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kIIE greatest of English historians, Macaulay, and one of the most brilliant writers of 
the present century, has said : "The history of a country is best told in a record of the 
lives of its people." In conformity with this idea the Portrait and Biographical 
Album of this county has been prepared. Instead of going to must}' records, and 
taking therefrom dry statistical matter that can be appreciated by but few, our 
corps of writers have gone to the people, the men and women who have, by their 
enterprise and industr3^ brought the count}' to a ranii second to none among those 
comprising this great and noble State, and from their lips have the story of their life 
struggles. No more interesting or instructive matter could be presented to an intelli- 
gent public. In this volume will be found a record of many whose lives are worthy the 
imitation of coming generations. It tells how some, commencing life in poverty, by 
industry and economy have accumulated wealth. It tells how others, witli limited 
advantages for securing an education, have become learned men and women, with an 
influence extending throughout the length and breadth of the land. It tells of men who 
have risen from the lower walks of life to eminence as statesmen, and whose names have 
become famous. It tells of those in every walk in life who have striven to succeed, and 
records how that success has usually crowned their efforts. It tells also of man}', very 
many, who, not seeking the applause of the world, have pursued "the even tenor of their way,'' content 
to have it said of them as Christ said of the woman ijerforming a deed of mercy — "they have done what 
they could." It tells how that many in the pride and strength of young manhood left the plow and the 
anvil, the lawyer's office and the counting-room, left every trade and profession, and at their country's 
call went forth valiantly "to do or die," and how through their efforts the Union was restored and peace 
once more reigned in the laud. In the life of every man and of every woman is a lesson that should not 
be lost upon those who follow after. 

Coming generations will appreciate this volume and preserve it as a sacred treasure, from the fact 
that it contains so much that would never find its way into public records, aud which would otherwise be 
inaccessible. Great care has been taken in the compilation of the work and every opportunity possible 
given to those represented to insure correctness in what has been written, and the publishers flatter them- 
selves that they give to their readers a work with few errors of consequence. In addition to the biograph- 
ical sketches, portraits of a number of representative citizens are given. 

The faces of some, and biographical sketches of many, will be missed in this volume. For this the 
publishers are not to blame. Not having a proper conception of the work, some refused to give the 
information necessary to compile a sketch, while others were indifferent. Occasionally some member of 
the family would oppose the enterprise, and on account of such opposition tiic support of the interested 
one would be withheld. In a few instances men could never be found, though repeated calls were made 
at their residence or place of busifiess. 

Chicago, February, 1889. 




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'""" - _ , WM 

HE Father otour Country was 
horn in Westmorland Co., Va., 
'Feb. 22, 1732. His parents 
were Augustine and Mary 
(Ball) Washington. The family 
to which he belonged has not 
been satisfactorily traced in 
England. His great-grand- 
father, John Washington, em- 
igrated to Virginia about 1657, 
and became a prosperous 
planter. He had two sons, 
Lawrence and John. The 
former married Mildred Warner 
and had three children, John, 
Augustine and Mildred. Augus- 
tine, the father of George, fiist 
married Jane Butler, who bore 
him four children, two of whom, 
Lawrence and Augustine, reached 
maturity. Of six children by his 
second marriage, George was the 
eldest, the others being Betty, 
Samuel, John Augustine, Charles 
and Mildred. 
Augustine Washington, the father of George, died 
in 1743, leaving a Luge landed property. To his 
eldest son, Lawrence, he bequeathed an estate on 
the f'atomac, afterwards known as Mount Vernon, 
and to George he left the parental residence. George 
received only such education as the neighborhood 
schools afforded, save for a short time after he left 
school, when he received private instruction in 
mathLMiiat'i s. His spelhu'^ v/as rather defectiv,;. 

Remarkable stories are told of his great physica. 
strength and development at an early age. He was 
an acknowledged leader among his companions, and 
was early noted for that nobleness of character, fair- 
ness and veracity which characterized his whole life. 

When George was 1 4 years old he had a desire to go to 
sea, and a midshipman's warrant was secured for him, 
but through the opposition of his mother the idea was 
abandoned. Two years later he was appointed 
surveyor to the immense estate of Lord Fairfax. In 
this business he spent three years in a rough frontier 
life, gaining experience which afterwards proved very 
essential to him. Li 175 r, though only 19 years of 
age, he was appointed adjutant with the rank of 
major in the Virginia militia, then being trained for 
active service against the French and Indians. Soon 
after this he sailed to the West Indies with his brother 
Lawrence, who went there to restore his health. They 
soon returned, and in the summer of 1752 Lawrence 
died, leaving a large fortune to an infant daughter 
who did not long survive him. On her den>ise the 
estate of Mount Vernon was given to George. 

Upon the arrival of Robert Dinwiddle, as Lieuten- 
ant-Governor of Virginia, in 1752, the militia was 
reorganized, and the province divided into four mili- 
tary districts, of which the northern was assignee to 
Washington as adjutant general. Shortly after this 
a very perilous mission was assigned him and ac- 
cepted, which others had refused. This was to pro- 
ceed to the French post near Lake Erie in North- 
western Pennsylvania. The distance to be traversed 
was between 500 and 600 miles. Winter was at hand, 
and the join-ney was to be made witliout military 
escort, through a territory occupied by Indians. The 


trip was a perilous one, and several limes he came near 
losing his life, yet he returned in safety and furnished 
a full and useful report of his expedition. A regiment 
of 300 men was raised in Virginia and put in com- 
mand of Col. Joshua Fry, and Major Washington was 
commissioned lieutenant-colonel. Active war was 
then begun against the French and Indians, in which 
Washington took a most important part. In the 
memorable event of July 9, 1755, known as Brad- 
dock's defeat, Washington was almost the only officer 
of distinctior, who escaped from the calamities of the 
day with life and honor. The other aids of Braddock 
were disabled early in the action, and Washington 
alone was left in that capacity on the field. In a letter 
to his brother he says : " I had four bullets through 
my coat, and two horses shot under me, yet I escaped 
unhurt, though death was leveling my companions 
on every side." An Indian sharpshooter said he was 
not born to be killed by a bullet, for he had taken 
direct aim at him seventeen times, and failed to hit 

.\fter having been five years in the military service, 
and vainly sought promotion in the royal army, he 
took advantage of the fall of Fort Duquesne and the 
expulsion of the French from the valley of the Ohio, 
10 resign his commission. Soon after he entered the 
Legislature, where, although not a leader, he look an 
active and imjxjrtant part. January 17, 1759, he 
married Mrs. Martha (Dandridge) Custis, the wealthy 
widow of John Parke Custis. 

When the British Parliament had closed the port 
-if Boston, the cry went up throughout the provinces 
that "The cause of Boston is the cause of us all." 
It was then, at the suggestion of Virginia, that a Con • 
gress of all the colonies was called to meet at Phila- 
delphia, Sept. 5, 1774, to secure their common liberties, 
peaceably if possible. To this Congress Col. Wash- 
ington was sent as a delegate. On May 10, 1775, the 
Congress re-assembled, w!ien the hostile intentions of 
England were plainly apparent. The battles of Con- 
cord and Lexington had been fought. Among the 
first acts of this Congress was the election of a com- 
mander-in-chief of the colonial forces. This high and 
responsible office was conferred upon Washington, 
who was still a memberof the Congress. He accepted 
ii on June 19, but upon the express condition that he 
receive no salary. He would keep an exact account 
of expenses and expect Congress 10 pay them and 
nothing more. It is not the object of this sketch to 
trace the military acts of Washington, to whom the 
fortunes and liberties of the peoi)le of this country 
were so long confided. The war was conducted by 
him under ever)' possible disadvantage, and while his 
forces often met with reverses, yet he overcame every 
obstacle, and after seven years of heroic devotion 
and matchless skill he gained liberty for the greatest 
nation of earth. On Dec. 23, 17S3, Washington, in 
a parting address of surpassing beauty, lesigned his 

commission as commander-in-chief of the army to 
to the Continental Congress sitting at Annapolis. He 
retired immediately to Mount Vernon and resumed 
his occupation as a farmer and planter, shunning all 
connection with public lite. 

In February, 1 7 89, Washington was unanimously 
elected President. In his presidential career he was 
subject to the peculiar trials incidental to a w^w 
government ; trials from lack of confidence on the part 
of other governments; trials from want of harmony 
between the different sections of our own country' ; 
trials from the impoverished condition of the country, 
owmgto the war and want of credit; trials from the 
beginnings of party strife. He was no partisan. His 
clear judgment could discern the golden mean; and 
while perhaps this alone kept our government from 
sinking at the very outset, it left him exposed to 
attacks from both sides, which were often bitter .nnd 
very annoying. 

At the expiration of his first term he was unani- 
mously re-elected. At the end of this term many 
were anxious that he be re-elected, but he absolutely 
refused a tliird nomination. On the fourth of March, 
1797, at the expiraton of his second term as Presi- 
dent, he returned to his home, hoping to pass there 
his few remaining yeais free from the annoyances of 
public life. Later in the year, however, his repose 
seemed likely to be interrupted by war with France 
At the prospect of such a war he was again urged to 
take command of the armies. He chose his sul - 
ordinate officers and left to them the charge of mat 
ters in the field, which he superintended from his- 
home. In accepting the command he made the 
reservation that he was not to be in the field until 
it was necessary. In the midst of these preparations 
his life was suddenly cut off. December 12, he took 
a severe cold from a ride in the rain, which, settling 
in h's throat, produced inflammation, and terminated 
fatally on the night of the fourteenth. On the eigh- 
teenth his body was borne wi'h military honors to its 
final resting place, and interred in the family vault at 
Mount Vernon. 

Of the character of Washington it is impossible to 
speak but in terms of the highest respect and ad- 
miration. The more we see of the operations of 
our government, and the more deeply we feel the 
difficulty of uniting all opinions in a common interest, 
the more highly we must estimate the force of his tal- 
ent and character, which have been able to challenge 
the reverence of all parties, and principles, and na- 
tions, and to win a fame as extended as the limits 
of the globe, and which we cannot but believe will 
be as lasting as the existence of man. 

The person of Washington was unusally tan, erect 
and well proportioned. His muscular strength was 
great. His features were of a beautiful symmetr\'. 
He commanded respect without any appearance of 
haughtiness, and ever serious without being dull. 








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I OHN ADAMS, the second 
®,-. President and the first Vice- 
*' President of the United States, 
was born in Braintree ( now 
k Quincy ),Mass., and about ten 
''•^- miles from Boston, Oct. 19, 
1735. His great-grandfather, Henry 
Adams, emigrated from England 
about 1640, with a family of eight 
sons, and settled at Braintree. The 
parents of John were John and 
Susannah (Boylston) Adams. His 
father was a farmer of limited 
means, to which he added the bus- 
iness of shoemaking. He gave his 
eldest son, John, a classical educa- 
tion at Harvard College. John 
graduated in 1755, and at once took charge of the 
school in Worcester, Mass. This he found but a 
'sci.ool of affliction," from which he endeavored to 
gain iClief by devoting himself, in addition, to the 
sludy of law. For this purpose he placed himself 
under the tuition of the only lawyer in the town. He 
had thought seriously of the clerical profession 
but seems to have been turned from this by what he 
termed " the frightful engines of ecclesiastical coun- 
cils cf dialjolical malice, and Calvanistic good nature,'' 
of the operations of which he had been a witness in 
his native town. He was well fitted for the legal 
profeiision, possessing a clear, sonorous voice, being 
ready and fluent of speech, and having quick percep- 
tive j\)wers. He gradually gained practice, and in 
1764 married Abigail Smith, a daughter of a minister, 
and a lady of superior intelligence. Shortly after his 
marriage, (1765), the attempt of Parliamentary taxa- 
tion turned him from law to politics. He took initial 
iteps toward holdin^ i town meeting, and the resolu- 

tions he offered on the subject became very [xjpulai 
throughout the Province, and were adopted word for 
word by over forty different towns. He moved to Bos- 
ton in 1768, and became one of the most courageous 
and prominent advocatesof the popular cause, and 
was chosen a member of the General Court (the Leg- 
lislature) in 1770. 

Mr. Adams was chosen one of the first delegates 
from Massachusetts to the first Continental Congress, 
which met in 1774. Here he distinguished himselt 
by his capacity for business and for debate, and ad- 
vocated the movement for independence against the 
majority of the members. In May, 1776, he moved 
and carried a resolution in Congress that the Colonies 
should assume tlie duties of self-government. He 
was a prominent member of the committee of ave 
appointed June 11, to prepare a declaration of inde- 
pendence. This article was drawn by Jefferson, but 
on Adams devolved the task of battling it through 
Congress in a three days debate. 

On the day after the Declaration of Independence 
was passed, while his soul was yet warm with th3 
glow of e.xcited feeling, he wrote a letter to his wife 
which, as we read it now, seems to have been dictated 
by the spirit of prophecy. "Yesterday," he says, "the 
greatest question was decided that ever was debated 
in America; and greater, perhaps, never was or wil 
be decided among men. A resolution was passed 
without one dissenting colony, ' that these United 
States are, and of right ought to be, free and inde- 
pendent states.' The day is passed. The fourth of 
July, 1776, will lie a memorable epoch in the history 
of America. I am apt to believe it will be celebrated 
by succeeding generations, as the great anniversary 
festival. It ought to be commemorated as the day of 
'deliverance by solemn acts of devotion to Almighty 
God. It ought to be solemnized \j'nh jx)mp, shows. 



games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires, and illuminations 
from one end of the continent to the other, from this 
time forward for ever. Vou will think me transported 
with enthusiasm, but I am not. I am well aware of 
the toil, and blood and treasure, that it will cost to 
maintain this declaration, and support and defend 
these States; yet, through all the gloom, I can see the 
rays of light and glory. I can see that the end is 
worth more than all the means; and that posterity 
will triumph, although you and I may rue, which I 
hope we shall not." 

In November, 1777, Mr. Adams was appointed a 
delegate to France and to co-operate with Bemjamin 
Franklin and Arthur Lee, who were then in Paris, in 
the endeavor to obtain assistance in arms and money 
from the French Government. This was a severe trial 
to his patriotism, as it separated him from his home, 
compelled him to cross the ocean in winter, and ex- 
posed him to great peril of capture by the British cruis- 
ers, who were seeking him. He left France June 17, 
1779. In September of the same year he was again 
ciiosen to go to Paris, and there hold himself in readi- 
ness to negotiate a treaty of peace and of commerce 
with Great Britian, as soon as the British Cabinet 
might be found willing to listen to such pioposels. He 
sailed for France in November, from there he went to 
Holland, where he negotiated important loans and 
formed important commercial treaties. 

Finally a treaty of peace with England was signed 
Jan. 21, 1783. The re-action from the excitement, 
toil and an.xiety through which Mr. Adams had passed 
threw him into a fever. After suffering from a con- 
tinued fever and becoming feeble and emaciated he 
was advised to go to England to drink the waters of 
Bath. \Vhilein England, still drooping anddesiwnd- 
ing, he received dispatches from his own government 
urging the necessity of his going to .\msterdam to 
negotiate another loan. It was winter, his health was 
delicate, yet he immediately set out, and through 
storm, on sea, on horseback and foot, he made the trip. 

February 24, 1785; Congress apijointed Mr. Adams 
envoy to the Court of St. James. Here he met face 
to face the King of England, who had so long re- 
garded him as a traitor. As England did not 
condescend to appoint a minister to the United 
States, and as Mr. Adams felt that he was accom- 
plishing but little, he sought permission to return to 
his own country, where he arrived in June, 17 88. 

When Washington was first chosen President, John 
.\dams, rendered illustiious by his signal services at 
home and abroad, was chosen Vice President, .\gain 
at the second election of Washington as President, 
Adams was chosen Vice President. In 1796, Wash- 
ington retired from public life, and Mr. Adams was 
elected President,though not without much opposition. 
Serving in this office four years,he was succeeded by 
Mr. Jefferson, his opponent in politics. 

While Mr. Adams was Vice President the great 

French Revolution shook the continent of Europe, 
and it was upon this point which he was at issue with 
the majority of his countrymen led by Mr. Jefferson. 
Mr. Adams felt no sympathy with the French people 
in their struggle, for he had no confidence in tlieir 
power of self-government, and he utterly abhored the 
class of atheist philosophers who he claimed caused it. 
On the other hand Jefferson's sympathies were strongly 
enlisted in behalf of the French people. Hence or- 
iginated the alienation between these distinguished 
men, and two powerful parties were thus soon organ- 
ized, Adams at the head of the one whose sympathies 
were with England and Jefferson led the other in 
sympathy vi^ith France. 

The world has seldom seen a spectacle of more 
moral beauty and grandeur, than was presented by the 
old age of Mr. Adams. The violence of party fee'ing 
had died away, and he had begun to receive that just 
appreciation which, to most men, is not accorded till 
after death. No one could look upon his venerable 
form, and think of what he had done and suffered, 
and how he had given up all the prime and strength 
of his life to the public good, without the deepest 
emotion of gratitude and respect. It was his peculiar 
good fortune to witness the complete success of the 
institution which he had been so active in creating and 
supporting. In 1824, his cup of ha|)piness was filled 
to the brim, by seeing his son elevated to the liighest 
station in the gift of the people. 

The fourth of Jul)', 1826, which completed the half 
century since the signing of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, arrived, and there were but three of the 
signers of that immortal instrument left upon the 
earth to hail its morning light. And, as it is 
well known, on that dciy two of these finished the.i 
earthly pilgrimage, a coincidence so remarkable as 
to seem miraculous. For a few days before Mr. 
Adams had been rapidly failing, and on the morning 
of the fourth he found himself too weak to rise from 
his bed. On being requested to name a toast for the 
customary celebration of the day, he exclaimed " In- 
dependence FOREVER." When the day was ushered 
in, by the ringing of bells and the firing of cannons, 
he was asked by one of his attendants if he knew 
what day it was? He replied, "O yes; it is the glor- 
ious fourth of July — God bless it — Crod bless you all." 
In the course of the day he said, " It is a great and 
glorious day." The last words he uttered were. 
"Jefferson survives." But he had, at one o'clock, re- 
signed his spiiit into the hands of his God. 

The personal appearance and manners of Mr. 
Adams were not particularly prepossessing. His face, 
as his portrait manifests.was intellectual ard expres- 
sive, but his figure was low and ungraceful, and his 
manners were frequently abrupt and uncourteous. 
He had neither the lofty dignity of Washington, ncr 
the engaging elegance and gracefulness which marked 
the manners and address of TcfTerson. 




born April 2, 1743, at Shad- 
^■^f'well, Albermarle county, Va. 
His parents were Peter and 
Jane ( Randolph) Jefferson, 
the former a native of Wales, 
and the latter born in Lon- 
don. To tliem were born six 
daughters and two sons, of 
whom Thomas was the elder. 
When 14 years of age his 
father died. He received a 
most liberal education, hav- 
ing been kept diligently at school 
from the time he was five years of 
age. In 1760 he entered William 
.end Mary College. Williamsburg was then the seat 
of the Colonial Court, and it was the obode of fashion 
a. id splendor. Young Jefferson, who was then 17 
years old, lived somewhat ejipensively, keeping fine 
horses, and much caressed by gay society, yet lie 
was earnestly devoted to his studies, and irreproacha- 
able in his morals. It is strange, however, under 
such influences, that he was not ruined. In the sec- 
ond year of his college course, moved by some un- 
explained inward impulse, he discarded his horses, 
society, and even his favorite violin, to which he had 
previously given much time. He often devoted fifteen 
hours a day to hard study, allowing himself for e.\- 
ercise only a run in the evening twilight of a mile out 
of the city and back again. He thus attained very 
high intellectual culture, alike excellence in philoso- 
phy and the languages. The most difficult Latin and 
Greek authors he read with facility. A more finished 
scholar has seldom gone forth from college halls; and 

there was not to be found, perhaps, in all Virginia, a 
more pureminded, upright, gentlemanly young man. 

Immediately upon leaving college he began the 
study of law. For the short time he continued in the 
practice of his profession he rose rapidly and distin- 
guished himself by his energy and accuteness as a 
lawyer. But the times called for greater action. 
The policy of England had awakened the spirit of 
resistance of the American Colonies, and the enlarged 
views which Jefferson had ever entertained, soon led 
him into active political life. In 1769 he was chosei 
a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses. In 
1772 he married Mrs. Martha Skelton, a very beauti- 
ful, wealthy and highly accomplished young widow 

Upon Mr. Jefferson's large estate at Shadwell, there 
was a majestic swell of land, called Monticello, which 
commanded a prospect of wonderful extent and 
beauty. This spot Mr. Jefferson selected for his new 
home; and here he reared a mansion of modest ye*^ 
elegant architecture, which, next to Mount Vernon 
became the most distinguished resort in our land. 

In 1775 he was sent to the Cilonial Congress, 
where, though a silent member, his abilities as a 
writer and a reasoner soon become known, and he 
was placed upon a number of important committees, 
and was chairman of the one appointed for the draw- 
ing up of a declaration of independence. This ccm- 
mittee consisted of Thomas Jefferson, John Adams. 
Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman and Robert R. 
Livingston. Jefferson, as chairman, was appointed 
to draw up the paper. Franklin and Adams suggested 
a few verbal changes before it was submitted to Con- 
gress. On June 28, a few slight changes were made 
in it by Congress, and it was passed and signed July 
4, 1776 What mttst have been the feelings of that 



man — what the emotions that swelled his breast — 
wlio was charged with the preparation of that Dec- 
laration, which, while it made known the wrongs of 
America, was also to publish her to the world, free, 
soverign and independent. It is one of the most re- 
markable papers ever written ; and did no other effort 
i;f the mind of its author exist, that alone would be 
sufficient to stamp his name with immortality. 

In 1779 JVIr. Jefferson was elected successor to 
Patrick Henry, i.s Governor of Virginia. At one time 
the British officer, Tarleton, sent a secret expedition to 
Monticello, to capture the Governor. Scarcely five 
minutes elapsed after the hurried escape of Mr. Jef- 
ferson and his family, ere his mansion was in posses- 
sion of the British troops. His wife's health, never 
very good, was much injured by this excitement, and 
:n the summer of 1782 she died. 

Mr. Jefferson was elected to Congress in 1783. 
Two yeirs later he was appointed Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to France. Returning to the United States 
in September, 1789, he became Secretary of State 
in Washington's cabinet. This position he resigned 
Jan. J, 1794. In 1797, he was chosen Vice Presi- 
dent, and four years later was elected President over 
Mr. Adams, with Aaron Burr as Vice President. In 
1804 he was re-elected with wonderful unanimity, 
and George Clinton, Vice President. 

The early part of Mr. Jefferson's second adminstra- 
tion was disturbed by an event which threatened the 
tranquilily and peace of the Union; this was the con- 
spiracy of Aaron Burr. Defeated in the late election 
to the Vice Presidency, and led on by an un[.rincipled 
ambition, this extraordinary man formed the plan of a 
military expedition into the Spanish territories on our 
southwestern frontier, for the purpose of forming there 
a new republic. This has been generally supposed 
was a mere pretext ; and altliough it has not been 
generally known what his real plans were, there is no 
doubt that they were of a far more dangerous 

In 1809, at the expiration of the second term for 
which Mr. Jefferson had been elected, he determined 
to retire from political life. For a period of nearly 
:3rty years, he had been continually before the pub- 
,ic, and all that time had been employed in offices of 
the greatest trust and responsibility. Having thus de- 
voted the best part of his life to the service of his 
country, he now felt desirous of that rest which his 
declining years required, and upon the organization of 
the new administration, in March, 1809, he bid fare- 
well forever to public life, and retired to Monticelio. 

Mr. Jefferson was profuse in his hospitality. Whole 
families came in their coaches with their horses, — 
fathers and mothers, boys and girls, babies and 
nurses, — and remained three and even six months. 
Life at Monticello, for years, resembled that at a 
fashionable watering-place. 

The fourth of July, 1826, being the fiftieth anniver- 

sary of the Declaration of American Independence, 
great preparations were made in every jiatt of the 
Union for its celebration, as the nation's jubilee, and 
the citizens of Washington, to add to the solemniiy 
of the occasion, invited Mr. Jefferson, as the framer. 
and one of the few surviving signers of the Declara- 
tion, to participate in their festivities. But an ill- 
ness, which had been of several weeks duration, and 
had been continually increasing, compelled him to 
decline the invitation. 

On the second of July, the disease under which 
he was laboring left him, but in such a reduced 
state that his medical attendants, entertained ne 
hope of his recovery. From this time he was perfectly 
sensible that his last hour was at hand. On the next 
day, which was Monday, he asked of those around 
him, the day of the month, and on being told it was 
the third of July, he expressed the earnest wish that 
he might be permitted to breathe the air of the fiftieth 
anniversary. His prayer was heard — that day, whose 
dawn was hailed with such rapture through our land, 
burst upon his eyes, and then they were closed for- 
ever. And what a noble consummation of a noble 
life! To die on that day, — the birthday of a nation,- - 
the day which his own name and his own act had 
rendered glorious; to die amidst the rejoicings and 
festivities of a whole nation, who looked up to him, 
as the author, under God, of their greatest blessings, 
was all that was wanting to fill up the record his life. 

Almost at the same hour of his death, the kin- 
dred spirit of the venerable Adams, as if to bear 
him company, left the scene of bis earthly honors. 
Hand in hand they had stood forth, the champions of 
freedom; hand in hand, during the dark and desjier- 
ate struggle of the Revolution, they had cheered and 
animated their desponding countrymen; for half a 
century they had labored together for the good of 
the country; and now hand in hand they depart. 
In their lives they had been united in the same great 
cause of liberty, and in their deaths they were not 

In person Mr. Jefferson was tall and thin, rather 
above six feet in height, but well formed; his eyes 
were light, his hair originally red, in after life became 
white and silvery; his complexion was fair, his fore- 
head broad, and his whole countenance intelligent and 
thoughtful. He jxjssessed great fortitude of mind as 
well as personal courage ; and his command of tem- 
per was such that his oldest and most intimate friends 
never recollected to have seen him in a passion. 
His manners, though dignified, were simple and un- 
affected, and his hospitality was so unbounded that 
all found at his house a ready welcome. In conver- 
sation he was fluent, eloquent and enthusiastic ; and 
his language was remarkably pure and correct. He 
was a finished classical scholar, and in his writings is 
discernable the care with which he formed his style 
upon the best models of antiquity. 



it*-^^^-^ t^K 




a, AMES MADISON, "Father 
4t of tlie Constitution," and fourtli 
^■'■■'President of the United States, 
was born March i6, 1757, and 
died at his home in Virginia, 
'*^' June 28, 1836. The name of 
James Madison is inseparably con- 
nected with most of tire important 
events in that heroic period of our 
country during which the founda- 
tions of this great repubHc were 
laid. He was the last of the founders 
of the Constitution of the United 
States to be called to his eternal 

The Madison family were among 
the early emigrants to the New \Vorld, 
landing ujwn the shores of the Chesa- 
peake but 15 years after the settle- 
ment of Jamestown. The f:rther of 
James Madison was an opulent 
JWf> planter, residing upon a very fine es- 

fmj tate called " Montpelier," Orange Co., 
J3J Va. The mansion was situated in 
^j|) the midst of scenery highly pictur- 
i esque and romantic, on the west side 

of South-west Mountain, at the foot of 
Blue Ridge. It was but 25 miles from the home of 
Jefferson at Monticello. The closest personal and 
political attachment existed between these illustrious 
men, from their early youth until death. 

The early education of Mr. Madison was conducted 
mostly at home under a private tutor. At the age of 
rS he was sent to Princeton College, in New Jersey. 
Hs;re he applied himself to study with the most im- 

prudent zeal; allowing himself, for months, but ihree 
hours' sleep out of tlie 24. His health thus became so 
seriously impaired that he never recovered any vigor 
of constitution. He graduated in 1771, with a feeble 
body, with a character of utmost purity, and with a 
mind highly disciplined and riclily stored with learning 
which embellisheil and gave [jroficiency to his subsr 
quent career. 

Returning to Virginia, he commenced the study of 
law and a course of extensive and systematic reading. 
This educational course, the spirit of the times in 
which he lived, and the society with which he asso- 
ciated, all combined to inspire him with a strong 
love of liberty, and to train him for his life-work of 
a statesman. Being naturally of a religious turn of 
mind, and his frail health leading him to think that 
his life was not to be long, he directed especial atten- 
tion to theological studies. Endowed with a mmd 
singularly free from passion and prejudice, and with 
almost unequalled powers of reasoning, he weighed 
all the arguments for and against revealed religion, 
until his faith became so established as never to 
be shaken. 

In the spring of 1776, wiien 26 years of age, he 
was elected a member of the Virginia Convention, to 
frame the constitution of the State. The next year 
(1777), he was a candidate for the General Assemblv. 
He refused to treat the whisky-lovir.g voters, and 
consequently lost his election ; but those who had 
witnessed the talent, energy and public spirit of the 
modest young man, enlisted themselves in his behalf, 
and he was appointed to the E.xecutive Council. 

Both Patrick Henry and Thomas Jefferson were 
Governors of Virginia while Mr. Madison remained 
member of the Council ; and their appreciation of his 



intellectual, social and moral worth, contributed not 
a little to his subsequent eminence. In the year 
1780, he was elected a member of the Continental 
Congress. Here he met the most illustrious men in 
our land, and he was immediately assigned to one of 
the most conspicuous positions among them. 

For three years Mr. Madison continued in Con- 
gress, one of its most active and influential members. 
In the year 1784, his term having expired, he was 
elected a member of the Virginia Legislature. 

No man felt more deeply tlian Mr. Madison the 
utter inefficiency of the old confederacy, with no na- 
tional government, with no power to form treaties 
v/hich would be binding, or to enforce law. There 
was not any State more prominent than Virginia in 
the declaration, that an efficient national government 
must be formed. In January, 1786, Mr. Madison 
carried a resolution through the General Assembly of 
Virginia, inviting the other States to apjioint commis- 
sioners to meet in convention at Annapolis to discuss 
this subject. Five States only were represented. The 
convention, however, issued another call, drawn up 
by Mr. Madison, urging all the States to send their 
delegates to Philadelphia, in May, 1787, to draft 
a Constitution for the United States, to take the place 
of that Confederate League. The delegates met at 
the time appointed. Every Stale but Rhode Island 
was represented. George Washington was chosen 
president of the convention; and the present Consti- 
tution of the United States was then and there formed. 
There was, perhaps, no mind and no pen more ac- 
tive in framing this immortal document than the mind, 
and the pen of James Madison. 

The Constitution, adopted by a vote 81 to 79, was 
to be presented to the several States for acceptance. 
But grave solicitude was felt. Should it be rejected 
we should be left but a conglomeration of independent 
States, with but little ix)wer at home and little respect 
abroad. Mr. Madison was selected by the conven- 
tion to draw up an address to the people of the United 
States, expounding the principles of the Constitution, 
and urging its adoption. There was great opposition 
to it at first, but it at length triumphed over all, and 
went into effect in 1789. 

Mr. Madison was elected to the House of Repre- 
sentatives in the first Congress, and soon became the 
avowed leader of the Republican party. While in 
New York attending Congress, he met Mrs. Todd, a 
young widow of remarkable jxiwer of fascination, 
wliom he married. She was in person and character 
queenly, and probably no lady has thus far occujMed 
so prominent a position in the ver)' peculiar society 
wliich has constituted our republican court as Mrs. 

Mr. Madison served as Secretary of State under 
Jefferson, and at the close of his administration 
was chosen President. At this time the encroach- 
ments of England had brought us to the verge of war. 

British orders in council destioyed our commerce, and 
our flag was exposed to constant insult. Mr. Madison 
was a man of peace. Scholarly in his taste, retiiing 
ill his disposition, war had no charms for him. But the 
meekest spirit can be roused. It makes one's blood 
boil, even now, to think of an American ship brought 
to, upon the ocean, by the guns of an English cruiser. 
A young lieutenant steps on board and orders the 
crew to be paraded before him. With great nonchal- 
ance he selects any number whom he may please to 
designate as British subjects ; orders them do\in the 
ship's side into his boat; and places them on tSie gun- 
deck of his man-of-war, to fight, by compulsion, the 
battles of England. This right of search and im- 
pressment, no efforts of our Government could induce 
the British cabinet to relinquish. 

On the i8th of June, 1S12, President Madison gave 
his appioval to an act of Congress declaring war 
against Great Britain. Notwithstanding the bitter 
hostility of the Federal party to the war, the country 
in general approved; and Mr. Madison, on the 4th 
of March, i8i3) was re-elected by a large majority, 
and entered upon his second term of office. This is 
not the place to describe the various adventures of 
this war on the land and on the water. Our infant 
navy then laid the foundations of its renown in grap- 
pling with the most formidable power which ever 
swept the seas. The contest commenced in earnest 
by the appearance of a British fleet, early in February, 
18 13, in Chesapeake Bay, declaring nearly the whole 
coast of the United States under blockade. 

The Emperor of Russia offered his services as me 
dilator. America accepted ; England refused. A Brit- 
ish force of five thousand men landed on the banks 
of the Patu.xet River, near its entrance into Chesa- 
peake Bay, and marched rapidly, by way of Bladens- 
burg, upon Washington. 

The straggling little city of Washington was thrown 
into consternation. The cannon of the brief conflict 
at Bladensburg echoed through the streets of the 
metropolis. The whole population fled from the city. 
The President, leaving Mrs. Madison in the White 
House, with her carriage drawn up at the doer to 
await his speedy return, hurried to meet the officers 
in a council of war. He met our troops utterly routed, 
and he could not go back without danger of Ijeing 
captured. But few hours elapsed ere the Presidential 
Mansion, the Capitol, and all the public buildings in 
Washington were in flames. 

The war closed after two years of fighting, and on 
Feb. 13, 1815, the treaty of peace was signed aiGhent. 

On the 4th of March, 18 17, his second term of 
office expired, and he resigned the Presidential chair 
to his friend, James Monroe. He retired to his beau- 
tiful home at Montpelier, and there passed the re- 
mainder of his days. On June 28, 1836, then at the 
age of 85 years, he fell asleep in death. Mrs. Madi- 
son died July 12, 1849. 





WW& n]01]ItOE. 

AMES MONROE, the fifth 
J'residtntof The United States, 
was born in Westmoreland Co., 
Va., April 28, 1758. His early 
life was passed at the place of 
nativity. His ancestors had for 
many years resided in tlie prov- 
ince in which he was born. ^Vhell, 
at 17 years of age, in the process 
of completing his education at 
William and Mary College, the Co- 
lonial Congress assembled at Phila- 
delphia to deliberate upon the un- 
just and manifold oppressions of 
tireat Britian, declared the separa- 
tion of the Colonies, and promul- 
gated the Declaration of Indejjen- 
dence. Had he been born ten years before it is highly 
probable that he would have been one of the signers 
of that celebrated instrument. At this time he left 
school and enlisted among the patriots. 

He joined the army when everything looked hope- 
less and gloomy. The number of deserters increased 
from day to day. The invading armies came pouring 
in ; and the tories not only favored the cause of the 
mother country, but disheartened the new recruits, 
who were sufficiently terrified at the prospect of con- 
tending witli an enemy whom they had been taught 
to deem invincible. To such l.)rave spirits as James 
Monroe, who went right onward, undismayed through 
difficulty and danger, the United States owe their 
political emancipation. The young cadet joined the 
ranks, and espoused the cause of his injured country, 
with a firm determination to live or die with her strife 



for liberty. Firmly )et sadly he shared in the mel- 
ancholy retreat from Harleam Heights and White 
Plains, and acconqjanied the dispirited army as it fled 
before its foes tlirough New Jersey. In four months 
after the Declaration of Independence, the patriots 
had been beaten in seven battles. At the battle cf 
Trenton he led the vanguard, and, in the act of charg- 
ing upon the enemy he received a wound in the left 

As a reward for his bravery, Mr. Monroe was ])ro- 
moted a captain of infantry; and, having recovered 
from his wound, he rejoined the army. He, hcvvever, 
receded from the line of promotion, by becomin » a;i 
officer in the staff of Lord Sterling. During the cam- 
paigns of 1777 and 1778, in the actions of Lrandy 
wine, Germantown and Monmouth, he continued 
aid-de-camp; but becoming desirous to regain his 
position in the army, he exerted himself to collect a 
regiment for the Virginia line. This scheme failed 
owing to the exhausted condition of the State. Upon 
this failure he entered the office of Mr. Jefferson, at 
that period Governor, and pursued, with considerable 
ardor, the study of common law. He did not, however, 
entirely lay aside the knapsack for the green bag; 
but on the invasions of the enemy, served as avolun.- 
teer, during the two years of his legal pursuits. 

In 1782, he was elected from King George county, 
a member of the Leglislature of Virginia, and by that 
body he was elevated to a seat in the E.xecutive 
Council. He was tlius honored with the confidence 
of his fellow citizens at 23 years of age ; and having 
at this early period displayed some of that ability 
and aptitude for legislation, which were afterwards 
employed with unremittingenergy for the public good, 



member of 

he was in the succeeding year chosen a 
the Congress of the United States. 
Deeply as Mr. MoiiioefL-h the imi)erfeitionsof theold 
Confederacy, he was opposed totlienew Constitution, 
-.hinking, with many others of 'he Republican party, 
shat it gave too much power to the Central Government, 
and not enough to the individual States. Still he re- 
tained the esteem of his friends who were its warm 
supporters, and who, notwithstanding his opposition 
secured its adoption. In 1789, he became a member 
of the United States Senate ; which office he held for 
four years. Every month the line of distinction be- 
tween the two great parties which divided the nation, 
the Federal and the Republican, was growing more 
distinct. The two prominent iaeas which now sep- 
arated them were, that the Republican party was in 
sympathy with France, and also in favor of such a 
strict construction of the Constitution as to give the 
Central Government as little power, and the State 
Governments as much power, as the Constitution would 
warrant. The Federalists sympathized with England, 
and were in favor of a liberal construction of the Con- 
stitution, which would give as much power to the 
Central Government as that document could possibly 

The leading Federalists and Republicans were 
alike noble men, consecrating all their energies to the 
good of the nation. Two more honest men or more 
pure patriots than John Adams the Federalist, and 
Tames Monroe the Republican, never breathed. In 
building up this majestic nation, which is destined 
to eclipse all Grecian and Assyrian greatness, the com- 
bination of their antagonism was needed to create the 
light equilibrium. And yet each in his day was de- 
nounced as almost a demon. 

Washington was then President. England had es- 
ix)used the cause of the Bourbons against the princi- 
ples of the French Revolution. All Europe was drawn 
into the conflict. We were feeble and far away. 
Washington issued a proclamation of neutrality be- 
tween these contending powers. France had helped 
f.s in the struggle for our liberties. All the despotisms 
of Europe were now combined to prevent the French 
from escaping from a tyranny a thousand-fold worse 
thai; that which we had endured. Col. Monroe, more 
raagnanirnous than prudent, was anxious that, at 
whatever hazard, we should help our old allies in 
their extremity. It was the impulse of a generous 
and noble nature. He violently opposed the_ Pres- 
ident's proclamation as ungrateful and wanting in 

Washington, who could appreciate such a character, 
developed his calm, serene, almost divine greatness, 
by appointing that very James Monroe, who was de- 
nouncing the policy of the Government, as the minister 
of that Government to the Republic of France. Mr. 
Monroe was welcomed by the National Converition 
in France with the most enthusiastic demonstrations. 

Shortly after his return to this country, Mr. Mon- 
roe was elected Governor of Virginia, and held the 
office for three yeais. He was again sent to France to 
co-operate with Chancellor Livingston in obtaining 
the vast territory then known as the Province of 
Louisiana, which France had but shortly before ob- 
tained from Spain. Tneir united efforts were suc- 
cessful. For the comparatively small sum of fifteen 
millions of dollars, the entire territory of Orleans and 
district of Louisiana were added to the United States. 
This was probably the largest transfer of real estate 
which was ever made in all the history of the world. 
From France Mr. Monroe went to England to ob- 
tain from that country some recognition of ouv 
rights as neutrals, and to remonstrate against those 
odious impressments of our seamen. But Eng- 
land was unrelenting. He again returned to Eng- 
land on the same mission, but could receive no 
redress. He returned to his home and was again 
chosen Governor of Virginia. This he soon resigned 
to accept the position of Secretary of State under 
Madison. While in this office war with England was 
declared, the Secretary of War resigned, and during 
these trying times, the duties of the War Department 
were also put upon him. He was truly the armor- 
bearer of President Madison, and the most efficient 
business man in his cabinet. Upon the return of 
peace he resigned the Department of War, but con- 
tinued in the office of Secretary of State until the e.\- 
piration of Mr. Madison's adminstration. At the elec 
tion held the previous autumn Mr. Monroe himself had 
been chosen President with but little opposition, and 
upon March 4, 1S17, was inaugurated. Four years 
later he was elected for a second term. 

Among the important measures of his Presidency 
were the cession of Florida to the United States; the 
Missouri Compromise, and the "Monroe doctrine.'" 
This famous doctrine, since known as the " Monroe 
doctrine," was enunciated by him in 1823. At that 
time the United States had recognized the independ- 
ence of the South American states, and did not wish 
to have European powers longer attempting to sub- 
due portionsof the American Continent. The doctrine 
is as follows: "That we should consider any attempt 
on the part of European powers to extend their sys- 
tem to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous 
to our peace and safety," and "that we could not 
view any interposition for the purpose of oppressing 
or controlling American governments or provinces in 
any other light than as a manifestation by European 
powers of an unfriendly disposition toward the United 
States." This doctrine immediately affected the course 
of foreign governments, and has become the approved 
sentiment of the United States. 

At the end of his second term MrMonroe retired 
to his home in Virginia, where he lived until 1830, 
when he went to New York to live with his son-in- 
law. In that city he died.on the 4'li of .T"ly, 1831 

J , <il ^ iMclojnxS 





sixth President of the United 
■-•> Stales, was born in the rural 
home of his honored father. 
Jolm Adains,in Quincy, Mass., 
oil the I Uh cf July, 1767. His 
mother, a woman of exalted 
worth, watched over his childhood 
during the ahnost constant ab- 
sence of his father. When but 
A eight years of age, he stood with 
" his mother on an eminence, listen- 
ing to the booming of the great bat- 
tle on Bunker's Hill, and gazing on 
upon the smoke and flames billow- 
ing up from the conflagration of 

When but eleven years old he 
took a tearful adieu of his mother, 
to sail with his fainer for Europe, 
through a fleet ol hostile British cruisers. The bright, 
animated boy spent a year and a half in Paris, where 
his father was associated with Franklin and Lee as 
minister plenipotentiary. His intelligence attracted 
the notice of these distinguislied men, and he received 
from them flattering marks of attention. 

Mr. John Adams had scarcely returned to this 
cou.-try, in 1779, ere he was again sent abroad. Again 
ol.A Quincy accompanied his father. At Paris he 
applied himself with great diligence, for six months, 
to jtudy; then accompained his father to Holland, 
vmere he entered, first a school in .Amsterdam, then 
the University at Leyden. About a year from this 
time, in 1781, when the manly boy was but fourteen 
yea", of age, he was selected by Mr. Dana, our min- 
ister to the Russian court, as his private secretary. 

In this school of incessant labor and of enobling 
culture he spent fourteen months, and then returned 
to Holland through Sweden, Denmark, Hamburg and 
Bremen. This long journey he took alone, in the 
winter, when in his sixteenth year. Again he resumed 
his studies, under a private tutor, at Hague. Thence. 

in the spring of 1782, he accompanied his father in 
Paris, traveling leisurely, and forming acquaintance 
with the most distinguished men on the Con'incnt; 
examining arcnitectural reinains, galleries of paintings, 
and all renowned works of art. At Paris he again 
became associated with the most illustrious men of 
all lands in the contemplations of the loftiest temporal 
themes which can engross the human mind. Afte- 
a short visit to England he returned to Paris, ana 
consecrated all his energies to study until May, 1785, 
when he returned to America. To a brilliant young 
man of eighteen, who had seen much of the world, 
and who was familiar with the etiquette of courts, a 
residence with his father in London, under such cir- 
cumstances, must have been extremely attractive 
but with judgment very rare in one of his age, he pre- 
ferred to return to America to complete his education 
in an American college. He wished then to study 
law, that with an honorable jirofession, he might be 
able to obtain an independent support. 

Upon leaving Harvard College, at theageof twentj- 
he studied law for three years. In June, 1794, be- 
ing then but twenty-seven years of age, he was ap- 
pointed by Washington, resident minister at the 
Netherlands. Sailing from Boston in July, he reachea 
London in October, where he was immediately admit- 
ted to the deliberations of Messrs. Jay and Pinckney, 
assisting them in Jiegotiating a commercial treat v with 
Great Brilian. After thus spending a fortnigtit in 
London, he proceeded to the Hague. 

In July, 1797, he left the Hague logo to Portugal as 
minister plenipotentiary. On his way to Portugal, 
upon arriving in London, he met with despatches 
directing him to the court of Beiiin, but requesting 
him to remain in London until he should receive his 
instructions. While wr.iting he was mairied to an 
American lady to whom he had been previously en- 
gaged, — Miss Louisa Catherine Johnson, daughter 
of Mr. Joshua Johnson, American consul in london; 
a lady eiidownd with that beauty and those accom- 
plishment which eminently fitted her to move in the 
elevated sphere for which she w£is destined. 



He reached Berlin with his wife in November, 1797 ; 
where he remained until July, 1799, when, having ful- 
filled all the purposes of his mission, he solicited his 

Soon after his return, in 1802, he was chosen to 
Ihe Senate of Massachusetts, from Boston, and then 
was elected Senator of the United States for six years, 
from the 4th of March, 1804. His reputation, his 
ability and his experience, placed him immediately 
among the most prominent and influential members 
of that body. Esi)ecially did he sustain the Govern- 
ment in its measures of resistance to the encroach- 
ments of England, destroying our commerce and in- 
sulting our flag. Tiiere was no man in America more 
familiar with the arrogance of the British court upon 
these jxjints, and no one more resolved to present 
a firm resistance. 

In 1809, Madison succeeded Jefferson in the Pres- 
idential chair, and he immediately nominated John 
Quincy Adams minister to St. Petersburg. Resign- 
ing his professorship in Harvard College, he embarked 
at Boston, in August, 1809. 

While in Russia, Mr. Adams was an intense stu- 
dent. He devoted his attention to the language and 
history of Russia; to the Chinese trade; to the 
European system of weights, measures, and coins ; to 
the climate and astronomical observations ; while he 
Kept up a familiar acquaintance with the Greek and 
Latin classics. In all the universities of Europe, a 
more accomplished scholar could scarcely be found. 
All through life the Bible constituted an important 
part of his studies. It was his rule to read five 
chapters every day. 

On the 4th of March, 1817, Mr. Monroe took the 
Presidential chair, and immediately appointed Mr. 
Adams Secretary of State. Taking leave of his num- 
erous friends in public and private life in Europe, he 
sailed in June, 1819, for the United States. On the 
i8th of August, he again crossed the threshold of his 
home in Quincy. During the eight years of Mr. Mon- 
roe's administration, Mr, Adams continued Secretary 
of State. 

Some time before the close of Mr. Monroe's second 
term of office, new candidates began to be presented 
for the Presidency. The friends of Mr. Adams brought 
forward his name. It was an exciting campaign. 
Party spirit was never more bitter. Two hundred and 
sixty electoral votes were cast. Andrew Jackson re- 
ceived ninety-nine; John Quincy Adams, eighty-four; 
William H. Crawford, forty-one; Henry Clay, thirty- 
se\fen. As there was no choice by the people, the 
question went to the House of Representatives. Mr. 
Clay gave the vote of Kentucky to Mr. Adams, and 
he was elected. 

The friends of all the disappointed candidates now 
combined in a venomous and persistent assault upon 
Mr. Adams. There is nothing more disgraceful in 
*-hp nast history of our country than the abuse which 

was poured in one uninterrupted stream, upon this 
high-minded, upright, patriotic man. There never was 
an administration more pure in principles, more con- 
scientiously devoted to the best interests of the coun- 
try, than that of John Quincy Adams; and never, per- 
haps, was there an administration more unscrupu- 
lously and outrageously assailed. 

Mr. Adams was, to a very remarkable degree, ab- 
stemious and temperate in his habits; always rising 
early, and taking much exercise. \N hen at his home in 
Quincy, he has been known to walk, before breakfast, 
seven miles to Boston. In Washington, it was said 
that he was the first man up in the city, lighting his 
own fire and applying hitiiself to work in his library 
often long before dawn. 

On the 4th of March, 1829, Mr. Adams retired 
from the Presidency, and was succeeded by Andrew- 
Jackson. John C. Calhoun was elected Vice Presi- 
dent. The slavery question now began to assume 
lX)rtentous magnitude. Mr. Adams returned to 
Quincy and to his studies, which he jjursued with un- 
abated zeal. But he was not long [jermitted to re- 
main in retirement. In November, 1830, he was 
elected representative to Congress. For seventeen 
years, until his deatli, he occupied the post as repre- 
sentative, towering above all his peers, ever ready to 
do brave battle' for freedom, and winning the title of 
"the old man eloquent." Upon taking his seat in 
the House, he announced that he should hold him- 
self bound to no party. Probably there never was a 
member more devoted to his duties. He was usually 
the first in his place in the morning, and the last to 
leave his seat in the evening. Not a measure could 
be brought forward and escape his scrutiny. 1 he 
battle which Mr. Adams fought, almost singly, against 
the proslavery party in the Government, was sublime 
in Its moral daiing and heroism. For persisting in 
presenting petitions for the abolition of slavery, he 
was threatened with indictment by the grand jury, 
with expulsion from the House, with assassination; 
but no threats could intimidate him, and his final 
triumph was complete. 

It has been said of President Adams, that when his 
body was bent and his hair silvered by the lapse of 
fourscore years, yielding to the simple faith of a little 
child, he was accustomed to repeat every night, before 
he slept, the prajer which his mother taught him in 
his infant years. 

On the 2 1 St of February, 1848, he rose on the floor 
of Congress, with a paper in his hand, to address the 
speaker. Suddenly he fell, again stricken by paraly- 
sis, and was caught in the arms of those around him. 
For a time he was senseless, as he was conveyed to 
the sofa in the rotunda. With reviving conscious- 
ness, he opened his eyes, looked calmly around and 
said " This is the end of earth ;"then after a moment's 
liause he added, ^^ I am content" These were the 
last words of the grand " Old Man Eloquent." 


^ ^^- :^,:f^l^ _ 

- >-'>1 







lpspj)5C^s«=^ sw5^^>»^^wreTnA- aHjf^Si' 

^L\enth President of the 
United States, was born in 
\\ -ixhaw settlement, N. C, 
March 15, 1767, a few days 
after his father's death. His 
paienls were poor emigrants 
fiom Ireland, and took up 
their abode in Waxhaw set- 
tlement, where they lived in 
deepest poverty, 
Andrew, or Andy, as he was 
universally called, grew up a very 
rough, rude, turbulent boy. His 
features were coarse, his form un- 
gainly; and there was but very 
little in his character, made visible, which was at- 

When only thirteen years old he joined the volun- 
teers of Carolina against the British invasion. In 
i7Sr, he and his brother Robert were captured and 
imprisoned for a time at Camden. A British officer 
ordered him to brush his mud-spattered boots. " I am 
a prisoner of war, not your servant," was the reply of 
the dauntless boy. 

The brute drew his sword, and aimed a desperate 
Dlow at the head of the helpless young prisoner. 
Andrew raised his hand, and thus received two fear- 
ful gashes, — one on the hand and the other upon the 
head. The officer theii turned to his lirother Robert 
with the same demand. He also refused, and re- 
ceived a blow from the keen-edged sabre, which iiuite 
disabled him, and which probably soon after caused 
his death. They suffered much other ill-treatment, and 
were finally stricken with the small-pox. Their 
mother was successful in obtaining their exchanjje. 

and took her sick boys home. After a long illness 
Andrew recovered, and the death of his mother ;ooii 
left him entirely friendless. 

Andrew supported himself in various ways, s i:.h as 
working at the saddler's trade, teaching school and 
clerking in a general store, until 1784, when he 
entered a law office at Salisbury, N. C. He, however, 
gave more ;tttentioii to the wild amusements of the 
times than to his studies. In 1788, he was appointed 
solicitor for the western district of North Carolina, of 
which Tennessee was then a part. This involved 
many long and tedious journeys amid dangers of 
every kind, but Andrew Jackson never knew feiir, 
and the Indians had no desire to repeat a skirmish 
witn the Sharp Knife. 

In 1791, Mr. Jackson was married to a woman who 
supposed herself divorced from her former husband. 
Great was the surprise of both parties, two years later, 
to find that the conditions of the divorce had just been 
definitely settled by the first husband. The marriage 
ceremony was performed a second time, but the occur- 
rence was often used by his enemies to bring Mr. 
Jackson into disfavor. 

During these years he worked hard at his profes- 
sion, and frequently had one or more duels on hand, 
one of which, when he killed Dickenson, was espec- 
ially disgraceful. 

In January, 1796, the Territory of Tennessee then 
containing nearly eighty thousand inhabitants, the 
people met in convention at Knoxville to frame a con- 
stitution. Five were sent from each of the eleven 
counties, .\ndrew Jackson was one of the delegates. 
The new State was entitled to but one member in 
the National House of Representatives. Andrew Jack- 
son was chosen that member. Mounting his horse he 
rode to Philedelphia, where Congress then held its 



sesjio:i5, — a distance of about eight hundred miles. 

Jackson was an earnest advocate of the Dcmo- 
cr.itic party. Jefferson was his idol. He admired 
Bonaparte, loved France and hated England. As Mr. 
Jackson took his seal, Gen. Washington, whose 
second term of office was then e.xpiiing, delivered his 
last speech to Congress. A committee drew up a 
complimentary address in reply. Andrew Jackson 
did not approve of the address, and was one of the 
twelve wlio voted against it. He was not willing to 
say that Gen. Washington's adminstration had been 
" wise, firm and patriotic." 

Mr. Jackson was elected to the United States 
Senate in 1797, but soon resigned and returned home. 
Soon after he was chosen Judge of the Supreme Court 
of his State, which position he held f^r six years. 

When the war of 1812 with Great Britian com- 
menced, Madison occupied the Presidential chair. 
Aaron B.irr sent word to the President that there was 
an unknown man in the West, Andrew Jackson, who 
would do credit to a commission if one were con- 
ferred upon him. Just at that time Gen. Jackson 
offered his services and those of twenty-five liundred 
volunteers. His offer was accej)ted, and the troops 
were assembled at Nashville. 

As the British were hourly expected to make an at- 
tack r.p'jn New Orleans, where Gen Wilkinson was 
in command, he was ordered to descend the river 
with fifteen hundred troops to aid Wilkinson. The 
expedition reached Natchez; and after a delay of sev- 
eral weeks there, without accomplishing anything, 
the men were ordered Liack to their homes. But the 
energy Gen. Jackson had displayed, and his entire 
devotion to the comrfort of his soldiers, won him 
golden opinions; and he became the most popular 
man in the State. It was in this expedition that his 
toughness gave him the nickname of" Old Hickory. ' 

Soon after this, while attempting to horsewhip Col. 
Thomas H. Benton, for a remark that gentleman 
made about his taking a part as second in a duel, in 
which a younger brother of Benton's was eijgaged, 
he received two severe pistol wounds. While he was 
lingering upon a Ijed of suffering news came that the 
I:idians, who had combined under Tecumseh from 
Florida to the Lakes, to exterminate the white set- 
.lers, were committing the most awful ravages. De- 
cisive action became necessary. Gen. Jackson, with 
his fractured bone just beginning to heal, his arm in 
a sling, and unable to mount his horse without assis- 
tance, gave his amazing energies to the raising of an 
army to rendezvous at FayettesviUe, .\labama. 

The Creek Indians had established a strong fort on 
one of the bends of the Tallauoosa River, near the cen- 
ter of Alabama, about fifty miles below Fort Strother. 
With an army of two thousand men. Gen. Jackson 
traversed the pathless wilderness in a march of eleven 
days. He reached their fort, called Tohopeka or 
Horse-shoe, on tlie 27th of March. 1814. The bend 

of the river enclosed nearly one hundred acres of 
tangled forest and wild ravine. Across the narrow 
neck the Indians had constructed a formidable breast- 
work of logs and brush. Here nine hundred warriors, 
with an ample suplyof arms were assembled. 

The fort was stormed. The fight was uticrl) des- 
perate. Not an Indian would accept of quarter. \Vhen 
bleeding and dying, they would fight those who en- 
deavored to spare their lives. From ten in the morn- 
ing until dark, the battle raged. The carnage was 
awful and revolting. Some threw themselves into the 
river; but the unerring bullet struck their heads as 
they swam. Nearly everyone of the nine hundred war- 
rios were killed A few probably, in the night, swam 
the river and escaped. This ended the war. The 
power of the Creeks was brokeii forever. This bold 
plunge into the wilderness, with its terriffic slaughter, 
so appalled the savages, that the haggard remnants 
of the bands caiue to the camp, begging for peace. 

This closing of the Creek war enabled us to con- 
centrate all our militia upon the British, who were the 
allies of the Indians No man of less resolute will 
than Gen. Jackson could have conducted this Indian 
campaign to so successful an issue Immediately he 
was appointed major-general. 

Late in .\ugust, with an army of two thousand 
men, on a rushing march. Gen. Jackson came to 
Mobile. A British fleet came from Pensacola, landed 
a force upon the beach, anchored near the little fort, 
and from both ship and shore commenced a furious 
assaidt. The battle was long and doubtful. At length 
one of the ships was blown up and the rest retired. 

Garrisoning Mobile, where he had taken his little 
army, he moved his troops to New Orleans, 
And the battle of New Orleans which soon ensued, 
was in reality a ver)' arduous campaign. This won 
for Gen. Jackson an imperishable name. Here his 
troops, which numbered about four thousand men, 
won a signal victory over the British army of about 
nine thousand. His loss was but thirteen, while the 
loss of the British was two thousand six hundred. 

The name of Gen. Jackson soon began to be men- 
tioned in connection with the Presidency, but, in 1824, 
he was defeated by Mr. Adams. He was, however, 
successful in the election of 1828, and was re-elected 
for a second term in 1832. In 1829, just before he 
assumed the reins of the government, he met with 
the most terrible affliction of his life in the death of 
his wife, whom he had loved with a devotion which has 
perhaps never been surpassed. From the shock of 
her death he never recovered. 

His administration was one of the most memorable 
in the annals of our country; applauded by one party, 
condemned by the other. No man had more bitter 
enemies or warmer friends. At the expiration of his 
two terms of office he retired to the Hermitage, where 
he died June 8, 1845. The last years of Mr. Jack- 
son's life were that of a devoted Christian man. 

\ W.; 


"? '7 2^ZJ^. ^-Z^^ U^^^^^^L^ 





eighth President of tlie 

United States, was born at 

Kinderhook, N. Y., Dec. 5, 

1782. He died at the same 

place, July 24, 1862. His 

body rests in the cemetery 

at Kinderhook. Above it is 

a plain granite shaft fifteen feet 
*<% ^ . ■ . . . ■ 

high, bearing a simple inscription 

Yfk about half way up on one face. 

™ The lot is unfenced, unbordered 

or unbounded by shrub or flower. 

There is but little in the life of Martin Van Buren 
of romantic interest. He fought no battles, engaged 
in no wild adventures. Though his life was stormy in 
political and intellectual conflicts, and he gained many 
signal victories, his days passed uneventful in those 
incidents which give zest to biography. His an- 
cestors, as his name indicates, were of Dutch origin, 
and were among the earliest emigrants from Holland 
to the banks of the Hudson. His father was a farmer, 
residing in the old town of Kinderhook. His mother, 
also of Dutch lineage, was a woman of superior intel- 
ligence and exemplary piety. 

He was decidedly a precocious boy, developing un- 
usual activity, vigor and strength of mind. At the 
age of fourteen, he had finished his academic studies 
in his native village, and commenced the study of 
law. As he had not a collegiate education, seven 
years of study in a law-office were required of him 
before he could be admitted to the bar. Inspired with 
a lofty ambition, and conscious of his powers, he pur- 
sued his studies with indefatigable industry. After 
ajiending six ye.nrs in an office in his native village, 

he went to the city of New York, and prosecuted his 
studies for the seventh year. 

In 1803, Mr. Van Buren, then twenty-one years of 
age, commenced the practice of law in his native vil- 
lage. The great conflict between tlie Federal and 
Republican party was then at its height. Mr. Van 
Buren v.'as from the beginning a politician. He had, 
perhaps, imbibed that spirit while listenjp.ig to the 
many discussions which had been carried on in his 
father's hotel. He was in cordial sympathy with 
Jefferson, and earnestly and eloquently espoused the 
cause of State Rights; though at thai time the Fed- 
eral party held the supremacy both in his town 
and State. 

His success and increasing ruputation led him 
after six years of practice, to remove to Hudson, th. 
county seat of his county. Here he spent seven years 
constantly gaining strength by contending in tht 
courts with some of the ablest men who have adorned 
the bar of his State. 

Just before leaving Kinderhook for Hudson, Mi. 
Van Buren married a lady alike distinguished for 
beauty and accomplishments. After twelve short 
years she sank into the grave, the victim of consump- 
tion, leaving her husband and four sons to weep over 
her loss. For twenty-five years, Mr. Van Buren was 
an earnest, successful, assiduous lawyer. The record 
of those years is barren in items of public interest. 
In 181 2, when thirty years of age, he was chosen to 
the State Senate, and gave his strenuous support to 
Mr. Madison's adminstration. In 1S15, he was ap- 
pointed .Attorney-General, and the ne.xt year moved 
to .Albany, the capital of the State. 

'iVhile he was acknowledged us one of the most 
p omineut leaders of the Democratic twrty, he had 



the moral courage to avow that true democracy did 
not require that " universal suffrage" which admits 
the vile, the degraded, the ignorant, to the right of 
governing the State. In true consistency with his 
democratic principles, he contended that, while the 
path leading to the privilege of voting should be open 
to every man without distinction, no one siiould be 
invested with that sacred prerogative, unless he were 
in some degree qualified for it by intelligence, virtue 
and some iHoperty interests in the welfare of the 

In 182 1 he was elected a member of the United 
States Senate; and in the same year, he took a seat 
in the convention to revise the constitution of his 
native State. His course in this convention secured 
ihe approval of men of all parties. No one could 
doubt the singleness of his endeavors to promote the 
interests of all classes in the community. In the 
Senate of the United States, he rose a't once to a 
conspicuous position as an active and useful legislator. 

In 1827, John Quincy Adams being then in the 
Presidential chair, Mr. Van Buren was re-elected to 
ihe Senate. He had been from the beginning a de- 
termined opposer of the Administration, adopting the 
"State Rights" view in opposition to what was 
deemed the Federal proclivities of Mr. Adams. 

Soon after this, in 1828, he was chosen Governorof 
the State of New York, and accordingly resigned his 
seat in the Senate. Proljably no one in the United 
States contributed so much towards ejecting John Q. 
Adams from the Presidential chair, and placing in it 
Andrew Jackson, as did Martin Van Buren. Whether 
entitled to the reputation or not, he certainly was re- 
g.irded throughout the United States as one of the 
most skillful, sagacious and cunning of politicians, 
't was supposed that no one knew so well as he how 
.0 touch the secret springs of action; how to pull all 
Jie wires to put his machinery in motion ; and how to 
organize a political army which would, secredy and 
stealthily accomplish the most gigantic results. By 
these powers it is said that he outv.'itted Mr. Adams, 
Mr. Clay, Mr. Webster, and secured results which 
few thought then could be accomplished. 

When Andrew Jackson was elected President he 
appointed Mr. Van Buren Secretary of State. "J'his 
position he resigned in 1831, and was immediately 
appointed Minister to England, where he went the 
same autumn. The Senate, however, when it met, 
refused to ratify the nomination, and he returned 

home, apparently untroubled; was nominated Vice 
President in the place of Calhoun, at the re-election 
of President Jackson; and with smiles for all and 
fiowns for none, he took his place at the head of that 
Senate which had refused to confirm his nomination 
as ambassador. 

His rejection by the Senate roused all the zeal of 
President Jackson in behalf of his repudiated favor- 
ite ; and this, probably more than any other cause, 
secured his elevation to the chair of the Chief Execu- 
tive. On the 20th of May, 1836, Mr. Van Buren re- 
ceived the Democratic nomination to succeed Gen. 
Jackson as President of the United States. He was 
elected by a handsome majority, to the delight of the 
retiring President. " Leaving New York out of the 
canvass," says Mr. Parton, "the election of Mr. Van 
Buren to the Presidency was as much the act of Gen. 
Jackson as though the Constitution had conferred 
upon him the power to appoint a successor." 

His administration was filled with exciting events. 
The insurrection in Canada, which threatened to in 
volve this country in war with England, the agitation 
of the slavery question, and finally the great commer- 
cial panic which spread over the country, all were 
trials to his wisdom. The financial distress was at- 
tributed to the management of the Democratic party, 
and brought the President into such disfavor that he 
failed of re election. 

With the exception of being nominated for the 
Presidency by the "Free Soil" Democrats, in 184S, 
Mr. Van Buren lived quietly upon his estate until 
his death. 

He had ever been a prudent man, of frugal habits, 
and living within his income, had now fortunately a 
competence for his declining years. His unblemished 
character, his commanding abilities, his unquestioned 
jjatriotism, and the distinguished positions which he 
had occupied in the government of our country, se- 
cured to him not only the homage of his party, but 
the respect ot the whole community. It was on the 
4th of March, t84r, that Mr. Van Buren retired from 
the presidency. From his fine estate at Lindenwald^ 
he still exerted a powerful influence upon the politics 
of the country. From this time until his death, on 
the 24th of July, 1862, at the age of eighty years, he 
resided at Lindenwald, a gentleman of leisure, of 
culture and of wealth; enjoying in a healtliy old 
age, probably far more hapjrtness than he had before 
experienced amid the stormy scenes of his active life. 



^ /j^J^a^iA^- 




wiMMM Km mmi^ii. 




SON, the ninth President of 
the United States, was born 
at Berkeley, Va., Feb. 9, 1773. 
His father, Benjamin Harri- 
son, was in comparatively op- 
ulent circumstances, and was 
one of the most distinguished 
men of his day. He was an 
intimate friend of George 
Washington, was early elected 
a member of the Continental 
Congress, and was conspicuous 
among the patriots of Virginia in 
resisting the encroachments of the 
British crown. In the celebrated 
Congress of 1775, Benjamin Har- 
rison and John Hancock were 
l>oth candidates for the office of 

iVIr Harrison was subsequently 
chosen Governor of Virginia, and 
was twice re-elected. His son, 
i William Henry, of course enjoyed 

in childhood all the advantages which wealth and 
intellectual and cultivated society could give. Hav- 
ing received a tliorough common-school education, he 
entered Hampden Sidney College, where he graduated 
with honor soon after the death of his father. He 
-hen repaired to Philadelphia tostudy medicine under 
the instructions of Dr. Rush and the guardianship of 
Robert Morris, both of whom were, with his father, 
signers of ilic Declaration of Independence. 

Upon the oullireak of the Indian troubles, and not- 
withstanding the remonstrances of his friends, he 
abandoned his medical studies and entered the army, 
having ol^tained a commission of Ensign from Presi- 


dent Washington. He was then but 19 years old. 
From that time he passed gradually upward in rank 
until he became aid to General Wayne, after whose 
death he resigned his commission. He was then aj)- 
pointed Secretary of the North-western Territory. This 
Territory was then entitled to but one member in 
Congress and Capt. Harrison was chosen to fill that 

In the spring of 1800 the North-western Territory 
was divided by Congress into two portions. The 
eastern portion, comprising the region now embraced 
in the State of Ohio, was called '' The Territory 
north-west of the Ohio." The western portion, which 
included what is now called Indiana, Illinois and 
Wisconsin, was called the "Indiana Territory." Wil- 
liam Henry Harrison, then 27 years of age, was a])- 
pointed by John Adams, Governor of the Indiana 
Territory, and immediately after, also Governor of 
Upper Louisiana. He was thus ruler over almost as 
extensive a realm as any sovereign upon the globe. He 
was Superintendent of Indian Affairs, and was in- 
vested with powers nearly dictatorial over the now 
rapidly increasing white population. The ability and 
fidelity with which he discharged these responsible 
duties may be inferred from the fact that he was four 
times appointed to this office — first by John Adams, 
twice by Thomas Jefferson and afterwards by Presi- 
dent Madison. 

When he began his adminstration there were but 
three white settlements in that almost boundless region, 
now crowded with cities and resounding with all the 
tumult of wealth and traffic. Oneof these settlements 
was on the Ohio, nearly opposite Louisville; one at 
Vincennes, on the Wabash, and the third a French 

The vast wilderness over which Gov. Harnsci. 
reigned was filled with many tribes of Indians. Abou' 



the year 1806, two extraordinary mer, twin brothers, 
of the Shawnese tribe, rose among them. One of 
these was called Tecuraseh, or " The Crouching 
Panther;" the other, Olliwacheca, or "'l"he Prophet." 
Tecumseh was not only an Indian warrior, but a man 
of great sagacity, far-reaching foresight and indomit- 
able perseverance in any enterprise m which he might 
engage. He was inspired with the liighest enthusiasm, 
and liad long regarded with dread and with hatred 
the encroachment of the whites upon the hunting- 
grounds of his fathers. His brother, the Prophet, was 
anorator, who could sway the feelings of the untutored 
Indian as the gale tossed the tree-tops beneath which 
they dwelt. 

But the Prophet was not merely an orator: he was, 
i.i the superstitious minds of tiie Indians, invested 
with the superhuman dignity of a medicine-man or a 
magician. With an enthusiasm unsurpassed by Peter 
the Hermit rousing Europe to the crusades, he went 
from tribe to tribe, assuming that he was specially sent 
by the Great Spirit. 

Gov. Harrison made many attempts to conciliate 
the Indians, but at last the war came, and at Tippe- 
canoe the Indians were routed with great slaughter. 
October 28, 18 12, his army began its march. When 
near the Prophet's town three Indians of rank made 
their appearance and inquired why Gov. Harrison was 
approaching them in so hostile an attitude. After a 
short conference, arrangements were made for a meet- 
ing the next day, to agree upon terms of peace. 

But Gov. Harrison was too well acquainted with 
the Indian character to be deceived by such protes- 
tations Selecting a favorable spot for his night's en- 
campment, he took every precaution against surprise 
His troops were posted in a hollow square, and slept 
upon their arms. 

The troops threw themselves upon the ground for 
rest; but every man had his accourtrements on, his 
loaded musket by his side, and his bayonet fixed. The 
wakeful Governor, lietween three and four o'clock in 
the morning, had risen, and was sitting in conversa- 
tion with his aids by the embers of a waning fire. It 
was a chill, cloudy morning with a drizzling rain. In 
the darkness, the Indians had crept as near as possi- 
ble, and just then, with a savage yell, rushed, with all 
tlie desperation which superstition and passion most 
highly inflamed could give, upon the left flank of the 
little army. The savages had been amply provided 
with guns and ammunition by the English. Their 
war-whoop was accompained by a shower of bullets. 

The camp-fires were instantly extinguished, as the 
light aided the Indians in their aim. With hide- 
tus yells, the Indian bands rushed on, not 
speedy and an entire victory^ But Gen. Harrison's 
troops stood as immovable as the rocks around them 
until day dawned : they then made a simultaneous 
charge with the bayonet, and swept every thing be- 
fore them, and completely routing the foe. 

Gov. Harrison now had all his energies tasked 
to the utmost. The British descending from the Can - 
adas, were of themselves a very formidable force ; but 
with their savage allies, rusliing like wolves from the 
forest, searching out every remote farm-house, burn- 
ing, plundering, scalping, torturing, the wide frontier 
was plunged into a state of consternation which even 
the most vivid imagination can but faintly conceive. 
The war-wlioop was resounding everywhere in the 
forest. The horizon was illuminated with the conflagra- 
tion of the cabins of the settlers. Gen Hull had made 
the ignominious surrender of his forces at Detroit. 
Under these despairing circumstances. Gov. Harrison 
was appointed by President Madison commander-in- 
chief of the North-western army, with orders to retake 
Detroit, and to protect the frontiers. 

It would be difficult to place a man in a situation 
demanding more energy, sagacity and courage; but 
General Harrison was found equal to the position, 
and nobly and triumphantly did he meet all the re 

He won the love of his soldiers by ab.vays sharinp 
with them their fatigue. His whole baggage, while 
pursuing the foe up the Thames, was carried in a 
valise; and his bedding consisted of a single blanket 
lashed over his saddle Thirty-five British officers, 
his prisoners of war, supped with him after the battle. 
The only fare he could give them was beef roasted 
before the fire, without bread or salt. 

Ill 18 16, Gen. Harrison was chosen a member ol 
the National House of Representatives, to represent 
the District of Ohio. In Congress he proved an 
active member; and whenever he s[X)kc, it was with 
force of reason and power of eloquence, which arrested 
the attention of all the members. 

In 1819, Harrison was elected to the Senate of 
Ohio; and in 1824, as one of the presidential electors 
of that State, he gave liis vote for Henry Clay. The 
same year he was chosen to the United States Senate. 

In 1836, the friends of Gen. Harrison lirought him 
forward as a candidate for the Presidency against 
Van Buren, but he was defeated. At the close of 
Mr. Van Buren's term, he was re-nominated by his 
party, and Mr. Harrison was unanimously nominated 
by the Whigs, with John Tyler for the Vice President y. 
The contest was very animated. Gen Jackson gave 
all his influence to prevent Harrison's election ; but 
his triumph was signal. 

The cabinet which he forn;ied, with Daniel Webster 
at its head as Secretary of State, was one of the most 
brilliant with which any President had ever been 
surrounded. Never were the prospects of an admin- 
istration more flattering, or the hopes of the country 
more sanguine. In the midst of these bright and 
joyous prospects. Gen. Harrison was seized by a 
pleurisy-fever and after a few daj's of violent sick- 
ness, died on the 4th of April ; just one month after 
his inauguration as President of the United States. 





OHN TYLER, the tenth 
, Presidentof the United States. 
He was born in Charles-city 
Co., Va., March 29, 1790. He 
was the favored cliild of af- 
fluence and high social po- 
sition. At the earlj- age of 
twelve, John entered William 
and Mary College and grad- 
uated with much honor when 
but seventeen years old. After 
graduating, he devoted him- 
self with great assiduity to the 
study of law, partly with his 
father and p.irtly with Edmund 
Kr Randolph, one of the most distin- 
guished lawyers of Virginia. 

At nineteen years of age, ne 
commenced the practice of law. 
His success was rapid and aston- 
ishing. It is said that three 
months had not elapsed ere there 
was scarcely a case on the dock- 
et of the court in which lie was 
not retained. When but twenty-one years of age, he 
was almost unanimously elected to a seat in the State 
Lagiflature. He connected himself with the Demo- 
cratic party, and warmly advocated the measures of 
Jefferson and Madison. For five successive years he 
was elected to the Legislature, receiving nearly the 
unanimous vote or his county. 

When but twenty-six years of age, he was elected 
a member of Congress. Here he acted earnestly and 
ably with tlie Democratic party, op.ijosing a national 
bank, internal improvements by the General Govern- 

ment, a protective tariff, and advocating a strict con- 
struction of the Constitution, and the most careful 
vigilance over State rights. His labors in Congress 
were so arduous that before the close of his second 
term \\i found it necessary to resign and retire to his 
estate in Charles-city Co., to recruit his health. He, 
however, soon after consented to take his seat in the 
State Legislature, where his influence was powerful 
in promoting public works of great utility. With a 
reputation thus canstantly increasing, he was chosen 
by a very large majority of votes. Governor of his 
native State. His administration was signally a suc- 
cessful one. His popularity secured his re-election. 

John Randolph, a brilliant, erratic, half-crazed 
man, then represented Virginia in the Senate of the 
United States. A portion of the Democratic party 
was displeased with Mr. Randolph's wayward course, 
and brought forward John Tyler as his opponent, 
considering him the only man in Virginia of sufficient 
popularity to succeed against the renowned orator of 
Roanoke. Mr. Tyler was the victor. 

In accordance with his professions, upon taking his 
seat in the Senate, he joined the ranks of the opposi- 
tion. He opposed the tariff; he spoke against and 
voted against the bank as unconstitutional ; he stren- 
uously opposed all restrictions upon slavery, resist- 
ing all projects of internal improvements by the Gen- 
eral Government, and avowed his sympathy with Mr. 
Calhoun's view of nullification ; he declared that Gen. 
Jackson, by his opposition to the nuUifiers, had 
abandoned the piinciples of the Democratic party. 
Such was Mr. Tyler's record in Congress, — a record 
in perfect accordance with the principles which he 
had always avowed. 

Returning to Virginia, ho resumed the practice of 
his profession. There was a rj'lit ii the Deiv.ocralic 



party. His friends still regarded him as a true Jef- 
fersonian, gave hini a dinner, and showered compli- 
ments upon him. He had now attained the age of 
forty-six. His career had been very brilliant. In con- 
sequence of his devotion to public business, his pri- 
vate affairs had fallen into some disorder; and it was 
not without satisfaction that he resumed the practice 
of law, and devoted himself to the cultme of his plan- 
tation. Soon after this he removed to Williamsburg, 
for the better education of his children ; and he again 
took his seat in the Legislature of Virginia. 

By the Southern Whigs, he was sent to the national 
convention at Harrisburg to nominate a President in 
1839. Tl>e majority of votes were given to Gen. Har- 
rison, a genuine Whig, much to the disappointment ot 
the South, who wished for Henry Clay. To concili- 
ate the Southern Whigs and to secure their vote, the 
convention then nominated John Tyler for Vice Pres- 
ident. It was well known that he was not in sympa- 
thy with the Whig party in the Noith : but the Vice 
President has but very little power in the Govern- 
ment, his main and almost only duty being to pre- 
side over the meetings of the Senate. Thus it hap- 
pened that a Whig President, and, in reality, a 
Democratic Vice President were chosen. 

In 1841, Mr. Tyler was inaugurated Vice Presi- 
dent of the United States. In one short month from 
that time, President Harrison died, and Mr. Tyler 
thus found himself, to his own surprise and that of 
the whole Nation, an occupant of the Presidential 
chair. This was a new test of the stability of our 
institutions, as it was the first time in the history of our 
country that such an event had occured. Mr. Tyler 
was at home in Williamsburg when he received the 
unexpected tidings of the death of President Harri- 
son. He hastened to Washington, and on the 6th of 
April was inaugurated to the high and responsible 
office. He was placed in a position of exceeding 
delicacy and difficulty. All his long life he had been 
opposed tc the main principles of the party which had 
brought him into power. He had ever been a con- 
?istent, honest man, with an unblemished record. 
Gen. Harrison had selected a Whig cabinet. Should 
he retain them, and thus surround himself with coun- 
sellors whose views were antagonistic to his own? or, 
on the other hand, should he turn against the party 
which had elected him and select a cabinet in har- 
mony with himself, and which would oppose all those 
views which the Whigs deemed essential to the pub- 
lic welfare? This was his fearful dilemma. He in- 
vited the cabinet which President Harrison had 
selected to retain their seats. He reccomm^nded a 
day of fasting and prayer, that God would guide and 
bless us. 

The Whigs carried through Congress a bill for the 
incorporation of a fiscal bank of the United States. 
The President, after ten days' delay, returned it with 
his veto. He tsuasested, however, that he would 

approve ora bill drawn up upon such a plan as he 
proposed. Such a bill was accordingly prepared, and 
privately submitted to him. He gave it his approval. 
It was passed without alteration, and he sent it back 
with his veto. Here commenced the open rupture. 
Icis said that Mr. Tyler was provoked to this meas- 
ure by a published letter from the Hon. John M. 
Botts, a distinguished Virginia Whig, who severely 
touched the pride of the President. 

The opposition now exultingly received the Presi- 
dent into their arms. The party which elected him 
denounced him bitterly. AH the members of his 
cabinet, excepting Mr. Webster, resigned. The Whigs 
of Congress, both the Senate and the House, held a 
meeting and issued an address to the people of the 
United States, proclaiming that all political alliance 
between the Whigs and President Tyler were at 
an end. 

Still the President attempted to conciliate. He 
appointed a new cabinet of distinguished Whigs and 
Conservatives, carefully leaving out all strong party 
men. Mr. Webster soon found it necessary to resign, 
forced out by the pressure of his Whig friends. Thus 
the four years of Mr. Tyler's unfortunate administra- 
tion passed sadly away. No one was satisfied. The 
land was filled with murmurs and vituperation, ^^'higs 
and Democrats alike assailed him. More and more, 
however, he brought himself into svmpathy with his 
oW friends, the Democrats, until at the close of his term, 
he gave his whole influence to the support of Mr. 
Polk, the Democratic candidate for his successor. 

On the 4th of March, 1845, he retired from the 
harassments of office, tothe regret of neitherparty, af.d 
probably to his own unspeakable lelief. His first wife. 
Miss Letitia Christian, died in Washington, in 1842; 
and in June, 1844, PresidentTylev wasagain married, 
at New York, to Miss Julia Gardiner, a young lady of 
many personal and intellectual accomplishments. 

The remainder of his days Mr. Tyler passed mainly 
in retirement at his beautiful home, — Sherwood For- 
est, Charles-city Co., Va. A polished gentleman in 
his manners, richly furnished with mformation from 
books and experience in the world, and possessing 
brilliant powers of conversation, his family circle was 
the scene of unusual attractions. Witli sufficient 
means for the exercise of a generous hospitality, he 
might have enjoyed a serene old age with the few 
friends who gathered around him, were it not for the 
storms of civil war which his own principles and 
policy had helped to introduce. 

When the great Rebellion rose, which the State- 
rights and nullifying doctrines of Mr. John C. Cal- 
houn had inaugurated, President Tyler renounced his 
allegiance to the United States, and joined the Confed- 
erates. He was chosen a member of their Congress; 
and while engaged in active measures to destroy, b" 
force of arms, the Government over which he haci 
once presided, he was taken sick and soon died. 





AMES K. POLK, the eleventh 

'resident of the United States, 

was born in Mecklenburg Co., 

N. C.,Nov. 2, 1795. His [lar- 

ents were Samuel and Jane 

(Knox) Polk, the former a son 

of Col. Thomas Polk, who located 

at the above place, as one of the 

first i)ioneers, in 1735. 

In the year i3o6, with liis wife 
and children, and soon after fol- 
lowed by most of the members of 
the Polk fainly, Samuel Polk emi- 
grated some two or three hundred 
miles farther west, to the rich valley 
of the Duck River. Here in the 
midst of the wilderness, in a region 
which was subsequently called Mau- 
ry Co., they reared their log huts, 
and established their homes. In the 
hard toil of a new farm in the wil- 
derness, James K. Polk spent the 
early years of his childhood and 
youth. His father, adding the pur- 
suit of a surveyor to that of a farmer, 
gradually increased in wealth until 
lie became one of the leading men of the region. His 
mother was a superior woman, of strong common 
sense and earnest piety. 

Very early in life, James developed a taste for 
reading and expressed the strongest desire to obtain 
a liberal education. His mother's training had made 
iiim methodical in his habits, had taught him punct- 
uality and industry, and had inspired him with lofty 
principles of morality. His health was frail ; and his 
father, fearing that he might not be able to endure a 

sedentary life, got a situation for him behind the 
counter, hoping to fit him for commercial pursuits. 

This was to James a bitter disappointment. He 
had no taste for these duties, and his daily tasks 
were irksome in the extreme. He remained in this 
uncongenial occupation but a few weeks, when at his 
earnest solicitation his father removed him, and made 
arrangements for him to prosecute his studies. Soon 
after he sent him to Murfreesboro Academy. AVith 
ardor which could scarcely be surpassed, he pressed 
forward in his studies, and in less than two and a half 
years, in the autumn of 1815, entered the sophomore 
class in the University of North Carolina, at Chapel 
Hill. Here he was one of the most exemplary of 
scholars, punctual in every exercise, never allowing 
himself to be absent from a recitation or a religious 

He graduated in 1818, with the highest honois, be- 
ing deemed the best scholar of his class, both in 
mathematics and the classics. He was tlien twenty- 
three years of age. Mr. Polk's health was at this 
time much impaired by the assiduity with which he 
had prosecuted his studies. After a short season of 
relaxation he went to Nashville, and entered the 
office of Felix Grundy, to study law. Here Mr. Polk 
renewed his acquaintance with Andrew Jackson, who 
resided on his plantation, the Hermitage, but a few 
miles from Nashville. They had probably been 
slightly acquainted before. 

Mr. Polk's father was a Jefiersonian Republican, 
and James K. Polk ever adhered to the same politi- 
cal faith. He was a popular public speaker, and was 
constantly called upon to address the meetings of his 
party friends. His skill as a speaker was such that 
ho was popularly called the Napoleon of the stump. 
He was a man of unblemished morals, genial ard 


lourterus in his bearing, and with that sympathetic 

iiatu'"e in the jo) s and griefs of others which ever gave 
Kim troops of friends. In 1823, Mr. Polk was elected 
to the Legislature of Tennessee. Here he gave his 
strong influence tovv^ards the election of his friend, 
Mr. Jackson, to the Presidency of the United States. 

In January, 1824, Mr. Polk married Miss Sarah 
Childress, of Rutherford Co., Tenn. His bride was 
altogether worthy of him, — a lady of beauty and cul- 
ture. In the fall of 1825, Mr. Polk was chosen a 
member of Congress. The satisfaction which he gave 
to his constituents may be inferred from the fact, that 
for fourteen successive years, until 1839, he was con- 
tinuec in that office. He then voluntarily withdrew, 
only I "lathe might accept the Gubernatorial chair 
of Tennessee. In Congress he was a laborious 
member, a frequent and a popular speaker. He was 
alwnys in his seat, always courteous ; and whenever 
he spoke it was always to the point, and without any 
ambitious rhetorical display. 

During five sessions of Congress, Mr. Polk was 
Speaker of the House Strong passions were roused, 
and stormy scenes were witnessed ; but Mr Polk per- 
formed his arduous duties to a very general satisfac- 
tion, and a unanimous vote of thanks to him was 
passed by the House as he withdrew on the 4th of 
March, 1839. 

In accordance with Southern usage, Mr. Polk, as a 
candidate for Governor, canvassed the State. He was 
elected by a large majority, and on the 14th of Octo- 
ber, 1839, took the oath of office at Nashville. In 1841, 
his term of office expired, and he was again the can- 
didate of the Democratic party, but was defeated. 

On the 4th of March, 1845, Mr. Pcilk was inaugur- 
ated President of the United States. The verdict of 
the country in favor of the annexation of Texas, exerted 
its influence upon Congress ; and the last act of the 
administration of President Tyler was to afiix his sig- 
ndture to a joint resolution of Congress, passed on the 
•jd of March, approving of the annexation of Texas to 
the American Union. As Mexico still claimed Texas 
as one of her provinces, the Mexican minister, 
Almonte, immediately demanded his passports and 
left tlie country, declaring the act of the annexation 
to be an act hostile to Mexico. 

In his first message. President Polk urged that 
Texas should immediately, by act of Congress, be re- 
ceived into the Union on the same footing with the 
other States. In the meantime, Gen. Taylor was sent 

with an army into Texas to hold the country. He \"as 
sent first to Nueces, which the Mexicans said was the 
western boundary of Texas. Then he was sent nearly 
two hundred miles further west, to the Rio Grande, 
where he erected batteries which commanded the 
Mexican city of Matamoras, which was situated on 
the western banks. 

The anticipated collision soon took place, and war 
was declared against Mexico by President Polk. The 
war was pushed forward by Mr. Polk's administration 
with great vigor. Gen. Taylor, whose army was first 
called one of "observation," then of "occupation," 
then of " in vasion,"was sent forward to Monterey. The 
feeble Mexicans, in every encounter, were hopelessly 
and awfully slaughtered. The day of judgement 
alone can reveal the misery which this war caused. 
It v/as by the ingenuity of Mr. Polk's administration 
that the war was brought on. 

'To the victors belong the spoils." Mexico was 
prostrate before us. Her capital was in our hands. 
We now consented to peace upon the condition that 
Mexico should surrender to us, in addition to Texas, 
all of New Mexico, and all of Upper and Lower Cal- 
ifornia. This new demand embraced, exclusive of 
Texas, eight hundred thousand square miles. This 
was an extent of territory equal to nine States of the 
size of New York. Thus slavery was securing eighteen 
majestic States to be added to the Union. There were 
some Americans who tliought it all right : there were 
others who thought it all wrong. In the prosecution 
of this war, we expended twenty thousand lives and 
more than a hundred million of dollars. Of this 
money fifteen millions were paid to Mexico. 

On the 3d of March, 1849, Mr. Polk retired from 
office, having served one term. The next day was 
Sunday. On the 5th, Gen. Taylor was inaugurated 
as his successor. Mr. Polk rode to the Capitol in the 
same carriage with Gen. Taylor; and the same eveii- 
ing, with Mrs. Polk, he commenced his return to 
Tennessee. He was then but fiftyfour years of age. 
He had ever been strictly temperate in all his habits, 
and his health was good With an ample fortune, 
a choice library, a cultivated mind, and domestic ties 
of the dearest nature, it seemed as though long years 
of tranquility and happiness were before him. But the 
cholera — that fearful scourge — was then sweeping up 
the Valley of the Mississippi. This he contracted, 
and died on the 15th of June, 1849, in the fifty-fourth 
year of his age, greatly mourned by his countrymen. 



^f:^4.j[^f fj|.f%f ilg. 


President of the United States, 
'was born on the 24th of Nov., 
1784, in Orange Co., Va. His 
^« father. Colonel Taylor, was 
a Virginian of note, and a dis- 
tinguished patriot and soldier of 
the Revolution. When Zachary 
was an infant, his father with his 
wife and two children, emigrated 
to Kentucky, where he settled in 
the pathless wilderness, a few 
miles from Louisville. Li this front- 
ier home, away from civilization and 
all its refinements, young Zachary 
could enjoy but few social and educational advan- 
tages. When six years of age he attended a common 
school, and was then regarded as a bright, active boy, 
rather remarkable for bluntness and decision of char- 
acter He was strong, feailess and self-reliant, and 
■manifested a strong desire to enter the army to fight 
die Lidians who were ravaging the frontiers. There 
is little to be recorded of the uneventful years of his 
childhood o;i his father's large but lonely plantation. 
\\\ 1S08, his father succeeded in obtaining for him 
the commission of lieutenant in the United States 
army ; and he joined the troops which were stationed 
at New Orleans under Gen. Wilkinson. Soon after 
this he married Miss Margaret Smith, a young lady 
Irom one of the first families of Maryland. 

Lnmediately after the declaration of war with Eng- 
land, in 1S12, Capt. Taylor (for he had then been 
promoted to that rank) was put in command of Fort 
Harrison, on the Wabash, about fifty miles above 
Vincennes. This fort had been built in the wilder- 
ness by Gen. Harrison. on his march to Tippecanoe. 
It was one of the first points of attack by the Indians, 
■jcd by Tecumseh. Its garrison consisted of a broken 

company of infantry numbering fifty men, many of 
whom were sick. 

Early in the autumn of 1812, the Indians, sleahhily, 
and in large numbers, moved upon the fort. Then 
approach was first indicated by the murder of two 
soldiers just outside of the stockade. Capt. Taylor 
made every possible preparation to meet the antici- 
pated assault. On the 4th of September, a band of 
forty painted and plumed savages came to the fort, 
waving a white flag, and informed Capt. Taylor that 
in the morning their chief would come to have a talk 
with him. It was evident that their object was merely 
to ascertain the state of things at the fort, and Capt. 
Taylor, well versed in the wiles of the savages, kept 
them at a distance. 

The sun went down; the savages disappeared, the 
garrison slept upon their arms. One hour before 
midnight the war whoop burst from a thousand lips 
in the forest around, followed by the discharge of 
musketry, and the rush of the foe. Every man, sick 
and well, sprang to his post. Every man knew that 
defeat was not merely death, but in the case of cap- 
ture, death by the most agonizing and prolonged tor- 
ture. No pen can describe, r,o immagination can 
conceive the scenes which ensued. The savages suc- 
ceeded in setting fire to one of the block-houses- 
Until si.\ o'clock in the morning, this awful conflict 
continued. The savages then, baffled at every point, 
and gnashing their teeth with rage, retired. Capt. 
Taylor, for this gallant defence, was promoted to the 
rank of major by brevet. 

Until the close of the war, MajorTaylor was placed 
in such situations that he saw but little more of active 
service. He was sent far away into the depths of the 
wilderness, to Fort Crawford, on Fox River, which 
empties into Green Bay. Here there was but little 
to be done but to wear away the tedious hours as one 
best could. There were no books, no society, no in- 



tellectual stimulus. Thus with him the uneventful 
years rolled on Gradually he rose to the rank of 
colonel. In the Black. Hawk war, which resulted in 
the capture of that renowned chieftain, Col Taylor 
took a subordinate but a brave and efficient part. 

For twenty-four years Col. Taylor was engaged in 
the defence of the frontiers, in scenes so remote, and in 
employments so obscure, that his name was imknown 
beyond the limits of his own immediate acquaintance. 
In the year 1836, he was sent to Florida to compel 
the Seminole Indians to vacate that region and re- 
tire beyond the Mississi|)pi, as their chiefs by treaty, 
hac' promised they should do. The services rendered 
he.e secured for Col. Taylor the high appreciation of 
the Government; and as a reward, he was elevated 
tc ,re rank of brigadier-general by brevet ; and soon 
after, in i\Iay, 1838, was appointed to the chief com- 
mand of the United States troops in Florida. 

After two years of sucli wearisome employment 
amidst the everglades of the peninsula. Gen. Taylor 
obtained, at his own request, a change of command, 
^.nd was stationed over the Department of the South- 
west. This field embraced Louisiana, Mississippi, 
Alabama and Georgia. Establishing his headquarters 
at Fort Jessup, in Louisiana, he removed his family 
to a plantation which he purchased, near Baton Rogue. 
Here he remained for five years, buried, as it were, 
from the world, but faithfully discharging every duty 
imposed upon him. 

In 1846, Gen. Taylor was sent to guard the land 
between the Nueces and Rio Grande, the latter river 
being the boundary of Texas, which was then claimed 
by the United States. Soon the war with Mexico 
was brought on, and at Palo Alto and Resaca de la 
Palma, Gen. Taylor won brilliant victories over the 
Mexicans. The rank of major-general by brevet 
was then conferred upon Gen. Taylor, and his name 
was received with enthusiasm almost everywhere in 
the Nation. Then came the battles of Monterey and 
Buena Vista in which he won signal victories over 
forces much larger than he commanded. 

His careless habits of dress and his unaffected 
f-implicity, secured for Gen. Taylor among his troops, 
\\\& sobriquet of "Old Rough and Ready.' 

Tne tidings of the brilliant victory of Buena Vista 
spread the wildest enthusiasm over the country. The 
name of Gen. Taylor was on every one's lips. The 
Whig party decided to take advantage of this wonder- 
ful pojjularity in bringing forward the unpolished, un- 
lettered, honest soldier as their candidate for the 
Presidency. Gen. Taylor was astonished at the an- 
nouncement, and for a time would not listen to it; de- 
tlaring that he was not at all qualified for such an 
office. So little interest had he taken in politics that, 
for forty years, he had net cast a vote. It was not 
without chagrin that several distinguished statesmen 
'who had been long years in the public service found 
ti.iir claims set aside in behalf of one whose name 

had never been heard of, save in connection with Palo 
Alto, Resaca de la Palma, Monterey and Buena 
Vista. It is said that Daniel Webster, in his haste re- 
marked, " It is a nomination not fit to be made." 

Gen. Taylor was not an eloquent speaker nor a fine 
writer His friends took possession of him, and pre- 
pared such few communications as it was needful 
should be presented to the public. The popularity of 
the successful warrior swept the land. He was tri- 
umphantly elected over two opposing candidates, — 
Gen. Cass and Ex-President Martin Van Buren. 
Though he selected an excellent cabinet, the good 
old man found himself in a very uncongenial position, 
and was, at times, sorely perplexed and harassed. 
His mental sufferings were very severe, and probably 
tended to hasten his death. The pro-slavery party 
was pushing its claims with tireless energy, expedi- 
tions were fitting out to capture Cuba ; California was 
pleading for admission to the Union, while slavery 
stood at tlie door to bar her out. Gen. Taylor found 
the political conflicts in Washington to be far more 
trying to the nerves than battles with Mexicans or 

In the midst of all these troubles. Gen. Taylor, 
after he had occupied the Presidential chair but liitle 
over a year, took cold, and after a brief sickness of 
but little over five days, died on the glh of July, 1850. 
His last woids were, " I am not afraid to die. I am 
ready. I have endeavored to do my duty." He died 
universally respected and beloved. An honest, un- 
pretending man, he had been steadily growing in the 
affections of the people; and the Nation bitterly la- 
mented his death. 

Gen. Scott, who was thoroughly acquainted with 
Gen. Taylor, gave the following graphic and truthful 
description of his character: — " AVith a good store of 
common sense, Gen. Taylor's mind had not been en- 
larged and refreshed by reading, or much converse 
with the world. Rigidity of ideas was the conse- 
quence. The frontiers and small military posts had 
been his home. Hence he was quite ignorant for his 
rank, and quite bigoted in his ignorance. His sim- 
plicity was child-like, and with innumerable jjreju- 
dices, amusing and incorrigible, well suited to the 
tender age. Thus, if a man, however respectable, 
chanced to wear a coat of an unusual color, or his hat 
a little on one side of his head ; or an officer to leave 
a corner of his handkerchief dangling from an out- 
side pocket, — in any such case, this critic held the 
off".'nder to be a coxcomb (perhaps something worse), 
whom he would not, to use his oft repeated phrase, 
' touch with a pair of tongs.' 

"Any allusion to literature beyond good old Dil- 
worth's spelling-book, on the part of one wearing a 
sword, was evidence, with the same judge, of utter 
unfitness for heavy marchings and combats. In short, 
few men have ever had a more comfortable, labor- 
saving contempt for learning of every kind." 

^ jtZ^^i^^i-^x^cxru) 








1 1 




■f^ tcenth President of the United 
'*- States, was born at Summer 
Hill, Cayuga Co., N. Y ., on 
the 7th of January, 1800. His 
father was a farmer, and ow- 
ing to misfortune, in humble cir- 
cumstances. Of his mother, the 
daughter of Dr. Abiathar Millard, 
of Pittsfield, Mass., it has been 
said that she possessed an intellect 
of very high order, united with much 
personal loveliness, sweetness of dis- 
position, graceful manners and e.x- 
quisite sensibilities. She died in 
i<S3i ; having lived to see her son a 
young man of distinguished prom- 
ise, though she was not permitted to witness the high 
dignity which he finally attained. 

In consequence of tlie secluded home and limited 
■neans of his father, Millard enjoyed but slender ad- 
vantages for education in his early years. The com- 
mon schools, which he occasionally attended were 
very imperfect institutions; and books were scarce 
£nd expensive. There was nothing then in his char- 
acter to indicate the brilliant career upon which he 
was about to enter. He was a plain farmer's boy, 
intelligent, good-looking, kind-hearted. The sacred 
influences of home had taught him to revere the Bible, 
and had laid the foundations of an upright character. 
When fourteen years of age, his father sent him 
some hundred miles from home, to the then wilds of 
Livingston County, to learn the trade of a clothier. 
Neai' the mill there was a small villiage, where some 

enterprising man had commenced the collection of a 

village library. This proved an inestimable blessing 
to young Fillmore. His evenings were spent in read- 
ing .Soon every leisure moment was occupied v. ith 
books. His thirst fur knowledge became insatiate 
and the selections which he made were continually 
more elevating and instructive. He read history 
biography, oratory, and thus gradually there was en- 
kindled in his heart a desire to be something more 
than a mere worker with his hands; and he was be- 
coming, almost unknown to himself, a well-informed, 
educated man. 

The young clothier had now attained the age of 
nineteen years, and was of fine personal apiiearance 
and cf gentlemanly demeanor. It so happened that 
there was a gentleman in the neighborhood of ample 
pecuniary means and of benevolence, — Judge Walter 
Wood, — who was struck nith the prepossessing ao- 
pearance of young Fillmore. He made his acciuain*.- 
ance, and was so much impressed with his ability and 
attainments that he advised him to abandon his 
trade and devote himself to the study of the law. Tlie 
young man replied, that he had no means of hrs own, 
r.o friends to help him and that his previous educa- 
tion had been very imperfect. But Judge AV'ood had 
so much confidence in him that he kindly offered to 
take him into his own office, and to loan him such 
money as he needed. Most gratefully the generous 
offer was accepted. 

There is in many minds a strange delusion abou*: 
a collegiate education. A young man is supposed to 
be liberally educated if he has graduated at some col- 
lege. But many a boy loiters through university hal' ; 
<*nd then enters a law office, who is by no means as 



well prepared to prosecute his legal studies as was 
Millard Fillmore when he graduated at the clothing- 
mill at the end of four years of manual labor, daring 
which every leisure moment had been devoted to in- 
tense mental culture. 

In 1823, when twenty-three years of age, he was 
admitted to the Court of Common Pleas. He then 
went to the village of Aurora, and commenced the 
practice of law. In this secluded, peaceful region, 
his practice of course was limited, and there was no 
opportunity for a sadden rise in foitune or ui fame. 
Here, in the year 1826, he married a lady of great 
moral worth, and one capable of adorning any station 
she might be called to fill, — Miss Abigail Powers. 

His elevation of character, his untiring industr)', 
his legal acquirements, and his skill as an advocate, 
gradually attracted attention ; and he was invited to 
enter into partnership under highly advantageous 
circumstances, with an elder member of the bar in 
Buffalo. Just before removing to Buffalo, in 1829, 
he took his seat in the House of Assembly, of the 
State of New York, as a representative from Erie 
County. Though he had never taken a very active 
part in politics, his vote and his sympathies were with 
the Whig party. The State was then Democratic, 
and he found himself in a helpless minority in the 
Legislature , still the testimony comes from all parties, 
that his courtesy, ability and integrity, won, to a very 
unusual degri e the respect of his associates. 

In the autumn of 1832, he was elected to a seat in 
the United States Congress He entered that troubled 
irena in some of the most tumultuous hours of our 
national history. The great conflict respecting the 
national bank and the removal of the deposits, was 
then raging. 

His term of two years closed ; and he returned to 
his profession, which he pursued with increasing rep- 
utation and success. After a lapse of two years 
he again became a candidate for Congress ; was re- 
elected, and took his seat in 1837. His past e.xi)e- 
rience as a representative gave hun stKngth and 
confidence. The first term of service in Congress to 
any man can be but little more than an introduction. 
He was now prepared for active duty. All his ener- 
gies were brought to bear upon the public good. Every 
measure received his impress. 

Mr. Fillmore was now a man of wide repute, and 
his popularity filled the State, and in the year 1847, 
he was elected Comptroller of the State. 

Mr. Fillmore had attained the age of forty-seven 
years. His labors at the bar, in the Legislature, in 
Congress and as Comptroller, had given him very con- 
siderable fame. The Whigs were casting about to 
find suitable candidates for President and Vice-Presi- 
dent at the approaching election. Far away, on the 
waters of the Rio Grande, there was a rough old 
soldier, who had fought one or two successful battles 
with the Mexicans, which had caused his name to be 
proclaimed in tiumpet-tones all over the land. But 
it was necessary to associate with him on the same 
ticket some man of reputation as a statesman. 

Under the influence of these considerations, the 
namesof Zachary Taylor ar.d Millard Fillmore became 
the rallying-cry of the Whigs, as their candidates for 
President and Vice-Peesident. The Whig ticket was 
signally triumphant. On the 4th of March, 1S49, 
Gen. Taylor was inaugurated President, and Millard 
Fillmore Vice-President, of the United States. 

On the 9th of July, 1850, President Taylor, but 
about one year and four months after his inaugura- 
tion, was suddenly taken sick and died. By the Con- 
stitution, Vice-President Fillmore thus became Presi- 
dent. He appointed a very able cabinet, of which 
the illustrious Daniel Webster was Secretary of State. 

Mr. Fillniore had very serious difficulties to contend 
with, since the opposition had a majority in both 
Houses. He did everything in his power to conciliate 
the South; but the pro-slavery party in the South felt 
the inadequacy of all measures of transient conciliation. 
The population of the free States was so rapidly in- 
creasing over that of the slave States that it was in- 
evitable that the power of the Government should 
soon pass into the hands of the free States. The 
famous compromise measures were adopted under Mr. 
Fillmcre's adminstration, and the Japan Expedition 
was sent out. On the 4th of March, 1853, Mr. Fill- 
more, having served one term, retired. 

In 1856, Mr. Fillmore was nominated for the Pres- 
idency by the " Know Nothing " party, but was beaten 
by Mr. Buchanan. After that Mr. Fillmore lived in 
retirement. During the terrible conflict of civil war, 
he was mostly silent. It was generally supposed that 
his sympathies were rather with those who were en- 
deavoring to overthrow our institutions. President 
Fillmore kept aloof from the conflict, without any 
cordial words of cheer to the one party or the other. 
He was thus forgotten by both. He lived to a ripe 
old age, and died in Buffalo. N. Y., March 8, 1874. 




•^^P#-^ ^'FRANKLIN PIERCE -^^ 


fourteenth President of the 
' United States, was born ir. 
Hillsborough, N. H., Nov. 
23, 1S04. His father was a 
Revohitionary soldier, who, 
with his own strong arm, 
hewed out a home in the 
wilderness. He was a man 
of inflexible integrity; of 
strong, though uncultivated 
mind, and an uncompromis- 
ing Democrat. The mother of 
Franklin Pierce was all that a son 
could desire, — an intelligent, pru- 
dent, affectionate, Christian wom- 
an. Franklin was the sixth of eight children. 

Franklin was a very bright and handsome boy, gen- 
erous, warm-hearted and brave. He won alike the 
love of old and young. The boys on the play ground 
loved him. His teachers loved him. Tlie neighbors 
looked upon him with pride and affection. He was 
by instinct a gentleman; always speaking kind words, 
doing kind deeds, with a peculiar unstudied tact 
which taught him what was agreeable. Without de- 
veloping any precocity of genius, or any unnatural 
devotion to books, he was a good scholar; in body, 
in mind, in affections, a finely-developed boy. 

When sixteen years of age, in the year 1820, he 
entered Bowdoin College, at Brunswick, Me He was 
one of the most i»pular young men in the college. 
The purity of his moral character, the unvarying 
courtesy of his demeanor, his rank as a scholar, and 

genial nature, rendered him a universal favorite. 
There was something very peculiarly winning in his 
address, and it was evidently not in the slightest de- 
gree studied : it was the simple outgushing of his 
own magnanimous and loving nature. 

Upon graduating, in the year 1824, Franklin Pierce 
commenced the study of law in the office of Judge 
Woodbury, one of the most distinguisiied lawyers of 
the State, and a man of great private worth. Thi' 
eminent social qualities of the young lawyer, his 
father's prominence as a \)ublic man, and the brilliant 
political career into which Judge Woodbury was eri- 
tering, all tended to entice Mr. Pierce into the faci- 
nating yet perilous path of political life. With all 
the ardor of his nature he espoused the cause of Gen. 
Jackson for the Presidency. He commenced the 
practice ofdaw in Hillsborough, and was soon elected 
to represent the town in the. State Legislature. Here 
he served for four yeais. The last two years he was 
chosen speaker of the house by a very large vote. 

In 1833, at the age of twenty-nine, he was elected 
a member of Congress. Without taking an active 
part in debates, he was faithful and laborious in duty, 
and ever rising in the estimation of those with whom 
he was associatad. 

In 1S37, being then but thirty-three years of age, 
he was elected to the Senate of the United States; 
taking his seat just as Mr. Van Buren commenced 
his administration. He was the youngest member in 
the Senate. In the year 1834, lie married Miss Jane 
Means Appleton, a lady of rare beaut) and accom- 
plishments, and one admirably fitted lo adorn every 
station with wiiich her husband was honoied. Of the 


three sons who were born to them, all now sleep with 
their parents in the grave. 

In the year 183S, Mr. Pierce, with growing fame 
and increasing lousiness as a lawyer, took up his 
residence in Concord, the capital of New Hampshire. 
President Polk, upon his accession to office, appointed 
Mr. Pierce attorney-general of the United States ; but 
the offer was declined, in consequence of numerous 
professional engagements at home, and the precariuos 
state of Mrs. Pierce's health. He also, about the 
same time declined the nomination for governor by the 
Democratic party. The war with Mexico called Mr. 
Pierce in the army. Receiving the appointment of 
brigadier-general, he embarked, with a portion of his 
troops, at Newport, R. I., on the 27th of May, 1847. 
He took an important part in this war, proving him- 
self a brave and true soldier. 

When Gen. Pierce reached his home in his native 
State, he was received entliusiastically by the advo- 
cates of the Mexican war, and coldly by his oppo- 
nents. He resumed the practice of his profession, 
very frequently taking an active part in political ques- 
tions, giving his cordial support to the pro-slavery 
wing of the Democratic party. The compromise 
measures met cordially with his approval ; and he 
strenuously advocated the enforcement of the infa- 
mous fugitive-slave law, which so shocked the religious 
sensibilities of the North. He thus became distin- 
guished as a " Northern man with Southern principles.'' 
The strong partisans of slavery in the South conse- 
quently regarded him as a man whom they could 
safely trust in office to carry out their plaus. 

On the 1 2th of June, 1852, the Democratic conven- 
tion met in Baltimore to nominate a candidate for the 
Presidency. For four days they continued in session, 
and in thirty-five ballotings no one had obtained a 
two-thirds vote. Not a vote thus far had been throw n 
for Gen. Pierce. Tlrcn the Virginia delegation 
brought forward his name. There were fourteen 
more ballotings, during which Gen. Pierce constantly 
gained strength, until, at the forty-ninth ballot, he 
received two hundred and eighty-two votes, and all 
otlier candidates eleven. Gen. Winfield Scott was 
the Whig candidate. Gen. Pierce was chosen with 
great unanimity. Only four States — Vermont, Mas- 
sachusetts, Kentucky and Tennessee — cast their 
electoral votes against him Gen. Franklin Pierce 
was therefore inaugurated President of the United 
States on the 4th of March, 1853. 

His administration proved one of the most stormy our 
country had ever experienced. The controversy Ijc- 
tween slavery and freedom was then approaching its 
culminating point. It became evident that there was 
an "irrepressible conflict " between them, and that 
this Nation could not long exist " half slave and half 
free." President Pierce, during the whole of his ad- 
ministration, did every thing he could to conciliate 
the South ; but it was all in vain. The conflict every 
year grew more violent, and threats of the dissolution 
of the Union were borne to the North on every South- 
ern breeze. 

Such was the condition of affairs when President 
Pierce approached the close of his four-years' term 
of office. The North had become thoroughly alien- 
ated from him. The anti-slaver)- sentiment, goaded 
by great outrages, had been rapidly increasing; all 
the intellectual ability and social worth of President 
Pierce were forgotten in deep reprehension of his ad- 
ministrative acts. The slaveholders of the South, also, 
unmindful of the fidelity with which he had advo- 
cated those measures of Government wluch they ap- 
proved, and perhaps, also, feeling that he had 
rendered himself so unpopular as no longer to be 
able acceptably to serve them, ungratefully dropped 
him, and nominated James Buchanan to succeed him. 

On the 4th of March, 1857, President Pierce re- 
tired to his home in Concord. Of three children, two 
had died, and his only surviving child had been 
killed before his eyes by a railroad accident ; and his 
wife, one of the most estimable and accomplished of 
ladies, was rapidly sinking in consumption. The 
hour of dreadful gloom soon came, and he was left 
alone in the world, without wife or child. 

