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(BEO_RBE l^A^Bl.NB'l'D?^, 

I HE Father of our Country was 
I born m Westmorland Co., Va., 

t" Feb 2 2, 1732. His parents 
weie Augustine and Mary 
1^ (P. ill) Washington. The family 
to which he belonged has not 
' been satisfactorily traced in 
England. His great-grand- 
father, John Washington, em- 
igrated to Virginia about 1657, 
and became a prosperous 
* planter. He had two sons, 
Lawrence and John. The 
former married Mildred Warner 
and had three children, John, 
Augustine and Mildred. Augus- 
tine, the father of (ieorge, first 
married Jane Butler, who bore 
him four children, two of whom, 
Lawrence and Augustine, reached 
maturity. Of six children by his 
second marriage, George was the 
eldest, the others being Betty, 
Samuel, John Augustine, Charles 
and Mildred. 
Augustine Washington, the father of George, died 
in 1743, leaving a large landed property. To his 
sldest son, Lawrence, he bequeathed an estate on 
the Patomac, afterwards known as Mount Vernon, 
and to George he left the parental residence. George 
received only such education as the neighborhood 
schools afforded, save for a short time after he left 
school, when he received private instruction in 
raathemat'cs. His sDcUinsi was rather defectiv«. 


Remarkable stories are told of his great ))hysica; 
strength and development at an early age. He wa.-j 
an acknowledged leader among his companions, and 
was early noted for that nobleness of character, fair- 
ness and veracity which characterized his whole life. 

When George was i4years old he had a desire to go to 
sea, and a midshipman's warrant was secured for him, 
but through the opposition of his mother the idea was 
abandoned. Two years later he was appointed 
surveyor to the immense estate of Lord Fairfax. In 
this business he spent three years in a rough frontier 
life, gaining experience which afterwards proved very 
essential to him. In 175 i, though only 19 years of 
age, he was ai)pointed adjutant with the rank of 
major in the Virginia militia, then being trained for 
active service against the French and Indians. Soon 
after this he sailed to the West Indies with his brother 
Lawrence, who went there to restore his health. They 
soon returned, and in the summer of 1752 Lawrence 
died, leaving a large fortune to an infant daughter 
who did not long survive him. On her demise Oie 
estate of Mount Vernon was given to George. 

Upon the arrival of Robert Dinwiddle, as Lieuten- 
ant-Governor of Virginia, in 1752, the militia wag 
reorganized, and the province divided into four mili- 
tary districts, of which the northern was assigned to 
Washington as adjutant general. Shortly after this 
a very perilous mission was assigned him and ac- 
cepted, which others had refused. This was to pro- 
ceed to the French post near Lake Erie in North- 
western Pennsylvania. The distance to be traversed 
was between 500 and 600 miles. Winter was at hand, 
and the journey was to he made without military 
escort, through a territory occupied by Indians. The 


irip was a perilous one, and several limes he came near 
losuig his life, yet he returned in safety and furnished 
a full and useful report of his expedition. A regiment 
of 300 men was raised in Virginia and put in com- 
mand of Col. Joshua Fry, and Major Washington was 
commissioned lieutenant-colonel. Active war was 
then begun against the French and Indians, in which 
Washington took a most important part. In the 
memorable event of July 9, 1755, known as Brad- 
dock's defeat, Washington was almost the only officer 
of distinction who escaped from the calamities of the 
day with life and honor. The other aids of Braddock 
were disabled early in the action, and Washington 
alone was left in that capacity on the field. In a letter 
to his brother he says : " I had four bullets through 
my coat, and two horses shot under me, yet I escaped 
unhurt, though death was levelino my companions 
on every side." An Indian sharpshooter said he was 
not born to be killed by a bullet, for he had taken 
direct aim at him seventeen times, and failed to hit 

.\fter having been five years in the military service, 
and vainly sought promotion in the royal army, he 
look advantage of the fall of Fort Daquesne and the 
expulsion of the French from the valley of the Ohio, 
10 resign his commission. Soon after he entered the 
Legislature, where, although not a leader, he took an 
active and important part. January 17, 1759, he 
married Mrs. Martha (Dandridge) Custis, the wealthy 
widow of John Parke Custis. 

When the British Parliament had closed the port 
of Boston, the cry went up throughout the provinces 
that "The cause of Boston is the cause of us all." 
It was then, at the suggestion of Virginia, that a Con- 
gress of all the colonies was called to meet at Phila- 
del[)hia,Sept. 5, 1774, to secure their common liberties, 
peaceably if possible. To this Congress Col. Wash- 
ington was sent as a delegate. On May 10, 1775, the 
Congress re-assembled, when the hostile intentions of 
England were plainly apparent. The battles of Con- 
cord and Lexington had been fought. Among the 
first acts of this Congress was the election of a com- 
mander-in-chief of tlie colonial forces. This high and 
responsible office was conferred upon Washington, 
who was still a memberof the Congress. He accepted 
it on June T9, but upon the express condition that he 
receive no salary. He would keep an exact account 
of expenses and expect Congress lo pay them and 
nothing move. It is not the object of this sketch to 
trace the military acts of Washington, to whom the 
fortunes and liberties of the people of this country 
were so long confided. The war was conducted by 
him under every possible disadvantage, and while his 
forces often met with reverses, yet he overcame every 
o!)stacle, and after seven years of heroic devotion 
and matchless skill he gained liberty for the greatest 
nation of earth. On Dec. 23, 17S3, Washington, in 
a parting address of surpassing beauty, resigned his 

commission as commander-in-chief of the army to 
to the Continental Congress sitting at Annapolis. He 
retired immediately to Mount Vernon and resumed 
his occupation as a farmer and planter, shunning all 
connection with public life. 

In February, 1 7 89, Washington was unanimously 
elected President. In his presidential career he was 
subject to the peculiar trials incidental to a new 
government ; trials from lack of confidence on the part 
of other governments ; trials from want of harmony 
between the different sections of our own country; 
trials from the impoverished condition of the country, 
owmgto the war and want of credit; trials from the 
beginnings of party strife. He was no partisan. His 
clear judgment could discern the golden mean ; and 
while perhaps this alone kept our government from 
sinking at the very outset, it left him exposed to 
attacks from both sides, which were often bitter and 
very annoying. 

