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VOL* & 


954485 A. 



Tlit' memory of this lovely girl is cherished by her 
associates and friends as one whose brief life might 
well be an example for others. 

The political opinions which control the public 
action of Mr. Stone are in hearty accord with the 
declarations and platform of the Republican parly, 
yet he is not blindly lead by others, being sulli- 
ciently independent to control his vote, in local 
matters, by his own judgment and the exigencies 
of the times, and in all affairs of county and town- 
ship he votes for the man whose judgment and 
integrity he trusts, in preference to endorsing any 
one partisan ticket. 

While Mr. Stone i> too busy a man with his own 
affairs to be greatly absorbed with the affairs of 
social orders he belongs to Freehold Tent, No. 858, 
K. (). T. M.. and is a faithful and prominent mem- 
ber of that order. He is also an attendant at and 
supporter of the Methodist Church. He had no 
capital with which to start life unless we may count 
as such robust health, an excellent constitution, a 
determination to succeed in whatever lie under- 
took and a manly sense of integrity, and with 
these he has achieved success and is numbered 
among the prosperous men of his township. 

BRAM WHITBECK. Among prosperous 
farmers who have conic to Michigan from 
i!> the Empire State, we may mention Mr. 
Whitbeck, who i> carrying on a successful 
business as farmer and stock-raiser in Bridgeport 
Township, Saginaw County, lie was born March 
21, 1K. - 15 in Rensselaer County. N. Y., and is a son 
of Peter G. and Dorothy A. (VanBuren) Whitbeck 
who were born in New York anil arc of Holland 
descent. Our subject was the fourth son in his 
lather's family and grew up in his native home 
receiving his training and early education there 
until he reached the age of twenty, after which he 
went to Saratoga County; it was his home for 
some four years, working in the meantime for his 
uncle Henry Yanliuren. being engaged in farming 
and helping in carrying on a sawmill, 

The opportunities for education which were 
proffered to our subject in his childhood and 
youth were extremely limited but his love for 
learning and his ambition led him to self improve- 
ment in later years, and by a thorough course of 
reading of both books and periodicals he has added 
materially to his stock of learning and prepared 
himself to observe intelligently the advancement 
of men and nations. After leaving his uncle he 
spent four years in Toledo. Ohio, previous to com- 
ing to Michigan and it was in 1866 when he came 
to Saginaw County, and settled upon the farm 
where he now resides. This land was then practi- 
cally unimproved and he lias brought it by hard 
work and unflagging industry to the splendid con- 
dition which we see to-day. 

The marriage of Mr. Whitbeck with Miss Emily 
Simons look place February 26, IKlili. This lady 
was born July 25, 1835, in Oswego County, N. Y.. 
and is a daughter of Isaac and .lane Simons, who 
at one time made their home in Frankcninuth 
Township. Three children have been born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Whitbeck. .Jennie E., Ella M. and George. 

This gentleman inclines to Democratic principles 
in politics and is warmly interested in the success 
Of that party but in local matters he is willing to 
join hands with any of his fellow-citizens in bring- 
ing about changes and improvements in the neigh- 
borhood, rpon his beautiful farm of one hundred 
and twenty acres he is raising an excellent grade 
of stock. He is an excellent representative of the 
best class of fanners and enjoys the confidence of 
the whole community while his entire family stand 
high in social circles and are active in works of be- 
nevolence and progress. 



ARRY C. MOULTHHOP. Although h< 
ha> not yet reached the prime of life, Mr. 
Moulthrop ha> become closely identified 
\$G)) with the public affairs as Asssistant Cashier 
of the Hay City Bank, and a member of the firm 
of Ueberroth A' Co.. dealers in crockery and glass- 
ware. In recording the events of his life, per- 
chance the biographical writer uf a half-cent un 



hence will find rare pleasure in narrating the 
honors and emoluments which will have been 
bestowed upon him. At present we can only re- 
cord the principal happenings in a life of less than 
thirty year-, and note the steps by which he has 
risen Crom an humble clerkship to his present res- 
ponsible position. His life affords another illustra- 
tion of the power of conscientious perseverance 
and honest industry in crowning labors with the 
most complete success. 

'1 he house in which Mr. Monlthrop was horn 
stood on the corner of Fourth and Saginaw 
Streets, in Bay City, and was occupied by Clark 
and Elizabeth Monlthrop. parents of our subject 
and pioneers of the city. Harry ('. was born May 
23, 186?, and passed his boyhood days in his 
father's home, amid mingled work and play. At 
an early age lie commenced to acquire the rudi- 
ments of his education in the common school, 
which lie continued to attend until he had passed 
through the various grades to the High School. 
There the fund of knowledge previously obtained 
was supplemented by an excellent course of in- 
struction, which equipped the diligenl pupil for a 
practical business life. 

During his vacations Mr. Monlthrop engaged as 

clerk for his father in his grocery store, and after- 
ward became clerk in Gibson's grocerj establish- 
ment at tin- loot of Center Street. He made his 

first engagement with the Bay ('it\ IJank as 
collector, and was promoted from that position 

sueee..-i vel \ to the position- of collection clerk'. 

book-keeper, general I k-keeper. discount clerk. 

teller and assistant cashier. He became teller and 
assistant cashier Septembet 6, 1890, and is now 
serving efficiently ami with marked ability in that 
capacity. February 19, 1889, he became interested 
in the til 1 1 1 of Ueberroth Si Co.. on Center Street 
in the Shearer Block, and lias continued in the 
firm since, having been with it when its line new 
building was put up in 1891 at No. 816 X. Wash- 
ington Street. 

In his social relations Mr. Monlthrop was one of 
the charter members of the l>a\ City Club and was 
its Treasurer during the first year of it existence, 
lie has established a pleasanl and attractive home 
al No. 229 N. Madison street, which is presided 

over by his wife, to whom he was married October 
19, 1889. Mrs. Moulthrop bore the maiden name 
of Mary <■. Crippen and prior to her marriage re- 
sided in Saginaw, East Side. Her parents arc 
Charles and Marjorie (Grant) Crippen. A lady 
of superior culture. Mrs. Monlthrop enjoys the 
sincere and universal esteem of the people of Bay 
City, and is prominent in its social circles. 

WILLIAM B. (I. AUK. Since 187(1 Mr. 

W Clark has been engaged in the retail 
grocery business at the corner of First 

and Van Buren Streets, and not a housewife ill the 

city but what feels that articles gotten at this store 
are better than those obtained elsewhere lie always 
keeps the best stock of staple and fancy goods, 
and table delicacies that are loved by the epicure 
and that appeal to the man with the full purse. 
Since coming to Bay City he has had no occasion. 
either for want of trade or for other considera- 
tions, to change his location, and his prospect for 
the future is as goodas it has been ill the past. 

Mr. Clark was born in Way ne County, this State. 
seven miles cast of Ypsilanti. February 7. 1842. 
lie i^ the SOU of Timothy and Sophia (Smith) 
Clark, who were pioneers in that portion of the 
Stale. The\ were farmers by calling' and our sub- 
ject was early trained in the duties incident to 
pioneer farm life. As a boy he attended school ill 
the district SChoolhouse and then became a student 
in the old Ypsilanti Seminars', and a Iter lie had 
finished his school training he was apprenticed to 
learn the carpenter's 1 rade with his brother, Wood- 
bury Clark, lie worked at that for several years, 
and in 1866 on the 20th of August, came to Bay 
City and began working at his trade. lie also 
took contracts and put up a number of buildings 
in this city. 

For four years Mr. (lark was employed in this 
i>u-i]ii^> and so successful was he in partnership 
that he decided to launch out alone, lie built a 
good stoic and residence and opened up business 
as above stated, in (870, He is naturally of a 



sunny, genial temperament, and attracts trade for 
his affable qualities as well as by the excellence of 
the goods he offers. He is besides a thorough and 
careful business man. Besides his business pro- 
perty, Mr. Clark owns six houses in the city, and 
also other city real estate. All of this lie lias made 
by his own efforts. On coming to the city he 
found hut one brick building here, and that was 
the old Union Block. The Frazier House was in 
process of construction, and on that lie did his 
first work in this city, so he has witnessed the 
growth of the place from ils incipience to its pres- 
ent fine proportions. 

Our subject has been selected to represent the 
First Ward as Alderman and has served in that 
capacity for two terms. He has commended him- 
self to the best class of citizens and city officials 
by his excellent judgment, common sense and ad- 
herence to principle. 

Mr. CJark was married to Mis> Ellen M. Duns- 
more, of Ypsilanti, February 7. 1865. In their 
church relations they are Episcopalians. Socially 
lie fraternizes with the Masonic order. He be- 
longs to the Bay City Lodge, Blanchard Chapter 
and Bay City Commandery 




is - 


1/SAAC A. SHANNON. The Saginaw Valley 
is famous, not only throughout Michigan, but 
|i also through the Northwest as the seat of many 
and varied manufacturing interests. The lumber 
resources of this part of the Wolverine State and 
the character of its early population, as well .as its 
splendid opportunities for the adaptation of water 
power have led to this result and we have here to 
chronicle another establishment of this character. 
Mr. Shannon, of Bay City, is the oldesl wagon- 
maker in the Saginaw Valley, having been estab- 
lished here since 1863 and is now doing line custom 
work exclusively. He has built a good two-story 
brick shop 50x75 feet on the lot where he has been 
Located for over twenty years and gives employ- 
ment to ten first-class mechanics, and supplies the 
best city trade. He was born in Warren County. 
N. J., February 29, 1836, and is a son of David 
and Catherine (Angle) shannon. The mother was 

born in Brooklyn and the father in Warren County, 
N. .1.. where he was a wagon and plow maker and 
later a farmer. They were devout members of the 
Episcopal Church and the father was an old-line 
Whig and afterward a Republican, lie was born 
in 1803 and died in 1883 and the mother, who was 
born in 1813, died in 1886. 

( )ur subject was educated in Warren County and 
grew to maturity upon a farm. He came i" Michi- 
gan before he was of age and resided in Oakland 
County and afterward in Illinois and about the 
year 1860 returned to this State and settled in 
Rochester, Oakland County, where he apprenticed 
himself to a earriagemaker and thoroughly learned 
the trade of which he had acquired much from his 
father at home. In 1863 he came to Bay City and 
established a shop on his own responsibility being 
an entire stranger in a new city without capital. 
During his first year here he was drafted into the 
army but as it seemed hot tor him to continue in 
carrying cm his business he hired a substitute and 
still devoted himself to the building up of this in- 
fant industry. 

At the inception of his business .Mr. Shannon 
employed but one or t wo men bill soon had a trade 
that demanded a larger force. He bought the 
property where he is now located and in 1871 
erected a small shop which he occupied until 1882 
when his present factory was built. He is now 
contemplating another addition to his building in 
order to facilitate the immense trade which he has 
built up. He has made it his aim to make his out- 
put of the very best quality that could lie made 
and his shop is known all through the valley as 
tin' finest custom shO; in these parts. 

In 1872 .Mr. Shannon sold his business and went 
to Virginia to reside on account of the ill health 
of his wife, hut after several months' absence he 
returned home and again resumed his former busi- 
iiis-. Besides his manufacturing interests he has 
had some dealings in real-estate but has devoted 
most of his energies in the direction of his trade. 
lie has not dabbled in politics although he is a 
worker for the Republican party, but he has been 
a member of the Masonic order ever since he was 
old enough to he accepted and is a member of the 
Bav ( it \ Lodge, 



The marriage of our subject with Miss Etta Ben- 
nett, of Rochester, Mich., took place November 3, 
1865. This lady is a daughter of Harvey Bennett. 
They have one daughter, Geneveve, who is still at 
home. Mr. Shannon and his wife are members of 
the Universalis! Church of which this gentleman 
has been a Trustee for over twenty years. 

T^S EUBEN W. ANDRUS, deceased. This 
L^f gentleman was born in Chautauqua 
■ * \ County. N. Y. near the village of Cedar 
V£) Creek. February 20, 1832. He had his 
training in the common schools and in 1854 went 
i" Buffalo and engaged to work in a store. In 
1856 he came to Owosso and established himself 
as a merchant and a few months later removed to 
Chesaning where he continued in trade for a 
number of years. With his brother and with 
L. II. Nason he owned a water-mill at Albee and 
erected a steam mill at Maple Grove, and was 
carrying thai on when he was elected Sheriff in 
1x70. He had been Justice of the Peace for one 
term and served sixteen year- continuously as 
Supervisor. He was a Republican in his political 

At the election of 1872 his opponent claimed to 
be elected by a majority of one hundred and 
eighty-five vote- and secured a writ of quo war- 
ranto against Mr. Andrus, who by the advice of 
friend- resigned after entering the office and Dr- 
John B. White, the Coronor was appointed in his 
place. He immediately appointed Mr. Andrus his 
Deputy and a- such he served out his second term 
of office. After he came out of office he again en- 
gaged in the grocery trade in which lie continued 
until his death, which took place, October 20, 1*7*. 
Mr. Andrus was a member of the Masonic order 
and also the Odd Fellows fraternity and was an 
active Knight Templar, and was buried with the 
honors of a Knight Templar. He was a strong 
politician and became associated with the Green- 
back party, being imbued with the pervailing ideas 
upon the matters of national currency. Ho was 

married in lxijl to Emma Roy Crowfoot, of ( hes- 
aning. she died leaving a daughter, Haltie. who 
is now Mrs. Lagroth, of Minneapolis. 

The marriage of our subject with Mrs. Maria M. 

Legg, widow of Sila- W. Legg. took place. Febru- 
ary 28, 1865. This lady is a daughter of Hosea 
Wood. of Ulster County, N. V..and in that county 
she was first married in 1855. Mr. Legg was a 
-tone cutter who came to Chesaning the year of 
their marriage and there continued to live until 
his death in 18G4. Their one son, William C. 
Legg. who was only three years old at the time of 
his father's death, is now residing in Riverdale. 
this county. 

Mis. Andrus is a member of the St. John's 
Church and resides in a beautiful residence on 
Carroll Street. After the death of her husband 
Mrs. Andrus continued the grocery business for 
about a year and then closed it out. She spent 
one year upon the farm adjoining the town of 
< hesaning but the most of her widowhood has 
been passed at her town residence. 

*i* *T* *T* *■** *?7" K " r ^i* *T* ** *T* "y* ■■ 

~ ' "I* *J* •£• *i* *ii>',.''li\ *I* •** *J* •** ■ 

OSEPH M. TROMBLEY, wholesale and re- 
tail dealer in lish. is justly proud of the fact 
that he is the oldest survivor among the 
native-born citizens of Lay County. He 
was born in the old Center House, which was the 
first frame building ever erected in Lay County 
and was located at the corner of Water and 
Twenty-fourth Streets, in what is now Lay City. 
The date of hi- birth was January 8, 1839, and a 
sketch of his father. Joseph, is presented on anothei 
page. He remained in his native place until 1^17. 
when In- removed to what was then known as 
Bangor, but is now the Brst ward of West Lay 
City, and here he has -pent almost his entire life. 

After coming to West Baj I ii\ he attended scl 1 

during the winter seasons until he was eighteen 
ami to reach the "temple of learning" he was 
compelled to cross the river on the ice. 

During the summer season Mr. Trombley was 
employed on farms until he was fourteen and then 
he began fishing on the boat '"Eagle." At theageof 



twenty-one his father gave him the boat and an out- 
lit, and lie began to fish on his own account. Two 
years later he sold the "Eagle" and bought the 
"Nimrod" in which he sailed for four seasons and 
met with considerable success. In 1873, in connec- 
tion with his brother, David, he built the "Morning 
Star" and the two fished in partnership until 1889 
when our subject purchased David's interest and is 
now sole owner. The vessel has a capacity of eight 
tons. On Decembers, 1890, Mr. Trombley com- 
menced in the wholesale and retail fish business 
on water lots No. 1. 2. 3 and 1. in Banks, where 
he has a substantial ice-house and a fine fish-house, 
with docks. lie buys and sells fish, and ships 
East, South and West. 

The elegant residence which Mr. Trombley now 
occupies was erected by him in 1872 and is located 
on the corner of Elm and Sophia Street. Besides 
that property, he owns other real estate in the 
city. He was married in 1863, al Banks, to Miss 
Nancy Beebe, who was born in Owosso, Mich., and 
dying left one son, Theodore, now engaged as a 
fisherman. On February 22, 1868, Mr. Tromblej 
was united in marriage with Miss Susan Bennett, 
the daughter of Capt. John Bennett, a native of 
Queens County, Ireland. Her grandfather, An- 
drew, brought his family from Ireland to Canada 
and improved a farm in PresCOtt, where he died. 
John Bennett was fourteen years old when he ac- 
companied his father to America and was a sailor 
from his boyhood. While still young he became i 
a master and sailed on the lakes for more than 
twenty years. He also owned a farm near Pres- 
COtt, whence he removed to Corunna and retired 
from active life with a competency. His death 
occurred in 1x71 at the age of seventy-one years 
and six months. During the Canadian Rebellion 
he served as a McKenzie man and was a picket 

Mrs. Trombley 's mother was known in maiden- 

I d as Mar} Tierney and was horn in Monahan, 

Ireland, whence she emigrated at the age of eight- 
een years to New York, and six years later came 
to Michigan. Mrs Trombley was ni xt to the 
youngest among ten children, and was horn in 
Prescott, where she remained until nine years old. 
From that place she accompanied her parents to 

Corunna and in 1867 came to Bay City to make 
her home with a sister. Of the union of Mr. and 
Mrs. Trombley eight children have been torn, 
namely: Mary, Mrs. Bush, Of Hanks; Henry, 
whose home is in Cheboygan; Kate, who died at 
the age Of three years; Leo and Casper, who died 
in infancy; Blanche, Reuben 1!. and Irene, who are 
Still under the parental roof. 

It is with pleasure that Mr. Trombley recalls in- 
cidents of pioneer days and these he relates with 
evident interest and animation. He remembers 
when there were only four buildings in Bay City 
and recalls the erection of the first brick structure 
in 1863. During the early days Indians were his 
frequent companions and he learned to speak the 
Chippewa language with fluency. He was a per- 
sonal friend of the renowned Nock Cliickamec. 
Chief of the Ta was, with whom he used to work. 
In his political sentiments he is allied with the 
Republican party and never neglects an opportu- 
nity to cast his ballot foi the promulgation of its 
principles. He and his family are devoted mem- 
bers of the St. Mary's Catholic Church, and occupy 
a prominent position in society. 


AMES TENNANT. The Bay City Stone 
( 'ompany has as its presiding geniuses two of 
the most able and expcrii need business men 
of Hay City. Thesenior member of the firm 

is he whose name appears above. They are manu- 
facturers of granite and marble monuments and 
cut stone of even description. They also deal ex- 
tensively in sewer pipes of all kinds. Mr. Ten- 
nant hears a good old English name, and he was 
horn in Keighley, Yorkshire, England, June 20. 
1841. lie is a son of George and Mary (Smith) 
Tennant. The former was born in Aysgath, in the 
same place where the noted English Commoner. 
John Bright, was horn. 

Our subject's grandsire, George Tennant. was a 
mason by trade, as was also our subject's father. 
and they did much ornamental stoni trimming. 
They built the Lower Wyke Tunnel, which is near 
Barnsley aud is three miles long, occupying two 



hundred men night and day until its completion, 
and is one of the largest tunnels in England. 
After being engaged in various important works 
our subject's father retired from business in 1883. 

Iu 1857 George Tennant brought his family to 
Cobourg, Canada, and was there engaged in con- 
tracting on the Buffalo & Lake Huron Road, and 
in building bridges from Goderich to Stratford. In 
1880 he went to Texas and remained in Dallas 
until 1883. He now resides at Ft. Gratiot, this 
State. Our subject's maternal grandsire, .James 
Smith, served in the English army and was a body 
servant of the Duke of Wellington and with him 
went through the wars with Napoleon Bonaparte. 
He was retired on a pension and met a most un- 
timely death by being murdered on the King's 
Highway. Our subject's mother died in 1890, her 
demise being the result of a fall. 

Our subject had eleven brothers and sisters, the 
family comprising si\ -on- and six daughters, nine 
of whom lived to be grown. One died at sea on 
the way to America. The eldest son. John, i- a 
prominent merchant at Waco, Tex.; .lames II. is 
third in order of birth of the family. and was reared 
in England. He had not many educational advan- 
tages, for when a boy of eight years he felt the 
necessity of working, and soon began to serve ;m 
apprenticeship as a stone cutter and mason. He 
was sixteen years old when he came to America 
with his father's family. After a short residence 
in Cobourg, Canada, he worked with his father on 
railway contracts, and at the age of twenty years 
took charge of a force of men in Detroit in part- 
nership with James Stewart, taking contracts to 
get out stone on Drummond Island for the new 
jail in Detroit. lie was then engaged on ( hrist's 
Church and on finishing this went to Toronto. Can- 
ada, and later was engaged on the Atlantic & < rreat 
Western Railroad, being interested in building all 
the bridges Irom Akron to Dayton, and the con- 
tract occupying two year-. 

Next Mr. Tennant took a contract to build the 
machine shops for the Ontanagon Railroad Com- 
pany at Marquette, and thence went to Massillon, 
Ohio, where he took the contract for the stone 
work whii h was there cut for Trinity Chuicfa of 
Pittsburg, Pa., and in 1872 he came to Bay City to 

build the First National Bank. After its comple- 
tion he went to Saginaw and superintended the 
building of the People's Savings Bank, and then 
with hi- brother John formed a partnership with 
ill. Bate and Mr. Pryor, the linn being conducted 
under the firm name of Tennant Bros. & Co. John 
Tennant withdrew and went to Waco. Tex.: then 
on the withdrawal of Mr. Pryor the Bnn name was 
changed to the Bay City Stone Company. .Mr. 
Tennant has charge of the contracting department. 
In 1889 the company built the Michigan Central 
depot, win ;h is one of the finest in the State. 
They also did the stone work on the Crapo Block, 
the l'lnenix Bloi k. the Slit -ares Bloek and the Com- 
mercial Bank. They built the First Natioi al Bank 
of Saginaw, the Flint High School and the Manis- 
tee County court-house. During one year Sir. 
Tennant had charge of fourteen large contract-. 
The company furnishes constant employment to 
eighty men. They own thirty-three acre- on the 
Saginaw Bay shore, from which they get excellent 


Mr. Tennant was married in St. Catharines, 
Canada. June 26, 1867, to .Miss Emily Horsham, 
who wa- bom in Devonshire, England. They arc 
the parents of four children — Arthur .1.. Mabel. 
Gertrude and Sidney. The eldest -on is a practical 
stone-cutter, located in Washington State. The 
family residence i< located at the corner of Eighth 
and Sherman Street- and is a most attractive place. 
Mr. Tennant is united with many societies and i- 
a Knight of the Maccabees, also belongs to the 
United Friend-. He and his wife are associated 
with the Congregational Church. He is a Repub- 
lican in political predilection. 





OSIAH SQUIRE, a leading farmer, residing 
on section I, Saginaw Township, was born 
December in. 1835, in Woodhouse, Leices- 
tershire, England, where his father. John 
Squire, carried on work in a lace factory, but 
migrated across the ocean in 1845, and farmed near 
Brantford. Ontario. 1 Ie died there at the age of 
eighty years in the hope of a glorious resurrection 


nml di voted member 
througbuul Sli thodist ( liureh, as \\ -i- 

, name was Maiy W en- 
tbe mother of nine children and 
: fifty-four \ ears. 

100I in hisnath e land, Josi ill 
with hi- parents, at the age of thir- 
montb mi tin- voi 
join a the ship "Marmion." Attheageol 

in independent work, taking a 
hundred acres "ii shares. When lie 
S59, he located at Saginaw, 
landing with on lj $1 in his pocket and being three 
01 four weeks without work. During his firsl win- 
tor here li<- worked in a liveri stable and then 
t • ■ 1 1 1 1 ■ I < - 1 1 1 1 > 1 • > v 1 1 n • 1 1 1 on Mi. Brockway's farm, after 
n hich hi !:u in oi John Lent, making :i 

_■ - 1 i 1 1 io have tin- use of the farm tor clearing 
and fencing five acres a year; but at tin expiration 
of tin- second year In- -old hi- |< 

I young man next bought n house and lot at 
tin- i \ • hi in ~ and Bond Streets in the city, 

ami did teaming until 1866, .it which linn- he 
bougbl hi- present property, onlj two or threi 
- of wbicb wei cleared, and which had 

upon it ;i larger stock of wild deer than domestic 
animals ami In- could even boast of a goodly num- 
'■: tears which made their home upon hi- farm. 
Here he buill a -mall wooden bouse and went in 
work to clear the farm and put it in shape forcul- 
ii\ ation. 

Mr. Squire was married to the lady of hischoice 
in 1856, aiol -he was before her marriage with him 
Mrs. \iina Bailey. Of their sis children live are 
lit ing, vi/.: Habbie, Anna. Bailey, b'red, ami Alfred. 
The daughter < arrie died at the age of nineteen 
*, jusl after graduating in the cit) High 
Schools. One hundred acres of the one hundred 

ami t went \ m the | ession of Mr. Squire, arc 

now under cultivation. Hi- beautiful I te, w hich 

he erected in 1881, and to winch he built an ad- 
dition in 1889, is situated lour am] a lull' miles 
north of the city. The two commodious barns aid 
indeed all tl utbuildings of the farm are credit- 
to tbe enii rprise ami thoroughness of the 
• i . 
The political view- ,,t on, subjeel have, through- 

out most of hi- life, brought hint into affiliation 
with the Republican party, but of late he ha- ex- 
perienced a reaction on the larift question, and has 
left thai party, a- he cannot believe in the expedi- 
ency "I' a hich tariff, lie therefore now counts 
himself as in line with the Democratic party. His 
intelligence ami interesl in the local educational 
affairs have broughl him into prominence in con- 
nection with the schools, and he i- now a School 
Director. Both lie ami hiswifeare prominent ami 
active members of the Baptist Church and find 

therein a wide sphere of influence. 

*-7-^II()MAS II. MON08MITH,of Bay City, is 
/ /T\ the proprietor of the kindling wood fae- 
V — / tory at Thirty-seventh Street and the rail- 
road crossing of the Flint & I'ere Marquette 
Road. He carries on a large business in tin- man- 
ufacture of pitched and dried kindlings, using 

-team power and having in hi- employ some 
twenty-six men. He is the only man in this busi- 
ness in theSaginaw Valley and there are none in 
the West ea.-t of the Mississippi River, doing a 
larger business than he. He ships to Chicago and 
other large cities. He has the largesl factory west 
of Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Monosmith began this business about 1879 
in Medina Ohio, hut in 1882 he removed to Michi- 
gan because he could here secure a better supply 
of lumber and is thus a pioneerin this line and has 
made it a success. His plant here covers eight hun- 
dred square feet and he has a switch track con- 
necting his yard with the main track of the rail- 

Our subject was horn in Wayne County, Ohio, 
June in. 1844, and isasonof Joseph and Lizzie 

(Hawn) M smith. As the father was a farmer 

the -on was broughl up in the country and had 
good practical training both at home and in the 
common school and for some time tauffhl in that 
' ty. The father wa- Supervisor of his town- 
ship and a man of prominence. The youug man 
Mist engaged in the manufacture of butter and 
cheese in a factor} on tin- Western Reserve and 



built for himself a factory in Medina County, in 
L868. After operating it for some time lie sold it. 
Inn still carried on the same line of work in other 
places, until 1879 when be took bold of his presenl 
work whicb was then a new business. 

Upon his arrival here Mr. Monosmitli formed a 
corporation known as the Michigan Fire Lighter 
Company and was elected as it- President and oc- 
cupied the position as manager. After a business 
period of four years Mr. Monosmith secured entire 
control of the business. The plant was located at 

tin ner of Fortieth and Watei Streets. In 1888 

the entire plant was destroyed by fire, making a 
total loss, as lie carried no insurance. During the 
conflagration Mr. Monosmith bad a verj narrow 
escape from death. He then moved to his presenl 

Thuma> li. Monosmith was united iii marriage 
June 18, 1868 with Miss Emily I... daughter of 
Olnej Rounds. Their three children are: Olney, 
who is a graduate of the Bay City High School 
and is now a student at the College of Physicians 
and Surgeons in Chicago; Perley B., who is with 
our subject, and John I>. While this gentleman 
has not been an active politician he votes the Dem- 
ocratic ticket. He is also a member of the Knights 
of the Maccabees. 

ENRY SHAKES. This former valued resi- 
dent of Saginaw was horn in Prussia. Ger- 
many, January 28, 1840. His father died 
when he was a mere child and he with an 
older brother and his mother came to Canada, 
when he was ten years old. His mother married 
again in Canada and Henry early learned the 
mason's trade and began his own support. He had 
a good German education. He also was a great 
ri ider and observer, and retained all he read. 
Alter completing his trade as a mason he came to 
Saginaw and worked at it for some time. 

Returning to ( anada Mr. Shakes was married at 

Exeter. April 11. 1864, to Miss Barbara Ellen 

Deemert, who was horn at Guelph, Ontario, and is 

Of German ancestry. The young couple came to 


the city of Saginaw, where Mr. shakes soon 
after became a contractor and liuilt some of the 
principal residence- and business Mocks of that 
city, such as the Giesler block, the Derby block, 
the Hoyt's planing-mill, the File works, and the 
Hurt residence, besides doing much building ill 
other cities. One of his principal jobs was the 
large hotel at Bay Port, and another, the hank at 
Standish. James Kern was his partner for some 
time and at the time of the death of our SUOJecl 
they were buildingamill for Duncan & lire wer. and 
one for Mitchell and McClure at Duluth. He was 
fatally injured by the breaking of a scaffold which 
caused him to fall some ten feet and his death oc- 
curred at Duluth. April 1. 1891, just a week after 
the accident. He gave the business his full atten- 
tion and supervision up to the very last moment 
and not five minutes before his death was on his 
feet. As SOOn as he wa- hurt his wife hastened to 
his bedside and tenderly watched over him. Hebe- 
ing bright and cheerful they anticipated no danger, 
so no dark shadow cast a gloom over the last few 
days they -o happily spent together. 

Mr. Shakes wa- a member of Lodge No. 74.1. ( ). 
(). I-'., Lodge No. 508, K. of II.. the Arbeiter So- 
ciety, and the Builders' and Trader-' Exchange. 
He was selected as a delegate to the National Con- 
vention to be held in New York but as business 
called him to Duluth at that time he was not able 
to attend. At the time of his death his pall hear- 
er- were -elected from the societies to which he 
belonged with the addition of two members of the 
Brick Layers Union. He was a careful business 
man and his contiacts were invariably successful. 
In physique he was robust, healthy and vigorous, 
ami socially was very companionable. He was 

often asked t icupy offices of public trust hut 

invariably declined, although he was interested in 
party movements and a stanch Democrat. He 
was -aiil to he the mo-t straightforward of the 
business men of the city and always stood well 
with all his workmen, ever realizing that they 
were human beings and never having difficulties 
or strikes among them. 

As Mr. and Mrs Shakes had no children they 
adopted a little girl when she was four years old. 
This daughter. Carrie, is now the wife of Louis A. 



Seifert, who is in partnership with Heavenrich 
Bros, in the shoe business. They have two chil- 
dren. Lulu Barbara and Elsie May. Mr. Shakes pos- 
sessed strong social qualities and was a genial com- 
panion and valuable friend. He found his greatesl 
pleasure in the society of his wife and daughter, 
and his home was an exceptionally happy one and lie 
could not have loved an own child more heartily 
than he did the brilliant and handsome girl whom 
he adopted. Her two little daughters were very 
near to his heart and could not have been more 
dear than they were had they been his own Mesh 
and blood. 

A lithographic portrait of the late Mr. Shako i> 
presented in connection with this biography. 

<fl OfclLLIAM V. PRYBESKI. Our subject is 
\/~\/// one "^ ""' m " st prominent representa- 
\yvy tives of that country that has suffered so 
severely from the avarice of the great European 
powers and that is now a people without, a home 
government. It is not surprising that in a foreign 
land those who are loyal to the histories and tra- 
ditions of the Fatherland, should become associa- 
ted, and organize a Polish-American Alliance that 
should have for its object the cultivation of loyal 
American citizens and the support, recognition 
and aid of the oppressed of their own people. Mr. 
Pry beski is now Censor or Supreme President of 
the Polish National Alliance of America with which 
he has been connected since 1880. heretofore as the 
President of General Government of the Alliance, 
and now occupying the Chairof that Alliance. He 
is also the present Treasurer of Bay County. 

Our subject was born in Poland in the city of 
Kowalewo. now called Schoensee, in the State of 
Thorn, his natal day being February 5, 1857. He 
is a son of Paul and Margaret ( Bneski) Prybeski. 
The former is a native of the same place as is our 
subject, where he was a merchant. He was an officer 
in the German army in which he distinguished 
himself. He continued in business in his native 
place until just prior to his decease, in 1877. His 

son Joseph now succeeds him in business. Our 
subject's mother was a daughter of John Brieski, 
a regent of the locality of Kowalewo. (formerly the 
Castle Kowalewo. i and a prominent man in that 
vicinity. Our subject was one of eight children 
born to his parents there being four boys and four 
girls; of these only three are now living, viz: 
Joseph, Agnes and Wiliani Y. 

Our subject laid the foundation of his education 
in the schools at his home until he was fourteen 
years of age. lie then began attendance at the 
High School in the same city, and from sixteen to 
seventeen years of age was in the city of Thorn 
with Simon & Co.. engaged in the wholesale gro- 
cery business, to which he had been trained from a 
boy. Returning to his father's home he remained 
there three months, but meantime the idea had 
crystallized into the determination to come to 
America, having been interested in the super- 
ior advantages that a young man enjoys here 
b\ a friend who had been to this country. In 
March. 1874, he left Berlin for Hamburg and sailed 
on the steamer "Abyssinia" to New York. After 
spending two weeks in the great metropolis of the 
seaboard, lie came to Detroit, Mich., in March. 187 I. 

Mr. Prybeski was first employed in Detroit as 
clerk in a wholesale meat house of William Smith 
.v Son. then proprietors of the largest meat business 
in that locality. He remained there two and a half 
years and in the fall of 1876 came to Hay City 
and launched into the meat business for himself 
in partnership with A. Mendriski. This partner- 
ship continued until 1885 and on it> dissolution 
our subject became sole proprietor and continued 
the business until receiving theelection a- County 

Mr. Prybeski has added much to the attractive- 
ness of the city by his public spirit and thorough 
business qualifications and has acquired consider- 
able wealth. His election to the position which lie 
now holds took place in 1890, being elevated to 
thai position by the Democratic party and their 
vote being endorsed by the Labor Party, lie re- 
ceived the nattering vote of fourteen hundred ma- 
jority, and assumed charge of the office January 1. 
1891. He is the first of his people who has held 
a County Treasurer's office in America, and per- 



haps a county office of any sort. Our subject is :i 

self-made man in every respect bul his bition 

Ikis induced him to continue the process of self- 
culture under trying circumstances. After coming 
to America he perfected his knowledge of English 
and of business methods by attending business col- 
leges in Detroit and Hay City. 

The gentleman of whom we write was marriedin 
Bay City, June 25, 1890, to .Miss Mary Smialek, 
who was born in Europe and brought to America 
when a babe, being reared in this city. In Ikmo. 
our subject organized the Polish National Society 
in Bay City. It proved to be successful beyond his 
most sanguine hopes, and its local membership is 
eighty-six. In 1886 he became President of the 
General Alliance whose headquarters werechanged 
from Chicago to Bay City, and at the convention 
at Detroit in September, 1891, he was elected Cen- 
sor, which is the highesl office in the Alliance. He 
has been delegate to the ~i\ conventions of this 
association, at Chicago, .Milwaukee. Bay City, St. 
Paul. Buffalo and Detroit. He is well known by 
the Polish population of America as well as in Po- 
land and enjoys the highest esteem of his people in 
this country and his native land. 


prising young business man of South Bay 
J City, is well read, intelligent and progress- 
ive. He was horn in Oxford County, Me., Novem- 
ber 15, 1848, and his father, William, was also horn 
there, while his grandfather. Thomas, was a native 
of Massachusetts and removed to Oxford County, 
Me., to take up Government land in that less set- 
tled state. He went there with two brothers, one 
of whom was killed by the Indians and the other 
was captured and never heard from again. 

The father of our subject was reared in Maine 

and upon reaching inanh 1 went into the grocery 

and dry-goods business and in L861 went to To- 
ronto. Cauda, and dealt in grain for fourteen years, 
after which he came to the Slates and carried on 
the same business in Mason City, 111. It was in 
'1881 that William Thorn came to Bay City and 
acted as an agent for others, but in October 1888 

he returned to Maine where he carried on a grocery 
business. He was a Democrat in his political 
affiliations and a Universalis! in his religious be- 

Alinira Ripley was the maiden name of her who 
became the mother of our subject. She was horn 
in Oxford County. Me., and is the daughter of 
Maj. William K. Ripley, a native of Massachusetts 
whocarried on farming and a. sawmill business. His 
military rank was gained in t he Seminole War and 
he was a prominent man in his vicinity, belonging 
to the old Puritan stock of New England which 
can be traced back to the "Mayflower." The fam- 
ily in which our subject grew to manhood con- 
sisted of three children, and his sisters are: Sarah, 
Mrs. Mulholland, and Ella S. 

Common school advantages in Maine and ( lanada 
comprised all the educational opportunities which 
were given our subject and he remained at home 
with his father until 1869. At the age of fourteen 
he began the cigar-making trade, and eighteen 
months later his employer died leaving him free. 
He then worked at the trade of a mechanic in 
Canada and in 1869 went to Boston as a journey- 
man in the employ of Wylder & Eastenbrook, a 
very large firm of cigar manufacturers. Subse- 
quently he worked at other places and was in the 
shop of Wait & Bond, which is now so great an 
establishment. In 1*7.'? he removed to Toronto and 
after working for three years at his trade went to 
Philadelphia and thence to Chicago, and after- 
wards spent some time at various Illinois and Kan- 
sas towns and came to Bay City in November, 1KHK. 

After coming here Mr. Thorn started a cigar 
factory on Water Street which two years later was 
burned down and then again established himself 
in the Bridge Block, now known as the European 
Hotel. Somewhat later he became foreman for 
Bradock it Bateman in South Bay City, the largest 
cigar factory in the Valley, but in lfs'.il decided to 
again strike out for himself and established his 
own factory at the corner of Bower}' and South 
Center Street. He is engaged in making the Ox- 
ford Boy and Cantonian cigars and his special 
brands are Old Gus, Rover and Natty. His trade 
is exclusively with his old home at Canton, Me., 
as he ships all his cigars to that point. 



The lady who became the wife of Mr. Thorn in 
Pekin, 111., in 1880, was known in maidenhood as 
Miss Susie Hauk. She was born in Altoona. Pa., 
and reared in Illinois and is now the mother of 
four children, namely: Kate, Alice, Dora and 
Charles J. Mr. Thorn's polities are of the true 
blue Republican stripe and he is a member of the 
National Union of Cigar Makers and the Bay ( it\ 
Local Union. 

/^ HRISTIAN YOLZ. The intelligent young 
III farmers of Saginaw County are the bone 

^Sy and sinew of the community, as their 
strength and vitality, their enterprise and energy 
carry forward the agricultural interests. None of 
them is more justly appreciated than he whose 
name stands at the head of this narrative, ami his 
beautiful farm of one hundred and eight acres, 
lying on section 21. Buena Vista Township, Sagi- 
naw County. i> well adorned and improved with 
the good buildings which lie has placed upon it. 

Christian Yolz was born in Wurtemberg, Ger- 
many, November 1. 1855, and came, in the 
spring of 1867, to America with his parents. In 
the meantime he had received a good education, 
which isalways accorded German children, and has 
supplemented that knowledge with judicious read- 
ing. The parents of our subject located in Buena 
Vista Township a few months after their advent 
into Saginaw County, and our subject continued 
to reside at home until his marriage, although he 
spent four years in Detroit, being employed in 

October 30, 1 S 7 : > . was the date of our subject's 
marriage with Miss Louisa Dehn, their nuptials 
being celebrated in Saginaw. Mrs. Yolz was born 
in the township in which they now reside, Dec-em- 
ber 25, 1858. To them have been born a family 
of six children, viz: Yetty, Christian J.. Katie, 
John M., Louisa ami ( lei irge .1. < >ur subject 's father 
was Christian Yolz and his mother's maiden name 
was Dora Walz. botli of whom were natives of 
"Wurtemberg, Germany. They are now residingin 

Buena Yista Township, having removed hither in 
the fall of 1867. The parents of Mrs. Yolz were 
Peter and Barbara (Stolz) Dehn, nativesof Bavaria, 
i .11 many. The mother died in Buena Yista Town- 
ship in'. 

Our subject has been Justice of the Peace for 
about two years and fulfilled the duties of the 
otliee to the full satisfaction of his fellow-towns- 
men. In politics he is a stanch Republican, be- 
lieving that party to be in the right. Both our 
subject and his wife are influential and popular 
members of the German Lutheran Church and are 
liberal contributors to the support of the same. 
They are good citizens and desirable acquisitions 
to society. 





PAVID WILSON i> a prosperous and well- 
known farmer who resides on section 12. 
Tittabawassee Township, Saginaw County- 
where he is tin- owner of eighty acres of as 
line land as LS to be found in the county, lie 
boughl this property before it had been touched 
save by the hand of nature, and be cut the first 
wagon road from Freeland to that spot, lie now 
has it thoroughly improved, and has placed upon 
it such buildings as are creditable to any farm. 

Our subject is the son «>f David and Susan 
(( low | Wilson, who were born in Lincolnshire, 
England, as was also their son, who had his na- 
tivity June 30, 1831. The father was an engineer 
and young David was brought up to the same 
trade, lie had the misfortune to have his educa- 
tion cut short as far as literary attainments go, but 
he had a thorough and most essential practical 

The lady who became the wife of our Subjed 
on the 21th of July, 1853, was Fannie, daughter 
of William and Jessie (Crosby) Newton, of Eng- 
land and Scotland respectively. -Mr. Newton fol- 
lowed the calling of a contractor and builder, and 
did much work in various part- of the world. lie 
was for some time engaged in work in the West 
Indies. lie there met Miss Crosby, and the ac- 
quaintance ripened into love and they formed a 



happy union and spent some tunc in the Wesl 
Indies, and there their daughter Fannie was born 
June 25, 1830. The family came to this country 
in 1837, and settled in Baltimore, Md., where Mr. 
Newton died in 1811. In 1845 Mrs. Newton and 
familj removed t<> Pontiac, Mich. In course of 
time Fannie made the ;i • [iiaintincc of our worthy 

Eight children came to bless the home of Mr. 
ami Mrs. Wilson, and seven (if them are Mill 
living to cheer the hearts of their parent-. Min- 
nie S.. who was born June 1. 1854, makes her 
home with her parents; Eva, born July 16, 1856, 
is the wife of David Turnbull, of Saginaw County; 
Andrew J., born March 2H. 1859, took to wife 
Katie McKellar, and resides upon a farm adjoining 
his father's; Ida A., born May II. 1861, has mar- 
ried Osgood Xinis. of Saginaw County; William 
M., born August 20, 1863, married Alice Gilbert 
and makes his home in Kay County: Fannie, born 
January 2."). 1866, married S. C. Brown, a lumber- 
man of Duluth, Minn.: David, born May :i 1 . 1868, 
died September 1. 1870; and Jessie, born Decem- 
ber 2. L871, married James Turnlni.ll, of Saginaw 

The political convictions which govern the vote 
of Mr. Wilson arc in many respects at variance 
with the standards of either one of the great polit- 
ical part ies. although he sees truth in some plank- of 
the platform of both. He casts his ballot for the 
men and measures which judgment approves, and 
finds this t i he most satisfactory to him. lie is an 
attendant at the services oi the Methodisl Epis- 
copal Chinch and a supporter of all measures look- 
ing toward the promotion of the welfare of the 

community, and is ever pleased with progress in 
this direction. 



<« SALTER FRAZEE. That the fear of wh* 
%/iJ/i comes •' lllr| ' death "makes cowards of us 

vV :ill" is as true to-day as when penned by 
the immortal bard, and to most men those fears 
cause a shudder when contemplating the tomb. 
Many people designate the details of their funerals, 

hoping thus to assuage this feeling, and it is a 
consolation when dying to know that the body 
will he consigned to its hum sleep by tender 
hands and followed by loving hearts. Years of 
experience have made Mr. Frazee proficient in 
performing the saddest of human rites and tender 
obligations, and much of the repulsiveness of the 
final duty of man to man is mitigated when tohis 
trained hands and eye and thoughtful mind can 
be relegated the work in which he is so proficient. 
Friend- can always rest assured that no omis- 
sion or interruption will mar the occasion when 
the direction of the funeral is in the charge of 
Mr. Frazee, and Mr. II. Coleman, in whose estab- 
lishment this gentleman has been Superintendent 
of the undertaking department for years, feels that 
in him he has his ablest coadjutor. He was born 
in Durhamville, N. V.. July 2.">. 184 1. and his par- 
ents. Arial and Julia Ann (Morse) Frazee, were 
both native- of New York, who came to Michigan 
in I860, settling in Ypsilanti. 

The father of our subject had command of a 
trade as mechanic, and was formerly a salt manu- 
facturer of Syracuse, N. Y., where he owned two 
salt blocks. He died at East Saginaw some eight 
years ago. The son had learned the carpenter's 
trade with his father, and worked at it until he 
was twenty-five years old. He had come to Sagi- 
naw City in 1HH2, and here he worked at his 
trade for seven year- jobbing with his father. In 
L869 he took up undertaking in connection with 
Adam Haiste, under the firm name of Haisle it 
Frazee, doing business on the east side of Saginaw 
for some two year-, at the end of which time the 
partner-hip wa- dissolved. 

Mr. Frazee continued business on the West side 
by himself for two year,-, and then removed to 
Monroe. Mich., where he carried on an undertak- 
ing establishment four years, and then returned 
to Saginaw and conducted business for C. L. 
Benjamin for one year. He was then proffered 
his presenl position with the firm of Harvey & 
Coleman, and after Mr. Harvey retired he con- 
tinued with Mr. Coleman, and he has had charge 
of that branch of the business ever since. He wives 
stiict attention to business and has two assistants 
to help him in conducting affairs. 



Our subject was married November 3, 1866, to 
Miss Abbie McDonald, of Midland County, and 
their children are as follows: Lottie, Hattie, Harry, 
Cora, Jennie, Fred and Lillie. All the children 
are still at home and Jennie is a student in the 
High School. The family residence is located at 
No. :!.'!."i North Weadock Street. Mrs. Frazee was 
horn at Kingston, Ontario, and i- a lady of more 
than ordinary social qualities and is highly es- 
teemed. .Mr. Frazee belongs to the Knights of 
Pythias and the Ancient Order of United Work- 
men, and is also identified with the Royal Arca- 
num and the Knights of the Maccabees. 

tractive millinery establishment located at 
i No. 10* Walnut Street. West Hay City, is 
owned and managed by this lady, whose 

inherent love of the beautiful is the secret of her 
success in business. A capable financier and 
possessing excellent judgment and good business 
qualifications, she i- capable of ably managing 
large interests, while her genial disposition has 
won a host of warm friends. As a consequence 
of the greal care she uses in the selection of stock, 
her establishment i- regarded as headquarters for 
tine millinery and she enjoys a large patronage of 
the ladies of the Saginaw Valley. Her business has 
steadily grown from its beginning and is still in- 
creasing, as her work gives universal satisfaction 
and her reliable methods have secured for her 
merited success. 

( >n her father's side. Miss Thompson i- the 
granddaughter of an old Revolutionary soldier, 
who was a farmer in New Hampshire and died in 
Grafton, Vt. In the last-named place her father, 
Horace, was born, and thence he removed to Ohio 
in 1839, where he was engaged in farming pur- 
suits. In his political belief lie was a strong 
Democrat and not only in local affairs, but also in 
all matters of general importance, he was well in- 
formed. His death occurred in October, 1881. In 

his early manh 1 he married Miss Lydia Gregory, 

who was born in Saratoga County. N. Y. and died 

in Ohio in September. l*7(i. She was a faithful 
member of the Methodist Church and possessed a 
noble character and high impulses. Her father 
was a successful farmer and one of the early set- 
tlers of Medina County, Ohio. 

Six children in the family grew to mature years. 
namely: Frances (Mrs. F. 1".. McCoy), who resides 
in Oklahoma; Mary, (Mrs. M. A. Lawson), whose 
home i- in Grafton, Ohio: Hiram, who enlisted 
during the late war in Company A. One Hundred 
and Twenty-fourth Ohio Infantry, and died in the 
hospital at Chattanooga, in 1863, when twenty 
year.- old; Maria (Mrs. Henry llolbrook). who re- 
sides in Saginaw County; Luther, whose home is 
in Oregon and Hattie L.. the subject of this sketch. 
She was reared on the old homestead where she 
was born in Lorain County, Ohio, near Elyria, ami 
rececived a common -scl I education in the dis- 
trict schools of that 'community. Until the death 
of her father she resided at home, after which she 
-tailed in business for herself in Elyria, Ohio, buy- 
ing a carefully -elected stock of millinery and 
fanc\ goods and remaining there successfully en- 
gaged in business until 1885, when -he came i" 
West Lay ( ity. 

Here Miss Thompson lir-t started in the millinen 
business a1 No. 607 Midland Street, but later re- 
moved to her present place, where she carries the 
largest stock of millinery and fancy goods of any 
establishment in the city. Her sympathies are 
with the cause of Prohibition, and she is a consist- 
ent member of tin- Methodisl Church when- she 
teaches in the Sunday-school and is a member of 
the Kpworth League. 


DAM FISHER. Tin- warm hearted neigh- 
bor, true friend and popular citizen i.- a 
(i Canadian by birth and now make- his 
home at Carrol ton. Saginaw County, where 
lie carrie- on a jobbing business at the shingle 
mills of C. M. Hill, lie was born in Norfolk 
County, Canada, April 21, is.! 7. and is a son of 
.lames Fisher, who wa- born near Ancaster, Canada, 
where he carried on the double vocation- of miller 



and cabinet maker; he also lumbered some. He 
was married to Miss ( liarity Misner, who be- 
came the mother of our subject. The father died 
:it the early ag< of forty-nine years leaving six 
sons and one daughter, the mother "a- also taken 
from these children s'.nn after, dying at the age of 
fifty-one. They were both religious in their lives 
and members of the Episcopal Church. 

Our subject attended school through his early 
years and learned hi- father's trade. For some 
elgbl years he was engaged in teaching and also 
entered upon the manufacture of potash and car- 
ried "ii a grocery store. He came in Michigan in 
i lu' fall of 1882 and took a position as foreman 
with I-;. Ii. Finney in his shingle mill.-, where ln- 
workcd for three years. In 1885 he began this en- 
gagement with .Mr. Hill, which ho ha- been pursu- 
ing ever since. 

The marriage of Mr. Fisher in 1858 united him 
with Margaret Marr, a uative of Canada, and to 
them have been horn one son and three daughters, 
namely: John, Linnie, Josephine and Nellie. All 
of these children arc now married and have estab- 
lished home- of their own. 

Mr. and Mrs. Fi.-her are and have been all their 
lives devout members of the Episcopal Church. 
< >ur subject has ever been attached to the princi- 
plesof the Republican party, yet is independent in 
the disposition of his ballot in regard to local 
issues, since 1889 he has been the Justice of the 
Peace here and has tilled that office to the advan- 
tage of the community and to his credit. 



OHN SHEPHERD. No more interesting 
man can be found in Saginaw Township, 
Saginaw County, than this old resident who 
^ may be characterized as a warm hearted. 
shrewd Englishman, whose practical common-sense 
and business push are enlivened by a strong vein 
of humor in his mental make-up. lie was born in 
Upwell, Cambridgeshire, England, April 5, 1826 
and his father William, and hi- grandfather, were 
both in service in a gentleman's family in Cam- 
bridgeshire, The father, who died thereat the age 

of forty-nine, married Mary Rolpb and -In' became 
the mother of six children: Elizabeth, William. 
Joseph, Thomas, John and Susan, the latter dying 
when quite young. Uoth parents were members of 
the Church of England, and the mother lived until 
she reached the age of -ixtv. Her father was a 
game keeper on the Townley estate. 

In his boyh 1 days. John Shepherd attended 

school and worked in a large garden in Cambridge- 
shire, but before coming to America in 1852 spenl 
throe years as apprentice to the painters' trade. 
During the long voyage of five week- ami two 
day- upon the ocean (which was shared li> seven 
hundred and twenty-one fellow-passengers) there 
occurred on board three deaths, two births and 
one suicide. 

After working for one summer at Lockport, 
N. V.. and passing on to Cleveland, Ohio, where he 
followed painting as a trade. Mr. Shepherd came 
to Michigan in 1857 and at once soughl Saginaw 
of which he bad heard much. At first sight he was 
so disappointed with what he styled "a one horse 
town" that he almost decided to return to Cleve- 
land but wa- induced to stay by Judge Williams. 
an early settler. who pointed out to him the brighl 
prospects of the town, the cheapness of lots and the 
facilities for building and promised to help him 
find employ ment. 

During bis stay in the city, which continued un- 
til 1866, the young man followed his trade and 
then located upon the farm two miles out of town. 
He has seen East Saginaw grow from a village ton 
city of thirty-five thousand inhabitants and is aide 
to relate some rather humorous incident- growing 
out of the ill feeling between the Easl and Wesl 
Sides of the city engendered by the starting of the 
former town in apparent rivalry to the latter. Upon 
the wall- of the plea.-ant home which Mr. Shepherd 
built in 1876 i- a drawing made by his son of the 
first home, a board shanty surrounded by trees 
and stumps. The road wa- then a mere trail and 
in order to clear fifteen acre- of land he took out 
seven hundred stumps. 

Our subject was first married in England, 
in December. 1850 to Elizabeth Trotman. She de- 
parted this life September 2 I. 1851, and wa- the 
mother of one child who (lied young. Mr. Shepherd 



was again married March 1, 1855, to Sarah Wallis, 
who was horn in Sackett V 1 [arbor, Jefferson County, 
N. V., where her father was a farmer and cooper. 
Mr. Wallis settled at Cleveland, Ohio in 1832 and 
three years later at Springfield, Ohio, where he re- 
sided for six years and then made his home al 
Solon, the same State, and here died at the age of 
fifty-four while his wife lived to be eighty years 
old. Their four children were, Charles II.. Elizabeth 
.1. (deeeased). Minnie, (Mrs. McLeon) and Wallis. 
Our subject had one hundred acres of land but 
he has sold and given to his children until he now 
has only forty acres, lie has handled farm imple- 
ments to some extent for the past ten years and 
now sells the Butler Windmill, the D. S. Morgan & 
Co. binders, mowers, spading harrows, etc.. and 
sells implements for the Patrons of Industry, lie 
was for many years a Republican in his political 
views but is now an Independent in politics. 

^-*^**A^a«3< • 

ylLLIAM WHIPPLE. Step by step Mr. 
Whipple worked his way until hi> worldly 
affairs at the time of his death were on a 
substantial basis, and he was numbered among the 
well-to-do citizens of Hay County. While advanc- 
ing his financial interests he by no means neglected 
the better things in life, but discharged in an able 
manner the duties of citizenship and helped to 
elevate the intellectual and moral status of the 
section in which he made his home. lie was the 

owner and proprietor of a well-appointed farm, 
situated on section 3, Portsmouth Township, from 
the fertile sod of thi> place, comprising seventy -one 
acres, large harvests are gathered and the estate 
is considered to be one of the best improved in the 
community. A view of this place is presented in 
another portion of the Rkcord. 

While a small child, Mr. Whipple was doubly 
orphaned by the death of his parents, who were 
natives of Orange County, N. Y.. and who earh 
settled in Madison County, the same State. In the 
last-m ntioned place the subject of this sketch was 
born October 1, 1820, and was still quite young 
when he was forced to make his own way in the 

world on account of the death of his father and 
mother. He soon acquired that self-reliance which 
characterizes those who in youth commence to 
battle with adverse circumstances. He remained 
in Madison County until 1857, in the meantime 
growing to a sturdy manhood and taking \i\> p 
among the representative citizens of the county. 

Not feeling satisfied to make his home perma- 
nently in New York. Mr. Whipple resolved toseek 
the growing West and there establish a home. 
Coming to Genesee County. Mich., in 1^57, he 
engaged in lumbering, but after a short sojourn 
there came thence to Bay County in I860, and 
followed milling about ten year-. His business 
grew from the first, and his reliable dealings gained 
the good will of his fellow-citizens. The place 
upon which he resided until death was purchased 
by him in 1*70. but he did not locate upon it im- 
mediately after its purchase. His home continued 
to be in Bay City until lK,s:i, when he located on 
the farm and afterward engaged in a general tann- 
ing business. 

The marriage of Mr. Whipple and Miss Char- 
lotte Hill was solemnized in 1842 and unto them 
was born one son. Hiram, who died in Oregon, 
leaving a wife and two daughters. Mrs. Whipple 
died about twoyears alter the marriage, and Mr. 
Whipple subsequently was united with Miss Mi- 
nerva Green, of Genesee County. This "estimable 
lady is highly esteemed in the community in which 
she resides, and is a devoted wife and a tender 
mother. four children were bom to Mr. and Mrs. 
Whipple, of whom two are still living — Clayton 
B. and Fred C, who arc still at home and in at- 
tendance at the I n tenia t ion a 1 Business ( lollege i ■ 
Bay City. 

In his social relations Mr. Whipple wasidentitied 
with the Masonic fraternity. In Portsmouth 
Township he became well known as an active 
farmer and energetic citizen, whose services in be- 
half of the community were ever willingly offered. 
In politics he was a stanch Republican and never 
failed to use every opportunity of casting his vote 
for the condidates of that party. His fellow-citi- 
zens realizing hi* fitness for office, called him to 
lill several positions within their gift, and the du- 
ties of these offices be discharged to the besl of his 




ability and to the general satisfaction, rn educa- 
tional matters his interest was great,and as a mem- 
ber i f the School Board for eighl years prior to 
his demise he did much effective work in the way 
<>f securing capable instructors. Beside the farm 
upon which be resided, In- owned fort}' acres, lo- 
cated in Saginaw Township. 


HRIS [I. UEBERROTH is the senior mem- 
ber of the firm of Ueberroth a- Co., of Day 
/ City, prominent dealers in crockery, glass - 
wave, china, wall-paper and art goods. The busi- 
ness is carried on in the Ueberroth .V- Co. block 
at No. 816 North Washington Avenue. This 
fine brick structure, a view of which appears on 
another page, consists of three stories and a 
basement and is 25x100 feet in dimensions, hav- 
ing a glass front and stone trimmings. It is one 
of the finest stores in the city and is adjacent 
to two other splendid structures. The firm occu- 
pies the whole of the building and their goods are 
so arranged as to attract the eye of everj visitor. 
Thc\ keep in their employ eighl clerks and con- 
duct a lucrative and increasing trade. 

The subject of this sketch was horn in Bay City, 
December 15, 1856, and is a son of Leonard and 
Mary (liemhart) Ueberroth. The father, one of 
the early settlers of the city,came here direct from 
Gi any in 1853. Our subject received his early 
school education ill Bay City and in his youth 
began clerking with Frank Crandall, dealer in toys 

and !anc\ goods. Later he was with White & 
Davenport in the crockery business and remained 
with their successor, A. IS. Griswold, until he en- 
tered the employ of G. R. Fox. lie was engaged 
with the host-named gentleman until August, 1884, 
when he formed a partnership with Frank King 
under the firm name of King & Ueberroth, their 
first location heme- on Center Street. 

The firm opened up a good sized store bul con- 
tinued in partnership only six months when our 
subject took with him W . E. Sec. Thai connec- 
tion continued until 1889, when Mr. See went out 
and II. (. Moultht'Op look a partnership which 

continues until the present time, lie his indus- 
trious and persistent habits Mr. Ueberroth has at- 
tained hi- prominent position as one of the leading 

men in the business circles of the city and now 
devotes hi- whole attention to his line of business. 
enjoying a large trade throughout the State. 

WILLIAM MORIN, the genial proprietor cf 
of the Morin House, is one of the repre- 
sentative Frenchmen of West Bay City. 
He was born in Quebec, Canada. September 14. 
1840, and is the son of Peter Morin, a native of 
France. The father of our subject being an agri- 
culturist. William was reared to perform many of 
the duties pertaining to a farmer's boy and re- 
mained under the parental roof until fourteen 
years of age when be came to the stales and worked 
for eight years in the wood- of Maine. He then 
returned home, remaining there for one year and 
early in 1867 came to West Bay City. 

William Morin was married November 2, 1868, 
to Miss Grace St. Lawrence, of Bay City. The 

next year he established in business as "mine host" 
in Bay City and four years later erected bis pres- 
ent hotel, which is now the leading one in the 
city. lie has made this city his home since first 
locating here and in liis business has been more 
than ordinarily successful, being one of those 
whole-souled, genial men who make friends of all 
who meet them. 

Our subject was the Originator of the summer 
resort at Bellevue, Mich., but sold his interest toS. 
O. Fisher and it has since been known as Winona 
Beach. Mr. Morin ha- been honored for twe 
years with the office of Alderman of the First 

Ward and al the present time. (January. 1892) is 
a member of the Board of Public Works. In re- 
ligious matters he is a member of the si. Mary's 
( atholic Church, being one of the earliest members 
of 1 1 1 .- 1 1 hi m 1 \ in Bay ( 'itv. 

To Mr. and Mr-. Morin have been granted a 
family of thirteen children, six of whom are living, 
and who bear the respective names of Louisa, 



Flemming, Eva, Bella, Adele and Minnie. Louisa 
is the wife of Louis Eric and is the mother of one 
child, Blanche. Mr. and Mrs. Morin arc the cen- 
ter of a true and genuine hospitality and use their 
influence in every way for the upbuilding of so- 
ciety and the forwarding of the interests of mor- 
ality and religion. Mr. .Morin served three years 
in Company G, Fifteenth Regiment [nfantry, of 
Maine, under < ten. Banks. 

■ . *& * >■ y5 g> 

SCAR M. PAUSCH. The progress of a city 
depends upon the enterprise of its citizens, 
and the present high standing of Saginaw 
has been secured by the tireless exertions of its 
business men. Various avenues to success have 
opened to those who have sought homes in the 
Valley and few who have judiciously used their 
mental faculties, have failed to become prosperous 
Conspicuous among the establishments of Last 
Saginaw is the studio of Mr. I'ansch. in which can 
be obtained elegantly finished pictures, varying 
from the smallest card photograph to a life-size 
portrait. Although he has resided here for a brief 

period only, Mr. Pausch has become known as a 
stirring business man and a successful photogra- 

The only surviving son of Frederick and Aga- 
ihe (Dressell) Pausch, our subject was horn in 
Thuringia, Germany, April 23, ls.H'>. and is one of 
six children — four daughters and two sons. The 
father was actively engaged in business as a mill- 
wright in the Fatherland and was a man of un- 
flinching integrity and many honorable traits of 
character. The school days ot Oscar M. were 
passed in Germany and he acquired a good com- 
mon-school education prior tO the age of fourteen 
years. lie then commenced to learn the art of 
photography and served an apprenticeship at thai 
business until he was more than sixteen years old. 

I la\ ing resolved upon coming to the I baited states, 
to establish a home and seek a fortune, lie left his 
native country in 1872 and crossing the Atlantic, 
settled in New York. After a short sojourn there, 
he proceeded westward to Columbus, Ohio, and 
from there to Granville, the same State, 

Returning to Columbus, Mr. Pausch spent 
eighteen months in that city, and from there re- 
moved to Ft. Wayne, Ind., where he remained 
fourteen months. Altera sojourn of six months 
in Chicago, he came to Fast Saginaw in 1880, not. 
however, to remain here permanently at that time. 
We next find him in Detroit and after seven 
months there, in Newark, Ohio, where he was en- 
gaged as a photographer for seven years. The 
year 1890 marked his second arrival in this city, 
where he has since resided. He bought out 1 ). 
Angell and in January, IW'2, litted up what is 
now the finest and best arranged Photo Art Gal- 
lery in Saginaw, located at 1 1 1-1 111 North Frank- 
lin Street, and he has introduced all the improved 
instruments and methods which enable him tocon- 
duct a successful business. 

In 1880 Mr. Pausch was married to Miss Adea 
.lone-, of Granville, Ohio, the daughter of John 
D. and Elizabeth JoniS. Three children have 
been born of the union — Olga, Oliver and Virgil. 
In his social connections. Mr. Pausch is a member 
of the Masonic fraternity and was identified with 
the Grand Lodge of Ohio, from which he was de- 
milted, lie also belongs to Wolverine Lodge, No. 
94, K. of P., and the Central Council. No. 29. 
Royal Arcanum. I lis residence is pleasantly lo- 
cated at No. 135 Molt Street, and is the abode of 
a cultured and happy family. 


TTO 11. SEITZ. Among the prominent and 
influential fanners of Blumfield Township, 
Saginaw County, we are pleased to include 
the biographical sketch of Mr. Seitz who is resid- 
ing on section 15. The father of out subject was 
George Seitz, and his native place was Bavaria, 
Germany, the date of his birth being April, 1818. 
In I MIS he decided to try his fortunes in the New- 
World, and coming hither came directly to Michi- 
gan, settling in the Saginaw Valley. He made 
Blumfield Township his home in 1854, where he 
erected a sawmill, which he ran very successfully 
until 1869, when it was destroyed by lire. A few 



years later the elder Mr. Seitz erected the sawmill 
which at present stands on section 15, the home of 
our subject, and which is operated l>y Otto II. 

Our subject's mother was known in her maiden- 

1 d as Miss Caroline Kunz. who was born in 

Austria; she passed from this life March ■>'■'>. 1890, 
jusl one year previous to the death of her husband. 
his decease occurring February II. 1891. Mr. and 
Mrs. George Seitz became the parents of seven 
children, of whom our subject was the fourth in 
order of birth. Otto H. Seitz was born in Blum- 
field Township, December ."), 1859. Like other 
farmer lads, he received his education in the com- 
mon schools and was reared to perform many of 
the duties of farm life, which he has found to 
be very useful to him in following the life of an 
agriculturist. Our subject has made this township 
his I le from earliest boyhood, and is thus inter- 
ested in everything thai pertains to its welfare. 

Mr. Seitz was united in mairiage with Miss Eliza 
Krebs, in Blumfield Township, their nuptials being 
celebrated March 1. 1886. Mrs. Seitz is, like her 
husband, a uative of this township, her natal day 
having been October II. 1861. She is an estimable 
lady and i- iooked up to by all her neighbors. The 
father of Mrs. Seitz was Hugo Krebs, a native of 
Prussia, and her mother was Natalia Krebs, who 
was also born in the Fatherland. The parents are 
residing at the presenl time ( 1891 ) on section Hi. 
Blumfield Township. Their family numbered six 
children, of whom Mrs. Seitz was the eldest, and 
wa • thus reared to perform all those domestic 
duties which mark a good housekeeper. 

Mr. and Mrs. Seitz have two children — Elsie and 
Emma. Our subject assisted his father in running 
the farm and in operating the sawmill. In 1886, 
in company with his brother George, he purchased 
the mill ami firm and they continued in partner- 
ship in the op Tation of these interests until 1890, 
in November, when our subjeel boughl his brother's 
interesl and has since carried on the bu>ine.-s 
alone. The mill answers the double purpose of 
saw and grist mill. 

Our subject has been tin recipient of the offices 
of Township Treasurer, which position In occupied 
tor two years, also Township Clerk for the same 
Length of time. The Republican party in its 

declarations has embodied the political principles 
in which Mr. Seitz believes, and he casts his vote 
for the candidates ■>! that body. He and his wife 
are members of influence in the Lutheran Church, 
and are well liked by the people of their township, 
being always ready to enter into all good work.-. 





\.\n. P. ROBINSON. Prominent in agri- 
I cultural circles i> he whose name we have 
just given, whose beautiful farm is to be 
found on section 11. liuena Vista Town-hip. 
Saginaw County. Maine has sent many of her 
sons to Michigan, and invariably they have proved 
good citizens. Our subject was born in Carmel, 
Me.. .Inly 2H. 1851. He received his early training 
and education in Carmel ami was also trained to 
those duties pertaining to a farmer lad. 

In the spring of 1889 Mr. Robinson left his na- 
tive State and emigrated Westward, making his 
place of destination Saginaw. During his resi- 
dence here he wa- in the employ of Thomas Mer 
rill on a farm, remaining here for six years. At 
the expiration of that time, feeling that he would 
like to visit his relative- and friends in Maine, he 
returned to that state, but when desirous of mak- 
ing a permanent location. In' again returned i" 
Michigan and worked with his former employer 
for three months. By hard work and economy he 
was enabled to lay by a snug little sum and with 
it purchased his present faun in liuena Vista Town- 
ship, where he ha- -ince resided. It is under the 
most perfect cultivation and net- him a snug in- 

Mi-.- Johannah Weir became the wife of our 
subject, May 20, 1890, their marriage being cele- 
brated in Saginaw. Mrs. Robinson is a native of 

the Wolverine Stale, having been born here De- 
cember 29, 1870. she is the daughter of John and 
Margaret (Melloy) Weir, native- of Canada and 
Michigan respectively. The parents of our subjeel 
were Thomas and Sarah A. (Page) Robinson, na- 
tive- of the Pine Tree State. The father was a 
farmer, which occupation he followed in I armcl. 
The elder Mr. Robinson took quite an active part 



in all local affairs and was greatly esteemed by all 
who knew him. Our subject was the second in 
order of birth of a family of four children born to 
his parents. 

Mr. and Mrs. Robinson are prominent and 
active members of the Catholic Church. They 
have one son, Thomas. Mr. Robinson is a 
firm adherent of Democratic principles, casting 
his vote and influence in support of the success of 
the party. Our subject has served his fellow- 
townsmen by acting as Drainage Commissioner of 
his township, which office he held for two years. A 
genial and pleasant tempered man, Mr. Robinson is 
popular with all who know him. 



ADER TROMBLE. There is probably no 
man in Bay City who can more delight- 
fully entertain a company interested in 
the history of the pioneer days that the 
one whose name we have now given, lie settled 
in the unbroken woods, where Bay City now stands, 
in the early September of 1835, and is the oldesl 
settler now living here. In those days Indians and 
wild game abounded, and there was not another 
white settler in the neighborhood. 

This pioneer was born in Detroit, November L6, 
1813, which was also the birthplace of his father. 
The grandfather. Louis, was a native of France. 
His mother died when he wasyoung,and his father 
brought his three children to Quebec. When Louis 
was about fourteen years old his father married 
again, and after that the children were not happy 
at home. A body of fur traders, who were ascend- 
ing the St. Lawrence River and the Lakes, coaxed 
the Tromble children to accompany them, but 
upon reaching Detroit they concluded that they 
had done wrong to bring the children so far from 
home and left the sister with a family at Ft. De- 
troit, and she afterward married into the Revoir 

Louis Tromble and his brother were left with 
the Chippewa Indians, near Detroit, and after two 
years with them the lads built a little hut on Com- 

er's Creek, and there lived and supported them- 
selves until they were old enough to secure land 
claims from the English Government, which was 
then in possession of this section. They then 
obtained six eighty-acre tracts and began clearing 
and improving the land, and after awhile built a 
saw and grist-mill on the creek. They became men 
of wealth, and Louis, who was a Government con- 
tractor during the War of 1812, had the largesl 
and handsomest house in Detroit at that time. 
Louis had eighteen children, some of whom died 
while young, and his younger brother, Gennor. 
never married. 

Thomas Tromble received a thorough education 
in French in Detroit, and became the manager of 
his father's mills; later he engaged in farming and 
had two hundred acres of valuable land, lie took 
part in the War of 1812 and was in the fort when 
Hull surrendered the city. He was an officer and 
made of the stuff which never surrenders, and he 
picked up a dozen guns and made his escape 

through the hack of the fort to his solid log house, 

where he prepared for self-defense, lie was missed 
from the fort anil a brother officer was detailed to 
show the British the way to his house, which lie 
did. but declined to go any nearer, as he knew the 
Bghting qualities of the man they were seeking. 
Some of his friends afterward induced him to sur- 
render, and he was afterward court-martialed, hut 
as he hail so many friends he escaped without 
punishment, and died at the age of seventy-one. 
The mother of our subject was Alfriesen, daugh- 
ter of Louis Telin, who traced his ancestry hack t'i 
the crown of France, and was probably a I'm -I 
cousin to Louis Phillipe. He was horn in Fiance, 
and engaged in trading with the Indians and finally 
met his death at their hand-. Of Alfiiesen Trem- 
ble's fourteen children all grew to maturity; among 
that number our subject, who was.over six feet tall, 
was the smallest, of them all. He received a French 
education in Detroit and learned farming, taking 
charge of the estate, while his elder brothers en- 
gaged in trading with the Indians, lie and his 
brother Joseph bought a tract of land about one 
mile in length alone- the Saginaw River, where i> 
now the site of Bay City, and they were the first 
to locale on land of their own in this city. They 



built the first house, which was a block house, and 
kept the first store on the river :it this point, car- 
rying on a trade with the Indians. In 1836 they 
built the Center House, into which they soon 
moved. They traded with the Chippewas and 
spoke their language. The smallpox plague swept 
the Chippewas of this region from existence in 
1887, and about that time he closed his trading 
business, and later they lost their property here 
through trickery. 

After the Indians were swept off the game be- 
came very thick, and the Trombles devoted them- 
selves to tracking and hunting for furs, and later 
carried on fishing with a spear. Our subject speared 
in one-half night nine barrels of white fish, and 
these they shipped to Cleveland and found the 
business very lucrative. Mr. Tromble has dealt 
extensively in real estate and has platted several 
additions to the city, and still retains enough land 
to carry on farming within the city limits. He has 
built many houses and has done much to build up 
the city. The marriage of Mr. Tromble, in October, 
1*47, united him with Sarah McCormick, who was 
born in Albany, N. Y., and whose father. .lames, 
was an early settler on the Flint River. She died 
Octobei 22, l s k 7 . leaving eight children, seven of 
whom grew to maturity, namely: Frank; Mary, 
Mrs. Hose; Josie, Mrs. Greening; Fremont, a dealer 
in real estate and a contractor and builder; Daniel, 
a lumber inspector; Edward, a wholesale fish dealer 
and Eugenia, who resides at home. The daughters 
were all educated at St. Mary's at Monroe, this 
State. This venerable gentleman is a strong and 
conscientious Catholic, and a member of St. James 
Church. In his early days he was a Whig in pol- 
ties. but since 1K">1 he has been a Republican. 

EPHRA1M KIKEH. At the present time re- 
tired from active business life, the gentle- 
i man whose name heads this sketch has 

been one of its most enterprising merchants. 
being a dealer iii what was at one time the prin- 
cipal product and industry — that is, in fish. Mr. 
Riker was born in Caldwell Township, Essex 

County. N. .1., April 2, 1815. He is a son of 
Henry and Sarah (Wan Ness) Riker. His father 
was a farmer and of Holland-French descent. His 
mother was a representative of one of the most 
prominent of Holland-Dutch families; she died in 
New Jersey at an advanced age. 

The family of which our subject is one com- 
prised eight children, five of whom grew to years 
of maturity; of these Ephraim was the next to the 
youngest. The first eleven years of his life were 
devoted, as most boys, in absorbing both "astro- 
nomically and mentally, and in developing large 
talents for mischief. When eleven years old he 
went to New York City and entered a grocery as 
clerk. He remained there for two years, when he 
returned to Essex County, and when fifteen years 
of age was apprenticed to learn the mason's trade 
at Newark. He was in training for three years, 
and then served as a journeyman in New York 
City. He helped to build several of the large 
brick structures on Eighth Avenue and around 
Washington Square. 

Mr. Riker went to Ohio in 1X34, and located in 
Erie County. He was for a short time engaged in 
fanning, but later devoted himself to his trade, 
taking large contracts. He also went into Missis- 
sippi and built several large buildings at Pitts- 
burg. Armed with a letter of introduction to 
Gov. Brown, of Mississippi, with his recognition 
and aid he was enabled to secure the contract to 
build the first theatre in Yicksburg. lie spent 
eighteen months in that State and then returned 
to Ohio, where he engaged in the grocery and 
produce business, having in connection with this 
wholesale fish. In 1851 he located in Toledo and 
dealt in a wholesale manner in fish, and retailed 
groceries. These interests were conducted most 

Mr. Riker built the first tug ever used for fish- 
ing purposes on Fake Erie. In I HI!.", he came to 
.Michigan and settled in East, Saginaw, and in 
1867 he came to Bay City and at once engaged in 
the fishing business. From Bay City he removed 
his store to Au Sable and for one year was engaged 
in the grocery business there, and then returned 
to thi> place. The first location of his business 
was on Water Street. Using small sailboats, he fished 



in Lake Huron anil bought and sold in a whole- 
sale way. his place of business being located on tin- 
Flint & Pere Marquette Railroad. He used to ship 
his catches to Cincinnati, Buffalo and Louisville, 
and probably exported more pounds of lish tha"o 
any other man at that time. He also packed con- 
siderable fish and at the same time with that large 
amount of business did his own corresponding, 
collecting and bookkeeping. In 1889 he retired 
from active business, having pursued his fishing 
tor forty years, lie was the first >liit>p<r line who 
shipped to the trade and for a number ot years 
conducted the most extensive business in this line 
in the city. 

Our subject i> the owner of three hundred acres 
of land extending one and one-half miles on the 
lake front. He was the original purchaser of Point 
Lookout and became it- possessor when it was 
very wild. He conceived the idea of converting 
it into a resort, taking a suggestion from Capt. 
Holt. The tirst improvements placed here were 
the building of a doelc. a tavern and a hotel. He 
then built the large hotel on the point and all 
these improvements stand there at the pre ent 
time. He also built sixteen cottages,and for some 
time it was a great success. He later sold it most 

Mr. Riker owns a very line brick residence at 
No. 2D4 Madison Street, and another line place on 
Jefferson Street, besides other valuable property. 
He now occupies himself in looking after his 
loans ami collections. Aside from the property 
mentioned, our subjeel owned Charity Island. No. 
2. located six miles out in Saginaw Bay and 
thirty-live miles from Bay City. This he used for 
fishing purposes; and it has been to him a valuable 
piece of property. 

Mr. Piker was first married in New York City. 
January 31, 1834, to .Miss Sarah A. Miller. a native 
of Orange County. X. Y. The fruits of tin- union 
were the following children: Mary .1.. Mrs. Lull, 
of Indianapolis; Henry, who was a sailor; Isaac 
II.. who died in Cass County; Ephraim s.. who re- 
sides in Indianapolis; Samuel M. i> a Cincinnati 
lish and oyster dealer: Philip, who died in Louis- 
ville, Ky., and Charles, of Lay City. Mrs. Sarah 
Riker died in October. 1864, and our subject again 

married, the lady of his choic< being Henrietta F. 
Denhain, who was born near Bangor, Yt. While 
a resident, of Ohio our subject was greatly inter- 
ested in polities. His interest since coming here 
has been quiescent. Socially he is a member of 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and a 
Mason, lie was also a member of the National 
Fish Association. He for years has been a most 
consistent Republican, upholding the party in its 
platform and theories. 

ENRY A. MANWKLL. who i- the owner of 

■ a handsome farm of eighty acres on section 

■Wf 25,Tittabawassee Township, Saginaw Coun- 

4|),' ly. bought this tract of land in its wild 
condition and built upon it tirst a log' but. which 
he lived in until 1880. lie now has the whole 
farm in an excellent condition and with all im- 
provements, including good farm buildings', lb' 
is the son of Amos and Eliza (Waddell) Manwell, 
and his lather is a native of Pennsylvania and his 
motherof Scotland. They came to Michigan when 
it was a Territory and located in St. Joseph County 
and there the subjeel of this sketch was bom. Jan- 
uary 29. 1838. 

Our subject had hi- early training and education 
upon a farm and as his father died when Henry 
was lint an infant, the mother moved to Canada 
with her six children whom -he managed to -up- 
port h\ her own labor in spinning and weaving, 
and at the same time gave them the advantages of 
a fair education. 

At the age of twenty the young man returned 
to Saginaw and worked in the lumber woods until 
January 21. 1864, when he enlisted in Company 
1). Sixteenth Michigan Infantry "for three year- or 
the war." This regiment was attached to the Army 
of the Potomac and -cut on at once to the Rappa- 
hannock Valley where they participated in the 
engagement- of the Wilderness being under tire for 
twenty six consecutive days, and having men in 
the -hilled and missing" column daily. 

Through all this terrible time of conflict our 
young hero was so fortunate as to escape without 



a scratch and lie narrates a humorous incident of 
liis first detail on skirmish line. As he had not 
had much experience in drilling he made a mistake 
in taking the command right dress for left dress 
and breaking the skirmish line he advanced through 
the brush and came mi to an officer whom he took 
to In- the sergeant of Company A, and therefore 
did imi shoot. In a few seconds the officer gave 
the command "Attention Company" when he 
found he was in the rebel lines with a company of 
rebels not twenty feet away. lie beat a hasty re- 
treat and ran into another company of rebels. 
which when he discovered he started in a third 
direction receiving a volley of shots from both 
companies, but none hit him, excepL one bullet 
which cut the tent cloth from his back and another 
bullet knocked off the heel of hi* boot, and he re- 
turned to his own lines in safety, lie thinks he 
iiiiim have outrun the bullets foi more than fifty 
shots were tired. 

After the battle of the Wilderness his regimenl 
went with Grant to Petersburg and he was taken 
sick and was in hospital some time, but rejoined 
his regiment before the surrender of Appomattax 
and participated in the Grand Review in 1865, re- 
ceiving his honorable discharge at Jeffersonville, 
Ind.. July 8, 1865, and being sent from there to 
Detroit, then returned to hi- home. 

The first marriage of Mr. Manwell took place in 
1861 and united him with Tracy Russell who died 
in December. 1862, ami in 1864 he was married to 
Betsey Turner and five days later he marched away 
to battle, leaving his bride to watch for his return. 
This union was blessed by the birth of two daugh- 
ters: Matilda, born May 31, 1867, who married 
Charles Braley and died in August, 1891, leaving 
two children, and Emma, born August II, 1870, 
who is now the wife of ( '. Fetzer, of Saginaw. 
The mother of these daughters passed from this 
life in February, 18*1. 

The present Mrs. Manwell became the wife of 
our subject February 3, 1884, and she was before 
this event Mrs. Julia McKellar, widow of Duncan 
McKellar, and the mother of mx children: Phoebe 
J., born October 2. 1870; Effie C, May 9, 1*73; 
Mary ('.. August 8, 1*7."»; Willie A.. October II. 
l«7x; Albert A., May 24, 1881; and Maggie, July 

12. 1883. By her union with Mr. .Manwell she has 
had three children. John A., born August 27. 1886; 
Phil Ray, January 31, 1890; and Mabel, Septem- 
ber 18, 1891. 

In political matters our >ubject is independent, 
preferring to be guided by his own judgment rathe i 
than by party leaders and he votes for the man 
and the measure which his conscience i udorses. He 
is a member of the J. N. Penoyer Post, No. 90, G. 
A. 1!.. and is honorably upon the pension rolls al 
$12 a month, lie started in life without a dollar 
but with good health and willing hands has made 
a success of life. 


III ))) (he Fifth Ward of Wesl Bay City, where he 

V_/ has been a resident since the fall of 1865, 

keeps a sample room al No. Ill Linn street, lie 
was bom in Bavaria, Germany, July 5, 1 x -"» 1 and 

is a son of Karl Ilutschenreutlier. also a native of 
the Fathenand and where the grandfather, John 
J., was born. The last-named gentleman was a 
manufacturer of chinaware in Germany and was 
one of the wealthiest and most prominent citizens 
of his community. He had been given an excel- 
lent education, being a graduate of the Erlangen 
College. He died in the Fatherland, in 1858. 

The father of our subject also followed the oc- 
cupation of a manufacturer of china and was well- 
to-do in this world's goods, lie died when forty- 
five years of age in Germany, in 1859. His wife, 
the mother of our subject, was .Mrs. Kathinka (Al- 
bright) Ilutschcnrcuthcr and was born in Coburg, 
Saxony. She was the daughter of J. A. Albright, 
who was an Elder in the Lutheran Church, lie 
was court priest of the Grand Duchy of Saxe 
Coburg for three years, or until his death, which 
occurred in 1859. He had received a classical edu- 
cation and was a man of prominence in his native 
land. The mother of our subject came to America 
with her son Oscar, in 1865, and is at present 
making her home with him, being seventy-two 
years of age. 

The gentleman of whom this sketch is written 



was the oldest but one in a family of five children 
born to his parents, three of whom are now living. 
He was an only son and is said to be the only man 
in the world bearing the name of Hutschenrcuther. 
He received a fine education in Germany, attend- 
ing school until fourteen years of age. In 1865 
his mother desiring to come to America, they left 
Bremerhaven on the steamer •• Herman " and after 
a voyage of sixteen days landed in New York, 
and thence came directly to the Wolverine State 
and located for a few months in Detroit, in 
November, of that same year they came to Lake 
City, now Bay City, and our subject attended 
night school for three winters and thus became 
familiar with the English language. 

Soon after locating in Hay City Mr. Hutschen- 
reuther entered the employ of Miller Bros., learn- 
ing the butcher's trade and remained with them 
for three years when he began working in the 
Sage's saw-mill and for ten years was in the em- 
ploy of that company. At the expiration of that 
time he engaged to work for George Kolb, St.. un- 
til 18X(>. when he Started the sample room at the 
corner of Washington and Seventh Streets, and 
later, July 1, 1891, removed to his present location 
at No. 1 1 1 Linn Street. 

The gentleman of whom we write was united in 
marriage in Bay City, June 30, 1X74. to Miss Eliza- 
beth Rauschert who was born at Three Oaks, this 
State, April 23, 1857. She is the daughter of 
Henry Rauschert, a farmer in Saginaw County, 
Mich. Our subject and his wife have become the 
parents of four children, namely: George, Emil, 
Louis and Annie. The\ have a pleasant home in 
the Fifth Ward and are people greatly esteemed 
in the community. 

In 1KX7 our subject was elected Alderman of 
the Fifth Ward on the Democratic ticket and so 
well did he fulfill the duties of that position that 
in 1889 he was re-elected and again in 1891. lie 
lias been Chairman on many committees of import- 
ance and has given entire satisfaction to his 
constituents. In politics he is a firm adherent to 
Democratic principles and has represented his party 
as a delegate to count}' and State conventions. He 
is at the present time a member of the Bay County 
Democratic Committee and is a member of the 

City Committee. Socially he is an Odd Fellow, 
and is Treasurer of the Arbeitcr Society, and of 
the Knights of the Maccabees. In 1885-86 All. 
Hutschenreuther visited his relatives and friends 
in his native land, spending six months there 
renewing his acquaintance with the scenes of his 
early life. He is a man of enterprise mid push in 
his community and is in favor of all movements 
which will benefit the county. 

FORGE A. CORNWELL is one of the 
prominent grocers of Lay City and is lo- 
cated at No. 522 North Washington Ave- 
nue, where he has been in business foi the pasl 
twelve years under the firm name of J. A. Corn- 
well & Son, our subjeel being the active member 
of tlie linn and the general manager. He was born 
in Port Burwell, Ontario, December 12, 1861, and 
is a son of Daniel and Jemima A. (Carpenterj 

( 'or 11 Well. 

The father ('•■line to this city in 1870 and en- 
gaged in the mercantile business here being located 
al the corner of Third and Monroe Streets for 
some seven years, after which he removed to the 

present location, continuing in active business up 

to the time of his death, which occurred December 

24, 1890. He left a widow ami four children, 

namely: Ada. our subject, Charles, and Nettie. 
Charles is now in business in the city where he is 
engaged with the Universal Credit agency. 

The father had built up a large trade here as he 
had given bis whole attention to the business. He 
was horn at Digby, Nova Scotia, in 1818, and 
there received his education,'bu1 removed to On- 
tario in 1857 where he married Miss Jemima, 
daughter of Charles Carpenter. After coming to 
this city he built a home at the corner of Tenth 
and Van Buren Streets, which is still the family 
residence. He was a devoul member of the Madi- 
son Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church and one 

of the highly respected business men of the city. 

Our subject was educated in the public and 
High Schools of the city, after which he learned 

W3£ fsSs&iSI 

,J ***WJ 




bhe business with his father, subsequently spend- 
ing nearly three years in the music store of 
(i. E. Van Sickle. lie entered into partnership 
with his father in 1878 and they continued to- 
gether until the death of that parent, after which 
the son took the entire charge of the business. lie 
now has one of the largest and most desirable en- 
terprises of Bay City and occupies a store 25x100 
feet, using two floors and employing three men. 

Mr. Cornwell was married January 7. 1888, to 
Miss Jennie Fitch, of Bay City, whose father, 
Henry Fitch, was a former resident of Welland, 
Ontario. One child has come to bless this home, a 
little son, Charles A. Our subject is a member of 
Joppa Lodge, F. & A. M., and is also connected 
with the Knights of the Maccabees. He is a de- 
vout member of the Methodist Episcopal Church 
on Madison Avenue, and in politics is a straight 
Republican. He is a man most highly spoken of 
by his neighbors as worthy of esteem for both 
character and ability. 



popular or genial man is to lie found in 
Saginaw than he whose name we here quote 
^Jj and whose portrait appears on the opposite 
page. Not only is he admired by the rich and 
fortunate but by the young, needy and those who 
are struggling for recognition. He has always 
been a wonderfully active and vigorous man, and 
possesses a fund o! interesting reminiscences of the 
early days of Saginaw Valley. He takes greater 
pride in the Saginaw of to-day, and has not only 
witnessed, but has assisted in every change that 
has worked this wonderful transformation. From 
seeing the swarthy Saghe-nak shoot his canoe across 
the turbulent waters of the Tittabawassee when the 
entire country was a wilderness, he now beholds 
with pride Hie valley occupied by an intelligent 
population of more than one hundred thousand 
souls, and numberless smokestacks tell the story of 
the civilization and commercial enterprise to be 
found here. There is scarcely an enterprise tend- 
ing to the advancement of the interests of this lo- 

cality but has found in Mr. Grant a firm friend 
and supporter. 

Charles Wesley Grant was horn March 15, 1X1*. 
at Smithville, Chenango County, N. Y., and is a 
son of Charles and Margaret (Hines) Grant. His 
father, who was a native of Colerain, Mass., and 
born in 1794, served in the War of 1812, holding 
the office of Captain at the battle of Sackett's 
Harbor. He attained to the age of ninety-two 
years and passed away in Clinton County, Mich., 
where he had lived for fifty years. Great-grand- 
father Grant was a native of Scotland and Dr. 
Isaac Grant, grandfather of our subject, served as 
a soldier in the Revolutionary War. 

Our subject came to Michigan in 1839, and lo- 
cated first in Ionia, where he settled in the timber, 
and ran a sawmill for some time. In 1840 he re- 
moved to Flushing and was employed in a shingle 
mill, thence going to Flint where he ran a mill for 
eight years. He came to Saginaw County in the 
spring of 1X41). At that time there was no railroad 
or plank road and he came in a skiff down the 
Flint River, with the late George R. Cummings, 
Esq. Mr. Grant built a lathe and siding mill and 
put in the first circular saw ever used in the valley. 
In 1850 lie came to Saginaw and in company 
with Alfred M. Iloyt built the first mill erected 
here. He also erected for himself the first dwelling 
in Iloyt's Plat. 

The first township meeting was held in East 
Saginaw in April, 1850, in the Emerson House, and 
Mr. Grant was one of the seventeen voters who 
organized the township of Buena Vista, which then 
included Spaulding and Blumfield Townships. At 
that time he was elected Township Clerk and 
Commissioner of Highways. He served as Super- 
visor and in several other local offices and was 
then, as he has ever been, a stanch Republican. 
With his business as a lumber dealer and the numer- 
ous demands upon his time in organization he was 
kept very busy. In 1858 he bought a mill at 
Lower Saginaw (now Bay City), but four years 
afterward the mill was burned. In 1876 Mr. Grant 
formed a partnership in lumbering and has since 
carried on a large business. He has been operating 
a mill at Carrollton, where he manufactures fifteen 
thousand and fort3'-seven barrels of salt per year 



and in 1890 he manufactured a large amount of 
staves, headings, lath, etc. 

Mr. Grant came to Saginaw poor in purse but 
rich in energy and courage. Having satisfied his 
taste for public office he turned his attention to 
lumbering, in which he has been very successful. 
By the exercise of his building talent, which is of 
high order, he has established an enviable credit 
and amassed an ample fortune. lie is an example 
of that sturdy advance in wealth and social stand- 
ing that is achieved usually without difficulty by 
a young man of good habits, who is persevering 
and industrious. Mr. Grant liasa palatial residence 
on the "James Riley reservation," and here he 
lives in the full enjoyment of his well-earned com- 
petency, and dispenses an elegant hospitality. 

iP^a FA'MOUR HILL, the-highly respected ex- 
^W# Clerk of Bridgeport Township, Saginaw 
IvL/^J' County is a native of Genesee County, 
N. Y., and was born May 81, 1834 and is 
descended from New England parents as his father. 
John Hill, was born in New Hampshire and his 
mother, whose maiden name was Harriet Fenton, 
was a native of the Green Mountain State. 

This couple leraoved with their children to Gen- 
esee County, this State, about the year 1846 and 
settling in the woods became true pioneers. The 
father lived until 1876 when his life ended in Flint 
and his good wife survived him for three years. 
They were the parents of six children, of whom 
only two survived, our subject and his sister Rosa- 
linda, now the widow of Jonathan Coomer. 

Amid the pioneer scenes of Cencsee Count \ our 
subject grew to the years of maturity and his edu 
ealioii was such as could be obtained in flu dis 
trict schools as they were in that day. His ad van 
tages were not broad and it is only through a per- 
sistent course of reading that he has become the 
man of intelligence which lie is today. 

This young man was one of the first to respond 
to the call of President Lincoln for men to help 
maintain with the gun the honor of the tlag. Ik- 
enlisted in August, 1861, in Company G. Eighth 

Michigan Infantry and his service was mostly in 
South Carolina under the command of Gen. Sher- 
man, lie received his honorable discharge in 1863 
after which he returned to Michigan and the fol- 
lowing year he took up his residence in this county 
and settled upon his present farm in 1891. Here 
he has forty acies in a finestate of cultivation. 

.Mr. Hill's business for a number of years past 
has been in connection with the lumbering in- 
terests.' and in the way of contracting, and he 
has shown himself enterprising in his own 
affairs and public spirited in efforts to promote the 
general welfare and the true advancement of the 

In political matters. Mr. Hill has always been in- 
clined to adopt the principles of the party which 
was so strong a support to the adminstration 
during the Civil War and without tin' help of 
which even so strong a leader as Abraham Lincoln 
might have faltered. While he is not a wire 
puller or office seeker he is earnestly solicitious for 
the welfare and prosperity of the party with which 
he has cast his lot and ever willing to use his vote 
and influence for its progress. He has served as 
Clerk and Treasurer of Bridgeport and in public 
as in business l,fe he has earned the confidence of 
the community. 


OL. TIIO.MASSAYLOR. Amongthe prom- 
inent and representative citizens and active 
Republicans of Saginaw County, we take 
pleasure in presenting Col. Saylor, of Bridgeport 
Township, formerly of Fast Saginaw, who was 
born in Philadelphia. July 24, 1831. He is a son 
of Thomas and Hannah Savior and his father was 
a native of Pennsylvania. 

Our subject was reared to the years of his ma- 
jority in the city of Brotherly Love and at the 
age of sixteen began learning the trade of a saw- 
maker, serving an apprenticeship of live years and 
following the trade up to the time he entered the 
army. At the age of twenty-one he went to New 
York City and lived there for a time. His early 
educational advantages had been obtained in the 
public scl Is. 



It was in September, 1861, that this young man 
joined the United states Army as Captain of the 
Third Michigan Cavalry and through most of his 
military career he was with the Army of the Cum- 
berland under Gens. Sherman, Grant, Sheridan, 
and Thomas. He took part in the conflicts of 
New Madrid, Island No. 10, the siege of Corinth, 
Iuka and Hatch ie and was also with Grant in that 
long siege before Vicksburg at the time when that 
great general undertook to take it by land with- 
out any other help, lie was also in the battle of 
Murfreesboro and in that of Titllahoma and num- 
erous other engagements in Grant's various cam- 
paigns, as well as in those of Sherman, Sheridan, 
Rosecrans and Thomas. 

Capt. Savior was promoted to the rank of Major 
of the Third Cavalry. July 12, 1862, and was com- 
missioned as Colonel of the Twenty-ninth Michi- 
gan Infantry in July. 1864, serving as Colonel 
from that time until his discharge September 6 
1865, thus completing four years of brave service 
for his country. After returning home to Easl 
Saginaw he engaged in the manufacture of lumber 
in partnership with C. W.Grant, which connection 
continued for a decade. 

In 1K67 Col. Savior was appointed Register of 
the United States Land Office of the Saginaw dis- 
trict and there served for four years. For a like 
period of time he also served as Alderman of the 
Fourth Ward of Fast Saginaw and in l<s7."> he was 
appointed Postmaster of that office, and continued 
thus for eight years. Since that time he has been 
principally engaged in fanning in Bridgeport 
Township, and removed his family on to the farm 
in 1887. It is a splendid tract of over three hun- 
dred acres and upon it he has erected a handsome 
brick residence. 

It was in 1866 that this gentleman was married 
to Miss Sarah F.. daughter of Aaron K. and Maria 
L. (Romar) Penney, his wedding day being Dec- 
ember 10. This lady is a native of Sullivan County 
N. V., and in that State her parents were also horn 
They came to Saginaw County in 1849, being thus 
among the early settlers here. Her mother died 
in 18H4 but her father-till makes his home in East 

To Col. Saylor and his wife have been horn four 

children, three of wl are still living, Thomas A., 

Rose L., and Charles E., and the daughter who has 
passed on to the other life was named Grace. Coi. 
Saylor is a Republican in his political views and is 
identified with the Gordon Granger Post. No. 38 
<i. A. P. and also belongs to the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen and the Knights of the Macca- 
bees. When he first came to Saginaw County it 
was in 1858 and he is well-known throughout all 
this region. His tine rural home is noted for its 
hospitality and his genial nature makes friends not 
(inly among his neighbors hut with strangers. 

""■s^s c^o*n ^=^"« 

tleman of whom we write is aiding in the 
\ spread of the Gospel, devoting himself 
l ^Jwith assiduity and loving zeal to the work 
a- pastor of St. Lorenzo's German Lutheran 
Church. The center of his present Held of labor is 
Frankenmuth, where he is beloved by all who 
know him. He is a man of broad intelligence, de- 
cided literary ability, and the dignified yet win- 
ning manners so thoroughly in keeping with his 
profession. He is a native of this city, having 
been born here March 29, 1864. 

The father of our subject was the Pev. Ottomar 
Fuerbringer, a sketch of whom will lie found on 
another page in this volume. Our subject at- 
tended the common-scl Is in Frankenmuth until 

reaching the age of thirteen years, when he en- 
tered the Concordia College, at Ft. Wayne, Ind., 
in September. 1*77. lie was graduated from that 
institution in 1882, and in September of that year 
entered the Concordia Seminary at St. Louis. Mo., 
intending to tit himself for the ministry. In June, 
three years later, he was graduated from that sem- 
inary and was ordained to the ministry July 12, 
that year, his ordination taking place in Franken- 
muth. lie had been called as assistant to his 
father, a position which he has since held. 

The voting membership of the congregation over 
which the Rev. Mr. Fuerbringer presides numbers 
about four hundred, and over two thousand souls 
are under his charge. The church was organized 



ill 1845 in Germany by the founder of missions in 
Michigan among the Indians — the Rev. William 
Loehe. When the church was organized in I Ger- 
many, seven men came to Michigan and Franken- 
muth, in 1845, to establish a mission among the 
Indians, thai being the spirit of their mission work. 
Their first pastor was the Rev. August Craemer. 
In the early days they added to their good works 
by establishing a school for the education of In- 
dian children, but after being successfully con- 
ducted for a time in Saginaw County, it was trans- 
ferred to Isabella County. The Rev. August 
Craemer continued to be pastor of the church 
from 1845 to 1850 when the charge was given to 
the Rev. Mr. Roebbelen,"'who remained its minister 
until 1857, when he was obliged to resign his posi- 
tion on account of ill health. The Rev. Mr. Craemer 
died in Springfield, 111., in May, 1891. He was 
professor of theology in the Concordia Seminary 
of that city, and was thoroughly respected and 
very popular in every community where his lot 
was cast. 

In September, 1858, the Rev. Ottomar Fuerbrin- 
ger, the father of our subject, was called to the 
pastorate of the St. Lorenzo Church, since which 
time he has been in charge of the same. He was 
born in Gera Reuss, Germany, June 30, 1«H>. He 
was educated in his native town and remained 
there until 1827, when he entered the University 
of Leipsic, from which institution he was grad- 
uated in 1830. He afterward became tutor in a 
private .school, preparing boys for college. This 
position he held until L839,when he decided upon 
coming to the New World. 

The elder Mr. Fuerbringer upon coming West 
located for one year in Perry County, Mo., where 
he was professor of the classic- in the Concordia 
College, which institution is now located at Ft. 
Wayne, Ind., and of which lie is the only sur- 
viving founder. In 184(1 he was called to take 
charge of the congregation at Flkhorn Prairie. 
Washington County, 111., and remained with them 
for the succeeding nine years, at which time he 
assumed the responsibilities of pastor for the 
church at Freistadt. Wis., where he remained until 
he was called to Frankenmuth. in 1858. Four 
years previous to his removal to Frankenmuth 

the Rev. Ottomar was elected President of the 
Northern District of Missouri Synod and served 
until 1882. 

The father of our subject was married in St. 
Louis, Mo., Octobei 18. 1842, to Mrs. Agnes E. 
Walther, whose maiden name was Buenger. Mrs. 
Fuerbringer was born in Etzdorf, Saxony. July 23, 
1819. Mrs. Fuerbringer is a lady of much energy 
and strength of character, and with these traits are 
combined the softer qualities of womanhood, thus 
qualifying her for the important duties which de- 
volve upon her as the wife of a minister. Our 
subject is one of a family of seven children, born 
to his parents, six of whom lived to grow to man- 
hood and womanhood. Our subject enjoys the 
full confidence of the church of which he is pas- 
tor and the good which he has accomplished in the 
uplifting of humanity can only be measured when 
time shall be no more. 


ROF. EDWARD MENTE. who stands so 
high as musical director and orchestral 
leader, lias now been for a number of years 
a citizen of Saginaw. This city is noted 
throughout the country for its musical societies 
and the talent therein shown, it- German ia and 
Teutonia Societies both taking a front rank among 
musical organization-. Much of the present crit- 
ical taste and development in Saginaw arc due to 
the efforts of a few educated gentlemen who at- 
tained their own skill and musical education under 
some of the greatest masters of this country and 

The subject of this review takes a leading place 
among lovers of music and as an author his excel- 
lent arrangements are appreciated and admired. 
Born in the metropolis of the country. March 16, 
1851, he was reared under musical influences, his 
father being Charles Mente, a renowned soloist in 
Theodore Thomas' unequaled orchestra. His per- 
formances on the oboe have never been excelled 
and his devotion to his art made him a til tutor 
for his brilliant son whose natural inclination for 
music was displayed at an extremely early age. 



The father was among the best-known musicians 
of New York a quarter of a century ago and foi 
twenty year- was closely identified with the fam- 
ous Philharmonic Society. 

When but twelve years old Edward Mente he- 
came a close student of the violin and under his 
father's instruction made rapid advancement, so 
that his playing attracted the attention of some of 
the foremosl artists, who urged his father to give 
him the advantage of European training. At the 
age of thirteen the hoy was sent to one of the 
greatest German masters, Prof. Weismenann, of 
Saxe Weimar. Germany. There he devoted two 
years to close application being completely fasci- 
nated with his instrument. He made rapid pro- 
gress and at the end of two years he returned to 
America and became identified with his uncle. 
Prof. Herman Mente. a renowned artist now con- 
nected with the Cincinnati Orchestra, and after 
some time returned to New York and played with 
his father for one season at Niblo's Theatre. The 
two following years he was in the orchestra of 
Booth's Theatre, frequently appearing in solo parts 
and during the summer season played with his 
orchestra at various summer resorts, his ability as a 
performer and leader attracting the notice of 
musical people. He then organized and was for 
two seasons the leader of the Alice Dungan-Ling- 
hard Comedy Company orchestra, traveling 
through various States. He also gave special in- 
struction on the violin at tin- Normal College at 
Deleware, < >hio. 

In 1K!S(I Prof. .Mente arrived at Detroit and 
there learning of the needs of Saginaw in a mu- 
sical line lie determined to become a resident here 
and for five years he was the director of Rice's 
hand and orchestra, finally merging it into what 
is now known as Mente's Orchestra. During most 
of this time he has been employed at the Academj 
of Music, a place of amusement which offers the 
people of Saginaw only first-class entertainments. 
Aside from these public duties his hours are well 
filled in giving private instruction, and many of 
his pupils have made remarkable progress. 

Our subject plays with much feeling and his 
rendition of classical music has a verve, strength 
and pathos heard only when the instrument is 

touched by a master hand. Education is but 
growth and with such masters of composition and 
art as it now possesses, Saginaw may well hope to 
stand at the head in musical appreciation and ad- 
vancement. The Professor makes his own ar- 
rangement of music for orchestral work. Prof. 
Mente was married November 25, 1883, to Miss 
Mary Montgomery, of Detroit, who was horn Jan- 
uary 15, 1863, in Honesdale, Pa. Their two chil- 
dren are Albert Clark and Nathan Charles. Our 
subject is a Republican in his political views and 
an active member of the First Congregational 

— .$- 

\/\f// the prominent 

JAM B. BAUM. We have here one of 
t I i-erman- American citizens 
Vj who has shown his earnest devotion to 
American ideas and institutions, and who has 
been honored by being made the Mayor of the 
city of East Saginaw. While in that ofliee he 
proved himself a competent and efficient incum- 
bent, and one who was wide-awake to the interests 
of the city. Mr. Baum was born in the city of 
Saginaw, on the East Side. January 23, 1856, and 
is the eldest son of the late Martin Baum. who 
emigrated to the United States in 1851, and came 
to Saginaw two years later. Here he became one 
of the active citizens of this growing village and 
kepi what was known as Hie Sherman House, 
which is now in the hands of three of his sons. The 
mother, Catherine Baum. is still living and occu- 
pies the old homestead, a line brick structure on 
( renesee Avenue. 

The subject of this notice was educated in the 

city schools, and he then entered his father's 
service in the Sherman I louse, continuing there 
until he reached his majority in 1*77. The 
father carried on this successful hotel, which he 
built in 1873, until L881. If is now owned and 
operated by his three sons — William B., Martin B. 
and John B. William 1!. Baum was elected Al- 
derman for four years in succession, and in 1888 
became Mayor of East Saginaw, The follow. 



ing year he was re-elected to that oilier, receiving 
a majority of one thousand, live hundred and 
eleven votes. He was the flrsl Mayor of Fast 
Saginaw who was native-born in this city, and 
was the last Mayor of that city before the con- 
solidation of the two cities. During his incum- 
bency as Mayor and Alderman he was instrumental 
in bringing about many substantial improvements, 
much progress being made under his special direc- 

For nine years Mr. Baum iva- Treasurer of the 
German ia Society of East Saginaw, one of the most 
prominent German societies of the Mate. He is Pres- 
ident of the Arbeiter Verein and Past Commander 
of the Knights of the Maccabees, lie lias been the 
Lecturing Knight of the Elks, and besides being 
a member of the Knights of Pythias Lodge, No. 
96, he belongs to Lodge No. 303, F. A- A. M., ami 
also to the Order of the Foresters. 

He is a Director of the People's Savings Bank, 
a member of the Fast Saginaw Club, an honorary 
member both of the Stationary Engineer's and the 
Police Fund, and a member of the Saginaw County 
World's Fair ( Commission. 

The third extended trip through Europe made 

by Mr. Baum was in 1891, and while abroad 
he visited England, Holland. Belgium, Germany, 
Norway. Sweden, Finland. Russia, Hungary, 
Austria, Switzerland, Italy and France, ami his 
travels covered some seventeen thousand Euro- 
pean miles He is one of tin- most public-spirited 
citizens of Saginaw and is always active in all 
efforts which are intended to further the interests 
of his native city. In polities he is a stanch 
Democrat and is recognized as influential in the 
ranks of his party in the State. 

ARYFY GILBERT, M. D.,one of the older 
physicians and surgeons of Baj ( ity, came 
to thi~ place in 1874 and now enjoys an 
extensive practice. He was born in Simcoe, 
Ontario, January 28, 1846, and is a son of John 
W. and Christine (Smith) Gilbert. The parents 
still live on the old farm where the father was born 

in 1813, and the mother was bom during the same 
year. Thej reared a family of five sons and one 
daughter, and celebrated their golden wedding in 

The members of this family beside our subject 
are Isaac A., of the firm of Pratt A- Gilbert, attor- 
neys of Bay City; Albert, who lives at Simcoe 
with his parents; Frank O., a member, of the firm 
of Gilbert & Light, dentists of Bay City; Saman- 
tha, the wife of William Culver, of Simcoe. and 
the Hon. Peter Gilbert, of Arenac, now Senator 
for this district in the State Senate, and whose 
popularity in Bay City carried the vote there by 
eighteen hundred majority. The family were in 
the early days Episcopal Methodists in religion but 
now are more inclined to the Episcopal faith. All 
through the war they were ardent loyalists in pol- 

The education of our subject was obtained in 
the common ami grammar schools of Simcoe. and 
he studied medicine in the New York Homeopathic 
College, taking a special course in the Ophthalmo- 
logical Hospital in that city, graduating from both 
in March. 1874. lor six years lie practiced his 
specialty as an oculistand aurist and then devoted 
himself to general practice which he has built up 
finely in this , - ] t \ . 

The Doctor is considered one of the leaders 
among the homeopathic profession in the Saginaw 
Valley, and is a member of the Homeopathic state 
Medical society, and in the Saginaw Valley Hom- 
eopathic Medical Society he has been Treasurer for 
three years. He is a member of the Masonic order 
and is Past High Priest of the ISIanchard Chapter. 
He has belonged to the Independent ( (rder of < i.M 
Fellows but i> not now active, but in Masonic cir- 
cles has been influential and is one of the projectors 
of the Temple Building Association. lb- i~ proba- 
bly doing as much for the Masonic order as any 
man here, and was projector of the Masonic Fair 
held here in December. 1891, and uasils President. 