When the terrible Rebellion burst forth, wiiich di- 
vided our country into two parties, and two only, Mr. 
Pierce remained steadfast in the principles which he 
had always cherished, and gave his sympathies to 
that pro-slaver}' party with which he had ever been 
allied. He. declined to do anything, either by voice 
or pen, to strengthen the hand of the National Gov- 
ernment. He continued to reside in Concord until 
the time of his death, which occurred in October, 
1869. He was one of the most genial and social of 
men, an honored communicant of the Episcopal 
Church, and one of the kindest of neighbors. Gen- 
erous to a fault, he contributed liberally for tlie al- 
leviation of suffering and want, and many of liis towns- 
people were often gladened by his material bounty. 


to^Tze^ (2yc 



I c::^&>ss^,s^^i?ci^c^i^^i^c^iti?£^<^^\*:fi%\^-^^'^m\'smi^^ ,, 



naMBB Mi3S^aBAT5. g 



AMES BUCHANAN, the fif- 
^teenth President of the United 

States, was born in a small 
frontier town, at the foot of the 
eastern ridge of the Allegha- 
nies, in FrankhnCo., Penn.,on 
the 23d of April, 1791. The place 
where the humble cabin of his 
father stood was called Stony 
' *> Batter. It was a wild and ro- 
mantic spot in a gorge of the moun- 
tains, with towering summits rising 
grandly all around. His father 
was a r.ative of the north of Ireland ; 
a poor man, who had emigrated in 
I 1783, with little property save his 

own strong arms. Five years afterwards he married 
Elizabeth Spear, the daughter of a respectable farmer, 
and, with his young bride, plunged iiito the wilder- 
ness, staked his claim, reared his log-hut, opened a 
clearing with his axe, and settled down there to per- 
form his obscure part in the drama of life. In this se- 
cluded home, where James was born, he remained 
for eight years, enjoying but few social or iatellectual 
advantages. When James was eight yeatsof age, his 
father removed to the village of Mercersburg, where 
his son was placed at school, and commenced a 
course of study in English, Latin and Greek. His 
progress was rapid, and at the age of fourteen, he 
entered Dickinson College, at Carlisle. Here ho de- 
veloped remarkable talent, and look his stand among 
the first scholars in the institution. His application 
>o study was intense, and yet his native powers en- 

abled him to master the most abstruse subjects with 

In the year I S09, he graduated with the Irighest 
honors of his class. He was then eighteen years of 
age; tall and graceful, vigorous in health, fond of 
athletic sport, an unerring shot, and enlivened with 
an exuberant flow of animal spirits. He immediately 
commenced the study of law in the city of Lancaster, 
and was admitted to the bar in 1S12, when he was 
but twentj-'One years of age. Very rapidly he rose 
in his profession, and at once took undis[)uted stand 
with the ablest law)ers of the State. When but 
twenty-six years of age, unaided by counsel, he suc- 
cessfully defended before the State Senate 01 e of the 
judges of the State, who was tried upon articles of 
impeachment. At the age of thirty it was generally 
admitted that he stood at the head of the bar; ar.d 
there was no lawyer in the State who had a more lu- 
crative practice. 

In 1820, he reluctantly consented to run as a 
candidate for Congress. He was elected, and for 
ten years he remained a member of the Lower House. 
During the vacations of Congress, he. occasionally 
tried some important case. In 1831, he retired 
altogether from the toils of his profession. V.aving ac- 
(juired an ample fortune. 

Gen. Jackson, upon his elevation to the Presidency, 
appointed Mr. Buchanan minister to Russia. The 
duties of his mission he performed with ability, which 
gave satisfaction to all jiarties. Upon his return, in 
1833, he was elected to a seat in the United States 
Senate. He there met, as his associates, Webster, 
Clay, Wright and Calhoun. He advocated tl;e meas- 
ures proposed by President Jackson, of ^u ;livng repn- 



sals against France, to enforce the payment of our 
claims against that country; and defended the course 
of the President in his unprecedented and wholesale 
removal from office of those who were not the sup- 
porters of his administration. Upon this question he 
was brought into direct collision with Clay. 
He also, with voice and vote, advocated expunging 
from the journal of the Senate the vote of censure 
against Gen. Jackson for removing the de|)osits. 
Earnestly he opposed the abolition of slavery in the 
District of Columbia, and urged the |>rohibition of the 
circulation of anti-slavery documents liy the United 
States mails. 

As to petitions on tlie subject of slavery, he advo- 
cated that they should be respectfully received; and 
that the reply should be returned, that Congress had 
no power to legislate upon the subject. ' Congress," 
said he, " might as well undertake to interfere with 
slavery under a foreign government as in any of tlie 
States where it now exists." 

Upon Mr. Polk's accession to the Presidency, Mr. 
Buchanan became Secretary of State, and as such, 
took his share of the responsibility in the conduct of 
the Mexican War. Mr. Polk assumed that crossing 
the Nueces by the American troops into the disputed 
tervito-y was not wrong, but for the Mexicans to cross 
the Rio Crrande into that territory was a declaration 
of war. No candid man can read with pleasure the 
account of the course our Government pursued in that 

Mr. Buchanan identified himself thoroughly with 
the party devoted to the pi^rpetuation and extension 
of slavery, and brought all the energies of his mind 
to bear agjinst the Wilmot Proviso. He gave his 
cordial approval to the compromise measures of 1050, 
which included the fugiiive-slave law. Mr. Pierce, 
u:;on his election to the Presidency, honored Mr. 
Buclianan with the mission to England. 

In the year 1856, a national Democratic conven- 
tion nominated Mr. Buchanan for the Presidency. The 
political conflict was one of the most severe in which 
our country has ever engaged. All the friends of 
slavery were on one side; all the advocates of its re- 
striction and final abolition, on the other. Mr. Fre- 
nont, the candidate of the enemies of slavery, re- 
ceived 114 electoral votes. Mr. Buchanan received 
174, and was elected. The |)opular vote stood 
1,340,618, for Fremont, 1,224,750 for Buchanan. On 
March 4th, 1857, Mr. Buchanan was inaugurated. 

Mr. Buchanan was far advanced in life. Only four 
vears were wanting to fill up his threescore years and 
ten. His own friends, those with whom he had been 
allied in political principles and action for years, were 
seeking the destruction oi'the Government, that they 
might rear upon the ruins of our free institutions a 
nation whose corner-stone should be human slavery. 
[n this emergency, Mr. Buchanan was hopelessly be- 
wildered He could not, with his long-avowed prin- 

ciples, consistently oppose the State-rights party in 
their assumptions. As President of the United States, 
bound by his oath faithfully to administer the laws 
he could not, without perjury of the grossest kind, 
unite with those endeavoring to overthrow the repub- 
lic. He therefore did nothing. 

The opponents of Mr. Buchanan's administration 
nominaied Abraham Lincoln as their standard bearer 
in the next Presidential canvass. The pro-slavery 
party declared, that if he were elected, and the con- 
trol of the Government were thus taken from their 
hands, they would secede from the Union, taking 
with them, as they retired, the National Capitol at 
Washington, and the lion's share of the territory of 
the United States. 

Mr. Buchanan's sympathy with the pro-slavery 
parly was such, that he had been willing to offer them 
far more than they had ventured to claim. All the 
South had professed to ask of the North was non- 
intervention upon the subject of slavery. Mr. Bu- 
chanan had been ready to offer them the active co- 
operation of the Government to defend and extend 
the institution. 

As the storm increased m violence, the slaveholders 
claiming the right to secede, and Mr. Buchanan avow- 
ing that Congress had no power to prevent it, one of 
the most pitiable exhibitions of governmental im- 
becility was exhibited the world has ever seen. He 
declared that Congress had no power to enforce its 
laws in any State which had withdrawn, or which 
was attempting to withdraw from the Union. This 
was not the doctrine of Andrew Jackson, when, with 
his hand upon his sword hilt, he exclaimed. " The 
Union must and shall be preserved!" 

South Carolina seceded in December, i860; nearly 
three months before the inauguration of President 
Lincoln. Mr. Buchanan looked on in listless despair. 
The rebel flag was raised in Cliarleston; Fort Sumpter 
was liesieged ; our forts, navy-yards and arsenals 
were seized ; our depots of military stores were plun- 
dered ; and our custom-houses and post-offices were 
appropriated by the rebels. 

The energy of the rebels, and the imbecility of our 
Executive, were alike marvelous. The Nation looked 
on in agony, waiting for the slow weeks to glide away, 
and close the administration, so terrible in its weak- 
ness At length the long-looked-for hour of deliver- 
ance came, wUen Abraham Lincoln was to receive the 

The administration of President Buchanan was 
certainly the most calamitous our country has ex- 
perienced. His best friends cannot recall it with 
pleasure. And still more deplorable it is for his fame, 
that in that dreadful conflict which rolled its billows 
of flame and blood over our whole land, no word came 
from his lips to indicate his wish that our country's 
banner should triumph over the flag of the rebellion. 
He died at his Wheatland retreat, June i, 1868. 



>- lOJAi.* 1 








<b^ i LINCOLN. > ^ 

sixteenth President of tlie 
iji^United States, was born in 
Hardin Co., Ky., Feb. 12, 
i8og. About tlie year 1780, a 
man by the name of Abraham 
Lincohi left Virgir»ia with liis 
family and moved into the then 
wilds of Keiitucky. Only two years 
after this emigration, still a yoinig 
man, while worliing one day in a 
field, was stealthily appro;:ched by 
an Indian and shot dead. His widow 
was left in extreme poverty with five 
little children, three boys and two 
girls. Thomas, the youngest of the 
boys, was four years of age at his 
father's deatli. This Thomas was 
the father of .Vljraham Lincoln, the 
President of the United States 
whose name must henceforth fo'ever be enrolled 
with the most prominent in the annals of our world. 
Of course no record has been kept of the life 
of one so lowly as Thomas Lincoln. He was among 
the poorest of the poor. His home was a vyretched 
lug -cabin ; his food the coarsest and the meanest. 
Education he had none; he could never either read 
or '.vrite. As soon as he was able to do anything for 
himself, he was compelled to leave the cabin of his 
starving mother, and push out into the world, a friend- 
.ess, wandering boy, seeking work. He hired him- 
self out, and thus sjjent the whole of his youth as a 
laborer in the fields of others. 

When twenty-eight years of age he built a log- 
cal)in of his own, and married Nancy Hanks, the 
daughter of another family of poor Kentucky emi- 
grants, who had also come from Virginia. Their 
second child was Abraham Lincoln, the subject of 
this sketch. The mother of Abraham was a noble 
woman, gentle, loving, pensive, created to adorn 
a palace, doomed to toil and pine, and die in a hovel. 
" AH I hat I am, or hope to be," exclaims the grate- 
ful son "I owe to my angel-mother. 

When he was eight years of age, his father sold his 

cabin and small farm, and moved to Indiana. Where 
two years later his mother died. 

Abraham soon became the scribe of the uneducated 
community around him. He could not have had -j. 
better school than this to teach him to put thoughts 
into words. Lie also became an eager reader. 'I'lie 
Ijooks he could obtain were few ; but these he read 
and re-read until they were almost committed to 

As the years rolled on, the lot of this lowly faniil> 
was the usual lot of humanity. There were joys and 
griefs, weddings and funerals. Abraham's sister 
Sarah, to whom he was tenderly attached, was mar- 
ried wiien a child of but fourteen years of age, and 
soon died. The family was gradually scattered. Mr. 
Thomas Lincoln sold out his squatter's claim in 1830, 
and emigrated to Macon Co., 111. 

Abraham Lincoln was then twenty-one years of age. 
With vigorous hands he aided his father in rearing 
another log-cabin. Abraham worked diligently at this 
until he saw the family comfortably settled, and their 
small lot of enclosed prairie planted with corn, when 
he announced to his father his intention to leave 
home, and to go out into the world and seek his for- 
tune. Little did he or his friends imagine how bril- 
liant that fortune was to be. He saw the value of 
education and was intensely earnest to improve his 
mind to the utmost of his power He saw the ruin 
which ardent spirits were causing, and became 
strictly tem|)erate; refusing to allow a drop of ir.toxi- 
cating liquor to pass his lips. And he had read in 
God's word, "Tliou shalt not take the name of th.-^ 
Lord thy (Jod in vain ;" and a profane expression he 
was never heard to utter. Religion he revered. His 
morals were pure, and he was uncontaminated by a 
single vice. 

Young Abraham woiked for a time as a hired laborer 
among the farmers. Then he went to Springfield, 
where he was employed in building a large flat-boat. 
In this he took a herd of swine, floated them down 
the Sangamon to the Illinois, and thence by the Mis- 
sissippi to New Orleans. Whatever Abraham Lin- 
coln undertook, he performed so faithfully as to give 
great satisfacticn to his employers. In this adven- 



ture his employers were so well pleased, that upon 
his retani they placed a store and mill under his care. 

In 1832, at the outbreak of the Black Hawk war, he 
enlisted and was chosen captain of a company. He 
returned to Sangamon County, and although only 23 
years of age, was a candidate for the Legislature, but 
was defeated. He soon after received from Andrew 
Jackson the appointment of Postmaster of New Salem, 
His only post-office was his hat. All the letters he 
received he carried there ready to deliver to those 
lie chanced to meet. He studied surveying, and soon 
made this his business. In 1834 he again became a 
candidate for the Legislature, and was elected Mr. 
Stuart, of Springfield, advised him to study law. He 
walked from New Salem to Springfield, borrowed of 
Mr. Stuart a load of books, carried them back and 
began his legal studies. When the Legislature as- 
sembled he trudged on foot with his pack on his back 
o;ie hundred miles to Vandalia, then the capital. In 
1836 he was re-elected to the Legislature. Here it 
was lie first met Stephen A. Douglas. In 1839 he re- 
moved to Springfield and began the practice of law. 
His success with the jury was so great that he was 
soon engaged in almost every noted case in the circuit. 

In 1854 the great discussion began between Mr. 
Lincoln and Mr. Douglas, on the slavery question. 
In the organization of the Republican party in Illinois, 
in 1856, he took an active part, and at once became 
one of the leaders in that party. Mr. Lincoln's 
speeches in opposition to Senator Douglas in the con- 
test in r858 for a seat in the Senate, form a most 
notable part of his history. The issue was on the 
ilavery riueUion, and he took the broad ground of 
:he Declaration of Independence, that all men are 
created equal. Mr. Lincoln was defeated in this con- 
test, but won a far higher prize. 

The great Republican Convention met at Chicago 
on the i6th of June, i860. The delegates and 
strangers who Crowded the city amounted to twenty- 
five thousand. An immense building called "The 
Wigwam," was reared to accommodate the Conven- 
tion. There were eleven candidates for whom votes 
were thrown. William H. Seward, a man whose fame 
as a statesman had long filled the land, was the most 
orominent. It was generally supposed be would be 
tiie nominee. Abraham Lincoln, however, received 
the nomination on the third ballot. Little did he then 
dream of the weary years of toil and care, and the 
bloody death, to which that nomination doomed him: 
and as little did he dream that he was to render services 
to his country, which would fix upon him the eyes of 
the whole civilized world, and which would give him 
a place in the affections of his countrymen, second 
cnly, if second, to that of Washington. 

Election day came and Mr. Lincoln received 180 
electoral votes out of 203 cast, and was, therefore, 
constitutionally elected President of the United States. 
The tirade of abuse that was poured upon this good 

and merciful man, especially by the slaveholders, was 
greater than upon any other man ever elected to this 
high position. In February, 1861, Mr. Lincoln started 
for Washington, stopping in all the large cities on his 
way making speeches. The whole journey was frought 
witli much danger. Many of the Southern States had 
already seceded, and several attempts at assassination 
were afterwards brought to light. A gang in Balti- 
more had arranged, upon his arrival to" get up a row," 
and in the confusion to make sure of his death with 
revolvers and hand-grenades. A detective unravelled 
the plot. A secret and special train was provided to 
take him from Harrisburg, through Baltimore, at an 
unexpected hour of the night. The train started at 
half-past ten ; and to prevent any possible communi- 
cation on the part ot the Secessionists with their Con- 
federate gang in Baltimore, as soon as the train had 
started the telegraph-wires were cut. Mr. LincoKi 
reached Washington in safety and was inaugurated, 
although great anxiety was felt by all loyal people. 

In the selection of his cabinet Mr. Lincoln gave 
to Mr Seward the Department of State, and to other 
prominent opponents before the convention he gave 
important positions. 

During no other administration have the duties 
devolving upon the President lieen so manifold, and 
the responsibihties so great, as those which fell to 
the lot of President Lincoln. Knowing this, and 
feeling his own weakness and inability to meet, and in 
his own strength to cope with, the difficulties, he 
learned early to seek Divine wisdom and guidance in 
determining his plans, and Divine comfort in all his 
trials, bo*h personal and national. Contrary to his 
own estimate of himself, Mr. Lincoln was one of the 
most courageous of men. He went directly into the 
rebel capital just as the retreating foe was leaving, 
with no guard but a few sailors. From the time he 
had left Springfield, in 1861, however, plans had been 
made for his assassination, and he at last fell a victim 
to oneof thein, April 14, 1865, he, with Gen. Grant, 
was urgently invited to attend Fords' Theater. It 
was announced that they would be present. Gen. 
Grant, however, left the city. President Lincoln, feel- 
ing, with liis characteristic kindliness of heart, that 
it would be a disappointment if he should fail them, 
very reluctantly consented to go. While listening to 
the play an actor by the name of John Wilkes Booth 
entered the box where the President and family were 
seated, and fired a bullet into his brains. He died the 
next morning at seven o'clock. 

Never before, in the history of the world was a nation 
plunged into such deep grief by the death of its ruler. 
Strong men met in the streets and wept in speechless 
anguish. It is not too much to say that a nation was 
in tears. His was a life which will fitly become a 
model. His name as the savior of his country vHll 
live with that of Washington's, its father; his country- 
men being unable to decide wbirU is the greater. 



teenth President of the United 
' Slates. The early life of 
Andrew Johnson contains but 
the record of poverty, destitu- 
tion and friendlessness. He 
was l)orn December 29, 180S, 
in Raleigh, N. C. His parents, 
belonging to the class of the 
"poor whites " of the South, were 
in such circumstances, that they 
could not confer even the slight- 
est advantages of education ufxin 
their child. When Andrew was five 
years of age, his father accidentally 
lost his life while herorically endeavoring to save a 
friend from drowning. Until ten years of age, Andrew 
was a ragged boy about the streets, supported by the 
labor of his mother, who obtained her living with 
her own hands. 

He then, having never attended a school one day, 
and being unable either to read or write, was ap- 
prenticed to a tailor in his native town. A gentleman 
was in the habit of going to the tailor's shop occasion- 
ally, and reading to the boys at work there. He often 
read from the speeches of distinguished British states- 
men. Andrew, who was endowed with a mind of more 
than ordinary native ability, became much interested 
in these speeches ; his ambition was roused, and he 
was inspired witli a strong desire to learn to read. 

He accordingly applied himself to the alphabet, and 
with the assistance of some of his fellow-workmen, 
learned his letters. He then called upon the gentle- 
man to borrow the book of speeches. The owner. 

pleased with his zeal, not only gave hhii the book., 
but assisted him in learning to combine the letters 
into words. Under such difficulties he pressed oi. 
ward laboriously, spending usually ten or twelve hours 
at work in the shop, and then robbing himself of rest 
and recreation to devote such time as he could to 

He went to Tennessee in 1826, and located at 
Greenville, where he married a young lady who pos 
sessed some education. Under her instructions he 
learned to write and cipher. He became prominent 
in the village debating society, and a favorite with 
the students of Greenville College. In 1828, he or- 
ganized a working man's party, which elected him 
alderman, and in 1830 elected him mayor, which 
position he held three years. 

He now began to take a lively interest in political 
affairs; identifying himself with the working-classes, 
to which he belonged. In 1835, he was elected a 
member of the House of Representatives of Tennes- 
see. He was then just twenty-seven years of age. 
He became a very active member of the legislature, 
gave his adhesion to the Democratic party, and in 
1840 "stumped the State," advocating Martin Tan 
Buren's claims to the Presidency, in opposition to thoSv 
of Gen. Harrison. In this campaign he acquired mucl; 
readiness as a speaker, and extended and increased 
his reputation. 

In 1841, he was elected St.ate Senator; in 1843, he 
was elected a member of Congress, and by successive 
elections, held that important post for ten years In 
1853, he was elected Governor of Tennessee, and 
was re-elected in 1855. In all these resi)on;>ible i)osi 
tions, he discharged his duties with distinguished ab!. 



ity, and proved himself the warm friend of the work- 
ing classes. In 1857, Mr. Johnson was elected 
United States Senator. 

Years before, in 1845, he had warmly advocated 
the annexation of Texas, stating however, as his 
reason, that he thought this annexation would prob- 
ably prove " to be the gateway out of which the sable 
sons of Africa are to pass from bondage to freedom, 
and become merged in a population congenial to 
themselves." In 1850, he also supported the com- 
promise measures, the two essential features of which 
were, that the white people of the Territories should 
be permitted to decide for themselves whether they 
would enslave the colored people or not, and that 
the ""ree States of the North should return to the 
South persons who attempted to escape from slavery. 

Mr. Johnson was never ashamed of his lowly origin: 
on the contrary, he often took pride in avowing that 
he owed his distinction to his own exertions. "Sir,'" 
said he on the floor of the Senate, " I do not forget 
that I am a meclranic ; neither do I forget that Adam 
was a tailor and sewed fig-leaves, and that our Sav- 
ior was the son of a carpenter." 

In the Charleston-Baltimore convention of 1 81,0, he 
ivas the choice of the Tennessee Democrats for the 
Presidency. In 1861, when the purpose of the South- 
irn Democracy became apparent, he took a decided 
Stand in favor of the Union, and held that " slavery 
must be held subordinate to the Union at whatever 
cost." He returned to Tennessee, and repeatedly 
imperiled his own life to protect the Unionists of 
Tennesee. Tennessee having seceded from the 
Union, President Lincoln, on March 4th, 1862, ap- 
pointed him Military Governor of the State, and he 
established the most stringent military rule. His 
numerous proclamations attracted wide attention. In 

1864, he was elected Vice-President of the United 
States, and upon the death of Mr. Lincoln, April 15, 

1865, became President. In a speech two days later 
he said, " The American people must be taught, if 
fhey do not already feel, that treason is a crime and 
must be punished ; that the Government will not 
always bear with its enemies ; that it is strong not 
only to protect, but to punish. * * The people 
must understand that it (treason) is the blackest of 
crimes, and will surely be punished." Yet his whole 
administration, the history of which is so well known, 
was in utter itKonsistency with, and the most violent 

opposition to, the principles laid down in that speech. 

In his loose policy of reconstruction and general 
amnesty, he was opposed by Congress ; and he char- 
acterized Congress as a new rebellion, and lawlessly 
defied it, in everything possible, to the utmost. In 
the beginniiig of 1868, on account of "high crimes 
and misdemeanors," the principal of which was the 
removal of Secretary Stanton, in violation of the Ten- 
ure of Office Act, articles of impeachment were pre- 
ferred against him, and the trial began March 23. 

It was very tedious, continuing for nearly three 
months. A test article of the impeachment was at 
length submitted to the court for its action. It was 
certain that as the court voted upon that article so 
would it vote upon all. Thirty-four voices pronounced 
the President guilty. As a two-thirds vote was neces- 
sary to his condemnation, he was pronounced ac- 
quitted, notwithstanding the great majority against 
him. The change of one vote from the not guilty 
side would have sustained the impeachment. 

The President, for the remainder of his term, was 
but little regarded. He continued, though impotent!;", 
his conflict with Congress. His own party did not 
think it expedient to renominate him for the Presi- 
dency. The Nation rallied, with enthusiasm unpar- 
alleled since the days of Washington, around the name 
of Gen. Grant. Andrew Johnson was forgotten. 
The bullet of the assassin introduced him to the 
President's chair. Notwithstanding this, never was 
there presented to a man a better opportunity to im- 
mortalize his name, and to win the gratitude of a 
nation. He failed utterly. He retired to his home 
in Greenville, Tenn., taking no very active part in 
politics until 1875. On Jan. 26, after an exciting 
struggle, he was chosen by the Legislature of Ten- 
nessee, United States Senator in the forty-fourth Con- 
gress, and took his seat in that body, at the special 
session convened by President Grant, on the 5 th of 
March. On the 27th of July, 1875, the e.x-President 
made a visit to his daughter's home, near Carter 
Station, Tenn. When he started on his journey, he was 
apparently in his usual vigorous health, but on reach- 
ing the residence of his child the following day, was 
stricken with paralysis, rendering him unconscious. 
He rallied occasionally, but finally passed away at 
2 A. M., July 31, aged sixty-seven years. His fun- 
eral was attended at Geenville, on the 3d of August, 
with every demonstration of respect- 






4^ eighteenth President of the 
1|* United States, was born on 

the 29th of April, 1822, of 
Christian parents, in a humble 
w *)) home, at Point Pleasant, on the 
banks of the Ohio. Shortly after 
his father moved to George- 
town, Brown Co., O. In this re- 
mote frontier hamlet, Ulysses 
received a common-school edu- 
cation. At the age of seven- 
teen, in the year 1839, he entered 
the Miliiary Academy at West 
Point. Here he was regarded as a 
solid, sensible \oung man of fair abilities, and of 
sturdy, honest character. He took respectable rank 
as a scholar. In June, 1843, he graduated, about the 
middle in his class, and was sent as lieutenant of in- 
fantry to one of the distant military posts in the Mis- 
souri Territory. Two years he past in these dreary 
solitudes, watching the vagabond and exasperating 

The war with Mexico came. Lieut. Grant was 
sent with his regiment to Corpus Christi. His first 
battle was at Palo Alto. There was no chance here 
for the exhibition of either skill or heroism, nor at 
Resacade la Palma, his second battle. At the battle 
of Monterey, his third engagement, it is said that 
he performed a signal service of daring and skillful 
horsemanship. His biigade had exhausted its am- 
munition. A messenger must be sent for more, along 
■1 route exposed to the bullets of the foe. Lieut. 
Grant, adopting an expedient learned of the Indians, 
grasped the mane of his horse, and hanging u])on one 
side of the anir«vil, ran the gauntlet in entire safety. 

From Monterey he was sent, with the fourth infantry, 
10 aid Gen. Scott, at the siege of Vera Cruz. In 
preparation for the march to the city of Mexico, he 
was appointed quartermaster of his regiment. At the 
battle of Molino del Rev, he was promoted to a 
first lieutenancy, and was brevetted captain at Cha- 

At the close of the Mexican War, Capt. Grant re- 
turned with his regiment to New York, and was again 
sent to one of the military posts on the frontier. The 
discovery of gold in California causing an immense 
tide of emigration to flow to the Pacific shores, Capt. 
Grant was sent with a battalion to Fort Dallas, in 
Oregon, for the protection of the interests of the im- 
migrants. Life was wearisome in those wilds. Capt. 
Grant resigned his commission and returned to the 
States; and having married, entered upon the cultiva- 
tion of a small farm near St. Louis, Mo. He had but 
little skill as a farmer. Finding his toil not re- 
munerative, he turned to mercantile life, entering into 
the leather business, with a younger brother, at (ia- 
lena. 111. This was in the year i860. As the tidings 
of the rebels firing on Fort Sumpter reached the ears 
of Capt. Grant in his counting-room, he said, — 
"Uncle Sam has educated me for the army; though 
I have served him through one war, I do not feel that 
I have yet repaid the debt. I am still ready to discharge 
my obligations. I shall therefore buckle on my sword 
and see Uncle Sam through this war too." 

He went into the streets, raised a company of vol- 
unteers, and led them as their captain to Springfield, 
the capital of the State, where their services were 
offered to Gov. Yates. The Governor, impressed by 
the zeal and straightforward executive ability of Capt. 
Grant, gave him a desk in his office, to assist in the 
volunteer organization that was being formed in the 
State in behalf of the Government. On the 15th of 



Tune, 1861, Capt. Grant received a commission as 
Colonel of the Twenty-first Regiment of Illinois Vol- 
unteers. His merits as a West Point graduate, who 
had served for 15 years in the regular army, were such 
that he was soon promoted to the rank of Brigadier- 
General and was placed in command at Cairo. The 
rebels raised their banner at Paducah, near the mouth 
of the Tennessee River. Scarcely had its folds ap- 
peared in the breeze ere Gen. Grant was there. The 
rebels fled. Their banner fell, and the star and 
stripes were unfurled in its stead. 

He entered the service with great determination 
and immediately began active duty. This was the be- 
ginning, and until the surrender of Lee at Richmond 
he was ever pushing the enemy with great vigor and 
effectiveness. At Belmont, a few days later, he sur- 
prised and routed the rebels, then at Fort Henry 
won another victory. Then came the brilliant fight 
at Fort Donelson. The nation was electrified by the 
victory, and the brave leader of the boys in blue was 
immediately made a Major-General, and the military 
district of Tennessee was assigned to him. 

Like all great captains. Gen. Grant knew well how 
to secure the results of victory. He immediately 
pushed on to the enemies' lines. Then came the 
terrible battles of Pittsburg Landing, Corinth, and the 
siege of Vicksburg, where Gen. Pemberton made an 
unconditional surrender of the city with over thirty 
thousand men and one-hundred and seventy-two can- 
non. The fall of Vicksburg was by far the most 
severe blow which the rebels liad thus far encountered, 
andonened up the Mississippi from Cairo to the Gulf. 

Gen. Grant was next ordered to co-operate with 
Gen. Banks in a movement upon Texas, and pro- 
ceeded to New Orleans, where he was thrown from 
his horse, and received severe injuries, from which he 
was laid up for months. He then rushed tc the aid 
of Gens. Rosecrans and Thomas at Chattanooga, and 
by a v/onderful series of strategic and technical meas- 
ures put the Union Army in fighting condition. Then 
followed the bloody battles at Chattanooga, Lookout 
Mountain and Missionary Ridge, in which the rebels 
were routed with great loss. This won for him un- 
bounded praise in the North. On the 4th of Febru- 
ary, 1864, Congress revived the grade of lieutenant- 
general, and the rank was conferred on Gen. Grant. 
He repaired to Washington to receive his credentials 
.ind enter upon '.'if duties of his new office. 

Gen. Grant decided as soon as he took charge of 
the army to concentrate the widely-dispersed National 
troops for an attack upon Richmond, the nominal ■ 
capital of the Rebellion, and endeavor there to de- 
stroy the rebel armies which would be promptly as- 
sembled from all quarters for its defence. The whole 
continent seemed to tremble under the tramp of these 
majestic armies, rushing to the decisive battle field. 
Steamers were crowded with troops. Railway trains 
were burdened with closely packed thousands. His 
plans were comprehensive and involved a series of 
campaigns, which were executed with remarkable en- 
etgy and ability, and were consummated at the sur- 
render of Lee, April 9, 1865. 

Tlie war was ended. The Union was saved. The 
almost unanimous voice of the Nation declared Gen. 
Grant to be the most prominent instrument in its sal- 
vation. The eminent services he had thus rendered 
the country brought him conspicuously forward as the 
Republican candidate for the Presidential chair. 

At the Republican Convention held at Chicago. 
May 21, 1868, he was unanimously nominated for the 
Presidency, and at the autumn election received a 
majority of the popular vote, and 214 out of 294 
electoral votes. 

The National Convention of the Republican party 
which met at Philadelphia on the 5th of June, 1872, 
placed Gen. Grant in nomination for a second term 
by a unanimous vote. The selection was emphati- 
cally indorsed by the people five months later, 292 
electoral votes being cast for him. 

Soon after the close of his second term, Gen. Grant 
started upon his famous trip around the world. He 
visited almost every country of the civilized world, 
and was everywhere received with such ovations 
and demonstrations of respect and honor, private 
as well as public and official, as were never before 
bestowed uixin any citizen of the United States. 

He was the most prominent candidate before the 
Republican National Convention in 1880 for a re-, 
nomination for President. He went to New York and 
embarked in the brokerage business under the firm 
nameof Grant & Ward.' The latter proved a villain, 
wrecked Grant's fortune, and for larceny was sent to 
the penitentiary. The General was attacked with 
cancer in the throat, but suff'ered in his stoic-like 
manner, never complaining. He was re-instated as 
General of the Army and retired by Congress. The 
cancer soon finished its deadly work, and July 23, 
1885, the nation went in mourning over the death of 
' the illustrious General. 









m rutheri:qrb b* hayes. ^^ 

the nineteenth President of 
'the United States, was born in 
Delaware, O., Oct. 4, 1822, al- 
most three months after the 
'•^ death of his father, Rutherford 
Hayes. His ancestry on both 
the paternal and maternal sides, 
was of the most honorable char- 
acter. It can be traced, it is said, 
as far back as 1280, when Hayes and 
Rutherford were two Scottish chief- 
tains, fighting side by side with 
Baliol, William Wallace and Robert 
Bruce. Both families belonged to the 
nobility, owned extensive estates, 
' and had a large following. Misfor- 
tune ov-.:i<aking the family, George Hayes left Scot- 
land in 1680, and settled in Windsor, Conn. His son 
George was. born in Windsor, and remained there 
during his li.'e. Daniel Hayes, son of the latter, mar- 
ried Sarah L-^e, and lived from the time of his mar- 
riage until his death in Simsbury, Conn. Ezekiel, 
son of Daniel, was born in 1724, and was a manufac- 
turer of scythe J at Bradford, Conn. Rutherford Hayes, 
son of Ezekiel ai/d grandfather of President Hayes, was 
born in New Haven, in August, 1756. He was a farmer, 
blacksmith and tavern-keeper. He emigrated to 
Vermont at an unknown date, settling in Brattleboro, 
where he established a hotel. Here his son Ruth- 
erford Hayes the father of President Hayes, was 

born. He was married, in September, 18 13, to Sophia 
Birchard, of Wilmington, Vt., whose ancestors emi- 
grated thither from Connecticut, they having been 
among the wealthiest and best famlies of Norwich. 
Her ancestry on the male side are traced back tc 
r635, to John Birchard, one of the principal founders 
of Norwich. Both of her grandfathers were soldiers 
in the Revolutionary War. 

The father of President Hayes was an industrious 
frugal and opened-hearted man. He was of a me 
chanical turn, and could mend a plow, knit a slock- 
ing, or do almost anything else that he choose to 
undertake. He was a member of the Church, active 
in all the benevolent enterprises of the town, and con- 
ducted his business on Christian principles. After 
the close of the war of 181 2, for reasons ine.xplicable 
to his neighbors, he resolved to emigrate to Ohio. 

The journey from Vermont to Ohio in that day. 
when there were no canals, steamers, nor railways, 
was a very serious affair. A tour of inspection was 
first made, occupying four months. Mr. Hayes deter- 
mined to move to Delaware, where the family arrived 
in r8T7. He died July 22, 1822, a victim of 
fever, less than three months before the birth of the 
son, of whom we now write. Mrs. Hayes, in her sore be- 
reavement, found the su])port she so much needed in 
her brother Sardis, who had been a member of the 
household from the day of its departure from Ver~ 
mont, and in an orphan girl whom she had adopted 
some time before as an act of charity. 

Mrs. Hayes at this period was very weak, and the 



subject of this sketch was so feeble at birth that he 
was not expected to live beyond a month or two at 
most. As the months went by he grew weaker and 
weaker, so that the neighbors were in the habit of in- 
quiring from time to time " if Mrs. Hayes' baby died 
last night." On one occasion a neighbor, who was on 
familiar terms with the family, after alluding to the 
boy's big head, and the mother's assiduous care of 
nim, said in a bantering way, " That's right ! Stick to 
him. You have got him along so far, and I shouldn't 
wonder if he would really come to something yet." 

" You need not laugh," said Mrs. Hayes. "You 
■vait and see. You can't tell but I shall make him 
President of the United States yet." The boy lived, 
in spite of the universal predictions of his speedy 
death; and when, in 1825, his older brother was 
drowned, he became, if possible, still dearer to his 

The boy was seven years old before he went to 
school. His education, however, was not neglected. 
He probably learned as much from his mother and 
sister as he would have done at school. His sports 
were almost wholly within doors, his playmates being 
his sister and her associates. These circumstances 
tended, no doubt, to foster that gentleness of dispo- 
sition, and that delicate consideration for the feelings 
of others, which are marked traits of his character. 

His uncle Sardis Birchard took the deepest interest 
in his education; and as the boy's health had im- 
proved, and he was making good progress in his 
studies, he proposed to send him to college. His pre- 
paration commenced with a tutor at home; but he 
was afterwards sent for one year to a professor in the 
^Vesleyan University, in Middletown, Conn. He en- 
tered Kenyon College in 1838, at the age of sixteen, 
and was graduated at the head of his class in 1842. 

Immediately after his graduation he began the 
study of law in the office of Thomas Sparrow, Esq., 
in Columbus. Finding his opportunities for study in 
Columbus somewhat limited, he determined to enter 
the Law School at Cambridge, Mass., where he re- 
mained two years. 

In 1845, after graduatmg at the Law School, he was 
admitted to the bar at Marietta, Ohio, and shortly 
afterward went into practice as an attorney-at-law 
with Ralph P. Buckland, of Fremont. Here he re- 
mained three years, acquiring but a limited practice, 
and apparently unambitious of distinction in his pro- 

In 1849 he moved to Cincmnati, where his ambi- 
tion found a new stimulus. For several years, how- 
ever, his progress was slow. Two events, occurring at 
this period, had a powerful influence upon his subse- 
quent life. One of these was his marrage with Miss 
Lucy Ware Webb, daughter of Dr. James Webb, of 
Chilicothe; the other was his introduction to the Cin- 
cinnati Literary Club, a body embracing among its 
members suck men as'^hief justice Salmon P.Chase, 

Gen. John Pope, Gov. Edward F. Noyes, and many 
others hardly less distinguished in afterlife. The 
marriage was a fortunate one in every respect, as 
everybody knows. Not one of all the wives of our 
Presidents was more universally admired, reverenced 
and beloved than was Mrs. Hayes, and no one did 
more than she to reflect honor upon American woman- 
hood. The Literary Cluu brought Mr. Haye3 into 
constant association with young men of high char- 
acter and noble aims, and lured him to display t'.ie 
qualities so long hidden by his bashfulness and 

In 1856 he was nominated to the office of Judg? of 
the Court of Common Pleas; but he declined to ac- 
cept the nomination. Two years later, the office ot 
city solicitor becoming vacant, the City Council 
elected him for the unexpired term. 

In 1 861, when the Rebellion broke out, he was at 
the zenith of his professional life. His rank at the 
bar was among tlie the first. But the news of the 
attack on Fort Sunqjter found him eager to take up 
arms for the defense of his coimtry. 

His military record was bright and illustrious. In 
October, 1861, he was made Lieutenant-Colonel, and 
in August, 1 86 2, promoted Colonel of the 79th Ohio 
regiment, but he refused to leave his old comrades 
and go among strangers. Subsequently, however, he 
was made Colonel of his old regiment. At the battle 
of South Mountain he received a wound, and while 
faint and bleeding displayed courage and fortitude 
that won admiration from all. 

Col. Hayes was detached from his regiment, after 
his recovery, to act as Brigadier-General, and placed 
in command of the celebrated Kanawha division, 
and for gallant and meritorious services in the battles 
of Winchester, Fisher's Hill and Cedar Creek, he was 
promoted Brigadier-General. He was also brevetted 
Major-General, "for gallant and distinguished f ervices 
during the campaigns of 1864, in West Virginia." In 
the course of his arduous services, four horses were 
shpt from under him,^nd he was wounded four times 

In 1S64, Gen. Hayes was elected to Congress, from 
the Second Ohio District, which had long been Dem- 
ocratic. He was not present during the campaign, 
and after his election was importuned to resign his 
commission in the army ; but he finally declared, "I 
shall never come to Washington until I can come by 
the way of Richmond." He was re-elected in 1866. 

Ii^ 1867, Gen Hayes was elected Governor of Ohio, 
over Hon. Allen G. Thurman, a popular Democrat. 
In t869 was re-elected over George H. Pendleton. 
He was elected Governor for the third term in 1875. 

In 1876 he was the standard bearer of the Repub- 
lican Party in the Presidential contest, and after a 
hard long contest was chosen President, and was in 
augurated Monday, March 5, 1875. He served his 
full term, not, however, with satisfaction to his party, 
but his administration was an average on.r 




^7^f ^^^>77^t 


-/il „, ,„ „, .. ^ „, , ''% 

AMES A. GARl'IELU, twen- 
tieth President of the United 
States, was born Nov. ig, 
1831, in the woodsof Orange, 
Cuyahoga Co., O His par- 
ents were Abram and Ehza 
(Ballon) Garfield, both of New 
England ancestry and from fami- 
lies well known in the early his- 
'\, tory of that section of our coun- 
try, but had moved to the Western 
Reserve, in Ohio, eariy in its settle- 
ment. • 

The house in which James A. was 
born was not unlike the houses of 
poor Ohio farmers of that day. It 
j.&% about 20 X 30 feet, built of logs, with the spaces be-- 
vween the logs filled with clay. His father was a 
.lard working farmer, and he soon had his fields 
cleared, an orchard planted, and a log barn built, 
f he household comprised the father and mother and 
their four children — Mehetaljel, Thomas, Mary and 
Tames. In May, 1823, the father, from a cold con- 
tracted in helping to put out a forest fire, died. At 
this time James was about eighteen months old, and 
Thomas about ten years old. No one, perhaps, can 
fell how much James was indel^ted to his biother's 
toil and self sacrifice during the twenty years suc- 
ceeding liis father's death, but undoul)tedly very 
much. He now lives in Michigan, and the two si s- 
xers live in Solon, C, near their birthplace. 

The early educational advantages young Garfield 
enjoyed were very limited, yet he made the most of 
them. He labored at farm work for others, did car- 
penter work, chopped wood, or did anythiiig that 
would bring in a few dolkirs to aid his widowed 
mother in he- 'imggles to keep the little family to- 

gether. Nor was Gen. Ciarfield ever ashamed of hi^ 
origin, and he never forgot the friends of his strug- 
gling childhood, youth and manhood, neither did they 
ever forget him. When in the highest seats of honor, 
the humblest fiiend of his boyhood was as kindly 
greeted as ever. The poorest laborer was sureof the 
sympathy of one who had known all the bitterness 
of want and the sweetness of bread earned by the 
sweat of the brow. He was ever the simple, plain, 
modest gentleman. 

The highest ambition of young Garfield until he 
was about sixteen years old was to be a captain of 
a vessel on Lake Erie. He was anxious to go aboard 
a vessel, which his mother strongly opposed. She 
finally consented to his going to Cleveland, with the 
understanding, however, that he should try to obtain 
some other kind of employment. He walked all the 
way to Cleveland. This was his first visit to the city. 
After making many applications for work, and trying 
to get aboard a lake vessel, and not meeting with 
success, he engaged as a driver for his cousin, Amos 
Letcher, on the Ohio & Pennsylvania Canal. Here- 
mained at this work but a short time when he went 
home, and attended the seminary at Chester for 
about three years, when he entered Hiram and the 
Eclectic Institute, teaching a few terms of school in 
the meantime, and doing other work. This school 
was started by the Disciples of Christ in 1850, of 
which church he was then a member. He became 
janitor and bell-ringer in order to help pay his way. 
He then became both teacher and pupil. He soon 
" exhausted Hiram " and needed more ; hence, in the 
fall of 1854, heentered \Villiams College, from which 
he graduated in 1856, taking one of the highest hon- 
ors of his class. He afterwards returned to Hiram 
College as its President. As above slated, he early 
united with the Christian or Diciples Church at 
Hiram, and was ever after a devoted, zealous mem- 
ber, often preaching in its pulpit and places where 
he happened to be. Dr. Noah Porter, President of 
Yale College, says of him in reference to his religion : 



" President Garfield was more than a man of 
strong moral and religious convictions. His whole 
history, from boyhood to the last, shows that duty to 
man and to God, and devotion to Christ and life and 
faith and spiritual commission were controlling springs 
of liis being, and to a more than usual degree. In 
my j.idgment there is no more interesting feature of 
his character than his loyal allegiance to the body of 
Christians in which he was trained, and the fervent 
sympathy which he ever showed in their Christian 
communion. Not many of the few 'wise and mighty 
and noble who are called' show a similar loyalty to 
the less stately and cultured Christian communions 
in which they have been reared. Too often it is true 
that as they step upward in social and political sig- 
nificance they step upward from one degree to 
another in some of the many types of fashionable 
Christianity. President Garfield adhered to the 
church of his mother, the church in which he was 
trained, and in which he served as a pillar and an 
evangelist, and yet with the largest and most unsec- 
larian charity for all 'who loveour Lord in sincerity.'" 

Mr. Garfield was united in marriage with Miss 
Lucretia Rudolph, Nov. ii, 1858, who proved herself 
worthy as the wife of one whom all the world loved and 
mourned. To them were born seven children, five of 
whom are still living, four boys and one girl. 

Mr. Garfieldmade his first political speeches in 1856, 
in Hiram and the neighboring villages, and three 
years later he began to speak at county mass-meet- 
ings, and became the favorite speaker wherever he 
was. During this year he was elected to the Ohio 
Senate. He also began to study law at Cleveland, 
and in 1861 was admitted to the bar. The great 
Rebellion broke out in the early part of tliis year, 
and Mr. Garfield at once resolved to fight as he had 
talked, and enlisted to defend the old flag. He re- 
ceived his commission as Lieut.-Colonel of the Forty- 
second Regiment of Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Aug. 
14,1861. He was immediately put into active ser- 
vice, and before he had ever seen a gun fired in action, 
was placed in command of four regiments of infantry 
and eight companies of cavalry, charged with the 
work of driving out of his native State the officer 
(Humphrey M^.rshall) reputed to be the ablest of 
those, not educated to war whom Kentucky had given 
to the Rebellion. This work was bravely and speed- 
ily accomplished, although against great odds. Pres- 
ident Lincoln, on his success commissioned him 
Brigadier-General, Jan. 10, 1862; and as "he had 
been the youngest man in the Ohio Senate two years 
before, so now he was the youngest General in the 
army." He was with Gen. Buell's army at Shiloh, 
in its operations around Corinth and its march through 
Alabama. He was then detailed as a memberof the 
General Court-Martial for the trial of Gen. Fitz-John 
Porter. He was then ordered to report to Gen. Rose- 
crans, and was assigned to the "Chief of Staff." 

The military history of Gen. Garfield closed with 

his brilliant services at Chickamauga, where he won 
the stars of the Major-General. 

Without an effort on his part Gei? Garfield wan 
elected to Congress in the fall of 1862 from the 
Nineteenth District of Ohio. This section of Ohio 
had been represented in Congress for sixty years 
mainly by two men — Elisha Whittlesey and Joshua 
R. Giddings. It was not without a struggle that he 
resigned his place in the army. At the time he en- 
tered Congress he was the youngest member in that 
body. Thers^ he remained by successive re- 
elections until he was elected President in 1880. 
Of his labors in Congress Senator Hoar says : " Since 
tlie year 1864 you cannot think of a question which 
has been debated in Congress, or discussed before a 
tribunel of the American people, in regard to which 
you will not find, if you wish mstruction, the argu- 
ment on one side stated, in almost every instance 
better than by anybody else, in some speech made in 
the House of Representatives or on the hustings by 
Mr. Garfield." 

Upon Jan. 14, 1880, Gen. Garfield was elected to 
the U. S. Senate, and on the eighth of June, of the 
same year, was nominated as the candidate of his 
party for President at the great Chicago Convention. 
He was elected in the following November, and on 
March 4, 1881, was inaugurated. Probably no ad- 
ministration ever opened its existence under brighter 
auspices than that of President Garfield, and every 
day it grew in favor with the people, and by the first 
of July he had completed all the initiatory and pre- 
liminary work of his administration and was prepar- 
ing to leave the city to meet his friends at Williams 
College. While on his way and at the depot, in com- 
pany with Secretary Blaine, a man stepped behind 
him, drew a revolver, and fired directly at his back. 
The President tottered and fell, and as he did so the 
assassin fired a second shot, the bullet cutting the 
left coat sleeve of his victim, but inflicting no farther 
injury. It has been very truthfully said that this was 
" the shot that was heard round the world " Never 
before in the history of the Nation had anything oc- 
curred which so nearly froze the blood of the people 
for the moment, as this awful deed. He was smit- 
ten on the brightest, gladdest day of all his life, and 
was at the summit of his power and hope. For eighty 
days, all during the hot months of July and August, 
lie lingered and suffered. He, however, remained 
master of himself till the last, and by his magnificent 
bearing was teaching the country and the world the 
noblest of human lessons — how to live grandly in the 
very clutch of death. Great in life, he was surpass- 
ingly great in death. He passed serenely away Sept. 
19, 1883, at Elberon, N. J , on the very bank of the 
ocean, where he had been taken shortly previous. The 
world wept at his death, as it never had done on the 
death of any other man who had ever lived upon it. 
The murderer was duly tried, found guilty and exe- 
cuted, in one year after he committed the foul deed. 




twenty-first PresiX-iu of the 

f!.i"United States was born in 

Franklin Cour ty, Vermont, on 

*> thefiftliSfOc'ober, 1S30, andis 

the oldest of a family of two 

sons and five daughters. His 

father was the Rev. Dr. William 

Arthur, aBaptistc''.rgyman,who 

emigrated to tb.s counti^ frotn 

the county Antrim, Ireland, in 

his 1 8th year, and died in 1875, in 

Newton ville, neai Albany, after a 

long and successful ministry. 

Young Arthur was educated at 
Union College, S( henectady, where 
he excelled in all his studies. Af- 
ter his graduation he taught school 
in Vermont for two years, and at 
the expiration cf that time came to 
New York, with $500 in his pocket, 
and entered the office of e.x-Judge 
E. D. Culver as student. After 
being admitted to the bar he formed 
i. partnership with his intimate friend and room-mate, 
Henry D. Gardiner, with the intention of practicing 
in the West, and for three months they roamed about 
in the Western States in search of an eligible site, 
but in the end returned to New York, where they 
hung out their shingle, and entered upon a success^ 
ful career almost from the start. General Arthur 
soon afterward niarrpd the daughter of Lieutenant 

Herndon, of the United States Navy, who was lost at 
sea. Congress voted a gold medal to his widow in 
recognition of the bravery he displayed on that occa- 
sion. Mrs. Arthur died shortly before Mr. Arthur's 
nommation to the Vice Presidency, leaving two 

Gen. Arthur obtained considerable legal celebrity 
in his first great case, ihp famous Lemmon suit, 
brought to recover possession of eight slaves who had 
been declared free by Judge Paine, of the Superior 
Court of New York City. It was in 1852 that Ion. 
athan Lemmon, of Virginia, went to New York with 
his slaves, intending to ship them to Texas, when 
they were discovered and freed. The Judge decided 
that they could not be held by the owner under the 
Fugitive Slave Law. A howl of rage went up from 
the South, and the Virginia Legislature authorized the 
Attorney General of that State to assist in an appeal. 
Wm. M. Evarts and Chester A. Arthur were employed 
to represent the People, and they won their case, 
which then went to the Supreme Court of the United 
States. Charles O'Conor here espoused the cause 
of the slave-holders, but h.e too was beaten by Messrs 
Evarts and Arthur, and a long step was taken toward 
the emancipation of the black race. 

Another great service was rendered by General 
Arthur in the same cause in 1856. Lizzie Jennings, 
a respectable colored woman, was put off a Fourth 
Avenue car with violence after she had paid her fare. 
General Arthur sued on her behalf, and secured a 
verdict of $500 damages. The next day the compa- 
ny issued an order to admit colored persons to ride 
on their cars, and the other car companies quickly 



followed their example. Before that the Sixth Ave- 
nue Company ran a few special cars for colored per- 
sons and the other lines refused to let them ride at all. 

General Arthur was a delegate to the Convention 
at Saratoga that founded the Republican party. 
Previous to the war he was Judge- Advocate of the 
Second Brigade of the State of New York, and Gov- 
ernor Morgan, of that State, appointed him Engineer- 
;n-Chief of his staff. In 1861, he was made Inspec- 
tor General, and soon afterward became Quartermas- 
ter-General. In each of these offices he rendered 
great service to the Government during the war. At 
the end of Governor Morgan's term he resumed the 
practice of the law, forming a partnership with Mr. 
Ransom, and then Mr. Phelps, the District Attorney 
of New Yoik, was added to the firm. The legal prac- 
tice of this well-known firm was very large and lucra- 
tive, each of the gentlemen composing it were able 
lawyers, and possessed a splendid local reputation, if 
not indeed one of national extent. 

He always took a leading part in State and city 
politics. He was appointed Collector of the Port of 
New York by President Grant, Nov. 21 1872, to suc- 
ceed Thomas Murphy, and held the office until July, 
20, 1878, when he was succeeded by Collector Merritt. 

Mr. Arthur was nominated on the Presidential 
ticket, with Gen. James A. Garfield, at the famous 
National Republican Convention held at Chicago in 
June, 1880. This was perhaps the greatest political 
convention that ever assembled on the continent. It 
was composed of the 'sading politicians of the Re- 
publican party, all able men, and each stood firm and 
fought vigorously and with signal tenacity for their 
respective candidates that were before the conven- 
tion for the nomination. Finally Gen. Garfield re- 
ceived the nomination for President and Gen. Arthur 
for Vice-President. The campaign which followed 
was one of the most animated known in the history of 
our country. Gen. Hancock, the standard-bearer of 
the Democratic party, was a popular man, and his 
party made a valiant fight for his election. 

Finally the election came and the coui^ry's choice 
.vas Garfield and Arthur. They were inaugurated 
March 4, 1881, as President and Vice-President. 
A few months only had passed ere the newly chosen 
President was the victim of the assassin's bullet. Then 
came terrible weeks of suffering, — those moments of 
anxious suspense, vvher the hearts of all civilized na- 

tions were throbbing in unison, longing for the re- 
covery of the noble, the good President. The remark- 
able patience that he manifested during those hours 
and weeks, and even months, of the most terrible suf- 
fering man has often been called upon to endure, was 
seemingly more than human. It was certainly God- 
like. During all this period of deepest anxiety Mr. 
Arthur's every move was watched, and be it said to his 
credit that his every action displayed only an earnest 
desire that the suffering Garfield might recover, to 
serve the remainder of the term he had so auspi- 
ciously begun. Not a selfish feeling was manifested 
in deed or look of this man, even though the most 
honored ]xisition in the world was at any moment 
likely to fall to him. 

At last God in his mercy relieved President Gar- 
field from further suffering, and the world, as never 
before in its history over the death of any other 
man, wept at his bier. Then it became the duty of 
the Vice President to assume the responsibilities of 
the high office, and he took the oath in New York, 
Sept. 20, i88r. The position was an embarrassing 
one to him, made doubly so from the facts that all 
eyes were on him, anxious to know what he would do, 
what policy he would pursue, and who he would se- 
lect as advisers. The duties of the oflSce had been 
greatly neglected during the President's long illness, 
and many important measures were to be immediately 
decided by him ; and still farther to embarrass him he 
did not fail to realize under what circumstances he 
became President, and knew the feelings of many on 
this point. Under these trying circumstances President 
Arthur took the reins of the Government in his own 
hands ; and, as embarrassing as were the condition of 
affairs, he happily surprised the nation, acting so 
wisely that but few criticised his administration. 
He served the nation well and faithfully, until the 
close of his administration, March 4, 1885, and was 
a popular candidate before his party for a second 
term. His name was ably presented before the con- 
vention at Chicago, and was received with great 
favor, and doubtless but for the personal popularity 
of one of the opposing candidates, he would liave 
been selected as the standard-bearer of his party 
for another campaign. He retired to private life car- 
rying with him the best wishes of the American peo- 
ple, whom he had served in a manner satisfactory 
to them and with credit to himself. 

cyii:rt£y^ C/^-i.^i^cc 



51? CS 


\xm^tx Clewfant. 


LANDjtlietvventy-second Pres- 
ident of the United States, was 
born in 1837, in tlie obscure 
town of Caldwell, Essex Co., 
N. J., and in a little two-and-a- 
half-story white house which is still 
standing, characteristically to mark 
the huiTible birth-place of one of 
America's great men in striking con- 
trast with the Old World, where all 
men high in office must be high in 
origin and born in the cradle of 
wealth. When the subject of this 
sketch was three years of age, his 
father, who was a Presbyterian min- 
ister, with a large family and a small salary, moved, 
by way of the Hudson River and Erie Canal, to 
Fayetteville, in search of an increased income and a 
larger field of work. Fayetteville was then the most 
straggling of country villages, about five miles from 
Pompey Hill, where Governor Seymour was born. 

At the last mentioned place young Giover com- 
menced going to school in the "good, old-fashioned 
way," and presumably distinguished himself after the 
manner of all village boys, in doing the things he 
ought not to do. Such is the distinguishing trait of 
all geniuses and independent thinkers. When he 
arrived at the age of 14 years, he had outgrown the 
capacity of the village school and expressed a most 

emphatic desire to be sent to an academy. To this 
his father decidedly objected, .\cademies in those 
days cost money; besides, his father wanted him to 
become self-supporting by the quickest possible 
means, and this at that time in Fayetteville seemed 
to be a position in a country store, where iiis father 
and the large family on his hands had considerable 
influence. Grover was to be paid $50 for his services 
the first year, and if he proved trustworthy he was to 
receive $100 the second year. Here the lad com- 
menced his career as salesman, and in two years he 
had earned so good a reputation for trustworthiness 
that his employers desired to retain him for an in- 
definite length of time. Otherwise he did not ex- 
hibit as yet any particular " flashes of genius " or 
eccentricities of talent. He was simply a good boy. 
But instead of remaining with this firm in Fayette- 
ville, he werit with the family in their removal to 
Clinton, where he had an opportunity of attending a 
high school. Here he industriously pursued his 
studies until the family removed with him to a point 
on Black River known as the " Holland Patent," a 
village of 500 or 600 people, 15 miles north of Utica, 
N. Y. At this place his father died, after preaching 
but three Sundays. This event broke up the family, 
and Grover set out for New York City to accept, at a 
small salary, the position of " under-teacher " in an 
asylum for the blind. He taught faithfully for two 
years, and although he obtained a good reputation in 
this capacity, he concluded that teaching was not his 



calling for life, and, reversing the traditional order, 
he left the city to seek his fortune, instead of going 
to a city. He first thought of Cleveland, Ohio, as 
there was some charm in that name for him; but 
before proceeding to that place he went to Buffalo to 
•isk the advice of his uncle, Lewis F. Allan, a noted 
stock-breeder of that place. The latter did not 
speak enthusiastically. " What is it you want to do, 
my boy.''" he asked. "Well, sir, I want to study 
law," was the reply. " Good gracious ! " remarked 
ihe old gentleman ; "do you, indeed .' What ever put 
that into your head .'' How much money have you 
got?" '-Well, sir, to tell the truth, I haven't got 

After a long consultation, his uncle offered him a 
place temporarily as assistant herd-keeper, at $50 a 
year, while he could "look around." One day soon 
afterward he boldly walked into the office of Rogers, 
Bowen & Rogers, of Buffalo, and told ihem what he 
wanted. A number of young men were already en- 
gaged in the office, but Grover's persistency won, and 
ne was finally permitted to come as an office boy and 
have the use of the law library, for the nominal sum 
of $3 or %\ a week. Out of this he had to pay for 
his board and washing. The walk to and from his 
uncle's was a long and rugged one; and, although 
the first winter was a memorably severe one, his 
shoes were out of repair and his overcoat — he had 
none — yet he was nevertheless prompt and regular. 
On the first day of his service here, his senior em- 
ployer threw down a copy of Blackstone before him 
with a bang that made the dust fly, saying "That's 
v.-here they all begin." A titter ran around the little 
circle of clerks and students, as they thought that 
was enough to Scare young Grover out of his plans ; 
but in due time he mastered that cumbersome volume. 
Tlien, as ever afterward, however, Mr. Cleveland 
exhibited a talent for executiveness rather than for 
chasing principles through all their metaphysical 
possibilities. " Let us quit talking and go and do 
it," was practically his motto. 

The first public office to which Mr. Cleveland was 
ejected was that of Sheriff of Erie Co., N. Y., in 
which Buffalo is situated; and in such capacity it fell 
to his duty to inflict capital punishment upon two 
criminals. In 1881 he was elected Mayor of the 
City of Buffalo, on the Democratic ticket, with es- 
pecial reference to the bringing about certain reforms 

in the administration of the municipal affairs of that 
city. In this office, as well as that of Sheriff, his 
performance of duty has generally been considered 
fair, with possibly a few exceptions which were fer- 
reted out and magnified during the last Presidential 
campaign. As a specimen of his plain language in 
a veto message, we quote from one vetoing an iniqui- 
tous street-cleaning contract: "This is a time foi 
plain speech, and my objection to your action shall 
be plainly stated. I regard it as the culmination of 
a mos bare-faced, impudent and shameless scheme 
to betray the interests of the peopls and to worse 
than squander the people's money," The New York 
Sun afterward very highly commended Mr. Cleve- 
land's administration as Mayor of Buffalo, and there- 
upon recommended him for Governor of the Empire 
State. To the latter office he was elected in 1S82, 
and his administration of the affairs of State was 
generally satisfactory. The mistakes he made, if 
any, were made very public throughout the nation 
after he was nominated for President of the United 
States. For this high office he was nominated July 
II, 1884, by the National Democratic Convention at 
Chicago, when other competitors were Thomas F. 
Bayard, Roswell P. Flower, Thomas A. Hendricks, 
Benjamin F. Butler, Allen G. Thurman, etc.; and he 
was elected by the people, by a majority of about a 
thousand, over the brilliant and long-tried Repub-> 
lican statesman, James G. Blaine. President Cleve- 
land resigned his office as Governor of New York in 
January, 18S5, in order to prepare for his duties as 
the Chief Executive of the United States, in which 
capacity his term commenced at noon on the 4th of 
March, 1885. For his Cabinet officers he selected 
the following gentlemen: For Secretary of State, 
Thomas F. Bayard, of Delaware ; Secretary of the 
Treasury, Daniel Manning, of New York ; Secretary 
of War, William C. Endicott, of Massachusetts ; 
Secretary of the Nav}', William C. Whitney, of New 
York; Secretary of the Interior, L. Q. C. Lamar, of 
Mississippi; Postmaster-General, William F. Vilas, 
of Wisconsin ; Attorney-General, A. H. Garland, of 

The silver question precipitated a controversy be- 
tween those who were in favor of the continuance of 
silver coinage and those who were opposed, Mr. 
Cleveland answering for the latter, even before his 

, c>V^ 






Cwenty-thiid President, is 
thedesceiulant of one of the 
liistoi'ical families of this 
jil^ country. The head of tlie 
, J^.rija faniil}' was a Major General 
■^Li'^^ Harrison, one of Oliver 
hyr ^ Croniwell's trusted follow- 

ers and fighters. In the zenith of Crom- 
well's power it became the duty of this 
Harrison to participate in the trial of 
Charles I, and afterward to sign the 
death warrant of the king. He subse- 
quently paid for this with his life, being 
hung Oct. 13, ICCO. His descendants 
came to America, and the next of the 
fami!3' that appears in history is Benja- 
r.:iu Harrison, of Virginia. great-grand- 
fathe:- of the subject of this sketch, and 
after whom he was named. Benjamin Harrison 
was a member of the Continental Congress during 
the years ,774-5-C, and was one of the original 
signers of the Declaration of Independence. He 
was three times elected Governor of Virginia. 
Gsu William Henry Harrison, the son of tlie 


distinguished patriot of the Revolution, after a suc- 
cessful career as a soldier during the War of 1812, 
and with -a cleau record as Governor of the North- 
western Territory-, was elected President of the 
United States in 1840. His career was cut short 
by death within one month :.fter Liis in.iuguration. 
President Harrison wa^ born at North Bend, 
Hamilton Co., Ohio, Aug. ""O, 1833: His life up to 
the time of his graduation by the Miami University, 
at Oxford, Ohio, was the uneventful one of a coun- 
try lad of a family of small means. His father was 
able to give him a good education, and nothing 
more. He became engaged while at college to the 
daughter of Dr. Scott, Principal of a female school 
at Oxford. After graduating he determined to en- 
ter upon the stud}' of the law. He went to Cin 
einnati and then read law for two years. At tht 
expiration of that time young Harrison receiviAl tt . 
only inheritance of iiis life; his aunt dying left iiiri; 
a lot valued at $800. He regarded this legacy as i 
fortune, and decided to get married at once, taka 
this money and go to some Eastern town an", be- 
gin tlie practice of law. He sold his lot, and with 
the moncj- in his pocket, he started out wita his 
young wife to fight for a place in the world. Ke 



decided to go to Indianapolis, -n-hieh was even at 
Uiat time a town of promise. He met with slight 
encouragement at first, making scarcely anything 
the first year. He worked diligently, applying him- 
self closely to his calling, built up an extensive 
practice and toOk a leading rank in the legal pro- 
I'ession. He is tlie father of two children. 

In 1860 Mr. Harrison was nominated for the 
position of Supreme Court Reporter, and then be- 
gan his experience as a stump speaker. He can- 
vassed the State thoroughl^^ and was elected by a 
handsome majoritj-. In 18G2 he raised the 17th 
Indiana Infantry, and was chosen its Colonel. His 
regiment was composed of the rawest of material, 
out Col. Harrison employed all his time at first 
mastering military tactics and drilling his men, 
when he therefore came to move toward the East 
with Sherman his regiment was one of the best 
drilled and organized in the army. At Resaca he 
especially distinguished himself, and for his bravery 
at Peachtree Creek he was made a Brigadier Gen- 
eral, Gen. Hooker speaking of him in the most 
ooraplimentarj' terms. 

During the absence of Gen. Harrison in the field 

he Supreme Court declared the office of tlie Su- 
preme Court Reporter vacant, and another person 
was elected to the position. From the time of leav- 
ing Indiana with his regiment until the fall of 1864 
he had taken no leave of absence, but having been 
nominated that year for the same office, he got a 
thirty-day leave of absence, and during that time 
made a brilliant canvass of the State, and was elected 
for another terra. He then started to rejoin Sher- 
man, but on the way was stricken down with scarlet 
lever, and after a most trying siege made his way 
to the front in time to participate in the closing 
incidents of the war. 

In 1868 Gen. Harrison declined :, re-election as 
j-eporter, and resumed the practice of law. In 1876 
£e was a candidate for Governor. Although de- 

eated, the brilliant campaign he made won for him 
3 National reputation, and he was much sought, es- 
pecial.y in the East, to make speeches. In 1880, 
as usual, he took an active part in the campaign, 
and wii'. elected to the United States Senate. Here 
lie served six years, and was known as one of the 
ablest men, best lawyers and sliongest debaters in 

that body. With the expiration of his Senatorial 
term he returned to the practice of his profession, 
becoming the head of one of tlie strongest firms in 
the State. 

The political campaign of 1888 was one of the 
most memorable in the history of our country. The 
convention which assembled in Chicago in .June and 
named Mr. Harrison as the chief standard bearer 
of the Republican part\', was great in every partic- 
ular, and on this account, and the attitude it as- 
sumed upon the vital questions of the day, chief 
among which was the tariff, awoke a deep interest 
in the campaign throughout the Nation. Shortly 
after the nomination delegations began to visit Mr. 
Harrison at Indianapolis, his home. TJliis move- 
ment became popular, and from all sections of the 
country societies, clubs an<l delegations journeyed 
thither to paj' their respects to the distinguished 
statesman. The popularity of these was greatly 
increased on account of the remarkable speeches 
made by Mr. Harrison. He spoke dail}' all through 
the summer and autumn to these visiting delega- 
tions, and so varied, masterly and eloquent were 
his speeches that they at once placed him in the 
foremost rank of American orators and statesmen. 

On account of liis eloquence as a speaker and his 
power as a deb.ater, he was called upon at an un- 
commonly early age to take part in the discussion 
of the great questions that then began t j agitate 
the countr3'. He was an uncompromising ant: 
slaver\' man, and was matched .ngainst some of S^e 
most eminent Democratic speakers of his State. 
No man who felt the touch of his blade desired to 
be pitted with him again. "With all his eloq-'ence 
as an orator he never'spolve for oratorical effect, 
but his words always went like bullets to the mark 
He is purely American in his ideas and is a siilec 
did tjpe of the American statesman. Gifted witl^ 
quick perception, a logical mind and a ready tongue, 
he is one of the most distinguished impromptu 
speakers in the Nation. Many of these sjjeeches 
sparkled with the rarest of eloquence and contained 
arguments of greatest weight. Man}' of his terse 
statements liaye already become aphorisms. Origi- 
nal in thought, precise in logic, terse in statement, 
yet witlial faultless in eloquence, he is recognized as 
the sound statesman and brilliiint or.ator o* the day 

a lfil'jfcy-Br^. 





first Governor of Kansas, 
was elected under the Wy- 
andotte Constitution, and 
upon the admission of the 
State, Jan. 2i), 18G1, was 
inaugurated as Chief Ex- 
No better man could have 
been selected to lay the foundations 
*'„»'-4\?'r* of the State, for his mind was crea- 
^TJi5^>5 tive, original and vigorous. Rarely 
&^^) working by copy, he belongs to the 
■c^o^'.yT* fl'iss who tliiuk and originate, and 
-&;^^^" "illi wiiom precedence and text-books 
•^ " have little authoritj'. At this time a 
creat State was to be formed from most incongru- 
ons elements. It required men of genius and orig- 
inality to formulate laws and a constitution, and 
to tills work the vigor-and ingenuity of Rob- 
inson were peculiarly adapted. Men of all classes, 
sorts and conditions, had rushed to this section 
upon different objects bent — some to assist in build- 
ing up a State, some to make mone}', to secure no- 
toriety and political preferment, but more, perhajjs, 
as cosmopolitans, having little interest in its repu- 
tation or its future. 

That the work before Gov. Robinson was ac- 
complished in a praiseworthy manner, a grateful 
l^eople readily acknowledge. In his course, which 
necessarily was opposed to the rough and irrespon- 
sible element, he made many enemies and was im- 
peached bj- the House, but on his trial Ity the 
Senate no evidence «as adduced to connect him 
with an}' illegal transaction, and a case of malicious 

prosecution was clearly establisheil, which left his 
good name ui;tarnishe<l. 

In reviewing the career of a prominent [lublic 
man, it cannot be cailed complete without the storj- 
of his early life. Gov. Robinson was born at 
Hurdwick, Mass., July 21, 1818, and received a 
good common-school and academic education, be- 
sides two years' drill at Amherst College. His 
father, Charles Robinson, was a pious and consci- 
entious man, who cherished an inherent hatred of 
slavery, and the latter qualitj' of his father's char- 
acter Charles inherited in a marked degree. Upon 
religious subjects, however, he was always inde- 
pendent and liberal, and is considered heterodox, 
although for the great principles of Christianity, 
which serve to improve society and make better 
men and women, ho has the highest regard. 

There is but little which is ideal or sentimental 
in the nature of Gov. Robinson, as his life has 
been spent iirincipall}- dealing with men upon prac- 
tical principles. Before completing his studies he 
•was obliged to leave college on account of ill- 
health, and his eyes failing him from hard study, 
he walked forty miles to consult a celebrated ph}'- 
sician. Dr. Twichcl, of Keene, N. II., and there 
became so sensibly impressed with both the quack- 
eries of medicine as so often practiced, and the real 
utility of the healing art as a science, that he deter- 
mined to study medicine, and after a preparatory 
course entered for a series of lectures at Wood- 
stock, Vt., and Pittsfield, Mass., and from the 
school of tiie latter he was graduated, receiving his 
diploma with the high honors of the cl.iss. Subsc- 
quentlj' he became connected wiili the celebrated 



Dr. J. G. Holland in the management of a hospital. 
In 1849 he started out as a physician to a colony 
bound overland to California. They arrived in 
Kansas City April 10, and on the 10th of Maj' fol- 
lowing, left with ox and mule teams for the Pacific 

On the 11th of Majs thirty-nine yeai's ago, rid- 
ing his horse at the head of a colony of gold- 
seekers, Gov. Robinson ascended Mt. Oread, where 
now stands the State University of Kansas, whose 
Regent he has been for thirteen consecutive 
years, as well as its faithful, intelligent and gener- 
ous friend. In his note book at that time he wrote 
that if the land was opened to settlement and entry, 
he would go no further, as there seemed to be gold 
enough for all human wants in the rich soil of the 
Kaw Valley, and beauty enough in the rolling prai- 
ries beyond to meet all the aspirations of ordinary 
men. He pushed on, however, to California, and 
there followed a variet}' of occupations, being mi- 
ner, restauranteur, editor and member of the Leg- 
islature. Then he returned to Massachusetts, and 
in 1855 commenced the publication of the Fitch- 
burg Neivs, which he conducted two years. 

At the time of the repeal of the Missouri Com- 
promise, and the intense excitement coincident 
with the organization of the Territories of Kansas 
and Nebraska, Gov. Robinson sent out by 
the New England Aid Society to Kansas, charged 
with saving it to freedom. In the darkest hours of 
that long struggle, as well as in its hour of victory, 
he seemed to be the one safe counselor and leader 
of the Free-State forces. His California experience 
had rounded and ripened a robust nature, and the 
perils that the hero of the squatter troubles had 
passed through in that strange combination of craft 
and cunning, fitted and schooled him for his Kan- work. In the "Wakarusa War," when the city 
of Lawrence, only 600 strong, was besieged b}' an 
opposing force of 1,200, Ur. Robinson, as he was 
called in those days, was chosen Major General of 
the Free-State party. He constructed forts and 
rifle-pits whicli did their service, but as a negotiator 
and diplomat he excelled. Ho wanted Kansas to 
be lawfully free, and felt justified in availing him- 
self of any agency which would .assist liini in ae- 
coreplishing this. Although the recognized leader 

of the Free-State forces, it was not Robinson, but 
Lane, that the Quantrell rufHans sought when they 
massacred in cold blood 180 of the inoffensive citi- 
zens of Lawrence. 

In 1855 the Free-State men had been driven 
from the polls. Robinson was among the first to 
repudiate the authority of the bogus laws, and was 
unanimously chosen a delegate to the convention 
which met at Topeka to formulate a State govern- 
ment. From May, 185G, until September, he was a 
prisoner at Locompton, charged with treason. Af- 
ter serving his term as the first Governor of the 
State, he was, in 1872, chosen a member vf the 
Lower House of the Legislature, and in 1874 
elected State Senator and re-elected in 187G. At 
the hast election he came within fort3--three votes 
of beating his opponent for the State Senate, and 
where the party majority of the latter was about 

Gov. Robinson has been twice married. By 
his first wife, Miss Sarah Adams, daughter of 
a highly' respected Massachusetts farmer, two chil- 
dren were born and both died in infancy. The 
mother died in 184G. On the SOth of October, 
1851, he was married to Miss Sarah D. T. Law- 
rence, daughter of a distinguished Blassachusetts 
lawyer, and connected with the celebr.ated Law- 
rence family of that State. Of this union there 
are no children. Mrs. Robinson is a lad}' of 
hio^h literary culture, and has written one of the 
best of the many boolis which have been published 
on Kansas. Though highly accomplished, she is 
not much of n society woman, being content to 
dwell quietly at home on their farm, which lies 
five miles out from Lawrence, and is the resort 
of many friends, who meet a refined and elegant 

In 1856 Gov. Robinson pre-empted a portion 
of the land which, upon his journey to Califor- 
nia, he had viewed with so much admiration. He 
now has one of the finest homes in his section 
of countr}-. where he resides in aftiuent circum- 
stances, busying himself in looking after his f.arm, 
esteemed by his neighbors, and amply honored by 
the <rreat State, in l.iying the firm foundations of 
which he rendered such efficient service over a 
quarter of a century ago. 

/^;^#^/^..^ ^/^^^^ A^-t^^ 

B*^ Wk033!%aS (f^«.9?^^^r .^.r-^f:j!j-?,,.^^ 


^'MM:*i<i**iM^**i^A ;< 

tjHOMAS CARNEY, the sec- 
ond Governor of Kansas, 
was born in Delaware Coun- 
ty, Ohio, Aug. 20, 1824. 
His ancestry was a mixed 
one, composed of Irish and 
German. His father, James 
Carney, was of Irish descent, be- 
ing the grandson of one of the 
same name, who came to this 
country and assisted the Colonies 
ill the war with Great Britain. 
His mother was remotely of Ger- 
U^^ nia" descent, and like his father 

was born in Pennsylvania. They 
removed to Ohio the year before 
the birth of Gov. Carney. They 
were Presbyterians, in which faith Mr. C. was reared. 
The portion of Ohio in which Mr. Carney was 
r,orn was then a wilderness, and the family engaged 
in farming, the land having to be cleared first? The 
father died when the lad was but four years old, leav- 
ing the mother with four children, the eldest being 
only six years of age, the early life of young Carney 
therefore was spent in work of the hardest kind, 
from the moment he was old enough to be of any 
assistance. From the age of seven to eighteen he 
worked on the farm belonging to the family, and 
then started for himself as a farm hand for six 
months, at $10 a month. From the time he was 
eleven years of age until he left home, he was the 
teamster of the family, and carried the products of 
the farm to Newark, tliirty-six miles, his motive 
power being a yoke of oxen for most of the time. 
He attended school some during the winter 

months, and after he was eighteen went to school 
in Berkshire, Ohio, for six niontiis. After this he 
commenced a long, persistent and weary search for 
employment in a store, and was finally successful 
in Columbus, where he remained in the employ of 
a retail dry-goods house for two years, and then took 
service with a wholesale dry-goods establishment in 
Cincinnati. He obtained, while in the retail house, 
$50 a year and his board for the first year's serv- 
ice, and for the second year ^100. At the end 
of this period he was given a quarter interest in 
the firm, with his name at the head of it. A rise 
of so great rapidity is unprecedented. He resided 
in Cincinnati twelve years. 

Mr. Carney's health became impaired by his de- 
votion to business, and in 1857 he visited the "West, 
and commenced business in Leavenworth in the 
spring of 1858. In 1861 he was elected to the 
State Legislature, and in 1802 was elected Gov- 
ernor. He entered on his duties the 1st of Janu- 
ary, 1863, at a time wlien Kansas aflfairs were in 
a most critical condition. 

In 1864 he was elected to the United States Sen- 
ate, but as there was some doubt as to whether or 
not the time at which the election was held was 
the proper one, he declined the position. He was 
soon after elected Mayor of Leavenworth, and was 
re-elected. Since that period, 1866, he has occupied 
himself wholly with his private business. 

The earlier struggles of the future Governor 
were arduous and severe, but probably had their 
effect in strengthening him for the career for which 
he was destined. When he took possession of the 
gubernatorial office, in January, 186;3, he found the 
State of Kansas but litile better than a i)olitical and 



financial wreck. A local writer referring to that 
period says, that tlie "State was in peril at almost 
every point, anti its settled jKirtions were one ex- 
tended camp. A rebel force hovered on its eastern 
and sonthern borders, while Indians were murdering ; 
and scalping in the west. Nothing short of a con- 
stant vigilance could prevent the rebel enemy 
invading the State and butchering the people." 

An appeal was made to the military authorities 
for assistance and to Gov. Carney for protection. 
It was at a time when the General Government was 
loo busy with the Rebellion to give close attention 
to matters in a new and remote State, and hence 
llie Governor was obliged to depend on his own 
resources. He was equal to the emergency. The 
State had no money, no men, no arras, no ammuni- 
tion, with which to .protect itself, but even this did 
not discourage him. He visited the menaced re- 
gions, and soon satisfied himself that something had 
to be done, or the State would be overwhelmed by 
the perils wliich threatened it. In the counties 
which were more particularly threatened, the popu- 
lation became uneasy, and removals were being 
made to places of safety by so many of the resi- 
dents that there loomed up a probability that the 
entire region would become a desert. 

After looking over the ground. Gov. Carney de- 
termined to raise a force of 150 men from citizens 
of the menaced region, and to employ them as a 
patrol along the border, so that no hostile move- 
ment could be made without detection, aud the 
people could be warned of danger in time to rally 
at tlie necessary points for defense, all being armed 
and organized into military organizations. This 
patrol was hired by the Governor for the public 
defense out of his private means. He agreed to 
pay §1 a day each, for man and horse, the United 
States Government furnishing the rations. He put 
this force in the field, and kept it in active opera- 
tion, nt a cost to himself of over $10,000. At the 
same time he was a Captain in the home guards, 
and many a night was on guard like the private 

Tlie little patrol put in the field by the Governor 
preserved the borders from invasion so long as it 
lasted, which was some three months. At a later 
period the Governor was notified by tlie com- 
mander of the Federal forces that he was able to 
care for the safety of the State, and thereupon the 
patrol was abolislied. Almost immediately after it 
was disbanded Qnantrell made his raid into Kansas, 
and Lawrence was attacked, burned, and its resi- 
dents massacred. Concerning this feature of the 
transaction the Governor says: "While this patrol 
was on the border the arrangements were such that 
the different members could speak with each other 

every hour, .and thus be in a position to almost in- 
stantly communicate with the residents in case of 
invasion. When the Government notified me that 
it could take care of the border I disbanded the 
patrol, and within three days Lawrence was in ashes 
and 180 people were foully murdered. The mili- 
tary was scattered in squads over a distance of 
twenty-five miles along the border, and when Qnan- 
trell moved into Kansas he had no difflculiy in 
marching between the Federal divisions. The march 
of Quantrell was entirely unknown and wholly un- 
expected. Not a living soul knew that he was in 
the State when he arrived before Lawrence. A 
man living on the route taken by the guerrillas saw 
them, and mounted a horse and undertook to carry 
the information to Lawrence. His horse fell and 
the rider's neck was broken, and thus the sole wit- 
:iess of the invasion was silenced." 

It will show the benevolent disposition of the 
Governor to state that from his own pocket he gave 
8500 to the widow of the man who undertook to 
carry the warning of danger to Lawrence. 

The entire official career of Gov. Carney was of 
the stormiest and most perplexing character, and it is 
certain that, with an official less clear and 
efficient, the embarrassments and perplexities of 
Kansas would have proved insoluble. Cool, self- 
possessed, firm, intelligent, he guided the State 
through the storms, breakei'S, whirlpools and rocks, 
which were encountered, and finally reached the 
harbor, with the vessel much battered but sound in 
frame and in all essential particulars. 

The following is a copy of a resolution passed by 
the Kansas Legislature after his terra of office had 
expired : 

"Resolved liy the House of Representatives of 
the State of Kansas, that the thanks of this House 
and the people of the State of Kansas are justly 
due to Hon. Thomas Carney, late Governor of the 
State of Kansas, for the honest, faithful and im- 
partial manner in which he discharged his executive 

Gov. Carney is possessed of ample wealth, which 
ho uses to the best advantage. His wife was Re- 
becca Canady, of Kenton, Ohio, who has devoted 
much of her time for a number of years in caring 
for the orphaned children of the State. His chil- 
dren aje four in number, all boys. 

No man in Kansas is more honored and re- 
spected than he, and no man has done more, either 
in a public or private way, for the advancement of 
the State and its institutions. Its railroads, bridges, 
churches, school-houses, and its citizens needing 
assistance, all bear witness to his liberality and 

tamtcdl ,jj. QTcLUjtoTdo 

tliird Governor of the State of 
Kansas, \\'as born in Lawrence 
County, Ind., April 10, r835. 
His ancestors were Scotch- 
' Irish, who emigrated to Amer- 
ica at an early jieriod in Col- 
li days. His iiaternal grandfather 
I'ed in the war of the Revolution 
as a soldier from the State of North 
Carolina, and his maternal grand- 
father was a planter in the same State. 
His father, William Crawford, emi- 
grated, in 1815, to the tiien Territory 
of Indiana, and located in Lawrence 
County, w^here he became a success- 
ful farmer. Although born, reared 
and educated in a slave State, the elder Crawford 
had imbibed unconquerable prejudice to the insti- 
tution of slavery, and as a consequence turned his 
back upon friends and kindred and sought a home 
in the Northwest Territory, in which slavery and 
involuntary servitude had been forever inhibited. 
The subject of this .sketch was reared upon his 
father's farm, and received a common-school and 
academic education. At the age of twenty-one he 
became a student at law in the office of the Hon. S. 
W. Short, of Bedford, Ind., pursuing his studies 
until the fall of 1857, wiien he entered the Law 
College at Cincinnati, from which institution he 
was graduated in 1858. 

In Marcii, 1859, he bade adieu to home and friends, 
proceeded to the Territory of Kansas, and located 
in Gai'nett, tlie count}' seat of Andei'son County. 
Here he practiced his profession of the law, and was 
elected a member of the first State Legislature, 
■which C(niveued at Topeka, March 27, 1801. 

The attack upon Ft. Sumter, following swiftly 
after the Montgomery Secession Convention, tiie 
failure of the Peace Conference, the Proclamation 
of Jefferson Davis calling for 100,000 men, and 

tiie seizure of Government i)roperty by Floyd 
and Twiggs, without protest from the Executive', 
thrilled loyal Kansas to the very core. Presiilent 
Lincoln ma<le his first call for 75,000 volunteers in 
April, 18G1. Responding to this call, i\Ir. Craw- 
ford resigned his seat in the Legislature, returned 
home, recruited a company, was chosen its C;iptain. 
assigned to the 2d Kansas Infantry, and mustered 
into the United States service. He served with the 
regiment, participating under the gallant (ien. 
Lyon in the battle of Wilson's Creek and various 
other battles of the Missouri Campaign fought 
during the summer and fall of !8G1. In the winter 
of 1861-62, the regiment was re-organized, and 
became the 2d Kansas Cavaby. Capt. Crawford assigned to the command of Company A, and 
soon th(;reafter promoted to tlie command of a 
battalion. He participated with iiis regiment in the 
battles of Ncwtonia, Old Ft. Waj'ue, Cane Hill, 
Prairie Grove, Van Buren, and various other en- 
gagements fought by Gen. Blunt during the Trans- 
Mississippi campaign of 1862. 

It was in these engagements that Capt Crawford 
developed extraordinary ability as a cavalry leader. 
At the battle of Old Ft. Wayne he charged the 
enemy's lines and captured a battery under circum- 
stances which almost forbade the venture, and for 
which achievement lie was complimented in General 
Orders. At the battles of Cane Hill and Prairie 
Grove he acquitted himself with great credit, and 
was again comi)limented by the commanding (ien- 
eral. In March, 1863, although holding the rank 
of Captain, he was assigned to the command of the 
2d Kansas Cavalry, and led the regiment in the 
cam[)aign of that year through the Indian Territory 
and Western Arkansas, which resulted in the battles 
of Perry ville, McAllister and the Backbone Mount- 
ain, and the capture of Ft. Smith by the Federal 
arms. The 2d Kansas Cavalry covered itself with 
glory in these memorable campaigns. 

In October, 1863, Capt. Crawford was promoted 
U) lie Colonel of the 83d United States Infauliy, 
and with his regiment accompanied Gen. Steele on 
the Shreveport, La., expedition, which moved 
southward, in March, 1864, from Ft. Smith and 



Little Rock to co-operate with Gen. BanlvS in his 
Red River campaign, participating in the battles 
of Prairie De Hand and Saline River. At the latter 
affair Col. Crawford charged and captured a battery, 
which his men brought off tlie field by hand, all the 
artillery horses having been killed or disabled. 
This battle resulted in a complete victory for the 
Union forces, to which consummation Col. Craw- 
ford's regiment largely contributed. After this 
battle he returned with the 7th Corps to Little 
Rock, and thence, with the Kansas Division, under 
the command of Gen. Thayer, to Ft. Smith, Ark. 
In July, 1864, Col. Crawford commanded an expe- 
dition into the Choctaw Nation in pursuit of the 
rebel General, Standweighty, whom he routed. 

September 8, 1864, wiiile still in tlie field, Col. 
Crawford was nominated as the Republican candi- 
date for Governor of Kansas. 01)taining leave of 
absence, he bade adieu to the gallant army with 
which he had served so long, and on the 9lh of 
October returned to Kansas. Upon arriving at Ft. 
Scott he learned that a heavy body of the enemy, 
under Gen. Price, was moving westward through 
Central Missouri, witli the design of laying Kansas 
in waste. He hastened to Kansas City, arriving 
October 17, reported to Gen. Curtis, commanding 
the Federal forces there concentrating to resist Gen. 
Price, and was assigned to duty as a volunteer aid 
on his staff. A few days subsequently the battles 
of the Blue, Westportand Mine Creek were fought, 
and at the latter engagement Col. Crawford ordered 
and partici|)ated in a ciiarge with two brigades of 
Ciivalr}', which resulted in the capture of the Con- 
federate Generals, Marraaduke and Cabell, 600 
prisoners and eiglit pieces of artillery. This battle 
closed his military career in the war for the sup- 
pression of the Rebellion, and on April 13, 186.3, he 
was promoted by the President of tlie United States 
to the rank of Brigadier General by brevet, for 
meritorious services in the field. 

On the 7tli of November, 1864, Col. Crawford 
was elected Governor of the State of Kansas, and 
in 1866 was re-chosen for a second term. During 
his holding of the gubernatorial office, he re-organ- 
ized and consolidated the Kansas Volunteer Regi- 
ments, and secured the enactment of new laws, 
under which the State Militia was placed on war 
footing for the protection of the [leople against 
rebel invasions and Indian incursions. He devoted 
much of his time to the establishment and main- 
tenance of the various State institutions, an<l on 
retiring from office he left the Deaf Mute, Blind and 
Insane Asylums, the State Universitj', the Agricult- 
ural College and State Normal School, in success- 
ful operation. He also gave considerable attention 
.o the preparation and dissemination of pamphlet 

literature respecting the advantages of his State, 
with the view of encouraging emigration thereto. 

During the memorable jears of 1867 and 1868, 
hostile bands of Indians hovered on the borders of 
Kansas, driving back the settlers, checking the con- 
struction of the railroads and threatening to cut off 
communication between Kansas and the AVestern 
States and Territories. For two years an Indian 
war of savage barbarity was carried on. JNIau}' 
settlers were killed, scalped, and their bodies mutil 
ated. Large amounts of property were captured 
and destroyed. "Women and even children were 
outraged, and others carried into captivity to suffer 
a fate worse than a thousand deaths. 

The Federal forces stationed on the border and 
the State troops furnished by Gov. Crawford were 
inadequate for the protection of the people. The 
Indians followed their custom of making war dur- 
ing the summer months, and then retreating to their 
homes in the Indian Territory to be fed, clothed 
and nurtured by the Government in winter. Final!}', 
in August, 1868, the settlements of Northwest 
Kansas were raided by these Indians, who killed 
and wounded some forty persons, carried women 
into captivity, and also committed other atrocities. 

As soon as the terrible details of this last mas- 
sacre reached the ears of Gov. Crawford, he pro- 
ceeded at once to the scene of disaster, saw tliatthe 
dead were properly buried and tlie wounded cared 
for, returned to Topeka, organized a regiment of 
cavalry, resigned the office of Governor, and with 
his regiment accompanied Gen. Sheridan on his his- 
toric campaign into the interior of the wild country 
bordering on Texas, where the hostile tribes had 
alwavs felt secure from punishment during the win- 
ter season. These Indians were attacked and cap- 
tured in the Washita Valley, in December, 1868, 
and several of their chiefs held as hostages until the 
captive white women were delivered ujj. 

Gov. Crawford returned home after the close of 
this campaign and has since been successfully en- 
gaged in the practice of his profession. Nov. 27, 
1866, he was married to Jliss Isabel M. Chase, 
an estimable and accomplished lad}-, of Topeka, 
where they now reside, and the union has been 
blessed by two children, daughter and son. Gov. 
Crawford is possessed of an imposing presence, his 
height being six feet two inches, with the accom- 
paniment of a Herculean frame, symmetrically 
proportioned, and a pair of shoulders Atlas might 
fairly envj'. His manners are the very essence of 
courtesy and gentleness, and altogether he presentsa 
marked ty|)e of the energetic, patriotic and sturdy 
sons of the great West — suaviter in viodo, fortiter 
in re — with whom the high sense of duty stands first 
and foremost in every relation of life. 







Progressive in 


fourth (jovernor of the 
State of Kansns was, dur- 
ing the 3ears of liis active 
life, a man essenlially in 
ad\-:incc of liis time, 
tliought, cultured, 
and to a great extent self-educated, 
he was, in addition to these quali- 
ties, endowed by nature with a 
strong character and deep sympa- 
thies, a temperament sanguine 3'et 
sedate, and with a steady inspira- 
tion to good deeds. He is now a 
confirmed invalid, having been con- 
fined to his room for the last three 3" ears, an 
nncomijlaining sufferer. Comparatively few are 
aware of the fact that this atllietion, overtaking 
him in the prime of life, is due to bis exertions 
while un officer in the arm^', relieving his exhausted 
soldiers by himself carrying their guns and haver- 
sacks, during which a blood vessel was ruptured, 
and since Mr. Green has never seen a well day. 

Mr. Green was born March 8, 1837, in (irassy 
Point Township, Hardin Co., Ohio. His father. 
She|mrd Green, was a native of Washington County, 
Pa., where he was born August 2, li-id.s, and the 
son of Nehcmiah Green, Sr., who born in 
England, and came to Ainerica during revolution- 
ary times. He espoused the cause of the Colonists, 
and while doing his duty as a soldier, was taken 
l)risoner and conveyed to England, whei'C he was 
confined until after the surrender of Cornwallis, 
when he was exchanged. He then located in Wash- 
ington County, Pa. 

Shepard Green, when a boy in his teens, went to 
Ohio and was one of the earl\' settlers of Cham- 
paign County. There he learned the tinner's trade, 

which he followed a few j"ears, but after marriage 
he purchased a tract of timber land in Gr.assy Point 
Township, Hardin County-, and put up a log house. 
In that humble dwelling the subject of this sketch 
was born. The country was wild and new, and 
there were no railroads for many years afterward. 
The State road, known as the Sandusky & D.ayton 
road, passed by the farm, and after a few j'cars 
Shepard ( ireen put upa hotel which he conducted for 
several years, and which was made a stage station. 
Many distinguished guests sought entertainment 
under its roof; among them were Henry C'la^', Tom 
Corwin, and Richard M. Johnson. About ].S,')0 
Mr. Green removed to Logan County, wheri' his 
death occurred July 2(), 1880. 

For his wife Shepard Green chose in early man- 
hood IMiss Mary A. Fisher. This l.ady was born at 
Fairfax Court House, Ya., and was the daughter of 
William Fisher, a \'irginian by birth, and one of 
the earliest pioneers of Ohio, he locating first on 
the Scioto river above Columbus. Later he re- 
moved to Logan County, where he purchased tim- 
ber land, improved a farm and died. The moll:er 
of our subject made her home with her parents 
until her marriage, learning to card, spin ani! 
weave, and when her children were small she made 
the greater part of the cloth in use in the family. 
Having no stove, her cooking was performed many 
years bv a fire-i)lace. She died at the home farm 
in Logan County, Ohio, in 18/>9. 

Loth Shei>ard (ireen and his excellent wife were 
conscientious members of the jNIethodist Episeo|>al 
Church, and the father for many years was one of 
its chief pillars. His house was the headquarters 
of the pioneer preachers, and services were fre- 
quently held there. Politicallj', he was an OW 
Line Whig. The parental family included nine 
children, all of whom lived to mature years, viz: 
William F.. Louis F.. Nehemiah, N.-incy, Fanny, 
Shepard, (Jeorge S.. Mary and J-Jnma. The sons 
all served in the Union army during the Civil War. 



When the Green family changed their residence 
to Logan County, Ohio, Nehemiah was a lad of 
thirteen 3'ears. He continued attendino: the sub- 
scription school until sixteen years old during the 
winter season, and in the meantime improved his 
opportunities for useful knowledge. His desire was 
for a finished education, and now to his great satis- 
faction he was permitted to enter Wesleyan Uni- 
versity at Delaware, Ohio, wiiere he studied two 
years. In 1855 he left school to visit the Territory 
of Kansas. The journey was made by steamer on 
the Ohio, Mississippi and ^lissonri rivers to Kansas 
City; thence by team to Douglas County, this 
8tate. Mr. Green made a claim twelve miles south of 
Lawre-ice, and during that spring the troubles be- 
gan between the Free State and Pro-Slavery men. 

Mr. Green was an ardent Free State man, and 
was prominently identified with John Brown, Jim 
Lane, Montgomery Bain, Gov. Robinson and Mar- 
cus Parrott, with whom he participated in the 
trials, struggles and triumphs which followed. Ho 
remained in Kansas until late in 1857, then returned 
to Ohio and entered tlieminislry, becoming a mem- 
ber of the Cincinnati Methodist Episcopal Confer- 
ence, lie was stationed at Aberdeen and Williams- 
burg until the first call by President Lincoln for. 
troops to quell the liebeUion. 

It was not long before Mr. Green proffered his 
services as a soldier of the Union, enlisting as a 
private in Company B 8!)th Ohio Infantry. Two 
weeks later he was commissioned by Gov. Todd, as 
First Lieutenant and served with his regiment in 
Kentucky and West Virginia. He was in the cam- 
paign which drove Kirby Smith out of the Blue 
Grass State and Loring out of the Kanawa Valley. 
While on the Kirby Smith cam|)aign he ruptured a 
blood vessel and suffered hemorrhages and has not 
seen a well day since. In 1863 he was obliged to 
resign. He recuperated in a measure and in 1804 
enlisted in the Ohio National Guards and was Ser- 
geant Major of the 153d Regiment, serving in the 
Army of the Potomac. He received his discharge 
in September, 1864, and, returning to Kansas, re- 
sumed his ministerial labors, being placed in charge 
of tlie Jlethodist Episcopal Church at Manhattan. 

In the meantime Mr. Green had kept himself well 
posted upon State and national events and was 
looked upon as a tit representative of the people's 
interest in legislative halls. In 18GG he was nomi- 
nated for Lieutenant-Governor and elected. In 
1868 the Cimaron War broke out and Kansas was 
asked to raise a regiment of cavalrj' for the United 
States service. Gov. Crawford resigned and was 
appointed Colonel of the regiment and Mr. Green 
was then sworn in as his successor, administering 
the duties of his office until the close of the term. 
Executive business had in the meantime accumu- 

lated while Gov. Crawford was raising the regi- 
ment, and the military and contingent fund had 
been exhausted while the whole frontier was threat- 
ened by hostile Imlians. The soldiers and their 
horses had to be fed and tiie former clothed. Gov. 
Green was c(iual to the emergency and borrowed 
money, while at the same thne letting contracts sub- 
ject to the approval of the Legislature to carry on all 
business, lioth military and civil. He visited the 
various military posts, traveling in an ambulance, 
and personally inspecting tiie militia. The wai^ended 
with the capture and destruction of the bands of 
Indians commanded by Black Kettle and Little 
Raven, by Gen. Custer. 

After the expiration of his term of office Gov. 
Green delivered the great seal of the State to his 
successor and resumed preaching. In due time ho 
was chosen Presiding Elder of Manhattan District, 
whichincluded the western half of the north half of 
the State. He followed up the frontier and laid tlic 
foundation for many prosperous churches. He thus 
labored actively in the church until 1873, when 
failing health compelled him to retire. That year 
lie settled on his farm in Grart Townshi[), Riley 
County. This farm comprises 810 acres of land. 

Gov. Green lived a few jears in compaiative 
quiet but in 1880 was brought forward again by 
his old constituents, elected to tlie State Legisla- 
ture and took an important part in the proceedings 
being finally elected Speaker jwo tan. During tiiis 
term the principal subjects acted upon were educa- 
tion, transportation, agriculture and temperance. 
Mr. Green took an important part in the proceed- 
ings to compel the Union Pacific Railroad to ac- 
knowledge its obligation to the State. A measure )>assed which forced the matter to the Supremo 
Court when the Company surrendered every point 
and although its offices were moved from the State, 
agreed to accept service on any local agent. 

The marriage of Nehemiah Green and Miss Ida 
K. Leffingvvell, of AVilliamsburg, Ohio, was cele- 
brated in 18G0. This lady was born at that place 
and was the daughter of Sidney and Melissa 
(Bryant) Lefflngwell. She became the mother cjI' 
three chddren and died in 1871. The eldest chihl, 
Glenzen S., is a resident of Oregon. ElHe married 
Dr. William B. Sweatman, and they live in Parkers 
ville, Morris Co., this State. Alice is the wife of 
Prof. John E. Edgerton, Principal of the scliools 
of White City. In 1873 Mr. Green contracted a 
second marriage with jNIiss Mary Sturdevant. This 
lady was born in Kushville, N. Y. and is the daugh- 
ter of Josiah and Hannaii (Peabod3-) Sturdevant, 
who were natives respectively of New England and 
New York State; they spent their last years in 
RushviUo, N. Y. Of this union there have been 
born two children — Burtis W. and Ned INI. 

^.J^^;iyiyU^ tA . </)f-tL^ 

^~> — ^-^i 

AMES M. HARVEY, fifth Gov- 

: ernor of the State of Kansas, and a 

1^ Virginiau by birth, is a native 

of Monroe County, and was born 

■§ 11'^^ % ^^^^^' ^'' ^^^^' ^'^ parents, 

%^ -' ^iS" ^M' Thomas and Margaret (Walker) 

Harvey, were also natives of the 
Old Dominion, but removed 
from that State when their son 
James M. was quite young. 
He acquired his education iiithe 
public and select schools of In- 
diana, Illinois and Iowa, and 
following his tastes and talents, 
became a fliiished practical siu'- 
veyor and civil engineer. Mr. 
Harvey, in the j'ear 1859, just before Kansas was 
freed from Territorial enthrallment, and when she 
was struggling to become one of the sisterhood of 
States, removed hither, settling in Riley County. 
He at once became warmly interested in the affairs 
of this section of country, and distiuguislied him- 
self for hisabilitj', intelligence and enthusiastic sup- 
port of the measure which was to make the Territory 
a full member of the American Union. The pur- 
suit of agriculture at that time offered a more ample 
income than his profession, and in this he at once 
engaged, but the seclusion of the farm did not con- 
ceal his eminent ability and his talents from the 
public, and he was a prominent factor in the affairs 
of Kansas for a period of nearly thirty years. 
It was not long after his arrival here until tlie 

Civil War was precipitated upon the countr\-, and 
James JI. Harvey enlisted as a soldier of the Union 
army, and was soon given a Captain's commission 
in the 4ihand lOlh Regiments, which were consoli- 
dated. He served with honor in the campaign in 
which his command took part, and was mustered out 
in 1864. The following year, and also in 18C6, he 
was elected to represent his county in the Kansas 
Legislature, where he displayed such power as to 
attract the leading men of the commonwealth, and 
in which he gave unmistakable indications of the 
distinction he would achieve in the future. After 
serving his terras creditably as a member of the 
House, he was, in 18G7-71, a member of the Senate, 
and in the latter j'car was elected Governor. 

The duties of these various offices Mr. Harvey 
discharged with that fidelity and ability which en- 
titled him to still higher distinction, and accordingly 
on the assembling of the State Lcglature, in 1874, 
he was elected to fill the vacancy occasioned by the 
resignation of Alexander Caldwell, United States 
Senator. This vacanc}' had been temporarily filled 
by the appointment of Robert Crozier, but the 
Legislature promptly recognized the claims of Mi-. 
Harve}-, and gave him the merited compliment of 
his regular election to that position. He took his 
seat on the 12th of February, and in this, as in all 
other places which he was called upon to fill, dis- 
charged his duties with great credit to himself and 
honor to his State until the 4th of March, 1877, at 
wliich time his term expired. 



During Mr. Harvey's incumbency of the Gov- 
ernor's office much important work was done b3' the 
Legislature, inehiding the issuance of bonds for 
the military expenses of the Indian War, and pro- 
viding a military contingent fund for the protection 
of tlie frontier of the State against Indian depreda- 
tions — these two objects calling for ^275,000; and 
also the further issuance of bonds to aid in com- 
pleting the west wing of the State Capitol, §70,000; 
to defray the expenses of raising the 1 yth Regiment, 
814,000; and $1,500 was appropriated to buy seed 
wheat for destitute farmers on the frontier. Dur- 
ing that term also the east wing of the nevv capitol at 
Topeka was so far completed that on December 25 
they were occupied by the State officers. At that 
date there had been expended on the wing com- 
pleted and on the west wing, on which work was 
still progressing, the sum of $417,588.29. At the 
annual election, which occurred Nov. 8, 1870, 
Gov. Harvey received over 19,000 majority over 
his Democratic opponent. For United States Sena- 
tor, to serve the unexpired term of Caldwell, the 
balloting commenced January 27, and was continued 
four days, no candidate receiving the required 
seventy votes necessary to a choice. On the 2d of 
February, Mr. Harve3' was elected on a joint vote 
of seventy-six as against fifty-eight thrown for .nil 
other candidates. 

During the twelfth session of the Kansas Legis- 
lature, James M. Harvey, Governor, thirty-eight 
laws were passed. Among them were bills authoriz- 
ing or legalizing the issuance of municipal bonds ; the 
State Board of Agriculture was created ; $3,000 was 
appropriated for the relief of Western settlers, and 
$2,500 for the Freedman's University of Quindaro; 
the boundaries of Kingman and Harvey Counties 
were defined, the latter named in honor of James 
M. ; two new judicial districts were created, the 
Thirteenth and Fourteenth; the salaries of State 
officers and Judges of tlie Supreme Courts and 
Districts Courts were increased ; and an act passed 
providing for the sale of Normal School lands; 
Commissioners were also ajjpointed to provide for 
the settlement of losses by Indian depredations 
between 1860 and 1871. 

Gov. llarve}' upon retiring from public life re- 
turned to his farm at Vinton, Riley County, wliere 

he resided for a time, and then returned to the 
vicinity of his old home in Virginia, and is now 
living in Richmond. On the 4th of October, 1854, he 
was united in marriage with Miss Charlotte Cutler, 
of Adams County, 111., and of this union there 
were born six children, four daughters and two 
sons, namely: Clara, Emma, Lillian, Martha, James 
N. and John A. 

The assuring smile of peace fell upon Kansas for 
the first time in her existence when the war of the 
Rebellion ended, and about the time Mr. Harvey, 
after serving valiantlj^ in the ranks of the Union 
ai'm3% returned to Riley County, and was called 
upon to assist in the further great work which lay 
before both legislators and people. It was a time 
demanding the best efforts of its wisest men, and 
Mr. Harvey in his sphere was equal to the emer- 
gency, and to tlie perplexing duties devolving upon 
him as Legislator, Senator and Governor. Twelve 
years of turmoil and strife had trained the inhabitants 
to know no rest save in motion, and no safety ex- 
cept in incessant vigilance. Under this discipline 
their character had become as peculiar as the expe- 
riences through which they had passed. A rest- 
less energj' was the controlling element, and the life 
of ease and peace was one so foreign to their ex- 
perience as to strike them as almost unnatural. 
Thej', however, under the fortunate rule of a wise 
executive, turned to the pursuit of the peaceful arts 
and conquered the right to the free soil they now 
tread. INIines were opened, railroads built, hus- 
bandry and manufactures brought wealth and plenty, 
and peace and prosperity reigned. 

Along with the happy state of affairs just above 
mentioned, there were also built up the indispensa- 
ble adjuncts of churches, schools and charitable 
institutions, together with happy homes, villages 
and cities, and all else which marks the develop- 
ment of a civilized and free people. Every man 
who at that critical period performed his duty de- 
serves to be perpetuated in history. Among these 
James M. Harvey was likewise equal to the emer- 
gency, and is amply entitled to have his name en- 
rolled among the patriots of that period, wlio labored 
efficiently in bringing about the future prosperity 
of the commonwealth which now occupies a proud 
position among the States west of the Mississippi, 





of tLie most popular and 
distinguished gun 1 1 e m e n 
who ever served the State 
of Kansas as her Executive, 
is to-day an honored citi- 
zen of that gi'cat common- 
wealth and a resident of her capital 
city. He was chosen to this high 
position at a critical time in the 
history of the State. While it 
is true that no commonwealth in 
our glorious galaxy of States has 
been so sorel}' tried or passed 
through so many and such severe 
ordeals, there have been some jjeri- 
ods of greater trials than others. 
One crisis after another has come upon this people, 
but tlicrc was always a Arm and wise hand ready 
and able to guide the ship of State through the 
storm and over the shoals. Kansas found in the 
person of Mr. Osborn a safe leader, a patriot and a 
statesman. From the year 1872 to 1877 was an 
important period in the history of Kansas, and during 
this time Thomas A. Osborn stood at the head of 
its affairs. Manj' vital questions were forced upon 
the Executive during these eventful years, and the 
record he made then will ever endear him to the 
hearts of the people of the State he so efficiently 
served. When tried he was not found wanting, 
but demonstrated that he possessed a sound judg- 
ment, a keen foresight, and an unfaltering devotion 
to the well-being and prosperity of the State. Though 
a stanch Republican as a citizen, as a Governor he 
was non partisan, and worked impartially to the bet- 
terment and welfare of the whole people. Not only 

has he been a valued citizen of the State because 
he so ably filled the Gubernatorial Chair for two 
terms, but because for over a quarter of a century 
he has stood in the front rank of her most progres- 
sive and patriotic citizens, aiding in every laudable 
enterprise having for its object the public good. 

Thomas A. Osborn was born nearly fifty-two 
years ago, at Meadville, Pa., Oct. 26, 1836. He 
attended the common schools of his neighborhood 
during his boyhood, and at the age of fifteen com- 
menced life as a printer by carrying the newspapers 
of the office. Here he served a full apprenticeship, 
and in the meantime pursued the course of study 
which had been interrupted by the necessity of 
making his own living. By his labors at the case 
he was enabled in due time to earn enough mone^' 
to pay his way through Allegheny College, and in 
1 856 he commenced the study of law in the office 
of Judge Derrrickson, of his native town. The 
year following he came to Michigan, and was ioon 
afterward admitted to the bar. In November, 
1857, he migrated to Kansas, and began his career 
in the Territory at Lawrence, asacompositor in the 
office of the Herald of Freedom. Such was his 
fidelity to dut}', and his industry and efficiency, 
that he was soon promoted to the position of foreman, 
and in March, 1858, the editor of the paper, after 
a two-weeks absence, expressed his thanks "to his 
worthy foreman, T. A. Osborn, Esq., for the very 
satisfactory manner in which he has conducted its 

Before Mr. Osborn w^as twenty-two years old he 
commenced the practice of law at Elwood, Doni- 
phan County, and soon acquired a fine reputation 
in his chosen profession. Politically, he was a strong 



Republican and Free-State man, and in 1859 was 
elected Senator from Uoiiiplian County to tlie first 
State Legislature, taking his seat in 1861, when 
twenty-five years old. The year following he was 
chosen President ^;ro fe;ft of the Senate during the 
absence of the Ueutenant Governor, and during 
the impeachment trial of Gov. Robinson and others. 
His next promotion was his election to the office of 
Lieutenant Governor over his competitor, Hon. .J. ,7. 

In 1864 Mr. Osborn received the appointment of 
United States Marshal in Kansas, by President 
Lincoln, and occupied the position until 18G7, re- 
siding during and after his terra of office at Leaven- 
worth. Li tiie fall of 1872 he accc|)ted from the 
hands of his party the nomination for Governor of 
Kansas. The convention assembled atTopeka, and 
their candidate was elected by a majority of 34,000. 
He was duly inaugurated in January, 1873, and 
served with so great ability and rendered such sat- 
isfaction that ho was again chosen at the State Con- 
vention of his part}' for a second term. The fol- 
lowing iS'ovember he was duly elected, and served 
another two years. 

