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Full Page Portraits and Biographical Sketches of Prominent and 
Representative Citizens of the County, 







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HE greatest of Enylisli liistorians, M \c.\ulay, and one of the most brilliant writers oi 
the present centiuy, has saiil: '-Tliu history of a country- is best told in a record of the 
lives of its people." In conformit}' with this idea the Poktkait and BiodUAPiiiCAL 
ALiiUMof this county has been prepared. Instead of going to musty records, and 
taking tiierefrom dry statistical matter that can be appreeuited by but few, our 
corps of writers have gone to the people, the men and women who have, by their 
enterprise and industry, brought the county to a rank second to none among those 
comprising this great and noble ^tate, and from their lips have the story of their life 
struggles. No more interesting or instructive matter could be presented to an intelli- 
gent public. In this volume will be found a record of many whose lives are worthy the 
imitation of coming generations. It tells how some, commencing life in poverty, by 
industry and economy have accumulated wealth. It tells how others, with limited 
advantages for securing an education, have become learned men and women, with an 
inllucnce extending throughout the length and breadth of the land. It tells of men who 
have risen from the lower walks of life to eminence as statesmen, and whose names have 
^^'^%^ become famous. It tells of those in every walk jli life who have striven to succeed and 
^ ^ records how that success usually crowned their efforts. It tells also of many, very 

many, who, not seeking the applause of the world, have pursued "the even tenor of their way," content 
to have it said of them as Christ said of the woman performing a deed of mercy — "they have done what 
they could." It tells how that many in the pride and strength of young manhood left the plow and the 
anvil, the lawyer's office and the counting-room, left every trade and profession, and at their country '.s 
call went forth valiantly "to do or die," and how through their efforts the Union was restored and ueace 
once more reigned in the land. In the life of every man and of every woman is a lesson that should not 
be lost upon those who follow after. 

Coming generations will appreciate this volume and preserve it as a sacred treasure, from the fact 
that it contains so much that would never find its way into public records, and which would otherwise be 
inaccessible. Great care has been taken in the compilation of the work and every opportunity possible 
given to those represented to insure correctness in what has been written, and the publishers Hatter them- 
selves that they give to their readers a work with few errors of consequence. In addition to the biograph- 
ical sketches, portraits of a number of representative citizens are given. 

The faces of some, and biographical sketches of many, will be missed in this volume. For this the 
publishers are not to blame. Not having a proper conception of the work, some refused to "ive the 
information necessary to compile a sketch, while others were indifferent. Occasionally some member of 
the family would oppose the enterprise, and on account of such opposition the support of the interested 
one would be withheld. In a few instances men could never be found, though repeated calls were made 
at their residence or place of business. 

CoiCAOo, .lunc, 1800 '-^'^''' ^'•'^'^' I'^BLLSIIINCi CO. 



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HE Father of our Country was 
I born ill Westmorland Co., Va., 
' Feb. 2 2, 1732. His parents 
were Augustine and Mary 
g.^ ,_ .^ ^JI^J.^ ^ (Ball) Washington. The family 
\^f--x" S-^/ to which he belonged has not 
been satisfactorily traced in 
England. His great-grand- 
father, John Washington, em- 
igrated to Virginia about 1657, 
and became a prosperous 
planter. He had two sons, 
Lawrence and John. The 
former married Mildred Warner 
and had three children, John, 
Augustine and Mildred. Augus- 
tine, the father of (ieorge, first 
married Jane Butler, who bore 
him four children, two of whom, 
Lawrence and Augustine, reached 
maturity. Of six children by his 
second marriage, George was the 
eldest, the others being Betty, 
Samuel, John Augustine, Charles 
and Mildred. 
Augustine Washington, the father of George, died 
in 1743, leaving a large landed property. To his 
eldest son, Lawrence, he bequeathed an estate on 
the Patomac, afterwards known as Mount Vernon, 
and to George he left the parental residence. George 
received only such education as the neighborhood 
schools afforded, save for a short time after he left 
school, when he received private instruction in 
mathematics. His spellinii v/as rather defective. 

Remarkable stories are told of his great ijhysica. 
strength and development at an early age. He was 
an acknowledged leader among his companions, and 
was early noted for that nobleness of character, fair- 
ness and veracity which characterized his whole life. 

When George was 14 years old he had a desire to go to 
sea, and a midshipman's warrant was secured for him, 
but through the opposition of his mother the idea was 
abandontd. Two years later he was appointed 
surveyor to the immense estate of Lord Fairfax. In 
this business he spent three years in a rough frontier 
life, gaining experience which afterwards proved very 
essential to him. In 1751, though only ig years of 
age, he was appointed adjutant with the rank of 
major in the Virginia militia, then being trained for 
active service against the French and Indians. Soon 
after this he sailed to the West Indies with his brother 
Lawrence, who went there to restore his health. They 
soon returned, and in the summer of T752 Lawrence 
died, leaving a large fortune to an infant daughter 
who did not long survive him. On her demise the 
estate of Mount Vernon was given to George. 

Upon the arrival of Robert Dinwiddie, as Lieuten- 
ant-Governor of Virginia, in 1752, the militia wa? 
reorganized, and the province divided into four mili- 
tary districts, of which the northern was assigned to 
Washington as adjutant general. Shortly after this 
a very perilous mission was assigned him and ac- 
cepted, which others had refused. This was to pro- 
ceed to the French post near Lake Erie in North- 
western Pennsylvania. The distance to be traversed 
was between 500 and 600 miles. Winter was at hand, 
and th.c journey was to be made without military 
escort, through a territory occupied by Indians. The 


trip was a perilous one, and several limes he came near 
losing his life, yet he returned in safety and furnished 
a full and useful report of his expedition. A regiment 
of 300 men was raised in Virginia and put in com- 
mand of Col. Joshua Fry, and Major Wasliington was 
commissioned lieutenant-colonel. Active war was 
then begun against the French and Indians, in which 
Washington took a most important part. In the 
memorable event of July 9, 1755, known as Brad- 
dock's defeat, Washington was almost the only officer 
of distinction who escaped from the calamities of the 
day with life and honor. The other aids of Braddock 
were disabled early in the action, and Washington 
alone was left in that capacity on the field. In a letter 
to his brother he says: "I had four bullct.s through 
my coat, and two horses shot under me, yet I escaped 
unhurt, though death was levelin", my companions 
on every side." An Indian sharpshooter said he was 
not l)orn to be killed by a bullet, for he had taken 
direct aim at him seventeen times, and failed to hit 

After having been five years in the military service, 
and vainly sought promotion in the royal army, he 
took advantage of the fall of Fort Duquesne and the 
expulsion of the French from the valley of the Ohio, 
10 resign his commission. Soon after he entered the 
Legislature, where, although not a leader, he took an 
active and important part. January 17, 1759, he 
married Mrs. Martha (Dandridge) Custis, the wealthy 
widow of John Parke Custis. 

When the British Parhament had closed the port 
if Boston, the cry went up throughout the provinces 
Ihat "The cause of Boston is the cause of us all." 
It was then, at the suggestion of Virginia, that a Con- 
gress of all the colonies was called to meet at Phila- 
delphia,Sei)t. 5, 1774, to secure their common liberties, 
peacealily if possiljle. To this Congress Col. Wash- 
ington was sent as a delegate. On May lo, 1775, the 
Congress re-assembled, when the hostile intentions of 
England were plainly apparent. The battles of Con- 
cord and Le.xington had been fought. Among the 
first acts of this Congress was the election of a com- 
mander-in-chief of the colonial forces. This high and 
responsil)le office was conferred upon Washington, 
who was still a member of the Congress. He accepted 
it on June 19, but upon the express condition that he 
receive no salary. He would keep an exact account 
of expenses and expect Congress lo pay them and 
nothing more. It is not the object of this sketch to 
trace the military acts of Washington, to whom the 
fortunes and liberties of the people of this country 
were so long confided. The war was conducted by 
him under every possible disadvantage, and while his 
forces often met with reverses, yet he overcame every 
obstacle, and after seven years of heroic devotion 
and matchless skill he gained liberty for the greatest 
nation of earth. On Dec. 23, 1783, Washington, in 
a paiting address of surpassing beauty, resigned his 

commission as commander-in-chief of the army to 
to the Continental Congress sitting at Annapolis. He 
retired immediately to Mount Vernon and resumed 
his occupation as a farmer and planter, shunning all 
connection with public life. 

In February, 1789, Washington was unanimously 
elected President. In his presidential career he was 
subject to the peculiar trials incidental to a hew 
government ; trials from lack of confidence on the part 
of other governments ; trials from want of harmony 
between the different sections of our own country; 
trials from the impoverished condition of the country, 
owmgto the war and want of credit; trials from the 
beginnings of party strife. He was no partisan. His 
clear judgment could discern the golden mean ; and 
while perhaps this alone kept our government from 
sinking at the very outset, it left him exposed to 
attacks from both sides, which were often bitter and 
very annoying. 

At the expiration of his first term he was unani- 
mously re-elected. At the end of this term many 
were anxious that he be re-elected, but he absolutely 
refused a third nomination. On the fourth of March, 
1797, at the expiraton of his second term as Presi- 
dent, he returned to his home, ho])ing to pass there 
his few rentaining years free from the annoyances of 
public life. Later in the year, however, his repose 
seemed likely to be interrupted by war with France. 
At the prospect of such a war he was again urged to 
take command of the armies. He chose his sub- 
ordinate officers and left to them the charge of mat- 
ters in the field, which he superintended from his 
home. In accepting the command he made the 
reservation that he was not to be in the field until 
it was necessary. In the midst of these preparations 
his life was suddenly cut off. December i 2, he took 
a severe cold from a ride in the rain, which, settling 
in his throat, produced inflammation, and terminated 
fatally on the night of the fourteenth. On the eigh- 
teenth his body was borne with military honors to its 
final resting place, and interred in the family vault at 
Mount Vernon. 

Of the character of Washington it is impossible to 
speak but in terms of the highest respect and ad- 
miration. The more we see of the operations of 
our government, and the more deeply we feel the 
difficulty of uniting all opinions in a common interest, 
the more highly we must estimate the force <if his tal- 
ent and character, which have been able to challenge 
the reverence of all parties, and principles, and na- 
tions, and to win a fame as extended as the limits 
of the globe, and which we cannot but believe will 
be as lasting as the existence of man. 

The person of Washington was unusally tali, erect 
and well iiroportioned. His muscular strength was 
great. His features were of a beautiful symmetry'. 
He commanded respect without any appearance of 
haughtiness, and ever serious without being dull. 





OHN ADAMS, the second 
President and the first Vice- 
President of the United States, 
was born in Braintree ( now 
Quincy ),Mass., and about ten 
^ miles from Boston, Oct. ig, 
K^-yV-r^gi 1735. His great-grandfather, Henry 

Adams, emigrated from England 
about 1640, with a family of eight 
' !. sons, and settled at Braintree. The 
parents of John were John and 
Susannah (Boylston) Adams. His 
father was a farmer of limited 
means, to which he added the bus- 
iness of slioemaking. He gave his 
eldest son, John, a classical educa- 
tion at Harvard College. John 
graduated in 1755, and at once took charge of the 
school in Worcester, Mass. This he found but a 
'school of affliction," from which he endeavored to 
gain relief by devoting himself, in addition, to the 
study of law. For this purijose he placed himself 
under the tuition of the only lawyer in the town. He 
had thought seriously of the clerical profession 
but seems to have been turned from this by what he 
termed "the frightful engines of ecclesiastical coun- 
cils, cf diabolical malice, and Calvanistic good nature,'' 
of the operations of which he had been a witness in 
his native town. He was well fitted for the legal 
profession, possessing a clear, sonorous voice, being 
ready and fluent of speech, and having quick percep- 
tive i»wers. He gradually gained practice, and in 
1764 married Abigail Smith, a daughter of a minister, 
and a lady of superior intelligence. Shortly after his 
marriage, (17(15), the attempt of Parliamentary taxa- 
tion turned him from law to politics. He took initial 
steps toward holdin^, a town meeting, and the resolu- 

tions he offered on the sul)ject became very populai 
throughout the Provnice, and were adopted word for 
word by over forty different towns. He moved to Bos- 
ton in 1768, and became one of the most courageous 
and prominent advocatesof the popular cause, and 
was chosen a member of the General Court (the Leg- 
lislature) in 1770. 

Mr. Adams was chosen one of the first delegates 
from Massachusetts to the first Continental Congress, 
which met in 1774. Here he distinguished himselt 
by his capacity for business and for debate, and ad- 
vocated the movement for independence against the 
majority of the members. In May, 1776, he mcved 
and carried a resolution in Congress that the Colonies 
should assume the duties of self-government. He 
was a prominent member of the committee of iive 
appointed June 11, to prepare a declaration of inde- 
pendence. This article was drawn by Jefferson, but 
on Adams devolved the task of battling it through 
Congress in a three days debate. 

On the day after the Declaration of Independence 
was passed, while his soul was yet warm with th^ 
glow of excited feeling, he wrote a letter to his wife 
which, as we read it now, seems to have been dictated 
by the spirit of prophecy. "Yesterday," he says, "the 
greatest question was decided that ever was debated 
in America; and greater, perhaps, never was or wil 
be decided among men. A resolution was passed 
without one dissenting colony, ' that these United 
States are, and of right ought to be, free and inde- 
pendent states.' The day is passed. The fourth of 
July, 1776, will be a memorable epoch in the history 
of America. I am apt to believe it will be celelirated 
by succeeding generations, as the great anniversary 
festival. It ought to be commemorated as the day of 
deliverance by solemn acts of devotion to Almighty 
God. It ought to be solemnized with ix>mp, shows. 



games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires, and illuminations 
from one end of the continent to the other, from this 
time forward for ever. You will think me transported 
with enthusiasm, but I am not. I am well aware of 
the toil, and blood and treasure, that it will cost to 
maintain this declaration, and support and defend 
these States; yet, through all the gloom, I can see the 
rays of light and glory. 1 can see that the end is 
worth more than all the means; and that iwsterity 
will triumph, although you and I may rue, which I 
hope we shall not." 

In November, 1777, Mr. Adams was appointed a 
delegate to France, and to co-operate with Bemjamin 
Franklin and Arthur Lee, who were then in Paris, in 
the endeavor to obtain assistance in arms nnd money 
from the French Government. This was a severe trial 
to his patriotism, as it separated him from his home, 
comiielled him to cross the ocean in winter, and ex- 
jxjsed him to great peril of capture by the British cruis- 
ers, who were seeking him. He left France June 17, 
1779. In September of the same year he was again 
chosen to go to Paris, and there hold himself in readi- 
ness to negotiate a treaty of peace and of commerce 
with Great Britian, as soon as tlie British Cabinet 
might Ije found willing to listen to such pioposcls. He 
sailed for France in November, from there he went to 
Holland, wliere he negotiated important loans and 
formed important commercial treaties. 

Finally a treaty of peace with England was signed 
Jan. 21, 1783. The re-action from the excitement, 
toil and anxiety through which Mr. Adams had passed 
threw him into a fever. After suffering from a con- 
tinued fever and becoming feeble and emaciated he 
was advised to goto England to drink the waters of 
Bath. While in England, stilklroopinganddesixDnd- 
ing, he received dispatches from his own government 
urging the necessity of his going to .(Xmsterdam to 
negotiate another loan. It was winter, his health was 
delicate, yet he immediately set out, and through 
storm, on sea, on horseback and foot,he made the trip. 

February 24, 1785, Congress apixjinted Mr. Adams 
envoy to the Court of St. James. Here he met face 
to face the King of England, who had so long re- 
garded him as a traitor. As England did not 
condescend to appoint a minister to the United 
States, and as Mr. Adams felt that he was accom- 
plishing Init little, he sought ))ermission to return to 
his own country, where he arrived in June, 1788. 

When Washington was first chosen President, John 
Adams, rendered illustiious by his signal services at 
home and abroad, was chosen Vice President. .Again 
at the second election of Washington as President, 
Adams was chosen Vice President. Tn 1796, Wash- 
ington retired from public life, and Mr. Adams was 
elected President,though not without much opposition. 
Serving in this office four years, he was succeeded by 
Mr. Jefferson, hisoppf)nent in ]x>litics. 

While Mr. Adams was Vice President the great 

French Revolution shook the continent of Europe, 
and it was upon this point which he was at issue with 
the majority of his countr)'men led by Mr. Jefferson. 
Mr. Adams felt no sympathy with the French people 
in tlieir struggle, for he had no confidence in their 
jxjwer of self-government, and he utterly abhored the 
classof atheist philoso[)hers who he claimed caused it. 
On the other hand Jefferson's sympathies were strongly 
enlisted in behalf of the French peo;)le. Hence or- 
iginated the alienation between these distinguished 
men, and two powerful parlies were thus soon organ- 
ized, Adams at the head of the one whose sympathies 
were with England and Jefferson led the other in 
sympathy with France. 

Tlie world has seldom seen a spectacle of more 
moral beauty and grandeur, than was presented by the 
old age of Mr, Adams. The violence of party feeling 
had died away, and he had begun to receive that just 
appreciation which, to most men, is not accorded till 
after death. No one could look upon his venerable 
form, and think of what he had done and suffered, 
and how he had given up all the prime and strength 
of his life to the public good, without the deepest 
emotion of gratitude and respect. It was his peculiar 
good fortune to witness the complete success of the 
institution which he had been so active in creating and 
supi)orting. In 1824, his cup of happiness was filled 
to the brim, by seeing his son elevated to the highest 
station in the gift of the people. 

The fourth of July, 1826, which completed the half 
century since the signing of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, arrived, and there were but three of the 
signers of that immortal instrument left upon the 
earth to hail its morning light. And, as it is 
well known, on that day two of these finished theii 
earthly pilgrimage, a coincidence so remarkable as 
to seem miraculous. For a few days before Mr. 
Adams had been rapidly failing, and on the morning 
of the fourth he found himself too weak to rise from 
his bed. On being requested to name a toast for the 
customary celebration of the day, he exclaimed " In- 
DEPENDKXCE FOREVER." When the day was ushered 
in, by the ringing of bells and the firing of cannons, 
he was asked by one of his attendants if he knew 
what day it was? He replied, "O yes; it is the glor- 
ious fourih of July — God bless it — God bless you all." 
In the course of the day he said, " It is a great ami 
glorious day." The last words he uttered were, 
" Jefferson survives." But he had, at one o'clock, re- 
signed his spiiit into the hands of his God. 

The jiersonal appearance and manners of Mr. 
Adams were not particularly preix)ssessing. His face, 
as his jiortrait manifests.was intellectual ard exjires- 
sive, hut his figure was low and ungraceful, and his 
manners were freiiuctitly abrupt and uncourteous. 
He had neither the lofty dignity of Washington, nor 
the engaging elegance and gracefulness which marked 
the manners ^nd address of Jefferson. 





FFEIR§©M. ^^ 

bum April 2, 1743, at Shad- 
S>*«ell, Albermarle county, Va. 
His parents were Peter and 
Jane ( Randolph) Jefferson, 
the former a native of Wales, 
and the latter born in Lon- 
don. To them were born six 
daugliters and two sons, of 
whom Thomas was the elder. 
W'b.en 14 years of age his 
fatlier died. He received a 
most liberal education, hav- 
ing been kept diligently at school 
from the time he was five years of 
age. In 1760 he entered William 
£.nd Mary College. Williamsburg was then the seat 
of the Colonial Court, and it was the obode of fashion 
and splendor. Young Jefferson, who was then 17 
years old, lived somewhat expensively, keeping fine 
horses, and much caressed by gay society, yet he 
was earnestly devoted to his studies, and irreproacha- 
able in his morals. It is strange, however, under 
such influences,tliat he was not ruined. In the sec- 
ond year of his college course, moved by some un- 
explained inward impulse, he discarded his horses,' 
society, and even his favorite violin, to which he had 
previously given much time. He often devoted fifteen 
hours a day to haid study, allowing himself for ex- 
ercise only a run in the evening twilight of a mile out 
of the city and back again. He thus attained very 
high intellectual culture, alike excellence in philoso- 
phy and the languages. The most difficult Latin and 
Greek authors he read witli facility. A more finished 
scholar, has seldom gone forth from college halls; and 

there was not to be found, perhaps, in ail Virginia, a 
more pureminded, upright, gentlemanly young man. 

Immediately upon leaving college he began the 
study of law. For the short time he continued in the 
practice of his profession he rose rapidly and distin- 
guished himself by his energy and accuteness as a 
lawyer. But the times called for greater action. 
The policy of England had awakened the spirit of 
resistance of the American Colonies, and the enlarged 
views which Jefferson had ever entertained, soon led 
him into active political life. In 1769 he was choser. 
a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses In 
1772 he married iVIrs. Martha Skelton, a very beauti- 
ful, wealthy and highly accomplished young widow 

Upon Mr. Jefferson's large estate at Shadwell, thjre 
was a majestic swell of land, called Monticello, whicl: 
commanded a prospect of wonderful extent and 
beauty. This spot Mr. Jefferson selected for his new 
home; and here he reared a mansion of modest ye^ 
elegant architecture, which, ne.xt to Mount Vernon 
became the most distinguished resort in our land. 

In 1775 he was sent to the Colonial Congress 
where, though a silent member, his abilities as a 
writer and a reasoner soon become known, and h.; 
was placed upon a number of important committees, 
and was chairman of the one appointed for the draw- 
ing up of a declaration of independence. This com- 
mittee consisted of Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, 
Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman and Robert R. 
Livingston. Jefferson, as chairman, was apjiointed 
to draw up the paper. Franklin and Adams suggested 
a few verbal changes before it was submitted to Con- 
gress. On June 28, a few slight changes were made 
in it by Congress, and it was ])assed and signed July 
4, 1776. What must have been the feelings of that 



man — what the emotions that swelled his breast — 
who was charged with the preparation of that Dec- 
laration, which, while it made known the wrongs of 
America, was also to publish her to the world, free, 
uoverign and independent. It is one of the most re- 
uiarkablc papers ever written ; and did no other effort 
i;f the mind of its author exist, that alone would be 
bufficient to stamp his name with immortality. 

In 1779 Mr. Jefferson was elected successor to 
Patrick Henry, r.s Governor of Virginia. At one time 
the British officer, Tarleton, sent a secret expedition to 
Monlicello, to capture the Governor. Scarcely five 
minutes elapsed after the hurried escape of Mr. Jef- 
ferson and his family, ere his mansion was in posses- 
sion of the British troops. His wife's health, never 
very good, was much injured by this excitement, and 
in the summer of 1782 she died. 

Mr. Jefferson was elected to Congress in 1783. 
Two years later he was appointed Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to France. Returning to the United States 
in September, 1789, he became Secretary of State 
in Washington's cabinet. This position he resigned 
Jan. r, 1794. In 1797, he was chosen Vice Presi- 
dent, and four years later was elected President over 
Mr. Adams, with Aaron Burr as Vice President. In 
1804 he was re-elected with wonderful unanimity, 
and George Clinton, Vice President. 

The early part of Mr. Jefferson's second adminstra- 
tion was disturbed by an event which threatened the 
tranquility and peace of the Union; this was the con- 
spiracy of Aaron Burr. Defeated in the late election 
to the Vice Presidency, and led on by an unprincipled 
ambition, this extraordinary man formed the plan of a 
military expedition into the Spanish territories on our 
southwestern frontier, for the purpose of forming there 
a new republic. This has been generally supposed 
was a mere pretext ; and although it has not been 
generally known what his real plans were, there is no 
doubt that they \\<ixt of a far more dangerous 

In 1809, at the expiration of the second term for 
which Mr. Jefferson had been elected, he determined 
to retire from political life. For a period of nearly 
-jrty years, he had been continually before the pub- 
.ic, and all tliat time had been employed in offices of 
the greatest trust and responsibility. Having thus de- 
voted the best part of his life to the service of his 
country, he now felt desirous of that rest which his 
declining years recjuired, and upon the organization of 
the new administration, in March, 1809, he bid fare- 
well forever to public life, and retired to Monticello. 

Mr. Jefferson was profuse in his hospitality. Whole 
families came in their coaches with their horses, — 
fathers and mothers, boys and girls, babies and 
nurses, — and remained three and even six months. 
Life at Monticello, for years, resembled that at a 
fashionable watering-place. 

The fourth of July, 1826, being the fiftieth anniver- 

sary of the Declaration of American Independence, 
great preparations were made in every part of the 
Union for its celebration, as the nation's jubilee, and 
the citizens of Washington, to add to the solemnity 
of the occasion, invited Mr. Jefferson, as the framer. 
and one of the few surviving signers of the Declara- 
tion, to participate in their festivities. But an ill- 
ness, which had been of several weeks duration, and 
had been continually increasing, compelled him to 
decline the invitation. 

On the second of July, the disease under which 
he was laboring left him, but in such a reduced 
state that his medical attendants, entertained nc 
hope of his recovery. From this time he was perfectly 
sensible that his last hour was at hand. On the next 
diiy, which was Monday, he asked of those around 
him, the day of the month, and on being told it was 
the third of July, he expres.;ed the earnest wish tha'. 
he might be jiermitted to breathe tl'iC airof the fiftieth 
anniversary. His prayer was heard — that day, whose 
dawn was hailed with such rapture through our land, 
burst upon his eyes, and then they were closed for- 
ever. And what a noble consummation of a noble 
life ! To die on that day, — the birthday of a nation,- - 
the day v/hich his own name and his own act had 
rendered glorious; to die amidst the rejoicings and 
festivities of a whole nation, who looked up to him, 
as the author, under God, of their greatest blessings, 
was all that was wanting to fill up the record his life. 

Almost at the same hour of his death, tlie kin- 
dred spirit of the venerable Adams, as if to bear 
him company, left the scene of his earthly honors. 
Hand in hand they had stood fortli, the champions of 
freedom; hand in hand, during the dark and desper- 
ate struggle of the Revolution, they had cheered and 
animated their desponding countrymen; for half a 
century they had labored together for the good of 
the country; and now hand in hand they depart. 
In their lives they had been united in the same great 
cause of liberty, and in their deaths they were not 

In person Mr. Jefferson was tall and thin, rather 
above six feet in height, but well formed; his eyes 
were light, his hair originally red, in after life became 
white and silvery; his complexion was fair, his fore- 
head broad, and his whole covmtenance intelligent and 
thoughtful. He possessed great fortitude of mind as 
well as personal courage ; and his command of tem- 
per was such that his oldest and most intimate friends 
never recollected to have seen him in a passion. 
His manners, though dignified, were simple and un- 
affected, and his hospitality was so unbounded that 
all found at his house a ready welcome. In conver- 
sation he was fluent, eloquent and enthusiastic ; and 
his language was remarkably pure and correct. He 
was a finished classical scholar, and in his writings is 
discernable the care with which he formed his style 
upon the best models of antiquity. 


/■ (2yO<.-^'-^ xt^6(f iiA.X^-^C^ /^Iv 




^j^^riQEs npDisoi].«f'** 




of the Constitution," and fourth 
President of t lie United States, 
was born March i6, 1757, and 
died at his home in Virginia, 
Tune 28, 1836. The name of 
James Madison is inseparabl)' con- 
nected with most of the important 
events in that heroic period of our 
„ country during which the founda- 
tions of this great repubUc were 
hiid. He was the hist of the founders 
of the Constitution of the United 
States to be called to his eternal 

The Madison family were among 
the early emigrants to the New World, 
landing upon the shores of the Chesa- 
peake but 15 years after the settle- 
ment of Jamestown. The father of 
James Madison was an opulent 
■planter, residing uix)n a very fine es- 
tate called "Montpelier," Orange Co., 
Va. The mansion was situated in 
the midst of scenery highly pictur- 
esque and romantic, on the west side 
of South-west Mountain, nt the foot of 
It was but 25 miles from the home of 
The closest personal and 

Blue Ridge. 

Jefferson at Monticello. 

political attachment existed between these illustrious 

men, from their early youth until death. 

The early education of Mr. Madison was conducted 
mostly at home under a private tutor. At the age of 
18 he was sent to Princeton College, in New Jersey. 
Here he applied himself to study with the most im- 

prudent zeal; allowing himself, for months, but three 
hours' sleep out of tiie 24. His health thus became so 
seriously impaired that he never recovered any vigor 
of constitution. He graduated in T771, with a feeble 
body, with a character of utmost purity, and with a 
mind highly disciplined and richly stored with learning 
which embellished and gave proficiency to his subst" 
quent career. 

Returning to Virginia, he commenced the study of 
law and a course of extensive an.d systematic reading. 
This educational course, the spirit of the times in- 
whicli he lived, and tlie society with which he asso- 
ciated, all combined to inspire him with a strong 
love of liberty, and to train him for his life-work ol 
a statesman. Being naturally of a religious turn of 
mind, and his frail health leading him to think that 
his life was not to be long, he directed especial atten- 
tion to theological studies. Endowed with a mmd 
singularly free from passion and prejudice, and with 
almost unequalled powers of reasoning, he weighed 
all llie arguments for and against revealed religion, 
until his faith became so established as never to 
be shaken. 

In the spring of 1776, when 26 years of age, he 
was elected a member of the Virginia Convention, to 
frame the constitution of the State. The next year 
(1777), he was a candidate for tlie General .Assembly. 
He refused to treat the whisky-loving voters, and 
consequently lost liis election ; but those wlio had 
witnessed the talent, energy and public spirit of the 
modest young man, enlisted themselves in his behalf, 
and he was appointed to the Executive Council. 

Both Patrick Henry and Thomas Jefferson were 
(iovernorsof Virginia while Mr. Madison remained 
member of the Council ; and their apineciation of liis 



intellectual, social and moral worth, contributed not 
a little to his subsequent eminence. In the year 
1780, he was elected a member of the Continental 
Congress. Here he met the most illustrious men in 
our land, and he was immediately assigned to one of 
the most conspicuous positions among them. 

For three years Mr. Madison continued in Con- 
gress, one of its most active and influential members. 
In the year 1784, his term having expired, he was 
elected a member of the Virginia Legislature. 

No man felt more deeply than Mr. Madison the 
utter inefficiency of the old confederacy, with no na- 
tional government, with no power to form treaties 
which would be binding, or to enforce law. There 
was not any State more prominent than Virginia in 
the declaration, that an efficient national government 
must be formed. In January, 1786, Mr. Madison 
carried a resolution through the General Assembly of 
Virginia, inviting the other States to apjxiint commis- 
sioners to meet in convention at Annapolis to discuss 
this subject. Five States only were represented. The 
convention, however, issued another call, drawn up 
by Mr. Madison, urging all the States to send their 
delegates to Philadelphia, in May, 1787, to draft 
a Constitution for the United States, to take the place 
of that Confederate League. The delegates met at 
the time appointed. F,very State but Rhode Island 
•ras represented. George Washington was chosen 
president of the convention; and the present Consti- 
tution of the United States was tjien and there formed. 
There was, perhaps, no mind and no pen more ac- 
tive in framing this immortal document than the mind 
and the pen of James Madison. 

The Constitution, adopted by a vote 81 to 79, was 
to be presented to the several States for acceptance. 
But grave solicitude was felt. Should it be rejected 
we should be left but a conglomeration of independent 
States, with but little power at home and little respect 
abroad. Mr. Madison was selected by the conven- 
tion to draw up an address to the people of the United 
States, expounding the principles of the Constitution, 
and urging its ado[)tion. There was great opposition 
to it at first, but it at length triumphed over all, and 
went into effect in 1789. 

Mr. Madison was elected to the House of Repre- 
yjentatives in the first Congress, and soon became the 
avowed leader of the Republican party. While in 
New York attending Congress, he met Mrs. Todd, a 
young widow of remarkable ix)wer of fascination, 
whom he married. .She was in person and character 
queenly, and probably no lady has thus far occupied 
so prominent a position in the very^ peculiar society 
which has constituted our rcpuljlican court as Mrs. 

Mr. Madison served as Secretary of State under 
Jefferson, and at the close of his administration 
was chosen President. At this time the encroach- 
ments of England had brought us to the verge of war. 

British orders in council destioyed our commerce, and 
our flag was exposed to constant insult. Mr. Madison 
was a man of peace. Scholarly in his taste, retiring 
in his disposition, war had no charms for him. But tlie 
meekest spirit can be roused. It makes one's blood 
boil, even now, to think of an American ship brought 
to, upon the ocean, by the guns of an English cruiser. 
A young lieutenant steps on board and orders the 
crew to be paraded before him. With great nonchal- 
ance he selects any number whom he may please to 
designate as British subjects; orders them down the 
ship's side into his boat; and places them on the gun- 
deck of his man-of-war, to fight, by compulsion, the 
battles of England. This right of search and im- 
pressment, no efforts of our Government could induce 
the British cabinet to relinquish. 

On the 1 8th of June, t8i2. President Madison gave 
his approval to an act of Congress declaring war 
against Great Britain. Notwithstanding the bitter 
hostility of the Federal party to the war, the country 
in general approved; and Mr. Madison, on the 4th 
of March, 18 13, was re-elected by a large majority, 
and entered upon his second term of office. This is 
not the place to describe the various adventures of 
this war on the land aild on the water. Our infan. 
navy then laid the foundations of its renown in grap- 
pling wiih the most formidable power which ever 
swept the seas. The contest commenced in earnest 
i)y the appearance of a British fleet, early in February, 
1813, in Chesapeake Bay, declaring nearly the whole 
coast of the United States under blockade. 

The Emperor of Russia offered his services as me 
ditator. America accepted ; England refused. A Brit- 
ish force of five thousand men landed on the banks 
of the Patuxet River, near its entrance into Chesa- 
peake Bay, and marched rapidly, by way of Bladens- 
burg, upon Washington. 

The straggling little city of Washington was thrown 
into consternation. The cannon of the brief conflict 
at Bladensburg echoed through the streets of the 
metropolis. The whole populaticn fled from the city. 
The President, leaving Mrs. Madison in the White 
House, with her carriage drawn up at the doer to 
await his speedy return, hurried to meet the officers 
in a council of war. He met our troops utterly routed, 
and he could not go liack without danger of being 
captured. But few hours elapsed ere the Presidential 
Mansion, the Capitol, and all the public buildings in 
Washington were in flames. 

The war closed after two years of fighting, and on 
Feb. 13, 18 15, the treaty of peace was signed at Ghent. 

On the 4th of March, 1S17, his second term of 
office expired, and he resigned the Presidential chair 
to his friend, James Monroe. He retired to his beau- 
tiful home at Montpelier, and there passed the re- 
mainder of his days. On June 28, 1836, then at the 
age of 85 years, he fell asleep in death. Mrs. Madi- 
son died July 12, 1849. 

^^,^^<7o-T-^ 7 /^^-z-^^-^^^^ ^i^^^ 



AMES MONROE, the fifth 
.Presidentof The United States, 
was born in Westmoreland Co., 
Va., April 28, 1758. His early 
life was passed at the place of 
nativity. His ancestors had fur 
many years resided in the prov- 
ince in which he was born. ^V'hen, 
at 17 years of age, in the process 
^ of completing his education at 
William and Mary College, the Co- 
lonial Congress assembled at Phila- 
delphia to deliberate upon the un- 
just and manifold oppressions of 
Great Britian, declared the separa- 
tion of the Colonies, and promul- 
gated the Declaration of Indepen- 
dence. Had he been born ten years before it is highly 
probable that he would have been one of the signers 
of that celebrated instrument. At this time he left 
school and enlisted among the patriots. 

He joined the army when everything looked hope- 
less and gloomy. The number of deserters increased 
from day to day. The invading armies came pouring 
in ; and the tories not only favored the cause of the 
mother country, but disheartened the new recruits, 
who were sufficiently terrified at the [)rospect of con- 
t.Miding with an enemy whom they had been taught 
to deem invincible. To such brave spirits as James 
Monroe, who went right onward, imdismayed through 
difficulty and danger, the United States owe their 
political emancipation. The young cadet joined the 
ranks, and espoused the cause of his injured country, 
with a firm determination to live or die with her strife 

for liberty. Firmly yet sadly lie shared in the uiel- 
.mcholy retreat from Harleam Heights and White 
Plains, and accompanied the dispirited army as it fled 
before its foes through New Jersey. In four months 
after the Declaration of Independence, the patriots 
had been beaten in seven battles. At the battle of 
Trenton he led the vanguard, and, in the act of charg- 
ing upon the enemy he received a wound in the left 

As a reward for his bravery, Mr. Monroe was ])ro- 
moted a captain of infantry ;. and, having recovered 
.from his wound, he rejoined the army. He, however, 
receded from the line of promotion, by becoming an 
officer in the staff of Lord Sterling. During the cam- 
paigns of 1777 and 1778, in the actions of Brandy 
wine, Germantown and Monmouth, he continued 
aid-de-camp; but becoming desirous to regain his 
position in the army, he exerted himself to collect a 
regiment for the Virginia line. This scheme failed 
owing to the exhausted condition of tlie State. Upon 
this failuie he entered the office of Mr. Jefferson, at 
that period Governor, and pursued, with considerable 
ardor, the study of common law. He did not, however, 
entirely lay aside the knapsack for the green bag; 
but on the invasions of the enemy, served as avolun 
teer, during the two years of his legal pursuits. 

In 17S2, he was elected from King George county, 
a member of the Leglislalure of Virginia, and by that 
body he was elevated to a seat in the Executive 
Council. He was thus Iionored with the confidence 
of his fellow citizens at 23 years of age ; and having 
at this early period displayed some of that ability 
and aptitude for legislation, which were afterwards 
employed with unremitting energy for the public good, 



lie was in the succeeding year chosen a member of 
ihe Congress of the United States. 

Deeplyas Mr. Mouroefelt the imperfections of the old 
Confederacy, he was opposed toThe new Constitution, 
Thinking, with many others of the Republican party, 
'.hat it gave too much power to the Central Government, 
and not enough to the individual States. Still he re- 
tained the esteem of his friends who were its warm 
supporters, and who, notwithstanding his opjiosition 
secured its adoption. In 1789, he became a member 
cf the United States Senate; which office he held for 
four years. Every month the line of distinction be- 
tween the two great parties which divided the nation, 
the Federal and the Republican, was growing mere 
distinct. The two prominent ideas which now sep- 
arated them were, that the Republican party was in 
sympathy with France, and also in favor of such a 
strict construction of the Constitution as to give the 
Central Government as little ix)wer, and the State 
Governments as much power, as the Constitution would 
warrant. The Federalists symiiathized with England, 
and were in favor of a liberal construction of the Con- 
stitution, which would give as much jiower to the 
Central Government as that document could possibly 

The leading Federalists and Republicans were 
alike noble men, consecrating all their energies to the 
good of the nation. Two more honest men or more 
pure patriots than John Adams the Federalist, and 
James Monroe the Republican, never breathed. In 
building up this majestic nation, which is destined 
to eclipse all Grecian andiVssyrian greatness, the com- 
bination of their antagonism was needed to create the 
liglit equilibrium. .\nd yet each in his day was de- 
nounced as almost a demon. 

Washington was then President. England had es- 
poused the cause of the Bourbons against the princi- 
ples of the French Revolution. All Euro[)e was drawn 
into the conflict. We were feeble and far away. 
Washington issued a proclamation of neutrality be- 
tween these contending powers. France had helped 
us in the struggle for our liberties. All the despotisms 
of Euro|)e were now combined to prevent the French 
from escaping from a tyranny a thousand-fold worse 
thar. that which we had endured Col. Monroe, more 
magnanimous than prudent, was anxious that, at 
whatever hazard, we should help our old allies in 
their e.xtremity. It was the impulse of a generous 
and noble nature. He violently o|)posed the Pres- 
ident's proclamation as ungrateful and wanting in 

Washington, who could appreciate such a character, 
developed his calm, serene, almost divine greatness, 
by ap])ointing that very James Monroe, who was de- 
nouncing the policy of the Government, as the minister 
of that Government to the Republic of France. Mr. 
Monroe was welcomed by the National Convention 
in France with the most enthusiastic demonstrations. 

Shortly after his return to this country, Mr. Mon- 
roe was elected Governor of Virginia, and held the 
office for three yeais. He was again sent to France to 
co-operate with Chancellor Livingston in obtaining 
the vast territory then known as the Province of 
Louisiana, which France had but shortly before ob- 
tained from Spain. Their united efforts were suc- 
cessful. For the comparatively small sum of fifteen 
millions of dollars, the entire territory of Orleans and 
district of Louisiana were added to the United States. 
This was probably the largest transfer of real estate 
which was ever made in all the history of the world. 

From France Mr. Monroe went to England to ob- 
tain from that country some recognition of our 
rights as neutrals, and to remonstrate against those 
odious impressments of our seamen. But Eng- 
land was unrelenting. He again returned to Eng- 
land on the same mission, but could receive no 
redress. He returned to his home and was again 
chosen Governor of Virginia. This he soon resigned 
to accept the jjosition of Secretary of State under 
Madison. While in this office war with England was 
declared, the Secretary of War resigned, and during 
these trying times, the duties of the \\'ar Department 
were also put upon him. He was truly the armor- 
bearer of President Madison, and the most efficient 
business man in his cabinet. Upon the return of 
peace he resigned the Department of War, but con- 
tinued in the office of Secretary of State until the ex- 
piration of Mr. Madison's adminstration. At the elec 
tion held the jjrevious autumn Mr. Monroe himself had 
been chosen President with but little opposition, and 
upon March 4, 1817, was inaugurated. Four years 
later he was elected for a second term. 

Among the important measures of his Presidency 
were the cession of Florida to the United States; the 
Missouri Compromise, and the " Monroe doctrine.'" 

This famous doctrine, since known as the " Monroe 
doctrine," was enunciated by him in 1823. At that 
time the United States had recognized the independ- 
ence of the South American states, and did not wish 
to have Eurojjean powers longer attempting to sub- 
due portions of the Arnerican Continent. The doctrine 
is as follows: "That we should consider any attempt 
on the part of European powers to extend their sys- 
tem to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous 
to our peace and safety," and "that we could not 
view any interposition for the purjK)se of oppressing 
or controlling American governments or provinces in 
any other light than as a manifestation by European 
l)owers of an unfriendly disposition toward the United 
States." This doctrine immediately affected the course 
of foreign governments, and has become the approved 
sentiment of the United States. 

At the end of his fecond term Mr Monroe retired 
to his home in Virginia, where he lived unii! 1830, 
when he went to New York to live with his son-in- 
law. In that city he died, on the 4th of July, 1831 

J, 5, Ai 








I 30I}11 QUIQ6Y JiWm- I , 


^^a^/v f 


sixth President of the United 
L?» States, was born in the rtiral 
home of his honored father. 
John Adams, in Qaincy, Alass., 
on the I I th cf July, 1767. His 
mother, a woman of exahed 
worth, watched over his childhood 
during the almost constant ab- 
sence of his father. When but 
eight years of age, he stood with 
his mother on an eminence, listen- 
ing to the booming of the great bat- 
tle on Bunkei's Hill, and gazing on 
uijon the smoke and flames billow- 
ing up from the conflagration of 

When but eleven years old he 
took a tearful adieu of his mother, 
to sail with his father for Europe, 
through a fleet ol hostile British cruisers. The bright, 
animated boy spent a year and a half in Paris, where 
his father was associated with Franklin and Lee as 
minister plenipotentiary. His intelligence attracted 
the notice of these distinguislied men, and he received 
from them flattering marks of attention. 

Mr. John Adams had scarcely returned to this 
cour.try, in 1779, ere he was again sent abroad. Again 
John Quincy accompanied his father. At Paris he 
applied himself with great diligence, for six months, 
to Jtudy; then accompained his father to Holland, 
where he entered, first a school in .\msterdam, then 
the University at I>eyden. About a year from this 
time, in 1781, when the manly boy was but fourteen 
yea's of age, he was selected by Mr. Dana, our min- 
ister to the Russian court, as his private secretary. 

In this school of incessant labor and of enobling 
culture he spent fourteen months, and then returned 
to Holland through Sweden, Denmark, Hamburg and 
Bremen. This long journey he took alone, in the 
winter, when in his sixteenth year. Again he resumed 
his studies, under a priv.nte tutor, at Hague, '{"hence, 

in the sining of 1782, he accompanied his father tc 
Paris, traveling leisurely, and forming acquaintance 
with the most distinguished men on the Continent 
examining architectural remains, galleries of paintings 
and all renowned works of art. At Paris he again 
became associated with the most illustrious men of 
all lands in the contem|)lations of the loftiest tennioral 
themes which can engross the human mind. Aftj- 
a short visit to England he returned to Paris, and 
consecrated all his energies to study until May, 1785, 
when he returned to America. To a brilliant young 
man of eighteen, who had seen much of the world, 
and who was familiar with the etiquette of courts, a 
residence with his father in London, under siuh ci:- 
cumstances, must have been extremely attractive 
but with judgment very rare in one of his age, he pre- 
ferred to return to .'Vmerica to com[)lete his education 
in an American college. He wished then to study 
law, that with an honorable profession, he migiit b*? 
able to obtain an independent support. 

Upon leaving Harvard College, at the age of twenty 
he studied law for three years. In June, 1794, be- 
ing then but twenty-seven years of age, he w.-a ap- 
pointed by Washington, resident minister at the 
Netherlands. Sailing from Boston in July, he reached 
London in October, where he was immediately admit- 
ted to the deliberations of Messrs. Jay and Pinckney, 
assisting them in negotiating a commercial trealvwith 
Great Brilian. After thus S])ending a fortnight ir 
London, he proceeded to the Hague. 

In July, 1797, he left the Hague to go to Portugal ar, 
minister plenipotentiary. On his way to Portugal, 
upon arriving in London, he met with despatches 
directing him to the court of Beilin, but requesting 
him to remain in London until he should receive his 
instructions. While waiting he was married to ar. 
American lady to whom he had been I'Teviously en- 
gaged, — Miss Louisa Catherine Johnson, daughtc; 
of Mr. Joshua Johnson, American consul in I ondon ; 
a lady endownd with that beauty and those accom- 
plishment which eminently fitted her to move in the 
elevated sphere for which she was dsiStined. 



He reached Berlin with his wife in November, 1797 ; 
where he remained until July, 1799, when, having ful- 
filled all tlie puriwses of his mission, he soHcited his 

Soon after his return, in 1802, he was chosen to 
Ihe Senate of Massachusetts, from Boston, and then 
was elected Senator of the United States for six years, 
from the 4th of March, 1804. His reputation, his 
ability and his experience, placed him immediately 
among the most prominent and influential members 
of that Ijody. Especially did he sustain the Govern- 
ment in its measures of resistance to the encroach- 
ments of England, destroying our commerce and in- 
sulting our flag. There was no man in America more 
familiar with the arrogance of the British court upon 
these points, and no one more resolved to present 
a firm resistance. 

In 1809, Madison succeeded Jefferson in the Pres- 
idential chair, and he immediately ncnninated John 
Qiiincy Adams minister to St. I'elersburg. Resign- 
ing his professorship in Harvard College, he embarked 
at Boston, in August, 1809. 

While in Russia, Mr. Adams was an intense stu- 
dent. He devoted his attention to the language and 
history of Russia; to the Chinese trade; to the 
European system of weights, measures, and coins; to 
the climate and astronomical observations; while he 
Kept up a familiar acquaintance with the Greek and 
Latin classics. In all the universities of Europe, a 
more accomjjlished scholar could scarcely be found. 
.All through life the Bible constituted an important 
part of his studies. It was his rule to read five 
chapters every day. 

On the 4th of March, 1817, Mr. Monroe took the 
Presidential chair, and immediately apinainted Mr. 
Adams Secretary of State. Taking leave of his num- 
erous friends in public and private life in Europe, he 
sailed in June, 1819, for the United States. On the 
iSth of August, he again crossed the threshold of his 
home in Quincy. During the eight years of Mr. Mon- 
roe's administration, Mr, Adams continued Secretary 
of State. 

Some time before the close of Mr. Monroe's second 
term of office, new candidates began to be presented 
for the Presidency. The friends of Mr. Adams brought 
forward his name. It was an exciting campaign. 
Parly spirit was never more bitter. Two hundred and 
sixty electoral votes were cast. Andrew Jackson re- 
ceived ninety-nine; John Quincy .\dams, eighty-four; 
William H. Crawford, forty-one; Henry Clay, thirty- 
se/en. As there was no choice by the people, the 
question went to the House of Representatives. Mr. 
Clay gRve the vote of Kentucky to Mr. Adams, and 
he was elected. 

The friends of all the disappointed candidates now 
combined in a venomous and persistent assault upon 
Mr. Adams. There is nothing more disgraceful in 
••hf, ^-last history of our country than the abuse which 

was poured in one uninterrupted stream, upon this 
high-minded, upright, patriotic man. There never was 
an administration more pure in principles, more con- 
scientiously devoted to the best interests of tlie coun- 
try, than that of John Quincy Adams; and never, per- 
haps, was there an administration more unscrupu- 
lously and outrageously assailed. 

Mr. Adams was, to a very remarkable degree, ab- 
stemious and temperate in his habits; always rising 
early, and taking much exercise. When at his home in 
Quincy, he has been known to walk, before breakfast, 
seven miles to Boston. In Washington, it was said 
that he was the first man up in the city, lighting his 
own fire and applying himself to work in his library 
often long before dawn. 

On the 4th of March, 1829, Mr. Adams retired 
from the Presidency, and was succeeded by Andrew 
Jackson. John C. Calhoun was elected Vice Presi- 
dent. The slavery question now began to assume 
portentous magnitude. Mr. Adams returned to 
Quincy and to his studies, which he pursued with un- 
abated zeal. But he was not long permitted to re- 
main in retirement. In November, 1830, he was 
elected representative to Congress. For seventeen 
years, dntil his death, he occupied the post as repre- 
sentative, towering above all his peers, ever ready to 
do brave battle' for freedom, and winning the title of 
"the old man eloquent." Upon taking his seat in 
the House, he announced that he should hold him- 
self bound to no party. Probably tiiere never was a 
member more devoted to his duties. He was usually 
the first in his place in the morning, and the last to 
leave his seat in the evening. Not a measure could 
be brought forward and escape his scrutiny. The 
battle which Mr. Adams fought, almost singly, against 
the proslavery party in the Government, was sublime 
in Its moral daring and heroism. For persisting in 
presenting petitions for the abolition of slavery, he 
was threatened with indictment by the grand jury, 
with expulsion from tiie House, with assassination; 
but no threats could intimidate him, and his final 
triumph was conq)lete. 

It has been said of President Adams, that when his 
body was bent and his hair silvered by the lapse of 
fourscore yeais, yielding to the simple faith of a little 
child, he was accustomed to repeat every night, i)efore 
he slept, the pra)er which his mother taught him in 
his infant years. 

On the 2istof February, 1848, he rose on the floor 
of Congress, with a paper in his hand, to address the 
speaker. Suddenly he fell, again stricken by jjaraly- 
sis, and was caught in the arms of those around him. 
For a time he was senseless, as he was conveyed to 
the sofa in the rotunda. With reviving conscious- 
ness, he opened his eyes, looked calmly around and 
said " This is tlif end of earth ."then after a moment's 
liause he added, " I am eon/eiit" These were the 
last words of the grand " f>ld Man Eloquent." 




•S2rf~KP«'^S/2W79v. ijfl^j 

seventh President of the 
' United States, was born in 
Waxhaw settlement, N. (J., 
March 15, 1767, a few days 
after his father's death. His 
parents were poor emigrants 
from Ireland, and took up 
their abode in Waxhaw set- 
tlement, where they lived in 
deepest poverty, 
Andrew, or Andy, as he was 
universally called, grew up a very 
rough, rude, turbulent boy. His 
features were coarse, his form un- 
gainly; and there was but very 
little in his character, made visible, which was at- 

When only thirteen years old he joined the volun- 
teers of Carolina against the British invasion. In 
1781, he and his brother Robert were captured and 
imprisoned for a time at Camden. A British officer 
ordered him to brush his mud-spattered boots. " I am 
a prisoner of war, not your servant," was the reply of 
the dauntless boy. 

The brute drew his sword, and aimed a desperate 
hlow at the head of the helpless young prisoner. 
Andrew raised his hand, and thus received two fear- 
ful gashes, — one on the hand and the other upon the 
head. The officer then turned to his brother Robert 
with the same demand. He also refused, and re- 
ceived a blow from the keen-edged sabre, which quite 
disabled him, and which probably soon after caused 
his death. They suffered much other ill-treatment, and 
were finally stricken with the small-pox. Their 
mother was successful Ml 'i;)iaining their exchange, 

ami look her sick boys home. After a long iilnjsa 
Andrew recovered, and the death of his mother -oon 
left him entirely friendless. 

Andrew supported himself in various ways, sacnas 
working at the saddler's trade, teaching school and 
clerking in a general store, until 17S4, when he 
entered a law office at Salisbury, N. C. He, however, 
gave more attention to the wild amusements of the 
times than to his studies. In 1788, he was appointed 
solicitor for the western district of North Carolina, of 
which Tennessee was then a part. This involved 
many long and tedious journeys amid dangers of 
every kind, but Andrew Jackson never knew fear, 
and the Indians had no desire to repeat a skirmish 
witn the Sharp Knife. 

In 1791, Mr. Jackson was married to a woman who 
supposed herself divorced from her former husband. 
Great was the surprise of both parties, two years later, 
to find that the conditions of the divorce had just been 
definitely settled by the first husband. The marriage 
ceremony was performed a second time, but the occur- 
rence was often used by his enemies to bring Mr. 
Jackson into disfavor. 

During these years he worked hard at his profes- 
sion, and frequently had one or more duels on hand, 
one of which, when he killed Dickenson, was espec- 
ially disgraceful. 

In January, 1796, the Territory of Tennessee then 
containing nearly eighty thousand inhabitants, the 
people met in convention at Knoxville to frame a con- 
stitution. Five were sent from each of the eleven 
cotmties, Andrew Jackson was one of the delegates. 
The new State was entitled to but one meml or in, 
the National House of Representatives. Andrew Jack-l 
son was chosen that member. Mounling his horse he 
rode to I'hiledelphia, where Congress then held its 



iii-i\.y,\%, — a dislaucc of about eight luindred miles. 

Jackson was an earnest advocate of the Demo- 
cratic party. Jefferson was his idol. He admired 
Bonaparte, loved France and hated England. As Mr. 
Jackson took his seat, Gen. Washington, whose 
second term of office was then expiring, delivered his 
last speech to Congress. A committee drew up a 
complimentary address in reply. Andrew Jackson 
did not approve of the address, and was one of the 
twelve who voted against it. He was not willing to 
say that Gen. Washington's adminstration had been 
" wise, firm and patriotic." 

Mr. Jackson was elected to the United States 
Senate in 1797, but soon resigned and returned home. 
Soon after he was ch(jsen Judge of the Supreme Court 
of his State, which position he held for si.x years. 

When the war of 181 2 with Great Britian com- 
menced, Madison occupied the Presidential chair. 
Aaron Burr sent word to the President that there was 
an unknown man in the West, Andrew Jackson, who 
v.ould do credit to a commission if one were con- 
ferred \\\!0\\ him. Just at that time Gen. Jackson 
offered his services and those of twenty-five hundred 
volunteers. His offer was accejited, and the troops 
were assembled at Nashville. 

As the British were hourly expected to make an at- 
tack upon New Orleans, where (ien, Wilkinson was 
in command, he was ordered to descend the river 
with fifteen himdred troops to aid \Vilkinson. The 
expedition reached Natchez; and afteradelay of sev- 
eral weeks there, without accomplishing anything, 
the men were ordered Ltack to their homes. But the 
energy Gen. Jackson had displayed, and his entire 
devotion to the comrfort of his soldiers, won him 
golden opinions; and he became the most popular 
man in the State. It was in this expedition that his 
toughness gave hirn the nickname of " Old Hickory." 

Soon after this, while attempting to horsewhip Col. 
Thomas H. Benton, for a remark that gentleman 
made about his taking a part as second in a duel, in 
which a younger brotlier of Benton's was engaged, 
he received two severe pistol wounds. While he was 
lingering upon a bed of suffering news came that the 
Indians, who had combined under Tecumseh from 
Florida to the Lakes, to exterminate the white set- 
tlers, were committing the most awful ravages. De- 
cisive action became necessary. Gen. Jackson, with 
his fractured bone just beginning to heal, his arm in 
a sling, and unable to mount his horse without assis- 
tance, gave his amazing energies to the raising of an 
army to rendezvous at Fayettesville, .Alabama. 

The Creek Indians had established a strong fort on 
one of the hendsof thcTallaiKiosa River, near the cen- 
ter of Alabama, about fifty miles below Fort Strother. 
With an army of two thousand men, (ien. Jackson 
traversed the pathless wilderness in a march of eleven 
days. He reached their fort, called '!'olio|ieka or 
Horse-shoe, on tlie 27th of March. 1814. I'he bend 

of the river enclosed nearly one hundred acres of 
tangled forest and wild ravine. Acnjss the narrow 
neck the Indians had constructed a formidable breast- 
work of logs and brush. Here nine hundred warriors, 
with an ample suplyof arms were assembled. 

The fort was stormed. The fight was utterly des- 
perate. Not an Indian would accept of quarter. When 
bleeding and dying, they would fight those who en- 
deavored to spare their lives. From ten in the morn- 
ing until dark, the battle raged. The carnage was 
awful and revolting. Some threw themselves into the 
river; but the unerring bullet struck their heads as 
they swam. Nearly everyone of the nine hundred war- 
rios were killed A few probably, in tlic night, swam 
tiie river and escaped. This ended the war. The 
power of the Creeks was broken forever. This bold 
plunge into the wilderness, with its terriffic slaughter, 
so appalled the savages, that the haggard remnants 
of the bands came to the camp, begging for peace. 

This closing of the Creek war enabled us to con- 
centrate all our militia upon the British, who were the 
allies of the Indians No man of less resolute will 
than Gen. Jackson could have conducted this Indian 
campaign to so successful an issue Immediately he 
was appointed major-general. • 

Late in August, with an army of two thousand 
men, on a rushing march. Gen. Jackson came to 
Mol)ile. A British fleet came from Pensacola, landed 
a force upon the beach, anchored near the little fort, 
and from both ship and shore commenced a furious 
assault The battle was long and doubtful. At length 
one of the ships was blown up and the rest retired. 

Garrisoning Mobile, where he had taken his little 
army, he moved his troops to New Orleans, 
And the battle of New Orleans which soon ensued, 
was in reality a very arduous campaign. This won 
for Gen. Jackson an imperishable name. Here his 
troops, which numbered about four thousand men, 
won a signal victory over the British army of about 
nine thousand. His loss was but thirteen, while the 
loss of the British was two thousand six hundred. 

The name of Gen. Jackson soon began to be men- 
tioned in connection with the Presidency, but, in 1824, 
he was defeated by Mr. .\dams. He was, however, 
successful in the election of 1S28, and was re-elected 
for a second term in 1832. In 1829, just before he 
assumed the reins of the government, he met with 
the most terrible afiliction of his life in the death of 
his wife, whom he had loved with a devotion which has 
perhaps never been surpassed. From the shock of 
her death he never recovered. 

His administration was one of the most memorable 
in the annals of our country; applauded by one party, 
condemned by the other. No man had more bitter 
enemies or warmer friends, .^t the expiration of his 
two terms of office he retired to the Hermit:ige, where 
he died June 8, 1845. The last years of Mr. Jack- 
son's life were that of .a devoted Christian man. 

^ 7 yZJC^ ^^7.^ U^c^^z.^:^ 




IWRTIQ y:5I] bureq. ^)m 


eighth President of the 
United States, was born at 
Kindcrhook, N. Y., Dec. 5', 
1782. He died at the same 
place, Jwly 24. 1862. His 
body rests in the cemetery 
at Kinderhook. Above it is 
a plain granite shaft fifteen feet 
high, bearing a simple inscription 
about halt way up on one face. 
The lot is unfenced, unbordered 
or unbounded by shrub or flower. 

There is but little in the life of Martin Van Buren 
of ri^mantic interest. He fought no battles, engaged 
in no wild adventures. Though his life was stormy in 
political and intellectual conflicts, and he gained many 
signal victories, his days passed uneventful in those 
incidents which give zest to biography. His an- 
cestors, as his name indicates, were of Dutch origin, 
and were among the earliest emigrants from Holland 
to the banks of the Hudson. His father was a farmer, 
residing in the old town of Kinderhook. His mother, 
also of Dutch lineage, was a woman of superior intel- 
ligence and c.xemijlary [)iety. 

He was decidedly a precocious boy, developing un- 
usual activity, vigor and strengtli of mind. At the 
age of fourteen, he had finished his academic studies 
in his native village, and commenced the study of 
law. As he had not a collegiate education, seven 
years of study in a law-office were required of him 
before he could be admitted to the bar. Inspired witli 
a lofty ambition, and conscious of his powers, he pur- 
sued his studies with indefatigal)le industry. After 
ojiending six year'; in an office in "^is native village, 

he went to the city of New York, and prosecuted his 
studies for the seventh year. 

In 1803, Mr. Van Buren, then twenty-one years of 
age, commenced the practice of law in his native vil- 
lage. The great conflict between the Federal and 
Republican party was then at its height. Mr. Van 
Buren was from the lieginning a politician. He had, 
perhaps, imbibed that spirit while listeniuig to the 
many discussions which had been carried on in his 
father's hotel. He was in cordial sympathy with 
Jefferson, and earnestly and eloquently espoused the 
cause of State Rights ; though at that time the Fed- 
eral party held the supremacy both in his town 
and State. 

His success and increasing ruputation led him 
after six years of practice, to remove to Hudson, th. 
county seat of his county. Here he spent seven years 
constantly gaining strength by contending in the 
courts with some of the ablest men who have adorned 
the bar of his State. 

Just before leaving Kinderhook for Hudson, Mi. 
Van Buren married a lady alike distinguished for 
iieauty and accomi)lishments. After twelve short 
years she sank into the grave, the victim of consump- 
tion, leaving her husband and four sons to weep over 
jier loss. For twenty-five years, Mr. Van Buren was 
an earnest, successful, assiduous lawyer. The record 
of those years is Ijarren in items of public interest. 
In t8i2, when thirty years of age, he was cliosen to 
the State Senate, and cave his strenuous nipport to 
Mr. Madison's adminstration. In 1815, he was ap- 
pointed Attorney-deneral, and the next year moved 
to Albany, the capital of the State. 

While he was acknowledged as one of the most 
pominent leaders of the Ddnocratic party, he had 



I he moral courage to avow that true democracy did 
iiLit require that " universal suffrage " which admits 
the vile, the degraded, the ignorant, to the right of 
governing the State. In true consistency with his 
democratic principles, he contended that, while the 
j.alh leading to the privilege of voting should be open 
lo every man without distinction, no one should be 
invested with that sacred prerogative, unless he were 
in some degree qualified for it by intelligence, virtue 
and some property interests in the welfare of the 

In 1S21 he was elected a member of the United 
States Senate; and in the same year, he took a seat 
in the convention to revise the constitution of his 
native State. His course in this convention secured 
the a[)proval of men of all parties. No one could 
doubt the singleness of his endeavors to promote the 
interests of all classes in the community. In the 
Senate of the United States, he rose at once to a 
conspicuous position as an active and useful legislator. 

In 1827, John Quincy Adams being then in the 
Presidential chair, Mr. Van Buren was re-elected to 
.he Senate. He had been from the beginning a de- 
.ermined opposer of the .\dministration, adopting the 
'State Rights" view in opposition to what was 
deemed the Federal i)roclivities of Mr. Adams. 

Soon after this, in 1828, he was chosen Governorof 
the State of New York, and accordingly resigned his 
seat in the Senate. Probably no one in the United 
States contributed so much towards ejecting John Q. 
Adams from the Presidential chair, and placing in it 
Andrew Jackson, as did Martin Van Buren. Whetlier 
entitled to the reputation or not, he certainly was re- 
garded throughout the United States as one of the 
most skillful, sagacious and cunning of politicians. 
It was supjwsed that no one knew so well as he how 
lo touch the secret springs of action; how to pull all 
;he wires to put his machinery in motion ; and how to 
organize a political army which would, secretly and 
stealthily accomplisli tlie most gigantic results. By 
these powers it is said tliat lie outv.'itted Mr. Adams, 
Mr. Clay, Mr. Webster, and secured results which 
lew thought then could be accomplished. 

When Andrew Jackson was elected President he 
ap|)ointed Mr. Van Buren Secretary of Stale. 'I'his 
position he resigned in 1831, and was immediately 
ajjoointed Minister to England, where he went the 
same autumn. The Senate, however, when it met, 
refused to ratify the nomination, and he reti\rned 

home, apparently untroubled; was nominated Vice 
President in the place of Calhoun, at the re-election 
of President Jackson ; and with smiles for all and 
frowns for none, he took his place at the head of that 
Senate which had refused to confirm his nomination 
as ambassador. 

His rejection by the Senate roused all the zeal of 
President Jackson in behalf of his repudiated favor- 
ite ; and this, probably mure than any other cause, 
secured his elevation to the chair of the Chief Execu 
tive. On the 20th of May, 1836, Mr. Van Buren re- 
ceived the Democratic nomination to succeed Gen. 
Jackson as President of the United States. He was 
elected by a handsome majority, to the delight of the 
retiring President. " Leaving New York out of the 
canvass," says Mr. Parton, "the election of Mr. Van 
Buren to the Presidency was as much the act of Gen. 
•Jackson as though the Constitution had conferred 
upon him the power to appoint a successor." 

His administration was filled with exciting events. 
The insurrection in Canada, which threatened to in 
volve this country in war with England, the agitation 
of the slavery question, and finally the great commer- 
cial panic which spread over the country, all were 
trials to his wisdom. The financial distress was at- 
tributed to the management of tlie Democratic party, 
and brought the President into such disfavor that he 
failed of re election. 

With the exception of being nominated for the 
Presidency L-y the "Free Soil" Democrats, in 1848, 
Mr. Van Buren lived quietly upon his estate until 
his death. 

He had ever been a prudent man, of frugal habits, 
and living within his income, had now fortunately a 
competence for his declining years. His unblemished 
character, his commanding abilities, his unc]uestioned 
patriotism, and the distinguished positions which he 
had occupied in the government of our country, se- 
cured to him not only the homage of his party, but 
the respect ot the whole community. It was on the 
4th of March, 1841, that Mr. Van Buren retired from 
the presidency. From his fine estate at Lindenwald^ 
he still exerted a powerful influence u^wn the politics 
of the country. From this time until his death, on 
the 24th of July, 1862, at the age of eighty years, he 
resided at Lindenwald, a gentleman of leisure, of 
culture and of wealth: enjoying in a hcaliliy old 
age, probably far more happiness than he had before 
experienced amid the stormy scenes of liis active life- 

ytcT. //r ^TOnyLyt^ 








SON, the ninth President of 
the United States, was liorn 
at Berkeley, Va.,Feh. 9, 1773. 
His father, Benjamin Harri- 
son, was in comparatively op- 
ulent circimistances, and was 
one of the most distinguished 
men of his day. He was an 
intimate friend of George 
Washington, w as early elected 
a member of the Continental 
Congress, and was conspicuous 
anio?ig the patriots of Virginia in 
resisting the encroachments of the 
liritish crown. In the celebrated 
Congress of 1775, Benjamin Har- 
rison and John Hancock were 
lioth candidates for the office of 

Mr Harrison was subsequently 
chosen Governor of Virginia, and 
was twice re-elected. His son, 
i William Henry, of course enjoyed 

in childhood all the advantages which wealth and 
intellectual and cultivated society could give. Hav- 
ing received a thorough comuion-school education, he 
entered Hampden Sidney College, where he graduated 
with honor soon after the doatli of his father. He 
chen repaired to Philadeli)hia to study medicine under 
the instructions of Dr. Rush and the guardianship of 
Robert Morris, both of whom were, with his father, 
signers of the Declaration of Independence. 

Upon the outbreak of the Indian troubles, and not- 
withstanding the remonstrances of his friends, he 
abandoned his medical studies and entered the army, 
having obtained a commission of Ensign from Presi- 



dent Washington. He was then but 19 years old. 
From that time he passed gradually upward in rank 
until he became aid to General Wayne, after whose 
death he resigned his commission. He was then ap- 
pointed Secretary of the North-western Territory. This 
Territory «'as tiien entitled to but one member in 
Congress and Capt. Harrison was chosen to fill that 

In the spring of 1800 the North-western Territory 
was divided Ijy Congress into two iwrtions. The 
eastern portion, comprising the region now embraced 
in the State of Ohio, was called " The Territory 
north-west of the Ohio." The western portion, which 
included what is now called Indiana, Illinois and 
Wisconsin, was called the "Indiana Territory." Wil- 
liam Henry Harrison, then 27 years of age, was ap- 
pointed by John Adams, Governor of the Indiana 
Territory, and immediately after, also Governor of 
Upper Louisiana. He was thus ruler over almost as 
extensive a realm as any sovereign upon the globe. He 
was Superintendent of Indian Affairs, and was in- 
vested with powers nearly dictatorial over the now 
rapidly increasing white population. The ability and 
fidelity with which he discharged these responsible 
duties may l)e inferred from the fact that he was four 
times appointed to this office — first by John Adams, 
twice by Thomas Jefferson and afterwards by Presi- 
dent Madison. 

When he began his adminstration there were but 
three white settlementsin that almost botnidless region, 
now crowded with cities and resounding with all the 
tumult of wealth and traffic. One of these settlements 
was on the Ohio, nearly opposite I.,ouisville; one at 
Vincenngs, on the Wabash, and the thiid a French 

The vast wilderness over which Gov. Harrison 
reigned was filled with many tribes of Indians. Abou- 



the year 1806, two extraordinary nier, twin brothers, 
of the Shawnese tribe, rose among them. Or.e of 
these was called Tecumseh, or " The Crouching 
Panther;" the other, OUiwacheca, or "The Prophet." 
Tecumseh was not only an Indian warrior, but a man 
of great sagacity, far-reaching foiesiglit and indomit- 
able perseverance in any enterprise ni wliich he might 
engage. He was insiiired with the highe;;! entliusiasm, 
and had long regarded with dread and with hatred 
the encroachment of the whites upon the hunting- 
grounds of his fathers. His brother, the Prophet, was 
an orator, who could sway the feelings of the untutored 
Indian as the gale tossed the tree-tops beneath which 
tliey dwelt. 

But the Prophet was not merely an orator: he was, 
in the superstitious minds of the Indians, invested 
with the suiierhunian dignity of a medicine-man or a 
magician. With an enthusiasm unsurpassed by Peter 
the Hermit rousing Europe to the crusades, he went 
from tribe to tribe, assuming that he was specially sent 
by the Great Spirit. 

Gov. Harrison made many attempts to conciliate 
the Indians, but at last the war came, and at Tippe- 
canoe the Indians were routed with great slaughter. 
October 28, 18 12, his army began its march. When 
near the Prophet's town three Indians of rank made 
their appearance and inquired why Gov. Harri.ion was 
approaching them in so hostile an attitude. After a 
sliort conference, arrangements were made fora meet- 
ing the next day, to agree upon terms of peace. 

But Gov. Harrison was too well acquainted with 
the Indian character to be deceived by such protes- 
tations Selecting a favorable spot for his night's en- 
campment, he took every [jrecaution against surprise. 
His troops were posted in a hollow scjuare, and slei)t 
upon their arms. 

The troops threw themselves upon the ground for 
rest; but every man had his accourtrements on, his 
loaded musket by jiis side, and his bayonet fixed. The 
wakeful Governor, between three and four o'clock in 
the morning, had risen, and was sitting in conversa- 
tion with his aids by tlie embers of a waning fire. It 
was a chill, cloudy morning with a drizzling rain. In 
the darkness, the Indians had crept as near as possi- 
ble, and just then, with a savage yell, rushed, with all 
the desperation which superstition and passion most 
highly inflamed could give, upon tlie left flank of the 
little army. The savages had been amply provided 
with guns and ammunition by the English. Their 
war-whoop was accompaincd by a shower of bullets. 

The cauip-fires were instantly extinguished, as the 
light aided the Indians in their aim. With hide- 
tus yells, the Indian bands rusheil on, not 
speedy and an entire victory. Hut Gen. Harrison's 
troops stood as immovable as the rocks around them 
\mtil day dawned : they then made a simultaneous 
charge with the liayonet, and swept every thing be- 
fore them, and c()m[)letely routing tbf> foe. 

Gov. Harrison now had all his energies tasked 
to the utmost. The British descending from the Can- 
adas, were of themselves a very formidable force ; but 
with their savage allies, rushijig like wolves from the 
forest, searching out every remote farm-house, burn- 
ing, [jlunderlng, scalinng, torturing, the wide frontier 
was plunged into a state of consternation which even 
the most vivid imagination can but faintly conceive. 
The war-whoop was resounding everywhere in the 
forest. The horizon was illuminated with the conflagra- 
tion of the cabins of the settlers. Gen Hull had made 
the ignominious surrender of his forces at Detroit. 
Under these despairing circumstances. Gov. Harrison 
was appointed by President Madison commander-in- 
chief of the North-western army, with orders to retake 
Detroit, and to protect the frontiers. 

It would be difficult to place a man in a situation 
demanding more energy, sagacity and courage; but 
General Harrison was found ei[ual to the position, 
and nobly and triumphantly did he meet all the re- 

He won the love of his soldiers by always sharing 
with them their fatigue. His whole baggage, while 
pursuing the foe up the Thames, was earned in a 
valise; and his bedding consisted of a single blanket 
lashed over his saddle Thirty-five Britisli officers, 
his prisoners of war, supped witli him after tlie battle. 
The only fare he could give them was beef roasted 
before the fire, witliout bread or salt. 

In 1816, Gen. Harrison was chosen a member ot 
the National House of Representatives, to represent 
the District of Ohio. In Congress he proved an 
active member; and whenever he spoke, it was with 
force of reason and power of eloquence, wliich arrested 
tlie attention of all trlie mmiibers. 

In i8ig, Harrison was elected to the Senate of 
Ohio; and in 1824, as one of the jiresidential electors 
of that State, he gave his vote for Henry Clay. The 
same year he was chosen to the United States Senate. 

In 1836, the friends of Gen. Harrison brought him 
forward as a candidate for the Presidency against 
Van Buren, but he was defeated. At the close of 
Mr. Van Buren's term, he was re -nominated by his 
party, and Mr. Harrison was unanimously nominated 
by the Whigs, with John Tyler for the Vice Presidency. 
The contest was very animated. Gen Jackson gave 
all his influence to prevent Harrison's election ; but 
his triumph was signal. 

Tlie cabinet which he formed, with Daniel Webster 
at its head as Secretary of State, was one of the most 
brilliant with which any President had ever been 
surrounded. Never were the prospects of an admin- 
istration more flattering, or the hopes of the country 
more sanguine. In the midst of these bright and 
joyous prospects. Gen. Harrison was seized by a 
pleurisy-fever and after a few days of violent sick- 
ness, died on the 4th of April ; just one month after 
his inauguration as President of the United States. 





I Hev 
I Co., 

OHN TYLER, the tenth 
, Presidentof the United States. 
He was born in Charles-city 
Va., March 29, 1790. He 
was the favored child of af- 
fluence and high social po- 
sition. At the earlj' age of 
twelve, John entered AVilliam 
and Mary College and grad- 
uated with much honor when 
but seventeen years old. After 
graduating, he devoted him- 
self with great assiduity to the 
study of law, partly with his 
father and partly with Edmund 
Randolph, one of the most distin- 
guished lawyers of Virginia. 

At nineteen years of age, ne 
commenced the practice of law. 
His success was rapid and aston- 
ishing. It is said that three 
mouths had not elapsed ere there 
was scarcely a case on the dock- 
et of the court in which he was 
not retained. When but twenty-one vears of age, he 
was almost unanimously elected to a seat in the State 
Legislature. He connected himself with the Demo- 
cratic i)arty, and v/armly advocated the measures of 
Jefferson and Madison. For five successive years he 
was elected to the Legislature, receiving nearly the 
unanimous vote or his county. 

When but twenty-six years of age, he was elected 
a member of Congress. Here he acted earnestly and 
ably with the Democratic party, opposing a national 
bank, internal improvements by tlie General fVfve'n- 

ment, a protective tariff, and advocatmg a strict con- 
struction of the Constitution, and the most careful 
vigilance over State rights. His labors in Congress 
were so arduous that before the close of his second 
term hj found it necessary to resign and retire to his 
estate in Charles-city Co., to recruit his health. He, 
however, soon after consented to take his seat in the 
State Legislature, where his influence was powerful 
in promoting public works of great utility. With a 
reputation thus canstantly increasing, he was chosen 
by a very large majority of votes. Governor of his 
native State. His administration was signally a suc- 
cessful one. His popularity secured his re-election. 

John Randolph, a brilliant, erratic, half-crazed 
man, then represented Virginia in the Senate of the 
United States. A portion of the Democratic party 
was displeased with Mr. Randolph's wayward course, 
and brought forward John Tyler as his opponent, 
considering him the only man in Virginia of sufficient 
popularity to succeed against the renowned orator of 
Roanoke. Mr. Tyler was the victor. 

In accordance with his professions, upon taking his 
seat in the Senate, he joined the ranks of the opposi- 
tion. He opposed the tariff; he spoke against and 
voted against the bank as unconstitutional; he stren- 
uously opposed all restrictions upon slavery, resist- 
ing all projects of internal improvements by the Gen- 
eral Government, and avowed his sympathy with Mr. 
Calhoun's view of nullification ; he declared that Gen. 
Jackson, by his opposition to the nuUifiers, had 
abandoned the piinciples of the Democratic party. 
Such was Mr. Tyler's record in Congress, — a record 
in perfect accordance with the principles which he 
had always avowed. 

Returning to Virginia, he resumed the practice of 
!;!<i profession. Ther(7 was a c[>lit in the Denf.ocralic 


party. His friends still regarded him as a true Jef- 
fersonian, gave hini a dinner, and showered compli- 
ments upon him. He had now attained the age of 
forty-six. His career had been very brilliant. In con- 
seijtience of his devotion to public business, his pri- 
vate affairs had fallen into some disorder; audit was 
not without satisfaction that he resumed the practice 
of law, and devoted himself to the culture of his plan- 
tation. Soon after this he removed to Williamsburg, 
for the better education of his children ; and he again 
took his seat in the Legislature of Virginia. 

By the Southern Whigs, he was sent to the national 
convention at Harrisburg to nominate a President in 
1839. The majority of votes werj given to Gen. Har- 
rison, a genuine Whig, much to the disappointment of 
the South, who wished for Henry Clay. To concili- 
ate the Southern Whigs and to secure their vote, the 
convention then nominated John Tyler for Vice Pres- 
ident. It was well known that he was not in sympa- 
thy with the Whig party in the Noith: but the Vice 
President lias but very little power in the Govern- 
ment, his main and almost only duty being to pre- 
side over the meetings of the Senate. Thus it hap- 
pened that a Whig President, and, in reality, a 
Democratic Vice President were chosen. 

In 1841, Mr. Tyler was inaugurated Vice Presi- 
dent of the United States. In one short month from 
that time, President Harrison died, and Mr. Tyler 
thus found himself, to his own surprise and that of 
tlie whole Nation, an occupant of the Presidential 
chair. This was a new test of the stability of our 
institutions, as it was the first time in the history of our 
country that such an event had occured. Mr. Tyler 
was at home in Williamsburg when he received the 
une.xpected tidings of the death of President Harri- 
son. He hastened to Washington, and on the 6th of 
April was inaugurated to the high and responsible 
office. He was placed in a position of exceeding 
delicacy and difficulty. All his long life he had been 
opposed to ll'.e main principles of the party which had 
lirought him into power. He had ever been a con- 
;-istent, honest man, with an unblemished record. 
Gen. Harrison had selected a Whig cabinet. Should 
he retain them, and thus surround himself with coun- 
sellors whose views were antagonistic to his own? or, 
on the other hand, should he turn against the party 
which had elected him and select a cabinet in har- 
n.ony with himself, and which would oppose all those 
views which the Whigs deemed essential to the pub- 
lic welfare? This was his fearful dilemma. He in- 
vited the cabinet which President Harrison had 
selected to retain their seats. He reccomm.'nded a 
day of fasting and prayer, that God would guide and 
bless us. 

The 'Whigs carried through Congress a bill for the 
incor]X)ration of a fiscal bank of the United States. 
The President, after ten dnys' delay, returned it wiih 
his veto. He tueeestcd, however, that he would 

approve of a bill drawn up upon such a plan as he 
proposed. Such a bill was accordingly prepared, and 
privately submitted to him.- He gave it his approval. 
It A'as passed without alteration, and he sent it back 
with his veto. Here commenced the open rupture. 
It is said that Mr. Tyler was provoked to this meas- 
ure by a published letter from the Hon. John M. 
Botts, a distinguished Virginia Whig, who severely 
touched the pride of the President. 

The opposition now exullingly received the Presi- 
dent into their arms. The party which elected him 
denounced him bitterly. All the members of his 
cabinet, excepting Mr. Webster, resigned. The Whigs 
of Congress, both the Senate and the House, held a 
meeting and issued an address to the people of the 
United States, proclaiming that all political alliance 
between the Whigs and President Tyler were at 
an end. 

Still the President attempted to conciliate. He 
appointed a new cabmet of distinguished Whigs and 
Conservatives, carefully leaving out all strong party 
men. Mr. Webster soon found it necessary to resign, 
forced out by the jjressure of his Whig friends. Thus 
the four years of Mr. Tyler's unfortunate administra- 
tion passed sadly away. No one was satisfied. The 
land was filled with murmurs and vitu]5eration. Whigs 
and Democracs alike assailed him. More and more, 
however, he brought himself into sym"pathy with his 
old friends, the Democrats, until atthe close of his term, 
he gave his whole influence to the support of Mr. 
Polk, the Democratic candidate for his successor. 

On the 4th of March, 1845, he retired from the 
harassments of office, to the regret of neither party, and 
probably to his own unspeakable lelief. His first wife. 
Miss Letitia Christian, died in Washington, in 1842; 
and in June, 1844, President Tyler was again married, 
at New York, to Miss Julia Gardiner, a young lady of 
many personal and intellectual accomplishments. 

The remainder of his days Mr. Tyler passed mainly 
in retirement at his beautiful home, — Sherwood For- 
est, Charles-city Co., Va. A polished gentleman in 
his manners, richly furnished with information from 
books and experience in the world, and possessing 
brilliant powers of conversation, his family circle was 
the scene of unusual attractions. \\\(\\ sufficient 
means for the exercise of a generous hospitality, he 
might have enjoyed a serene old age with the few 
friends who gathered around him, were it not for the 
storms of civil war which his own principles and 
policy had helped to introduce. 

When the great Rebellion rose, which the State- 
rights and nullifying doctrines of Mr. John C. Cal- 
houn had inaugurated. President Tyler renounced his 
allegiance to the United States, and joined the Confed- 
erates. He was chosen a member of their Congress; 
and while engaged in active measures to destroy, b" 
force of arms, the Government over which he had 
once presided, he was taken sick and soon died. 



AMES K. POLK, the eleventh 

^President of the United States, 

was born in Mecklenburg Co., 

N. C.,Nov. 2, 1795. His par- 

-.<-*j,\ ents were Samuel and Jane 

(Knox) Polk, the former a son 

of Col. Thomas Polk, who located 

at the above place, as one of the 

first pioneers, in 1735. 

In the year i3o6, with his wife 
and children, and soon after fol- 
lowed by most of the members of 
the Polk farnly, Samuel Polk emi- 
grated some two or three hundred 
miles farther west, to the rich valley 
of the Duck River. Here in the 
midst of the wilderness, in a region 
which was subsequently called Mau- 
ry Co., they reared their log huts, 
and established their homes. In the 
hard toil of a new farm in the wil- 
derness, James K. Polk sjjent the 
early years of his childhood and 
youth. His father, adding the pur- 
suit of a surveyor to thatof a farmer, 
gradually increased in wealth until 
he became one of the leading men of the region. Mis 
mother was a superior woman, of strong conniun 
sense and earnest piety. 

Very early in life, James developed a taste for 
reading and expressed the strongest desire to obtain 
a liberal education. His mother's training had made 
him methodical in his habits, had taught him punct- 
uality and industry, and had insi)ircd him with lofty 
principi(;s of morality. His health was frail ; and his 
father, fearing that he might not be able to endure a 

sedentary life, got a situation for him behind the 
counter, hoping to fit him for commercial pursuits. 

This was to James a bitter disappointment. He 
had no taste for these duties, and his daily tasks 
were irksome in the extreme. He remained in this 
uncongenial occupation but a few weeks, when at his 
earnest solicitation his father removed him, and made 
arrangements for him to prosecute his studies. Soon 
after he sent him to Murfrees^joro Academy. With 
ardor which could scarcely be surpassed, he pressed 
forward in his studies, and in less than two and a half 
years, in the autumn of 1815, entered the sophomore 
class in the University of North Carolinaj at Chapel 
Hill. Here he was one of the. most exemplaiy of 
scholars, punctual in every exercise, never allowing 
himself to be absent from a recitation or a religious 

He graduated in 1818, with the highest honors, be- 
ing deemed the best scholar of his class, both in 
mathematics and the classics. He was then twenty- 
three years of age. Mr. Polk's health was at this 
time much impaired by the a.ssiduity with whicJi he 
had prosecuted his studies. After a short season of 
relaxation he went to Nashville, and entered the 
office of Felix Grundy, io study law. Here Mr. Polk 
renewed his acquaintance with .Andrew Jackson, who 
resided on his plantation, the Hermitage, but a few 
miles from Nashville. They had probably been 
slightly acquainted before. 

Mr. Polk's father was a Jeffersonian Republican, 
and James K. Polk ever adhered to the same politi- 
cal faith. He was a po[Hilar i>ublic speaker, and was 
constantly called upon to address the meetings of his 
party friends. His skill as a speaker was such that 
he was po[)ulaily calletl ihe Napoleon of ihc stump. 
He was a man of unblemished morals, geni.-;! aril 


:ourterus in his bearing, and with that sympathetic 
nature in the jo) s and griefs of others which ever gave 
him troops of friends. In 1823, Mr. Polk was elected 
to the Legislature of Tennessee. Here he gave his 
strong influence towards the election of his friend, 
Mr. Jackson, to the Presidency of the United States. 

In January, 1824, Mr. Polk married Miss Sarah 
Childress, of Rutherford Co., Tenn. His bride was 
altogether worthy of him, — a lady of beauty and cul- 
ture. In the fall of 1825, Mr. Polk was chosen a 
member of Congress. The satisfaction which he gave 
to his constituents may be inferred from the fact, that 
for fourteen successive years, until 1839, he was con- 
tinuec' in that office. He then voluntarily withdrew, 
only that he might accept the Gubernatorial chair 
of Tennessee. In Congress he was a laborious 
mernber, a frequent and a popular speaker. He was 
always in his seat, always co.urteous ; and whenever 
he spoke it was always to the point, and without any 
ambitious rhetorical display. 

During five sessions of Congress, Mr. Polk was 
Speaker of the House Strong passions were roused, 
and stormy scenes were witnessed ; but Mr. Polk per- 
formed his arduous duties to a very general satisfac- 
tion, and a unanimous vote of thanks to him was 
passed by the House as he withdrew on the 4th of 
March, 1839. 

In accordance with Southern usage, Mr. Polk, as a 
candidate for Governor, canvassed tlic State. He was 
elected by a large majority, and on the 14th of Octo- 
ber, 1839, took the oath of office at Nashville. In 1841, 
his term of office expired, and he was again the can- 
didate of the Democratic party, but was defeated. 

On the 4th of March, 1845, Mr. Polk was inaugur- 
ated President of the United States. The verdict of 
the country in favor of the annexation of Texas, exerted 
its influence upon Congress ; and the last act of the 
administration of President Tyler was to affix his sig- 
nuture to a joint resolution of Congress, passed on the 
3d of March, approving of the annexation of Texas to 
the American Union. As Mexico still claimed Texas 
as one of her provinces, the Mexican minister, 
Almonte, immediately demanded his passports and 
left the country, declaring the act of the annexation 
to be an act hostile to Mexico. 

In his first message. President Polk urged that 
Texas should immediately, by act of Congress, be re- 
ceived into the Union on the same footing with the 
other States. In the meantime, Gen. Taylor was sent 

with an army into Texas to hold the country. Fe vas 
sent first to Nueces, which the Mexicans said was the 
western boundary of Texas. Then he was sent nearly 
two hundred miles further west, to the Rio Grande, 
where he erected batteries which commanded the 
Mexican city of Matamoras, which was situated on 
the western banks. 

The anticipated collision soon took place, and wa: 
was declared against Mexico by President Polk. The 
war was pushed forward by Mr. Polk's administration 
with great vigor. Gen. Taylor, whose army was first 
called one of "observation," then of "occupation," 
then of " invasion, "was sent forward to Monterey. The 
feeble Mexicans, in every encounter, were hopelessly 
and awfully slaughtered. The day of judgement 
alone can reveal the misery which this war caused. 
It v/as by the ingenuity of Mr. Polk's administration 
that the war was brought on. 

'To the victors belong the spoils." Mexico was 
prostrate before us. Her capital was in our hands 
We now consented to peace upon the condition that 
Mexico should surrender to us, in addition to Texas, 
all of New Mexico, and all of Upper and Lower Cal- 
ifornia. This new demand embraced, exclusive of 
Texas, eight hundred thousand square miles. Tliis 
was an extent of territory equal to nine States of the 
siEeof New York. Thus slavery was securing eighteen 
majestic States to be added to the Union. There were 
some Americans who thought it all right ; there were 
others who thought it all wrong. In the prosecution 
of this war, we expended twenty thousand lives and 
more than a hundred million of dollars. Of this 
money fifteen millions were paid to Mexico. 

On the 3d of March, 1849, Mr. Polk retired from 
office, having served one term. The next day was 
Sunday. On the 5th, Gen. Taylor was inaugurated 
as his successor. Mr Polk rode to the Capitol in tlie 
same carriage with Gen. Taylor; and the same even- 
ing, with Mrs. Polk, he commenced his return to 
Tennessee. He was then but fifty-four years of age. 
He had ever been strictly temperate in all his habits, 
and his health was good With an ample fortune, 
a choice library, a cultivated mind, and domestic ties 
of the dearest nature, it seemed as though long years 
of tranquility and hapi)iness were before him. But the 
cholera — that fearful scourge— was then sweeping up 
tlie Valley of the Mississippi. This he contracted, 
and died on the i5tli of June, 1849, in the fifty-fourth 
year of his age, greatly mourned by his countrymen. 






;^A^«4.j[^f f^ipii^i^ig. 


P^ President of the United States, 
Was bom on the 24th of Nov., 
1784, in Orange Co., Va. His 
father, Colonel Taylor, was 
a Virginian of note, and a dis- 
tinguished patriot and soldier of 
the Revolution. When Zachary 
was an infant, his father with his 
wife and two children, emigrated 
to Kentucky, where he settled in 
the pathless wilderness, a few 
miles from Louisville. Li this front- 
ier home, away from civilization and 
all its refinements, young Zachary 
could enjoy but few social and educational advan- 
tages. When six years of age he attended a common 
school, and was then regarded as a bright, active boy, 
rather remarkable for bluntness and decision of char- 
acter He was strong, feailess and self-reliant, and 
manifested a strong desire to enter the army to fight 
the Lidians who were ravaging the frontiers. There 
is little to be recorded of the uneventful years of his 
childhood un his father's large but lonely plantation. 
In 1808, his father succeeded in obtaining for him 
the commission of lieutenant in the United States 
army ; and he joined the troops which were stationed 
at New Orleans under Gen. Wilkinson. Soon after 
this he married Miss Margaret Smith, a young lady 
from one of the first families of Maryland. 

Immediately after the declaration of war with Eng- 
land, in 18 12, Capt. Taylor (for he had then been 
promoted to that rank) was put in command of Fort 
Harrison, on the Wabash, about fifty miles above 
Vincennes. This fort had been built in the wilder- 
ness by Gen. Harrison. on his march to Tippecanoe. 
It was one of the first points of attack by the Indians, 
ied by Tecumseh. Its garrison consisted of a broken 

company of infantry numbering fifty men, many of 
whom were sick. 

Early in the autumn of 1812, the Indians, stealthily, 
and in large numbers, moved ujxjn the fort. The.i 
ai)i)roach was first indicated by the murder of two 
soldiers just outside of the stockade. Capt. Taylor 
made every possible preparation to meet the antici- 
pated assault. On the 4th of September, a band of 
forty painted and plumed savages came to the fort, 
waving a white flag, and informed Capt. Taylor that 
in the morning their chief would come to have a talk 
with him. It was evident that their object was merely 
to ascertain the state of things at the fort, and Capt. 
Taylor, well versed in the wiles of the savages, kept 
them at a distance. 

The sun went down ; the savages disappeared, the 
garrison slept upon their arms. One hour before 
midnight the war whoop burst from a thousand lips 
in the forest around, followed by the discharge of 
musketry, and the rush of the foe. Every man, sick 
and well, sprang to his post. Every man knew that 
defeat was not merely death, but in the case of caj)- 
ture, death by the most agonizing and prolonged tor- 
ture. No pen can describe, no immagination can 
conceive the scenes which ensued. The savages suc- 
ceeded in setting fire to one of the block-houses- 
Until si.K o'clock in the morning, this awful conflict 
continued. The savages then, baffled at every point, 
and gnashing their teeth with rage,- retired. Capt. 
Taylor, for this gallant defence, was promoted to the 
rank of major by brevet. 

Until the close of the war, Major Taylor was placed 
in such situations that he saw but little more of active 
service. He was sent far away into the depths of the 
wilderness, to Fort Crawford, on Fox River, which 
empties into Green Bay. Here there was but little 
to be done but to wear away the tedious hours as one 
best could. There were no books, no society, no in- 


tellectual stimulus. Thus with him the uneventful 
years rolled on Gradually he rose to the rank of 
colonel. In the Black Hawk war, which resulted in 
the capture of that renowned chieftain, Col Taylor 
took a subordinate but a brave and efficient part. 

For twenty four years Col. Taylor was engaged in 
the defence of the frontiers, in scenes so remote, and in 
eni|)loyments so obscure, that his name was unknown 
beyond the limits of his own immediate acquaintance. 
In the year r836, he was sent to Florida to compel 
the Seminole Indians to vacate that region and re- 
tire beyond the Mississippi, as their chiefs by treaty, 
hac' promised they should do. The services rendered 
he:e secured for Col. Taylor the high appreciation of 
the Government; and as a reward, he was elevated 
tc .he rank of brigadier-general by brevet ; and soon 
after, in May, 1838, was appointed to the chief com- 
mand of the United States troops in Florida. 

After two years of such wearisome employment 
amidst the everglades of the peninsula, Gen. Taylor 
obtained, at his own request, a change of command, 
li^nd was stationed over the Department of the South- 
west, This field embraced Louisiana, Mississippi, 
Alabama and Georgia. Establishing his headquarters 
at Fort Jessup, in Louisiana, he removed his family 
to a plantation which he purchased, near Baton Rogue. 
Here he remained for five years, buried, as it were, 
from the world, but faithfully discharging every duty 
imposed upon him. 

In 1S46, Gen. Taylor was sent to guard the land 
between the Nueces and Rio Grande, the latter river 
being the boundary of Texas, which was then claimed 
by the United States. Soon the war with Mexico 
was brought on, and at Palo Alto and Resaca de la 
Palma, Gen. Taylor won brilliant victories over the 
Me.\icans. The rank of major-general by brevet 
was tlien conferred upon Gen. Taylor, and his name 
was received with enthusiasm almost everywhere in 
the Nation. Then came the battles of Monterey and 
Buena Vista in which he won signal victories over 
forces much larger than he commanded. 

His careless habits of dress and his unaffected 
r-implicity, secured for Gen. Taylor among his troops, 
ihe. s<>l>n'(juiH of "Old Rougli and Ready.' 

Tiie tidings of the brilliant victory of Buena Vista 
.spread the wildest enthusiasm over the country. The 
name of Gen. Taylor was on every one's lips. The 
Whig party decided to take advantage of this wonder- 
ful [jopularity in bringing forward the unpolished, un- 
lettered, honest soldier as their candidate for the 
Presidency. Gen. Taylor was astonished at the an- 
nouncement, and for a time would not listen to it; de- 
claring that he was not at all (jualified for such an 
office. So little interest had he taken in politics that, 
for forty years, he had not cast a vote. It was not 
without chagrin that several distinguished statesmen 
wlio had been long years in the public ser\'ice found 
■ claims set aside in behalf of one wliose name 

had never been heard of, save in connection with Palo 
Alto, Resaca de la Palma, Monterey and Buena 
Vista. It Is said that Daniel Webster, in his haste re- 
marked, " It is a nomination not fit to be made." 

Gen. Taylor was not an eloquent speaker nor a fine 
writer His friends took possession of him, and pre- 
pared such few communications as it was needful 
should be presented to the public. The popularity of 
the successful warrior swept the land. He was tri- 
umphantly elected over two op[)Osing candidates,- — 
Gen. Cass and Ex-President Martin Van Buren. 
Thougli he selected an excellent cabinet, the good 
old man found himself in a very uncongenial iX)sition, 
and was, at times, sorely perplexed and harassed. 
His mental sufferings were very severe, and probably 
tended to hasten his death. The pro-slavery party 
was pushing its claims with tireless energy, expedi- 
tions were fitting out to capture Cuba ; California was 
pleading for admission to the Union, while slavery 
stood at the door to bar her out. Gen. Taylor found 
the political conflicts in Washington to be far more 
trying to the nerves than battles with Mexicans or 

In the midst of all these troubles, Gen. Taylor, 
after he had occuined the Presidential chair but little 
over a year, took cold, and after a brief sickness of 
but little over five days, died on the 9th of July, 1850. 
His last words were, "I am not afraid to die. I am 
ready. I have endeavored to do my duty." He died 
universally respected and beloved. An honest, un- 
pretending man, he had been steadily growing in the 
affections of the people ; and the Nation bitterly la- 
mented his death. 

Gen. Scott, who was thoioughly aciiuainted with 
Gen. Taylor, gave the following graphic and truthful 
description of his character: — " With a good store of 
common sense. Gen. Taylor's mind had not been en- 
larged and refreshed by reading, or much converse 
with the world. Rigidity of ideas was the conse- 
quence. The frontiers and small military posts had 
been his home. Hence he was quite ignorant for his 
rank, and quite bigoted in his ignorance. His sim- 
plicity was child-like, and with innumerable preju- 
dices, amusing and incorrigible, well suited to the 
tender age. Thus, if a man, however respectable, 
chanced to wear a coat of an unusual color, or his hat 
a little on one side of his head ; or an officer to leave 
a corner of his, handkerchief dangling from an out- 
side pocket, — in any such case, this critic held the 
offender to be a coxcomb (perhaps something worse), 
whom he would not, to use his oft repeated iihrase, 
' touch with a pair of tongs.' 

"Any allusion to literature beyond good old Dil- 
worth's spelling-book, on the part of one wearing a 
sword, was evidence, with the same judge, of utter 
unfitness for heavy marchings and comliats. In short, 
few men have ever had a more comfortable, labor- 
saving contempt for learnirg of every kind." 

^ (-^^^{^t-t^ocrZ/) 




•MILLflHn FILLfflnHE.'^ 


'■4 w 

teenth Presidentof the United 
M States, was born at Summer 
<f Hill, Cayuga Co., N. Y ., on 
the 7th of January, 1800. His 
^^=^ father was a farmer, and ow- 
ing to misfortune, in humble cir- 
cumstances. Of his mother, the 
daughter of Dr. Abiathar Millard, 
of Pittsfield, Mass., it has been 
said that she possessed an intellect 
of very high order, united with much 
personal loveliness, sweetness of dis- 
position, graceful manners and ex- 
quisite sensibilities. She died in 
1831 ; having lived to see her son a 
young man of distinguished prom- 
ise, though she was not permitted to witness the high 
dignity which he finally attained. 

In consequence of the secluded home and limited 
means of his father, Millard enjoyed but slender ad- 
vantages for education in his early years. The com- 
mon schools, which he occasionally attended were 
very imperfect mstitutions; and books were scarce 
and expensive. There was nothing then in his char- 
acter to indicate the brilliant career upon which he 
was about to enter. He was a plain farmer's boy; 
intelligent, good-looking, kind-hearted. The sacred 
influences of home had taught him to revere the Bible, 
and had laid the foundations of an upright character. 
When fourteen years of age, his father sent him 
some hundred miles from home, to the then wilds of 
Livingston Coimty, to learn the trade of a clothier. 
Neai' the nii'l there was a small villiage, wheri' some 

enterprising man had commenced the collection of a 
village library. This proved an inestimable blessing 
to young Fillmore. His evenings were spent in read- 
ing. Soon every leisure moment was occupied with 
books. His thirst for knowledge became insatiate 
and the selections which he made were continually 
more elevating and instructive. He read history, 
biography, oratory, and thus gradually there was en- 
kindled in his heart a desire to be something more 
than a mere worker with his hands; and he was be- 
coming, almost unknown to himself, a well-informed, 
educated man. 

The young clothier had now attained the .-ige of 
nineteen years, and was of fine personal appearance 
and of gentlemanly demeanor. It so happened tha'. 
there was a gentleman in the neighborhood cf ani[)le 
pecuniary means and of benevolence, — Judge Walter 
Wood, — who was struck with the prepossessing a!)- 
pearance of young Fillmore. He made his acipuiint- 
ance, and was so much impressed with his ability and 
attainments that he advised him to abandon hi.; 
trade and devote himself to the study of the law. The 
young man replied, that he had no means of his ow;;, 
r.o friends to help him and that his previous educa- 
tion had been very imperfect. But Judge Wood had 
so much confidence in him that he kindly offered to 
take him into his own office, and to loan him such 
money as he needed. Most gratefully the generous 
offer was accepted. 

There is in many minds a strange delusion abou'. 
a collegiate education. A young man is supposed to 
be liberally educated if he has graduated at some col- 
lege. But many a boy loiters through university hal'- 
Hud then enters a law office, who is by no means ks 



well prepared to prosecute his legal studies as was 
Millard Fillmore when he graduated at the clothing- 
mill at the end of four years of manual labor, during 
which every leisure moment had been devoted to in- 
tense mental culture. 

In 1823, when twenty-three years of age, he -.vas 
admitted to the Court of Common Pleas. He then 
went to the village of Aurora, and commenced the 
practice of law. In this secluded, peaceful region, 
his practice of course was limited, and there was no 
opportunity for a sudden rise in fortune or in fame. 
Here, in the year 1826, he married a lady of great 
moral worth, and one capable of adorning any station 
she might be called to fill, — Miss Abigail Powers. 

His elevation of character, liis untiring industry, 
his legal acquirements, and his skill as an advocate, 
gradually attracted attention ; and he was invited to 
enter into partnershi[) under highly advantageous 
circumstances, with an elder member of the bar in 
Buffalo. Just before removing to Buffalo, in 1829, 
he took his seat in the House of Assembly, of the 
State of New York, as a representative from Erie 
County. Though he had never taken a very active 
part in politics, his vote and his sympathies were with 
the Whig party. The State was then Democratic, 
and he found himself in a helpless minority in the 
Legislature, still the testimony comes from all parlies, 
that iiis courtesy, ability and integrity, won, to a very 
unusual degri e the res[)ect of his associates. 

In tlie auti:-mn of 1832, he was elected to a seat in 
the United States Congress He entered that troubled 
irena in some of the most tumultuous hours of our 
national history. Tiie great conflict respecting the 
national bank and the removal of the deposits, was 
then raging. 

His term of two years closed ; and he returned to 
hi.s profession, which he pursued with increasing rep- 
utation and success. After a lapse of two years 
he again became a candidate for Congress ; was re- 
elected, and took his seat in 1837. His past expe- 
rience 3^ a representative gave hmi stiength and 
confidence. The first terra of service in Congress to 
any man can be but little more than an introduction. 
He was now prejjared for active duty. All his ener- 
gies were brought to bear upon the public good. Every 
measure received his impress. 

Mr. Fillmore was now a man of wide repute, and 
his popularity filled the State, and in the year 1847, 
he was elected Comptroller of the State. 

Mr. Fillmore had attained the age of forty-seven 
years. His labors at the bar, in the Legislature, in 
Congress and as Comptroller, had given him very con- 
siderable fame. The Whigs were casting about to 
find suitable candidates for President and Vice-Presi- 
dent at the approaching election. Far away, on the 
waters of the Rio Grande, there was a rough old 
soldier, who had fought one or two successful battles 
with the Mexicans, which had caused his name to be 
proclaimed in tiumpet-tones all over the land. JUit 
it was necessary to associate with him on the same 
ticket some man of reputation as a statesman. 

Under tlie influence of these considerations, the 
namesofZachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore became 
the rallying-cry of the Whigs, as their candidates for 
President and Vice-Peesident. The Whig ticket was 
signally triumphant. On the 4th of March, 1849, 
Gen. Taylor was inaugurated President, and Millard 
Fillmore Vice-President, of the United States. 

On the 9th of July, 1850, President Taylor, but 
about one year and four months after his inaugura- 
tion, was suddenly taken sick and died. By the Con- 
stitution, Vice-President Fillmore thus became Presi- 
dent. He ai)pointed a very able cabinet, of which 
the illustrious Daniel Webster was Secretary of State. 
Mr. Fillniore had very serious difficulties to contend 
with, since the opposition had a majority in both 
Houses. He did everything in his power to conciliate 
the South ; but the pro-slavery party in the South felt 
the inadeipiacyofallmeasuresof transient conciliation. 
The population of the free States was so rapidly in- 
creasing over that of the slave States that it was in- 
evitable that the power of the Government should 
soon pass into the hands of the free States. The 
famous compromise measures were adopted under Mr. 
Fillmore's adminstration, and the Japan Expedition 
was sent out. On the 4th of March, 1853, Mr. Fill- 
more, having served one term, retired. 

In 1856, Mr. Fillmore was nominated for the Pres- 
idency by the " Know Nothing " party, but was beaten 
by Mr. Buchanan. After that Mr. Fillmore lived in 
retirement. During the terrible conflict of civil war, 
he was mostly silent. It was generally supposed that 
his sympathies were rather with those who were en- 
deavoring to overthrow our institutions. President 
Fillmore kept aloof from the conflict, without any 
cordial words of cheer to the one party or the other. 
He was thus forgotien by both. He lived to a ripe 
old age, and died in Buffalo. N. Y., March 8, 1874. 



^p'~^'x:^ ^fe^S3i^^_rv_., 

foj£aa ia^ — - ° = 



f^.t..t.t.t.t.,ji.t.t.,.t..A,.t.,.t..t.,±..t.;Ut. A,±,.tvt^ 

fourteenth President of the 
'"'United States, was born in 
Hillsborough, N. H., Nov. 
23, 1804. His father was a 
Revolutionary soldier, who, 
with his own strong arm, 
hewed out a home in the 
wilderness. He was a man 
of inllexible integrity' ; of 
strong, though uncultivated 
mind, and an uncompromis- 
ing Democrat. The mother of 
Franklin Pierce was all that a son 
could desire, — an intelligent, pru- 
dent, affectionate. Christian wom- 
an. Franklin was the si.xth of eight children. 

Franklin was a very bright and handsome boy, gen- 
erous, warm-hearted and brave. He won alike the 
love of old and young. The boys on the play ground 
loved him. His teachers loved him. The neighbors 
looked upon liim with pride and affection. He was 
by instinct a gentleman; always speaking kind words, 
doing kind, deeds, with a peculiar unstudied tact 
which taught him what was agreeable. Witliout de- 
veloping any precocity of genius, or any unnatural 
devotion to books, he was a good scholar ; in body, 
in mind, in affections, a finely-developed boy. 

When sixteen years of age, in the year 1820, he 
entered Bowdoin College, at Brunswick, Me He was 
one of the most ])opular young men in the college. 
The jiurity cf his moral character, the unvarying 
courtesy of his demeanor, his rank as a scholar, and 

genial nature, rendered him a universal favorite. 
There was something very peculiarly winning in his 
address, and it was evidently not in the slightest de- 
gree studied : it was the simple outgushing of his 
own magnanimous and loving nature. 

Upon graduating, in the year 1824, Franklin Pierce 
commenced the study of law in the office of Judge 
Woodbury, one of the most distinguished lawyers of 
the State, and a man of great private worth. Thi' 
eminent social qualities of the young lawyer, his 
father's prominence as a i)ublic man, and the brilliant 
political career into which Judge Woodbury was eii- 
tering, all tended to entice Mr. Pierce into the faci- 
nating yet perilous path of political life. Witli all 
the ardor of his nature he espoused the cause of Gen. 
Jackson for the Presidency. He commenced die 
practice of law in Hillslwrough, and was soon elected 
to represent the town in the State Legislature. Here 
he served for four yeais. The last two years he was 
chosen speaker of the house by a very large vote. 

In 1833, at the age of twenty-nine, he was elected 
a member of Congress. Without taking an active 
part in debates, he was faithful and laborious in duty, 
and ever rising in the estimation of those with whom 
he was associatad. 

In 1837, being then but thirty-three years of age, 
he was elected to the Senate of the United States; 
taking his seat just as Mr. Van Buren commenced 
his administration. He was the youngest member in 
the Senate. In the year 1S34. he married Miss Jane 
Means Appleton, a lady of rare beauty and accom- 
plishments, and one admirably fitted to adorn every 
station with wliich her husband was honoied. Of the 



three sons who were born to them, all now sleep with 

their parents in the grave. 

In tlie year 1838, Mr. Pierce, with growing fame 
and increasing business as a lawyer, took up his 
residence in Concord, tlie capital of New Hampshire. 
President Polk, ii[)on his accession to office, appointed 
Mr. Pierce attorney-general of the United States; but 
the offer was declined, in consequence of numerous 
professional engagements at home, and the precariuos 
state of Mrs. . Pierce's health. He also, about the 
same time declined the nomination for governor by the 
Democratic party. The war with Mexico called Mr. 
Pierce in the army. Receiving the appointment of 
brigadier-general, he embarked, with a portion of his 
troops, at Newport, R. I., on the 27th of May, 1847. 
He took an important part in this war, proving him- 
self a brave and true soldier. 

When Gen. Pierce reached his home in his native 
State, he was received enthusiastically by the advo- 
cates of the Mexican war, and coldly by his oppo- 
nents. He resumed the practice of his profession, 
very fre<iuently taking an active part in political ques- 
tions, giving his cordial support to the pro-slavery 
wing of the Democratic party. The compromise 
measures met cordially with his a|)proval; and he 
strenuously advocated the enforcement of the infa- 
mous fugitive-slave law, which so shocked the religious 
sensibilities of the Nortli. He thus became distin- 
guished as a "Northern man with Southern principles.'' 
The strong partisans of slavery in the South conse- 
quently regarded him as a man whom they could 
safely trust in office to carry out their plans. 

On the i2th of June, 1852, the Democratic conven- 
tion met in Baltimore to nominate a candidate for the 
Presidency. For four days they continued in session, 
and in thirty-five ballotings no one had obtained a 
two-thirds vote. Not a vote thus far had been thrown 
for Gen. Pierce. Then the Virginia delegation 
brought forward his name. There were fourteen 
more ballotings, during which Gen. Pierce constantly 
gained strength, until, at the forty-ninth ballot, he 
received two hundred and eighty-two votes, and all 
other candidates eleven. Gen. Winfield Scott was 
the Whig candidate. Gen. Pierce was chosen with 
great unanimity. Only four States — Vermont, Mas- 
sachusetts, Kentucky and Tennessee — cast their 
electoral votes against him Gen. Franklin Pierce 
was therefore inaugurated President of the United 
States on the 4th of March, 1853. 

His administration proved one of the most stormy our 
country had ever experienced. The controversy ije- 
tween slavery and freedom was then approaching its 
culminating point. It became evident that there was 
an "irrepressible conflict " between them, and that 
this Nation could not long exist " half slave and half 
free." President Pierce, during the whole of his ad- 
ministration, did every thing he could to conciliate 
the South ; but it was all in vain. The conflict every 
year grew more violent, and threats of the dissolution 
of the Union were borne to the North on every South- 
ern breeze. 

Such was the condition of affairs when President 
Pierce approached the close of his four-years' term 
of office. The North had become thoroughly alien- 
ated from him. The anti-slavery sentiment, goaded 
by great outrages, had been rapidly increasing; all 
the intellectual ability and social worth of President 
Pierce were forgotten in deep reprehension of his ad- 
ministrative acts. The slaveholders of the South, also, 
unmindful of the fidelity with which he had advo- 
cated those measures of Government which they ap- 
proved, and perhaps, also, feeling tliat he had 
rendered himself so unpoiiular as no longer to be 
able accei)tably to serve them, ungratefully dropped 
him, and nominated James Buchanan to succeed him. 

On the 4th of March, 1857, President Pierce re- 
tired to his home in Concord. Of three children, two 
had died, and his only surviving child had been 
killed before his eyes by a railroad accident ; and his 
wife, one of the most estimable and accomplished of 
ladies, was rapidly sinking in consumption. The 
hour of dreadful gloom soon came, and he was left 
alone in the world, without wife or child. 

When the terrible Rebellion burst forth, which di- 
vided our country into two parties, and two only, Mr. 
Pierce remained steadfast in the principles which he 
had always cherished, and gave his sympathies to 
that pro-slavery party with which he had ever been 
allied. He declined to do anything, either by voice 
or pen, to strengthen the hand of the National Gov- 
erninent. He continued to reside in Concord until 
the time of his death, which occurred in October, 
1869. He was one of the most genial and social of 
men, an honored communicant of the Episcopal 
Church, and one of the kindest of neighbors. Gen- 
erous to a fault, he contiibuted liberally for the al- 
leviation of suffering and want, and many of his towns- 
people were often gladened by his material bounty. 