Dr. Gilberl was married, May 26, 1875, to Ida. 
daughter of William Beemer, of Simcoe, and they 
have two children — Leta and Van. The eleganl 
home in which they reside at No.605 N.( .rant Street, 
was built by (he Doctor seventeen years ago and in 
it they have made their home ever since the fam- 



ily was established. They are members of tin- Trin- 
ity Church congregation, and the Doctor has taken 
au active pari in the movements of the Democratic 
party, although he does not care to seek office. 
He was chairman of the Board of Health and lias 
done much in bringing ab ml the present effective 
system of this branch of the city government. The 
part (if the city charter referring to the Board of 
Health was revised b\ him, and the taws which 
were written bv his hand still govern the city 
health departmenl and have stood the test of time. 
He is a member of the Bay County Horticultural 
Society and has been a warm promoter of all 
movements for building up thai branch of the in- 
dustries of the COUfitv. 

Police Of West Ba 
the city prison, is o 

ylLLIAM II. LENNON, who is the Chief of 
Bay City and Warden of 
me of the old settlers of 
the place. His kindly nature and thoughtful con- 
sideration make him a universal favorite, and he is 
ever ready to exchange a pleasant word with a 
friend and neighbor. He was born in Hamilton. 
Canada, February 11. 1847, and bis father, Capt. 
Hugh Lennon, was born in Ireland and came to 
Canada when a boy. 

The Captain began as a boy sailing upon the 
ocean and worked his way to a Captaincy, and 
then entered the lake service until he retired and 
in his later years made his home in Ontario. lie 
there obtained a Government position as jailer for 
eighl years and died in 1855. His wife, whose 
maiden name was Annie Hogan, was born in Ham- 
ilton and died the year previous to her husband's 
demise. They were both members of the Catholic 
Church. ( )f their six children three are living and 
our subject is the only one who makes his home in 
the United States. 

Mr. Lennon was reared in Hamilton and Cayuga, 
and in 1863, after he completed his sixteenth year, 
he came to Bay City and found employment in 
lumbering and rafting for five or six years at vari- 
ous points in the Valley and there became pur- 
chaser for Cooper, Heath & Co., who were in the 

hoop husiness at Unionville and Sebewaing. The 
Village Council at Wenona made him Marshal in 
1874, and when the towns were consolidated he 
was appointed City Marshal of West Bay City and 
held that office until June, 1887. 

During his official position Mr. Lennon was 
made Constable, and also engaged in carrying on a 
bazaar store on Midland Street. This business had 
a steady and healthful growth and was enlarged 
until June, 1891, when he sold out the stock. It 
was al that time the largest bazaar store in West 
Lay City, lie was Alderman elect for two years 
but resigned to accept the position of Chief of Po- 
lice. which was tendered bun in April. 1X1)1. As Mar- 
shal and Constable in the earlier days he made 
many an arrest of Indians and woodsmen, and he 
has seen this place grow from a mere hamlet with- 
out bridges or modern conveniences to a prosper- 
ous city with more than ordinary railroad facilities 
and all modern arrangements for carrying on bus- 

The marriageof our subject, in lK7.'i, in Hamilton 
united him with Miss Isabelle Dunn, a native of 
that city. Their two children are William D. and 
Hortense E. Among the social orders he belongs 
to the Knights of the Maccabees and the Royal 
Arcanum, and was one of the organizers of the 
lodge of Ancient Order of United Workman in this 
city. Politically, he is a Democrat and an influ- 
ential man in his party, lie has held the office of 
Constable for thirteen years. In 1882 he was Dep- 
uty Sheriff and for two years more was Under 
Sheriff under the same man. 

< » 1 1 .1.1 V M A. COLE is one of the pioneer 

\ / fathers of Tittabawassee Township, Sagi- 
V V naw County, and a biographical history 
of the enterprising men who have made this sec- 
tion what it is would be incomplete without a 
mention of his name, lie is a son of Leonard and 
Hannah (Knapp) Cole, natives of New York and 
Connecticut respectively, and he is a grandson of 
Henry Cole who was a soldier in the Revolution- 



ary War. His great-grandsire was Leonard Cole, 
a native of Holland wbo came to the United States 
in boyhood and who Coughl in the Revolutionary 
War. He was tli*- father of three sons who also 
served their country in that dark hour of her 
trial. He died at the age of about seventy years 
and his son. our subject's grandfather, at the age 
of sixty-one years. 

The subject of this sketch was born January Hi. 
1822. His parents came to Saginaw County in 
1845, and located a farm near the State Road 
Bridge. They then purchased a farm across the 
river and cleared seventy-four acres of land for 
which they received a warranty deed and the use 
of the other seventy-four acres for ten years. Our 
subject as a young man purchased fifty acres on 
Swan Creek and lumbered on this tract for one 
year. It was at the time literally a wilderness 
inhabited only by bears, wolves and deer. At that 
early day the country was inhabited bv about 
thirty or forty thousand Indians. Smallpox be- 
came rife among the latter and after it had run 
its course there were only about fifteen hundred 

June 2.'!, 1850, our subject was happily married 
to Mary A., daughter of Roger K. Cook, a native 
of Ohio, although .Mrs. Cole was born in Pennsyl- 
vania. January 24, 1832. Seven children were 
granted to our subject and his wife, but at the 
dictates of a mysterious providence the little ones 
were gathered to their long home, all dying in in- 
fancy excepting Henry A., the lirst born, who died 
when seventeen months old, and Rhoda A., who 
was live years and seven months old when she 
died. After his marriage, in 1851, Mr. Cole 
bought a farm in Midland County, this State, and 
made it his home for two years, thence removing 
to Saginaw Township where lie lived one year. 
He then purchased the eighty acres where he now 
resides. It was in an entirely wild state and their 
nearest neighbor lived at a distance of two miles. 
This he has all cleared and now owns a good home 
where he and his estimable wife are spending their 
declining years in comfort and relieved from ex- 
cessive care. On tiist coming to this place their 
nearest market was at Saginaw, but when the fam- 
ily were in need of fresh meal Mr. Cole was ac- 

customed to take his rifle, sit down in the lee of a 
bush and wait for a deer, and always had plenty 
of meat. 

In polities our subject is a Democrat of the old 
style true-blue sort. His mind is stored with in- 
teresting reminiscences of events relating to the 
early history of this State and of the Revolution- 
ary period as told him by his grandfather when 
our subject was a lad. He and his wife are mem- 
bers of the Wesleyan Methodist Church. 

'TfOHN B. MORITZ. Numbered among the 
most enterprising of Bay City's young busi- 
ness men, is the subject of this biographical 
notice. He was born at Port Washington, 
^'is.. May 26, 1855, and is a son of Jacob and Bar- 
bara Moritz. His father was a brewer, as was also 
the grandfather, who had a large business on the 
Rhine, at Mainz. John 1!. received his education 
in Wisconsin, after which he learned the rudiments 
of the brewing business with his father. 

In company with his brother, Louis, our subject 
visited Germany in 1873, remaining there until 
1876, and devoting his entire time to acquiring a 
perfect knowledge of the details of the business to 
which he expected to devote his life. lie visited 

and carefully examined all the large breweries of 
the Old World, among them those at Berlin and 
Munich, and upon his return from Germany he and 
his In-other found lucrative employment with the 
Philip Besl Brewing Company, of Milwaukee. 

Mr. Moritz remained with the Bcsl Brewing 
Company for some time, but resigned his position 
there to accept the superintendence' of the Hansen 
Hop and Malt Company, remaining in that capa- 
city until coming to this city in 1884. Here he 
became one of the partners of the Bay City Brew- 
ing Company, which succeeded C. E. Young & 
Co. They remodeled and enlarged the works 
until at the present time they have a capacity of 
about twenty thousand barrels. The company was 
incorporated January I. 1884, with a capital stock 
of $50,000, and the present officers are: Charles E. 
Young. President; W, I>. Young. Vice-President; 



Louis Moritz, Superintendent; and J. 1!. Moritz, 
Secretary and Treasurer. 

The Bay City Brewing Company aims especiall) 
tn supply the domestic trade, and their large es- 
tablishment gives employment to about twenty-five 
men. They have recently fitted up a new depart- 
ment, the bottling works, and will bottle a prime 
quality of export beer designed chiefly for family 
use. The ice houses in connection with the brew- 
ery have a capacity of four thousand and eighl 
hundred and seventy-five tons. The engine-room 
is fitted with a twenty-live horse-power engine 
which furnishes power for the whole concern. Its 
chief use is to pump brine through the endless sys- 
tem of pipes that are used to tune down the tem- 
perature of the storing, fermenting and other de- 
partments. A view of the Bay City Brewery is 
presented on another page. 

Mr. Moritz has established a pleasant home in 
Bay City, which is presided over by a lady whose 
maiden name was Mary Gavord, and who became 
the wife of Mr. Moritz, in 1886. Mr. and Mrs. 
Moritz are quite well known in Bay City, and pos- 
sess genial dispositions and charitable natures, 
which win for them many friends. 


yll.UAM II. WARNER, (deceased) of East 
Saginaw. There are but few cities in the 
Union whose growth has been so rapid 
and wonderful as that of the city of Eas1 Saginaw, 
Mich. There were no natural surroundings to the 
locality, nothing inherent out of which to build 
even a village, except it maybe the river on which 
the place is situated; but a small band of energetic, 
enterprising men, having the courage to follow oul 
their convictions to a successful result, resolved 
that a city should be built, and to this end they 
worked together. The labors of these men can 
never lie pr< perly estimated. The efforts they 
made, in the face of many obstacles, deserve to be 
commemorated in enduring history. Every failure 
Of a cherished scheme, instead of discouraging the 
early pioneers of East Saginaw, served simply to 
stimulate them to renewed endeavor. Some of 

these men died before their hopes were realized, 
but many of the projectors of the e in Inyo city lived 

to see their anticipations accomplished. Of this 
handful of men. the names of Warner and Eastman 
gained and sustained a widely extended repute. It 
is the purpose of the writer to deal with but one 
of these men at the present time; but. the circum- 
stances surrounding them make at least a casual 
mention of the. partnership a necessity; for each 
of the partners became, in the process of time, the 
complement of the other. 

William Harrison Warner was born in the town 
of Enfield, Conn., on the 21st of August, 1K13. 
His father was a native of the State of New York, 
and the mother was of New England origin. They 
removed to Springfield. Mass.. when he was two 
years old. and there gave theii son such educational 
facilities as the common schools afforded at that 
early day. At the age of seventeen he commenced 
an apprenticeship n \ the trade of carpenter and 
joiner, with Gideon Gardner, in Springfield, Miss. 
In his very early history he became a member of 
the Hampden Association, a temperance society 
which flourished in Springfield at that time; and 
to the principles which were then instilled in his 
mind, he attributed much of the happiness and 
prosperity which attended him through life. Mr. 
Samuel Bowles, the editor and founder of the 
Springfield Republican, a paper of great influence 
and of wide circulation, was the President of the 
Organization referred to. and the effect of such a 
life on the mind of young Warner could not fail 
to be beneficial. 

In is;{(; theyoung man removed to Mt. Clemens. 
Mich., being then twenty-three years of age, and 
the master of a good trade, lie continued in this 
pursuit, in the lasl named place, until 1854, when 

he made one i e. and this time a (inal removal 

to East Saginaw, where he continued to reside un- 
til the time of his death, which occurred March 18, 
1890. Hi- fust business enterprise, after settling 

in his new and permanent home, was the establish- 
ment of a foundry and machine-shop, the first ol 
its kind in the entire Saginaw Valley. It was 
at this time also, thai his partnership with L. II. 
Eastman was formed, under the firm name of 
Warner a- Eastman, which continued in active 



operation for some twenty-five years, until the 
death of the latter, which occurred in 1879. 

A short time subsequenl to the building of the 
machine-shop, Warner & Eastman built a sawmill. 
and they were among the early successful pioneers 
in the manufacture of Saginaw's great staple, salt. 
As has been stated, the history of this firm is iden- 
tified with the history of the city, which it helped 
to build. Mr. "Warner's influence was ever used to 
benefit the community of which he was a member, 
and his firm was among the foremost in the aid of 
every important undertaking. 

It is not properly within the scope of such an 
article as this to give a history of all the many 
events in which .Mr. Warner bore his part, so man- 
fully and well, but it can safely be stated that his 
life was a useful one for the consistent example he 
exhibited throughout his history. It was marked, 
also, by an earnest piety and a strict integrity of 
character, two salient points of great weight in a 
young and thriving city. Mr. Warner was one of 
the organizers of the first Congregational Church 
of East Saginaw, and one of its most useful officers 
and members. lie was elected Deacon at the time 
of its organization, and filled that office until his 
death. In 1867 the machine-shop which he founded 
was sold to A. i". l'.artlcti .v- Co.', and is yet inactive 
operation. The sawmill and the lumber interests 
which the firm had acquired were sufficient to oc- 
cupy the attention of Mr. Warner ami his partner 
from 1867 until L879, since which latter date Mr. 
Warner gave the matter his personal supervis- 

A friend who knew him well pays this tribute 
to his reputation: •■Although Mr. Warner's life 
has not been an exciting or an eventful one. it has 
yet been marked by consistent piety. He is kindly 
in his judgment and is ever a peacemaker." The 
Highest Authority has given to peacemakers an 
exhalted position. His was the privilege to pre- 
vent broken friendships, or to restore such rela- 
tionships if once severed. 

Mr. Warner was twice married. His first union 
was with Miss Clarissa I). Barrett, of Hinsdale, X. 
II. Eight children were born to the parents, only 
two of whom survive. Mis. Warner died in 1863. 
In 1865 Mr, Warner married Miss Khz.-, F.ldred. a 

native of Erie County, N. Y. There were two chil- 
dren born, but none living of this latter marriage. 
In politics Mr. Warner was originally a Whig, but 
when that party became extinct, he, with many 
others of like mind, joined the Republican ranks. 
He never solicited public office or political prefer- 
ment, but was ever willing to perform his part as 
a good citizen, and to give such service as might 
be demanded of him. lie was one of the original 
stockholders in the organization of the First Na- 
tional Bank, and for several years was Vice-Presi- 

Mr. Warner was indeed a father in Israel, and 
the fact that he was known everywhere as Deacon 
Warner, and that the title was affectionately and 
tenderly given him by all who know him. speaks 
volume- for the sincerity and thoroughness of his 
piety. His record of almost forty years in the Sagi- 
naw Valley, gives the story of integrity, fidelity 
and capacity, and his just and charitable dealings 
with hi- fellow-men have deepened the impression 
made In his Christian profession and devotion to 
the church. The harmony between these two is 
his highest honor, lie was not a man of words, 
hut of actions, and being reserved he spoke only 
for a purpose. His nature was deeply spiritual, 
but found expression more in practical righteous- 
ness than in emotional utterance-. A full share of 
afflictions was his, yet he lost no faith in the good- 
ness and mercy of (iod. He was always genial, 
helpful and a good counselor, and those who knew 
him best loved him most. 

1111. II' C. FLOETER. This genial and cul- 
tured gentleman has a high, standing in Kay 
(it\ as an architect and superintendent of 
buildings, and has built up for himself a tine 
business which is well sustained by his practical 
knowledge and experience. He was bom in Chat- 
ham, County Kent, Ontario, Canada/June 22, 184i), 
and is a son of Robert, whose father. Frederick, was 
horn in Prussia, and was a soldier in the German 
Army during the Napoleonic Wars, and the Cri- 
mean War. ami later entered the English army. 



serving in the Commissarj Department. He after- 
ward came to Canada, and engaged in operating 
flouring and woolen mills at Chatham. 

The father of our subject was a contractor and 
builder and in I860 rune to Bay City, and after- 
ward spent several years in Flint, but Qnally re- 
turned to < lint 1 1 .- 1 in where he now resides. He was 
a Deacon in the Baptisl Church, and a man of 
sterling character. His good wife, Elmira, is a 
daughter i>f Philip Clan.-, a Pcnnsylvanian by 
birth, who is a farmer in Chatham. Our subject 
had only one brother and one sister, namely. 
Robert, who is a manufacturer at Chatham, and 
Jennie, who has passed from this life. 

Young Floeter was reared in Chatham, and after 
Studying in the city schools worked at his trade as 
a builder, and when past fourteen year- of age he 
traveled in different places and in L863 came to 
the United States, and for eighteen year- followed 
building in nearly all of the Western Males, and 
for two and a half years was foreman in the Pull- 
man Car Works. In 1881 became to Bay City, 
and taking up architecture entered in partnership 
with I-'.. W. Arnold A- Co. This firm continued 
until 1885, when it dissolved, and the linn of 1*. C. 
Floeter & Co., was formed, Mr. Kaufman being the 
partner in this concern; but in 1889, our .subject 
bouglil out that gentleman's interest, and hassince 
been fing on the business al :. 

Among thr notable buildings which have been 
designed and erected under the supervision of Mr. 
Floeter are the Griswold Building, the Methodist 
Episcopal Church on Madison Avenue, the Episco- 
pal Church, Harmon & Winer's Business Block. 

and tin- line private reside - of Dr. Vaughan, 

Joseph Eastwood, and others. At Easl Saginaw 
he put up St. Paul's Church, also the large Mortu- 
ai \ Vault, Chapel and ( Conservatory, and he rebuih 
St. John's Church, with il< guild house anil 
rectory at Saginaw City, also the Court Street 
Methodist < h irchal Flint, Grace Episcopal Church 
at Port Huron, t'.ie Masonic Temple at Ludington, 
and the famoili Wriglil House and sanitarium at 
Alma. The workshops buill for the Detroit, Lan- 
sing, and Northern Railroad at Ionia at a cOSl of 
$175,000, and the huge railroad depot at Claire 
are from hi- design, and elected under his super- 

intendence, a- were also thirteen railroad depots 
on the Cincinnati. Saginaw A- Mackinaw Railroad 
and main other public and private edifices in the 
State, and in adjoining Stale-. 

The marriage of this prominent gentleman took 
place in Chatham. Canada, and his bride was Mi- 
Ma ry Lewis who was a native of that place. To 
them have been born three interesting children, to 
whom they have given the name- of Fred, Grace, 
and Wave. Mr-. Floeter is a prominent and active 
member of the Baptist Church of Bay City, and a 
lady who has a. wide social influence. The political 
views of our subject are independent, and yet he 
inclines to the doctrines of the Democratic party. 
The Knights Templar recognize him as one of their 
most valuable members, and in all social circles he 
is esteemed as a leader. 

'■ ' °-^h 


>HOMAS D. CAMPBELL. This gentleman 
is one of the prominent lawyers of Bay City 
being a precise, careful and earnest man 
and a close reader of human nature. He has been 
a re-idenl of this place for the past five years and 
i- now a member of the firm of Campbell & Con- 
man-. This gentleman is the possessor of a targe 
degree of common sense and originality of reason- 
ing and never acts only after mature deliberation. 

lie of whom we write was born in Barry County, 
this State and in the year 1865, on the 20th of 
March, being a .-on of Duncan and Harriet (Camp- 
bell) Campbell. The father came to this State from 
Canada when it was in a wild and unsettled con- 
dition and our subject passed his early youth in 

the Union sel 1- at Middle-villc and afterward 

attended the .Michigan State Agricultural College 
at Lansing, being graduated in 1883. Subsequently 
he went to Hastings. Larry County, and entered 
the law linn of Knappen A' Van Arinen. as a law- 
student, where he -pent two years with them 
studying, and then entered the University of .Mich- 
igan al Ann Arbor, from which he was graduated 
in the Class of 'Si;. 

After finishing in the law school our subject 
came to this city August 23, 1886, and entered 



into partnership with S. P. Flynn, of West Bay 
City with whom lie remained about one year and 
a half when the connection was dissolved and Mr. 
Campbell continued in practice alone for some time 
when he entered into partnership with L. P. Con- 
mans who is now Justice of the Peace. They have 
their office in the Fisher Block where they have 
built up a splendid practice in the city. Mr. 
Campbell has always been an ardent Republican, 
one who does not swerve from the views and prin- 
ciples promulgated by that political organization 
although he has never been active, giving his en- 
tire attention to his professional labors. 

The gentleman whose name heads this sketch 
was united in matrimony with Miss Anna C. Nev- 
ius, of Hastings, Mich., a daughter of the Hon. 
John M. Nevins of the same place. Their mar- 
riage was celebrated January l'.".. L889 and they 
have been blessed by the birth of one child, a boy, 
Don B. Mr. Campbell is one of the leading mem- 
bers of the Masonic order of the city. 

s~* EORGE MOULTON. There are f ew homes 
ill _ -, in Saginaw County more attractive or de- 
^Nss<J| sirable than that of the subject of this bio- 
graphy. The owner of a fine farm of one hundred 
and twenty acres on section 36, Joneslield Town- 
ship, he has placed forty-eight acres under splen- 
did cultivation and embellished the place with all 
the improvements noticeable thereon al present. 
The commodious residence is surrounded here and 
there by shade and fruit trees, while in the rear 
are the bains and Other outbuildings for the shelter 
of stock and storage of grain. His present pros- 
perity has not been secured without arduous exer- 
tions on his part, and in his efforts he lias received 
the hearty co-operation of his estimable wife. As 
a stock-raiser and general farmer, he is prominent 
in the community, and his public spirit and enter- 
prise are well known. 

Many years ago in Canada a ceremony was per- 
formed which united in marriage Joseph Moulton, 
a farmer whose native home was in Vermont, and 
Elizabeth Mullen, who had emigrated to Canada 

from Ireland, where she was born. Neither of this 
worthy couple lived to be old. the husband dying 
in 1846, and the wife three years afterward. They 
left a family of five children, four of whom now 
survive. Our subject, the third child, was born in 
Canada in 1840, and was therefore a mere child 
when doubly orphaned and left homeless and 
friendless to make his way against adverse circum- 
stances. He was taken into the home of a Mr. 
( lunningham, with whom he remained until he was 
eighteen years old. working on a farm and enjov- 
ing none of the home comforts which most chil- 
dren have. 

When eighteen years old Mr. Moulton com- 
menced to work out by the month and continued 
thus employed for several years. When he was 
able to establish a liome of his own. he was married 
October 21. I860, to Miss Sarah L. Wilson, the 
daughter of William and Sarah (Cnderwood) Wil- 
son, natives of New York. Mr. Wilson died in 
1862, but his widow still survives (1891) at the 
age of eighty-seven years. She was a widow with 
five children at the time of her union with Mr. 
Wilson, and he had ten children by a former mar- 
riage. Their union brought to them five children. 
four of whom are now living. Mrs. Moulton was 
born June 1(1, 1844, in Canada, where she was mar- 
ried in her young womanhood. 

In January. 1866, Mr. and Mrs. Moulton came 
to Michigan and located on their present farm, 
where he had built a shanty, and proceeded to clear 
the land. One year prior to bringing his wife and 
children hither, he hail come here in 1865 and pre- 
pared for their removal. He took up a homestead 
claim of one hundred and sixty acres of timber 
land and struggled hard against hardships and pri- 
vations. So poor was he that after buying a sto\ e, 
bedding and a few dishes, in Saginaw, he had five 
cents in his pocket, and was about $50 in debt. At 
that time there were only three settlers in the com- 
munity, and his nearest neighbor was one and one- 
half miles distant. 

Ten children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Moul'on. of whom seven are now living, as fol- 
lows: Ella L., the wife of Albert Wilson, and the 
mother of three children; Julia F.. Caroline V., 
James W„ William J.. Walton J. and Mabel O..who 



are still at home, and have received good educa- 
tions. Mr. Moulton has always maintained great 
interest in educational matters, helping to organize 
the school district where he resides and serving as 
a member of the School Board, and Director for 
many year-. In politics he is a Democrat, and has 
been Supervisor of Jonesfield Township for seven 
years. Treasurer for one year. Constable and Oxer- 
seer of Highways. He assisted in organizing the 
township of Jonesfield, and has been closely iden- 
tified with its progress. He has worked in lumber 
camps for twelve winters, and promoted the lum- 
bering interests of this State. During the fire of 
1871, he lost his entire crop, but by almost super- 
human efforts was able to save his house and passed 
through the awful ordeal in safety, although the 
eyes of his eldest daughter were injured thereby, 
and continued weak until she was sixteen years 
old. The family are highly esteemed in the com- 
munity, and have contributed greatly to its pres- 
ent high standing. 


IJIL^ON. EMIL ANNEKE, of Bay City, was 
born December 13. 1823, in the city of 
Dortmund, Prussia. At the age of ten years 
he entered the Gymnasium at Dortmund, 
and passed his examination of maturity nine years 
later. He was then admitted to the University of 
Berlin, where he studied higher mathematics, nat- 
ural science, and law. After completing his stud- 
ies, he traveled for hisgeneral information through 
Saxony. Bohemia, Austria, and other parts of the 
( ontinent. 

In 184K .Mr. Anneke took part in the Revolution- 
ary movement that swept over a large part of Eu- 
rope, and when those Struggles had been subdued, 
and all efforts for the establishment of a Ger- 
man Republic proved unsuccessful, he, with hun- 
dreds of other liberal young men, left his native 
country and came to the United States. He ar- 
rived in the city of New York in 1849. From 
there he went to Pennsylvania, where he engaged 
in school-teaching; but disliking this employment, 
he was offered and accepted a position on the edi- 

torial staff of the New York Staats Zeitung, which 
he soon after resigned to engage with a large mer- 
cantile house in New York as corresponding clerk. 

Mr. Anneke remained there until 185.5, when lie 
removed to Detroit, Mich., and assumed the edi- 
torial management of a German paper. In the fol- 
lowing year he was appointed clerk in the Audi- 
tor-General's office at Lansing. He took with him 
to this office the same energy and precision that 
had characterized his life; he suggested many new 
improvements in the conduct of the office, and 
made his services so valuable as Chief Clerk as to 
have them recognized by a nomination by the Re- 
publican party for the office of Auditor-! .eneral. to 
which he was elected by a large majority in 18G2. 

So faithfully did Mr. Anneke discharge the du- 
ties of his position, that he was again tendered the 
nomination, and re-elected by an increased major- 
ity. At the expiration of his term he was admit- 
ted to the bar, and began the practice of law at 
(Wand Rapids; during the summer of that year he 
was appointed Receiver of Public Money in the 
District of Grand Traverse. He resigned this po- 
sition, and removed to East Saginaw, where he re- 
sided until 1874, when he came with his family to 
Bay City, where he resided until his death, which 
occurred at his residence on the corner of Tenth 
and Grant Streets. While a citizen of East Saginaw 
and Bay City, he was engaged in the practice of 
law and the real-estate business. 

Mr. Anneke's nature was domestic and retiring, 
and his happiest moments were passed in the pri- 
vacy of his home, to which he was greatly attached. 
His honor and integrity were unimpeachable, and 
lie looked for the same virtues m others that were 
so strongly manifest in his own nature. He was a 
genial companion, a gentleman of the old school, 
generous in scanning the faults of others, and ever 
ready to lend a helping hand to his less fortunate 
friends, hi business matters he was strict, but 
never exacting; economical, but generous when the 
cause was worthy. He attached people to himself 
by his unostentatious manner, and his uniform po- 
liteness. His sufferings during his last illness were 
lightened by the administrations of his three sur- 
viving children, who anticipated every want and 
desire, and made, so far as love could suggest, his 



last hours peaceful and contented. His children 
who survive are: Mrs. Charles F. Kusterer, and 
Mrs. Emma L. Sullivan. of Grand Rapids: and Ed- 
ward E. Anneke, a prominent lawyer of Bay City. 
In polities Mr. Anneke was a stanch Republican. 

: ii'iill- 

^yp^l UGENE ZABST. The industries of the Sag- 
Ikt«~ inaw Valley have been worthily represented 
J' — ' and greatly developed by this nentleman, 
who is conceded to lie the finest and most practical 
horse-shoer in Hay City, and has met with unusual 
success at his trade, of which he has made a special 
study. lie has the largest assortment of shoes in 
the Valley and carries on an exclusive horse-shoe- 
ing business, doing the work in the most skill- 
ful manner, and making a specialty of shoeing fast 
and driving horses. His practical knowledge "I 
his business, the accurate attention paid by him to 
all orders, and the uniform reliability of his deal- 
ings, have secured for him a prominent place in 
the confidence of the community, and a prosperity 
which grows steadily from year to year. 

The ancestors of Mr. Zabsl were of German or- 
igin, his grandfather. John Zabst, having emi- 
grated to America early in this century and located 
in Ohio, where he died at the age (if eighty-seven 
years. Jacob, the father of our subject, was horn in 
the Province of Alsace, Germany, and was brought 
to America at the age of eighty years. In his ma- 
ture years he was united in marriage with demen- 
tia A. Page, a native of Ohio, and the young cou- 
ple settled in the Buckeye State, whence they 
afterward removed to Indiana. The father en- 
gaged m farming when a lad. hut later learned the 
trade of a blacksmith, which he still follows in 
Toledo. Ohio. A brother of our subject, William 
E., resides in Hay City, and has an established repu- 
tation as one of the finest professors of music in 

Our subject was born in Greenfield, Ohio. Au- 
gust 20, 1854, and was reared to manhood in vari- 
ous places in Ohio and Indiana. He was quite 
young when he accompanied his parents to Elk- 
hart, hid., and later returned with them to Ohio. 

and from there U_> Peru. hid. At the aire of fifteen 
he was apprcnl feed to learn the blacksmith "s trade. 
serving an apprenticeship of six years. Next he 
went to Sandusky. Ohio, where for three years he 
was apprenticed to a practical horse-shoer, md has 
since made a special study of that line of work. In 
1882 he came to Kssex ville. Bay County, where he 
entered the employ of J. R. Hall, and remained 
with him six years, having charge of his horses in 
Alger, Arenac County. 

The year 1888 marked the arrival of Mr. Zabst 
in Bay City, where he embarked in business on the 
corner of John and Catherine Streets. He has the 
finest establishment of the kind in West Bay City, 
and indeed in the Saginaw Valley, and can do any- 
thing in his line, making a specialty of doctoring 

the diseased feet of horses. He owns his place and 

has by the exercise of sound business judgment 
and economy become well-to-do. In his politics 
he is a stanch Republican, believing the platform 
of that party besl adapted to the progress of our 
nation. In ail hi* enterprises Mr. Zabst has had an 
efficient helpmate ill his wife, who prior to her 
union with him was known as .Miss Emma Russell. 
Mrs. Zabst was horn in Erie County. Ohio, where 
her marriage took place. Shehas become the mother 
of one son. Burt, who is the finest cornet player in 
the United stale-, considering his age, which i- 
on'\ thirteen years, lie plays the mosl difficuH 
solos with perfect ease and wonderful skill, and his 
artistic genius has won for him a wide-spread repu- 

->- r *>- 

man holds the position of First Engineer 
A of the West Kay City Electric Street Kail- 
way Power House. He is a line practical engineer 
and mechanic, is well known and is always spoken 
of for his honesty and integrity. He stands high 
in the estimation of the people, and is well-liked by 
everyone for his sociability and geniality. Hi- 
home is on the comer of Walnut and Ohio Streets. 
and is a comfortable and convenient residence. 
His father bore the name of Evans, and was horn 



in New Jersey. He settled in Lawreuceburg, Pa., 
about the year 1825, where he was one of the early 
pioneers, following the trade of a cooper. II* 
passed from life in 1847. The mother's maiden 
name was Electa Madison, a. native of Knoxville. 
Pa., and her parents were pioneer farmers there. 
She died in 1861; she and her husband were of 
English and Dutch descent. 

The native place of him of whom we write, is 
Deerfleld, Tioga County, Pa., where he was horn 

June 21. 1833. His early boyl 1 days were 

strewn with hut few advantages in any way, as his 
father was an invalid and at the early age of ten 
years our subject was stricken with rheumatism in 
the hip, which partially crippled him for twelve 
years or more. He being the eldest of five chil- 
dren left to his mother on his father's death, that 
same year he started out on his crutches to find 
something for himself. A young farmer Alfred 
Congdon, who lived near by, took a liking to the 
crippled hoy and offered him a home, which was 
accepted gladly, and in a few months he was par- 
tially restored to health and able to help about the 
farm, and before the year was up could perform 
haul labor for a youth of his years. He remained 
with his benefactor for three years, when he went, 
to live with his brother, Benjamin D. Congdon, 
also a farmer, with whom he remained four years 
About a year after this he concluded to finish his 
education, and attended what was known as the 
Union Academy for three months, when his health 
again failed, and his education was postponed in- 

After recovering his health. Mr. Roundsville 
went to Lawrenceville, where he engaged as a lum 
her piler at a steam sawmill owned by C. II. I.. 
Ford, of Lawrenceville. Thefirst vacancythey had 
for a sawyer, was given to him, and he became an 
expert at handling the "bar," but the heavy lifting 
necessary in handling lumber in those days, proved 
too laborious for him, and he abandoned the work 
and obtained a position as fireman, firing and learn- 
ing to start and stop the 'Jxl8 inch engine. He 
continued firing and running small engines in 
Tioga and Bradford Counties during the next three 
years, when he went to Canada, and in the little 
village Bell Evvart, in the winterof 1857, obtained 

a position as second engineer, was afterward pro- 
moted to he first engineer and remained with them 
for eight years in what was considered a large mill 
in that village on the shore of Lake Simcoe. This 
mill was owned by Sage A' Grant, and he was in- 
duced by the former to come to West Bay City. 
and here manage the engine in his mill. The II. 
W. Sage .V Go's, mill was the largest in Michigan 
at that time. It had an aggregate of seven hundred 
horse-power, and had a capacity of two hundred 
thousand feet of lumber per day. During a quar- 
ter of a century, the time Mr. Roundsville was em- 
ployed by this mill, they produced seven million 
feet of lumber. He remained in the employ of Mr. 
Sage until October 28, 1889, when he resigned to 
take his present position as first engineer in the 
West Bay City Street Railway Power House. The 
engine is two hundred horse-power and furnishes 
power for ten miles of road, running from six to 
twenty cars. lie feels some in having run 
the engine for so long for the largest mill in Mich- 
igan. In his present position he has full charge of 
the power-house engine which is a Corless engine. 
18x42, and three No. 20 Edison dynamos. He is 
well thought of by all the employes and the mem- 
bers of the firm, and is highly respected by his fel- 

This gentleman was married on the 29th of April, 
1858, to Mrs. Isabel A. Roy. born in Tioga County, 
Pa., and is a daughter of George Spencer, an early 
settler of the same county. She was the widow of 
Monroe Roy. of Wellsboro, Pa., and had one son, 
John M. Roy. a salesman of Ford's clothing store. 
By her second marriage she has become the mother 
of one child. Ada. now Mrs. A. S. Beach, of De- 
troit. Mr. Roundsville was elected on the Hoard 
of Village Trustees when Wenona was organized 
about 1866, and served four consecutive years: 
later he was President of Wenona for one year. 
He was Treasurer of the Wenona graded schools 
from 1867 to 188T), and was Collector of Royal 
Arcanum, Wenona Council No. 38, from 1878 to 
1890. lie has been Alderman of the Fourth Ward 
one term. Our subject was a charier member of 
the Fire Department, and ran the fire steamer while 
he was connected with it for seven years. lie is a 
member of, and Collector of the National Union. 



He is also a member of the order of Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons. He belongs to Branch No. 3, of 
the National Association of Stationary Engineers, 
and represented his Board in New York City in 1889, 
at the Ninth Annual Session; was Corresponding 
Secretary for two years. He is liberal in his re- 
ligious views, but inclines toward the Second Day 
Adventists. Has always been a stanch Bepublican, 
and cast his first vote for John C. Fremont, but 
differs from them on the money question, believing 
in the Greenback theory. lie has recently been 
elected as a member for five years of the Sage Li- 
brary Board of West Bay City. 



\-^ UMPHREY SHAW. We have here another 

prominent citizen of Saginaw who is of 
Eastern birth and training, and who has 
~)) now reached the age when he may suitablj 
retire from active life and spend the remainder of 
his days apart from the bustle of the world. For 
almost forty-two years .Mr. Shaw has resided in 
the Saginaw Valley, and during most of that time 
he has been identified with much of its material 
interests. He has witnessed every change which 
has taken place here, and was himself at one time 
lost in the woods within a few rods of where his 
beautiful home now stands. Saginaw County owes 
much to him for its present prosperous condition. 
Many of the present well-improved farms now 
occupied by wealthy farmers were sold by him to 
poor men to be paid for on easy terms, many 
times in staves made from the timber on the land. 

In every business transaction he has been the 
soul of honor, and although a quiet, unobtrusive 
citizen, his keen business sagacity and his faith in 
the future of the city ever led him to bend his en- 
ergies toward the advancement of its prosperity 
and renown. 

Our subject was born at Westport, Mass., Octo- 
ber li, 1809, and he is the son of Job and Amy 
(McComber) Shaw. The father was born at Tiv- 
erton and was a son of Nathaniel Shaw. Job 
Shaw, who was a cooper, gave his trade to his son 

Humphrey, and they carried on the business of 
making oil casks at New Bedford under the firm 
name of J. Shaw & Son. Our subject is the eldest 
of six children, of whom three are living, and the 
sister and brother make their home at New Bed- 
ford, where the early days of Humphrey were 
passed. He remained in partnership with his fa- 
ther until he was twenty-eight years old, and that 
parent continued in business some years later, but 
lived a retired life for some time before his death, 
which took place when he was eighty years old. 
His faithful wife survived him for nearly twenty 
years and died in her ninety-fifth year. 

It was in January, lH:i7, that Humphrey Shaw- 
came to Michigan to engage in buying supplies 
for oil, wine and other large casks at "Six. Clemens 
for the home and foreign market, which business 
lie conducted until December. 1849. Upon com- 
ing to Saginaw he engaged in the same line of 
business, working on salary for New York patties 
for five years, after which he took charge of the 
business, independently assuming the lands which 
his employers had formerly controlled, and giving 
his notes for nearly $20,000. He continued in this 
line of work until the stave material was pretty 
well exhausted in this neighborhood and then be- 
came identified with Warner A- Eastman in the 
foundry business, to which, however, he did not 
give his personal attention, but has been engaged 
in handling farming and pine lands, in which lie 
has done so much to develop this part of the 

The first vote cast by this worthy gentleman was 
for Andrew Jackson, but since that early day he 
has been a Whig, and later a Republican, and has 
never missed a Presidential election, feeling it the 
duty of every citizen to east his ballot when an 
opportunity offers. Yet he has never aspired to 
any public position, preferring to serve his town- 
ship and county in other ways. 

When he was twenty-one years old Mr. Shaw- 
was united in marriage, at New Bedford, with 
Miss Sarah W. Bragg, of Asonet. Mass.. who died 
at Mt. Clemens. His union with the present Mrs. 
Shaw took place July 4, 1861. at Hartford, Pa. Her 
maiden name was Mary Ann Munn, and she was 
born near Ithaca, Tompkins County, N. Y., and is 




a daughter of Brewer and Betsey ( Brigdon) Munn. 
Two of the three children of the first marriage 
died in infancy, and Sarah Ann. who married 
George K. Newcomb, of Saginaw, died in this 
city. Both our subject and Ids good wife are 
members of the Jefferson Avenue Methodist Epis- 
copal Church, of which he has been a Trustee for 
twenty years, and he lias been identified with the 
church since he was eighteen years old. Mrs. Shaw 
is active in all woman's work in her church and is 
prominent in the Ladies' Aid and .Missionary So- 
ciety. Mr. Shaw has never used liquors as a I lev- 
erages, neither has he used tobacco in any form. 

Athough he has just celebrated his eighty-sec- 
ond birthday, Mr. Shaw is a well- preserved man 
with a clear understanding ami able t<> transact 
business affairs as successfully as ever. Almost 
every one of his associates have passed from earth, 
vet he has not outlived his usefulness, and when 
the final summons shall come for him it will lie 
the unanimous voice of all who know his life that 
an unwavering friend to his brother man and faith- 
ful servant of the universal Father has been called 
up higher. Too rapidly these grand old men are 
crossing the river. May they not be forgotten. 

FXCAX McKELLAR. AVe have here a 
brief biographical sketch of the life of 
one of the most worthy of the former 
residents of Tittabawassee Township, Sag- 
inaw County, who came from that noble stock 
with which Scotia has helped to replenish the pop- 
ulation of Michigan. He was born in 1814, and 
is a son of Duncan McKellar. Sr.,a native of Scot- 
land, lie was married to Isabella A., daughter of 
Dougald and Mary (Weird) McKellar, natives of 
Scotland, where their daughter was also born. May 
22, 1823. Her parents migrated from their unlive 
home to Canada, in 1831, and there earned on 
agricultural pursuits. 

.Mr. and Mrs. McKellar became the parents of 
ten children: their first-born was Dougald. who 

i-iine tu them on Christmas Day. 1846, and in his 
young manhood gave Iris lib' fur the cause of lib- 
erty and the h'nior of hi- country. It was on 
December •-'(. 1862, the day before lie wa- sixteen 
years old that he responded to the call of Abraham 
Lincoln and enlisted under the banner of his 
country, joining Companj <■. Eighth Michigan 
Cavalry. Although so young he manifested an 
interest and judgment commendable in a man of 
mature years, and his service was highly valued. 
He was attached to the Army of the Tennessee and 
participated in its various engagements up to the 
siege of Knoxville, when he was mortally wounded 
and the sacrifice was perfected. 

The second child of this family was Mary, who 
was born January 29, L849. She was married to 
William Hacketl and now resides in Saginaw 
County: the second son, Duncan, born January 9. 
1852, married Elmira McDowell, and resides in 
Saginaw County; Katie born March 6, 1854, mar- 
ried John Tague and resides in Oswego County, 
X. V.; John, born March Hi. 1856, married Ella 
Patterson, and resides in Saginaw Count}'; Jean- 
ette. born March 12. 1858, is now Mrs. Frank 
Ilartwell. of Bay City: Margaret, born June 4. 1861. 
i- a deaf mute who has been highly educated at 
Flint, Mich., and is a young lady of rare intelli- 
gence and ability. She makes her home with her 
mother. Xeil. born November 8, 1863; Edward. 
March 2(5. 1865; and Isabel. July 14, 1868. all 
reside at home with their mother, and the last 
named ha.- been a teacher for the past two seasons. 

Mr. McKellar and his family removed from Can- 
ada to Lynn, St. Clair County. Mich., in 1857, re- 
siding there until November 1, 1863. Thence he 
removed to Saginaw, working different farms 
until 1878, when lie settled on the farm now occu- 
pied by Mrs. McKellar. Here he resided until the 
16th of December, 1880, when he was called from 
earth and the family was left to mourn his irre- 
parable loss. Mrs. McKellar has shown herself to 
be a woman of judgment and executive ability in 
carrying on her affairs and in rearing and educat- 
ing such of her children as were not grown at the 
time of their father's death. All of them have 
received excellent educational advantages and 
have been trained in lives of Christian principles. 



They are all members of the Presbyterian Church, 
hut are attending the services of the .Methodist 
Episcopal body. A lithographic portrait of Mrs. 
McKellar appears on another page of this volume. 

^UDGE JOHN W. M. MATH. It is seldom 
that official positions obtain for a consider- 
able length of time, during the changing 
igi// administrations of our Republican form of 
Government. Judge McMath, who is a prominent 
attorney in Bay City, has held the position of 
United States Commissioner for the Eastern Dis- 
trict of Michigan since IMC I. He was born in 
Romulus, Seneca County. X. V., June :;. L824, and 
is a son of Samuel and Mary (Fleming) McMath. 
farmers by calling, but being proprietors of a hotel. 
The father died when our 'subject was but three 
years old. 

In the year 1827, before the decease of the head 
of the family, the McMaths came to what is now 
Willow Run. four miles southeast of Ypsilanti. The 
family continued to live there for six or seven 
years, and then removed to Lenawee County, where 
the family broke up and our subjectagain took up 
his abode near Ypsilanti, where he remained until 
he was twenty-four or twenty-five years of age. 
The youth acquired the rudiments of his education 
in the old Ypsilanti Seminary and later took a 
course in the Michigan University, entering in 
1846, and graduating in the Cass of '50, that 
had among its members such men as W. A. Moore, 
Dr. Fiske and O. M. Barnes. The young man cap- 
tured the degree of Bachelor of Arts, and soon 
afterward began to read law. While pursuing his 
studies he taught for one year in ( cntci ville. Mich., 
and then began reading in Detroit with Messrs. 
Backus & Ilarbaugh. a leading law linn at that time. 
He was admitted to the bar in October, 1852, and 
before the Supreme Court of which the Hon. San- 
ford M. Green was then Chief Justice. 

Our subject began the practice of his profession 
in Mackinaw. He remained until 1863, having 
been appointed Collector of Customs for the dis- 
trict of Mackinaw in l861,andalso Superintendent 

of Lighthouses, that office being then ex-officio, as 
the district at that time included all points in 
Michigan north of Muskegon, also on the west 
coast and north of Saginaw Bay, also all points on 
the east side of the Sioux and Lake Superior. He 
also had supervision of the points in Wisconsin in- 
cluding and north of Manitowoc, which took 
in Green Bay, Appleton and similar places. He held 
that position until the summer of 1867, when he 
handed in his resignation. In 1863 the headquar- 
ters of that customs' district was located at the 
Sioux, and there he made his residence until his 
resignation, coming from thai place to Bay City, 
which has been his residence ever since. 

On locating in Bay City our subject resumed his 
law practice. He has been City Attorney three 
years, member of the Board of Supervisors one 
year, Alderman one year, and he was elected Pro- 
bate Judge in 1872, serving until 1*711. Soon after 
the expiration Of his term of judgeship he formed 
a partnership with the Hon. George 1'. Cobb, which 
continued until the time when Judge Cobb took 
lii~ position on the bench of the circuit court, in 
1888. Since that time he has been alone. Mr. 
McMath is known as one of the prominent attor- 
ney - of the city and his judgment is considered to 
be distinguished by remarkable clearness, equity 
and foresight, Inning at his command the experi- 
ence gained from his extended readings of the best 
legal works. 

Our subject has taken an active part in politics 
as held by the Republican party. lie has been a 
delegate to State and other conventions and as a 
speaker during various close-contested campaigns. 
has done his share of work that has had its bearing 
upon the general outcome. Aside from his legal 
work Mr. McMath has been interested in real 
estate and in all that pertains to the building up 
and advancement of the interests of Bay City. 

Judge McMath was married to Miss Ella J., 
daughter of Reuben I). Roys, of Ann Arbor, Mich. 
Their nuptials were celebrated in July. 1852. The 
one child of this marriage, William G., is now a 
resident of Duluth and is engaged in a real-estate 
and abstract office. He was Registrar of Deeds for 
Bay County for one term and also carried on an 
abstract office here. He married Miss Minnie M. 


v .■"i^c-C 1 



Menton of Canada. Her parents reside on the easl 
side of the St. Clair River, near Baby Landing. 
.Indue McMath and wife arc members of the Pres- 
byterian Church of Bay City, and he has been one 
of the Deacons of that body for many years. 



ON. SANFORD M. GREEN. Since 1867 

l) Bay City has been the place of residence 
5^f °^ ^ u ^o e Green, who has figured as the 
'(£5)! presiding spirit in the Supreme Court of 


this State. Our subject was born in Grafton 
Township, Rensselaer County, N. Y.. May 30, 
1807. Possibly the fact that he was horn under 
the Democratic administration of Thomas Jeffer- 
son, ruled the trend of his own political prefer- 
ence, for he has taken a prominent stand in the 
policy of that party since reaching his majority. 
Judge Green is a son of William and Nancy 
(Wright) Green, from old Rhode Island stock, and 
who were a family of farmers. 

Our subject remained with his parents, and with 
them went to Oneida County when eight years 
old. Until sixteen years of age lie had worked 
at home without acquiring even the rudiments 
of an education, hut at that time he made an ar- 
rangement to purchase his time of his father for 
*40, which he afterward earned and paid. When 
in this way his own man, he began working inde- 
pendently, and studied under a private teacher, 
continuing for the most part on a farm until nine- 
teen years of age. when he began teaching during 
the winters and working on the farm during the 
summer until 1826. This was at a time when our 
greatest statesmen were beginning to shine in all 
the lustre of their brilliant intellects, and stirred 
with a desire to distinguish himself in a legal di- 
rection, the young man began reading law with 
Mr. Lansing, then with George T. Sherman and 
for a period with .Indue Ford, and then with 
Messrs. Sterling & Bronson, of Watertown, X. Y.. 
with whom he remained three years, and was ad- 
mitted to practice at the bar in 1832, having al- 
lowed two years for classical Study and live years 
in the law office, it being required that the appli- 

cant for admission to the bar should show seven 
years' reading. 

Our subject began his practice by opening an 
independent office in I'.rown ville. where he re- 
mained Until 1835, When he went to Rochester. 

X. Y., and in the spring of 1837 came to Michi- 
gan, first locating at Owosso, and at once was 
numbered among the enterprising pioneers of the 
town. lie remained there helping on with the 
organization of various municipal branches and 
interests until the winter of 1842, having been 
elected State Senator that fall. During the session 
of 1843-44 .Indue Green had been a member of 
the Judiciary Committee and also of other impor- 
tant committees, during which time a provision 
was made for revising the statutes of the State. 
The commission to do this work was appointed by 
the judges of the Supreme Court and the Chan- 
cellor. .Indue Green received the compliment of 
the appointment and was required to report at the 
session of 1816, thus being granted eighteen 
months in which to prepare and revise the work. 
The statutes as revised by him were voted on and 
adopted by the session of 1846, going into effect 
in March, 1S47. 

The original of our sketch was re-elected to the 
senate in the fall of 1845, and served during the 
session of 1846-47. On the expiration of his 
legislative connection he returned to Pontiac, 
which he has made his home from the time of his 
first election. He formed a partnership with 
Lieut.-Gov. Richardson and continued to practice 
law with him until the spring of 1844. On the 
dissolution of this partnership our subject, whose 
press of business was so ureal that he could not 
care for it alone, formed a partnership with Gen. 
II. L. Stevens, with whom he had formerly been a 
partner in Rochester, X. V. This partnership 
lasted until 1848. March 1 I. ISIS. Mr. Green was 
appointed b\ Gov. Ransom, and the appointment 
was confirmed h\ Hie Senate, to the office of Judge 
of the Supreme Court, being assigned to the Fourth 
District for holding courts, lie served in that po- 
sition until January 1, 1858, when the present 
Supreme Court was organized. From 1858 until 
1867 the Hon. Mr. Green was Circuit Judge of 
the then Sixth District, and in the spring of that 



year, having arrived at the age of sixty years, he 
resigned his position, anticipating a few years of 
pleasant practice when he should retire. 

Removing to Bay City, .Judge Green resumed 
the practice of law, but his respite from official 
duties was of brief duration, for five yens later 
he was called upon to lill a vacancy in the Eight- 
eenth Judicial Court, which vacancy was caused 
by the death of Judge Crier. He presided on the 
bench for over thirty years, and during that time 
not the shadow of a suspicion derogatory to his 
honor clouded his fair name. lie has ever been 
an honest man and an upright judge, and in his 
advanced years the veneration and respect of the 
people not only of Bay City but of the State at 
large, cannot but be gratifying to him, as being a 
tribute to his best qualities. In 1860 Judge Green 
published a work on the practice of circuit courts, 
of which twelve hundred copies were sold. In 
1X77 he published a treatise on the practice of 
common law courts in Michigan, putting it forth 
in two large volumes, and in 1879 he published a 
treatise on townships and the duties and powers 
of township officials. In 1882 a second edition of 
this was called for, and ten thousand copies were 
purchased by the State for the use of its township 
officials. His latest work is "Crime, its nature. 
causes, treatment and prevention." This work 
was issued from the press of the J. IS. Lippincott 
Company, of Philadelphia, and has met with the 
success that it deserves. 

Judge Green has given up the arduous duties 
of his profession, and at the present time ( 1891) 
employs himself in such congenial work as does 
not make too heavy a drain upon his time and 
strength. He is Treasurer of the Bay City Manu- 
facturing Company, Limited, which is a stock com- 
pany. Socially Judge Green was formerly a 
member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
but when appointed to the bench his duties were 
so arduous as to necessitate the relinquishment of 
many of his social relations. He has never been tn 
any sense a politician, although ever striving by ex- 
ample and influence to arouse a greater interest 
in true statesmanship. 

Our subject was married February 12. 1832, to 
Miss Mary Ann, eldest daughter of Judge Calvin 

McKnight, who was the Judge of the Court of 
Common Pleas of Jefferson County, N. Y. From 
this union five children have been born, of whom 
four still live. They are: Mary Frances, now Mrs. 
Russell Bishop, of Flint; William G, who is 
engaged in real estate in Chattanooga, Tenn.; 
George S., of Chattanooga, and Florence, now the 
wife of Albert II. Van Ftten, of Winnipeg, Mani- 
toba. Mrs. Mary Ann Green died on the 28th of 
May, 1879, and as a woman of sterling worth and 
marked intellectual ability she was greatly missed 
by her friends as well as the members of her 
family, to whom she was especially endeared for 
her many personal excellencies. 

= — ^*9." 


DAM KOLB, a member of the firm of Roll) 
Bros., Brewers, located on Fitzhugh Ave- 
nue, between Sixth and Seventh Streets, is 
a native of Salzburg, Mich., where he was 
born January 15, 1K67. He is the son of George 
Kolb. Sr., for whose sketch see the biography of 
George Kolb. Jr. Our subject received his educa- 
tion in this city, after which he attended the High 
School, from which he was graduated in 1886. Sub- 
sequently he formed a partnership with his brother 
and bought the brewery of M. Westover, which 
was at the time of purchase only a frame building 
with a capacity of eight thousand barrels per year. 
In 1X90 these brothers rebuilt, putting up a large 
brick structure with a basement and three stories, 
which now has a capacity of sixty thousand, but 
only making thirty thousand and increasing as 
they have demand. 

This linn has one of the finest offices in the city, 
it being finished in hard pine. They sell mostly 
to local customers. Mr. Kolb is one of the mem- 
bers of the Board of Water Works of the city, 
but he does not dabble in politics, as he has enough 
else to do. 

The subject of this sketch was united in marriage 
with Miss Mary Brenner, of West Saginaw, Octo- 
ber 29. 1890. They are the happy parents of one 
child, whom they have given the name of Lena. 



^ K^/g^^^^ 




Mr. Kolb and his wife reside in a fine and capacious 
residence a1 No. 1*06 Center Street, where they 
dispense a gracious hospitality. Socially our sub- 
ject is a member of the Arbeiter Society, of which 
he is the present Treasurer. 

—■ i- 

■ ' 


TX ANIKL MAMiAX. We here present the 
1 portrait and pergonal sketch ot'a well known 
lr attorney-at-law and the Police Justice of 
Bay City, who was born in Caledonia, Ilaldimand 
County, Ontario, January 1, 1851. His parents 
were Thomas and Ann (Cullen) Mangan and his 
father was a mechanic. In Caledonia he received 
his early education, graduating from the grammar 
school in 1869, and immediately removing from 
that place to Bay City with the intention of study- 
ing law in the office of Marston & Hatch. The 
senior member of this firm, Isaac Marston, was 
afterwards Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of 

After remaining with Messrs. Marston A: Hatch 
for some time the young man entered the office of 
McDonell and Cobb (the latter now judge of this 
Circuit). He remained with them until 1874 when 
he was admitted, after examination, to the bar, in- 
cluding all the courts of this State and the United 
States Court. Shortly after opening an indepen- 
dent office, in the fall of 1874 he was elected Cir- 
cuit Court Commissioner and after serving for two 
years was re-elected in 1876 for another term. 
While filling the duties of that office he also prose- 
cuted his private practice and thus established 
himself in his profession. 

In the spring of l*7'.l Mr. Mangan was elected 
Justice of the Peace for Bay City and held that 
office up to the time of the establishment of the 
Police-Court. Since that time he has been the 
Police Justice and is the only one who has ever 
served in Bay City in this capacity. He has dis- 
charged the responsible duties of his position with 
much credit to himself and greal acceptance 
among the people. Most of his time is devoted to 
the court where he has charge of a [arge amount 
of business, 

Our subjeel is a Democrat in his political con- 
victions and it is to licit party he owed his first 
election. Although he has each time been elected 
on that ticket he has had a growing constituency 
among men of all parties and the esteem in which 
he is regarded is a just reward of his devotion to 
the duties of his office. He is a member of the 
Ancient Order of Hibernians and of the Catholic 
Mutual Benefit Association. He is also a devout 
member of the St. James Catholic Church and 
belongs to the order of the Knights of the Macca- 

Daniel Mangan was married July 6. 1*71, to 
Miss Ellen Crump, of this county, who was born 
in Chatham, and is now the mother of six children, 
namely: Anna, Frank. Nellie. Lillian. Mollie, and 
Alice. Thomas Mangan, the father of our subject, 
wa> born in County SligO, Ireland, and was there 
married, but remained in his native home only a 
short time after that interesting event. He mi- 
grated to Canada and afterwards to Bay City 
wherehe died in February, 1 885, at the age of eighty 
one years. His devoted wife is still living and is 
now seventy-four years old. Our subject has a 
brother, James, in this city, anil another brother. 
Thomas, in Buffalo, N. Y. Air. Mangan may 
well lie characterized as one of the able and strong 
men that Canada has a;iven to Michigan. 


DGAR R.KNAPP,M.D. The field of labor 

for a medical man is so broad that if his 
JL -- heart is in the right place and his head 
evenly balanced, with an ordinary degree of indus- 
try, he can scarcely fail to be successful. The 
prominent features in the make-up of the physician 
whose biography we are attempting to write, is a 
large amount of intellectuality, a commanding de- 
gree of dynamic power, a strong physical command 
and a thorougli liking for his profession. The 
reader may judge for himself of his success. 

Dr. Knap]) was born in Danby, Tompkins County, 
N. V., February 7. !«■'! 1. His parents were Richard 
and Mary (Dexter) Knapp, both natives of Con- 
necticut who settled in New York at an early date. 



Our subject was reared on the home farm until 
eighteen years of age, receiving a common-school 
education. He had. however, determined t < > In- 
come a professional man and in 1852 entered the 
office with his brother Henry then practicing at 
Adrian, this State, now of Lathrop, Cal. Under 
his able tutelage he progressed rapidly, and during 
the winters of 1854-55-56 lie had the additional 
advantage of attending lectures at the State Uni- 
versity. He was graduated from the Medical De- 
partment in March, 1856, and began practice in 
partnership with his brother at Adrian. Alter grad- 
uating, however, he located at Lindon, Genesee 
County, and there continued until enlisting in 

Our subject joined Company E, Sixth United 
States Cavalry, being mustered in at Washington 
as a private. He was stationed at the National 
Capital until March. 1862, and then his regiment, 
with the Army of the Potomac, as body guard to 
Gen. McClelland, took part in all the Peninsular 
campaigns. Enlisting as a private, in six weeks he 
was made acting hospital steward, and in 1862 was 
transferred to the Firsl United States Cavalry in 
the field as acting Assistant Surgeon. After a few 
weeks' service in the regiment In was ordered to 
the Naval School Hospital al Annapolis to act as 
Assistant Surgeon, and was so employed until Jan- 
uary, 1864. At the last-mentioned date he was 
transferred to the Camden street Hospital in Bal- 
timore, and September I". 1864, he was discharged, 
having served for three years. 

( )n returning to Michigan in November, 1864, 
our subject located at Saginaw and resumed the 
practice of his profession. The brother with whom 
he had studied was a homeopathic physician and 
he had practiced under thai school until after his 
graduation, when he adopted the regular method 
and continued the same until he came to Saginaw, 
when he resumed the use of the homeopathic rem- 
edies. Dr. Knapp belongs to the Saginaw Valley 
Homeopathic Medical Society. His practice has 
been eminently satisfactory and he has frequently 
been called into consultation by the leading regu- 
lar physicians. 

Our subject was married November 1-1. 1865, to 
Miss Helen C. Clark, of Lindon. a lady of marked 

refinement. who died only three years her marriage. 
which was celebrated September 14, 1868. Dr. 
Knapp \\a~ again married April 9. 1871, the lady 
of his choice being Miss Mary Kmma Fisher, of 
Saginaw. a teacher in the public schools. She died 
November 16, 1H77. There was only one child by 
this marriage, Edgar L., who was born September 
21. 1873. He is a student in the High School and 
is a very promising youth. The Doctor has resided 
since December, 1884, at his present home at No. 
12;52, S. Washington Avenue, where he has a very 
fine residence. 

Dr. Knapp is not radically attached to anyparty r , 
voting as he believes to be for th 'best conditions 
of the public or private good. He belongs to the 
Presbyterian Church, although he was reared a 
Methodist. Socially, he is a Mason and stands high 
as a member, having taken the thirty-second de- 


APT. HARRY P. MERRILL. The announce- 
ment of the death of this prominent mer- 
'(' ehanl and respected citizen of Ray City on 
November 17. 1H!)1, brought a personal sense of 
lo>s and sincere sorrow to all who had known him. 
Not alone as an energetic and successful business 
man. bul also as a valiant soldier in defense of the 
Union, his ability won universal recognition, and 
his record m a private and public capacity is one 
of which his posterity may be justly proud. A 
public-spirited man in every sense of the word, he 
always fell a deep interest in the prosperity of the 
city where he had acquired fortune and labored 
incessantly for its interests. As a soldier whose 

bravery won him renown, as a business man whose 
judgment and ability were of an unusually high 
order, and as a citizen whose example is worthy 
the emulation of the young, it is with pleasure that 
we record his name among the representative citi- 
zens of Lay ( ouiitv. 

On March 10, 1839, Harry P. Merrill was born 
in Darien. ( ienesee County. N. Y.. his parents being 
Theodore S. and Abigail (Durfy) Merrill. He was 
descended from early and respected Eastern ances- 


. r )75 

tore, his forefathers on both sides being prominent 
Xrw England people. When he was four years of 
age hi- father, who was a merchant in Genesee 
County. X. Y., removed thence to Michigan and 
embarked in the mercantile business in Shiawassee 
County, al the same time conducting a farm. In 
1849, bereaved b) the death of his parents, our 
subject was thrown practically upon his own re- 
sources and at the ageof ten years commenced the 
battle of life for himself, lie remained for ten 
years with an older brother upon the home farm, 
and then with something of a spirit of adventure 
coupled with the determination to make his way in 
the world, he went to Colorado, California and 
New Mexico, and engaged in trading and taking 
goods in the mining regions. 

Until the breaking out of t lie Civil War Mr. 
Merrill remained in the far West and then return- 
ing to Michigan, enlisted at Pontiacin the Twenty- 
second Michigan [nfanlryas a private and in com- 
pany with his regiment proceeded to Lexington, 
Ky. His practical business ideas were soon recog- 
nized bythose in authority and he was detailed on 
special duty in the capacities of purchasing agenl 
for the Government ami inspector of horses. So 
valuable were his services ami so highly apprecia- 
ted, that he was continued iii this department for 
more than two years, until at his request he was 
relieved of his duties in order to entei upon a more 
soldier-like life. He was commissioned Captain of 
Company II. Fourth Kentucky Mounted Infantry 
Veterans, by Gov. Bramlette, and with the com- 
pany which he had recruited was sent to the front 
under Sherman, at Chattanooga. 

The branch of the service to which the mounted 
infantry belonged gave opportunity for active 
soldier life in skirmishing, raiding and hard fight- 
ing during all of that most memorable campaign, 
and e^ery soldier who marched from Atlanta to 
the sea has become historically immortal. On ar- 
riving at Atlanta the Fourth Kentucky was sent 
on a raid known as Stoneman's raid, operating on 
the south of Atlanta. It was on this expedition 
that Capt. Merrill, with many others, was captured. 
While a prisoner the Union army bombarded 
Charleston and the Confederate forces sent more 

than one thou-and of their prisoner? including 

Capt. Merrill and placed them under the guns of 
the Union army to receive their fire. 

1 1 o never ( 'apt. Merrill had no intention of losing 
his lite in that way anil with another prisoner 

sought a means of escape by tunneling under the 

Street. They were discovered, recaptured ami 

transferred to Columbia, S. C, where Capt. Merrill 
made another attempt toe-cape. Ihi> lime with 
more success. With his companion, Lieut. Charles 
Swope, of Kentucky, he followed tin- Santee River 
from near Columbia to it- mouth, a distance of 
three hundred miles through the enemy's country, 
and during the twenty-two days of the journey 
lived chiefly on raw sweel potatoes. At Columbia 
they were re-cued by a blockading steamer, from 
which they were transferred to a passenger steamer 
and reached New York in the spring of I860. The 
sufferings which the Captain had undergone un- 
fitted him for further active service and in April. 
L865, he resigned his commission and returned to 

On November 30, 1866, (apt. Merrill and Miss 
Laura C. Grow, of Pontiac, were united in mar- 
riage, and two children were horn to them — Frank 
(.'.. now twenty-one years of age, and Maud, aged 
fourteen. In 1 siiH. his health being much improved, 
our subject want toSaginawand opened a grocerj 
store, where he remained until 1871. At that time, 
he came to Bay City and engaged in business a- a 
wholesale grocer with the late R. P. Oustm as 
partner. The firm of Gustin .v Merrill was re- 
markably successful and the partner- continued in 
business together until 1884, when the senior mem- 
ber of the linn retired. Since then the linn has 
been known as Merrill, Fifleld A' Co., and in vol- 
ume of business are exceeded by only one house 

ill the Mate. 

The building occupied by Merrill, Fifleld >v- Co. 
i- located at Nos. 1005 and 1007 North Water 
Street and has a frontage of fifty-five feet on 
Water Street with a depth of one hundred feet to 
a warehouse, two stories high, 10x60 feet in dimen- 
sions and fronting upon the docks. In addition 
to this the Michigan ( entral Railroad has buill for 
the firm an elevator with a capacity of one hun- 
dred thousand bushels of grain, which the\ occupy 

iii connection with another warehouse, [00x60fee1 



in dimensions. The store is well lighted and ven- 
tilated and contains all modern improvements for 
the display, sale, and shipment and Storage of 
stock, or the transaction of business. A force of 
seventeen clerks is employed, besides several trav- 
eling men. and in addition to a large business in 
May City, the linn enjoys a heavy trade in North- 
ern Michigan. 

Although devoting :i greal portion of his time 
to the grocery business, Mr. Merrill engaged in 
various other enterprises in all of which he met 
with success. He was a Director in the Second 
National Bank, President of the first Chamber 
of Commerce in Bay City, and Commander of 
D. S. Grant Post, G. A. R. two terms. His 
opinion in public matters was greatly relied 
upon and his honesty was beyond question. In 
various ways many of Ihe city'- interests have 
been committed to his care, and lie was regarded 
as one of the most valuable citizens in this part of 
the State. Personally and socially he was one of 
the most agreeable of companions, of attractive 
appearance, pleasant address, and was held in the 
highest esteem and affection by his fellow citizens. 
In the prosecution of his business interests lie was 
ever active, yet he never failed in duty to the 

public, giving to it> various concerns his lime anil 

advice, and at all times having it- welfare upper- 
most in his mind, lie was m regular attendant of 
the Methodist Church and an earnesl Republican. 
His death although not unexpected, came suddenly 

at the last, as night comes quickly after a long and 
beautiful twilight. 

NDREW THOMSON. This successful 

Jj business man, whose Well-earned reputa- 
iJ lion for enterprise and square dealing 
C^y commands the respect of the community 

and whose genial nature ensures his popularity, is 
one of the largest contractors in the Saginaw Val- 
ley. Besides contracting ami building, he manu- 
factures sash, doors and blinds,and general building 

Mr. Thomson was horn in Caithness, Scotland. 

December 7. 1840, and his father and grandfather, 
both of whom bore the same name with himself, 
were wealthy farmers in Scotland having an estate 
of some twelve hundred acres. The father came 
to America after his marriage and settled in Niag- 
ara County. Canada, where he carried on a farm 
and afterward removed to Michigan, spending his 
last days in Saginaw and dying there when seventy- 
nine years old. While in Canada he belonged to 
the Reform party, and after coming to the States 
became an earnest Republican. His wife was known 
in maidenhood as Barbara McKay and was also a 
native of Caithness, and a daughter of John McKay, 
a wealthy farmer of that region. She lived to 
reach her sixty-ninth year and died in Saginaw. 

Our subject is the eldest of eight children and 
was brought to America when three years of age, 
traveling in a sailer which was sixteen weeks upon 
the ocean and finally landing at Quebec. He bad 
his training and education in Niagara County and 
Huron County, attending the common schools and 
when sixteen years old was apprenticed at Gard- 
ner, Canada, for four 3'ears to a contractor. He 
finally engaged in this business for himself inde- 
pendently and put up there some of the finest 
residence's ami most permanent business houses in 
the place. 

!t was in July, 1872, that Mr. Thomson came 
to Bay City where he undertook contracting and 
building and two years later removed his residence 
to West Bay City, although be carries on as much 
building in tin' former as in the latter division of 
this flourishing town. He put up the Presbyterian 
Church in West Bay City, the Library building, 
the Water Works building, the Fisher Block, the 
residence of the Hon. Mr. Fisher, and a' number of 
the best residences in Wot Bay City. Many of 
the best business houses in Bay City are his work 
and we mn\ particularize among instances of his 
buildings the Jennison Block, the McEwan Block, 
the Taylor A- Rose Block, the Polish Church, which 
is the largest house of worship in the Sag- 
inaw Valley, besides a number of the finest resi- 
dences, lie make- building a specialty and has 
done more work of this kind than any other eon- 
tractor in West Pay City. 

'The planingmill and factory of Mr. 'Thomson 




was started in 1 886 and lie now does a large job- 
bing business and his factory for doors and sash is 
the largest in the city. He has built and sold :i 
number of residences and his own home which he 
erected is on Midland Street, between Fremont 
avenue and Chilson street. The lady who became his 
wife in Goderich, in 1864, was Miss Flora, daughter 
of Archibald McQuarrie, and was horn in Nova 
Scotia where her father was a farmer. Their three 
sons are Andrew I., who is now an attorney at 
law: William J., who is a law student with Pratt 
& Gilbert; and Frederick, who is at home. 

Mr. Thomson was Supervisor of the Third 
AVard for one year and Alderman of the Sixth 
Ward for two years and did good service on vari- 
ous committees, being very efficient in effecting a 
complete system of city sewerage and in securing 
the franchise for the street car company. Hi- po- 
litical views are in accord with the declaration- of 
the Republican party and in regard to religious 
matters he is connected with the Presbyterian 
Church. He belongs to the Masonic order and 
the ( Irder of Foresters. 

J_ ENRY JAMES WALLACE. We aie grati- 
fied to be able to present the portrait and 

IV^f give a brief sketch of the life of one of the 
former citizens of Saginaw, who did good 
pioneer work here and was useful in promoting 
all worthy objects while a resident of Saginaw. 
He was born January 21. 1844, in Ketley, County 
Leeds, Ontario. Hi- father, James Wallace, was 
born in Scotland, and his mother, Nancy (Mooney) 
Wallace was i f Irish parentage but was bom upon 
the ocean. The grandparents on both side- made 
their home in Canada after crossing the Atlantic. 
and it was not until our subject was a young man 
that his father and mother came to Michigan and 
settled in Cass City, where they resided until their 

Henry J. Wallace was one of nine children, 
seven of whom are now living. He was reared 
upon a farm and remained at home assisting upon 
the place until he reached the age of eighteen, at 

which time the family removed to Michigan. lie 
soon entered the employ of Eber Ward and was 
engaged in prospecting for pine kinds and iii other 
work in connection with lumbering. lie continued 
working for lumbermen in Saginaw, locating pine 
lands and during the winters was foreman of 
camps for various firms. During the war he was 
for a time employed by the Government :i- a 
bridge buildei and was in that work for a number 
of months. 

Fora number of \ ear- Mr. Wallace was employed 
by various firms and also engaged in prospecting 
for minerals in the Lake Superior region. After 
about three years, however, he gave up that part of 
his work and devoted himself entirely to pine 
lands, prospecting on his own responsibility. His 
death, which took place June 15, 1887, was the 
result of complications of the liver and the disease 
was greatly aggravated by overwork and exposure 
for many years. • 

Mr. Wallace wa- not a politician, but his vot( 
and influence werecasl with the Republican party, 
and in religious matters he sympathised with the 
tenets of the Presbyterian Church. He was mar- 
ried March 1."). 1867, to Mis- Eliza Jane, daughter 
of Capt. William and Florence (Stark) Willis, the 
former for many years a lake captain. Their chil- 
dren are: Edith Ellen, nowthe wife of Herbert W. 
Savage, whose biography is found < lsewh< re in this 
work; William James, who i- residing at Portland. 
Ore.; and Florence Margaret, who is at home. 
Their daughter Edith has shown unusual talent in 
the line of art and ha- some very beautiful paint- 
ings which are the result of her work. The home 
in which Mrs. Wallace resides was planned and 
built by her husband and is a most delightful and 
comfortable pla< e of abode. 

ILLIAM MUNSIE. This prominent in- 
surance and real-estate man. who has a tine 

v v office at No. 815 Saginaw Street, has been 
m business in Bay City for the past four years. He 
wa- born in Dumfries, Scotland ami came to the 



United States with Ins parents when quite a youth. 
His education was received partly in Scotland and 
partly in this country. 

Our subject spent some years in York County, 
Ontario, and for fifteen years he held the office of 
Justice on the Queen's Commission and was also 
Postmaster of Nobleton, and at the same time 
Reeve of the township. He held his commission 
as Postmaster from Sir John McDonald and while 
in Canada was engaged in the mercantile business 
having three dry-goods stores on his hands at one 

When Mr. Munsie first came to the States he en- 
gaged in the life insurance business at Port Huron 
and from there removed to Saginaw where he re- 
mained until four years ago when he came to Bay 
City. For the three years that he was at Saginaw 
he was engaged in insurance and real estate and 
in every place where he has resided he has done 
wey in business, proving by his prosperity and the 
respect of his neighbors, his genuine qualities of 
integrity, ability and enterprise. 

Few men in Bay City have more thoroughly 
the respect of their fellow-citizens than this one, 
who is comparatively a new comer among them, 
and he has been able lo work up a good line of 
business in both city and country, lie is a member 
of the Masonic order and is Vice-President of the 
st. Andrews' Society and is Presidentof the Heather 
Curling Cluli. He is a true Scotchman at heart 
and loves to keep up the customs and traditions of 
his early home and being an ardent admirer of the 
game of curling, he organized the club here only 
a year ago. It has had a phenominal growth and 
promises to be one of the prominent sports of this 

s^\ IIAREESH. SARLE. This prosperous farmer 
111 _ whose beautiful tract of eighty acres is lo- 

n^^z cated on section 10, Tittabawassee Town- 
ship, Saginaw County, has hi> property well im- 
proved and in an excellent condition, and devotes 
himself to mixed farming. His beautiful home 
and excellent barns arc a credit to the township 
and attract the eye of every passerby. His par- 

1 ents, Stephen and Fammey (Vosburg) Sarle, were 
both of them born in the Empire State, and the 
paternal grandfather of our subject was Benjamin 
Sarle, a native of Rhode Island and of English 

He of whom we write was born in Saratoga 
County, N. Y. April 14, 1837, and there he had his 
happy home upon a farm, being helpful in many 
ways to his father and studying in the district 
school, enjoying the many jolly sports of a country 
lad as well as the drudgery incident to such a boy's 
life. He remained beneath the parental roof until 
he reached the mature age of twenty-four years, 
about which time he was happily married, July 27. 
1860, to Sarah Cooper, whose father, Cornelius, 
was a native of England who emigrated to the 
United States and settled in Onondaga County, 
N. Y. 

Mrs. Sarle was born in Somersetshire, England, 
.May (i. 1841, and came with her parents to this 
country when a little child. Her eldest child. Ma 
Frances, married Mortimer Wyman, who is a farmer 
and resides only a half mile from the home of our 
subject in Tittabawassee Township. The youngest 
child and the only son. Louie II.. married Ettie M. 
Wyman and he also resides on section 10, Titta- 
bawassee Township and assists his father in the 
operation of the farm. He is the happy father of 
two little sons. Robert T. and Charles II. 

When .Mr. Sarle came to this part of the country 
and purchased the property on which he now lives 
it was in its wild condition. The ground was 
covered by a dense forest and the roads were only 
surveyed and partly chopped out. His first work 
was to clear a little space upon which he might 
erect a rude structure to shelter his family. He 
then felled the trees little by little as he could, and 
clearing away the stumps, put the ground in a 
condition for raising crops, and it was indeed a 
happy day when they harvested the first product 
of their fields and fed themselves therefrom. From 
I year to year he cleared more of his acres until he 
now has it all free from trees and stumps and has 
made of it a beautiful home with every adorn- 
ment and convenience. 

In political matters Mr. Sarle is thoroughly con- 
vinced of the truth of the principles announced 



by the Republican party, yet in local matters he 
allows Ins vote to beguided by 1 1 is own judgment 
rather than the dictum of party. In religious 
matters both he and his worthy wife arc earnest and 
devoted members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church in which they lind a broad field for use- 

/p^EORGE II. DOWNING. The subject of 
[|| (—— this sketch has been a resident of the Sagi- 
%^[l naw Valley since the fall of 1865. He was 
born at Euclid. Ohio, November 12. 18411. His 
grandfather, John Downing, was a native of New 
York, who emigrated at an early day to Ohio, 
where he spent the remainder of his life. His father, 
Joseph E., was also a native of New York, and 
followed the occupation of a farmer at Euclid, un- 
til some years after his marriage when in 1865 he 
brought his family to the Saginaw Valley. He was 
a cooper by trade and for some years worked as 
foreman in a shop. In 1868 he located on a farm 
in Kawkawlin. where he homesteaded eighty acres 
in the woods, which lie improved. He is a Repub 
lican in politics and has been Treasurer and Justice 
of the Peace and also School Inspector. The 
maiden name of the mother of our subject was 
Mary E. Johnson, who was horn in Xew York 
State where she died. The seven children of this 
worthy couple are all living, as follows: Augusta, 
who reside.-, in Grand Traverse; George II.; Frank. 
a resident of West Bay City; Charles, who resides 
in Cleveland. Ohio; Clara, a resident of Grand 
Traverse; William, a marine engineerat Pt. Huron 
and Eva. who resides at Kalamazoo. 

George II. Downing, the subjecl of this sketch, 
was reared in Ohio on a farm until eighteen years 
of age, when in the spring of 1865 he came with 
his father to Sand Beach and was engaged until 
August of thai year in sawmilling. They then 
located in Hay ( it\ and in November of the same 
year brought the remainder of the family to that 
place. For two years he remained at home and 
when of age took up the trade of a cooper and 

worked in the cooper shops of the piincipal mills. 
For eleven seasons he was employed by Folsom & 
Arnold on piece work; he also worked in Zilwau- 
kee, Carrolton and Saginaw. In the meantime he 
homesteaded forty acres in Kawkawlin, which lie 
improved and lived on duringthe summers, at the 
same time carrying On his trade of a cooper, until 
1883. In 1886 he entered the employ of Pitts & 
Cranage, as teamster remaining with them for live 
years. In July. 1891 he was employed by R. P. 
Gustin & Co.. in the same capacity and is at pres- 
ent with that firm. He owns twenty acres of land 
which is well-improved and which he rents out. 

.Mr. Downing was married in October 1X68, in 
Bay City, to Miss Pamelia Spicer, daughter of 
Ezekiel Spicer. a native of New York. Her father 
was une of the first settlers in Kingston, Canada, 
removing from there to Cleveland, Ohio, in 1850, 
afterward coming to Hay City, where he built two 
houses. He was ;i fine mechanic, being both a car- 
penter and mason. lie bought five acres in what 
is now the heart of the city, and was engaged in 
clearing it up when he was taken ill and died very 
suddenly in 1854. In politics he was a strong 
Whig and in religion was a Baptist. The tnothei 
was Florence Maxon, a native of New York and a 
daughter of Charles Maxon, also born in that State. 
The latter was a Yfvy early settler in Lower Sagi- 
naw and was the owner of the present site of the 
Pitts & Cranage Mills. His death took place in 
1854 under melancholy circumstances. He had 
been appointed on the Board of Health during the 
time when small pox was raging in that vicinity 
and was helping in tin' care of the sick when he 
took the disease which caused his death. He was 
an active member in the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and was highly esteemed in the commun- 
ity; he was of English descent. The mother of 
Airs. Downing, who still resides in Bay City, is in 
very feeble health. After the death of her hus- 
band she became the wife of Henry Lockwood, 
who served throughout the War of the Rebellion 
in Company A. Second Michigan Infantry. By 
her first marriage Mrs. Spicer became the mother 
of four children: Mary. Mrs. Graham of Bay ('itv; 
Diana, who was accidentally killed by the kick of 
a horse; Pamelia, Mrs. Downing; and Clarissa, Mrs, 



Smith, who resides in Bay City. Of the children 
of the second marriage two are living — Florence, 
Mrs. F. Jackson, residing in Bay City; and James 
Lock wood, of the same place. 

Mrs. Downing is a native of Bay City, where 
she was born June 30 j 1851, receiving her educa- 
tion in the common schools of Hampton Town- 
ship. She has been a member of the Baptist Church 
for twenty-three years, in which she is an active 
worker, also taking great interest in the Womens' 
Home and Foreign Missionary Society. Mrs. 
Downing is one of the few women who have be- 
come successful inventors, she being the inventor 
of the Downing Washing Machine on which she 
procured a patent July 22, 1890, and which has 
just been placed upon the market. It promises to 
be a great labor saving device, and a most helpful 
addition to the laundry. It was given the first 
premium at the Bay County Fair as being the best 
washing machine exhibited. .Mis. Downing states 
thatshe got the idea for her invention by washing 
laces with her hands, immersing and dipping them 
in the suds to save the fabric. 

Our subject and his wife have had a family of 
six children, all of whom are deceased: William 
A., died in infancy; Harrison, at the age of two 
and one-half years; Lorama M., aged live years: 
Newton, four years; James Wilbur, two and one- 
half years and Flora B. four years. In politics Mr. 
Downing is a Republican. 




r=> . . 

THOMAS K. IIAKDINC, chief engineer of 
the fire department and fire marshal of Bay 

\^y City, has been connected with the fire de- 
partment here longer than any other man, having 
been with it since 1866, and chief engineer since 
February, 1883. He is a man of broad intelligence, 
great popularity, and has numerous friends; he was 
Vice President in 1890 of the National Fire En- 
gineer's Association. He [has worked hard to se- 
cure for Kay City a good system with modern im- 
provements in the liii' department, and it is owing 
to his energy and work that the city now has one 
of the finest Are departments in the State, 

Our subject was born at St. Catherines, Canada, 
and had his early training within sight of that 
stupendous object of nature, Niagara Falls. His 
father, Robert, learned the trade of a shoemaker at 
Queenstown, Ireland, and came to Canada, where he 
established himself as a successful manufacturer of 
and dealer in boots, shoes, and leather findings. 
There he did an extensive business and spent the 
remainder of his days, dying at the age of seventy- 
eight. His wife, whose maiden name was Mary 
Kelly, was born in Drogheda, near Dublin, Ireland, 
and now resides in St. Catherines. They had four 
sons and three daughters, the eldest, John, served 
his country for three years in the Civil War, be- 
ing a member of the Eighth Michigan Cavalry. 

Thomas K. Harding was born March 31, IK 17, 
and after studying at St. Catherines, finished his 
course at the Buffalo (N. Y.) High School. At the 
age of fourteen he was apprenticed to the printer's 
trade and worked for three years on the St. Cath- 
erines Constitution, a weekly paper, after which he 
took charge of the printing-office of the Jour/ml, 
there, which he carried on for three years, and then 
after a short sojourn in Buffalo he came to Michi- 
gan, and was with tin' old Detroit Advertiser for 
three years, and in 1866 took charge of the Bay 
City Journal, being foreman of the job depart- 
ment. Later he started the daily Tribune in con- 
nection with G. Lewis, E. Kroenke, and John Cul- 
ver, and m this he had charge of the job depart- 
ment. He afterward served Henry Dowe, and later 
James Birnev, in the same kind of work, and then 
entered into partnership with Mr. McMillan, and 
published the daily Observer. 

Since 1883 Mr. Harding has paid his entire at- 
tention to the lire department, with which he has 
been connected since 1866. In the spring of 1883 
he was appointed by the City Council as chief en- 
gineer, and he has built up this part of the city 
service until it is in as good condition as that of 
any city of Michigan. He is also connected with 
the common council as secretary of the house and 
building committee. He serves in the same capac- 
ity upon the Board of Electric Light Control, and 
also upon the Board of Building Inspectors, and is 
likewise inspector of buildings and churches. 

In 1885 our subject introduced into the Michi- 



"an State Fireman's Association a resolution re- 


quiring all insurance companies outside of the 
State, doing business in Michigan, to pay a per 
cent, of money to the Fireman's Benovolent Asso- 
ciation, but did not succeed in the matter because 
of the controlling influence of the insurance com- 
panies, lie organized and drew up the Constitu- 
tion for the Bay City Fireman's Mutual Benefit 
Association, and was its first President and is now 
its Treasurer. 

We have here to record as one of the most im- 
portant events in the life of Mr. Harding his mar- 
riage, in 1876, to Miss Margaret A. Roache, who 
was born in Petersboro, Canada. Six children have 
blessed this union, namely: Fred W., Robert F., 
Thomas, Harry. Lee and Helen. The social orders 
with which this gentleman is connected are the 
Knights of Pythias, the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen and the Knights of the Maccabees. 

'Sp^DGAR B. FOSS. The lumber interests still 
t«] continue to be the leading and most lucra- 
}t — ^ five business in the Peninsular State, and 
those who have engaged in it from its develop- 
ment here have amassed large fortunes, and in fact 
there is a prospect, as the forests are decimated by 
the woodmen, that these lumber treasures will grow- 
in value. Our subject is one of the prominent 
wholesale lumber dealers who are located in Bay City 
and in this end of the Saginaw Valley, and although 
he has accumulated a handsome fortune, he is ms 
enterprising now as in his younger days. 

Mr. Foss was born in Willimantic. Conn.. Febru- 
ary 28, 1851. He is a son of .John and Sarah B. 
(Slade) Foss, the former a native of Rhode Island, 
but of English descent; the latter of Fx bridge, 
Mass. Her family were Quakers, who had come to 
America from England to enjoy the freedom of 
their belief. Her father was a Quaker preacher. 
Mrs. Sarah Foss is now seventy-eighty years old, 
and still resides in Willimantic, Conn. She lias 
been the mother of ten children, and of these our 
subject is the youngest. The members of the fam- 

ilv became Mattered and distinguished themselves 
in various ways. One brother, Samuel S., was Ad- 
jutant in the Eighth Connecticut Infantry, and 
served throughout the entire war, receiving a 
wound at Ft. Darling before Richmond. He was 
in partnership with our subject in the lumber busi- 
ness until 1883, when he was thrown from a buggy 
and killed. 

Our subject was reared at Woonsocket and Pro- 
vidence. R. I. He attended the public school at 
the former place, and was a student at the business 
college of the latter place. In ixi'u he came We-t 
and was employed for a time as clerk in the office 
of D. A. Ballou, at Kawkawlin. This firm were 
dealers and manufacturers of Lumber, and one of 
the largest in this portion of the country. The 
young man was advanced from Inspector in the 
yards until in 1872 he became traveling lumber 
salesman for the firm of Nan Etten, Kaiser & Co., 
his route being principally in Ohio for several 
years, lie pursued this business until 1878, when 
he with his brother Samuel S. boughl out the lum- 
ber stock of his employers, but soon sold it anil 
started into business in West Bay City, in 1879. 
Tin' business was conducted under the firm name 
of S. S. A F. B. Foss, wholesale lumber dealers, for 
several years, and then the firm removed its plant 
to Bay City. 

At his brother's death, F. B. Foss bought out his 
brother's interest and soon after took in .1. M. 
Leiter, of Ohio, as partner, and for five years the 
concern was conducted under the name of Foss & 
Leiter. Since that time our subject has been sole 
owner, doing business as F. I!. Foss ,V- Co. Their 
yards are very conveniently located on the Flint 
& Pere Marquette Railroad, and have a capacity 
for carrying a large stock of lumber. They have 
several salesmen on the road who represenl them 
in Ohio and the Eastern States. They whole-ale 
from their yards both dressed and rough lumber, 
and have first-class facilities for the manufacture 
of the best grades of dressed lumber. The annual 
sales of the firm amount to twenty million feet of 

Our subject was married in Bay City, in Septem- 
ber, 1871, his bride being Miss Elizabeth Fitzgerald; 
she was born in Limerick, Ireland, and is a member 



of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Their marriage 
has been brightened by the presence of three chil- 
dren, viz: Walter 1.. Edgar II. ami Edith II. The 
residence is Located at No. 1600 Sixth street. So- 
cially our subject belongs to Joppa Lodge, No. 315, 
V. & A. M.. ami to the Bay City Council, No. 53, 
R. A. M., Blanchard Chapter, No. .".it. R. A.M., 
ami to Buy City Commandery, No. 26. He also 
belongs to the Knights of the Maccabees, ami t*> 
the Royal Arcanum. 

wa y 


ONSTANTINE WATZ. It isan undeniable 
fact that the scholastic world owes more to 
German student- and German educational 
institutions tor methods of study, thoroughness of 
research and new branches of study than to any 
other nation. Its scholars are always enthusiasts, 
and being specialists, bring to their work a fresh- 
ness and vigor wanting in French, English or 
American institutions. As Americans we have 
been quick to recognise this fait and glad to make 
use of the intellectual acumen and thoroughness of 
Teutonic scholars. One who has left his impress 
upon the youth of Saginaw and always an impress 
for good, is Mr. Watz, and in his decease the city 
lias mourned one of its useful and patriotic adopted 

Our subject was horn April 22. 1831, in Hoechst, 
Bavaria. His sixty years of life were replete with 
usefulness to his fellow-men. He died April 20, 
1891, at Saginaw City. He was the son of Philip 
ami Anna Mary Watz. He graduated at the Nor- 
mal Seminary at Wurzburg, Bavaria, and at nine- 
teen years of age became the assistant of his father, 
who was a teacher. He continued to he thus oecn- 
pied until 1858, when he came to the United States 
and was employed as a teacher in the German 
Seminary at Detroit. 

Mr. Watz was married at Detroit. November 28, 
1851, to Miss Caroline Wachter. His reputation 
as an educator having preceded him. in 1863 he 
was induced to come to Saginaw as Superintendent 
i if the school, which was under the patronage of 
the Germania Society. Our subject was connected 

with that institution as long as it existed. Then 
for a short lime he engaged in the grocery business 
on the West Side, in partnership with William 
Moye, and in the fall of 1871 he accepted the po- 
sition of Superintendent of the ( rerman department 
of the Wot Side public school, and there taught 
continuously for nineteen years, fairly dropping 
in the harness, for he did not leave his work until 
within four weeks of his death, which was the direct 
result of pleurisy. The sad ceremony of his inter- 
ment occurred on his sixtieth birthday, when he 
was laid away in God's acre with the greatest rev- 
erence by all who had been associated with him in 
scholastic work. 

Under Pros. Watz's supervision the work had 
grown to great porportions. At first he gave 
personal supervision to all his German pupils, hut 
during the last year ( 1890) it became necessary on 
account of the very huge classes to have several 
assistants. He was an accomplished musician and 
was a leader of the Germania Harmonic Society, 
and later of the Teutonic Vocal Societies, being 
the leader and instructor of these various bodies, 
lie was also a virtuoso of the violin, which he 
taught, also the piano, flute, guitar and cornet. 
His favorite instrument, however, was the violin. 
His musical instruction was as much sought after 
as his linguistic work. 

Prof. Watz was an author of some note, and hav- 
ing made comparative philology a study under the 
most improved methods of Muller. lie was well 
qualified to write on this modern subject. He 
was also a well-known >peaker upon social topics, 
and was a popular contributor to the programs of 
various societies. In his religious belief he was 
liberal, being a rationalist of the modern type, lie 
was frequently called upon to offer consolation to 
friends and relatives over the bier of their departed 
ones. He was a thorough Shakespearian scholar 
and was as well acquainted with that prince of 
English dramatists as with his own Schiller and 
Goethe. He was thoroughly abreast of the 
time- upon all educational subjects and never 
thought of sparing himself in his beloved work. 

Prof. Watz's wife still survives. She is the 
mother of six children — Herman, Oscar, Alma, 
Anna. Lena and Lottie. The first named is a drug- 



gist in business in Saginaw; the second son is a 
bridge-builder in Detroit; Anna married William 
F. Morse, M. D.; while the two youngest chil- 
dren are students, still brightening the home life 
with their merry, genial presence. Alma also is at 

|^_ I (HI M. GALE, M. D.. C. M. Many of the 
most prominent and worthy citizens of Bay 
City have come from over the border, 
being Canadian by birth, parentage and 
breeding, but have now become thoroughly Amer- 
icanized in the United States sense, and active pro- 
moters of the best interests of their adopted com- 
monwealth. Such an one is Dr. Gale, one of the 
prominent and rising physicians and surgeons of 
liny City, who has been in practice here since July, 

Our subject was born in Elora, Wellington 
County, Ontario, November 1, 1855, and is a son 
of John and Miami (Bradt) Gale. As his parents 
were agriculturists he took his early training upon 
the farm and in the common schools, and after- 
ward studied in the Collegiate Institute of Elora. 

After graduating from this institution of learn- 
ing, he tried his hand as many an aspiring yon ml; 
man has done at the teacher's art, and after teach- 
ing in public schools for three years he became 
Principal of the schools at Palmerston, Ontario, 
while at the same time he was carrying on his medi- 
cal studies under Prof. Mills, of Montreal. 

After completing his last term at Palmerston, he 
went to be with Prof. Mills at Montreal, and re- 
mained there four years in attendance upon the 
McGill University, from which he was graduated 
in March of 1882, with the degree of Doctor of 
.Medicine and Doctor of Surgery. He took a three 
years' hospital course in connection with his'medi- 
Cal studies, and was under Dr. Wallace, of Alma, 
for four summers, taking his practice during the 
Doctor's vacation. 

Subsequent to this experience the young Doctor 
located in Bad Axe, Huron County, Mich., where 
he practiced for three years, and had an extensive 

ride through that portion of the county, but finally 
decided to come to this city, so that he might have 
a better opportunity for building up a successful 
practice. He has succeeded in building up for 
himself a reputation truly enviable for character, 
ability and skill, and his practice heresoon eclipsed 
that which he had been able to secure at Bad Axe. 
Dr. dale was on the . '51 si of May. L883, united 
in marriage with Miss Anna McDowell, of Bad 
Axe, who is a daughter of William II. McDowell, a 
former resident of Bay City. They are both mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian Church, and people of 
earnest Christian character, and they arc bringing 
up their little son. Esson M., in the faith and prac- 
tice of the Christian religion. The Doctor bought 
a pleasant home at the corner of Twelfth and Van 
Burcn Streets, which has been the family residence 
for the past four years. He is a member of the 
Bay City Medical Society, the Saginaw Valley 
Medical Society, the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, and the Masonic order. He was health 
officer of Bay City one year, and has been Presi- 
dent of the Board of Health for two years, and is 
the present incumbent. 



RONALD J. O'DONNELL. The proprietor 
of O'Donnell's Business College and au- 
thor of a work entitled the Perfected 
Science of Arithmetic, was born February 
15, 1856, near the shores of Lake Simcoe in the 
Dominion of Canada. At the age of three years 
he lost his father and this misfortune and ill health 
together interfered with his early education and 
before his eleventh year he was put to work upon 
a farm so that he attended school only during the 
winter for the next four year.-. 

At the age of twenty-two, this young man de- 
termined to lit himself for something broader than 
farm work, bul being financially unable to attend 
college, he returned to the country school and 
after a thorough review of studies for four months 
he applied for and received a certificate as a 
teacher. At this examination only fifty of the 
two hundred candidates passer! the trial as the ex- 



animation was a difficult and exhaustive one. 
After two years of very successful teaching he de- 
termined to become a citizen of the United States 
and came to Saginaw intending to engage in rail- 
way work, in which he had spenl some time, but 
having made the acquaintance of Mr. Frank 
Emerick, Prosecuting Attorney of Saginaw County, 
lie was secured to teach first the Gouldtown and 
later the Carrollton Schools. 

The unusual success which attended the studies 
ot his pupils in arithmetic inspired him with the 
idea of preparing a work on this branch of educa- 
tion, which he did within a period of six months. 
during which time he was principal of the Car- 
rollton school. He then gave an exhibition by his 
pupils to illustrate the merits of his method, and 
his little pupils did full credit to the demands of 
their instructor. Yet, :i- in many cases it is found 
that new ideas must work their way by the hardest, 
Mr. O'Donnell's plans were not received with all 

cordiality by the scl I ollicials and although he 

offered to give his books free for the sake of in- 
troducing them into the Saginaw Schools his offer 
was not accepted. In Februaiy, 1888, he opened 
a private school with five or six pupils and soon 
made it a business college with constantly increas- 
ing membership and reputation so that he now 
employs three additional teachers, occupying throe 
apartments and having an additional night school 
of some forty pupils. 

The two volumes prepared by Prof. O'Donnell 
are his Complete Arithmetic and supplement to 
the same. In the former he leads the sludent's 
mind to grasp tin' principle from original reason- 
ing and does not depend upon the memorizing of 
rules. He thus makes tin' step forward in mathe- 
matical science that has long been taken in gram- 
mar and other subjects, and he applies mathmetical 
principles to everyday business by a short anil 
reasonable method so as to save time and effort. 
The correctness and alacrity attained by his pupils 
is a wonderful testimonial to the value of his >ys- 
tem. His second book contains new and advanced 
ideas and methods such as extracting the cube root 
and fourth and fifth roots of numbers. 

Like all men who are in the lead .Mr. O'Donnell 
has met with unreasonable opposition from those 

who should have been his helpers, but he is un- 
daunted in his determination to persevere in 
bringing his methods before educators, and the ex- 
hibitions which he has been able to give of the 
wonderful work of some of his pupils has caused 
many to look upon him as a man of remarkable 
"cuius in the mathematical line. 



ORACE JEROME. Perhaps there are no 
more enterprising and cultured residents ot 
Saginaw County, than those, who. like our 
subject, one of the first-class farmers in 
Frankenmuth Township, are natives of New York. 
The agricultural interests of New York have been 
for so long a time highly developed and in a flour- 
ishing condition, that the animus of the farmers in 
that section Leads to a higher standard in regard to 
the cultivation of the soil than is to be found in 
many other portions of the country. Public senti- 
ment, however, thus secured among the agricul- 
tural class due. not ce ise within its limits, but finds 
its way even to the "wild and wooly West." 

The residence of our subject on section 32, pre- 
sents a pleasing appearance, and is the seat of a 
fine cultivated farm. Mr. .Jerome was born in 
Tompkins County. X. Y.. August 30. 1845. He is 
the son of Dr. James II. and Lisette (Atwater) Jer- 
ome, both of whom were natives of Tompkins 
County. N. Y. The mother passed from this life 
before their removal West, her decease occurring in 
1863; the father came to Saginaw- and died in 
1883. The parental family includes eight children. 
Horace being the fourth in order of birth. 

Our subject passed his early life in his native 
county, and supplemented his early training in the 
common schools by attendance at the academy in 
Trumansburg, and while in that institution studied 
surveying, which occupation has been useful to him 
in his settlement in the new country of Michigan. 
Mr. Jerome remained at home until 1862, at which 
date he came to Saginaw County, and his first work 
was to clear the land on which is now located his 
beautiful farm, and on which he makes his home. 
Since coming to the Wolverine State, our subject 

m. m- 



y~4 z~ 




has twice been a candidate for County Surveyor, 
but was defeated. Mr. Jerome has been a residenl 
of Frankenmuth Township since his coming here, 
in L862. 1 lis excellent farm consists of one hun- 
dred and sixty acres on section 32, and on vhich 
lie has placed first-class improvements. 

Mr. Jerome was married in Saginaw County, 
Ma\ 2!>. lKtWl. to .Miss Martha E. licnsoti, a native 
of this county. They have become the parents of 
three children — James II., George \Y and John I!. 
Our subjecl has given his entire life lo farming 
pursuits, together with liis profession as Surveyor, 
both of which occupations he has found tobeverj 
profitable. He is a firm believer in Republican 
principles, and is deeply interested in every move- 
ment which tends to secure the best interests of 
the farming community, and with this view he is a 
hearty worker in every good cause. Mr. Jerome 
IS a nephew of ex-Gov. Jerome, and by his up- 
right life is an honor to his ancestry, lie takes 
an active interest in religious affairs in the town- 
ship, and is a member of the Methodist Episcopal 


MIOMAS CRANAGE. The gentleman whose 
//T\ portrait is presented on the opposite page 
V_y N a resident member of the firm of Pitts & 
Cranage, manufacturers of lumber and salt in Bay 
City, and is President of the Michigan Salt Com- 
pany. He is also President of the Hay County 
Savings Rank, and Vice-President of the First Na- 
tional Rank. He was horn in Shropshire, England. 
July 21. 1833, and when less than two years old 
was brought to Detroit by his father, who had vis- 
ited America lief ore. 

Our subject was educated in Detroit, where for 
eight years after finishing school he engaged in the 
drug business. He became a member of the firm of 

Samuel PittS & < 0., with which he was connected 

until the death of Samuel Pitts, when the firm be- 
came Pitts & Cranage. For the last twenty-six 
years he has been manager of the business, his 
partners residing in Detroit. On the organization 
of the Bay County Savings Hank. Mr. Cranage be- 

came ( ncled with it. In ISM. and after the 

death of ils President, Alexander Folsom, he con- 
sented to become President, which position henow 
holds. For the past fifteen years lie has been Di- 
rector and Treasurer of the Michigan Salt Associa- 
tion, is one of its heaviest stockholders, and on its 
reorganization was elected President. 

One of the st extensive mill and salt proper- 
tics in the Slate is owned and operated by Pitts & 
Cranage, and located ,-il the foot of Washington 
Street, in Hay City. In is.".:! the present site was 
occupied by a mill of limited capacity, erected by 
Baughman >v- Partridge. In 1858 the property was 
sold to the late Samuel Pitts, of Detroit, who in- 
creased its capacity to four million feet. In 1865, 
thecapacity of the mill was again increased, and 
the firm of Samuel Pitts & Co. was established. 
Three years later Mr. I'ilts died, and the firm of 
Thomas Pitts & Co. succeeded, to be in turn suc- 
ceeded by the present linn two years later. 

In 1ST I the old mill which had a capacity of 
twelve million feel annually, was destroyed by fire. 
A larger mill, however, was at once erected and the 
capacity increased to twenty-eight million feet. 
The plan in- mills, river frontage, dockage and 
shipping facilities, piling grounds, capable of hold- 
ing fourteen million feet of lumber, booms, a river 
frontage of one thousand, six hundred and thirty 
feet, etc.. make up. as stated, one of the largestand 
most valuable plants of the kind in Michigan. 

The mill proper of the above firm is 150x100 
feet in size, substantially built, and in all respects 
as complete in equipment as experience can sug- 
gest or mechanical skill supply. It includes a 
Wickes Brothers' powerful gang mill, two circular 
saws, steam feed carriage, edgers, trimmers, lath and 
heading mills, with other requisite appliances and 
tools. The engines supplying the motive power to 
this immense school of production, so to speak, are 
two in number; one of two hundred and fifty- 
horse power, and the other one hundred and sixty- 
horse power, fed from three batteries of steel tubu- 
lar boilers, one consistingof four boilers, each 5x16 
feet, and one of two boilers, fix I 1 feet in dimen- 
sions each, and one of three lioilers. dimensions 
12 inches by is feet. 
The salt industry under the administration of 



Samuel Pitts & Co. was established in 1863, and 
now embraces six wells and an extensive salt Mock, 
packing-house, cooperage, and other buildings nec- 
essary to the business, the steam for operating which 
comes from the large boilers spoken of in the pre- 
ceding paragraph. The products of the mill in- 
clude twenty-eight million feet of lumber, eleven 
million lath, one million two hundred thousand 
staves, and three hundred thousand pieces of head- 
ing, and that of the salt wells fifty thousand bar- 
rels of salt. The former is shipped East, :md the 
hitter is disposed of through the Michigan Salt 
Company, of which the firm is a member. 

The plant of Pitts & Cranage is located in the 
heart of the city, enclosed by the tracts of the Flint 
& Pere Marquette and the Michigan Central Rail- 
roads. They enjoy, in addition lo the water facili- 
ties, rail shipping conveniences, the valueof which 
cannot be too highly estimated. It also includes 
within its area twenty-six tenement houses, erected 
also under the administration of Samuel Pitts ,V' 
Co., for the special convenience of employes who 
pay a nominal rent only lor the fullest complement 
of home comforts. The firm employ a force of one 
hundred and eighty hands, many of whom have 
grown from youth to manhood, middle life and old 
age in their service. They also have in addition 
twenty-live horses, and do an annual business of 
very large proportions. 

Of the members of the linn, .Mr. Pitts resides in 
Detroit, and .Mr. Cranage in Lay City, wheie he 
directs operations. They are representative citi- 
zens and manufacturers — types of the men who 
have erected cities and founded enterprises in the 
Lower Peninsula. Bay City owes itr- origin, 
growth, development and prosperitj' to the liberal- 
ity and publicspirit of this class of citizens, a class 
among which Messrs. Pitts and Cranage are, and 
have been the leading factors. 

Mr. Cranage's tastes are not of the which 
make men prominent in public or political affairs. 
Although a stanch Republican he was never nom- 
inated for office, but has held many responsible 
positions in which the interests of the community 
were involved. lie was the first President of the 
Lay City Library Association, and lias served upon 
the Board of Water Commissioners and Hoard of 

Education. At present In- holds several positions 
of trust, being President]of the Lay County Sav- 
ings Lank, Vice-President of the First National 
Lank, and President of the Michigan Salt Co.. 
one of the strongesl i irganizations in the State. In 
all of these institutions he is a large stockholder, 
and devotes much of his time to their management. 
Mr. Cranage is held in high esteem by all who 
know him. While a thorough business man he 
realizes that money getting is not the sole obbjeel 
in life. Fond of intellectual pursuits he ma\ be 

I' id daily in his library during certain hours. 

while for the purpose of observation and recreation 
Mr. Cranage and his entire family have made two 
extensive European trips. In I S'.M he made an 
extensive trip, visiting the Nile Valley and assim- 
ilating the wonders of t lie count i y of the Pharaohs, 
and other lands warmed by the tropical sun of the 

October 20, 1863, Mr. Cranage was united in 
marriage with Miss Julia, eldest daughter of the 
late Samuel Pitts, of Detroit. Three children were 
born of this marriage, but the eldest died in 1875. 
Samuel Pitts Cranage is now in the emploj of the 
firm, and also otherwise interested in his father's 
business. Their only daughter, and the light and 
joy of the home, is Mary II. The family are wor- 
shipers at the Episcopal Church, of which our suh- 
jecl has been Warden for the past twenty years. 
He has taken great interest ill the erection of the 

present church, being on the Building Committee, 

and a liberal contributor toward its erection, as he 
has alwa\ s Keen to all charities and benevolent en- 

T OIIX 1). McKINNON. When one considers 
that the commercial and manufacturing in- 
terests of theXorthern tier of Central States 
and especially of that Mate which we are at 
present considering, dales its inception within 
tin- lasl score of years, its present nourishing con- 
dition is nothing short of marvelous, and the pro- 
moters of these interests must be looked upon as 
were the magicians of tin- past. Our subject is at 


59 1 

the head of one of the mosl importanl of the in- 
dustries of the State of Michigan, being Presideul 
of the McKinnon Manufacturing Company, whore 
numbers of skilled mechanics are at work on boilers, 
engines and all kinds of machinery. 

The firm makes a specialty of patented work. 

turning oul large numbers of water spacers, refuse 
burners, patent peerless mate liars, sawmill and 
marine machinery; they also have the advantage 
of a slip fur hoisting and dry-docking boats. Their 
place of business is located on the Saginaw River 
between Eleventh and Twelfth Streets. The shops 
were established by our subject in 1867. lie began 
in a very mildest way with a boiler simp, adding 
tii that a machine shop and foundry, and in time a 
pattern shop, and thus building up his business 
to its present size and importance. The company 
was incorporated in the year 1884, as the Mc- 
Kiniiim Manufacturing Company with a capital 
stock of $50,000. The firm, which comprises our 
Subject and his two sons. Hector 1). and Arthur 
C, employs at the present time sixty-eight men. 
and in 1hi>\ seasons from ninety-five to one hun- 
dred men are on their pay roll. 

The manufacturing plant of which our subject is 
President occupies four lots. The boiler shop i> 
50x800 feel, and this with the machine shop and 

foundry marly covers the space. The slip for dry- 
docking is 31x225 feet, and has a frontage on the 
water of fourteen feet, thus affording accommoda- 
tion for the largest light vessel. It is fitted out 
with hydraulic pressure, so that they are able to 
raise the largest boats that navigate the Saginaw 
River, and indeed the company has most of that 
business for the city and vicinity. 

John I). McKinnon was born at tape Breton, 
Nova Scotia. March 17. 1841, and is a son of Don- 
ald and .leanette (Sutherland) McKinnon. The 
parents emigrated from Argylesbire, Scotland, to 
Nova Scotia, where the father became a contractor 
and builder. lie remained there until 1876, when 
they removed to Hay City, and there he died in 
1887; the mother still survives. She is a member of 
the Presbyterian Church, and has brought up her 
family in the same faith. 

Our subject was educated in Cape Breton, Nova 
Scotia, and al the age of twenty went to New York 

City. lie remained there for eighteen months and 
from that place removed to Chicago, 111. After a 
short residence there he went to Cleveland, Ohio, 
where he learned the trade of a median ic and boil- 
ermaker. lie remained there until 1867, when he 
came to Hay City and established himself in busi- 
ness. While in Cleveland he was one of the firm 
owning the Variety Iron Works, which was sold 
oul. as far as his interests were concerned, on his 
coming West. Air. M< Kinnon wasamong the first to 
establish an industry of this class in this section. 
lie has also been greatly interested in various 
steamboats on the river, and has been a prominent 
stockholder ill the Bay City Spoke Factory, al- 
though al the present, time he is not connected 
with that firm, giving his whole attention to the 
manufacturing company, which is one of the larg- 
esl of its kind in the country. 

On. Inly *. 1864 Mr. McKinnon was united in 
marriage to .Miss Agnes, daughter of Robert and 
Mary Kirk, of Cleveland, Ohio. They have been 
the parents of two sons, Hectot I), and Arthur C. 
In politics he is a Democrat, and has held several 
importanl offices, among which ho has served as 
Uderman for lour years, and is Bridge Commis- 
sioner at the present, lie was a member of the 
Police Hoard for five years, and the Water Hoard 
for four years. 

EV. COLIN McBRATNIE, deceased. The 
gentleman of whom we write was born in 
Wigtonshire, Scotland. May 13, 1828, and 
his decease occurred at his home in Saginaw, 
January 26, 1891. His parents we're John and Ann 
(Christeson) McBratnie, and our subject was tne 
fourth in order of birth of their family of twelve 
children, only four of whom are living at the pres- 
ent time, viz: Greorge, Andrew. Mrs. Isaac Parker, 
and Mrs. C. II. Jewell. 