It is proijcr in this connection to give a resume 
of some of the occurrences in Kansas at the time 
Gov. Osborn occupied the position of State Execu- 
tive. In May, 1874, during his second year as 
Governor, the Indians on the southwestern frontier 
commenced depredations upon the settlers in Bar- 
bour County, which were confined for a time to the 
stealing of their cattle and horses. Jn an attempt 
to recover some of the plunder, a detachment of 
United States Cavalry fatally wounded a son of 
Little Robe, a chief of the Cheyennes. This in- 
cited the Indians to open outrages, and in June five 
murders were committed. These outrages alarmed 
the entire southwestern border, and action was at once 
taken to place the more exposed points in as good 
a condition of defense as was possible. Companies 
were organized and armed in readiness foranemer- 
genc}', and stockades were constructed by the set- 
tlers at Medicine Lodge, Kiowa, Sun City, and at 
points midway between the two latter places. Not- 
withstanding these precautions, hundreds of people 
deserted their homes and sought protection in the 
larger towns. In July other murders were com- 
mitted, and suspicion pointed strongly to the Osage 
Indians. Early in August a party of these, twenty- 
five in nun:ber, appeared near the town of Kiowa, 
claiming to be out on a buffalo hunt, and upon be- 
ing ordered to return to their reservation tney re- 
fused to do so. This was communicated to Capt. 
Kicker, who was in command of a company of 
mounted militia, and who in setting out to find 
them, overtook them about fifteen miles northeast 

of Medicine Lodge. In the skirmish which ensued 
four Indians were killed. The savages now grew 
more bold and decided in their onslaught iii)on the 
wiiite settlers, and by the 1st of Sei)tembcr they 
had slain sixteen citizens, six of whom were resi- 
dents of Lawrence and jicaceably engaged in sur- 
veying public lands forty miles south and twenty 
miles west of Dodge Citj'. Gov. Osborn was com- 
pelled to keep the volunteer militia companies on 
the border in active service until nearly the close 
of 1874, and between those who urged extreme 
measures and those who, more timid, advised a pol- 
icy of extreme forbearance, he was in a position re- 
quiring great ingenuity and temperance of action. 
Few men in his position could have done better, 
and more would probably have failed in assisting to 
bring all these troubles to a peaceable conclusion. 

After leaving the Gubernatorial Chair in 1877, 
Mr. Osborn was appointed by President Hayes, 
United States Minister to Chili. lu this i)osition he 
remained for four years, when he was tendered by 
President Garfield the position of Minister to the 
Empire of Brazil. This he accepted, and remained 
near the court of Don Pedro until the administra- 
tion of President Cleveland came into power. 

Mr. Osborn's record as a foreign Minister was 
not only highlj' creditable to our own Nation, but 
doubly so to him as an official and a citizen of the 
great peace-loving Republic of America. While in 
Chili he quite active in trying to bring to an 
end the bloody war in which that country was en- 
gaged with Peru and Bolivia, and in 1.S80 presided 
over a conference of representatives of tlie bellig- 
erent power on board the American man-of-war 
"L.ackawanna" in the bay of Arica, which had in 
view that object. He also interested himsi-lf in 
bringing to a peaceful conclusion the long-pending 
boundar}'' dispute between Chili and the Argentine 
Republic. For his valued and able services in this 
connection he received the thanks of both nations. 

Since Gov. Osborn's return to the United States 
he has occupied himself in various enterprises, and 
while not entirely eschewing politics, has made 
known his desire to be excused from filling further 
official positions. He stood at the liendot' the Kansas 
delegation to the National Republican Convention in 
1888, and in that august assembly was a prominent 
figure. He is a man whose opinions are universally 
held in respect, and one who has no unimportant 
influence in the councils of his part\'. His early 
life and training served to build up within him that 
patience and self-reliance, and that perseverance in 
behalf of a worthy principle, which has been the 
secret of his standing among his fellowmen, and 
distinguished him as a man of more than ordinary 
ability, and one eminently to Le trusted. 



the seventh Governor of 
the State of Kansas, came 
of an excellent family of the 
. Empire State, who were or- 
thodox Quakers religionsly, 
'-/ ^ and who in point of the ele- 
ments which go to make u\\ the bone 
and sinew of the social fabric, pos- 
o-Pii|!\jV* sessed all the characteristics of that pe- 
^^'M^f'i. ciiliar people. He was born in May- 
6^|S1 field, Fulton Co., N. Y., June 9, 1 824, 
^f^ and spent his boyhood and youth on a 
"^S^§^"" farm, acquiring his education mostly 
•^'' in the winter season, and making him- 
self useful at agricultuvnl pursuits in summer. 
About the age of nineteen he cummenced learning 
the tin and copper smith's trade at Unu)n Springs, 
C'ayugn County, which he followed as a journey- 
man five years, then repaired to Ballston Spa, and 
clerked in a hardware store until his removal to 
Medina, in 1850. 

In the town above mentioned Mr. Anthony found 

his future wife, Miss Rose A. Lyons, to whom he 
was married Dec. 14, 1852, and thereafter for a 
period of nine years was engaged in trade in hard- 
ware, tin and stoves, and also carried on the manu- 
facture of stoves and agrieulturalimplements. Later 
he engaged in the commission business, and in due 
time was made Loan Commissioner for Orleans 
County, being thus occupied three years. 

During the late Rebellion and under the call of 
July 2, 1862, for additional troops, Mr. Anthony 
was selected by request of Gov. Morton as one of a 
committee of seven to raise and organize troops in the 
Twenty-eighth District of New York, embracing the 
counties of Orleans, Niagara and Genesee. In Au- 
o-ust following he was authorized to recruit an inde- 
pendent battery of light artillery of six guns, anil 
which was subsequently known as the 17lh New- 
York Independent Battery. Such was the in- 
dustry with which he set about this ctimmission, 
that in four d.ays the maximum number was secured 
and mustered into service, with Mr. Anthony as 
Captain, and they proceeded at once to Washington. 



Capt. Anthony served with his battery until the 
L-lose of the war. operating between Washington and 
Iiielimond, and in front of the latter city and Pe- 
tersburg, being with tlie 18th Army Corps during 
the last year of the war. He was breveted Major 
for services in the last campaign ending at Appo- 
mattox Court House, and after the surrender of the 
Confederate forces, vvas mustered out of service at 
Richmond, Va., June 12, 1865. 

In November, 1865, Mr. Anthony changed his 
residence from Rochester, N. Y., to Leavenworth, 
this State, and became editor of the Leavenworth 
Daily Bulletin, also of the Leavenworth Daily Con- 
servative, filling the position two years and one-half. 
He subsequently assumed proprietorship of tha Kan- 
sas Fanner, which he conducted six years. In the 
meantime such had been the zeal with which he in- 
terested himself in the afifairs of a State struggling 
for recognition, and only needing good men for 
leaders, that he was recognized as a man eminently 
fitted for promotion, and in December, 1867, was 
appointed United States Internal Revenue Assistant 
Assessor, and the following year Collector of Inter- 
nal Revenue. For three j'ears he was President of 
the Kansas State Board of Agriculture, and for two 
years held the same position on the Board of Cen- 
iennial Managers for the State, and was discharging 
the duties of the three offices at the time of his 
election as Governor, on the 7th of November, 

Ciov. Anthony, while State Executive, presided 
wisely as counselor over the many difficult ques- 
tions arising at that time, and retired from tiie 
office with the best wishes of those who had realized 
how faithfully he had endeavored to perform his 
;'.:ty. He continued his residence in Leavenworth 
ifter the expiration of his term of office, and there- 
Kfler was employed much of the time in a respon- 
sible position, in connection with the extension of 
the great Santa Fe Railroad through New Mexico 
and into Old Mexico. 

That Gov. Anthony was popular during his in- 
cumbency of the Executive office, is indicated by 
the fact that the county seat of Harper County was 
named in his honor. Over the establishment of 
this town there was much earnest debate in regard 
to its location and many other important details in 

connection therewith. It is now a city of impor- 
tance, and was honored with a post-office in the 
summer of 1878. At first the service was only 
weekl}-, but in due time became daily, and it vvas 
made a money-order office in 1880. Previous to 
this, however, a bank had been established in a 
small frame structure standing on the street, and 
its business was soon conducted in a store building, 
with a capital of $20,000. The Globe Mills were put 
up in 1880-81, at a cost of over $25,000, and in due 
time commanded a large trade from points in the 
Indian Territory, as well as the surrounding towns. 

Churches and newspapers sprang up in due time 
in the town of Anthony, and various lodges of the 
different societies were named in honor of the 
Governor. The town itself lies on the edge of a 
beautiful valley, a trifle over two miles from the 
geographical center of Harper County-, and the site 
was selected after much deliberation by the Town 
Company, which had been formed at Wichita for 
the purpose, as it was found desirable to establish a 
town not far from the center of Harper County, 
which embraced large tracts of beautiful rolling 
land. The projected town was considered a 
matter of serious importance, and not the least 
among the matters connected with its establishment 
was the name by which it should be called. The 
descendants of Gov. Anthony may be pardoned if 
in preserving their family history they keep prop- 
erly in view this fact in connection therewith. The 
town site was made to cover .320 acres, and the first 
work of the company was to build a barracks for 
the accommodation of emigrants, and to dig three 
public wells. 

About as soon as the announcement went forth 
that the " city of Anthonj' " was ready for settle- 
ment, about a dozen box houses sprang up as if by 
magic, and were soon followed b}' a store of general 
merchandise, a hardware and a drug-store, and closely 
upon the heels of tliese came a physician and an 
attorne3'. The new town grew rapidly-, and now 
occupies a proud position among the other cities 
adjacent, going in some respects ahead of those 
which are older. As ma}' be supposed, the patriot, 
the ex-soldier, and one of tlie most conscientious 
men who ever occupied the Gul)cinatorial Chair of 
Kansas, has watched its growth with lively interest. 


gohn, -fm 


OHN P. ST. JOHN, eigbth 
Governor of the State of 
Kansas, was born In Brook- 
field, Franklin Co., Ind., 
Feb. 25, 1833. The family 
is of Huguenot descent. 
Daniel St. John, the paternal 
grandfather, was a native of 
Luzerne Country, Pa., and for 
' sixty years was one of the fore- 
most ministers of the Universalist 
denomination, preaching witii un- 
swerving faith the doctrines he 
bad espoused, and illustrating their 
purity by aguilelessand untarnished 
reputation. He was the friend and 
contemporary of Jlurray, Ballou, Streeter and 
Thomas, and was numbered with ti\em as one of 
the American fathers of this religious faith. He 
was also a Freemason, and at the time of his 
death, «hich occurred in Broad Kipjjle, Ind., was 
the oldest member of the fraternity in the State. 

The subject of this sketch was the son of Samuel 
St. John, who was liorn in Orange Countj^, N. Y., 
.nd was a man of mure tlian ordinarj' ability. The 
mother, Sophia (Sncll) St. John, was of English 
'.xUaction, a lad}' of rare intelligence, with a char- 
acter adorned by all the Christian virtues. The 
children of farmers in the rural districts of Indiana 
forty years ago were taught by such instructors as 
the limited means of the inhabit:uits could com- 
mand, and who dispensed knowledge usually only 
two short terms each year. Under these circum- 


stances the early education of John P. St. John 
was acquired. He soon mastered the elementary 
branches taught in the district school, but deter- 
mined to carry on his education as soon as he could 
secure the means, and for this purpose, while yet 
a youth, entered a store, but devoted his leisure 
hours to his books. 

In Iboi Mr. St. John made his wa}' to the Pa- 
cific Slope, and employed himself at whatever he 
could find to do — wood-chopping, steamboating, 
mining, merchandising, etc. During the period of 
eight years, which, were pregnant with adventure, 
hardship, danger and toil, if not of profit, he made 
voyages to Central America, South America. 
Mexico, Oregon and the Sandwich Islands. He 
was engaged in the Indian Wars of Northern Cali- 
fornia and Southern Oregon in 1852-53, in which 
he suffered all the perils and hardships incident to 
the struggles of that time, and was several times 
wounded in the service. 

During his mining life in California the long- 
cherished predilection of Mr. St. John for the legal 
profession ripened into a definite purpose. He 
accordingl.y in-ocured a few elementary law books, 
and under circumstances calculated to try the 
courage of one less determined, he commenced his 
law studies in his mining camp, reading each even- 
ing after the close of the day's labor by the light 
of a burning pine knot or the camp fire, lie thus 
pursued his studies laboriously for two years. In 
18G0 he returned eastward with but little more of 
this world's goods than wh.en he set out eight years 
before, but cquipjjed with a rich experience, a 



knowledge of the world and a fair idea of common 
law. With the view of perfecting himself still 
further in his studies, he entered the office of 
."Messrs. Starkweather & McLain, at Charleston, 111., 
and at the expiration of a year's time was admitted 
to practice at the bar, and became a member of the 
firm above mentioned. 

The anticipated professional career of Mr. St. 
John, however, was rudely broken in upon by the 
mutterings of Civil War, and laying aside his per- 
sonal interests, he enlisted as a private in Company 
C, G8th Illinois Infantry. The regiment was soon 
sent to Alexandria, Va., and St. John was assigned 
to detached duty as Assistant Adjutant General. 
He continued in this capacity until his term of 
enlistment had expired, but subsequently at Camp 
Mattoon, 111., he was placed in command of the 
troops there, given the commission of Captain, and 
upon the organization of the 143d Illinois, was 
elected Lieutenant Colonel of this regiment. They 
operated subsequently in the Mississippi Valley, and 
Col. St. John continued in the service until 1864, 
when he i-etired to private life, and resumed the 
practice of law in connection with Judge McLaini 
the surviving partner of the old firm. 

In Februar}', 1865, Mr. St. John with his family 
removed to Independence, Mo., where he first 
became prominent as a politician, and as a most 
effective and popular orator. During his four- 
years residence at that point he took an active part 
in the political campaign of 18G8, making an effect- 
ive and vigorous canvass of Western Missouri in 
behalf of the nominees of the Republican party. In 
Ma3', 186!), he changed his residence to Olathe, 
Kan., and associated himself with M. V. B. Parker 
for the practice of law. This continued until 1875, 
and Mr. St. John then formed a partnership wiih 
Hon. I. O. Pickering, of Olathe, and continued the 
practice of his profession until pressing public 
duties forced him to abandon it. 

The prominence <if Gov. St. John in public life 
seems to have become his unsought, and as the re- 
sult of circumstances entirely outside his individ- 
ual purposes or designs. Up to 1872 he had given 
only such attention to political affairs as was 
vouchsafed by all intelligent and patriotic voters. 
He had held unsought the various local offices 

which fall to the lot of responsible citizens in the 
administration of town affairs, and as an ardent Re- 
publican had done acceptable work on the stump 
during the canvass of 1868. Four years later he 
was elected State Senator from Johnson County, 
and at once took a leading position, both on the 
floor as a debator, and in the committee rooms as 
an efficient business member. 

The temperance movement found a sturdy and 
fearless advocate of prohibition in Mr. St. John. 
Consequently when the question came to be an 
issue in the politics of Kansas, he was at once rec- 
ognized as the fit exponent and defender of the 
then unpopular doctrine. The Kansas State Tem- 
perance Convention accordingly nominated him as 
its candidate for Governor, in 1876. He declined 
the nomination, although in full accord with the 
convention on the issue it presented. That same 
fall he was on the first ballot in tiie Republican 
convention, the leading gubernatorial candidate. 
On the seventh ballot he withdrew his name, which 
action resulted in the nomination and snbscipient 
election of Hon. George T. Anthony. 

At the Republican State Convention held two 
years later at Topeka, in August, 1878, Mr. St. 
John received the Republican nomination for 
Governor. Considering the distracting element of 
a third part}', the campaign was brilliant and effect- 
ive, and the result one of the most decisive politi- 
cal victories ever achieved in the State. In 1880, 
in a total vote of 198,238, Mr. St. John was re- 
elected by a majority over the next highest candi- 
date of 51,647 and a majority over all of 32,170, a 
fact which shows how satisfactory to the people 
had been the manner in which he had discharged 
the duties of his office during his first term. 

The great exodus of the colored people from the 
Southern States to Kansas began in 1879, and Gov. 
St. John at once took an active interest in their 
behalf. Through his influence, personal and official, 
the necessities of thousands of these destitute and 
suffering people were relieved and themselves 
placed in a position to become self-sustaining. In 
1882 his friends nominated him as Governor for a 
third term, but he failed of are-election. In 1884 
he w-as the nominee of the Prohibition party for 
President, and received 150.000 votes. 


EORGE AV. GLICK, niiiih 
Governor of Kansas, was its 
first Democratic State Ex- 
ecutive. He was born at 
Greeiicastle, Fairfield Co., 
Oliio, July 4, 1827, and on 
the paternal side is of Gcr- 
His great-grandfatiier. 

man descent. 
m> VVJ Henry Glick, was one of five brothers 

"■/iv: " 

who left the l)eaiitifiil Riiinc country 
.^#>Ji;\#;j prior to the Revolutionar3^ War. In 

ZfS9^) tliis immortal struggle they all partici- 
^J-^ pated andsubsequently settled inPenn- 

'"^^W" sylvania. George Glick, grandfather 
•^ " of tlie Governor, served as a soldier 
in the War of 1812, and was severel3' wounded at 
the battle of Ft. Meigs. 

Isaac Glick, the father of George W., and who 
was prominent as a farmer and stock-raiser of San- 
dusky Countj-, Ohio, held for three consecutive 
terms the office of Treasurer of that county, and 
was a man accounted above reproach, both in his 
business and private character. He married Miss 
Mary Sanders, daughter of George Sanders, who 
was a soldier patriot in the AVar of 1812, in which 
he ranked as a Captain and bore the marks of his 
bravery in bodily wounds of a serious nature. Mrs. 
Mary (Sanders) Glick is a lady of high culture and 
great pietj% active in the work of Christian charit}'. 
and of that retiring disposition which fnll^- car- 
I'ied out the command of the great teacher, "Let 
not tliy right hand know what thy left hand doeth." 
As a boy, George AV. Glick was more than usually 
studious, and acquired a good English education, 
embracing the higher mathematics and the lan- 
guages, which lent a polish to his practical sense and 
busiiicss qualifications, and enabled him to succeed 

almost uniformly in his undertakings. AVhcn he 
was a little lad of five years the family removed to 
Lower Sandusky, now Fremont, where, after com- 
pleting his education, he entered tlie law office of 
Buckland & Hayes, tlie junior member of the firm 
being afterwaid President of tlie United States. In 
due time he passed a thorough examination in con- 
nection with the Cincinnati Law School students, 
and was admitted to the bar by tlic Sui)rcme Court. 
Mr. Glick commenced the practice of his profes- 
sion at Fremont, Ohio, where his careful attention 
to the interests of his clients secured him a lartre 


patronage. Later he removed to Sandusky City, 
and in 18.58 was made the Congressional nominee 
of the Democratic party in his district, but declined 
the honor in the presence of the convention, but 
accepted later the nomination for State Senator. 
Although defeated, he ran nearly 2,000 votes ahead 
of his party ticket. Later he was elected Judge 
Advocate General of the 2d Regiment of the Sev- 
enteenth Division of the Ohio Militia, with the rank 
of Colonel, receiving his commission from Gov. 
Salmon P. Chase. 

Late in 1858 Mr. Glick came to Kansas, locating 
in Atchison, and associated himself in the practice 
of law with Hon. Alfred G. Otis. This gentleman 
was well versed in jurisprudence, and as Judge of 
the Second Judicial District from January, 1877, to 
Januar}', 1881, won golden opinions as an adminis- 
trator of justice. Tlie firm of Otis & Glick contin- 
ued fifteen 3"eai-s, and was finally- dissolved in con- 
sequence of a throat affection from which Mr. Glick 
had suffered for some time. The firm settled up 
its affairs annually, never a dispute occurring, 
its last settlement having been effected within an 

\t the first election held under the 'W'vandottc 



Constitution, Dec. 6, 1859, Mr. Glick was made the 
Democratic nominee for Judge of the Second Judi- 
cial District, and received a vote larger tlian that 
of any candidate on his ticket. He was elected a 
member of the House of Representatives from the 
city of Atchison, in 1862, and each consecutive year 
thereafter until 18G7. He was re-elected in 1875 
and again in 1 880. During these years he was Chair- 
man of tlie Judiciary Committee, and was chosen 
to fill this position by the Republican Speakers of 
the House, who manifested the utmost confidence 
in his wisdom and integrity. Thereafter he served 
on the most important committees existing, and 
during the session of 1876 was Speaker pro tern of 
the House. In Maj^, 1874, he served as State Sen- 
ator, having been elected to fill the vacancy caused 
by the resignation of the Hon. Joseph C. "Wilson. 
From this time on Mr. Glick constantly called 
into requisition by his party, being in 1886 a dele- 
gate to the Union Convention at Philadelphia, and 
in 1870 a member of the Democratic State Central 
Committee. Subsequently he was a member of the 
State Central Relief Committee, and was commis- 
sioned a Centennial Manager by Gov. Thomas A. 
Osborn in 1876. Subsequently he was elected 
Treasurer of the Board of Manageis, and was pres- 
ent at the first meeting in Philadelphia, wiien the 
arranging of the displ.ay was completed. In July, 
1882, he was nominated by acclamation as the Dem- 
ocratic candidate for Governor, and at the election 
received considerable support outside of his party. 
Mr. Glick was County Commissioner of Atchison 
County upon his accession to the office of Governor, 
and was also holding the position of Auditor. In 
his election to this office he received about forty- 
six per cent of the votes cast, and was outdone by 
only one man in this respect, namely, John P. St. 
John, who, in 1880, received about fifty-eight per 
cent. Although a man of temperate habits, he does 
not consider prohibition a sovereign remedy for 
the evils arising from the use of, and traffic in, in- 
toxicatinp- drinks. In Februarj', 1876, while a 
member of Aie House and during the tendency of 
the proposed amendment to the Dram Shop Act, he 
entered a protest, which was spread upon the House 
Journal, in which he maintained that the Prohibi- 
tory Liquor Law had, wherever tried, failed to ac- 

complish its purpose, and that this proposition was 
conceded by all who were not controlled b}' fanat- 
icism; that no one w(juld attempt to enforce sucn 
a law, and that regulation and control of the traffic 
was an absolute necessity for the preservation of 
the peace and good order of society, and that this 
control was made of no effect by the proposed 

Mr. Glick furthermore contended that the reve- 
nue derived from the sale of intoxicating liquors 
aided in paying the burdensome expenses following 
the wake of such sales, and that by the proposed 
law the burdens upon the public were increased 
while its ability to prevent them w.ts decreased. 
He believed that if the bill became a law it would 
increase the number of places where liquor would be 
sold, thereby resulting in the increase of the evils of 
the traffic, and also the expenses of protecting life and 
propert}' and preserving the public peace. 

The early Kansas railroads found in Gov. Glick 
a stanch and efficient assistant, and he was one 
of the first Directors of the Central Branch of the 
Union Pacific, running west fiom Atchison. He 
was also a Director of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa 
Pe — the important transportation line of the State 
and of the country west of the Mississippi. From 
the time of the organization of the Atchison & Ne- 
braska, he was its President to its completion, and 
spent four years of incessant labor in order to effect 
its construction from Atchison to the capital city 
of Omaha. He organized the Atchison Gas CV)m- 
pany and secured the building of the works. Many 
of the buildings in the city of Atchison, both busi- 
ness and dwelling-houses, were erected by him, and 
he has generously disbursed his capital to encourage 
those enterprises best calculated to increase the im- 
portance of the city. 

Mr. Glick was married at Massillon, Ohio, Sept. 
17, 1857, to Miss Elizabeth, daughter of Dr. A. 
Ryder, of Fremont, that State. While he was State 
Executive his son Frederick was his private secre- 
tary. This son and a daughter Jennie are his only 
children. Mr. Glick was the first Master 'of the 
Shannon Hills Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry. 
He has been a member of the Masonic fraternity 
nearly forty years, and aided in organizing the 
Royal Arch Chapter and Commandery, of Atchison, 



l^vilE tenlli Governor of Kansas 
was born March 10, 1839, at 
Brownsville, Pa., and in his 
early days, after an ordinarj' 
education, learned the prin- 
ter's trade. In 18.57 he went 
to Pittsburgh, and was em- 
ployed in the office of the Commer- 
cial Journal,an(\ early in October 
of that year he emigrated to 
Kansas and located in Atchison. 
lie purciiased tlie office of the 
Squatter Sovereign in February, 
jj5% 1 858, and changed its name to the 
Freeman's Champion, and on the 
20th of the month commenced his 
editorial career in this State, by 
the issue of the first number of the paper which he 
has since been identified with. He was always a 
stanch free-State man, and an earnest and ardpnt 
Eepublican, being among the organizers of that 
grand old party in his native State. He was Sec- 
retary of the Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, 
and was elected State Senator before he was of age. 
During tlie summer of 1801 Mr. Martin assisted 
in organizing the 8th Kansas Infantr}', of which he 
was appointed Lieutenant Colonel. The regiment 
served on the Missouri border during the fall and 


winter of 18G1. Early in 1862 he was appointed 
Provost Marshal of Leavenworth, and in March of 
the same year his regiment was ordered to Corinth, 
Sliss., Lieut. Col. Jlartin in command. A few weeks 
after, when at Corinth, the regiment with the 
division to which it was attached, was ordered to 
join Gen. Buell in Tennessee, and thereafter during 
the whole war it served in the Army of the Cumber- 
land. Lieut. Col. Martin was promoted to be 
Colonel on the 1st of November, 1862, and was 
Provost Marshal of Nashville, Tenn., from Decem- 
ber, 1862, to June, 1863. The regiment, under his 
command, took part in the battles of Perryville 
and Lancaster, K}'., the campaign against Tul- 
lahomaand Cliattanooga, the battle of Chickamauga, 
the siege of Chattanooga, the storming of Mission 
Ridge, the campaign of East Tennessee, in tlie win- 
ter of 1863-64, the campaign from Chattanooga to 
Atlanta, and the subsequent pursuit of Hood north- 
ward. Col. Martin commanded the 3d Brigade, 1st 
Division, 20th Army Corps, on the second dn}- fpf 
the battle of Chickamauga, and during the siege of 
Cliattanooga, and commanded the 1st Brigade, 3d 
Division, 4th Army Corps, from August, 1S64, until 
his muster out at Puhiski, Tenn., Nov. 17, 1864. 

In a lengthy description of tlie battle of Mission 
Kidge, published in the New York Times of .July 



18, 1876, Maj. Gen. Thomas J. Wood, who com- 
manded the 3d Division, 4th Corps, Army of the 
Cumberland, says: 

"Willich's brigade, in the center, had with it the 
heroic, accomplished Martin, Colonel of the 8th 
Kansas. What that regiment cotilil not take it was 
not worth while to send any other regiment to loolc 
for. Martin was among the foremost to set the 
example of the upward movement, and among the 
first to reach the crest." 

In a letter published in the Cincinnati Commer- 
cial oi San. 24, 1876, the late Brig. Gen. August 
Willich, commander of tlie 1st Brig.ade, 3d Division, 
4tb Armj' Corps, after staling that the orders he 
received at Orchard Knob, concerning the advance 
to Mission Ridge, were to "take the rifle pit at the 
foot of Mission Ridge, and to keep that position," 
and describing the advance to tlie liase of tlie ridge 
and tlie capture of the rifle pits there, says: 

"Herein the work assigned by Gen. Grant was 
accomplished. But now the fire of the enemy be- 
came very severe; the shells rent tlie ground in 
every direction; our lines were infiladed fn:)m tlie 
different spars of the ridge, where the enemy was 
protected against our fire by his works and his 
dominant position. There appeared at first thought 
to Gen. Willich, holding position about 100 yards 
behind the rifle pits, to be only three chances, viz: 
To obey orders and to be shot without effective 
resistance ; to fall hack, or to charge. The second 
chance being out of the question, I galloped with 
Lieut. Green, of my staff, up to the 8th Kansas, 
lying in line behind tlie rifle pits. Col. Martin, 
commanding tlie regiment, seeing me, jumped on 
the breastworks and shouted : 'Here we are. Gen- 
eral, what more?' 'Forward, storm! We have to 
take the works on the ridge,' was the answer. The 
Colonel: 'Altogether, boj's, forward! Hip, hip, 
hurrah!' Like one man, the whole line, with one 
leap, cleared the breastworks; forward they moved 
and the air was soon filled with the sound, 'Forward ! 
Forward !' extending more and more, right and left." 

Returning home, Col. Martin resumed control of 
the Atchison GlMinpion esrly in Januaiy, 18G-5,and 
on the 22d of March issued the first number of the 
Daily Champion. He has been commander of the 
department, a delegate to the National Republican 

Conventions of 1860, 1868, 1872 and 1880; was a 
United States Centennial Commissioner, and one of 
the Vice Presidents of that body ; was one of the 
incorporators of the State Historical Societ}', of 
which he was President for one term; was elected 
by the two Houses of Congress one of the Boaixl of 
Managers of the National Soldiers' Home, in 1878, 
and re-elected in 1882, being now Second Vice 
President of that body. He was married, .June 1, 
1871, to Miss Ida Challiss, eldest daughter of Dr. 
William L. Challiss, of Atchison, and has seven 

At the Republican State Convention, held in 
Topeka July 17, 1884, the rules were suspended and 
John A. Martin was nominated for Governor by 
acclamation. At the November election following 
he was elected Governor bj^ a plurality of 38,495 
votes. At the Republican State Convention, held 
in Topeka July 7, 1886, he was again unanimously 
nominated for a second term, and at the November 
election following was elected Governor by a plu- 
rality vote of 33,918. He was the first and only 
Governor of Kansas who was twice unanimously 
nominated by his party for that office, and has 
served with distinction, filling the honored position 
occupied by his able predecessors with equal ability, 
and giving to the people as the Chief Executive of 
the populous and growing State, satisfaction. He 
is a man of honest, upright character, and abhors 
triclieiy and deceit, and in looking over his long 
and useful life he may well feel a just pride at the 
position he has won in the esteem and confidence 
of honest men, and the respect of all good citizens. 
There are but few men of the stirring State of 
Kansas who have been more closely identified with 
all public movements for the general welfare and 
prosperity of the State than John A. Martin. His 
name may be found on almost every page of the 
memorable history of Kansas, from the holding of 
the first Republican Convention, held at Osawato- 
inie in 1859, until to-day, when he is the leading 
spirit among the enterprising men of the most pro- 
gressive State of the Nation. A man of excellent 
judgment, moved by honest purpose and love for 
the general Welfare of the whole State, he is always 
found identified with the right, and, as might be 
expected, popular with the people. 

Q>J!^ /VVUVAV V^ ^ 

tSJi^t^t^ ti^i ■.,',■. .^r.'i'.,'. -.'(i^ii^i^t%'Sgcga'i^'^'^'^'^'§fea'??i!i'?g)'iS!j'^'^'agit^ 




ll'^g!^tgSl^B§^'^'^a'^^?Sl^;:.l^'^^^■'<.•'■■-^'l' .•<' y^iil\*M^^?»C^Cii^vi^vii^m>(^^c>i?i^<S^(^C^<Sif 


This distinguished gen- 
tleman was chosen Gov- 
ernor of Kansas, at the 
election held in Novem- 
ber, 1888. He had made 

C;\o(^oy3 for himself an honorable record on 
the deadl^r battle-field, .is well as in 
^'^^M^k^ the more monotonous, though not 
less courage-requiring hours of po- 
litical life, in the fields of journal- 
ism, in the forensic arena, and in 
the various capacities in wiiich he 
has labored for the public weal. It 
is not our purpose in this brief 
sketch, to dwell at great length upon iiis ])rivate 
life, his public record sufficing to indicate that liis 
char.acter is noble, and his example a worth j" one. 
Gov. Humphrey was born in Stark County. Ohio, 
July 25, 1844. His father, Col. Lyman Humphrey, 
who was a native of Connecticut, of English de- 
scent, and a lawyer of distinction, died when the 
subject of this sketch was but eight years of age. 
At the outbre.ak of the Civil "War, in 1861, Gov. 
Humphrey was attending the Iligli .School at Mas- 
sillon, and his fervid, patriotic heart was thrilled to 
the utmost, with an enthusiastic desire to serve his 
country, and uphold the flag which he had been 
taught to revere. Though only a boy of seven- 

teen, he enlisted in Company I, 7Gth Ohio Infan- 
try, a regiment famous for its bravery, and for the 
eminent men who belonged to it. Such was the o-al- 
lantry, and the proper conception of a soldier's du- 
ties exhibited by him, that he had been promoted 
to the office of 1st Lieutenant, had acted as Adju- 
tant of his regiment, and had commanded a com- 
pany for a year, before he was out of his minority. 
Much active service was experienced \)y Capt. 
Humphrey, and among the battles in which he par- 
ticipated, were those of Donelson, Pittsburg Land- 
ing, Corinth, the siege of Vicksburg, Chattanooga, 
Atlanta, and the fighting around tiiat city, he be- 
ing under fire five or six weelcs in that single cam- 
paign. He was with Sherman in liis march to tlie 
sea, was present at tiie capture of Savannah, and 
was engaged in many other trying scenes. He was 
with his regiment in tiie campaign through the 
Carolinas, and took part in the battle of Benton - 
ville, as well as in the capture of Gen. Joe John- 
ston's army. He was twice wounded, once at 
j Pittsburg Lauding, and once at Ciiattanooga, hut 
I refused to retire from the field. During the four 
years of his military service, he never absent 
from duty for a day. The regiment of which he 
was a member, belonged to the 1st Brigade, 1st 
Division, 1.5th Corps, Army of the Tennessee. 
At the termination of the war Capt. Humphrey 
\ resumed the studie." whic> had been interrupted by 



the "irrepressible conflict," feeling the need of a 
more thorough education to fit him to act well his 
part in the battle of life. He entered Mt. I'nion 
College, and soon after matriculated in the law de- 
partment of the Michigan I'niversitj', from which 
he was graduated after having completed his stud- 
ies in the legal profession. Returning to his native 
State he was admitted to practice in the several 
courts of Ohio, in 1868, but feeling that the West 
would afford a broader field for his labors, he re- 
moved to Shelby County, Mo., where for a time he 
assisted in editing the Shelby County Herald. 

The newer State of Kansas, which had already 
become the home of many men eminent in various 
walks of life, seemed to beckon Capt. Humphrey 
still further West, and in Februar}', 1871, he crossed 
the Missouri and located at Independence. He 
formed a law i>artnership with the Hon. Alexander 
M. York, the attempt at wiiose briber^' b}' Senator 
Pomeroy in 1873, during the contest for United 
States Senatorial honors, brought his name promi- 
nently before the peofile of Kansas as an opponent 
to fraud and corruption. The legal relation be- 
tween the two gentlemen lasted until 1876, after 
which time Gov. Humphrey continued the practice 
of his chosen profession alone. The Independence 
Tribune was founded by Messrs. A .M. York, 
W. T. Yoe and L. U. Humphrej', the latter with- 
drawing from the firm at the expiration of a year. 

Gov. Humphrey had not long been a resident of 
Kansas before his talents were known and his fit- 
ness for public office appreciated. In 1871, the 
\'ear of his arrival in the State, he was honored by 
the Republican nomination as candidate for a seat 
in the State Legislature, but because of his vigor- 
ous opposition to the issue of questionable bonds 
to the L. L. ife G. Railroad Company', he was de- 
feated by a small vote. In 1876 he was vindicated 
bj' an election to the House from a district forin- 
erl3' Democratic, and served two years as a member 
of the Republican State Central Committee. In 
1877 Melville J. Salter having accepted a position 
in the land oflice at Independence, resigned his 
position as Lieutenant Governor, and our subject 
was chosen to fill the vacancy. His principal op- 
ponent was the Democratic candidate. Thomas W. 
Waterson, who received 24,740 votes, while Mr. 

Humphrey received 62.750, his majorit}' over all 
other candidates being 27,381. The following j-ear 
he was re-elected; the covention which nominated 
him having, after a protracted and exciting strug- 
gle, placed John P. St. John at the head of the 

In 1884 Mr. Humphrey was elected to the Slate 
Senate for the term of four years, anl upon the or- 
ganization of that Legislative body was chosen 
President, pro tern, by a unanimous vote. On 
July 25, 1888, that being the forty-fourth anni- 
versary of his birth, he was nominated for Gover- 
nor of the State of Kansas, and was elected by the 
splendid majority of 73,361. Gov. Humphrey 
carried 104 out of the 106 counties in the State, 
his opponent in the contest being no less prominent 
a person than Judge .Tohn 3Iartin. 

Gov. Humphrey has been frequently called upon 
to preside as a Judge, pro tem, of the District 
Court, an honor which indicates the degree of con- 
fidence reposed in him by the public. He has been 
an active Republican, and has an enviai)le record 
both as a speaker and writer in behalf of the prin- 
ciples to which he is a devotee. He is dee|5ly in- 
terested in the promulgation of tbe fundamental 
doctrines of true government, and the loyal prin- 
ciples for which our forefathers in earlier j'ears and 
our nearer kinsmen in recent times, gave their 
strength and even their lives. He belongs to the 
Lo3'al Legion, a body made up of those who, like 
himself, are intensely patriotic. Also is a member 
of the G. A. R., and a prominent Mason. His affa- 
bility, his frankness, and his justice in dealing with 
men, has won for him a high place in the esteem of 
all with whom he comes in contact, either personally 
or through the medium of his published addresses. 
His keen perception as to the wants of the growing 
State, his desire that she shall be built up in all the 
elements that constitute the true greatness and glor}^ 
of a government or of a people, and the powers of 
discrimination, which lead him to discern right from 
wrong, justice from injustice, especially qualify him 
for the high office to which the people called him. 

Gov. Ilumphrej' was married at Independence on 
Christmas Day, 1872, to Miss Leonard, daughter of 
James C. Leonard. They have two ch Idren, Ly- 
man L., and A. Lincoln. 


Jackson, Jefferson and Pottawatomie Counties, 




jHE time has arrived when it 
becomes the duty of the 
people of this county to per- 
petuate tlie names of their 
pioneers, to furnish a record 
of their early settlement, 
and relate the story of their 
progress. The civilization of our 
day, the enlightenment of the age 
and the duty that men of the pres- 
ent time owe to their ancestors, to 
themselves and to their posterity, 
demand that a record of their lives 
and deeds should be made. In bio- 
graphical history is found a power 
to instruct man by precedent, to 
enliven the mental faculties, and 
to waft down the river of time a 

safe vessel in which the names and actions of the 
people who contributed to raise this country from its 
primitive state may be preserved. Surely and rapidly 
the great and aged men, who in their jsrime entered 
the wilderness and claimed the virgin soil as their 
heritage, are passing to their graves. The number re- 
maining wlio cnn relate the incidents of the first days 
jf settlement is becoming small indeed, so that an 
actual necessity exists for tlie collection and preser- 
vation of events without delay, before all the early 
settlers are cut down by the scythe of Time. 

To be forgotten has been the gieat dread of mankind 
from remotest ages. All will be forgotten soon enough, 
in spite of their best works and the most earnest 
efforts of their friends to perserve the memory of 
their live-;. The nie.ins employed to prevent oblivion 
and to perpetuate their memory has Ijeen in propor- 
tion to the amount of intelligence they possessed. 
Th-; pyramids of Egypt were built to perpetuate the 
names and deeds of their great rulers. The exhu- 
mations made by the archeologists of Egypt from 
buried Memphis indicate a desire of those people 

to perpetuate the memory of their achievements 
The erection of the great obelisks were for the same 
purpose. Coming down to a later period, we find the 
Greeks and Romans erecting mausoleums and monu- 
ments, and carving out statues to chronicle their 
great achievements and carry them down the ages. 
It is also evident that the Mound-builders, in piling 
up their great mounds of earth, had but this idea — 
to leave something to show that they had lived. All 
these works, though many of them costly in the ex- 
treme, give but a faint idea of the lives and charac- 
ters of those whose memory they were intended to 
perpetuate, and scarcely anything of the masses of 
the people that then lived. The great pyramids and 
some of the obelisks remain objects only of curiosity; 
the mausoleums, monuments and statues are crum- 
bling into dust. 

It was left to modern ages to establish an intelli- 
gent, undecaying, immutable method of perpetuating 
a full history — immutable in that it is almost un- 
limited in extent and perpetual in its action ; and 
this is through the art of printing. 

To the present generation, however, we are in- 
debted for the introduction of the admirable system 
of local biography. By this system every man, though 
he has not achieved what the world calls greatness, 
has the means to perpetuate his life, his history, 
through the coming ages. 

The scythe of Time cuts down all ; nothing of the 
physical man is left. The monument which his chil- 
dren or friends may erect to his memory in the ceme- 
tery will crumble into dust and pass away ; but his 
life, his achievements, the work lie has accomplished, 
which otherwise would be forgotten, is perpetuated 
by a record of this kind. 

To preserve the lineaments of our companions we 
engrave their portraits, for the same reason we col- 
lect the attainable facts of their history. Nor do we 
think it necessary, as we speak only truth of them, to 
wait until they are dead, or until those who know 
them are gone: to do this we are ashamed only to 
publish to the world the history of those whose lives 
are unworthy of public record. 





^uA^^£^ -^^v^M^v^^^m. -^ll^^ 





The largest lainl owner 
of Blue ^^'llley Township, 
Pott.awatoniie County, the 
,-j^raHa-p=uBw-i first Swede settler in Kan- 
i^^u^p sas, .as well as the most 
e^(0GC$5yc> prominent representative of that 
a>jBy(g* nationahty in the entire commu- 
"^"^^^'-^ nity, is the gentleman whose per- 
sonal history is outlined in these 
columns, and who, aithongh now 
past life's prime, is yet vigorous and 
active, full of energy and enterprise, 
always working for the u|)building 
of his county and State, while at 
the same time he has not neglected to .accumnlatc 
sufficient of this world's goods to insure his old 
age against the cares of poverty. 

So successful has Mr. Johnson been in his under- 
taliings that he is now the owner and operator of 
1,800 acres of v.aluable land, while his iiome, beau- 
tifully located on section 13, is a substantial stone 
dwelling, and is remarkable as being the second 
ever built in the township, having been erected as 
early as 1864. T'wo i)arns, built respectively in 
1864 and 1873, afford ample shelter for stock and 
farming machinery, while four tenant liouses add 
to the completeness of the estate. The farm is 
surrounded and divided into lots by good fencing, 

while farm scales, granaries, and other requisites 
of a modern farm are to be found conveniently- 

Sweden was the birthplace of the father of our 
subject, John Johnson, and in his native land he 
followed agriculture on a small farm of his own, 
where he died in 1858, leaving a widow and nine 
children. The mother of our subject was Maria 
Axelson, also born in Sweden. The year after the 
death of her husband she came to the United 
States, whither some of her children had preceded 
her. After locating in Kansas, she took up a claim 
of forty acres in Blue ^'alley Township, but never 
lived to enjoy the fruits of her labons in a new 
country; her death occurred in 1860, at the age of 
fifty-five years. In memory of her the town of 
Mariadahl was named, she being the mother of the 
first Swedish settler in the county. Her children 
left tlieir native eountrj' and made homes for them- 
selves in the Sunflower State. Nels P., John A., 
D. A., G. C. and A. \ ., the five sons, are located in 
Blue Valley Township. Christine, Mrs. Christen- 
sen, of Riley County; Lottie, Mrs. Ekblad, of 
Blue Valley Township; Clara, Mrs. Omon, of 
Fancy Creek Township, Riley County; and Emma, 
deceased, formerly Mrs. Ekblad, complete the 
family record. 

Linkoping, Sweden, was the place where our 
subject first saw the light, the date of his birth be- 



ing Jul3' 30, 1831. He remained on his father's 
farm until he was seventeen years of age, enjoying 
verj' limited school advantages, as it was prior to 
the time of free schools. Between the ages of sev- 
enteen and twenty-one he worked on a farm, and 
then, having determined to come to the United 
Slates, he left Gottonberg in tlie spring of 1852, 
setting sail in the vessel •'Virginia," which, after a 
long, monotonous and uneventful voyage of forty- 
five days, ancliored in New York Harbor. Thence 
our subject came to Illinois, and located in Gales- 
burg, whore he was erajiloyed as a farm hand until 
1855. At time his employer, Mr. Shannon, 
resolved to locate in Kansas, and Mr. 'Johnson ac- 
companied him. riding most of the distance horse- 
back, and driving cattle Iiefore him. They crossed 
the "Father of Waters" at Burlington, and the 
Missouri at Kickapoo Ferry. Coming west to the 
Blue River, they settleii in a desirable location, 
and during the first summer of his residence there 
Mr. Johnson was in the employ of Mr. Shannon, 
in Northwestern Pottawatomie County. In the 
spring of 1856 he located on his present land, hav- 
ing at first ICO .acres. Mr. Shannon and our sub- 
ject were the first settlers in Blue ^'alle3■ Town- 
ship, and as the former is deceased, Mr. Johnson is 
the oldest living settler. It was, at the period of 
their settlement, a wild prairie, not a house to be 
seen as far as the eye could scan, only wild animals, 
such as deer, buffalo and smaller game. 

Soon after locating in Pottawatomie County, Mr. 
Johnson was joined by his brother N. P.. who took 
a claim three-fourths of a mile norlli, on which 
they built a log house, and resided in it for three 
years. In 1859 they purchased their land at the 
Government land sale, and at Government prices. 
During his earl3' residence here Mr. Johnson wit- 
nessed some exciting events, especially during the 
border ruftlan days, and during (Juantrell's raid on 
Lawrence, in 1861. In that year he joined the 
State militia, and for a time was on the plains in 
pursuit of the Indians, but had no active engage- 
ments. In 1873 he homesteaded a piece of land 
adjoining his farm that he could get possession of 
in no other way. It comprised sixty-three acres, 
and was a fine addition to his property. As before 
mentioned his landed possessions include 1.800 

acres, which he has purchased from time to time, 
paying therefor from $1.25 to $20 per acre, the 
most of it, however, costing from $8 to $10 an 
acre, and 700 acres lie on the Big Blue Bottom, 
famous for the fertility of its soil. 

Stock-r.aising also engages a considerable portion 
of Mr. Johnson's time and attention, and of it he 
has made a signal success, having some 300 head of 
stock. He is more particularly interested in rais- 
ing and selling graded Norman horses, and is a 
member and stockholder of the Blue ^'alley Stock 
Breeders' Association. The bank of Randolph 
owes its origin to Mr. Johnson, who started it pri- 
vately, and is now its President and principal 
stockholder. A fine bank building has .also been 
erected, and he owns lots and a residence in the 
same town. He is a stockholder in the First Na- 
tional Bank at Westmoreland. 

After a ha[)py wedded life of nearly thirty j'ears 
Mr. Johnson was bereft of his wife, who had ever 
been a faithful coniijanion, and devoted to the 
interests of her husband and her home. She also 
was a native of Linkoping, Sweden, where she was 
liorn Aiiril 28, 1842. Her maiden name was Emma 
C. Klang, her parents being Jonas P. and Louisa 
(Olson) Klang, also natives of Sweden. She was 
united in marriage with our subject in Blue \'alley 
Township, Pottawatomie County. Nov. 13. 1851), 
and passed to her last rest, Julv 5, 1888. when 
forty-six years old. 

Mr. Johnson was the first Justice of the Peace in 
Blue Valley- Township, and held the office for six 
years; he has held various other offices of trust 
and responsibility. In 1876-77 he was the County 
Commissioner of Pottawatomie County. In the 
fall of 1884 he was elected as Representative to the 
State Legislature, serving the two sessions of 
1885-86, taking an active part in the discussions, 
and serving on the Committee of Railroads, the 
Committee of Assessments and Taxations, and oth- 
ers. He has served in county and .State conven- 
tions, also on petit and grand juries. 

Mr. Johnson was one of the organizers of the 
Lutheran Church, of Mariadahl, and is a charter 
memlier of the s.Tme, contriljnting generously to the 
maintenance of the church, which, from a small be- 
ginning with a few members, has grown to a ttour- 



isliing congregation. He is also active in political 
affairs, and supports with his vote the Republican 
party. In every way he ranks high among the citi- 
zens of Pottawatomie County, who respect him for 
the many worthy traits of character which he has 
always displayeil, and at the same time admire his 
unusual business capabilities and successful finan- 
cial management. 

In connection with this biographical sketch ap- 
pears a lithographic portrait of Mr. .Tohnsoii. 

C^RVAN P. MONROE. This gentleman owns 
)) and occupies a fine farm in Whiting Town- 
l' ship, .Tackson C'ount3-, whicii is devoted en- 
tirely to the work of stock-raising, grain being 
raised only for family use and for feeding. The 
farm comprises 240 acres and bears marked im- 
provements, the residence being one of the finest 
in the county and one of the first two-story dwell- 
ings erected in liie township. The southwest quar- 
ter of section 29 was purchased for Mr. Monroe by 
his brother in the year 1869, and he had 100 acres 
of the laud broken, and in 1881 built, and took 
possession of his home here. The same year he 
purchased eighty' acres in the northeastern part of 
section 31. and now has over 200 acres of the whole 
estate under the plow and the balance under fence, 
and all cross fenced into convenient fields. The 
residence is a substantial building, 16x38 feet, and 
two stories high in the main, and a one story L, 
16x24 feet. The outbuildings are adequate and 
substantial, and among them is one of the most 
conijjlete buildings in the county for feeding bogs. 
One hundred apple trees,, pear and plum trees, and 
a great variety of small fruits, have been set out 
and yield of their fruits in tiieir season. Mr. Mon- 
roe has a fine flock of Cotswold sheep, which are 
paying well. In February, 1889, lie sold a car load 
at -ii9.48 per head. 

Mr. Monroe is a native of Ilillsboro. N. H., 
where his eyes first opened to the light July 26, 
1842. He remained in his native place until he 
was twenty-two years old, acquiring all the edu- 
cation which the schools afforded, and the thrifty 

ways and high moral principles which seem to be 
breathed in with the air of the Granite State. 
Ui)on leaving his native place, Mr. Monroe went to 
Griggsville. 111., and after a sojourn of about nine 
months, took up his abode twelve miles east of 
Alton, in Madison County, where he operated a 
laige farm in company with O. M. Hatch, Secre- 
tary of State, of Illinois. The bargain between the 
two men was made in a very few minutes, and the 
agreements then made were carried out daring the 
period of about eigiiteen years with not a scratch 
of a pen or an}- trouble in settling their affairs. 
The understanding was that Mr. Hatch to fur- 
nish the stock to which the 640 acres was mostly 
devoted, and that half of all the sales made from 
the place were to belong to Mr. Monroe. The 
pleasant connection between Messrs. Hatch & Mon- 
roe, was broken only bj' the removal of the latter 
to Kansas, and their friendship still remains undi- 

Returning to bis native State in February 1866, 
.Mr. Monroe was married on the I8th of that 
month to Miss Ruth Maria Nutter of Tuftonboro, 
N. H., a daughter of Jacob and Nancy (Young) 
Nutter. Our subject became acquainted with his 
future bride while she was attending school at the 
Conference Seminary- and Female College at Til- 
ton, N. II. Mrs. Monroe also attended the New- 
berry Seminary at Newberry, Vt. ; she is thus a lady 
of culture and has a good education. Going back 
four generations in the Nutter line, we find Chris- 
topher, who emigrated from England to the Colon- 
ies and settled in Massachusetts. Following him in 
the direct line came Samuel ami then Charles, who 
married the daughter of Tobias Lear, who was 
Aide-de-camp on Gen. Washington's staff during 
the Revolution. Charles Nutter removed to New 
Hampshire and settled in the place were Mrs. Mon- 
roe afterward born. His son Jacob married 
Nancy Young, daughter of Maj. Joseph Young, 
who served during the Revolution and who died in 
Wakefield. N. H. The Young family are of Scotch 
lineage and direct descendants from Queen Mary. 

Mr. and Mrs. Monroe are the parents of eight 
children: II. Willis now lives in Soldier Township, 
where he owns and operates a farm, he spent one 
term at Baker University at Baldwin. Douglas Co., 



Kan.; George Paj'son lives at home, he was also in 
attendance at the Baker University in Baldwin 
during a term; Florence Pearl, a j^oung lady at 
home, spent a full year in attendance at the same 
institution and is fitted for teaching; Emma Ruth- 
ena and Delia Miriam are attending school at their 
home; Royal Nutter and Julia Anna follow in the 
family line, and Ira .Tames Young, the baby, com- 
pletes the circle. 

Mr. Monroe is a i)ronounced Prohibitionist, but 
votes the Republican ticket, as he believes the Re- 
publican party is doing great service for the cause 
of temperance, lie joined the Masonic ordei- when 
twenty-two years old and is now a member of Lodge 
No. 250. at Whiting. The family are Methodists, 
Mr. Monroe having united with the church at the 
age of twenty years, and Mrs. Monroe at the age 
of fourteen. They carry out in their daily walk 
and conversation, the Christian virtues in whicli 
they believe, and assist as much as possible in good 
works, spending their lives in usefulness and a 
grateful appreciation of the blessings which they 

During the life of Mrs. Monroe's grandfather 
Young, the effects of Gov. Wentworth of New 
Hampshire.were confiscated and sold at auction, and 
Mr. Young got twelve plates, one of whicli is now 
owned and carefully preserved l)y Mrs. Monroe. 
She also has in her possession a tablecloth and 
towel that her mother made from fliix some fifty 
years ago; they are of a pretty lace pattern and 
beautifully made. 



— J- 

I ORTIMEK Z. .TONES. County Surveyor 
of .Jackson County, residing in Ilolton, is a 
fine representative of the sons of the brave, 
sterling, self-sacrificing pioneers of Kan- 
sas who laid the foundations of this noble Com- 
monwealth. His native ability, well-trained mind 
and excellent business habits amply qualify him 
for the ofHce whose duties he has discharged so sat- 
isfactorily that he has been twice re-elected to it 
since he accepted tlie position in 1885. 

June 22, 1850, was tlie date of the birth of our 
subject in the town of Rockport, Parke Co., Ind. 

Haj;lan Jones, bis father, was a native of Alabama, 
and a son of George Jones, who was also g. South- 
erner by birth. The grandfather of our subject 
removed from Alabama to Ohio about 1815, and 
was an early pioneer of Warren County, wliere he 
resided till 1850. In that year the old man went 
to Indiana to make his home with his children in 
his declining years, and his death occurred in 

The father of our subject learned the trades of a 
cooper and brick and stone mason. He removed 
to Indiana in 1850, and worked at the cooper's 
trade till 1855, when became to the Territory of 
Kansas, moving his family and iiousehold goods 
with ox-teams. He located in Leavenworth 
Count}', making his home on the tract of land 
where Oak Mills now stands. He early identified 
himself v'ith the resolute, fearless men who were 
fighting against slavery, and as an ardent Free- 
State man he was obnoxious to the people among 
whom he had settled, who were strongly pro-slaver}- 
in their sentiments, and he was forced to leave the 
territory, being driven out just previous to an 
election. He went to Missouri, and after living 
there three months, courageously ventured to re- 
turn to Kansas, and made a claim to some land 
near the present site of Winchester, in Jefferson 
County. That claim was soon jumped by border 
ruffians, and he was obliged to seek another loca- 
tion. He then boldly returned to Leavenworth 
County, where he bought a claim, only to be swin- 
dled out of it in the operation, and in tiie spring 
of 1857 he came to what is now Jackson County. 
There were no houses where Holton now 
stands, and the surrounding country was but 
very little settled. He took up a tract of Govern- 
ment land in Cedar Township, and built a log cab- 
in, in which he resided with his family till the fall 
of the year, when he went to Atchison County to 
secure work as a stone-mason, and he was thus em- 
ployed there till the fall of 1858, when he returned 
to his claim, whicli he had entered in the meantime. 
There were no railways here for some years there- 
after and no markets, and at times corn sold as low- 
as ten cents a bushel. Mr. Jones continued to 
carr}- on his trade, building up a large business. 
He erected some of the first brick and stone 



buildings in IloUon, anrl superintended tlie im- 
provement of liis farm, residing- on it till his death 
at the age of fift.y-six, April 12, 186'.). A v.ahied 
citizen was thus lost to his community, one whose 
genuine worth of character had commended him to 
the confi<lenee of liis fellow-men, and won him the 
respect of all with whom he associated. As a 
noble pioneer of Jackson County, his name is in- 
terwoven with its early historj', and will ever be 
held in honor as that of one who aided in its up- 
building. The maiden name of the mother of our 
subject was Ruth Hannah Zell, and she was born 
in Clarksburg, West Va. She still makes her lionio 
on the old homestead in C!edar Townshi]), and is 
held in high regard by all. wiio know her. She 
bore to her husband ten children, nine of whom 
are now living, as follow.*: Sarah, who married 
Walter Parmenter; .Joanna, who married Colum- 
bus C. Crane, and is now deceased ; Samuel; Mary, 
who married Robert Page; Rlioda; Narcissa, who 
lives at iiome with her mother; Alljert: Mortimer; 
Samantha, who married George Brasbridge; and 
L. Frank. 

Mortimer Jones was five years old when he ac- 
companied his parents to their new pioneer home 
on the wild prairies of Kansas. He attended the 
first schools that were taught in the territory, and 
by diligent study and much reading, became a fine 
scholar, and at the age of twent}- sought to utilize 
his education by teaching. As soon as large enough 
he had begun to assist his father on the farm, 
and gained a good, practical knowledge of agri- 
culture. After his marriage he purchased a farm 
joining the old homestead, and was industriously 
engaged in tilling the soil till 188o, when he was 
called to iiis present position as County Surveyor, 
to which he was re-elected in 1887, and again in 
1889, and when he assumed the duties of his office 
he came to Holton to make his headquarters in this 
city, and has resided here ever since. 

Mr. Jones has established a pleasant home, and 
to the wife who adds to its pleasantness by looking 
carefidly after the comfort and happiness of its in- 
mates, he was united in inarri.age in 1879. Mrs. 
Jones's maiden name was Maggie McClure, and 
she was born in Ireland, near Londonderrj', com- 
ing of an honorable family, her parents, Thomas 

and Isabella McClure, both natives of County Derry, 
being descendants Of those sterling Scotch people 
of the Presbyterian f,<iith, who colonized the North 
of Ireland. Mr. and Mrs. Jones have three chil- 
dren living — Malu'l. Agnes and Nellie. 

Mr. Jones is held in high personal consideration, 
as he is in every sense a true, manly man, whose 
habits and conduct in life are above reproach. 
While a resident of Cedar Township he took an 
important part in the administration of its govern- 
ment, and was Township Trustee for three years, 
served as Township Clerk, and in 1880 was Census 
Enumerator of that township. He and his w-ife 
arc members of the Jlethodist Episcopal Church, 
and are ever found among the foremost in deeds 
of charit}-, acts of kindness, and in all good 
works. He was formerly a teacher in the Sund.'iy- 
school connected wiUi his church, and Superintend- 
ent thereof. He cast his first Presidential vote for 
Gen. Grant, and has stood with the Republicans in 
politics ever since he attained his m.ajority. 

INLRY M. SMITH. For the past nine 
; years, Mr. Smith, who was formerly one of 
the leading farmers of Jackson County, has 
been a resident of Garrison, and is familiarly known 
to a large portion of its people. He is a native of 
Morrow County, Ohio, and was born Feb. 11, 1836. 
His father, AVilliam Smith, was a native of Berks 
County, Pa., and was born Sept. 4, 1809. The latter, 
when a mere lad, became a resident of Ohio, and in 
1842, having become the father of a familv, re- 
moved to Morrow County, that State, and there 
spent the remainder of his days, passing aw.ay on 
the 12th of August, 1883. He was a farmer b}' oc- 
cupation, fairly well-to-do, and in politics a mem- 
ber of the Republican party. 

The paternal grandfather of our subject, was Ne- 
hemiah Smith, a native of Scotland, who crossed 
the Atlantic at an early da}-, and located in Penn- 
sylvania. Subsequently he removed to Morrow 
County, Ohio, where he prosecuted farming suc- 
cessfulh', and died at an advanced age. William 
Smith was married in early manhood, to MissEiiza- 
bolh Speck, a native of Guernsey County, Ohio, 



and born Oct. 8, 1813. Her parents were Augustus 
and Elizabeth Speck, the former of whom was a 
miller by trade, and spent his last }-ears in Guern- 
sey County, d3'ing when quite aged. Mrs. Speck is 
still living and makes her home in Morrow County, 
Ohio. She is a lady of many estimable qualities, 
and a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
To her and her husband there was born a family 
of twelve children, three of whom are deceased, 
namely: Sarah, who died when two jears old; 
Thomas, who died at the age of ten j^ears, and Au- 
gustus, who departed this life when a promising 
young man aged twenty-one }-ears and eight days. 
The survivors are Cynthia, Finley M., Mary F., 
Julia A., John, Leander, Clifford, Belle, and Olive. 

The subject of this sketch was the third child of 
his parents, and spent the years of his boyhood and 
youth in INIorrow County, Ohio. He was reared 
amid the quiet scences of the country, his life pass- 
ing in a comparatively uneventful manner, until the 
outbreak of the Civil AVar. In July, 1861, he en- 
listed as a Union soldier in Company M, 3d Ohio 
Cavahy. which was assigned to AVood's Division 
in the 4th Army Corps. He was mustered into 
service at Monroeville, Huron County, and his regi- 
ment was soon sent to the front, where he partici- 
pated in the battle of Pittsburg Landing. Shortly 
afterward he was taken ill and sent home on a 
thirty-days' furlough. His furlough extended an- 
other thirty daj's, and his army life came to a close 
July 3, 1862, when he received his honorable dis- 
charge at Camp Chase. lu the meantime he had 
been promoted to Corporal. 

Upon retiring from the army, Mr. Smith returned 
to his native county, sojourning there until the 
spring of 1866. Tlien, coming to Kansas, he lo- 
cated in America City, remaining there until 1868. 
We next tind him in Jackson County, where he 
homesteaded land and lived upon it until 1880. 
That year he sold out, and purchased property in 
Garrison, of which he has since been a resident. He 
belongs to the G. A, R.. also the' K. of P. Xo. 1'), 
at llolton, in which he is a charter member. 

Christmas Day, 1856, was happily celebrated by 
Mr. Smith, by his marriage with Miss Permelia Sut- 
ton, Mt the bride's home in Ohio. Mrs. Smith, was 
born Feb. 26. 1835. in Washington County, Pa,, j 

and is the daughter of John and Permelia Sutton, 
who were likewise natives of the Keystone State. 
Mr. Sutton departed this life about 1872. The 
mother died in Morrow County, Ohio, about 1850. 
To Mr. and Mrs. .Smith there have been born six 
ciiildren, the eldest of whom, a son, Francis M.. is 
a carpenter and farmer combined, and makes his 
home in Washington County, Idaho; Isaac R. is a 
hardware merchant in the same county; Clara L. 
and Nettie B.. are at home with their parents. One 
child died in infancy unn,imed, and Charles resides 
with his parents. 

1 UWIX M. RANDALL, Sk. No 6uer specimen 
l^ of a farmer can well be found than the 
^ above-named gentleman, and he is not only 

a model agriculturist but a self-made man, having 
begun life for himself at the early age of ten 
years, with only his native talents and the educa- 
tion which it was possible to obtain in the common 
schools in the '30's, as the capital from which his 
varied intelligence and fine property have been de- 
rived, lie has exhibited a most deciiled ability 
in business management, and a determined perse- 
verance, and notwithstanding the temptations by 
which he has been surrounded, has liuilt up a fine 
moral character. 

Our subject is descended from a fine English 
stock in the paternal line, and the blood of tal- 
ented and patriotic ancestors in both lines of de- 
scent has not deteriorated sinre his progenitors 
fulfilled their duties as citizens and soldiers a 
century ago. Nehemiah K:uidall, the great grand- 
father of our subject, was a brother of the grcat- 
grandfatlior of Samuel J. Randall, of Pennsylvania, 
whose talenti are so well known in our day. He 
came to America from England just before the 
French and Indian War, and took part in that con- 
test under Gen. Braddock, receiving a death wound 
in the battle of Ft. DuQuesne. His son, (jershom. 
was born in M.assachusetts, and owned a farm 
where the city of Northampton now stands. He 
was a soldier in the War of 1812. The next in 
direct line was another Nehemiah, who was born 
in Massachusetts in 178-1, and who made farming 



his occupation in life. In Vermont, in 1810, be married to Miss Sarah St. Clair, a native of 
New Hampshire, and the couple made their home 
in the Green Mountain State until 1827, when they 
removed to Orleans Count}', N. Y., and resided 
there during the succeeding twenty years. The\' 
removed to Ohio, and in AVellington, T^oraine 
County, Neliemiah Randall died, in 1848. Tiie 
same year the widow returned to New Yorlv, and 
a few months later removed to Will County, 111., 
where she died, in 1852. To this couple seven 
children were born, four of whom are now living, 
our subject being the youngest member of the 

The maternal grandfatlier of our subject was 
James St. Clair, of New Hami)shire. One day, 
when about nineteen 3'ears of age, he was plowing 
in a field, when some men with arms in their 
hands passed him on their way toward Boston. He 
inquired their mission, and they replied that they 
were going to figiit the English. He at once said: 
'•Wail until I unyoke my cattle, and I will go with 
you." Hastily disencumbering the oxen of their 
yoke, and leaving the plow in the furrow, the 
young man accompanied the others, and as he had 
no gun, the commander of the party told him to 
wait a fevv moments at Lexington while he pro- 
cured one for him. This was in the month of 
April, 1775, ami while waiting for the arms which 
were promised him. tiie battle opened, and at the first 
fire eight men were killed near where 3'oung St. 
Clair was standing. Snatching a gun from one of 
tlie fallen Colonists, he entered at once into the 
contest, and continued to battle for his country 
during the seven years of the Revolutionary strug- 
gle, among other trying experiences being those of 
the terrible winter at Valley Forge. ' 

The descendant of such ancestors might well be 
expected to prove more than a drone, and one is 
not disappointed in following the history of the 
gentleman whose name initiates this sketch. His 
birth took place in Orleans Count}-, N. Y., July 
18, 1830, and after obtaining such schooling as 
was [)ossible prior to his tenth j'ear, he Ijegan 
•working on a farm. When sixteen j'ears old. he 
left his native State, and s|)ent two years in Ohio, 
following this by a thirty years' residence in Win- 

nebago County, Wis. His settlement at his pres- 
ent place of abode was made Feb. 19, 1878, since 
which time he has been a continuous resident in 
Waraego Township, Pottawatomie Countj\ Four 
hundred .acres of land on section 11, all improved 
and in a body, comprise the estate of .Mr. Randall, 
and all the improvements are due to himself. All 
necessary farm buildings are to be seen, and all are 
sufficiently large for the purposes to which they are 
devoted, and are well designed, conveni-^ntly dis- 
posed, and substantiall}- constructed. Mr. Randall 
is much interested in stock-raising, and keeps ex- 
cellent breeds. He has twenty-two fine Percheron 
horses on the place, which are his personal property, 
and the imported stiUion, "A'ulcan," which cost 
12,500, and is owned by a stock company. His 
Poland-China hogs are as fine as an}- in the State, 
and the drove at this writing comprises seventy 
head. Forty-three head of graded Short-horn 
cattle are also to be seen on the place. The resi- 
dence of Mr. R.andall is not only well built and of 
pleasing architectural design, but is well furnished, 
containing, among other means of cidture and en- 
joyment, one of the finest libraries in the county. It 
consists of a large and well-selected list of miscel- 
laneous volumes, among them being a fine edition 
of Bancroft's History of" the United States, and 
many other historical works. 

The marriage of Mr. Randall took place on the 
16th of March, 1856, and the lady whom he chose 
as his bride was Miss Lucretia C. Steele, who 
was born Feb. I), 1833, in the Old Bay State. She 
is the third of eight children born to Elijah and 
Emily (Ward ) Steele, who were also natives of 
Massachusetts. Her father was a farmer, and was 
a participant in the War of 1812. He was gathered 
to his fathers in December, 1860. His widow still 
survives, and has reached the advanced age of 
eighty-five years. .Mrs. Randall received a good 
education, and taught school in New York State. 
To herself and husljand four children have been 
born. Ida A. is the wife of Frank F. Wood, and 
their home is with our subject. Lillian C. married 
Elmer B. Green, and they reside in Louisville, 
Edwin M., Jr., married Miss Jennie Sweet; he is a 
minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and 
located at Osage City, Kan. Frank W. is a youth 



in his sixteenth year, and is attending the High 
School in Warnego, going thence to and from liis 
paternal home. He is a promising _voutb, and is 
one of the best historians for his years in tlie 

Mr. Randall was Township Supervisor for a 
numl^er of j-ears while living in Wisconsin. He is 
deeply interested in educational affairs, and has 
always been a meuiiier of the School Board. He 
is now serving as School Treasurer of District No. 
79. He takes an active interest in politics, and has 
always been identified with thr Democratic party. 
He is a temperance man. and favors prohibition. 
He affiliates with the Masonic order, and is a mem- 
ber of the Blue Lodge, in Wamego, and of Berlin 
Commandery, No. 18. Green Lake County, AYis. 
He served as Roj'al Arch Cai)tain in the Chapter 
of Wisconsin. ^Ir. Randall and his entire family 
belong to the Methodist Episcopal Church. He is 
Steward in the organization, and has been Class- 
Leader for several years. His sonin-law, F. F. 
Wood, is Superintendent of the Wamego Methodist 
Episcopal Sunday-school, and Mrs. Wood teaches 
a class in the same. The family are regarded with 
an esteem which is bestowed u]ion few, and exert 
a wide influence for good in the realms of mental 
and spiritual culture. 

. ,.g^J# 


■^I OIIN V. ROWLES. Pottawatomie County 
\ has been the home of this gentleman from 
bis scventpentb year, when he accompanied 
ills parents to this State, from Columbiana 
County, Ohio, wbicli was the place of nativity of 
botli himself and them. The father, Eli M. Rowles, 
is still living in this county, and is engaged in 
farming and stock-raising. He is a member of the 
Baptist Church, and belongs to the Repuhlican 
party. He is the son of John Rowles. one of the 
first settlers in Columbiana County, Ohio. The 
mother of our subject died at an advanced age in 
the Sunflower State. She was christened Sarah, and 
her parents were Joiin and Elizabeth Young, her 
f:ilher a native of Germany, who in his early life 
em grated to America. His occupation was that of 
a feirmcr. and he was a soldier during the War of 

1812. He died in Ohio at the age of seventy-two 
years. Our subject is the first born in a family of 
five children, his lirotbers and sisters being named, 
Florence, Frank E., Harry A. and Laura A., and 
ail being still alive. 

John Y. Rowles was born March 20, 1853, and 
was educated in Columbiana County, Oliio, and 
reared on a farm. After having accompanied 
his parents to this State he was engaged in farm 
pursuits until 1883. when he began a mercantile 
business in Laclede, which he is still carrying on 
and in the conduct of which be exhibits a prudence 
and wise judgment which does him credit. His 
pleasant and affable manners are appreciated by bis 
customers, who find him strictly honorable and 
upright in all his dealings. 

The most important step in the life of our sub- 
ject was taken Dec. 2. 1878, when be was united in 
marriage with Miss Mary J. Wade. The 30ung 
and charming bride was born in Kentuckv, Dec. 10, 
18G0, and is a daughter of James and Americas 
Wade,wlio were also natives of the Blue Grass State. 
The}' came to Kansas about the jear 1871 and lo- 
cated in this county, where they still live. Mr. 
Wade is a minister of the Baptist Church. To Mr. 
and !Mrs. Rowles four children have been born; 
Elmer W.. Berlba and Leslie are still living. Clar- 
ence E., the second born, died at the age of two 
years and one day. 

Mr. Rowles is a sturdj- Republican and exerts all 
bis influence for the party of bis choice. He has 
been Clerk of Center Township for two terms and 
proved a trust worth}- and efficient officer. 

EOUGE II. MACKAY is a man of enviable 
ability, of deep and varied intelligence, and 
of high culture, and is r, worthy descend- 
ant of an honored and honorable family. He is 
engaged in the practice of the Itgal profession in 
St. Mar3'"s, and is a member of the law firm of 
Mackay & Hagen. Among the members of the legal 
profession he holds a high rank for his thorough 
understanding of law and equit}-, and for his wise 
discrimination and keen observation regarding 
points at issue, He has served in several public 



offices, some of them of more than local import- 
ance, and has filled every office with pronounced 

The paternal grandfather of our subject was 
P^neas Mackay, who was born in Scotland and wlio 
served in the British army as a Captain of Infantry. 
He took pait in the battle of Bunker Hill, immedi- 
ately after which he resigned his position in the 
British army, being convinced of the righteousness 
of the cause of the Continentals, and located in 
Boston, where he married Miss Mary Hawley, a na- 
tive of the Old Bay State. During the Revolu- 
tionary struggle he was offered a position upon Gen. 
Washington's staff by the General himself, but re- 
fused on the ground tliat he ha<l served under the 
Queen of England up to tiie time of that struggle. 
Soon after his marriage he removed to New York, 
where he remained until his death, teaching school 
for many 3'cars, and educating his three sons in all 
the dead languages. 

Hay S. Macka}-, son of the above named, and 
father of our subject, was born in New York City, 
and was reared and educated in that city, wiiere he 
])racticed law for more tlian sixty years. He was 
a msn of high and varied mental attainments and 
an eminent juror. He married Miss Clarissa ]M.. 
eldest daughter of Dr. George Rogers, of North- 
hampton, Mass., who for many years practiced 
'medicine in New York City, and spent his last 
da3's in Brooklyn. Mr. Maek.ay died in the spring 
of 1872, at the age of eighty-four years, his death 
being the result of an injury received two years 
previous. His widow departed this life in the fall 
of the same year, the family, which included twelve 
children, having been unbroken until the death of 
the father. Three only of the family are now 

George H. Mackay, of whom we write, was reared 
and educated in his native citj-, New York, where his 
birth took place April 8, 1836. Having obtained a 
fine education in other brandies, lie took up the studj' 
of law and was admitted to the bar in 1863, prac- 
ticing in New York until the Centennial year, when 
he removed to AVinona, Minn., where he continued 
the practice of his profession until the spring of 
1881. when on account of ill health he returned to i 
his native State, and in the cai)ital made his abode 

for about a year. He then, by the advice of his 
physician, came to this State, and was admitted lo 
the bar in Sliawnee County in April, the month of 
his arrival, entering the legal office of •!. B. John- 
son, of ToiJcka. In the fall he came to this city 
and formed a partnership with Horace H. Hagen, 
a connection which still continues. 

At the home of the bride's father, William .lack- 
son, a dry-goods merchant in New York Cit}', the 
rites of wedlock were celebrated Feb. 16, 1869, be- 
tween Mr. Mackay and Miss Mary A. Jackson. 
The groom was bereft of his companion October 
6, of the s.ame 3ear. and about three years later, on 
the 22d of November. 1872. lie married Miss Kate 
M., daughter of the Hon. Henry Smith, at that time 
Speaker of the Legislature of New York. With 
this lady Jlr. Mackay lived until 1882, when a 
separation took place, and the couple were divorced 
three years later. 

Mr. Mackay was the attorney for the Board of 
Coroners for New York from 1861 to 18G8, and 
from 1868 to 1871 was I'nited Sl.ates Internal 
Revenue Assessor. In 1872 he became a member 
of the New York Legislature, remaining in that 
body four j'cars. He also served as a member of 
the Common Council, and of the Sciiool Board of 
New Y'ork City. While in Winona, Minn., he was 
local Judge from 1878 to 1880. 

B. SMYTH, M. D., is not only a skillful 
and successful physician, but he is a com- 
jlj LB petent business man, and is classed among 
the i^roininent financiers of Jackson County. 
His office and home are in Holton, where he is 
very pleasantly situated and enjoys the respect and 
confidence of a wide circle of friends and ac- 
quaintances. Ross Township, Jefferson Co., Ohio, 
is the place of his birth, and Oct. 28. 1844 the 
date of that event. His father, William Smyth, 
was born in Westmoreland Count3% Pa., a son of 
one William Sm3-th, a native of Ireland, who came 
to America with his wife and five children, and 
first located in W'estmoreland County. He subse- 
quentl3' removed to Jefferson County. Ohio, and 
there spent the remainder nf his life. He was- a 



weaver by trade, and also carried on agrieulUiral 
pursuits, improving a good farm. 

The fatlier of our subject was but a boy when 
his parents removed from his native State to Ohio, 
and there he was reared to a vigorous, self reliant 
manhood in their pioneer home. He was a natural 
mechanic, and he built a woolen mill on Town 
Fork of Yellow Creek, and for some years was 
successfully engaged in the manufacture of cloth. 
He afterward converted his factory into a grist- 
mill, which he operated some time. In 1851 he 
sold his property there and took up his residence 
in Ashland County, where he bought a farm, and 
gave his attention to cultivating the soil in that 
place until his removal to Carroll County, whence 
he came to Kansas in 1870 to make liis home in 
Holton. For a short time after his arrival he was 
ensao^ed in the grocery business with his son-in- 
law, N. L. Mcttrew. He then retired from active 
life, and spent his remaining years free fiom care 
and in the enjoyment of an ample income, which 
he had secured by unceasing industry and sagacious 
management of his affairs. His death occurred in 
this city in tiie i)leasant home that he had provided 
for himself and family Aug. 11, 1889. His amiable 
wife had preceded him in death, dying .Ian. 22. 
1876. Her maiden name was Mary Storey, and 
she was born in Westmoreland County, Pa. Her 
father, John Storey, wns a native of Pennsylvania, 
and was a pioneer of .Jefferson County, Oiiio, 
where he improved a farm, and passed his remain- 
ing days. The maiden name of his wife was Sarah 
George. The following are the names of the six 
children born to the parents of our subject: Sarah, 
wife of N. L. McGrew; Alice Anna, wife of Harlan 
McGrew; Marcus M.; .lolin H.; William A.; M. B. 

The latter, of whom we write, was five years old 
when his parents moved to Ashland County, where 
his boyhood was passed in laying the solid founda- 
tion of a liberal education iu the district school. 
At the early age of sixteen he commenced teaching, 
and afterward further advanced his education by 
attend,ince at the excellent acadera}- at Savannah, 
where he pursued a thorough course of study. He 
continued teaching in Ashland and Richland Coun- 
ties two years, and at the end of that time entered 
upon the study of medicint^ with Dr. C. H. Her- 

rick, of Mansfield, and subsequently attended lec- 
tures at the Homoepathic Hospital College in Cleve- 
land, from which institution he was graduated 
with honor in February, 1868. Ho opened an office 
in Leesville, where he built up a large practice, 
continuing there until 1871. In that year he left 
his native Ohio and came to Kansas, where, as he 
foresaw, intelligent men of his profession are in 
demand, and establishing himself in the .young and 
enterprising, and growing city of Holton, he has 
ever since been a successful praetitioneer here. He 
is well-grounded in medicine, and is a fine repre- 
sentative of the Iloraoepathists, being conceded 
to be one of the leading physicians of that school 
in Kansas, and his fame has brought him a large 
number of patients not only in Holton but far be- 
yond its limits. He possesses a clear, discriminating 
mind, and a great aptitude for business affairs, to 
which he devotes a part of his time, he having ex- 
tensive financial interests. He is one of tiie largest 
stockholders in the Holton Electric Light Company, 
and as its presi<lent he has materially assisted in 
placing it on a solid foundation, his name giving 
prestige and weight to the compan\'. In politics, 
the Doctor uses his' influence in favor of the He- 
publican party. Socially, he belongs to Holton 
Lodge, No. 34, I. O. O. F., and to Jackson Lodge, 
No. 1 764, K. of II. 

Dr. Smyth was verj' happilj' married in 1867. to 
Miss S. J. Mercer, a native of Ashland County, 
Ohio, and a daughter of Abner and Thankful 
(Crabbs) Mercer. She is an active worker in the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, of which she is an 
esteemed member. She possesses in a full measure 
the art of making home cheery and attractive, and 
cordially seconds her husband's genial hospitality. 
To them have been born four children, namely: 
L. D., Helscy E., Mary K. and Jay B. 




-JLLIAM ROSS FISHER, capitalist, en- 
gaged in the loan and brokerage business in 
W^' Holton, and a Director of the State Bank 
in this city, is an extensive dealer in horses and 
mules, holding public sabs in this and surrounding 
counties, ami he is i)rcnounced the best judge of a 



horse iu all Jackson County. He is well and favora- 
bly known in business and financial circles through- 
out Kansas, and even beyond the borders of the 
State. He is a veteran of the late war, though 
wlien he enlisted he was just seventeen years old, 
but notwithstanding his youth he fought bravely 
in many important battles, and proved himself to 
])Ossess true soldierly qualities. 

Blr. Fisher was born Jan. 23, 1847, Arrington, 
Morgan Co., Ohio, being his birthplace. Cyrus P. 
Fisher, his father, was born in Harrison County, 
Ohio, a son of one of tiie pioneers of that county, 
who was a native of Pennsylvania, and was of Ger- 
man antecedents. He served in the Mexican War, 
and was quite a prominent man in Harrison County, 
serving as Justice of the Peace some years, and 
there his death occurred. 

The father of our subject was bred in the county 
of his nativity, and early learned the trade of a 
machinist, which he followed some years, lie is a 
man of versatile genius and invented and patented 
a metliod of retarding the bloom of frtiit trees, and 
thus earned the title of King of Frost. lie has 
lately invented an improved churn, whicli is likely 
to be of monetary value to hiin when it is thrown 
on the market. He was married in Carroll County, 
in the town of Leesville, to JNIiss Temperance 
Crooks, a native of Ohio, and a daughter of Will- 
iam Crooks, vvho was born in Ireland, and emigrat- 
ing to this country became a pioneer of Carroll 
Count}'. Ohio. Mr. Fisher settled in Morgan 
County after his marriage, and there built the New 
Eagle foundry at McConnellsville, and carried on 
the manufacture of sorghum-mill machinery and 
threshing machines for some years. In 18G0 he 
removed to Carroll County and devoted his time 
to farming on his father-in-law's farm, which he 
bought at a later date, and made his residence tiiere 
until 1889, when he came to llolton to live with 
his son. our suliject. Though he lias passed the 
milestone that marks the seventy-fourth year of a 
bus.v and honorable life, he is still hale and healthy, 
sound in mind and liody. and his inventive talent 
has not become rusted by age. but he still interests 
himself in making ingenious contrivances. In 1881 
his life was saddened by the death of his amiable 
wife, who had lieen for many years a true help- 

mate and companion. Four children were born of 
their marriage, three of whom are now living — 
William R.; Joseph, in Pittsburg, Pa.; Am.anda P., 
the wife of Theodore Wingett, of Washington, Pa., 
now living in the Indian Territory. 

In his native State William Fisher grew to an 
active, manlj', self-reliant manhood. Remaining 
with his parents until 18();3, in that year he entered 
upon a mercantile life as clerk in a general store in 
Leesville, Ohio, at a salary of $13 a month for one 
j-ear, Amos Carr being his employer. In January, 
1864, his military career began, as he then enlisted 
in Company D, 80th Ohio Infantrj-, for a term of 
three j'ears or until the war should be brought to 
a close. His regiment was ordered to Mcksburg, 
and thence to Huntsville, Ala., where he and his 
comrades guarded the railway during the summer. 
He then went with Gen. Sherman on his famous 
campaign to Atlanta, and took i)art in many of 
the important battles fought on the way, and after 
the battle of Peachtree Creek returned with his 
i-egiment to Resaca and did garrison duty until fall, 
and then started wit,h Sherman's command on the 
march to the sea, and from Savannah went with the 
wagon train to Goldsboro as guard. Mr. Fisher 
was there injured and was laid off for a short 
time and, then, detailed to care for the cattle, went 
with the command to Wasiiington, antl there took 
part in the grand review, and in the parade he rode 
a steer that had been with the army from Nash- 
ville. After that he w-as sent to Little Rock, Ark., 
and being unable to do any heavy duty he was de- 
tailed to care for the Colonel's horses. He was dis- 
charged with his regiment in August, 1865, and 
returning home started in the livery business in a 
small way in Leesville. That led to his dealing in 
horses and mules, and also in sheep and hogs, and 
he continued his dealings in live stock and resided 
there until 1871. He then came to Holton and es- 
tablished himself in the livery business, but at 
the end of a year and a half he returned to Lees- 
ville and conducted the livery business in that city 
the ensuing seven years. In 187'J he once more 
took up his residence in Holton, and has lived there 
continuously since. For seven years he had a livery 
establishment here, and. then, selling it. he com- 
menced Ijuj'ing and shipping horses and nudes, and 



lias held many public sales in this and surrounding 
counties, and is doing a large and profitable- busi- 
ness in that line, besides doing an extensive loan 
and brokerage business. 

The marriage of Mr. Fisher with Miss Mary A. 
McGrew was consumated May 1, 1860, and they 
liave two cliildren living — Bert C. and Ivan L. 
Bert is engaged in the liver}' business, and Ivau is 
interested in breeding and training fast horses, and 
is the owner of ".Scott Willvcs,'" the noted swift 

Endowed by nature witii an indomitable will and 
great decision of character, large forethougiit and 
sagacious judgment, our subject has built up a 
handsome fortune b}' the e.xercise of tiiose gifts, 
and while doing so has been no unimportant factor 
in bringing about the financial prosperity of this 
city and county. Personal!}-, he is ijopular and well 
liked, winning to himself man}- fast friends bj- liis 
pleasant social qualities and true manliness of char- 
acter. He is a member of the A. F. (k A. M.. Holton 
Lodge, No. 46; and the memory of his army daj-s 
is i-reserved by his connection with the G. A. R., 
which he joined in Ohio; heisalsoa member of the 
L O. O. F. at Holton. Kan. 





;.ILLIAM A. BLOSSOM, a prominent far- 

* mer and stock-raiser of Franklin Township. 
Jackson County, resides on section 35, 
where he has a good farm of 282 acres of excellent 
land, comfortable, well-finished buildings, and a 
handsome residence. His birth took place on his 
father's farm in Pittsfield, Rutland Co., Yt., July 
21, 1834, and he grew to manhood on the home 
acres, learning many lessons of practical value, be- 
sides those taught in the little red school-house, 
where, sometimes a master, and other times a ma'am, 
instilled the rudiments of the '-three R's" into the 
craniums of the tow-headed farmer boys. 

When our subject became of age, he concluded 
to tr}' city life, so he packed up his belongings 
and traveled to Boston, where he secured work in 
a hardware store, and remained some time in the 
capacity of clerk, then returned to his home in Ver- 
mont. In 1856 he turned his face toward the set- 

ting sun, and bidding farewell to the picturesque 
Green Mountain State, took up his abiding place in 
the fertile meadow-lands of Cass County. Iowa. 
There he obtained work by the month of a farmer, 
and remained in that State until the fall of the 
same year, when he went to what is now Jackson 
County, but was then Calhoun County, and took uf 
a claim on Cedar Creek, in what is now Cedar 
Creek Township. That claim he sold in the fall of 
1857, and then took up one on section 35, which 
he has retained to the present time, and on which 
he now lives. His land lies partly in Franklin and 
partly in Cedar Township. Since becoming a resi- 
dent of Kansas, he has given his attention to farm- 
ing and stock-raising, except about three years, 
wlien he was fighting his country's battles in the 
Civil War. 

The summer of 1862 was a gloomj- one for the 
friends of the Union, although the vouth and man- 
liood of the Xoi'th had liastened to respond to the 
cr}' of danger which resounded through the hills 
and valleys of the New England States, and rolled 
in ever-incre.asing volume over the prairies of the 
AVest. until it reached the golden shores of the far 
California, and echoed among the snow-capped 
mountains, at whose feet rolls the famed Oregon. 
}-et the flag of treason floateil proudly to the breeze 
and tauntingly waved its ominous folds at the very 
gates, so to speak, of the Capital itself. Our sub- 
ject was not one to shirk hit duty, so when the call 
for more defenders was flashed from the citadel of 
the sorely pressed Government, he eagerly re- 
sponded, "here am I, send me." He enlisted Aug. 
22, 1862, in Compan}- B, 11th Kansas Infantr}-, 
which was soon afterward changed to a cavalry 
regiment, and served to the close of the war. Dur- 
ing the march on the ".Shelb}' raid," he was injured 
bj' tlie kick of a horse. His left leg was found to be 
fractured, and he was incapacitated for service for 
a considerable time. Upon his recover}- he rejoined 
his command, and strove bj' bis valor to revive the 
drooping courage of all loyal hearts. He was mus- 
tered out of service at Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., and 
at once returned to his farming operations at home. 

Mr. Blossom was married to Miss Sallie E. Fogle, 
Jan. 4, 1864, in Kansas City, Mo. She was born 
in Marion Count}-, Ky., on Dec. 16, 1844, and is a 





lady of superio'' intelligence, and cliarraing- domes- 
tic accomiilislnnents. Tbe union has resulted in 
the birth of eight children, of whom five are liv- 
ing. They are named respectively ; William A. ; 
Czarina, Laura M., Freddie O., Maud A.; and 
those deceased, are: Charles O., Robert S., Delia 
M. Czarina is the wife of Augustus Fink, and 
resides in Jackson County. They are an estimable 
family, who occupj- a high place in the esteem of 
the community in which they live. Mr. Blossom 
is a member of Will Mendell Post, X0.-I6, G. A. R. 
Politically, he adheres to the principles of the Re- 
publican party. Mr. and Mrs. Blossom are members 
respectively of the Congregational and Methodist 

The parents of our subject were William R. and 
Czarina (Cole) Blossom. The former a native of 
Pittsfield, Mass., and the latter probably of Ver- 
mont. They were married in Pittsfield, Vt., and 
resided in that place during life. The minister who 
performed the ceremony that united their destinies, 
was the Rev. Mr. Parsons. The parents of Mrs. Will- 
iam A. Blossom were .Joseph B. and Eliza (Riney) 
Fogle, who were natives of Pennsylvania and Vir- 
ginia, respectively. After marriage they settled in 
Marion County, Ky., but subsequently removed to 
Missouri, where they passed the remainder of 
their lives in Independence. In the summer of 
1860, Mr. Blossom crossed the plains to Denver, 
Colo., where he spent a few months, and then re- 
turned to Jackson Countj'. Mr. and Mrs. Blossom 
are thoroughly American in their views and feel- 
ings, and have good reason to rejoice in their stain- 
less ancestry, and covet no man's "noble" lineage, 
since there is no higher nobility than that of good 





l! which incluc 

OHN GIBBONS. A volume of this kind 
ides biographies of residents of 

J Jackson Count}', would be incomplete 
without a sketch of the above named gen- 
tleman, whose home is in Netawaka, where he owns 
much valuable property and where he is well and 
favorablv known. He is now retired from .nctive 

business life, but the older citizens of the place are 
well acquainted with his manly character, good 
citizenship, anil thorough work at his trade. He is 
a native of Taunton, Somersetshire. Pinglaud, 
where he was born Aug. 6, 1822. He never had 
any schooling except once in a while going to Sun- 
day-school, and his attendance there ceased when 
the teacher whipped him without sufficient cause. 
He was talking with his brother Boli, when the 
master, who was somewhat out of hnmor, came 
along and struck him over the back with a rattan. 
The lad told his brother he " didn't feel it " but 
the injustice which he did feel prevented his 
further attendance at the school. 

Mr. Gibbons was a lad of nine years when he 
began to learn the trade of a blacksmith,' and at 
the age of twent^'-three he went to the city of 
London, where he spent several years laboring at 
his chosen employment. He then went to Ports- 
mouth in the government emplo}' as " Blueksmith 
to the Queen." While in that city in 18.50 he was 
married, and a short time afterward came with his 
wife to America, landing in Boston, but soon mov- 
ing to Taunton, Mass., where he was employed in 
the Taunton Locomotive Works. While there he 
helped to build the first locomotive tliat was 
brought across the Mississippi River, and which is 
now preserved by the Missouri Pacific Railroad 
Company in their yards in St. Louis. 

After the breaking out of the Civil War, Mr, 
Gibbons was employed by the Bridgcwater Iron 
Works Company, who were heavy contractors for 
the Government. About the first work he did for 
them was to make the stern and stem posts and 
some of the turret work of the original" Monitor" 
which was invented by Erickson, and which won 
the victory over the Rebel ram, " IMerrimac." A 
curious incident occurred in connection with the 
latter boat. IMr. (iibbons happened to be present 
at her launching several years before the war, and 
had helped to work over the old iron of which she 
wa.s made. He also made the posts for the '■ Dicta- 
tor " and "Puritan," built by John Roach. The 
stem posts of these vessels took a bar of iron .5x11 
inches and thirty-seven feet long. Our subject 
continued engaged on Monitor work until after the 
war was over, when for several years he worked on 



the large Panama steamers of tbe Vanderbilt line, 
assisting in the conslructioii of nine of tliera. He 
also helped in making the gun that Erickson in- 
vented for the Government. 

The eldest son of our subject was suffering from 
that ilread disease — consumption — and for the ben- 
efit of his health, in llie year 1868. the familj' 
moved to Kansas. Mr. Gibbons let a contract for 
the building of a house in Netawaka, which was 
the fourth erected in tlie village and was put up in 
less than twelve months after the first one had been 
raised. The change of climate proved ineffectual 
in saving tlie life of the son. .Tohn, who was re- 
moved from the sorrowing famil)' circle in 1869. 

Mr. Gibbons, immediately upon coming to 
Netawaka, began to work at his trade of black- 
smithing, and continued it for many years. In 
1869 he bought a farm on section 15 adjoining the 
town plat, and his sons carried it on while he con- 
tinued to work at his trade. In 1877, he made a 
contract with the Government agent and became 
blacksmith for the Kickapoo Indians. Purchasing 
140 acres of laud, a large share of which was under 
cultivation, he built a good house, set out over 400 
apple trees, and with his family resided on the 
estate for eleven years. In 1884, he sold out and 
moved to town, where he owns three business houses 
and ten lots, tbe harness shop which his son Charles 
carries on, and his own shop and residence. As 
has been already stated, Mr. Gibbons is now retired 
from active business life, having his shop open only 
for the repairing of pumps. 

The lady whom Mr. Gibbons brought to Amer- 
ica with him as his wife, bore the maiden name of 
Maria Hibbs, and their marriage took place in the 
Kingston Church in Portsmouth, an edifice that is 
noted in the history of England. Mrs. Gibbons 
was a daughter of John Hib!)S, of Langton, Dor- 
chestershire, who came to America the same }"ear. 
Siie bore her husband four children, three of whom 
now survive. Maria is the wife of Thomas Ber- 
ridge, an Englisliman, who is now engaged in mer- 
cantile pursuits in Goff, this State; their family' 
comprises six children. Frank is engaged in farm- 
ing near Netawaka; he married Miss Libby. daughter 
of Dr. Paddock. James is a commission merchant 
of Kansas City, is married and has two children. 

Mrs. Maria Gibbons departed this life in Boston in 
tlie year 1856. 

The second wife of our subject, with whom he 
was united in 1857, was Mrs. Mary Ann Simpson, 
a widow with one son. Stephen, who now lives in 
the West. Her union with Mr. Gibbons has resulted 
in the birth of six children. Fostina, a young lady, 
now lives at St. Joseph. Mo.; Fannie is the wife of 
Henry Bibb, formerly of Netawaka and now of 
St. Joseph, and is the mother of four children; 
Mary Ann married Edward A. Meade, of Libertj- 
Townsiiip. this county, where he owns and operates 
a farm, they have three children ; Ezra is unmarried 
and is now living in the Black Hills, S. Dak.; Cliarles 
is unmarried and carries on the harness shop here; 
Emma is at home. 

The subject of this sketch is a son of John and 
Prudence (Stook) Gibbons. His paternal grand- 
fathei' was James Gilibons, a cloth-dresser of Devon- 
shire, and his maternal grandfather, John Stook, 
was of ILaul's Parish. Mr. Gibbons has been a 
member of the M.asonic fraternity for the past * 
forty years, and affiliates with the St. Marx Ro3al 
Arch Chapter in Taunton, ilass.. and the Polar Star 
Lodge. No. 130, at Netawaka. In politics, he is 
independent, voting for the candidate wlrom he 
thinks best fitted for the position. He was educated 
in the tenets of the Episcopal Church, and carries 
out in his life the principles of right living, thereby 
gaining the respect of acquaintances and fellow- 

A lithographic portrait of Mr. Gibbons is pre- 
sented on another page. 

57>REDERICK HARTWICK is one of the 
rii most successful farmers and live-stock feed- 
ers of Pottawatomie Count}', where he has 
lived since the spring of 1857. During ids early 
years he witnessed, and as his age would permit, 
participated in, many of the hardships of those daj-s, 
and relates incidents of that time with great inter- 
est. As an example bespeaks of the time when the 
family had to grind corn in a coffee mill to make 
bread with which to sustain life; and .when after 
the total failure of crops in 1860, it was necessarj- 



to obtain aid from llie Natiuiial Government, and 
from sister States, and the following winter being a 
severe one, the people liad to shovel roads through 
the snow drifts to Atchison, where provisions had 
been sent for them. 'J"he suffering people endured 
a great deal that winter, thongh other 3'ears gave 
them also many weeks, of hard times as well as 
pleasures, and developed in the citizens a true hos- 
pitality' and good fellowship, which is nowhere else 
so strong, true, and tried, as on the frontier. 

The parents of our subject were Michael F. and 
Anna (Strunske) Hartwick, who were born and 
reared in Prussia, about twentj^-four German miles 
from Berlin. After the birlli of four childicii, our 
subject, William, Ferdinand F., and Herman F.,tiie 
parents determined to make a homo in America, 
and on April 18, 18nG, took i)assage on a saiiiug- 
vcsstl at Hamburg, and after a vo^'age of six weeks, 
landed in New York Cit}'. They went at once to 
Monroe, Green Co., Wis., where, in the fall their 
oldest child. William, was removed from them liy 
death. In the sitring of 1857, with two cows, two 
j'oko of oxen, and a wagon, the}' came overland to 
this county, cami)ing by the way, and reaching 
Lone Tree Township, in July. There tiie father 
tiled a pre-cm|ilion claim foi' 160 acres on section 
12, wiierc the parents of our subject have ever since 
resided. The family was very poor, and it was 
some time liefore the fallicr could save money 
enough to pay for his claim, but he Anally suc- 
ceeded in doing so, and in acquii'ing other prop- 
erty, and is now the owner of several hundred acres. 
The subject of this biography grew to man's es- 
tate in Lone Tree Township, and after becoming 
of age began farming for iiimself, and has since 
made quite a fortune. He first purchased ]6() acres 
and has increased it to 400. liis home farm in jMill 
Creek Towushiii beiiig supplied willi a very fine set 
of farm Iniildings, all well built of stone. M]-. Hart- 
wick endeavors to keep abreast of the best thought 
of the times in every matter connected with the 
management of his land, and so derives a fine in- 
come from his estate. 

The first marriage of our subject took place in 
this township, the bride being Miss Sophia Nicholas 
of Germany, who accmpanicd her parents to this 
county aliout two years before her marriage, she 

being then a young lady. Mr. and Mrs. Nicholas 
are now living in Center Township, on a farm. 
Mrs. Hartwick died at her home in this township, 
Feb. 6, 188G, being then past thirty-eight years of 
age. She was the mother of nine children, two of 
whom died in infancy. The living are all now at 
home. They are named respectively: AnnaM. M., 
Ida T., Lena F., Herman V.. Lizzie M., Edward F., 
and Robert F. 

Mr. Hartwick contracted a second matrimonial 
alliance, taking as his wife, Mrs. Sophia Shenkc, 
nee Hinsman, who was born in Prussia, in the year 
1856. Her father died in the Fatherland in 1864, 
and in 1886 the widowed mother and the daugh- 
ter came to tlie United States, and to Kansas, where 
not long afterward the marriage of the daughter to 
Mr. Hartwick took place. Mrs. Hartwick had two 
children Ijy her first husband, William Shenke, who 
died in Germany. The two daughters, Mary and 
Krama M., are still living with their mother. 

Mr. Hartwick is a Republican, and has held the 
minor offices in his township. He and his wife be- 
long to the Presbyterian Church, as did also the 
first Mrs. Hartwick. Mr. Hartwick is well esteemed 
by his fellow-citizens for the intelligence and en- 
terprise that he manifests in his private affairs, and 
in his duties as a citizen, and for his good char- 
acter and kindly nature. 


'^T^TIOMAS J. MORROW. This gentleman is 

((^^ one of the prosperous and energetic residents 
^^^ in St. Mary's, Pottawatomie County, where 
he has lived since 1885, and formerly carried on a 
drug business, which ran from §12,000 to$15,000 per 
3'ear. He wasliorn in Randolph County, i\Io., May 
25, 1850, and until aliout eleven years old, Ids 
home was on a farm. Ills early schooling was in 
the district schools, and he afterward attended the 
Magee College, at College Mound, Mo., and still 
later the State Normal School at Kirksville. He 
engaged in business at College JNlound until 1875, 
and six years later removed to Kansas City, con- 
tinuing the same pursuits in that city until his re- 
moval to St. Mary's, where he has prospered in his 
financial affairs, and has gained many friends by 



his fine character, mental attainments, and business 
honor .and ability. He is a member of the Demo- 
cratic Central Committee of this county, and of 
that of the city also. 

The marriage of Mr. Morrow was celebrated at 
the home of tlie bride's father. Dr. W. T. Lowrey, 
at College Monnd, Mo., Jan. 25, 1875. Tlie bride 
was Miss Willie T. Lowrey, a native of Macon 
County, wliere her parents long resided. Her 
fatlier was a very prominent man, and widelj' Ivnown 
tinougiiout tiie State, and her brotlier. Prof. T. J. 
Lowrej-, is Dean of tlie engineering faculty of the 
Missouri State University, at Columbia. Mo., where 
he has l)een about fifteen years. Iler grandfather, 
Dr. .J. .T. Lowrey, of Howard County, represented 
Ids district in the State Legislature. Both Mrs. 
Morrow's parents departed this life in Missouri. 

The subject of our sketch is the oldest of four 
children born to John S. and Nelsena S. (Richard- 
son) Morrow, both of ivhom were bom near Dan- 
ville, Ky., and made an early settlement in Macon 
Count}'. There the mother died in 1871, at the 
age of forty 3'ears, and the father still lives, having 
reached his threescore years and ten. Both parents 
were lifelong members of the Presbyterian Cluirch. 
The paternal grandparents were also natives of the 
Bine Grass State, and the grandfather, Jesse Mor- 
row, removed to Missouri when quite old, and 
there he and his wife spent their last days. Of tlieir 
family, several of the children still live in Missouri. 
One of them, William Morrow, was the first Sheriff 
of Macon County, and served in that cai>acity 
many yeais. Another son, Jefferson Morrow, has 
been Treasurer of the same county for eight 3ears. 

lOBERT LITTLE is one of the oldest and 
most respected settlers of Jackson County, 
(ii^\ which has been his home for nearly twent}' 
\^ years. He was born in Hendricks County, 
Ind., Jan. 23, 1819, and is a son of Alex and 
Rachael (Robinson) Little. Both the parents were 
members of old Virginia families, and they re- 
moved from Mercer County, K}-., to tlie Hoosier 
State in 1811. There the father "fit Injuns" many 
a time, and there both parents departed this life. 

Our subject remained in his native county until 
the age of twenty- five years, acquiring on the par- 
ental acres a practical knowledge of farm life, and 
such education as was possible to be obtained in 
the schools of that day and from his parents. 

Leaving his boyhood's home and taking to him- 
self a wife, Mr. Little went onto a farm, which he 
operated until 1860, when he came to the Far 
West. The family spent a year in Circleville, 
Kan., during which time our subject purchased 160 
acres on section 32, Netawaka Township, this 
county, to which a short time later the family re- 
moved. At the date of its purchase Iiy Mr. Little, 
not a furrow liad been turned on the place, and an 
old log cabin was the only improvement. An 
addition was made to the cabin, and in it the fam- 
ily lived for several years. In 1S69 one of the best 
houses then in the vicinity was erected, and became 
their home, and in this commodious dwelling the 
family still lives. In the early days of their resi- 
dence here, Atchison was their only market, and 
Capt. Little has more than once hauled corn to 
that cit3', thirty-four miles distant, and sold it for 
twelve and a half cents a bushel. 

The land which Capt. Little took in its primitive 
condition, now forms a well-tilled .acreage, upon 
which are the usual iniiirovements made bj' an en- 
terprising agriculturist. It is well fenced with 
wire, rail and hedge, and finely set with native 
cedar and Norway pine, and other ornamental 
shade trees, and in addition has a large grove of 
black walnut, cottonwood, soft maple, etc. The 
apple orchard consists of about 500 trees, most of 
them now bearing, and some of them are the oldest 
trees in this part of the county. The peach orchard 
is extensive, and while some of the trees therein 
are ver^' old, others have been quite recently 
planted. Grapes and a variety of small fruits are 
also in cultivation. Capt. Little feeds all liiscorn, 
generally shipping his own stock. 

The estimable lad_y who has shared in the scenes 
of pioneer life, in the earlier struggles and later 
prosperity of Capt. Little, is a daughter of Alex- 
ander and Adeline (Verniillia) Worth, who were 
early settlers in Indiana, whence they had come 
from New York Siate. She born in Morgan 
County. Ind., which adjoins the county in which 




her husband first saw the light, and she (vns christ- 
ened Mariah. Mr. and Mrs. Little are the jiarents 
of six children. Mary Ann first married Jolin 
Myers, formerly of Ohio, who died while on a trip 
to the mountains. The widow, who was left with 
two children, subsequently married Isaac Hoover, 
whose sketch will be found elsewhere in this work ; 
Harriet A. is the wife of A. J. 15est. a physician at 
C'eutralia, and they have four children. Mr. Best 
is a native of Nova Scotia, and was formerly a 
resident in this township; Lawrence A. has a wife 
and six children, and is engaged in agricultural 
work in Straight Creek Townshii); Alice is the 
wife of Angelo Nichols, formerly of this township, 
and tiie mother of two children. Their present 
home is in Holton, where Mr. Nichols carries on 
the watch making snd jeweler's trade; Charles E., 
an educated pharmacist, is in the drug business in 
Circleville; he has one child. ICmnia Belpliene is 
the wife of Isaac N. Askins, of this township, and 
formerly of Ohio; they have one child. 

Capt. Little votes with the Republican part}- in 
all matters of National import, but in local affairs 
gives his suffrage to the best candidate, irrespective 
of party lines. Mrs. Little belongs to the Metho- 
dist Church, and is a highly esteemed member. 
The many sterling qualities in the character of 
Capt. Little, and his intelligent and enter[)rising 
management of his estate, give him a high rank in 
the opinion of his fellow-citizens, and thej- also 
manifest for him the respect which is due to his 

^^ILLIAM U. GARD, whose home is on sec- 
/ tion .5, Pottawatomie Township, belongs to 


W^J the pioneer element of Kansas, and has a 
large fund of reminiscences of the time when the 
Indian and buffalo made things lively for the ad- 
venturous settlers who braved the hardships and 
dangers of a new country in order to open up to 
posterity new avenues to fame and fortune. He 
was born in Grant Count}-. Wis.. Nov. 22. 1851. 
His father, David Gard was a native of Washington 
County, Ohio, and a ]}ioneer of Grant County. 
Wis. For a period of twenty years he worked in 
the lead mines in the vicinity of Galena. 111., but 

made his home in Grant County, Wis. He brought 
his family to Kansas in 1857, and settled in Potta- 
watomie County on the farm where our subject now 
resides. The mother i^f our subject was .^lary Cook. 
a daughter of Uriah Cook, who settled in Potta- 
watomie County in 1855, among the Indians and 
wild animals. The pirental family consisted of 
nine children, of whom six survive namely: Re- 
becca, Mrs. Duncan; iMary J., Mrs. Spaulding; Lot, 
William U., Charles E., and Rachel, Mrs. Mack. 
David Gard died July 4, 1880, in Galena, Ill.,wliile 
there on a visit. His wife had preceded him to the 
better land about two years, her death occurring in 
March, 1884. 

John R. Gard, brother of our subject, was a mem- 
ber of Company F, 4th Wisconsin Infantry, and 
was killed in Baltimore, Md.. aiiout June 12, 1861. 
His regiment had been detailed to preserve order 
in that city at the time of the riots there in 1861, 
which have since became historical, and he met his 
death in the line of his duty. 

William Gard was only six years of age when 
his parents took up their residence in Kansas. His 
earl\- experience was the usual one of the youth 
of the time and embraced many thrilling en- 
counters with the red men of the forest and the 
wild animals of the plains. His educational ad- 
vantages, as ma}' well be supposed, were of a some- 
what limited character, nevertheless he managed 
by dint of industry and close application to acquire 
a fair knowledge of the necessarj- branches of a 
good English education. An extensive course of 
reading and a wide knowledge of men and close 
attention to business affairs have combined to make 
him one of the most intelligent farmers to be found 
in the county. 

The marriage of our suliject to Miss Mary J. Movv- 
der was celebrated on the 20th of February 1879. 
Mrs. Gard is a daughter of Henry and Anna (Gam- 
ble) Mou'der, of Shannon Township, Pottawatomie 
County. She is a lady of intelligence and prac- 
tical ability and highly regarded in the community 
in which they live. The}' are the parents of five 
chihiren, whose names are: Lillian E., Florence M., 
William W. and Charles C. (twins), and Philip D. 

The farm of Mr. Gard is one of finest and best 
improved in Pottawatomie County, and embraces 



240 acres of land, all under good cultivation. In 
addition to his farm work, Mr. Gard is extensively 
engaged in the business of stock-raising, in which 
he lias been eminently successful. As a man and a 
citizen he stands high in the esteem and good will 
of his fellowmen, and has held the position of 
Township Clerk for the past four j-ears. He is a 
member of the A. O. U. W., and also of the Re- 
publican party. 

^ ^-i-B- 

jk^l ARTIN S. COMBS. Although not a long- 
/// 111 ''i""^ resident of Belviie Township, Mr. 
I I* Combs has fully established himself as one 
* of its worthy citizens, and one of the most 

intelligent members of the farming community. 
He owns and occupies 1 90 acres of good land 
on section 5, where he makes a specialty of thor- 
oughbred cattle and swine. He usuall}' keeps from 
seventy-five to 100 head of each. His operations 
ai'e conducted in that sj'stematic and businesslike 
manner which seldom fails of success. Mr. Combs 
has never sought notoriety, being content to pur- 
sue the even tenor of his way, and without seeking 
office gives his unqualified support to the Repub- 
lican party. He has been for some years a member 
in good standing of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
The native place of Mr. Comlis was in Builer 
County, Ohio, and the date of his birth June 12, 
1840. His father. Andrew B. Combs, was born in 
New Jersey about 1817, and is of Scotch extrac- 
tion. When a 3'Oung man he emigrated to Ohio, 
where he engaged in farming, and died at the age 
of sixty-five years. He was a man of decided views 
and opinions, and a stanch supporter of the Demo- 
cratic party. He was married in early life to Miss 
Martha Pryor, who was born in Richmond, Ind. 
Her father, William Pryor, was a prominent lawyer 
of that State and one of the leading lights in the 
Republican party. To Andrew and Martha Combs 
there was born a family of five children, all of 
whom are living, and who bear the names respect- 
ively, of Elizabeth. Joseph, Jonathan, Martin and 

The subject of this sketch was the fourth child 
of hia parents, and was reared and educated in his 

native township, living on the farm with his par- 
ents and attending the district school. He sojourned 
in the Buckeye State until the spring of 1870, then 
coming to Wabaunsee County, Kan., purchased a 
farm and lived there until 1881; then selling out 
he established himself as a grocer at Wamego, 
where he operated until 1887. That jear he sold 
out his store and purchased his present farm. Be- 
fore leaving his native State he was married, April 
11, 1861, to Miss Johanna Skelman. This lady was 
born in Ohio, and departed this life at her home in 
Wabaunsee County, May 5, 1878. There have 
been born to them eight children, viz: Albert, An- 
nie, Andrew, George, Thomas, Nettie, James and 
Alvina, all of whom are living. Mr. Combs on 
the 57th of October, 1886, contracted a second 
marriage with Mrs. Mary Regnier. This lady was 
Ijorn in Cooper Courfty, Mo., May 10, 1853, and is 
the daughter of Northeast and Mary (Johnson) 
Davis, wiio were likewise natives of that State. Of 
this union there are four children, viz: Charles, 
Lewis, Laura and Kii-hard. 