At the expiration of his first term he was unani- 
mously re-elected. At the end of this temi many 
were anxious that he be re-elected, but he absolutely 
refused a third nominadon. On the fourth of March, 
1797, at the expiraton of his second term as Presi- 
dent, he returned to his home, hoping to pass there 
his few remaining years free from the annoyances of 
public life. Later in the year, however, his repose 
seemed likely to be interrupted by war with France. 
At the prospect of such a war he was again urged to 
take command of the armies. He chose his sub- 
ordinate officers and left to them the charge of mat- 
ters in the field, which he superintended from his 
home. In accepting the command he made the 
reservarion that he was not to be in the field until 
it was necessary. In the midst of these preparations 
his life was suddenly cut off. December 12, he took 
a severe cold from a ride in the rain, which, settling 
in his throat, produced inflammation, and terminated 
fatally on the night of the fourteenth. On the eigh- 
teenth his body was borne wiih military honors to its 
final resting place, and interred in the family vault at 
Mount Vernon. 

Of the character of Washington it is impossible to 
speak but in terms of the highest respect and ad- 
miration. The more we see of the operations of 
our government, and the more deeply we feel the 
difficulty of uniting all opinions in a common interest, 
the more highly we must estimate the force of his tal- 
ent and character, which have be^^n able to challenge 
the reverence of all parties, and principles, and na- 
tions, and to win a fame as extended as the limits 
of the globe, and which we cannot but believe will 
be as lasting as the existence of man. 

The person of Washington was unusally tan, erect 
and well proportioned. His muscular strength was 
great. His features were of a beautiful symmetry. 
He commanded respect without any appearance of 
haughtiness, and ever serious without t^fii-ig dull. 



" -^-e- 


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Madison and Hamilton Counties, 


loiiiainiiig liographical ikciches of Iroiriineiit 

■■■ H N D ~ 

^occtber witb Bioorapbice an^ portraits of all tbe 

Presidents of= the United Stt^tes 





HE greatest of English liistoriaiis, Macaulat, and one of the most brilliant writers of 
the present eeutury, has said: "The history of a country is best told in a record of the 
lives of its people." In conformity with this idea the PoirniAiT and Biogkapiiicai. 
RccjORD Qf ti^is county has ':acn prepared. Instead of going to musty records, and 
taking therefrom dry statistical matter that can be appieeiatcd by but few, oui 
corps of writers have gone to the people, l!ie men and women who have, bj^ their 
enterprise and industry, brought the county to rank second to none among those 
comprising this great and noble State, and from their lips have the story of their life 
struggles. No more interesting or instructive matter could be presented to an intelli- 
gent public. In this volume will be found a record of many whose lives are worthy the 
imitation of coming generations. It tells how some, commencing life in poverty, by 
indujstry and economy have accumulated wealth. It tells how others, with limited 
advantages for securing an education, have become learned men and women, with an 
influence extending throughout the length and breadth of the land. It tells of men who 
have risen from the lower walks of life to eminence as statesmen, and whose names have 
become famous. It tells of those in every walk in life who have striven to succeed, and 
records how that success has usually crowned their efforts. It tells also of manj', very 
many, who, not seeking the applause of the world, have pursued "the even tenor of their way," content 
to have it said of tfiem as Christ said of the woman performing a deed of mere}- — "they have done what 
thej^ could." It tells how that many in the pride and strength of young manhood left the plow and the 
anvil, the lawyer's office and the counting-room, left every trade and profession, and at their country's 
call went forth valiantly "to do or die," and how through their efforts the Union was restored and peace 
once more reigned in the land. In the life of every man and of every woman is a lesson tliat should not 
be lost upon those who follow after. 

Coming generations will appi'eciate this volume and preserve it as a sacred treasure, from the fact 
tliat it contains so much that would never find its way into i)ublic records, and which would otherwise be 
inaccessible. Great care has been taken in the comjjilation of the work and every opportunity possible 
given to those represented to insure correctness iu what has been written, and the puljlishers Hatter them- 
selves that they give to their readers a work with few errors of consequence. In addition to the biograpb 
ical sketches, portraits of a number of representative citizens are given. 

The faces of some, and biographical sketches of many, will be missed in tliis volume. For tliis the 
publishers are not to blame. Not having a proper conception of the work, some refused to give the 
information necessary to compile a sketch, while others were indifferent. Occasionally some member of 
the family would oppose the enterprise, and on account of such opposition the support of the interested 
one would be withheld. In a few instances men could never be found, though repeated calls were made 
at their residence or place of business. 

December, 1893. 1>io<:kaimiicai. Pi;i!i.isiii.\-ii Co. 


F^32.M2 P8 Date 3/10/80 





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)IIM ADAMS, the second 
I'lL-iident and the first Vice- 
" resident of the United States, 
J \\ i-i born in Braintree (now 
— '' (_)uincy ),Mass., and about ten 
lui'iLS from Boston, Oct. 19, 
1735. His great-grandfather, Henry 
Adams, emigrated from England 
about 1 640, with a family of eight 
sons, and settled at Braintree. The 
parents of John were John and 
Susannah (Boylston) Adams, His 
father was a farmer of limited 
means, to which he added the bus- 
iness of shoemaking. He gave his 
eldest son, John, a classical educa- 
tion at Harvard College. John 
graduated in 1755, and at once took charge of the 
school in Worcester, Mass. This he found but a 
■'sciiool of affliction," from which he endeavored to 
gain relief by devoting himself, in addition, to the 
study of law. For this purfxise he placed himself 
under the tuition of the only lawyer in the town. He 
had thought seriously of the clerical profession 
but seems to have been turned from this by what he 
termed "the frightful engines of ecclesiastical coun- 
jils, of diabolical malice, and Calvanistic good nature," 
of tb.e operations of which he had been a witness in 
his native town. He was well fitted for the legal 
profession, possessing a clear, sonorous voice, being 
ready and fluent of speech, and having quick percep- 
live jxjwers. He gradually gained practice, and in 
1764 married Abigail Smith, a daughter of a minister, 
and a lady of superior intelligence. Shortly after his 
marriage, ([/('•s), tlie attempt of Parliamentai^ taxa- 
tion turned him from law to poHtics. He took initial 
Steps toward holdin^ i town meeting, and the resolu- 

tions he offered on the subject became ver)- jiopulai 
throughout the Province, and were adopted word for 
word by over forty different towns. He moved to Bos- 
ton in 1768, and became one of the most courageous 
and prominent advocatesof the popular cause, and 
was chosen a member of the General Court (the 
lislaturc) in 1770. 

Mr. Adams was chosen one of the first delegates 
from Massachusetts -to the first Continental Congress, 
which met in 1774. Here he distinguished himsell 
by his capacity for business and for debate, and ad- 
vocated tlie movement for indeyjendence against thi' 
majority of the members. In May, 1776, he moved 
and carried a resolution in Congress that the Colonies 
should assume the duties of self-government. He. 
was a prominent member -of the committee of live 
appointed June 11, to prepare a declaration of inde- 
pendence. This article was drawn by Jefferson, but 
on Adams devolved the task of battling it through 
Congress in a three days debate. 