ZZy777.e-J (S^^uc- 




-^«« — ►-• 


'■■•^^cii'i^'igitsa'gjtt'Jagit^tBga'sgi'^'.; i' ; .' 




AMES BUCHANAN, the fif- 
-teenth President of the United 
States, was born in a small 
frontier town, at the foot of the 
eastern ridge of the Allegha- 
nies, in Franklin Co., Penn., on 
s> the 23d of April, 1791. The ;>lace 
where the humble cabin of his 
father sti'od was called Stony 
IT *> Batter. It was a wild and ro- 
mantic spot in a gorge of the moun- 
tains, with towering summits rising 
grandly all around. His father 
was a native of the north of Ireland ; 
a poor man, who had emigrated in 
1783, with little pro|<erty save liis 
own strong arms. Five years afterwards he married 
Elizabeth Spear, the daughter of a respectable farmer, 
and, with his young bride, plunged into the wilder- 
ness, staked his claim, reared his log-hut, opened a 
clearing with his axe, and settled down there to per- 
form his obscure part in the drama of life. In this se- 
cluded home, where James was born, he remained 
for eight years, enjoying but few social or intellectual 
advantages. Wlien James was eight yeais of age, his 
father removed to the village of Merccrsburg, where 
Lis son was placed at school, and commenced a 
course of study in English, Latin and Greek. His 
progress was rapid, and at the age of fourteen, he 
entered Dickinson College, at Carlisle. Here he de- 
veloped remarkable talent, and took his stand among' 
the first scholars in the institution. His aiiplication 
<o study was intense, and yet his native powers en- 

abled him to master the most abstruse subjects with 

In the year 1S09, he graduated with the liighest 
honors of his class. He was then eighteen years of 
age; tall and graceful, vigorous in health, fond of 
athletic sport, an unerring shot, and enlivened with 
an e.xuberant flow of animal spirits. He immediately 
commenced the study of hnv in the city of Lancaster, 
and was admitted to the bar in 1S12, when he was 
but twenty-one years of age. Very rapidly he rose 
in his profession, and at once took undisputed stand 
with the ablest lawyers of the State. When but 
twenty-si.x years of age, unaided Ijy counsel, he suc- 
cessfully defended before the State Senate ore of the 
judges of the State, who was tried upon articles of 
impeachment. .\t the age of thirty it was generally 
admitted that he stood at the head of the bar; and 
there was no lawyer in the State who had a more lu- 
crative practice. 

In 1820, he reluctantly consented to run as a 
candidate for Congress. He was elected, and for 
ten years he remained a member of the Lower House. 
During the vacations of Congress, he occasionally 
tried some important case. In 1831, he retired 
altogether from the toils of his jjrofession, having ac- 
(piired an ample fortune. 

Gen. Jackson, u[)on his elevation to the Presidency, 
apjjointed Mr. Buchanan minister to Russia. The 
duties of his mission he performed with ability, wliirh 
gave satisfaction to all parties. Upon his return, in 
1833, he was elected to a seat in the United States 
Senate. He there met, as his associates, Webster, 
Clay, Wright ar.d Calhoun. He advocated th.e meas- 
ures proi.>osed by President,Jackson, of miking repri- 



%Aa against France, to enforce the payment of our 
claims against that country; and defended the course 
of tlie President in his unprecedented and wliolesale 
removal from office of those who were not the sup- 
porlers of liis administration. Upon this question he 
was brought into direct collision with He.iry Clay. 
He also, with voice and vote, advocated expunging 
from the journal of the Senate tlie vote of censure 
against Gen. Jackson for removing the deposits. 
Karnestly he opposed the abolition of slavery in the 
District of Columbia, and urged the prohibition of the 
circulation of anti-slavery documents by the United 
States mails. 

As to petitions on the subject of slavery, he advo- 
cated that they should be respectfully received; and 
that the reply should be returned, that Congress had 
no power to legislate upon the subject. " Congress," 
said he, " might as well undertake to interfere with 
slavery under a foreign government as in any of the 
States where it now exists." 

Upon Mr. Polk's accession to the Presidency, Mr. 
Buchanan became Secretary of State, and as such, 
took his share of the responsibility in the conduct of 
the Mexican War. Mr. Polk assumed that crossing 
the Nueces by the American troops into the disputed 
territory was not wrong, but for the Mexicans to cross 
the Rio Grande into that territory was a declaration 
of war. No candid man can read with pleasure the 
account of the course our Government pursued in that 

Mr. Buchanan identified himself thoroughly with 
the party devoted to the pi^rpetuation and extension 
of slavery, and brought all the energies of his mind 
to bear against the Wilmot Proviso. He gave his 
cordial approval to the compromise measures of 1S50, 
which included the fugitive-slave law. Mr. Pierce, 
upon his election to the Presidency, honored Mr. 
Buchanan with the mission to England. 

In the year 1856, a national Democratic conven- 
tion nominated Mr. Buchanan for the Presidency. The 
political conflict was one of the most severe in which 
our country has ever engaged. All the. friends of 
slavery were on one side; all the advocates of its re- 
striction and final aliohtion, on the other. Mr. Fre- 
mont, the candiilale of the enemies of slavery, re- 
'.eived 114 electoral votes. Mr. Buchanan received 
174, and was elected. The popular vote stood 
1,340,618, for Fremont, 1,224,750 for Buchanan. On 
March 4th. 1857, Mr. Buchanan was inaugurated. 

Mr. Buchanan was far advanced in life. Only four 
vears were wanting lo fill up his threescore years and 
ten. His own friends, those with whom he had lieen 
a11".e(2 in political princi|)les and action for years, were 
seeking the destruction of the Government, that they 
might rear upon the ruins of our free institutions a 
nation whose corner-stone should be human slavery. 
In this emergency, Mr. Buchanan was hopelessly be- 
wildered He could not, with his long-avowed prin- 

ciples, consistently oppose the State-rights party in 
their assumptions. As President of the United States, 
bound by his oath faithfully to administer the laws 
lie could not, without perjury of the grossest kind, 
unite with those endeavoring to overthrow the repub- 
lic. He therefore did r.olhing. 

The op[)onents of Mr. Buchanan's administration 
nominated Abraham Lincoln as their standard bearer 
in the next Presidential canvass. The pro-slavery 
party declared, that if he were elected, and the con- 
trol of the Government were thus taken from their 
hands, they would secede from tlie Union, taking 
with them, as they retired, the National Capitol at 
Washington, and the lion's share of the territory of 
the United States. 

Mr. Buchanan's sympathy with the pro-slavery 
party was such, that he had been willing to offerthem 
far more than they had ventured to claim. All the 
South had professed to ask of the North was non- 
intervention upon the subject of slavery. Mr. Bu- 
chanan had been ready to offer them the active co- 
operation of the Government to defend and extend 
the institution. 

As the storm increased in violence, the slaveholders 
claiming the right to secede, and Mr. Buchanan avow- 
ing that Congress had no power to prevent it, one of 
the most pitiable exhibitions of governmental im- 
becility waS exhibited the world has ever seen. He 
declared that Congress had no power to enforce its 
laws in any State which had withdrawn, or which 
was attempting to withdraw from the Union. This 
was not the doctrine of Andrew Jacksen, when, wiih 
his hand upon his sword hilt, he exclaimed. "The 
Union must and sliall be preserved!" 

South Carolina seceded in December, i860; nearly 
three months before the inauguration of President 
Lincoln. Mr. Buchanan looked on in listless despair. 
The rebel flag was raised in Charleston: Fort Sunipter 
was besieged ; our forts, navy-yards and arsenals 
were seized; our depots of military stores were plun- 
dered; and our custom-houses and post-offices were 
apjiropriated by the rebels. 

The energy of the rebels, and the imbecility of our 
Executive, were alike marvelous. The Nation looked 
on in agony, waiting for the slow weeks to glide away, 
and close the administration, so terrible in its weak- 
ness At length the long-looked-for hour of deliver- 
ance came, when Abraham Lincoln was to receive the 

The administration of President Buchanan was 
certainly the most calamitous our country has ex- 
])erienced. His best friends canrot recall it with 
))leasure. .\nd still more deplorable it is for his fame, 
that in that dreadful conflict which rolled its billows 
of flame and blood over out whclc 'and, no word came 
from his lips to indicate his wish that our country's 
banner should triumph over the flag of the rebellion. 
He died at his Wheatland retreat, June i, i86t5. 







< ABRAHAM > ?i:l)€5*^|S 


H > : 


< »■ 


sixteenth President of the 
^•©Uniled States, was horn in 
' f] Hardin Co., Ky., Feb. 12, 
)|/J 1809. Ahout the year 17S0, a 
..'-^ man by the name of Abraham 
'^ Lincohi left Virginia with iiis 
family and moved into the then 
wilds of Kentucky. Only two years 
after tliis emigration, still a young 
man, while woriving one day in a 
field, was stealthily appro:;ched by 
an Indian and shot dead. His widow 
was left in extreme poverty with five 
little children, three boys and two 
girls. Thomas, the youngest of the 
boys, was four years of age at his 
father's death. This Thomas was 
the father of Abraham Lincoln, the 
President of the United States 
whose name must henceforth fo-'ever be enrolled 
with the most prominent in the annals of our v/oild. 
Of course no record has been kept of the life 
of one so lowly as Thomas Lincoln. He was among 
(he poorest of the poor. His home was a wretched 
log -cabin; his food the coarsest and the meanest. 
Education he had none; he could never either read 
nr write. .\s soon as he was able to do anything for 
himself, he was compelled to leave the cabin of his 
starving mother, and push out into the world, a friend- 
.ess, wandering boy, seeking woik. He hired him- 
self out, and thus spent the whole of his youth as a 
'aborer in the fields of others. 

When twenty-eight years of age he built a log- 
rabin of his own, and married Nancy Hanks, the 
daughter of another family of poor Kentucky emi- 
grants, who had also come from Virginia. Their 
second child was Aliraham Lincoln, the subject of 
this sketch. The mother of Abraham was a noble 
woman, gentle, loving, ])ensive, created to adorn 
a palace, doomed to toil and i)ine, and die in a hovel. 
" All that I am, or hope to be," exclaims the grate- 
ful son "I owe to my angel-mother. 

When he was eight years of age, his father solil his 

cabin and small farm, and moved to Indiana Wherc 
two years later his mother died. 

Abraham soon, became the scribe of the uneducated 
comuiunity around him. He could not have had r. 
better school than this to teach him to put thoughts 
into words. He also became an eager reader. The 
books he could obtain were few ; but these he read 
and re-read until they were almost committed to 

As the years rolled on, the lot of this lowly familj 
was the usual lot of humanity. There were joys and 
griefs, weddings and funerals. Abraham's sister 
Sarah, to whom he was tenderly attached, was mar- 
ried wiien a child of liut fourteen years of age, and 
soon died. The family was gradually scattered. Mr. 
Thomas Lincoln sold out his squatter's claim in 1830, 
and emigrated to iVIacon Co., 111. 

Abraham Lincoln was then twenty-one years of age. 
With vigorous hands he aided his father in rearing 
another log-cabin. Abraham worked diligently at this 
until he saw the family comfortably settled, and their 
small lot of enclosed prairie [jlanted with corn, when 
he announced to his father his intention to leave 
home, and to go out into the world and seek his for- 
tune. Little did he or his friends imagine how bril- 
liant that fortune was to be. He saw the value of 
education and was intensely earnest to improve his 
mind to the utmost of his power. He saw the ruin 
which aident 'spirits were causing, and l:e(ame 
strictly temperate; refusing to allow a drop of iiitoxi- 
cating liquor to pass his lips. And he had read in 
God's word, "Thou shalt not take the name of the 
Lord thy God in vain;" and a profane expression he 
was never heard to utter. Religion he revered. His 
morals were pure, and lie was uncontaminated by a 
single vice. 

Young Abraham woiked for a time as a hired laborer 
among the farmers. Then he went to Springfield, 
where he was employed in Imilding a large flat-boat. 
In this he took a herd of swine, floated them down 
the Sangamon to the Illinois, and thence by the Mis- 
sissippi to New Orleans. Whati.'Ver Abraham Lin- 
coln undertook, he performed so faithfully as to give 
great satisfaction to his employers. In this ndvc.i- 



tare liis employers were so well pleased, that upon 
iiis return tney placed a store and mill under his care. 

In 1832, at the outljreak of the Black Hawk war, he 
enlisted and was chosen captain of a company. He 
returned to Sangamon County, and although only 23 
years of age, was a candidate for the Legislature, but 
was defeated. He soon after received from Andrew 
Jackson the appointment of Postmaster of New Salem, 
His only post-office was his hat. W\ the letters he 
received he carried there ready to deliver to those 
he chanced to meet. He studied surveying, and soon 
made this his business. In 1834 he again became a 
candidate for the Legislature, and was elected Mr. 
Stuart, of Springfield, advised him to study law. He 
walked from New Salem to Springfield, borrowed of 
Mr. Stuart a load of books, carried them back and 
began his legal studies. When the Legislature as- 
sembled he trudged on foot with his pack on his back 
one hundred miles to Vandalia, then the capital. In 
1836 he was re-elected to the Legislature. Here it 
was he first met Stephen A. Douglas. In 1839 he re- 
moved to Springfield and began the practice of law. 
His success with the jury was so great that he was 
soon engaged in almost every noted case in the circuit. 

In 1854 the great discussion began between Mr. 
Lincoln and Mr, Douglas, on the slavery question. 
In tiie organization of the Republican party in Illinois, 
in 1S56, he took an active part, and at once became 
one of the leaders in that party. Mr. Lincoln's 
speeches in opposition to Senator Douglas in the con- 
test in 1 85 8 for a seat in the Senate, form a most 
notaiile part of his history. The issue was on tlie 
slavery nueition, and he took the broad ground of 
.he Declaration of Independence, that all men are 
created equal. Mr. Lincoln was defeated in this con- 
test, but won a far higher prize. 

The great Republican Convention met at Chicago 
on the i6lh of June, i860. The delegates and 
strangers who crowded the city amounted to twenty- 
five thousand. An immense building called "The 
Wigwam," was reared to accommodate the Conven- 
tion. There were eleven candidates for whom votes 
were thrown. William H. Seward, a man whose fame 
as a statesman had long filled the land, was the most 
oroniinent. It was generally supposed he would be 
the nominee. Abraham Lincoln, however, received 
the nomination on the third ballot. Little did he then 
dream of the weary years of toil and care, and the 
bloody death, to which that nomination doomed him: 
andaslittledid he dream that he was to render services 
to his country, which would fix upon him the eyes of 
the whole civilized world, and which would give him 
a place in the affections nf his countrymen, second 
tnly, if second, to that of \Vashington. 

Election day came and Mr. Lincoln received 180 
electoral votes out of 203 cast, and was, therefore, 
constitutionally elected President of the United States. 
The tirade of abuse that \"as ixjured ui>on this good 

and merciful man, especially by the slaveholders, was 
greater than upon any other man ever elected to this 
high position. In February, 1861, Mr. Lincoln started 
for Washington, stopping in all the large cities on his 
way making speeches. The whole journey was frouglu 
with much danger. Many of the Southern States had 
already seceded, and several attempts at assassination 
were afterwards brought to light. A gang in Balti- 
more had arranged, upon his arrival to" get u[) a row," 
and ill the confusion to make sure of his death with 
revolvers and hand-grenades. A detective unravelled 
the plot. A secret and special train was provided to 
take him from Harrisl'urg, through Baltimore, at an 
unexpected hour of the night. The train started at 
half-past ten ; and to prevent ai.y possible communi- 
cation on the part ot the Secessionists with their Con- 
federate gang in Baltimore, as soon as the train had 
started the telegraph-wires were cut. Mr. Lincoln 
reached Washington in salety and was inaugurated, 
although great anxiety was felt by all loyal people. 

In the selection of his cabinet Mr. Lincoln gave 
to Mr Seward the Department of State, and to other 
prominent opiionents before tiie conventiort he gave 
important [wsitions. 

During no other administration have the duties 
devolving upon the President been so manifold, and 
the res[)onsibilities so great, as those which fell to 
the lot of President Lincoln. Knowing this, and 
feeling his own weakness and inability to nieet.and in 
his own strength to cope with, the difficulties, he 
learned early to seek Divine wisdom and guidance in 
determining his plans, and Divine comfort in all his 
trial?, Ijo'h personal and national Contrary to his 
own estimate of himself, Mr. Lincoln was one of the 
most courageous of men. He went directly into the 
rebel capital just as the retreating foe was leaving, 
with no guard but a few sailors. From the time he 
had left Springfield, in 1861, however, |)lans had been 
made for his assassination, and he at last fell a victim 
to one of them. April 14, 1865, he, with Gen. Grant, 
was urgently invited to attend Fords' Theater. It 
was announced that they would l.e jiresent. Gen. 
Grant, however, left the city. President Lincoln, feel- 
ing, witli his characteristic kindliness of heart, that 
it would be a disappointment if he shouki fail them, 
very reluctantly consented to go. While listening to 
the play an actor by the name of John \ViIkes Booth 
entered tiie box where the President and family were 
seated, and fired a bullet into his brains. He died the 
next morning at seven o'clock. 

Never before, in the history of tiie world was a nation 
plunged into such deep grief by the death of its ruler. 
Strong men met in the streets and wept in speechless 
anguish. It is not too much to say that a nation was 
in tears. His was a life which will fitly become a 
model. His name as the savior of his country will 
live with that of W^ashington's, its father; hisco-.ntry- 
men being unable to decide whi< h m tl-e ureater. 





teenth President of the United 
States. The early life of 
Andrew Johnson contains but 
the record of poverty, destitu- 
tion and friendlessness. He 
was born December 29, 1808, 
in Raleigh, N. C. His parents, 
belonging to the class of tiie 
"poor whites " of the South, T.'ere 
in such circumstances, that they 
could not confer even the slight- 
est advantages of education upon 
their child. When Andrew was five 
years of age, his father accidentally 
lost his life while herorically endeavoring to save a 
friend from drowning. Until ten years of age, Andrew 
was a ragged boy about the streets, supported by the 
labor of his mother, who obtained her living with 
her own hands. 

He then, having never attended a school one day, 
ind being unable either to read or write, was ap- 
prenticed to a tailor in his native town. A gentleman 
ivas \n the habit of going to the tailor's shop occasion- 
ally, and reading to the boys at work there. He often 
read from the speeches of distinguished British states- 
men. Andrew, who was endowed with a mind of more 
than ordinary native ability, became much interested 
in these speeches ; his ambition was roused, and he 
was inspired with a strong desire to learn to read. 

He accordingly applied himself to the alphabet, and 
with the assistance of some of his fellow- workmen, 
leerned his letters. He then called upon the gentle- 
man to borrow the book of speeches. The owner.. 

pleased with his zeal, not only gave him the booic. 
but assisted him in learning to combine the letters 
into words. Under such difficulties he pressed oi. 
ward laboriously, spending usually ten or twelve hours 
at work in the shop, and then robbing himself of rest 
and recreation to devote such time a.s he could to 

He went to Tennessee m 1826, and located a' 
Greenville, where he married a young lady who pos 
sessed some education. Under her instructions he 
learned to write and cipher. He became prominent 
in the village debating society, and a favorite with 
the students of Greenville College. In 1828, he or- 
ganized a working man's party, which elected him 
alderman, and in 1830 tlected him mayor, which 
position he held three years. 

He now began to take a lively interest in political 
affairs ; identifying himself with the working-classes, 
to which he belonged. In 1835, he was elected a 
member of the House of Representatives of Tennes- 
see. He was then just twenty-seven years of age. 
He became a very active member of the legislature, 
gave his adhesion to the Democratic party, and ;r. 
1S40 "stumped the State," advocating Martin Tan 
Buren's claims to the Presidency, in opposition to thos. 
of Gen. Harrison. In this campaign he acquired mucli 
readiness as a speaker, and extended and increased 
his reputation. 

In 1841, he was elected Stale Senator; in 1843, he 
was elected a member of Congress, and by successive 
elections, held that important post for ten years. In 
1853, he was elected Governor of Tennessee, and 
was re-elected in 1855. In all these responsible jiosi- 
lions, he discharged his duties with distinguished ab-.. 



ity, and proved himself the warm friend of the work- 
ing classes. In 1857, Mr. Johnson was elected 
United .States Senator. 

Years before, in 1845, he had warmly advocated 
the annexation of Texas, stating however, as his 
reason, that he thought tliis annexation would prob- 
ably prove " to be the gateway out of which the sable 
sons of Africa are to pass from bondage to freedom, 
and become merged in a population congenial to 
themselves." In 1850, he also supported the com- 
promise measures, the two essential features of which 
were, that the white people of the Territories should 
be permitted to decide for themselves whether they 
would enslave the colored people or not, and that 
the *'ree States of the North should return to the 
3oath persons who attempted to escape from slavery. 

Mr. Johnson was neverashamedof his lowly origin: 
on the contrary, he often took pride in avowing that 
he owed his distinction to his own exertions. "Sir,'" 
said he on the floor of the Senate, " I do not forget 
that I am a mechanic ; neither do I forget that Adam 
was a tailor and sewed fig-leaves, and that our Sav- 
ior was the son of a carpenter." 

Ill the Charleston- Baltimore convention of i8uo, ne 
was the choice of the Tennessee Democrats for the 
Presidency. In 1S61, when the purpose of tlie Soutl;- 
ixw Democracy became apparent, he took a decided 
stand in favor of the Union, and held that " slavery 
must be lield subordinate to the Union at whatever 
cost." He returned to Tennessee, and jepeatedly 
imperiled his own life to protect the Unionists of 
Tennesee. Tennessee having seceded from the 
Union, President Lincoln, on March 4th, 1862, ap- 
jx)inted him Military Governor of the State, and he 
established the most stringent mllltar}' rule. His 
numerous proclamations attracted wide attention. In 

1864, he was elected A'lce-Presldent of the United 
States, and ujxjn the death of Mr. Lincoln, April 15, 

1865, became President. In a speech two days later 
he said, " The American people must be taught, if 
Zhey do not already feel, that treason is a crime and 
must be punished ; that the Government will not 
always bear with its enemies ; that it Is strong not 
only to protect, but to punish. * * The people 
must understand that it (treason) is the blackest of 
crimes, and will surely be punished." Yet his whole 
administration, the history of which is so well known, 
was in utter icwonsistencv with, and the most violent 

opiX)sition to. the principles laid down in that speech. 

In his loose policy of reconstruction and general 
amnesty, he was opposed by Congress ; and he char- 
acterized Congress as a new rebellion, and lawlessly 
defied it, in everything possible, to the utmost. In 
the beginning of 1868, on account of "high crimes 
and misdemeanors," the principal of which was the 
removal of Secretary Stanton, in violation of the Ten- 
ure of Office Act, articles of impeachment were pre- 
ferred against him, and the trial began March 23. 

It was very tedious, continuing for nearly three 
months. A test article of the impeachment was at 
length submitted to the court for its action. It was 
certain that as the court voted upon that article so 
would it vote upon all. Thirty-four voices pronounced 
the President guilty. As a two-thirds vote was neces- 
sary to his condemnation, he was pronounced ac- 
quitted, notwithstanding the great majority against 
him. The change of one vote from the not guilty 
side would have sustained the impeachment. 

The President, for the remainder of his term, was 
but little regarded. He continued, though impotent';-; 
his conflict with Congress. His own party did not 
think it expedient to renominate him for the Presi- 
dency. The Nauon rallied, with enthusiasm unpar- 
alleled since the days of Washington, around the name 
of Gen. Grant. Andrew Johnson was forgotten. 
The bullet of the assassin introduced him to the 
President's chair. Notwithstanding tliis, never was 
tliere presented to a man a better opportunity to im- 
mortalize his name, and to win the gratitude of a 
nation. He failed utterly. He retired to his home 
in Greenville, Tenn., taking no very active part in 
politics until 1875. On Jan. 26, after an e.vcitlng 
struggle, he was chosen by the Legislature of Ten- 
nessee, United States Senator in the forty-fourth Con- 
gress, and took his seat in that body, at the specla'. 
session convened by President tlrant, on the 5lh of 
March. On the 27th of July, 1875, the ex-Presldent 
made a visit to his daughter's home, near Cartel 
Station, Tenn. When he started on his journey, he was 
apparently in his usual vigorous he.ilth, but on reach- 
ing the residence of his child the following day, was 
stricken with paralysis, rendering him unconscious. 
He rallied occasionally, but finally passed away at 
2 A. M., July 31, aged sixty-seven years. His fun- 
eral was attended at Geenville, on the 3d of August, 
with every demonstration of respect. 

y- a. 





eighteenth President of the 
tr- United States, was born on 
the 29lh of April, 1822, of 
Christian parents, in a liumble 
home, at Point Pleasant, on the 
banks of the Ohio. Shortly after 
his father moved to George- 
town, Brown Co., O. In this re- 
mote frontier hamlet, Ulysses 
received a common-school edu- 
cation. At the age of seven- 
teen, in the year 1839, he entered 
the Milii'ary Academy at West 
Point. Here he was regarded as a 
3oiid, sensible young man of fair abilities, and of 
sturdy, honest character. He took respectable rank 
as a scholar. In June, 184J, he graduated, about the 
middle in his class, and was sent as lieutenant of in- 
fantry to one of the distant military posts in the Mis- 
souri Territory. Two years he past in these dreary 
solitudes, watching the vagabond and exasperating 

The war with Mexico came. Lieut. Grant was 
sent with his regiment to Corpus Christi. His first 
battle was at Palo Alto. There was no chance here 
for the exhibition of either skill or heroism, nor at 
Resacade la Palma, his second battle. At the battle 
of Monterey, his third engagement, it is said that 
he performed a signal service of daring and skillful 
horsemanship. His brigade had exhausted its am- 
munition. A messenger must be sent for more, along 
a route exposed to the bullets of the foe. Lieut. 
Grant, adopting an expedient learned of the Indians, 
grasped the mane of his horse, and hanging upon one 
side of the anipvil, ran the gauntlet in entire safety. 

From Monterey he was sent, with the fourth infantry, 
10 aid Gen. Scott, at the siege of Vera Cruz. In 
preparation for the march to the city of Mexico, he 
was appointed quartermaster of his regiment. At the 
battle of Molino del Rev, he was promoted to a 
first lieutenancy, and was brevetted captain at Cha- 

At the close of the Mexican War, Capt. Grant re- 
turned with his regiment to New York, and was again 
sent to one of the military posts on the frontier. The 
discovery of gold in California causing an immense 
tide of emigration to flow to the Pacific shores, Capt. 
Grant was sent with a battalion to Fort Dallas, in 
Oregon, for the protection of the interests of tlie im- 
migrants. Life was wearisome in those wilds. Capt. 
Grant resigned his commission and returned to the 
States; and having married, entered upon the cultiva- 
tion of a small farm near St. Louis, Mo. He had but 
little skill as a farmer. Finding his toil not re- 
munerative, he turned to mercantile life, entering into 
the leather business, with a younger brother, at (ia- 
lena. 111. This was in the year i860. As the tidings 
of the rebels firing on Fort Sumpter reached the ears 
of Capt. Grant in his counting-room, he said, — 
"Uncle Sam has educated me for the army; though 
I have served him through one war, I do not feel that 
I have yet repaid the debt. I am still ready to discharge 
my obligations. I shall fherefore buckle on my sword 
and see Uncle Sam through this war too." 

He went into the streets, raised a company of vol- 
unteers, and led them as their captain to Springfield, 
the capital of the State, where their services were 
offered to Gov. Yates. The Governor, impressed by 
the zeal and straightforward executive ability of Capt. 
Grant, gave him a desk in his office, to assist in the 
volunteer organization that was being formed in the 
Stale in behalf of the Government. On the 15th of 



June, 1861, Capt. Grant received a commission as 
Colonel of the Twenty-first Regiment of Illinois Vol- 
unteers. His merits as a West Point graduate, who 
had served for 15 years in the regular army, were such 
that he was soon inomoted to the rank of Brigadier- 
General and was jilaced in command at Cairo. The 
rebels raised their banner at Paducah, near the mouth 
of the Tennessee River. Scarcely had its folds ap- 
peared in the breeze ere Gen. Grant was there. The 
rebels fled. Their banner fell, and the star and 
stripes were unfurled in its stead. 

He entered tlie service witli great determination 
and immediately began active duty. This was the be- 
ginning, and until the surrenderor Lee at Richmond 
lie was ever pushing the enemy with great vigor and 
effectiveness. At Belmont, a few days later, he sur- 
prised and routed the rebels, then at Fort Henrj- 
won another victory. Then came the brilliant fight 
at Fort Donelson. The nation was electrified by the 
victory, and the brave leader of the boys in blue was 
immediately made a M.njor-General, and the military 
iistrict of Tennessee was assigned to him. 

Like all great captains. Gen. Grant knew well how 
to secure the results of victory. He immediately 
pushed on to the enemies' lines. Then came the 
terrible battles of Pittsburg Landing, Corinth, and the 
siege of Vicksburg, where Gen. Pemberton made an 
unconditional surrender of the city with over thirty 
thousand men and one-hundred and seventy-two can- 
non. The fall of Vicksburg was by far the most 
severe blow which the rebels had thus far encountered, 
and opened up the .Mississippi from Cairo to the Gulf. 

Gen. Grant was next ordered to co-operate with 
Gen. lianks in a movement upon Texas, and pro- 
ceeded to New Orleans, where he was thrown from 
his horse, and received severe injuries, from which he 
was laid up for months. He then rushed to the aid 
of Gens. Rosecrans and Thomas at Chattanooga, and 
by a wonderful series of strategic and technical meas- 
ures put the Union Army in fighting condition. Then 
followed the bloody battles at Chattanooga, Lookout 
Mountain and Missionary Ridge, in which the rebels 
were routed with great loss. This won for him un- 
bounded praise in the North. On the 4th of Febru- 
ary, 1864, Congress revived the grade of lieutenant- 
general, and the rank was conferred on Gen. Grant. 
He repaired to Washington to receive his credentials 
■md enter upon t'"' duties of his new office. 

Gen. Grant decided as soon as he took charge of 
the army to concentrate the widely-dispersed National 
troops for an attack ujKJii Richmond, the nominal 
capital of the Rebellion, and endeavor there to de- 
stroy the rebel armies which would be promptly as- 
sembled from all quarters for its defence. The whole 
continent seemed to tremble under the tramp of these 
majestic armies, rushing to the decisive battle field. 
Steamers were crowded with troops. Railway trains 
were burdened with closely packed thousands. His 
plans were comprehensive and involved a series of 
campaigns, which were executed with remarkable en- 
ergy and ability, and were consummated at the sur- 
render of Lee, April 9, 1865. 

The war was ended. The Union was saved. The 
almost unanimous voice of the Nation declared Gen. 
Grant to be the most prominent instrument in its sal- 
vation. The eminent services he had thus rendered 
the (ountry brought him conspicuously forward as the 
Republican candidate for the Presidential chair. 

.\l the Republican Convention held at Chicago. 
May 21, 1868, he was unanimously nominated for tiie 
Presidency, and at the autumn election received a 
majority of the popular vote, and 214 out of 294 
electoral votes. 

The National Convention of the Republican party 
which met at Philadelphia on the 5th of June, 1872, 
placed Gen. Grant in nomination for a second term 
by a unanimous vote. The selection was emphati- 
cally indorsed by the people five months later, 292 
electoral votes being cast for him. 

Soon after the close of his second term, Gen. Grant 
started upon his famous trip around the world. He 
visited almost every country of the civilized world, 
and was everywhere received with such ovations 
and demonstrations of respect and honor, private 
as well as public and official, as were never before 
bestowed upon any citizen of the United States. 

He was the most prominent candidate before the 
Reijublican National Convention in 1880 for a re- 
nomination for President. He went to New York and 
embarked in the brokerage business under the firm 
nameof Grant &: Ward. The latter proved a villain, 
wrecked Grant's fortune, and for larceny was sent to 
the penitentiary. The General was attacked with 
cancer in the throat, but suffered in his stoic-like 
manner, never complaining. He was re-instated as 
General of the Army and retired by Congress. The 
cancer soon finished its deadly work, and July 23, 
1885, the nation wenf in mourning over the death of 
the illustrious General. 










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AA the nineteentli President of 
. gfj'lhe United States, was born m 
Delaware, O., Oct. 4, 1822, al- 
most three months after the 
death of his father, Rutherford 
Hayes. His ancestry on hoth 
the paternal and maternal sides, 
was of the most honorable char- 
acter. It can be traced, it is said, 
as farbackas 12S0, when Hayes and 
Rutherford were two Scottish chief- 
tains, fighting side by side with 
Baliol, William Wallace and Robert 
Bruce. Both families belonged to the 
nobility, owned extensive estates, 
and had a large following. Misfor- 
tune ovi:f<aking the family, George Hayes left Scot- 
land in i68o, and settled in Windsor, Conn. His son 
George wai born in Windsor, and remained there 
during his liJe. Daniel Hayes, son of the latter, mar- 
ried Sarah L;e, and lived from the time of his mar- 
riage until h!s death in Sinisbury, Conn. Ezekiel, 
son of Daniel, was born in 1724, and was a manufac- 
turerof scythe^at Bradford, Conn. Rutherford Hayes, 
son of Ezekiel aud grandfather of President Hayes, was 
born in New Haven, in August, 1756. He was a farmer, 
blacksmith and tavern-keeper. He emigrated to 
Vermont at an uiiknown date, settling in Brattleboro, 
where he established a hotel. Here his son Ruth- 
erford Hayes the father of President Hayes, was 

born. He was married, in September, 1813, to Sopiiia 
Birchard, of Wilmington, Vt., whose ancestors emi- 
grated thither from Connecticut, they having been 
among the wealthiest and best famlies of Norwich. 
Her ancestry on the male side are traced back tc 
1635, to John Birchard, one of the principal founders 
of Norwich. Both of her grandfathers were soldiers 
in the Revolutionary War. 

The father of President Hayes was an industrious 
frugal and opened-hearted man. He was of a me 
chanical turn, and could mend a plow, knit a stock- 
ing, or do almost anything else that he choose to 
undertake. He was a member of the Church, active 
in all the benevolent enterprises of the town, and con- 
ducted his business on Christian principles. After 
the close of the war of 181 2, for reasons inexplicable 
to his neighbors, he resolved to emigrate to Ohio. 

The journey from Vermont to Ohio in that day 
when there were no canals, steamers, nor railways 
was a very serious affair. A tour of inspection was 
first made, occupying four months. Mr. Hayes deter 
mined to move to Delaware, where the family arrived 
in 1817. He died July 22, 1822, a victim of malaii,,i 
fever, less than three months before the birth of ih; 
son, of whom we now write. Mrs. Hayes, in her sore be- 
reavement, found the support she so much needed in 
her brother Sardis, who had been a member of the 
household from the day of its departure from Ver- 
mont, and in an orphan girl whom she had adopted 
some time before as an act of charity. 

Mrs. Hayes at this period was very weak, and the 




subject of this sketch was so feeble at birth that he 
was not expected to hve beyond a month or two at 
most. As the months went by he grow weaker and 
weaker, so that the neighbors were in the habit of in- 
iiuiringfrom time to time " if Mrs. Hayes' baby died 
iast night." On one occasion a neiglibor, who was on 
fimihar terms with the family, after alluding to the 
boy's big head, and the mother's assiduous care of 
lim, said in a bantering way, " That's right! Stick to 
liim. You have got him along so far, and I shouldn't 
wonder if he would really come to something yet." 

" Vou reed not laugh," said Mrs. Hayes. " You 
vait and see. You can't tell but I shall make him 
President of the United States yet." The boy lived, 
in spite of the universal predictions of his speedy 
death; and when, in 1825, his older brother was 
drowned, he became, if possible, still dearer to his 

The boy was seven yeais old before he wjnt to 
scliool. His education, however, was not neglected. 
He probably learned as much from his mother and 
s ister as he would liave done at school. His sports 
were almost wholly within doors, his playmates being 
his sister and her associates. These circumstances 
tended, no doubt, to foster that gentleness of dispo- 
sition, and that delicate consideration for the feelings 
of others, which are marked traits of his character. 

His uncle Sardis Birchard took the deepest interest 
in his education ; and as the boy's health had im- 
proved, and he was making good progress in his 
studies, he proposed to send liim to college. His pre- 
paration commenced with a tutor at home; bit he 
was afterwards sent for one year to a professor in the 
Wesleyan University, in Middletown, Conn. He en- 
tered Kenyon College in 1838, at the age of sixteen, 
and was graduated at the head of his class in 1842. 

Immediately after his graduation lie began the 
study of law in the office of Thomas Sparrow, Esq., 
in Columbus. Finding his opportunities for study in 
Columbus somewhat limited, he determined to enter 
the School at Cambridge, Mass., where he re- 
mained two years. 

In 1845, after graduatmg at the Law School, he was 
admitted to the bar at Marietta, Ohio, and shortly 
afterward went into practice as an attorney-at-law 
with Ralph P. Buckland, of Fremont. Here he re- 
mained three years, ac(iuiring but a limited practice, 
and apparently unambitious of distinctit)n in his pro- 

In 1849 he moved to Cinrmnati, wliere his ambi- 
tion found a new stimulus. For several years, how- 
ever, his progress was slow. Two events, occurring at 
this period, had a jiowerful influence upon his subse- 
r_uent life. One of tliese was his marrage with Miss 
Lucy Ware Webb, daughter of Dr. James Webb, of 
Chilicothe; the othei was his introduction to the Cin- 
cinnati Literary Club, a body embracing among its 
niembers such men as '"hief Justice Salmon P.Clmse, 

Gen. John Pope, Gov. Edward F. Noyes, and many 
others hardly less distinguished in after life. The 
marriage was a fortunate one in every respect, as 
ever) body knows. Not one of all the wives of our 
Presidents was more universally admired, reverenced 
and beloved than was Mis. Hayes, and no one did 
more than she to reflect honor upon American woman 
hood. The Liteiary Cluu brought Mr. Haye^ ;ntc' 
constant association with young men of high char- 
acter and noijlc aims, and lured him to display t'.ie 
([Ualities so long hidden by his bashfulncs ant? 

In 1856 he was nominated to the office of Judg; o" 
the Court of Common Pleas; but he declined to ac- 
cept the nomination. Two years later, the office o' 
city solicitor becoming vacant, the City Co"nci. 
elected him for the une.xpired term. 

In 1861, when the Rebellion broke out, he \va? a: 
the zenith of his professional life. His rank at the 
bar was among the the first. But tlie news of thfi 
attack on F'ort Sum pter found him eager to take 'Ui 
arms for the defense of his country. 

His military record was bright ard illustrious. In 
October, 186 1, he was made Lieutenant-Colonel, and 
in August, 1862, promoted Colonel of the 79th Ohio 
regiment, but he refused to leave his old comrades 
and go among strangers. Subsequently, however, he 
was made Colonel of his old regiment. At the battle 
of South Mountain he received a wound, and while 
faint and bleeding disjilayed courage and fortitude 
that won admiration from all. 

Col. Hayes was detached from his regiment, after 
his recovery, to act as Brigadier-General, and jilaced 
in command of the celebrated Kanawha division, 
and for gallant and meritorious services in the battles 
of Winchester, Fisher's Hill and Cedar Creek, he wai 
promoted Brigadier-General. He was also brevetted 
Major-General, "forgallant and distirguished services 
during the campaigns of 1864, in \Vest Virginia." In 
tlie course of his arduous services, four horses were 
shot from under him, and he was wounded four times 

In 1864, Gen. Haves was elected to Congress, frcni 
the Second Oliio District, wliicli had long been Dem- 
ocratic. He was not jireserit during the campaign, 
and after his election was importuned to resign his 
commission in the army ; but lie finally declared, " I 
shall never come to Washington until I can come liy 
the way of Richmond." He was re-elected in 1866. 

I;-. 1867, Gen Hayes was elected Governor of Ohio, 
over Hon. .Mien G. Thurman, a -populai Democrat. 
In I R69 was re-elected over George H. Pendleton. 
He was elected Governor for tlie tliird term in 1875. 

(n 1876 he was the standard bearer of the Repub- 
lii;an Party in the Presidential contest, and after a 
hard long contest was chosen President; and was ir. 
augurated Monday, March 5, 1875. He served his 
full term, not, however, with satisfaction to h'.s party, 
but his administration was an average ov- 



A^IES A. GARi'IELD, iwcn- 
tieth President of the United 
States, was born Nov. ig, 
1S31, '\.\ the woods of Orange, 
Cuyahoga Co., O His par- 
ents were Abram and Eliza 
(Ballou) Garfield, both of New 
England ancestry and from fami- 
lies well known in the early his- 
=''^ tory of that section of our coun- 
try, but had moved to the Western 
Reserve, in Ohio, early in its settle- 

The house in which James A. was 
born was not unlike the houses of 
poor Ohio farmers of that day. It 
. rfs about 20 X 30 feet, built of logs, with the spaces be- 
.ween the logs filled with clay. His father was a 
iard working farmer, and he soon had his fields 
cleared, an orchard planted, and a log barn built, 
/he household comprised the father and mother and 
heir four children — Mehetabel, 'I'homas, Mary and 
ames. In May, 1823, the father, from a cold con- 
. /acted in helping to put out a forest fire, died. At 
diis time James was about eighteen months old, and 
Thomas about ten years old. No one, perhaps, can 
.ell how much James was indebted to his biother's 
(cil and self-sacrifice during the twenty years suc- 
ceeding his father's death, but undoubtedly very 
much. He now lives in Michigan, and the two sis- 
itrs live in Solon, O., near their birthplace. 

The early educational advantages young Garfield 
enjoyed were very limited, yet he made the iiiost of 
ihem. He labored at farm work for others, did car- 
penter work, chopped wood, or did anything that 
would bring in a few dollars to aid his widowed 
mother in he- -struggles to keep the little family to- 

gether. Nor was Gen. (rarfield ever ashamed of his 
origin, and he never forgot the friends of his strug- 
gling childhood, youth and manhood, neither did they 
ever forget him. When in the highest seats of honor 
the humblest fiiend of his boyhood was as kindly 
greeted as ever. The poorest laborer was sure of the 
sympathy of one who had known all the bitterness 
of want and the sweetness of bread earned by the 
sweat of the brow. He was ever the simple, plain, 
modest gentleman. 

The highest ambition of young tnirfield until hi 
was about si.xteen years old was to be a captain of 
a vessel on Lake Eiie. He was anxious to go aboard 
a vessel, which his mother strongly opposed. She 
finally consented to his going to Cleveland, with th- 
understanding, however, that he should try to obtair 
some other kind of employment. He walked all the 
way to Cleveland. This was his first visit to the city 
After making many applications for work, and trying 
to get aboard a lake vessel, and not meeting with 
success, he engaged as a driver for his cousin, Amos 
Letcher, on the Ohio & Tennsylvania Canal. He re- 
mained at this work but a short time when he wen': 
home, and attended the seminary at Chester for 
about three years, when he entered Hiram and the 
Eclectic Institute, teaching a few terms of school in 
the meantime, and doing other work. This school 
was started by the Disciples of Christ in 1850, of 
which church he was then a member. He became 
janitor and bell-ringer in order to help pay his way. 
He then became bt)th teacher and pupil. He soon 
" exhausted Hiram " and needed more ; hence, in the 
fall of 1854, he entered Williams College, from which 
he graduated in 18^6, taking one of the highest hon- 
ors of his class. He afterwards returned to Hiram 
College as its President. As above stated, he early 
united with the Christian or Diciples Church at 
Hiram, and was ever after a devoted, zealous mem- 
ber, often preaching in its pulpit and places where 
he happened to be." Dr. Noah Porter, President of 
Yale College, savs of him in reference to liis religion: 



" President Garfield was more than a man of 
strong moral and religious convictions. His whole 
history, from boyhood to the last, sliows that duty to 
man and lo God, and devotion to Christ and life and 
faith and spiritual commisBion were controlling springs 
of his being, and to a more than usual degree. In 
-iiy judgment there is no more interesting feature of 
nis character than his loyal allegiance to the body of 
Christians in which he was trained, and the fervent 
sympathy which he ever showed in their Christian 
communion. Not many of the few 'wise and mighty 
and noble who are called' show a similar loyalty to 
the less stately and cultured Christian communions 
in which they have been reared. Too often it is true 
that as they step upward in social and political sig- 
nificance they step upward from one degree to 
anotlier in some of the many types of fashionable 
Christianity. President Garfield adhered to the 
church of his mother, the church in which he was 
trained, and in which he served as a pillar and an 
evangelist, and yet with the largest and most unsec- 
larian cliarity for all 'who love our Lord in sincerity.'" 

Mr. Garfield was united in marriage with Miss 
Lucretia Rudolph, Nov. ii, 1858, who proved herself 
Worthy as the wife of one whom all the world loved and 
mourned. To them were born seven children, five of 
v'liom are still living, four boys and one girl. 

Mr. Garfield made his first political speeches in 1856, 
in Hiram and the neighboring villages, and three 
/ears later he began to speak at county mass-meet- 
•iigs, and became the favorite speaker wherever he 
WIS. During this year he was elected to the Ohio 
Senate. He also began to study law at Cleveland, 
and in i86i was admitted to the bar. The great 
Rebellion broke out in the early part of this year, 
and Mr. Garfield at once resolved to fight as he had 
talked, and enlisted to defend the old flag. He re- 
ceived his commission as Lieut.-Colonel of the Forty- 
second Regiment of Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Aug. 
14,1861. He was immediately put into active ser- 
vice, and before he had ever seen a gun fired in acfion, 
was placed in command of four regiments of infantry 
and eight companies of cavalry, charged with the 
work of driving out of his nadve State the officer 
'Humphrey M-'.rsl-all) reputed to be the ablest of 
those, not educated to war whom Kentucky had given 
to the Rebellion. This work was bravely and speed- 
ily accomplished, although against great odds. Pres- 
ident Lincoln, on his success commissioned him 
Brigadier-General, Jan. 10, 1862; and as "he had 
been the youngest man in the Ohio Senate two years 
liefore, so now he was the youngest General in the 
army." He was with Gen. Buell's army at Shiloh, 
in it.' operations around Corinth and its march throu"li 
Alabama. He was then detailed as a memberof the 
General Court-Martial for the trial of Gen. Fitz-John 
Porter. He was then ordered to report to Gen. Rose- 
crans, and was assigned to the " Chief of Staff." 
The military l^'story of Gen. Garfield closed with 

his brilliant services at Chickamauga, where he woi: 
the stars ot the Major-General. 

Without an effort on his part Gev Garfield wav 
elected to Congress in the fall of 1S62 from tiie 
Nineteenth District of Ohio. This section of Ohio 
had been represented in Congress for sixty years 
mainly by two men — Elisha Whittlesey and Joshuji 
R. Giddiiigs. It was not without a struggle that he 
resigned his place in the army. At the time heen- 
tered Congress he was the youngest member in thai 
body. There; he remained by successive re- 
elections until he was elected President in 1880. 
Of iiis labors in Congress Senator Hoar says : " Since 
the year 1864 you cannot think of a question which 
has been debated in Congress, or discussed before a 
tribunel of the American people, in regard to which 
you will not find, if you wish instruction, the argu- 
ment on one side stated, in almost every instance 
better than by anybody else, in some speech made in 
the House of Representatives or on the hustings by 
Mr. Garfield." 

Uixjn Jan. 14, 1880, Gen. Garfield was elected to 
the U. S. Senate, and on the eighth of June, of the 
same year, was nominated as the candidate of his 
party for President at the great Chicago Convention. 
He was elected in the following November, and on 
March 4, 1881, was inaugurated. Probably no ad- 
ministration ever opened its existence under brighter 
auspices than that of President Garfield, and every 
day it grew in favo." with the people, and by the first 
of July he had completed all the initiatory and pre- 
liminary work of his administration and was prepar- 
ing to leave the ciiy to meet his friends at Williams 
College. While on his way and at the depot, in com- 
jjany with Secretary lilaine, a man stejjped behind 
him, drew a revolver, and fired directly at his back. 
The President tottered and fell, and as he did so the 
assassin fired a second shot, the bullet cutting the 
left coat sleeve of his victim, but inflicting nofurlhei 
injury. It has been very truthfully said that this was 
" the shot that was heard round the world " Never 
before in the history of the Nation had anything oc- 
curred which so nearly froze the blood of the peop"^ 
for the moment, as this awful deed. He was smit 
ten on the brightest, gladdest day of all his life, and 
was at the summit of his ixDwer and hope. Foreighty 
days, all during the hot months of July and August, 
he lingered and suffered. He, however, remained 
master of himself till the last, and by his magnificent 
bearing was teaching the country and the world the 
noblest of human lessons — how to live grandly in the 
very clutch of death. Great in life, he was surpass- 
ingly great in death. He passed serenely away Sept. 
19, 1883, at Elberon, N. J , on the very bank of the 
ocean, where he had been taken shortly |)revious. The 
world wept at his death, as it never had done on the 
death of any other man who had ever lived upon it. 
The murderer was duly tried, found guilty and exe- 
cuted, in one year after he committed the fou; deed. 




?^>e;'^| HESTER A. ARTHUR, 

V' ji^'ti> 

fJ twenty-first Presir^ut Oi the 

f,j" United States was born in 

^ Franklin Coin ty, Vermont, on 

« thefiftliof Oc'ober, 1830, andis 

the oldest of a family of two 

sons and five daughters. His 

father was ths Rev. Dr. William 

j Arthur, aBaptistd .rgynian, who 

emigrated to th.s country fro-n 

^ the county Antrim, Ireland, in 

his iSth year, and died in 1875, in 

Newtonville, neai Albany, after a 

long and successful ministry 

Young Arthur was educated at 
g [/ Union College, S( henectady, where 
he excelled in all his studies, .^f- 

ter his graduation he taught school 
in Vermont for two years, and at 
the expiration cf that time came to 
New York, with $500 in his pocket, 
and eiitered the office of ex-Judge 
E. D. Culver as student. .After 
1 being admitted to the bar he formed 
a partnership with his intimate friend and room-mate, 
Henry 1). Gardiner, with the intention of practicing 
in the West, and for three months they roamed about 
In the Western States in search of an eligible site, 
i)ut in the end returned to New York, where they 
hung out their shingle, and entered upon a success- 
ful career almost from the start. General Arthur 

soon afterward iiv-ypfd the daughter of Lieutenant 

Herndon, of the United States Navy, who was lost at 
sea. Congress voted a gold medal to his widow in 
recognition of the bravery he displayed on that occa- 
sion. Mrs. Arthur died shortly before Mr. Arthur's 
nomination to the Vice Presidency, leaving two 

Gen. Arthur obtained considerable legal celebrity 
in his first great case, the famous Lemmon suit," 
brought to recover possession of eight slaves who had 
been declared free by Judge Paine, of the Su[)erior 
Court of New York City. It was in 1852 that Jon. 
athan Lemmon, of Virginia, went to New York with 
his slaves, intending to ship them to Texas, when 
they were discovered and freed. The Judge decided 
that they could not be held by the owner under the 
Fugitive Slave Law. A howl of rage went up from 
the South, and the Virginia Legislature authorized tht 
Attorney General of that State to assist in an ajipeal. 
Wm. M. Evarts and Chester A. Arthur were employed 
to represent the People, and they won their case, 
which th.e)i went to the Supreme Court of the United 
States, ("liailes O'Conor here espoused the cause 
of tlie slave-holders, but I'.e too was beaten by Messrs 
Evarts and Arthur, and a long step was taken toward 
the emancipation of the black race. 

Another great service was rendered by General 
Arthur in the same cause in 1856. Lizzie Jennings, 
a respectable colored woman, Avas put off a Fourth 
Avenue car with violence after she had paid her fare. 
General Arthur sued on her behalf, and secured a 
verdict of $500 damages. The next day the compa- 
ny issued an order to admit colored persons to ride 
on their cars, and the other car companies iiuickly 


followed their example. Before that the Sixth Ave- 
nue Company ran a few special cars for colored per- 
sons and the other lines refused to let tjieni ride at all. 

General Arthur was a delegate to the Convention 
at Saratoga that founded the Republican party. 
Previous to the war he was Judge- Advocate of the 
Second Brigade of the State of New York, and Gov- 
ernor Morgan, of that State, appointed him Engineer- 
in-Chief of his staff. In 1861, he was made Inspec- 
tor General, and soon afterward became Quartermas- 
ter-General. In each of these offices he rendered 
great service to the Government during the war. At 
the end of Governor Morgan's term he resumed the 
practice of the law, forming a partnership with Mr. 
Ransom, and then Mr. Plieljis, the District Attorney 
of New Yoik, was added to the firm. The legal prac- 
tice of this well-known firm was very large and lucra- 
tive, each of the gentlemen composing it were able 
lawyers, and possessed a splendid local reputation, if 
not indeed one of national extent. 

He always took a leading part in State and city 
politics. He was appointed Collector of the Port of 
New York by President Grant, Nov. 21 1872, to suc- 
ceed Thomas Muri)hy, and held the office until July, 
?o, 1878, when he was succeeded by Collector Merritt. 

Mr. Arthi'.r was nominated on the Presidential 
ticket, witji Gen. James A. (iarfield, at the famous 
National Republican Convention held at Chicago in 
June, 1S80. This was perhaps the greatest political 
convention that ever assembled on tlie continent. It 
was composed of the 'sading politicians of the Re- 
publican party, all able men, and each stood firm and 
fought vigorously and with signal tenacity for their 
respective candidates that were before the conven- 
tion for the nomination. Finally Gen. Garfield re- 
ceived the nomination for President and Gen. Arthur 
for Vice-President. The campaign which followed 
was one of the most animated known in the history of 
our country. Gen. Hancock, the standard-bearer of 
the Democratic party, was a popular man, and his 
jjarty made a valiant fight for his election. 

Finally the election came and the country's choice 
.vas Cxarfield and Arthur. They were inaugurated 
iVlarch 4, 1881, as President and Vice-President. 
A few months only had passed ere the newly chosen 
President was the victim of the assassin's bullet. Then 
came terrible weeks of suffering, — -thost moments of 
an,xious suspense, when the hearts of all civilized na- 

tions were throbbing in unison, longing for the re- 
covery of the noble, the good President. The remark- 
able patience that he manifested during those hours 
and weeks, and even months, of the most terrible suf- 
fering man has often been called upon to endure, was 
seemingly more than human. It was certainly (iod- 
like. During all this period of deepest anxiety Mr. 
Arthur's every move was watched, and be it said to his 
credit that his every action displayed only an earnest 
desire that the suffering Garfield might recover, to 
serve the remainder of the term he had so auspi- 
ciously begun. Not a selfish feeling was manifested 
in deed or look of this man, even though the most 
honored position in the world was at any moment 
likely lo fall to him. 

At last God in his mercy relieved President Gar- 
field from further suffering, and the world, as never 
before in its history over the death of any other 
man, wept at his bier. Then it became the duty of 
the Vice President to ;.ssume the responsibilities ■ of 
the high office, and he took the oath in New York. 
Sept. 20, 1 88 1. The position was an embarrassing 
one to him, made doubly so from the facts that all 
eyes were on him, anxious to know what he would do, 
what policy he would pursue, and who he would se- 
lect as advisers. The duties of the office had been 
greatly neglected during the President's long illness, 
and many important measures were to be immediately 
decided by him; and still farther to embarrass him he 
did not fail to realize under what circumstances he 
became President, and knew the feelings of many on 
this point. Under these trying circumstances President 
Arthur took the reins of the Government in his own 
hands ; and, as embarrassing as were the condition of 
affairs, he happily surprised tiie nation, acting so 
wisely that but few criticised his administration. 
He served the nation well and faithfully, until the 
close of his administration, March 4, 1885., and was 
a popular candidate before his party for a second 
term. His name was ably presented before the con- 
vention at Chicago, and was received with great 
favor, and doubtless but for the personal popularity 
of one of the opposing candidates, he would have 
been selected as the standard-bearer of his party 
for another campaign. He retired to private life car- 
rying with him the best wishes of the American peo- 
ple, whom he had served in a manner satisfactory 
to then and with credit i'" liinTself 





'^'^Viv^ '^'£;l*c'S' ^,ivVdP ^At^ *^ -^°<^ W'^J^ V"^°«<"*ff >/!tC^^T«^'9* <.;<^ 'ff "^.iCy ^;iC**'^;-t* V oI-=T V ^yVi^. V -'-Jv-* T 



OCX? . 


LAND, the twenty- second Pres- 
ident of the United States, was 
born in 1837, in the obscure 
town of Caldwell, Essex Co., 
N. J., and in a little two-and-a- 
half-story white house which is still 
standing, characteristically to mark 
the humble birth-place of one of 
America's great men in striking con- 
trast with the Old World, where all 
men high in office must be high in 
origin and born in the cradle of 
wealth. When the subject of this 
sketch was three years of age, his 
father, who was a Presbyterian min- 
ister, with a large family and a small salary, moved, 
by way of the Hudson River and Erie Canal, to 
Fayetteville, in search of an increased income and a 
larger field of work. Fayetteville was then the most 
straggling of country villages, about five miles from 
Pompey Hill, where Governor Seymour was born. 

At the last mentioned place young Grover com- 
menced going to school in the " good, old-fashioned 
way," and presumably distinguished himself after the 
manner of all village boys, in doing tlie things he 
ought not to do. Such is the distinguishing trait of 
all geniuses and independent thinkers. When he 
arrived at the age of 14 years, he had outgrown the 
capacity of the village school and expressed a most 

emphatic desire to be sent to an academy. To this 
his father decidedly objected. Academies in those 
days cost money; besides, his father wanted him to 
become self-supporting by the quickest possible 
means, and this at that time in Fayetteville seemed 
to be a position in a country store, where his father 
and the large family on his hands had considerable 
inflaeacc. Grover was to be paid $50 for his services 
t'le first year, and if he proved trustworthy he was to 
receive $100 the second year. Here the lad com- 
menced his career as salesman, and in two years he 
h rd earned so good a reputation for trustworthiness 
that his employers desired to retain him for an iPi. 
definite length of time. Otherwise he did not ex- 
hi'uit as yet any particular "flashes of genius" or 
eccentricities of talent. He was simply a good boy. 
But instead of remaining with this firm in Fayette- 
ville, he went with the family in their removal to 
Clinton, where he had an opportunity of attending a 
high school. Here he industriously pursued his 
studies until the family removed with him to a point 
0:1 Black River known as the " Holland Patent," a 
village of 500 or 600 people, 15 miles north of Utica, 
M. Y. At this place liis father died, after preaching 
but three Sundays. This event broke up the family, 
and Grover set out for New York City to accept, at a 
small salary, the position of " under-teacher " in an 
asylum for the blind. He taught faithfully for two 
years, and although he obtained a good reputation in 
this capacity, he concluded that teaching was not his 



calling for life, and, reversing the traditional order, 
he left the city to seek his fortune, instead of going 
to a city. He first thought of Cleveland, Ohio, as 
there was some charm in that name for him; but 
before proceeding to that place he went to Buffalo to 
jsk the advice of liis uncle, Lewis F. Allan, a noted 
stock-breeder of that place. The Litter did not 
rpeak enthusiastically. '' What is it you want to do, 
my boy?" he asked. "Well, sit, I want to study 
'aw," was the reply. "Good gracious!" remarked 
he old gentleman ; " do you, indeed ? What ever put 
that into your head? How much money have you 
got?" ■■Well, sir, to tell the truth, I haven't got 

After a long consultation, his uncle offered him a 
place temporarily as assistant herd-keeper, at $50 a 
year, wiiile iic could " look around." One day soon 
afterward he boldly walked into the office of Rogers, 
Bowen & Rogers, of Buffalo, and told Ihem what he 
wanted. A numlier of young men were already en- 
gaged in the office, but Grover's persistency won, and 
ne was finally permitted to come as rn office boy and 
have the use of the law library, for the nominal sum 
of $3 or $4 a week. Out of this he had to pay for 
his board and washing. The walk to and from his 
uncle's was a long and rugged one; and, although 
the first winter was a memorably severe one, his 
shoes were out of repair and his overcoat — he had — yet he was nevertheless prompt and regular. 
On the first day of his service here, his senior em- 
ployer threw down a copy of Blackstone before him 
with a bang that made the dust fly, saying "That's 
where they all begin." A titter ran around the little 
circle of cleiks and students, as they thought that 
was enough to scare young Grover out of his plans ; 
ijut in due time he mastered that cumbersome volume. 
Then, as ever afterward, however, Mr. Cleveland 
exhibited a talent for cxecutiveness rather than for 
chasing principles through all their metaphysical 
iiossibilities. " Let us quit talking and go and do 
't,"was practically his motto. 

The first public office to which Mr. Cleveland was 
elected was that of Sheriff of Erie Co., N. Y., in 
which Buffalo is situated; and in such capacity it fell 
to his duty to inflict capital punishment upon two 
criminals. In 1881 he was elected Mayor of the 
City of Buffalo, 01 tlie Democratic ticket, with es- 
pecial reference to the bringing about certain p;fpr5Ps 

in the administration of the municipal affairs of that 
city. In this office, as well as that of Sheriff, his 
performance of duty has generally been considered 
fair, with possibly a few exceptions which were fer- 
reted out and magnified during the last Presidential 
campaign. As a specimen of his plain language in 
a veto message, we quote from one vetoing an iniqui- 
tous street-cleaning contract: "Tliis is a time foi 
plain speech, and my objection to your action siiall 
be plainly stated. I regard it as the culmination of 
a mos bare-faced, impudent and shameless scheme 
to betray the interests of the peopl'. and to worsi 
than squander the people's money." The New York 
Su?i afterward very highly commended Mr. Cleve- 
land's administration as Mayor of Buffalo, and there- 
upon recommended him for Governor of the Empire 
State. To the latter office he was elected i;i 18S2, 
and his administration of the affairs of State was 
generally satisfactory. The mistakes he inade, if 
any, were made very public throughout the nation 
after he was nominated for President of the United 
States. For this high office he was nominated July 
II, 1884, by the National Democratic Convention at 
Chicago, when other competitors were Thomas F. 
Bayard, Roswell P. Flower, Thomas A. Hendricks, 
Benjamin F. Butler, Allen G. Thurman, etc.; and he 
was elected by the peoiile, by a majority of about a 
thousand, over the brilliant and long-tried Repub- 
lican statesman, James G. Blaine. President Cleve- 
land resigned his office as Governoi of New York in 
January, 1885, in order to prepare for his duties as 
the Chief E.xecutive of the United States, in which 
capacity his term commenced at noon on the 4th of 
March, 18S5. For his Cabinet officers he selected 
the following gentlemen: For Secretary of State, 
Thomas F. Bayard, of Delaware ; Secretary of the 
Treasury, Daniel Manning, of New York ; Secretary 
of War, William C. Endicott, of Massachusetts ; 
Secretary of the Navy, William C. Wiiitney, of New 
York; Secretary of the Interior, L. Q. C. Lamar, of 
Mississippi; Postmaster-General, William F. Vilas, 
of Wisconsin ; .Attorney-General, A. H. Garland, of 

The silver question precipitated a controverr.y be- 
tween those who were in favor of the continuance of 
silver coinage and those who were opposed, Mr. 
Cleveland answering for the lattsr, even before his 





■A ■<S-> 




twenty-third President, is 
the descendant of one of the 
historical families of this 
country. The head of the 
family was a Jlajor General 
Harrison, one of Oliver 
Cromwell's trusted follow- 
ers and fighters. In the zenith of Crom- 
woll's power it became the duty of this 
Harrison to particii)ate in the trial of 
Charles I, and afterward to sign the 
death warrant of the king. He subse- 
quently paid for this with his life, being 
hung Oct. 13, 1600. His descendants 
came to America, and the next of the 
family that appears in history is Benja- 
r.:in 'Tarrison, of Virginia, great-grand- 
father of the subject of this sketch, and 
after whom he was named. Benjamin Harrison 
was a member of the Continental Congress during 
the years i774-5-G,and was one of the original 
signers of the Dechaation of Independence. He 
was three times elected Governor of Virginia. 
Geu William Iliniy Harrison, the son of the 

distinguished patriot of the Revolution, after a suc- 
cessful career as n soldier during the War of 1812, 
and with -a clean record as Governor of the North- 
western Territoiy, was elected President of the 
United States in 1840. His career was cut short 
by death within one month after Iiis incuguration. 
President Harrison was born at North Bond, 
Hamilton Co., Ohio, Aug. SO, 1833? His life up to 
the time of his graduation by the Miami University 
at Oxford, Ohio, was the uneventful one of a coun- 
try lad of a family of small means. His father was 
able to give him a good education, and nothing- 
more. He became engaged while at college to ths 
daughter of Dr. Scott, Principal of a female schoo 
at Oxford. After graduating he determined to en^ 
tcv upon the study of the law. He went to Cin 
cinnati and then read law for two years. At tht 
cxi)iration of that time young Harrison receivtAl tb . 
only inheritance of his life; his aunt dying left liin 
a lot valued at 1800. He regarded this legacy as t 
fortune, and decided to get married at once, ♦aks 
tills money and go to some Eastern town an '. >e- 
gin the practice of law. He sold his lot, and with 
the money in his pocket, he started out witii his 
young wife to fight fc>r a place "'n tlic world. I'e 


iiElN.JAMlN ilAkKiSON, 

deciiled to go to Indianapolis, which was even at 
that time a town of promise. He met witii slight 
encouragement at first, uialving scarcely anj'thing 
tlie first 3-ear. He worked diligently, applying him- 
self closely to his calling, built up an extensive 
practice and took a leading raniv in the legal pro- 
.ession. He is the father of two children. 

In 18G0 Mr. Harrison was nominated for the 
position of Supreme Court Reporter, and *,!ien be- 
gan his experience as a stump speake: He can- 
vassed the IState tlK)rouglil_y, and was elected by a 
handsome majority. In 18G2 he raised the ITtli 
Indiana Infantry, and was chosen its Colonel. His 
regiment was composed of the rawest of material, 
.)ut Ct)l. Harrison emplo^'ed all his time at first 
mastering military t.actics and drilling his men, 
when he therefore came to move toward the East 
with Sherman his regiment was one of the best 
drilled and organiziMl in the arm}'. At Resaca he 
especially distinguished himself, and for his bravery 
:-.t Peachtree Creek he was made a Brigadier Gen- 
eral, Gen. Hooker speaking of him in the most 
complimentary terms. 

During the absence of Gen. Harrison in tlie field 
he Supreme Court declared the ollice of the Su- 
preme Court Reporter vacant, and another person 
was elected to the position. From the time of leav- 
iiig Indiana with his regiment until the fall of 18G4 
he had taken no leave of absence, but having been 
nominated that year for the same office, he got a 
thirty-day leave of absence, and during that time 
made a brilliant canvass of the State, and was elected 
for another terra. He then started to rejoin Sher- 
man, but on the waj'' was stricken down with scarlet 
.'ever, and after a most tr3'ing siege made his way 
to the front in time to participate in tiie closing 
incidents of the war. 

In 18G8 Gen. Harrison dechned c, re-election as 
j-eporter, and resumed the practice of law. In 1876 
ae was .a candidate for Governor. Although de- 
eated, the brilliant campaign he made won for him 
a National reputation, and he was much sought, es- 
pecia^.y in the East, to make S[)eechcs. In 1880, 
as usual, he took an active part in the campaign, 
and wa'_ elected to the United States Senate. Here 
he served six j'ears, and was known as one of the 
ablest men, best lawyer? uud strongest debaters in 

that body. "With the expiration of his Senatorial 
term he returned to the practice of his profession, 
becoming the head of one of the strongest firms in 
the State. 

The political campaign of 1888 was one of tlie 
most memorable in the history of our countr\'. The 
convention which assembled in Chicago in June and 
named Mr. Harrison as the chief standard bearer 
of the Republican party, was great in everj' partic- 
ular, and on this account, and the attitude it as- 
sumed upon the vital questions of the day, chief 
among which was the tariff, awoke a deep interest 
in the campaign throughout the Nation. Shortly 
after the nomination delegations began to visit Mr. 
Harrison at Indianapolis, his home. This move- 
ment became jwpular, and from all sections of the 
country societies, clubs and delegations journej'ed 
thither to pay their respects to the distinguished 
statesman. The popularity of these was greatly 
increased on account of the remarkable speeches 
made by Mr. Harrison. He spoke dail}' all through 
the summer and autumn to these visiting delega- 
tions, and so varied, masterly and eloquent were 
his speeches that they at once placed him in the 
foremost rank of American orators and statesmen. 

On account of his eloquence as a speaker and his 
power as a debater, he was called u[i(in at an un- 
commonly early age to take part in the discussion 
of the great questions that then began tj agitate 
the country. He was an inu'ompr<miising ant: 
slavery man. and was matched against some of ' '..e 
most eminent Demi.cratic speakers of his State. 
Xo man \vli(_) felt the touch of his blade desired to 
be pitted with him again. AVith all his eloq-ence 
as an orator he ne\er siioke for oratorical effect. 
but his words always went like bullets to tlie mark 
He is purely American in his ideas and is a spier 
did type of the American statesman, (iifted witl. 
quick perception, a logical mind and a icady tongue. 
he is one of the most distinguished ini|)roni|)fu 
speakers in the Nation. Many of these si)eeches 
sparkled with the rarest of eloquence and contained 
arguments of greatest weight. IMany of ids terse 
statements have already become ai)horisms. Origi- 
nal in thought, precise in logic, terse in statement, 
yet withal faultless in elo(|neuee. he is reeogiiized as 
the sound statesman and brilliant orator o- the da 3' 





.^ OOP . 

NSKL BRIOOS, tho first 
i;i'iitlciii.-m cliiisen in (ill (lie 
.2:ul)urii;it()ri;il clinii' of Iowa 
after its orL>'aiiizati()ii as a 
State, was a native cif Ver- 
mont, and was horn Pel). 3, 
1K()('>. His i)arents, wh(;> likewise 
were New Englaiiders, were IJen- 
jamin and Electa liriggs. Tiic 
lioyhood of our subject was 
passed in liis native State, and in at- 
tendance upon tlie common schools 
he received a fair education wliicli 
was subsequently improved liy a. 
JMI term at Norwich Academy. \\'lien 
I a young man he removed with his 
parents t(i Cambridge, Guernsey Co., Ohio, where 
young liriggs engaged in the woric (jf establishing 
stage lines. He also here endiarked in political 
affairs and as a Whig run for tlie oflice of County 
Auditor ])ut was defeated by .lolui Ferguson, a 
Jackson I democrat. 

After remaining in Oliio for six years, the glow- 
ing accounts of the fair fields and the fertile prairies 
of the Territory of Iowa, led him westwai'd across 
the Father of Waters. He had previously united 
t\b fortunes in life with Nancy M. Dunlap, daugh- 
ter cf INIajor Dunlap, an ollicer in the Warof 1,S12. 
P>ven prior to this marriage he had chosen a wife, 
a lady who was born on the same day and year as 
himself, but of whom he was soon bereft. He 
i>ruuglit with him to Iowa liis little lainily and lo- 
tated at Andrew ;» j-.<_-ks<jn 'Jyuut.v. SeeL-io: the 

opportunit3- here for resuming his former business, 
he began opening up stage lines, fre(piently driving 
the old stage coach himself. He made several con- 
tracts with the l*<)st(jHice Department for carrying 
the United States mails weekly between Dubuque 
and Davenport, Dubuque and Iowa City and other 
routes, tiius oi)cning up and eariying on a very im- 
portant enterprise. I'olitically, Cov. Briggs was a 
Democrat, and on coming to Iowa identified him- 
self with that party. In 1842 he was chosen a 
member of the Territorial House of Representatives 
from Jackson County, and subsequently was elected 
Sheriff of the same county. Ho had taken a lead- 
ing part in public affairs, .and upon the forniaticm of 
the State (Jovernment in 184G, he became a prom- 
inent candidate for (iovernor, and though his com- 
petitors in his own partj- were distinguished and 
well-known citizens, Mr. Briggs received the nom- 
ination. The convention was held in Iowa City, 
on Thursday, Sept. 24, 184C, and assembled to 
nominate State oilicers and two Congressmen. It 
was called to order liy F. D. ]\Iills, of Des Moines 
County. William Thompson, of Henry County, 
presided, and J. T. Falcs, of Dubuque, was Seci-e- 
tary. Tho vote for (iovernor in the convention 
stood: Briggs, sixty-two; Jesse Williams, thirty- 
two, and William Th<mipson, thirty-one. Tli-; two 
latter withdrew, and Briggs was then chosen by ac- 
clamation. Elisha Cutler, .Ii-., of \^an Buren Coun- 
ty, was nominated ft)r Secretary of State; Joseph 
T. Fales, of Linn, for Anilitor, and Morgan Reno, 
of Johnson, for Treasurer. S. C. Hastings and 
Sheuerd Ijclller were noniin.-ited for Congress. Tue 



C'loction was hold Oct. 28, 184G, the entire Demo- 
cratic ticket being successful. Briggs received 
7,G2G votes and his competitor, Thomas ^McKnight, 
the Wliig candidate, 7,379, giving Briggs a major- 
ity of 247. 

The principal ipiestion lietween the two leading 
parties, the Democratic and the Whig, at tiiis period, 
was tliat of the banking system. It is related tliat 
I sliort time prior to the meeting of the convcn- 
Jion wliicli nominated 5Ir. Briggs, that in offering 
I toast at a banquet, he struck tlie key-note wliich 
made him the popular man of the hour. He said, 
" No banks but earth and they well tilled." This 
was at once caught up by his jxirt^- and it did more 
to secure him the nomination than anything else. 
His administration was one void of any special in- 
terest. He labored in liarmonious accord with his 
party, yet frequently exhibited an independence of 
principle, characteristic of his nature. The Mis- 
souri l)Oundary question which caused a great deal 
of excited controversy at this period, and even a 
determination to resort to arms, was handleil by 
liim with great ability. 

On liis election as Executive of the State, Gov. 
Briggs sohl out his mail contract, but after the ex- 
piration of his term of service he continued his 
residence in Jackson County. In 1870 he removed 
to Council Bluffs. He had visited the western 
part of the State before tlie daj' of railroads in that 
section, inaking tlie trip by carriage. On the occa- 
sion he enrt>lled himself as one of tlie founders of 
tlie town of Florence on the Nebraska side of tlie 
river and six miles above Council Bluffs, and which 
for a time was a vigorous rival of Omaha. Dur- 
ing tlic mining excitement, in 1860, he made a trip 
to Colorado, and three years later, in comiiany 
witli liis sini John and a large l)arty, went to 
llontana, wliere he remained until the year 

lSfi;j, when he returned to his home in Iowa. 

As above stated, Gov. Briggs was twice married, 
liis first wife being his com[)anioii fs;:' • bi-icf time 
<mlj-. His second wife bore him ciglit cliildi-cn, all 
of whom died in infancy s;ive two, and of these lat- 
ter, Ansel, Jr., died Ma}' 15, 1867, aged twenty- 
five 3'ears. John S. Briggs, tlie fMily survivor of 
the family, is editor of the Idaho Herald, piibli.slied 
at Blackfoot, Idaho Territoiy. Jlrs. Briggs died 
Dec. 30, 1847, wliile her husliand was Governor of 
the State. She was a devoted Christian lady, a 
strict member of the Presbj-terian Church, and a 
woman of strong domestic tastes. She was liighly 
educated, and endowed by nature with tliat 
womanly tact and grace which enabled her to adorn 
the higli position her husband had attained. 
She disijcnscd a bounteous hospitality, though her 
home was in a log house, and was highlj' esteemed 
and admired by all who met her. 

Gov. Briggs went in and out among his people 
for many j^ears after his retirement from the execu- 
tive office, and even after iiis return from the Mon 
tana expedition. He was admired for his able 
services rendered so unselfishly during the pioneer 
period of the now great and populous State. His 
last illness, ulceration of the stomach, was of l)rief 
duration, lasting only five weeks, indeed onl^- three 
da3"S before his death he was able to be out. His 
demise occurred at the residence of his son, John 
S. Briggs, ill Omaha, Neb., at half-past three of the 
morning of May ;"). 1881. His death was greatly 
mourned all over the State. Upon the following 
da}'. Gov. Gear issued a prochimation reciting his 
services to the State, ordering half-hour guns to be 
fired and the national flag on the Stite caiiitol to 
be put at half-mast during the day upon which 
the funeral was held, which w:us the following Suu- 
<lav succeedinsr his death. 







ond Governor of Iowa, is a, 
native of Connecticut, where, 
at New Lunrton, he was Ijorn 
> Oct. 1, 1812. He resided in 
that State with his jiarents 
until 1828, when the family' 
came West, locating upon a farm 
near Saint Louis. This was the 
home of J'oung Stephen until 1830, 
when he went to (ialena, 111., where 
he served in the capacitj' of a clerk 
in a commission house for a time. 
He was there during the exciting 
period of -the Black Hawk troubles, 
and was an officer in an artillery 
company which had been organized for the protec- 
tion of Galena. After the defeat of lUack Hawk 
and the consequent termination of Indian troubles, 
he entered the Illinois College at Jacksonville, 
where he remained for aljout two years. On ac- 
count of difHculties which he got into about 
sectrrianijm and abolitionism, he left the college 
and retv.rned to Missouri. He shortly afterward 
entered the office of Charles S. Ilemixstead, a prom- 
inent lawyer of Galena, and jjegan tlu^ stud}' of the 
prufessiuu m wUicli he afterward became ipiite pro- 

ficient. In 1830 he was admitted to practice in all 
the courts of the Territory of Wisconsin, which at 
the time embraced the Teri-itory of Iowa, and the 
same year located at Dubuque, being the first law- 
yer who began the practice of his profession at that 

As might be expected in a territory but thinly 
populated, but one which was rapidly settling up, 
the services of an alile attorney would lie in de- 
mand in order to draft the laws. Upon the organ- 
ization of the Territorial Government of Iowa in 
1838, he was, with Gen. Warner Lewis, elected to 
represent the northern portion of the Territory in 
the Legislative Council, which assembled in ISur- 
lington that year. He was Chairman of tiie Com- 
mittee Judiciary', and at the second session of that 
body was elected its President. lie was again 
elected a memlier of the Council, in 18-15, over 
which he also presided. In 1844 he was clecteil 
one of the delegates of Dubuque Count}', for the 
first convention to frame a constitution for the 
State. In 1848, in company with Judge Cnarles 
Mason and AV. G. Wocxlward, he was appointed 
by the Legislature Commissionei' to revise tiiejaws 
of the State, which revision, with a few amend- 
ments, was adopted as the code of Iowa in 18")1. 

In 18;j() Mr. llenqistead was elected Govcrnur of 




lor I c 1111' yoars, 

the State, anil sctvci) wi 
tlmt \K'\ug the full term uikUt the Coni^tilution at 
the tiiiio. He reeeived i;i,l.s(; votes asjainst 11,- 
403 east for his oppoiunt, .lames I^. 'riiompson. 
After the vote had been eaiivasseil a eoiiimittec 
was appointed to inform the Governor-eleet that 
the two Houses of the Legislature were ready to re- 
eeive him in joint eonvention, in order that he 
might reeeive the oath jireseribed liy the Constitu- 
tion. Gov. Hempstead. aeeomi)anied by the retir- 
ing Exeeutive, Gov. Briggs, the .Judges of the Su- 
preme Court and the ollieers of State, entered the 
hall of the House where the Governor-eleet deliv- 
ered his inaugural message, after whieh the oath 
was administered by the Chief .Tustiee of the Su- 
preme Covu't. This was an important period in the 
history of the State, being at a time when the pid)- 
lie affairs were assuming delinite shape, and indeed 
it was what might be termed the formative jieriod. 
The session of the Legislature passed many import- 
ant acts whieh were ajiproved by the Governor, and 
during his term there were fifty-two new counties 
fornuMl. Gov. Hempstead in his message to the 
Fourth General Assembly in December, 1S.52, 
stated that among other things, the population of 
the State according to the Federal census was 1!I2,- 
211, and that the State census showed an increase 
for one year of 37,78G. He also stated that there- 
sources of the State for the coming two years 
■woulil be sulHcient to cancel all that jiart of funded 
debt which was payable at its option. 

Among the numerous counties organized was one 
'\anu'(l r>uncond)e, which received its name in the 
(illowing way: The Legislature was composed of a 
arge majority favoring stringent corporation laws 
and the liability of individual stockholders for eor- 
"oara;3 debts. This sentiment, (m account of the 
agitation of railroad enterprises then l)eing inangu- 
"."ited, bn)Ught a large ntnnber of |)rominent men 
It) the capital. To have an effect upon the Legis- 
jature, they oigani/.eil a "loliby Legislature" and 
;lietc:l as Governor, \\'riilanlv \'an Antwerp, who 
lelivered to the self-constituted body a lengthy 
.Ticssage in which he sharjily criticize(l the regular 
General Assembly. Some of the memlx rs of tr,c 
latter were in the habit of making long and useful 
speeches much to the hindrance of business. To 

these he especially referred, charging them with 
speaking for "Buncombe," and recommended that 
as a lasting memorial a county should be called bj' 
that name. This suggestion wa.s readily seized on 
by the Legislatiu'e, and the county of Buncombe 
was created with few dissenting voices. However, 
the General Assembly, in 1802, changed the name 
to Lyon, in honor of Gen. Natlmniel Lyon who was 
killed in the early part of the Civil War. 

The season of 1851 was one of great disappoint- 
ment to the pioneers of Iowa, and much suffei-ing 
was the result of the bad season of that year. By 
the year 1854, the State had fully recovered from 
the depression thus produced, and that year as well 
as the following, the emigration from the East was 
unprecedented. The prairies of Illinois were lined 
day after day with a continuous caravan of emi- 
grants pushing on toward Iowa. During a single 
month 1743 wagons bound for Iowa passed through 
Peoria. So remarkable had been the influx of peo- 
ple into the State, that in an issue of the I5uiling- 
t(»u Telegraph appeared the following statement: 
" Twenty thousand emigrants have passed thrijugh 
the city within the last thirty days, and they arc 
still crossing the Mississippi at the rate of 600 a day." 

At the expiration of his term of service, which 
occurred in the latter part of the year 1854, Gov. 
Hempstead returned to his old home at Dubuque. 
In 1855 he was elected County Judge of Dubuque 
County, and so acceptably did he serve the i>eople 
that for twelve years he was chosen to fill that posi- 
tion. Under his administration the principal 
county building, including the jail, poorhouse, .as 
well as some valualile bridges, were erected. 
Owing to ill-health he was compelled to retire from 
public life. [)assing the remainder of his days in 
(piietude and repyse at l)ubu(pie. There he lived 
until Eel). IG, l,ss;!. when, at his home, th..' light < " 
his long .and eventful life went out. The record 
he has made, which was an honoralile and distin- 
guished one, was closed, and Iowa was called .;; >n 
to mourn the loss of one of her most distinguis..ed 
pioneer citizens. lie h;id been an unusually useful 
man of the State and his services, which were able 
.and wise, were rendered in that unsellish spirit 
wiilch distingui,-iie<l so many of the early residents 
of this now prosiJcroua State. 


C^t— ) -J 


! 1>J 

third gcntleiiuin to fill the 
Executive Chair of the State 
if Iowa, was bora in the 
tiiwn (^f Deering, Ilillsbor- 
imi/** ough Co., N. II., Oct. 20, 
it^fMCs 1816. His parents, John and 
Elizabeth (Wilson) Grimes, were 
also natives of the same town. 
The former was born on the 1 1 th 
of August, 1772, and the mother 
]\Iarch 10, 1773. They became the 
l>arents of eight children, of w'hom 
James was the youngest and be- 
came one of the most distinguished 
citizens of Iowa. He attended the 
district schools, and in earl}^ childhood evinced an 
unusual taste for learning. Besides attending the 
district schools, the village pastor instructed liini 
in Greel'C and Latin. After coniiiletihg his prepar- 
ations for college, which he did at llanipton Acad- 
emy, he entered Dartmouth College, in August, 
IS.JL'. wliich was in the sixteenth year of his age. 
lie was a hard .student, advanced rapidly, and in 
February, 183;'), bid adieu to the college halls, and 
with .lames W.alkcr, of I'cteilx.rougli. N. II., he be- 
gan li. • slutly of his chosen iirot'cssinu. 

Feeling that his native State afforded too hmited 
advantages, and, in tHct, being of a rather advent- 
urous disposition, as well as ambitious, he tiesired 
broader fields in which to carve for himself a tort- 
une. lie accordingly left the home that nad 
sheltered him during his lioyhood days, and turn- 
ing his face Westward iiroi^eeded until he had 
crossed'' the great Father of Waters. It was ni 
183G, and young Grimes was indeed 3'oung to thus 
take upon himself such resiionsibilities; but jios- 
sessing business tact, determinatioii and ten.acity, 
as well as an excellent professional training, he de- 
termined to open an ollice in the then new town of 
Burlington, Iowa. Here he hung out his shingle, 
and ere long had estalilished a rei)utation which 
extended far bey<md the confines of the little city. 

In April, 1837, he was appointed City Solicitor, 
and entering ui)on tlie duties of that ollice lie 
assisted in drawing ni) the first ])olice laws of tiiat 
town. In 1838 he was appointed Justice of the 
Peace, and became a law partner of William \\. 
Chapman, United Slates District Attorney for 
Wisconsin Territory. In the early jiart of the year 
1841 he formed a partnership with Ilciny W.Starr, 
Esq., which continue<l twelve years. This firm 
stood at the head of the legal profession in Iow;i. 
Mr. Grimes was widely known as :i counselor with 



superior kninvledsje of the law, and with a clear 
sense of truth and justice. He was chosen one of 
the Representatives of Des Moines County in the 
first Legislative Asscnibly of tlie Territory- of Iowa, 
v.hich convened at" Burlinyton, IS'ov. 12. 183S; in 
the sixth, at l<iwa C'it3S Dec. 4, 181.'!; and in tlie 
fc:;: th Ceneral Assembly of the State, at Iowa City. 
Doe. 0, 1>'5"2. He early toolv front ranli among tlie 
|)ul.lie men of Iowa. He was Chairman of the 
Judiciary Committee in the House of Keinesenta- 
tives of the first Legislative Assembly of the Ter- 
ritorj'. and all laws for the new Territory jjassed 
through his hands. 

iMr. Grimes had l)eeome prominently identified 
with the Whig party, and being distinguished as an 
able lawyer, as vvell as a fair-minded, conscientious 
man, he was a prominent candidate for (Tovernor 
before the convention which met in February, 1854. 
It was the largest convention of that party ever 
lield in Iowa and the last. He was chosen as a nom- 
inee for Governor, was duly elected, and in Decem- 
ber, 18;i4, assumed the duties of the ollicc. Shortly 
after his election it was proposed that he should go 
to the United States Senate, but lie gave his ad- 
mirers to understand that he was determined to fill 
tlie term of oHice for which he had been chosen. 
I'liis ii(! did, serving the full term to the entire sat- 
isfaction of all iiarties. He was a faithful ])arty 
le;ider, and so able were his services that, while at 
tlie time of his election as Governor Democracy 
reigned supreme in the State and its representatives 
in Congress were allied to the slave power, he 
tnrnod the State over to the Republican party. 

His term of oflice expired Jan. 14, 1858, when 
he reth-ed from the Executive Chair, onl^^ how- 
ever, to assume the responsibilities of a United 
States Senator. Upon the 4tli of iMarch of the fol- 
lowing year he took his seat in the Senate and was 
placed ujjon the Committee (m Naval Affairs, upon 
which he rem.aincd during his Senatorial career, 
serving as Ciiairinan of th;it important committee 
from December, 1864. Jan. KJ, 18G4, Mr. Grimes 
wa.s again chosen to repres.'iit Iowa in the Senate 
of the United States, receiving nil but six of tlu 
votes of the General Assemlily in joint conveiiti<iii. 

His counsel w:vs often sought in matters of great 
moment, and in cases of peculiar ililliculty. Al- | 

ways ready to promote the welfare of the State, he 
gave, unsolicited, land worth $6,000 to the Congre- 
gational College, at Grinnell. It constitutes the 
" Grimes foundation," and '• is to be applied to the 
establishment and maintenance in Iowa College, 
forever, of four scjiohirsliips. to be awarded b\- Ihc 
Trustees, on the recommendation of tlie facultj', to 
the best schol.ars. and tiie most promising, in any 
department, wiio may need and seek such aid, and 
without any regard to the religious tenets or opin- 
ions entertained by an}' i)erson seeking either of 
said scholarships." These terms were imposed by 
Mr. Grimes, and assumed July 20, 1865, by the 
Trustees. He received the honorary degree of 
LL.D. in 1805 from Dartmouth College, and also 
from Iowa College. lie also aided in founding a 
public library in Burlington, donating |i5,000, whicli 
was expended in the purchase of costly books, and 
sulisequently sent from Europe 256 volumes in the 
German language, and also contributed 600 vol- 
umes of public documents. 

In January, 1869, he made a donation of *;5,fit)iO 
to Dartmouth College, and *1,000 to the " Softd 
Friend," a literary society of which he was a mem- 
lier when in college. 

His health failing, Mr. Grimes sailed for Europe, 
April 14, 186'J, remaining abroad two years, 
reaching home Sept. 22, 1871, ajiparently in im- 
proved health and spirits. In Novemljer he cele- 
brated his silver wedding, and spent the closing 
months of his life with his famil}'. "He voted at 
the city election, Feb. 5, 1872, and was suddenly 
attacked with severe i)ains in the region of tlie 
heart, and died after a few short hours of intense 

Senator (irimes was united in marriage .at Bur- 
lington, la., Js<n'. 1), 1846, with Miss Sarah Elizabeth 
Keally. Mr. Grimes stood in the foremost ranks 
among the men of his time, not only in the State 
but of the nation. The young attorney who left 
the granite liiils of Ni'W llanipshire for the fertile 
prairies of the West, distinguished himself both as 
an attorney and a stMtesmaii. His i)ersoiial history 
is so inseparably interwoven in th:it of the history 
of the Stale that a sketch of his life is indeed but .i 
record of the history of his ado|ited State iluriug 
the years of his manhood and vigor. 






,ALPII V. LOWE, ttic fourth 
( lovornor of tlif St;it<' of 
low;i. «;is Ijorii in ()lii() in 
tlu- yi'iu' ISliS. ami lil;i' iiumv 
otlitTs of tiic ili!^tiiii>uislR'il 
men of Iowa. uaiiK" within her 
holders in early pioneer 
limes. He was a young man 
but a little over thirty years 
of age when he crossed the great 
Father of Waters, settling ujjoii its 
western bank at the then small vill- 
age of Muse.itine. He at once 
identified himself with the interests 
of the growing city, and ere long 
became quite prominent in local 
affairs and of recognized ability in 
questions of public policy. He was shortly after- 
ward chosen as a ropresontafive from Muscatine 
County to the Constitutional Convention of 18-f4, 
whieli framed the Constitution which was rejected 
by the people. 

^Vf'ter tiiis constitutional ciMivention, Mr. Lowe 
tool< no fiirtlier \y.\vt in i)uliiie matters for a inim- 
ber of years. He removed to Lee Count}' about 
184!) or TjO, where he became District Judge as a 
successor to George H. Willianio, who was after- 
ward famous as I'residi'ut Grant's Attorney CJen- 
eral. He was District Judge five years, from 1852 
to 1857, being succeeded by Judge Claggett. In 
the summer of 1857 he was nominated l)y the Re- 
iniblieans for fiovernor of Iowa, with Ora.n Faville 
for Lieutenaut-Governi.>r. The Democracy put in 

the field Benjamin M. Samuels for Governor and 
George (iillaspy foi' Lieutenant-Governor. Thei-e 
was a third ticket in the field, supporteii liy the 
American or "Know-Nothing" party, and lie;iring 
the names of T. F. Ilenr}' and Easton JMorris. 
The election was held in October, 1857, and gave 
Mr. Lowe 38,4;)8 votes, against 3G,088 for Mr 
Samuels, and 1,000 for Mr. Henry. 

Hitherto the term of office had l)een four 3'ears 
but by an amendment to the Constitution this was 
now reduced to two. Gov. Lowe was iu.aug- 
urated Jan. 14, 1858, and at once sent his first 
message to the Legislature. Among the measures 
passed b}' this Legislature wi're Ijills to iiicoi'i)orate 
the State Bank of Iowa; to jjrovide for an agiicuit- 
ural college; to authorize the business of banking; 
disposing of the land grant made b}' Congress to 
the Des Moines Valley Raih-oad; to provide for 
the erection of an institution for the education of 
the Ijlind, and to provide for taking a State census. 

No events of importance occurred during the 
adn.iinistration of (iov. Lowe, but it was not a 
period of uninterrui)ted prosjierity. Tlie Governor 
said in his biennial message of Jan. 10, I860, 
reviewing the preceeding two yeais: ''The |)ei-u.d 
that has elapsed since the last biennial session has 
been one of great disturbing causes, and of anxious 
solicitude to all classes of our fellow-citizens. The 
first year of this perioil was visited with heavy and 
continuous rains, which reduced the measure of 
our field crops l)elow one-half of the usual product, 
whilst the financial revulsicm which commenced 
upon the Atlantic coast in the autumn of 1857, did 



iKit iL'iiuli its climax fur ovil in our Ijorders until 
the yoar i)ast." 

lie referred at length to the claim of the State 
ag.iinst the Federal Government, and tfaid that he 
ii.i'.l appealed in vain to the Sccretar}- of the Inte- 
rior for the payment of the ,'j per cent upon the 
military land warrants that the State is justly en- 
titled to, which tlien approximated to a million of 
dollars. The payment of this fund, he said, "is 
not a mere favor which is asked of the General 
Government, but a subsisting right which could be 
enforced in a court of justice, were there a tribunal 
of this kind clothed with the requisite jurisdiction." 

The subject of the Des Moines River grant re- 
ceived fiom the Governor special attention, and he 
gave a history of the operations of the State author- 
ities in reference to obtaining the residue of the 
lands to which the State was entitled, and other in- 
formation as to the progress of the work. He also 
remarked " that under the act authorizing the Gov- 
ernor to raise a company of mounted men for de- 
fense and protection of our frontier, approved 
Feb. 9, 1858, a company of thirty such men, known 
as the Frontier Guards, armed and equipped as re- 
quired, were organized and mustered into service 
inider the command of Capt. Henry B. JNIartin, of 
AVcbster Citj', about the 1st of March then follow- 
ing, and were tlivided into two companies, one 
stationed on the Little Sioux River, the other at 
Spirit Lake. Their presence afforded security and 
gave quiet to the settlements in that region, and 
after a service of four months they were disbanded. 

■• Late in the fall of the year, however, great 

alarm and consternation was again felt in the 
region of Spirit Luke and Sioux River setlli'menls, 
produced by the appearance of large numbers of 
Indians t>n the border, whose bearing was insolent 
and menacing, and who wi'ri; charged with clan- 
destinely running off the stock of the settlers. 
The most urgent ajipeals came from these settlers, 
invoking again the protection of the State. From 
representations made of the imminence of their 
danger and the losses already sustained, the Gov- 
ernor summoned into the field once more the 
frontier guards. After a service of four or live 
months they were again discharged, and paid in the 
manner prcscribetl in the act under which they were 
called out." 

Gov. Lowe was beaten for the renomination 
by Hon. S. J. Kirkwood, who was considered 
much the stronger man. To compensate him for 
his defeat for the second term. Gov. Lowe 
was appointed one of the three Judges under the 
new Constitution. He drew the short term, wliich 
expired in 1861, but was retiu'ned and served, al'. 
told, eight j-ears. He then returned to the prac- 
tice of law, gradually working into a claim Imim- 
ness at Washington, to which city he reui(i\c' 
about 1874. Li that city he died, on Saturday, 
Dec. .22, 1883. He had a large family. C'arleton, 
one of his sons, was an officer in the Third Iowa 
Cavalry during the war. 

Gov. Lowe was a man of iletail. accur.-ite and 
industrious. In jirivate and i)ulilic life he was 
pure, upright and honest. In religicnis faitli lie 
was inclined to be a Spiritualist. 



j; cy-^Lx/l ^^^^<^^^-^^ 



^^ ^l^li-Woodo I 


UK fifth ( JoviM'niir of Iowa 
was SaiiHU'l .1. Kirkwood. 
lie was li(irn in Ilartfurd 
('(lunty. Mil ,1111 his father's 
^^ , , ,_ farm, Dec, 20, LSI 3. His 

^-.&4::%-^y f;itlier was twice married, 
first t<i a huly named C'oulson, 
wild Ijt'caiiie tlie iiidtlier of two 
sons. After tlie deatli of tliis 
companion, tlie elder Kirkwood 
was united in maniage with 
i\Iary Alexander, who bore him 
three •■liildren, all of whom were 
sons. Of this little family Samuel 
was the youngest, and ivhen ten 
years of age was sent to Washington City to at- 
tend a school taught by John McLeod, a relative of 
the famih'. Here he remained for four years, giv- 
ing diligent attention to his studies, at the close of 
which time he entered a drug store at Washington 
as clerk. In this capacity he continued with the 
exception of eighteen months, until he reached his 
majority. During the interval referred to, young 
Kirkwood was living the life of a pedagogue in 
Yorlv County, Pa. 

In the year 1835, Samuel quit Washington and 
came westward to Richland County, Ohio. His 
father and brother had precedeil him from Mary- 
land, locating uixm a timbered farm in the Buckeye 
State. Here Samuel lent them valiialile a.ssistance 
in clearing the farm. He was anibiti<jus to enter 
the legal profession, and in the year 1811, an oppor- 

— ;:;-~4> 

tunity was afforded him to enter tlie ollice of 
Thomas AV. Hartley, afterward CoMinor of Oiiio. 
The following two j'ears he ga\e <liligent ajtiiliira- 
tion to his books, and in 18 J3, was admitted to 
practice by the Supreme Court of Ohio. He was 
then fortunate enough to form an association in 
the practice of his profession with his former pre- 
ceptor, which relations continued fc)r eight years, 

From 1845 to 1849 he served as Pro.secuting 
Attorney of his county. In 1819 he was elected 
as a Democrat to represent his county and district 
in the Constitutional Convention. In 1851 Mr. 
Bartley, his partner, having lieen elected to tiie 
Supreme Judiciary of the State, Kirkwood formed 
a partnership with Barnabas Barns, with whom he 
continued to practice until the spring of 1855, 
when he removed to the West. 

Up to 1854 Mr. Kirkwood had .acted with the 
Democratic party. But the measures proposed ami 
sustained that year by the Dcnn)cracy in Congress, 
concentrated in what Jcnown as the K.nnsas- 
Nebraska Act, drove him with hosts of anti-slavery 
Democrats out of the party. He was liesought by 
the opposition in the " Richland District " to be- 
come their candidate for Congress, but declined. 
In 1855 he came to Iowa and settled two miles 
northwest of Iowa Citj% entering into a partnerslii|> 
with his Ijrother-in-law, Kzekiel Clark, in the mill- 
ing business, and kept aloof from jmblic atTairs. 
He could not long conceal iiis record and abilities 
from his neighbors, however. an<l in 1 851! he was 
elected to the State Senate from the district com- 



jwised of tlio counties ftf ln\\:\ niid .Toliiison, ami 
■served in the last session of the Lenislaline held at 
Iowa C'ily and the (list one luld at l)es Moines. 

In IS.')'.) .Mr. Kiikwood was made tiie standaid- 
lie.-ii'ei' of tlie I{e|inlilieans of Iowa, and though be 
had as alile and |icj|)ular .'i eonipetitoi' as (Jen. A. 
C. Dodge, lie was eleeted (iovernor of Iowa by a 
majority of om'i- .'Ijilio. He was inaugurated .Ian. 
11,18G(). Hefore the expiration of 1 lis first term 
came the great Civil AVar. As Goveriwjr, <luring 
tlie lUu'kest da.ys of the Rebellion, he performed an 
oxeecdiugly important duty. "He secured a prompt by volunteers to all requisitions by the 
Federal (lovernment on the State for troops, so 
that during Ids Governorship no '-(b'aft" took 
l)lace in Iowa, and no regiment, except the first, 
enlisted for less tlian tln'ee years. At tlie same 
time he iiiMJiitained tlie State's financial credit. 
The Legislature, at its extra session in 18(J1, 
authorized the sale of ^.siid.OOO in bonds, to assist 
in arming and equijipiug troops. So frugally was 
this work done, that Init *;i<)l»,()()0 of the bonds 
'vure Sold, and the remaining lj!.JOO,000 not having 
been re(]ni:cd, the lioiid* representing this amount 
.vcre destroyed by order of the succeeding Legis- 

In October, l.S(;i,(;ov. Kirkwood was, with com- 
parativeb' little oi>[)(_)sition, re-elected — an honor 
accorded for the lirst time in the histor.y of the 
,State. His majority was about l,s,i!(M). During 
his secoiKl term he was appointed by President 
Lincoln to be Minister to Denmark, ))Ut he declined 
to enter upon lii> diplomatic duties until the expir- 
ation of his term as (iovernor. The position was 
ke|i( open for him until that time, but, when it 
I'Miue, pressing pii\atc business compelled a declin- 
it ii 111 ( if the ollice alti igether. 

Ill .ianuary, ISdC, he was ;i proiuiiu-nt candidate 
before the Legislatui'c for rnitccl States Senator. 
Senator Harlan had resigned the Seiiatoiship upon 

his appointment to the oHice of Secretiuy of the 
Interior by President Lincoln, just before lus 
death, but had withdrawn from Ihe cabinet .soon 
after the accession of ]Mr. Johnson to the Presi- 
dency. In this waj' it ha|)i)ened that the Legisla- 
ture had two terms of United States Senator ti> lill, 
a short term of two years, to fill Harlan's unexpired 
term, and a long term of six years to immediati'ly 
succeed this; and Harlan had now become a candi- 
date for his own successor.ship, to which Kirkwood 
also aspired. L'ltimately, Kirkwood was elec'ted 
for the first and Harlan for the second term. Dur- 
ing his brief Senatorial service, Kirkwood did not 
hesitate to measure swords with Senator Sumner, 
whose natural egotism had begotten in him an ar- 
rogant and dictatorial manner, borne with huinlily 
until then by his colleagues, in deference to his 
long experience and eminent ability, but unpalata- 
ble to ai! indeiicndcnt Western Senator like Kirk- 

At the close of his Senatorial term. ;\Iarch 4, 
liSlu, he resumed the practice vf law. which a few 
years later he relintiuished tt) accei)t the Presidency 
of the Iowa City Savings Bank. In ls7.'i lu' was 
again elected Oovernor, and w:is inaugurated Jan. 
13, l.sTO. He served but little over a year, as 
early in IS77 he was chosen Uniteil States Senator. 
He filled this position four years, resigning to be- 
come Secretary of the Interior in President Gar- 
field's Cabinet. In this office he was succeeded, 
April 17, 18.S2, liy Henry M. Teller, of Colorado. 

(biv. Kirkwood returned to Iowa City, his home, 
where he still resides, being now advanced in years. 
He was married in isi;;, to ^liss Jane Clark, a na- 
tive of Ohio. 

In l.ssd Mr. Kiikwodd was iioiinuatcd for Con- 
gress b\' the Kepublicaii^ of lii> di>tiict. ('oiislder- 
able interest was niiinil'ested in the contest, as lioth 
the Labor and Democratic parties had pojiular can- 
didates ill the licM. 







.■ijV^ef sixth (ioveinor uf Iowa, was 
: Vm . |„„.„ op,^ j4^ 1827. His 

parents, Truman and La- 
vina (NurUi) Stune, who 
were of Englisli ancestry, 
movcfl to Lewis County, N. 
Y., when William was but a 
year old. William's grandfather, Aaron 
Stone, was in the second war with En- 
gland. AVhen our subject was six years 
of age his parents moved into Ohio, lo- 
cating in Coshocton County. Like many 
other self-made men, William M. had few 
advantages. He never attended a school 
of any kind more than twelve months. 
In boyhood he was for two seasons a team-driver 
on the Ohio Canal. At seventeen he was appren- 
ticed to the chairmaker's trade, and he followed 
that business until he was twenty-three years of 
age, reading law meantime during liis si)are hours, 
wherever he happened to be. He commenced at 
Coshocton, with .Tames Mathews, who afterward 
became his father-in-law; continued his reading 
with Gen. Lucius V. Pierce, of Akron, and finished 
with Ezra B. Taj'lor, of Ravenna. He was admitted 
to the bar in August, 1851, by Peter Hitchcock 
and Rufus P. Rannej', Supreme Judges, hnkling a 
term of court at Ravenna. 

After practicing three years at Coshocton with 
his old preceptor, J.amcs Mathews, he, in November, 
1854, settled in Knoxville, which has remained his 
home since. The year after locating here Mr. 
Stone purchased the Knoxville J»ur/ial, and was 
one of the prime movers in forming the Republican 
l)arty in Iowa, being the first editor to suggest a 
State Convention, which met Feb. 22, 1856, and 
completed the organization. In the autumn of the 
same 3-ear he was a Presidential elector on the Re- 
publican ticket. 

In April, 1857, Mr. Stone was chosen .Iiidge of 
the Eleventh .Judicial District. He was elected 
Judge of the Sixth Judicial District when the new 
Constitution went into operation in 1858, and was 
serving on the bench when the American flag was 
stricken down at Fort Sumter. At that time, 
April, 18C1, he was holding court in Fairfield, 
.lefferson County, and when tlie news came of the 
insult to the old flag he immediately adjourned 
court and prepared for what he believed to be more 
important duties — duties to his country. 

In May he enlisted as a private ; was made Cap 
tain of Co. B, Third Iowa Inf., and was subse 
quently promoted to Jlajor. AVith that regiment 
lie was at the battle of Blue Mill, Mo., in Septcm- 
l)er, 18(51, where he was wounded. At Shiloli, the 
following spring, he commanded the rcgime!it and 
was taken i)risoner. By order (jf Jefferson Davia 



he was paroled for tlie time of forty tlays. witli 
orders to ri'iiair to Wa,-<liiiii;toii. and if ixjssible 
t^cfurc an auri'fiiiriit for a caiti'l for a general ex- 
elianye of prisoni'is, and to return as a jjrisoner if 
lie did not succeed. Kailini;' to secure that result 
wilhiii Ihc period .--iiecilicil. he retiu-ucd to Rich- 
mond and had liis paroK' extended lifteen days; re- 
jiairint;- asiain to Wa.--hington, he effected his pur- 
l)ose and was exchanged. 

In August, l.s(;2. he was appointed bj- Gov. 
Kirkwood Colonel of the 'rwenty-second lov.a 
Infantry, wiiicii rendezvoused and organized at 
Canq) I'ope, Iowa City, tlie same month. The 
regiment was occupied forsevei'al months in guard- 
ing suppl}' stores and the railroad, and escoi-ting 
sui>i)ly trains to the Army of the .Southeast Mis 
souri until Jan. •27. l.S(;;j, when it received orders 
to join the army umier (Jen. Davidson. ;it AW'st 
I'lains, Mo. After a march of iive days it reached 
its destination, ami was luigaded with the Twenty- 
(irst and Twenty-tliii<l Iowa regiments. Col. Stone 
commanding, and was designated the First Brigade, 
First Division, Army of Southeast Missouri. April 
I found C'ol. Stone at Milliivcn's IJend, La., to a.ssist 
(Iraut in the caDture of \'icksliurg. lie was now 
ni immediate command of liis regiment, which 
foiined :i \K\H of a brigade under Col. C. L. Harris, 
of the Fieventh Wisconsin. In the atlvance ujion 
I'urt (iil'son Col. Harris was takeii sick, and Col. 
Stone was again in cliarge <if a lirigade. In the 
battle of Port (ubson the Colonel and his com- 
mand distinguished themselves, and were successful. 

The brigade was in the reserve at Chamiiion Hills, 
and in active .skirmish at Black River. 

On the evening of May 21 Col. Stone received 
(ien. Grant's order for a general assaidt on the 
I'uemj-'s lines at ID A. M. on the 22d. In this 
charge, which was unsuccessful. Col. .St(Mie wa.s 
again wounded, receiving a gunshot in the left 
forearm. Col. Stone commanded a brigade until 
the last of August, when, being ordered to the Gulf 
Department, he resigned. He had become very 
pojuilar with the people of Iowa. 

He was nominated in a Republican convention, 
held at Des Moines in June, 1803, and was elected 
liy a very large majorit}'. He vvas breveteil Ihig- 
adier-General in liStU, during liis first year as Gov- 
ernor, lie was inaugurated Jan. 14, 1 .SO J, and was 
re-elected in isii.l, his four ^X'ars in office closing 
Jan. 16, 18GK. His majority ii: IHOS was nearly 
30,000, and in 180.5 about 10,,JOO. His diminished 
vote in 180.5 was dui; to the fact tliat he was very 
strongly committed in favor of negro suffrage. 

Gov. Stone made a very energetic and I'llicieiit 
Fxecutive. Since the exi)iratii)n of liis gubernatorial 
leiin lie has sought to escape the public notice, and 
has given his time to his [ii'i\ate business interests. 
He is in partnership with Hon. U. B. Ayres, of 
Kiiox\ille. ill leg;il practice. 

He was elected to the General Asscmlily in 1877. 
and served one term. 

Ill .May. 1 s."i7, he iiiMiried Miss Carloaet Mathews, 
a native of Ohio, then residing in Knoxvillc. They 
have one sou — AVilliam A 





7i< ■ — ^ ^^ 

jt?? -/It 




from isr.sti) 1S72, Avns l)orn 
ill ( )xfnr(l C'uunty, Maine, 
Aui;-. 7. !sl'2. IIo is a dc- 
i sreiiil;mt on Ills niotJior's side 
of Peter Hill, \viio eame from 
England and settled in Maine 
ill KJ.Vj. From this aneestry have 
sprung most of the Hills in Ameri- 
ea. On his father's side he is a de- 
ceudant of Xathaniel Merrill, who 
came from P^nglaiid in ll>;>(l,aiid lo- 
eated in JIassaehnsetts. Nathaniel 
liad a son, Daniel, who in turn had 
a son named John, and he in turn a son called Thomas. The 
latter was born Dee. is;. 1708. On the 4th of Ang- 
11-1, 172S, was born to him a son, .Samuel, whii was 
married and had a family of twelve children, one of 
whom, Abel, was taken by his father to Boston in 
1 7.')0. Abel was niarrii'd to Elizabeth Page, who 
had five children, one of whom, Abel, Jr., was the 
father of onr subject. He married Abigail Hill 
■ June 2;"), 1809, , and to them were liorn eight chil- 
dren, Samuel being the youngest but one. At the 
age of sixteen S.ainuel moved with his parents to 
Uiixtoii. ;\Iaine. the native [Jace of his mother, 
wlu re his time was emiiloyed in turns in teaching 
and atti'iiding school until he attained his majority. 
Having determined to make teaching a profession, 
and feeling the South offered better opportu- 
uities, lie imniediatt'lj' set out for tliat section. Tie 

remanied, liowever, but a short time, as he says "he 
was born too far North." Suspicion having liecn 
raised as to his aliolitioii priiicijiles .-iiid liiidiiig the 
element not altogether congenial, he soon aliandoiicd 
the sunny South and went to the old (iraiiite State, 
where the next several years were spent in fanning. 
In 1847 he moved to Taniworth, N. II.. where he 
engaged in the mercantile business in comp.any with 
a brother, in which he was ipiite successful. Not 
being satisfied with the limited resources of North- 
ern New England he determined to try his good 
fortune on the broad prairies of the fertik' West. 

It was in the year 18.JG that Mr. Jlerrill turiic<l 
his face toward the setting sun, finding' a desirable 
location near McGregor, Iowa, where he established 
a branch house of the old firm. The iioiiulation in- 
creased, as also did their trade, and their house be- 
came one of the most extensive wholesale establisli- 
ments on the Upper Mississippi. During all these 
years of business Mr. Merrill took an active part in 
l)olitics. In 1854 he was chosen on the abolition 
ticket to the Legislature of New Hampshii'c. The 
following year he was again returned to the Legis- 
lature. an<l doubtless had he remained in State 
would have risen still higher. Incoming to Iowa 
his experience and ability were demanded liy liis 
neighbors, and he was here called into public serv- 
ice. He was sent to the Legislature, and though 
assembled with the most distinguished men of his 
time, took a leading part in the important services 
demanded of that body. The Legislatin-e was con- 
vened in an extra session of 18C1, to provide for 



till- I'xifift'iicii's of the Kclii'lliuii, and in its deliber- 
atiuiis Mr. iMi'iTill took an active part. 