VICHARD M. COOK, a pioneer of 1858, 
(f? coming to Kansas in the prime and vigor 
'.l^yrt of early manhood, has since been closely 

^p! identified with the upbuilding of Jackson 
County, and has been especially prominent in se- 
curing valuable educational advantages for tiie 
youth within itsl)orders, and in otherwise elevating 
its social and moral status as well as in advancing 
its material prosperity. The breaking out of the 
war found our subject warmly in sympathy with 
the Union cause, and as soon as he could, he hastened 
to join the ranks who were fighting for the honor 
of the old flag, inheriting from his Revolutionary 
grandsire the patriotic blood that barle him do oi' 
die for his country. To-da}- he is conducting a 
flouris'^ing flour and feed business in Holton, and 
is one of our most respected and trusted merchants. 
Mr. Cook spent his early life in New Brunswick, 
N. J., where he was born Oct. 4. 1836, coming of 
good old New England stock. His father, Jnmes 
Cook, was liorn in Vermont. His grandfather was 
likewise a uati-ve of New England, and- he did 



gallant service in the Revolution. He was a farmer 
and spent his last jears among tiie granite hills of 
New Hampshire, where he was prominent in public 
life and served in the State Legislature. 

The father of our subject was young when his 
parents moved to New Hampshire, and there he 
grew to man's estate. He went to New Jersey after 
attaining his majority, and was married in tiiat State 
to Maria Merrill, a native of that commonwealth. 
She was a daughter of Richard Merrill, wlio w'as 
born on Staten Island. N. Y., his father spending 
his entire life on that island, where he carried on 
farming. The grandfather of our subject was also 
a farmer. During the war of 1812 he served as 
bugler. After that he moved to New Jersey, and 
settled a half mile from New Brunswick on a farm 
that he liad inherited from his father, and there he 
passed tlie remainder of liis life, dying in 1865 at 
the remarliably advanced age of one hundred 
years. After marriage the parents of our subject 
made their home on a farm tiiree or four miles from 
New Brunswick, and resided thereon till 1854, 
when they sold the place and moved to Wisconsin. 
They settled in Green County, in Jordan Township, 
twelve miles from Monroe in a westerly- direction. 
At that lime Wisconsin was still in the hands of 
the pioneers, and for a time Warren, 111., was the 
nearest railwa}' station. Mr. Cook bought a tract 
of wild land, partlj' timber, and soon erected 
suital)le buildings, improved a part of the land, and 
was living tliere at the time of his death, which 
occurred in Februar}', 1861. He was a man whose 
sterling personal attributes, practical industry, and 
excellent habits won him the respect of his fellow- 
men. The mother of our subject makes her home 
in Abilene with her daugliter, Mrs. Elizabeth .Sisson. 

Richard Cook of this Inographical review passed 
the early years of his life in his native State, and 
he was in his eighteenth year when he accompanied 
his parents to Wisconsin. He remained with 
them in their pioneer home in that Stale till 1858, 
and then he too became a pioneer, starting in the 
spring of that year for the Territory of Kansas, 
making the journey with an ox-team. John Dixon 
accompanying him. (He is now a resident of Grant 
Township.) They cooked and camped on the way, 
and after traveling two months arrived in that iiart 

of Calhoun County now included in Jackson 
Count3'. At that time there was one store with a 
small stock of goods and a few houses where the 
thriving city of liolton stands to-daj-. Mr. Cook 
made a claim to a tract of wild prairie live miles 
west and three miles south of town, joining the 
reservation. He built a cabin and broke a few 
acres of land, but being a single man he did not 
settle on it then. In the fall of 1860 he made a 
trip across the plains with an ox-team, leaving 
Leavenworth the 22nd day of October, with six 
pair of oxen and a load of freight, and on the 
22nd day of December, he arrived in Denver. 
After disposing of his freight he returned to Kan- 
sas, and in the spring of 1861 again journeyed 
across the plains. At that time buffaloes were 
plenty .ind he saw them in large numbers. In Juljs 
he came back to Jackson County, and in August 
he enlisted in Company C, 7th Kansas Cavalry, for 
a term of three j'cars. and did faithful service in 
Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi and 
Alabama, fighting bnavely in many a hardly con- 
tested battle. He remained with his regiment until 
the espir.ation of the term of enlistment, and was 
then honor.ably discharged, and returned to iiis 
home in this county. He previously entered 
his land from the Government, and when he came 
back from the seat of war he settled on it, and at 
once set about the task of developing a farm, and 
was a resident there till 1870. Disposing of his 
property at a good price, he then came to Holton 
to reside. He had been elected County Superin- 
tendent of Schools in 1868, and was re elected in 
1870 and 1872, serving conlinuousi}' six years, 
and in 1884 he was again elected to that respon- 
sible office. From 1874 till 1884 he was engaged 
in teaching, and in the latter year opened his flour 
and feed store, which he has so successfully managed 
since that lime. 

Mr. Cook was happily married in 1867. to Miss 
Lucinda E. Harris, a native of Wisconsin, and to 
them have come three children: Harry. Emma and 

Our subject is a gentleman of culture and of 
progressive and enlightened views, and, as we have 
seen, has been a public benefactor, inasmuch as he 
has done a great deal, not only in directly educating 



the young of Jackson County, but also in securing 
them the advantages of an excellent school system. 
As an iii^right business man, he has the trust of all 
with whom he deals; as a citizen, he is greatly es- 
teemed, and in his domestic relations he is all that 
a devoted husband and wise father should lie. A 
Republican always, he gives his earnest support to 
the policy of his partj-, Qrmly believing it the 
best for the guidance of N.ilional affairs in the in- 
terests of the people. His fellon- citizens have 
called liim to other offices of trust besides that 
mentioned, and while a resident of Grant Town- 
ship he served two years as Trustee, and was also 
Township Treasurer of Franklin Township. Since 
coming here, he has been a member of the City 

riACOB MORROW. Thisgentleman was not 
twenty j-ears of age when he became a resi- 
dent of Jackson County, and his experience 
has extended from the troublous dajs of 
the 'oO's, through the period of the anti-slavery 
r.nd pro-slavery difficulties upon the border, 
through the years in which this section was sparsely 
settled bj^ the whites and when wild game and sav- 
ages were plentiful, through seasons of drought and 
devastation bj' rapacious insects, to the more pros- 
perous years when settlements were rapidly spring- 
ing up and the country taking on a more civilized 
beauty from tbe cultivated fields, beautiful groves 
and tastj' dwellings that marked its surface. Be- 
ginning with the labors which he undertook in his 
father's assistance, Mr. Morrovv has borne a full 
share in the work of developing the resources and 
elevating the standard of citizenship and morality 
in this county, and can feel a just pride in the pros- 
perity and advanced civilization of his chosen home 
and his own share in that result. 

The parents of our subject were John and Mary 
(.Stookey) Morrow, the former a native of Lancas- 
ter County, Pa., and the latter of Germany. Tliey 
were living in Winfield County, Ohio, when on 
Oct. 17, 1836. a son was born to them, who was 
christened Jacob, and who is the subject of this 
this sketch. Sixteen] j ears after his birth the 
family removed to Platte County, Mo., where they 

resided four years, thence in the spring of 1856 
coming to what was then Calhoun County, Kan., 
and settling one mile east of Ilolton. There the 
parents remained until the death of the father, 
which occurred early in the winter of 1872. After 
his death the widowed mother lived with her chil- 
dren, and departed this life at the home of a 
daughter in Ringgold County, Iowa. 

Jacob Morrow, the subject of this sketch, was 
the fourth in a family of nine children, and having 
accompanied his parents to this county remained 
with them until his marriage in March, 1859. His 
bride was Miss Louisa Waj'ant, who was born in 
Franklin Count}-. Pa., May 29, 1841, her parents 
being Jacob and Margai'et (Besore) Wayaut, who 
were also born in the Kej'stone State, and who 
came to Kansas in the early winter of 1856, and the 
following spring located in this county, in what is 
now Garfield Township. There the mother died in 
1869, the husband and father surviving until 1870, 
when he too departed this life. Mrs. Morrow has 
borne her husband four children — Samautha J., 
who is the wife of D. W. Cozad; John, who died 
when a little over three years old; Jacob Jr.; and 
one who died in infancy. 

After his marriage Mr. Morrow settled about 
one. mile east of Holton, where he remained until 
the spring of 1866, when he changed his location 
to a point west of the same village. After a short 
sojourn there he settled on section 2-3, Garfield 
Township, where he still lives and where he owns 
250 valuable acres, upon which excellent buildings 
have been erected and other fine improvements 
made. He gives his attention to farming and 
stock-raising, and exhibits an intelligence and a 
desire to keep abreast of the best thought of the 
times in both lines of work, which redound to his 
credit and place him among the better class of ag- 

Mr. Morrow has an honorable record as a sol- 
dier, having spent some of the best years of his 
manhood in the service of his country and having 
performed the duties of campaign life in a faithful 
and efficient manner. He was enrolled as a member 
of Company B, 1 1th Kansas Infantry, in the fall of 
1862. and a year later the command was mounted, 
serving until the close of the war as mounted in- 



fantry. While in the army our subject was quite 
seriously injured by being run over by a wagon. 
When mustered out of the service he returned to 
his home and took up again the arts of peace, 
and has since continued uninterru|)tedly at his 

Politically Mr. Morrow is a Democrat. He and 
his wife are members of the Baptist Church, and 
endeavor in their daily life to carry out the princi- 
ples of tlie Gospel. Since the day of their union 
Mrs. Morrow has, in her own department, ably as- 
sisted her husband by her forethonglit and wise 
economy, and her prudent counsel and words of 
encouragement have been highly valued by him. 
Tiie couple have a wide circle of acquaintances and 
many friends in the section where thej' have so 
long made their home. 

AMILTON H. BRADY. Of the represent- 
ill ative citizens of Jackson County-, few are 
more widely known, and none more highly 
respected than this gentleman, who has 
been succcessful both in the profession of a teacher 
and in the occupation of a tiller of the soil. He 
lives on a pleasant farm, which he purchased in 
1882, and which, although in good conditional the 
time of purchase, has been still further impi-oved 
through the labor of the owner and operator. 
Mr. Brady was engaged as a teacher for twelve 
years, during which time he taught 108 months, 
making a total of nine years of constant labor in 
that profession. He gained a wide-spread reputa- 
tion as a good instructor and disciplinarian, having 
taught in various counties and States. 

A native of Barnesville, Belmont Co., Ohio, 
Mr. Brady was born Sept. 30, 1838, and resided in 
that town until he was twenty years of age. He 
was fitted for a teacher, and consequently his edu- 
cation was unusally thorough and complete. In 
1858 he went to Logan Countj', Ohio, where be 
taught one year. There he became so deeply in- 
terested in one of his pupils, Sarah Lorey, that he 
persuaded her to become his wife. The}' were 
married in Lincoln, ]\Larch 16. 1859, and thence 
removed to South I'oint, Mo. This conimunity 

was intensely Southern in its sympathies, and was, 
therefore, so unpleasant for Mr. Brady and his 
wife that the}' removed to Greene County, III., and 
made it their home for four years. 

Being an ardent and enthusiastic supporter of 
the principles of the Union. Mr. Br.idy enlisted in 
the 61st Illinois Infantry, and was elected Second 
Lieutenant of Company A. On account of poor 
health, he was refused when the medical examina- 
tion was made. During the war, however, he did 
good service in assisting to keep tiie guerrillas 
down. While living in Jersey County, 111., busi- 
ness called him away from home during the sum- 
mer of 1864, and his wife was greatly troubled 
by the rebels, who had overrun the county. Sev- 
eral times they took possession of the house, and 
on more than one occasion she drove them away 
from her home at the point of the revolver. In 
1870 Mr. Brady sold his home in Jersey County, 
HI., with the intention of going to Nebraska, but 
instead settled in Henderson County, III., where he 
had secured a school. There they sojourned until 
1874. and then, having rented a farm about four- 
teen miles distant in Warren Count}', the same 
State, they removed to it, and he was engaged in 
farming for five years. 

Upon removing to Kansas, in 1879, Mr. Brady 
lived in Brown County, about forty rods from 
where he now resides. He bought eighty acres, 
which he impioved, and then purchased a piece 
of wild, uncultivated land on section 2. This he 
brought to a fine state of cultivation, and further 
embellished it with a-small frame residence, 1-1x24 
feet, putting up good fences, and planting an orchard 
of fifty apple trees. His present property was 
broken and improved when he purchased it, and 
he afterward set out 700 trees, all being choice 
varieties of apples, and now in fine bearing con- 
dition. He is of the opinion that the south sum- 
mer wind is the most injurious, and has therefore 
placed his wind break on the south instead of the 
north. Upon his farm he keeps stock enough to 
eat his corn. 

A family of nine children was born to our sub- 
ject and his wife, of whom six survive. They 
were named respectively: Katurah Virginia, now 
Mrs. George Miller, of Brown County; Frank D., 



who married Alice McNara, daughter of John Mc- 
Nara. of Atchison County, and lives on his father's 
farm; Arthur Lee, now in business at Horton : 
George A., also 'in business with his brother, at 
Horton; Walter G., who died in Illinois, at the 
age of seven months; Ella M. and Lorej' M., 
twins, who are deceased; Fred H. and Florence E., 
who are attending school. In tlie interval between 
1885 and 1888 Mr. Brady took Ids family to Mor- 
rill, where they resided. He bought property 
there, which he still owns, though the family has 
returned to the old home place. This removal was 
made for the benefit of their children, who made 
rapid advancement in their studies while in school 
at Morrill. The family are members of the Chris- 
tian Church, and regular attendants thereof. Mr. 
Brady votes the straight Republican ticket, and is 
an energetic worker in the ranks of that party. 

With reference to the ancestry of Mr. Brady, 
he was the son of John and Nancy (Moore) Brad}', 
the latter being the daughter of William and Ellen 
IVIoore, of Loudoun Countj', Va. In that county 
the mother of our subject was born and reared; 
there also she married, removing later to Ohio. 
This long journey was made by her on horseback, 
while her husband walked. Upon arriving in Ohio, 
they had a cash capital of ^2.50, but their poverty 
did not daunt them, for they had unlimited confi- 
dence in their strong hands and stout hearts to 
overcome every obstacle in their wiiy. John Brady 
came from Londonderry', Ireland, when a joung 
man. He was of Scotch-Irish stock, and took part 
in the War of 1812. and also in the Mexican War. 
Grandfather Moore likewise took \mrt in the War 
of 1812, while the great-grandfather of the same 
name took part in the Revolutionary War. 

The father of Mrs. Brady was Silas Lorej', a na- 
tive of New Jersey, and the only child in the 
family. He married Maria Gates, daughter of 
Samuel and Elizabeth Gates, the former of whom 
was a soldier in the War of 1812, and later left his 
home in Pennsylvania and located in the frontier 
districts of Ohio. The father of Mrs. Brady was 
kft an orphan when only a babe. He had one sis- 
ter, who was reared by a family in New York. He 
was an only son, and she an onlj' daughter. He 
was born in New Jersey and reared and educated 

in New York City, where he learned the trade of a 
shoemaker. His health failing, he purchased a 
farm in Athens County. Ohio, where his death 
occurred, at the early age of fort}' years. 



TER. The main points in the 
lis representative citizen of Cedar 
/'' — ^ Township, are as follows: He was born in 
Jefferson County, Ind., Sept. 3, 1837, and when six 
years old was deprived of a father's care by <leath. 
His mother was left with five children in limited 
circumstances, and Eli. being the only son, was 
com]jelled to assist her in gaining a livelihood, thus 
obtaining a very limited education. When ten 
years old his mother was married the second time, 
and Eli then left home and occupied himself at 
whatever he could find to do among the farmers in 
his neighborhood, where he found friends, and at 
the age of fifteen years was paid more than ordin- 
arily good wages. 

When a youth of seventeen years, 30ung Lick- 
lyter, ivi 1854, went to Illinois, and thence in Feb- 
ruary, 1857, came to Kansas. He sojourned a short 
time in Leavenworth, then came to Jackson County, 
and when nineteen j'ears old took up a claim in 
partnership with another man, from the Delaware 
Lands, which had been put into the hands of the 
Government by the Delaware Indians. He had no 
mone3'and proceeded with the improvement of his 
property as best he could, sojourning there until 
enlisting as a soldier in the Union army during the 
second year of the war. In the meantime he was 
married, in 1859, to Miss Susan, a daughter of 
George W. Davis, then of Indiana, but who is now 
farming in Jackson County, Kan. Of this union 
there was born one child, a daughter, Mar}', who is 
now a resident of Birmingham, and is married to 
John R. Douglas; they have three children. Mrs. 
Susan Licklytcr departed this life in 1864, during 
the absence of her husband in the army. 

Mr. Licklyter, in 1862, enlisted in Company B, 
11th Kansas Infantry, in which he served until the 
close of the war, mostl\- in Missouri and Arkansas. 
.In February. 1865, his regiment was sent to the 
West, as far as Montana, to quell the Indian out- 



bi-eak. and during tlie tedious marcli whieli followed 
lost some of its best men. Our subject, however, 
whs neither wounded nor captureil .ind returned 
witii liis remaining comrades to Ft. J^eavenwortii. 
where in September, 1865, he was mustered out. 
He then returned to his farm, where he remained 
until 1867. Then coming to Northern Kansas, he 
purchased the land whicli he now owns, securing 
first 100 acres and later adding to it, until he is now 
the owner of 427 acres lying along Cedar Creek, a 
fine body of land with plenty of limber. He has 
been very successful as a farmer in the .Sunflower 
State, having never suffered a total failure of crops, 
and always having pleut}- for all purposes. In 1866 
he was married, a second time, to Miss Rose A., 
daughter of R. W. Lister. The parents of Mrs. 
Licklyter were natives of Tennessee and came to 
Kansas in 1857, taking up their abode in Douglas 
Township, where the father is living on a farm: the 
mother also is still living. Of this union there has 
been born six children, viz: John, Rose, Cora, Eli- 
jah, Cleveland and a babe unnamed. Politically, 
Mr. Lickl^'ter is a sound Democrat. He farms on a 
large scale and makes a specialty of graded stock. 
He is a member of the G. A. R. His father was 
.Tolm Licklyter, a native of Pennsylvania, and a 
farmer by occupation. The maiden name of the 
motiier was Mary Griffey, daughter of Benjamin 
Griffey, of Kentucky, and the third in a family of 
five children. Grandfather Griffey was a farmer 
by occupation, and spent his last days in Gibson 
Count}', hid. 

f DAM SCOTT is one of the wealthiest and 
most prominent men of Pottawatomie 
Township. He is a man of nioi'e than 
ordinarj' intelligence and well informed 
upon all the current topics of interest. His pleas- 
ant home is located on section .'5. and is a monu- 
ment to his sagacity in business affairs and is a 
delightful retreat from the cares and struggles of an 
active life in the world's hive of industry. 

Mr. Scott was born in Roxburghshire, Scotland, 
ten miles from the I'^nglish bordei', on May 16, 
1828. His father, Robert, now deceased, was also 

a native of the same iilace and was reared on the 
same farm as that upon which our subject grew to 
manhood. Father and son were always farmers 
and made it their business to be good ones, keeping 
a keen lookout for every thing that i)romised im- 
provement in methods of work or increase in the 
measure of success to be attained. The common 
schools of his native place furnished the subject of 
this notice with a fair acquaintance with the practi- 
cal part of an education, and his own reading and 
observation have conti'ibuted their share towards 
making him the intelligent, weil-read man that he 
is to-day. 

On Jan. 16, 1852, Mr. Scott and Miss Elizabeth 
Anderson were united in the bonds of matrimony. 
Mrs. Scott is a daughter of Tliomas Anderson who 
was a native of Scotland. To Mr. and Mrs. Scott 
have been born twelve children of whom one is 
deceased. Those living are: Thomas A., Robert, 
Alex M., Adam, David, Sybella. William, Ebene- 
zer, Elizabeth A., Charles and John M. One 
daughter, Agnes, died when a young lady of 
twenty-six years of age.deepl}' regretted by a large 
circle of friends and acquaintances to whom she 
was endeared by her many good qualities and 
amiable disposition, Thomas married Miss Mary 
McClymont and resides in Chicago, By a previous 
marriage he became the father of one child, Walter 
M,; Robert married Miss Ella Sanders and has one 
child, Clarence; is Cashier of the First National 
Bank of Wamego, Kan,, and resides in a coz}- resi- 
dence in that place; Adam took Miss Minnie Jef- 
frey for his life partner and makes his home in 
Lenora, Kan, One child, Agnes, makes sunshine 
in their hearts and perpetuates the memory of the 
Agnes who basks in the light of the beautiful home 

Adam Scott brought his family to the I'nited 
States in 1870, and located on his present place 
which he has improved and added to the original 
purchase until the present fine and extensive estate 
is the result of his well directed industry- and ex- 
cellent management. His wife and family have 
nobly seconded all his efforts and to them is due 
their meed of praise. The farm of Mr. Scott com- 
prises some 1 ,400 acres of land, part of wiiicii is de- 
voted to the purposes of stock-raising, to which 



business he owes a large portion of liis wealth. He 
and his family are held in high regard by thecom- 
nuinity in which they live and Mr. .Scott is now 
serving his third term as Justice of the Peace, in 
which oflice he gives universal satisfaction, hut he 
is not desirous of official honors and can not be 
l)ersuaded to enter the political arena. He i)crforras 
his duty as a citizen by casting his ballot for the 
men of his clioice, whom he has always found thus 
far in the ranks of the Rei)ubliean P.-irty. Our sub- 
ject and his family are consistent members of the 
Congregational Church, to which they are also 
liberal contributors. 

^^^ IMON B. COCKRELL. The mercantile 

^^^ interests of Garrison and vicinity are 

(ll/Jl) worthily represented by the subject of this 

^ notice, who is one of the most prominent 

men in his community, liberal and public-spirited, 

and closely identified with its social and material 

welfare. He is young in years, having been born 

Nov. 7, 1863, and a native of Pottawatomie County, 

his birth taking place in Shannon Township, at the 

family homestead. His father, Mordeeai Coekrell, 

was a native of Washington County, Ind., and was 

born Oct. G, 1821. 

The father of our subject, when a lad of ten 
years, crossed over the frontier with his parents 
into Illinois, and sojourned there until reaclung 
manhood. He then emigrated across the Missis- 
sippi to Cass County, Mo., where he sojourned un- 
til 1857. That year he came to Kansas, and located 
in Shannon Township, Pottawatomie County, where 
he now lives. He opened up a farm from a tract 
of wild land, and bj' a course of industry and pru- 
dence constructed a comfortable homestead, and 
established himself in the confidence and esteem of 
his neighbors. The paternal grandfather, Alexan- 
der Coekrell, was born in Powell's Valley, Va., 
where he pursued his life-long occupation of farm- 
ing. When sixt3--eight years of age he came to 
Kansas, on a visit to his son, and died in Pottawato- 
mie County. He traced his ancestry to Wales. 

The mother of our subject was in her girlhood 
Miss Keziah Bishop. She was born in Clay County, 

111., Oct. 6, 1820, and lived there until reaching 
womanhood. Of her union with Mordeeai Coek- 
rell there was born a family of eleven children : 
Martha, the eldest, died at the age of forty-one 
years; Susannah when thirty-eight _vears old; Mary 
at the age of thirty-six; and Margaret when one 
year old. The others were named, respectively: 
Cintelia, Moses. Esther, Frances S., Sarah E. Emma 
J. and Simon. Simon was the youngest born, and 
spent the years of his boyhood and youtii at 
the old homestead, remaining there until a young 
man of twenty-four j-ears. Then starting out for 
himself, he embarked in the hardware business at 
Garrison, in which he is still successfully engaged. 
He has been quite prominent in local affairs, and is 
at present serving as a member of the Sciiool 
Board and as Township Treasurer. In politics he 
is a decided Democrat. 

Mr. Coekrell was married, at the bride's home in 
Jackson County, Kan., May 16. 1888. to Miss Aggie 
nick. This lady was born in Platte Count}', Mo., 
July 21, 186.3. and is the daughter of the Rev. 
Charles Dick, a native of Kentucky, who came with 
his family to Kansas in 1864, and is now living in 
Jackson C'ount\-. There has been born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Coekrell one child, who died in infancy. 
They occupy a neat home in the south part of the 
village, and a good position, socially, among its 
leading people. 

. ^ ■E^.- 


AMES COONEY. The Irish citizens and 
farmers in Jackson County, have a fine rep- 
resentative in the gentleman above named^ 
who is one of the most thorough agricultul- 
ists in the count}-, and whose record as a citizen is 
irreproachable. His residence is located on section 
34, Franklin Township, where he owns 160 acres of 
productive land, and is also the foriunate possessor 
of 130 acres additional. The residence, barn, etc, 
on his place are more than ordinarily well built, 
and the whole estate bears an appearance of thrift 
and prosperity that to the eyes of the stranger 
would mark it as the home of a man of progressive 
ideas, good judgment and enterprise. 

The birth of Mr. Cooney took place in the Em- 



crald Isle Aug. 22, 1842, and about nine years later 
lie was brougbt by his parents to America. Tbey 
first settled in New York, and later in Tazewell 
County, 111., where the father subsequently died. 
Their son James, the subject of this sketch, lived 
with his parents as long as they remained upon 
e:iith. and continued to make his home in Tazewell 
County until 1884, in the spring of which year he 
niade his settlement on his present estate. 

The rites of wedlock were celebrated in Tazewell 
County. 111., between Mr. Cooney and Miss j\Iar- 
garet Flynu. wlio was also a native of the Emerald 
Isle. This estimable lady has borne her husband 
nine children: Mary, .Stasia. William. Edward, 
Maggie and Thomas; three deceased — Ellen, Cath- 
arine and James. Mary is the wife of Thomas 
Whalen, and the mother of three children — Sarah. 
David and James. 

Mr. C'oone}' has been a member of the School 
Board, and is much interested in the cause of edu- 
cation, and an increase in the etficienoy of the 
schools, which already rank so high among those 
of the Nation. In politics he is a Democrat; he 
belongs to the Catholic Church. The keen percep- 
tion and the quick wit of the Irishman are not often 
better displayed than they have been in the life (>f 
this gentleman, who keeps abreast of the times in 
everything which pertains to farm life and work, 
and who has an intelligent understanding of the 
events transpiring about him. His fellow-citizens 
of Irish birth or ancestry may well lie pleased with 
his record as a man and citizen, and point to it with 
jirid e. 

— 'm^- — - 

OHN RABENSTORF. This gentleman has 
made his home in this section of Kansas for 
almost thirty years, residing first in Nemaha 
and later in Jackson County, and his up- 
right cliaracter, his honorable record as a soldier in 
the cause of the I'nion, and his efforts to advance 
himself in life while laboring under a disability to 
do hard work, alike entitle him to respect. He 
now owns ."jGO acres of land in Netawaka Town- 
ship, Jackson County, and for the pnst fifteen 3'eavs 
has made stock raising his principal business. 

Prussia is' the native land of our subject, and 

there he lived from the day of his birth, Nov. 14, 
1835. until he had passed the age of twenty-one, 
when, believing that America afforded better 
opportunities for his advancement than did his 
native land, he took passage across the Atlantic. 
His parents, John and Doratha (Trip) Rabenstorf, 
lived on a farm, and his earlier life was spent there. 
For a time before leaving his native land he was 
occupied in the hotel business in the town of 
Grovesvault, Germany. When in 1857 he be- 
came a resident of the United States, he located in 
Watertown, and afterward in Beaver Dam, Wis. 
In April. 1860, he changed his place of abode to 
Nemaha County. Kan., about six miles from where 
he now lives. 

The warlike spirit which is so early instilleil into 
the breasts of German citizens, was roused by the 
attack upon the Union and the call to arms which 
rang through the northern States, and in October, 
1861, the young Prussian offered his services to 
the North. He became a member of Company H. 
2d Kansas Cavalry, and served in Kansas. Mis- 
souri, Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, Louisiana, 
Arkansas, Indian Territory, Mississippi and Texas. 
The spring following his enlistment, in company 
with 175 men and otticers, he was detailed from 
the regiment in which he was enrolled, to form the 
2d K.ansas Artillery, which organization was kept 
up until fall, when it was so decimated that the 
men who survived were returned to their former 
regiments. The Cavalry troot) in which our sub- 
ject saw most of his army experience, took jiart in 
some of the large eiig.agements of the war, and in 
the intervals was almost continuously scouting and 
skirmishing with the bushwhackers in Missouri. 
Arkansas and Kansas. 

In the spring of 1864, Mr. Rabenstorf was ser- 
iously injured while the troops were on the Wash- 
ington River, engaged in one of their raids. His 
horse became frightened by a heavy clap of thun- 
der, and jumped a stake and rider fence with him. 
The horn of the saddle caused a rupture large 
enough to insert the hand in the wound, through 
which the bowels protruded. Mr. Rabenstorf lay 
in the hospital for more than six months, and was 
finally discharged in December, 1864. The doctor 
offered to procure him a pension, but he refused to 



talce it at that time, iioping and believing tliat he 
coulil marie a living for himself. When he after- 
ward became unfit for work on account of the in- 
jury, he accepted a pension of $8 per month, which 
he lias ever since been drawing. 

After receiving his discharge at Ft. Leavenworth, 
Mr. Robenstorf returned to his former neighbor- 
hood in Nemaha County, and a few months later 
bought a part of the land on wiiieh lie now lives, 
and in 1867 began the improvements thereon. A 
log cabin 16x26 feet, with loose fence boards for 
flooring, was his first dwelling here, and it was 
occupied by two families, as our subject was unfit 
to do heavy work, and iiad to have assistance. 
Half of all tlie crops raised were given to his 
helper. The honse cost S50, and was built by its 
owner's own hands, and the original 160 acres 
upon wliich it stood were purchased for $475. The 
homestead and the 400 acres which have been 
added to it are now well cultivated and cared for, 
and bear substantial improvements. Three houses 
are now upon the estate, the large residence which 
the owner now occupies having been erected in 
1876. It consists of a main part and L, each 1 0x28 
feet and two stories high, and all with hard finisli 
plastering and paint. The barn which is now in 
use was also erected in 1876. All the fencing upon 
the estate is done with hedges, and about 300 apple 
trees, grapes and other fruits, and a number of 
shade and ornamental trees, further beautify the 
place. All the grain raised upon it, is consumed 
for family needs and for feeding. 

At the home of the bride in Nemaha County, 
Sept. 19, 1869, the marriage rites of Mr. Rabens- 
torf and Miss Christina Zabel were celebrated. 
The bride is a daughter of Frederick and Louisa 
(Zabel) Zabel, who emigrated from the Fatherland 
when the daughter was but live years of age, and 
settled near Watertown, Wis. They afterward 
moved to Farmington County, where ilrs. Rabens- 
torf was reared and educated, and whence they 
came to Nemaha County when she was seventeen 
years of age. Her father now lives at Wetmore, a 
few miles distant from her own home. The newly 
wedded couple began their married life in the ''log 
cabin on the claim," which the young bride kept 
orderly and neat. The happy couple have been 

blessed by the birth of a large family of children, 
of whom four died in infancy. John F., the eldest 
child living, is now a lad of twelve years. Fol- 
lowing him are George W., Eddie E., Carl C, Clara 
Elizabeth, and Louisa, the baby. 

The suffrage of our subject is given to the Demo- 
cratic part}'. He and his wife belong to the Lib- 
eral Evangelical Lutheran Cliurch. 




^;OHN PETER RIEDERER. proprietor of 
Elk Mills, which are extensively patronized 
by the citizens of Franklin Township, is one 
of the most popular men of his community. 
He was born in the canton of Grubenton, Switzer- 
land, June 29, 1834, and came with his parents to 
America when a lad ten years of age. They settled 
in Wisconsin, where John P. lived until a young 
man of twenty-three years. Then, in June, 1857, 
leaving the Badger State, he came to Kansas, and 
pre-empted 160 acres of wild land on section 1, 
Franklin Township, where he has since lived. In 
1880 he built a stone roller-mill, which has a capa- 
city of fifty barrels daily, and whicli he operates 
successfully in connection with his farm. The lat- 
ter is embellished with good buildings, and other 
substantial improvements, and is 240 acres in ex- 
lent. Under the careful management of the pro- 
prietor, it has become the source of a handsome 

At the age of twenty-two years, Mr. Riederer was 
married in Washington Count}-, Wis.. October. 
1856, to Miss Johanna Ilildebrandt. Tiiis lady 
was born in the Kingdom of Prussia, Oct. 26, 1838, 
and by her union with our subject, has become the 
mother of eleven children: William F. is a resident 
of Seattle, W.ash.; is now the wifeof William 
Zable,of Franklin Township; Elizabeth is the wife of 
Henry Boothe, of Stafford County, this State: Caro- 
line married Peter Youngdorf, a farmer of Frank- 
lin Township; F^mma, Mrs. J. B. Besore, lives in 
Ness County; Edward, Albert, Henry, and An- 
drew, are at home with their parents; Rosetta and 
Wilhelraina died at the ages of three years and 
eighteen months, respectively. Mrs. Johanna Ried- 
erer departed this life at the homestead in Frank- 



lin Township. Aug. 2. 1878. She was a lad}' of 
many estimable qualities, and a member in good 
standing of the Evangelical Church. Mi'. Riederer 
is a stanch Republican, politically, and at the time 
of Price's raid, was enrolled in the State militia. 

The father of our subject was Andrew Riederer, 
a native of Switzerland, who married a Miss Dorl- 
tha, a maiden of his own country. The}" emigrated 
to America in 1 845. settling in Washington Count}', 
Wis., where they lived until 1857, then coming to 
Kansas Territory, settled in Leavenworth County. 
Two years later, they changed their residence to 
Stranger Creek, in that county, and a year after- 
ward removed to .lackson. where they spent their 
last da}s. Their family consisted of five sons and 
four daughters, of whom John Peter was the eld- 
est born. A sketch of his brother, '.Jacob, one of 
the prominent men of Liberty Township, will be 
found elsewhere in tliis volume. 

<|, IfelLLIAM GRAY. The prosperity of Jack- 
\&J/' **^"' County is due in a large measure to 
VtxP those sturdy pioneers, who, coming here 
from older States, have battled with all the hard- 
ships incumbent upon frontier life, and after ex- 
perimenting with the soil and ascertaining to what 
it is most ada|)ted, have devoted their time to es- 
tablishing pleasant homes, and placing themselves 
in independent financial circumstances. Mr. Gray 
has had his full share of the ditticulties incident to 
such an existence, an<l spent much of his time 
and money in developing his homestead. Upon 
his arrival in this county he thought he could 
succeed in raising wheat, but a few expensive trials 
taught him differently. The speculation, however, 
cost him a considerable amount of money. On the 
other hand, he has found many grains which can 
be raised admirably in this soil, and to the cultiva- 
tion of these he devotes the most of his large farm. 
The father of our subject was likewise William 
Gray, a native of Kentucky. He married M.ary 
Groce, daughter of David Groce, who came at a 
very early date from his home in Kentucky to 
Clark County, Ind. William Gray, .Jr., was born 
in Bloomington, Ind., Sept. 17, 1831, and passed 

the first seventeen years of his life in farm work 
and school duties. He received a good, practical 
education, and attained a considerable reputation 
among the people of that neighborhood as a "cham- 
pion" speller. In those days spelling matches were 
a common occurrence and were attended liy farmers 
for miles around. The fortunate winner would be 
envied by his school-tnates and praised by the 
visitors, and this honor usually fell to the lot of 
our subject, who seldom failed to "spell the school 

At the age of seventeen years, Mr. Gr.ay went to 
Bedford, Lawrence County, the same State, where 
he was occupied for a period of three years at the 
tanner's trade. He later removed to Chestnut Hills, 
where he followed the same business for a period 
twenty years. He had in the meantime taken 
upon himself the responsiliility of a home, having 
been united in marriage with Elizabeth Norman, 
Jan. 24, i860. Mrs. Gray was the daughter of 
Peter and Nancy (Hays) Norman, n.atives of North 
Carolina and Illinois. In 1869 Mr. Gray sold out 
his business, having resolved to locate in the West. 
and engage in agricultural pursuits, although for 
many years he had done no farm work. He came 
alone to .lackson County in the fall of that year, 
and selected a suitable location for a home on the 
southwest quarter of section 8, Ariiiting Township. 
Here he brought his family in 1870. leaving them 
first with friends in tlie vill.age of Whiting, while 
he came on to the farm and erected a house, lGx22 
feet,which was considered at that time quite a large 
building. Mr. Gray was enal)led to purchase good 
teams, as well as the farming implements necessary 
to the cultivation of the estate. 

Prosperity has attended Mr. Gray in all his 
efforts, and he is now well situated financially. To 
his original purchase he has .added 160 acres, now 
in a good state of cultivation. On his first pur- 
chase there is an old Indian field of about twelve 
acres, which had been cultivated by the red men 
for many years. Having been reared in a wooded 
country, Mr. Gray considered timber essential to a 
good farm, and accordingly was careful when lo- 
cating his claim to select land with plenty of trees. 
He has thus not only had sulHiient wood for his 
own use, but has sold some, and given liljerally of 



his bountiful supply. Most of his estate is under 
cultivutioii, some of it, however, being devoted to 
pastures. In the spruis; of 1871, he set out about 
300 apple trees, which are in splendid bearing con- 
dition. With peaches he was not so successful. 
Smaller fruits, grapes, berries, etc., grow and bear 
well, and are a perfect success. There is also a 
large grove containing over 300 evergreen trees, 
being tiie only thrifty grove of the same in Whit- 
ing Township. They are Scotch pine, about as 
high as the bouse, eight inches in diameter on an 
average, and add very materially to the attractions 
of the homestead. Of the many varieties planted 
by Mr. Gray, the Scotch pine were the only sur- 
vivors. The beautiful catalpa. with its wealth of 
foliage and blossoms, may be found amid other 
shade and forest trees. In the midst of the wide- 
spreading lawn stands the residence, comprising 
one and a half stories, attractive without and re- 
plete on the interior, with evidences of the taste 
of its inmates. In the rear are quite a number of 
sheds and stables, which are essential to a modern 
stock-farm, and to this business Mr. Gray has 
devoted his attention and labor for many years. 
He is particularly interested in cattle and hogs, 
often carrying 100 head of the former and as many 
of the latter. 

In politics, Mr. Gra}' is a supporter of the prin- 
ciples of the Republican part^', while socially, he 
belongs to the I. O. 0. F., being a member of Jack- 
son Lodge, No. 214, at Whiting. He is one of the 
most influential members of the Christian Church, 
at Whiting, and was largely instrumental in build- 
ing the church edifice in that town, at a time when 
he was financialh' embarrassed. The church cost 
over $3,100, and is one of which the village itself, 
and more especially the members of that particular 
denomination, may well be proud. As is usual in 
such cases, a few were obliged to defraj- most of 
the indebtedness incurred in its erection. 

The home of our subject is made happy by the 
presence in it of an amiable and charming wife, 
together with several, children, the most of whom 
have readied years of maturit}-, and are an orna- 
ment to any society. Josephine has received a 
splendid education, having attended the University 
at Holton and the Atchison Institute. She was 

fitted to teach, and followed that profession for 

five years, and until failure of health compelledVier 
to cease the arduous labors incident to the life of 
a good teacher. David P. married Rosa Cordon, 
and resides on a farm of his own located about six 
miles north of Holton. He and his excellent wife 
are the parents of one child. Mary received her 
education at the Campbell Normal University, and 
makes a specialty of music, in which she is quite 
proficient. Kitty also was a student at the Camp- 
bell Normal Universitj-, and is at present at home. 
William Alva is a young man at home, and assists 
his father in the farm work. Thus happily situ- 
ated, and surrounded by all the good things of 
this life, our subject has every reasonable prospect 
of passing the declining years of his useful exist- 
ence in the enjoyment of such comforts as fall to 
the lot of men. 

prominent representatives of the press in 
Pottawatomie County, may be mentioned 
the gentleman with whose name we intro- 
duce this sketch, and who is the able and [efficient 
editor of the Butler City Neics, a paper published 
in Blaine, in the interest of the Republican party. 
Although yet in his early manhood, Mr. Kavanagh. 
by sturdy industry and honorable dealing with all 
men, as well as by the constant practice of a ready 
tact and political shrewdness, has reached his pres- 
ent enviable position, not only as a newspaper 
editor of rare ability, but as a gentleman possessing 
many admirable traits of mind and heart. 

Not only has Mr. Kavanagh become prominently 
identified with newspaper interests, but has devoted 
considerable time to farming, and is now tiie owner 
of 160 acres of valuable land in Pottawatomie 
County, which he has improved from season to 
season, embellishing it with farm buildings and 
planting out fruit and shade trees. 

Of Irish descent, our subject inherits the bold, 
sturdy characteristics of his race, and was born in 
New York City, July 17, 1864, to Michael J.J. 
and Rosanna (Carey ) Kavanagh, natives of Dublin, 
Ireland, and emigrants in early life to the land be- 




yoiifl the waters, the resort of so many of their 
nationality. Their marriage was celebrated in Al- 
bany. N. Y., after which they removed to Jlilwan- 
kee, "Wis., and later to Madison, tiie father being a 
dry-goods merchant. For a time they sojourned 
in Lenox, Mass., and afterward removed to New 
York Cil3% which continued to be their home until 
1879, when they decided to seek a home in the Far 
West, as Kansas was then, and, indeed, is yet con- 
sidered by the people along the Atlantic Coast. 
Upon coming to Kansas they located in Pottawato- 
mie Count}-, upon a farm near Blaine. 

Of the ten children born to the parents of our 
subject, one alone survives— the gentleman of 
whom we write. He was educated at De LaSalle 
Institute, in New York City, and was bred to mer- 
cantile pursuits. The date of his arrival in Blaine 
was July 1, 1880, and there he soon became inter- 
ested in farming. In 188(5 lie leased a page of the 
Olsburg News Letter, whicii he edited in the inter- 
ests of the jjeople of Blaine and vicinity, and which 
was bright, newsy, and tilled with items of interest 
and instruction. 8o favorably was it received, and 
so much encouragement was given our subject that 
he resolved to publish it separately, and accord- 
ingly, in M.ay, 1889, issued the first number of the 
Butler Cit\' News, which lias a constantly increas- 
ing list of subscribers, and is recognized as an 
influential organ of the Re|)ublican party in Potta- 
watomie County. Mr. Kavanagh is a member of 
the Pottawatomie County Editorial Association, 
alsoof the Northwestern Association, and 
has before him the prospect of attaining eminence 
in his particular line of work. He finds his relig- 
ious home in the Catholic Church, which was also 
the religion of his parents and ancestors. 

iy?_^ON. ALBERT C. MERRITT. No raon 
'll )| popular man can be found in Pottawatomii 
'iw County, than the Hon. A. C. Merrilt, jf)in 
((^ propri 

rietor of the Louisville Roller Mill, and 
interested with his partner, Jacob W. Arnold, in 
the grain business in Wamego. lie is widely known 
for the ability with which he has filled public 
oflices, and especially as i member of the .State 

Legislature, to which he was elected on the straight 
Democratic ticket, by 12.5 majoritj-, in a district 
tliat usually gave five times as great a majoritj- in 
favor of the candidates of the Republican party. 
The good judgment and straightforward dealing of 
i\Ir. Merritt are shown in the conduct of his busi- 
ness affairs, and are oven more conspicuous during 
his incumbenc\' of any public office, while his af- 
fable manners and varied knowledge, justly entitle 
him to the popularity which he enjoys, not only in 
this county, but wherever he is known. 

The parents of our subject were n.atives of the 
Empire State, in which tliej' were married, and 
where they resided until 1833. They then removed 
to Cass County, Mich., and there resided until 
death. The father, William R. Merritt, was a 
farmer and general merchant, and he survived un- 
til 1885. The mother bore the maiden name of 
Adelia Keeler, and her death took place in 1880. 

Hon. Mr. Merritt was born in Cass County, Mich., 
March 9, 1849, and is the eighth in a famil}- of ten 
children. He received a common-school education 
in the district schools, and grew to manhood in his 
native State, remaining under the parental roof un- 
til he was of age. He then began life for himself on 
a farm, his father furnishing him a team and giving 
him one-fourth the crops. After carrying on the 
home farm for a year, he bought a place, making a 
partial payment on it, and operating it for four 
3'ears. being able to paj' the balance due on it at 
the end of two 3'ears. It was a heavily timbered 
farm, and he cleared off tliirt.y-five acres of it him- 
self. During three j-ears of this time he also car- 
ried on the home farm. Selling out at the expira- 
tion of the time noted, he went to Bristol, Ind., 
and spent six months working in his father's store 

During the Centennial j'ear, Mr. Merritt came to 
this State, and locating in Louisville, bought a half- 
interest in the mill property in company with his 
brother, J. 8. Merritt. The partnership continued 
until the fall of 1884, when our subject bought his 
brother's interest, and was the sole proprietor until 
the spring of 1888, when his present partnei-, Hon. 
J. W. Arnold, became a half-owner. J. S. Merritt 
died in 188;j. The mill was erected in 186.5, re- 
modeled in 1879, again in 1881, and 1888-89. It 



is now a full roller system, and has the most mod- 
ern of improved maclilnery, giving a capacity of 
seventy-five barrels per day. It is furnished with 
both steam and water power, the latter, a twenty- 
two foot iieadlbeing the best water power in the 
county. The mill is doing a;splendid business, and 
since it was last remodeled," lias 'run continuously 
night and day, employing a force of five men. 

At tlie liome of Almiron Storey, in Cass County, 
Mich., Aug. 1, 1871, tlie gentleman of whom we 
wite, was united in marriage with Miss Elvia J. 
.Storey, daughter of the host. Mrs. Storey was the 
second in a family of three children, and was born 
Jan. 25, 1850, in the county in which her mar- 
riage took place. Her father, a prominent farmer 
of Cass County, was gathered to his fathers in 
1872, and the widowed mother now makes her home 
witli lier daughter, Mrs. Merritt. The happy union 
of our subject and bis wife, has been blessed by the 
birth of two children, only one of whom is now liv- 
ing. Myrtle, who was born in Louisville, Aug. 22. 
1 877. B3' her mother, who is an intelligent and re- 
fined ladj', the daughter is being instructed in all 
womanly graces and virtues, while all possible edu- 
cational advantages are given her. Mr. Merritt 
belongs to the A. F. & A. M., in Wamego, and 
to the I. O. O. F. in this place, being Treasurer in 
the latter order. He is at present a member of the 
City Council, and Treasurer of the School Board, 
and has frequently served as Mayor of this cit}-. 
He is much interested in politics, and until the 
year 1888, had always voted the Democratic ticket. 
Now lie is strongly in favor of Prohibition. He 
still agrees with the Democratic party on the tariff 
question, but left their ranks because of their stand 
in regard to the liquor traffic. In 1883, he re- 
presented the oCth District in the State Legislature. 
In 1885, R. S. Hicks, wlio was a short time before 
elected to the Senate, moved away, and Mr. 
Merritt was nominated in his place. Although this 
county generally gives from GOO to 800 Republican 
majoritj', Mr. Merritt carried it liy a majority of 
ninety-one, after running witliuuta canvass. This 
circumstance proves his unbounded popularity, and 
• his high repute among even his political oijponents. 
Both Mr. and ]Mis. Mefritt are members of the Con- 
gregational Church, and teachers in the Sunday- 

school department. Mr. Merritt is also Superin- 
tendent of a Mission Sundaj'-school six miles 
distant, and is a Trustee in his churcli. 

Among the portraits of influential residents and 
representative citizens of Pottawatomie Countj', we 
are pleased to present that of Sir. Merritt, who, by 
his honorable and successful "career, has won the 
highest regard and unlimited confidence of his as- 
sociates. Beside his portrait, appears that of his 
wife, whose interests aie identified with his own. 

i^^HOMAS .J. CIIEVIS. a member of the firm 
of Green, Chevis & Co., extensive dealers 
in hardware, having a well-appointed, well- 
stocked store in Holton, has for many 3'ears been a 
resident of Jackson County, and has vigorously 
aided in promoting its social, political and material 
advancement. He was for a long time identified 
with its agricultural interests, developing and im- 
proving a fine farm in Garfield Township. A Ken- 
tuckian b.y birth, our subject was born Aug. 21, 
1830, in the town of Carlisle, Nicholas County. 
His father, the Hon. Thomas M. Chevis, was born 
in Spotlsylvania County, Va., Oct. 2, 1806, a son 
of Thomas M. Chevis. The grandfather of our 
subject was an opulent Virginian planter and slave- 
owner. He sold his plantation in the Old Domin- 
ion, and removing to Kentucky with his family an'l 
slaves, was a pioneer of Nicholas County, where he 
bougiit a tract of land, which he cleared and im- 
proved into a farm, upon which he lived till the 
close of his life. 

The father of our subject inherited slaves from 
his father, besides other property. He also became 
a pioneer, removing with liis family to Clay 
County, Mo., in 1835, and subsequently locating 
on the Platte Purchase, as one of the first settlers 
of the village of Barry. He entered land from the 
Government, and bought other tracts, and became 
a large land-owner. Barry is located on the county 
line between Platte and Clay Counties, and by a 
special act of the legislature his residence was de- 
clared to be in Clay County. He engaged in the 
mercantile business, besides superintending the im- 
provement of his farm, which lie worked by slave 



labor, althous:li he never bought or sold a slave. 
He was a man of [jromiueiice, both in business cir- 
cles and in public life, and he filled many oflices of 
trust, and was a resident of Barry until his deatii. 

From an obituary taken from a local paper we 
extract the following: "Judge Chevis was one of 
ihose kind of men whose place in society is verj* 
difiicult to fill, he having lived for many years an 
exemplar}' Christian life, being a member of the 
Christian Church at Barry, Clay County, Mo., for 
many years, and one of the working members, hav- 
ing been an Elder fur fifteen or twent}' years, and 
always at his post. The Judge was a farmer by 
profession, a kind, affectionate Jiusband and indul- 
gent father; affable, kind and agreeable with all 
his neighbors and acquaintances. To know him 
was to admire and esteem him — he was upright 
and honorable in all the walks of life. He died as 
he had lived, with an unshaken faith in the merits 
of a crucified Redeemer, in whom he had long since 
put his trust. Retaining to the last moments of 
his life the use of his reasoning powers, calling liis 
deeply afflicted wife and children around his dying 
bed, he commended them to the protection of the 
Saviour, and offered up a prayer in their behalf, 
requesting them to prepare to meet him in Heaven. 
Then closing his eyes, his soul took its (light into 
the spirit land, to enjoy blessings consequent upon 
a well spent life, where sickness, sorrow, pain and 
death are feared and felt no more. 

"Tlie Judge leaves a kind, affectionate wife and 
four children to mourn, but not as those who have 
no hope, for their loss is his gain. Judge Chevis 
was born in Spottsylvauia County, Va., Oct. 2, 
1806, emigrated to Clark County, Ky., and thence 
to Clay County, Mo., in 1835, where he lias resided 
ever since up to the time of his death. He was a 
member of the County Court of Clay for a number 
of years, and was honored with a seat in the Leg- 
islature of Kentucky, and filled several civic offices 
with credit to himself. But his labors are over, 
he has passed away. His voice will no longer be 
heard in the church nor in the civil walks of life, 
but his memory will live in the breasts of all those 
with whom he had to do. He bore his affliction 
with that Christian fortitude which marked his 
whole life. He lias, we believe, received that wel- 

come 'Now thy labors are o'er, come up and enjoy 
the rest prepared for the righteous from the be- 
giningof the world.' 

" 'God moves in a mysterious way 
His wonders to perform.' 

•Let angels before him prostrate fall 
And crown him Lord of all.' " 

The maiden name of the mother of our subject 
was Annie C. Hughes, and she was a daughter of 
David Hughes. She was born either in Bourbon 
or Clark County, Ky., and died at the home farm 
in Bariy, Mo. 

Thomas Chevis, of this biography, was reared in 
Missouri, and received his education in the local 
schools that were taught on the subscription plan, 
and in the William Jewel Academy at Liberty. 
At the age of seventeen he entered his uncle G. L. 
Hughes' drug store fn that town, and clerked for 
him five j-ears. At the expiration of that time he 
became a clerk in a dry-goods store in Liberty, re- 
taining that situation four years. We next hear of 
him in St. Louis, where he obtained a situation as 
1st Clerk on a steamer plying between St. Louis 
and Keokuk. He was thus engaged five seasons, 
and in 1854 again accepted a position in a drj'- 
goods store in Clay County, Mo., in the town of 
Barry, continuing as clerk there two j'ears. His 
next important step in life was his marriage, in 
September. 1856, to Miss Anna Woods, a native of 
Howard County, Mo., and a daughter of Adam 
C. and Mary (Wilson) Woods. Their pleasant 
wedded life has been blessed to them 'oy the birth 
of six children : Mary A., wife of J. W. Lewis, of 
Jackson County; Martha J., wife of Simeon Woods, 
of Holton; Susan W., wife of Isaiah Berket, of 
Jackson County: Charles A., Thomas M.. and 

After marriage our subject settled down to the 
life of a farmer, buying a farm in Platte County, 
three miles west of Barry, and he was prosperously 
engaged in farming there until 1871. After dis- 
posing of his property in Platte County, Mr. Chevis 
came to this State, and to Jackson County, and 
purchased a farm in what is now Garfield Town- 
ship, three miles east of Holton. He carried on 
agricultural pursuits in that place with good finan- 
cial success for several years. Deciding to make 



his home for the future in Holton. he sold his Gar- 
fiekl Township property at a gootl advance, it hav- 
ing greatl}' increased in value under his skillful 
management, and in 1884 he tooli up his residence 
in tliis city. He was soon appointed Deputy 
County Clerk, and served a little more than a vear 
with entire satisfaction to all concerned. In 1886 
he ncceiiled a position as clerk in a hardware store, 
and in 1?S8S. in tlie month of December, formed the 
l)artnership indicated in the opening lines of tliis 
review. The firm carries an excellent stock of hard- 
ware, has its full share of patronage, and has ac- 
quired a higii reputation for honorable dealings in 
business circles. 

Mr. Chevis is a stalwart Democrat in his political 
belief, and gives hearty and liberal sup|)ort to his 
parly. He is connected with the A. F. & A. M.. a 
member of Holton Lodge, No. 42. He and his wife 
are members of the Christian Church, and contrib- 
ute generously to its support, and arc always found 
among the foremost in any good work in which 
they interest themselves. Mr. Chevis is considered 
a man of sound sense, as well as of moral rectitude, 
and one who can be depended upon as entirely 
trustworthy, and as a steadfast friend, than which 
no higher praise can be given. 

EDWIN M. SHERMAN. The farming- and 
stock-raising interests of Lone Tree Town- 
1 ship recognize a worthy representative in 

the subject of this notice, a pioneer of 1870 who 
came to the Sunflower State in November, thatj-ear, 
and settled upon his present farm which comprises 
the east half of the northeast quarter of section 4. 
Thrifty, industrious and enterprising, he battled 
with the usual difficulties of life in a new country 
during the struggling days of Kansas, and has con- 
tributed his quota to her growth and prosperity. 
He feels a commendable pride in this great common- 
wealth, nhose sons have nobly stood by her side 
through sunshine and storm and who to-day liave 
reason to congratulate themselves upon their 

We find by glancing at the parental history of 
Mr. Sherman, that he is the son of Abner M. and 

Mary S. (Manchester) Sherman, the former of 
whom was a New Englander Ijy birth and descent, 
and the latter a native of New Brunswick. Abner 
Sherman was liorn in Vermont, May 11, 1800, and 
was reared among the hills of the Green Moun- 
tain State. Being of an ambitious cast of mind he 
turned his eyes toward the far West at an early date, 
resolved to cast in his lot with the venturesome spir- 
its who were migrating hither. He selected his lo- 
cation in Winnebago County, 111., and remained a 
bachelor until nearly thirty-eight years old. On 
the 2d of March, 1838. he was united in marriage 
with Jliss Mar}' Sophia Manchester, who was her 
husband's junior by nearl}' twenty j-ears, having 
been born March 20, 1820. They settled on what is 
now part of the township of Rockford. 111., where the 
elder Sherman had secured 160 acres of land. He 
carried on farming in Illinois until about 1863 and 
was recognized as one of the leading citizens in his 
community, being honest, industrious and a life-long 
member of the Baptist Church. He came to Kansas 
in 1870. and died in Lone Tree Township, Potta- 
watomie Count}-, Sept. 6, 1883, when past eighty- 
three years old. His wife Mary is stdl living and is 
in the seventieth year of her age; she makes her 
home with her daughter in Lone Tree Township. 
She likewise has been a life-long member of the 
Baptist Church. 

Edwin M. Sherman is the youngest of the three 
surviving children of his parents, the other two 
being James E. and Mrs. Kate Tunison, wife of 
Wardell W. Tunison, a resident of Lone Tree Town- 
ship. Edwin M. was born in Winnebago County, 
111., March 8, 1845, and was there reared to man's 
estate, assisting his father on the farm and acquiring a 
practical education in the common school. He was 
but a youth of seventeen years upon the breaking 
out of the Rebellion and on the 9th of August, 
1862, enlisted in the Union army as a member of 
Company H, 74th Illinois Infantry, which he soon 
joined in Kentucky and soon afterward participated 
in the battles of Champion Hill, Stone River, Chat- 
tanooga, Missionary Ridge and Chickamauga. He 
was with the detachment that was sent to the 
relief of Burnside at Knoxville, and subsequently 
participated in all of the engagements of the Atlanta 
campaign, his corps being the one which tore up 



the railroad running- out of Atlanta, thus forcing 
the Confederates who were within the city to de- 
stroy eighty carloads of amniLinition and supplies. 
Later he was under the command of General 
Thomas during his campaign in Tennessee, taking 
part in the two engagements at Nashville and the 
bloody fight at Franklin. Young Sherman was 
always to be found at his post and on the 1st of 
May, 1865, was promoted to Corporal. Prior to 
this, July 4, 1864, he was wounded at the battle of 
Peach Tree Creek, Ga. but soon recovered and re- 
joined his regiment. After the close of the war he 
received his honorable discharge, being mustered 
out .Tune 10, 1865. 

After leaving the army Mr, Sherman settled iu 
AVinnebago County, 111., where he engaged iu farm- 
ing and sojourned until 1870. In November of that 
3'ear he came to Kansas and secured the land 
which he now owns and occupies. He was aecom- 
pied by his young wife, to whom he had been 
married in Winnebago County, 111., June 20, 1869. 
.She was formerly Miss Betsey, daughter of Ben- 
jamin Allen, who has for some years been a resi- 
dent of Pottawatomie Count3', Kan. Mr. and Mrs. 
Sherman were reared together from childhood and 
of their congenial union there have been born eight 
children, namely : Ella. Edward, Elmer, Eli, Mary 
Jane, Asa, Glad\s and Letitia. Jlr. and Mrs. 
Sherman with their two eldest children are mem- 
bers in good standing of the Baptist Church. 
Politically. Mr. Sherman supports the princii)les 
of the Republican Part}-. 

line farms of Franklin Townshii) is owned 
bj- the subject of tliis sketch, who settled 
upon it in 1870, shortly after his marri.age. He 
was reared on a farm, and has alwa^'s followed 
.agricultural [ivirsuits. He brought to the cultiva- 
tion of his own place the experience gained iu 
early life, and added to it the enthusiasm that 
usually urges a man to do his best for that which 
is to be his home and the dwelling-place of those 
who arc dependent upon him. Energy, industry 
and wise economy have transformed the wild prai- 

rie where the Indian roamed in search of game, to 
the fields of waving corn, with plumy banners 
tossed aloft to catch the golden sunlight or nod a 
friendly welcome to every passing breeze, and 
acres of }'ellow grain hanging tlieir heavy lieads as 
though mindful of the iluty of providing sus- 
tenance for the master, man. 

Mr. Brassbridge is the owner of 206 acres of 
land on section 26, upon which he has made good 
improvements and erected a fine lot of buildings, 
enough to shelter his stock and farm productions, 
and has also a handsome, well-built modern house 
for the dwelling-place of himself and famllj'. In 
addition to fruit trees, he has a fair amount of land 
devoted to the purpose of tree culture, which 
serves the double i)urpose of affording shelter to 
the stock of tlij farm and of furnishing fuel for 
domestic uses. 

Our subject was born Nov. 11, 1848. in Lee 
County, Iowa, on the farm of his father, George 
W. Brassbridge. The latter was a native of New 
York. The mother of our subject was Elizabeth 
Gibeson, a native of New Jersey. Mr. and Mrs. 
G. W. Brassbridge, Sr., first settled in Lee County, 
lowa.where they remained some years, then removed 
to Kansas, and located on section 26 in what was 
then Calhoun Count}', but is now Jackson County. 
Their home was in what is now Franklin Township, 
and they passed the remainder of their lives in 
that place. The death of Mr. Brassbridge took 
place in the fall of 1864, and that of Mrs. Brass- 
bridge Dec. 24, 1888. They had only two children, 
of whom our subject was the elder. 

When the jsarents of Mr. Brassbridge removed 
to Kansas in July. 185G, he accompanied them, 
and. as before stated, remained at home until his 
marriage, when he started in life for himself. On 
the 21st of December, 1870, our subject and Miss 
Harriet Jones were united in the bonds of matri-. 
mon}'. She is a daughter of Harlan C. and Ruth 
H. (Zell) Jones and born in Indiana, Nov. 20, 
1852. The parents of Mrs. Brassbridge vvere na- 
tives of Alabama and Virginia respectively. They 
first located in Warren County, Ohio, and then re- 
moved to Pike County, Ind. In the fall of 1 855 the}" 
emigrated to what is now J.ackson County. Kan., 
and settled in Cedar Township, where he died April 



12, 1 870. Mrs. Jones survives, at an advanced age. 
They were the parents of ten children, of whom 
Mrs. Brassbridg-e was the ninth. 

Mr. and Mrs. Brassbridge are the parents of seven 
cliildren, of whom one, George Lorin, is in heaven. 
Their names in order of birth are here given as 
follows: Bertha A., born Oct. 27, 1871 ; Lenna E., 
Jan. 12, 1873; Ruth L., Sept 8, 1874; Myrtle M., 
Oct. 7, 1876; George Lorin, born May 27. 1879, 
died Feb. 5, 1889; Harriet E., born Jan. 22, 1881; 
and Clyde E., April 2. 1884. In politics Mr. Brass- 
bridge is a stalwart Republican. He is a member 
of the Farmers' Alliance, and Mrs. Brassbridge is a 
conscientious member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. As a family, they stand high in the 
esteem of the communitj". and tiieir influence is al- 
ways felt for good. 

JOSEPH HILL, a native of Missouri, was 
born in Andrew County, April 2, 1843. His 
parents, William C and Mclinda (Wells) 
Hill, were born in Tennessee. They were 
married, and made their first home in Pettis County, 
Mo., whence they removed to Andrew County, the 
same .State. Their third and last removal was 
to Doniphan County. Kan., in which place Mrs. 
Hill died, in November, 18G2. Mr. Hill is still a 
resident of that couut3', his home being on section 
30. Burr Oak Township. Mr. and Mrs. William 
C. Hill were the parents of six children, two sons 
and four daughters. Joseph was the second child 
of the familj-, and lived with his parents on the 
farm, in Andrew County, Mo., until April. 1855, 
when he accompanied them to Doniphan County, 

Our subject remained under the parental roof 
until Aug. 2, 18G2. That most terrible scourge of our 
nation, the Civil War.had then been raging through- 
out the land for more than a year, and the friends 
of the Union were greatlj' depressed at the prospect 
of a much less speedy termination of the struggle 
than had been hoped for a year before. On the date 
given above, which was, perhaps, the most gloomy 
period of the war for the Northern army, our sub- 

ject, believing that diit}' called him to the assist- 
ance of his patriotic brethren, who were striving 
to maintain the honor of the old flag against the 
hordes who would have gladly trailed it in the 
dust, enlisted in Company A, 13th Kansas Infantry-, 
and served from that time forward to the close of 
the war. He mustered out of service, June 
2G, Little Rock, Ark., and returned shortly 
afterward to the farm in Doniphan County, Kan. 

Mr. Hill has many interesting experiences to re- 
late of the conflict when '-Greek met Greek." but 
only one can be given here. During the time that 
the contending forces were disputing possesssion 
of the soil of Arkansas, alternately fighting and re- 
treating, our subject was unfortunately attacked 
with malarial fever, and sent to the hospital at 
Cane Hill. A sudden sortie of the Confederate 
troops surprised the Union wing stationed there, 
and compelled them to retreat without being able 
to carry off their sick, who thus fell into the hands 
of the enemy and were claimed as prisoners. A 
few hours, however, sufficed to rally the Union 
forces, and the}', in turn, fell on the Confederates 
and drove them from their position, rescuing the 
prisoners before they had experienced much of the 
unpleasantness of their condition. 

Upon the return of Mr. Hill to Doniphan County, 
he resumed the business of farming, remaining there 
until 1879, when he removed to Jackson Countj-, 
Kan., and settled in Soldier Township, in which 
place he rented a farm for four j'ears. At the ex- 
liiration of that time he went to Liberty Town- 
ship, and located on section 26, where he has since 
resided. He owns 160 .acres of laml, under good 
cultivation, and otherwise improved. 

iSIr. Hill and Miss Annie E. Majors were mar- 
ried. Oct. 7.1881, in St. Joseph. Mo. Mrs. Hill 
was born in Doniphan County, Kan.. Sept. 4, 1860, 
and is a sweet, loveable woman, who has hosts of 
friends. The union has been fruitful in the birth 
of four children, who are named respectively: 
John C, Jesse R., Gracie and Joseph 0. Jesse 
R. died when about one year old. Mr. Hill was 
elected Township Trustee in 1886, and has served 
ever since that time. He also filled the some office 
for three years while a resident of Burr Oak Town- 
ship. He is a member of Will Mendell Post, No. 



46. G. A. R., also of the A. O. U. W., and was a 

inembcr of the Farmers' Alliance while a resident 
of Doniijhan County. Our subject is highl\' es- 
teemed lij iiis neighliors and friends, both in his 
capacit}' as a public servant, and in his private re- 
lations as a citizen and gentleman. 

\f OSEPH DEGRAW. This gentleman is a 
I ! member of the well-known Degraw family 

di which came to Pottawatomie County, twenty 
I ' years before the building of a railroad in 
this region, and before the present flourishing town 
of Oiiaga had an existence. He removed thither 
with his family from Clayton County. Iowa, where 
he had lived for twenty years, and imi)roved a farm 
from a tract of school land. Since coming to Kan- 
sas, he has been greatly prospered, being now the 
owner of 400 broad acres, lying on either side of 
the A'ermilion River, well-stocked and in a high 
state of cultivation. There is probably not a finer 
estate in Mill Creek Township, lying as it does in 
the vicinity of Onaga, on section 35, and being 
well-watered by the Vermilion River. 

The subject of this sketch was born near the city 
of Rochester. N. Y., May 13, 1822, and is the son 
of .Samuel Degrav?, a native of Delaware. The lat- 
ter descended from Holland-Dutch stock, and was 
the son of Cornelius Degraw, who was likewise a 
native of Holland, and whose ancestry flourished in 
the Netherlands generations ago. After emigrating 
to America, Cornelius Degraw was married, and 
spent the greater part of his life thereafter in the 
State of Delaware. Prior to his death, however, 
be removed across the border into Canada, and 
there died in the Province of Ontario, together 
with his estimable wife, when ripe in years. 

Samuel Degraw was one of a large familj' born 
to his parents, and spent his boyhood and youth in 
Delaware. There he was also married to Miss Eliza- 
beth Utle^-, who of ancestrj^ similar to himself, 
and born in the same State. After they became 
the parents of two children, they removed to the 
vicinity of Rochester, N. Y.. where their son, .Jo- 
seph was added to the household circle. A few 
years later they went into the Dominion, settling 

in the London district. Province of Ontario, and 
where the mother died when about sixty years old. 
Samuel Degraw, after the death of his wife went to 
the home of his daughter, Mrs. Wealthy Whiting, 
in Michigan, and died there when past eighty 3-ears 
of age. Both he and his estimable wife had 
been lifelong members of the Methodist Episcopal 

After his father's removal to Canada, .Toseph De- 
graw sojourned with the family until his marriage 
to Miss Jaue Gregg. This lad}' was born near 
Lancashire, Lower Canada, Aug. 15, 1825. and was 
the daughter of Reuben and Mary (Bruce) Gregg, 
who were natives of Vermont. Reuben Gregg was of 
Irish extraction, and his wife of Scotch descent, and 
American parentage. Mr. and Mrs. Crregg went 
to Canada when young people, and were married 
in the citv of Montreal, where Mr. Gregg Ijegan 
life .as a carpenter. Later they removed to Upper 
Canada, settling in the London district, where they 
sojourned until 1847. They then came over into 
the States with tiieir daughter and son-in-law. Mr. 
and Mrs. Degraw of this sketch. They died in 
Clayton County, Iowa, both having passed their 
fourscore years. Mr. Gregg, religiously, was a 
stanch Presbyterian, while his wife held to the doc- 
trines of the Methodist Episcop:il Church. 

To the parents of Mrs. Degraw there was born a 
large family. She likewise is tlie mother of eleven 
children, two of whom. Clarinda and Walter, died 
young; Jonas married an Iowa lady, and is living 
in Kossuth County, that State, following his trade 
of a blacksmith at Whittemore; Reuben married 
Miss Mary Williams, and they live on a farm in 
Stafford County, this State; Glendore married .Miss 
Mary Wise, and they reside on a farm in Oregon; 
George W. married Eliza J. Thomas, and is a pros- 
perous farmer of Mill Creek Township; he is repre- 
sented elsewhere in this work. Samuel Byron 
married Miss Anna Bothel. and the}- live in Hen- 
nesay. Indian Ter.; Maiy G. is the wife of Eugene 
Gillett, a farmer of Mill Creek Township; Sanford 
A. married Miss Reaca Schroder, and lived on a 
farm in Saguache County, Colo; he was a large 
cattle farmer until his death, which occurred Dec. 
21, 1889. Etta H is the wife of E. C. Dower, a 
grocery man of Pueblo, Colo; Warren O. marrieil 



Miss E. Guffa, and was in the cattle business with 
his brother Sanford in Colorado, until the death of 
the latter. 

Mrs. Degraw is a member of the Congregational 
Church, and Mr. Degraw politically, votes the 
straight Rei)ublican ticket, and is considered one of 
the representative men of his township. With re- 
ference to the death of their son, Sanford, we in- 
sert the following clipping from one of tlie local 
papers: "Joseph Degraw and wife returned from 
their trip to Saguache, Colo., last Friday, accom- 
panied by the two eldest daughters of their son, 
Sanford, who recentl}' died at that place, and 
tlie news of whose critical illness was the cause 
of their trip. They started immediately upon the 
receipt of tlie sad news, but arrived only to find 
that their beloved son had passed away, and his re- 
mains consigned to their last resting place. It 
was a sore affliction to these aged people to be thns 
suddenly bereft of a beloved son, and the more 
that they were denied the sad satisfaction of hold- 
ing him by the hand, and whispering words of hoi)e 
and cheer as his feel neared the dark river. His 
death was calm and peaceful, with no fears of the 
great hereafter to opi)ress his dying moments. In 
answer to a question in regard to his soul's welfare, 
he replied: "I build my hopes on nothing less than 
Jesus' blood and righteousness." The many friends 
of the deceased in this city and vicinitj', express 
and trul}' feel, the liveliest sympathy for the be- 
reaved family, and deepl}' regret the untimely de- 
cease of this worthy young man." 


I ES.SE E. ELLIOTT. The pioneer history of 
Jackson County would be wholly- incom- 
(ilete witliout due mention of Mr. I^lliott, a 
veteran of nearly sixtj'-two years, whose 
foot pressed the soil of Kansas Territory as early 
as 1856. In the spring of that j'ear he came, with 
his wife and three children, to what is now Jack- 
son, but was then known as Calhoun Countj'. He 
entered a claim from the Government in tlie north- 
east corner of section 8, in wiiat is now Liberty 
Township, put up a log cabin and set about the 
improvemeut of his property. The country around 

him was in its primitive state, abounding in wild 
animals and Indians, and gave little evidence of 
its future greatness. The sturdy pioneer saw be- 
fore him hardsiiip, labor and privation, but he 
proved equal to the emergency and came off with 
flying colors. 

Tiic subject of this notice was born in Alabama, 
Dec. 5, 1827. When he was but an infant his par- 
ents removed to Marion County, Mo., where he 
lived until a youth of sixteen j-ears. Then starting 
out for himself he emigrated to Memphis, Tenn., 
where he spent one winter, working with his father. 
who was a carpenter. In the spring of 1844 the 
family all removed to Mississippi, where young 
Elliott remained about one 3'ear, and then went 
back to Missouri and located in Platte County. In 
the spring of 1845 hecommencetl farming for him- 
self, and sojourned there for a period of ten 3'ears. 

In the meantime, when eighteen and one-half 
years old, Mr. Elliott was married, on the 3d of 
Maj', 1846, to Miss Elmira Cook. This lady was 
born in Tennessee, Sept. 21, 1826. In the spring 
of 1856, Mr. Elliott, with his wife and family, set 
out for Kansas, and his subsequent movements we 
have already indicated. They have been pros- 
pered in their labors, and have now a snug home- 
stead of 110 acres, where they live comfortaljh- 
and enjoy the respect of all who know them. Mr. 
Elliott at one time was the owner of 360 acres of 
land. Their first humble dwelling long since gave 
way to a more modern residence, and the rude 
sheds which he first erected have been supplanted 
by other structures, better adapted to the shelter 
of stock and the storage of grain. 

There were born to this worthy couple eight 
children, only four of whom lived to mature years: 
Josiah J. is farming in Jefferson Township; Charles 
A. operates a good farm in Liberty Township; 
Laura J. is the wife of David Keyser, of Nemaha 
County, Kan. ; Jesse E. is a blacksmith b}- trade, 
and cast his lot with the new settlement in Okla- 
homa. Mr. Elliott cast his first Presidential vote 
for Cass, and has alwa\s maintained his allegiance 
to the Democratic party. In former years he was 
a Constable in Liberty To'wnship, and also heUl the 
offices of Trustee and School Director. Both he 
and his estimable wife are prominently connected 



with the United Brethren Church. During their 
residence of thirt3'-three years in tlie Sunflower 
State they have witnessed scenes, and undergone 
experiences which, if properly detailed, would fill 
a good-sized volume. While enduring the liard- 
ships and privations of life on tlie frontier, they also 
assisted in the growth and development of their 
adopted Slate, and their names will be held in 
kindly remembrance long after they have been 
gathered to their fathers. 

P^NRY PITCHER, now deceased, became a 
resident of Pottawatomie County in April, 
1865, settling in what is now Grant Town- 
'^y) ship when it was an almost unbroken prairie, 
and when Indians were frequent callers at the few 
scattered homes in this vicinity. He first procured 
eighty acres of fine prairie land for which he was 
obliged to go in debt, but being thrifty and hard 
working, he was ere long enabled to pay his indebt- 
edness and secure an additional eighty acres, finally 
adding another forty acres, and putting the whole 
under improvement, suppljing it with good stock 
in sufiieient numbers, and erecting upon it a suit- 
able set of buildings. The place is well watered 
and its soil is capable of producing most excellent 
crops. While enduring the trials which fall to the 
lot of a poor man in a new country, Mr. Pitcher 
lived not for himself alone, but for the future good 
of his famil}', taking an intelligent interest in the 
growth and development of the count\- and rejoic- 
ing in the prosperity which he saw about him. 

The birth of Mr. Pitcher took place in Saxony. 
German)', and his natal day was Feb. 20, 182;i. 
The family of which he was a descendant is an old 
and honorable one in that Kingdom. His father, 
John Pitcher, was a tailor bj' trade and died in 
Saxony when thirty-five years old, his death being 
caused by that dread disease, consumption. He had 
married Effie Magdalina Fox, of Schleswig Hol- 
stein, who survived him thirty-four years, her 
death taking place March 2, 1865, when she had 
reached the age of sixty-nine years. Both parents 
were life-long members of the Lutheran Church. 

The parental family was made up of five sons 

and three daughters, and our subject was the third 
ill order of birth. The family was reduced to the 
widowed mother and four sons in 1848, when the 
survivors set out for the United States on a sailing 
vessel, which was six weeks making the voyage 
across the Atlantic Ocean. After landing in the 
American metropolis, the sous secured a home for 
their mother and then all found work in the ad- 
joining country as farm laborei-s, in this way su|)- 
poting their mother and maintaining themselves 
until all were grown and married. The mother 
was never forgotten by her dutiful sons, but was 
cheerfully and comfortably maintained by them 
until her death which occurred in Indiana. 

Henry Pitcher, in 1848, in Rensselaer Count}', 
N. Y., met and married Miss Louisa AVagner, a 
daughter of George and C. Elizabeth (Graft) AYag- 
ner. The bride was born in Hesse-Darmstadt in 
May, 1830, and was a child of but six years when 
her parents came to the United States, where she 
was reared, remaining with her mother until her 
marriage, when she and her husband settled on a 
farm in the count}- in which their marriage took 
place, remaining there until 1852. They then re- 
moved to Williamsport, AVarren Co., Ind., where 
they lived urilil 1865, when they became residents 
of this townshi|), as before stated. Mrs. Pitcher 
is the mother often children, all still living exce[)t 
Louis, who was accidentally drowned in a cistern 
in the cellar of the house, when he was three years 
old. Three of the children who survive are now 
married and living in homes of their own. Charles 
liecame the husband of Miss Hannah Higgins; 
Adam married Miss Mary S. Shaw; and John, Miss 
Mary DeAVitt; and all are farming in this town- 
ship. AA'illiam and Fred are at home and assist in 
carrying on the farm. Carrie, Matilda, Catherine 
R., and Henry, Jr., complete the home circle. 

The father of Mrs. Pitcher was born in Ilesse- 
Darmstadt and iier mother in the Rhine Provinces. 
They were married in Hesse, and there Mr. AVag- 
ner followed the trade of a wagon-maker until 
1836, when with his wife and thi-ee children he 
took passage for America. One son. George Jr., 
remained with a wealthy uncle in Germany, while 
Jacob, John and Louisa accompanied tlieir parents 
to the I'nited Stales, The voyage was made on a 



sailer, and three months was consumed in the pas 
sage from Bremer Haven to New York City. After 
landing Mr. Wagner settled on a farm in Rensse- 
laer County, N. Y., and continued his agricultural 
pursuits there until his death, which occurred in 
1841, he being then forty years of age. One son — 
Petei' — was born to Mr. and Mrs. Wagner in that 
county. The widow continued to reside there 
until 1877, when she was called from earth at the 
ripe age of seventy-five j-ears. Both Mr. and Mrs. 
Wagner were members of the Lutheran Church and 
highly respected people, who learned to love 
America and placed it side by side with their na- 
tive Empire in their affections. 

Mr. Pitchei-, the subject of this sketcli. was a 
Democrat in liis political faith and practice. He 
was a worthy and respected citizen of this county, 
and his death, which took place at his home, 
March 10, 1888, was deeply regretted by his fel- 
low-citizens, who recognized in him an uprightness 
and Christian manhood which won their lasting es- 
teem. He died in the faith of the Methodist 
Church, of which his widow is also a member, the 
comforts of her religion affording her great con- 
solation in her sad bereavement. 

-^ ^-^ ^^ 

fOHN KELLY. Prominent among the self- 
, , made men of Cedar Township, Jackson 
i Count>', is Mr. Kelly, who came to Kansas 
(^^y poor in purse, and who by a course of per- 
severing industry has become well-to-do. He has 
been quite prominent in local affairs, serving as 
Township Treasurer eight 3ears, and has also filled 
the offices of Trustee and Assessor, serving in the 
latter caiiacity his second term at the present time. 
iSociall}', he belongs to the G. A. R., while he and 
his estimable wife are memliers in good standing 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Politically, 
Mv. Kelly is a sound Republican. 

The sulijecl of this sketch was born in West- 
moreland County, Pa., Oct 14, 1840, and was 
reared in the town of Donegal, being educated in 
its common schools. In 1859, when a youth of 
nineteen years, he emigrated to Ohio, and followed 
the occupation of a shoemaker until the outbreak 

of the Civil War. He enlisted the first year, 1861, 
in Company F, 19th Ohio Infantry, which was 
assigned to the Army of the Cumberland, and 
served until the close. Most of the members of the 
regiment then veteranized, Mr. Kelly among the 
rest, and he participated in some very hotly con- 
tested battles, namely : Pittsburg Landing, Stone 
River and others. He suffered considerably from 
illness, and was confined for a time iu the hospital. 
Although experiencing some hair-breadth escapes, 
he was neither wounded nor captured, coming out 
without a scratch after a service of four years and 
three months. He was mustered out at San An- 
tonio, Tex , then returned to Columbus, Ohio, 
where he received his pay and an honorable dis- 

Returning now to Stark County, Ohio, Mr. Kelly 
engaged in farming, and after his marriage, in 
1868, removed to LaGrange County, Ind. Four 
years later he pushed on further Westward into Illi- 
nois, living in Vermillion County one year. In 

1872 he crossed the Mississippi into Northern Kan- 
sas, and was a resident of this county one year. In 

1873 he purchased 120 acres of land on section 24, 
Cedar Township, which constitutes his present 
farm. Here he has erected good buiMings, planted 
an orchard, and effected other improvements, and 
now has a very fertile farm, with plenty of timber 
and well watered. He has been usually successful, 
only suffering from a failure of cruixs in 1874, 
although then his wheat was fairly good. 

The father of our subject was .lohn Kelly, Sr., a 
native of New York State, who removed to Penn- 
sylvania when a young man, and there spent the 
remainder of his life. He was a shoemaker by 
trade, which he followed during his years of active 
lab-iir. He was mniried, in early manhood, to Miss 
Elizabeth Bliss, whose family was original!}' from 
the New England States, but later settled in Penn- 
sylvania. John, .Ir., was the second of four chil- 
dren born of this union, and spent his chiklhood 
and youth in a comparatively uneventful manner 
under the home rofif. Then departing from the 
family hearthstone he came to Kansas, and is the 
only member of his family residing in this State, 
the others remaining in Pennsylvania. The wife of 
Mr. Kelly was. in her girlhood, Miss Elizabeth 



Swan, a (laughter of Levi Swair. a native of Ohio, 
anrl a farmer by occu|)ation. Mrs. Kelly was born 
Feb. 25, 1843, and by her iniion with our subject 
has become the mother of eight children, viz.: 
Orpha, Clara, Olive, Mary, William, Walter and 
Eva. Charles is deceased, dying in infancy. 

-%/W -\tjiC£;®-j@» 

.i-gj^j/zraTt^v^ -\/v»«- 

this gentleman took place in Pottawatomie 
County, and his whole life has been con- 
nected with the interests of this section, 
of which he is now one of the most progressive and 
prosperous farmers. He resides in Mill Creek 
Township, where he owns 700 acres of valuable 
land, the home farm comprising 400 acres located 
on section 9. It is well supplied with living water, 
is well stocked, and furnished with a complete and 
well-built set of farm buildings, and the whole 
estate is conducted in accordance with the intelli- 
gent understanding and approved methods of the 
progressive agriculturist. 

The father of our subject was W. F. Kolterman, 
a native of the Province of Pomerania, Prussia, 
where his birth took place Jan. 23, 1822. There 
he was reared as a Cxerman farmer boy, following 
the occupation in which his father had been en- 
gaged. He lost his mother while he was very 
young, and his father before he had reached man's 
estate. Having reached years of maturity, he was 
united in marriage with Miss Hannah L. Brunkow, 
who was born and reared in the same Province 
with himself. After the birth of three children — 
Christopher, Sophia and William F., Jr. — Mr. and 
Mrs. Kolterman emigrated to the United States in 
1856, landing in New York City some weeks after 
leaving the German port. They atonce journe^'ed 
Westward, and reaching Monroe, Wis., sojourned 
there a year, thence coming to this State, their 
journey being made by ox-team, and requiring some 
weeks' time. They brought with them a couple of 
cows and some household goods, and during the 
trip camped by the wayside for their needed rest 
and refreshment. 

On reaching this county, Mr. Kolterman took a 
pre-emption claim of 160 acres on section 18, Mill 

Creek Township, where he began farming as one 
of the first .settlers of the township. j;ven the 
county was still new and sparsely settled, but he 
lived to see it all converted into pleasant homes, 
wilii towns and villages springing up in their 
midst. He improved a large amount of land, and 
before his death had become the owner of more 
than 1,400 acres. He was not only hard-working 
and oiergetic, but cautious and prudent, and to 
these qualities were due the large measure of suc- 
cess which resulted from his labors. He was an 
excellent citizen, loved and respected by all who 
knew him for his manly and upright character. He 
was a stanch Democrat, and during his life held 
some of tlie minor offices. He and his wife belonged 
to the Lutheran Church, and were among the or- 
ganizers of the society in this part of the county, 
an<1 Mr. Kolterman had been an official member 
most of the time, holding the office of Elder at the 
time of his death, Sept. 15, 1882. Mrs. Kolter- 
man is still living on the old farm, and is quite 
active for one so old. her birth having taken place 
May G, 1824. 

Four children were Ijorn to Mr. and Mrs. Kolter- 
man, Sr.. after their arrival in this State. He 
whose name initiates this notice is the first of these, 
the others being P>nest and Pauline (twins), and 
Lizzie, all still living and married, as are two of 
those who were born in Germany. The eldest 
child, Christian, died soon after the parents came 
to this State, and before he had passed the 3'ears of 

Our subject first opened, his eyes to the light 
Nov. 11, 1857, on his father's homestead in Mill 
Creek Township, where he remained until he be- 
came of age. He was married in Nemaha County, 
to Miss Minnie A. Brunkow, who was born in 
Prussia, July 3, 18G2, and came with her parents — 
William F. and Caroline (Zabel) Brunkow — to the 
United States in 1869. The parents, who arc now 
quite aged, are living in this township, where the 
father has been successfully eugageil in farming. 
Mrs. Minnie Kolterman was reared in this county, 
and was the recipient of the best educational ad- 
vantages to be obtained here, as well as excellent 
home training. She has borne her husband three 
children: Emma L., born March 22, 1886; Otto E,, 



July 29, 1887, and Ella A., May 19, 1889. Im- 
mediately after their marriage, our subject and his 
wife settled at their present place of residence, and 
there the happy family are enjoying the comforts 
of life and the frequent companionship of their 

Mr. Kolterman is a believer in and supporter of 
the principles of the Democratic party. He has been 
Township Trustee and has also held other offices. 
He and his wife belong to the Lutheran Church, 
and not only by the members of the congregation, 
but by their fellow-citizens in general, they are 
held in excellent repute. 


jjp^ IDNEY W. MARTIN. There is not a more 

^^^ beautiful homestead within the limits of 
]ll/_jl) Whiting Township, Jackson County, than 

that belonging to Mr. Martin. The fine 
residence stands upon a rise of ground command- 
ino- an ample view of the outlying towns of Neta- 
waka, Hiawatha and Wliiting, and in point of 
architectural beauty, is scarcely equaled by any- 
thino- in its vicinity. It is two stories in height, 
with double bay windows on the east, and 130 
feet of porch, handsomely finished, the whole 
involving an outlay of ^3,000. This beautiful 
home forms the nucleus of .550 acres of valuable 
laud, all under cultiv.ation, and largely adapted to 
the raising and feeding of cattle, horses and swine, 
Mr. Martin keeping of these usually 100 of the 
first mentioned, 7.') of the second, and 2.50 of the 
third. He has been greatly prospered in his under- 
takings, and is looked upon as one of the leading 
men of this county. 

A Kentuckian b3- birth, the subject of this sketch 
was born in Estill County, that State, Nov. 2, 1846, 
and nine years later, in 185.5, came with his parents 
directly to Kansas. First repairing to Louisville, 
they journeyed thence by a river steamer to St. 
Louis, and from there overland to Bucluinan 
County, Mo., where they sojourned three months. 
They then removed to a point four miles west of 
Atchison, Kan., taking possession of a place which 
the .Mormons had helil, but were forced to leave. 
Atchison at that time consisted of one store, and a 

small number of »ther buildings utilized as saloons. 
The Martin family lived there until Sidney devel- 
oped into manhood, during which time he acquired 
his early education, under the imperfectly con- 
ducted school sj'stem of that time and place. 

]\Ir. Martin was married, in the twenty-second 
year of his age, at Atchison, Feb. 20, 18G8, to Miss 
Molly White. The bride was the daughter of 
George B. and Mary E. (Lindsey) White, both 
natives of Kentuck}', and the father born in Wood- 
ford County. He, too, left the Blue Grass regions 
at an early da}% removing to Missouri, where he 
lived for a period of twenty years, from 1843 to 
1863. He then took up his residence in Atchison. 
where he lived until 1887. 

The maternal grandfather of Mrs. Martin was 
Richard Lindsey, of Carroll County, Ky. Her 
paternal grandparents were William and Mildred 
(Blackburn) White, of Kentucky, the former of 
whom was a son of John White, of Henry County, 
that St.ate. The Blackburns were a noted family, 
possessing more than ordinary- intellectual abilities, 
and furnishing one Governor and one Senator, 
besides numerous other officers to the State. 

The parents of our subject were Jackson H. and 
Polly (Walters) Martin, the latter the daughter of 
Sampson Walters, and the former the son of Rob- 
ert Martin, who descended from one of the -'first 
families of Virginia." Sidney Martin, while a 
young man, being of an adventurous siiirit. had a 
great desire to fight the Indians, and in 1862 went 
with the Twoshaw expedition, taking along a lot 
of goods which he traded for furs, using an ox- 
team for transportation. Subsequently he hauled 
goods to Denver, Col., and then returned as far as 
Ft. Kearney, where he entered the employ of 
another firm and returned to Denver, this trip 
occupying most of the winter. In 1864 he made 
another trij) to Denver, in the employ of one G. T. 
Smith, a hardware merchant at that place. On 
account of a sick child Mrs. Smith could not go in 
the stage, and her husband got ready a team and 
employed Mr. Martin to drive through. At the 
time of starting lliey had no intimation of any 
Indian troubles, but when reaching Big Sandy 
Creek, the_y met the Blue River ranchmen, hasten- 
ing to the settlements with their families, and 



reporting that the savages were on the war path. 
Mr. Martin and his charges staid over night with 
a family, leaving by daybreali. and the following 
night learned that the family wa* murdered after 
they had left. While on the road that morning he 
iiad met a young man who lived near them, whose 
body was afterward found a few hundred yards 
away. Mr. Martin and his party, however, did 
not see any Indians, and the next day arrived at 
Ft. Kearney. On their way thither thej^ overtook 
a train with eleven men and two women, from 
Council Bluffs, and as the scare vvas assuming large 
proportions they remained Witli the train until 
reaching their destination. 

The next day was Sunday, and Mrs. Smithj 
who was a conscientious Presbyterian, wonld not 
allow her escort to drive on thatdav; the re- 
mainder of the train, however, continued on their 
way, and Mr. ilartin and his charge started out 
Monday morning long before daylight, witii a 
good team and a light wagon, and overtook the 
caravan which had pursued its way on the Sab- 
bath. Mr. Martin sto()ped to water his horses 
at a ranche on the way, and while leaving it saw 
the wagons ahead on fire, and the Indians on the 
bluffs. They had descended on the train in the 
night, and killed the eleven men, taking the two 
women captives. There was a slough, and Mr. 
Martin drove down that for quite a distance, and 
in a short time discovered that the red rutliaus iiad 
set fire to the ranch which he had just left, killing 
the proprietor. The Indians were behind him, so 
he put his horses to their best efforts, driving past 
the place where the men of the caravan had been 
killed, and to the next ranch whose buildings had 
also been burned. At the next ranch lie found the 
people all safe, and remained with them that daj'. 
At night soldiers from the fort came to protect 
them. The telegraph had announced that Mrs. 
Smith and her friend were captured by the Indians, 
and their driver killed. They met Mr. Smith on 
the last coach that went through after the sick 
child had died, and finalh' arrived in Denver safe 
and sound. 

The following winter Mr. Martin sojourned in 
Denver, as the Indians were still roaming over the 
country, bent on mischief. In the spring of \H('u>. 

he made a trip to .lulesburg with Government sup- 
l)lies. The next season he went into Montana Ter- 
ritory, where he sojoni'ued four months, in the 
meantime visiting N'irginia City and otlier points. 
He has thus been the eye witness of many thrilling 
scenes on the frontier during the Territorial days. 
In 1867 Mr. Martin returned to Atchison, Kan., 
from Ft. Benton, and the following^-ear was mar- 
ried. Soon afterward he came to Kansas, settling 
in Straight Creek Township. Jackson County, of 
which he was a resident ten years, and opened up 
a farm from the wilderness. He effected good im- 
provements, and lived there until 1878, when he 
purchased that which he now owns and occni)ies. 
He is looked upon as one of the representative men 
of Kansas. A Democrat in politics, he was born 
and bred in the principles of his party, and is a 
man of decided views — one who is not usually 
turned from his convictions. He has been promi- 
nent in local affairs, and at one time was the can- 
didate of his party for Sheriff. He has for many 
years been identified with the Masonic fraternity, 
and with his estimable wife is a member in gr od 
standing of the Baptist Church. Mr. and Mrs. 
Martin have no children of their own, but their 
household includes an adopted son, Robert, a 
nephew of Mr. Martin, who was born in Atlanta, 
Ga., Dec. 11, 1868. 

-•'vv.-^iiizcrtiMg- . 

•'5?^S^^J'0 0»■»^'\/vv 

ENRY W. SHOVE. Operating upon the 
i! caution conveyed in the maxim that "a 
i^" rolling stone gathers no moss," this hon- 
(^ ored old pioneer of Grant Township, still 
continues his sojourn upon the land which he pre- 
empted from the Government in January-. 1858. 
The appearance of the country around him at that 
time was anything but prepossessing, being a wild 
and uncultivated stretch of territor3'. traversed 
mostly by Indians and wild animals. It required a 
man of dauntless courage to make up his mind to 
thus settle in the wilderness, but Mr. Shove was 
equal to the emergency, and pitched his tent when 
there was not a neighbor in sight, in the sprinu- of 
1859. The years which followed were rei)lete with 
all the hardships and privations inci<lent to life on 



the frontier, but a course of patience and persever- 
ance, jielded its legitimate reward, and Mr. Shove 
is now numbered among the most prosperous citi- 
zens of this part of the county-. He has added to 
his landed possessions until he is now the owner of 
o30 acres, the greater part of which has been 
brought to a good state of cultivation. Mr. Shove 
in 1877, erected a fine residence, while he has a 
good barn and all the otlier outbuildings required 
by the enterprising and progressive agriculturist, j 
He makes a specinltj' of stock-raising, and in this 
as in all his other enterprises, has realized hand- 
some returns. 

For some years after coming to this region the 
nearest market to Mr. Shove's land, was at Atchi- 
son and Leavenworth, to which he transported his 
produce In- the slow methods of ox-teams. He 
steadily maintained his ground through the politi- 
cal troubles wiiicli followed his settlement here, and 
he may be pardoned for tlic feeling of satisfaction 
which he entertains, in view of the fact that he has 
always had faith in the future of Kansas. He 
crossed the Mississippi from Illinois, where he had 
settled from 1853, and to which he had emigrated 
from Michigan. Prior to this he liad been a resi- 
dent of New York State, and to that region he had 
emigrated from England in 1851. 

Mr. Shove was burn in C'nunty Surrey-, England, 
on the 30th of April, 1830, and eaiigrated to Amer- 
ica sliortly before reaching his majority, sailing 
from London, Feb. 23, 1851, on the "Governor 
Hinckley," and landing in New York City after a 
voyage of six weeks and six da^-s, during which he 
encountered some severe winds. Young Shove 
was the eldest son, and was tlie first member of his 
father's familj' to seek the New World. It was 
proposed that he should come over and see the 
country, and if favoral)l)- impressed, return and ac- 
company the family over, which lie did, returning 
in the spring of 1854, with the parents, brothers and 
sisters and a brother-in-law, with their children, there 
being twenty persons in all. They located first on a 
farm in Avon, Lake Co.. III., where they lived for 
some years. Finally-, in 1858, Henry W., ventured 
across the Mississippi to Pottawatomie County, this 
State, and was joined here by his parents, in 1864. 
The latter, however, finally settled at Hickory 

Point, Jeflferson County. Tlie father, Henry Shove, 
died there in 1866, at the age of sixty-three years. 
He was born in Erith, Kent County, England, but 
afterward lived for some time in Surrey- County. 
where he farmed. He was the son of Henr3' Shove, 
Sr.. a blacksmith by trade, who spent his entire life 
in his native England, dying when about eighty 
years old. The paternal great-grandfather of our 
subject, was the son of an English gentleman closely 
allied to the nobility, a "Lord of the Manor," who, 
on account of drinking heavily, made waj' with his 
property, and died comparative!}' poor. 

The mother of 'Sir. Shove bore the maiden name 
of Elizabeth Woodman. She was born and reared 
in Surrey County, England, and was the daughter 
of William Woodman, who married Miss Ann Par- 
sons. Her parents spent their entire lives in Sur- 
rey County, Mr. Woodman living to be eighty 
years old, while his wife died in middle life, aged 
forty-five years. Both were members of the es- 
tablished Church of England, and the offspring of 
excellent old stock, which produced manv notable 
characters. Mrs. Elizabeth Shove is still living, 
making her home with her children in Pottawato- 
mie County, this State, and notwithstanding she 
has attained to the advanced age of eighty-one 
}'ears, she is yet active and intelligent, with a good 
memory, and able to relate many an interesting 
tale of the 3-ears gone by. 

The tliird in a familj' of ten children, i\Ir. Shove 
was the eldest son of his parents, whose household 
included four sons and six daughters. All came to 
the United States, and all the survivors are mar- 
ried and have families of their own. The eldest 
daughter died when thirtj* six j-earsold; Ileiuy W. 
was reared to farm pursuits, but likewise learned 
the trade of a carpenter, and being a natural me- 
chanic, became very skillful at this business. 

After a residence of seven years here, Mr. Shove 
was married Dec. 30, 1865. in Waukegan, to iliss 
Elizabetii James. Mrs. Shove was born in Pem- 
brokeshire, Wales, Feb. 7, 1838, and is tlie daugh- 
ter of the Rev. George and Martha (Lewis) James, 
who were likewise natives of Wales, and both re- 
presentatives of old and excellent families. Af- 
ter the birth of eight cliildreii, Mr. and Mrs. James 
set out for America, on the 5th of April. 1851, tak- 



ing passage on the sailing-vessel "Fairfield," under 
command of Capt. Loveland. The}- landed in Xew 
Yoi-lv City after a voyage of twenty-one days, and 
soon afterward located upon a farm] in Warren 
Townsliip. Lake Co., III. There Ulr.;; and Mrs. 
James sjient the remainder of their lives, the 
mother dying Get. 3, 1870. at the age of seventy 
years, (having been horu in 1800), and the father, 
Feb. 22. 1872, at the age of sixty-seven.^ Both 
were active members of tlic Methodist Episcopal 
Church, in which Mr. James had ofHeiated as a lo- 
cal preacher, from the time he was a youth of nine- 
teen years, until his death. 

1] Mrs. Elizabeth Shove was one of a family of 
eight children, all of whom, with the exception of 
the eldest son. are still living, married, and have 
families." She thirteen yens old when her par- 
ents landed in this countrj-. and remained with 
them until her marriage. Of her union with our 
subject, there have been born seven children, two 
of whom are deceased, one. an infant who died un- 
named, and Henry 11., who dieil when thirteen 
months old; Jessie M., and Anna E., have been 
teachers in the public schools of Pottawatomie 
County, and the former is quite'profficient in juusic. 
also teaching this art; M.a}- M., George A., and 
R.aymond J., are at home with tlieir parents. 
□ Mrs. Shove is a consistent member of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church, of which also Mr. Sliove 
is a regular^attondaut. The latter, politically, affili- 
ates with the Republican party. ~ _ He has served 
two terms each as Township Treasurer and Trustee, 
and otherwise has kept aloof from the responsibili- 
ties of office. 

' ocoo 


ACOB HIXON. This gentleman, who is a 
worthy and substantial citizen of I-'ranklin 
Township, Jackson County, makes his head- 
quarters at a well-regulated farm on section 
11, where he has 160 acres of choice land with 
good improvements. He has been a resident of 
Kansas for the last twenty-five years, having come 
to the young State in the fall of 1861 and set- 
tling iu the spring of 1865 upon the land which con- 
stitutes his present farm. He has been engaged in 
agricultuial pursuits his entire life an<l is greatl}' 

interested in fruit raising, in which he has been uni- 
formly successful, and on account of efficient ser- 
vices is the Vice President of the State Horticul- 
tural Society. 

Mr. Hixon was born in Washington County, 
Pa., June, 6, 1824. and when about six years old taken by his parents to Carroll County, Ohio. 
He lived there until reaching his unjority and 
then going into Jefferson County, that State, worked 
out by the month about two years. When approach- 
ing the twenty-fourth year of his age he was mar- 
ried in the last mentioned county. Feb. 20, 1849, 
to Miss Cassandra Stonebre.aker. This lady was 
born in Jefferson County and was there reared to 
womanhood. The newly wedded pair lived there 
one year, then removed to Ashland County where 
Mr. Hixon operated on rented land for about seven 
years. Then leaving Ohio he moved to Putnam 
County. Ind.. and operated his own land until com- 
ing to Kansas. There were born to him and his esti- 
mable wife five children, the eldest of whom, 
John S., lives on the homestead; Samuel died 
Dec. 30, 1882, at the age of thirty -one j'eirs; 
he was well educated and a promising physician of 
Onarga, Pottawatomie County. Columbus M. lives 
in Idaho, and Sarah A. in Holton; Homer L. died 
Dec. 31, 1870, when about eight j-ears old. Jlrs. 
Cassandra Hixon departed this life at her home in 
Franklin Township, Sept. 24, 1885. She was a 
consistaut member of the Presb3-terian Church 
and a lady possessing all the Christian virtues, a 
devoted wife and mother, beloved by her family 
and respected b^' her neighbors. 

In politics, Mr. Hixson isasound Republican, and 
in religion a member of the Presb3'terian Church. 
He has held the office of County Commissioner five 
years; he officiated as Township Trustee four years, 
also as Township Treasurer and Clerk. He has 
traveled quite extensivelj' from Oregon to Louis- 
iana and during the winter of 1888-89 spent sev- 
eral months on the Pacific Slope. He has been 
within the boundaries of thirty-four or thirty-five 
States in the Union, and is a man who has kept his 
e3'es open to what is going on around him in the 
world, becoming thus well informed, and is one 
with whom an hour may be spent in a pleasant and 
profitable manner. He has a comfortable home, a 



well regulated farm witli pliiiii Iniildinys. but all 
ihat a reasonable iiiati can require in the waj' of 
this world's goods. 

Mr.Hixou contracted a second marriage in Carroll 
County, 111., Aug. 14, 1889, with Mrs. Mary E. 
Updegraff. Mrs Hixon has four children by her 
first husband, William Updegraff. Frank M.. Wil- 
liam A., P>a E., Joseph U., all living. 

OHN G. LONGENECKER. The subject 
of this sketch is one of the substantial and 
reliable farmers of wliich Kansas is justly 
I^^' proud. He was born in the old Keystone 
State in Lancaster County, Aug. 16, 1848, and reared 
on his father's farm where he received a fair edu- 
cation in the common schools of the State. His 
father was a farmer and our subject followed the 
same occupation on his father's broad and fertile 
acres till he decided to move to the Western coun- 
try of which he had heard such glowing accounts. 
When Mr. Longenecker reached the age of 
twenty-three years lie concluded to try his fortune 
on the sea of matrimony, hence he led to the altar 
a blooming and beautiful young maid named Bar- 
bara Brubaker. The ceremony which sent them 
afloat upon the bosom of marital bliss was per- 
formed in Lancaster Count}-, at the home of the bride 
on the 21st of December, 1871. Mrs. Longe- 
necker is a native of the same county as her hus- 
band and was also reared on a farm and educated 
in the common schools. 

The young couple resided in the home of Mr. 
Longenecker's parents until the spring of 1880, when 
they removed to Jackson County, Kan. and 
located on section 35, Franklin Township, where 
they have since resided. Mr. Longenecker, owns 
160 acres of fine land located in Franklin and 
Cedar Townships and also owns eighty acres in 
Garfield Township. He has made all the usual 
improvements to be found on a good farm. The fam- 
ily dwelling is a comfortable an<l cozy residence 
and is the abode of thrift and content. 

Eleven children have come to the home of Mr. and 
Mrs. Longenecker, of whom tvvo have passed away^ 
but nine are left to comfort their parents' hearts and 

eheer them in time to come when old age will steal 
their strength awa}' and compel them to look tu 
others for the services of affection which 
the\- are now glad to give to their loved ones. 
The names of their children are as follows: L'win, 
Anna, Emma, Maria, Lizzie, John, Levi, Katie 
and Mary. The two who have gone before are: 
Christian and Laura. In politics Mr. Longenecker 
is a Republican but owing to the principles of his 
church which forbids taking much interest in poli- 
tical affairs, he is not an active party man. Botli 
husband and wife are members in good standing in 
the Old Mennonite Church, and are highly 
esteemed in the comraunitv for their '• work's sake." 


ylLLIAM GREGORY M. D., a prominent 
member of the medical fraternity of Potta- 
W^ watomie County, came to Kansas in 1875, 
and practiced his profession in different parts of the 
State until about 1886. Then establishing himself 
in Belvue he entered upon the career in which he 
has been so successful, and has become one of the 
prominent citizens of his community. 

Dr. Gregory was born in the city of Leeds, York- 
shire, England, Dec. 25, 1841, and is thus in the 
prime of life. He spent his first twenty years in 
his native shire, then emigrated to America. He 
enlisted in the regular army, 15th United States 
Infantry, in the year 1863, and participated in 
some of the most important battles of the war, 
viz : Buzzard's Roost, Funnel Hill, Kenesaw Moun- 
tain, Jonesboro .and Atlanta. He continued in the 
service until the close of the war, and received an 
honorable discharge. 

Prior to entering the army the Doctor had com- 
pleted his medical studies and been regularly grad- 
uated, but did not practice to any great extent un- 
til afterward. He then made chronic diseases a 
specially, and traveled all over the country until 
taking up his residence in Kansas. He is now in 
the enjoyment of a, thriving business, and numbers 
his friends and patrons among the best people of 
tills region. 


.^^^^uyjyli/i^'^^' -7^ 



' USTIN D. FENN. Seldom does it fall to 

'@/l!|i the lot of the biognxiiher to meet and 

converse with a gentleman so genial and 
^^ entertaining as this citizen of 01sl)iu'g, 

who is familiarly known as "Squire Fenn." A vet- 
eran of the late war, an earl}- settler of Pottawat- 
omie Count}-, an honored and upright citizen of 
one of its principal towns, he certainly deserves 
important mention in a volume designed to per- 
petuate the names and histories of her most influ- 
ential inhabitants. That our subject is appreciated 
by his fellow-citizens is shown by the fact that he 
has served as Justice of the Peace continuously 
since 1873, and has filled that position satisfactor- 
ily. He is serving his second term as Notar}- Pub- 
lic, and is now Assistant Postmaster of Olsburg. 
He is active in the ranks of the Republican party, 
and has served that organization as a delegate to 
county conventions. In many respects he is iden- 
tified with tiie political and social history of this 
count}-, of which he has been a resident since 1872. 
Born of a sturdy New England ancestry, the 
progenitors of Mr. Fenn were men of influence in 
the East, and were ardent patriots during the Revo- 
lutionary War. His grandfather, the Hon. Austin 
Fenn, was a carpenter by trade, and entered the 
ranks of the American army when a lad of sixteen, 
serving during the last two years of the Revolu- 
tion, and until the siege of Yorktown had brought 
peace to the Colonies. Later, he removed to Lud- 
low, Vt., and there engaged in tilling the soil. He 
was an old-liue AVhig, and served several terms in 
the State Legislature, but finally removed to the 
vicinity of Newark, Wayne Co., N. Y., where his 
last days were quietly passed. 

The father of our subject was Joel Fenn, a na- 
tive of Connecticut, who in early manhood went 
to Dutchess County, N. Y., where he was employed 
in a cotton factory. He afterward engaged in 
farming in Wayne County, N. Y., and there passed 
to his last rest. His wife was Anna M. Holmes, 
who was born in Coxsackie, N. Y., and was the 
daughter of Joshua Holmes, a native of New York. 
He served in the War of 1812, and was b}^ occup.a- 
tion a farmer and stock-raiser, having a fine farm 
in Dutchess County, where his death occurred. 
The mother of our subject died in Newark in 1888, 

having attained to the sixty-ninth year of her age. 
She was a devoted member of the Presbyterian 
Church, and was a woman possessed of many 
womanly virtues; her memory is lovingly cher- 
ished by her children, of whom only three survive, 
namely: Austin D., our subject; Jane, a resident 
of Clinton, Wis.; and Joel, vho lives in Beloit, 
Wis. Those deceased are: Mary Chelette, who 
died in Boston ; Harrison and Alice, both of whom 
died in infancy. 

The first three years of the life of Squire Fenn 
were passed in Poughkeepsie, N. Y., where he was 
born Oct. 27, 1837, removing thence with his par- 
ents to Wayne County, the same State, in 1840. 
He lived on a farm there until he was eleven years 
old, when his father died. Thus early deprived of 
the loving counsel of one whose guiding iiand 
seemed especially necessary, the orphan boy was 
taken into the family of an uncle in Vermont, and 
was given common-school advantages. He was 
also employed on the farm and in various other 
avocations, assisting in a sawmill when only eleven 
years of age. At the age of twenty -one he started 
out for himself, purchttsiug 100 acres of land in 
the township of Weston. This he improved and 
cultivated until June, 1862, when he left uhe quiet 
pursuits of the husbandman for the strife of the 

Previous to the enlistment of Squire Fenn, he 
had served in an independent organization known 
as the "(jreen Mountains' (4uards." He was mus- 
tered into the Union army at Ludlow, having en- 
listed in Company H, 10th ^'ermont Infantry. He 
served with the Army of the Potomac, and partici- 
pated in the battles of Greenwich and Bristol Sta- 
tion. He was in the famous Gettysburg carapaio-n, 
but was held in reserve witii 7,000 men to cut off 
Lee's retreat. He was also at Locust Grove, Battle 
of the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, and 
the siege of Petersburg. Afterward he joined 
Sheridan's army in the Shenandoah Valley, and 
was in the battles of Winchester, Fisher's Hill 
Cedar Creek, and other less important skirmishes. 
Later, he was returned to the Army of the Poto- 
mac, and witnessed tlie capture of Richmond and 
Petersburg, was engaged in the battle of Sailor 
Creek, and was an eye-witness of Lee's surrender 



at the Appomatox Court House. During the most 
of his time he had seived as a corporal, hut at the 
time he was mustered out he was doing sergeant's 
duty. After Lee's surrender lie was sent to Dan- 
ville, N. C, and was within thirty miles of .Tohn- 
ston's surrender, after which he was sent by rail to 
Richmond, whence he marched to Washington, 
and took part in the grand review. He was finally 
mustered out and honoraljly discharged at Ball's 
Cross Roads, .July 29, 1865, and thus was termin- 
ated the career of one of the Union's most valiant 
soldiers. He belonged to one of the fighting regi- 
ments af the war, and took part in every engage- 
ment of his company-. He experienced many hair- 
breadth escapes, but was never seriously wounded. 

After these perilous events, Mr. Fenn returned 
to the quiet of his farm. He bought some land ad- 
joing that previously' purchased, until he was the 
owner of 320 acres of well-improved land, most of 
which was used for grazing purposes. He engaged 
in the dairy business, and erected and engaged in 
running a sawmill. In 1872 he decided to locate 
in the West, and coming by i-ail to Beloit, Wis., 
there bought a team, and'carae overland to Kansas, 
crossing the Mississippi at Quincy and the Mis- 
souri at Kansas City. I' pon arriving in Pottawat- 
omie County, he homesteaded 160 acres of land in 
Green Township, which he improved from a primi- 
tive condition of nature to a highly-cultivated 

Upon removi]ig from his farm, in 1881, to 01s- 
burg, Mr. Fenn built his present commodious resi- 
dence, and also erected the fine hotel, which is lo- 
cated on three lots on Commercial street, and which 
he rents. Squire Fenn is a practical carpenter, but 
although devoting some of his time to that trade, 
he is chiefl}' occupied in discharging the duties im- 
posed upon him by his various ofHces. While a 
resident of Vermont, Mr. Fenn was married in 
Weston, that State, to Miss Julia Woodcock, a na- 
tive of the town where she was married. She is a 
consistent member of the Metiiodist F]piscopal 
Church, at Olsburg, and is active in all good works, 
sharing with her husband the respect of the com- 
munity ,where for so many years they have resided. 
The}' stand high both in religious and social circles. 