On the day after the Declaration of Independence 
was passed, while his sou! was yet warm with thi 
glow of excited feeling, he wrote a letter to his wife 
which, as we read it now, seems to have been dictated 
by the spirit of prophecy. " Yesterday," he says, "the 
greatest (question was decided that ever was debated 
in America; and greater, jierhaps, never was or wil 
be decided among men. A resolution was passed 
without one dissenting colony, ' that these United 
States are, and of right ought to be, free and inde- 
pendent states. ' The day is passed. The fourth o( 
July, 1776, will be a memorable epoch in the history 
of America. I am apt to believe it will be celebrated 
by succeeding generations, as the great anniversary 
festival. It ought to be commemorated as the day of 
deliverance by solemn acts of devotion to .Mmighty 
Ciod. It ought to be solemnized with iK)mp, sliows 


games, sjxsrts, guns, bells, bonfires, and illuminations 
from one end of the continent to the other, from this 
time forward for ever. You will think me transported 
with enthusiasm, but I am not. I am well aware of 
tiie toil, and blood and treasure, that it will cost to 
maintain this declaration, and support and defend 
these States; yet, through all the gloom, I can see the 
rays of light and glory. I can see that the end is 
worth more than all the means; and that posterity 
will triumph, although you and I may rue, which I 
hope we shall not." 

In November, 1777, Mr. Adams was appointed a 
deiegate to France and to co-operate with Bemjamin 
Franklin and Arthur Lee, who were then in Paris, in 
the endeavor to obtain assistance in arms and money 
from tlie French Government. This was a severe trial 
to his patriotism, as it separated him from his home, 
compelled him to cross the ocean in winter, and ex- 
posed him to great peril of capture by the British cruis- 
ers, who were seeking him. He left France June 17, 
1779. In September of the same year he was again 
chosen to go to Paris, and there hold himself in readi- 
ness to negotiate a treaty of peace and of commerce 
with Great Britian, as soon as the British Cabinet 
might be found willing to listen to such pvoposels. He 
sailed for France in November, from there he went to 
Holland, where he negotiated imix)rtant loans and 
formed important commercial treaties. 

Finally a treaty of peace with England was signed 
Jan. 21, 1783. The re-action from the excitement, 
toil and anxiety through which Mr. Adams had passed 
threw him into a fever. After suffering from a con- 
tinued fever and becoming feeble and emaciated he 
was advised to go to England to drink the waters of 
Bath, ^\'hilein England, still drooping anddespond- 
ing, he received dispatches from his own government 
urging the necessity of his going to Amsterdam to 
negotiate another loan. It was winter, his health was 
delicate, yet he immediately set out, and through 
storm, on sea, on horseback and foot,he made the trip. 

February 24, 1785, Congress appointed Mr. Adams 
envoy to the Court of St. James. Here he met face 
to face the King of England, who had so long re- 
garded him as a traitor. As England did not 
condescend to apjxjint a minister to the United 
States, and as Mr. .\dams felt that he was accom- 
plishing but little, he sought permission to return to 
.nis own country, where he arrived in June, t788. 

When Washington was first chosen President, John 
Adams, rendered illustiious by his signal services at 
home and, was chosen Vice President, .\gain 
at the second election of Washington as President, 
Adams was chosen Vice President. In 1796, Wash- 
ington retired from public life, and Mr. Adams was 
elected President,though not without much opposition. 
Serving in this office four years, he was succeeded by 
Mr. Jefferson, his opponent in politics. 

TVTiile Mr. Adams was Vice President the great 

French Revolution shook the continent of Eurojie, 
and it was upon this point which he was at issue wuh 
the majority of his countrymen led by Mr. Jeflerson. 
Mr. Adams felt no sympathy with the French people 
in their struggle, for he had no confidence in their 
power of self-government, and he utterly abhored the 
class of atheist philosophers who he claimed caused it. 
On the otiier hand Jefferson's sympathies were strongly 
enlisted in behalf of the French people. Hence or- 
iginated the alienation between these distinguished 
men, and two powerful parties were thus soon organ- 
ized, Adams at the head of the one whose sympathies 
were with England and Jefferson led the other in 
sympathy with France. 

The world has seldom seen a spectacle of more 
moral beauty and grandeur, than was presented by the 
old age of Mr. Adams. The violence of party feeling 
had died away, and he had begun to receive that just 
appreciation which, to most men, is not accorded till 
after death. No one could look upon his veneralile 
form, and think of what he had done and suffered, 
and how he had given up all the prime and strength 
of his life to the public good, without the deepest 
emotion of gratitude and respect. It was his peculiar 
good fortune to witness the complete success of the 
institution which he had been so active in creating and 
supjx)rting. In 1824, his cup of happiness was filled 
to the brim, by seeing his son elevated to the highest 
station in the gift of the people. 

The fourth of July, 1826, which completed the half 
century since the signing of the Declararion of Inde- 
pendence, arrived, and there were but three of the 
signers of that immortal instrument left upon the 
earth to hail its morning light. And, as it is 
well known, on that day two of these finished theii 
earthly pilgrimage, a coincidence so remarkable as 
to seem miraculous. For a few days before Mr. 
Adams had been rapidly failing, and on the morning 
of the fourth he found himself too weak to rise from 
his b'ed. On being requested to name a toast for the 
customary celebration of the day, he exclaimed " In- 
dependence FOREVER." When the day was ushered 
in, by the ringing of bells and the firing of cannons, 
he was asked by one of his attendants if he knew 
what day it was? He replied, "O yes; it is the glor- 
ious fourth of July — God bless it — God bless you all." 
In the course of the day he said, " It is a great and 
glorious day." The last words he uttered were. 
"Jefferson survives." But he had, at one o'clock, re- 
signed his spiiit into the hands of his God. 