In 1852 our subject, in company with a younger 
brother, emigrating to the United States and com- 
ing dired to Said mi w Count \ -was engaged for two 
years in farm labor. They wore followed later, 
however, by the mother and the remainder of the 
family. The\ secured land in Thomastown Town- 



ship, where the mother's death occurred in 1867, 
and upon which tract George McBratnie, a brother 
of our subject, makes his home at the present time. 
Charles McBratnie, another brother, engaged in the 
War of the Union, enlisting- in the Sixteenth 
Michigan Infantry and was killed in the battle of 
Gettysburg. William, the brother who came to the 
United States with our subject, became a prosper- 
ous and influential citizen of Saginaw County, and 
died some five years ago. 

The Rev. Colin McBratnie engaged in the lumber 
business in Michigan, and after some time spent at 
Menominee secured a tract of pine land in Thomas- 
town Township, which he cleared in partnership 
with his brothers, and when that was accomplished 
he turned his attention to the cultivation ol the 
soil in Swan (reek, afterward James Township. 
Saginaw County. He followed the life of an agri- 
culturist until fifteen years ago. of which calling 
he made a decided success. Soon after making 
Saginaw his home Mr. McBratnie engaged in the 
grocery business, to which he devoted much of his 
time and attention until his death. 

This outline of a successful business career com- 
prehends but a small part of the life work of Mr. 
McBratnie, for while lie was conducting to good 
advantage a private business hi- heart and soul were 
full to overflowing with love for humanity, and 
every day of bis well-spenl life found him minis- 
tering in word and deed to his fellow-men, and his 
memory is revered by many warm friends, who 
ever found a helping hand in, and received words 
of comfort from him. 

Over thirty years ago, having his heart touched 
by witnessing human suffering, and with a desire to 
accomplish all the good he could in the world. Mr. 
McBratnie became identified with the work of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, in 1873 was ordained 
local preacher and thus more effectually carried on 
the work he so much loved. lie had frequently 
addressed audiences upon those subjects near his 
heart, and now entered heartily into the active 
work of a minister. He visited the poor and needy 
and had regular appointments to preach to the un- 
fortunate inmates of the County Poor House. 

It is said of the Rev. Colin McBratnie by a friend 
that "he was one of those local preachers who did 

not wait for some one to hunt up work for him 
to do, but found it for himself. He did as much 
pastoral work as ten pastors. He was a striking 
example of the usefulness of the local preacher; 
m appearance he was of robust frame, and his 
beaming countenance always wore an expression 
full of human sympathy. While he had his own 
business interests to care for. he was, nevertheless, 
ever ready to minister consolation and offer prayer 
at the bedside of the sick or to point a sinner to 

The Rev. Mr. McBratnie had frequently been 
called upon to till responsible public positions, but 
he cared very little for public honors, and though 
a Republican in politics was in no sense of the word 
a politician. He served twelve years on the Board 
of Supervisors of Saginaw County, and also held 
other public offices. His strong social qualities and 
admiration for ties of friendship induced him to 
become a Mason, and before his death he had taken 
the Master degree. He was so thoroughly impressed 
with the principles of that order, and its doctrines 
being so much in accord with his own ideas, he 
was intimately associated with that fraternity for 
years. ( )f a peculiarly genial nature, he could 
appreciate the mirthful side of life, but Laughter 

could be easily succeeded by the tear occasioned by 
the misery and suffering of others. 

The gentleman of whom we write was united in 
marriage February 26, 1856, t.. Agnes McCulloch, 
also a native of Wigtonshire, Scotland, her birth 
occurring December 27, L827. Mrs. McBratnie was 
the daughter of Hugh and Elizabeth (McWherter) 
McCulloch. Her parents emigrated to America and 
located in .lames Township. Saginaw County, in 
1835, where they were the very earliest settlers. 
On reaching Detroit they met James Frazer, who 
was endeavoring to persuade emigrant- to conic to 
the Saginaw Valley, and bis description of this lo- 
cality was such that the father decided to locate 
here, and with his brother Thomas set out over- 
land for the Saginaw Valley. The family followed 
by the water route. The grandfather of Mrs. Mc- 
Bratnie, Hugh Mc( ulloch. Sr.. who was then an old 
man, accompanied the family, but the hardships of 
pioneer life were such that he survived only three 
months after reaching this place. 



',*■ *■ 






Hugh MeCullocb lived about ten years after 
emigrating hither, his wife surviving until t-875. 
Mrs. McBratnie was the third in order of birth of 
her parents' four children, of whom one sister. 
Mary, is living at the present time. She is Mrs. 
Robert Fawcett,and resides in Chicago. Our sub- 
ject and his wife became the parents of seven chil- 
dren, namely: .lame-, who died when seven \ ears of 
age; John, a farmer in Thomastown; Hugh Mc. is 
engaged in the grocery business; Charley died 
when two years of age; William is a honk-keeper 
for A. T. Bliss; Elizabsth is at home with ber mother; 
Mary, who is a graduate of the Saginaw High 
School, is a teacher in the Fifteenth Ward School; 
she makes ber home with her mother. 

f^ERBERT A. FORREST. A Canadian by 
birth our subject is now a resident of Sagi- 
naw. He was horn in Collingwood, On- 
tario, March 10, 1860, ami is a son of Dan- 
iel and Eliza .1. (Stafford) Forrest, the former horn 
in Scotland and the latter in the North of Ireland. 
They were married in Canada in May. 1856. Our 
Mihjeet is the eldest son of a family of eight chil- 
dren. In 1864 he came to Saginaw County with 
his parents, his father being a physician who hoped 
that fortune would attend his efforts in this new- 
State, he-ides giving his children opportunil ies not 
to he found in the Dominion. 

After leaving the High School in 1X7 7 our sub- 
ject elite. ed the office of Wisner A- Draper, and 
after studying law under their tutorship for six 
years he was admitted to practice in the courts of 
Michigan in 1883. lie remained with the firm with 
which he had previously been for four years 
longer. In 1885 he opened his present office, his 
specialty being commercial and real-estate law and 
he also deals largely in real estate. He has an ex- 
tensive law library. 

Mr. Forresl has laid out an addition on the east 
side of the city, which comprises one hundred and 
eighty-four lots called Forrest's Addition. Many 
sales have already been made in that distrii t. lie 

is a Republican in politics and has served in several 
local Offices. He was elected to the School Board 
from the Third Ward three times in succession, 
hut resigned that office and served two terms as 
Secretary and Treasure! of the Board of Education, 
at a time when a bond of $80,000 was required, 

tin' outlay of the scl I being about $150,000 per 

annum. During his time the free text-book sys- 
tem was inaugurated and Air. Forrest was one of 
the committee who favored the proposition, the 
charter being amended by act of the Legislature, 
and Saginaw being the first city in the State to 
adopt the plan. The system has now been in use 
live years and lias given universal satisfaction. 

In 18H'.) Mr. Forrest was appointed by Gov. 
Luce a member of the State Board of Corrections 
and Charities. The hoard comprises four members 
that are in office eight years each, the Governor 
presiding as ex-officio member, and covers all the 
State, penal, charitable and henevolent institutions. 
Mr. Forrest has been appointed to the committee 
having direct supervision of the State Prison at 
Jacks m, the Reform School for hoys at Lansing, 
the Insane Asylum at Pontiac and the new Wayne 
County Asylum, lie has besides twenty -one coun- 
ties in the northern part of the Southern Penin- 
sula, where he visits at least once a year all the jails, 
poorhouses, etc.. and reports to the Board person- 
ally as to their condition. The Board comprises 
the following gentleman: Right Rev. George D. 
Gillespie, of Grand Rapids, who is Chairman, the 
Hon. James M. Neasmith.of Vicksburg, Dr. Samuel 
Bell, of Detroit, and Herbert A. Forrest. 

In 1889 Mr. Forrest was a delegate sent by the 
Board to the National Prison Congress at Nash- 
vill, Tenn., at which ex-President Hayes presided, 
lie was also delegated to the convention of 1891 
held in Indianapolis, and at that convention made 
a stirring speech; he represented the State Board at 
the Prison Convention in Pittsburg in 1891. He 
has given the subject of the Convict Lease System 
of Tennessee a great deal of study and personal 
investigation, and in the report of the proceedings 
of the State Convention of the Board of Corrections 
and Charities, held in 1890 at Howell, Mich., is 
found an interesting and exhaustive treatment of 
the subject of the "Colony and ( ullage Care of the 



Insane." Mr. Forrest greatly favoring the latter 

The domestic life of our subject was happily in 
augurated November 25, 1884, by his marriage to 
Miss Lena L., daughter of William Lake, of Sagi- 
naw. She was educated in Detroit at the High 
School, and is a most accomplished and pre-poss< --- 
ing lady. They have one son, Herbert A., dr. Mr. 
Forrest and his wifeare members of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. He i- also greatly interested in 
the Young Men's Christian Association and the 
Epworth League, and has represented his church 
frequently in lay conferences. He was recently 
elected one of the two lay delegates of the Detroit 
conference to the general conference of the Meth- 
odist Church which meets at Omaha in May. 1892, 
and enjoys the distinction of being the youngest 
member ever elected to a general conference of 
the Methodist .Episcopal Church in this country. 

The attention of the reader i- invited to a litho- 
graphic portrait of Mr. Forrest presented in < - 

nection with this sketch. 

[LLIAM II. BELL. This gentleman, who 
is the proprietor of Bell's Ait and Music 
V V Emporium, is an excellent business man 
and well adapted to secure success in his line. He 
is pleasant and affable ami a man of more than or- 
dinary literary taste and ability. His friends re- 
gret that business interests prevenl him from de- 
voting himself exclusively to writing, for which 

he has a decided talent. 

Our subject was born in Auburn, N. Y.. April 2. 
1856, and his father. William, was born m Herki- 
mer, the same State, in 1801. The grandfather, 
William. Si"., was horn in Londonderry, Ireland. 
and came to this country with his wife and three 
children in the year 1800, locating first in Phila- 
delphia, but soon removing to New York, where 
he carried on farming until 1812. He located 
afterward in ( ayuua County, and continued farm- 
ing until his death at the age of eighty-eight. He 
had four sons who all lived to an advanced age. 
The father of our subject died at an earlier age 

than any of his brothers, but he lived to be seven- 
ty-nine. They were of Scotch-Irish blood, and in 
religious faith were adherents of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. 

The father of our subject was one of the most 
prominent men in Cayuga County, and became 
colonel of State militia. He had command of sev- 
eral regiments, and had not the state Legislature 
wiped out the State militia he would have been 
raised to a higher rank. He was a prominent 
local politician, and was Supervisor and Justice of 
the Peace for years. He was first a Whig and then 
a Free-soiler. and during the Civil War was active 
in raising and diilling men, and would have gone 
out as Captain had not his age prevented. After 
the war he became a Democrat, and during his 
later years was an ardent Prohibitionist. 

( ol. Bell was twice married, his first wife being 
Sallie Beach, bj whom he had -ix children, three 
of whom are living, and the mother of our subject 
was Man Delano, who was horn near Poughkeep- 
sie, N. V.. and became by her first marriage the 
wife of John Hoagland, by whom she had three 
children, two of whom are now living, while our 
subject is the only child of her last union. The 

Colonel was a strong and devoted member of the 
Methodist Church and a Class-leader therein. 
\\ ith his father and lliree others he built a church 
near Monle/uiua. N. Y., and his death, which look 
place in 1880, was a great loss to the church. 

After studying in the common schools of Au- 
burn our subject graduated from the High school 
at the age of twenty, and then worked his way up 
in the business which he is now pursuing, begin- 
ning at the bottom and coming up to his present 
portion b\ dint of hard work and enterprise. 
Before leaving his native home he had built up 
not only a good retail but quite a wholesale busi- 
ness, and had the largest establishment for the sale 
of piilure frames and molding in Auburn. 

Mr. Pell came Westandin 1886 settled in Grand 
Rapids for a short time, but soon came to Bay City, 
and established himself in business. He makes a 
specialty of picture frames and moldings and also 
of musical merchandise, and deals in paintingsand 
works of line ail. artists' materials and musical 
instruments. The organs of which he makes the 



most sales are the Newmann Bros, and Cloiigh & 
Warren's, while his favorite pianos are the Flveretl 
and the Howard. He carries the largest geneial 
line of liis goods in Saginaw Valley, and is build- 
ing up a splendid trade here, keeping one man on 
the road all the time. 

Mr. Bell was married in Union Springs, X. Y., 
in 1879, !i> Miss Mary Hoagland, a native of that 
place, and thej have two children — Fred K. and 
Lester II. Mrs. Bell is a devoted Christian woman 
and a member of the Methodisl Episcopal Church. 
While living in Cayuga County .Mr. Hell was col- 
lector for his township, and is a standi Democral 
in his political convictions. lie belongs to the 
Free and Accepted Masons, and the Knights of the 
Maccabees, and is a member of the Masonic Temple 


pears above is 

To him whose name ap- 
owing, in company with 

many other brave and dauntless men. the 
present finely developed condition of this 
portion of Saginaw County, for he is one of the 
pioneers who came into a wholly wild region 
and has made thoroughfares, farms, and has helped 
in no small degree to advance the interests of his 
place by his simple loyalty as a citizen. He is now 
a resident on section ;». Thomastown Township, 
and was horn in Lucas County, Ohio, October 20, 
1826, and is a son of Cornelius and Electa (Cleve- 
land) Wiltse. His father was a native of New 
York and was horn in 1796. Our subject's Grand- 
father Wiltse. who was of English descent, was a 
Revolutionary soldier, a blacksmith by trade and a 
farmer by calling, lie died at the age of about 
eighty years. Cornelius. Jr. learned his father's 
trade and also became a farmer. He built a boat 
and coasted to Ohio in 1825, when he located in 
Lucas County, settling in the wilderness. 

Our subject's father located a tract of land from 
the Government in Lucas County and then went 
ninety miles on foot to the Land Office to enter it. 
This was an experience in which much risk was 
run, for the country through which he traveled 

was full of savage animals, and the Indians had 
not yet disappeared. lie was peculiarly fitted for 

pioneer life, having had a sturdiness of character 
that was undaunted in the face of privation and 
hardship. He cleaved a farm of one hundred and 
t wenty acres. 

Our suliject's father came here in 1837, making 
his wa) to Pontiac by covered conveyance and 
thence, by reason of a heavy snow storm, by sleigh 
to Saginaw Township, where he settled on section 
II. His farm comprised one hundred and five 
acres, six or eight of which had been chopped off. 
lie built a log house thereon and made his living 
by lumbering, trapping and farming. He con- 
stantly had many traps set and killed large numbers 
of deer, bear and many wolves. His decease oc- 
curred in December, 1865, and he was aged at the 
the time sixty-nine years, lie was a firm believer 
in the efficacy of the Democratic party. Our sub- 
ject's mother was born in 1800. She reared eleven 
children and died in June 1869, at the age of 
sixty-nine years. 

Our subject was eleven years of age when 
brought to Michigan and recollects the moving 
and Us various interesting incidents. He attended 
the pioneer school both in Ohio and in this local- 
ity. His mother taught for one summer under 
the rate bill system, in a log school house with 
open fireplace and slab benches. The youth began 
for himself at the age of twenty-three years. He 
was engaged as a farm laborer by the month and 
added his earnings to the family treasury. For - 
five years he lumbered on the Tittabawassee River 
and Swan Creek, and during four years of that 
time he ran a sawmill. He settled on his farm in 
1853. There were then no improvements here 
and he built the first barn in this valley. He here 
owns eighty acres of land, seventy acres of which 
are under cultivation. Al one time he held two 
hundred and twenty acres, but has sold it, all with 
the exception of that 141011 which he lives. 

Mr. Wiltse was married Ma\ 30, 1849, to llul- 
dah Alma,, a native of New York State, who was 
born January 1, 1830. They were the parents 
of eleven children, ten of whom lived to be 
grown. They are Eliza, Minnie, Mina, Clara, Dan, 
lien, .lames. Rhoda E. (who died in infancy ), John, 



Rhoda and Edward. Mrs. Wiltse died in 1880. 
Our subject has evei been an ardent huntsman and 
has killed upwards of from two hundred to five 
hundred deer. He used regularly to go North for 
fifteen years to shool dee!-. The past three years 
are the first that he lias missed, lie now devotes 
himself to mixed farming and has a good home 
and barns. ( >n first coming to this country his 
playmates were often the Indian children and he 
learned to use their language. He is a Democrat 
iu politics and lias served as Supervisor of the 
township for five years, and also as Treasurer and 
Highway Commissioner and has been Justice of the 
Peace for three terms. 

rimii ■■:: iiinj- 

' Atol! KNOBLAUCH, proprietor of the 
Wes1 Bay City Brewery, has had charge of 
that enterprise since 1883, buying it at 
that time from John Kohler and organiz- 
ing the AVest Bay City Brewing Company. The 
old plant was entirely taken down and rebuilt, 
and the new brewery now has a capacity of 12,000 
barrels a year, and gives employment to ten "men. 
The product is sold mostly to the city trade, with 
which the house has a large connection. A \ iew 
of the brewery appears elsewhere in this volume. 
Mr. Knoblauch was born in Wurtemburg, Get 
many, February 18, 1831. In his native land he 
received his education and learned the trade of a 
carpenter and joiner. At the age of twenty-one 
he came to America, and first located in Cincin- 
nati, Ohio, where lie worked at his trade. He was 
there married to Miss Mary K. Guethlein on the 
the l.'ith of Septamber, 1853. 

On August 31, 1856, Mr. Knoblauch came 
to Kay City and located in what was then known 
as the village of Lower Saginaw. At that time it 
was heavily timbered and no streets were laid out. 
Fie built a small house, which he enlarged as he 
was able, working lirst at his trade and afterward 
securing contracts which lie carried out. He 
finally bought the planing mill of Thomas Carney, 
and there manufactured sash, doors and Minds. 
carrying on that business for some seven years. 

He then took the position of foreman for Smith 
& Wheeler, and while with them superintended 
all the inside work of the Westover Opera House. 

In 1876 Mr. Knoblauch was elected County Treas- 
urer, and held that olticc for two years. In 1879 
he was chosen City Treasurer, and was re-elected 
at the expiration of his term of office, lie has 
also been Supervisor for a number of terms. In 
1883 he bought an interest in the brewery, which 
represents a capital of $50,000, and of which he 
is now sole proprietor. He also owns two hun- 
dred acres of land in Kawkawlin Township, and 
property in Fraser Township. He has erected a 
fine residence at the corner of Madison Avenue 
and Third Street, and holds considerable estate. 
He is a member of the Arbeiter and Arion So- 

Mr. and Mrs. Knoblauch have a family of seven 
children living, namely: Catherine, wife of George 
Szyporski. a merchant tailor of this city; Rosa; 
Josephine, who is principal of the Eifth Ward 
public school; George, a machinist in Sacra- 
mento Citv.Cal.; Mary, who i- Mrs. Arnold Xacht- 
weith, of Saginaw; Wilhelm; and Oswald !'.. who 
is with his father in business- 



DAM WEGST. We have here another of 
the well-known manufacturers of Saginaw, 
one who conducts the Saginaw Carriage 

work.- on Jones Street near the Arbeiter 
Hall. This senior member of the firm of Wegst & 
Beck was born in Wurtemberg, Germany, November 
2, 1833, and his parent- were George and Rosa 
Wegst. Thi father was in the employ of the 
Government and died when Adam was only two 
and one-hall' year- old. The boy remained at home 
attending school until nearly fourteen years old, 
after which he learned the cooper's trade, serving 
a three years' apprenticeship, and at the age of 
seventeen came to America in 1851. The sailing 
vessel in which they came was fi rty-eight days in 
making the voyage and in a shipwreck on Coney 
Island our subject lost all his baggage. 

The voting man came West as far as Cleveland 


95448.1 A 



without means or acquaintances and after six 
i]Kmth>' service there went to Painesville, where he 
spent two years in a furnace and then returned to 
Cleveland and took up the business of a cooper! 
working for one employer for eight years and for 
one winter, during the cholera scourge, was at 
Washington Harbor, Wis. In April, 1861, hecame 
to Saginaw, where lie became partner with Fred 
Rump in the cooper business and then became fore- 
man for Mr. Ten Eyck & Co., who was then employ- 
ing eighteen men. After that firm sold out he 
took the position of foreman for the Orange County 
Works at Carrollton until 1886, after which he be- 
came a partner in the firm of Wegst & Mark, con- 
tinuing this until 1873. when he bought out his 
partner and carried on a large trade. 

Inl886Mr. Wegst established a partnership with 
his son-in-law. Mr. Heck, and erected buildings at 
a cost of $9,000, with one hundred and fifty feet 
front mi Jones Streel and one hundred and twenty 
feel in depth. They employ from ten to fifteen 
men and he gives his attention entirely to their 
oversight. This firm also has a two-story brick 

si men i on Genesee Avenue, and the residence ol 

our subject is at the corner of Park and Germania 
A venues. 

The marriage of Mr. Wegst took place at Cleve- 
land, March 2'-'i. 1856, and his bride was Js bina 

( eller, who came from Wurtemberg in 1854. She 
died Eebrnary 16, L891, leaving one adopted son, 
John, and two daughters, Emma Eliza, now Mrs. 
Philip Bvk.and Minnie who was also adopted at 
the age of seven years and is now a young lady 
of twenty-two. They had had one son, Otto, who 
died at the age of three day-. ( )n account of fail- 
ing heal !h the son John was sent to ( lolorado at the 

age uf twenty-two and has resided there <>r in the 
Wesl since since 1872, but for the last nine years 
he has nol been in active correspondence with his 
parents and the last time he was heard from he had 
gone tu Las Vegas, New Mexico. Mr. Wegst is a 
member of th i Germania Society and has filled var- 
ious offices in the Workingman's Aid Society. 
In his church c mnection he i- associated with the 
Lutheran Church. 

.1. Philip Beck, the son-in-law and partner of Mr. 
Wegst, was born in Ann Arbor, July 20, 1861, and 

isason of Jonasand Mattha Beck. He had his early 
education and his training in his trade at Ann 
Arbor, and in 1879 he came to Saginaw and after 
a year went to Detroit. For six months he found 
employment in the edged-tool works and also in 
the Michigan saw and file works, and then with $300 
capital opened his own business and in the course 
Of three years has built up his trade SO as to give 
employment to four or live men. Mr. Beck is a 
member of the National Carriage Maker's Associa- 
tion of the United Stales and has taken premiums 
at the Chicago Exposition of the association which 
convened in 1890. 

The plant of this concern has a frontage of one 
hundred and fifty feet and the main building is 
two stories in height with a three-story structure 
in the rear, altogether fumishing'about twenty-two 
thousand feet of floor space. The building is di- 
vided into various commodious departments for 
storage, finishing, upholstering, painting etc. Oniy 
skilled workmen arc employed and every piece of 
work i- guaranteed, so that no more beautiful or 
finely finished carriages are made than this estab- 
lishment turns out. Thoroughly seasoned second 
growth hickory forms the running gear, and each 
workman endeavors to excel in his own specialty. 
Every employe is imbued with Mr. Beck's enthusi- 
asm and pride and all work in complete harmony 
for the production of superior articles. Mr. Beck 
supervises all and inspects every detail. I [e is meth- 
odical in all his actions and the arrangement of 
each department shows the inlluence of a master 
hand. He was not favored with advantages for 
a higher education but he has undoubted talents 
and native tact and ability and is a most successful 



':."" ' •• 

RCIIIBALI) Mi Ml LLAX. editor-in-chief of 
vHII the riwes-PresSjOCCupieo a prominent place 
I ' not i > 1 1 i \ among the journalists of Bay 
City, but of Michigan as well. He is a 
native of this Male and was born in Detroit. June 
1."). 1837. His father, who bore the same name as 
himself was born in New Hampshire, but came to 



Michigan at a very early day. so that the family 
ranks among the earliest American pioneers of this 
stair. They came to Michigan in 1809, and were 
residents of Detroit when Gen. Hull surrendered 
it to the British in 1812. 

At the beginning of the War of 1812, before 
the news of the declaration of hostilities had 
reached the settlement, Grandfather McMillan was 
shot and scalped bj' Indians almost in sight of the 
fort. He was accompanied by his little son, a 
lad of ten years, who was captured and carried 
into captivity by the savage foes. At the close 
of the war the child was exchanged and thus re- 
gained his freedom. Among the early pioneers of 
Michigan no woman was better known than Mary 
McMillan, grandmother of our subject, who. not- 
withstanding the hardships incident to pioneer 
life ami the perils from Indians, was a courageous 
helpmate to her husband as long as he lived and a 
devoted mother to her children. 

The subject of this biographical notice received 
his early education, for the most part, in the com- 
i schools of Michigan, and when in his seven- 
teenth year entered the office of the Jackson Pa- 
triot to learn the printing business. The famous 
Wilbur I-', storey, of the Chicago rimes, had been 
editor of that paper, but about 1853 he went to 
Detroit and purchased the Free Press. Mr. Mc- 
Millan soon removed to Detroit and secured em- 
ployment in the Free Press and other offices, 
where he remained until 1863, with the excep- 
tion of a term in the Commercial College and the 
Wilson Collegiate Institute. New York. In those 
institutions the excellent common-school educa 
tion which he had received was supplemented by 
a thorough course of instruction. 

In March, 1863, Mr. McMillan enlisted in the 
Twelfth Michigan Battery and was mustered into 
the United States service with the rank of First 
Sergeant. He served until the close of the war in 
Kentucky and Tennessee, having received promo- 
tion to Firsl Lieutenant as a reward for meritori- 
ous service. Returning to Detroit, he engaged in 
the mercantile trade until 1879, when he became 
editor and publisher of the Dexter Leader, and 
there gained a state reputation as a vigorous as 

*n,.|| ;i> Inn 'OUS writer. hi 1876 lie removed to 

Bay City, where he established the Observer, and 
continued as its editor until \xlx. He then lie- 
came connected as editorial writer with the Bay 
City Tribune and the Lumberman's Gazette. Dur- 
ing the following year he assisted in establishing 
the Bay City Eoening Pi-ess, which speedily took 
rank as the leading paper of the city. 

At the present time ( L892) Mr. McMillan is the 
President of the Bay City Ti'dk'x Company and 
editor-in-chief of the Times-Press, which was 
formed by the consolidation of the Evening Press 
with the Bay City Times. The Times-Press, which 
is the only evening paper in Bay City, has a large 
circulation and occupies a leading and influential 
position among the journals of the State. Mr. Mc- 
Millan is well known throughout Michigan as a 
\ tgorous thinker and a clear, forcible and elegant 
writer. He is also in no slight repute as an 
after-dinner speaker, for humor seems innate in 
lii> composition, despite his personal appearance 
to the contrary. 

, \ AMI HL S. STONE, D. S. This popular 
^S^ dentist, who learned his profession in East 
\J_Jj) Saginaw with Dr. E. 1.. Baker, and after- 
ward studied for three years with Dr. 1. 
I., smith, of Indianapolis, hid., has his office at 
No. Hi' Court Street, in the Andre Block, al Wot 
Saginaw. He entered Dr. Baker's office at the age 
of eighteen, having been a resident in his family 
for four years previous to that time. He was born 
at Stone's Island. Saginaw County, March 25, 1850, 
and is the son of Henry I.. Stone, who settled in 
Saginaw County at an early day. when there were 
only two houses in East Saginaw, two in Saginaw 
City and two in Bay City. 

The father of our suoject was a New Yorker by 
birth and was a lake captain by vocation. He 
sailed the -II. L. Mary," of Toledo, a schooner 
doing a general freight business. At that time the 
nearest grist-mill was at Flint and the settlers had 
to live in true pioneer style. The captain had a 

brother, Solomon Stone, who was one of the old 



Indian traders and settled near his brother cm 
Stone's island, where he died only eighl years 
ago, at the age of eighty-two, leaving oue daugh- 
ter, who is still living in thai vicinity. Capt. 
Henry L. Stone died while still serving as captain 
<m the "H. L. Mary," and was buried mi the 
banks of the St. (lair River. 

Samuel S. Stone is the youngest of the parental 
family. The other- are Henry, who lives at Mau- 
mee; Minerva; .Mary, who lives at Essexville, Bay 
County, and Alice, who lives at Maumee. The 
mother of this family died when Samuel was 
<mly six months old and his home was with an 
uncle until he reached the age of ten. when he 
was thrown wholly on his own resources. At that 
lime he came to West Saginaw and did such 
work a- he could find to do in connection with 
tugboats and indeed all kind- of labor, such as 
rafting logs. When about fourteen years old he 
became identified with Dr. Baker's family, and 
after thai made hi- home there, attending school 
during two terms and studying in the office when 
not occupied otherwise. That professional gen- 
tleman, who did so much to forward I lie industry 
of this young man in his poverty and friendle-s- 
ness, -till lives in the city and make- hi- home on 
Court Street. 

After thus devoting four years to the study of 
hi- prole-ion with Dr. Baker, young stone went 
to Indianapolis, taking a thorough practical course 
of three year- with Dr Smith, and then returned 
to Saginaw and was in the employ of Dr. Baker for 
three year-, after which he opened his Own Office 

and ha- since been in active practice most of the 
time in tin- city, although he -pent two years in 
Reed City. 

The marriage of Dr. stone with Mi-- Rebecca 
Whitney, daughter of Hiram Whitney, took place 
March 30, 1878. Mr. Whitney, who was a carpen- 
ter and had resided in thiscounty for thirty years, 
died three yen- ago, passing away June 13, 1888. 
Hi- daughter was born in Ohio .Inly 24, 1853, ami 

ha- become lllC mother of four children — Alice. 

Bessie, Arthur and Daisy. Arthur died Augusl 
8, ls' the age of -even years, his death hav- 
ing been the resull of spinal meningitis. 

The political views of Dr. stone make him inde- 

pendent in the matter of hi- ballot, as he prefers 
to use his own judgment in regard to its disposi- 
tion rather than vote for men and measures pre- 
scribed by party leaders. He gives Ins exclusive 

attention to hi- piofe— ion and has a handsomely- 
equipped office with a complete -et of the linest 
dental instruments. He is prepared to do the lie-t 
work, both in the treatment of diseased teeth ami 
in the manufacture and adjustment of plate work, 
in all of which he has been eminently successful. 

7<>RD<). RUSLING, Manager and Secretary 
) of the West Bay City Street Railroad Com- 
pany, is an experienced electrician, having 
made a study of that science in his travels over the 
United Stale-. When he came to this city the 

street railway was in rather a dilapidated c I it ion. 

but by his natural executive ability and pu-h he 
has succeeded in building il up in good shape, and 
i- it- pre-ent intelligent manager. 

Mr. Rusling i- the -on of Joseph I-'. Rusling,and 
wa- horn in New Brunswick, N. .1., .May 13, 1st!.".. 
His grandfather, Sedgewick Rusling, was born in 
England. After landing in America, hi' made his 
home for a time in New York City, and later went 
to New Jersey, where Sedgewick became a minister 
of the Co-pel in the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
lie passed In- la-t days at Lawrenceville, Pa., after 
having lived a noble and useful life. 

The father of our subject was a prominent rail- 
road contractor, having built the Bound Brook 
route, now part of the Pennsylvania Railroad, of 
which he wa- made President, lie later wa- in- 
strumental in building the Ohio Central Road and 
in all hi- undertakings ha- been successful. In 
1883 he retired from active business life and set- 
tled near hi- farm in Lawrenceville, Pa., since then 
superintending the operation- of In- magnificenl 
estate of one thousan'd acres in Steuben County, 
N. V. Being of a somewhal inventive mind, our 
subject's father has obtained patent- on several 
piece- of machinery, among which is a hay press 
which was the Mrs! of it- kind that was ever put 
into practical use, Very few men had more pro- 



gressive ideas and tendencies than Mr. Rusling, 
and he was ever ambitious to stand at the head in 
whatever he undertook. lie was the President of 
one of the Conferences held in the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church of which denomination he was an 
active member. 

Mis> Stella S. Orton was the maiden name of our 
subject's mother, who was born in Lindley. N. V.. 
and was the daughter of Milton P. Orton. a na- 
tive of New England, who was graduated at Yale 
College; he was a prominent physician and sur- 
geon residing in Lindley. X. Y. During the Civil 
War Dr. Orton had charge of the hospital on the 
Jersey coast, where his decease occurred in 1m; I. 
In religious affairs he was an active member of the 
Presbyterian Church. 

Ford O. Rusling was the third child in his par- 
ents' family of six children, lie was educated in 
the academy of Lawrenceville, Pa., being graduated 
therefrom when less than eighteen years of age. 
He then began studying to become an electrician 
and in 1881 came to East Saginaw and became an 
employe of the Swift Electric Light Company, and 
a year later was made it- Superintendent. When 
the company established a plant in Bay City. Mr. 
Rusling was made Superintendent at this place. He 
remained with that company until 1884, when he 
went to Chicago as experl for the Brush Electric 
Company, and traveled as a representative of that 
firm through the Northwesl to the Pacific Coast. 
Two years later he became identified with the 
Schuyler Electric Company, of Hartford, Conn., as 
expert electrician and traveled in their interest 
through the East and New England for one year 
and then spent three years in erecting a plant for 
that company in Wichita. Kan. Mr. Rusling next 
went to St. Joe, Mo., where he became Superinten- 
dent and electrician of an electric railway plant, 
then went on to Chicago as special agenl for the 
Connecticut Motor Company, and traveled for 
them all over tin' United state-. 

In 1891 Mr. Rusling became Manager and Secre- 
tary of the West Baj ( it\ street Railway Com- 
pany and has revised the system until it i- one of 
the best in the State, and gives perfect satisfaction. 
Bay City owe- an incalculable d( bt to those of her 
business men who have been sufficiently broad ami 

far-sighted to plan such conveniences and improve- 
ments in the city as conduce to the prosperity of 
business and therefore to the growth of the town. 
Such an one is Mr. Rusling. who has given a much 
needed stimulus to the manufacturing interests of 
the We-t Side by the improvements which he has 
made in the street railway system since coming 


Iii December. 1887, our subject took until him- 
self a wife anil helpmate in the person of Miss 
Kate Scott Clapp, a native of Elmira, X. Y., and of 
this union has been born two children. Stella Orton 
and Anna Scott. Mr. Rusling is a Free and Ac- 
cepted Mason, and is a member of the National 
Electric Association. In politics he is a Repub- 
lican, but reserves the right to vote for the best 
man regardless of party. 


AMES GRAHAM. The large-hearted owner 
of the line farm on section 32, Thoniastown 
Township, is a native of the country where- 
in Tom Moore is held dear, and where the 
shamrock is the symbol of unity, devotion and 
faith. Mr. Graham was born in County Tyrone, 
Ireland. September 8, L830. He is the son of An- 
drew and Jane (Graham) Graham. His father was 
a shoe-maker by trade and emigrated to Canada. 
settling in Upper Canada West in 1834. lie spent 
the remainder of his life in Dun das, Canada West, 
where he was the proprietor of a -hoe -tore. His 
decease occurred at the age of fifty-eight years. 

The married life of our subject's parent- was 
blessed by the advent of six children — .lame-. 
Eliza, Andrew, who is deceased; Margaret. Mary 
(deceased), and John. Mrs. Andrew Graham died 
at the age of seventy-four year.-. She was making 
her home with her daughter at the time. They 
were members of the Episcopal Church. Reared in 
Canada, our subject was there sent to the district 
school, and spent the intervals of his school life in 
work on the farm. On reaching his majority he 
became independent and worked for himself, rent- 
ing the farm and working oul by the month. 



Mr. Graham came to Thomastown Township in 

the fall of 1852, making the journey principally 
by stage. He was first employed by James Fraser 
in the lumber woods, and in the spring of 1853 
purchased eighty acres of land which was thickly 
timbered. Upon it he erected a log shanty which 
wa> 18x24 feet in dimensions. Heat once began 
the work of clearing, and was the only settler for 
miles around. There were no roads and no bridges 
and he used to go to Saginaw in a canoe. He was 
obliged to cut roads in order to gain an exit from 
his own farm. There was a large settlement of In- 
dians one and a half miles from his farm. It was 
to their advantage to live on friendly terms with 
them and they were constant visitors at the cabin. 
They used to trade venison for pork, and our sub- 
ject learned their language. Many has been the 
time when the family were in need of meats, that 
Mr. Graham has gone out on his own farm and 
killed a deer. The wolves prowled hungrily around 
the cabin at night. The young man kept "bache- 
lor's hall" for three years, and wasengaged in lum- 
bering for eight winters on Swan Creek, taking 
pine off six hundred and forty acres of land the 
first year he lumbered on the Swan Creek. 

Mr. Graham became the owner of two hundred 
and forty acres here. He has sold off a small 
amount of this and now owns two hundred acres, 
one hundred of which are well improved. He 
was married in October, 1858, to Miss Fhebe A. 
Bounting, a, native of New Jersey. Mrs. Graham 
was the mother of two children, Elizabeth and 
Anna. The former married John McBratnie, and 
Lives with Mr. Graham on his farm; the latter mar- 
ried Frank Thomas, and lives at Hemlock City. 
Mrs. Phebe Graham died in July, 1863. 

In December, 1864, he of whom we write took 
upon himself the second time the duties and re- 
sponsibilities of married life, his bride being Eliza 
M. Stiff, a native of New Jersey, who died on 
the 8th of December, 1887. Our subject is the 
Owner of a neat frame house which was erected 
in 1873. His barns are large and capacious enough 
to hold the bountiful harvests which he has. Dur- 
ing the lire of 1871 helostabarn containing grain, 
the fire involving the loss of $2,000. He divided 
the amount of the insurance, which was $500 with 

his lawyer. In his religious creed he inclines to the 
Baptist faith, while in political affairs he is a Demo- 
crat, although lie was a voter for and admirer of 
Abraham Lincoln. He has held nearly all the town- 
ship offices and was Supervisor from 1883 to 1887, 
and was Justice of the Peace for twenty-rive years. 

He has been Scl 1 Inspector for eight yea is. and has 

held the office of Director ever since the district wis 
organized in 1858, with the exception of three 



\ |OIIN G. SCIIEMM, whose place of business 
is located at No. 926 North Hamilton Street, 
Saginaw, is carrying on the brewing busi- 
ness. In 1866 our subject formed a part- 
nership with Chris Truheler, and the linn prose- 
cuted their calling under the linn name of Schennn 
<Sl Truheler for three years, when the junior mem- 
ber retired, Our subject then took in as his part- 
ner Charles Schoiiheit, who remained with hi in 
until 1882, when Mr. Schemm became sole proprie- 
tor of the brewery. 

When first engaging in the brewing business our 
subject, Ills partner, Mr. Truheler, and one man did 
all the work. They erected a plant at a cost of 
over $10,000, being able to pay for only half of it 
at the time, however, and ran in debt for the re- 
mainder. Their output the lirst year was twelve 
hundred barrels of beer, and they have increased 
their capacity each year until they now manufac- 
ture ten thousand barrels. Their operations were 
so extensive that they were compelled to erect a 
larger and more convenient building, which was 
completed in 1890, and cost about $60,000. The 
main building has a frontage of one hundred four- 
teen feet on Hamilton Street, is one hundred feet 
deep anil live stories high. Mr. Schemm employs 
sixteen men in his brewery. He makes his own 
malt, using about twenty-four thousand bushels of 
barley yearly. The market for his beer is entirely 

He of whom we write was born in Bavaria, Ger- 
many, January 7, 183 1. He is the son of Frede- 
rick and Catherine Schemm, natives also of Ger 



many. The family came to Michigan in 1852, and 
located nine miles from Detroit, where he assisted 
his father in clearing and improving a ('arm. lie 
rami' to Saginaw in 1864, and for 'two years en- 
gag< d as a teamster. At thai time lie did not know 
much about the brewing business, hut since engag- 
ing in the manufacture of beer gives it his personal 
attention. Mr. Schemm is the owner of sixty acres 
of beautiful land within the < ■ i t v limits of Sagi- 

Mr. Schemm was united in marriage, October 26, 
185(>, in Macomb County, this State, to Miss Emily 
Heiser, also a native of Germany. Our subject and 
his wife are the parents of the following children: 
Emily, the wife of Charles Reidel, who is book- 
keeper in the ofticeof Mr. Schemm 's brewery; Au- 
gusta, Mrs. John Friedlein ; George M.,a physician. 
who lias his office in the Barnard Block; Dora is 
Mrs. Christ Streb; Henrietta is at home with her 
parents; Ferdinand was killed in a boiler explo- 
sion of a shingle-mill. Two children died in in- 
fancy. Our subject is a devoted member of the 
Lutheran ( ihurch. 

I OIIN McLEAN. Saginaw County is the 
home of many prosperous and influential 
farmers, and amonu these perhaps no one 
enjoys to a greater degree the respect of his 
associates than the gentleman whose name intro- 
duces this biography. The line farm on section 
•"> 1. .loneslield Township, is his property, and has 
through his efforts been reclaimed from the wilder- 
ness. It comprises one hundred and twenty acres, 
of which sixty-five acres are under splendid culti- 
vation, and the place is embellished with a first- 
class set of buildings, the most conspicuous of 
which is the commodious residence erected by Mr. 
McLean in 1885. 

No nation in the world enjoys a more enviable 
reputation for thrift and perseverance than Scot- 
land, the land of the thistle. In that country Mr. 
McLean was horn November 23, 1817, his parents 
being Peter and Agnes (Brack) McLean, natives of 

the same country where he first saw the light. The 
father, a miller and millwrighl by trade, came to 
America in 1820 and followed his trade tor three 
months at Quebec. Thence he removed to Mont- 
real, from there to Cliambly, eighteen miles east 
of Montreal, and alter spending six years in that 
place, went to Maskinonge, where he made his 
home three years. Next we find him hack in 
Montreal and later on a farm in the cistern part of 
Canada, settling there in 1833 and devoting the 
remainder of his life to developing it from its 
primitive condition to a cultivated place. His 
death occurred when he was eighty-two years old. 
His wife died March I. 1842. 

(If the four children born to Peter and Agnes 
McLean, three are now living, viz.: Elizabeth, the 
widow of Peter Maris, and the mother of seven 
children; John, the subject ol this sketch, and 
William, who lives in Indiana. The parents weir 
members of the Presbyterian Church, in which he 
was collecting steward, and both were activi in 
all good works, lie was a soldier in the British 
army at the time of the battle of Waterloo. Our 
Subjed was only three years old when lie was 
brought by his parents to America, and his boy- 
hood was passed in Canada. In 1837 he enlisted 
in the Sheaffor Loyal Volunteers in Canada, serv- 
ing three and one-half years and participating in 
an engagement at Cisco Bay. He was promoted 

to he a Corporal, and in 1840 was made Sergeant, 
ill which capacity he was serving at ihe time of 
his discharge. 

At the age of twenty-three years Mr. McLean 
started out in life on Ins own account, and coming 
to the state of Vermont, engaged in the milling 
business. After sojourning there two years hi' 

went I ie and took care of li is mother until she 

died. June 6, 1842. he returned to Vermont and 
was married to Miss Flora Cameron, who was horn 
June 12, 1815, in Scotland. After that important 
event Mr. .McLean first made his home with his 
father, and later went into the surrounding uncul- 
tivated country, engaging in building mills. After 
spending seven months in this way he and his wife 
removed to Abbotsford, Canada, and settled on a 
farm, where they remained two and one-half years. 
Next we find Mr. McLean employed in putting 



machinery in a tannery at Milton, Canada, and 
engaged as foreman in the tannery. 

Thence Mr. McLean removed to Roxton Falls. 
Canada, where he built grist and saw mills and 
was employed in different occupations for twelve 
years. Then crossing into the United state- he 
remained at Springfield, Mass., for eight months. 
and was afterward with a railroad company two 
and one-halt' years in Vermont. On July 1. IKIiT. 
he settled on his present farm which was then 
wholly wild and unimproved, and at that time 
there were only six families in the entire town- 
ship. The place comprised one hundred and sixty 
acres, which lie commenced at once to clear; he 
erected a log house for his family. After a long 
and happy wedded life he was deeply bereaved by 
the death of hi> wife, January 7, 1888, she being 
aged seventy-two years, six months and twenty- 
six days. 

Mr. and Mrs. McLean had a family of six chil- 
dren, of whom live are now living: Jane is the 
wife of James Magauran. of Joneslield Township, 
and they have seven children; Agnes, who married 
Roberl Reed, of Wisconsin, has six children; Peter, 
who lives iii California, is married and has one 
child: Donald lives in the West; William J. II. 
married Isabella McDonald and they, with their 
three children, live on the old homestead; Flora 
died in girlhood. For many years Mr. Mel. can 
has heen a member of the Wesleyan Methodist 
Church, in which he has been very active, serving 
as Steward, Trustee and Class-Leader. His chil- 
dren were given excellent opportunities for gain- 
ing good educations, anil the three eldest were 
proficient in both the Englis*!! and French lan- 

Mr. McLean has been Moderator of his school 
district for nine years and has also served as Di- 
rector. Through his efforts four schoolhouses 
have been erected, and two of these he built alone. 
Upon national issues, he votes the Democratic 
ticket, hut in local affairs he gives his support to 
the best man irrespective of party ties. For eight 
years he served as Township Treasurer, for two 
terms as Supervisor, and is now filling his third 
term as Justice of the Peace; he is also at present 
Chairman of the Board of School Inspectors. 

When he surrendered the funds held by him as 
Treasurer, he handed over $1,222.99 in cash to his 
successor in office, a fact which attracted notice 
because it was the first time a balance had beer 
turned over. Mr. McLean assisted in the organi- 
zation of the township in 1873; he has served as 
Road Overseer for many years and has been instru- 
mental in advancing the interests of the com- 

■^-*^-*fe< 4^^. - ->* , 

i — 7 RED C. ROSS. Forernosl among the busi- 

[— (s\ ness men of West Bay City is this gentle- 
1 man, who is engaged in a wholesale -and 

retail lumber business off Midland Street on the 
Michigan Central Railroad, also in the manufac- 
turing of moldings and finishing lumber, both hard 
and soft pine. In every relation of life he occupies 
a prominent position as one of the representative 
citizens of the Saginaw Valley, and his thorough 
knowledge of all the details of his business has ex- 
erted a leading influence in securing for his enter- 
prises the prosperity and steady increase which 
lhe\ have enjoyed from their inception until the 
present time. 

A native of this State, Mr. Ross was born m De- 
troit, July 11, 1805. and was reared and educated 
in his native city. His father. I). A. Ross, was born 
anil reared near Ml. Clemens, this State, and at an 
early age drifted into the lumber business in De- 
troit, where he was a pioneer lumberman, and was 
probably one of the largest car trade lumber deal- 
ers in any portion of the State. In 1MK1 he came 
to Ray City and started in the wholesale and re- 
tail lumber business on the corner of Bowery and 
Fifteenth Streets, lie is now manager of the firm 
of Ross, Bradley A' Co., lumber dealers, in which 
our subject, is also a stockholder. Having had over 
thirty-live years experience in the lumber business, 
he_ possesses a practical knowledge of every detail 
Of the business, and has become well-to-do through 
shrewd investments. The mother of our subject. 
whose maiden name was Mary Daniels, died in De- 
troit in 1K78. 

The second in order of birth among three surviv- 



ing children, Mr. Ross passed his youth in Detroit, 
where he received the rudiments of his education 
in the common schools, and later studied in the 
High School. He wasgraduated from Goldsmith's 
Business College in 1881, at the age of sixteen 
years, and accompanied his father to Bay City, 
where he worked in the office and lumber yards. 
Two years later he went on the road as the repre- 
sentative of the firm of Ross, Bradley & Co., in the 
East, and had his headquarters in Philadelphia, Pa., 
while his territory covered a large portion of the 
East. He did a large business and traveled over 
thirty thousand miles a year. In the fall of 1890, 
Mr. Koss returned to Bay City, and has since been 
engaged in the lumber business for himself, lie 
was a stockholder when the linn of Boss, Bradley 
A Co.. was incorporated in January, 1890, and still 

has an interest in the business. The enterprise in 

which heat present engages, was started by him in 
the fall of 1890, as a successor to Moses Howe, and 
he now manages the largest retail businessin West 
Bay City. Steam-power is' used in his establish- 
ment, and all necessary improvements have been 
added from time to time as needed. While his 
business requires his constant and close attention, 
and he can devote but little attention to politics, 
he is a strong Republican, and an ardent adherent 
of its principles, lie has established a home at No. 
502 North Henry Street, and that attractive abode 
is presided over by his wife, whose maiden name was 
Annie Bernard, and who was horn m Detroit. She 
became the wife of Mr. Boss at Bay City in 1890, 
and shares with him the esteem and good will of 
the community. They are the parents of one son. 



|7_^ ON. GEORGE WASHINGTON, a promi- 

jY) nent real-estate and insurance man of Bay 

City, is also interested in the business of 

D) millinery and fancy g Is. lie was born 

in County Roscommon, Ireland, duly 25, 1851. 
and when one year old came with his parents, 
George and Margaret (Kenney) Washington, to 
this country. They settled in Hamilton, Ontario. 

and our subject spent his earh life upon the farm, 
and received :i good practical common-school edu- 

Before he was sixteen years old, this young man 
came to Bay County, and located in West. Bay 
City, entering the employ of II. W. SageA Co., and 
of Weidman & Wright, being their foreman in the 
woods until 1874. He then began his mercantile 
career in Wenona, which is now West, Bay City, 
and bought a general stock and established him- 
self on I. inn street. Afterward he went to Mid- 
land Street, where he had a larger store and re- 
mained in business until 1878, when he was elected 
Sheriff on the Democratic ticket, ami was tin 1 
only one who was elected on that county ticket 
during' that campaign. He served for two terms. 
being re-elected in 1880, with a largely increased 
majority, and his incumbency of that office was 
satisfactory to the citizens irrespective of party. 

This stirring citizen was somewhat remarkable 
as a young man. as he was President of the village 
of Wenona before he was twenty-two years old. 
and at the time of the consolidation of Salzburg, 
Wenona. and Banks into West Bay City, he was 
President of the village council, and was nomina- 
ted for its first Mayor, but declined to run. At 
the time of the second campaign he accepted a 
nomination and was elected Mayor, and was serv- 
ing in thai capacity when he was elected Sheriff, 
although he was not thin thirty years old. 

( )n New Year's day. 1*7:1, Mr. Washington re- 
moved to Bay City, where lie filled the office of 
Sheriff, resigning his .Mayoralty of West Bay City 
lint he might devote himself entirely to his new 
office. After holding office for two terms, he went 
into the mercantile business again, locating on Wa- 
ter Street, where hi' carried on a general -lore and 
grocery until he was appointed Postmaster, which 
position he held until the close of Cleveland's ad- 
ministration, after which he resumed business until 
July 8, 1891, when he closed out his general mer- 
chandise and grocery stock, and put in a millinery 
and fancy goods business which he operated with 
the help of his wife and sister, and he is now en- 
gaged in insurance and loans with an office in the 
Crapo Block. 

Our subject is now one of the County Commis- 








-ion <ts for constructing stone roads in this county, 
having been appointed by the Board of Super- 
\ isors. lb- has beer at various limes interested in 
newspaper business, and now owns 1 1 1 » - plant mi 
which the Bay City Democrat is printed, lie lias 
.-it different times been in the lumber business in 
the North since 1874, when lie lirsl became inter- 
ested in ii until the time wjien he was elected Sher- 
iff of the county. lie and his brother were a1 first 
the onh men who were interested in West Branch-, 
and bad the first and onlj store there for a long 
time, and practically established the town. His 
marriage with .Miss Adeline Campbell, of West Bay 
City, was solemnized November (5, 1K84, and tlu-\ 
have three beautiful children — Adeline. Mary 
Blanch and Edward. 

LONZO VANDUSEN. The pioneer farmer 

of whose life we here give a record came 

1 to Tittabawassee Township in I860 and 

for many years labored here, laying the 
foundation of the handsome property which In- 
left to his widow when called hence by death in 
L890. lie was horn in New York and jusl previous 
to coming to Michigan was united in marriage with 
Maria, daughter of John and Chloe (Giddings) 


Mr. Stow was a native of the old Baj Slate and 
his wife was horn in New York as was also their 
daughter whose natal day was January 27. 1827. 
.Air. Stow was a hard working farmer and was able 
to give his daughter very .scanty opportunities for 
an education, hut she was a young woman of more 
than ordinary ability and enterprise and was an 
efficient helper 1o her young husband during the 
years which they spent together on their new farm 
in what was then called the far \Yest. 

Industry and economy were practiced by this 
3 l: couple unflinchingly, and before .Mi-. Van- 

dusen's death they had so arranged their property 
that a line competence was secured to her through 

life and she is now enabled to spend the balance of 

her days in ease and retirement. They had cleared 


forty acresof line land and built a beautiful home, 
excellent barns and outbuildings before the dark 

angel of death called him away. I le lived and en- 
joyed the ruits of his labor for many years, and 
died al the age of .seventy-four. 

Mrs. Vandusen is a lady of religious and charita- 
ble disposition and is more than ordinarily useful 
in the community. Her generous hand is ever 
ready to extend aid to the needy and her good 
business abilities and excellent judgment arc often 
called into play in active measures of philanthropic 
and church work. She has been doubly bereaved. 
as her parents were both called away from life 
some years ago. She and her brother who resides 
in the State of New York, arc all that are left of a 
family of five children who once gathered about 
her father's fireside'. Mr. Yandusen's political 
preferences and vote were with the Democratic 
party. Mrs. Vandusen has now placed her farm in 
the bands of a faithful tenant from whom she re- 
ceives a cash valuation for its use. and is thus re- 
lieved from all responsibility as to details of busi- 

We invite the attention of our many readers to 
a lithographic portrait of Mr. Vandusen on an- 
other page 

... -**.,.*, - ^^^^r^^rH^ 

Y OHM BARR. Mr. Barr belongs to thai re- 
markable band of self-made nun who 
through the most toilsome of marches has 
struggled upward to an acknowledged em- 
inence in social and commercial standing among 
the men of his locality. His name is a synonym 
in Saginaw County for all that is honorable, benev- 
olent and worthy of a Christian. He now resides 
on section is, Saginaw Township, and has been 
engaged for many years as a brick-maker, whose 
industry and excelient work have met withsuccess. 
Mr. Barr was bom in Glasgow, Scotland, dune 1, 
1819. lb- i- a -on of Robert and Margaret (Barr) 
Barr, both Scotch people. His father was a manu- 
facturer of line muslins. 

Robert Barr died at the age of seventy-eighi 
years. His wife, who was a native of Paislc\ . 



Scotland, reared two children of whom our subject 
alone now lives, she was a devoted Presbyterian 
in her religious life and died at the age of fifty-six 
years. Our subject's paternal grandfather was 
James Barr. He was a curer and packer of hams, 
which were famous throughout the land. He was 
a man of means and died al the age of eighty 

While a resident of < llasgOW our subject attended 
school to some extent and was reared rigidly in 
the faith of the Presbyterian Church, attending 
Sunday-school twice every Sunday. At eight and 
a half years old he was set to work in a tobacco 
factory, receiving twenty-six cents per week, lie 
continued at thai employment for five years, at 
the end of which time he was the recipient of only 
fifty cents a week. He then served an apprentice- 
ship in a machine simp, bid his work brought only 
a few shillings. Discouraged by the progress la- 
was making in his native land he determined to 
seek his fortune in America and worked for two 
years to get money enough to make the voyage, 
lie came to this country in 1*12. in a sailing ves- 
sel and was sixty-nne days on the voyage. It was 
a disastrous year for seafaring men. There were 
many storms and many ships were wrecked and 
that on which our subject sailed was badly dam- 

Locating at Montreal, Canada, Mr. Barr was em- 
ployed in a machine simp for three months on the 
first iron boat ever made in Canada. He worked 
there for one year, then spent one month in To- 
ronto and afterward shod horses for six months at 
Niagara Falls. Mr Barr then rebuilt a steam en- 
gine at Chippewa, Canada, four miles from the 
falls and then started for Albany, X. Y.. on the 
canal, but was prevailed upon to stop and work in 
the simps at Colmes. N. V. There he helped to 
construct the first knitting looms ever built. He 
then built fire engines for eight years at Waterford, 
N. Y. 

While employed at Waterford Mr. Barr twice 
distinguished himself as being a man of unusual 
presence of mind and bra very . for twice he rescued 
boys from drowning. On one occasion hearing a 
commotion and rushing out to learn what it was, he 
found fifty men on the bank and before their eyes 

a drowning boy. The child had gone down for 
the lasl time and waiting only to find out the spot 
where he had last appealed, he dived to the 
bottom and brought him up apparently lifeless, but 
after much work the lad was restored to life and 
lived to thank his rescuer with all his heart. After 
working six months on planing machines in Al- 
bany. Mr. Barr returned to Cohoes and there 
worked for one year. He was then employed for 
four years at Rochester, rebuilding engines for the 
New York Central Road, and at the end of that 
time he came to Saginaw. 

Our subject's reputation as a skilled machinist 
began iii Saginaw on his rebuilding of the first 
steamboat engine in that city, and since that time 
he has done much repairing that could not have 
been done by any one else. He settled here per- 
manently in 1 *(!.">. having purchased his present 
farm in 1850. At the first-named dale he went 
into the brick-making business, beginning on a 
small scale, and employing only seven men and 
later often as many as eighteen. He averaged 
from one million, two hundred thousand to one 
million, three hundred thousand brick per year, 
and many of the brick used in Saginaw and 
shipped lo Bay City have come from his yard. He 
is the owner of forty-nine acres of land which he 
farms to some extent. 

He of whom we write was married at Hamilton. 
Canada, in October, 1847, to AgnesBrice, of Kdin- 
bnrg. Scotland. They had one child, but both 
wife and child died within two years. September 
22. 1864, our subjed was again married to Mary 
lie-lop. who is still living, and who is an amiable 
and charming woman. The family residence, which 
is a fine brick dwelling, was erected in 1888. lb 1 
is also the owner of two line residences in the citj 
Of Saginaw, in which he has lived for t wo years. 
but now rents, lie also owns nearly fifteen acres 
in East Saginaw. Both our subject and his wife 
are associated with the Presbyterian Church, in 
which Mr. Barr has been Trustee for many years. 
Our subject is one in whom the milk of human 
kindness is dispensed most liberally. He is very 
philanthropic and all worthy causes find in him a 
ready helper. He gave $300 to help erect the 
present Presbyterian Church and has also greatly 



aided other churches. He lias firm faith in the 
platform as constructed by the Republican party. 
Although lir lias been frequently urged to accepl 
oilier, he lias no ambition in that direction. No 
man in all the country is better or mure favorably 
known than In- of whom we write, not only by Ins 
business associates. Imt by the school children, for 
whom he always has a kindly word and who feel 
him to lie their friend. 

— $- 

^~" ^SiP, 



\jfcICKES BROS. In representing the linn 
/ whose name we have now given we find 
ty§{/ such a unity of purpose, plan and work 
that it is easy to class the gentlemen who compose 
it under one head. The direct management of the 
business is now largely in the hands of Harry T. 
and William J. Wickes, sons of Henry I)., one of 
the original managers and still one of the headsof 
the firm. These young men have grown up with 
the business and are thoroughly familial' with 
every department of the work. They are gentle- 
men of culture and business ability and it is a 
pleasure to be conducted by them through the 
works. The linn of Wickes Bros., of East Sagi- 
naw, .Mich., has no superior, in its peculiar line, in 
America. Its prominence has aided .in giving 
character lo the city in which its operations are 
conducted. Nor is this all. Lumbering and the 
manufacture of lumber has become the chief 
basis of the life and enterprise of the entire Sagi- 
naw Valley, and the mammoth works of the 
Wickes Bros, have borne an important part in this 
accomplished fact. 

The founder of this noted firm, Henry 1 ). 
Wickes, is entitled to the honor of being ranked 
among the prominent men of Michigan. He was 
born in Yates County, N. Y., on the I'.tth of Au- 
gust, 1833. His father was a farmer and cabinet- 
maker, a combination of trades seldom known in 
the present day. In 1839 the family home was 
removed to Redding, Steuben County, New York. 
where young Henry Wickes attended the common 
schools of that early day available to boys of an 
ambitious turn. There were no free colleges, or 

comparatively free institutions, where a classical 
course of studies could be followed. On the con- 
trary, the little red school-house at the junction 
Of the cross-ioads was the chief seminary, and 
I here the boys were taught by t he "school-mistress" 
in the winter, and were expected to obtain their 
outfit of mental training in a few years of such 
privileges. And I hey were deemed privileges, in 
deed; the term is not a misnomer, for of the man\ 
eminent men, in all the varied walks of life in 
America, but few among them possessed more fa- 
vorable opportunities for a thorough education; 
and yet the natural talents of many of that earlier 
generation were of such ;i sterling and advanced 
character, and they gave such heed to the privile- 
ges they did possess, that they more than hold 
their own when compared with the young men of 
the present time. 

The natural bent of Henry 1). Wickes' mind was 
towards anything and everything of a mechanical 
nature. Asa boy he turned his attention to the 
invention of ingenious devices, something that 
would simplify ami benefit labor. At the age of 
nineteen years he began an apprenticeship at the 
foundry and machine business, at l'enn Yan, N. V., 
and in this pursuit he continued for two years, 
lie then spent another year at Auburn, N*. Y., 
pci feeling himself in the trade for which he had 
always had a predilection, and trom there he 
journeyed to Flint. .Mich. Here a few more 
months were devoted to his chosen vocation, and 
then his brother. E. N. Wickes, joined him, and 
they formed a c pany with H. W. Wood, un- 
der the title of II. W. Wood &, Co.. to conduct 
the business of foundrymen and machinists. 

This was the actual start in what may be called 
an eventful life, and here .Mr. Wickes fully util- 
ized his abilities as a. practical, painstaking me- 
chanic — a title of which he is justly proud. .Many 
of the prominent lumber-mills of Flint and East 
Saginaw were fitted Up with the gang-saws for which 
this concern has since become so noted during the 
succeeding four years. Hut the Saginaws were 
then gaining an enviable notoriety for push and 
enterprise, aiming to secure the position of the 
base of supplies of Northern Michigan; and there 
the firm of II. W. Wood & (o. was established. 

6 1 1 


At first two lots of land were secured and the 
ground cleared of timber, preparatory to the erec- 
tion of shops; for the embryo "city" of East Sagi- 
naw had not long before emerged from the prime- 
val forest. This was thirty years ago and the two 
city lots have now grown to sixteen city lots, with 
shops covering the entire area. 

In 1864, Mr. Henry D. Wickes and his brother 

purchased the interest of Mr. W 1. and they then 

formed the partnership which has since become 
such a popular title in their line, known as Wickes 
Pros. In the year 1883, however, the concern 
having assumed such large proportions, it was 
deemed advisable to organize a joint-stock corpor- 
ation; but the same general name was adhered to, 
the Company consisting of Henry D. Wickes, his 
two sons, and his brother, P. N. Wickes. The 
business done by this corporation has grown to 
mammoth proportions. It should be borne in 
mind that all through the Saginaw Valley, and 
throughout the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, 
lumber manufacturing is the most important of 
the many important industries of that wonderful 
.State, and then the growth of an institution like 
that of Wickes Brothers can be understood. Com- 
plete mill outfits have been sold for European use. 
and the reputation of its workmanlike ability has 
become world wide. 

Witb such ; 1 1 1 industry to organize from its in- 
ception and to aid in its growth for nearly two 
score years. Henry Wickes has had hut little time, 
and still less inclination, to indulge in political 
ambition; but he is a good citizen, and has done a 
good citizen's part by giving of his time and val- 
uable services for many years to make a siiiir" 
of East Sagii aw as a community, and he has 
gained the respect of the community in that ca- 
pacity. He is a Vestryman of St. Paul's Episcopal 
Church, in East Saginaw, and his fellow members 
have learned to love him as an associate. He is 
always ready to aid every object looking to the 
welfare and good of his fellow citizens, and they, 
in their turn, have given him of their esteem and 
good-will. On September 21. 1858, Mr. Wickes 
was married to Miss Ann S. Bailey, the daughter 
of .larvis Bailey, of Flint, Mich. There have been 
three children of this union: and of these, two 

sons are connected with their father in business. 
The plant belonging to Wickes Bros., occupies 
space that extends six hundred feet on Tildon 
street and runs back for two hundred and forty 
feet, reaching to Washington Street, and com prises 
boiler shop, machine shop and foundry. Ahout 
1300,000 capital is required in order to carry on 
the business and some two hundred and twenty- 
five men are employed. Although most of the 
business is done by correspondence, two salesmen 
are kept upon the road. The pay roll runs to 
about * 1 1:5,000 annually and many of tin 1 men in 
their employ have been with the firm for twenty- 
five or thirty years and are skilled workmen. 

The Wickes engines are the heaviest engines 
built in the United States and the gang-saws made 
by this firm are the best manufactured. They 
built the first iron frame gang-saw about the year 
1870 and over three hundred of these are now in 
use. They also build heavj plate bending rolls 

lor the manufacture of boiler and ship plates with 
direct engine attachment to each machine. These 
machines weigh from thirty-four to forty-nine 

Wiekes Bros, are now making the rolls for the 
Pacific Coast Plant of the American Steel Barge 
Company, of West Superior, and these machines 
are valued at ahout 15,500 each. The specialty of 
this house is in the heaviest marine boilers and 
they have turned out boilers for large ocean ships, 
some of them weighing fifty-two tons. At present 
eight boilers are being made for the United States 
Government. The plant of this concern is the 
largest in the State of Michigan, and their hy- 
draulic riveter has a weighl of one hundred and 
sixty-live tons and cost 130,000 and is the largest 
one in the West. 



>,«t fifclLLIAM GLAZIER. To behold the pro- 
\/kJ/l i? ess an ^ culture of Maple Grove Town- 
V^\y ship. Saginaw County, one would scarcely 
imagine that a few wars back it was little more 
than a forest primeval and possessed only the 
{■harms of nature. This township is rightly named 

■ OT 


.< ,■& 


I ;y. :; 






being in vcrj truth a maple grove and one well 
adapted to business and pleasure alike. Among 
the pioneers who hewed out the foundation of 
many beautiful farms, is the subject of this sketch. 
I If makes his home on section 33, and has been 
largely instrumental in bringing about many of 
the new successful methods of advancing business, 
educational and social systems. 

.Mi-. Glazier's birth occurred in Lincolnshire, 
England, on the 6th of July, \*'\2. He is the son 
of William and Elizabeth (Hardy) Glazier, also 
natives of Lincolnshire, where they resided until 
their death, the father dying in 1840, at the age 
of forty-six years, and the mother in 1862. The 
father followed the peaceful pursuits of a farmer 
and was very successful in all his dealings. The 
parental family numbered ten children, namely: 
Rebecca, Joseph, Elizabeth, Samuel, .lane, John. 
Mary. William. Ann and Thomas. Rebecca mar- 
ried Joseph Shepherd, and died in England; Jos- 
eph resides in England; Elizabeth married William 
Buzzard and also makes her home in England; 
Samuel remains in England; Jane married Mr. Met- 
ton Miller; John died in his native country; Mary 
makes her home in the British Isle; Ann died 
when young, and Thomas came to the United 
Male-; he was married and died in Saginaw County 
leaving three children — Charles E.. Eva Ann, Min- 
nie Maude. 

Our subject was reared on the farm in his native 
country and his parents were unable to give him 
more than an ordinary education. In 1855 he 
came alone to the United states, having left the 
most of his family in England. Upon landing in 
New York he at once came West, tirst stopping in 
Howell, Livingston County, this State, lie had 
been enabled to save but little money when start- 
ing ou1 for himself, and so worked as a common 
laborer in that vicinity for about seven years. lie 
then -aw a better opening for him in Romeo, Ma- 
comb County, whither he went and worked on a, 
farm, remaining thus engaged until he came to 
Saginaw ( iounty, in I 868. 

Mr. Glazier's first purchase of land consisted of 
one hundred and -ixt\ acres, upon which he now 
resides and for which he paid 11,000 in cash. His 
tract was in a wild state when it came into his 

hand-, but with his characteristic energy and in- 
dustry he has placed it under most excellent culti- 
vation, and during the period Of clearing his farm 
he worked at intervals in an hotel in Romeo. Mr. 
Glazier is a prominent farmer in Maple Grove 
Township and all who know him rejoice in the suc- 
cess which has attended his labors. lie has placed 
his farm under the best improvements and supplied 
all the necessary building-. 

January 3, 1875, our subject was united in 
marriage to Mrs. Irene Glazier, the widow of his 
brother Thomas. Their nuptials were celebrated 
in Maple Grove. Mrs. Glazier was born July 2:i. 
1849, in Lapeer County. Mr. Glazier now owns 
one hundred and twenty acres of land. In poli- 
tics he is independent, voting for the man rather 
the party. He has held the office of Justice of the 
Peace and fulfilled all its duties in a manner cred- 
itable to himself and satisfactory to his townsmen. 
To our subject and his wife have been born one 
child — Ilda, who was born Augut 13, lKT'.t. 

Previous to the union spoken of above, the wife 
of our subject was married to Thomas ( Hazier, and 
to them were granted three children — Charles A., 
Eva A., and Minnie Maude, who died aged sixteen 


5K= =«pH3* 

gratified to be able to present the portrait 
and life narrative of oneof the old settlers 
and most reliable professional men of Saginaw. 
He was born in what was then Delaware (now 
Morrow) County, Ohio, September 20, 1823. His 
father. Asa Lee was a manufacturer of woolen 
goods, also handled grain and lumber and Owned 
a large farm, lie was a native of Massachusetts 
and a member of 1 he famous old Lee family ol that 
State, whose ancestors came from England m 1634 
and who in that day spelled their name "Leigh." 
Through .some difference- in the family the name 
was changed in 1667 to Lee. The grandfather of 
our subject, ('apt. Benjamin Lee. resided in Massa- 
chusetts and was a Revolutionary soldier. 

Sarah (Meacham) Lee, the mother of our subject, 



was a native of Massachusetts and was a descend- 
ant of the Pilgrim Fathers who settled in Massa- 
chusetts in 1620, and her father was [tilled in 
:i naval engagement on Long [sland Sound, 
during the War of the Revolution. Asa Lee re- 
sided al Lexington, Ky., and was a companion in 
boyhood days of Henry Clay. He was at one time 
a slave owner, but became convinced of the iniquity 
of human slavery and set $30,000 worth of slaves 
tree. He then removed to Ohio and settled in 
lilenden Township, Franklin County, near Central 
College, which he assisted in starting. He was 
only forty years old when he died August K*. 
1833; Ins good wife survived him many years, liv- 
ing to be seventy-six years old and passing away 
in 1880. Of the five children in the family the 
Doctor is the oldest. Hi:- boyhood was passed in 
Ohio, where hestudied in the common schools and 
then entered Central College. After completing 
his studies there he devoted himself to teaching. 

While presiding at the teacher's desk, young Lee 
found opportunities for pursuing his medical 
studies; at the age of nineteen he began reading 
with Dr. Blymer, and afterward studied with Drs. 
Swingley >v Douglas. He then took his lectures at 
the Willoughby .Medical College and there re- 
ceived his diploma, in the spring of 1847. 

The young Doctor commenced his practice in 
Detroit with Dr. Pitcher, one of the prominent 
physicians of this State which association gave 
the young man an excellent — t : * 1 1 in his profes- 
sional career. After Staying al Detroit for -ix 
months he went to Pontiac, .Mich., on account of 
poor health and fr 1 8 I 7 to L850 contented him- 
self witli a small practice as he was no1 strong 

enough to push business. In 1850 he re ved to 

Saginaw, establishing himself in his practice a- a 
physician and at the same time undertaking den- 
tistry as there were no dentists then in this little 
city of five hundred people, lie has continued in 
tin- work up to the present time and has a very 
heavy prai tice. 

Dr. Lee formed a matrimonial union in 1853 
with Miss Mary. daughter of Eleazer Jewett and u ife 
of Saginaw. When Kieazer .Jewett firstcameto this 
rtgion he was the agent of the American Fur Com- 
pany and in those days the military posts "ere al- 

most the only settlements and Indians were numer- 
ous. The three children of the Doctor and his 
wife are, Gertrude; Edgar Jewett, who is connected 
with the Flint .v Fere Marquette Railroad; and Jes- 
sie, wife of John M. Eraser. Lumber Inspector. In 
1880 the Doctor was elected Coroner which posi- 
tion he has held since, and for the last twenty-five 
years he lias been Health Officer of the city most 
of the time. 

•: ; :.: : <^ • ® • ^- ■ 



notable citizen of Saginaw was horn .June 
16, is !•_'. in the city of New York. His 
V*) father. John Henry Connor, as well as sev- 
eral generations of his forefathers, was horn in the 
same city, and was among the older class of New 
York merchants aid bankers. The mother. Cath- 
arine A, Reiner, was a native of the same city and 
of German parentage. Our subject attended public 
seho ils and finally the college of the city of New 
i'ork, and in L860, being then eighteen years old, 
he was graduated from that institution which three 
years later conferred upon him the degree of Mas- 
ter of Sciences. After his scholastic course he 

laughl for one year in public and private scl Is 

and then entered the Theological Department of 
tin- St. Laurence University at Canton. X. V.. be- 
ing graduated therefrom two year- later, and was 
ordained a- a minister in 1 863. 

Mi. < onnor settled as pastor of a church at 
Kingston, N. II.. and ialer at Concord, that State, 
and m 1866 received a unanimous call to the 
School Street Church at l'.o-ton. where he remained 
until 1874. From that time until 1880 he was 
engaged in literary work in New York and Boston, 
being one of the proprietor- and editors of the 
Naiionand contributor, also, to the Tribune of New 
York, the Herald and Index of Boston, Lippincott's 
Magazine, and other periodical-. Hi.- article- have 
in in widely circulated and read. In his early man- 
hood he came under tin influence of Wendell Phil- 
lips and others of that wonderful coterie of lead- 
ingminds which were working upon the problem of 
human liberty,and became a co-worker with them. 



serving on the executive committee of the Amer- 
ican Anti-Slaverj Society. In it- service he was 
ever readj to expend his energies. He wrote, 
talked, and preached upon this theme. UN mind 
was not bound down by dogmas and forms, and 
he paid the penalty which has often been levied 
upon genius and independent and was severely 

Upon leaving New York in 1880 Mr. Connor 
came to Saginaw and here formed a liberal relig- 
ious society and began speaking t i i~ t in the Acad- 
emy of Music, and later in his church. His sermons, 
or lei-inn-- electrified his hearer. They were upon 
such themes as Darwinism, Philosophy of Evolu- 
tion, the Bible of Higher Criticism, and the greal 
religions of the world. He was elected a member 
of the Board of Education, and during the cam- 
paign of 1888 was made a member of the Michigan 
State Legislature. 

The members of his congregation are gathered 
from all classes and creeds: Jew and Gentile, black 
and white, Protestant and Catholic unite with him 
as a leader. Hisscientiflc lecture- have been highly 
appreciated, while his early training and experi- 
ence have given his character a business bend and 
added acuteness to his conversation. While a 
member of the Legislature, our subject served on 
various important committees, and one of his most 
important movements was an amendment to the 
general Banking Law in the interest of Savings 
Hank depositors, which was largely due to his per- 
sistent efforts. 

The consolidation of the two Saginaws was the 
work of Mr. Connor, and that necessitated no less 
than five additional bills in order to enable the 
consolidated charter to run smoothly. He has ever 
made it his aim to prevent injudicious legislation 
rather than to procure the passage of new laws, 
lie was at one time candidate for Speaker of the 
House but the death of his only brother occurring 
at that time prevented his making any canvass, 
but notwithstanding this fact he received a tie vote 
in the caucus though he was not elected. 

The marriage of our subject, which took place 
November 21, 1869, brought to his home a help- 
mate in the person of Miss Emma, daughter of 
Andrew J. Hilton , of Boston, and a son and daugh- 

ter have been born to them. While her home wa- 
in Boston she was a member of the old Radical 
< lub, as was also Mr. Connor and he was secretary 
of it for a time. In this club they were broughl 
into association with such men as Emerson, Ucotl 
and Higgins. Mrs. Connor is a brilliant conver- 
sationalist and was esteemed mosl highly in the 
literary circles in Boston. Their daughter, Mil- 
dred Bartol, was named in honor of old Dr. Bar- 
io| and the -mi Mauley, who i- qow a student 
at the State University, was named for a friend of 
Theodore Parker. Upon being elected to the Leg- 
islature in 1888 Mr. Connor gave up the charge of 
his religious society and deeided to enter the legal 
profession for which he was well fitted, and he was 
admitted to the bar in 1890. He was subsequently 
re-elected to the Legislature ami is -till a member 
of that lm'h . 

r LAVIUS E. KINNEY. Among the farmers 
and stock-raisers of Chesaning Township, 
i Saginaw County, we find this native -on 

of Michigan, who was born in Lenawee County 
February 2 1. 1849. He is a man of more than or- 
dinary intelligence and very successful, especially 
in the line of dairy produce. His parents. Nelson 
and Margaret (Youngs) Kinney, were both born 
in the Empire State, hut came to Michigan and 
took a farm in Lenawee County in the spring of 
1842, going Onto a piece of wild land, where In- 
still lives, and which he ha.- broughl to a high 
state of cultivation. The father was born in 1815, 
and the mother in 1817. In the family there were 
six children, including two pair- of twin.-, allot 
whom are still living except the eldest son. Our 
subjeel was one of these twins, his mate being his 
sister Florence, now Mrs. Mills, of Jonesville, Mich. 

He of whom we write had his early training 
upon the farm and received a common-school edu- 
cation. At the age of twenty he began to work 
at the carpenter'- trade, which he had acquired 
from observation and practice, without taking an 
apprenticeship. For seventeen years he devoted 



himself to this work in New York and Michigan, 
and also worked in the coach shops of the Lake 
Shore & Michigan Southern Railroad, and at other 
times found employment in cabinet shops. He 
bought his pleasant home in 1878, purchasing one 
hundred and twenty acres on section 34, Chesan- 
ing Township. This he has cleared and brought 
to a tine state of cultivation so that he raises from 
ninety to one hundred bushels of oats to the acie. 
The beautiful home in which the family of our 
subject resides is one that is built from his own 
design. It was on February 22, 1870, that he 
took to himself a wife in the person of Miss Ellen 
A. Farnsworth, of Erie County. X. Y., where she 
was born October 12. 1K17. Her parents, William 
K. and Cordelia (Dole) Farnsworth, were both na- 
tives of the old Bay State. The two children of 
this couple are Walter 1... who was horn in Adrian, 
this State. December 24, 1874, and Edith ('..who 
was horn in this town-hip March II. 1880. .Air. 
Kinney is a member of the Disciples' Church and 
is identified with the order of the Knights of the 
Maccabees. He was for many years a Republican 
and is now an earnest and hearty Prohibitionist, 
hut, has never been a seeker for office. 


^ vi>^ •■!■• *J* •*• *J» •— 

T-\ [CHARD SCHEURMANN, the oldesl shoe 

Y^/ dealer In Hay City, in point of business 

* \ establishment, is located in the new Scheur- 

\£) mann Block on Washington Avenue, near 

(enter Ayeuue. where he has a line store •_'."i\l()(l 
feet. The block, a view of which is shown on an- 
other page, was built by him in the fall of 1891, 
and has an elegant front of pressed brick, cut stone 
and copper with oval top, arched doors and a splen- 
did expanse of plate and decorative glass. It is one' 
of the finest fronts in the cit\ or indeed in the State. 
and the upper part is lifted with elegant glass of 
excellent design. The whole building is of supe- 
rior plan and workmanship, and contains all of the 
latest improvements. 

Mr. Seheurinann was born in Baden, Germany, 
August 25, 1834, and i- a son of Ernesl Seheur- 
inann. He was educated in his native home, study- 

ing, first in the common schools and afterward in 
the college at Stuttgart. Later he entered the 
mercantile business there as a clerk in a large dry- 
goods house, where he remained for live years, 
serving an apprenticeship which gave him a fine 
business education and being promoted from the 
lower to the top round of the commercial ladder. 
After leaving the linn with which he had been 
for so long Mr. Seheurinann came to America and 
spent eight months in New York City before com- 
ing on to Detroit, and later to Saginaw City which 
he reached ill 1854. lie was with a relative for a 
time on a farm, and also clerked in various stores. 
Finally he entered John Derby's large establish- 
ment, and continued with him until liS."i7 at which 
time he came to Bay City with Henry FlatOU, and 
engaged as clerk in a general store. Afterward he 
was with Binder & Co., shipping and commission 
agents and dealers in white oak staves, who also 

liad a general store business, wholesale and retail. 

In lstiG our subject opened a shoestore for him- 
self (jii Water Street, in what is now the Zehner 
Block, where he continued for live years and then 
conducted a large business in the Watson Block 
for aboul live years more. In 1876 he removed to 
No. 802 North Water Street, where he occupied a 
large -tore prior to removing to his new building. 
lie began with a small store, and has gradually in- 
creased his business and his facilities until he now 
has one of the tinesl shoe stores in thi> part of the 
State, and gives employment to five clerks. A 
\ ei \ successful business man, his good fortune is 
due to his enterprise ami energy, lie has taken 
considerable interest in real estate and in vessel 
property, in all of which he has been prospered. 

Richard Seheurinann was married September 18, 
1861, to Miss Cornelia Boutell, of Bay City, and 
of their six children four are still living: Grace is 
the wifeof Albert Etzold; Frank is with his father 
in business, as is also Richard. Jr.; while Minnie is 
at home. Our subject is one of the Trustees of 

the* Congregational Church of this city, and has 
been a member of tin- Board of Education for the 
past ten years. He has served on the Board of 
Police Commissioners and has Idled various local 
offices, such as Treasurer and Township Clerk. He 
has been a member of the Independent Order of 




odd Fellows for sixteen years. Twenty years ago 
he built llic beautiful residence which the family 
still occupies on the corner of Fifth Avenue and 
Jatkson Street, and this has ever been the center 
of a happy domestic and social life. 


PAVII) .1. WEBB. Our subjecl is a native of 
Aurelius Township, Ingham County, this 
State, and was born August 7. L843. lie is 
a sun of William and Jane (Wright) Webb, and a 
grandson on the paternal side of William Webb, 
who was bora in England, and who came to the 
United States about 1832, settling in Onondaga 
County, N. Y., where be devoted himself to his 
calling, that of a farmer. His son and our sub- 
ject's father, William, was also born in England, 

and came with his parents to New York. He was 

there married to our subject's mother. They 
reared three children — Matilda, David J. and 
.Mary. The young people were brought up undi r 

the teachings of the Baptist Church. 

The family of which our subject is one came to 
Michigan and settled four mile* west of Mason. 
where the father died not a great while alter com- 
ing here, his death occurring in 1846. Our sub- 
ject's mothei afterward married Mr. Deering, and 
from that union one child, Estella, was horn. 
After his father's decease our subject made his 
home witli his grandparents Wrighl until fourteen 
years of age. He is self-educated, his opportuni- 
ties in an educational way being exceedingly lim- 
ited, but being ambitious t<> make up these de- 

Bciences he has read and studied by himseif. 

At tin age of fifteen years David Webb began 
to work at tiie cabinetmaker's trade, in which he 
continued until Lhe time of his enlistment, in 

March, 1861, when he became a member of C - 

panj I!. Third Michigan Infantry, entering the 

service for three months, bul S( afterward he 

re-enlisted for three years, lie took part in the 
various engagements of Hull Run, Hampton Roads, 
Mechanicsville, in the siege of York town. Williams- 
burg and Fair Oaks. In the last-named engage- 

ment hi' was wounded in the right forearm. After 
lieini: four months in hospital at Washington, Mr. 
Webb was discharged October l. 1862. He came 
to Michigan in February, 1863, and immediately 
enlisted in the sixth Michigan Cavalry, acting 
with the Quartermaster as sutler. In the summer 
of 1864 he returned to Lansing; and the same 
summer came to Saginaw and engaged in lumber- 
ing, and has been so interested almost constantly 
c\ or since. 

In August, 1870, our subject purchased one 
hundred and sixty acres of land on section 10. 
Brant Township, locating here in May. 1871. He 
now owns two hundred acres of land, having 
cleared and improved one hundred and eighty. 
What property he has has been amassed by his 
own efforts. He has served his township as Com- 
missioner and is now in his eleventh year as Su- 
pervisor of the township. He is a Democrat in 
politics and has done his parl\ good Service. 

Mr. Webb married. May 22. 1867, Miss Alice. 
daughter of Benjamin and Belle Colvin. The 
lady was born in Kite County. N. V. They have 
had eight children — Charles R.. Myrtie V., Carrie 
M.. Alice 1!.. Estella .1.. William, Grace and David 
J. .Mr. and Mrs. Webb are honored and respected 
members of society. As a citizen our subject 
strives to advance the best interests of the locality, 
and by his purity of purpose and honesty of action 
lie cannot fail in the desired result. 

, ECTOR E. WILLIAMS. It is not to be gain- 
said that climatic influences have a ureal 
deal to do with human temperament. This 
is illustrated almost invariably among the 
young men who have come hither, or have settled 
in any part of the Union, from Canada. Almosl 
invariably they are characterized by great indus- 
try, clear-headedness, and are far-seeing, shrewd 
and capable. Of these our subject is no exception. 
Hi- line farm, which is located on section 22, 
Thomastown Township. Saginaw County, attests 
the thoroughness and ability with which he em- 
braces every undertaking. His efforts in an agri- 



cultural way are conducted on a scientific plan 
rather than by force of muscle, and its advantages 

arc seen in the bountiful harvests stowed away in 
his granaries and the sleek kine that browse in 
his fields. He was bora in Upper Canada, October 
29. 1829. and is a sou of Daniel and Catherine 
(Howell) Williams. 

Our subject's father was also a native of Canada, 
and was born December II. 1799. His father. 
William Williams, was a native of Wales, who 
came to America when a boj and settled in Con- 
necticut, making his living by peddling clocks. He 
accumulated enough in this way to start into busi- 
ness handsomely. He served through the Revolu- 
tionary war, though, sooth to say. on the Tory 
side. After tin- war he removed to Canada. He 
died there at the age of eighty-four years. 

Our subject's father was a farmer and owned 
over a thousand acres of land in Canada. He 
came to the States in November, 1*.">7. and settled 
where his son now lives and with whom he made 
his home for several years, finally removing to Da- 
kota where he died in 1887, at the age of eighty- 
six years. He was educated for the ministry, 
being of the Universalis) persuasion, but although 
he was a man of great mental strength and in- 
telligence, he did not show a liking for his chosen 
profession. lie was a Republican in politics. 
His marriage with our subject's mother was 
blessed by the birth of seven children, all of whom 
are yet living, viz: Leonora. Nancy A.. Hector. 
James. Charles. Elizabeth and Catherine The 
mother died at the age of eighty-three year-: she 
was a Methodist in her religion- creed. Her father. 
Maj. Howell, was a native of Ireland, where he 
married his second wife, lie served as a major in 
the British Army during the Revolutionary War 
and was elevated to the position of Major-General 
after the war when in Canada, having charge of 
the British troops there. In recognition of his ser- 
vices the Governor gave him several thousand 
acres of land and also a pension. He died in Can- 
ada at an advanced age. 

Our subject was reared in his native land on a 
farm and was early employed in a woolen factory. 
He attended school a short time and began work in 
the woolen facton at tin age of fifteen, and was 

there employed for four years. He then went upon 
a farm and began for himself and at the age of 
twenty-two year- assumed control of the home 
place, lie there owned one hundred acres, which 
he farmed until he came to the States, in the fall 
of 1856. 

March 10, 1851, our subject was married to 
(aroline Town, a native of Ogdensburg, N.Y.,who 
was born March 10, 1832, and was a daughter of 
Robert and Ann M. (Tibbetts) Town, both natives 
of the Empire State. They moved to Canada 
when Mrs. Williams was but six months old. anil 
there her father died at the age of eight \ years. 
Her mother also died at the age of sixty-eight 
years. Mr. and Mrs. Williams have been the parents 
of seven children, of whom are living — Adeline. 
Manly. Anna. Harriet. Jacob and Sarah: Eleazer, 
died at one ami a half year- old. 

The journey from Canada here was made by rail, 
steamboat and stage. There were two brothers 
»!h. had preceded our subject to this place, and 
after Hector had worked for one month, meantime 
prospecting, he purchased his present farm of two 
bunched and forty acres, and moved into the 
woods: not a stick of which had been touched. He 
was obliged to clear the way and built a log house, 
which wa- 12x20 lcet in dimension-. The Indian- 
were frequent visitors at his cabin, and panthers, 
a- well a- deer and wolves made frequent encroach- 
ments upon his domain. Our subject assures the 
writer that he used to drive the deer to the bouse 
with the cows, and has killed many of them. His 
nearest neighbor lived at a distance of three miles. 

Mrs. Williams was her husband's able second in 
his work of clearing and farming. She used to 
walk to Saginaw and carry back therefrom grocer- 
ies, and has frequently picked and burned brush 
until her hands were blistered. The winter months 
were devoted more or less by our subject to [um- 
bering on Swan Creek, where he ran a camp for 
which hi- wife i ooked for live years. He rafted 
his logs down to Saginaw. Mr. Williams devotes 
himself to mixed farming. He is thorough in all 
thing-, and ha- one of the best places in the Local- 
ity. He keeps good graded stock, and own- one 
hundred and forty-seven acre-, of which one hun- 
dred and five acre- are cleared, lie ha- fair gran- 



aries, a good house and frame barn. In 1*71 he 
sustained a severe loss by fire, his property being 
damaged to the extent of $3,700, on which there 
was 11,100 insurance. Mrs. Williams wove thirteen 
hundred yards of carpet in eighteen months after 
the lire, in order to make up a> much as she was 
abli of their loss. Tiny are both members of the 
Methodist Church. Our subject is a Republican in 
politics and has held various township offices, hav- 
ing been School Inspector, Road Commissioner, etc. 


ILTON B. DE LAND, Justice of the Peace 
and Notary l'ulilie at Saginaw, was born 
in ( 'andor, Tioga County, X. Y.. November 
•_'(i. 1820. Hi- father, Charles DeLand, a 
native of New York, was born in Hartford Town- 
ship, Washington County, in December, 17'.i7. He 
wasa Baptist minister a number of years. Hewasa 
son of Joseph, and the grandson of Daniel DeLand; 
Daniel was a -on of Paul, and he the son of Philip 
Did. and. The latter was the first American ances- 
i >i and came to this country in 1694, settling in 
the colony of Massachusetts, lie came from Ports- 
mouth, England, to this country; these ancestors 
were Huguenots. The mother of our subject was 
Susan Wilmarth, daughter of William and Susan- 
nah ((apron) Wilmarlh ; she wa- descended from 
Puritan ancestors on both sides, and was bora in 
Stockbridge, Mass. The father, being a minister, 
made many changes in his place of residence; they 

re ved to Michigan in May. I. si 7. where he 

preached in different place-, finally Settling in 

flushing, Genesee County, where he died Febru- 
ary 7. 1864, hiving some time before retired from 
active service. His wife also departed this life in 
the same place February 1. 1*71. 

Milton'B. wa- the sec I -on and child in a 

family of -i\. of whom four are living. When he 
wa- thirteen year- of age he went to Seneca County 
and I here attended the district school. He com- 
menced teaching at the age of eighteen, and taught 
hi- la-t -i I I in 1861-62. He was married, No- 
vember 23, 1844, to Mi— Rachel Livingston. She 

was horn and reared in the town of I.odi. Seneca 
County. X. Y.. and was the daughter of Adam and 
Amy (Spence) Livingston, of Scotch descent on 
her father's side, her mother being of Scotch and 
1 rish descent. 

In the spring of 1845 our subject located ill 
Washtenaw County, where he -pent five years. He 
then removed to Flushing where he settled on a 
piece of new land, which he cleared up and there 
-pent fifteen year-. Selling out in the fall of L864 
he removed to South Saginaw, where he still re- 
sides. He has served two term- as Supervisor and 
has been elected Village Clerk. He has also served 
as Assessor and Trustee. In 1866 he became No- 
tary Public, and in Ikk.'i was elected Justice of the 
Peace, serving four years, and was re-elected with- 
out opposition in IHH'.t by the full vote of both 
parties for the term of four years, but the consol- 
idation of the Saginaws terminated the office at 
the end of one year. He was then re-elected in 
L890 a- before, by the full vote of both parties, for 
a term of four years. 

The family of our subject consisted of three chil- 
dren, namely: Salina, wife of William II. Brearlej . 
who is proprietor of the Detroit Journal; Alice, 
wdio died in 1876, and Milton I... a druggist in 
.Saginaw. Mr. Del. and and wile are member- of the 
Michigan Avenue Baptist Church. and are in every 
way respected citizen-. Politically, he i>. and has 
always been, a stanch Democrat, and is influential 
in the ranks of his party in this locality. 

I H ) ' )' P t J h l 9 * ' 

■' I ' I ' ■ * ><• 

APT. DANIEL M. PIERCE. Our subject 
en joy- at the present time the distinction of 
being one of the oldest captains running on 
the Saginaw River. Hi- experience in his line ex- 
tends over a varied history of this region, ami no 

-more than lie realizes that times are not as 

they once were, yet through the many changes he 
has maintained his jovial temperament and is a fa- 
vorite with all whom business or pleasure take by 
the way of the water. 

Our subject was born in Middlelield. Otsego 
County, X. Y., September 6, L837, and is a son of 



Nathan and Polly (Beals) Pierce. The former was 
born in Jefferson County. X. Y.; he took part in 
the War of 1M12. and was present at the battle of 
Sackett's Harbor and at Buffalo, lie lived to the 
age of ninety-four years, and was one of the pen- 
sioners of the Government. The family is noted 
for its longevity and our subject's paternal grand- 
sire, who was a fanner in Otsego County, lived to 
lie all but one hundred years old. 

Nathan Pierce, who was a carpenter by trade, 
came to Bay City in 1844. There were at that 
time only four or five frame and log houses here, 
lie employed himself in doing carpenter work and 
in building fishing boats, lie also improved a farm 
between Bay City and Essexville and died in West 
Bay City about L881. For many years he had been 
a .Mason. Our subject's mother died in this city 
in 1846. 

The family of which our subject is one C - 

prised (apt. Benjamin Pierce of West Bay City; 
Charles, of Mackinaw; Mary, who i> deceased; 
Serena; Cordelia, .Mrs. .1.1). Iluckins; ( apt. Joshua, 
of Sarnia, Canada, and the gentleman of whom we 
write. Daniel M. Pierce was reared in his native 
place until 1*11. when with his parents he came 
Westby way of canal to Buffalo, X. V.. and thence 
liv steamer to Detroit and proceeded to Bay City 
by schooner. His educational advantages after 
locating here were limited, attending school only 
three months out of the year, and his knowledge 
of the three "R's" was obtained ill the old-fash- 
loiied school house. 1 he CacilitieS of which were very 
slender. The principal industry of this vicinity 
then was fishing, which was a iiio.-t congenial oc- 
cupation to our subject. lie became skilled in the 
handling of uill nets and seines, and thus were oc- 
cupied many of his boyh 1 days until he was fif- 
teen years of age; he then began tugging on the 
Saginaw River, on tin' •■John Lathrop" for a 
couple of seasons, and when eighteen years old 
was advanced to the position of master of the 
vessel, continuing on it for four season.-. 

On winding up his connection with tin -'.101111 
Lathrop" our subject began outside sailing, firstas 
wheelman on the side-wheeler •■Columbia." on 
which he remained for three seasons and was pro- 
moted to the position of second mate, hi- route 

being between Detroit, Bay City and Alpena. He 
was then made second mate on the steamboat 
"Huron." spending half of the season of 1*61 on 
that vessel ami t he remainder on the boat "Mag- 

In 1864-65, our subject was on the ••Huron" as 
first mate. I lie boat plying between Saginaw and 
Goderich, Ontario, and lie was with it when it was 
wrecked at the mouth of the Saginaw. Afterward 
he became mat" and pilot of the "Emerald," and 
in the fall of 1866, when the "Huron" was rebuilt 
he resumed his place as mate, continuing until 
July, I860. He then became a partner in the firm 
of II. S. Raymond A- Co.. dealers in newspapers 
periodicals and stationery, whose headquarters 
were in the post-office building. He was with this 
company for fourteen years, spending two seasons 
of the time on the steamer ••Music." In 1882 he 
left the news business and after a rest of a year 
became Deputy Collector of Customs al the port of 
Bay City, holding the office for two years and three 
months, until he was displaced during Cleveland's 
administration. While he was thus connected the 
reports on clearance and collections showed Bay 
Citj to be next in importance to the ports of Cleve- 
land and Buffalo. 

After leaving Government employ (apt. Daniel 
Pierce became Captain of the "Metropolis" and for 
four years plied between Saginaw, Bay City and 
Alpena. In 1890 our subject purchased an unter- 
esl in theexcursion steamer "Wellington R. Burt" 
in partnership with Messrs. Maxwell & Lee, he 
himself taking command and in 1891 he sailed be- 
tween Toledo and Parisburg on the Maumee River. 
lie is the veteran Captain on that river, as well as 
the Saginaw. 

('apt. Pierce was married iii Hast Saginaw in De- 
cember. 1866, to Miss S. Hose Sayers, who was born 
in London. England, but who was broughl by her 
parents when a child to Stratford, Canada. She 
died October 27, IS**. She was the mother of live 
children, whose names arc. Charles, who is mate of 
the propeller "Sanilac," which sails between this 
point and Cleveland; Maude, who died in 1**2 at 
the age Of ten years; .Mabel. Lilly and Otto. The 
family residence is located in the Third Ward at 
Xo. ."1 1 I Adams Street, and he also owns some wild 



land in Cheboygan, Mich. Socially he is a member 
of the Free and Accepted Masons and belongs to 
the Scottish Rites. He has attained to the Thirty- 
second Degree in Masonry and is a Knight of the 
Maccabees. He belongs to theMystic Shrine of De- 
troit and to the Elks. On its organization he was 
elected President of the Excelsior Marine Benevo- 
lo t Association. This body i- composed of cap- 
tains holding first-class certificates. His family 
have been brought up in the faith of the Episcopal 
Church, of which his wife was a loyal and consist- 
ent member. In politics he is a true blue Repub- 


r~> I A. IIORATK) A. BARKER. This able 
\^/ and useful man. whose sphere of activity 
1 \ has Keen a broad one in various lines and 
\£) who lias now retired from the work of the 
ministry, is carrying on a general merchandise 
business in Oakley. He was born in Byron Town- 
ship, liciiistr County. X. V., May 27. 1826, and is 
a son of Augustus and Mary (Eastman) Barker. 
The father is a native of Vermont and the mothei 
of New York. The birth of the father took place 
.May 22. L 786, at Brandon. Vt., anil his marriage 
occurred at Attica, N. Y .. June 18, 1812, and im- 
mediately after this event the young man enlisted 
in the New York Volunteers for the War of 1812. 

Our subject spent his boyh 1 and youth upon 

a farm in Xew York and received a common-school 
education before coming to Michigan, whither he 
migrated at the age of eighteen with his parents 
who located in Eaton County, in 1844. It was 
during that winter that Horatio Barker began 
teaching and in 1848 he tjither extended his edu- 
cation by a year's study at Olivet College, continu- 
ing after that to follow the calling of a teacher 
for a number of years and being for two year-- en- 
gaged in the city schools of Lansing. 

During the time of his work as a teacher Mr. 
Barker also began preaching and after a year or 
two of service in this line he was ordained about 
the year 1850 as a minister in the Free Baptist 
Church. He preached in Lansing for some three 

years and continued lor quite a period to give 
himself entirely to the work of the ministry. Dur- 
ing this lime lie was pastor ai Leoni, Stockbridge, 
Lexington. Chester and Grand Ledge. lie was 
married November 15, 1855, at Stockbridge, Mich., 
to Mary Jane, daughter of John and Mary A. (Pat- 
terson) Soules, who was horn in Yates County, 
X. Y.. October 2 1. 1835. 

In 1863 Mr. Barker received the appointment as 
principal teacher in the Reform School at Lansing, 
which he held about three years and then resigned 
to accept a call to a church at Gilbert's Mills, ( >-- 
wego County, N. Y.. when' he remained for two 
years after which he removed to Springville, Erie 
County, where he was largely instrumental in 
building a large church. After two years at that 
placi he took a pastorate at Green Oak, Livingston 
County. Mich., where he -pent six year-, and then 
removed to Lansing and two years later to Oak- 

His view- having so changed that he could not 
conscientiously remain as a pastor over a Baptist 
Church, he removed to Oakley, Mich., and there 
organized a new church on the principle that all 
whom Christ received ought to he received into 
membership in the church, that errors of doctrine, 
not sufficient to prevent our becoming Christians 
should not prevent our becoming members of 
any real church of Christ. I lis church afterwards 
became associated with the( Congregational churches 
of Michigan, lie continued as pastor of that 
organization for .-even or eight years and was 
abundantly useful in his ministry. During all his 
residence at Oakley he has been engaged in the 
merchant ih' business. 

While in Lansing the Rev. Mr. Barker built the 
Free Baptist ( Ihurch thcre,doing about three-fourths 
of the work upon it himself. This was the first 
church erected in the central part of the city of 
Lan>ing. While preaching in Chester his voice 
failed anil he moved to Lansing and stud- 
ted law. and after passing a very creditable 
examination was admitted, to the bar. lie has never 
followed thai profession as when hi- voicewasre- 
coveredhe look the pastorate at Gilbert's Mills. In 
his political views he finds himself in sympathy 
with Republican principles bul is also an earnest 



Prohibitionist. He has been Justice of the Peace 
for four years and while in Lansing he served for 
five-years upon the Board of Aldermen. Mr. Bar- 
ker was for a number of years connected with the 
Masonic fraternity, but is no' now an active nieni- 
I ier. 

Mr. and Mrs. Barker have had four children and 
the eldest of that number, Ida Vietta, was bora in 
Oneida, Eaton County, this State, September 21, 
1859, and is married toG. 1). Lansing, a farmer of 
Brady Township who lives in Oakley. Their one 
child is named Raymond B. Lansing. The second 
child of our subject died in infancy and the third 
Florence R., who was born in Lansing, March 2K. 
1869, is now Mrs. Charles N. C. Shirreff and lives 
in Chesaning where her husband is the station 
agent. They have one child named Lee I>. The 
fourth child — Myrtus E. — died at the age of twelve 
in ( )akle\ . 


AMES BREMNER. The future of our great 
commonwealth depends upon the stability 
and integrity of the young people of to-day, 
and among those who are contributing to 
the general progress, is the gentleman whose name 
introduces these paragraphs, and whose life thus 
far has been crowned with success. One of the 
young and enterprising business men of West Bay 
City, .Mr. Bremner is engaged in doing a large 
business in plumbing, steam and gas fitting, and also 
manufactures a great deal of copper and sheet iron 

.Mr. Bremner is now in the early prime of life. 
having been born July '2. I860, in Watertown, 
Jefferson County, N. Y. His father, Alexander 
Bremner, was a native of Dundee. Scotland, and 
his father, also named Alexander Bremner, was :i 
merchant in the Land of the Thistle where he died. 
Alexander Jr., came to America when less than 
fifteen years old, and spent six years in Canada. 
Thence he came totheStates anil located inWater- 
town. X. Y.. where he learned the tanner's trade. 
He then started in business for himself, having a 
tannery on the Black River, which he continued 

tocarry on with fair success for a number of years, 
when the bark running short, he was compelled to 
suspend operations. 

When abandoning his trade in New York, our 
subject's father became manager of the Beardmore 
Tanning Company at Bracebridge, Canada, which 
he managed successfully for nine years, when they 
sold to Shaw Bros, lie is now proprietor of the 
Tilsonburg Tannery at Tilsonburg, Canada, where 

he is doing a line business, being only fifty-eight 
years of age, thus having many years of useful- 
ness before bin. His wife, the mother of our sub- 
ject, was Mis^ Margaret Mann, a native also of 
Dundee. Scotland. She was the daughter of Will- 
iam Mann. who. after coming to Canada, followed 
the occupation of a farmer in Lasheen. 

Nine children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Alex- 
ander Bremner, James being the eldest but one. He 
was reared in New York State until reaching the age 
of ten years, when bis parents removed to Canada. 

lie attended the High School there until fifteen 
and then returning to the States was apprenticed 
to learn tin' plumber's trade in Watertown, X. Y., 
and which occupation he followed for three and 
one-half years. In L880 he went to Minneapolis. 
Minn., where he worked at his trade and attended 

night scl 1 for two years. He later took a course 

at the Commercial College and in 1882 made a tour 
through Washington, Colorado, Oregon, Vancou- 
ver's Island, then visited thecitiesof Minneapolis, 
Dulutb and Chicago. Then he went to Detroit 
where he remained a while, then to Cadillac in which 
latter place he remained for two and one-half years. 
In the spring of 1889 the gentleman of whom 
this sketch is written came to Bay City w here be 
entered the employ of Clements, then Wheeler A 
Co. The following year he started into business 
for himself and has built up a fine trade, having 
done work in some of the finest buildings in Bay 
City, lie owns two lots on Mountain Street and 
erected a beautiful residence for himself in 1891. 
He was married in Ayre. Canada. February 23, 
1887 to .Margaret Crozier, a native of Canada. Mr. 
Bremner is identified with a number of social 
orders, being a member of the Knights of Pythias, 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the 
Knights of the Maccabees. Religiously he is ,-i 



conscientious and active member of the Westmin- 
ster Presbyterian Church and in politics is a true- 
blue Republican. Mr. Bremner is oneof the repre- 
sentative men of West Bay City, is a gentleman of 
thorough integrity, enterprise and intelligence and 
is highly prized in his community. 


~7T MOS M. SWITZER, of the firm of Switzer 
& Eastwood, lumber dealers, has been m 
business here since 1870 and liis firm has 
its (kicks on the river near the Michigan 
Central Railroad, lie was born in Quebec, Canada, 
February 16, 1836, and his parents were Amos and 
Diana (Switzer) Switzer. The name Amos has 
been in the family for some eighl or ten genera- 
tions, and our subject lias the family record by 
which he is tble tu trace his lineage hack to 1407, 
when the family was connected with the Palatinate 
( lourt. 

The father of our subject was a civil engineer 
and was born at Limerick. Ireland. Our subject 
studied in the grammar school at Peterborough, 
Ontario, and again at Victoria College in Cobourg, 
"after which the family removed to Norwich, On- 
tario, and our subject went to Vienna, Ontario, 
and there engaged in the lumber business with 
Wallace & Scott, remaining with them until 1860. 
At that time he came to the States and spent two 
years at Cleveland and two years at Chicago, and 
then removed to Toledo, where he remained until 
1870. During all that time he was engaged in the 
lumber business and after leaving Toledo he came 
to Lay County and located at Kawkawliu, remain- 
ing with ( ). A. Ballou A T Co., for eight years. 

When he left Kawkawliu Mr. Switzer came to 
Lay City and has here been engaged, first in inde- 
pendent business and afterward in company with 
others up to the present date. The firm with which 
he is now associated was formed in August, L881, 
and thc\ are doing an exclusively wholesale bus- 

ncss and handling large quantities of lumber. Mr. 
Switzer has been, and still is. a Democratic Alder- 
man, although elected from a Republican ward, 
the Ninth Ward of Bay City, which is one of the 

besl a- regards character and standing. He is also 
one of the trustees of the Bay City public library 
and helped to organize the Lumberman State Hank 
of West Bay City and for some years was one of 
its directors. 

Our subject wrs married in December, 1873, to 
Miss Josephine Armstrong, of Toledo, and they 
have two daughters, Grace W. and Julia Cranage, 
for whose thorough education and training they are 
warmly solicitous. Mr. Switzer is a member of the 
Bay City Commandery of the Knights Templar. 



;;:•;-: :• 

OI1N C. NOTTINGHAM, M. 1>. We here 
present a brief biography of the most prom- 
inent phy~ieian and surgeon of the Homeo- 
pathic School in Bay City, who is also Presi- 
dent "f the Saginaw Valley .Medical Society, and 
worthy of honor as an old soldier of the Civil 
War. He was born in Muneie, Ind.. February 5, 
1812, and his father .lames, was a native of Ports- 
mouth, Ohio, and descended from Lord Notting- 
ham, of England. 

James Nottingham early learned the trade of a 
cabinet-maker, and came to Indiana when a boy. 
locating al Muneie, where he married andatterward 
engaged in the manufacturing business. In 1852 
he removed to Grant County. Ind.. where he loca- 
ted on a farm until he retired from active life, and 
for the education of his children made his home 
in the village of Jonesbot'O and there spent the re- 
mainder of his days, dying at the age of seventy- 
six. He was an earnest member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, and his wife. Nancy Russell, 
was a Baptist by faith. Her father. < ). M. Russell. 
was a Welchman who became a pioneer of Muneie. 
and died there at the age of ninety-eight. His 
daughter died at Muneie. and Mr. Nottingham was 
subsequently married a»ain. < )ur subject was the 
child of the first marriage, and his brother, Owen 
I'., belonged to the Fifty-fourth Regiment, Indiana 
Infantry, and served for three years in the Civil 

Having had his early training in Muneie, John 
Nottingham at the age of ten. entered the Muneie 




Academy, and his youth was spent upou the farm, 
and in the besl private schools "Inch that part of 
the stair afforded. At the age of eighteen he enlisted 
in A iil; list. 1861, in Company A. Eighth Indiana In- 
fantry, and was sent to Missouri where the regiment 
engaged in raiding and skirmishing until .March, 
L863. This young soldier tuck part i o engagements 
at Pea .Ridge, Cotton Plant, Port Gibson, Champ. 
ion Hills, Jackson, Big Black, Vicksburg, Jackson, 
Ft. Esperanza, Harpers' Ferry, Winchester, Fisher's 
Hill, Cedar Creek, and other points. He received 
more than one wound, and at both Winchester and 
Cedar Creels was in command of Ins company, 
being' then Orderly Sergeant. He spent some time 
in the hospital, and was taken prisoner and kept 
for four weeks at Van Buren, Ark., after which he 
was exchanged. During that short imprisonment 
he suffered the pangs of hunger and was almost 
starved. He had to take a march of one hundred 
and fifty miles, and after his return to the Union 
forces, the ball which had lain in his left hand 
through all that time of trial was extracted b\ the 
surgeon, and he went home on a furlough. Ili~ 
most serious wound was at Cedar (feck, when a 
ball broke the bones of his arm. but owing to his 
own determination and the skill of his surgeon, 
the arm was saved. 

This brave soldier returned home in .Inly. 1865, 
in a terribly worn and exhausted condition, and 
after recuperation he entered the Purdy Commer- 
cial College at Indianapolis, from which he gradu- 
ated, and then returned home, and was elected 
County Treasurer in 1866. After two years ser- 
vice in thai office he took up the study of medi- 
cine, which had been his choice fiom boyhood. 
After studying by himself he entered in IS71 the 
Bennett Medical College of Chicago, and gradu- 
ated therefrom in 1873. Dr. Nottingham took up 
the practice of medicine in Marion, hid., until 
1882, and there filled the office of County Physi- 
cian. After that date he located in Bay City 
which has been his center of operations since that 
time, and here he has worked up a large practice. 
lie was one of the organizers of the Saginaw Val- 
ley Medical Society, and a member of the Hay City 
dispensary, and also of the Grand Army Post in 
Marion, where he tilled the office of Commander. 