Ill \\\v smiuiKT (if 1si;l'. Mr. Merrill wascommis- 
sioiieil Cdldiiel of the 21st I(i\va Infantry, and im- 
mediately went t(i the front. At the time jNIarma- 
iliike \v;is menat'ing the Tniiin fdrees in Missouri, 
which called for pmmiit aetidu (in the part of the 
I'liidn (ieiieials. Col. Merrill was jilaeed in com- 
ni.-iiid. with (letachnieiits of the 21st Idwa and DDth 
Illinois, a portion of the .'!d Iowa Cavalry and two 
jiieees of artillery, with orders to make a forced 
march to .Springfield, he lieing at the time eighty 
miles distant. On the morning of Jan. II, I8G3, 
he (■•nme across a body of Confederates who were 
.advancing in heavy force. Imme(liate p!'eiiarati(_)ns 
for liattle were madi' by Col. ^Merrill, and after brisk- 
ly firing for an honr, the enemy fell back. Merrill 
then moved in the direction of Ilailville. where he 
found the enemy in force nnder ^larniadiikc. being 
about eight thonsnnd strong, while Meirill had but 
one-tenth of that number. A hot struggle ensued 
in wliicli the Twenty-first distinguished itself. The 
Confeilerate loss was several officers and three hun- 
dred men killed and Wdundcd, while the Union loss 
was but seven killed and sixty-four wounded. The 
'ollowing winter the regiment [lerformed active 
service, taking jiart in the camiiaign of \'ieksburg. 
It fought luider MeClernand at I'ort (idison, and 
while making the famons charge of Pilack River 
liridge. Col. .Merrill was severely wounded through 
the hi[). He was laid np from the 17th of May to 
January, when he again joined his regiment in 
Texa,s, and in .Iiine, ISCI, on account of suffering 
from his wound, resigned and retnrned to Mc- 
(ti-egor. Ill lisiiT i\Ir. Merrill was chosen Ciov- 
eriior of the Slate, iieing elected upon the Repub- 
lican ticket. He .served with such satisfaction, that 
ill iscii hi' was re-nonunated and accordingly 

Inder the administration of Gov. Merrill, 
the movement foi' the erection of the new .State 
House was inaugurated. The Thirleenlh Ceneral 
Assembly iirovided for (he building at .a cost of 
!|;1,,')()(),00(), and made an apjiropriatioii with which 
to begin llie work of xI.'.o.oimi. With ihis sum the 
work was begun, .'111(1 Nov. 2;!, 1.S71, the corner 
stone was laid in the presence of citizens from all 

jiarts of the State. On this occasion the Governor 
delivered the address. It was an historical view of 
the incidents culminating in the laliors of the day. 
It was reiilete with historical facts, showed jiatieiit 
research, was logical and argumentative, and at times 
eloquent with the fire and genius of American pa- 
triotism. It is a paper w(_)rthy of the (jccasion, 
and does justice to the head and heart that con- 
ceived it. 

During the gubernatorial career of Gov. Mer- 
rill, extending through two terms, from Jaiiu- 
ar}', 1868, to .lanuarj', 1872, he was actively en- 
gaged in the discharge (jf his otficial duties, and 
proliably no incumbent of that otliee ever devoted 
himself more earnestly t<j the public good, stand- 
ing liy the side of Gov. Faircliild, of Wisconsin. 
The two were iiLstrumental in placing the slack- 
water navigation between the Mississippi and the 
Lakes in the way of ultimate and certain success. 
The Governor treated this subject to great length 
and with marked ability in his message to the Thir- 
teenth General Assembly, and so earnest w«s he in 
behalf of this iiniirovement, that he again'd 
it in his message to the Fourteenth General A.ssem- 
bly. In the instig.'ition of the work the Governors 
of the different States interested, called conventions, 
and through tlii' deliberations of these assemblies 
the aid of the (leneral (iovernment was secured. 

Samuel Merrill was first married to Catherine 
Thomas, who died in 1847, fourteen months after 
their marriage. In January, 18.')1, he was united 
in marriage with a IMiss Hill, of liuxton, Maine. 
She became the mother of four children, three of 
whom died 3-oung, the eldest living to be only two 
and a half years old. 

After the expiration of his imblic service he re- 
tnrned to McGregor, but shortly afterward removi-d 
to Ues Jloines, where he is now residing, and is 
President of the Citi/.ens" National I'ank. 

Thus brielly have been ixiinted out the leading 
features in the life of one of Iowa's most promi- 
nent citizens, and one who has made an lioiioralile 
rectn'd both in public jiositions aiK^ i)rivaie enter- 
prises. He is highly esteemed in the city where he 
resides and is regarded as one of the lailiifiil rep- 
resentatives of the sons of New Lngland. ^Iii stat- 
ure he is fully six feet high and finely proportioneii. 

/rir'iy i Bj^^^ y ^ 



<^ Safe *, , .^ ^ *-'5,^.,-«v>*J<5><i^"'-* V*:-®v 

>JJ»>I*HWMI =- — ^^^^ — ^-^'^ - ' '. ^ -^rTTTTTTTrtr: 





Governor of lo\v;i f lom 1872 
to 1875, inclusive, was born 
in Susquehann.i C(^iint_y, Pa., 
Nov. 24, 1829. He was left 
^ an orphan at an early age, his 
ilP"' '5'^*^**^^ mother dying when he was at 
the age of ten years, and his father two 
He was left in destitute 
circumstancts, and went first to learn 
the trade of a clothier, wiiich, however, 
he abandoned after a few months, and 
engaged with a farmer, giving a term 
in the winter, however, to attendance 
upon the district school. AVhen eighteen 
he began teaching school, and the fol- 
lowing four j'cars divided his time between teach- 
ing and attending the academy at Hartford. At 
the conclusion of this period he. went to Ohio, 
where he engaged as a teacher for a j'ear and a 
half, spending the summer at farm work. 

In the year 1 854 Mr. Carpenter came further 
westward, visiting many points in Illinois and 
Iowa, arriving at Des Moines, then a village of 
some 1,200 inhabitants. This place, however, not 
offering a favorable location, he proceeded on his 
juurne}', arriving in Fort Dodge June 28, 18.54. 
Owing to his being without funds he was compelled 
to travel on foot, in which way the journey to Fort 
Dodge was made, with his entire worldly posses- 
sions in a carpet-sack which he carried in his hand. 
He soon found emijloyment at Fort Dodge, as as- 
sistant to a Guvuruiueut surveyor. This work be- 

ing completed, young Carpenter assisted his land- 
lord in cutting hay, but soon secured another 
position as a surveyor's assistant. In the early 
part of the following January he engaged in teach- 
ing school at Fort Dodge, but in the spring was 
employed to take charge of a set of surveyors in 
surveying the counties of Emmet and Kossuth. 

On his return to Fort Dodge he found the land- 
office, which had been established at that place, 
was about to open for the sale of land. Being 
familiar with the country and the location of tlie 
best land, he opened a private land-office, and 
found constant and profitable employment for the 
following three years, in platting and surveying 
lands for those seeking homes. During this period 
he became extensively known, and, being an active 
Republican, he was chosen as a standard-bearer for 
his section of the State. He was elected to the 
Legislature in the autumn of 18.57. In 18G1, on 
the breaking out of the Rebellion, he volunteered 
and was assip^ned to duty as Commissary of Sub- 
sistence, much of the time being Chief Commissary 
of the left wing of the IGth Army Corps. In 18(i 1 
lie was promoted Lieutenant-Colonel and assigned 
to duty on the staff of Gen. Logan, as Chief Com- 
missary of the 15tli Army Corps. He continued in 
the service until the close of the war, and iu 
August, 1865, was mustered out. 

Upon the close of his service to his country ho 
returned to his home at Fort Dodge, but, owing to 
so many changes which had taken place, and such 
an influx of cntcriwising men into the city, he 
found his once prosperous business in the hands of 

! jr. 


Dtlici-s. He turned his aUcution to the iiuprove- 
inent of a piece of ImiiiI, where he remained until 
'lis eloctiiin, in tlie unluinn of l.S(;(;, as Register of 
t!u! State Land-Ollirc. lie was le-eleeted in ISG.s, 
and refused the nomination in 1S70. This lX)sition 
look him to Des Moines, lint in 1870 he returned 
io Fort Dotlgc. During the summer of the follow- 
ing jear he was nominated by the Republican party 
for Governor. lie was elected, and inaugurated as 
Clu-f Executive of Iowa Jan. 11, 1S72. In 1873 
i!C was renominated by his party, and October 14 
jf that year was re-elected, his inauguration taking 
nlacc Jan. 27, 1874. Gov. Carpenter was an able, 
j)opular and faithful Executive, and was regarded 
as one of the most honest, prominent and luiselfish 
officials the State ever had. Plain, unassuming, 
nodest, he won his public position more through 
,he enthusiasm of his friends than by any personal 
effort or desire of his own. *Everywhere. at all 
times and upon all occasions, he demonstrated that 
the confidence of his friends was justified. He took 
an active part in the great question of monopolies 
Hud tr-ansportation evils, which during his adminis- 
tration were so prominent, doing 7nuch to secure 
wise legislation in these respects. 

Gov. Carpenter has been regarde<l as a pultlic 
speaker of more than ordinary ability, and has 
.ipon many occasions been the orator, and always 
appreciated by the people. 

At the expiration of his second term as Governor 
Mr. Caipenter was appointed Second Comptroller 
of the United Sbites Treasury, which position lie 
'csi^ned after a service of fifteen months. This 
step was an evidence of his unselfishness, as it was 
taken because another Bureau ofHcer was to be dis- 
missed, as it was held that Iowa had more heads of 
?>ureaus than she was entitled to, and liis resigning 
ni office of the higher grade saved the position to 
anothc:-. In 1881 he was elected to Congress, .and 
■served with ability, and in the Twentietli General 
Assembly of Iowa he represented Webster County. 

G< . Carpenter was married, in March, 18G4, to 
Miss Susan Ilurkholder, of Fort Dodge. No chil- 
dren have l)een born lo them, but they have reared 
a niece of l\Irs. Carpenter's. 

Dining hisenlire life Mr. Cariieiiter lias lieen de- 
oted to the i>riuciples of Reform aiul the best 

interests of all classes of citizens who, by adoutior. 
or by birth-right, are entitled to a home upon our 
soil and the protection of our laws, under the gi'eat 
charter of '• Life, Liberty and the I'ursuit of Ilai)- 
iJiness." In an address in I8.j2 he took advanced 
views ujKjn the leading subjects of public interest. 
He had already" laid the foundation for that love of 
freedom which afterwards found an amjile field of 
labor with the Re]iublican partj'. There was noth- 
ing chimerical in his views. H? looked at eveiy 
strata of human society, and, from the wants of the 
nuasses, wisely dcvined duty and proiihesied destiny, 
lie would have the peojile of a free Republic edu- 
cated in the spirit of the civilization of the> age. 
Instead of cultivating a taste f' ■ a s|)ecies of liter- 
ature tending directly to degrade the mind anil 
deprave the he:u-t, thereby leading back to a state 
of superstition and conseqnent barbarism, he Wi.uld 
cultivate principles of temperance, indiistiy and 
economy in every youtlifiil mind, .as the indispens- 
able ingredients of good citizens, or subjects upon 
whose banner will be inscribed Liberty, Equality. 

Thus early in life Mr. Carpenter saw the destined 
tendency of our American institutions, and the ad- 
vancing civilization of the age. He saw it in the 
peace congress, whose deliberations have made the 
Rhine thrice immortal. He saw it in the prospect- 
ive railway, which he believed would one day 
unite the shores of the Atlantic witii those of the 
Pacific — a fact realized by the construction of the 
great continental railwaj'. 

It was thus early that he began to stiid\- tlic 
wants of the world, and with what clearness am! 
directness may be seen by the correctness of ids 
vision and the accomplishment of what he consid- 
ered an inevitable necessity. 

Thus, growing up into manhood, and psissing on- 
ward in the rugged pathway of time, disc-ipliiied in 
political economy and civil ethics in tli(> stern 
scho(d of experience, he was jirepaivil to meet every 
emergency with a steady hand; to l)ring onler out 
of discord, and insure harmony and prosperity. 

Gov. Carpenter is now eng-aged in the quiet \iiir- 
suits of farm life, residing at Fort Dodge, where 
he is highly esteemed as one of her purest minded 
aud most upright citizens. 



niiitli Governor of Iowa, is 
n native of Pennsylvania. 
He CDines from tiiat excellent 
stoek known as the Friends, 
who very early settled in 
New Jersej'. Jijsluia G. is the 
son of Barzilla and Catherine 
(House) Newbold, and was horn 
in Faj-ette Count}-, May 12, 
lH:iO. He was born a farmer's 
hoy and was reared in the vigor- 
ous employment of farm work. 
When he was eight years of age the 
family moved to Westmoreland 
County, Pa., where, in the common 
schools and in a select school or academy, young 
>'ewbold received his education. When sixteen 
years of age he accompanied the family on their re- 
turn to Fayette County. Here for the following 
eight years he assisted his father in running a ttour- 
ing-mill as well as devoting nuuii of his time to 
teaching school. When about nineteen years of 
age our subject began the study of medicine, de- 
votir.g much of his time while teaching to his mcd- 
cal looks. He, however, abandoned the idea of 
iiecoming a physician and turned liis attention to 
diffei'ent walks in life. 

lu tlie mouth of .Marcii, 18;)4, Mr. Newbold re- 
moved to Iowa, locating on a farm, now partl_v in 
the corporation of Mount Pleasant, Henry County. 

At the end of one year he removed to Cedar 
Township, Van liuren County, there merchandising 
and farming till about IHOO, when he removed to 
Ilillsljoro, Henry County, and pursued the same 

In 1802, wlien the call was made for 000,000 men 
to finish the work of crushing the Rebellion, Mr. 
Newbold left his farm in the hands of his family 
and his store in charge of his partner, and went into 
the army as Captain of Company C, 2;jth Regiment 
of Iowa Infantr}'. He served nearh' three years, 
resigning just before the war closed, on account of 
disability. During the last two or three months he 
served at the South he filled the position of Judge 
Advocate, with headqu.arters at Woodville, Ala. 

His regiment was one of those that made Iowa 
troops famous. It arrived at Helena, Ark., in 
November, 1802, and sailed in December following 
on the expedition against Vicksburg by waj' of 
Chickasaw Bayou. At the latter place was its first 
engagement. Its second was at Arkansas Post, and 
there it suffered severely, losing in killed .and 
wounded more than sixty. 

After Lookout Mountain it joined in the pursuit 
of Bragg's flying forces to Ringgold, where it en- 
gaged the enemy in their strong works, No\'ember 
27, losing twenty-nine wounded. The following 
year it joined Sherman in his Atlanta Campaign, 
then on the famous march to the sea and through 
the Carolinas. 

On returning to Iowa he continued in the iner- 



cantile trailc at Ilillsboro for three or four years, 
and then sold out, giving thereafter his whole at- 
tention t(j agriculture, stock-raising and stock-deal- 
ing, making the stock department an important 
factor in his business for several years. Mr. Jsew- 
bold was a member of the 13th, 14th and loth Gen- 
eral Assemblies, representing Henry County, and 
was Chairman of the .School Committee in the 14th, 
and of the committee on ajiprojjriations in the loth 
Genci'al Assembly. In the l.utli (1874) he was tem- 
porary Sjjeakcr during the deadlock in organizing 
the House. In 1875 he was elected Lieutenant 
Governor on the Republican ticket with Samuel J. 

His Democratic competitor was E. D. AVoodward, 
who received i)3,0G0 votes. Mr. Newbold received 
134, KJG, or a majority of 31,106. Governor Kirk- 
wood being elected United States Senator during 
that session, Mr. Newbold became Governor, taking 
the chair Feb. 1, 1877, and vacating it for Gov. 
Gear in Jamiarj-, 1878. 

Gov. Newbold's message to the Legislature 
in 1878, shows painstaking care and a clear, busi- 
ness-like view of the interests of the State. His 
recommendations were carefully considered and 
largely adopted. The State's finances were then in 
a less creditable condition than ever before or 
since, as there was an increasing floating debt, then 
anxninting to |340,82G..')G, more than S!)n,nO0 in 
excess of the Constitutional limitation. Said (4ov. 
Newbold in his message: "The commonwealth 
ought not to set an example of dilatoriness 
in meeting its obligations. Of all forms of indebt- 
edness, that of a floating character is the most ob- 
jectionable. Tlje uncertainty as to its amount will 

invariably- enter into any computation made l)j- per- 
sons contracting with the State for supplies, mater- 
ial or labor. To remove the present ditliculty, and 
to avert its recurrence, I look upon as the most im- 
portant work that will demand your attention." 

One of the greatest problems before statesmen is 
that of equal and just taxation. The following 
recommendation shows that Gov. Newbold was 
abreast with foremost thinkers, for it j)roposes a 
step which yearl}' finds more favor with the people : 
" The inequalities of the personal-property vahi- 
ations of the several counties suggest to my mind 
the propriety of so adjusting the State's levy as to 
recpiire the counties to paj- into the State treasury 
only the tax on realty, leaving the corresponding- 
tax on personalty in the county treasury. This 
would rest with each county the adjustment of its 
own personal property valuations, without fear that 
they might be so high as to work injustice to itself 
in comparison with other counties." 

Gov. Newbold has always affiliated with tlie 
Republican party, and holds to its great cardinal 
doctrines, having once emliraced them, with the 
same sincerity and honesty that he cherishes his re- 
ligious sentimeuts. He has been a Christian for 
something like twenty-five years, his connection be- 
ing with the Free-Will Baptist Church. He found 
his wife, Rjichel Farquhar, in Fayette Count}', Pa., 
their union taking place on the 2d of Ma}', 18o0. 
They have had five children and lost two. The 
names of the living are Mary Allene, Emma 
Irene and (ieorge C. 

The Governor is not yet an <>M lunn. and may 
serve his State or county iu utlier capacities in llie 
coming j'ears. 



GO^'ER^'01lS OF IOWA. 


-<5"-v:S";Tc~'fr— '^'*>— *^ 

OHN II. GKAR, the tenth 
'ij^ gentleniiiu to occupy the 
Executive Chair of Iowa, is 
still a resident of Burlington. 
He is a native of the Empire 
State, where in the city of 
Itliica, April 7, 1 825, he was l>orn. 
Rev. E. G. Goal, his father, was 
born in New London, Conn., in 
1 7!)2, and licc.anie a distinguished 
clergyman of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church. His family had 
removed with him, wliile he was 
still young, to Pittsfield, Mass., and 
in the year 181G, after his ordina- 
tion as a clergyman of the Episco- 
pal Church, he went to New York 
and located at Onondaga Hill near 
■] the city of Syracuse. Shortly after 
this settlement, the young minister 
was unileil in marriage with jNIiss 
Jliranda E. Cook. After serving 
various c<mgregati(ms in "Western 
New York for many j'cars, he de- 
termined to liecome a pioneer in 
Noi'Uiern Illiiinis, whicli at the time, in the year 
ls;it'i, was lieing rapidly settled u[>. lie found a 
desiralile location at (Jalena where he remained un- 
til 1 s;is, when he received the ap[)iiiMtment as 
Chai)lain in the United States army while located 
;',t Fort Snelling, .Aliim. He lived a long ami act- 
ive life, doMig much good, quitting his labors in 

the year 1874, at the advanced .age of eighty-two 

The only son born to IMr. and Sirs. E. Ci. Gear 
was J. II., afterward the distinguished Governor of 
Iowa. As above stated the birth occurred in 182.5. 
In 1 8 K3, wlun still a young man, he came "West to 
IJurliiigton, where he has since continued to reside, 
her most distinguished citizen. Shortly after his 
arrival in the 3-oung citj', he embarked in his mer- 
cantile career, engaging at the time with the firm 
of IJridgman & Bros., in the capacity of a clerk. 
Remaining with this linn for a little over a year, 
he left them for an engagement with "W. F. Cool- 
baugh, who at one time was President of the 
Union Nation.-d Bank, of Chicago, and who at that 
early period was the leading merchant of Eastern 
Iowa. He served Mr. Coolbaugh so faithfully, and 
with such marked ability for the following five 
years, that, when desirous of a partner in his busi- 
ness, the wealthy merchant could liud no one in 
whom he could place greater confidein-e and with 
whom he could trust his extensive business rela- 
tions that pleased him better than the young clerk. 
Accordingly he was associated . as a partner under 
the firm name of W. F. Coolbaugh & Co. Under 
this arrangement the firm did a, prosperous busi- 
ness for the following five years, when ]Mr. Gear 
l)urchased the entire business, which he cMrrie<l on 
with marked success until he became known as the 
oldest wholesale grocer in the State. He 's at present, 
besides filling other jirominent business I'elations, 
President of the Rolling Mill Co., of Galesburr 



Mr.Gcar has been honored b}- his ft'Uow-citizens 
witli iiinny positions of trust. In 18.52 he was 
elected Alderman; in 18G3 was elected Mayor 
over A. W. Carpenter, being the first Republican 
ui) to tliat time who had been elected in Burlington 
on a party issue. In 1807 the Burlington, Cedar 
Rapids & Minnesota Railroad Company was organ- 
ized, an<l he was chosen as its President. His ef- 
forts highly contributed to the success of the enter- 
l)rise, which did much for Burlington. He was 
.i!so active in promoting the Burlington & South- 
western Railway, as well as the Burlington & North- 
western narrow-gauge rf)ad. 

He always acted with the Republican partj', 
and in 1871 was nominated and elected a member 
of the House of Representatives of the 14th 
General Assembly. In 1873 he was elected to the 
15th General Assembly. The Republican cau- 
cus of the House nominated him for Speaker by 
acclnuiatioH, and after a contest of two weeks he 
wr.'; chosen over his c)pponent, .1. W. Dixon. He 
flUed the position of Speaker very acceptably, and 
at the close of the session all the members of the 
House, independent of party affiliations, joined in 
ciguing their names to a resolution of thanks, which 
was engraved and presejited to him. In 187o he 
was the third time nominated to the Asseniblj- liy 
the Republican party, and while his county gave a 
large Democratic vote he was again elected. He 
was also again nominated for Speaker Ijy the Re- 
pulilii^an caucus, and was elected by a handsome 
majority over his competitor, Hon. .Tohn Y. Stone. 
He is the only man in the State who ever had the 
lionor of being chosen to this high i)osition a sec- 
ond time. He enjoys the reputation of being an 
al)le parliamentarian, his rulings never having lieen 
"apijcaled from. At the close of the session he 
again received the unanimous thanks of the House 
of Re|)resentatiyes for his courtesy and impartiality, 
and for the alile and satisfactory manner in which 
he iiail presided over that body. 

In 1.S77 he was nominated for Governor by the 
Rei>ulilican convention which met at Des Moines, 
June 28, and .at tiie election held the following 
October he received 121, f)!!) votes, against 79,353 
Uji' John r. Irish, 10,(;;i'J for Elias Jessup and 38,- 
V2(? for D. P, Stubbs, His jjlurality over Irish 

was 42,103. He wsis inaugurated ,Tan. 17, 1878, 
and served four years, being re-elected in 1879 by 
the following handsome vote: Gear, 157,571 
Trimble, 85,050: Campbell, 45,439; Dungan, 3,258. 
Gear's majority over all competitors, 23,828. His 
second inauguration occurred in January of tim 
j'car 1880. 

Gov. Gear's business habits enabled him to dis 
charge the duties of his office with marked ;ibir y 
He found the financial C(jndition of the State ;it : 
low ebb, but raised Iowa's credit to that of the 
best of our States. In his hist biennial message he 
was able to report: "The warrants out-standing, 
but not bearing interest, Sept. 30, 1881, amounted 
to ^22,093. 74, and there are now in the treasury 
ample funds to meet the current expenses of the 
State. The war and defense debt has been paid, 
except the warrants for *1 25,000 negotiated by the 
Executive, Auditor and Treasurer, under the law 
of the 18th General Assembly, and ^-IJM) ot 
the original bonds not j-et presented for pay- 
ment. The only other debt owing ]»j' the State 
amounts to 1245,435.19, due to the permanent 
school fund, a portion of which is made irredeom 
.able by the Constitution. These facts place Iowa 
practically' among the States which have no debt, 
a consideration which must add much to her repu 
tation. The expenses of the State for the last tw'> 
years are less than those of any other period since 
18G9, and this notwithstanding the fact that the 
State is to-day sustaining several institutions not 
then in existence; namely, the hospital at Inde- 
pendence, tiie additional penitentiary, the Normal 
School and the asylum fur tlie fceble-minde<l chil- 
(h'eu, besides the girl's de|>artmcnt of the reform 
school. The State also, ;it [)resent, makes provi-iou 
for fish culture, for a useful weather service, fo 
sanitary supervision by a Board of Health, furcu 
couraging immigration to the State, for the inspeo 
tion of coal mines l)y a State Inspector, and liber- 
ally for the military arm of the Goveriunent." 

Gov. t;ear is now in the sixty-first year of his 
age, and is in the full vigor of both his mental and 
ph3-sical faculties. He was married in 1.S52 to 
Harriet S. Foot, forim'riy of the town of Jliddle- 
bury, Vermont, by whuia he has had four children 
two of whom are living. 



^^=»— .^a.*.1> >a?^ 

r^^ '' »l^ =! • .t. .t. Ar;t..t, .t^A,.t..>.t. ,fe*,i^„t„.fe.T-tofc*>*fe^ 

Jpj'^SW-^^ ■•->5=^ 


rNF] of llie most distiiiguislR'fl 
gentk'UU'ii who was ever 
honored with the jiositiou 
of Chief Exeeutive of tlie 
State is Biiren R. Sherman, 
the eleventh fiovernor of 
Iowa, who is a native of New York. 
It was in the town of Phelps, in On- 
tario Countj', that he was born to his 
parents, Phincas L. and Eveline 
(Robinson) Sherman, on the 2.stli of 
Ma}', 1836, and was the third son of 
a distinguished family of children. 
His parents were likewise n.atives of 
the P^mpirc State. Bureii R. attended the public 
schools of his neighborhood, but was subsequently 
given advantages of the schools at Almirn, N. Y.. 
where he acquired a very thorough knowledge of 
the English branches. His father, who was a me- 
ch.anic, advised him at the close of his studies to 
apprentice liimself to learn some trade. He ac- 
cordingly made such arrangements with S. Ayers, of 
Almira, to lear-i tiie trade of a watchmaker. In 
18.5.5, however, he left this position and joincil liis 
family on their r<'m<i\:d in tlic tlicn nen- State of 
Iowa. They settled upon ;i piece of unlir(!!:en prai- 
rie land on what is now Geneseo lownship, Tama 

County, his father having previon.>ily purchased 
land from tlie G(jvernment. Here li'.uen R. labored 
diligently in de\'el(ipiiig his fatlier's fields, devoting, 
however, leisure hours "whiclihe was granted, to the 
study of law. Before leaving his Eastern home he 
liad decided upon that ])rofessi<in and began its 
study while yet in Ahuira. lie soon secured a po- 
sition as a book-lveei)er in ,a. neiglilioring town, and 
with the wages earned there, materially assisted hi:- 
father in the development of their home farm. Ir. 
the meantime he liad applied iiimself diligently tr 
the study of his books. an<l so studious had hi 
Ijcen that in the summer of 1 Js.JK, he was enabled 
to ))ass a creditable examination and to be admitted 
to the liar. The following s|irnig tlie young attor- 
ney moved to ^ intou, liung out his shingle and be- 
gan the jiractice of his |)rofessi< m. He was associated 
with Hon. ^\'illiam Sniytii, formerly District Judge, 
and J. C. Traer, under the firm name of Smyth. 
Traer &• Sherman. The new firm ra[)idlygrew into 
prominence, building up :i pros|)erons ])ractiee, 
when JNIr. Sherman withdrew to tender his .services 
to the Government in defense of her integrity and 

It was early in I SC 1 , directly after the enemy 
assaulted the American (lag on Snmter, that the 
young attorney enlisted in Co. G, 1 3th Iowa Vol. 


iuf.. and iinmediati'ly went to the front. lie 
cnteiiil !li<' scivit-e as Secuiul .Sergeant, and in 
FcliruMr\, li"*f!2. wa.s made .Second Lieutenant of 
Coinpany E. On tlie (Itli of Ai)ril fi>llo\ving lie was 
i^ery seveicl y wounded at the liattle of rittsbiirgh 
I.andhig. and while in the hosjiital was jn'oniotedto 
the rank of Captain, lie returned to his eonipany 
while yet ol)Iiged to use iiis erutehes, and remained 
(Ml duty till the summer of 1«(;;5, when, by reason of 
his wound, he was eoniueiled to resign and return 
home. Soon after returning from the arm^^ he was 
elected Coriuty .Tudge of Benton County, and re- 
elected without oijposition in IsGo. In the autumn 
of 1S(;6 he resigned his judgeship and .-iceepted the 
office of Clerk of the District Court, to which he 
was re-elected in 1H0«, 1.S70 and 187-2, and in 
IXceiuher, 1M74, resigned in order to accept the 
ofii.-e of Auditor of State, to whicii ollice he had 
l)ceii elected by a majority of :iH,42.J over J. M. 
King, the " anti-inonopoly " candidate. In 1S7(J he 
was renominated and received ;">(), 272 more votes 
than W. (irownewcg (Democrat) and Leonard 
f'rowne ((Greenback) togetle'r. In ls7,s ho was 
again chcisen to represent the Iie|inlilican party 
in that office, and this time received a major- 
i'.V of 7,1 til over the coniliined votes of Col. 
fjlioeck ( Democrat) and ( i. \'. Swearen;icr (tlreen- 
hack). In the six years that he held this o/lice, he untiring in his I'aitlil'nl :ipplication to rou.tine 
woi-k and devotion to his special sliaiv v)f the State's 
iiusiness. He retii'ed with such an enviable record 
tiiat it was with no s\n'prise the people learned, 
.lime 27, 1881, that he was the nominee of the Ile- 
pubiican party for Go verm u-. 

The campaign was an exciting one. The (General 
As.senibly had submitted to the people the prohibi- 
tory amendment to the Constitution. This, while 
not a partisan question, became iip|ierniost in the 
mind of the ixifilic. Mr. Shennaii received 133,- 
330 vt)tes, against .s.!.2 I I for Kinne and 28,112 for 
1). M. Clark, or a phir.ility of r)0,08G and a major- 
ity of 21,1171. In 1883 he was re-nominated liy 
the lieiniblicans, as well as L. (i. Kinne bj' the 
. Democrats. The National |)arty offered J. B. 
Weaver. During the camiiaign these eandidatis 
iield a number of joint discussions at different 
points in the State. At the election the vote was: 

Sherman, KM, 182; Kinne. 1 39,093 • AVeaver, 23,. 
089; Sherman's plurality, 25,089 ; majority. 2,000 
In his second inaugural Gov. Sherman saiil : 

" In assuining, for the second time, the office oi 
(liief Magistrate for the State, 1 fully realize n>y 
grateful obligations to the peo|)le of k)wa, through 
whose generous confidence T am here. I ;;m aware 
of the duties and grave responsibilities of this ex- 
alted position, and ;is well what is expected of me 
therein. As in the past I have given my undivided 
time and serious attenticm thereto, so in the future 
I promise the most earnest devotion and untiring 
efl'<)rt in the faithful performance of mj' ollicial re- 
qiiii-cmcnts. I have seen the State grow from in- 
fancy to mature manhood, and each year one of 
substantial betterment of its previous position. 

" With more railroads than any State, save two; 
with a school interest the grandest and strongest, 
v.hicli commands the supiiori and conhiit nee of all 
the peoi)le, .and a population, which in its entirety 
is superior to any other in the sisterhood, it is 
not strange the jiride which attaches to our i>eoi)le. 
When we remenilier that the results of oiii- effort.- iu 
the direction of good government have been 
crowned v.itli such magnificent success, and to-day 
we have a Slate in most jierfect piiysicai and liiian- 
cial condition, no woiuier our hearts swell in honest 
pride as we contemplate the past and so confidently 
lio|)c for tlie future. What we may become de- 
pends on our own efforts, and to that future I hiok 
with earnest and abiding confidence." 

Gov. Sherman's term of oflice continued until 
14, 188(5, when he was succeeded by AVilliain Lana- 
bee, and ho is now, temporarily, perhaps, enjoying 
a well-earned rest. He has been a Republican since 
the organization of that piiity, and his services as a 
campaign speaker have been for many years in 
great demand. As an oi'licer he has been able to 
make an enviable record. Himself honoi'able and 
thorough, his management of public business has 
been of the same character, and such as has coin- 
mended him to the approval of his fellow-citizens. 

He was married, Aug. 20. 18(12. to Miss Lena 
Kendall, of Vinton, Jowa, a young lad> of r.iie ae- 
omplishmeuts and strength of character. Their 
union Ins lieen h.ippy in every resiii-ct. Tlicy have 
two children — Lena Kendall and Oscar Kugeue. 





^ o<^ 


piosont able Governor of 
Iowa, and the twelfth gen- 
tj^ tleinan selected by the 
people as the Chief Magis- 
trate of the great Com- 
monwealth, is a native of 
Connecticnt. His ancestors 
were among the French Ilnguenots who 
came to America earl^y in the seventeenth 
century and located in Connecticnt. At 
that time they bore the name of d'Larra- 
bee. Adam Larrabee, the father of "Will- 
iam, was born March 14, 1787, and was 
one of the early graduates of the West 
Point Military Academy. He served his 
country during the War of 1812, with distinction, 
iujlilingthe i)osition of Second Lieutenant, to which 
he was commissioned ]March 1, 1811. Ho was pro- 
moted to the Captaincj- of his company Feb. 1, 
If-'l I, and on the 30th of the following March, at 
the bailie of Lacole Mills, during Gen. AVilkinson's 
cami>aign on the Saint I/ivvrence River, he was 
severely wounded in the Inug. He eventuallj' re- 
covered from the injury and was united in mar- 
riage to Hannah C<. Ei'ster. This much esteenu'd 
lady \v!is born June ;3, 1 7'.)8. and died on the loth jf 
March, 1837. C'apt. Larrabee lived to an ad- 
vanced age, djdng in 18G'J, at the age of eighty- 
two years. 

As above mentioned, William, our subject, was 

born in Connecticat, the town of Leil3'ard lieing 
the place of his birth and Jan, 20, 1 832, tlie date. 
He was the seventh child in a family- of nine chil- 
dren, and passed the early j-ears of his life upon a 
rugged Now England farm, enjoying verj' meager 
educational advantages. He attended, during the 
winter seasons, the neighboring district schools 
until he reached the age of nineteen 3'ears, when, 
during the following two winters, he filled llie i)o>i- 
tion of schoolmaster. He was ambitious to do 
something in life for himself that would bi-ing fort- 
une and distinction, but in making his plans for the 
future he was embarrassed by a misfortune which 
befell him when fourteen years of age. In being- 
trained to the use of firearms under liis father's 
direction, an accidental discharge resulted in the 
loss of the sight in the right c3-e. This conse- 
quently unfitted him for many emploj'ments usually 
sought by ambitious j'oung men. The family 
Jived near the seashore, only two miles away, and 
in that neighborhood it was the custom for at least 
one son in each familj' to go uijon the sea as a 
sailor. The two eldest brothers of our subject had 
chosen this occupation while the third reniainc^d iu 
charge of the home farm. William was thus left 
free to chose for himstilf an<l, like many of tlic 
vouths of that daj', he wisely tuiiied his face West- 
Wiird. The j'ear 1853 found him on this journc}" 
toward the setting sun, stopping only when he 
came to the broad and fertile ])rairies of the new 
State of Iowa. He first joined his eldi'r sifter. Mr-. 



E. II. Williams, who was at that time living at 
Garnavillo, (.'laytoii County. It w:i.s this circum- 
stance which led the young lioy from Connecticut 
to select his future home in the northeastern por- 
tion of Iowa. He resumed his occupation as a 
pedagogue, teaching, however, hut one winter, 
which was jiassed at Ilardln. The following three 
i'ears he was employed in the capacity of foreman 
on the Grand Meadow farm of his brother-in-law, 
Judge Williams. 

In 1857 he bought a one-third interest in the 
Clermont Mills, and located at Clermont, Fayette 
County-. He soon was aljle to buy the other two- 
thirds, and within a year found himself sole owner. 
He operated this mill until 1^7 1 when he sold to 
S. M. Leach. On the breaking out of the war he 
offered to enlist, but was rejected on account of 
the loss of his right eye. Being informed he might 
possibly be admitted as a commissioned officer, he 
raised a com|)any and received a commission as 
First Lieutenant, but was again rejected for the 
same disability. 

After selling the mill ^Mr. Larrabee devoted him- 
self to farming, and started a private bank at Cler- 
mont. He also, exi)eriinentally, started a large 
nursery, but this resulted only in confirming the 
belief that Northern Iowa has too rigorous a cli- 
mate for fruit-raising. 

Mr. Larrabee did not begin his political career 
until I8C7. lie was reared as a Whig and became 
a Republican on the organization of that party. 
While interested in politics he generallj- refused 
local olBces, serving only as Treasurer of the 
School Board prior to 18G7. In the autumn of 
that year, on the Republican ticket, he was elected 
to represent his county in the State Senate. To 
this high position he was re-elected from time to 
time, so that he served as Senator continuously for 
eighteen years before being promoted to the high- 
est office in the State. He was so popular at home 
that he was generallj- re-nominated by acclamation, 
and for some j'ears the Democrats did not even 

make nominations. During the whole eighteen 
years Senator Larrabee was a member of the prin- 
cipal committee, that on Ways and Means, of which 
he was generally Chairman, and was also a member 
of (itlier committees. In the pursuit of the duties 
thus devolving upon him, he was indefatigable. 
It is said that he never missed a committee meet 
ing. Not alone in this, but in iirivate and public 
l)usiness of all kinds, his uniform habit is that of application to work. Many of the importan\ 
measures passed by the Legislature (^we their ex- 
istence or present form to him. 

He a candidate for the gul)ernatorial nomina- 
tion in 1881, but entered the contest too late, as 
Gov. Sherman's following had ln'cn successfully 
organized. In 18,s.") it generally <-oiiceded be- 
fore the meeting of the convention that he wouhl 
be nominated, which he was, and his election fol- 
lowed as a matter of course. He was inaugurated 
Jan. 14, 188G, and so far has ma<le an excellent 
Governor. His position in regard to the licpmr 
(piestion, that on which political foitunes are made 
and lost in Iowa, is that the majority should rule. 
He was personally in favor of high license, but 
having been elected Governor, and sworn to up- 
hold the Constitution and execute the laws, he pro- 
poses to do so. 

A Senator who sat beside him in the Senate de 
clares him to be ''a man of the broadest comjire- 
hension and inf^)rniation, an extraordinarily cU-ar 
reasoner, fair and conscientious in his conclusions, 
and of .Sp.artaii firmness in his matured judgment," 
and .says that '-he brings the practical facts and 
philosophy of human nature, the science and his- 
tory of law, to ai<l in his decisions, and adheres Avith 
the earnestness of Jefferson and Sumner to the 
fundamental principles of the people's rights." 

Gov. Larrabee married Sejjt. 1 2, 1 M(J 1 , :it Cler- 
mont, to Anna M. Appelman, daughter of Capt. 
G. A. Appelman. (Inv. Larrabee has seven chil- 
dren — Charles, Augusta, Julia, Anna, William,, 
Frederic and Helen. 







^ fcl'yj?J>r-,^ 


"i' . t.i..t„.tA.t,.t,,t«.tt.T.iJ.,.f.>«t .A -'i;' I 


{ACE BOIES, Oovernor 
jf Iowa, is a lawyer by 
profession, and a resident 
of the city of Waterloo, 
of this State, where he 
has been in active prac- 
tice since April, 18G7. Governor 
Boies is a son of Elicr and Hettie 
(Henshaw) Boies, and was born in 
Anrora, Erie County, N. Y.,on the 
7th day of December, 1827. His 
father was a farmer by occupation, 
and in moderate circumstances, and 
Horace was reared under the 
healthful and moral influences of 
lie attended tlie public scliools, as op- 
portunity afforded, until sixteen years of age, when 
being inspired with an ambition to see more of the 
world than had been possible for him within tiio 
narrow limits of his native town, with the added 
variety of an occasional visit to Buffalo, he per- 
suaded his parents to consent to his departure for 
the West. Passage was secured on a steamer at 
Buffalo, which was bound up the lakes, and in due 
linio he landed at tiie little handi-t of Racine, Wis. 
This in the spring of 1813, while Wisconsin 

farm life. 

was a Territory and butsparselj' settled. The total 
cash assets of tiie youthful emigrant amounted to 
but seventy-five cents, which necessitated strict 
economy and immediate employment. Not finding 
a favorable opening at Racine he struck out on 
foot in search of work among the farmers, which 
he secured with a settler near Rochester, and some 
twenty miles from Racine. His ein[)loyer proved 
a hard task-master and kept the lioy hard at tiie la- 
borious work of ditch digging, while he stinted 
him at meals. After a month spent in a lialf- 
starved condition, and over-worked, tiie subject of 
our sketch received tin; sum of ¥10 for his services, 
and broken down in hcaltli. mo^«ed on a few^ miles, 
where he luckily fell in witli a family that had 
moved from tlie ucigliliorhood of his home. Tliey 
proved true friends and kindly cared for iiira 
through a long illness, that was the legitimate con- 
sequence of his previous month of hardship and 

On recovering his liealtli, young Boies continued 
at farm work until a year liad claiised since he had 
left his home. He then returneil to his native 
town, having learned tlie useful lesson of self-re- 
liance, which in after years enabled him to more 
easily overcome llie difficulties that beset the way 



of him who has to hew out his own road to success. 

On his return to Aurora, Mr. Boies pursued a 
course of study at the Aurora Academy, and later 
spent one winter in teaching scliool in Boone 
County, 111. Returning to New York, he was mar- 
ried in Aurora, on the 18th of April, 1848, to Miss 
Adela King, a daughter of Darius and Hannah 
King. Mrs. Boies was horn in Eric Count}-, N. Y. 
Three children were horn of their union, of whom 
onl3' one is now living, a daughter, Adela, who was 
the wife of John W. Carson, now deceased. Mrs. 
Carson resides atMt. Vernon, Iowa. 

In i850 Mr. Boies began the study of law in Au- 
rora and {)ursued it in tliat place and also in Bos- 
ton, of Erie County; and was admitted to the bar 
at Buffalo, at the general term of the Supreme 
Court in November, 1852. He pursued the prac- 
tice of his profession in Buffalo and vicinity with 
marked success, and in the fall of 18.57 was chosen 
to represent his district in the New York House of 
Representatives, for the session of 18.58. 

In the autumn of 185.5 Mr. Boies was called to 
mourn the loss of his wife, who died in November, 
of that year. He was married again in December, 
1858, in Waterloo, Iowa, to Miss Versalia M. Bar- 
ber, a daughter of Dr. P. .T. Barlier. Mrs. Boies 
was born in Boston, Erie County, N. Y., and had 
removed to Iowa six months \mor to her marriage. 
Siie died in April, 1877, leaving three children, a 
daugliter and two sons. Earl L., the eldest, was 
graduated at Cornell College, studied law wilii his 
f.itiier, was admitted to the bar in 1886, and is now 
his father's partner. Jessie, the only daughter, is 
her father's companion and housekeeper. Herbert 
B., tiie youngest, is a law student, reading law in 
his father's office. 

Mv. Boies after pursuing the pr.actice of his pro- 
fession at Buffalo and vicinity for fifteen years, re- 
moved to Iowa, and settled at Waterloo, in April, 
I8G7. He at once formed a law partnership with II. 
B. Allen, and for a time the firm was Boies & Allen, 
then Carlton F. Coucli, tiio present district judge, 
was admitted to membership, and the linn name be- 
came Boies, Allen & Coucli. That connection was 
continued until 1878, when JMr. Allen, on account of 
failing liealth, was obliged to withdraw. The firm 
continued under llie style of Boies it Couch until 

1884, when Mr. Coucli was elected Judge of the 
Ninth Judicial District. Mr. Boies was then alone 
in business for a short time, until joined by his 
eldest son, E. L.* In 1886 Mr. James L. Husted 
was admitted to membership in the firm, which lias 
since continued under the name of Boies, Husted 
& Boies, and which is widely known as a leading 
law firm of P^astern Iowa. 

Gov. Boies was a Whig in earlj- life, and on the 
disruption of that party and the formation of the 
Republican party, he joined the latter. But he was 
never ambitious to serve in official positions, and 
with the exception of one term in the New York 
Legislature and one term as City Attorney at Wa- 
terloo, he held no office of consequence until elected 
Governor of Iowa in the fall of 1889. He main- 
tained his connection with the Republican party 
until 1882, since which time he has affiliated with 
the Democrats. Gov. Boies enjoj's the distinction 
of being the first Governor of Iowa elected by the 
Democratic party for a period of thirty-five years, 
and was the only successful candidate of his party 
on the State ticket at the late election. Consider- 
ing the fact that the State was carried the j'ear jire- 
vious in the Presidential election, by a majority of 
thirty-five thousand in favor of the Republicans, 
the success of Gov. Boies may be said to have been 
a marked compliment to him as a man and a leader, 
without disparaging the splendid campaign work of 
his party managers, or ignoring the effect of the evi- 
dent change in popular political sentiment in Iowa. 

As a lawyer, Gov. Boies has won prominence by 
his ability and well-grounded knowledge of law, 
an earnest and conscientious regard for the inter- 
ests of his clients, and the confidence and respect 
he never fails to command in addressing the court 
or jury. His life has lieeii a bus}' one, and success 
has been achieved by indefatigable industry, close 
study, and strict integrity of character. He is not 
a politician in the common acceptation of the term, 
and tlie nomination for Governor came tn iiiiii un- 
sought and was onl}' accepted through a sense of 
duty to the partj- with whose principles he was in 
close sympathy. He enters upon the discharge of 
his official duties under i)eculiar circumstances, but 
with the confiilencc c)f all i)arlies tliat his adminis- 
tr:"tion will be able, honest and fair. 



Polk County. 






'^vJHE time has arrived when it 
becomes the duty of the 
people of this county to per- 
petuate the names of their 
pioneers, to furnish a record 
of their early settlement, 
and relate the story of their 
progress. The civilization of our 
the enlightenment of the age 
and the duty that men of the pres- 
ent time owe to their ancestors, to 
themselves and to their posterity, 
demand that a record of their lives 
and deeds should be made. In bio- 
graphical history is found a power 
to instruct man by precedent, to 
enliven the mental faculties, and 
to waft down the river of time a 
safe vessel in whicli the names and actions of the 
people who contributed to raise this country from its 
primitive state may be preserved. Surely and rapidly 
the great and aged men, who in their jirime entered 
tlie wilderness and claimed the virgin soil as their 
heritage, are passing to their graves. The number re- 
maining who can relate the incidents of the first days 
ii settlement is becoming small indeed, so that an 
actual necessity exists for the collection and preser- 
vation of events without delay, before all the early 
settlers are cut down by the scythe of Time. 

To be forgotten has been the great dread of mankind 
from remotest ages. All will be forgotten soon enough, 
in spite of their best works and the most earnest 
efforts of their friends to perserve the memory of 
their lives. The means employed to prevent oblivion 
and to perpetuate their memory has been in pro|]or- 
tion ^to the amount of intelligence they possessed. 
Th-i pyramids of Kgypt were built to perpetuate the 
names and deeds of their great rulers. The exhu- 
mations made by the archeologists of Egypt from 
buried Memphis indicate a desire of those people 

to perpetuate the memory of their achievements. 
The erection of the great obelisks were for the same 
purpose. Coming down to a later period, we find the 
Greeks and Romans erecting mausoleums and monu- 
ments, and carving out statues to chronicle their 
great achievements and carry them down the ages. 
It is also evident that the Mound-builders, in piling 
up their great mounds of earth, had but this idea — 
to leave something to show that they had lived. All 
these works, though many of them costly in the ex- 
treme, give but a faint idea of the lives and charac- 
ters of those whose memory they were intended to 
perpetuate, and scarcely anything of the masses of 
the people that then lived. The great pyramids and 
some of the obelisks remain objects only of curiosity; 
the mausoleums, monuments and statues are crum- 
bling into dust. 

It was left to modern ages to establish an intelli- 
gent, undecaying, immutable method of perpetuating 
a full history — immutable in that it is almost un- 
limited in extent and perpetual in its action ; and 
this is through the art of printing. 

To the present generation, however, we are in- 
debted for the introduction of the admirable system 
of local biography. By this system every man, though 
he has not achieved what the world calls greatness, 
has the means to perpetuate his life, his history, 
through the coming ages.^ 

The scythe of Time cuts down all ; nothing of the 
physical man is left. The monument which his chil- 
dren or friends may erect to his memory in the ceme- 
tery will crumble into dust and pass away; but his 
life, his achievements, the work he has accomplished, 
which otherwise would be forgotten, is perpetuated 
by a record of this kind. 

To preserve the lineaments of our companions we 
engrave their portraits, for the same reason we col- 
lect the attainable facts of their history. Nor do we 
thir.k it necessary, as wc speak only truth of them, to 
wait tnitil they are dead, or until those who know 
them are gone : to do this we are ashamed only to 
publish to the world the history of those whose lives 
are unworthy of public record. 

■s ► — ;' =^ 








HAM .lOHDAN, a por- 
trait of whom appears on 
the opposite page, is one 
of tlie most [irominent 
pioneers of Poli< Countj-, 
jc^ Iowa, wlio is still a resilient of 
J^ W-ilnut Township, living in the 
(3-vP|^5J/3 spot where he (irst pitehed his tent 

in September, I846,anci deserves es- 
pecial mention in this volume. He 
was born in Harrison County, Va., 
on the 4th of March, 1813. and is a 
son of John and Agnes (Cunning- 
ham) Jordan, who were also natives 
of the Old Dominion. His family dates its settle- 
ment in Virginia back to early Colonial times. 
George .lordan, the grandfather of our subject, was 
there born and participated in the War of the 
Revolution. Soon after the Colonists had achieved 
independence he removed with a portion of his 
family to the wilds of Illinois, about 1785, and set- 
tled on the Okaw River, near where the city of 
Vandalia now stands. He was indeed a pioneer of 
the \\'csr, iiaving l)een one of the first white settlers 
to locate in tiie Mississippi Valley. 

John .Jordan, his only son, was born in Harrison 
County, Va., and made farming his principal occu- 
pation. He wedded Miss Cunningham, and when 
our subject was three years old removed with his 
family to Randol|)h (]ount}% W. Va., and thence a 
few j'ears later went to Greenbriar County. 

James Jordan passed his early life in the usual 
routine of farm labor and in the district schools of 
the neighborhood acquired his education. He had 
almost reached man's estate when the family' re- 
moved to Fayette County, Va., and was twentj' 
years of age vvhen he (miigrated to the Territory of 
Michigan, settling near Niles, where he was en- 
gaged in farming and trading. Four years later, 
while }"ct a resident of Michigan, he was married in 
1837, to Miss Melinda Pitman, a native of Knox 
Countj% Ohio, and a daughter of Benjamin and 
Jemima Pitman. Six children were born of their 
union — ^Benjamin P. wedded iMiss Mary Haines, 
and is engaged in the grocery business in the vil- 
lage of Commerce, Polk County; Emil\- Agnes is 
the wife of George P. Hanawalt, a leading physi- 
cian and surgeon of Des Moines; Henry Clay, 
the present Postmaster of Gilniore Cit}', Iowa, 
married Miss Alice Warner; (Henry C. Jordan 
enlisted in tiic (iovernraent service in Company A, 



Tvvciity-thirtl lona Infantry, in 1862, for three 
years; after two years of service, during wliicli time 
he i)articipatecl in many hard-fought battles — siege 
of Vicksburg, Champion Hills, and other imi)or- 
tant and sanguinary' engagements, he was appointed 
cadet to West Point as a reward for meritorious 
conduct while in the service). .John Q. is sin- 
gle and resides with his father; James F., also un- 
married, was the first white child born west of 
Dcs Moines in Pollc County. He was appointed 
Government storekeeper under Arthur's adminis- 
tration, at Des Moines, served until Cleveland's ad- 
ministration came in when he was removed for 
offensive partizanship. since when he has been 
teaching; George B. married Miss Louise Waj'ne, 
and is a resident of Pocahontas County, Iowa. 

After his marringe Mr. .lordan removed to 
Piatt County', Mo., and in September, 1846, made 
his way by team to Polk County. He selected a 
site for a home in Walnut Township, near Coon 
River, on Section 16, pitched his tent beLween two 
burr oak trees, which were but a few paces apart 
an<l have since shaded his home. A log cabin was 
.soon erected on the site of his present commodious 
and tasty residence, which has for many years not 
only sheltered his own familj' but also proved a 
hospitable haven for the weary traveler and land- 
seeker of earlj' days. Since the large and roomy 
mansion has taken the place of the log cabin, the 
same broad sjjrcad of hospitality has prevailed and 
the rich and poor, the high and low, have always 
found a cheerj' welcome by the old-fashioned open 
lire-place that has always been a striking and jjleas- 
ant feature to Mr. Jordan's home, especially when 
the driving storms of winter keep the family 
within doors, and when some storm-bound traveler 
has sought protection and comfort in its warmth 
and light. Mr. Jordan made a wise selection in his 
choice of land and prospered from the start. He 
extended his possessions until he the owner of 
eighteen hundred acres of land at one time. Until 
recently he has owned and operated a farm of six 
hundred acres, but reduced it considerably by a 
sale of a *28,000 tra(;t. Dealing in live-stock has 
constituted an important feature in his business, he 
carrving on that branch of industry on an cxtcn- 
siv< ■iLale. At one time he fed upwards of seven 

hundred head of steers and fifteen hundred head of 
hogs, and the following season bought and sold 
$33,000 worth of hogs. For the past few years he 
has devoted most of his attention to the raising of 
thoroughbred Short- horn cattle and to shii)ping 

In 1855 Mr. Jordan lost his wife and the follow- 
ing year wedded Cynthia Adams, who was born in 
Canandaigua, Yates Countj-, N. Y., and is a daugh- 
ter of Cyrus Adams. Five children were born of 
their union, of whom two sons and a daughter are 
now living. Ella is the wife of John P. Cook, a 
farmer of Walworth Township; Calvin S., who is 
living in Oklahoma; Eva died at the age of ten 
years; Eda died when three 3-ears of age, and Ed- 
ward, the youngest, is a medical student under the 
preceptorship of Dr. Ilanawalt, of Des Moines. 

Mr. Jordan was a Whig in early life and al- 
though born and reared in a pro-slavery State, was 
always an earnest ojjposer of slaver^-. After com- 
ing to Iowa his home in Walnut Township was 
often a haven for fugitive slaves while escaping to 
Canada. John Brown, with a small part}' of col- 
ored people whom he was leading to freedom, was 
once his welcome guest. He was on his way to 
Virginia accompanied by the principal ones of that 
band that met defeat shortly after at Harper's 
Ferry. Twenty-four colored people accompanied 
him at that time. Mr. Jordan cast his first vote 
for Henry Cla^', for President, being then a minor, 
but under the ruling of the election judges he was 
invited to vote as his father was dead and he was 
recognized as the head of the family. Since that 
time, 1832, up to the present, 1890, he has never 
failed to vote at the presidential elections, either 
for AVhig or Republican candidate and is an enthu- 
siastic admirer of President Benjamin Harrison. 
Mr. Jordan has taken an active interest in politics 
and in the fall of 1853, was elected to the State 
Senate by a majority of eighty -four votes, but was 
counted out on account of some slight irregularity 
in the returns from two townships in .lasper 
Count}'. He contested the seat and won, but not 
until his opponent, who had been admitted to a 
voice in the Senate, had voted on the election of 
United States Senator. The United States Senate, 
however refuseti to seat the member so elected and 



on taking liis seat in the State Senate, Mr. Jordan 
li.iii the privilege of voting for Mr. Harlan, who 
was I'lccted. The question of the removal of the 
Stite Capital from Iowa City to Dos Moines, had 
been agitated several times and failed, and it was 
during Mr. Jordan's term of oHice of State Senator 
tiiat the removal was aeeoraplished and Des Moines 
iteeanio the capital city. That he worked failh- 
fully and earnestly to accomplish the result so 
nuuh coveted liy his constituents, is well-known, 
and that he exerted a strong inlluenee in support 
of the measure is well remembered by his surviv- 
ing colleagues. He was a member of the Polk 
County Board of Supervisors three times under the 
old law, and served as President of that body. 
"His public spirit is indicated by his gifts to pub- 
lic enterprises. When the Valley Railroad pro- 
posed to extend its lines to Des IMoines if >i70,000 
could be raisc<1, lie was one of one hundred to 
voluntarily tax themselves acc-ording to their last 
assessment to make up that amount. It cost him 
about -Si, 000 in cash to do this and his gifts to the 
cause of education and religion would aggregate a 
small fortune." His nomination and election in the 
fall of 1878. to the Eighteenth General Assembly, 
by a vote larger than his party ticket was a just 
compliment to his loyalty to his party and a vindi- 
cation of his past political career. 

For sixty 3'ears the Methodist Episcopal Church 
has found Mr. Jordon a faithful member and an ac- 
tive worker. He has contributed liberally to the 
building of churches and colleges and the support 
of the ministry, and it was under the rocf of his log 
cabin that the (irst church services were held in 
Walnut Township and his hospitality has alw.ays 
been freely extended to the clergy. He contrili- 
uted a large portion of the funds u.^^ed in the con- 
struction of the Methoilist Church, which is known 
as Jordan Chapel. The church having lieen re- 
moved from its original location to one more dis- 
tant from his residence, Mr. Jordan and his wife 
have transferred their membership to the First 
Methodist Episcopal Church, of Des Moines. In 
the iiistory of early banking in Des Moines, Mr. 
Jordan's name ai)pears as one of the Directors of the 
Des Moines branch of the State Bank, in which 
he was a stockhohUr. and his financial relations 

have been extended and important. He has led a 
a remarkably active and useful life. Indefatigable 
energy, enterprise and sagacious business foresight 
have characterized his progress while inomplness 
and llie strictest integrity have made his name re- 
spected and his word as good as his bond. His ac- 
(juaintance throughout the State among ijublic 
characters is extended to a degree seldom acquired 
iiy one employed in agricultural pursuits, and all 
who know him recognize in him a man of superior 
intelligence, great force of character and sterling 

■*V> < ^* r 

* > •— j*,^- 

jll the best known of Polk Count3''s many 

\^' prominent citizens. For the past eighteen 
years he has held the office of County Coroner, 
and two years will have passed ere his present 
term expires. He was born in Trumbull Cc)untj', 
Ohio, on the Western Reserve, Ain-il 2, 1820, and 
is a son of Philip and Lydia (Lee) Griffith). His 
mother was a daughter of Abijah Lee and a cousin 
of the late Bishop Lee, of Davenport, Iowa. Their 
marriage was celebrated in Montgomery County, 
N. Y., in 1815, and by their union was born 
Caroline, who is now deceased ; Adeline S., widow of 
Albert Holcomb, is a i-esident of Michigan; Isaac 
W. is the next younger; Lois L. is the deceased 
wife of Houston Dilley; George W. is a resident 
of Wisconsin; Elvira is the widow of Tilr. Bosley, 
of Portage County. Ohio; and Henry, after serving 
three years in the late war, died in Ashtaijula 
County, Ohio. Mr. Gritlith, ,Sr., who was a carpen- 
ter and joiner by trade, removed to Ohio, in 181G, 
and settled in Trumbull County, where both he 
and his wife spent the remainder of their da^'s. 
His death occurred at the age of lifty-eight years, 
and his wife departed this life in 1887, at the verj' 
advanced age of ninety-two years. The families 
of both were noted for longevity'. 

After leaving the district schools, where his prim- 
ary education was acquired, our subject attended 
the acadetnj' in Farinington. Ohio, wliich was a 
branch of the Western Reserve College, located 
in Portage County. At the age of eighteen years 



lie stalled out in life for himself, having: since de- 
pended entirely' upon his own resources. He had 
no capital with which to begin life, but possessed 
energj' and determination, and stei) by step has 
worked his way upward to a position in which he 
may well feci a just pride. On the 30lh of August, 
1838, he left Farmington. Ohio, and m.ide an en- 
gagement with a Mr. (^Jrossbeck, who contracted 
for his services for a year. He drove a team to 
Ft. JNIadison. then known as tiie Black Hawk Pur- 
chase, after which he cultivated a farm for his em- 
ployer until the time of his service had expired, 
when he rented the sanie land and eng.iged in busi- 
ness for himself. After his crops had been gath- 
ered for the year, he went to West Point, Lee 
County, where he worked at the carpenter's tr.ide. 
It was during his residence in West Point that, on 
the 17th of September, 1840, he was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Eales Brand, the ceremony being 
performed by Parson Asa Turner, of Denmark, 
Iowa. The lady is a daughter of Samuel and Mar- 
garet (Gilbert) Brand, both of whom belonged to 
early and respected families of A'irginia. They 
emigrated from Indiana to Burlington, Iowa, in 
the year 1838, and later removed to West Point, 
where the mother died at the age of sixty-seven 
years, and the father at tlie ripe age of eighty- 
two years. The latter was a soldier in the War of 
181-2, and his father, .lames IJrand, in the Revolu- 
tion. In 1839, during the troubles concerning the 
boundary line between Iowa and Missouri, Col. 
Grillith, as a member of the State Militia, was 
sent to the disputed territory, where, it was feared, 
blood would be shed. Matters, however, were set- 
tied by the Supreme Court of the United States, 
and he then returned home. Shortly afterward he 
was appointed Lieutenant of the State INIilitia by 
Gov. Lucas, and in 1843 was commissioned Cap- 
tain by Gov. Chambers. In 1846 he volunteered 
under the first call for troops for the Mexican War, 
but was unable to get in the army. Later, a regi- 
ment was organized, comprising six Ohio com- 
panies, two companies from Michigan, one from 
Wisconsin and a tenth from Iowa, the regiment to 
be commanded by George W. Morgan, of Ohio, 
and known ;is the Fifteenth I'niled States Infantiy. 
Our subject, as Sergeant of Company K, which 

formed a part of the Fifteenth Infantry, in 1847, 
was ordered with his regiment to Mexico to join 
the forces of Gen. Seott at Vera Cruz. They re- 
ported on the 10th of July of that year, and were 
engaged in a number of battles and skirmishes, in 
one of which — Churubusco — Sergt. Griffith was 
wounded, a ball striking him just above the elbow 
of the right arm. The wound proved to 1)eof such 
a serious nature that it necessitated the amimta- 
tion of the member. He remained with the ccun- 
mand until October 27, 1847, when he was dis- 
charged from the service and returned to Lee 
Count}'. The papers had reported him, a 
mistake occasioned by the death of a namesake, 
and we can imagine with what joy his wife wel- 
comed his return. 

Tlie public has also called upon Col. Griffith 
for his services in the political Geld. He was 
elected and served as a member of the House of 
Representatives "n 1848, that being the second ses- 
sion of the State Legislature. He filled the posi- 
tion to the satisfaction of all concerned, and at the 
expiration of his term returned home, onl_v to be 
appointed Deputy Sheriff of Lee Count}'. In 1850 
he went to Washington, D. C, and by President 
Pierce was given a position on the police force of 
the capital, continuing to serve in that citj' a year 
after the accession of James Buchanan to the Presi- 
dency. The family remained in the capital until 
the spring of 1858, when be was appointed Regis- 
ter of the I'nited Slates Land office in Des Moines, 
which position he held until Jul}', 1861. During 
the exciting times attending the breaking out of 
the Pebellion. it was foiwid necessary to appoint a 
committee to attend to the war expenses and other 
such matters. Col. Griffith was one of that com- 
mittee, but afterward resigned to accept the nomi- 
nation for County Sheriff, which his many friends 
urged upon him. He was triumphantly elected in 
tlie f:dl of 1861, and upon the 1st day of January 
following, entered upon the discharge of his duties, 
continuing to fill the office until 1864, when he 
went to Memphis. Tenn. He was there appointed 
Deputy United States Marshal for the Western 
District of Tennessee, holding the office until the 
spring of 1868, when, with his family, he returned 
to Des Moines. The succeeding six years of his 



life were spent in charge of the toll-bridge and in 
the pursual of various vocations, whereby he might 
secure a livelihood for his famil.v. These included 
a number of official positions, and in 1872 he was 
elected to the office of Coroner of Polk Coant3', 
which position he has held continuously since, cor- 
ering a period of eighteen consecutive }'cars. In the 
month of June, 188G, he was appointed Bailiff of 
the Supreme Court of Iowa, and is also the pres- 
ent incumbent of that position. He was succes- 
sively appointed by Govs. Merrill, Kirkwood and 
Xewbold, on the gubernatorial staff, with the rank 
of Lieutenant-Colonel of Cavalry. 

We now return to the domestic relations of Mr. 
Griffith. By his union with Miss Brand a family 
of four children was born, but the eldest died in 
infancy. Stephen S,, who faithfully served his 
country during the late war, as a member of 
Company K, Seventeenth Iowa Infantry, and died 
in 1877, from disease contracted while in the 
service. He wedded Miss Martha A. Skinner, who, 
with their only child, Carrie L.. now m.akes her 
home in Des Moines; Albert Lee, who was born in 
Lee County, Iowa, Octf)ber 10, 1846, and fought 
as one of the boys in blui> of Companj' C, Eighth 
Iowa Regiment, wedded Miss Mary Russell, by 
whom he has two children, Frank and Lena, and 
also makes his home in this. city; Augustus J,, 
who was born December 26, 1850, in Lee County, 
is now a telegraph operator and railroad man; 
he married Miss Hattie E. AVaterbury, and thej' 
also have two children, Isaac W. and Charles M. 
Almost half a century has passed since Mr. and 
Mrs. Griffith, as man and wife, started out on life's 
journey. Should thej^ be spared until the 17th of 
September, 1890, it will be the fiftieth anniversary 
of their wedding. The greater part of their mar- 
ried life has been spent in Iowa, and for manj- 
years they have made their home in Des Moines, 
and with the best interests of the city have ever 
been identified. They are earnest and faithful 
members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and 
the poor and needy have received from them help 
in many times of trouble. Socially, the Captain is 
a member of the Inde])en<U'nl ( )r(ler of Odd I^ellows, 
with wiiicli he has been connected for forty years, 
and also belongs to the (i. A. R. Post, of Des 

Moines. In 1888 he went as a delegate to the 
Grand Arm>- of the Republic Encampment at Co- 
lumbus, Ohio, and there met Col. Morgan, of Mt. 
Vernon, Ohio, his old colonel under whom he 
served in the Mexican War. Many were the remi- 
niscences and tales told of those bygone days, and 
it is needless to say the meeting was one of great 
enjoyment to both. The record of Col. Griffith is 
one of which his friends, children and descendants 
may well be proud. His career in the sociil, busi- 
ness and political world has ever been such as lo 
win the respect and well wishes of all witli whom 
he came in contact. He was a faithful soldier 
during the Mexican War and a loyal and patriotic 
citizen throughout the Rebellion. He well deserves 
mention in this volume, and it is with pleasure 
that we record this sketch. 

^OV^ BENJAMIN F. GUE, who been a 
j (— , resident of Iowa since 1852, was born in 
^^ Greene County, N. Y., December 25. 1828, 
and is a son of John and Catherine (Gurne^-) Gue. 
His father was born in Westchester Count}', N. Y , 
while his mother was a native of Dutchess County 
of the same State. The first known ancestor of our 
subject that came to America was an exile from 
France, who settled in Ulster County, N. Y., about 
the year 1761. On the mother's side the familv 
was of English origin, Mrs. (lUe being a lineal de- 
scendant of the Hon. Joseph John Gurney, who was 
a member of the English Parliament. 

The subject of tiiis sketch was reared to manhood 
on a farm and educated in the Canandaigua Acad- 
emy and at East Bloomfield. In the spring of 1851, 
he emigrated to Iowa and settled in Scott County, 
where he was engaged in farming. He was married 
in Davenjjort on the 12th of November, 1855, to 
Miss Elizabeth Parker, who was born in Allegany 
County, N. Y., and a daughter of Francis 
Parker, who was descended from an old N'ermont 
family that settled in Allegany Countj' in an early 
da)-. .She came to Iowa wUh her |)arents in 1840, 
and became a resident of Scott County, leaching 
school several vears before her marriage. Mr. ami 



Mrs. Gue are the parents of fourcliildren, two sous 
and two daughters — Horace G., Alice, Guniey and 

Gov. Gue continued to reside in Scott County 
until 1K(!4, when he removed to Ft. Dodge and 
l)urcli;\sed tiie Ft. Dodge liiqiubliiMa, and changed 
its name to the •'Narth WcsV which paper he edited 
and ecinduclcd for nine years. The political career 
of our subject began in the fall of 1867, when at 
the age of twenty-nine he was elected to the Iowa 
Legislature, from Scott Counl3', and served four 
years. He then called to the ollice of Slate 
Senator and served four j'ears in the l'pi)er House, 
after which he was elected Lieutenant-Governor of 
the State for a period of two 3 ears. In 1866, he 
was elected Presi<leut of the lioard of Trustees of 
the Agricultural College at Ames, and was most 
actively' eng.aged in the management, construction 
of and organization of the college for six 3'ears. 
Gov. Gue has been the leading spirit in the matter 
of estalilisliing that important institution; in con- 
nection witii K. A. Richardson he was the author of 
the bill [)ioviding for the founding of the college, 
which thej- succeeded in having passed at the ses- 
sion of 1858. In 1864, while a member of the 
Senate, he assisted Mr. Clarkson Sr.,- in drafting a 
bill whicli provided for the sale of tiie lauds of the 
agricultural college land grant. The lauds were 
sold in accordance with the provisions of that bill 
and the college lias since received an annual income 
of from §40,000 to §60,000 from that source. He 
was Chairman of the commission to visit the vari- 
ous agricultural colleges of the I'nited States and 
examine into their plans of organization, their suc- 
cess or failure, for the benefit of the new Iowa Col- 
lege. For two years he gave most of his time to 
this important work. In 1867 he made an elaborate 
report to the Board of Trustees recommending a 
plan of organization, wiiich was adopted and upon 
which the college has for twent^-tiiree years been 
successfully conducted. He selected the first faculty, 
at the head of which was that distinguished edu- 
cator President A. S. Welch, who for eighteen 
years filled the executive chair with marked ability. 

Gov. (iue continued to reside in Ft. Dodge until 
1872, when he sold out the Nertli, West and the same 
year removed to Des Moines, where he has since 

made his home. During his residence in the former 
place he also held the otKce of Postmaster for two 
years. On coming to this city he took editorial 
charge of the Iowa Homestead, a State agricultural 
paper, and continued his connection with that jour- 
nal until December of that year, when he sold his 
interest and accepted the appointment of United 
States Pension Agent, which he received at the 
hands of President Grant. Ilehcld that position for 
eight consecutive years, during which time he dis- 
charged the duties of the ofHce with lirlelily and 
promptness. At the close of his term of office in 
1880, in company with his eldest son, Mr. Clue re- 
purchased the Iowa Homestead, which they jjub- 
lished four j'ears, during which time the}- greatly 
increased its circulation and built it up into a valu- 
able pioperty. Thoy sold out in the fall of 1883, 
and from that lime until the present, the (Jovernor 
has devoted his attention to gathering the material 
for an elaborate history of Iowa. 

Gov. Gue and his wife were members of the Uni- 
tarian Church, wiLii which they became connected 
in 1875. The (iovernor owns a fruit farm, which 
is situated about five miles cast of Des IMoines, and 
in fact has never been without a farm since he 
reached man's estate. For several j-ears he has de- 
voted most of his lime to his history of Iowa, and 
has made considerable progress in the preparation 
of the work, the first volume being nearly com- 

Gov. (iue is one of the prominent public men of 
the State and enjoys an extended acquaintance 
among its best citizens. His connection with the Agri- 
cultural College from its inception to its comple- 
tion and successful operation has been distinguished 
by earnest and wise forethought, while the results 
of his influence in connection with the legislation re- 
lating to that institution will long be felt. In manner, 
the Governor is unassuming, but earnest where dulv 
demands an aggressive stand. His course in public 
as well as private life has been distinguished by a 
high standard of honor and the strictest purity. He 
is an able writer, as a journalist ranks as a peer of 
the brightest in loiva. Correct and methodical in 
the dispatch of business, he has proved himself 
possessed of good executive ability-, and has dis- 
charged with exactness and fidelity ever}' public 



trust reposed in him. Tlie fortlieoiniiin history of 
Iowa on which he is engaged can not fail lo prove 
a work of great interest, and to be a standard on the 
subject of the annals of the Ilawkeye Slate. 




^AMES C. MoWILLIAMS, deceased, was 
born Novemljer 8, 1817, in Ross County. 
Ohio, and was a son of Pliilip and Eleanor 
(Collier) Mc Williams, both of whom were 
natives of Pennsylvania. On tlie paternal side the 
family is of Irish descent, and on the maternal of 
Scotch origin. Philip McWilliams was a farmer 
b\' occupation, and removing to Ohio, in early life, 
followed that business in the Buckej'e State until 
his death, which occurred about the year, 1880. 
His wife died a number of years previous, in 1863. 
They had a large faniil}- of twelve eliildren, eight 
of whom are living at tliis writing: William, a res- 
ident of Mahaska County, Iowa; Thomas, who 
makes his home in Kansas: John living in Ohio; 
Rulhiford, also of Ohio; Samuel and Newton, both 
of Kansas; Jane, wife of William Murray, of the 
the Buckeye State; and Mary, wife of Isaac John- 
son, of Ohio. 

As James McWilliams was one of the best known 
of the pioneer settlers of Polk Count}', and ranked 
among its leading citizens, we feel that this sketch 
will be of interest to many of our readeis. He re- 
ceived no special advantages in his 30uth, yet by 
his upright life and honorable career, won for him- 
self a place in the confidence and esteem of all 
with whom he came in contact. He attended the 
common schools of the neighborhood, and re- 
mained under the parental roof until attaining liis 
majority, when he started out in life for himself. 
He first purchased a small farm near the old home- 
stead, in his native State, and for sixtceu years 
engaged in its cultivation and development. Think- 
ing to better his condition and provide a better 
home for his famil}' by a removal to tlie West, he 
came to Iowa, in 185G, locating in Mahaska 
County, where he purchased land and followed his 
chosen occupation for seven yeai*. His next place 
of residence was Polk Count}', where a period of 

two years vvas s|)cnt, when he became a resident 
of AV^arren County, where he followed agricultural 
[jursuils for about twelve months. Satisfied that 
he had made a mistake by his last change of resi- 
dence, he returned to Polk County at tlie end of 
that time and purchased forty acres of land on sec- 
tion 33, Bloomfield Township, wliere he was living 
at the time of his death. He was an excellent 
farmer, a good business man and did all in his 
power to secure a comfortable home for his family, 
in whom he felt the deepest interest. He could 
not do too much to promote their welfare and en- 
hance their hap|)iness, and found no task too great, 
which would administer to their comfort. 

Mrs. McWilliams still survives her husband and 
is living on the old homestead. Her maiden name 
was Miss Nancy McCarter, she being a daughter 
of Robert and IMary (Brown) McCarter. Her 
fatiier was a native of Ireland, but when only three 
j'ears of age was brought by his grandfather to 
America. He also made farming his life work, 
following the same in Highland County. Ohio, 
until his death which occurred in May, 1854. His 
wife, who was born in Mrginia, died in 1818, 
when their onl}' child, Nancy, was but six months 

The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. McWilliams was 
celebrated March 12, 1839, and their union was 
blessed with a farail}' of nine children: Blary E. 
became the wife of W. S. Canon, a druggist of Elk- 
horn, Neb., but died leaving two children; Sarah 
J., widow of ICIisha B. Yeoman, has tiiree childien, 
Frank F., who resides in California; Frederick J., 
a resident of Grant City, Mo.; Edgar W., who is 
still at home. Eveline, the third child, is now de- 
ceased; Susanna is the wife of AVilliam II. Shaw, a 
grocer of Oskaloosa, Iowa, and the}- have two 
children — Eleanor and Ernest; Clara 15. wedded 
Edward Wyuoff, a grocer of Des Moines, and they 
have one daughter, Nora; Amzi married Maria 
Holcomb, and died, leaving two children — George 
and Jessie; Wilson married Naomi (ieil, but both 
are now deceased, they leaving one child, Olio: 
Frank, who wedded Belle Robertson, by whom he 
has one child, Maude, is living in Carroll Count}', 
Iowa: Orrin wedded Mary Bingham, by whom he 
had one child, (iuy. but both mother and son are 



are now deceased. Orrin resides in Carioll County. 
Mr. McWillJams. the father of tlie family, sup- 
ported tiie Democratic party frou) the time he 
attained his majority until liis deatli. He lield the 
office of road supervisor for several years, and was 
also treasurer of the school district for a number of 
terms. All public enterprises calculated to pro- 
mote the general welfare received his hearty sup- 
port and co-o|(eration, and he gave liberally for 
the advancement of educational, social and moral 
interests. He was called to his final rest May 23. 
1889, and his remains were interred in Oak Grove 
Cemetery. He was a kind and loving husband 
and father, and by all who kncvv him was held in 
the higliest esteem. His wife, who bore her siiare 
in the hardships and trials of life, and proved a 
true helpmate to her husband, is also gi-eall\- be- 
loved by those who know her. 

who Is engaged 


in fruit-growing on section 17, IJloomtield 
Township, has been a resident of Polk County 
for a third of a century. A wide awake and 
progressive citizen, he felt a dee|) interest in all 
{)ublic affairs, manifesting the same by the liberal 
support which he has given to its public enterprises 
and the im|)ortaut part which lie has borne in its 
upbuilding and development. At the time of his the now beautiful city of Des Moines con- 
tained but three thousand inhabitants and the en- 
tire county was in a like unpopulated condition. 

Mr. French is a native of New Hampshire, born 
November 12, 1832, and son of Moses and Hannah 
(Philbrick) French. His paternal grandfather, 
Moses French Sr., who was born in 1755, served his 
country through seven jears of the Revolutionary 
War. He was a farmer l)j' occupation and followed 
that business until his death, which occurred 
INIarch 14, 1831. His wife died May 1, 1830. 
Their son, Moses F^reneh Jr., also engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits as a means of livelihood. He 
made his home in Deertield, Rockingham County, 
N. II., where he lived until his death, which oc- 
curred November 12, 18G8. lie survived his wife 

twenty -eight ^-ears, she being called to her final 
home in 1840. Their lemains were laid side by side 
in Deerfield Center C'emeter\-. Their family num- 
l)ered seven children as follows: Mary A., deceased 
wife of .Tackson Cram, a resident of Deerfield, N.H. ; 
Eleanor B., widow of Nathaniel 15. Adams of Mer- 
rimac County, N. H. ;.Ionathan P. of this sketch; 
Moses F. who resides on the old homestead ; Han- 
nah P. and Sarah A. who are now deceased, and 
Samuel .S. who died in infancJ^ The parents were 
earnest, consistent Christian |)eo()le and eaily in- 
stilled into the minds of their children principles of 
industry and morality. 

Our subject received his literary education in the 
common schools of his native .State and upon his 
father's farm was reared to manhood. He dcsireil 
to pursue some otiier ocen[>,itiou llian that which 
his ancestors had followed and so at the age of 
eighteen ^cars entered a printing otiice at (,'oncord, 
N. H., to leai'u the trade. When his term of a|)-- 
prenticeship had expired and he had thoroughly 
mastered the business, he went to P.oston, Mass., 
where for a sliort time he worked on the Boston 
Tmucler. Later he went to Cambridge where he 
was employed in a printing oHice until 18.)G, which 
j-ear witnessed liis arrivid in Iowa. He made his 
first location Iti Iowa City, but after working at ids 
trade for about three mouths came to Des Moines, 
following the same business until 18fi0. He was then 
made foreman of the liMjiMcr office, which position 
he held until 18G8, when ill health forced him to 
abandon his chosen work and seek employment in 
another field of labor. The close confinement 
proved injurious to him and in order to counteract 
its infinence he determined to engage in fruit grow- 
ing, which business would necessarily kee|) him in 
the open air the greater part of the time. He there- 
fore purchased twenty acres of land on section 17, 
Blooinlield Township ami with excellent success has 
carried on gardening ;nul fruit growing to the pres- 
ent day. He finds a ready market for his products 
and gained a comfortable comi)etence which 
ranks him among the prosperous citizens of the 

Mr. French was joined in wedlock on the 20th of 
October, 1858, with Miss Helen L., daughter of 
.Stephen and Eliza Bennett, both of whom were na- 



lives of the Empire State. Her father engaged in 
the furniture and cabinel-making business in Farm- 
ington. 111., for many jears. Ills death oeeurrert in 
tliat city in 1860, and liis wife died ten years later. 
Of their three children. Airs. French, who was born 
June 17, 1839, is the eldest; Chester S. is now de- 
ceased, and Josephine is the wife of Garrett S. 
Guild. To Mr. and Mrs. French were born five 
children — Frank A., a resident of Des Moines; Ella 
B., wife of Ralph G. Durrette of Logan, Iowa; 
Arthur P., who resides in Des Moines, and Charles 
and Edward now deceased. 

Mr. French is a warm friend of education and 
gave his children liberal advantages in that di- 
rection. He supports the principles of the Republi- 
can party and both he and his wife are active woric* 
ersin the Baptist Church to which they belong. 

i^, ETER D. ANKEXY, of East Des Moines, 

wns born in Somerset Countj', Pa., Febru- 

^J^ aiy 3, 182G, and was the second in a 

I \ familj' of seven children, whose parents 
were Joseph and Harriet (Geise\) Ankeny. They 
were also natives of the Keystone State. The 
Ankeny family is descended from French Hugue- 
not ancestr3'. Representatives of the family went 
to Germany in the days of protestant persecution 
in France, and thence came to America, settling in 
Maryland. The paternal ancestry of tiie Geisey 
family is of German originT'wTino the maternal an- 
cestry belongs to an early family of Maryland. 
— ■Ihe father of Mrs. Ankeny was Rev. Henry GeiseV, 
-— t^ ■vtnithfvin. minister, who for many years was pas- 
tor of the church in Berlin, Somerset County, Pa.. 

The marriage of Joseph Ankeny and Harriet 
GeiseV was celebrated in Somerset County, where 
they resided several years In 1831. they removed 
to Millersburg, Holmes County, Ohio, continuing 
their residence in that county until 1867, which 
year witnessed their arrival in Des Aloines. The 
death of the husband occurred in this city in 1874, 
t)ut his wife still survives him. She is now in the 
ninetieth year of her age, but retains both her ph^-- 
sical and mental faculties to a remarkable degree. 

Mr. Ankeny ranked among the leading citizens of 
Polk County. He was a man of much more than 
average abilitj'. possessed a strong will power anti 
was firm in his convictions of right and wrong. 
He exerted an influence in every community where 
he resided, being a power for good. He was also 
prominent in public life. He served in the Legis- 
lature of Ohio, and was an elector on the Repub- 
lican national ticket in 1860, when that party 
elected Abraham Lincoln as its first President. In 
bis earlier years he had supported Democratic prin- 
ciples, but when the Missouri Compromise 
repealed he withdrew his allegiance from that part^- 
and on the organization of the Republican party 
joined its ranks and continued to fight under its 
banner until his death. During the War of the 
Rebellion he was one of the most faithful advo- 
cates of the Government and its policy. Although 
he lived in a community where a large majority 
S3'mpathi7.ed with the South, he spoke his views 
freely and under all circumstances proclaimed his 
faith in the triumph of the I'nion and the downfall 
of its enemies. 

As before stated, the family of Joseph Ankeny 
and wife numbered seven children, four sons and 
three daughters, all of whom grew to mature years. 
Dr. John F., the eldest, who was graduated from the 
Medical College of Cleveland, Ohio, for some years 
engaged in practice at Des Moines, where he set- 
in 1869, but his death occurred in Florida, on the 
19th of April, 1886, leaving a familj-, who are still 
residents of this city; Peter is the next j-ounger; 
Henry, who resides in Corning, Iowa, enlisted in 
the late war, becoming captain of Com()any H, of 
the Fourth Iowa Infantry, and proved himself a 
gallant and faithful soldier and .in able oflicer; 
Gen. Rollin V., whose home is now in California, 
marched to the front as a captain of the Fortj'-sixth 
Illinois Regiment, was promoted to be colonel and 
before the war was over was breveted Brigadier- 
General, as a reward for meritorous conduct and 
bravery displayed on the field of battle. Th(> 
daughters of the family are: Mrs. Susan Barcroft. 
of Des Moines; Mary Ellen, wife of H. H. Clark, of 
Hartford, Conn.; and Harriet, who lives with her 
mother in this city. 

Peter D. Anken3', whose name heads this notice, 



was reared to manhood in Ohio. In 1842, lie en- 
tered the preparatory department of Kenyon Col- 
lege and, after two years, took up the collegiate 
course, but left school while in the junior class, in 
order to enter the service in the war with Mexico. 
He enlisted, in 1847, as orderly sergeant of the 
Fourth Regiment, Ohio Infantry, and later was 
made Lieutenant, and had charge of his company 
for a time. His regiment joined the army under 
Gen. Scott, being under the immediate command 
of Gen. Joe Lane, and was actively engaged until 
the close of the war. 

Peace having been declared, Mr. Ankeny re 
turned to Ohio, where he pursued the study of law 
and was admitted to the bar, but his service in the 
army had so impaired his heallli that he found it 
necessary to engage in some outdoor occupation. 
In 1850, accompanied by J. K. Barcroft and .Sam- 
uel Bell, he came to Iowa, but tlie party did not 
make an3' permanent location. Our subject, how- 
ever, returned in 1858, but as his health continued 
poor he traveled quite extensively before making 
a settlement. At length he jnirchased a farm in 
the town of Delaware, Polk County, whicli he still 
owns, and for a number of j'cars was actively en- 
gaged in its cultivation and development. In 
1869, he was elected a member of the Board of 
Supervisors and served in tliat capacity for three 
years. He was also Clerk of the Courts of Polk 
County for five years, and from 1864 to 1866, held 
a Government office in the city of AYashington. 
He has ever been a warm admirer of the piinciples 
of the Republican party and one of the stalwart 
supporters of that organization. He has, however, 
never aspired to otlice, such positions as he has 
filled having been the gift of the people, unsought 
by him. His duties of citizenship have ever been 
performed in a loyal manner. Although he was 
phj'sically unable to enter the service during the 
late war, he gave his influence to the Government 
and (lid all in his power for his country. 

On the 6th of December, 1859, Mr. Ankeny 
was united in marriage with Miss Ellen Lorah, 
daughter of Samuel and Rachel Lorah. Her father 
was a prominent citizen of Cass County, Iowa, 
where he passed away a number of years ago. 
Five children, one son and four ilaughters, have 

L ^~ 

been born to our subject and his worthy wife, 
namely: Rose, who is now the wife of Edgar 
Lewis, of Des ISIoiues; Dais3',wife of Frank Green, 
of this city; Marj' Louise, Mabel and Paul. The 
Ankeny household is noted for its hospitalit}-, and 
its members hold a high position in the social 
world. More than thirty years have passed since 
the parents settled in Polk Count}', and by the 
many friends gained during that period they are 
held in high regard. 



DWIN M. CROSS, President of the Polk 
Count}' Abstract Company, and a represen- 
IL^ tative citizen of Des Moines, was born in 
Richland Count}', Ohio, on the 22nd of April, 
1853, and is the son of George W. and Mary J. 
(Jaques) Cross, both of whom were natives of 
Maine. The father was born in 1825. the mother 
in 1824. But during their childhood they emi- 
grated to the Buckeye State with their respective 
families. By occupation IMr. Cross is a farmer and 
throughout his business career has followed that 
occupation. He continued operations in that line 
in Ohio, >mtil 1869, when accompanied by his wife 
and cliildren he came to Iowa, selecting .Jasper 
County as the scene of his future operations. Both 
he and his wife are still living on the old home- 
stead in that county. 

Our subject is one of five children. Ilis early 
life passed uneventfullj', being spent mid play and 
work in the usual manner of farmer lads. Having 
in the common schools become familiar with the 
rudiments of knowledge he entered an academy in 
Newton, Iowa, where he completed his education. 
Afterwards he engaged in teaching for two terms 
and then followed farming for a time. He was 
next employed on the construction of the railroad 
between Newton and Keithsburg until 1882, when 
he came to Des Moines. The Polk Coimty Abstract 
Company had then commenced work, but was not 
incorporated and had no olBceor place of business. 
Mr. Cross soon afterward purch.ased a fourth inter- 
est in the company, which through his instrumen- 
tality was incorporated and from time to time has 




contiiuietl buying the stock until he now owns 
neniiy the entire amount. For five ^eais he has 
been its President and [iroved an eflieient offi- 
cer. The company has tiie most complete and best 
kept set of books in the city and Its business has so 
greatly increase<l that it now eraploj's a clerical 
force of four men throughout all the year. 

Returning to Jasper Count}', Iowa, in 1S87, Mr. 
Cross led to the marriage altar Miss Alice B. Blair, 
a most estimable lad}' and then returned with his 
bride to his home in this cit}', where the lady has 
made many warm friends although the period of 
her residence here is short. Mr. Cross is a worth}' 
and valued citizen who keeps himself well informed 
on all matters of public interest and in politics is a 
Republican. He has had an extensive experience 
in his business and is tliorough and accurate in all 
details. His endorsement of an abstract is a guar- 
rantee of its value. 

^jEORGE P. IIANAWALT, M. D., a leading 
(— , pliysician and surgeon of Des Moines, whose 
jiijl portrait appears upon the opposite page, and 
who occupies the position of Surgeon General of 
the Iowa State Militia, was born in Ross County, 
Ohio, September 11, 183(5, and is a son of .Jolin and 
Marj' (Jefferson) Hanawalt. His father was burn 
in Mifflin Count}', Pa., January 18. 1798, and was 
of German descent. The paternal grandfather of 
our subject was a soldier in the AVar of tiie Revolu- 
tion. The motiier of Dr. Hanawalt was born near 
Frederick, .Md., August 20, 1812, and is a lineal 
descendant of the Jefferson family to wliich the 
third President of the United States belonged. 

In his native State our subject was reared to 
manhood, receiving his [iriiDary education in llie 
pul)lic sciiools, after which lie pursued iiis literary 
studies in Salem Academy, lie tlie study of 
medicine in 1859, in the ollice of Drs. Salter <k 
Holton, of Madison County, Oliio, bu'^ before com- 
pleting his course he cntereil the volunteer service 
in the late war and was attached to the Seventh 
Ohio Iiifantiv ill February, 18(i2.and in the month 

of August following was transferred to the regular 
army as Hospital Steward. During his service he 
attended medical lectures and in the month of 
March, 1864, graduateil from the medical depart- 
ment of the Georgetown University of Washington, 
D. C. He was promoted to Acting Assistant Sur- 
geon, in which capacity he served until October, 
18t)8, when he resigned and on the 22d of JMay, 
following, came to Des Moines and entered upon 
the practice of his profession in this city, which he 
has since pursued with marked success. 

On the 30th of October, 1871, Dr. Hanawalt led 
to the marriage altar Miss Emily Agnes Jordan, 
the wedding taking pl.ace at the home of the bride 
in Walnut Townshi|), Polk County. The lady is 
a daughter of the Hon. James C. and Melinda 
(Pittman) Jordan, and was bf>rn in Piatt County, 
Mo., coming with her parents to Polk County when 
a child of two years. She was reared in this com- 
munity and her education was finished at the 
Northwestern University, Evanston, III. Her re- 
ligious training was received under the auspices 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church, of which she 
has been a member for a number of years. 

Dr. Hanawalt has won prominence in his pro- 
fession both as a physician and surgeon and has 
lieon chosen liy several ini|)ortant corporations to 
care for their wounded and sick employes. He 
holds the position of surgeon of the following 
named railroad companies : the Chicago, Rock 
Island it Pacific, the Des Moines & Fort Dodge, 
the Chicago, St. Paul it Kansas City, the Des 
Moines it Northwestern, the Des Moines it Kansas 
City, and the Electric Street Railway Company, for 
all of which he has done good service. In 1877 
he was commissioned Surgeon (ileneral of the Na- 
tional Guard of Iowa (State Militia) and has held 
that position ever since, covering a period of thir- 
teen years. The l^octor is a Repiililican in politics 
but has neither time nor inclination to take an ac- 
tive i)art in political affairs. He is a member of 
Crocker Post, No. 12, G. A. R., and also holds 
membership in the American Medical Association, 
the Iowa State IMedical Society, of which he was 
President in 1880, and the Polk County Medical 
Society. He is a most indef.-iligable laborer, and 
his efforts, both as a pliysician and surgeon, have 



been crowned with the greatest cUgree of success. 
In surgery, he is especially distinguished and en- 
joys a State wide reputation in ihat profession. He 
is a genial, whole-souled gentleman, whose presence, 
alone, in the sick room, regardless of his treatment, 
brings confidence and hope to his patients. He is 
ripe in experience and is thoroughly read in his 
profession, keeping abreast of the times. His 
army experience in surgery, coming as it did in 
h"s student days, was of inestimable service in 
qualifying him for further duties in that Hue. 

\fl GUIS STOHLGREEN, who is President of 
I (@ ^^^^ Bloomfield Coal Company, and proprie- 
J[_^ tQi- q{ a meat market of Des Moines, ranks 
high in business circles, and is recognized as one of 
the representative and enterprising men of the cit3-. 
He was born on the 2d of January, 18-17, in the 
northwestern part of Sweden, near the Norway line, 
and when twelve years of age, was left an orphan, 
so that from earlj- boyhood he has had to make his 
own way in the world. Mr. Stohlgreen is essen- 
tially a self-made man, who by a determined will, 
industry, enterprise, and fair dealing has steadily 
worked his way upward, and secured for himself 
and family a comfortable competence. When a 
small lad he herded sheep, and from the age of fif- 
teen until he had attained his majority, was em- 
ployed in a lumber yard. Believing that he could 
better his condition by emigrating to America, he 
crossed the Atlantic in 1869, arriving in New York 
on the 1st of October of that year. He then went 
direct to Chicago, where he worked for a short time 
on a construction train on the Hlinois Central Kail- 
road, after which he went to Louisiana, where he 
worked on a levee. He was next employed in 
Arkansas on a farm, receiving as a compensation 
for his labors $16 per month. Thence he came to 
Davenport, Iowa, and on the 'id of July, 1870, 
reached Des Moines, since which time he has been 
prominently identified with its business interests. 
He was first employed in a brickyard by C. Young- 
erman, afterwards engaged in mining for four3'ears 
and since February, 1871, carried on a meat- 

market. He built the two-story brick in which he 
does business, and in other ways has aided in the up- 
building of the city. In 1887, he was instrumental 
in organizing the Bloomfield Coal Mining Compan}', 
of which he has since been Director and President, 
and was one of the originators of the society 
Scandia. He is also interested in the Swedish Pub- 
lishing Company, and the Diamond Ice Company. 
To every enterprise with which he is connected, he 
devotes his whole energies that it may be success- 
ful, and in the various branches of business in which 
lie is engaged he has met with marked prosperit}'. 
In 1876, Mr. Stohlgreen was united in marriage 
with Miss Mary Israelson, a native of Sweden, who 
came to this country in 1871. Both he and his 
wife are members of the Swedish Church. Their 
family numbers five children, three sons and two 
daughters — Anna M., Adolph F., Amanda M., Mar- 
tin E., and Clarence H. Mr. Stohlgreen is the 
founder of his family in America, but since his ar- 
rival in this country, two of his brothers have 
joined him. He deserves great credit for his per- 
severance, which has overcome many obstacles, and 
placed him on a firm financial basis. 

\ | 1/ AV. LEHMAN, attorney and counselor-at- 
[U^^ law of Des Moines, who is associated in 
IL. ~' business with W. A. Clark, is of German 
birth. He was born in the Kingdom of Prussia, on 
the 28th of February, 1823, but when a babe was 
brought by his parents to America, the date of 
their emigration being 1855. The family located 
in Cincinnati, Ohio, but in 1869, when a lad of 
sixteen years, our subject came to Fremont County, 
Iowa. Entering Tabor College in that county, be 
was graduated in the Class of '73, and the same 
year in which he completed his literary course of 
study, admitted to the bar, having prepared 
himself for the legal profession while a student at 
college. The same perseverance and pertinacity 
which characterized his college course, has marked 
his professional career, and in consequence he has 
been attended with like success in the prosecution 
of the law. Soon after he was admitted to the bar, 



he located in Nebraska City, where as a partner of 
Judge Mason, lie entered into practice. In 1876, 
he came to Des Moines, forming .a partnership with 
J. A. Harvey, whicli connection continued until 
1882, when it was dissolved, and the firm of Leh- 
man & Clark established. 

In 1879, Mr. Lehman was united in marriage 
with Miss Nora Stark, daughter of Jacob Starii, one 
of the early merchants of this citj'. They have 
three sons, Frederick, Sears, and an infant. 

As a lawyer, Mr. Lehman has won the confidence 
and esteem of his fellow-citizens, as is sliovyn bj- 
his large practice. He possesses the qualities neces- 
sary for a successful lawyer. He is clear, logical- 
and comprehensive, and his sense of justice is such 
that he cannot be removed from a course which he 
believes to be just and honorable. He is a forcible 
and impressive speaker, and his sincerity and per- 
suasive eloquence, when addressing a jury, com- 
mand and retain their undivided and earnest at- 
tention. His brethren of the bar accord to him a 
place in the front rank of the profession. In his 
political aliiliations, Mr. Lehman is a Democrat, but 
is governed by his convictions, and not by the dic- 
tations of party. He is an able advocate of his 
political principles, and his abilities as a political 
debater are recognized not only by his own party, 
but by his opponents as well. As a citizen, he is 
esteemed for his progressive and enterprising spirit, 
and the faithful manner in which he discharges his 
public duties. 



,^sA AMUEL GRAY, who resides on section 16, 
^^^ Bloomficld Township, well deserves men- 
IJA/'Jj) tion in this volume for two reasons — he is 
one of the valued and representative citi- 
zens of the county, and is also numbered among its 
pioneer settlers. Few persons have so long made 
their homes in this community, he becoming a res- 
ident of Des Moines, when the entire |)opulation 
numbered but eighty-five. 

Mr. Gray is a native of Pennsylvania, born on 
the 19th of .hine, 1811, in Franklin County. His 
father, David Gray, was a native of Northern Ire- 

land, from which country he emigrated to America 
in 1790. His first settlement was in Pennsylvania, 
where he followed his trade of weaving for a num- 
ber of years. On leaving the Keystone Stale, he 
became a resident of Jefferson Count}', Ohio, where 
he followed the same business until he had accumu- 
lated sufficient property to enable him to spend the 
remainder of his days in retirement. While in 
Pennsylvania, he became acquainted with and wed- 
ded Miss Elizabeth Selander, a native of that State, 
and of their union were born eight children, four 
of whom are yet living — James, of Holmes County, 
Ohio; Elizabeth, wife of George F. Newton, of 
Millersburg, Ohio; Jane, who is also living in 
Holmes County ; and Samuel, of this sketch. The 
father of this family died in 1852, and his remains 
were buried in the cemetery of Millersburg, Ohio, 
where several years later the body of his wife was 
placed bj' his side. 

Although born in Pennsjlvania, Samuel Gray 
spent the greater part of his childhood da^-s in 
Ohio, whither his parents removed whcu he was a 
small lad. His early life was unmarked by any event 
of special importance. In the common schools of the 
neighborhood he received his education, and when 
he had attained to a sufficient .age he learned the 
plasterer's trade, which he continued to follow un- 
til the autumn of 1818, when,with the tide of iiuman 
emigration which was steadily flowing westward, 
he started for the new State of Iowa. Fort3-three 
daj's were consumed in m.aking the trip from 
ftolmes Count}', Ohio, to Ft. Des Moines, a horse 
team being used for the [lurpose. Great indeed is 
the change which has taken place since that time. 
The licautiful capital city of Iowa, of whicii the 
citizens of the State are so justly proud, then con- 
lainc'd but three small frame houses, beside the 
" fort houses." Two stores situated on Second 
Street comprised the business portion of the city, 
and a small log tavern furnished accommodation 
and supplied the wants of the weary travelers. As 
before stated, the entire population was but eighty- 
five. Mr. Gray's family at tliat lime consisted of 
himself, wife and eight children, and on the jour- 
ney they were accompanied l)y a friend, whose 
family numbered twelve, therefore both families 
together made one i]uarter of the population. The 



most far-siglited could have scarcely imagined the 
rai)id transformation which has taken place since 
that time, nor realize the wonderful changes and 
advancement to be made in the different lines of 
business indnstrj'. The present advanced position 
of the county is due in no small degree to the pio- 
neer settlers. Words cannot requite them for the 
service the}- have rendered the present generation, 
yel we can express our gratitude, and perpetuate 
their noble deeds by written records. 

Not long after his arrival in the county, Mr. 
Clr.ay secured work at his trade of a plasterer, as 
some houses were in course of erection, when he 
reoched the city. From that time until 1851, he 
had little leisure, his services being constantly in 
demand by the incoming emigrants. In that year, 
however, he abandoned his chosen trade, to enter 
upon the duties of Treasurer and Recorder of Polk 
County, to which offices he was elected for a two 
j'ears term. So acceptably did be fill the posi- 
tions, that he was again elected in 18.i3, and served 
until the spring of 1856. He did not then re- 
sume work as a [ilasterer, but entered eighty- acres 
of school land and forty-three .acres of river land 
in Kloomfield Township, ami began the develop- 
ment of a farm. Erecting a dwelling, he then gave 
his entire attention to the cultivation of his land 
until 1883, when it was found that there was a vein 
of coal un<lerlying his farm. He then leascl his 
land for twenty years, the income from the same 
enabling him to live in comfortable circumstances. 

On the "iSd of Maj-, 1833, Mr. Gr.iy united in 
marri.age with ^liss Mary Long, and unto them was 
liorn a family of seven children : John L. and James, 
of l)es Moines; David, of the State of Wasliington ; 
Klizabeth, wife of M. Taylor, of Dallas County, 
Iowa; Nancy J., wife of J. C. T.aylor, of Marion 
County, Iowa; Samuel, a resident of Des Moines; 
George B., who is living in North Dakota. The 
mother of these children was not long permitted to 
enjoy her new home in the AVest, but died on the 
4th of November, 1850, at the age of thirty-four 
years, and her remains were interred in the cem- 
etery at Des Moines. Mr. Gr.iy was again married 
February 26, 1852, his second union being with 
Sally Brand, by wiiom he has four children: Car- 
rie, wife of Frank I laarc, a resident of Bloomficld 

Township; William B., who also resides in the same 
township; Charlie B., a resident of Holyoke, Phil- 
lips Count}-, Col. ; and Walter, who is living on 
a part of the old homestead. 

Mr. Gray may be truly be called a self-made 
man. Commencing life without cai)ital, save a 
young man's bright hope of the future, and a de- 
termination to succeed, he has steadily worked his 
way upward to a position of financial independence. 
At one time he owned eighty choice lots in East 
Des Moines, and is now the recipient of a handsome 
income from his f.arni. He has alw.ays been liberal 
with his means for the support of public enterprises 
and as his resources have increased, has likewise 
increased his donations. He has taken quite an 
active part in politics, and is a warm advocate of 
the Democratic part3^ He and his family are 
well known throughout the count}', and are held in 
the highest respect by all. 

HARLES M. MACOMBER, a general farmer 

ill and stock raiser of Bloomfield Township, 

'^^T' residing on section 28, was born in Frank- 
lin County, Me., January 7, 1823, and is a son 
of John and Abigail (Millei) M.acomber. His 
parents were both i.atives of Massachusetts, and 
were of Scotch descent. His father was an enter- 
prising and successful business man. By trade he 
was a blacksmith, but in connection with that bus- 
iness carried on farming and dealt largely in stock, 
which he drove every fall from Maine to New Bed- 
ford, M.ass., a distance of two hundred and seventy- 
five miles. He continued to pursue these various 
lines of work in Franklin County, Me., until his 
death, which occurred in 1853. at the ripe old age 
of seventy-one years. He survived his wife a 
number of years, she having j).assed to her last rest 
in 1832. As the result of their union eleven chil- 
dren were born, but of that once numerous family 
onl}' three are now living: !Mary M , widow of 
Horace Allen; James N., a resident of New Bed- 
ford, M.ass. ; and Charles M., of this sketch. After 
the death of his first wife, John Macomber, In 1833, 



wedded Betsy Robbins, ami unto tliciu wore born 
two children: Philcna P., of Fariuinglon, Me.; and 
Leonard H., who is now deceased. 

Ill his native county our subject spent the days 
of bis boyliood and youth, iiis time beiiisj passed 
in the usual manner in whicii lads occupied their 
attention. For a portion of the year he attended 
llie common schools of the neighborhood, while the 
remainder of the lime was passed in work upon his 
father's farm or in play. lie remained under the 
parental ruof until twenty-two 3'ears of age, wlien 
he started out in life for liimsolf. Going to Mas- 
sachusetts he engaged in teaciiing school for two 
years, and tlien for several years following, taught 
penmanship. The spring of 1854 witnessed his ar- 
rival in Iowa, where he has since made his home. 
The journej' was made b3' rail to Rock Island, 
thence down the Mississippi on the boat '"Laniar- 
tine," lie landing at Muscatine. Six miles north of 
that city he purchased land, whi ;b he cleared and 
improved during his two j'ears' residence thereon, 
when he removed to Wilton .Junction. Some time 
subsequent he entered the emploj' of the Singer 
Sewing Macidne Company, as traveling salesman, 
and meeting with such excellent success in that 
line of work, continued in the employ of that eom- 
pan}', until 1877. Four years previous he had re- 
moved his family to Des Moines, and on severing 
his connection witii his old emploj'ers, took up his 
residence in this city, devoting his attention to 
collecting until 1881, when he went to Arizona as 
agent for the Bunker Hill Gold and Silver Mining 
Companj-. He spent two and a half years in that 
Territoiy, and then returned to Des Jloines, but 
siiortlj' afterward traded his property in the city 
for the farm on whicli he now resides. 

On the 12th of November, 18.54, Jlr. ]\Iacomber 
led to the marriage altar Miss Elzoda, daughter of 
Joseph and Dorcas (Wheeler) Craig, both of whom 
were natives of the Pine Tree State. Jf scph Craig 
was a farmer bj occupation, and followed tliat liusi- 
ness in Slaine until old age forced liim to retire from 
active life, and lie resigned his farm to the care of 
his son, but lie and his wife are still living on the 
old homestead. They were parents of nine chil- 
dren, seven of whom yet survive: Almaron, a res- 
ident of Pocahontas County, Iowa; Klla, wife of 

George W. Cothren, of Farmington, Me.: Joseph, 
who makes his home in Dallas County, Iowa; Lynn, 
who is operating the old homestead ; Fred W., of 
Des Moines; Mary J., who is living with her par- 
ents; and Elzoda, wife of our subject. The par- 
ents of this family have long been members of the 
Methodist F^piscopal Church, and have led earnest, 
consistent Christian lives. They are well-known 
in the community in which they make their homo, 
and are surrounded by a wide circle of friends. In 
early life Mr. Craig was a supporter of the Whig 
part}', but since the formation of the Republican 
party, he has cast his ballot with that great national 

Mr. Macomber is also a stanch supporter of the 
same party, and socially is a member of the Ma- 
sonic fraternit}'. His farm is ijle.asantlv and con- 
viently situated about one mile from Des Moines and 
comprises eighty acres of valual)le land. His life 
has been a successful one, as the result of his own 
efforts, and in ma.ny ways is worthy of emulation. 
He is ever faithful to the duties of citizenship 
which devolve upon him, and when called upon 
for assistance for any worthy enterprise calculated 
to benefit the community, his aid is never refused. 

EVI JESSE WELLS, is a leading livery- 
man and one of the most popular citizens 
of Des Moines. The story of his life would 
be full of interest to many of our readers and might 
well serve as an impetus to j'oung men, who like 
our subject had nothing with which to begin life 
save a strong right arm and determination. With 
that capital he started, yet he is now one of the 
prosperous citizens of the county. His upright 
life may well be taken as an example and if fol- 
lowed will win for all an honorable position al- 
though they may not acquire wealth. 

Mv. Wells was born in Susquehanna County, Pa., 
near Dimmock Corners, January 28, 1831, and is a 
son of Levi and Mary (Baird) Wells. The familj' 
has long been establi.shod in America and its mom- 
bers were connected with the history of the Rovo- 
utionary War. His [laternal great-grandfather and 



liis wife were in tlie Wyoming Massacre, where the 
husband was liilled by the Indians. Mrs. Wells, 
however, escaped, flying with lier babe in her arms 
througii the woods to a |)lace of safely. Both of 
their names appear on a monument which was 
erected to commemorate that event. Both grand- 
fathers of our subject were members of the Colo- 
nial forces, Grandfather Baird serving with the 
rank of captain. 

Levi Weils, Sr., was a native of Bradford County, 
Pa., and on reaching manhood wedded Mary Baird, 
a native of Susquehanna County. He was a pros- 
(icrous farmer and in the midst of the forest cleared 
and developed an excellent farm, upon which he 
planted a fine orchard. lie died in the prime of 
life at the age of forty -seven years and the death 
of his wife occurred in her fifty-third year. Both 
were members of tlie Baptist Church and were 
highly respected people. Their famil}' numbered 
five children, three of whom are now living — Will- 
iam B., a lawyer of Pottsville, Pa.; Guy P., an ex- 
tensive farmer of the Keystone State; and Levi J., 
the youngest. 

Our sul)jcct was reared to manhood upon his 
father's farm and attended the district schools in 
his youth, but so poor were the advantages tiiere 
afforded that he sa3S the onlj^ real school training 
he received was in an academj' where he spent one 
year. At the age of eleven, he began woric in the 
"harvest field for 64 a month and his dinner, but he 
determined to make some other pursuit than farm- 
ing his life work and when a lad of fifteen j-eais 
began an apprenticeship to the carpenter's trade, 
serving a term of five and a half 3'ears, a year and 
a half being spent with one employer, the remain- 
ing four years with another gentleman. His wages 
were his board and §60 per year and at the e.x piration 
of his term he was to receive §100 additional. Dur- 
ing lliat period he thorougldy mastered the busi- 
ness and at the age of twent3'-two look a contract 
to build twenty' double miner's houses for the Jes- 
sup ik Millard Coal Company. Believing he could 
belter his condition in the West, he came to Polk 
County in 1856, and i)urchased two lots in East 
Des Moines. Shortly afterward he was employed 
as foreman by the father of J. J. Williams, to su- 
perinti nil liie building of a dam across the Des 

Moines River and the construction of a mill, which 
is now being torn down, it being one of the last 
landmarks of pioneer days. 

On his arrival in this city, Mr. Wells found a 
mere village with little general trade and few im- 
provements of any importance. He erected build- 
ings on lots which he purchased, built olliers 
around the capital .square and in many wa^'s aided 
in the development and progress of the city. He 
was proprietor of the Grout House for eight months 
and in 1870 commenced the liverj' business, which 
he has since continued. He has Innlt the finest 
sta'.)les in tiie city, one being located at 119 Fourth 
Street, a four floor brick, and the other at 818 
Mulberry Street. It is the finest l)arn in the State, 
was erected in 1889, and is tlu-ee stories in height. 
Mr. Wells keeps on hand one hundred head of 
horses, runs buses and a baggage line and carries 
all the mail, meeting fiftv-five trains per day. He 
l)egan life in Des Jloines as a day laborer, but 
scorned no workb^' which he might earn an honest 
dollar. He has been a hard worker and a man of 
remarkable strength. On one occasion, before the 
day of elevators, when the wheat had to be carried 
to the fourth floor of the mill, the men under the 
employ' of Mr. Wells refused to carry a sack,s.a3-ing 
it was too heavy, so he himself shouldered it and 
landed it in its proper place. On being wciglied it 
tilted the beam at two hundred and fift^- pounds. 

In 1852, Mr. Wells was joined in wedlock with 
Mary Brown, a native of Bradford County. Pa., 
who was employed as a te.acher in an academy. 
Unto them were born two children — William B., a 
liveryman of this city; and Jesse O., who is asso- 
ciated with his father in the livery business. The 
mother died in 1860, and the following year Mr. 
Wtlls married Sarah liailcy, a native of Marjdand, 
who was reared in Ohio, and came to Des Moines 
some years prior to their marriage. In political 
sentiment our subject is a Republican, but though 
he always been a popular personage in the city, 
he has never asked for political distinction, prefcr- 
ing rather the life of a quiet and unobtrusive 
citizen. Since his arrival in Des Moines he has 
accumulated a fortune, but not through speculation. 
One speculation served him for all times. Toward 
the close of the war he purchased one hundred 



barrels of i)ork on which he lost $800 and that in- 
vestment satisfied him. His financial growth has 
been steady and he now does the largest liver}' 
business in the Northwest. In all his de.nlings his 
course has been marked by honesty and fairness. 

-* *>^-q^. !-■ 

J^ LEXANDER SHERIFF, one of the old and 
(.@/l)|| respected citizens of the county, who is now 
engaged in general farming and stock- 
raising on section 36, RloomBeld Township, 
is a native of Scotland. He was ?wrn in 1830, and 
is a son of James and Elizabeth (Ila3-s) Slicriflf, 
who were also natives of the same eountr^y, and in 
that land bis father followed farming until his 
death. Their family numbered eight children, six 
of whom are yet living — Alice, wife of Philip Pil- 
mer, who is living in Warren County on the line 
of Polk Count}'; Janet, wife of George Pilmer of 
Warren County; Mary, wife of Robert Dyer of the 
same county; James, also a resident of Warren 
County; Alex.ander of this sketch, and George, who 
is a resident of Bloomfield Township. 