The personal appearance and manners of Mr. 
Adams were not particidarly prepossessing. His face, 
as his portrait manifests.was intellectTial ard expres 
sive, but his figure was low and ungraceful, and h'>v 
manners were frequently abrupt and uncourteous. 
He had neither the lofty dignity of Washington, nor 
the engaging elegance and gracefulness which marked 
the manners and address of Jefferson, 








\, HOMAS IEFF?:RS0N was 
^ 1 ( 111 Xpril 2, 1743, at Shad- 
' «l11, Albeimarle county, Va. 
/ lli^paicnts were Peter and 
J I ic ( Randolph) Jefferson, 
tlu former a native of Wales, 
and the Utter born in Lon- 
don To them were born six 
daughters and two sons, of 
whom Thomas was the elder. 
When 14 years of age his 
father died. He received a 
most liberal education, hav- 
ing been kept diligently at sciiool 
from the time he was five years of 
age. In 1760 he entered William 
end Mary College. Williamsburg was then the seat 
of the Colonial Court, and it was the obodeof fashion 
and splendor. Young Jefferson, who was then 17 
years old, lived somewhat expensively, keeping fine 
horses, and much caressed by gay society, yet he 
was earnestly devoted to his studies, and irreproacha- 
able in his morals. It is strange, however, under 
such influenceSjthat he was not ruined. In the sec- 
ond year of his college course, moved by some un- 
explained inward impulse, he discarded his horses, 
society, and even his favorite violin, to which he iiad 
previously given much time. He often devoted fifteen 
hours a day to haid study, allowing himself for ex- 
ercise only a run in tlie evening twilight of a mile out 
of the city and back again. He thus attained very 
higl) intellectual culture, alike excellence in philoso- 
phy and the languages. The most difficult Latin and 
Greek authors he read with facility. A more finished 
scholar has seldom gone forth from college halls ; and 

there was not to be found, perhaps, in all Virginia, a 
more pureminded, upright, gentlemanly young man. 

Immediately upon leaving college he began the 
study of law. For the short time he continued in the 
practice of his profession he rose rapidly and distin- 
guished himself by his energy and accuteness as a 
lawyer. But the times called for greater action. 
Tiie policy of Fnglaiid had awakened the spirit of 
resistance of the American Colonies, and the enlarged 
views which Jefferson had ever entertained, soon led 
him into active political life. In 1769 he was chosen 
a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses !n 
1772 he married Mrs. Martha Skelton, a very oeauti- 
ful, wealthy and highly accomplished young widow 
Upon Mr. Jefferson's large estate at Shadwell, th^re 
was a majestic swell of land, called Monticcllo, which 
commanded a prospect of wonderful extent and 

j beauty. This spot Mr. Jefferson selected for his new 
home; and here he reared a mansion of modest ye* 
elegant architecture, which, next to Mount Vernon 

j became the most distinguished resort in our hind. 
In 1775 'i*-" was sent to the Colonial Congress. 

i where, though a silent memlier, his abilities as a 
writer and a reasoner soon become known, and he 
was placed ui»n a number of imiwrtant committees, 
and was chairman of the one appointed for the draw- 
ing up of a declaration of independence. This com- 
mittee consisted of Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, 
Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman and Robert R. 
Livingston. Jefferson, as chairman, was apiwiiiled 
to draw up the paper. I'Vanklin and Adams suggested 
a few verbal changes before it was submitted to Con- 
gress. On June 28, a few slight changes were made 
in it by Congress, and it was passed and signed July 
4, 1776, What must have been the of that 



man — -what the emotions that swelled his breast — 
who was charged with the preparation of that Dec- 
laration, which, while it made known the wrongs of 
America, was also to publish her to the world, free, 
boverign and independent. It is one of the most re- 
markable papers ever written ; and did no other effort 
of the mind of its author exist, that alone would be 
sufficient to stamp his name with immortality. 

In 1779 iVIr. Jefferson was elected successor to 
Patrick Henry, as Governor of Virginia, At one time 
the British officer, Tarleton, sent a secret expedition to 
Moniicello, to capture the Governor. Scarcely five 
minutes elapsed after the hurried escape of Mr. Jef- 
ferson and his family, ere his mansion was in posses- 
sion of the British troops. His wife's health, never 
very good, was much injured by this excitement, and 
in the summer of 1782 she died. 

Mr. Jefferson was elected to Congress in 1783. 
Two yeirs later he was appointed Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to France. Returning to the United States 
in September, 1789, he became Secretary of State 
in Washington's cabinet. This position he resigned 
Jan. I, 1794. In 1797, he was chosen Vice Presi- 
dent, and four years later was elected President over 
Mr. Adams, with Aaron Burr as Vice President. In 
1804 he was re-elected with wonderful unanimity, 
and George Clinton, Vice President. 

The early part of Mr. Jefferson's second adminstra- 
tion was disturbed by an event which threatened the 
tranquihty and peace of the Union; this was the con- 
spiracy of Aaron Burr. Defeated in the late election 
to the Vice Presidency, and led on by an unprincipled 
ambition, this extraordinary man formed the plan of a 
military expedition into the Spanish territories on our 
southwestern frontier, for the purpose of forming there 
a new republic. This has been generally supposed 
was a mere pretext ; and although it has not been 
generally known what his real plans were, there is no 
doubt that they were of a far more dangerous 

In 1809, at the expiration of the second term for 
which Mr. Jefferson had been elected, he determined 
to retire from political life. For a period of nearly 
forty years, he had been continually before the pub- 
lic, and all that time had been employed in offices of 
the greatest trust and responsibility. Having thus de- 
voted the best part of his life to the service of his 
country, he now felt desirous of that rest which his 
declining years required, and upon the organization of 
the new administration, in March, 1809, he bid fare- 
well forever to public life, and retired to Monticello. 

Mr. Jefferson was profuse in his hospitality. Whole 
families came in their coaches with their horses, — 
fathers and mothers, boys and girls, babies and 
nurses, — and remained three and even six months. 
Life at Monticello, for years, resembled that at a 
fasliionable watering-place. 

The fourth of July, 1826, being the fiftieth anniver- . 

sary of the Declaration of American Independence, 
great preparations were made in every part of tht 
Union for its celebration, as the nation's jubilee, and 
the citizens of Washington, to add to the solemnity 
of the occasion, invited Mr. Jefferson, as the framer. 
and one of the few surviving signers of the Declara- 
tion, to participate in their testivities. But an ill- 
ness, which had been of several weeks duration, and 
had been continually increasing, compelled him to 
decline the invitation. 

On the second of July, the disease under wliich 
he was laboring left him, but in such a reduced 
state that his medical attendants, entertained nc 
hope of his recovery. From this time he was perfectly 
sensible that his last hour was at hand. On the nex'. 
diiy, which was Monday, he asked of those around 
him, the day of the month, and on being told it was 
the third of July, he expresied the earnest wish tha; 
he might be permitted to breathe the air of the fiftieth 
anniversary. His prayer was heard — that day, whose 
dawn was hailed with such rapture through our land, 
burst upon his eyes, and then they were closed for- 
ever. And what a noble consummation of a noble 
life ! To die on that day, — the birthday of a nation,- - 
the day which his own name and his own act had 
rendered glorious; to die amidst tiie rejoicings and 
festivities of a whole nation, who looked up to him, 
as the author, under God, of their greatest blessings, 
was all that was wanting to fill up the record his life. 