He now belongs to the IT. S. Grant Post here, and 
is also a Free and Accepted Mason, and a Knight 
Templar of the thirty-second degree, lie is prom- 
inent in tin' State Homeopathic Medical Society, 
and also a member of the American Institute of 
Homeopathy. His political views bring him into 
active alliance with the rank of the Republican 
party, and he is influential in this direction. 

s^ IIAINCY II. SHEARER. The affable 
Teller of the Hay County Savings Bank, to 


i^T which position he has been promoted in 
recognition of his business-like qualities, is the 
gentleman whose name stands above. He has held 
his prcMiil post in the bank since its incorporation 
in L884. Mr. Shearer was born in Detroit. Decem- 
ber 11. 1858, and is a son of James Shearer, whose 
biographical sketch will be found on another page 
of this Record. Our subjeel was but seven years 
old when his family removed to Bay City. Here 
he received the rudiments of his education and 
graduated from the High School. 

On finishing his preparatory course and passing 
satisfactorily and with honor an examination, he 
entered Cornell V ill versity at Ithaca. X. V.. and re- 
mained at that inst itution for two years. While 
there, meeting young men from all portions of 
the country and indeed of the globe, our sub- 
ject was inevitably broadened ami his outlook. 
even upon business life, was much more extended 
than it otherwise would have been. Returning 
home he entered the real-estate firm of .lames 
Shearer ^ Son, which was finally changed to the 
name of Shearer Bros., he becoming one of the 
managers, the linn being our subject. George 
Henry, and James B. Shearer. His connection with 
them lasted until after entering the bank. They 
did a very large real-estate business in the city, 
but our subject now gives his whole attention to. 
and his interests center exclusively in the bank. 

Chauncy II. Shearer was united in marriage 
\pril 6, L880, to Miss M. Louise, daughter of 
Chailes (;. Deslllei'.Of Columbus. Ohio. Two chil- 


1^1 -v- O-t <- 



dren have graced this union, both daughters, who 
bear the names of Margaret E., and Marie Louise 
D. Mr. and Mrs. Shearer are worshipers at the 
Trinity Episcopal Church, and are numbered 
among the prominent young supporters of that de- 
nomination. They have a lovely home in the 
Bnesl portion of the city and it is located at No. 
Kil.") Center Street. 



(F^ARRISON COLEMAN, one of the promi- 
If ji) nent men of Saginaw, was horn in Conesus, 
HkJP Livingston County, N. Y., May 30, 1840, 
({{§)) and is a >on of David and Elsie (Gray) 
Coleman, natives of New Jersey and both now 
living at the old homestead in New York. Our 
subject is one of four brothers and seven sisters. 
ami one of these sisters, Mrs. .1. .1. Harvey, is now 
living in Saginaw. At the age of twenty-two this 
young man enlisted in August, 18(12, in Company 
I, One Hundred Thirty-sixth New York Infantry. 
During the first year of service this regiment 
was attached to the Eleventh Corps of the Army 
of the Potomac and was in the battle of the Wil- 
derness under Hooker and in the Gettysburg cam- 
paign, but was afterward detailed on service at El- 
mira. N. Y., for nine months. Mr. Coleman wasun- 
der Gen. Sherman at Chattanooga and continued 
with him through that campaign and tookpartin 
the Grand Review at the National Capital, after 
which he returned home. He came to 1 [owell, Mich.. 
with . I. .1. Harvey and engaged in the hotel and liv- 
ery business for two years, but in 1«(!7 they came to 
Saginaw and established themselves in the livery 
business on Germania and Eraulein Streets, where 
they continued for twelve years. At the death of 
the pioneer liveryman, A. W. Gates, they purchased 
his Mock and stables and also secured the property 
where .1. .1. Harvey is now located. 

Messrs. Coleman it Harvey began the undertak- 
ing business sixteen years ago but in 1879 our sub- 
ject purchased Mr. Harvey's interest and is now 

carrying on the business of fi ral director as well 

as undertaker and liveryman. His barn is two 
stories in height and measures 60x120 feet. The 

stable is 60x66 feet and the store 20x80, and he has 
in addition a morgue and a vault. His property 
fronts one hundred and forty feet on Washington 
Street, with sixty feet on Water Street and one 
hundred and twenty feet on Tuscola Street. lie 
has some *l."i.(MI(l invested in the business, besides 
his residence, which cosl $5,000 and is one of the 
handsomest, and most commodious in the city. 

The undertaking department of Mr. Coleman's 
business is in charge of W. Frazee, who has been 
identified with it for sixteen years. As a funeral 
director, no man can surpass him and everything 
in connection with his business is carried on accor- 
ding to the most approved methods and with the 
utmosl convenience to customers. The Super- 
intendent of the livery is E. G. White, who has 
served here for eleven years. Histhree hearses are 
of superior make and one of them is considered 
the finest in Michigan, as it cost over $1,500, and 
a number of his coaches cost over $1,000 each. At 
tins stable arc some thirty carriage outfits and 
about thirty horses. Air. Coleman's reception 
rooms are large and finely finished and admirably 
adapted for the purpose of funerals, many of which 
are held here. 

Mr. Coleman lias ever been a lover of fast horses, 
although not a breeder; is one of the oiiginatorsof 
the old East Saginaw Trotting Association, and 
was its Secretary for nine years. This was one of 
the leading associations of the country and on its 
tracks "Goldsmith Maid" first became queen of the 
turf, beating' 1 Dexter 's" time and becoming cham- 
pion of the world. Mr. Coleman is also interested 
in. and for one year was Secretary of the Union 
Park, of Saginaw, which, in 1891, had the fastesl 
seven-heat race ever trotted over any course. His 
advancement has been constant and unbroken, as he 
came here a poor man and owes his Splendid Success 
in business to close application and a constant effort 
to please his Customers. lie is a prominent mem- 
ber of the Hoard of Trade and stands high among 
Savinaw's best business men. 

Our subject was married January 15, I867,athis 
old home in New York to Minerva Thomas, of 
Livingston County. X. V.. a lady of refinement 
and a great favorite in Saginaw society. Mr. Cole- 
man has never been a politician, but is connected 



with several of the social orders, being a member 
of the Masonic fraternity. <>f the Chapter and 
Knights Templar, and an official member of the 
Grand Army of the Republic. 

In connection with this biographical sketch will 
be noticed a portrait of Mr. Coleman. 

I — -j RED WARD STONE, editor of the Saginaw 
I— (s) Evening News, was born at Niagara, Onta- 
[[ rio, Canada, July L, 1862. Heattended the 
districl school and worked on a farm during vaca- 
tions, and later entered the High School at Niag- 
ara. His father was a clergyman and in 1874 the 
son accompanied his parents to Michigan, where 
they settled in Fenton, Genesee County. 

In 1886 this young man was graduated from 
Kalamazoo College with the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts, and he had in the meantime also taken a 
course in a business college and had done some 
newspaper work, lie spent two seasons a- a com- 
mercial traveler and was also a reporter in the 
Michigan Legislature, during the session of 1887. 
In the spring of 1888 he entered the office of the 
Kalamazoo Telegraph where he remained for two 
years and a half and also did other newspaper 

The marriage of Mr. Stone look place in August, 
1889, and he was then united witli Mis> Lizzie I.. 
Warrant, of Kalamazoo. In November, 1890, be 
removed to Saginaw and became managing editor 
of the "Evening News. lie is also secretary of the 
company which owns and publishes that paper and 
the Weekly News, besides having business interests 
elsewhere. He has proved himself , although still a 
young man. one of the enterprising and influential 
citizens of Saginaw. 

The Evening News first appeared as a six-column 
quarto, May 2, 1881, and was published by Messrs. 
Seeman & Peters. The first is>ue was printed on a 
pony job press, hut better facilities were soon 
added and the paper grew in circulation and influ- 
ence. In due time the size of the paper was in- 
creased t<> eight pages, and June 8, 1887, the Weekly 

News was started. Both papers were sold by the 
original owners November 12, 1890, to the Saginaw 
Evening News Company, which is composed of 
practical newspapermen and is officered as follows: 
President, Eugene McSweeney; Vice President. 
J. T Winship: Secretary, F. W. Stone; Treasurer, 
G. II. Gardner. 

The Evening News owns the afternoon franchises 
for both the associated press and the united press 
reports, besides employing a competent corps of 
special correspondents. I'nder its new owners this 
paper is being rapidly improved and is broadly ex- 
tending its held. The jVeekly News is issued every 
Wednesday and circulates all over Northern Mich- 
igan. Both papers are strongly Democratic and 
influential in shaping the policy of the party. 



-\ EV. GEORGE W. (ARSON. Although com- 
L-/ bining the dual occupations of a tilier of 

Y the soil and a minister of the Gospel, Mr. 
Carson finds abundant time for the duties 
of both callings, and is widely known as a promi- 
nent fanner and a successful preacher of Saginaw 
County. His home is a pleasant residence in 
Richland Township, where he owns thirty-eight 
acres of good land, and he is also the owner of 
a tine block in Chesaning. He is the son of Sam- 
uel and Elizabeth (Wllloughby) Carson, who were 
of Irish and Welsh descent respectively. His pa- 
ternal grandfather was Robert Carson, who was a 
soldier through the Revolutionary War. The 
members of tin' * arson family, so far as the rec- 
ord extends, have been principally farmers and 
people of worth and enterprise. 

In Ohio the parents of our subject made a per- 
manent home, tesiding first in Harrison County 
and later in Seneca County, where the mother 
died in 1865, and the father in 1866. Of their 
eleven children, tell grew to years of maturity, 
and nine engaged as teachers. Six now survive. 
Samuel (arson was a member of the Protestant 
Methodist Church, to which his wife also belonged, 
and in which she was an active worker. lie was a 
Colonel in the State militia and was active in poli- 



tic- as a Whig, taking a prominent part in sup- 
porting William Henry Harrison for President in 
1840. In Seneca County, where his influence was 
considerable, he was County Commissioner and 
held other offices of minor importance. When he 
first settled in that county he purchased three 
hundred and twenty aire- (if unimproved land. 
which he embellished with first-class buildings. 
lie also planted a good orchard, and continued to 
improve the place until his death. 

December 21. l«2ii. our subject wa- horn in 
Harrison County, Ohio. While young he removed 
with his father to Seneca County, and there re- 
ceived a common-school education. Having been 
reared on a farm, he gained a practical knowledge 
of the best way of carrying "ii agricultural pur- 
suits, and remained at home until after he was 
twenty-one year- old. lie learned the trade of a 
carpenter, at which he served an apprenticeship "I 
three year-, and then found employment at his 
calling for eight succeeding years. He was mar- 
ried. January 1. 1853, i" Miss Catherine Moore, a 
native of Ohio, who was a teacher prior to her 
marriage. Of the eighl children born of this union, 
four now survive, the parents having Lost three in 
the space of eleven days. John F., the eldest 
child, is married and lives in South Dakota: he 
now ha- an appointment from the Government to 
teach an Indian school in the Indian Territory. 
Ro-a Ella, the wife of L.Sanderson and the mother 
of four children, make- her home in Richland 
Township; George Ii. married Maggie Currie, and 
lives in ( hesaning; Martha Belle is the wife of 
Johnson Currie. of Fremont Township, and they 
have two children. The mother of these children 
died May 23, 1865. 

Mr. Carson was again married December lit. 
1X71. hi- wife being Catharine Ann (Best) Crane, 
a native of Canada. At the time of her marriage 
to Mr. Carson -he was a widow and had one child, 
now deceased. She was born June 11. 1836, to 
Conrad and Catharine (Loucks) Best, the former 
a native of Germany and I he latter of Vermont. 
The\ resided in Canada, when' he engaged in 
farming, and where he died in 1861. Mr-. Besl 
survived until 1885. They were the parents of 
nine children, six of whom are now living. One 

child blessed the congenial union of Mr. and Mrs. 
Carson, a daughter. Effie, who died August 23, 
Ism;, aged ten years, four month.- and three days. 
Effie wa- a remarkably bright and beautiful child, 
the pride of her parent-, and already well known 
for her tahnt for singing. Although Mr-. Carson 
has never had hut two children of her own. she 
has taken the pari of a mother to twenty-one chil- 
dren, whom she has reared to maturity, and her 
kindness oi heart and love for children are well 
known in Saginaw County. 

For live years Mr. Carson followed farming in 
Ohio, whence he removed to Michigan in Janu- 
ary. 1867, settling in Brady Township, this county, 
upon a new and heavily timbered farm of one 
hundred and sixty acre-, of thi- he cleared and 
cultivated eighty acre-, and there built a barn, 
10x60 feet in dimensions, and a residence. After 
making it his home eight years, he removed to 
Richland Township and settled on section 13. In 
1888 he removed to his present location. Mrs. 
( arson < wns an eighty-acre farm and they are in 
comfortable circumstances. In religious belief 
Air. Carson and hi- estimable wife are both mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal Church, in which 
denomination he ha- of ten officiated at funerals 
and marriages, besides being popular as a preacher. 
He nulled with tin Free-Will Baptist Church when 
twenty years of age and wa- ordained to preach 
in that denomination. Mrs. Carson is teacher of 
the Bible class in the Sunday-school in Hemlock 
( ity, al-o Presidenl of the Ladies' Aid Society. 
and formerly was connected with the Good Temp- 
lars' Lodge. 

Socially Mr. Carson is a member of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellow,-, and in hi- political 
preference F a Republican. He has served a- Su- 
pervisor of Brady Township two years, and of 
Richland Township four year-. lie is interested 
in educational affairs and has served as School 
Director. A gifted speaker and eloquent, he has 
frequently been called upon to deliver patriotic 
and political addresses, and while on tin? County 
Board made a telling speech in favor of building 
the Court House in Saginaw. He is honored a- a 
veteran of the late war, in which he and three 
brothers served with valor. He was in Company 



C, < toe Hundred and Sixty-fourth Ohio Infantry, 
in which he served a> Duty Sergeant, and was 
stationed with his company at Arlington Heights, 
Va. lie was honorably discharged in August, 
1864, and returned home with a record of which 
his friends ma}' be justly proud. 

p=3,DWIN PARK. There is no resident of Sagi- 
7*j naw Valley who i- more highly esteemed 
_-< than this gentleman, who since 1 s { 7 has 

made his home in Bay City, and therefore justly 
merits the honored name of pioneer. When he 
came here there wen- neither railroads nor wagon 
roads, and many a time has he walked the entire 
distance from Bay City to Flint, or to his fisheries 
at Au Sable. Although he lias met with misfor- 
tunes in his business adventures, his sawmills hav- 
ing been burned to the ground on three different 
occasions, he has retrieved hi- losses to a consider- 
able extent and now possesses sufficient of this 
world's goods to enable him to pas- his declining 
years in comfort. 

The family of which Mr. Park is a member 
traces its ancestry to England. His father. Will- 
iam, was born in Massachusetts and was an early 
settler of Tioga County. N. Y .. where he engaged 
in farming operations. A devoted adherent of 
our Government, he served as a soldier in the War 
of 1812. In 1824 he located in Ithaca. X. Y.. 
where he died two years later of consumption, 
being at that time only thirty-five years old. The 
mother of our subject, whose maiden name was 
Bernice Whiting, and who was born in Massachu- 
setts; was a daughter of William Whiting, a farmer 
in the old Bay state, whence lie emigrated to New 
York. Upon the mother, who was a lady of great 
refinement and splendid information, devolved 
the care of the seven children comprising her 
family. She was twice married after the death of 
Mr. Park and spent her last years in Tioga County, 
X. Y.. where she was tenderly cared for by our 

The only surviving member of the family. 

Edwin Park, was born November 5, 1822, in 
Speedsville, X. Y. He was a mere child when he 
was orphaned by hi- father's death, after which 
sad event lie was taken into the home of a Mr. 
Williams, of Tioga County, and there remained 
for several years, assisting in farming operations. 
When he was sixteen his benefactor died and he 
managed the farm for one year, after which he 
worked out until the fall of 1842. At that early 
date in the history of this State Mr. Park came 
hither, stopping first in Detroit and theme suc- 
cessively visiting Chicago, Ottawa. Buffalo and 
Pontiac, where he seemed employment on farms. 
In tlic spring of 1846 he came to Thunder Bay 
Island, where for one year he engaged in fishing, 
and then, in lMf7, located in Bay City. 

Forming a partnership with C. Munger in the 
fishing business on Thunder Bay, Mr. Park was 
thus engaged until the fall of 1848, when he es- 
tablished a store on Water Street, between Fourth 
and Fifth Streets. The store which he built was 
a frame structure with good docks, and was well 
supplied with a full line of general merchandise. 
He made a specialty of buying and selling fish, 
which be shipped to various points in the Fast. 
During the early part of 1852 he went to Lake 
Superior in a sail boat for the purpose of trying 
the fishing, and landing at Eagle Harbor, con- 
tinued there until June of the same year, when he 
sojourned on [sle Royal for a few months. In 
1854 A. Munger was taken into the firm, which 
continued successfully in business until I860 
when Mr. Park sold hiss^pre and for a twelvemonth 
was landlord of the Wolverton Hotel. 

Later Mr. Park, together with Mr. Munger. oper- 
ated a farm, and in 1862 the former gentleman 
embarked in business as a tug and vessel man, 
continuing thus engaged for six years. He owned 
at one time three tugs and oarges, which he later 
sold in order to engage in the lumber business at 
Ilatton. He first purchased a mill and later built 
a sawmill, which unfortunately burned down in 
less than one year after its erection. Nor was 
this his only loss, for one year later his shingle 
mill was destroyed l>\ tire and January 1, 1891, a 
mill which he had fitted up with Bret-class ma- 
chinery was burned to the ground. After meet- 

• ja* 

; - 


(V n #y>n £ t J /ko^ c{ 



ing with continued heavy losses by lire, he ceased 
operations in the lumber business in L891, and is 
new retired from the duties which formerly en- 
gaged his entire attention. 

Besides considerable wild land which Mr. Park 
owns, he also holds some real estate in Hay City 
and owns a beautiful residence on the corner of 
Fourth and Adam Streets. This dwelling, which 
he erected in 1855, he still occupies, and it has 
been his home since a short time after his marriage. 
His wedded life, which began August 11. 1852, by 
his marriage to Miss Theresa Wells, is of great 
happiness. Mrs. Park is the daughter of William 
and Persis (Dunham) Wells, natives of the Em- 
pire State, where their daughter was also horn. 
Three children came to bless the union of Mr. and 
Mrs. Park — William, who died a1 the ageof twenty 
years; Bernice, who remains at home with her fa- 
ther; and Jennie, the wife of David Hurst, train- 
master on the Michigan Central Road in Bay City. 

While his private affairs have engaged Mr. 
Talk's attention very closely, he has never re- 
fused his aid to public enterprises for the welfare 
of the city. lie has always voted the Democratic 
ticket and is a devoted adherent to the principles 
of that party. He has served as Alderman of the 
Second Ward for three terms and tilled other po- 
sitions of responsibility. He is a member of the 
Royal Arcanum and the Order of Chosen Friends, 
and socially is a most agreeable companion and 
entertaining con versiitionalist. 

l(— =jr>RANCIS HOOD, the owner and proprietor 
:> of two stave mills, is justly numbered 
among the influential citizens of Saginaw. 
He belongs t" the class which forms so large a per- 
cent of the population of the United states, of for- 
eign-bora citizens. A native of Prussia, Germany, 
he was born December 23, 1826, and is the son of 
Henry and Magdalena (Miller) Hood, natives of 
the Fatherland, who passed their entire life in 
Germany. In the family there were live children 
two daughters and three sons, and of these Francis 
was the youngest. He passed his youth in Germany 

1 availed himself to the utmost of the excellent 

opportunities for gaining a good education. 

At the ageof thirteen years our subject left 
school and afterward devoted his time to aiding 
his father in the farm work until he was nineteen, 
when he emigrated to the United States and after 
an uneventful voyage landed in Quebec. Thence 
he proceeded to Cleveland. Ohio, at which place 
he spent eight months. From there he removed to 
( (swego, N. Y., where he spent two years in learn- 
ing and following the cooper's trade. For a time 
he traveled as a journeyman and visited various 
portions of the Empire State, stoppingm Waterloo 
and engaging in business as a cooper on his own 
account. Between the years 1852 and 1874 he 
resided in Dresden. Yates County, N. Y., and 
was employed in coopering and the stave business. 
In 1874 Mr. Hood left the Umpire State and 
coming to Michigan started a mill, first in St. 
Charles. Saginaw County, and three years later 
moved his family from New York State to Sagi- 
naw City, where he has since resided, and engaged 
in manufacturing staves and heading, operating 
six mills at one time, located at the following 
places: St. Charles, Oakley, Men ill, Saginaw 
County; Reese, Caro, Tuscola County; Wheeler, 
Gratiot County. Having sold four, he now owns 
two, one at Merrill and the other at Wheeler. He 
markets at Philadelphia and throughout the United 
States as far West as San Francisco. His mills are 
supplied with the latest and best improved ma- 
chinery, and one hundred men find steady em- 
ployment in the two establishments. The daily 
output is from forty thousand to fifty thousand 
staves, and about Ave thousand set of headings. 

He was first married to Miss Mary J. Brown. 
of Dresden, N. Y.. who left at her death one child, 
Emma, now Mrs. M. J. Gardner, of Reese. The 
second wife of Mr. Hood bore the maiden name of 
Mary II. Fllis, and was the mother of t wo children 
Henry and Frank. In 1889 Mr. Hood was married 
to Miss Jennie Murray. Mr. Hood is a stockholder 
and Director in the Commercial National Bank at 
Saginaw and owns two farms in this county as well 
as a line place in New York State the estates lieiiiLl 
well improved anil lineh cultivated. 

In the best sense of the word. Mr. Hood may be 



termed a self-made man, for when he landed in 
Cleveland. Ohio, his entire worldly possessions 
consisted of twenty shillings and the first employ- 
ment which he secured wasat$5 per month during 
the winter season. Through the of excel- 
lent judgment and shrewd investments, he has 
accumulated a large property and become prosper- 
ous. He has an attractive home a1 No. 820 Cleve- 
land Street and lias given to his children splendid 
advantages besides aiding them financially when 
they started outin life for themselves. In his pol 
itical affiliations he is independent and is a hearty 
supporter of even' measure having for its aim the 
development of the county's best resources. 

In connection with this sketch will lie found a 
lithographic portrait of Mr. Hood. 




ftfOHN MULHOLLAND. It has been the 
pleasant privilege of the biographical writer 
to present to the notice of the reader in 
Other portions of this volume an outline of 
the personal histories of several officials of the Bay 
County Savings Bank. This hook would not lie 
complete without mention of its genial Treasurer. 
John Mulholland. 

The Bay County Savings Bank is well known 
throughout the Stale :is one of the most reliable 
monetary institutions. The utility of savings 
banks as agents for the promotion of thrift among 
all classes, especially with those of modest means, 
and aiding their securing financial independence, 
is unquestioned, ami to supply such aids to the in- 
dustrious residents of Bay County and vicinity, 
was the Bay County Savings Bank established. It 
was organized in February. 1884, ami commenced 
operations on the 5th of March following. It was 
at once successful and success ha- accompanied its 
career ever since. 

The bank occupies eleganl premises at No. 202 
Phoenix Block, which is on the corner of Wash- 
ington and Center Avenues. Bay City, and is one 
of the most conveniently located business blocks 
in the city. The rules of the bank provide for 
the payment of interest to the depositors at the 

rate of four per cent, per annum, and deposits 
made on or prior to the fifth day of the month 
draw interest from the first of that month, and 
when made after the fifth, interest begins on the 
first day of the succeeding month on all sums de- 
posited for at least three months. 

The solid character of the above institution is 
expressed in its annual report, rendered January 
1. 1892. which showed tin- capital stock to be $50,- 
ooo. with a surplus of $25,000, an undivided profit 
of $5,000, and deposits approximating $400,000^ 
and it is further emphasized by the fact that the 
bank has paid semi-annual dividends of five per 
cent, to stockholders since the first year of its or- 
ganization. The present officers are as follows: 
Thomas Cranage, President; G. Henry Shearer, 
Nice President; John Mulholland, Treasurer; and 
its Board of Directors consisting of Thomas Cran- 
age, G. Henry Shearer, Darwin ('. Smalley. II. M. 
Gillett, Gustavus Iline, Newell A. Eddy and John 
Mulholland. Our subject gives his undivided at- 
tention to the affairs of the bank, in which line his 
experience peculiarly fits him. having been con- 
nected with the First. National, formerly Bay Na- 
tional Bank, for fourteen years, and was one of the 
principal organizers of the Bay County Savings 
Bank. The bank is one of the soundest in the 
West, and its management is a guarantee of its 
solvency and business methods. 

To return to a more personal consideration of 
our subject, outside of his relations with the bank 
— Mr. Mulholland was bom in Ann Arbor. August 
22, 1844, where he received his education. He 
came to Bay City in March, 1869, and was em- 
ployed in the Bay National Bank for fourteen 
years. During that time he held the positions 
tiist of book-keeper and then of teller. 

Mr. Mulholland remained with the First, or Bay- 
National Bank, until the organization of the pres- 
ent institution and has since given it his undi- 
vided attention — not a draft on any other bank 
and not a signature that he should make has 
been deputized to anyone else. There is such a 
thing as having a natural aptitude for the bank- 
ing business, and not all men can be successful in 
this department any more than in other walks of life. 
Our subject possesses natural talent for the busi- 



ness, and besides being a practical, keen and 
shrewd business man. has aided in shaping the pol- 
icy of the bank, together with its Directors, prom- 
inent among whom are its President, Thomas 
Cranage, and II. M. Gillette (the bank's attor- 
ney), upon whom Mr. Mulholland relies implic- 
itly, both as to their judgmenl and to their dis- 
interested advice to others. Our subject is per- 
sonally interested in Bay City real estate in con- 
nection with Shearer Urns. 



OUIS MORITZ. The brewing industry is 
fast ranking among the most important in 
this great country. Its owners employ a 
vast amount of the cereals in the manufacture of 
their beverages. Bay City has a large brewing 
establishment, which was incorporated under the 
laws of the State. January 1. Ink:!, and of this our 
subject is Superintendent. Mr. Moritz was born at 
Port Washington, Wis., May 12, is.")."., lie is a son 
of Jacob and Barbara (Hoefner) Moritz, his father 
being a German by birth, and a brewer in our sub- 
ject's native place. 

Louis Moritz received the rudiments of his edu- 
cation in his native place. He was then placed in 
Engleman's School in Milwaukee, after which he 
siient live years in Europe. He had learned his 
father's business and during the years of his travel 
abroad spent much time in noting the methods em- 
ployed in the noted breweries of Europe, and on 
returning to Milwaukee entered the employ of 
Philip Best, being in the malt house. After that 
he was employed as brewer for K. Schreir. of She- 
boygan, Wis. He remained with him as brewer for 
four years. 

On the organization of the brewing company in 
Bay City Mr. Moritz wasoffered the position which 
he now holds and has been Superintendent ever 
Since. He has also had charge of the rebuilding of 
the plant. They now have a capacity of thirty 
thousand barrels per year ami give employment to 

eighteen men at one ti Mr. Moritz being the 

only practical brewer in connection with the linn, 
gives his whole personal attention to the business. 

lie has, however, extensive outside interests, lie 

is pail owner of the barges "Arizona" and "Ply- 
mouth," which are extensive carriers of coal and 

Socially our subject belongs to the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, also to the Knights of the 
Maccabees, to the Arbeiter and Druids. He is a, 
member of the Board of Water Works and is now- 
serving his sixth year, representing the Fifth 
Ward. Our subject has a very pleasant home 
which is located on Twenty-third and McCormick 
Streets, and in it is to be found all the elements of 
a happy domestic life. 

Our subject was married to Miss Anna Bidgen- 
bach of Niedermendig, Germany, November 25, 
1875. Their union has been blessed by the advent 
into the family of seven children, whose names are, 
Bertha, John, Paul, Ernst. Alma. Gertrude and 


' OIIN DRAKE. We give here a life sketch 
of one of the most prominent and genial of 
the old settlers of Bay City, who has been 
Deputy Assessor of Internal Revenue, 
and also Deputy Collector, and is said to be the 
oldest insurance man in the Mate lb' has resided 
in Bay City ever since 1851, and during that year 
erected a mill here. He was born at Patna, in 
Ayrshire, Scotland, in August, 1819, and his father, 
John, who was a merchant tailor there, removed 
to Canada in 1834 when his son was about fifteen 
years old, locating in Hamilton, where he spent 
some years, then came to Bay City anil remained 
a few years, then returned to Komoka, Canada, 
where he died. The great-grandfather was of En- 
glish birth, and removed to Scotland generations 
ago. The mother, whose name was Margaret 
1 '»a in I. was born in Ayrshire. 

The parochial schools furnished the education 
Of Our subject until he reached the age of fifteen. 
After coming to Canada In- clerked for four years 
ma dry-goods store in Hamilton, and then re- 
moved to London, and there clerked for eighteen 
months after which he started in business for him- 

r, i-2 


self at Delaware, and carried on a country store 
for eleven years, being also Township Clerk and 
Postmaster for most of that time. 

In 1851, young Drake came to Hay City, and 
here built a steam sawmill, in conjunction with his 
brothers James and Samuel, and bought pine lands. 
He soon began the manufacture of lumber, making 
his home at what was then called Lower Saginaw, 
when they had mail only once a week, lie helped 
in various ways to build up the little town, and 
remembers that he gave the nails for the laying of 
the first sidewalk in Lower Saginaw. This was in 
1*."}:;, and the following year he sold his property 
here and located in Detroit, where he engaged in 
the commission and insurance busines.-.luit returned 
two years later to Lower Saginaw, and engaged in 
the manufacture of lumber at the Zilwaukie Mills, 
which lie operated for two years. 

The panic of 1857 obliged Mr. Drake to close 
his business, and at the same time he was attacked 
with rheumatism which afflicted him for three 
years, during which time he did little business. 
He was State Agent for tin 1 swamp lands for four 
or five 3 T ears, and gave away much of it to settlers 
on the homestead plan, some of which is now very 
valuable. Since 1858 he has represented the Home 
Insurance Company, of New York, and in 1862 he 
was appointed Assistant Assessor of Internal Reve- 
nue for the Fifth District, which Office he Idled 
for live years, and again performed those duties 
in 1872, after which he acted as Deputy Inter- 
nal Revenue Collector for four years, while at 
the same time he carried on his private business, 
and was successful in both lines. He has repre- 
sented the Hartford Company for twenty-nine 
years, and now has dealings with nine companies. 
He formerly traveled extensively, but now does 
more home business. 

London. Canada, was the scene of Mr. Drake's 
marriage, iu 1844, and his bride was Miss Emma 
Dickson, who was born in Appleby, England, and 
came to this country with her parents in 1831. 
She died September 10, 1886, and had been the 
mother of four children, all of whom have passed 
to the other life. Mr. Drake became a Mason in 
1846, in Canada, and has now reached the Royal 
Arch degree. He is a charter member of the 

Episcopal Church of Hay City, and was active in 
building botb chapel and church. For twenty 
years he was a Vestryman, and has also been the 
Treasurer and Secretary of this religious body. 

He is a strong Republican in his political views. 


ARTISTE BURTON holds the responsible 
position of Superintendent of the Pitts cfe 
I Cranage .Mill, that does so large a lumber 
and log business. He is also interested in 
pine lands and is associated with Andrew Kent 
of ( liner. Arenac County, in lumbering, and with 
the same gentleman has improved and is operating 
a farm of one hundred and sixty acres of land in 
Merrill Township, seven miles from Hay City on 
the gravel road. This place is well cultivated and 
well stocked. 

.Mr. Burton was horn in Brantford, Ontario,- July 
31, 1842. He is a son of Robert and Alice (John- 
son) Burton, both natives of Ireland, the former of 
Belfast and the latter of Dublin. Robert Burton 
was a yeoman in his native land and a landowner. 
He came to Canada about 1830 and located at 
Brantford, where lie improved a farm. He was very 
loyal to the Government of his adopted country 
and died in 1X7.") at the advanced age of eighty 
years. His father came from England and settled 
in Ireland. Our subject's mother was the daughter 
of an Irish landowner and farmer, who also came 
to Canada. She died at the age of seventy years. 

The family of which Baptiste is one comprised 
ten children, eight of whom lived to be grown. 
Our subject is the fifth in order of birth. He was 
reared in his native place and there attended the 
common schools. He remained at home until the 
winter of 1863 and then came to Detroit, Mich., 
and for a time was engaged in working in I he 
lumber woods for R. C. Rennic. In the spring 
of 1864 he removed to Bay City and was employed 
with Messrs. Pitts & Cranage. He was first placed 
in charge of the logging department and worked 
up until he was placed in the scaling department, 
in tin' winter of L865-66. In the year of 1870 he 
\\a- made superintendent of the business and has 
since kept this position. 

f - 






Mr. Burton was married in Bay City December 
31, 1^71. his bride being Miss Alice M.,a daughter 
of Samuel Drake, of this city. Their residence is 
located at No. 707 Monroe street. Socially, our 
subject is a Knight Templar and has attained to 
the thirty-second degree in Masonry, am d also to 
the Mystic Shrine. He belongs to the Knights of 
the Maccabees and to the Royal Arcanum. In 
church relations he and his wife are connected with 
the Trinity Episcopal Church. He is a Republican 
in his political affiliations and has been a delegate 
to State and county conventions. He is a member 
of the Bay City Business Men's Association and is 
a willing supporter of all the best enterprises of 
the place, lie is a stockholder in both the Bay 
County and Commercial Banks. 


^ssaTEPHEX L. WIGGINS. It gives us plea- 
«^ sure to chronicle the events in the career 
of a man whose tendencies have always 
been in the upward direction. The gentle- 
man whose name heads this sketch, and whose 
portrait is shown on the opposite page, is a suc- 
cessful man, not only in a business way by attain- 
ing a good financial standing, but by rising to the 
best ideal we have of manliness. He is the owner 
of five hundred acres of excellent farming land 
and has an interest in twenty thousand acres of 
timber lands. His farm is located on section 32, 
Buena Vista Township, Saginaw County, and is 
fitted out with every possible convenience for the 
successful prosecution of his calling. 

Mr. Wiggins was bom in Dover, Me., October 
22. 1«2K. His father was Elisha Wiggins, one of 
the earliest settlers in Dover. Me. His mother was 
known in her maidenhood as Mis:- Susannah Lam- 
bert, and was also a native of the Pine Tree State. 
Both the parents died in their native State. Our 
subject received his education in the common 
schools anil wad always found to be an apt and dil- 
igent student. Being the eldest son of his pa- 
rents, he was called upon to assist his father in the 
farm work, which proved to be an excellent train- 
ing for him in his subsequent occupation as a 

farmer. He remained in Dover on his father's 
farm until reaching his majority, when he decided 
to venture out in the world for himself, and went 
to the lumber districts of Pennsylvania, working 

three years in the employ of Others. 

At the expiration of the three years spent in 
Pennsylvania, Mr. Wiggins returned to his native 
town, remaining there only about six months, 
when, like many another young man, he was seized 
with the California fever, and went thither in 1«;")2, 
ami engaged in mining and lumbering, for five 
years, lie was in the mines for about a year and 
a half, and the remainder of the time was spent in 
lumbering on his own account. When returning 
to his native State he made the trip via the Isth- 
mus, and passed the succeeding five years in farm- 
ing and railroading in Maine, assisting in the build- 
ing of railroads. 

In the fall of 1862 Mr. Wiggins came to Saginaw 
and took charge of a lumber cam]) on the Titta- 
bawassee River. However, he followed that busi- 
ness only two years, when he again returned to 
Maine and followed farming pursuits for a period 
of three years. Finally disposing of his property 
in the Pine Tree State, he returned to Saginaw and 
engaged in lumbering in company with his brother. 
George B. The brothers continued in partnership 
until the summer of L888, since which time our 
subject has carried on his lumbering interests on a 
smaller scale. While engaged with his brother, 
they put out as high as twenty million feet of logs 

Our subject lived in Saginaw until the fall of 
1874, when he settled in Buena Vista Township, 
where he has superintended the operation of his 
farm in connection with his lumber interests. which 
have been very extensive as he is at the present 
time interested in twenty thousand acicsof timber 
lands. He also has mining stock in Montana and 
Colorado which net him handsome returns. He 
has made his influence felt in the township and is 
looked upon as one of the leading men in the Re- 
publican party. 

.Iul\ Hi. 1860, Ml". Wiggins was married in 
Dover, Me., to Miss Frances 14. Dorr, who was 
born in Dover. Mrs. Wiggins is universally es- 
teemed and admired for both ability and culture. 



Her maternal grandperents were in a direct line 
from the Hutchins, who came over in the "May- 
flower," and were persons of marked ability and 
for successive generations were famous musicians. 
Mr. and Mrs. Wiggins have an adopted daughter, 
Fannie, who now resides in East Saginaw. She 
was married December 23, 1891, to Edgar L. Doore, 

who died February !•, 18'.)2. In social and d i is- 

tic life Mr. Wiggins is considerate and courteous, 
in business dealings honest and straightforward, 
and his reputation in every respect is most excel- 

\i' IJA II. WHITNEY, editor and proprietor of the 
Merrill Sentinel, was horn March 12, 1856, in 
t {\ Hartland Township, Livingston County, and 
is the son of .1. W. and Elizabeth (Davis) Whitney. 
His father was born in Massachusetts in 1816, and 
followed the occupation of a farmer; his mother 
was born in Rhode Island in 1828; After their 
marriage the parents came to Michigan in 1854, 
settling on a partially improved farm in Livingston 
County. and devoting the ensuing years to adding 
necessary improvements to the place, which they 
still occupy. 

Eight children were horn toJ. W. and Elizabeth 
Whitney, and of this family six are now living, as 
follows: Sarah I.; Jay S.. who is married and resides 
in Illinois; Ira II., of this sketch; John is married 
and makes his home in Osceola County; Esli E. is 
married and resides in Detroit; Hattie R. became 
the wife of C. Taft and is now living on the Whit- 
ney homestead in Livingston County. The mother 
of these children is a consistent member of the 
Baptist Church, while the father is a I'niversalist 
in his religious belief. He has taken an active in- 
terest in local politics and is a stanch Republican 
in his belief. In Livingston County, where he and 
his good wife still reside, they are highly esteemed 
as public-spirited citizens and worthy people whose 
highest ambition has been to rear their children to 
noble manhood and womanhood. 

The boyhood years of our subject were passed mi 
the old homestead, where he gained considerable 
knowledge of agricultural pursuits and whence in 

the winter he would go to the district school. 
When eighteen years old he started out in life for 
himself and learned the trade of a printer in the 
Office of the Milford Times in Oakland County. 
There he worked fot almost seven years and after- 
ward followed his trade for a short time in Lud- 
ington. Reed City, Big Rapids anil Bay City, be- 
ing employed in the latter city in the job rooms of 
the Tribune. In June, 1888, he came to .Merrill 
and four months alter his arrival purchased the 
Sentinel, which he has since conducted alone and 

Iii 1882 Mr. Whitney was united in marriage 
with Miss Kate Fralick, who was born May 17, 
1858. near Whitmore Lake in Livingston County. 
Mrs. Whitney is the daughter of John and Katie 
(Logan) Fralick, who came to Wayne County, this 
State, about 1827 and settled on an unimproved 
farm. Mr. Fralick survives at the age of sixty-nine 
years, but his wife passed from earth in August, 
188!). Their four children are all living, viz: 
Charles, a resident of Toledo, Ohio; George, who 
makes his home in North Dakota; Mrs. Whitney 
and Miss Anna. The happy union of Mr. and 
Mrs. Whitney has been blessed with one child, a 
daughter, Cecile May. who was born April 25, 1881. 
They are members in good' standing of the Con- 
gregational Church of Merrill, and she is a teacher 
in the Sunday-school. Politically, he is independ- 
ent, as is also his paper, making it his aim to sup- 
port the candidate who, in his judgment, is best 
qualified for the office in question, irrespective of 
party ties. Since the organization of the village 
of Merrill in April. 188:), he has held the position 
of t Jerk, and has contributed his quota to the de- 
velopment of the place. 

<& » I I.I.I \M H. SULLIVAN is one of the prom- 
\rJ/t inent plumbers and steam fitters of Bay 
y»jy\y City, having been here since 1869, and he 
is Ideated at the corner of Fifth Street and Wash- 
ington Avenue. He was born in Oswego, N. Y., 
November 2:!. 1848, and is a son of Michael Sulli- 
van. He received his education in his native 


CI 7 

town and learned the plumber's trade there, begin- 
ning to serve his time as an apprentice at the age 
of thirteen, and after completing it working at his 
trade in that pari of the State until 1869. 

This gentleman after coming to Bay City was 
engaged foi eight years with the Bay City <-as 
Light Company and then established himself inde- 
pendently in 1877 and he is thus the oldest plum- 
ber now residing in the city. His first location 
was mi Center Street and he continued there until 
1885, when he sold ou1 his business. This he re- 
sumed, however, f 'years later, and now has a 

good degree of the custom of the city. He con- 
stantly employs ten men and has had charge of 
fitting up some of the best buildings in the city. 

For four years Mr. Sullivan was Supervisor for 
the Fourth Ward, but of late has not been in poli- 
tics. His home is in a line part of the city, being 
situated on Seventh Street between Madison and 

Monroe. Under his happy roof lie and his wife, 
who was Miss Catherine Sheridan, of Oswego. N. 
V.. enjoy the companionship of their two dautdi 
ters, Catherine and Mary Frances. He is a mem- 
ber of the Knights of the Maccabees and also of 
the National Union and throughout his residence 
here he has distinguished himself by liberality in 
taking hold of all enterprises which would pro- 
mote the growth of the city and has been an effi- 
cient helper in securing railroads and other con- 


bHEODORE TROMBLEY. Among the old- 
est of the native-born citizens of Bay 
County is this gentleman, who is a repre- 
sentative of a pioneer family and has by his lite 
added lustre to the worthy name he bears. lie 
was born on Water Street. Hay City. September 15, 
1846, and is the son of Joseph Trombly, whose 
sketch will lie found in another portion of this 
volume. The family of which he is a member 
comprises five living children, namely: Joseph; 
Adeline. Mrs. p.eebe; James, Theodore and David, 
and for further particulars in regard to the life of 

each the reader is referred to their personal 
Sketches, which appear in the RlsCOKD. 

The boyhood days of our subject were passed in 
Banks, and as there was no school in that place 
the children of the Troinbley family received in- 
struction under the parental roof. Our subject 
had meager opportunities for acquiring knowledge, 
but to say that he availed himself of every possi- 
ble opportunity for extending and enlarging his 
information is but to state wdiat actually occurred. 
Careful reading and observation have to a great 
degree overcome the deficiencies of his early edu- 
cation and he is now a well-informed man. 1'n- 
der the careful guidance of his parents he was 
reared to a stalwart manhood and gained those 
principles of honor and uprightness which have 
characterized his entire life. 

In his childhood our subject assisted his father 
in fishing, and in his early manhood he built a 
Sailing vessel, the "Phil Sheridan." capacity ten 
tons, and with it he fished in the Little Charity 
Islands for about seven years. Then selling that 
boat he purchased the "Josie Troinbley" and man- 
aged it for seven or eight years. Since selling 
that, vessel he has engaged in fishing at the month 
of the liver, and has met witli success in that busi- 
ness His record as a fisherman is unexcelled, he 
having caught stuigeon with a weight of one hun- 
dred and seventy-five pounds, and trout weighing 
forty pounds. lie owns over two hundred and 
twenty acres on section 2, Huron Township, which 
he uses for fishing purposes, and about two or 
three miles of that land lies along the lake. He 
owns two sail boats, has about twenty-live or 
thirty lots in Hanks, besides the residence in which 
he makes his home on the corner of Fifth and 
Marchand Streets and the brick block on the corner 
of Washington and Sophia Streets. 60x30 feet in 

The marriage of our subject to Miss Ida Brooks, 
took place at Bay City in L872. The bride was 
the daughter of William and the granddaughter of 
Joseph Brooks, who was born in New York and 
followed farming pursuits. The father, who was 
born near Hamilton, Canada, was a farmer anil lum- 
berman, and came in 1865 to Kay City, where he 
worked as a lumberman for Smith & Mohr. Later 



lie was engaged as a jobber here but now resides in 
Canada. Mis wife, whose maiden name was 
Amerilla Merritt, was born in Canada and was the 
daughter of John Merritt, a soldier in the Wat of 
LSI 2. She died in Banks in L886, leaving three 
children. Mrs. Tromblev, the eldest in the family, 
was born near Hamilton, Canada, in 1858, and was 
educated at Bay City. 

Mr. and Mrs. Tromblev have four children, as 
follows: Josephine M., Charles L., Gladys M. and 
Jay F. In his polities Mr. Tromblev is a firm Re- 
publican and has served on juries and as a dele- 
gate to county conventions. Socially he belongs 
to the order of the Maccabees. He is particularly 
fond of hunting and has shot more than fifty deer. 
During the fall of each year he usually goes to 
Northern Michigan and there finds an excellent 
opportunity for displaying his skill as a hunts- 


;}; most thrifty and intelligent citizens of this 
section of Michigan were born and reared 
on the other .side of the Atlantic, and to England 
and Germany especially is Bay County indebted 
for some of her most enterprising and prosperous 
citizens. To this class belongs our subject, who 
was born in Prussia. Germany. and is a son of Mar- 
tin, who was a farmer there, and who died at the 
age of eighty-five years. The mother died aged 
sixty years, and both were valued members of the 
Lutheran Church. 

Our subject is 1he only one living of the nine 
children born to his parents. He was reared in his 
native land, on the farm, and received but a com- 
mon-school education. When sixteen years old he 
began working out by the year for $12 a month 
and clothed himself. He gradually received more 
wages, and when twenty-one years old enlisted in 
the German army, serving for three years. In 
the year I860 he entered the employ of the rail- 
road and three years later left Bremen on the sailer 
"Victoria," and after a seven weeks' voyage, landed 
in New York, whence he came direct to Detroit. 

On December 26, 1863, Mr. Taschner enlisted 
in the Nineteenth Michigan Infantry, and the fol- 
lowing February was sent South and was with 
Sherman in the battles of Kenesaw Mountain, 
Pumpkinvine Creek, in all the battles of the 
< Georgia Campaign, Peachtree Creek, Jonesboro and 
Atlanta, lie fell back to Nashville under Thomas. 
after Gen. Hood. After the close of the war he 
still remained in the service of the Government, 
and went to Augusta, Ga., remaining six or eight 
months, then to Little Rock, Ft. Smith. Ft. Gibson, 
Cherokee Nation, Fayetteville (Ark.). Iluntsville, 
then back to Fayetteville, protecting the border. 
He remained there until his time was out, and was 
honorably discharged December 26, 1868, and be- 
ing a well-drilled soldier, he was said to be the 
best man in the Nineteenth Regiment, and it was 
only because he could not speak or read English 
that he remained a private all through the five 
years, lie contracted the rheumatism in the service, 
and now suffers severely from it, but in spite of all 
this he is yet a congenial and whole-souled man, 
well-read in his native tongue, and held in the 
highest respect by his comrades and many friends. 

Upon his return from the army, Mr. Taschner 
came to Bay City and worked in the mills for F. 
F. Bradley, tiring and piling lumber for eighteen 
years, lie was then employed in the E. B. Foss 
Lumber Yard, sorting lumber, in which occupation 
he is now engaged, although able to do but light 
work. He has been a resident here since January 
1, 1869, and now has a comfortable and attractive 
home at No. 216 North Jackson Street. The resi- 
dence adjoining the one in which he lives is also 
owned by him. 

Mr. Taschner ami Miss Caroline Black were 
united in marriage in the year 1870. The lady 
is also a native of Prussia, Germany, and is a 
daughter of Karl Black. She came to this country 
in 1869 with her parents; the father died in 1888, 
and the mother is now residing with our subject at 
the age of seventy-eight years. Twelve children 
were born to our subject and his wife, seven of 
whom are yet surviving: August, John. Fred, Au- 
gusta, Herman, William and Bertha. This patriotic 
gentleman is a member of F. S. Grant Post. G. A. 
R., of which he is a leading and valued member. 



He and his wife are consistent members of the 
Emanuel Lutheran Church, and the views advanced 
by the Republican party have a stanch supporter 
in Mr. Taschner. 



RANK 1). PEIRSON, Superintendent of the 
f) mills and salt works of H. W. Sage & Co., 

of West Bay City, is a man of push and 
great business ability. lie is one of that class of 
men which has added greatly, not only to the finan- 
cial strength of the city, but also to her reputation 
among the cities of Michigan. Mr. Peirson is a 
man of genuine and wide-spread popularity, and 
was born in New York City. September 6, is is. 

The gentleman of whom we write is the son of 
Franklin D. Peirson, a native of Massachusetts. 
His father, the grandfather of our subject, was born 
in Connecticut, in which State he followed farm- 
ing. He later removed to Massachusetts, and from 
there to Columbia County, N. Y., making the re- 
moval about the year 1810. He was in the War of 
1812, and died in 1856, thoroughly respected for 
his upright life. The Peirson family are of Eng- 
lish descent, the great -grand father of our subject 
having been born in England. 

Franklin D. Peirson was a physician and surgeon 
in his native State, but later took up agricultural 
pursuits at Tarrytown on the Hudson, where he 
had a farm. He then removed to Newburg, where 
he is living a retired life at the present time, hav 
ing reached the venerable age of eighty-two years. 
He is a true-blue Republican in politics, and in 
religious matters clings to the tenets of the Baptist 
Church. The mother of our subject bore the 
maiden name of Cynthia Landon, a native of 
Stephentown, Columbia County, N. Y. She passed 
from this life in 1X52. when twenty-eighl years of 

Our subject was the youngest of a family of 
three children born to his parents, and is the only 
one living at the present time. He passed his boy- 
hood days at Tanytown. where he attended the 
common schools, and later attended Paulding In- 
stitute for two years at Irvington, N. Y., which 

closed his educational advantages. He then went 
to Columbia County, where he remained for about 
three years. For the two succeeding years he had 
some experience in clerking and book-keeping at 
Tarrytown, and then went back to Newburg and 
engaged in farming with his father. 

In the spring of 1869, Mr. Peirson came West to 
Michigan, and located in Saginaw Valley, at We- 
iiona. then a small place. He soon entered the 
employ of Sat>e & Co., as book-keeper, remaining 
in that capacity in their store until 1H75, when he 
entered the mill office, also as book-keeper, and so 
well did he fill that position that he was made the 
head book-keeper of their establishment, remain- 
ing as such until 188(1. when he became Superin- 
tendent of their mills and salt works, which are the 
largest in the Saginaw Valley. The salt works turn 
out ninety thousand barrels of salt per season, and 
has seven wells, being located on a site of twenty 
acres, one-half mile south of the city, on Midland 

Mr. Peirson is also interested to some extent in 
real estate, and in all his occupations he has been 
more than ordinarily successful. lie has been 
greatly interested in the upbuilding of the business 
interests of Bay City, and his power cannot be 
lightly estimated. He was one of the organizers 
of the Home Electric Company, and was its Secre- 
tary and one of its Directors from its inception 
until it was consolidated with the Hay County 
Electric Company. He is also a stockholder and 
Director in the Logger's Loom Company of West 
Bay City, and has been its Secretary for several 
years. They do an immense business, handling 
logs from the AuGres River. 

In 188.5 our subject laid out F. 1). Peirson's 
first addition to West Bay City, which consisted of 
forty acres. His home is located on the corner of 
Ohio and Litchlield Streets, where he entertains his 
friends in a most hospitable manner, and which 
bears every evidence of the cultured tastes of its 
inmates. Mr. Peirson was married August 16, 
1875, at Kingston, Ulster County, X. Y., the lady 
of his choice being Miss Julia C. Budington, and 
to them have been born two children, bearing the 
names respectively of Mary and Helen. 

In polities Mr. Peirson is a Republican, and has 



served his fellow-citizens in various responsible 
positions, having been Alderman of the Third 
Ward four terms and President of the Council. He 
was also on the Board of Water Works for one 
term. Socially lie is a Knight of the Maccabees, 
and a member of the Royal Arcanum, and in re- 
ligious matters is an attendant of the Baptist 
Church, having served that congregation as Trustee 
and Treasurer. .Air. Peirson is a man of unusual 
intelligence and enterprise, and liberal and broad 
in his thought and life. His wife is a prominent 
member of social circles in West Bay City, and 
they are most esteemed and honored for their up- 
right lives. 


■" c=-Jtr=> v*=i-»™ 

NDREW I. THOMSON. This well-known 
and prominent young attorney of West 
Bay City, has his office in Fisher's Block, 
acentral location, and is establishinga very 
successful practice here and at the same time is 
attaining an excellent professional standing among 
his brethren of the legal fraternity. The family 
to which he belongs is well known in this part of 
the State as he is the son of Andrew Thomson, who 
is represented elsewhere in this record and whose 
success. us a business man and contractor has made 
him prominent throughout thisregion. His grand- 
parents were born in Scotland, where they were 
memburs of prominent and wealthy families and 
this young man inherits the sturdy traits of the 
Scottish nationality. 

Andrew 1. Thomson was born in Goderich, Onta- 
rio, Canada, July 8, 1865, bul as his parents re- 
moved to the States in his early childhood and 
made their home in Bay City, he here received his 
education and training. He attended the ward 
schools of Bay ( 'ity and after completing the course 
of study prescribed in them entered the High 
School and took a thorough course there, graduat- 
ing when he was only fifteen years old. From his 
earliest childhood he had felt a desire to become a 
lawyer, and during his vacations and after com- 
pleting his High Scl I course he pursued studies 

in that direction. He was thus occupied until 1883 

when he entered Olivet College, where he spent 
two years. lie was there a member of the Adelphia 
Society and devoted himself thoroughly to his 
literary studies until he Completed his Sophomore 
year, after which he returned to Bay City. 

The young man now took up the study of law 
and for two years was in the office of Simonson & 
Gillett and after that for two or three years with 
Pratt A' Gilbert, and during all this time he made 
steady progress in his legal studies and at the same 
time trained an insight into the practical business 
of a lawyer. In July, 1890, he was admitted to the 
Michigan Bar by Judge Cobb. 

Upon being ready to begin his professional career 
the young lawyer was invited to east in his lot 
with his preceptors, Pratt & Gilbert, and under 
their auspices began his practice in Bay City. In 
the summer of 1891 he thought best to become 
more independent and located in Fisher's Block 
where he is building up an excellent practice. 
His political convictions bring him into line with 
the Republican partj and lor it- success he is 
earnest and active, lie is a member of the Pres- 
byterian Church and an active worker in its ranks 
and belongs to the Knights of Pythias. 

On December 30, L891, our subject was married 
to Miss Edith M. Pheen, a young lady well known 
in this city, and they at once moved into a neat 
home which had been erected and fitted for their 
reception. Our subject also entered into a busi- 
ness partnership on January 15, 1*!»2. with J. Hil- 
ton Hoffman, a young lawyer whose ability and 
learning bid fair to place him in the lead of his 

(l(^_, pleased to notice briefly the career of this 
\-S captain of police of the Second Precinct. 
West Side, who is one of tin tried and proven de- 
fenders of the life and property of the citizens of 
Saginaw. He is one of the bravest officers of the 
very efficient police force, and has the high respect 
of all who know him. He was born in the Queen's 
dominions, near Ottawa. Canada. July 21. 1859, 




and his parents, Thomas and Eliza (O'Neill) Bask- 
ins, are both natives of the Emerald Isle. They 
had sought the Western World when in youth, and 
united their fortunes in Canada. Both have been 

for years respected citizens of Saginaw. 

Our subject is the eldest of seven children, and 
remained with his parents until he reached the age 
of eighteen, when he came to Saginaw and found 
employment as so many others have here in the 
lumbering trade. He worked in the lumber camps 
in the winter, doing the hardest of the hard labor 
required in that department of the lumber busi- 
ness. In summer he worked on the river running 
logs, and in other similar capacities, and through 
fourteen years he gradually rose in the esteem of 
his employers, becoming more highly valued for 
his excellent work. His towering form and robust 
and commanding appearance, often excited remark 
and he was frequently asked why he did not get a 
position on the police force, and he was finally ap- 
pointed to such a position in October, 1882. 

for four years this patrolman served the city, 
and became a popular and conspicuous member of 
the force. On more than one occasion was he 
placed in trying positions where his nerve and de- 
cision made for him a reputation of honor. A 
notable example was dming the labor troubles of 
1885, popularly known as the great strike. At 
every call for assistance he was ready and he took 
no inconsiderable part in preserving the peace and 
preventing bloodshed. His services were recog- 
nized by his superiors, and in L886 he was ap- 
pointed Chief of the Saginaw City Police Depart- 
ment, the duties of which position he performed 
acceptably until the consolidation of the cities. 
The department numbered eleven men. all noted 
for their valor and bravery, and thoroughly drilled 
and disciplined under the personal attention and 
instruction of .Air. Raskin. 

After the union of the two Saginaws, our subject 
was made Captain of the Second Precinct, which 
COn&istS of the Wot Side, and al the same time he 
received an increase of salary while he kept author- 
ity almost equal to what lie formerly possessed. 
Under his supervision the depaitment has attained 
a high degree of proficiency, and tin- peace of the 
city has been faithfully kept. Saginaw is noted 

for its law-abiding people, its orderly streets, and 
its freedom from much that tends to lower society. 
Mi-. Raskins was married October ~ll. 1888, to 
Miss Ella Hunt, a daughter of Thomas Hunt, de- 
ceased, and she had received her education in the 
city schools. Capt. BaskinS is a man who has many 
friends, and in his political connection he is quite 
independent. He is connected witli the Masonic 
order, and is a member of the Royal Arch Masons 
in the Joppa Chapter, where he has been foremost 
in lodge work. He is also identified with the 
Knights of the Maccabees. He was at one time a 
member of Company D, Third Regiment of State 
.Militia, and after six years service, was honorably 
discharged with the rank of Sergeant. 

^ J ■"^ ' ' <&, — <^w^ — 7§T' l= -^-— ^ 

r w7 EE E. JOSLYN. Our subject is one of the 
most prominent young attorneys of Bay 

A City. He is also Circuit Court Commis- 
sioner and has attracted considerable attention 
from the fact that he has line oratorical powers, and 
being a well-balanced reasoner his arguments are 
usually convincing. He has already taken quitea 
prominent place as a political speaker and without 
doubt has a bright future before him. 

Mr. .loslyn was born in Darien, Genesee County. 
N. Y.. .Inly 23, 1864. lie is a son of Willis B. and 
Amy R. (Foster) .loslyn. both natives of the Em- 
pire State. The family lived in Genesee County 
until 1871, when they removed to Alton, Pa., and 
in 1873 came to Michigan, locating in Dryden, 
Lapeer County, where Mr.Joslyn was engaged in 
contracting until 1888,when he located in West Bay 
City, and now resides there, being still engaged in 
contracting and building. Our subject's paternal 
grandsire, Benjamin Joslyn, who for years was in 
the hotel business in New York, served in the War 
of 1812. He died at the age of eighty-five years 
in West Bay City where he had been an early set- 
tler. Both our subject's parents still survive and 
arc active workers in the I'ni versalist Church. 

The fifth child in order of birth in a family of 
seven, Lee E. .loslyn was lint nine years of age on 
coming to Michigan. He remained at home until 



he was graduated from the Dryden High School in 
1881 and then entered the law office of Judge 
Stickney, with whom he studied during the sum- 
mers for three years, spending the winters in teach- 
ing school, his work being principally in Lapeer 
and Oakland Counties, ami during this time lie was 
Principal of the Otisville High School. Then for 
two summers lie studied under ex-member of Con- 
gress George II. Durand, of Flint, and in the fall 
of 1885 came to West Bay City as Principal of the 
First Ward school, and in June, 1886, he was ad- 
mitted to the Michigan bar at Hay City under Judge 
Gage, of Saginaw. .Inly 13, 1886, he opened a law 
office in West Bay City, where he continued until 
May, 188S, when he opened an office across the 
river with Judge McMath, remaining with him 
until April. 1891, when he came tohispresenl place. 
He has a pleasant office in the Munzer Block and a 
good law practice. He deals quite extensively in 
real estate and also in collections with Mr. Dodge. 

In the fall of 188* Mr. Joslyn was nominated 
and elected Circuit Court Commissioner on the 
Democratic ticket, with the flattering majority of 
thirteen hundred and twenty votes. He took pos- 
session of his office January I, 1889, and on thor- 
oughly canvassing the county was re-elected in 
1890 with a majority of aboul twenty-four hun- 
dred votes, the highest on the ticket. In August, 
1886, he was elected on the Bay County Board of 
School Examiners and in 1887 became Secretary of 
the board, which position he resigned September 
26, 1887. 

Socially, our subject belongs to the Knights of 
Pythias, and is Past Chancellor, lie has been a 
member of the Grand Lodge of Michigan two terms. 
is also a member of Wenona Lodge, Xo. 256, 
F. &A. M., and belongs to the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen and to the Independent Order of 
Foresters, of West Bay City. In church work Mr. 
Joslyn has identified himself with the Universal- 
ists. He was one of the organizers of the Young 
People's Christian Union of the Univcrsalist Church 
and is now its President, and in 1889 was a dele- 
gate to the Lynn (Mass.) Convention of the Young- 
People's Christian Union, and at that time was 
elected President of. the National organization. 
It was he who drafted the constitution of the or- 

ganization, which since its beginning has increased 
from twenty-six to over one hundred and sixty 
societies, with a membership of ten thousand, and 
is represented in twenty-one States. 

— .$- 

OHN O. EDELMANN. Our subject, who 
resides at No. 716 Genesee Street, Saginaw, 
was born in Bavaria, Germany, March 28. 
1829. In .Inly. 1817, in company with his 
parents. John G. and Christiana ( Faul) Edelmann, 
he located in Blumtield Township, Saginaw 
County, where his father died the following year. 
At this time there were only nineteen families set- 
tled in Blumtield Township, and the people hail to 
be sufficient unto themselves, our subject 'smother 
continued to live in that place until her death, in 
1881. at the age of eighty-two years. 

Immediately after his mother's death, our sub- 
ject came to East Saginaw and took a contract 
for clearing a tract of twenty acres of land lying 
between Warren and Second Streets, reaching 
north to Genesee Avenue. Its owners were Alfred 
lloyt and Norman Little. He was the first German 
tp locate in East Saginaw. After a few years spent 
on the farm he removed to Bay City, in 1864, 
where he was engaged in the grocery trade, and 
was proprietor of the meat market until 1867. when 
he came to Saginaw. Mr. Edelmann here purchased 
an hotel located on Genesee Avenue and after run- 
ning it a couple of years he bought the corner at 
Oenesee and Park Streets. This he has since im- 
proved and in 1886 erected a handsome brick 

Mr. John Edelmann continued to run his hotel 
until he lost his wife and since that time has been 
engaged in the real estate and insurance business, 
handling farm property largely. He probably 
handles more of this property than any other man 
in the county. Atom' time lie was Superinten- 
dent of the AuSable Lumber and Shingle Com 
pany. lie was also a railroad contractor and has. 
been interested in nearly all the roads coming into 
the city. He has also been a large city contractor, 




grading streets, having charge of sewer work, etc., 
his contracting extending over the Inst fifteen 

Our subject was married in Blumfield Township, 
Saginaw County, to Magdelene Keller, a widow 
whose name was Unsoelett; she died February 20, 
1881. Of a family of seven children born from this 
union four are now living. They are Margaret 
M.. J. George, Carl M., Frederick William, who isa 
physician of high standing. George is a hardware 
man. while Carl is a traveling salesman for a hard- 
ware company. 

At the outset of his career as an American citi 
zen our subject cast his vote with the Democratic 
party, but of late years the Republican party has 
stood highest in his favor. He has held a number 
of offices, both in the municipality and in the 
county. As a railroad man Mr. Edelmann began 
as foreman in the construction of the Flint .V Pere 
Marquette Railroad, building the Salina branch of 
four miles. The next year he took a contract ami 
although he had had no previous experience in tin- 
work his quickness and foresight helped him to 
make a success of it. There is a much-prized heir- 
Loom in the Edelmann family that is of enough in- 
terest to mention in connection with their history. 
It is a spinning wheel two hundred years <>ld. hav- 
ing been handed down from mother to daughter 
through the successive generations. 


~-"7 II. BLISS, founder and President of the 

—fa International Business Colleges at Saginaw 

and Bay City, Mich, and Ft. Wayne, End., 

is well known throughout the State asan educator 

and occupies a prominent place amongthe citizens 

of Saginaw, while his institution ranks among the 

most useful and flourishing enterprises of that city. 

Although but a tew year- old. being established in 

1885, the college has an enviable record, and an 

annual attendance of between four hundred and 

five hundred students testifies to its reputation as 

a business educator, [ts quarters are in a fine block 

in the business part of the city and are handsomely 


fitted up with every needful appliance to can - } on 
the several departments. It is under able manage- 

Here a young man or woman can be trained to 
commercial life by practical work in any branch, 
stenography, telegraphy, correspondence, banking, 
wholesale, retail or commission trade, each of these 
being represented in the course of study and trans- 
actions being carried on as they are in everyday 
experience. This method is facilitated by the es- 
tablishment of two branch institutions, the one at 
Bay City being opened in 1889, under the manage- 
ment of Prof. .1. M. Ressler; that at Ft. Wayne with 
Prof. W. .1. Elliott as manager, was opened in 1890 
with an attendance of fifty students the first 

Each of these colleges occupies a handsome block 
of buildings and is thoroughly equipped. Over 
twenty superior teachers are employed, each a spe- 
cialist in his particular branch, while President F. II. 
Bliss has direct supervision of all three institutions 
and personally superintends the reviews, examina- 
tions, etc. Board and tuition are furnished at re- 
markably low rates and altogether these colleges 
offer unparalleled advantages for a thorough busi- 
ness training. 

A biographical sketch and portrait of the man 
who has accomplished so much in such a short time 
will be interesting in this connection. Mr. Bliss was 
born in Erie County. Pa., March 3, 1861, and was 
the second son of A. E. and Louisa ( Harrington) 
Bliss. Both were natives of New York and of En- 
glish descent. They removed in an early day to 
Pennsylvania, where the father carried on a gen- 
eral stock farm; about 1866 they removed to Ashta- 
bula County, Ohio, where they still reside, the 
father engaging in business as a stock-dealer. 

F. II. Bliss received his early education in the 
common and High School of Conneaut, Ohio, and 
when quite young began teaching in the coun- 
try and afterward in the village of Conneaut. He 
subsequently took a commercial course and was 
graduated from Clark's Business College at Titus- 
ville, Pa., in which institution he became a teacher. 
Later he went to Erie. Pa., filling the position fit' 
head teacher in the business college at that place 
for three years. In IMS.") he came to Saginaw, 



opening Lis present institution to which he devotes 
his entire time and energies, and which, as has al- 
ready been stated, has proved a very successful 

Mr. Bliss was married in l.ssi to Miss Stella 
Bugby, of Kingsville, Ohio, daughter of Henry 
Bugby. Their pleasant home is enlivened by the 
presence of one little daughter, named Madge. 
Politically Mr. Bliss i~ a Republican. 


fl IMLLIAM MERRILL. The .Merrill family 
\/\//l nave f° r three-quarters of a century been 
Vy\ff prominently connected with the manufac- 
turing interests of the Peninsular State. Roswell 
T. Merrill, the grandfather of William Merrill, 
made the first separators for threshing grain ever 
built in Michigan at his shop in the villageof Bir- 
mingham, Oakland County, a village he himself 
platted and founded not a meat while after 1826. 
He had come from New York, locating at lirst at 
l'onliac, but soon after removing to Birmingham, 
where be erected a machine shop and foundry and 
where be did an extensive business in his own 
line, lie afterward became identified with the 
machine business at Battle Creek, but subsequently 
returned to Birmingham and at this writing isstill 
a hale and hearty resident of that place, and at the 
age of eighty-eight is enjoying his latter years a* 
greatly as he enjoyed the days of his youth. 

George W. Merrill, the son of the gentleman of 
whom we have spoken above, now a resident of 
Ba\ County near Essexville and the father of our 
subject, was the founder of the extensive business 
conducted by the linn of Mitts & Merrill, and suc- 
ceeded his father in his business at Birmingham in 
about is Is. In ls.">l he removed his plain to 
Saginaw, bringing his family and outfit overland by 
teams. At that time the nearest machine shop was 
located at Flint and fearing the results of a similar 
business established on the Saginaw, the proprie- 
tors refused to make a little machinery for Mi. 
Merrill, and after taking his plans there in vain he 
was compelled to bring them home and make his 
machinery by the slow process of hand work. 

George Merrill was identified with nearly all 
the important developments of the early days of 
Saginaw. lie made the machinery used in boring 
and lilting the lirst salt well, and was one of the 
company organized to first bore for brine, lie and 
Stephen R. Kirby were sent to Syracuse, X. V.. to 
investigate the salt business. They were to report 
upon the necessary means of development. They 
were there told that the "Saginaw people were 
all right, and all they needed to make salt was a 
quantity of Syracuse brine." When the lirst well 

had reached a depth of several hundred feet the 
drills became fastened, and after days of trouble 
and effort the company became discouraged and 

most of the stockholders ad\ ised its abandonment, 
but Mr. Merrill insisted that the drills could be 
recovered, and studying the matter thoroughly 
succeeded in regaining the tools. The work pro- 
gressed and resulted, as all the world knows, in 
revolutionizing the .'•alt trade in general. 

George Merrill's enterprise grew as the mills in- 
creased and the sail wells developed, and in 1876, 
he was Succeeded by the present linn although he 
has been identified with the business up to a quite 
recent date, removing tobis extensive farm after a 
residence of Lhirty-seven years in Saginaw. Will- 
iam Merrill is the only son and eldest child in a 
family of four children born to his parents. His 
advent into the world was made at Birmingham, 
this State, January 13, 1851. He graduated from 
tin- State University with the Class of '71 and at 
once became connected with his father in business. 
He became a thoroughly practical machinist and 
the excellent work for which the linn is noted is 
under the constant supervision of the trained eye 
and active brain of our subject. He has elaborated 
anumberof practical ideas and many patents have 
been granted him. Nearly all the specialties man- 
ufactured by the firms are the result of his fertile 

William Merrill was married in 1873, to Miss 
Eudora B. Woodruff, of Ann Arbor. They arc the 
parents of live children, whose names arc. Hubert 
W.. Elizabeth G., Alice E., George 1'. and Edith .1. 
The extensive plant .which the business occupies has 
a frontage of three hundred and twenty-live feet 
on South Tilden street, with two hundred and fifty 



feel depth to the river, the rear having excellent 
dockage and containing slips where boats are 
hoisted by hydraulic pressure for the purpose of re- 
pairs. The front space i- all occupied by the build- 
ing, covering a door space <>f upwards of twenty- 
four thousand square feet. 

The company have in their employ about fortj 
skilled workmen, many of whom have been with 
the firm for a quarter of a century. The products 
of the plant are mainly sawmill and marine ma- 
chinery, also agricultural implements and the trade 
covers a territory from .Maine to Florida and wot 
fo Oregon. Special attention is given to the pro- 
duction of Mitts' & Merrill's sawmill specialties, 
such as lath mill and lath bolter, the Eureka Scarfer, 
or lapping machine for hand saws and the remark- 
able and famous edging or slab grinder, justly cel- 
ebrated an the most economical appurtenance to a 
well-equipped saw-mill. This remarkable machine 
consists of a ponderous wheel, weighing several 
hundred pounds and revolving rapidly in a sub- 
stantial iron frame, and armed with several keen 
knives on its ground surface. All kinds of waste 
lumber, slabs, lath. etc.. are fed to it and are liter- 
ally "chewed up.'" the knives cutting all the ends 
and the chips passing into a carrier that feeds the 
boilers, or loads into carts for filling, or to bins 
where they become available for fuel. In the use 
of this well-named "hog," all such refuse material 
is disposed of at once and much labor is saved in 
hauling and piling it for future use. The "hog" 
is in use in a large number of the greatest lumber- 
ing plants from Maine to Oregon and the demand 
for these machines is constantly on the increase and 
surpasses tin- capacity of the establishment. 



/*|Sn APT. HENRY BENNETT is a master sailor, 
(if residing at Bay City, and was born on Wolf 

V^y Island, in the St. Lawrence River (one of 
the Thousand Islands) September Hi. 1844. ilis 
father was Philo D. Bennett, horn in the same 
place as his -on in 1821. The grandfather 
claims the Mohawk Valley as the place of his birth 
which occurred in 1793. He journeyed to Wolflsl- 

land when a lad of thirteen years, and followed the 
occupations of a farmer and a sailor. He fought in 
the War of 1812. He was of an old Eastern fam- 
ily and died at the ripe old age of ninety-eight 

Philo D. Bennetl was a sailor from early boy- 
hood, and became a master when fifteen years old. 
He came to Bay City in 1866, and has owned a 
number of different vessels. I Ic died here in 1S72. 
His wife. Catherine Kcklin. was a native of Canada, 
where she was born June 1 I. 1819, and wasa daugh- 
ter of Thomas Kcklin. a native of England, who 
was a soldier in England, anil fought at the battle 
of Waterloo, under Wellington, where he lost a 
limb. His wife lived to be ninety years old. The 
mother of our subject was twice married, and by 
her tirst union had two children. Her marriage to 
the father of our subject resulted in the birth of 
seven children, five still surviving. Our subject 
was the eidest of the family, and was reared to 
farm pursuits receiving his education in the com- 
mon schools. 

In 1863 Mr. Bennett began sailing as man afore- 
mast on the schooner "Messenger" and the next 
year became mate on the schooner "Elizabeth," 
which sailed on Lake Ontario, lie then was on large 
vessels on the Upper Lakes, but in 1866, came to 
Bay City and engaged in sailing with Capt. Estes. 
In the fall of 1869, (apt. Bennetl began wheeling 
on the steam barge "YosemitC," and was promoted 
tosecond mate and sailed I wo season.-, then became 
mate on the steam barge "Eclipse" and for several 
seasons was'-on different vessels. In he be- 
came master of the "Benton" for E. J. Vance & 
( o., and was on this boat for seven years without 
any accidents, lie carried lumber from here to 
Buffalo and Cleveland. C. I-',. Eastman & Co., then 
engaged Capt. Bennett a- Master of the"Wilhelm" 
and he sailed her for three seasons. He is now en- 
gaged on the "Folsoin," owned by William Mitch- 
ell & Co. 

This gentleman resides at No. 212 Adam- Street. 
In ls<72 he was married to Mis- Eliza Beard, daugh- 
ter of George Beard, a native of England, where 
he was born in 1821. He was a carpenter and 
builder by trade, and married in his native coun- 
try- In 1*11 he came to t hi- country and settled 



in Toronto, Canada. In 1868, lie came to Ray City 
and engaged at his hade under the firm name of 
Beard <fe Sons. He married Mary Rainier, who 
passed away in 1882. This couple were the worthy 
parents of eight children, seven of whom they 
reared to years of maturity. The wife of our sub- 
ject was born in Toronto and reared and educated 
there, and came to Michigan with her parents. 
She has become the motherof four children — Will- 
iam P., Alva J., Xeil P. and Ressie E. (apt. Ben- 
nett is a charter member of ihe Excelsior Marine 
Benevolent Association No. 5, and has been Vice- 
President since its organization. He also belongs 
to the Free and Accepted Masons, the Royal Arch 
Masons, the Royal Arcanum, and the Ancient Or- 
der of United Workmen. He anil his wife are con- 
sistent members of the Methodisl Episcopal Church, 
and the Captain is a strong adherenl of the Repub- 
lican platform. 



f~~ *==•$.=* 

r^ SCAR DUNCAN CHAPLN, deceased. This 
former citizen of Saginaw was horn" at 
Brunswick, Medina ( lounty, < )hio, September 
26, 1826, and his parents were Seymour ami Acsah 
(Unlet) Chapin. The mother wasa daughter of [saac 
Unlet, who took up an extensive tract of land on 
the Western Reserve and was one of the earliest 
settlers there. The Chapins Mist settled at Spring- 
field, Mass.. in the early days and in 1861 at a 
re-union of the family at thai place fifteen hundred 
Chapins were present, all descended from Samuel 
Chapin of early days. J.G.Holland was one of 
the family. 

Our subject was the youngest in a family of six. 
At the age often years he was left an orphan by 
the death of his mother and lie lived with an older 
brother, Harlow, who died September 27,1891. 
Our subject was engaged in steam boat service on 
the Ohio River, being Captain of various boats, 
running from Pittsburg to Cincinnati. In dune 
of L864 his boat was sold to the Government and 
he came to Saginaw. He then I ought an interest 
ill a sawmill at the east end of the Mackinaw 

Bridge which was burned October!), 1871 the same 
night as the Chicago the. It had a capacity of 
seven million feet of lumber and hail a capital in- 
vested of *7.-,,imo. 

The linn at that time was Chapin. Barber A- Co., 
and they operated two salt blocks in connection 
with the mill. This was mostly a loss on accountof 
the insurance companies losing so heavily at that 
lime by the Chicago lire. Soon after they bought 
the S. Webster Mill at Bay City with a still greater 
capacity. He did an extensive lumber business. 

The death of Mr. Chapin took place. October 
21. 1879 and was the result of heart failure, which 
had been troubling him for some years. He had 
not been able to supervise the work personally for 
a year and a hall' but he was constantly consulted 
by his partner. He was an upright business man, 
but not connected with any religious organization. 
lie was married August 11. 1849, at Marietta. Ohio, 
to Eliza, daughter of Col. David Barber, who was 
bom May 19, 1799 and died November 1. 1886 at 

Tin wife of Col. Barber was Lydia, daughter of 
Timothy Stanley. Mrs. Chapin was born at Chester, 
Meigs County. Ohio. July 12. 1828, and her father 
was a prominent resident of that place, being 
County Treasurer and Postmaster. He was after- 
ward a well-known merchant at Marietta and was 
notable in business and political circles. His first 
vote »:i- cast in 1820 and he never missed an elec- 
tion from that time until his death, being at times 
carried to the polls because he was unable to walk 
there. Originally he wasa Whig and later a stanch 

In the family of Mr. and Mrs. Chapin the eldest 
child was Charles Barber, who graduated at Louis- 
ville Medical College, and practiced medicine in 
Saginawuntil his death. January 30, 1888, at the 
age of thirty-seven; he wasa successful practitioner. 
He left a widow and one son, Seymour, both of 
whom are living at Cleveland. The second child is 
Florence, Mrs. George Greenwood, of Duluth. Fol- 
lowing her is David S. of Portland, Ore., and Kate 
W., wife of George T. Gamble, with whom Mrs. 
( hapin makes her home. 

Mr. (hapin was a man of solid attainments and 
was well versed in commercial law. He was an 





ardent supporter of the Republican party and took 
an active interest in .-ill matters thai pertained to 
the advancement of the business interests ol the 
city, being one of the promoters and organizersof 
the Sail Association. His every business venture 
was a successful one .• 1 1 1 < I yel lie at times suffered 
heavy losses. 




IDWARD A. GYDE, the senior partner In 
the firm of Gyde & Wylie, is engaged in 
<r; the manufacture of <•< >il^<I elm hoop- al 
the foot of Youmans Street, in Saginaw. The 
business was established in ibis city in 1886 and 
ha> an annual output of eighteen million hoops, 
carrying on an ever increasing business and 
employing some eighty men. Not only is it 
one of the largest hoop factories in the United 
Slates, but sales are made, all over the world. 

Mr. Gyde was born near Fremont, Ohio, Febru- 
ary 29, 1848, and is the son of .lames Gyde, an 
Englishman. When seven and one-half years old 
he came to Saginaw County and witb his father 
settled in [ngersoll Township, Midland County. 
There James Gyde became one of the first pioneers, 
and took pari in organizing the township, acting 
as Township Clerk for fifteen years. 1 1 is death 
occurred in I.s7."> in Ohio. About the year L868 
the young man began business for himself, by 
opening a grocery store at Carrollton, Mich., with 
a capital of $1,500, the savings of some five years' 
work in the lumber woods, which by an injudicious 
system of credit he lost in one season. He then 
returned to Ohio, where he worked as a fireman in 
a stave mill and soon became engineer, then man- 
ager. At the end of six years he found himself 
owner of the entire plant worth $10,000 and con- 
tinued to operate that establishment until 1882, 
when timber became scarce. He suffered a loss by 
fire of $12,000 in L880, but rebuilt, and later, sell- 
ing the property, returned to Saginaw. 

After reaching Saginaw Air. Gyde decided to 
enter into business in Michigan and limit a mill 
at Frecland. which after operating for a year he 
sold. He then built a mill at Mershons Station. 

this city and there remained from 1883 to 1886, 
when he built his present establishment. His mar- 
riage, which took place at Sandusky. ( )hio, < Ictober 
20, 1^7;;, brought to his home a bride in the per- 
son of Miss Carrie Barney, and to them have been 
granted two daughters, Kitty and Caddie. 

The political views of .Mr. Gyde are ill sympa- 
thy with the Republican party, hut he is liberal 
in his thoughl and can understand how other- can 
differ from him in opinion. He is a member of 
the Masonic order. While at Freehand a circular 
saw bursl and one of the piecesstruck his left hand 
which was lying on a block and cut off the hand 
just below the thumb as clean and square as though 
it had been done by the surgeon's knife, lie re- 
sides at lit; North Washington Avenue, where he 
has a fine home. His partner, .lames T. Wylie. was 
united with him in business in April, 1891, and 
they are conducting their affairs with even greater 
vigor and prosperity since the formation of the 

The lithographic portrait of Mr. Gyde accompa- 
nies Ihis sketch of his life. 

T~^ FNJAMIX II. MARTIN, who is engaged m 
Lx tbe undertaker's business in Bay City, has 
(dTA I probably been longer in that line of business 
^~— ■* than any Other man here, as it has been his 
life work, lie is a -on of Oliver Martin, of New 
York City, who was the first man to manufacture 
and keep on hand coffins in that great metropolis. 
He came West and settled in Ann Arbor in 1845, 
when our subject was only five years old, and there 
he continued in business until his death, when his 
son, ( (liver, Jr., took charge of the establishment, 
and still continues in its management. He died 
in ltfH-2. leaving a widow, who was in her maiden- 
hood Miss Phoebe Hawkins, of Ithaca. X. V. To 
them had been born three sons and two daughters. 
From the time our subject was old enough to lie 
out with his father, he was with him constantly in 
the factory and furniture warerooms, and driving 
the hearse and almost without knowing it the 



boy had acquired all the details of the business. 
The father experienced a disastrous lire entailing 
a loss of some $42,000, and aboul thai time the son 
came to Bay City and in 1875 established an un- 
dertaker's room on Center Street, which he lias 
now removed to No. 717 Saginaw Street, where he 
is carrying on the largesl business of this kind of 
any man in the city, lie is also interested in real 

Mr. Martin was married July 18, 1861, to Miss 
Henrietta Phillips, of Ann Arbor, and they have 
one son, William I... who is in businessat Cheboy- 
gan and Ashland, Mich., is one of the best known 
and most prominent lumbermen in either place and 
indeed throughout that valley. This son married 
MissPhcebe Reavor, of this city, and they have one 
child, Oliver I J. Martin. Our subject is a member 
of the Royal Arcanum, the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, the Knights of the Maccabees, and 
the National Union, but has never dabbled in poli- 
tics. He was brought up a Baptist, but is now an 
attendantand supporter of the Universalis! Church. 

SHOMAS A. BAIRD. M. D. There is pos- 
sibly no more popular, and at the same 
time thoroughly well-read physician in Bay 
City, than the one whose name we have now writ- 
ten. He has a high standing in his profession, 
and his worth is thoroughly recognized through- 
out this part of the State lie was born in Wood- 
stock, Ontario. Canada. His lather. Thomas Baird, 
who was born in Glasgow, Scotland, came to Can- 
ada with his parents when he was only fifteen 
years old. His father, the grandfathei of our 
subject, had been a wholesale grocer in Scotland, 
and it was in 1841 that he located in Woodstock 
in the same line of business, and remained there 
until his death. 

The father of our subjeel was a commission 
merchant and shipped to ports in England and 
Scotland. For many years he carried on a suc- 
cessful business in provisions and grain, and is 
now living a retired life. His religious training 
was received among the Reformers, and he was for 

many years a member of the Presbyterian Church. 
His wife, Margaret, was the daughter of \\ il 1 i:i in 
Miller, who was born in Scotland, and after coming 
to Canada engaged in farming near Goderich. He 

is a prominent man in local politics and an Rider 
in the Presbyterian Church. 

our subject is one of ten children, all of whom 
are still in this life, and seven of them are in Can- 
ada and three in Michigan. The Doctor was born 
July 25, 1862, and after studying in the Woodstock 
school until he was fourteen he entered St. Cather- 
ine's Collegiate Institute. After finishing that 
course he matriculated at Toronto University, and 
in 1881 entered the Medical Department of the 
McGill University, at Montreal, where he con- 
tinued his studies for four years, graduating in 
1885. After thai he took a Post Graduate course 
iu the Polyclinic, in New York City, and in Feb- 
ruary. 1886, located in Bay City, and engaged in 
practice, lie has done much excellent surgical 
work here, and lias been successful in every line of 


Dr. Baird was married in Bay City, in 1887, to 
Miss Jennie Rivet, a native of Ottawa, Canada, 
and their children are Fred and Margaret Helena. 
This gentleman was a prime mover m starting the 
Northwestern Hospital here, of which he was Sec- 
retary for some two years, and in which lie lias 
been associated with Drs. Tupper, McClurg and 
McTavish. He is a member cf the Saginaw Val- 
ley Medical Club, and among the social orders he 
belongs to the Royal Arch Masons, the Knights of 
the Maccabees, flic Order of Foresters, and in 

politics is a true blue Republican. 


[ I.I.I AM E. TAPERT. This foreign-born 
American who has been many years in this 
pari of the country, and was formerly in 
the meat business in Pay City, is now interested in 
real-estate and has a fine farm of forty-one acres 
in Portsmouth Township. He was born in Saxony, 
near Gotha, Julv 2\. 1843, and his father, Henry 
E. was there a meat dealer and hotel keeper, and 
also owned a fine little farm and a brewery. 



In 1850 the father sold bis business and started 
with his family of wifeand eleven children for the 
New World. Tin' vessel in which they sailed was 
wrecked off thecoastof Newfoundland, and tln\ 
would all have been drowned bad it not been for 
the bravery of a Newfoundland dog whicli swam 
nut to them, bringing a line by which they were 
able to be hauled to land. In that way three hun- 
dred and fifty passengers uric rescued in three 
and a half day-. Thej remained for ten days 
with little to eat and suffering greatly with cold. 
as an iceljerg was near them, and then the Govern- 
ment -cut two \ essels t<. bring them to Quebec. On 
this last part of the trip they were again wrecked 
as their vessel hail .1 collision, imt escaped withoul 
serious injury. Upon reaching Detroit, Mr. Tapert 
engaged in the meat business, and thus continued 
until Ins death in 1883. This sad evenl wascaused 
by a fall on the pavement, which resulted in lock- 
jaw. His wife, whose maiden name was Adelhide 
Frank, died in 1885, leaving seven children. 

Our subject was seven years old when he came 
from Germany, and attended public schools in De- 
troit for :i I h >ut two years, but a- they had lost all 
their possessions it was necessary for him to go to 
work at an early age. At the age of ten In- learned 
cigar-making, and followed if fo; two years, and 
then for three year- was apprenticed to a silver- 
smith, and did journeyman work for a year. After 
this he was employed in his father's market, re- 
maining with him until he was twenty years nld. 

In 1863 our subject entered Government em- 
ploy as a butcher at Nashville, and was there for 
six months, after which he followed tin- •; - em- 
ployment in Chicago before returning to Detroit. 

where he engaged in the meat business of the city 

hall market until 1868, \\hni became to Hay City. 
and entered into partnership with Fred Simon & 
In. Two years later In- began an independent 
business and took as a partner Mr. Bertch with 
whom he continued fur tun year.-, after which he 
carried on his business alone until 1891, when he 
sold out his establishment and retired from trade. 
The marriage of William E. Tapert and Miss 
Catherine Sehoellei took place .March 13, 1866. 
This lady was born in Germany ami came to this 
country with her mother who still resides wit'h 

her. They have two children, William G. who is 
head book-keeper of Swift's Beef Co., and George 
I'.. whii i- with the hardware linn of t.idnev lino. 
The finely improved farm of forty-one acres was 
entirely unbroken and unimproved when ii came 
into the possession of our subject, and lie now has 
line buildings upon it, and is carrying it on him- 
self, lie- i- an active member of the German- 
Lutheran Church, and when their house of worship 
was erected in 1890 he was Chairman of the Build- 
ing Committee. He is a true-blue Republican; and 
cast his first Republican ballot for Abraham Lincoln 
and has been a consistent adherent of the party 
from that day to this. 

/lilEXD I). RUNDELL, a respected resident 
j) df Brady Township. Saginaw County, who 
i- a tanner and Stock-raiser upon sixty 
acre- of land on section 13, wa- liorn in Erie 
County, N. Y., June 7. 1834. His father, James 
Rundell, was a native of the old Bay State and the 
mother was a New Yorker and bore the maiden 
name of Abigail Knapp. They came to Leslie. 
Eaton County, this State, in 1840 and a year later 
removed \<< Vevay Township, Ingham County. 
which remained their home until the death of the 
mother .March 1. 1851, alter which the father, who 
was a blacksmith, disposed of his farm and removed 
to Felt- (orner-. [ngham County. 

The son had no opportunity for education until 
he was ten \ ear- old and during the next six year- 
had but scanty advantages. At the age of sixteen 
he began to assist hi- father in the shop, working 
there in the winters and upon the farm and in the 
brick-yard during the summer, and at the age of 
twenty again entering school and studying for two 

Miss Mary P. Turner of Lima Township. Wash- 
tenaw County, became the wife of our subject 
Augusl 23, 1856. she was born in Onondaga 
County, X. Y.. April 30, 1837 and i- a daughter of 
Eli and l'ermclia Turner, both of whom died while 
she was young. After carrying on the blacksmith 



trade for two years in Ingham County, Blr. Rundell 
removed first to Henrietta, Jackson County, then 
to Parma and afterward to Bunker Hill. He en- 
listed in November, 1863 in Company I, Sixth Mich- 
igan Heavy Artillery and became a part of the 
army of the Gulf, Western Division, lie saw an 
exciting service at Port Hudson and took part at 
Dolphin Island, Mobile Bay. in the capture of 
Fts. Gaines and Morgan. Mr. Rundell was on 
board the steamer "Clara Bell" when she was set 
on fire by guerrillas and burned to the waters' edge, 
two men were killed and thirteen wounded, and 
three hundred mules and seventy horses were 
burned. Owing to sickness Air. Rundellspent some 
time in a hospital at New Orleans and at other 
places and received his discharge September .">, 

While in the St. Louis Hospital at New Orleans 
this brave young soldier was carried out as dead, 
and lay in the dead house all night and only escaped 
interment the next day through the careful 
scrutiny of Dr. Motrem, the regimental surgeon, 
who discovered faint signs of life. While at Dol- 
phin Island he was knocked off from a gang plank 
by a wave and came near being crushed between 
two vessels. When he entered the army he weighed 
two hundred and fifteen pounds and brought back 
only eighty-two and one-half pounds when he re- 
turned. His family had been living in Lansing 
during his absence but after his return he bought 
forty acres in Elba Township, Gratiot County, and 
removing his family to Elsie, Clinton County, 
began working in a blacksmith shop. 

After an eight years residence in Elsie Mr. Run- 
dell removed in 1873 to Oakley where he followed 
blacksmithing and after awhile bought forty acres 
of land which he cleared and sold, and having pur- 
chased another eighty built a house upon it which 
he parted with before buying his present home in 

Three children of Mr. and Mrs. Rundell have 
passed on to the other life and those who arc Mill 
here are Arthur D., who was horn Decembers. 186] 
in Parma. Jackson County, and now lues in 
Brady Township; Wesley J., bom October 7. 1866 
in Elsie, and Sarah J. July 111. 1869 in Elba Town- 
ship, Gratiot County, Mich. 

To each one of these children has been granted 
an excellent common-school education and the 
parents have broughl them up in the faith and 
doctrine of the Free Will Baptist Church, of which 
they are members and where Mr. Rundell is a 
Deacon. In his political views he is quite inde- 
pendent of party leaders and follows his own judg- 
ment in the selection of candidates for his ballot. 

HARLES J. BOUSFIELD. This young gen- 
tleman, who is Secretary and Treasurer of 

V ' the successful and enterprising firm of 

Bousfield & Co.. is a popular and thoroughly re- 
spected citizen of Lay City. ( For full details of 
the factory and business of this firm we refer our 
readers to the biography of Alfred E. Bousfield 
upon another page of this record.) 

Our subject was born in Cleveland, Ohio, Janu- 
ary 9, 1862, and is a son of John and Sarah 
( Featherstone) Bousfield, whose biography is given 
in the sketch of their son Alfred. Charles was 
reared in Cleveland and educated in the public 
and high schools of that city until he reached the 
age of seventeen, when he entered his father's of- 
lice as bookkeeper for the Ohio Wooden Ware 
Manufactory Company, and remained there until 
1884, at which time he came to Lay City with 
his brother Alfred, and located here, forming with 
him the firm of Bousfield & Co. Since his first 
coming here he has been Secretary of the business, 
and later became its Secretary and Treasurer. 

This young man has a brilliant future before 
him as he has naturally fine qualifications for a 
business career, and is possessed of more than or- 
dinary enterprise and energy. His heredity and 
training have given him a thorough command of 
business methods, and his social qualities attract 
the good will and interest of all who know him. 

Charles J. Bousfield is Master of the Lodge of 
Free and Accepted Masons in Bay City, and a 
member of the Council and of the Royal Arch Ma- 
sous. He is Captain-General of the Bay City 
Commandery of Knights Templar, and has reached 
the thirty-second degree of Masonry, besides being 


: '*' •'#■ 





a member of the Mystic Shrine of Detroit. The 
Masons of Bay City are now constructing a Tem- 
ple at the corner <>t' Madison Avenue and Sixth 
Street. This gentleman is a charter member and 
Trustee of the Building Association and Chairman 
of the Building Committee. This beautiful build- 
ing is being put up at an expense of $75,000. Mr. 
Bousfield was a delegate to the Grand Lodge at 
Saginaw, and also to the Grand Chapel at Grand 
Rapids. He is a stanch Republican in his political 
views, and is a member of the Knights of the Mac- 

\fL ENRY G. OBENAUER. Indisputably the 
largest hardwood lumber commission busi- 
ness in the State of Michigan is under the 

g»)) management of Mr. Obenauer. who has op- 
erated as a pine and hard wood lumber mei chant 
since he was fifteen years old. Be is very promi- 
nently connected with the lumbering interests of 
this State, and particularly with Bay City, where 
he has his office in the Payne Block. He began 
business for himself in this city in 1880, operating 
on Lakes Michigan, Huron and Superior as well as 
the Saginaw River, and buying and selling lumber 
on commission. At the above-mentioned date he 
took into partnership John E. Byrns, formerly of 
Buffalo, and later W. S. Clements entered the firm 
which has gradually winked up to their present 
high standing as business men. During the past 
season (1891) they handled thirty-five million feet 
of lumber and expect to double their business be- 
fore the next season. 

It is with pleasure, therefore, that we present the 
portrait and record the important events in the life 
of Mr. Obenauer, who ably represents the exten- 
sive business interests of Bay County. He was 
born in Evansville, Ind., May 1, 1859, and is a 
son of Henry <;. and Emma (Lippert) Obenauer, 
both natives of Germany. The father, who is a 
man of rare intellectual attainments, emigrated to 
this country in 1*51 from the Fatherland, where 
he had received a splendid education, and was en- 
gaged as a teacher of languages, lie was about 

twenty-two years old when he came to America, 
and made his first home in Cincinnati, Ohio, where 
he taught various languages, and where be was 
married to Miss Emma Lippert, a resident of that 

The parents of our subject came to Michigan in 
1862, and engaged as teachers in the schools of 
Eas1 Saginaw, later coming to Bay City, where Mrs. 
Obenauer followed her profession until t880. Her 
pen has been in constant requisition as awriterfor 
the press in different parts of the country, and her 
articles have appeared in several Eastern magazines. 
She has been especially active in the crusade against 
the social evils in Northern Michigan, and is a 
woman of progressive thought and advanced ideas. 
In the work of the Woman's Christian Temperance 
Union she has for years taken a prominent part, 
besides being Secretary of the State Alliance, and 
Superintendent of the Manistee Industrial School. 
She finds a religious home in the Congregational 

The family of which our subject was a member, 
comprised nine children, seven of whom lived to 
mature years, namely: Henry G., of this sketch; 
Philip, of Detroit; William, who makes his home 
in Albany, Ore.; Victor,the principal of the .Marsh- 
all (Mich.) city schools; Emma, wife of James Ta- 
them, also of Albany, Ore.; Olga, principal of the 
Ladies' Seminary, of Seattle. Wash.; and Mamie, 
who remains at home with' her parents. In his 

childl d our subjeel came to Saginaw, where he 

received a good practical education in the High 
school. After completing his schooling, lie entered 
the employ of McGraw & Co., of Bay City, at that 
time the largest lumber firm in the West. The ex- 
perience which he thus received was Of inestimable 
value to him and enabled him after a clerkship of 
three years, to start in business for himself. The 
lumber business lias been his life work, and has 
brought to him, through his shrewd financiering 
and excellent judgment, a marked degree of pros- 
perity, lie now ships lumber to different markets 
throughout the United States, but more particu- 
larly to the East. 

In his social relations Mr. Obenauer is identified 
with the Royal Arcanum. His private interests 
bave so occupied his attention that he has found 



little time to devote to public affairs, and takes lit- 
tle interest in politics further than to cast his 1 >;i 1- 
lot for the candidates of the Republican party. He 
was married July 2. lssj. to Miss Josephine, the 
daughter of Robert and Margaret (Allen) McKim. 
Mrs. Obenauer was born in Perth, Ontario, and is 
descended from Scotch ancestors, she came to Bay 
( it\ in her girlhood, and received her education 
in the High School of this place, after which she 
engaged as a teacher, and at the time of her mar- 
riage was principal of the Farragut Street school. 
Two children blessed the union of Mr. and Mrs. 
Obenauer, one of whom died in infancy, while the 
other, Guy Menzies, is still beneath the parental 
roof. Mrs. Obenauer and his estimable wifeare at- 
tendants of the Congregational Church, and con- 
tribute liberally to all benevolent enterprises. 



>v KTKK WERNTZ. A g the German 

American citizens of Chesaning Township, 
Saginaw County, is the one whose name 
we have just given, whose finely cultiva- 
ted farm i> situated on section 1. He was born in 
Bavaria, December 1. 1841, and is theson ofPhilip 
and Magdelena (Fiekies) Werntz, who came to the 
United Mates when theson was onh five years old. 
For the next fifteen years they lived in New York, 
where the father became possessed of some fifty 
acres of land near Buffalo, where the stock yards are 
now located. 

A common-school education was all that was 
granted our subject, but as he was a boy of bright 
and capable mind, he profited well by the instruc- 
tion received. and speakswith fluency both theGer- 
man and English languages. The father came to 
Michigan in 1861, bringing with him his wife and 
two sisters — Mary, who married Philip Yalkmer. 
and Amelia, who married Edwin Were. The lat- 
ter died after coming here, leaving two chil- 

When thi' family came herein 1861 they traveled 
by rail to the nearest station, which was then Co- 
rnnna. The following spring the father purchased 
fort \ acres of land and proceeded to improve it. 

and as he was without means he was obliged to 
work very hard and get along with as little expense 
as possible. His son. our subject, determined to 
help his father in every way possible, md freely 
devoted his time and strength to making a success 
of this pioneer work. Together they cleared and 
cultivated the soil and in L866 bought another 
forty acres of land and in 1881 added an equal 
extent, and ten years later added another forty to 
the farm, so that they now have a quarter section 
of land. They put up new barns in 1*77 and a 
year later added a new house to their possessions. 
Our subject was married in 1868 to .Miss Anna 
Swallow, but their life together was not long, as 
they were not congenial to each other and sepa- 

The marriage of our subject with Miss Ella 
Muffin, of Chesaning, took place November 23. 
1886. She was born in laic County, X. Y.. May 
27, 1857; and is the daughter of John and Julia 
(Strong) Muffitt, both New Yorkers and still liv- 
ing in Chesaning Township. By this union our 
subject has two children — John Philip, born April 
111. 1888, and Leona May. horn January 2. 1890. 
The political opinions of Mr. Werntz bring him 
into alliance with the Republican party, and with 
it he casts his vote. His religious training asso- 
ciates him with the Lutheran Church, with which 
his parents have been connected. 

f ( >N. BYR< >N A. SN( >W. Among the learned 
J and skillful attorneys of Chesaning is the 
gentleman whose name appears above and 
Sgg who was born in Hanover Township, Jackson 
County, this Mate. August 21. 1850, and is a son 
of Joseph A. and Jane E. (Porter) Snow. The 
father was a native of Vermont and the mother of 
Massachusetts. They came to Michigan in 1839, 
and located land in Jack-on County, where the 
head of the family became a prominent and well- 
known agriculturist. When in the army he lost 
his health through sickness and exposure. He 
died in Saginaw County in 1886. 

The original of our .-ketch is the third in a fam- 



ily of six children, all of whom are living. He 
was reared on a farm and knew little outside of 
farm life until he entered the Normal School in 
[owa City, Iowa, t<> which State his father had 
moved when his son was about eleven years old. 

lie entered the school at the age Of fifteen and 
was a pupil tutor, carrying on his own course and 
teaching others in order to get funds to continue 
his studies. In the fall of ixii'.t he graduated and 
taught for six or seven years. At Shell Rock, 
Iowa, lie taught for four years and the remainder of 
thte time at Hanover. While engaged as a teacher 
he had taken up a course of reading in legal lore 
and was about to be admitted to the bar. 

Our subject's hopes in a legal direction were 
delayed by the failure of his health. His physi- 
cian recommended him to take outdoor exercise, 
and according to this advice he went to Kansas 
where In' purchased a farm and gave to it his. at- 
tention, lie regained his health and was ad- 
mitted to practice at the bench and bar after an 
examination before the Supreme Court October 12, 
1882. lie began the practice of his profession in 
Hanover two years before being admitted, and 
after his admission he moved toChesaning, coming 
here in 1382. 

Our subject was married April <i. 1873, to Miss 
Anna Stevens, of Hanover. She was a daughter 
of Gillett and Elizabeth Stevens. Lawyer Snow 
is a Democrat in his political faith and has been 
elected to many responsible offices by his party. 
lie has been Supervisor of the township. President 
of the Board of Education and has served one 
term in the legislature, to which he was elected in 
lKKti. ( )n a renomination he positively refused to 
serve, as it interfered with his legal business. 
Until recently Mr. Snow has been Village Attorney, 
but now declines to serve in that capacity for 
lack of time to give it proper attention. 

The domestic circle includes three children — 
Arthur B., Albert Elwood and Alice Luella. The 
eldest was born in Hanover. November 15, L874. 
During the legislative session of 1890-91, he 
distinguished himself as a most gentlemanly little 
page. Albert was horn July Hi. 1878, and Alice 
was born in Chesaning, March 21. L884. While a 
member of the Legislature Mr. Snow was on a commit- 

tee of private corporal ions, also of t he I ni versity of 
Michigan and also on several minor committees. 
He was the author of the bill for assessing mortgages 

and deducting the same from the value of the 

real estate, and although il failed to q;o through 

the Senate, passed the House, and he has since had 
the pleasure of seeing it b< ic a law. 


epI'LBERT W. PLATTE, who was born in 

Soest, Prussia, in L860, is a Professor of 
instrumental and vocal music anil compo- 
sition at Saginaw. His education was ob- 
tained in his native country. After leaving the 
common Schools he entered the Teachers' State 
Normal School at his birthplace, which afforded 
great advantages in music. Here he remained for 
three years, devoting his entire time to literal \ 
and pedagogical studies, but especially to music, 
enjoying the intruetions of Concert-master Loeser 
on the violin, and of Prof. Knabe. a pupil of 
Loeschhorn and Haupt in Berlin, in piano and 
organ playing. In 1879 he was graduated with 
high honors, and received the "grand diploma" for 
organ playing, the highest which that institution 
could bestow. He subsequently became teacher and 
professor of music in the State Asylum for the 
Blind, which situation he resigned in 1**2 to come 

to the United States. 

After staying for some time with relatives m 
Toledo. Ohio, our subject was invited to take charge 
of the Rev. Mr. Kreling's class at Saginaw, while 
that instructor was absent in Europe, whither he 
had been called on the death of his father. After 
Mr. Kreling's return Mr. Platte decided to remain, 
thinking Saginaw a splendid field for his profession. 

He was engaged as Musical Director ofthetiei- 
mania Society; became organist in one of the lead- 
ing ohurches, and built up large classes in instru- 
mental and vocal music, besides devoting himself 
largely to composition. 

In I.H.H7 the Professor returned to Europe to 
further perfect himself in his chosen profession. 
and remained there for two years. After traveling 



quite extensively through Germany. Austria, Italy 
and Switzerland he resolved to settle in Munich 
where he was admitted into the highest class of the 
Royal Conservatory and had the good fortune to 
study organ and higher composition with the fam- 
ous conductor and composer Joseph Rheinberger. 
He continued his piano studies under the guid- 
ance of the distinguished piano virtuoso, Prof. 
1 1. Schwartz, and orchestra and ensemble music with 
Prof. L. Abel, chief Concert-master at the Court 
Opera. In Munich Mr. Platte completed the com- 
position of a contata for chorus, orchestra and 
organ, which work was successfully performed at 
one of the conservatory concerts. Returning to 
Saginaw he organized classes in vocal and instru- 
mental music and ha- gained a broad reputation as 
a competent and thorough teacher as well as a su- 
perior performer upon the piano and organ. 

Our subject has erected a handsome building es- 
pecially fitted for his profession and for the l» tier 
accommodation of his students at No. 537 Millard 
Street. and he iswell patronized by the best people 
of Saginaw, the majority of his pupils coming from 
the most prosperous people of Saginaw and neigh- 
boring towns. In his compositions he gives him- 
self mostly to the production of church music and 
songs. He is now the organist and choir-master of 
St. Paul's Kpi.-eopal Church, and has brought the 
music of that congregation to a high standard. 

c= 1 


1 AMES 1). WILSON. This well-known farmer 
and stock-raiser of Birch Run Township, 
makes his home on section 3.5, upon which 
he settled in the spring of 1ST 1. when he 
first came to Saginaw County. It was then alia 
dense forest and he has done a vast amount of pio- 
neer work, having helped to clear four farms. He 
and his good wife have been eye witnesses of the 
growth and development of this county from that 
day to the present and they recall many an inter- 
esting incident of pioneer life. 

Our subject is a native of Onondago County, 
N. Y.. and was born December 2n, 1817. His par- 
ents were James and Roha ( i'alier) Wilson, and his 

father was a native of New York, with Irish ances- 
try and became a soldier in the War of 1812. His 
grandfather Wilson was, according to the family 
records a soldier in the War of the Revolution. 

James Wilson was early bereaved as In- lost his 
mother when he was ten years old and his father 
died two years later, ami he was then thrown upon 
his own resources. As a consequence he received 
hut a limited school education, but has added to it 
by independent study since he has gained years of 
maturity. For a number of years he boated on 
the Erie Canal and in the spring of 1837 made the 
trip by Lake Erie to Detroit, and then journeyed 
on foot to Oakland County. After a short time 
he, with a companion, tooted it through to Saginaw 
( i mnty. 

For a number of years our subject followed farm- 
ing in partner-hip with his brother, and i id a vast 
amount of clearing. He was married May I. 1842, 
to Ann E., daughter of Milton and Persis (Lout- 
well) Leach. She was horn in Madison County. 
N. Y., November 20, 1822. Her father is said to 
have been a soldier in the War of 1*12. Through 

most of her girlh 1 -he made her home with an 

aunt and with her removed at the age of eighl to 
Onondago County, N. Y.. and in 1837 they came 
to Michigan and settled in Oakland County. Mr. 
and Mrs. Wilson have been blessed by the birth of 
four children, and three of them are still living. 
They are: Caroline, wife of Hiram Coulee: Lewis 
F. and Clara, who is now Mrs. Alvern Struble. The 
family resided in Oakland County, until the spring 
of 1871. when they came to their present home. 

While a resident of Springfield Township. Oak- 
land County, Mr. Wilson served a- Treasurer of 
the Township, and also as Constable and Deputy 
sheriff. He has also served <m the School Board 
of his district and i- an enterprising and public- 
spirited man. one who is ever ready to turn his 
attention and thought to the problems which arise 
in regard to the management of local matters. He 
i- earnestly desirous that the best resources of the 
town-hip and county shall lie developed and ready 
to lend a helping hand in that direction. He has 
a fine tract of eighty acres the result of the accu- 
mulations of himself and worthy helpmate. He 
feel- that he owe- much to the good judgment, 



prudence and active co-operation of his wife, who 
has stood by him in all the hardships and priva- 
tions of their earlier years. 

This gentleman is a member of the Methodisl 
Episcopal Church and is useful in the councils and 
activities of that body. His political views have 
always kept him in line with the Republican party. 
He casl his first ballot for William Henry Harrison 
for President of the United States. All the neigh- 
bors rejoice in the prosperity and happiness of this 
worth v citizen. 

LTGUST C. FITING. During the many 
years that Mr. filing has resided in Sagi- 
' naw County, he has maintained a reputa- 
\) tion for integrity and energy, which has 

placed him among the most prominent farmers of 
Richland Township, lie owns and operates a fine 
farm of two hundred acres, advantageously located 
on section 15, and of the entire place seventy-live 

acres are under u" 1 cultivation. The estate is 

embellished witb first-class improvements, includ- 
ing a commodious residence, two ample bains and 
other substantial out-buildings for the shelter of 
stock and storage of grain. 

Mr. Kiting is a native of Prussia, and was horn 
October 31, 1844. His father, Frederick, was like- 
wise a native of Prussia, born May 12, 1819 and 
was a wagon-maker by trade. His mother was 
Regina (Zebel) Fiting, who was born in Prussia, 
i (ctober 6, 1812. After their marriage the parents 
remained in their native land until 1856, when 
they came lo America, lauding in New York. Au- 
gust 20. 'I hence they proceeded as far as Buffalo, 
where their money gave out. and they were com- 
pelled tostay until they had earned enough to pro- 
ceed further. Two months after reaching the city, 
they started for Michigan reaching Saginaw County 
when this region was in a blaze during Hie great 
fire of 1856. 