In his native land and under the parental roof 
the boyhood days of our subject were passed. He 
received a limited education in the common schools 
and resided with his parents until they were called 
to the better land. The children then remained to- 
gether for about four j'cars, during which time 
Alexander worked upon a farm. Realizing that he 
was not receiving sufficient compensation for his 
labors in Scotland, he concluded to try his fortune 
in this country and in the spring of 1850, accom- 
panied by two brothers and two sisters, took pass- 
age on a sailing vessel at Glasgow, bound for 
Quebec. After a voyage of some weeks, the boat 
reached its destination and our little party pro- 
ceeded by way of canal to Cleveland, Ohio. On 
their arrival in that citj' they found that they had 
lost their tickets and that their money was com- 
pletely exhausted. Having no friends in the neigh- 
borhood, they were com[)elled to slcej) in an oat 
field and the next morning our subject started in 
search of some acquaintances who lived about sixty 
miles distant. From them he borru'.vcd money and 

returned to his brothers and sisters, after which 
they procured their luggage and again started on 
their w.ay. They made their first location near Alli- 
ance, Columbia County, Ohio, where the brothers 
procured work on a railroad at seventy-five cents 
per day and from that sum [)aid $'2 per week board. 
After working in that capacity for tiiree years, 
having saved J;300 apiece, they started westward. 
Alexander Sheriff accompanied by his brother- 
in-law, Robert Dyer. The railroad extended no 
further than Illinois and they had to walk the re- 
mainder of the distance. They had chosen Iowa 
Cit}' as their destination, but as tiiey did not like 
the country in that neighborhood the}- continued 
their travels to Des Jloines, where Mr. Dyer had a 
friend living by the name of William Hastie. It 
proved of great importance to our subject tiiat they 
decided upon this community as the scene of their 
future labors, for here he found his wife. 

After looking around for a time, Mr. Sheriff pur- 
chased two hundred and forty acres for himself and 
brothers, after which he returned to Ohio, where 
he again spent the winter in raiiro.ading. The fol- 
lowing spring the family came to Iowa and moving 
their few household effects into a little log cabin 
which had been erected upon the land, began life in 
true pioneer style. The brothers continued the cul- 
tivation of the land in partnership for a numlier of 
years, when at length it was divided, each receivino- 
his share of eighty acres. To that amount Mr. 
Sheriff has added until he now owns a fine farm of 
two hundred and ninety acres, all of which is under 
a high state of cultivation. Its well tilled fields in- 
dicate the thrift and enterprise of the owner and its 
many excellent improvements indicate that he is 
abreast with the times. In 1880, he erected a com- 
modious and substantial two-story dwelling and a 
large barn. His home is neatly and tastefully fur- 
nished and surrounded by many of the comforts of 

In the same year, Mv. Sheriff was united in the 
holy bonds of matrimony with Miss Janet Hastie, 
daughter of William and Elizabeth (Purvis) Hastie, 
both of whom were natives of Scotland, in which 
country the father followed farming until ISoo, 
when he sailed with his family for New York, and 
thence proceeded by train to Salineville. Ohio. 



After a icsidcuce there of six inontlis, in 1856. lie 
removed to AVarren Country. Iowa, where lie en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits until iiis death, which 
occurred in 1878. His wife died in 1871. and their 
remains are buried in tlie ceu]eter3- near where Mr. 
.Sheriff now resides. They liad a family of six chil- 
dren, but the three eldest, Margaret, William the 
first and William the second are now deceased. 
David died in the army; Philip is a resident farmer 
of Warren County, and .Janet is the wife of our 
subject. The parents were both members of the 
Presbyterian Church and in politics, Mr. Hastie was 
a Republican. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Sheriff were born two children 
— Margaret who died in infancy, and Lydie Belle, 
who w\is born March 17, 1883. Mr. Sheriff has now 
one of the best farms in the county and in connec- 
tion with its cultivation also raises a good grade of 
stock. In politics, he is a supporter of the Republi- 
can part3' and himself and wife are members of the 
Presbyterian Church. They have many warm 
friends throughout the community, their home is 
the abode of hospitality and in the social world 
they are held in high regard. 


S 1^ L. READ is the senior memlx 

|/Jf firm of W. L. & J. M. Read, of 

\^^ He entered upon the practice 

L. READ is the senior memlier of the law 

f Des Moines, 
actice of his [iro- 
fession in the spring of 1876, as a partner of Mr. 
Wishard. That connection continued until 1883, 
when by mutual consent it was dissolved, and Mr. 
Read continued alone in business until 1885, when 
he was joined in practice by his brother. 

The Read brothers have been residents of Polk 
Count}-, since 1867. Their father, Ainbivse Read, 
was born in Guernsey County, Ohio, and was a son 
of one of the early pioneers of that section. The 
original ancestors of the family in this countiy 
were residents of New Jersey and RLaryland. 

Ambrose Read grew to manhood in his native 
State, and wedded Mary Ann Lewis, also a native 
of Ohio, whiiher her parents had emigrated from 
Virginia, in an early day. Her fainily was of Welsh 
oriijin, the earliest American ancestor having set- 

tled in New Jerse}' in Colonial times. In the fall 
of 1860, Mr. Read accompanied by his family, re- 
moved to Iowa, settling in Scott County, whers the 
mother died in 1863. Four years later, the family- 
became residents of Polk County, settling in the 
town of Alloona, but the father died in the citj' of 
Des Moines. By occupation he was a fanner, and 
followed that business throughout his entire life. 
He was a man of much ability, and possessed a 
large amount of general information. A conscien- 
tious, upright and worth}- citizen, his loss was 
deeply mourned. In the early days of the Repub- 
lican party, and extending through the AVar of the 
Rebellion, he was an earnest advocate of the prin- 
ciples of that organization, but as new issues arose 
of a national character, he believed hesaw his dut}- 
elsewhere, and in 1872, voted for Horace Greele}', 
the Democratic candidate for the Presidenc}-. Later 
he became identified with the National Greenback 
Ijart}', and took an active interest iu the monetary 
and industrial interests of the country. 

Ambrose and Mary Ann Read were the parents 
of live sons, and by a second marriage Mr. Read be- 
came the father of two daughters. Albert, the eldest 
of the family, is deceased; W. L. is the next in order 
of birth; George and H. II. are eng.aged in the real- 
estate business in this city; and J. M. completes 
the familj-. 

W. L. Read, whose name heads this sketcli, is a 
native of the Bucke^-e State, having been born in 
Harrison County, on the lotli of May, 1851. He 
was a lad of sixteen j-ears when he came with his 
father's family to Polk County, Iowa. Choosing 
the law as the |)rofession which he wished to make 
his life work, when he finished his literary studies, 
he entered the Iowa Stale University, graduating 
from the law department of that institution in 1875. 
His wife was formerly Miss Juliet E. McMurray, 
who is a native of Indiana, and a daughter of Hiram 
McMurray. Their union was celebrated in Se|)- 
tember. 1882, and has been blessed with two chil- 
dren, Ralph L. and Helen. 

J. M. Read, the junior member of the law firm, 
was born iu Ohio, on the 9th of August. 1859, and 
passed his boyhood days under the parental roof. 
He attended school in Des Moines, and to fit him- 
self for his chosen profession, entered the law de- 



partiueiit of tlie Slate University, from whicli he 
was graduated in the class of June, 1885. 

The firm of W. L. & J. M. Read, as already stated, 
is numbered among the leading law firms of Des 
Moines. The source of every lawyer's success in his 
profession is the confidence which the people feel in 
his personal and professional integrity. The large 
and lucrative business of this firm proves that they 
have not only won the confidence of their fellow-citi- 
zens, but that they retain the high regard and gcod 
wishes of all whose friendship they have once se- 
cured. Honorable and u|)right in their professional 
calling, cordial and genial in disposition, they are 
numbered professionally and socially among the 
leading citizens of Des Moines. In their political 
affiliations they are both supporters of the Demo- 
cratic party. Their office is situated at Nos. 334 
and 336 East Fifth Street, and No. 427 East Locust 

•' ON. GEORGE G. WRIGHT, an eminent 
^^ jurist and a pioneer lawyer of Iowa, is a 

native of Indiana, having been born in the 
(((Q) town of Bloomington, Monroe County, on 
the 24th of March, 1820. His father, John Wright, 
was a native of Pennsylvania, and was of Welsh 
descent, the family dating its origin in America 
back to the year 1720, when the founder, an emi 
grant from Wales, settled in Pennsylvania. John 
Wright was a mason by trade, and in early life 
married Miss Rachel Seaman. His death occurred 
in Bloomington, Ind., in 182.'), when our subject but five years of age. Mrs. Wrigiit survived 
her husband many years. She came to Iowa in 
its Territorial days, and died in Keosauqua, in 

George G. Wright was educated in the State 
University of Indiana, being graduated in the class 
of '39, while in his twentieth year, after which he 
read law at Rockville, Ind., under the tutelage of 
his brother, Joseph A. Wright, afterward Governor 
of Indiana, and w.<is admitted to Ihi.- bar in the 
Stale Courts of tiiat State in 1840. In September 
of that year he came to the Territor}' of Iowa, and 

in November established himself in practice in 
Keosauqua, then one of the most promising towns 
in the Territory. A thorough Whig in political 
sentiment, the young lawyer at once took promi- 
nence in his party, and was chosen Prosecuting 
Attorney of his county, was also elected to the 
State Sen.ate for the term of 1848 and 1850. In 
tiie latter year he was the Whig candidate for 
Congress in a district comprising the whole south- 
ern half of Iowa, but the waning strength of the 
party was not equal to the task of electing him, 
although his vote exceeded that of the general 
ticket. In January, 1855, and while yet under 
thirty.five years of age, his ability and learning as 
a lawyer and his personal poiiularity led to his 
election as Chief Justice of Iowa, to which position 
he was re-elected, holding the office for a period of 
fifteen years, or until 1870, when he was elected to 
the United States Senate. At the close of his 
Senatorial term, Judge Wright declined a reelec- 
tion, preferring as more congenial, the practice of 
his profession to the more exciting arena of 

" His time on the Supreme Bench covers the 
most important period in the judicial history of 
the State. The adoption of the Code system and 
judicial construction of it is embraced in it. Judge 
Wright's opinions will be found in all the Iowa 
reports from Volume 1 to Volume 30, and the 
lawyer, whether he be in Iowa, Maine, California 
or elsewhere, will find in those volumes precedents 
on geceral law that he may cite with confidence to 
any court, assured that tliey will be accepted with 
respect and will carry weiglit and authority with 

Ten years after his election to the Supreme 
Bench, Judge AVright removed from Keosauqua to 
Des Moines, which has since been his lionie. In 
the fall of that year he associated with himself 
Judge Chester C. Cole, of the same court, in the 
organization of the Iowa Law School (the first 
law school west of the Mississippi River). Judge 
Wright had had a number of students in his office 
during the two or three years preceding, and sev- 
eral applications for a like i)rivilege suggested the 
formation of a school, in which, during the first 
year, twelve students pursued the study of law 



under the tutelage of these two gentlemen, they 
being the only instructors. At the opening of the 
second year, Prof. William G. Hammond became 
connected with the school, giving it a constant 
personal attention, which tlie judicial duties of the 
other professors did not permit them to render; 
and the three men carried the enterprise through the 
two succeeding years with but slight increase in 
the number of students. The merits of the school 
attracted the attention of the bar throughout the 
Stale, .and in 1868, tlie Iowa Law School, by the 
action of the Regents, became a department of the 
State University, and its instructors still remained 
in charge as its professors, while the prior gradu- 
ates were made Alumni of the University. Prof. 
Hammond removed to Iowa City and was placed 
at the liead of the school, Judges Wright and Cole 
continuing to give a portion of their time to its 

During his labors on the bench, and while en- 
gaged in building up a sound and safe fabric of 
the unwritten law, Judge Wright found time to 
o-ive, by his energy and influence, an impetus to 
many public enterprises and objects. Prior to the 
organization of the Iowa Law School, he took a 
prominent part in the organization of the State 
Agricultural Society, of which he was President 
for five years, from 1858 to 1863, thereby fostering 
and cnconraging improved methods in all that 
pertains to Iowa's peculiarly agricultural popula- 

"An earnest patriot, while physical incapacity 
prevented his entering the army, b3- word and 
deed he sustained the arm of the Government in 
the struggle to save the LTnion, and manj' a 
soldier drew inspiration from his earnest speech, 
and many a soldier's family found in him a stead- 
fast supporter in time of need. In the Senate, he at 
once became Chairman and member of influential 
committees, and had he not, for reasons wholly 
personal to himself, voluntarily declined re-elec- 
tion, he would doubtless have become one of 
Iowa's famous long-time Senators. Retiring from 
the Senate, he took the head of the law firm of 
Wrigiit, Gatch & Wright, and again entered the 
practice with his early enthusiasm, and at once 
was fell in tlie work of his profession. A desire 

for rest and greater quiet induced him in time to 
seek'less engrossing duties, and as the trusted head 
of financial institutions of his city, he now devotes 
such time as he desires to business. Retaining, 
however, his early love for bis profession, Judge 
Wright continues to lecture to his old law school, 
and for like reasons is actively associated with the 
American Bar Association, of which he was Presi- 
dent from June, 1887, to June, 1888. His wide 
experience as a lawyer, legisl.ator and judge, makes 
his judgment in tiiat body of recognized value, and 
as such is constantly sought and observed. In 
1882, he severed his connection with the law firm 
of which he was the head, and accepted the Presi- 
dency of the Polk County Savings Bank, wiiicli 
was organized that year, and which position he has 
filled continuously since, covering a period of 
seven years. During the same time he lias been 
President of the Security, Loan & Trust Company, 
of Des Moines, an important financial institution 
of Polk County. 

Judge Wright was married in Van Buren Countj', 
Iowa, on the 19th of October, 1843, to Miss Han- 
nah M. Dibble, daughter of Thomas and Ruth 
(Gates) Dibble. Mrs. Wright was born in Saratoga 
County, N. Y., near the celebrated springs of that 
name, and came to Iowa with her parents in 1839. 
Her family was of New England origin, and re- 
moved from Connecticut to New York early in 
the eighteenth century. Judge and Mrs. Wright 
have six children living, four sous and two daugh- 
ters — Thomas S., the eldest, wedded iMiss Mary 
Tuttle, is an attorney by profession, and is the 
present solicitor of the Rock Island Railroad fo»- 
Iowa and Illinois, and resides in Chicago; Craig L. 
married Miss Kate Van D^'ke. and is a [iracticing 
attorney of Sioux City, Iowa; Mary I)., the eldest 
daughter, is the wife of Frank H. Peavey, a grain 
merchant of Minneapolis, ]\Iinn. ; Carroll, who 
married Miss Nellie Elliott, was graduated from 
the Iowa State University, and also from the Law 
Department of Simpson College, and is a lawyer in 
active practice in Des Moines; Lucia H. is the 
wife of Edgar H. Stone, a banker of Sioux City; 
George G. is single and a resident of Des Moines. 

Judge Wright is and has been an earnest Repub- 
lican since the formation of the party. In his 



religious views he adheres to the Methodist Epis- 
co|)al C'iiurth, iimler the auspices of which lie re- 
ceived his early religious training. Mrs. Wright 
is a memher of the Unitarian Church. The Judge 
is a member of the Independent Order of Odd- 
Fellows, .Tnd enjoys the distinguished honor of 
being one of the three losva members from civil 
life of the Lo^yal Legion of the United Slates. 
Almost half a century has passed since he made his 
maiden speech in an Iowa court. Then this now 
populous and wealthy State was a si)arsely-settled 
region, with but a portion of its territory open to 
settlement by the whites. During that period his 
name has been honorably associated with the his- 
tory of the bar of Territoiy and State, and for 
fifteen years he has served with distinction in the 
highest oflice in its Judiciarj-. The imprint of his 
legal talent is stami)ed upon the records and re- 
ports of the State in a manner that reflects credit 
njwn himself ami the commonwealth, and will per- 
petuate his memory for all time. Many of the 
most successful and promising lawyers of the State 
were his pupils or were benefited in their profes- 
sional education through his efforts in founding a 
law school, and his continued interest in the Law 
Department of the Slate University. His election 
to the United States Senate was an honor justly 
deserved, and his honorable and upright service in 
that distinguished body fully justified the choice 
of his constituents. 

While it is difficult to write of the living in 
terms worthy of their merits, virtues and talents, 
without incurring the risk of offending with an 
appearance of flattery, it is nevertheless true that 
in a work like this, that is intended to be a standard 
work of reference for posterity, a true delineation 
of ciiaracter and a fair representation of the life- 
woik of the subject should be presented. We know 
no reason why we should wait until a man is dead 
to speak the truth of him. 

Judge Wright possesses all the characteristics of 
a great lawyer. Studious by inclination, he is 
well grounded in the law. His mind, always 
active, grasps with force the subjects of liis 
thoughts, and bis opinions are expressed in terras 
at once clear, logical and comprehensive. In his 
intercourse with mm his manner is cnlirelv f'ce 

from ostentation and self. consciousness, but is calm, 
dignified and at the same time evincing an earnest 
cordiality that wins hiin many friends. Tlie 
purity of his life and his fidelit3^ to every trust 
have won for him the unbounded confidence and 
respect of his fellow-citizens, both at home and 

A portrait of Judge AVright is presented on 
another page of tiiis volume. 

of Donelson and the late Commander of the 
sD Department of Iowa of the Grand Army of 
the Republic, is an honored citizen of Des Moines. 
He was born in Summerfield, Noble County. Ohio, 
(then Monroe County), on the 24th of September, 
1823, and is a son of James and Esther (Crow) 
Tuttle. His father was a native of Bangor, Me., 
and was descended from one of the oldest 
New England families, his ancestors having em- 
igrated from England and settled near Hartford, 
Conn., in 1630. The mother of our subject was 
born near Pittsburg, Pa., and was of German de- 
scent. In 1819, James Tuttle removed to Ohio, 
where he followed the occupation of farming until 
the winter of 1833-34, when with his family he be- 
came a resident of Fayette County, In(^, where his 
wife died in 1853. They had nine children, of 
whom three sons and four daughters are living and 
are residents of Des Moines. In 1860 the father 
came to this city, where he spent the remainder of 
his days, his death occurring in 1872. 

James M., the subject of this sketch, was reared 
on his father's farm and received a common-school 
education. He accompanied the family from Ohio 
to Indiana, and when twenty' years of age left home 
to make his own way in tlie world. In the spring 
of 1846 he emigrated to Iowa, settling in the town 
of Farmington, Van 15uren County, where he en- 
gaged both in agricultural and mercantile pursuits. 
Returning to Fayette County, Ind., in the fall of 
1847, he was there united in marriage with Miss 
Elizabeth Conner, the wedding being celebrated 



September 22. The lady is a daughter of James 
Conner, one of the early settlers of Indiaija, and a 
member of the family after whom Connersvillc was 

Gen. Tuttlc and his wife at once came to Iowa 
and took possession of the home previously pre- 
pared by the husband, but Mrs. Tattle's married life 
proved of short duration, her death occurring on 
on tl.e fourtii anniversary of her wedding day, the 
22nd of September, 1851. On the 17th of August, 
1853, the General was married near his home in 
Farmington, to Miss Laura M. Meek, a daughter of 
Samuel G. Meek, of that place. She was born in 
Goshen, Ohio, and came to Iowa witii her parents 
in the carl^' settlement of Van Buren County. Five 
cliildren were born of their union, three daughters 
and two sons, of wiiom one son and two daughters 
are living. Laura, wlio was born July 16, 1854, is 
the wife of Albert L. West, a hardware merchant of 
Des Moines; George, born January 26, 1856, died 
on the 16th of October, 1863, in Vicksburg, Miss., 
while on a visit to his father during the late war; 
Mary, born March 26, 1860, died May 2, 1862; 
Mella, born July 13, 1865, and Joel, April 4, 1872, 
are still at home. 

Gen. Tuttle was a Democrat in early life, and in 
the fall of 1855 was elected by that party Sheriff 
of Van Buren County, serving two years, when in 
the autumn of 1857, he was elected County Treas- 
urer and Recorder of that countj', which position 
he filled two terms of two years each. On the 
breaking out of the late Civil War he raised a com- 
panj' of volunteers and was elected its Captain. 
The company rendezvoused at Keokuk and was as- 
signed to the Second Iowa Infantry, of which Capt. 
Tuttle was elected Lieutenant-Colonel, and with 
the regiment was mustered into the service of the 
United States on the 27th day of M.aj', 1861, being 
the first three jears regiment mustered into the ser- 
vice from Iowa. The regiment was assigned to 
duty under Gen. (i rant and on the 6th of Septem- 
ber, 186), our suliject w.ns promoted to be Colonel, 
succeeding Col. Curtis. lie distinguished himself 
at the battle of Ft. Donelson, as the leader of the 
successful charge on the enemy's works, February 
15, 18C2, which nsulti'd in tiie capture of that 
strongliold, together with a large quantity of pro- 

visions and ammunition. Several unsuccessful as- 
saults had been made on tiie entrenched confederates 
by the Union forces, and on the loth. Gen. Grant 
having satisfied himself that the enemy contem- 
plated cutting their way through the army, ordered 
the storming of the Confederate forces. The attack 
was made in a double column, the Second Iowa 
being on the left of Lauman's brigade and Col. 
Tuttle with his regiment led the assault. '-Can you 
get into the entrenchments.^" asked Gen. Smith, of 
Col. Tuttle. "Yes," was the prompt answer, "only 
support us, for we are going in there inside of 
twenty minutes." Through a storm of shot and 
shell the gallant Colonel led the cliarge and the 
Iowa boys followed, climbing the stcei) ascent over 
. fallen trees, reserving their fire until the trenches 
were reached, when the Second drove the enemy 
from their rifle pits and the da^' was won, not, 
however, without a terrific loss to the storming 
party. Fully one-half of the left wing led by Col. 
Tuttle was lying dead or wounded when the fight 
behind the trenches ceased, the total loss being two 
hundred and forty-one. The Colonel, while leading 
tliat brilliant charge at Donelson, was grazed by a 
ball which passed througli his coat sleeve and glove, 
hitting his sword hilt and knocking the weapon 
over his head. The sudden wrenching of it from 
his liand paralyzed his arm during the rest (>f the 
eng.igemcnt. Afterwards, while standing on a log, 
beckoning a regiment behind him to follow, a can- 
non ball struck the log, knocking it from under him 
and throwing him backwards upon a limb of a tree, 
by which he was seriously injured, hut not suffi- 
ciently so to prevent his continuing the charge. 
Gen. Tuttle and the Second Iowa won high praise 
for their brilliant achievement at Donelson, and 
were the subject of a complimentar}- telegram from 
Gen. Hallock, as follows: 

St. Loiis February 18, 1862. 
Adj. Gen. Baker: — Tlie Second Iowa Infantry 
proved themselves the bravest of the brave. They 
had the honor of leading the column which en- 
tered Ft. Donelson. 

(Signed) H. W. Hallock. 

At the battle of Siiiloh Gen. Tuttle coniniandod 

a brigade of Gen. W. H. L. Wallace's divison, 

composed of the Second, Seventh, Eighth, Twelfth 

and Fourteenth Regiments, Iowa Infantry and Ar- 



tillery. He advanced on the Corinth road early 
Sunday morning, April 6, 1862, to a iioint about 
one-third of a mile beyond the forks of the Ham- 
burg- and Corinth roads, where he encountered the 
enenij- in force. lie succeeded in placing a large 
portion of his command in a washed-out road wliich 
served the purpose of an intrenchment. The en- 
gagement began before 9 o'clock A. M., and Gen. 
Tuttle's three batteries and his infantry repulsed 
the enemj' five times. At about 4:30 o'clock the 
Rebels had nearlj' surrounded the Federal force 
and succeeded in capturing tliree regiments, when 
Tuttle with the remainder of his troops cut his way 
through to the main Federal armj-. In the morn- 
ing he was the fifth in command in his division, 
but when night closed upon the scene he was the 
first oHieer, his superiors having been all killed, 
wounded or taken prisoners. By the prompt and 
gallant action of Gen. Tuttle in making the ad- 
vance on the line as he did and the determined and 
fierce resistance his brig.ide had made to the ad- 
vancing Rebel army, thereby delaying and cutting 
them up so severely, tliey were prevented., from 
marching directly to the river and effecting a sur- 
prise that would in all probabijit}' have resulted in 
the capture or destruction of the whole Union 
army. His promotion to the rank of Brigadier- 
General followed his brilliant effort at Shiloh, his 
commission beanng date of June 9, 1862. 

During the fall and winter of 1862, Gen. Tuttle 
was in command at Cairo and in the spring of 
1863, was assigned to the command of a division 
of Gen. Sherman's corps and while servmg in that 
capacity participated in the campaign against 
Vicksbuig, and the capture of Jackson, Miss. He 
continued in active service until September, 1864, 
when he resigned and returned to his home. 

On his return from tlie armj' Gen. Tuttle settled 
in Des Moines and for two years was engaged in 
farming and the real-estate business, after whicii 
he cmliarkcd in i)ork packing with his brother Mar- 
tin, under the firm name of Tuttle Bros. In 1870, 
he bought his brother's interest and carried on the 
business alone for the succeeding three years when 
he formed a partnership with Lewis Igo, under the 
firm name of Tuttle &. Igo, which cf)niiection con- 
tinued until the spring of 187.'>, when he again be- 

came sole proprietor. He carried on business 
alone until 1877, when he closed out and has since 
devoted his attention to other matters, including 
extensive mining interests in Colorado, Arizona 
and New Mexico. In 1863, the General was the 
Democratic candidate for Governor and placed 
himself on record in regard to the important ques- 
tion of the day, the prosecution of the war, in an 
open letter, as follows: 

"I am In favor of a vigorous prosecution of the 
war to the full extent of our power until the rebel- 
lion is suppressed, and of using all means that maj- 
be in our possession, recognized by honorable war- 
fare, for that purpose. I am for the Union without 
an "if" and regardless of whether slavery stands or 
falls by its restoration, and am in favor of peace 
on no other terms than the unconditional submis- 
sion of the Rebels to the constituted authorities of 
the United States." 

His part3' being in a large minoritj' he was de- 
feated. In 1866 he was the Democratic candidate 
for Congress in opposition to Gen. G. M. Dodge, 
and although unsuccessful ran ahead of his ticket 
two thousand votes. In 1871 he was elected to the 
State Legislature and served one term. Later 
changing his political views, he was elected to the 
same office as a Republican in 1883, and has since 
affiliated with that partj-. He is a member of 
Crocker Post, No. 12, G. A. R., and in 1887, was 
elected Department Commander of Iowa. During 
his term of service in that capacity he attracted 
the attention of the Nation by his successful oppo- 
sition to the partisan attempt to make President 
Cleveland the guest of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public at their National Encampment in St. Louis. 
Just prior to the last i)residential convention he 
also vigorously denounced the order of the Presi- 
dent in regard to the return of the captured rebel 
flags, in wliich he proved himself in full sympathy 
with a large majority of his comrades. 

In 1886, when the State of Iowa determined to 
establish a Soldiers' Home, Gen. Tuttle was ap- 
pointed by Gov. Larrabee, one of the commis- 
sioners, and he was at once chosen by the board as 
its President, which position he still fills. A hand- 
some building, capable of accommodating three 
hundred and fifty men, was erected at Marshall- 



town, and carried to a satisfactorj' completion 
witliout any jobbery. The institution is !i credit 
to the State and its managers. 

Gen. Tuttle is tall of stature, being six feet in 
height, and well proportioned, very erect and of 
commanding appearance. He is unassuming in 
ipanner, but firm and resolute where principle is at 
stake. As his history shows he has won distinction 
as a soldier, and in private life commands the re- 
spect and esteem of his fellow-citizens, regardless 
of party affiliations. 


lEN. ED WRIGHT, of Des Moines, one of 
IJie best known and most highly respected 
^^sft citizens of Iowa, who is now Custodian of 
the public buildings and State property at the 
Capitol, is a native of the Buckeye Slate. He was 
born on a farm near Salem, Columbiana County 
(now Mahoning), on the 27th of June, 1827. His 
ancestors were of English origin, and were resi- 
dents of the Shenandoah Valley, in Virginia, from 
a period shortly prior to the War of the Revolu- 
tion until 1803, when they emigrated as a colony 
to Ohio, and settled in Columbiana Countj-. They 
were of the good old Quaker faith, and were among 
the most worthj- of the early pioneers of that sec- 
tion of the State. Joseph Wright, the great-grand- 
father of our subject, was the venerable leader of 
the colonj". His son, Joseph, Jr., with his wife and 
son James, accompanied the father to Ohio, and 
located in Columbiana Count}'. Other members 
of the family branched off and settled in Hardin 
County, of the same Slate, and greatly increased in 
numbers. James Wright, son of Josei)h, was born 
in Bedford County, Va., on the 17ili of June, 1803, 
and was an infant when taken by his parents to the 
Buckeye State. In 1824 he was joined in wedlock 
with Miss Mary Ilinchman, a native of New Jersey, 
who settled in Ohio about the same time her hus- 
band became a resident of that State. They reared 
a family of six children, four sons and two daugh- 
ters, all of whom are living at this writing. Mr. 
Wright detested nicknames and determined to 
name his sons in such a manner that it would not 

be possible to abreviate them. The subject of our 
sketch, who is the eldest, was called Ed ; the sec- 
ond, Hugh, is now living in New Lisbon, Ohio; 
Seth, is a resident of Coal Creek, Col., while the 
3-oiingest son. Lot, resides in Lebanon, Ohio. The 
eldest sister, Eliza, is the wife of James C. Trotter, 
of Salem, Ohio; and Lovinia is the widow of W. 
R. Ullery, of Coal Cre^k, Col. J.imes Wright was 
a farmer, and was associated with his brother, who was a carpenter and millwright, and 
the}- were proprietors of two mills, a sawmill and 
gristmill. He led a useful and upright life and 
died in 1856, at the age of fift}'-three years. His 
good wife survived him many years, and passed 
away in 1884. 

Gen. E^d Wright was educated in the common 
schools and in Linnean Academy, at Atwater, Por- 
tage County, Ohio. In his youth he was em[)lo3'ed 
about his father's farm and mills, and being famil- 
iar with the use of carpenter's tools from childhood, 
acquired a knowledge of house carpentering and 
millwright work under the direction of his uncle, 
and was employed in that branch of industr}-. He 
was also engaged for a few terms in teaching school. 
One of the most important events of his life occur- 
red about this time — his marriage to Miss Martha 
Thompson, which was celebrated in Allegheny 
City, Pa., on the 23d of March, 1848. The lady 
is a daughter of William Thompson, a farmer of 
Columbiana County, Ohio, where she was reared to 

For a few years following his marriage. Gen. 
Wright took charge of the saw and flouring mills 
at Deerficld, Ohio, known as Wright's Mills, and in 
1852 removed to Cedar Count}', Iowa, where he 
engaged in farming in S|)ringdale Township, in 
connection with house building. On the formation 
of the Republican party, he joined its ranks, and 
began to be prominent in politics. In 1856 he was 
elected Representative to the General Assembly, 
and re-elected in 1857 and 1859, serving three 
terms. After 1856 he wjis engaged exclusively in 
agricultural pursuits, until he entered the military 
service of the Government in the late War, as Ma- 
jor of the Twenty-fourth Iowa Infantry, receiving 
his-commission September 18, 1862. He served in 
the Mississippi Valley, in the Thirteenth and Nine- 



teenth Army Corps, and participated in the battles 
of Ft. Gibson, Champion Hills, the siege of Vicks- 
burg and the battle of Jackson, Miss. In the lat- 
ter part of 1863, with his regiment, he went to 
New Orleans on the Red River campaign. Early 
in July, 1864, a part of the Nineteenth Corps, 
which included his regiment, was ordered to the 
Shenandoah Valley, and participated in the battle 
of Winchester, and in October, following, was in 
the engagement at Cedar Creek. In January, 1865, 
they went to Savannah, Ga., and from there to 
Moorhead, to guard Sherman's supplies, and were 
finally mustered out at Sav.annah, July 17, 1865. 
Gen. Wright was twice wounded. First at the bat- 
tle of Champion Hills, where he received a flesh 
wound in the thigh, and again at the battle of Ce- 
dar Creek, wlirre he was hit in the arm and hip. 
In recognition of his services, he was brevetted 
Brigadier-General, to date from March 13, 1865. 

After the close of the war, Gen. Wright returned 
to his farm in Iowa, and the following fall was again 
elected to the Legislature. He honored by being 
chosen speaker of the House, of the Eleventh Gen- 
eral Assembly, in which position he proved a pop- 
lar officer. In October, 1866, he was elected Secre- 
tary of State, was re-elected in November, 1868, and 
again in October,1870,serving in all six consecutive 
years. ^ In 1873 he was appointed Secretary of the 
Board of Capitol Commissioners, and assistant su- 
perintendent of construction of the Capitol. He 
performed the arduous duties devolving upon him 
with exactness and fidelit}-, and on abolishment of 
the Board of Capitol Commissioners, and the crea- 
tion of the office of Custodian of Public Buildings 
and Property, he was appointed to that office, and 
has since served in that capacity. He has now 
been connected with the State .service in the vari- 
ous positions named for a period of twenty-four 
years, during which time he has proved a faithful 
and competent officer, and has won the confidence 
and respect of all who are familiar with his prompt 
and faithful discharge of duty. 

Since December, 1866, on his election to the of- 
fice of Secretary of State, Gen. AVright has made 
his home in Des Moines. On the 27th of June, 
1877, on his fifliolh birthday, he wms called to 
mourn the loss of his wife, who died on that day, 

leaving her husband and two daughters. She was 
a consistent member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, a faithful wife and a loving mother of four 
children, two of whom are deceased. Asenath,the 
eldest, died at the age of six years; Frank, the only 
son, died in infancy; Celia, is the wife of D. P. 
Cleveland, a resident of Norwalk, Ohio; Flora, is 
unmarried, and resides with her father. 

Gen. Wright is a member of Kinsman Post, No. 
7, G. A. R., the only civic society to which he be- 
longs. He is a stockholder and director in the 
Citizens' National Bank of Des Moines, but other- 
wise has no business relations not connected with 
his official position. His popularity and promi- 
nence are indicated by the important positions 
which he has been called upon to fill, and, as before 
stated, he is one of the most highly esteemed citi- 
zens of Iowa. 

^Jl K. MACOMBER, County Attorney of Polk 
County, and one of the leading members of 
the bar, is located at 214 West Fourth Street. 
He is widelj' known throughout the State, 
having been connected with the f.iculty of the Ag- 
ricultural College at Ames, which won him an ex- 
tensive acquaintance, as well as the many friends 
that he has gained during his career as a lawj-er. 
Mr. Macomber is a native of the old B.iy State, and 
traces his ancestry back through many generations 
of Scottish people to the original progenitor of the 
family who lived more than four centuries ago. 
His father was K. AV. Macomber, and his mother's 
maiden name was Martha Alexander. Their mar- 
riage took place on the 12th of December, 1839, 
and in 1855, they emigrated with their family to 
Cass County, Iowa, settling near Atlantic, where 
they made their home for five 3'ears, when they be-- 
came residents of Lewis, the county seat of that 
county, where members of the family- still reside. 
Four children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Macomber, 
namely : Mrs. Belle Re3'nolds, who is eng.ngcd in 
the practice of medicine in Chicago; Dr. Henry K., 
.•I practicing physician of Pasadena, Cal.. where he 
located in 1882; J. K., of this sketch; and Frank 



.T.. who is an attorney of Lewis, Iowa. George, 
the deceased son and brother was the youngest 
member of the family. He was formerly a mer- 
chant of Lewis, Iowa, but died in California, whither 
he had gone, hoping to benefit his health, in 188L 
The early Ijoyliood d.ays of our subject were 
spent upon his father's farm, but for three years, 
between the ages of fourteen and seventeen, he was 
engaged in assisting his father in operating the 
wagon freight line between Omaha and Central 
City, Col., after which he assisted his father on his 
large farm near Lewis for two or three years, during 
the summer season, while the winter months were 
spent as a teacher in the public schools. In 1869, 
at the age of twenty years, he entered the State 
Agricultural College at Ames, Iowa, from which he 
graduated in the class of 1872. When his course 
was completed he was appointed instructor in that 
college and after teaching two years entered the 
institute of technology in Boston. Mass., where he 
remained several montlis, jtursuing the study of 
physics, which he continued in Cornell Universitj' 
during the winter of 1875-G. When not other- 
wise employed he continued to teach in the Agri- 
cultural College until 1878, when lie was appointed 
to full professorship in the institution and served 
as a member of the faculty until 1883, wiien he 
resigned to engage in tlie practice of law, having 
in the meantime fitted himself for that profession. 
He was admitted to the bar in Cass County in 1879, 
and is now one of the active and leading members 
of the bar of Polk County. He is a gentleman of 
culture and of varied and extensive reading, which 
adds greatly to his success in his professional career. 
He is familiar with all the leading issues of the 
daj', and possesses the qualifications necessary to a 
successful lawyer. Before he undertakes a case he 
gives to it a careful consideration and earnest 
study, viewing the question from all standpoints 
and is therefore ready to meet any argument which 
may be brought u|i against him. In 1888, he suc- 
ceeded W. W. I'liiUips as County Attorney of Polk 
County, and it is needless to say proved an 
able and elliciont odicer. Since 1889, Mr. Macomber 
has been associated in business with his brother-in- 
law, Frank V. Locke, who studied with Judge 
George M. (! of Ninton, Iowa, an<l was ad- 

mitted to the bar in Hutchinson, Reno County, 
Kan. Subsequent to that time he engaged in prac- 
tice in McPherson, Kan., but in the year above 
mentioned formed a partneiship withMr. Macomber. 
The gentlemen comprising the firm are genial, social 
men and have succeeded in building up a large 
and lucrative practice. 

In 1877, Mr. Macomber was united in marriage 
with l\Iiss Mattie A. Locke, a lady of culture and 
refinement, who graduated with her husband from 
the Ames Agricultural College, in the class of 1872. 
Their union has been blessed with five children, 
three sons and two daughters. 


AURISTON TWINING, real-estate dealer 
and lawyer of Des Moines, is a native of 
Iowa City, Iowa, born June 7, 1848. He is a 
direct descendant of Thomas Twining, the progeni- 
tor of the American branch of the family, who set- 
tled at Cape Cod in 1640, only twent3- years after 
the landing of the Pilgrim Fathers. A sketch of 
his parents is given in connection with that of Dr. 
E. T. Twining on another page of this work. 

After attenduig the public and select schools 
until seventeen years of age, Mr. Twining entered 
the Iowa Wesleyan University at Mt. PleasanC, and 
subsequently became a student in the Iowa State 
University, at Iowa City, completing the course of 
the junior year. Failing health then caused him to 
leave college but after a time he read law under 
J. F. McJunkin, ex-Attorney-General of Iowa, and 
was admitted to the bar at AVashington, in 1871. 
After practicing in city for some four years he 
removed to Corning, Adams Countj-, where he 
prosecuted his profession and made a complete set 
of abstract books for that county and served as 
Mayor of that city for one year. In 1882, he came 
to DeslSIoines, and has been in the real-estate busi- 
ness since, handling chiefly his own i)roperty. He 
is also making a special study of real-estate law 
and as taken an active part in platting portions of 
the city, among which m.'iy be mentioned Twiuing's 
official plat. Twelfth and Laurel Streets, Lake Park, 
where he erected the first two houses, and Twin- 



^ --/ 




ing-'s Addition just north of the river. He has 
taken an active part in tlie public affairs of North 
Des Moines and has served as C'onnciiman and a 
member of tl:e School Board. 

At Washington, Iowa, on tlie 3d of June, 1873, 
^Ir. Twilling was joined in wcdiociv witii Miss Laura 
A. Botliin, who was born in Miami County, Oliio, 
Mareii 2, 18.')2, and went with her parents to Illi- 
nois, where she received her education, completing 
her school life 1)\- her graduation from the Female 
College of Jacksonvillo. They have four chil- 
dren — Arthur B., Granville II., Edward L. and 
Inez A., and the family circle remains unbroken. 
The parents are loyal members of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church and take an active part in its 
upbuilding and advancement. Mr. Twining is 
always well-informed on the leading issues of the 
da.y and in [Kjlitics is a Republican. He owns some 
fine properl3' in the city as the result of judicious 
investments, and in connection with his real-estate 
business owns half the stock in the Guarantee Ab- 
stract Compan}'. which has one of the best set of 
abstract books ui the city. Though comparatively 
aj-oungman he has witdessed the growth of Des 
Moines from its early infancy. In 1854 and 1855. 
his father being stationsd here on ministerial work, 
he played ball on "the commons," where now 
stands the court-house and the surrounding busi- 
ness blocks. He remembers distinctly of seeing 
some live hundred Indians have a war dance where 
now he beholds tlie first cit3^ in the State. 

^A OL. CONDUCE H. GATCH, State Senator, 
l( ^ and a prominent lawyer of Des Moines, was 
^^^' born near Milford, Clermont County. Ohio, 
Jidy 25, 1825, and is a son of Philip and Mary 
(Dimmitt) Gatch. His father, a well-to-do farmer, 
was a native of Buckingham County, Va., born in 
1793. The family of which the Colonel is a mem- 
ber, yfas founded in America, by (Jodfrey Gatch, 
who emigrated from his home in Prussia, and set- 
tled in Maryland in 1725. He was the great-great- 
grandfather, and Conduce Gatch the great-grand- 
father of our subject. I'hilip Gatch, grandfather 

of the Colonel, was a nunil)erof the (irsl conference 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church organized in 
America. In his early life he a slave owner 
in Virginia, but in 1798, liberating his slaves, he 
removed to the Xortiiwest Territory, settling near 
Cincinnati, Ohio. He was a, member of tlie con- 
vention that framed the first constitution for Ohio, 
and for many years was Associate Judge of Cler- 
mont County, that Slate. 

Col. Gatch's mother was born in Jefferson County, 
^'a., in 1798, and William Dimmitt, his great-great- 
giandfather on the maternal side, having emigrated 
from Germany, also settled, as did Godfrey Gatch, 
in what is now Baltimore County, Maryland, and 
probabl3' at about the sauie time. 

Col. Gatch remained on his father's farm in Ohio 
until seventeen years of age, during which time he 
attended school in the winter season, while the re- 
maining nine months of the year were spent at farm 
labor. By close apjilication to his studies in leisure 
hours, he qualified himself at the age above men- 
tioned, to enter Augusta College, of Augusta, Ky., 
where he pursued a regular course of study. On 
its completion he entered upon the study of law 
in Xenia, Ohio, and was admitted to the bar at 
Columbus, in the same State, in 1848. Heengagtd 
in practice at Xenia, and after having established 
himself in business, on the 5th of September, 1850, 
was united in marri.age in Cincinnati, with Miss 
Mary E. Stewart, daughter of Dr. James B. Stew- 
art. Mrs. Gatch was born in Monroe, Ohio, and 
is of Scotch Irish descent. Five children grace 
their union, one son and four daughters. The son, 
Elwood S., wedded Miss Emma Gr.ay, and is en- 
gaged in the wholesale and retail crockery business 
in Des Moines, Iowa, and Omaha, Neb., the firm 
name of the Des Moines house being Perkins it 
Gatch, while that in Omaha is Perkins, Gatch & 
Lauman. The eldest daughter, Eva S., is now the 
wife of Judge William Connor, of the firm of Gatch, 
Connor & Weaver, of Des Moines; Annie M., is 
the wife of P. A. Lauman, of the firm of Perkins, 
Gatch ife Lauman, of Omaha; Mary and Ruth G. 
are unmarried. 

In 1849, Col. Gatch removed to Kenton, Ohio, 
where lie continued to reside until after tlie close 
of the war. He was elected Prosecuting Attornej' 



of that count3', and in 1858, at the age of thirtj'- 
three 3'ears, was elected to the Ohio Senate to 
represent the district couiposed of Hardin, Logan, 
Alarion and Union Counties. In the j'ear 1861, at 
the breaking out of the late war, he raised a company 
of the Thirty-third Ohio Infantry, of which he 
was commissioned Captain, and participated in the 
successful campaigns in Tennessee. Kentucky, and 
Alabama, which residted in the capture of Bowling 
Green, Nashville, Murfreesboro. Shelbyville, and 
Huntsville. During the latter part of his service 
in the array, he was Lieutenant Colonel of the One 
Hundred and Thirty-fiflh Ohio Regiment. Col. 
Gatch was a Whig in political sentiment in early 
life, and was one of the first to ioin in the organiza- 
tion of tlie Republican part}'. He was a delegate to 
the First National Republican Convention, in 1856, 
which nominated Gen. John C. Fremont for the 
Presidency, and was also a delegate to the National 
Republican Convention of 1884, which nominated 
■lames G. Blaine as Chief Magistrate of the coun- 

In 1866, Col. Gatch, accura|)anied by his family, 
came to Des Moines, where he has since resided. 
He soon won prominence at tiie bar in iiis new field 
of labor, and being an earnest and active Repub- 
lican took a leading part in support of his part}- in 
campaigning service. At one time he lield the 
offlce of District Attorney of Polk County, but re- 
signed the position after a little more than a 3ear's 
service, as the discharge of its <luties interfered 
with his regular practice. In the fall of 1885. he 
was elected to the State Senate from Des Moines, 
and in the Twenty liist General AssembI}' served 
on important committees. In the T went}' second 
General Assembly he was Chairman of the Appro- 
priation Committee, one of the most important of 
the Senate committees. After serving his first term 
of four years, he was re-elected in the fall of 1889, 
for a second term of like duration, which gives him 
eight years in that body. The Colonel has proved 
a faithful and earnest legislator, always fearless in 
the expression of his opinions, and honest and zeal- 
ous in the performance of every duty. 

An old member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, Col. (iatch has lioriie a prominent and use- 
ful part in the support and diivctioii of the affairs 

of that church. He has twice been a delegate to 
the General Conference, first in Baltimore in 1876, 
and again in Cincinnati in 1880. He is a member 
of the Masonic fraternity belonging to Pioneer 
Lodge, No. 22. A. F. & A. M., and is also a mem- 
ber of the Grand Army of the Republic, and of the 
Loyal Legion of the United States. 

The present law firm of (Jatcli, Connor & Weaver, 
of which Col. Gatch is the senior member, ;was or- 
ganized in 1885, and is one of the leading law firms 
of Iowa. The legal business of the Colonel has not 
been of that character which would call him so fre- 
quently into the local courts as that of some other 
lawyers, it consisting largely of litigation in the 
United States Circuit and Supreme Courts, involv- 
ing extensive landed interests. He is recognized 
as a lawyer of superior ability, and is well grounded 
in the principles of his profession. Exact and thor- 
ough in the preparation of his cases, strong, clear 
and forcible in argument, he holds the attention of 
a jury, and commands the respect of the court. 
Honesty of purpose, sincerity and unswerving in- 
tegrity are the strong . characteristics that have 
marked the public and private life of Col. G.atch. 
He has but little of the suave and urbane manner 
which usually marks the successful politician, and 
his personal popularity, which is so great, is ;nore 
the result of the possession of the sterner qualities 
that beget confidence, and command respect. See 


^ji^^OAII M. GEIL, who since 1855 has been a 
jfj resident of this county, now resides on sec- 
^i^ tion 29, Bloomficld Township. As he is 
well-known throughoul the community, and is re- 
garded as one of the representative citizens, we feel 
that this sketch will be of interest to any of our 
readers. The history of liis life is as follows: He 
was liorn in Fairfield County, Ohio. May 2:?, 1823, 
being the son of Christian and Mary (Rodol|)h) 
Geil, whose family numbered thirteen children, 
seven sons and six daughters. Mr. Geil was a na- 
tive of Pennsylvania, but when a small child 
taken by his parents to Ohio, where he was reared 



to manhood. He made farming his business 
throughout life, and upon the old homestead in 
Fail-field County, Ohio, passed to his last rest in 
1805. His wife was born in Virginia, but also be- 
came a resident of the Buckeye Stale in early life. 
All of their children grew to mature years, but 
only six are now living: Elmanuel, a resident of 
Lancaster, Fairlield County, Ohio; Daniel, who re- 
sides in Darke Count}', Ohio; Joseph, a farmer of 
Bloomfield Township; Noah, the subject of this 
sketch; Margaret, wife of George Waygum, of 
Fairlield County, Ohio; and Sarah, wife of CJeorge 
Griunn, a resident farmer of Darke County, Ohio. 
Those who have passed away are: Jesse, who died 
in Mercer Countj', Ohio; .lacob, who died in Polk 
County, in 1879, from disease contracted while a 
soldier in the late war; Israel died in his native 
county; Rachel died at the age of sixteen j'cars; 
Rosanna, wife of Jacob Insel, a resident of Fairlield 
County, Ohio; Mary, wife of B. Berry, of Darke 
Count}', Ohio; and Elizabeth, wife of Simon Berry, 
who is now living in Kansas. After the death of 
her husband, Mrs. Geil, the mother of this family, 
went to make her home with her daughter in Darke 
Count3% Ohio, where her death occurred. Mr. Geil 
and his wife were numbered among the pioneers of 
Fairfield Count}-, where many j'cars of their lives 
were spent. Greatly respected by all who knew 
them, they had many warm friends in the commu- 
nity, and were widely known. 

Noah (ieil has been a successful business man, 
and is numbered among the well to-do farmers of 
BloomQeld Township. He was early inured to hard 
labor, his early life being spent upon a wild and 
unbroken farm in Fairfield County, Ohio. The 
greater part of the development of the land de- 
volved ui)on him and his brother Jesse. It was no 
easy task to clear away the heavy timber, |)low the 
hitherto unbroken land, and place it in a conditicjn 
to yield a sulllcient income for the wants of the 
family. The work, however, was at length accom- 
plished, and although it doubtless proved burden- 
some at the time, was an excellent training school 
for the i)hysical natures of the lads engaged in it. 
lutil twenty years of age Mr. Geil remained under 
the parental roof. He then began learning the tan- 
ner's trade, at which he served a two years' ai»pren- 

ticeshi[), receiving #10 per mouth as compensation 
for his services. It was not long before he had 
mastered the business, and until 185;') he followed 
it for a livelihood. 

In the meantime Mr. Geil was united in marriage 
with Miss Soiihia Berry, the wedding taking place 
in Fairfield County, in 1850. The lady is a daugh- 
ter of Joseph and Barbara (Miller) Berry, the 
former of \'irginia, the latter of Pennsylvania. The 
father's death occurred in Ohio some years ago, 
but the mother is still living, and makes her home 
«ith Mrs. Geil. Should she be S|>ared until the 2d 
of May,18'.t0, she will have reached her ninel}'- 
sixth year. The family of this worthy couple 
iiumbered twelve children, but only four are now 
living: Christian, a resident of Jasi)er County, 
111.; David, of Warren County, Iowa; Sail}', widow 
of Abraham \Vellty,a resident of Fairfield County, 
Ohio; and Sophia, wife of our subject. 

In 1855, Mr. Geil accompanied by his famil}', 
came to Polk Count}', making his first location in 
Saylor Township. At the time of his arrival an old 
mill, known as the Shepherd Mill, marked the site 
of the State Capitol, while East Des Moines con- 
tained but one log cabin. The greater part of the 
land was still in its primitive condition, prairies 
were unbroken, and the woodman's axe never 
awakened the echoes in the forest. In company 
with his brother-in-law, A. T. Berry, Mr. Geil pur- 
chased two hundred and seventy acres of wild land, 
the only improvement thereon being a little log 
cabin. Into that they moved, rnixking it their home 
for a period of eighteen months. The men in the 
meantime were busily engaged in breaking prairie, 
planting crops and otherwise develo[)ing a fyrm. 
The year after their arrival tliey planted sixty 
acres of sod corn, but in 1857, they sold the farm 
in S.aylor Townshi|) and purch.ased two hundied 
acres of land in Warren County, Iowa, twenty 
acres of which had been broken. They fenced their 
land, an<l develoi)ed two farms in that county, and 
were quite successful in their operations, but in 
180(5 Mr. Geil returned to Polk County. He pur- 
chased seventy acres of land in Bloomfield Towii- 
shi|i,.-\nd through his indefatigable labors has made 
one of the Itest farms in the community. All the 
necessary improvements are there found, incliuling 



excellent barns and outbuildings, and the boundii- 
ries have been extended until it now comprises one 
hundred and eighty acres. 

Eight children have been born of the union of 
Mr. and Mrs. Geil: Naomi, the eldest, wedded 
"Wilson McWilliams, but is now deceased; Barbara 
is the wife of .John Manbeek, a resident of Des 
Moines; -Joseph. Mar}' and David B. are at home; 
Frank F. wedded Miss Cora Lowe, and is engaged 
in farming in Bloomfield Township; .Jonas and 
Ida are deceased. 

In politics Mr. Geil is independent, voting for 
the man and not the part\-. He supported the Re- 
publican party for many years, but believing it for 
the best interests of the communit}', he took an in- 
dependen"; stand. Social, moral and educational 
interests find in him a ready supporter, and he is a 
liberal contributor to the cause of Christ, he and 
his wife being members of the Brethren in Christ. 

^^ LBERT BELL, a representative farmer re 
( @7lI| | siding on section 16, Bloomfield Township, 
is a native of the Buckeye State. His birth 
occurred in Harrison County, on the 20th 
of September, 1839, he being a son of Samuel and 
Rachel (Croskey) Bell. The ancestry of the Bell 
family can be traced back to heland but tlic Croskey 
family is of German origin. Samuel Bell was a 
native of Pennsylvania and b}' occui)ation was a 
farmer, which business he followed in Ohio until 
1 S')6, when he came with his family to Polk County, 
Iowa. Purchasing forty acies of wild land, he 
1 herefrom developed a farm, upon which he re- 
sided until his death. We can gain some idea of 
the unsettled condition of the county at that time, 
from the f.act that Des Moines then contained only 
about two thousand inhabitants and what is now Sec- 
ond Street was then the main street of the city. 
There were only about six stores and the Des 
Moines House was the priiuiiial hotel. In fact it 
was considered one of the best Ir)IcIs in this part of 
the .State. .Settling upon the land which he pur- 
chased, Mr. Bell turned his attention to its cultiva- 
tion and development and became one of the 

prosperous farmers of the community. He was 
also one of the well known and valued citizens and 
served as Superintendent of schools of Polk County. 
In political sentiment he was a stanch Democrat 
and took an active part in local political affairs. 
To the Church work he gave liberally, his member- 
ship being with the Christian Church. He was just 
and honorable in all his dealings, pleasant and 
genial in manner, and made friends wherever he 
went. His life was well spent and he was ready to 
respond to the final summons which came March 17, 
1877. He was buried in tlie cemetery of Des 

The family of Mr. and IMrs. Bell numbered six 
children, three of whom are now deceased, namely; 
Jackson. .Tohn and Caroline. Those still living 
are Catherine, wife of Philander Smith, a farmer of 
Bloomfield Township; Albert, the subject of this 
sketch; and Rachel, wife of Cyrus A. Mosier. 
She has a family of six children as follows: 
Lenorc, wife of Harry L. Devin of Washington; 
Blanche, wife of H. E. Snook of Bloomfield Town- 
ship; Albert G., who also lives in the State of 
Washington; Charles R., Rachel and M.ack at home. 

The mother of this family is still living with her 
son on the old homestead, where in all probabilitj' 
she will spend the remainder of her days. She 
has now reached the eighty-fourth year of her .age, 
but yet enjoys a good degree of health. Like 
her husband she is an earnest and consistent mem- 
ber of the Christian Church, who delights in doing 
good and is ever ready to extend a helping hand 
to the poor and needy. 

In his native State our subject received his edu- 
cation, his ailvant.ages being such as the common 
schools of that daj' afforded. He was a young man 
of seventeen years when he accompanied his par- 
ents to Iowa. He at once assisting his 
father in the development of a farm and operated 
the same until his father's death, when he assumed 
entire control. He spends his time in looking 
after its interests and caring for his loved mother 
who is now quite aged. 

His neighbors appreciating the worth and ability 
of Mr. Bell have frequently called upon him to 
serve in otlicial positions. He is now the present 
Town Clerk of Bloomfield Township, which ollice he 



Las lit'ld for the past ten years and has also been 
School Treasurer for about the same length of time. 
The duties of the ollice of township trustee he has 
discliarged, and in every ollicial position which he 
has filled lie has manifested a spirit of fidelity and 
loyality which won the confidence of all concerned. 
Like his father he is a stalwart supporter of Demo- 
cratic principles and does all in his power to 
advance the interests of that party. 

4^^ Oh. WILLIAM H. JIERRITT, Postmaster 
[11 .^ of DesMoines, and a pioneer of Iowa of 

^^^' 1838, was born in the city of New York, 
September 12, 1820, and is a son of Dr. Jesse and 
Harriet (Hilton) Merritt. His father was a native 
of Connecticut, born March 19, 17!)0, of English 
parentage. The paternal grandfather of our sub- 
ject was one of foui- brothers who were born in 
Connecticut, their parents having emigrated from 
England to America prior to the Revolutionary 
War. One settled in New York, one in Canada, 
another in South Carolina, and the fourth remained 
in Connecticut. The maternal grandmother of our 
subject was a daughter of Joseph Griswold, and a 
native of England. With her parents, she also 
settled in this countr}' in Colonial days. Their 
home in New York City, on the Battery. The 
maternal grandmother resided with her family on 
the Hudson River, at the time of the Revolu- 
tionary War, and was driven from her home by 
the English soldiers. 

Dr. Jesse Merritt, the father of the Colonel, was 
a merchant on Chatham Street, N. Y., in early life. 
and wlien William H. was about a j'car old re- 
moved with his family to Ithaca, where he resided 
eleven years. He continued mercliaiulising there 
and also studied medicine, receiving his diploma 
during the time. About 1832 he removed to Cat- 
taraugus County, N. Y., settling in Lodi, now 
known as Gowanda, vvhere he practiced medicine 
until 1837, when he removed to Hufifalo, and en- 
gaged in the real-estate business, in connection 
with the practice of his profession, continuing his 
residence in that city until his death, which oc- 

curred in 1850. His wife .lied in Ithaca, in 1825. 

The subject of this sketch received his literary 
education in the Genesee Wesle3'an I'niversitj', of 
Lima, N. Y., and in 1838, went to Rock Island, 
111. After sijending a few months at that place as 
merchants' clerk he continued his journey to Ivan- 
hoe, Linn County, in the Territory of Iowa, for 
the purpose of managing a l)ranch store for his 
employers at that place, then only a frontier ham- 
let. The white population of Linn County at that 
time did not exceed one hundred, all told, and his 
principal trade was with the Sac and Fox Indians. 
Mr. Merritt was the first man who ever sold goods 
in the interior of Iowa, except the licensed Indian 
traders. In 1840 he closed up the business at 
Ivanuoe and removed to Burlinglon, Iowa, to accept 
the appointment of enrolling clerk of the Territo- 
rial Council, whose sessions were held in the old 
Zion Methodist Episcopal Church of that place, in 
the winter of 1840-1. After the adjournment of 
the Council he returned to Linn County, and in 
1842, went to Buffalo, N. Y., where he engaged in 
the mercantile iiusiness with his father. In 1847 
he returned to Iowa and took charge of the Miner's 
Express, a daily paper of Dubuque, which he con- 
ducted until the fall of 1818, when he sohl out and 
went on a Government survc}' in the northern part 
of the State. 

In January', 184'J, the gold discoveries in Cali- 
fornia attracted the attention of Col. Merritt, and 
he determined to try his fortune in that direction. 
The jouiney was made by stage to St. Louis and 
thence bj' steamer to New Orleans, where he 
boarded a sixty-ton schooner bound for the Isth- 
mus, which was reached after twenty-four days on 
the gulf, in very stormy weather. Prom the Isth- 
mus he went bj' the customary route to San Fran- 
cisco. He was engaged in mining and trading in 
California until March, 1851, when he returned 
homeand joined W. A. .lones in the purchase of the 
Miiwr'x Express, of Dulnique, which at the end of 
two years was consolidated with l\w //cnild. While 
conducting the pa|)er, Mr. Merritt was appointed 
Surveyor of the Port of Dubucjue, ab mt 1852, be- 
ing the first ollicer of the kind in Iowa. Two 
years later he severed his connection with the pa- 
per and acceiited the api)ointnient c)f tegister of 



Ibe newly created land office at Fort Dodge, and 
entered upon the duties of that position in Novem- 
ber, 1855. Gen. Verplank Van Antwerp, who was 
the receiver of the first land office in the State, in 
connection with Gen. A. C. Dodge, held the same 
position in the new oflicc at Fort Dodge. Col. 
Merritt served as register until the fall of 1857, 
during which time two million acres of land had 
been sold through the office, and then resigned to 
enter into the banking business at Cedar Kapids 
with George and William Green under the firm 
name of Green, Merritt & Co., successors to Green, 
Ware & Co., which continued until 1861. 

At the breaking out of the late war Mr. Merritt 
withdrew from his business interests to enter the 
service, at the first call of President Lincoln for 
three months troops. He was first elected Captain 
of Companj- K, Fii'sl Iowa Infantry, whicii honor 
he declined, after which he was elected Lieutenant- 
Colonel of the regiment and so comrai.ssioned. 
Owing to the illness of Col. IJates, Col. Merritt led 
that gallant regiment at the hotlj" contested battle 
of Wilson's Creek, Mo., where he exhibited much 
coolness and braver}'. When Gen. Lyon fell, mor- 
tally' wounded, on that occasion, he stood within a 
few steps of that nuble officer. At the expiration 
of four months, when the regiment was mustered 
out, Col. Merritt w:us up|)<iinted on tlie staff of 
Gen. McClellan with tiie rank of Colonel of Cav- 
alry. He was strongly [>rescntcd f(n- promotion to 
Brigadier-General, and was to have gone to Texas 
on an expedition with (Jen. Kilpatrick, but differ- 
ent orders were issued and he was stationed in Ft. 
Leavenworth, Kan., where he remained till late in 
18G2, when he resignid and returned to Iowa. He 
sulisecjuently raised a company at Cedar Rapids 
for the Sixth Cavalrj', under the promise of a com- 
mission as Lieutenant-Colonel, failing of which he 
resigned and again engaged in the newspaper bus- 

I^ocating in DesMoines, Col. Merritt purchased 
the SUilcsiiiaiu which he published initil 1800, 
when he sold out and started a farm on Walnut 
Creek, in Folk County, where he engaged exten- 
sively in the growing of hops, but the grasshop- 
pers ruined his crops and caused hiin to 
heavily. A year lalir he rented his farm and, 

with William Irving & Co., contractors, engaged 
in building the Rockford, Rock Island & St. Louis 
Railroad. In connection with Judge Green & 
Bro., he was contractor and superintendent of con- 
struction of the line between Beardstown, 111., and 
Lower Alton. He was engaged in railroading 
several years, during which time he built a portion 
of the Ohio Central Railroad, and was connected 
with the Continental Road, operating in Ohio and 
Indiana, with headquarters at Ft. Wayne, from 
1870 until 1873. In 1880 he returned to Des- 
Moines, and in March of that year was elected 
Mayor of the cit}-, which position he held through 
two years. In 1883 and 1884, he was engaged in 
constructing a portion of the Danville, Olne^- ife 
Ohio River Railroad, after which he was not in ac- 
tive business until appointed Postmaster of Des- 
Moines, in September, 1886, which position be 
holds at this writing. Col. Merritt has made an 
efficient and popular Postmaster, his administration 
of the office having been conducted with such 
ability and fidelit}-, that, although now serving 
under a Republican adininistr.ation. there is a large 
portion of those opposed to him in politics who 
will be sorry to see him superseded. The office is 
an important one and requires a force of fifty em- 
ployes to perform the necessary duties. The post- 
master is the custodian of the building and Gov- 
ernment property connected with it. Col. Merritt 
has always been a consistent Democrat, and has 
been influential in the councils of his part}' in Iowa 
for many years. During the war he was the Demo- 
cratic candidate for Ciovernor. and was defeated 
by only eight thousand majority- in a State noted 
for being one of the most radical Republican 
strongholds in the Union. 

Col. Merritt, on the 8tli of .lanuary, 1816, in 
Silver Creek, near Buffalo, N. Y., was united in 
marriage with Miss Marcia M. Sutherland, a daugh- 
ter of Solomon and Rebecca Sutherland. She was 
born in Chautauqua County, X. Y., and comes of 
a [)rominent and inllucntial family of that .State, of 
which the late .Judge Sulherlaml, of the Sui)reme 
Bench, was a member. Seven children were born 
to Col. and Mrs. Merritt. of whom only three sons 
arc now living. Kdward .S., the eldest, married 
INIiss Bertha Kidd. and is SuiK>rintendent of the 



('iiniiTS of the Des Moiues post-office; A\'illi:im II., 
.Ir., is associated in business with J. D. Seebui'gcr in 
the hardware business, in Des Moines; and Douglas 
D. is connected with the Cliicago Lumber Com- 
pany, of Denver, Col. Mrs. Merritt is a nieinbev 
of St. Paul's Episcopal Church, of Des Moines. 

The Colonel is an Odd Fellow and a Mason, and 
has passed all the Chairs in the former order. He 
has no business interests in this cit}', but is inter- 
ested in mining operations in Arizona. A little 
more than a half century has intervened since Col. 
Merritt first entered the Territory of Iowa and 
sold goods to the dusky natives, and more than 
forty years have |)assed since he first conducted 
one of the leading journals of the State. During 
all these years he has made Iowa his home and has 
been identified in one way or another with the 
growth and development of the State. As a citi- 
zen, he has always been highly esteemed for his 
upright, manly and patriotic course in public and 
private life, and for his kindly, genial manner to 
all with whom he has had business or social rela- 

HILANDER SMITH is a representative of 
jjj one of t!ie pioneer families of the county 
and is now owner of one of its most valua- 
ble farms. His landed possessions comprise 
four hundred acres,under a high slate of cultiva- 
tion and well improved. 

Mr. Smith is a native of Illinois, having been 
born on the Cth of .lune, 18.'i5, in Fiillun County. 
His parents, .lames and Eliza (Cojieland ) Smith, 
were both natives of Kentucky and of Irish descent. 
His father is also a farmer and en;)aged in the cul- 
tivation of land in his native Slate until 1835, 
when he removed to Fulton County, III. In con- 
nection with his agricullural pursuits, he there 
Worked in an oil mill and also stocked plows in a 
factory at CantoH. He emigrated to Missouri in an 
early day, probably aliout the year 1810, and en- 
gaged in the nursery" business for about three years. 
The spring of 1847 witnessed his arrival in I'olk 
County. Iou;i, himself and two sons making the 
journey I'roni Cairo by boat to (^)uiiicy, 111. As the 

river was still frozen over, they could proceed no 
farther in that manner and were compelled to walk 
the remainder of the distance, two hundred and 
sixty-five miles. On his arrival, Mr. Smith made 
a claim in what is now Delaware Township, but 
after two years sold out and purchased the farm 
which he now owns. It comprises one hundred 
and twenty acres, for which he paid -is 1.25 per .acre, 
and is located in Kloom field Township, now a part 
of the city of Des Moines. As the county has be- 
comes more thickly poi)nlated it has risen rapidl}' in 
value, and in connection with the many improve- 
ments which have been made upon it has become 
one of the most valuable farms in Ihe county. He 
erected a large brick residence and surrounded his 
home by a beautifid grove of evergreens which 
makes it one of the prettiest farm residences in the 
comnuinity. Mr. SniitU«4s»the pioneer nurseryman 
of Bloomfield Township and continued business in 
that line on the farm just mentioned until 1883, 
when he leased his land and removed to Faulk 
County, S. Dak., where he now has one of the finest 
orcliards in the State. He was regarded as one of 
the leading and progressive citizens of Polk County'. 
He did all in his power to advance its best interests 
and his aid was never solicited in vain for the ad- 
vancement of its worthy enter[)rises. 

Into James and Eliza Smith was born a family 
of three children: John C, a resident of lUoomfield 
Township: Pliilander, whose name heads this sketch, 
and Eliza, who died in infancy. The mother was 
called to her final rest in 1838, when a resident of 
Fulton County, 111., after which IMr. Smith was 
again married, in 1853, lo Miss Christiana Whit- 
loge, by whom he had four children — Alice and 
l^liza (twins) the latter deceased; Florence and 
Sarah E. 

We now come to the personal history of our sub- 
ject. The days of his boyhood and youth were 
spent upon his father's farm, he remaining under 
the |)arental roof until twenty. four years of age. 
He was a lad of eleven years when he became a 
resident of this county, and from tli;it time assisted 
his father in the nur.sery business until Mav, 1861, 
when responding to his country's call for troop* to 
crush out the rebellion in its infancy, he enlisted in 
Ctiinpany D, Srrond Iowa Infantry, under Ca|il. 



Crocker. That was the first company to leave Des 
Moines. They went first to Keokulf, after wliich 
they were engaged in garrison duty at different 
points in the country until the winter of 1861-62. 
Their first engagement occurred on the 6tli of Feb- 
ruary, 1862, and from that forward Mr. Smith with 
his regiment particiijated in many hattlcs, includ- 
ing the hard-fought battle of Corinth, where he 
was wounded, receiving a gun shot in his right arm. 
He was taken to the hospital at Corinth, where his 
wound was dressed, and in a few da_ys removed to 
Keokuk, Iowa, where he remained for about six 
months, when, being disabled for dul}-, he was dis- 
charged in April, 18G3, and returned home. 

It was some lime before Mr. Smith regaine<l his 
usual heailli. but as soon as he had acquired suffi- 
cient strengtii, he engaged in farming. He bought 
eighty acres of land in a wild and unimproved con- 
dition on section 32, BlooomQeld Township, upon 
which he erected a log cabin and then leased his 
farm for a j'ear, but pt the end of that time de- 
voted his own energies to its development. lie 
cleared away the brush, planted croi's, and in a 
short time had made a good farm, to the value of 
which he has constantly added by his man^' im- 
provements and the high state of cultivation under 
which it was placed. He found an able helpmate 
in bis wife, whose maiden name was Miss Catherine 
Bell. She had [ireviousl}' been married, however, 
being the widow of Moses Handle.y, who died in 
1861. By that marriage she had four children, three 
of whom are now living, William F., .lames B. and 
Moses B. The only daughter. Mary B., is now 
deceased. Mrs. Smith is a daughter of Samuel and 
Rachel (Craskey) Bell, and came with her parents 
to Iowa in 1856; she wns born in .lefferson County, 
Ohio, April 18, 1835. The union of Mr. and Mrs. 
Smith was celebrated December 16, 1864, and unto 
them have been born four children : .Josephine, who 
is now Principal of the Howe School, of Des Moines ; 
TheroM, deceased ; Stella E. and Bell, who are at 
home. Neither labor nor expense has been spared 
bv the parents in providing their children with 
excellent educational advantages, and of their 
daughters the parents may well be proud. As be- 
fore stated the eldest now occupies the position of 
prihcijial in one of tlic schools of Des Moines. Miss 

Stella is a graduate of the High School of that city 
of the class of 1888, and the youngest expects soon 
to complete the same course. 

Mr. Smith and his wife began their domestic life 
in a little log cabin, and there many happy days 
were passed, but after seven yfars, success having 
attended their efforts, the pioneer home was replaced 
bj' a large and commodious two-stor^' residence. 
Other improvements were soon afterward made, in- 
cluding a large barn and the necessary outbuild- 
ings and their home was beautified by surrounding 
it witli a grove of evergreens. It indeed presents 
an attractive appearance to the passer-by and indi- 
cates to the traveler that the owner is a maji of 
culture and refinement as well as of thrift and in- 
dustry. To his original purchase he has added 
until he now owns four hundred acres of finely 
developed land, two hundreil and forty acres of 
wliich is in the incorporated limits of the city, 
ujion which can be found a good grade of stock. 
For a period of twelve years he made a specialty 
of breeding fine stock but now raises only enough 
for his own use. He has certainly been ver}' suc- 
cessful in his undertakings but liis prosperity is due 
alone to his own efforts. As a citizen he is ind)lic 
spirited and progressive and has identified himself 
with the worthy interests of the county since 1847. 
On his arrival in Iowa there was but one frame 
house in the city of Des Moines and it was not 
weather-boarded, the homes of the few settlers were 
widely scattered, the work of progress had scarcely 
begun and the most imaginative woidd hardly have 
predicted the wonderful growth which been 
made. The county is on a i)ar with any in the State 
of Iowa, and the capital city compares favorably 
with the older cities of the East. The wild prairies 
have been made to bloom and blossom as the rose, 
industries and manufactories of great importance 
have been introduced, and in no particular is Des 
Moines behind the large cities of other States. It 
has been no easy t.isk to f)ring about this pleasing 
result and to the i)ioneers who bore the hardest part 
of the labor, much praise is due. Mr. Smith is one 
of these and he also deserves the encomiums due to 
the valiant soldier and enterprising citizen. In 
politics he is a supporter of the Republican party 
and, socially, is a member of Crocker Post, O. A. H., 

/0(^'^<^'y^^ ^"^ 



of Dos Moines. Mrs. Suiitli and lier daughters are 
members of the Christian Church, holding their 
menibersiiip at tlie Central Church of Christ. She 
is also a charter meu)l)er of that organization, and 
an earnest worker in the Mastei"s cause, having 
joined the church when but a girl. She is a lady 
of refinement and culture and has been a true help- 
mate indeed, taking charge of the domestic affairs 
of her liome and bringing lier children ui) in the 
faith of a living God. The home of Mr. Smith is 
the abode of hospitalitj-. and while in his presence 
and that of his worth}' wife one feels at ease, and 
it is with pleasure we reco'-d the lives of so worthy 
a couple for the coming generations. 



^^OL. BARLOW GRANGER, the pioneer 
(I r^v^ journalist of Polk County, and one of the 
^^// most widely-known of Iowa's early settlers, 
was born in Cayuta, Tioga County, N. Y., I\Iay 31, 
181G, and is a son of Erastus and Betsy (Gillet) 
Granger. The Granger family is of English or- 
igin, and dates its residence in Northern Vew York 
long prior to the War of the Revolution. The 
paternal grandfather of our subject was born in 
Whitehall, on Lake Champlain, and removed thence 
to Cortland County, where he died at an advanced 

Erastus Granger, father of the Colonel, was boru 
in Whitehall, N. Y.,on the 15th of February, 1787. 
and married Miss Betsy Gillet, a cousin of the Hon. 
Ransom Gillet, of New York. She was born in 
New Lebanon, that State, on the IGtIi of Decem- 
ber 1787, and died in Green, Chenango Count}', 
on the •24th of June, 1840. Her husband survived 
her twenty years, and died in Steuben County in 
18G0, at the age of seventy-three. They had five 
children, two sons and three daughters, our subject 
being tlie eldest son. 

Col. Granger removed to Rochester, N. Y., with 
his parents, in 1823, and there witnessed the open- 
ing of the Erie Canal, and the leaps of Sam Patch 
into tiie Genesee River. He attendc<l the common 
schools in his boyhood, and when thirteen years of 
age entered the ollice of the Cortland Aduncate as 

an apprentice, under Henr}' S. Randall, the noted 
author. He continued in that oUice until the fall 
of 1835, when he went to New York City, being 
a resident of the metropolis when the great lire 
broke out on ihe 16th of December, of that year, 
burning over forty-flve acres of ground, and de- 
stroying $20,000,000 of [)roperty. The following 
summer he spent in New Haven, Conn., working as 
a journeyman printer. In the fall of that year he 
returned to New Y''ork City, and from there went 
to Hudson, Ohio, to take charge of a paper. We 
afterward find him in Clevel.and, and subsequently 
in Detroit, Mich., where he arrived in time to wit- 
ness something of the excitement caused by the 
Patriot War in Canada, and where he first met Gen. 
Scott. He returned to New York State in 1838, 
and went to Albany, where he a as employed on 
State printing. From 1838 until 1847 he made 
that city his home, although he spent considerable 
time in the interval in traveling and working at his 
trade in other cities and States. 

Col. Granger went to South Corolinaon a special 
service, and while there was employed on the 
Charleston Courier, and made a firm friend of one 
of the publishers. Returning to New York he 
worked at his trade in Albany, on the State work, 
until the spring of 1847, when he set out for the 
Great West. He passed through Chicago, and 
traversed Wisconsin and Minnesota, and visited St. 
Anthony's Falls. From there he went down the 
Mississippi to St. Louis, where he secured employ- 
ment in the ollice of the Missouri Republican, re- 
maining on that force through the winter of 
1847-48, during which time he met an old ac- 
quaintance from Albany, James V. Jones, a son of 
Nathaniel Jones, a prominent politician of the 
Empire State, with whom, after a few days confer- 
ence, he set out for Ft. Des Moines, Iowa. They 
traveled by boat to Keokuk, and from there by 
stage to Fairfield, where they hired a horse and 
buggy and drove to their destination, reaching the 
fort in August, 1848. They were not altogether 
suited with the prospects at Des Moines, and deter- 
mined to seek another location, but on leaving the 
fort the road which they took led them past the 
site of the Colonel's present suburban residence, 
where such a raagniflcent view of Des Moines Val- 



ley met tlieir gaze that Ihej' were elianned, and at 
once cbanging their tleterniinatioii ilecided to re- 
main. Col. Granger selected the tract where they 
stood as the site of his future residence, while Mr. 
Jones chose tlie place where B. F. Allen after- 
ward erected his mansion. Having settled this 
important matter, these gentlemen returned to the 
fort and established tliemselves in the real-estate 
and land-warrant business, then the most impor- 
tant and [iromising field of operations. Having a 
strong credit they succeeded in negotiating a loan 
of ^5,000, and entered into business. 

Col. Granger having studied law previous to 
coming to Iowa, was admitted to the bar in 1848, 
and opened a law office in connection with his real- 
estate business. In .lunc, l«4ii, he established the 
Iowa Star, a Democratic weekly paper, a seven- 
column folio, which was the first newspaper of 
Polk County. Me continued its publication for 
about a year, and then sold out, as he found it 
more profitable lo devote his attention to his law 
and real-estate business than to journalism. 

On-the 7th of October, 1856, Col. Granger and 
Mrs. Lucinda L. Rush were united in the hot}- 
bonds of matrimony, by the Right Rev. Dr. Drake. 
The lady was the widow of John W. Rush, and a 
daughter of Daniel and Abbie (Van Schaick) Pow- 
ers, who we'-e originally from Pennsylvania, but 
removed to Ohio, and from that .State to Indiana. 
Mrs. Granger born in Montgomery County, 
Ind.. on tiie 12lh of March, 1825, and came to Des- 
Moines in 1849 with her first husband, who died 
two years later. At the time of his marri.age Col. 
Granger built his present commodious and elegant 
residence, which is situated to the southward of 
Des Moines,on a picturesque bluff which commands 
an extensive view of the cit^-, the river and valley. 
■ There is nothing in the vicinitj' of Des Moines to 
equa! the beautiful and varied scenes spread out to 
the view from the Colonel's grounds. The broad 
sweep of river and valley, and the beautiful capi- 
tal city of fifty thousand inhabitants meets the eye. 
while the busy hum of a thousand useful in<lnstries 
salutes the ear with its suggestions of enterprise, 
thrift and comfort. Within the brief space of 
forty-one years this magnificent city grown to 

such dimensions that it stands without a rival in 
the .State. 

Foremost among those who have aided in the 
growth and development of Des Moines stands Col. 
Granger, always earnestly solicitous for the success 
of every projected improvement, and active in 
support of every enterprise and industry in the 
early days of the town, until the size and impor- 
tance of the city attracted capital and assured suc- 
cess. When it was proi)osed to locate the capital 
here, no man exerted more influence or worked 
hai'der to secure that desired end than the Colonel, 
and at this writing no one is more proud of the 
V)eautiful capital city or more hopeful for her fu- 
ture than he. 

Col. Granger is a Democrat, l)ut independent 
and original in his political views. The title of 
Colonel was received from his service on the staff 
of Gov. Hempstead from 1850 to 1854. He was 
elected Prosecuting Attorney- of Polk Count}- with- 
out opposition, in 1854, and ex-officio was County 
Judge. In 1855 he served as M.ayor of Des Moines, 
and since then has twice been Mayor of Sevastapol. 
Col. Granger, while a lawyer b}- profession, prides 
himself more upon being a farmer and stock- 
grower. He hiis a stock farm in Gulhric County, 
one in Adair, and one in Polk County adjoining 
the city of Des Moines, aggregating in all about 
eight hundred acres. In his home the Colonel is 
seen at his best. Devoted to his family and gen- 
erous in his hospitality', he is an entertaining host, 
possessing a rich fund of anecdote, and an intimate 
knowledge of public men and current events. His 
reminisences of pioneer celebrilies, and the earl\- 
history of Iowa, constitute an enjoyable treat to 
his guests and friends. As neighbor and citizen, 
he is held in high esteem for his integrit^^ of char- 
acter, independence of thought and action, .and 
genial, social manner. 

^^^LIVER K. PKARSON.pholograpiicr. of Dcs- 
(( ))' ^^oines, is without a sujierior in his art in 
^^f' Iowa. His studio i.s located on the corner of 
East Sixth and Locust Streets, where he has a large 



and constantly- increasing business, sucli as (tould 
onl}' he secured bj' taste and genius. 

Mr. Pearson was born in Washington Townshii), 
Polk County, on liie 14th of Jnne, 1857, and is a 
son of Abel and Matilda (Wise) Pearson, both of 
whom were natives of Greencaslle, Ind. The 
family located in this county about tlie j'ear 1850, 
being among its earb'est settlers. Here the father 
followed farming until 1876, when he removed to 
the city and served in the oflicial capacit}' of jailor 
for four years. The three succeeding years of his 
life were then spent in the liolel business, when, in 
1883. he removed to Tappen, N. Dak., where he 
.again assumed the occu|)ation of farming, lie was 
regarded as one of the cnteriirisiug and useful citi- 
zens of Polk County, .and his removal was greatly 
regretted bj' many warm friends. He had taken 
an active part in [lolitical matters, an ardent 
supporter uf (lie Republican party, and did all in 
his power to advance its interests. Both lie and 
his wife are members of the Metliodist P^piscopal 
Cliurch, and earnest laborers in the Master's vine- 
yard. Tlieir family numbered four children: .Jo- 
sephine, wife of David Pearson, a farmer of 
Hamilton County. Iowa; Oliver, of this sketch; 
Elswurth and Retta, who are living with their i)ar- 
ent« in Nortii Dakota. 

OiH- suljject received his primary education in 
the district sdiools of the neighborhood, but after- 
ward attended the Des Moines High School. His 
early life was spent in the usual manner of farmer 
lads, and though he aideil his father in the cultiva- 
tion of the land, it was his desire to follow some 
other (lursuit. He early developed a taste for pho- 
tograi)hy, and while a boy was always making 
sketches, in which much talent was displayed. At 
length his father affoided him the oi)portuuitv 
which he longed for, placing him in the studio of 
George W. Slittler, who was then the leading pho- 
tographer of Des Moines. No time was idly spent 
by young Pearson, but with great activity and en- 
ergy he aijpiied himself to the work and soon mas- 
tered the art. He remained with Mr. .Stiftler for 
two years, during wiiich time he m.ade great prog- 
ress, and then branched out in business for himself. 
He had made a careful study of his work, his in- 
str\ictor l)eing one of the ablest in liie Slate, and tiu' 

public from the first gave him a libera! patronage, 
which has constantly increased. He has success- 
fully contendeil witii all competition, and by his 
indefatigable industry, skill and ability, has won a 
place in the foremost rank of the pliotograjihers of 
the countrv. He oijcned his gallery on the corner 
of Sixth and Locust Streets in 1880, and the 
throngs which daily visit Ids studio in quest of his 
services, testify to the excellent success which has 
rewarded his efforts. He keeps abreast of the 
times and the latest ini|)rovements in the art, and 
does all kinds of pastel, India ink, crayon and 
photo work. lie has won many medals, an<l in 
1888, to him was awarded the best medal for the 
finest art collection given by the Iowa State Agri- 
cultural Society. 

On the 18th of January, 1883, i\Ir. Pearson was 
united in mai-ri.age with Miss Susie Pierce, a native 
of Canada, and a daughter of Edward and Alice 
Pierce, who are now residing near Nevada. Iowa. 
Their union has been blessed with one child, a lit- 
tle daughter — Hazel. 

Socialh', Mr. Pearson is a member of the Knights 
of Pythias, Modern '\\'oodmen of America and the 
Royal Arcanum. He is truly a self-made man, and 
all honor and respect him for the position to which 
he has attained. 

OBKli r A. PATCHIN, M. D., who is en- 
gaged in the practice of his profession at 
k\ % Des Moines, is a native of the Empire State. 
^5; He was born in Livonia, Livingston 
County, on the 2iHh of Decendier, 1849, and is the 
son of Ira and Clara (Dixon) Patchin. lioth fam- 
ilies were founded in America at a very early d.ay 
and became itrominently connected vvith the history 
of New England. The progenitor of the Patchin 
family, a native of Wales, left the old country and 
crossing the Atlantic, settled in Connecticut, from 
whence his descendants removed to Pennsylvania 
and New York and Westward to other States. 
The name is now spelled in two different ways, 
ending both in en and in. 'l'h<! Dixon family is also 
one of note and like the Pati'hin familv fuinislied 



niembeis to all the learned professions. Tlie great- 
graiulfuther of our subject was its founder in 
America. He was a native of the North of Ire- 
land, but was of Scotch ilesccnt and traces his 
orii^in in an unbroken line back to the Duke of 

Ira Patchin. father of the Doctor, was born in 
Seneca County, N. Y, and is one of the well-known 
educators of the Empire Slate. For some j-ears he 
held the position of County Superintendent of 
schools of Livingston County, and in connection 
with Victor M. Rice, was mainly instrumental in 
organizing the public school system of that State. 
He was connected with the firm of Farmer, Brace & 
Co., and later with Ivison, Finney & Co., in the 
publication of school books and thereby amassed a 
large fortune. He is now living in Livonia, N. Y. 
with his aged wife, they being seventy -five and 
seventy-two years old respeotiveh\ He has also 
taken an active part in political affairs, supporting 
first the Whig, and then the Republican part}'. 
He entertains the religious views of the Methodists 
and his wife is a member of the Congregational 
Cliurch. Their family numbered only two children. 
Artiiur, the elder, is now interested in the ()ublish- 
ing business .at Rochester, N. Y. 

As his fatiier took such an interest in educational 
matters, the Doctor received liberal advantages in 
that direction. He displayed a great aptitude for 
learning and his primary training in the public 
schools was sinjpleraented by a course in the State 
Normal at Albany, from which he was graduated 
in 1866. In deciding upon a profession which he 
wished to make his life work, his choice fell upon 
that of medicine and in the office of C. II. Rich- 
mond he began his studies, which he later contin- 
ued under the instruction of Prof. Thomas S. 
Rochester, and graduated from the Buffalo Medical 
College ill 1870. To him was awai-ded the honor 
(if valedictorian of liis class. While pursuing his 
studies he .acted .as assistant to the chair of physi- 
ology, and immedialel}- after his graduation went to 
Perry, W^'oraing County, N. Y., where he engaged 
in practice until 1875. when he came to I)es Moines. 
During his residence m Perry, he served for six 
years as Coroner ( f the county. I'nder President 
Cli'vciaud's administration lie was the Republican 

member of the board of pension examiners, and is 
now medical referee of the Manhattan Life Insurance 
Company of New York. He is also chief surgeon 
for the Des Moines ife Kansas Citj- Railroad Com- 
pany, the Des Moines Cnion Railroad Company, 
and for the Des Moines Northern; is local surgeon 
for the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy, the Wab-ash 
& Western, and the Chicago <k Northwestern Kail- 
road Companies. He is a member and formerly 
served as President of the County Medical Society 
and also belongs to the State Medical Society, the 
American Medical Association and the Association 
of Railroad Surgeons of the United States. He has 
twice held the office of Cit}- Physician. 

In 1880, Dr. Patchin was united in marriage 
with Miss Calista Halsey, the wedding being cele- 
brated in Ilallsville, Ohio. The lady is a .lative 
of New York .State and a descendant of an old Eng- 
lish familj-. She is a graduate of the State Univer- 
sity of New Y'ork and is a ladj^ of culture and 
refinement, recognized as the social equal of any. 
For a number of years she was connected with the 
editorial staff of the Washington Post, and is the 
author of quite a book, entitled "Two of 
Us." In religious belief she is an Episcopalian. 
To the Doctor and his wife have been born three 
children, sons, Robert H., Ira H. and Philip H. 
The Doctor has made valuable contributions to the 
literature of his profession and is widely known as 
a skilled and alile physician. He takes considerable 
interest in civic societies, belonging to the Masons, 
and the Knights of Pythias and in [lolitics, is a 
supporter of the Republican parly. 



J,EV. EDWARD P. BARTLETT, jtastor of 
the East Des Moines Bai)tist Church, was 
Ji \V\ born in Oxford Township, Oxford County, 
Me., February 15, 1844, and is of English 
descent, the family having been founded in Amer- 
ica at an early day by English emigrants. The great- 
grandfather of our subject who lived in Ilolden, 
Mass., had a large famil}' of sons, whom he started 
out in life to battle for themselves at an early age. 
Daniel, the grandfather of our subject, and .i 



brother were given an tix by their father, and a sort 
of scrip in wliieii to carry their clotlies, by their 
mother. Ttius equipped, they went to Oxford 
County, Me., and bougiit a tiiree liundrcd-acre 
tract of land at *! per acre. Having felled some 
tiees and built a rude cabin, they went to the sea- 
shore to earn sonic mone^- in a hay-field, and while 
there Daniel Bartlett was married and returned 
with bis young bride to his rustic home in the midst 
of the forest. He became a prosperous farmer and 
reared a famil}' of seven children, only one of whom 
is now living — Mrs. Charlotte .Simonton, who has 
reached the very remarkable age of one hundred 
and two years, and is still enjoying a fair degree of 

The parents of the Rev. Mr. Bartlett were both 
natives of JLaine. His father was born on June 20, 
1800, and his mother some seven years later. For 
many years, Mr. Bartlett was a deacon in the Bap- 
tist Church and both he and his wife were zealous 
workers for its advancement and upbuilding. They 
lived a quiet, j^et useful life on their farm in the 
Pine Tree State, wliere the husband died at the age 
of sixt3'-nine j^ears, the wife in the fiftieth year of 
her age. Of their family of eight children, two 
sons and one daughter are yet living. 

Our subject was the only one of the family who 
followed a professional career. In his younger days 
he performed the usual duties of a farmer lad and 
when the crops were harvested and the summer 
work over, he was allowed to attend the district 
schools for about three months. The rapidity with 
which he mastered the branches there taught, led to 
a more advanced education. When sixteen years 
of age he entered Hebron Academ3' to prepare for 
college, and for several years attended Waterville 
College, now Colby University. After further pur- 
suing his studies one year in Rochester University, 
at Rociiester, N. Y., he graduated from that in- 
stitution in the class of 1867, receiving the degree 
of A. B. The same year he went to Minnesota, 
wiiere for six years he employed as teacher in 
the public schools, when, iiaving decided to enter 
upon the work of the ministry, he became a studer.t 
in the Baptist Theological Seminary of Chicago, 
111., graduating in 1876. Not long afterwards, he 
accepted a call from the church in La Moille, ill. 

For thirteencunscculive years lie was pastor of that 
church and it was with sincere regret on the part of 
the congregation that he resigned in 1887, to enter 
npon the work in Des Moines. 

In La Moille. on the 10th of June, 1876, Mr. 
Bartlett led to the marriage altar Miss Alida K. 
Fargo, a native of New York. Mrs. Bartlett, a lady 
of culture, is a graduate of Knox College, of (iales- 
burg. III. Their union has been blessed with two 
children — Jessie M. and Kate L. 

Mr. Bartlett devotes his entire time to the minis- 
try. He is an able orator, and by his warm-hearted 
and courteous manner, wins many friends. The 
church of which he is pastor was separated from the 
First Baptist Church of Des Moines, the organiza- 
tion being effected in 1871, the Rev. Granger Smith 
being its first minister. Four years later the first 
house of worship was erected on the corner of Des 
Moines Street and Pennsylvania Avenue, but since 
that time the congregation has so increased in num- 
bers that the accommodations are already too small, 
and probably before long East Des Moines will be 
beautified with a new church edifice. 

\i^;>RANK E. CRUTTENDEN, M. D., of Des 
1—^ ]\Ioincs, whs Born in Brooklyn, N. Y., on 
l]^ the 2'Jth of June, 1851, and is a son of 

Alexis H. and Matilda J. (Stephenson) Cruttenden. 
His father was born in Otsego County, N. Y., and 
was descended from an old Connecticut family. 
The mother was born near Richfield, Ohio, on the 
Western Reserve. Both parents are still living 
and are residents of Bath, Steuben County, N. Y. 
Our subject was educated in the University- of 
Buffalo, N. Y., from which institution he graduated 
in the class of 1877. His literary and medical edu- 
cation being completed he then took a sjiecial course 
in the medical department in the New York Univer- 
sity, and attended the Belle vue Hospital and the 
New York Ej'cand Ear Infirmary, making a specialty 
of the diseases of the eye, ear and throat. After 
the completion of his course of study, he entered 
upon the practice of his profession in Steuben 
County, N. Y.. where he continued two years, when 



he removed to Dcs Moines, reacliing this city in 
December, 1879. Since Hint time he ii.-is I)oen en- 
gaged in active practice in I'olii County, and is rec- 
ognized as one of the leading citizens. 

Dr. Crnttenden was married in Columl)iis, Wis., 
on the 16th of May, 1882, the lady of his choice 
being Miss Ella Henderson, who was born near Oil 
City, Pa., and is a daughter of James Henderson. 

The3' have one child, a s(.n, Alexis H., who was 
born on the 1st of September 1886. The Doctor 
and Mrs. Crnttenden nie members of the Clirislian 
Cluirch, and in politics he 1ms been independent 
since 1884, but prior to that time was a Republi- 
can. He was the founder and is now the editor 
and publisher of the lou-a Sta/e Medical Reporter 
of Des Moines. He is a member of the Xew York 
Medical Legal Societ}'; of tlic Iowa State Medical 
Society; the Polk County Medical Society; is Lec- 
turer of Ophthamology at Ames College; and also 
professor of diseases of the throat of Iowa College 
of Physicians and Surgeons, the Medical Depart- 
ment of Drake University. The Doctor is a mem- 
ber of the Masonic and Turner societies and is 
Master of Pioneer Lodge A. F. & A. M. He 
has already built up a large and lucrative prac- 
tice in Des Moines and has won a high reputa- 
tion for skill, especially in the treatment of 
all diseases of the eye, ear and throat. The 
Iowa State Medical Reporter under his able 
management has proved a valuable acquisition to 
the medical journalism of the State. 

■-^^llBliw '^*~ 

M| a practicing physician of Des Moines, has 
I j ^ the honor of being a uative of this .State. 
He was born on the 27tli of December, 1846, in 
Cedar Countj\ and is a son of James H. and Lucy 
(Walbridge) Lockwood. The family is of French 
origin, having been founded in America b3- the 
great grandfather of our sidijcct who left his home 
in France and settled in the New York Colony. He 
served his adopted country in the struggle for in- 
deiiciidi'uce. His son, tlic graiidfathcr of the 

Doctor, was horn in the Empire State, emigrated 
to Indiana, and .about the year 1843, became a res- 
ident of iowa, settling in Burlington. James 
Lockwood was born in Northern Indiana in 1824, 
and accompanied his parents to this State. Hav- 
ing arrived at years of maturit)' he wedded Miss 
Walbridge, who was born in Herkimer County, N. 
Y.. in 182G, and also came with her parents to 
Iowa. Their marriage was celebrated in this State, 
and unto them were born four children, one son 
and three daughters. The mother, wiio was a con- 
sistent member of the Methodist Episcopal Churcli, 
died in 1876. Mr. Lockwood was again niarrieil and 
is now living at Ananiosa, Iowa. He is a brick-mason 
and plasterer b^- trade and takes rank among the re- 
spected citizens of the community in which he 
makes his home. 

Dr. Lockwood has spent his entire life in his na- 
tive State and for the past three years has been en- 
gnged in active practice in the capital cit^'. He 
received his early education in the district and 
graded schools, but not content with such advan- 
tages, by his own labor he secured the money nec- 
essary' to defray his expenses and tuition and 
entered Iowa University. Later he became a 
student at Cornell College where he took an 
optional course. Teaching was the means employed 
toward securing a collegiate drill and in that he 
was very successful. Having determined to m.ike 
the practice of his profession his life work, he 
entered the office of Dr. L. J. Adair of Ananiosa, 
Iowa, as a student, and in 1875, graduated from 
Rush Medical College of Chicago. He began 
practice in Mechanicsville and after four years re- 
moved to Linn County, Iowa. His next field of 
operations was in Guthrie County, Kan. and while 
there located he held the position of surgeon for 
the Santf. Fe Railroad, and was a member of the 
board of pension examiners. As before stated he 
came to Dcs Moines in 1887, and has built up a 
good practice. He is health officer of University 
Place. In 1888 and 1889, he took two conrscs at 
Rush College, besides a private course in surgerj-, 
which he makes a special study, unwilling to be 
behind his profession in an^- particular. He is a 
member of the Iowa Union Medical Association 
and uf the American Mciljcal Association, and su- 



cially is a Royal Arch Mason, a member of tlie 

Legion of Ilonur and the X. A. S. 

On the 11th of June. 187;"), in Faiiview. Iowa, 
Mr. Lookwood was united in marriage with Cer- 
elda Mershon, a native of Newton, Iowa. Unto 
Ihcni have been born live children — .Tames II., Leaii, 
Lnsk I)., Zelta and loyl. Tlie Doctor, liis wife and 
two eldest children are members of the Cliurcli of 
Christ. In politics, he is a Rc|nibiican, having 
su|>port<?d tliat parly since attaining his majority'. 
^Viien lie entered upon his business career his cash 
eajntal consisted of but fifteen cents, which amount 
he spent for stami)S to write to his friends, but the 
public soon discovered that he was well fitted for 
the work he had chosen and gave him a liberal i)at- 
ronage. He has now been engaged in active prac- 
tice fifteen years and deserves the confidence and 
respect given him. 

\|/_^ ENRY A. TITUS^ who is eng.agcd in gen- 
\) eral farming and stock-raising, and who also 
devotes considerable attention to fruit grow- 
ing,liveson section 28,Bloomfield Township. 
His farm comprises sixty acres of fine land under 
a high state of cultivation and well improved, .and 
his home is a most pleasant one. He raises an ex- 
cellent grade of stock, has erected a large barn, 
32x40 feet, which furnishes ample accommodations 
for his cattle and horses, and serves as a store- 
house for his hay and grain. In fact, all the neces- 
sary improvements may there lie found, and the 
neatness and regularity which al)Ounds at once 
gives evidence to the'p.asser-by that the owner is a 
man of thrift and enterprise. 

Mr. Titus was born on the 21th of February, 
1835, in Vermont, and is a son of Lyman and Al- 
mira (Wheaton) Titus, who were also natives of 
tiie Green Mountain State. On the paternal side 
lie traces his ancestry back to Ireland, while on the 
maternal side he is of Scotch descent, the family 
having been founded in Connecticut at an early 
day by ."^cotlish emigrants. The occupation of 
farming was the pursuit which Lyman Titus made 
[lis life work, he following that business until his 

death, which occurred in Vermont, January 24, 

1889, at tlie ri|)e old age of eighty-four years. His 
wife departed this life several years previous, dy- 
ing on the 17th of May, 1875. Our subject was 
the eldest of their tliree children, ids sisters being 
.Julia M.. who resides in Thetford, Vt., and Ellen, 
wife of William H. llurr, of the same city. 

Since the early ;ige of nine years, Henry A. 
Titus iias made his own wa^' in the world. His life 
is an example of what may be accomplished by in- 
dustry, enterprise and a determination to succeed. 
His first work was as an employe of his uncle, with 
whom he remained three years, when he began 
clerking in a liotcl, where he continued until the 
fall of 185G. In the meantime his uncle had 
come to the West, and believing that it would 
be to his best advantage to follow the advice 
of Ilor.ace Greeley, l\Ir. Titus also emigrated to 
Iowa. His journey was made b^- rail to Mt. Pleas- 
ant, and thence by stage to Agency City, "Wapello 
County, where he again acted as salesmen for his 
uncle for about eighteen months. Later, he spent 
two years as a clerk in Otturawa, Iowa, after which 
he determined tc> follow som'e other pursuit, and 
obtained a jiosition as a traveling salesman for a 
nurserj^ firm, with which he continued his connec- 
tion for seven j-ears. Having in the meantime ac- 
quired some capital, he then made a pnrch.ase of 
forty acres of laud on section 28, Bloon.field Town- 
ship, a part of his present farm. He erected a 
shanty, in which he kept bachelor's hall for a time, 
carrying on the work of developing and improving 
his land. 

A niarriage ceremony performed December 3, 
1872, united the destinies of Henry A. Titus and 
Sarah A. Fuller, but after about four 3'ears of 
hai)py wedded life the lady was called to her last 
rest. Her death occurred on the 19th of March, 
1875, and her remains were interred in Woodland 
Cemetery, Des Moines. Mr. Titus vvas again mar- 
ried, .ranuary 24, 1877, tlie lady of his choice being 
Miss Lorilla Babcock. daughter of .Joseph and 
Mary (Cole) liabcoek, the former a native of 
Rhode Island, of Holland descent, the latter of 
Pennsylvania, born of (ierman parentage. Mr. 
liabcock followed the occupation of farming in 
Jiric County, Pa., until 1852, when he went to 



California to engage in mining. His operations in 
that line were very successful, and "Tor a" pe- 
riod of twelve years he remained on the Pacific 
Slope accumulating considerable wealth, but he 
was never again seen by his family. The last 
word that ever reached tlicm, was a letter which 
he had written saying that he would return to his 
home in about tlirce weeks. The supposition was 
that on the return journey' he was murdered for 
his wealth, but the manner of his death will ever 
remain a mystery. Mrs. Balicock is still living and 
makes her home with her daughter, ilrs. Ann 
Eliza Eaton, of Des Moines, who was her only 
child, with the exception of Mrs. Titus. Mr. and 
Mrs. Titus have two childien — William II. and 
Julia A., who are still with llioir parents. 

For a quarter of a centurj' Mr. Titus has been a 
member of the ^Masonic fraternity, and since at- 
taining his majority has supported the princii)les 
of the Republican party. He held the office of As- 
sessor for one term, and was Road Supervisor for 
a number of j-ears. He came to the county during 
the days of its early infancj', and has witnessed al- 
most its entire growth. He has seen the intro- 
duction of factories, manufacturing establishments, _ 
large business industries, the railroad, the telegraph 
and telephone, and many other enterprises which 
have done much for the upbuilding of the county. 
There was only one hotel in the city when Mr. 
Titus arrived, that being a wooden structure con- 
taining forty rooms, but so great was the influx of 
emigrants shortly afterward that during the sec- 
ond year, when Mr. Titus filled the office of clerk, 
the profits were $16,000. 

^^!^EN. G. W. CLARK, a prominent citizen of 
[j[ g— Des ^Moines, who is now sojourning tempor- 
^^J arily in Washington, D. C, was born on one 
of the pioneer farms made in the forests of Central 
Indiana, now in Johnson County, on the 26tli day 
of ])ccenjl)er, 182:3. His father was one of the early 
settlers of that community, having emigrated to 
the Hoosier State, in 1820, from Kentucky. 

The early life of our subject passed unevent- 

fully, his time being .'^pent in the performance of 
such duties as fall to the lot of farmer lads and in 
attendance at the district schools, but later he pur- 
sued a course of stud}- in Wabash College. The 
law appeared attractive to his ej'es as a means of 
gaining a livelihood, and to fit himself for the 
practice of that profession he entered the office of 
Robert Walpole, of Indianapolis, who remained his 
preceptor until (Jen Clark established business for 
himself in Indianola, Iowa, in 18r)6. He achieved 
prominence and success in his chosen work, and at 
the breaking out of the Rebellion in 1861, was 
holding the office of State's Attorney. He had 
watched the progress of events in the South with 
interest, and when it seen that blood must fiow 
ere the rebellious States would submit to the gen- 
eral Government, he resolved to strike a blow in 
defense of freedom, and volunteered at the first 
call for troops, becoming a member of the Third 
Iowa Infantry, being commissioned First Lieuten- 
ant of Company G. After the battle of Sbiloh, 
where he displayed great coolness and courage, he 
was commissioned Colonel of the Thirty-fourth 
Iowa Regiment, of which he remained in charge 
until near the close of the war, and won honorable 
distinction as a brave and successful commander. 
Before the war closed, however, he was brevctted 
Brigadier-General, in recognition of his gallant 
services, and as such led his m.n to victory. 
When the South had surrendered and peace was de- 
clared he returned to Iowa, where he has since 
made his home. 

In 1867, Gen. Clark was appointed, by President 
Grant, as I'nited States Marshal for Iowa, and 
while engaged in the discharge of the duties of 
that office made his home in Des Moines. For 
many years he was closely identified with the en- 
terprise, growth and i)rosperity of this city and the 
State, which he yet claims as his home and where 
he expects to permanently reside, although he is 
now living in Washington, D. C, that he ma^- bet- 
ter attend to the discharge of his duties in the 
legal department of the general land office. He 
has spent several years in traveling through the 
countries of Europe and is a |)olished and cultured 
gentleman, entertaining in manner, genial in dis- 
position, winning the friendship of all with whom 



lie conies in conlacl. In 1880. Gen. Clurk was 
iiniterl in niarri.age with Miss Sara Robinson, of 
low.a C'itj\ and unto tliem have been born tliiec 
cliililrfn — Edilii, ClitTord and Kleanfir. 


EDWIN RITHVEN CLAPP, geiuial live- 
stock agent of liii' Chicago & Rock Island 
i Railway Company, is iiuraliered among llie 

{)ioneers of Iowa, of 1837, and ranks among the 
most prominent citizens of Dcs Moities. He was 
born in the town of C'azenovia, Madison County, 
N. v., I\Iay 30, 1827, and is .'i son of John and 
Lucy (Hanson) Clap[), liotli of whosn were natives 
of Doerfield, Mass., descended from old New p]ng- 
land families. The Clapp family is of Scottish 
origin, Edwin E. Clapp, the great grandfather of 
our subject, was the original American ancestor. 
John Clapp was enthusiastic in his devotion to the 
land of his ancestors as the names given his f'lur 
children will suggest. The eldest was William 
Wallace, the second Edwin Ruthven; the third 
Helen Marr and the youngest Robert IJruce. The 
second is the only one now living. John Clapp re- 
moved from Deerlield to Jladison County, N. Y.. 
about 1825, and a few j'ears later became a resident 
of Kirtland, Ohio, whence the family came to 
Iowa bj' team in 1837, settling at what is now 
Mt. Pleasant, Henry County, then a little hamlet 
cont lining a few log hut-. 

The youth and early manhood of our subject 
were spent amid the scenes of pioneer life. He 
received no school privileges during his boyhood 
days, as there were no schools in the community, 
but his parents taught him at home and, when Hear- 
ing man's estate, he sj.ent two winter terras in 
Prof. Howe's Academy, at Mt. Pleasant, an insti- 
tution of learning wliich was famous throughout 
the State for its sujierior management and liigh 
standing. Many of the most successful and prom- 
inent men of Iowa received instruction under 
Prof. Howe, the [Jeer of any educator of his day 
or since. 

Mr. Clapp took an active part in improving his 
father's farui and making a home for the family, 

l)reaking prairie, s|ilitting rails, driving ox-teams, 
or doing any sort of labor that fell to his lot. In 
184(5 ho came to Ft. Dcs Moines and engaged as 
clerk with his brother William W., who was one of 
the earliest merchants of th>s city. After spending 
aboul a year as a salesman he went to Wisconsin, 
where a few months were [lassed in the lead mines 
of Plattsburg. After returning to Des Moines, he 
worked at any pursuit whereby he might earn an 
honest dollar until the spring of 1849, when he 
engaged in farming north of Des Moines. 

Mr. Clap|) was" married in Washington Countj-, 
Iowa, on the 4th of April of the year last named, 
to Jliss Emily J. Bougliton, who was born in Che- 
nango County, N. Y., and came to Iowa with her 
parents during the early settlement of the State. 
Five children were born of their union, two sons 
and three ilaughters: Helen, the eldest, became the 
wife of Milton Forster, and died in 1878; Ella is 
tlie wife of W. L. While of Sioux City, Iowa; Ida 
married L. C. Smith, a resident of North Des 
Moines; Edwin B. died at the age of live years; 
and John W. at the age of twenty-four years. The 
death of the mother occurred on the 2oth of March, 
1801), and Mr. Clapp was again married, April 20, 
1871, his second union being vvitb Mrs. Sarah A. 
• Mills, widow of Col. N. W. Mills, and a daughter 
of (Jen. P. A. Ilackleman. Her husband and 
father both fell in the battle of Corinth on the 4tli 
of October, 1862. Col. Mills had just been pro- 
moted to the command of the Second Iowa Infantr}-, 
of which he was Lieutenant Colonel when it made 
the famous charge at the capture of Fort Donelson. 
Mrs, Clapp was born in Franklin County, Ind.,and 
cnmc to Des Moines with lier husband in December, 
1856. She had two children b}' her former mar- 
riage — P. J. Mills, who wedded Miss May Easton, 
and is proprietor of the White Line Transfer Com- 
pany, of Des Moines; and Minnie, wife of II. A. 
Elliott, Assistant Secretary of the State Insurance 
Company of this city. There were two children, 
daughters, born of the second marri.agc — Bertha A. 
and Nellie. The latter died at the age of two and 
a half years. 

Mr. Clapp engaged in farming until 1851, when 
he removed to the city, where he has since resided, 
lie at lirst aceei)ted any employment whereby he 

22 2 


might earn a liveliliood for liimself .ind family, and 
for a time engaged in freigliting between Des 
Moines and Keokuk with ox-teams. In 1853, lie 
stored the first ice ever put up in Des Moines for 
market, and continued that business until 1858. 
As he accumulated capital he invested it judiciously 
in city real estate, and in that way added to the 
competence which he was now acquiring. In 1860 
he bought a farm in Walnut Township and en- 
gaged extensively in farming and stock dealing, 
which led to his becoming agent for the Chicago 
it Rock Island Railroad Company in 1867. The 
following year he sold his farm to Martin Fl.ynn, 
who still resides there, since which time he has de- 
voted his entire attention to the business of the 
railroad company. He has entire management of 
the work in his department of the lines of the road 
between the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers, cov- 
ering about seven hundred miles. In 1871 Mr. 
Clapp built a fine block on the southwest corner of 
West Fifth and Walnut Streets, which was burned 
down January 11, 1883. He rebuilt the same year 
on a more improved plan, having the finest busi- 
ness block in the city, until the recent erection of 
the building of the Icwa Loan and Trust Company. 
He put up the first passenger elevator ever erected 
in Des Moines and in manj' other ways has added ■ 
"■reatly to the upbuilding of the cit}-. In the fall 
ot 1850, he erected a residence on the site of his 
present home, where he has three-fourths of an acre 
of land and in 1878 transformed it into the elegant 
and commodious mansion which is now his home. 
In 1887, accomi)anied by his wife and daughter, 
Bertha, Mr. Clapp made a tour of Europe. Leaving 
Des Moines on the 28th of March, of that year, 
they were absent until the 1st of October, follow- 
ing, fluring which time they visited the points of 
greatest interest in England, Ireland, Scotland, 
France, Italy, Austria, Germany, Holland and Bcl- 
<'-ium. Mrs. Clapp is a member of the First Meth- 
odist Kpiscoiial Church. Socially, Mr. Clapp is a 
■ Master Mason. h\ August, 1889, he was elected 
President of the Old Settlers' Society and now fills 
that position. 

We cannot close this sketch without a few words 
in regard to the characteristics of our subject. E. 
R. Clap]) is widely known thionghout Iowa as a 

man of superior business capacity, indomitable 
energ3' and good executive ability. He is most 
affable and genial in disposition, with a keen appre- 
ciation of a good jest. He tells jokes upon him- 
self as readil}- as on others, and gives and takes 
with impartiality. His private enterprises and un- 
dertakings have been conducted with such sagacity 
and forethought that he has .acquired a valuable 
property and is classed among the successful men 
of Des Moines. In his relations with the Rock 
Island road, the prompt and judicious manner in 
which he has discharged the important duties de- 
volving upon him has won him the confidence of 
the officers of the company and secured his reten- 
tion in the position he holds, for twenty-three con- 
secutive years. 

In closing this sketch we wish to mention more 
fully the family of our subject. His brother,Will- 
iam Wallace Clajjp, was born in Deerficld. Mass.. 
in 1820, came to Iowa with his parents in 1837, and 
in the fall of 1845 settled in Raccoon Forks, now 
Des Moines, where he opened a general store. He 
was one of the pioneer merchants of the city and 
was known as an enterprising, upright business 
man. In 1851, he went to California during the 
gold excitement, and was a resident of that State 
until his death which occurred in 1857. The par- 
ents of the Clapp brothers both died in Iowa, the 
father in Mt. Pleasant in 1837, the mother in Des 
Moines in 1879. A portrait of Edwin R. Clapp is 
found upon r.nolher page. 