Almost at the same hour of his death, the kin- 
dred spirit of the venerable Adams, as if to bear 
him company, left the scene of his earthly honors. 
Hand in hand they had stood forth, the champions of 
freedom ; hand in hand, during the dark and desper- 
ate struggle of the Revolution, they had cheered and 
animated their desponding countrymen; for half a 
century they had labored together for the good of 
the country; and now hand in hand they depart. 
In their lives they had been united in the same great 
cause of liberty, and in their deaths they were not 

In person Mr. Jefferson was tall and thin, rather 
above six feet in height, but well formed; his eyes 
were light, his hair originally red, in after life became 
white and silvery; his complexion was fair, his fore 
head broad, and his whole cour^enance intelligent and 
thoughtful. He possessed great fortitude of mind as 
well as personal courage; and j.:s command of tem- 
per was such that his oldest and most intimate friends 
never recollected to have seen him in a passion. 
His manners, though dignified, were simple and un- 
affected, and his hospitality was so unbounded that 
all found at his house a ready welcome. In conver- 
sation he was fluent, eloquent and enthusiastic ; and 
his language was remarkably pure and correct. He 
was a finished classical scholar, and in his writings is 
discernable the care with which he formed his style 
upon the best models of antiquity. 

c , , .^yCC if^^c-L^t-i c'K 


V'|a&> 3^rr|ES npDisoi].-^D.:.i>. 

\\I?S MADISON, "Father 
^ I tliL C oiiititution," and fourth 
I idcntof the United States, 
/ \ t-, horn March i6, 1757, and 
1 died It hib home in Virginia, 
-" June 2S, 1S36. The name of 
James Madison is inseparably con- 
nected with most of the important 
events in that heroic period of our 
country daring which the founda- 
tions of this great repubUc were 
laid. He was the last of the founders 
of the Constitution of the United 
States to lie called to his eternal 

The Madison family were among 
the early emigrants to the New World, 
landing upou the shores of the Chesa- 
peake but 15 years after the settle- 
ment of Jamestown. The father of 
James Madison was an opulent 
planter, residing uix)n a very fine es- 
tate called "Montpelier," Orange Co., 
Va. The mansion was situated in 
the midst of scenery highly pictur- 
esque and romantic, on the west side 
of .South-west Mountain, at the foot of 
t was but 25 miles from the home of 
Jefferson at Monticello. The closest jiersonal and 
political attachment existed between these illustrious 
uien, from their early youth until death. 

The early education of Mr. Madison was conducted 
mostly at home uniler a private tutor. At the age of 
iS lie was sent to Princeton College, in New Jersey. 
Here he applied himself to study with the most im- 

Blue Ridge. 

prudent zeal; allowing himself, for months, l)ut three 
hours' slee[) out of the 24. His health thus became so 
seriously impaired that he never recovered any vigor 
of constitution. He graduated in 177 i, with a feeble 
body, with a character of utmost purity, and with a 
mind highly disciplined and richly stored with learning 
which embellished and gave proficiency to his subsf 
quent career. 

Returning to Virginia, he commenced the study of 
law and a course of e.xtensive and systematic reading. 
This educational course, the spirit of the times in 
which he lived, and the society with wliich he asso- 
ciated, all combined to inspire him with a strong 
love of liberty, and to train him fijr his life-work o! 
a statesman. Being naturally of a religious turn of 
mind, and his frail health leading him to think that 
his life was not to be long, lie diiected especial atten- 
tion to theological studies. Endowed with a mind 
singularly free from passion and prejudice, and with 
almoKt unequalled powers of reasoning, he weighed 
all the arguments for and against revealed religion, 
until his faith became so established as never to 
be shaken. 

In the spring of 1776, wiien 26 years of age, he 
was elected a member of the Virginia Convention, to 
frame the constitution of the State. The next year 
(1777), he was .1. candidate for the General .Assembly. 
He refused to treat the whisky-lovir.g voters, and 
consetpiently lost his election ; but those who had 
witnessed the talent, energy and public spirit of the 
modest young man, enlisted themselves in his behalf, 
and he was apjjointed to the Kxeculive Council. 

Both Patrick Henry and Thomas Jefferson were 
Governors of Virginia while Mr. Madison, remained 
member of the Council ; and their appreciation of hi» 


"ntellectual, social and moral worth, contributed not 
a little to his subsequent eminence. In the year 
1780, he was elected a member of the Continental 
Congress. Here he met the most illustrious men in 
our land, and he was immediately assigned to one of 
the most conspicuous positions among them. 

For three years Mr. Madison continued in Con- 
gress, one of its most active and influential members. 
In the year 17 84, his term having expired, he was 
elected a member of the Virginia Legislature. 

No man felt more deeply than Mr. Madison the 
utter inefficiency of the old confederacy, with no na- 
tional government, with no power to form treaties 
which would be binding, or to enforce law. There 
was not any State more prominent than Virginia in 
the declaration, that an efficient national government 
must be formed. In January, 1786, Mr. Madison 
carried a resolution through the General Assembly of 
Virginia, inviting the other States to appoint commis- 
sioners to meet in convention at Annapolis to discuss 
this subject. Five States only were represented. The 
convention, however, issued another call, drawn up 
by Mr. Madison, urguig all the States to send their 
delegates to Philadelphia, in May, 1787, to draft 
a Constitudon for the United States, to take the place 
of that Confederate League. The delegates met at 
the time appointed. Every State but Rhode Island 
"fas represented. George Washington was chosen 
president of the convention ; and the present Consti- 
tution of the United States was then and there formed. 
There was, perhaps, no mind and no pen more ac- 
tive in framing this immortal document than the mind 
and the pen of James Madison. 

The Constitution, adopted by a vote 81 to 79, was 
to be presented to the several States for acceptance. 
But grave solicitude was felt. Should it be rejected 
we should be left but a conglomeration of independent 
States, with but little ix)wer at home and little respect 
abroad. Mr. Madison was selected by the conven- 
tion to draw up an address to the people of the United 
States, expounding the principles of the Constitution, 
and urging its adoption. There was great opposition 
to it at first, but it at length triumphed over all, and 
went into effect in 1789. 

Mr. Madison was elected to the House of Repre- 
sentatives in the first Congress, and soon became the 
avowed leader of the Republican party. While in 
New York attending Congress, he met Mrs, Todd, a 
young widow of remarkable ix)wer of fascination, 
whom he married. She was in person and character 
(jueenly, and probably no lady has thus far occupied 
so prominent a position in the very peculiar society 
which has constituted our republican court as Mrs. 