In those early day- settlers were few and at re- 
mote distances from one another, and the fertile 
soil had few improvements and was mostly uncul- 

tivated. The family settled on a farm in Thomas- 
town Township, where the father with the aid of his 
sons built a log house for the abode of the family. 
They remained on that place three years, making 
improvements on the farm, and in the meantime 
the boys contributed to the support of the family 
by running a ferry across the Tittabawassee River. 
Next they removed to Richland Township and set- 
tled on eighty acres where the father still lives. 
Few improvements had been placed upon the farm, 
and its only building was a rude log house. This 
was replaced by a frame house of modern construc- 
tion and larger size, which still stands on the old 

There were but seven other families in Richland 
Townshipwhen Mr. Fiting removed hither in 1859, 
and of these but two families now remain, the 
others having removed hence. No roads had been 
opened and the farm was covered with a thick 
forest growth. In those days Mr. Filing was ac- 
customed to go to Saginaw with oxen and sleds, 
there being no wagons or horses in the county, and 
the trip there and return (fourteen miles) consumed 
three days. .Many were the hardships which this 
pioneer family experienced, and the father, who 
now rests from his active labors, is passing his de- 
clining years in comfort on his farm. His wife died 
December 1. 1889. She was survivedby her three 
children: Wilhelmina, the wife of Fritz Simon 
and the mother of two children; our subject, and 
Charles II.. who resides on section 15, is married 
and the father of seven children. Both parents 
were members of the Evangelical Church, and he 
donated the ground for the present church in 
Richland Township. In his polities he has always 
been a stanch Republican and has held various 
township offices. He was elected Treasurer of Rich- 
land Town-hip in 1HG2, and held that office eight 
years; he was the first Highway Commissioner of 
the township, and has served as a member of the 
School Board twenty years. 

The second child in the parental family was our 
subject, who received his schooling in the old 
country and came to America when twelve years of 
age. [n Saginaw County he learned the trade of 
brick-making and was thus employed several years. 
He also worked on the river and in lumber camps 



until lie was married. This important event in his 
life occurred .luly 31, 1871, and the bride was 
Christina Kastorf, a native of Mecklenburg, Ger- 
many and tlif daughter of Carl Kastorf. She was 
born, October 23, 1849, received a good education 
in the German language, and accompanied her fa- 
ther to Michigan in lK(>!t, settling in Saginaw 
County. After his marriage our subject remained 
in his father's house until his own residence was 
completed, it being built just across the road from 
the old homestead, lie then settled in that place 
and has since make it his home, devoting his atten- 
tion to general farming, lie has the hest of modern 
farm machinery to assist him in his work, and has 
always been a progressiveman. His father brought 
the ti rst reaper and mower ever seen in this town- 
ship. When it was shipped in here the small-pox 
was raging in the neigh boi'hood, and Mr. Fiting 
requested the Inspector to send the reaper into the 

neighborh i, assuring him that they would not 

expose the people outside, but the request was re- 
fused. Upon going for it they were arrested and 
tried tor exposing outside people, hut were after- 
ward honorably discharged. 

Eight children were horn to Mr. and .Mrs. Fiting 
four of whom now survive: Louisa, Frederick, 
l.ydia and Christina, all of whom are receiving 
good educations both in the German and English 
languages. At present ( L891) the sou is a student 
at tin' Intel-national Business College of Saginaw. 
The members of the family are identified with the 
Evangelical Lutheran Church, in which Mr. Fiting 
has served as Trustee. Secretary and Treasurer, and 
from the organization of the church has been one 
of its pillars. It is now in good condition, with a 
large membership, although when it was organized 
in 1880 the membership was only seventeen. In 
political matters, Mr. Fiting is a Republican, and 
has served as Treasurerof Richland Township, also 
Justice of the Peace for ten years. He has been 
School Director for many years and is now Moder- 
ator of the School Board. His first vote was cast for 
Abraham Lincoln at his second election to the 
Presidency, and before In- wasa voter he was elec- 
ted Constable. 

After the death of his wife, which occurred. Ma\ 
4, 1889, Mr. Fiting was again married, March .'So. 

L891, to Mrs. Justina (Bohn) Hellpap. This esti- 
mable lady was born in Pommern, Germany, in 
1850 and came to America when twenty-three 
years of age. She was the widow of August Hell- 
pap. and the mother of four children, only one of 
whom survives, a daughter. Louisa. 

j|7 EBAUI 

P has I... 

EBAUN B. BEAUDETTE. This gentleman 
been a resident of West Lay City since 
and t'oi' the last two years has con- 
ducted a grocery and produce business. He was 
born in Laver. Canada, May 24, 1824. His father. 
Francisco Beaudette,who was a blacksmith by trade, 
and his mother, Julian Fisher, were both natives of 
Canada. Their family comprised four children, of 
whom our subject was the second born. 

Mr. Beaudette, the father, was reared in Canada, 
where he learned the blacksmith's trade and there 
carried it on for a number of years In I860 our 
subject came to the United States, locating in Lay 
City, where he found employment in the mills 
there working for. lames Shearer anil afterward for 
Taylor '& Moulthrop. In 1889, finding his health 
failing, he concluded to change his occupation and 
opened up a grocery store which he has since been 
successfully conducting. He was married in Can- 
ada to .Miss Ella D. Lore, who was also a native of 
that country. They are attendants at St. Mary 's 
Church and in politics Mr. Beaudette is a Demo- 
crat. He is highly respected by his neighbors and 

ACOB ARMSTRONG, residing at Oakley, 

Saginaw County, was born in Montgomery 
County. N. V.. .luly 2:1. 1812, and is a son 
'f) of Andrew and Elizabeth (Winters) Arm- 
strong, both natives of the Empire State. The 
father's people are of Irish ancestry anil the 
mother's a mingling of German and English stock. 
When our subject was quite a little boy his parents 
removed to the vicinity of Troy, X. Y., and after- 



ward made their home in Genesee County, thai 
State, when he wasabout eight years old. 

The father who had previously been a day la- 
borer then boughl a small farm in Genesee County, 
and there made a home upon which he lived until 
hi.- death. He was a soldier in tin' War of L812, 
and had a land warrant a.- a reward for his service. 
This warrant came into the hands of our subject 
and he sold it for $40 at Jackson. Jacob Armstrong 

grew to manl d in Genesee County. N. V.. and 

when old enough worked by the month to help 
tin- family along and thus was able to receive only 
a limited education. 

The family in which our subjeel grew to mat- 
urity consisted of eight children and six of them 
are still living. The oldest brother. Henry, went 
aboard a man-of-war and was never heard from 
again, and the second brother, Michael, who is now 
eighty-three years of age, make- his home in ( lakley. 
The sister Eliza died leaving quite a family of 
children. John lives in Leslie. Ingham County. 
William in .lack-on County, and Julia who is (he 
wiclow of Herman Baker who died in the army, 
makes her home at Eaton Rapids while Sheldon 
lives in Lansing, SO that all who are still ill this life 
are residents of Michigan. The marriage of our 
subject, November 23, 1836, in Genesee County, 
X. Y., united him with Miss Lucy Lumliard by 
whom he has three living children. One son. John 

Dwight, died at Nashville, Tenn., while a soldier 
in the Union army: Henry I., is a farmer in North 
Dakota: George farms upon eighty acres in Brady 
Township: and Mulford is a liveryman at Elsie. 

Previous to his marriage Mr. Armstrong had 
visited Michigan and located land in Leslie Town- 
ship, Ingham County, and his family was the third 
to locate in that, township. He was present at the 
first township meeting aud was then elected Con- 
stable and Collector in the spring of 1837. The 
same year he took Hie census for Ingham County, 
under an act of Legislature and also served as 
Highway Commissioner, School Inspector. Town- 
ship Clerk, and Justice of the Peace. While resid- 
ing there he was deeply bereaved by the death of 
his wife who passed from earth. December 13, 

The present Mr-. Armstrong became the wife of 

our subject .March 2'.). 1875, and previous to thai 
evenl was Mis. Eliza (Mudge) Walker, a daughter 
of the Rev. John G. and Ann (Flynn) Mudge. 
This lady was horn in Dearborn, Wayne County, 
Mich., April .'!. 1833. Her first marriage was with 
Daniel Wilder Rood, by whom she had one child. 
Emma Louisa, who in June. 1890, was married to 
Luther Vale Howell, a merchant in Oakley. In 
1*71 our subject sold out hi- property in Ingham 
County, and removed to ( lakley the following year. 
He now ha- one hundred and thirteen acres of 
land, pari of it on section 30, and part on section 
36, besides owning village property and a- line a 

residence a- there i- in town. He has here served 
as Justice of the Peace, and also on the Board of 
Trustees and the School Hoard, and he and his 
good wife are members of the Congregational 

Church. They experienced great difficulties in 
their first migration to Michigan as the Hats of 
Grand River were at that time overflowed, but 
their brave perseverance brought them through. 

j torney-at-law, ha- for more than thirty' 
years been closely identified with the pro- 
©) gressof Bay City. Like most men who have 
attained distinction in the profession- his success 
i- the result of his unaided exertions. He is a na- 
tive of New York and wa- born in Pompey Hill. 
July 11. 1831. He comes of Scotch parentage, his 
parents, Robert and Margarel (( rosby) Maxwell, 
both being natives of the "Land of the Thistle." 
In 1819, on their wedding day, they emigrated to 
America, landing in New York City and proceeded 
thence to Pompey I Iill. N. Y. 

In 1844 the parents of our subject removed West 

to Michigan and settled in Oakland County; the 
father died in 1864 and the mother in 1867. They 
were the parent- of eight children, three -on- and 
five daughters, our subject being the fourth in order 
of birth. His brother Samuel is a Supreme Judge 
of Nebraska, and one of the law lecturers of the 
University of Michigan and the Northwestern 



University of Chicago. Until he was thirteen, An- 
drew C. Maxwell resided in New York, where he 
was a student in the common schools and an acad- 
emy. In 1*14 he accompanied his parents to Oak- 
land County, this State, and aided in clearing a 
farm in White Lake Township. 

After remaining West one year Mr. .Maxwell re- 
turned to the Empire Slate and made his home 
there for two years. Coming to Michigan thesec- 
ond time in 1847 he commenced to work on a farm 
and was thus engaged for over two years. In 
September, 1849, he entered Oberlin College, Ohio, 
where lie was a student until June, 1K.V2. in the 
meantime pursuing selected studies instead of tak- 
ing the regular college course. Upon his return 
to Oakland County lie entered the law ottice of 
Lieut. GOV. 0. I>. Richardson, with whom he read 
law for several months. During the winter of 
1852-53 he taughl a select school in Lapeer, mean- 
while keeping up his legal studies. 

In 1853 Mr. Maxwell was admitted to the Inl- 
and commenced the practice of his profession in 
Lapeer where he at once secured a large practice. 
In the fall of 18."i 1 he was elected Prosecuting At- 
torney of Lapeer County, which position he re- 
signed after holding it one year. He was elected 
to the House of Representatives in the fall of 1864 
and represented his fellow-citizens with distin- 
guished ability. In 1866-68 he was a candidate 
for State Senator and came within a few vote- of 
being elected, in spite of the fact that lie was the 
Democratic nominee in a district overwhelmingly 
Republican. He was a delegate to the National 
Convention at Si. Louis in 1876, when Samuel 
Tilden was nominated for the Presidency, and was 
a candidate for Connie-- on the Democratic ticket 
in 1882, but was defeated. He now devotes his 
attention to the practice of law and agricultural 
pursuits, owning two large farms. 

Mr. Maxwell was married in Lapeer, in Decem- 
ber, 1853, to Miss Sarah, daughter of Oliver B. and 
Amanda (Harrison) Hart, a pioneer family of the 
county. Mrs. Maxwell was a faithful member of 
the Presbyterian Church, and a loving wife and 
mother. She died December 27. 1891, leaving two 
children — Robert, who is in business in Bay City, 
and .lennette.who lives at home. In securing impor- 

tant improvements in Bay City Mr. Maxwell has 
been very prominent and by his unaided efforts 
secured a large appropriation from the ( loverninent 
to dredge out the mouth of the Saginaw River. 
He also secured the construction of the famous 
stone roads of Bay County and the Third Street 
bridge between Bay City and West Bay City. 

' OSEPH DOAN. Mr. Doan combines the 
work of a teacher with that of a store- 
keeper. He was born May 12. 1853, in the 
town of Yarmouth, County of Elgin, On- 
tario, and was a son of Joseph and Susan (Clark) 
Doan, both of whom were born near Niagara Falls, 
Canada. On the paternal side the family is of 
English ancestry and originally came from the 
North of England. The mother was of Dutch de- 
scent. They were farmers and reared their four 
boys and five girls in tin wholesome atmosphere of 
country life. They were Baptists in their religious 

Country life in the place of our subject's nativ- 
ity, is almost ideal during any season. To be sure 
there was the routine of farm labor to be gone 
through, but always time for the various sports for 
which that locality is noted. There was sleighing 
and skating during the winter. The early spring 
were engaged in the maple sugar camps. Fall was 
the harvesl season of the fruit of the vine, and 
among such a merry family as that of which our 
.subject was one there was always something brew- 
ing in the way of entertainment. Joseph Doan 
was educated in the public schools near London, 
Canada, and later entered the commercial college at 
London, Ontario, from which he graduated in 1*76. 
and at twenty years he began teaching in Ontario 
and has ever since been engaged in the work, with 
the exception of one year. 

In the fall of 187* the gentleman of whom we 
write crossed to the States and located in Washte- 
naw County. Michigan; one year later he came to 
Brant Township, where lie has since resided. For 
the past four years in connection with the -tore 
which he runs at Leutz. the post-office lias been 




stationed therein, he Laving served as Postmaster 
for the past six years. Socially Mr. Doan is n mem- 
ber of the Free and Accepted Masons. He was 
formerly a Baptist in his church relations and his 
wife is still a member of that denomination. 
Politically our subject favors the policy and tactics 
of the Democratic party. 

Our subject was married to Miss Belle, daughter 
of John and .lane (Fitzgerald) McNabb, whose 
parents came from Ireland. Mr. and Mrs. Doan 
are the parents of three children — Olive A., Cora 
M. and Edward L. Mr. Doan is the owner of fine 
hundred and twenty acres of land in (-rand 
Traverse County, this State. 

OAPT. BENJAMIN F. PIERCE, to whom be- 
longs the distinction of being the second 
oldest surviving settler of the Saginaw 
Valley, was born October 14, 1 M 14, in Adams, Jef- 
ferson, County X. Y. He is descended from wor- 
thy and patriotic ancestors who held position- of 
prominence in the East. Grandfather Milo Pierce, 
who was a native of Otsego County. X. Y., was a 
farmer and passed his entire life in his native 
county. Nathan Pierce, father of our subject, was 
likewise born in the Empire State and served dur- 
ing the War of 1812. II is trade was that of a car 
penter and cabinet maker, and he possessed consid- 
erable genius as a mechanic. 

Some time during the '40s Nathan Pierce came 
West to the Saginaw Valley, where he operated as 
a farmer until his death at the age of ninety-four 
years. In his religious belief he was a Universalist. 
The mother of our subject was known in maiden- 
hood as Polly Beals and was a native of Xew York, 
her father having been one of the founders of the 
village of Adams, in Jefferson County. She attained 
to the age of sixty-five years and reared to years of 
maturity twelve children, Benjamin F. being the 
eldest. Another member of the family is Daniel. 
whose sketch appears elsewhere in this volume. 

In the Village of Adams. X. Y., our subject 
passed his youth and received a very limited edu- 
cation in the log school houses of the district, his 

total attendance therein amounting to Only three 
months. At the age of thirteen, lie commenced to 
learn the the trade of a tanner and currier. He 
did not follow the trade, however, but at the expi- 
ration of his term of apprenticeship of three years 
he began selling threshing machines of one-horse 
power, continuing thus engaged for about two 
years. Then followed a sickness of about the same 
length of time, after recovering from which he came 
West by the advice of his physician. 

Our subject took passage on a sail vessel in the 
spring of 1839, at Sackett's Harbor, and after an 
uneventful voyage landed on Thunder Bay Island, 
where he remained fishing during the ensuing sum- 
mer. In the fall of the same year he proceeded to 
Bay City, where at that time only five or six fam- 
ilies resided. Soon after his arrival he opened a 
store on the corner of Third and Water Streets, in 
in a building which still stands at the foot of Third 
Street. He commenced to trade with the Indians 
for furs and continued in that way for about twelve 
years, in the meantime also carrying on large fish- 
ing interests and having boats of his own plying 
tin 1 lakes. He was prudent in his expenditures 
and judicious in the management of his business, 
which enabled him to purchase the schooner "Julia 
Smith". lie sailed as Captain and used the vessel 
in bringing freight from Cleveland and Detroit to 
the Saginaw Valley and returning with fish. 

After a time Capt. Pierce sold the "Julia Smith" 
and bought another schooner, "Ellen", which he 
managed three years as a freight boat, and also 
carried on a store in An Sable. Among the Indians 
with whom he traded he was quite popular, being 
known as Nobby Quanaina (Master of Vessel) and 
learning to use fluently both the Chippewa and 
the Tawas language. Afterward he engaged in 
steamboating with ('apt. Cole in the -Scott", which 
he sailed some years and then sold in order to buy 
the tug "John Lathrop". That boat was sailed 
three or four year.- and then sold to George King, 
Mr. Pierce" retiring from the captaincy to devote 
his attention to his property interests. 

At different times (apt. Pierce has been engaged 
in various real estate speculations, usually meeting 
with success. He has platted several additions to 
the city, the first addition being forty acres in the 



Second Ward, the second consisting of about the 
same amount of land, and the third, in 1891, being 
in the Second Ward also. He platted a portion of 
the city of An Sable in early days in company with 
Col. Little and ha^ engaged in the real-estate busi- 
ness in that city until the present time. lie owns 
and resides in an elegant dwelling on the corner 
of King and First Streets in the Second Ward and 
there he lives, retired from his former active duties, 
although be still maintains his real estate interests- 
('apt. Pierce was married in Erie County, N. Y., 
to Miss Janet K. Weaver, who was born near Au- 
burn and reared to womanhood in Erie County. 
Airs. Pierce died January 28, 1891, at the age of 
sixty-live years, leaving three children, namely: 
Curtis E,. Prosecuting Attorney of Bay County; 
Nettie, Mrs. J. Taylor, of Toronto; and Caddie. 
Mrs. Stephen Flynn. of West Bay City. In his 
political belief the -Captain is a thorough Democrat, 
but does not aspire to Official honors. He was chosen 

i" serve as Alderman of Wenona (now West Baj 
City) and during his term of service on the School 
Board was greatly interested in the building np of 
the schools. In bis religious sympathies he is a 
Universalist, and bis solid traits of character have 
given him an enviable position among bis fellow- 

A lithographic portrait of ('apt. Pierce accom- 
panies this sketch of his life. 


.@*~ - 


' AMES SMITH is one of the respected farm- 
ers of Brady Township, Saginaw County. 
He is at present residing on section 13, 
where he has a well-improved estate. He 
came to Saginaw County in the fall of 1868 and 
has since made bis home in the above-named town- 
ship, his farm at the time of bis purchase bearing 
few improvements. Our subject was born in Seneca 
County, Ohio, September 1, 1836. lie was theson 
of Jonathan and Elizabeth Jane (Bigham) Smith, 
natives respectively of Pennsylvania and Ireland. 
The mother of our subject was brought to the 
United States by her parents when an infant. She 
was the daughter of William and Jane Bigham, 

who settled in ( )hio at the time of their coming to 
this country, and in thai State spent the remainder 
of their lives. The father of Mi'. Smith when a 
young man left his native State and made settle- 
ment in Ohio where be worked at his trade of :i 

cabinet-maker. He was married to our subject's 
mother in the Buckeye State and started out in 
life anew by locating on a farm in Seneca County. 
He resided on that tract for many years, when, his 
wife having died, he went to Crawford County. 
Ohio, and lived with his daughters, Mrs. Blair and 
Carson, with whom he remained until his decease, 

which occurred when lie was seven t\ -seven years 

of agel 

The parental family of our subject numbered 
seven children, five of whom lived to reach mature 
years. Our subject was the eldest in the family, 
then came Mary E. now Mrs. John Harbaugh, who 
resides in Brady Township, Saginaw County; Sarah 
li.. who is Mrs. Carson and makes her borne in 
Crawford ( ounty, Ohio; Eliza A.. Mrs. Blair, also 
of Crawford County; Jonathan R., a resident of 

( )ur subject 's father being a farmer, he was reared 
to a knowledge of agricultural pursuits and with 
the educational advantages which at that period 
were possible in the country, lie was married, 
July 1. 1863, to Miss Emeline Lemon. Mrs. Smith 
was a native of < mio, having been born in Seneca 
County on the 1 ."ith of March. 1838. Previous tollis 
marriage in 1861, Mr. smith enlisted in Company 
B, Seventh Ohio Infantry, and was mustered into 
service on the side of the Union. He saw much 
hard fighting while in the army and was in many 
skirmishes. lie was in the battle of CrOSS Lanes. 

W. Va., and at the battle of Winchester was 
wounded, which disabled him from farther service, 
and be received an honorable discharge. 

On bis return from the army Mr. Smith again 
engaged in the peaceful occupation of a fanner, 
which be followed in the summer and taught 
school in the winter until 1868, when he came to 
Saginaw County, and purchased the one hundred 
and twenty acres of land which is now in his pos- 
session. For eight winter- after coming to this 
county, he taught school in two districts. His land 
is intelligently and carefully tilled and bears all 



the improvements which give evidence of the en- 
terprise and judgment of the owner. 

Mr. and Mrs. Smith are the parents of two chil- 
dren — Nellie, wlio is the wife of A. 1). Rundall, 
and Hannah J. who resides with her parents. In 
various public capacities Mr. Smith lias advanced 
the interests of his fellow-men. lie is now Justice 
<>f the Peace, which office he has held since 1874. 
He has evertaken an active interest in educational 
matters, serving as School Superintendent for one 
year and a number of years as School Inspector. 
and in every way possible has advanced the 
standard of proficiency. Mis vote is east with the 
Republican party. Socially he is a member of the 
.Masonic fraternity, also of the Grand Army of the 
Republic and the Union Veteran Union. Mr. 
Smith is a member of the Methodist Protestant 
Church, and does all that lie can to elevate the 
moral standard of family, home. State and church. 
as well as to make his own example correspond 
with the principles of truth and justice. 

-2 -*±1-%kS-r.-, 



tf MLLIAM F. MORSE, M. 1). While the hu- 
manitarian features have for centuries 

been recognized among all classes and na- 
tions, it is only within the past few years that 
medicine has been classed as a science, capable of 
being probed by the severest study, and original 
discoveries made that show how dependent human 
nature and physical well-being is upon the ulterior 
agents of nature. The least skillful (four accred- 
ited physicians of to-day arc vastly wiser in re- 
gard to their chosen calling than the most learned 
of several centuries ago. 

Our subject is one of the younger physicians of 
Saginaw, whose training has been carried on in 
the light of the latest and most approved methods 
of study. He was born at Shrewsbury, Vt.. No- 
vember IX. 1857, and is a son of William V. and 
Diana (Pillsbury) Morse, the former a native of 
Rhode Island and the latter of Vermont. The 
youth remained at home and was reared in his 
native village until sixteen or seventeen years of 

aire when he clerked in a -tore. lie afterward at- 

tended the High School of his native place and at 
the age of eighteen began teaching. As with most 
young men the consideration of what he should 
devote himself to in life was uppermost in his 
mind, and considering his natural inclination to be 
for the medical profession, with that in view he 
entered the medical department of the university 
at Burlington, Vt. After a three years' course 
there he graduated in the Class of '82, which num- 
bered one hundred students. lie also enjoyed the 
advantage of hospital practice and Kenan to prac- 
tice his general profession at Stoneboro, Pa. 

After two years passed in Stoneboro, Dr. Morse 
came to Saginaw, in the spring of 1884. Forfour 
years he was upon the Hospital Staff of St. Mary's, 
acting both as surgeon and general physician, 
and since the organization of the Saginaw Hos- 
pital he has been recognized as one of the most 
efficient men on the Staff of that institution. 

The metal of which our subject is made was 
early tried, for at the age of sixteen years, he was 
thrown upon his own resources, but with a self re- 
spect that elevated him above petty considerations, 
he rose to the line of his future prospects, paid his 
way through college,and although he was in debt on 
coming to Saginaw, he soon freed himself from 
that incumbrance and built up a tine practice that 
pays him over $3,000 per annum. He has a neat 
home and a well-equipped office, on whose tables 
may be found the latest literature pertaining to 
his profession. Dr. Morse is particularly success- 
ful in the treatment of children's diseases, and 

many of the coming generation of this city will 
have him to thank for the prolonging of their 


The original of this sketch was married October 
i''.t. 1885, to Miss Anna, daughter of Prof. Con- 
stantine Wat/., who for twenty years served as 
Principal of the High School and is known 
throughout this portion of the country as a teacher 
of high standing. Miss Watz was born in Sagi- 
naw, May 7. isti.'!: she was educated in the High 
School, in which she afterward taught. She was 
an expert kindergarten teacher and highly consid- 
ered in an educational way. Our subject and his 
estimable wife are the parents of two bright chil- 
dren — Karl and Ralph — upon whose future they 



have counted much. Our subject is a Republican 
in politics but does not interest himself greatly in 
the machinery of the governmental idea. lie is a 
great lover of music and much of his leisure time 
is spent in devotion to this art. 


.j. = _.5. == .}. 

ELVIN ASELTON. Among the many 
worthy and capable farmers and stock- 
1 raisers of Chesaning Township, Saginaw 
County, none is more worthy of note than 
Mr. Aselton. He was burn on the line between 
Vermont and Canada on the shores of Lake Cham- 
plain. February 11. 1836, and is a son of Isaacand 
Nancy (Chilton) Aselton. both natives of the same 
place where their son was born. The father was of 
Dutch descent and the mother of mixed Scotch 
and English blood. They removed to Washtenaw 
County, Mich., when their son was but three years 
of age and four years later made their home upon 
unbroken land in Ingham County, where they 
lived until 1858. At this time they removed to 
Cold Water. Branch County, this State, where the 
father undertook hotel keeping for three years and 
then went to Jackson County and bought another 
farm after which they removed to Chesaning and 
from there to Ionia County, where he died in 1880. 

Our subject was brought up on a farm in a new 
country and had but poor opportunities for educa- 
tion. At the age of nineteen be began jobbing 
and chopping and four years later went to Wis- 
consin where lie worked on the river, rafting lum- 
ber during the summer and chopping in the woods 
during the winter, and then returned to .Michigan. 
In September, \*~~i lie was married to .Mis- Eliza- 
beth Minckler, and by that marriage there wen 
three children, two of whom are still living: 
Mariam. who married John Collard and lives in 
Brady Township with her husband nnd three chil- 
dren; and Elnora who is Mrs. .lames Shaw, and 
lives in New Haven Township, Shiawassee County 
and is the mother of three children; John M. died 
in 1890. 

After marriage our subject farmed in Branch 

County for one year and then came to New Haven 
Township, Shiawassee County, and bought forty 
acres of wild hind. Mere he lived for four years 
when his wife died and he sold his place and re- 
turned to his father's in Jackson County, after 
which he rented a farm, and made his home in 
Perry, Shiawassee County. His second marriage 
united him with Sarah J. Countryman on the 2nd 
of April. 1866. After a four years residence in the 
village of Chesaning he bought his present farm 
of forty acres and afterward bought forty acres in 
Shiawassee Country. Mrs. Sarah Aselton Lived but 
about a year and a half and he next married Lu- 
cinda Phidelia Madison who bore to him four chil- 
dren: Isaac, Elizabeth, Edgar and Orville. Eliza- 
beth is now the wife of James Richards, a farmer in 
New Haven Township. In June. 1885, the mother 
of these children was called from earth and Mr. 
Aselton was married July .">. 1891, to Mis. Martha 
Duulap. Our subject ha- a house and lot at Six 
Mile Creek, where he lived for some three years. 

He has in past year- been a Democrat in politics 
but was never an office-seeker and is now an Inde- 
pendent in politics but has been attached to the 
Patrons of Industry. 





F.N.IAMIN F. WEBSTER, who is a dealer in 


hinds and lumber at the comer of 

Genesee and Washington streets. Saginaw, 

was born in Detroit, September 8, 1853, and 
is a son of Samuel 1 1, and Angehne (Rice) Webster, 
of whom we have spoken more in detail above. 
He is the only child in the family and has lived in 
Saginaw since his early boyhood, receiving bis 
education here in the High School. True to the 
training and influence of his father, he early en- 
gaged in lumbering ami handling [line hinds, not 
only in Michigan but also in Wisconsin and Min- 
ne-ota.and has also been quite a dealer in farming 
lands in Michigan. 

Benjamin Webster was married June I. 1879, 
to Miss Leoni, daughter of J. R. Livingston, of the 

Iloyt's Dry-e Is Company. This lady was born 

in New York but had her training and education 



in Saginaw. She is the mother of one son — Benja- 
min I'.. Jr. Their happy home is al the corner of 

Warren and Tl pson Streets; (his couple are 

highly esteemed in social circles. The political 
views of the young man, as of his father, are in 
harmony with the declarations of the Republican 

party, and he is coi tted with the Masonic order, 

being a Knight Templar. 

^•HOMAS MINN, of Bay City, is a manu- 
facturer of all sorts of sawmill machinery 
and supplies, such as edgers, lumber 
trimmers, huh and bolters. He also manufactures 
a rotary gang, which he invented and patented, 
and which is the only one made in the United Stair-. 
Lumbermen are just beginning to appreciate the 
value of this machine, the more so as they are now 
discussing the saving of timber. Besides this Mr. 
Munii makes many other improved forms of ma- 
chinery, among them Munn's improved four-roller 
gang, and also the pendulum slide, both of which 
have an increasing use in the manufacture of lum- 

Our snliject began his manufacturing interests 
in Bay City in 1*(I8. He was first interested as 
half-owner in the Valley iron Works, but selling 
that finally, he built his present factory at Twenty- 
third Street, at theFlint & Pore Marquette Railroad 
crossing. .Thomas Munn was horn in Philadel- 
phia, January 2'>. li->2'.). and is a son of Samfuel 
G. and Sarah (Gardner) Munn. He received his 
early education under the beneficent influence Of 
the Quaker city, hut picked up a large amount of 
practical, common-sense knowledge in his after ca- 
reer. He came West with his father when about 
fourteen years old. 

A natural mechanical genius, Mr. Munn soon 
made himself master of the millwright business. 

He followed that exclusively for over eighteen years 

coming to Bay City in 186). He put in the Kawkaw- 

li n mill, the ( ). A. Ballou and the Shaw A- Williams 
Mills of Saginaw. He also superintended the At- 
lantic Salt Works at Bay City and a mill for John 

L. Woods A Co.. and indeed much of the work of 
this class in this portion of the country has been 
the outcome in one way or another of his luisy 
and fertile mind. Finally Mr. Munn confined 
his attention to perfecting hi- own inventions and 
settled down to manufacturing for himself in Bay 
( ity, which has been his home since 1861. Since 
devoting himself to the work in which he is now 
interested and which includes a machine shop, 
foundry and brass works, giving employment to a 
large number of men. he has greatly increased the 
mechanical facilities of his shop. 

For eleven years Mr. Munn has served on the 
Board of Education and lor three terms was its 
President. He has been greatly interested in the 
development and improvement of the methods 
employed in the city schools, believing our edu- 
cational policy to be the anchor and life of the 
Republic. With that in view lie never lose- an 
opportunity to forward public education. Aside 
from these interests which he does not consider 
sessarily allied to the political issues, he has re- 
fused municipal offices. In 1890 he was nomi- 
nated State Senator by the Labor party, which 
nomination was endorsed by the Republicans, but 
the times were unpropitious to the claims of the 
labor party and he failed to secure the election. 
Once before he was nominated to the same posi- 
tion and friends and political opponents alike con- 
ceeded him the election, but by mistakes and fraud 
he was debarred from qualifying, being counted 
out by thirteen votes. 

Our subject has for four year- served as Presi 
dent of the Temperance Reform Club, and feels 
that the movement has been of great benefit to 
this vicinity. lie was reared in the faith of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. His aim in life has 
been peculiarly pure and single-minded and has 
been wholly to better the condition of his fellow- 
men, especially of the laboring ClaSSCS. lie feels 
that the time is not far distanl when there shall 
be more universal fellow-hip and money shall not 
be the standard of social and political rights to 
the degeee that it now i.-. 

January 13, 1Ho2, Mr. Munn was married to 
Miss Sarah K.. daughter of Cornelius 
of the prominent early pioneer- of Purl Huron, Mich. 



Our subject and his wife arc the parents of three 
sons and one daughter. Of these George II. and 
Frank G. are in business with their father; Charles 
is in the drug- business in Bay City; Edith is the 
wife of E. C>. Ingersoll, of Canton, III., and has 
one son. Max. 

A lithographic portrail of Mr. Munn accom- 
panies this sketch. 

F. s ELON 15. ALLEN, an active, energetic busi- 

I ness man. and one who has successfully 
coped with the difficulties of some of the 

•j) hardest phases in life, is the gentleman 
whose life-histoi \ we are about to attempt to give 
in outline. Mr. Allen was bora in the town of 
Porter. Niagara County, N. V.. November 28, 1844. 
He is a son of David P. and ( llarissa A. (Timothy ) 
Allen, natives of the old Lay Stale. David Allen 
was a son of Philip Allen, who is a farmer in 
Massachusetts. He went to New York about 1835 
and there resided until his death, which took place 
in 1850. He reared his sis children, whose names 
were: David P., Whitmore, Palmer, Clara. .lane and 
Louisa, in the faith of the Presbyterian Church, 

giving them that best of all inheritance, a u I 

parental record and good constitutions. 

Our subject's father came to Michigan in 1867 
and settled in ClareCounty, where he entered and 
improved a farm and there still resides. During 
the Civil War he served in a New York regiment. 
He and his wife have been for many years con- 
scientious followers of the eieed as held by the 
Presbyterian Church. They reared a family of 
nine children, whoare: ouvsubjeet, Myron, Charles 
P., Herbert, James D., Helen E., Sarah L., Minnie 
E.,and Irva D. Our subject's mother was a daugh- 
ter of Elkana and ( Iarissa (Tower) Timothy, na- 
tives of Massachusetts, hut early settlers in New 

Our subject was reared on the home farm. He 
earlyattended the district school and there absorbed 
equal amounts of book-learning and mischief. He 
began for himself on the farm, working by the 
month or at whatever he could find to do. He 

spent two years in the oil regions during the great 
excitement and in the fall of 1868 came to Sag- 
inaw, where he entered the employ of Mr. II. A. 
Tildon and was engaged in manufacturing lumber 
anil sail tor ten years, after which he rented a salt 
block and conducted the business himself for three 
years. In 1879 he built the salt works at Garfield 
and in L880 located there, lie had purchased four 
hundred acres of timber and at once set himself to 
clearing and improving the same. He now owns 
one hundred and twenty acres of land in Clare 
County and four hundred acres of pine lands in 
upper Michigan. 

While clearing his land Mr. Allen has been oper- 
ating his salt well, lie now holds the position of 
Postmaster at Garfield. lb' is a Republican in 
politics anil socially a Mason, and a Knight Temp- 
lar. He made his own nay in the world, for man y 
years striving manfully with adverse circumstances. 
Mr. Allen has for the past three years been engaged 
in breeding Clydesdale horses. 

Our subject was married December 16, 1875, to 
Nellie, daughter of William and Laura (Gould) 
McKnight. Their married life has been very 
pleasant and the future seems to promise blessings 
and comforts in proportion to the struggles of the 

II.L1AM SMITH. Jr., is a farmer and stock- 
iai.-cr on section 21. Chesaning Township. 

vV where he own- eighty acres of land. He 
was born in Worcester County, Mass., March 25, 
1838, and is a son of William and Eliza (Boyden) 
Smith, the funnel- a native of Massachusetts and 
the latter of New Hampshire. Our subject was 
about four years of age when his father came to 
.Michigan in 1842, and purchased the land on 
which thc\ made the old homestead, and upon 
which our subject still lives. 

Our subject had hut slender educational advan- 
tage-. Imi attended a school taught by his sister, 
Eliza Ann. now Mrs. William P. Allen, of Chesa- 
ning. At the age of sixteen he began carrying 
the mail between Corunna, Shiawassee County, and 



Saginaw ( ity. He had to go sixteen miles by 
lio:it and sometimes, when the river was mi thai 
he could not go by boal was obliged to foot it. 
He carried the mail for two years and at the age 
of eighteen began to work at the carpenter's trade, 
which he followed five years until enlisting in 
Company G, Sixth Michigan Cavalry, September 
3, 1862. He was in Gen. Custer's Brigade in the 
Army of the Potomac and was in seventeen differ- 
ent battles before he was wounded, having in one 
instance his horse shot from under him. The first 
battle in which he participated was at Hanover, 
Pa. He was also at Gettysburg and was wounded 
at Raccoon Ford, Va. Later he was in the en- 
gagement at Rapidan River, Culpeper Court House, 
and September II. 1863, was shot through the 
body. Using his musket as a - crutch, he hobbled 
as best he could from the Meld, the enemy pressing 
close behind. He was sent to Douglas Hospital. 
Washington City, and there lay for eight months. 
After sufficiently recovering our subject again 
joined his regiment in June, 1M64. He later had 
two horses wounded in battle, and since coming 

from the war he has never been able to recline on 

the side on which he was wounded. He was 
mustered out of service November 2f>, 1865, at Ft. 
Leavenworth, Kan., receiving his discharge at 
Jackson, this State They had been with Gen. 
O'Connor fighting Indians in the West, and our 
Subject helped to build Ft. Reno. 

It was .Mr. Smith's intention to return to the 
West after making a visit home, but meeting Miss 
Electa Hooker, lie concluded to stay, and was mar- 
ried to her September I, L867. She was a native 
of Hamburg, Eric County. N. V.. and born May 
17,1850. She was a daughter of Andress and 
Amanda (Lobdell) Hooker. Their marriage has 
been blessed by the birth of three children, two of 
whom are living: Nettie E., who was born August 
9, 1869, is Mrs. John C. Edsall and lives in Cleve- 
land, Ohio: .lame- W., bom December 10, 1877, is 
still in school; Fannie E. died in infancy. 

Mr. Smith remained with his parents, taking 
cur nf them until their decease, his mother dy- 
ing May 17, I s 7 ."> ; she was born in 1806. The 
father, who was bom April 28, 1800, died M.-i\ 
25, L885. lie was a prominenl Democrat and 

held various offices in this township, having been 

Supervisor and Justice of the Peace. He was the 
tlrst Postmaster at North Hampton, the post-office 
being in his own home. He was always known as 
.ludi;c Smith. The original Of our sketch is also a 

Democrat, lie is a member of the Masonic frater- 
nity and also of the Grand Army of the Republic. 
Our subject's father was County Judge for four 

years, and while in Massachusetts was commis- 
sioned Captain of the Militia, by Gov. Levi Lin- 
coln, and served for several years. 

<* IVILLIAM .1. DUNNIGAN, who is now the 
\/iJ/r Constable of Bay City, and was at one 
V V time the Marshal, is well known through- 
out the Saginaw Valley as a man of fearless cour- 
age. In the old pioneer days when lie first came to 
what was then called Wenona, which is now West, 
Bay City, there were only two stores there and a 
few .sawmills. 

Our subject was born in London. Canada. March 
1. IH."i2. and hi- father. Patrick Dunnigan, was 
born in Ireland and was there married. At the 
ace of twenty-one he enlisted in the English Army 
for a term of twenty-one years. He was one of 
the "Queens Own" and took part in the Crimean 
War. He finally retired on a pension and coming 
to Canada, located at London. There he bought 
a farm some fifteen miles out of the city, but later 
sold it and located in the city. Three days after 
this transaction he was murdered on his way home 
and his body was thrown into the Thames River, 
where it was found next morning. It is supposed 
that the murderers believed him to be in possession 
of quite a sum of money. 

The mother of our subject. Catherine (Tobias) 
Dunnigan, was born in ( ounty ( lork, Ireland. After 
the death of Air. Dunnigan she was united in mar- 
riage with Patrick Mallev, and came to Bay City. 
They both died soon after coming to this place. The 
Dunnigan family consisted of four sons and one 
daughter, namely: Patrick, who is superintendent 
of the Saginaw Bay Towing Association; Michael. 



wli<> is in '.he employ of the Michigan Central Rail- 
road; Edward, who lives at Ashland, Wis.; Mary, 
who is Mrs. J. E. Lyons, of ( lleveland, ( >hio, and our 


William Dunnigan was reared in London. Can- 
ada, until he readied the age of nine years, and in 
1861 he came to what was then called Wenona. 

and attended the common scl 1, until he reached 

the age of fourteen, when he found employment in 
the sawmills, for some twelve or fourteen year-. 
On account of rheumatism he finally left the saw- 
mill and his employers, who esteemed him very 
highly, sought and obtained for.him a position on 
the police force of West Bay City, which he en- 
tered June 9, 1881. 

Our subject remained upon the police force until 
1887, when he was appointed by the City Council. 
Chief of Police and Marshal, and served' the city 
in that capacity until April. 1891. In ixss he 
engaged in the livery business, buying out Mr. 
Baily, and carried on the business until the spring 
of 1885, when he sold out the concern. He owns 
a farm of eighty acres of well-improved land in 
Merritt Township, this county. 

Dining the time Mr. Dunnigan was Marshal he 
had several exciting encounters. At one time in 
arresting a colored man. Peter Saunders, who had 
killed a man. he had great difficulty in gaining ad- 
mittance to the house where Saunders hail secreted 
himself. The criminal defied any one to come up 
thestairs, threatening to shoot, but Mr Dunnigan 
ascended the stairs and by parleying through the 
closed doors induced the man to give himself up. 
telling him that it was better to be locked up safe 
in jail than to be mobbed, as there wen' five hun- 
dred people outside. However brave this crowd 
might have been in mobbing the man. not one ex- 
cept Mr. Dunnigan dared to enter the house. 

Another desperate encounter took place. .March 
1. 1891, and was with the lunatic. Henry Colliker, 
who had murdered Andrew Poison. The shot he 
received from this desperado caused a serious case 
of blood poisoning and it was only through his 
having so vigorous a constitution that he escaped 
death at that time, and he has never entirely re- 
covered from its effects. When he retired from 
the police force as Marshal he had been in that 

pari of the city's service steadily for ten years. 
and during that time he had been connected with 
all the principal cases and arrests. 

Mr. Dunnigan was married in West Hay City, 
in l<s7(i. to Miss Ella Pridgeon, who was born in 
St. Clair County, Mich., and was the daughter of 
John Pridgeon. a native of England, who lived in 
M.Clair County when he first came to America, 
but now resides in West Bay City. Three sons 
have been granted to our subject and his estimable 
wife. Edward, Arthur and William. Mr. Dunnigan 
is a member of the Ancient Order of Hibernians 
and belongs to St. Mary's Catholic Church. He 
was a strong Democrat until IKS!), and at that 
time became a Republican, although he understood 
fully that his change of politics might result m a 
loss of office as Bay City is a Democratic town. 

RED II. PR1EUR. The popular dealer and 
S furnisher of gentleman's wearing apparel, 
in Chesaning, is he whose name appears 
above. His stock includes, besides clothing, hats, 
cap- and general furnishing goods. He is a Can- 
adian by birth, having been born at St. Polyearp. 
|oii\ mile- north of Montreal. Canada. September 
■>. I860. He i> a son of Joseph and Eveline M. 
(Abaire) Prieur. The parents, though natives of 
Canada, were of French ancestiy. They still sur- 
vive. The father is a farmer and resides where 
our subjeel was born. 

As a boy Fred was taught the French language, 
and aside from this he received but little educa- 
tion until fourteen years of age. at which time he 
went upon a mail boatas second steward. During 
the two summers in which he was so employed 
his youthful perceptive faculties were constantly 
bristling with the effort to assimilate all the new 
ideas and facts that came to him. 

\t the age of sixteen our subject took a place as 
office boy in an hotel in Iroquois, Canada. He 
remained there two years and began to learn to 
write and speak English, and later attended an 
English school for about three months. He then 
came to Michigan and located in Saginaw. April 







8, 1879. He soon went, however, to West Branch, 
where be was employed in another hotel for one 
year, and during the year 1880—8] li<' attended 
school in Saginaw. 

Mi. Prieur then entered the employ of G. Esta- 
brook & Co. June 29, 1881, and there acquired n 
good knowledge of the clothing business, being 
with the firm for seven years. While thus em- 
ployed be was married, July 7, 1885, to Miss Jenny 
M. Bennett, of Saginaw, but born in the same 
place as our subject. Her natal day was March 
23. 1865. In June, 1888, Mr. Prieur opened up 
business for himself in Chesaning. He had saved 
up a comfortable sum from his salary, and with 
the aid of his employer. Mr. Estabrook, who lias 
been as kind as a father to him, he has been able 
to build up an excellent business, and now enjoys 
the confidence of all the people in this vicinity. 
Mr. and Mrs. Prieur have been bles'l with two chil- 
dren — a son. Arthur II., who was born May 14, 
1886, and a daughter. Ida C, who was born May 
2.5. 1887. He of whom we write is a Republican 
in politics and one of the Trustees of the village. 
He and his wife are in their religious creed mem- 
bers of the Holy Catholic Church, Mr. Prieur hav- 
ing been confirmed at the early age of ten years. 

LONZO W. AUSTIN. The portrait which 
appears on the opposite page is that of a 
veteran of the late war and a useful citi- 
zen of Chesaning. A native of New York, 
Mr. Austin was bom in Steuben County, May 19, 
1839, and is the son of Rufus and Nancy Austin. 
At an early age he was bereft of both parents, 
losing his mother when two years of age and his 
father when but five. There was a large family of 
children left, and Alonzo W. being the youngest 
was cared for by a sister until he commenced to 
be self-sustaining. When twelve years old he 
worked by the month for $5, and from that time 
was employed at whatever he could get to do. 
During the winter seasons lie attended school, 
bought his clothes and books, paid his rate bill 
and discharged his board bill by doing chores. In 

that way he received a fair common-school educa- 

When the late war broke out Mr. Austin was 
living in Geneseo, Livingston County. X. Y.. and 
in the fall of 18U1 he enlisted in Company I), One 
Hundred and Fourth New York Infantry, which 
was incorporated with the Army of the Potomac. 
Among the engagements in which he participated 
were the buttles of Cedar Mountain. Thoroughfare 
Gap, Rappahannock, Culpeper and the second 
battle of Bull Run. He was wounded in the arm 
and one side by a musket ball and three buck- 
shots, one of which he still bears about him. The 
same day on which he was wounded his right arm 
was amputated on the field near Centerville, Ya., 
and be was sent to Finley (leneral Hospital at 
Washington, where he remained five weeks, being 
desperately sick a part of the time. On receiving 
his discharge, be returned home and for three suc- 
ceeding years was unable to work, bu1 during 
that time received a pension. 

In 1865 Mr. Austin came to Michigan and lo- 
cated in Ingham County, east of Lansing. Later 
he removed to Wayne County, where he had 
charge of the toll-gate on the Detroit A- Saline 
Plank Road for about four years. Prior to ac- 
cepting the last-named position he was married in 
Ingham County, June 27. 18(1(1. his bride being 
Miss Jennie Sowle, a native of Okemos, Ingham 
County. Mrs. Austin is a prominent member and 
Treasurer of the Woman's Relief Corps, in which 
she has held all the important offices. She is a 
lady of unusual executive ability and has con- 
ducted business successfully for several years. Her 
fine social qualities are universally recognized and 
her presence adds lustre to any circle in which she 
may mingle. 

In the fall of 1870 Mr. Austin came to Chesan- 
ing, where for four years he managed a general 
store and for some time maintained the position 
of Street Commissioner. A Republican in his po- 
litical preference, he has served under his party 
in several capacities, having been Marshal and 
Trustee of the village. His pension has been in- 
creased at various times until he now receives 145 
per month. He is a charter member of Pap Thomas 
Post, No. 121, G. A. R. Department of Michigan. 



and in 1888 organized Wadsworth Command No. 
20, of the Union Veteran's Union, Department of 
Michigan, in which he holds the position of Colonel. 
He and hi* estimable wife have one child — Fohn 
T., who was born in Chesaning April 17, 1873. 
lie is now a member of the Sons of Veterans and 
a youth of great promise. 



'if OlIN G. BUCHANAN, who is the proprie- 
tor nf the Campbell House, has been a resi- 
dent of Bay City since October, 1869. He 
was born in County Lanark, Ontario, on 
December 15. 1849, and is a son of Peter and 
Catherine (Galbraith) Buchanan. The father was 
a tailor by trade and resided at different times in 
various villages in Canada, and there the boy ob- 
tained his education in the common schools, com- 
pleting his studies in the Canadian Literary In- 
stitute at Woodstock, after which he came to 

Michigan, locating at hay City, as above stated. 

The young man lirst found employment in the 
woods among the lumbermen, and was able after 
a little to take the position of a scaler, and after- 
ward that of foreman, and continued thus until 
1881, when he went into the lumber business for 
himself, remaining in that line for some six years. 
being largely interested in culling and manufac- 
turing. While still in this business he became the 
proprietor of the Moulton House, which lie bought 
in the spring Of 1881. Some five years later he 
bought the Brunswick House property, and refitted 
inputting in steam and other conveniences, and 
carrying on the house successfully something over 
two years, lie finally sold his property to the 
Government as that site was desired for the nev\ 
( rovernment building. 

Mr. Buchanan bought the Campbell House 
Block, a fine brick building with one hundred and 
twenty-live feet frontage on North Water St 
and one hundred feet frontage on Third St: ', 
buying also an additional lot running bac: 
Saginaw Street. Upon this lot he erected an : 
tion to the hotel, which he devoted to the I- 
laundry and the rooms for the help. The i 

has sixty-four rooms available for guests, and it is 
thoroughly heated throughout by steam, and has 
electric lights in every room. About 110,000 were 
expended by him in refitting and improvements 
upon taking the house, and in all respects it is 
now a first-class hostelry. The hotel property 
comprises six stores, two fronting on Third Street 
and four on Water Street. lie also owns another 
brick block on Third Street. Mr. Buchanan is well 
adapted to achieve success in this calling as lie is 
accommodating in his nature, and genial and 
kindly, and thinks no trouble too much in order 
lo make his guests comfortable and contented. 

Our subject is now Hie Alderman for the Sec- 
ond Ward, to which position he was lirst elected 
in the spring of 1888, and again in the spring of 
1890. lie is a member of Joppa Lodge, F. & A. M., 
of the Blanchard Chapter, of the hay City Coun- 
cil and Com'mandery, ami the .Michigan Sover- 
eign Consistory of Detroit, lie is also a mem- 
ber of the Mystic Shrine of Detroit, and has 
taken thirty-two degree-. He is President of the 
hay City Branch of the Northwestern Building 
A- Loan Association at Minneapolis. His marriage, 
September '2.">. 1876, united him with Jane Jenkins, 
of Canada, and they have I wo children — Peter 
and Albert. 

AMUEL F. HOFFMAN, who now resides 
in Oakley. Saginaw County, was born in 
Herkimer County. N. Y.. May 19, I835j 
and is the son of John and Ann is (Farmer) 
Hoffman, both natives of New York. The father 
was of Dutch origin and the mother was a native 
of Yankee land. The parents removed to Ivirt- 
land. Ohio, when this son was only I wo year.- old. 
and there the father bought land and settled. 

Our subject was brought upon a farm and re- 
ceived a COmmOn-SCl 1 education. lie came lo 

Michigan when twenty years old with his parents, 
locating in Delhi Township, Ingham County, this 
Mate, where our subject and his father both owned 
land. That parent died September 25, 1861, while 
on a visit to Ohio, and was buried ai his old home. 



Samuel Hoffman bought out t he interest of the 
Other heirs in his father's estate ami took care of 
his mother until within a few years of her death, 
which occurred September 16, 1891. lie was mar- 
ried on the 25th of .March, 1865, in Lansing, to 
Miss [da Polhemus. of Delhi Township, a daugh- 
ter of . J oab and Flmina (Scoville) Polhemus. Mr. 
Polhemus came to Michigan in 1849, lias lived for 
many years in Ingham County and died in Febru- 
ary, l***. Mr-. Polhemus was the mother of four 
children. Mrs. Hoffman was the third in order of 
birth and is the last remaining member of the 
family. Mrs. Polhemus died in Detroit. Mich., 
in 1851. Mrs. Hoffman was born in Attica. X. Y., 
December 2.J. 1842, and hei ancestry on her fa- 
ther's side was of Holland origin and on the ma- 
ternal side was to In- traced to New England stock. 

While owning and operating a farm in Delhi. 
Our subject also carried on a sawmill and had a 
general store for several years in Holt during war 
times, besides serving as Postmaster under Presi- 
dents Lincoln and Johnson. He kept an hotel for 
about a year and then bough.1 a farm near the 
village of Holt, but -old that property and removed 
to Parshallburg in 1872, where he carried on the 
Havana Mills for about two years. 

The removal of Mr. Hoffman to this county was 
i'l 1875, and he then -tailed a general -tore in 
Oakley, in partnership with Mr. Sackrider, and 
joined with that gentleman in his lumbering in- 
terests, which they still carry on. although they 
sold the -tore in 1885. They own land there and 
are engaged in farming and in breeding blooded 
Lesters and Shropshires, Shorthorns. Durhams, etc 
One hundred acre- of finely improved land is 
Comprised in their farm here, and they have four 
hundred acres in Brant Township besides eighty 
acres which Mr. Hoffman owns in hi- individual 

The first ballot cast l>\ our subject was for John 
C. Fremont, and he supported Horace Greeley, 
since which time he has been a Democrat, lie was 
the first Presidentof the village and served in that 
Capacity for two years, since which time he has 
been on the hoard much of the time and is now 
Trustee, lie serves as delegate in county and 
State conventions and has never been defeated 

for any office for which he was named. He is a 
Mason of the Royal Arch degree and a man of 

I linence in that order. Mr. Hoffman has live 

children living and three have been called hence. 
as follow.-: Jennie Louisa died July 2*. 1878, aged 
ten months and eight days; Clarence S., April I, 
1882, aged eleven years, eleven months and nine 
day-; Floyd I'., November 20, 1882, aged three 
year-, eleven month- and eighteen day-. Of those 
living, Came married Fred Piper, a druggist of 
Lansing; Julia is :i teacher, and Lester, Marsh and 
Louie are at home. 


LWIS 1.. MLNSON. -One of the very he.-t- 
hearted fellows in existence." such is what 
friend -aid to the writer in referring to 
the subject of this sketch, who is an old lumberman 
and now a prominent farmer residing on section 
2d. Saginaw Township, one and one-quarter miles 
from the corporate limits of the city on what is 
known as the "crossroads." Mr. Munson was horn 
in the town of Otisco, Onondaga County. X. V.. 
September 19, 1*.",;;. lie is a son of Thomas .Mun- 
son. a native of Middlebury, New Haven County, 
Conn., and born in 1796. He settled, however, a1 
an early date in New York, and was there pressed 
into service at the burning of Buffalo during the 
War of 1812 under Gen. Brown. He removed his 
family to Michigan in is 13. 

The family made tin' journey from Senilis Point. 
X. Y.. to St. Clair. Mich., across the lake on the 
steamer "Van dalia." Our subject's father resided 
in St. (lair County the years, and then made his 
home lor ii\e years iii Macomb County, spending 
the same length of time in Lapeer County. He 
rum to Saginaw in 1859, and spent his last days 
with his son, our subject, dying in 1867. lie was 
a well-read ami intelligent man. who espoused the 
political theories as held by the Republican party. 
Our subject's mother was prior to her marriage a 
Miss Anna Beach, she was born on the Grenadier 
1-lands in 1799, and was of Scotch de-cent. She 
was a kind-hearted mother, and reared eighl chil- 



dren, whose names are — -Alfred. Susan. Nelson, 
Jerome, Lewis 1... Enos, Jane M. and Charles H. 
.Mrs. Munson was inclined to the Presbyterian 
faith; she died April 19, 1866. 

Our subject was brought to Michigan when ten 
years of age. He had begun his school life in New 
York, and after coming to Michigan, spent a little 
time in school in St. Clair County. When fifteen 
years of age he began to be self-supporting, work- 
ing as a common laborer in the lumber woods of 
St. Clair County. For thirty-seven years he was 
engaged in the lumber business, and it is doubtful 
if any man knows more of the business than doc- 
ile. He served as foreman for Wright & Howard. 
and for a time for David Ward, of Pontiac, and 
was afterward in the lumber business for himself 
for fifteen years. His lumbering exploits extend 
over a wide area of country and follow the Titta- 
bawassee, Molasses. Tobacco and Chippewa Rivers. 

Mr. Munson 's first recollections of Michigan in- 
clude adventures with Indians, deer, wolves and 
bears, and in his life m the lumber camps many are 
the stirring experiences that he has had. He re- 
tired from lumbering >n 1886, and has since de- 
voted himself to bucolic interests and pleasures. 
He was married October 24, 1MI7. to Amelia Will- 
iams, who was born in Victor, N. Y.. October 2. r >. 
1846. Mrs. Munson is a lady who at once com- 
mends herself to the good graces- of those with 
whom she meets. Able, intellectually and ever) 
other way. she is a model housewife, and is the 
proud possessor of her husband's full confidence 
and love. They are the parents of four children. 
whose names are Charles, Carrie, Myrtle and Anna 
— all of whom are still at home. 

The original of this sketch purchased bis present 
farm, which is known as theSwarthout homestead, 
and one of the first farms settled in the township, 
in 1882. He removed here the following year. The 
place comprises forty-seven acres, all of which is 
under cultivation. It is one of the richest tracts 
of land in the Saginaw Valley, having a sub-soil of 
clay that retains moisture and a light, rich and 
loamy surface soil. Mr. Munson has gone into the 
business of farming on the scientific plan, making 
a study of the work. He keeps thoroughly posted 
by reading the best literature of the day on this 

specialty. He raises some fine graded horses for 
sale, and is the owner of a tine animal of the 
Clydesdale, Messenger and Norman breed, that 
weighs sixteen hundred pounds and which he keeps 
fi 'i breeding purposes. 

Mr. .Munson is a natural mechanic, and has a 
small shop on bis farm, where, aside from his own 
work, he does some custom work in blacksmithing 
and woodwork. He has just completed a very line 
large frame residence, one of the best in the town- 
ship, which he has built at a cost of 11,500. It is 
modern in style of architecture and in finish, and 
is a model of beauty and convenience. He also 
owns a residence in the city on thecornerof Ham- 
ilton and Wayne Streets, which is rented. Mrs. 
Munson is a member of the Christian Church. Our 
subject is a Republican in polities. 


' RED .1. J. SCHDETT. We give herewith a 
) -ketch of the proprietor of the City Mills, 
which is one of the most prominent and 
successful of the business interests of Saginaw. 
Mr. Schuett carries on both a custom and a merchant 
trade and his mills have the roller process. The 
report of the Board of Trade for 1890 gave as their 
output five hundred and thirty-two barrels of Hour, 
and made the statement that they had boughl 
twenty-four hundred and sixty bushels of wheat 
during that year. 

The specialty of this mill is the popular brand 
known as the Favorite, and there is probably no 
brand manufactured in Saginaw which has gained 
more surely in publicfavor than this. The house- 
keepers of the present day are not easily satisfied 
and will not accept an inferior brand of Hour when 
they are attempting to make good and toothsome 
bread, and the favor with which this Hour has been 
received by them shows its excellent qualities. The 
City Mills manufactures also rye. graham and buck- 
wheat flour and constantly has on hand a large 
supply of feed, com and oats. 

Mr. Schuett has been in Saginaw since April, 
1890, and during the first six months was in part; 
nership with Andrew Zuckeiinandel. The mill 



was rebuilt in L882, and has had the roller process 
for the last five years. Business had been greatly 
increased during 1890, and since that time it has 
been growing so that 1891 will probably show four 
times as large an output as that of the previous 

Our subject was born in Nankin Township, 
Wayne County. .Mich., sixteen miles west of De- 
troit. August 1, 1860. His parents, John O, and 
Elizabeth (Langerman) Schuett, were both natives 
of Mechlenbuig, Germany. The father came to 
the United States in 1856, and after being married 
settled upon a farm in Wayne County and devoted 
himself to clearing away the forest, improving the 
land and putting it in a condition for raising 
crops. It was in L86 I that he removed from Wayne 
County to Saginaw, and he resided for five years 
in East Saginaw, where lie carried on his trade as 
a carpenter and then removed to Buena Vista, this 
county, where he cleared another farm and made 
his home for twenty years. not removing from that 
property until April, 1890, when he came to Sagi- 
naw and is now with his son in the mill. 

He of whom we write remained at home, assist- 
ing his father upon the farm until his marriage, 
which took place, October 28, 1883. She who be- 
came his bride was Miss Margaret Schuitz,of Bridge- 
port. Soon after this event his mother died and 
the father has since made his home with his son. 
Our subject has one step-sister, Mrs. Loie Pitch, of 
East Saginaw. 

Both father and sun are Republicans in their 
political convictions and are in hearty agreement 
in regard to matters of public importance. They 
are members of the Lutheran Church at South 
Saginaw, and are highly respected by all with whom. 
they have dealings. 

For some four years Mi-. Schuett was agent for 
agricultural implements both in Saginaw and Tus- 
cola Counties, lie has recently given his mill .in 
Overhauling, putting in several pieces of new ma- 
chinery and an unusually line outfit for the man- 
ufacture of buckwheat Hour. His machinery is all 
new :uid he is thus able to make the choicesl grades 
of Hour. His father was the lirst man to locate in 
Bnena Vista Township, and the country around 
was then under water and no crops could lie raised 

upon it until it was properly drained. The enter- 
prise of Mr. Schuett- in thus pioneering this move- 
ment greatly raised the value of property on 
adjoining tracts. 

^ \M(*EL II. WEBSTER, of East Saginaw, is 
a son of Benjamin E. and .lane (Slade) 
Webster, who were both natives of New 
Hampshire, of English ancestry, and the 
maternal grandfather, Samuel Slade. was one of 
the heroes of the Revolutionary War. Our subject^ 
was one of four children, all hut one of whom are 
still living, and one sister, Lucy ( Mrs. Peter Dixon) 
resides in Saginaw. 

The name of "lumberman" in certain portions 
of Michigan has come to possess a rank and merit 
which do not attach to any other trade or calling. 
To be known as a lumberman, especially in the 
Saginaw Valley, carries with it the "hall-mark" of 
wealth and prominence in the affairs of the world. 
The prominence has been fairly earned, for no 
nobler set of men, taken as a class, exist within the 
limits of the Peninsular State. 

Samuel II. Webster comes of New England stock 
and was born in Surry, Cheshire County, N. H., 
on the I '.tth of December, 1822. The son of a farmer, 
he secured only the rudiments of a common-school 
education; and yet the district school of the older 
Eastern States gave the children of those early 
days as good opportunities for learning as many 
of the high graded schools of the present time can 
offer, or else how can the fact otherwise be ac- 
counted for that our men of eminence, having had 
no other facilities for mental improvement in their 
youth than that fust mentioned, stand the peers of 
many wdio were college-bred? The fact must be 
that the boys of that olden time felt the impor- 
tance of learning, were imbued with the idea that 
education is an important factor in the struggle 
for wealth and distinction, and they determined at 
least to give the teacher a fair chance. 

Young Webster followed the course pursued by 
all the country lads in his neighborhood. attended 



school in the winter season, and then devoted his 
boyhood and young manhood in aiding his father 
in the management of the farm. This continued 
until he reached his twentieth year when the ac- 
tive personal duties of his life were entered upon. 
\t first he devoted two years to railroading, acting 
as superintendent in the construction of a line. 
Then followed an interval of hotel-keeping in 
Boston, and this episode was followed by a break 
in all the old established relation- of his life. 
Like many other young men. especially those of 
Yankee birth, he wanted a wider Held of opera- 
tions than an} thai the old home offered to her 
sons, and he profited by the advice that Horace 
l.reeley was SO often giving in that day. lie went 
to the West at the age of twenty-live, and at first 
settled in Detroit. Here he remained for seven 
years engaged in commercial pursuits, and then. 
believing that the lumber business presaged fame 
ami fortune in the future for himself , he journeyed 
north to Saginaw City, in the same state, in 1856, 
and remained there ten years, since when Easl Sag- 
inaw ha- been his home. 

Mr. Webster's lirst important venture in this 
direction was to unite himself in partnership 
with Myron Butman, of Saginaw City, and then 
to purchase a sawmill at Zilwaukie, on the Saginaw 
River. and to operate the same. They were among 
the pioneers in the salt-making business, putting 
down the second or third well, an industry then 
in its infancy, bu< it has since become one of the 
most important in the land. A salt block was built 
and operated in connection with the mill just al- 
luded to. Mr. Webster retained his interest in this 
property bu1 a few years and then having sold the 
property his active mind needed further employ- 
ment. This he secured by erecting another mill 
and salt-block at Carrollton. a short distance only 
from the scene of his former labors, and this prop- 
erty he operated successfully alone for several 
years. In time he sold hi- Carrollton plant ami 
built another mill and salt-block a1 Baj City. He 
retained his interest in this venture for some five 
year- and then -old out only to re-engage in the 
same business at Portsmouth, near Bay City, where 
he erected another mill ami established the neces- 
sary -alt-works. This property, too. he disposedof 

after having established it permanently. His mind 
was of unceasing activity, needing employment 
constantly and finding it fully in these many mic- 
i e— ful endeavora to develop the resources of the 
wonderful land in which he had made his home. 
Since the building and selling of the Portsmouth 
mill in l!S<so Mr. Webster has devoted his time to 
the management of his investment in pine lands. 
He had no predilection for public office, but he has 
always performed a good citizen'.- part by feeling 
an earnest interest in hi- country's welfare. 

Mr. Webster was married at the age of twenty- 
two to Miss Angeline Rice, a daughter of Eli 
Rice, of Bartonville, \'t.; they have but one child. 
a son, Benjamin F., who is now associated with 
him in business. One of Saginaw's most eminent 
citizens gives this estimate of the hold Samuel II. 
Webster possesses upon his fellow-men, and the 
rank accorded to him among them. It was an 
opinion formed on long experience, and it is a 
truthful one. He says: -'Mr. Webster has had the 
happy faculty of being able to so move amougmen 
as to win business success to himself without incur- 
ring the envy or hostility of any. His soiial wavs 
and his kindly manner toward all with whom he 
comes in contact, his hearty appreciation of the 
merits of other-, and his enjoyment in whatever 

brings u' 1 to them: his integrity, which has been 

tried by the vicissitudes of fortune, and found to 
lie sterling and true; all of these things have won 
for him a position among his fellows, which is one 
of t he greatest prizes of life. 


-^ 1' 

/ILLIAM ROESER, a prominent dealer in 
agricultural implements and farm machiii- 
y V cry at Saginaw, is a native of Germany, 
and was bom in January, 1825, at Halle, Prussia. 
where salt was manufactured over one thousand 
years ago at the time of Charles the Great. The 
early days of our subject were passed upon the 
farm where lived his parents, Frederick and Jo- 
hanna (Sehnieder) Roeser, and his education was 

gleaned from the text I ks of the schools of 

Halle. For four years he was a student in the fa- 



mous colleges of that city and to say thai he availed 
himself to the utmost of the opportunities for men- 
tal research offered to him, is bul stating what 
actually occurred. 

At the agi of seventeen years, the school days 
Of Mr. Roeser wwi- brought to a close liv his en- 
trance into the mercantile business as ah apprentice 
in a large establishment, where he remained for a 
period of three years and acquired an understand- 
ing of all departments of the business. At the 
expiration of his apprenticeship he accepted the 
position of clerk and bookkeeper in the same es- 
tablishment two years, and other firms until 1850, 
when in company with his two elder brothers, Gus- 
tavus and Otto, he sailed for the United States, 
landing in New York City. 

Arriving in tins country, yonng Roeser at once 
came West making his first stop at Detroit and 
coming thence to Saginaw, where lie met a former 
acquaintance in the person of the Rev. Mr. Sivers. 
In June, 1850, he settled on a piece of hind in 
Tittabawassee Township, when that region was an 
unbroken forest and only thinly settled along the 
river and the woods an Indian hunting ground. 
lie commenced to clear away the trees and to cul- 
tivate the -oil In 1855 lie established a general 
stent- in Freeland, a village which he platted and 
laid out. and earned on merchandising in connec- 
tion with farming pur-nits. In L886 he sustained 
a severe loss in the destruction of his store by lire, 
with but small insurance. During his residence in 
Tittabawassee Township he held the following 
ottiees: Township Clerk for twelve years; Justice 
of the Peace for twenty-seven years; Treasurer two 
years and Supervisor for ten years, and was serving 
in the latter capacity at the time of his removal. 

In L888 Mr. Roeser removed to Saginaw where 
hi- present business was established in 1K80, in 
which he has built up a large patronage. He was 
married in 1851 to Miss Theresa, daughter of Au- 
gusl Von Vasold, a German of noble birth, and 

they arc the parents of tin- following children: 
( (sear, merchant of Grand Island, Neb.; Herman, a 
fanner; William, who is in business with his father; 
Clara, wife of E. Solms; Charles L., who was horn 
in Tittabawassee Township, April 9,1861, and is 
now in partner-hip with his father: Francis and 

Albert, who both reside in < trand Island, Neb.; and 
Frederick, who is at home .Mr. Roeser has taken 
into partnership his son. Charles L.. an active and 
stirring young business man. who is also Registrar 

of Deeds of SaginawC ty. The linn carries an 

excellent variety and quality of stock, and owns a 
fine building and sheds for the storage of their 

g Is several hundred feet long. 

When the Republican parly was organized in 
1854, Mr. Roeser joined its ranks and has since 
been a devoted adherent lo its principles. For 
several years he was President of the German pio- 
neer Society and of the Teutonia Society of Sag- 
inaw. His pleasant home at No. 107 S. Harrison 
Street, is the center of a happy and hospitable 
home life. 

i I i ' 


/^IIARI.F.S McLELLAN. Of the farmers in 
(l ^ the populous and well-to-do Township of 

V_/ Saginaw, none are more eminently lilted 
for the position of leader than he whose name ap- 
pear- above. His native intelligence is quickened 
by a progressive tendency that naturally pushes 
him to the fore, lie is one of the largest farmers 
in the township and moreover a native of the place 
upon which he now lives. He was born June 30, 
1848, and is a son of Benjamin and Emeliue 
(Palmer) McLellan. The former was a native of 
New Hampshire and was born October IK. 1813. 
He still survives and makes his home in this town- 
ship with hi- son-in-law, James A. Slocum. Our 
subject's mother was born June 5, 11S27. She 
died December 13. 1890. 

Benjamin McLellan came to Michigan in 1834, 
and was one of the first settlers in this locality. 
He walked fromDetroit to this place, following an 
Indian trail from Flint to Saginaw. II was one 
vast wilderness anil inhabited only by Indians. 
bear-, deer and a very occasional white settler. He 
was in very limited circumstances al the time and 
bought from the Government the tract of land 
upon which our subject now lives. There wa- a 
h>n cabin and about ten acres cleared and lie began 
the arduous ta-k of clearing a farm, meantime liv- 



ing on intimate terms with the Indians. By care- 
ful management and hard work he secured four 
hundred acres of land, much of which was cleared 
and improved; this was ultimately divided betwi en 
his children. Both he and his wife were devoted 
Christian people and belonged to the Presbyterian 
Church. They were the parents of nine children, 
six of whom are living at the present time, ami 
whose names are: Charles, Frank, Clara. Ella. Will 
and John. The deceased children are Jenny, 
Nelson and Amanda. 

Our subject was reared upon the farm where he 
now lives. The rudiments of his education were 
attained al the district school in the vicinity and 
his acquirements there were supplemented h\ six 
months in the Bryant A' Stratton Busines> College 
of Detroit. lie began for himself at twenty-four 
years of age. Mr. McLellan was married, October 
3, 1872, to Emily J. Chapin. who was born in 
Grand Blanc, Genesee County, January 26. 1842, 
her parents being early settlers in that county. 
Three children have been born to these parents. 
They are Bertha, Benjamin and Winnie. 

Mr. McLellan lias a fine farm of two bundled 
and thirty acres, mosl of which is under excellent 
cultivation. lie raises a large quantity of grain 
and pays considerable attention to the raising of 
graded stock. He lias a neat and attractive and 
well-furnished home that is greatly to the credit 
.of its owner and the township. Mr. McLellan and 
his amiable wife are members of the First Presby- 
terian Church of Saginaw. Our subject is a Re- 
publican in his political creed. 

to be able to present here a sketch 
farmer and stock-raiser, residing on 
section :!:!. Chesaning Township. Saginaw County, 
whose ability and character have made him widely 
known throughout this section of country. He 
was born in Madison County. N. Y., September 2(1. 
1829, and is a son of Hiram and Julia (Tousley) 
Knickerbocker, the father being a native of Con- 

^fj of this 

necticut, of Holland stock, and the mother a native 
of the Empire State. 

Our subject was brought up upon the farm and 
received from his father thorough training in farm 
duties and early developed a taste for mechanics 
which has made him useful in other lines of work. 
He received a good common-school education and 
attended the Union school at Morrisville, after 
which he took a High School course but did not 
graduate. After reaching his eighteenth year he 
followed work upon the Erie Canal for some twelve 
years beginning at the lowest round of the ladder 
and rising to the position of a captain, in which 
place he served for four years. 

In the spring of 1862 the young man came West 
and locating in Saginaw began to work at carpentry 
which he followed for two years, after which he 
undertook the manufacture of salt and was one of 
the originators of the method of manufacturing 
that useful commodity by the steam process, ami 
in fact was the first man to make a success of that 
process. He was at that time in the employ of 
Sears & Holland, of East Saginaw and remained 
with that firm for nine years. lie then went into 
the employ of C. & E. TenEyck, also manufactur- 
ers of salt and during the five years he was with 
them introduced his method. He was also the 
original inventor of the process for cleansing dairy 
salt. He did not take out a [latent but it has been 
patented since by J. W. Bartow. After leaving the 
firm with which he had been for sometime he was 
for one 3'ear in the employ of Warner A- Eastman. 

In the spring of 1880 Mr. Knickerbocker bought 
his present farm of eighty acres and upon it he has 
placed substantial improvements and has cleared 
and placed under cultivation all that was uncleared 
at the time he took it. He was married March 20, 
1871, to Miss Amelia Carlton, who was born in 
Birmingham. ( lakland County, Mich., in November, 
1840. She is a daughter of Richard and Elizabeth 
(Davison) Carlton. To them has been born one 
interesting daughter. Nellie, her natal day being 
August III. 1878. 

The Democratic party in its declarations ex- 
presses the views of our subject on political affairs 
but he cannot be called a politician. He-is a mem- 
ber of the Order of Odd Fellows and has served 

/JlSL*~/ ZZt^L~- J : trjL.<^-^ 





as delegate to the Grand Lodge besides filling all 
the chairs in the Subordinate Lodge. He has a 
knack for turning bis hand to almost anything in 
the line of mechanics and is often called upon to 
set up and repair engines. 




j |g^^ .> 

resentative attorney of Saginaw was born 
in Mbrehouseville, Hamilton County, N.Y., 

December 9, lis 4'.). At an early aye he came 
with his father and mother, George II. and Margaret 
(McMillen) Durand, to this state. They settled 
first in Genesee County, whence they came in 1863 
to Saginaw, and here our subject has since made 
his home. His early life was spent upon the farm 
and his education was begun in the primitive dis- 
trict schoolhouse, and completed in the public 
schools of Saginaw. 

When his school days were finished Mr. Durand 
turned his attention to the study of law, entering 
the office of Webber & Smith, who were then 
among the leading law firms of the Saginaw Val- 
ley. He remained with them for several years learn- 
ing the practical details of office business as well 
as devoting a great deal of time to the study of 
authorities, and then entered Michigan University, 
from which he graduated in 1H70. Upon leaving 
the University he became the assistant of the Hon. 
Dwight May, Attorney-General of the State. Be- 
ing a close student and a hard worker these oppor- 
tunities furnished that splendid legal training and 
knowledge which has contributed so largely to his 
success at the bar. 

In 1*7* Mr. Durand was elected on the Demo- 
cratic ticket to the office of Prosecuting Attorney of 
Saginaw County. He was then only twenty-eight 
years old, but gave so good satisfaction that he se- 
cured his re-election at the expiratb n of his term, 
and this was both times by a handsome majority 
in a county which had been considered reliably 
Republican. His skillful and efficient discharge of 
that trust won for him an enviable record. 

Mr. Durand has been repeatedly urged to accept 
a nomination for Congress and at the last Demo- 

cratic state Convention his name would have been 
presented for the position of Attorney-General had 

he given his consent. 1'p to the present time, 
however, he has chosen to be a worker in the ranks 
of his party and to devote his energies and his 
talent- to bis chosen profession in which he has 
limit up an extensive and lucrative practice and 
which he adorns as one of the best counselors and 
advocates of the Saginaw Bar. 1 1 is law library is 
large and extensive. 

In addition to a large clientage Mr. Durand holds 
the special positions of President and Attorney of 
the Central Bridge Company. He is also Vice- 
President and Attorney of the Saginaw Union 
Street Railway, one of the leading electric roads of 
the State and is Vice-President and Attorney of 
the Saginaw County Savings Bank, one of the 
strongest among the recently established banks in 
the Valley. He was unanimously chosen recently 
by the Mayor and the Common Council to fill the 
long term as member of the Board of Public Works. 

In 1X72 .Mr. Durand was married to Miss Florence 
0., daughter of the Hon. John Moore, formerly 
Circuit Judge of this district. They have one 
daughter, Carrie M., who was graduated from the 
Saginaw High School in the Class of '91. Mr. 
Durand is one of the leading Masons of the State 
and has been Eminenl Commander of St. Bernard 
Commandery for three terms. He is a gentleman 
endowed with the gift of making friends and is 
exceedingly popular with all classes. As a lawyer, 
citizen and friend, hi' is held in high esteem and 
has a broad influence. His portrait is presented 
in connection with this sketch. 

- •5"5"i"i" 

(| MLLIAM L. NIEMANN. This prominent 

\/lJ/i . y,,,m " man ' s one ot ""' Des * known citi- 
W^J zens of Bay City, and is engaged in the 
manufacture of cigars at No. 609 Harrison Street, 
besides carrying on a wholesale and retail trade in 
the same line. He was born in Chicago, January 2ii. 
I860, and his father, William, who was born in 
Germany, came to America previous to his mar- 
riage,and engaged in the cigar manufacturing busi- 



ness in Chicago. There he had a successful busi- 
ness until lie was burned out in the great fire of 
1871. but after this disaster he at once resumed 
operations, and built a block of buildings on a 
business street. He died September 2(5, 1890, leav- 
ing his widow, Elizabeth (Hill) Niemann, in Chi- 
cago. She also was born in Germany, and is a 
Lutheran in her religious belief, as was also her 
husband. Three of their four children are still 
living, and our subject is the eldest of the family. 

William L. Niemann was educated first in a pri- 
vate school, and afterward in the German-Ameri- 
can Institute of Chicago. From early boyhood he 
worked with his father, and at the age of nine had 
mastered a good deal of the business. At the age 
of fifteen he began working at the trade as a steady 
occupation, and remained with his father for three 
years, after which he engaged in the same work in 
Milwaukee for three years, lie distinctly remem- 
bers the great lire, as he was then a lad of eleven 
years, and was right in the midst of it. 

In 1881 he came to Michigan and worked at his 
trade at Detroit, Pontiae and < Iwosso, and the fol- 
lowing year came to Bay City, and for seven years 
worked for Beebe & Braddock, and when the firm 
changed, continued for Braddock, Bateman A- Co. 
In 1888 he went to West Bay City, and started a 
factory, taking George Bauers for his partner. 
This firm of Bauers & Niemann continued for more 
than a year, and then our subject sold out his in- 
terest to Mr. Oustherhoust, and located here, start- 
ing this factory and entering into partnership 
with .lames Mellon, under the firm name of Nie- 
mann >v Mellon. In January, 1891, our subject 
bought out his partner's interest, and became sole 
proprietor, and is carrying on a successful business. 
employing some four or five men constantly. The 
favorite brands which he produces are: the "X. & 
M." '-The Little Phil." "Pearls" and "Oklahoma." 

Mr. Niemann was married in Bay City in 1884, 
to Miss Emma, daughter of Ansel W. Watrous, who 
came here from the South in 1861, and established 
himself as a cabinet-maker. This lady was born in 
Bay City, and she is now the mother of one beauti- 
ful child, Bessie. Mr. Niemann was Constable for 
four years, and has been frequently made delegate 
to Democratic county conventions, lie is a mem- 

ber of the Cigar-makers International Union No. 
184, and belongs to the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, the Knights of the Maccabees and the 
Arbeiter Society, lie is popular, not only in busi- 
ness but in social circles, and is active in promoting 
the welfare of the city. 


<* IVILL1AM .1. LOVELAM). This well-known 
\r\]f and highly esteemed citizen of Saginaw, 
Ww who is still carrying on his profession as 
attoraey-at-law, was born in Norwich, Windsor 
County. \'t., November 11, 1823. His parents. 
William and Sarah (Hutchinson) Loveland. had a 
family of eight children, and carried on a farm in 
Vermont. The father died in his native State. On 
both sides of the family there is a noble, patriotic 
record, as Joseph Loveland, the father of William, 
St'., was one of the .Minute Men of the Revolution. 
and the grandfather. Hutchinson, was also an ac- 
tive patriot and was a member of the company 
that had quarters at the blockade at Bethel, a town 
adjoining Royalton, and in company with his 
troops pursued the enemy after the burning of and 
massacre at Royalton. 

Our subject attended the district school and 
spent his boyhood days in his native county, and 
in 18-11 entered Kimball Union Academy, where he 
spent three years. lie subsequently entered Dart- 
mouth College, from which he was graduated in 
1848, and at once took up the study of law. which 
he pursued with vigor and perseverance, and was 
admitted to the bar in Windsor County, Vt., in 

The opening practice of the young attorney was 
in his native home, and he afterward removed to 
Lexington, Sanilac County, Mich., then spent two 
years in Tuscola County. It was in 185(1 that he 
removed to Saginaw, which he has ever since made 
the scene of his legal practice, and when- he has 
built up an excellent clientage. This able and ac- 
tive practitioner has devoted forty-one years to 
his profession and is esteemed as one of the reliable 
attornej^s in this part of the State. 

The popularity with which Mr. Loveland has 



been regarded in Saginaw, is indicated by the fad 
that he was elected Justice of the Peace for two 
terms, and also Circuit Court Commissioner. In 
both of these positions he proved himself of greal 
value to the community, and in his quiet unosten- 
tatious way he has ever aided in maintaining true 
principles and the dignity o.f the law. In politic- 
he is a stanch Republican, and has been for many 

The marriage of Mr. Loveland 1<> Miss Susan 
Nelson Briggs took place in 1K67. This lady is 
a lineal descendant of Miles Standish. She was 
horn in Middleborough. Plymouth County. Mass., 
and is a daughter of the late Ebenezer Briggs, who 
was a native of Massachusetts. The pleasant home 
of this couple is at No. 1619 North Michigan Ave- 
nue on the West Side of the city. 



' resident of West Bay City has been very ac- 
tive in all public matters, especially in the 
fire department, which he organized, and it 
is now recognized as one of the best in the State. 
He is still Chief of that department and Superin- 
tendent of the AVesl Bay City Water-works, and he 
has in past years filled the offices of both Alderman 
and Mayor. 

Mr. Plummer was bom in China, Me., February 
17. 1835, and remained there until after he had 
completed twenty years of life. His father, the 
Hon. Samuel Plummer was born in Whitefield,Me., 
and his grandfather, John, was an Englishman who 
came to this country and settled in the Pine Tree 
State when a young man. There he was married 
and settled upon the farm in Whitefield, and after- 
ward in China. He was a soldier in the British 
army and was thus brought to America during the 
Revolutionary War. He became a thorough Amer- 
ican in his feelings and took part on flic side of 
the Patriots during the War of 1*12. 

The father of our subject carried on a large farm 
of two hundred acres and was also in the milling 
business. He was the Treasurer of his township, 
and during several terms was a n ember of the 

Maine Legislature, lie died in 1888 at flic- age of 
eighty-four, lie has two brothers still Iiving,John 
M., eighty-seven and A. F., eighty-five years old. 
His early political views were in harmony with the 
Whig party and later he became a Republican, and 
in religious matters he was an Episcopalian. The 
mother was Iluldah. daughter of James Gray, and 
was born in Litchfield, Me. The family claims the 
best blue blood of Massachusetts. Mrs. Iluldah 
Plummer lived to complete eighty-one years of life 
and died in 1887. She had six children ; one of 
her sons, Charles II., was a member of the Second 
Maine Regiment, and served for two years in the 
Civil War. 

The district school and the duties of farm life 
afforded occupation for our subject during his 
earlier years, and after he reached the age of 
twenty-one he was engaged in lumbering on the 
Penobscot River. He always avoided Legal com- 
plications and never sued or was sued. In June, 
1866, he came to West Bay City and entered the 
employ of Sage, McGraw >V- Co.. as their head saw- 
\ei and in 1X69 he became the Superintendent of 
the Sage Mills, continuing thus until 1876 when 
he started in business for himself, lie bought out 
James Monroe and entered into partnership with 
E. T. Carrington under the firm name of Canine- 
ton & Plummer, doing a dock and commission 
business in wood, produce and brick. 

Two years later Mi'. Plummer disposed of his 
interest in the business but continued lumbering 
on the Tittabawassee River and superintending 
lumbering camps for several years. He was instru- 
mental in organizing the city government in 1866 
ami has been connected with i f in one way or 
another most of the time since. He became Alder- 
man in 1870 and continued in that position for 
many years, being at one lime President of the 
Council. In 1886 he was nominated and elected 
to the Mayoralty on the Democratic ticket and 
served for two years, besides completing one un- 
expired term of S.O.Fisher. For over twelve 
years he was on the Board of Aldermen, and has 
been instrumental in building up the city. 

Mr. Plummer organized the fire department in 
1871. bought the old steamer •■Defiance" and has 
kept it for years as a volunteer service. For years 



he was also Chief of the Are department, and in 
1891 he again accepted that position and he has 
also been successful as Superintendent of the Water- 
works, of which West Bay City has an excellent 
system. The State Insurance Adjuster states that 
this city lias a< good a lire department as there is in 
the State. 

Our subjeel was married at China, Me., in 1854, 
to Miss Addie Pratt, a native of Windsor. Me. Mr. 
Plummer is a Democrat in his political views and 
has been Chairman of the City and Ward Com- 
mittee, as well as delegate to county and State 
conventions. He is a member of the Royal Ar- 
canum, in which organization he acts as Trustee. 

ffiOHN ARMSTRONG, who is now counted as 
among the oldest settlers of Birch Run 
Township, Saginaw County, is a native of 
Cumberland County. England, and was 
born August 2, 1808. His parents were John and 
Dorothy (Thompson) Armstrong. He was married 
in his native country. where he had been from early 
boyhood engaged in agriculture: His schooling 
was taken in the English pay-schools, but he never 
was able to attend them after he was eight years old. 
His marriage in 1830 united Mr. Armstrong with 
Ruth Hutton,who became the mother of six children, 
three of whom are still living, namely: James, 
David and Hannah. The daughter is now the wife 
of Benjamin Bauker. The mother of these children 
was called from earth in 1841. In 1853 our sub- 
ject was married to Rebecca Pearce, a native of 
Worcestershire, England, she was born June It. 
1818, and is a daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth 
(Miles) Pearce. both of whom were natives of Eng- 
land. Mrs. Armstrong became the wife of our sub- 
ject in Toronto, Canada. She had migrated with 
her parents to Canada in 1829, and there had her 
education and training. 

It was in 1841 that Mr. Armstrong came to this 
country with his first wife and their live children. 
and after a voyage of five weeks and one day they 
landed in Quebec. Canada remained the family 

home until 18)!), when our subject came to Sagi- 
naw County. Mich., and in 18f>:5 he settled in his 
present home, where he and his family found many 
hardships to encounter. In those early days the 
deer used to come frequently to the door of their 
log cabin. 

Mr. Armstrong has served as Highway Commis- 
sioner, and is a Republican in his political views. 
He and his good wife are esteemed as among the 
representative pioneers of the county. They own 
one hundred and seventeen acres of line land. 
which have been accumulated through years of un- 
remitting toil. While he was a resident of Toronto. 
he and a Scotchman. William Douglass by name, 
formed the first lodge of Odd Fellows in that city, 
and it is said to be one of the very first that was 
formed in Canada. "Uncle John." as he is famil- 
iarly known in Birch Run Township, is one of the 
most interesting characters, historically, in the Sag- 
inaw Valley; his venerable face and form are 
known far and wide, and his presence is hailed 
with genuine delight at all social gatherings. By 
a long life of devotion to duty, which has been ac- 
companied by a kindly interest in his neighbors, 
he has earned the good will of all who know him. 

[TLIUS W. LPPEL. No more popular busi- 
ness man is to be found in Saginaw than 
he whose name stands at the head of this 
sketch. His personal friends are legion and 
his business acquaintances appreciate most highly 
the gentlemanly, courteous business manager. The 
store recently opened by Mr. Ippel has quickly 
taken a front rank in the opinion of buyers, and 
though established only a few months his cus- 
tomers are numbered among tie- best families, and 
the well selected line of goods and the courtesy 
accorded each shopper. whether a purchaser or not. 
ensures success in the endeavor. Eight years 
spent as business manager for Mr. Bauman gives 
Mr. Ippel a wide experience in buying and in 
meeting the demands of the city trade. 

J. W. Ippel was born at West Bend, Wis., August 
:in. 1861, and is the son of George and Agnes 

:>■• . ■ 




(Cash') [ppcl. The father was engaged in gen 
era! merchandise, and in 1868 engaged in the 
grocery business and continued therein until his 
death. The father was from Bin gen, <>n the Rhine 
and the mother was a native of Switzerland, and 
is still living in Saginaw. She has two children; 
her daughter. Mrs. John A. Wirth, resides in 
Saginaw City. 

At the aye of seventeen our subject went to 
Milwaukee to engage in the mercantile business 
and after nearly two years entered the diy-goods 
establishment of Jacob Baumau and remained with 
him fur twelve years, during eight years of that 
time being manager oi the business, and frequently 
going to New York to attend to the affairs of the 
firm, and helped to push outside interests, open- 
ing a branch store at St. Louis, Mich. The pres- 
ent business enterprise of our subject, which was 
Opened in October, l<891, is doing finely and is 
conducted on a strictly cash liasi>. 

The marriage of .Mr. Ippcl took place April 21, 
1891, and he was then united to Miss Anna C, 
daughter of Eugene Rigler, a druggist of this city. 
This interesting and accomplished lady was born 
in Saginaw and was educated in the High School 
here. She takes a deep interest ill her husband 's 
business matters and her experience in Mr. Ban- 
man's store, where she was employed for some 
time, makes her his capable assistant in the new 
Store. He is a Republican in his political views. 

i >2„;..$.;j.r= 

APT. JAMES K. I. IKK. Pleasure-seekers 

of Bay City and vicinity entertain the 
most delightful recollections of the steam 
yacht " Laura," which, during the summer seasons 
plies the waters of Lake Huron and brings to its 
passengers a pleasant release from the noise and 
heat of the crowded city. Tin' " Laura," which is 
a passenger vessel of twenty-two tons, is manned 
with a splendid crew, and is owned and run by 
('apt. Like, as an excursion boat. The Captain is 
also engaged as a contractor of iron work in 
Wheeler's ship-yards, and is a line iron-worker as 
well as a prad ical machinist. 
Capt. Like traces hi- ancestry to Holland, whence, 

at an early day, members of the Like family emi- 
grated to America. Grandfather Abraham Like 
was born in Athens. N. Y.. and was a farmer at 
Hudson, removing from thai place in L865 to 
Minnesota, where he engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits at Kasson until his death, in 1887. He pos- 
sessed a tine physique, weighing two hundred and 
twenty-five pounds, and was over six feet in height. 
Nor were his mental abilities inferior to his physi- 
cal development, and he was widely known and 
universally revered as an upright man and public- 
spirited citizen. The blood of good old Revolu- 
tionary patriots flowed in his veins, nor was the 
honored name of the family ever tarnished by any 
act of his. He came of a long-lived family, his 
mother, who was a Scutt, of Rhode Island, attaining 
to the great age of one hundred and thirteen years, 
while he reached the ripe age of ninety-six years. 

James E., father of our subject, was born in 
Hudson, N. Y.. and became a boiler-manufacturer 
and practical machinist. During the Civil Wat- 
tie had a shop in Geneva, but as he most earnestly 
desired to enlist in the service of his country, he 
offered a man $1,000 to take charge of his shop so 
that he would be free to go the front. The Gov- 
ernment, having a contract with him, would not 
take him on draft. In 1866 he came to Bay City, 
where he built a shop on the corner of Eleventh 
and Saginaw Streets, and, that place burning down 
in 1867, he rebuilt the following year. Some years 
Later he sold out and built a boiler shop on the 
corner of Water and Ann Streets, running- 
it under the name of Like & ( ompany, and selling 
in 18*7 in order that lie might retire from busi- 

The spring of 1891 marked the removal of James 
E. Like. Sr., from Bay City to Minnesota, where 
he settled on his farm, near Kasson, and is there 
at the present time, engaged in cultivating its two 
hundred and thirty-four acres. At the age of 
sixty-six years he is in splendid health and having 
a good constitution, bids fair to attain to a 
rounded old age. In his political sentiments he 
is a firm adherent of the principles of the Republi- 
can party, and the Methodist Episcopal Church 
claims him as one of its earnest and active mem- 
bers. In lHf'u he was bereaved by the death of 



his wife, who was known in maidenhood as Sarah 
E. Plass, and was born in Chatham, X. Y.. her fa- 
ther having been one of the prominent farmers of 
Columbia County. Our subject is one of seven 
children, four of whom still survive, namely: 
James E., Jr.. of this sketch; Hattie, Mrs. J. H.Wells, 
who resides in Constantine, this State; Smith Gor- 
don, whose home is in New York, and Julia, wife 
of Horace Leadbetter, of Flint, Mich. 

The early recollections of our subject arc asso- 
ciated with Hay City, as he accompanied his pa- 
rents hither at the age of six years. His native 
State, however, was New York, where he was born, 
in Geneva, April 10, 1860. When he came hither 
Bay City was a small hamlet, without a single 
brick block and destitute of the fine improvements 
which to-day (dace it among the principal cities of 
Michigan. The common -school education which 
he received was brought to a close at the age of 
fourteen years, when he commenced to learn his 
trade. He soon became a practical machinist and 
received wages according to his ability, earning as 
much as #2.25 per day when a mere lad. His work 
was principally obtained here, although at time he 
was in Erie, Pa., and in other places. He became 
a member of the linn of Like & Company when 
only fourteen, and in 1887 he bought out his fa- 
ther's interest and closed the shop. He then came 
to West Bay City, where he began contracting 
ship work in Wheeler's ship-yards, and has since 
been engaged in that way. lie lias assisted in fin- 
ishing fifty or more vessels and has an enviable 
reputation as a reliable workman. 

The residence of the Captain i- located at No. 
305 State Street, and is presided over by the lad\ 
who, since 1883, has been his efficient helpmate. 
Miss Laura Textor, as she was known in maiden- 
hood, was born in Stratford, Canada, and is the 
daughter of Charles Textor, a native of Germany, 
who came to Canada from his native land, and 
later established a home in Hay City. He was one 
of the finest sculptors and artists in the LTnited 
States, and his death, in 1890, brought testimonies 
of regret from the members of the profession 
throughout the country. Capt. and Mrs. Like arc 
the parents of two children. Arthur and Carl. 

The political belief of our subject lias brought 

him into close affiliation with the Republican 
party, to which lie is strongly attached. He has 
served as a delegate to county and State conven- 
tions, and is a member of the ward committee. lie 
belongs to the Masonic fraternity, the Order of 
Maccabees, No. 194, Hay Commandery, and is 
Commander of Ray Division No. 10, Uniformed 
Rank K. 0. T. M., and also Captain of the Di- 

A lithographic portrait of Capt. Like accom- 
panies this sketch of his life. 

i — ! DWARD SMITH. A worthy representative 

J|— y of one of the grandest classes — the agricul- 
*_ - -? tural — our subject is making the most of 
his life and the resources of his line tract of land, 
which is located on section 20, Chesaning Town- 
ship. Saginaw County, and which comprises one 
hundred and fifty acres. Mr. Smith was born in 
Walpole, Mass.. August I*. 1830, and is a son of 
William and Eliza (Hoyden) Smith, the former a 
native of Massachusetts and the latter of New 
Hampshire. Our subject's father came to Michi- 
gan in the fall of L 842, and purchased his tract of 
land here of O. S. Chapman, beginning as a pioneer, 
forthe land was entirely wild and there were no 
roads traversing it. 

Our subject was about twelve years of age on 
coming to this locality. He helped to clear and 
improve the farm. Their first home was a board 
house 111x2 1 feel in dimensions. They afterward 
tore that down ill order to make room for a more 
commodious residence. Edward was one of a fam- 
ily of six boys and one girl, all of whom are still 
living, with the exception of the oldest brother, 
who at his death left two children. Two of our 
subject's brothers, William and James, were in the 
a run . 

The original of this sketch managed to pick up a 
common-school education, attending three winters 
in ( Iwosso. He began to do for himself at the age 
of twenty-one, taking jobs of lumbering. When 
twenty-two years of age he purchased forty acres 



of land near Chesaning, which he afterward sold 
and purchased his present home. IK- has at various 
times owned a number of tracts of hind, lie had 
nothing given him to help him begin Ins business 
career, and what he now lias he lias made himself. 
Our subject did not leave the bachelor ranks un- 
til about forty years of aire, lie was married 
April 28, 1872, to Miss Alice Smith, who was no 
relation, however, to her husband. She was horn 
in Oakland County March 1. L 850, and reared in 
the same county. Our subject takes pride in the 
fact that he is a stanch Democrat, lie has been 
School Inspector and Highway Commissioner. 
While he is liberal in his religious views, his wife 
is a believer in the doctrine as held by the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church. 




Among the clergymen of Bay City, none 

has been here so many years as Mr. Parten- 
^) fclder, and none deserves more favorable 
mention as a Christian worker of experience and 
ability, a genial true-hearted friend and a man of 
learning and public-spirit. Delias been since 1808 
the pastor of the German Evangelical-Lutheran 
Church, which is established upon the foundation 
of the unaltered Augsburg Confession. Since com- 
ing here he has been an efficient and active citizen 
in forwarding every enterprise both public and 
private, which he believes will conduce to the 
prosperity of the town. 

Mr. Partenfelder was burn August 5, 1843, near 
Kulmbach, Bavaria, Germany, where his father. 
Andrew, and bis grandfather Henry were shoe- 
makers. The father was the only son of an only 
son. When he brought bis family to America in 
18.V2 be was #2.Vi in debt, but he began working at 
once on the plank road in Saginaw at fifty cents a 
day until he was taken with ague, and after his 
recovery he engaged with a shoemaker, and later 
had a shop of his own at Saginaw. His eyes failed 
and he retired from that business and began a small 
dairy, which he carried on until the death of his 
wife, after which sad event he returned with his 

children to Bay City where he is now living at the 
age of eighty. 

The father is a man of intelligence and a great 
reader, a valued citizen, and a stanch member of 
the Lutheran Church. In his political views he is 
in alliance with the Democratic party. His wife 
who died at. Saginaw in 1882, bore the maiden 
name of Kunigunde Graebner and was born in 
Germany. Her father, John , who was a tailor by 
trade was also a fine musician and could perform 
upon various instruments. 

The parents of our subject had four sons and 
one daughter, namely, Conrad, who died at the age 
of seventeen; John Henry Philip; our subject; 
Catherine, who died at the age of nine; Henry 
is employed in the cracker factory at Bay City, and 
Prof. John Partenfelder is a teacher in Milwaukee. 
The son John Henry was eight years old when he 
left Germany in 1852, and he there received a good 
public school education, and after coming here at- 
tended German schools until he reached the age of 
fourteen. He was then confirmed, and left school. 
and for nine months was with his father, working 
at the shoemaker's trade. 

In 1858 the young man entered the Concordia 
College at St. Louis, .Mo., and there studied until 
18(51, at which time the college was removed to 
Ft. Wayne, Ind. and he went there and continued 
under its instructions until 18(!,"). when he gradu- 
ated. During the Civil War he earnestly desired 
to join the army, but was dissuaded by parents 
and teachers. He then look three years of study 
at the Concordia Theological Seminary in St. 
Louis, Mo., and after graduating in 18(i8 came to 
Bay City as pastor, and was here ordained, and 
began his labors. He had only a small church of 
twenty members, but he has built it up to a large 
church and congregation. 

In 188:5 Mr. Partenfelder 's congregation secured 
the site, which is now owned 1>\ his church and 
built a schoolhoiise and teachers' residence and par- 
sonage, and in 1890 built the church, which was 
dedicated August 31, 1890. The congregation now 
includes one hundred and forty families and about 
one thousand souls.'* During his early years here 
he taught school in order to help himself along, 
and to build up educational advantages for bis 



people, lie is a member of the Michigan district 
of the Missouri Synod, and of the Home and For- 
eign Missionary Committee, and has just closed a 
successful conference in his church here. 

Our subject was married in L8G9 to Miss Bar- 
bara Kann, a native of the United States who died 
in 1874, leaving' one son Ernest, who is now a 
member of the Class of '94 of the Concordia Sem- 
inary. Mr. Partenf elder's second marriage took 
place in Norris, Wayne County, this State in 187;"), 
and united him with Miss Emma, daughter of Rev. 
George Speckhart, who was born in Germany, and 
was there a teacher of the deaf and dumb. After 
coming to America he became a Lutheran minis- 
ter, and continued in that work until he was called 
to establish the Asylum for the Deaf and Dumb of 
which he was the President and Superintendent 
until his death. This is a successful and quite re- 
nowned institution and the only one of its kind in 
the United States under the care of the German 
Lutherans, and in it the children are taught to 
speak. Of the eight children of our subject by his 
second marriage, six are living, namely. Walter. 
Lothair, Edwin, Bernard, Alma, and Louisa. 



\f? OHN BURKHARD GOETZ, who has a line 
establishment as a florist at No. 2165 Macki- 
naw Street, Saginaw, established the business 
i"n the spring of 1H7'.», securing at that time a 
half acre of unimproved land. I hiring the first year 
he built a small greenhouse measuring 12x'2l feet, 
and his sales amounted to some |200. His invest- 
ment has been about the same each year and he did 
not expect rapid returns, lie was born at Pfaffen- 
dorf, Bavaria, Germany, September 7. 1844. His 
parents, Peter and Katarin (Rithwager) Goetz, 
gave him the best advantages which they could 
secure. Ilis father died in Germany, and he has one 
sister still living at the old homestead in Bavaria. 
At the age of fourteen John began to learn his 
trade and for two years worked at it in Bamberg, 
being with a prominent florist. At Nuremberg he 
was for two years private gardener for a gentleman 
who was in the wholesale business, having charge 

of his fine private garden. He carried on the same 
line of work at Weisenburg. He then spent some 
time in visiting Augsburg, Munich and Wurzburg, 
and finally returned to his own home, expecting 
to come at once to America. He spent some time 
at Nuremberg assisting in decorating the city and 
railway station for the reception of the King of 
Bavaria ami the Emperor of Austria, who were 
travelling together. 

In \Xt\X Mr. Goetz came to America, embarking 
on a vessel at Bremen and landing in New York, 
lie at once secured a position in a vegetable garden 
near Greenfield, N. .1. Later he took a position in 
the greenhouse Of a wealthy gentleman and then 
worked for a florist in Brooklyn, N. Y., familiariz- 
ing himself with all the details of the business as it 
is transacted in America. Having an old friend 
in Saginaw lie was led to come hither and soon be- 
gan business here in a small way. In the meantime 
he secured work in mills and lumber yards to sup- 
port himself, but as soon as possible gave up other 
employments and devoted himself entirely to the 
pursuit of a florist. 

Mr. Goetz has seven large greenhouses, six of 
which are heated by steam and one by hot water, 
and the plant is in all worth some $5,000. He 
makes a specialty of decorating and designing. He 
devotes his entire attention to his constantly in- 
creasing business and is now adding to his space 
and arranging further specialties. He has recently 
established a branch store in East Saginaw, in 
the Utility Block, South Washington Avenue, 
where all kinds of cut flowers and floral designs 
are arranged in the most artistic styles and care- 
fully shipped to any point. 

Mr. Goetz was married in 1878, at Lake Ridge, 
Lenawee County, to Miss Maggie Beland, who 
died in 188 I. Two years later he was united with 
Miss Odelia Zerahm, of Saginaw. By the first 
marriage there were two sons born, Henry and 
Frederick. In political matters Mr. Goetz is a 
Republican, but is so absorbed in his business that 
he pays little attention to political movements. 
This enterprising florist has over eight thousand 
rose plants. His heating apparatus is economically 
and conveniently arranged. His first arrangement 
for heating, the hot smoke flues extending from a 

cirr property. 


tsF- ipf &if ^pi 

HfeJ£aar»^Vi~ J >w.j.'. -rC--.. -^-.--^--^-k--,- - 1 ': t^r..:- '■■^•-JU.'Aaa.^^a^^^- : b?-£3&k£&£Mcsb&£IU9&£ ^ 






71 1 

furnace one hundred feet through the greenhouses 
and ending m an elevation of but a few feet, was 
the wonder of all who saw it and displayed his 
skill and mechanical ingenuity to a remarkable 
degree. A most persistent and energetic man. 
much if not all of the work about his first hoiise.- 
was done by himself and he frequently labored far 
into the night making sash and frames for his 

The attention of the reader is invited to a view 
of the greenhouses owned and managed by Mr. 

--*- -3fc- --*— 

ffiAMES PASSMORE. On section 21, Buena 
Vista Township, Saginaw County, may be 
seen a beautiful twenty-acre farm which is 
adorned with a comfortable residence and 
first-class farm buildings. This property, a view 
of which is presented in another portion of this 
volume, is owned by Mr. Passmore who. in addition 
is the possessor of houses near the city limits of 

Our subject was born in Cornwall, England, 
March 5, 1834. When he was about seven years 
of age his parents emigrated from England and 
made settlement in Montreal. Canada, where they 
remained for five years. Their next removal was 
to Whitby, Ontario County. Canada, where they 
lived until our subject attained his majority. In 
the meantime he had received all the school ad- 
vantages which were possible for his parents to give 
him and grew up to promising young manhood. 
Although he made his home in Canada, he went 
to Rochester. N. Y., at the age of seventeen years 
and learned the trade of a mason, which occupa- 
tion he has followed more or less to the presenl 
time, with signal success. 

Mr. Passmore met his future wife in Canada in 
the person of Miss Amelia Curvel and their nup- 
tials were celebrated in that province July 2(i. 
1855. Mrs. Passmore was born in Lower Canada, 
January '.». 1837. After their marriage the young 
couple Located in Whitby Township. Ontario 
County, Canada, and made that their home for 
eleven years, but in the fall of 1866 thought to 

better their condition by coming to Michigan, and 
upon their removal hither settled in Saginaw. 
Mr. Passmore followed his trade in that city, being 
engaged in building many of the public buildings 
ami finer residences. He remained in the city, 
however, but one year when he was enabled to 
purchase his present place on section 21. where 
they have since resided. 

Mr. and .Mrs. Passmore have become the parents 
of eight children, viz.: Charles I)., Thomas .1.. 
Frances A., Luke .1., Amelia. Nellie. Mary A. and 
James L. ( ha lies I), has followed the same business 
as his lather, and is a mason by trade; Thomas J. is 
a carriage manufacture!'; Frances A. is the wife of 
Robert Law; Luke .1. is in the lumber business; 
Amelia died in childhood; the others are at home. 
The parents of our subject were Thomas and Mary 
(Williams) Passmore. both of who n were natives 
of Cornwall, England, and upon emigrating to 
America, lived in Canada until their death, which 
occurredin Whitby. The father of Mrs. Passmore, 
Luke Curvel, was born in France, and his death 
occurred in Saginaw. Her mother, whose maiden 
name was Frances Ileiino. passed her last days in 
Upper Canada. 

Our subject has been Justice of the Peace for 
four years, and also served acceptably as Overseer 
of Highways. Politically he supports Republican 
principle- with his voice and vote, and is ever 
found to be upon the side of right and justice. 
Mr. and Mrs. Passmore with their daughters are 
conscientious and popular members of the Baptist 
Church, and are vt'vy highly esteemed in the circle 
in which they move. 

f-~ > ZRA F. STARKWEATHER, a prominent 
►=•! and representative citizen of section 33, 
J — * Kirch Run Township. Saginaw County, is a 
native of Ontario County. N. Y.. and was born Oc- 
tober 15, 1824. lie is a son of Hilus and Cather- 
ine (Tucker) starkweather, natives of Vermont 
and New York, respectively. His paternal grand- 
father was a soldier of the War of 1812, and the 
son of a Revolutionary Colonel. 



Our subject passed his boyhood days in his na- 
tive State until he reached the age of fifteen, when 
he went with his pa rents to Delaware County, ( )hio, 
and in 1837 they came to the Wolverine State and 
settled in Oakland County, where they were among 
the earliest pioneers. This remained the family 
Inline for many years. The early education of our 
subject was very limited, and he had few advan- 
tages for study, but improved conscientiously what 
was offered him, and thus secured a good founda- 
tion upon which lie has built in native life. 

Ezra Starkweather and Ruth Weston were mar- 
ried January 30, 1848. This lady was born in 
Oakland County. Mich.. February 1. 1831, and is 
a daughter of Orrin and Mary (Dailey) Weston, 
both natives of New York. They had migrated 1" 
Michigan about the year 1827, and. like the pa- 
rents of our subject, were pioneers of Oakland 
County. They settled in the unbroken forest and 
had to cut a roadway through the trees to their 
farm, as none had ever been made in that direc- 
tion. They were without means, and the hard- 
ships and privations of pioneer life bore heavily 
upon them. They had four daughters, viz: Sarah, 
wife of Joseph Gray; .lane, who married Albert 
Dunning; Mrs. Starkweather, and Elizabeth, who 
is deceased. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Starkweather have been born 
seven children, and six of them are >t i 11 in thi> life. 
They are Charles. Elmer, Prank'. John, Edward. 
Katie, (the wife of W. A. Forbes), and George 
(deceased). In thespringof 1863 Mr. Starkweather 
brought his family to Saginaw County, and took 
up his residence in the City of Saginaw, and con- 
tinued there for a number of years, devoting his 
energies to teaming and lumbering. 