OHN W. H. VEST, .M. 1)., of Des Moines, 
was born in Buckingham Ctmnty, Ya., May 
22, 1822, and is a son of John and Elizabeth 
(Price) Vesl. His ancestors on his father's 
side were of mixed origin, being of Scotch, Welsh, 
and French descent, while his mother, who was a 
native of Virginia, was born of German parentage. 
John Vest, Sr., was a fanner by occupation, and re- 
moved in 1833, from \'irginia to Highland County, 
Ohio. He died in Scott Count}', Iowa, at the age 
of eighty-six years. His wife departed this life at 
the age of eighty-three years. Their family con- 



sisted of six cliiklrcn, of wlioiii foui- are living, 
three sons and a daughter: Rainey C, wedded 
Mar3' E. MoKiniie3\ and lives near Stone Lake, 
Iowa; Peter McAfee is married and lives in Jeffer- 
son, (irecn County, Iowa. Tlie daughter, Mrs. 
Catiierine AVatts, a widow now seventy-nine years 
of age, resides in Highland County, Ohio; Mrs. 
Martha P. Wear died at Hastings, Neb. The sixth 
died in infancy. 

John W. II. Vest is the third son of the familj'. 
He was reared on a farm, and received his medical 
education in Starling Medical College of Columbus, 
Ohio, and at the .lefferson Medical College of Phila- 
delphia. He graduated from the former institution 
in the Class of '56, and received his degree from the 
latter in I8G.J. He began his medical studies in 
1H45, and, having noti ing to depend u[)on except 
his own unaided ( fforts, had to work his waj- through 
college. He began practice in Newmarket, Ohio, 
and in 1856 came to Iowa, where he has since re- 
sided. On his arrival in this State, he established 
himself in practice in Montezuma, Poweshiek 
County, where he was living when in August, 1862, 
he was commissioned surgeon of the Twentj^-eighth 
Iowa Infantry. He served until December 4, 1864, 
and was with the Thirteenth and Seventeenth Army 
Corps combined, participating in theseigeand cap- 
ture of Vicksburg, the battle of Champion Hills, 
and many others. On his return from the war, he 
took a course of lectures in Jefferson Medical Col- 
lege oil Philadel|)hia, graduating from the same in 
the Class of '65. On receiving his degree, he re- 
sumed practice in Montgomer}-, where he remained 
until October 15, 1887, during which time he suc- 
ceeded in procuring a large and lucrative business. 
His professional rides carried him into six counties, 
and the work becoming too arduous for him, he 
having become somewhat advanced in years, he 
lemoved to Des Moines with the ex[)ectation of re- 
tiring from active practice. This he has not been 
able to do, however, but still does considerable 
ollice piactice, which comes to him through his 
well earned reputation for skill in specialties. 

Dr. Vest was married in Russeilville, Blown 
County, Ohio, December 23, 1854, to Miss Mar- 
garet Phibbs, who was born in Adams Country, 
Ohio, .\pril ;!, 1831. They became parents of six 

children, three sons and three daughters: Mary E., 
the eldest, became the wife of John .McDonald, and 
died on the 14th of May, 1874; Martha is the wife 
of L. "\V. Wilson, of Topeka, Kan.; John W. mi;r- 
ried Mary Johnson, and is eugagetl in farming in 
I'oweshiek County, Iowa; William E. is a [)hysi- 
cian; he was graduated from the Keokuk Medical 
College, and later from Jefferson Medical College 
at Philadelphia, and is now successfully engaged in 
practice in Montgomery, Iowa, where he has gained 
great popularity. His wife was formerly Miss Alice 
Wood. Fred E. has also twice graduated. First 
from the medical dejjartment of the State L'niver- 
sity at Iowa City, and later from the Jefferson 
Medical College of Philadel|)hia. He is now in 
partnership with his brother in Montezuma, where 
both are recognized as skillful and thoroughly edu- 
cated physicians, and enjoy a large and lucrative 
practice. The junior member wedded Miss Addie 
Stevenson. Myrtle, the youngest child of the fam- 
ily, died in infancy. 

Dr. Vest is a radical Republican in politics, and 
belongs to several civic societies, including the 
Grangers, tlie Odd Fellows and the Masons. He is 
a member of the county Medical Society, and is 
distinguished in tlic profession for his skill in his 
advertised specialties. 

R. ALONZO RAW.SON. who for twenty- 
I; three years was a leading dentist of Des 
Moines, but now living a retired life, is a 
native of New Hampshire. He was born 
in East AIslea<l, Cheshire County, on the 2d of 
April, 1831, and is a son of Jonathan and Eliza- 
beth (Flint) Kawson, who were also natives of New 
Ham|>shire. The Rawson family of which our sub- 
ject is a descendant, was founded in ^VuiL'rica by 
Edward Rawson, who was boru in Gillingham, Dor- 
setshire. England, April 16, 1615, married JNIiss 
Rachel Perne, and emigrated to this country in 
1636. He joined the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, 
and settled in the town of Newbury. He was a 
man of superior abilily and great force of 



ter, and took prominence among the early colo- 
nists. In 1647 and 1648, he represented Newluiry 
in the General Council, and was the recipient of a 
grant of five hundred acres of land from the Gov- 
ernment for services rendered the commonweaUli. 
He was appointed secretarj' of the Colony of Massa- 
cliusetts, and acting in his ofticial capacity, signed 
the warrants issued and sent by Charles the .Sec- 
ond, of England, to America, for the arrest of the 
Regicides. He was the author of several books, 
and was a very strict Presbyterian in religious 

Of his family, which was quite a large one, the 
eighth child, Rebecca, who is said to have been a 
beautiful and accomplished woman, had a sad and 
romantic history. Slie married asni)posed nepliew 
of Chief Justice Hale, of England, and accompanied 
him to the old country, only to be deserted by her 
husband, who proved to have been already married. 
She then started to return to her home, but the ship 
on which she embarked, while l\"ing at anchor in 
Port Royal, was engulfed by the great earthquake 
of June 7, 1692, and she, with all on board, was 

Edward Rawson died August 27, 1693, as shown 
by the record in tlie family IJible, which is now 
more than two hundred j'cars old, and is still in 
possession of the family-. 

The subject of this sketch, Dr. Alonzo Rawson, 
received an academic education, and at the age of 
eighteen years. liega]i teaching school, which voca- 
tion he pursued until of age. wiien in March, 1852, 
he started out to seek his fortune. Traveling on 
foot, he reaclu'(l Cleveland, Ohio, where he spent 
the summer, and in the following fall pushed on to 
Western Illinois, stopping at Moline, where he 
helped his uncle, the Hon. S. W. Wheelock. to start 
the first paper f.actory on the Mississippi River. 
Crossing into Iowa im horseback, he penetrated 
the countr}- .as far as Cedar Rapids, remaining a 
couple of days willi some squatters, then the onlj- 
occupants of what is now the thriving cit3' of Wat- 
erloo. At the end of two weeks he relraccd his 
steps to Moline and returned his borrowed steed to 
its owner. Not long after that time, young Raw- 
son went to Cleveland. Ohio, where he studied den- 
tistry, bill in the winter of lH,j;>, we again (in<l iiim 

en route for the West, his destination being [Des 
Moines. During that trip be entered a tract of 
four hundred acres of land near Monroe, Jasper 
County", which in 1857, he traded for his present 
homestead in Des Moines. Again after a short sea- 
son spent in this cit^-, he returned to Ohio, and en- 
g.aged in the practice of dentistry. 

In Richfield, that State, on the 10th of October, 
1855, Mr. Rawson married Miss Lucy Amelia Bliss 
Rawson, daughter of Dr. Secretary and Luc}' (Han- 
cock) Rawson. Her father is a lineal descendant 
of Edward Rawson before mentioned, and was born 
(X'tol)er 18, 179G, in .Salem, Mass. He was twice 
married, first in the Bay State, in May, 1820, to 
Miss Clara Crossett, by whom he had one daugh- 
ter, Clara IL. now Mrs. Firtnin, of Ohio. In 182.3 
he removed to Summit County, Ohio, and eslab- 
lisiied himself in [jractice at Richfield. Having lost 
his first wife, he was again married .lune 19, 1824, 
the lady of his choice being Miss Hancock, a lineal 
descendant of John Hancock, the first signer of the 
Declaration of Inde|)endence. Three ciiildren were 
born of the latter union: Elizabeth C. A., who died 
at the a'je of fifteen years; Luc}' A. B.. who is now 
the wife of Dr. A. Rawson; and Sarah A. B., now 
Mrs. McNeil, of Tiffin, Ohio. The mother died in 
Des Moines, in August, 1884, at the .age of eightj-- 
fivo years, but tiie father isstiU living in hisninetj'- 
fourth j'car, and resides with his daughter Lucy. 
Dr. Secretary Rawson was engaged in the .actire 
practice of iiis profession for fifty-five 3'cars, and 
enjoys the i-emarkable experience of having lived 
under the administration of every President of the 
United States, from George Washington to Benja- 
min Harrison, inclusive. In early life he a 
Whig, and later heli)ed to organize the Republican 
parly in Ohio. He is well preserved physically and 
mentally, and still takes a warm interest in politics. 

Dr. Rawson. the subject of this sketch, pursued 
tlic practice of dentistry in Cleveland, Ohio, until 
the summer of 1860, when he came to Iowa, and 
embarked in practice in Des Moines. He was the 
second dentist in the city, and is now the oldest 
resident representative of his profession here. He 
continued in active and successful practice until 
188;], covering a period of twenty-three years, when 
he retired. Since his arrival, his home been on 



the site of his prrsent residence. When he first set- 
tled there he had to find his way down town by the 
cow paths, and the Indians were so numerous and 
intrusive, that Mrs. Rawson was afraid to be left 
alone in her new homo. The Doctor ami his wife 
have two children: the dauirliter. Nellie, who was 
born September 11, 18()1, is the wife of Prof. R. II. 
Miller, and both are employed as' teachers in the In- 
stitute of Technology of Boston, Mass.; the son, 
Alonzo Rawson, Jr., wlio was born November 18, 
18G4, is a practicing attorney of AVhatcome, Wash., 
and is the owner of a (jiiarter-seetion of (inc timber 
land. Both children were educated in the State 
University, the son graduating from both collegiate 
and law de|iarlmeiits. while the daughter was grad- 
uated from tlie collegiate department, and from the 
school iu which she is now a teacher. No expense 
or pains was spared i.i making them accomplished 
and cultured jreople. 

Ill 186-t. Dr. Rawson purchased a !arm of one 
hundred and sixty acres, situated iu Valley Town- 
ship, at ij^IO.oO |)er acre. The farm almost adjoins 
the suburbs of Des Moines, and in consequence has 
become quite valualile. and if the contemplated col- 
lege is built w: ere it is proposed, the price of the 
land will rise much higher. Dr. Rawson is Repub- 
lican in |iolitics, but though often solicited to Ije- 
come a candidate for ollice, would never consent. 
He is a plain, unassuming man of Ijroad anil liberal 
views, genial and kindly in manner, aiu( holds his 
word as sacred as his bond. He is pul3lic-s|)irited 
and liberal in support of public imiirovements and 
local enterprises, and labored long and earnestly 
to secure the location of a college in Des Moines, 
knowing that it will greatly benefit the city. 


Vf'OHN B. HATTON, M. D., one of the lead- 
ing practitioners of Des Moines, and a faith- 
ful soldier of the late war, is now the junior 
($*/' partner in the firm of Ward & Hatton. His 
early life was spent amidst wild and exciting scenes. 
He was born in a camp among the Indians in Mon- 
roe County, Mo., July 7, 1839, and his boyhood 
days were spent as a pioneer of Iowa. His parents 

were John B. and Catherine C. (Abbott) Hatton, 
the former a native of Jlason County, Ky., the lat- 
ter of East Tennessee. In their childhood d.aj's 
both became resident.s of Monroe County, Mo., 
where the}' were married and began their domestic 
life. The husband was a carpenter, and followed 
that business in Missouri until December, 184(;, 
when accompanied by his family he removed to 
Appanoose County, Iowa. Both parents died in 
this State, the father at the .age of seventy-three 
years, the motlier when seventy years of age. They 
were numbered among the faithful members of the 
Christian Church, and in politics Mr. Hatton first 
supported the Whig party, and afterward became a 
Republican. He was an enthnsiastic admirer of 
Henry Clay, and was a warm advocate of the prin- 
ciples originated b}' that statesman. 

Our subject is the only one now living in a fam- 
ily of thirteen children, six sons and seven daugh- 
ters, and u|>on him therefore devolves the duty 
of perpetuating their history. Three of his broth- 
ers became physicians, having inherited a taste for 
that profession from their mother, who was a wo- 
man of remarkable intellectual force and industry, 
and was a pr.actical physician. George W. was a 
distinguished practitioner of Pleasant A'iew, Iowa; 
Joseph W. engaged in |ir.ictice in Klliott, Iowa; 
and the 3'oungest sister, Elizabeth, became the wife 
of Dr. Daniel Pa^ton, of Oakland, C'al. 

John B. Hatton, whose name heads this sketch, 
was reared on the frontier, and early inured to the 
hardships and trials incident to [lioneer life. He 
was educated b}' his mother until seventeen years 
of age, when he entered a siiliscription school, hav- 
ing earned the money wherewith to pay his ex- 
penses. At the age of twenty-two years he began 
pieparing himself for his life work, under the in- 
struction of his brother, George W., and in the 
winter of 1859-60, he pursued a course of lectures 
at the College of Physicians and Siirgeo^is, of Keo- 
kuk. Iowa. Ill the meantime the countr}- was be- 
coming involved in a serious trouble which resulted 
in war, and August, 15, 1802, feeling it his duty 
to aid the Government, he enlisted as a member of 
Companj' F, Thirtj'-fourlh Iowa Infantry. After 
serving six months as Second Lieutenant, he was 
transferred lo the medical department and comiuis- 



sioncd Assistant Smgeoii, liowever continuing witii 
the same regiment. His superior oflicer resigning, 
by a vote of the regiment he was elected to fdl the 
vacancy, and cominissiuned 133- Gov. Kirkwood, 
after wliich the commission was sent to Col. Clark, 
but as Mr. Hatton lia>l not yet held the office of 
First Assistant, he reversed the commission and 
recommended him for that [josition. The Doctor 
then offered his resignation. l>ut the Colonel would 
not .accept it, and instead made him Captain of his 
old company, which he commanded until the close of 
the war. He participated 111 many of the most im- 
portant engagements, including the l)attlcs at Vicks- 
burg, Arkansas Post, the Rod River Expedition, 
the capture of Ft. Gaines and Ft. Morgan, and the 
siege and capture of Spanish Fort. He remained in 
the army until the close of the war. and during his 
entire service he was never wounded nor taken 

Dr. Hatton received his discharge at tlie montli 
of the White River, in Arkansas, and immediately 
thereafter returned to the Korth, locating in the 
village of New York, W.ayne Count}', Iowa, where 
for three years he engaged in the jiractice of medi- 
cine, when he removed to Russell, Lucas County. 
Wishing to keep abreast of the times !>e after- 
w^^rd attended lectures at the (.'ollegeof Physicians 
and Surgeons, at Keokuk, Iowa, from which he vvas 
gr.-iduated in 1 871, when, in May, of tlie same year, 
he lo(-atcd in Red Oak. .Montgomery County, where 
he remained until December. 1889. He had an ex- 
cellent practice in Red Oak. and was fast accumu- 
lating a competency, but wishing to have access to 
the splendid schools of this city, he located in Des 
Moines, at the same time forming a partnership 
with Dr. W. II. H. Ward, the eldest resident prac- 
titioner of the county. 

On the 21st of January, 1880, Dr. Hatton was 
joined in wedlock with Anna M. Matthews, a 
native of Ohio, who came with her family to Des 
Moines. They now have two children, sons — John 
M. and Raymond. The Doctor is an active worker 
and consistent member of the Christian Church, 
while his wife is a communicant of the Presbyte- 
rian Church. In bis political views he is a Demo- 
cra'.. and by Prcsi<lent Cleveland was appointed 
Secretary of the Board of Pension Kxaminers of 

Red Oak. He is connected with two civic societies, 
tlie Knights Templar Masons and Knights of Pyth- 
ias, and by his brethren of the lodge is highly 
esteemed. During the twenty-seven years with 
which he has been connected with the medical pro- 
fession he has enjoyed a liberal and lucrative prac- 
tice, and has worked his way upward to a prominent 
position in the front ranks. He [iroved himself 
a loyal and faithful soldier during the late war, and 
is regarded ,as one of the enterprising and valued 
citizens of Polk County. Although his residence 
in this commuuitj' has been of short duration he 
has succeeded in establishing a large and profitable 


(^^IIOMA.S BOYD, of Des Moines, is num. 
;#y^' bered among the pioneers of Polk County 
*\^^' of 1850, and as such well deserves mention 
in this volume. He has alwa^'s borne liis part in 
the upbuilding of the county, its growth and ad- 
vancement and to the early settlers Polk County 
owes much of her present prosi)erity. 

Sir. Boyd was born in F.ayette County, lud., in 
the town of Connorsvill?, in 1826, and is a son of 
James Boyd, a native of Virginia, who emigrated 
to Indiana at an early d.ay. His boyhood days, 
liowever, were spent in his native county but soon 
after his marriage to Miss Martilla Harp, he re- 
moved to Indiana. He served as a soldier in the 
War of 1812, and fought under Gen. J.aekson at 
the famous battle of New Orleans. Accompanied 
by his family he continued his westward journeys 
until he reached Scott County, III., where he passed 
the greater [)art of his remaining days, allhough his 
death occurred in Pike County, that State. His 
wife survived him manj- years, and dying in Des 
Jloines, was buried in Greenwood Cenietery near 
this cit}'. The family of James and ^lartilla Boyil 
numbered six children, all of whom grew to mature 
3'cars, wliile two sons and the only daughter of the 
family, Mrs. Elizabeth L. Kellogg, of Des Moines, 
are now living. She is the eldest of the survivors. 
Thomas is second in order of birth, and the young- 
est is John B.. a resident farmer of this county. 
Overton. Anderson and William, the three brothers 



now deceased, lie buried by tlieir motiier in Green- 
wood Cemetery. TLe first and tliird were unmar- 
ried and the second left a wife, his cliildrcn having 
died before his death occurred. 

In his native State, the subject of this sketch 
was reared, until ten years of age, when the family 
removed to Illinois. He was but sixteen years of 
age at the time of iiis faihei's death and at that 
time was practically' thrown upon his own resources. 
In 1849, accompanied by his mother and youngest 
brother, he came to Iowa, and the following si)ring 
to Des Moines, where he has made his home con- 
tinuously since with the exception of a short time 
spent upon the Pacific Slope. In the spring of 
1850, his brother William started from his home in 
Illinois to California and the same year Thomas 
also made his way across the plains to the newlj- 
discovered gold fields. Neither knew of tin; trip of 
the other or that thej- had contemplated making the 
journey and their meeting was a joyful surprise. 
Tiiey spent two years in California, engaged in 
mining during a greater part of the time, in which 
they were reasonably successful and then returned 
together by wa}' of the Isthmus of Panama, both 
coming at once to Polk County, where the rest of 
the family were then living. They resided upon 
the farm for a time, but in 1853, became residents 
of Des Moines, where William engaged in the har- 
ness and saddlery business. He conducted that 
business for a period and then sold out, but con- 
tinued to make his home in tiie capital city until 
his death. 

The business which occupied the attention of our 
subject on his return from the gold fields was car- 
pentering and joining, but after a short time he 
gave up active work in that line and turneil his 
attention to real estate. Few men have done more 
for the upliuikling and beautifying of the city, 
especially in the earlier days. He erected many 
residences and other buildings and yet owns con- 
sifleral)le fine city pro|)erty. He Ins been a wit- 
ness of the many great changes whicii liave taken 
place for tiie past forty-one years, has seen a little 
village of less than a thousand inhabitants trans- 
formed into a city wiiich has no equal in the State, 
countless manufactories and industries have been 
introduced, large mercantile establishments have 

taken the place of little country stores, and i)alatial 
residences occupy the sites of pioneer log cabins or 
one-story frame dwellings. This change has been 
brought about only by the arduous labor, enter- 
prise and industry of the citizens of Des IMoines, 
Mr Boyd having fully borne his share. 

On the 2d of January, 1856, in the city which 
has so long been his home, Mr. Boyd was united in 
marriage with Miss Nancy Homan, who was born 
in Franklin County, Ohio, in 1826, and is a daugh- 
ter of Johnson and Lucy (Locket) Homan, who 
wei'e natives of Kentucky. The mother died when 
the daughter was an infant and she lost her father 
when only seven years old. She came to Des 
Moines with an uncle, John Pruvolt, in 1852. The 
lives of Mr. and Mrs. Boyd have been well spent. 
They have not onl}- aided in [jublic matters but 
have i)erformed many acts of ciiarity, which have 
secured them the love of the recipients of their 
bounty and have won man}' warm friends by their 
uniform kindness and courtesy. 

Vrl AMES STANTON, who is engaged in the 
culture of small fruit on section 19, Bloom- 
field Township, is numbered among tiie 
i^fj honored pioneers of the county, dating his 
residence from 1848. The traveler of to-day can 
scarcely imagine that forty 3ears ago Polk County 
was almost an uninhabited wilderness. Des ]\Ioines 
had been established but was a mere hamlet, con- 
taining some log fort houses along the banks of the 
Des Moines and Coon Rivers and a few log cabins. 
The greater part of the land was still "n the |)os- 
session of the (Jovernment., the Indians had not yet 
left the settlement and wild game, such as elk, deer, 
etc., was still seen. Mr. Stanton tells of witness- 
ing a war dance by the red men on the site of the 
court-house and on the ground now occupied by 
the StateCapitol, has frequently picked wild blnck- 
berries. Much of the |)resent advanced position of 
the county is due to the pioneers and earh' set- 
tlers. Thc\- were men of determined will, who had 
come to make homes for themselves and families 
and were not to be deterred from their purpose by 



tlio hardsliips aucl trials incident to the settling of a 
new country. Thej' laid the foundation for the 
success of the county, and we cannot say too much 
in tlieir praise. Mr. Stanton did liis share in the 
noble work and therefore is deserving of mention 
in this volume, which is to perpetuate the lives and 
deeds of the pioneers and the most prominent citi- 
zens of the county. 

He was born in Vermdion Countj'. 111., March 
25, 1824. and is of Scotch and English descent. 
His father, Ricliard Stanton, was a native of Ken- 
tucky, and in his younger days learned the trade of 
a gunsmith, though he afterward engaged in black- 
smithing and later devoted his energies to agricul- 
tural pursuits. He wedded Ruth Hayworth, a 
native of/fennessee and they became parents of 
nine children, but only three are now living — 
James; Rebecca, wife of Daniel Fox. of Jasper 
County, Mo. ; and ^Nlahlon, of Bloomlield Town- 
sliiji. Mr. Stanton followed blacksinithing in Illi- 
nois until 1835, when he removed to Missouri. 
Two years later, however, he returned to Illinois 
and in 1842 became a resident of Indiana, where 
he engaged in farming until 1847. Tluit year wit- 
nessed his arrival in I'olk County. He settled on 
what is known as the six-mile strip, which was then 
located in Polk County, but'was afternard added 
to Warren County, and after farming there until 
1854, sold out and [)urchased one liui:dred and 
twenty acres of land in Bloomlield Township. He now becoming quite aged and lading aside all 
business cares made his home with his children un- 
til his death, which occurred in June, 1885, in the 
eightty-nintli year of his age. His wife dieil ten 
3'ears previous and they were laid side by side in 
the Bloomlield Cemetery. The}' were numbered 
among the pioneer settlers of the county and were 
among its respected citizens. 

.lames Stanton, our subject, accompanied his pa- 
rents to Missouri when fifteen years of age and with 
them afterwards returned to Illinois. He was then 
a lad of seventeen years and shortly afterward 
started out in life for himself. He served an ap- 
prenticeshii) of two years to the blacksmith's trade, 
hut as his health did not permit him to engage in 
that business, he went to work in a packing house 
and the following spring drove cattle to the North. 

His health having somewhat improved, he then 
worked at his trade in Indiana until M.aj', 1846, 
when he enlisted in the First Indiana Regiment to 
serve in the Mexican War. The command was 
sent to the mouth of the Rio Grande, where they 
did garrison duty for about four months, iluring 
which time a great many of the men died on ac- 
count of the unhealthy section in wliiclf they Vere 
camped. For some time they were engaged in the 
same duty .at various places, and then Mr. Stanton 
worked at his trade for the Government at Monte- 
rey from June, 1847, until August of the same year, 
when he received his discharge and returned to In- 

Having in the meantime attained to mature 
years, Mr. Stanton secured for himself a life com- 
panion in the person of Miss Rebecca Lewsader. 
Their marriage was celebr.ated on the 9th of March 
1848, and in October, of the same 3'ear, they emi- 
grated to Polk County, Iowa, three weeks being 
consumed in making the trip. Having received a 
land warrant in corai)ensation for his services in 
the Mexican War, Mr. Stanton then made a claim 
of some land, upon which he made his home until 
1850, when he removed to Des Moines and opened 
a lilacksniilh slioj). He was doing a good business 
in that line and everything passed along pleasantly 
until 1852, when death entered the household and 
claimed as its victim the wife and mother, who 
died on the 2nd of March. Three children were 
born of that marriage but only one is now living, 
Sarah J., wife of 11. A. Evans, of Des Moines. Mr. 
Stanton was again married in November, 1852. his 
second union being with Nancy A. Thrailkill, 
daughter of Jacob and Ellen (Knao}-) Thrnilhill, 
both of whom were natives of Tennessee, the 
former born of Scotch parentage, the latter of Ger- 
man origin. The father a farmer and engaged 
in that business in Missouri and Iowa until 1819, 
when he went to California, where he engaged in 
mining and became quite wealth}'. He then started 
for home on a steamer, but as he was never again 
heard from it was supposed he was murdered for 
his money. His wife died December 13, 1846, 
Tlieir famil}- numbered six children, a.'s follows: 
Nancy A., wife of our subject; John, of Mexico; 
Joseph C., of Des Moines; Catherine K., a widow 




of Lemuel Corison, who was killed in the charge 
at Bhii-k Riilgc Biidge during the late war; David, 
of De Soto, Dallas County-, Iowa; and Cassander, 
wife of Joiiu Byran, of Cass Count}', Mo. After 
tlie dealli of liis first wife, Mr. Tliruilkill, on the 
19th of March, 1847, wedded Sarah B. Ferguson. 
Tliey iiad one child, Thomas 15., wlio died in the 

By tiie marriage of Mr. Stanton and Nancy 
Thrailkill ten children were born, hut four have 
now passed away. Tiiose living are Mar}', wife of 
Richard Lowe, of Des Moines; Belle, wife of J. O. 
Tavonor, of Bloomfield Township; (Jideon W., who 
is aiding his fatlier in the operation of the old 
liomestead; Nellie, wife of Frank Eberman, of 
Bloomfield Townsliip; Charles and Robert who are 
still with their parents. 

Mr. .Stanton continued to engage in blacksmith- 
ing in Des Moines until 1859, whe.i he operated a 
rented farm for a year, after wliich he removed his 
family to their home in the city and started for the 
mines of Colorado, where he sjjent the summer 
mouths. The following winter he again engaged in 
blacksniitliing and in the spring of 1861 , purchased 
Utviy acres of land. lie met with adversi- 
ties in life but possessing a strong determination 
and good business ability, he has overcome all 
obstacles and now has a good farm. For the past 
seventeen yeais he has given the greater part of 
his fitlention to the culture of small fruits. In which 
he has been quite successful, but also is engaged to 
sonu! extent in the raising of stock. From the or- 
ganization t)f the Republican party he has been one 
of its suiiportcrs and in its welfare and success 
feels a deep interest. 

— //,( LLKN DEARTH, who is numbered among 
^ ®l'-\ tbe early settlers of the county and is no'v 
ill Is living on section 35, Bloomfield Township, 
was born in Warren County, Ohio, on the 
2(;th of June, 1800. His i)arents were James E. 
and ICIizabctli (Long) Dearth, the former a native 
of I'l'iinsylvania of Scotch descent, the latter of 
\'irgiiiia, born of Ijermau [)arcMtagi'. By occupa- 

tion the father was a farmer, and for many years 
followed that business in AVarren County, Ohio. 
He served his country in the War of 1812, after 
which he returned to his home in the Buckeye 
State, where he resided until his death. He passed 
away at the ripe old age of seventy- six years. His 
wife survived him some time, and died in 18G1. 
There were six children born to this couple, but 
three of that number are now deceased, namely: 
Leviletta, Eliza and Samuel. Those living are: 
Allen, who is second in order of birth; William 
L., of Warren County, Ohio; and Ellen S., a resi- 
dent of Minnesota. The parents of this family 
were earnest Christian people, who did much to ad- 
vance the cause of Christ on earth. The}' early 
instilled into the minds of their children such jnin- 
ciples f,s would make them honorable, upright 
citizens, and were they now alive, might well be 
pi'oud of the family which they reared. 

Allen Dearth, the subject of this sketch, grew to 
manhood in Warren County, Ohio, where his early 
life was passed in much the usual manner of 
farmer lads. He availed himself of such oppor- 
tunities as the common schools afforded, but as the 
county in which his parents lived was newly-set- 
tied, his educational advantages were necessarily 
limited. Like a dutiful son, he assisted his father 
in the cultivation of the farm until twenty-one 
years of age, when he was given some land and 
began operations for himself. He was married 
about this time, and with his young wife removed 
to his farm, which he o[)erated until 1818, when, 
having a chance to dispose of it to an advantage, 
he sold out and liought another farm in the same 
neighborhood. That land he cultivated for about 
five years, prosperity attending his efforts during 
that period. Selling out, he then purchased fif- 
teen acres on the outskirts of Springborough, \\'ar- 
ren County, for which he paid $80 per acre and 
afterward sold for $9,000. Later, he traded his 
town [iroperty for eight hundred acres of land in 
lioone County, Iowa. He had also been the owner 
of extensive possessions in Indiana, including some 
twelve hundred acres of land, all of which he dis- 
posed of, trading the last eighty acres for one hun- 
dred and sixty acres in Page County, Iowa.- Ho 
believecl that this State would rapidly settle and 



that bis lands would become very valuable, so 
that, iu 1853, he came to Iowa for tiie purpose of 
here making liis home. He first went to P.oone 
County, but thinking the land too wild in that 
region, came to Polk County, with the future pros 
pects of whidi he was quite delighted. In conse- 
quence he purchased a lot iu the city of Ues 
Moines, for which he paid ^800. and erected a resi- 
dence thereon. Having t)een so successful in his 
real-estate speculations in Oiiio and Indiana, Mr. 
Dearth determined to make that his business in 
Iowa, and after his settlement in this city made 
I)urchase of four hundred acres of land in Dallas 
County, which adjoins Polk County. After resid- 
ing in Des Moines for about a year, he sold his 
land just mentioned and bought four hundred acres 
in Bloomfield Township, but by that investment 
lost $8,000, the land having been previously mort- 
o-awed. He labored hard to get his business affairs 
in a good condition once more, after his failure, 
and in due course of time purchased the farm on 
which he is now living. 

Mr. Dearth married on the 10th of April, 
1828, the lady of his choice being Miss Margaret 
Deardorff, daughter of .Jacob and Annie (Van 
Dyke) Deardorff, both of whom were natives of 
Pennsylvania, born of German parentage. The 
father was a farmer by occupation, and was en- 
"■aced in that pursuit at the time of his deat'.. Of 
the eight children born to Mr. and Mrs. Deardorff 
only one is now living — Margaret, wife of our sub- 
ject, who is now eighty-one years of age. Mr. and 
Mrs. Dearth have had a family of five children, 
but one died in infancy. Jacob is a resident of 
Indianola, Iowa; Perry is a farmer of Webster 
County, Mo.; Eliza A. is the wife of John T. 
Chambers, of Benton County, Ark.; and Lavina 
is the wife of John McGriff, who owns and oper- 
ates one hundred and fifty acres of the farm on 
which Mr. Dearth lives. They have an interesting 
family of five children — William, Eddie, Howard, 
Ella and Charles. One ciiild, Mary, is now de- 

Eor the long period of thirty-seven years Mr. 
Dearth has made liis home in Polk County, his 
residence dating from 18,53. Great, indeed, have 
been the changes which have taken place since that 

time, and prompted by his energetic and progres- 
sive spirit, he has taken an active part in the work 
of advancement. His fellow citizens, appreciating 
his worth and ability, have frequently called upon 
him to serve in official jiositious. He was Super- 
visor of tiie roads. Trustee of Bloomfield Town- 
ship and for about twenty terms has served on the 
grand and petit juries. He cast his first Presi- 
dential vote for John Quinc}' Adams, and sup- 
ported the Wiiig party until he joined the Repub- 
lican l>arty at its organization. He then continued 
his connection with that great national organiza- 
tion until 1880, when he joined forces with the 
Greenback partj*. More than sixty years have 
passed since Allen Deartli and Margaret Deardorff 
started out on life's journej- together. They have 
met many difficulties and discouragements and have 
borne their share in the sorrows of this world, yet 
their union has resulted in great happiness to ])oth, 
and tiieir companionship grows dearer as the years 
advance. For fifty five years they have given their 
lal)ors for the u|)building of the Master's cause. 
They are members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church and are loyal Christian people, who li\- 
their upright lives have won the love and confi- 
dence of all. They are now nearing the other 
shore, but they can look back over tiie past with 
no regret and forward to the future with no fears, 
resting on the promises of the Bible and the hope 
of a home where all is peace and happiness. 

^^ p=: -'^ 

j)j junior partner of the firm of Weaver A' 
Gillette, editors and publishers of the Iowa 
)! Tribunp, of Des Moines, was born in Bloom- 
field, Conn., on the 1st of October, 1840, and is a 
son of the Hon. Eranci.s and Eliza (Hooker) Gil- 
lette. His parents were both descendetl from ol<l 
New England families, of Puritan origin, tlie 
mother, who is still living in Hartford, Conn., trac- 
ing her ancestry iu direct line back to the Rev. Mr. 
Hooker, who was the first Congregational minister 
of that city. The father, who was a United States 



Senator from Connecticut, in 1854, and rankerl 
among the most prominent men of the State, died 
in 1881. 

Edward II. (lillette, whose name heads this 
sketci), leceived. lilicial educational advantages in 
his youlii. and was thereby fitted for a useful and 
honorable [losilion in life. He attended the Hart- 
ford High School, and the State Agricultural Col- 
lege of New York. He left college to come to 
Des ]SIoines, in 18G3, and has since been a resident 
of this city, except a short time spent in business 
in Hartford, Conn. Farming and the raising of 
line stock have occupied his attention during a 
considerable portion of that period, and for some 
time he has also devotc<l his abilities and energy to 
to manufacturing, journalism and politics. Since 
December, 18S;3, he has been associated with Gen. 
J. 1). Weaver in editing and publishing the Iowa 
Tribune, a weekly paper, which was established in 
1879, and which was pui-chased by Messrs. Weaver 
it (iillette in 1883. The Iowa Tribuni' wns the or- 
gan of the National or Greenback part}', and is still 
devoted to the same issues under the I'nion Labor 
paity, the name assumed b}- the old Greenliack 
party, and advocates anti-monopoly, currency re- 
form, and the rights of labor in all branches of 
industry. The pa[)er, which is abi^' edited, lias 
attained a large circulation throughout the North- 
west, and to quite an extent throughout the length 
and breadth of the land, from Maine to Texas and 
California. Mr. Gillette has been for many years 
an active supporter of the National party, and is 
an able defender of its principles. In 1876 he was 
a delegate to the National Convention of that party 
in Indianai)olis, which nominated the Hon. Peter 
Cooper for the Presidency. Mr. Gillette was nom- 
inated for Congress in 1879, by the Greenback 
partj', to represent the Seventh District (the capi- 
tal), and as the nomination w'as satisfactory to the 
Democratic convention he became its candidate, 
and was elected to the Forty-sixtii Congress by a 
majority of nine hundred and twenty-one votes 
over his l{epid)lican opponent, the Hon. J. B. Cum- 
raings, although the district had previously given 
about eight thousand Republican majority. In the 
fall of 188.5 he w,as nominated for Lieutenant- 
Governor, receiving one hundred and sixty-seven 

thousand, seven hundred and eighty-seven votes, 
while the successful Republican candidate, tlie Hon. 
J. A. T. Hull, was elected with one hundred and 
seventy six thousand, nine hundred and forty-six 
votes. Mr. Gillette has for many years been a 
member of the National Committee of the National 
part}', and for several years was Chairman of that 
committee. He has taken an active part in every 
campaign, and has made si)ceches tliroughout the 
country, from Maine to in the interest of 
the political organization which he supports. Asa 
speaker and debater lie is logical, earnest and elo- 
quent, and his addresses are alw.ays entertaining 
and instructive. 

On the 26th of June, 1866. in Milford. Conn., 
Mr. Gillette was imited in marriage with Miss 
Sophie Stoddard, a native of Connecticut, and a 
daughter of .lose|)h and Sophia I. Stoddard. They 
have three children, one son and two daughters: 
Florence, the eldest chMd, is the wife of William 
E. Nichols, of East Haddam, Conn. Mr. Gillette 
is a man of superior mental force, well informed on 
all general subjects, and an able and earnest advo- 
cate of labor reform, and of such legislation as will 
insure to the laborer the legitimate results of his 
efforts in support of hiroself and family. He sym- 
pathizes with all true reforms, demands equal 
rights for all men and women, and entertains radi- 
cal views upon the temperance question, but his 
record has been made primarily as the advocate of 
a financial system devised in the interest of pro- 
ducers rather than in the interest of idlers, with a 
view of emancipating all our industries from the 
enormous and ruinous taxes now imjiosed upon 
them by usurers. 


-H — • 

^^^p^HOMAS LOWE, an estimable citizen, who 
f(l(^^ for many years has been engaged in general 
''^^! farming and stock-raising on section 31, 
Bloomfield Township, was born in Ireland on the 
18th of January, 1827. His father, George Lowe, 
was also a native of the Emerald Isle and after at- 
taining to mature years engaged in agricultural 
l)ursuits in County Kildare. The lady nf hi.-i 



cboiuc, Catherine Beatty, was also born in the same 
county and b> their marriage they became the pa- 
rents of nine chilflren, four of whom are yet liv 
iiig — George, the eldest, is a resident of Ireland . 
William resides in Jackson. Miss.; Richard makes 
his home in Des Moines. 

Thomas, the fourth son. and the subject of this 
sketch, passed his youth amid play and work in the 
usual manner of farmer lads and remained at home 
until twenty-four years of age. The prospects af- 
forded young men in America at length attracted 
his attention and with a view of bettering his finan- 
cial condition, in the summer of 1851, he started 
for this country. Crossing the Atlantic in a sail- 
ing vessel, he at length arrived safely- in New York, 
where soon afterward he [irocured work on a barge 
on the Hudson River, wiiich position he retained 
for about three years. By industry and economy 
during that ))eriod, he acquired some capital and 
embarked in the grocci-y, business in ^'ew York 
City, continuing operations in that line for two 
years. He then determined to seek his fortune be- 
yond the Mississippi, anil in August, 1856, started 
by rail to Iowa Cit}', whence he completed his 
journey to Ft. Des Moines by stage. Scarcely had 
the work of devolopment been begun in the 
county, and the beautiful Capital City was then a 
small village with no sidewalks or few imfirove- 
ments of any importance. The present advanced 
ixjsition of the county is due to the early settlers'. 
and no inconsiderable part has iNIr. Lowe borne in 
the work of advancement and progress. He has 
witnessed almost the entire growth of the count\-, 
has seen its broad prairies transformed into beauti- 
ful homes and farms, its log cabins replaced by 
commodious and palatial residences, its towns and 
villages have grown into cities and all the im- 
provements and luxuries known to the civilized 
world has been introilueed. 

With characteristic energy, Mr. Lowe began 
search for employment and for a short time en- 
gaged with Barlow (i ranger in i)utting up ha}'. He 
then purchased four and one-half acres of land 
near Des Moines, for which he $100 per acre, and 
after working a short time for Samuel Gray .rented 
a farm which he operated on shares for a year. He 
then rented land of his old employer, which he 

operated in connection with that be had formerly 
purchased until he engaged to haul lumber which 
business he followed until 1868. Having in the 
meantime accumulated some capital, he added to 
his possessions fortj'-three acres of wild prairie land, 
upon which he erected a small cabin and after his 
famil}' were installed in their new home began the 
development of a farm. Industry and enterprise 
have marked his business career and being ambi- 
tious to succeed he has stead il}' pushed forward, 
overcoming all obstacles and disadvantages and is 
now numbered among the prosperous citizens of 
the community. As his financial resources in- 
creased, he extended I he boundaries of his farm 
until now it comprises three hundred and eighty - 
nine acres of land, the greater part of which is 
under cultivation, there being only twenty-five 
acres unimproved and that is a timber tract. His 
land has been divided into fields which are well- 
tilled and bj- the rotation of crops have been made 
to yield excellent harvests, paj-ing a golden tribute 
to the care and labor which he bestows upon ihem. 
In 1870 the pioneer home was replaced by a sub- 
stantial dwelling, good barns have been built and 
all other necessary' buildings for the storage of corn 
and the shelter of his stock, of which he raises ex- 
cellent grades. He also keeps on hand the latest 
imi)roved machinery. It can IruthfuUv be said of 
Mr. Lowe that he is a self-made man. He was al- 
most penniless when he landed in this country and 
without the aid of inlluence or capital has become 
one of the prosperous citizens of the county. His 
business enterprises have been characterized b}' fair 
and honest dealing and thereljy he has won the con- 
fidence of all with whom he came in contact. As a 
proof of the high regard in which he is held we 
will relate a little incident which goes to prove the 
warm friendship which his neighbors feel for him. 
In 1885, he had the misfortune to have his barn 
utterly destroyed b^^ fire with all its contents, in- 
cluding six horses and a colt, harness, farming im- 
plements, a spring wagon and a few tons of ha}'. 
Insurance covered part of the building, but nt)t- 
withstanding his loss was considerable, and his 
neighbors when they saw what a misfortune had 
overtaken him at once offered to make up his loss. 
Fortunately Mr. Lowe was not in need of the aid. 



but he warml}' thanked his friends and wHl ever 
fherisii in his lienrt the memory of their kindness 
and s} nipath}'. 

On the nth of December, ISiU, in New Yorl< 
C'itj', Tiiomas Lowe was united in marriage with 
Julia Kclley, and unto tlicra have been born nine 
ciiildron — Catherine F., who is now the wife of 
Jolin Boganwriglit, of Pollv County; William B., a 
resident of Warren County; Carrie J., wife of 
Frank Oeil; Walton T., who is at home; Ella, who 
is engaged in teaching scliool; Frank and Belle are 
still with their parents; and Julia and George are 
deceased. Mrs. Lowe is a daughter of William and 
Catherine (Dunn) Kellej', both of whom were na- 
tives of Ireland. Her father made merchandising 
his life work. lie once came to America with the 
intention of making his home in this country but af- 
terward returned to his native land and there re- 
sided until his death. His wife has also passed 
away. This worthy couple were parents of eight 
children, five of whom are yet living — Julia, wife 
of our subject; Catherine, a resident of New York; 
Margaret, who is still living in the Emerald Isle; 
George, a resident of Cleveland, Ohio; and Caro- 
line, who makes her home in Now York City. 

In politics Mr. Lowe is a Republican, having 
supported the principles of that party since its or- 
ganization, and both he and his wife are members 
of the Presbyterian Church. They have led faith- 
ful Christian lives, and are ever ready to extend a 
helping hand to the poor and needy and do all in 
their power for the advancement of the cause on 

OHN M. MEIIAN, I'residenl of the Capital 
City Commercial ('ollegc, of Dcs Moines, is 
a native of Virgini;i. lie was horn in Bath, 
Morgan County, on the (ilh of (October, 
1IS45, and is a son of Jeremiah and Ann (O'Reily) 
Mehan. His parents were both natives of tlie 
"'land where the shamrock grows," but in early life 
bade good-by to Ireland, and emigrated to this 
country. After his marriage, Jeremiah Mehan set- 
tled in Morgan County, Va., where he engaged in 
farming until 1852, when he removed to Illinois. 

Not long after, his wife was called to her final rest. 
When the late Civil War broke out, like many oth- 
ers of his brave fellow-countrymen, he went forth 
to battle for his adopted land, and never returned 
to the children who so anxiously awaited him, but 
sacrificed his life for the preservation of the I'nion. 

Bereft of both father and mother when a lad, 
John Mehan went to live with a merchant in \'an- 
dalia. III., where he was afforded the advantages of 
the public schools, and laid the foundation of his 
business education. At the age of twent}', he went 
to Montana, where some ten years of his life were 
spent. After mining for a time, he turned his at- 
tention to teaching, and subsequently eng.aged in 
book-keeping, in which vocation he became very 
proficient. Returning to Iowa in 1872, he accepted 
a position as a teacher in the grammar department 
of the schools of Nevada, this State, where he re- 
mained for two years, wdien he became Superinten- 
dent of the public schools in Ames, Iowa. In 1876, 
he was offered, and accepted the position of in- 
structor in penmanship, drawing and book-keeping, 
in the public schools of Creston, where he remained 
until he resigned in order to become general man- 
ager and special accountant for the New York Life 
Insurance Company. In 1884, he came to Dcs 
Moines, and has since made this city the center of 
his labors. As an accountant he stands second to 
none in the State, and has done a great deal of ex- 
pert work in that line. 

While In Nevada, Mr. Mehan was united in 
marriage with Miss Nettie Vedder, who died in 
1883, leaving a son and daughter. Three years 
later, he wedded ]\Iiss Flora Ickis, who has charge 
of the normal and English training department of 
the Capital City Commercial College. The Profes- 
sor is an active member of the Presbyterian Church. 
He is a member of the Commercial E.xchange, and 
one of the Directors in the Grand Avenue Savings 
Bank. He has connected himself with but one so- 
cial order, the iNIasonic. 

The history of the rise and growth of the Capital 
City Commercial College, will be of inteiest to 
ever}' one interested in the educational welfare of 
young men and women. When in 1884, Prof. 
Mehan decided to establish such a school in Des 
Moines, a small room near the corner of .Sixth and 

2 36 


Locust Streets was reuled, aiul tlirce teachers em- 
ployed. The calling of the roll (imiiig tlie first 
tliree raoutlis was certainly not a burdensome task, 
as the students numbered only four, but ere the 
year closed, so many sougiit for admission into the 
school, that new accommodations had to he ob- 
tained. A large part of the second, and all of the 
third Hoor of Meek's Block at the corner of Sixth 
and Locust Streets was secured, and is still in use. 
These apartments are fitted up in the liest style for 
the accommodation of tlie students. In 1889, the 
attendance numbered four hundred and twenl}'- 
five. The object of the school is to prepare young 
men and women for business careers. Tlie college 
is highly recommended by some of the most able 
instructors, and leading business men of Des Moines, 
but its highest recommendation comes from the 
fact that its students on entering business life, can 
command the best positions and highest salaries. 
Its instructors are persons of recognized abilit}'. 
Its President has had twenty-four years experience 
in educational work, and has succeeded in founding 
a school of wiiich tlie citizens of Des Moines may 
well be i)roud. 

^, R. LEWIS SCHOOLER, of Des Moines, was 
born near Columbus, Ind., March 17, 1848, 
being one of nine children, whose parents 
were Benjamin Harrison .ind Mary (Hughes) Schoo- 
ler. His grandfather, William Schooler, emigrated 
from Ohio to Harrison Count}', Kj'., at an early 
day and there wedded Elizabeth Stupf. In 1831, 
they removed to Bartholomew County, Ind., to 
make that tiieir home, being accompanied b}- their 
son Benjamin, who was born in Harrison County, 
Ky., in 1824, and was therefore seven years old 
when the family became residents of the Hoosier 
State. Following in the footsteps of his father. 
Benjami'i Harrison Schooler engaged in agricul- 
tural pursuits, which he still makes his business. 
Near Columbus, Ind.. he married Miss Hughes, 
who was born in Ohio in 1827, and in childhood 
accompanied her parents to Indiana. The young 
couple began tiicii' domestic life in that State, and 

are still living on the old homestead. The hus- 
band is a substantial l)ut unpretentious farmer, 
taking no part in public alTairs or politics, save to 
vote his political principles, which have always 
been in the line of the Wiiig and Republican 
parties. Of their nine children, eight are now 

Dr. Schooler is the onl}- one of the family that 
has ever pursued a professional career. His time 
was spent on tiie farm and in the district schools 
until December 3, 18G1, when at the age of fifteen 
years he enlisted in Company A, One Hundred and 
Forty fifth Indiana Infantrj', and served a year 
and two months under lien. Thonuas. He had 
previously m.ado two attempts to join the army, 
but his father, not willing that a boy so young 
should endure the hardships of a soldier's life, pre- 
vented iiim carrying out his wishes. At the close 
of the war he returned to his home in Indiana and 
entered Ilartsville College, where he remained 
three 3'cars, after which he engaged in teaching in 
his native State until 1870, when he went to Lex- 
ington, Mo., where he followed the same profession, 
and in his leisure hours read law until he was 
ready for admission to the bar, but before taking 
that step, wliicli would make him a member of 'the 
legal fraternit}-, he decided to study medicine, and 
on coming to Iowa, in 1873, entered the office of 
Dr. J. S. Gillett, of Iowa Center. During the 
winter of 1874-75 he attended his first course of 
lectures at the Louisville (K}'.) Medical College, 
after which he located in Sheldahl, Polk County, 
where he embarked in practice, there continuing 
until 1883, when became to Des Moines. In 1879 
he was graduated from the Kentuckj' School of 
Medicine with honor. For four j'ears. Dr. Schooler 
was Professor of Anatomy in the Iowa College of 
Physicians and Surgeons, now a dei)artment of 
Drake University, and is at present Dean of the 
medical faculty, and Professor of Surgery in the 

On the 30th of M,ay, 1876, in this city, the 
Doctor led to the marriage altar ^liss Alice J. Hos- 
kins, a native of New Hampshire, and unto them 
have been born five children, as follows: Blanche, 
Dean, Elva, Hazel and Ward. 

In May, 188'.). Dr. .Schooler was a[)pointed a 



member of tlie Pension Examining Board, of wliicU 
he is now Secretary. He is an iionored member of 
a number of civic societies, incliuling tiie Masons 
and tlie Knights of Pytliias, and is Post Com- 
mander of Crocker Post, No. !:>, O. A. R. Since 
attaining his majority he has supiiorted the Hepub- 
lican party, and takes an active part in political 
affairs, but lias never sought public office. He is a 
member of the Polk County I\lcdical Society, of 
which he has been President some time, of the 
State Medical Societj% and of the American Medi- 
cal Association. Already he is accounted by the 
profession one of the ablest surgeons in the State, 
having within ten 3-ears gained a reputation that is 
seldom acquired in a lifetime. Previous to this 
time he |_has done a general [iractice, but in the 
future he expects to devote his entire energies to 


11 AWRF:NCE T. FILSON, who resides on 
section 29, Hloomfield Township, has for 
the long |)eriod of forty years been num 

bered among the citizens of this county. He is a 
native of Fleming County, Kj'., born April 25. 
1822, and a son of AV'illiam and Percilla (Thomp- 
son) Filson, both of whom were of English descent. 
The father was a native of Virginia, but removed 
to Kentucky at an earlj- d.ay, and there followed 
farming throughout the remainder of his life. For 
twentj'-one years he served as Sheriff of Fleming 
Cojnt}^ and in the discharge of his official duties 
formed an tstensive acquaintance throughout the 
community. It is needless to say that he proved 
an able and efficient oflicer, foi- his long continued 
service plainly indicates that fact. He was a sup- 
porter of the Whig paVty in early life, and on its 
organization joined the Republican party. Al- 
though a resident of a slave State, he was greatly 
opi)Osed to slavery, and was a loyal supporter of 
the Union during the Civil War. Both he and his 
wife died about the year 1873. Unto them were 
born the following eight children — Mary, widow 
of Thomas Boyd, of Cass County, Mo.; Melinda, 
who is now deceased; Washington, a resident of 
Caldwell County, Mo.; Elizabeth J., wife of Will- 

iam Buckle^^ a resident of Cass County, Mo.; 
Emily, wife of Barnei* Ha3'den,of the. eame county: 
Lawrence T., of this sketch; Eveline, wife of Will- 
iam W. Williamson, who resides on the old home- 
stead in Fleming County, Ky.; and James L., of 
Caldwell County, Mo. 

Our subject received a limited education in the 
subscription schools, and was reared on the farm 
on which he was born. He remained under the 
parental roof until reaching man's estate, when he 
left home and went to Scott Count}', lud., where he 
served a three years' apjirenticeship to the carpen- 
ter's trade. He tlien went to .Icnnings County in 
search of work, and while there joined a regiment 
bound for Oregon. The com[)any went to Jeffer- 
son liarr.acks, St. Louis, and while there stationed 
the news was received of Taylor's fight nith the 
Mexicans. A call was then issued for volunteers, 
and with the other members of the regiment our 
subject enlisted. Thej' were drilled for cavalry 
service, after which they marched to the front, going 
by way of water to New Orleans, where they spent 
some time in drilling on the old battle-field where 
Andrew Jackson routed the British. After about 
two weeks they crossed the gulf to the mouth of 
the Rio Orande, but in so doing the horses were 
all lost, and the regiment was forced to proceed on 
foot. Later orders came to go to Vera Cruz by 
water, and in all the general battles along Scott's 
lines our subject participated. As a member of a 
regiment of shar|)shooters he was placed in front 
of the line of march, and was engaged in skirmish- 
ing all the way from \'era Cruz to the Citj' of 
Mexico, where the}' were quartered in the halls of 
Montezuma, the last king of the Aztecs. Mr. 
Filson was engaged in police duty for about eight 
months, at the end of which time peace was res- 
tored and they returne<l on foot to Vera Cruz, a 
distance of two hundred and fift}' miles. His ser- 
vice in the Mexican War covered a period of 
about three years, during which he suffered injuries 
from which he has never recovered. Proceeding 
with his regiment to St. Louis, by an act of Con- 
gress he was honorably discharged, after which he 
returned to the home of his parents, where he re- 
mained during the winter. His pay was then sent 
him and a land warrant given him for his services. 



Taking: his tools, in the spring of 1849 Mr. Fil- 
son started for the West to try his fortune on its 
broad prairies. He proceeded by water to Keokuk, 
and thence by team to Polk Couniy. -He found 
Ft. Des Moines to consist of a few scattered cabins 
on the east side, and the fort cabins wiiich graced 
the banks of the Coon and Des Moines Rivers. 
From tiiat time forward for a considerable period 
he was actively identified with the upbuilding of 
the count}' and the promotion of her interests. 
lie aided in the erection of the first frame house 
built in Des Moines, a portion of whicli stands 
to-day as a monument to his skill and industry. 
He continued work as a carpenter for about twelve 
years, during which lime he erected a number of 
residences. His first purchase of land consisted of 
one hundred and twenty acres in .Savior Township, 
which lie operated for two years, when he was 
forced to abandon agricultural pursuits on account 
of ill-health. He then returned to the city, and 
then engaged in contracting and building for two 
years, having under his charge a force of ten men. 
As he was a thorough master of the business in 
every particular, and did his work in the most 
careful and painstaking manner, he received a 
liberal patronage and was r.apidl}' acquiring a 
competence, but took a severe cold from exposure 
while working in the rain, and from the effects was 
confined to his bed for three months. For five 
years afterward he was unable to engage in Inisi- 
ness at all. and has never been able to resume 
work at his chosen occupation. When the war 
broke out he received a commission as Lieutenant 
from Gov. Kirkwood to raise a compan}', but 
owing to ill-health could not accept. In the sum- 
mer of 1864 he made purchase of one hundred and 
sixty acres of land, on which he now resides, and 
began the development of a farm. A little frame 
house of one room had been built, and an orchard 
of ten acres had been planted, but otherwise the 
land was in its primitive condition. 

Mr. Filson was married on the loth of Novem- 
ber, 1.S49. the lady of his choice being Miss Martha 
.1. lUizick. The marriage ccremonj- was performed 
in a little log cabin, and was one of the first wed- 
dings celebrated in this county. Mrs. Filson is a 
daughter of William and Kli7.:;betli (Walker) ISu 

zick, tlie former a native of Maryland and the 
latter of Ohio. Her father was an eminent minister, 
and was one of the early settlers of Polk Count}'. 
He arrived in Des Moines in 1846, and from that 
time until his death, which occurred in 1883, 
pre.ached the Gos[)cl in and around that city. His 
wife, a most estimable lad}', died twenty-four 
years previous to the death of her husband. They 
were beloved by all for their many good works, 
and in them the poor and needy found true friends. 
Their family numbered six children, as follows: 
Henry, Sarah A., Margaret, Mary A., William and 
Martha J. The union of Mr. and Mrs. Filson has 
been blessed with eight children, two sons and six 
daughters — Mary E., the first-born, is the wife of 
James Spring, a resitlent of Bloomfield Township; 
Amanda .1. is the wife of Franklin D. Pierce, of 
this county; Melinda E. wedded Truman Jones, of 
Bloorafield Township; Laura B. married L. 0. 
Jones; Edwin D. is operating the old homestead; 
Maggie C, Sarah A. and Lawrence L. are still with 
their parents. 

Ill politics, Mr. Filson is a llepublican. and so- 
cially a member of the ^lasonic fraternity. His 
fnrm comiirises one hundred and sixty acres of 
valuable land, highly cultivated and improved, 
upon which may be found an excellent grade of 
cattle. Mr. Filson is now practically living a 
retired life, while his son attends tc> the maiiage- 
menl of his business interests. 


,Tp\ E\'. F. WIXFRIED .SCHMIDT. (). S. B., 
p^ pastor of St. Mary's Church, of Des Moines, 
^l\V was born in Siedlinghausen. Westphalia, 
^^Germany, March 31. 1851, and is the son 
of a thrifty hardware merchant of that town. Hav- 
ing attended the parochial school until fourteen 
years of age, he then took a six 3-ears' course of 
training in Paderborn University, from which he 
was graduated in 1871. Those acquainted with 
the requirements of the (German universities can 
understand how thoroughly equipped the Rev. 
IMr. Schmidt was to begin life. The same year of 
his graduation he bade good-by to home and father- 


Oi/<V.. GwJX.,«a_^ 



land ail"! sailed for the United States. He at once 
took a [irofessoisliip in St. \'incent's College, situ- 
atod at Beatt^-'s Postoffice, Westmoreland County, 
Pa. After six years of satisfactory work in that 
college, he was called to the chair of Theolog}' and 
Philosophy in St. Iknedict's College, of Atchison, 
Kan., which he acceptably fdled until 1883. 

In that year the Kcv. Mr. Schmidt became rec- 
tor of St. Mary's Church, in Des Moines. The 
church was organized about 18G9, and in 1876 
their present fine brick cdilice was erected on the 
corner of Second and Crocker Streets. It has a 
huge auditorium that will seat some nine hundred 
persons, and also a department for school work. A 
school is maintained, in which bolii English and 
(u'rman are taught. Untd 1883 the church had 
Ik'pu under the Bishop's charge, but in that year 
it was transferred to the Benedictine Fathers. AVIien 
Father Schmidt took charge, the church was over 
^0,000 in debt. His efficient management, with 
the hearty co-operation of an al)le and liberal 
membership, has i)ai(l off all the indebtedness and 
increased the churcli proiierty until, at a modest 
estimate, it is valued at §80,000. The school af- 
fords both litcrarj' and musical instruction, and 
there are now al)out one hundied pupils under the 
care of three tcachei'S. Father Schmidt is an excel- 
lent linancier, as well as an able man in the pulpit, 
and his six years' pastorate in Des Moines has been 
a pleasant i>criod with both himself and his congre- 

\rJi Superintendent of the West Des Moines 
\^/^ [)ublic schools, is one of the renowned educa- 
tors of Iowa. lie is of Swiss extraction on the 
paternal side, and on his mother's side is of Scotch 
and Welsh origin. His grandfather Beardshear 
emigrated from Pennsylvania to \'irginia in an 
early day and in 1802, became a resident of Ohio, 
hjcating near Dayton, where he entered seven huu- 
(ircd acres of land. That .became the permanent 
home of the family and upon that farm, in 1811, 
was born the Doctor's father, John Beardshear. 
Having attained to man's estate, he was united in 

marriage with Elizabeth Coleman, who was born 
in Ohio, in 1821, and was a daughter of Robert 
Coleman, who emigrated from Pennsylvania to the 
Buckeye State during the earliest days of its his- 
tory. Mr. Beardshear was an energetic farmer 
and took an active part in local affairs, especially 
in the advancement of public schools, colleges 
and the interests of the Church. His hospitable 
door always stood open for the reception of those 
who spent their lives in preaching the gospel. He 
was a worthy member of the United Brethren 
Church and gave to it his earnest support until 
his death, which occurred in 1873. His aged wife, 
who still survives him, also belongs to that church 
and is universally esteemed. Their famili' consists 
of four children — AVilliam M. ; Sella, now :\[rs. 
Coover, wife of a prominent stock dealer of Ohio; 
Rilla, a music teacher; and Emma, wife of Prof. 
W. O. Krohn,of the Western Reserve College of 
Ohio. Emma died in .Tanuary, 1890. 

Dr. Beardshear was born on the old homestead 
near Dayton, Ohio. November 7, 1850, and until 
fourteen years of age his time was spent in develop- 
ing his physical nature by hard work on the farm, 
and his mental forces by reading and attendance 
in the district schools. In January. 1865, though 
little more than fourteen years of age, he enlisted 
in Company A. of the One Hundred and Eighty- 
fourth Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry and ser- 
ved until the close of the war in the Army of the 
Cumberland. On his leturn home, he began the 
task of securing an education, having to depend 
largely upon his own resources. In 1809, he en- 
tered the preparatory deparlnicnt of Otterbcin 
University, and after six years of hard study grad- 
uated at the licail of a large class with the degree 
of A. B. Dunng his college course he united with 
the United Ihcthicn Church, anil upon his gradua- 
tion in lS7('i,was called to the pastorate of that 
church in Arcanum, Ohio, where he ministered two 
years. That period is cherished alike by pastor 
and people. The years 1878-80 were spent by Mr. 
Beardshear mostly in the "^'ale Theological Semi- 
nary of New Haven, Conn., and during that time 
he supplied the i)ulpit of the Congregational Church 
at Bethany. In the early part of 1881, he was 
called to Summit Street Church in Dayton, Ohio, 



but resigned in Jiil^y of the snaie year to ac;cei)t the 
presidency of Western College in Toledo, Iowa, 
thus becoming one of the youngest college presi- 
dents in the I'liited States. 

When Dr. Beardsbear took charge of that insti- 
tution, it was almost destitute of endowment, build- 
ings and students, but by his persistent and well- 
directed efforts, and the aid of stanch friends of the 
college, the enrollment more than quadrupled, 
three large buildings were erected, and over 
>!2()0,()()0 added to the various funds of 
tlie college. While working in the interests 
of the school and lecturing and preaching, he 
was winning for himself a reputation .as an able 
educator and a man of great mental power. As a 
result in the fall of 1889. he was tendered the Super- 
intendency of the West Des Moines public schools, 
which he accepted, resigning the post of duty which 
he had so ably filled in AVestern College. The 
Tama Ilcmld, speaking of tlie loss sustained by his 
resignation, says: "Under his guiding hand the col- 
lege has gained a prosperity and usefulness far 
beyond that of other days. All this has not been 
accomplished without severe and protracted labor, 
the brunt of which f< II upon the broad shoulders 
of I'resident Beardshear. And now when Western 
College has passed the critical |)oint in its history, 
having reared palatial buildings, secured a line corps 
of instructors and a large attendance of pupils, and 
having thoroughly entrenched itself in the good 
will of all in this section of the State, it seems hard 
that the president to whom it owes so much should 
not remain with it and enjoy some of the sunshine 
of its prosperity." The duties of his new jjosition 
ai-c manifold and arduous, but wiih his high con- 
ception of what the schools should be and his de 
sire and aliility to bring them ui) to his standard, 
we may confidently cxi)cct that the West Des 
Moines schools will lead the first rank of city 
schools in a State in which for elllciency, the public 
school system leads the nation. 

Since he has become a resident of Iowa, Dr. 
Beardshear has taken a very active part in educa- 
tional Aork, having taught in County Institutes 
and lectured on educational subjects in Iowa and 
adjoining States. Soon after his graduation, he re- 
ceived the degree of A. M. from his Alma Alater, 

and in 1885 the honorary degree of D. D. was con- 
ferred upon him b^' the Lebanon Vallej' College of 
Pennsylvania. Socially he is a member of the 
Masonic fraternity and the (Jrand Army of the 

In March, 1873, Dr. Beai-dshear was united 
in marriage with Miss Josephine !Mundhcnk, a na- 
tive of Ohio and a .lunior of Otterbein LTnivcrsit}'. 
Her parents were born in the Buckeye State, but 
were of German descent. Four children have 
blessed this union — Hazel L., Gertrude M.. William 
M. and Charley. The Doctor and his wife are 
consistent members of the I'nited Brethren Church 
and hold as high rank in the social world, as he 
docs among the educators of the State. 


ILLIAM H. McHKNRY, An.. Attorney-at- 
>aw, has passed his entire life in Des 
Moines. Iowa. He was born in tills city 
on the 1st of January, 18G0, his parents being 
Judge William H. and Mar_v (Butterfield) McHenry, 
who are well known in Polk Count3', especially 
among its best citizens. On leaving the common 
schools our subject entered the Iowa Agricultural 
College at Ames, from which he graduate(i in the 
class of 1881 with the degree of B. S. To fur- 
ther fit himself for the legal profession, wliich 
he had determined to make his life work, he en- 
tered and graduated from the law department of 
Drake University- in the class of '83, with an L.L.B. 
degree. At the close of his course in that insti- 
tution, he established himself in practice in his 
native city and soon won a fair share of the legal 
business of the local courts. On the 1st of Janu- 
ary, 1887, he joined his father, who had recently 
retired from the bench, an<l connected with 
him in practice until November. 1889, when the 
partnership was dissolved and he has since piu'sued 
his profession alone. 

On the 9th of November, 1887. in Sioux City, 
Iowa, Mr. McIIenr^' was united in marriage with 
Miss L. A. Wright, a daughter of A. R. Wright. 
The laily born in the city where her wedding celebrated and was educated at the same col- 



lege and graduated in tliu same class witli her 
liusband. She is a most estimable hid^- and a con- 
sistent member of the Plymouth Congregational 
Church. >Ir. McHenr^- is a member of Capital 
Lodge, No. 110, A. F. it A. JL, and of Capital 
Lodge, No. 29, K. of P. Like his father he is a 
stanch Democrat in politics. lie inherited a posi- 
tive quality of Democracy which time has never 
lessened, but which age only strengthened. 

A iieculiar incident in the professional experi- 
ence of the McIIeurys occurred a fevv years since, 
when the father was on the bench. It so happened 
liiat in a certain case on trial before him, his eldest 
son appeared for the i)laintiff and the second son 
for the defendant, so that the trial, so far as court 
and council were concerned, was a family affair. 
The subject of this sketch, although comparativel}- 
a young man, has already won prominence at the 
bar and has shown marked ability in the line of his 

— •—5^5c^-~' — 

^AMES A. MERRITT, Attorney and Coun- 
selor-at-law, senior member of the firm of 
Merritt & Loutham, is engaged in the prac- 
''■^i^JJ ti'^c of his chosen profession in Des Moines, 
his oflice being situated in the building of tli(> Iowa 
Loan and Trust Companj\ He has been a resident 
of Iowa for the long period of thirty-five years 
and has made iiis home in Des Moines since May, 
1.S87. Me was born in Livingston County, N. Y., 
October 10, 1852, and is a son of James P.. and 
Laura C. (Wing) Merritt, the former a native of 
the State of New York, born on the banks of the 
Hudson River, the latter of Connecticut. In the 
si)ring of 18.')5, the family came to the new State 
of Iowa, and settled in Tama County. 

Our subject here received liberal educational 
advantaijcs. lie attended Orinnell College and the 
State Agricultural College of Ames, later was a 
student in the State University at Iowa City, and 
afti'rwards entered tiie Western College of Toledo, 
Iowa, from which institution he graduated in tiie 
class of 1886. It had been his wish to make the 
jcial profession his life work and in tiie meantime 
he had studied law under the prcce[itorshii) of 

Judge Struble of Toledo, ex-siieakcr of the Iowa 
House of Representatives, and also was a student 
in the oliice of Judge L. G. Kinne, of Toledo. 
He was admitted to the bar of Tama County, Iowa, 
in November, 1878, and the following year began 
practice in Toledo, where he won an excellent 
reputation and secured a liberal patronage, there 
continuing to make his home until May 4, 1887, 
when he came to Des Moines. Opening an oflice 
he began to iiractice on the 16th of that month 
and has carried on his labors continuously since. 
He makes a specialty of mercantile law and cases 
relating to real estate. 

A marriage ceremony performed in Marion, Linn 
County, Iowa, on the 9tli of August, 1882, united 
the destinies of James A. Merritt and Miss Ida 
L. MeClain, a daughter of James and Elizabeth 
McClain, of Linn County. Mrs. Merritt is a na- 
tive of Rock Island, 111. Their union has been 
graced with a family of three children, a son and 
two daughters, namely: Hazel Estella, who is now 
six yeais of age; Claude W. aged four; and Luetta 
May, a year old babe. 

Mr. Merritt is a Republican in politics and served 
as Cit3' Attorney of Toledo for a term of one year. 
Socially, he is a member of Pioneer Lodge, No. 
22, A. F. A' A. M., of Des Moines, having been a 
member of the Masonic fraternity' since 188ri. Al- 
though he been in Des Moines but a short time, 
Mr. Merritt has already succeeded in securing a fair 
legal business which is constantly increasing. He 
has recently formed a jiartnership with W. B. 
Loutham, who was his former i)artner while in 
Toledo, Ohio. Mr. Merritt possesses the ability of 
a first class lawyer and in the course of time will 
become a leader at the bar in the branch of the 
business which he makes a specially. 


«>HOMAS C. DAWSON, junior partner in 
y the (irni of Hume & Dawson, of Des Moines, 
is a native of Wisconsin, having been born 
in Hudson, tiiat State, on the 30th of July, 1865. 
The family is of Scotch descent and one of the 
first to settle in the Radgcr State, where its mem- 



bers became owners of valiiaUle land near Milwau- 
kee. The father of our subject, Allan Dawson, was 
a prominent attorney of the Badger State. He 
(lied while in the prime of life, Thomas C. being 
tiien but a child. His widow, in her maidenhood 
was Anna Cleland. a sister of the mother of Mr. 
Hume, an<l is now a resident of Elnterprise, Fla. 

Tlie subject of this sketch was reared to man- 
liooil in his native State and b3- nature and training 
was especially fitted for the |)roniinent position 
wliich he is rapidlj' gaining at the bar. He is a 
graduate of Hanover College, of Indiana, complet- 
ing the course in 1883. But not content witli end- 
ing his school life there, the same year he entered 
Harvard College and took a post graduate course 
at the famous seat of learning. His taste led him 
to select the legal profession as the one which he 
wished to make his life work and he began the study 
of law in Cincinnati. Ohio, in tlie office of Thornton 
ct Hinkle, graduating from tiu^ law scliool of that 
city in 1886. The same year he came to Des 
Moines and shortly a(terwar<l tiie partnership of 
Hume & Dawson was formed. Although both 
members of the firm .ire young, both in years and 
practice, the firm has been recognized as one of 
ability and thus far has secured a liberal patronage 
which is constantlj- increasing. 


* i -^-' 

\ dent of the Union Coal and Mining Com- 
^_^^' pan}- and JLayor of the city of Sevastopol, 
((^ is of (icrman birth. He was born in Hesse 
Cassell, Germany, on the 22d of December, 182<;, 
and is a son of John P. N. and Jeanuette (LeGoul- 
lon) Young. His father also a native of Hesse 
Casscl, and belonged to one of the old respected 
families of that country. His mother, however, 
was bom of French parentage. 

The subject of this sketch received his education 
in a high school of his native country and was after- 
wards employed as booU-keeeper until 1847, when 
he determined to seek his fortune in the New 
World. lie was then a young man of twenty 
years. Crossing the broad Atlantic he settled in 

Phillipsburg, Pa., but afterwards went to Pitts- 
burg, where he served an apprenticeship to the 
locksmith's trade. He was also married in that 
city, on the 23d of June, 1849, to Miss IMary 
Klepstein, who was born in Mulhausen, Thuiingia, 
Germany, and came to America in August, 1847, 
in company with her father, Samuel Klepstein and 
his family. Mr. and Mrs. Young were the parents 
of five children, three of whom are now living. 
Charles, the eldest, who was born March 31, 1850, 
died in infancy; Robert Kossuth, who was born 
August 18, 1851, married Miss Lena Cordari, 
August 18, 1878, and died on the first anniversary 
of his wedding; Kmilie, who was born M.ay 1, 
1854, is the wife of J. A. Lewis, who is engaged in 
the manufacture of artificial stone and resides in 
Des Moines; Ida, who was born August 13, 1857, 
is the wife of Frank X. Spitz, a cigar manufacturer 
of this city; Edward A., the only surviving son, 
married Miss Paulina Munzcnmaier and is a grocer 
of Sevastopol. 

Sf)on after his marriage Mr. Y'oung removed to 
Brownville, Pa., where he engaged in the manu- 
facture of soap and candles, continuing that busi- 
ness until March, 1857. when he came to Des 
Moines, and established a small soap and candle 
factory on West Sixteenth Street, the first factory 
in that line in the city. In 18GG he removed to 
the south side of the Coon River, where he followed 
the same pursuit until June. 1883. Prior to closing 
out his soap and candle business. Mr. Young aided 
in incorporating the I'nion Coal and Mining Com- 
pany, of which he was elected President and 
held that position continuous!}' since. The com- 
pan}- was incorporated Noveml)er 1, 1881, and F. 
W. Adlfinger was chosen secretary, a position he retained to the present. Tlie mine is situated 
in Sevastopol, a suburb of Des Jloines and turns 
out as fine coal as any in the State. One hiiiidivd 
and fifty men are employed by the company and 
the value of the annual output averages about 

Mr. Young is a Democrat in politics and has 
been chosen by his townsmen to many olliccs of 
public honor and trust. He has been constantly 
in oHicc ever since tiio city of Sevastopol in- 
corporatcil. For some time he served .as Recorder, 







was Alderman several years and has been Maj'or 
tlirce years in succession. He was appointed United 
States Ganger in the spring of 1887, and served 
until the oflice was abolished, being the last to fill 
the position in this district. He is a member of 
Capital City Lodge, No. 110, A. F. & A. M., and 
a charter member of Sevastopol Lodge, L O. O. F. 
He also belongs to the I)es Moines Turners society. 
He has been an Odd Fellow for thirty-five years, 
has filled all the chairs in the subordinate lodge 
and has represented his lodge in the (irand Lodge 
of the State. Mr. Young is highly esteemed for 
his sterling integrity and enleri)rise, and enjo3-s the 
confidence of his fellow citizens to the fullest ex- 
tent. He ivas the first of his father's family to 
come to America and as time rolls on his descend- 
ants may point with pride to the record of R. F. 
Young, the founder of tiicir family in America. 

: — i-x^?-« 

11 Sharpsburg, AVashington County, Md., April 

^^(' 1, 1829. and was the third son of Charles 
Nourse and Susan Cameron. Charles Nourse was 
born at Frankfort. Ky., April 15, 1801. His father, 
Gabriel Nourse was one of the earl}' settlers of 
Kentucky, but after the death of two of his broth- 
ers at the hands of the Indians he returned to Vif- 
ginia where his family was reared. Charles Nourse 
was a teacher bj- profession an i taught school for 
fifty successive years, first in Maryland and after- 
ward in Ohio, Kentucky and Iowa, lie died at 
Keynoldsliurg, Ohio, in January, 1880. The mother 
of Oiarlcs Clinton Nourse, Susan Cameron, died .at 
Shepherdstown, Va., in 1830. On the mother's side 
she was of the Clintons, and the name has been pre- 
served in the family in honor of the grandmother. 
The genealog}' of the Nourse family dates back to 
1520 to John Nourse, of Chilling I'lace, Oxford, 
England, and his wife IMiillii)a, daughter of Sir Ed- 
ward Terrill. The American branch of the Nourse 
family to which the subject of the present sketch 
belongs, descendeil from James Nourse and his 
wife Sarah Fouace. wIhj emigrated from London, 

England, in 1709, and settled at Piedmont, Jeffer- 
son County, Va. This worthy couple were the 
parents of twenty-one children, among them Gab- 
riel Nourse, the grandfather of the jjcrson of 
whom we write. 

The subject of this sketch. Charles Clinton 
Nourse, enjoyed the advantage of a good education, 
received chielly from his father's personal instruc- 
tion. He graduated in the Law Department of 
Transylvania University at Lexington, Ky., in 
1850. He came to Iowa in 1851 and commenced the 
practice of law at Keosauqua, Van Buren Count}-. 
He was married, in Lexington. Ky., in 1853 to Miss 
Rebecca McMeekin. In 1858 he removed to Des 
Moines, where he has ever since resided. He has 
been honored with various official positions, was 
elected Public Prosecutor for Van Buren County, 
in August, 1852; was Clerk of the Iowa House of 
Representatives in 1853-54, and in 1856-57 was 
Secretary of the Senate. He was elected Attorney 
General of Iowa in 1800 and re-elected in 1802. In 
1805 he was appointed Judge of the Fifth Judicial 
District of the State. After being on the bench six 
months he resigned and resumed his practice, which 
he has since pursued with marked success. Judge 
Nourse took an active itart in the organization of 
the Re|)ublican partj' in the State in 1850, and has 
been a stanch sujjporterof the principles advocated 
by it continuously to the present. He also been 
an active and earnest advocate of the cause of tem- 
perance and legal prohibition. 

Clinton C. is the only child of Judge and Mrs. 
Nourse. He was born at Des Moines, Iowa,in 1804, 
was educated at Callanan College and the State 
Agricultural College of Iowa. He married Miss Elte- 
abetli Ik'hring, of Ft. Dodge, in June, 188!), and is 
an architect by profession, now in business at Des 
Moines. Judge Nourse and his wife arc membci's of 
the Methodist Ei)iscopal Church, having belonged to 
the same since their early youth. Among the most 
worthy and highly respected citizens of Polk 
Count}', no one stands higher or is entitled to 
greater regard for purity of character, high order 
of legal talent and the substantial (jualities of an 
able and u|)riglit man than the .Judge. In 1H70 he 
was selected by the (idvenior of low.i to <leliver 
the Ceutcnni.'il address at Philadelphia in bclinlf 



of the Slati'. This address is a condensed history of 
the State of Iowa, its early settlenienl, topography, 
resources, progress, politics and educational facili- 
ties. The State published twenty thousand copies of 
itfor general circulation. In 1877 Simpson Centen- 
ary College conferred on the .Indge the degree of 
Doctor of Laws. For thirty-nine years he has been 
identified with the bar of Iowa, and has been more 
or less prominently connected with public affaiis in 
oflicial and professional duties during that entire 
period. He has always proved himself capable and 
reliable in all he has undertaken, a faithful public 
officer, and a citizen of whom his townsmen speak 
only with pride. 


^f LVAN A. HASKINS, one of the leading 
W/Ljv. young attorneys of Des Moines, Iowa, was 
born in Chicago, 111., October U, 1863, and 
is descended from old New Engl.and fam- 
ilies. His father, Norman Haskins, was a native of 
New York, where for generations pnst his ancestors 
lived. He married Miss Julia K. Abel, who was 
born in Saybrook, Ohio, but comes of a New Eng- 
land family, her ancestors having settled in Massa- 

In 1870, the family came to Iowa, settling near 
Atlanlic, vvlience they removed to Des Moines in 
1872. Mr. Haskins received his primary education, 
in the public schools, which was supplemented by 
a course in Drake I'liiversity in this city; he was 
graduated from the classical course in 1884, and 
from the law (lei)artment in 1885. He entered u|ion 
his practice in company with (len. A. J. ISaker and 
Judo'e C. A. IJishoi) under the liiin name of Baker, 
Bishop & Haskins, which connection continued un- 
til November 1, 1887, when Judge P.ishop retired, 
tlie lirm becoming Baker & Haskins. Those two 
gentk^man cO))tinue(l partnership until October 1, 
1889, when the connection was dissolved, since 
which lime Mr. Haskins has been alone in |)raeticc. 
In politics he is a Rei)ul)lican. but never taken 
an active part in political affairs or sought public 
office. He resides in West University Place with 
his parents, the family there having a pleasant 

home. He is a rising young lawyer who possesses 
great legal talent and studious habits, which will in 
time win him a foremost place in his chosen pro- 
fession. His colleagues acknowledge his ability, 
and his friends have just reason to be proud of the 
position which he already occupies. ; 


ERMAN D. RE1^^■E is the senior member 
IJ of tlie firm of Reeve & Gaston, Government 
Claim Attorneys, whose office is situated at 
No. 616 West Locust Street, Des Moines, 
lie is a Hawkeye by birth, having first opened iiis 
eyes to the light of day in Franklin Count3% Iowa, 
March 25, 1857. His parents, James B. and Ade- 
line (Riggs) Reeve, left their home in Rome, Ash- 
tabula County, Ohio, and by team made the journey 
to Franklin County, in 1852, while yet the coun 
try was wild and unsettled. Mr. Reeve helped to 
organize the county, and was elected its first judge, 
the balloting taking place in his old log house. He 
was a farmer by ocoujjation, a Republican in [loli- 
tics, and a patriotic citizen. On the Gth of August, 
1862, he was coramlssiofned Captain of Company H, 
Thirty-second Iowa Infantry, and was in active 
service until his death, which occurred in Ft. Pil- 
low, Tenn., January' 24, 1863. He had two brothers 
and three sons in the army, and the brothers and 
one son dieil in the service. The son was a prisoner 
and died at Andcrsonville from the effects of the 
hardships and confinement of prison life. Mrs. 
Reeve survives her husband, and still resides on the 
old homestead in Franklin County. Their family- 
numbered ten children. si.\ sons and four daughters. 
The original American ancestor of Mr. Reeve was 
a Frenchman by birth, who accompanied LaFayette 
to America, serving with him until after the close 
of the Revolutionary War, when he resolved to 
make his future home in this country, and settled 
in New England. The spelling of his name 
Revee, but it has since been changed to its present 

Herman B. R;eve, whose name heads this notice, 
passed his early life in much the usual manner of 
farmer lads, and in the district schools received his 



(iiimarv ciliioiition. He afterw.ivds. however, be- 
came a student in the loiva Agricultural College of 
Ames, and was graduated in the Class of '82, in the 
law de[)artnient of the State riiiversity. and subse- 
qucntl}- took a post graduate course in the Isalional 
University- at Washington. D. C. graduating from 
that school in the Class of '84. He began business 
in the Government service as special examiner of 
the Pension Oflice, which position he held from 
1882 until 1885, when he came to Des Moines, and 
formed the existing partnership with INIr. Gaston. 
The firm of Reeve & Gaston has an extensive prac- 
tice, and makes a si)t,?ialty of Government claim 
business, having a branch oltiee in Milwaukee, Wis., 
and another in Washington, D. C. 

On the 3d of November, 1887, in Des Moines, 
Iowa, Mr. Reeve was joined in wedlock with Miss 
Hattie B. St. John, a daughter of Carlisle St. John. 
She was born in this city, and is a member of the 
-Sixth Presbyterian Church. Her family were among 
the early settlers of Polk County. The union of 
Mr. and Mrs. Reeve has been blessed with one son, 
Herman D.. who born in Des Moines, October 
21, 1888. In politics, JNIr. Reeve is & Republican, 
and is a member of the town council of University 
Place. Socially, he belongs to the Orders of Red 
Men, Good Temi)lars, and Sons of Veterans. He 
is a worthy and valuable citizen, honored by all 
who know him. 

(@^J]| Polk County, and a leading citizen of 
DesMoines, was born in Auburn, De Kalb 
County, Ind., on the 24th of August, 
18;j0, and is a son of Isaac and Harriet (Wiscley) 
Brandt, He came to Des Moines with his parents 
in April, 1858. His early education was received 
in tiie public schools of that place, but later he 
entered Monmouth College, of Monmouth, HI., 
from which he was graduated in the class of 1871. 
He also pursued a course in Grinnell College, at 
Grinnell, Iowa, 

On the 8th of May, 1872, .Mr. Brandt mar- 
ried, near Soraonauk, HI., to Miss Mattie L. Mof- 

fett. daughter of John and Lettie M. MolTett, and 
a native of Bloomington, Ind., born] March 25, 
1852. Six children graced their union, of whom 
four are now living — Guy M., Lettie H., Anna M. 
and Ruth, Isaac W. died at the age of four and 
a half years, and another child died in infancy. 

IMr. Brandt entered upon the study of law in the 
oflice of Conrad A Phillips, where he remained two 
years, when he entered the Iowa Law School, a 
branch of Simpson Centenary College, at Indianola, 
and was admitted to the bar in June, 1880. While 
pursuing his law studies he engaged in teaching for 
ten months. Previous'to that time he had followed 
farming, in Valley Townshi|), continuing the same 
till December 14, 1877, when he removed to the 
city of Des Moines. In the fall of 1880 he was 
elected Justice of the Peace for Lee Township, but 
after one year's service resigned. In January, 
1882, he was appointed United States Store Keeper, 
and served until November 27, the same year, when 
he was appointed United States Ganger, and con- 
tinued to hold that office until Decem))er, 1885. In 
the meantime he was off duty, in the spring of 
1885, and organized the Black Diamond Coal Min- 
ing Company, in connection with J. and G. E. 
Walters, and has maintained his connection with 
the company since. In the fall of 1887 Mr. Brandt 
was elected Auditor of Polk County, and re-elected 
in 1889, running two hundred ahead of his ticket. 
He is an earnest Republican in politics, and has 
done good service in support of his party. Both 
Mr. Brandt and his wife are members of the United 
Presbyterian Church. He. has served six years as 
Superintendent of the Sabbath-school, and has been 
otherwise active and intluential in church work. 

The history of Mr. Brandt's early life, and his 
efforts to obtain an education, is interesting. He 
attended the first regular i)ublic school of Des- 
Moines, and carried brick to be used in the con- 
struction of the first public school building. His 
first business venture was as a dealer in pop corn, 
with the proceeds of which he bought a ()ig. Av'^hen 
the pig was nearly' grown it was stolen from the 
pen by some soldiers who were camijing in Des- 
Moines. A iK^ighbor kindly made him a present "I" 

two small hogs in plice of tlu e he lost, and he 

made such progi-ess in stot'k growing that when he 



left school forcollcj^e he placed in care of liis father 
stock to the value of ^iSO. Between the ages of 
eleven and nineteen years he was janitor of the 
Good Templars' Hall, and received therefrom an 
income of from ^1 to 4i2.25 per week. He furuisiied 
his own clothes and paid his own way, except board 
for that time. After his marrias^e he successfully 
conducted a farm for awhile, but at length lost 
heavily through extensive speculations in stock 
when prices were on the decline. He has been a 
very active worker in the cause of temperance, 
having joined the Good Templars' order at the 
age of twelve years, since which time he has faith- 
fully kept the pledge. He has made a very efH- 
cient and popular county officer, and won the high 
regard of all. lie is a candid, genial gentleman, 
always willing and ready to do his duty, and ever 
courteous and obliging. His personal popularity- 
was evinced in his recent election when he received 
such a large majority. 

Mr. Brandt's eldest son. Guy M., who is now 
sixteen years of age, graduated from the Des- 
Moines High School, and .it present is a freshman 
in Monmouth College, where he is inirsuing a 
classical course. He has the distinction at this 
time of being the only student of that institution 
who is a son of a graduate of the college. He is a 
member of the Good Templars' Society, and is a 
young man of much promise and ability. 


^S LEXANDER SCOTT deserves special men- 
m/UW tion in this volume, as he was prominently 
connected with the early history of I)es- 
Moines. He was a brother of James L. 
Scott, of this cily. in whose sketch, found elsewhere 
in this work, are given facts relating to the family 
of our subject. Alexander Scott was born in 
Crawford County, Ind., December 18, 1818, and 
when the garrison was established at Ft. Des Moines 
he came to Polk County, being under contract to 
furnish the garrison with provisions. He remained 
at the fort for three years, and, when the Indians 
were removed, accompanied them to Kansas in the 
cai)acity of an Indian trader. When the land of 

Polk County came into the market he returned, 
and entered about five hundred acres on the cast 
side of the river, including all uf what now con- 
stitutes East l)cs Moines, and in consequence the 
site of the present capitol, which he afterward pre- 
sented to the State. 

Alexander ScoU was a man of large heart, and of 
liberal and generous impulses. He resided for many 
years on the laud he had chosen for his home, and 
aided greatly in laying the foundation of the pres- 
ent beautiful ai?d pros|ierous city of Des Moines by 
his enterprise and liberal gifts of time and money 
for its upbuilding. He constructed the lirst bridge 
across the river at this place, and refused his influ- 
ence and liberal support to no interest that tended 
to promote the growth of the young town. The land 
that he had entered increased in value, and he be- 
came comparatively wealthy, and as his financial 
resources increased, his spirit of generositj* and lib- 
erality also seemed to be enlarged. He was gen- 
erous almost to a fault. He could not sa^' no to an 
appeal for financial aid. and advant.age was taken 
of his kindness by unprincipled men. He endorsed 
heavily and was compelled to meet the obligations 
of those who had sought his assistance and whom 
he had befriended, and soon bis earthly possessions 
were swept away. In 1859, when the excitement 
attending the discovery of gold at Pike's Peak was 
at its height, Mr. Scott joined a party of adventur- 
ers and started for that region, but he did not 
reach his destination, death ending his unfortunate 
career in camp near Ft. Kearney. Once, while 
strolling over what is now Capitol Hill with his 
brother, James L. Scott, and admiring its surround- 
ings and the beautiful view obtained from that 
location, he exi)rcsscd to his brother a desire that 
his last resting ))lace might be there. In accord- 
ance with that wish the brother proceeded to 
F"t. Kearney when he heard of the death of Mr. 
Scott, brought back the remains and buried them 
on the spot which he had chosen as bis sepulcher. 
He loft a wife, but no children. His widow after- 
ward went to California, where she died uome years 


Alexjinder Scott lies buried on Capitol Hill, only 
a few rods from the m.agniliccnt Iowa State House, 
of which all citizens of Iowa are so justly proud, 





but lie who once possessed tliose beauliful grounds, 
and by whose generositj- tliey were conveyed to 
the State, lies in a neglected grave with no stone to 
indicate where he lii-s. Jlay it not be long ere a 
fitting memorial shall mark the last resting place of 
this most worthy man. 

<;i?OnN .1. WILLIAMS, one of the early set- 
tlers of Des Moines and a proiniuent real- 
estate dealer of that city, traces his ancestry 
baciv to the days when his great-grandfather, 
a Welshman by birth, emigrated to the North of 
Ireland, where he married and reared a family of 
children, to one of whom was given the name ot 
Josei)li. When the lad had grown to mature 
years he was married, and in 1808 sailed witli his 
family to America, locating in Pennsylvania. When 
the War of 1812 broke out, he espoused the cause 
of his adopted country and served in that struggle. 
About 1820 he removed to Ohio, where he lived 
many years, and died at the age of eighty-one 

Alexander Williams, the father of our subject, 
was born on the ICmerald Isle, July 3, 1806. His 
mother died when he was about twelve years of 
age, but his father was again married, and his sec- 
ond wife proved a true mother to the young lad. 
Alexander remained at home until twenty-three 
years of age, when he left the parental roof to 
leain the trade ot a millwright. In 1832 he i)ur- 
chased a small mill in Jeflferson County, Ohio, but 
after six 3-ears sold out and removed to Gallia 
County, where he was extensively engaged in the 
mill business for some seventeen 3'ears, in connec 
tion with the operation of a farm. In 18.t6 he made 
a tour through Northern IMissouri and Southern 
Iowa, and being pleased with the location of Des 
Moines and its future prospects, he invested in real 
estate, and then returned to Ohio. In 1859 he 
again came to this city and purchased the water 
power and a dilapidated mill. With the aid of our 
subject, he rebuilt most of the dam across the Des 
Moines River and erected a flouring-mill at the 
corner of First and Center Streets, in West Des 

Moines, which they successfully operated until 
1873, when Mr. Williams retired from business. 
In jiolitical sentiment he was u Whig until the rise 
of the Ro|)ublicaii party, when Iw. espoused its 
[)rinciples, remaining one of its strongest ailvocates 
until his death. 

In .lefferson County, Ohio, Alexander Williams 
wedded Mary Jackson, who was born in that 
county, December 17, 1805, of Irish and Scotch 
descent. She was a consistent member of the Pres- 
byterian C'hureh and died in full fellowship with 
that denomination, January 13, 1862. Mr. Will- 
iams survived a number of years, departing this 
life. May 20, 1878. 

John J. Williams was the only child of his [lar- 
ents. He was born near SmiLliticld, in Jefferson 
County, Ohio, JMay 14, 1834, and during his l)oy- 
hood days, when not in school, he assisted his 
father on the farm or in the carding and (lour- 
mill, where he learned his business. His educational 
advantages were liberal. He pursued an academic 
course for two years aft'jr leaving the common 
schools, and subsequently read law for two years, 
being graduated from the Cincinnati Law School 
in the siiring of 1860. lie became associated in 
business with his father soon afterward, the part- 
nership continuing until Mr. Williams, Sr., retired. 

On the 25th of September, 1860, in Galliopolis, 
Ohio, John J. Williams led to the marriage altar 
JMiss Cornelia M. Gating, who was born June 18, 
1842, in (Jallia County, of Irish and Scotch par- 
entage, being a daughter of John and Isabella 
(Rogers) Gating. Her father was an energetic and 
prospi^rous farmer, and one who took an active 
part in local affairs. To Mr. and Mi's. Williams 
have been born nine children — Mary I>., .I<;nnie 
C, Cornelia 1\I., IMinnelte, Gertrude (who died in 
infancy), Ida L., Alice W., John A. (who died in 
infan(^y) and Alexander. The mother is a member 
of the Presbyterian Church and a znost estimable 

Mr. >Villiams has made Des Moines his home for 
twenty-nine years, and has watched its growth 
from a town of four thousand to a city containing 
a ])0])ulation of sixty thousanil. With the growth 
of the city his financial interests have also grown. 
He is largely interested in real estate, both in and 



near Dcs Moines, and handles none save his own 
property. He lias been proininentl_v identified witli 
the progress of tlie city, lias aided in its upliuild- 
ing, and three times lias servijd as Alderman. Po- 
litically, he is an outspoken Republican. A portrait 
of Mr. Williams will be found on another page. 

~,»> .o♦o••^y^«A^..o♦o•. *r~- 

Vtp^UhiTACE J. CO()PKU,a real-estate and gen- 
||U] eral insurance agent of Des Moines, is one 
JL^ of the leading citizens of Polk County, and 
by the most prominent men of tiie community is 
recognized as an important factor in business circles. 

Robert M. Cooper, the father of our subject, was 
a native of England and on reaching manhood 
enlisted in Her Majesty's service, in which he 
rose to the rank of colonel. As he was not in ac- 
tive duty during all of the time, he studied and 
engaged in the practice of law with good success. 
He married Miss Sarah P. Giles, a native of Tivcs- 
took, England, and resided in London until 1835, 
when they bade good-by to their old home and 
sailed for America with the intention of making 
their home in this country. They landed at Que- 
bec, and while en route for Boston the birth of our 
subject occurred at Chamltly, in the Province of 
Quebec, Canada, on the 8th of April, 1835. Thoy 
at length arrived in Boston and made their home in 
a house on Milk Street where Benjamin Franklin 
was born. Thej' also lived for a time in the Prov- 
ince House, where occurred many events of historic 
importance. The father died while on a visit to 
England in 1839. He was a brother of William 
Cooi)er, who acted as tutor for Charles Dickens. 
The motlicr of our subject long survived her hus- 
band, and died at the ripe old age of eighty-five 
years. In their family were eleven children, six 
sons and five daugliters, but only three are now liv- 
ing: Robert, who is a prominent business man of 
Boston; Clara E. and Eustace J. 

Our subject acquired his education in the city 
schools of Boston and in the Greenwood Academy. 
According to the English custom, during his vaca- 
tions he learned the trade of manufacturing trunks 
and valines, lie embarked upon his business career 

in 1850 as an office boy in the banking house of M. 
Bolles ife Co., which firm still exists, and rose to be 
chief clerk, wliich position lie retained until he sev- 
ered his connection with the firm in 1800, to engage 
in other pursuits. He belonged to the rifle corps, 
and during the Civil A\'ar several times enlisted in 
the army, but his employers each lime hired a sub- 
stitute rather than lose so valuable a clerk. He 
repaid their kindness in later years, however. It 
will be remembered that on the 17tli of March, 
1873, one Spencer S. Pettis forged a check of 
$10,000 on M. Bolles <fe Co., Boston, and that an 
amateur detective after working carefully for two 
years succeeded in getting into the inner circle of 
tiie ring and exposing one of the most gigantic 
counterfeiting schemes this countr}' has ever known. 
The man entitled to the honor of that discovery 
was Eustace J. Cooper. So successful was he that 
he not only restored the §10,000 to the banking 
house, but also succeeded in sending Pettis and four 
of his accomplices to the penitentiary. 

On the 15tli of September, 1860, Mr. Cooper 
was united in n.arriage with Miss Mary P. At- 
kins, a native of Prattville, Mass.. a suburb of 
Boston, and a sister of Charles H. Atkins, a promi- 
nent contractor of Ues Moines. Unto them were 
born fonr children, namely: Mrs. Anna Guernsey; 
E. Bolles; (iertrude C, who died in infancy, -and 
Grace A. 

In 1866 Mr. Cooper removed to Mineral Point, 
AVis., to accept the position of superintendent an<l 
director of the Mineral Point Mining Company, 
which he acceptably filled for ten and a half years. 
During that time he served four years as Mayor of 
the town and won man}' warm friends whose high 
regard he will ever retain. In 1876 he became 
general traveling .agent for the Cedar Rapids & 
Northwestern Com[)any, with headquar- 
ters at Cedar Rapids, and devoted his attention to 
that business until 1880, when he came to Dcs 
IMoines, since which time he has given the greater 
part of liis attention to the real-estate business. He 
has lent a helping hand toward the upbuilding and 
improvement of this citj- and is recognized by all 
as a progressive and public-spirited man, whom 
Des Moines could ill afford to lose. He is largely 
interested in the following coal companies, tlio 



Iowa Fuel Company and llu' Star Coal Mining Com- 
pan}-, of ^botli of. which he is now I'residenl, and is 
reeeivei- for the II. R. (,'reigliton estate. lie has 
been a Republican since the organization of that 
party, and is connected with four social orders, be- 
ing a Knight Terajjlar JIason, a member of the 
Ancient Order [^of United Workman, lA^gion of 
Honor and U. A.'.O- ^^ ■ il" also holds member- 
ship in the Baptist Church, and his wife is a com- 
municant of the Congregational Church. ISIr. 
Cooper has secured a goodly share of this world's 
goods as the result of- his own efforts. As a luisi- 
ness man he is enterprising, sagacious and far- 
sighted and in all his dealings he is upright and 
honoralile, thus winning the confidence and respect 
of those with whom he has come in contact. 



)V of Ihejeading homeopathic physicians and 
(sj^^ surgeons of Iowa, has passed his entire 
^'^ professional career in Des Moines, where 

ho located in October, 1879. His paternal grand- 
father was descended from one of the early New 
England families, and was a soldier of the Revolu- 
tionary War. He fought at the battle of .Bunker 
Ilill, and is said to have been one of those who 
bore the body of the lamented Warren from that 
bloody field. 

The father of the. Doctor is the Rev. S. W. Eaton, 
D. D., a Congregational minister, who was born ia 
Boston, Mass., December 25, 1820. lie graduated 
from Yale College, and studied theology in And- 
over and at Union Seminary, New York. Leaving 
the East he emigrated to L.'iiicastcr, Wis., in 1846, 
settling in that State two years before its admission 
into the Union. The following year he returned 
to New York, and was united in marriage with 
Miss Catherine Demorest, a native of Brooklyn, 
born of Frencli Hugenot ancestry. With his young 
bride he then went to Lancaster, where for the 
long perioil of forty years he liad charge of the 
Congregational Church. He was one of the pio- 
neer preachers of that denomination in Wisconsin, 
and to him in a great measure is due the [)nisperity 

of the church in that State. The high estimation 
in which he was held by the congregation in' Lan- 
caster, is evinced by his long-continued service 
which was broken by onl^' one interruption, and 
that of his own making. Feeling that his countrj' 
nce<led his services during the. late war, he became 
Chaplain of the Sevcnth^Wisconsin Infantry. That 
regiment formed a part of the famous Iron Brigade, 
and as his regiment was the only one in which there 
was a chai)lain, he virtually held that position for 
the brigade until the close of the war. The church 
which he left when he entered the service would 
not fill his place in his absence, and so as soon as 
the country no. longer needed his services, he re- 
turned to his old charge, continuing the faithful 
and beloved pastor until age, "with its attendant 
inlirmities, induced him to accept a position where 
the duties'were less arduous. So, bidding good- 
bye to his many, many friends in Lancaster, he ac- 
cepted the^pastorate of a smaller church in Roscoe, 
111., of which he still has charge. 

The Rev. Mr. Eaton was the father of four sons, 
who have followed hisvvise and loving counsel, and 
are filling useful and honorable positions in life. The 
eldest, the Rev. -lames D. Eaton, is a missionary in 
Chihuahua, Mexico. The Rev. Edward D. Eaton, 
D. D., is the able and popular President of Beloit 
College, Wisconsin; having succeeded A. L. Chapin, 
D. D., to that position. He was graduated from that 
institution in the class of 1872, after which lie 
studied theology and engaged in pastoral work 
until becoming President of the college; Dr. Sam- 
uel L. Eaton, "the liiird son, is practicing'medicinc 
in Newton Highlands, a subiirli of Boston, ;\Iass. ; 
while Dr. Charles W. completes tlie family. 

Our subject received his literary, education in 
the scIkxjIs of Ij.niicaster, Wis.,'aiid. tiien began fit- 
ting himself for the medical profession. In 1875 
he atlended'a course of lectures in the Hahnemann 
Medical College of Chicago, after which he [lur- 
sued his studies in the Homeopathic Medical Col- 
lege of New York, but in 1878, returne<i to Hahne- 
mann College, from wiiich he was graduated the 
following year. He soon afterward located in Des 
IMoines. where he lias since pursued his profession 
witli excellent success. Althnugh still a yiiung 
man, his career has Iteen'a [irosperous one, and it is 



no exaggeratiun lo say that he stands at the head of 
iiis profession. The success to wliich he has at- 
tained is due to his untiring industry and his devo- 
tion to the life worli which he lias chosen. That the 
pulilie lias a just appreciation of iiis professional 
skill is indicated by his large and growing practice, 
and the prominent place accorded to him by bis 
professional brethren. He has made a number of 
valuable contributions to medical science, and is 
the author of a work. iHiblished in 188 1. entitled 
'•Things Young Men Should Know." which abounds 
in good advice and valulile instruction to youth. 
As a citizen the Doctor is progressive and public- 
spirited, and socially is popular and entertaining. 

/AMKS HALL, a retired carpenter and 
builder of Des Moines, is one of the oldest 
citizens of Polk County. He was born in 
Chester County, Pa., on the 9th of January, 
1817, and is a son of Aaron and Hannah (Hunt) 
Hall. The mother was a daughter of Joseph Hunt, 
who served as a regular soldier during the Revolu- 
tionary War. At Camden he was taken prisoner, 
stripped of his clothing, and with eight others 
placed in the hold of a vessel, and before they 
were released live of the number had died. Mr. 
Hunt, however, lived to reach the barraOks. 

Aaron Hall, the father of our subject, was a 
native of Pennsylvania, and liis wife of Maryland. 
He was a uiillwriglit and wagon-maker by trade, 
and followed these two lines of work throughout 
his entire life. In manner he was rather quiet and 
reserved than otherwise, but his upright life won 
him the confidence and resjject of all. He removed 
with his family to Ohio in 1817, and after a resi 
<lence in the Buckeye State of thirty years emi- 
grated, in 1848, to Schuyler County, 111., where he 
passed to his last rest. The death of his wife occurred 
there in 1850. Their family numbered eight chil- 
dren, but oidy two are now living — James, of this 
sketch; and Joseph, a resident of California. 

The early boyhood days of our subject were 
passeil ill W.-ishinglon County, Ohio, on a farm, 
anil in the district schools of the neighborhood he 

acquired his education. With his father he went 
to Belmont County, Ohio, when nine years old. 
In the year 1833 we find him in Marietta, Ohio, 
employed in a carriage and wagon shop, his wages 
being $1 per day. The following year the factory 
burned down, and in tlie lire his clothing and all 
of his tools were burned. With a fellow work- 
man he then learned the cari)enter's trade, after 
which he entered the employ of Daniels & Null. 
Ijut the lirm dissolved partnershij) and he remained 
with JNIr. Null, continuing in his employ for two 
years, when that gentleman fell from a building 
and was killed. Again thrown out of employment, 
Mr. Hall at length found work with a Mr. Jarvis, 
who was engaged in the construction of a horse 
power threshing machine. 

About this time Mr. Hall was married. On the 
20th uf December, 1840, he was joined in wed- 
lock with Miss Maria Burlingame, a native of 
Massachusetts and a daughter of James and Nancy 
Burlingame, who were also born in the Bay State. 
Removing to Ohio when their daughter was a 
3'oung lady, they settled in Marietta. Here Mr. 
and Mrs. Hall continued to make their home until 
1844, when they removed to Findley, Hancock 
County, Ohio, where Mr. Hall worked at the mill- 
wright's trade until 1848. In the fall of that year 
he emigrated to Farmington, Iowa. 

Since May, 1849, Mr. Hall has been a resident of 
Des Moines. After many days of travel, on the 
10th of that month, lie reached a little hamlet com- 
posed of a few scattered log cabins along the river, 
and a military garrison. The place was called Ft. 
Des Moines, and at that time gave little [)roniiseof 
the present adv.anced position which it occu(iics. 
Not long afterward, however, emigration rapidly 
increased, and our subject found anii)le opportunity 
for displaying his skill as a carpenter. Being an 
excellent workman, his services were greatly in 
demand, and in connection with that business he 
also worked at his trade of a millwright. Few have 
aided more in the upbuilding of the cajjital city 
or have been more prominently identified with its 
development. Many (if the important business 
houses and residences have been erected under his 
care and supervision, and stand as monuments of 
his industry and skill. Among these was the First 


Presbyterian Church in the city. Industrious and 
energetic bj- nature, he gave his entire attention to 
bis business, and thereby has accumulated a liand- 
some competence, whicii enables him now to lay 
aside all business caj-es and s|)end his declining 
years in retirement. 

But one child l)orn to Mr. and Mrs. Ilall, a 
daughter, Nauc}', who was born in this city and is 
now the wife of Charles .1. Hammer, one of the 
well-to-do citizens of Dos JNIoincs. The wife and 
mother was called to lier linal rest on the 4th of 
February, 1885. An estimable lady, her loss was 
deeply felt outside of her immediate family, for 
wide was her circle of friends and acquaintances. 

Mr. Hall is recognized as one of the representa- 
tive citizens of Des Moines, and certainly no one 
deserves more credit for the progress made by the 
city tlian he. He has not only been a. witness of 
its wonderful growth, but has also been an active 
l)articipant in its development. He is one of the 
tiie few survivors of the first brass band of Des 
Moines. In politics, he is liberal in views, support- 
ing the man and principles rather than tiie party. 

^ €-*-! 

l^^ President of the College of Letters and 
^M)JI Science, of Drake Cniversity, was born in 
^is=^ Athens, Menard County. III., September 5, 
1860, and is the onlj' child of Ezra and Melinda 
(Hall) Aylcsworth. He traces his ancestry back 
to a remote period. In Oliver Cromwell's .armj' 
served five brothers, who at the restoration emi- 
grated to America. From them +ias sprung a num- 
erous posterity, some retaining the original spelling 
of the name, Aylcsworth, while others have changed 
it to Ellsworth. 

The grandfather of orr subject, Hiram Aylcs- 
worth, a native of New York, became one of the 
jiioneer settlers of Trumbull County, Ohio, and 
amid the privations and disadvantages incident to 
life in a new country, reared a family of four sons. 
One of that number, Ezra, inherited the martial 
spirit of his English ancestors. In the eaily d:i\s 
of his manhood, he emigr.vted to Menard Countv. 

111., where he became acquainted with, and married 
Miss Hall, a native of that Slate, and granddaugh- 
ter of Thomas Hall, an estimable Virginian, of 
French Huguenot and (lerman descent. Her par- 
ents. Fleming and Susan (Tice) Hall, removed 
to Illinois just before '-the winter of the deep 
snow." The father is still living at the very .ad- 
vanced age of ninet3'-five 3'ears, and retains his 
mental and i)hysieal powers to a remarkable degree. 
He m.ay well be proud of the famih- whicli he has 
reared, three sons especially being deserving of men- 
tion: Clay born is an eminent minister of the Chris- 
tian Church; .Toel, a well-known druggist, was 
reporter for the Smithsonian Institute on Western 
Meteorology; Elihu gained a world-wide reputation 
as a botanist. Without text book he began the 
study amid the luxuriant flora of Illinois, and so 
ardently did he devOte himself to the subject as 
found in n.ature, that he was called "the Thoreau of 
the West." He soon took rank among the first 
botanists of the Utited States, and among his 
friends and correspondents was numbered the 
noted Asa Gray. At his death his v.ast herbarium 
became the legacy of the State. He also achieved 
distinction in the sciences, entomology and con- 
chology. His death w;is brought on by exposure 
in the ardent pursuit of the subject to which he was 
so closely wedded. 

After locating in Illinois, Ezra Aylcsworth fol- 
lowed farming until the breaking out of the war, 
when, feeling that his country needed his services, 
he bade good-by to his young wife and infiint son, 
and offered his services to the Government. Act- 
ing as captain, ho was killed while leading his com- 
pany at the battle of Chick.amaugua. His widow 
survived him eleven years. 

Being left an orphan (his f.ather dying when he 
was three years old, and his mother during his four- 
teenth year). Prof. Aylcsworth went to live with 
an uncle, who became his guardian, and took an 
active interest in his education. In 1879, he was 
graduate<l from Eureka College, of Eureka, III., 
with the degree of A. B., and afterward took a post 
graduate course in Betliany College in Mrginia, 
receiving the degree of A. M. in 1880. The fol- 
lowing year the same degree conferred u|ion 
him l)y his Alma Mater. I'pon lea\ing IJctlianv, 



he aoceptprl a call as pastor of the Christian Church 
ill Peoria, III., wliere he did iioble work, biiikling 
up the congregation and paying off its indebted- 
ness. In the summer of 1H81, he pursued a course 
in the Concord School of Philosophj-. where he was 
enriched by contact with sucli m-ster minds as 
William T. Harris. A. 15. Alcott. Dr. C. A. Bartol, 
.Julia Ward Howe, and others scarcely less distin- 
guished. Returning to Illinoiji, he took charge of 
the church in Atlantic, w^hich under his ministry 
had a healthful growth. While in that city, he was 
united in marriage with Jliss Georgia ^I. Shores, 
and unto them has been born a son. Merlin H. Af- 
ter a pastorate of two years in Atlantic. Prof. Ayles- rt^moved to his farm for improvement and 
for (juiet study. In the spring of 1884, he accepted 
a call from the church in Aliingdon, 111., where iie 
remained until the fall of 188;'). when he became 
pastor of the Church of Christ, of Cedar Rapids. 
Iowa. That congregation was young and full of 
vitality, and during the four years he labored with 
them, the numerical strength was more than doubled. 
That is now the Banner Missionary Church of the 
Brotherhood in Iowa. Wliile in Cedar Ra|)ids, he 
found diversion in leading a philosophy club com- 
posed of the best thinkers of the cit}-, professors, 
doctors, lawyers, and others, and in editing tiie 
Book Slwlf, a monthly devoted to reviews of books 
and literary productions iu general. 