Mr. Madison served as Secretary of State under 
Jefferson, and at the close of his administration 
was chosen. President. At this time the encroach- 
ments of England had brought us to the verge of war. , 

British orders in council destioyed our commerce, and 
our flag was exposed to constant insult. Mr. Madison 
was a man of peace. Scholarly in his taste, retiring 
in his disposition, war had no charms for him. But the 
meekest spirit can be roused. It makes one's blood 
boil, even now, to think of an American ship brought 
to, upon the ocean, by the guns of an English cruiser. 
A young lieutenant steps on board and orders the 
crew to be paraded before him. With great nonchal- 
ance he selects any number whom he may please to 
designate as British subjects ; orders them down the 
ship's side into his boat ; and places them on the gun- 
deck of his man-of-war, to fight, by compulsion, the 
battles of England. This right of search and im- 
pressment, no efforts of our Government could induce 
the British cabinet to relinquish. 

On the 1 8th of June, 18 12, President Madison gave 
his approval to an act of Congress declaring war 
against Great Britain. Notwithstanding the bitter 
hostility of the Federal party to the war, the country 
in general approved; and Mr. Madison, on the 4th 
of March, 1813, was re-elected by a large majority, 
and entered upon his second teitn of office. This is 
not the place to describe the various adventures of 
this war on the land and on the water. Our infan'. 
navy then laid the foundations of its renown in grap- 
pling with the most formidable power which ever 
swept the seas. The contest commenced in earnest 
by the appearance of a British fleet, early in February, 
18 13, in Chesapeake Bay, declaring nearly the whole 
coast of the United States under blockade. 

The Emperor of Russia offered his services as me 
ditator. America accepted ; England refused. A Brit- 
ish force of five thousand men landed on the banks 
of the Patuxet River, near its entrance into Chesa- 
peake Bay, and marched rapidly, by way of Bladens- 
burg, upon Washington. 

The straggling little city of Washington was thrown 
into consternation. The cannon of the brief conflict 
at Bladensburg echoed through the streets of the 
metropolis. The whole population fled from the city. 
The President, leaving Mrs. ^Ladison in the ^Vhite 
House, with her carriage drawn up at the doer to 
await his speedy return, hurried to meet the officers 
in a council of war. He met our troops utteriy roUte4 
and he could not go back without danger of being 
captured. But few hours elapsed ere the Presidential 
Mansion, the Capitol, and all the public buildings in 
Washington were in flames. 

The war closed after two years of fighting, and on 
Feb. 13, 1815, the treaty of peace was signed aK^.hent. 

On the 4th of March, 1817, his second term of 
office expired, and he resigned the Presidential chair 
to his friend, James Monroe. He retired to his beau- 
dful home at Montpelier, and there passed the re- 
mainder of his days. On June 28, 1836, then at the 
age of 85 years, he fell asleep in death. Mrs. Madi- 
son died July 12, 1849. 

.^c^'y? > i-v y /'/ Z,r- .' c ^ ^-^ 



identof The United States, 
was born in Westmoreland Co., 
\ 1, April 28, 1758. His early 
life was passed at the ])lace of 
nativity. Hi.? ancestors hail for 
many years resided in the prov- 
ince in which he was born. ^Vhell, 
at 17 jears of age, in the process 
of completing his education at 
William and Mary College, the Co- 
loniil Congress assembled at Phila- 
delphia to deliberate u[)on the un- 
just and manifold oppressions of 
Great Britian, declared the separa- 
tion of the Colonies, and [jronuil- 
gated the Declaration of Indejien- 
dence. Had he been liorn ten years liefore it is highly 
probable that he would have been one of the signers 
of that celebrated instrument. At this time he left 
school and enlisted among the patriots. 

He joined the army when everything looked hope- 
less and gloomy. The number of deserters increased 
from day to day. The invading armies came pouring 
in ; and the tories not only favored the cause of the 
mother country, but disheartened the new recruits, 
who were sufficiently terrified at the prospect of con- 
tending with an enemy whom they had been taught 
to deem invincible. To such brave spirits as James 
Monroe, who went right onward, undismayed through 
difficulty and danger, the United States owe their 
ix^liric-il emancipation. The young cadet joined the 
ranks, and esixiused the cause of his injured country, 
with a firm determination to live o. iie with her strife 

)erty. Firmly yet sadly he shared in the rael- 
ily retreat from Harleain Heights and White 
S and accompanied the dispirited army as it fled 
before its foes through New Jersey. In four months 
after tlie Declaration of Independence, the patriots 
had been beaten in seven battles. At the battle of 
Trenton he led the vanguard, and, in the act of charg- 
ing upon the enemy lie received a wound in tlie left 

As a reward for his bravery, Mr. Monroe was ]jro-| 
nioted a captain of infantry; and, having recovered, 
from his wound, he rejoined the army. He, however, 
receded from the line of promotion, by becoming aa 
officer in the staff of Lord Sterling. During the cam- 
paigns of 1777 and 1778, in the actions of Brandy 
wine, (ierniantown and Monniouth, he continued 
aid-de-camp; but becoming desirous to regain his 
[wsition in the army, he exerted himself to collect a 

regiment for tlii 

ine. This scheme failed 

owing to the exhausted condition of the State. Ujwn 
this failure he entered the office of Mr. Jefferson, at 
that period Governor, and pursued, with considerable 
ardor, the study of common law. He did not, however, 
entirely lay aside the knapsack for the green bag; 
but on the invasions of the enemy, served as a volun 
teer, during the two years of his legal pursuits. 