The farm where he now resides became the fam- 
ily home in 1873. It was a place which had been 
chopped over to some extent, but had not been 
thoroughly cleared, and there was still a great deal 
of work to be done in preparing it for cultivation. 
Besides the work upon the soil. Mr. Starkweather 
has done much m improving the place and putting 
up buildings, and the eight\ acres i~ now a highly 
cultivated and richly productive estate. In all his 
endeavors he has been ably seconded by his de- 
voted and intelligent wile. 

Our subject has found his political views to be 
in harmony with the declarations of the Democratic 
party, and he easts his vote for the men and mea- 
sures presented on its ticket. He has served as 
Justice of the Peace and Highway Commissioner of 
township. The excellent social qualities and high 
integrity of this worthy couple bring them into 
the front rank of the citizens of their township, 
and their prosperity is sincerely rejoiced in by all 
who know them. 

i LDDLETON S. BEACH. We herewith 
present a sketch of the life of a merchant 
of Birch Run, Saginaw County, who has 
also served the community as Notary Pub- 
lie is one of the native sons of Saginaw 
County, and was born September 15, 1849, and his 
parents, llatten M. and Mary ( Bow ) Beach, are still 
residing in Bridgeport Township. He was reared 
to man's estate in his native county and his boy- 
hood experiences were Mich a> come to all pioneer 
lads. He did much of the hard work of the farm. 
felling trees, clearing away stumps, breaking the 
virgin soil and putting in the first crops and en- 
joyed the sports which make life so fresh and 
breezy to the young in any community. 

A good common-school education was granted 
to our subject in his boyhood, as his district was 
more advanced than many, and he availed himself 
thoroughly of all opportunities presented to him. 
In 1878 he made his first venture in mercantile 
business, although he had devoted himself previ- 
ously to fanning, and had already been married 
for three years, as in 187. : > he was united with FI- 
nora. daughter of Theodore Smith. Their three 
children are Alfred, Eugene and llattie, all of 
whom are living and are the objects of true par- 
ental solicitude and care on the part of Mr. and 
Mis. Beach. It is the desire of our subject and his 
wife that these young people shall become useful 
and honored members of society and do credit to 
an honorable ancestry. 

The store of Mr. Beach measures 18x32 feet in 
size and he therein carries a general line of mer- 



chandise, such as is usually found in a village store. 
For several years he has been commissioned as No- 
tary Public :mil in that capacity he has proved 
himself obliging to the general community, lie 

has served as Clerk of Birch Run Township for 
several years and also as Treasurer for two years. 
lie is a Democrat in politics and a member of the 
Knights of the Maccabees, and in thai order he 
has aeted as Finance Keeper, which position his 
character and well-known integrity tit him to till 
with the full confidence of his fellow-members. 

This public-spirited citizen takes a deep and 
abiding interest in all educational matters and has 
ever been one of the most active in promoting 
progress along this line. His own experience as a 
teacher, which extended over several years, gave 
him an insight into the teacher's side of all ques- 
tions which arise between school officials and pa- 
trons, and his own genuine interest as a parent in 
the training of his own children has fitted him to 
see the needs of the community. His two years 
term of service as Superintendent of the schools 
of Kirch Run were years of prosperity to the 
schools and he enjoys the confidence of the busi- 
ness community in all his relations. 


>ILLIAM II. NICKLESS. The biographer 
is always gratified to place before hi.s read 
tyyj ers the life narrative of those men who have 
brought themselves to the front in business mat- 
ters, notwithstanding trials and difficulties of ser- 
ious proportions. To attain success when all is 
favorable is, of course, creditable, but to rise super- 
ior to financial tempest is better worth a record in 
these pages. Mr. Nickless is a man who under 
severe reverses has"come to the top" and by cour- 
age and hard work hns built up a successful trade. 
lie is in the wholesale and retail lumber business, 
besides carrying on an extensive planing mill and 
box factory. 

Our subject was born in London. Kngland, Au- 
gust L2, 1848, and his father, Charles, had a tin- 
shop in that city, being a tin-smith by trade. In 

1853 he brought his family to America and estab- 
lished his trade in Pontiac, this State, bu1 remained 
here only one decade and then returned to Lon- 
don, where he carried on his former business 
through the remainder of his life. lie was an 
Episcopalian m his church connection. His wife 
Mary (Drewitt) Xickless. was born in London and 
died in Michigan in L884. 

Our subject was the second in a family of four 
children and resided in London until he reached the 
age of five. After coming to Pontiac he attended 
school until the age of ten. when he began working 
upon the farm, and in L862 went to Oil City, Pa. .and 
clerked in a store, while at the same time he at- 
tended school. Three and a half years later he 
went to Pitthole City and helped to establish there 
the first store and put in the first load of dry-goods. 

In December, 1865, the young man returned to 
Pontiac and engaged on a farm for three year-. 
and then went to St. Clair, where he served in a 
County Clerk's office and in the office of the 
office of the Republican, of which his brother-in- 
law, II. P. Wands, was editor. In 1*71 he came to 
Bay City and worked at the carpenter's trade, and 
in 1885 bought the box factory from Foss & Leiter, 
forming a partnership under the linn name of 
Nickless & Hart. 

Mr. Nickless continued in this li f work and 

carried on this box factory until l!"i<S7. and then 
bought out his partner and carried on the business 
alone, until August !l. 1889, when the factory was 
desroyed by lire and August 19, he lost his lum- 
beryard by fire, after which he built the mill which 
he now operates and stalled again. His losses were 
very great at that time, as he lost, not only the mill 
but stock and lumber-yard, and upon the latter 
there was no insurance. Besides manufacturing 
boxes he makes crates and box shooks, and ships 
by car-loads all over the United States. He also 
makes a retail business, of making and furnishing 
flooring, siding, ceiling and moldings, and ships a 
car-load a day of the products of the mill, using 
over a hundred thousand feel of lumber per week. 

Mr. Nickless is the only man in the Saginaw 
Valley who is carrying on the box business alone, 
as every other establishment isoperated in partner- 
ship or by corporations. He gives employment to 



some twenty-five hands, and has a fine boiler and 
engine of one handled horse-power, with self-feed- 
ing attachments to furnace. His wife, to whom he 
was united in Bay City in 1873, is a devout mem- 
ber of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Her maiden 
name was Sarah J. Bellamy, and she is a native of 
Pennsylvania. Her two children are Arthur W. 
and W. Howard, Jr., and their residence is at the 
corner of Fifth Avenue and Birney Streets. Our 
subject is a member of the Ancient Older of 
United Workmen and of the Knights of the Mac- 
cabees, and in politics he is a Prohibitionist with 
leanings toward the Democratic party. 

iERTRAM MOORE & SON, contractors and 
builders, have been engaged in that busi- 
ness as partners for the past seventeen 
years and now hold a prominent position 

among the citizens of Bay City. Possessing sup- 
erior ability, the methods which they have followed 
have commended them to the confidence of the 
people throughout the community and have mer- 
ited the success which has attended their enter- 
prises. By close attention to the details of their 
business and careful supervision of the same, they 
have gained the patronage of the people of Baj 
County and during the past year (1891) erected 
nine residences, a number of which were as fine as 
can be found in the city; besides that, during the 
dull season they built six elegant residences for 
sale and by so doing, gave employment to all their 
men during the entire year. 

The senior member of the firm was born on 
Prince Edward Island. December 20, 1824, and 
while still quite young learned the trade of a car- 
penter, commencing when thirteen years old and 
continuing for live years in the employment of 
one man. In 1845 lie began taking contracts and 
gradually by industry and attention to his busi- 
ness, secured as much work as lie could do. When 
ready to establish a home of his own he was mar- 
ried to Miss Eliza Lea. who like himself was 
born on the Island, and the young couple made 
their home in their native land until 1873. when 

with their family they removed to Bay City. The 
partnership above mentioned was formed immed- 
iately after coining here and the firm has since 
engaged in a contracting business with marked 

Unto Mr. Moore and his wife, eight children 
have been born, as follows: Anna; Mary, wife of 
James R. Davison, of Charlottetown, Prince Ed- 
ward Island; John, who is a teller in Prince Ed- 
ward Island Bank at Charlottetown; W. B. G., in 
partnership with his father; Walter, Edmund and 
Bertram, who are in Santiago, Cal., and Carrie, 
who is still at home. The third child in this fam- 
ily. W. B. O.. was born on the Island, July 2'.t, 
1852, and there received his education, which was 
a good one. As soon as old enough, he began to 
assist Ins father in his business and upon coming 
to this city formed the partnership which still ex- 
ists, lie was married November 11. 1878, to Miss 
Catherine E. Jarmin, who at the time of the mar- 
riage was residing in Bay City, but was formerly a 
resident of Chatham, Ontario. Two children have 
blessed their union — Arthur and Frank. The mem- 
bers of the family are identified with the Madison 
Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church, and are lib- 
eral contributors to all benevolent measures. 


f)OLNA KETCHUM, a farmer and stock- 
raiser residing in Chesaning Township, Sag- 
inaw County, has a line eighty-acre farm 
here, from which he derives excellent crops. He 
was born in Crawford County, Pa., June 30, 1847, 
and is a son of Benjamin and Maria (Place) 
Ketchum. The father died when this son was a 
little boy of six years, leaving a family of eight 
children for the mother to support and educate. 
She never married again, but devoted herself to 
the task of caring for her little ones, and this ne- 
cessitated earnest efforts on the part of the chil- 
dren to assist her in the support of the family. 
For this reason Yolna began at the age of ten years 
to work for neighbors by the day, and later by the 

Previous to the death of the father the family 



had removed to La Grange County, Ind. When 
<mr subject was twenty-one years of age he began 

to save his wages in order to purchase property, 
and at the age of twenty-live had $700 ahead. At 
that time he was taken sick and worked no more 
for three years, which used up all his savings. lie 
was married February 10, 1872, to Miss Eliza C. 
Kllis. of White Pigeon, St. Joseph County, this 
State. This lady was born at La Grange, Ind., 
August 28, 1854, and was a daughter of James and 
Cornelia (Dickenson) Ellis. The father was horn 
in the Green Mountain State, and the mother was 
by birth a New Yorker. To Mr. and Mrs. Ketchum 
have been horn seven children — Victor II., who 
was horn in St. Joseph County, this State, Septem- 
ber 20, 1873; James Ellis, born in Chesaning, Feb- 
ruary 8, 1876; Ernc-a, January 11, 1878; Omar, 
August 30, 187!t; Anna I!.. June 28, 1889; Ben- 
jamin, January 2<>, 1890; and Volna, June 14, 

Our subject worked on the railroad in St. Jo- 
seph County, and in the woods when he first came 
hither, and valiantly took hold of any work which 
he could find to do. by which to gain an honest 
livelihood for himself and family. It was in 1874 
that he moved to his pleasant home, which he had 
boughl in March of the previous year. It was all 
woods and swamp, and he has had a great work to 
in clearing and ditching it, but he has it now all 
in good condition, and. has built upon it a new 
house, and barn. He is a member of the Masonic- 
fraternity, in which he has progressed to the sev- 
enth degree, and he also belongs to the Modern 
Woodmen, lie is a member of the Republican 





OSEPII MATIIEWSON. We have here a 
resident of Birch Run Township, Saginaw 
County, who has faithfully served his fel- 
low citizens as Supervisor and has been in- 
fluential in effecting real progress in the affairs of 
the county. He inherits from Scotch parents and 
ancestry the shrewd ability and sterling integrity 
which marks the hardy and noble race, and these 
qualities have been of service to the people of the 

township. "He was born in I bulbar, Scotland, No- 
vember 5. 1819, and is a son of William and Mar- 
garet (Sproul) Mathewson. His father was a na- 
tive of the North of Ireland, as was also his mother 
and both were of Scotch descent. 

After the marriage of the parents of our subject 
they removed to Scotland and resided there for 
nine years, and later the father spent two years as 
a Collector for the Government in Ireland and 
then with his family emigrated in 1824 to Canada 
and settled a few miles north of Toronto, where he 
taught school for a number of years. In 1836 the 
family came to Michigan, making their home for a 
number of years in Lenawee County, subsequently 
residing for a short time in Detroit, after which 
the family removed to Flint where the father of 
our subject died, and the mother afterward died in 
Saginaw County. 

A common-school education was given to Joseph 
Mathewson, but he had no opportunities for higher 
training, and has had to depend upon himself 
largely for further culture. He was married in 
1850 upon the 3d of July, to Caroline Smith a na- 
tive of New York. They became the parents of 
eleven children, of whom eight are now living, 
namely: Addie, wife of Charles Beach; David, 
George; Margaret, Mrs. John Campbell; Clark, 
John; Lizzie, who married Robert Parker, and 
Joseph. In 1847 he had come to Saginaw County 
and since that time his home has been within its 
confines. When he first settled upon his farm in 
the woods it was an unbroken wilderness and he 
and his family endured great hardships; now 
they are over they love to recall the incidents of 
pioneer life and to tell of the many deer hunts 
he has had. His fine estate now comprises one 
hundred and fifteen acres and it is all the reward 
of a steady and unflagging industry and an honest 
endeavor to provide for the future. In those days 
their most frequent callers were Indians, and deer 
and wolves were all about their door. 

During the days of the Civil War our subject 
served as enrolling officer of Birch Run Township 
and he is the first man who was ever elected Super- 
visor of this township, and served his fellow-citi- 
zens for four years in that capacity. He is said to 
be the oldest settler now living in the township, 



and there is no more interesting or well-known 
character here than he. Hi* political view.- bring 
him into harmony with the policy and movements 
of the Republican party, and in all matters lie is 
thoroughly enterprising and public-spirited and 
exerts a broad and strong influence. 

EDWARD HOPPER, who was bom in On- 
tario County. N. V.. July 17. 1839, is a son 
, of Edward and Elmina (Thayer) Hopper, 
the father being a native of New York and of 
German and English blood, and the mother a Penn- 
sylvanian of English descent. Our subjecl now 
has his farm on section 32, Chesaning Township, 
Saginaw County, and is raising good crops and an 
excellent grade of cattle on this property of forty 
acres. His parents were from New York and set- 
tled in Livingston County. Mich., when he was 
onh two years old, and as the father was both a 
farmer and a mechanic, the hoy early learned 
farm work, although the father lived within the 
boundaries of the village of Parshallville. 

Edward Hopper received hut a limited educa- 
tion, attending school only two or three months 
in a year, and earlj began working for wages. He 
entered' the army in L865, enlisting in Company 
I), Sixteenth Michigan Infantry, and was in the 
Army of the Potomac. lie did not participate in 
any battle, but was with the regiment through all 
its term of service, except for two weeks spent in 
the hospital at Jeffersonville, just before coming 
home, lie took part in the Grand Review at 
Washington, and received his honorable discharge 
in July. 1865. At one time they were three days 
without provisions, ami he received a serious in- 
jury one dark and stormy night when on the 
march by Stepping into an unseen hole and thus 
wrenching his hack and hip, from which he never 
recovered. He now receives $6 a month pension. 

After returning from the army, Mr. Hopper pur- 
sued various callings, and was married -Tune 4. 
1S72. to Miss Clara N. Chase, of Tyrone. Living- 
ston County, where she was horn. July 22. 1853. 
She is a daughter of Nathan and Eliza (Tanner) 
Chase, thefather a native of Ohio, and the mother 

of New York. She received a fair common-school 

education, and was well lifted for teaching, but 
never pursued it. After their marriage. Mr. Hop- 
per for three years carried on the farm belonging 
to his wife's mother. after which he made his home 
in Havana. Chesaning Township, where he farmed 
for awhile, and in 1*77 settled in his present home, 
which he had purchased many years before. He 
then cleared it up and still has it in a good state of 
cultivation. They have live children, Ada Blanche, 
born September 22, 1*74. at Tyrone, Livingston 
County, in the same house where her mother was 
born and married; Howard Nathan, horn August 
1. 1876, at Havana, this county; Mabel M., born 
August 8, 1878, on the present farm; Alice M., 
bom July 2'J. 1880, and Florence Ella, horn July 
1,1882. All the younger children had their na- 
tivity on the farm, which is still their home. Our 
subject was brought up a Democrat, hut is now a 
Prohibitionist in principle, though not a strong 
party man. Mrs. Hopper is a member of the Meth- 
odic Episcopal Church, and while her husband is a 
believer in the truths of Christianity, he is not a 
member of any church. 

>^n IIAHLES T. NFAVKIHK.M. ]).. is numbered 
I „ among the most prominent practicing phy- 
^^Jy sicians and surgeons of Northern Michigan, 
and also owns a pharmacy on the corner of Third 
and Washington Avenue, Bay City. There is no 
other resident of Bay County who is so frequently 
brought before the public as he, not only as a skill- 
ful physician and successful surgeon, but also as an 
influential member of political, business and social 
circles. He has traveled extensively both in South 
America and Europe. It has ever been his en- 
deavor to advance the standard of his profession 
and his labors have made him conspicuous among 
the medical fraternity as well as the general public. 
He belongs to the American Medical Association. 
the state Medical Society, of which he has been 
Vice-President, and was one of the organizers of 
the Lay County Medical Society, where his keen 
intellect and brilliant attainments have received 
universal recognition. 



Dr. Newkirk was horn near Simcoe, Norfolk 
County, Canada, Decembei 10, 1842, and is de- 
scended on the paternal side from the German an- 
cestors who came from their native country to the 
region of the Catskills in New York. His grand- 
father, Peter Newkirk, was a fanner in Norfolk 
County. Canada, whither he emigrated from the 
Empire State, and he lived to the advanced age of 
ninety years. During the Canadian Rebellion he 
\\a> very active as one of MeKenzie's right hand 
men. The father of our subject was the Rev. 
Moses Newkirk. a native of Simcoe, and a self- 
made man of noble principles and line powers. He 
was well informed on all subjects, and to the large 
family which he reared, he gave splendid educa- 
tional advantages. He made it a study to sec that 
his sons had the besl of opportunities, and in order 
to keep them in school would often go in debt and 
pay high rates of interest on his indebtedness. He 
was a large farmer, a successful financier and very 
prominent as a minister in the Wesleyan Methodist 
Church. Politically he was a prominent reformer 
and served as Magistrate. His death occurred al 
the age of seventy-eight years. 

Catherine (Topping) Newkirk, the mother of the 
Doctor, was born in Woodstock. Canada, and was 
the daughter of John Topping, who came from his 
native land. Ireland, to Canada and engaged in 
business as a civil engineer. There were nineteen 
children horn to the parents of our subject, twelve 
of whom attained to mature years. Dr. Newkirk 
was reared on a farm but had good school advan- 
tages, attending the University at Toronto, and 
Victoria College. He entered upon his medical 
course under the preceptors!) ip of the Hon. John 
Holph, and was graduated in 18ti.'5 with the degree 
of M. D. After practicing a short time in Canada 
he removed with his family to South America, and 
there spent nine months learning the Spanish lan- 
guage at Buenos Ayres. On passing his examina- 
tion he was appointed by the Governor as Doctor 
of the Province of Corrientes and was also made 
Surgeon of Argentine Hospital, which position he 
resigned in three months to accept a similar one in 
the Brazilian army. 

In a short time the Doctor became First Surgeon 
of a division with the grade of Major and held the 

position for four years in active campaign all the 
lime during the Brazilian and Paraguayan War. 
Not a day passed but they heard the cannon boom. 
Dr. Newkirk remained in service until after the 
close of the war when he returned to Canada and 
after a brief visit there with friends he went back 
to South America and at Assumption, in Paraguay, 
began the practice of medicine in connection with 
the drug business. He passed through several epi- 
demics of small-pox, yellow fever and cholera. 
His brother. Dr. Daniel Newkirk. died of small- 
pox about this time and his family also becoming 
sick, he became disheartened and determined to 
return to Canada, where he could engage in quiet 

Closing out his business in Assumption, the I toe- 
tor with his family went to Buenos Ayres. where 
he had engaged passage on a steamer. He found. 
however that the yellow fever had broken out in 
its most malignant form; hundreds were dying 
daily and the citizens who were abie were fleeing 
from the city as werealso the missionaries. With a 
degree of heroism and self-denial characteristic of 
himself, the Doctor at once decided to remain. 
Having sent his family to Canada he again devoted 
himself to the work of saving life and allaying 
suffering. He was in constant communication with 
the authorities for the prevention of the spread of 
the disease and by his advice many sanitary pre- 
cautions were taken, which doubtless cut short one 
of the most frightful epidemics known. An idea 
of the danger can be formed when it is mentioned 
that 2(),0(Mt persons died in thirty-five days. 

During this plague the Doctor was four months 
in Buenos Ayres, and rarely worked less than 
eighteen hours a day. His hotel was constantly 
besieged with hundreds of persons who were 
anxious to secure his services; some offered the 
most extravagant fees, but he insisted on taking 
them in rotation, the poor receiving the same at- 
tention as the wealthy. His heroic conduct was 
highly applauded by the press at Buenos Ayres and 
the committees of Montserrat presented him with 
a splendid album in testimony of his services to 
the sick. The ovation paid him upon his depart- 
ure was a most distinguished compliment; on his 
way home he stopped a short time at Rio Janeiro. 



where lie was warmly welcomed by old army 
officers and surgeons with whom he served in 

Immediately upon arriving in Canada Dr. New- 
kirk set about finding some good location to enter 
upon the practice of his profession, and after vis- 
iting New York, Chicago and other places he 
concluded to settle in Bay City. His previous 
experience at once secured him a large practice 
and he has been a very successful practitioner of the 
Saginaw Valley. He devotes his time to his prac- 
tice, although he has a pharmacy and is interested 
in real estate, lie has erected five fine residences 
here and owns and occupies a beautiful dwelling 
On Tenth Street. He has also been interested in 
other enterprises and corporations, holds property 
in Chattanooga. Tenn.. and in the vicinity of 
Duluth. Minn. The Doctor lias been offered a pro- 
fessorship in the College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons in Chicago, but feels contented with his 
surroundings m liny City. 

In 18112 Dr. Newkirk and Miss Mary .1. Anderson 
were united in marriage. The bride was born in 
Cleveland, Ohio, and is the daughter of John 
Anderson, who was born in Ireland and came to 
Canada, where he was prominent in the Canadian 
Rebellion as a McKenzie man. Having to (lee for 
safety to tin- United States, he located in Cleveland, 
Ohio. There are two children in Dr. Newkirk 's 
family: Dolores and Harry. The daughter, who 
was born in Corrientes, South America, was a grad- 
uate of Leggett's Academy in Detroit and later 
studied at Vassar College. Poughkeepsie, X. Y.; 
she married M. R. Tousey and resides in Chicago. 
Harry is at present (1891) a cadet at Orchard Lake. 
Socially Dr. Newkirk is identified with the Ma- 
sonic fraternity. He was County Physician for 
more than ten years, until his resignation. He is 
now President of the Bay City Board of Educa- 
tion, and has been a member of the School Board 
twelve years. In educational affairs he has always 
manifested a great interest and has assisted several 
through college who otherwise would not have en- 
joyed a collegiate education. He is Surgeon for 
the Michigan Central Railroad and the Chicago & 
Grand Trunk Railroad. In his political affiliations 
he is a Republican and has often served as dele- 

gate to county and State conventions. Few are 
so well posted on the tariff question as he, and 
when there was a joint discussion between him and 
Rev. Dr. Conner on that subject, people flocked 
from far and near to enjoy the discussion, and 
those who could gain admittance to the crowded 
hall witnessed one of the most interesting debates 
in the political history of the State. It is perhaps 
unnecessary to add that Dr. Newkirk 's usual suc- 
cess did not desert him at that critical moment 
and if was felt by all that his arguments were un- 
answerable and convincing. 

AMES D. PEARSALL. We are pleased 

here to present a sketch of one of the most 
well-known and highly respected business 
1 men of Bay City. He is now acting as 
County Coroner, besides having a tine business as 
funeral director. He was born in Brighton, Onta- 
rio, and his father. William, and his grandfather. 
John Pearsall, were both born upon Long Island, 
The latter was a farmer and Revolutionary soldier 
who removed to Prince Edward County, Canada, 
and there carried on agriculture until his death at 
I he age of ninety. He was a devout member of the 
Episcopal Church. The Pearsalls for eight gener- 
ations have been in this country, but they trace 
their descent from Alsace. France. 

The father of our subject removed to St. Clair 
County, Mich., in 1*70. locating in Brockway, 
where he engaged m farming, and remained until 
his death, at the age of sixty-seven. He was a 
Democrat in his political belief, and a Catholic in 
religious faith. His wife, whose maiden name was 
Bridget Finnegan. was born in County .Monaghan, 
Ireland, and came wlien a child to Canada with a 
brother, as her parents remained in their native 
home. She died in Bay City, at the age of sixty- 
seven and of her eleven children, eight are living. 
Her son Miles was a soldier in a New York regi- 
ment, and served for two years in the Civil War. 

James Pearsall was born in February, 1K.">1. and 
in Canada attended the common school; he came 


&%&>• Z 7 




to the United States when sixteen years old, and 
as he mew ti> manhood took charge of hi> father's 
estate. In 1K77 he began handling nursery stock, 
and a year later located in Pay ( ity. and continued 
in this line of business for six years, keeping some 
.six or seven men on the road, traveling in Michi- 
gan, and conducted a very successful business. 

In the fall of 1885, Mr. Pearsall engaged in the 
undertaking' business and in that of funeral di- 
rector, and in this as in all he has undertaken, he 
has achieved remarkable success. In 1«8(! he was 
nominated and elected to the office of County Cor- 
oner upon the Democratic ticket, and was re- 
elected in 1888 and 1890. He has thus served 
from January 1, 1887. to the present time, and has 
met with many peculiar experiences. 

The marriage of Mr. Pearsall and Miss Alice 
Bradley, which took place in St. Clair, established 
a home of more than ordinary happiness. This 
lady was horn in Prince Edward County, Ontario, 
Canada, hut had most of her training and educa- 
tion in St. (lair County. Her children hear the 
names of Hurt, Harry. Winlield. John, .Mary A. 
and Roy. The family is connected with the St. 
James Catholic Church, and Mr. Pearsall has been 
Vice President of the Catholic Mutual Benefit Asso 
ciation. He belongs to the Ancient Order of Hibern- 
ians, to the Knights of the Maccabees, anil to the 
order of Foresters. He is a strong Democral pol- 
itically, and frequently a delegate to county, con- 
gressional, and State conventions. He is like- 
wise a member of the city committee, and Chair- 
man of the Ninth Ward Committee. His business 
also brings him into the membership in the State 
Funeral Directors' Association. 


Y IIAPLKS F. ZOELLER, City Treasurer of 
Saginaw, i- one of the German-American 
S^ 7 citizens of whom our country may justly 
be proud. For almost a quarter of a century 
lie has been identified with the business interests 
of the Saginaw Valley, and none stands higher in 
financial circles than he. Hi- character is unim- 
peachable, and the interest which he has at all limes 

displayed in public enterprises stamps him as a man 
of great intelligence and excellent judgment. His 
strong, determined, yet kindly face looks at the 
reader from the opposite page, and Ins name is hon- 
ored wherever it is known. 

In Bavaria, Germany, where he was born April 
2, 1842, Mr. Zoeller passed the early days of his 
life. His father. Vitus Zoeller, came to this coun- 
try in 1850, being a political refugee on account of 
the Revolution in Germany in 1848-49. His 
mother, Caroline (C.reiner) Zoeller, did not emi- 
grate from the Fatherland until 1865, The re- 
mainder of their days were passed in New York. 
Charles was a child of but twelve years when he 
came to the United States in the year 1854. 
and his education was mostly gained in Bavaria. 
although he studied after he came to this country 
until he gained a fair command of the English as 
well as the German language. Upon reaching the 
age of sixteen, he removed South to Tarboro, N. 
('.. where he followed the trade of a painter. 

At the breaking out of the Civil War Mr. Zoel- 
ler entered the Southern army as a private in the 
First North Carolina Infantry, belonging to 
Loyd's and Manly's Batteries successively, and 
was promoted lobe First Lieutenant just before 
the close of the war. He participated in many de- 
cisive battles, among them the engagements at 
Bethel, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Antietam, 
Spotlsylvania Court House, ami was present at the 
siiriender at Appomattox. At the close of the 
war he returned to Tarboro. N. ('..and engaged as 
a clerk in an hotel. About that time he was mar- 
ried to Miss Rosa A. Whaley, at Newbern, N*. C. 
This lady, who was a native of New Jersey, and a 
daughter of Lawrence Whaley, died at Saginaw in 
1881. She was the mother of eight children, five 
of whom are living. 

In 1867 Mr. Zoeller came to Saginaw, and carried 
on the business of painting until his election as City 
Treasurer. Hiselection to the office which he now 
holds took place in 1889, and was for a term of 
two years, and since the consolidation of the two 
Saginaws he was made one of the new officials, as 
he had served only about ten months on his first 
term. lie had also been for two terms Alderman 
for the Thirteenth Ward. In his political views 



he is a pronounced Democrat. He is a member of 
Germania Lodge No. 79, F. & A. M., the Knights 
of the Maccabees, the Knights of Honor and the 
Teutonia Society. 

The present Mrs. Zoeller became the wife of our 
subject in 18SM, and is now the mother of two 
bright and promising children. Her maiden name 
was Emma Plessner, and she is a daughter of Dr. 
M. C. T. Plessner, a prominent physician of Sagi- 
naw. The delightful home of this family i- situ- 
ated at No. 11;') South Andre Street on the Wesl 
Side. Mr. Zoeller has the firm confidence of the 
business community and it is universally believed 
that his incumbency of the office is adapted to for- 
warding the interests of the city. 

( ISEPH 1'. LE ROUX, who is engaged in the 
insurance business, and keeps a real-estate 
and loan office at Bay City, is also the Uran- 
ia ager of Le Patriote, which is owned by the 
firm of Le Roux & Maucotel, and has resided in 
this valley since 1868. Among the French-Cana- 
dian citizens of Michigan, he is one of the mosl 
prominent and he is a man of both talent and 
judgment. He was born at Riviere de l'Isle, St. 
Ignace Parish, Soulanges County. Canada, Octo- 
ber 20, 1846, and is a son of Julien and Clothilde 
(Montpetit) Le Roux. 1 1 is paternal grandfather, 
Antoine, was born in Canada, and was a son of 
Hubert Le Roux. who came from France. 

The family have been agriculturists ever since 
coming to this country, and the father of our sub- 
ject died in 1868, leaving to his family the farm 
which had been his for many years. His widow 
resides on the old homestead, and is a daughter of 
Pierre Montpetit, of French descent. She married 
a second time. The child of her first marriage, 
Gabriel Martin, resides in Canada, and by her union 
with Julien Le Roux, she had five sons, of whom 
four are living, namely: George, Joseph P. and 
Alexandre, who make their home in Bay City; 
Pierre, who resides on the old homestead with the 
mother; and Paul, who died in infancy; also five 
daughters, of whom three are living, namely: 

Azilda, Mary and Hermine, who are living in Can- 
ada, and Anna and Alphonsine, who both died at 
the age of eight years. 

Our subject had his training upon the home farm, 
remaining there until he was sixteen years old, and 
in the meantime attending French schools most of 
the time, being only six months in an English 
school. At the age of sixteen he entered as a clerk 
into the general merchandise store at Coteau Land- 
ing, of the Hon. William Ducket t, a member of Par- 
liament, and was with him four years, eventually 
taking charge of the business. After he severed 
his connection with Mr. Duekett. he engaged 
in business at Coteau station, in partnership with 
Joseph Asselin, and continued for eighteen months 
the firm being Le Roux & Asselin. In December, 
1868 he came to Michigan, settling at Saginaw, 
where he engaged as a clerk in the clothing busi- 
ness, being for one year with Messrs. Schott & Co., 
of Saginaw City, and afterward serving in the same 
capacity for the firm in Fast Saginaw three years. 

It was in 1873 that young Mr. Le Roux came to 
Bay City, and entered the clothing business on 

Water Street, in partnership with MeSSl'S. Schott A 
Co.. with the linn title of Schott A Co. In 1876 the 
linn waschanged to. I. P. Le RouxA Co.,andin 1884 
he became the sole proprietor. Two years later he 
sold out his business to accepl an appointment as 
Deputy United Slate- Marshal, under Cleveland's 
administration. This office lie Idled for four years 
and at the same time he has been building up an 
interest in the insurance business and attending to 
bis duties as a Notary Public. He is agent for 
some of the best companies for both life and tire 
insurance, and he also attends to real-estate con- 
veyancing and the placing of loans. 

Upon the 1 1th of August. 1890, .Messrs. Le Roux 
A' Maucotel purchased Le Patriote, a weekly French 
paper which was established here in 1879, and 
has a splendid circulation all through the French 
districts of Michigan, as it is the only paper in this 
language published ill Michigan. It is issued everj 
Thursday, and is an eight-column quarto devoted 
to the interests of the French people at large and 
very successful in every sense of the word. It is 
independent in politics and thus is acceptable to all 
shades of political belief. Its excellent job office 



is building up a fine run of business and it recom- 
mends itself to all customers by means of the 
promptness, thoroughness and good taste of its 

Our subject was married in Saginaw, in 1870, to 
Miss Eulalie, daughter of Michel Desrosiers, of 
Saginaw, formerly of Ottawa, Canada, lie came 
to Saginaw in lxtix. Mr. Le Roux belongs to the 
La Fayette and St. Joseph French Benevolent So- 
cieties, in which he has ever been an official mem- 
ber, and is also connected with the Knights of the 
Maccabees. As a Democral he is earnestly inter- 
ested in tin- success nf his party, and i.-. frequently 
a delegate to county and State conventions. 

« — ^=-.-^^ 

■Mi ITIIFR HOLLAND. No. 705 Holland A \ e- 
I (jm nue,Mich., Agent of N.Holland, of Buffalo, 
JiL^^s N. Y., with whom he has been connected 
for a period of thirty-two years. 

ANIEL II. TROMBLEY. We are grat- 
ified to be able to present here a sketch of 
one of the most active and prominent 
citizens and business men of Bay City. 
He is lumber inspector and shipper and is more 
than ordinarily enterprising and prosperous. For 
his ancestry our leaders are referred to the sketch 
of his father, Mader Tromble. The son has, as 
will be noted, changed his patronymic by the addi- 
tion of one letter. He has been for seventeen years 
engaged in the same business in Lav City, and 
took it up when only fifteen years old. 

This gentleman was born in South Bay City, 
which was then known as Portsmouth, January 27, 
1858, and there he had his education lirst in the 
common school and afterward in the High School, 
from which he would have graduated in three 
months had he not left school. When he began 
lumber inspecting at the age of fifteen it was for 
parties in Lav City, and lie carried it on there for 

three years, after which he worked for five years 
for Andrew Walton, and for others in theSaginaw 
Valley. In 1882 he started an office of his own, 
and engaged in an independent business, locating 
in South Baj City until 1886, when he formed a 
partnership under the firm name of McHoskill, 
Tromblej & Brown, which connection lasted for 
two years, after which our subject bought out the 
whole business and has since carried it on independ- 

Mr. Trombley has gradually increased his busi- 
ness until it extends through many parts of the 
State and includes hardwood and pine as well as 
logs. II is increasing every year and is growing 
more and more successful. His pleasant home is 
situated at the corner of South Center and McCor- 
rnick Streets, and the lady who presides over it 
with so much grace and dignity became his wife 
in 1881. She was Miss Carrie, daughters of V. W. 
Deland, an old settler of Flushing, but now living 
a retired life at Saginaw. They have one child. 
Carlos, in whose training and education they are 
greatly interested. 

Mr. Trombley is one of the most active and zeal- 
ous members of the Baptist Church of South Bay 
City, in which he was a deacon, and the Assistant 
Superintendent of the Sunday-School. He is a 
leader in the movement which is now in contem- 
plation toward building a new church on South 
Center Street. In his political views he is a stanch 
Prohibitionist and an earnest worker in the cause 
of temperance. 




ffiAMES MURPHY. Thesubjectof this sketch, 
who is now deceased, was a vigorous, ener- 
geticand ambitious man. whose business in- 
terests were also public enterprises and to the 
advantage of others besides himself. He was the 
proprietor of extensive brick works near Pain esville, 
On the south bank of the Tittabawassee River. Lorn 
in County .Mayo, Ireland, in 1 S.'l.s, he was a son of 
Thomas and Sarah (Cannon) Murphy, both na- 
tives of the same county as was himself. His father 



died of heart disease at the age of lifty-two years. 
His mother reared seven children, four boys and 
three girls. She brought her family to America in 
1863 and located at Ann Arbor. 

Thinking a change advisable and to the advan- 
tage of her growing sons. Mrs. Murphy moved 
from Ann Arbor to Thomastown Township. Here 
she passed her latter years and died at the good 
old age of seventy years. Our subject was reared 
on a farm and educated in the district schools. 
The family were limited in circumstances and the 
lad was obliged to make many shifts in order to 
obtain the comforts of life and those things dear 
to young manhood. He worked in a brickyard by 
the month in summers and spent a short time in 
the lumber woods during the winters. lie then 
started a brickyard on the west bank of the Titta- 
bawassee River, in Thomastown Township, and 
continued to run this for three years, lie then 
started his present yard near Painesvillc. 

Our subject began business em a small scale and 
increased it from time to time until he manufac- 
tured two million brick per annum,shipping them to 
Saginaw, Bay City and Jackson, and many of the 
brick buildings in Saginaw are built from the pro- 
ducts of his yards. He was a hard worker and a 
good manager. His farm included one hundred 
and thirty acres. Here he carried on fanning to a 
small extent, paying the greater part of his atten- 
tion to the making of brick. The handsome resi- 
dence which his family now occupies was erected in 
1883. It is completely furnished with all the 
comforts and conveniences so necessary to modern 
life, and is finely finished. 

Mr. Murphy was married in Ireland January in. 
1860, to Miss Mary Vany, who was born at a dis- 
tance of only half a mile from our subject's home. 
May 13, 1842. They were playfellows and school- 
mates. Mrs. Murphy has vivid recollections of 
the voyage over the ocean to America,which lasted 
six weeks and three days. She is the mother of 
eleven children, all of whom are living. They are 
Bridget, Anna, Thomas, James. John. .Michael. 
Henry, Sarah, Neal, Maggie and Joseph. 

Mr. Murphy passed away from this life, October 
15, 1890, and was as much missed in social as in com- 
mercial relations. Mrs. Murphy is a w< nnan of g< m id 

business judgment and still carries on the farm and 
brick business with the aid of her sons. She, as 
was her husband, is a member of the Catholic 
Church. Mr. Murphy was a radical Democrat in 
his political affiliation, but had not a great deal of 
time to interest himself in politics. Socially, lie 
belonged to the Knights of Honor, to the Macca- 
bees and the Catholic Benevolent Association. The 
cortege that followed all that was earthly of the 
man to his last resting-place, was the largest ever 
seen in this section of the country, and was carried 
out with all the pomp and ceremonials of the (lif- 
erent societies to which he belonged. Of humble 
origin, the success which crowned his efforts 
proved his work to have been not in vain. He 
had main friends and admirers. 


AMES T. EMERY, of the firm of Emery & 
McLaughlin, manufacturers of Marblehead 
lime, and dealer- in Buffalo and Portland 
cement, brick etc., pipe building, stone, 
sewer pipe, also w 1 and coal, and manufactur- 
ing agents for the Virginia lire brick and cla\ . is 
one of the sagacious ami thrifty business men of 
West Hay City. This successful firm was organized 
in April. 1883, and is now one of the best business 
houses of its kind in the city. 

The gentleman whose name initiates this sketch 
is a native of the Pine Tree State, having been 
born in Orono, .Me.. September 25, 1857, and a son 
of Nicholas Emery. When our subject was an in- 
fant of one year his parents removed to Wisconsin 
and some years later came to Bay City, the father 
taking the position of Superintendent of Sage's 
mill for many years, but is now deceased. 

Our subject received biseducatibn in the schools 
here and at Green Bay. having but meager advan- 
tages, lie first commenced working in the lumber 
business in this city for Mr. Sage and then served 
as foreman under his father. He finally commenced 
in business for himself, entering into partnership 
with Mr. McLaughlin, which connection has con- 
tinued until the present day. They have a num- 
ber of large lime kilns in their yards, which is near 

e^z^2- - C>>4^^^£ (-Z £. ^^ 



Third Street bridge, and with their business and 
dealing in coal give employment to ten men all the 
time beside those employed in unloading boats. 
Thi'\ have the largest coal trade on the west side 
of the river,as thej also have in building material, 
shipping in very large amounts both by car and 
boat. In one war they shipped three hundred and 
seventy-five car-loads of building material besides 
what was taken in boats. They have the contract 
for furnishing supplies of everything in their line 
for the new Government building which is being 
erected at Bay ( itv. 

In all the country there is no more ardent and 
(•(insistent Republican, no man of better impulses 
and stricter integrity than Mr. Emery. He has 
served his fellow-citizens as Alderman two terms 
of two years each for the Third Ward, the duties 
of which were faithfully performed and conscien- 
tiously discharged. He is a prominent member of 
the Wenona Lodge. F. A- A. M., and of the Bay 
Citv Chapter. Mr. Emery was happily married to 
.Miss Minnie ('. Hubbard, of St. George, New 
Brunswick, September 21, 1884. This union lias 
been blessed by the advent of one child, to whom 
they have given the uame Louisa. 



capability of women for managing large 
business interests is proved by a host of 
widely known and influential Indies, who 
Occupy positions of honor and trust in the business 
world. Among this class Mrs. Beebenny be named 
and the extensive real-estate interests which are 
under her charge are managed with signal success. 
She is the daughter of Joseph and Sophia (Shepe- 
ton) Tromble, early settlers of Hay County, who 
are represented elsewhere in this work. 

The earliest recollections of .Mrs. Beebe are of 
pioneer scenes in a new country amid primitive 
surroundings, and she recalls the present thriving 
city where she now resides when there were but 
three houses in its limits. She has witnessed with 
no little interest in the growth and progress of Bay 

City and now looks out on splendid structures which 

stand where once rose the smoke of the wigwam; 
on churches and schoolhouses which mark the 
spot of former forest trees, and on a teeming pop- 
ulation where once the Indians roamed alone and 

On the corner of Twenty-fourth and Water 
Streets stood a building familiarly known as the 
old Center House, and in that plain frame house 
Mrs. Beebe was born August 27, 1843. When three 
years old she accompanied her parents from Bay 
City to Banks, and the first school which she at- 
tended was on Saginaw Street between Second ard 
Third. To reach the school house she was com- 
pelled to cross the river and during the winter 
seasons she was drawn across the ice on a hand 
sled by her father and brothers. For a time she 
received private instruction at home, later at- 
tended the school in Banks, and at the age of four- 
teen years went to Detroit to attend the Convent 
of the Sacred Heart of Mary. After remaining 
there three years she returned home and afterward 
received instruction in the schools here. On ac- 
count of the ill health of her mother the responsibil- 
ity of the charge of the household early was 
thrown upon her, and she remained at home until 
her marriage. 

On June 3, 1863 Jefferson Beebe and Adeline 
Tromble were united in marriage. Mr. Beebe 
was horn in Ohio, where his father, Lewis, was a 
farmer, and at an early age removed from the 
Buckeye State to Southern Michigan, settling in 
Shiawassee County. When eighteen years old he 
came to Banks, where he was employed in mills, 
also engaged in fishing for some years. He was 
i he owner of the "Evening Star" until he sold out 
his Ashing interests in 1884. He is a practical 
millwright and machinist, and is now engaged a« 
foreman in the mills, and in various lines. Polit- 
ically he is a strong Republican, has served as Ald- 
erman of the First Ward, and for a. time was Pres- 
ident of the Board of Trustees of Banks. Socially 
he belongs to the Order of Maccabees. 

The attractive residence in which Mr. and Mrs. 
Beebe have established a pleasant home is situated 
on the corner of Washington and Bangor Streets, 
in West Bay City, and was erected by Mrs. Beebe 



in 1869. She also owns several lots and houses 
and about twenty acres of tine land within the 
corporate limits of West Bay City. In religious 
matters she is a faithful member of St. Mary's 
Catholic Church and socially is identified with tin- 
Ladies Tent of the Knights of the Maccabees. In 
her younger years she was very skillful in the use 
of the oar and frequently rowed across the Sagi- 
naw River alone. Mr. and Mrs. Beebe have had 
five children, — Jennie I... (Mrs. Palmer) of West 
Bay City; Amanda, (Mrs. Palmer) who died in 
1885 at the age of nineteen years; Frank J., Charles 
Harvey and Joseph, who died at the age of nine- 
teen months. 

The attention of the reader is invited to the lith- 
ographic portrait of Mrs. Beebe which appears in 
connection with this sketch of her life. 

eAPT. ROBERT .1. MEDLER. This well- 
known and popular vessel master and pilot 
has bis residence at. No. 609 State Street, 
Saginaw. He has for over torn years been iden- 
tified with the water transportation' interests of 
Michigan, and no other man who has sailed the 
hikes lias a wider or more loyal acquaintance. For 
thirty years he has stood at the helm of the best 
river and coast boats of Saginaw River and Bay, 
and probably no living man has been so closely 
identified with its water transportation. Like many 
of 1 he wide-awake men whose lives have been inter- 
woven with the growth of the Saginaw Valley, 
Capt. Medler was born in Canada, his birth having 
occurred on the 8th of May. 1830, at Port Burwell. 

Our subject comes honestly by bis natural dis- 
position to navigate nature's own highways, as his 
father, Jacob Medler, was a sailor and shipbuilder. 
The father was a native of Nova Scotia, one of the 
greatest centers for shipbuilding and water com- 
merce. The maiden name of our subject's mother 
was Elizabeth Stanley, a native of New Brunswick, 
where she was married when quite young. They 
came to Michigan when our subject was in his 
seventh year. Here the father conducted an hotel 

at what has since proven to be West Michigan's 

i t popular inland resort. at that time, Reed Lake, 

but now Grand Rapids. 

In 1837 the family of our subject became iden- 
tified with a new portion of the Wolverine State, 
and were among those whose efforts were spent in 
developing what has since become the finest of 
many fine sections in Michigan — the Grand River 
Valley. Here the lad grew to manhood, assisting 
his father in the work of clearing the farm, and 
when a removal was made lo (■rand Rapids, where 
.Mr. Medler engaged in ship carpentry, our subject 
received his initiation into the secrets of water 

When eighteen years of age young Medler be- 
came a deck band on the "Paragon" in its trips be- 
tween Grand Rapids and Grand Haven. After be- 
coming familial' with the river, he was made pilot, 
a position of the greatesl responsibility and requir- 
ing such efforts of stability and determination, thai, 
wi-w they expended in any other line of business, 
would be crowned with success. It is unnecessary 
to say that our subject possessed all the qualities 
that would make of him a trusted pilot, and con- 
tinued to plow the waters of the lower Orand River 
for fifteen year.-. One of the noted vessels of 
which lie was master and pilot was the ill-fated 
••Daniel Ball." He was engaged in those capacities 
when the vessel was constructed, in I860, and was 
her pilot when the elements ended her eventful occasion which is mos< vividly impressed 
upon the mind.- of many of Saginaw's citizens, as 
a large number of them were aboard when she was 
grounded and were compelled to stand in the water 
until they were rescued from their uncomfortable 

I 'l ion the construction of the ( rrand Haven Rail- 
way in Grand Rapids, the river trade was so dimin- 
ished thai (apt. Medler turned bis attention to 
more favorable occupations, and accordingly in 
1862 he came to Saginaw, which was then doing 
an immense water trade. Ihs first, engagement here 
was as .Master of the "Nebraska." a boat used in 
conveying cargoes of salt and lumber to port, as 
the water in the river was not sufficient, to allow 
the large lake vessels to leave the bay. The "Ma- 
son" was then commissioned, and Capt. Medler 



became her Master, and until 18 7 3. when the "Ball" 
entered this harbor, his services were given to the 
"Mason" and the "Rej nolds." After the destruc- 
tion of tin- "Ball," Capt. Medler was employed to 
superintend the construction of a boal to take her 
place, and the next season found him master of 
the. "Wellington R. Burl." a boal with a carrying 
capacity of six hundred passengers and built at a 
cost of $21,000. 

Capt, Medler was thus employed mi the river 
until business becoming so reduced it was deemed 
best tn transfer him to the trade at Toledo, hut the 
( aptain preferring to remain nearer home, the sea- 
son "f 1891 found him Master of the steamer "Fer- 
ris," running in connection with the Pontiac, Ox- 
ford A- Northern Railroad, from Caseville across 
tin- hay to Tawas, a distance of thirty mile.-, lie 
met with a disaster while lying at the stone pier at 
Caseville, which was the second which had oc- 
eurred to him in fortj years, his boat being burned 
to the water's edge July 25, 1891, occasioning a total 

The pleasant home of Capt. Medler is at No. 
609 State street, and is presided over l>\ his ami- 
able wife, who for thirteen years has shared his joys 
and sorrows. His service has been free from dis- 
tressing accidents by explosion, collision or similar 
casualties, and only two men out of the thousands 
he has employed have lost their lives, and they 
fell overboard and were drowned before assistance 
could he given them. The (aptain himself has 
not escaped so entirely, as he met with a severe and 
painful accident September 23, 1877, which resulted 
in the loss of one of his feet. As the hoat was 
moving from the wharf the Captain stepped to the 
engineer ami gave orders to pull back to the shore 
and inadvertently set his foot into the coil of rope 
which had been cast off from the cavel. As the 
vessel continued to move hark, the coil tightened, 
and being drawn to the gunwale, the immense 
strain of the eoi I about his foot was sufficient to, 

cut hi- 1 t. stocking and part of hi- foot eiitireh 

off. lie was thus confined to the hospital for many 
week-. A second accident sometime later crushed 
the remainder of the same foot and caused greater 
difficulty than he had experienced before. 

('apt. Medler ha- ho>ts of warm friends in Mich- 

igan, and his record as a vessel master is surpassed 
by none. His credentials from the Government 
stand unquestioned, and in every respect he is 
looked up to as a grand and noble man. His life 
has not been a period of ceaseless sunshine, but 
dark clouds have passed over him and shadows of 
painful memories linger in his old and weather- 
beaten heart. Death's relentless hand has twice 
entered his home and taken from him those most 

Our subject was married in 1851, to Miss Maria 
Hough taling, of Lansing, and who passed from 
this life in 187:?. They had become the parents of 
two boys, one of whom. Jesse, is a captain. He 
served as mate to his father on many of their trips. 
The other son, Robert H., is an engineer on the 
"Metropolis." Our subject was again married in 
1875. to Mrs. Julia .Tune, a woman possessing rare 
trait< of character, and who died just eighteen 
months after her marriage. December 2."), 1877, 
(apt. Medler was a third time married, the lady of 
his choice being Mahala Louisa, a daughter of Will- 
iam and Elizabeth Brate, a cousin to his first wife. 
Mrs. Medler's parents were among the early settlers 
of Tuscola County, having located there in 1855. 
Mrs. Brate is now a hale and hearty lady of eighty- 
four years, and makes her home with her daughter. 
Mrs. Medler had been previously married to Elijah 
Stiles, a builder and contractor of Caro, Tuscola 
County. One child, a daughter, has been born to 
our subject and his present wife, who bore the 
name of Elizabeth; she died when two years of 

ENRY M. CAMPBELL. This prominent 
1 business man of Bay City belongs to the 
firm of McLean & Co., and is also connected 
with the Valley Soap Works, lie has been 
in the former company for nine years and has 
been Superintendent of the business since the time 
of the building of the lumber mill. This part of 
the country has been his home ever since he was 
five years old, and many of his playmates were In- 
dians, and he went shooting with them when game 
was so plentiful that it could scarcelj he given 



away, and the finest saddle of venison was not 
often worth more than twenty-five cents. 

Our subject was born near Sparta. N. Y., Sep- 
tember 15, 1842, and is the son of William II. and 
Man- (Williams) Campbell, of Syracuse. The fa- 
ther was a mechanic, bul when the boy was still 
small decided to try his fortunes in the West, and 
coming to Genesee County, settled three miles 
north of Flint. His father. John Campbell, accom- 
panied him, and together they bought a large 
farm, which they improved, and where they made 
their home for many years, and there for a long 
while William II. was -lust ice of the Peace of Pine 
Grove Township. 

Henry Campbell commenced his education in 
Genesee County, and came to Saginaw County 
with his father, who took up the milling and 
lumbering business and remained here for the re- 
mainder of his life, dying in 1870. At Sagi- 
naw, in 1867. the youth was first in the employ 
of Seth McLean (his present partner), and after a 
time he became manager in his business, having a 
great advantage in his complete knowledge of 
milling as he was able to build a mill from beui li- 
ning to end. 

When Mr. McLean removed to this place young 
Campbell came with him. and in 1881 became a 
partner of the concern. He built the mill which 
the firm now uses some eighteen years ago. Its 
capacity is one hundred thousand feet a day and 
it is fitted up with gang and circular saws, edgers, 
lath machines, and all of the latest improvements 
necessary to operating a mill of that capacity. 
The establishment gives employment to about one 
hundred men. The firm has also put in two large 
salt blocks which have an average of two hun- 
dred barrels per day. 

The Valley Soap Works are owned and operated 
by McLean A' Co.. which in that connection is 
known as the Valley Soap Company, and was 
started in the year 1891. Here are manufactured 
all kinds and as fine brands of soap — toilet, bath 
and laundry — as any factory in tin 1 country. The 
works have a capacity of one hundred and fifty 
boxes a week, and the business is constantly en- 
larging and bids fair to eclipse many older estab- 
lishments. It has all the modern appliances and 

is run by steam. A new patent process is being 
introduced of which the firm has bought the right 
for use in this valley, and it is selling the right 
to jobbers, keeping' men on the road all the time. 
Our subject has been Alderman for the Sixth Ward 
for four years and was elected the third time, 
but was gerrymandered out by the "squaw buck" 

Our subject is a member of the Business Men's 
Association of Bay City, and is considered therein 
a representative man. Helixes at No. 1021 Broad- 
way, and his home is a fine one of his own remod- 
eling. On the 26th of March, 1 «(>.">, he was mar- 
ried to Miss Mary J. Callagan, of Oakland County, 
and to them has been granted one son — Arthur 
K. Mr. Campbell is a member of the Knights of 
Pvthias of the Uniformed Rank. 





-lloMAS PARKER. One of the old settlers 

of Saginaw Township, who is now a farmer 
and brickmaker on section 19, is he whose 
name appears above. A native of Scotland, his 
has been a history that is marked by many inter- 
esting features. He was born August 22, 1819, 
and is a son of Isaac and Elizabeth (McColloch) 
Parker, bothnatives Of Scotland. Isaac Parker was 
a weaver in early life, but owned a small tract of 
land and worked as a laborer, lie came to Amer- 
ica in 1854, and died at the age of sixty-seven 
years. He and his wife were the parents of four 
children, whose names are Hugh, .lane. John and 

When about two years of age, our subject lost his 
mother who was twenty-five years of age at the time 
of her death. She and her husband were devoted 
Presbyterians. Young Thomas divided his time be- 
tween his booksand the farm work. When coining 
to America in '!(>. In- was five weeks on the voyage, 
which was made memorable by that awesome cere- 
monial — a burial at sea. for there had been several 
deaths on the vessel, which also passed through 
severe storms. 

About six years after his marriage to Miss Jessie 
Beard, of Scotland. Thomas Parker, with his fam- 



ilv came to Michigan via the Erie Canal to Buffalo 
and thence by boal to Detroit. He had but little 

minify and the prices at hotels and in traveling 
were exorbitant and soon exhausted his purse, so 
that he was obliged to leave his family at Detroit, 
and started on foot fen- Saginaw, where be had an 
uncle. Stopping at a house t<> rest, he was be- 
friended by its owner, who, on hearing his story 
offered to bring his family to Flint. This he did. 
Init Mr. Parker was, penniless, and two weeks after 
the family was settled here, his wife died. She 
was the mother of three children — Mary, Elizabeth 
and one that died on the way to this State. 

Mr. Parker engaged in lumbering for James I'ra- 
zier, but contracted the ague, from which he suf- 
fered to such a degree that he was obliged to go 
hack to New York State, where he remained for 
fifteen months. While in .Michigan Mr. Parker 
shot many deer, and had some memorable encoun- 
ters with these animals. He was on friendly 
terms with the Indians, and spent two years in 
lumberingon the Pine and Chippewa Rivers. Af- 
terward with an uncle he lumbered a tract on 
Card Creek, and then began for himself, and has 
gone over a great portion of the present farm land 
along the Tittabawassee River and on Swan Creek. 

Our subject was one of the pioneer lumbermen 
of this region. He was on the water week after week 
rafting, and sold his logs to Mr. Frazier, receiving 
for the best $3 a piece when delivered. He spent 
several winters on the Big Cedar, and was in the 
lumber business in all over twenty years; during 
that time he floated many a raft of logs down the 
Tittabawassee to the Saginaw River, and thence In 
Bay City, and so accustomed was he to the work. 
that he slept on his rafts to waken in the morning 
near Bay City. Such a life was not without dan- 
ger and narrow escapes. On one occasion he was 
hauled from under the ice by an Indian, and has 
ever since had a friendly feeling for the red men. 

In 1X50 Mr. Parker purchased eighty acres of 
land in Thoniastown Township. Saginaw County. 
settling upon it in 1851. That was his home until 
1867, when he removed across the Tittabawassee 
River, and located on his present farm. He had 
established extensive brick works herein 1859, and 
is the oldest brickmaker in the country. lb used 

to average five million brick per year, and at one 
time operated three yards. lie now a verages from 

twelve t" fifteen thousand brick per year and - 1 

expects to retire from the active proprietorship of 
his business. He has been more successful in this 
venture than any other man in the locality. His 
beautiful home, a view of which appears on another 
page, is a large brick mansion on the hanks of the 
Tittabawassee River, and was hmlt in 1865, at a 
cost of $12,000. 

Mr. Parker was married a second time in 1851, 
to Ellen Alexander Garden, who was horn in Ft. 
William, Scotland. August 23, 1818. They have no 
children. Mrs. Parker is a lady of great dignity, 
and is beloved by all who know her. She and her 
husband have been members of the Presbyterian 
Church for many years and were instrumental in 
building the church of that denomination in their 
neighborhood, in which he has served as Trustee 
ever since its erection. He. has tilled the position 
of Sunday-school Superintendent for years, and he 
and his estimable wife have taught the Bible classes 
for sixteen years. 

( )ur subject's chief pride is in his Republicanism, 
which lie has always felt to he synonymous with 
the highest patriotism. Under his party hi 1 has 
held the position of Elighway Commissioner, was 
for one year Supervisor of Thoniastown Town-hip. 
and has also filled the various school offices. 


osFS M. HARRIS. Situated picturesquely 

on the hanks of the Tittabawassee, -i\ 
miles wesl ol Saginaw, on the river road, 
in Saginaw Township, is a farm on which 
already the softening seal of time has Keen placed. Its 
owner i- one of the few pioneer- who are still 
identified with the interests which they have 
helped to formulate and organize, passing through 
therefor, privations and hard-hips incident to early 
settlement. The farm is located on section 13; 
iis owner. Moses Harris, wa- horn in Rochester, 
N. Y.. December 2(1, 1X2(>\ He is a son of George 
and Amanda (Ireland) Harris. His father wa- a 
native of New York, hut of Welsh ancestry. 



Our subject's grandfather, Henry Harris, who 
was born in Wales, came to America when a young 
man. just previous l<> the breaking out of the Rev- 
olutionary War. through which he served. He was 
a man of exceptional physical strength, and in his 
prime stood six feet two inches high. He is said 
to have been so strong that he could pick up a 
barrel of pork with ease. He was of commanding 
appearance and bore a military air. He followed 
fanning in New York State, and lived to the re- 
markable age of one hundred and ten years. 

( )ur subject's father was noted for his generosity 
and benevolence. The soul of honor himself, he 
too frequently took others at his own standard. 
He served as a soldier in the War of 1812. and 
then ran a boat on the Erie Canal for ten years, 
and from his savings purchased a farm and was at 
one time the ownerof three hundred acres of land. 
In 1834 lie sold his place for $15,000, taking 
¥"2,(IO(l cash and notes without security for the 
balance. The purchaser soon after took advantage 
of the bankrupt law. so that .Mr. Harris was the 
loser of $13,000. 

After selling his New York farm, our subject's 
father went, in 1834, to Lorain County, Ohio. 
That farm he cleared and remained upon for a few 
years, and then traded for a farm in Rochester 
Township, Ohio, which he had not seen, and that 
farm he traded for a farm in Tittabawassee Town- 
ship. It was represented to he a fairly improved 
place.having good stage service and other advan- 
tages. In truth it was one sol id wilderness.and quite 
beyond the then bounds of civilization. Soon after 
settling upon the place he divided it among his 
sons, and passed the remainder of his life with our 
subject, at whose home he died at the age of sixty- 
three years. He was not connected with any sect, 
but was a devoted student of the Bible, imitating 
as closely as he could the example of Christ. At 
his death he confided his wife to the care of his 
son Moses. 

Our subject's mother was born in Schagta coke 
N. Y. She had eleven children, of whom ten lived 
to be grown, eight boys and two girls. She was a 
kind-hearted and conscientious Christian woman, 
and a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
Her gentle spirit, marked by angelic sweetness, 

passed the portals of the world beyond after a toil- 
some life journey of ninety-two years. Her later 
life was spent with our subject, who fulfilled in 
letter and spirit the promise made to his father. 

Moses Harris went with his parents from New 
York to Ohio when eight years of age. He well 
remembers the tedious journey by packet-boat to 
Buffalo and thence across the great lake. When 
six hours out on the lake, and in the dead of 
night, a collision took place and excitement ran 
high. The boats were badly damaged and had to 
make for land with all haste. While living in 
Ohio his young strength was taxed witli the work 
of clearing the farm, but the hardships here en- 
dured were but a preparation for greater ones to 
follow. The work of clearing had scarcely been 
completed in Ohio when the journey to Michigan 
was made, to recommence a more arduous task. He 
was willing, however, and industrious, and began 
by working out and renting land, and finally se- 
cured thirteen and a half acres as payment for 
clearing a tract for a neighbor. On this he built 
a log cabin and engaged Indian labor somewhat 
to help him with the work of clearing. The larder 
was supplied chiefly with the victims of his gun, 
and potatoes were regarded as luxuries, lie used 
to dry corn by the stove and grind it in the cof- 
fee-mill in order to make meal for the corn bread. 
He was then given charge of the County Poor 
Farm, which he ran for five years, clearing mosl 
of it during that time. He purchased his present 
farm in 1878, and hard work shows in its result of 
well-tilled fields and comfortable rural residence. 

Mr. Harris is the owner of ninety-seven acres of 
good land, and has prospered greatly in the last 
twelve years. In 1858 he was married to Jane 
Aldrich. Her first husband was George W. Aid- 
rich, by whom she had two daughters, both now 
married. She was born in County Antrim, Ire- 
land, and has been her husband's faithful compan- 
ion and co-worker, and his success is due in no 
small degree to her untiring help. She has en- 
dured privation and hardship most uncomplain- 
ingly, and deserves the greatest credit for the way 
in which she has maintained herself throughout. 
She has reared two children, John J. and Ilattie. 
Mrs. McLellan. Mr. and Mrs. Harris differ in their 



church relationship, she and her children being 
members of the Presbyterian Church, while tie is a 
member of the Methodist sect. Our subject takes 
great pride in his association with the Republican 
party, which he feels to be specially adapted to the 
government of this nation. 

^.ANIEL THOMPSON. The sturdy inde- 
|; pendence of character found in people 
who have been reared in mountain dis- 
tricts, is characteristic of our subject. He 
cares less for the opinion of his fellow-men than 
for the conviction that what he does is right and 
best. Mr. Thompson was born November 15, 1831, 
in Catskill, Oreene County, N. Y., and is a son of 
Samuel and Hannah (l)evall) Thompson. His fam- 
ily is of Scotch origin, his paternal grandsire hav- 
ing been born near Edinburg, Scotland. His father. 
Samuel Thompson, was born in Columbia County, 
N. V.. and was a fanner. His father. John Thomp- 
son, was a member of Morgan's Rifles, and was en- 
gaged at the battle of Saratoga. 

In the fall of 1860 Mr. Thompson's family came 
to .Michigan and settled on eighty acres of Gov- 
ernment land on section 21, Brant Township. 
There the father resided until his death, which oc- 
curred in October, 1883, when at the age of eighty- 
seven years. For many years he hail been a de- 
voted member of the .Methodist Episcopal Church. 
He was twice married. His first wife, Hannah De- 
vall, bore him three children. The eldest, Hannah 
.1., is deceased, Daniel and Tobias are the other 
two. Our subject's mother died in 1836, and his 
father some time afterward married Eli/.a Devall. 
She bore him one child, John II.; her decease oc- 
curred in 188(1. 

On the maternal side our subject was descended 
from French ancestry. His mother was born in 
Albany County. N. Y., and was a daughter of Da- 
vid Devall. Our subject was reared on a farm and 
received the advantages of a limited common- 
school education. At the age of fifteen years he 
began to earn his own way by working out by the 
month and also by giving Ii is time on the home- 

stead, lie moreover worked for some time in a 

sawmill and in October, 1857, ca with a brother 

to Michigan, locating in St. Charles Township. 
Sagiliaw County. He remained until June, 1859, 
and then returned to the Empire State, but the 
following year came back to Saginaw County and 
bought eighty acres of land in partnership with 
his brother, making over the deed of the same to 
their mother. 

December 18, 1861, Mr. Thompson enlisted in 
Company K, Fourteenth Michigan Infantry, and 
with that body engaged in the following encoun- 
ters: They were lirst at Corinth, then at Brent- 
wood, Lavergne, Stone River and Chickamauga. 
The night following the last engagement our sub- 
ject was paralyzed on the right side and was taken 
to Hospital No. HI. in Nashville. He remained 
there for one month and spent the next year in 
hospital at Louisville, after which he was placed in 
the invalid corps in Company '■. Twelfth Regi- 
ment, it being a veteran reserve. They were sent 
to Washington and our subject was made First 
Duty Sergeant. From the National Capital he was 
sent to Fort Lyon and was made Quartermaster 
Sergeaut, acting in that capacity until he was mus- 
tered out of service, January 7. 1865, when he re- 
turned to his home and was for a time engaged in 

In the fall of 1869 our subject purchased eighty 

acres whereon he now lives; it is located on section 
2X. Brant Township. This he has cleared and im- 
proved and added forty-one acres to the original 
purchase, but ha.- given a portion of the farm to 
his son. Mr. Thompson has occasionally been en- 
gaged in lumbering during the winters. He has 
been appointed to various local offices and has 
served two terms as Justice of the Peace and Com- 
missioner of Highways. His lirst vote was cast for 
Franklin Pierce, the next for Fremont, and from 
thai time he was a Republican until 1868, when he 
returned to the Democratic party, working with it 
until the formation of the Greenback party. He 
was Chairman of the State Greenback Committee 
that nominated Benjamin Butler on the Presiden- 
tial ticket, and was one of the men who engaged 
in the organization of the Farmer's Alliance. Mr. 
Thompson has been engaged in Southern Ohio and 



other States for the Greenback party and for the 
Parmer's Alliance, and has done good service for 

In 'tli of these. 

Our subject was married in September, 1860, to 
Miss Cynthia S. Stone, a native of Onondaga 
County, N. Y. This marriage has been blest by 
the advent into the family of tour children. They 
are: William E., Ellen, wife of Edgar Whalej', 
Anna and John II. In I860 Mr. Thompson relates 
thai he and his wife landed in Michigan with only 
sixty-three cents and although they have not been 
exempt from misfortune and trouble, they have 
been prosperous and now enjoy the comforts of a 
pleasant rural home. Socially our subject belongs 
to the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the 
Knights of Labor. He is President of the Sub- 
ordinate Alliance and President of the County 
Alliance and organizer of the Eighth Congressional 
District, and is Chairman of the Eighth Congres- 
sional District of the People's Party. 


\^/ whose name has conic so prominently before 
the public as a party to the controversy with 
Bishop Leonard, was born .May 27, 1861, in 
Albemarle County, Va. He was the youngest of 
eight children and his parents were Thomas How- 
ard and Sarah Jane (Garland) MacQueary. The 
family was of Scotch-Irish origin and came to 
America at the close of the eighteenth century 
settling on a plantation in Virginia. The maternal 
grandparents were Clifton and Diana (Kinsolving) 
Garland, and both these families were of English 
descent and came to this country about the time 
that the MacQuearys emigrated. They were both 
well-known families in Virginia and several of 
them were influential in politics, law and the 
church, although most of them were well-to-do 
planters. Clifton Garland, however, lost his prop- 
erty and his children were deprived of many ad- 

The parents of young MacQueary began lifewith 
limited financial means and although the father 
was rapidly acquiring a competence his death, 

which took place in April. 1861, left his widow and 
three children in rathera destitute condition. Five 
of the children of this family had died before the 

father and ones i followed him. Howard, the 

youngest child, was thus left entirely dependent 
upon his mother, who husbanded her meager re- 
sources and by dint of industry, managed to send 
him to the parochial school until he was thirteen 
years old. at which time his health failed and he 
left school and began work upon the farm, lie 
soon regained his health but found it necessary to 
continue farming which he did for five years, and 
then went to YVashi ngton City, where he continued 
his struggle for existence, barely succeeding in 
making a living for himself and mother. After 
eighteen months spent in mercantile business in 
Washington he was enabled by friends to secure a 
comfortable home for his mother, and to enter col- 
lege, thus realizing his most ardent dream. 

This ambitious student entered Norwood High 
School ami College in the fall of 18KH and after a 
three years' course, he decided to enter the minis- 
try, and went to the Episcopal Theological Semin- 
ary near Alexandria. Va., where he took the three 
years' course in two years and graduated in 1885. 
His graduating essay sounded the key note of his 
subsequenl career as it was on "The Liberal Educa- 
tion of the Clergy." At the time it created con- 
siderable comment hut was not considered objec- 
tionable, except by a few consei vatives among the 
clergy. On tin l'.tth of July, 1885, he received 
Deacon's orders from the Right Rev. George W. 
Peterkin, D. D., Bishop of West Virginia, and took 
charge of the Parishes of Fairmont and Morgan- 
town, W. Va. 

An acquaintance which sprung up in 1886 with 
Prof. Joseph LeConte, of the University of Cali- 
fornia, exerted a great influence upon the thought 
of Mr. MacQeary, as he was a radical evolutionist. 
Young MacQeary's favorite studies were apologet- 
ics, history and the natural sciences. After a pas- 
torate of eighteen months in Fairmont, he was 
called to the Episcopal Church of Canton, Ohio. 
and there his most notable work was done. He 
had been educated in the strictest orthodoxy but 
his scientific studies finally began to undermine 
his faith in traditional dogmas. He first broke 


7.'! 7 

with the church on the question of endless punish- 
ment, and he was led to accept the doctrine of evo- 
lution by a thorough study of Darwin. Huxley, 
Tyndall, Spencer, LeConte, Winchell and others. 
lie soon abandoned the Calvinistic dogmas of Ad- 
am's fall ami the atonement. 

In a careful examination of the origin and in- 
spiration of the Scriptures .Mr. MacQueary read, 
first, the orthodox side, choosing Westcott, Godet, 
Lighl foot, and others, and next the critical side, 
including Baur, Zeller, Keini, Renan, etc. The re- 
sult was a complete revolution of opinion on this 
important question and a loss of faith in the mira- 
cles of Scriptuie. 

For a long time he suffered much uncertainty 
and doubt as to whether he ought not to resign 
from the ministry, yet he did not want to give up 
the work, as he considered the dogmas of less im- 
portance than the moral teachings of Christianity. 
lie advised with many friends among the bishops 
and clergy, most of whom told him that his de- 
parture from the standards of the church was not 
sufficient to justify his withdrawal from the min- 
istry, and that as a Protestant lie had the right of 
private judgment. He finally decided to remain 
in the ministry, and believing that he might help 
others, resolved to speak out boldly his opinions. 

In ls'.iii the publishing firm of Appleton brought 
out Mr. MacQueary's book, entitled the "Evolution 
of Man and Christianity," and this volume imme- 
diately raised a storm of controversy. The chapter 
which gave the most offense was that on miracles. 
in which the author takes a different view of mir- 
cles from that commonly entertained. The Epis- 
copal Church Congress shortly after, invited him 
to speak on Biblical Criticism, and this request 
roused such a vehement protest in the religious 
papers that Dr. Leonard, lately (dieted Bishop of 
Ohio, was forced to take ad ion against Mr. Mac- 
Queary, and sent him a formal '•admonition," in- 
sisting upon submission and a promise that he 
would not again express his peculiar views, but 
Mr. MacQueary declined to make such a promise. 

In November, 1890, he attended the Church 
Congress in Philadelphia, although he did not 
speak there and went thence to New York and 
consulted a number of clergymen as to the course 

he should pursue. After this he returned to Can- 
ton and found his formal "presentment" to the 
Bishop awaiting him. Again an effort was made 
to adjust the disturbed relations but in vain, and 
Mr. MacQeary was arraigned before the ecclesiasti- 
cal court of (he Episcopal Church of Ohio in 
Cleveland, on the 7th of January, 1891, the charges 
preferred against him being his rejection of the 
virgin birth and the bodily resurrection of Jesus. 

This court consisted of the Rev. .Messrs. Y. 1*. 
Morgan, II. I). Aves, and A. B. Putnam, of Cleve- 
land, the Rev. W. II. Gallagher, of Pain esville, and 
the Rev. George F. Smythe, of Toledo. The Hon. 
George T. Chapman, a lawyer, acted as chairman 
and legal advisor to the court. The prosecutor 
was the Rev. Cyrus Bates, 1). 1).. and Mr. Mac- 
Queary defended himself, assisted by the Hon. .1. 
II. MacMath, as legal adviser. The trial lasted 
for two days. He claimed that the church places 
the Scriptures above the creeds, and that in the 
Bible there are two views given of Christ's nativ- 
ity and two of his resurrection, and that, as a 
Protestant, he had a right to accept either view, 
and that either interpretation was allowable. 

As all readers of the newspapers know, this trial 
caused a profound sensation and made Mr. Mac- 
Queary a conspicuous figure in the theological 
world. After two and a half months' delibera 
tion, two of the judges, Messrs. (iallagher and 
Smythe, voted for acquittal, and the other three 
voted that Mr. MacQueary should be suspended 
from the ministry for six months, and if during 
that time he did not promise "not to teach or pub- 
lish his peculiar views" he should be deposed from 
the ministry. The division in the court created 
as much comment as the trial and the verdict was 
generally said to settle nothing. 

On the 18th of March Bishop Leonard pronoun- 
ced sentence upon Mr. MacQueary, and he imme- 
diately resigned his parish in Canton without 
attempting to hold any part of it, and accepted 
invitations to preach and lecture elsewhere. He 
preached in Jamestown, N. Y .. Chicago, Pittsburg, 
Hartford and St. Louis, and addressed the Nine- 
teenth Century Club of New York City. He spent 
the summer of L89 1 in Virginia for the recovery 
of his health which was suffering. 



In Ihe meantime Mr. MacQuearj had discovered 

that the sentence pr< unced upon him was un- 

canonical, in that il imposed two penalties for one 
offense, and lit- therefore moved the Bishop on 
September 1st, to restore him to the ministry, but 
the Bishop availed hims'elf of a technicality to 
change the sentence from :i definite to an indefin- 
ite suspension. Mr. MacQueary therefore decided 
to take the matter into the civil courts and enjoin 
the Bishop from further suspending him, for lie 
questioned Ids righl to so alter the sentence. 

At this juncture lie received a Call to the First 
Universalist Church at Saginaw, Mich., and eon- 
eluded to accept it rather than to contend in the 
courts for what he believed to be his rights. On 
September 22, he renounced the ministry of the 
Episcopal Church, which renunciation was formally 
recognized on the 2-Hh of that month by Bishop 

Leonard. At the. same time another 1 k by Mr. 

MacQueary, entitled ••Topics of the Times," was 
brought out by Lovell. This hook deals with so- 
cial and theological problems and supplements his 
previous work. He has also published various arti- 
cles in papers and periodicals and is recognized as 
a man of strong mind and earnest purpose even 
by those who differ radically from him on theo- 
logical questions. <)n January 14, 1892, he was 
married to .Miss Emma Clarkson Harris, the accom- 
plished daughter of the Hon. John T. Harris, of 
Harrisonburg, Va.. who was for many years the 
Representative of that district in Congress. 

A special to the Baltimore Sun from Harrison- 
burg, Ya., gives the following information con- 
cerning a social event that Is of interest to many 
readers of this work: 

"Miss Emma Clarkson Harris and the Rev. How- 
ard MacQueary were married here to-day at noon. 
The ceremony was performed by Rev, Charles E. 

Woodson, rector of the Episcopal Church at Frank- 
lin,Va.,and a cousin of the groom. The marriage 
took place at the residence of the bride's father, 
and was attended only by immediate relatives of 
the parties, no invitations having been issued. The 
bride is the second daughter of Judge John T. 
Harris, a distinguished member of the Virginia 
bar and for many years the representative of this 
district in Congress. Miss Harris, who was edu- 
cated at the Convent of the Sacred Heart at Man- 
hattan vide. New York City, is a beautiful and 

ac plished lady and has a large circle of friends 

in Virginia and Washington City. The groom is 
well known in religious and literary circles, his 
work on the "Evolution of Man and Christianity" 
having recently caused his trial for heresy in the 
Episcopal diocese of Ohio while serving a church 
at Canton, and resulting in his ultimate withdrawal 
from the Episcopal ministry. lie now has charge 
of a wealthy Universalist church at Saginaw, Mich. 
Although the marriage to-day was exceedingly 
quiet, it was attended by a number of relatives 
from a distance, and the bride received many 
handsome presents. After the ceremony a wed- 
ding breakfast was served, and Mr. and Mrs. Mac- 
Queary left on the afternoon tram for Washing- 
ton. From there they will go to St. Louis and 
Chicago, reaching their home in Saginaw on the 
22d instant." 

*==*==y / 



,*sss» EELEY Ii. BIRCHARD. It has often been 
observed that business capacity is an in- 
herited trait, and that to one who has this 
characteristic, opportunities for success 
seem to come almost unsought. Social and educa- 
tional advantages of course add to the capability 
of such a man, but he must have these native trails 
in order to succeed in a business way. Such capa- 
bilities belong to our subject, wdio is engaged in 
painting and decorating in West Bay City, besides 
being a stockholder in the Street Railway Com- 
pany. He was one of the organizers and is a stock- 
holder of the Peoples' Savings Bank, and is inter- 
ested to some extent in real estate. 

Mr. Birchard was born iii YVilla Wana. Pa., Feb- 
ruary 26, 1857, and is the son of George Birchard, 
a native of Schoharie County, N. Y. The grand- 
father of our subject, Daniel Birchard. was a native 
of England, and on coming to America located in 
Schoharie County, N. Y., where he engaged in the 
lumber business. Eater he removed to Willa 
Wana, Pa., where he was one of the pioneer lum- 
bermen. He was a patriot in the War of 18 12. and 
passed his last days at Ithaca, N. Y., dying at the 
age of ninety years. 

George Birchard followed the same occupation 
as did his father, to which he added blacksmithing. 



He resided in Pennsylvania until 1873, when his 
sawmill being burned, he came to Michigan and 

located in Clinton County, where he farmed until 
1**1, when he came to West Kay City and is now 
living a retired life. He is an influential member 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and is active 
in all good works which have for their object the 
elevatinsj of society and the community in general. 
Socially he was a prominent .Mason. His wife, the 
mother of our subject, was Mrs. Sarah A. (Seeley) 
Birchard, a native of Pennsylvania, and the daugh- 
ter of Mr. Seeley, who was a farmer in Massachu- 
setts. Mrs. Birchard could trace her ancestry back 
to the landing of the "Mayflower." She died when 
our subject was but four and one-half years old, 
after having become the parent, of three children. 
Mr. Birchard of this sketch being the only one liv- 
ing. His two sisters were named Dell and Ann. 

Seeley R. Birchard of whom we give a brief 
sketch, was reared in Willa Wana, Pa., where he 
attended the common schools, and when fourteen 
was sent to Chemung Academy at Chemung, N. Y.. 
from which school he was graduated four years 
later. Then determining to start out in the world 
for himself, oursubject chose Michigan as his place 
of future operations and located in Reilev Town- 
ship. Clinton County, where he remained on a 
farm until lie was twenty years of age. He then 
went to DeWitt, and for three years worked as an 
apprentice at the painter's trade. Later he went 
to Grand Rapids, where he remained one winter 
and then went to St. John's, Clinton County, and 
occupied the position of foreman in the finishing 
department of the St. Jo'in's Manufacturing Com- 
pany, when having been industrious and economi- 
cal lie had saved a sufficient sum of money to en- 
able him to start in business for himself. He con- 
tinued alone i short time, however, when in the 
spring of 1882 he came to Saginaw and took charge 
of the Munger "Works, until July, 1882, when he 
Located in West Bay City. His place of business 
is Located on the corner of Midland and Walnut 
Streets, and he is engaged in doing some of the 
finest work in the city, the large contracts which 
he has taken giving him the benefit of a broad ex- 
perience, lie has gradually drifted into handling 
real estate, and owns the Van Alstine Block, where 

the Peoples' Bank is located. He also possesses 
other valuable property in West Bay City, and has 
a very pleasant residence on the corner of Ohio 
and Fremont Streets. 

The gentleman of whom we write was married 
in St. John's, this State, May 1:5. L883, the lady of 
his choice being Miss Mattie Kipp. Mrs. Birchard 
was born in Perrinsville, Wayne County, this State, 
and by her union with our subject, lias become the 
mother of two interesting children, Gleim and 
Fred. Mr. Birchard 's interest in educational affairs 
lias led him to be placed on the School Board, 
which body he has served as Secretary for four 
years. Socially he is a Free and Accepted Mason, 
belonging to Wenona Lodge, No., 256. He is also 
a Royal Arch Mason, being identified with Blanch- 
ard Chapter, No. ;"><>, at Bay City; the Bay City 
Council of the Royal and Select Masons; the Bay 
City Commandry, No. 26, of the Knights Templar; 
McCormick Grand Lodge of Perfection; and the 
Michigan Sovereign Consistory at Detroit. He is 
also a member of Nobles Mystic Shrine, and tin' 
Knights of the Maccabees. Mr. Birchard took a 
trip to Europe in 18'Jl with the Bay City Crusa- 
ders, and can recount many an interesting tale of 
that journey. In politics he is an adherent of Re- 
publican principles, having represented his party 
in both county and State conventions as a dele- 
gate. He is serving on the City Republican Com- 
mittee at the present time, and has been a member 
of the County Committee. 


fc= ••* i. m>~ 


EDGENE FI FIELD. We have here a repre- 
sentative of the firm of Merrill, Fitield & 
Co.. the Largest wholesale house in Northern 
Michigan. Mr. Fitield also has the finest stock 
farm in the Saginaw Valley and a magnificent herd 
of imported and full-blooded Herfords, in fact the 
largest herd of that kind in the State, also a large 
flock of imported Shropshire sheep. Besides this 
stock farm lie has a well-improved and highly cul- 
tivated farm in Oakland County. But more than 
his material prosperity the people of Bay City take 
pride in Mr. Fitield on account of his character, as 



tie is universally conceded to be a man of stricl 
integrity, whose transactions arc governed by true 
and honorable business principles. 

Our subjecl was born in Waterford, Oakland 
County, this State, March 5, 1851, and bis father 
was the Hon. Francis W. Fifleld, who born in Og- 
den, Monroe County. N. Y.. and removed when a 
boy to Centra] New York, whence he came to 
Michiganin 1838. His grand father, Samuel Fifleld, 
was born in Salsbury, X. II., August 23, 1793, and 
took part in the War of IM2. lie located in Mon- 
roe County. N. Y.. where he had a farm some twelve 
miles from Rochester. He came to Michigan in 
1838 but did not live long after his settlement in 
Waterford. His faithful companion, who was in 
maidenhood Sarah N. Nonas, of New Hampshire, 
(•tune to Kay City with a daughter and died in 1884 
at the extreme age of ninety-one years. 

The father of our subject was sixt'-en years old 
when he came to Michigan and soon after arriving 
here he began teaching, and after his father's death 
took charge of the farm and the family, as he was 
the eldest child. He cleared two hundred and fifty 
acres and farmed it all until 18(12 when he engaged 
in the merchandise and milling business in Water- 
ford, being a successful merchant there. In 1883 
he went to Van liuicn County where he has a fine 
farm of three hundred and twenty acres, and he is 
there engaged in raising full-blooded Norman 
horses, Shropshire sheep and Holstein cattle. Ib- 
is a Democrat, politically, and has served not only 
as Justice of the Peace and Supervisor in Water- 
ford. but was in 1862 made a member of the State 
Legislature from ( > ikland County. 1 1.' is prominent 
in the Masonic fraternity and a hard worker in 
everything which he undertakes. In 1858 he was 
elected Worthy Master, which office he held for 

twenty-one SUC0ee3ive years. He was born in 1821 
and has therefore reached tic limit of threescore 
years and ten. His good wife, whose maiden name 
was Joan .Morris, was burn in New York and came 
to Michigan with her father, who died shortly after 
their location in Oakland County. She is nowsev- 
entv-one years old and in feeble health, as she has 
experienced four paralytic strokes within the last 
seven years. 

Four boys and three uirls constituted the family 

in which our subject grew to maturity, and three 
Of this number slill survive, our subject and two 
sisters, namely: Annettie, who is Mrs. Fanning, of 
Decatur. Van Buren County. and llattie, now Mrs. 
Bradt, of Flint. Our subject- was reared upon a 
farm and studied in the common district schools, 
after which In- took three years in Clarkson Acad- 
emy and received a certificate to teach. During 
his vacations he assisted his father in the store and 
in 1H71 and 1K72 he took charge of the stave 
mill at Newport, where he did an extensive busi- 
ness both in milling and in general merchandise 
which was connected therewith. 

On the 9th of November, 1876, Mr. Fifleld Game 
to Bay City and became a partner first in the firm 
of (Justin A- Merrill, which afterward became (Jus- 
tin. Merrill A- Co.. and finally Merrill, Fifleld & Co. 
The business was located in the Denison Block on 
Water Street and occupies three floors, with a fron- 
tage of four stores. The firm also owns and oper- 
ates an elevator, which is the largest in the valley, 
and carries on a business in wholesale groceries and 
lumbermen's supplies as well as grain and produce. 
Their grain business is the largest in Bay City. For 
eight years the\ ran a branch store at West Branch. 

Both at the State Fair at Grand Rapids and at 
the first Detroit Exposition Mr. Fifleld received 
premiums on his live stock, and indeed has received 
more premiums for excellence in this line than any 
other man in the State. At the head of his herd 
stand "Harold" and other notable Ilerefords are 
"Greenhorn Fifth." an imported animal, and '"Al- 
ger." a three-year-old of his own raising. In Octo- 
ber, 1891, he took first premium on "Alger" and 
second on -Harold." At three different times he 
has imported cattle and has brought about two 
hundred info the country and is now looked to as 
source from which to seek the finest stock. He has 
also been successful in sheep and has taken prem- 
iums on his Shropshires wherever shown. lie is 
considered the largest breeder and importer in 
Michigan especially in the line of Ilerefords. He is 
a member of the Executive Committee of the State 
Agricultural Society and was re-elected to that 
position in 189 1. 

The marriage of Mr. Fifleld and Miss llattie 11. 
Hammond took place February 1<>. is7.">. This 



lady Was born in Independence, Oakland County, 
and is a daughter of Joel Hammond, an earlj set- 
tler from New Jersey, who was very successful in 
Michigan and upon his death Left an estate of 
$40,000. One child, Nellie, has blessed the home 
of Mr. and Mrs. Fifield. Mr. Fifield is prominenl 
in the Masonic order, being an official member in the 
Knights Templar, Scottish Rite and the Mystic 
Shrine. and also one of the Trustees of the Masonic 
Temple Association. lie belongs to both the Amer- 
ican Hereford Breeders Association and the Amer- 
ican Shropshire Association and is active as a mem- 
ber of the Republican party. 

ffiAMES ('. DANFORTH. In reviewing the 
varied interests of West Bay City, with a 
desire to convey to ourreadersa knowledge 
of its resources and its prominent citizen-. 
we are called upon to notice the life of this gen- 
tleman, who is the most extensive sewering and 
paving contractor in West Bay City. As a soldier 
in the late war he has a creditable record, and as a 
citizen he possesses the confidence of the commun- 
ity. His portrait is presented in connection with 
the following biographical notice. 

In Java, Wyoming County, X. V.. our subject 
was born August 2.">. 1843. His father. John Dan- 
forth, was born in Dungavin, Ireland, m 1798, and 
was reared on a farm, learning the trade ofastone 
cutter and mason in his youth. In ls->7 he emi- 
grated to the United States. locating in LeRoy, 
N. Y., and removing thence to Java, which was at 
that time but sparsely settled. He purchased one. 
hundred acres in the Holland Purchase and built 
thereon a log house containing two rooms and 
roofed with hark. After placing substantia] im- 
provements on the place he sold it for $56 
In 1858 John Danforth removed to Mt. Morris. 
where he engaged in the grocery business and also 
ran a canal boat with the assistance of his sons. In 
1867 he came to Bay City where he bought some 
real estate and remained until his death in 1878. ! 
A prominent Democrat, he held various township 

Offices, and during his residence in New York 

served as an officer in the militia. His religious 
belief brought him into sympathy with the Catho- 
lic (lunch, of which he was a devout member. His 
wife, whose maiden name was Mary A. Carroll, 
was horn in Droheade, County Meath, Ireland, and 
was the daughter of Michael Carroll, a linen man- 
ufacturer of that place, who came to the United 
States about 1830, locating in Wyoming County, 
N. Y., where he died when more than eighty years 
old. Mrs. Mary A. Danforth passed away in 1862. 
Three children were born to the parents of our 
subject: Catherine, now Mrs. Keenan, of Midland 
County, this State; our subject, and Patrick who 
enlisted in 1863 in the One Hundredth Pennsyl- 
vania Infantry and served until the close of the 
Civil War, his decease taking place January 2. 1892, 
in Cleveland. ( Hiio. < >ur subject was the second in 
order of birth and remained upon his father's farm 
in Java until fifteen years of age. On the removal 
of the family to Mt. Morris he assisted his father 
m the grocery business for a time, and afterward 
ran a boat on Erie Canal between Olean and Al- 
bany, becoming a captain, and for three years car- 
rying on a successful business. 

In November, lKC'S. Mr. Danforth entered (he 
service of his country in the War of the Rebellion, 
enlisting at Rochester in Companj II, Fourteenth 
New York Heavy Artillery. The regiment was 
mustered in at Klmira and sent South into Vir- 
ginia. Mr. Danforth took part in the following 
engagements: Battle of the Wilderness, Spottsyl- 
vania. North Anna River, Cold Harbor; the siege 
of Petersburg June 16, lit. 20, and July 30; South 
>idc Railroad August 20, and Yellow House. He 
was wounded at Petersburg June 20, receiving a 
gunshot wound which fractured his right leg above 
the ankle. 

In spite of his injury Mr. Danforth went into 
battle with his regiment July .30, at Petersburg, 
where he was again severely wounded by a bayo- 
net thrust through the abdomen. This laid him 
up for awhile, but with indomitable spirit he in- 
sisted on getting well and in a few weeks after- 
ward was again with his regiment. I fe was engaged 
with hi- company in tearing down and destroying 
cum crib- when he was caughl under a falling crib 



and badly crushed. This incapacitated him for 
service for a long tunc but he remained with his 
regiment until the close <>f the war and was dis- 
charged .May 17. I860, at Washington, where he 
took pari in the Grand Review. 

Mr. Danforth returned home after his discharge 
from the army and in the spring oi the same year 
took a trip bo Ireland where he remained for three 
months, visiting relatives. Returning home in the 
fall he went to the Pennsylvania oil regions, visit- 
ing Pithole City and West Hickney. There he in- 
vested in land and bored for oil, and was there 
during the gFeat excitement which ensued on the 
discovery in thai region. However, he was not 
successful in his undertaking and soon afterward 
went to Buffalo where he engaged in -the black- 
smith and wagon business. 

In the spring of L867 Mr. Danforth sold out and 
came to .Midland City and here he engaged in the 
lumbering business until 1869 when he removed to 
Wenona, now West Kay City. For several years 
he acted as foreman in a number of lumber camps, 
among them those of Bailey & Co., on the Rifle 
River where he remained for two years with sixty 
or eighty men under him. He was also employed 
in Sage's mill for four years. For five years he 
served as Street Commissioner of West Hay City. 
during which time he did much hard work for the 
city in the way of improving the si reel-. 

In 1882 Mr. Danforth resigned his , osition to 
engage in the construction and putting in of the 
water-works, taking the contract to layseven miles 
of mains, which took over a year's time to com- 
plete. He also took subsequent con tracts for the 
.same work, and in fact may be called the father of 
the water-works system of the city. The mains 
were laid in 188J and he has since been engaged 
in sewer contracting, putting down $20,000 worth 
of city sewers in I K8it. His contracts with the « ■ i 1 \ 
this year (18i)2) will aggregate U 1,000 for sewer- 
age and $32,000 for pavements. 

Mr. Danforth was married October 10, 1870, in 
Saginaw City, to Miss Mary A. Abraham, a native 
of County Kilkenny. Ireland, who was reared in 
Goderich, Ontario. They have two children: Etta, 
who is attending St. Mary's School at .Monroe, 
Mich., and Mary A., at home. Of late years Mr. 

Danforth has been a Republican and opposed to 
adopting free trade. He served as Alderman of the 
Fourth Ward and also one year as Constable. He 
was a member of the building Committee of St. 
Mary's Church, and also belongs to the Catholic 
Mutual Benefit Association, the West Bay City 
Building and Loan Association, and the West Bay 
City Business Men's Association, lie has been a 
delegate to both county and State conventions. A 
genial and social man, of fine appearance, he is 
very popular wherever known. 


G— . 


\ APOLEON LA FRANCE, of the firm of 

F. La Fn e A- Son, is an enterprising and 

progressive young man, who, with his fa- 
ther, is carrying on a large livery and undertak- 
ing establishment in West Bay City. Francis La 
France was born in Canada of French ancestry. 
and was a blacksmith by trade, residing near Mon- 
treal. In 1871 he brought his family to Bay City 
and located at Banks, then South Bay City, after- 
ward removing to West Hay City, where he ran a 
blacksmith shop for awhile, afterward drifting into 
the livery business, from which his present large 
establishment has grown. His wife, whose maiden 
name was l'hilomena Beaudoin, was born in Mon- 
treal. Fourteen children were horn to this couple, 
of whom ten are now living, and of whom our 
subject was the sixth child. 

Napoleon La Franc' was reared and educated 
in Hay City, assisting his father in his livery bu>i 
ness, and in iss7 becami a partner in the firm. 
They built their 'large stable in November. 1889. 
It is 18x90 feet in dimensions with twenty-five-foot 
posts. The upper door of the building is fur- 
nished as a large public hall and is used by dif- 
ferent organizations as a place of meeting. The 
establishment is the largesl of the kind in West 
Hay City, and is amply supplied with excellent 
teams and conveyances of all descriptions. In 
1*:»1 the firm added undertaking to their livery 
business, of which our subject was made manager. 
He is also interested in real estate and in farming. 
He i- connected with the Minneapolis Building & 



Loan Association, tin d a similar Association in De- 
troit. He belongs to a number of social orders, 
being a member of the Iron Hall, the Foresters, 
tin- Knights of the Maccabees and the Ancient 
Order of the United Workmen. He is well known 
in business circles and will undoubtedly malce his 
mark in tin- world as a business man. 



RANK B. FLORENTINE, M. D. This well- 
known professional man. of Saginaw, is a 
native of Illinois, having been born in the 
city of Chicago, June H'>. L849. His parents, Jo- 
seph and Cecile (Bergeron) Florentine, wen 1 born 
in Orleans, France, and emigrated to the United 
States in 1849, the Doctor being born soon after 
the arrival of the family in Chicago. 

From the age of seven to twelve our subject 
attended Iherommon school, and then the High 
School. At the age of fifteen he entered the ser- 
vice of his country, in March, 1865, and served 
one year as a private in Company II, Fifty-eighth 
Illinois Infantry, and was mustered out in March. 
1866, at Montgomery, Ala. 

Upon his return to Chicago the young man de- 
cided to attend secular schools for five years 
longer, at the same time keeping up the study of 
medicine under the late Prof. Moses Gunn, of 
Chicago, and afterward with Dr. D. K. Cornell, 
of St. Louis. Mo., also taking special studies and 
pursuing a course at Bourbonnais College and 
Kankakee (111.) High School. Afterward he taught 
school for awhile at Kankakee, Watseka, Beaver 
and Pleasant Grove. Later he spent some time 
m the College at Eureka, 111., where he attended 
to his classical studies. 

In 1872 the Doctor went to Paris. France, in 
order to complete his classical studies, remaining 
there eighteen months. Then, upon his return 
home, he entered Rush Medical College, Medical 
Department of the Northwestern University of 
Chicago, being graduated therefrom in iS7<>. (inly 
a few weeks alter he graduated from the latter in- 
stitution he located in Saginaw, where he has re- 
sided ever since in the pursuit of hi- profession. 

In 1889 he again visited Europe and took special 
courses in gynecology and surgery, and after his 

return to tins country Located on the Fast Side of 

the city, where he has since conducted his profes- 
Si< .n.-i I work. 

Oursubjecl is a member of the American .Medical 
Association, the Michigan State .Medical Society 
and the Alumni Association of Push Medical Col- 
lege. He is also a member of Gordon Granger 
Post. No. 38, G. A. P. lie was married, in 1*77, 
to Miss Marie Louise Andre, daughter of the 
Hon. Alexander Andre, of the well-known real 
estate firm of Andre Bros., of Saginaw, and they 
have been Messed by the gift of two children, 
namely: Edward Alexander, aged thirteen, and 
William Herbert, aged seven, with whom the\ re- 
side at No. 507 South Washington Avenue. 

The Doctor has been a member of the Board id' 
Health and Health Officer for a number of year-. 
He is also a liberal contributor to medical journals 

and has translate d s e valuable works from the 

French and German languages into the English 

F=! -^ 


<« IVILLIS Mil. LLP. proprietor of the Chesan- 
\ / ing Argus, was bom in Cayuga County. 
W \. v.. March 6, 1858. At the age of ten 
years he accompanied his parents, William II. 
and Matilda A. Miller, to Steuben County, Ind.. 
and four years later to Hersey, Osceola County, 
Mich., where he served an apprenticeship of three 
years in the Osceola Outline office. He was also 
employed as a compositor on the Lake County 
Star and Reed City Clarion, and filled the posi- 
tion of assistant editor on the last-named journal. 
On January 1. 1878, Mr. Miller came to Chesan- 
i 1 1 lz and bought a half interest in the Chesaning 
Argus, which had Keen established the previous 
year. The following .Inly he purchased his part- 
ner's interest, and since then has conducted the 
paper alone. He was married February II. 1879. 
to Carrie C. Warren, who was horn in Kalamazoo 
and is a daughter of Joel P. and Caroline C. 
Warren, natives of New York. Mrs. Miller belongs 



to a family of journalists, and three of her uncles 
were interested in the newspaper business, one of 
■whom was Volney Hascall, for thirty years editor 
of the Kalamazoo Gazette; her grandfather and 
father were gifted writers, and she has inherited 
a taste and gift for the work that has been of 
great assistance to her husband in their married 

Two children have been horn to Mr. .Miller and 
his wife — Olive Hascall and Nellie Warren. The 
elder, Olive, was transferred to the heavenly home 
November 2. 1879, and since that sad event, the 
whole course and tenor of the parents' lives seemed 
to change, and they sought to learn more of the 
mystery called death, the result of which served 
to turn them from Materialism to Spiritualism. 
This change was made mosl apparent in their 
newspaper work. Mr. Miller never hesitating to 
give his sentiments on any question. 

Previous to the advent of the Argus several fu- 
tile attempts had been made to start a paper in 
Chesaning, only to prove a disastrous failure after 
the novelty had worn oft'. Therefore it was with 
the greatest difficulty that the Argus won the con- 
fidence of the people and succeeded in placing il- 
self on a sound basis. This is owing almost en- 
tirely to the indomitable will and courage of the 
editor, whose trials in the beginning would have 
discouraged many an older head. Upon coming 
to Chesaning Mr. Miller put all his earnings into 
the office, and whatever he has of this world's 
goods has been gained by hard labor, push and 
enterprise. At the beginning of his newspaper 
work here lie was the youngest proprietor and 
editor in the State, being then only twenty years 
of age. He may truly be said to be a self-made 
man, and, as he himself aptly remarks, a graduate 
of the "World's College." 

Mr. Miller has the satisfaction of seeing the 
Argus looked upon as the ••people's paper." it 
having a wide-spread circulation, and its influ- 
ence reaching not only throughout this county 
but into the surrounding communities. Besides 
its home circulation il is a welcome visitor to 
many homes in all parts of the State, and in al- 
most every State of the Union. The Argus, al- 
ways independent in politics, has within the past 

four years been aggressively so. but ever on the 
side of the people. It has labored zealously in the 
progressive and reform movements agitating the 
country, and in behalf of the industrial class it 
has taken sides with the Patrons of Industry and 
the Alliance organization. It always favors re- 
ligious and political freedom, and any move- 
ment that will benefit humanity. By thus uphold- 
ing what he believes to lie principles" of justice 
and right, Mr. Miller has many times brought 
down upon his head vials of wrath, threats and 
persecutions from those who differed with him. 
But through it all he held his ground and stood 
firm until victory has crowned his efforts, and he 
now has the support of almost the entire com- 

HARLES G LASER. This gentleman is the 
(' it y[('ompt roller of West Kay City. to which 

—/ office he was appointed by the City Council 
in August, 1891, and which he holds satisfactorily 
to all concerned. He was born in Northern Ger- 
many, November I. 1839, and received a thorough 
education in his native place, going through the 
Latin school at the city of Magdeburg, and then 
attended the University at Halle, taking a Civil 
Engineering course, graduating with the degree of 
Civil Engineer, lie was then examined by the 
Government examiners, and entering the service 
of the Prussian Government in the capacity of an 
engineer, remained in that office until coming to 
the United States. 

On December 21, 1K(>(>. Mr. Glaser arrived in this 
country, and landing in New York State, went to 
Connecticut and remained there for three years. 
He had intended staying here but a short time 
only, coming on a visit but deciding to remain here, 
in 1869 came to West Lay City, entered the em- 
ploy of the Jackson, Lansing A- Saginaw Railroad 
to explore the lines from here to Mackinaw. He 
worked for this road five years and ten months, 
and until the line was built to Gaylord. He then 
entered in the contracting business, doing his first 
work in West Bay City paving the streets. Sub- 




<m™., ffl^ jte-zd&w 



seqnently in 1881 this gentleman engaged with the 
Michigan Centra] Railroad as Chief Clerk in the 
Locomotive Department, and held thai position 
for ten years, when he was appointed Comptroller 
of West Bay City, which position he is the incum- 
bent of to-day. 

Mr. Glaser was married to Miss Mary KetekSOn, 
who was born in Denmark, but lived in Hamburg, 
Germany, from her early childhood. This evenl 
occurred March 23, 1867. Two children have been 
the result Of this happy union, who bear the names 
of Nettie and Ella. Our subject is a member of 
the Independent Order of odd Fellows, the Royal 
Arcanum. National Union, and the Knights of the 
Maccabees. The pleasant residence in which he re- 
sides was erected by himself and is located at No. 
209 North Linn Street, where he has resided some 

<^j APT. JOHN W. JORDAN, who is an old 
(l(^-, sailorof thirty years' experience, was born 
^±yJ in Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio, November 26, 
1839. His father. Mills Jordan, was a native of 
Virginia as was also his grandfather, who was a 
soldier in the War of 1812 and a wealthy planter, 
belonging to the F. F. Vs. He became disgusted 
with slavery and gave his slaves free papers, bring- 
ing them with him on his removal to Ohio, lie 
engaged in the banking business in the Buckeye 
State and there died. 

The father of our subject was married in Ohio 
where he followed the trade of a carpenter and 
joiner, dying in Akron, that State, in 1817. lie 
was a Whig in politics and in religion a Congre- 
gationalism His wife whose maiden name was 
Catherine Bascomb, was born in County Donegal, 
Ireland, her parents being natives of Scotland. 
After her parents' death which occurred when she 
was quite young, she came with her uncle to this 
country and resided in Albany until twelve years 
of age, then removing to Cuyahoga Falls. She 
died in 1854, leaving five children of whom four 
are living. Of this family our subject isthe second 
child and only son. 

John W.Jordan resided in Akron until fifteen 

years of age. When only thirteen years old he 
went to work in the railroad shops of the Cleve- 
land, Zanesville & Cincinnati Railroad, at Akron, 
where he remained for two years, a part of the 
time acting as fireman on a passenger train between 
Akron and Millersburg. lie then came to Cleve- 
land where he worked for a time as a mechanic, 
but being taken ill and suffering from weak fuiigs 
he engaged as a sailor, hoping to regain his health 
in that way. This proving to be the ease and the 
life proving congenial he has continued thus en- 
gaged ever since. He first sailed in the "Charles 
Meares" between Chicago and the east shore of 
Lake Michigan, and one year later embarked on a 
vessel in the lumber trade at, North Sandusky, 
serving three years before the mast. 

When twenty-two years old Mr. Jordan was 
made mate of the schooner "A. Rust" serving in 
that capacity for one year. Afterward he was 
mate of the "William Kelley," running to St. Joe, 
for a season, and was then made second mate of 
the passenger propel lor "Genesee Chief," sailing 
between Buffalo and Saginaw, in which position he 
remained for two seasons. For one season he was 
mate of the steam barge "Salina," for two seasons 
master of the tow barge "Oardner," master of the 
propellor "Trader" two seasons and master of the 
steam barge "Holland." in the iron and lumber 
trade for three seasons. He then spent one season 
on his farm in Lucas County, where he owned 
forty acres of improved land. 

Returning to his life as a sailor ('apt. Jordan 
served as mate of the "Prindeville" for two 
seasons, mate of the propeller "Arizona" three 
seasons, made one trip on the "Genesee" and the 
remainder of the season on the ' McBrier" and the 
next spring fitted out the schooner "Gallatia," of 
which he was Captain for three months. He after- 
ward sailed on different vessels, among them the 
"Maine," "Mineral Rock," and in 1891 made one 
trip on the "Maine" spending the balance of the 
season on the steamer "Burlington," engaged in 
the lumber trade, lie sailed the propellor "S. D. 

Caldwell" season and part of a second season, 

until the arches were broken. The Captain then 
rebuilt it and during the remainder of the season 
ran it as a barge, since he was sixteen veal's old 



he ha> been :i sailor, and during tin' thirty-six 
years has never had a fatal accident on any of his 

Capt. Jordan was married in Bryan, Ohio, Janu- 
ary 30, 1865, i" Miss Mar\ A.Smith, who was born 
in Huntington County, Ind. Mrs. Jordan is the 
daughter of Samuel Smith, a uative of Pennsyl- 
vania, and an early pioneer of Indiana, who later 
located in Lucas County, Ohio, and there died. 
His wife whosemaiden name was Amanda Sterling, 
was also a native of Pennsylvania, and died in 
Ohio. Among six children .Mrs. Jordan was the 
second in order of birth. Two of her brothers 
served in the Civil War. George being a member of 
the Fourth Ohio Regiment, and Jacob a Sergeanl 
in the Fourteenth Ohio. The latter died in a few 
years after his return home, from disease contracted 
at Lookout Mountain. Mrs. Jordan was reared in 
Ohio, to which State her father removed when she 
was fifteen years of age. 

Our subject and his wife have three children 
namely: John W.. who is a lumber inspector in 
the employ of McCormick Bros., of Menominee; 
Jessie M. and M. Gertrude, both at home. Mr 
Jordan is f. charter member of the Bay City Branch 
No. 5, of the Excelsior Marine Benevolent Society, 
and also belongs to the Masonic fraternity. In 
politics he is a Republican. He is a sociable, jovial 
man, an excellent companion, anil has been vers 
successful in his business operations. 

In connection with this notice appears a portrait 
of Capt. Jordan. 

eAPT. IRA F. HOLT owns and operates the 
Detroit. Bay City &■ Alpena Line of steam- 
ers, that ply between Saginaw, Lav City and 
Alpena. Although his home is in Detroit, he car- 
ries on his business in Bay City. He was horn in 
EnOSburg, Yt.. -Inly 1 1. 1829. His father. Nicholas 
M.. was horn in Berkshire County. Ma-.-., while his 
grandfather, Abial, was a native of Connecticut. 
and took part in the Revolutionary War. 

The father was engaged in the leather business, 

and carried on a tannery and the manufacture of 
boots and shoes, conducting a prosperous business 
at Knoshuru and Burlington, lie was a Whig m 
his political views, anil a stanch adherent of Henry 
Clay and Daniel Webster. In 1839 he made his 
home at (olden. Eric County. N. Y., and in 1 8">4 
removed to Brecksville, Ohio, where he spent the 
remainder of his days upon a farm, dying in list;?. 
at tin age of sixty-six. 

Ann Reynolds was the maiden name of the 
mother of our subject, and her father, Joshua Rey- 
nolds, of Berkshire County. Mass., was a fainier. 
At the age of thirteen years, he entered service in 
the Revolutionary War as a drummer boy, and 
served until the close of that period of conflict. 
While still young he located at Enosburg, Vt., and 
there carried on an extensive contracting and 
building business, lie spent his last days al Colden, 

N. Y.. and died at the age of eighty-six years. He 
wa- of Scotch de-cent and a man of sterling and 
upright character. Mrs. Ann Holt lived to be 
eighty-five years old, and died at Brecksville, Ohio, 
in 1889. She was an earnest Christian, and amem- 
ber of the Congregational Church. 

The six sons of this mother were Arraberl, F.. 
Ira F., Edgar A., human S., JosiahM. and Lorenzo. 
The last died at the age of twenty years; Arra- 
bert died of consumption contracted while in the 
army. Edgar and Josiah were both in the army 
for a short time and Luinan S. served through the 
entire war. under K ilpatrick. Cu-ter and Mead. 
Our subject was brought up in the hilly country 
of Vermont, and attended school in the district 

scl Ihouse, studying Daboll's Arithmetic and the 

■ •Id English Reader. 

At the age of sixteen, this youth went to Buffalo, 
N. Y.. and obtained a position in a whole-ale gro- 
cery. Six month- later his employer failed in 
business, leaving the boy penniless in midwinter. 
He soon obtained a position until the opening of 
navigation, when he went on a steamer as clerk, 
and later traded on the boat-. He was highly SUC- 
. t — till in this line of business, and was able to se- 
cure good credit, trading between Buffalo and Chi- 
cago, and following this business until he was 
twenty-three years old. 