Among other portraits of gentlemen prominent 

in the 'history of Pottawatomie County, we are 
pleased to jiresent tiiat of Mr.iFenn, who is uni- 
versally' recognized as a man of ability and enter- 
prise. He is identified with the interests of the 
communily, and is a member of the McCoy Post, 
at Randolph. 

-•^•>/v— *(U2J27©^(S-'^ife- ••^>a/3OT*v>-w~. 

ESSE S.^CARPENTER is the able and effi- 
cient editor of [the'.St. Mary's Oazettp, a jour- 
nal founded and conducted by him in the 
interests of the Republican party. It has a 
circulation extending into the thousamls, being 
read not only in tliat community but also having a 
more than local reputation. A six column quarto, 
with news both social and political, it is conceded 
to be one of the most successful pajjers in Pottawa- 
tomie County. 

Since early youth our subject has been connected 
with printing offices, commencing with their hum- 
blest duties and gradually- working his wa}' to prom- 
inence in the editorial staff, and finallj' assuming 
sole control of a paper with its manifold responsibil- 
ities and arduous labors. At tiie age of seventeen 
he began to learn the trade of printing at Council 
Grove, Kan., while he dates his first editorial work 
from his connection with the Ti'Dijierancc Banner, 
which he launched at Council Grove during the 
exciting campaign of 1882. His next enterprise in 
the field of letters was the founding of the Videttv, 
which after three issues removed to Rossville, 
and rechristened the Rossville Nen-s, being pub- 
lished as such for a period of years. 

One of the most successful ventiu-es in which 
Mr. Carpenter ever engaged, was the establish- 
ment of Carpenter's Kansas Lyre, a humorous 
sheet, filled with anecdotes, and containing flashes 
of wit and words of wisdom as well. In this con- 
nection he worked up quite a reputation. In Feb- 
ruary of 1888, the office was removed to St. Mary's. 
The Gazette has am pi}' filled the needs of that 
organiz.ation and has already gained a good 

James C. and Elizabeth (Fenner) Carpenter, the 
parents of our subject, were residents of Warren 
Count}', Iowa, where their son, Jesse S., was born 



April 9, 18C3, and when the child had reached the 
age of seven years the family left the Hawkey e 
State, and homestearied a claim in Kansas near 
Council Grove, Morris County. This farm was 
improved gradually by the combined efforts of the 
household and our subject was by no means a 
laggard in the development of the estate. After 
residing there about three years, in 1873, they 
located in the village of Council Grove, where the 
father was interested in horses. The early educa- 
tion of Mr. Carpenter was gleaned in the common 
schools of his district, but he early developed those 
traits of independence which still so successfully 
accompany him, and since a lad of fifteen he has 
carved for himself his own pathway, and has 
climbed the rugged road leading to fortune with 
very little aid from others, excejrt the assistance 
given him in the shape of kind words and loving 

A few years since Mr. Carpenter chose for him- 
self a helpmate, being united in marriage Ang. 
22, 1886, with Laura Frishman, daughter of Samuel 
and Rosalia Frishman, natives of German}-. Mrs. 
Carpenter was born in Lawrence, Kan., Aug. 2.5, 
1867, and has become the mother of one child, a 
son, Willie. 

• — "♦■" I ' ^ ' l ' S ' l" '^ -' 

^LLEN B. SCHOLES. In speaking of the 
i@£j| pioneers of a country, the tlioughts fly first 
of all to those who have broken the soil 
and improved the farm lands, enduring 
tlie perils and privations always suffered by those 
who live remote from human companionship. No 
doubt the foremost place is deservedly theirs, but 
following very closely come the mechanics who in 
the various branches of handicraft have built up 
tlie new countries. Were it not for the builders, 
and the makers and repairers of tools and machin- 
ery, our agriculturists would endure much greater 
hardship than has been theirs. The gentleman 
whose name heads this notice is entitled to great 
credit for his labors in Kansas, of which State he 
has been a citizen for thirty-one years, spending 
his time at the trade of a carpenter. He is now 
Postmaster inWestmoreland. Pottawatomie County, 
having taken tnut position the 1st of October, 1889. 

Th e eyes of our subject were first opened to the 
light in Ashland County, Ohio, Jan. 17, 1834, and 
in that county he spent seven years. His parents 
then removed to Mason County, 111., where lie re- 
mained until twenty-four years old. He obtained 
a good education and learned the trade of a car- 
penter, which he followed from that time until his 
appointment to the office of postmaster. On April 
1st, 1859, Mr. Scholes with his wife set out for 
Kansas with an ox-team, and on reaching the Ter- 
ritory located at Ilolton, .Jackson County, there 
being but nine houses in the village at that time. 
During the next ten years, Mr. Scholes and his 
partner, Mr. VanNuys, built the most of the town. 
The former continued his labors as a contractor 
until about the year 1881, when be became foreman 
for Mr. Chase, who was a heavy contractor. Two 
years later he removed to this county, continuing 
work at his trade, both as an active builder and as 
a contractor, until called upon to serve in a more 
public capacity. Mr. Scholes owned a farm in 
-Jackson County, and still owns a tract of land in 
Sherman Township, this county, which he operates 
as a general farm and which was his home until he 
became a denizen of the city of Westmoreland in 
1887. _ ^' 

Mr. Scholes was intensely loyal to the cause of 
the Union, and not many months had elapsed after 
the first call for troops to suppress the late Rebel- 
lion, before he was enrolled in the ranks of his 
country's defenders. Leaving a young wife and 
two small children, he enlisted Aug. 18, 1862, in 
Company B., lllh Kansas Cavalry. The regiment 
was in the Army of Arkansas a greater part of the 
time, and soldiering mostly on the frontier. Mr. 
Scholes took part in the engagements at Prairie 
Grove, Cane Hill, Lexington and Independence, 
Mo., and Westport, together with the scouting that 
appertains to cavalry service. He was mustered 
out f)n June .5, 186.5, at the close of the war, return- 
ing toHdlton with an honorable record and findino- 
his family in good hcaitli awaiting his return. 

The lady who lias been Mr. Sclioles' most valued 
companion for many years, was in her maidenhood 
Miss Eliza P. Walters. She was born in Washing- 
ton County, Iowa. March 3, 1813, and at the time 
of her marriage was residing at North English, 



Iowa County. To Mr. and Mrs. Scholes nine chil- 
dren have been born, all still living, and of whom 
we note the following: Frank married Miss Alice 
Harrison, of Holton, and now lives in Colorado; 
Belle is the wife of Mark Keeney, of Otisburg; 
Ellsworth married Mary YanGilder, of Morris 
County, where thej' now live; Virgil married Miss 
Rosa Conway, and now lives in Topeka; Albert, 
Ramie, May, Maggie, and Bruce are still single. 

During his residence in Jackson Country, our 
subject served as Deputy Sheriff and as a member 
of the School Board. He is one of the oldest men 
now living, that settled in Northeastern Kansas as 
earl3' as the spring of 1869, and might give much 
interesting information regarding the development 
and growth of this section. lie is a man of moral 
worth, highly spoken of by all who know him, and 
has many warm friends in the communit}^ He is 
a member of the Christian Church, as is also his 

<f) OHN W. JOHNSON. In Kansas, as in other 
Western States, one is stronglj^ impressed 
with the fact positions of prominence 
^^i in public life, in business circles, and among 
land owners are filled by men young in j-ears, but 
active, enterprising and possessed of sterling busi- 
ness qualities. Pottawatomie County has her full 
share of these young and successful men, and 
among them stands the gentleman whose name ini- 
tiates this notice. His home is pleasantl}' located 
on section 28, Blue Valle}- Township, and on the 
220 acres of land which he there owns he is en- 
gaged in farming and stock raising. He uses the 
latest improved labor-saving farm machinery, 
keeps abreast of the times in his stock-breeding, 
and has spared no pains or expense in adding to 
the comforts of his home. 

Mr. Johnson is the second child in a family of 
seven children born to N. P. Johnson, whose sketch 
occupies another page in this book. He was the 
first Swedish child born in Kansas, his birth having 
taken place in Blue Valley Township, Dec. 30, 
1856, and he can well remember when the sur- 
rounding countrjr presented little that would be- 

token the residence of civilized men. He was 
reared on his father's farm on the banks of the 
Blue, and the first schools wlncli he attended were 
held in log houses with slab l)enches, the instruc- 
tion there received, however, being quite thorough, 
and his own education being completed in the Man- 
hattan Higli School. He remained at home until of 
age, when he rented a farm from his uncle, John 
A. Johnson, and a year later purchased 100 acres 
of his present estate, upon which scarcel3- any im- 
provements had been made. He broke the soil 
and engaged at once in farming and stock-raising, 
subsequently adding to his original purchase 120 
acres, the whole being now fenced in convenient 
fields, and well improved. It is watered b}' Shannon 
Creek, and borders on the Blue, 100 acres of it lin- 
ing on the bottom lands, and having the deep, rich 
soil of valle}'. Mr. Johnson is a practical 
farmer, and has made a success of his labors both 
in the raising of crops and stock. He raises three- 
fourth grade Short-horn cattle, feeding about one 
car-load per j'ear, and three cars per 3'ear of full- 
blooded Poland-China hogs. He also raises graded 
Norman horses, having fourteen head on the farm, 
and using three teams in farm work. In addition 
to the stock which he raises, he is engaged to some 
extent in buying and shipping. His residence is a 
pleasant frame house lix28 feet, with a wing IG feet 
square, and is situated one and a half miles from 
Cleburne. A fine stone barn 28x38 feet 
erected by Mr. Johnson in 1881, and his corn-cribs 
cover an area of 10x115 feet. 

The pleasant and hospitable home of Mr. John- 
son is under the care of an excellent housewife, 
with whom he was united in marriage at her home 
in Blue Valley Township, Jan. 12, 1879. Mrs. 
Johnson bore the maiden name of Alma Burklund, 
and is a native of Sweden, having come to Kansas 
when a child with her father, Jacob Burklund, a 
homesteader and prominent farmer of this town- 
ship. Three brigiit children cluster around the 
fireside of 'Sir. and Mrs. Johnson — Hilma, Alphia 
and Alice. 

Mr. Johnson is a stockholder in the Blue Valley 
Stock Breeders' Association, and an interested 
member of that body. He has been Supervisor of 
Roads for a year, and is now serv ing as Treasurer 



of the school district. He has served on the petit 
jmy one term. Mr. Johnson is a prominent mem- 
ber of the Lutheran Church at Maviadahl, and in 
regard to his politics says he is a Republican first, 
last and always. 

if LONZA H. ROBERTS is one of the most 
enterprising and successful farmers of Pot- 
to watoniie County, where he has a fine 
estate, comprising eiglity acres of land, on 
section 2, in Rock Creek Township. The residence 
is a convenient and comfortable one, pleasantl}' lo- 
cated and cozilj' furnished. 

Mr. Roberts passed the early part of his life in 
Waterboro, Me., where liis birth occtn-red March 
17, 1843. He grew to a stalwart manhood, in the 
meantime obtaining that knowledge wliieh is in- 
dispensable to business success. He remained on 
the homestead several years after he attained to that 
age wiien one is empowered by law to act for him- 
self. Believing he could meet with greater success 
financialh' by changing his location, he removed 
to liiddefurd, Me., and eng.aged in the grocery and 
provision trade. He remained there some time, 
then removed to Sackville. where he carried on his 
business until 186'J. During the years 1869-70 he 
was the proprietor of the "Ocean House," at Old 
Orcliard Beach, which was built as it now stands in 
accordance witli his plans. In 1871 he sold out 
his business, anil removed to Boston, where he cm- 
barked in the fruit and vegetable trade. In this 
he continued until he finally left the New England 
States and located in the West. 

Accompanied by his family, Mr. Roberts, in 
1881, proceeded Westward and located in Pottawat- 
omie County, Kan., where they now reside. It was 
not thickly settled, when, having resolved to make 
it their home, they purchased a tract of raw prairie, 
on which they commenced to labor with zeal. Our 
subject pushed his improvements, so tiiat in a 
comparativel}' short time he had his homestead 
under excellent cultivation, with the buildings, 
orchards, fences and other imiuovements tliat are 
always to be found on a well-regulated country 
estate. To the occupation of a farmer, he has 

added that of stock-raising, and keeps on his place 
Shire horses and Cleveland Bay stallions; he also has 
five imported horses: "Hector," "Maxwell," "Da- 
mon," "Addington" and "Bellefountain." He makes 
a specialty of buying and shipping horses to the 
State of Maine, having sent several carloads there. 
Although not an active politician, Mr. Rolierts 
votes with the Republican party. He was united 
in marriage with Fannie L. Broderick, of Boston, 
Mass., July 16, 1878. Their two children are- 
Chester W. and Samuel D. Mrs. Roberts was born 
in Massachusetts, near Boston, and passed her child- 
hood da3's in Holbrook, Mass., l)ut in early girl- 
hood removed to Boston, where she passed the 
years prior to her marriage. She is a lady of many 
graces of character, and is a member of the Mctlio- 
dist Episcopal Church, Winlhrop street, B:j>ton. 
Mr. Roberts is a man of superior intelligence and 
business capacity, and, with his family, receives 
the hearty respect and kind esteem of neighbors 
and friends. 

^^)EORGE J. BLANEY, County Commis- 
sioner of the First District of Pottawatomie 
Count)-, is one of the most prominent and 
influential men in this section of country, and 
makes his headquarters at one of its finest home- 
steads, comprising 480 acres of land on section 2, 
Spring Creek Township. He was elected to his 
present office in the fall of 1887 liy the Republican 
partjr, for a term of three years. He is a liberal 
and public-spirited citizen, a member of the School 
Board of his district for many years, and politi- 
cally a strong Republican, a man foremost in the 
councils of his party in this section and frequently 
sent as a delegate to the county and State conven- 
tions. By the exercise of industry', economy and 
prudence, he has accumulated a good property, 
being practically independent. 

The Blaney family originated in Ireland, whence 
the great-grandfather of our subject emigrated to 
America at an early day. He reared a fine famil)-, 
among whom was Josiah, the grandfather of our 
subject, who was born in Hartford County, jNId., 
and was given a thorough education, being gradu- 



ated from a Maryland college and designed for 
the priesthood. He. however, was not inclined to 
holy orders, but turning his attention to worldly 
business, became the owner of a large plantation, 
which was operated by slaves. Among his sous 
was Thomas, the father of our subject, likewise a 
native of Hartford County, Md. The latter learned 
the trade of a carpenter and joiner, and rem.ained 
a resident of his native county until after reaching 
his majoriti'. He afterward removed to York 
County, Pa., where he engaged in farming. He be- 
came well to do and finall}' retired from active labor, 
and removed to the town of York, Pa., where he 
spent his Last dajs. He was a liighl3"-rcspected 
citizen and a member of the Methodist Episcopal 

The maiden name of the motlier of our subject 
was Frances Keener. She was born in York 
Countj-, Pa., and was the daughter of John 
Keener, likewise a native of the Keystone State. 
Grandfather Keener owned about 400 acres of land 
upon which he prosecuted farming successfully and 
.also operated as a distiller. Tl)e Keener family- 
was of German descent. To Thomas and Frances 
Blane}' there was born a family of tliirteen cliil- 
dren, eight of whom lived to mature years. Sarah 
A. died in York County, Pa.; .John T. is a resi- 
dent of Quincy, 111.; Mary E., Mrs. Handley, re- 
sides in Lancaster, Pa.; William M. is in York, 
Pa., James R. is a resident of Irving, Kan.; 
Henry E. resides in Bigelow, this State; George 
J. is next to the youngest born; Melissa, Mrs. 
Mohr. makes her home at Mt. "Wolf, Pa. John, 
during the late Civil War, served six months in an 
Illinois regiment; William M. served nine 
months in the ■209th Pennsylvania Infantry; 
James R. served four months in the 103d Pennsyl- 
vania Infantry; Henry E. served three years ten 
months and four days in the 87th Pennsylvania 
Infantry, being the last ten months and ten d.ays 
in Andersonville prison. 

The subject of this sketch was born in Lower 
Chanceford, York Co.. Pa., Dec. 1, 1814. He 
■was brought up on the farm and received a lim- 
ited education in the old-fashionerl log school- 
house of those times. He remained under the 
parental roof until a youth of eighteen years, then 

leaving the farm, engaged on a canal-boat and 
made his w.ay up from tow-boy to captain. In the 
fall of 18C5 he was employed as a teamster by the 
United States Government in the Eastern Army, 
which at the time operated in the State of Penn- 
sylvania. On June 26, 1864, he enlisted as a 
regular sokUer in Company C. 195th Pennsylvania 
Infantry, being mustered in at Harrisburg and his 
regiment assigned to the Arra^' of the Potomac. 
The regiment was sent into the Shenandoah Valley 
to guard the passes and other points, but engaged 
in no skirmishes with the cnenij-, being in the 
Third Provincial Division. Mr. Blaney remained 
in the army until the close of the war, being mus- 
tered out at Summit Point, in June, 1S65, and 
receiving his honorable discharge at Harrisburg. 

Upon returning home Mr. Blaney engaged as a 
l)oatman on the Tidewater and Pennsylvania Canal. 
Soon afterward he ijurchased a boat which he op- 
erated during the summer seasons, while his winters 
were sjjeat chopping in the pine woods of Pennsyl- 
vania, near AVilliamsport. He thus occupied 
until the spring of 1869, then determined to see 
what lay beyond the Mississippi, although he had 
no intention of remaining iiere. In accordance 
with his usual habits of industry lie engaged as a 
farm laborer about two years in the vicinity' of 
Irving, and finally becoming favorably impressed 
with the countr3', homesteaded 160 acres of land 
which formed the nucleus of his present farm. He 
put up a shanty and began liandling live stock, not 
beginning farming until 1873. Since that time he 
has been mainly eng.aged in agricultural pursuits, 
although making a specialty of stock-raising, 
feeding large numbers of cattle and swine. For 
seven years he engaged in buying and ship- 
ping. He keeps about seventeen head of graded 
Hambletonian general-purpose horses. In 1880 he 
rented his farm and invested a portion of his capi- 
tal in a stock of general merchandise, establishing 
himself in Olsburg and becoming a member of 
the firm of Carlson Bros, cfe Blaney. Two years, 
later, however, he sold out his interest in the busi- 
ness and returned to the farm. He has 400 acres 
in Pottawatomie County and eighty acres io ]Mar- 
shall Couuty adjoining. The whole is improved 
with modern buildings .and 160 acres under the 



ploiv. The fields are lendereil fertile by runnino; 
water and one of the best springs in Kansas. Mr. 
Blane}- has planted fruit trees of various kinds in- 
cluding a fine apple orchard and keeps himself sup- 
plied with tlie latest improved machinery for the 
general purposes of agriculture and stock-raising. 
In Manhattan on the 26th of .September, 1872, 
Mr. Blaney was united in marriage with Miss Anna 
C. Carlson, a native of Sweden. Mrs. Blaney came 
to America with her parents about 1856 remaining 
under the parental roof until reaching womanhood. 
She is noiv the mother of two children — Stella M. 
and Georgia E. The family occupies a high social 
position in the communit}- and Mr. Blaney is 
looked upon as one of those men who have aided 
materially in the growth and development of 
Pottawatomie County. , 


EWIS HAVERMALE. Among the many 
worth}' young men of whose success Potta- 
watomie County lias just reason to be 
proud, prominent mention belongs to the subject 
of this biographical sketch, who is already on a 
solid basis financially, and has before him every 
prospect of the full fruition of the hopes so 
ardently cherished by himself and his many friends. 
Overcoming the timidity and dependent feeling 
which usually accompanies youth, and which can 
be dispelled only by contact with the world, he 
bravely faced adversity and ])overty, and has by 
slirewd business management, risen above their 
immediate influence. He is at present the editor 
of the Olsliurg NfV-slHler. a five column quarto, 
devoted to the interests of the Repulilican party 
and an important political organ of tiie county. 

Mr. Havermale was born of substantial and wor- 
thy German ancestors, his grandfather, Peter Haver- 
male, being a native of the Eatlierland. and an 
emigrant first to Maryland, and later to Ohio, 
where he located in Fulton County. He was b}- 
occupation a weaver in Germany, but in America 
followed farming. His death occurred in Fulton 
Countj-, when he lacked only four years of round- 
ing out a full century. While he resided in Mary- 
land, liis sou, George W., the father of our subject, 

was born, and later went with his parents to the 
Buckeye State. He was a member of the first class 
that graduated from the Garrett Biblical Institute 
at Evanston, III., and soon afterward began his ser- 
vices in the Jlethodist Ediscopal Church as a 
preacher of the Word. Ever since he commenced 
to work in the Master's vineyard, he has been a 
faithful steward, never ceasing to labor for the 
cause, and devoting all his time to his chosen field 
of work. He is located in Morgauville, Kan., 
and owns 137 acres of fine land in Johnson County, 
twelve miles from Kansas City. 

The mother of our subject was in her youth 
Miss Delia A. Buyz, and was born in Poughkeepsie, 
N. Y. Her father was a painter in that city, and 
afterward removed to Chicago, thence to the Up- 
per Peninsula of Michigan. His death occurred 
in Chicago. She is a woman of talents, 
refined, accomplished, and noted as a teacher. She 
has held the position of principal of schools in 
Garrison, Irving and Hughes, where she is recog- 
nized as a fine disciplinarian and good instructor. 
George W. Havermale is a Republican in politics, 
and a strong advocate of temperance. To him and 
his wife were born six children — Arthur; Alice, 
(Mrs. Bajdes). a resident of Green Township; 
George, a farmer of Wabaunsee Countj', Kan.; 
Charles, who died in 1874; Lewis, our subject and 
Albert, who is associated in business with Lewis. 

During the residence of his parents in La Ilarpe, 
Hancock Co.. 111., our subject was born May 10, 
1867, and was educated in different places. When 
only eleven years of age he began working for 
himself, and was there fter variously employed. In 
1870 he came West with his pnrents, who locateil in 
Eastern Kansas. When abiuit fourteen years old, 
our subject commenced to learn the printer's trade, 
working on the Winchester Argus, in .Jefferson 
County. In 1883 he went to Manhattan and was 
employed on the Manhattan NationaUst for three 
years, being prcimoted to the res'ionsilde duties of 
local editor during the last .year. He commenced 
the publication of the Neivsletter in 1886, and in 
.January of the following year moved to Olsburg, 
and published the paper in jiartnership with J W. 
McDonald. After continuing in this wa}- for nine 
months, our subject bought out his partner's inter- 



est, and has since managed it independently. He 
has increased its circulation, and has established a 
job department, from which is turned out 6rst class 
work, and whicli in consequence of reasonable 
prices and good work is receiving a constantly Iht 
creasing patronage. In 1887 he started a book 
and stationery department, which is jielding him a 
fair rennmeration. That same year he commenced 
the publication of the Butler Citj- Neirs, continu- 
ing it through tlie medium of his columns for six 
months, and then selling it to M. J. Kavanaugh, 
who now conducts it independently. He cast his 
first vote for Harrison, and had the proud satisfac- 
tion of knowing it was not lost. 

Nov. 28, 1889, was a very important date in the 
life of Mr. Havermale, as he then united in 
marriage at Denver, Col., with Miss Minnie M. 
Joneson, daughter of Mrs. Sophia Jonesou, of 01s- 

■— ""S*^-«*|«'** 

^USTAF OSCAR MAXELL is one of the 
III J—, prosperous and progressive farmers of Pot- 
^^^il! tawatomie County, owing and operating 
400 acres of land in Blue Valley Township, for 
which he has paid from $6 to §18 per acre, and 
where he is engaged in general farming and stocik- 
raising. The estate is pleasantly located two miles 
from Cleburne, is watered by Shannon Creek, the 
banks of which are lined with timber, and 100 acres 
of the estate are situated in the bottom land. 

Before outlining the life of our subject, it may 
be well to devote a brief space to his paients and 
family. His father, Axel Axellson, was a native 
of Sweden, where he died in the spring of 1868. 
When a 3'oung man he was overseeer of a large es- 
tate, and later engaged in farming for himself. The 
mother, Anna Gustafson,was born in Linkopingslan, 
Sweden, and still resides on the old homestead. 
The family comprised seven brothers, the subject 
of this biography being the oldest son, and he, 
after coming to America, changed his name from 
Axellson to Maxell for convenience. His brothers 
are: August, who still lives in Sweden ; Axel, whose 
home is in Axtell, Neb.; the Rev. Charles who 
resides in Colorado; Otto, whose home is in Ax- 

tell. Neb., and 'Nels, who lives in Sweden. The 
fifth of the family — Ludvig — departed this life 
in 1S88. 

Mr. Maxell first saw the light Nov. 16, 1844. in 
Linkopingslan, Sweden, and was reared and edu- 
cated in the rural district. At the age of twenty 
he hired out as a coachman for an Ade or noble- 
man, remaining in his employ until 1869, when he 
determined to try his fortunes in the United States. 
Taking leave of his native land he went to Liver- 
pool via Gottenburg and Hull, thence to New York 
by the steamer "City of Boston" which made the 
ocean trip in thirteen days. 

Landing on American soil, our subject came at 
once to this State, where for a year he labored in 
Blue Valley Township, following this by working 
for Mr. Richards near Westmoreland for three suc- 
ceeding years. In 1870 he homesteaded land in 
Riley County, but it being too far from his em- 
ployer's for him to attend to it, the claim was 
jumped. Returning to this township in 1873, he 
took charge of J. A. Johnson's farm, which he man- 
aged until the spring of 1878 when he bought 160 
acres of the land which he now owns. It was raw 
land, bare of improvements, and Mr. Maxell im- 
mediately set to work to make himself a home. His 
success is proven by the large acreage which he 
now possesses and the substantial basis of his 
finances. His estate is fenced into fields of conven- 
ient size, and upon it, are a bearing orchard, a stone 
residence 31x33 feet, with a wing 14x18 feet, 
which was erected in 1886, and a stone barn 31x53 
feet in dimensions, which was built in 1878. The 
dwelling is well furnished, and with its pleasant sur- 
roundings presents an attractive appearance, invit- 
ing approach to its hospitable doors. Mr. Maxell 
keeps from eighteen to twenty head of graded 
Norman horses, at the head of the stud being the 
imported Norman horse "Tony."' He is engaged 
quite extensively in raising, buying and selling 
cattle and hogs. 

The lady who was the chosen companion of JMr. 
Maxell, bore the maiden name of Miss Emma John- 
son, and the rites of wedlock wei'e celebrated be- 
tween them in this county. May 23, 1873. She was 
born in Galesburg, III., and is a daughter of N. P. 
Johnson, whose sketch occupies another page in 



this volume and contains a historj'- of her ancestry. 
Mr. and Mrs. Maxell are the parents of two chil- 
dren, a pair of twins named Ida and Ettie. 

Mr. Maxell is active in enterprises which promise 
well for the public good, displaying the same 
energ}' in the duties of a citizen wiiich he has done 
in his personal affairs. He belongs to the Bridge 
Building Committee, is one of the Directors of the 
Orphans' Home, and Treasurer of the Blue Valley 
Stock Association. He lias been Township Treas- 
urer one year and School Clerk three years, and 
has served on the Jur}' two terms. He is a straight 
Republican and has been a delegate to county con- 
ventions. In the Lutheran Church in Mariadaid 
he is an active member, and has been Trustee for 
the last nine 3'ears. The positions which he holds 
are proof of the esteem in which he is held by his 
fellow-citizens, his wife sharing with him in their 
respect and good will. 



ellARLES W. SHEHI, one of the Trustees 
of Spring Creek Township, Pottawatomie 
County, and a sou of one of its old settlers, 
is looked upon as a young man of much promise, 
being industrious and energetic, and operates a 
part of his father's farm on section 83. He is the 
son of George W. Shehi, one of the pioneers of 
Pottawatomie County, and a sketch of whom will 
be found elsewhere in this Album. 

The second in a family of ten children, the sub- 
ject of this sketch, a native of Kansas, was born at 
his father's ranch in Spring Creek Township, Jan. 
14, 18G3, and there reared to man's estate. He 
grew up amid the primitive scenes of life on the 
frontier and can remember the time when wild 
game was plentiful and when Indians to the number 
of 500. sometimes passed through this section of 
country. His first studies were conducted in a log 
cabin with slab benches, under a system of educa- 
tion widely different from that of the present time. 
He remained under the home roof until a youth of 
seventeen years, then entered the Gem City Business 
College at t^uincy. 111., from which he was gradu- 
ated in December, 1881. Then returning home he 
became the book-keeper and cashier of his father's 

bank at Greenleaf until it was sold, and then re- 
turning to the farm he worked tliore until the fall 
of 1886. 

At this time young Shehi once more left the 
farm and engaged in clerking for the general mer- 
chant, J. H. Young, at Fostoria. Five months of 
this experience, however, satisfied him and return- 
ing home he commenced operating a part of his 
father's farm and has been thus engaged since that 
time. He makes a specialty of grain and stock- 
raising and occupies a neat residence on Spring 
Creek which with its surroundings makes a ver}' 
attractive home. He was married in Westmoreland, 
June 9, 1887, to Miss Ella Vroman. This lady was 
born in Shannon Township, Dec. 18, 1868, and is 
the daughter of David Vroman, a native of Ohio. 
Her paternal grandfather, Timothy Vroman, like- 
wise a native of the Buckeye State, came to Kansas 
at an early day and was a successful farmer of 
Pottawatomie County. His son, David, located in 
Shannon Township in 1860, while Kansas was a 
Territory, and is now a well-to-do farmer, owning 
about 500 acres of land. He married Miss Maria 
Fenn, a native of Ohio, and to tliem there were 
born seven children, viz.: Arthur, who is deceased; 
Ella, (Mrs. Shehi); Addie, Carrie, Lucy, John, 
deceased; and Christine; the survivors are at home 
with their parents. Mrs. Shehi was reared and 
educated in Shannon Township and is now the 
mother of one child, a son, John Orris. 

Mr. Shehi like his father and brothers, is a Re- 
publican of the first water and is quite prominent 
in local affairs, serving at the present time his sec- 
ond term as Township Trustee, and he is also 
Township Assessor. He is a general favorite in 
the social circles and possesses those sterling quali- 
ties which maintain his standing in his community 
as one of its most valued members. 

<^ Ij^ASHIXGTON B. HAZEX. Few men in 
wM/ l^o^^'^^'^tomie County would be considered 
W^ more thoroughly identified with its inter- 
teresls than this gentleman, who is now a member 
of the firm of Daily & Ilazen, grocers, in West- 
moreland. He has been a resident of this county 



from a very early period, both in its history and 
Iiis own life, having arrived hei'e on Nov. 6, 1855, 
when about six months old. His parents, Isaac 
and Elizabeth (Wright) Hazen. were the earliest 
settlers within the borders of this county, their set- 
tlement being made one-half mile south of this 
city, which the farm now adjoins. Isaac Hazen 
was a native of Ohio, going from that State to 
Iowa when quite young. In the Hawkcye State he 
married and lived in Jackson County until his re- 
moval to this State. He died in the fall of the 
year in wbich he became a resident here, leaving 
his widow in a new country with the care of an in- 
fant, and the nearest family one and a half miles 
distant. Her first home was a log house, and the 
groceries were brouglit from Leavenworth, a dis- 
tance of 100 miles, the trip with ox-teams consum- 
ing two weeks' time. Milling was also done there, 
and mail was brought from the same cit}- a few 
times a year. Mrs. Hazen. after a time spent in 
widowhood, married John McKimens, and is still 
living on the farm which was her first home in 
Kansas, she being now the oldest settler living in 
the vicinity. 

W. B. Hazen grew up amid the scenes of i)ioueer 
life which tend to develop a rugged and sturdy 
manhood, unknown to those whose earl\' lives are 
spent in scenes of luxury and in older communi- 
ties. He received an excellent practical education 
.It the common-schools, one of the first objects 
sought for and obtained on the frontier, being the 
establishment of institutions of learning. He re- 
mained on the farm until reaching manhood, after 
which he engaged in mercantile pursuits, first as a 
clerk, and in 1877 established himself in business. 
Since that time he has been numbered among the 
business men of Westmorland, and connected with 
its interests and welfare. The present firm was es- 
tablished less than two years ago, the senior partner 
being A. P. Daily. 

The great step of Mi'. Hazen's life was taken on 
Dec. 28, 1876,vvhen he became the husband of Miss 
Jolian Lunbeek, of this township. She was born 
in Iowa, Nov. 12, 1855, the date of lier luisband's 
birth Ijeing May 18, of the same year. Iler father. 
Silas Lunbeek, was born in Ohio, and married Miss 
Sarah Paschal, and after some years residence in 

Iowa, came to Kansas in 18(58. Mr. and Mrs. Lun- 
beek first settled on a farm, but are now living in 
Garrison, having left their rural home five years 
ago. To Mr. and Mrs. Hazen four children 
have been born, three of whom still live. ■ They 
bear the names respectively, of Thomas A., Sarah 
E., and Davis J. 

IMr. Hazen always votes with the Republican 
part}'. He has not been a political aspirant, but 
I was prevailed upon to serve his fellow-citizens as a 
member of the Cit}' Council. He belongs to the 
social order of the A. O. U. W. A reliable citizen, 
upright in his dealings and honorable in every re- 
lation of life, Mr. Hazen enjoys the respect of his 
fellow-citizens, his estimable wife sharing with 
him in their esteem. 

S7 EVANT L. BADGLEY, Clerk of the Dis- 
il (^ ''''■''' ^'ourt of the .35th District, is now an 
Jli^^ honored resident of Westmoreland. Potta- 
watomie County. He is one of the young men of 
the section, having been born May 5, 1851, and 
his residence in this State dates only from the 
spring of 1880. He was born near Lake Chautau- 
qua, Chautauqua Co., N. Y., on the farm occupied 
by his parents. Curtis and Arcelia (Caulkins) Badg- 
ley. The father was a native of the same county, 
being one of its earliest pioneer settlers. Mr. and 
Mrs. Badgley had two children — our subject and a 
brother, John, when the^' left the Empire State and 
took up a home in Wisconsin. While building a 
house thereon, Mr. Badgley stricken with the 
cholera and died. The mother and sons returned 
to New York, a)id there the widow subsequently 
married a Mr. McDonald, and is still living in 

The gentleman of whom we write was but three 
years old when his father died, and he grew to 
man's estate under his mother's care. He finished 
his education at Jamestown Institute, after which 
he entered a grocery store at Corry, Pa., where he 
was emp!o3"ed for a period of three j'ears. He then, 
in 1876. came to Kansas, and after spending a year 
in Louisville, returned to the Keystone State, lo- 
cating at PleasantvlUe, Venango County, this being 



in the oil region. He entered the employ of Hol- 
nian & Hopkins, dealers in general merchandise and 
groceries, being head clerk and manager of tiie 
grocery department for three years. 

Again turning his face toward the setting sun he 
came once more to this State, and in' March, 1880, 
engaged as a book-keeper for C. W. Bittmann. dealer 
in general merchandise at Louisville. He remained 
in the employ of Mr. Bittmann during tiie succeed- 
ing eight years, and then having beea elected on 
the regular Republican ticket in the fall of 1888, 
to the position which he now occupies, he entered 
upon the duties of that office. He is filling the 
position with credit to himself, and in a manner 
acceptable to his constituents and to the people at 

At the home of the bride's parents in Sugar 
Grove, AVarren Co., Pa., May 18, 1874, the rites of 
wedlock were celebrated between Mr. Badgley and 
ISIiss Henrietta Warner. The bride was born in that 
place on the 23d day of May, 1847, and is a daugh- 
ter of Robert and Mar3' (Thorpe) Warner, who still 
live there. Mr. Warner is an old resident of the 
Keystone State, where he has been engaged in farm- 
ing. During the California gold excitement he spent 
some time ou the Pacific Coast. He and his wife 
are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
and reared their daughter to a useful and respected 
womanhood. To Mr. and Mr. Badgley four chil- 
dren have been born, of whom two— Vera M. and 
Lena A. — still live. Guy was taken from them on 
Sept. 18, 1882, at the age of six j'ears; and Rena, 
on October 4, the same year, aged two years. 

Of the social orders, Mr. Badgley holds member- 
ship in the A. O. U. W. and the L O. O. F. He is 
a young man of ability- and of high standing in the 
county, his character being excellent and his man- 
ners courteous and well-bred. 




' OHN II. FREY. Among the business men 
of Louisville, Pottawatomie County, is the 
gentleman above named, who is engaged in 
' harness-making, and who. with a fair share 
of patronage in his line, has also won the esteem of 
his neighbors during his three vears' residence in 

this city. He is a capable workman, and deserv- 
ing of credit for the position which he occupies 
among the young business men of the State. His 
f.ather, John C. Frey, was born in Lancaster County, 
Pa., and having gone to Illinois, was there united 
in marriage with Sarah Shaw, a native of England. 
Mr. Frey was a harness-maker, and after his mar- 
riage pursued his employment in Illinois until 1870. 
when he removed to this State. Settling at Wani- 
ego, he remained there until 1887, and then jour- 
ne3'ed to California, where he and his wife still 
reside. The parental family was made up of eleven 
children, eight being still alive. 

The gentleman whose name initiates this notice, 
is the eldest child of his jiarents, and was born in 
Will County, 111., June 22, 185,5. In his boyhood 
until the age of fourteen years, lie was a recipient of 
the advantages to be obtained in the commou 
schools, and was then set to work to learn his trade 
under the eye of his father. Five years later, when 
nineteen years old. he began life for himself, and 
for several yeai'S was something of a rover, passing 
bis time in Eldorado, Winfield. and other Kansas 
towns, until his marri.age, when iie adopted a more 
settled mode of life. Three years .ago, he opened 
his present business here, on a capital of 813. and 
has built up so good a trade, .as to place his finan- 
ces on a verj' comfortable basis. 

The most important step in the life of Mr. Frey, 
Was taken in the spring of 1881, when he became 
the husband of Eliza C, daughter of James and 
Sarah Stewart of this place. The parents of the 
bride were originally from the Buckej'e State, 
whence they removed to Iowa, and finally took up 
their residence in about thirty years ago. 
Their family was m.adc up of six children, and Mrs. 
Frey is the fourth in order of birth, her natal day 
being August, 1862. Born in this State, she has 
had good advantages of education .and training, 
and is a capable, as well as loving companion. To 
herself and husband four children have been born, 
but two have been removed from them by the 
hand of death. The survivoi'S are George, a bright 
child of seven 3-ears, and Hattie. five j'cars younger. 

Mr. Frey is conservative in politics, and always 
votes the Republican ticket. He has filled the 
office of City Clerk, of Louisville. He belongs to 



the A. O. tl. W. of this place, and has been through 
the chairs; and he is also a member of the Im- 
proved Order of Red Men of Wamego. Though 
the schooling which he obtained in his youth, was 
somewhat meager, he has read extensively, and to 
good purpose, and is more than ordinarily well-in- 
formed and intelligent. He is possessed of pleas ■ 
ant manners and fine social qualities, and is an 
entertaining companion as well as a citizen who is 
interested in the development of tlie town in which 
he has made his home. 

-i!^ ORNELIUS TEEHAN. There is not a more 
_ honest, industrious and useful citizen in 
/'' Clear Creek Township, than Mr. Teehan, 
who is the Treasurer of School District No. 74, 
and takes a warm interest in educational matters. 
He has been a member of the Roman Catholic To- 
tal Abstinence Union of America, for over twenty- 
three years, and is a lifelong Catholic in religion. 
His occupation is that of a farmer, and his well- 
regulated homestead in Clear Creek Township com- 
prises the south half of the southeast quarter, and 
the south lialf of the southwest quarter of section 
21, which he lias built up from the primitive soil, 
and which is recognized as one of the best farms 
in that vicinity. 

A native of County Kerry, Ireland. Mr. Teehan 
was born about 1835, and lived there until a youth 
of seventeen years, attending the common schools, 
and learning the art of sowing and reaping as con- 
ducted in the Emerald Isle. As a youth he was 
thoughtful and ambitious, and seeing no prospect 
of realizing his hopes on his native soil, he re- 
solved upon emigrating to America. For Ave 
years thereafter he lived in New York City, and 
employed liimself at whatever he could find to do. 
Finally going to St. Louis, Mo., he sojourned there 
until 1878, coming that year to Kansas, and set- 
tling where he now resides. Later he purchased a 
quarter of section 28. and now has a half-section of 
well-developed land, which under his careful man- 
agement produces ir. abundance the rich crops of 
the Sunflower State. He is an extensive stock- 
grower, making a specialty of cattle, horses, and 

swine. He has been greatly prospered in his labors 
and has accumulated a sufHciency of this world's 
goods to insure him against want in his old age. 

Mr. Teehan was married Jan. 25, 1861, to Miss 
Ann, daughter of Peter Ginty, of Laehram, Ire- 
huul. Mrs. Teehan is a native of that place, and 
was born about 1839; she came to America when a 
maiden of seventeen years, and by her union with 
our subject, has become the motlier of fourteen 
cliildren, viz: Joseph, Julia Ann, Michael, Jolin, 
James, Daniel, Peter, Edward, Cornelius, Annie, 
Mary, and Nellie, and two who died in infancy. 
Joseph Teelian, the father of our subject, spent 
his entire life in County Kerry. Ireland, and 
died in the year 1864, in the sixtieth year of 
ills age. The mother bore the maiden name of 
Julia Sullivan. She also was a native of County 
Kerry, and died there in 1864, in the fifty-fifth 
year of her age. They were honest and highly re- 
spectable people, and conscientious members of the 
Catholic Church. Cornelius was next the young- 
est of their six cliildren, the others being Mary, 
John, Joanna, Johannah, and Michael. Tliey all 
emigrated to America, but only tliree are now liv- 
ing — Mary, Cornelius, and Michael. 


"l|_^ ON. LAAVRENCE W. CROWL. A com- 
'^V, pendium of Pottawatomie County bio- 
^ graphics would be incomplete witliout a 
®)) sketch of the above-named gentleman, who 
is one of the oldest of the '• old settlers " now 
living, liaving come to Kansas during the troub- 
lous times preceding the late Civil War. He has 
been closely identified with the history of the 
county as an .agriculturist and land owner, a mer- 
chant, and a public offlcial, and in each and every 
capacity has fulfilled the duties incumbent upon 
him in a manner alike creditable to his physical, 
mental and moral capacities. 

Mr. Crowl was born in Columbiana County, 
Ohio, Feb. 22, 1834, and being the son of a farmer, 
early received a practical training in the life of an 
agriculturist. He was the recipient of good ed- 
cational advant.ages in the schools of that county, 
and home training at the parental fireside. His 



parents romoveil to Illinois wliile lie vvas j'et in liis 
teens, and after remaining in that State a j'ear, he 
returned to liis native county, and engaging in a 
sawmill business, followed that occupation for 
about tive 3'ears. He was married Oct. 16, 1857, 
and tlie following month he anil his wife came West 
and took up some raw land in St. (4eorge Town- 
ship, this county. He first built a log house, and 
began improving and cultivating the farm, continu- 
ing his work thereon until after the breaking out 
of the kate Civil War. Their neighbors were for 
some time scattered at rather remote intervals, and 
life on the frontier had its privations and discour- 
agements, but Mr. Crowl not only his own 
: spirit to sustain him, but the companionshij) of a 
lady who uobly shared in the trials of those early 

Mr. Crowl was an earnest patriot and during the 
struggle for American unity he entered Company 
L, 1 1th Kansas Cavahy, serving as Orderly Ser- 
geant, his time being mainly spent attached to the 
Army of the Frontier under Gen. Blunt. The date 
of his enlistment was Feb. 24, 1863, from which 
time he served until the close of the war, being 
mustered out and receiving an honorable discharge 
In October, 1865. Returning to St. George Town- 
ship where his wife and three children remained, 
he eng.aged in merchandising, continuing so em- 
ployed till 1869, when he again became a resident 
of the farming district. He owned five'farms of 
about 400 acres, and lived in the country until 
1886, when he moved to Westmoreland, and again 
turned his attention to a mercantile business. 

In 1870, Mr. Crowl was elected County Treas- 
urer and served the full term of two years, though 
he did not leave his rural home. In 1883, he was 
elected Sheriff, and qualified for office in .January, 
1884, serving as acceptably as he had done as Treas- 
ui-er. At the close of this term of public service he 
became a citizen of the county seat, and in the spring 
of 1889, chosen to fill the Mayor's chair. Mr. 
Ci'owl was one of the first count3' commissioners, 
and is the onl}' one of them now living. He acted 
in that capacity for four or five years, and also in 
an early day was Chairman of the Board in St. 
George Township. 

The wife of Hon. Mr. Crowl was in her maiden- 

hood. Miss Mary E. Emmons. She was born in 
Columbiana County, Ohio, a daughter of Jacob 
Emmons, a farmer of that county, where she lived 
until her marriage and departure with her husband 
for the frontier. Their happy union has been 
blessed in the birth of seven children, four of 
whom still live. They are : Florence, now Mrs. W. 
P. Sheehan of San Francisco, Cal.; Laura, Mrs. C. 
B. Brown, whose husband is the present partner of 
Mr. Crowl in the mercantile business; Nellie; and 
Harry, a stenographer of Arkansas City, Kan. 

The parents of our subject were John and Lydia 
Ann (Majors) Crowl, of the State of Maryland, 
the father having been born in Frederick County, 
in 1804. They grew to maturity in their native 
State, and were there married, removing after a few 
years to Ohio. Mr. Crowl, Sr., was a farmer, and 
as a pioneer of Columbiana Count3-, he cleared a 
farm, on which he lived till early in the '50's, when 
with his family he went to Illinois. There he 
located in Hancock County, and continued his for- 
mer occupation, dying in that county in 1869, aged 
sixty-six 3'ears. The mother had departed this 
life in the Buckeye State 1846. Their family con- 
sisted of ten children, eight of whom lived to ma- 

Hon. L. W. Crowl is well and favorably known 
throughout the county as a man of probity, intelli- 
gence and ability, and as such receives the respect 
of his fellow- citizens. He belongs to the G. A. R., 
and the Masonic order. He and his wife are mem- 
bers of the Christian Church. 

^ OHN W. SELBT, an old soldier a 
I' of Pottawatomie County, reside 


and a pioneer 
es on section 
III 1, township 8, range 8. He is prominent in 
((^/' his township, not only by reason of his past 
services in behalf of his country's safety when im- 
periled b3' the rage of civil war, nor yet alone be- 
cause he assisted to blaze a path for the car of 
progress to roll in safety across the boundless 
plains, but for his present deep interest in the 
prosperity of his chosen state, and his activity in 
promoting whatever will contribute to the welfare 
of his immediate neighborhood. 



Our subject was born in Athens County, Ohio, 
March 10, 1844. His father, Hines C, is living as 
a retired farmer on the old homestead in Bern 
Township. Athens Co.. Ohio. Ilines C. Selby is 
a native of Muskingum County, Ohio, and was 
born on the "Washington County line. The motlier 
of our subject was Sarah A. Rardin, a native of 
Athens County, Ohio, and daughter of William 
Rardin, deceased, a pioneer of that county and a 
hunter in the early days of its history. Dyar 
Selby, the grandfather of our subject, was a native 
of New York and a pioneer of Ohio. He was a 
man of varied capabilities, especially in mechanical 
appliances, being at once a millwright, carpenter, 
cabinet-maker, wheelwright, and blacksmith. His 
ingenuity was so largely developed and his observa- 
tion so keen that he was able to make almost any- 
thing in iron, wood, brass, horn, or steel. He built 
a number of sawmills and found constant occupa- 
tion at some one or other of his different trades. 

John W. Selby is the third in order of birth of a 
family of twelve children, of whom eight are liv- 
ing at present, he being the eldest. He was reared 
on the farm of his parents and received a com- 
mon-school education. Upon the breaking out of 
the late war he enlisted in Company H, 186th 
Ohio Infantry, and served vvith credit till the 
close of the conflict. In April 1866 he went to 
Washington County, Ohio, and the spring of 1870, 
he removed to Pottawatomie County, Kan., loca- 
ting at first in Union Tuwnship, where he remained 
one year, then settled on his present place. 

Mr. Selby was married in Athens Countj', Ohio, 
April 8, 1866 to Miss Lydia A. Parkins, a daughter 
of Marshall and Catherine (Murray) Parkins. The 
father of Mrs. Selby is a resident of Bern Town- 
ship, Athens Co., Ohio, but her mother has passed 
over the deep flowing river of death and taken 
up her abode in the land of perijetual sum- 
mer. Mr. and Mrs. Selby have become the parents 
of eight children of whom seven survive to the 
present time. The}^ are named respectively: 
William S., Dyar K., Hines C, Marshall J., Sarah 
C, Jeremiah J., and George E. The}' are all at 
home under the parental care. 

Jlr. Selby owns a fine farm of IGO acres of land, 
well improved and under good cultivation. He 

also raises stock for the market and has had good 
success in that branch of agricultural life. He and 
his family stand high in the esteem of their neigh- 
bors and Mr. Selby's superior qualifications have 
iminted him out in unmistakable terms as a man 
fitted to fill positions of trust, so they have, very 
properly, elected him to a number of such places 
in all of which he gives perfect satisfaction. He 
has been Township Treasurer, Township Clerk, 
School Director and Clerk of the board for eleven 
years, besides other positions. He is an active 
worker for his party, which is the Republican one, 
and is a member of the G. A. R. Mrs. Selby and 
her eldest two children, William and Dyar, are de- 
voted and worthy members of the Christian Ciiurch. 
They are not contented with a mere profession of 
religion but are active in all Christian work and 

\f/KSSE ARGANBRIGHT is the owner of a 
fine farm comprising 250 acres of fertile 
land in Center Township, Pottawatomie 
^^j// Countj'. and is engaged in farming pursuits, 
being interested not only in the raising of grains, 
but also of stock, and having an average of sixtj^ 
head of cattle and seventy -five head of hogs. Not 
onl3' is he a man of influence among other farmers, 
but he is well-known in political circles, and sup- 
ports the Republican party, with the principles of 
which he is in hearty sympathy. The Methodist 
Protestant Church has him enrolled as one of the 
members thereof, and his life is an exemplification 
of his religious belief, being consistent, and above 
reproach. He is connected with the School Board, 
and in other wa3's identified with the interests of 
the community'. 

Mr. Arganbright, whose native State was Ohio, 
was born M.ay 24, 1844. His father, Abraham 
Arganbright was a native of the Buckeye State, 
and vvas born March 22, 1822. In the home of 
his birth he still resides, being interested in agri- 
cultural pursuits, which has been his lifelong occu- 
pation. Politicall}', he is a Democrat, and has 
held minor offices within the gift of his part}' in 
Ohio. He married, in early life. Miss Susanna 
Tweed, who was born Oct. 2, 1820, in Ross County, 



Ohio. She closed her eyes to the scenes of earth 
in 1876, when about fifty-six years of ni^e. Her 
parents were .Tesse and Rach.ael (Hickson) Tweed, 
both of whom were natives of Virginia, whence 
they removed to Ohio at an early day. Mr. Tweed 
was by occupation a bl.acksmith, and died in the 
Bucke3-e State when seventy years of age. His 
wife survived to the age of eightj'-one j'ears. 

A family of eleven children was born to the 
parents of our subject, who are named as follows: 
Sylvester, Jesse, Mahlon. Mary, Martha, Emeline, 
Henr}', Sarah, Elting, and two who died in infancj'. 
Henry died when twenty-three 3^ears of age, and 
Martha at the age of thirt}'. Our subject was the 
second child in the family, and passed his youth in 
the ordinary, uneventful manner, of farmeis' boys. 
He was deeply interested in farming pursuits, and 
being quick in resources, aiul fertile in plans and 
ingenuity, he was enabled to prosper where others 
failed. However, he realized that Ohio contained 
little for him in comparison with the broad prairies 
of the Western .States, and forthwith, resolved to 
seek a home lieyond the "Father of Waters." 

In 1887 Mr. Arganbright came to Kansas, and 
locating in Pottawatomie County, devoted his la- 
bor and time to the development of a homestead. 
His original purchase was eighty acres in Center 
Township, but the acreage has been increased to 
250, located on sections 8, 20, and 30. His resi- 
dence is on section 8, and is a commodious and 
conveniently arranged rural home, with outbuild- 
ings adapted to the needs of the estate. On his 
farm Mr. Arganbright has good gi-aded stock, of 
which he makes a specialty. He has been success- 
ful in this venture, and finds stock-raising fairly 

That Mr. Arganbright is a fortunate u'an, none 
will dispute after becoming acquainted with liis 
wife, who is a model wife and mother, affectionate 
and devoted to her own family, and hospitable to 
guests beneath her roof. She was in youth Mary 
A. Ault, and was born in Ross County, Ohio, Nov. 
9, 1848. Her parents were William and Kllzabetb 
(Jones) Ault, likewise natives of Ohio. Mr. Ault 
is a farmer by occupation, and is now past his three- 
score years. Our subject and his wife were united 
in marriage Dec. 31, 18G7, and have become the 

parents of seven children, named respectively: 
Lydia, James, Chauncey, William, Minnie, Porter, 
and Sarah M., all living. They are receiving good 
educations In the district schools, and are being 
prepared for whatever station of usefulness awaits 
their future. Socially, they are welcomed into the 
best families, whom they, in turn, entertain be- 
neath their hospitable roof. 

^ ,'-r .''^'4y^^;^fL^^J.__,., 

U<X\ ALKER FALINE. Since his first arrival in 
Kansas in 18G0, this gentleman suc- 
ceeded above the average of mankind in 
accumulating this world's goods, and is- 
finaneially speaking, the most independent farmer 
of Blue Valley Township, Pottawatomie County. 
His splendid estate comprises 800 acres in that and 
Spring Creek townships, the entire amount being 
tillable land, and 400 acres possessing the deep and 
inexhaustible soil of the Blue bottoms. The estate 
is well improved, with neat fences and substantial 
farm buildings, which Include a stone house, 
stone barn, and a windmill and tank, while an or- 
chard beautifies the place and adds its fruits to the 
comforts and remunerative products of the home. 
Mr. Faline is extensively engaged in raising cattle, 
generally having from 1 50 to 200 head, and feeding 
about two cars of cattle and two of hogs per year. lie 
breeds full-blooded Poland- China swine and graded 
Norman horses, having now twenty-five head of 
the latter on tlie farm, in the work of which he 
runs five teams. 

Mr. Faline is the son of Magnus and Anna (Nel- 
son) Faline, who died in Sweden, their native land, 
in 1874. The father operated a farm, and both 
parents were worthy members of the Lutheran 
Church. The grandfather of our subject also l)ore 
the name of Magnus Faline, and for thirty years 
belonged to the Swedish army, serving in the Fin- 
land War three years and the French War five 
j^cars. During the latter he was taken jii-isoner at 
Lubeck, Germany, and held in captivity in France 
for a long time. After leaving the arm\- he en- 
gaged in farming. The parental family consisted 
of eleven children, four of whom — Christine, 
Krick, Alfred and Anna — died In infancj'. Of the 



seven who grew to manhood and womanhood, 
Charles J. is now living in this township; Louisa is 
deceased; Magnus lives in Sweden, as does August, 
also; Charlotte, Mrs. Linbloom. lives in this town- 
ship; and Gustav is deceased. 

The natal day of our subject was Oct. 24, 1836, 
and his place of birth Linkopingslan. .Sweden. Ke 
remained at home until the age nf nineteen, and 
from that period worked out by the jear until 1858, 
when he left his native land for a borne in America. 
Leaving Gottenberg he sailed to Liverpool, where 
he took passage on the sailing vessel "Julia," after 
forty-three days spent on the Atlantic landed at 
Castle Garden, New York City. His journey was 
performed in the fall, and he worked on a farm 
near Galesburg, 111., until tlie spring of 1860, when 
he went to Burlington, Iowa, theuce by boat to 
Kansas City, Mo., and thence on foot to the home 
of J. A. Johnson, in this township. 

Purchasing 160 acres on section 14, which formed 
the nucleus of his present flue estate, Mr. Faline 
remained in this vicinity six months, and then re- 
turning to the Missouri River on foot, continued 
his journey by rail to his former place of residence, 
where he again worked upon a farm until the fall 
of 1862, when he returned to Blue Valley Town- 
ship, and began the improvement of his farm, per- 
forming his work with oxen. On Aug. IG, 1864, 
he enlisted in Company C, 17th Kansas Infantry, 
was mustered into the service at Leavenworth and 
sent out on the plains scouting after the Indians and 
protecting the stages. On the 4th of November he 
was mustered out,the time of his enlistment having 
expired, and returning to his farm resumed his ag- 
ricultural employment. He has added to his origi- 
nal purchase and for the land which he owns has 
paid various prices, ranging from SI. 25 to §17 per 

Mr. Faline is a member of the Blue Valley Stock 
Breeders' Association and is a stockholder in the 
National Bank at "Westmoreland. He was one of 
the principal instruments in securing the building 
of the bridge across the Blue, working hard for that 
object .and subscribing a large sum of money 
toward its accomplishment. He takes great inter- 
est in educational matters and in the endeavor of 
the citizens to keep up good schools, and has 

served as School Director four ^ears, and also 
helped build the first school-house in the district. 
In 1864 he cast his first Presidential vote,;his fa- 
vored candidate being Abraham Lincoln, and the 
party to wliich he then gave his adherence has re- 
tained his suffrage from that time. He is an active 
worker in its ranks, and has been a delegate to 
countj' conventions. Mr. Faline belongs to the 
Swedish Mission Church at Balla Guard. Liberal 
and public spirited, of keen observation and active 
intelligence, and with the cordial nature and 
sturd3' enterprise of the race from which he sprang, 
Mr. Faline is justly regarded with great respect by 
his fellow-citizens and has many and warm friends 
among them. 

Ifk/A ARTIN V. INGRAHAM. Among the in- 
telligent and . highly-respected business 
men of Westmoreland, ti;e above-named 
gentleman deserves notice for bis energy 
and integrity in business affairs, and for his ui)- 
rightness and stability of character. His fellow- 
citizens have not been slow to recognize his worth, 
and are turning his business ability to their own 
advantage by placing him in the offices of Street 
Commissioner and City Marshal. His private 
business enterprise in Westmoreland, is the conduct- 
ing of the Big Red Liver\^ Feed, and Sale Stables, 
of wliich he is the owner. 

The father of our subject is Abram Ingraham, 
whose birthplace near Parkersburg, W. Va., 
and bis natal day, July 28, 1811. When a young- 
boy he went to Ohio, and on arriving at man's es- 
tate married Miss Eleanore Horn, settling as a far- 
mer near Alexandria, Licking Countj', where he 
still lives. His wife died in 1848, when her son 
Martin, was but a small boj'. 

The gentleman of whom we write first saw the 
light in Licking County, .Jan. 3, 1840, and lived 
there until tliirtj' j-ears old, getting a good prac- 
tical education, and the knowledge of agricultural 
pursuits acquired by spending one's early life on a 
farm. In 1862, he engaged wilb two older bro- 
thers in mercantile pnrsuits in Findlay, and after a 
residence there of two years, changed his location 
to Cardin<i;ton, where he continued in business un- 



til 1868. He then went on the road as a salesman, 
following that employment for fourteen j-ears. 

Daring the first four years of his life as a com- 
mercial traveler, Mr. Ingraliam covered Oiiio. 
New York, Pennsylvania and Indiana, bj- rail and 
by driving. He was then transferred to a route 
which covered Missouri, Kansas. Nebraska, Iowa, 
and Southern Dakota, and having traveled this 
every year until 1882, he purchased a farm of 240 
acres of land in this count}', on which he engaged 
in farming and stock-raising during the succeeding 
five j-ears. In August, 1887, he moved into West- 
moreland, bujing a livery on Third Street, between 
State r.nd Main, and a sliort time after\yard erect- 
ing a substantial and attractive dwelling on Main 
Street. He still owns 160 acres of outlying land, 
and is engaged in breeding Norman horses. 

The marriage of j\Ir. Ingraham was celebrated 
at tlie home of the bride on Pleasant Run, this 
county, June 14, 1882, the lady whom lie chose 
as a companion in life being Miss Inez, daughter of 
George and Sarah (Tibbets) Van Dusen. Slie was 
born in Iowa, May .5, 1865, and her parents soon 
after removing to this county, she was reared and 
educated here. Her union with Mr. Ingraliam lias 
resulted in the birlh of two bright ciiildren — Sadie 
and Fred. 

Mr. Ingraliam lias not sought pulilic office, the 
positions which he now holds having been thrust 
upon him by the citizens who saw in him an al)le 
public servant. He afHliates with the Masonic or- 
der, but does not belong to an}' other social body, 
nor to any religious organization. His financial 
standing is the result of his own capabilit}-, and the 
higii regard in which he is held bj' all who know 
him, is the natural result of his fine principles and 

c^^HOMAS B. FORTUNE resides in Louis- 
m^^) ^'"^ Townsliip, Pottawatomie County, on 
^>^^ land which became tiic family home in 1873. 
The 240 acres ij'ing on section 4 of the above 
named township, which was raw land when settled 
upon by this family, is now thoroughl}' cultivated 
and well improved. Stock-raising is the principal 
business conducted upon it, and large numbers of 

graded stock are handled from year to year. Be- 
neath the hospitable roof of the dwelling good 
housekeeping and good cheer abound, and no 
settlers in this vicinity are held in higher repute 
than those whose home is beneath tliis roof. 

Thomas Fortune, the father of the gentleman 
whose name initiates this notice, was born in Edin- 
burgh, Scotland, .Ian. 6, 1812, and came to Amer- 
ica when a mere boy, settling in Esses Count}', N. 
Y. There he grew to manhood and learned the 
business of a quariyman and marble worker. He 
moved into Maryland, where in 1851 he was uni- 
ted in marriage with Miss Elizabeth Ann Bussey, a 
native of Harford County, of that State. Mr. 
Fortune owned a marble quarry near Baltimore, 
from wliich he furnished stone for two wings of 
the Patent Office, stone for the first 180 feet of the 
great Washington monument, and the pedestal of 
the Jackson monument, all in our National capital. 
Mr. F''ortunc is a master of his trade, and one 
whose noble qualities of heart and mind are 
quickly recognized by all with whom he comes in 
contact. His wife is a worthy companion, possess- 
ing in her own nature many flne'qualities, and both 
are very much liked in tliis vicinity. Though 
quite advanced in years they are still hale and 
hearty. Of the six children that have been born 
U) them, three are now living. Our subject, with 
whom they make their home, is the eldest. Harry 
married Patience Johnson, and lives in Union 
Township this county, their family including two 
children. Bettie is the wife of Robert Pope and 
their home is in Topeka. They also have two ciiil- 

The subject of this notice was born in Maryland, 
Dec. 16, 1853, and received an excellent common 
school education. F'rom his native State he came 
to Kansas with his parents in 1873, and built the 
home which he still occupies, and began the culti- 
vation of the estate which is now so attractive and 
valualile. Tlinugh still a young man he has already 
a fine standing as an intelligent agriculturist and 
an able manager of his business affairs, as well as 
a high reputation for morality and uprightness of 
life. In lf<86 lie was united in marriage with Miss 
Eva, daughter of William and Ruth Johnson, of 
Centre Township, Pottawatomie County. Mr. 



Johnson died in 1885, and his widow now makes 
her home with the brother of our subject in Union 
Township. She is now sixty years of age. The 
happy union of Mr. and Mrs. Fortune has been 
blessed by the birth of two children: Katie' and 
Thomas A. The former was born Jan. 24, 1887, 
and the latter Oct. 31, 1889. 

Mr. Fortune is a member of Lodge No. 122, 
I. O. O. F. of Louisville. He takes an active interest 
in politics and votes the Democratic ticket. 


■^f" OHN J. DAVIS is one of the pioneers of 
Pottawato:r,ie County, having located on 
his farm hi 1-69. At that time lie had no 
nearer neighbors than the few settlers who 
lived from two to three miles away, but game and 
Indians were frequently seen and served to vary 
the monotony of the lonely life on a new farm. 
Mr. Davis was bom in Utica, N. Y., Sept. 5, 1841. 
When he was but a small child his parents re- 
moved to Racine, Wis., and continued to reside 
there until the time of their death, which occurred 
when our subject was only four years of age. Da- 
vid and Elizabeth Davis, the parents of our sub- 
ject having been laid to rest, the little orphan was 
kindly cared for by friends and taken to Dane 
County, Wis., where he grew to be a youth of 
nineteen years. The friends who reared hira were 
farmers, and he learned many valuable lessons from 
his contact with farm life. 

The black war cloud which loomed above the 
horizon in the fall of 1860, grew in density and 
volume throughout the winter of 1860-61, until it 
complete!}' overcast the political firmament of the 
Union. The first flash which indicated the begii\- 
ning of the storm shot athwart the sk}^ from Ft. 
.Sumter, and immediately the mass of gloom which 
hung abi)ve the nation like a heavy pall, resolved 
itself into two migiity foices contending for tlie 
ma<tcry. What the issue would he no one ".is wise 
enougli to foretell, and our sniijcct did not wait to see 
which side would conquer, hut threw himself into 
the struggle to battle for the right as he was given 
to see the right. Althou<rh but ay-ulh of nineteen, 
he enlisted in Company E, 8tn Wisconsin Infantry, 

and set forth to fight for the honor of the old flag. 
His regiment carried a live eagle with them known 
as "Old Abe,'' and it accompanied them every- 
where. They were successively attached to the 
armies of the Mississippi, Tennessee, the Cumber- 
land and the Gulf. The}' took part in the battles 
at Corinth, Fredericktown, Island No. 10, New 
Madrid, Corinth, second engagement :Shiloli, reach- 
ing the Beld as the battle was almost finished; 
Farmington, luka Springs, Champion Hills, Yicks- 
burg and Nashville. They were through the cam- 
piagns of Richmond, Louisiana and up the Red 
River. On that expedition our subject was twice 
taken prisoner, the first time at Bear Creek, where 
while fighting gallantly he was surprised by the 
enemj' and detained a few hours, when he was res- 
cued. The next time was at luka; at night the 
Confederates were not able to guard their prison- 
ers closely, owing to the fact that they were re- 
treating, and Mr. Davis watched his chance and, 
without saying farewell, quietly slipped off. If in 
the future he should chance to^meet his captors, he 
will take pleasure in making amends to the best of 
his ability for his lack of courtes}' at that time. 
However, his haste to be off ma}', perhaps, be ex- 
cused, considering the circumstances. Mr. Davis 
was in the army from Aug. 23, 1861, to Septem- 
ber, 1865, a little over four years. 

When our subject was mustered out of service 
he returned home and attended school during the 
f.all and winter. In the succeeding spring he went 
to Kansas City, Mo., and secured work at running 
a steam sawmill. While in that business he was 
injured, and was obliged to leave it. He then 
went to Coatsburg, Hancock Co., 111., where he re- 
mained a short time, then leaving, he removed to 
Kansas and located on the farm where he is at pres- 
ent. He tot)k up raw land and has made all the usual 
improvements since that time. In doing the work 
requiied he was obliged to depend upon himself, 
as he not able to hire it done. He has a good 
house, first-class barn and an orchard of 600 trees. 
In addition to this he has a fine lot of excellent 
shade trees, which are not only of great use to tlie 
I cattle, but are an ornament to the entire place. 

The marriaire of Mr. Davis and Miss Laura A. 
Newton was; celebrated in Olathe, Kan., Aug. 28, 



1873. They have become the parents of five chil- 
dren, whose names arc: P^dna L., James L., F. 
Arthur, L^dia A. and Frank. Mrs. Davis was 
born in "Wisconsin in 1843, and lived in tliat State 
until 1871, when she came to Kansas and engaged 
in teaching. She is a fine, intelligent woman, .an 
affectionate wife .and mother, and a good neighbor, 
always ready to respond to the call for help from 
whatever source it may come. 

Mr. Davis assisted in organizing the district in 
which he resides and was its first Treasurer, liolii- 
ing the office for ten successive years. He has no 
political asjiirations, however, and prefers to let 
others fill the positions of honor and emolument. 
He is a man of splendid ability, and has demon- 
strated the fact by the management of his place. 
He has now a well-cultivated estate of 255 acres 
of land and is spoken of by all who know him as a 
man of sterling integrity, unimpeachable veracitj', 
and a generous friend in time of need. 

'j^^ ILS PETER JOHNSON ranks higli among 
I jjj the influential Swede settlers of Pottawat- 
11\JjL) omie County, being, with one exception, the 
owner of the largest amount of landed property 
belonging to any citizen of Blue Valley Township. 
His estate is pleasantly located on section 12, and 
comprises 1,700 acres of fertile land, 600 of which 
are located on the wide and extensive bottoms of 
the Blue, while the entire tract is in a good state of 
cultivation and embellished with farm buildings of 
a modern type. Probably the most attractive spot 
on the farm is the site of the residence, a stone 
structure, built in 186G, and surrounded by a beau- 
tiful lawn, with evergreens and other trees, while 
in the distance may he seen the orchards and groves. 
The pastures are admirably adapted to the wants 
of the fine stock with which the place is stocked. 
He usuall}- feeds from 200 to 250 head of cattle, 
principally Shcrt-horns; twenty-five head ;if horses, 
grade Normans, and owns two shares in the Blue 
Valle}' Stock- Breeder's Association. Not only is 
this the result of INIr. Johnson's unaided efforts, but 
even his education been principall3f self-ob- 

tained, and proves what can be accomplished by 
unremitting energy and careful business manage- 

The ancestral history of our subject is quite fully 
given in the personal sketch of his brother, John 
A. Johnson, also a prominent citizen of the same 
township. Of Swedish birth, Mr. Johnson was 
born in Linkoping, Nov. 30, 1828, and as it was 
prior to the time of free schools, his education was 
limited, and his youth was passed in a compara- 
tively uneventful manner. His early religious 
training was received from his mother, with whom 
he remained until twenty-one years old, and then 
was employed b}' a minister, whose estate he man- 
aged until 1852. At that time he took the most 
important and wisest step in his life, determining 
to come to America, and to seek within her almost 
boundless borders a home for himself and family. 
In company with his brother, and his wife, with 
whom he had been united in marriage only a few 
weeks, he sailed from the port of Gotten berg, 
May 12, 1852, embarking on the sailing-vessel 
"Virginia," and landing in New York City after a 
V03'age of six weeks and four days. 

In Galesburg, 111., our subject established a 
home, buying a house in partnership with three of 
his countr3'meu. He was emploj'ed on various 
farms in that vicinity until 1856, when he came ;o 
Kansas. His brother, John A., had preceded him 
here and located on the Blue. In the spring of 
that year our subject, accompanied by his wife and 
child, took passage in a prairie-schooner, drawn by 
two 3'oke of oxen, and thus started on their long 
trip. The Mississippi was crossed at Okowanka, 
and the Missouri at St. Joseph. Had he not been 
a foreigner he would doubtless have had didiculty 
in getting beyond the latter city, as it was in the 
possession of people of Southern sympathies. They 
presumed he was a Democrat, as were most of tlie 
foreigners at that period, and allowed him to pass 
on. He made his w.ay, with Isaac; Walker and sev- 
eral other old settlers of Marshall County, to Bar- 
ret's Mill, where he left his team and famil3- and 
started out on foot to look for his brother. He 
accidentally met the latter as be was coming out of 
his shaniy, which he had built on a part of his 
present possessions. He found it veiy difficult to 



bring his team and wagon down to his present 
place, as he was compelled to traverse seemingly 
perpendicular bluiis, and often was obliged to lock 
all the wheels of his vehicle. However, he was 
successful in pre-empting his homestead of 160 
acres, which he did May 22, 1856, the day Law- 
rence was first burned. This claim he purchased 
in 1859. His was the first Swedish family in Kan- 
sas, his brother being a single man at that time. 
Mrs. Johnson enjoys the distinction of being the 
first Swede lady in the entire State. 

AVhen Mr. .Johnson located in Blue Valley Town- 
ship, wild game was plentiful, and he had great 
sport in hunting turkeys and other small game. He 
has watched with keen interest the growth and de- 
velopment of the surrounding country, and has 
been an important factor in its progress. He was 
impressed with the beauty and fertility of the Blue 
Vallej', and the farm which he selected has become 
so endeared to him bj^ associations that he says 
nothing could induce him to leave it. He has 
added to its mouej^ value every year, and has im- 
proved it, having all modern conveniences tiiat are 
now found on well-regulated estates. He owns 600 
acres of land located near Garrison, 160 acres 
near Olsburg, while the balance of the 1,700 is 
situated in Blue Valley Township. In earl3' days 
the pioneers went to the river ports to trade, the 
trip occupying a week. Corn was hauled to Marys- 
ville, and by this means Mr. .Tohnson paid for the 
land he purchased in 1859. 

In the spring of 1864 Mr. Johnson left home and 
family, joined a Kansas regiment, and went out on 
the plains after the Indians. In October thej' were 
sent against Price, going as far as Kansas City, 
when the}' ascertained that he had been conquered. 
He was mustered out at Leavenworth. In politics 
he is a Republican, first, last and always. Of the 
Lutheran Church at Mariadahl he has been Deacon 
and Trustee for ni.any years, and was one of the 
charter members thereof. He is a stockholder of 
the Bank of Randolph, and has been School Treas- 
urer for six years, assisting to build the third 
school-house in this county. He is also Supervisor 
of Roads. 

The wife of our subject is of Swedish birth and 
parentage, having been born in Linkoping, that 

country ,Oct. 2, 1829. She was in youth Sophia Ole- 
son, and was married to Mr. Johnson April 1 2, 1852, 
only a short time prior to their departure for the 
United States. Seven children have been born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Johnson, namely: Emma, John W.. 
August, Alma, Victor E., Matilda and Otto. Emma 
became the wife of J. O. Maxwell, a farmer in Blue 
Valley Township. John W. is a farmer by occupa- 
tion, and owns 200 acres of land : he married Alma 
Burklun. August is on the home farm; Alma is 
the wife of the Rev. C. E. Elving, of Omaha, Neb.; 
Victor E. married Alice Peterson, and is now cash- 
ier of the Bank of Randolph; Matilda and Otto 
are under the parental roof. Oct. 2, 1889, a reunion 
of the Johnson family held at the home of our 
subject, celebrating the thirtieth anniversary of his 
mother's arrival in Kansas. He being the oldest 
member of the household was president of the oc- 
casion. The representatives of this family in Pot- 
tawatomie County now number more than seventy, 
and all of them are influential citizens and worthy 
members of society. 

p. BISHOP has a very pleasant and attract- 
., ive home on East Fifth street, in Holton, 
which he erected in 1869. He has Ic-ng 
been a resident of this city, coming here 
when it was in its infancy, and has been an active 
factor in promoting its development. He was for 
a period of fourteen j'ears prosperously engaged in 
the drug business here. He has also been exten- 
sively identified with the agricultural interests of 
Jackson County for a long time, improving no less 
than four fine farms, three of which are still in his 
possession, and under his excellent management 
have become valuable property. 

A native of "Washington Count}', Ohio, April 
12, 1829, was the date of his birth. His father, 
Gilbert Bishop, was born in New York. Jan. 19, 
1802. His father, bearing the same name as him- 
self, was also a native of the Empire State, and was 
one of a famih' of nine sons and one daughter. 
The grandfather of our subject was reared in his 
native State, and early learned the trade of a car- 
penter. He was one of the first settlers of Ohio, 



locating fourteen miles from Marietta. He took up 
a tract of timber land in the primeval forests of 
that region, and besides worl<ing at his trade cleared 
his land and improved it into a farm before his 
death. He reared three sons and live (laughers 
to good and useful lives. 

The father of our subject was nineteen 3-ears 
old when his parents removed to Ohio, and he ac- 
companied them, and after his marriage there, 
bought a tract of forest-covered land in Washing- 
ton Count}', and for a time devoted himself to its 
clearance and to its cultivation. But after the 
death of his wife he turned his attention to the 
study of raedicini'. and attended medical lectures 
at Chicinnati two winters. He became a successful 
physician and surgeon, and practiced manv 3'ears 
in Hocking, Muskingum and ^Monroe counties, 
Ohio, where he was considered one of the leading 
members of his profession. In 1845 he removed 
to Logan, Hocking Count}-, and, opening an office 
there, for more than thirty years he engaged in his 
calling in that place till his busy career was cut short 
by the hand of death in March, 187G. His face and 
form were familiar in many a household where he 
was the venerated physician and friend, and his 
removal from the scene of his labors n-as mourned 
by many, while the memory of l;is lionoral)le, well- 
spent life is warmly cherished by all who knew him. 
Our subject was early called to lose the loving care 
of a mother, as she died in 1831, while 3'et j'oung. 
Her maiden name was Harriet Ford, and she was 
born in Washington County, Ohio. Her father, 
Judea Ford, was a native of ]Massachusetts, and a 
pioneer of Washington Count}', where he cleared a 
farm, whereon he died in the fullness of years. 

He of whom we write early sought to gain an 
education, attending school whenever opportunit}' 
offered in the newlj' settled countr}- where he was 
reared, for. in his^'outh, Ohio was still in the hands 
of the pioneers, and schools were held in the 
jirimitive, rudel^'-built log houses, with puncheon 
floors, chimneys on the outside and built of sticks 
and earth, slal) benches with wooden pegs for legs, 
and greased paper inserted in the openings from 
which a log bad been removed, admitting the light. 
After his father's removal to Logan, our subject 
attended the village school, and later worked on a 

farm and in the woods getting out ties, hewing and 
sawing lumber, etc. He made his home in Logan 
until 1866, when he and his wife came to Kans.TS 
with a team, bringing with them a part of their 
household goods. They located in Ilolton. which 
then had about 250 inhabitants, and tlie surrounding 
country was but thinly settled, the nearest rail- 
way station being at Atchison. ^Mr. Bishop at 
once established himself in the drug business in 
company with J. L. Williams, buying out the first 
drug-store ever opened here. Later he bought out 
his partner and continued in thebusiness until 1880, 
having in the meantime greatly extended it, and 
then sold stock and leased the building. Mr. 
Bishop had previously invested a good deal in land, 
and since retiring from the drug business he has 
devoted himself to improving farms, and still owns 
three of the four that he has developed since that 

Maj' 1, 1859, Mr. Bishop took an important step 
in life, whereb}' he secured a faithful wife, who has 
devoted herself to his interests, and has greatl}- 
aided him in the establishment of their commodious, 
comfortable home. Mrs. Bishop's maiden name 
was Catherine Scanlin, and Ireland was her place of 
birth; she came to this country when she was six 
months old. 

A perusal of this brief biograjjh}' will show that 
Mr. Bishop has met with unqualified success in life 
from a financial point of view, and he has won an 
honorable place in the business circles of this 
county, and among his fellow-citizens, by whom he 
is M'ell regarded, as he possesses those traits of 
character that mark an honest man. one who is kind 
and considerate in his dealings with his neighbors, 
and is open handed and liberal with his means. ■ 

ij^yjj within the limits of Blue Valle}- Township, 
11 11 few men more widely or favorably known 
;^ than the subject of this notice. He is in- 

dependent, financially, and has been prominent in 
local affairs, holding the various otHces and other 
positions of trust and responsibility. He has a 
beautiful home, presided over by a very intelligent 



and accomplished wife, and is the owner of 665 
acres of land in Blue Valley Township, besides 160 
acres near Garrison; his residence is on section 2. 
In the biography of J. A. Johnson, on another 
page of this volume, may be found a sketch of this 
branch of the Johnson family who for generations 
back were born and reared in Scandinavia. An- 
ders v., now a man of fifty years, was born Sept. 
20, 18.39, in Linkopingslan, Sweden, and enjoyed 
the advantages of the first public schools in his na- 
tive country, which were opened when he was a lad 
of nine years. He assisted his father on the farm 
until he was sixteen years old, and meanwhile com- 
menced an apprenticeship at the shoemaker's trade, 
but as he did not like this he only followed it one 
year. Afterward he resumed farming, i-emaining 
a resident of his native country until the spring of 
1859. At this time, when twenty years of age, he 
determined to emigrate to America, going first to the 
port of Lubeck, Germany, on the steamer '• Bore," 
and thence bj' cars to Hamburg, where he boarded 
a sailing vessel the " Donan," which after a voyage 
of forty-six days landed him safely in New York 
City. In the meantime the voyagers encountered 
severe storms, by which they were driven so far 
north out of their course that they could see the 
sun for twenty-one hours in succession, and al- 
though it was in the month of July, they were ob- 
liged to wear their overcoats. 

From the metropolis Mr. Johnson proceeded by 
rail to Leavenworth, Kan., and tlience by team to 
his brother's place on the Blue River. He en- 
gaged by the month at farming, and in the spring 
of 1860 entered a claim of 160 acres of his present 
farm by means of a land warrant. This was located 
on Shannon Creek, and Mr. Johnson at once be- 
gan the improvement of his purchase, building first 
a log house. lie cultivated part of the land, but 
during 1862-63 added to his cash income by freight- 
ing, making two trips to Denver and the mountains 
with ox-teams. In the fall of 1862 he worked in 
the Russell Gulch Mines for three months. A year 
later he was in the State militia, doing guard duty 
at Manhattan after the burning of the city of Law- 
rence. In the fall of 1 864 he was with tlie State 
troops two weeks during Price's raid, going as far 
as Kansas City. Later he turned his whole atten- 

tion to farming, in which he was thereafter uni- 
formly successful, and by degrees increased his 
landed possessions, until he became one of the lead- 
ing land-owners of his township. He has laid over 
600 rods of stone fence, has planted forest and 
fruit trees, erected buildings, and effected all the 
other imin'ovements naturally suggested to the 
mind of the enterprising farmer. His land lies 
along the Sliaunon Creek, being thus well watered 
and amplj' supplied with timber. 

Mr. Johnson put up the first residence on the 
Shannon in 1867. He has a commodious barn and 
other necessary outbuildings, a windmill, water- 
tanks, a tenement house and the latest improved 
farm machinery. His laud is mostly devoted to 
live stock, including graded Short-horn cattle, of 
which he feeds from one to two cars each year, and 
two car loads of swine. He makes a specialty of 
graded Norman and Cleveland Bay horses, having 
eighteen head in all. He is a jirominent member 
of the Blue Valley Stock Breeder's Association and 
at present the Secretary. 

Mr. Johnson was married in St. George, Pot- 
tawatomie County, Aug. 15, 1867, to Miss Maria 
L. Simkins. This lady was born in Columbiana, 
Ohio, Aug. 12, 1846, and is the daughter of the 
Rev. J. W. Simkins, a native of LaFayette County, 
Pa. The paternal grandfather was Daniel Simkins, 
who was born in Wales, and who upon emigrating 
to America settled first in Pennsylvania, whence he 
removed later to Columbiana County, Ohio, set- 
tling upon a farm where he spent his last days. His 
son, J. W., fitted himself for a teacher, which 
profession he followed principallj' during his after 
life, although he learned brick-laying, at which he 
occupied himself during the summer seasons. lie 
left the Buckeye State in 1862, coming to Kansas 
and purchasing a farm in the vicinity of St. George. 
He also followed teaching here for a number of 
years, and from early manhood officiated as a min- 
ister of the Christian Church, laboring thus in the 
Master's vineyard for a period of forty years. He 
is still living and is now seventy-eight years old, 
and still owns his farm near St. George where he 
resides. He has been prominent in local affairs, 
serving .as County Assessor two years, County 
Commissioner two years, was Justice of the Peace 



several years, and usually voted with the Republi- ■ 
can party. His sympathies are now willi the Pro- 

The mother of Mrs. .Johnson was in her maiden- 
hood Miss Prudence Blackburn, likewise a native 
of Columbiana County, Ohio. Her father was 
Samuel Blackburn, a native of Ireland, and who 
when a child emigrated to America with his par- 
ents, they settling in Maryland. Samuel when a 
young man emigrated to Columbiana Conntj', Ohio. 
He participated in the AVar of 1812, and after it 
was ended returned to the farming and blacksinith- 
ing pursuits in which he had been bred. When an 
old man he went to live with his son in Meigs 
Count3'. and there spent his last days. 

Mrs. Prudence (Blackburn) Simkins, was born 
in 1812 and became a bride in 18.30. She and her 
husband celebrated their Golden Wedding nearly 
ten j'cars ago. There were born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Simkins nine children, the eldest of whom, a son, Al- 
liert, is emiiloyed in the office of The Mall and Ex- 
presH in New York City ; during the late war he 
was connected with the United States Treasury De- 
partment at Washington, having first served as 
Private Secretary under Salmon P. Chase. Mar- 
garet died when about forty -six j^ears old ; Mannassa 
was Superintendent of Schools in tills county four 
j'ears, but is now deceased; Fanny, Mrs. Carson, 
lives in Cincinnati, Oliio; Lizzie, Mrs. Tinker, is a 
resident of Brooklyn, N. Y. ; Maria L., Mrs. John- 
son, was the next in order of birth; Emma, Mrs. 
Hartwell, lives in Meriden. this State; Charles died 
when two years old; Mnry died when six years of 

Mrs. Johnson was reared in Cheviot near the 
city of Cincinnati, Ohio, and acquired a very good 
education in the public schools. She came to Kan- 
sas with her parents in 1S62 and soon aftei'ward 
began teaching, at the age of sixteen year.s. She fol- 
lowed this professsion in Jefferson. Pottawatomie 
and Davis (now (jeary) counties, until her niaiiiai;e. 
Slie first taught in the old log school house, into 
which light was .ndmitled by a row of window 
panes running the length of the room, and uheii the 
Indians frequently rode up and looked tliiough. 
frightening both teachers and scholars. They, 
never, however, offered any violence, but would 

frequently remark to the neighbors "white squaw, 
heap children," evidently under the impression 
that all the children were her own and that she was 
keeping house. Later this remark was partially 
verified, as of her union with our subject there 
were born six children, viz: Stanley who died when 
sixteen months old; F. Lelia, Leslie, Mertyn and 
Elwyn, twins; the latter died when five years 
old ; Carol. They have also an adopted child, Le- 
nore. The eldest daughter was for a time a stu- 
dent-in Campbell University at Holton, where she 
paid considerable attention to the art of painting, 
and Leslie is now attending that institution. 

Mr. Johnson during the early days was an expert 
with his rifle, and frequently went out hunting, 
and upon one occasion killed five buffaloes. He 
hauled the shingles for his house from Atchison in 
18G7. He alwaj's maintained a warm interest in 
the growth and development of the count}-, and es- 
pecially encouraged the building of school-houses 
and the employment of "the best teachers. He has 
been the clerk of his scliool district since 1863. He 
also officiated as Justice of the Peace two years; 
Towship Trustee five 3'ears; Township Treasurer 
eight 3'ears and Township Clerk two years. He 
assisted in the building of four churches at 01s- 
burg, including the Methodist, of which donomin.a- 
tion he has been a member since earl}^ manhood. 
Politicallj', he is a live Republican and active as a 
temperance worker. 

^ OIIN THORNBURROW is one of the large 
land-owners of Jackson County, and an old 
resident of Netawaka Township, where he 
took np a claim in 18.58, beginning his resi- 
dence upon it in tlie 3'ear ISO I. He is a son of 
Edward TliDrnl'urrow, a praclicd farmer, and game 
keeper for Lord Lonsdale, in WcslniMreland, Eng- 
laiul. where our ^ubject was born June 28, 1833. 
He leceived a limileil education in the common 
schools of tli;it county, anil .1 pr.ictic-d Iraiiiini; in 
the occupation which his father so well undc-rstood. 
He was in the twentieth year of his 'ige, when he 
left his native country for a home in Am^ nci, id 
first headquarters in this country being Blooming- 



ton, 111., where he worked in the hrickyards, fol- 
lowing it by working in the mines at LaSalle, 111. 

After having spent two years in the United 
States, Mr. Thornbiirrow returned to England for 
a few months, during which time he was united in 
marriage with Miss Mary, daughter of George and 
Hannah Burn, of his own shire. This was in 1855, 
and returning to America, accompanied by liis 
wife, Mr. Thornburrow lived in LaSalle until 1858. 
The couple then came to Kansas, and after filing 
upon a claim went to Kickapoo. where Mrs. Thorn- 
burrow was taken sick, and where she died a short 
time after their arrival. She left no children, two 
whom she had borne, having died in their infancy. 

Our subject remained near Leavenworth about 
two years, and Jan. 1, 1860, married, his second 
wife being the daughter of William Thorp, of 
Prestwitch, near Manchester, England. In 1861 
they came to the claim in this county, which con- 
sisted of the northwest quarter of section 7, Xeta- 
waka Township, and in proving up on it, ilr. 
Thornburrow bought a warrant for SI 60 with which 
he paid for his land, receiving his |)atent from tiie 
Government. Our subject has since added to his 
landed estate 1,300 acres in the neighborhood of 
bis home, and all well-fenced. Having made the 
cattle business his principal occupation since com- 
ing here. Mr. Thornburrow devotes the greater part 
of his land to pasture and meadow, raising grains 
only for family use and for feeding, and also buy 
ing large quantities from his neighbors. 

On his places our subject has two dwellings, one 
of them being his own fine residence on the origi- 
nal homestead. The tenant houses are substantial 
frame buildings, and his own dwelling is a two- 
story structure, 28x28 feet, with six foot porches 
running on two sides. The latter was begun in 
the year 1861, and rebuilt in 1879, together 
with a barn, 34x54 feet, with stables, which is 
built on a side hill, the main building being 
eighteen feet high, with a mow for fifty tons of 
ha}-, granary for 1,500 bushels of grain, and stall 
room for twenty- two head of horses. Apple and 
other fruit trees have been set out around the dif- 
ferent houses, and such other improvements made 
as one would expect from a pi-osperous and enter- 
prising farmer. Mr. Thornburrow has always aimed 

to get the best Durham stock, his experience being 
that the cattle of that breed are the most profitable 
to raise. He has always fed and shipped from two 
to six car-loads per season. 

Mrs. Mary Thornburrow, the second wife of our 
subject, departed this life in March, 1869. She 
had borne six children, all of whom survived to 
mourn her loss: Edward W. is unmarried, and 
lives on a farm near Goff, in Nemaha County; 
Mary A. is the widow of M. Scott, of this county, 
who died March 23, 1887, leaving one child, .Jen- 
nie E.. aged three years; Robert is married, and 
lives on his own farm, which adjoins that of his 
brother near Goff; Samuel, who is unmarried and 
at home, owns a farm in Nemaha County ; Eliza- 
beth Ann, a finely educated 3'oung lady, is still at 
home; John, who was the youngest child of Mrs. 
Mary Thornburrow, died at the age of five j-ears. 

The third wife of Mr. Thornburrow, bore the 
maiden name of Ellen "SVhimple, and was born in 
Chautauqua County, N. Y. She departed this life 
in 1872, leaving one son, Ch'de C who is attend- 
ing the business college in Lawrence, and who in- 
tends to complete the course of study there. 

In politics, Mr. Thornburrow is a Republican. 
He was reared in the faith of the Episcopal Church. 
A high degree of business prosperity has attended 
his efforts in life. As a man of uprightness and 
morality, of intelligence and kindly spirit. Air. 
Thornburrow is regarded with respect by his fel- 
low-citizens, who look upon him as one of their 
most reliable and substantial associates. 


ARRIS J. THOMPSON. The gentleman 
whose name is here presented is one of the 
leading men of Shannon Township, where 
'>i^) he owns 960 acres of land, embracing the 
whole of section 29 and one-half of section 19, the 
family residence being on the latter section. He 
was an old settler of Jackson County, h.aving lo- 
cated in that county in 1868 when he first became 
a citizen of Kansas. He was born in West Groton, 
Tompkins Co., N. Y., Feb. 7, 1828, and resided in 
the home of his childhood until his twenty-seventh 
3'ear. He attended the schools of his native place, 



but was sent to Ithaca, N. Y., to complete his edu- 
cation. When it was finished he entered the ranks 
of the teachers, and taught school during the fall 
and winter seasons, but kept on working at the 
farm in vacations, until he was twenty-six years of 

November 15, 1853, is a day long to be remem- 
bered by our subject, as upon that day he was 
wedded to Miss Lucinda Owen. After his mar- 
riage he removed to Locke, N. Y., and engaged in 
the business of general merchandising. He next 
removed to Milan, Livingston Co., Mich., in 1861, 
and engaged in the milling business. Subsequently 
he went to Norwalk, Townsend Station, Huron Co., 
Ohio, where he was occupied in milling and wood- 
bending for two years. Nov. 3, 1868, after casting 
his ballot for Gen. Grant, our subject started with 
his family for the West, going from Cincinnati to 
St. Louis via boat, and thence bj- rail to Grasshop- 
per Falls, now Valley Falls, Kan. Immediately after 
his arrival he set up in the business of general mer- 
chandising, and also took up 160 acres of land in 
Jefferson Township, near Circleville. This was 
raw land, with no houses within many miles. In 
1869 he moved upon the place, and built a shant3- 
12x18 feet in which to shelter bis family until he 
could improve the land and build a better house. 
Energetically he set to work and broke up the sod, 
planted a crop, set out trees for shade and shelter, 
planted orchards of various fruit trees, such as 
apple, peach, pear and cherry, and also put in a • 
stock of small fruit, including a large supply of 
strawberries, and in general made all improvements 
that are usually found on the most enterprising 
farms. He also leased and improved 160 acres, 
building good stables and corn-cribs on each place, 
and also engaged in the business of stock-raising. 
He made a fine farm of it, and resided there till 
1880, when he disposed of his entire lot of stock, 
machinerj', and everything, even to an ox-team. 
Included in the sale were 100 head of fine horses 
and the same number of hogs, showing that he had 
prospered during the time that he had been on that 

LTpon leaving the farm in Jefferson Township, 
Mr. Thompson went to Holton and engaged in the 
livery business, which he carried on in connection 

with the farm that he had just moved from. In 
1884 he removed to Pottawatomie County, and 
bought a large farm of raw land, with no fences, in' 
the neighborhood. During the years that have 
elapsed from 1884 to 1889, he ha,s made surprising 
progress in the way of improving his place. He 
has 600 acres under plow, and expects to break the 
balance of his land, some 360 acres, in 1890. He 
has all the place fenced and cross-fenced, and had 
this year (1889) corn rows that were a mile long. 
He purchased the fine farm residence that he now 
lives in, and has a comfortable and elegant home. 
His farm is one of the finest and largest in the 
township. His land is all tillable, and to guard 
against the possibility of a drouth, he has put up a 
windmill that will supply all the water needed on 
the large estate. 

Mr. Thompson has no political aspirations, and 
is not a member of any party, but votes as his 
judgment dictates. Mrs. Thompson was born in 
Venice, Cayuga Co., N. Y., Dec. 29, 1831. When 
only one j'car old her parents removed to Genoa, 
N. Y., which they m.ade their home till 1850. She 
was educated in the schools of Milan and Groton, 
and accompanied her parents to Dryden in 1850, 
where she remained till her marriage. She taught 
school from the time she was thirteen and one-half 
years of age up to the time of entering the home of 
her husband, and attended school during the vaca- 
tions. She is a bright attractive lady, and has 
kept up her reading all through the years of her 
life since coming West. To Mr. and Mrs. Thomp- 
son have been born two children: Frank II. and 
lone, both of whom are of home with their parents. 

Daniel Owen, the father of Mrs. Thompson, was 
born in New Jersey, in March, 1800, and accom- 
panied his parents to Genoa. N. Y., when quite 
young. He grew to manhood in the latter place, 
and there married his wife. Miss Elizabeth Johnson, 
of Locke, N. Y., who was also born in the year 
1800. They resided in that place till 1850, when 
they removed to Dryden, N. Y., and remained 
till 1869, when they once more changed their resi- 
dence, and settled in Groton, Tompkins County, 
where they now live at the age of eightj'-nine 
years. They are devoted members of the Bap- 
tist Church, and have been in that communion 



for many j'ears. They are highly respected peo- 
ple, and have mai^y warm friends in the neighbor- 
hood. Mr. Owen keeps in vigorous health, and as 
an instance of his vitalit}' it may be stated that in 
1887, when he was eight5'-seven 3'ears of age, he 
walked two miles to the polls, and having expressed 
his political preference by depositing his ballot, 
walked back home. 

Jacob H. Thompson, the father of our subject, 
was born in Lansing, Tompkins Co., N. Y., in 1804, 
and grew to man's estate in his native place. He 
learned the carpenter's trade, and worked at it till 
he was twenty-eight years old. During the time 
that he was engaged at the trade he built some of 
the finest houses of that date in the cit^' of Au- 
burn. He was united in marriage with Mrs. Susan 
Allen, nee Sellen, about November, 1826, and re- 
moved afterward to West (iroton. They lived 
in the same house in that place during all the 
rest of their lives, and were finally removed from 
it by the messengers from the other world. The 
father departed for the better land in 1876, but 
the mother continued to reside in iier earthly home 
till about 1880. Tliev were consistent Christian 
people, and members in good standing of the 
Ch.istian Church. Mr. Thompson, who is the sub- 
ject of this sketch, and his familj-, occupy a lofty 
position in the regard and esteem of the people of 
their community, and are in every respect worthy 
of the confidence which is reposed in them. Mr. 
Thoraijson is a man of whom it can be truthfully 
said, that -'his word is as good as his oath." 


HAKLES E. MOKRIS, who is now filling 
,., _ the otlice of Sheriff of Pottawatomie Countj-, 
^^^J is one of the most high!}- respected citizens 
of the county, where he has resided for almost a 
score of years. He settled in Lone Tree Township, 
in March, 1870, taking up a homestead of raw land, 
reclaiming it from its primitive condition, and 
making of it a beautiful and highly productive 
estate. When he first came to his homestead, most 
of the things necessary to sustain life and furnish 
a home were brought from Wamogo, twenty-five 

miles distant. His rural estate is now marked b}- 
all the improvements which an enterprising farmer 
could desire, and is a home both attractive and 
comfortable. When elected to the position which 
he now holds, two years since, Mr. Morris removed 
to Westmoreland, where he now resides. 

The birth of Mr. Morris took place near Chicago, 
111., Feb. 7, 1849, and his early life was spent in 
Ogle County. His father died when he was but 
five months old, and his mother was taken from 
him when he was but seven j'ears of age. Not hav- 
ing the advantages of early schooling, such as are 
common to most boys, he has, by his individual 
efforts, obtained a good practical education, and 
overcome the deflciences of his early years. Though 
"only a boy," Mr. Morris had a patriotic spirit, 
and at the early age of fifteen years entered the 
Union army, his enlistment dating from Oct. 9, 1 864, 
and he being enrolled in Company K, 2d Illinois 
Light Artillerj-. He was sent to the AVestern Di- 
vision, his first active service being at Memphis, 
after which he continued to faithfully discharge 
his duties until Aug. 14, 1865, when he was dis- 
charged at Chicago. 

Returning to Ogle County, Mr. Morris remained 
there until 1868, in the spring of wliich year he 
went to Marshall County', Iowa, and two years 
later came to Kansas, as above stated. He had not 
long been a resident of this county ere obtaining 
companionship in the person of Miss Susie M. Baker, 
with whom he was united in marriage Jan. 25, 
1872. The lad}-, who has been his capable and 
loving associate in home life, was born and reared 
in Adeline, 111., and is the daughter of William C. 
Baker, a farmer there. To Mr. and Mrs. Morris 
seven children have lieen born, of whom one lias 
been taken from tliem by death. The survivors 
are: Alice. Melva. Katie, Henry, Mary and Donald, 
who will receive the best educational advantages 
which tlie loving desires and worldly means of 
their parents can compass. 

Mr. Morris is a ma'iof thorough business ability 
and energy, and is highly respected bv the people 
of the county. He filled the office of wliich he is 
now the incumbent in a creditable and acceptable 
manner during his first terra, and was re-elected, in 
1889, by the handsome majority of 935 votes. He 



has held every township office, except that of Just- 
ice of tlic Peace, serving as Trustee for a number 
of years. He iielped to organize School District 
No. 53, and was Treasm'er of the same for eleven 
years. He holds membership in the social orders 
of the 1. O. O. F. and the A. O. U. W. 

The parents of Mr. Morris were Charles E. and 
Liieinda (Warner) Morris, both of whom being na- 
tives of the Empire State. They went to Michigan 
in the early part of the century, and in that State 
the father died, the mother departing this life a 
few years later in Illinois. 

II. WILLIAMS. In this gentleman. Jack. 

(.@'£Jl! son Count}' has one of its representative 

i*> citizens and business men, one wlio has 

passed much of his life within its bordersi 

las witnessed its developjuent, and since attaining 
mnnliood has been influential in iiromoting its 
welfare. From his pioneer home in tliis part of 
Kansas, he went forth to battle for his country 
when lie was scarcely nineteen years of age; and 
since the close of the war he been variously 
identified with the interests of the county, and for 
several j-ears activcl}' aided in maintaining law and 
order in the responsible position of Sheriff. Since 
1888, in company with W. H. Webster, he has been 
successfully engaged in the real-estate and insurance 
business, representing some of the leading insurance 
companies, with his office and home in Holton. 

Sept. 27, 1843, our subject was born in Union 
Township, Morgan Co., Ohio, to J. W. and Eliza 
(McKeever) Williams, natives, respectively, of 
Ik'lmont County. Ohio, and Count}- Derry, Ire- 
land. The paternal grandfather of our subject, 
Richard Williams, was a Virginian by birth, and a 
son of William Williams, who was a farmer and 
spent his last years in Morgan Count}-. Ohio. The 
grandfather of our subject removed from his na- 
tive State to Ohio, and was a pioneer farmer of 
Belmont County, and later of Morgan County, 
■where his death occurred. The maternal grandfather 
of our subject. Clark McKeever, was a native of 
County Derry, Ireland, and his father was a native 
of the same county, being a descendant of Scotch 

ancestry. He visited America, but returned to 
Ireland to die in his old home. "^. The grandfather 
of our subject located in Westmoreland County, 
Pa., after coming to this country, and from there 
removed to Ohio, and was a pioneer settler of 
Morgan and Hocking counties. In 1857 he came 
to Kansas Territory, and bought Government land 
in Douglas Township. Jackson County, at the gen- 
eral land sale. This venerable pioneer of the 
county resided on his homestead until his death, 
in 1889, at the advanced age of ninety-one years. 
The maiden name of his wife was Jane Wallace. 
She died in 1859. 

The father of our subject was bred to a farmer's 
life in his native State, and shortly after his mar- 
riage tliere he bought a tract of partly-improved 
land in Union Township. In the log house that 
stood on the jilace our subject was born. Mr. 
Williams resided there until 1856, busily engaged 
in improving .ind cultivating his land, which he 
then sold, and the two ensuing years lived in Hock- 
ing County. At the end of that time he left Ohio 
and came to Kansas to cast his lot with its pioneers, 
the removal being made by cars to Cincinnati, and 
thence by the Ohio, Mississippi and Missouri 
rivers to Leavenworth, and from there by team to 
Jackson County, arriving here on the 7th of April. 
He bought a tract of prairie land in what is now 
Douglas Township, and after building a comforta- 
ble dwelling he entered upon the work of breaking 
and cultivating the soil, and in the busy years that 
followed he developed a fine, well-tilled f.arm that 
compared favorably with others in the township, 
and he was numbered among the most substantial 
and worthy of the early settlers of that place, who 
contributed so largely to its growth and prosperity. 
In 1889 he rented his farm, and is now living in 
honorable retirement in Holton, where he and his 
wife have established a pleasant home, in which 
they can enjoy the competence that they have 
gathered together by their united toil. 

The subject of this biographical review was 
fourteen years old when he came to this State with 
his parents, and he remembers well the incidents of 
pioneer life here. Jefferson City, IMo., the 
nearest railwiiy station for a time, and in tliis wild, 
sparsely settled region deer, wild turkeys and other 



ij-ame still lingered, anrl a few miles to the west 
buffaloes roamed at will over the uncultivated prai- 
ries. Our subject resided with his parents until 
he was eighteen years old, when he became a sol- 
dier, enlisting Aug. 18, 1862, in Compan}- B, lltb 
Kansas Infantrj-, for a term of three years, or until 
the close of the war. He was sent with his codi- 
rades to Arkansas and Missouri, and they fous'ht 
nobly in the battles of Ft. Wayne and Cane Hill. 
In 1863, Mr. Williams was discharged on account 
of disability and returned home. But after he was 
sufflcienth' recuperated he enlisted again, in the 
spring of 1864. He was, however, rejected after 
examination, which showed that the brave young 
soldier was still suffering from the hard life that 
he had led while in the army. Disappointed in 
his desire to serve his country further, he resumed 
farming, and was thus engaged until .Tuly, 1865, 
when he enlisted in company B, 17th Kansas, for a 
term of 100 days, to assist in quelling disturbances, 
on the Kansas and Missouri border. After that 
ex))erience he returned to Douglas Township, and 
carried on agricultural pursuits there nntil the 
following year, when he married and came to IIoI- 
ton, and for a time was a clerk in a general store. 
He then served four years as Deputy Sheriff, and 
in 1873, so well had he performed the duties of 
that subordinate position, he was given the com- 
l)liment of election to the higher oflice of Sheriff of 
the count}'. He was re-elected in 1875, and his 
whole course of discharging the onerous labors of 
.that important oflice was marked by fearlessness, 
discriminating tact and a true sense of his obliga- 
tions to the public as an honest, faithful official. 
He subsequently became interested in the drug 
business in this city, and carried it on until 1885, 
when he sold out his stock, and in 1886 he went to 
California, and for six months was engaged in the 
real-estate business in Pasadena. Returning to 
this State and city, he formed a partnership with 
W. H. Webster, and they have since continued 
together in the real-estate, abstract and insurance 
business, representing some of the leading compa- 
nies of the United States. They transact a large 
amount of business in these various branches, and 
are among the first firms in their line in the county. 
Mr. Williams has been married twice. His first 

marriage was to Miss Mar}' A. Graden, a native of 
Buchanan County, Mo., and a daughter of Jacob 
and Lavina Graden. She died in 1874, leaving 
one child, Francis E. The maiden name of our 
subject's present wife was Hattie L. Jones, and she 
was born in Bureau County, 111., a daughter of 
William H. and Hannah (Banister) Jones. This 
union has been productive of three children to our 
subject and his wife — Bessie M., Fred A. and 

Mr. Williams always takes a deep interest in all 
that pertains to his adopted city, and has ably as- 
sisted bis fellow-citizens in advancing all enter- 
prises looking toward its development in various 
wa}"s. At one time he was Mayor of Ilolton, and 
under his skillful direction the cit}- made rapid 
progress and manj- wise improvements were intro- 
duced. In politics, a stanch Republican, his in- 
fluence and means are generously placed at the 
disposal of his part}'. Sociall}', he belongs to Will 
Mendell Post, No. 46, G. A. R.. is connected with 
Friendship Lodge, No. 15, K. P., and belongs to 
Ilolton Lodge, No. 1769, K. of H. Mr. Williams' 
versatile talents and excellent business qualifica- 
tions have given him a place among the leading 
citizens of the city, and his liberal, kiniliy disposi- 
tion and true courtesy have won him man}' warm 
friends among an extensive acquaintance. 




^^EORGE G. WHEAT, ex-County Superin- 
jll g— . tendent of Pottawatomie County anda prom- 
^^JJ inent citizen therein since 1880, was born in 
Delaware County, N. Y., Dec. 17, 1857, and was a 
resident of the Empire State until he came here. 
He finished his education at the Delaware Literary 
Institute, after which he spent two years in the 
profession of teaching in that county. Coming to 
this county, he stopped at Louisville, and there 
continued his professional labors until 1884, when 
he was elected Superintendent of Public Instruction 
in this county. Having filled his term with credit 
to himself and in a manner acceptable to the people, 
he was, in 1886, re-elected to the office. He re- 
moved to Westmoreland, bought a pleasant site, 
and built a good home on Second and Cochrun 



streets, purchasing lots also on Main Street. He in- 
tends to make this place his future home, and has 
already become thoroughly' identified with its 
interests, having been, in 1888, elected to the Mayor- 
alty. Since the expiration of his count}' super- 
intendenc}', Mr. Wheat has resumed his professional 
labors, and is meeting with marked success in his 
chosen vocation. 

The Hon. George Wheat celebrated his marriage 
at the home of the bride, in St. Mary's, May 19, 
1885, the lady of his choice being Miss Eva S. 
Jeniier, daughter of Dr. J. F. Jenner. Two chil- 
dren have been born to the couple, one of whom 
still lives — George Frederick. Mrs. Wheat was 
born in this State. Oct. 26, 1863, and made her 
home at St. Mary's, her birthplace, until her mar- 
riage. Her education was completed at Washburn 
College, Topeka, and she is accomplished, cultured 
and refined. Her father is an old resident of St. 
Mary's, whose sketch occupies anotlicr i)age in this 

The Hon. Mr. Wheat belongs to the .\. O. U. W. 
He is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Cliurch, 
and has been Superintendent of the Sunday-school 
of this place for the past four years. As will be 
seen from the date of his birth, Mr. Wheat is still a 
young man, and should life and health be spared 
him, much may be expected in the years to come, 
his education, manly character and courteous man- 
ners, fitting him for extended usefulness and an in- 
fluence far beyond the school-room. In his chosen 
field he is capable of much good, in molding the 
characters of the rising generation by his precept 
and example, and their minds by his clear and 
forcible explanations and demonstrations of tiie 
branches of the curriculum. 

The father of our subject was George W. Wheat, 
whose birtli took pbiee in Delaware County, N. Y., 
on All Fool's Day, 1821. His occupation was that 
of a farmer, and he lived on the old homestead 
which his father, Silas Wheat, had cleared up, and 
which was his home until his death, in 1888, at the 
advanced age of ninety-six years. George AV. 
Wheat married Jliss Alice E. (iay, born in the 
same county, and tliej- reared a family of seven 
boys, all of whom are still living, our subject being 
the fourth in order of birtli. William D. is en- 

gaged in the pursuit of agriculture in this county; 
Silas C. is principal of the schools in JNIadison, N.J.; 
Walter D. was graduated from Williams College, 
in 1886, and is now teaching in New Jersey; J. E. 
is in business in Los Angeles, Cal. ; Frank I. was 
graduated from the Madison University, at Boston, 
and is now completing a theological course in the 
same institution; Charles S. lives on the home- 
stead of his parents. 

\1S;. R. J. W. STEWART. There are few of 
{I jlj the old residents of Olsburg and vicinit}' 
.^J^^ who deserve more honorable mention than 
Dr. Stewart, one of the pioneers of Kan- 
sas, and one who has especially distinguished him- 
self as a temperance advocate. As a physician and 
surgeon he is in the enjoyment of a good practice, 
which he secured at an early stage by his faithful 
attention to the duties of his calling, and knowl- 
edge of his profession. For many years he has 
been prominent in local affairs, voting the straight 
Republican ticket, and giving his support to the 
measures calculated for the general welfare of the 
people. He was Justice of the Peace at one time, 
and while a resident of Washington Count}-, offi- 
ciated as Clerk of Lincoln Township two years. 

A native of Jefferson County, Ind., Dr. Stewart 
was born near the city of Madison, Nov. 16, 182U, 
and has consequenth' just reached his threescore 
years. His father, (Jcorge A. Stewart, was born 
near Dayton, Montgomery Co., Ohio, Dec. 13, 
1802, and his paternal grandfather, William Stew- 
art, was born in Virginia. The latter upon leaving 
the Old Dominion, removed to Kentucky, and from 
there to Ohio, settling on the Little Miami River, 
where he entered land and prosecuted farming. 
Later he donated his property to the Shakers, among 
whom he became a preacher and lived at Shaker- 
ville for seven years. Finally, becoming dissatisfied 
he purchased a farm near Dayton, upon which he 
resided until 1818, and then removed to Jefferson 
County, Ind. There he once more entered land 
and became well-to-do. Finally, however, he re- 
turned to Ohio, settling in Adams County, where 
he spent his last days, lie served as a soldier in the 



War of 1812. He married Miss Sarali Raburn, a 
native of Kentucky, who died of cholera in 1838. 