In 1782, he was elected from King George county, 
a member of the Leglislature of N'irginia, and by thai 
l.iody he was elevated to a seat in the Executive 
Council. He was thus lionored with tiie confidence 
of his fellow citizens at 23 years of age ; and havint 
at this early period displayed some of tliat ability 
and aptitude for legislation, which were afterwards 
employed with unremitting energy for tlie public good. 


he was in the succeeding year chosen a member of 
[he Congress of the United States. 
DeeplyasMr. Monroefelt the imperfections of the old 
Confederacy, he was opposed to the new Constitution, 
'.hinking, with many others of the RepubHcan party, 
'.hat it gave too much power to the Central Government, 
and not enough to the individual States. Still he re- 
tained the esteem of his friends who were its warm 
supporters, and who, notwithstanding his opposition 
secured its adoption. In 1789, he became a member 
of the United States Senate; which office he held for 
four years. Every month the line of distinction be- 
tween the two great parties which divided the nation, 
the Federal and the Republican, was growing more 
distinct. The two prominent ideas which now sep- 
arated them were, that the Republican party was in 
sympathy with France, and also in favor of such a 
strict construction of the Constitution as to give the 
Central Government as little power, and the State 
Governments as much power, as the Constitution would 
warrant. The Federalists sympathized with England, 
and were in favor of a liberal construction of the Con- 
stitution, which would give as much power to the 
Central Goverrfment as that document could possibly 

The leading Federalists and Republicans were 
alike noble men, consecrating all their energies to the 
good of the nation. Two more honest men or more 
pure patriots than John Adams the Federalist, and 
James Monroe the Republican, never breathed. In 
l)uilding up this majestic nation, which is destined 
to eclipse all Grecian and Assyrian greatness, the com- 
bination of their antagonism was needed to create the 
light equilibrium. And yet each in his day was de- 
nounced as almost a demon. 

Washington was then President. England had es- 
poused the cause of the Bourbons against the princi- 
ples of the French Revolution. All Europe was drawn 
into the conflict. We were feeble and far away. 
Washington issued a proclamation of neutrality be- 
tween these contending powers. France had helped 
us in the struggle for our liberties. All the despotisms 
of Europe were now combiiied to prevent the French 
from escaping from a tyranny a thousand-fold worse 
than that which we had endured. Col. Monroe, more 
magnanimous than prudent, was anxious that, at 
whatever hazard, we should help our old allies in 
their extremity. It was the impulse of a generous 
and noble nature. He violently opposed the Pres- 
ident's proclamation as ungrateful and wanting in 

Washington, who could appreciate such a character, 
developed his calm, serene, almost divine greatness, 
by appointing that very James Monroe, who was de- 
nouncing the policy of the Government, as the minister 
of that Government to the Republic of France. Mr. 
Monroe was welcomed by the National Convention 
in France with the most enthusiastic demonstB»-tions. 

Shortly after his return to this country, Mr. Mon- 
roe was elected Governor of Virginia, and held the 
office for three years. He was again sent to France to 
co-operate with Chancellor Livingston in obtaining 
the vast territory then known as the Province of 
Louisiana, which France had but shortly before ob- 
tained from Spain. Their united efforts were suc- 
cessful. For the comparatively small sum of fifteen, 
millions of dollars, the entire territory of Orleans and 
district of Louisiana were added to the United States. 
This was probably the largest transfer of real estate 
which was ever made in all the history of the world 

From France Mr. Monroe went to England to ob- 
tain from that country some recognition of oui 
rights as neutrals, and to remonstrate against those 
odious impressments of our ssamen. But Eng- 
land was unrelenting. He again returned to Eng- 
land on the same mission, but could receive no 
redress. He returned to his home and was again 
chosen Governor of Virginia. This he soon resigned 
to accept the position of Secretary of State under 
Madison. While in this office war with England, was 
declared, the Secretary of War resigned, and during 
these trying times, the duties of the War Departnien; 
were also put upon him. He was truly the armor- 
bearer of President Madison, and the most efficient 
business man in his cabinet. Upon the return of 
peace he resigned the Department of War, but con- 
tinued in the office of Secretary of State until the ex- 
jnration of Mr. Madison's adminstration. At the elec- 
tion held the previous autumn Mr. Monroe himself had 
been chosen President with but little opposition, and 
upon March 4, 18 17, was inaugurated. Four years 
later he was elected for a second term. 

Ainong the important measures of his Presidency 
were the cession of Florida to the United States; the 
Missouri Compromise, and the " Monroe doctrine.' 

This famous doctrine, since known as the " Monroe 
doctrine," was enunciated by him in 1823. At that 
time the United States had recognized the independ- 
ence of the South American states, and did not wish 
to have European powers longer attempting to sub- 
due portions of the American Continent. The doctrine 
is as follows: "That we should consider any attempt 
on the part of European powers to extend their sys- 
tem to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous 
to our peace and safety," and "that we could not 
view any interposition for the purjx)se of oppressing 
or controlling American governments or provinces in 
any other light than as a manifestation by Eurojiear. 
powers of an unfriendly disposition toward the LTnited 
States." This doctrine immediately affected the course 
of foreign governments, and has become the approved 
sentiment of the LTnited States. 

At the end of his second term Mr. Monroe retired 
to his home in Virginia, where he lived until 1830. 
when he went to New York to live with his son-in- 
law. In that city he died.on the 4th of July 1831 

J, 5, Ai, 



w^^/ x\ 


4^ \ JOI}I] QUIPY ^D^n]S. 



ih President of the United 
tes, was born in tiie rural 
ne of his honored father, 
John Adams, in Qaincy, Mass., 
on the iithcf July, 1767. His 
mother, a woman of exalted 
uoith, watched over his childhood 
during the almost constant ab- 
sence of his father. When but 
eight years of age, he stood with 
his mother on an eminence, listen- 
ing to the booming of the great bat- 
tle on Bunl<er"s Hill, and gazing on 
upon the smoke and flames billow- 

fing up from the conflagration of 
When but eleven years old he 
• took a tearful adieu of his mother, 

to sail with his fatner for Europe, 
through a fleet ol hostilj British cruisers. The bright, 
..uimated boy spent a year and a half in Paris, where 
Ills f.ither was associated with Franklin and Lee as 
uunister plenipotentiary. His intelligence attracted 
ihe notice of these distinguished men, and he received 
from tliem flattering ni.iks of attention. 

Mr. John Adams had scarcely returned to this 
rou try, in 1779, ere he was again sent abroad .Again 
ol.n Quincy accompanied his father. At Paris he 
ipplied himself with great diligence, for six months, 
to ..'udy; then accom pained his father to Holland, 
vnere he entered, first a school in .\msterdam, then 
t|-,e University at I.eyden. About a year from this 
time, in t78i, when the manly boy was but fourteen 
yea--, of age, he was selected by Mr. Dana, our min- 
ister to the Russian court, as his private secretary. 