In 1889, Prof. Aylesworth, quite unexpectedly 
to himself, was called to his present position as 
President of the College of Letters and Science and 
Professor of Mental and Moral .Science. He is mak- 
ing a special effort to broaden the work in litera- 
ture and philosophj-, and his work thus far has given 
excellent satisf.action. He has perhaps the must ex- 
tensive private library in the city, containing over 
fifteen hundred volumes. Sociallj', he is a Knight 
Templar IMason, and while in College was a mem- 
ber of the Phi Kai)pa Psi fraternity. In his politi- 
cal views, he is broad and liberal, though thoroughlj' 
in sympathy with the principles of prohibition. 
The faculty of Drake I'niversity is composed of 
some of the best educators of the country, not tlie 
least of whom is Prof. Aylesworth. He has achieved 
grand success for one so young. Ripe in scholar- 
shii), he is also an accomplished speaker, but his 

oriatorial powers were acquired. Until his second 
j-ear in college he was seldom called upon to recite 
in public because of an impediment in his speech, 
but bj- constant care and practice, he developed a 
rich, clear, full tenor voice. We close this brief 
sketch without eulogv, knowing that the high po- 
sition which President Ayleswortli holds in one of 
the first universities in the State, is a better and 
higher compliment to his abilitj' than anj- words of 
ours could express. He has the distinction of be- 
ing the youngest college President in the United 
States. Of Prof. Aylesworth, one who has known 
him intimatelj', says: '-while he is progressive in 
his trend of thought, and familiar with every ad- 
vance movement in religion, science or philosophy, 
he yet holds alwaj's with unyielding grasp to the 
great primary truths of the gospel ; like the artist 
who never leaves the primary colors of nature, how- 
ever loft}' his conception ; or the musician who 
never fors.akes the eight notes, though desiring and 
seeking an almost endless variation wiiliiu their 

"1^ W. S.MOUSE, M. U., has been a member of 
I j) the medical fraternity of Des Moines since 
j^ November 1, 187'J. He was born in the 
city of Cumberland, Md.. but when a lad he re- 
moved to Baltimore, where he grew to manhood. 
His father. John I. Smouse, continued to reside in 
Cumberlaiul until his death, and his mother is still 
a resident of that cit3\ His paternal grandfather 
was iiiic of the early settlers of Cumberland, and 
the familj' has been prominently identified with 
that section of the State. The family to which 
our subject belongs numbered live children, four 
sons and one daughter, of whom he the eldest. 
Dr. Smouse received an excellent literary educa- 
tion in the schools of iJaltimore and. having made 
choice of the medical profession as the one he 
wished to make his life work, he entered the Uni- 
versity of Maiyland, graduating from the meilical 
department of that institution in February, 187G. 
He then entered the hospital connected with the 
universit}-, where he remained two years. That 
proveil an excellent training school to him. On 



severing liis conneolion witli tlie I'niversity. lie 
came to Iowa, settling in Monroe, Jasper County, 
where he opened an office and continued in prac- 
tice until his removal to Des Moines, on the 1st of 
November, 1879. In the ten yearsof his residence 
in this city he has l)uilt up an excellent practice, 
lie is a gentleman of culture and possesses the con- 
fidence and esteem of his fellow citizens, both 
professionally and otherwise. Ilis excellent edu- 
cational advantages, in addition to his natural 
aptitude for the profession, have made him an ex- 
pert phj'fician, and as he makes his profession a 
study, he is ahv.ays abreast of the times. In 
manner he is genial and courteous, and possesses 
tiiat delicate consideration and attention so neces- 
sarj' in a sick room. 

One of the most important events in the life of 
Dr. Smouse occurred in Waterloo, Iowa, on the 
4th (tf October, 1881, when he led to the marriage 
altar Miss Amanda Cummings. This lady is a na- 
tive of Ohio, and like her husband has many warm 
friends in Des Moines, by whom she is highl)^ es- 

i^^ EUBEN J. YOl'TZ. In looking abroad over 
1^^ the home of our subject, who is a promi- 
nent farmer of Bloomfield Township, resid- 
'^)jing on section 26, we everywhere see evi- 
dences of thrift and enterprise, which are marked 
characteristics of the owner. His possessions con- 
sist of two hundred acres of arable land, a commo- 
dious and substantial residence, one of the best 
liarns in the county, and an excellent grade of 
stock of all kinds. Indeed it is a model farm. 
The land has been divided into fields which are 
well tilled, the latest machinery has been procured 
to aid in the labor of its cultivation, and every 
necessary improvement is there found. 

Mr. Youtz was born in Stark County, Ohio, on 
the 23d of November, 1834, and traces his ances- 
try back to Switzerland. His father, Joshua Youtz, 
was born in Pennsylvania, but in the early days of 
Ohio became a resident of the Bucke\e State, where 
he carried on shoemaking and farming for man}' 
years. He wedded Miss Esther Hosier, also a na- 

tive of Pennsylvania, and unto them were born 
nine children, seven of whom are yet living — Josiah 
S.. Hiram L., John B.. Reuben J., Simon E., Me- 
linda K. and Addison H. The mother of this fam- 
ily was called to her final rest in 18G7, at the age 
of fifty -seven years, dying a number of years pre- 
vious to the death of her husliand, which occurred 
in 1884, at the age of eight3'-two years. 

While a lad our subject was permitted to attend 
the public schools of his native State during the 
winter months, but as his services were needed upon 
the farm during the summer season, his educational 
advantages were necessarily somewhat limited. 
Not content with the knowledge he had acquired, 
however, after attaining to mature j^ears he at- 
tended high grades of schools, and has also greatlj^ 
supplemented his early education bj' subsequent 
reading and observation. On leaving home, at the 
age of twenty-one years, he began teaching school, 
which profession he followed during the winter for 
a number of j-ears, and in the summer engaged in 
farm work. In 1861 he determined to devote his 
energies to some other pursuit, .and embarked in 
the furniture business, but the war breaking out 
about that time he concluded he could not make a 
success in that line and so resumed teaching. In 
the spring of 1862 he rented a farm, but in the fall 
of the same year became a member of Company I, 
Nineteenth Ohio Infantry. Tlie recruits were or- 
dered to report at Camp Mansfield, Ohio, where 
they were equipped for duty and sent to Louisville, 
Ky., whence they proceeded to Bowling Green, 
where they remained in camp for about six weeks. 
Thej- then marched to Nashville, and later joined 
the Ami}- of the Cumberland at Murfreesboro, 
where they remained in camp for about six months, 
during which time they did scouting and garrison 
duty, and guarded the rear of the army and the 
provisions .and ammunition. Their time having ex- 
pired on thnr arrival at Tulalioma. Mr. Youtz re- 
ceived his discharge, and returned home to once 
more resume the daily toils of life. 

On account of ill health, the result of exposure 
and privations in the army, our subject was unalile 
to engage in teaching the following winter, but in 
the following spring resumed work upon his farm. 
In the winter of 18G3 a volunteer militia comi):uiy 



was formed near his home, of wiiich Mr. Youtz was 
cleeled Captain, and in the spring of 18G4, word 
w.'is rcfC'ived from I'ncle Sam to report at Camp 
Chase. Colnmhus. Oliio, wiiere they were mustered 
into service, joining the Army of the Tennessee. 
About this time Gen. Price was inal<ing liis raid 
through Kentuc'l<y, and a force, of wliich tlie eom- 
pan3' commanded l)^' our subject was a part, was 
ordered to arrest liis progress, which they did. after 
which tliey went into camp at Covington, Ky., 
doing garrison duty until September, 186J, wlien 
they were again disciiarged from the service. 

Capt. Youtz continued to malvc his home in 
Ohio until the spring of Ib65, when following the 
course of human emigration which was steadily 
drifting Westward, lie landed in Dos Moines, where 
he spent the following summer. He tlien purchased 
eighty acres in Bloonilield Township, cultivating it 
until 1873, when he purchaseil one hundred and 
sixty acres of wild land, constituting a part of his 
present fine farm. To this he has added by subse- 
quent purcliaso, until, as before stated, two hundred 
acres pay tribute to liis care and cultivation. He 
began life a poor man, but is now ranked among 
the well-to-do citizens of the county. He eer- 
tainl}" deserves great credit for his success, which 
is the result of his own efforts, aided only by those 
of the loved wife who has now passed away. 
Though the greater part of his attention has been 
devoted to his business interc.'sts, he has yet found 
time to serve the public in divers ways, including 
tiic discharge of various official ciuties as a town- 
sliip ollicer. He is a firm adherent of the principles 
of the Republican part}', which he has supported 
Willi his ballot since its organization, and keeps 
himself well informed on all the leading issues of 
the day. 

In 18G0 Mr. Yi)utz led to the marri.age altar 
Miss Harriet Miller, and their union was blessed 
with six children: Minnie, vvho is now the wife of 
William Mitchell, a resident of Bloomlleld Town- 
ship; Lewis A., Ella E., Arthur W., Homer F. and 
Chauncey A., who are still with their father. Mr. 
Youtz lias ever been a warm friend of education, 
and intends that his children shall have the best 
advantages in tiiat direction. Two of them are now 
attending college, the daughter pursuing a musical 

course, and the son a scientific course, which he 
will complete in 1890. L. A. is also a graduate of 
the elocutionary department. On the 22d of No- 
vember, 1886, Mrs. Youtz departed this life. She 
was a kind friend and neiglibor, a loving and 
faithful wife and mother, and a sincere Christian 
woman. Her beauty of cliar.acter and many excel- 
lencies won tlie love of all, and her loss wiis deeply 
regretted by manj' warm friends, as well as her 
immediate family. Mr. Youtz was .again married, 
in April, 188',), to Mrs. Martha A. Badley, an 
estimable lady, who for some time has been a resi- 
dent of this county. They have one child, an 
infant. The Youtz household is noted for its hos- 
pitalit}', and our subject and his wife hold a high 
position in tiie social world. 

ci^^HOMAS F. KELLKHKR, M. D.. a practicing 
j'/^v physician of Des Moines, has made his home 
Vg^ in Iowa since 18G8, and has engaged in 
practice in this city since 1885. He was born in 
Lawrence, Mass., February 5, 1855, and is a son of 
•lohn and Elizabeth (Ludgate) Kelleher, who emi- 
grated to the Ilawke^-e Slate in 18f!8, settling in 
Iowa Cit}'. The death of the father occurred 
twenty years later, but the raotlier is still living, 
and m.akes her home in Fonda, Iowa. 

The subject of this sketch, Dr. Thomas F. Kel- 
leher, accompanied his parents to Iowa when a lad 
of thirteen jxars. He w.".s educated in the State 
University of Iowa City, graduating from the medi- 
cal department of th.^t institution in the class of 
1878. He established himself in practice at Bev- 
inglon, Madison County, Iowa, whence he removed 
to Fonda, Po(ahont!is County, where he remained 
engaged in the practice of his chosen profession 
until 1885, when, as before stated, he located in 
this cit3'. 

In the month of M.ay, 1880, Dr. Kelleher led to 
the marriage altar Miss Annie Cunningham, daugh- 
ter of John Cunningham, the wedding I)eing cele- 
brated in Madison County. The lady was born and 
reared in the county where her marri.age occurred, 
her parents having there settled at an early day. 







Tlie Doctor and ]Mrs. Kellehcr are the liappy par- 
ents of two children, a son and daughter — John and 
Mar\' — who shml sunshine tlirough tlieir iiome l)y 
their liriglil pi'esence. 

Tiie Doctor and his wife are devoted nieml)ers of 
tlie Catholic C'hurcli of ]Jes Moines, and in political 
sentiment lie is a Democrat, having supported that 
party since attaining his majority. He is a mem- 
ber of the I'olk County Medical fSociety, and also 
the State Medical Society. He is well skilled in 
his [)rofession, and ulthougli liis resi<lence in Des- 
Moines covers only the short period of five years, 
he has succeeded in building u|) a good |)ractice,as 
the people recognize his ahilily and are willing to 
acknowledge it by a liberal patronage. 

"(I, OHX M. OTIS, an earlj* settler of Iowa, now 
engaged in the insurance business in Des 
Moines, was born in Tunkhannock, Wyom- 
ing County, I'a,, on the 22d of May, 1822, 
and is a son of Charles and Jeriisha (Marcy) Otis. 
His father, anative of Massachusetts, was descended 
from I'uritan ancestcu-s. the family dating its origin 
in New England back to 1030. His most distin- 
guished ancestor was Col. John Otis, who was born 
in I'lingham. Mass., in IG.jT. settled at Barnstable 
on Cape Cod, and represented that town for twenty 
years in the General Court. He commandeil the 
county militia, was Chiif Justice of Common I'leas, 
was the first Judge of Probate of Barnstable County, 
and Counselor from 1706 until his death, which oc- 
curred on the 2lid of September, 1727. He was the 
f.'Uiirr of Judge James Otis, also a man of note in 
his day. 

Mrs. Otis, the mother of the subject of this 
sketch, was born in J)utchcss County, N. Y., while 
the family was sojourning there after the massacre 
of Wyoming, and waslhe daughter of Zebum Marcy, 
who was an inmate of Forty Fort of the Wyoming 
\'alley at tiie time it was captured by the Tories 
and Indians, July 1, 1778. Great cruelties were 
there perpetrated, the whole region was burned over 
and devastated, and many other wrongs inflicted 
upon the settlers. The few families escaped, and 

tied to the Delaware River, where they subsisted 
among friendlj' families until the close of tiie war. 
After tlie close o( hostilities the families returned 
and again toiik possession of their lands, which liad 
fallen into the hands of the Tories. Mr. Marcy 
served as captain of a comiiany of the United 
States troops, and was, througii mistake, a sjiecial 
object of hatred on the |)art of the Tories. He be- 
longed to the same family of which Gen. Randolph 
B. Marcy and Gov. JMarcy were members. 

The parents of our sulijcct came to the West in 
Jul}' 18.':>8, locating in Marengo. McHcnry Count}', 
III., where both died at about the age of eighty 
years. John H. accom|)anied them on their re- 
moval to that State, and spent four years in Mar- 
engo, after which he went to Lancaster, Grant 
County, Wis., where he was engaged in the mercan- 
tile business from 1842 until 1852. when he went 
to California. The gold excitement attracted him 
as it did many others, andhe started for the Pacific 
Coast, going liy the New York and Isthmus route. 
He eng.aged in mining for five years, and at the ex- 
piration of tiiat time returned to his home in 1857. 
The following year he became a resident of Iowa, 
locating in Bentonsport, where he was engaged in 
the forwarding, commission and produce business. 
When the railroad was completed to Edd\ville, he 
removed to that i)lace, whence he came to Des 
Moines in 18GG, and pursued his former line of 
business, also carrying a stock of agricsdtural im- 
plements, until 1876, since which time he has been 
engaged in the insurance business. He represents 
several of the leading companies in that line, in- 
cluding the .Etna Life, the Rockford.of Illinois, 
German.of Illinois, Rochester German of Rocheste:-, 
the Empire State, the Peoples, of New Hampshire, 
tlie Long Island, of New York, and others. 

One of the most important events in the life of 
IMr. Otis occurred in Fariiiingham, Mass., July 18, 
18411, vvhcn he led to the h}incneal altar, Miss 
S. Georgana Eaton, daughter of Eban and Sarah 
Eaton. She was born in Farmingham, as were also 
her father and grandfather, and hers was an old 
family of New Hampshire. Mr. Otis and his wife 
are communicants of the CongiegationnI Church, 
to which the lady has l)eIonged since her thirteenth 
year, and the liusban<l for the [last forty years. He 



lias lillef! tlie offlces of Deacon and Trustee, and has 
served as Secretary- of the church for ten or twelve 
years. Six children have been born to this worthy 
couple, four of whom are now living: Catherine 
G., who is the wife of D. 0. . Eshbaugh, of New 
York Cit}'; William Eaton, who married Miss Daisy 
Robliins, and is a real-estate dealer of Kansas City; 
Charles D., who is living at Lake Arthur, in south- 
western Louisiana; (TCnevieve is at home; Lizzie, 
who died at the age of nineteen years; and Nellie, 
who died in infancy. 

In politics, Mr. Otis wa*; a Whig in earl3' life, 
and voted for William Henry Harrison for Presi- 
dent in 1840. He joined the Re|)ublican parly at 
its organization, and still gives it his support. 
While a resident of Lancaster, Wis., he served as 
Postmaster for several years under appointment of 
President Tyler. Mr. Otis, is a genial, courteous 
gentleman, whose course in life has been an upright 
one, whereby he has gained the respect and esteem 
of those with whom lie has had business or social 




(OHN MILLER KNIGHT, tlie pioneer 
wholesale and retail dealer in millinery of 
Des Moines, established business in this city 
in 1805, in company with his brother, R. A. 
Knight, under the firm name of Knight IJros., 
wholesale and ret.iil dealers in dr3'-goods and mil- 
linery. That connection continued until 1875, 
when our subject became the sole i)roprieter, and 
has since continued alone in liusiness. 

Mr. Knight was born in Danimerston, Windham 
County, Vt., on the 2Hth of August, 183G, and is 
the son of the Hon. Asa and Susan (Miller) Knight. 
His father was the son of Joel and Esther Kniglit, 
and was born in Danimerston, Vt., Eebruary i)^, 
1793. The Knight family was founded in Ameiiea 
about 1730 by two brotheis who emigrated from 
England and settled in Worchester, Mass. The 
first native-born Ameiican of the family was .Ton- 
atlian Kniglit, Sr., great-grandfather of our subject, 
who was born in Worcester, Mass., January 3, 
1732, and married Tamas Russell, by whom he had 
several ehihben. Ilis death occurred March 13, 

1819, in the eighty-eighth year of his age. His 
.son Joel, is the grandfather of John M. 

Hon. Asa Knight, on the 1st of M.ay, 1822, was 
united in marriage with Miss Susan Miller, a daugh- 
ter of John and Polly (Davenport) Miller, and a 
native of Dammerston. She was born October 22, 
1796, and died in July, 1885, at the age of eighty- 
nine years. She was of Scotch descent, and her 
family was noted among the early Colonists of 
New England, who dated their settlement from 
IGGO. Mrs. Miller is of the sixth generation from 
Lew Miller, who was born in Edinburg, Scotland, 
in 1G13. The second in descent was James Miller, 
son of the above, who was born in Edinburg in 
1G40. His son, Is.aac Miller, was born in Charles- 
town, Mass., and Isaac Miller, Jr., born in Concord, 
Mass., in 1708, was of the fourth generation. John 
Miller was the fifth in direct descent and was born 
in Dammerston, ^'t.. in 1751. He was the father of 
Susan Knight, and the grandfather of the subject 
of this sketch. The Miller family of \'ermont 
numbered many influential citizens of that State 
among its members, and especially were they prom- 
inently connected with the history of Dammers- 

The Hon. Asa Knight was a prominent and lead- 
ing citizen of his native town, where he followed 
merchandising as a vocation. In 1821 he removed 
with his family to Newfane, of the same State, 
where he served several years as Deputy Sheriff. 
In 1830 he was elected to the \'ermont Legislature 
and being twice re-elected, served until 183G. Dur- 
ing the years of 1831, 1835 and 1836, he was Judge 
of the Probate Court, and discharged the duties of 
that office with ability and fidelity. 

We now come to the immediate history of our 
subject, J((lui Miller Knight received an .academic 
education, and was initiated into the mysteries of 
mcrcantilt^ life in his father's store, which he en- 
tered when but twelve years of age. Afterward 
be sold dry-goods in Bratlleboro, Vt., eight vears 
for Eishcr & Haven, after which he emigrated to 
Des Moines, Iowa, iu 18G3, via Marshalltown, 
Iowa, then the end of the railroad, and from there 
to Des Moines by stage, there being no railroad 
into Des Moines at that lime. The population of 
Des Moines was then about five thousand. In 



Ma3', llSG I, lie joined (juitc a party bound for the 
gold luiiics of Montana and Idaho, equipped with 
ox teams and Indian ponies, and taliing a stock of 
miner's merchandise. Tiie^* took the Nortii Platte 
route through the Sioux country. The Sioux In<lians 
were verj' treacherous, and on the war path at that 
time, and but for the fact that lliej- had cattle, would 
have had trouble, but they only wanted iiorses or 
mules. At South Pass they look what was known 
a^ the Sanders' cut-off on the Oregon Trail, being 
one hundred and nineteen days in reaching ^'ir- 
ginia City. Mont. The mining interests of that re- 
gion were then attracting much attention, but the 
Indians were hostile and traveling was hazardous. 
Fioni Virginia Cit}' Mr. Knight m.ade his waj'' to 
what is now the city of Helena, but was then known 
as " the last chance gulch," where placer gold 
mining was tiie attraction. But two houses had 
been built at that time. Mr. Knight erected sev- 
eral others, and also engaged in prospecting. One 
year later he went to Salt Lake City, where he 
spent the winter, and in 186a he returned to Des 
Moines. On his return the party was attacked by 
the Sioux In<lians near Ft. Bridge, and lost some 
slock. Arriving at Denver, Col., then a small 
town, he took the stage for Des Moines, a distance 
of seven hundred and fifty miles. On reaching 
Des Moines he [)urchased the interest of C. W. 
Keyes, of the firm of Keyes & Knight, and engaged 
in th(! w-holesale and retail dry -goods and millinery 
business, under the firm, name of Knight Bros., 
near the corner of Fourth Street and Court Ave- 
nue, where ho remained until 18S0, when he re- 
moved to No. "227 Fourth Street, his present [ilace 
of business. 

At Niagara Falls, N. Y., on ;he Ith of Septem- 
ber, 1.S73, Mr. Knight wedded Miss Ellen Frances 
Rice, who was l)orn in Massacluisetls, and removed 
to New York with her parents in childhood. Iler 
father was Dr. W. B. Rice, and she is a niece of 
Judge Byron Uice, of Des Moines. Four children 
have been born mito them, three daughters and a 
son; the last named, John Rice, died at the age of a 
year and a half. The daughters are Frances K., 
Susan and Helen. 

In politics Mr. Knight is a Democrat, as his 
fatlier w:is before him, hut he has never desired 

public oflice, as his business requires his undivided 
attention. The great brotherhood of Masons claims 
hi;n as a member, and he still retains his membership 
in Golden Rule Lodge, No. 32, A. F. & A. M., of 
Putney, Vt., also in Ft. Dummer Chapter, R. A. 
M., of Brattleboro, Vt., and is a member of Tem- 
ple Commandery, K. T., of Des Moines. He is 
the oldest established wholesale and retail dealer in 
millinery in this city, his operations in that line 
covering a period of a quarter of a centurj'. Dur- 
ing all these years of business and social intercourse 
with the people of Des Moines, and vicinity, Mr. 
Knight has won a reputation for integrity, fair and 
upright business methods, and a genial, courteous 
manner that has secured him a host of warm and 
tried friends. 

*■ ARK E. GLIDDEN, attorney at-law, of 
Des Moines, was born in St. Albans, Somer- 

set County, Me., December 8, 1859, and 
is a son of Calvin S. and Olive (Stewart) 
Glidden. His family on both sides dates its origin 
in America back to the earl}' settlement of the 
New F^ngland Colonies. His father's ancestors 
came with that historic [larty on the "Maytlowei'," 
while his mother's people were only a few genera- 
tions later. 

Almost the entire life of our subject has l)een 
passed in this .State, having been brought by his 
parents to Iowa, in 18(J2, when onl}- three years 
old. The family settled in ^Vinneslliek County, 
where Mark was reared, and where he received his 
primary education in the district schools. Later 
he attended the high school in AVinona, Minn., 
from which he was graduated, in the class of 1881. 
He then entered Williams College, at Williamstown, 
Mass., and after a four years course was graduated 
from that institution, in the class of 1^85. He then 
came to Des Moines and engaged in the study of 
law, under the direction of .T. K. Macomber, the 
present county attorney, and was admitted to the 
bar in May, 1888, since which time he has been in 
active iiraclieeat Des Moines. His ability, both 
natural an<l acipiircil, are such as to command 



respoct'ancl attract attention, and lie is lecognizcfl 
as a young lawyer of miic'!i promise and superior 
culture. He is quick in tliought, liis arguments 
are logical and convincing, and ere many years 
have passed lie will no doubt occupy a prominent 
place at the Polk County bar. In political senti- 
ment he is a supporter of the Rejiublican party. 

Mr. Glidden lost his parents when young, his 
fatlier dying when Mark was but nine years of age, 
and the mother when he was a lad of sixteen. He 
lost a brother during the late war, but has four 
sisters yet living. 

'^j^ Mayor of Dos Moines, was born in Colum- 
^ biana County, Ohio, on the iA\\ of October, 
(^ 1841, his parents being James H., and Ann 
Carpenter. His father was born in Lancaster, Pa., 
in 1815, and in 1844, i-emoved to Pittsburg, where 
lie was engaged in manufacturing for ten years, when 
he beeame a resilient of Dubuque County, Iowa, 
where he pursued the occupation of farming. Later 
he went with his family to Black Hawk County, 
where he and his wife still reside. The subject of 
this sketch was a lad of thirteen years when he ac- 
conii)anied the family to Iowa. He was educated 
in Ei)W()Vth Seminar}', and at the Pittsburg High 
School, and on the "iid of August, 18G2, enlisted as 
a member of Company G, 32d Iowa Infantry, of 
which he was commissioned Second Lieutenant, and 
later promoted to be Adjutant. His service was 
principally in the West, and led to his participa- 
tion in the following named battles: that of Cape 
Girardeau, Mo., Bayou Meto, Ft. Dellussey, Pleas- 
ant Hill, Crucheyville, Bayou La Moir, iMarksville, 
Yellow Bayou. Tujielo, Miss.. Nashville, Tenn., 
Old Town Creek, and Ft. Blakely, Mo. He was 
mustered (>ut August 25, 1865, having faithfully 
served his country for three years. During his 
long service in the malarial districts of Arkansas 
and Louisiana, his health I)ecamc seriously impaired 
and it w.ns not until three years had elni)sed after 
his retuiti to the North, that he fully recovered. 
Mr. Carpenter was niurrieil on the 2Gth of Scp- 

ti'inbir. 18G5, -to Miss Estella C. Dickerson, the 
wedding being celebrated in Dubuque, Iowa. The 
laily was born in Columbia County, N. Y., and is 
a daughter of the Rev. Josiah Dickerson. By]their 
union have lieen born nine children, seven sons and 
two daughters — William McKindon, James Samp- 
son, (ieorge Erasmus. Edwin .Stanton, Lockwood 
Dickerson, Hamilton, Estella Ann, Mary Frances, 
and Donald Scroggy. Soon after his marriage, Mr. 
Carpenter engaged in farming near Waterloo, Iowa, 
and became an .active member of the Grange. He 
was elected Secretary and Purchasing Agent of the 
St.ate Grange, and held that position from 1875 un- 
til 1878. In 1875 he came to Des Moines and es- 
tablished a barb wire factor}' in opposition to a 
combination that controlled the manufacture and 
sale of that article. He manufactured for the 
Grange, and successfully carried on the business 
until 1887. 

In political sentiment, Mr. Carpenter was a sup- 
porter of the Republican parly until 1872, when he 
joined the Independent movement, and has since 
worked with the opposition. He the Demo- 
cratic candidate for Congress in 1886, and though 
defeated, had the satisfaction of knowing that he three hundred votes ahead of his party ticket. 
In March, 1888, he elected iMayor in a Repub- 
lican city, and has proved a competent and faith- 
ful officer. During Mr. Carpenter's administration, 
substantial and extensive irai)rovements have been 
projected and carried forward to a successful com- 
pletion. Sociall}', he is a member of Crocker Post, 
No. 12, G. A. R. ; Home Lodge, No. 370, A.. F. ct 
A. M.; the Ancient Order of United Workmen; and 
the V. A. S., all of Des Moines. Mr. and Mrs. 
Carpenter are members of the Weslcyan Methodist Church, of East Des Moines. 

-^^—^^- ^- 

AVID NORRIS, a retired farmer of Des 
Moines hfis resided in Polk County since 
the Territorial days of Iowa, his resi- 
dence dating from 1845. He was born 
in Frederick County, Md., on the 3d of August, 
ISOL-ind is at the present writing in his eight}-- 



iiiiUli year. His father, George Norris. was a na- 
tive of Scotland, but vvlien an infant, was brought 
by his parents to America. He was a miller by 
trade, and in the prime of life was injured b}- a 
water-wheel of the mill so seriously, that death re- 
sulted. His wife was in her maidenhood Miss Julia 
Ann Logan, and lier family was of German descent. 
She survived her husband about forty years, and 
cared for lier cliildren until they were able to earn 
their own livelihood and depend upon their own re- 
sources. The family consisted of six children, three 
sons and three daughters, but only three are now 
living: Maria, now Mrs. Beck, is a resident of Day- 
ton, Ohio; William died a number of years ago: 
George, who is also deceased; Mrs. Harriet Snj'der 
is a resident of Da3'ton, Ohio; Charlotte, who be- 
came the wife of Mr. Motto, died in Dayton. 

Our subject spent the d.iys of his boyhood and 
youth upon his father's farm, and throughout his 
business career followed agricultural pursuits. His 
mother removed to Dayton, when he was a child, 
and in Montgomery C6unt3% Ohio, on the 23d of 
September, 1828, having attained to mature 3ears, 
lie was united in marriage with Miss Catherine 
Hilderbrand, a native of Allegheny County, Pa., and 
a daughter of James and Elizabeth Hilderbrand, 
who removed to Montgomery County-, Ohio, in an 
earl}- day. In 183'J, Mr. Norris and his wife became 
residents of Johnson County, Ind., where they 
dwelt until becoming residents of Polk County-, 
Iowa, in the ^ear 1815. The first settlement which 
Mr. Norris made was at Saj'lor Grove, on what is 
now the county farm. He improved that place, 
and made it his home for ten 3'ears, when he sold 
out and removed to the city of Des IMoines. He 
obtained the position of crier in the county. Slate, 
.Supreme and L^nited States Courts, which position 
he held for j'ears, but resigned the three flrst-iMimed 
when, in 1868, he resumed farm labor. He i)ur- 
chased land in lUoomfield Township, on which he 
lived until l.SSl, when in consequence of his ad- 
vanced age, he could no longer operate his farm, 
ami, selling out, returned to Des Moines. He pur- 
chased his land for ^.'ill per acre, and on disposing 
of it sold at an increase of ^liU) per acre. He 
was one of the ka<llng agriculturists of this sec- 
tion of the State, and, possessing all the elements 

essential to success, his career as a farmer was a 
prosiierous one. Although he resigned his jiosition 
as caller in three courts, he filled that position in 
the United States Court until 1888, covering a 
period of thirty-two years. He is one of the oldest 
and one of the earliest citizens of Des ^loines, and 
is respected and esteemed by all who know him. 
He has led a useful and upright life, and ina^- now 
look back over the past with no regret for unim- 
proved opportunities and time illy spent. 

The family of iMr. and Mrs. Norris includes only 
two chiklren, daughters: Elizabeth, who is now the 
widow of Benjamin Saylor, and Eve, wife of Thomas 

■^S^ ANIEL n. UEES., M. D., of Des Moines, was 
ij; born in Vermillion County, 111., May l',>, 
1824, and is the son of Thomas and .Sarah 
(Haworth) Rees. His father, a ^'irginian by birth, 
removed to Clinton, Ohio, in earl^' life, and was 
there married, after which he engaged in farming. 
Later he left the Buckeye State and became a res- 
id(mt of White River, Ind., when. e, in 1820, here- 
moved to Vermillion County, III. He was one of 
the earliest pioneers of that region and continued 
to make his home in that county until 1816, when 
he emigrated with his fuinil^' to Polk County, 
Iowa, using ox-teams and wagons as a means of 
transportation. Arriving in Polk County on the 
1st of June of that year, the}' found Iowa's capital 
to be a small inilitaiy post called Ft. Des Moines. 
Mr. Rees settled on what was subsequently known 
as the "six mile strip," which, in January-, 1853, 
was sei)arated from Polk County and attached to 
Warren County. The death of his wife occurred in 
1848, and he suljsequently married Lydia Hen- 
shaw. He continued his residence on the claim 
which he had made for a period of twelve j'ears, 
when he went to Kansas. Three years later he re- 
turned to Iowa and settled near Stuart, (iiithric 
County, where he i)assed the latter years of his life, 
his death occuriing in 1863. By his first mar- 
riage were bmii six chihbvn, three sons and three 
daughters, but Dr. Kees :ind two sisters are llieon'y 



surviving ones. The eldest of these, .Sidney .Smiih, 
married John Pearson, of Ohio. Tiiey came to 
Iowa in 1H46, settled in Polk County, where they 
they lived for about twenty yearSj then moved to 
Guthrie f^ounty, Iowa, where Mr. Pearson died 
aliout 1870. Ilis widow was agsin- married and 
now resides in Stuart, Iowa. Martlia Rees. llirce 
years younger than the Doctor, married James W. 
Dowell, February 3, 1848, and now lives in Des 
Moines, Iowa. 

Doctor Rees came to Iowa_. with his parents, in 
June, 181G. Having received a common school 
education, he entered upon the stuily of medicine 
and was graduated from the Eclectic Medical Col- 
lege, of Cincinnati, Ohio, in the class of 1859. 
Previous to that time, however, he studied two 
years with Dr. Beck, of Palmyra, Iowa. On re- 
ceiving his degree he at once entered upon the 
active duties of liis profession in Guthrie Countj', 
continuing in that field until 18G4, when he re- 
moved to Palm^-ra, Warren County, of the same 
State, where he spent fourteen years in successful 
practice. Coming to Des Moines at the expiration 
of that time, he has since been actively employed 
in professional work in this city. 

On the 2nd of February, 1818, in Polk County, 
Dr. Rees vvas united in the holy bonds of matri- 
mony with INIiss Mary S. Edgerton, a native of 
Grant County, Ind., and a daughter of William 
Edgcrton. Her father died while she was yet a 
child, and in 1817, she accompanied her brother 
and family to Polk County. The Doctor an<l his 
wife have five living children and have lost four, 
three dying in infancy, the other reachirig woman- 
hood. S. Ctdvin, the eldest, married Miss Lula 
Harris, and is engaged in farming in Fremont 
County, Iowa; William W. married Miss Emma 
Snow, and is a druggist of Schuyler, Colfax County, 
Neb.; Celissa J., wife of Hiram Griffin, died in 
INIay, 187f); Lewis A. is engaged in the drug l)usi- 
ness in llaniluug, Fremont County, Iowa; Delia 
Celesta is the wife of Louis Sheldahl, of Des 
Moines; Ivie E. is a teacher in the city schools, 
and makes her home with her parents. Mrs. Rees 
and family attend the Congregational Cluirch. 

In politics, Dr. Rees is a Republican, but has 
never sought pt litical pretVrnient. After coming 

to Des Moines, he took a post graduate course in 
King's Eclectical Medical College, graduating in 
1881. He is professor of Theory and Practice in 
the Iowa Eclectic Medical College, of Des Moines, 
and has filled that chair for the past three years. 
He is a member of the Iowa State Eclectic Medical 
Society, of which he has served as Vice-President, 
and is also a member of the National Eclectic Meil- 
ical Society. The Doctor has now been engaged in 
active practice in Des Moines for twelve years, 
having his office at No. 422 P'ast Sixth Street, anil 
residence at No. 1209 Lyon Street. He is recog- 
nized as a physician and surgeon of superior abil- 
ity, and is a gentleman of culture. His skill in his 
profession and close application to business have 
won him an extensive and lucrative practice, which 
is well merited. 

EDWIN II. CARTER, Physician and Sur- 
geon, was born in Prince William County, 
Va., July 9. 183C. His father, Rhodam C. 

Carter, and his grandfather, John Carter, were 
born in the same place. His great-grandfather, 
Nathan Carter, emigrated from London and settled 
in Prince William County, where he became a 
planter. Rhodam was born August 6, 1806, and 
in 1826 married Miss Lucy, daughter of William 
Hulitl, a native of Virginia, whose wife, JMaigery 
Ball, belonged to a noted family of Virginia. Both 
the Doctor's grandfathers served in the War of 

In 1847, Rhodam C. with his family removed 
to and settled on a farm in Ileniy County, luwa. 
Subsecpiently he removed to Afton, Iowa, where 
Mr. Carter died January 1, 1881, when in the 
seventy-sixth year of his age. Mrs. Carter, who 
was born in \'irginia, September 26, 1808, died 
December 25, 1888. They were the parents of 
live sons and live daughters who grew to maturity, 
and eight of that number are living in 1890, vi/..: 
I.evi, Elizabeth, Ranzel, Rhodam S., Edwin II., 
Harriet, Maria and Juda. The deceased are: Mar- 
gery, the second daughter and liftli child, who 
died at the age of eighteen years; and Allen, the 



youngest son. The latter enlisted during tiie late 
war in tbe Fourth Iowa Cavalry, was taken pris- 
oner at the battle of Pea Kidge, Ark., and died 
while in captivity at Little Rock, his death having 
Ijeen caused from exposure and exhaustion. 

Dr. Carter, while in Ins native State, attended 
tlie primitive scliools of that ua\-, iu which he ob- 
tained the rudiments of an education. fSoon after 
sunrise school was called, and throughout the day 
until sunset the strictest attention and diligence 
were required by the teacher, who was employed 
by the 3'ear, and an infraction of rules was sure 
io provoke sj^eedy and sunnnaiy punishment. In 
that day the methods of imparting instruction 
were crude, and the text books were remarkably 
ambiguous to the scholars. .School aiijiaratus was 
luiknown, and tlie sciioolhouscs were marvels of 
architectural ugliness and discomfort, and taken 
altogether, an excellent illustration is afforded of 
the wonderful contrast that exists in the school 
systems of the i)ast and i)resent. 

As a farmer boy, though onl}' eleven years old 
when his parents seLtled in Iowa, Dr. Carter per- 
formed nearly all the duties of a farm hand during 
the summer, and attended school during the winter. 
Thus his life was passed 'to his eighteenth year, at 
whicii age he forever aljandoned farm life. During 
the next seven or eiglit years he attended school 
and taught alternately, becoming' a successful and 
proficient instructor. 

In the spring of 1862, our subject enterel the 
office of Dr. William Molesworth, of Des Moines, 
and commenced the studj' of medicine. After a 
thorough course of office instruction, he matricu- 
lated at the Eclectic Medical institute of Cincin- 
nati, Ohio, from which college he was graduated 
on the loth of February, 1865. Returning to 
Des Moines, he formed a partnership with his 
former preceptor, and actively' engaged in tiie 
practice of medicine. 

During the winter of 1868-6!) Dr. Carter took a 
course of study in the University Medical Col- 
lege of New York City. Returning again to Des 
Moines, he lias continued in the active practice of 
medicine and surgery to the present time. In 
1868 he was one of the f','w who organized the 
Iowa State Eclectic Medical Society, in which he 

successively held the otDces of Corresponding 
Secretary, Kecording Secretary, Treasurer and 

In Des Moines, January 21, 1875, the Doctor 
married Miss Amanda Richmond, a native of Ohio. 
They liave one child, Edwin Richmond, who was 
born May 20, 1877. In 18.S1 Dr. Carter assisted 
in organizing the Medical Dei)artment of Drake 
L'niversity, which o|)''ned its first course of lec- 
tures January 10, 1882. During the first term he 
was Professor of Surgery, and for four succeeding 
terms taught the theory and practice of medicine, 
and from the opening of the school to the end of 
the fifth term was Dean of the Faculty. At the 
close of the fifth term he resigned his positions in 
the college, and again gave his undivided attention 
to the pr.actice of his profession. For a quarter of 
a centur}' Dr. Carter has practiced medicine in 
Des Moines and vicinity, and has come in contact 
with ever}' form of disease to which this climate is 
subject. As a physician and surgeon, he stands in 
liie front rank of the fraternit3- in Polk Countj'. 
He is a close student, a keen observer and is thor- 
oughly devoted to his profession. An affable and 
social gentleman, he enjoys a wide circle of ac- 
quaintances, and commands the resjiect of all whom 
he meets. He takes a lively interest in the world's 
progress, and bears no small share in promoting 
the growth and best interes'ts of his home city and 

-, present Chancellor of Drake University. 
v^^iJi ^" ^ f'^'''" '" Nelson County, Ky., on the 
4th of March, 1831, was born one of the ablest 
educators of which Iowa can boast — G. T. Carpen- 
ter, A.M., L.L.D., F.A.S. He springs from a line 
of farmers on both sides. His paternal grandfather, 
Michael Carpenter, left his home in •tJermany 
when a youth, crossed the Atlantic and settled in 
Kentuck}', where he was married and reared a fam- 
ily' of children. One of his sons. Judge Carpentoi-. 
figured prominently in the politics of that Stair; 
another, Thomas by name, chose farming as his 
vocation, but as he was just entering upon I lie 



most active :tn(l useful perioil of liis life, he was 
called to that land whence no traveler returns. 
He w.ns the father of Chancellor Carpenter, and at 
his death left a wife and two sons to mourn his 
loss. One of the latter, the subject of this sketch, 
was born after the fallier's death. The children 
were George T. arid Prof. William .1. Carpenter, of 
California. Their mother, whose maiden name was 
Mary Kurtz, belonged to one of the old and res- 
pected families of Pennsylvania, and was a daugh- 
ter of .Tacob and Elizabeth (Enlow) Kurtz, Her 
father, as his name would indicate, was of German 
extraction. Her mother was a cousin of Abraham 
Lincoln. Seven years after the death of 
Carpenter, his widow married Jacob Huffaker, and 
wiih him removed to Bureau County, 111., in 1842, 
where a home was made and four more children 
added to the famiij-. 

[Subjected to the hardships and privations inci- 
dent to the settling of a new country, our subject 
made the most of his opportunities, which at best 
were few in his earlier days. However, manliness, 
a strong determination to succeed, and an honora- 
ble, u|)riglit course, marked his boyhood effoits 
and his rapid advancement in the district schools 
warranted his attending Princeton Academy, then 
under the management of Prof. .lames Smith, a 
deacon in tl.e church of Owen Lovejoy, whose 
brother died a martyr to the principles of freedom 
of speech and of tlic press. During his academic 
course Mr. Carpenter supported himself largely by 
manual labor, one of the tasks performed and now 
on record being "Ofteen cords of wood sawed for 
Mr. Lovejoy's church." His rclij.'ious training was 
not neglected in his education. Both parents were 
at one time members of tiie Baptist Church, but 
becoming couvincetl that llie teachings of tiie 
Church of Christ were in harmony with the New 
'i'l'stament [tlan of salvation, the mother united 
with that denomination and was a lirui and faithful 
member until death. Mr. Carpenter was liaplized 
near Dover, III., and united with liie same church. 
The following year he came to Iowa and taught his 
first school in Greenlnish, Warren Count}-, where 
he also made his fiist effort to preach the Gospel. 
Having returned to Illinois, he taught for two 
terms in his home district, receiving an advance in 

salary for the second term and a iiromise of a still • 
greater increase if he would accept the position for 
a third term. A desire to better prepare himself 
for an educator led him to decline the offer and 
enter Abingdon College, from which he was gradu- 
ated in the class of '59. His standing as a student 
is best shown by the fact that at the completion of 
both his academic ami collegiate courses, he was 
granted the honor of delivering the valedictory. 
Toward the close of his college course he was cm- 
ployed as tutor in the cla.ssics. In connection with 
his literary researches, he had been nuiking a clofc 
study of the Bible, ap.d the same year of his grada- 
tion he was ordained to the Christian ministry-. 

Prof. Carpenter was now read3' to enter upon a 
business career. For two j'ears he was eng.aged in 
preaching and teaching in Winterset, Iowa, when, 
in 1861, he and his brother were called to open and 
conduct Oskaloosa College, with which he was con- 
nected fur the succeeding twent}' 3'ears, the greater 
part of the time as its Presi. lent. He was one of 
the most proficient instructors ever in charge of 
thai school, and under his able management the 
college soon took rank among the best institutions 
of the kind in the .State. Mr. Carpenter has been 
entrusted with some responsible positions in the 
fields of education, politics and finance. For many 
years he was editor-in chief of the ('hrisfian Ecnn- 
yelitil; in 1873 he was appointed United States 
Honorary Commissioner to the World's Fair in 
Vienna, Austria, and is now President of the Mer- 
chants' and Banker's Insurance Conip.any, besides 
being interested in other business enterprises. It 
is often said that college professors know not 
enough about business affairs to furnish their own 
tables, but if this be true. Chancellor Cariienter is a 
marked exception to the general rule, as he can 
analyze business i)roi)osilions as accurately as he 
can a sentence in (u'cek. 

For a ccmipanion in life Mr. Carpenter chose 
.Miss Henrietta T. Drake, a lady of splendid ac- 
complishments and a native of Ft. Madison, Iowa. 
She is a daughter of Judge John A. Drake, of 
Drakeville. Iowa, so widely aiul favorably km>wn 
throughout tiie State. Of the four children born 
of their union three are graduates of the Drake 
Lniversity — lohn I)., the eldest, is .assistant secre- 



tary of the Merchants' and Bankers' Insurance 
Company; Mary A. is assistant editor of the 
Christian Orac/c, published at Ciucago; Henrietta 
I)., a graduate of tiie Boston School of Oratory, is 
tiie teacher of elocution and calisthenics in Drake 
I'niversit}-; and Jennie is at home. 

Monuments are generally erected to the memory 
of men who have passed awa}-, but Chancellor 
Carpenter has erected his own monument, but not 
one that alone commemorates his noble deeds. 
This magnificent structure is nothing less than 
Drake Tniversity. To Mr. Carpenter more than to 
any other one man is the establishment and rapid 
growth of that splendid institution due. For many 
3'ears it had been the cherished ho|)0 to found a 
schgol worthy the name of universitj', but not 
until 1880 did the opiiortunity present itself. 
With the assistance of Elder D. R. Lucas, and 
others, the school was founded in 1881, and in 
honor of Gen. F. M. Drake, of Cenlerville, Iowa, 
the princely donor, it was named Drake rniversity. 
Tlie eity of Des Moines was selected as the site for 
the school on account of its central location, its 
beauty and its general healthfuluess. I'lion the 
establishment 'of the school, Mr. Carpenter was 
chosen Chancellor, and to his assistance were 
called educators of ability and reputation. It may 
be truly said tiiat no institution in the State has a 
stronger faculty than Drake I'niversity. Though 
in its infancy, it embraces eight colleges — College 
of Letters and Science, Bible College, Business 
College, College of Music. Art School, Normal 
School, Law College, and College of Medicine and 
i'iiarmac}'. In the several dei)artnients there arc 
more than fifty instructors, and the cnrollnicnl fur 
the year 1888-8'J reached seven hundred and forty. 
Drake University is under the control of the Cliris- 
tiiui Church, but built on a broad and liberal 
foundation, it throws wide its doors to all of what- 
ever sex, nation or belief. The success of this 
institution is a Mattering coni|)liment to its chan- 

Mr. Carpenter has taken some inteicst in great 
political questions, especially on the; subject of 
Prohibition. In 1879, he was unanimously nomi- 
nated by the Trohibition Convention assembled in 
Cedar Rapids for Govcrtior of the State of Iowa, 

but he declined the honor, as it would lead him 
from his chosen calling. His authorship is limited 
to lectures and numerous letters, interesting and 
ably written, on subjects concerning his tour 
through Europe; a small work entitled "The Bible 
vs Spiritualism," and the '-Destiny of the Wicked," 
a book of some si.\ hundred pages, being a joint 
discussion l)etween himself and the Ucv. .lohn 
Hughs, Universalist. 

I Justice of Iowa, and a member of the law 
firm of Phillips, Day & Crosby, of Des 
(vS| Moines, was born in Jefferson County, 
Ohio, on the 28tli of .lune, 1832, and is a son of 
George and Sarah Day. The family is of English 
descent, and was foun led in America during the 
early history of our counlr^-. George Da}', father 
of our subject, was a native of Mar3-land, whence 
in early life he removed to Ohio, where he became 
acquainted with and married Miss Sarah (;:iuible, a 
native of Lycoming County, Pa., of Irish extrac- 

In his native State our suliject spent the days of 
his boyhood and 3'Outh, his early life being un- 
marked by any event of s[)ecial importance. His 
literary educaticui .vas received in Richmond Acad- 
emy, after which he entered the Cincinnati Law 
School, being graduated from that institution in 
the class of '.07. Immediatel}' after receiving his 
degree he came to Iowa,- settling in Afton, I'nion 
County, in the spring. He at once opened a law 
ollice, and carried on a successful legal business 
until 1800, when he removed to Sidney, Fremont 
County. He was but fairly launched in practice 
at that place when the late war broke out, and in 
the fall of 1861 he left his home to enter the ser- 
vice as Lieutenant of Company F, Fifteenth Iowa 
Infantry. For meritorious conduct he was pro- 
moted to the rank of Captain, and participated 
in many of the hard fought battles of the war. 
At the battfe of Shiloh, on the Gth of April, 1862, 
he received a gun shot wound in the hip, which 
caused him to resign his commission in September 



While on the fieUl at Corinth, Capt. Day was 
nominated by the Republicans for the ollice of 
Judge of the District Court, and was elected in the 
fall of 1862, following his return from the war. 
The-ability with which he dischnrged his duties led 
to his re-election, and he served on the bench of 
the district court until June, 1870, when he re- 
signed to accept the appointment of Chief Justice 
of the Supreme Court of Iowa, to fill a vacancy 
caused by the resignation of Chief Justice Georgtf 
C. Wright, who had been elected to the United 
States Senate. Capt. D.ay was nominated for the 
position at a convention held previous to his ap- 
pointment, and was elected Chief Justice in the 
fall of 1870, and by re-elections filled that office 
until January 1, 1884. covering a period of thir- 
teen years. In the f.all previous he had been a 
candidate for the election, but was defeated on 
account of a celebrated opinion rendered by him 
in regard to the prohibition amendment to the 
Iowa Slate Constitution, which was adopted in 
1882. AVithout regard to personal or political 
sentiment. Judge Day declared, as a lawyer, that 
the amendment had not been legally ratified. He 
IrM that the amenilment could be properly estab- 
lished, and that the delay necessary to that end 
was a less misfortune than the violation of the 
constitution. In this he was sustained by the 
sound legal voice of the State, but popular will 
triumphed over legal methods. 

On retiring from the office of Chief Justice, 
Jud^e Day removed to Des Moines and formed 
the existing partnership with Judge William Phil- 
lips, since which time he has been actively en- 
gaged in the practice of his profession. The firm 
of Phillips & D.iy was formed January 1, 1884, 
and is recognized as one of the leading law firms 
of the State. Since the admission of W. B. Crosby 
to partnershi|), in December, 188!), the style of the 
firm has been Phillips, Day & Crosby. 

On the 1st of December, 18.57, in Jefferson 
Count}', Ohio, a marriage ceremony united the 
destinies of James Gamble Day and Minerva C. 
Manic}', who now for almost a third of a century 
have traveled life's journey together. The lad}' 
was born in .Mlegheny City. Pa., but in early 
childhood accompanied her father, .loshua Mauley. 

Esq., to Jefferson County. Ohio. Seven chililren, 
six sons and a daughter, grace their union, while 
an infant son lies sleeping in the churchyard. 
Curtis L., the first born, was graduated from tlie 
Iowa City College and Law School, and is now a 
practicing attorney of Omaha; George, who was 
graduated from Tabor College, of Tabor, Iowa, 
and fi'om the law department of the State Univer- 
sity, married Miss Sarah Brown, and is now en- 
gaged in practice as a partner of his elder brother; 
Mary, the only daughter, who is also a graduate 
of Tabor College, is the wife of Edmond B. Edgar, 
an attorney of Redfield, S. D. ; Charles M., also a 
Tabor College graduate, married Miss Annie 
Davenport, and is one of the editors of the Sioux 
Falls Argil a- Leader; Harry B., who was educated 
in the Ames Agricultural College, making a spe- 
cial study of electrical engineering, was graduated 
in the class of '89, and is now residing in Des 
Moines, where he is employed as an electrician; 
Edwin S. and James G. are students in the Des 
Moines I'niversity; and John Jlatthew, the young- 
est, died in infancy. 

Judge Day and Ins wife are members of the 
Presbyterian Church. In politics, the Judge is a 
stanch Republican, and socially, is a member of 
Crocker Post, No. 12, G. A. R., and the Loyal 
Legion of the United States. As a jurist he ranks 
among the best of the profession in Iowa, and his 
opinions, which are the result of careful investiga- 
tion and based on a thorough knowledge of law, 
are always received with confidence and respect in 
court or council. Candid and sincere by nature. 
and possessed of a genial, courteous manner, Judge 
Day wins and holds a firm place in the hearts of 
the best people with whom he comes iu contact 
either in business or social intercourse. 

A portrait of Judge Day is presented on another 
page of this volume. 

(ji^DWIN W. GARBERICH, M. D., homeo- 
fe pathic physician and surgeon of Des Jloines, 
\ ^ established practice in this city October 1, 
1878. He is n native of Lebanon County. Pa., his 
birth having occurred on the 21th of July, 1842. 



Tlie first American ancestor of the family was An- 
drew Garbericli, who emigrated from Rotterdam, 
Holland, to Pennsylvania, and settled in Leliar.on 
County', in 1751. He was the great-irrand father 
of our subject. The Doctor's grandfather was 
Philip Garbericli, and his father Daniel Garber- 
ich, who has been five years a resident of Des 
Moines, married Klizabeth AVise, and unto them 
were born four sons, the Doctor being the eldest. 
Allen D., the second, who enlisted in the late war 
as a membrr of the One Hundred and Twcnt}' 
seventh Pennsylvania Regiment, died in the hos- 
l)ital near Alexandria, A'a., in the 3-ear 18()2; Philip 
is a traveling salesman for the well known music 
firm of Lyon & Ilealy, and represents the Nebraska 
store; Prof. Lyman S., the j'oungest son, is a grad- 
uate of the Lei[)sic Conservatory of Music, and is 
now a resident of Des Moines, where he is engaged 
in teaching music. 

Dr. Garbericli was reared on a farm, and his 
earl3' education was supplied by an excellent pub- 
lic school. After completing an academic course 
of stud\' he engaged in teaching a few terms. He 
determined to fit himself for the medical profession 
and devoted his leisure time to the stiidy of medi- 
cal works. In April, 1861, he continued hjs 
studies, under Dr. J. B. Herring, of IMeclianics- 
burg, but the AVar of the Rebellion broke out 
about that time and, 3'ielding to the patriotic sen- 
timent that imbued the people of the North when 
the life of the nation was threatened, ho decided 
to go forth to battle for the old flag. Three 
months after he had entered uiion the course of a 
medical student, he laid aside his books and en- 
rolled his name as a member of Company E, One 
Hundred and Tweutj'-seventh Pennsylvania In- 
fantry. For about nine rponths he served as n» 
private and was then promoted to the rank of First 
Lieutenant of Company D, Forty-eighth Penn.syl- 
vania State Guards. He participated in the battles 
of Fredericksljurg and Cliancellorsville, under Gens. 
Burnside and Hooker. He resumed his medical 
studies in the fall of 1863, and entered the medical 
department of the I'niversity of Pennsylvania, in 
Philadelphia, from which institution he was grad- 
uated in 1865. Soon after completing his course, he 
located in New Kingston, ne;ir Harrisburg, Pa., 

where he engaged in practice from April, 1865, 
until Sei)tember, 1886, when he removed to Me- 
clianicsburg, in the same State. He remained there 
until September, 1878, when he came to Des 
Moines. The Doctor came to Iowa in the spring 
of that 3'ear with a view of selecting a favorable 
situation, as he had determined to locate in the 
West, where opportunities for advancement prom- 
ised better than in the older States of the l-'.ast. 
He visited Des Moines and, beiug pleased with the 
city, determined to locate here, which decision he 
carried into effect iinmediatel3-. Dr. Garbericli, 
b3' his skill as a physician, his cordial and genial 
'disposition and his enterprise as a citizen, has made 
a large circle of friends, and his practice is a large 
and growing one. 

The Doctor's wife, wiiom he married in Pennsyl- 
vania, was formerly Miss Mary E. Brandt, a native 
of York 'County, Pa. Her f^ither is deceased, and 
the mother came to Des Moines in the fall of 1878, 
and is still residing in this city, as a member of 
the Doctor's f am 113'. 

ROF. HENRY D. McANENEY, Principal 
of the Business College of Drakel'niversity, 
was b(jrn in Piqua, Miama County, Ohio, 
March 18, 1858, and is a son of William A. 
and Anne (Dowd) McAneney, both of whom were 
natives of Ireland. The father was born in Dublin, 
In 1831, and was a son of an extensive land owner 
of that country. AYhen a young man he came to 
the United States, locating in Rochester, N.Y. The 
mother was born in Wicklow, in 1833, and also 
belonged to one of the substantial families of the 
land. Her great-grandfather, Mr. Plunkett, served 
as a General in the Revolution of 1798, when Ire- 
land sought her freedom. When a young lady of 
nineteen years, Miss Dowd came to America to join 
her brothers in New York, afterward removing 
with them to Rochester, where she again met Will- 
iam A. McAnenev, whom she had known in Ire- 
land. Here she and Mr. McAneney were manied. 
After residing in the ICnipire State for : time, tlie3- 



removed to Ohio, residing in I'rbana, Piqua and 
Miaruisburg bucccssively. In 1872, tliej' removed 
to Southern Wisconsin, and tiic fullowing 3 ear be- 
came residents of Eastern Pottawattamie Count}-, 
Iowa, wliere tlie\- reside(l until 1 888. again removing 
to a farm near Atlantic, where they still reside- 
In 18Gt, the husband enlisted in C'omiian}- A, One 
Hundred and Eigiitj'-seventli Ohio Uegiment, with 
which he served until the olose uf the war, iiartici- 
pating in some of the hardest fought battles. 
When he entered the service he was a supporter of 
the Democratic party, but ere he received his dis- 
charge he had become a stalwart Republican. He 
is in heart\- sympathy with the struggling people* 
of his native isle who are contending for their 
natuial rights and both he and his wife are mem- 
bers of the Catholic Church. In their family are 
six children, four sons and two daughters: John F. 
is in the iniplenient jjusiness in Atlantic, Iowa; 
William and Thomas are bookkeepers for large 
lirms in Chicago; and the other sou is Prof. Henry, 
who is the eldest. 

Our subject prepared himself U>v public school 
work which profession he followed three years and 
then took a course in the Eastman National Busi- 
ness College of Poughkeepsie, N. Y., graduating in 
1883. Ui)on the close of his school life he became 
l)ook-keepcr for Boyle ik Co., of Council Bluffs, 
and subsequently' was cashier in the wholesale 
clothing house of Hcnrj- Eisman & Co., but re- 
signed that position to become head book-keeper 
for Dcvol & AVright, one of the largest wholesale 
hardware firms of that city. Mr. McAneney gained 
an enviable reputation .as an accountant and in 
•lanuarj'. 1884, was tendered a position as instructor 
in the Business College of Drake ruiversily, and 
the following year was made principal. He has 
always been a diligent and earnest student and in 
connection with his professional work has almost 
completed the philosophical course in the Univer- 
sit^'-from which he will take the degree of A. B., 
this j'car. He is a young man of strong mental 
force, untiring energy and fine ability, and has won 
recognition as an able instructor from some of the 
most noted educators of the countr}'. In p0litic.1l 
sentiment he is a Republican, entertaining strong 
prohibition sentiments. 

On the 29th of December, 1888. Prof. McAneney 
was united in marriage with Miss Kittle A. Wood- 
worth, who was born in Strj'ker, Ohio, April 28, 
1867. One child, a lovel}' girl, has blessed this 
union. Both the Professor and his wife are earnest 
and faithful niembeis of the Christian Church. Mrs. 
McAneney is a lad}' of educ.itiou, refinement and 
culture, and a musician of artistic al)ility. !She has 
taken a four years' course in the Conservator}' of 
Music of Drake rniversity. She is in full sympa- 
thy with the work of her husband and is a valuable 
aid in all his efforts. 

O.SllUA GE.SNER HILL. M. I)., of l)e>< 
Moines, has been engage<l in the practice of 
medicine in this city since 1878, and ranks 
deservedl}- high amongst his professional 
brethren of Polk County. A native of Ohio, he 
was born in Shelby County, on the 4th of July, 
1842, and is the son of Joshua Hill, a native of 
Virginia. When our suljject a boy, his father 
removed with his family to Illinois, but subse- 
quently returned to Ohio, and a number of years 
later, .accompanied by his children, came to Iowa, 
locating in Guthrie Center, where he died a num- 
ber of years ago at the adv.inced age of eighty- 
four. His wife died in 18G2, while a resident of 
Illinois. They were the [tarents of fifteen chil- 
dren, eight sons and seven daughters, six of that 
number still living, namely: James (}., of Iowa 
City; Henry, of Peoria County, 111.; Dr. J. G.; 
Caleb, Charlotte and Harriet. Two of the chil- 
dren died in infancy, but the other members of the 
family reached mature years. Four of the brothers 
served their country in the War of the Rebellion, 
and another sou, Ephraini S., raised a eoiiii)ary, 
but illness prevented him from entering the serv- 
ice. He was a lawyer by puofession, and died in 
Cedar Rapids, Iowa, in 1880. John L. was Cap- 
tain of Company A, Si.xtieth Ohio Regiment, in 
which he served until taken prisoner at Harper's 
Ferry, when that place was surrendered to the 
Canfederates by Gen. Miles. He was parolctl .and 



retuvneil home, .and rpcniitecl and ortrani/.ed tlic 
Twenty-fourth Oliio llattciy, and as its coniinandi'i- 
re-enteied the service, reninining until the close of 
tlie war. lie died in Waverly, Ohio, in Kehruai y, 
1889. from disease contracted in the army. Henry 
served in an Illinois regiment during the latter 
part of the struggle, and our subject ;tlso enlisted 
in the defense of the Union on tlie 1 2th of -hme, 
18(12, as a memlier of Company K, .Sixly-eighth 
Illinois Infantry. 

The Doctor received his piimary education in 
tile public schools of Peoria County, III., and sub- 
sequently pinsued an academic course of study in 
Cliillicothe Academy. Wiien quite young, it be- 
came his desire to make the practice of medicine 
his life work, and at an early age he liegan fitting 
himself for that end. lie was graduated from the 
Eclectic Medical Institute, of Cincinnati, in 1878, 
and afterward was for some time prominently 
(*onnected with the medical department of Drake 
I'niversity. The necessary labor attending that 
position, added to his large general [)ractico,so im- 
paircil his health that a change of climate and less 
ardnous (hities were deemed necessary to his res- 
toration, and in April, 188,5, he went to Los An- 
geles, Cal., where he remained about a j'car, at the 
end of which time he returned to Des Moines and 
resumed his professional laliors. 

The Doctor was married, in Galesburg, 111., to 
Miss Edith H. Owen, a daughter of John JI. Owen, 
and unto them has been born a daughter, Fannie. 
Dr. Hill is a popular and successful physician, and 
as a citizen is highly respected and esteemed. A 
large general practice yields him a good income 
and indicates the confidence rejiosed in his skill 
ar>d ability. He is a member of the United States 
Pension Board, of Des ^loines. 

^( AMES L. SCOTT, who is now living a re- 
tired life in Des Moines, is numbered among 
the honored pioneers of the .State, having 
first visited Iowa during its territorial d.ays 
in 1834. He was prominently connected with the 
early history of several of its counties, and 

throughout his entire life has been an active and 
enterprising citizen, doing all in his power for the 
advancement of the best interests of the State 
wdiich he adopted for his home more than half a 
a ceutiuy ago. 

Mr. Scott was born in Giles County, Tenn., 
January 12, 1813, and; is of Scottish descent, his 
great-grandfather, the original American ancestor, 
having emigrated from Scotland to this countr}' in 
a very early day. John Scott, was the grandfather 
of our subject, and when hi.s son, Andrew, (the 
father of James,) was a young lail, removed from 
his home in North Carolina .to Tennessee. The 
maternal grand p;irents, Caleb and Hannah Longest, 
were of English descent. 

Andrew Scott united in marriage with Anna 
Longest, in the State of Tennessee, whence 
they removed to Crawford Count3', Ind., during 
the infancy of (uir suliject. In 1819, they became 
residents of Sangamon County, 111., where they 
spent the lemainder of their lives, the father dj'ing 
in 18.");), the mother in 185.J. They were the parents 
of eleven children, five sons and six daughters, all 
of whom lived to mature years. 

James L. Scott, whose name heads this notice, 
was the third in order of birth in the numerous 
family of which he is a member, and is the oldest 
surviving. His early life spent in the usual 
manner of farmer lads, and in the days of his early 
manhood he became a pioneer of the Territory of 
Iowa. He first crossed the Mississippi River at 
Burlington in the fall of 1834, being oneofaparty 
of five who explored the country with a view of 
making a location. He returned to Illinois, how- 
ever, without deciding upon a phtce of settlement, 
but in the fall of 1835, again crossed the Father of 
Waters and made a claim of a half section of laud 
in Lee County. He resided upon hiS claim duiing 
the following winter, but when spring came he 
pLaccd it in the hands of Sam Weaver with in- 
structions to sell it to the best possible advantage, as 
he decided togo to the minesof Wisconson. 
For a j-car and a half Mr. Scott remained in the 
mining country of Southwestern Wisconsin, and 
then returned to his home in Sangamon County, 
where he attended school until 1838, when he 
again canu; to Iowa. lie made aclaim in.lelTersnn 



County, on wliieli he settled, continuing there to 
make liis home for some time. l")uring tlie winter 
of 1838-9, the county wns organized and he was 
elected its first sheriflf, and twice re-elected to the 
same position. He took the first census of Jeffer- 
son Count}' in 1840, and prominently iden- 
tified with the early history ^f that communilj'. 

In the month of October, 1839, a wedding cere- 
'mony was performed in .lefferson County, the con- 
tracting parties being .lames L. Scott and Jliss 
Mary Ann Gilrtier. The lady was boin in Adair 
County, Ky., December 18, 1818, and with her 
patents, .Tames and Elizabeth (Tilford) Gilmer, 
came to .Jefferson Count}' in the spring of 1838. 
Mr. Gilmer and his sons entered large tracts of land 
in that section, and he and his wife continued there 
to reside upon their farm until death. They were 
parents of four children, two sons and two 
daugiilers, who attained to mature j'ears. Ben- 
jamin F., the eldest, removed from Kentuck}- to Illi- 
nois, and engaged in the mercantile business in 
McDonough Count}-. He afterwards followed the 
same business in Jefferson County, Iowa, where 
his death occurred in 1846. Mrs. Jane Ross re- 
sides in Fairfield, Iowa. Robert T. married Anna 
Scott, a sister of our subject and resides in F"air- 
field. ]\Irs. Scott completes the family. 

A third of a century has passed since James L. 
Scott, accompanied by his family, settled in Polk 
County. For eleven years they were residents of 
Des Moines, but at the end of that time our sub- 
ject resumed farming in Bloomfield Township, that 
occupation having occupied the greater part of his 
business career. For twenty years he devoted his 
energies to the development and improvement of 
his land, but at length returned to the city, where 
lie and his estimable wife are now living a retired 
life, their pleasant home being situated in the first 
addition to University Phce. 

Twelve childi-en were born to this woithy couple, 
si.\ of whom are living, namely: Mrs. SanianthaC. 
Kmbry; Mrs. Iowa E. McEIdery; Dick, a resident 
of Kansas City, Mo.; Frank, whose home is in 
Austin, Texa.s;Caleb D. at home; and ]\Irs. Mary 
Olive Bolinger of Afton, Union County, Iowa. 
The other children all died in childhood, with the 
exception of Annex Texas, who wns an invalid for 

many years and died al tlie age of thirty, and 
Wilson A. who died in Des Moines December 15, 
1889, aged thirty-three years. 

Mr. and Mrs. Scott are numbered among the well- 
known citizens of Des Moines and honored pioneers 
of Iowa, whose growth they have witnessed from 
its early infancy, until it takes a front rank among 
the sister States of the Union. Their long residence 
in the .State has brought them many acquaintances, 
and their upright lives have won them many warm 
friends. They are consistent and faithful members 
of the Christian Church. 

rsSELL M. DiiWITT, M.D., who was a 
faithful soldier in the late war and is an 
ili v. honored member of the medical fraternity 
of Polk County, w.asborn in Auburn. Cayuga 
County, N. Y., on tiie 8th of November, 1849, and 
is of Holland descent. He traces his ancestry in 
direct line back to John DeWitt, an exile from 
Holland, who to secure freedom crossed the At- 
lantic and settled on tlie banks of the Mohawk 
River in the seventeenth century. M.atthcw De- 
Witt, the grandfather of our subject, was an exten- 
sive landowner of the Em|)lre State, and served his 
country as a soldier in the War of 1812, liolding a 
high command. He married Jane Ammermon, 
and unto them w6re born eight children, five sons 
and three daughters. The sons all became minis- 
ters of the Baptist Church, one being the noted 
evangelist, II. G. DeWitt, who by his noble efforts 
in promoting the Master's work won a wide repu- 

.lames A. DeWitt, the father of the Doctor, was 
I)orn near Auburn, N. Y., March 4, 1814, and was 
educated for the ministry, wliich he m.ade his life 
work. In his native city he married Miss Phiebe 
Slreeten a n.ative of Cayuga County, N. Y., born 
M.ay 4, 1818, and a d.aughter of Benjamin and 
Abigail (.Spaulding) Streeter. Her father com- 
manded a battery in the War of 1812, and was a 
meml)er of the General Assembly of New York. 
When the late war broke out Mr. DeWitt in- 



stnimental in raising troops, and ur.uh- man}- pub- 
lic speeches in >vder to induce soldiers to enlist. 
He was among the 6rst to enroll his name as a 
defender of his country, his name heading the 
list of the company which he raised, while the 
second name tliat of his son, John M,,w+io was 
then but sixteen years of age, and wlio w-as after- 
wanl jiromoted to the rank of First- Lieutenant 
in recognition of gallantry displayed on the field 
of battle. He was captured at iMonocacy Junction, 
July 9, 1864, and ilied in the rebel prison at Dan- 
ville, \'a., April 10, 1865. It is supposed that he 
with others were poisoned by the Confederates, for 
one hundred and eleven died the same night in 
that prison. The Rev.Mr.DeWitt served as Chaplain 
of the Ninth New York Heavy Artillery, and was 
twice wounded by going to the front in order to 
relieve the sufferings of those who were lying in- 
jincd on the field. On several occasions he shoul- 
dered his gun and entered the charge. He labored 
so incessantly and assiduously that his iicallh failed 
him, and he left the service at the close of the war 
an invalid, never afterward recovering his health. 
In 1866 he removed to Jlichigan, and seven years 
later became a resident of 0'P>rien County, Iowa, 
where his death occurred in 187i). His life was 
such that he won the regard of all with whom he 
came in contact, and of him it may truly be said 
that the world is better for his having lived. His 
excellent wife died at the home of our subject in 
1886. In their family were six children, five sons 
and a daughter; two of the sons are now deceased. 
Those living are: Charles H., a physician of Lucas, 
Iowa; Willard W., a druggist of Peterson, Iowa; 
the Doctor, and Abigail J. Wooley, now living at 
Wichita, Kan. 

Our subject received his early education in the 
old subscription schools, and though not yet thir- 
teen years of age, on the 21st of July, 1862, he 
tried to enlist in the service of his country, which 
was then engaged in the Civil War. .The I'nited 
Slates enlisting officer, however, refused to muster 
him into the service, so he remained at Auburn, 
acting as drummer boy at the State ren<lezvous. 
At length, through the inlluenee of W. H. Seward, 
Jr., who was then Colonel of the Ninth Heavy 
Artillery, on the 7lh of April, 1861. he was mus- 

tered into the regular service as a member of Com- 
pany C, by a special order of President Lincoln, 
which the Doctor still has in his possession. He 
had practically done duly for his country from 
1862 until that tinio. but his first retrular eniiasrc- 
mcnt occurred at Spottsylvania. He had carried a 
gun in thirteen battles before he was fifteen year* 
of age, and altogether was in some twenty-five 
battles and numerous skirmishes. On his fifteenth 
birthday, November 8, 1861, he was detailed as 
orderly on the staff of Gen. Sheridan, and was 
relieved the following April on account of sick- 

After being mustered out in July, 1865, Mr. 
DeWill returned to his home and resumed work on 
his father's farm. He acquired his education by 
study in his leisure hours and at night, after which 
he engaged in teaching. In that way he helped 
his parents to !)a3' for their home, and assisted in 
the sup[iort of the family. So liberally did he give 
of his earnings that oftentimes he had hardly sulli- 
cient clothing, yet he always managed to save from 
his earnings a little sum to invest in books. 
After teaching for a time his health failed him and 
he went to Northern Michigan, where he worked 
in the pineries and located a land-warrant which he 
had received from his grandfather. At length he 
made choice of the medical profession as one 
which he believed he could willingly follow 
throughout life, and began his studies with Dr. 
W. W. Whitford, of Coldwater, Mich., after 
which he attended a coiu'se of lectures at the State 
University in Ann Arbor, in 1869. The following 
year he located in O'Brien Count3-, Iowa, being 
among its pioneer settlers, as there were only 
twelve voters in the county on his arrival. He 
there eng.aged in teaching, dealing in real estate 
and in studying medicine, and in 1877 was gradu- 
ated from the Keokuk Medical College. 

On the Slh of May, 1878, Dr. DeWitt married 
Miss Lora E. Taylor, a native of Ml. Pleasant, 
Iowa, and unto them have been born two children 
• —Russell M. and C'live E, The year previous the 
Doctor located in Lucas, Iowa, whence he came to 
Des Moines in 1883. He was IMedical Director of 
the Grand Army of the Republic, Department of 
Iowa, in 1888 and 1889, and was Surgeon General 



of llie Grand Anu.y of Ibe Kcpulilic (lining the 
adminislralion of William Warner, being elected 
to that position in Cohinilms, Ohio, in September, 
1888. He belongs to the Polk Count}- and the 
State INIedical Societies, socially is a Knight of 
Pytliias, and in political sentiment is a stanch 
Republican. Dr. DeWitt has now been engaged in 
practice for twelve years, and is an honor to the 
profession. He is recognized as one of the leading 
idiysiciaiis of Des Moines, and the confidence 
placed in him is indicated by the liberal patronage 
which he receives. In 1889, he was appointed a 
member of the Board of Medical Examiners of the 
Pension JJepartment in Washington, D. C. 

tr successful real-estate dealers of Dcs Moines 
^l vrt was born in Somersetshire, England, on the 
^p; 10th of October, 1830, and is a son of 
Richard JIarquis, who was a native of the same 
county and a well-to-do miller and farmer. His 
mother, whose maiden name was Susan Luffman, was 
also born in .Somersetshire, and is still living on the 
old homuitead at a very advanced age. Like her 
husband, who died a number of years ago, she is a 
memljer of the Established Church of England. 
Their family consisted of live children, three sons 
and two daughters, two of whom came to America 
—John L., who died in Louisville. K}'., leaving a 
wife and five children; and our subject. 

Richard W. Marquis, whose name heads this 
notice, roared to manhood in the village of 
Rimpton, England, and acquired his education in 
private schools. When a iad of fourteen years, he 
was apprenticed to the miller's trade at which he 
served a term of seven years, becoming an expert 
miller. He crossed the Atlantic to America in 
18r)2, to visit relatives residing in Ohio, but with 
nointcntion of making this country his future home. 
He was about ready to return but circumstances 
prolonged his stay until he abandoned the idea of 
returning In his native land. Having traveled for 
a time, lie then took charge of the Bay City Mills, 
at Sandusky, Ohio, wlieie lie remained until l.H.5(). 

On the 13th day of October, of the year previous, 
Mr. Marqids was united in marriage with Miss 
Jerene A. .lones, a distant relative of the .Tohn 
Sherman family and a native of Erie County. Ohio, 
born April 3, 1838. They had three children — 
Earl L., who died at the age of thirteen jears; 
V.'alier C. a traveling salesman; and Sherman G. 
who died in infancy. Mr. Marquis continued the 
operation of various mills in Milan, West Libert}- 
anfl Riplc}-, and was quite successful in his business 
pursuits. Returning to Milan on a visit, the death 
of his wife occurred January 10, 186.5. About 
two years later, on thefl/th of Februar}-, 1867, he 
wedded Mary F. Thompson, a native of Riplej', 
Ohio. Her father, Haden Thompson, was an old 
river captain who plied his boat, the "Des Moines," 
when only a fort marked the site of the present 
beautiful capital city of Iowa. Her mother was a 
daughter of Thomas Kirkwood, Governor of Iowa. 
In 1870. Mr. Marquis located temporarily in 
Des Moines for the purpose of looking after his 
farming lands which he had acquired in that vicin- 
itj-. For several years he spent his summers in 
this city and bis winters in Ohio, and it was not 
until 1875, that he made a permanent location in 
Polk Count}-. He has been connected with a num- 
ber of leading business interests of Des Moines. f^)r 
a time was a member of the wholesale firm of Watt 
ife Co., then operated a wholesale an<l retail grocery 
store for his own interests and sulisequently en- 
gaged in merchandising as a dealer in dry goods 
with T. Bethel. He embarked in his present bus- 
iness as a real-estate dealer in 1878 but for some lime 
has devoted all his attention to his • own property 
and the loan business. Enterprising and progres- 
sive, his has been a very active life and possessing 
great sagacity and excellent judgment, he has met 
with excellejit success in his efforts. In 1885, he 
was instrumental in organizing the Dcs Moines 
Loan and Trust Company, of which he has since 
been a director; has also served in the capacity of 
vice-president and for four years was a member of 
the loan committee. He assisted in the organiza- 
tion of the St. Clair Manufacturing Company and 
is now serving as its prcsiilent. Mr. Marquis has 
been a member of the Odd Fellows Society for 
twenty-live years and has supjiorted the Rei)ul)lican 

/^)4^^:»x^<^ ^ ,.a2l-^J^^t7~- 



[larty nearly tliirty years, but during Uiat time 
has never sought pulilic office. Both he and his 
wife are members of the Presbyterian Cliuroii and 
in llie soeial wtnld are held in high regard. Their 
family numbers five ciiildren, namelj': Waller ('. a 
commercial traveler also engaged in the retail dry- 
goods business in Des IMoines; Richard H., a trav- 
elling salesman ; Alice A., a graduate of Callanan 
College; Addie G. and Clifford S. 

Of this world's goods l\rr. Marquis has a sulTi- 
ciency. In addition to his extensive interests in 
Des Moines, he owns i)roperty in Marslualltown, 
Iowa. Ivipley, Ohio, and other points, all of which 
is but the result of his just dealing, a sound jiulg- 
mcnt and a [iropcr huslianding of the fruits of his 
own untiring efforts. 

ON. HIRAM Y.SMITH, senior member of 
Y the law firm of Smith tt' Morris, the oldest 
.^-^^ firm in the city of the legal profession in con- 
(^) linuous practice without change, is a native 
of Ohio. He was born in Piqua, Rliami County, 
March 22, 1843, and is a son of .John L. and Jlary 
A.J(Girard) Smith, whose sketches appear elsewhere 
in this work. He removed with his parents to 
Rock Island, HI., in April, 18.50, and there resided 
until the autumn of 1854. On the 2d of October, 
of that year he arrived with his parents in Des 
Moines. His father had erected, during the sum- 
mer a commodious dwelling for those days, situ- 
ated on the corner of West Walnut and Eighth 
Streets. The old home is still standing and is an 
historic relic of early times. The pine lumber used 
in its construction was hauled from Davenport. 

The subject of this sketch received a common- 
school education, and was a prominent member of 
a well-known debating socict}- that existed in this 
city for some time prior to the year 1861, holding 
its meetings in the brick schoolhouse then on the 
northeast corner of West Locust and Ninth Streets. 
During the winter of 1860-61 he taught school in 
the Guye schooliiouse, live miles north of Winter- 
set, Madison County. The following spring he 
eidisted in a cavalry com|)any raised by Judge 

John Mitchell, which was sworn into the State 
service. The Indians becoming troublesome in the 
northwestern part of Iowa, the conii)aiiy was sta- 
tioned near Sionx City, where it remained until 
late in the fall of that year, when it was transferred 
to Council Bluffs and disbanded a few weeks later 
in Des Moines. Karly in January, 1862, Mr. Smith appointed Caj'tain's clerk in the navy and 
ordered to re|K)rt on the I'uited States gunboat, 
"Kanawha" at the Brooklyn Xav\- Yard, which he 
did, but not being satisfied with the position, he re- 
signed and appointed to a clerkship in the 
Dead Letter Otiice of the Postoflico Department at 
Washington. He served in that position from the 
29th of January, 1862, until February 5, 1864, when 
he was promoted to a clerkship in the ollice of the 
Secrftary of the Treasur}', Treasury Department, 
which position he filled until August, 1865. He 
then I'esigned and entered the Albany Law School, 
from which he graduated in May, 1866. 

Having completed his legal studies, Mr. Smith 
immediately established himself in piactice in Des 
Moines as a partner of Joseph L3'raan, but the firm 
continued only until the fall of that year, when Mr. 
Lyman removed to Council Bluffs, Iowa. Mr. 
Smith then liecanie associated with E. J. Ingersoll 
under the firm name of Ingersoll & Smith and 
continued business until February', 1809, when the 
firm was dissolved, Mr. Ingersoll engaging in the 
insurance business. From time until Decera- 
bei% 1874, Mr. Smith was alone in i)ractice. At 
the latter date the existing partnership was formed 
with E. T. Morris, under the firm name of Smith 
& Morris, and has continued to the present time, 
May, 1890. In 1874 Mr. Smith was elected District 
Attorney for the Fifth Judicial District, which 
comprised six counties, Warren, Adair, Madison, 
(hilhrie, Dallas and Polk, and served four years, 
from January 1, 1875, until .lanuary 1, 1879. He elected State Senator from Polk County in the 
fall of 1881, and served in the Senate four ^-ears fn 
the Nineteenth and Twentieth General Assemblies. 
During the Nineteenth General Assembly he was 
C'haiiinan of the Committee on Judicial Districts, 
and in the Twentieth he was Chairman of the 
Joint Committee on Dedication of the New Capitol 
and Inauguration; the Republican Joint Caucus 



Committee, and the Committee on Tnsnrance. In ] 
the fall of 1884 he was elected a Representative to 
the Fortyeightli Congress to fill the vacancy 
caused by the resignation of tiie Hon. .John A. 
Kasson, who had been appointed Minister to Ger- 
nian}% and served during the second session of that 
Congress, during which he was a member of the 
Committee on Elections, one of the leading commit- 
tees of the House. 

Mr. Smitii was married in his native town on the 
lOtli of April, 1873. to Miss .Susan .Smiley, daugh- 
ter of Dr. H. H. Smiley of that place, and a native 
of Butler County, Ohio. She was reared under tlie 
auspices of the Presbyterian Churcli, of which she 
lias been a member for many years. Her mother 
died .Inly 28, 187'.), while visiting at Des Moines. 
Her fatlier is still a resident of Piqua, Ohio. Mr. 
and Mis. Smith have five ciiiklren, two sons and 
tliree daughters — Hugh Lawson, Gertrude Girard, 
Alma Martha, Marjorie, and Hiram Y., .Tr. 

On the 16th of May, 1868, Mr. Smith was made 
a Mason in Pioneer Lodge, No. 22, A. F. & A. ]\I., 
of this cit}% and has since lield membership with 
that fraternit3'. lie has taken the Royal Arch and 
Council degrees. He was Master of Pioneer Lodge 
in 1874, and Master of Capital Council, No. 
9, R. &S. Master Masons, in 1870 and 1871. In 
tlie latter year he was also elected to the second 
highest office in the Grand Council of Ro^'al and 
Select Master Masons of Iowa, and was Grand 
Mr.ster of the Grand Council two terras, from Oc- 
tober, 1872, to October, 1874. In politics he is a 
Republican and has done active service for the sup- 
port of his part3- principles. He served as Chair- 
man of tlie Reimblican Congressional Committee 
of this district in 1872 and 1873. As a lawyer he 
stands high in the profession and the firm of which 
he is a member has an extensive practice. Mr. 
Smith came to Des Moines in childhood and 
boen a resident of this city for thirty-six years. 
During that long period his iiiterconrse with his 
fellow-citizens has been marked by the strictest in- 
tegrit}' and a genial and courteous manner tliat has 
won him a wide circle of friends. He first sug- 
gested founding the public library in this city, 
wiiicii is now the Des Moines City Library. He 
circulated the first paper to secure membership 

thereof, and called the first meeting to effect an 
organization. In 1874 Mr. .Smith built and occu- 
pied the frame residence on the northeast corner of 
West Grand Avenue and Thirteenth Street, where 
he has since made his home. 

ATHKR M. FLAVIN, the well known pas- 
tor of .St. Ambrose Church, was born in 
County Waterford, Ireland, October 3J, 
1841. His primary education was acquired in Mt. 
Melar\- .Seminary, where he i)repared himself for 
college, after which he pursued a course in Carlow 
College, being graduated in philosophy and the 
English branches. It in 1869 that he severed 
all the sacred relations which bound him to his home 
and fatherland and set sail for the United States, 
to become a minister in this country. At .St. Vin- 
cents Theological Seminary, Cape Girardeau, Mo., 
he com|>leted his prc|)aration for the ministry, and 
in 1870 came to Des Moines to be ordained by the 
Bishop of Omaha, his being the only ordination 
that has ever occurred in this city. Not long 
afterward he accepted a call as an assistant in the 
Cathedral at Dubuque, where he remained a year, 
wlien he took charge of a parish at Cedar Falls. 
A short time afterward he was called to the pastor- 
ate of St. Anthony's Church at Davenport, Iowa. 
That church edifice w.-is the first one built of rock 
in the city, and it is one of the oldest churches of 
the diocese. While acting as p.istor of St. An- 
thony's he orgniiized the parish of St. Mary's, 
built a fine chuicii and parsonage, and gave it rank 
among the first congregations of the city. As 
soon as it was able to support its own pastor. 
Father Flavin accepted the appointment, and there 
labored until 1885, when he came to St. Ambrose 
Church, this city. 

In 185,5 the congregation purchased frtun Tho- 
mas G. Given, two lots on the southeast corner of 
Sixtli and Locust Streets for the site of a Catholic 
Church. The following year a small frame house 
was erected, the lumber being liauled from Iowa 
Cit}-, and in 1858 an addition was made to accom- 
modate the increasing congregation. In l.S(;3. 



iindt'r tlie management of the \evy Rev. Father 
John K. Urazil, tlie present brick edifice was 
erected, I aviuf^ a seating capacity of about nine 
lunuhcd. This church property has just been sold 
for iJbiO.dOO, and ere long a magnifiucut church, 
inferior to none in the State, will be in process of 
construction. In connection with St. Ambrose 
Church, a large parochial school is maintained by 
special contributions from the congregation, giv- 
ing instruction to three hundred and fifty pupils. 
From four commnnicants, the congregation has in- 
creased to over two thousand, and has been twice 
divided, making two branches, St. Mary's and St. 
Michael's, both strong congregations. 

Father Flavin has niinistered to the people of 
St. Ambrose Church for five years, and has grown 
in favor not only with his own congregation but 
with all who know hira. He is a gentleman of 
scholarl3- attainments, well informed on almost 
every question, and takes an active interest in all 
the great social topics. 

{i >ILLIAM J. GASTON, of the firm of 
\v/-N / Reeve & Gaston, attorneys of Des Moines, 
^^^ was born in McDonough County, 111., Au- 
gust 14, 1842, and is a son of Thomas and Sarah 
(Marr) Gaston. His father was born in Cincinnati, 
Ohio, and removed with his parents to Illinois in 
childhood, while the mother was a native of Ten- 
nessee. In March, 1844, the family emigrated to 
Iowa and settled in Keokuk County, where Mr. 
Gaston engaged in agricultural pursuits. 

Our subject was reared to manhood upon the 
farm, and in the common schools of the neighbor- 
hood received his education. On the 14th of 
August, 18(32, when twenty years of age, he left 
home to follow the fortunes ofj his country*. He 
enlisted as a member of Company F, Thirtj'-third 
Iowa Infunlr}-, and served until December, 1863, 
wheii he was discharged for physical disability, 
brought on tiirough the hardshi|is and exposure of 
army life. He inunedialely returned to his iiome, 
and soon after entered ui)on the study of law 
under the direction of G. H. Smith, Esq., of Sig- 

ourney. Iowa. On his admission to 'the bur in 
October, 1«70, he formed a partnership with his 
former preceptor under the firm name of '^mith & 
Gaston, and continued in practice at Sigourney 
until 1882, which witnessed his arrival in Des 
Moines. He was then alone in practice until 
1885, when the existing i)artnershi[) with H. D. 
Reeve was formed. Mr. Gaston has made a spe- 
cialty throughout his career as a lawyer of the pro- 
secution of government claims, and the firm of 
Reeve it (laston has built up an extensive practice 
in that branch of business. Both gentlemen are 
men of marked ability, and the liberal patronage 
which they receive testifies to their rank in the 

Mr. Giiston was married in Martinsburg, Keokuk 
County, Iowa, in May, 18G4, to Miss Cynthia liol- 
torff, a native of Greensburg, Ind., and a daughter 
of George Boltorff. She died in 1869, leaving one 
child, a son, John J., who is now employed in the 
Milwaukee ofKce of Reeve & Gaston. On the 22d 
of February, 1873, in Fairfield, Iowa, Mr. Gaston 
was again married, his second union being with 
Miss Matilda Mowery, a daughter of David Mow- 
ery. Mrs. Gaston was born in Jefferson County, 
Iowa, where her parents were among the early 

In politics, Mr. Gaston is a Republican, and 
while a resident of Sigourney was Mayor of that 
city one term. Socially, he is a Royal Arch Mason, 
belonging to Martinsburgh, Iowa, Lodge, A. F. it 
A. M., and to Joppa Chapter, No. 12, R. A. M., of 
Sigourney, Iowa. He also holds membership in 
Crocker Post, No. 12, G. A. R., of Des Moines. 

RANVILLE G. DAVLSSON, a real-estate 

Gde.aler of Des Moines, was born in Taylor 
County, Va , April 16, 1846, and is a son of 
Josiali M. and Ann (Read) Dayisson. His pater- 
nal grandfather, Jesse Davisson, was an officer in 
the War of 1812, and died from the effects of ex- 
posure in the service. He was of Irish and his wife 
of Scotch descent. Unto them was born, in T.-iylor 
County, \'a., a son, whom they named Josiali. He 



was k'ft nn orpliaii when a small lad, and lie and liis 
brother were bound out and, as is too often the 
case, it was a grevious bondage. On reaching 
manhood he married Miss Read, wlio was born in 
Barbour C'ountj-.Va., in 1820, and is descended from 
a highly respected family of Irish extraction, her 
father having been one of tiie prominent citizens 
of her native county. Josiah Davisson was eng.aged 
in farming and stock-raising, and was associated 
with his brother in tlie mercantile business in 
Pleasant Creek, Va., where for the long period of 
nineteen years, he also served as Postmaster. He 
was a strong anti-slaver^' man although a Southron 
b3' birth, and during the Civil War tendered good 
service to the Union cause in transporting supplies 
and mail for the array and in acting as guide for 
Gen. McClellan. In 1865 he removed to Warren 
County, Iowa, where, with his estimable wife, he is 
still living. Both are zealous workers in the Meth- 
odist Church. 

The subject of tliis sketch was the third child in a 
family of nine children, five of whom are still liv- 
ing. His early education was confined to the dis- 
trict schools and at the age of elcTen years he began 
to carry the mail in Virginia. Although vervj'Oung 
when the war broke out, he n'as compelled by the 
Confederate soldiers to render them service, but as 
soon as the Federal forces gained possession of the 
country he shouldered his gun and enlisted in the 
home guards. As his education was limiteil in early 
life, on coming to Iowa he attended the Indianola 
Seminary, after which he turned his attention to 
merchandising in Council Bluffs and subsequently 
in Logan, Iowa. Kor four years he served as Post- 
master at Oswego, Iowa, which position he resigned 
in 1868. Returning to his old home in Warren 
County, he followed farming and trading for some 
three years, when he received an ap|)ointmenl as 
clerk in the United .States Mail Service, holding that 
position for three years. On the election of President 
Cleveland he resigned, and coming to Des Moines 
in 1881 opened a real-estate oflice. He assisted in 
laying out Forest Park and has greatly added to 
the growth of the city b}- improving residence jirop- 
erty. He now owns both city and country propertj-, 
his possessions haying been .-acquired by his own 
efforts. He is energetic, industrious, and possesses 

excellent l)usiness ability. As a citizen he ranks 
high and has won the regard of all with whom he 
has come in contact. He has been a stanch sup- 
porter of the Republican part}' since its organiza- 
tion, but has never sought or desired political 

In 1870, Mr. Davisson was united in marriage 
with Catherine A. ^'an Ilaesen, a native of Iowa. 
Her father was born in Xew York, her mother in 
Ohio, but at an early dav in the history of this 
State they were numbered among its citizens. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Davisson were born four children — 
Lester L., Herman D., Myra A. and Ethel. The 
mother departed this life in 1883,d3-ing in the faith 
of the Methodist Church. Mr. Davisson is also a 
member of the church. 

' • " °^- 

^ARROLL WRIGHT, of the law firm of 
Cummins it Wright, has been a resident of 
Des Moines sin''c eleven years of .age. His 
family has been prominently identified with the bar 
of Polk Count}-. He is a son of Judge George G. 
Wright and was born in Van Buren County, Iowa, 
on the 21st of October, 1854. In 1865 lie accom- 
panied his father's family to this city and in its 
public schools prepared for college. He is a grad- 
uate of the Iowa State University, at Iowa City, 
belonging to the cl.ass of 1875. On the completion 
of his college course he was emploj-ed in the office 
of the loiva State Refjister for about two j'cars, 
when in the spring of 1877, having made choice of 
the legal profession as a life work, he entered the 
law ollice of Wright, (Jatch k AVright, where he re- 
mained until becoming a student in the law depart- 
ment of Simpson Centenary College, from which 
he was graduated in 1878. About the time of his 
gialuation Judge Gatch withdrew from the above 
mentioned firm and (lur subject joined his father 
and brother, the remaining members, while the 
style of the firm was changed to Wright it AVright, 
and this continued until 1881, when Mr. Cum- 
mins was admitted to i)artnersliip and the firm 
name changed to Wright, Cummins it Wright. 
Some time passed and the Judge withdrew luit the 



name remained unchanged. In 188C the brother 
of our subject also severed his connection, on ac- 
count of having been appointed Division Solicitor 
of the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railroad 
Company, by wliich he is now eipploycd as Gen- 
eral Attornej\ No change in the firm has occurred 
since that date, the partners being ]\Ir. Cummins, a 
sketch of whom is given elsewhere in this work, 
and Carroll Wright. Both are gentleman of culture, 
ability and business resources. They receive alib- 
eral patronage and their corporation business in the 
line of their profession perhaps outranks all others 
in Iowa. 

In 1879. Mr. Wright was united in marriage with 
Miss Nellie Elliott, the accomplished daughtsr of 
the Hon. .John A. Elliott, who was formerly State 
Auditor of Iowa. His death occurred in Des 
Moines in August, 1877. The 3'oung couple rank 
high in social circles and have an extensive ac- 
quaintance among the best people of Polk Countj'. 

— V 



ENRY T. MARRIOTT, owner of one of the 
finest farms in Bloomfield township, sit- 
'4\^' uated on section 34, is a native of the 
(^) Buckeye State. He was born in Licking- 
County, Ohio. November 28, 183;3, his parents 
being .loshua and .Sarah (Brown) Jlarriott. both of 
whom were natives of Maryland, the former born 
in 1800, tracing his ancestry back to Prance, while 
the latter was of Irish auccstr}^ Tliey were mar- 
ried in Pennsylvania, and soon afterward emi- 
grated to Ohio, becoming |)ioneers of that State. 
After assisting his father in developing a farm lie 
entered land for himself and made a home. In the 
early daj's he often killed deer, bear and many 
other kinds of wild animals. Indians were still 
numerous in the settlement, and he underwent all 
the hardships and privations of pioneer life. The 
farm which he developed continued to be his home 
until his death, which occurred in the summer of 
1860. His remains were laid by those of his wife, 
who died thirty 3'ears before and was buried in the 
cemetery of Martinsburg, Ohio. Joshua Marriott 
was a man "ell known in the couuly. He was up 

right and honoralile in all his dealings, was genial 
in disposition and made friends wherever he went. 
He gave his support to the principles of the Dem- 
ocratic party, and in religions belief subscribed to 
the doctrine of the Presbyterians, his wife being a 
member of that church. There were seven chil- 
dren in the family to which our subject belonged, 
five of whom are yet living, namely: James H.; 
William R.; Permelia, wife of Joseph Jewell, of 
ISIorrow County, Ohio; Mar}' E., wife of Benom 
.Simkins, of Licking Count}', Ohio; and Henry. 
After the death of the mother of these children, 
Mr. Marriott wedded Elizabeth Johnson and unto 
them were born eleven children. Those now liv- 
ing are: Angeliue, widow of Charlie Mc Williams, 
of Knox County, Ohio; John F., Joshua N., Green- 
berry and Elizalielh E. Mrs. Elizabeth Marriott 
survived her husband until 1878. 

When a lad wc find our subject learning his les- 
sons in an old log school bouse, such as were com- 
mon at that day. The seats were made of slabs 
and the desks were formed of planks placed u[)on 
])ins. which projected from the logs about eighteen 
inches. Mr. Merriott remained at home until 
about twenty-one years of age when, in company 
with three young men of the neighborhood, he left 
home for the West. They journej'ed b}- rail to 
Rock Island antl thence walked to Mt. Vernon, Linn 
County, Iowa, a distance of sixty-five miles. They 
all secured positions as farm hands, but after two 
months the others returned home. Mr. Marriott, 
however, remained until spring, then retraced his 
steps to Ohio. He again worked with his father 
until the following fall when, on the 28th of Sep- 
tember, 1855, he w-as joined in wedlock with Eliza- 
beth A. Rice, and two weeks later the young 
couple started b}' team to Lisbon, Iowa, where 
they remained until April, when they removed to 
Adair County, Mo., wliere they spent four 3'ears. 
During that time our subject was engaged in farm- 
ing, but crops |)rovcd a failure, his health was 
broken down with fever and ague and he resolved 
to return to the North. Gatliering his household 
effects togetiier he started for llenrv Count}', Iowa. 
Locating upon a farm he eng,aged in its cultivation 
for two yea: s, after which he purchased propertv 
in Mt. Pleasant. ;uid enutigod in mercantile trade 



ver^' successfully for about twelve months. He 
wished, however, to devote his attcnlion to ftirraing 
.and selling out purch.ased land, which after culti- 
vating for a year he disposed of at a profit of 
^1300. He then paid ^1700 car-h for a farm of one 
hundred and twenty acres, which five years later 
he sold for 84500, after which he removed to Polk 
County and, in the fall of 1870, purchased one 
hundred and forty-five acres of hand in Crocker 
Township, which he eng.aged in cultivating for 
thii'teen years. In the meantime he extended its 
boundaries until it comprised two hundred and 
forty acres. He then gave forty acres each to his 
two children, leaving him one hundred and sixty 
acres. Later he [jurchased a six-acre tract of land 
in A'alle}' Township, near the line of Ncnlh Des 
Moines, but after a year removed to his present 
farm of one hundred acres, for which he gave 
|i8,500. It i.s one of the finest farms in the 
county and is located onl}- four miles from the 
State capitol. The residence 'Is a large brick 
dwelling, which is surrounded by all the improve- 
ments necessary to a model farm. He raises an 
excellent grade of stock of all kinds, and ships 
butter on (|uite an extensive scale. By the union 
of Henry and Elizalieth Marriott six children 
were born, three of whom are now living: Will- 
iam H.,who resides in Crocker Township; Martha, 
wife of Si'ott Howard, of Sajloi Township; and 
Charles Tildun, who is still at home. The mother 
died on the 8th of .lune, 1876, and on the 1st of 
November, 1877, Mr. Marriott wedded Eunice 
Larason, a native of Knox County, Ohio, and a 
daughter of Thomas and Melinda (Craig) Larason. 
the former a native of New Jersej', the latter of 
Ohio, while both are of English descent. 

Mr. Marriott started in life a poor bo\' but has 
gradually worked his way upward to a position of 
alluence. Energetic and persevering and ambi- 
tious to succeed for the sake of his family, he has 
overcome all disadvantages and now has one of 
the best homes in the count}-. He has advocated 
the principles of the Democratic party since at- 
taining his majority and has held a number of town- 
ship ollices, including that of trustee. He was 
also nominated for County Supervisor, but owing 
to the Republican party being in the majority he 

was defeated. Both he and his wife are members 
of the Christian Church and take an active part in 
its advancement. Charitable and benevolent they 
have contributed liberall}- to all worth}^ enter- 
prises, and have made for themselves many friend.s 
in the community. 

(| l^iLLIAM A. DRAKE for a thinl of a 
\^// century been connected with the agricult- 
\^y^ ural interests of the count}', and is now 
engaged in general farming and stock-raising on 
section 34, Bloomfield Township. He is a native 
of the P>mi)ire State, his birth having occurred in 
Orange County March 3, 182G. On the paternal 
side the family is of Holland origin, and on the 
maternal of Scotch descent. Jedediah Drake, his 
father, was a native of New York and died in 
Broome County ,N. Y. He wedded ^I.atilda Oakle}', 
a native of the same State and they became the 
parents of seven children: John, a resident of Long 
Island; Elizabeth, who is living in Orange Count}-, 
N. Y. ; Jonas, of Crawford County, Wis. ; William, of 
tills sketch; Thomas, (deceased); Sarah, wife of Ho- 
ratio Gibl>s, of l}roome County, N. Y.,and Hannah, 
wife of George Didrick, residing in Broome County. 
The father of this family served his country .as a 
soldier in the War of 1812, during which he was 
taken prisoner in Canada but was afterward recapt- 
ured by the American fi)rces and brought b.ack to 
this country. His death occurred in 1803 and his 
wife died in 1884. 

From the tender age of eight years our subject, 
William Drake, has made his own way in the world. 
He left his parents when a lad and went to make 
his home with an uncle, with whom he remainc.l 
five years, during which time he received a limited 
education but was reared to habits of industry, 
enteri)risc and good maii.agemeiit, which have been 
of much benefit to him in after life. When a lad 
of thirteen years he began working as a farm liand 
for $7 per month, which position he retained three 
years, when he engaged in jobbing until his mar- 
riage, which was celebrated February 25, 1849, 
Miss Roxann-i Andrews becoming his wife. The 



young couple began their domestic life upon a 
rentec) farm in Broome County, N. Y., and in con- 
nection with the cultivation of that land Mt. Drake 
engaged in the dairy business until 1857, when he 
determined to try his fortune in the West, lie 
chose Polk County, Iowa, as the scene of his future 
operations and, accompanied by his family, made 
his way by rail to Iowa Citj-, completing the jour- 
ney by stage to Ft. Dcs Moincf-., where he spent four 
years engaged in various occupations. At the ex- 
piration of that time he rented land and once more 
resumed farming, which he carried on until l.SGU, 
when he purchased eighty acres of land on section 
34, Bloomfield Township. Since that time he has 
extended its boundaries until one hundred and 
twenty- acres pay tribute to his care and cultiva- 
tion. He erected a house ui)on his laud, and after 
seeing that his family was comfortably situated 
devoted his entire energies to his business interests. 
Although he is now numbered among the prosperous 
farmers of the community, this resiUt was not at- 
tained without much labor. He has always been 
an industrious and energetic man and has graduallj' 
worked his way upward step by step. 

Unlike many who have been blessed with pros- 
perity, Mr. Drake has always taken a deep interest 
in the welfare of the county and has given liberally 
to the support of those enterprises which were cal- 
culated for its advancement. All social, moral and 
educational interests have found in him a warm 
friend, and of the cause of temperance he is a 
stanch advocate, cfinsidering no labor too great 
which will jnomote temperance sentiment among 
the people. He cast bis first Presidential vote for 
James Birney, the Abolition candidate, and next for 
Martin Van Buren, the nominee of the same party. 
In the meantime a new party w,as being formed, 
the Kcpulilican, ar.d .John C. Fremont was its first 
candidate for the ollice of Chief Magistrate of this 
Nation. Since that time Mr. Drake has never failed 
to cast his ballot in its support. His residence in 
this county covers a period of thirty-three years, 
and with the advance of time still others are 
atided to his list of friends who hold him in high 
regard for his sterling worth, strict integrity and 
usefulness as a citizen. His wife is equally beloved 
and is a most estimable lady. Ilcr inlluence is felt 

for good in the community and she holds a high 
position in the social world where true worth is 
taken as a standard. 

The union of this worthy couple has been blessed 
with seven children, but Charles O., the first-born, 
is now deceased. William is a resident of Ft. Col- 
lins, Colo.; Georgie Ann is the wife of George 
Frcedman, a merchant of Grimes, Iowa: Albert is 
a resident of Polk County ; John is also engaged in 
merchandising in Polk County; Edla is at home, 
and Helen is the wife of William Deets, a resident 
farmer of Warren County, Iowa. Mrs. Drake, the 
mother of these children, is a daughter of Philoand 
Hoxanna (Meecliam) Andrews, the former a native 
of Connecticut, tlie latter of New York. I>y trade 
Mr. Andrews w!is a blacksmith and followed that 
occupation until old age, accompanied by the usual 
failing health, forced him to lay aside all business 
cares. He continued his residence in Chenango 
County until his death, which occurred in 1.S63. 
His excellent wife, surviving him eight years, died 
in 1871. Both were members of the Old School 
Presbyterian Church and were greatlj' respected 
by those who knew them. The following is the 
record of their living children: is the wifeof 
Stephen Bl3',of Steuben County, N. Y.; Mary is the 
widow of Gideon Burslej', of Essex County, Del.; 
Philo makes his home in Chenango County, N. Y.: 
Ivoxanna, wife of our subject, is the next younger; 
Martha is the wife of N'olney Roe, of Cortland 
County, N. Y. ; Melissa is the wife of Chauncey 
Manning, also of Cortland County, and Emily is 
the wife of John H. Day of tlie same county. Five 
members of the family are now deceased. 

USTIN CLARK is a representative of one 
of the pioneer families of I'olk County. 
lii He is now engaged in farming and stock- 
raising on section 35, IMoom field Town- 
shii), and ranks among the respected citizens of 
the community. He first opened his eyes to the 
light of day in Oneida County, N. Y., October 16, 
183!), and is a son of Ezekiel and M:iiv (Edick) 
Clark. His fathei was a New York fanner, and 



carried '>n oi)erations in liiat line in the Empire 
Slate until 1859, when lie emigrated with his family 
to this county. Tlie first winter was spent in Des 
Moines, after which he removed to Adair County, 
where in connection with farming he'engaged quite 
extensively in the manufacture of cheese and butter. 
A year later he went to the mines of Colorado, and 
during his five months' residence in that State was 
quite successful in his search for the golden ore. 
He returned home in October of the same year, 
and the next spring embarked in the dai.y business, 
keeijing about thirty cows for that purpose. The 
butter and cheese which he made were of such an 
excellent quality that he found a ready sale for his 
products, and engaged in their manufacture on an 
extensive scale. In the spring of 18G2 we again 
find him a resident of Polk County, where he car- 
ried on the same line of l)usiness near the site now 
occupied by the State House. After continuing 
operations on that farm for about seven years, he 
purchased four hundred acres of land in Bloom- 
field Township, which was still in its primitive 
condition, not a furrow having been turned or an 
improvement made, lie removed his family into 
a little schoolhouse and then built a barn, in which 
they resided until the fall of the same year, during 
which time he erected a commodious and substan- 
tial brick residence, which is still one of the best 
homes in the township, the house and barn costing 
between >!8,000 and -^10,000. The barn is eighty 
feet in length by thirty-six feet in width, and is 
therefore one of the largest as well as one of the 
best in the county. Mr. Clark still continued to 
engage in the manufacture of cheese and butter in 
connection with the cultivation of his land until he 
acquired a handsome property. He was always 
watchful for the interests of the family, and was 
not satisfied until he hatl provided them witii a 
handsome home, the exterior of which is not only 
pleasing, but it is adorned within by many works 
of art, and lieautiful and tasty furniture. 

Mr. Clark had a wiile acquaintance in Polk 
County, and by all was held in high regard as a 
worthy, ui)riglit citizen. lie held a numl)er of 
local offices, and in politics was a standi supporter 
of the Democratic party. Socially, he was a mem- 
ber of the Masonic frali'i'iiity during his residence 

in the Empire State, and in religious faith was a 
Metliodist. Although he gave liberally to all public 
enterprises, the church had the firmest hold on his 
sympathies, and he never wearied in his efforts to 
advance its interests. He brought hajipiness to 
himself in making others hajipy, and his memory 
will long be enshrined in the hearts of many on 
account of his deeds of charit}', acts of kindness 
and expressions of sympathj'. Consumption at 
last fastened itself upon Mr. Clark, and on the 10th 
of April, 1885. at the age of sixtj'-uinc years, he 
dropped peacefully asleep. His remains were in- 
terred in Pleasant Ridge Cemetery, of Warren 
County. Mrs. Clark, who is a most estimable 
Lady, survives her husband and is still living on 
the old homestead, where she expects to spend the 
remainder of her days. There many happy years 
of her married life were passed, and the associations 
which cluster abjut it make it very dear to her. 

A famil}' of seven children was born unto this 
worth}' couple — Lester, the eldest, is now a resi' 
dent of Bloomfield Township; Austin is the sec- 
ond in orilcr of birth; Francillo is also living in 
Bloonificld Township; Miuy is now deceased; Wel- 
tha is the wife of Nat McClelland, of Polk County; 
Welcome is living on the old honiest(Md; and 
Esther, the youngest, has passed away. 

Our subject remained at home until his mar- 
riage, and like a dutiful son assisted his father in 
the fjultivatiiin of the home farm. Having arrived 
at years of maturity, he led to the marriage altar 
JHss Lucy .1. Uoodhue. the wedding being cele- 
brated January 22, 1873. The parents of Mrs. 
Clark, Joseph AV. and Mary (Ordway) Goodhue, 
were both natives of New Hampshire, r.nd resided 
in that State until life was ended. The mother 
died in 1846, but her husband survived until 1859. 
Unto them were born four children — Franklin. 
Mary A., Lucy J. and JMartha A. The parents of 
this family led earnest Christian lives, and in the 
community where tliej' made their home were held 
in high regard. 

After his marriage Mr. Clark took possession of 
his portion of the property, consisting of eighty 
acres of land on section 35, Bloomlield Township, 
and forty acres in Dallas County. He also owned 
twenty head of cattle, thirty head of hogs and a 



span of good liorses. With this beginning he 
started in life under f.ivoralile circumstances, and 
having been reared to agricultural |nirsaits, his 
efforts in that direction have been quite successful. 
In 1877, however, he rented his farm and removed 
with his family to Des Moines, where for live and 
a half years he engaged in the livery business. At 
tiie exiiiration of that time lie returned to his home 
in Bloomticld Township, and purcliasing eighty 
acres of land adjoining his original farm, has there 
resided continuously since. lie has engaged in 
stock-raising to a consitlcrable extent, and makes a 
specialt}' of Durham cattle. He entertains [nacti- 
cal and [jrogiessive ideas, and by tiie citizens of 
the community is regarded as one of the enterpris- 
ing and worthy ^'oung farmers of the townslu'i). 
In politics, he is a Democrat. On all matters of 
l)iiblic interest he keep himself well informed, and 
cai) tiierefore converse intelligently on almost any 

Mr. and IMrs. Clark have an interesting famih'of 
four children — Alice J., Ilalictt A., JLiry O. .and 
Warren E. They have also lost one child — Mabel E. 

well-to-do farmers and general stock-raisers 
of Bloomtield Township, residing on sec- 
tion 24, was born in Clarksville, Wanen 
County, Ohio, September 23, 1832, and is the son 
of Abraham and Sarah (Peacock) Nicholson. His 
great-grandfather was the founder of the family in 
America. He left bis home in Scotland and settled 
in this country during the Colonial days, and for 
five years served in the Revolutionary War. He 
then left the army but his health was so broken 
down that he died three months later. The grand- 
father of our subject was a native of North Caro- 
lina and his father, Abraham Nicholson, of Warren 
County, Ohio. The latter wedded Sarah I'eacock, 
who born in New Jersey of English descent, 
her parents being natives of England. By occupa- 
tion, Abraham Nicholson was a blacksmith and 
carried oh that business for a number of years in 
Clarksville, Ohio. Accompanied liy his faniih' in 

183G, he removed to Hamilton County, Ind., where 
he purchased three hundred acres of timber land. 
Building a shop of logs he resumed work at his 
trade, hiring men to clear his farm. He did an 
excellent blacksmithing Ijusincss and succeeded in 
placing two huixlrcd and forty acres under a state 
of cultivation. In 1848 he was elected County 
Commissioner of Hamilton County. Energetic and 
ambitious he proved himself a valued citizen, la- 
boring not only for his own interest but doing 
much for the advancement of the count}-. Many 
other public ollices he held and in all cases gave the 
best satisfaction. He was liberal with Lis means in 
the support of public enterprises, was a man well in- 
formed on the leading issues of the day,and by those 
who knew him was held in high regard. Socially, lie 
was a Mason, politically, a Whig, and religiously, 
a member of the Free-Will Bajjtist Church. He 
was called to his final rest in March, 1876, at the 
age of seventy-live years and his loss was deeply 
mourned by his many friends. His excellent wife 
passed aw.ay in 187!t at the age of seventy-six 
j'ears. She shared in the esteem in which her hus- 
band was held and well merited the respect tend- 
ered her. 

To this worthy couple was born a family of nine 
children, five of whom are now living: Mary Ann, 
wife of Sharon Jones, who resided on the old home- 
stead in Hamilton County, Ind.; Jonathan, of this 
sketch; Almeda, widow of J. W. Evans, of Hamil- 
ton County; Hannah, wife of Franklin Bratton, 
of Cowley County, Kan.; Albert, a resident of Chey- 
enne County, Neb. 

Although born in Ohio, Rlr. Nicholson was 
reared on a farm in Hamilton County, Ind., where 
he received such educational .advantages as the 
common schools afforded. In those days, however, 
they were not of the best. Farmer lads usually 
had to assist in the cultivation of the laud during 
the summer months, only attending school during 
a short winter season, and his experience was not an 
exception to this rule. The sunshine, the rain or 
tiie snow, according to the weather, made its way 
through the roof into the school room, and often- 
times the scholars when taking their liooks for the 
day's work would have to shake the snow off before 
they could dclermine which volume they hail. .Mr. 