In 1853 Mr. Holt was married in Buffalo to Miss 



Pearl M.. daughter of Lorenzo Ward and grand- 
daughter of Judge William Ward, of Vermont, who 
served bis country in the War of the Revolution, 
and who afterward, during a long life of nearly 
seventy years, served with integrity and honor his 
town and State in various official capacities. 

After 1 1 is marriage, Mr. Holt removed to Lake 
Superior, and was one of the pioneers of Superior 
City, where he engaged in speculating in real estate 
and was fortunate in leaving without experiencing 
serious losses from the unlooked for depreciation 
in lands. While there, the site of the present eit\ 
of Duluth was laid outdirectly acrossthe hay from 
Superior City. 

Going from there to Milwaukee. Mr. Holt took 
charge of Scott's .Milwaukee & Grand Haven Win- 
ter Line, and in summer the boats ran between 
Cleveland and Lake Superior ports. In 1867 he 
removed to Detroit and built his present home on 
( a-- Avenue. In 1869 he established an express 

business On the boat line between Lay City and 

Alpena in connection with the American Express 
Company. This was when lumbering on the Lake 
Huron shore was at it- height,and t In- largeamounts 
of express matter, shipped to the lumber camps 
made the business profitable, .lust previous to paj 
days at the lumber camps, as high a- $30,000 
would be sent through the express at one time. 

In 1*72 ('apt. Holt and others purchased the 
line of boats between Lay City and Alpena. In 
1 880 he established a line of steamers from Duluth 
down the ninth shore of Lake Superior and con- 
tinued this line until 1887, when he placed the 
boats on the north shore of Lake Michigan. In 
October, 1890, he purchased his partner's interest 
in the Lay City and Alpena Line, and has since 
concentrated hi- steamboat interests in tin- line. 
In summer his boats make trips to Mackinaw, and 
t hey constitute the only important line of passenger 
and freighl boats out of the Saginaw Valley. He 
is interested in the iron lands of the Vermillion 
Range on the north shore of Lake Superior, and 
has had interests in boat lines running out of Du- 
luth, Green Bay, Mackinaw and other point- on 

the lakes. 

The two children of our subject are Marion W .. 
who is now Mrs. S. L. Ilubcr.of Detroit and Frank 

I., who was born in Detroit and was graduated 

from the Detroit HighSchool. lie ha- -teamboated 
for the pa-t few years, and is now in charge of the 
office ai Bay ( iiy as Secretary and Treasurerof the 
Detroit. Lay City & Alpena Line. The Captain is 
a true blue Republican in his political views, and 
is greatly interested in the welfare of his party. 

The first I're-idenl he voted for was (.en. Scott, of 

the Whin parly in 1*.~>2. 

AMUEL S. (ARSON. We are pleased to 
"v^ be able to give here a sketch of this gen- 
ff J tleman, who is now not only Justice of 
the Peace and Notary Public, but Pension 
and Loan Agenl at Chesaning. He was bom in 
Dorman Township. Harrison County, Ohio, June 
2<l. 1834, and is a son of Samuel and Elizabeth 
(Willoughby) Carson. The father, a fanner, re- 
moved to Seneca County, Ohio, in 1836, and 
bought land, and there spent the remainder of his 
day-, and thus our subject was reared upon a 
farm and after studying in the common schools 
took one term at an academy at Republic, Seneca 
County. lie began to teach at the age of twenty- 
two, thus disposing of his time during the win- 
ter-, while lie farmed in the summer, and was thus 
employed for five winters previous to the War of 
the Rebellion. 

This young man was united in marriage Feb- 
ruary 29, I860, to .Miss Sabra E. Miller, of Seneca 

County, Ohio, a native of Tuscarawas County, 
where she was born in September, 1842. The do- 
mestic life of this couple was interrupted by the 
enlistment of our subject under his nation's ban- 
ner in August, 1862, in Company F, One Hundred 
and Twenty-third Ohio Infantry. This regiment 
became a part of the Army of the Potomac, but 
the service of the young man was not prolonged, 
as hi fever which attacked him settled in his 
head, causing deafness, on account of which he 
received hi- honorable discharge in March. 1K63. 
Having returned to Seneca County, .Mr. Carson 
remained there until 1865, when he sold his prop- 
erty and removed to Chesaning, where he bought 



land and engaged in fanning and stock-raising 
until about three year- ago, when lie removed to 
the village and began to give his attention inure 
closely t<> the pension business, which he had pre- 
viously taken up. lie became Notary Public 
some twelve years ago and was elected to the of- 
liee of Magistrate during this current year. 

Previous to attaining his majority Samuel Car- 
son had hired his time of his father for six months. 
promising to pay $8 per month, and coming to 
Michigan, in 1854, he cul Cordwood at twenty- 
five cents a cord in order to cancel this obligation. 
After spending two years in Michigan and one 
year in the lumber woods of Wisconsin, he re- 
turned to Ohio, and there began the teaching of 
which we have spoken. 

Our subject is a member of ■• Pap" Thomas Post, 
No. 121, G. A. 1!.. in which he is Quartermaster- 
Sergeant. His children arc: (clia. Mrs. George 
Bennett; William S.. a farmer in Chesaning Town- 
ship, Saginaw County; Hattie, the wife of Sey- 
mour 0. Sanford; Etta, who married Andrew Zull; 
Samuel, Ethel and Bethel. The three last-named 
live at home. 

Robert Carson, the grandfather of our subject. 
served under Gen. Washington throughout the 
seven years of the Revolutionary War, and Samuel 
Carson, the father of our subject, was a soldier 
under Commodore Perry on Lake Erie during the 
War of 1812, and took part in the celebrated vic- 
tory, lie was the father of five sons, four of 
whom were soldiers in the Civil War. and being- 
each in a different division, never met while in 
the army, but all lived to conic home, and three 
of the four still survive. 

One of these sons. II. II. Carson, was a minister 
of the Gospel for thirty-six years and Chaplain of 
the Grand Army Post at Owosso. His death was 
caused by his horse getting bewildered in a storm 
and walking off a bridge, so that Mr. Carson fell 
• into the river and for several days his body drifted 
under the ice before it was recovered. 'Parting- 
ton B., a younger brother of our subject, belonged 
to the Fourteenth Ohio Infantry, ami is Post- 
master at New Washington. Ohio, and George W. 
belonged to the One Hundred and Sixty-fourth 
Ohio Infantry, and is now :i minister of the Meth- 

odist Episcopal Church, at Hemlock City, this 
county. Our subject, who receives a monthly 
pension of |22 from the Government, is so afflicted 
with deafness that he is obliged to use artificial 

ear drum.- in order to attend to business. 



EROME K. STEVENS. This dealer in real 
estate and abstracts has the best set of ab- 
stracts of titles in this county. His place 
of business is at No. 211 North Hamilton 
Street. Saginaw. lie was born at Cleveland. Os- 
wego County. N. V.. March :S. 1836, and was seven 
years old when the family came to Michigan in the 
fall of L843. They came to Saginaw in the fall of 
1848. At the age of fifteen he went to Detroit, 
and wa- employed for four years in a wholesale 
grocery, going thence to Racine. Wis., where he 
kept books for a lumber firm for about three years. 
The young man then spent four years at Chi- 
cago, and in the spring of 1861 returned to Sagi- 
naw, and was senior member of the firm of Stevens. 
Poole & Co., wholesale and retail diy-goods mer 
chants. In 1870 he severed his connection with 
this firm, ami was elected Register of Deeds of 
Saginaw County. Our subject is a Republican in 
politics, and is popular with the men of his parly. 
He was re-elected a- Register of Deedsin 1872, and 
again in 1874 serving in all. six year.-. 

In 1*77 Mr. Stevens engaged in the real estate 
business having extensive dealings in both city 
and farming property and having the control of 
over one hundred thousand acres of farming land 
both improved and wild, located in Saginaw and 
adjoining counties. He has also a great deal of 
.•it \ property which he sells on easy terms to actual 
settlers, and it is well worth the while for those 
who wish lo secure homes to see what he has to 

Our subject was married in October, 18(12, to 
Miss Mary E. Coy. of < auandaigua. N. Y., and 
their children are Charles C. Bessie E., George J. 
anil Clara E. Charles is in business with his father 
and ha- had the advantages of the High School 



and of Orchard Lake Military Academy. George 
was also graduated at the High School, and is at 
presenl Deputy ('(unity Treasurer of Woodbury 
County, Iowa, and makes his home at Sioux City, 
lie had previously served for some years as corres- 
ponding clerk in the Sioux City National Bank, 
and il was on aCCOUnl of his work there that lie 
was able to secure the splendid position which lie 
now tills. The daughters also are graduates of the 
High School. 



[CHAEL RIEGEL, the accommodating 
and popular Postmaster of Salzburg, is 
also engaged as a general merchant, hav- 
ing his place of business on the corner of 
State and Morton Streets, lie was horn at Gundel- 
fingen, near Augsburg, Bavaria, Germany, Decem- 
ber 9, 1852, and is a son of Michael Riegel, Sr.. 
also a native of the Fatherland. The paternal 
grandfather of our subject, John K. Riegel. was in 
the German army and went to Russia under Na- 
poleon, when the army was destroyed and each 
soldier had to get back as best he could. Mr. Riegel 
came hone on foot and alone, and the sufferings 
which he endured it would be impossible to nar- 
rate, lie was a fancy linen weaver by occupation 
and resided near Augsburg. He lived to the good 
old age of ninety-eight years, and died, beloved 
by all who knew him. 

Michael Riegel, Sr.. was a rope manufacturer, 
and carried on business in (Jim for a number 
of years. He, however, returned to his native 
Gundelflngen, where he prosecuted Ins calling 
until his death, in 1886. at the age of seventy- 
sis years. Magdalene Stahl, the mother of our 
subject, was born in Wurtemburg, Germany, in 
1801). and was the daughter of J. Carl Stahl. a na- 
tive of Wurtemburg, and a manufacturer of toys, 
which were made from bone. Mrs. Riegel died tin- 
same year as her husband — 18H6, when seventy- 
seven years of age. In church relations they were 
conscientious members of the Lutheran Church. 

Seven children were included in the parental 
family, of whom our subject was the youngesl in 

order of birth. Septimus G. served seven years in 
the German army, and when mustered out was a 
Lieutenant; he now carries on the manufacturing 
business established by his father in Germany. 
John K. served in the A ustro- Prussian War, in 
1 Mill, in which he was a Corporal; he came to Amer- 
ica in 1867, and died in West Lay City. Chris- 
tine is now Mrs. Eggert, and resides in West Bay 
City; Jacob also served in the Austin-Prussian 
War. and is now a rope and sea-grass manufacturer 
in the old country; George served three years in 
the German army and makes his home in West 
Bay City; Lizzie, Mrs. Fasnacht, makes her home 
in ( rcrmany. 

Our subject was reared in the village of Gundel- 
fingen, which numbered live thousand inhabitants, 
and attended the common school until thirteen 
years of age, when he spent one year in a select 
school. After completing his studies he was ap- 
prenticed for three years to a locksmith, and then 
learned the trade of a machinist in Augsburg and 
traveled through different parts of Bavaria, .Aus- 
tria. Bohemia. Wurtemburg, Baden, Hesse-Darm- 
stadt and the Rhine Provinces, occupying in all 
all about eight months. On his return home from 
his travels he decided to come to America, and in 
June, 1871, sailed from Antwerp. Holland, to 
Hull, then to Liverpool, and on the steamer "Brit- 
tanic," came to Boston, landing on American 
shores July 2(1, of that, year. lie worked at his 
trade m New York City, and in February, 1 872, 
came to West Bay City, then Wenona. 

After being engaged in different occupations for 
several years Mr. Riegel, in 1K7M, started in the 
grocery business on Fitzhugh Avenue, in Salzburg, 
where he remained one year and then removed to 
State street. In 1879 he was appointed Postmaster 
under President Hayes, and has been retained in 
that Capacity ever since. In 1885 he purchased 

his present store building, and is engaged in doing 
a fine general merchandise business. 

Miss Mary B. Smith became the wife of our sub- 
ject in 1878, their marriage being solemnized in 
West Lay City. Mrs. Riegel is a native of Franken- 
lust Township. Bay County, and is the daughter 
of John Smith, an old settler in that place. Mr. 
and Mrs. Riegel have become the parents of seven 

, 56 


children, viz: Elinora, John M., Fred W., Oscar, 
Minnie. Freddie and Septimus E. 

Our subject has been n member of the Board of 
Education for the past six years, having been 
Presidenl of that body in 1890-91. Socially he is a 
member of the Independent < Irder of ( >dd Fellows, 
of which he is Past Grand; he also served as Dis- 
trict Deputy, and has been a delegate several times 
to the ( Hand Lodge, lie is President of the Ar- 
beiter Society at West Bay City, which order he 
joined in 1875; he is also a member of the Royal 
Arcanum, and the Knights of the Maccabees, and 
is Commander of Bavarian Tent. In politics he is 
a firm Republican and has been a delegate to State 
and county conventions. 

A lithographic portrait of Mr. Riegel accom- 
panies his personal sketch. 

■> l.'ASTCS LORD DUNBAR, who has been 
Superintendent a::<i Secretary of the Bay 
« City Water Works since they were organized 
in January, 1872, has a high standing as a civil 
engineer, as well as being a man of rare social 
qualities. He was born in Ellsworth, Conn.. Au- 
gust 13, 1846, and remained thereuntil he reached 
the age of eighteen, when he came to Bay City. 
His father, the Hon. Horace Dunbar, was horn in 
Connecticut, and his grandfather, Aaron, was also 
a Connecticut farmer, of Scotch descent, of an old 
New England family, originating here in the sev- 
enteenth century. 

The father had a line farm of one hundred acres 
in Litchfield County, Conn., and was prominent in 
his part of the State, lie occupied a seat in the 
Connecticut Legislature during one term, and for 
years was Selectman for his township. His politics 
wire of the Republican stripe, and he was a mem- 
ber of the Congregational Church. His death 
took place in May, and he was then seventy-four 
years old. 

The mother of our subject was Ann Jeanette, 
daughter of Erastus Lord, who was a Connecticut 
farmer, of English descent. She died in May, 1891, 

only three weeks from the date of her husband's 
demise, when she was seventy-two years old. Of 
her live children, four grew to maturity, and our 
subjeel i- the youngest of the number. His brother, 
Everett S.. of the Thirteenth Connecticut Infantry 
held the rank of First Lieutenant and served for 
three years. He was reared on the farm, and took 
his education in I he common district schools, but 
was able to attend winters only, after reaching the 
age of twelve. He was the only one left at home 
when his brother went into the war. and nothing 
but his parents' wishes restrained him from accom- 
panying that In-other. 

After the return of Lieutenant Dunbar from 
service to his country, our subject came West and 
studied engineering as an apprentice under Andrew 
Huggins,of Bay City. The young man had pursued 
studies in this line for some time at home by 
himself, and was considerably advanced and well 
prepared foi thorough instruction. He became 
Engineer Huggin's assistant, and was with him 
nearly a year. After this he entered into partner- 
ship with William Mercer in the civil engineering 
and surveying office, and remained with him until 
he was called to superintend the construction of the 
water works, at which t inie t his partnership was dis- 

From April. 1870, to April. 1872, Mr. Dunbar 
filled the office of City Engineer, which he finally 
resigned. Our subject had charge of the con- 
struction of the buildings, and putting in all 
the machinery; he laid out all the mains, and has 
added to them from time to time since January, 
1872. The Holley system has been thoroughly in- 
corporated, and the works have forty miles of pipe 
and a capacity of ten million gallons a day. Not- 
withstanding that the duties of this position absorb 
nearly the entire time and attention of Mr. Dunbar 
he has been made Acting Assistant Chief of the fire 

This gentleman was married in Spring Arbor, 
Ontario, in 1870, to Miss Jennie McKay, a native 
Of (ana da. whose father, James McKay, a Scotch- 
man, is a farmer at Spring Arbor, Ontario. She 
has become a mother of three children, namely, 
Jessie M.. who graduated at the High School in 
IS'.mi. niid is now a member of the Class of '95 in 



the University of Michigan; James II.. who is a 
graduate (if the High School, of the class of '91, 
and has joined the Civil Engineering Class of ':>."> 
in the Michigan University; and the youngesl son, 
Everett S., who is still at home. 

The office of County Surveyor was filled for four 
terms by Mr. Dunbar from ixiiti to l*7o. at which 
time he was re-elected, but failed to qualify. He 
is a memder of the American Water Works Asso- 
ciation, and attends the National meetings; he is 
also a prominent member of the Michigan Engi- 
neers' Society, and is well known in the order 
of Masonry. His political sentiments are in har- 
mony with the declarations of the Republican 
party, of which he is a stanch adherent. 



ill, CHARLES R. HAWLEY, who is the 
Colonel of the Third Regiment of the 
Michigan State Troops, is also the leading 
dry-goods man of Saginaw Valley. He owns the 
finest dry-goods block in the State, and in size it 
is outdone by only two establishments in Detroit 
and one at Grand Rapids. Col. Ilawley was born 
in Chenango County. N. Y., and is a son of Dr. 
B. M. Ilawley, who was born in Delaware County, 
and was a son of William Ilawley. a native of 
Connecticut, whose ancestors came from the North 
of Ireland. 

The father of mil' subject was a physician and 
surgeon of the Eclectic School in Chenango 
County. N. V.. and later he practiced at Painted 
Post. Steuben County. He was Captain of a com- 
pany of New York Slate Militia, and in polities 
was a "'Henry Clay man." The mother bore in 
maidenhood the name of Abigail Hathaway, and 
was born in Delaware County, N. V.. being of an 
old Massachusetts family, which traced it- an ■<•>- 
try back to Plymouth Rock. The mother, who is 
an earnest member of the Presbyterian Church, 
still resides with our subject, but the father died 
in 1869. 

Our subject is one of nine children and had his 
early training at Painted Post, N. Y. He left the 
common schools al the age of fourteen to begin 

clerking in a dry-goods establishment at (dean. 
N. Y. lie continued with his employer. N. S. 
Butler, until he reached the age of twenty-two, 
when he was taken into partnership under the 
linn name of N. S. Butler * Co.. which connection 
Lasted until the fall of 1865, when our subject .-old 
out and came to Bay ( it v. 

Here Mr. Hawlev established himself in tin 1 dry- 
goods business with his former partner. Mr. But- 
ler, having the linn name of C. R. Ilawley & Co., 
and started on a small scale on Water Street ad- 
joining the Frazier Block. Later he removed to 
the corner of Center and Adam Street-, where he 
continued until the fall of 1891, when he located 
in his large, new. magnificent store. 

In 1875 Mr. Butler retired from the firm, and 
since that time Col. Ilawley has been virtually 
alone, and ha- been the most successful dry-goods' 
man in Saginaw Valley. His splendid store occu- 
pies a space 75x100 feet in dimensions, and is four 
stories and a basement in height, with a com- 
modious elevator and with cut stones and Tennes- 
see marble front, splendidly lighted with plate 
glass. The plans of this building were laid by 
Col. Ilawley himself, and he has shown himself 
a- good an architect as merchant. The first floor 
is devoted to general and fancy dry-goods, the 
second floor to cloaks, shawls and dress-making, 
the third to carpets and curtains, and the fourth 
to manufacturing. 

A branch store was opened in Alpena in 1876, 
and is still running under the linn name of Ilaw- 
ley a- Eitzgerald, and i- the leading and largest 
dry-goods house in Alpena. The Colonel was an 
organizer and is a stockholder in the Bay County 
Electric Light Company, and also in the Bay 
County .Mutual Building & Loan Association. He 
is also a stockholder and director of the Commer- 
cial Bank and member of the Bay City Business 
Meu*s Association. 

Col. Ilawley is a charter member and one of the 
organizers of Company D. Third Regiment Mich- 
igan State Troops, and has worked his way up 
from Sergeant to Colonel, being very active in 
matters pertaining to the militia, and was on duty 
during the riots in Saginaw as Major command- 
ing two companies. His residence i- on the corner 



of Eighth and Sheridan Streets. lie is eminent 
Commander of the Bay City Commandery of 
Knights Templar and is connected with the Mys- 
tic shrine of Detroit, besides being one of the 
Masonic Temple Association, and Chairman of Fi- 
nance Committee unci a member of the Knights of 
tin- Maccabees. He is a prominent and influential 
Republican and an earnest worker in the church 
and Sunday-school of the Presbyterian denomina- 

J**** .jW'gg. *-:-t-'f£ 


'■!— i-i"^- 

*^ AMUEL CHURCH. Theownerof Church's 
^^4 planing and saw mill which is located in 
\^J_Jl) Chesaning, was born in Chenango County, 
X. Y.. November 13, 1831, and is tin- son 
of Jehial and Amy (Smith ) Church, natives of Con- 
necticut, where they were married but afterward 
removed to New York. The father came to Jack- 
son, this Stair, early in the year 1834. lie was a 
carpenter by trade and purchased land near Jack- 
son, where our subject spent the first thirteen years 
of his life, at which time they removed to Meridian, 
Ingham County, where the father bought land on 
the west side of Pine Lake. Here our subject made 
his home until he was twenty-six or twenty-seven 
years of age. meantime in his boyhood, receiving 
but a common-school education. His father died 
when the lad was but eighteen years of age. so that 
he was thrown upon his own resources. 

From eighteen to twenty-one < ur subject was 
helping to build the plank road from Lansing to 
Howell and was then engaged in building bridges 
and began to learn the carpenter's and joiner's 
trade. He was at that work for about four years 
and then began work in asawmill in Okemos, Ing- 
ham County. He had married just prior to enter- 
ing the mill. His bride was Miss .Mary Hunt, of 
Meridian Township. Their nuptials were solemn- 
ized August 23, 1<S.">7. 

February 10, 1859, .Mr. Church removed to Ches- 
aning and was employed liy R.H. Nason, in a saw- 
mill and remained in Chesaning three and a half 
year.-. He then removed to It. Dodge, Iowa, and 
in the year spent there cleared $1,000 ill the jew- 
elry business, but was not pleased with the coun- 

try, and returned to Chesaning. lie resumed his 
mill work and finally rented a mill, which he oper- 
ated for six years. The mill was burned, however, 
and our subject purchased the mill site and put up 
a new mill; it was located about five miles from 
Chesaning. lie moved that mill to this place in 
IMS."). He has added to it and now employs six- 
teen men when running full force. 

Mr. Church has been blessed with a family of 
eight children. He lost one of his children when 
only six weeks old, anotherat the age of live years 
and two daughters, one aged seventeen and the 
other nineteen. Four still survive. They art; 
Clarence. Jesse, Charles ( ). and Clara. The eldest 
son lives at West Hay City, and is engaged as en- 
gineer for the West Bay City Manufacturing Coi.1- 
pany. The other children are still at home. Our 
subject is independent in his political views. He 
was Justice of the Peace and Township Clerk one 
term. He is a self-made man, and avers that like 
others, he worked by the day too long. With the 
aid of his faithful wife, be has amassed a comfort- 
able fortune. They are generous and kindly to 
the poor, and stand high in the estimation of the 


RAM IS W. ALLEN. This well-known and 
S) very popular citizen of Saginaw Township. 
Saginaw County, was born in Syracuse. N. 
Y.. September 15, 1K29, and is a son of Harvey 
Allen, a native of Vermont, who in his younger 
days removed to New York, and there carried on 
the double vocation of carpenter and farmer. His 
migration to Michigan was in 1835, and he then 
located near Pontiac, where for some eight years 
he woiked at his trade, and afterward farmed on 
share- for a time, as be did not buy property until 
18(50, when he purchased one hundred and twenty 
acres at Greenville, Montcalm County. Mich. 

Through most of his career Harvey Allen was a 
local preacher in the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
and did good pi er service in this line in Oak- 
land County, and was active up to the time of his 
death at the age of eighty-eight. He was a strong 


7. V.l 

Abolitionist before t ho war, afterwarda sturdy Re- 
publican. His wife, whose maiden name was Me- 
linda Jackson, was <>f German descent and reared 
eleven children, living to the age of eighty-four 

Our subject came to Michigan at the age of six 
year.--, when Pontiac was a village, and when more 
Indians than whites were seen throughout this por- 
tion of the State, and deer and bears were often 
met during the walk which the children must take 
to the log schoolhouse. He began fur himself at 
the age of eighteen in a sawmill in Montcalm 
County, and after four years' experience there he 
went into the lumber woods at Port Huron, where 
he labored for over fifteen years working in trie 
Black River and Klk (reek region, having charge 
of the Port Huron Boom Company two years. 

Mr. Allen came to Saginaw County in 1866 as 
foreman for Rust & Hay, working for them four 
years in the woods, and then engaged as foreman 
for Swift A* Lockwood, and for twelve years was 
in the employ of that firm, during most of that 
time being their general manager, superintending 
the mills and Inlying logs. He then began jobbing 
with Martin Mannion on the North Branch of the 
Tobacco River and on Cedar River, and remained 
with them for nine years, but in L886 removed 
onto the farm on section 9, which he had purchased 
in 1874. and which was then all pine stumps and 
swamp land. 

Miss Amanda Carpenter, who was horn at Port 
Huron. Mich.. June 1. 1840, became the wife of 
our subject, May 24, 1K.V7. Her parents. Newton 
and Sarah (Smith) Carpi nter, were native- of Ver- 
mont and Ohio' respectively, and both became early 
residents of Michigan. To her have been born three 
children — Fred, George and Millie. The two -nn. 
have married and are in business. The elder is a 
fireman, and the other is employed in the mill. 

The large frame house occupied by our subject 
was built by him in 187f>. and he erected his com- 
modious barn in 1876. Mixed farming is carried 
on by him on his well-improved area of ninety 
acres, and the place is in an excellent condition. 
A productive young orchard is upon the place, and 
delightful shade trees adorn the ground about the 
home. Fifteen hundred bushels of grain were 

raised upon this place durum 1890. In the city of 
Saginaw .Mr. Allen owns an excellent house and 
lot which he has in the hands of a tenant. 

The principle- of the Democratic party are thor- 
oughly endorsed by our subject, and he has held a 
number of public offices, having been and i- now 
Township Treasurer, Supervisor, Overseer of High- 
ways and Superintendent of the Poor Farm, to 
which he has just been elected by the Board of Su- 
pervisors. He wasalso Alderman for four years in 
the city of Saginaw. For over thirty years lie has 
been a member of the Masonic order, and belongs 
to Saginaw Valley Lodge and the St. Bernard Com- 




' oHN M. HEMMETER. In this good man 

we have one of the most highly esteemed 
and thoroughly respected of the elderly 
residents of Saginaw County. His home, 
where he is leading a retired life, is situated on 
the cross roads in Saginaw Township, just outside 
the city limits of Saginaw, and it is notable for be- 
ing one of the most attractive and commodious 
hoincs in its township. He was bom in Germany, 
September 24, (832, and there his boyhood days 
were spent and his early education obtained, after 
which he learned the trade of a mason. 

The migration to America of this young man 
took place in 1847, and when Saginaw was only a 
village, he settled upon his present place. He has 
watched the development of this little town, which 
was then just beginning its wonderful industries 
in the lumbering direction. Scores of sawmills are 
now within sight where then only one stood. Deei 
and bears abounded throughout all that region and 
Indians were much more plentiful than whites in 
what might well be called a wi Iderness, although a 
grand one and full of wonderful possibilities. 

Besides carrying on a farm. Mr. Ileinmeter did a 
great deal of contracting and building, not only 
in Saginaw, but also in other parts of the State. 
His skill as a mason gave him a wide reputation, 
and to him were awarded such large contracts as 
the buildings pul up by Charles Benjamin, Michael 



Kundingcr and Welsh, Stum- ,v Co. He also built 
the large and handsome courthouse at Mt. Pleasant 
and also the five-story building there. 

The home of our subjecl is situated upon a beau- 
tiful tract of land which his SOUS have cultivated 
ever since they were large enough to take charge 
of that work, as he has generally devoted himself 
to the pursuit of his trade. Before dividing his 
estate, as he has dune among his children, he had 
one hundred and fifty acres and his beautiful brick 
mansion was erected in 1868. The large frame 
barn and outbuildings are a credit to the establish- 
ment and well lilted for the purposes for which 
they were erected. His line property is the direct 
result of the industry and enterprise of himself and 
family, as he had nothing to start with and has 
made a genuine success of his work. Besides his 
farm he also ha- city property,and he has been lib- 
eral with his children. 

The marriage of Mr. Ilemmeter took place June 
12. 1*47. and he was then united with Mary Leid- 
lein, a native of Germany, to whom were born ten 
children, seven of whom arc living, viz: Christ, 
Adam, Michael, Maggie, John P.. Lilly and Will- 
iam. The members of his family are earnest and 
consistent members of the Lu therm Church, and 
the father is in his political views attached to the 
Democratic party, lie has been Overseer of High- 
ways and School Director, and is now filling the 
office of Assessor of District No. 2. Our subject 
was the organizer of the building of the Lutheran 
Church a1 Saginaw, and built the Lutheran Church 
at Frankeiunuth. 

KELSON NELLES. Prominent among the 
business men, and especially the lumber- 
men of Lay City, is the gentleman whom 
we now name, who is lumber inspector and ship- 
per, the senior member of the firm of N. Nelles & 
Co., in which his son, J. Alexander Nelles, is the 
junior partner. He is a powerful, finely built man 
having a splendid physique, and a good constitu- 
tion, which gives him a great advantage in busi- 
ness over many men of his rears. He was born in 

York, Canada. March 2, 1830, and his father. Col. 
William Nelles. was a native of the same place, 
where his grandfather, Warner Nelles, was an early 
settler, aliout the year 1790, having come from his 
native State. New York. The family is of Eastern 
origin, and descended from English and German 

Col. William Nelles was in the English militia, 
and fought m the War of 1812, and then in the 
Can-idian Rebellion, when he was Captain of a 
Company of Horse, and later was promoted to be 
Colonel of a Militia Regiment. He Tilled also the 
office of magistrate. He belonged to an honorable 
family, and some of his uncles were members of 
the Upper House of Parliament. He was a man of 
conservative views, and a member of the Episco- 
pal Church and died at the age of sixty-five. His 
wife bore the maiden name of Margaret Sophia 
Clement, and was born at Niagara, Canada. She 
died in that province, at the age of fifty years, 
having borne eleven children, ten of whom grew 
to maturity. 

The duties of farm work and the district school 
filled up the boyhood of our subject, and he re- 
mained at home until he reached the age of twen- 
ty-two. when he started out for himself, working 
as he could find opportunity. Two years later he 
began as a tally boy in lumber inspecting, working 
his way up until four years later he took charge 
of the business as agent for an Albany. N. Y., 
house, inspecting ami shipping lumber to them 
from Vienna. Canada. After being in their em- 
ploy for live years, he undertook shipping on his 
own account and carried it on for five years, and 
during that time was commissioned as Ensign in 
the Canadian Militia. 

It was in 1870 that this young man came to Bay 
City and during his first year here, acted as in- 
spector lor George B. Whitman, and the next year 
began business for himself as inspector of lumber 
and now ships from sixteen to thirty million feet 
of lumber per year, taking his son in partnership 
with him in 1KKK. 

The marriage of our subject with Miss .lane E. 
Alexander took place in Shelby. Ohio, in 1K<;.">. 
This lady was born in SI. Thomas. Canada, and she 
is now the mother of five children, three of whom 



have grown to man's and woman- estate, namely: 
Margaret A., now wife of II. G. <ote>. who is an 
Ensign in the United States Navy; .1. Alexander, 
who is his father's partner; Helen E., who is a 
graduate of a High School, and is now a member 
of the Michigan University; while Fred N. and 
Charles A. are at home. The political views of our 
subject are of the Democratic persuasion, hut he is 
not radical in the expression of his opinions. His 
experience of more than thirty-five years, in the line 
of lumber inspecting, gives him a high standing 
among the men of tin- trade. 


- .,■* 

-. H 

U^EV. JOHN G. SANSON is the pastor of St. 
Mary's Catholic Church at West Bay City, 
which is located at the corner of Walnut 
\£) and Clara Streets. The parish was estab- 
lished in 187:5 by the Rev. Father Canters and was 
then a mission. During the same year a small 
church was erected which at that time served as a 
house of worship for all the Catholics living- in Bay 
County west of the river and was a branch of the 
Church of St. Joseph of Bay City. As the work 
grew a larger structure was needed and was built 
in the latter part of 1H81, and was consecrated 
November 30, 1881. 

This structure is a large frame church capable of 
seating about nine hundred and was built by 
Father Schutjes, who remained in charge of the 
parish until he resigned, October 22. 1888, when 
Father Sanson was appointed with Father Scrembs 
as assistant and these two able Priests were sent to 
this parish August 2-'!. Ikis'.i. The church now has 
fully one thousand families within its hounds and 
it has been found necessary to divide it. Thus 
there will he in a short time two congregations, 
one French the other English. In connection with 
the church there is a parochical school in an ad- 
joining building and the Sisters House and Con- 
vent of the Sisters Of Mercy is near by. The Dew 
School for the accomi lation of the branch par- 
ish winch will he formed soon is already completed. 
It is one of the finest buildings in the city. The 

building of the new church will lie begun early 
this spring. 

Father Sanson was horn in department Morbe- 
ham, France, province of Brittany, June 26, 1851, 
and received his education in his native home. 
Mi came to Canada in 1874 and studied theologj 
in the Grand Seminary of Montreal. His ordina- 
tion as Priest took place March lit. 1886, and he 
was made assistant at the Cathedral at Grand 
Rapids remaining there for two years, lie came 
to this city as assistant to Father Schutjes in 
March. 1888. 

The charge of the church was conferred upon 
him, October 22. of the same year, and in this ca- 
pacity he has served ever since. He has been very 
efficient in the organization of the new parish and 
in the building of the new school and church, and 
is doing good service among his people. 



WILLIAM M.SMITH. One of the prominent 
f and influential agriculturists of Saginaw 

f/sfl Township, lives two and a half miles west 
of the city of Saginaw, on what is known as the 
"cross road" on section 20. He was horn on this 
same farm, December 8, 1840. lie is a son of John 
M. Smith, a native of England, who was horn in 
1816. He was orphaned when four years of age 
ami when seventeen years old came to America to 
seek his fortune. He was employed first at Lock- 
port. N. Y., and thence went to Buffalo, and from 

that place proc led to Detroit by boat and thence 

walked to Genesee County. Although so young 
in his English home he had learned the advantage 
of river facilities, and made up his mind that 
Saginaw was destined to he an important river 
port, hence he walked to the town, reaching it Sept- 
ember 20, 1 836. 

On coming into Saginaw John M. Smith came 
into possession of acopy of the Detroit Daily Free 
Press and this our subject now has in his possess- 
ion. He engaged to chop n tract of land and con- 
tinued to work by the month for two years, and 
then took a contract for chopping out a road from 
Saginaw to Tittaha wassee. now known as the "cross 



road" which crosses our subject's farm. Having 
carefully boarded his earnings, in 1838 he was en- 
abled to purchase forty acres of his present 
farm. It was then heavily wooded. He set- 
tled upon it and cleared il up. The Indians were 
at that time numerous ami hardships were many. 
lie was prospered in his dealings and, notwith- 
standing the disadvantages against which he la- 
bored, at the time of his death, which occurred 
September, L875, he was the owner of three hun- 
dred and twenty acres of land. He was a man of 
Strong character and sterling integrity and had 
been reared in the faith of the Episcopal Church. 
He was a Democrat in politic-. 

January 4. 1840. John M. Smith married Miss 
Margaret Swarthout, who was born in New York in 
18111. and came to this township in 1835. They 
reared five children — William M., < ieorge A.; Mary 
II.. Mrs. McLellan; Nellie, Mrs.Dermont; and Hud- 
son K. Her decease occurred December 2. 1874. 
Our subject attended school in the lot; schoolhouse 
when the rate bill system was in vogue. His youth- 
ful days werespent on the farm, helping his father 
clear the land until he was twenty-five years of age, 
when he went to Northern Wisconsin, thirty miles 
north of Black River Kails, and worked one year in 
the lumber woods. 

Going to Lawrence. Kan., our subject was en- 
gaged for one year at bridge building on the Kansas 
& Pacific Railroad, and one year on the Northern 
Missouri Railroad then building to Kansas City. 
The three following years he served as foreman of 
the bridge and building department on the Mis- 
souri, Ft. Scott & Gulf Railroad, and then pur- 
chased one hundred and sixty acres of raw land in 
Crawford County. Kan. Mr. Smith improved this 
place, planted a tine orchard and a grove of maples, 
erected good buildings and in 1878 sold it and 
then returned and took possession of the old home- 
stead farm where he now lives. 

William M. Smith was married March 13, 1871, 
to Julia E. Palmer, who was born in Livingston 
County. N. Y.. April 22. 1840. She is a lady whose 
presence alone will commend her to strangers as 
well as friends. Our subject and his wile have 
never been blest by the gift of children. They 
have in their family, however, one adopted daugh- 

ter, Bessie, whom they took at one and one-half 
years of age, and who is now six years old. 

Mr. Smith is owner of one hundred acres of land 
land on the home place, all of which is under culti- 
vation, with the exception of a small timber lot. 
The farm is level and is one of the best tracts in 
Saginaw County. He carries on mixed farming 
and makes a specialty of the dairy business, fur- 
nishing customers m Saginaw, Chicago and Bruns- 
wick, N. . I. .with butter. He also ships considerable 
butter to Philadelphia, and keeps constantly from 
ten to twenty COWS. 

Mr. and Mrs. Smith are active members of the 
Michigan Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church of 
Saginaw, and he belongs to the Board of Directors. 
Formerly he was a Democrat, but after the election 
of drover Cleveland cast his vote with the Prohi- 
bition party. In 1890 he ran for Congress on the 
Prohibition ticket and polled twenty-one hundred 
and six votes, a large increase over any previous elec- 
tion on that ticket. The family occupies a com- 
fortable and attractive residence which was built 
in 1885. Mr. Smith is a man ofgreat energy and 
has been a hard worker throughout life. 

ENRY GUNTERMANN. As the most im- 
portant town in Bay County, and its 
county scat, most of the officials reside in 
Bay City. Among these is our subject, 
who is Sheriff of the county, where he has been a 
resident since 1864. Mr. Guntermann was born in 
Germany, March 20, 1849, and when only sixteen 
years old made the journey alone across the At- 
lantic. Well educated in his native language, and 
of a bright, quick turn of mind, he soon familiar- 
ized himself, not only with American manners and 
customs but with the English language, and made 
himself of great service to a baker in Bay City, but 
soon branched out in the butchei business for him- 
self, and in 1870 opened a meat market in Kaw- 
kawlin. Later he opened the same kind of a mar- 
ket in Salzburg, and afterward returned to West 
Bay City. He conducted markets in both places 
and built up a line trade. His place of business in 






West Bay City was located on Linn Street, where 
he had a fine brick block, and continued there un- 
til November, 1890. 

When in Salzburg, our subject was tor a time 
interested in a hotel besides his meat business. The 
first official position he held was (hat which lie 
now holds as Sheriff, to which he was nominated 
on the Democratic ticket. He was elected by a 
majority of twenty-four hundred. 

Our subject married Miss Hattie DeTriver, of 
Salzburg. To them have been born five children, 
viz: Nellie, Carrie, Maggie, Fanny and George. 
Mr. Guntermann is socially a member of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, ami of the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen. He belongs to the Ar- 
beiter Society and in his chinch relations is a Pres- 
byterian. His membership is with the church at 
West. Bay City, although he attends at Bay City. 
Our Subject is one of the German-American citi- 
zens whose industry and thrift so help the com- 
mercial interests of a locality. 

~«— *=&-$•$& 

HARLES R. HAMILTON, M. D. This w( 11- 
known physician anil surgeon is one of the 
oldest medical men of the Saginaw Valley 
He now carries on a medical galvanic and electric 
sanitarium. He was born in Windsor County, Vt., 
January 28, DS27, and there had his early training. 
His father, Capt. Waiter Hamilton, was born in 
Brookfield, Mass.. and was a grandson of the Scotch 
Duke of Hamilton, whose son came to Brookfield. 
Mass., generations ago. 

The Duke owned the largest part of the North 
of Ireland, besides having large possessions in 
Scotland and was heir to the throne of Scot- 
land under the Stuarts, being next after Prince 
Charles Edward. He was obliged to leave Scot- 
land on account of a conspiracy against English 
rule. After coming to America he gained pos- 
session of a large tract of land and was suc- 
cessful as an agriculturist. lie had nine sons who 
married and settled here. Our subject is of the 
same family as Alexander Hamilton, and the de- 

ceased United stales Surgeon-General F. II. Hamil- 
ton; also the present United States Surgeon-Gen- 
eral Hamilton. 

Walter Hamilton, one of four sons, all liv- 
ing to be near ninety-five, was the father of 
Dr. Hamilton, and was left an orphan at the 
age of twelve years and learning the hat- 
ter's trade, located at Sharon, Vt., and there en- 
tered upon the business of a clothier and hatter 
and became a successful manufacturer. Later he 
removed to Rochester, N. Y., where he lived retired 
until his death at the age of near ninety years. He 
was captain in the State Militia and also in the War 
of 1*12. He was a Whigin his politics and a Pres- 
byterian in religion, being a member of the Wash- 
ington Street Church in Rochester. 

Mehitable, the mother of our subject, was born 
at Canterbury, Conn., and was a daughter of Eben- 
ezer Dyer,a Revolutionary soldier who at one time 
acted as a spy for Washington at the siege of York- 
town. He came home a pauper, having served 
seven years as a Revolutionary soldier, crippled 
for life, and used $400 for army purposes, 
never repaid, and later engaged, in farming 
and hotel keeping in Norwich, Vt. The Dy- 
ers are a prominent old family of Massachu- 
setts. The mother of our subject died in Rochester 
when about ninety years old. through an accident 
in falling down stairs. Her nine children grew to 
maturity and established families, and seven of her 
grandsons were active in the Civil War, all serving 
through the five years, none of whom were mor- 
tally wounded, each holding commissions, least of 
which was First Lieutenant, and the highest Quar- 
termaster-General — thus maintaining the family 
record for patriotism. 

Our subject was reared to maturity in Sharon, 
Vt., and early picked up the details of the carpen- 
ter's trade. He was educated in the common 
schools and the Royalton Academy and at the 
age of nineteen went to Boston and became 
a draftsman. A year later he went to Roch- 
ester", N. V. where he studied medicine under 
Dr. .Mathews. He had begun his studies under Dr. 
J. Dennison, of Royalton, and while in Rochester 
assisted himself by taking a professorship for two 
years in Eastman's Business College. At Cinein- 



nati he completed his medical studies under Drs- 
ftlussy & Wood, and then located at St. Mary, \'a., 
where for six months he carried on his practice. 
On account of ill health he left that place and re- 
turned tn Rochester. 

The dental business now attracted the attention 
of our subject and while he was recuperating in 
health he took a position in a dentist's office ami 
gained a wide reputation in the manufacture of arti- 
tieial teeth on gold plates. After being in the office 
of another for several years he opened an oilier of 
his own and was successful, but a severe attack of 
congestion of the lungs led him to believe that he 
must change climates, doing to Southern New 
York he opened an office near Addison and there 
practiced dentistry and medicine for twelve years. 

In 1866 Dr. Hamilton came to Michigan ami 
opened a dental office at Saginaw ami lor nine 
years was the leading dentist there, at the same 
time practicing medicine. In L869 he \\ .- 1 - burned 
out but he continued his practice until he lost his 
health and then removed to Harrisville on the 
lake shore anil there resumed his double vocation. 

He afterward sojourned temporarily at St. Charles, 
Freeland and at East Tawas and. his health being 
quite restored, he went to White Rock, Huron 
County, Mich., where three years later he lost sev- 
eral thousand dollars in the great Michigan lire. 
Afterward, he removed to Ubly, Huron County, 
where he built a residence and practiced medicine; 
later he went to Tyre andbuill an hotel which was 
burned, having thus been a third time burned out. 
Thenee he proceeded to Port Huron, where he 
remained for a short time. 

In .Inly. 1891, Dr. Hamilton came to West Bay 
City and established hiuself herein practice, and 
also opened a sanitarium. lie has made a study of 
electricity since he was sixteen years of age. and 
in his experimenting has made main discoveries, 
which are quite unknown to most electricians. His 
sanitarium is located at No.913 Broadway and has 
all necessary conveniences to make it a practical 

The lady who became the wile of Dr. Hamilton 
at St. Charles, January 13, 1876, was Mrs. Mary 
(Smith) Short. She is the daughter of Maland 
Smith, a native of Manchester, England, and for- 

merly a prominent citizen of Belmont County, 
Ohio, where he followed farming pursuits. He was 
made Sheriff of that county and afterward Sheriff 
of Putnam County. III., and his last days were 
spent on Apple River in Wisconsin. His wife, 
Elizabeth, daughter of John Parr, was born in the 
North of Ireland, and her father, who was of 
Scotch birth, brought his family to this country 
and settled in ( >hio, where many of the family now 

After the death of Mr. Smith. Mrs. Smith, in 
1847, married again, and in 1852 she crossed the 
plains to California, and at Ma\ field, where she and 
her husband were known as "Uncle Jim" and "Aunt 
Jim." established an hotel which was known as 
■•I nele Jim's Cabin" and became one of the most 
noted in the State. She died in 1871 and her 
funeral was the most largely attended of any that 
had taken place in the st. (lair Valley. 

Mrs. Hamilton was one of seven children; her 
oldest brother. J. I'. Smith, was Chief of Police for 
year.- in San Francisco and two brothers, Nathan 
ami Samuel, were in the army during the Civil 
War. She was bom in Belmont ( ountv. ( )hio. and 
early removed to Illinois, where she lived until 
1854. She was educated at Granville Academy 
and married < apt. William II. Short, a Kentuckian, 
who wa- a Captain in the .Mexican War and a 
very wealthy farmer and speculator in Illinois, lie 
made his first trip to California in 1850 and then re- 
turned for his family ,taking them a six months" jour- 
ney across the plains with oxen and horse team. and 
passed the scene of the Mt. Meadow Massacre the 
next da}' after its occurrence; the Indians were still 
there. The danger was so great that had it not been 
for the knowledge (apt. Short possessed of the 
Indian and Spanish languages and warfare, the 
family would have perished. 

The first home of the Captain and his wife was 
in the St. (lair Valley ami afterward they were in 
the gold mines in Placer County,Mrs. short being 
the first white woman ever in the place. They were 
successful there but later removed to Maytield 
where (.apt. Short had a ranch of six hundred and 
twenty acres. At the outbreak of the Civil War 
he raised a company, having received a captain's 
commission, ami served to the close of the war. Af- 



terward he located in Idaho, where he sojourned 
until his death, which occurred from disease con- 
tracted in the United States service. Mrs. Short's 
eldesl son, ( harles 11.. was killed in the United 
Slates service in the Northwest ; William H., her sec- 
ond son. resides in Idaho; Elizabeth was Mrs. Al- 
len, of Sacramento; Alice is -Mrs. .1. Otterson, of 
Idaho: Ella (Mrs. Mushett); and Sarah (Mrs. Ab-' 
bott i resides in California. 

On account of ill health Mrs. Short came East 
and tried the effect of different climates, coming to 
St. Charles in 1875. She found great improve- 
ment in her health and sojourned there until her 
marriage with Dr. Hamilton, she has studied 
medicine and is a professional nurse, giving elec- 
trical baths and treatment. A remarkable woman, 
most delightful in conversation and of great busi- 
ness capability, she lias been one of the prominent 
pioneer women of California, and is still interested 
in Idaho lands, left by her former husband, Capt. 
W. II. Short. Her first -on by Dr. Hamilton 
bore the name of Walter G., and after his death 
she had another son to whom she gave the name- of 
Walter R. The Doctor is a Past (.rand in Odd- 
Fellowship, and was the original and lii.-t organ- 
izer of the Patron- of Industry in the State of 

The attention of the reader i- invited to a litho- 
graphic portrait of the Doctor which appears in 
connection with this biographical notice. 

.MADISON JOHNSTON, who is an old set- 
tler in this region and is now practicing 
surveyingand civil engineering in Bay City, 

has resided here since the fall of 1853, at 
which time this place was known as Lower Sa« maw. 
He was horn and reared on the frontier of Wiscon- 
sin, his birthplace in Brown County, that State. 
and hi- natal day February 18, 1833. Hi- father 
Capt. Johnston was a native of Oxford, Va., and 
an old Indian lighter, who saw service under old 
Anthony Wayne. The grandfather who took part 
in the Revolutionary War wa- of Scotch descent, 
and • of the 1'. 1'. Y 'a. 

Capt. George Johnston, spent his early life upon 
a Virginia plantation, and served in the United 
States Army through the War of 1812, after which 
he was sent with his regiment to old Ft. Mackinaw, 
where they were stationed for several years, and 
later at Ft. Howard, where the Captain was in 
command of the Fort. When the Blackhawk War 
broke out, he took his old company and a squad of 
volunteers and commanded them through that 
period of warfare. Subsequently he was stationed 
again at Ft. Howard, where he remained in com- 
mand until he resigned, after which he engaged as 
an Indian trader, buying and selling furs, and died 
at Green Bay in 1850, at the age of seventy-two. 
He was a man of powerful frame, measuring six 
feet and two inches, and weighing two hundred 
and twenty pounds. He feared nothing, and was 
greatly admired by the Indian-, and had many 
friends among the Menominees, Winnebagos, and 
Pottowottamies. His real-estate grew in value 
after his death, and this left his family in com- 
fortable circumstances. He was a Jacksqnian Dem- 
ocrat and in religious preference was attached to 
the Episcopal service. 

The mother of our subject was in her maiden- 
hood Phyllis McFearson. She was born in Montreal. 
Canada, and her father John was a native of Mass- 
achusetts. He wa- a sailor on the high seas as 
well as on the lakes, and was the first one wdio 
drew a sailing chart of the upper lakes. He was a 
powerful man of fine person and active habits, and 
spent his la-t day- in Detroit after giving up the 
captaincy of his boat. The mother was reared in 
that i ity, and died there at the age of seventy 
years. She was of Scotch descent, and a Roman 
Catholic in her religious belief. 

Our subject is the younge-t of a family of eight 
sons and one daughter. One of his brothers. 
Thomas .1. Johnston was a General in the Confed- 
erate Army, and after the war became a Catholic 
Priest, and before his death, Canon of the Diocese 
of San Antonio. Tex. His death resulted from his 
being thrown from a carriage while riding with 
Gen. ( )rd. at San Antonio. 

Madison John-ton was brought up in Green Bay 
and attended the log schoolhouse during three 
months of each yea/, remaining on flic farm until 



lie reached the age of sixteen, when he began trad- 
ing with the Indians, buying their furs, and carry- 
ing on an extensive business with them. Hespoke 
the Menominee language, and was a fine shot, ami 
his courage, and the Indian's superstition in regard 
to his father protected him from many dangers to 
which he was exposed. In 1853 he came to Detroit 
with his mother who died three years later, and 
after that he came to Bay City, In lie with his 
cousin James Watson, in whose store (which was 
the first one at Lower Saginaw.) he became a clerk. 

After a year this young man engaged in fishing, 
buying a vessel, which he named the "King 
Fisher," and having some boats built to do fishing 
in Saginaw Bay and Thunder Bay. This business 
prospered until 1861, when disaster befell him, and 
he was obliged to sell out for a mere song. He had 
studied and practiced civil engineering in Wiscon- 
sin, and he now took up that line of work. He 
was elected County Surveyor in 1864, and served 
until 1868, when he was re-elected, but declined 
to qualify, as his local practice engaged all his 
time. In 1873, however, he accepted the office of 
City Surveyor, and held it until 1881, when he laid 
aside business here. Two years later he took a 
journey to Honduras, Central America, prospecting 
and placer-mining on the Polia River. Headed as 
the President of the Bay City Mining Company, 
but although he found some signs of gold, he did 
not have the appliances for working it. and re- 
turned to Bay City the following summer. 

Since that time our subject has devoted himself 
to civil engineering, and is the oldest man in that 
profession here. Previous to 1853, he and his 
brother John located the first mail route from 
Escanaba River to Marquette, and this route 
marked by blazed trees was used for many years. 
His marriage with Hannah Reed, a native of 
Paynesville, Ohio, took place in 1858, and she died 
leaving five children, two of whom survive, 
namely, Carrie (Mrs. Parker) and Belle. 

The second marriage of our subject was solemn- 
ized on Christmas Day, lH'.Hi. in Cincinnati, Ohio, 
the bride being Miss Mattie, daughter of 11 M. 
Starke, an early settler at Eagles, Clinton Count}', 
where this lady was born. Her mother. Rebecca 
Kilbourn, was a native of New York, and still 

lives, making her home in Cincinnati. Mrs. John- 
ston was the third of a family of nine children and 
had her education here. She taught the first school 
in the Pinconning log schoolhouse. beginning with 
thirty Indian and four white pupils, and she was 
then only seventeen 3 r ears old. The Democratic 
party commands the vote and influence of Mr. 
Johnston and he has been influential on the Ward 
and City Committees. 

L<pSHE SAGE LIBRARY, of West Bay City, was 
//TV first established in the fall of 1883, by H. 
V_y \Y. Sage, of Ithaca. N. Y., who has exten- 
sive business interests here, donating a handsome 
three-story brick building erected at a cost of $17,- 
iiiiii ami also eight thousand volumes of books. 
Afterw r ard by consent of the city, the school lib- 
rary was merged with this, which made a fine addi- 
tion to its collection of works. In 1888 Mr. Sage 
made a proposition to the city, that if it would 
furnish $1,000 per year he would also give the same 
amount for ten years toward the support of the 
library. The offer was accepted, thus giving the 
library an income of $2,000 each year besides the 
school library tax. 

The Directors consist of five members from the 
city, the Evangelical clergymen of the place, and 
the President of the School Board, and the Mayor. 
The number of volumes at present in the library is 
seventeen thousand, five hundred, and two thou- 
sand cards are in constant use. During the past 
year (1891), twenty-eight thousand eight hundred 
and ninety-five volumes were taken out. which was 
hardly an average, as the library was closed for a 
a time from accident. The previous year there 
was an average of thirty thousand, seven hundred 
and thirty-four books drawn out, which is perhaps 
the average numbei during the past 3'ears. 

New cards are issued to any resident of West 
Bay City on the guarantee of any property owner 
of that place, and besides the immense number of 
works thus placed within reach of the people of the 
city, there is also a reading room, containing a full 
line of papers and periodicals, and open for the use 





of all. The present corps of officials at the library 
consists of J. II. Plum. President; J. E. Lemon, 
Secretary; Mrs. M. F. Ostrander, Librarian, and 
Miss Emma Ostrander, Assistant Librarian. 


Z* ' 

OSEPH VOITH. For its present wealth and 
high standing Saginaw County is greatly 
indebted to the sturdy and enterprising 
tillers of the soil, who have been instru- 
mental in developing its vast agricultural re- 
sources. As one of the early pioneers of the farm- 
ing community, and a man of prominence in its 
civic and religious- circles, it gives us pleasure to 
present the portrait and biography of Mr. Voith 
to our readers. He has long been associated with 
the agricultural interests of Maple Grove Town- 
ship and has built up a comfortable home on sec- 
tion 27, where he settled in October, 1854. 

To Mr. Voith belongs the distinction of having 
been the first pioneer settler and landholder for 
farming purposes in the township of Maple Grove, 
County of Saginaw. At the time of his settlement 
the country was covered with dense forests of ma- 
ple, beach, bass wood, sycamore and various other 
kinds of trees. By the enterprise and muscle of the 
pioneer these forests have been removed and now 
broad fields without stump or tree gladden the eyes 
of the old settler, who is reaping the rich reward 
of the hardships and trials of earlier years. 

Mr. Voith was born in Bavaria, Germany, March 
10, 1832, and is the son of Antton and Walburga 
Voith. His parents emigrated to the 1'nitcd 
States in 1852, landing in Baltimore, anil thence 
proceeding to Crawford County, Ohio, where the 
mother and a portion of the family remained 
while the father and three sons went to the Lake 
Superior regions and worked in the copper mines. 
After remaining at work in the mines about six 
months, the father joined his family in Ohio, and 
in 1854 came to Saginaw County and settled in 
township !), north of range 4. 

The parental family numbered six children, viz: 
Hlalius, Joseph, Sefrinus, Mary, Barbara and Anna. 
Blalius died in Maple Grove Township, in 1871, 

leaving four children; Safrinus went to California 
soon after their coming to the United States, and 
has not been heard from; Mary is the wife of George 
M. Henige; Barbara is now Mis. Leibic; Anna mar- 
ried Mr. Arttman and died in Maple Grove Town- 
ship in 1870. 

Our subject is the third in order of birth of 
his parents' family, and after coming to America 
worked for one year in the copper mines of Lake 
Superior, lie then came to the "Wolverine State 
and located in Maple Grove Township, where he 
purchased one hundred and sixty acres of land on 
section 27, all of which was in its primeval state. 
During 1855 he raised two hundred and ten bush- 
els of corn and forty bushels of potatoes. In the 
following year he raised one hundred and fifty 
bushels of corn, thirty bushels of winter wheat and 
fifty bushels of potatoes. lie continued to im- 
prove the place until 1863, when lie sold 
one hundred and forty acres on section 27, to 
George M. Henige and purchased one hun- 
dred and sixty acres on section 22, which he 
afterward sold. He then located on section 28, 
upon the tract which he owns at the present time. 
In 1866 the first settlers met in Mr. Voith's 
shanty for the purpose of organizing and naming 
the township. At that meeting one John Smith 
was selected and sent to Saginaw for the purpose 
of effecting an organization, which, however, was 
not completed until the following year, when the 
early settlers again met about the month of May. 
and elected B. Turner to represent their interests 
in Saginaw. The result was that flic township was 
given its present name — Maple Grove. 

At the time of the late war Mr. Voith was the 
possessor of three hundred and sixty acres of land, 
and from time to time he paid liberally for volun- 
teers to be credited to his township. In 1865 he 
enlisted in the Union army and served six months 
in defense of the stars and stripes, joining Com- 
pany D, Sixth Michigan Infantry, and afterward 
being transferred to the Sixth Michigan Heavy 
Artillery. With his regiment lie was sent to Fts. 
Oaines and Morgan, Ala., and there exposure and 
privations caused him to lose his health, which he 
has never since regained. 

After returning to peaceful pursuits, Mr. Voith 



resumed agricultural life, and is now the possessor 
of eighty acres of cultivated land, which is embel- 
lished with commodious and substantial buildings. 
However. 'he rents his land and is living a some- 
what retired life, fully meriting the rest which he 
has so hardly earned. 

In politics Mr. Voith has always been indepen- 
dent and thus reserves his right to vote for the 
best man and not for party principles. Although 
he is not an office-seeker, he has been honored by 
many of the local offices within the gift of the 
people to bestow, lie has ever been earnestly in- 
terested ill his adopted township and has sought. 
as far as in him lay. to promote its prosperity. In 
religious matters he is a Roman Catholic, and is 
one ot the founders of that church in Maple 
Grove Township, lie assisted in building the first 
church at this place and presented the bell which 
is now used on the new church building. lie has 
been exceedingly liberal in his donations to the 
church and has contributed much to aid in the 
promotion of education. 


•fy\ I.ONZO Dl'XXIXC. It is of thrilling in 
■ ©/lJ I| terest to one whose heart is loyal to our 
! country's honor to hear an old soldier re- 
count the scenes of conflicts, the weari- 
some marches, and the exciting episodes of the 
Civil War. Among those who can interest and 
instruct is the gentleman whose name appears at 
the head of this sketch, and who is one of the well- 
known farmers of Buena Vista Township, having 
his tine farm of one hundred and ten acres located 
on section 32. 

Mr. Dunning was born in Charleston, Penobscot 
County, Me.. July 28, 1832. His father was Col. 
John Dunning, also a native of the Pine Tree 
Slate. His mother bore the maiden name of Abi- 
gail Page, and was a native of the same State as 
her husband. They both passed their last days in 
Maine, dyingin Charleston. Our subject received 
a good education in his native place, having been 
enabled to enter High School,and for about eleven 
years was a teacher, lie made Charleston his home 

until 1866, when he started out to see something 
of the world for himself, and that he was success- 
ful in his undertakings will be seen by a perusal 
of this sketch. 

Our subject was married January 20. 1854, to 
Miss Elizabeth Foss, also a native of Charleston, 
Me. After his marriage he located on a portion 
of his father's farm, which he continued to make 
his home until 1866, in the fall of which year he 
came to Saginaw and engaged in the lumber busi- 
ness with Roby Ireland as his partner. They oper- 
ated together for two years, when Mr. Dunning 
sold out his interest and launched out in the lum- 
ber Imsiness tor himself, thus for some time being 
successfully engaged, When he decided to relinquish 
all claims in that line of business, lie made Sagi- 
naw City his home until 1876, when he removed 
to Buena Vista Township, where he had purchased 
hi- beautiful faun, upon which he is at present re- 

August 1 I. 1863, .Mi'. Dunning enlisted in Com- 
pany D, First Cavalry, and fought bravely for 
t he preservation of the Union until the close of 
the war. While on a cavalry raid near Coalfield. 
Va., he was wounded in the right leg but with 
that exception passed through the conflict un- 
harmed, other than what would necessarily follow 
the privations and hardships with which a soldier's 
life was surrounded. As before stated, our sub- 
ject is the proprietor of one hundred acres of ara- 
ble land, and besides this i- interested in business 
with his two sons in Menominee, this State. 

Mr. Dunning became thefatherof three children 
by his first marriage, viz: Frank I... Herbert A., 
who died at three ami a half years, and Melville 
A. Mrs. Elizabeth Dunning died in Charleston. 
Me., in 1865, previous to our subject's migration 
to the Wolverine State. October 2(1. 18611, Mr. 
Dunning was again married, in Saginaw, to Miss 
Alice 1.. Rollins, a native of Bangor, Me. By this 
marriage he has become the father of three chil- 
dren, the eldest of whom died in infancy. The 
others are : Cliffe A., and Arlene L. 

Our subject has been honored by his townsmen 
with the office of Justice of the Peace. He is iden- 
tified with tin' Masonic fraternity, in which he 
takes much interest. His patriotism is further 



manifested by bis alliance with the Gordon < Granger 
Post, G. A. i;.. of Saginaw. He is a believer 
in unci an adherent t<> the principles of the 
Republican party, believing thai partj to be in the 

The family of Mr. Dunning have a host of warm 
friends in Saginaw County, and are universally 
esteemed by all who enjoy the pleasure of their 
acquaintance. Mr. Dunning is a man of high re- 
pute and is well liked by all who know him. 

<i\ felLLIAM L. PECK occupies the responsible 
\ / position of Train Dispatcher for the 
V V .Mackinaw & Saginaw Division of the 
Michigan Central Railroad at Kay City. New 
York i> his native State, his birth having occurred 
there October 24, 1864, in Manila Township. Erie 
County. William II. Peek, father of the gentleman 
of whom we write, was also bom in Erie County. 
N. V.. while his father, the grandfather of our 
subject, was born in the Green Mountain State, 
and on making New York his home located in 
Erie County, where he followed the combined 
Occupations Of a farmer and carpenter. He spent 
his later years, however, in sawmilling and died 
at Alden in 1872. 

William II. Peck was a sawyer in New York. 
and when coming to Michigan at an early day ran 
a sawmill in Muskegon. He later removed to Illi- 
nois, where he farmed for a time, and then re- 
turned to New York and followed his old occupa- 
tions of farmer, sawyer and carpenter. On the 
breaking out of the Civil War he enlisted in the 
Union Army, hut was not accepted on account of 
physical disability. He again decided to come 
West, and in 1877 made Caledonia. Kent County, 
his home, where he was employed for one year in 
the manufacture of woodenware. Feeling a de- 
sire to once more try farm life. Mr. Peck removed 
to Minnesota, and locating near Rochester, once 
more engaged in cultivating the soil. The failure 
of crops that year so discouraged him that he re- 
turned to Caledonia, Mich.. and worked once more 

in the wooden-ware factory for three or four 
years. He is now residing at Shelby, Mich., en- 
gaged in business for a brother. 

Our subject's mother was horn at Alden, ,\. Y., 
and was known in her maidenhood as Miss Mary 
Edson. Her father was a native of Vermont and 
bore tin' name of Linas Edson. He was a woolen 
manufacturer at Alden, N. Y., and later removed 
to Iowa, where he died: the mother's decease oc- 
curred in 1882, at Caledonia. 

William 1.. Peck i> the oldest of the three chil- 
dren horn to his parents, only, two of whom are 
living at the present time, lie was reared in New 
York until reaching the age of twelve years, when 
In- spent one year in Minnesota. He then re- 
turned to Michigan, and when sixteen years of age 
began to learn the art of telegraphy at Caledonia, 
and a year later took the position of night Opera- 
tor at Grayling on the Michigan Central Road. 
After holding that position a short time he was 
made Station Agent at Ogemaw, where he re- 
mained for six months, when he became agent at 
Beaver Lake. 

In 1KX.1 our subject came to West Hay City and 
took the position as general clerk in the Michigan 
Centra] freight office, and two years later became 
operator in the Traill Dispatcher's Office. In Jan- 
uary. 1887, he became train dispatcher, and is 
now the fourth oldest dispatcher in this place. 
In occupying the various positions which we have 
enumerated. Mr. Peck has done an incredible 
amount of hard work. Personally he is a very 
genial gentleman and has hosts of warm friends 
throughout M ichigan. 

May 15, 1889, was the dateof our subject's mar- 
riage with Miss Nellie, daughter of Joseph 1). and 
Delia (Pierce) Huckins, their marriage being sol- 
emnized in Bay City. .Airs. Peek's father was a 
farmer and lumberman, and came to Bay City 
when a young man. lie is now residing on a 
beautiful farm in Kawkawlin Township, Bay 
Coufity. Mrs. Delia Huckins was bom in New- 
York state and is the daughter of Nathan Pierce, 
of New York. Mr. and Mrs. Joseph 1). Huckins 
have become the parents of three children, two 
of whom are living. The wife of our subject was 
reared in West Bay City, where she was gradu- 



ated from the High School when seventeen years 
of age, :in(l was engaged as a teacher for about 
four years after finishing her education. 

Mr. and Mrs. Peek, of this sketch, have two 
children — Ralph and Ward. Our subject is a 
Knight of the Maccabees, being identified with 
Valley Tent. In politics he is a believer in Re- 
publican principles. 

ZRA G. GODDARD, a civil engineer of 
Saginaw, who came here in 1862, was born 
in Worcester, Mass., October 10, 1823. He 
attended school until he reached the age of fifteen 
or sixteen years and made good advancement in 
his studies, his specialty being in the mathematical 
and mechanical line, in which he gained much 
local reputation for a young man. He was also a 
great reader in his boyhood and became familial' 
with Rollins' Ancient History while driving an 
ox-team in the field. Later he had the advan- 
tage of a course in the grammar school at Worces- 
ter, and on the Worcester & Nashua Railroad 
commenced the profession of engineering, and 
soon became familiar with the use of engineering 
instruments. During his last year there he was 
made Supervising Engineer and had charge of 
track laying and supervision of a division of a 
road near Worcester. 

After this Mr. Goddard assisted in locating the 
Buffalo, Coining & New York Railroad and the 
Richmond & Dansville Railway, in Virginia, hav- 
ing charge of the mad from Richmond to Appo- 
mattox. He then assisted in locating the Virginia 
Central line, which runs across three ridges of the 
Alleghany .Mountains; he also located the New Jer- 
sey Central Railroad and had charge of construct- 
ing the western end of the North Carolina Central 
Railroad, after which he returned to New York 
and aided in the construction of the Buffalo, Com- 
ing & New York Road, and afterward made re- 
connoisance of the Louisville & Covington Rail- 
road. Returning to Buffalo, he was lirst assistant 
in the construction of the road from Livonia to 
Buffalo, after which lie was appointed Chief En- 

gineer for the Cleveland & St. Louis Railroad in 
Ohio and Indiana, and also the Terre Haute A St. 
Louis Road. 

Subsequent to the completion of these roads Mr. 
Goddard made the first survey of the Flint <fe 
Pere Marquette Railroad, which was carried on in 
the winter through great sufferings and privations 
through a dense wilderness. He then surveyed 
the Winona & St. Peter Road in Minnesota, and 
the l'arkville & Grand River in Missouri, continu- 
ing there until the outbreak of the war. At that 
time he returned to Massachusetts, and by the re- 
quest of G-en. Barnes went to Fortress Monroe and 
for two years had charge of all the railway work 
there and at Annapolis, Md.. being in the Govern- 
ment employ in civil capacity as engineer. He 
was on railroads, commencing as rodman, for 
twenty-three years, and was Chief Engineer of 
eight railroads, and at the age of twenty-nine was 
Chief Engineer of three roads at a salary of $7,500. 
He possessed great practical ability in his profes- 
sion, and stood high in every work in which lie en- 
gaged, and obtained his education mostly in the 
field and private study. 

In 1862 Mr. Goddard came to Saginaw, desir- 
ing to engage in such business as would enable 
him to be at home with his family, and as many of 
his friends were interested here, he was at once 
appointed City Engineer and located in this city, 
investing extensively in lands, and has lumbered 
more or less nearly every year since in Saginaw. He 
became interested in pine lands in Mississippi and 
bought a large mill at the mouth of the Pearl 
River, besides handling a great deal of pine in 
this section of Michigan, especially on the Sagi- 
naw River. He was one of the first owners of the 
St. Paul waterworks. 

The marriage of Mr. Goddard to Miss Rhoda 
Vincent occurred in Ithaca, N. Y., in 1854. Mrs. 
Goddard died July 5. 1887, leaving two children 
— Vincent A., who is in business with his father, 
and Lizzie, who is also at home. Mr. Goddard is 
a philosopher and a logical reasoner from cause to 
effect and his mind is strongly inventive and me- 
chanical in its line of thought. He is a spiritualist 
in his religious belief and claims to have had many 
interesting proofs of his theory. 



The quick perceptions of Mr. Goddard have 
been worth thousands of dollars to tlie railroads 
which he has surveyed, as he sees almost instantly 
how to make changes that will straighten the road 
and reduce the grade. He has acted in a limited 
capacity for various lines of railroad in and around 
Saginaw since coming here, and in every line of 
work which he has undertaken has achieved a ;e- 
markable success. 

1] ON. TIMOTHY E. TARSNEY, of Saginaw, 
Y J ex-Representative in Congress from the 
Eighth District of Michigan, was born Feb- 
ruary 4, 1849. II is parents, Timothy and 
Mary A. Tarsney, were born in Sligo and West- 
meath Counties, Ireland, respectively, and immigra- 
ted to this country in 1831. They first located in 
I!( Chester, N. Y., and thence removed to Man hat- 
ten, now known as Toledo. In 1814 they settled 
in Medina, Lenawee County, Mich., and in 1848 
purchased a farm in Hansom, Hillsdale County, 
where they permanently located, the father en- 
gaging at the trade of a blacksmith in connection 
with his agricultural operations. 

The subject of this sketch attended the common 
schools in Hillsdale County until twelve years of 
age. Inclining to mechanics, he entered a machine- 
shop at Hudson, Lenawee County, for the purpose 
of learning the machinist's trade. In February, 
1864, he wen tin to the Government service on mili- 
tary railroads in Tennessee,and served to the close 
of the war. Again entering a machine-shop, he 
worked there until February, 1806, when he went 
East Saginaw, and there ran a steam engine. 

In 1867 the United States Board of Steamboat 
Inspectors gave Mr. Tarsney a certificate as marine 
engineer, which occupation he followed upon the 
Saginaw River and the lakes up to and including 
the season of 1872. It was while so engaged that 
he conceived the idea of entering the legal profes- 
sion, and purchasing a copy of Blackstone's Com- 
mentaries, read law while sailing during the summer 
months, and during the winter months attended 
school and the law department of the University 

of Michigan, graduating from that institution in 
the ( 'lass of '72. 

During the following season Mr. Tarsney was 
engaged as chief engineer on the lakes and on the 
close of navigation engaged in the practice of law 
in Saginaw. In the spring ol 1873 he was elected 
Justice of the Peace, being the only candidate 
elected upon the Democratic ticket. He served in 
that capacity until 1874, when he resigned that po- 
sition to engage in the practice of law, in which 
occupation he has been engaged ever since. He 
is a member of the firm of Tarsney A Wicker, one 
of the largest and most successful law firms in the 
Saginaw Valley. 

Mr. Tarsney served as City Attorney of East 
Saginaw from 1875 until 1877, and resigning the 
position on account of increasing private business. 
In 1880 he was nominated for Congress in the 
Eighth District of Michigan, on the Democratic 
ticket, against Roswell G. Ilorr, Republican, run- 
ning over two thousand ahead of the electoral 
ticket, but was defeated. In 1882 he was nomina- 
ted Attorney-General of the State, but was defeated 
with the entire ticket. Two years later he was un- 
animously chosen by the State Democratic Conven- 
tion as first delegate-at-large to the National Dem- 
ocratic Convention held at Chicago and represented 
the State at that convention on the Committee on 

Later Mr. Tarsney was nominated for Congress, 
and was elected by a plurality of sixteen hundred 
and twenty-two over Roswell (r. Ilorr. his oppo- 
nent. I n 1 886 he was re-elected by a vote of 
eighteen thousand three hundred and one to sev- 
enteen thousand six hundred and fifteen for Ros- 
well G. Ilorr, Republican, and nineteen hundred 
and thirty for George W. Abbey, Prohibitionist. 
At no time has he sought or desired public office, 
in every instance having been selected without 
solicitation on his part, lie is a member of the 
Roman Catholic Church, and from his youth has 
been an ardent Democrat. 

On October 1. 187.'!. Mr. Tarsney was married at 
Ann Arbor, Mich., to Catherine O'Brien, of that 
place, and they are the parents of six children, 
four of whom are now living. In the Forty-ninth 
and Fiftieth Congress .Mr. Tarsney rendered etli- 


cient service as n membei of the House Commit- 
tees on Laboi and Commerce. He was especially 
active in promoting the interests of his constitu- 
ents, and his determined and energetic fight to se- 
cure Cor East Saginaw the location of n United 
Stale- Court, and the passage <>(' an appropriation 
Mil for a public building in the same city, gained 
him considerable distinction. In 1888 he was 
again the choice of his party for Congress, but was 
defeated on the tariff issue in the country, not 

I he cities. 

A lithographic portrait of Mr. Tarsney accom- 
panies this sketch. In personal appearance he is of 

rather slender build, slightly above the average 
height, and quick in action. He is impetuous, and 
when his mind is made up on any subject requir- 
ing his attention, moves promptly. In debate he 
is courteous, but strikes boldly from the shoulder, 
and never quails in the presence of an enemy. 
Early in political life lie acquired the sobriquel of 
the "Young Lion of the Saginaw Democracy," and 
it still adheres to him. 

Socially Mr. Tarsney has few equals, his ready 
Irish wit and apt repartee winning hosts of admir- 
ers. In business he is the soul of honor, always 
fulfilling every obligation imposed upon him, and 
in a business as well as social sense few men of his 
years have achieved greater success, lie is the 
soul of kindness and generosity. While in Isabella 
Count}' it was not at all unusual for him to spend 
time and money in fighting cases for poor people 
where there was no prospect of remuneration. 

—4-- -^- -*~- 

withstanding his name, which would pro- 
claim him a Teuton, our subject is a native of 
((2)) not only America, but of Michigan, and as 
such the State may well be proud of him. for he isa 
manly man and a gentleman. As a man of ability, 
he has occupied various positions of trust, and his 
county has taken pleasure in exalting him to one 
of its highest positions, having elected him Repre- 
sentative of the State Legislature in which he 
served during the term of 1889-90. In his pri- 

vate interests he is at the head of the largest ice 
business in Michigan. 

Our subject was born in Saginaw, this State, Oc- 
tober 28, !8. r )K. In early boyhood, however, he re- 
moved to West Lay City with his family. His 
father. Louis Zagelmeycr. was in the lime business, 
but has now retired from active business interests, 
lie was born in Germany, but came to America 
and located in Saginaw in 1849. Our subject's 
young ideas were trained in the public schools of 
West Lay City, and as a young man learned of his 
father all about the burning of lime, lie remained 
with his father until 18711, and the last three years 
of that partnership saw the inauguration of their 
immense ice business, lie then took charge, in 
partnership with his brother frank, of the Marine 
Ice Company, and in the spring of 1HH7 this was 
incorporated with the Young Bros. Bay County Ice 
Company. < lur subject is now Secretary and Treas- 
urer of this body, and since his entrance upon the 
duties of the business he has revolutionized the 
methods. They have the largest ice plant in the 
Slate, and are the only dealers in lake ice in the 
Saginaw Valley, and handle nothing but lake ice. 
They have a capacity for forty thousand tons, which 
is the largest amount handled in Michigan by any- 
one firm. 

It is no longer a subject of wonder how all the 
ice is used, for both summer and winter finds it in 
demand both for culinary and scientific purposes. 
Mr. Zagelmeyer is a heavy shipper to various por- 
tions of Michigan, Indiana and Ohio. He has now 
a two years' supply, and owns his own barges and 
tugs. Aside from the interest spoken of above, our 
subject owns valuable real estate. His residence is 
located in West Bay City, on the corner of Main 
and Water Streets. lie is the owner of the beauti- 
ful steam pleasure yacht, "Zero," which is sixty 
eight feet in length and twelve feet from beam to 
beam. The Bay County Ice Company occupies an 
office, barn and ice depotat the footof Centre Ave- 
nue; they are finely located, and central to all 
portions of the city. 

Our subject was married in West Bay City, to 
Miss Emma Brenner, of Saginaw. Their nuptials 
■were solemnized April :i. 1881. Three children 
have come to gladden their home, viz: Alma, Ed- 



die and Leona. For three years Mr. Zagelmeyer 
was Supervisor of the Fifth Ward. He was Comp- 
troller of West Bay City for two years, and his 
election to the State Legislature was confirmed in 
1888. lie served most satisfactorily, representing 
the people of this locality to their best interests. 
He served on the Fishery Committee and upon oth- 
ers of minoi importance. In the business of the 
company one of the noticeable features is their 
splendid horses that are attached to their ice wag- 
ons, having the finest draft horses in the State. 

Socially our subject is a Knight Templar, and in 
Masonry he has attained to the thirty-second de- i 
gree, and also belongs to the Mystie Shrine of De- 
troit, lie is a member of the Salzburg Arbeiter 
Society and of the Arion, of Bay City. He also be- 
longs to the Royal Arcanum and the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows. In a political way he is a 
stanch and faithful supporter of the Republican 
party, and has been frequently selected by his fel- 
low-townsmen to represent them as a delegate to 
county and State conventions. He has now, how- 
ever, retired from active political life. 

THOMAS F. RODWELL, M. I). It is with 
Y/j/Sv sincere pleasure that the biographer takes 
up his pen to give a life narrative of any 
worthy member of that, profession which ministers 
to the physical comfort and well-being of the com- 
munity by means of the healing art, and this grat- 
ilicatii n is largely augmented when one can feel 
that the subject of the sketch lias attained an hon- 
orable position in his profession through both 
ability and character. This physician, of whom we 
now speak, residing at Carrollton village, on the 
outskirts ot Saginaw, may thus he depicted. 

Dr. Rodwell was born in Ancaster, Wentworth 
County, Ontario, Canada, December 1 I. L858, and 
his father, Alfred Rodwell, was a native of New- 
market. Cambridgeshire, England, where he was 
born September 4, L832. His grandfather, Thomas 
F. Rodwell. was a country gentleman, who was at 
one time Secretary of Foreign Legations. The 
father came to Ontario, Canada, in 1853, and for 

some four years took charge of an engine in the 

car-works at Hamilton, after which he farmed un- 
til 1874, and now lives a retired life, although he 
still carries on gardening to sonic extent, and thus 
fills up his days with usefulness. In his religious 
belief he adheres to the church of his forefathers — 
the Episcopal — and in political matters he is de- 
cidedly independent. 

Alfred Rodwell took to wife Mary -I. Fulkerson, 
who was born in Ancaster. Ontario. .January 11. 
1833. To her was granted but one child, our sub- 
ject, and she is still living and makes her home 
with her son in this township. She also is attached 
to the Episcopal Church. Her father was a native 
of New Jersey, and removed with his parents to 
Ancaster when only three or four years old. There 
he spent his life upon a farm, living to reach the 
age of sixty-five years. Our subject had his early 
training upon his father's farm, and began his ed- 
ucation in the common schools, but later attended 
the Collegiate Institutes at Hamilton and Water- 
down, Ontario, graduating from the latter school 
in 1879. 

After teaching for three years in the public 
schools of Ancaster, Thomas Rodwell began, in 
1882, the study of medicine at Detroit College of 
Medicine, devoting considerable time to hospital 
work in Detroit and New York City. He was 
graduated at Detroit in 1885, and the following 
year began a general practice here. He has done 
considerable work in the line of minor surgery, 
but makes a specialty of diseases of the throat, 
lungs and chest. 

The marriage of Dr. Rodwell took place March 
I, 18H1. his bride being Anna McDonnell, who was 
born in Burlington, Wentworth County, Ontario, 
March 9, 1858. This lady is a devout member of 
the Roman Catholic Church, and she is now the 
mother of one daughter. Mary J., born September 
22. 1882. 

The political convictions of Dr. Rodwell have 
led him to allilliate with the Republican party and 
he is now Township Clerk of Carrollton Town- 
ship. He twice ran for Coroner, but was defeated, 
although he went far ahead of his ticket. He is a 
popular and prominent member of several of the 
social orders, and belongs to Seymour Lodge No. 



272. F. & A. M., in Canada, and to the Howard 
Lodge No. 220, I. O. O. F., at Carrollton, as well 
as to the Knights of the Maccabees, Knights of 

Honor, and Independent Order of Foresters. He 
is active .•mil efficient in his connection with the 
Carrollton Fire Department, and is the health offi- 
cer of the village. His interest in education lias 
brought him into active work in connection with 
school matters, and for four years he has acted as 
School Inspector. Besides his professional duties. 
he has taken an interest in the lumber industry, 
and is a junior partner in the firm of Cook & Hod- 
well, at Burt, this county, where they have 'been 
running a mill for the past two years. 

marriage which took place September 24, 1888, 
united him with Miss Elizabeth Theiss, of Saginaw. 
Mr. Denfeld is a member of Ancient Landmark 
Lodge. Xo. 303, F. & A. M., also of Saginaw Val- 
ley Chapter No. 31, R .A. M. His pleasant and 
commodious home is the center of a pleasant social 



0>ILLIAM F. DENFELD, the Secretary and 
Treasurer of the Board of Education of 

Saginaw, East Side, was born in Natick, 
Mass., December 3, 1857, and is a son of Frank and 
Margaret (Weigard) Denfeld, both of whom are 
natives of Germany. His father emigrated to the 
United State-; in 18PJ; his mother came later, in 
1852. The parents had been married previous to 
leaving their native land. 

Our subject passed his school days at Westbor- 
ough, Mass., and began his course in Latin in the 
High School. He then entered Amherst College 
where he remained two years and then went to 
Brown University, Providence, R. L,and was grad- 
uated in the Class of '81, after which he taught 
for one year. Later he became a student in the 
Law Department of the University of Michigan 
and was admitted to the bar at Ann Arbor, Janu- 
ary 15, 188I1. After this he went to Lexington, 
Ky., where he was for a year in the oflice of Mor- 
ton cfc Parker, and in the fall of 1884 he came to 
Saginaw and here taught for eighteen months and 
at the same time carried on his law studies. He 
commenced the practice of law alone. 

This gentleman was appointed, in July, 1888, as 
Secretary and Treasurer of the Board of Education 
for East Saginaw, and by reappointment each year 
he has continued in that office for four years, at 
the. same time continuing his law practice. His 


AHA B. ARMSTRONG, B. S., A. M.,M. I). 

l'h is leading lady physician and surgeon 
^/ll) of the Saginaw Valley belongs to the Hom- 
eopathic School and is the only woman 
surgeon of any note in Bay City. She was born at 
Newtown, near Cincinnati, ( Hiio, and is a daughter 
of Eliab and Mary (Whittaker) Armstrong. The 
grandparents were among the early settlers of that 
part of the country, and the family calling had 
been that of milling to a great extent. The father 
of this lady followed that business, and his brother 
John was a member of the Ohio Legislature. 

At the Normal University at Lebanon, Ohio, our 
subject received her literary and part of her med- 
ical education, taking the degrees there of Bachelor 
of Science in the Class of '80, and the following 
year being made Bachelor of Arts while the degree 
of Master of Arts was conferred upon her later. 
Fir some years she taught in Hamilton County, 
and for six or seven years had charge of the Art 
Department of the Normal University of Lebanon, 
Ohio. During that time she studied medicine in 
the department of regular medicine and then prac- 
ticed for three years, after which she attended the 
Homeopathic Department of the University of 
Michigan at Ann ArbDr, graduating therefrom in 
the Class of '89. When she entered the University 
she went in as assistant to the Chair of Theory and 
Practice and then took a post-graduate course. 

After leaving Ann Arbor Dr. Armstrong re- 
turned to Lebanon, Ohio, and practiced there for 
nearly a year before going to New York, where she 
took the post-graduate course for one year in col- 
lege and hospital, paying special attention to sur- 
gery, and then returned to Michigan. She chose 
Bay City as a suitable location and settled here in 



January, 1891. Here she has built up a line repu- 
tation and has a desirable practice. Besides her 
professional career she is looked upon as a leader in 
matters of art and music, as she is very proficient 
therein. She gives much attention to vocal music 
and is the soprano in the First Baptist (lunch, be- 
sides singing before many of the societies of the 

In August, 1X91, Dr. Armstrong \v;is elected a 
member of the School Board of Bay City for a term 
of two years, and it is believed that her intelli- 
gence, her educational experience and her progres- 
sive ideas wiil be of vast value to the schools of the 
city. He genial nature and thorough accomplish- 
ments make her much sought in the social circles 
of the place, and she is soon to become a member 
of the Michigan State Homeopathic Medical Asso- 
ciation, and the Saginaw Valley Homeopathic Med- 
ical Association. Dr. Armstrong is a member of the 
Equal Suffrage Association with which she became 
united soon after locating here. 

L^/ Grace Presbyterian Church of Saginaw City, 
<i 'V is fortunate in having for its pastor a gen- 
tleman of blameless character and upright 
life, a sympathizing helper to the needy, and a prac- 
tical Christian in all the details of everyday exist- 
ence. He is richly endowed with all those gifts of 
mind and heart which appeal most strongly to the 
deepest affections of bis parishioners. His pen is 
that of a ready writer, who feels keenly every truth 
which he records, while he is a deep thinker and a 
fluent speaker. 

The parents of our subject were Alexander and 
Anne ( Preston ) Danskin, who for many yens re- 
sided in Canada. The father, who has always fol- 
lowed agricultural pursuits, is now a resident of 
Marengo, Iowa County, Iowa, and at the age of 
seventy-seven years, is still hale and hearty, bid- 
ding fair to retain possession of his mental facul- 
ties for many years to come. The mother died in 
1880. Eight children came to bless the parental 
home, our subject being the fourth, and he was 

born in Huntington, Canada, .Inly 31, 1849. Ib- 
was only three years old when he accompanied his 
parents to Iowa, and in Marengo he passed his 
youth in a comparal ively uneventful manner, al- 
ternating attendance in the public school with work 
on the home farm. 

After completing the course of study in the 
grammar school of Marengo. Mr. Danskin became 
a student in the Presbyterian Academy at Cedar 
Rapids, Iowa, where he fitted for college. Later he 
entered Wabash College, at Crawfordsville, Ind., 
and was graduated from that institution in 1X74. 
He spent the two ensuing years in Lane Theologi- 
cal Seminary, at Walnut Hills, Cincinnati, and in 
1 87(5 entered the McCormick Theological Seminary 
at Chicago, graduating in the spring of 1X77. His 
first charge was at Cottage Grove, Wis., and in the 
spring of 187X he accepted a call to the Presby- 
terian Church in Keota, Iowa, where he remained 
as pastor for three andone-half years. In October, 
1881, he accepted the pastorate of the Presbyterian 
Church in Warren, 111., and in 1XX2 came to Michi- 
gan, having charge of the chinch in Sault Ste. 
Marie in the Upper Peninsula for four years. The 
church at Vassar, this State, extended to him an 
invitation to become pastor m 188(5, and accepting 
that call, he remained with them until he came to 
Saginaw City in 1890. 

The church of which the Rev. Mr. Danskin is 
pastor, is located on the corner of Fayette and 
Dearborn Streets, and is a handsome brick edifice, 
which, when completed will be one of the most ele- 
gant in the city. Its cost will be about $10,000, 
and it will be an ornament to this portion of the 
city in its finished beauty. In all his ministerial 
labors our subject has been heartily assisted by his 
wife, to whom he was married in 1877. Mrs. Dan- 
skin was known in her maidenhood as Miss Helen 
J. Lemon, and is the daughter of the Rev. Alexan- 
der Lemon, a Presbyterian minister of Ripon, Wis. 
Three children have come to bless the union of our 
subject and his estimable wife — Mary I.., Helen 
Louisa and George A. 

The Rev. Mr. Danskin is characterized by his fear- 
less and unflinching devotion to the truth, and 
those who know him best can most feelingly testify 
to his earnest piety. In his life, as in the lot of 



everyone, are many minor chords, but through 
varying modulations they will, in the Providence 
of God, combine at last in the harmonious final 
chord, whose sweetness and purity will linger long 
in the memory of those to whom he has ever been 
a faithful friend ami consecrated teacher. 

!•=*=* J 

» OHX L. JACKSON. This manufacturer of 
-ham engines, salt well machinery, saw and 
shingle mill machinery, and castings of all 
kinds, has hi> establishment at the corner of 
Water and Jefferson Streets in Saginaw. After 
carrying on his business for eight years and con- 
ducting it successfully he met a great loss in Au- 
gust, 1885, by the works being destroyed by fire. 
He was not, however, to be daunted by this mis- 
fortune, and at once rebuilt and has a finer outfit 
than before. 

The works of Mr, Jackson comprise a two-stoiy 
brick machine shop 60x100 feet in dimensions with 
an ell 30x100 feet, and a large foundry and yards 
covering half a block. A fifty horse-power engine, 
seven lathes, two forty-two-inch planers and four 
drills are part of the plant and machinery which 
are well adapted to the successful prosecution of 
the business upon a large scale, the whole making 
up a machinery equipment which hardly has a su- 
perior in the State. One specialty of this firm is a 
new automatic cut off engine, the recent invention 
of our subject, one of which he has put up in Ger- 
main's new mill and another is in the new Crescent 
Match factory, of which he is Vice-President. Mr. 
Jackson is a thoroughly practical man, and by 
strict attention to details secures the uniform su- 
periority in materials and workmanship which 
marks all the products of his works. 

Our subject was born in Saginaw County, Au- 
gust 19, 1854, and is the only son now living of 
Thomas L. and Veronica (Blatz) Jackson. The 
father was born in Amsterdam, Holland, of English 
parentage, September 16, 1825, his parents being 
Thomas and Hannah (Leonard) Jackson. The fa- 
ther of our subject is still living and for the past 

twenty year- has been Superintendent of the Poor 
in Saginaw. He was bereaved by the death of his 
wife in L881. 

John L. Jackson passed his boyhood days upon 
the farm up to the age of nine years, when he re- 
moved to Saginaw with his parents and here at- 
tended school. Alter leaving the public schools, 
he entered Parsons' Commercial College, and there 
took a full course, graduating in 1871. After that 
he learned the trade of a machinist with A. F. 
Bartlett & Co., of Saginaw, with whom he remained 
for five years, and then traveled as a journeyman 
to different cities for some foui years. He then re- 
turned to Saginaw and started in his present busi- 
ness on a small scale. The boiler works which are 
operated under the firm name of McGregor cV Jack- 
son, are engaged in the manufacture of steam boil- 
ers and sheet-iron ware and of this valuable indus- 
try Mr. Jackson owns a half interest. 

John L. Jackson was married upon New Year's 
day. 1881, to Miss Sadie Smith, of St. Louis, Mich. 
Mrs. Jackson belongs to a New York family, and 
she is now the happy mother of three children, one 
s:>n and two daughters. Mr. Jackson, who is a 
Democrat in his political views, has served as Ald- 
erman for the Thirteenth Ward for one term. The 
pleasant home of this family is located at No. :'>o| 
South Granger Street. West Side. 




LFRED D.TIVY. This gentleman, who held 
the position of Secretary of the West Side 
Business College of Saginaw, and was also 
a partner, and subsequently establishing 
the Cottage Academy, located at No. 801 South 
Washington Avenue, was born December 4, 1K.V2. 
in Lewiston, Niagara County, N. Y., a village sit- 
uated near the foot of Queenstown Heights, from 
which a fine view is had of the monument erected 
to Gen. Brock of Revolutionary fame. 

Mr. Tivy is next to the youngest son of Alfred 
and Mary Ann ( Heaton ) Tivy, the father a na- 
tive of Canada, Of Irish and Welsh descent, who 
was born near Toronto, and died in 18H6, in the 
seventy-ninth year of his age. He was a black- 



smith and fanner by trade. The mother was of 
English descent and was born near Lewiston in 
181:5. She remembered hearing her mother tell 
bow, during the War of 1812, she was forced to 
tlee with her babe to the woods for safety, spend- 
ing the night behind a log in the snow, hut for- 
tunately being found and rescued the next day. 
In the fall of 1853 this worthy couple removed to 
Michigan and located in Tuscola, where they de- 
parted this life, leaving a family of nine children. 
Of these six are living, three sons and three 
daughters, all residents of this State. 

Alfred. I). Tivy attended the common school at 
Tuscola until eighteen years of age. lie then 
taught school for a time at Williams, Bay County, 
afterward attending collegeal Akron, Ohio. Com- 
pleting his course there, lie next taught in the 
Union School at Coieman, this State, following 
which he became Principal of the Potter School, 
in K:ist Saginaw, which position he filled with 
en. lit for four years under Superintendents J. C. 
Jones and C. P>. Thomas. The following year 
was given to work in temperance reform, in which 
he took a great interest. After this he entered 
into partnership with .1. C. Brown in the man- 
agement of the West Side Business College. 

Mr. Tivy has been associated with the Prohi- 
bition party for the past two years, and during 
that time has been Chairman and Secretary of the 
County Committee. He has also been Secretary 
of the Eighth Congressional Committee and a 
member of the State Committee, of which Charles 
T. Russell is now Chairman. While a teacher Mr. 
Tivy was instrumental in furthering the interests 
of the County Teachers' Association and was also 
a member for several years of the State Teachers' 
Association at Lansing. As a Good Templar he 
was sent as a delegate to the Grand Lodge, which 
met at Lansing in 1890. Mr. Tivy is a member 
of the rjniversalist Church located on South Wash- 
ington Avenue, West Saginaw. In 1890 he was 
elected Stale Secretary of the Young People's So- 
ciety of Christian Endeavor. 

The marriage of our subject with Miss May 
liullard took place June 19, 1891, at Saginaw. 
Mis. Tivy is a daughter of Peter Billiard, who is 
now a resident of Kansas. She is a lady of culture 

and has charge of the instrumental music depart- 
ment of the college. The family reside in the 
college building and entertain their many friends 
in a most hospitable manner. 

of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 
of Michigan, and Past Department Corn- 
el mander of the Department of Michigan 
Grand Army of the Republic, is one of the most 
prominent, energetic and enterprising pioneers of 
Saginaw County, having his residence in Maple 
Grove Township. He is a son of William and Mary 
Northwood, natives respectively of the counties of 
Shropshire and Norfolk, England. The parents 
were among the first settlers in Maple Grove 
Township and this was the first family that perma- 
nently settled within its borders, the date of their 
location being in November, 1854. 

Our subject was born at Addle Hill, St. Paul's 
Parish. London, England, .Inly 17, 1838. lie at- 
tended the parish schools of the city of London 
from the age of four to eleven veins. In 181'.) he 
Came with his parents to the New World, where 
they made location at Wellington, Lorain County, 
Ohio. They remained there about one year and 
then removed to New Hudson, Oakland County. 
Mich., but not being satisfied with the new home 
in about one year they went to Detroit. There 
they remained until 1854, the date of their coming 
to Maple Grove Township. During all that time 
our subject had been attending school whenever 
opportunity afforded, but soon after the family's 
arrival in Detroit he, being in his fourteenth year, 
strong and hardy for his age, shipped as a cabin 
boy on board the steamer "Ruby." running between 
Detroit and Port Huron. He followed the lakes 
for three years and then came with his father's 
family to Maple Grove Township. 

Mr. Northwood was married at Flushing, Oene- 
see County, Mich., January 27. 1864, to Miss 
Martha, a daughter of Origen and Savillah (llart- 
soek) Packard, the former a native of New Hamp- 
shire, of English descent, and the latter of Penn- 



sylvania, descended from German stock. When 
nineteen years of age our subject had full charge 
of the parental family, enduring all the hardships 
of pioneer life, not only in cutting and cleaning 
up the forest but in a hundred other ways. 

On the breaking out of the Civil War Mr. North- 
wood entered the Union army as a private soldier 
in Company C, sixteenth Michigan Infantry. lie 
served with his regiment up to and through the 
Peninsula campaign and participated in the siege 
of Yorktown. Hanover Courthouse, and the seven 
days' fight before Richmond, lie was wounded in 
the battle of Gaines Mills, June '27. 1K(>2. minie 
balls passing through both arms, and he was 
obliged to have his right arm amputated. He was 
taken prisoner at Savage Station, Va., June 30, and 
for twenty-six days was confined in Libby Prison 
when he was exchanged. He then repaired to Phil- 
adelphia and entered a hospital, where lie remained 
until the 18th of August. 1862, when he received 
an honorable discharge. Upon his return from 

the army Mr. Northw 1 went immediately to 

Maple Grove Township and resumed his manage- 
ment of the farm. 

The Hon. Mr. Northwood has always voted the 
Republican ticket and has served his township in 
nearly all its local offices. In 1863 he was elected 
Township Clerk, and the same year was appointed 
enrolling officer of the Sixth Congressional District 
with the rank of Second Lieutenant. He has also 
been Supervisor, Justice of the Peace and School 
Inspector. He also acted as Notary Public for 
fourteen years. lie has always taken a deep inter- 
est in the cause of education, using his means and 
influence in promoting the same and has acted as 
School Director for twenty-seven years. Although 
not a member of any religious orginization. Mr. 

Northw 1 always gives liberally of his means to 

the support of the Gospel. 

After holding the numerous local offices referred 
to above, Mr. Northwood was elected in 1884 to 
represent his district in the Legislature, and while 
there was instrumental in locating the Soldiers' 
Home at Grand Rapids, lie thus illustrated him- 
self to be the friend of the old soldiers, and Gov. 
Luce appointed him upon his staff as Paymaster- 
General of Michigan State troops, with the rank of 

Colonel. In 1886 he was elected Department Com- 
mander of the Department of Michigan Grand 
Army of the Republic, and commanded the depart- 
ment at the National Encampment held at San 
Francisco, Cal., in 1886. 

February it. 1871. the lion. Mr. Northwood was 
initiated into Chesaning Lodge, No., 103,1. O. O. F. 
and subsequently into Chesaning Encampment. 
No. 76. That encampment being defunct he united 
with the Encampment at Owosso. No. 54, and 
afterward with Flushing Encampment, No. 14, 
becoming identified with the latter because it was 
nearer his home. He was also a member of Semper 
Fidelis, Canton No. 9, Patriarch's Militant at 
( )wosso and is now a member of the C. E. Rulison, 
Canton No. 34, Patriarch's Militant at Flushing. 
He at once became an active worker in the lodge 
and soon passed all the chairs in both the Subor- 
dinate and Encampment lodges.and became a prom- 
inent member of the Grand Lodge, in which he 
filled appointed offices, and in 1889 was elected by 
the Past Grands of the jurisdiction as their Grand 
Warden, which office he filled so satisfactorily that 
in 1891 he was elected Grand Master of Michigan 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 

The Hon. John Northwood owns a farm of three 
hundred and forty-three acres which is highly im- 
proved. He has several large barns on his place, 
one of which is 45x75 feet in dimensions and which 
is used exclusively for the storage of his farm ma- 
chinery and which contains everything needful for 
a first-class farmer from a hoe to a steam thresher. 
He has a mill upon his farm to prepare the feed 
for his cattle, of which he has some very fine 
specimens. His residence is beautiful indeed and 
bears all the improvements of modern life, being 
heated throughout with steam, has telephone con- 
nections and is furnished in a manner which illus- 
trates its occupants to be people of refinement and 

Our subject deals in real estate, loans and col- 
lections, having his office at New Lotkrop. He is a 
keen business man and is self made in the fullest 
sense of the term. His school advantages were very 
limited, but he has supplemented the knowledge 
which he thus gained in early life by systematic 
judicious reading and is one of the most intclli- 

-■'■■• ■:—■*■•■ i 




gent and cultured men of his township, and indeed 
<>t' the county. He has figured very successfully :is 
a public speaker in both the Grand Army of the 
Republic and in the Odd Fellows Lodge. He is a 
stanch Republican. 

The lion. Mr. Northwood and his wife are the 
parents of one daughter, Mary S., who is the wife 
of .1. W. Bullock; they make their home with our 
subject. They have adopted as their son a nephew 
of Mr. Northwood 's, John YV.. who i- a -on of a 
deceased 9ister of our subject. 

trait on the opposite page represents the 
first Mayor who has executed the wishes of 

^) the people over the consolidated Saginaws. 
He is one of the foremost and representative citi- 
zens of tins enterprising city,. and his election to 
its most lion oral lie office was fortunate, for although 
a young man he had already distinguished himself 
as a lawyer. Modest and evenly balanced, his 
judgment is excellent, and is relied upon by men 
of greatest experience, influence and wealth. He 
arrogates to himself no precedence that is not will- 
ingly accorded him, and his present prominence is 
the result wholly of merit. 

Our subject was horn in St. .Mary's. Auglaize 
County, Ohio, November 6, 1853. His parent-. 
Lewis and Mary (Cullen) Weadock, were born, 
reared and married in Wexford County, Ireland, 
and were the parents of tin ee children when they 
emigrated to the United States in 1849. Thefather 
died December 8, 18G3; the mother survived her 
husband until October 11. 1876. The ashes of both 
resl peacefully in the cemetery at St. Mary's. 

The boyhood days of our subject were spent on 
his father's farm until he was seventeen years of 
age. lie received his primary education in the pub- 
lic Schools of his native place and early displayed 
the qualities of an earnest, painstaking student. 
He taught from the time he was eighteen years of 
age until 1874 in older to enable him to enter col- 
lege for the study of law. which he was reading 
during the hours free from scholastic duties. I'n- 

dci t he tutor-hip of Col. S. 1\. Molt, of SI. Mary's, 
hi- first knowledge of Blackstone was acquired. 
In 1875 he entered the University of Michigan, 
where he studied law for one year, and then en- 
tered the law office of Wilson & Weadock at Hay 
City, the latter being his In-other, the Hon. T. A. K. 
Weadock, ex-Mayor of Bay City, and present Con- 
gressman from that district. 

After passing a mosl satisfactory examination 
before the Examining Hoard, which comprised 
Judge George 1'. Cobb, the Hon. T. F. Shepherd, 
and the Hon. II. 11. Hatch, Mr. Weadock was ad- 
mitted to the bar at Hay Cit\ . September 1 1. 1876, 
before Judge Sanford M. Green. Coming- to East 
Saginaw in January. 1*77. he entered the office of 
T. E. Tarsney, and August 1. of the same year. 
formed a partnership with that gentleman which 
existed until 1891. The firm ranked as one of the 
most successful in the Saginaw Valley. 

Possessed of a pure moral character, kind and 
courteous to old and young, long strides having 
been made in his ambition to acquire an honorable 
eminence at the bar and among men, it surprised 
no one when Mr. Weadock was nominated Mayor 
of the city on the Democratic ticket, still less when 
his rli-i lion was announced, March 3, 1890, with a 
majority of seven hundred and fifty over Dr 
1.. \\". niiss He was re-elected in April. 1891, with 
a majority of two thousand, the hundred and 
eighty-one votes. During his term of Office he has 
given the city a successful business administration 
and has proved himself a strong and well-balanced 

When the two cities "ere consolidated it was 
tacitly understood between the representatives 
from each side, that whereas the county buildings 
were on the wot side, the new city hall should be 
placed nearly midway between them, and that the 
Government building should lie located near the 
business center of the east side. Subsequent to the 
consolidation a fight was made to change the site 
of the city hall and have il brought nearer the 
business center of the easl side. 

Mayor Weadock took a decided stand m this 
matter to carry out in good laith the understand- 
ing had with the committees prior to the consoli- 
dation. The result was that the present convenient 



.site was selected and a handsome edifice erected, 
costing nearly $175,000. A decided stand was 
necessary regarding the site of the Government 
building. Parties interested in real estate endea- 
vored, for personal advantage, to change the loca- 
tion. The matter of bridges over the Saginaw 
River, making closer and more intimate connection 
between the parts of the city, is another subject 
upon which an impartial and unbiased decision was 
made by Mr. Weadock. 

Public improvements have been pushed during 
Mayor Weadock's term of office, and many inno- 
vations have been made upon old methods. Brick 
pavement thai hi- proved so economical and satis- 
factory wherever tried has been introduced, and 
several blocks already laid. Sewers and water mains 
Lave been extended, sidewalks built and the fire , 
limits more closely defined, greater efficiency and 
skill been developed in the police force, new appa- 
ratus and electric appliances introduced into the 
fire department, and the care of the poor more ! 
economically and efficiently administered. 

While .Mayor. Mr. Weadock found it necessary 
to investigate the office of the Police Court Clerk, 
and when the investigation was completed, the 
condition of the office was such that Mayor Wea- 
dock insisted upon the resignation of the Police 
Court Clerk. Mr. Weadock also found it neces- 
sary to prefer charges against the City Clerk, which 
charges, after a vigorous defense, were sustained, 
aud the Clerk removed from office. After his re- 
moval, he insisted upon retaining the office, when 
he was removed therefrom, under the direction of 
Mayor Weadock, by the Chief of Police. Mr. 
Weadock believes that a public office is a public- 
trust, and that no man should accept an office un- 
less he intends to perform its duties faithfully and 
efficiently, and should he be guilty of malfeasance 
or misfeasance in office, he should be removed, ir- 
respective of persona] or party considerations. 

In all these various features of municipal ad- 
vancement and government, every precaution has 
been exercised that it may not prove burdensome 
to those for whom the municipal government'ex- 
ists. The tax-payer has ever been in mind, and 
where possible and the best interests of the city 
conserved, it has been deemed advisable to defer 

making improvements. The spirit was strikingly 
manifested by Mayor Weadock in his address to 
the Council, recommending that paving of all cross 
streets, not main thoroughfares, be deferred until 
a majority of the property-owners affected should 
petition for such improvements. In all these va- 
ried interests Mr. Weadock has been deeply and 
directly interested, and every official act and pri- 
vate utterance has but shown his loyalty to Sagi- 
naw, and without fear or favor, regardless of polit- 
cal consequences, he has done in every instance 
what his judgment, formed only after thorough 
investigation, approved, and what the best minds 
of the city itself have since acknowledged was for 
the city's best interest and well-being. 

In his home life our subject is happy, as so up- 
right and honorable man deserves to lie. He was 
married September 1(5, 1878. at Saginaw, to Miss 
Anne E. Tarsney, sister of the Hon. T. E. Tarsney. 
The lady was born in Hillsdale County, this State, 
December 27, 185(3, and prior to her marriage she 
was a very successful teacher. Eight children have 
brightened and gladdened their home, viz: Louis 

T., George L< lohn Vincent, Bernard Francis, 

Mary Louisa. Joseph Jerome, Catherine Elizabeth 
and Raymond Isadore. Mr. Weadock and family 
are identified with St. Mary's Catholic Church. 



W YMAX G. WILLCOX, Postmaster of Bay 
I (TeS) City, gives his attention wholly to his offi- 
J lAv cial duties, although by profession he is a 
lawyer, and his success in that direction is already 
assured. He has resided in this place since 1884. 
and is one of the most public-spirited and enter- 
prising of (he citizens who have contributed to the 
prosperity of the Saginaw Valley. A native of 
Oakland County, this State, he is the son of L. J. 
Willcox, who settled in Oakland County in 1824. 
At that time the surrounding country was nothing 
more than a wilderness, and it required years of 
painstaking effort to bring the soil to a first-class 

The mother of our subject bore the maiden name 
of Hopey Green and was the daughter of James 


7 SO 

Green, an early pioneer of Oakland County. Mr. 
Willcox, Si\, came hither from ( )neida County ,N.Y., 
by way of Canada, on foot, carrying his rifle in his 
hand, and made settlement in Avon Township, Oak- 
land County, where for many years he was one of 
the leading business men. lie was a mill owner and 
farmer as well as a large buyer of grain in ( Oakland 
and adjoining counties. For many years he con- 
tinued in the milling business, but sold his mill 
some years before his death and retired to his farm. 
which comprised six hundred acres, lie was not a 
politician in the sense of being an office-seeker, al- 
though he served as Supervisor and in other local 
offices. His wife passed away in 1834, hut lie sur- 
vived until the summer of 1885. 

Lyman G. Willcox is of patriot blood, his ances- 
tors having fought in the Revolution and the War 
of 1812. He was educated in tin- public schools. 
and at the academy of Romeo, and was a student 
in Hamilton College, at Clinton, X. Y., from which 
he was graduated with the degree of IX. 11. Af- 
ter that he established himself for the practice of 
his profession in Detroit, where he remained until 
the breaking out of the war. He then raised a 
company of one hundred and fifty men of which he 
was commissioned Captain. On being incorporated 
with the Third Cavalry, his regiment was sent into 
training at St. Louis, Mo., and thence to New Mad- 
rid (Mo.), Island No. 10, from which place they 
were dispatched to Pittsburg Landing and Shiloh. 

With his regiment Capt. Willcox took part in 
the siege of Corinth, after which he went into Ala- 
bama, and at Tuscumliia was put in command of 
his regiment, taking part in the battles of Iukaand 
Corinth. In the summer of 1 862 he was promoted 
to be Major, and with Gen. Grant's army went 
down through Mississippi to Granada. His sol- 
diers occupied Oxford, where he w.-is appointed 
Provost-Marshal. At the close of that campaign 
his regiment was ordered to Tennessee, and spent 
the winter of 1862-63 in that State, being engaged 
in frequent skirmishes. While encamped near Jack- 
son, Tenn., in March, 1863, an incident occurred 
of considerable interest to the parties immediately 
concerned, and showed the bright and practical 
side of the American character, even when enffa^ed 
in civil strife. 