The paternal great-grandfather of our subject, 
was a native of Scotland, and a soldier in the Eng- 
lish army. He came to America during the early- 
Indian troubles as Braddock's Adjutant General, 
and when returning to civil life, settled on a farm 
in Virginia. Upon tiie outbreak of the Revolution- 
ary War, he joined Washington's army, and served 
until the independence of the Colonists was estab- 
lished. He died in Mrginia leaving only one son, 
William. The family trace their ancestry back to 
Mary, Queen of Scotts, and were lineal descendants 
of Walter and Alex. Stuart, who were beheaded. 

George A. Stewart, the father of our subject, 
lived among the Shakers seven years. He accom- 
panied his father's family to Indiana in 1818, and 
entered land, clearing a farm of 160 acres near 
Madison. In 1836 he removed to the vicinity of 
Logansport, where he farmed until the s[)ring of 
1838, then going into Jliami County, took up a 
claim on the Five Mile Indian reservation. In 
1841 he sold this and removed to Wabash County, 
where he improved a farm of 160 acres, and died 
in 1881. He was a Class-Leader in the Methodist 
Episcopal Church for over thirty years. The 
maiden name of the mother of our subject was 
Anna Wilson. She was born in Kentucky, and was 
the daughter of William Wilson, a native of ^'ir- 
ginia. who served in the War of 1812. He settled 
in Kentucky at an early day, but later removed to 
Montgomery County, where he engaged in farm- 
ing. He spent his last days in Jefferson County, 
Ind., dying in 1834. Mrs. Anna Stewart became 
the mother of six children, and died at the home- 
stead in Wabash, Ind., in 1878. The eldest son, 
William, and his sister, Mrs. Mary C. Jack, are 
residents of Wabash County, Ind.; Jeremiah Wood, 
our subject, was the third in order of birth; Sarah, 
Mrs. Wheeler, lives in Marshall County, Kan. ; 
Annette, Mrs. Riddle, lives in Blue Rapids, this 
State; Henrietta, Mrs. Baker, resides in Wabash 
County, Ind. 

Dr. Stewart was a lad of twelve j-ears when he 
accompanied his father's family to Wabash Count3-, 
Ind., where he assisted in clearing the farm, and 
pursued his studies in a log school-house. When 

sixteen years old, he began an apprenticeship at 
carpentering and cabinet-making, which he fol- 
lowed four \'ears at Chili, and later, from 1852 to 
1854, we find him in Kokomo, where he operated 
as a builder and contractor. Then returning to 
Wabash, Ind., he changed his occupation and be- 
came a clerk and book-keeper in a mercantile house. 
In 1857 he began the study of medicine under the 
instruction of Dr. T. C. Hunter, a horaeopathist, 
with whom he remained one year, then prosecuted 
his studies by himself while he ran a boat on the 
Wabash and Erie Canal, during the summer sea- 
son, lie employed the winter months in study 
with some of the leading phj-sicians of Wabash. 

Thus occupied until 1863, Dr. Stewart then sold 
his canal boat and began the regular practice of his 
profession in Texas, Ohio. In the fall of 1864, he 
returned to Wabash, and sojourned there until 
1870, practicing medicine. Determining now to 
cross the Mississippi, he set out overland by team, 
and coming to Washington County, homesteaded 
land which he improved and which his boys when 
old enough, began operating,' while the Doctor fol- 
lowed his profession. He framed the petition for 
the post-office, and named the town Koloko. In 
the fall of 1881, the doctor removed to Olsburg, 
and entered into the practice which he still prose- 
cutes. In 1H84 he purchased the city hotel, which 
he conducted until the fall of 1889. He is now 
running a livery barn, and is considerably inter- 
ested in full-blooded Poland-China swine, being 
very successful as a breeder. He has erected a 
neat residence in Olsburg. which he expects to make 
his permanent home. 

Dr. Stewart w.a.s first married in Chili, Ind., 
Sept. 25, 1851, to Miss M.irtba Iliff, a native of 
Henry County, that State. Her father was the 
Rev. James Iliff, who was a minister of the United 
Brethren Church, and for several years the Auditor 
of Henry County. Of this union there were born 
two cliildren, the eldest of whom, Charles M., is a 
telegraph oper.ator at Conway Springs, in Sumner 
County, a stock-holder in a sugar factor}-, and also 
engaged in the livei'y business. George A. is in 
the employ of his brother Charles, at Conw.ay 

On the 6th of March, 1856, the Doctor contracted 



a second marriage, at Texas, Ohio, with Mrs. Clar- 
issa J. Allen, a native of Mantua, Ohio. Iler par- 
ents were Richard and Julia (Miller) Curtis, who 
were natives of Connecticut and Massachusetts, re- 
spectivelj'. Richard Curtis departed this life in 
Feb. 14, 1849, when the wife of our subject was 
but ten years of .age. He was a farmer by occupa- 
tion, and a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and was a Class-Leader at the time of his 
death. Julia Miller was the descendant of a fam- 
ily wlio came over on the Mayflower, and trace 
their ancestry to Holland. Six children were born 
of this marriage, the eldest of whom, a d.aughter, 
L. May, is the wife of William N. Asli. and carries 
on a millinery and dressmaking establishment at 
Olsbuig; Anna W. died of scarlet fever when past 
four years of age; Walter A. is the manager of 
his half-brother's livery barn at Conway Springs; 
Molly; Nellie, and Ira, are at home with their par- 
ents, and are being given good school advantages. 
Miss M0II3' is attending the St.ate Agricultural Col- 
lege at Manhattan. 

^ ^--^^-^ ^ 

KNUDSON. This gentleman 
bears the distinction of being one of the 
pioneer settlers of Blue Valley Township, 
^/ and by a course of industr}' and prudence 

lives in independent circumstances. He is widely 
and favorablv known throughout this part of Pot- 
tawatomie County, where he has hosts of friends. 
He has been a useful citizen in all respects, and 
since a child has been connected with tlie Swedish 
Lutheran Church, in which lie still continues an 
active member and one of its chief pillars at 01s- 
burg. He may be properly termed a self-made 
man — one wlio has worked his way from tlie foot 
of the ladder to an enviable position socially and 
financially. His propertj' includes a fine farm of 
400 acres on sections 12 and 1. where he makes his 
home, and which is numbered among the most 
valuable estates of the county. 

In reviewing the antecedents of our subject we 
find that his father was Knud Olson, a native of 
Norway and a farmer by occupation. He was a 
very industrious and enterprising man, becoming 

well-to do and the owner of two farms. The mai- 
den name of the mother was Barliara Halverson. 
She died in 1843. Five of their children are liv- 
ing: Thore is a resident of Wisconsin; Ole is still 
living in Norw.ay; Anna, Mrs. Gull)r.and, resides in 
Minnesota; Halvor died in Kansas about 1874; An- 
ders, of this sketch, is the youngest. He was born 
in Urdal, Preslejeld. Walders, Norway, June 18, 
1831, and there spent his boyhood days on his 
father's farm, attending a common school. He re- 
mained under the home roof until a man of twenty- 
three years, then purchased a small farm, which he 
operated for a time, then sold out and purchased a 
larger farm in the .same neighborhood. He oper- 
ated this until 1857, then selling out resolved upon 
emigrating to America. Setting out from Bergen, 
on the sailing-vessel "Ganger Rolf," he landed in 
Quebec. Canada, .and thence coming into the St.ates, 
made his way to Manitowoc County, Wis., where 
he sojourned one year. Thence he came to Kan- 
sas, settling three miles south of Atchison, where 
he worked in a sawmill until the spring of 1862. 
He then came to Bine A'alley Township, and early 
in the following spring homesteaded IGO acres of 
the land which he .settled upon. The follow- 
ing winter he went b.-ick to Atchison and worked 
in a sawmill until he could make money enough to 
locate upon his land. He was one of the first 
homesteaders in Pottawatomie County. He put up 
a log house on Shannon Creek, where he could 
have plenty of water and timber, as these were the 
essentials in a new country. 

Our pioneer proceeded with the improvement of 
his property during the progress of the Civil War, 
but in the fall of 1864 joined the State Militia dur- 
ing Price's raid. He, however, was on dut^' only 
a short time. The log house in due time gave 
way to the present commodious stone residence, 
and by degrees Mr. Knudson put up additional 
buildings and gathered together the best improved 
machinery. The entire farm is devoted to stock- 
raising — indeed is considered one of the best stock 
farms in the county. In the spring of 1883, on 
account of failing health, Mr. Knudson rented his 
farm and removed to Wisconsin. There he pur- 
chased a farm near Rice Lake, of 160 acres, in one 
of the most beautiful districts of the Badger State, 



and where he lived until the fall of 1 888. He then 
returned to his Kansas home, which he prefers to 
any other spot on earth. He is one of the promi- 
nent stock men of Nortliern Kansas, and a member 
of the Blue Valley Stock Breeder's Association. 

Mr. Knadsou before leaving his native country 
was married, in Walders, April 8, 1854, to Miss 
Moret Oleson, who was born in Walders, Sept. 9, 
18.34, and is the daughter of Ole Tollefson. The 
father of Mrs. Knudson was a farmer in his native 
country, whence he emigrated to America about 
1867, and settled in Minnesota, where he died about 
1880. The mother, Ragnild Ericksdatter, died 
in Norway. There were born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Knudson three children: Ole, who was accidentall}' 
drowned in Cornaban Creek when fifteen years old; 
Knut, who died at the age of seventeen, .and Bar- 
bara, who died in infanc}'. 

Upon becoming a voting citizen Mr. Knudson 
identified himself with the Repulilican parly, in 
the success of which he has alwaj's maintained a 
warm interest. He has held the offices of School 
Director and Road Supervisor at different times. 
He is a member of the Swedish Lutheran Church, 
at Olsburg, and has assisted in the erection of four 
different church edifices. He has watchetl the 
growth and development of Pottawatomie County 
with the interest of a native-born citizen, and has 
been no unimportant factor in bringing it to its 
present position. In his church he has officiated as 
Deacon for several j'ears. 

yilLLIAM BENTLEY, a prominent and 
prosperous farmer who resides on section 
W^ 24, Rock Creek Township, Pottawatomie 
Co.. Kan., has a well-cultivated farm comprising 
200 acres of land lying on sections 24, 2.3, and 
2G. He was born Aug. 18, 1831. in Coshocton 
County, Ohio, and was taken by his parents to 
Pike County, 111., in the same He was reared 
in the latter county, and received a good practical 
education in the public schools. In 18.56 he re- 
moved to Iowa, where he learned the trade of a 
plasterer, .and worked at it in Wapello County six 
years, making his home during that time in Ot- 

tumwa. While a resident of that place, he mar- 
ried Miss MalindaC. Shaul, March 15, 1857. Three 
years later he engaged in farming, following that 
occupation in connection with his trade, until the 
time of his removal to Kansas, which was in the 
fall of 1873. 

Upon the arrival of Mr. Bentley in Pottawatomie 
Count}', he jjurchased land entirelj' uncultivated, 
and commenced farming operations, striving to 
make his improvements permanent as much as it 
was possible, but of course much that is done on 
absolutely new ground, is of necessity of a tempo- 
rary character. However, as rapidly as his means 
would permit, Mr. Bentley put everything on a 
permanent and substantial basis. He has now all 
the improvements demanded by the most enlight- 
ened spirit of the age, and has at various times 
added to the size of his place, until it now numbers 
as above stated, 200 acres. He has a fine apple 
orchard, and as good and productive a farm as can 
be found in the township. 

Mr. Bentley has been honored with the position 
of School Director, Township Clerk, and Road 
Overseer. The latter office been held by him 
for some five or six j'ears. He does not desire 
office, but in the above cases has consented to serve 
his neighbors in the positions to which tiiev elected 
him. His political sentiments are in accordance 
with the Republican part}-, with which he votes. 
He and his family are members in good standing 
of the Christian Church, and are highl}- respected, 
and cordially liked bv neighbors and friends. Mr. 
and Mrs. Bentley' have become the parents of the 
following children, viz: Frank H., at present a 
farmer; William II., who is a residentof California; 
O. Lafayette married Miss Carrie Atkin, a daugh- 
ter of William Atkin, and thej' are tiie parents of 
one child, Alta Irma; C. C. married Miss Kittie 
Roliinson, and resides on a farm; one daugh- 
ter, Hatlie A., and Albert. Gideon Bentle}^ tiie 
father of our subject, was born in New York, and 
there married Miss Harriet Wheeler. Not long 
after marriage he removed with his family to Ohio, 
and after a residence of a few years in that State, 
removed again and locate<l in Illinois, where he re- 
mained until the close of his life. 

Mrs. Malinda (Shaul) Bentley was liorn in Hamil- 



ton County, Ind., Dec. 1, 1835, and is the daugh- 
ter of Einmon and Saiah (George) Shaiil. Mr. 
Shaul was a farmer, and when Malinda was seven 
years of age, he removed to Knox County, Mo., 
and in 1846 went to Iowa. He located two miles 
from Ottumwa. and resided there until after the 
marriage of his daughter, Malinda. Emmon Shaul 
was born in Harrison County, Va., July 2, 1802. 
Mrs. Sarah (George) Shaul was horn in Chillicothe, 
Ross Co., Ohio, Jan. 17, 1814. The date of their 
marriage was Jan. 28, 1832. They lived a num- 
ber of years in the State of Indiana, and after the 
emigrations mentioned above, made their final 
change to Kansas in 1873, locating in Pottawatomie 
County, where they at length ce.ased from their 
earthly pilgrimage after a long life of usefulness, 
the father passing away Jan. 31, 1875, and the 
mother, Dec. 12, 1885. 

-^/v -<jiae/®~^«< 

I **^£>§J/^^^?f»v.'w>^ 

^^=^EORGE T. BOLMAN, whose portrait ap- 
pears on the opposite page, occupies a 

beautiful home just outside the limits of 
Netawaka, Jackson Co., the grounds around it 
comprising twenty- .acres of valuable land. He is 
an " old salt " and has a wide knowledge of the 
world, his voyages having included ports in almost 
every part of the habitable globe. For the past 
decade he lias lived in this township, where he has 
been engaged in handling corn and other grains, 
and where hs has traded a great deal with Indians 
on the Kickapoo Reservation. He possesses all the 
bluff heartiness and kindness of heart, which are 
characteristic of tlie better class of sailors, and 
can " spin a yarn " in a most entertaining m.anner, 
his own observation and experience having shown 
him much that is stranger than fiction. 

Born in Lunenburg, Nova Scotia, and left an 
orphan at an early age, our subject went to Plain- 
field, N. J., to the home of his guardian, Mahlon 
Vail, and from there at the age of twelve years, 
shipped as cabin boy on a vo3'age to the West 
Indies. After his return from that trip, he attend- 
ed school for some time. Yielding once more to 
the fascination of the " boundless deep" he again 
souoht an ocean life. At the age of nineteen he 

held the position of second officer on board the 
bark " Rebecca," which was the property of M. N. 
Freeman & Co., the guardian of young Bolman 
being one of the company. The young num con- 
tinued his seafaring life in his guardian's interests 
until he was twenty-two years of age. in the mean- 
time making voyages to the principal ports in 
Australia, Peru, Africa, the West Indies and 
Europe. When twenty-four years old he became 
Master or Captain of a sailing vessel, and has since 
made trips around the world, following the sea for 
almost a quarter of a century. 

While in command of the brig " Lola " and 
when thirty-seven years old, Capt. Bolman was 
wrecked in the Gulf Stream. The vessel was loaded 
with lumber, and during a gale became water- 
logged and capsized, 300 miles from land. The 
crew consisted of the captain, mate and eight men; 
the captain's wife was also on board, having ac- 
companied him for pleasure. It was night and the 
captain was in his cabin, when the vessel went over 
and at once filled with water, cutting him off from 
the gang-way. Mrs. Bolman being unconscious 
the captain held her in his arms for about two 
hours, while they were dashed back and forth 
against the walls of the cabin, sometimes under 
water and sometimes above it. At length the masts 
broke from the ship and it righted, leaving the 
main deck about a foot out of water. Four of the 
crew had been swept away during the storm and 
now the remaining ones helped to get the captain 
and his wife on deck, where seven days and nights 
dragged slowly by. They had neither food nor 
water and were almost without clothing, having 
only their night garments ou when the gale struck 
them. Fearing the men would resort to cannibal- 
ism in the desperate strait to whieh they were re- 
duced, the captain secured knives which might be 
used as weapons, and gave the men to understand 
that the first one who proposed such a thing, would 
himself be meat for the rest. After being tossed 
at the mercy of the wind and waves for seven days, 
a sail was espied and a (lag of distress raiserji. The 
hope of rescue whieh had sprung up in the breasts 
of the ship-wrecked parly was changed to despair 
when the vessel passed without discovering their 
signal; however it was accidentally seen by one of 



the crew when several miles from the wreck, and 
changing her course the steamer " Giieen " picked 
up Ihe sufferers and kindly ministered to their 
needs, tliongli tlie only ch)tliing they could furnish 
Mrs. Bolman was a suit of man's attire. The 
rescuing vessel was bound for Queenstown, Ireland, 
where the survivors of the wreck were landed. 

Having abandoned a seafaring life, Capt. Bol- 
man rented a farm near Leavenworth in the fall of 
l&Gl, and operated the same for a twelvemonth. 
He then purchased a piece of land in Douglas 
County, and while tiiere, took a trip southward, 
during which he was lost on the prairie and without 
food for four da3's. During the same year he came 
to Netawaka, where he has since resided, with the 
exception of tiie jear 1883, which was spent in 
Leavenworth. In addition to his beautiful home 
on the outskirts of the town, Capt. Bolman has 
about $7,000 in bank stock. 

Capt. Bolman is a son f)f Charles Edward and 
Clara (Collins) Bolman. The former was a lawyer 
of some prominence and was a son of Dr. John 
Bolman, an early settler of Novia Scotia, with the 
early history of which he is closely identified. The 
Nova Scotia Gazette of Aug. 8, 1782, contains an 
account of an event of importance in the history 
of Lunenburg. On tlie 1st of July, 1782, that 
city was surprised by the appearance of six vessels 
under the command of one Capt. Stoddard, who, 
after landing ninety men, proceeded to devastate 
the town, destroying property to the amount of 
£12,000. They were only deterred from burning 
the place by receiving a promissory note for the sum 
of £1,000, payable one month after date to the 
order of Capt. Stoddard. I'his note was signed by 
P. De La Roche, Casper WoUenhaupt. and John 
Bolman. The citizens of Lunenburg naturally re- 
fused to pay the note, and a protest, published by 
the signers of the bond, was all the privateers ever 
saw in paj'ment thereof. The maternal grandfather 
of our subject was a refugee from the colonies to 
Nova Scolia and represented that Province in the 
Assembly. He married a Miss Bass, who belonged 
to a prominent family there. 

Capt. Bolman was married March 29, 1863, to 
Miss Jane E. DeWolf. Her father, James DeWolf, 
of Nova Scotia, was a merchantman of the high 

seas, and her paternal grandfather was a wealthj"^ 
ship-owner. Captain and Mrs. Bolman have four 
children two of whom were born in Leavenworth 
and two in Netawaka. Angeline and Emma De 
Wolf attended the schools at Netawaka, and later 
took a two years' course of study at Leavenworth. 
The first born son, Edward DeWolf, died at the age 
of twelve years; Walter ^'ail is now a promising 
lad of twelve jears. 

Capt. Bolman is a member of Polar Lodge. No. 
130, A. F. & A. M. He joined the Masonic fra- 
ternity in Nova Scotia, after having been around 
the world, and on his second circumnavigation he 
visited many lodges in the countries where he 

REDERICK BICKHART. This gentleman 
' bears the distinction of being one of the 
early pioneers of Kansas, to which he came 
in 1857, locating in Franklin County. Six years 
later he removed to Pottawatomie County, and se- 
curing a tract of land in Green Township, estab- 
lished himself upon it and built up the homestead 
wliich he now owns and occupies. It is pleasantly 
located on section 17, and embraces 172 acres of 
choice land on which the proprietor has effected 
good improvements, and which is the source of a 
comfortable income. 

Mr Bickhart was born in Montgomery County, 
Pa., March 26,1826. His father, John, 
a native of the same county, where he spent his 
entire life and departed hence at the age of fifty- 
five years. He traced his ancestry to German}'. 
He married Miss Katherine Smith, a native of his 
own State, and who, surviving her husbanrl many 
years, died in Penn.sylvania, aged seventy-five. 
There were born to them seven ch'ildren, three only 
of whom are living — Elizabeth, Sophia and Fred- 
erick. The deceased are. Sarah. Maria, Katherine 
and Henry. Frederick was the third child and was 
reared on a farm in his native county, where he at- 
tended the common school and was trained to those 
habits of industry and econom}^ which have been 
the secret of his success in life. Ujion reaching his 
majoritj' he left the parental roof and emigrated to 
Wayne County, Ohio, where he engaged in farming 



and remained until 1850. Then pusliing on further 
Westward he crossed the Mississippi and established 
himself in Jones Count)-, Iowa, where he sojourned 
one year, coming thence to Kansas. 

The subject of this sketch, after spending nearly 
thirty-four years in single blessedness, was married 
in Green Township, Jan. 17, 1870, to Mrs. Sarah 
Kershaw. Mrs. Bickhart is a native of Lancashire, 
England, and was born (Sept. 27, 1833. To this 
worthy couple there was born one child, a daughter, 
Elizabeth, who is now an interesting j'oung lady 
of eighteen years. Mr. Bickhart cast his first Pres- 
idential vote for Lincoln, and maintains his alle- 
giance to the Republican party. 

'if, OHN W. E.STEP. The headquarters of Mr. 
Estep comprises a well-regulated farm, 160 
acres in extent and pleasantly located on sec- 
'H^/' tion 2, Beivue Township, Pottawatomie 
County. It is devoted to general agriculture and 
the proprietor is a man of note in his community, 
serving as Justice of the Peace and otherwise iden- 
tified with its best interests. He was a Consiable 
in Fayette Countj-, Ohio, and was also Deputy 
Sheriff of that county for a ])eriod of nine years. 

The subject of this sketcli was born in Columbia 
Countj', Pa., May 2G, 1827. He is the offspring of 
an excellent family, being the son of Rev. Jacob 
Estep whose birth took place in Columbiana County, 
Ohio, in 1791. When a youth of eighteen years 
he, in 1809, emigrated to the Kej'stone State where 
he sojourned for a number of years, then returning 
to Ohio, died there in 1832. He was for man\' 
years a local preacher of the ^lethodist Episcopal 
Church. The Estep family traces its ancestry to 

Mrs. Barbara (Nishey) Estep. mother of the sub- 
ject of this notice, was born in Lancaster Count}', 
Pa., April 4, 1796. Her father. Cliristian Nisliey, 
was likewise a native of Pennsylvania, and could 
trace his ancestry back llnough four generations. 
He was a farmer by occui)ation and became quite 
wealthy. He died in Lancaster County, Pa,, at the 
advanced age of eighty -one years, 'i'o Jacob and 
Barbara Estep there was born a family of twelve 

children, one of whom died in infancy. The others 
were named respectively: Ishmael, Meyers, William, 
James, Finley, Jeremiah, Robert John W., 
lylizabeth, Louisa and Mary. Of these but four 
are living, namely, Louisa, Jeremiah, Rol)ert and 

Mr. Estep was the ninth child of his parents and 
was reared on a farm in his native township, pursu- 
ing his studies in the common school. His home 
was in the Buckeye State for thirty-four years and 
then in 1861 he removed to Illinois, locating in 
Cass County, of which he was a resident for ten 
years. Next he crossed the Father of Waters and 
located in Shawnee County, Kan. From there in 
1882 he removed to Pottawatomie County, pur- 
chasing the farm upon which he now resides. On 
Dec. 25, 1885, he was united in marriage with 
Miss Louisa Martin, who was born in Faj'ette 
County, Ohio, Aug. 7, 1836. Mrs. Estep is the 
daughter of Payton and Mary (Callendar) Martin, 
the former of whom was born in Virginia, and the 
latter in Ohio. Mr. and Mrs. Estep are the parents 
of fifteen children, three of whom died in infancy, 
one unnamed. Marj' B. died when eleven days 
old and AdfUe at the age of thirteen months. The 
survivors are: Robert W., John J., Belle, Albert, El- 
mer E., George, Abraham L., Charles, James, Ed- 
ward, Harry and EfHe. 

\|"OSEPH TINGLEY, Ph. I)., Professor of 
Science and Art, in Campbell Normal Uni- 
versity, Holton, Kan. Tiic subject of this 
sketch, is a well-known scientist and educa- 
tor, whose educational labors until recently, were 
confined principally to tlicStateof Indiana. Con- 
cerning his ancestry, the family records sImiw that 
his great-grandfather Tingley was an Englishman 
of prcbable .Swedish descent, wliol'ved in C^hinial 
times in Somerset County, N. J. The British army 
drove his family from their homes, and they flrd 
to the mountains. On their return they found 
their farm devastated, and their home in ruins. 
The father and all of his sons, four in number, en- 
listed in the American army, and served during 



the Revolutionary War. One of the sons, .Tere- 
ttiiah Tlngley, grandfather of tlie subject of this 
sketch, wedded Esther Leddel, a near relative of 
James Manning, once President of Brown Univcr- 
sitj-. They removed Westward shortly after the 
war, and settled first in Western Virginia, and af- 
terward in Ohio, where Jeremiah Tingle}- died in 
1803. leaving a family of eight children, six daugh- 
ters and two sons. One of the daughters, Sarah 
Simpson, was the mother of Bisliop Simpson of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. William, the elder 
of the two sons, the father of our subject, married 
Rachel Poulson, of Maryland, daughter of Rachel 
(Durbin) Poulson, a cousin of the Rev. John P. 
Durbin, D. !>.. a noted Methodist divine, and 
former President of Dickinson College, Carlisle. 

William Tingle}- began his married life in Cadiz, 
Ohio, as teacher in the district schools, but was soon 
called to the office of Clerk of the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas, and shortly afterward to that of the 
.Supreme Court of Harrison Count}-, Ohio. He was 
also chosen Master Commissioner, and continued 
to hold all these offices for man}- years, and one or 
more of them for a period of more than forty 
years. A pronounced Whig, his efficiency and 
faithfulness, so outweighed all considerations of 
party preferences, that the opposing i^art}- fre- 
quently in power during that time, made no at- 
tempt to depose him from office. He died in 1862. 
Four of his children survived him: Amanda, wife 
of Sylvanus Wood, M. D., of St. Clairsville, Ohio; 
Tempe R., wife of Rev. C. A. Holmes, D. D., of 
Pittsburg, Pa., former President of Iowa Wesleyan 
University; Jeremiah Tingloy, Ph. D., Professor 
of Natural Sciences in Baldwin University. Berea, 
Ohio, an<i in Allegheny College, Me.adville, Pa.; 
and Joseph Tingley, Ph. D., the subject of this 
sketch, now Professor of Science and Art in Camp- 
bell Normal University. 

Dr. Tingley was born March 5, 1822. in Cadiz. 
Ohio, where his early education was supi-rintended 
by Hon. Mathew Simpson, uncle and instructor of 
Bishop Simpson, who was also one of the early in- 
structors of his cousin, Joseph Tingley. He er- 
tered tlu" Sophcmore class of Allegheny College 
in 1839-40, and completed the Junior year in that 

institution. Four subsequent years were spent in 
special study of science and art. In 1843, he was 
induced l\v Bishop Simpson, then President of the 
Indiana Asbury University, to enter that institu- 
tion, from which he was graduated in 1846. The 
same institution honored him with the degree of 
A. M. in 1849, and that of Ph. D. in 1871. While 
yet a student in the university, he was chosen tutor 
in mathematics in 1844; in 1849 he was promoted 
to the chair of natural sciences, and in 1860 was 
elected to the Vice-presidency of the university, 
which office he held until 1879, when he severed 
his connection with that institution which he 
had served uninterruptedly for thirty-five years, 
and was immediately afterward elected to the pro- 
fessorship of applied science and art in the Cen- 
tral Normal College of Indiana, at Danville, which 
position he resigned five years afterward, to accept 
the Presidency of the Marion Normal College. 
Feeling the need of a change and rest from seden- 
tary pursuits, the Professor engaged temporarily in 
the profession of civil engineering in Kansas City, 
Mo., where he assisted in the construction of the 
famous cable lines of that city, superintending the 
construction of the celebrated Ninth Street Termi- 
nal Depot. He was called thence in 1888, to the 
professorship of Science and Art in Campbell Nor- 
mal University. 

Dr. Tingley's mechanical skill and proficiency in 
art, render him peculiarly fitted for teaching the 
sciences. He is fertile in contrivances for illustra- 
ting, and exceedingly apt in conducting experi- 
ments illustrative of every science. As a public 
lecturer he has been very popular, and successful 
in entertaining and instructing his audiences upon 
matters connected with his favorite pursuits, science 
and art. Chautauqua and the Sabbath School As- 
semblies frequently avail themselves of his splen- 
did exhibitions of the wonders of science, with 
which he is accustomed to illustrate his pojwlar 
lectures. As a teacher of art. he has few equals, 
and he excels in portraiture, to which he has given 
much attention and study. 

Joseph Tingley wedded Miss Ellen R. Webb, 

May 16, 1853, in Greencaslle. Ind. Miss AVebb 

was the eldest daughter of the Rev. Thomas S. 

i Webb, of tiie N. W. Indiana Conference of the 



Melliodist Episcopal Church. The family name, 
variously spelled — Web, "Webb, Wehbe, is traced 
back 300 years. Capt. Thomas Webb, of the Brit- 
ish Army, the first Metliodist preacher in America, 
was a branch of the family tree. (See Simpson's 
P^nevclopedia of Methodism and Metliodist Episco- 
pal Discipline). William Web. Lord Mayor of Lon- 
don, and Agnes Webbe, grandmother of William 
Sliakespear, were aKso of the same lineage. Mrs. 
Tingley is directlj- descended from tiie Rev. Ben- 
jamin Abbott, a noted Evangelist, and traces her 
ancestr}' through that line backward several gener- 
ations to Somersetshire, England. (See life of 
Benjamin Abbott, and Simpson's P^ncyclopedia of 
Methodism). She is an earnest Chautauquan, and 
a graduate of the C. L. S. C. Class of 1883. At 
the time of her marriage, she was a member of the 
junior class of the Female College of Indiana. 

The children of Joseph and Ellen Tingley, are 
Horace Webb, Flora Ellenwood, Verner Simpson, 
William Poulson, and Josephine Bowman, all of 
whom except "Willie," (who died at the age of two 
3-ears), were students in Asbury (now De Pauw) 
I'niversity. Horace was graduated in the class of 
'77, taught in the public schools of Indiana for sev- 
eral years, and has been for six years Superinten- 
dent of the works, and Master Mechanic of the 
Kansas Cit3' Bridge and Iron Company. In 1888 
he married Miss Hettie Steele, cousin of Senator 
Wade Hampton, of South Carolina; \'erner S. 
Tingle^', the second son, after spending three j'ears 
in Vienna, as Secretary to the American Consul 
General of Austria, came West, married Miss Ab- 
bie Reddington, of Arinourdale, Kan., and removed 
to Idaho. He is now County Superintendent of 
the Lemhi County schools, and is a practical teacher. 
Flora Ellenwood died in her twentieth year, being 
at the time a classical junior in De Pauw Univer- 
sity; her biographer, Ridpath, the historian. sa3-s 
of her: "Though young, she had already drawn for 
herself the outlines of a nolile, useful life, for she 
was gifted with gracious gifts, and possessed of 
rare genius in the histrionic art." Josephine Bow- 
man was a student of music in the music school of 
De Pauw L'niversity, and afteiward in that of C. 
N. r.. graduating in 1890. lieing an elocutionist 
of some note, she has given public readings from 

Sliakespear and other bards in several cities, and is 
especially aiit in rendering the productions of the 
"Hoosier Poet" of her native State, James Whit- 
comb Riley. 

From this sketch it will be seen that Dr. Ting- 
ley belongs to a race of educators who have parti- 
cipated as instructors in eight different colleges, 
and in many public schools of the country. They 
have manifested a decided bent towards the fine 
arts, the sciences and industrial arts, and have all 
been held in high estimation as active and influen- 
tial members of the commonwealth wherever they 
have lived. 


* 4ILLIAM T. McMAHON, M.D. The med- 
\&Jfl 'cal fraternity of Wamego and vicinity 
W^J acknowledges in Dr. Mc^Iahon, one of its 
most efficient members — a physician well-read .and 
well-iiiformeil. and who has been very si,]ccessful in 
his particular school, the Homeopathic, which is 
steadily gaining in favor and influence among the 
people. He established himself at Wamego in 
1887, and built up a fine practice, being the 
regular physician of a large number of prominent 
families. Hj may be properly termed a self- 
made man, one who b}' his determination and en- 
erg3' risen from an humble position in life, 
and has exercised no small influence among his 

The eldest in a family of seven chililren. Dr. 
McMahon was born near Gambler, Knox Co., 
Ohio, Sept. 18. 1823. His father, Thomas Mc- 
Mahon, a farmer by occupation, was a native of 
the city of Hagerstown, Md.. and his mother, who 
in her girlhood was Miss Lydia Sliafer, was born in 
Pennsylvania. Both emigrated to Ohio early in 
life, and were married there in 1821. There also 
they spent the remainder of their d.ays. Thomas 
McMahon departed this life in his prime, in 1838, 
at the age of forty-two 3-ears; the mother lived to 
be sixty-nine years old, dying in IMG'.t at her home 
ill Knox County, Ohio. After the death of her 
lirst husband she was married, in 1843. to R. S. 
Clements, a Virginian b^- birth and at that time a 
resident of Knox County, Ohio. Mr. Clements 



died in 1865, leaving three children, all cf whom 
are deceased. Dr. McMalion and his brother, 
Andrew M., are the only children living of the 
first marriage. The latter is a resident of Mar- 
shall County, Iowa. 

The early education of Dr. McMalion was con- 
ducted in the subscription schools of Ohio. He 
was a hard student, and in his 3-outh pored over 
his books at night by the firelight of hickory bark. 

Those habits of reading and study have been 
kept up until the present time. He was a lad of 
fifteen years at the time of his father's death, and 
being the eldest child, was obliged to assist his 
mother in the care of his younger brothers and 
sisters. He was thus occupied for five years, and 
then, at the age of twenty, began for himself, still 
attending the districit school during the winter 
season. When twenty-one years old he began the 
study of medicine, teaching to defray his expenses 
for three years. He took a course of lectures in the 
Cincinnati Medical College, from which he was 
graduated in 1847, and that year began the prac- 
tice of his profession in his native county. A 
year later he settled at Millwood, that county, and 
sojourned there for a period of twenty-eight j^ears. 
We next find him in Bellville, Richland Co., Ohio, 
where he practiced twelve years. Thence he came 
in September, 1887, to Wamego, Kan., driving 
thioiigh from Marshall County, Iowa, in his buggy, 
a distance of 414 miles. In Januai-y. 1887, the 
Doctor took a post-graduate course from the Ohio 
Special and Liberal Association, receiving a di- 
ploma from this institution. 

On the 22d of October, 1847, occurred the mar- 
riage of Dr. McMahon with Miss Mary Welker. 
This lady is the youngest child of David and 
Elizabeth (McINIillen) AVclker, and was born May 
15, 1829, in Knox County, Ohio. Her parents 
were natives of Pennsylvania, and the father a 
farmer b}' occupation. Tlieir family consisted of 
four children, three of whom are living. To the 
Doctor and his wife there were born two children, 
but the eldest, a boy, born in 1848, lived only four 
weeks. The younger, Fanny E., was born Jan. 25, 
1S50, and died at her home in Millwood, Ohio, 
April 28, 1878. She was married Sept. 28, 1870, 
to Daniel E. Coleman, of Monroe Township, Knox 

Co., Ohio. Mrs. Marj' McMahon departed this 
life at her home in Millwood, Ohio, July 1, 1865. 
Dr. McMahon, the 12 of May, 1876, was mar- 
ried a second time to Mrs. Mary (Rightmier) 
Tracy, daughter of James and Lydia (Critchfleld) 
Rightmier, who were natives respectively of Mr- 
ginia and Ohio. Mr. Rightmier prosecuted farm- 
ing for many years in Ohio, where he became a 
useful .nnd prominent citizen. He died in Januarj\ 
1882, at the age of seventy-four years. The wid- 
owed mother resides on the home farm in Knox 
Count}', Ohio. Their family consisted of seven 
children, six of whom are living and residents of 
Ohio and Kansas. Mrs. McMahon was the eldest 
and was born March 25, 1832, in Knox County, 
Ohio. She was well-educated at Mt. Vernon and 
at Sloan's academy for 30ung ladies. The Doctor 
and his wife are members of the I'niversalist 
Church. He has alwaj's been a very busy in 
his profession, and keeps himself well-posted in 
all matters connected therewith. Politically, he is 
conservative, and usually votes the Democratic 
ticket. In Ohio, he was identitied with the I. O. O. F., 
and at present is jirelate in Wamego Lodge, K. of P. 


A ...A, c-.^ 

-n ^i>- 

RANK McBRIDE. Among the homesteads 
.„. of Clear Creek Township, Pottawatomie 
/Us County, none are more suggestive of com fort 

and plenty than that owned by the subject of this 
notice, who is one of its most enterprising men 
and one who from a modest beginning has slowly 
climbed up to an enviable position among his fellow - 
citizens. He came to Kansas in 1878 and bought 
a relinquishment, on the west half of the north- 
west quarter of section 26 where he filed a home- 
stead claim which he improved and which con- 
stitutes his present home. On this section he has 
240 acres, besides an 80 acre tract on section 24, 
having thus a half section of land altogether. 
Eighty acres are under the plow and the remainder 
is in meadow land and pasturage. 

Mr. McBride a neat and substantial dwelling 
with a good barn and the usual outbuildings re- 
quired for the shelter of stock and the storage of 



grain. His fences are well kept up and everything 
about the premises presents a thrifty and prosperous 
appearance. There are fruit and sliade trees and 
within tlie dwelling tlie family enjoy all of the 
comforts and many of the luxuries of life. In 
connection with farming Mr. McBride is consider- 
ably interested in stock-raising. 

In noting the early history of our subject we 
find tliat he was born in County Tyrone, Ireland^ 
March 17, 1837, and is the son of Steplien and 
Bridget (McIIanna) McBride, whose family con- 
sisted of nine children. The parents were likewise 
natives of County Tyrone where they spent their 
entire l-ves. Four of their children are living 
and located mostly in Philadelphia, Pa. Frank re- 
mained a member of the parental household until 
a j'outh of eighteen years. He was thoughtful 
and ambitious and not being contented with his 
condition or his prospects in the Emerald Isle, re- 
solved upon seeking his fortune in the New World. 
Setting out from Ireland he crossed the Atlantic on 
a sailing vessel which after a three weeks' vo3'age, 
landed him safely in New York City. Thence he 
made his way directly westward across the Mis- 
sissippi to Iowa and employed himself as a farm 
laborer until the outbreak of the late war. He had 
now been six years in his adopted countr}' and was 
in full sympathj' with her free institutions. Hav- 
ing a desire to assist in the preservation of the 
Union he enlisted in Company C, 20th Iowa In- 
fantry in August, 1862, which operated in (Southern 
Missouri and Arkansas. Mr. McBride was present 
at the siege of Vicksburg and later went into 
Southern and Central Texas, and through Louisiana 
and Alabama, taking part in the battles of Prairie 
Grove and Pea Pidge. He assisted in the capture 
of Ft. Morgan, and later was at Pensacola and Ft. 
Blakely. He received his honorable discharge at 
the close of the war and from that time until 1878 
resided in St. Louis, Mo., and employed himself at 
whatever be could find to do. 

In St. Louis, Mr. McBride was married in August, 
1867, to Miss Mary McHugh. Mrs. McBride was 
born in County Galway, Ireland. Of this union 
there have been born four children, viz: John, 
Frank, .Tames and Mary Ellen. Mr. McBride was 
reared in the doctrines of the Catholic Church to 

which he still loyally adheres. Upon becoming a 
voting citizen he identified himself with the Demo- 
cratic party. He is looked upon as one of the 
most industrious and frugal farmers of Clear Creek 
Township, where he has made the record of an 
honest man and a good citizen. 

ENRY YOUNG. There is not a more popn- 
; lar or intelligent German citizen within the 
^^^_ precincts of Belvue Township than Mr. 
t^) Young. He is universally popular and is 
frequently called upon by his countrymen in that 
vicinity for advice in business matters and upon 
other occasions, and seldom fails to find them a way 
out of their difficulties. He is thus very useful in 
his community and one whose place, were it made 
vacant, could not be easily filled. 

A native of Germany, Mr. Young was born 
March 19, 1851, and is the son of Peter Young, a 
native of the same locality and who was born Oct. 
8, 1811. The latter emigrated to America with 
his family in April, 1884, and coming to Kansas 
now makes his home with his son Henry. He is a 
wagon-maker bj' trade and a member in good stand- 
ing of the Lutheran Church. The paternal grand- 
father was John Young who spent his entire life in 
the Fatherland, dying at the age of sixtj'-six years. 
The mother, Mrs. Lena (Miller) Young, who was 
also of German parentage, died in Germany in 
middle life. The parental family consisted of five 
children, viz: Peter, Henry, Nicholas, Philip and 
Charles. Peter died at the age of twenty-eight 
years in Strasburg, Germany; Philip died in in- 

Mr. Young is the third child of his parents and 
was brought up on a farm in his native Province. 
In accordance with the laws and customs of Ger- 
many he was placed in school at an early age, at- 
tending until a lad of fourteen and acquiring a 
practical education in his native tongue. When 
twenty-one years of age he came to America in ad- 
vance of the family and lucating first in the city 
of Chicago,worked at his trade of a carpenter al-out 
six years. In 1878 he sought the farther West, 



coming into Pottawatomie County, this State, and 
soon afterward purchased 160 acres of land upon 
which he has since been engaged in farming and 
stock-raising. His land is pleasantly located on 
section 1, Belvue Township. He keeps on an 
average from forty to fifty head of graded cattle, 
besides the required number of good farm horses 
to do his worjj. Politically, Mr. Young is a sound 
Republican. He was reared in the doctrines of the 
Lutlieran Churcii, to which he still loyally adheres. 
The marriage of Henry Young with Miss Lena 
Weber, was celebrated at the bride's home in Chi- 
cago, III., in 1877. Mrs. Young was born in the 
Province of Abiller, Germany, in 1846, and is the 
daughter of Lawrence and Mary (Kauf) Weber, 
the former a weaver by trade and who, with his 
estimable wife, spent his entire life in his native 
land. Mr. and Mrs. Young are the parents of five 
interesting children, living, viz: Emma, William, 
Helena, Mary and Peter; one child died in infanc)' 

f LFRED .1. BASYE is one of the most 
wide-awake and enterprising business men 
of J.ackson County, and in him the city of 
Holton has one of its leading citizens, who 
enters with true public interest into all schemes to 
advance its interests. He is prosperously carrying 
on an extensive business as a dealer in grain and 
a buyer and shipper of stock, with L. Sarbach, 
under the firm name of Basye & Sarbach. Mis- 
souri is his native State, and he was born in De 
Kalb County, Jan. 12, 1857. His father, John J., 
and his grandfather, Henry Basj'e, were natives of 
Virginia. The latter was a planter and slave- 
owner, and on his removal to Pike County, Ohio, 
in pioneer times, he took his slaves with him, and 
there nobly set them free. He , was a resident of 
Ohio some }'ears, but finally went to Missouri, and 
passed the remainder of his life in Howard Countj', 
that State. The father of our subject was about 
eighteen years old when his parents removed to tlie 
wilds of Ohio, and he went from there to IMissouri 
in 1835, traveling on the Ohio, Mississippi and 
Slissouri rivers to his destination, and was one 
of the very first settlers of the Platte Purchase. 

He made a claim to a tract of Government land 
there, and diiriiig the few years that he resided 
on it made many improvements. He sold it, and 
going to DeKalb County, bought a farm five miles 
north of Cameron. He erected frame buildings, 
and lived there until 1859, when he disposed of 
his place »nd once agnin became a pioneer, locating 
in Jackson County, this State. He bought a place 
of 160 acres for $1,100, pleasantly situated two 
miles southwest of Holton, which was then a small 
hamlet of a few houses, and its commerce repre- 
sented by one store. There were no railwajs west 
of the Missouri River at that time, and over the 
sparsely settled region all kinds of game roamed 
plentifully, and bountifiillj' set forth the table of 
the pioneers who were fond of hunting. In the 
log cabin on his place, in which the family first 
made their home, John Brown had his headquarters 
for this section of the countrj'. Mr. Bas\'e con- 
tinued his residence on that homestead until death 
brought to a close his long and honorable life, Jan. 
17, 1888. The mother of onr subject still makes 
her home there. Her maiden name was Mary P. 
Rogers, and she was born in Cole County, Mo. 
Her father, Hiram Rogers, was a farmer, and later 
a merchant at Halleck. Buchanan Co., Mo., and 
also served as Sherifl: of that county, where he spent 
his last years. Seven of the children born to the 
worthy parents of our subject were reared to 

Our subject was two years old when they came 
to the Territory of Kansas, and it has been his 
privilege to witness almost the entire growth of 
this section, and since he arrived at years of dis- 
cretion, to aid in its advancement in various direc- 
tions. His educational advantages were those 
then afforded by the public schools, and were such 
that at the age of eighteen he was fitted for the i)ro- 
fession of teaching, which he then entered upon, 
his first experince in that line being in the district 
three miles east of Holton. He taught several 
terras of winter school after that, and when not so 
engaged assisted his father in farming, of which he 
had a good practical knowledge. In the spring of 
1881 he turned his attention to bujing grain, and 
has been in that business since, forming, in the 
summer of 1881, a partnership with his present 



partner, and later extending their business so as to 
include buying and shipping stock. Tlie^^ liave a 
large and flourishing trade, and tiioir niiraes stand 
high in business circles, as those of fair and honor- 
ably dealing men. 

Mr. Basye has established au attractive home bj' 
the aid of a devoted wife, to whom he was united 
in marriage in ]\Iarch, 1886. Her maiden name 
was Ella Kliis, and she was born in Page County, 
Iowa, to DeWitt C. and Caroline Ellis. Of this 
pleasant marriage twociiildren have come — Walter 
and Lottie. 

Mr. Basye is an ardent supporter of the Republi- 
can party. His fellow-citizens, appreciating his busi- 
ness talent, push and large discernment, have called 
him to aid in the adrainistr,ation of the municipal 
government by electing him to a seat in the (Jity 
Government. He is a man of sound understand- 
ing and excellent habits, and is highly thought of 
by all who have cither business or social rel.'itions 
with him. 

1^^ ERRITT X. HARTWELL, is a son of 
i \\\ George W. Hartwell, one of the old settlers 
1] •= of Spring Creek Township, a sketch of 
" whom appears on another page in this 

Album. He is one of the most energetic and en- 
terprising men of his township, a citizen promi- 
nent and influential and the owner of a valuable 
farm comprising .320 acres on section 15. He is the 
youngest of the three children of the parental 
family and was born near Robinson, Crawford Co., 
in., Nov. 2, 1852. 

Mr. Hartwell was trained from boyhood to habits 
of industry and economy, and acquired a practical 
education in the common schools. He accompanied 
the familj' in their various removals, first to Han- 
cock County, 111., and then in 1869 to Kansas, mak- 
ing the latter journey overland, crossing the Mis- 
sissippi at (juincy and the Missouri at St. Joseph. He 
worked with his father until reaching his majority 
then commenced farming for himself on rented 
land, operating in this manner until 1880. That 
year he ])urchased eighty acres of his present 
farm, then a tract of wild land upon which no im- 
provements had been made. A of prudence 

and industry brought their legitimate reward and 
he added to his landed possessions so that he now 
has the half of section 15, well watered by Bluff 
Creek, with C(>nvenient springs and a good supply 
of native timber. Half of his farm is rich bottom 
land, highly productive and valuable. 

Mr. Hartwell has erected good buildings and is 
supplied with all the necessary machinery for carry- 
ing on agriculture in a systematic and profitable 
manner. He is considerably interested in live stock, 
keeping graded Short-horn and Hereford cattle. feed- 
ing about one car annually. From 1882 to 1884 he 
engaged to some extent in buj-ing and shipping 
stock to Kansas Cit}-. He is also interested in 
horse flesh, keeping sixteen head of graded Clydcs 
and Hambletonians. Mr. Hartwell in addition to 
his own farm al,so operates that of his father, thus 
having under his charge a whole section of land. 
He is a regular " chip off the old block," and what- 
ever he undertakes is carried through with that 
perseverance and energy which is a characteristic 
of the family. 

The subject of this sketch was married at the 
home of the bride on Bluff Creek, Spring Creek 
Township, Nov. 6, 187.3, to Miss Phebe E. Pace, 
who was born in Henderson County, III.. July 23, 
1851 and came to with her parents when 
sixteen years old. Of the four children born of 
this union only two are living, Clyde M. and Earl 
F., the second and fourth. Lucy M. and Gwyn G. 
died at the ages of three and two years. ^Ir. 
Hartwell votes the straight Republican ticket and 
is quite prominent in public affairs, being sent as a 
delegate to the county conventions and serving as 
Clerk of the School Board in his district. He was 
Constable one year. Township Treasurer for three 
years and is the present Road Supervisor in liis 
district. Mrs. Hartwell is a member in good stand- 
ing of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

^^p\> ASPAR 'SAL7.FA\. This gentleman is one 
|||Ay, of those sturd\' and decided characters, who 
^^( are willing to suffer for opinion's sake and 
to devote their time and energy to a cause which 
they consider just. He came to Kansas in the year 



1855, and during the troublous times of that dec- 
ade experienced the trials and the dangers whicii 
befell the Free Stale man, and a few years later he 
spent man}' long months in the service of the 
Union. ICnterprising and energetic in his work in 
life, he has been financially prospered, while his 
manly character and sturdj- uprightness have won 
for him a high degree of respect wherever he is 
known. He is now living in Waniego Township, 
Pottawatomie County, where he owns 220 acres of 
land in three bodies, of wliic-h sixty acres are under 
the plow. He keeps on hand eight horses, fort}'- 
five head of cattle and twenty of hogs. A fine 
orchard of 100 bearing fruit trees is a source of 
pleasure and profit, and the home is supplied with 
all the needful conveniences in the way of out- 
buildings, and is marked by a general air of neat- 
ness and thrift. 

Our subject is of German birth and [larentage, 
and the place of birth of both himself and parents 
was Wurtemburg. His father, who also bore the 
name of Casjiar. a farmer, and in .accordance 
with the custom in the Fatherland served sometime 
in the German arm\-. In 1806 he participated in 
the war between Austria and France, and spent six 
ye.ars altogether in army life. The mother, whose 
maiden name was Anna Maria Salzer, bore her hus- 
band six children, two only being now alive. The 
subject of this sketch was the fifth in the parental 
family and was born Nov. 1, 1823. He grew to 
manhood in his native Duchy, and for eight years 
during his boyhood pursued liis studies in his na- 
tive town. Beginning life for himself at the age 
of seventeen 3'ears he served at the trade of a stone 
mason for three jears, following his apprenticeship 
by working at his trade until 1845, when he de- 
termined to seek a home across the Atlantic. Bid- 
ding adieu to his native land he took passage f(^r 
New Orleans, La., where he landed December 26, 
and where he remained until the following July, when 
he went to Cincinnati, Ohio, and spent the three fol- 
lowing years there, working at his tr.ade. This 
followed by work on a farm in Jo Daviess County, 
111., for an equal length of time. He then made 
liis way to this State, which was tiien a Territory, 
and during the five years which fulloned. his home 
was in Leavenworth, although ilurintj the time he 

was frequently obliged to keep in hiding on account 
of his stand among the Free Soilers. The trade 
which he had so thoroughly mastered was his occu- 
pation, and not long after he came to Leavenworth, 
he and August Kesler took a contract to build 
a stone house in that citj-. The firm went upon a 
bond for a friend to secure a mortg.age on a team, 
which in the possession of Mr. Salzer, when the 
Missourians came and took it from him. Mr. Sal- 
zer was iiersonally acquainted with ••Jim" Lane 
and other leaders on the border. On one occasion 
while he was hiding in the brush, the border ruf- 
fians ordered Mrs. Salzer to leave by the following 
day, threatening to burn her house if she did not 
do so. Gen. Lane raa<le an opportune appearance 
before their threat was carried into execution, and 
the "rullians" were driven from town. 

In 18G0 Mr. Salzer changed his residence to this 
county, locating in St. George Township. In 1862 
his name was placed on the muster roll of Com- 
pany K. 11th Kansas Cavalry, aud for three 3'ears 
he served in the Union army, being alw.ays on duty 
and conducting himself as a faithful and valiant 
soldier should, and as might be expected of a na- 
tive of the Fatherland, where a warlike spirit and 
martial bearing are instilled into ever}- 3-outlifid 
mind. During his army life Mr. Salzer took part 
in the b.attles at Maysville, .\ik.; Cane Hill, Prairie 
Grove, Van Buren, Lexington, Mo., the Little 
Blue, Big Blue aud West Port, and was occupied 
seven months in guarding the border of Kansas. In 
1865 the regiment was ordered to Ft. Laramie, 
Wyo.. in the vicinity of which they were skirmish- 
ing witli Indians for a few months. 

L^pon receiving his discharge in September, 
1865. Mr. Salzer returned to his farm in St. George 
Township, whence he removed to his present loca- 
tion in the spring of 1867, there being a few im- 
provements upon tlie place when he took possession 
of it. In 1 870 lie built a substantial stone resi- 
dence, and during tiie grasshopper season of 1874 
erected a stone barn and other needful buildings. 

The wife of Mr. Salzer bore the maidei name of 
Theresa Berhalter, and she an<l her parents were 
natives of the Duchy of Wnrtenduug. Germany. 
She is a daughter of .loseph and Miuy Ann ( i!ien- 
ner) Berhalter, who died in their native laad, the 



father in 1S7.5 and tlie mother in 1882. The oc- 
cupation of Mr. Berhalter was that of a tailor. 
Tlieir family consisted of six cliildren, and their 
daughter Theresa, who was born .Sept. 7, 1833. was 
the fifth in order of birth. She came to America 
in 1853, making her home in Savanna, III., and 
there on the 30th of August, 1855, her marriage 
witli our subject took place. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Salzer nine children have been bora, eight of whom 
now survive. Mary is wife of Christ Walter, and 
they live in Pottawatomie Township, having five 
children. The eldest son is Jacob, who is yet un- 
married; Caroline is the wife of Henry Puhr. of 
.St. Louis, Mo., and they have two children. The 
circle is completed bj- Kate, Annie, Henr^v, Albert 
and Andrew. 

Mr. Salzer is a member of Wamego Post, G. A. R. 
He always votes the Republican ticket. He has 
been a member of the School Board and served 
in a creditable manner. He belongs to the Lu- 
theran Church and his wife is an equally devout 
Catholic. They have a wide circle of acquaint- 
ances who bear for them a merited degree of respect. 

AMUEL M. STOVER, a veteran of 
sevent3-one years and a man of strong 
mental and physical makeup, is conspicu- 
ous among the elder residents of Wamego 
as being the subject of a personal history of more 
than ordinary interest. He was born in Washing- 
ton Count}', ]Md., April 11, 1818, and was the 
fifth in the family of eleven children, the offspring 
of Frederick and Lena (Sellers) Stover, who were 
likewise natives of Mar3iand, and there spent 
their entire lives. Frederick Stover was of Dutch 
descent and born in 1786. He learned the trade 
of a carpenter and joiner early in life, which lie 
followed mostly thereafter, and departed hence in 
1865, at the advanced age of eighth-nine 3'ears. 
The mother survived her husband seven years, d}- 
ing in 1872. Five of their children are living and 
located mostly in Hagerstown, Md. 

The subject of tiiis sketch started out in life for 
himself at the age of twenty years, equipped with 
a common-school education, habits of industry and 

economy, and the resolution and perseverance, 
which all through life have been the leading traits 
of his character. He learned the trade of a white- 
smith and brass founder, also tinsmithing and 
coppersmithing.and in 1840 left his n.ative pLace, 
and for a jear woiked lioth in Chambersburg and 
Bedford, Pa. Tlien returning to Maryland he so- 
journed for a short time and later emigrated to 
Ohio, making his home for a ^year in Mt. ^■ernon, 
and following his trade. Afterward, returning to 
Maryland, he opened a tin store in Hagerstown. 
In 1857, he removed his stock to Williamsport and 
operated there, successfully, for a period of nine- 
teen years. He came to Kansas in 1876, establish- 
ing himself in Wamego, where he has since carried 
on his old business and become a fixture among 
the respectable elements of the communitj-. 

IMr. Stover, while a resident of Hagerstown, 
Md.. was married April 30, 1844, to Miss Chris- 
tiana, daughter of John andRosina Sebear. who 
were i atives of Wittenburg. Germany. Mrs. Stover 
was born on the same day and jear as her hus- 
band, in Hanover, Pa. Only two of the five chil- 
dren born to Ihem are now living: Emma A. 
married Richard H. Parcell, who served three years 
in the late Civil AVar, .as a member of Thompson's 
Independent Batter\- of Pittsburg, Pa., and died 
in 1871, leaving two children. His widow lives 
with her parents. William married Miss Fanny 
Griswold and lives in Wamego. He has one child 
Wilford, aged three years. Mr. and Mrs. Stover 
are prominently connected with the Presbyterian 
Church, in which Mr. Stover is an Elder. He was 
at one time, in Marjiand, a member of the I. O. 
O. F. He also belonged to the Sons of Temperance 
and the Good Templars. 

Mr. Stover upon becoming a voting citizen first 
identified himself with the Old Line Whigs, .and 
upon the abandonment of that party cordiall}' en- 
dorsed the Republican principles. He was a 
strong Union man during war times and living 
in the neighborhood of Hagerstown, Md.. had 
some peculiar experiences with the soldiers of both 
armies. He had, prior to this time, been for three 
years crippled with rheumatism. Init such was the 
excitement under which he then labored that his 
affliction left him and not since returned. In 



the meantime, w)iile suffering from this aggrava- 
ting ailment he became addicted to the opinm 
habit, and at one time in twent\-four liouis used 
enough of this drug to kill sixty-four men. He 
finally became convinceil that lie must abandon it, 
and by sheer force of will accomplished this, break- 
ing off entirely. This as may be supposed, re- 
quired no little effort, and illustrates the amount of 
resolution possessed by Mr. Stover, which faculty 
has been many times in his life made of inestimable 
service to him. He owns and occupies a comfort- 
able home and is fully establislied in the esteem 
and confidence of his fellow-citizens. 

^ €-*^- 

^ AMES WILLIAM SHINER exerts consider- 
able influence in both social and i)olilical 
circles of Pottawatomie County, and is 
/ especially prominent in newspaper work. 
He graduated in the "art preservative" when a 
mere lad, and has devoted all of his mature life to 
this vocation. He is a leader among the Republi- 
cans of his community, besides being identified 
with the I. O. O. F., Knights of Pythias, and A. 0. 
U. W. Religiously, he and his wife are members 
of the Congregational Cliui-ch, and contribute 
liberally of their time and means to the npbnilding 
of that cause. 

A native of the county of Wayne, Ind., our 
subject was born in Dublin. June 1, 1850, and 
when eight months old was taken by his parents to 
Whiteside County, 111., where they lived for three 
years. Finding the country' settled up a little 
faster than suited their tastes, they launclicd what 
is commonly- called a " prairie scbooner " and em- 
barking in it with tlieir camping outfit, and house- 
hold goods, finally arrived after fair sailing at what 
is now Tama County, Iowa, then peopled mostly 
by the Mosquaka Indians. In that county the fa- 
ther homesteaded a claim ; their nearest neighbor, 
with the exception of Tobias R. Shiner, was twenty- 
six miles distant. The nearest |)ostofIiee. market 
and flouring-mill, was located sixty miles aw.ay. 
In the winter of 1857-58 a terrible snow-storm 
made the roads impassible for many weeks, and the 
f;}ther of our subject, as well r.s his uncle, had 

neither flour, meal, nor salt in their cabins for a 
period of six or eight weeks; during time our 
subject, a lad of seven years, made himself useful 
b}- grinding corn in the end of a log, and some- 
times, with the assistance of a hatchet, would break 
two grains into three pieces. 

In 1861 Steward B. Shiner, the father of our sub- 
ject, removed with his family to Waterloo, Iowa, 
where until his death in 186^, he was engaged in 
the furniture business as a manufacturer and 
wholesale dealer. He also held many offices of 
trust in that and other communities where he 'e- 
sided. He was born in Virginia about 1827; in 
1848 he was married to Maria Jane Davenport, 
who was l)orn in Ohio in 1830. After their mar- 
riage in the Buckeye State they removed to Wayne 
County, Ind. James W. was the eldest of their 
family of seven children. Col. Davenport, the 
great uncle of our subject, was a soldier in the war 
of 1812. and was at one time proprietor of Rock 
Island, where he was killed b}' robbers. 

The education which Mr. Shiner received in the 
log school houses of Iowa, has since been supple- 
mented bj' a s_vstematic course of reading, so that 
he is a well-informed man, a pleasing conversa- 
tionalist, and an entertaining companion. In 18GI 
he apprenticed himself to W. H. Hartniau, editor 
and proprietor of the Waterloo Courier, a weekly 
newspaper. In 1868 he left that office, and, with 
J. A. Cole, commenced the publication of a weekly 
paper, the Recorder, a.t Jesup, Buchanan Co., low.i. 
After being connected with this paper six months, 
he resumed his former position as foreman on the 
Waterloo Courier. In 1870 the Grundy County 
Argus, published by Rea ife Jlotlit, was placed un- 
der the management of our subject, and for nine 
months following this he was engaged in furtliering 
its interests. Again returning to Waterloo, he ac- 
cepted a position as a type setter at fifteen cents 
per 1.000 ems. 

The 6th of .lanuary 1871. was the date of Mr. 
Shiner's arrival in Kansas, and he soon became 
foreman of the Leavenworth Comme)-cial ]oh rooms, 
a position held until 1875, when, in company with 
E. C. Laithe, he made arrangements for tlic publi- 
cation of tiie Holton Recoriler. the first cditi lii of 
which was issued March 2, 1875, (Jii the iJLh of 



March. 1875, JMaj. M. M. Beck piuvliased Laithe's 
interest iri the Recorder, and is yet proprietor 
thereof. In 1882 Mr. Shiner was foreman of the 
Salt Lake Tribune )oh rooms, and durins; 1884 lived 
in Amador County. Cal. May G, 1885, the first 
issue of tiie Westmorolanii Recorder, in whieli he 
has a half interest, was puhlislied. It is Republican 
in [lolitics, and is an aiitliority in matters political. 

Mr. Shiner was married Ma}- 30, 1873, to Ella 
Modora Page, only child of Henry H. and Maria 
(Jacobs) Page, natives respectively of Maine and 
New Hampshire. At the age of nine years she 
accompanieil her i)arents to Independence, Iowa, 
and later to AVaterloo, where she met Mr. ishiner. 
Tliey have four children: Ed. Clayton, Bessie 
Augusta. Jo Melanethon and Frank Stewart. They 
are bright, intelligent children and are receiving 
good educations. 

AV. F. Hill. Associate Editor of the Westmore- 
land Recorder, was born April 10, 1856, and is a 
son of Samuel and Winuifred Hill, natives of Ohio 
and Indiana respectively. Thej' were married in 
1855, and moved the same year to Monroe County, 
Iowa, where the subject of this sketch was born. 
The following year they removed to Ringgold 
County, Iowa, where they purchased a farm upon 
which they resided for twenty-three years. The 
father served two and one-half ^-ears in tlie Civil 
War. In 1879 they located in the town of Goshen, 
where Mr. Hill died Nov. 11, 1884. 

During the winter terms W. F. Hill attended the 
country school in the district where he lived, and 
at the age of twenty- entered the Iowa City Acad- 
cni}'. wheie he remained one term. The ensuing 
year he entered the State University of Iowa, and 
was a student there three years. It took him about 
six years to obtain this scho >ling, as it was neces- 
sarj' for him to teach or do other work about half 
the time to [lay his expenses. 

The marriage of our subject to ]\Iiss Hattie Ap- 
plegate occurred May 20, 1884, and after that 
event they located at once iu Douglas, Butler Co., 
Kan., where Mr. Hill was assistant principal of the 
city schools for two 3ears, while Mrs. Hill taught 
the primary department. In 188G they movetl to 
Havensville. Pottawatomie County, and here also 
Mr. Hill was for two years principal of the schools. 

while his wife hud charge of the intermediate de- 
partment. In 18S8 they moved to Westmoreland, 
where Mr. Hill was principal of schools for one 
year, and then bought a half interest in the West- 
moreland Recorder, and in conjunction with J. W. 
Shiner he still edits and publishes that paper. Mr. 
and Mrs. Hill are members of the Methodist Epis- 
cal Church. They have one son, Forrest A'incent, 
born Aug. 9, 1889. 

-^ "^-^ ''*- 

C" GEORGE URQUHART is an old settler, a 
=, substantial farmer, and an honorable man, 
JijI residing on section 4. Rock Creek Town- 
ship, Pottawatomie County. He has an excellent 
farm of 200 acres of good land all well-improved 
and cultivated. Its present tine condition is en- 
tirely owing to his own efforts, as there was not a 
furrow turned, nor the beginning of a building on 
the place when he took possession nineteen years 

Our subject belongs to that famous race which 
claims such spirits as Bruce, and Wallace, '-Bobbie" 
Burns, and Sir Walter Scott, as their rej-resenta- 
tives. He was born in the Highlands of Scotland 
about the year of 1825, in the village of Scotts- 
burn. Parish of Logieeaster, or Ross Shire, and 
continued to reside in his native place until 1851 1 
when he emigrated to America and settled in 
Grundy County, III., where he resided during 
most of the time until 1.S70. A portion of the 
time spent in America, previous to becoming a 
citizen of Kansas, was spent in the counties of La 
Salle and Williamson in Illinois, but the greater 
portion was passed in Grund}- County, as mentioned 
above. While, a resident of the latter county, Mr. 
I'rquhart was united in marriage with Miss Mary 
Cameron, of the same county, the ceremony taking 
place on the 17th of April, 1857. 

In 1870 Mr. Urquhart and his family removed 
to Kansas, stopping for a brief period in Topeka, 
then moving to Pottawatomie County, and locat- 
ing on their present i)lace. Our subject took up a 
homestead of eight_y acres, which he afterward in- 
creased to 120, and subsequently enlarged his 
farm still further by the purchase of eighty acres 



adjoining, thus malting his place the size it is at 
present. Not being able to build a house, Mr. 
Urqnhart excavated a cellar which he walled up 
with stone aud roofed with boards, and in that 
place the family lived about five years. In 
the meantime Mr. I'rquhart busied himself plow- 
ing the land, planting and reaping the crops, build- 
ing fences and providing shelter for what stock he 
was able to purchase from time to time, and in 
other ways providing for the immediate wants of 
his family, and securing money to build a substan- 
tial and comfortable dwelling. As above stated, 
when five years had come and gone, he found him- 
self in a condition to carry out his cherished plan 
of building a house that would be a credit to his 
enterprise and a permanent home for his family, so 
he proceeded to put his scheme into execution, 
also planting a second orchard, the one first put 
out having been destroyed by fire. The result of 
his labor is to be seen by any one passing by, in the 
good family residence, fine young orchard now iu 
healing, neat fences, durable shelter for his stock , 
and all the other evidences of a fine farm in first 
class condition. 

Mrs. Urquhart is a lady excellentlj well fitted to 
be the wife of a man of Mr. I'rquhart's energetic 
disposition, as she is competent to take care of her 
part of the domestic machinery, and has been an 
able and willing assistant to her husband in all his 
efforts to improve tiieir temporal condition. Mucli 
of their success is due to her unflagging industry 
and cheerful disposition. She is a native of the 
Highlands of .Scotland, having been born in Argyle- 
shire. She crossed the stormy Atlantic, and 
landed in the port of New York just four days 
prior to the landing of him who was afterward to be 
her husliand. The date of her arrival in this coun- 
try was Sept. 4, 1851, while that of Mr. Urquhart 
was September 8, in the same 3'ear. Miss Cameron 
accompanied her parents to Grundy County, 111., 
and remained with them until leaving to be mis- 
tress of a home of her own. Her people are still 
residents of that county, and are highly respected 
and loved for their kind hearts and industrious 

Mr. and Mrs. Urquhart have had their hearts 
cheered and their home brightened by the advent 

of three children, all girls: Jeannette, the widow of 
E. Enzor, is at the home of her parents with her 
two children, Cynthia B. and Marj' C; Ann, Mrs. 
H. Eversmier. is living at present in Washington 
County, Kan.; and Hectarina, who is still at home. 
Mr. Urquhart and his wife are members of the 
Presbyterian Church, and are regular and devoted 
attendants upon its services. Mr. Urquhart is a 
stanch Republican in politics, but will not consent 
to take any office. He and his family are among 
the most highly respected and popular people of 
tlie township, and are worthy of all the esteem and 
good wishes that they receive. They are an in- 
telligent family, Mr. Urquhart being especially well- 
read in all matters of history and current literature. 

^TL^ERMAN FIEGENER. The community of 
ijfji; Spring Creek Township includes numbers 
J^>/^' of young and enterprising men upon wliom 
(^) is falling the mantle of their fathers, which 
they are bearing in a most praiseworthy manner. 
The subject of this sketch, who has just passed the 
thirty -first j'ear of his age, is a citizen of rare 
promise and already well-to-do, owning 240 acres 
of prime land on sections 8 and 9, and in connec- 
tion with this also ojjerates his father's farm of 120 
acres. He was born in St. Louis, Mo., Sept. 16, 
1858, and lived there until a boy of seven years, 
at the expiration of which time his parents came to 
Kansas, making the journey by boat to Atchison, 
and tlience by team to Pottawatomie County in 
the spring of 1865. 

Young Fiegener was tiius reared on the frontier, 
acquiring at an early age those habits of industry 
which have been the source of his later success. 
He grew up strong and vigorous, making himself 
generally useful on the farm from the time he was 
ten years old, driving oxen, plowing, etc. During 
those early years the eountr3' around presented a 
vast plain, over which deer and other wild animals 
roamed in unrestrained freedom, and where the 
foot of the white man seldom passed. Young Fie- 
gener attended the primitive schools, where he 
acquired a very good education. At the earlj- age 
of nineteen years he took charge of his father's 



place, carrying it on very successfully. In 1880 
he purchased his present homestead and also home- 
steaded eighty acres adjoining. In 1885 he pur- 
chased another eighly acres, and has brought the 
whole to a high state of cultivation and erected 
thereon substantial modern buildings. The land 
is watered by Spring Creek, and 1 40 acres are un- 
der the plow. It is largely devoted to grain and 
stock-raising, Mr. Fiegner feeding and shipping to 
Kansas City about three carloads of cattle annually 
and two cars of swine. 

The subject of this sketch was married in Blaine. 
July 31. 1881, to Miss Hannah Seibert. This lady 
was born in Blue Valley Township, and is the 
daughter of Casper Siebert, a pioneer settler and a 
prominent and successful farmer now living on the 
Blue River, in Blue Valley Township. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Fiegener there have been born four children, 
viz: Casper, Gottfried, John and Lizzie. Mr. Fie- 
gener votes the straight Democratic ticket, and with 
his estimable wife is an active member of the Catho- 
lic Church at Blaine, to which they conti-iI)ute a 
liberal support. 

'•^he father of our subject was John Fiegener, a 
native of Prussia, born April 25, 1820. The pa- 
ternal grandfather, Thomas Fiegener, likewise a 
native of Prussia, was a carpenter bj' trade, and 
married Miss Anna Christina Wagner, a native of 
his own Province. John, like his father, learned 
carpentering, which he followed from his boyhood 
up. until coming to America. He crossed the At- 
lantic in the fall of 1852, sailing from the port of 
Bremen on the "Keppler." which, after a voyage of 
eight weeks and two days, landed him in New Or- 
leans. Thence he proceeded to St. Louis, Mo., 
where he was variously employed until the spring 
of 18G5. Then coming to Kansas he homesteaded 
eighty acres of land on Spring Creek, where he 
now lives. In due time he purchased eighty acres 
adjoining, and has brought the whole to a fine state 
of cultivation, building up a comfortable home. 
He rents his land and is now living retired from 
active labor. He was married in early manhood to 
Elizabeth Miller, likewise a native of Prussia, and to 
them there were born five children, of whom Her- 
man, the subject of this sketch was the eldest; 
Catherine. Mrs. Wapp, is a resident of Spring 

Creek Township; Mary, Mrs. Falder, is a resident 
of Washington County; Lizzie, Mrs. Budenbender, 
lives in Spring Creek Township; Bertha is sojourn- 
ing in Kansas City. 

W. OHN ROBSON. Industrj-,frugality, integrity 
and good business management are qualities 
characteristic of nearly all Scotch "laddies,"' 
_ and our subject is not lacking in these. It 
is. doubtless, to their possession that his success is 
to be attributed. He, like so many others, started 
in life with his capital in his head and good right 
arm. and has by their united working secured for 
himself a good home and a competence, which re- 
moves him from the need of being dependent in 
the future on the fluctuations of trade. His fortune 
is, in the providence of God, owing to his own 
energy and ability. 

Mr. Robson was born in Scotland, Aug. 12, 1838, 
and passed the years of his youth and early man- 
hood in his native country. Upon arriving at a 
proper age he was apprenticed to learn the trade of 
a stone-mason, and after completing the course 
required was engaged in that occupation in his na- 
tive place until 1866. when he emigrated to Amer- 
ica. Upon his arrival he first settled in Wilmington, 
Will Co., 111., and worked at his trade in that place 
until 1877, in which year he removed to and 
bought 260 acres of land, which was onl^' slightly 
improved. Since that time he has bought more 
until at present he owns 500 acres of excellent land 
lying on sections 27, 34, 35 and 26 in Rock Creek 
Township, Pottawatomie County. Immediately 
upon getting his family settled on the farm he be- 
gan vigorously to push forward the work of m.aking 
improvements. Following in his methods the ex- 
ample set by the most advanced farmers, he has 
made everything first class, including a fine orch- 
ard of choice trees, neatly trimmed, a luxuriant 
hedge, outbuildings of the most approved style, and 
on section 27 has a handsome stone house, 26x32 
feet, and two stories high. The house was built 
in 1879, two years after he located in the county. 
He is now engaged in general farming and stock- 
raising, and is one of the most prominent farmers 



of the township. He and his family enjoy tlie re- 
spect and good will of all with whom they are 

In 1864, while still a resident of Scotland, Mr. 
Robson was married to Miss Eliza Scott, the cere- 
mony taking place on the 10th of June. Mrs. 
Robson was born, May 15, 1839, in Scotland, and 
grew to womanhood in her native place. She is 
liberally endowed bj" nature with a vigorous intel- 
lect and a sound constitution, which, united to her 
amiable disposition, have contributed to make her 
a valued and efficient assistant to her husband in 
his work. Five children have been born to them, 
named respectively: Elizabeth, William, Andrew, 
Anna and Walter. They are bright and intelligent, 
and are receiving the best education that good 
schools can give, and the prospect for llieir future 
usefulness is a brilliant one. 

Mr. Robson has been Treasnrer of the school 
district from the time he first came to the place, 
and has given universal satisfaction in the manner 
in which he manages the funds. In politics he 
takes a fairly deep interest, not seeking office, but 
closely scrutinizing the record of those who are 
presented as candidates for responsible positions by 
the respective parties, and voting for those who 
come up to the standard of qualifications which he 
thinks are necessar_y in those who would manage 
pulilic aff.iirs. He usually finds himself in agree- 
ment with the Republican party. Mr. and Mrs. 
Robson are consistent members of the Congrega- 
tional Church, and are highly esteemed by their 
neighbors for their sterling goodness and active 

ENRY SCHIRMER. The German residents 
Jj of Jackson County are worthily represented 
by the above-named gentleman, whose fine 
farm is located on section 5, Franklin 
Township, and consists of 360 broad acres. The 
improvements which it bears are better than the 
average, the dwelling and barn Ijeing especially 
well built and commodious. The entire estate 
bears an api)earance of order nnd thrift quite in 
keeping with the character of the owner, wht) is 

well known as a progressive and energetic farmer 
and stockman, his specialty in the latter line being 
the raising of Short-horn cattle. 

The parents of our subject were Frederick C. 
and Engel (Ennabrock) Sehirmer, of German}-, in 
which land they lived until 1864, when thej' emi- 
grated to the United States, coming direct to this 
county upon landing in New York. They settled 
on section 32, Liberty Township, afterward chang- 
ing their residence to the place where their son now 
lives. Here the father died March 30, 3 87U;the 
mother still survives and is making her home with 
lier son AVilliam in this county. The parental fam- 
ily consisted of two children — our subject and an 
older brother, William. The subject of this sketch 
was born in Germany, Aug. 12, 1854, and was 
consequently ten 3^ears old when he accompanied 
his parents to America. He was educated in the 
common schools and lived with his father until his 
death, afterward taking charge of the farm which 
he now owns and operates. 

At the home of Charles and Susannah (Deichler) 
Daschner, in Richardson County, Neb , the rites of 
wedlock were [celebrated between their daughter 
Sophia and Mr. Sehirmer, the date of the liapp}' 
event being Jan. 2, 1882. The parents of the bride 
are natives of Germany, and their first settlement 
in America was made in Kane County, III., where 
Mrs. Sehirmer was born July 9, 1860. Their fam- 
ily 'ivas a large one, comprising eighteen sons and 
daughters, and Mrs. Sehirmer was one of the 
younger members of the family; she received an 
excellent education in the schools of this country, 
and from her mother has learned the good house- 
keeping and thriftj' ways which are considered so 
necessary an accomplishment among the race from 
which she sprung. In addition she has the firm 
principles and Christian character which exert an 
influence for good beyond the immediate home 
circle. Five bright and interesting children clus- 
ter around the fireside, their names being William 
W., Laura S., Franklin F., Amanda M. and p]d- 
ward K. 

Mr. Sehirmer gives his suffrage to the Repub- 
lican party, believing its principles will best ad- 
vance the interest of the Nation. He is not only a 
man of hiyli moral character, both he and his wife 


































being members of the German Evangelical Church, 
but is a genial, whole-souled gentleman, who makes 
many friends. The parents of Mrs. Sch i-mer are 
still living on their homestead in F chardson 
County, Neb. A fine view of the reside ce of Mr. 
Sehirmer is given upon another page in t lis Album. 

^p^ EORGE W. SHEHI, of Spring Creek Towu- 
(|| I—, ship, Pottawotamie County, is well known 
^^^ as a large land-owner and stockman, his 
specialty in the latter line being tl e breeding of 
thoroughbred horses. He is well informed regarding 
equines, and a lover of those animals would find 
much pleasure in conversing with him regarding 
their traits and the characteristics of different 
breeds, as well as in a visit to his stables. In fact, 
a man would be the wiser aftcrany conversn' ion with 
liim, his years having been well improved in glean- 
ing knowledge in various departments of life. His 
home is more than ordinarily comfortable and 
.pleasant, and both it and the farm are furnished 
with modern improvements which are not to be 
found in every rural residence. Mr. Shelii is an 
enterprising and public spirited citizen, and a jolly, 
good-natured and upright man. He is the secoud 
oldest settler in Spring Creek Township, possesses 
the largest acreage of land held by an}- one man 
therein, and has the largest horse ranch in the 

The paternal grandfather of our subject was 
born in Ireland, being of Scotch-Irish blood, and 
on coming to America, located in Fauquier County, 
Va., where his son. John, father of our subject, 
was born. John Shehi moved to Keutucky in 
1790, and there engaged in farming, also flat-boat- 
ing down the Ohio and Mississippi rivers to New 
Orleans, where he would sell boat and cargo, and 
return to his home on foot. During the War of 
1812 he served as a Lieutenant under the command 
of Gen. Andrew Jackson. In 1832 he located near 
Monmouth, 111., and engaging in agricultural pur- 
suits, became a prosperous farmer and stockman. 
In March, 1865, he came to Kansas, and from that 
time till his death, in 187G, resided with his chil- 
dren, being borne to the grave when past eighty- 

nine years of age. The mother of our subject was 
in her maidenhood Miss Mary McDonald, was 
born in the Blue Gra,ss State, and died in Illinois, 
Nov. 8, 1864. Her grandfather McDonald, served 
eight years under Washington in the struggle for 
American independence. Mr. aud Mrs. John Shehi 
were the parents of six children: John, who lives 
at Monmouth, 111.; Hon. J. H., of this county; 
Daniel, of Colorado Springs, Colo. ; the subject of 
this biographv ; Henry, who is now deceased ; and 

George W. Shehi was born near Monmouth, 111,, 
Nov. 12, 1836, and was reared and educated on 
the farm, spending some time at clerking during 
his early years. He made his home with his par- 
ents in their rural abode until the spring of 1860, 
when, in company with his brother, J. H., he 
started for Pike's Peak, traveling up the Platte 
River, Soon after reaching the mountains, he 
was taken sick, and being obliged to return t3 his 
home, made his way thither through Northern 
Kansas. The following spring he .again left his 
home and w'ent by boat to Atchison, thence by 
stage to Topeka, and thence on foot to Spring 
Creek, on which he took a pre-emption claim of 
160 acres on section 21, and immediately liegan 
improving the same on a cash capital of §2.50. In- 
dians were numerous in the locality, sometimes 
making themselves more familiar than was desir- 
able on his place, and he hunted many a deer not 
far from his own door. Two years after taking up 
his residence here, Mr. Shehi homesteaded land, 
also on section 21, whicli has been thoroughly im- 
proved and successfully cultiv.ated. The creek 
which waters it would sometimes overflow, causing 
some inconvenience to the owner and his famil}', 
and after some years he removed to the pl.ace 
which he now occupies on section 33, He had 
puictiased this land in 1878, but did not occupy- it 
as a residence until 1884, 

The home farm of Mr, Shehi is supplied with 
adequate outbuildings and a large residence, and 
the hatter is furnished with water from a fine 
S|)ring thirty-two feet above the house, from which 
pipes convey the sparkling liquid and form a com- 
plete system of waterworks. The landed estate of 
Mr, Shehi comprises 2,000 acres, for which he has 



paid from $1.66 to $10 per acre. It is all well 
fenced, and three residences, with barns and other 
adequate buildings, orchards, etc., have been built 
and set out upon it. Mr. Shehi has been en- 
gaged in buying and shipping stock extensively, 
averaging fifteen carloads per mouth, and still 
feeds and raises cattle, having about 200 head on 
the place .at this writing. He raises some fuU- 
blaoded Durham cattle and Poland-China hogs. As 
before mentioned, however, his especial attention 
is given to the tquine race, and breeding thorough- 
breds and trotters. He now has seventy head of 
horses, and nine are thoroughbred. One of these 
is "Candanze," who has been a winner in almost 
every race in which she has started. Of thirteen 
in which she took part last fall, she took the first 
prize in all but one. She makes the half-mile in 
49^ seconds. The thoroughbred, "Senator Morrell,' ' 
is at the head of the stud, "llydralla," sired by 
Spokane, is entered in the Kenwood stakes at Chi- 

In 1881 Mr. Shehi opened a bank at Olsburg, 
and after running it eight months removed it to 
Greenleaf, and subsequently sold it. In the spring 
of 1864 he was enrolled in the State Militia, and in 
the fall, with the 14th Regiment, took part in the 
engagements during Price's raid. He is a stanch 
Republican, and has been a delegate to county con- 
ventions, and prior to the last Presi'lential election 
bet heavily on the chances of the Republican can- 
didate. Gen. Harrison. He has been influential in 
various public matters connected with the county 
and township, having assisted in the organiza- 
tion of tlie former, and has served as Township 
Clerk for two terms. He also a^sisled in building 
the Shehi school-house, which w;is the first edifice 
erected for educational purposes in the township, 
and has been connected with the School Board 
from that day. His wife is a member of the Con- 
gregational Church. 

The marriage of Mr. Shehi was celebrateil at 
Westmoreland, in July, 1861, the bride being Miss 
Harriet Cowan, who was born in Ohio. She has 
been a valued companion, ever ready to encourage 
him during his early years of toil, and in the con- 
duct of her household affairs and the training of 
the children with whom they have been blessed, 

has shown her worth of character. They have a 
a large and interesting family, named respectively: 
Mary, Charles W., Alice J., Emma, John A., George 
E., Laura M., Archibald A., Gracie L. and Daisj^ 
A. Mary is a graduate of the Gem City Business 
College, at Quincy, 111., and is at home: Charles 
W. is Township Trustee, and a iirominent farmer 
in Spring Creek Township; Alice J. is the wife of 
Ernest Root, of Marshall County; Emnva is the 
wife of George McCarger, of Shannon Township, 
this count}-; the rest are at home. A view of the 
residence of Mr. Shehi will be found on another 

OIIN AV. TIDLER, now living in Spring 
Creek Township, Pottawatamie County, has 
had experiences that would fill much larger 

Ifj space than can be given in a volume of this 
kind. He has traveled considerably on the plains, 
where he had various adventures with Indians, and 
has had practical experience in various forms of 
Western life outside of this State, of which he is an 
old settler, and in which he has endured the toils 
and privations incident to life on the frontier. He 
now occujiies a prominent position among the citi- 
zens of the township where he resides, his manly 
and upright character, his active interest in mat- 
ters of public weal, and his wide information and 
knowledge of men and affairs, alike entitling him 
to the high esteem of those among whom he asso- 

The father of our subject, was George Tirller, 
who was born in Shenandoah County, Va., and af- 
ter arriving at a sufficient age, was there engaged 
as a hatter, as was his father, who came to the Old 
Dominion from Germany. Mr. George Tidier re- 
moved from New Market, Va., to Floyd County, 
Ind., where he engaged in brick-making, and was 
in the railroad employ, and where his death took 
place in 1843. He was a member of the Lutheran 
Church, and a firm believer in the tenets of that 
society. The mother of our subject l)ore the maiden 
name of Ann Dolan, was born in Ireland, and was 
the daughter of well-to-do parents, who belonged 
to the Scotch Presbyterian Church. .She came to 
America with her uncle and a brother. Her death 



also took place in the Hoosier State, and she re- 
joiced in the faith of her Scotch-Irish ancestiT. To 
herself and husband six children v.ere horn: IMar}', 
Williini, Eliza, and George, are now deceased, and 
Emma is residing in New Albany, Ind. 

The gentleman whose name initiates this sketch, 
was the fourtli in the parental famil}', and was born 
in New Market, Shenandoah Co., Va., on Christmas 
Day, 1835. When a child he was taken by his par- 
ents to Indiana, and received his early training and 
education in New Albany. At tiie age of twelve 
years he was apprenticed at the blacksmith's trade, 
and worked at the same for five years, being then 
apprenticed to learn gas-fitting, and two year.s later 
becoming a jonrneyman at the latter trade. He 
went to Winchester, Va., where he fitted up the 
town, the following j-ear going to St. Louis, Mo., 
wiiere he sojourneil a tvvelvemonth, emploj'ed at 
the trade last learned. He then returned to New 
Albanj', where he remained until the spring of 
1857, when he went to St. Louis, thence by boat to 
St. Joseph, and by team to Gage County, Neb., 
where he located a claim two miles from Blue 
Springs, on the creek which now bears his name. 
He improved and operated his claim of 160 acres, 
until the spring of 1859, when he journeyed to 
Pike's Peak b3' ox-team, iiavingbeen seized with an 
att.ack of the gold fever, from which so many men 
suffered that year. 

Mr. Tidier engaged in mining aud prospecting, 
but some one having jumped his Nebraska claim, 
lie was obliged to return, but in spite of his efforts 
to retain it, he was beaten out of it, all he got being 
1100. He next returned to Jackson Count}-, Kan., 
where for some months he worked on a farm, and 
at various other jobs, and in 1861 engaged in 
freighting to the mountains. On his first trip the 
party was attacked near Ft. Lamed by Indians, 
who coralled tiicm and held a council of war re- 
garding tliem. The savages wanted blankets, and 
the white men not having them, were finally al- 
lowed to depart in safety. On tlie same trip Mr. 
Tidier and a companion, while out hunting jack 
rabbits, were captured bj' a band of red men, and 
after being relieved of their gold watelies and other 
trinkets, were told to '■Pocaciiee." During the fall 
of the same year, he returned to the Mississippi 

Valley, and in the spring of 1862, enlisted in the 
United States Commissary Department, being mus- 
tered into service at St. Louis, and attached to the 
army of the Southwest. He filled the rank of Sec- 
ond Lieutenent, and was occupied in the work of 
transferring stores by teams from the supply de- 
pots to the camps where the}' were needed, a service 
both arduous and dangerous. Being mustered out 
in the spring of 1864, Mr. Tidier immediately went 
into the United States Telegraph service, bearing 
the same rank as in his previous work, and being 
employed in repairing telegraph lines and similar 
duties until May, 1865, when he resigned. 

Returning to Jackson County, Mr. Tidier bought 
eighty acres of land near Netawaka, and entered 
upon the more peaceful occupation of a farmer, 
improving and operating bis farm until the spring 
of 1882, when he sold and purchased 240 acres in 
this county, where he now resides. The land is 
located on sections 32 and 22, Spring Creek Town- 
ship, and when purchased by its present owner was 
raw land. He immediately located upon it, and 
began its improvement and cultivation, and it is 
now in a high state of fertility, and bears marked 
improvements, the residence and other outbuild- 
ings being tastefully designed and well-constructed. 
The estate is neatly fenced, and one of its attrac- 
tive and remunerative features is an excellent col- 
lection of bearing fruit trees. The farm is located 
at the head of Four Mile Creek, which waters and 
fertilizes it, and is well-adai)ted for both grain and 
stock-raising, in which Mr. Tidier is engaged. He 
raises high-grade Durham cattle, and keeps a few 
head of high-grade Norman and Clydesdale horses. 

Mr. Tidier was united in marriage at the home 
of the bride near Ilolton, in 1872, with Miss Har- 
riet Allen, who was born in Lenawee Count}', Mich. 
This estimable lady has borne him seven children, 
who are receiving careful home training at their 
hands, and the best educational advantages which 
can be secured them. Emily C, the oldest daugh- 
ter, is now attending the High School at Manhat- 
tan; Margaret J., Eliza A., Bertha B., Esther, 
Eilitli G., and Ph(el)e. are yet at home. 

Mr. Tidier is especially interested in educational 
affairs, and has been School Treasurer m this county 
for three years. While in Jackson County, he 



server! as School Director for an equal length of 
time. He is a fervent Republican, never failing to 
cast his vote in tlie interests of the principles to 
which he adheres. Mrs. Tirller holds membership 
in the Riciielieu Methodist Episcopal Church. 

^ YLA'ESTP:R fowler, editor of the Pot- 
tawatomie Cour.ty Times, has liad con- 
1' siderabie experience in editorial work, and 
possesses the qualities of mind which fit 
him for Ins clioseii profession. The sheet which he 
now edits has the largest circulution of any in the 
county, and is ably conducted, the good judgment 
which is shown in the selection of matter for pub- 
lication, and th:- excellent command of language, 
making its editorial columns entertaining as well 
as instructive. 

The editor of this sheet was born in Williams 
Count}'. Oliio, Marcli 2, 1853, and was not a year 
old when his parents removed to Iowa, whence 
about three years later tliey came to Kansas. It 
was then a Territor}-, and tlie father of our subject 
being an Abolitionist, in.ade one of the number 
who caused its admission to tlie Union as a Free 
State. "John Brown of Ossawatomie" on more 
than one occasion sat at the table in whose circle 
our subject was included. Mr. Fowler during his 
boyhood saw herds of buffalo in the Republican 
Yallc}' , near where Clay Center now stands. The 
family moved to Southwestern Missouri, in 1886, 
and the father died in Dade County, five years 

He of whom we write taught school in Northern 
Arkansas, but though his education was quite 
sufficient for the duties of that profession, it was 
not congenial; nevertlieless, he has more than once 
turned his talents to account in that field of labor. 
He learned the printer's trade in Springfield, Mo., 
and later established the IndeiwndenX at that place. 
In 1876, he returned to Kansas, and for a time 
taught school in this county. In 1878, he was 
editor of the Reporler, published at Louisville, and 
has since been editor of the Herald, also published 
there, and of the Tribune, in Wamego. 

In July. 1880, a matrimonial alliance was con- 
tracted between Mr. Fowler and Miss Lizzie Shaw. 

This estimable lady has borne her husband three 
children, in whose development their parents take 
great pleasure. The charming group comprises: 
Maud, who was born March 21, 1882; Herbert S., 
Aug. 24, 1885. and Edna, June 23, 1889. 

Mr. Fowler is not only an efficient journalist and 
a man of intelligence and education, but possesses 
the good principles and pleasing manners which 
win friends, and, together with his wife, is highly 
regarded bj' his fellow-citizens. 

«>»- « ■ > «. ; >. p i ; « xi » ten 

9^.M ICIIAEL J. WALSH, farmer, real-estate, 
loan and insurance agent, lumber, coal and 
grain dealer, of Blaine, Pottawatomie 
County, and an active temperance man, 
is numbered among its most solid citizens, and one 
who has materially aided in the growth of the 
town. He is in the prime of life, having been 
born on the 29t:. of Septemlier. 1843, in County 
Mayo, Ireland. He lived there until a j-outh of 
sixteen j^ears, then emigrating to America, settled 
in Scranton, Lawrence Co., Pa., where he engaged 
in mining until 1878. That year he came to Kan- 
sas and bought the south half of the southwest 
quarter of section 15, where he now lives. Later 
he purchased 160 acres in the same section, having 
now 320 acres, all lying within two miles of the 
town of Blaine. Since coming to the Sunflower 
State ho has been continuously engaged in farming 
and stock-raising, and he is recognized as one of 
the most intelligent, progressive and successful 
agriculturists of his township. 

Mr. Walsh embarked in the loan and insurance 
business in 1879. He was elected Justice of the 
Peace in Clear Creek Township, in November, 
1878, immediatel}' after becoming a citizen, and 
held that office until November, 1888. In 1889, 
he engaged with James M. Walsh in the lumber, 
coal, grain and stock business, in which thej' are 
transacting a thriving trade. He was elected Jus- 
tice the first time on the People's ticket, and was 
subsequently retained by common consent. He is 
an ardent temperance man, courteous in his de- 
meanor, and a general favorite both in the business 
and social circles of his community. 



On the 11th of February, 1868. Mr. Walsh was 
married in Staffordshire, England, to Miss Eliza- 
beth Thompson, who was horn of Irisii parents at 
Brierly Hill, Staffordshire, England. They have 
thirteen children, all living. The father of our 
subject was Michael Henry AValsh, also a native of 
Counly Mayo, a farmer by occupation, and who, 
after spending a quiet and uneventful life, died in 
his native Ireland, in January, I8G5, in the fiftieth 
year of his age. The maiden name of the mother 
was Sarah O'Malh'. She born in AVestport, 
County Mayo, and is still living, making her home 
in that couuty. The parental famil}' consisted of 
six children, live of whom lived to mature years. 
Michael J. is the only representative of his family 
in this State. Mr. and Mrs. Walsh became the 
parents of eleven children, three of whom are de- 
ceased. Their names are as follows: Sarah M., 
.loseijh M.. John (1st), Mary, James, Lizzie, Annie, 
Katie, .Alaggie. John (2d), and Theressa. Of these, 
Sarah M., John and James are deceased. 


jLS OODY B. POWERS. One of tiie finest 
/// iV estates in Pottawatomie County belongs to 
the subject of this notice. It addition to 
a well-developed homestead, where he has 
a fine residence, two stories in height and built fif 
stone, his sons also own a whole section of pasture 
land in the southwest part of Rilej- County, Kan. 
His career has been marked by great industr3- and 
lierseverance, and his undertakings have usually 
been crowned with success. 

A native of the Pine Tree State, Mr. Powers was 
born April 5, 1822, at Deer Isle, Hancock Countj', 
and on his father's side traces his ancestry to Capt. 
Peter Powers, who was sent by the (Governor of 
the Colony of New Hampshire to explore the Con- 
necticut A'alley on the north, in Vermont. Peter 
Powers, tiie paternal grandfather of our subject, 
was born in Hollis, N. H., and was a minister of 
the Congregational Church. He was the first man 
to preach the Gospel in the Vermont Colon}', and 
was there at the outbreak of the Revolutionary 
War. Being an ardent patriot in a tory section, he 
was obliged to leave. Prior to this he had been 

married, in Massachusetts, to a Miss Hale, and 
when driven from Vermont he returned to the Bay 
State, but stayed there onl}' a short time. There 
being then a settlement on Deer Isle in need of a 
minister, he went to that place and sojourned there 
carrying on his ministerial labors until his death. 
His three eldest children remained in Vermont, 
joining the patriot band known as the "Green 
Mountain boys." 

Among the sons of Peter Powers was Moody, 
the father of our subject, who was a lad of twelve 
years when the family removed to Deer Isle. There 
he was reared and educated and became a phj'si- 
eian, following the practice of his profession in 
Deer Isle the remainder of his life. He died there 
about 1851, being then over eighty years old. The 
mother, Mrs. Elizalieth (Eaton) Powers, passed 
away in 1869, being then ninety five years old. 
There had been born to them the following chil- 
dren, the eldest of whom, a daughter, Ibinnnh. 
died ir the vvinter of Ijs88-«9. at the age of eighty- 
six years, in Deer Isle. She was married to Amos 
Howard, also deceased several years ago. and b ft 
three daughters and one son, the latter of wh^'m is 
a seafaring man. Hale lives on a farm ueai' Deer 
Isle; .Jonathan died in IS.sf), in Vermont; he marri. d 
Electa Powers and followed his trade of a tailor dur- 
ing his younger years, afterward taking up farming; 
he was the father of one bo}' and twogirls. ElizabHih 
was twice married and died in 1879, leaving two 
children 113' lier first husband. Capt. Tyler; Sarah 
married John Parker, deceased, and died at Mt. 
Desert, Me., in 1887; she had one daughter and 
three sons. Peter is a seafaring man, having his 
home on Long Island; William is the father of a 
large famil}' and makes his home at Deer Isle; 
Lucy was married and died at Deer Isle when 
twent3--eight 3-ears old, leaving two children; Sam- 
uel is married and living on a farm on Deer Isle; 
Mood}' B. was the 3'oungest born. 

I'pon coming to Kansas in 1854 Mr. Powers en- 
tered 160 acres of land on the Elbow Bend of the 
Blue River, comprising the northwest quarter of 
section 10, Blue Township. His entire moneyed 
capital when he began his career in Kansas was 
t\vent3'-five cents. He had a hard struggle during 
! the earlier years, and hauled all his supplies over 



land from Leavenworth and Kansas' City. Provi- 
dence, however, had blessed him with a stout heart 
and a rugged frame, and he persevered through 
ever3' difficulty, finally coming off with ilying 
colors. He had been married in Deer Isle, Me., 
Dec. 27, 1842, to Miss Abigail Mason. This lady 
was born in Deer Isle in 1824. and was the daugh- 
ter of Willoughby and Louisa (Holden) Mason, 
who spent their entire lives in their native place, 
Deer Isle. 

Of this union there were born twelve children ; 
the eldest, Augusta, married John Heintz, and they 
reside on a farm along Bear Creek near I^vergreen, 
Colo.; they are tlie parents of two daughters. 
Elmira is the wife of Frank Ingraham, a lawyer of 
Colorado City, and the3' have two sons and two 
daughters ; Moody died when a lad of thirteen years ; 
Milton married Miss Sarah Holton,and lives on Deep 
Creek, Riley County; they liave two children. Mor- 
rill is unmarried and lives at home ; Abigail married 
John Holton, a farmer, living near Evergreen, 
Colo., and they have four children; Betsy C. mar- 
ried Thomas Pearson, a farmer near Evergreen, 
Colo., and they have two sons and one d»ughter; 
Charles S. is unmarried and at home; Jessie married 
J. D. Foureaker, a lawyer of Dallas, Tex., and the3' 
have four cliildren; Benjamin F., Mary and Maude, 
are at home with their father. Mrs. Abigail Pow- 
ers departed this life at tlie homestead in Blue 
Township in November, 1878, at the age of fifty- 
two j'ears. JNIr. Powers, in July, 1880, was married 
to Miss Emma Haskins. This lad\' was Ijorn Feb. 
8, 1851, in Gallia County, Ohio. Politically, Mr. 
Powers is an uncompromising Democrat, and has 
Ijeen somewhat prominent in his party, frequently 
serving as a delegate to the county conventions. 

ENRY HAUB. This gentleman is one of 
the earlj' settlers in Whiting Township,Jack- 
son County, and his life record is one of 
^ usefulness and integrity, sliowing liim to 
be a worthy descendant of an honorable ancestry. 
A citizen interested in all that pertains to the ad- 
vancement of the country and its inhabitants, a 
well-read and intelligent man, he wins the respect 

and good will of all with whom he comes in con- 

Mr. Haub was born in the Duchy of Nassau, 
Germany, Oct. 8, 1829, and was reared in Wiesba- 
den under the best of home surroundings and iionie 
care. Tlie Haub family were all of Nassau, and 
ranked with its most honored inhabitants. The 
father of our subject was George Haub, and his 
father, anotlier George. His mother bore the 
maiden name of Margaret Smith, and was a lady 
of fine education, who, while single, served as a 
saleslady' in a store thirteen years. Her brother, 
John Smith, was an engraver, and for fifty years 
worked in one factory, at Hanau. Wlien he re- 
tired from active work, he was given a banquet 
bj' the citizens of the town, who presented him with 
a gold goblet as a token of their appreciation of 
liis professional abilitj- and honorable character. 

At the age of fourteen, he of whom we write l)C- 
gan to acquire the trade of a silversmith, wliich he 
finished five years later, and then came to America, 
working about a year after his landing, in New 
York City. He then went to Mass.achusetts and 
took up a line of work in boot and shoe manufac- 
turing, continuing tlius employed about four years. 
Tlien coming West as far as Cincinnati, he noticed 
an advertisement of W. S. Rosencrans, who was 
then a topographical engineer, in which he stated 
tliat he would furnish plats of land in Southern In- 
diana, and our subject therefore obtaining the 
necessarj- information, entered some land in Mon- 
roe County, Ind., under the Graduation Law. 
Tliere he lived for twelve years, opening up a farm 
of 220 acres and bringing it to a fine state of cul- 

In 1866 he sold his lauds in the Hoosier State 
and came to look at the AYest, deciding to purchase 
land in this county. He bought 200 acres, a quar- 
ter-section being prairie and the balance timber 
land, just north of town — the quarter-section ad- 
joining that on which he supposed the station 
would be built, as land had been reserved for that 
purpose, and several thousand ties lay on the 
ground. Mr. Haub was the first man in Wliiting 
Township, and his dwelling, a frame structure, 
14x18 feet, was the first one built in the town. 
The first neighbor was Mr. Hendricks, whose fam- 



ilj' staid with Mr. Haiib while tlieii' liome was 
being' erected. The latter was within a short dis- 
tance of that of our subject, and cost $3,000, its 
owner failing immediately after its erection. Mr. 
Haub's post-offlce was at Eureka, on the Parallel 
Road, several miles distant, and about two and a 
half miles south of where Netawaka now stands. 
In the fall of 1869 an ofHce was established at 
Whiting, one and one-half miles from his residence. 

Mr. Haub now owns about 900 acres of land in 
this county, all of which he has improved. He has 
several miles of hedge, which is kept neatly trim- 
med, and on his home place are over 500 healthy, 
bearing apple trees. He also has quite a forest 
about the place, which twenty years ago was but a 
bleak prairie, six acres being occupied by the 
trees, which consist of walnut, soft maple, ash, 
Cottonwood, catalpa and Scotch pine. There are 
some fine specimens among them, particularly of 
the soft maple and Cottonwood species. His resi- 
dence is a double house, now 30x39 feet in dimen- 
sions, with a porch on the east side, and is well 
furnished, containing, among other indications of 
the culture of its inmates, a fine librarj', which in- 
cludes a complete set of Chamber's Encyclopedia, 
and other valuable volumes. A barn, 32x60 feet, 
and a number of other outbuildings, including a 
shop, granaries, corn cribs, etc.. furnish comfortable 
housing for stock, machinery and grain. A 37- 
foot well, the water from which is raised by a 
windmill, furnishes an inexhaustible supply, suf- 
cient for the use of the family in their various 
needs, and for the 200 head of stock which is kept 
upon the place. 

At the residence^of Squire Riley Combs, of Jack- 
son County, Ind., Dec. 9, 1855, the rites of wed- 
lock were celebrated between Mr. Haub and Miss 
Sarah Combs. Riley Combs and his wife, Lucinda, 
were natives of Kentuck}-, and had become resi- 
dents of the Hoosier State prior to the birth of 
their daughter, Sarah, who grew to womanhood in 
her native State, under the careful Ir.ainingof her 
worthy i)arents. IMr. and Mrs. Haub are the par- 
ents of eleven children, all living. IMargaret is the 
wife of Frank Collier, a shoe merchant in Netawaka, 
and has borne him one child ; Lucy is a young 
lady, living at home. Fhajbe married Stephen 

Hayes, and has two children; they now live at 
Horton, where Mr. Hayes owns a farm, and is en- 
gaged in stone quarrying. .John lives on his 
father's place in Soldier Township, this county, is 
married, but has no children. Alice married New- 
ton Ball, of West Virginia, and they now live in 
Soldier Township; they have one child. Ellen, a 
young lad}- at home, is educated for a teacher, and 
holds a good certificate; Laura is still a school 
girl; Hattie and Harrie (twins); Herbert and May 
complete the family circle. Mr. Ilaub has had 
very little sickness in his family, no deaths, and 
has had very little to do with doctors. 

AVliile not an active politician, Mr. Haub is very 
decided in his views, and is a conscientious advocate 
of the principles of the Republican party. He has 
been Treasurer of the School District of the town 
of Whiting, for nearlj' the twenty years of his resi- 
dence here, with the exception of one year. Part 
of the time he has served on the Town Board, 
where he has done signal service. The family be- 
longs to the Methodist Episcopal Church. Our sub- 
ject, while encouraging by word and deed church 
work, is not a member of any church organization. 


O i f %o* . 

SJ SAAC HOOVER is tlit owner and occupant of 
I the fine estate known as "Mar's Hill" in Neta- 
/i\ waka Township, Jackson County, and which is 
regarded as one of the finest rural homes in the 
count}'. This has been the abode of Mr. Hoover 
for a score of years, having been purchased by him 
in July, 1869, when the only improvements upon 
it w'ere an old log cabin and thirty acres of broken 
ground. The large residence and its adequate ac- 
companiments of outbuildings, with the immense 
number of fruit and forest trees that adorn the 
place, prove an attractive feature in the landscape, 
and the fine order in which the entire estate is kqDt 
and the air of freshness that a frequent supply of 
paint gives to the buildings, indicate the thrift and 
good taste of the owner. 

The subject of this biography is a son of John 
and Mary (Harmon) Hoover, and a grandson of 
Jacob Hoover, all of Penns^iviuu!). His birth took 
place in Northumberland County of that State, Feb. 



10, 1836, and he had but meager advantages in the 
way of schooling. He was reared on a farm, which 
he left at the age of eighteen to begin learning the 
carpenter's trade in the town of Sliobokan. There 
he worked for four years and then went to the vicin- 
ity of Sandusky, Ohio, where for a time he engaged 
in farming. Selling out he subsequently went to 
Bushnell, 111., and sojourned there about eighteen 
months, when, fitting out for a life in the West, he 
took up his line of march to this county. 

On arriving here Mr. Hoover bought a quarter 
of section 33, to which he subsequently added an- 
other quarter-section, and has been engaged in 
raising and feeding stock extensively, finding it 
necessary to buy several thousand bushels of corn 
each year for feed. The estate is divided into 
fields of from twelve to forty acres each, the 
boundar}' lines ranking up about four and a half 
miles of hedge. About 1,300 apple trees have been 
set out, many pears, peaches and grapes, and a 
variety of other fruits. The grapes prove a very 
successful crop, and of the pears, the Bartlett is the 
best. The residence is a large and well-designed 
frame structure, 33x33 feet, and two stories high 
in the main. It and the barn, cribs, sheds, etc., are 
kept well painted, and are in consequence more of 
an ornament to the place than are many farm 

Mr. Hoover was married on the 8th of Decem- 
ber, 1859, to Miss Elmyram, daughter of John D. 
Wolverton, of Erie County, Ohio. Four children 
were born to this happy union, three now surviv- 
incr. Mrs. Hoover was removed from her family 
by death, Aug. 16, 1881, and after remaining a 
widower for some time, Mr. Hoover took a second 
companion in the person of Mrs. Mary Myers, 
widow of John Myers, and daughter of Robert Lit- 
tle, formerly of Hendricks County, Ind., and who 
had come to this State in 18G0. The second Mrs. 
Hoover has two living children by her first mar- 
riao-e: The eldest, Carvasso, was graduated at Phil- 
adelphia, Pa., as a pharmacist and now carries on 
a drug business in Centralia, Kan.; John D. is at- 
tending the Baker University at Baldwin, Kan., 
and will probabl}' graduate from that institution ; 
another sou had been born to Mrs. Myers, Burton, 
who died at the age of four years, and who lies 

buried in Circleville, Kan. 

The children whom the first Mrs. Hoover bore to 
her husband are, Harmon, Carrie M. and William 
B. Harmon belongs to the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and has adopted the ministry as his profes- 
sion. He is now attending lectures in the Theo- 
logical school in Boston, Mass., and is regarded as 
a young man of great promise for future usefulness 
in the cause of Christianity: Carrie M. is now at- 
tending the Baldwin City (Kan.) Seminary, and 
will be graduated the coming June; William B. is 
is a school bo}^ ten years of age. 

Mr. Hoover is independent in his political views 
and never holds office, except that of school di- 
rector. Taking a deep interest in educational affairs, 
he is willing to use his judgment in endeavoring 
to serve the people in that capacity. He and his 
wife lielong to the Methodist Church. He is not a 
member of any social order, though of a friendly 
nature and hospitable spirit, finding his recreation 
in his home and among his friends in a less public 
manner, and deriving much enjoyment from the 
care and oversight of his beautiful home. His up- 
right and useful life and his intelligent work as an 
agriculturist and horticulturist give him a high 
standing among the citizens of the county. 


JAMES S. ST. JOHN. Second only to the 
parental influence is that exerted by the 
school-teacher, and it is a pleasure to chron- 
icle the leading events in the life of one 
who has proved his fitness for the work of training 
the minds and cultivating the morals of the rising 
generation. The gentleman whose name initiates 
this sketch has the skill in expounding principles, 
the tact in gaining the attention and good-will, and 
the decision of character combined with kindness 
and keen judgment, that are necessary in a success- 
ful instructor. During ten consecutive j'ears, his 
talents were given to the common schools of Pot- 
tawatomie County, and his influence will long be 

Mr.'St. John belongs to a fine familj', and numbers 
among his relatives ex-Gov. St. John, whose name 
is so well known in this State and throughout the 



nation. James St. Jolin, father of our subject, was 
born in Ohio, but became an inhabitant of Jlarion 
County, lud., when two years old, and in tiie 
lloosier State grew to manhood, married and con- 
tinued to resicie until 1868, wlien lie came to Kan- 
sas and settled tliiee miles west of Wamego. There 
he lived for seven years, and then bought a farm 
in Pottawatomie County on the Indian Reserva- 
tion, where he and his wife still live. He married 
Miss Ann C. Lingeman, a native of Ilesse-Cassel, 
Germany, who bore him eleven children, of whom 
nine now survive. 