Micliolson assumed almost the entire management 
of the farm at the age of sixteen years. He worked 
hard and helped his parents secure a comfortable 
home, and when this was done, at the age of twenty 
years, he started out in life for himself. He went 
first to Clay County, HI., to improve a piece of 
land which his father had given him and two years 
later, in 1855, removed to Steele County, Minn., 
where he took up a homestead, upon which he re- 
sided eighteen montiis. His next place of residence 
was Madison County, Iowa, where he worked at the 
carpenter's trade for two years. The following- 
spring he (hove an ox-team from Winterset, Madi- 
son County, to Baker County, Ore., reaching his 
destination after four months. He located in a 
small mining town called Auburn, where he worked 
at the carpenter's trade until the following spring, 
when he went to Boise County, Idaho. In part- 
nership with a gentleman who had accompanied him 
lo the West, he there engaged in farming and gar- 
dening, raising vegetables for the city market. His 
efforts in that line were quite successful and he 
continued operations for three years, when he de- 
termined to return to the East. In the autumn of 
1866, accompanied by two friends, he started on 
horseback across the plains, arriving in Winterset 
after some four years absence. When he left for 
the West he had no capital but returned with 
*ri,250 as his share of the proceeds of the trip. 
Once more he resumed work at carpentering and 
succeeded in establishing a good trade but in 1868 
he abandoned that business and purchased two 
bundled acres of land on section 24, Bloomfield 
Township, Polk County, where lie has since resided. 
His farm was then in its primitive condition but 
he liad not forgotten the training of his youth and 
ere long waving fields of grain greeted the e^'e 
where before were barren prairies. 

Oil the 30th of June, 1 808, Mr. Nicholson was 
united in marriage witii MissfSarah A. Ross, who was 
born August 16, 1817, in Wniien County, Ohio. Her 
birth occurred on a farm only six miles distant from 
that on which iier husband was l)orn, but although 
living within such close [iroximity iu their early 
cliildhood they did not become acquainted until 
both had taken up their residence in Madison 
County, Iowa. The lady is a daughter of Cun- 

ningham and Mary J. (Emery) Ross, who were 
also natives of the Buckeye State, the former born 
of Irish parentage, the latter of Scotch descent. 
Mr. Ross made farming his life occupation, carry- 
ing on operations in that line in AVarren County 
until 1856, when he moved to Illinois and thence 
came to Madison County. His death occurred in 
September, 1888, but his wife is still living. They 
were the parents of eight children — Sarah A., .John 
D., Henry E., Silas W., Susan I., Lawson, Marietta 
and Perrj' C. To Mr. and Mrs. Nicholson have 
been born six children — Lewis E., Almeda, Otis. 
Loren, Alva L., and N'ernon. The family circle 
remains unljroken and all are still with their par- 

After erecting a good frame residence upon his 
farm Mr. Nicholson at once began its development 
and his labors have not been without tiieir result. 
He has made other improvements, has built barns 
and outbuildings, raises excellent grades of stock, 
and has everything necessary to a model farm. 
Politically, he is a Democrat and has served as 
Road Supervisor and School Director, holding the 
latter oflice fourteen years. He is well known 
throughout the community as a worthy citizen, just 
and honorable in all his dealings and is a represent- 
ative farmer of Polk Count}'. See [lortraits of Mr. 
and Mrs. Nicholson on another page. 

ti p-^A ^RANK L. DA\'IS is engaged in general 
J-^JfiVi farming and stock-raising on section 14, 
/IJj Bloomfield Township, where he has made 

his home for the past twenty-two years. His entire 
life has been spent in tiiis county, and with its 
interests he has been prominently identified. He 
was born in a little frame house which stood on 
the corner c>f ^\'alnul and Seventh Streets, in Des 
Moines, l)eceml)cr 7, 18.")8, and is a rei>resentative 
of one of the pioneer families of the coinmunity. 
His fatiier, .Joseph I). Davis, a natiVe of Ohio, ful- 
lowed the occupation of carpentering in the cit^" 
of Dayton, the place of his birth, until 1847, when 
he became a resident of Indianapolis, Ind. Two 
years later we find him en route for Des .Moines, 



which he found to be a mere hamlet, ronsisting of 
a few log cabins and Goveiiiuiont buildings. Not 
a frame iiouse was in sight, and the greater part 
of the land was undeveloped prairie. His family 
resided in a log cabin until he could erect a better 
residence and underwent many hardships and dilli- 
culties incident to life on the frontier. Although 
the county was but sparsely settled at the liiue of 
his arrival, emigrants soon came ])0uring in, and 
he had all the work wliich he could possibly at- 
tend to. lie had in his immediate employ twenty 
men, and also superintended the building of the 
barracks by the soldiers. He continued at his 
trade for a year, when he formed a partnership in 
tlie hardware business with Granville Holland, the 
firm continuing to operate quite successfully in 
that line for five }'ears. Having a chance to sell 
at a good profit. Mr. Davis then disposed of his 
interest and resumed contracting and building, 
which he carried on extensively until 18G8. A 
proficient workman and cai)able foreman, he knew 
how to use his employes to the best advantage, 
and the able manner in which the work was always 
done led to his securing a liberal patronage. He 
furnished employment to from twenty to twent3'- 
five men, and oftentimes refused work which was 
offered hii^. He abandoned that occupation in 
1868, however, and purchased three hundred and 
twent}' acres of land in Bloomfield Townshii), 
where our subject now resides. After erecting a 
house thereon, he removed his family to their 
new home and devoted his energies to the develop- 
ment of the wild hand, which he transformed into 
a fine farm. Mr. Davis was well-known throughout 
the county, and held the offices of Road Supervisor 
and School Director. He supported the Repub- 
lican party and took an active part in political af- 
fairs, quite frequently attending the conventions 
as a delegate. Socially, he vras a member of the 
Masonic fraternity, having united with the Des 
Moines Lodge on its organization. 

The wife of Mr. Davis, whose maiden name 
Elizabeth Shoerfiaker, was a native of North Caro- 
lina. Their marriage was celebrated in Ohio, and 
unto them was born a family of ten children, but 
only four are now living. Henry ('., the eldest, 
resides with Frank, who iy the sixth in order of 

birth, on the homestead; Charles F. is a traveling 
salesman; and Kittie makes her liome with her 
brothers. The father of this family after a long 
and useful life of seventy years passed awa^', in 
June, 188G. His wife was called to her final rest, 
April 5, 1885, at the age of sixtj'-two years, and 
their remains lie liuried, side by side, in Green- 
wood Cemetery. 

Until ten years of age, Frank Davis remained 
in his native city, and then rcnK)ved to the farm 
which has since lieen his home. His early life 
passed away uneventfully, being spent in tiie usual 
manner of farmer lads. He assisted his parents in 
their labors until their deaths, when he assumed 
the man.agement of the old homestead. The farm, 
which so long been in the possession of the 
faniil}', is one of the best in the county, having 
all the modern improvements and everything ne- 
cessary to a model farm. 

On the 21st of January, 1890, Mr. Davis was 
united in marriage with Miss Minnie W. Roth, the 
accomplished daughter of William and Mary (Boos) 
Roth, who are among the pioneers of Polk County, 
and are now residing in Walnut Township. The 
young couple have many warm friends throughout 
the community, and in the social world are held in 
high regard. Mr. Davis supports the Republican 
party, and has served as Treasurer of Bloomfield 
Township. He; ranks among the leading young 
farmers of Polk County, is an energetic and indu.s- 
trious man and a progressive citizen. 

\i^™:AURON CASE, of the real-estate firm of 
'' '^ Case & Porter, of Des Moines, is numbered 

among the earl}' settlers of Polk County. 
He was liorn in Delaware County, Ohio, May 13, 
1831, and belongs to a family- of four children born 
unto Thomas F. and Sarah A. (Bush) Case. On 
both sides he is descended from old and highlj' re- 
sjiected New England families. His paternal grand- 
father followed farming in Connecticut during his 
earlier years, but afterward emigrated to Ohio, lo- 
cating in Delaware Countv. Thomas F., son of the 



latter, was born in Connecticut, but was reared in 
the Buckeye State, and on attaining years of ma- 
turity wedded Miss Busb. She was a native of 
New Yori<, but lilce her husband, came to Ohio 
in cliildhood with her parents. Mr. Case followed 
farming in Ohio until 1855, when be became 
a resident of I'ollv County, Iowa, locating near 
l)es Moines. The now populous and beautiful city, 
liion consisted of a few one-story frame business 
iiouses surrounded b}' log cabins and shanties, 
while East Des Moines was a dense forest. Here 
he again resumed farming, which he followed until 
iiis death. He was universal!}' known as Maj. 
Case, a title which he won in the days when the 
law reqnired all citizens to spend a certain time 
eacii year in drilling for military service. He sup- 
ported the Whig party in politics until the organ- 
ization of the Republican party, when he ardently 
espoused its principles. He was a member of the 
Episcopal Ciiurch, and died at the age of sixty- 
two years, a highly respected citizen. His wife also 
united with the Episcopal Church, but in after life 
became a member of tlie Baptist Church. Slie is 
still living, at the advanced age of eighty-seven 
j'ears, and makes her home with a son, in Kansas. 
Three of their children are yet living — Nathan T.. 
a nur-seryman of this city ; Isaac, a farmer, of Kan- 
sas; and Farron. 

The days of his boyhood and youth our subject 
spent upon liis father's farm. His primary educa- 
tion, received in the district schools, was supple- 
mented by a partial course in college, where he 
pursued his studies for a year and a half. At the 
expiration of that time, lie accompanied his father 
to Polk County, Iowa, but in I806 returned to 
Ohio and married Jliss Elizabeth Wiley, a native 
of Franklin County. Accompanied by his young 
l)ride, he once more crossed the Father of Waters 
and located on a farm in Bloomfield Tovvnship, 
where he made his home until IfSTti. lie was quite 
successful in his agricultural pursuits, acquiring 
a liandsome property, but in the jear above-men 
tioucil he laid aside his old occupation and re- 
moved to Des Muiues, where he is now cugaged in 
the real estate and loan business as a member of 
the (irni of Case (t I'ortcr. He has been associated 
with several partners, his connection with W. B. 

Porter being formed in Maj', 1887. He and his 
estimable wife expect to spend their last da^'S in 
this city. By their upright and useful lives they 
have won many friends in the community, by 
whom the}- are held in high regard. For nearly a 
lifetime Mrs. Case has been a member of the Meth- 
odist I^piscopal Church, and her husband has re- 
cently joined that body. They have always been 
liberal supporters of the work. Their family num- 
bers Ijut two children — Charles W. and Lizzie L. 

Mr. Case was formerly a AVhig, but since the 
dissolution of that party has been a stanch Reijub- 
lican. He has lived a quiet life, never having 
sought political preferment at the hands of his fel- 
low-citizens, content to devote his time and atten- 
tion to his business interests. He is well and 
favorabl}' known throughout the county, with the 
business interests of which he has been identlBcd 
for thirtj'-four j-ears. His dealings with his fel- 
low-men have been characterized bj' justness and 
upiightness. Honesty in business has won him 
patronage and friends, and the firm of Case & 
Porter ranks among the first of Des Moines. 

-i — ^- 


<^ l*,ALTER McHENRY, who is engaged in 
' ' the practice of law in Des 3Ioines, was 


born in this city on the 6th of February, 
1862, and Is a son of Judge William H. McHenry, 
an eminent law^^er and well-known pioneer of Polk 
County. Walter received excellent educational 
advantages, and on completing his course in the 
Iowa Agricultural College, at Ames, entered upon 
the study of the legal profession with his elder 
brother, William II. McHenry. .Ir. He was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1886. and einl)arked upon his 
professional career as a partner of his brother, but 
later joined his fatiier with whom lie has since been 
associated in business. 

In 1887, Mr. McHenry was joined in wedlock 
with Miss Lou Cummins, and tiieir union has 
been blessed with one child, a daughter. This 
young couple hold a high position in the social 
world, and arc widely known in the city of Des 
Moines. Mr. McHenry, socially, is a Knight of 



Pythias, bclongiug; to Capital Lodjje, No. 20, and 
also to the Independent Order of Hed Men. He is 
a Democrat in politics, and was a candidate of his 
partv for Secretary of State at the election in No- 
vember, 1889. Like all others on the ticket, with 
tiie exception of the candidate for Governor, he 
was defeated, bnt he ran far ahead of the usual 
Democratic ballot polled, a fact which indicates his 
personal popiilaritj- amonji Republicans as well as 
his own constituents. He was elected City Solicitor 
for the city of Des Moines, on March 3, 1890. 

W ESTER CATE is one of the enterprising 
I (^ '""^ successful business men of Polk County, 
jj '— ^ Iowa, being now senior partner of the firm 
of Cate tt Graham, proprietors of the Des Moines 
Transfer Company. The history of his life is as 
follows. He was born in Sussex, England, on the 
3d of May, 1830, being a son of Stephen and .Jane 
(Bray) Cate, who were also of English birth. He 
was reared to manhood in his native county, luit 
in 1852, when twenty-two years of age, left home 
and went to London, where one of the most im- 
portant events of his life occurred. In that city 
he formed the acquaintance of Miss Amelia Mc- 
Merrill, and on the 9th of June, 1854, they were 
united in the holy bonds of matrimony. The lady 
was a daughter of John McJIerrill. She was born 
in London, but was only permitted to enjoj' a few 
short j-ears of married life. She died in 1859. 
leaving one child, a son, Stephen E. 

In June, 1857. Mr. Cate emigrated to America 
and came direct to Des Moines, where he has since 
resided. On his arrival in this city, then a small 
town of little importance, he began teaming and, 
in 1861, purchased an interest in the Transfer bus- 
iness. In 1868, he organized the Des Moines 
Transfer Company, with Seth Graham as partner, 
and since that time the firm of Cate & Graham has 
carried on the business with marked Success. 

Mr. Cate again married in this city, Janu- 
ary 1, 1863. to Miss jNIartha A King, a daughter 
of John King. She was born in Huntingtonshire, 
England, and came to America in 1851. Four 

children blessed their union, one son and three 
daughters. AVillie K. is an emi)loje of the Ilawkej'e 
Insurance Company, of Des Moines; Jennie S. is 
the wife of Homer 1!. Collins, of iMurfreesboro, 
Tenn.; Carrie E. and Annie L. are unmarried. 
Stephen E., the only child of the first marriage, 
was born in London, wedded Miss Nellie Porter, of 
Dps Moines, antl is an adjuster of Ihe Guardian In- 
surance Company, of England, making his 
(juarters in this city. 

In [lolitics, Mr. Cate is independent, lie was 
reared under the auspices of the Episcopal Church, 
but is now holding niembershi|) with no religious 
denomination. His wife, however, is a member of 
the First Baptist Church, of Des Moines. Socially 
our subject is a Knight Templar Mason, belonging 
to Pioneer Lodge, No. 22. A. F. ife A. M.; Corinth- 
ian Chapter, No. 14, R. A. M. ; and Temple Com- 
mandery. No. 4, K. T., in all of which his son, 
Stephen E. .also holds membershi|). The Des 
Moines Transfer Company, of which Mr. Cate is se- 
nior partner, employs some twelve men, and is the 
oldest established company in that line in the eit3'. 
Individually, Mr. Cate has been in the business 
twenty-nine years, and by his industry and enter- 
prise has secured a competence. He is a man of views, upright and honorable in all his rela- 
tions with the world, and is recognized as one of the 
substantial men of Des Jloines, both ph3^sically 
and financially. 

kLINDLEY POUTER, M. D., of Des Moines, 
is a native of the Keystone State. He was 
born on the 5th of November, 1847, in Fay- 
ette County, and is the son of Moses Porter, who 
was born in ]\Iaryland,January 10, 1804, and when 
thirty-four years of .age, in 1836, removed to Penn- 
sylvania, where he made his home until laying aside 
the cares and toils of this life to enter upon the world 
beyond, in 1880. His wife, in her maiden- 
hood. Miss Amy Wade. She was born in April, 
1810, in Allegany County, Md., and still resides 
on the old homestead in Pennsylvania. Of their 
eight surviving children, including five sons and 



two daiiglitcrs, tbe Doctor is the youngest. They 
had five other children, three sons and two daugh- 
ters but they are now deceased. Dr. G. E., the 
eldest of the family, served as Lieutenant-Colonel 
in tlie Second Uegiment, Maryland United States 
Infantry, in tlie War of the Rebellion, to which po- 
sition he was promoted from Major of the same 
command. He died December .30, 1889, while en- 
gaged in the practice of medicine in Lonaconing, 
Md.; Samuel resides in Mt. Pleasant, Pa.; James 
D., is living in Owensdale, Pa.; George W. and 
Elisha C, are residents of Scottdale, Westmore- 
land County, Pa. ; Rebecca, is the wife of .John 
Keyser; and Lydia is living in Fa3-ette County, Pa. 

The Porter family was founded in this couutr^' 
i)y .lohn Porter, a native of Gloucestershire, Eng- 
land, who gained the displeasure of the reigning 
monarch — George I — by composing and singing a 
song uncomplimentary to his majesty, and was 
forced to tlee. He settled about 1715 in Baltimore 
Count}', Md. His son, bearing the same name, the 
great-grandfather of our subject, was born there, 
married a Miss McKenzic, and settled in Allegany 
Count}', the same State, in 1782. He died near Eck- 
hurt Mines, in 1810. His fourth son, Gabriel Mc- 
Kenzie I'orter, born in September, 177G, married 
for Ills first wife, Rebecca Frost, of Frostburg. He 
died at the residence of his fourth son. Moses, (the 
father of our subject) April 20, 1842. 

The Doctor acquired his literary education in 
Mt. Pleasant College, of Mt. Pleasant, Pa., and 
l)egan the study of medicine with his brother in 
Maryland, in 1865. Later he entered Jefferson Med- 
ical College, of Philadelphia, Pa., where he contin- 
ued from September, 18C7, until March, 1868. He 
went to Bit. Vernon, Ohio, and pursued his studies 
under the direction of Dr. Jacob Stamp, until the 
fall of the .<*ame year, when we find him in the 
Good Samaritan Hospital, of Cincinnati. Ohio. 
Immediately after graduating in medicine and sur- 
gery in Marcli, 1869,Mie opened an oflice in Colum- 
bus, Ohio, and in the fall of that year was appointed 
))y Gov. R. 1>. Hayes as house physician in the 
Ohio Penitentiary, where he remained about a year. 
Returning to his native State, he opened an office 
near his old homo, and in April, 1871, formed a 
[jartnership with his brother in Lonaconing, Md. 

On account of the precarious condition of his wife's 
health, he was forced to leave the East, and in 1877 
went to Los Angeles, Cal., with a view of making 
a permanent location, but he was not satisfied with 
that place as a summer resort, and soon after re- 
turned eastward. He located in Sloingona, Boone 
County, Iowa, where he engaged in the practice of 
his profession, and where he continued until his re- 
moval to Des Moines. Shortly after his arrival in 
this cit}', in March, 1884, Dr. Porter formed a part- 
nership with Dr. Lewis Schooler, and together they 
engaged in business for more than a year, since 
which time our subject has been alone. 

Mrs. Porter, the wife of the Doctor, ^s■as form- 
erlj' Miss Janet Wilson. She was born in Virginia, 
but spent the da3's of her girlhood in Ohio, whither 
her father, Daniel D. Wilson, removed with his 
famil}' when she was a child. Into them have 
Ijcen born three daughters: .Susie O. B., Amy M. 
and Elizabeth Fay. Their onlj' son, James W., 
died in infancy. 

Dr. Porter is a gentleman of culture, and pos- 
sesses a thorough knowledge of his i)rofession, ;ind 
though comparatively a late addition to the medi- 
cal fr.aternity of Des Moines, he has won the con- 
fidence and respect of the entire community to a 
marked degree. 

^ ^-^-^ 

"jfjOSHUA C. PAINTER, a real-estate dealer of 
Des Moines, is a native of tlie Keystone 
^ I State, born in New Castle, Lawrence Count}', 
i(^' July 16, 1834. The Painter family was 
originally of German origin, but was founded in 
America at a very early day in the history of this 
country. William Painter, the grandfather of our 
subject, engaged in farming near Philadelphia and 
his son Jolin, fallier of Joshua, followed in his foot- 
steps. John Painter was born on the old homestead 
fam in 1796, and after attaining to mature years 
wedded Miss Hannah Chenowetli, who was born in 
New C.istle, Pa., in 1801. He made farming his life 
occupation and was an e.Ktensive land holder of that 
coninuinity. In political sentiment he was a sup- 
porter of the Whig party and in religious belief 



was a. ^rethodist. Mr. I'ainter died in 1853, leav- 
ing five children, four sons and a daiigliter, two of 
whom are living in Kansas, two in Des Moines and 
one in Warren Count}*, Iowa. The mother, wiio a consistent Christian latly, also a member of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, survived her lius- 
band until 1879. 

Joshua C. Painter, the subject of this sketch, was 
the fourth child of his father's family. Tlie days 
of his boj'hood and youth were spent u|)un the old 
homestead farm and he became familiar with tiie 
rudiments of learning in the primitive schools of 
that da3-, where the ferule formed an important 
part of the education. At tlie age of twenty lie 
commenced business for himself in the liWe lil which 
his father had carried on operations and continued 
farming until tlie war. He emigrated to Hancock 
County. 111., in 1858, and about two j'ears later re- 
moved to Warren County, Iowa, where he followed 
carpentering and the lumber business until A|)ril, 
1861. He had watched with interest the progress 
of events in the South and all of iiis patriotic feel- 
ings were aroused by tiic actions of the slavehold- 
ing States, so when Ft. Sumter was fired upon, he 
laid aside all other interests, determined to strike a 
blow for the preservation of the Union. He enlisted 
in Company D, Second Iowa Infantrj', his regi- 
ment being the first to leave the State for the scene 
of battle. It was assigned to the Army of the Ten- 
nessee and for three jears Mr. Painter was always 
found with his company, doing duty wlierever 
needed. He participated in tlie battles of Ft. Don- 
elson and Pittsl)urg Landing and manj' minor en- 
gagements and during liis entire term of service 
escaped without a wound. 

After receiving his discharge at Pulaski, Tenn., 
Mr. Painter at once returned to Des Moines and 
with many of the leading business interests of the 
city has since been prominently connected. For a 
year after his return he was engaged in operating a 
meat market and on selling out ran a grocery store 
for two years. The three succeeding years of his 
life were spent at the painter's trade, after which he 
again engaged in the meat business for eight years. 
During all this time he had been investing his money 
in real estate. The value of his property increasing 
with the growth of the city, he thereby accu- 

mulated a handsome competency and now devotes 
his entire attention to looking after his propert3- 
interests. He has also devoted considerable atten- 
tion to pul)lic affairs and has served liis fellow- 
citizens in various official capacities. Immcdiatel}' 
after his return irom tlie war he served on the 
police force for a year and for one term was Town- 
sliii) Trustee. He was a member of the City Coun- 
cil for two years and in 1880 was elected Cit\- 
Treasurer. Wliile holding that office he was elected 
Sheriff of Polk County and entered upon the dis- 
charge of the duties of that position in 1884, con- 
tinuing in the otiiec for four successive years. Upon 
him devolved the task of breaking up the saloons 
and he performed his duty without fear or favor, 
having no friends to reward or enemies to punish. 
He has ever displayed the greatest fidelity to the 
interests of the [leople in general in the discharge 
of his i)ublic duties and has won the confidence and 
respect of all concerned. Socially, he is a member 
of the Ancient Order of United Workmen and the 
G. A. K. Post of Des Moines, and in policies in a 
stanch Republican. 

In this city, on tlie 20th of October, 18G8, Mr. 
Painter was united in marriage with Miss Emma 15. 
Turner, a native of Marion County, Iowa. Their 
union has been blessed with three children — ( )rrin 
C, Ernest and Mabel. The sons are now running 
a ranch in Kansas. Sirs. Painter is a most estimable 
lady and a member of the Christian Church. Mr. 
Painter is one of the most highly esteemed citizens 
of Polk County. His public and private life are 
alike above reproach. He faithfully served hiscouu- 
try during the late war and has proved liiinself a 
loyal citizen in times of [jcace. 

bank, which is one of the substantial mon- 
eyed institutions of the county, was incor- 
porated July 22, 1882, and oijeued for 
business on the 1st d.ay of November, following, 
with a paid u|) capital of ^50,000. The first officers 
of the bank were: tlie Hon. (leorge G. Wright, 
President; C. I), licinking. \icc President; and 



A. J. Zw.irt, Cashier; and tliese geiiLleinen have 
behl tlieir respective positions continuously since. 
The first board of directors or trustees was com- 
posed of tlic following-named gentlemen: J. A. 
Ankcny, C D. Reinking. Fayette Meek. George H. 
Maish (now deceased), F. M. Gilbert, George G. 
Wright, .lohn A. Elliot, (now deceased). W. Red- 
head and R. T. Wellslager. 

The bank lias now been in business seven years 
under liie same ollicers, and with very slight change 
in its board of trustees, and lias had a prosperous 
career. The capital remains the same as at the time 
of organization, and the surplus amounts to -§20,000. 
The present board of trustees is comijosed of the 
following- named citizens of Polk Count}': J. A. 
Ankeny, L. Sheueinian, C. ]). Reinking, CJeorge G. 
Wright, Fayette Meek, Martin Flynn, .lames H. 
Windsor, S. B. Tultle and R. T. Wellslager. The 
long continued period during which the officers 
have hold their positions indicates the trust reposed 
in them, and they and the stockholders of the bank 
are among the best known and most responsible 
business men of the cit}', and the policj- of tlie 
management from the start lias been safe and con- 
servative, which accounts for its i>opularity and 
the confidence it enjoys. 


"«'j EORGE SHERIFF, one of the representative 
and intelligent farmers of Bloorafield Town- 
jAj ship, residing on section 36, is of Scottish 
birth. His parents, James and Mary E. .Sheriff, 
were also natives of Scotland, and spent their en- 
tire lives iu that country. George was born in 
1835, and remained iu his native land until sixteen 
years of age. His mother died when lie was but 
three years old, and his father when he a lad 
of twelve years. Thrown upon their own resources 
the children sought work in the neighborhood, and 
managed to reside together at the old home. Our 
subject obtained a position as a farm hand, and a 
part of his earnings gave for the maintenance of 
the familj*. He was sixteen years of age when he 
determined to try his fortune in America. In com- 
pany with two brothers and two sisters he bade 

good-bye to his old friends, and boarding a vessel 
at Gl.asgow sailed for (.Quebec. On their arrival in 
that city they purchased tickets for Cleveland. 
Ohio, liut these they lost through accident, and in 
consequence were forced to bu}' more. The capi- 
tal with which the}' started to the United States was 
small at best, and the additional ex|)ense proved a 
heavy drain on the exchefpier. The}- had to spend 
the first night after reaching Cleveland in the oijcd 
field, and then Alexander Sheriff, brother of our 
subject, walked sixty miles to friends, where they 
borrowed money for the expenses of the remaining 
journey. The struggles of the next few years for 
a foothold, their contentions against poverty and 
other hardships, bridges over the period from their 
arrival in this couiitr}' to their settlement in Iowa, 
the details of which are more fully given in the 
sketch of Alexander Sheriff. In partnership with 
his brother our subject i)urchased a tract of wild 
land in this county, and began the development of 
a farm, which they operated in partnership until 
1804, w'hcn the property was divided, George re- 
ceiving one hundred and ten acres as his share. He 
resided in a small frame house that stood upon his 
land until 1867, when he replaced the ]iioneer cabin 
by a commodious and tasty residence. 

The following year Mr. Sheriff was united in 
marriage with Caroline Brown, and upon the farm 
where they still make their home ten children were 
born unto them. Seven of that number are yet 
living, and with the exception of Mary E., wife of 
George Evans, of Warren County, Iowa, all are 
still under the parental roof. In order of birth 
they are as follows: George A., James D., Mary 
E.. Albert, Alice, Janet and Arthur A. Mrs. Sheriff 
is a daughter of Daniel and Mary ( Allen ) Brown, 
both of whom were natives of England. Her father 
is a farmer by occupation, and is still engaged in 
that business in Van Bnren County. His wife died 
many years ago, when Mrs. Sheriff was a young 
girl of seventeen years. They had a family of three 
children: Alice, wife of Alexander Garrow, of 
Warren County, Iowa; William, of Cherokee, that 
State; and Caroline, wife of our subject. 

The career of Mr. Sheriff is another example of 
the fact that success comes not alone to those who 
begin life under favorable circumstances. In his 



eai'liei- years the |ialh wliiuh he trod was certainly 
not a Ihoniloss one. He had to overcome many dis- 
advantajjes and suiniounl many obstacles, Init ho 
never faltered. Pressing forward he has now 
gained a [losition among the well-to-do citizens of 
the community, as the result of his own effort. His 
fine farm comprises three hundred and fifty-eight 
acres, all of which is under an excellent state of 
cultivation with the exception of eight acres of 
timber land. He raises a good grade of stock of 
all kinds, has the latest improved machinerj', and 
all other essentials of a well-regulated farm. In 
political sentiment he is a liepnblican, having sup- 
ported that part}' since his arrival in this country. 
He and his wife are members of the Presliyterian 
Ohnreh, and have taken an active part in its work, 
aiding materially in the advancement of the cause. 


■*,EN. JOHN H. LOOBY, ex-Adjutant-Oen- 
-. eral of Iowa, who, since the autumn of 
■^ii^ 185G, has been a resident of Des Moines, is 
one of the most widelj' and favoralily known of 
Polk County's prominent citizens. His acquainl- 
ance extends over the entire Stale, and embraces 
some of the honored men of the country. His rec- 
ord as a soldier is one above rei)roach in every 
particular, and his heroic conduct won him the 
love, respect and confidence of those who were wit- 
nesses of his army life. 

Gen. Looby was born in what was then the 
Province of Quebec, now Ontario, Nov. 25, 18;35. 
His native town was Newmarket, in the county of 
York, and his parents were Lawrence and Mary 
(O'Brien) Looby, who were reared and married in 
tlieir native county, in the south of Ireland, and 
shortly afterward crossed the Atlantic to America, 
settling in Canada. The father was a farmer b}' 
occn|iation, and continued to live in the town of 
Newmarket until his death, which occurred when 
his son, John H., was a lad of twelve j'ears. His 
wife survived him many years, dying at the home 
of her daughter in Chicago, in 1888. To Lawrence 
and Mary Looby were born three children who 
grew to mature years, our subject being the oidy 

son. His elder sister, Bridget, became a .Sister of 
Charity and Mother Sui)erior, and occupied a high 
|H).^ition in that order. For a long time she had 
charge of a Catholic Academy in New Orleans, and 
was then sent on a mission connected with the 
Church, to Paris. She died a number of years ago 
in New York City, soon after her return from 
France. The younger sister, Catherine, is the wife 
of a Mr. Wheeler, of l^ittsburg, Pa. 

Soon after the death of his father, (Jen. Looby 
went to Canandaigua, N. Y., where relatives of the 
family weie living, and obtained employment with 
Orrin Crittenden, wlio lived a!)OUt seven miles from 
the city. During the summer months he worked 
as a farm hand, and during the winter did chores for 
his board, while attending school. In that manner 
about four years of his life were spent, when at the 
age of seventeen years he began an apprenticeshi|) 
to the painter's trade in Canandaigua, where 
he remained about three years, when he went to 
Rochester, X.Y., where he learned graining and or- 
namental [lainting, becoming quite proficient in the 
art. His employer, T. II. .Stringham, emigrated to 
Des Moines in 185G, and believing it furnished a 
good opening for work in his line of business, in- 
duced Mr. Looby to join him in his new home. He 
again entered the employ of that gentleman, with 
whom he remained until he bought out the busi- 
ness, which he continued in his own interest until 
the spring of 18GI,vvhen he sold, feeling that his 
services were needed in behalf of his countr}', 
whose destruction had now been fully determined 
on by the slaveholders of the South. 

On the 26th of June, previous, Gen. Looby was 
united in marriage with Miss Mary IClizabcth Nor- 
ton, the wedding being celebrated in l^es Moines, 
the I\ev. Dr. Nash olliciating. Bidding adieu to 
his bride of a few short months, and putting aside 
every other consideration which would naturally 
occu|iy his attention, he gave himself up to duty 
in the field, enlisting in Company D, Second Iowa 
Infantry, in April, 18G1, in response to President 
Lincoln's first call for troops. He was mustered 
into the United States service on the 27th of May, 
as a private, and with his regiment went immedi- 
ately to Hannibal, Mo. The first engagement in 
which the Second Iowa took part was at Ft. Donel- 



son on the IJlli, 15th and ICtli of Fobriiary, 1862. 
I>uriiig that encounter liis regiment was found in 
the liotte&t of the struggle, and was tlie first to enter 
tlie fort after its surrender. Jt was als(j at the front 
at the battle of Siiiioh on the Gth and 7lh of April, 
following, and did effective service. At about 4 
o'clock on Sunday — the first day of the battle — as 
the Second was falling back to secure a better po- 
sition, they received a severe cross fire from the 
Confederates. Gen. I.,ooby was shot down, sup- 
posed by his comrades to be fatally injured. Me 
received a bulletin his bod}', which [lassed through 
the muscles of the riglit arm, the apex of the right 
lung, grazed the spinal column ami lodged just be- 
neath the skin, under the riglit shoulder blade. He 
Lay where he fell until near the close of the follow- 
ing da}-, when the ground was retaken by the Union 
forces, but his wound was not dressed for many 
hours later. All around him on the battlefield lay 
the wounded and dead of both Union and Rebel 
forces. Close by him lay a Confederate, severely 
woundtd, and our subject, forgetting emnity in 
pity, shared with him his canteen of water. After 
lying there together for many weary hours they 
were at length taken to the same iiospital. but after 
that he lost all track of his unknown companion. 
Mr. Looby was taken to Hospital No. 5, Louis- 
ville, Kj-., arriving April 13, and it was then 
for the first time that his wound was thoroughly 
dressed. He was granted a thirtj' days' furlough 
May 16, and although owing to the serious nature 
of his wound, it was almost impossible ft)r him to 
travel, he returned home, rightly believing that the 
companionship and tender nursing of his wife 
would do more to restore him to health, than an}' 
ministration in the hospitals of the South. His fur- 
lough was extended for three weeks, but before 
the expiration of that time he reported for duty at 
Clinton, Iowa, and was commissioned Second Lieu- 
tenant of Company G, Eighteenth Iowa Infantr}-, 
■ having been discharged from his former regiment 
to enable him to accept the promotion. It was 
only his untiring energy and determination that 
caused him to return to the army, as his wound 
was still in a bad condition and quite painful. Jn 
fact iiis health was |)ermanently impaired, and dur- 
ing the remainder of his army life he served on de- 

tached duty. He was acting Adjutant of the 
Eighteenth Iowa from Se|>tember 1, 1862, until 
near the close of the following j-ear, when he was 
recommended for promotion to the captiincy of his 
company. He however refused to accept the po- 
sition, having decided to enter a colored regiment, 
and on .Tanuary 14, 1864, was mustered out of the 
Eigliteenlh Iowa as Second Lieutenant, and as First 
Lieutenant entered the Sixty -second United States 
Colored Infantr}', in wiiich capacity he served until 
.June 3, 1864, when he was commissioned Captain. 
Shortly after he was detailed as assistant Inspector 
(•eneral, and while acting as such was ordered, on 
Gen. Lawler's review, as Inspector General, and 
later was made assistant Adjutant-General, with 
headquarters at Ringgold Barracks, on the Rio 
(irande, in Texas. This was in 1805, and soon af- 
terward the war closed. On the 8th of January, 
1863, he participated in the battle of Springfield, 
Mo., and on May 12, 1865, he took part in the 
battle of Boco Chico, the last battle of the war. 
He was mustered out at Brownsville, Tex., March 
31, 1866, the regiment disbanding in St. Louis, on 
the 21st of April, and arriving home May o, fol- 
lowing. He had been brevetted Major by Congress 
on the 10th of May, his commission being signed 
by Edwin M. Stanton, Secretar}' of War, and An- 
drew Johnson, President of the United States. 

Gen. Looby was endowed by nature with a ro- 
bust constitution, and remarkable will power and 
determination, which enabled him, notwithstand- 
ing the severe injuries which he sustained, 
which would have incapacitated most men for 
duty, to continue in the service until the end of the 
struggle. His promotion came not through intlu- 
ential friends, but was the result of worth, and the 
reward of gallantry, braver}' and faithful service. 
He entered into business immediately after his re- 
turn home and continued active operations, not- 
withstanding his broken health, uutil June 25, 
1870, when he was partially disabled by a para- 
lytic shock. He soon after sold out the business in 
which he was then engaged in Des Moines. On 
Christmas of the same year he received a second 
attack, which totally disabled him for any active 
business, since which time he has lived in practical 
retirement. On the 1st of October, 1876, lie was 



commissionoil Adjiitant-Ooin'ial of Iowa. 1)V Gov. 
Kirkwood, and liis administration of that ollice was 
vtiy able and effective. In fact, it is adniilteil 
even by many of Ids political oijponents. that the 
duties of the ollice were never conducted in a more 
able manner. 

As before stated. Gen. Looby was married a 
short time prior to the opeiang of the war. His 
wife was born in Trumbull County, Ohio, in 1830, 
and is a daughter of David and Elizabeth Norton. 
She lost her mother when she was an infant, after 
which her father was again married, but his second 
wife died in 18.50. In company with his <Ianghter. 
he became a resident of Iowa in 18.t(j, and died in 
Osceola, t'larUe County, December 28, 1879, at the 
age of eighty- two years, having been born in the 
Shenandoah \'alley of Virginia, October 30, 1797. 
At the age of ten years he removed with his par- 
ents to Trumbull County, Ohio. He was a worthy 
citizen, and for many years a member of the Free- 
will Ba|)tist Church. Mrs. Looby came to Des 
Moines in 1858, and for two years prior to her 
marriage, engaged in teaching in the public schools. 
The General and his wife are numbered among the 
highlv esteemed citizens of Des Moines, and in the 
social world, where worth and intelligence are taken 
as the passports, hold a high position. He is an 
honored member of Crocker Post, No. 12, G. A. R.,. 
and served for si.^ years as (Quartermaster of the 

II -^ ON. CHARLES A. BISHOP, of Des Moines, 
j|l Judge of the Ninth Judicial District, was 
^ elected to Ids present position in November, 
1889. He is a native of Wisconsin and was 
born in Waukeslia County, near the city of that name 
M.ay 22, 18.') 4. His father, M. P. Bishop, was a pioneer 
of Waukesha Count}-, and later moved to Walworth 
County, where he died Januar}- 1, 1883. His mother 
died when lie was but twelve years of age. Charles 
was third in order of birth of five sons and two 
daughters. His eldest brother is Dr. Ira Bishop, a 
practicing iiliysician of Mapleton, Minn.; Frank is 
a resident of Blue Earth County, Minn.; John, the 
youngest, also resides at Mai)leton, while Albert 

died at the age of twelve years. The elder of the 
two sisters is Mrs. Kittle Dow, who with her fam- 
ily resides on the old homestead in Walworth 
County, Wis. The 3'oungest daughter, Nellie, is a 
teacher in the schools of Palmyra, Wis. 

The earl}^ education of the subject of this sketch 
was received in the public schools, but quite early 
in lif(! he deterndncd to qualify himself for the 
legal profession, and at the age of nineteen 3^ears 
was perusing law books at home. Later he pros- 
ecuted his studies in the law office and under the 
instruction of J. II. Page, of Whitewater, Wis. 
Here he remained for a considerable time when, 
having to secnie means for the prosecution of his 
profession, he engaged iu teaching, taking charge 
of a school at Clinton ville, Wis., in the meantime 
continuing his law studies. He was admitted to the 
bar at Waupaca, Wis., in Dacember, 1875. Com- 
ing to Iowa soon after, he formed a partnership 
with his uncle, George Bishop, at La Porte, Black 
Hawk County. There he continued until the spring 
of 1883, when he formed a partnershiii with Judge 
S. Bagg, of Waterloo. After practicing in Water- 
loo for a short time the firm removed their office to 
Miuneapoiis, I\Iinn. About a year later the death 
of Judge Bagg occurred, when Mr. Bishop decided 
to locate at Des Moines, and was here connected 
with the bar until his election fo the bench. 

Judge Bishop was married, in Palmyra, Wis., to 
Miss Delia M. Dow. They have three children, a 
son and two daughters — Alvord L., Lura J., and 
Josie K. In the few years that Judge P.ishop had 
been a member of the bar of Polk County' previous 
to his assuming the duties of his present office, he 
had established a reputation as an able lawyer, and 
the ability with which he discharges the duties of his 
present position justifies the highest expectations of 
hi.s constituents. When Judge Bishop began his 
legal practice in Des Moines, he became associated 
with Baker & Kavanagh, and when the latter was 
elected District Judge, the firm became Baker, 
Bishop A' Haskins. A j-ear later he retired from 
the firm and was employed as an assistant to the 
Attorney General, in special connection with rail- 
road litigation, and continued in that capacity un- 
til the siiring of 1 889, when he w.ts aiipointed to 
hid present pos'tiou, and elected at the fall elcclion 



of the same year to fill out the vacancj' occasioned 
by the election of Judge J. (liven to the Supreme 
Bench. .Judge Bishop had the honor of defending 
Gov. Larr.ibee in his recent celebrated trial for libel. 
He is a Republican in politics. While a resident of 
Black Hawk County he was elected to the Legisla- 
ture of Iowa, and served willi nuich credit in the 
Ninth General Assembl}'. 

.ludge Bishop is a conspicuous example of the 
success to be attained by pei-sevcring and well-di- 
rected effort. His attainments are the result of his 
individual effort, under circumstances that would 
discourage most lads and young men. Matthew 
P. Bishop, his father, was a pioneer farmer of Wis- 
consin, and could not give his large family the 
educational advantages that many now enjoy in the 
same region. By following out his early determin- 
ation, Jndge Bishop fitted himself for and ad- 
mitted to legal practice without the aid or influence 
of any save himself, and deserves all the honor 
which the people of Iowa can bestow on him. 

lEORGE BOGANWRIGHT, who is exten- 
(-— . sivelj' engaged in stock raising on section 
J[( 18, Bloom field Township, is numbered 
among the early settlers of the county, having for 
thirty years been identified with its agricultural 
interests. He born upon a farm in Perry 
County, OImo. in October. 1810, and is of German 
lineage. His father, Adam Boganwright, a native 
of Pennsylvaniti, was a cabinet ni.aker by trade but 
fullowed farming much more than he did tliat oc- 
cupation, lie was twice married, his first union 
being with Sarah Rider, wlio was also a native of 
t!ie Keystone Stale, and died in 1824. Seven 
cliii'lrcn were born unto them l)ut only three are 
now living, namely: Lawrence, who resides on the 
old liomcstoad in Perry County, Ohio; Samuel, a 
farmer of Fairfield County, Ohio; and George of 
this sketch. Dm lug the pioneer days when Ohio considered one of the Western States, IMr. 
Boganwright emigrated witli his family to Perry 
County, where he devpl(>|i('(l a farm and spent the 
remainder of his days, dying in the year I8(U; at the 

.advanced age of one hundred and four years. His 
second marriage was celebrated in 1825. when he 
was joined in wedlock with Sophia Armstrong, by 
whom he had two children — Peter, a lawyer of Perry 
County; and Belinda, wife of Dr. AViiliam 11. Shank, 
who is eng!»ged in the practice of his profession in 
the same county. 

The days of his boyhood and youth our sub- 
ject passed upon his father's farm in Ohio. His 
education was acquired in a little log school-house 
with slab seats, a huge fire-pl.ace in one end, and 
other such conveniences. As soon as old 'enough 
to handle a plow he began work upon the farm 
and assisted iiis father in his labors to provide for 
the familj' until twenty- nine years of age, when 
he began working in his own interests. He has al- 
ways devoted his attention to agricultural pursuits 
and his undertakings have been crowned with suc- 
cess. For a time he was engaged in farming in 
Licking County', Ohio, but since 18.59, aided in 
the development of the prairie lands of Polk 
Count3'. In 1856, he visited Iowa and being 
pleased with the outlook of the country purchased 
land in Bloomfield Township, but it was not till 
three j'ear3 later that he made a permanent location. 
Wholly destitute of improvement he has had to 
develop his farm from the beginning. The first 
home of the family was a little log cabin, but in 
1872, the pioneer building was re|)laced by a com- 
modious and substantial residence. It is no easy 
task to convert unbroken land into profitable farms 
and during the first years of his residence in the 
county, Mr. Boganwright labored from early dawn 
until late at night. Possessing a determination to 
overcome all obstacles, the hardships of frontier 
life seemed but to nerve him for greater effort, un- 
til now a fine farm of two hundred and fifteen acres 
pays a golden tribute to his care and cultiv.ation. 
Ho also devotes considerable time to stock raising, 
and now has on hand thirty-eight head of cattle 
and sixteen horses. 

In 1847. Mr. Boganwright married Miss Bar- 
bara Menlzer, and by their union were born five 
children, three of whom are yet living, — John of 
this county; Fmma, wife of George Evans; and 
Samuel, a resident of Colorado. The mother, who a consistent member of the Methodist Episco- 




pal C'hiircli, dicil on the SUi ihiy of November, 
18G3. Jlr. Boganwriglit was njiain mairied Jan- 
uary 4, 18GG, bis second union being with Saraii K. 
Flin, by whom he has two children — Mary, wife 
of Artiiur V>agg of Bloonitiehl Townsliip; and Eva- 
lena, who is still at home. Mrs. Buganwrighl had 
been previously married, her tiist husband having 
been Nathaniel Flin. They also had two children. 
Alice and Jim W. The niotlier was born in 
Indiana, April 12, i836, and is a daughter of Jolui 
and Mar}' (Case) Gilbreth. both of whom were na- 
tives of the same .Slate. Her father made farming 
ills life work. He died in l)cs Moines in 1862, but 
his wife is still living and resides in I'olk County 
with her children, at the ripe old age of sevent}-- 
three years. They were parents of a family or five 
sons and four daughters — .John. Thcopholis. Joseph, 
Jury, Marj-, Ida, Sarah, Benjamin and Cynthia A. 
The two last named are now deceased. 

Mr. Boganwright has been a witness of the nianj' 
great changes which have taken place in Polk 
County since 1859. He is a pulilic-spirited citizen, 
enter|)rising and progressive and has ever wiilingh' 
borne his part in the upbuilding and advancement 
of the county's best interests. He keeps himself 
well informed on all public affairs and is a man of 
worth. He cast his first Presidential vote for 
William Henry Harrison and supported the Whig- 
party until the organization of the Re[)nblican part}-, 
when he joined its ranks. He has never held pub- 
lic ofHee, but has steadily refused the many polit- 
ical honors tendered him, wishing to devote his en- 
tire time to his farm and enjoyment of the pleasures 
of the home. His household is noted for its hos- 
l)itality and he and his family are held in high re- 
gard by their many friends. 

uiitti ...l><Ml.rTTn 


If there is one thing above another of 
which Des Moines, Iowa, is justly proud, 
it is that she can boast of a corps of edu- 
cators second to none in the State, and in the front 
rank of tiiese stands Prof. Dungan, Dean of the 
Bible College, and Mce Presitlent of the College of 

Letters and Science, of Drake University. He was 
born in Noble County, Ind., on tlie 15th of May, 
1837, and in his boyhood days was inured to the 
hardships of farm life. His early ancestors on 
both sides were natives of England. On the pater- 
nal side they crossed the ocean and settled near the 
site of the present city of Philadelphia, two years 
prior to the arrival of William Penu in America, 
and were among the first to purchase land from the 
United Cohjnies. The great-grandfather of our 
subject. L(^vi Dungan, was a valiant soldier during 
the Revolutionarj' War. He afterward removed 
to Beaver County, Pa., locating west of Pittsburg, 
where- he acquired an extensive tract of land. Two 
of his sons served in the War of 1812, one of them 
acting on the staff of Gen. R. ;\I. Johnson, during 
the battle in which that gallant Indian chief, Te- 
cumseli, fell. Isaiah Dungan, the grandfather of 
the Professor, was a man of remarkable vigor and 
power. He was a second time married when sev- 
enty-four years of age, and it was not until tvveuty 
years later that he departed this life, his death be- 
ing caused by injuries received. His first wife w,as 
a Miss Taylor, a distant relative of President 
Zachary Taylor. 

The seventh child of that union became the fa- 
ther of our subject. He was liorn in Beaver County, 
Pa., in 1807, and when a boy accompanied his par- 
ents to the Western Reserve of Ohio, where his 
father j)urchased land and erected a mill, but an 
older claim proved valid, and they lost all they 
had except the mill and the ground on which it 
stood. The family were thus forced to seek a home 
further AVest, but before leaving Ohio, James Dun- 
gan wedded Jlary A Johns, who was born near 
Wilmington, Ohio, in 1811, and when a small girl 
was left with six brothers and sisters to the tender 
care of a widowed mother. Soon after their mar- 
riage the}' removed to Noble County, Ind., and five 
years later, 1838, became residents of Clay County, 
that State, where Mr. Dungan engaged in farming 
and operated a mill. For many^'cars he i)reaciied 
the Gospel in that community, receiving no salary-, 
content if he could in any way further iiis Master's 
cause. His own physical ailments led him to study 
medicine, and on his removal to Harrison County, 
Iowa, in 1852, through f.ii'h in his aliility to heal. 



iind tl\e sc:irfity of physicians, he was fureeil into 
practice, which he still continues to a limited ex- 
tent in California, tliough he has now reached the 
advanced age of eighty-two years. His faithful 
wife was called from his side wiiile in Harrison 
County, dying at the age ef forty five years. She 
was one of Christ's faithful disciples, and her many 
acts of kindness won her a place in the love and 
esteem of all who knew iier. Of the eight children 
horn to tiiat worth3- couple, but five are living. 
The sons are: Isaiah, a farmer and manfacturer; 
Michael C, a farmer and minister, of California; 
and David R. 

The last named is the one in whom tlie people of 
Iowa are especially interested. He received his 
elementary education in the old-time Hoosier dis- 
trict schools, and after coming to this State was 
permitted to attend the Kentucky University for 
about a year, but his ripe scholarship and extensive 
knowledge are pre-eminently due to his own per- 
sistent effort, though he makes grateful acknowl- 
edgements to his private tutors, Prof. G. U. Hand, 
of Woodward Universit}'; KIder Eli P"isher, of 
Eureka College; and Prof. A. R. Benton, Chancel- 
lor of Nebraska University. On the 31st of March, 
1858, by confession and baptism, he united with 
the Church of Christ in Harrison County, Iowa, 
and a year later preached his first sermon to a large 
audience in a grove in Pottawattamie Count}'. The 
only distinct impressions of the occa.sion which he 
still retains are of the grove, the sea of faces and 
his own embarrassment. From 185'J until 1863, 
his energies were divided among three callings — 
farming, teaching and preaching. The last year 
was spent in Plaltsraouth, Neb., and in connection 
with his public school duties at that place lie per- 
formed pastoral work for two congregations. In 
1864 he was selected by the Missionary Board as 
the first missionar}' sent b}' the Christian Church to 
that Stale, and for six and a half years he zealously 
devoted himself to that field of labor. The vast 
amount of good which lie accomplished will never 
be known until his life record is read above. When 
he first entered upon thcr work, the financial sup- 
port came largely from the Missionary Board, but 
under hi.s judicious management the fichl became 
self-supporting, and at his request the approin-iated 

fund was withheld. Having accepted a call from 
the church in Lincoln, Neb., in 1871, he served 
acceptably as its pastor for three years. During 
his residence in the Slate, Prof. Dungan also filled 
a number of other positions worth}' of mention. 
He was Chaplain of the House during the session 
of the first State Legislature, and of the Senate 
throughout the sessions of 1872 and 1873. He was 
the author of the Prohibition Bill which was intro- 
duced into the Senate by Senator Dillon, and with 
one more vote would have passed that bod}-. From 
1868 until 1871 he was one of the Board of Re- 
gents of the Nebraska University, and was also 
Chairman of the board appointed to collect the llora 
and fauna of the State for the museum, and books 
for the library of the school. The committee did 
its work well, leaving the institution richly fur- 

Prof. Dungan's work in Iowa began in 1874. 
when he accepted a call from the Church in Oska- 
loosa, where he labored three years, also serving jis 
one of the Board of Trustees of Oskaloosa College. 
He always been a strong temperance man. and 
in 1879 permitted his name to be placed before 
the people as the Prohibition candidate for Gov- 
ernor of Iowa, not with the expectation of being 
elected but to forward an interest of vital impor- 
tance to the Nation. Having preached to the 
church in Ml. Pleasant. Iowa, for a few months. 
Prof. Dungan then took charge of the church in 
Davenport, where he remained until called, in 
1883, to Ihe Chair of Sacred Literature in Drake 
University. The following year he was chosen 
Vice President of the College of Arts and Sciences, 
and in 1887, was made Dean of the Theological 
Department. In June, 1881. the University con- 
ferred upon him the degree of A. M. To belter 
prepare himself for the work, in the fall of 1885), 
Prof. Dungan made a to-ir of the Old World, vis- 
iting its greatest historic centers, especially those 
connected with s.acred history, bringing back with 
him a fund of knowledge that will be distributed, 
through his students, to thousands who will never 
have the privilege of beholding those scenes for 

On tlie 17th of February. 1861, Prof. Dungan 
wjis united in the holy bonds of malriniony with 



Sliss Mary A. Kinnis. a native of I'oilli. Scotland. 
Slie was reared in Glasgow, however, until her 
fifleenth year, when she accompanied her parents 
to America. 'I'hcir union has been blessed with 
eight children, six of whom arc yet living: Ella 
J., who was graduated from Drake Inivcrsity in 
the clnss of 1887; David E.. Robert M., James A., 
Allen 15. and Daniel O. 

Prof. Dungan is widely known as a debater, hav- 
ing had twenty-six public contests — live with Infi- 
dels, nine with Atlventists, and twelve with Pcdo 
B.aptists. In discussion his manner is dignified, 
his logic convincing, and his thoughts are presented 
in a clear and comprehensive style. Those who 
have heard him pronounce him a master hand, and 
Ills opponents find that they have met their equal, 
if they are not completely' routed. Many books of 
note are from the pen of Prof. Dungan, his best- 
known works being: '-On the Rock," "Modern 
Phases of Skepticism," a course of lectures deliv- 
ered in Oskaloosa College ; "Rum, Ruin and the 
Remedy;" "Chang Foo, or the Latest Fashions in 
Religion;" "Dungan-.Tameson Debate on Spiritual- 
ism," Modern Revivalism," "IngersoU's Mistakes 
abont Moses," "Our Place and Mission," "What 
Shall We Do," and "Hernien(utics, or The Princi- 
ples of Interpretation." The last is being adoi)ted 
bj' colleges as a text book. 

V|?OHN COOPER, M. D., Professor of Surgery 
and Dean of the faculty of the Iowa Eclectic 
Medical College, of Des Moines, is a native 
of the Buckeye State. He was born in Pre- 
ble County, September 3. 1841, and belonged to a 
family of five children, three sons and two daugh- 
ters. William Cooper, the founder of the family 
in America, was a native of Scotland. In his youth 
be went to London, where he worked at the tailor's 
trade until after his marriage, when with his young 
wife he sailed for America, locating in ^'irginia. 
Their son, Alexander, was born in that State and 
after his marriage removed with his famil}' to Pre- 
ble County, Ohio, becoming one of its pioneer set- 
tlers, lie had twelve children, of whom James 

Cooper, the father of our subject was the second in 
order of liirtli. He was liorn in Virginia prior to 
the emigration of the family to Ohio, and on reach- 
ing }"ears of niaturit>- chose for his life companion 
Delilah liaker, who was also a native of Virginia, 
but when a cliild became a resident of the Buckeye 
State. That worthy couple who for so many years 
traveled life's journey together were seiiaratcd by 
the hand of death in 1 88G, the wife being called to 
her last rest. Mr. Cooper is still living in Ohio, at 
the age of seventy-four years. Leaving the ranks 
of the Whig parly on the organization of the new 
Reiiublican party, he has since been one of valiant 
supporters of the latter. He has not gained a wide 
reputation, but his life is great in that it is g(H)d. 
Ho has long been a faithful member of the Baptist 
Church, as was .also his wife. The three sons of 
their family have all followed the medical profes- 
sion, William and Isaiah being able physicians of 
Kokomo, Tnd. 

John Cooler, the well known physician of Des 
Moines, receivc<l his earl}' training on his father's 
farm and in the district schools. Afterwards he 
prepared himself for teaching in the Kokomo Nor- 
mal College, and for six years followed that pro- 
fession. InlSCland 18G.5, he attended a course 
of lectures in the Eclectic Medical Institute of Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, and during the five succeeding years 
engaged in practice in Young America, near Ko- 
komo, Ind. In 1870, he graduated from the above 
school, and then returned to his former location, 
where he continueil until 1873, which year wit- 
nessed his removal to Iowa. He opened an office 
in W^interset, where for ten years he successfully 
followed his chosen calling, when he' came to Dcs- 
Moines. He has proved himself a valuable addition 
to the medical fraternity of Polk County. Since 
1881 Dr. Cooi)er has been connected with an Eclectic 
Medical College of Des Moines, and in November, 
1887, when the Iowa Eclectic Medical College was 
incorporated and immecliately began work, he was 
elected Dean of the facult3^ It is to his influence 
and untiring efforts, more than to any other source, 
that the success of the school is due. At the close 
of the second terra, its graduates numbered twenty 
and it has a promise of a long and successful ca- 



In Mny. 18G5, the Doctor was unitetl in marriage 
Willi Miss Ladoska A. Daggett, of Galveston, Ind., 
where their only eliikl P)iillev, was iwrn. The lat- 
ter is now a promising young physician at Win- 
terset, this State. Close application and long 
experience have made Dr. Cooper master of his pro- 
fession, lie has now been in active practice for a (jnarter of a century, and the liberal pat- 
ronage which he receives testifies to his skill and 
ability. He is courteous in manner, genial in dis- 
jiosition, and wins friends wlierever he goes. Al- 
though reared in the faith of the Republican party, 
for several yeavs past the Doctor has alliliatcd with 
the (Jrecnback party. He is an honored member of 
the Iowa State Eclectic Medical Society, of the Na- 
tional Eclectic Medical Association and also belongs 
to the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 

ILLIAM G. BAGG, deceased, was born in 
West S|)riuglield, JIass., February 1, 1833, 
W^ ''""1 fli*-''' ^^ I'is home on section IG, Bloom- 
field Township, .lanuar}' 10. 1888. He was the 
younger of two sons of Justus and Sarah (Day) 
Bagg, natives of the Ba\' State, where the father 
engaged in farming until his death in 1871, long 
surviving his wife, who crossed the dark river in 
18;!9. The elder son, Harvey, is still living near 
the old homestead in West Siiriugliold. The father 
after the death of his wife in 1^39, married Delia 
Loomis, by whom he had two children — Joseph and 
Huldah; all arc novv living on the old homestead. 

Mr. Bagg was only six years old vvhen he suffered 
the loss of his mother. He remained with his fa- 
ther until attaining his majority, and in his boy- 
hood dajs acquired such education as the common 
schools and Westlield Academy affordeil. When 
he had arrived at man's estate, he left home to 
seek his own fortune. Going to Henry County, 
111., he rented some land which he cultivated until 
1855, when he emigrated to Adair Count}', Iowa, 
and in that section entered six hundred acres of 

He is one of the founders of Greenlield, the 
county seat of Adair County, having been assisted 

in his labors by Mathew Clark and Isaac Myers. 
They pui-chrsed the land and laid out the town and 
were actively engaged in the upbuilding and de- 
velopment for .some time. Mr. Bagg held the oftice 
of Postmaster of Greenfield for three years and at 
thiTsame time carried on his farming operations on 
the outskirts of the town, there remaining until his 
return to his native State in November, 1857. A 
desire to see his oM home was one of the infiuences 
which caused his return, but a more i)owerful one 
was made manifest when on the 4th of February, 
1858, he led to the marriage altar Miss Persis E. 
Brooks, who was one of eight children born to 
Philo and Harriet (Hing) Brooks. Her parents 
were natives of West Springfield, Mass., and de- 
cended from families of English origin. The fa- 
ther carried on f.•f^raing in the Buy State until after 
the death of his wife in 1851, when he removed to 
Ohio, where his last days were spent. He was 
called home in 1872. Their family consisted of 
eight children — Sophia, wife of Durlin Hickok, of 
Geneva, Ohio ; Alfred, of Ilion, New York ; Persis 
E. widow of W. (i. Bagg. of Des ]\Ioines. Iowa; Lu- 
cien, deceased, of Hamilton, Ontario; Eliza, widow 
of James Kendall; Emil}', wife of Daniel Steel; 
Frances, widow of Charles Myers, all of Ilion N. Y.; 
and Gilbert, decetised, of Adair Count}', Iowa. 

Immediately after his marriage Mr. Bagg started 
with his joung bride for his home in Adair Count}', 
Iowa, where he continued to resi<]e for about 
six years. The }ear 18G4, witnessed their arrival 
in Polk County. Having disposed of his |)roperty 
in Adair County, Mr. Bagg purchased forty acres 
in Bloomfleld Townshij), which he cultivated for 
six years, when he made of thirty-five 
acres on section 16, Bloomfleld Township. That 
tract was then in its primitive condition, being 
covered with hazel brush and wholly unimproved. 
He at once erected a barn in which the family lived 
until a dwelling could be built. He turned the 
first furrow upon his land, cleared and plowed it, 
planted crops and gave his whole attention to its 
cultivation for two years, during which time a won- 
derful transformation took place in its api)earance. 
He then combined brickmaking with his other la- 
bors, conducting that branch of his business with 
excellent success until 1884, when he began the 



erection of buildings in the cit^'. A number of 
brifk buildings in Des Moines were put up under 
his supervision and as fast as he could dispose of 
them to an advantage, he sold. The residence in 
which Mrs. Bagg is now living, waserecied by him 
ill 187.J and is one of the best homes in the town- 
slii|). It is neatly and comfortably furnished and 
the yards are in keeping with the house, an at- 
tractive feature being the grove of evergreens 
which surround the house. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Bagg were born eight chihhen, 
but the eldest died in infancy. Those living are 
Frank P.. Arthur G., Cliarles P., Harvey D. Har- 
riet, Nellie and .Sarah, all still residing with their 
mother with the exception of the seconil son, who 
wedded May Boganwright, April 25, 1889, and is 
now engaged as foreman of the Western While 
Bronze Company', of Des Moines. 

Mr. Bagg,' s. success in life was due to his own ef- 
forts, his possessions having been acquired as the 
result of industrj', enterprise and the exercise of 
correct Inisiness principles. In politics he was a 
stalwart Kepubliean. He held several minor oflices 
of the township and the duties of the positions 
were ably discharged. He was well informed on 
the toiiics of the day. He was liberal with his 
means for the advancement of public enterprises 
and the support of charitable and benevolent insti- 
lulions, and the deserving never called in vain for 
his assistance. But it was in the family circle where 
his true life was shown. He was cvir watchful of 
the comforts and welfare of his faniilv and in his 
death they lost a loving husband and tender father, 
whose place can never be filled. 

^7 0HN L. SMITH, deceased, was born in Caz- 
enovia, N. Y., on the 12th of December, 
1814. His father, Isaac .Smith, removed to 
' Cattaraugus County, N. Y., in an early da}-, 
where he died in 1830, leaving a widow with sev- 
eral children depending upon her for support. Our 
subject was then but sixteen years of age, and as 
his father had left no property, he was forced to 

begin life for himself without assistance. Posses- 
sing a vigorous constitution and a determined will, 
he staj'tcd out to make his own wa^- in the world. 
Traveling westward he at length reached the then 
wilds of Michigan, Wisconsin, and the Upper iNIis- 
sissippi Valley, going as far north as Lake Supe- 
rior, wheie he was for many years amongthe Chip- 
pewas, Winnebagoes, and other Indian tribes as 
trader and in other capacities. He was in the cm- 
ploy of John Jacob Astor's American Fur Company 
for some time, and delivered furs in Chicago at an 
early day. At one time he remained in the wilder- 
ness for three years without seeing a white person, 
other than the two men who were engaged in busi- 
ness with him. He bore upon his person a number 
of scars, the result of a fight between himself, his 
two companions and some friendlj* Chip)iewas on 
one side, and hostile Winnebagoes on the other. 
The purchasing of furs at that time in the western 
country, had, connected with it, many responsibili- 
ties, and was a hazardous undertaking. The hand- 
ling of large sums of mone^', mostly in gold and 
silver, and the task of coTiveying it from one trad- 
ing ix)St to another thiough an unbroken wilder- 
ness on horseback, required nerve, courage and 
determination. The shipment of furs in canoes 
down the various rivers, was also hazardous in the 
extreme. At length he determined to leave the 
West, and joined his mother and family in Findlay, 
Ohio, whither they had removed some time pre- 
vious. In 1840, he became a resident of Piqua, 
Miami County, ( )hio, where for several years he was 
engaged in the manufacture of fanning mills in com- 
pany with E. Sawyer, under the lirni name of 
Sawyer & Smith, which lirm was well-known in 
Western Ohio. 

On the ;5d of May, 1842, on the old Blue Farm, 
one and a half miles east of Piqua, Mr. Smith was 
united in marriage with Mary A. (Jirard. They 
resided in Piqua until April. ISSO, when they re- 
moved to Uock Island. 111., where Mr. Smith en- 
gaged in the mercantile business until the last of 
September, 1854. In May, 1854, he came to ]3es 
Moines and i)urcliascd two lots on the northwest 
corner of AVest Eighth and'Walnut Streets,on which 
he erected the frame house which still remains 
thereon, hauling part of the luniljcr by wagon from 



Davenport. lie removed with his family to Des 
Moines, arriving on the 2d of October of that year. 
For some time Mr. Smilli engaged in the mercan- 
tile business on vSccond Street, near Vine, in a two- 
slory frame Ixiilding which is still standing, and 
then turned iiis attention to the business of loca- 
ting lands lliroughout western and northwestern 
Iowa. His next enterprise was in the marble busi- 
ness, in which he gained an extensive reputation 
tlnoughout the central and western portion of the 
Stale. In 18CC, he was appointed Indian agent for 
tlie Otoe and INIissouri tribes at the reservation in 
Gage County. Neb., on the northern line of Kansas, 
and held that position until superseded by the 
(iuaker policy of President Grant. He was very 
successful in promoting friendly relations with the 
Indians. In 1 808, he erected the frame residence 
on the northeast corner of West Walnut and Tenth 
Streets, where he made his home until his death. 
In INIay, 1870, he opened a grocery store on West 
Walnut Street, between Sixth and Seventh Streets, 
but subsequently sold out and engaged in the in- 
surance business. He was in the employ of, and 
traveling for Mills ik Co., publishers, at the time of 
his death. 

The death of Mr. Smith occurred al Stuart, Iowa, 
on the forenoon of the 2Gtli of May, 1874, the re- 
sult of injuries sustained by being thrown from a 
light wagon drawn by a runaway team. The ac- 
cident occurred just after he had crossed the rail- 
road track, going south, about three miles west of 
Stuart. His remains were interretl on the 29th of 
May, in the cemetery at Des Moines, where fifteen 
years later the body of his wife was also consigned 
to its last resting place. 

Mr. Smith was a man of strict integrity, and of 
unusual energy and activity. He was possessed of 
excellent judgment, and while ])Ositive in his con- 
victions, and strong in will, was of a cheerful and 
accommodating disposition. an<l made many warm 
friends. He was of large physique, and during his 
mature years was a great sufferer from asthma. As 
a member of the Old Settlers' Society, he took a 
great interest aiul active part in its affairs, and his 
funeral was attended by an unusually large number 
of llie members of that body. At the early age of 
fourteen years, Mr. Smith united with the Baptist 

Church, and continued a consistent and active mem- 
ber of that denomination to the time of his death. 
For many years he held the office of Deacon, and was 
widely known by bis brethren of the church 
throughout Central Iowa, being generally in at- 
tendance at the annual associations. He assisted 
largely in the building of the little brick Baptist 
Church which forraerl3' stood on Mulberr}' Street, 
north of the Court House, and subsequently aided 
in the erection of the present church edifice, which 
is located on the northeast corner of West Locust 
and Eighth Streets. 

Mary Ann (Girard) Smith, was born on the old 
Coleman farm near Troy, Ohio, on February 26, 
1818, and was a daughter of JohnGirard, whodicd 
during her infancy. Her mother subsequently lie- 
came the wife of Uriah Blue, a farmer residing one 
and a half miles east of Piqua, Ohio. She resided 
with her sister, Mrs. W. M. Garvey, of Piqua, for 
some time prior to her marriage. On the 3d of 
May, 1842, she became the wife of Mr. Smith, and 
followed the f(U'tunes of her husband until his 
death, which occurred May 26, 1874. From that 
time she continued to make her home, in companj- 
with her three daughters and son Edmund L. Smith, 
at the family residence on West Walnut and Tenth 
Streets until her death, which occurred at seven 
o'clock on the evening of February 20, 1889, on 
her seventy-first birth-d.a}'. She lived the allotted 
three-score j-ears and ten, but for some years prior 
to her demise, was confined to her home much of 
the time by sickness, but notwithstanding her atllic- 
tions, she was always cheerful, seldom complaining 
of her illness, and bore her sufferings with Christian 
fortitude. She was a true and firm friend, and her 
nianj' excellencies of character won her an I'nviable 
place in the esteem of a wide circle of acquaint- 
ances. She was a uiomber of the Old Settlers' .So- 
ciety, which attended her funeral in a body. .She 
had a large circle of warm friends among the la- 
ter, as well as the early residents of Des Moines. 
Her remains were temporarih' placed in a vault, 
and on the 4th of May, 1889, they were buried by 
the side of her husband, who long since had been 
called to the home prepared for the righteous. 
Mrs. Smith made a profession of religion, and be- 
came a member of the Baptist Church in her twelfth 



year, and continued a faiilifid follower of llie Di- 
vine Tcaclier. Her religious convictions were stron<j 
and she was an active and zealous worker in tlie 
church until confined to iu'r home by sickness. She 
then did not lose interest in the work, but her sym- 
pathies and prayers continued with the laborers in 
tiic Master's field. Her faith remained unshaken, 
and almost her last words to her pastor, Dr. H. L. 
Stetson, were, -For we know that, if our earthly 
house of this tabernacle were dissolved, we have a 
building of God. a house not made with hands, 
eternal in the iieavens." Not long afterward she 
was called to that home. 

Mr. and Mrs. Smith, sketches of whom we have 
given aboxc, left five children to mourn their lo^s 
— Ilirani Y., Alwilda E., Nevada JM., Edmund L. 
and Callie K. One daughter, Hannah J., died on 
the 2;»th of .Inly, 1856, aged eight months and 
seven days. 

i^m — — 

<^?;f RTHUR NOWLEN, M. D., of Des Moines, 
Iowa, is a Canadian b^' birth. He was born 
in Iroquois, near Prescott, Canada, on the 
ISthof.Tuly, 1818, his parents being Thomas and 
Lena (Serviss) Novvlcn. When two 3'ears of age, 
he lost his motlier by deatli, and on the removal 
of his father to Quebec, he left in the care of 
an uncle, residing near his birthplace. His early 
life was passed in mucli the usual manner of farmer 
lads, and the educational advantages which he re- 
ceived were such as the district schools afforded. 
On reaching manhood, he entered upon the study 
of medicine, attended lectures and was licensed to 
practice. He first opened au office in Matilda, now 
Iroquois, Canada, where, on the 2d of April, 1810, 
he led to the marriage altar Miss Asenath Proctor. 
Five children were born of their union. L. Har- 
vey, the eldest, is married, and resides in Marengo, 
Iowa County, Iowa. Wesley was twice married, 
his second wife being a Miss Hall, and is now a 
resident of Chester, Neb.; Ann is the widow of W. 
H. Record, and resides in De Kalb, 111.; Robert 
married Llbliie Preston and makes his home in 
Morrison, 111. Dr. James A. has been twice mar- 
ried. His first wife was a Miss Kidd. while his 

second union was with Louisa J. Houcler. He is 
a graduate of Rush Medical College, of Chicago, 
and of the Iniversity of New York, and is a thor- 
oughly educated physician, standing in the front 
rank of his profession in Whiteside County', 111., 
wiierc he makes his home. He is tiie i)resent county 
[)iiysi(ian and chief of the examiiiing boanl of 
pensions, and has a largo practice. 

Dr. Nowlcn, Sr., the subject of this sketch, emi- 
grated fr(un Canada to Worcester, WayneCounty, 
Ohio, in 1850, in company with his family, and 
thence removed to Canaan Center, where he prac- 
ticed his profession, in company with Dr. Shafer, 
for three years, when he removed to Whiteside 
County, 111. He was a pioneer and one of the 
founders of the now important cit}- of Morrison, 
111., where he established a large and lucrative prac- 
tice, continuing to make his home there until 1878, 
when he came to Des Moines. 

Having lost his first wife. Dr. Nowlen was again 
married, in this city, October 19, 18S2, his union 
being with Mr". Lizzie Coleman, widovv of Jacob 
Coleman, and a daughter of John Hooker. She 
had one child by her first marriage, Mina Cole- 
man, who is now engaged in teaching school. The 
mother was born in Montgomery County, and the 
danghter in Philadelphia, Pa. Mrs. Nowlen is 
skilled musician, and given instruction in in- 
strumental nni.sic for a consiilcrable time. She is a 
member of the Methodist Episcoi)al Church, and 
has a brother, who has been Presiding Elder of the 
Evangelical Church. Her father is now deceased, 
while the mother, Elizabeth, i)ce Horning, is still 
living, at the age of seventy-nine. One child, a 
son, Arthur Eber, was born to Dr. Nowlen and his 
present wife, December 23, 1883, and has shown 
unusual brightness of intellectand a decided musi- 
cal talent for his age. While in Illinois, Dr. Now- 
len was a member of the State Board of Health for 
several years, and was also a member of Whiteside 
Medical Association. He was a Republican in poli- 
tics from the organization of that party until the 
State election of 1889, when he voted the Demo- 
cratic ticket. In Masonry bo has advanced to the 
C'ouncil Degrees, and is a member of Hiram Lodge, 
No. 370, A. F. & A. M., and belongs to Sterling 
Chapter. No. 57, H. A. M, of Sterling. III. While 



residing in Morrison, lie took an active part in 
local political affairs, and for eight j'ears served as 
a membei- of the City Council. For several years 
he was in active practice in Des Moines, but is now 




NTIIONV M. MILLKU, attorney and 
couiiselor-at-law, has been engaged in 
practice for only about one j-ear. yet in 
that time has given promise of becoming 
one of the leading lawyers of Des Moines. lie 
was born in Burlington, Coffey County, Kan., on 
the 7th of January, 18.j8, and is a son of Adam 
Miller. Ilis father removed to Kansas when a 
j'oung man and was joined in wedlock with Miss 
Mary Ann Ilenrj-, a native of Tennsylvania. .Soon 
after their marriage they removed to Coffey Count}-. 
That wns during the border war in that Territory', 
between the free State men and the pro-slaver}- 
part}', the issue being the admission of Kansas 
to the I'nion as a free or slave State. It became a 
dangerous thing to be a resident of that commu- 
nitj', so Mr. Miller removed with his family to 
Missouri, but not being satisfied with that State, as 
a place of residence, lie came to Iowa, and settled 
in Saylorsville, in Polk County, where he was en- 
gaged in blacksmithing. Later he became a resi- 
dent of Polk C'il}', where his death occurred in 
March, 1865. His widow was again married, be- 
coming the wife of Phili}) Uanous, who died in 
iMay, 1889. B}- her first marriage she became the 
mother of three children, two sons and a daughter, 
of whom Anthon}- M. is the eldest; Helen is now 
the wife of Albert Harvey, a resident of this county; 
and Maurice, the youngest, is engaged in farming 
in Saylor Townshiii. Of the second marriage was 
born one son, .Jesse, who is living on the homestead 
with his mother. 

AVilh his father's family, Anthony Miller re- 
moved from Kansas to Missouri, and thence to 
Iowa, where his life has since been passed. He re- 
ceived his primary education in the common 
schools, and later was a student in the high school 
of Des Moines for two years. He then pursued a 
four years' course in the Agricultural College at 

Ames, from which institution he was graduated in 
the class of 1883. He paid his own way through 
college by teaching, and for three years followed 
tiie same profession in the public schools of Des 
Moines. Desiring to make the i)ractiee of law his 
life work, in the fall of 1886, he entered the law 
office of Judge C. C. Cole, of Des Moines, under 
whose direction he pursued his studies for some 
time and then read law in the office of Oscar C. 
Peterson. As before stated, he was admitted to 
the bar in 1889, at the January session of the Su- 
preme Court, and at once entered upon the prac- 
tice of his profession. In 1886, he was elected 
Justice of the Peace for a term of two years and, 
in 1888, was re-elected to the same position. 

Mr. Miller was united in marriage on the loth 
of June, 1885, with Miss Mamie Chandler, third 
daughter of George W. and Elizabeth J. Chandler, 
who are both natives of New York, and formed}' 
residents of Boone County, Iowa, where their chil- 
dren were educated and their daughters engaged 
in school teaching, but are now living in this city. 
Our subject is a worthy and respected citizen and 
is highly esteemed for his Integrity as a lawyer. 

LBERT A. ANDERSON, M. D.. who is en- 
gaged in the practice of medicine, his office 
V^4\ being located at No. 428 East Locust Street, 
Des Moines, was born in Lindkophig, Sweden, Feb- 
ruary 17, 1858, and is a son of A. P. and Louise 
Anderson. He was reared to manliood in his na- 
tive country, and received his education in its 
public schools. He eniigrate<l to America in 1870, 
in company with his parents, the family locating 
in Moraence, Kankakee County, III., whence they 
removed to Boone, Boone County, Iowa. In 1874, 
he commenced clerking in a drug store in Boone, 
Iowa, where he remained five and one-half years, 
and for four years had full control of the store. 
Having decided to make the medical profession 
his life work, he entered Rush Medical College, 
of Chicago, taking the graded course, and was grad- 
uated from that institution in the class of 1882. 
Immediately after taking his degree he oi)ened an 



office in Des iNIoines, Iowa, where he h.ns t^'mce 
been engaged in practice. He latces rank among 
tlie leading physicians of the county and lias suc- 
ceded in securing a lilieral patronage. 

Dr. Anderson was married in this city on the 
2:V1 of October, 1888, to Miss Anna Boehler, a 
daughter of Cliarles A. liocliler. The l.ady was 
born in New Orleans, and is a member of St. 
Mary's Catholic Cliurch. Tho Doctor belongs to 
tlie .Swedish Evangelical Church, and in politics is 
an Independent Kepublican. He belongs to the 
I'olk County Medical Association and is also a 
member of the State Medical Society. Dr. Ander- 
son is the possessor of a Iwie library, whieh is espe- 
cially rich in works of art. His collection of n'orks 
of that nature is not excelled in the city, and com- 
|)rises some volumes of great value, now out of 
|)rint. He is a thorough student, and while he has 
devoted his lime and attention closely to the study 
of medicine and surgery, and is abreast of the 
the times in all that pertains to scientific discov- 
eries relating to the profession, yet he has found 
time to pursue a general course of study in his- 
tory, science and literature, that has entitled him 
to take rank among the scholarly people of his 
day. His circle of friends is extensive, and in tlie 
social and professional world of Polk County, none 
rank hiii'.ier than Dr. Aliiert A. Anderson. 

"'^' V*w' 

'^l/OHN A. McCALL is one of the well-known 
members of the bar of Polk County. He 
was born on the 15th of Februa«f, 1852, 
J in Polk County, Iowa. His parents, Thomas 
C. and Sarah A. McCall, were among its earliest set- 
tlers. He acquired his literary education at the 
Iowa State Universit}', where he also fitted him- 
self for the legal profession, being graduated in 
1872. He then went to Nevada, where he em- 
barked in practice, but in 1875 he determined to 
try ills fortune in the capital city. Never j'et lias 
he iiad occasion to regret the carrying out of that 
resolution, for he has met with excellent success in 
business and has made manv warm friends, who re- 

gard him as one of the progressive and enterprising 
citizens of Dps Moines, and hold him in the high- 
est esteem. His political sentiments are in accord- 
.ance with the princii)les of the Republican party, 
which he has supported since attaining his raajor- 
it3'. He held the otlirt' of County Attorney of 
Polk County, in !8K(). 


-H — ■ 

(W_^IRAM B. HATCH one of the well- 
known early citizens of Des Moines. He 
was born on the 18th of September, 1824, 
|§J) in Orange County, Vt., and is a son of Asa 
Hatch, a native of Tolland, Conn., who served as a 
soldier in the Colonial Arm3'. He fought at the 
famous battle of Bennington under Gen. Stark, and 
was present at the time of the surrender of the 
British Army by Gen. Bnrgoyne, to the American 
forces under Gen. Gates. He remained in the ser- 
vice during the entire struggle, and then returned 
to his home in the Green Mountain State, where he 
lived to an advanced age, dying in 1844, in his 
ninetieth year. Blr. Hatch was three times mar- 
ried. His first wife was Bets}' Hyde, by whom he 
had sixteen children, fourteen of whom grew to 
mature years, while several lived to advanced life, 
but all have now passed awa}-. Our subject was a 
child of the second marriage, his mother's maiden 
name being Jane Black, whence he derives his ini- 
tial letter. Of that union were born seven chil- 
dren, four sons and three daughters, of whom three 
sons and two daughters lived to adult age. The 
onlj' surviving ones are: Hiram G., of this sketch, 
and Stearns C, of Evansville, Ind. 

The first of the Hatch family to leave Vermont 
for the West was .Joshua, the eldest own brother 
of our subject. He first went to Rock Island, III., 
in his early manhood, and during tiie prevalence of 
the gold fever in California crossed the plains to 
the Pacific Coast, where he remained for about three 
years employed in various occupations. He was 
elected judge of a court in California during his 
sojourn in that State, and was ever afterward 
known as Judge Hatch. In the meantime Hiram 
had left the East for Rock Island, 111., and shortly 



after tbo leturn of the .Iiidge to that city the two 
hrotliers, in 18.3 J, came to IJe.s Moines. Judge 
Hatch became a prominent business man and rep- 
restntative citizen of liie capital city. He dealt 
quite extensively in real estate, and for a time was 
a hoot and shoe merchant. As Representative from 
this district he served in the Stale Senate for a 
term, and was honored by his fellow-citizens with 
other ollicial positions. He possessed far more 
than average ability, and his life of uprightness won 
him the high esteem of all with whom he had busi- 
ness or social relations. He died in this city in 
.June, 1881, leaving a family which consisted of a 
wife, one son and four daughters, but one of the 
daughters is now deceased. 

Beside the two brothers of the Hatch family al- 
ready mentioned as having become residents of 
this county, liieir sister Jane, in company with her 
husband, Caleb B. Lalhrop, found a home in the 
capital city. They hail a family of five children. 
The mother died several years ago in Wiuterset, 
Iowa, whither she had removed from Des Moines. 
The youngest brother, Stearns, who has .already 
been mentioned, came to Des Moines with his 
brothers from Rock Island, but after a number of 
years spent in this citj', removed to Evansville, 

Hiram B. Hatch, the subject of tliis sketch, never 
had occasion to regret the step taken by him in 
in IS')!, lie found in Des Moines a pleasant home, 
made many warm friends among its citizens, and 
won a i)rominent place in their regard. Here also 
he found his wife, their marriage being celebrated 
in this city in November, 18G9. The}' was 
formerly Miss Eliza CJodson, a native of Tro3', 
N. Y., who came to this city with her parents, Rob- 
ert and Mary (Losey) Godson. The dealli of the 
father occurreil in 18r>7,but her mother is still liv- 
iu", and resides with Mr. Hatch. That worthy 
coupl'j were the parents of five ciiildren, two sons 
and three daughters, of whom three are yet living: 
Mrs. RLary J. Laffer, of Des Moines; ^Irs. Susan F. 
Laffer, of Sigi)urney, Keokuk County, Iowa; and 
John A. Godson, of Stewart, Iowa. Thomas J. 
Godson died near Bozeman, Mont., a number of 
years ago. 

Mr. Hatch was lierfft ly dealh of his faithful 

and beloved vvife, December 21, 1881, and in the 
spring of 1890, he too passed away. He became a 
resident of Des Moines in its infancy, and was ever 
prominently identified with the growth and prog- 
ress of the city. Of unquestioned integrity, and 
possessing a cheerful disposition, ever disi)0sed to 
look upon the bright side of life, he was one of the 
most respected and popular citizens. 

^SCAR C. PETERSON, who is engaged in the 
practice of law in Des Moines, is a native of 
Sweden. He was born in that country, on 
the 15th of December, 1857, and when a lad of 
ten years crossed the Atlantic with his father. The 
family settled in Webster County, Iowa, and his 
parents are still residents of that community. Our 
suliject remained under the parental roof until at- 
taining his majoritj'. He received liberal educa- 
tional advantages, both in literary' and legal studies, 
and is therefore fitted to become one of the leading 
practitioners at the bar of Polk Countj'. His pri- 
m;iry education was supplemented by a course in 
the Iowa State Agricultural College at Ames, where 
he remained a student for five j'ears. After a four 
years' course, he graduated in 1882, and the follow- 
ing year pursued a post graduate course in the 
same institution, studying under the direction of 
the eminent Dr. Welch, and received the degree 
of Master of Philosophy. In the meantime he chose 
the legal profession as a life work and entered the 
Iowa College of Law, a deiiartment of Drake Uni- 
versity' at Des Moines, and graduated from that in- 
stitution in 1881. Without delay he openeil an 
office and announced to the [ndilic that ho w;is now 
ready to attend to all legal pi'ocecdings which they 
desired to give liini. For two years he was con- 
nected in business with W. L. Reed, but since that 
time has been alone in practice. 

Mr. Peterson was married in Ft. Wayne, Ind., to 
Miss Florence E. Felts, a native of that State, and 
their union has been blcs.sed with a little daughter, 
Ruth. Although l)elonging to the younger class of 
lawyers. Mr. Peterson has already attained an 
honorable standing at the bar of Polk County, and 



his abilities, liotli natural and acquired, are such as 
to attract attention and command respect. B}^ ardu- 
ous study he familiarized liimself witli all the 
standard works on law, and with liis knowledge is 
combined fluency antl a clear understanding. He is 
a strong supporter of the Republican party in [joli- 
tics, and .as a citizen, lawyer and friend is highly 
esteemed by all who know him. 



\f/,-^ ILL M. BELL, B. S., M. S. D., resilient pro- 
Ji fessor of higher mathematics in Callanan 
College, of Drake University, was born on 
(fiS^ the 10th of .June, 1860, in Licking County, 
Ohio, near Martinslnug, Knox County. His pa- 
ternal grandfather, John Bell, a farmer and 
at one time tlte Democratic Representative of Lick- 
ing County in the General Assembly of Ohio. His 
maternal grandfather was an extensive stockdealer 
who emigrated from Pennsylvania to the Buckeye 
Slate in an earl}- day. 

Prof. Bell is a son of James II. Bell, who was 
born in I^icking (Jounty, Ohio, Apiil 18, 1835, and 
on attaining to years of maturit}' wedded Elmy A. 
Cooper, a native of Pennsylvania, born in Wash- 
ington County, on the 28th of June, 1835. They 
removed to Jasper County, Iowa, in 18C6, and are 
still living on a farm in that neighborhood. Unto 
them was born a family of three children, two of 
whom are living — Hill M. and David F. 

The elder brother, while performing the arduous 
tasks of farm life, felt a desire to follow some other 
pursuit than the monotonous one of the agricultur- 
ist, so after he had made the best of his advantages 
in the country schools, he began teaching at the age 
of eighteen years. To further fit himself for that 
profession, he attended the academy at Hazel Dell, 
and subsequently pursued his studies in the West- 
ern Normal College, where be completed the nor- 
mal and scientific courses. That he might receive 
the benefits of a higher education. Prof. Bell taught 
school, thcrcl)y procuring the means necessary- to 
pay his tuition and defray his other expenses while 
in college. He possessed a resolute and determined 
nature, which overcame all early disadvantages and been an important factor in his success in after 
life. After his graduation, he accejitcd the [losition 
of Superintendent of the schools of Kellogg, Iowa, 
where he served to the entire satisfaction of his 
])atrons until 1888, when he resigned to accept the 
professorshii) of mathematics in Drake Universit}'. 
While a resident of Jasper County, Prof. Bell was 
nominated on the Republican ticket in 1886 for the 
office of County Superintendent of Public Instruc- 
tion, but declined the honor, preferring to devote 
his energies exclusively to his chosen calling. 

A most important event in the life of Mr. Bell 
occurred on the 2nd of September, 1886 — his mar- 
riage with Edith L. Oreraugh, a native of Jasper 
County, Iowa, and to them has been born one 
daughter, Jessie. The Professor and his wife are 
both active workers in the Christian Church, giv- 
ing liberally to its support and aiding in its up- 
building ill all ways within their power. He is 
associated with C. W. Martindale in editing and 
publishing the Des Moines Teacher, a paper devoted 
to the interests of education, in which work he has 
now been engaged for eleven j-ears. In February, 
1890, he was elected Principal of the Western Nor- 
mal College, his alma mater, but the trustees of 
Drake University declined to release him from his 
present position, and he therefore declined the ten- 
der. At the same time, the Board made him Prin- 
cipal of Callanan Normal College, at an increased 
salary. Although comparatively a young man he 
has made a biilliant record and won the high es- 
teem of all with whom he has come in contact. 


U ALTER AUGUSrrs REED, deceased, an 
early settler and honored citizen of Des 
W^ Moines, was born in Linn, Mass., June 1, 
1807, and died in Des Moines, Iowa, on the 9tb of 
February, 188<s, in the eighty-first year of his .age. 
His parents, and Elizabeth (Phillips) Reed, 
were members of the Society of Friends and his 
ancestors on both sides were among the early set- 
tlers of Massachusetts. He began his education in 
tiie Friends' school, where he remained until nine 
years of age, when he accompanied his parents to 



Stark County, Ohio, then but a sparsely settlerl 
region, considercfl by the people of New England 
as tlie '-Far West." The journey was made in 
wagons drawn hy horses. Over mountains and 
through forests, the emigrants made their waj', 
consuming nearly two montlis in the iiassagc. 

As the subject of our sketch grew in years and 
strength, he ably assisted iiis father in the clearing 
of a heavily- timbered farm and later cleared a tract 
of land for himself. Before attaining his majority 
he learned the tanner's trade and when twenty-one 
years of age. tliongh possessing but little capital, 
began the manufacture of leather in Massillon, 
Ohio. His enei'gy and industry brought him 
moderate success. Iii March, 1832, he was called 
to mourn the death of bis mother. That same year 
he joined the first temperance society org.anized in 
Massillon, and in June, of that year made a visit to 
his native place, lie was in Boston when tlie news 
of President Jackson's veto of the bill establishing 
the United States Bank was received, an event 
which created much excitement in the financial 
circles of the city. 

Mr. Reed was also married November 23, 1832, 
to Miss Eleanor S.arah Wright, in Millersburg, 
Ohio. She was a native of Rutland, England, born 
November 7, 1811, and came with her parents to 
America when but sixteen years of age. Three 
sons and three daughters were born unto them, of 
whom one son and two daughters lived to mature 
years. Annette was the wife of S. J. Dangler, and 
died in 1865; Waller G., whose sketch appears 
elsewhere in this volume, is engaged in the mercan- 
tile business in Des Moines; Helen, the youngest 
daughter, is the wife of John H. Merrill, of Des 
Moines; Alvira died at the age of two years; and 
two sons died in infanc}'. In 1819, Mr. Reed, like 
many others, caught tlie gold fever and went to 
California, partly with the hojie of improving his 
licalth :uid with a view of securing a share of the 
yellow treasure. After an absence of sixteen 
months, his lioi)es having been realized in a fair de- 
gree, he returned to liis home. In the winter of 
1850-.')1, he engaged in active business at his old 
home in Ohio, and in 18,^7, emigrated to Iowa, 
settling in Des Moines. During the first two j'ears 
of his residence in tlie capital city,l\Ir. Reed was a 

member of the wholesale and retail grocerj' firm of 
Laird Bros. & Co. He then formed a partnership 
with his son Walter G. in tlie wholesale and retail 
business, dealing in leather, saddlery h.ardware and 
shoe findings. Starting with a limited capital, the3' 
increased their stock and and extended their busi- 
ness as their accumulated capital permitted until 
they built up an extensive and prosiicrons trade. 
In 1883, impaired health caused Mr. Reed to retire 
from active business, when be made a transfer of 
his interest in the house to his son, who lias since 
continued the business. 

During his active business life, Mr. Reed made 
many substantial additi(;ns to his adopted city and 
aided greatly in the improvement and development 
of the count}'. He erected a brick business build- 
ing and eight residences, and improved six farms. 
lie was a Whig in early life and later a Republican 
and took a patriotic interest in the 'Success of the 
Union Array in the late war. Both he and his wife 
were consistent members of the Episcopal Church 
from t'leir early years until life was ended. Mr. 
Reed was recognized as one of the substantial and 
reliable business men of Des Moines, and as one 
whose integrity and honor were above reproach. 
His wife preceded him to the better land, dying 
August 5, 1884. 

Tl=^ ON. WILLIAM CONNOR, a leading lawyer 
of Des Moines and a member of the law 
firm of Gatch, Connor & Weaver, was born 
on the Emerald Isle on the 4th of April, 
1845, but has passed nearly his entire life in Amer- 
ica, having crossed the broad Atlantic to this 
country with his parents in 1848, when only three 
years old. The famil}' settled in Oneida County, 
N. Y., where the subject of this sketch was reared 
and received a common-school education. In his 
eighteenth year he responded to the call of his 
adopted country for aid, and in May, 1863, offered 
his services to the Government. He was assigned 
to Company D, of the Thirteenth New York Cav- 
alry and served until the close of the war. being 
rausicred out IM.ay 25, 1865. He was captured in 



Culpeper. Va., September 25, 18G3, and confined 
in Libbj', Danville and Salisbiuy Prisons until tiie 
1st of Ma}-, 18G4,wlien he was exchanged. On his 
retnrn from the army lie studied iaw in I'lica, xs. V., 
and was admitted to the bar, in Syracuse, in 1867. 
From tiiat time forward Mr. Connor has been en- 
gaged in tlie practice of the legal profession, stead- 
ily working his way upward step by stei) until he 
now occupies a prominent position at the bar. He 
first opened an office in Utica, where he continued 
business until 18C1.* wlien lie came to Des iNIoines, 
where he has since l)een engaged in active practice 
with the exceiition of a few years spent in the dis- 
charge of otlicial duties. Mr. Connor is a Repub- 
lican in politics and by that party was elected to 
the office of District Attorney, which position he 
filled from 1878 until 1882. From January 1, 
1883 until September. 1 885, he served as Circuit 
Judge, and in both positions was alike faithful to 
duty. The existing partnership of Gatch, Connor 
& Weaver was formed in 1885. 

Judge Connor was married in Des Moines, April 
25, 1883, his union tieing with Miss Eva Gatch, 
daughter of Col. C. H. Gatch, and a native of 
Xenia. Ohio. Thi^y have three interesting childieii. 



^OHN D. SEEBERGER. Among the most 
successful and highly resjiected l) 
men of Des Moines must be classed the 
worthy gentleman whose name heads this 
sketch. For twenty-six years he has been engaged 
in tlie hardware business in this city and is now 
pr()[)rietor of tlie onlv wholesale hardware house in 
Des Moines. 

Mr. Sceberger was born in New York City, on 
the 4th of November, 183G, and is a son of John 
I), and Dorathea ((;oeth) Sceberger, botli of whom 
were natives of Wetzlar, Prussia, where they were 
reared and married. In 1834, they emigrated to 
America, locating in New York City, wliere they 
resided until 1837, when they removed to Wooster, 
Ohio. Their family ronsislod of three sons and two 
daughters, of whom J. I)., of this sketch, is the 
yiuiiigest. The eldest brother, Alexander, is now 

in California but usually makes his home in Mon- 
mouth, 111.; Anthony F. was the late United States 
collector of the port of Chicago and is yet a resi- 
dent of that city. The two daughters died in child- 
hood. The mother, a most estimable woman, whose 
life was devoted to the comfort of her family and 
the training of her children to be useful and worthy 
members of societ}', died at her home in AVooster 
in the spring of 1858. Mr. Sceberger Sr., subse- 
(juently came to Des Moines, where he was an hon- 
ored and cherished memlier of the household of his 
youngest son, J. 1)., until his death, which occurred 
in February, 188G, at the advanced age of ninety- 
three years. 

Our subject attended the public schools of Woo- 
ster, Ohio, until fourteen years of age when he began 
an apprenticeship to the mercantile business in the 
dry-goods house of James B. & Neal Power, of 
AVooster. He devoted himself to the discharge of 
the duties devolving upon him with an energy and 
fidelity that won him the confidence and regard of 
his employer and procured him promotion. In 
18G0. after ten years of continuous service with 
that firm, he found his health seriouslj' impaired, 
which led to his leaving the store and making a 
journey to the Territory of Idaho, then a moun- 
tainous wilderness almost wholly in the jiossession 
of the Indians who were in their natural wild con- 
dition and in many instances hostile to the en- 
croaching settlements of the whites upon their 
favorite hunting grounds. Mr. Sceberger spent four 
years in that region and then returned to the States 
with renewed health and vigor. After spending a 
few months in Chicago, he came to Des Moines, in 
February, 1805, ami purchased the interest of Mr. 
Chillis, of the firm of Childs & Howell, hardware 
merchants of this citj'. The new firm of Howell & 
Sceberger continued in the retail hardware busi- 
ness exclusively until l.s7(),when they extended 
their business by doing a jobbing and >vholesalc 
trade. That connection was continued until 1872, 
when .Mr. Seeberger purcliased his partner's inter- 
est and has since carried on business alone under 
his individual name. When he began the whole- 
sale trade in 1 870, the annual business amounted to 
but ^50,000, but under the judicious and enterpris- 
ing management of its [jroprietor, the volume of 



traiJe lius iiicreasod until, at tliis writing in 1 890, tlie 
liouse of .1. D. Seelierger does a bnsinoss amounting 
to lialf a million of dollais, while, owing to the 
prevailing low [irices, the actual amount of goo'ls 
handled is largel}- in excess, in [jroportion to the 
given increase of the business in dollars and cents. 
The building occupied b}' Mr. Seeberger is situated 
at the southeast corner of West Court Avenue and 
Fifth Street in what is known as the Cole lilock. 
This luiilding has a frontage of forty-four feet on 
Court Avenue and one hundieil and tliirt3-two feet 
ileep on Fifth Street, is a brick structure four 
stories high with I)asenicnt,and the entire block, ex- 
cept a few small rooms used as law ollices on the 
second floor, is occupied by Mv. Seeberger in his 
extensive business. His is theonl}- wholesale hard- 
ware house in the capital city and is one of the most 
important in the State. The annual freight bills of 
this house amount to upwards of -^Sii.OOO and the 
line of goods handled embraces every thing in- 
cluded in a general hardware stock. 

ISIr. Seeberger was married in Chicago on the 
l.ilh of November, 1866, to Miss Maryett B. 
Cooper, a daugliter of Hugh Cooper and a native 
of Mt. Vernon, Ohio. Both he and his wife are 
members of St. Paul's Episcopal Church and have 
been associated with that society for many years. 

In politics, Mr. Seeberger is a Democrat, yet not 
so strong a partisan but that he ignores party lines 
in local elections. He has never had time or in- 
clination to take an active |)art in practical politics 
or to serve in any ollicial capacity. The legitimate 
pursuit of business has been more congenial to his 
taste and he has ap|)lied himself to it with such 
earnestness and good judgment that he has achieved 
marked success and won a foremost place among 
the prominent business men of Des Moines, while 
all with whom Mr. Seeberger has had business rela- 
tions, appreciate his fair and courteous treatment 
and his strict integrity. There is an inner side to 
his character that is t)est known to his family and 
intimate friends. The earnest devotion with which 
he cared for his [)arents in their declining j'ears be- 
speaks a tenderness of heart and lilial regard that 
is more to be commended than business success or 
the winning of honor or renown among the masses. 
His father, who lived twenty-three years beyond 

the allotted .age, was comparatively helpless during 
the closing years of his life and as he had but im- 
perfectly acquired a knowledge of the English 
language, he was more dependent on his son for 
company and assistance than he might otherwise 
have been. That he received from Mr. Seeberger 
the most unremitting attention and the tenderest 
care that affection could prom[)t or intelligence de- 
vise is well known, and to a degree that m.akes 
mention of the fact not inappropriate in this sketch, 
whore a delineation of character is one of the pur- 
poses of the writer in the preparation of this work 
which is designed to be a record that will l)e read 
even long after the present generation shall have 
"passed over to the silent majority." 

.1. MATHIS, Esq., .lustice of the Peace of 
Des Moines, is a native of Iowa, and a rep- 
resentative of one of the pioneer families 
0ljl of the .State. His father, William Mathis, 
settled in Des Moines Coimty, in 1834, residing 
there for twenty-one years, when in 1855, accom- 
panied by his family he came to Polk County, and 
located in Douglas Township, where he resided un- 
til his ileath in .h'nuary, 1865. His wife, who sur- 
vived him many years, died in .\pril 1888, at the 
advanced age of eighty-one years. William Ma- 
this was a farmer by occupation and a worth}" and 
respected citizen. He and his wife were the [larents 
of ten children, but of that once numerous family 
only two are now living — A. J., of this sketch, and 
a younger brother, George, who is now a resident 
of Douglas Township, Polk County. Another 
brother. James H., during the late war enlisted as a 
soldier of Company' B, Fifteenth Regiment Iowa 
Infantry, and while the Rebellion was in progress 
died in the hospital at .Jackson, Tenn. Two other 
brothers, John T. and William, also grew to nia- 
ture years and at their death left families. Tlie 
other members of the family diad in early life. 

The boyhood days of our subject were spent in 
the usual manner of farmer lads. Ho was reared to 
agricultural pursuits and for some time previous to 
his removal lo Des Moines he was engaged in the 



stock business. On his arrival iu the Cqiital City 
be opened an ottiee and branclied out as a real-estate 
dealer, whicb business he continued until elected 
to his present office, which he has occupied since 
.lanuary, 18S7. He is progressive and i)ublic- 
spirited, industrious and enterprising and lias 
proved himself an eflicient public officer. In tlic 
rianagenicnt of his business Interests be displayed 
much ability and acquired for himself and family 
a comfortable competence. 

The wife of Mr. Mathis was in her muidciiliood, 
Miss Amanda P. Carr, being a daughter of Lind- 
say Carr. Unto them have been born two children, 
sons, namely: Frank A., wlio is dealing in real 
estate at Des Moines; and AVhitney II., who is now 
a student of the High School of tliis city. 


SjjICHARD A. GRIFFITH, insurance agent, 
{f of Des Moines, was born in Dulverton^ 
Somersetshire, England, on the 16th of 
^, September, 1847, and is a son of Robert E. 
and Amelia (Duggan) Griffith, both of whom were 
natives of Bath, England. For some twenty-five 
j'ears, liis father was employed in tiie custom de- 
partment of the English Government and while 
serving in that capacity, in the discharge of his 
duties was called to different parts of the realm, so 
that some of his children were born iu England, 
some in Ireland and some in Canada. At length he 
severed his connections with the office, in which he 
had so long and faithfullj' served and in the year 
1857, settled permanently in Canada. Not long 
after his arrival in that country he was elected to a 
position. Die duties of which were to have ( hargo 
of the penal institution of Toronto, to [irovide for 
the jail and pay tiie salaried olHcers. He has now 
passed his three-score years and ten, but is still serv- 
ing in thnt capacity, having lield the office for 
twenty-six years. It need hardly be said that in- 
tegrity' and uprightness have characterized his life 
for his long continued public service well indicates 
that fact. Both lie and his wife are members of the 
Established Churcli of England. In their family 
were eleven children, of whom six are now living, 

four sons and two daughters. William E., the eldest 
son is chief clerk in the inspector's office of the 
postal department of Toronto, in which he has 
served twenty-three years; John W. is engaged in 
the practice of medicine; Richard A. is the next 
j'ounger, and Edward I), is Quartermaster at the 
Royal Military Academy at London, Ontario. 

Our subject had but meagre advantages in his 
youth but through private instruction and his own 
effort has acquired a good education and has be- 
come a successful business man. At the age of fif- 
teen years he began life for himself as a salesman in 
a wholesale book and stationery store, where he re- 
mained for six and a half years. He then embarked 
in business for himself in Montreal, but sold out 
after three years. His residence in Des Moines dates 
from April, 1872, when he came to this city and en- 
tered the employ of Carter & Hussey, with whom 
he remained some five years. Again he embarked 
in business for himself in the book and stationery 
line, in 1879, but sold out in 1882, and the follow- 
ing 3'ear engaged in the real-estate and insurance 
business, still continuing the latter. Every firm 
with which he has been connected has retained him 
in its employ for a long period and it was doubtless 
at his own request that the connection was severed, 
for, faithful to every duty he won the respect of 
his emploj'ers and retained their confidence to the 
last. So(nally, he is a member of the Masonic and 
Odd-Fellows societies and in politics in an advocate 
of Republican principles. 

A marriage ceremony performed on the 25th of 
October, 1878, united the destinies of Richard A. 
Griffitii and Jennie Dewey. The lady was born iu 
N'ermonl on the 23d of March, 1856, and is a 
daughter of Col. J. N. and Iletta (Johnson) Dewey. 
Ihito them have been born two children, sons, 
Jesse D. and John N. I). Mr. firifflth and iiis wife 
are members of the Episcopal Church. 

^^^ APT. J. S. CLARK, of the law firm of Cole, 
McA'ey & Clark, is a lawyer of merit, worth 
and al)ility, and as a citizen ranks among 

the best in Polk Countv, Iowa. He was born on 




the 1 Till of Oftober. 1M41, in Johnson Countv, Ind., 
of wiiiol) county his parents were pioneers, remov- 
ing from Kentucky and locating in tlie forests of 
Centra] Indiana about 1820. His early life was 
spent upon the old homestead, where he remained 
until 1854, when with the family lie came to War- 
ren County, Iowa. The death of his father occurred 
in ISoG, and upon our subject then devolved the 
care and support of liis widowed mother and sisters, 
witii whom he remained upon the farm until the 
dsatii of Mrs. Clark in 1859. 

'I'iie outbreak of tlie late Rebellion found our 
suliject just entering upon his colleaiate career at 
tiie Iowa AVesle^an L'niveisity, situated at Mt. 
Pleasant, but when President Lincoln issued his 
first call for troops he laid aside his text books and 
volunteered, enlisting as a private in Company F, 
of the First Iowa Regiment. When his term of 
service had expired lie again enlisted and was as- 
signed to Company C, of the Thirty-fourth Iowa 
Infantry, of which he was made Second Lieutenant. 
On the death of the Captain, who fell in the battle 
of Arkansas Post while advancing side b}" side with 
the subject of this sketch, the latter was promoted 
to the captaincj' of his compan3'. I>y tlie customs 
of war the First Lieutenant would have received 
the promotion, but owing to his superior fitness and 
soldierly- qualities Lieut. Clark was made Captain. 
He proved iiimself a faithful soldier, both as a pri- 
vate and as an officer, and during the entire strug- 
gle was ever found at his post of duty, defending 
as best he could the honor of his countr}' and tlie 
Union cause. His company in competitive drill 
took the banner as the best drilled, and as having 
the most soldierly bearing of all the companies in 
the command to which the regiment belonged. 

When the war was over ^Ir. Clark returned to 
Iowa, but shortly afterward entered the Ohio Wes- 
leyan University at Delaware, from v,rhieh he was 
graduated with high rank in the class of 1878. 
Deciding to study iaw he joined the first class of 
the Law Department of the Iowa State University 
and became \'aledictorian of the class of 1869. Mr. 
Clark then served as Deputy I'liited States Marshal 
for a short time and entered upon the (iracticeof his 
chosen profession in Des Moines in 1870, which he 
has carried on continuouslv since. He has been 

promiiicntlj' connected with many of the institu- 
tions of this eitj', especially those that are for the 
upbuilding and advancement of its best interests, 
among whicli may lie mentioned the Iowa College 
of Law, of wiiich he was Secretary and Treasurer 
for some j^ears; the Des Moines Insurance Com- 
pan}-, the Des Moines Edison Electric Light Cora- 
jiany, the Young ileu's Christian Association, of 
each of which he has been President, .and the Plj'- 
moutli Congregational Church, of whicli he has been 
for many j'ears an active and faithful member. 

In 1870 Capt. Clark was united in marriage with 
Miss Laura C. Hutchinson, of Iowa City, who died 
a year later. In 187G he wedded Miss Fannie JI. 
Page, daughter of E. S. Page, a leading insurance 
man of the West. Unto them have been born six 
children — Laura, Glenn, Page, Helen, Mabel and 

" <x->o ' 

GiEORGE F. HENRY, who is engaged in the 
- practice of law at Des IMoines, as a member 
of the firm of Berrjhill & Henr}-, was born 
in Cook County, III., on the 27th of August. 185L 
and is a son of John E. Henry. His father was a 
native of the Empire State, but removed to Illinois 
with the earl}' Western railroad movement, being a 
pioneer in that line of work. He was Superintend- 
ent of the construction of the Chicago & Rock Isl- 
and Railroail between those cities, and in 1855 
removed to Iowa, where he officiated iu the same 
capacitj- on the construction of the Mississippi & 
Missouri Railroad, which was subsequently merged 
in the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific. For some 
time Mr. Henr}' made his home in Davenport, but 
is now living in Des Moines. His family numbered 
three sons: J. Howard, who is now engaged in 
the abstract and loan business in Des Moines; 
Charles A. is engaged in railroading in Utah Ter- 
ritory; George F., the third son. was reared in 
Davenport, Iowa, and acquired his literary educa- 
tion iu Griswold College, of that city. He began 
the study of law in 1873, and was graduated from 
the law department of the Iowa State Universitj- in 
1876. The following j-ear he located in Des Moines, 
forming a partnership witii Mr. Herryhill. which 

(Jj^aacL /^^ayndf 



Ikks foiitiniied through a, siucossful career of Ihir- 
lei'ii years. He is Master in Chancery of the 
liiiled States Circuit Court, a position whicli he 
lias held for three years. 

Mr. lleury]^was married, in Des Moines, to Miss 
Rose Casady, daugiiter of Judge Casady, of this 
city, but the beloved wife was ( ailed to her linal rest 
Ai)ril 21, 18H'J, leaving two eliildren — Ward C. and 
Phineas McCr.iy. In polities Mr. Henry is a Ke- 
piibliean, while religiously, he is a member and ves- 
tryman of .St. Paul's Episcopal Church of this city. 

i"^ .-^ ON. LSAAC BRANDT, a prominent citizen 
)j) of Des Moines, dating his residence from 
185C, is the youngest son of David and 
Martha (Hamilton) Brandt. He vvas bom 
near Lancaster, Fairfield County, Ohio, on the 7tli 
of Ajiril, 1827, and his father, a native of Cumber- 
land County, Pa., was born December 22, 1776. 
The paternal grandjiarents of our subject were 
Adam and Eve ( Metzler) Brandt, who were born of 
(ierman parents, and were married March 28, 1775. 
on the eve of the great struggle for American Li- 
dependence. They had only just erected their 
small stone house in the wilds of Cumberland 
County, Pa., when the war began. Their lives 
were in constant danger from roving Toiies or 
hostile Indians, imt both were good shots, and it 
was the custom of the husband to carry a rille at- 
tached to his plow, while his wife had another by 
her side while she s;it at her spinning svheel, under 
the shade of a tree near the centre of the field. In 
the autumn of 177(1, Adam Brandt shouldered iiis 
gun and enlistefl in the Cmil iMcnlal .\rniy. It was 
only at very rare intervals that he had the i)le;isure 
of visiting home, and it was not until his son, 
David, the father of our subject, was three years 
old, that the father saw the boy. for tiie child was 
born in Decembc'r after his enlistment. Mr. 
15randt served until the country had attained its 
freedom and then lesumed his farming operations, 
becoming one of the substantial citizens of Cum- 
berland County. I'a. He and his good wife lived 
to mijoy titty-live years of vvedded life. 

It is a peculiarity of the lir.aiidt family, of which 
they may be justly proud, that more members of 
tlieii' family h.ave maintained their marri.age rela- 
tions long enough to celebrate the golden wed- 
dings than ])erliaps any other famil}- in the United 
States. Adam and Eve (Metzler) Brandt lived 
together as nian and wife for fifty-six years. 
Adam IJrandt, Jr., brother of our subject, lived 
with his wife, Rebecca Cooper, fifty years. John 
Brandt and Hannah Coulson had been married 
liftj'-threc years when death separated them. 
.Martin and IMaiy Ann (llaudabaugh) Brandt cele- 
brated their golden wetlding November 21, 1889, 
and our subject and his estimable wife have lived 
together for more than forty years, an'! bid fair to 
reach their golden wedding. Four of the above 
are lirothers, and their history is [irobably with- 
out a paiallel in this country. 

The Brandt family founded in America by 
(iottlieb Brandt, who emigrated from (Jermany to 
America, in 1717, and settled in Huiiunelstown, 
Pa. His son was the grandfather of our subject. 