G. D. Penn, the Rev. Mr. Harris. .1. Hall and Mr. 
Pinkston, (the last two were subsequently killed 
by the Confederates,) residents of Lexington, Hen- 
derson County, Tenn., called upon Maj. Willcox at 
his camp, and after a friendly conversation with 
him on general topics, relating to the condition of 
the county, one of them remarked: "Maj. Willcox, 
could our people he made to sec the condition of 
affairs as you do. we think it would lead to a more 
friendly feeling. A f < w days afterward the fol- 
lowing correspondence took place: 

Lexington, Tenn., March 2K, 1863. 
,\I \.i. Willcox: 

Dear Sir: — After consulting several citizens in 
this vicinity, I found it met the approbation of 
all, that you should address them, and, thereupon, 
Thursday, April 2, 1863, was fixed upon for you 
to do so, and was s:o published throughout the 
county. I would be much pleased to have you call, 
and make my house your home, while you are 
among us. The citizens are all anxious for you to 
be here on that day, and I hope you will make it 
convenient to be present. 

Very Respectfully, G. D. Penn. 

Camp Near Jackson, Tenn., 

March 28, 1863.. 
<;. 1). Penn, Esq., and others: 

Gentlemen: — It will give me great pleasure to 
meet the citizens of Henderson County. 1 accept 
your invitation, not as a compliment to myself, but 
as an indication of patriotism, and an earnest desire 
on your part, to mitigate the calamity of this terri- 
ble war, and reconcile citizens, who are now in 
open conflict with each other. 

I will lend my tongue as readily as my sword for 
the good of the cause; and I desire all, irrespective of 
political opinions, to he present, and assure you no 
person conducting himself peaceably .'it the meet- 
ing, whatever may be his sentiments or position, 
whether he be a Confederate soldier or a Union 
man, shall be molested, but will be permitted to 
depart as freely as he comes. 

Let ns have a good old-fashioned citizens' meet- 
ing, without an element of war about it. 
Your fellow-citizen. 

L. G. Willcox. 

Western Tennessee was then being overrun by 
both Union and Confederate soldiers, and a novel 
expedition of the kind proposed was attended with 
considerable hazard. Hut after getting permission 
from the Department Commander the invitation 
was accepted, and although Maj. Willcox was ad- 



vised by Gen. Kimball, then in command, to take 
a large force with him. he went to Lexington, a 
distance of twenty-eight miles, with an escort of 
only eight men. and addressed a large meeting 
composed of Southern citizens, some of whom wore 
the Confederate uniform. The result of the meet- 
ing was the development of an earnest Union feel- 
ing in that section and the organization of a Union 
force in West Tennessee. Twenty-four day- later. 
April 26, Lieut. Bingham, a brother-in-law of the 
Major, was killed on the same road, a few miles 
out from Lexington. 

From Jackson the regiment made regular cav- 
alry expeditions through Mississippi. <>n the ex- 
piration of their term they came home, then re-or- 
ganized and returned to the field of battle. In 
the fall of 1864, on account of the failure of his 
health, our subject resigned Ins position, ami re- 
turned to Detroit to resume his law practice. Soon 
afterward he was appointed Register of the United 
States Land Office at Traverse City, which position 
he held until 187o, when on accountof sickness in 
his family they made a trip to California. In l In' 
meantime, in connection with I-'.. L. Spragne, he 
had established and edited the Traverse Hay TSagle. 
He served one term as prosecuting attorney and 
Circuit Court commissioner for Antrim County. 
For several years he was a correspondent for the 
Western Rural, Chicago Tribune, and other publi- 
cations, and has always been a strong, forcible 

After the return of the family from California. 
Mr. Willcox practiced for a time at Pontiac until 
he was appointed Receiver of public moneys at 
Detroit. In the summer of 1885, he assumed the 
position of editor of the Bay City Tribune, and lo- 
cated here at that time. For one year he contin- 
ued his editorial work, and was soon afterward ap- 
pointed Assistant Prosecuting Attorney for Bay 
County, in which position he served for two years. 
Soon after the expiration of his term of office he 
was appointed Postmaster of Bay City. His popu- 
larity is shown by the fact that the committee ap- 
pointed by the member of Congress from this dis- 
trict to designate the choice of the people, voted 
unanimously for Maj. Willcox among thirteen ap- 
plicants. He assumed charge of the office in M:iv. 

1889, with a commission for a full term, dating 
from January 8. 1890. The post-office now has a 
force of twenty-one sub-workers, and to the office 
he devotes his whole attention. 

Mrs. Willcox. whose maiden name was Azubah 
Bingham, was prior to her marriage, a resident of 
Detroit, and is the mother of two children, George 
B., who assists his father in the post-ollice. and 
.Minnie B. The various members of the family are 
identified with the First Presbyterian Church, of 
Bay City. The Major has been Commander of 
Dick Richardson Post, No. 147, G. A. R„ at Pon- 
tiac, and also Adjutant of U. S. Grant Post, No. 
67, in this city, besides serving in other offi- 
cial capacities. He is a member of the Ray City 
Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons. 

OIIN JFNNINGS. Our subject is one of 
the younger Canadian-American farmers 
now located in Brant Township, Saginaw 
County, lie was born in Simcoe County. 
Ontario, May 12, 1849, and is a son of Thomas 
ami Margaret (Moore) Jennings, natives of Can- 
ada. His paternal grandsire came to this country 
from Ireland, and he has transmitted to his chil- 
dren ami children's children much of the fresh 
originality for which his countrymen are noted. 

Our subject's father was a carpenter by trade 
and convinced that he could better himself by 
locating in the Slates, about 1870 he moved to 
Duluth, Minn., where he died in August, 1889. at 
the age of sixty-eight years. He was a Roman 
Catholic in his religious inclinations. His wife 
still survives; she has been the mother of nine 
children, whose names are Elizabeth, John, Mar- 
garet, Thomas, James. Robert. Peter, Ellen and 
Ann. Our subject's father for a number of years 
was the proprietor of an hotel and John Jennings 
was there reared. In this way he met with many 
men in his boyhood that have had their influence 
upon the social and governmental facts of the na- 
tions. He received his education in the district 
schools in the vicinity of his home, but at the age 
of sixteen left home and engaged in lumbering. 



In the spring of 18(57 our subject went to Bay 
City, and was there engaged in the lumber woods, 
and ever since that time has spent Ins winters in 
getting out the harvest of the Northern State. His 
summers were spent in work in the mill. In 1874 
he located where he now resides on one hundred 
and forty acres of land on section 3, Brant Town- 
ship. This he has cleared and improved and has 
made of it a line farm. Mr. Jennings has served 
as Commissioner of Highways for four terms. Al- 
though he favors the policy of the Democratic 
party, he is not so strict in his adherence to any 
line of political work that he cannot see good as 
well as mistakes in both sides, and tries to en- 
courage the former by voting for the best in all 

Our subject was married March 28, 1870, to Miss 
Colvin, a daughter of Benjamin and Arabella 
(Hunt) Colvin. They are the parents of five 
children: Edna A.. Benjamin I'., Thomas P., Robert 
R.. and Ilancy L. Mr. and Mrs. Jennings arc highly 
honored among the people of the township. They 
came to this locality without means, but have 
worked hard and acquired a comfortable com- 


■= — = s r^i* 

eAPF. WILLIAM E. PIERCE, who has spent 
almost his entire life upon the water, is at 
present Captain of the propeller "Benton," 
in which he also has a pecuniary interest. He is an 
old resident of West Bay City, having lived here 
since 1851, being brought hither sooi. after his 
birth, which took place at AuSable, November 28, 
of the same year. His father, Charles M. Pierce, 
was born in Jefferson County. X. Y., near Cherry 
Valley. For the sketch of the grandfather, Nathan 
Pierce, mi- t hat of ( apt. B. !•'. Pierce in this volume. 
The father of our subject was reared and edu- 
cated in New York and came to the Saginaw Val- 
ley about 1843, where he taught one of the first 
schools in Lower Saginaw. He afterward engaged 
in fishing and sailing, building crafts and owning 
large fishing interests at AuSable and Beaver 
Island where he employed seven boats in that bus- 

iness. He was a fine mechanic and was engaged 
in building and dealing in real estate. In 1884 
he began trading along the Huron Post and at 
Sault Ste. Marie, making his headquarters at Sail- 
er's Encampment. From 1857 and 1870 he re- 
sided in Collingwood and Bruce Mines, Canada, 
returning to Bay City in 1870. He was a Demo- 
crat in politics and an industrious, hardworking 

The mother of our subject, whose maiden name 
was Hannah Perrott, was a native of Cork, Ireland. 
Her father removed to the United States and 
bought a farm in Lower Saginaw, about 1844, be- 
ing among the first Irish families in Bay City. He 
was a cooper by trade and ran a shop on Water 
Street until he retired from business in 1860. His 
death took place in Canada. Of the children of 
this couple three sons and two daughters are living, 
of whom our subject is the eldest. 

William E. Pierce was a babe when brought to 
West Hay City by his parents and here gained his 
education in the common and graded schools. 
since the age of thirteen he has followed the life 
of a sailor, starting out at that time as a slack boy 
on the schooner" N. B. Lyon." The next season he 
shipped before the mast on the schooner "Comet," 
one hundred and fifty tons, before the season was 
over being made first mate, and when only sixteen 
years old was made master of the vessel. The 
schooner was engaged in trading up the Georgian 
Bay and carrying supplies to Duck Island for the 
firm of Marks Bros. 

Capt. Pierce remained with the "Comet" two 
seasons, then came to Bay City and worked on the 
river on tugs, etc.. for some two years. Next he 
went on the steam barge "Alvin A. Turner,"which 
had just been completed, and acted as wheelman 
for two years. He was then for six seasons engaged 
as watchman and second mate on the" B. W. Jen- 
ins-" which was engaged in the lumber, grain aud 
coal trade. The first season he was made second 
mate and for four seasons acted as first mate. He 
was for four years with Mitchell ct Boutelle as 
master on the "Emerald," and for the succeeding 
three years acted as mate on the steam barge 
"Michigan - " Afterward he bought an interest in a 
barge with E. J. Vance on the"Racious"and sailed 



her for two years, carrying lumber to Buffalo and 
returning to Michigan with coal. 

After selling thai vessel the Captain in 1887 
bought an interest in the steam barge "Benton" 
with E. J. Vance & Co.. and has sailed her for 
four seasons in the lumber and coal trade to Buf- 
falo. The "Benton" is a good sized vessel, with a 
capacity of 300,000 feet of lumber and tows for 
four barges. In all his twenty-seven years of stead \ 
sailing over Lakes Michigan, Huron and Erie, 
Capt. Pierce has been remarkably fortunate, never 
having met with an accident nor having a single 
man drowned or injured while in his employ. He 
has also been successful financially and owns some 
good real estate in West Bay City. He owns and rents 
a drug-store on Washington Street, two stories in 
height, and 40x42 feet. His pleasant residence is 
situated on the corner of King and Clara Streets. 

Capt. Pierce was married in the fall of 187W in 
Tonawanda, N. Y.,to Miss C. L. Homeyer, a native 
of that city. To them have been born a family of 
five children, of whom two, Minnie and Freddie, 
died at the age of one year. Those living are Will- 
iam, Elbert and Bessie. Capt. Pierce is a member 
of social societies, among them being the Masonic 
order, Masonic Temple Association, Ancient Order 
of United Workmen, Marine Mutual Benevolent 
Association No. 5, of Bay City; the Bay County- 
Masonic Mutual Association. He is a Democrat in 
politics, and he and his wife are members of the 
Westminster Presbyterian Church. He has a pleas- 
ant home and a charming family and is held in 
high esteem in the community where he has so long 

On an accompanying page the reader will notice 
a portrait of Capt. Pierce. 

'1£ N ENRY FEIGE. Among the prominent 

citizens of Saginaw who claim Germany as 
their Fatherland, none holds a higher place 
in the esteem of the community or has been 
more prosperous than the subject of this sketch. In 
his line store, which occupies a building three 

stories high, fronting on two of the principal 
streets of the city, he carries a large and varied 
stock of furniture and carpets, and his establish- 
ment is considered to be one of the largest and 
besl conducted of any in that line in Northern 
Michigan. His large experience in the business 
and his reputation as an honest dealer have given 
him a high standingin commercial circles and se- 
cured him an excellent pateonage. 

.Mr. Feige was born in Hesse-Cassel, German^, 
January 1. L838, and is the .son of Engelhardt 
Feige. In 1K47 his parents with their family emi- 
grated to the United States landing in New York 
City where they remained until 1853, the father 
being engaged in the furniture business. In the 
latter year they removed to Palmyra, N. Y, where 
they spent one year ami in 1854 came to Saginaw, 
where Mr. Feige, Sr., started in the furniture busi- 
ness on Water siieet, afterward removing to Gene- 
sec Street, and in 1861 sold out to H. C. Silsbee. 

In the fall of 1863 the father having retired 
from business, it was carried on by the sons under 
the linn name of Feige Bros. In 1865 they bought 
out II. C. Silsbee and continued in business until 
1872, when their trade had grown to such pro- 
portions that they were obliged to move to a larger 
place. They rented the large double store form- 
erly occupied by Berry & Sons, and remained in 
that place until 1890 when they took possession of 
I heir present quarters in the Savings Bank build- 
ing on the corner of Oenesee and Cass Streets and 
which was erected by the old firm of Feige Bros, in 
L872. From 1868 the business was conducted by 
the three brothers — Henry. Ernest and George 

Henry Feige. the subject of this sketch, passed 
his school days in New York City and on leaving 
school assisted his father in the store until the 
breaking out of the Civil War, in 1M61. when he 
enlisted in Company F, First Michigan Infantry, 
Col. Roberts of Detroit commanding. The regi- 
ment was assigned to the Army of the Potomac 
and took part in the seven day's fight before Rich- 
mond, and in the second battle of Bull Run and 
was afterward under command of Gens. Grant and 
Sherman. .Mr. Feige was taken ill and was sent to 
the hospital where he remained until January, 



L863, when he was discharged on a surgeon's cer- 
tificate and returned home to Saginaw, becoming 
book-keeper for Feuzelee Bros. 

In 1863 Mr. Feige engaged with his brother 
Ernest in the furniture business under the name of 
Feige Bros., continuing one year when he sold out 
to H. C. Silsbee. In 1868 he again bought into 
the firm with his two brothers, remaining until 
1879 when he established a branch store at Bay 
City. He conducted that business until 1X85. when 
he returned to Saginaw and helped to organize the 
Feige-Silsbee Manufacturing Company, of which 
he was made Secretary and Treasurer, holding that 
position until 1887. He then bought out the in- 
terest of his brother George in the retail depart- 
ment and has since carried on the business alone. 

Mr. Feige was married in 1877, Miss Christina 
Scherer, of Saginaw, a daughter of Jacob Scherer, 
becoming his wife. They are the parents of the 
following-named children: George, Henry, Clara, 
Olga and Meta. In politics Mr. Feige is a Repub- 
lican and socially a member of Bay Lodge, 
I. 0.0. F. His present residence issituated on the 
corner of Fourth and Genesee Streets and here he 
and his estimable wife entertain a large circle of 

llMh AT1I,AS I!I '*'KER. Among the enter- 
/// lit terprising ar >d successful German citizens 
Hi w of Saginaw who have resided so long in 
this county as to become thoroughly 
Americanized, may be classed the subject of this 
sketch. He was born April 6, 18:!(i. in the village 
of Peterswald, on the banks of that river famed 
in song and story, the Rhine, and was the second 
son of Peter and Anna (Hellen) Becker. His father 
combined the various callings of a baker, grocer, 
and hotelkeeper, which he carried on until his 
death, the son assisting him. On the death of the 
father the family consisting of the mother and 
seven children, emigrated to America in 1852, lo- 
cating first at Olmstead Falls, Ohio, where they 
carried on farming until 1854. They then re- 
moved to Grand Rapids, Mich., where they lived 

for a time on Government land and where 7the 
mother died. 

The school days of our subject were passed in 
the Fatherland and on his arrival in this country 
he at once began to assist in the maintenance of 
the family. After coming to Grand Rapids he 
followed the trade of a cooper, at which he worked 
for a time at Rock River, near Columbus, Ohio. 
While in Grand Rapids he took a .contract for 
piece work at which he was employed from 1854 
until 1861. 

In the latter year the call to arms was heard 
throughout the country, and full of the patriotism 
which is a part of every German's nature, Mr. 
Becker at once offered his services to his adopted 
land, and enlisted in Company C, Third Michigan 
Infantry, Col. Daniel McConnell commanding. The 
regiment was assigned to the Army of the Poto- 
mac, and our subject took part in the engagements 
of Black River and the first battle of Bull Run, at 
the latter of which he was unfortunately disabled 
and pronounced unfit for duty, and subsequently 
discharged, thus cutting short a promising military 
career. Returning home he went to Ionia where 
he opened up a restaurant, but in 1865 again took 
up his trade as a cooper and worked at it for the 
succeeding ten years. 

In 1875 Mr. Becker decided to start in business 
in a small way on his own account, and opened up 
a small shop in Saginaw on Court Street. In 1884 
he removed to his present location on the corner 
of Stevens and layette Streets where he now car- 
ries on quite an extesive manufactory, the pro- 
ducts of which are barrels of ail descriptions, flour, 
salt, apple barrels, fish kits, and kegs of various 
kinds. He supplies the three flouring mills in 
Saginaw and also ships large quantities of pork 
barrels to other parts of the State. From a modest 
beginning his business has steadily increased until 
now he owns an excellent plant and employs from 
twelve to fifteen workmen. As an example of the 
successful results of thrift and industry, Mr. Becker 
may well be cited to the young men who begin 
life dependent on themselves for advancement. 

The marriage of Mr. Becker and Miss Theresia 
Lux took place February 7, 1857, at Grand Rap- 
ids. Mrs. Becker is a native of Germany, but 



came to this country when quite young. To this 
worthy couple seven children have been born: Al- 
bert J., William J., Edward V. M., Matilda, Delia 
T., Frank L.. Hiram M. 

In politics Mr. Becker is a Republican and has 
served one term as Alderman of the Fifth Ward. 
He belongs to the Grand Army of the Republic 
and is a member of the Teutonic Lodge. 






GOTTLIEB KIESEL. This German-Amer- 
ican farmer (if Bangor Township, Bay 
County, owns and operates a line farm 
located on section lis. He is a son of John G. 
Kiesel, who was born in Wurlemburg, Germany, 
in the year 1807, and came to America in 1851, 
spending one year in Baltimore, Md.. and then 
removing to Seneca County, Ohio. After three 
years there which he spent in farming, he migrated 
in May, 1855, to Michigan. 

The family settled in Saginaw County, in that 
pari which afterward was made into Bay County. 
Mr. Kiesel lived for four years on the Midland 
road on a rented place, after which he purchased 
forty acres of land and later took up another forty 
acres under the Homestead law. He at once pro- 
ceeded to cut away the forest and help in building 
up the new country. lie was married in 1837 to 
Annie Marie Kiesel, who was. however, although 
of the same name, not related by blood. 

This worthy couple had nine children, only 
three of whom grew to man's and woman's estate. 
They are: Mrs. Christian Nichols, who lives in Bay 
County; Catherine, who married C. F. Richie and 
resides in Portsmouth Township; and our subject. 
who was born September L6, 1848, in Wittenberg. 
He was three years of age when he came to this 
country and his education was received in the 
public schools of Bay County. 

Gottlieb Kiesel was united in marriage, October 
1. 1*70. to A. M. C. Baumester, whose home was 
in Pine River Township, Gratiot County, this 
State. Mrs. Kiesel was horn .Inly IK. 1859, and 

received her education in Gratiot County. She 
u:i- the daughter of Henry B. and Mary E. Baum- 
ester, who came to this country from Germany in 
1862. To Mr. and Mrs. Kiesel have been granted 
six children: Frederick, who was born in 1*7*; 
Gottlieb .Jacob, September 17. 1880; Minnie, in 
1883;John,in 1885;Henry, in 1888; and Gottlieb, 
the youngest, in 1890. 

Mi'. Kiesel has one hundred and forty acres of 
land all of which is improved except thirty acres 
of woodland which he uses foi pasturage. General 
farming and stock-raising engage bis energies. The 
house which he occupies, a view of which is shown 
upon another page, was built by his father but he 
erected the barn. He is a member of the Inde- 
pendent Order of odd Fellows, the A. U. V. of 
Salzburg, and is now filling theoffice of Justice of 
the Peace. He has been Commissioner of Highways, 
Treasurer of the Township and of the School Hoard, 
lie is a Democrat in his political preferences as was 
also his father. 



i E . c , , 


OHN LARACEY, who represents Kawkaw- 
lin Township on the Board of Supervisors, 
of Bay County, is numbered among the 
most influential citizens of the community 
in which he resides and is the owner and operator 
of a good farm of ninety-live acres on section 27. 
Upon that place he has erected a comfortable iesi- 
dence, commodiously and conveniently arranged, 
and in the rear of the dwelling may be found a 
line barn, where stock find shelter and the various 
cereals are stored for winter use. First-class im- 
provements have been placed upon the estate 
which has been brought to a high state of cultiva- 
tion by proper rotation of crops and fertilization 
of the soil. A view of the residence with the at- 
tractive rural surroundings appears elsewhere in 
this volume. 

The parent- of our subject bore the names of 
John and Mary L. (Laelair) Laracey, and the 
former, who was born in Canada about the year 
1830, remained in his native place until he had 

- ■■ - . 

HA HEi: P® 

—. ~ 



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•- •■:■■,; ■;./^^^-sv;^;-ir , .v/:^;-. ■. ■.-..■ : __ .■■ - - ■■ 





attained to manhood. In 1856 he came to Mich- 
igan, settling in Bay City and sojourned there 
about twenty years. He found steadj employ- 
ment as a Captain on the lakes and led :i stirring 
and adventurous life for many years. His death 
occurred while lie was engaged as a sailor; his 
wife still survives at an advanced age. Of their 
eighl children, five are now living, John, Jr., 
being the next to the youngest in order of birth. 
He is a native-born citizen of this county, having 
firsl opened his eyes to the light in Bay City, and 
is now in the prime of life, his birth having oc- 
curred .May -.'ii. 1861. 

At the age of ten years Mr. Laracey started oul 
for himself and has since then supported himself 
unaided. His education was therefore necessarily' 
limited and has been gained principally by obser- 
vation and experience rather than l>\ study from 
texl honks. By working during the summer in 
the mills he was enabled to attend school during 
the wintci seasons until he commenced to work in 
tlir lumber woods. His beginning was humble 
and what he has acquired is the result of unremit- 
ting toil and ceaseless exertion. With his indus- 
try he has combined business tad and good judg- 
ment, qualities which always characterize the suc- 
cessful man. He carefully hoarded bis earnings 
until in the year 1885 he had sufficient capital to 
purchase the land upon which he nowresides. To 
the cultivation of this place he has since devoted 
his attention, introducing :i good syste f drain- 
age and raising graded stock in connection with 
general farming. 

The political belief of Mr. Laracey has brought 
him into affiliation with the Democratic parfrj and 
so high is the opinion in which he is held by his 
fellow-citizens that he has frequently been called 
upon to till positions of trus.1 and responsibility. 
He served one term as Treasurer of Kawkawlin 
Township, discharging the duties of thai position 
efficiently and satisfactorily. In 1890 he was 
elected a member of the Board of Supervisors and 
is now in tin- office doing all in his power to ad- 
vance the interests of the people whom he repre- 
sents. No measure has been presented having in 
view the promotion of the welfare of the township 
or county, which has not received tin- hearty sym- 

pathy and Liberal aid of Mr. Laracey, and to him 
may be attributed to no small extent the progress 
which is noticeable in the farming community of 
Kawkawlin Town-hip. 



e - 


ENRY M. LEACH, M. 1). This prominent 
| and influential physician had his birth in 
Yates County, N. V.. July 10, 1853. His 
parents, Amos C. and Louise (Carpenter) 
Leach, were also natives of the Empire state and 
his father was there a prominent miller as he 
owned and operated a flouring mill for many 
years. He lived to be a man of seventy years and 
passed away from life in L885. His affectionate 
wife and faithful companion, who was the daugh- 
ter oi .lames Carpenter of English ancestry, was 
called from his side by death in 1x70. The Leach 
family traces it- descenl from the land of Erin. 

In the household of which our subject was a 
member there were five children, two of whom 
have been called to another life while three a re 
still living and of this number the Doctor is the 
youngest. After studying in the common schools 
of his native home and taking a course in Penn 
Yan Academy he entered Hamilton College and 
pursued his studies there for one year. He 
then came to Michigan and commenced his profes- 
sional studies with Dr. Stone, of Metamora, and 
afterward went to New York City where he 

entered liellevne Hospital .Medical College and 
continued his studies until .March. 1879 when he 

graduated taking the degree of Doctor of Medi- 

The first location of the young Doctor was at 
Vassal-. Tuscola ( ounty, Mich., and he continued 
tin re for eighl year- establishing himself well and 
building up a large clientage. About that time he 
determined to give himself further advantages of 
study by visiting Europe and he sold out his 
practice a1 Vassal* and crossing the ocean -pent 
-ome time in the hospitals of London. Edinburg 
and Paris, making a specialty of surgery and 
e\ necologj . 

Returning to Michigan Dr. Leach located at 



Saginaw on the East Side, where he has effected 
the establishment of a most excellent practice, and 
now lias a large coterie of families who depend 
upon him for their medical counsel. His tine office 
at No. 416 Genesee Avenue, is handsomely 
furnished and well equipped with professional ap- 

The marriage of Dr. Leach and Miss Katie 
Wilder, of Kalamazoo, took place in I885. This 
lady was horn in Michigan and is a daughter of a 
well-known citizen of Kalamazoo, .1. .1. Wilder. 
Our subject has the responsible and prominent 
official position of surgeon of St. Mary's Hospital. 
He is also a member of the .State Medical Society 
and also of the Saginaw Valley Medical (lull. His 
pleasant residence is located at No. 826 Hoyt 
Street, and there he and his wife dispense a cordial 
hospitality to their friends and neighbors. 


' •!"5"5"J- C 

j^lf NTON W. ACHARD. We here present a 
("7 J life sketch of the President of the Saginaw 
Hardware Company. He was born in Prus- 
sia. Germany, not far from Berlin, April 
13, 1825, and his father was Felix Achard. The 
mother, Kinitie Miller, like her husband, never came 
to this country but spent her life in the Father- 
land. They had only two children, a son and a 
daughter, our subject's sister bearing the name of 

Anton W. passed his school days in the country 
up to the age of seventeen years, and afterward 
as a journeyman visited different cities for two 
years, lie then attended for one year the College 
of Architecture, after which he was apprenticed to 
to the carpenter's trade for three years. He also 
had some experience as a gardener, spending his 
winters in the Architectural office of the Govern- 

In 1848, during the Revolution ; Mr. Achard was 
in Rathenow and took part in military affairs, and 
this led him to decide to leave his native home and 
come to the United States. He landed in New York 
in August, 1849, and at once came West and lo- 
cated near Saginaw, where he carried on farming 

for two years upon forty acres, lie then went to 
Saginaw and began contracting and building, fol- 
lowing that business until 1863, and putting up 
many important buildings, such as the Burrows 
Bank building, besides many private dwellings. In 
1863 he went to Toledo, Ohio, to take charge of a 
nursery for Peter Lank. After remaining there one 
year he returned to Saginaw and engaged in erect- 
ing brick houses, and for eighteen months was en- 
gaged in superintending the Wayne County Salt 

In 186.") Mr. Achard formed a partnership with 
William Seyffardl under the linn name of Se\ llardt 
& Achard and embarked in the hardware business 
and continued until 1871, carrying 011 the business 
in Niagara Street. In February of that year the 
firm was dissolved by mutual consent and the 
stock was divided. Mr. Achard stocking a store on 
Hamilton Street and continuing alone for 1 wo 
years until he formed a partnership with Emil 
Sehoeneberg, with the firm name of Achard & 
Sehoeneberg. After six years of harmonious co 
operation the partnership was dissolved, our sub 
ject buying out the interest of his partner. Lor 
two years he carried on the business alone, after 
which he took his eldest son, Emil F., into the con- 
cern, establishing the firm of Achard & Son. In 
1882 he erected a building for the accommodation 
of the business, covering 60x153 feet, two stories 
in height and a basement, all of which is devoted 
to the hardware business. 

The business of our subject was in 1881 made 
into a stock company, and on this reorganization 
Mr. Achard was made President; William Seyffardt, 
Secretary, and Emil F. Achard, Treasurer, and with 
this official management the business is growing 
in enterprise and extent, so that they now keep 
three men upon the road. 

Anton W. Achard was married in 18.52 to Miss 
Marie Fittinger. of Saginaw", a native of Prussia. 
Their five children are Emil F.; Frank ('., who isa 
traveling salesman on the road: Oscar, who is ship- 
ping clerk; William, who has charge of a branch 
store in the First Ward and Clara, who is at home. 
Mr. Achard served for two terms as Supervisor for 
the Fourth Ward, now the Thirteenth. For four- 
teen years he was a member of the Water Board 



and a long time was <>n the Cemetery Board and 
has served upon the School Board to nil vacancies. 
In his political views he is in harmony with the 
Republican party. 



/-^i Dl.iiMON MALT. Among the English- 
^ssj? American citizens of Saginaw Township 
il none are more prominently and favorably 
known than he whose name appears abovei 
and who is the proprietor of a large brick-yard on 
the hanks of the Tittabawassee River. 1 le i.> i -' ,t ' 
owner of a farm on section 18, where is ' ,s resi_ 
dence and place of business. Mr. M a was born 
in Cambridgeshire, England, Aup ■■"•' ' '■ 1835. He 
is the son of Christopher an<* Mar y (Clark) Malt, 
both natives of England. Our subject's fatherwas 
a gardener. He died <■ hi> native land at the age 
of seventy-six year- "'' ■"" l nis "'»'' reared 
three children, w*° were named respectively, 
Louisa Solomon nd John - Mri Mar J' Mall died 
at the age of eh 'ty-three years; she :i ml her hus- 
band reared the 1 ' children m the faith of the Bap- 
tist Church. 

Solomon Y'' f ' ia '^ llUt >in:1 " educational advan- 
|.,,,,. s being' )lace ^ '" a dry -goods store as clerk at 
the age of 1 ' ne years and there remained until 
fifteen vea s °^- He t ' a ""' '" America in 18.50, 
making tl 2 vo . v:l S' e alone, having one sister a1 
Lockport^' ^' "'' was eighteen weeks ami two 
days on r'' vova ge a °d encountered severe storms, 
lie win!'' 1 at Lockport for one year, driving a 
,,,.,,,, ,,,,1 then went to Buffalo. N. V.. where he 
drove a v:l -"" for the American Express Company 
for sevi? . v, ''"' s - At tne end of that time he re- 
turne( j to England and remained one year, when 
l i( , ( . ;m ' hack and spent another two years with 
the ex ress com pany and then came to Michigan, 
lirill" 1 - llis Iam lly via the lake. He had made a 
prog .JCting tour before thai time and purchased 
eight acrea " f ' :l1 "' ui Thomas Township. 

,.ir subject had never been in so dense a fores! 

|,.orc hut settled at once on his land and during 

die year that he spent there, cleared ii somewhat, 

and then sold and purchased Thomas Parker's farm. 

That he also sold at the end of a year and then 
launched into the brickmaking business. June 1 I. 
1862, our subject was married to Ellen Parker, who 
was horn in Scotland and came to this count n 
with an aunt when quite young. From this mar- 
riage have been born seven children, of whom four 

have been reared, Fanny I... Tl as P.. Sarah E., 

Solomon ('. They also have ".i adopted daughter, 

The original of ■ ur sketch began brickmaking in 
1865, common in g Oil a small scale and with horse- 
power 'I" has gradually increased" his business 
lentil hi' now make- about three million brick per 
annum. lie owns sixty acres of land here which 
he farms to some extent. His brick-yard furnishes 
much of the building material for Saginaw and 
Bay City and he also finds a ready market in Buf- 
falo and Syracuse. N.Y. In his religious life our sub- 
ject is associated with the Presbyterian Church, 
in which he is a Trustee and has been such for four- 
teen years. He affiliates with the Republicans in 
politics and has held the office of School Treasurer. 
Last siuiiig he started his son with a farm of sev- 
en1 y acres. 




OL. JOHN C. BOUGHTON, a successful 
grocer of West Pay City whose place of 
business is on the corner of Jenney and 
Keisel Streets has been a resident, of this place for 
the past eight years. He is a native of this State, 
having been born in N'ovi Township, Oakland 
County. November 1 I. 1836. lie isason of Darius 
G. Boughton, a native of Seneca County, N. Y.. 
and was born in 1809. The grandfather, Daniel 
Boughton. died in Seneca County, N. Y.. and our 
subject traces his ancestry back to Germany to the 
time of King Clovis, then to Frame, later as Hu- 
guenots, then to England and at last to America. 
The grandfather was a soldier in the Revolution- 
ary War and was with Washington at Valley Forge. 
The father of our subject was a farmer in New 
York Stale and came to .Michigan when yet a sin- 
gle man in 1832, where he settled in Wayne County 
and later bought land in Novi Township, Oakland 



County. On this estate he resided for over fifty years. 
He now resides with our subject in Bay City, and 
was politically, first an old-line W'hiu. a Free-oiler, 
Abolitionist, and lastly a Republican. The mother 
of our subject bore the maiden name of Catherine 
Conger— and was born in Ontario County, N. Y., 
a daughter of Jphn and Peggy (Snover) Conger, 
of Dutch descent ami natives of New York. 

He of whom we write "is l| "' eldest of the four 
children born to his parents an.' • " his early boy- 
hood attended the old log schoolhoiiSW>f which we 
so often have spoken. When sixteen years '.'Id lie 
attended the State Normal School for two years al 
Ypsilanti and taught school in the winters and 
worked on the farm in the summers. lie remained 
at home until nineteen when he was employed in 
a sawmill for awhile. Going on a steamboat lie 
served as engineer fora time, and afterward on the 
••Old Adelaide" as clerk, and ran on the Muske- 
gon River two seasons. Subsequently lie worked 
in the lumber woods, scaling logs on the Muskegon 
River. In 1!s7>k he returned to Oakland County 
and worked on his father's farm for three year-. 

At the first tap of tin- drum Col. Boughton en- 
listed in his country's defense in the Second Mich- 
igan Infantry, Company G, and was mustered in 
at Ft. Wayne, Ind., and -cut South. He partici- 
pated in the following battle-: First Bull Run. in 
which he was badly wounded; Williamsburg, Fair 
Oaks, Glendale. Malvern Hill, Second Hull Run. 
Grovetown, Va.; Chantilly, Fredericksburg, siege 
of Vicksburg, siege of Jackson, Blue Springs, Lou- 
den. Lenair (Fla.), Campbell Station, siege of 
Knoxvdle, Strawberry Plain. Wilderness. Spottsyl- 
vania, Oxford, North Anna, Tollapotomy Creek, 
Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Bethesda Church, the 
Crater. Weldon Railroad, Beans Station. Poplar 
Springs, Boydton Road, Hatchie's Run. and many 
skirmishes. He was promoted from the rank- to 
be Sergeant. Orderly Sergeant and then Commis- 
sary Sergeant. On the 6th of October, 1864, he 
was commissioned Captain of Company I. Second 
Michigan Infantry, by ex-Oov. Austin Blair. He 
was appointed Brevet-Major in the year 1865, 
by President Lincoln and commissioned Major by 
( rOV. Crapo. In the same year he was commissioned 
Captain at Ft. Steadnian for bravery in capturing 

four hundred prisoners with only twenty-five men. 
He surprised them in the dark and marched them 
away from their guns. In 1865, April 17. ('apt. 
Boughton received the commission of Lieutenant- 
Colonel, and was mustered out as Major, July 25, 

Upon his return from the war Col. Boughton 
went to Traverse City and entered one hundred 
and sixty acres of land, built a log house and 
cleared one hundred acres and farmed it until 
1883. lie was Supervisor of hi- township and also 
served as School Director. About that time he 
started a hardwood mill and chair factory at Tra- 
v ,.|-e City under the name of Boughton A- West, 
but was taken sick and could not attend to busi- 
ness. con-c.pV.'nt'y he failed. In I**.", he came to 
Kay City with.'. 111 anything and started as 
a huckster, selling '.'" tlu ' streets. He secured 
some money ahead and v' 11 ' the help of Maltby & 
Brotherton he started a sh :l11 grocery store. In 
1887 he built his store at J<o- 4 <>2 Keisel Sti'eet, 
where he keeps groceries, erockW :ln( ' produce. 

Tin's hiehly respected gentle man was married 
al I ( 1865, to Mi- Mai \ K.Brooks,a native 
of New York State, but who was ii ;m '<' '" Illinois 
and Michigan. They became the parents of three 
children, two yet surviving, namely Darius, at 
home: Ile-ie.wiio died at the age" of fourteen year- 
in 1883; and Helen who i- at home. ('ol. Bough- 
ton served as Alderman of the Fourth Ward one 
term and is a very prominent Grand Army man. 
He is a true blue Republican and has served as 
delegate to the State conventions. 

r~"\ ERNARD BERNARD, of West Ha; City, 
Y^\ was born in Canton Basel, Switzerl3 n ^» * n 
I 1847, and is the son of Bernard and * !ltn - 
erine Bernard, native- of the l)e]>ar ,nent 
of Doubs, in the east of France. His father. who 
was born in 1800, was a fine machinist and ci v '' 
engineer. and for about six years was Superintend- 
ent of a railroad in Switzerland. Thence he i ' 
turned to his native province where he pa— c" 



remaining years, highly esteemed by the people 
among' whom lie dwelt. For some years lie was 
Superintendent of the Iron Foundry Company. 
having about four thousand men under him and 
carrying on that business with marked ability. A 
man of powerful physique and strong constitution, 
he attained to the advanced age of eighty-eighl 
years and his death in 1888 was caused by the 
bursting of a blood vessel. His wife, mother of 
our subject, also passed away in her native land, 
having reached the age of sixty-two years. 

The early recollect ions of Mr. Bernard are of 
the vine-clad hills of France, whither he was 
brought by his parents when quite small, lie 
passed his childish days in his father's native home, 
where he received a splendid education in the 
German, French, Latin and English languages and 
became fluent ill their use. When he was about 
twelve years old he accompanied his father to 
Egypt, embarking on a steamer at Marseilles and 
landing at Alexandria, from which place he pro- 
ceeded up the Nile. lie aided his father, who was 
Superintendent of the first railroad built in Egypt 
about 1859-60, and when the job was completed, 
returned with him to France. He has been an ex- 
tensive traveler and has crossed the Alps three 
times, besides visiting many other portions of the 

Mr. Bernard is the only son reared in a family 
of seven children, four of whom survived to ma- 
ture years and one of whom, beside himself, still 
lives, a resident of Fiance.* From six years old 
our subject was reared in France, where he received 
his education in the National School and during 
his vacations traveled through various parts of 
Europe. When he was seventeen he corresponded 
with houses in Manchester, England, and bet ore 
he crossed the ocean learned to speak the English 
language readily and with ease. It was during 
1866 that, having resolved to emigrate to America, 
he embarked on a steamer at Havre and after 
anchor was cast in the harbor of N< w York, pro 
ceeded Westward to Detroit, where he secured a 
position as clerk. 

After remaining one year in this country, Mr. 
Bernard returned to Switzerland and enjoyed a 
delightful visit with his relatives on the Conti- 

nent. Returning to the United States, he continued 
as clerk for A. R. Morgan, a prominent shoe-dealer 
of Detroit, until 1M72, when he came to Bay ( itv 
as clerk for Mr. Kittridge. lie remained with that 
gentleman for a time, then was with Mr. Sclieur- 
man live years, and latei in the dry-goods business 
as clerk for F. A. Bancroft & Co. Practical economy 
and the exercise of good judgment enabled him in 
1885 to establish himself in business, the store 
which he opened being located on the corner of 
Sixteenth and Bowery Streets. In the spring of 
1888 he brought his stock to West Bay City, where 
he continues his business on an enlarged scale, al- 
though he still owns a store in Bay City. Conve- 
niently located in the Mosher Block, on Midland 
Street, the establishment of which hi' is proprietor 
is conducted on strictly business principles and its 
extensive space, 22x711, two floors, is stocked with 
a full line of dry-goods. 

The marriage of Mr. Bernard to Mrs. Louise 
Crackel. was solemnized in Detroit in 1870. Mrs. 
Bernard, who is a native of Switzerland, was the 
mother, by a former marriage, of two children, 
viz.: Carrie, Mrs. William B. Thomson, of Battle 
(reek: and Ida, now the wife of II. La Fontaine, 
of Montreal. The union of Mr. and Mrs. Bernard 
has been blessed by the birth of four children, name- 
ly: Anna, the wife of F. C. Ross, of West Bay City: 
Rosa, Edward and Alexander, who are at home 
and receiving excellent advantages in the schools 
of Bay City. Both in Bay City and West Bay 
City Mr. Bernard has served as School Director, 
and is a Republican in his political views, lie be- 
longs to the Arbeiter Society, the Royal League, 
the Independent Order of odd Fellows, in which 
he is Past Grand, and the Ancient Order of Fnited 
Workmen, of which he is Treasurer. 

Mr. Bernard possesses an excellent tenor voice 
and was a charter member of the Arion Musical 
Society, of which he was Secretary when the ele- 
gant hall was built on Fourth and Grant Streets. 
and afterward served as President two terms. In 
athletic sports he has always maintained peculiar 
interest, and between the years 187.'? and 1878 was 
President and Instructor in the Bay City Gymna- 
sium, of which he was one of tin- organizers. In 
1878 he was compelled to give up his connection 



with the gymnasium on accounl <>f having broken 
his limli while atti nding to his duties there. His 
business engages hisclosesl attention at the present 
lime, and the practical way in which he conducts 
his affairs is conducive id success, while his reliable 
methods as a business man and his genial courtesy 
to all have brought him a great and ever-growing' 

yjfelLLIAM L. BENHAM. Our subject is 
assistant freight agent on the Michigan 
Central Railroad and is stationed at Bay 
City, having charge of the Third Division from 
Detroit to Mackinaw and from Jackson to Bay 
City. Mr. Benham was born in Ft. Atkinson, Jef- 
ferson County. Wis., and is a son of William H. 
and Lucy M. (Wright) Benham. His father was a 
native of Vermont where his grandfather. Silas. 
was a farmer and our subject's maternal grandsire 
built the first frame house in that part of Wiscon- 
sin where William 1.. was born. 

William II. Benham came West when twenty- 
one years old and engaged in farming and stock- 
raising until a few years ago when he removed to 
Cedar Rapids, Neb., where he is now a successful 
ranchman. Our subject's mother is a native of 
Massachusetts and her father. William Wright, was 
a pioneer at Ft. Atkinson, Wis., where he devoted 
himself to farming. He was a devoted churchman 
of the Baptist persuasion, and at the time of his 
decease in 1861. was greatly mourned by the best 
people of the community. 

Of a family of three children, our subject 
is the eldest. As his school days approached he 
was sent to the primary and grammar schools and 
finally finished at the Ft. Atkinson High School. 
He remained home until fourteen years of aa;e. 
when he began studying telegraphy at Oshkosh, 
and when fifteen years old was appointed operator 
at Fond du Lac in the Commercial office. Later he 
was with the Chicago .V Northwestern Railroad at 
Oshkosh,' spending one wintei there as clerk and 
operator, and was promoted to chief ticket agent. 
In 1875 he left the Northwestern Road and located 

at Detroit, being chief clerk in the Commercial 
agent's office of the Michigan Central, and shortly 
afterward was made freight agent of the Michigan 

In October. 1886, Mr. Benham came to Bay City 
a- assistant general freight agent of the division 
above mentioned, and he has now the charge and 
responsibility of the entire business as conducted 
from this point. lie has a pleasant residence, which 
is located at No. 1009 Ninth Street at the corner 
of Farragut. 

The domestic life of our subject is brightened by 
his wife, to whom he was married in Jackson. She 
was a Miss Mary I.. Root and was born in Jackson. 
She was the mother of two children, whose names 
are Robert R. and Winwright. The family have 
been reared in the beliet of the Presbyterian Church, 
of which they are consistent members. Politically 
Mr. Benham affiliates with the Republicans, believ- 
ing the tenets of that party to be such as conduce 
most to the good of the general government. He 
is a member of the Michigan Republican Club. 

A TRICK KAIN. In any city the Chief of 
| Police has an opportunity to make or mar 
the reputation of that community in mat- 
ters of health, order, crime, and indeed all 
matters of municipal repute, and the city 
which has at the head of its Police department, 
one who is imbued with conscientious principles 
and who loves and honors thecity he serves, is in- 
deed favored. Such an advantage has the city of 
Saginaw in Inning Mr. Kain as its Chief of Pol- 

Our subject was born in Bedolf, Canada, Novem- 
ber 15, 1851, and his parents, William and Hannah 
(Flannery) Kain both born in County Tipperary. 
Ireland, came to America in 1848. They died be- 
fore this sou was ten year-- old, and he was thus 
Lhrown upon the world, without the love or pro- 
tection o) a parent. He was one of a large family 
being next to the youngest in a household of nine 
and all but two of these are still living. His 



brother James is a blacksmith in the shops of the 
Flint & Pere Marquette Railroad and William is a 
traveling sale-man. while one sister, Bridget, is the 
wife of Michael Feeheley of Saginaw. 

Young Kain was reared upon a farm and at the 
age of thirteen came to Port Austin, Mich. The 
parents had a line property m Canada, but the ex- 
ecutors and attorneys absorbed the whole estate 
and by the time the boy was thirteen years old 
there was nothing for him to do but to make his 
own way in the world. Having served two years 
at Port Austin on a farm he came to Saginaw in 
1866 to an uncle, Michael Kain, who was living 
here. Work was obtained in the East Town salt 
works and later he entered the shops of the Flint 
A- Pere Marquette Railroad and there Learned the 
blacksmith's trade and worked at the forge for 
five years. 

In 1873 at the solicitation of Sanford Keeler the 
master mechanic of the road just mentioned and 
at the time Alderman for the first Ward, Mr. Kane 
accepted a position on the police force, and was 
placed on the Potter Street heat, which was then 
the worst in the city, and where his success was so 
great in keeping down the hoodlum element and 
making necessary arrests as to avert much disorder 
and disturbance. After ten years as Patrolman, 
most of which time he was on the same heat he 
was appointed Firsl Sergeant in L886, and he there 
maintained the same reputation in a broader field 
which he had obtained in his first connection with 
the police force. 

It was in January, 1890, that Patrick Kain was 
appointed Chief of the Police on probation, and 
the appointment was confirmed in the succeeding 
April and he then took the position which has been 
occupied by T. Daly Moore who Las been Chief from 
the time that Mr. Kain was firsl put upon the force. 
While First Sergeant he did much detail work and 
lias had many experiences of a most interesting 
nature, in which his keenest wits have been taxed. 
Our subject was a candidate for Sheriff in 1885, 
running against Mr. Mclntire upon the Republi- 
can ticket. 

The marriage of our subject May 21, 1874, 
brought to his home a helpmate in the person of 
Miss Anna, daughter of P. J. Driscoll, of Saginaw, 

and to their fireside have come nine children. 
Minnie died when four years old as did also Han- 
nah, whose life was ended through that malignant 
disease diphtheria, and the children who are still 
living are Katie, William, G-racie, Laura, Daniel 
Theresa and Planch and an infant son yet un- 
named. The home is situated at No. 809 North 
Seventh Street and the residence is attractive and 

Mr. Kain is a member of St. Joseph's Catholic 
Church, and is a companionable and popular man, 
being esteemed both on the force and among the 
citizens of the town. While he is a strict disciplina- 
rian and demands courteous conduct by his men 
on all occasions he has the warm regard of every 
man upon the force. The police of Saginaw form 
a fine body of intelligent men, and the citizens 
feel a just pride in this part of the city's service, 
and realize that the safety and well-being of Sagi- 
naw is in the right hands. No little of the effici- 
ency and popularity of the force is owing to Chief 
Kain, whose personal influence and directing hand 
are felt upon every street in the city. 



AMPS N. SWARTHOUT. It is not how a 
man dies that makes him worthy of the 
honor of a community and people, but the 
' wa3' in which he lives. We scatter immortelles 
over the last resting place of the man, who living- 
least for himself, has lived most for his fellow-men. 
One of these, now numbered with the endless cara- 
van, is he whose name is quoted above. He was during 
his lifetime a prominent man of Saginaw Township 
and one of its earliest residents, having come here 
in 1835, brought when but four years old by his 
parents from Washtenaw County where he was born 
March 6, 1831. For a fuller history of his parents' 
lives the reader is referred to the sketch of Lewis 
Swarlhout, his brother, in another portion of this 

He of whom we write was reared to manhood on 
a portion of the same farm where his last days were 
spent. He was educated in the primitive log 
schoolhouse that was the sole educational institu- 



tion of his boyhood. It- wide fireplace and un- 
comfortable slab benches were more conspicuous 
features than any brilliancy of scholarship, although 
some of the brightest men of the present genera- 
tion were educated in these same schools. His 
principal associates were the Indian children and 
with them and Ins father he was laigely engaged 
in hunting, and has a record of having killed dur- 
ing one fall seventy deer, besides bears and other 
name. His father was a notorious hunter and trap- 
per and James spent more I hue with him that witli 
his brothers. He also helped him clear the farm 
and lived at home until twenty-six years of age, 
when his father gave him thirty acres of land, on 
which was a fine sugar-bush. To this he added 
until he was the owner of eighty acre.-. 

Our subject carried on mixed farming, making a 
specialty of fruit-growing and market gardening. 

He brought to his I le, June 12. 1856, his bride, 

who was thereafter his able counselor and helper. 
Before her marriage she was Miss .lane 3VI. Hiesrodt, 
a native of Monroe County, N. Y.. and burn Jan- 
uary 31, 1840. She still lives on the homestead 
and successfully manages her farm. She is a daugh- 
ter of John M. and Elinor Hiesrodt, both natives 
of New York',- though of German descent. They 
reared six children: Peter S.. William; James N., 
who was killed at Pittsburg Landing during the 
Rebellion; Jane. Ellen M. and Mary E. The father 
wus a machinist by trade and a fanner by calling. 
He came to Saginaw County in 1854 and died De- 
cember 2t>, 1891, aged eighty-two years. 

Mrs. Swarthout has a family of four children, 
whose names are: "William J., who is a farmer of 
Gratiot County; Arthur II. is a lawyer and prac- 
ticing his profession in Saginaw; Cora E.,Mrs. Mc- 
Lelland, and Mary Romola. The last named is a 
graduate of Alma College, having previously been 
graduated from the High School of the city. She 
is now a teacher in the fifth-grade school of the city. 
The beautiful place which the family now occupy 
is the result of the efforts of our subject, who prior 
to his death had thoroughly impioved his farm 
and where he had erected a line frame house that 
is tastefully and comfortably furnished. The house 
stands in the midst of a spacious lawn which is 
beautiful with rare trees and shrubbery. His 

widow feels that no other place would be home to 
her as this is so closely associated with her hus- 
band's career. 

Mr. Swarthout was a man to whom home was 
paramount, and he was kind and affectionate to wife 
and family and helpful to all who needed word of 
sympathy or encouragement. In his church rela- 
tions he was a Methodist and had held the office of 
Steward for many years. His widow is also a mem- 
ber of that church. He was a Republican in pol- 
itics. For a year previous to his demise Mr. Swar- 
thout was unable to do active work and that was 
a record of such patience and suffering as only a 
noble and good man could endure. He died Jan- 
uary 15, 1890, and received the highest tributes 
from the press of the day. 


•:• •:• 

RED P. COLE is a member of the firm of the 
, Wist Bay City Manufacturing Company, 
which consists of S. ( ). Fisher, A. A. Crane 
and F. P. Cole, and which does a general lumber 
business in Wesl Baj City. This partnership was 
formed in 1883, and has proved to be a very suc- 
cessful one. doing a large business in making and 
shipping their lumber. 

The subject of this sketch is a native of Orleans 
County. X. Y.. where he was born August Hi, 1849, 
being a son of Isaac P. and Polly (Ferris) Cole. 
The father being a farmer, it is most natural that 
our subject should be taught the same pursuit* in 
his younger days, but not liking it for his life vo- 
cation, decided to choose something else. lie 
came with his parents to Hillsdale County, this 
State, where he obtained his education in the Hills- 
dale High Scl Land also the Hillsdale College, 

finishing in the ( ommercial College ,when he became 
foreman and book-keeper for the door, sash and 
blind factory of E.G. Campbell & Co., of Hills- 
dale, for thirteen years, and the following two 
years was engaged for himself in the postal service 
and one year in the furniture business. Selling 
this out he came to this city ill 1883, and formed 
the above named partnership, which is doing a 

^L^ <^Gt^cZ^ 

, — rr*.&klOiC* M-&>&n» 



profitable business in general lumbering. The 
shipping is done on the Michigan Central tracks 
and through that is connected with all other roads. 
This firm also does a very large retail business hav- 
ing in thi'ir employ about fifty men ami even more 
when very busy. The storage yard is located on 
the Michigan Central docks while the offices are to 
be found at No. 408 Linn Street. 

On the 30th of May, 1871, Mr. Cole was united 
in the holy bonds of wedlock with Miss Phoebe E. 
G-rcen, of Hillsdale, Mich., who presides over his 
household with much grace and dignity. She has 
become the mother of one child, whom they call 
Mabel E. Mr. Cole is a member of the We- 
111111.1 Lodge, F. & A. M.. of West Bay City, Chap- 
ter No. 18, of Hillsdale, and also of the Eureka 
Commandery No. •'>. of Hillsdale. He is one of 
the leading members of the Board of the Water 
Works of West Bay City, and is highly esteemed 
by all for his pluck, push and perseverance. 


5"^ •:-.••-.-*- 

♦•5"S"5* l §i£iss?'"S*"5 , 4"!"F 

y oils M. PELLETIER, M. I).. ('. M. This 
I (J) prominent and highly-esteemed medical 

J \ practitioner of Wot Bay City, was born in 

Quebec, January 26, 1863. His father, .lean I'.art- 
helemey Pelletier, is also a native of Quebec, and 
the son of French parents, who came from their 
native home and located in Quebec, where the 
father carried on the profession of a Civil Engin- 
eer. The father of our subject has always followed 
the calling of an agriculturist and at one time 
managed four farms near Quebec. A prominent, 
influential and wealthy man. he is liberal in his 
views and life. The mother of our subject, .Marie 
Anna, was horn in Quebec and is a daughter of 
Charles Silvestre Lesther Pelletier, a native of 
Canada and the wealthiest farmer in his vicinty. 
His parents belonged lo the royal blood of France 
and came from < Means. 

Their were twelve children in the family of 
which our subject was a member, and one brother 
has become prominent as a priesl in the Roman 
Catholic Church. Louis was educated in the com- 
mon-schools and at the age Of twelve took a coin- 

mercial course in the College of C'Islet, and then 

a classical course in the College of St. Anne, from 
which he graduated at the age of nineteen with 
the degrees of Bachelor of Sciences and Bachelor 
of Arts. 

From early boyhood the desire of our subject 
was t<i study medicine. In pursuance of that 
earnest wish he entered the University of Mon- 
treal in 1884, and after studying medicine for one 
3'ear, in May, 1885, he passed his examination to 
enter the medical department of the same institu- 
tion. After a four years' course he graduated in 
1889 with the degree of Doctor of Medicine and 
Master of Surgery, lie had been an exceptional 
student, having pursued his studies with great 
avidity and possessing the most remarkable mem- 
ory of any member of the class, lie received the 
well-deserved encomiums and secured the esteem 
of his professors, besides carrying off the class 

The young practitioner established himself for 
six months at St. Paschal, but as his health gave 
way he took a vacation for some four months and 
then decided to come to the States. He located 
first in AuSable, Mich., where he built up the best 
practice of any physician, but on account of finan- 
cial failures and tires the town retrograded and lie 
determined to come to West Bay City, being influ- 
enced thereto by Father Sampson. Since he came 
here in October, 1891, he has established a good 
practice at his office at No. 209 Linn Street and is 
growing in popularity. He is a devout member 
of the St. Mary's Church, in the work of which he 
takes an active part. 

A lithographic portrait of Dr. Pelletier accom- 
panies this personal sketch. 

VlitiX G-. CORYELL is the sole proprietor 
of the Chesaning Bank. He was born in 
Steuben County. \. Y.. May 12. 1K.">4, and 
is the son of Richard C. aid Hannah G-. 
(Goodsell) Coryell both natives of New York, and 
both still living at Lansing, this State. The father. 



who is a farmer, came to Lansing when our subject 
was about ten years old. He purchased land and 
lived upon his farm until 1873, when he removed 
to the city of Lansing. He of whom we writeand 
who is the youngest of three children born of his 
parents' family, was reared on the farm until about 
sixteen years old. 

Until the age above mentioned, our subject had 
attended the country schools at such tunes as he 
could be spared from the farm work-, lie then at- 
tended the graded school at Lansing, and lacked 
but one year of graduating from the High School, 
when lie entered Hart let t's Commercial College, 
from which lie was graduated in 1874. After that 
he was employed as a book-keeper for Robson 
Bros., wholesale grocers for sis months; he then 
became Collection Clerk' of the Second National 
Bank at Lansing, passing through the line of pro- 
motion until he was book-keeper and then teller. 
His connection with the bank continued for eight 

Our subject was married while in Lansing, Jan- 
uary 22, 1878, to Minnie Lemley. By this union 
there is one son. Fred G.. who lives in Detroit. In 
September, 1881, Mr. Coryell came to Chesaning 
and has since built up a good banking business. 
Beginning in a small wooden building, he did a 
very moderate amount of business at first and did 
his own printing on a hand press; he also carried 
a line of insurance companies, and slowh worked 
up a business which now amounts to the handling 
of $1,000,000 yearly. The Lank of Saginaw and 
Hanover National Lank in New York have been 
his correspondents from the first, besides which 
there are over a hundred hanks in Europe, on any 
of which drafts can be issued payable in the money 
Of the country on which it is drawn. 

Mr. Frank T. Sheldon has been associated with 
Mr. Coryell since January 1. 1888, as Cashier, and 
has done much to make the hank popular and suc- 
cessful. In 1881 a handsome brick bank building 
was erected, having large French-plate ii'lass front, 
while the interior wood work is natural pine and 
oak trimmed with black walnut, the counter hav- 
ing panels of curly yellow pine, shipped by express 
direct from Texas for use in this building. Mr. Cory- 
ell was again married October 5, 1886, to Miss Emma 

A. Niver. of this city, his present wife, a daughter 
of W. II. and Myra ( Parshall) Niver. She was here 
bom July .".o. L861. 

Our subject is a Republican in politics, having 
inherited the principles from his father, lie has 
served as member of the Board of Trustees of Ches- 
aning Village. He has no taste for political work, 
but is ever willing and ready to help a friend. In 
his church relations he is an attendant and worship- 
per with the First Congregational Church. 





(HIS P. RACINE. We here present a sketch 
of the Postmaster of Birch Run, who is a lead- 
ing citizen and an ex-Supervisor of Birch 
Run Township. Saginaw County. When he was 
nine years old he emigrated with his parents from 
France, where he was liorn in li">:i!t. and made his 
home in America. They settled in Jefferson County. 
X. Y.. and there young Louis grew to the years of 
mat mil \ . receiving a fair common -school education 
and spending his youth upon a farm. After leav- 
ing school he began teaching,and for several terms 
was engaged in thai vocation. 

At the age of twenty-one the young man began 
business for himself and for a number of years fol- 
lowed the lakes as a sailor. In 1863 he was in the 
State of Kentucky, and assisted in getting out tim- 
ber for fortifications for the Government, and four 
years later he came to Saginaw Countv, and for a 
short time engaged in farming in Taymouth Town- 
ship, where he also served as Township Clerk for 
a year. 

Our subject came to Birch Run in 1869, and 
here established a mercantile business which he car- 
ried on. being for a number of years a partner of 
M. J. Colon, under the firm name of Colon A' Ra- 
cine, and since the dissolution of that linn he has 
been in business for himself. He was married in 
1866, to Mariette Colon, who became the mother 
of two children, one of whom is living, a son 
George, and the other child and the mother have 
both passed to the better world. 

Mr. Racim was married in 1879, to Mrs. Sarah 
Fangboner, who presides with hospitality and a 



gracious dignity over his pleasant home, lie lias 
for two years served as Supervisor of Birch Hun 
Township, also served as Justice of the Peace four 
years, and was .appointed Postmaster in 1889, and 
in both these offices he has shown himself efficient, 
obliging and judicious. His political convictions 
brine; him into active alliance with the Republican 
party, and he is solicitous for its success. For a 
number of years he has served as Notary Public, 
and in both public and private business be has been 
eminently successful. The Masonic order to which 
he belongs counts him as one of its influential 
members, and in all social circles he and his good 
wife ami his son are looked upon as of value to 
tin' community. 



L .w 

jffift HARLKS I!. TEFFT. Our subject was horn 
fl in Smyrna. Chenango County, N. Y.. De- 

^^^ cember 11. 1839. lie is a son of Rowland 
and Lucy Bee Tefft. Rowland Tefft was a son of 
Ezekiel Tefft, who was born near Providence, R. I. 
Ilis parents emigrated from Glasgow, Scotland, 
where they were engaged in a cotton manufactory 
and made settlement in tin 1 United States. Kze- 
kiel married Anna Wilcox, who bore him a family 
of live sons and two daughters, whose names arc 
as follows: Stephen, Nathan, Susan, Huldah, Kze- 
kiel. Samuel and Rowland. Our subject's grand- 
parents died m New York. They were sturdy 
Scotch people, with the best Of principles and were 

of the stock that the States delight in welcoming 
to the best that they possess. They were members 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Their advent 
into New York was made in 1H22. 

Rowland Tefft was born in the town of Rich- 
mond, Washington County, R. I., May 25, lso7. 

When only Fifteen years of age he left home, land- 
ing in New York in January, 1822. He followed 
the Lumber business for about forty years and in 
1*71 came in Michigan ami located where our sub- 
ject now resides, pre-empting eighty acre- of land 
on section 20. Swan Creek. This he entered in 
L853, and about the same time entered nearly three 
thousand four hundred acre- m Saginaw, Tuscola, 

and in sections 17 and is north; also in other parts 
of Michigan. The! le which our subject now occu- 
pies was the home of his father until April Hi, 
1891, at which time his decease occurred. He 
Served as Deputy Internal Revenue Assessor dur- 
ing the war and for a short time after, and also 
served as Supervisor while in New York State. In 
early days a Whig, he later became a Republican. 
He reared six children, whose names are Arethusa, 
Charles B., Rowland D., Henry C, and Emily ( >., 
who are twins, and John G. 

Our subject's mother was a daughter of Isaac 
and Lucy (Dicks) Hill, natives of Massachusetts 
and Bennington. Yt.. respectively. They were of 
English ancestry though originally descended 
from the French. The father was born in 1776. 
He removed to New York in 1800 and there died 
at the age of eighty-eight years. Our subject's 
early training was received in the district school; 
he later attended the commercial school at Albany, 
and early learned the work incident to the sawmill 

August 13, 1862, Mr. Tefft enlisted in Company 
F, One Hundred and Fourteenth New York In- 
fantry. He participated in the following engage- 
ments: Biesland's Plantation, La., Port Hudson, 
where he was wounded, June 1 1. 1863, in the left 
shoulder, head and right hand, lie was placed in 
the hospital and was confined at Baton Rouge un- 
til September. From that point he was sent to 
New Orleans and was there detailed to duty in the 
Commissary Department. July. 1864, he came 
North and rejoined his regiment at Washington in 
August. He took part in the engagements atOpe- 
quaw Creek, Fisher's Hill, Cedar Creek, where he 
was wounded in the right leg and left lung and 
left elbow. He was sent to the hospital at Phila- 
delphia, from which he was discharged by general 
order. June 10, 1865. 

Our subject returned to his home October 17, 
1866, going to St. Charles, Saginaw County. A 
year later he came to where he now resides and 
for fifteen years was engaged in a sawmill, since 
then he has devoted himself to farming. The 
homestead which he owns and another tract of one 
hundred and sixty acre- makes two hundred and 

forty acres which i- the tolal of what he possesses. 



This he has greatly improved and has found it to 
be very productive. His attention has been cen- 
tered chiefly upon his stuck which is very fine. lie 
has served as Supervisor of the township and also 
as Township Clerk for thirteen years. He favors 
the Republican party in politics. 

Mr. TeflEt was married Augusl 15, 1862, to Imo- 
gene M., a daughter of Stephen X. and Esther 
(Felt;) Holley. Mrs. Tefft is a native of the same 
place as is her husband. They have had five chil- 
dren, of whom four are living at the present time. 
They are: Jenny II.. wife of Mr. S. W. Stout; Bur- 
ton S., Susan E. and Nellie M. Our subjeel is a 
member of Post No. 169 G. A. R., of St. Charles, 
and belongs to ( amp No. 1294, M. W. of A. 


*?=5gEORGE A. WAI.I.VCE. Our subject was 
II <^i~ '"'i*" in the town of Lennox, Madison 
%2|' Counts. N. Y., duly 29, 1828. He is the 
son of George and Abigail (Branch) Wallace, who 
were horn in Townsend. Mass., and Benson. Yl., 
respectively. Our subject's grandfather on the 
paternal side was George F. Wallace, of Massachu- 
setts, lie was of Scotch Origin and proud of the 
name which has attained such fame in history. He 
was an hotel man and quite successful in his line. 
His wife was prior to her marriage Miss Lydia 
Farran. an Irish lady; she was the mother of five 
sons and three daughti rs. < »n her decease he mar- 
ried again, bul the second union was childless. 
Our subject's grandfather came to M ichigan aboul 
1850 and settled with his second wife in Stock- 
bridge, Ingham County. There .Mrs. Wallace (lied 
and soon after he went to Shiawassee County, 
where he also died. In early days he was a Whig 
but later an adherent of the Democratic party. 

Our subject's father was reared in an hotel; lie 
early learned the cooper's trade and in 18:?7 came 
to Michigan, locating in Linden. Washtenaw 
County. He there purchased one hundred and 
sixty acresof wild land, which he improved and 
lived upon until 1856 when he removed to New 
Haven, Shiawassee County. There he purchased 
one hundred and sixty acres of land and there 

died September 24, 1878. He followed the example 
of his father in politics, but changed his Whig 
notions to suit Republican principles. He and his 
wife are members of the Free Will Baptist Church. 
The latter died in Shiawassee County. They were 
the parents of six sons and five daughters, whose 
names are as follows: George A., Samuel 15., Daniel 
S., Alonzo and Lorenzo who are twins, and John 
M. The daughters are, Mary, Frances F.. Abigail 
and Lydia. Another daughter, Sarah A., died at 
the age of thirteen years. 

George A. Wallace was drilled in the rules of 
the three R's in the district school in the vicinity 
of his home. His slender advantages in this di- 
rection were supplemented by individual effort at 
home. He came to Michigan with 'his father and 
at the age of twenty began the coopering business, 
working at that for two years, when he began 
farming in Waterloo, Jackson County, where he 
purchased eighty acres of land. He lived there 
for four years and then moved to Stockbridge, 
Ingham County, where he worked at blacksmith- 
ing. Aboul 1856 Mr. Wallace removed to Shia- 
wassee County and in the fall of 1858, located in 
Chesaning, Saginaw County, where he continued 
his business in blacksmithing until 1864 when he 
moved to a farm comprising one hundred acres on 
section 30, St. Charles Township. This he im- 
proved and lived upon until 18(17 when he came 
to the village of st. Charles, and has since then 
been engaged in blacksmithing, merchandising and 
in the hotel business, lie now owns one hundred 
and eighty acre- of land in three farms which he 
has cleared almost entirely. For the past eight 
years he ha- resumed his occupation of farming 
and manages his village property. 

Our subject has slaved as Deputy Sheriff in 
Ingham County and was Justice of the Peace for 
twelve years. He also served as Supervisor for 
seven years. He favors the policy as advanced by 
the Democratic party. Mr. Wallace was married to 
Nancy Rose, daughter of Jesse and Sarah (Taylor) 
Rose, who came here from Xew York at an early 
day. Mis. Wallace was the mother of live children. 
They are. Nancy J., who is Mrs. G. Booth; Marion 
R.. Mi's. Raymond; Cora A., wife of W. Earl; Eva 
M.. wife of George Howe, and Samuel B. of Cali- 




forma. Mrs. Wallace who is a devoted member of 
the Baptist Church died May 26, 1875. October 
:>. ls7."> our subject was again married to Mrs. 
Cynthia G. Dorman, widow of Aaron Dorman,and 
daughter of Bradley Adams. Mr. Wallace i- one 
of thai army of vigorous and self-assertive men 

who lias conquered the c Htions of poverty and 

a comparatively humble sphere of life, and has 
risen to a successful and assured position. 


-<TEh.r ••• ^hi 

f^Z ••• C-^l*- 



' < MIX W. CITPIT. This prominent real-estate 
man of Hay City has been a residenl here 
since 1877, and has his oilier in an elegant 
suite of rooms in the Phoenix Block. He 
was born .Tune 24. 1850, in Nottinghamshire, En- 
gland, and is a son of Thomas and Ann (llopkin- 
son) Cupit. He received bis education in the Na- 
tional Schools, and after completing a course in 
the grammar schools, engaged in the railway busi- 
ness until the lime of his coming to the United 
States in 1X71. He located in Detroit. and became 
Cashier in the Great Western Railway of Canada, 
continuing in that capacity for nearly four years. 
Afterward he became a pnrsei on a steamboat of 
the Saginaw & Cleveland line, remaining thus em- 
ployed until the fall of 1877, when he located in 
Bay City. 

I pon first coming to this city, Mr. ( upil entered 
the employ of J. R. Hail, remaining with him un- 
til the summer of 1890, and during the latter part 
of that time had partial management of hi- busi- 
ness. At the expiration of that business engage- 
ment, Mr. Cupit and his family visited Europe, 
spending five months in traveling through En- 
land and the Continent, and returning in the fall 

of I SIM I. 

Out subject then established his present business 
Consisting Of real estate and loans. lie i- also 
agent for a number of the principal trans-Atlantic 
steamship lines. In real estate he handles prop- 
erty for others, and also represents capital with 
which he effects Loans on both city and county 
property. He is likewise Vice-Presidenl of the 
Savings, Building and Loan Association of Bay 

County, which is the oldest company of its kind in 
the county. It was organized October 1. I887,and 
has now a membership of nearly seven thousand 
shares. He was one of it- organizers and since 
that time has been it- Vice-President. 

For several years Mr. Cupit was a Director of 
the Bay City Club and now holds the same posi- 
tion in the Bay City Knsine^s .Men's Association. 
He is connected with the older of Masoniy, hav- 
ing gained the thirty-second degree, and has held 
prominent offices in Masonic bodies. He had charge 
of the commandry on it- pilgrimage to Washing- 
ton in October. 1889, at a time of the Triennial 
Conclave. He has taken an active part a- a citi- 
zen in Republican politics, but is not an officc- 
seeker. lie is a member of the [Tniversalist Church 
Society, and holds the offices of Treasurer and 
Trustee therein. 

The marriage of our subject with Miss Alice 
L., a daughter of . I. 1«\ Hall, of this city, was sol- 
emnized December 21, 1«77. and to them have 
been granted two sons, Edwin Roberts and Harry 
Hall. Mr. Cupit was formerly a member of the 
Board of Education, but his term expired while he 
was absent in Europe, and he ha- not since sought 
re-election. The leader'.- attention i.- invited to a 
lithographic portrait of Mr. Cupit. which is shown 
in connection with this sketch. 

WILLIAM II. II. (HARM AN is a repre- 
sentative of one of the oldest and most 
highly respected families of Chesaning. 
He is a son of George W. Chapman and was born 
m Berkshire County, Mass., November 9, 1841. It 
was soon after his birth that the family came to 
Michigan. The father was a railroad contractor, 
and thus the family at different times resided in 
New Hampshire, Vermont, New Jersey, Pennsyl- 
vania, andin 1859 returned to Michigan and loca- 
ted at ( ihesaning. 

Our subject attended school in t he \ a lion- Sta te- 
in which the family resided and received a first- 
class education. When he attained hi- majority 
he engaged in railroad work in Pennsylvania, 



Ohio and Indiana, which he followed for three 
years. He then took charge of a sawmill in Albee 
Township, Saginaw County, which he ran for three 
years. At the expiiation of that time he associated j 
with his brother, George I... under the arm styh 
of Chapman Bros., carrying on a thriving mercan- 
tile businessat Chesaning. lie disposed of his in- 
terest in the store and next entered into partner- 
ship with his brother Oliver D., runnings gristmill 
at Chesaning, which they changed from the old 
stone mill to the improved roller process, and 
operated the same eight years. (Mir subject then 
sold his interest in the linn to his brother, and in 
March, 1890, purchased the old homestead, which 
is a highly improved farm of one hundred and 
fifteen acres, lying' just outside the corporate limits 
of the village of Chesaning. 

Mr. Chapman was married April 11. 1871, to 
Miss Alice E. Bentley, who was a native of .Michi- 
gan, having been horn in Oakland County, 
August 19, 1851. Mrs. Chapman is the daugh- 
ter of Henry .1. and Jane Bentley. natives of 
New York. She died September 2. 1874, after 
having become the mother of two children — 
George II. and Estella M. December 23, 1875, our 
subject was a second time married, his bride on this 
occasion being Miss Helen A. Judd, who was born 
in September, 1850, in Bloomfield,Oakland County, 
this State. She is the daughter of Harvey ('.and 
Abigail Judd, resident-- of Oakland County. Mr. 
and .Mrs. Chapman have become the parents of 
two children, both daughters — Alice A. and Mabel 

The subject of this sketch has always been an 
active worker in all political movements, but nevei 
an office-seeker. He allies himself with the Repub- 
lican party, believing that party to lie in the right. 
Socially he is a member of Lodge No. 194, A. I'. 
& A. M.; Chapter, No. 67, R. A. M., being High 
Priest in the Chapter, and a member of Corunna 
Commandery No. 21, K. T. 

George W. Chapman, the father of our subject, 
was without doubt descended from Ralph Chap- 
man, born in England, in 1615, and whoemigrated 
to America, Christmas, 1635. Ralph had a daugh- 
ter, Mary, who married, in 1666 William Throop. 
Throop Chapman had a number of children and 

a ng them William, who in turn had among 

others Daniel, the father of George W., and who 
was born December 28, 1782. George W., was 
born at Belchertown, Hampshire County, Mass., 
November 15, 1S12. He married, November 3, 
1836, Miss Abigail J. Whipple, who was born in 
I'elh.-ini. Mass., January 2(1. 1815. She was the 
daughter of Joseph Whipple, a relative of Commo- 
dore Abraham Whipple, of Revolutionary fame. 
Mr. Chapman came to Chesaning Township in 
1842; he died suddenly on the morning of Febru- 
ary 17. 1881, in the sixty-ninth year of his age. 


wr=x>RANK MORRISON, the popular Super- 
T^iS) visor of Maple Grove Township. Saginaw 
County, i- :it present residing on the beau- 
tiful farm located on section '.), and which he has 
brought to an excellent state of cultivation. Mr. 
Morrison is a native of Ireland, having been born 
in County Antrim. June II. 1845. lie is the son 
of Robert and Catherine (Wallace) Morrison. His 
parents passed their declining years in their native 
hind. They reared four children, namely: Mathew, 
Mary Jane. Ellen and he of whom we write. 

Frank Morrison was the youngest of his parents' 
family and was the only one who came to the 
United State-.. He was reared on the home farm 
and at tended the early schools of his district, re- 
maining under the parental roof until 1865, when 
he embarked on a steam vessel for America, and 
after a voyage of fourteen days landed in Quebec, 
and came thence to the Stales. He was first em- 
ployed as a farm hand near Troy. N. Y., remaining 

there, however, only one n th when he went to 

Erie County, that State, at which place he had an 
uncle — John Morrison. He there resumed his 
former occupation as a laborer on a farm, working 
summers and attending school in the winter. 

In 1872 our subjeel came to the Wolverine State, 
and, associated with Edward Long, purchased the 
southeast quarter of section 9, in Maple Grove 
Township, but the partnership lasted only a short 
time, when they divided the hind, each taking 



eigliM acres. Ai the time of locating on histracl 
it was covered with heavy timber, bul bj hi- char- 
acteristic energy and perseverance he has broughl 
it under an excellent stateof cultivation and it is 
now numbered among the most productive in 
Maple I 'i"\ c Township. 

Mr. Morrison was married September 8, 1876, to 
Mi" Emma Flint. She was born March 17. 1851, 
and is the daughter of William ami Catherine 
Flint. Our subject and his wifehavebeen granted 
four children, who bear the respective names of 
Walter^ Catherine, Edith and Elmar. In politics 
hr uf whom we write is a Democrat. He has al- 
ways been interested in educational matters and 
has served on tin' School Board for many years. 
Hi- ha- also been honored with the officesof Town- 
ship Treasurer and Assessor and is now serving his 
seventh term as Supervisor. Socially he is a Mason 
also a member of the Knight of the Maccabees, and 
Patrons uf Industry. He is highly esteemed byhis 
neighbors as an able and upright man and an hon- 
orable citizen. 



j.OBERT W. BALLARD. Many of our best cit. 

ff izens have emigrated from England, seeking 


i V homes in the New World and locating 

throughout the various State- as inclination 
or opportunity directed. Englishmen are to-daj oc- 
cupying prominent positions inevery department 
uf labor, as farmers, tradesmen, mechanics, and pro- 
fessional men, and tn whate ver business thej devote 
their energies, their enterprise and industry win 
recognition and success. Mr. Ballard, whose native 
home isin England, is conducting a large business 
asa veterinary surgeon, and is Located in Saginaw 
( ity, where he is managing his extensive interests 
with marked success. 

The father of our subject was Dr. William Bal- 
lard, also a veterinary surgeon, who followed his 
chosen profession during the entire period of his 
active life. In 1853 he emigrated to America with 
his family, locating in Poughkeepsie, X. Y"., and en- 
gaging in the duties of his profession. In I860 be 
removed to Michigan, settling in Kalamazoo and 

makingthat his home until 1882, the date of his 

"\ al to Flint. Hi- death in the lasl named . ■ i t \ 

in 1884 removed from the scene of life's activities 
one who had taken a great interest in tin- growth 
of Michigan and had contributed his quota to its 
development. Although mil one of the earliest 
settlers of this Mate, he witnessed much of ii- 
growth from a dense wilderness to an abode of 

Two years before the death of Dr. Ballard, his 
wife, whose maiden name was Alice Rodgers, de- 
parted this life, she was horn in Englandand was 
the daughter of Robert Rodgers. of the four 
children to whom she was a wise and devoted 

mother. Robert W. of i hi- sketch, wast] ily -on. 

He was born August 28, 1847, and when only six 
years old accompanied his parents in their voyage 
across the broad Atlantic. His primary education 
was received in theschoolsof Poughkeepsie, and he 
later followed a course of reading which developed 
his mental faculties and enlarged his field of know- 
ledge. Until he was twenty-one year- old he as- 
sisted his father in hi- work, hut at that age again 
crossed the ocean; and duringa sojourn in London 
of nine years studied medicine with different par- 

Upon his return to the United States, thoroughly 
equipped with a broad knowledge of hi- profes- 
sion, he located in Saginaw city and -non had a 
thriving business as a veterinary surgeon. His 
entire time i- devoted to his profession and he 
possesses a deep and practical knowledge of horses, 
cattle, hogs and sheep, thoroughly understanding 
their anatomy and possessing the -kill and judg- 
ment which applies the ln-t remedies I'm each par- 
ticular case. His practice is by no mean- confined 
to the city but extend- throughout the Saginaw 
Valley and embraces a circuit of thirty to forty 
miles, while he is occasional!) called for consulta- 
tion to distant portion- of the State.-. Hi- stables 
are located on the corner of Harrison and Cleve- 
land Streets. 

Dr. Ballard was married in England to Miss 
Louisa, daughter of John Sourbry, and at her 
death she left one child,Robert, who is now deceased. 
Afterward the Doctor was married to Mrs. Char- 
lotte Braley, of Saginaw city who was the widow 

8-1 ,s 


of N. Braley, formerly of this city. Our sub- 
ject and wife have established a pleasant home in 
Saginaw city, and its quiet elegance proves the 
cultured tastes of the inmates. In his political 
affiliations he is a member of the Democratic party, 
and socially with his estimable wife occupies a 
high position in the best circles of the city. Mrs. 
Ballard is the daughter of Ransom and Almira 
Rood, natives of New York where they both died. 
Mrs. Ballard is a native of New York, she has uni- 
son by her first marriage, Frank, who is married and 
resides in Pennsylvania. 

EWIS SWARTHOUT. The owner of the 
fine farm located on section L 6, Saginaw 
^ Township, and one-half mile from the cor- 
porate limits of the city, is numbered among the 
oldest pioneers of this locality, his father having 
come here at an early date. .Mr. Swarthout was 
born in Ypsilanti, Washtenaw County. November 
29, 1828. lie is a son of Anthony R. and Hannah 
(Rose) Swarthout, both natives of New York. Our 
subject's father was born near Seneca Lake in 1796. 
The Swarthout family are of Holland-Dutch an- 
cestry and their advent into America was made in 
Colonial da\ s. 

Anthony Swarthout settled in Washtenaw Coun- 
ty, this State, earl}- in the '20s. He moved his 
family to Saginaw Township in 1835, making the 
way hither by wagon, cutting out the load as best 
he could. They crossed the Saginaw River, where 
East Saginaw now stands, in Indian canoes, care- 
fully transporting the wagon in sections in the 
same way. Capt. Swarthout, as he was called in 
honor of his official position in the Black Hawk 
War. took up a tract of Government land, which 
was wild indeed, and supplemented his efforts in 
agriculture by the victims of his traps and guns. 
for furs then brought a good price, and he was a 
valiant hunter. On one occasion he discovered in 
his morning rounds a wild-cat. which had been 
caught in a trap and which he supposed killed. He 
carried the animal on his back, holding its front 
feet over his shoulders. Just as he arrived at 
home the wild-cat. which was still alive, took a linn 

hold upon his coat collar, and his family freed him 
only by giving it a vigorous drubbing over the 
head, which he shared almost equally with the 
cat. Suffice it- to say that the animal was soon 

Their home was a log cabin and poverty often 
Stared them in the lace. Our subject's father used 
to go to mill to Flint in a canoe, the trip occupy- 
ing a week. He killed many deer and bears and 
found many a bee-tree to supply the family larder 
and more than once has he laboriously ground 
corn and wheat in the coffee-mill in order to make 
bread. His unceasing efforts were prospered, how- 
ever, and he accumulated quite a comfortable prop- 
erty, lie was a Democrat in politics and the es- 
teem in which he was held in the township was 
evidenced by the local offices to which he was 
elected. He was Township Clerk for about twenty 
years. Al the tune of his death, which occurred 
in 1881, he was eighty-four years of age. 

Our subject's mother, who was born in L798, 
presented her husband with thirteen children, ten 
of whom lived to In- grown. She was an ideal 
pioneer matron, stout of heart, generous, open- 
hearted and tender, ever ready to be called upon 
in sickness or trouble and a devoted adherent of 
the Methodist being her delight to cater 
to the comfort of the itinerant preachers. She 
died at the age of seventy-nine years, and with 
her husband was interred in Pine Hill Cemetery, 
a poition of their original farm. 

Our subjectwas in his seventh year when broughl 
here by his parents. His recollections are for the 
most, those of the stirring adventures of pioneer 
days. Indians were many and the papooses, with 
the exception of the Davenport hoys, another 
family of early settlers, were his sole play-fellows, 
and he used to speak their language fluently. He 
was sent to the district school, which had a stick 
chimney and a great, open Dutch fireplace. As 
soon as old enough, with his father and brothers, 
he hunted and farmed in order to add to the fam- 
ily support. It was to the family advantage that 
they remained on amiable terms with the Indians, 
although sometimes they stood in fear of their 
treachery. Many are the deer and bears he has 




tz^-v-^ // ^-t ^<^ ^ t 2) 



At the age of twenty-two Lewis Swarthoul 
bought hi- present farm which was originally a 
portion of the school land, lie cleared off a spol 
and built a log bouse. His nearest neighbor lived 
at a distance of one mile. Soon after becoming a 
resident of his new borne our subject was appointed 

District Scl 1 Treasurer and as a new school was 

to be erected near by, something over 1500 was 
tinned over to him to be spent on the schoolhouse. 
lie put the money in a bureau drawer and that 
same night two men tried to effect an entrance, 
doubtless to steal the money. He was on guard. 
however, and succeeded in keeping them at hay 
with an ax until morning, when, as the lighl grew 
stronger they skulked awaj . 

Our subject's log house was burned and a frame 
house was erected in its plan-. This was later re- 
placed by a good frame house, in which he lives at 
present. lie cleared eighty acres of land, but sold 
a small amount, so that he now owns sixty-seven 
.ere., all improved. He devotes himself to mixed 

The original of our sketch was married Novem- 
ber 29, 1850, to Mariet Jinks, a native of New- 
York. They have been the parents of nine chil- 
dren, seven of whom are living. They are: Daniel, 
Fanny, Anthony. Ida. Burt and George. Our sub- 
ject is an adherent of the Republican party and a 
loyal and honest citizen, but one who has never 
been a seeker for party favor; he bas, however, 
been Constable of the township. 



T.OKA II. RUCH, M. D. Among the best- 

, known and most hiiihlv esteemed physicians 
1 of Saginaw is the ladj whose name intro- 

duces this sketch, and whose portrait appears on 
the opposite page. Her successful career goes far 
to prove that a woman may successfully compete 
with men in many of the professions formerly 
monopolized by the sterner sex. 

A native of Steuben County, N. Y., born Febru- 
ary 2. 1851, Mrs. Ruch comes of a good family. 
Her mother, Mrs. Sarah (Parsons) Hubbard, was 
the cousin of N. P. Willis, the author, whose beau- 

tiful home at Idlewild, was the resort during his 
lifetime of literary people from every portion of 
the Union. Orlando Parsons, grandfather of our 
subject, was one of the very early settlers of New 
York State, and purchased large tracts of land at 
eight cents an acre, a great proportion of which 
land is now the site of large cities and flourishing 

Daniel Hubbard, who is the Doctor's paternal 
grandfather, was also a pioneer of New York 
where be became very prominent as a large land 
owner and enterprising citizen. He was one of the 
surveyors of the turnpike from Albany to Buffalo. 
'/.. 1.. Hubbard, the father of Dr. Ruch, is now a 
resident of Florida, where he owns a large body of 
land comprising sonic five thousand acres. His 
wife died during their residence in Williamsport, 

Dr. Flora Ruch was educated at Dickenson 
Seminary. Williamsport. Pa., and at the age of 
eighteen began teaching school; soon afterward 
she was married to Charles L. Ruch and began 
housekeeping at Williamsport. In 1878 she com- 
menced the study of medicine, reading under Dr. 
Jean Savior Brown, a noted and learned physician 
of that place, who commanded a large practice. 
she entered the medical department of the Uni- 
versity of Michigan ill 1879, and was graduated 
therefrom in 1882. During the senior year she 
assisted Dr. McLean, who was Professor of Surgery, 
also had charge of the clinical department and as- 
sisted Dr. Edward Dunster, Prof essor of obstetrics. 
In that way she gained much valuable experience 
in bo'spital practice. After her graduation she 
located at Adrian, this State, where she remained 
for two years, going from there to Ypsilanti to 
lake charge of the practice of an acquaintance, 
and residing there for four years. 

In the fall of 1888, Dr. Ruch came to Saginaw 
and was connected for one year with the Saginaw 
Hospital, also carrying on general practice. She is 
now a member of the staff of the Woman's Hospital 
in this city. She i- identified with the State .Med- 
ical Association, the Saginaw Valley .Medical 
Society, and while a resident of Adrian was a mem- 
ber of the Southern Michigan State Association. 
She commands a g 1 practice and is highly es- 



teemed as an active and Influential member of the 
fraternity, as well a- a good wife and mother. 

Charles L. Ruch, the husband of our subject, is 
a native of Pennsylvania, and was born in Colum- 
bia County in 1846. He removed to Michigan in 
1880 and has since carried on his business as a car- 
riage Bnisher and painter in which lie is an expert 
workman. Two children complete tin' family of 
Mr. and Mrs. Ruch, Fred C. and Can-it' M., aged 
nineteen and sixteen respectively. 





1 — ! RAST1 s CONFER. The simple record of 
I |—i an honesl lifeis the best monument that can 

J • be reared to any citizen, and we therefore 

shall not attempt to enlarge upon the history of 
the gentleman above named, who is one of the 

st reputable citizens in Maple Grove Township, 

Saginaw County. At this writing he i- residing 
on section 35, and is surrounded by all the com- 
forts of life. 

Mr. Confer was born in Erie County. X. Y., 
September 3, 1848, and came with his parents to 
Michigan in 1855, they locating in Genesee! lounty, 
where they remained until 1861, at which date 
they came to Saginaw County, lie was reared on 
his father's farm and attended school in the primi- 
tive log cabin of the tunes and was there taught 
reading, writing and spelling, with the fundamen- 
tal rulesof arithmetic. Those were the days when 
the teacher "boarded round" and free schools 
were not yet. 

In 1865 fired with enthusiasm for his country's 
honor, our subject enlisted in Company II. sixth 
Michigan Cavalry and was mustered into service 
at Washington. After the war. Mr. Confer made 
a Western tour and traveled over all the Western 
Territories ami Mexico, returning to Michigan in 
L872 and engaged in farming, in which calling he 
has been eminently successful, being the owner of 
a beautiful tract of land under the highest state of 
cultivation and he has the satisfaction of knowing 
that it has all been brought about by his own in- 
dustry and good management. 

Lucy Judd became the wife of our subject, in 

1873, their nuptials being celebrated in Flint, 
Mich. Mrs. Confer i- the daughter of .lames V. 
Judd, an early settler in Maple Grove Town- 
hip. Mrs. Confer was b >rn in the Wolverine 

State and passed fr this life in December 18, 

1873, after having become the mother of a son, 
Louis. Oursubject was a second time married. 
November 28, 1874, to .Miss Laura, daughter of 
Hiram and Harriet Slocum, residents of Maple 
Grove Township. Mrs. Confer was born in Flint, 
this State, December 30, 1857. To this union have 
been granted three children — Russell. Edith and 

The farm of Mr. Confer consists of one hundred 
and eightj acres. In politics he is a believer in 
Republican principles and always casts his vote in 
favor of the candidates of that party. He has 
never been an office-seeker, preferring to give his 
entire time and attention to the cultivation of his 
farm. Socially he is a member of Hugh McCurdy 
Lodge. No. 381, A. F.& A. M. 

The father of our subject. John Confer, was one 
of the pioneers of Saginaw County of 1861. He 
was horn in August, 1806, in Lycoming County, 
Pa., and was a son of Peter and Catherine Confer, 
natives of Germany. The parental family con- 
sisted of fourteen children, all of whom lived to 
attain majority. The father of our subject was 
the youngest of the family. He was reared to 
farming pursuit- and upon the death of his father, 
went with his mother, a brother and sister to Erie 
County. X. V.. and while there met Mis- Mary ( '. 
Green. That lady became his wife February 2'J. 
l!s:5(i. Mrs. Confer was horn in Berkshire County. 
Mass.. June 18, 1813, and was a daughter of Abel 
and Achsah Green, natives respectively of Rhode 
Island and Connecticut. They became the parents 
of eight children, of whom Mrs. Confer was the fifth 
in order of birth. Mrs. Mary Confer's parents became 
residents of laic County. X. Y. as early as 1825. 
They resided in New York until reaching an ad- 
vanced age. when they came to Michigan to visit 
their children. and while here were taken sick and 
died, the father's decease occurring when he was 
eighty-five years of age. and the mother died in 
her eighty-fourth year. 

After his marriage, the father of our subject con- 



tinned to make Erie County, N. V.. hishome until 
1855, when he came to Michigan and resided in 
Genesee County, until 1861, when be came to 
Saginaw County, and purchased land in Maple 
Grove Township, which with the assistance of his 
sons, he expected to soon clear and place under 
cultivation, but the Civil War breaking out [our 
of his sons enlisted in the Union Army, and it was 
thus a much longer time before his farm was placed 
under good cultivation. Mr. ('(infer has since 
resided upon that tract, which numbers eighty 

Our subject is one of a family of nine children 
born to his parents, of whom seven grew to mature 
years, viz: Nelson. Abel, Erastus, Frank. John 
Norman and Peries. Nelson was a soldier in the 
Tenth Michigan Infantry and makes his home in 
Maple Grove Township: Abel is an oil refiner and 
lives in Venango County. Pa.; Frank is a farmer 
and resides in Blushing, this State; John is also a 
farmer and makes his home in Hazelton Township: 
Norman is at home with his parents. The eldest 
of the family. Penes was a soldier in the Twenty- 
eighth New York, serving under Gen. Banks and 
was mortally wounded in the battle of Cedar 

JOHN BUELL WHITE, M. !>.. of Saginaw, 
was born January 13, 1826, in the town 
of Pompey, Onondaga .County, N. V. He 
was reared a farmer lad and remained at 
home on the farm until his eighteenth year, re- 
ceiving such education as could !»■ obtained at, 
the country school and the village academy. lie 
then began the study of medicine with Dr. II. B. 
Moore, of Manlius, N. V.. who was then the lead- 
ing surgeon of that part of the country. He at- 
tended hi- first course of medical lectures at Gen- 
eva, N. V.. and there became clinical assistant to 
the Professor of Surgery. 

Thus auspiciously started on his career, the fol- 
lowing year our subject went to Philadelphia and 
graduated from the Philadelphia ( ollege of .Medi- 

cine in July, \X.~>2. In the spring of I860 he re- 
ceived the ml eundem degree from the medical 
department of the Pennsylvania College. Soon 
after graduating our subjeel returned to New York 
and practiced Ins profession with his old preceptor, 
remaining with him for about two years. While 
there he received the appointment of Demonstrator 
of Anatomy in the New York College of Dental 
Surgery, hut on the earnest solicitation of his old 
friend and former roommate while at the village 
academy, now the lion. J. G. Sutherland, of Salt 
Lake City, who had located and was practicing 
law at Saginaw City, he was induced to remove to 
this city, where he arrived July I. 1854. 

Our subject early succeeded in acquiring a large 
and extensive practice, but on account of ill health 
was compelled to partially relinquish it. lie now 
devotes his time chiefly to the practice of gyne- 
cology. Dr. White has always been a diligent 
student and takes great interest in his profession, 
lie is one of the founders of the Michigan Stale 
Medical Society and a member of the American 
Medical Association. He is Gynecologist to Bliss 
Deaconess Hospital and Home; also a member of 
its Advisory Board-, and was for several years 
Physician to St. Mary's Hospital. 

As a practitioner the Doctor has taken high 
rank, and by steady observance of professional 
amenities has ever been on terms of g 1 fellow- 
ship with the members of his profession. He is a 
firm upholder of the dignity of the profession and 
charlatanism of whatever form is confronted 
boldly. He is convinced that whatever there is 
of value in the healing art is mainly due to the 
discovery and investigation of those who con- 
tinue to walk in the path of the regular and legiti- 
mate school of medicine. 

Dr. White is a Democrat in his political prefer- 
ence and has served his city on the Board of 
Health and as Alderman, Supervisor, Coroner and 
Sheriff. He is a member of St. John's Episcopal 
Church. June 1. 1853, he was married to Harriet E. 
Twitched, eldest daughter of the late Curtis 
Twitchell of Manlius. N. Y. 

It is here in place to give a more extended 
view of the antecedents of our subject. Dr. White 
i> a son of John and Clarinda (Safford) White. 



His father was a man of strong character and de- 
cided convictions always sustaining the confidence 
of his neighbors, lie was born at Blanford, Mass., 
October 23, L800. His father John White, was also 
a native of the old Bay State. His mother, whose 
maiden name was Rachel Knox, was related to 
Gen. Knox of Revolutionary fame. Our subject's 
father in later life lived at Man] ins, N. Y., where 
he died at the ripe old age of eighty-six. 

Our subject's mother, Clarinda Safford, was the 
daughter of Shube) Safford one of theearly settlers 
of Pompey. lie was killed by the falling of a 
scaffold while engaged in building the first frame 
hotel erected in what is now Syracuse. N. Y. Her 
mother. Clarissa (Buell) Safford was the fifth gen- 
eration removed from William Buell, the first 
common ancestor of the Buell family in America, 
who sailed from Plymouth, England, March 30, 
1630, in the ship •■.Mary and John." He landed at 
Nantucket on the 30th of May following and first 
settled at Dorchester. Mass. About five years later 
he removed to Windsor. Conn., where he died No- 
vember 2:i. 1681. The dired line of descent was 
through Samuel Buell. David Buell, Jedediah Buell, 
and Jonathan Buell. The name is one which has 
been handed down through a long line in the fam- 

The township of Pompej has been the residence 
and birthplace of many interesting men and women. 
It has furnished thirteen members to its State Leg- 
islature, seven Representatives in Congress, two 
United States Senators, a member of the Joint 
High Commission to settle with England the 
Alabama Claim, two Governors, five Mayors of 
cities, three Supreme Court Judges, an done Major- 
General of the United States Army. The Hon. 
Daniel Gott, who introduced the bill into Congress 
abolishing slaven in the District of Columbia; 
Mrs. T. B. Lippincott, 1 etter known as ( trace Green- 
wood, the poetess; the Fargo Brothers, founders of 
the Fargo Express Company; .lames Carhart, the 
inventor of the nielodeoii. and E. 1). Palmer, the 
greatest of American sculptors, were all born and 
reared in Pompey. Ex-Presid<mt Cleveland had 
the misfortune not to be born in Pompey but just 
over the township line in Manlius. 

At a reunion held at Pompey Hill, in 1875, many 

of these and other men prominent in various lines 
were present and took part in the celebration. At 
one point might be seen the tall and commanding 
form of Senator Williams of Oregon, receiving the 
congratulations of friends of his youth; at another 
Gov. Horatio Seymour greeting the playmates of 
his youthful days; and yet again at various points 
might be seen the Hon. William G. Fargo, ex- 
Mayor of Buffalo; Hon. Charles Ilayden. ex-Mayor 
of Rochester; Hon. Daniel (i. Fort. ex-Mayor of 
Oswego; Hon. Charles B. Sedgwick and Hon. 
Horace Wheaton, ex-Representatives in Congress; 
Hon. LeRoy Morgan, Judge of the Supreme Court; 
Dr. Charles W. Stevens of St. Louis. Mo.; Hon. 
Luther R. Marsh, of New York: lion. William 
Barnes, of Albany, and I teorge II. Jerome of Mich- 
igan, and many others surrounded by groups of 
admiring friends relating incidents of early life in 


industry that has in a few years grown 
from an humble beginning until at the 
present time it -tands as one of the most 
lucrative and popular, as well as attractive, is thai 
of floriculture. In Saginaw a love for Nature's 
beauties, which has been supplemented on the part 
of a number of her citizens who have visited some 
of the leading gardens of (lowers in Europe, has 
resulted in there being several creditable green- 
houses established within its limits, and one of the 
most enterprising firms, who have engaged in the 
culture of floral beauties is the one whose name 
stands at the head of this sketch. Their gardens 
comprise a tract of thirty acres lying near Forest 
Lawn Cemetery, and upon that land they have 
made remarkable developments. 

The six greenhouses of Mr. Grohmann and his 
sons include nearly ten thousand square feet, while 
at their store ami warerooms on Fitzhugh Street 
are found three more greenhouses, covering an 
area of three thousand square feet. This space is 
all well ventilated and heated bysteam. The busi- 
ness was established in 1890, by Anthony Groh- 



niann and his sons Edward and Albert. Thn I' 

their greenhouses are 20x100 feel in dimensions; 
two 60x20 feet and one 1(1x2(1 feet. These art' at 
the garden, while at the store there are three, whose 
dimensions arc, two 64x20 and one 05x10 
feel. They carry on an extensive vegetable 
business, but give the most of their time and at- 
tention to floriculture, making a specialty of cut 
roses and carnations. They also take many orders 
for wedding and funeral designs and have a great 
variety of ornamental, flower-bed, and potted 
plants in their season. 

Edward Grohmann, the youngest member of the 
above firm, learned flower culture in Detroit, whith- 
er he had gone when seventeen years of age. After 
remaining in that city one year he spent a short 
time in New Orleans and St. Louis, Mo., becoming 
identified in each of the above-named cities with 
the leading florists, lie then returned to Saginaw 
anil embarked in the business with his father and 
brother. The firm have invested $16,000 in the 

Anthony Grohmann is a native of Germany, 
having been born in that country in October, 183 1. 
He came to the United States when twenty years 
of age and has been identified with the interests 
of Saginaw for thirty years, lie was instrumental 
in building the Central House, which he ran for a 
number of years and for thirteen years he engaged 
successfully in vegetable gardening, lie has been 
a public-spirited man and interested in every move- 
ment which would benefit the city. The mother of 
Edward and Albert Grohmann was in her maiden- 
hood Miss Margaret Pouchner, also a native of the 
Fatherland. Their sons were born, Edward, March 
17. 1808 and Albert. June 30, 1862. The flrst- 
named gentleman gives his attention strictly to the 
duties in the office of the greenhouses and does the 
designing, decorating, etc. 

Edward Grohmanti was married April 21. 1891, 
to Miss Louisa Kilmel, of Saginaw. Albert was 
married November 22. 1887, to Mis-; Maggie Kil- 
mel, a sister of Edward's wife. Both ladies assist 
in the office and decorating work. 

A. Grohmann & Sims united with other promi- 
nent florists in Saginaw, gave a magnificent chrys- 
anthemum exhibit in Arbciter Hall, where they 

had several thousand plants, including roses, on 
exhibition. The career of the firm of A. Groh- 
mann A' Sons has up to the present time been :i 
most successful and deserving one and their pros- 
pects for the future are bright and promising. Thej 
are prompt in filling all orders, are gentlemanly 
and courteous to all and are fill I \ appreciated and 
highly esteemed by the entire county. 

^L^O<£r2>|Q^ [:;;■ 

[HjJOBBINS B. TAYLOR, one of the leading 

^\{ Professional and business men of Bay City. 
V has been residing here since M:irch, I860. 
He combines with the practice of law the 
real-estate and loan business. He enjoys a large 
and lucrative practice as an attorney, and the loan 
department also has an extensive clientage He 
was born in Sodus, Wayne County. X. V.. May 11. 
1839, and when Ave years of age removed to Ash- 
tabula County. Ohio, where he remained until 
reaching his majority, when he came West, and 
spent three years. When a lad our subjeel attended 
the common schools, and later was a student at 
Kingsville Academy for four winters, keeping up 
with his classes admirably, lie wasearly instructed 
in the duties of rural life, and at the early age of 
eight years began the heavy work on the farm. 

Mr. Taylor is a son of the Rev. M. Stephen and 
Electa B. (Beckwith) Taylor. The elder Taylor 
was born in Peru, X. V., May 31, 1813. His pater- 
nal grandsire was a farmer iii New York, but when 
a boy removed to Connecticut and then to lloosic, 
X. Y.. and fiom there to Peru. Our subject's an- 
cestors were from England, but were the first to 
come across the Atlantic and locate in New Eng- 
land, as we find the family here as early as 1650. 
The Rev. Stephen Taylor was reared in New York 
and remained at home until he was nineteen years 
of age. when he entered Granville College, now 
Dennison College, al Granville, Ohio, and in May. 
L835, he was licensed to preach in the Baptist 
Church in Knox County, Ohio. After holding the 
pastorate over various charges in Ohio until ls7:i. 
he removed to Kansas and located in Montgomery 
County, and subsequently removed to Jackson 



County. During his residence in Kansas Ik- served 
as a home missionary, and founded four congrega- 
tions. He came to Michigan in 1879 and lived 
for one year in Unionville. His lasl charge was 
at Clare. While laboring there lie became afflicted 
with neuralgia and was obliged to give up his min- 
isterial work. He now resides in Bay City. Politi- 
cally he is a Democrat, although originally he was 
a Republican and an old-time Abolitionist, and 
while in Ohio was actively interested in the under- 
ground railroad. 

( hir subject 's paren ts were married in Plattsburg, 
X. V., in 1836. Mrs. Tayloi was a native of Ver- 
mont and oneof the earliest settlers in Plattsburg. 
Her father died a victim of yellow fever when she 
was very young. Stephen Taylor and wife are the 
parents of six children, viz: Ann .1.. who is Mrs. 
E. Spaulding, lives in Pasadena, Cal.; our subject, 
who is the second in order of birth; Harriet A., 
died iu Ohio; Celestis K.. .Mrs. Miller, also lives in 
Pasadena. Cal.; Stephen is an engineer at Denver, 
Col.; and Emma died while her parents were re- 
siding in Kansas. 

Robbins B. Taylor early assumed charge of the 
home farm, but naturally he was so much of a 
student that he could not resist the temptation to 
carry his books with him into the field. During 
dull seasons lie made comfortable little sums by 
acting as hook agent. In I860 he went to Mt. 
Auburn, 111., and taught school until the spring of 
1861. At 'the date just mentioned Mr. Taylor's 
health being poor, he started for the Rocky Moun- 
tains, going out with a <• pan y of friends and 

taking the overland route to Pike's Peak. They 
drove to St. Louis and thence by boat to Atchison, 
Kan., and thence by team to the Platte River, and 
after crossing they were attacked by the Sioux and 
Arrapahoe Indians. There were twelve in the 
company with our subject, and he, with others, was 
wounded. He received a gun-shot wound in the 
left leg below the knee. The ball passed through 
the bone and he fell to the ground. The soldiers 
from the garrison at Kearney came to the rescue, 
and taking the company to Dobytown, eared for 
them for five weeks. Our subject was attendedby 
the garrison surgeon At the end of his convales- 
cence two stockmen fitted Out the company with 

a load of lead and sent them through to Denver. 
On reaching that city he found that his trunk, 
which had been sent on ahead, had been sold to 
pa\ for Storage. Thus he was left without a dol- 
lar, no clothes other than those he wore, and was 
among strangers. He walked forty miles to Cen- 
tra] City, thence to Quartz Hill, going for thirty- 
six hours without food, but secured work in placer 
mining on Quartz Hill, giving his first week's la- 
bor, however, for his hoard. 

Sixty days later Mr. Taylor took charge of a 
gang of men. working a claim in the placer mines, 
and for this lie was given *."> per day and his board. 
He remained with that company for six months 
and then took up a claim for which he gave $200. 
He worked it for thirty days and in that time 
cleared 83,000, hut lost it all in sixty days in driv- 
ing a shaft and in prospecting a lead he had dis- 
covered. After abandoning this a year later 
another party put in one more blast and opened a 
vein of mineral which netted them $135,000 in 
sixty days, and that mine, whii h is still being 
worked, is known as the "Roderick Dim." Our 
subject continued his mining in Colorado until lie 
was $1,000 ahead and then turned his face East- 
ward, coming to Ohio and assisting his father in 
paying off a mortgage on the farm. Mr. Taylor 
relates that the first sight he saw on going to Den- 
ver was three gamblers hanging by their necks to 
tree-, having been strung up by the vigilant com- 

When twenty-six years of age our subject came 
to lla\ City, where in March, 1866, he began the 

study of law, ( imencing with < trier & McDonald. 

In 1K(>(> he entered the law department of the Uni- 
versity of Michigan, and was graduated in 1868 
with the degree of LL. D. After finishing his 
college life he returned to Crier A McDonald, with 
whom he remained for one year and then went into 
partnership with 11. II Wheeler, the new firm 
locating its office in West Ray City. This partner- 
ship was dissolved by the removal of Mr. Wheeler 
from the city and our subject continued to prac- 
tice alone until 1874. On the completion of his 
fine brick block in Bay City, at the corner of 
Washington and Third Streets he located his office 
in it and since then has been alone in practice. 



In the year 1880 by an amendment of the char- 
ter of Bay City a board of public works was j >i< >- 
vided for, Mr. Taylor was appointed a member and 
(haii-man of that Hoard, and while he was such 
chairman a comprehensive system of draining the 
city and paving its principal streets was inaugur- 
ated by the Board. Facilities for draining base- 
ments and cellars being thus afforded and the ••mud 
blockade" being removed by the paving of the 
principal street-, the effect was almost immediately 
manifested by the building of a better class of resi- 
dences and business houses and the improvement of 
old ones. The healthiness of the city was greatly 
promoted and in fact it became, and now is, one 
Of the healthiest and most pleasant residence 
cities in the State and having perhaps more beau- 
tiful and comfortable homes in proportion to its 
population than any other city in the State. 

Mr. Taylor resides on Fifth Avenue, where 
he has a very pleasant home. He was married in 
Cleveland, Ohio, in December, 1869, to Miss Annie 
L. Fling, who was born in New York and reared in 
Geauga County, Ohio. Mr. and Mrs. Taylor are 
the parents of one son. whose name is Clayton R. 
For two years he attended the college at Akron, 
Ohio, and is now a student in the law department 
of the University of Michigan. Our subject has 
been a member of the Board of Education of Bay 
City. He i- a member of the Universalis Church 
ami is a Trustee of its society. Mr. Taylor was 
originally a Republican but became dissatisfied 
with the financial and commercial policy of the 
party as be did not deem its protective policy con- 
ducive to successful enterprise. He is now inde- 
pendent and votes for the man whom he believes 
to be best fitted for the office. 


» EORGE WARD, Sk. To a Marylanderil is 
a sufficient voucher for one'- standing to 
know that a stranger is a native of that 
State which was founded by Lord Baltimore, and 
the firsl question i-. docs one < le from the east- 
ern shore or the western shore? Our subject was 
born in ( atonsville, Md.. November !>, 18:3:i. He 

is a son of William and Henrietta (Wardell) Ward, 
who were both liorn in Yorkshire. England, ill the 
vllagc of East Cepington. Our subject's paternal 
grandfather, George Ward, was a tailor by trade, 
which he plied both in England and on eom- 
Lngto America. On crossing the ocean helocated 
near Toronto, Canada, in 1830, and purchased a 
farm which he ran for the rest of bis life, lie reared 
live sons and three daughters, alt of whom came to 
this country. They were brought up in the faith 
of the Wesleyan Methodist Church. 

Our subject's father was married just prior to his 
emigration to the United States. He settled first 
in Baltimore, where he was employed at his trade 
which was that of a tailor, but later removed to ;i 
distance of ten miles from the city. In 1831 he 
removed to Toronto. ( anada. and later to the town 
of Reach, Ontario. Canada, where he died about 
1885, at the age of eighty-five years. He had been 
a Class-Leader in the Methodist Church for forty 
pears and was a man of great piety and sterling 
principle-. lie was twice married; his first wife 
bore him seven children, of whom six were reared 
to years of maturity. They are Robert, George, 
William, Joseph, John and Sarah .1. The. second 
wife, whose name was Eliza Phillips, presented her