The subject of this biography was the fifth in the 
parental family, and born in Hendricks County, 
Ind., May 7, 1858. Though he attended onlj' the 
common schools, ho was a thorough student, and 
at the age of sixteen obtained a teacher's certificate. 
At the age of nineteen he began life for himself, and 
his labors in the field of pedagogy have already 
been noted. In addition to the duties of that 
profession he has always done farm work, and has 
carried on an estate during the summers. He owns 
137 acres of improved land on section 25, Louis- 
ville Township, which has the deep and fertile soil 
of the bottom, and in addition to the crops culti- 
\ated upon it, Mr. St. .John raises horses, cattle and 

On Sept. 5, 1882, the gentleman of whom we 
write was united in marriage with Miss Lizzie F., 
daughter of Robert C. and Harriet B. (Cox) Peddi- 
cord. The estimable wife was born in Sangamon 
County, 111., and received a good common-school 
education, and is possessed of many womanly qual- 
ities. Her parents were natives of Kentuclc}^ and 
■were married in Illinois, where they lived until 
1869, when they settled in AVamego Township, 
Pottawatomie Countj', and there they now reside. 
They had four children, Mrs. St. John being the 
third in order of birth. To Mr. and Mrs. St. John 
two ciiildren have been born: AUie M., Nov. 9, 
1883, and Albert "W., June 2, 1886. The latter 
was drowned in Rock Creek Dec. 12, 1889. 

Mr. St. John is a member of Rose Lodge, No. 122, 
I. O, O. F., of Louisville. Several years since he held 
office of Township Clerk, and in the fall of 1889 he 
was elected Trustee of his township. He has tiled 
his bond and assumed the duties of the office, which 

he will no doubt fulfill in as able a manner as he 
has done other duties in life. He takes an active 
interest in polities, and alwaj's votes the Repub- 
lican ticket. For tlie past two years he has been 
the representative of the township in the County 
Central Committee. Besides his other special busi- 
ness, Mr. St. John has been agent for Thos. Kane & 
Co., dealers in school furniture, in this township. 

^i OSEPH B. GARDINI:R is prosperously con- 
ducting the grocery business in Holton. 
with John Kaul. lie is a man of wide and 
'f^/J varied experience, and is a fine example of 
our self-made men, as he has successfully made his 
own way in the world from an early age. The son 
of one of the earliest pioneers of Kansas, our sub- 
ject has witnessed its entire development from its 
original wild, uninhabited condition to a powerful 
and wealthy State, and it may well be his pride 
that he is doing his part toward maintaining its 
prosperit}'. During the late war he took his place 
in the ranks when a 3'outh of but eighteen years, 
and as a faithful, courageous, loyal soldier, did his 
share of fighting for the Union cause. 

Mr. Gardiner was born, Nov. 28, 1844, seven 
miles west of Liberty, Clay Co., Mo. His father, 
James Gardiner, was a Virginian by birth, and a 
son of William R. Gardiner, whose place of nativity 
is unknown, although he is said to have descended 
from one of three brothers who came from their 
home in England to A merica in the early settle- 
ment of the country. He spent his last j'ears in 
Virginia. The father of our subject was reared in 
his native State, and when quite a young man he 
went to Kentucky, and became a pioneer of Rolls 
Count}'. He took up a tract of land in the forest 
wilds, and devoted a part of each year to its clear- 
ance, his time being occupied the remainder of the 
year in teaching, as he was a very good scholar, 
and had quite an education for those times. In 
1817 he started Westward with a team for the Ter- 
ritory of Missouri, and a pioneer of that part 
of the country, and as soon as the Platte Purchase 
was opened for settlement, he removed there and 
was an early settler of Clay County. He made a 



claim there anJ built a log house, the same in 
which our subject was born. He superintentled the 
improvement of his farm while he engaged in 
teaching. In the year 1854 he sold his property and 
removed to Jefferson County, Kan., and was one 
of the first pioneers to settle in that State. There 
were no railways anywhere west of the Mississippi 
in those days, and Platte City and Weston were 
the depots for supplies for a time, all traffic being 
by the river, The land in Jefferson County iiad 
not been surveyed at the time of his settlement. 
He made liis claim in the summer, and built a log 
cabin, splitting and hewing puncheon for the floor 
and clapboards for the roof, and in the month of 
December the family moved into that rude habita- 
tion. Deer, antelopes and other wild animals were 
plentiful, and roamed at will over the broad prai- 
ries. Mr. Gardiner entered his land from the Gov- 
ernment, and resided on it till 1857, when he dis- 
posed of it at a good price, and came to that part 
of Calhoun County now included in Jackson 
County, and settled in wliat is now Garfield Town- 
ship. He made a claim to a tract of Government 
land, which he entered in the land office at Ozaw- 
kie. He built a log house to shelter his family, 
and immediately entered upon the laborious task 
of improving a farm. He lived there until his house 
was burned, and then removed back to Jefferson 
County, where he lived retired in the home of iiis 
son, William R., until he passed away from the 
scenes of earth. He was a man of exceeding prob- 
ity of character, intelligent and well informed, 
and of a truly religious nature and both he 
and his wife were worthy members of the 
Christian Church. Her maiden name was Sarah 
Tremble, Kentucky the place of her birth, and iier 
death occurred in Jefferson Count}', this State. She 
and her husband were the parents of thirteen chil- 
dren, eleven of whom were reared to maturity. 

Jose|)h B. was the next to the youngest child of 
the family, and he was but ten years old when he ac- 
companied Ills father and mother to this State. He 
attended the pioneer schools of Jackson and Jeffer- 
son counties, that were held in rudely constructed 
log houses, and provided with home-made furniture, 
the seats being made of punclieon, witli wooden 
p^'gs for legs, and wooden pegs were driven into 

the wall to support a board which served as a desk 
for the pupils to write upon. In the fall of 1860 
he started for the Rocky Mountains, making the 
journey across the desolate plains intervening with 
teams, and the party encountered numerous large 
herds of buffaloes on the way. Mr. Gardiner re- 
turned in the same fall, and in the spring of 1861 
repeated the trip, and was engaged in mining near 
Central City till 1862. In .September, of that 
year, when scarcely more than a lad, though manly 
and experienced beyond his years, he enlisted to 
take part in the great war that was then raging 
and threatened to destroy' the Union. He be- 
came a member of Company E, 2d Colorado In- 
fantry, and served in Colorado till the spring of 
1863, and was then ordered with his regiment to 
Arkansas and Texas. In 1864 the regiment was 
mounted, and his company was called Company C, 
and was engaged tliereafter in Arkansas, Texas and 
Missouri, fighting guerillas and bushwhackers. Tliey 
took an active part in tlie battles which drove the 
rebel general. Price, with his command from Kan- 
sas and Western Missouri, and had several livel}' 
engagements with Quantrel's troops, and were pres- 
ent when Marmaduke was captured. Mr. Gardiner 
remained with his regiment till after the close of 
the war, and was honorably discharged at Ft. Ri- 
ley, in June, 1865. He returned to Jefferson 
County, and farmed, and in winter devoted his 
time to his studies and attended school. In 1867 
he commenced to learn the trade of a blacksmith, 
and worked at it there till 1870, and then we hear 
of him in Nodaway County, Mo., where he carried 
on blacksmithing till 1875, when he established 
himself in the hardware business in Graham, con- 
tinuing there until 1877. His next removal, after 
selling out his stock there, was to Beloit, Mitchell 
County, then a small place, with no railways near. 
He there plied his trade two years, and at the end 
of that time went into the grocery business, con- 
tinuing there till 1881. He then returned to Kan- 
sas, and with Mr. C. A. Walker bought an interest 
in a hardware store in Holton, which they carried 
on till 1883, then sold, as our subject was obliged 
to retire from active business fora while on account 
of ill-health. In 1884 he went to Kansas City to 
engage in the wholesale commission business, which 



he conducted till 1885, and in that year once more 
established himself in business in Ilolton, forming 
a partnership with John Kaul, and opening a gro- 
cery store, which they have successfully managed 
ever since, making money and building up a first- 
class trade. 

One of the most important events in the life of 
our subject was his marriage, Jan. 1, 1869, to Miss 
Mary Tabler, a native of Illinois. Like all true 
wives she makes her husband's interest her own, 
and strives in every way to further them, and their 
neat, cozy home with its comfortable appointments, 
is the abode of a genuine, heartfelt hospitality, as 
all who cross its threshold are made to feel. ^Ir. 
Gardiner early sliowed that he had in him the ele- 
ments of a good citizen, by his patriotic course in 
shouldering arms for the defense of his country 
during the late war, and in all the relations of life 
he has b(.)rne himself as becomes a man, honor and 
integrity being his guiding principles. He is a 
member of Holton Lodge, No. 46, A. F. & A. M., 
and the G. A. R. He is numbeied among the 
active members of the Christian Church, of which 
he has been an Elder, and is a worker in the Sun- 

^■fp^ DWARD T. FROWE. This gentleman, who 
|W| makes a spccialtj- of sheep-raising, is oper- 
! }^ — ^ ating a fine farm in Lonisville Tow-nship, 
Pottawatomie County, which he is renting from the 
Hon. J. W. Arnold. Though a renter his circum- 
stances arc by no means poor, as he owns valuable 
property elsewhere. Since coming to Kansas over 
a decade ago, he has been interested in the fleece- 
flocks, and has found the business very profitable. 
He handles Merinoes, and now owns 300 individ- 
ually, beside having an interest in the wool pro- 
duced by others. 

John Frowe, a native of England, who came to 
America in 1829, was the father of our subject. 
His first settlement in the United States was at Ge- 
neva, N. Y., where he carried on his trade, that of 
a carpenter and joiner, later engaging in farm pur- 
suits, and living in Illinois from 1849 till the date 
of his death in 1877. His wife, and the mother of 

our subject, was Mary A. Wood, who was also 
born in the mother country, and who died in 1874. 
Their family, of which our subject was the young- 
est member, comprised nine children. 

Edward T. Frowe was born at Seneca Falls, 
N. Y., Feb. 22, 1844, and was therefore five years 
of age when the family removed to Illinois. There 
he acquired a fundamental education in the com- 
mon schools, and became a student in the Rockfonl 
High School. The breaking out of th.' Civil Mar 
interrupted the studies of man\- an enthusiastic 
and loyal-hearted youth throughout the Northern 
States, and often parental induence was insuflicient 
to detain the young patriots, various schemes being 
resorted to by them to compass their enrollment 
among the defenders of ihe Union. No more loyal 
spirit was to be found in the State of Illinois than 
that of our subject, who could not long resist the 
call to arms, and who. the da}- following his eight- 
eenth birthdaj'. was enrolled as a member of Com- 
pany B, 18th Wisconsin Infantry, his enlistment 
taking place at Jlilwaukee. 

Our young recruit was sent to Pittsburg Land- 
ing, and during the trving years which followed 
participated in many heavy engagements and hard 
marches. The first battle in which he was engaged 
was on the famous field of Shiloh,and he afterward 
participated in the siege of Corinth and the battle 
there, and all the campaigning which his regiment 
did. He was present at the battle of Jackson, 
Miss., May 14, 1863; at Champion Hill two days 
later, and throughout the siege of Vicksburg, which 
ended by the ca|)itulation of that city, July 4, 
1863. He suffered much from sickness contracted 
in the field, and Has forced to remain in the hos- 
pital at Jlemphis for some time, rejoining his regi- 
ment at Iluntsville, Ala., in January, 1864, and 
again taking up the duties of active campaign life. 
Mr. Frowe was in the engagement at Altoona. Ga., 
Oct. o, 1864, and accomi)anicd Sherman's armj' 
throughout its grand march through that State to 
.Savannah, and to Columbia, S. C, being among 
the first of the troops to enter the latter city. Go- 
ing on to Fayetteville, N. C, and his term of ser- 
vice expiring, he was ordered to Wilmington, and 
there discharged, and after being paid off at For- 
tress Monroe, returned to his home in Illinois. The 



enthusiasm with which he hart entered the service 
had resulted in a faithful and gallant discharge of 
every duty which devolved upon him as a soldier, 
and though "only in the ranks," his record is one 
of which any man might well be proud. 

After returning to his home Mr. Frowe again 
took up his studies for a time, following which he 
worked on his fatlier's farm for two years. During 
the succeeding five years he rented the home estate 
and cropped it himself, after which he bought half 
of tlie place and remained upon it one year longer. 
In March, 1877. he came to Kansas, and spent ten 
months at Wamego. after which he removed to 
Shawnee County, and for three years rented and 
operated the farm owned by T. D. Mills. In July, 
1881, he bought land six miles north of Alma, in 
Wabaunsee County, where he lived about seven 
j-ears, and where he now owns eight}- acres, and his 
wife 160 acres, all improved. In September, 1888, 
Mr. Frowe took charge of tiie farm of the Hon. 
.1. "\V. Arnold, of Louisville, and on this estate, one 
and a half miles from town, he now lives. Though 
the most of the years of Mr. Frowe's life have been 
spent in agricultural pursuits, that is not the only 
occupation in which he is capable of engaging, nor 
the onlj' one in which he has been successful. Dur- 
ing two J-ears of his residence in Illinois lie was en- 
gaged in teaching in the public schools. 

Mrs. Frowe bore the maiden name of Caroline 
Farley, and the rites of ^wedlock were celebrated 
betweeu herself and her husband on the day be- 
fore Christmas, in tlie year 1868. Her parents, 
James and Ellen (Taylor) Farley, were natives of 
Virginia and of England respectively, and were 
married in Ohio, in 1827. The mother died in 
1879: the father is still living at the ripe age of 
eighty-tive years. He was a miller, a brick manu- 
facturer, and during a part of his life was engaged 
in mercantile pursuits, the later years of his active 
life being spent as a farmer. Mrs. Frowe is the 
youngest in a familj' of thirteen children, and was 
born ill Washington County, Oliio, Feb. 18, 1849. 
She received a good common-school education, and 
excellent training at the hands of her worth}' par- 

Mr. and Mrs. Frowe are tlie parents of four chil- 
dren, three now living: Eugene L., who was born 

Feb. 28, 1872, is attending Washburn College at 
Topeka. Arthur L. was born Jan. 2, 1874; and 
Edward M., Sept. 29, 1876. They are attending 
the Louisville School, and will receive other ad- 
vantages hereafter. 

Mr. Edward T. Frowe has been a member of the 
School Board in both Shawnee and Wabaunsee 
counties. He is much interested in the political 
issues of the day, and votes the Republican ticket. 
He is a firm temperance man, and a strong advo- 
cate of the same virtue in others. He belongs to 
tiie O. P. Morton Post, No. 37, G. A. R., of Wa- 
mego. Both Mr. and Mrs. Frowe are church mem- 
bers, he belonging to the Baptist Church, and she 
to tiie Christian, and both are and have been active 
workers, especially in the Sundaj'-school. Mr. 
Frowe was Clerk of the Auburn Church, in Sliawnee 
County. While in Illinois he served as Superin- 
tendent of a Sunday-school for eight years. In 
Shawnee County he held a similar position for 
two 3'ears, and here he has been Superintendent of 
two schools at the same time. The history of his 
life, and the position which he has filled and does 
fill, are suflScient indication of his character and 
attainments, and it is needless to say that he is held 
in high repute by his fellow-citizens, and that his 
wife shares in their good will and kind regard. 

ILLIAM W. ALLEN. In contemplating 
the lives of men, the success of some and 


VtxP the failure of others often arouses a momen- 
tai'y wonder. It is well, especially for the young, 
to pause occasional!}- and inquire the reason of 
this difference, and investigate those peculiar char- 
acteristics which insure prosperity to the fortunate 
individuals possessing them. The life of Mr. 
Allen, although \'et in its early prime, is an inter- 
esting stud}- for all, and is by no means to be over- 
looked among the biographies of the men of 
prominence in Pottawatomie County. He is Cash- 
ier of the Bank of Olsburg, also a member of the 
firm of W. A. Allen & Son. He is on a solid basis, 
financially, and is doing considerable business in 
real-estate. He and his brother are the owners of 
landed property to a large extent, and are of an 



eminently business turn of mind, which goes far 
toward accounting for their success. 

Of Irish-Canadian descent, the father of our sub- 
ject, William A. Allen, was born in the Province 
of Ontario, Canada, in 1838, while the paternal 
grandfather, Howard M. Allen, was a native of 
Ireland, and learned the trade of a blacksmith. He 
worked at his trade after coming to the United 
States, but later removed to Canada. For some 
time this continued to be liis home, then he pur- 
chased a farm in the vicinity of Adrian, Len- 
awee Co., Mich., clearing it and iu \arious ways 
effecting its improvement dining his lifetime. 
There he passed to rest. Tlie great-grandfather of 
our subject was John Moore, a farmer and mill- 
owner in the Emerald Isle; .after residing for a few 
years in New York, he started b.ack to his old home 
to collect rents, but was drowned on the way. 

The youth of W. A. Allen was passed princi- 
pally' on his father's farm in Lenawee County, 
Mich., whitlier he had accompanied his parents 
from Canada. After attaining to 3-ears of matu- 
■ rity he resolved to locate in the West, and there- 
fore, in the fall of 1856, made the journey to Kan- 
sas overland. He did not, however, come direct 
to Kansas, but stopped on the Jlissouri River, 
where he was emploj'ed during tlie winter season 
in chopping wood and in various other pursuits, 
whereby an honest penny could be obtained. Tlie 
following spring he located in .Tackson County, 
this State, near Elk City, taking a claim of 160 
acres, and proving it up by means of land-war- 
rants. This he continued to operate until 1860, 
when he returned to Michigan, remaining there 
during the ensuing winter. 

In the summer of 1861 the need of the nation for 
brave and courageous defenders of her honor, 
called forth all Mr. Allen's patriotism, and he ac- 
cordingly enlisted in the 6tli ^Michigan Battery, 
with which he served until the close of the conflict. 
He came to Kansas in the spring of 1866, locating 
on his present farm, and has since that time met 
with almost unvaried success. He now owns 240 
acres of land adjoining Ilolton, and is interested in 
the banking business both in Olsburg and Holton. 
Upon his election to the position of CountyTroasurer 
in 1874, he removed to Holton, and for four jears 

discharged the duties imposed upon hini to the 
general satisfaction. In 1888 he established the 
Exchange Bank, which is a [)rivate bank under 
the control of Newman ct Allen, and the latter 
is cashier. He is also on the Board of Directors of 
Campbell Normal University at Holton, and was 
active in its erection in 1881. Politically, he is a 
strong Republican, and, religiously, is an active 
member of the Methodist p]piscopal Church. He 
married, in 1858, Miss Maty E. Patton, a native of 
Virginia and born in 1838. Of their lifteen chil- 
dren eleven grew to j-ears of maturit}-, namely: 
Emma, Mrs. Keller, of Junction City; E. M., 
banker and partner of our sul)jeet; Augusta J., 
Mrs. Spangler of Westmoreland; William AV., our 
sul)ject; Maiy C., at home; John Ralph, a drug- 
gist at Westmoreland; George H„ in tlie Bank of 
Olsburg; Ida, Otto, Nellie and Jessie, at home. 

Our subject was a mere child when he accompa- 
nied his parents to Kansas in 1860, having been 
born in Blissfield, Lenawee Co., Mich., Nov. 23, 
1862. He was reared on the home farm, and 
divided his time between labor on the homestead 
and study in the schools. After being graduated 
from Holton High School he became a student dur- 
ing the first j'ear of school at Campbell Normal 
University, iu 1882, and finished tlie business 
course there. In the fall of 1883 he came to Ols- 
burg and started the Bank of Olsburg, which was 
a private bank, managed b3' himself and brother, 
E. M., together with his father. They erected the 
bank building, and started in the lianking, insur- 
ance, real-estate and brokerage business, in which 
success has crowned their efforts. The b.ank is now 
firmly established and does a good business. Our 
subject owns one-fourth of a block in Olsburg, on 
which in 1888 he built a handsome, commodious 
residence, which is universally conceded to be the 
finest as well as the most elegantly furnished house 
in western Pottawatomie Countv. 

The wedding of our subject was celebrated on 
the 22d of November, 1883, when Miss Susie 
Drake became his wife. She was born in Jackson 
County, Kan., Nov. 23, 1865, and is the daughter 
of George W. Drake, an old settler of Kansas, and 
one of the most prominent and influential men of 
Jackson County. He is said to be the wealthiest 



mail in that county, and is certainly one of the 
largest landholders and richest men in the Sunflower 
State. Mrs. Allen received a good education, and 
is refined, accomplished, and amiable, being wel- 
comed into the best society of the community. 

\Ti OHN D. HARMS, Treasurer of Spring Creek 
Township, Pottawatomie County, is one of 
the honored pioneers of this section and 
well-to-do, owning 412 acres of good land, 
having his residence on section 34. Self-made in 
the strictest sense of the terra, he has made his wa3' 
up from a modest beginning to unenviable position 
among his fellow men. He been a Director in 
his school district for the past eight years and is 
one of the pillars of the Congregational Church at 
Bluff Creek, in which he has officiated as Deacon 
and Superintendent of the Sunday-school and con- 
tributed to its best interests a liberal support. A 
man of decided views and more than ordinary in- 
telligence, he is looked up to in his community and 
has exercised no unimportant influence in further- 
ing its best interests. 

A native of the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg, 
Germany, Mr. Harms was born Aug. 28, 1836, and 
was there reared to manhood on a farm, receiving 
excellent school advantages. When a lad of thir- 
teen years he, in 1849, went to sea as a cabin boy 
and worked his way up to the position of Master. 
He has circumnavigated the Globe, rounding the 
Cape of Good Hope twice and Cape Horn once ; 
sailed to every country except Australia and Japan, 
and in 1854 was in Russia at the time of the 
Crimean War. He followed the sea ten years, be- 
coming an able and experienced sailor and sailing 
in German, Holland and American vessels. On 
his last trip he landed at Savannah, Ga., in 1859, 
and then determined to quit the sea, and engaged 
as clerk in a grocery store until the outbrealc of 
the Rebellion. Being then in the midst of the 
great excitement whicii ensued he resolved to get 
a\va3r on board a vessel, but did not succeed. The 
following summer he was drafted and forced into 
the Rebel service, being assigned to Company F, 
1st Georgia Infantry. He was mustered in at 

Savannah and kept there and at Ft. Pulaski, on 
guard duty until the bombardment of the fort when 
he was taken prisoner Nov. 12, 1862. He was then 
sent north to Governor's Island and kept until 
Jul}' 6, following, being well treated, and sent 
thence to Ft. Delaware, where he suffered many 
hardships and privations together with ill treat- 

In August, 1862, Mr. Harms, with others, was 
exclianged and after a furlough of sixty days re- 
joined his regiment and was present at the bom- 
bardment of Ft. Sumter and Battery Wagner. 
Later he was sent to Atlanta and in May, 1864, 
was stationed at Lost Mountain, [serving as Second 
Sergeant. On .June 15, he was again captured by 
Gen. Schofield's command and sent to Rock Island, 
III., where he remained until October following. 
When the President issued a call for volunteer 
troops from Rock Island prison to flgiit the Indians 
on the plains, Mr. Harms on the 6th of that month 
enlisted in Company F, 2d LTnited States Infantry, 
and was mustered in at Rock Island. In the spring 
he was sent with his comrades to Ft. Leaven w(jrth 
and thence to Ft. Dodge, March 1, 1865. He 
assisted in erecting the fort at that place and per- 
formed guard dut}- for the stages and trains. On 
the 6th of October the troops were ordered back to 
Leavenworth to be mustered out. When about 
half way there the oiderwas countermanded and 
tiiey were sent to Cow Creek Station where they 
remained about three weeks. Here Mr. Harms 
Sought recreation in buffalo hunting, laying low 
thirteen monarchs of the plains with his rifle. The 
regiment was finally mustered out at Leavenworth, 
in 1865, and Mr. Harms received his honoraljle 

Proceeding now to Manhattan, Kan., Mr. Harms 
engaged as a farm laborer in the vicinity of the 
town until the fall of 1868. He then changed his 
residence to Spring Creek Townsliip, Pottawatomie 
County, where he worked on the farm until the 
spring of 1 870. Then having saved what he could 
of his earnings, he purchased the improvements on 
a claim and homesteaded a part of the land which 
he now owns and occupies on section 34. The 
country was then wild and new with a cabin here 
and there, and, like his neighbors. Mr. Harms began 



at the foot of the ladder, taking up his abode in a 
log house aud proceeding with the cultivation and 
improvement of his property. A coui'se of plodding 
industry boie its legitimate fruits and he added 
gradually to his possessions, also branching, out 
into stock-raising. The whole 112 acres is all 
enclosed and the farm is embellished with fine 
modern liuildings. The land is well watered by 
Buckswart Creek, along whicli is a fine growth of 
timber. Mr. Harms has a good orchard and other 
fruit trees and makes a specialty of grain and stock- 
raising, also carrying on dairj'ing to a considerable 
extent. The liomestead is located about five miles 
from Fostoria. 

Nearly twent3'-three years ago Mr. Harms was 
married at Manhattan, on the evening of Dec. 25, 
186G, to Miss Caroline Bush. This lady was born 
in the Kingdom of Hanover, Germany, and emi- 
grated to America in 1861, settling in Savannah, 
Ga. She remained in the South until the close of 
the war and had the honor of waiting upon Gen. 
Sherman, when he was stationed with his troops in 
the cit}'. Of this union there has been born one 
child, a son, Charles D , Dec. 2, 1867. He is a 
bright and promising young man and has been 
given a good education, attending Campbell Uni- 
versity at Holton, during the winter of 1884-5. 

The father of our subject was Henry Harms, a 
native of Germany, and engaged in agricultural 
pursuits. He married a maiden of his own Prov- 
ince, Miss Alargrctta Tyler, and there were born to 
them six children, viz: Ilenrj^ who is deceased; 
John D., our subject; Minnie, .Johanna, Mata and 
Gretta. John is the only one emigrating to America, 
the others remaining in their native land. 

LEX RYBERG, Postmaster of Olsburg, 
(J^TLll! Pottawatomie County, and dealer in har- 
(/ 111 ness and saddlery, is one of the most popu- 
lar men in his community, more tlian ordi- 
narilj' well educated and intelligent and who by his 
sterling traits of character has established himself 
in the esteem and confidence of all who know him. 
He was born on the other side of the Atlantic in 
Engleholra, Sksiane. Sweden, .Tulyl7, 18,t4. and 

was reared in his native town, receiving good 
school advant.iges. 

When a lad of fifteen years young Ryberg com- 
menced his apprenticeship at the harness trade in 
his native town, at which he served three years, ac- 
quiring a practical knowledge of the business. He 
worked at his trade in different parts of Sweden 
until the spring of 1882, and then resolved upon 
emigrating to America. He repaired to Copen- 
hagen, Denmark, and in April embarkerl on a 
steamer at Liverpool which landed him safely in 
New York City. Thence he proceeded to the town 
of Wilcox, Pa., and worked in a tanner}' until 
July. He then secured employment at his trade, 
and for about two 5'ears thereafter was in the em- 
ploy of one firm. At the expiration of this time 
repairing to Smithport, he operated a shop for him- 
self one year and until the spring of 1885. 

We next find Mr. Ryberg in New York City, but 
not securing a desirable situation he only remained 
there one month, setting out then for the far West. 
He reached Olsburg, Kan., in Jlay, 1885, and es- 
tablished himself in the harness business which he 
has since prosecuted. He has acquired a good 
knowledge of the English language by his own 
efforts and is well informed upon the general topics 
of the (Lay. He purchases hides and from these 
manufactures the articles in harness and saddlery 
which command a ready sale. He owns his store 
building and residence. In August, 1888. he re- 
ceived his appointment as Postmaster, and in the 
discharge of his duties is acquitting himself with 

Ml-. Ryberg was married in Olsburg, Oct. 1, 
1885, to Miss Annette Haff, who was bom in Viken, 
Skaane, Sweden, Nov. 9, 1858, and came to Amer- 
ica with her parents in 1871. Of this union there 
have lieen born three children, the eldest of whom, 
a daughter, Anna, died when nine months old. The 
others are Amanda O. and Agnes O. Mr. Ryberg 
is an active member of the Swedish 
Church, in which lie served as a Deacon and is 
one of the chief pillars. Politically, he is a sound 

Mrs. Ryberg was the daughter of Andrew Haff, 
a native of Sweden and a and builder. 
He emigrated to America in 1871, locating in Wil- 



son CounU', Kan., and luirchasing ICU acres of 
land, upon wliich he operated for a time, then sell- 
ing out removed to Neosha Count}-. In 1S82 he 
came to Pottawatomie County and purchased a 
tract of land adjoining Olsburg where he effected 
good improvements and also operated as a carpen- 
ter. His death took place in February, 1889. He 
was a local preacher of the .Swedish Lutheran 
Church. The maiden name of the mother was 
Oliva Anderson; she likewise was a native of 
Skaane, Sweden, and died in Kansas in September, 
187L The father of our subject was Charles Peter 
Ryberg, likevvisc a native of Sweden, a woodturner 
by trade and a prominent member of the Swedish 
Lutheran Church. The mother, Mrs. Anna Sophia 
Rybei'g, was born in Engleholra, Sweden, and still 
lives at the old homestead and is now sixt3--five 
years old. The parental familj' consisted of four 
children of whom Alex, our subject, was the eldest. 
Marj' and Amanda died at the ages of twelve and 
eighteen j-ears respectivel}'. Charles P. is a resident 
of Pennsylvania. 


A A 

A A 




no HOMEWOOD. Among the many 
itelligent and progressive farmers in Pot- 
l^ii^ tawatomie County, none stand higher, in 
the esteem of their neighbors than does 
he who is the subject of this sketch, and whose 
home is on section 25, Louisville Township. Al- 
though the farm which he operates has not so large 
an acreage as many in the county, it is thoroughly 
tilled, well stocked with horses, cattle and hogs, 
and furnished with all modern improvements which 
will enhance the comfort of those who occupy it, 
and add to the value of the estate. 

Our subject is a son of Thomas and Mavy 
(Munn) Ilomewood, both of whom were born in 
Kent, England, and were tiiere united in marriage. 
About the 3'ear 1830, they came to America, but 
after a residence of three years at Rochester, N. Y., 
returned to the mother couutr^^ where tliej"^ re- 
mained. The deatii of the mother took place in 
1881. The father has now reached the ripe age of 
eighty-seven years, and is still active and capable 

of attending to bis own business, that of managing 
a farm upon which he has long lived. The pa- 
rental familj- consisted of thirteen children, eight 
of wliom still survive. 

David Ilomewood, of whom we write, was the 
seventh child in the parental family, and was born 
in Kent, England, in January, 1S34, and received 
a fair education in his native land, whence at the 
age of twenty-one }'ears, he came to America. Af- 
ter landing on this side of the ocean, he went at 
once to Winnebago County, 111., where he spent a 
3'ear in tilling the soil, and then learned the trade 
of a carpenter, at which he worked for ten years. 
During the 3-ears 1862-63, while hostilities were 
going on between the North and South, he spent 
seven months laboring at his trade in Memphis, 
Tenn. He then returned to the Prairie .State, 
where he continued to make his home until 1882, 
at which period he came to this State and bought 
a farm, which is now occupied b}' C. D. Rinehart. 
About three 3-ears later he removed to his present 
location, where he has ninetv' ,acres of valuable 

At the home of the bride's father, M. M. Van- 
dercook, in Rockford, 111., Nov. 29, 1866, Mr. 
Ilomewood was united in marriage with Miss Kate 
Vandercook. The father of the bride died in 1873, 
and her mother is now living in Chicago, and is an 
active and well-preserved lad3% eight3'-three years 
of age. The parental famil}' was a large one, com- 
prising ten children, six of whom are now living. 
Mrs. Homewood was the ninth in order of birth in 
the family, and her natal day was Aug. 21, 1844. 
She is a fine!}- educated and refined lad}', and for 
three 3'ears prior to her marriage, had been engaged 
in teaching, being highly successful in that pro- 
fession. She has borne her husband four children: 
Edgar B. was born Dec. 28, 1867; Esto, July 4. 
1876, and died Feb. 5, 1879; Ethel May, was born 
June 7, 1879; and Fannie Elizabeth, Dec. 20, 1884. 
The children are well educated, and are being given 
every opportunity and facility to attain to useful 
manhood and womanhood. 

Mr. and Mrs. Ilomewood belong to the Cliris- 
tian Church, and Mr. Homewood has been Deacon 
of that organization. He was formerly active in 
the Sunda3'-school dep.artment, but is now with- 



drawing somewhat from the work, leaving younger 
members of the congregation to acquire practical 
training therein. He is the Director of School Dis- 
trict No. 32, and an efficient school officer. He 
takes a deep interest in the political issues of the 
d.ay, and votes the Republican ticket. He not only 
possesses a fine character and an intelligent mind, 
but has the pleasant, affable manners, which make 
his society desirable, and as before stated, is hold 
in high repute b3- his fellow-citizens, in whose re- 
gard his wife has an abundant share. 

-S^fe^- • 

'\rr(s^, tilled farm of 220 acres in Franklin Town- 
/I5, ship, Jackson County, is the home of this 

gentleman, who, descended from an excellent Prus- 
sian family, has for a quarter of a eeuturj- been- an 
honored citizen of the United States. His fine 
estate is located on section 9, and the improvements 
which have been made upon it show that the owner 
is desirous of ranking with the best of the farmers 
in the neighborhood in the careful housing of stock 
and crops, and in the comforts of his dwelling. 

Mr. Boettcher was born in Prussia, June 12, 
1824. and is the son of a farmer and cabinet- 
maker. He passed his early life on the farm, and 
also learned the trade which his father understood. 
He remained in his native land until the spring 
of 18.54. spending the most of his mature j'ears in 
the work of agriculture. At the date mentioned 
he turned his face toward the setting sun and 
crossed the Atlantic, landing at New York City in 
the montli of May. and made his first home in the 
New World near Lockport, Niagara Co., N., Y., 
carrying on farming for three years in companj' 
with a brother. He then returned to the Father- 
land and sjient a few months in visiting homo and 

On his return to the United States ."Mr. lioettcher 
stopped in New York for a sliort time, thence go- 
ing to Wisconsin, thence to Leavenworth, Kan., 
and a few weeks later to this county, settling in 
Franklin Township. In 1861 he removed to Leav- 
worth County, but three years later returned to this 
township, wiiere he has since continued to reside, 

and where he has successful!}' carried on the work 
of farming, which has been his sole enployment 
since coming to America. 

At her home in this township, Jan. 5, 1865, Miss 
Margaret Stork became the wife of our subject. 
Mrs. Boettcher was born in Germany, Jul}' 1, 1841, 
and was but four months old when her parents 
came to America. She is a well-informed lady, with 
the kind heart and housewifely qualities which 
make a pleasant home, and husband and children 
•'arise up and call her blessed." She is a sister of Mrs. 
Judge Cowell, of this township. She has borne her 
husband five children — Henry R., Mary E.. Clara 
L., Katie and John. Katie died in infancy. 

Mr. Boettcher is a Democrat in politics. He is a 
public-spirited citizen, showing an intelligent in- 
terest in the affairs of the country, and especially 
of this section, and is looked upon with respect by 
all who know him, and especially by his brethren 
of the Fatherland, his long citizenship in the United 
States giving his opinion great weight with them. 
Both he and his wife are members of the Presby- 
terian Church. 


UGH LEONARD. For the past nine years 
Mr. Leonard has been a resident of Belvue 
_^ Township and has become widely and fa- 
,^P vorably known to a majority of its people. 
He presents the picture of a self-made man who 
began the battle of life for himself without other 
means than his own resources, and who, by a course 
of steady perseverance and industry, has made for 
himself an enviable position, socially and financially. 
He owns 320 acres of good land located on sec- 
tions 5, 31 and 32, the residence being on the first 
mentioned and in addition to general farming, is 
quite extensively engaged in stock-raising. He 
keeps from seventy-five to 100 head of cattle, to- 
gether with a goodly number of farm horses and 
swine. He is a prominent man in his community 
and has justly been elected a County Commissioner 
for the second term. In religious matters, he is a 
devout Catholic. 

A gentleman in the prime of life Mr. Leonard 
was born Aug. 15, 1840, first opening his eyes to 
the light in County Fermanagh, the North of 



Irelancl. llis falUer, Patrick Leonard, a native of 
tlie same looality, was born in 1811 and spent his 
entire life upon his native soil, dying; at the age of 
seventh-four ye-irs- He was a life long farmer by 
oeeupalion, and from his youth up was a member 
of the Roman Catliolic Ciiurch. The paternal 
grandfather, James Leonard, who was also born in 
the North of Ireland, died there when about ninety 
years of age. He likewise followed the peaceful 
pursuits of agriculture. 

Mrs. Ann (Fee) Leonard was born in County 
Cavan, Ireland, and after the decease of her hus- 
band emigrated to America. She is now living 
with her son, our subject, and is sixty-eight years 
old. Her father, Owen Fee, likewise a native of 
County Cavan, crossed the Atlantic in 1847 and 
settled in Canada where he now lives .and is oc- 
cupied in farming. He likewise belongs to the 
Catholic Church. To Patrick and Ann Leonard 
there was born a family of fourteen children of 
whom Hugh, Bridget, INL-irgaret, Ann, Frank, James 
and Katherine are now living. Bridget and 
Margaret weie the first of the family to come to 
America. Both are married and living in New York 

Mr. Leonard spent his earl}' years in his native 
county, being reared on a farm and acquiring his 
education in the common school. In the spring of 
1861, when a young man twenty-one years old. he 
came to the I'nited States, locating in Madison 
County, N. Y. In 1865 he turned his steps West- 
ward, coming to Jefferson County, this State, and 
sojourning there until the following year. He then 
entered the employ of the Union Pacific Railroad 
Company, and was thus occupied until the 13th of 
May, 1868. Then he engaged on the St. Joseph & St. 
Louis Railroad. In the spring of 1870 he returned 
to Jefferson County and sojourned there until 1880, 
taking up his residence then in Pottawatomie 
County. He was soon recognized as a valued ad- 
dition to the community and has been uniformlj" 
prosperous in his farming and business transactions. 
Politically, he votes the straight Democratic ticket. 

On the 7th of February, 1870, Mr. Leonard was 
joined in wedlock with Miss Catherine A. Fitz- 
patrick. Mrs. Leonard was born in Louisville, 
Ky., in 1852, and is the daughter of Patrick and 

Johanna (Buckley) Fitzpatrick, who were natives 
of Ireland. The Fitzpalricks were among the 
very first settlers of Jefferson County. The father 
took up a tract of land and labored very success- 
fully as a tiller of the soil, being now well-to-do 
and a man of considerable prominence in the 
county. He has held various offices, and with his 
estimable wife, is a member in good standing of 
the Catholio Church. To Mr. and Mrs. Leonard 
there have been born three children. Thomas, Annie 
and Katie. The latter died at the age of three 
years and one mcmth. Mr. Leonard has one of the 
most valuable homesteads in his township and 
exercises no small influence among his fellow-citi- 
zens. A stirring, enterprising man he has con- 
tributed his full quota to the growth and develop- 
ment of his adopted township. 

HARLES J. FALIN has been for almost 
thirty j'ears a resident of Kansas, and occu- 
^?' pies a front rank among the citizens of 
Pottawatomie Count}', as a farmer of substantial 
circumstances and of progressive ideas. He is one 
of the oldest settlers in Blue Valley Township, and 
a genial, whole-souled gentleman, who takes an 
active and intelligent interest in educational and 
other matters which pertain to the good of the 
community. He is a stanch Republican, but does 
not aspire to office, being content wilh that which 
"his hand finds to do" in his own private affairs and 
matters relating thereto. His fine estate comprises 
about 500 acres bordering on the Blue, and he is 
engaged in the raising of grain and stock. 

Mr. Falin is of an honored Swedish family, his 
father, Magnus, having owned a farm and been en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits in Sweden until his 
death in February, 1874. His mother was Anna 
M. Nelson, who died the same year as her husband, 
and both were members of the Lutheran Church. 
The grandfather of our subject was also named 
Magnus, and was a soldier in the Swedish array for 
thirty years. He served in the Finland War three 
years, and in tlie French War five 3-ears. During 
the last named he was taken prisf)ner at Lubeck, 
German}', taken to France, and held in captivity 



for a long time. Upon leaving the army, lie en- 
gaged in farming. The family of wiiicli our sub- 
ject is a member, was composed of eleven children, 
seven living to years of maturity: Christine, Erick, 
Alfred, and Anna died in infancy, and Louisa and 
(iustav, in later years; Magnus and August are now 
living in Sweden; Malker in this township; and 
Charlotte, now Mrs. Linbloom, also in this town- 

The subject of this sketch is the oldest of the 
brothers and sisters who reached mature years, and 
was born in Hagerstad, Linkopingslan, Sweden, 
June 24, 1828. He was reared to the pursuit which 
his father followed, and had no advantages of pub- 
lic schools, the period of his early life being before 
their institution. He was engaged in agricultural 
pursuits in his native land until 18.56, when he de- 
termined to try his fortunes in America, being led 
to believe that here he would find a broader field 
for his energies, and a brighter prosjiect for finan- 
cial success. In July, therefore, he took passage 
on the sailer "Evangeline," and after an ocean voy- 
age of seven weeks, landed in Boston, whence he 
went directly to Illinois, and worked on a farm near 
Galesburg, until the spring of 18G0. 

Mr. Falin then came by boat to Kansas City, 
thence on foot to this township, and with a land 
warrant purchased 226 acres on section 14, upon 
which he constructed a log house, and tljus began 
its improvement. He worked out b}' the month to 
secure raonej' with which to buy oxen, so as to 
break his land, and in the wilds of Kansas, by in- 
dustry make for himself a good home. He has 
been very successful in his efforts, and now owns 
the large acreage before mentioned, which bears all 
necessary improvements, well constructed, con- 
veniently located, and neatly kept. He is a mem- 
ber of the Blue Vallej' Stock Dealer's Association, 
and in everything connected with his occupation in 
life endeavors to keep abreast of the most practical 
ideas of the time. 

In this township, on Sept. 20, 1863, the rites of 
wedlock were celebrated between Mr. Falin and 
Miss Mary Sophia Josephson, who was born in the 
Province of Riimskulla, Linkoping. Their union 
w-as blessed by the birth of four sons and two 
daughters. Those living are: Mary Eleonora, and 

Albert Leonard; and those deceased are: Oscar 
Emil. Alexander, Emma Cclia, and a son unnamed. 
JNIrs. Sophia Falin contracted a fatal illness, and her 
death occurred Feb. 20, 1878. Mr. Falin entered 
into a second matrimonial .alliance" Jan. 24, 1880, 
the bride being Miss Cecelia Peterson, a native of 
Bornholm, Denmark. 

\ SAAC Y. WEDDLE, is a resident of Pottawa- 
tomie County, who, beginning life empty 
/li handed, has reached a degree of comfort and 
prosperity which speaks well of his energy, indnstr)' 
and prudence. His estate, which is located on sec- 
tion 1, Louisville Township, is carefully and in- 
telligently conducted and bears some notable im- 
provements. Chief among these is a barn which 
was erected in 1886, and uiider whose capacious roof 
1600 bushels of grain, thirtj'-two tons of hay, and 
twentj^ head of horses find .adequate shelter. A 
recently built corn-crib has a capacity of 2,500 
bushels. Mr. Weddle now has seventeen head of 
horses, two mules, and a porportionate number of 
cattle and hogs upon his quarter section, and every- 
thing about the estate indicates that the years 
which he has devoted to the pursuit of agriculture 
have not been spent in vain, and that his know- 
ledge of matters pertaining to that emploj'ment is 
varied and thorough. 

The subject of this brief sketch is a son of James 
R. and Elizabeth (Curr>) Weddle. the former a na- 
tive of Tennessee and the latter of Virginia. After 
the marriage, which took place in the former State, 
they settled in Jackson County, Ind., at period so 
early in the settlement of that section, that they 
were obliged to band with other pioneers for pro- 
tection against the Indians. The father died in 1859 
at the age of seventj-two, and the mother survived 
until 1871, when she too departed this life aged 
sevent3'-rive years. Of tiie nine children born to 
them, four onh' are now living. 

Isaac Weddle was the eighth in order of birth in 
the parental family, and was born in Jackson 
County, Ind., July 8, 1833. He grew to manhood 
in the place of his nativity, and improved such .ad- 
vantages as were afforded uy subscription schools 



at that period, obtaining but a limited education, 
which has been made the foundation for his present 
intelligence and fund of information, which native 
wit and powers of observation have given him. At 
the age of twenty-one years he began life for himself, 
adopting the occupation which he has since con- 
tinuouslj' followed, and remaining in the Hoosier 
.State until 1868, when he settled in this count}'. 
He removed to his present home in 1879, erecting 
a comfortable and substantial dwelling the same 
year, and maliing other improvements since, among 
them those above noted. 

Mrs. Weddle was born in the same county as her 
husband, her natal day being July .30, 183.5, and 
she being one of eleven children born to Edward 
and Nancy (Lynch) Hubbard. Her parents settled 
in Indiana in an early day, and her father was a 
prominent man in his county. During the Civil 
War he served in Company A, 50th Indiana In- 
fanlrj', and gave his life for his country's cause, dy- 
ing in 1865, from disease contracted by hardship 
and exposure. The date of the marriage of Mr. 
and Mrs. AVcddle was .June 26, 1854, and the happy 
bride bore the maiden name of Martlia Ann Hub- 
bard. The union has been blessed by the birth of 
seven children, and tliough five of them have left 
tiie home nest, all but one are living around 
the homestead, and the family circle is scarcely 
broken. John W., the first born, married Jennie 
Stratton, and has three children, his home being 
on the same section .as tliat of his parents. Mary 
is the wife of Ezra Nixon, and is the mother of 
four children, her home being in this township. 
James married Clara Taylor, and lives in Hot 
Springs. Ark., their family consisting of one child. 
Aaron married Louisa Melot; they have one child 
and live on section 2. Hettie Jane is the wife of 
John A. Walker; they have two children, and their 
residence is on the s:ime section as that of our sub- 
ject. The two remaining members of the family, 
Charles and Peter Oliver, are unmarried and at 

Mr. Weddle takes an active interest in politics 
and generally votes the Democratic ticket. He 
served as Constable of Louisville Townsnip for 
twii terms, has been Rond Overseer fur three years, 
and for seven 3'ears has tilled the office of Treas- 

urer of school district No. 42. He has proved his 
efficiency in the positions to which he has been 
called, and is regarded with high respect as a mem- 
ber of the community and an upright man. Mrs. 
Weddle is a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and is highl}' esteemed l)y hei- associates. 

^ AMES J. WELSH has lived in St. Mary's 
for a decade past, and for several years was 
engaged there in the hotel and liverj' busi- 
^_^ ness. He has a wide scope of business as an 
auctioneer and a veterinary surgeon, and has been 
engaged in both lines of business for more than a 
quarter of a centurj-. He is the principal auction- 
eer in this vicinity. His long life has been spent 
in activity, and he is now, at the age of sixty-two 
years, as energetic and capable as many men much 
younger than he. 

The natal day of Mr. AVelsh was July 2, 1827, 
and his birth took pL-^ce in Washington County, 
Pa., whence his parents removed to Muskingum 
County, Ohio, locating on a farm near Zanesville, 
about the year 1839. There our subject's school 
days were chiefly spent, .and there his ]iarents, 
Robert and Margaret (Cother) AVelsh, died. The 
father was born and reared in Westmoreland 
County. Pa., where his father, Robin Welsh, had 
removed in earlv life from his native place in the 
North of Ireland. The ancestois belonged to the 
Presbyterian Church, and in that faith the family 
was reared for generations. The mother of our 
subject born in Rising Sun Hotel, in Lancaster 
County. Pa., and reared and married in the house 
which had been used as a hotel for many ^ears, and 
kept bj' her father, and where he died. 

When about twenty years old, he of whom we 
write went to Marysville, Union Co., Ohio, mak- 
ing the trip on horseback, and there beginning 
work as a farm hand. This he continued until 
after his mnrriage in 1848, when his father-in-law 
"set him up" on a farm of 100 .acres of heavy tim- 
ber land. Mr. Welsh built a log cabin and began 
the work of clearing the mighty forest, which by 
degi'ees was accomplished, and the land improved 
until it became a fine and productive estate. With 



the exception of two j^ears spent in the hotel busi- 
ness at Marysville, Ohio, the farin was the family 
home luUil 1855, when Mr. 'Welsh removed to West 
Union, F"ayelte Co., Iowa, where for about eight- 
een months he owned and operated another farm. 
He then sold his land, and during- the following 
tliree years served as Deputy Sheriff, and at the 
expiration of that time was elected Sheriff, whicli 
office he filled during 1860-61. 

In the spring of 1862 Mr. Welsh engaged in the 
livery business, but in August gave up that occu- 
pation to take up arms in defense of his country. 
In nine days he organized a compan}' of men from 
his county and went into the army as Captain of 
Com pan}' A, 38th Iowa Infantry, serving in that 
capacity a year when he was obliged to resign on 
account of sickness and return to his former home. 
During his army experience he was under constant 
fighting forty-two days during tiie Vicksl)urg cam- 
paign, when Grant determined to "(iglit it out on 
this line if it took all summer," and where .32,000 
prisoners were delivered into his hands by the sur- 
render of Pemberton. 

After his return to West Union Mr. Welsh again 
v.-ent into the liver}' business, which he continued 
there until 1872, serving as Deputy Sheriff during 
the four years prior to that date. He then sold out 
his business and removed to Topeka, Kan., wiiere 
he took up the same occupation, sojourning m this 
State but a year when he sold out and returned to 
West Union and engaged in his oldeii occupation 
there. In 1874 he was .again elected Sheriff and 
served two years, aflw' which he returned to his 
former employment and continuc^d it until the 
spring of 1879. lie then moved permanently from 
West Union, and taking up his abode in this city, 
ens-aged in the hotel and livery business, abandon- 
ing^the former after eight years' experience as 
landlcird here, and a year later selling his livery 
business. Since that time he has devoted his at- 
tention, as beftire n<)te<l. to the woik of a veterin- 
ary surgeon and an auctioneer, his son Clinton 
being his partner in business. He owns one fine 
specimen of horse flesh, it being a Memlnino stall- 
ion of a bright bay color, and weighing 1.150 

ISlrs. Welsh bore the maiden name of Isabelle 

Scott, and is a native of Knox County, Ohio, and 
a daughter of William and Frances (Barcus) Scott. 
The mai'riago of Mr. and Mrs. Welsh was celebrated 
Aug. 29, 1848, and seven children have been born to 
them. Belle and Jennie have been removed from 
them by death. Of the survivors, William E., the 
eldest son, is in Denver, Colo.; Emily A. lives in 
Rossville, Shawnee County, and is the wife of Jo- 
seph F. Cannon; INIargaret F. is the wife of George 
O. Helm, and their home is in St. Mary's; Clinton 
and Jennie B. are yet at home. 

Mr. Welsh has served one year as M.ayor of this 
city, among whose citizens he has good standing 
as a man of probity, intelligence and public spirit. 
Mrs. Welsh has been a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church for some years in Iowa, and her 
Chiistian life is a model to those about her. 


^f/OHN ARONSON. Among the well-to-do 
Swedish citizens of Blue Valley Township, 
Mr. Aronson deserves special mention as 
furnishing a tine illustration of the self-made 
man, who by a course of frugality and industry has 
made for himself a good position, socially and finan- 
cially. He owns and operates a fine farm of 383 
acres on section 24, and has been quite prominent 
in local affairs, holding the various minor offices, 
and being at present a Director of the Orphan's 
Home, on the Blue. 

The father of the sulijectof this sketch, was Aion 
Erickson, born in Orbrolan, .Sweden, in lcS23. He 
was reared in the mining regions of his native 
Province, and worked in the mines during his 
younger years, lie at an early .aue evinced those 
qualities of energy and industry which have been 
the secret of his success in life, lie was faithful 
and reliable in the perforimiiice of his duties. l)e- 
coming a boss in the mines, and later was employed 
in the smelting furnace. He, however, was not 
satisfied with his condition or his prospects in his 
native land, and finally in 1^)70 decided to emi- 
grate to America. He came to Kansas year, 
and homestead'ed eighty acres of land in Blue \' al- 
ley Township, which formed the nucleus of his pre- 
sent homestead. 

The mother of our subject was Caroline Peter- 



son. a native of Linsberg. Sokn. Orbrolan. Sweden; 
she was born in 1815, and is consequently sevent}'- 
four years old. She is living and in good health. 
The four children of the [larental fanill}' were 
named respectively: Charles. John, and two b}' the 
name of Erick, who died in infancy. Tlie eldest 
son is a prominent farmer of Blue Yallej' Town- 
ship, owning 224 acres of land. John was born in 
Kapperbjergetsokn, Orbrolau, Sweden. Aug. 19, 
1846, and was almost reared in the mines, receiving 
a limited school education. When nine years old 
he began work at separating silver ore, and was em- 
ployed continuously In the mines until a youth of 
sixteen 3'ears, when he commenced working in a 
smelting furnace. Two j-ears later he began an pp- 
prenticeship at the blacksmith trade, which he fol- 
lowed until the spring of 1868, and then returned 
to the smelting furnace. 

Having now a great desire to see America, Mr. 
Aronson. in the spring of 1869, left his native land 
in advance of his father's farail3-, and going to 
Liverpool. England, embarked on the steamer, 
"Helvetia," which landed him in due time in New 
York Citj-. Thence he proceeded to Minnesota, 
and was emploj'ed on the railroad near St. Paul 
two months. At the expiration of this time, he 
came to Kansas, and began working as a stone- 
mason with his brother, Charles, in Blue Valley 
Township. He followed this quite ste.idilv about 
ten years, becoming a practical and experienced 
mason, and put up many houses in Pottawatomie 

In 1871 Mr. Aronson horaesteaded eightj^ acres 
of his present farm, which was then a tract of wild 
land, without anj' improvements whatever. He lo- 
cated upon it the following j'ear, and gradually 
improved it while he engaged in his trade until 
1880. Since then he has given it his whole time 
and attention, and added to his worldly possessions 
as his capital increased. The land is all enclosed 
by good fencing, and is mostly under the plow. He 
has good buildings, including a substantial stone 
residence, a frame barn 1 6x40 feet in dimensions, a 
windmill and water tank, a good orchard and groves 
and all the other appurtenances of the modern coun- 
try estate. He is greatly interested in fine horses, 
mosllj' graded Percherons, and is a leading and en- 

terprising member of the Olsburg Horse Company. 
Mr. Aronson was married in Manhattan, Kan., 
Nov. 5, 1871, to Miss Christine Swanson, who was 
born in the town of Vimenerby. Kalmerlan, Ssveden, 
and came to America in 1869, locating in Pottawa- 
tomie Count}-. Of this union there have been born 
three children, viz: Ida J., Hannah W., and Hilma 
C. Mr. Aronson upon becoming a voting citizen, 
identified himself with the Republican party, of 
wliich he is an active member, and is frequently sent 
as a delegate to county conventions. He has been 
Townsiiip Trustee one year, and Clerk of his school 
district one term. He assisted in the organization 
of the .Swedish Lutheran Church at Olsburg, of 
which he has been a member fourteen years, some 
of the time officiating as Deacon. He gives to the 
church liberal support, and assisted in the erection 
of the church edifice. He is looked upon as a use- 
ful citizen, who is contributing his full quota to 
the best interests of his adopted country. 

-^ #3-€^ ^ 

OBERT C. MOORE, D.V.S., is a graduate 
of the Chicago Veterinary College, and 
since establishing himself in ins profession 
^ in Holton. where lie had previousl}' resided 
several years, he has acquired a large practice in 
this city and in the surrounding country, and is 
justly regarded as one of the most intelligent and 
skillful of the veterinar}- surgeons of this part of 

Mr. Moore was born near Leesburg, Carroll Co.. 
Ohio. Nov. 29, 1852, to Edward H. and Harriet A. 
(Cummings) Moore. His father was born in .Jeffer- 
son County, Ohio. Oct. 20, 1827, a son of Thomas 
Moore, who was born in 1796. it is thought, in 
Marj-laud. His father, great-grandfather of our 
subject, moved from that State to Ohio, and was 
one of the first settlers of Jefferson County, where 
he took up a tract of Government land, on which 
he erected a double log house to shelter his family, 
and he passed his remaining days on the farm that 
he cleared from the wilderness. At that time there 
were no railway's or canals in the counlr}', and no 
markets, and the settlers used to (lacksalt and other 
necessaries of life across the mountains on horseback. 



The grandfather of our subject, was reared on Ins 
father's homestead in Jefferson County, and resided 
there until about 1837, when he befame a pioneer 
of Tuscarawas County, buying tliere a trac^t of 
forest covered land, and when he cleared it he 
rolled large logs together and burned them to get 
rid of them, as they were not of much value where 
timber was so abundant. He improved quite a 
large tract of land, which he subsequently sold, 
and going to Carroll County, bought more wild 
land, located in Orange Township. There was a 
sawmill on the place when he bought it, which he 
operated the few years that he lived there. Selling 
that farm, he afterward made his home in Bucj-rus, 
Crawford County", until his death. The maiden 
name of his wife was Margaret Haxton. She was 
an adept at spinning and weaving, and used to 
cook before the open fireplace. She died in Jeffer- 
son Count}'. 

Tiie father of our subject lived with his parents 
until 1842, when he started out in life for himself, 
well-equii)ped mentallj' and physically for the 
struggle. He worked by the month until 1846, 
when he enlisted in Company B, 3d Ohio Infantry, 
and going to Mexico, served there fourteen months, 
and was then honorably discharged willi his regi- 
ment. He returned to Ohio, and farmed on shares 
iu Coshocton County until 1850. In that 3'ear he 
settled on his father-in law's farm in Carroll Count}^ 
fourmiles from Leesburg, and lived there until 1864. 
After spending four years in Leesburg, be removed 
with his famil}' to DeKalb County, Mo., and rented a 
farm there two years. In 1871 lie came to Ilolton, 
and rented a farm near the city one j'ear, and has 
since resided in Holton, engaging in various kinds 
of business. For six years he managed a restau- 
rant at the railway station, and for four years he 
held the responsible office of City Marshal, acting 
in that capacity in a manner most satisfactory' to 
his fellow-citizens. He was married Feb. 21, 1850, 
to a daughter of Anthonj^ Cunjmings, a pioneer of 
Carroll County. She was born in Leesburg, Oct. 
26, 1831, and was reared to a capable, useful wom- 
anhood in Carroll and Harmon counties, and was 
early taught to spin and weave and knit, and to 
perf<irni all those household duties that contribute 
to the ii>rnfort and well-being of the inmates of 

the home. Her father, a nativeof Loudoun County, 
Va., was a son of Thomas Cummings, who came 
from Scotland, the land of his birth, with two 
lirothcrs, Robert and James, and settled in Loudoun 
County, \ii., where the remainder of his life was 
passed. He was a firm supporter of religion, a 
Presbyterian in faith. He married Rebecca Curry, 
a native of Ireland, of Scotch descent. The grand- 
father of our subject went to Ohio when a young 
man, and was an early settler of Carroll County. 
He bought a farm near Leesburg. He spent his 
last years in that village, where he was for some 
time engaged in the mercantile business. The 
maiden name of his wife, maternal grandmother of 
our subject, was E. Maria Roby. She was a native 
of Maryland, and a daughter of Barton Roby. 

Dr. Moore was reared in Leesburg, and received 
his early education in its excellent public schools. 
In 1868 he accompanied his parents to their new 
home in UeKalb County, Mo., and remained with 
them there, affording his father valuable assistance 
on the farm, until December, 1871. In that month 
he came to Kansas, having started out in life on 
his own account, with youth, health, good spirits, 
and a clear, well-balanced raind as sufficient capital 
for any enterprise in which he might embark. He 
was various!}' employed until the fall of 1875, when 
he bought a transfer line of one team. Holton Mas 
then only a small town, and the terminus of the 
narrowguage railway, the onl\' one in the place 
then, and his one team was sufficient to convey all 
the merchandise that was brought here. With the 
growth of the town in size his business rapidl}' in- 
creased until he ran five teams of his own, and a 
part of the time had to hire others. In 1881, hav- 
ing acquired a competence, he sold his express 
route and engaged in the mercantile business until 
1885. In that j'ear he determined to fit himself 
for a veterinary surgeon, having ahead}' a good 
practical knowledge of the horse and his diseases, 
and lie wput to Chicago and entered the Chicago 
Veterinary College, and was a student in that in- 
stitution in the winters of 1885-86 and 1886-87, 
and was graduated in the spring of 1887, finely 
equi|)ped for his profession, and immediately open- 
ing an office in Ilolton, he has practiced here and 
in the surrounding country with marked success. 



Mr. Moore's marriage with Miss Mary Klusmire, 
was duly solemnized in the month of October, 
1875. She was born in German}', and came to 
America with her parents, Frederick and Mary 
Klusmire, in 18C7. Mr. and Mrs. Moore's pleasant 
home is made doubly attractive to those who cross 
its threshold b}' the warm and hospit,able treat- 
ment accorded to them by the kind hostess and 
genial host. They have an adopted daughter, 
Edith, whom they cherish as if she were of their 
own blood, and she is given all possible advantages. 

Mr. Moore is gifted with a stable character, an 
active temperament, and a liberal spirit, and besides 
being well-versed in his calling, is generally well- 
informed. In politics, he has sided with the 
Republican part}' since he cast his first Presiden- 
tial vote for R. B. ILayes. He is a prominent 
member of the State Veterinary Association, was 
its Treasurer two 3'ears, and ably served as its 
President in 1888. Religiously, lie and his wife 
are among the working members of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. 

♦♦ — ■,*w*^ 

W'SVD KNUDSON, junior member of the 
^ firm of Oleson tt Knudson, dealers in gen- 
eral merchandise, is also the owner of a 
^;farm of 143 acres in Blue Valley Township, 
Pottawatomie Count}-, and a livery barn in 01s- 
burg. He is looked upon as a representative citi- 
zen of Pottowatomie County, a man liberal and 
public-spirited, progressive in his ideas, and of that 
genial temperament which has drawn around him 
hosts of friends. He vvas born in Urdal Preslyeld, 
Walders, Norway, Jan. .5, 18.55, and is a son of 
Halvor Knudson, a native of the same place. 

Tlie father of our subject was born in June, 
1825, and when a young man began trading in 
produce, freighting and shipping to Christiana 
and Jovig. He was the owner of a farm, which 
he operated for a. number of years. Later, he sold 
out, and removed to Gulbranesdalen. where he pur- 
chased a large estate named "St-iff," and upon 
which were located the fair grounds. There he en- 
gaged extensively in nulling, owning and operat- 
ing two gristmills and two sawmills. At the same 

time he was an agent for an extensive freighting 
line. He was a man of great energy, and in Amer- 
ica would be designated as a "hustler." 

The elder Knudson, however, met with reverses, 
and in 1866 emigrated to America, in the hope of 
retrieving his fortune. Locating in Dane County, 
Wis., he worked for one season as a farm laborer, 
but in the summer of 1867 he was joined by his 
family, and in the fall of that 3'ear they all came to 
Kansas. The father first rented land on the Blue 
Bottoms, which he operated for several years. In 
1872 he homesteaded 140 acres of land in Shannon 
Township, lying along Shannon Creek, and he also 
purchased 160 acres adjoining, the whole of which 
he improved, and lived there until his death, which 
occurred Aug. 30, 1874. In politics he was a Re- 
publican, and in religion a Lutheran. The paternal 
grandfather of our subject was Knud Oleson, like- 
wise a native of Norway, and a wealthy fairaer. 
He married Barbara Halvorsdatter, and they spent 
their entire lives upon their native soil. 

The maiden name of the mother of our subject 
was Esther Bjornsdatter. She was likewise a na- 
tive of Walders, Norway, and was born in 1823. 
Her father was Bjorns Kohlspiekken. a well-to-do 
farmer. After the death of her husband, the mother 
operated the farm a number of years, then turned 
it over into the hands of a tenant, and retiring 
from the cares and labors of life, is now living 
with litr son, Anton, in Blue Valley Township. 
The parental family comprised nine children, five 
of whom grew to mature years. Betsey is the wife 
of L. Winger, of Dickinson County, Neb.; Knud, 
our subject, was the second born; Bent is farming 
in Barron County, Wis.; Anton is farming in 151ue 
Valley Township, Kan.; Clara died in Wisconsin 
when an interesting young lady of nineteen years. 

The subject of this sketch was seven years old 
when his parents removed to the farm, '-Staff," the 
journey to which was made over the mountains on 
horseback. He was required at an early age to 
make himself useful, and when nine years old be- 
came regularly employed in the mill and on the 
farm, receiving only limited school advantages. He 
accompanied his mother and her family to America, 
startingout in April, 1867, and going first to Christi- 
ana, where they remained two weeks. They then 



oinbarkedon the sailing-vessel "Emerald," and after 
a voynge of six weeks ianded at Quebec, Canada. 
Thence they proceeded to P-dgerlon, Wis,, where 
they remained until November of that j-ear, then 
made their way by rail to Atchison, Kan., and 
thence by train to Blue Valley Townsliip, arriving 
in the latter jilace December 25, and celebrating 
their Christmas as best they could amid the dilli- 
cultids of their surroundings. 

In the spring of 1868 j-oung Knudson began 
working out by the month, and was thus emplo3"ed 
until nineteen years old, turning over his earnings 
to his father. He then began operating as a renter 
on his uncle's farm of 400 acres, and was thus 
successfully engaged for five j'ears. In 1878 he 
homesteaded 160 acres of land in Shannon Town- 
ship, and soon afterward purchased eightj' acres 
adjoining. He erected a good residence, and other 
necessary buildings, enclosed his fields with sub- 
stantial fencing, and lived there until the spring of 
1880. Then, selling out, he engaged in buying" 
and shipping cattle. In the fall of that year he 
purchased the farm which he now owns, and which 
was then a tract of mostlj^ raw land, unculti- 
vated, and upon which no improvements had been 
made. He has brought about a great change in its 
original condition, making of it a fertile farm with 
good buildings. It is vvell watered by Shannon 
Creek, and lies two miles from the town of Olsburg. 
It is largely devoted to live stock, and Mr. Knud- 
son is considei'ablj' interested in flue horses, owning 
the stallion -'Napoleon," a three-quarter Percheron, 
and valued at $1,000. 

Mr. Kuudson, in the spring of 1880, rented his 
farm, and removed to Olsburg, where he purchased 
a residence, and subsequently ran a wagon for the 
Leonardville Creamery. In the fall of 1889 he 
associated himself with his present partners as a 
general merchant, and the prospects are tlint in 
this, as in his other enterprises, Mr. Knudson is 
destined to meet with complete success. His liv- 
er}' barn is operated by other parties. 

On the Gth of July, 1881, Mr. Knudson was 
married, in Mariadahl, to Miss Emma Oleson. This 
lady was born in Galcsburg. 111., -A-Ug. 12, 1857, 
and is the daugliter of the Rev. II. Oleson, a min- 
ister of tlie Lutheran Church. Mr. Oleson was 

born in Sweden, where he learned blacksmithing, 
and whence he emigrated in early life, settling 
first in Illinois, and in 1876 coming to Kansas, and 
settling in Mariadahl, where he ofliciated as a min- 
ister for a period of thirteen years. He is now re- 
siding near Galesburg, 111. Of this union there 
have been born four children, viz: Arthur, Elsie. 
Ettie and Josephine. Mr. Knudson, politically, is 
a sound Republican, and an active member of the 
Swedish-Lutheran Church, to which he contributes 
a liberal support, and gave substantial assistance 
during the erection of their church edifice. He has 
been a School Director three years, and a Road 
Supervisor two years. He is, in all respects, a use- 
ful member of his community, and held in high 
esteem by his fellow-citizens. 

[ OHN J. BARRY, Jk., is a prosperous, suc- 
cessful young farmer residing in the south- 
eastern part, of Blue Township, Pottawato- 
mie County. He operates a fine farm, 
consisting of 400 acres of fertile and productive 
land, lying on sections 11 and 14, on which he has 
recently erected a very handsome, convenient and 
commodious two-story frame residence, at a cost of 
nearly $2,000. This home is furnished in a man- 
ner that reflects credit upon the taste, judgment 
and liberalitj^ of its proprietor, who to a successful 
experience as a farmer, adds the habits of the 
student and scholar. Ili.s home is adorned, and 
his hours of recreation made pleasant and profita- 
ble, by the comi)anionship of the papers and maga- 
zines of the day, and the choicest works of the 
masters of modern thought. In this way a strong, 
vigorous and active mind is kept fresh and bright 
for the demands and duties of his farm work, over 
which he exercises a careful and intelligent super- 

Mr. Bany comes by his energj' and his industrj- 
honestly. His parents, James and Mar}' (Fitz- 
gerald) Barr}', who still survive, and are residents 
of the village of St. George, have lived a life of 
earnest industry, thus setting him an exanplc by 
which he has already profited sufficient!}- to prove 
its inestimable value. Both his parents are natives 



of New York State. Tlie e.nrlier years of their 
married life were spent in Kankakee County, III., 
where the father followed farming until 1867. 
when he removed with his family to St. George, 
Pottawatomie County, and shortly afterward en- 
tered the employ of the Union Pacific Railroad 
Company, as general road master, a position held 
by him for twelve years. The road at that time 
was finished only to Manhattan, and Mr. Barry 
was employed in its construction from that point 
westward to Denver. In 1871, when the road 
reached Wallace, Mr. Barry opened a railway 
eating house, at that place, and ran it until 1881, 
when he sold out, having resigned his po.=ition on 
the Union Pacific, and accepted a similar one on 
the Denver & Rio Grande, from Pueblo, Colo., to 
Cacharah, N. M., his headquarters being at the 
latter place. He continued with this company 
about two years, when he resigned and turned his 
attention to farming, being ably assisted by the 
subject of this sketch, to whom he soon entrusted 
the management and superintendence of his vnlua- 
ble farm property. He is still a hale and vigorous 
man, with the promise of many useful and honora- 
ble years of life. 

AVhile Mr. Barry was busy with the exacting 
and responsil>le duties of his position as General 
Roadmaster of the Union Pacific Company, he 
did not forget those he owed to his children. They 
were earl}' taught to look upon a good education 
as a most valuable equipment fur tlie battle of life, 
and were given such opportunities to acquire 
learning as were within his power to offer them, 
and as his rather nomadic life in following up the 
building of the road would permit. Our subject 
was especially- favored in tiiis direction. He was 
five years of age when he came to Kansas, and his 
parents being on the frontier most of the time, 
where schools had not yet made their appearance, 
he was sent to an uncle in Junction City, with 
whom he remained some time attending school. 
In the year 1875, he entered St. Mary's Academy 
as a student, and attended that institution until 
1880. He then entered the employ of the Union 
Pacific Company, and was employed in the pas- 
senger service. The desire for furtlier education 
caused him to soon give up his work and to enter 

the University of Notre Dame, at South Bend, Ind., 
from the commercial department of which he was 
graduated in 1881. Tlius equipped, he returned 
to Kansas to devote himself to agriculture. 

The estate now operated by our subject, 240 
acres of which is owned by his father and 240 by 
himself, has grown from a small beginning. The 
original purchase was eighty acres, but as success 
attended the efforts of the father and son, this has 
been added to until it now embraces 480 acres of 
as choice land as there is in Central Kansas. It is 
now run principally as a stock farm, and crops are 
raised with a view to feeding stock for market, and 
all the produce is fed on the place. Though not a 
fancy stock man, Mr. Barry is a careful breeder of 
horses, cattle and hogs. In horses he breeds Ham- 
bletonian and Messenger roadsters; in cattle, the 
grades of Short-horn, and in hogs, good grades of 
Poland-China. They are raised and fed with a 
view to their value in the general market, and it is 
to his judgment in buying, feeding and marketing 
his stock, that Mr. Barry owes the success that he 
has thus far achieved. His investments have been 
prudently made, and have, notwithstanding short 
crops and such other things as all farmers have 
sometimes to contend against, been fortunate and 
gratifyingly profitable. The success which he has 
thus far achieved demonstrates the fact that the 
better a man is educated, provided he is endowed 
by nature with a practical mind, good common 
sense and an inclination to industry, the better 
farmer as well as the better citizen ho will make, 
and that the goal of success for the farmer's son 
with a college diploma, does not alwa3's lie in the 
direction of the large cities. 

Our subject is one of seven children; two broth- 
ers — William and David, the second and sixth born 
— died in childhood, and also one sister — Fannie — 
the fourth born. Elizabeth, the eldest, married 
W. J. Dunning, a railroad engineer, who is now 

i living in St. George, and running a grocer}- store; 

' Alice, the fifth child, w-as graduated from the 
Academy of St. Mary's, at Denver, and married 
Peter Robidoux, a grandnephew of Joseph Robi- 
doux, the first settler in and founder of .St. Joseph, 
Mo.; they have tvv-o children and reside in Wallace; 

: Mary, the 3-oungest, now eighteen years of age, is 



at home. The subject of this sketch is the third 
born, and is now twentv-sevcn jears of age and 

Though a stanch Democrat, J. J. Barry takes no 
active interest in politics beyond exercising the 
right of franchise, and seeing tliat so far as liis in- 
fluence goes, the local offices are filled by good and 
capable men. He is descended from Irish Catholic 
ancestry, and is a faithful and devout member of 
that church. Like his father, he is a man of energy, 
industry and integrity. His natural endowments 
and excellent education are admirable equipments 
for an honorable career, and it may be safely pre- 
dicted that the success he has thus far achieved is 
but the forerunner of a greater and even more 
gratifying future. 

"jf OIIN DAILEY. The subject of this sketch 
is a quiet, unassuming gentleman, who en- 
jo3's the confidence and esteem of his ueigh- 
/ bors and friends. He owns a good farm of 
UiO acres of land, on section 14, Union Township, 
and combines the business of stock-raising with the 
work of a general farmer. F>y prudent economy and 
well-directed energy he has succeeded in making 
his life a successful one. and he has the further sat- 
isfaction of knowing that he has wronged no man 
in his career, but has many times helped a weaker 
brother, whom misfortune had overtaken, to regain 
his place in the world's bus}" hive of workers. 
While he has been "diligent in business," he has not 
forgotten the other part of the injunction to be 
•'fervent in spirit, serving the Lord.'' An emula- 
tion of this example by the young men of the na- 
tion, would give us a class of citizens of whom 
America might well be proud. 

Mr. D.iiley was born in Vermillion County, 111., 
.June 4, 1836. His father, David, deceased, was a 
native of Massachussetts, and was born near Bos- 
ton. David Daile.y removed to Illinois when a 
young man, and settled in Vermillion County. 
When the Black Hawk War broke out, he shoul- 
dered his musket and marched gallantl}' forward 
to uphold the slarrj' flag against the assaults of the 
fierce tribes of Indians under the leadership of their 

renowned chieftain. During the war it became 
desirable to bury a large quantitj' of to pre- 
vent its capture by the Red Men, and Mr. David 
Dsiiley was one of the party to whom was commit- 
ted the t.ask of securely "jjlanting" it. They ex- 
cavated a hole large enough to receive it and 
covered it so securely that it is not known to have 
ever been recovered, although the place of deposit 
is known to be in the vicinity of Rock Island. 111. 
In 1841 Mr. David Dailey moved his family from 
Illinois to the State of Indiana, locating in Parke 
Count}'. Our subject was then a child and re- 
mained in that place during his youth. He was 
reared on the farm of his parents and attended the 
common-schools of the district, but the educational 
advantages of that time in that place were exceed- 
ingly limited and }()ung Dailey secured only an 
elementary acquaintance with the branches of 
knowledge usually considered necessary to an Eng- 
lish education. 

The mother of our subject was Elizabeth Sellers. 
a daughter of Jacob Sellers, now deceased. She 
was a native of Ohio and remained under the pa- 
rental roof in that State until she was grown to 
womanhood. She was distinguished by great 
sweetness of disposition and strength of intellect, 
and well fitted to be the comiianion of brave 
and nf'ble men. The parents of Mrs. Dailey re- 
moved to Mercer Count}-. III., in 185:3, and resided 
tliere during the remainder of their lives. 

Mr. John Dailey emigrated to Kansas in the 
spring of 1859, and resided in Nemaha, Pottawato- 
mie County, until 1862, when he went to Fremont 
County. Iowa, and followed farming in that place 
until November, 1875 In the latter year he re- 
turned to Pottawatomie County, Kan., and 
settled on the farm which he now owns and where 
he has continued to reside from that time forward. 
February 3, 1859, Mr. Dailey and !Miss Margaret 
Kicker were united in marriage. She is a daugh- 
ter of George Ricker, deceased, and is a na- 
tive of Tennessee. Mrs. Dailey is a woman who 
enjoys the respect and esteem of all who are for- 
tunate enough to claim her acquaintance. The 
married life of Mr. and Mrs. Dailey has been made 
fruitful by the birth of six children of whom four 
have fallen victims to the grim monster, death. 



The two who survive are — Frances A. who is mar- 
ried to Robert Sebring of Shawnee County, Kan. 
Their post-office address is — Rossville. They have 
no children; and Abner P. who resides in West- 
moreland, Pottawatomie Co., Kan., a sketch of 
whose life appears in another part of this work. 
Mr. Dailey has been honored by his neighbors with 
the office of Township Treasurer, a position in 
which he is now serving his second term. Politi- 
cally he is a stalwart Republican. He finds a re- 
ligions home in the bosom of the Christian Church 
of which he is an active and consistent member. 

^OHN W. ARNOLD, Mayor of Louisville, 
Pottawatomie County, has a joint interest 
in the Louisville Roller Mill in company 
witli A. C. Meritt, and also owns one of the 
finest farms in the county. He is well and favor- 
ably known throughout this congressional district, 
which he represented in the State Legislature in 
1886-87. In local affairs he has filled various 
positions of public responsibility, and has ever 
l)ecn found trustwortliy and competent in the ful- 
filment of the duties which devolved upon him. 

Mr. Arnold is a son of Tunis and Harriet (La- 
paugh) Arnold, natives of Albany County, N. Y., 
where their entire lives were spent, the death of 
the mother taking place on the homestead which 
had been located by the great-grandfatlior of Mrs. 
Arnold, and the father dying at Albany. She died 
in 18G0, and he survived until 1882. remarrying 
some time after her death. Our subject was the 
second of six children born to his father and mother, 
and his birth occurred on the old homestead, 
in Albany County, N. Y.,in February, 1841. Hav- 
ing spent the first twelve years of his life on the 
ancestral estate, he entered a store at Chesterville, 
in the same countj', and four years later, when the 
establishment was moved to Wayne County, he 
went with it, remaining with his employer eight 
years altogether. He then went to Battle Creek, 
Mich., and entering upon a farm life, carried on 
tliat business three years, nest buying an interest 
in a hardware store in the city near which he was 

farming, and conducting this branch of mercantile 
business six jears. 

In 1870 Mr. Arnold closed out his business in 
Battle Creek, and came to this State on a prospect- 
ing tour, and being satisfied with the prospects for 
advancement and civilization in this section, pur- 
chased a farm one and a half miles east of Louis- 
ville, to which he removed his family the following 
year. He remained on his farm until 1888, when 
he bought an interest in the mill and moved into 
the city. The farm, which was raw land when it 
was purchased by Mr. Arnold, comprises 240 
acres, all under cultivation, and is regarded as one 
of the best improved and most valuable pieces of 
property in the county. About half of the acre- 
age is tilled, and the rest is in tame grass, affording 
pasturage and feed for a very fine flock of thor- 
ouglibred Merino sheep, which belong to Mr. 
Arnold, for the cattle v^^ith which the place is well 
stocked and for the sheep which are bought and 
fed for market. During his first ten years' resi- 
dence in tliis State, our subject carried on an ex- 
tensive business in buying and shipping cattle, but 
more recently has given his attention to the breed- 
ing of Merino sheep and Poland-China hogs. 

The marriage of Mr. Arnold took place in the 
j-ear 1861, his chosen companion being Miss Jen- 
nie Tremper, a cultured and noble-hearted lady, 
who was born in Wayne County, N. Y., May 4, 
1842, and is the youngest in a family of four chil- 
dren. Her parents were Jacob and Dorcas Tremper, 
natives of tiie same county as herself. The mother 
died in the year 1859, and the father survived her 
until 1878. To the Hon. Mr. Arnold and his 
wife ten children have been born, three of whom 
have been removed from them by the hand of 
death. The survivors are: Frank W., Hattie, 
Augusta C, Robert L., Deane C, Katie M. and 
Jennie P. The first four-named are married, and 
the first two live in Seattle, Wash. Augusta C. is 
the wife of the Rev. W. C. Wheeler, of Wabaun- 
see County. The rest are living in this pLace. The 
four oldest chililren are graduates of Washburn 
College, Topeka, and Deane C. is now a student in 
the same place. The 3'oungcr members of the fam- 
ily will be given equally good advantages and 
fitted for useful lives. 



The Hon. Mr. Arnold has served on the Town- 
ship Board for ten years, and has also been identi- 
fied with the School Board. Lie was elected 
Justice of the Peace, but never qualified for the 
oflice. He is a strong advocate of temperance, 
following the example of his father, who was a 
standi temperance man when it was odious to be 
sue!) in the community in which he lived. Mr. 
Arnold has always lieen a Republican. He cast 
liis first Presidential ballot for Abraham Lincoln, 
and has voted for every Republican nominee since 
then. He and his wife, and all the children except 
the two 3-oungest, are members of the Congrega- 
tional Chinch, in which he is Trustee and Treas- 
urer. For sixteen years Mr. Arnold has been a 
teacher iu the home Sunday-school, and all the 
family are active in Sunday-school work. 



I ZEKIEL HARRIS. Among the prominent 
and successful faimers of Pottawatomie 
lt~^ County, tiie above-named gentleman de- 
serves mention as a man of enterprise, industry and 
excellent moral character. He is engaged in grain 
and stock raising, on section 3C, Blue Valle}' Town- 
ship, where he owns 280 acres of land, which is 
intelligently cultivated and bears excellent improve- 
ments, these including a well-built house, barn, 
windmill, and other conveniences fcr the work 
which is carried on upon the estate, and an excel- 
lent orchard and vineyard. 

The father of our subject is George ILarris, who 
was born in Kent, England, Aug. 21, 1820, and 
came to Pennsylvania in 1841, following farming 
in Alleghany County for over thirtj' j-ears. In 
1872 he removed from the Keystone State to Kan- 
sas, locating on a farm of 120 acres in the same 
section where his son Ezekiel lives, on which well- 
improved farm he now makes his home. His wife 
was, in her maidenhood, Miss Elizabeth Dodd, and 
was also born in Kent, coming to America witii 
her father, George Dodd, who farmed in Pennsyl- 
vania until his death. The parental family con- 
sists of George W., a farmer in Green Townsliip; 
him of whom we write; Mrs. Sarah A. Springer, of 
Green Township; ^Mar^-, wlio died in 1881; Al- 

bert, living in Washington; Stephen, who is en- 
gaged in farming in Blue \'alley Township; Mrs. 
Elizabeth Shaw, of^ Green Township; Henrj% wlio 
is still living at home; Emma J., Mrs. Elmer Glunt. 
living in Green Township; Charles, of Washing- 
ton ; and Cassie B., at home. The paternal grand- 
father of our subject bore the same name as his 
father — George — and came to America from Eng- 
land, engaging in farming in Alleghany County, 
Pa., until his death in 188-1, he having reached the 
age of eighty-two years. 

Ezekiel Harris was liorn near Alleghany City, 
Pa., Oct. 9, 1817, and was reared on his father's 
farm within two miles of the Alleghany River, re- 
ceiving the educational advantages to be obtained 
in the common schools as long as he remained un- 
der the parental roof. At the age of sixteen he 
was apprenticed at grist milling, and after serving 
three years ran the mill on shares till the spring of 
1870, when he was obliged to]abandon that occupa- 
tion on account of ill health. He then came to 
Manhattan, Kan., whence he walked to the home ( f 
his uncle, William Skinner, seventeen miles north 
of the city. During the summer he worked for 
his uncle, and in the fall purchased I 20 acres of his 
present estate, upon which he began making im- 
provements. In 1872 he engaged as engineer at 
Winkler's Mill, on Fancy Creek, continuing so em- 
ployed till the spring of 1874, when he returned to 
his farm. He was just in time to be eaten out by 
grasshoppers, but persevered in spite of discour- 
agements, and has made the improvements before 
noted upon his place, purchasing an additional 
160 acres on section 31. 

In Manhattan, April 11, 1873. Mr. Hai'ris was 
united in marriage with Miss Mary Ivnipe, a native 
of Indiana. She departed this life in 1881, haviii" 
borne her husband four children : Maud, Lucy A.. 
Elmer and Mary E. In Green Township, in April, 
1888, Mr. Harris contracted a second matrimonial 
alliance, the l)ride being jNIiss Emily Ilaworth, who 
was born in England. 

Mr. Harris is interested in the develoi)ment of 
the physical resources of the count3-, and its educa- 
tional and moral elevation, and for iiis public 
spirit as well as his personal intelligence and char- 
acter, he is lield in good repute b^' his fell jw citi- 



zens. At present he is filling the position of School 
Treasurer, in which lie has served for six years. 
He has also been Supervisor of Roads. He is an 
active member of the Methodist Episcopal Church 
at Garrison, is now Steward, and has been Trustee 
and Assistant Superintendent of the Sund.ay-school, 
and also served on the Building Committee. He 
is a straight Republican. 

^^OBIAS NECKELM AN, began his residence 
in Kansas in 185G, when he pre empted the 
southwest quarter of section 3, in Blue 
Township, Pottawatomie County, which is still his 
home. The life of Mr. Neckelman has been full 
of interest and adventure and many an interesting 
tale can he tell, not only of the scenes of frontier 
life, but of events which he witnessed or partici- 
pated in during eighteen years of seafaring life. 
Though now almost four-score years old, his men- 
tal faculties are unimpaired and his physical activity 
is equal to that of many a man a quarter of a cen- 
turj' 3'ounger. His fine estate is now one of the 
best cultivated, as well as one of the best equipped 
in the entire count}-, although at the date of his 
settlement upon it, it was Ijare and primitive prairie, 
its onlv attractive feature being its pleasant location. 
It is three and a half miles northeast of Manhat- 
tan, and its value is increased bj- its proximity to 
Elbow Creek, which affords abundant water for 
stock and fertilizes the broad fields. The residence 
is finely located and is a well designed, commodi- 
ous and attractive two-story frame edifice, well 
furnished and managed in a way which does credit 
to the housewifely skill of her who presides over 
it. Adjacent is an excellent barn and all needful 
sheds, granaries, etc., also fruit and shade trees, 
contribute to the beaut}' and prosperous appearance 
of the place. 

Mr. Kcckelman is a native of Jutland, Denmark, 
where his eyes first opened to the light Jul}' 19, 
1812. His parents were John F., and Anna Chris- 
tian (Barry) Neckelman. His paternal grandfather 
was in the service of the British army for a num- 
ber of j'ears, having the rank of General and do- 
ing good service in the wars of the middle and 

latter parts of the seventeenth century. The fa- 
ther was a captain in the Danish army, serving 
during the Napoleonic wars. 

Tobias took to the sea early in life and in 1826 
was a sailor on board the '• St. Valeria," a Danish 
merchantman which was wrecked off the coast of 
France. She had taken a cargo of sheep pelts to 
Bordeaux and was bound for Hamburg with a cargo 
of wine. Mr. Neckelman escaped with others of 
the crew and in 1827 emigrated to America, land- 
ing in Boston. Soon after his arrival he entered 
the merchant marine service and was for a time be- 
fore the mast. Subsequently he was ))romoted to a 
second officer and later he served in this capacit}- 
on the " Norman " of Bosion. He also served 
three years in the United States Navy, a part of 
the time under Commodore Stockton who was then 
holding a First Lieutenant's commission. 

The seafaring life of Mr. Neckelman took him 
to the east coast of Brazil and the Gulf of Mexico. 
In Rio Janeiro he saw the latel}- deposed Emperor, 
Dom Pedro, who was then a boj'. While in the 
navy he served on the ships " Warren " and •• Pea- 
cock " and was on the former in New Orleans when 
President Jackfon was received on board. He was 
upon the site of Galveston, Tex., before that citj' 
had existence. After eighteen years spent as a 
sailor he left the sea in 1841, becoming a mate on 
a Mississippi River steamboat. He followed steam- 
boating ten years then settled in New Orleans and 
went into the grocery business. He was thus oc- 
cupied from 1845 to 1856 when, selling out, he 
came to Kansas of which he has since been a resi- 
dent. He is now numbered among its most highly 
respected and enterprising citizens and has abun- 
dant faith in the future of the Sunflower State. 

;ILLIAM B. PRICE. Since the year 1872. 
this gentleman has been a resident of Kan- 
sas, and with the exception of ten months 
during the jear 1888. which was spent in McPlier- 
son County, his home has been on section 11, 
Louisville Township, Pottawatomie County, where 
he owns 360 acres of improved land, and is engaged 
in farming ninety acres of the same, and in raising 




horses, cattle, and hogs. He has served his fellow- 
citizens in several offices, and is looked up to as a 
man of strict morality, good judgment, and friendly 
nature. Mr. Price belongs to old Virginian fami- 
lies in both lines of descent, and his own birth took 
place in Berkeley County, in the Old Dominion. 
His father was Jacob Price, and his mother. Mary 
Gehr. who were married in their native .State, and 
lived tliere until the death of the mother, which event occurred in 1849. The father subse- 
quently married Miss Salome Duboel. who is now 
living in Carroll County. Ill . and has been a widow- 
since 1870. Three of the children born to .I.acob 
and Marv (Gehr) Price, grew to maturity, our 
subject being the youngest. 

The gentleman of whom we write, opened his 
eyes to the light Maj^ 19, 1847, and received a 
common-school education in his native State, be- 
ginning life for himself at the age of nineteen 
years, on a farm in Illinois. After being engaged 
in .agricultural pursuits for three j-ears, he entered 
into the mercantile business at Lanark, but a year 
later closed out and returned to the farm, since 
which time he has devoted bis attention continu- 
ously to agricultural employments. ^Yhen in 1872, 
he came to this State, he purchased the farm which 
he still owns, upon which there were some improve- 
ments, and which had formerlj- been a part of the 
Pott.awatomie Reservation. The estate has been 
more thoroughly improved, and is a valuable and 
attractive piece of property. 

The most important step in the life of Mr. Price, 
was taken Oct. 27, 1870, when he became the hus- 
band of Miss Mary A. Lemen. This lady is also a 
descendant from Old Virginian families, and pos- 
sesses a most excellent education, combined with 
many sterling qualities of character, and domestic 
accomplishments. Her parents. Robert and Sallie 
(Light) Lemen, were married in their native State, 
and during their entire married life, lived in the 
house which they entered immediately after their 
wedding. Mrs. Lemen departed this life in 1884, 
and her husband still survives, his age now being 
seventy-four j-ears. Mrs. Price was the sixth of 
the nine children born to them, and opened her eyes 
to the light April 27, 1847. Her eductition 
completed b5*an attendance of two years in tlie 

AVestern Maryland Female College. She has borne 
her husband three children: Daisy L.. was born 
Aug. 8, 1871. and has alreadj- spent one 3"ear in 
McPherson College: .Sallie G. was born May 9, 
1876, and Walter M.. March 30, 1879. It is the 
design of the parents to give their children the 
best advantages in the vray of education, and such 
home and moral tr.aining as shall fit them for use- 
ful and honorable lives. 

Mr. Price is conservative in his political views, 
and affiliates with the Republican party. He has 
served with credit in the offices of Justice of the 
Peace, and Township Trustee, and for nine j'ears 
has been a member of the School Board in District 
No. 42. He belongs to the German Baptist Church. 



=*HOMAS DOWNEY, a merch.ant, f.armer.and 
fft<^\ stockman of Clear Creek Township, is a son 
of the well-known Patrick Downey, and his 
wife, Elizabeth Phelen. The latter were natives of 
Ireliind, and emigrated to the United States in 1851. 
Patrick Downey died in Knox County, 111., in 1865, 
at the age of sixty-three years. The mother sub- 
sequentlj- came to Kansas, and died in 1868, at an 
advanced age. They were people of limited means, 
but honest, industrious, and greatlj' devoted to 
their family. They had eleven chiMren, of whom 
Thomas was the seventh in order of birth. 

The subject of this sketch first opened his eyes to 
the light in the Province of .Stratford, Canada, Feb. 
16, 1845. He was six j-ears old when his parents re- 
moved to the States, and was mainly reared in Oak- 
land, Mich., and Knox Countj-, HI. He came to Kan- 
sas when a young man of nineteen yeai-s, in Octo- 
ber. 1866, stopping first in Marshall County. Two 
years later he returned to Knox Count3-, 111., and 
was married in January, 1869. to Miss Margaret 
Reddington. of that count3-. 

In the spring of 1873, Mr. Downey returned to 
the Sunflower State, and settling in Pottawatomie 
County, homesteaded the northeast quarter of sec- 
tion 22, Clear Creek Towuship, which he yet owns. 
Since that time he has been engaged continuously 
in farming, and of late years has been largelj' in- 
terested in stock-raising, making a specialty of 



draft horses. In 1879 he engaged in mercantile 
pursuits in tiie town of Blaine, as senior member of 
the firm of Downey & Cox. The business is still 
conducted bj' them, and is the oldest enterprise of 
the kind in the pLace. 

In politics, Mr. Downe3' is what might be termed 
a liberal Democrat, and he has been placed in vari- 
ous positions of responsibility. He was Treasurer 
of Clear Creek Townsiiip, from 1882 to 1886, and 
was Township Trustee from 1886 -to 1888, being 
each time elected on the people's ticket, and espec- 
iallj' chosen on account of his recognized fitness for 
the place. To Mr. and Mrs. Downe}' there has been 
born an intelligent familj' of children, ten in num- 
ber, who be,ar the names of Henrj', Mar}^ Ellen, 
Thomas, Joseph, the first; Joseph, Dennis, Margret, 
Leo, and Gertrude. Joseph the first died at the 
age of eighteen months. Mr. Downey is looked 
upon as a public-spirited, intelligent citizen, honest 
and straightforward in his dealings, and a man pos- 
sessing tlie entire confidence of all with whom he 
has dealings. He has considerable property in and 
around the town of Blaine, including a half-inter- 
est in the Commercial Hotel. 

JOHN E. HOLM, senior member of the Srm 
of J. E. Holm (fe Bros., dealers in lum- 
ber, etc., is a man well-to-do, and prominent 
in his community, and has been uniformly 
prosperous in his enterprises. He owns 336 acres 
of good land in Blue Valley Township, and resides 
on section 26. A sketch of his ancestrj' will be 
found in the biography of Charles A. Holm, on an- 
otlier page in this volume. 

Mr. Holm was born in Erbro Lan. Sweden, June 
10, 1859, and when nine years old, accompanied his 
parents to America. Landing in New York Citj% 
they proceeded thence westward to Kansas, settling 
on a tract of land in Blue Vallej^ Township, at a 
time when the oiJen prairie abounded in wild game, 
and when their neighbors were few and far be- 
tween. Young Holm was required to make him- 
self useful at an early age, and when a boj- of ten. 

drove the oxen for a breaking plow. His educa- 
tion is self-acquired, he having only attended the 
public school about four months altogether. He 
was occupied in farming, and helping his father 
until a youth of sixteen years, then commenced 
operating a threshing machine, which he continued 
for eight seasons. He worked for his father until 
reaching his majority. During the winter of 1882- 
83, desirous of a further knowledge of general 
business, he attended Pond's Business College at 
Topeka, from which he was graduated in the spring 
of the latter year, louring the spring of 1882. he 
purchased a well-drill which he operated, and en- 
gaged in the pump business in partnership with his 
brother Charles A., and in which they were very 
suc,cessful, doing a large business in pumps and 

Mr. Holm, in 1884, purchased the farm which he 
now owns, and which he has largely devoted to 
stock-raising, employing men to do the work. In 
1886, he, in company with his brother, purchased 
the lumber yard, which Uiey are now operating, and 
another, consolidating the two and enlarging the 
stock and buildings. They have one of the largest 
j-ards in the county, of which Charles A. is the 
manager, while John E. gives his attention to the 
pump business. Upon his farm he has effected 
first-class improvements, having a good house, 
barns, a windmill and tanks, an orchard and groves, 
the whole lying only about one-half mile from 01s- 
burg. In addition to this he operates other land, 
farming in all 500 acres. He raises large quanti- 
ties of corn, which is fed mostly to his live stock, 
of which he ships from two to three car-loads each 
year. He is likewise interested in fine horses, and 
a stock holder and cashier of the Olsbnrg Percheron 
Horse Company. 

Mr. Holm was married in Blue A'alley Township, 
Jan. 30. 1 887, to Miss Huldah Johnson, who was 
born in Sweden, in 1866, They have one child, a 
daughter, Mabel, Mr. Holm, politically, is a sound 
Republican, active in his party, and is frequentl}' 
sent as a delegate to the count}' conventions. He 
is one of the most enterprising young men of his 
township, and in its growth and development forms 
no unimportant factor. He was the prime mover 
in erecting the Methodist Jipiscopal Church at 01s- 



\3 ■>•--' 

Farm Residence of Harrison Shehi.5ec. 21. Spring CreekTr.Pottawatomie Co. Kan. 

Res. of Joseph'WelckSec.^G^^ellevueTp Pottawatomie Co. Kan 



bnrg, and had a great deal to do with collecting 
uione^- for the same. 

We direct the attention of the reader to a litho- 
graphic engraving of the residence of our subject 
with its surroundings. 

T OSEPH WELCH. In 1848, during the Ter- 
ritorial days of Kansas, Mr. Welch first set 
foot upon its soil when a lad of fourteen 
(^^/ years. At tiiat time he was a resident of 
Shawnee Count}- until 1853. That year he went to 
Wisconsin, but in 1860 returned to Kansas and 
purchased 320 acres of land on section 26, Belvue 
Township, Pottawatomie Couutj'. There he has 
since made his honje. He is one of the prominent 
men of his community, in which he has held the 
minor oHices, and has been the uniform encourager 
of the enterprises calculated for the growth and de- 
velopment of his adopted county. He votes the 
straight Democratic ticket, and is a devout mem- 
ber of the Catholic Church. 

A native of Cook County, HI., the subject of 
this sketch was born March 16, 1834. His father, 
JMIchael P. Welch, a native of Ireland, was born in 
1806, and emigrated to the United States in 1830, 
locating in Cook County, 111. In 1853 he sought 
the Pacific Slope, and thereafter remained a resi- 
dent of California until his death, which occurred 
in 1872. Before leaving Illinois, he served in the 
Black Hawk War, and later was a Colonel in the 
Mexican War. While in California he was en- 
gaged in mining. 

The maiden name of the mother of our subject 
was Elizabeth Wilmett. She was born in Michi- 
gan, and died in Kansas when sixty-three years 
old. ^er father Antoine Wilmett, was a native of 
Canada. Earlj^ in life he emigrated to Illinois, 
and subsequently removed to Council Bluffs, Iowa, 
where he spent his last days. He, too, served in 
the Black Hawk War. The parental family in- 
cluded two children only, a daughter and son, 
Catherine and Joseph, the former of whom is now 

^Ir. Welch received his education mostly in Ken- 
tucky, and was reared to farming pursuits. At the 

age of twenty-seven years he was married, in 1861, 
at the bride's home in St. Mary's, to Miss Mary 
Ducherni. Mrs. Welch was born in St. Joseph 
County, Mich., Nov. 12, 1845, and died when forty- 
two years old, at her home in St. Mary's. Of her 
union with our subject there were born twelve chil- 
dren, only six of whom are living, viz: Carrie, 
Mary, John, Morris, Francis, and Charles. 

^ €"-^^ ^ 

ARRISON SHEHI, familiarly calle.i '-Har- 
'' dy," is well and favoral)ly known to a large 

portion of the citizens of Spring Creek 
)j Township, and has the finest residence 
within its limits. He is one of the most extensive 
landowners of Pottawatomie County, holding the 
warrantee deed to 829 broad acres, having his 
homestead on section 21. A sketch of his family 
will be found in the biography of his brother, 
James H. Shehi, on another page in this Album. 

The youngest of six children, Harrison Shehi 
was born near Monmouth, 111., Nov. 24, 1841, and 
was reared upon his father's farm, acquiring his 
early education in the district school. Soon after the 
outbreak of the Civil War he enlisted in the Union 
Army, Nov. 12, 1861, as a member of Company 
E, 13th niinois Cavalry, and was mustered in at Chi- 
cago. In February following the regiment was sent 
to St. Louis, Mo., and assigned to the Army of the 
Southwest, under the command of Gen. Curtis, to 
fight bushwhackers. They met these nearly every 
day, and Mr. Shehi participated in all the battles 
and skirmishes in which his regiment was engaged, 
until taking ill, the result of a sunstroke and other 
ailments, received at Helena, Ark., and was con- 
fined there in a hospital where he came near dyino-. 
He was obliged to accept his honorable discharge, 
Sept. 24, 1862, and was taken home bj' his brother, 
John, after which he was ill for several years, and 
has never fully recovered. 

Mr. Shehi was of that disposition, however, 
which would not permit him to remain idle, and 
as soon as able he put his shoulder to the wheel, 
and engaged in farming with his father until the 
latter part of the summer of 1865. On the 24th 
of August, that year, he set out for Kansas over- 



lanrl witli a team and wagon, and driving twenty- 
seven head of cattle. On the 19th of September 
following, lie purchased 160 acres of his present 
farm, for which he paid §400. He put up a log 
house, hauling the necessary lumber from the river 
at a time when wild game abounded, and when the 
wagon roads were in very bad condition. He 
commenced farming in primitive style, and en- 
dured in common with his neighbors the hardships 
of life on the frontier. He invested his capital in 
additional land, and has the whole enclosed with 
substantial fencing, and 130 acres under the plow. 
For this lau<l he paid from $2.50 to 15 per acre. 
It is watered by Spring Creek, and largel}' devoted 
to grain and stock raising, Mr. Shehi making a 
specialty of high-grade Hereford cattle. At an 
early day he engaged quite extensively in buying 
and shipping, from which be realized handsome 
returns. He has sixteen bead of road horses, and 
all the buildings and machinery requisite for suc- 
cessful farming and stock-raising. The large stone 
residence was erected in 1880 at a cost of 84,000. 
It is a noticeable piece of architecture, and attracts 
the .atcention of the country around. The adjacent 
buildings are amply adapted to the shelter of stock 
and the storage of grain. 

]\Ir. Shehi was married in Aledo, Mercer Co., 
111.. Oct. 16, 1863, to Bliss Ellen Matson. Mrs. 
Shelii is a native of Sweden, and was born May 25, 
1845. She became the motiier of ten children, 
viz.: William H., Bertha G.; Margaret, who died 
in infancy; Clarissa A., who died in 1887, at the 
age of nineteen years; Estella M., Harrison S., 
Jessie L., Bertie, Merritt and George A. William 
married Bliss Ella Hendricks, and is farming on his 
father's land; Bertha is the wife of James L. Dnn- 
lop, a farmer of Spring Creek Township; the 
other children are at home with their parents. 

Mr. Shehi, politically, is a stanch supporter of 
the Republican party, and belongs to the G. A. R., 
at Irving. He lias oHiciated as Road Supervisor, 
was Townshi)) Treasurer one term, and has been 
the School Treasurer of his district several terms. 
In 1876 he attended the Centennial at Philadelphia, 
and traveled quite extensivel}' through the Eastern 
States, visiting Niagara Falls and Canada, and 
having a fine time generally. He considers the 

time and money thus spent as invested in a very 
profitable manner. A view of the home place will 
be found on another page of this work. 



*ii^ ICHAEL FOLEY. Shrewd wit and humor 
''' ly are generousl}' blended in the character of 
* BIr. Foley, a leading farmer of Clear Creek 
Township, Pottawatomie County, and who 
has been closely identified with its material inter- 
ests since 1878. He born in County Cork, Ire- 
land, in 1843. and lived there until a )-outh of 
seventeen years, acquiring his education in the 
common school, and being trained to habits of in- 
dustry and sentiments of honor. Upon coming to 
America, he sojourned for a short time in New 
York City, where he was variously employed until 
1878. That year he came to Kansas and settled 
in Clear Creek Township, purchasing the north 
half of the southwest quarter of section 15. from 
which he improved a good farm, which he still 
occui)ies. He brought the land to a good state 
of cultivation, and has erected good buildings. 
The farm is eueiosed with substantial fencing, and 
there are fruit and shade trees in .addition to all 
the other appurtenances of a well-regulated estate. 
Mi'. Fole}' makes an art and a science of agriculture, 
and his fertile fields j'ield annually a comfortable 
income. In addition to his first purchase, he later 
secured the east half of the northwest quarter of 
section 15. 

BIr. Foley conies of good, thrifty Irish stock, 
bis parents having likewise been natives of County 
Cork, and descended from an old and highly re- 
spected family. John Fole^-, the father, was a 
farmer in moderate cirenmstances, and died in his 
native county, in 1867. in the seventy-fifth year 
of his age. The mother, whose maiden name was 
Joanna Riordan, also died there, in 1866. in the 
seventieth year of her age. Both parents were 
life-long communicants of the Catholic Church. 
Tlie children of the parental family were named 
respectively: Bliehael, John, Dennis, Blary, Kate, 
Blargaret and Ellen. They all lived to mature 
years, but Bliehael is the only one in America. He 
was married, in 1867, to Bliss Julia Sullivan, a na- 



tive of County Cork. Ireland, and at that time a 
resident of New York Cit^y. Mr. and INIrs. Foley 
are the [larents of one child, .John .J., a promising 
young man, who still remains with them. Mr. 
Foley was the first Constable of Clear Creek Town- 
ship, and m.ade an efHcient officer. He was also 
the Clerk of School District, No. 74 for tliree years. 
In politics he is a free-trade Democrat, and in re- 
ligion a devout Catholic. 


Ir; AMES L. PRUNTY. No man stands higher 
in the business community of Wamego than 
Mr. Prunt}', who handles an immense amount 
of lumber during the year as a member of 
tlie Iron Clad Lumber Company, with which he 
became connected in the spring of 1877. He also 
has a lumber and coal yard at Lucas, Russell 
County, this State. He entered upon his business 
career at the earlj' age of eighteen years, assuming 
the position of a clerk in his fatlier's store. In 
1872 lie purchased the lumberyard of his father at 
Wamego, but two years later sold out and en- 
gaged in general merchandising at Laclede. A 
year later he removed the stock to Wamego, and 
gradually turned his attention exclusively to gro- 
ceries, being thus occupied until eng.aging in his 
present enterprise. He received only the advan- 
tages of a common-school education in his youth, 
but being possessed of more than ordinary abiiit}', 
has tlius far made of life a decided success. The sub- 
ject of this sketch was born July 18, 1847, in Platte 
County, Mo., and is the son of Leonard C. and 
Sarah (Poland) Prunty, who were natives of Vir- 
ginia. The parental household consisted of seven 
children, four of whom are living: Drusilla is the 
wife of .lacob L. Brown, of Wabaunsee County, 
and the mother of five children; David A. is a 
resident of Platte County, Mo., and is the fatiier 
of six children; James L.,is the next living 
in order of birth. John is a resident of the city of 
Wamego, and is the father of two cliildren. The 
mother departed this life at tlie home of our sub- 
ject, in Wamego, in 1880. Leonard C. Prunt}' 
went to California, where he is still living, at tlic 
age of seventy-two years. 

Mr. Prunty, in 1868, was married, in Wamego, 

to Miss Narcissa E., daughter of N. H. Clay, of 
Wamego. Mr. Clay removed from Frederick 
County, Md., to Kansas in 1867, and is now a resi- 
dent of Wamego. His daughter, Narcissa, is the 
ninth in a familj' of twelve children, and was born 
Dec. 2,5, 1850, in Frederick County, Md. Of the 
children born of her union with our subject, five 
are now living, .as follows: Mar}' A. E. was born 
Aug. 23, 1869; .Jessie G., July 4. 1875; William 
L., Sept. 10, 1877; John W., Nov. 2, 1884; Sarah 
Edna, Dec. 30, 1886. Mr. and Mrs. Prunty are 
members in good standing of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church, in which Mr. Prunty serves as Stew- 
ard and Trustee. He been prominent in local 
affairs, serving as a member of the Cit}- Council in 
1886, and is at present Treasurer of the City 
School Board. He is likewise connected with the 
A. O. U. W., at Wamego, and has been honored 
with nearly every office within the gift of his 
lodge. He keejjs himself well posted on political 
affairs, and uniformly votes the Republican ticket. 
Mr. and Mrs. Prunty were the first couple married 
in Wamego. the ceremony being performed by the 
Rev. J. A. AVoodburn. His daughter, Marj' A., is 
the wife of Edgar Lewis, a prominent and popular 
citizen of Wamego, and who is represented else- 
where in this work. Mr. Prunty stands liigh in 
social and religious circles as well as in the busi- 
ness community. 

The maiden name of the mother of Mrs. Prunty 
was .Sarah Ann Hood. She was born in Maryland, 
and is still living, being now sevent^'-three years 
old. Mr. Clay has attained to the age of seventy- 
five years, with all his facidtics preserved to a re- 
markable degree, he being very bright in mind 
and active in bod^-. 

— 4-)^«&^4+-}- 

Si I^JLLIAM A. ALLEN, one of the foremost 
\/\/f business men of Jackson County, and part 
W^ owner and cashier of the Exchange Bank 
of Holton, is prominently identified with the early 
pioneers of Kansas, and since making a [termanent 
settlement in this State, while aiding in the mak- 
ing of this prosperous commonwealth, he has 
built up a fortune for himself and family, and is 



numbered among the most substantial and wealthy- 
citizens of this section of the country. He is a 
veteran of the late war, in which he won an hon- 
orable record for faithful, brave and patriotic serv- 
ice in the cause of the Union. 

Mr. Allen was born in London, Canada, Jan. 3, 
1837, his father, Howard M. Allen, having been 
born on this side of the line, in Niagara County, 
N. Y. The paternal grandfather of our subject 
was a pioneer of that county, where he cleared a 
farm and carried on his occupation of a farmer 
many years. He removed to Lenawee County, 
Mich., and spent his last days with his son. The 
maiden name of his wife was Mary Moore. 

The father of our subject grew to a stalwart, 
vigorous manhood in the pioneer home of his par- 
ents, and learned the trade of a blacksmith in his 
native county. He went to Canada when a young 
man, and locating near London, he was a pioneer 
of that region when it was almost an uninhabited 
wilderness. He married and lived there three or 
four years, but did not like the country', and in 
1839 he recrossed the border and settled in Michi- 
gan, becoming a pioneer of Lenawee County, tak- 
ing up Government land near BlissBeld, on the 
bank of the River Raisin. He built a log house 
thereon, and energetically entered upon the hard 
task of clearing and improving his land.- The 
country was in a very wild state, the settlements 
being scattered, and deer and bears were plentiful, 
with wild turkej'S and other game, so that the pio- 
neers were not at a loss for fresh and nourishing 
meats. It was only about two years before his 
settlement there that the first railway in the State 
had been constructed. It was a primitive aiifair, 
with wooden rails and cars drawn by horses, and 
it connected Adrian, in Lenawee County, with To- 
ledo, Ohio, which for some time was the principal 
market. During his residence there Mr. Allen be- 
came quite prosperous, and besides developing a 
fine farm, erected a substantial set of frame build- 
ings, and made his liome on the old homestead till 
death called him hence, in Februar}', 1866. The 
maiden name of his wife was Catliarine Drake. 
She was born in Canada, her father, AVilliam Drake, 
a native of Scotland, being a pioneer of the Pro- 
vince of Ontario. Improving a farm near London, 

his last years were spent upon it. The mother of 
our suliject now lives with her son. Ira B., in Pot- 
tawatomie Count}', Kan. Of her eleven children 
the following grew to maturity: William A.; Mary, 
who married Charles Rayfleld, now deceased; 
Harriet, who married Jolni Tedler, and lives in 
Pottawattomie County; and Ira B., who lives in 
the same county. 