David Brandt, the father of Isaac, was a saddler 
and harness maker l)y trade and, as he was the 
eldest son of the family, received superior educa- 
tional advantages. He married Miss Martha Ham- 
ilton, in Pennsylvania, November 21, 1808, and 
iu 181 1, removed to Lancaster, Fairfield County, 
Ohio. His wife, who was of Scotch-Irish parent- 
age, born in York County, Pa,, May 3, 178,0. 
They had six children, five sons and one daughter. 
The mother died December 27, 1847, and l\Ir. 
Brandt passed aw.ay October 17, 1854. 

Isaac Brandt was born on a farm, and his early 
life w-as passed in much the usual manner of fanner 
lads. His education received in the district 
school aud at Williams College, and .-it the age of 
sixteen he was .api)renticed to liie slioemakcr's 
trade, serving two years without pay. From that 
time until he was of age he worked at his trade 
during the summer and attended school in the 
winter, or followed the profession of teaching. 
On attaining liis majority he gave his father all 
the money he iiossessed, rented a slioj), and at 
daylight on the morning of his twenty-first birtli- 
(hn- niiiiht have lii'cii sien in a little louui ready 
to beyin life f(n- lii.'.i-.elf. as a ^-hoeiiiaUer, without 



a cent in his poflcets. The first day. F'riday, he 
earned seventy- Ave cents and on Saturday 81. 
Tlie next week he cleared *10 and felt that he was 
on tlie diiect road to success. My autumn of the 
following year he had accumulated enough wealth 
to justify him in setting up a home for himself 
and. on the 1st of November, 1849, he was united 
in marriage with Miss Harriet Wisely, a daughter 
of Kdward and Leah Wisely. She was of Knglish 
descent, and was liorn and reared in the same 
neighborhood with her husband. 

In the month of jNIay, IS.'iO, Mr. Brandt re- 
moved with his young bride to Audubon, DeKalb 
Comity, Ind., where he carried on the boot and 
shoe business with marked success. In October, 
1854, he was elected Sheriff of DeKalb County, 
and served two years, to the satisfaction of his 
constituents and with credit to himself. About 
this time he became infeete<l with the Western 
fever and, in January, 18.')6. came to Iowa, in 
company with Judge Morris, of Ft. \Va3ne, and 
T. R. Dickerson, of Waterloo, Ind. After visiting 
several of the principal cities of the State, includ- 
ing Des Moines and Council Bluffs, he made some 
investments in real estate in the last named town, 
which subsequently [iroved quite profitable. He 
then returned to Indiana, and in the spring of 
18.58 brought his famil3', then consisting of wife 
and three chihb'en, to Des Moines. Soon after his 
arrival he embarked in general merchandising and 
carried on that line of business until 1866, when 
he sold out and became a real-estate dealer. 
During the late war he gave a patriotic support to 
the Government, in liberal donations and in en- 
couraging enlistments. 

In politics, Mr. Brandt is a stanch Reiiulilican, 
and while a life-long temperance man believes that 
the best interests of the temperance cause will bo 
served through the success of the Republican 
party. In January, 1867, he was ap[)ointed Assist- 
ant State Treasurer, which oflice he held six years, 
when in the fall of 1873, he was elected to the 
Fifteenth General Assembly of Iowa, was made 
Chairman of the committee of ways and means 
and of the committee on cities and towns. He 
did good service on each, and was instrumeutul in 
securing the passage of some important measures 

that were of great public bcnelit. In the S|)ring 
of 1877, he was elected to the city council, and 
was chosen raaj'or p''" ''''"^- '"^'k' 'ii tl'c spring of 
1880 received the Republican nomination for that 
office, but on account of sectional issues was de- 
feated 113- a small majority. Mr. Brandt has been 
a consistent worker in the cause of temperance 
since his boyhood, and has made a record in that 
direction equalled by few. During his long life 
of sixty-three years he has never drank a drop of 
alcoholic liquors, wine or beer, neither has he used 
tobacco in any form. For many years he has been 
identified with various temperance societies, and in 
the fall of 1862, was elected Grand Worthy Chief 
Templar of the Independent Order of Good Tern 
plars, of Iowa, re-elected in 1863, again in 1870, 
1871 and 1879, making five full terms as Chief of 
the order. His annual contributions to this cause 
range in amounts from •i'lOO to %300. 

IMr. and Mrs. Brandt have had a famil\- of six 
children, four sons and two daughters. Amos W., 
the eldest, married Miss Mattie J. Moflfatt, and is 
the present Auditor of Polk County; Josiah died 
at the age of two years; Alice J. wife of John B. 
Taylor, of Des Moines, died November 3, 1889; 
Olive C. resides with her parents; George W. mar- 
ried ."Miss Ida L. \'annatta, and is living in Chi- 
cago; William Ix., the youngest, is engaged in the 
coal business with his father and brother, Amos. 
All are strictly' temperate, like the father, and are 
occupying useful and honorable positions in life. 

Mr. Brandt is one of the original abolitionists, 
and from early childhood until slavery was abol- 
ished, took an active part in carrying out his prin- 
cii)k'S and in assisting fugitive slaves on their w.ay 
to Canada. His first experience was peculiar and 
illustrates in a degree the characteristics of the 
man. While serving his ai)prenticeship to his 
trade, in Ohio, he had no means of earning money 
except on two or three occasions during the year. 
It so hai)i)ened that a dog, which been killing 
sheep, had been killed and his carcass thrown in a 
lane near b\-. Ho|)ing to make an honest penin*, 
young Brandt was up by daybreak the next morn- 
ing, and stripping the hide from the dog sold it to 
a neighboring tanner for twenty-five cents. That 
being his only cash capital, it was hoarded very 



carefully until one day he observed a poor negro, 
whom he soon saw by his signs was a runaway and 
nearly starved. Young Brandt went to his mis- 
tress and asked her if she would give a poor hun- 
gry negro something to eat, whereupon slie wanted 
to know if he was a runaway slave. On being 
assured that he was not, she said that slie wovdd 
give him a meal if he would pay for it. Under 
the eireumstanees there was only one thing to do. 
Mr. Brandt returned to the runaway and gave him 
the precious coin that he had received for the dog 
skin, and told him to go and eat, after which the 
young underground conductor directed his charge 
on his way. He helped many an escaping slave to 
make his way northward, while still a youth, and 
after coming to Iowa he kept it up. Vv. F-randt 
first made the acquaintance of John Brown in 
Lawrence, Kan,, in 1857, and afterwards saw him 
three times at Des Moines, the last time not long 
l)cfore tlie attack on Harper's Ferry. Brown came 
along earl\- one morning, with four negroes lying 
in his wagon bed covered with corn stalks. He 
stojiped and talked a while and at length bid good- 
li\' to 'Mv. Brandt, over a little wooden gate in the 
yard. was the last he saw of John Brown, 
but the old gate is still preserved by him as a 
cherished relic. Mr. Brandt possesses many of the 
characteristics of the Scotch, is earnest, energetic, 
self-reliant and shrewd. He has prospered in life 
and is recognized as a successful business man and 
good citizen. 



j*?=^ ETH GRAHAM, an early settler of Iowa, 
^^^^ and a member of the firm of Gate & Ora. 
lv/_>3) ''^'^^- pi'oprietors of the Des Jloines Trans- 
fer Company, is a native of the Buckeye 
State. He was born in Wayne County, Ohio, 
April 17, 1831, and is a son of John Newton and 
Esther (Wakefield) Graham. His father, a native 
of Scotland, emigrated to America in 1793, with 
his parents, and on the voyage the paternal grand- 
father of our subject passed awaj-. The remainder 
of the family landed at Philadelphia, where the 
mother died slmrlly afterward, and the children 

became scattered. John N. Gralmni went to Lan- 
caster, Pa., where he apprenticed to and learned 
the millwright's trade, and was also married near 
that city. In 1828 he removed to Wayne County, 
Ohio, where he worked at his trade and speculated 
in land. J>atcr, he removed to Ashland, Ohio, 
where he built a woolen mill, and tlieiMie, in 1838, 
removed to Pike County, Ind. He there erected a 
sawmill, but after operating it for about two years, 
sold out and went, with his family, to Perry 
County, 111. His wife, the mother of our subject, 
was born near Lancaster, Pa., and was of Scotch- 
Irish descent. Her death occurred in November, 
1846. and four ye.ars later, in November, 1850, her 
husband (le|)arted this life. 

Seth Gjaham received a common-school educa- 
tion, and from early boyhood was familiar with 
the tools used in wood work. In that manner he 
learne<l to .assist his father, and developed con- 
cral)le ability in the line of mechanics. He re- 
mained at home until 184!). and the next year 
witnessed his arrival in Iowa, his first location 
being in Muscatine. Subsequently he secured em- 
plojnient with M.N. Milburn, a contractor and 
builder of Cedar County, with whom he remained 
for three years building bridges and a steamboat. 
He was engaged in steamboating until May, 1855, 
when he located in Des Moines, which has since 
been his home. During the first ye.ars of his resi- 
dence in this city he was variously employed, act- 
ing as a sawyer in a mill for a portion of the time. 
In I8C3 he began learning the trade of a machinist, 
and devoted five yeais to that occupation. In 18C8 
he formed the existing partnership with Mr. Cate 
in the transfer business, which they have carried 
on continuously since, having secured an excellent 
trade in that line. 

On the '2l)th of November, IStSO. in Des Moines, 
Jlr. (irnham and Miss Elizabeth A. King, daugh- 
ter of .bjhn King, were joined in wedlock. The 
l-'.dy, a native of Huntingtonshire, England, came 
to America in 1851. Three children were born 
of their union — Augustus Willard died at the age 
of fifteen years; Frederick AV., who was born in 
Elkhart Township. Polk County. Septemlier 19 
l.Sfw. is now impluyt'd in the ollici' df ('ate A' 
t;i-;iham; ClarissM A., who \v;i> liuiii in Des Moines, 



is still with her i>;irfiHs. Mr. Gialiam luiil family 
are ineinbers of the Episcopal Ciiurcli. In politics 
he is a Republican, but lias never souglit or de- 
sired public otHee. Both he and his son are mem- 
bers of Pioneer Lodge, No. 22, A. F. S: A. M., 
Corinthian Chapter, No. 14, R. A. M., and Temple 
Commandery, No. 4, K. T. Mr. Graham has been 
Treasurer of Pioneer Lodge for twenty consecu- 
tive years, of the Chapter ten years, and of the 
Commandery seventeen years, and is tlie present 
Treasurer of all these organizations. His long 
continued service as custodian of the funds of the 
order in thoseDinstitutions plainly indicates that 
he enjoys the confidence of his brethren to the 
fullest extent, and that his integrity is beyond 
question. For thirty-five years Mr. (iraham has 
been'a resident of Des Moines, during whicii time 
his fellow-citizens have known him only to esteem 
and respect iiim for tiie possession of the sterling 
qualities that go to make up the true man. 

■■ . — M "? * S * fl ' S * S '* '" 

-^ LVA W. VOODHY, a highly respected cit- 
(@/ull izen of lUoouifield Township, residing on 
section 20, has for a quarter of a century 
1^^ made his home in Polk County, and dur- 

ing the greater part of that time was prominently 
connected with the business circles of Des Moines. 
Four years ago, wishing to live a more retired life 
he removed to his farm, upon which has been built 
one of llie finest residences in the community. The 
dwelling is not only substantial and commodious, 
Inil it is also tastefully furnished and suirounded 
by all the comforts of life. .Situated on .'i natural 
building site in the midst of a beautiful grove, it 
attracts the notice of everj' passer-by and forms a 
marked feature in the landscape. 

As the owner has an extensive accjuaiutance and 
is regarded as one of the leading citizens of the 
county, we feel that his sketch will be of interest to^'. He was born on a farm in Caledonia, Vt., 
January 24, 182.'). His |)arents, Lewis and Mary 
(Cole) Voodry, were natives of Lower Canada, but 
at an early day settled in Caledonia County, where 
they spent the remainder of their lives. They were 
upright people, respected by all who knew them 

.■lud made frien<ls wherever they went. The father 
was a farmer by occupation and followed that bus- 
iness for many years. Of their family of thirteen 
children, only six are living, namely: John, Frank, 
Jose|)hus "W., Gilbert L., Sarah and Alva. 

Our subject spent the days of his boyhood and 
youth in much the same manner in which all 
farmer lads occupy their time. He assisted his 
father in the summer months, and during the win- 
ter season attended the district school, where lie 
acquired a good English education. At the age of 
twenty j'ears he determined to engage in some 
other pursuit than that to which he was reared, and 
went to Fairfield, Franklin Countj-, Vt., where 
he learned the carriage-maker's trade, which he fol- 
lowed for about eight years. The succeeding eight 
years of his life were spent as a salesman in Peoiia, 
III., after which he came to Iowa. In the mean- 
time, however, he was united in marriage with 
Delia Freeman, the wedding taking place on the 
30tliof May. 1852. Their union was blesseJ with 
a family of five children but only two are now liv- 
in« — Carrie, vv'ife of Carl McNeil, of Des Moines; 
and Alva, who resides on the farm with his father. 
On his arrival in Des Moines in 18G5, Mr. 
■\'oodry opened a carriage manufactury and did an 
extensive business in that line until 1876. when he 
sold out. He then became proprietor of a flour 
and feed store, which he successfully conducted 
until 1883, when healso disposed of it and removed 
to his farm as above mentioned. He possesses all 
the qualities essential to a successful business ca- 
reer, is persevering, energetic and s.agacious. Idle- 
ness is utterly foreign to his nature and although 
he has acquired a competency which would enable 
him to live without further labor he will not en- 
tirely lay aside all work, but devotes himself to the 
care of his farm of twenty-five acres. He takes a 
deei) interest in public affairs, has given liberally 
to the sup|>or1 of those enterprises which are cal- 
culated to upbuild and benelit the conimuuit}', and 
in i)olitics, is a Republican. 

In 1873, Mr. \'oodry was called upon to mourn 
the loss of his wife who passed to her final rest on 
the 8th of January. She was interred in Green- 
wood Cemetery and many were the expressions of 
deep regret at her loss. A uieniber of the Baptist 



j( >^^ ^^^^^&^^ 

Jj^l;^ ^J^^ 




Cluii-cli, she lived a consistent C'liri.slian life jind 
was ready to resi)ond to the siiniinons of the Mas- 
ter. Mr. Voodiy was again married in Novenibor, 
1373, Jane Blodgett beeonunu his wife. Iloth are 
members of the ISaptist Chiireh and are widely 
known throug'liout the eommunily. 



The history of Polk County would be in- 
complete without the sketch of the gentle- 
man whose name appears above. In his 
death Iowa lost one of her truest, noblest sons, one 
whom the State mourned and whose loss will not 
cease to be felt while the present generation lives. 
He was born in Faj-ette Count}-, I*a.,June 25, 1820, 
and remained in his native State until he had at- 
tained to mature years, when he removed toColum- 
biaca County, Ohio. In that county he became ac- 
quainted with Miss Deborah Ellj'son and winning 
her affections, in 1842, led her to the marriage 
altar. They began their domestic life in the Buck- 
eye State, but four years later came to the Terri- 
tory of Iowa, settling in Springdale Township, 
Cedar County. 

Although a quiet and unostentatious man, Mr. 
Cattell had not long been a resident of Cellar 
County before its citizens l)ecame convinced of his 
worth and ability, and in 1852. they tendered him 
the position of Clerk in the Disliict Court, which 
he accepted and occupied for four 3-ears. In that 
office he gave further proof of his sterling worth 
by the manner in which he protected the interests 
of the county. One notable instance is worthy of 
mention. The people had voted to take stock in 
in coriioration form for the purjiose of building 
and operating a railroad from Lyons to Iowa City, 
and had determined to issue bonds with which to 
pay for the stock. The county judge, without 
awaiting for the conditions upon which the bonds 
were voted, to be complied with, iiroceeded to issue 
them, but when they were presented to Mr. Cattell, 
as Clerk of the County Court, he refused t<j coun- 
tersign them. The men who expected to handle 
the bonds were veiy i)rofuse in promises as to what 
they were going to do after they got the obligation. 

l)Ut the Clerk insisted on performances before hand, 
and from this position neither threats or cajolery 
couM move him. Subsequent evenis proved that 
he had taken a correct stand for the bonds were 
subseijuently issued, the money raised on them, 
turned over to the radroad-builders and the county 
ha<l ti) p;iy them eventually, but to this day the 
road remains unfinished. 

Upon retiring from the Clerk's office, Mr. Cattell 
was elected to the State Senate from Cedar County, 
which only a short time previous was made a Sena- 
torial district. Many distinguished men werc-niera- 
bers of that body and he thereby came in contact 
with some of the strongest minds of the West. Al- 
most from the first he took rank as one of the influ- 
ential members of the Assembly. He was a worker 
and not a speaker, but ivhcn he arose to express bis 
views on any subject, his associates listened, for 
they knew that he w^ould give utterance to some- 
thing worth hearing. The characteristics there 
displayed suggested to the minds of his colleagues 
the thought that he would be a proper person to 
place at the head of the deiiartment of finance, and 
accordingly he was elected Auditor of Iowa in 
1858. Jn regard to his election the Stah' Jieijisli'r 
says: -'It was a fortunate thing for Iowa that a 
man of his Roman simplicity. Spartan courage and 
inflexible honesty, that rose above every tempta- 
tion, was in that position at that particular time. It 
was during that period when large financial opera- 
tions offered cfirresponding opportunities by devi- 
ous ways foi' men so inclined to amass colossial for- 
tunes,; and many were they who succumbed to the 
temptation. Kot so Mr. Cattell. With all the op- 
portunities the period afforded, amid all the temp- 
tati<)ns of the time, he kept the even tenor of his 
honest ways." He introduced improvements into 
the niMuner of conducting tlu? monetary transac- 
tions of the Stale, as well as in the system of book- 
keeping, and up to the present there has been no 
decided change niade in those jjarticulars, so well 
did he accoin|ili,.h the task. During his incum- 
bency, which covered nearly the entire period of 
the war, when the expenditures were very heav}' 
and the work greater than ever before, his duties 
were well, honestly, systeniaticallv and cautiously 
performed. Twice he was re-elected to tie same 



office and was slioitly su[)porte(l for a fourth term. 
Aflei- his relircinenl Mr. Cattcll rem.aiiieil a resi- 
dent of Dcs Moines :iiul for a sliort time was out of 
political life, but the followiiiji; autumn, 18C5, he 
was nomin.atcd by the Republicans of Polk County 
for their representative in the .State .Senate. The 
nomination was entirely unsolicited by him, in fact 
was a s>reat surprise. During his second term he 
w^as again a coteniporary of man^' of the ablest 
men of Iowa and again he was place<l as a leader 
before the [leople, not tlirough his own wishes but 
because he was lilted for the position. His judg 
mcnt ou any matter of special importance was al- 
ways .sought and generally accepted for his 
conscientiousness and strict adherence to what he 
believed his duty m.nde his opinion one of much 
value. Again he retired from public odicc, but in 
1885, he was ai)pointnd ijy Gov. Sherman as Au- 
ditor of State, to fill out the term to which a Mr. 
P.rown had been elected, but had failed to give 
the required bonds. The ability with which he con- 
ducted his affairs and his ready knowledge of the 
duties of the position after an absence from public 
life for twenty j-ears, were a surprise to those not 
intimate with him. His rulings upon doubtful 
points of law were never influenced by those cir- 
cumstances or effected by any extraneous consid- 
eration. His term of office expired in January, 

Mr. Cattell held many minor positions during 
his long and useful life, including those connected 
with insurance companies. About the close of his 
senatorial term or shortly afterward, he became 
President of the State Insurance Company, which 
position he retaiwed for some years, establishing 
firmly the company's business and its reputation 
for fair dealing. For many years and up to the 
time of his death, he was one of the managing 
board of the Northwestern Life Insurance Company 
and regularly attended its quarterly meetings. 

After his death the executive board of the 
?<ortliwostern Mutual Life Insurance Company 
passed the following resolutions: 

I'cgoli'f'K That by the death of the Hon. J. W. 
Cattell lliis board has lost one',of its most useful and 
w()rthv members, and the Companj' one of its 
truest friends, one who has long stood in his own 

State as a worthy representative of the Company 
whose interest he has ever studied to promote. 

Rpsotwd, That these resolutions be spread upon 
the records of the Company and a certified copy be 
furnished to the faniil)- of our deceased associate. 
(Signed) (). P. Wakicman, 

■I. H. Van Dvkk, 

To the Iioard of Trustees of the Northwestern 
Mutual Life Insurance Comi>any, of Milwaukee, 
Wis., your committee appointed to prepare a min- 
ute relative to the death of our associate. Hon. J. 
W. Cattell. report for adoption the following: 

••This Board having learned with deep .sorrow of 
the death of our associate, Hon. J. W. Cattell, of 
Des Moines, Iowa, whieh occurred on the 2.")lh of 
.'^ei)tember last, would place on reconl our high ap- 
preciation of his character and worlh, not only as 
a citizen out one who in his ollicial capacity' in his 
own State had a rei>ulation above reproach and was 
regarded .as the embodiment of integrity and up- 

••It is. Iiowever in his relation to our Compan}- 
that we have eome to know him best, and best ap- 
preciate his sterling worth. 

••Judge Cattell was born June 25, 1820, and was 
elected to the membership of this Board June 8j 
18G4, and held that position continously from tiiat 
time to the time of his death. He served three 
years, viz: 1871, 1873 and 1874, as a member of 
the Examining'Commiltee, for which duty he 
admirably qualified and his suggestions were timelv 
and wise. He seldom been absent from the 
meetings of the Board during the twenty-three 
years of his connection with it." 

About 1881, Mr. Cattell removed to a farm 
which he owned in Delaware Township, and there 
resided until his death. On Friilay, September 23, 
1887, he met with a serious accident in falling from 
a wagon, but none thought that the injuries would 
prove fatal. Indeed, the reports were rather en- 
couraging until Saturday afternoon, when his phy- 
sician announced that he could not live and death 
relieved his sufferings at r);30 o'clock, Sunday 
morning, Se|itember 2.^. The news of his decease 
brought sorrow to man^- hearts outside the family 
circle and especially to the pioneers, upon whose 
sturdy shoulders the State has been lifted to its 
present proutt |)osition, for they felt that they had 
lost a nobl<! helper as well as friend. Although he 
never ac(|uired great wealth, he left behind him a 



fai- lietter inheiitance, a clean record and a spot- 
less name. 

Mr. Caltell was one of four brolluMs. the small 
est of whom was six feet in liciglit. wliilc lie and 
the two others were six feet four inches. It is said 
that physicalh' he greatly resenililed Abraliain Lin- 
coln, and his mental and moral characteristics were 
also much the same. He leaves a widow and two 
adopted children to mourn his loss, one of whom. 
AVilliam H. H. Cunningham, is now a resident of 
the Territory of New iNIexico. The other, Mrs. 
Edwin Grimes, with her hushaml and children, re- 
sides with her adopted mother. 

Mrs. Cattell, no less than her distinguished hus- 
band, has attained some prominence as a leader in 
popular reform movements. Her whole life has 
been devoted to aiding the temperance cause, and 
her work and influence in that direction has been 
of inestimable value. In the Women's Suffrage 
movement she from the beginning look a loading 
part, becoming a champion for her sex, attending 
as a delegate State and National conventions. Dur- 
ing the war she was Chairman of the Sixth Ward 
(Des Moines) Committee of the Sanitary Board 
and did efficient work. 

OSEPII CAKLILE is the owner of a tine 
farm of one hundred and ninetj'-five acres, 
located on section 18, Bloomfield Township. 
The mapy improvements which have been 
made thereon, the well-tilled fields and the excel- 
lent grades of stock there raised, indicate the owner 
to be a man of thrift and enterprise, and jnstlj- 
rank him among the leading agriculturists of the 
county. Mr. Carlile is of Irish birth, and is a son 
of Joseph and Martha (Caronduff) Carlile, who 
were also natives of Ireland. By occupation the 
father was a farmer. He followed that business in 
|)ursuit of fortune in his native land until 18-JC, 
when, believing that he could better his condition 
bj' a removal to the Xew World, he emigrated to 
this country and located in Ohio. Some years later 
he became a resident of Minnesota, where lie again 
engaged in farming until his death, which occurred 

in 1887. His wife died ere the family left their 
native land. Four sons and Iwo daughters accom- 
panied theii- father, namely: .John, Joseph, Alex- 
ander, Robert, Margaret and Mary. 

Joseph Carlile, whose name heads this sketch, 
was born in IH.'io, and when a lad of eleven years 
crossed the broad Atlantic to the land which was 
henceforth to be his home. Like a dutiful son he 
assisted his father until twenty-one 3'ears of age, 
when he started out in life for himself. He was first 
emi)lo.yed as a farm hand, b\' the month, in Ohio, 
where ho worked until his marriage, which was cele- 
brated in 1857, Miss Catherine Mesmore becoming 
his wife. With his bride he then started for Min- 
nesota, where ho engaged in farming for himself 
until 1868. In 1863 his wife died, and four years 
later he wedded Miss Matilda Mentzer. Having 
sold his farm in Minnesota, in 1868 he removed to 
Polk County, Iowa, and purchased one hundred 
acres of land on section 18, Bloomfield Township. 
With characteristic energy he began its develop- 
ment, and by subsequent purchase extended its 
boundaries until now one hundred and ninety- five 
acres pay tribute lo his care and cultivation. He 
may trul}' be called a self-made man. He had no 
capital or influential friends to aid him, but step by 
step vvorked his waj' upward, unassisted, save by 
his own energy and perseverance. He now ranks 
among the well-to-do farmers of the county, and 
his success is but a fitting reward for his unceasing 
activity. He luis also given liherall}' of his means 
for the support of such enterprises as he believed 
would benefit the public. Educational, social and 
moral interests have found in him a warm advo- 
cate, and although not a member of any religious 
organization, he has aided in maintaining the church. 
His wife, a most estimable lady, belongs to the 
Methodist Church. In political soutinient he is a 

Four children have been' born of the union of 
Mr. and Mrs. Carlile, and have lived to become 
useful men and women in the world: Jasper, the 
eldest, assists his father in the cultivation of the 
home farm; Elizabeth is the wife of Byron South, a 
resident farmer of Bloomfield Township; Mary is 
the wife of Oscar Baker, a farmer of the same town- 
ship; and (icorge \. is engaged in merchandising 



ill St. Cloud, Minn. This family is lielil in high 
regard in the social world. During the Iwenly- 
two years of their residence in the community Mr. 
and Mrs. Carlile have made many warm friends, 
having by their upright lives gained the confidence 
and good wishes of those with whom they have 
come in contact. 

- — ^9-r4(-^°^- 

e( )I>. JOHN N. J)EWEY, deceased, was one 
of Des Moines' most highly esteemed and 
__^ ' useful citizens. He was born in Hanover, 
N. H., February 3, 1814, and was a son of .Jesse 
and .lane (Dow) Dewey. His father was a native 
of Springlkld, M.ass., horn Marcii 30. 1774, and his 
mother was born in Coventry, Conn., on the 28th 
of December, 1773. In early life they emigrated 
to Kew Hampshire, where they were married and 
made their home for many long years, the father 
dying in Lebanon, that State. .Inly 14, 1850. After 
his death. -Mrs. Dewey removed to Sharon, Vt., 
where she was called home July 4, 18C3. Of their 
four children none are living. 

The Colonel was the last of the family to pass 
away. As he was numbered among the Icmding 
citizens of I'olU County, it is with pleasure that we 
record this sketch, knowing that it will be received 
with interest by his many friends. His early edu- 
cation was acquired in the district schools and sup- 
plemented by two terms at Moore's Academy, which 
institution was located in his native town. It was 
originally intended for the education of the In- 
dians, but subsequently- was used for the schooling 
of their superior white brethren. In 1839, lie went 
to Anne Arundel County, Md., where he followed 
teaching for a term and then made his way north- 
ward to Newbury, Orange County, Xt. 

Ill that county on Christniius D.ay of 1S45, the 
Colonel was united in marriage with Miss Helta 
Johnson, who was born June 12, 1820, in Orange 
County, and wsis a daughter of Haines and Phix'be 
(Hazcltine) Johnson, both of whom were natives 
of Newljury. \'l. Her father owned a splendid 
farm on what is known as the Ox Bow of the Con- 

necticut River and ranked among the suljstantial 
citizens of that community. Both he and liis wife 
were memliers of the Congregational Church and 
were alive to all its interests. Their family num- 
bered sixteen children. 

In 184y, Col. Dewey turned his attention to 
civil engineering and for ten years was employed 
bj" railroad companies in New England and New 
York, until in April, 1855, when he came to Ft. 
Des Moines, then but a village, and engaged in en- 
gineering, survej'ing and dealing in real estate. 
He followed the hatter pursuit until his death and 
was remarkably successful. Being an able business 
man he was often called upon to transact business 
for his friends, the city and the State. A long list 
of offices of honor and trust was accorded him, 
among which ma}- be mentioned that of Citj- En- 
gineer, City Treasurer, Alderman of his AVard, 
Aldermanat large and President of the City Coun- 
cil. In 1861, the Legislature, convened in a called 
session, commissioned him .Auditor of Militar}- 
Claims against the State on account of expenses 
incurred in arming, c<iuipping, moving, clothing 
and subsisting troo()S raised for service in the Army 
of the United Slates, as well as for State defense. 
Arduous were his duties, but with such ability, dis- 
patcii and fidelity were they performed that llie 
.State was saved many thousands of dollars." In 
1862, President Lincoln appointed Col. Dewey as 
Assessor of Internal Revenue for the Third Con- 
gressional District of Iowa, he being the first to fill 
that position. He also received the appointment 
from Secretary .Stanton as Commissary of Subsist- 
ence, but was afterwards ol)liged to resign, .as the 
discharge of his duties as auditor of military ac- 
counts kept him in the active einplo}' of the State 
until after the close of the war. In 1868. the Iowa 
Legislature made him Slate Agent at Washington, 
conferring full power upon him to settle and adjust 
all its claims against the United States for mone3'S 
expended in aiding to suppress the rebellion at the 
South, as well as in defense of the State from In- 
dian and guerrilla raids made upon the northern 
and southern borders. In 1870, he was ai)])oiiited 
a member of the Board of Capitol Commissioners 
for the location and coirstruction of the capitol at 
Des Moines, in which he took a very active inter- 



est. In 1876, he was made President of the Dos 
Moines Gas Company, and two years later was 
elected Alderman at-larjio to servo in the City 
Council, of which he became President. In If^SO, 
he was elected President of tiie Dcs Moines Water 
Works Company, the largest corporation of the 
kind west of Chicago. 

Col. Dewey was one of nature's noblemen. From 
all the trials and temptations of long public service 
he came forth with a character irreproachable. He 
was a strong- believer in the principles of the lie- 
publican party, and stood high in its councils. He 
was charitable to the poor and gave liberally to 
churches and other worthy enterprises. lUit it was 
in his home that his true life shone out. He passed 
away September 9, 1889, leaving a family to which 
he was supremely devoted, consisting of wile and 
four daughters: Jennie D., the eldest, is now the 
wife of R. A. Griffith, of Des Moines; Belle D. is 
the wife of John L. Carey; Bertha and Abbie are 
at home. Mrs. Dewey and two of her daughters 
are meniliers of the Episcopal Church and the family 
stands high in the social world. As a business 
man, Col. Dewey was a marked success, having 
through his own efforts aceiimulaled a large for- 
tune which places his family above all want. 

If.SAAC B. DE FORREST, real-estate dealer of 
Des Moines, was born in Livonia, Tiivingslon 
County, N. Y., March 21. 1834. His paternal 
grandfather, also Isaac by name, emigrated from 
France in a earl}' day and settled in the Mohawk 
\'allcy in New York, where he was married. After- 
ward tliey removed to Michigan, being amoiig the 
first settlers of Ann Arbor, where the husband fs 
still living at the advanced age of almost one; hun- 
dred years. In early life he learned the trade; of 
a carijcnter and builder, vvliich he followed many 
years, and his sons, three in number, also learned 
the same occupation. David, the eldest, who died 
a number of years ago. was an extensive lumber 
dealer of .\nn Arbor; Andrew, the wealthy banker 
of Ann Arbor, Ijegan his business career by pur- 
chasing for -*i5 a pile of slabs which he used in 

erecting a house upon a lot wliich he subsequently 
bought. After completing it he traded the entire 
proiierty for sugar, besides investing whatever 
money and credit he had in the same product. 
.Sugar rose to more than double the price paid, and 
his s()eculation proved a profitable one. This is 
only one of the many far-sighted deals that liave 
made him one of the richest citizens of Ann Arbor. 
The other son, Benjamin, father of our subject, 
was a contractor and builder and m.ade a success of 
life in that line. He was a fine specimen of manhood, 
measuring si.x; feet four in height andweighing two 
hundred and twenty pounds. He accompanied his 
parents to Michigan, but returned to Livingston 
County, where he married Miss Lydia Fox, a na- 
tive of that county. Her father, Daniel Fox, was 
of English extr.action and served as a cook in the 
Colonial army during the Revolutionary War. 
Some years after their marriage Mr. De Forrest 
and his wife removed to Ann Arbor, but in 1840 
returned to New York, where he shortly afterward 
met with a fatal accident. While working on tlii' 
court-house at Geni;seo the third round fiom tlie top 
of a forty-eight-foot ladder broke, letting him fall 
on the pavement below, his death resulting immedi- 
iitely. His wife still lives in Rochester, N. Y. Of 
their four children, two sons and two daughters, 
only only one is now living, our subject. 

Isaac B. De Forrest was born on the same farm 
where his mother opened her eyes to the light of 
day, on the bank of the clear, winding Mohawk. 
After the death of his father he was bound out to 
farmer in the neighborhood, but l)econiing dissatis- 
fied he left at the end of three months, unknown to 
his employer or his niDther, and proceeded along 
the toll roacl toward town. The farmer followed 
in hot iiurs\iil, lint young Isaac's eyesight being 
tiic belter of llie two, he perceived the old gentle- 
man in the distance, jumped a fence and hid. At 
the toll-gate the farmer described the boy to the 
keeper who replied that he thought such a lad had 
gone l\y. Mr. De Forrest, however, passed on 
through the gate, after his pursuer, and dined wiili 
a hospitable old farmer who assured him protection 
and gave him advice. The next day hestarted for 
the Alleghany River, where he spent the winter in 
making shingles, receiviuy one-half of those he 



iiiaiuifactureil. After lie had made sixty-lliousaiid 
a raftsman proposed to lake liis Lalf of tliem to 
Cincinnati and to give liim ^40 and a ticket to 
Buffalo if lie would assist in propelling the raft. 
On his arrival in IJulTalo he found that he had,i5!200 
in cash, and with that capital in his [joeket went 
to Rochester and rented and furnished a house for 
his mother and sister, unknown to them, whom he 
cared for until he had a family of his own depend- 
ent upon him for support. When about fourteen 
3'ears of age he secured a position .as licll hoy on 
the New York Central Railroad, but when that road 
consolidated with the Buffalo, Rochester & Niagara 
Falls Railwa}' he quit the position and gave his at- 
tention to paper-hanging, which he followed suc- 
cessfully for a year, being an expert in that line. 
During that time he was called to do work for the 
master mechanic of the Buffalo, Rochester & Niag- 
ara Falls Railroad, Daviil Upton, who induced him 
to go into the company's shop and gave him the 
best possible chances, sending him out with a switch 
engine, giving him the management of the baggage 
car, making him conductor of the yiay car and 
using him, in fact, wherever a capable, trusty man 
was needed. For some eight years he was with that 
company, but spent a part of each year at paper- 
hanging. He then went to work for the Kasson 
Locomotive Exi)ress Company, transporting and 
setting up engines, trip-baramers, etc. He shipped 
the first four-wheeled pony engine to Chicago, took 
the U. S. Grant engine to Louisville, Ky.. trans- 
ported some forty engines to St. Joseph, Mo., for 
the Union Pacific Road, and during the war deliv- 
ered to the Louisville ife Frankfort and the Xash- 
vill & Chattanooga Railroads. Altogether he served 
in that capacity eight years. 

At Buffalo, N. Y., April 7, 1800, Mr. De Forrest 
was united in marriage with Miss Louisa F. Brad- 
bury, who was born in Corinth, Orange Count}', 
Vt., and is a daughter of David and Louisa (Rich- 
ardson) Brg.dbury, the former a native of Canaan, 
N. IL, and the latter of Corinth, Vt. All of their 
ten children lived to mature years and were mar- 
ried. Avaline died in Corinth, Vt., at the age of 
thirty-four years; Alvali died in Orange, VI., in 1885; 
I<'iauklin lives in Mancdicstcr, N. II. ; Henry resides 
in Adair County, Iowa; Converse died in East 

Orange, \'t., in 18G7; Louisa Francelia, wife of our 
subject, is the next younger ; Marietta makes her 
home in .Stannard, \'t. : Osman is a resident of 
^Michigan; Romano is located in East Orange, \'t., 
and Loiva is a resident of Westfield. Mass. 

.Soon after his marriage Mr. Dc Forrest located 
in Buffalo, N. Y., where he .again engaged in paper- 
hanging for some time, but in March, IH70, in 
order that he might be far from the railroad busi- 
ness, where his services were constantly solicited, 
he came to Des Moines and for fifteen years had 
I almost sole control of the paper busines of this 
! city and acquired a handsome property. Since 
1885 he has been dealing in real estate, stock and 
merchandise, and is also doing a good business in 
that line. Although his success has been nothing 
remarkable, bis prosperity has been of steady 

growth and he has accumulated a comfortable com- 
i petenc}' as the result of his own untiring industry. 

I In |)oliti('S Mr. De Forrest is independent. 

,^|JRC1IIBALI) K. STEWART, junior member 
of the law firm of Chamberlin & Stewart 
which was formed in May, 1883 and covers 
almost the entire period of his legal |)ractico, 
the honor of being a native of the Hawkeye State. 
He was born in Louisa County, April 20, 1850, 
and is a son of Archibald K. Stewart Sr., now a 
I resident of Keota, Keokuk County. Mr. Stewart's 
ancestors emigrated to the American Colonies in an 
day and settled near Carlisle, Pa., and two of his 
great-great-grandfathers fought for the inde))en- 
dence of their country in the Revolutionary War. 
The father was born in P)eaver County, Pa., !March 
23, 1820, l)ut in 1835 accompanied his parents to 
Dearborn County, Ind., where he -vedded, October 
16, 1841, Miss Mary A., daughter of Philip and 
Nancy Lawrence, a native of that county and a 
re))resentative of one of the pioneer families in 
whose honor the cit}- of Li.wrenceburg was named. 
They lived in that county until 1850 when the}' 
sought a home in the West and choosing Louisa 
County as their destination, became nnndiered 
among its honored pioneers After a successful 



life as a farmer and stock-raiser Mr, Stewart is now 
living a retired life in Keota. His first wife, the 
motlier of our subject died when Arcliiliald K., Jr. 
was a lad of fiv^ycars. Tlicy were tiie parents of 
eight children, four sons and four daugliters, and 
with the exception of one son, who died in infancy, 
all are yet living. I^aviiia, the eldest is still at 
home; Joseph Warren is engaged in business in 
Keota; Eliza J., is the wife of Alpheus E. Erdice 
a merchant of Keota and the present Mayor of that 
town; Arthur E. is a partner of his brother Warren; 
Mary A. is the wife of M. H. nuckaha,of St. Louis 
Mo; A. K. is the next j'ounger anfl Louie B. 
completes the family. Since the death of his first 
wife, Mr. Stewart again married and by that union 
has three children — Grace, Lee and Daisy. 

The earl^' childhood days of our subject were 
spent upon a farm in Louisa County, but in the 
fall of 186G he moved with his father to a farm in 
Washington County, and in 187G to the family 
home in Keota. He received his early education 
in the district schools of the neighborhood and in 
the years 1874-75-76 attended the Washington 
Academy and afterwards graduated _ at the Keota 
High School. The legal profession being his choice 
as a pursuit which he believed he could follow con- 
tentedly through life, he began making preparations 
for practice and was graduated from the Iowa State 
University in tiie class of 187!), the largest class 
that has ever graduated in the lower department of 
that school, numbering one hundred students. Mr. 
Stewart being under twenty-one years of ago at the 
time of his graduation could not therefore be 
admitted to the State Courts, but was ai once ad- 
mitted to tiie United Stales Courts and in June 
1880 was admitted to the .Su|jrcme C(jurt and all 
other courts of Iowa. On completing his law course, 
not bi'ing old enough to practice in the State Courts 
he engaged with his brothers in merchandising in 
Keota, where he passed a somewhat brief but suc- 
cessful business career. However having fitted 
himself for the work in which he is now engaged 
he determined to pursue his profession and in 1883, 
as above stated, established himself in the practice 
of law in Dcs Moines. 

Mr. Stewart was marriedJune 18, 1885, to JNHss 
Mary E. Van Winkle, of Keota, a native of St. 

Clair County HI., and the youngest daughter of 
James and Martha \'an Winkle. Their union has 
been blessed vvitl\ one son, Lawrence O., born on the 
14tli of November, 1887. ,Mr. .Stewart m.nkes his 
business a stud^^ and is rapidly gaining rank among 
tiie older pr.actitioners at tho bar of Polk County. 
He is one of the organizers and directors of the 
Grand Avenue Savings l>ank, and as an enterpris- 
ing and valued citizen stands high in the esteem of 
his associates both socially and professionally. lie 
is well deserving of representation in the history of 
his adopted county and it is with pleasure that wo 
record this sketch. 

OHN R. ROLLINS, for many years one of 
the reiiresentative business raon of Dcs 
Moines, and an honored pioneer settler, dat- 
ing his residence in this city from April, 
1857, was born in Carroll County', formerly Staf- 
ford County, N. IL, in 1824, and is a son of Elisha 
Rollins, who was born in Maine, only a short dis- 
tance from the New Hampshire line and removed 
to the Granite State in an early day. The family- 
is of Scotch Irish origin and the ancestry can be 
traced back to 1395. The progenitor of the family 
in America, James Rollins, came to this country in 
1G32, settling in Ipwich, Mass., whence he removed 
to Dover, in tlie same State. 

Elisha Rollins, on attaining to mature years, 
wedded Prudence Lord and they con'.inued to re- 
side in New Hampshire until called from tliis life. 
They were |)arents of two children who grew to 
mature years — John R. and Mrs. Olive Brown, who 
resides on the old homestead. Their first-born, a 
son, died ere the birth of our subject. 

John R. Rollins grew to manhood in his native 
Slate, acquiring a good English education in Wake- 
field Academy. At the age of eighteen years he 
began teaching and followed occupation for 
some time. It was with the hope of bettering his 
financiirt condition that in 1857, he bade good-by-e 
to his native State and emigrated to Iowa. As be- 
fore stated he took up his residence in Des Moines, 
where he eniliarked in teaching and in 1857 and 




1858 was Superinteiulentof tliecit.y schools. In 1H;J8 
be engaged in the wliolesale and retail grocery trade 
under the firm name of A. W. Rollins & Co.; sev- 
eral years later he became sole owner of the '.icsi- 
ness and four years later, or in the fall of 186.0, 
sold out to D. D. & W. W. Skinner. 

That same autumn, Mr. Rollins was united in 
marriage with Sarah E., daughter of Richard Rol- 
lins of this city and soon afterward returned with 
his bride to New Hampshire, but after remaining in 
the old Granite State for two j'ears. again came to 
l)es Jloines and purchased from Messrs. Skinner, 
the business which he had formerly sold them. For 
some time afterward iie carried on operations as a 
memlicr of the firm of Rollins & McClelland, his 
partner being one of the early settlers of Des 
Moines. The^' did a good business and prosperity 
seemed attendant upon their efforts but in 1872, 
misfortune overtook them, their store with its en- 
tire contents, which was wholly uninsured, being 
destroyed by fire. The loss on the stock was not 
less then >S 1.0, 000. With characteristic energy, 
however, the firm resumed business on Court Ave- 
nue and soon afterward Mr, Rollins purchased his 
partner's interest, continuing operations alone until 
the autumn of 1878, when he closed out his grocery 
stock and retired from the business. Either vvhen 
alone or as a member of the fiiin he did not devote 
his entire attention to the grocery trade but in- 
cluded other branches of business industry. lu)r 
several j'cars the firm was numbered among the 
princi()al pork packers of the city and their busi- 
ness .as a whole was one of the largest in Des 
Moines. After retiring from mercantile pursuits 
our subject was engaged with the State Insurance 
Company as adjuster and special agent for a time, 
but since 1884, has practically lived a retired life. 
For many years he was one of the successful l)usi- 
ness men of the city and aside from the enterprise 
above Micntioned was connected witli other impor- 
tant interests, lie was one of the organi/.ers of the 
Citizens' Hank of Ues Moines and has been a Di- 
rector of that institution continuousi)' since its 
establishment. He was also one of the organizers 
of the State Savings bank, of wiiich he is a director 
and stock-holder, and in fact lias been ])romiiienll3' 
identified with the banking interests of the city for 

many years. He is also a Director of the Iowa Pipe 
and Tile Company, and indeed is inseparably con- 
nected with the business history of the capital 
city. He has never sought ofHcial honors but for 
eiglit years was a member of the City Council of 
Des Moines, where he displa3'cd the same abilitv 
and fidelity to every trust reposed in him as else- 
where in his public and private career. Those who 
are acquainted with Mr. Rollins esteem him highly 
as an upright, honorable business man and pro- 
gressive citizen, worthy of the respect and confi- 
dence of all. 

V>y the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Rollins two 
children were born, a son and daughter. The former, 
Dick, born February 4, 1872, is their onl^* surviv- 
ing child. May, who was born October 14, 18G9, 
died of typhoid fever on the 6th of November, 
18SH. She was a most amiable and worthy young 
lady anil her early death was a sad atlliction to her 
parents and friends. 

j^- t)N C. r.RAINARD, one of the leading 
■ jY j'oung attorneys of Des Moines, who, since 
^^ ISIarch, 1883, has engaged in practice in 
this cit}', was born in Exeter Center, 
Otsego County, N. Y., in 1860 and there the 
early days of his boyhood were passed. When 
he was a lad of nine years, his father, M. S. llrain- 
ard, removed with his family from Exeter Center 
to Richfield Springs in the sanie county, where our 
subject aLtended school for about two 3'ears, after 
which he pursued a three years' course of studj- in 
Whilelovvn Seminary near I'tica, N. Y., to which 
place the family removed in 1878. Leaving home 
two years later, in the s[)ringof 1880, Don IJraiuard 
removed to Danville. Tnd., where he attended a 
normal college for about six months, going from 
thence to rullman. 111., where he embarked ujjon a 
business career as an employe in the cabinet de- 
partment of the ear shops of that place. While 
thus engaged he also began the study of law, having 
decided to qualify himself for the legal profession. 
On leaving I'ullman. he engaged in teaching at 
Gray's Lake, near Waukegan. 111., but after one 





term thus spent, he came to Iowa, locating in 
Lawler, Chickasaw County. After a few nionliis. 
liowevcr, he entererl the law ollice of Ainsworth 
<t Ilchson at West Union, where lie leniaine I a year, 
wiien in February, 1883, he was admitted to the 
bar and immediately came to Des Moines. For a 
year he acted as attorney for the Stale Insurance 
Company, since which time he has been engaged in 
general pr.actice, doing a good business for one of 
his years. 

Mr. Braiuard is the youngest of five brothers 
and the only one of the number living in the West. 
His fatlier is now deceased but the other members 
of the family are still residents of the Umpire 
State. The oldest of the brothers isLavcgaM.; 
Bradner N. is engaged in manufacturing in New 
York; Lucian L. is a physician of Little Falls, 
N. Y.; and Edward D. resides on the old home- 
stead farm nearUtica. There were also two sisters 
in tiic family, but one is now deceased. 

Mr. Brainard, wliose name lieads this notice, is a 
gentleman of excellent attainments, a good lawyer, 
and a progressive, enterprising citizen whom we 
are pleased to mention in this volume. 




nentamong the names of distinguished mem- 
bers of tlie Iowa must lie i)laced that of 
D' tiie gentleman of whom the following bio- 
graphical sketch is here presented. .Tudge Cole, 
late Chief .Justice of the Supreme Court of Iowa, 
was born in Oxford, Clienango County, N. Y., on 
the 4th .June. 1821, and is a son of Samuel and 
Alee (Pullman) Cole. His father was a farmer 
by occupation, and was descended frotn one of the 
earliest Now England families. The American 
founder was .lolin Cole, who was born ni England 
in 1C70. and soon after the beginning of the eight- 
eenth century came, with his family, to America, 
settling in Rehoboth,now .Secunk, U. I. From him 
the genealogy is traced as follows: His son, John 
Cole, Jr., who was born in England in ITO.'i, ;ic- 
compaiiied his parents to America in childhood. 
He was twice married, his second wife being Mary 

Bowen, bj' whom he had six children. One of 
the number, Thomas Cole, was born in ^■ulu^- 
town, now Sterling, Conn., on the 'ioth of August, 
1735. He was married to Miriam Kinne, who 
was born in Sterling, Conn., in 1737. They lived 
together nearly seventy years, the husband dying 
October 25, 1827, in Oxford, Chenango County. 
N. Y., and his wife departing this life two months 
later. They had ten children, nine of whom mar- 
ried, and had families. 

At the time of his death, Tlioni'is Cole left one 
hundred and fifty living descendants — five chil- 
dr(?n, fifty-eight grandchildren, eight3--two great- 
grandchildren and five great-great-grandchildren. 
The following, regarding Thomas Cole, appeared 
in the Chenango HepuhliiMii, November 27, 1827: 
"His days were industriously spent in the pursuits 
of agriculture. He was exemplary in his morals 
and just in his dealings. The wear of time had so 
enfeebled his nerves that he confined to his 
bed nine days before his death, and we may with 
propriety quote the words of the [joet .as applicable 
to him — 

'Of no distemper, of no blast he died, 
lUit fell like autumn fruit that mellowed long; 
E'en wondered at because he falls no sooner. 
Fate seemed to wind him u|) to four-score years. 
Yet freshly ran he on twelve winters more. 
Till, like a clock worn out with beating time, 
The wheels of weary life stood still.' " 

.Samuel Cole, seventh son of Thomas and Miriam 
Cole, was born in Sterling, Conn., July 23, 1775. 
His wife was Alee Pullman, a native of West 
Greenwich, Conn., born .huu! 22, 1783. They were 
married December 20, 1 7118, and were the parents 
of eleven children, ten of whom lived to rear 
families. The father died in Oxford, N. Y., No- 
vember 8, 1832, and his wife died in Empire, III., 
January 21, 1858. Chester C. Cole, the subject of 
this sketch, their youngest child. He wis pre- 
pared for college at Oxford Acaderaj', and when 
eighteen years of age was to have entered the 
junior class of Union College, but protracted ill- 
hcallli prevented, and at the age of twenty-two he 
entered the law school of Harvard University, then 
l)residi'd ovci' by the ablest legal instructors in the 
country. After a two-years' course, he was gradu- 
ated in the class of '48. Immediately after com- 



pleting his course in the law school. Judge Ci-le 
went to Frankfort, K3'., where for a short time he 
was in charge of the legislative ilepartment of the 
Frankfort Commomvcallh, a daily paper of that 
city. He then located in ilarion, Crittenden 
County, Ivy., whore he was admitted to the bai 
and established himself in practice. The succeed- 
ing nine years were spent by him in active profes- 
sional work in Marion, and with marked success. 
From that start he had won a leading place among 
his brethren of the legal profession, and was re- 
tained, on one side or the other, on every import- 
ant case that came into court. He distinguished 
himself especially as a criminal lawyer, and made 
an enviable record. During those nine j-ears of 
practice it is said of him that he was retaii.ed in 
nearly ever^' important criminal case tried in that 
court, and that he cleared every client he defended, 
and convicted the only two that he prosecuted. 
His reputation as a successful lawyer led to his 
being emploj'ed on important cases in the neigh- 
boring States. His career was all the more credital)le 
U> him for the reason that he,as a young practitioner, 
had to r^ontend with some of the best legal talent 
of a State noted for its able lawyers. Among his 
competitors were L. W. Powell, Archibald Dixon, 
Samuel A. Kingman, Robert A. Patterson, George 
W. Barber and H. C. Burnett, all of whom have 
since lield high positions in the State and Federal 

In Majs 1857, Judge Cole came to Des Moines, 
where he has since resided, being one of the oldest 
surviving lawyers of this citj'. On locating here, 
lie was at once accredited the leading position in 
the Iowa bar, to which his rare ability and high 
re[)ulation justly entitle him. When the late war 
broke out, he was among the first to take a decided 
stand in support of the Government and in de- 
fense of the Union, and to aid by his eloquence in 
the enlistment of men and in the development of 
patriotic sentiment in the hearts of the people. His 
political career began in 185SI, when he was de- 
feated as the Democratic candidate for Judge of 
the Supreme Court. In 18G0 he was the candidate 
of the same i)art3- for Congress, but the district 
being strongly* Republican, he was again defeated 
after a brilliant canvass on his part, by his oppo- 

nent. Gen. Curtis. Judge Cole continued to act 
with the Democracy until after the convention in 
1861, since which time he has been a stanch sup- 
porter of Republican principles. In P'ebruary, 
1861, he was appointed one of the judges of the 
Supreme Court of Iowa, and the following fall 
was elected 10 the same office by the unprecedented 
majority of fort^- thousand votes, and was re- 
elected, in 1870, by an equally flattering vote. In 
1865 he became associated with Judge George G. 
AVright, formerly Chief Justice of the .Supreme 
Court of Iowa, in the organization of a law school 
of Des Moines, which subsequently became the law 
department of the State Universitj". Man3' of the 
leading members of the present Iowa bar received 
instructions from the subject of this sketch. In 
1869 Judge Cole became Chief Justice of Iowa, 
and was re-elected for the succeeding term, but 
resigned the otlice on the 19th of Januaiy. 1876, 
and resumed the practice of his i)rofession. In 
speaking of the career of Judge Cole on the bench 
and his qualifications as a jurist, we quote an ex- 
tract from a biographical sketch of him which was 
published in "Andreas' Historical Atlas of Iowa," 
of 1874 : '"Associated during his judicial experience 
with the ablest minds which the State has produced, 
with Wright, Dillon and Lowe, with Beck, Miller 
and Day, called to the consideration of legal ques- 
tions, a large part of which were without prece- 
dent in the reports of the State, particularly- those 
relating to the taxing power and to the relation of 
corpoiations to the whole body corporate. Judge 
Cole has been the peer of the ablest of his judicial 
associates. With respect to the subjects to which 
we have adverted, and which, during this period, 
have been matters of absorbing interest, the de- 
cisions of the court have been plainl}- and Indel- 
ibly stamped with the stamp of his conviction. The 
positions which he assunieil in the early history' of 
this time, particularly with reference to corporate 
rights, have come to be the settled faith of the pub- 
lic mind. His judicial work has been distinguished 
for a display of the highest qualities which are de- 
manded by the bench. Of remarkable quickness 
and correctness of apprehension, he ahv.iys deals 
directly with the point at issue; of great discrimi- 
nation in the selection of anaIoa:ies. he illustrates 



l>is opinions wiLli few, but apt, citations of nutlior- 
ities; fortunate in his early legal training, and 
still more fortunate in tiie possession of an untir- 
ing intUistry, wliicli lias never given him resi)ite 
from stuil3', he has infused into his decisions, and 
tiius into the local monuments of the State, the 
spirit with which he has been imbued from a life- 
long inter(!0urse with the highest sources of the 
law. To these (pialities he has brought a single- 
ness of intellectual purpose which has always kept 
him from discursive argument and reasoning, and 
a courage of conviction by which he has announced 
the law boldly and fearlessly, regardless of per- 
sonal consequences or present approval. As a 
judicial writer, he has eloquence, cleai-ness and 
force. Some of his opinions, while alw,ays reaching 
to every point in issue, have the characteristics of 
scholarly cssajs upon legal topics. At the same 
time, while his elegance of diction and readiness 
of expression might expose him to the danger of 
intellectual display, his opinions always bear the 
evident purpose of casting upon the mind of the 
reader the same light which is shining in his own. 
This paramount and single object is always in 
view, to illustrate clearly and logically his own 
earnest and honest convictions. To one other char- 
acteristic his reputation stands not a little indebted. 
While always a lawyer and jurist, his inspiration has 
not been drawn alone from the studj' of authorities, 
m- guided by the formulas of the books. Of large 
sympathies and a thorough practical knowledge, 
he has never lost sight of the human and ethical 
side of the law in his devotion to the niaxioms of 
the past. With him a decision must always be 
grounded in the law, but that could not be law 
which did violence to equitj' or resulted in incon- 
venience or wrong to great masses of the commu- 

For many years .Judge Cole was editor of the 
Wi'slf'rn Juris/, a |)eriodical |niblislied in Des 
Moines, and conducted with marked ability. He 
was also editor of the edition of the Iowa Law Re- 
ports, in 1)S7'.), which he had liberally annotated, 
and which exhibits his gieat legal acunien and ex- 
haustive research. 

On the 24th of .June, 1848, .Tudge Cole was 
iiiiitrd in marriage with Miss Amanda M. Itennett, 

an associate of his youth. She is a daughter of 
Egbeit Bennett, and was born in Cortland County, 
N. Y. Her family is one of the oldest in that 
State. Her mother, whose maiden was Bogardus, 
belonged to the famil3' so largely interested in an 
extensive property now in chancerj'. .Judge and 
Mrs. Cole are the parents of five children, two sons 
and three daughteis — Will W.. the eldest, married 
Miss Frances Cha|)in and is engaged in the hnnber 
business on the Columbia River, in Oregon; Alice 
Gertrude is the wife of A. C. Atherton, of Lewis- 
ton, Fulton County, 111., who is the general super- 
intendent of an Illinois railroad; Mary Eugenie is 
the wife of U. C. McMartin, a lawyer of this city; 
Frank 15., who married Ella .Jenkins and makes his 
home in Des Moines, is employed as an engineer 
by the Chicago, St. Paul & Kansas City Railroad 
Company; Carrie Stone, the youngest, is the wife 
of J. R. Hurlbul, of the firm of Hurlbut, Iless & 
Co., wholesale druggists, of Des Moines. 

While .Judge Cole has spent forty-two years in 
the active practice of his profession and in service 
on the bench of the Su[)i'eme Court, he is still in 
the legal harness and working as industriously as 
in his earlier days before he had won the reputa- 
tion of being one of the ablest and brightest law- 
3'ers in the Stale. 

/AMES CAMPBELL, M. D., a pioneer phy- 
sician of Polk County, dating his residence 
from 1810, is now one of the leading prac- 
titioners of Des Moines. He was born near 
Gallipolis, in (iallia County, Ohio, July 11, 1815, 
and is a son of .(ohn and Mary (Knight) Campbell, 
tlie former born in Virginia of Scottish ancestors, 
while his mother was a native of North Carolina. 

The early life of our subject passed uneventfully. 
His boyhood days were spent in his natire State, 
and his education acquired in the common schools. 
He niaile a t: ip to Iowa Territory on horsebark in 
1830, and settled first in Van Buren County, 
whence he came to Ft. Des Moines in l,S|ti. 
Shurtly after his arrival he engaged in inerchau- 



dising ill the old guard house, liut continued in 
that business only a short time, when, liiving pre- 
viously pursued the stud^' of medicine, lie estab- 
lished himself in practice, being the second ph3'si- 
cian in the place. Ilis predecessor was Dr. T. K. 
Brooks. The capital city is much indebted to him 
for the active part which he has taken in her up- 
building and the promotion of her leading fnter- 
ests. He laid out the part of I)es Moines known 
as Campbell and McMullen's Addition and was 
actively identified with the early history of Polk 

On the 8th of July, 1841, in Van Buren County, 
Dr. Campbell joined in wedlock with Miss 
Calista Hill, a daughter of John Hill, and a native 
of Mansfield, Ohio. They have four sons and four 
daughters, as follows: Milton, who is a practicing 
physician of Chillicothe, Mo.; Emiline, wife of 
Robert Hathaway, of .Santa Rosa, Cal. ; George, 
who died in childhood; Mary J., who died at the 
age of twenty years; John, a practicing phjsician 
of Des Moines; Sarah, wife of John Bird of this 
eity; and Albert, who married Abbie Peisley and 
is a resident of Des ^loines. The mother of this 
family was called to her final rest June 18, 1858, 
and five years later, on the 22d of July, 1863, the 
Doctor was again married, his second wife being 
Miss Barbara Keltz, who born in Zanesville, 
Ohio. They have one child, a daughter. Ida, who 
is now the wife of James Deakin, of Des Moines. 

Dr. Campbell is a supporter of the Democratic 
party and was the second County Treasurer and 
Recorder of Polk (bounty, and bought the first 
bound book used in those offices. When he was 
elected the county had no established otliee and no 
supplies. At that time in its histoiy. the Des 
Moines River navigable for good sized steam- 
boats and the Doctor s.a>'s he witnessed the passage 
of the first boat, the "'Dove," up the river in the fall 
of 1840, and since seen five such boats that 
had come up from the Mississippi, lying near the 
mouth of the Coon. That was in 1851 and the 
place was then known as Racoon Forks. The Doctor 
claims the honor of being the second oldest sur- 
viving settlor of Ft. Des .Moines still residing in 
the cit3', his professional [ircdecessor enjoying the 
distinction of being th' first. Fifty-one years 

have p.'xssed since Dr. Canipl)ell first settled in the 
Territory of Iowa and the snows of forty-four 
winters have fallen upon his since he became 
a resident of Des Moines. He has been a witness 
of the wonderful growth of the present magnifi- 
cent capital cit}- of fifty thousand inhabitants, 
which has taken the place of the little frontier 
hamlet of Racoon Forks with its log cabins and 
other rude evidences of an embryonic civilization. 
That he bore a more or less conspicuous part in 
many of the wild scenes of those early times is 
well remembered by his few remaining comrades of 
the days of long ago. 

\l^ ENRY COX, M. D., for many years a 
prominent physician and surgeon of Des 
Moines. He a native of Ohio, born in 
'^ Butler County, September 21, 1821, and a 
son of a Methodist clergyman. When he was a 
child of about five 3'ears his parents removed to 
Indiana, where they died not long afterward, thus 
leaving Henry an orphan at a tender .age. He re- 
turned to his native State but after three years 
again went to Indiana. His literary education was 
acquired in the common schools but he was studious 
and being a great reader, throughout life kei)t him- 
self well-informed on the leading issues of the day 
and was an intelligent conversationalist. When 
but a youth he determined to educate himself for 
the medical profession and bent all liis energies to 
the attainment of that object. In 1849, soon after 
the discovery of gold on the Pacific coast, with the 
hope of rapidly acquiring a competence, he crossed 
the plains to California, where he rem.'iined about 
two years. On his return he resumed his prepara- 
tions for the profession which he had chosen and 
gr.aduated from the Ohio Medical College of Cin- 
cinnati, in 185.'i. .Soon after he located in Danville, 
Ind.. where he successfully practiced his profession 
for many years. His health finally failing from 
overwork, he resolved to seek a home elsewhere 
and in f8GG. came to Des Moines, where he en- 
gaged in the wholesale drug business as a ineniber 



of tlie linu of Russell & Cox. He was quile suc- 
cessful for a time aiul displayed iiuicli ability in 
the mauaiiement of his business, but adverse cir- 
cumstances, over which lie had no control, resulted 
in financial loss and in consequence he resumed his 
professional labors in 1S73. A liberal patronage 
rewarded his efforts and he was regarded as one of 
the leading physicians of the cit}-. Ho died on the 
1st of February, 1888, a respected and honored 

On the loth of October, I84G, Dr. Cox was uni- 
ted in marriage in Highland County, Ohio, to Miss 
Catherine H. Beatv, who survives her husband and 
is still a resident of Des Moines. By their union 
were born six children, one of whom, Frank E., 
died in early life. Mary I., the eldest, is the wife 
of Dr. J. W. Adams of this city; Eliza is the wife 
of AV. F. Mitchell, of Des Moines; James E., the 
eldest son, was born in Indiana in 1835, but has 
made his home in Des Moines since 1866, when he 
accompanied his parents to this city. He married 
Miss Louise Hunter, a native of Illinois, lie is 
one of the drug merchants of Des Moines, being 
the principal partner in the firm of J. E. Cox & Co. 

The death of Dr. Cox proved a loss to profes- 
sional and social circles as well as to his immediate 
family. He was a well-educated man and possessed 
much more tiian average ability. He was related 
to the well-known statesman, S. S. Cox, and the 
famil^^ has produced a number of men of note. 
Active, energetic and upright in ail his business 
transactions, he won tlie confidence and esteem of 
all with whom he came in contact and left at death 
a character well worthy of emulation. 


(| IfelLLIS B. PORTER, of the real-estate firm 
\^n ^^ Case & Porter, is a native of Iowa. He 
W^ was born in Lee County, June 2:]. 1859, 
and is a son of John Porter, a native of Ohio, who 
in early manhood emigrated to Iowa, and located 
in Lee County. For a companion in life lie chose 
Miss Rachel S. Brand, who was born in what is now 
AVcst \'iri;inia. and came to Iowa iu 1840. during 
its territorial dtiys. Having fiijlowcd thi! occupa- 

tion of farming until 1861, John Pcjrter then re- 
moved to Des Moines, and in A|)ril of the following 
year responded to iiis country's call for troops b}' 
enlisting as a private in the Twenty-third Iowa 
Infantry. He served two years and eight months 
and participated in a number of hotly contested 
engagements. At the battle of Jlilliken's Bend he 
lost his right thumb. .Soon after his return from 
the war he went to work in the press room of the 
Jiegister office and within a short time arose to be 
foreman, a position he has held continuously since. 
Politically he is a stanch supporter of Republican 
principles and both he and his wife are members of 
the Methodist Church. The family consisted of 
seven children, of whom five, four sons and a 
daughter are yet living. It is remarkable that so 
many of the family should have been so long con- 
nected'with the licy inter. Willis B. has been iden- 
tified with that pa|)er twenty-three years; Addison 
S. for twenty ^-ears. the last decade being press- 
man; and John L. for nineteen 3-ears, being now 
at the of the mailing department. 

When our subject was eight j-ears of age he 
began selling papers for the Register and his faith- 
fulness and trusted service soon won him promo- 
tion. After a time he began working in the mailing 
department and finall}' entered the press room, 
where he has been employed continuously since, 
though in the past few years he has devoted him- 
self more especially to dealing in real estate. He 
has, since his seventeenth year been handling Des 
Moines property in a small w.ay and in May, 1887, 
formed a partnership with Farren Case. The firm 
is now doing a good business and is recognized as 
one of the leading real-estate corporations in the 
city. Mr. Porter aided in platting Williamson 
Place and Case's addition to Des Moines and in 
many other ways has been instrumental in [nomo- 
ting the interests of the city. 

On the 6th of September, 1877, Mr. Porter led 
to the marriage altar Miss Clara Rich, a native of 
Des Moines and a daughter of Harry H. Rich. They 
have now become parents of four children, as fol- 
lows: Willis B., Jessie G., Ross M. and Richard 
Clarkson, all of whom were born in this cil^- and 
are still at home, hi [loliticnl sentiment Mr. Porter 
is a Ki'[)ulilican. Iku iiig suppurted llial [larty since 



!itt;iining liis iiiMJority. lie takes great interest in 
its success and welfare and lias served as delegate 
to the county conventions, where lie has been an 
important member. He keeps himself well in- 
formed on all the leading issues of the day. whether 
political or otherwise and from his boyhood up has 
been regarded as a worthy citizen. Certainl3' he 
deserves great credit for his perseverance and well- 
diiTCted efforts. Tliough he began life as a news- 
boy, his ambition would not allow liira to be 
content with that humble position and working his 
way upward he is now recognized as a leading- 
business man. and is the owner of valuable city 



OLLIN E. HARRLS, President and manager 
\( of the Mahaska Coal Company, and mana- 
ger and secretary of the Marion Coal Com- 
i^, pany, is a native of Beloit, Wis., of English 
descent. He was born on the 8lh of December, 
1850, and is a son of Daniel and Jerusha (Hodges) 
Harris. Ills parents, both of whom were natives 
of New York, emigrated from that Slate to the 
West in 1835, settling in Chicago, III., where at 
that time choice lots could be had "for a song," 
The following year thej* took up tlieir residence in 
Beloit, Wis., where for some time Jlr. Harris 
worked at his trade of cariicntering and for manj' 
}-eais ran a planing mill. They have since returned 
to the East and are now living in Pennsylvania, at 
the ages of seventy-three and seventy- two j'ears, 
respectively. They are consistent members of the 
Baptist Church, and in political sentiment IMr. 
Harris is a Republican. 

There are only two children in the famil\- to 
which our subject belongs. The boyhood daj-s of 
Rolliu E. were spent under the i)arental roof and 
in the public schools he received his education, 
completing his course of study in the Quincj'High 
School of Quinc}', III. Having fitted himself for 
business, when twenty -one years of age he secured 
a position as assistant bookkeeper in a wholesale 
house, where he remained five years, but his duties 
were verj- arduous and failing healtli at length 
com|)elled him to seek eiiipldynieiit elsewhere. For 

seven years he was engaged as salesman vvilli the 
Standard Oil Company of Chicago, and the suc- 
ceeding two 3'ears of his life were spent as book- 
keeper for the Northwestern Fuel Company of St. 
Paid, Minn. He was then employed in Angus, 
Iowa, b^- llie Climax Coal Coinpan}', and iu 1885 
became manager of the Mahaska Coal Company at 
Des Moines. His residence in Des Moines dates 
from 1886. In 1889 he formed the Marion Coal 
Company, of which he is now manager and secre- 
tary. The Mahaska Company has its mines at 
Fishville. Jlahaska County ,the capacity being about 
one hundred thousand tons per 3'ear, and owns and 
has under lease five hundred and twenty acres of 
land. The mines of the Marion Coal Company, 
which have a daily capacity of six hundred tons, 
are located near Otley, Marion Countj', and the 
field embraces one hundred and twenty-one acres. 

In Quincy, 111., Mr. Harris wedded Miss Minnie 
Montgoineiy, a native of New York, the marriage 
taking place in April, 1874. They now have an 
interesting family of five children — Kate, Mont- 
gomery, Russell, Eugene, Marguerite. 

As a business man Mr. Harris has been (juite 
successful, having made what he has by his own ef- 
forts. He owns considerable shares in both the 
Mahaska and Marion Coal Companies. He furn- 
ishes to the public a splendid locomotive coal, one 
that p.''oduces a great amount of heat to the ton 
and finds a ready sale in the market. Under his 
able management the companies have one uf the 
extensive businesses in the city. In political senti- 
ment Mr. Harris is a Republican and is a worthy 
and valued citizen who ranks as high in the social 
world as he does in Imsiness circles. 



RS. A. W. & M.L. DFN LAP, eclectic |iliysi- 
cians, constitute one of the leading medical 
firms of Des Moines. The senior [lartner, 
Asbury W. Dunlap, was born in Iluntiiig- 
don County, Pa., September 16, 1852, and is a son 
of Samuel and Rachel (Woomer) Dunlap, both of 
whom were natives of the Keystone Slate. He 
passed his early life in his native county, attended 



seliool until sixtetMi years of age, and llicn in 1868 
came to Iowa with his parents, inalvinn his home 
with them in I'oweshietc Count}'. 11 is father is of 
Scotch origin and his niotiior of (iennan descent. 
Tlie}- arc both living and are still residents of Pow- 
esiiick C'ounly. 

Dr. Duidap attained to mature years in tliat 
count}' and, having arrived at man's estate, De- 
cember 20, 1870, wedded Miss Mary L. Blood, 
who is now Dr. M. L. Dunlap. engaged in practice 
with her husband. She is a native of Adrian, Mieli., 
and a daughter of Leonard P. and Lucinda (Will- 
iams) Blood. She came to Iowa with her parents 
in 1871, and made her home in Poweshiek County, 
where, as before stated, she was mariied, December 
■20, 1876. 

Dr. A. W. Dunlap received his medical education 
in the Iowa Medical College, of Des Moines and w.:s 
graduated in the class of March, 188'J, since which 
time he has been in practice in this city. After his 
marriage, however, he resided in Poweshiek County, 
until 18.S2, when with his wife he came to Dos 
Moines where they have since made their home. 
Thej' have one child, n son, Wallace Asbur}', born 
in Poweshiek County, July 21, 1878. The mother 
pursued her medical studies in Drake University, 
graduating in the class of 1887, and subsequenll}' 
took a course of study in the Iowa Eclectic Medi- 
cal College of this citj', from which she received 
the degree of M. April, 1888. Both husband 
and wife possess a thorough knowledge of the pro- 
fession to which they devote their energies and by 
laboring ( onjointly their efforts are much more 
effective. They are members of the Primitive 
Methodist Church and are held in liigli regard by 
all vvho know them. 


~ f-^-^' — 1 ~ 

'()nN TUOSTKL is one of the well-known 
business men of Des Moines, having been 
identified with the interests of the city since 
1869. He was born in Wurtemberg, Germany, 
on the 15lh of June, 18i;3, and is one of six chil- 
dren, foursons .and two dauglders. His father was 
George M. Trostel, also a native of Germany, in 

whichj country he spent his entire life. A record 
of the children is as follows: Ernst, the eldest son 
is still a resident of his native land; Albert was 
the first of the family to come to the ITnited States 
and is now extensively engaged in the tanning 
business in Milwaukee and ranks amtxig the prom- 
inent and iiitiuential citizens of that place; Philip, 
the tliird child remains with his brother in Germany. 
The sisters are Mrs. Dora Shurr and Mrs. Sophia 

John Trostel, our subject, is the youngest of the 
four brothei^. In his youth he learned the trade 
of a ijutcher but as no favorable opportunity pre- 
sented itself for engaging in business he determined 
to come to America, lielieving better advant.ages 
were afforded j'oung men than in the older coun- 
tries the water. It was in 1863, when about 
twenty years of age, he sailed to the United .States. 
On reaching this country he at once went to Mil- 
waukee, wheie his brother was living and remained 
in tliat city for about three years. He afterwards 
resided for a time in Waukesha, Wis., and in Mad- 
ison, the capital of the State, but in 18G!) sought a 
home in Des JMoines. Shortly after his ai rival iu 
this city he engaged to work for John Duff, with 
whom he continued about six months and then en- 
tered the employ of August Schlosser, but after a 
short time he embarked in business for himself as 
a partner of Fred Roth on Third Street, opening 
their establishment to the public January 22, 1864. 
About six months later they removed to AVabiiit 
Street, where they continued until 1871, when they 
suffered a heavy loss by fire. However, with char- 
acteristic energy, Mr. Trostel began preparations 
for the of his business and in the same 
year formed a partnersiup with Gotlieb Hutten- 
locker, with whom he continued about ten years. 
In 1873, the firm erected a fine building on AValnut 
.Street, now occupied by Kahler it Co. After sev- 
eral years Mr. Trostel sold his interest in that 
building to his partner and |)urchased four lots on 
the corner of Locust Street and Sixth Avenue, for 
which he paid $ll,r)00 and erected thereon a fine 
block, which is known as the Trostel Itloclc. at a 
cost of * 13,000. 

In Des Moines, in October. 1.S7S. Mr. Trostel 
was united in marriage with iMiss .M;iiv liowman, a 



iKilive of I'olk Coiiuly. ,aii() a (lau.;;hlei- of John 
Bowman, an early seUler of .Icfleison Townsliip, 
who died at his liome in that community on the 
20tli of January, 1890. His wife survives him 
and is still living on tlie old lioniestead. Their 
family numbered seven children. The sons are 
Jacob, John and Ciiristopher, the last named dying 
April 20, 1890, and the daughters are Carrie, wife 
of Charles Zeininger of Wichita, Kan.; Maggie, 
wife of G. F. Speith, of Des Moines; Mary, the 
wife of our subject; and Kaiie J. who is still with 
her mother. To Mi-, and Mrs. Trostel have been 
born four children, George W., Carl, Fred Bruno, 
and Kdwin John. All were born in Des IMoines 
and the family circle yet remains unbroken. 

Mr. Troslcl may Inily be called a self-maiie 
man, having m:id(! his own way through life by his 
industry, enteri)rise and good business ability. He 
came to America when a youth of twenty summers 
and immediately engaged in honest work which he 
continued until by the labor of his own hands he 
had accumulated a few hundred dollars. lie then 
came lo Des Moines and invested his capital, em- 
barking in what has proved to be a most successful 
business career. He is still comparatively a young 
man and energetically api)lying himself with un- 
tiring industry to his interests until he now ranks 
among the prominent and prosperous l)usines.s men 
of Des Moines. As a cili/.en he is honoied for his 
integrity and upright character and has gained the 
conlidenci' and good will of a large circle of friends 
and accpiaintanccs. 



ICHAKD ROLLINS, of Des Moines, is an 
honored • early settler, who since March, 
18G5,has made his home in this city. He is 
^J) a native of the Pine Tree Slate, having been 
born in Lebanon, York County, on the l.'ith of 
June, 1801. His father, John Rollins, was a native 
of New IIam|)sliire, born of English parentage, 
while his mother, whose maiden name was I'etsv 
Shapley, was a native of Maine. The parents of 
our subject continued to reside in Maine until their 
death. Their children all grew to mature years and 

renre'l families of their own, but Richard and KHz 
abeth aie the only ones now surviving. AVhcn the}- 
married they all settled within a few miles of the 
old homestead (as it was the desire of the mother 
that she might have her children near her) and re- 
mained in that vicinity until the parents were callcil 
home. The children were Moses, Elislia, Daniel, 
John, Richard, David L., Samuel, Andrew, Caro- 
line and Elizabeth. 

Richard Rollins, whose name heads this sketch 
passed his early life in the usual manner of farmer 
lads, but ere he had attained to mature years learned 
the carpenter's trade, which he made his life work. 
In comi)any with his sons, he erected many of the 
finer buildings of Des Moines and for many years 
was acknowledged to be one of the best contractors 
and builders of the city. By his industry and en- 
terprise, combined with good management, he ac- 
quired a con' potency which now enables him to live 
in retirement and enjo}- a well-earned rest. He 
was married in his native State to Miss Betsy 
Hayes, a native of New Hampshire, the \inion tak- 
ing place on the 9lh of September, 182(). The young 
couiile began their domestic life in Maine, where 
they continued to reside until 1 856, which year wit- 
nessed their arrival in Des Moines. They had a son 
who, two years i)revious, had come to the West and 
located in this city, and through his influence Mr. 
Rollins was induced to seek a home in the Ilawkeye 
Slate. Not long after his arrival in Polk County-, 
in company with his sons, he erected a paper mill, 
which he operated for a time and then sold toother 
parties. It was probably the first paper mill in the 
State of Iowa. On selling out he turned his atten- 
tion to his chosen trade, which he followed with 
marked succes.s until his retirement to private life. 
l>y the union of Mr. and Mrs. Rollins they be- 
came parents of nine children. George A. continued 
to resiilc in Maine until within a few years i)asl 
when he became a resident of Chicago. He was for 
many years a' leading merchant of the Pine Tree 
vState; William A., the second son, died of a cancer 
at the home of his fatlier, a number of years ago; 
Alonzo W., is also deceased; .lohn F. is a resident 
of Des Moines; Henry M., is living in Ihiscitj'; 
Sarah E.. is the wife of John Rollins; Fanny is the 
wife of B. Corning. Mi-. Rollins was called upon 

(^.j^^j^yzoCo ^yt},c/'€L/c 



to mourn the loss of his beloved wil'i', who died on 
tlie 28lh of March, 1882,at the age of eighty years. 
They had tiavelerl life's journey togeliier for fifty- 
six years and it was indeed a iieavy lilow to the 
husband when the conapaniou of his manhood days 
was taken from liim to be united no more tiiis side 
of the grave. 

Thus have we given a brief sketch of the princi- 
l)al incidents in the life of Mr. Rollins, one of tiie 
early settlors of Polk County, and an honored citi- 
zen of J3es Moines. He is greatly respected by all 
who know him and justly merits the esteem of his 
friends, on account of his upright life and honor- 
able career. 


RLANDO TISDALE, wiio resides at No. 
, jjl 1009, Twenty-first Street, Des Moines, is 
^^' numbered among the early settlers of tliis 
city, and is one of its reijresentative citizens. He 
was born in Cortland County, N. Y., November 
16, 1818, whither his fatlier, Leonard Tisdale, a na- 
tive of Massachusetts, had removed when that por- 
lioii of the State was almost an unbroken wilder- 
ness. Tiie familj- is originally of Englisii origin, 
but the first American ancestors came to this coun- 
try a long time prior U> the Revolutionary AVar. 
The paternal grandfather of our suljject, .James Tis- 
dale, was a man of considerable prominence in that 
part of ]\Iassacliusetts where lie made his home. 
He served as Surve)'or and also as Justice of the 
Peace, and spent his entire life in the Bay Stale. 

Leonard Tisdale, having arrived at years of ma- 
turity, wedded Sally Hicks, a daughter of a Revo- 
lutionary soldier and with his young wife removed 
to Cortland County, where he cleared and de- 
veloped a farm, upon which they spent the remain- 
der of their days. Mr. Tisdale died in February, 
1850, but his wifesurvived him several years. Tiiey 
were parents of eight children who grew to mature 
years and of that number four are living at this 
writing in 1890 — Loring still m.akes his home in 
Cortbind County. N. Y.; Eveline, wdow of E. K. 
Spencer, is still living on the old homestead in that 
county; Orlando is the fifth in order of birth, and 

Orsamus is also in Cortland County. The oldest 
of the family was Alonzo who died many years 
ago. Minerva became the wife of Noah Ashley, 
and removed to Ontario County, N. Y., where she 
lived until her death. Almira became the wife of 
Alanson \'an A'alkenburg and spent her life in 
Cortland Count3'. Lavina, the youngest of the 
family, was twice married and for a number of 
years prior to her decease made her home near 
Fond du Lac, Wis. 

We now come to the personal history of our sub 
ject, who in his native county was reaied to the 
occupaiiou of farming, assisting his father in the 
labors of cultivating the land and attending the 
district schools of the neighborhood. It was on 
the 7th of November, 1840, that he led to the mar- 
riage altar Miss Anna, daughter of Oliver and 
Esther (Rosco) Westeott, who were early settlers 
of Essex County, N. Y., and continued their resi- 
dence in that cdinnumity until called to their final 
rest. The family is of Welsh descent, but for many 
generations has resided in this country. Mr. West- 
eott and his people were early settlers of Rliorie 
Island, while the Rdsco family were from Con- 
necticut. Mrs. TLsdale was one of eight children, 
four of whom are now living — Electa, wife of 
George P'ountiin of Ansable Forks, N. Y.; Anna, 
wife of our suliject; Leander who resides in Eliza- 
bethtown, N. Y., and Mrs. Anna Fountain, also of 
Ansable Forks. The deceased are Cyrus, who 
served his country in .a New York regiment and 
gave his life in defense of the cause; Emily, the 
eldest, who became the wife of Nathaniel Miller 
and died many years ago; IMrs. Lucia Bacheldor, 
who also died many years ago in Jasper County, 
Iowa, and C^harles, the youngest of the family, who 
as one of the boys in blue of a Vermont regiment, 
also died in the service. Oliver Westeott, tie fa- 
tlier of iMrs. Tisdale was a soldier in the War of 
1812. Her grandfather, Zeba Westeott, served in 
the Revolutionary' War. 

After their marriage Mr. Tisrlale and his wife 
began their domestic life in the town of Cortland, 
where they continued to make their home until 
their removal to the West in May. 18.')6. Tliej' 
arrived in Des Moines on the 2;Jd of that month 
and have had no occasion to regret their choice of 



a location as they have not only pi'ospcrfcl in busi- 
ness, but have formed many warm friendships in 
the years of their residence here an<l have made for 
themselves a pleasant home in wliiuli to spend tlieir 
remaining days. Mr. Tisdale had given some at- 
tention to the business of painting ere coming to 
Iowa and after locating in Des Moines, devoted his 
entire attention to that pursuit, being of the first 
to follow the trade in this city. Kor twelve years 
he and his worthy wife resided on Walnut Street, 
whence they removed to the corner of Fiftli and 
Park streets, where they lived until June, 188fi, 
when having erected a commodioun residence at 
1009 Twenty-Urst Street, they took up their abode 
in their pleasant home, where they are surrounded 
by all the comforts and many of the luxuries of 

In his early maniiood Mr. Tisdale supported the 
Whig party, casting his first Presidential ballot for 
William Hcnrj' Harrison in 1840, and since the or 
ganization of the Republican party has been iden- 
tified with that body. He and his wife are faithful 
members of the Presbyterian Church and, living in 
harmony with their professions, have won the re- 
spect and esteem of all. They have been witnesses 
of the wonderful growth of the capital city of Iowa 
from a village of a few hundred inhabitants to a 
metropolis of sixty thousand, and in many ways 
have been connected with its leading interests, 
thereby entitling them to a place in the permanent 
record of the county's history, where are repre- 
sented lier lionored pioneers and leading business 

^UCIHE CHRISTY, tlie present etUcient 
Postmaster of East Des Moines, and one 
of the representative citizens of the county, 
^/ was born in Piiiladelphia, Pa., on the 3 1st 

of Jul}', 1830, and is a son of William and Mary- 
Ann (Young) C'lirjst}-, who are mentioned more 
fully in the sketch of Willi;im Christy, the brother 
of our snliject. 

Archie Christy was reared in a pleasant home 
and amid comfortable surroundings until about 
twelve years of age, when by the death of his 

father he was thrown upon his own resources and 
left to battle alone with the world. He was bound 
out on a farm ncir his native city, where lie re- 
Tnaiiied until seventeen years of age, when disliking 
that labor he returned to Philadel[)liia, where he 
served an apprenliceshi|) to the carpenter's trade. 
His term lasted three and a half years, during 
which time he completely mastered the business in 
all its details and became an excellent workman. 
Going then to (iermantown, one of the suburbs of 
Philadelphia, he engaged in business for himself 
and soon built up an exte)isive traile. His work 
proved satisfactory in everj' particular and the 
conscientiousness with which he discharged his 
duties won the confidence of all with whom he 
came in contact. After a successful period of five 
years work in ("iermantown, be emigrated to the 
West, but previous to that time, on the oth of 
October, 1851, he was joined in wedlock with Miss 
Martha A. Crawshaw. 

In 1854, his brother Daniel had settled in Polk 
County and receiving from him such favorable de- 
scriptions of the country and hearing of the great 
demand for carpenters in that section, Mr. Christy 
there determined to try his fortune. Accompanied 
by his little family, in 1856, he made his way to 
Iowa, arriving in Des Moines when the old capital 
building was in course of erection. There were 
only two brick buildings in the city at that time 
and East Des Moines had onl}- about one hundred 
and fifty frame houses. No roads had been made 
there and the greater part of the town was covered 
with a tiiick growth of hazel brush and also con- 
siderable timber. The best hotel in the place was 
called the Walker House and was situated on the 
east side. A bridge connected the two portions of 
the city and the different churches held their meet- 
ings in a one-story schoolhouse- situated on the 
site now occupied by the State Capitol. Mr. Christy 
at once began work at his trade and as in the East 
was very successful. The greater part of the 
buildings of East Des Moines, erected before 1874, 
were constructed by him or under his supervision. 
In 1874, he was appointed mail (carrier and retired 
from the carpenter's trade. He was the first man 
who was appointed to that position after the system 
had been introtluced into Des Moines, and for nine 



years be continued to serve in that (•;ipafity. resign- 
ing to accept the position of Postmaster of Hist 
Des Moines, to which he was appointed Octoher 1, 
1882. He served until Marcli, 1886, when on ac- 
count of a. change in the administration, he resigned, 
but wlien the Republicans again came into power 
he once more obtained the office. He liad served 
the people so acceptably before that they were 
anxious for his reappointment. He entered upon 
the duties of a second term December 14,1889, 
and the same warm support has been given him 
which he at first received. No discrepancy has 
ever been found in his management of the office 
and even his political enemies acknowledge him to 
be a suitable man for the position. As will have 
been inferred, Mr. Christy is a Republican in poli- 
tics and a stanch advocate of the i)arty principles. 
He has occupied a number of positions of honor 
and trust, including that of Alderman of East Des 
Moines for three years, during which time he looked 
after the interests of the city and people with great 
c.irc and judgment. He is public-sijirited and 
progressive, is well-informed on all the leading 
issues of the day, both political and otherwise and 
manifests his interest in public affairs by the ready 
support which he gives all worthy enterprises and 
the active part he has taken in the upbuilding and 
progress of the community. His life has been one 
of industr}', a struggle against poverty and the 
trials which come to one in limited circnnistances, 
but always looking on the bright side he has worked 
with a determined will, supplemented l)y good 
business ability and has gained for himself and 
family a comfortalile competence. Both he and 
his wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Chuich, having been earnest workers in the Master's 
vineyard the greater part of their lives. Socially, 
he IS a member of the Masonic fraternity and of 
the Im|)roved Order of Red Men. He formerly 
belonged to the Independent Order f)f Odd Eellows, 
the Knights of and the American Mechan- 
ics, but as those lodges were not in existence in 
Des Moines at the time of his arrival, he severed 
his coiuicction with thciii. 

Mrs. Christy, the wife of our subject, w^as born 
in Pliilaflelphia and is a daughter of .lames and 
Henrietta (Stollwngr)n) Crawshaw, (he former a 

native of England and the latter of Philadelphia. 
Her father was a manufacturer of carpets, hair cloth 
and mats and followed that business in Pliiladeli)liia 
niitil his death, which occurred in the spring 
of 18G4. His wife died in the spring of 
1861. They were the parents of seven children, 
but only three are yet living: James R., a resident 
of East Des Moines: Daniel T., who is residing in 
Hebron. Ohio; and Martha, wife of our subject. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Christy were born nine children, 
but seven of that number have been called to the 
better land. The two living are George W., who 
resides in Colfa.v County, N. M. ; and Frank Palmer, 
who was named after the government printer. He 
makes his home with Ins parents. 


,^^HARLES W. .JOHNSTON, attorney and 
l( _ counselor-at-law, dates his residence in 
^i^ Des Moines from 1879, and his .admission 
to the bar of Polk County from 1881. He is a 
H.'iwkeye by birth. His father, H. S. .Johnston, is 
numbered among the pioneers of V^an Buren 
County, in 181!), aiitl still resides in that commu- 
nity, his home being in the town of I'tica. He 
was born and reared in the State of Indiana, where 
for many \'eais he engaged in merchandising, but 
since his residence in Iowa he has devoted himself 
exclusively to .agricnltural pursuits. The .Johnston 
family was founded in Giles Countj', Va., and was 
numbered among the early and well known families 
of that f-itate, whence the paternal grandfather of 
our subject removed to Greensburg, Ind., where he 
lived until death. 

As before stated, II. S. .lohnston was born in In- 
diana, in 1818, and when he had attained to years 
of maturity married iNIiss Brownfield, of Greens- 
burg, Ind., who died in 18r)2, and in 1850 he mar- 
ried Sarah Downard, who died at the age of 
thirty-live years, hsaving four children, two sons 
and two daughlers. Lucretia, the eldest, is the 
wife of (ieorge Miller, 'uul resides on the home- 
stead farm; Charles W.. is the second in order of 
birth; Ida l>. is the wife of .lohn Topping, a 
grain mercluuit intHiindv Center, Iowa; and Juhn 



V. is cliief liill clerk of the fi-ciglit office of the 
Chicngo, Rock Island it Paciflc Railway Company 
at Kast Des Moines. 

The subject of this skclcli was born M:M-eh 3, 
185<S, and remained under the parental roof until 
the autumn of 1876, wlien he entered the Iowa 
State Normal School in Cedar Falls, which liad just 
been opened. He was the second pupil enrolled 
at thai institution and for two years he there pur- 
sued his studies, completing the second year's 
course, after which he engaged in teaching. Com- 
ing lo Des Moines in 1879, lie became a student of 
law under Judge George G. Wright, in the office 
of Wright it Wright, and two years later was ad- 
milled lo the bar of Polk County, and in 1887 
gained admission to the Federal Court. lie is a 
j'oung man of excellent literary and legal altain- 
inents. He makes a specialty of commercial law 
and his energy and industry combined with the 
confidence imposed in his integrit}- have secured 
him a lucrative and constantly increasing practice. 
He has no outside ambitions, political or otherwise, 
but applies himself strictly to business and hopes 
to so continue. 

Mr. Johnston was married lo Miss Martha Vir- 
ginia Burton, daughter of John Burton, of Ben- 
tonsport. Van Buren County, Iowa, May 18, 1885. 
She is also a second cousin of Mrs. Thomas A. 
Hendricks and of A. C. Freeman, an eminent at- 
torney of San Francisco, C'al., who edits the -Amer- 
icau Decisions," which has been adopted as a 
standard legal work ; also works on "Judgments,'' 
"Executions," etc. 

\f] AMES GUEST BERK V HILL, a member of 
the bar of Des Moines, has passed his entire 
life in Iowa. Ho was born in Iowa Citj', 
November 5, 1852, and is a son of Charles 
"H. Berry hill, one of the honored pioneers of this 
Slate. The latter was born in llarrisburg. Pa., in 
1818, and is of English descent, the family having 
Iieen founded in America, near Philadelphia, Pa., at 
an early day by iMigllsh emigrants, ^^'hen twenty 


years of age Mr. Berr^diill emigrated to the Terri- 
tory of Iowa, settling in Johnson County, near 
Iowa City, where for many years he was engaged 
in the mercantile and real-estate business. He be- 
came one of the prominent citizens of the commu- 
nity and his death, which occurred a number of 
3'ears ago, was sincerely' mourned by those who 
knew him. 

The primary education of our subject was sup- 
plemented by a course in the collegiate department 
of the Iowa .State University", from which he was 
graduated in 1873. He then entered the law de- 
partment of the same Institution, graduating in 
1876, and the following year located in Des 
JMoines, where he at once embarked in practice. 
Not long after his arrival he formed a partnership 
with George F. Henr}-, which connection still con- 
tinues under the firm name of Berryhill & Henry. 
Tne}' do a large business, and rank high in the pro- 
fessional world. Mr. Berryhill is also interested in 
various commercial enterprises throughout the 
State, which demand considerable of his attention 
and yield him a good income. He has been hon- 
ored with several official positions, was elected to 
the General Assembly in 188.'), and re-elected in 
1887, serving two terms as a member from the 
Thirty-seventh District. He proved an able and 
efficient legislator who labored earnestl}' for the in- 
terests of the people, winning Ihe regard and con- 
fidence of all whom he represented. During his 
first term he was appointed Chairman of the Ap- 
proprialif)n Committee, one of the most important 
committees of the session. That committee did 
most excellent work and saved the State some 
|!810.000, appropriating >!612,0()O, including the 
general approi»rialion bill, where !?2,5oO,000 had 
been asked for. To the Chairman and a few other 
members of the committee, much credit is due for 
the large amount which they saved lo the State, 
while none of it was at the expense of Iowa State 
institutions. The re-election of Mr. Berryhill tes- 
tifies lo the satisfaction which his course in the 
legislative halls afforded those most interested. It 
is needless to say that his second term was marked 
by the same earnest and efficient work in behalf of 
the i)eople. He organized the legislation of rail- 
road matlcr.s dining the Twenty-second session, 

<>.■. ^^ -^ 





and porfunned effective labor in lu'luilf of llit 
farming populalion of Iowa. 

Mrs. Bcrryliill was formerly Miss N'irginia .1. 
Slagle, daughter of Christian Y. Slagle, Ksq., a 
lawyer of eminence, well known through the .State, 
l)oth .as an attorney' and for the [n'ominent part 
which he has taken i)i educational interests. He was 
President of the Iowa State Universitj* in 1877-78 
and was Regent of that institution for manj' years. 
His own education was acquired in \\'.ishington 
Universitj', of rennsyivania, of which State he 
was a native. His death oceured in 1882. 

-5 #.#. ^. 

'^ ICHARD W. BARGER, attorney and coun- 
selorat-law, has been engaged in the prac- 

\\ tice of his profession at Des Moines since 
February, 1876. He is a native of Illinois, 
his birth occurring in 1849, in DeWitt County, 
while his boyhood d.ays were spent in McLean 
Countj'. His father, the Rev. John S. IJargcr, was 
a native of A'irginia, and when a young man left 
his native State, going to Kentucky, where he 
married Miss Mary Ann Lee 15al<cr. He was a 
clergyman of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and 
was one of the iiioneer preachers of that denomi- 
nation in Illinois. He began his work in the min- 
istry in Kentucky, and on going to the Prairie 
State, became a co-worker with the famous Peter 
Cartwright. He left the .^outh on account of his 
antagonism to the institution of slavery. Though 
boi'n and reared in slave-holding States, he was ever 
opposed to holding human creatures in bondage, 
and from motives of principle became an Aboli- 
tionist of the most pronounced type. When the 
war broke out, he entered the service of the Gov- 
ernment as Chaplain of the Seventy-third Illinois 
Infantry, in which his three sons, Robert, John 
and Richard, were actively engaged in the service. 
His other son, William, was one of the boys in 
blue of the Forty-second Illinois Infantry,. The 
Rev. Mr. Barger was a I'rofessor at one time in 
McKcndree College, at lycbanon. III., and was after- 
ward Financial Agent for the Illinois Female Col- 
lege, at Jacksonville, and the ^Vesleyan liiiversity. 

at I?loomington. Elder Piarger was well known 
throughout Illinois, and was universally esleenied. 
lie died at llloomington, in 1876, in his soventy- 
(iflli 3ear, leaving behind him the record of a life 
than which a jiurer, nobler, and better Christian 
one was never lived by any man. In 1877 his wife 
died at the same place, in her .soveuty-lifth year. 
Their family nuniljered six children, five sons and 
one daughter, all of whom are living, with the ex- 
ception of the eldest, James H. Barger, wliose death 
w-as a most tragic one. He was accidentally shot 
and killed by a friend in the fall of 1861, while 
hunting upon an island of the Mississippi, just be- 
low Quincy. He received the first degree of Mas- 
ter of Arts that was ever conferred by the Illinois 
Wesleyan University, commenced preaching when 
he was eighteen years of age, and was killed in his 
thirtieth year, when he was Presiding Elder of the 
Quincy district in the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
He was one of the most eloquent preachers of his 
time. His loyalty to his country was evidenced by 
the fact of his having enlisteil the greater part of 
a regiment of volunteers. He himself was deterred 
by circumstances from going to the front, but his 
labors were none the less effective at home. 

John S., the eldest surviving son, is a teacher by 
profession, and resides at Cuba, Fulton County, 
111. William M. resides at Webster City, Iowa. 
Robert N. is a practicing physician of Hopedale, 
III., and Susan, the only daughter, is living in 
Bloomington, III. 

Richard W. Barger, our subject, is the j-oungest 
of his father's family. He was but thirteen years 
of age when he entered the service of his country 
as a drummer boy for Company K, in the Seventy- 
third Illinois Regiment. Afterward he served as a 
soldier in Company U,of the First Battalion of Cav- 
alry in the Mississippi Marine Brigade. Having 
been honorablj' discharged from the service, he 
entered the Illinois Wesleyan University, at Bloom 
ington, as a student, from which he was graduated 
with the class of '71, receiving in due course the 
degree of Master of Arts from that institution. He 
made his way through college by means of teach- 
ing. This he continued one 3'ear after graduation, 
when he entered upon the study of law at the 
Iowa State University. Sulise(|ucntly he was .ad- 



mitled to the bar at Mt. Pleasnnt, Iowa, where he 
eonimenced practice, following his profession there 
until his removal to Des Moines, in 1876. Mr. 
Barger devotes his entire attention to insurance 
law. and rei>re.sented, at various times, most, if 
not quite all. of the insurance conipanies doing 
business in Iowa. He has been connected with 
some of the most important litigations of this eliar- 
acter in the country, and his business as a lawj-er 
now extends over man}' States. 

In August, 1889, Mr. Barger had the good fort- 
une to will the heart and hand of Miss Belle F. 
Moore, of Des Moines, a lady whose culture and 
kindness have endeared her to many friends in her 
home city and elsewhere. See portrait of Mr. 
Barger on another page. 

OSES .STRAUSS, President of the State Sav- 
ings liank, and a member of the wholesale 
millinery house of Lederer, Strauss & Co., 
of Des Moines, was born in Bavaria, Ger- 
many, March 6, 1833, and is a son of Marcus and 
Leah (Simon) Strauss. He was educated in his na- 
tive country, and emigrated to America in 1848. 
landing in New Orleans. He began learning the 
cigar maker's trade in that citj', but before com- 
pleting his apprenticeship he removed to Vine ennes, 
Ind., and in 1852, sailed from New York to Aus- 
tralia. He was in business two years in Melbourne, 
and then spent some time in the mountains, after 
which he went to Africa, and thence to South 
America, returning to New York in 1857. The 
following year he came to Des Moines, where he 
eno'aged in the dry-goods and clothing business in 
company with his brother. Leopold, under the firm 
nanie of Simcn, Strauss k Co. The firm had two 
stores, and carried on an extensive business. In 
18GC Moses Strauss and Mr. Lederer formed a part- 
nership, the firm doing a wholesale business in 
millinery and notions. The gentlemen now com- 
posing the firm are Alexander Lederer, Moses 
Slraufs. Jlax Shloss and Morris Samisli. The com- 
pany occupies a four-story l)liick, Nos. 51.". and 

515 West Locust Street, with ground floor 44x132 
feet, and do an annual business of from ?i400,000 to 
$500,000. In the beginning the company denlt in 
diy goods and clothing, Init since 1872 the}' have 
done an exclusive wholesale millinery business. 

In May, 1872, Mr. Strauss became interested in 
banking, and was elected Director of the Citizen's 
National Bank. In March, 1887, in company with 
others, lie established the State Savings Bank, with 
S capital of •"i'50,000, James H. Merrill being elected 
its President, wiiile Mr. Strauss became a member 
of the ]>oar<] of Directors, but in May, 188!), he 
succeeded 'Mv. Jlerrill, and has since held the office 
of President, R. (). Green being Vice President; 
and .Joseph Genesser, Cashier. 

In August, 1807. in Philadelphia, Pa.. Mr. Strauss 
was united in marri.ige with !Miss Nanic Schloss, 
daughter of Samuel Schloss, who was born in Ba- 
varia, Germany, and came to the United States in 
1860. To this worthy couple has been born a 
family of five children, four sons and a daughter: 
Samuel, aged twenty-one j'ears; Leon, aged eight- 
een; Gertrude, aged sixteen; Oscar, aged fourteen; 
and Augustus, eleven years of .age. All were born 
in Des Moines, and are still at home with their 
parents. Mr. Strauss and familj^ are members of 
the Jewish Church, and in politics he is a Demo- 
crat. A Hoj-al Arch Mason, he belongs to Pioneer 
Lodge, No. 22, A. F. & A. M., and Corinthian 
Chapter, No. 14, R. A. M. Successful in business, 
enterprising and public-spirited, he has borne a 
prominent part in the commercial and financial 
history of Des Moines, and is justly held in high 
esteem by his fellow-cntizcns who lia\c known iiiin 
these many years. 

i|,SAAC P. BRUBAKER, M. 1)., allliough one of 
the younger members of the medical fiaternity 
of Polk County, is rajjidly gaining the front 
rank among his professional brethren. His parents, 
Michael and Catherine (Probst) Brubaker, were 
both born in Somerset County, Pa., the father born 
January 12. 1807, of German i)arcntage; while the 
mother, wlm w;is born March 24. 1812, is of French, 



Scotch aiul German descent. By trade Mic-liacl 
Pirubaker was a blacksmith and carriage-maker, and 
for many years ran a shop in Stoyeslown. lie was 
not a man that took an active part in politics, 
thonijh he always kept himself well informed con- 
cerning political questions, and was a stanch advo- 
vucate of Whig and afterward of Republican 
principles. He died in 1887, a consistent member 
of the Keform Church. His wife, who is still liv- 
ing, is a member of the Lutheran Church. They 
were the parents of twelve children, of whom four, 
two sons and two daughters, are yet living. 

The Doctor is the youngest of the family. He 
W!is born on the 30th of September, 18.51, in Som- 
erset Counti'. Pa., and received his rudimentary 
education in the schools of his native village, after 
which he attended the Pittsburg High School and 
the Normal Schools held in that county. He was 
only seventeen years of age when he began teach- 
ing. In 1871 he entered Franklin and ^Marshall 
College, at Lancaster, Pa., graduating with honor 
from the classical course of that institution in 
1876. after which he taught for a year in the gram- 
mar school of Johnstovvn, Pa., the jjlace with which 
the whole country became familiar on account of 
the disastrous tiood which swept away the town in 
1889. Not content with teaching as a life work, 
Mr. Brubaker determined to engage in the prac- 
tice of medicine, and took a course of reading in 
that science with Dr. W. B. Lawman, Surgeon for 
the Cnmby Iron Company, until his means were 
exhausted, when he was forced to resume teaching 
ill order to replenish his exchequer. In the au- 
tumn of 1877 he taught in a Normal school in Ber- 
lin, Pa., then going to his native town entered the 
olliceof Dr. R. H. Patterson, with whoni he remained 
for some time. In 1878 he took chai'ge of an 
academy at Grantsville, Md., and the following 
year entered Jefferson Medical College of Phila- 
delphia, from which he was graduated in March, 
1881, and supplemented the knowledge thei'e gained 
Ity the pursual of a select course during the spring 
of that year. In the following August he located 
in Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, where he [iracticed until 
December, 1882, when he came to Des Moines, and 
shortly afterward formed a partnership with an old 
college friend. Dr. II. C. Eschach, which connectinn 

continued until 1880. His practice is general, al- 
though he gives special attention to nervous dis- 
eases, and he is now reaping the rewards of a 
liberal patronage. 

On the 2'2d of June, 1887, Dr. Brubaker was 
united in marriage with Miss Jennie Santel, who 
was born near Wilkesbarre, Pa., but their marriage 
bliss was brief, the wife dying on the 2d of Jan- 
uary, 1888. The Doctor is a member of the I'olk 
County Medical Society, and the State Medical 
Society. By persistent and well-directed efforts he 
has gained rank among the leading physicians of 
Dcs Moines, and has a well deserved reputation. 


'■' "4 * I * H '' S * (A' * * " 

,41 I^ALTKR GARDENER REED, wholesale 
\/iJ// ''*''^'^''' '" le>itlier, saddlery, hardware, and 
W^ shoe findings, is engaged in business at No., 
313, West Walnut Street, Des Moines. He was 
born in Massillon, Stark County, Ohio, on the 2d 
of December. 1837, and is a son of Walter A. and 
Eleanor Sarah (Wright) Reed. He was educated 
in his native town under the iireceptorship of Prof. 
Harve}', the well-known author and publisher of 
school text books. When nineteen years of age, 
Walter came to Des Moines, reaching tiiis cit}' in 
April, 1857, and has here raiide his home continu- 
ousl.v since. His first business venture after his 
arrival was as an employe in the wholesale and re- 
tail grocery house of J. M. Laird ik Co., of which 
his father was a partnei-. In 1860 he engaged in 
business with his father in a small way, they deal- 
ing in leather, s.addlery, hardware and shoe find- 
ings. Theirs was the first house in Des Moines to 
handle saddlery hardware. The firm w,as known 
as W. A. Reed &. Son, ;uid the connection was con- 
tinued for a period of twenty-five years with per- 
fect harmony and marked success. Starting in a 
small wa}-, their business steadily increased with 
the exception of a short interval, when, through no 
fault of the original partners, the affairs of the 
house became somewhat demoralized. At th.-it 
state of affairs, W. (!. Reed assumed the manage- 
ment and soon restored the business to a healthy 
and i>r(isiierous condition, since wliicli time il has 



steadily grown in extent and inii)orlaiice. In 1883 
Mr. Reed, Sr., fell a victim to a stroke of [laralysis, 
wliieli incapacitated liim for active business, after 
wliicli he assigned liis entire inttrest to his son, 
the present proprietor. 

On the 1st of November, 186G, in Des Moines, 
Walter G. Reed led to the marriage altar Miss 
Jlaggic Wharton, a tiaughter of Oeorge Wharton, 
of Cadiz, Ohio. Mrs. Heed die() on the Gth of 
January, 1870, leaving two children, a son and a 
daughter. The former, who was born in Des 
Moines, October y, 1867, is employed in his father's 
store as a book-keeper and salesman. The latter, 
Louise Hood, was also boru in Des Moines, on the 
25th of August, 18C9. Mr. Reed was again mar- 
ried, in Cliicago, 111., April I'i, 1880, wlien he 
wedded Miss Pattie Bennett, a native of Cadiz, 
Ohio, and a .laughter of R. J. Bennett. Their 
union has been blessed with one child, a daughter, 
Martha M., born May 10, 1886. Mrs. Reed is a 
member of St. Paul's Episcopal Church, of this 
city. In political sentiment Mr. Reed is a Re- 
publican, but has never sought or desired pub- 
lic otHce, preferring to devote his energies to the 
care of his private affairs. He has built up a large 
and prosperous business, and during the long terra 
of years in which he has been known as an im- 
portant factor in tlie business circles of Des 
Moines, he. has won and holds tiie confidence and 
esteem of his fellow-citizens. 

fpLFRED WIXGATIv Eminent Grand Re- 
corder of the Grand Coniraandery, K. T., 

and Grand Secretary of the Grand Chap- 
ter, R. A. M., is one of the most promi- 
nent Masons of Iowa. His office is situated in the 
Masonic Temple, at Des Moines, wliich city has 
been his home for some time. He was born near 
Montreal, Canada, September 15, 1839, and is the 
son of Asa S. and Charity (Willsie) Wingate. His 
parents were natives of New Hampshire and botii 
■were descended from old Nevv England families of 
Scotch origin. 

The sul)joct of this sketch spent iiis earl\' years 

in his native country. It was not until he was a 
lad of fifteen years that he became a resident of 
the United States. In 1851 his parents removed 
to Clinton County, N. V., where he attended school 
during the succeeding three terms. The year 1857 
witnessed his arrival in Iowa, the faniil}' settling 
on a farm in Winnesheik County, where the}' were 
numbered among the early settlers. For several 
years Alfred was employed as a mereliant's clerk at 
McGregor, and was then engaged in the tobacco 
business for two years, when his stock was de- 
stroj'ed by fire. He tiien entered the eaiploj' of 
the Merchants' Union and the American Express 
Companies, and served as local agent at McGregor 
until 1869, when he went to Mason City to accept 
the position as cashier in a private bank. A year 
elapsed, and he then went to Winnesheik Count}', 
where another twelve months were passed. He was 
next employed in Fremont County in the service 
of the Burlington A- ^Missouri River Railroad Com- 
panj', after which he worked for the Chicago, IJur- 
lington & (Juincy Railroad Company at various 
points from 1871 until 1880, when he came to Des 
Moines as general agent of that company, in which 
capacity he served until September, 1887, when 
he resigned to acce[)t the |)Dsition he now holds 
with the Grand bodies of the JNIusonic order. 

Mr. Wingate was married in McGregor, Iowa, 
on the 23d of October, 1865. to Miss .losephinc 
Biffel, daughter of Peter Biffel, and a native of Ot- 
tawa, 111. Four children were born of their union, 
a son and three daughters — Florence A., Allie Grace, 
Clara Blanche and Harry Alfred. 

Mr. Wingate is a Repidilican in politics, but has 
never cared to accept political ollicial positions. 
He takes a great interest in civic societies, especi- 

I all}- in the Masonic fraternity. He is a member of 
Capital City Lodge, No. 110, A. F. ii A. M.; Cor- 
inthian Chapter, No. 14, R. A. M.; and Temple 
Commaiidery, No. 4, K. T. lie also belongs to 

! Cai)ital City Lodge, No. 14, A. O. U. W. He has 

1 taken an active interest in masonry for man}' years, 
has an extensive acquaintance in the order through- 
out the State and discharged the cluties of the 
oHices he holds with ability and fidelity. His long 

I service with the Chicago, l$urlinglon it (Juincy 
l{ailroa<l Company, ct)vering a period of sixteen 

'•%•?"' ^,^r*ft~ 



years, in tlic rcsi)onsil>le position of local agent, 
testifies in no uncertain manner as to Ids executive 
al)ility, integrity and iiii>li standing in tlie estima- 
tion of llie management of tliat im|)orlant eor|iora- 

ON. THOMAS E. HAIXES, a prominent 
* citizen and leading business man of Alloona, 

is widel}' known througliout Central Iowa. 

In many ways he has been identified with 
the interests of Polk County, and has never failed 
in his support to all worthy enter[)rises calculated 
for llic advancement of the people's interests. He 
wa.« born in Carroll County, Ohio, on the 21st of 
•lanuary, 1831, and is of English and (ierman lin- 
eage. The family to which he belongs numbered 
ten children, he being the youngest of the four 
sons. The parents were Joseph and Hannah (Shri- 
vers) Haines, both natives of Frederick County, 
Bid. The father was born in 1799, and when a 
youth emigrated to Pennsylvania, where he spent 
his boyhood days ami received his early training 
in the common schools. When a yoirig man he 
removed to Carroll County, Ohio, where his mar- 
riage took place. He then began life in earnest, 
turning his attention to agricultural pursuits. He 
purchased one hundred and fifteen acres of land 
near Minerva and there led a quiet, yet useful life 
until 1849, when he was called to his final rest. His 
wife, who was born in the year 1803, and for more 
than a quarter of a century went hand in hand 
with him, sharing equally his joys and sorrows, his 
adversity and prosperity, died in Carroll County, 
Ohio, in 1874. She was a devoted Christia