William A., of this biograghy, was two years 
old when his parents settled in Michigan, and the 
preliminaries of his education were acquired in the 
primitive log schcolhouse, iieated l)y an open fire 
in a rude fireplace, the chimne}' being built of clay 
and sticks on the outside of the building, and tlie 
seats made of slabs, with wooden pins for legs. As 
soon as he was large euougli, he was set to the 
pioneer task of cleai'ing the land and preparing 
the soil for cultivation. In those days lumber was 
valueless, and large logs that would now bring a 
good price were rolled together and burned to get 
tiiem out of the wa}'. Our subject remained with 
his parents until 185G,and then made his way, with 
his father, to the Territory of Kansas, coming as 
far as Peru, III., with a team, and after spending 
the winter in that place, proceeding on their way 
to their destination by the Illinois, Mississippi 
and Missouri rivers to Leavenworth, and thence 
through an almost unsettled countr}' to Holton. 
of which they had heard, but which they found to 
be only a town on paper, as all was open prairie 
here, with a village staked out, but a rude log 
house in the process of erection was the only visible 
sign of a habitation. It was nearly night when 
tliey arrived at tlie town site, and they kept on 
walking to secure shelter, and four miles west of 
here found a double log cabin, occupied by a Mrs. 
Cole and family, wiio allowed them to staj^ with 
them till morning, and the next day they set out 
for Soldier's Creek. The wind was blowing so 
hard that they found it very difficult to walk, so 
they returned to Mrs. Cole's shanty. About a week 
later his father returned Eastward, but our subject 
remained here, boarding the most of the time with 
Mrs. Cole. Soon he made a claim in what is now 
Liberty Township, and erecting a log cabin, he 
kept a bachelor's establishment therein a part of 
the time. Deer and wild turkeys and other game 



roamed about here and furnished him with sub- 
stantial food, and a few miles west, on the Blue 
Hiver, buffaloes were to be seen in numbers. At 
the time of his marriage, Mr. Allen located on his 
claim, and lived there until 1860. In .Tul^of that 
jear he returned to Blichigan on account of the 
state of his health, and he was there when the war 
broke out. He watched its course with intense in- 
terest, and soon as he was able took up arms in 
defence of the old flag, enlisting, .Tan. 1, 1863, 
in Company' A, 1st Michigan Light Artiller}-, and 
serving witii credit till after the close of the re- 
bellion. His regiment was with the Army of the 
Cumberland, and for most of the time did duty 
around Nashville and Chattanooga, and was hon- 
orably discharged, at Jackson, Mich., in July, 1865. 
Our subject through those trying years Iwre 
himself with characteristic fortitude, self-reliance 
and heroism, and proved to have, in a full 
measure, those traits that mark a good soldier. 
He returned to Kansas in the fall after leaving the 
army, and having sold the place he first improved, 
he bought other land in Jefferson Township. 
Building a log cabin for a dwelling for his family, 
he engaged in farming and stock-raising at that 
point until 1874. In that year he came to Holton, 
and has made his home here continuously since. 
In tiie fall of 1873 he was elected County Treas- 
urer, and so well did his .administration of the 
finances please his fellow-citizens that they re- 
elected him to that responsilile office in 1875. 
When his term expired he resumed farming, and 
carried on agricultural ]3ursuits very extensive!}' 
for four or five years, and he is still the proprie- 
tor of 1,500 acres of choice land in Pottawatomie 
County. In 1883 Mr. Allen established a bank at 
Olshurg, which is now owned and man.nged by his 
eldest son. In 1884 he bought an interest in the 
Exchange Bank, of Holton, and has otliciated as 
cashier of that institution since then. 

Mr. Allen's marriage with Miss Mary E. Patten 
was consummated July 11, 1858, and they still 
preserve the certificate, which is in the handwriting 
of the gentleman who performed the ceremony. 
Mrs. Allen is a native of Mrginia, and a daughter 
of Calvin and Maria Jane (Thornburg) Patten, na- 
tives respectively of ^'irgiuia and Tennessee. They 

were pioneers in that part of Missouri known as the 
Platte Purchase. The father died there in 1856, 
and the mother subsequently came to the Territory 
of Kansas, and was a pioneer of Jackson County. 
Elleven children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Allen, as follows: Emma, wife of M. W. Keller, of 
Junction City; Edward M. and William W. are en- 
gaged in the banking and real estate business in 
Olsburg; Augusta J., wife of Dr. J. S. Spangler, 
of AV'^estmorelaud ; John B., who is in the drug 
business at Westmoreland; Mary A.. George, Ida, 
Otto G., Nellie C. and Jessie. 

Mr. Allen has met with more than ordinary' suc- 
cess in life as the result of his keen, far-seeing 
judgment in regard to business matters, and the 
careful and judicious management of his affairs. 
We have seen that he has held the important office 
of County Treasurer, and so conducted the finances 
of the county as to receive the high compliment 
of re election at the hands of his fellow-citizens. 
He and his wife occupy a high position in their 
community, and by their consistent Ciiristian lives 
prove themselves worthy members of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church. In his political views Mr. 
Allen is a decided Republican. 

-~vv,-»*i2i2j2,-®-5S^ i 


f^s^ IMEON DEARIN, the leading furniture 
^^^ dealer of Wamego, is rated as a first-class 
(il/Jl) citizen, reliable and wide-awake to the best 
interests of the community. He keeps 
abreast of the times on all questions of general in- 
terest and has contributed in no small degree to the 
building up of the town in which he has invested 
his capital and where he has s|icnt the best j-ears 
of his life. His present business building was 
erected in 1883, after Mr. Dearin had associated 
himself in partnership with Mr. August Lucke, of 
whom Mr. Dearin purchased the business a month 
prior to his decease. 

The offspring of old American stock, Mr. Dearin 
was born in La Grange, Dutchess Co., N. Y., Oct. 
23, 1835, and is the son of Simeon, Sr., and Hester 
(Vanderbilt) Dearin, likewise natives of that county 
and the father a farmer l)y occupatiiin. The par- 
ents were married in their native State and resided 



thereuntil 1848. Then emigrating to Michigan 
they located first in .Jackson County, and then re- 
moved to Lansing where they sojourned four years. 
Returning then to Jackson County they died there, 
the mother in 1853 and the father in 1861. Their 
remains were laid to rest in the cemetery at Parma. 
There had been born to them ten children, six of 
whom are living. Simeon accompanied the family 
to Michigan and at the age of sixteen years began 
his apprenticeship at cabinet-making, at which he 
served four years under D. W. Buck, of Lansing. 
The trade in those days was much more arduous 
than at the present, the work all being done by 
hand. Young Dearin remained in the emploj' of 
Mr. Buck until 18.57. The following year, cross- 
ing the Mississippi, he made a trip through the 
State of Iowa and in the meantime became " dead 
broke" the first and the last time in his life. He, 
however, managed to overcome this difflculty and 
in the spring of 1857 visited his old home in New 
York State. A few months later, returning West, 
he emigrated to Kansas City, Mo., and remained 
tliere until October, 1860. Thence lie returned to 
Lansing, Mich., and began working for his old em- 
plo^'er, with whom he continued until February, 

Next we find Mr. Dearin again in Kansas City 
wliere he remained until August of tlie year above 
mentioned, and then coming to Louisville. Kan., he 
engaged at millwrighting until the fall of 1871. 
That year, establishing himself at Wamego, he be- 
gan making contracts for work and was tlius oc- 
cupied until 1883. after which his movements have 
been already indicated. On the 1st of October, 
1860, at the bride's home in Spring Hill, Kan., Mr. 
Dearin was wedded to Miss Alice A. Stiles. Beckes 
Stiles, the father of Mrs. Dearin, came to Kansas 
about 1860 and settling in Miami Count}', engaged 
in farming. He departed this life in 1865. The 
mother survived her husband for a period of 
twenty-four years, remaining a widow and d3ing 
at the home of her son-in-law at Spring Hill, in 
1889. The household circle was com|)leted by the 
birth of nine chiklren, six of whom are living. 

Mrs. Dearin was born in Vermont, Sept. 6, 1841. 
Iler early life passed quietly and uneventfully un- 
der the home roof, she in the meantime attending 

the common school and under the instruction of a 
careful mother becoming versed in all useful house- 
hold duties. Her union with our subject resulted 
in the birth of four children, only three of whom 
are living. Carrie is the wife of S. A. Preshaw, a 
resident of Salina, this State, and they have one 
child; iMaj' and Willie are at home with their par- 
ents. Mr. Dearin votes the straight Republican 
ticket and takes a warm interest in the political 
questions of the daj'. While in Louisville he repre- 
sented his ward in the City Council and has also 
been an Alderman in AYamego. He keeps himself 
posted upon the leading topics of the da}' and is in 
sympathy with the A. O. U. W., of which he is an 
honored member. 

'^•*<^^-^ttt^^-*^ «- 

i, ROF. E. J. HOENSHEL, A. M., President 
of Campbell University, Holton, a man 
of great native talent and marked force of 
character, is winning for himself an honor- 
able place among the leading educato.'"s of Kansas 
altLough he has been a resident of this State but a 
short time. Under his able and vigorous manage- 
ment, the University is growing in power and is 
yearly increasing its enrollment of i)U|)ils anxious 
to take advantage of its fine and well selected 
courses of studj-, and it is justly recognized as one 
of the best of our normal institutions in this part 
of the West. 

The birthplace of our subject was in Westmore- 
land County, Pa., and Oct. 24, 1846, the date of his 
birth. His father, George Hoenshel, and his grand- 
father, John Hoenshel, were n.atives of the same 
county, the latter being of German parentage, and 
spending his entire life where he was born, in his 
manliood engaging in agricultural pursuits. He 
and his wife were devoted Christians and devout 
members of the Lutheran Chui'ch, and reared their 
children in that faith. Her maiden name was Su- 
sanna Hartman, and she was also of German parent- 
age, and was a native of Westmoreland County. 

Tiie f.ather of our subject was l)red to the life of 
a farmer, and devoted his time principally to that 
occup.ation, although he also learned the carpen- 
ter's trade and was frequently engaged at that. He 



is a veteran of the late war, in which he served 
with credit for nine months as a member of Com- 
pany F, ICSth Pennsylvania Infantry. He is still 
an honored resident of the county of his nativity. 
The maiden name of his wife was Mary Smulz, and 
slie was a native of Fayette County, Pa. Her fa- 
ther, David Sniutz, was born in Maryland of pure 
German ancestry. He removed to Fayette County, 
Pa., and followed agriculUue there. Mrs. Iloenshel 
is a Free Will Baptist, liaving been brouglit up in 
that belief. 

Prof. Hocnshel is the eldest of twelve children. 
In his earl>' years he assisted his fatlier in the labors 
of the farm when he was not laying the foundation 
of his education in the district school, where he 
pursued his studies diligently. An ambitious, self- 
reliant lad, at the age of seventeen years he went 
out into the world to see something of life and to 
fight its battles alone and unaided from that time 
forth. He walked from his home in Westmoreland 
County to Coshocton County, Ohio, a distance of 
many miles, and there sought and found employ- 
ment on a farm, and in winter attended school. In 
the sining of 1865 he went to Grundy County, 
III., and worked as a farm laborer that summer, 
and in the winter of 18Gr)-'6G utilized his education 
by teaching a district school. He still continued 
his studies, and in June, 18G6, went to Ilillsboro, 
Henry Co., Iowa, and attended an excellent school 
there two months. After that he worked on a farm 
till fall, and then taught school one year in Van 
Burcn County. In the fall of 18G7 he returned 
to his native Pennsylvania, and was engaged in 
teaching in Westmoreland County one year. At 
the expiration of that time he again made his way 
to Iowa, and in the fall became a student in the 
Home Academy, at Mt. Pleasant, taught by Prof. 
S. L. Howe. He pursued a fijic course of study, by 
which he greatly benefited during his three 
months' stay in that institution. He then accepted 
the position of Principal of the City Schools of 
Birmingham, Iowa, remaining there three years, in- 
troiUicing many excellent methods of leaching, 
and leaving a favorable impression as a progressive 
educator. At the expiration of that time he was 
called to a similar position as Superintendent of 
the City Schools of Augusta, 111., which otlice he 

held five years, doing good and conscientious work, 
and giving general satisfaction to all concerned. 
From there he went to Tuscola, III, and was Su- 
perintendent of City Schools there three years, and 
then served in the same capacity in Charleston, 111., 
for nine years. He received the degree of A. M. 
pro merito from the Illinois Wesleyan University in 

During his entire experience at the head of these 
various schools, Prof. Iloenshel was an earnest stu- 
dent of the best methods of instruction as pro- 
mulgated by our most learned educators, and kept 
fully abreast of the times in all literary matters, 
and thus when he came to Kansas in 1888 he was 
ampl}^ fitted for the responsible and high office that 
he then took upon himself as the head of an insti- 
tution maintained for the purposes for which 
Campbell University was founded. He leased the 
university for a period of nineteen years and im- 
mediately entered upon its management. Ever a 
diligent and enthusiastic student himself, the Pro- 
fessor is eminently gifted with the rare talent of 
drawing out what is best in his pupils, exciting 
their interest in their studies, and his influence has 
inspired and strengthened many in their efforts for 
better culture. His executive ability is well illus- 
trated by what he has done to raise the standard of 
the University, and bring to it so large a number 
of bright scholars. 

In this connection a few words in regard to tiie 
school and its work will not be inappropriate. 
Campbell University opened Sept. 1, 1882, with 
thirty-two students. Last year the enrollment 
reached 518, and the facilities for learning have 
been greatly augmented. It has no endowment, 
receives no assistance from church or State, but 
depends entirely on tuition fees for success. It must 
do good work or fail. And we will venture to as- 
sert that under Prof." Hoenshel's wise tactics and 
wholesome rule it cannot but succeed. It has a full 
corps of competent instructors in every depart- 
ment of learning, and the courses of study aie 
longer and more thorough than those of any other 
Normal School in the United States, and the institu- 
tion is empowered to confer all the usual acade- 
mic and collegiate degrees. All the v.arious branches 
that constitute a liberal education are taught 



within its walls, and while the classics, arts and 
sciences receive due shave of attention, the students 
are thorouo;hly instructed in the common English 
studies and in all that goes to tit one for a business 

Prof. Hoenshel and Miss Abbie Moss were uni- 
ted in marriage in 1872, and three children have 
been born to them : George, Ernest and Charles L. 
Mrs. Hoenshel is a native of Birmingham, Iowa, 
and a daughter of Charles L. and Anna (Barnes) 
Moss. The name is spelled by other members of 
the famil}-, Morse, and they have a common ancestrj- 
with Prof. Morse, the great inventor of telegraphj-. 
The Professor and his wife are members of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, he having connected 
himself with that denomination in 1870, and they 
have the religious welfare of the community at 


full quota to the population and develop- 
ment of the Great West. Her sons have been found 
almost uniformly thrifty and industrious, and some 
of the finest farms in Pottawatomie County have 
been opened up by them from the primitive soil. 
The subject of this sketch, one of the leading farm- 
ers of Clear Creek Township, was born in County 
Kerry, Jan. 18, 184,5, and is the son of Mortimer 
and Ellen (Carroll) O'Conner. The father was 
likewise a native of County Kerry, and was for 
many years engaged successfuUj' as a merchant in 
the old country. He came to America in 1878, 
and settled in Kansas with his son, our subject, and 
died in Pottawatomie County in 1888, in the sixty- 
eighth year of his age. The mother is still living, 
and makes her home with her son Thomas. 

The parents of Mr. O'Conner had a family of 
six children, only two of whom are living — Mary, 
the wife of Daniel Heffarman, of Peabody, Mass., 
and Thomas, our subject. The latter was eighteen 
years old when emigrating to America, and settled 
in Peabod^'^, Mass., where for fifteen years he was 
engaged in teaming and as a currier. In the mean- 
time he was married, and Laving become the head 

of a family was anxious to provide for his chil- 
dren in a manner better than he could do in the 
older States. Accordingly, in 1878, he set out for 
Kansas, and upon his arrival in Pottawatomie 
Count}', purchased the west half of the northeast 
quarter of section 21, in Clear Creek Township, 
whereon he has effected the usual improvements, 
and of which he still retains possession. He has a 
good story and a half house, a large barn, and the 
other necessary buildings. Most of the land 
been brought to a [good state of cultivation, and 
besides this Mr. O'Conner owns eighty acres else- 
where on the same section, and the same amount 
on section 22. He keeps large numbers of live 
slock, and is usually successful as a grain-raiser, 
and with other crops. 

Mr. O'Conner was married, in Peabody, Mass., 
in June, 1872, to Miss Honora Cummings. Mrs. 
O'Conner is likewise a native of Count}' Kerry, 
Ireland, and is now the mother of nine children, 
viz. : Nellie, Mortimer, Richard, Honora, Thomas, 
Mary. John, Edward and Bessie. Mr. O'Conner 
takes an active interest in the establishment and 
maintenance of schools, and is Clerk of the Board 
in District No. 74. Both he and his estimable wife 
are devout members of the Catliolic Church. They 
have pleasant home surroundings, and are held in 
high esteem by their neighbors. 


ANIEL MILLER. The farm property of 
\\ JNIr. Miller, who is a first-class agricultur- 

ist, comprises 300 acres of [choice land, 
finel}' located on section 13, Franklin 
Township. Here he has expended much time, 
labor and hard cash in bringing the soil to a good 
state of cultivation, and erecting the necessar}' 
buildings. He has always had abundant faith in 
the future of Kansas, and while man}' liave been 
coming and going, he has maintained his residence 
here since the spring of 1870, and appearances 
would indicate that he has put in his time to good 

Mr. Miller was born in Muskingum C'ouniy, 
Ohio, March 18, 1830. He spent the years of his 
childhood and youth in the place of his birth, ac- 



quiring liis education in the district school, and 
becoming familiar with farming pursuits. Daring 
the Civil War be was a member of Company E, 
ICOth Ohio Infantry, with the 100-days" men, l)ut 
was never called into active service. 

After the close of the war Mr. Jliller, leaving 
Ohio, crossed the Mississippi into Iowa County, 
Iowa, where he engaged in farming five years. 
>Ye next find him located on a part of the land 
which he now owns and occupies. He brought 
with him his wife and famil.y, having been married, 
in Muskingum County, Ohio. Oct. 1, 1857, to Miss 
Keziah Bradford. This lady became the mother 
of elevmi children, and departed this life at her 
home in Franklin Townsliip, in August, 1883. The 
sons and daughter of Mr. Miller are named re- 
spectively : William D., Mary E., John W., jMaria, 
Susan M., Charles W., Martha J., Kva M. and 
Harry V. Two died in infancy. 

The present wife of our subject, to whom he 
was married in Coshocton County, Ohio, in 1884, 
was formerly Miss Nancy E. Underwood. She was 
born Feb. 8, 1855, in Ohio, and is the daughter of 
Lewis and Lucy A. Underwood, the mother being 
deceased. Of this union there has been born one 
child — Alice M. Mr. Miller, politically, is a 
straight Republican, and belongs to the Baptist 

— -m^i- — ' 

^^EOKGE MOIILER. The city of St. Mary's 
[|[ ,— J is noticeable for its large number of stirring 
'^iSl business men in the prime of life, man}' of 
them having scared}' attained to the age of forty 
years. They have been almost uniformly the sons 
of self-made men, who in their youth were trained 
to habits of industry and imbued with those princi- 
ples of honor which have made of them solid 
building stones in the social structure, and inti- 
mately identified with the growth and prosperity 
of the place which they have chosen for their home 
and the investment of their capital. 

Mr. Mohler was born in Cumberland Conntj^, 
Pa., Nov. 28, 1849, in the vicinity of Boiling 
Springs, where he lived until a youth of eighteen 
years. In the meantime he attended the common 
school, mostly during the winter season, and when 

forming his plans for the future he finally decided 
to seek a country beyond tha Mississippi. Accord- 
ingly, in 1868, he came to Kansas, sojourning tlie 
first year in Topekaand employing himself at what- 
ever he could find to do. In April, 1868, he 
changed the held of his operations to St. Mary's, 
and after working in a Inmbei'-yard one month se- 
cured a job as general liel])er at the depot. He 
saved what he could of his earnings, and a year 
later purchased a team of cheap horses and a dray, 
and did general hauling for about four years. He 
then sold out the business which he had thus built 
up, and renting the toll-bridge across the Kaw 
River, attended to the business connected therewith 
about two years. 

At the expiration of this time Mr. Mohler re- 
turned to St. Mary's and opened up a little grocery 
store. Two years later he admitted a partner to 
the business, and they put in a slock of general 
merchandise, continuing together in trade about 
four years. Tlie partner, Mr. A. B. Pool, in the 
meantime had purchased a ranch of 300 acres in 
Kaw Township, A^abaunsee County, and the two 
dissolved partnership, Mr. Mohler taking the ranch 
and Mr. Pool the stock of merchandise. 

Mr. Mohler now removed to the ranch and 
lived there five years, dealing chiefly in cattle. In 
November, 1885, he returned to St. Mary's and 
purchased a stock of groceries, re-entering the 
marts of trade, in which he continued until Janu- 
uary, 1888. Tiicn selling out he purchased his 
present business, and lias since dealt extensively in 
dry-goods, clothing and general merchandise of 
this description. He carries a stock of from 
110,000 to $12,000, and is in tlie enjoyment of a 
lucrative trade. He still owns the ranch, which is 
now well improved, having upon it three frame 
houses, together with other necessary buildings 
and tlie requisite farm machinery. It is consid- 
ered one of the finest estates in this part of 
Mr. Mohler has been prominent in local affairs, 
serving as Township Assessor two terms, and he 
has also been a member of the City Council. In 
politics he supports the principles of the Republi- 
can party. 

The 8th of September, 1875, marked an interest- 
ing period in the life of Mr. Mohler, as he was at 



that date married in Pottawatomie County, to Miss 
Mary E., daugiiter of Hyniaii and Catheriue 
(Funk) Hallock. Mrs. Mohler was born in Story 
Count}-, Iowa, in 1853, and lier parents were na- 
tives respeetivel}' of Madison Count}% Oliio. and 
the vioinity of Baltimore, Md. The mother re- 
moved with her jjarents to the Buekeye State when 
a mere child. She was the daughter of Henry and 
Harriet E. (Smice) Funk, who after the marriage 
of their daughter in Ohio, removed first to Illinois, 
and from there to Iowa. In 18G8 they came to 
Kansas, and the father homesteaded a tract of land 
in Lincoln Township. Pottawatomie County, where 
he opened up a good farm, where he and his wife 
still live. The maternal grandparents of Mrs. 
Mohler came to Kansas quite late in life, and died 
when ripe in years. 

To Mr. and Jlrs. Mohler there have been born 
seven children — George W., Lillian F., Selby H., 
Henry S., Lulu J., Norton H., and Jessie D. (the 
latter of whom died when ten months old). Mr. 
Mohler is a member in good standing of Pottawat- 
omie Lodge, No. i)-2. A. F. & A. M., while he and 
his estimable wife belong to the Congregational 

— — ^ • >M:N< - < ■ - — 

l\ ICHAEL HOFERER, a wealthy and in- 
1^ fluential resident of Pottawatomie County 
I' and occupant of one of the finest residen- 
ces in Wamego Township, was an active 
participant in the tr3Mng scenes connected with the 
Anti and Pro-slavery contest which earned for 
Kansas the name of " The Bloody Ground." The 
sturd}- perseverance, habits of thrift and industry, 
and strong determination of the German character, 
are exemplified in his life, ard he has won merited 
success in the estimation of his fellow men and in 
financial prosperity. 

The father of our subject was Michael Hoferer, 
a native of Baden, Germany and a wheelwright by 
trade. His mother was Catherine (Fouchs) Hoferer, 
a native of Alsace, which was the home of tlie 
couple during their entire married lives. The 
lather died in August, 18G3, and the mother Feb. 
2, 1885. They were the parents of eight children, 

of whom our subject is the eldest. He was born 

April 8, 1828, in Alsace, and was well educated in 
both German and French. At the age of fourteen 
he began to learn the trade of a carpenter and mill- 
wrigiit, and finished the same in the Fatherland. 

AVhen about twentj^-six \-ears old, Mr. Hoferer 
determined to tr}' his fortunes in America, and 
crossing the Atlantic landed in the metropolis, 
whence he went to Ohio, in which Slate he remained 
about a j'ear. He then spent several months in 
New Orleans, returning to the Buckej^e State and 
making his home in Hamilton, Butler County, until 
February', 1857, when he became a citizen of Kan- 
sas. The da}' after lie reached Leavenworth he 
helped to elect the first Free Soil Town Council. 
He also voted for the Wyandotte Constitutional 
Convention, and iu November cast his vote against 
the Lecompton Convention. During all the bor- 
der troubles he was a partisan of the .A.ntislavery 
side, and to the best of his abilit}- served the cause 
of freedom. He made one of a part}' of about 
twenty-five men who went to Kickapoo and cap- 
tured a cannon, which they brought back to 

After spending about two years and a half in 
Leavenworth, Mr. Hoferer came to this county and 
settled on a piece of Government land which is 
now owned by Mr. Schotz. But four white fam- 
ilies were then settled near AYamego, and the Pot- 
tawatomie Indians at that time and for several 
years following lived here. In the fall of 1861, 
Mr. Hoferer moved to the place which he now oc- 
cupies on section 1, where he owns 435 .acres of 
finely improved land. Of this acreage. 380 is un- 
der the plow and seventy of the same is devoted to 
the r.aising of wheat. Mr. Hoferer has twenty-two 
horses, 110 head of cattle and forty head of hogs 
at this writing. His beautiful residence was built 
in 1886 at a cost of $2,000, and the other buildings 
upon the estate include all necessary outhouses, 
well built and sufficiently commodious. 

The first marriage of our subject took place Sept. 
5. 1861. the bride being Miss JIary Derosier, a na- 
tive of this Territory and one of the Pottawatomie 
maidens, who had been well educated and trained 
to tiie arts of civilization at St. Mary's Mission 
Schools. Upon his marriage Mr. Hoferer was 



adopterl into the tribe, and Ihroiigh his wife he and 
ills children became entitled to land in the Indian 
Teiiitoi'i', 1200 acres now being held bj' them. 
Mrs. Hoferer died in November, 1869, having 
borne her husband three children. Michael J. en- 
tered the priesthood of the Catholic Church and is 
now a teacher in Marquette College at Milwaukee, 
Wis. Mar}- is the wife of Frank Schrooffer, and 
lives east of Wamego; their family' comprises four 
children. Catherine is the wife of Gerald Caruth- 
crs and their home is in .San Antonio, Tex. 

The second matrimonial alliance of Mr. Hoferer 
was consummated Feb. 6, 1871, and the bride was 
Miss Barbara Schroeffer, a native of Austria, where 
her e^-es opened to the light Feb. 6, 1848. This 
estimable lady acquired a good education in the 
common schools. The union lias resulted in the 
Ijirth of five children: Annie. August, Charles, 
Carolina and Aloyse. 

Both Jlr. Hoferer and his present wife are mem- 
bers of the Catholic Church. Mr. Hoferer is now 
a director of School District No. 79, and has been 
connected with the School Board for many years. 
He has always taken a great interest in politics and 
from being a Free Soiler during his early citizen- 
ship in the United States, was for manj- years iden- 
tified with the Republican party. At present he is 
a strong advocate of the platform of the Union 
Labor party. 


MARTIN THOMPSON. A visit to St. 
Mary's, Pottawatomie Count}-, and a trip 
through its business establishments, shows 
much to admire in buildings, stock and 
man.agement, and the business enterprise of its 
citizens is noticeable and commendable. Among 
these business enterprises, none is better worthy of 
mention than the milling establishment of Messrs. 
Thompson it .Tenner. A substantiallj- constructed 
frame building, with all the modern machiner}- for 
a first-class flouring-mill, and with a capacitj- of 
about seventy barrels per da}-, is, under the excel- 
lent raanagemenl of our subject and his partner, 
being tested to its full capacity, and already prov- 
ing one of the most successful enterprises in the 
cit}-. The building erected in 1889, and work 

therein Iiegun on October 4th. Mr. Thompson is 
a practical miller, having learnetl his trade in Chi- 
cago, and worked at it in that city for a number of 
years, afterward spending four years in the same 
business at Atchison, Kan., an equal length of time 
at Rosswell, and having since about the }-ear 1877 
been employed at his trade in this cit\-. 

Mr. Thompson h,as seen more of the world than 
most men, his early life being passed mostly at 
sea. and his voyages including man}- ports in var- 
ious parts of Europe and America. He was born 
on the Atlantic Ocean, about 220 miles off St. 
John's, N. S., June 26, 1839. His father, Henry 
Thompson, was from early boyhood a seafarer, 
and his wife spent much of her time at sea with 
him. At the time of the birth of our subject she 
had been on an eighteen months' voyage. The 
parental family comprised nine children, two of 
them having been born at sea — Charles and our 
subject. The mother bore the maiden name of 
of Mary O'Neal, and was a native of Hull, England, 
to which place the father retired about ten years 
years before his death, which event took place 
there Aug. 6, 1864, when he was almost eighty-nine 
years old. There the mother also died about the year 
1869. .aged eighty-four years. Henry Thompson, 
the grandfather of our subject, spent the most of 
his life also as a sailor. He was probably born in 
London, and the ancestry is traced to Belfast, Ire- 
land. The paternal ancestors were all members of 
the Lutheran Church. The maternal grandfather 
of our subject was born in England, and traced his 
descent from the North of Ireland, and this famil\- 
were Presbyterians. 

The boyhood of our subject was spent in Hull, 
during his school days, and he afterward went to 
sea with his father, passing about fourteen years of 
his life as a seaman. He made many trips to the 
United States and Canada, and also visited every 
part of the Atlantic ocean, as well as sailing through 
the Black Sea. Almost all the ports of Europe 
were visited by him, and he gained an excellent 
knowledge of the manner of life in various parts of 
the world. In the sjiring of 1857, he abandoned 
the seafaring life, and became a citizen of tlie 
United States, his business life from that time hav- 
ing been as noted above. 



Mr. Thompson Tv'as married at Lawrence to Miss 

Sulia, daughter of Jolm Estus, a native of Frank- 
fort, Ky.. and a lady of many womanly virtues and 
C'lristian graces. They liave one son. AValter 11. 
Mr. Thompson was reared to a belief in the tenets 
of the Presbyterian Churcli. while his wife belongs 
to the Baptist denomination. 

-> "I ' S^l ' s • ! '••" — ' 

•^^LBERT D. SMITH, M.D., a leading young 
i@/u| physician and surgeon of Wamego, not 

.'// I* oidy occupies a high position among his 
1^ professional brethren, hut socially is one of 

the prominent citizens of his town. Intelligent 
and well-informed, he is a buyer of books, and is 
not only tboroughl3' posted in the matters pertain- 
ing to his profession, but is a reader and thinker 
general!}' of no mean talents. He is prominentl}' 
connected with the Kansas State Medical Society, 
and the Pottawatomie County Medical Society, 
being in the latter, one of the committee on sur- 
gery. He is President of the Board of Pension 
Examiners, is a member of the I. (). O. F., at 
"Wamego, and also connected with the A. O. L. W 
In politics, he is a sound Republican. 

Dr. Smith was born in Jefferson County, Ind., 
Julj' 12. 1855, and is the sou of Milton L. and 
Martha .). (Deputy) Smith, who were likewise na- 
tives of the Hoosier State. There also they were 
married, and of that State are still residents. Mil- 
ton Smith has been an active man in local politics 
for many years. The parental family included two 
children onh": Marj' E. and Albert D., the for- 
mer the wife of Dr. T. R. Cave, of Bird City, Kan.; 
they have four children. 

The subject of this sketch received his earlj- 
education in his native State, and when twenty- 
two years old entered the University at Louisville, 
Kj'., where he took a full medical course, and from 
whicii he was graduated with honors in 1881, in a 
class of 263 students. He entered upon the practice 
of his profession in Gentry Count}-, Mo., where he 
resided four years. In May, 1885, coming to 
Kansas, he established himself at Wamego, and 
made such good headwa}' in his profession that the 
following year he was appointed Assistant Sur- 

geon of the Union Pacific Railway Company, which 
position he has since held. 

The marriage of Dr. Smith with Miss Narra E., 
daughter of Alexander Robinson, of Scott County, 
Ind., was celebrated at the bride's home April 27, 
1881. The parents of Mrs. Smith were natives of 
Indiana, and are now deceased. She was born in 
Scott County. Ind., Dec. 11, 1859. and received a 
fair education in the common schools, remaining 
with her parents until her marriage. Of this union 
tliere have been born two children — Ronald R., 
Aug. 26. 1882, and Guy E., Aug. 20, 1884. 



WAN ANDERSON. This gentleman is 
the honored pastor of the Swedish Mission 
Church at Balla Guard, and is also a suc- 
cessful grain and stock raiser of Pottawa- 
tomie County. His pleasant and well-improved 
farm comprises 200 acres, and is located on sec- 
tions 35 and 36, Blue Valley Township. It is 
fenced into jjastures of convenient size, and sup- 
plied with an abundance of water and timber, be- 
ing especially valuable as a stock range. Mr. 
Anderson also owns a small farm in Jackson Town- 
ship, Riley Count}', which he rented upon becoming 
pastor at Balla Guard in 1884. In his ministerial 
labors the Rev. Mr. Anderson not only presents to 
his flock the precepts of the Gospel, but sets before 
them a worthy example of a "godly walk and con- 
versation," and in his quiet w.ay exerts an extended 
influence for good. 

Andrew Nelson, the father of our subject, was 
born in Sweden, and was a farmer in good circum- 
stances. His death took place in his native land 
Nov. 9, 1862, he being then fifty years of age. 
The mother, also a native of Sweden, bore the 
maiden name of Ingeborg Larson, and she passed 
from earth in 1887. Both parents were members 
of the Lutheran Church. Their family consisted 
of three sons and one daughter, the latter, Jennie, 
being now deceased; Jonas and Gustav are farmers 
in their native land. 

Swan Anderson was the oldest in the parental 
family, and was bom in Markarydsokn, Kronebor- 
slan, Smaaland, Sweden, Aug. 5, 1844. His school 



privileges during bis boyhood, were rather limited, 
but with a desire for inforni.ation, he improved 
every adv.antage afforded him, and while princi- 
pally self-educated, possesses greater knowledge 
tlian many whose schooling was more extended 
than his own. Having reached the years of man- 
hood, Mr. Anderson purchased a farm, and fol- 
lowed agriculture until 1819, when selling his 
property in his native land, he embarked for Amer- 
ica. On June 6, he left Malmo for Quebec via 
Copenhagen and Liverpool, and crossing into the 
United States, went at once to Chicago, where he 
arrived out of funds. Securing work in a brick- 
yard in McMcnrj- County. III., he labored tliere 
until Xovember, and then went to Memphis, Tenn., 
via St. Louis, Mo., and during the winter was em- 
ployed in cutting barrel staves near Brownsville. 
In the spring he rented land and raised cotton, and 
a 3ear later changed his location to Boone Count}-, 
Mo., where he chopped timber and prepared rail- 
road ties. There he remained until the fall of 
1874, when he entered the Swedish College at Keo- 
kuk, Iowa, and for a year devoted his energy to the 
study of theology, etc. 

Mr. Anderson remained in tlie vicinity of his 
Alma Mater, working at various trades, and preach- 
ing some, until the spring of 1877, when he became 
a resident of this Stale, his first location being in 
Rock Township, Marshall County, where he worked 
upon a farm. In December of the following year 
he came to Randolph, Riley County, and purchased 
fort}' acres of land in Jackson Township, upon 
which he made the usual improvements, and which 
he operated, also having charge as pastor of the 
Swedish Mission Church at Randol)3h, until his re- 
moval to the place which he now occupies, and 
which he purchased upon accepting the i)astorate 
of the Balla Guard Church. Beside his duties as 
pastor of the congregation and in connection with 
them, Mr. Anderson has acted as superintendent 
of the Sunday -school. In politics he is a true Re- 

Mr. Anderson was married in his native land 
in the year 1865, to Miss Anna Larson, who was a 
native of the same country, and who was removed 
from the famil}' circle by deatli in Marshall County, 
Kan., in 1878. The union had residted in the 

birth of one daughter. Lottie M., who still lives at 
iionie. After remaining a widower for several 
years, our subject contracted a second matrimonial 
alliance, the ceremony taking place at Randolph, 
Iviley County, April .5, 1884, and the bride being 
Miss Emma C. .Swanson, who was born in Linkop- 
ingslan, Sweden, and who came to America in I 881. 
Two daughters, Esther A., and Alice E., have been 
born to this unif)n. 

■^InVjENGT BERG, Superintendent of the Or- 
, phans' Home in Blue Valley Township, Pot- 
tawatomie County. holds a high rank in the 
esteem of his fellow-men as one who pos- 
sesses a character above reproach, a kindly nature, 
and a wide knowledge of men and affaiis. He is a 
Swede and a son of Andrew and Eliza (Nelson) 
Berg. His father was born in Veseherad, Varm- 
land, Sweden, and when a young man learned the 
blacksmith and carpenter's trades, working at them 
on a large estate. Later he was engaged in mining 
iron ore, and in 1870 came to McPherson County, 
Kan., and resided with his children until his death. 
The mother was born in Nodmark Soken, Yarm- 
land, Sweden, and after coming to America resided 
with one of her sons in McPherson Count}-. In 
1882, she was bitten by a rattlesnake and died of 
the wound sixteen hours laler. She was the motlier 
of four children: Nels, a farmer in McPherson 
County; Bengt, of whom we write; Christine, now 
Mrs. Highland, of McPherson County, and Joanna, 
who died when two years old. 

The subject of this biography was born near 
I'hilipstad, Varmland, Sweden, June 13, 1839, and 
received the advantages of the common schools 
during his early boyhood. When twelve years old 
he began w-orking in the mines, helping his father 
in drilling and blasting out ore 600 feet below the 
the surface. He labored in the mines there until 
the year 1866. when he went to Karra Island off 
the coast of Norway, and found employment in the 
copper mines there, which were owned by a French- 
man. Mr. Berg dul well and made money, sending 
the most of it home to assist his [larents in paying 
for a small place which they had i)ureliased. From 



Karm he went to Varrets Island, in Harilonger 
Fjoi-'l. wliere he was also engaged in mining, talc- 
ing out sulphur and copper ores in the Verdigris 
mines, which were owned by an Elnglish company. 

In the spring of 1869 Mr. Berg went to Bergen, 
thence by steamer to Newcastle, England, by rail to 
Liverpool, and thence on the steamer '-Austria" 
traversed the briny deep, landing at Quebec, Can- 
ada, after an ocean voyage of ten days. He went 
at once to Moingona, Iowa, via Chicago, having 
just ^l left wlien he reached his destination in the 
Hawkeye State. He spent two weeks in the employ 
of the railroad as a section hand, and then went to 
Benton County, working as a harvest hand during 
the summer, and in the fall coming to Kansas 
Having reached S.alina, he journeyed on foot from 
that town to where Lynnsburg now stands, and re- 
mained in the vicinity a month, then beginning 
work on the railroad at Brockville. 

Mr. Berg filed on a homestead claim in McPher- 
son County, six miles from Lynnsburg, in the 
spring of 1870, and putting up a sod house entered 
upon the life of a farmer, being obliged, however, 
to work outside to obtain money with which to 
improve his farm. For about two years and a half 
he mined coal at Carbondale, Osage County, 
and then takinj^; up his permanent abode on his 
homestead, turned his whole attention to agricul- 
ture, and brought his place to a high state of culti- 
vation. I'pon receiving the appointment to the 
position he now holds, he sold his farm in jNIcPher- 
son County, and now owns 10.5 acres of land 
adjoining Olsbnrg. 

When the Lutheran Evangelical Conference of 
Kansas began the organization of the Orphans' 
Home, Mr. Berg received the appointment of Su- 
perintendent, and six months later, in l^ecember, 
1880, took charge of the Institution. He and his 
amiable wife having charge of everything con- 
nected therewith. The farm adjoining the Home 
consists of 282 acres, bordering on the Blue, one- 
half of it being excellent farming land. The 
buildings are located on Shannon Creek, the main 
edifice being four stories high with a ground di- 
mension of 40x40 feet. Under the intelligent 
control of Mr. and Mrs. Berg, everything about 
the institution is in good shape and the work there 

conducted is an honor to Pottawatomie County. 
Thirty-four orphans from various States have their 
bodily wants supplied and their minds and hearts 
cultivated in the institution, the present Board of 
Directors of which are: John Aronson, Charles 
Swanson, G. O. Maxell, Rev. .John Seline, Rev. 
John Halkom, -John Honiberg and Rev. John Bon- 
ander. The inmates are now attending the district 
school, but it is the intention of the Directors to 
employ a teacher and start a school for them in the 
near future. 

The wife of Mr. Berg bore the maiden name of 
Miss Anna Pearson, and she was born in Upland, 
Sweden, coming to America in 1872, with her 
father, Andrew Pearson, who is a prominent farmer 
in MePherson County. The rites of wedlock 
between Mr. and Mrs. Berg, were celebrated in 
Lynnsburg, Feb. 16, 187G. They have no children 
of their own, and the love and care which in other 
circumstances would have been bestowed upon their 
own offspring, are now given to the children who 
might otherwise he homeless and friendless, and 
who are made to miss parental training and affec- 
tion as little as possible. 

Mr. Berg is not onl}' doing good work for his 
church at the head of the Institution, but also 
serves as a De.acon and Superintendent of the Sun- 
day-school. In politics he is faithful to the inter- 
ests of the Republican i)arty and as a citizen is 
intelligent and enterprising. 

K. ISIDORE ALBERT, a leading physi- 
cian and surgeon of (Jlsburg, Pottawato- 
(fi^^ niie County, although having only recently 
located at this place, has .already made for 
himself many friends. He possesses a classical 
education and a thorough understanding of his 
profession, and it is predicted that in the near fu- 
ture he will reap the success to which he is entitled. 
Within the dominion of the Czar of all the Rus- 
sias. Dr. Albert was born, near the city of Warsaw, 
xVpril 23. 1841, and was the second in a famil}- of 
three children, the offspring of Bertliold and Anna 
(.\lbert) Albert, who were of German ancestry, 
and the father born in the Fatherland. The elder 



Albert, after being engaged in tlie timber husiuess 
on the liiver Memel, renioved to the vicinity of 
Warsaw, ami was occupied as before until failing 
healtli induced him to take up his residence near 
Rigan. on the borders of the Baltic Sea, in hopes 
that by bathing there his health would be restored. 
Tliis hoiie, however, was in vain, as he died there 
about 1868. He was a capable business man and a 
member of the .lewish C'huicli. The mother's an- 
cestors were from Germany, but she was born in 
Russia, from which her parents had removed, and 
she died at Lcthaum. in 1881. 

The subject of this sketch was given a good ed- 
ucation at liome under private tutors, and when 
fifteen years old was taken by his father to Ger- 
many, where he completed his studies in the gym- 
nasiums at Koenigsburg and Picrlin, becoming 
familiar with the languages — German, French, Eng- 
lish, Hebrew, Greek and Latin. Subsequently he 
spent considerable lime in travel. He was twenty- 
seven years old at the time of his father's death, 
and being without means to continue his .studies he 
went to Elbefield, Germany, and engaged as a pri- 
vate instructor in the languages, by which means 
he was enabled later to resume his studies. After- 
ward he travelerl extensively over various parts of 
Europe. In the spring of 1872 he emigrated to 
America, and from New York City proceeded to 
Boston, where he engaged as a private tutor until 

Resolving now to become a phj'sician, young 
Albert, in 1874. entered the Boston School of Med- 
icine, through which he worked his way and was 
graduated on the (jth of JIareh. 1877. He then 
entered upon the practice of liis chosen profession, 
and remained in Boston until the spring of 1878. 
We next find him returning to I^urope. and from 
Southampton he proceeded to Paris, visiting the 
Exposition, and there met some of his old friends 
and relatives from Russia. He sojourned in Paris 
until the fall of that year, and obtained valua- 
ble experience as a pbj'sician and surgeon 
in the hospital Hotel Dieux. He came back 
to America in the fall of 1878, crossing the Mis- 
sissippi and locating in Clinton, Iowa. A j'ear 
later he returned to Russia and entered the St. 
Petersburg Medico Surgical Academy, from which 

he was graduated in the spring of 1881. Soon 
afterward he was appointed chief physician to a 
regiment in the Russian Armv. in which capacity 
he traveled over the whole of his native Empire. 

Dr. Albert was married near the city of Warsaw, 
Russia, Sept. 1-5, 1882, to an accomplished Russian 
lady, who died eighteen months later. She left 
one child, a son. Elias. who died at the age of seven 
months. In April, 1889, the Doctor was compelled 
to leave Russia for political reasons, and fleeing to 
Germany, remained there until the following August. 
He then returned to the United States, remaining 
for a time in New York City, but knowing that it 
would require j'ears perhaps to establish a practice 
there, he determined to seek a home west of the 
Mississippi. Coming to Pottawatomie County, 
Kan., he located in Olsburg, where his rare schol- 
arship and his knowledge of his profession furnishes 
the entree to the best circles, socially and profess- 
ionally. He was obliged to leave much valuable 
property in his native land, including an immense 
library, which he prized very highly and which he 
will scarcely be able to replace. The Doctor is 
full}' in accord with American institutions, but has 
not identified himself with any political party, 
voting independently- and aiming to support the 
men whom he considers best qualified for office. 

W Lr 

ESLEY LEWIS. This gentleman has been 

sident of Kansas for manj- a year, and 
more than twenty of them his home has 
been in Pottawatomie County. He is deserving of 
credit for the manner in which his time has been 
spent and for the energy and perseverance he has 
shown in the labors of life. In 1857, he came from 
Des Moines, Iowa, to this State, on foot and empty 
handed. He now owns 170 acres of land, in Louis- 
ville Township, and all improved except fifty acres 
of timber that is more valuable than fields would 
be ; and is in possession of a gooil share of this 
world's goods. 

Mr. Lewis is a son of .Sylvester and Ann.'i 
(Smith) Lewis, the former a native of New York 
and the latter of Ohio. The father was a farmer 
during his earlier years, and in 1848, joined the 



throng who were seeking a fortune in the newly dis- 
covered gold fields of the coast, and going to Cali- 
fornia, he was engaged in mining the precious metal 
for twent3'-two j'ears. Upon his return from the 
Golden State, he settled in this county, and remained 
till his death in 1876. His wife, the mother of our 
subject, had died in 1840, in the Hoosier State 
to which the family had removed from Ohio but a 
short time previous. Their family comprised six 
children, of whom our subject, the third in order of 
birth, is now the sole survivor. 

Weslej', of whom we write, was born in Ashta- 
bula County, Ohio, April 22, 1838, and was two 
years old when his parents removed to Indi- 
ana, where he lived until seventeen years of age, 
receiving a common-school education only. At 
that period of his life, he started out for himself, 
his first occupation being work in the mines of Col- 
orado, which he continued for one year. When 
he came to this State, he was accompanied by an 
elder brother, Lester, and his first settlement was 
in Wabaunsee Countj-, where he sta3'ed about ten 
years, changing to this county in 1867. During 
four years of the Civil War, Mr.' Lewis did 
arduous and hazardous service for the Union 
cause, first as a teamster and later as a wagon- 
master, operating in this State, Colorado, New 
Mexico, Arkansas and Missouri. 

In 1859, Mr. Lewis was united in marriage with 
Miss Louisa, daughter of Jude and Catharine 
(Sheror) Bonrssa. The parents were natives of 
Canada, and their daughter was born in this State. 
Mrs. Lewis died in February, 1861, leaving a 
daughter. Laura, who is now the wife of Frank 
Gilbert, of Louisville Township, and the mother of 
child. Having remained a widower until 1866, 
Mr. Lewis remarried, his second bride, being Miss 
Matilda Bergerron, whose parents, Francis and 
Josephine Bergerron, were born in Canada and 
Indiana, respectively'. After twent}- years of mar- 
ried life, Mr. Lewis again became a widower, his 
companion being removed from him by death in 
188(). Of the twelve children borne 1)3^ Mrs. Ma- 
tilda Lewis, seven are now living. They bear the 
names of Lester, Iv3', Josephine, Charles, Omer, 
Flora and Edward. 

Mr. Lewis is conservative in 'polities and votes 

the Democrat ticket. He belongs to the I. O. O. 
F. at Louisville, and holds the exalted rank of 
Noble Grand. He is a member of the Congrega- 
tional Church. Kindl3' in all the domestic rela- 
tions of life, he is an especially tender parent and 
his heart is bound up in his motherless children. 
He is intelligent and well read, with pleasant, 
affable manners, and his character as a citizen and 
a Christian gentleman is above reproach. 


TEPHEN HARRIS is the owner and oc- 
cupant of a beautiful and valuable farm 
lying on the Blue Valley bottom lands, 
two and one-half miles from Garrison, 
Pottawatomie Count3'. Bordering on the Blue, it 
has ten acres of valuable timber, and is well adapted 
both for grain and stock raising,in which occupation 
its owner is engaged. The estate is enclosed and 
divided by neat hedges, the beautifully situated 
dwelling is surrounded b3' a fine 3'ard and accom- 
panied b\' an excellent orchard, and the entire 
place shows taste and thrift on the part of the 
occupants. The estate comprises sixty-five acres, 
flft3' of which are broken, and all the improve- 
ments have been made since Mr. Harris purchased 
it in 1883. 

The owner of this comfortable rural Lome was 
born near Alleghen3- City, Pa., Oct. 30, 1859, and 
is the son of George and Elizabeth (Dodd) Harris, 
natives of Kent, England. (For further histor3' of 
the ancestry and family, see sketch of Ezekiel Har- 
ris, which occupies another page in this Album.) 
JMr. Harris was reared on a farm within sight of the 
Allea;hauy River, and received the advantages of 
the common school, obtaining therein a good edu- 
cation in the ordinar3' branches of stud3'. He was 
in his thirteenth 3ear when he accompanied his 
parents to Kansas, and his life since that time has 
been spent on the Blue, where the country pre- 
sents a vast differences in appearance from what it 
did when our subject first saw it. Then deer and 
other game abounded, and young Harris indulged, 
to some extent, in hunting, one of his earl3' ex- 
periences being that of bringing a deer to the 

When fifteen 3'ears old, Mr. Harris began working 




out by the month, continuing so emijloyed until he 
reached the age of twenty jears, wlien he rented a 
farm on section 36, Blue Valley Township, which a 
few years later lie purchased for $35 per acre, and 
has since brought to its present state of improve- 
ment. The entire acreage is on the bottom, and 
the land is among the most fertile in the State. 

At the home of the bride in Green Township, on 
April 19, 1888, the rites of wcdlocii were celebrated 
between Mr. Harris and Miss Jennie Fleming. 
She is a daughter of Alex and Susanna (Carnahan) 
Fleming, old settlers and prominent farm residents 
of Green Township. Her birth took place in Alle- 
ghany County, Pa., and she accompanied her par- 
ents to Kansas when a child, receiving lier education 
in thi.s State, finishing her studies at the Man- 
hattan Higli School and the State Agricultural 
College at tlie same place. She taught several 
terms of school, her first work in that profession 
having been wiicn she was nineteen years of age. 
Educated, refined and possessed of womanly vir- 
tues, she looks well to tlie ways of her household, 
and is higlily esteemed bj- neighbors and acquain- 
tances. Her happy union with Mr. Harris has 
been blessed bj' the birth of one child — Ina May. 

Mr. and Mrs. Harris are active and prominent 
members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, at 
Garrison, Mr. Harris being a cliarter member 
member therein. He is now filling the office of 
Trustee. In his political views he favors the prin- 
ciples of the Republican party, for which his vote 
is ever cast. He has served a term on the jury, 
and as a private individual and a citizen is held in 
high repute by his fellow-men. 

^ -^-^ ^ 

IIL^ON. ELIJAH WALKER has been Notary 
iTjl' Public for a period of twent3'-four years, 
'^^ and has since 1873 been engaged in the 
(j^ brokerage and insurance business in St. 
George. He has served his township and county 
in various ways, particularly as Representative of 
tlie Sixty-eighth district. The 12th of October, 
1878, he was nominated on the eighteenth ballot as 
Representative, and was duly elected over both 
Democrat and Greenback candidates. Politically, 

as may be presumed from the previous statement, 
he is a strong Republican, and is numbered among 
the most inUuential members of that organization 
in the county. Besides the positions mentioned he 
has been Road Overseer, was Secretary of the 
County Fair Association for six years, has served 
on the school board, and was Township Trustee 
two terms. In 1880 he was commissioned by the 
United States Government to take the census of 
Blue and St. George townships. 

Mr. Walker comes of substantial New England 
ancestry, his father, Lucius Walker, being a na- 
tive of Orange County, Vt., and born July 6, 1796. 
By occupation he followed the pursuits of agricul- 
ture. At Corinth, Vt., he was married, Jan. 27, 
1824, to Lydia A. Sanborn, a native of New Harap- 
: shire, and born Oct. 15, 1802. After their mar- 
riage they lived in Vermont until 1837, when, 
coming W^est, they sojourned until 1850 in La- 
grange County, Ind., whence they removed to 
Elkhart County, the same State. Then, selling his 
farm, he removed into Bristol in 1862, and there 
passed to his final rest, Jan. 11, 1880. Mrs. Walker 
died the same year, surviving her husband only 
eleven days. 

Of the twelve children which comprised the 
family of Lucius and Lydia Walker, eight are now 
living, three having participated in the Civil War. 
In the State of Vermont our subject, the seventh 
child in order of birth, was born Jan. 3, 1835. 
Educational advantages were not good at that time, 
consequently he received onlj' a limited schoolin<T. 
The breadth of knowledge to which he has since 
attained is the result of continued self-train in o-. 
Careful, systematic reading and self-culture have 
not only atoned for lack of earl^- educational facil- 
ities, but have widened his infiucnce and extended 
his powers. 

Wiien a youth of sixteen our subject received a 
serious injury, being accidentally kicked by a horse. 
In 1852 he entered a store in Elkhart, Ind., as clerk 
and remained with the same firm three years. 
Thence he entered a store in Ues Moines, Iowa 
taking a position as clerk and receiving a compen- 
sation of S50 per month. In 1857 he resolved to 
emigrate to Kansas and build up a homestead there. 
Accordingly ,he came to St. George with a cash capi- 



talot 1270, of which $200 was lost by being loaned 
to a man who failed to repay. Upon his arrival here 
he was employed by the tk.veniment in chopping 
wood at U per cord. This, however, he continued 1 
to do for onlv one month. On the site of Manhat- I 
tan he hoed corn, took a cLaim. slept in a dugout j 
from May until November, and for four montbs i 
of this time was sick; then, with ten cents in liis j 
pocket, he came to St. George and worked in a saw- 
mill for one winter. Soon afterward be was elected 
Registrar of Deeds for Pottawatomie County, being 
the" first person to hold that office in the county. 
and serving from 18.58 until 18G1, when St. George 
ceased to be the county seat. 

His military career is a part of his history of 
which Mr. Walker is justly proud. The 22d of 
August, 1862, was the date of his enlistment in 
Company C, 9th Kansas Cavalry. In 1863 the 
company was ordered to Ft. Gib.son, Indian Terri- 
tory, and for bravery in the battle of Cabin Creek | 
he was appointed Sergeant. Thence tlie regiment 
proceeded to Honey Springs. Ark., where tlierc was 
another engagement. Afterward he returned liome 
and was sent^to the hospital at Kansas City in the 
fall of 1863. where he remained uutil Janu.ary, 
1864. He was then further promoted by Gov. 
Crawford, being commissioned Second Lieuten.ant 
and recruiting officer for the 16th Kansas Cavalry, 
March 1, 1864. Again failing healtli compelled 
him, after recruiting for several months, to return 
to the hospital, this time being sent to the general 
hospital at Ft. Leavenworth. In the spring of 1865 
he was detailed into the mustering office at Ft. 
Leavenworth, where he remained until the expira- 
tion of his term. 

Upon receiving an honorable discharge at the 
close of the war, Mr. Walker opened a general 
mercantile store in St. George, in partnership with 
J. S. Belts. As it was about the time of the build- 
ing of the Union Pacific RaUroad through this sec- 
tion of the country, the firm did a big business. 
After continuing six months Mr. Walker sold out 
his interest to his partner, and in July, 1866, re- 
ceived the appointment of railroad agent here. In 
1868 he obtained permission to build a depot here 
at Ins own expense, and utilized it as a warehouse. 

the mercantile business with L. W. Crowl. He was 
appointed agent, in 1873. for the National Land 
Company and Union Pacific Railroad to sell their 
lands, and has since tiiat time been largely inter- 
ested in the real-estate and insurance business. 
Since 1884 he has been agent in Pottawatomie 
County tor the German Insurance Company of 

Freeport, 111. 

A charming home is not the least among the 
possessions of Mr. Walker. He was united in mar- 
riage. Nov. 29, 1864, with Elizabeth C. GiUaspie, 
daughter of George \V. GiUaspie, who came from 
Kentucky to Kansas in 1854. Mrs. Walker was 
born July 27, 1839, in Kentucky. Of her uuion 
with Mr.Walker four children have been born, 
namely: Oma, born Oct. 16, 1867; Stella. Sept. 17, 
1871; Lucius A. and Lydia 8. (twins) June 7, 1875. 
They are receiving excellent training both at 
liom'e and in the schools of the com ra unity, and are 
growing up to be worthy men and women. Mrs. 
Walker and Stella are members of the Christian 
Church, while Mr. Walker, socially, belongs to the 
1. O. O. F. They are a happy, hospitable family, 
and it is always a pleasure to spend a few liours in 
their cozy home. 

In connection with this sketch we pre- 
sent a lithographic portrait of Mr. Walker. 

buy in 

a- o-rain until 1872. He was also one year in i 

AMES D. CHADAVICK, one of the leading 
contractors of Pottawatomie County, hand- 
ling principally building stone, has the repu- 
tation of being one of the finest men in his 
community. He is of English birth and parentage, 
and the son of a wealthy Lancashire contractor, 
who frequently urges him by letter to return home 
to England, and take possession of his heritage, but 
he lias a genuine love for his adopted country, and 
prefers liere to remain. He has become closely 
identified with the interests of Northern Kansas, 
and no man in his community is lield in more gen- 
eral respect. 

A native of Lancashire, Mr. Ch.adwick was born 
April 17, 1844, and was the elder child of his 
father's first marriage with Mary Grider. Both 
parents were natives of Lancashire, and the father 



a stone contractor, who, although now seventy-sis 
years old, is quite vigorous, and holds the office of 
Superintendent of Public Buildings in Burnley, 
England. The mother died in her native Lanca- 
shire, in middle life. Tlie elder Chadwick was 
subsequently married lo Elizabeth Hartley, of Lan- 
cashire, and they became the parents of seven chil- 
dren. James D. grew to manhood in his native 
shire, receiving a good education, which was largely 
directed towards architecture and civil engineer- 
ing. He was under the instruction of his father 
for eleven years, and then spent two j^ears in the 
office of one of the leading surveyors and arclii- 
tects of Lancashire. He began operating on his 
own account at the age of twenty-two years, and 
five years later, in April, 1871, crossed tlie Atlan- 
tic, and landing in New York City remained there 
a few weeks, then set out for the Farther West. 

Coming now to Wamego, Mr. Chadwick so- 
journed here a sliort time, then inaki'jg his way to 
St. Louis, Mo., secured a position, and emploj'ed 
his talents in connection with the building of the 
great bridge across the Mississippi at that point. 
Upon leaving St. Louis, he rejjaircd to Indianapo- 
lis, where he was engaged as foreman and stone- 
cutter on the Marion Count3^ court-house, and was 
thus employed four years. From there he went to 
Terre Haute, and engaged in business with his 
brother, Edward D., who is now Superintendent of 
tlie Terre Haute Stone Company. He was thus oc- 
cupied tiiree years, then met with an accident 
which disabled him for some time. Finally, re- 
turning to Wamego, he purchased a half-interest 
in a farm near the town, and engaged in agricul- 
tural pursuits for four jears, recovering his health. 
His tastes, however, inclined him to resume his pro- 
fession, and accordingly he established his present 
business in Wamego, which he has conducted suc- 
cessfully now for a period of seven years. 

Mr. Chadwick was married Nov. 12, 1868, in 
Burnley, England, to Miss Margaret, daugliter of 
John and Cliarlotte Folds. Mrs. Cliadwick was 
born Jan. 12, 1840, in Lancashire, of which place 
iier parents were natives, and the father a success- 
ful raanuf.acturer of Burnley. Of this union there 
have been born six children, five of whom are liv- 
ing, namel}': Mar\- B., John H., Nellie, Annie, and 

Edna. Mr. Chadwick has been prominent in local 
affairs, representing his ward in the City Council, 
and officiating as a member of the School Board. 
He was the architect of the present fine school 
building, which was erected under his supervision 
in 1885, and is the present City Engineer of Wa- 
mego. Politically, he usually votes the straight 
Republican ticket, and maintains a warm interest 
in the success of his party. He belongs to Wamego 
Lodge, No. 85, A. F. & A. M., in which he has 
filled all the offices with the exception of Master, 
which he declined to assume. He is also identified 
with Kaw Valley Chapter, No. 53, in which he has 
held the office of High Priest. His younger chil- 
dren are being given a good education. Miss Mary 
has completed her studies, having been graduated 
from the Wamego High School in 1886. 


DWARD M. ALLEN, Notary Public and 
Assistant Cashier of the Bank of W. A. 
Allen & Son, is one of Pottawatomie 
County's most energetic citizens, shrewd in busi- 
ness, well posted on all important topics relating to 
political questions or general items of interest. He 
is a splendid conversationalist, sometimes amusing 
and sometimes instructive, but alwa3rs entertainino-. 
He is one of the partners in the Bank of Olsbnrg, 
and for such a position is eminently qualified both 
by natural endowments and by careful business 
training. He is now the owner of one-fourtli of 
a block pleasantly located in Olsburg, and on it has 
erected one of the most substantial and comfortable 
residences to be found in the township. Not only 
is the exterior pleasing and attractive to tlie eye, 
but within is everything calculated to makeeai-thly 
happiness complete. The mistress of this pleasant 
home is a young ladj' of culture and refinement, 
with whom Mr. Allen was united in marriage in 
Olsburg, May 6, 1886. Her maiden name was Ben- 
teen Johnson, and in Blue Valley Township, where 
she was born, she also passed the years of childhood 
and girlhood. Her education was commenced in 
the common scliools of Oi.sburg and completed at 
Manhattan College, where she became especially 
proficient in music and art. 

Ireland was the birthplace of the grandfather of 



Mr. Allen, who was by name Howard M. Allen, and 
by trade a blaeksmitli. When a young man he 
crossed the Atlantic and worked at his trade in New 
York City. Later he removed to Ontario, Canada, 
but afterward purcliased a farm near Adrian, Mich., 
which he improved and operated until his death. 
The great-grandfather of our subject was John 
Moore, a land and mill-owner in Ireland. He came 
to America and located in New York City; while 
on his way back, to collect rents in Ireland, he was 
lost at sea. "William A. Allen, tlie father of oui 
subject, was born in Ontario, Canada, in 1838, but 
was reared to man's estate on a farm in Lenawee 
County, Mich. In the autumn of 1856 he started 
West, making liis way overland. He spent the fol- 
lowing winter on the Missouri, near the present 
site of Leavenworth, where he was engaged in chop- 
ping wood. In tlie spring of 1857 he located on a 
claim of 160 acres near Elk Citj', paying for it by 
land warrants. 

After improving this cLaim until 1860, in the fall 
of that year, Mr. Allen returned to Michigan, and 
a few months afterward, enlisted in tiie 6th Michi- 
gan Battery, serving until the close of the War. 
After that he returned to his farm in tlie spring of 
1866. In 1874 he was elected Treasurer of .Jack- 
son County, and removing to Ilolton, was for the 
ensuing four years engaged in the active prosecu- 
tion of the duties attendant upon his office. He 
now superintends the man.agement of his lino farm 
of 240 acres which adjoins Ilnlton, and is also the 
senior member of the liank of Olsburg and Cash- 
ier of the Excliange Bank .at Ilolton, in whicli he owns 
a one-half interest. Tlie latter bank was organized in 
the fall of 1888. He was active in establishing, in 
1881, Campbell Normal University at Holton, and 
is now one of its directors. Politically, his symp.a- 
thies are with the Republican party, and in relig- 
ious matters, he has membership witli tlie Metliodist Church. He married Miss Mary E. Pat- 
ton, a native of Virginia, and born in 1838. 81ie 
became the mother of fifteen cliildren, eleven of 
whom lived to manhood and womanhood, namel3' : 
p]mma, now Mrs. Keller, of Junction City, Kan.; 
E. M., our subject; Augusta J., who married J. S. 
Spangler of Westmoreland ; W. W., Cashier of the 
Bank of Olsburg; Mary C, who is at lionie; J. K., 

a druggist at Westmoreland; G. H., a resident of 
Olsburg: Ida, Otto, Nellie and Jessie, who are yet 
under the parental roof. 

A native of the vicinity of Blissfield, Lenawee 
Co., Mich., our subject was born July 14, 1860, and 
lived in the home of his birth until he was six 
years old, when he accompanied his parents to Kan- 
sas, traveling by rail to St. Joseph, Mo., and cross- 
ing both the Mississippi and Missouri on the ice, 
being conveyed to the opposite shores by means of 
sleds. For many 3'ears our subject lived quietly 
under the parental roof in Jackson County, assist- 
ing his father in the improvement of the farm, and 
developing into sturdy and rugged manhood. In 
the meantime he received the advantages of the 
High School at Ilolton, and at the age of twenty- 
one was prepared to take .active charge of the 
home farm, which he superintended until 1885. He 
had become interested in the Bank of Olsburg, 
having co-operated in its organization with other 
business men of the county. He now located in 
Olsburg and .accepted the position of Assistant 
Casliier in the bank, whicii had been establisiied in 

The r.anks of the Rejinblican party have no 
stronger advocate than Mr. Allen, who is ever .ac- 
tive in advancing its interests, and has served 
as delegate to county and congressional conven- 
tions. He is Notaiy Public, having been appointed 
to that otHce by ex-Governor Martin. He has thus 
far in his career been eminently successful, and is 
honorable, upright and honest in his dealings with 
all, well deserving the prosperity which attends 

/^EORGE C. WEIBLE, now a resident of 
(11 (=. Whiting 'J'ownship, Jackson Countj\ was 
^^g<4! reared on a farm near Canal Dover, Ohio, 
his birth having taken pl.ace in Tuscarawas County, 
Feb. 8, 1830. His father, Jacob Wcible, was a 
Pennsyl\^anian by education and training, having 
come from Germany when a child with his father, 
who also named Jacob. They were a family 
of coopers and onrsuliject learned that trade when 
a young man,' following it in his native State for a 
number of years. At the .age of twenty-one he 



went to Van AVert County, where he taught school 
for about ten years. Thoie he met Miss Mary J. 
Gilliland, for whom he conceived a high regard, 
and after a successful wooing they were united in 
marriage on the 1st of January-, 1854. Tiie bride i.s 
the daughter of Tliomas and Catherine (McCann) 
Gilliland, and her fatiier was a son of John and 
Jane (Maxwell) Gilliland and of Scolch-Irish stock. 

Mr. AVeible continued to reside in A'au AVert 
Count}', Ohio, until the fall of 186.5. when he re- 
moved to Bureau County, 111., and purchased a 
farm north of Dover, which he operated for nearly 
four years. He then sold and in March, 18G9, came 
to Kansas, being one among the early settlers on 
the Reservation. He purchased land in Atchison 
Countv, just across the road from his present 
home, the farm being the southwest quarter of sec- 
tion 18, in Grasshopper Township. He made some 
good improvements on the estate, having broken 
100 acres and set out a good orchard, when on 
account of the high taxes in that county, and the 
lower rate across the line, he determined to make a 
change. He therefore sold and purchased the farm 
which he now occupies, whieh for some time he 
had had in charge for JNIr. J. H. Segar, and upon 
which he liml made some improvements. This land 
consists of eight}- acres, located in the southeast- 
ern part of section 18, AVbiting Township, and 
upon it he has prospered. All the fencing on tlie 
place is done with hedge there being about 800 
rods in use. 

Mr. Weible is a very successful horticulturist 
and raise.*; a variety of choice fruits. He has 
a thrifty apple orchard containing- 100 trees now 
bearing, some of them are among the largest in 
the townshii). Me also has a good peach orchard 
and an excellent collection of pear trees. The 
llrstof the latter fruit which he planted did not 
succeed, but his later attempt has met with a favor- 
able result and the trees are now doing well. The 
ten crab-apple trees, comprise five or six choice 
varieties. Besides all these he has all kinds of small 
fruits, grapes, ))erries, etc. In the fall of 1881, Mr. 
Weible built a dwelling two stories high, consist- 
ing of a main part, 14x24, and a wing 14xlG,and 
adding to it a one stor}' L 12x12. It stands on a 
pla-eau which affords a grand view for fifteen or 

twent}' miles each way, in which scope there are a 
number of towns and a pleasantly diversified land- 
scape of fields, groves and water courses. Under 
the entire dwelling is a nine foot cellar with a rock 
floor and a stone wall, the whole being well lighted 
and ventilated. The well built house is surrounded 
by adequate farm buildings and the whole presents 
an air of comfort and prosperity. The loc.ntion is 
four miles from AVhiting and five from Horton. 
Mr. AA^eible generally raises enough stock to con- 
sume his grain and keeps an especially fine lot of 
hogs, having done something for the improvement 
of that stock in the county. 

In 1885, Mr. AVeible purchased the AVhiting 
Xeics, from AV. E. Brown and carried on that sheet 
for two years, making great improvements in it and 
increasing the subscription list to more than double 
its former numbers. He made the publication 
neutral in politics, as he is. AVIien he determined 
to abandon editorial work he found a ready pur- 
chaser in J. S. Clark, wliosold the sheet to AA'illiam 

Mr. and Mrs. AA^eible have reared seven children, 
all of whom are married except Ed. Ernest, who 
is still at home and operating the farm. Lucy F. 
was the wife of Morris Michael of AA^liiting, and 
died leaving two children, one of whom survives 
and lives with our subject; his name is AA'illis 
Everett Michael. Catherine N. married C. R. Bo}'- 
ington, and their home is five miles east of that of 
our subject on a farm owned and operated by Mr. 
Boyington; they have five children. JIary E. 
married AA^'illiam Reynolds, an early settler of 
Whiting, who is now living in Everest, and carry- 
ing on his trade of a carpenter; they have four 
cinldren. Willis R. is a carpenter and works at his 
trade in Holton, where he and his wife reside. 
Henrietta Frances married S. L. Dickinson of Ohio, 
and their home is on a farm northwest of AVhitinir; 
the}- have two children. Laura Alice is the wife 
of Wilraer Snyder, and lives on a farm on the 

Mr. and Mrs. AVeible are members of the Pres- 
byterian Church and now attend at Horton. Thoy 
are possessed of more than ordinary intelligence 
and education, are kindly and social in their inter- 
course with their neighbors, and take an intelligent 



interest in movements of public importance, and 
are in consequence regarded liighlj'^ by ihose wlio 

know them. 

(l( ERMAN WILBERS. Few persons sojourn 
llTjfj long in St. Mary's Township without becom- 
^)^ iiig familiar with the name of tliis old and 
l^) highly -respected resident, who is recognized 
as one of its most solid men, and one of the leading 
land owners of Pottawatomie Count}'. He was born 
in the Kingdon of Hanover, Germany, near the 
Prussian line and adjacent to the town of Burren, 
Nov. 11, 181.5, and has consequently passed the 
seventy-fourth milestone on life's highway. His 
early years were spent in his native couutr}', where 
he received a thorough education in the German 
tongue, and he was mostly engaged in farming pur- 
suits until 'a man of twenty-six 3'ears. In the 
meantime he usually' spent two months of the sum- 
mer season in Holland, making turf, as that busi- 
ness was more profitable tliau farming, although it 
was of brief duration. 

The subject of this sketch is well born, being the 
son of John and Mary A. (Esthring) Wilbers, who 
were likewise natives of Wurtemburg, and devout 
members of the Catholic Church, to which their 
ancestors had belonged for generations. In tlie 
faith of this religion they reared their children, 
leading them when young to the great church near 
their home, a very fine edifice, covering nearly an 
acre of ground and which had stood probably over 
half a century. 

Life passed in a comparatively uneventful man- 
ner with Mr. Wilbers until the age above men- 
tioned, but in the meantime he was not satisfied 
with the outlook in his native country and determ- 
ined upon emigrating to the United States. Ac- 
cordingly in the summer of 1842 he set out on a 
sailing-vessel from the port of Bremen, and after a 
ten weeks' voyage first set foot upon American soil 
in the city of New Orleans. Thence he journeyed 
up the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers to Cincinnati, 
Ohio, where for many j'ears he was engaged as a 
brickmaker. There, likewise, he was married, Aug. 
8, 1846, to Miss Mary C, daughter of John Fehr- 
ing. The Fehrings also were of German birth and 

ancestry, and the wife of Mr. Wilbers was reared 
not far from his childhood liome and trained in the 
doctrines of the Catholic Church. 

Mr. Wilbers and his wife commenced the journey 
of life togetlier in the Queen City, remaining there 
until 1870. Tlien coming to Kansas, Mr. Wilbers 
purchased 1..500 .acres of land near St. Mary's, this 
being mostly in its primitive condition and unim- 
proved, with the exception of two little Indian 
cabins and about twent3'-flve acres under cultiva- 
tion. The sturdy pioneer experienced the hardships 
common to life upon the frontier at that date, but 
he persevered through every discouragement and 
in due time found himself on the higli road to 
prosperity. He has about 700 acres of his land 
in a productive condition, and one of the finest 
farm dwellings in St. Mary's Township, adjacent to 
the city limits. Besides his own residence he has 
three other houses with barns, stables and other 
necessary buildings, conveniently situated for the 
general purposes of agriculture. Mr. AVilbers also 
owns several city lots. 

There were born to Mr. Williers and his wife 
eleven children, seven of whom are living. The 
eldest, John, one of the prominent younger men of 
St. Mary's Township, served as Township Clerk 
two years and was elected Township Trustee for 
three terms: Anna is the widow of John Warburg, 
and lives at home with her father; Herman, Jr., 
remains at the homestead; Frances is the wife of 
William Zolper, and they live in Chicago, 111.; 
Mary and Frank are with their parents; Joseph is 
in the Northwest. The chief products of the farm 
are cattle and corn, and Mr. Wilbers each 3'ear 
harvests a large amount of timothy hay. He has, 
however, now quietl}^ tsiken a back seat, turning the 
farm over to the management of his boys, who are 
regular "chips of the old block," carrying it on in 
the same well-regulated and profital)le manner. 

5^>g ^ ♦ 

: OHN W. FARROW, M. D., is a highly re- 
spected resident of Laclede, Pottawatomie 
Countv, where he has made his home for 
' the i)ast nine years. He lias a high reputa- 
tion and an excellent practice in his chosen profes- 
sion, in which he has shown marked skill for one of 



his years. He is finely educated, not only in Ther- 
apeutics, but in other lines of study. Me is still 
young in years, having been born June 13, 18.58, 
in AVilliamsport. Md., where his earlier education 
was obtained. After passing through thecoinniou 
schools of that cit}', be attended the Mechanics- 
town College, and the College of Physicians and 
.Surgeons in Baltimore. In 1880 he took up his 
abode in Laclede. 

Dr. Farrow is a son of Joseph H. and Mary S. 
(Nitzel) Farrow, both of whom werebo'n in Mary- 
land, and who are now living in Baltimore, the 
father being sixty-two years of age, and the mother 
ten j-ears younger. Mr. Farrow is a druggist by 
profession, but is now head clerk in the post-ottice 
in the city where be lived. In politics he is a Re- 
publican. He served four terms as County Repre- 
sentative, and has also been a member of the State 
Senate. He is in good financial circumstances. 
The Farrow familj- is of Scotch and Irish extrac- 
tion, and the Nitzel family is of German stock. 
The grandfather of Dr. Farrow was William Nitzel, 
who was born in the Fatherland, and who cauie to 
this country in an early day, and settled in Mary- 
land, where he lived until the time of his death. 
He was a cooper by trade. Our subject is the sec- 
ond of .seven children born to his parents. Charles, 
the first born, died at the age of two years; and 
Kersner. the third in order of birth, at the age of 
seven. Besides our subject, Jennie, J^mma, Charles 
K., and Harry still survive. 

The wife of Dr. Farrow was in her maidenhood 
Miss Jlary Prunty, .and the rites of wedlock were 
celebrated between them, Nov. 24, 1887. The 
bride was born in Wamego. Feb. IG, 1868. and re- 
ceived an excellent education, and a careful train- 
ing in domestic and social virtues at the hands of 
her parents. Leonard and Adaline. Mr. Prunty 
was born in West Virginia, and was among the 
early settlers of Kansas. Ho built the first dwelling 
house in Wamego. lie is a man of means, and 
owner of a great deal of land and other jiroperty in 
this county. He also owns considerable property- 
in California, where he and his wife are now liv- 

Dr. and Mrs. Farrow are the happy parents of 
one daughter, Rubj'. The Doctor is an enthusiastic, though not an office seeker. The high 
character, intelligence, and hospitable, social na- 
tures of Dr. and Mrs. Farrow, are thoroughl3- ap- 
preciated by their neighbors and fellow-citizens, 
among whom they are general favorites. 



RVING P. BELDEN. Among the younger 
members of the farming community of Whit- 

\ ing Townshi|), Mr. Belden occupies a promi- 
nent position. He came to J.ackson County from 
Chicago, in 1887, settling upon land which his 
father had purchased some years before, and is be- 
ing prospered in his lal)ors as a tiller of the soil. 
Enterprising and industrious, the indications are 
that he is bound to succeed. He was married in 
Chicago, Sept. 15, 1887, to Miss Minnie Hallock, 
and shortly afterward came with bis young wife to 
the place which they now occupy, and where, by 
their mutual efforts they are building up a comfort- 
able home. 

The subject of this sketch is the son of D. K. 
Belden, formerly of Princeton, 111., who came to 
AVhiling in 1870, and purchased the land now oc- 
cupied 1)3' Irving P. The paternal grandfather of 
our subject was Aniasa E. Belden, a native of New 
York, vvho spent his last years in Chicago. His 
son, Daniel K.. removed from New York to Bureau 
County, 111., at a verj- earl^' day, and took up a 
large tract of land. The maiden name of his wife 
was Persis, daughter of Asaph and Hermione 
(Clark) Pratt, nho came from Vermont and settled 
in Wisconsin at an earl}' day. Afterward they re- 
moved to Dover, Bureau Co., 111., but finall}' re- 
turned to Wisconsin, where Mr. Pratt died in 1888. 
His wife is still living. To Mr. and iMrs. Belden 
there have been born two children, a daughter, Per- 
sis, and an infant named George Edward. 

Mr. Belden. politically, is a stanch supporter of 
the Kepultlican party, and takes cjuite an interest 
in politic's, especially during Presidential years. 
While in Chicago, he was occupied chiefly as a 
clerk and book-keeper in a confectionarj' manufac- 
tory. While a resident of Maiden, 111., he belonged 
to the Congregational Chuicli for a number of 
3ears. He is one of six children born to his par- 



ents, and is the eldest of the three survivors. His 
sister, Herrnioiie, died at the age of eleven j'ears; 
Edson A. died when a youth of seventeen years, of 
typhoid fever, at Maiden, 111.; C4eorge A. died in 
Chicago, 111., of eonsumption, at the age of twcntj-- 
one. His remains were laid to rest in the cemeter)' 
at Maiden. Henry O. makes his home with his 
brother, Irving P.; Daniel is in Chicago. The 
father of Mrs. Relden was J. H. Hallock, wlio died 
in Jlichigan about 1874. Her mother is still liv- 
ing, and makes her home in Kansas Cit}-. 

jP^ TEPHKN PERKINS came to Jackson 
^^^ County in 1870, before he attained his 
l[\/jj) majority, and for several years he was 
identified with its pioneer farmers in the 
work of developing its agricultural interests, and 
during that time he improved a good farm in Whit- 
ing Township, of which he was an early settler. 
He subsequently engaged in the meat business in 
Netawaka, and in 1887 established himself in Hol- 
ton in the same Hue. He has a neat, well-stocked 
market, and conducts a paying trade. 

Stephen Perkins is a native of Bureau County, 
111., Lamoille Township the place of his birth, and 
Dec. 2G, 1850, the date thereof. His father, Ed- 
ward Perkins, was born in Queen's County, Ireland, 
and was the only member of his family to come to 
America, he coming to this country when he was a 
young man, and first locating in Whiteli.all, N. Y. 
A few }-ears later he removed to Chicago, where 
he lived a year, and then he took up his abode in 
Bureau Count.y, 111., and was one of the first set- 
tlers there. He purchased Government land in 
Lamoille Township, erected a comfortable frame 
house of native lumber, and in the years that in- 
tervened between that time and his death, which 
occurred on that homestead, he improved a fine 
farm, and became fairly prosperous. "When he 
first settled there deer and other kinds of wild 
game were plenty, and the surrounding country 
•was in a wild, sparsely-settled condition. There 
were no railw.ays, and he was obliged to draw his 
wheat with an ox-team to Chicago, 110 miles dis- 
tant. He did his share in building up the county, 

and lived to see it a wealthy and well-settled dis- 
trict. The maiden name of the mother of our 
subject was Mary Wall. She was born in Queen's 
County, Ireland., and died on the Illinois home- 
stead. She and her husband reared nine children 
to good and usefid lives, three of whom are still 
living — John, Joseph and our subject, Joseph oc- 
cupying the old homestead. 

Stephen Perkins was bred to the life of a farmer 
in tlie liome of his birth, receiving a careful train- 
ing from his sterling parents, and gleaning an edu- 
cation in the pioneer schools of Bureau County. 
As soon as old enough he was set to work on the 
farm when he was not engaged in school, and he 
remained an inmate of the parental household until 
he was twenty years old. At that age, in 1870, 
well-equipped for the battle of life mentally and 
physically, he started out in the world to make his 
own w.ay, and attracted to Jackson County on 
account of the many facilities it offered to young 
men of enterprise and resolution, became here and 
made his residence in Wiiiting Township, which 
was then merely' a flag-station, the railway having 
been completed three years previous. As there 
was but one house in the village at that time, he 
was ol)liged to walk liack to Muscolali to find a 
lodging in a hotel. The first season of his settle- 
ment in Kansas he engaged in breaking prairie, and 
then lie bougiit a tract of vvild land one mile from 
the village, and being umarried at that time, he 
kept a bachelor's estalilishment, and carried on the 
improvement of his farm by himself. He gave his 
attention to agricultural pursuits until 1879, when 
he went to Xetawaka, and entered the meat busi- 
ness, which he conducted there very prosperously 
until 1887. In Jul}' of that year, desiring to in- 
crease his trade b}' establishing himself in a larger 
city, and perceiving a fine opening in Holton, he 
came hither and opened a meat market, which he 
has fitted up in good style, and as he has it alwa3's 
stocked with the best of everything in his line to 
be found in the market, he has secured first-class 

In the month of February, 1875, Mr. Perkins 
took an iniiiortant step in his life, that has eon 
tributed not only to his happiness, but added 
to his material comfort and prosperitj', he at that 



time taking unto himself a good wife in the person 
of Miss Anna Nance. She is, liiic himself, a native 
of Illinois, born in Hancock County', to Casjier and 
F^rail}' (Stone) Nance, her father a native of Vir- 
ginia. Three ehihlren have been born of this mar- 
riage — Frank. May and Pearl. 

I\Ir. I'erkins is connected with the A. F. & A. M., 
as a member of Polar Star Lodge, No. 143. In his 
politics, he is a decided Democrat. He is a wide- 
awake, straightforward business man. of good 
standing among his fellow-citizens, and his pleasant 
social traits make him popular with those with 
whom he associates. 

■*• — -^!^-*^^*"'S^<r^ * 

ON. THOMAS K. ROACH was a gallant 
officer of the Federal Army, and served 
with distiuctiou during the late war. For 
twenty years he has been a resident of Kan- 
sas, identifled a part of that time with its agricul- 
tural interests, and for the past four years he has 
made his home in Holton. In early life he en- 
tered the ministry of the Cumberland Presbyterian 
Church, and has enthusiastically devoted much of 
his attention to that holy calling, and even since 
coming to Jackson County, he has preached quite 
constantly to his old charges in Doniphan and 
Atchison Counties, and though old age is creeping 
on ap.ace, it does not seem to have impaired his 
mental vigor or to have rendered his power less 
manifest. He is distinguished in life as having 
been a member of tlie Legislature of two States, 
that of Tennessee, which he entered in earl^r man- 
hood, and that of this State, to which he gave the 
riper wisdom and experience of maturer years. 

The Rev. Mr. Roach was born in Wilson County, 
Tenn., near Round Hill Post-office, Oct. 13, 1817. 
His father, John Roach, was, it is tliougiit, bo''n on 
Richland Creek, three miles from the State House 
in Davidson Count}-, Teun., Jan. "28, 1791, being 
the date of his birth. His father, John Roach, Sr., 
was born on the banks of Cape Fear River, N. C, 
being the son of an emigrant from the North of 
Ireland, who settled there in Colonial times, and 
there passed the remainder of his life. He was a 
Presbyterian in his religious belief, and reared his 

family to the same faith. The grandfather of our 
subject was both a farmer and brickmason. About 
1790 he started from North Carolina with wagon 
and pack horses, and journeyed through the inter- 
vening wilderness to Tennessee, and became one of 
the earliest settlers of Davidson County. At that 
time there was but one building in Nashville, and 
the pioneers had made but few settlements in the 
primeval forests of that State. In a few years he 
removed to "Wilson County, where he bought a 
tract of timber land, and then devoted his time to 
the arduous task of clearing away the trees, culti- 
vating the soil, and at the time of his death in 1848, 
had improved quite a large farm. In that wild 
country there were no markets for several years, 
and the people were obliged to live in the most 
primitive manner, spinning and weaving their own 
clothing, cooking b}' open fires, and living on wliat 
they could raise, and the game that they shot. The 
maiden name of the paternal grandmother of our 
subject, was Rachel Hopkins. She was born in 
North Carolina, was of English extraction, and 
came from the same family from which the Rev. 
John Hopkins was descended. Both she and her 
husband were Presbyterians, and were among the 
first to secede from tlie old church to join the Cum- 
berland Presl^yterian Church. All that is mortal 
of them lies buried in Sugg's Creek Churchyard, 
in Wilson Count}', Tenn. 

The father of our subject grew to maturity in 
Wilson County, and learning the trade of a gun- 
smith, he opened a shop near his old home, .and 
carried on that trade in connection with blacksmith- 
ing. Guns were made by ^hand in those days, and 
he being an expert in their manufacture, carried on 
an extensive business, his guns commanding a 
read}' sale in Tennessee and adjoining States, until 
the introduction of machinery for m.aking them 
caused him to suspend operations. He resided in 
Tennessee until 1848, wlieu he disposed of his prop- 
erty there, and removing to Knox County, III., 
settled among its pioneers. He bought land four 
miles southwest of Knoxville, and lived there about 
eight years, when he sold and reinoved to Logan 
County, and in the town of Atlanta made his home 
until death called him to a higher, Dec. 24, 188G, 
and his mortal remains were buried in the ceme- 



tery two miles east of that town. The maiden 
name of the mother of our subject was Maiy Kirk- 
patrick, and she was a native of South Carolina. 
She died in Atlanta in 18.56. His father, John 
Kirkpatrick, is tliought to have been born in Soutli 
Carolina, of Scotch ijareutage. Xine of the ten 
children that blessed their marriage, were reared to 

The son who is the sulijeetof tliis personal sketch, 
was roared to manhood iu his native county. There 
were no free schools in tliat section of the country 
then, but his father, who took a great interest in 
educational matters, was a liberal patron of tlie lo- 
cal subscription school, and gave his clnldren the 
best advantages for acquiring learning tliat were to 
be had. His oldest son was graduated from Cum- 
berland College, Princeton, Ky., and he then estab- 
lished a select school in Wilson County, and our 
subject became one of his pupils. When not in 
school he helped his father on the farm, and after 
marriage bought a tract of land on Stone's Creek, 
six miles from the Hermitage. After living there 
two years, he sold the place and returned to Sugg's 
Creek, to till a part of his father's farm. In the 
year 1849, he removed to Knox County, 111., where 
he resided one year, and then bouglit land in 
Walnut Grove, McDonough County, the same 
State, and for a space of ten years was actively 
engaged in agricultura' pursuits in that localit}'. 
At the expirati(>n of that time he sold his property 
there, and going to Argyle, invested in a farm in 
that township. Aug. 12, 1862, he threw aside all 
personal considerations, left his home and his work 
to go forth to take part in the great conflict that 
was being waged on Southern battlefields, becom- 
ing on that date a member of Company I, 124tli 
Illinois Infantry, and when the company was or- 
ganized, he was elected captain. The regiment 
rendevoused until October, and was then ordered 
to Camp Jackson, Teun., and was there united with 
other regiments to form the first brigade of the 3rd 
Division of the 17th Army Corps, under command 
of Gen. Logan. Our subject and his comrades also 
fouglit under Gens. McPherson and Grant, and 
lliey took a conspicuous part in the battles at Port 
Gibson, Raymond, Champion Hills, and in the siege 
and capture of Vicksburg. In 1863, Capt. Roach 

was obliged to resign his position in his company, 
and return home to recruit. In the spring of 1864, 
he was so far recovered as to be able to assist in 
organizing the 137th Illinois Regiment, and Gov. 
Yates Commissioning him Lieutenant Colonel, he 
.accompanied his regiment to Memphis, Tenn., 
where the}' ra.ade their headquarters, and there they 
bravely fought Forrest's command Aug. 24, 1861. 
Our subject was wounded during tlie engagement, 
but he still continued in command of the regiment, 
and remained with it until its discharge in Septem- 
ber, 1S6."), it liaving served two months be3'ond its 
term of eidistment. He won a fine militarj' record 
for coolness and courage in liattle, and as a most 
efficient and reliable officer, who could be trusted 
in every emergencj' to do the riglit thing at the 
right time. After his retirement from the army, 
Mr. Roach resided in McDonough County, 111., 
wliere he had previously made his home for a few 
years, and in the meantime he traveled tliree years 
in the interest of the American Bible Society', do- 
ing missionary work in tliirleen Illinois counties. 
When quite young he had been converted to the 
Christian religion, and had joined the Cumberland 
Presbyterian Church, and in 1847, he became a 
candidate for the ministry before the Nashville 
Presbyter}'. After his removal to Illinois, he had 
united with the Rnshville Presbytery, and in 1850, 
had been ordained preacher, and installed the same 
year as pastor of the New Lebanon Cliurcli. He 
also broke the "living bread" to the people of Wal- 
nut Grove, and later to them who dwelt at Arg3'le, 
though he did not lose his interest in agricultural 
pursuits, but devoted a part of his time to farming. 
In 1869, he came to Kansas, and located in Doni- 
plian County, buying a home near Highland. He 
was engaged in his beloved calling there for many 
years, and in 1880 took up his abode in Atchison 
County, where he carried on his ministerial work 
until 1884, preaching mostly at Round Prairie, and 
since his removal to Jackson County in that year, 
he lias still continued to look after the spiritual 
wants of his former charges in those counties. Af- 
ter coming here he lived on a farm that he pur- 
chased in Soldier Township, one year, and tlien he 
removed to Holton, buying city propert}', and from 
that time has been a resident of tliis city. His fine 



business qualifications have enabled him to secure 
a competency, and to build up a comfortable home, 
replete with all conveniences, wherein he and his 
good wife are enjoj'ing life, free from its cares. 

Mr. Roach has been twice married. He was first 
wedded July 16, 1835, to Nancy W. Cloyd, a na- 
tive of Wilson County, Tenn., and a daughter of 
.John and Letitia (Alexander) Cloyd. Her mar- 
ried life, thongh happ3' was brief, her death occur- 
ring in December, 1840. Our subject had two 
children by that union, Louisa C. and Angeline. 
Louisa married James W. Beard, and lives in Mt. 
Union, Henry Co., Iowa; Angeline died when 
twenty 3'ears of age. The marriage of our subject 
with ills present estimable wife, formerly' Martha 
Rhea, was solemnized Nov. 15, 1841. She was 
born in Smith County, Tenn., Jan. 9, 1823. Her 
father, Archibald Rhea, was a native of Ireland, 
and came from there to America with his parents, 
and settled in Smith County, where he carried on 
his occupation as a farmer. Subsequently he re- 
moved to Wilson County, and there died. Mrs. 
Roach's mother was Susan Littrel, prior to iier mar- 
riage, and she was born in this country, of English 
parentage. Mrs. Roach was young when her par- 
ents died, and she then lived with an elder brother 
and sisters, and was early taught to spin and weave 
besides her otlier household duties, and after her 
marriage she used to clothe her children in home- 
spun. A daughter and son, Nancj' J., and John 
M., have blessed her wedded life with our subject. 
Nancy married Edward T. Neel, and resides in 
Walla Walla, Wash.; John M. married Alice Frencii, 
and resides near Cumberland, Case Co., Iowa. 

A man of pure, lofty nature, truthful and hon- 
est, integritj' unswerving, on whose career in pub- 
lic or private life, no one can cast an aspersion, 
gifted with a keen, clear intellect, and remarkably 
well-informed, our subject has played no unim- 
portant part in upbuilding not only the material 
prosperity of this favored portion of Kansas, but 
he aided in la3-ing the foundation, and in erect- 
ing the superstructure of its [jrescnt high social and 
moral status. He has taken part in the political 
and public life of the various States in whicli he 
has lived, making their interests his own. He was 
in early life an old-line Whig, and cast his first vote 

for John Bell for Congress, and his first Presiden- 
tial vote for William H. Harrison, the illustrious 
grandfather of our present President. He was a 
Republican before the formation of the party, and 
was among the first to identify himself with it. 
He was elected to the Tennessee State Legislature 
when he was but twenty-six years of age, being a 
candidate of the Whig partj-, and in the f^ill of 
1888 he was elected to represent this district in the 
Kansas Legislature, his course in both bodies mark- 
ing him as a sound and liberal statesman. He served 
with ability on several important committees in the 
latter, being a member of the Committee of Fed- 
eral Relations, Chairman of the Committee on 
Internal Improvement, and a member of the Com- 
mittee on Emigration. In commemoration of his 
army life, he is now connected with the G. A. R., 
belonging to AVill Mendcll Post, No. 46. He is a 
Royal Arch Mason. 



iLISHA D. ROSE, an honored veteran of 
the late war, and United States Commis- 
sioner for the District of Kansas, was a 
pioneer of Holton, with whose growth he has ever 
since been identified. For several j'ears he has 
been actively engaged in the real-estate business, 
and while thus gre.atlj' aiding in building up the 
cit3', he has sought in various wa3\s to promote its 
highest interests as a private citizen, and when 
he was at the head of the municipal government, 
or when he has served in a judicial capacit3-. 

Mr. Rose was born April-25, 1831, the town of 
Broome, Schoharie Co., N. Y., being the place of 
his birth. Seth Rose, his father, was a native of 
Vermont, his birth occurring there April 16, 1802. 
He went to Schoharie County in early manhood, 
married, and engaged in farming there until 
1834, when he emigrated to Indiana with five or 
six other families, making the entire journey across 
the wild, unsettled country that intervened, with 
ox-teams, cooking and camping by the wa3-side at 
noon and night. Mr. Rose located in La Porte 
County among its pioneers. There were no rail- 
ways in that then thinh' settled wilderness, and 
Michigan Cit3% on Lake Michigan was the only 



market. Deer and wild turkeys furnished a bounti- 
ful supply of delicious meat for the settlers, and 
bears were plentiful. lie built a log house on his 
place, cleared about twenty acres of his land, and 
was in a fair way to improve a fine farm when his 
earthly career was prematurely closed by his death 
Jan. 30, 1839, and all that was mortal of him was 
consigned to the cemetery near b^', whei-e be is 
sleeping the sleep of the just. He was a sturdy, 
upright man, of unswerving integrity, and in his 
death his community suffered a great loss. His 
wife, to whom he was married Feb. o, 1823, also 
spent her last years on tiie old homestead in La 
Porte County, passing away in war times. She 
was born Nov. 9, 1800, her maiden name being 
Sally B. Palmer. The following are the names of 
the seven children that blessed the marriage of that 
worthy couple : Ambrose, Anna, Milton, Elisha, Ros- 
well, Emeline and Harriet; Rossvell and our subject 
being the only meraliers of the famii}- now living. 
He of whom we write was seven years old when 
his father died, and two jears later he went to live 
wich a neighboring farmer, and was allowed to at- 
tend school in winter, and at other times assisted 
on the farm. He remained with him three years, 
and at the end of that time went to La Porte to 
learn the trade of a blacksmith, serving an appren- 
ticeship of three 3-ears. After that he did journey- 
work in the country a few months, and in 1849 
struck out for the North, where he shrewdly fore- 
saw that he would have broader fields of labor in 
newly settled portions of the country where men 
of liis catling would be inactive demand. He made 
his way to Wisconsin -and engaged as a jourue}'- 
man at his trade in Waukan, and visited other 
parts of the State. After a sojourn of a year and 
a iialf in that portion of the Northwest, he returned 
to La Porte County-, and followed blacksmithing 
tliere a short time and then purchased the shop of 
his emplo3-er at Westville and did general work in 
his line in that place two years. His next move 
was to Orr's Corners, where he was active!^- en- 
gaged at his vocation till 1858. In that year he 
came to tiic Territory- of Kansas, traveling by rail 
to St. Joseph, and thence on the Missouri River to 
Leavenworth, and from there by stage to Topeka, 
which was then but a small villaoc of two or three 

hundred people, and the surrounding country was 
ver3' thinly inhabited. Our subject located at 
Indianola, then a flourishing village, on the Gov- 
ernment Road, three miles northwest of Topeka. 
IIo built a shop in that place, and carried on his 
trade until 1861. In September of that year he 
laid aside his work to take up arms in defence of 
his country, enlisting in Company E, 8th Kansas 
Infantry and going South. He veteranized in 
February, 1864, and served with his regiment, tak- 
ing part in many important engagements, until liis 
discharge Jan. 9. 1866, proving to be a courage- 
ous, self-sacrificing, capable soldier, ever faithful to 
his duties, and always read}' and prompt in the 
hour of need. 

After his experience of army life Mr. Rose re- 
turned to liis home in Jackson Countj-, whence 
he came to Holton in 1868, and has ever since 
been a resident of this city. In 1876 he en- 
tered upon his present business as a real estate 
dealer, and has very prosperously engaged at it 
from tliat time, much of the property of this city 
and the surrounding countj- having passed through 
his hands, and he is constantly making large sales 
of realty for other people, doing all that he can to 
encourage the growth of this municipalitj'. 

In 1852 Mr. Rose was united in marriage to Miss 
INIary M. Smith, a native of Ohio, ar.d a daughter 
of Richard P. and Margaret Smith. The follow- 
ing are the five children that have been born of tlielr 
union: Josephine, wife of E. B. Junes, a resident 
of Holton; Alice, living at home with her parents; 
Ed S. ; Frank and William. Mrs. Rose is a true 
home-maker, who looks w-ell after the comfort and 
well-being of tlie inmates of her household. She 
is a devoted Ciiristianand a valued member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. 

The wealth and prosperitj' of the city of Holton 
are due in a great measure to such men as our sub- 
ject, whose judgment singled it out as an eligible 
point for business in the midst of a country pos- 
sessing vast resources waiting for development hy 
master hands and minds. In him Holton has found 
one of her most useful citizens, a man of keen 
foresight, shrewd business qualifications, of incor- 
ruptible nature, and open hearted and generous 
handed. He has filled various offices of trust with 



characteristic fidelity and ability, having served as 
Count}^ Clcrii for eight years. He was Justice of 
the Peace when Kansas was a territory, and was 
Postmaster of Indianola at the time of his enlist- 
ment. For two terms he stood at the helm and 
skillfully guided the public affairs of this city, 
serving very acceptably as its Ma3-or. He has 
served the city as Judge for six years, which 
otliije he still holds, and is at present United 
States Commissioner for the District of Kansas. In 
anti-bellum da3's he was a Democrat. Differing 
materially from the majority of his party on the 
slavery question, he earl3' identified himself with 
the Republicans, and has ever since been a stanch 
supporter of the principles of the part3'. He is 
connected with the following social organizations: 
Holton Lodge, No. 42, A. F. & A. M.; Will Men- 
dell Post, No. 46, G. A. R., and the Loyal Legion 
of Kansas. 

AVID BENDER. Prominent among the 
pioneers of 1869, Mr. Bender deserves 
^^ more than a passing notice in a work de- 
signed to perpetuate the names of those 
who came to Northern Kansas when a large por- 
tion of the land lay as the Indian had left it. The 
country was but thinl3' settled, and was just be- 
coming safe to live in after the vicissitudes of the 
Civil War, and during which Kansas had been the 
scene of man3^ a traged3'. Soon after his arrival 
here, Mr. Bender purchased a quarter-section of 
land, within which was included the present site of 
Powhattan. He held |)OSsession until 1881, then 
selling out, [)urchased the quarter-section which he 
now owns and occupies, and which comprises one 
)f the finest farms in Jackson County. There was 
upon it at tlie time of its purchase by Mr. Bender, 
a large house built in Southern stv'le, which the 
faniil3' occupied for a lime, when it was then torn 
down, and upon its ruins was erected the present 
handsome dwelling. This latter is a two-story 
structure, 32x33 feet in dimensions, finely finished, 
and costing over §2,000. It stands upon a gentle 
elevation overlooking the village of AVhiting, a 
half mile distant, and has one of the finest situ- 
ations on the line of the Rock Island road. This 

road runs about eighty rods in front of the house, 
while the central branch of the Union Pacific runs 
within twenty rods on the south. Upon the farm 
is a maple grove, ten acres in extent, also an orch- 
ard of about five acres, and man3' other trees orna- 
ment the place. There are all the outbuildings 
required for the shelter of stock and the storage 
of grain, including a mill house, whose machinery 
is operated by a windmill, which at the same time 
pumps water for stock and furnishes the motor 
power for the machinery used in shelling corn and 
grinding grain. The main barn accommodates 
twelve head of horses and about five tons of hay. 
The farm is mostly enclosed and divided with 
hedge fencing, wiiich, neatly trimmed, presents a 
beautiful appearance. The whole premises indi- 
cate in a remarkable manner the industry, thrift 
and intelligence of the proprietor. 

Mr. Bender comes of substantial stock, and was 
born in Cumberland County, Pa., April 12, 1830. 
He lived in Carlisle until a young man of twenty 
years, acquiring his education in the common 
school. When seventeen years old he entered upon 
an apprenticeship at blacksmithing, at Valley 
Forge, five miles below his home, and three years 
later, having become fa journeyman, set out to 
battle witii the world. He first made his way to 
AVooster, Ohio, where he worked at his trade one 
3-ear, and then changed his residence to Ashland. 
fn the latter place he lived with an uncle, and later 
was joined by his father's family, with whom he 
took up his abode. He remained in Ohio for seven 
years, and in the meantime, Feb. 18, 1855, was 
united in wedlock with Miss Sarah J., daughter of 
the Rev. Jesse Ilines, a minister of the German 
Reformed Church. In 1858 Mr. Bender, with liis 
little family, leaving the Buckeye State, removed 
to Iowa, and .settled on Spring Creek, in Black 
Hawk County. He fii-st secured forty acres of land, 
and subsequently purchased ninety acres, and upon 
this land operated for a period of eleven years, 
coming thence, in 1869, to Kansas. 

The parents of our ^subject were Martin and 
Sarah (Steinhour) Bender, who were born and 
reared in Pennsylvania, but were of German de- 
scent. The maiden name of the mother of Mrs. 
Bender was Elizabeth Ilockensmith, of Marvland. 



Her paternal grandfather was Jesse Hines, of Scotch- 
Irish stock. Mr. Bender, politically, is a Demo- 
crat, and a stanch supporter of the principles of 
his partj\ In Iowa he served as Justice of the 
Peace two terms, and was also Roadmaster and 
School Director. Both he and his wife are mem- 
bers in good standing of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, with which they have been connected for 
nearly a quarter of a centurj'. and in the doctrines 
of which they have carefully trained their children, 
who bid fair to follow in the footsteps of their 

Of the eleven children born to our subject and 
his wife, the record is as follows: Rumina died in 
the twenty-eighth year of her age. July 19, 1884; 
Edwin A., who is married and the father of three 
children, is operating a farm in Whiting Town- 
ship; John O., who is married, and has four chil- 
dren, lives on a farm east of the town of Whiting. 
Louis C. is married, but has no children ; he lives 
one and one half miles east of Whiting. William 
IMeC. is unmarried, and is farming east of Whiting; 
Hattie Viola is the wife of Oscar Porter, and thej 
live on a farm south of Goff, Nemeha County; they 
have two children. Flora Ella is the wife of Will- 
iam Banks, of Whiting Township; they live on a 
a farm, and have one child. Jesse D., Martin A. 
and Alfred Wesley remain at the homestead. Mary 
R., a 3'oung miss of thirteen years, is attending 
school in Whiting. 

HOMAS P. MOORE, President of the First 
National Bank of Holton, was the pioneer 
banker of Jackson County, and is first and 

foremost among the men of ability and enterprise 
who have advanced the commercial prosperity of 
Holton, and made it the wealthy and flourishing 
metropolis of to-day, with extensive business in- 
terests, handsome Iniildings and residences, and 
with fine educational and religious institutions. 
He is a prominent figure in public life, in society 
and in politics, and is always lo be found on the 
side of the right in all tlie great issues that agitate 
the minds of the people. 

A native of Belmont County, Ohio, Thomas P. 

Moore was born amid its pioneer scenes Feb. 20, 
1839. His father, William Moore, was a native of 
Pennsylvania, and James Moore, his grandfather, 
was a native of the North of Ireland. He came to 
America in early manhood, and settling in Penn- 
sylvania, passed the remainder of his life there. 
The maiden name of his wife was Isabella McBur- 
• nej'. and she was a lifelong resident of the Key- 
stone State. Both she and ber husband were 
devoted Presbyterians. 

The father of our subject passed his early life in 
his native State, and when a young man went to 
Ohio, and there married Mai-ga ret Parr, a native of 
Belmont Count}', that State. Her father, Thomas 
Parr, was a pioneer of that section of the country, 
where he carried on farming the rest of his life, 
clearing and improving a good farm. The father 
of our suljject, after learning the trade of a tanner, 
followed it there a few years, and then devoted 
himself to agriculture. Buying timber land in 
Belmont County, he built a log house, which was 
afterward the birthplace of our subject, and then 
he commenced to clear awaj' the forest trees from 
his land. After improving a part of it he sold it 
at a good advance, and removed to Morgan 
County, where he invested in another tract of wild 
land. He cleared the greater part of that tract 
before he disposed of it, and emigrated to Iowa in 
1857. In that State he was a pioneer of AVashing- 
ton County, where he bought a prairie farm and 
also village property in AVashington. During the 
few }-ears of life that were left to hira, he was suc- 
cessfully engaged in the management of his farm. 
His death, which occurred in 1864, was a loss to 
the coramnnity, as he was a man of intelligence 
and strict probity. His wife died in 1851, in Mor- 
gan County, Ohio. 

Thomas P. Moore, of this biographical sketch, 
received his earl^- education in the public schools 
of Morgan County, Ohio, and after the removal of 
the familj' to Iowa he attended college at Wash- 
ington, and was there fitted for any vocation ho 
might choose to adopt, and he entered the profess- 
ion of teaching. After an experience of three years 
in that line in Washington and Randolph Counties, 
Mo., he turned his attention to the mercantile 
business in Washington, Iowa, and acted as clerk 



there one year. At the end of that time he es- 
tablished liimself in business in that cit}', carry- 
ing it on nine years. In 1872 lie sold his property 
there and came to Helton, Kan., and was the first 
to establish a bank in Jackson County, which he 
called the Holton Exchange Bank. There were at 
that time only about 600 people here, and Netawaka 
was the nearest railway station. He has been en- 
g.aged in the banking business in this city continu- 
ously since, and in 1883 he organized the First 
National Bank of Holton, and has always been its 
President. Its correspondents are Knauth, Nachod 
ife Kuiine. and Ninth National Bank of New York 
Citj'; with the National liaiik of Commerce, Kansas 
Cit3% and with the First National Bank, Leaven- 
worth, and it does a large business. 

The marriage of Mr. Moore with Miss Annetta, 
daughter of Gordon and Elizabeth Mallett, and a 
native of Lee County, Iowa, was celebrated in 
March, 1862. Five children have been born to 
them, namely: Fred G., who was a student at the 
Annapolis Naval Academy three j'cars, and com- 
pleted his studies at Princeton, and is now Assistant 
Cashier in the First National Bank; Scott R., a 
student at Campbell Universit}'; Annie P., Daisy 
L. and Cora B. 

Mr. Moore combii es great financial talent and 
rare business tact, witii fine powers of discrimina- 
tion and great tenacity of purpose, and honoring 
independence, industry and integrity' in thought 
and example, his success in life is complete. He 
has been as jirominently identified with the civic 
life of Ilollon, as with its commercial and other 
interests, and has been instrumental in a large 
degree in theestablisliment of a wise and enlightened 
city govennent, and in building up good schools 
for the education of its youth. He has served sev- 
eral terms as a member of the School Board, and 
he was Mayor of Holton two terms. It was during 
his vigorous administration of the city affairs in the 
latter capacity that this ardent temperance worker 
aided in driving the liquor saloons from this munic. 
ipalitj'. He has always used his influence to aid 
in bringing about needed reforms, or to further 
schemes for the improvement of the city, county or 
State. In politics, he is a firm Repuljlican. He was 
ap[iointcd a member of the Board of Regents of 

the Kansas Stute Agricultural Society, in 1 SK;), and Loan Commissioner three ^-ears, and lias been 
President of the Board since April, 1889. He is 
connected with the A. F. & A. M. order as a mem- 
ber of Holton Lodge, No. 34, and belongs to Friend- 
ship Lodge, No. 1 769, K. of II. Both he and his es- 
timable wife are leading members of the Presbyte- 
rian Church, of which he has been Ruling Elder 
many years. It is said, "By their fruit ye shall 
know them:" Surely the unswerving integrity of 
an upright life proves the reality and worth of his 

/^ HARLES K. STEVENS, Postmaster of Fos- 
(ll fil '•'^''•''*' Pottawatomie Co., Kan., is proprie- 
^^^' tor of the Eagle Hotel, and is also a large 
dealer in groceries. His irade in the latter busi- 
ness is extensive, and in all his relations with his 
fellow-men, whether of a social or a business na 
ture, he is highly esteemed and very popular. He 
was born in Bradford County, Pa., Nov. 29, 1843, 
and was reared in his native place, receiving a good 
common-school education, afterward attending the 
excellent academy at Camptown, where he finished 
his studies, so far as school-life is concerned, but 
he has always taken a deep interest in the historj' 
of the past, and keeps well posted in current liter- 
ature. Upc5n leaving school he engaged in the 
honorable but oftentimes trying occupation of 
teaching, in which he had good success. During 
the summers when the schools were enjoying vaca- 
tion, he employed himself on the farm, and fol- 
lowed that plan of teaching in winter and farming 
in summer until he started West in 18G9. He look 
the trip in a leisurely fashion, stopping six months 
at ].,anark. 111., and finally reaching Leavenworth 
October 3, in the fall of the same year in which he 
left home. Proceeding on iiis journey he reached 
Oskaloosa, Jefferson Co., Kan., and t.aught school 
that winter. He remained in that town for about 
one year, leaving on Oct. II, 1870, for Shannon 
Township, where he took up a homestead of eighty 
acres of raw land on section 14. 

On April 12, 1870, Mr. Stevens was united in 
marri.age with Miss LovicaKeeney. of .Stcvensville, 
Bradford Co., Pa., and she .accompanied him to his 



farm in the fall. Iinmeiiiately upon taking posses- 
sion of liis land, Jlr. Stevens set to work and built 
a comfortable frame house, and then proceeded to 
make all the other improvements. Breaking up 
the tough sod, building fences, and planting trees, 
kept him busy, but it was labor that well repaid the 
time and trouble spent in it, as he so