In this school of incessant labor and of enobling 
culture he spent fourteen months, and then returned 
!o Holland through Sweden, Denmark, Hamburg and 
Bremen, '{"his k ng journey he took alone, in the 
wniter, wlien in his sixteenth year, .^gain heresui-ned 
rue siudifs, unde.'- a pn"ate tutor, at Hague. Thence, 

in the spring of 1782, he accomiianied his f^chiT l: 
Paris, traveling leisurely, and torming aciiuamtanct 
with tlie most distinguisiieil men on the Continent 
examining arcnitectural remains, galleries of 1 .lintiugs 
and all renowned works of art. At Paris ne agaii. 
became associated with the most illustriotrs men o( 
all lands in the contemplations of the loftiest temporal 
themes which can engross the himian mind. Afte- 
a short visit to England he returned to Paris, ana 
consecrated all his energies to study until May, 1785, 
when he returned lo America. To a brilliant young 
man of eighteen, v. ho had seen much of the world, 
and who was familiar with the eii([uette of courts, a 
residence with his father in London, under such cir- 
cumstances, must have been extremely attractive 
but with judgment very rare in one of his age, he pre- 
ferred to return to America to complete his education 
in an .'\merican college. He wished then to study 
law, that with an honorable profession, he might be 
able to obtain an independent suiijiort. 

Upon leaving Harvard College, at the age of twentj- 
he studied law for three years. In June, 1794, be- 
ing then but tv/enty-seven years of age, he was ap- 
pointed by Washington, resident minister at the 
Netherlands. Sailing from Boston in July, he reacheo 
London in October, where he was immediately admit- 
ted to the deliberations of Messrs. Jay and Pincknty 
assisting them in negotiating acommercial treaty with 
C.ieat Brilian. After thus spending a fortnight i. 
London, he proceeded to the Hague. 

In July, 1797, he left the Hague to go to Portugal a9 
minister plenipotentiary. On his way to Portugal 
upon arriving in London, he met with despatche.s 
directing him to the court of Berlin, but requesting 
him to remain in London ur.til he should receive his 
instructions. \\'hile waiting he was married to ar 
American lady to whom he had been previously en- 
gaged, — Miss Louisa Catherine Johnson, dau^htei 
of Mr. Joshua Johnson, American consul in I ondon 
a lady endownd with that beauty and those accoin. 
plishment which eminenlly fitted her lo move in tint 
elevated sphere for which she was tias'-ined 


He reached Berlin with his wife in November, 1797 ; 
where he remained until July, 1799, when, having ful- 
filled all the purfjoses of his mission, he solicited his 

Soon after his return, in 1802, he was chosen to 
Ihe Senate of Massachusetts, from Boston, and then 
was elected Senator of the United States for six years, 
from the 4th of March, 1804. His reputation, his 
ability and his experience, placed him immediately 
among the most prominent and influential members 
of tliat body. Especially did he sustain the Govern- 
ment in its measures of resistance to the encroach- 
ments of England, destroying our commerce and in- 
sulting our flag. There was no man in America more 
familiar with the arrogance of the British court upon 
these points, and no one more resolved to present 
a firm resistance. 

In 1809, Madison succeeded Jefferson in the Pres- 
idential chair, and he immediately nominated John 
Quincy Adams minister to St. Petersburg. Resign- 
ing his professorship in Harvard College, he embarked 
at Boston, in August, 1809. 

While in Russia, Mr. Adams was an intense stu- 
dent. He devoted his attention to the language and 
history of Russia; to the Chinese trade; to the 
European system of weights, measures, and coins ; to 
the climate and astronomical observations ; while he 
Kept up a familiar acquaintance with the Greek and 
Latin classics. In all the universities of Europe, a 
more accomplished scholar could scarcely be found. 
All tlirough life the Bible constituted an important 
part of his studies. It was his rule to read five 
chapters every day. 

On the 4th of March, 1817, Mr. Monroe took the 
Presidential chair, and immediately appointed Mr. 
Adams Secretaiy of State. Taking leave of his num- 
erous friends in public and private life in Europe, he 
sailed in June, 181 9, for the United States. On the 
i8th of August, he again crossed the threshold of his 
home in Quincy. During the eight years of Mr. Mon- 
roe's administration, Mr, Adams continued Secretary 
of State. 

Some time before the close of Mr. Monroe's second 
term of office, \\q\s candidates began to be presented 
for the Presidency. The friends of Mr. Adams brought 
forward his name. It was an exciting campaign. 
Party spirit was never more bitter. Two hundred and 
sixty electoral votes were cast. Andrew Jackson re- 
ceived ninety-nine; John Quincy Adams, eighty-four; 
William H. Crawford, forty-one; Henry Clay, thirty- 
seven. As there was no choice by the people, the 
question went to the House of Representatives. Mr. 
Clay gave the vote of Kentucky to Mr. Adams, and 
be was elected. 

The friends of all the disappointed candidates now 
:ombined in a venomous and persistent assault upon 
Mr. Adams. Tliere is nothing more disgraceful in 
*-!>« past history of our country than the abuse which 

was poured in one uninterrupted stream, upon this 
high-minded, upright, patriotic man. There never was 
an administration more pure in principles, more con- 
scientiously devoted to tlie best interests of the coun- 
try, than that of John Quincy Adams ; and never, per- 
haps, was there an administration more unscrupu- 
lously and outrageously assailed. 

Mr. Adams was, to a very remarkable degree, ab- 
stemious and temperate in his habits; always rising 
early, and taking much exercise. When at his home in 
Quincy, he has been known to walk, before breakfast, 
seven miles to Boston. In Washington, it was said 
that he was the first man up in the city, lighting his 
own fire and applying himself to work in his library 
often long before dawn. 

On the 4th of March, 1829, Mr. Adams retired 
from the Presidency, and was succeeded by Andrew 
I Jackson. John C. Calhoun was elected Vice Presi- 
dent. The slavery question now began to assume 
lx)rlentous magnitude. Mr. Adams returned to 
Quincy and to his studies, which he pursued with un- 
abated zeal. But he was not long permitted to re- 
main in retirement. In November, 1830, he was 
elected representative to Congress. For seventeen 
years, until his death, he occupied the post as repre- 
sentative, towering above all his peers, ever ready to 
do brave battle' for freedom, and winning the title of 
" the old man eloquent." Upon taking his seat in 
the House, he announced that he should hold him- 
self bound to no party. Probably there never was a 
member more devoted to his duties. He was usually 
the first in his place in the morning, and the last to 
leave his seat in the evening. Not a measure could 
be brought forward and escape his scrutiny. The 
battle which Mr. Adams fought, almost singly, against 
the proslavery party in the Government, was sublime 
in its moral daring and heroism. For persisting in 
presenting petitions for the abolition of slavery, he 
was threatened with indictment by the grand jury, 
with expulsion from the House, with assassination . 
but no threats could intimidate him, and his final 
triumph was complete. 

It has been said of President Adams, that when his 
body was bent and his hair silvered by the lapse of 
fourscore years, yielding to the simple faith of a little 
child, he was accustomed to repeat every night, before 
he slept, the prajer which his mother taught him in 
his infant years. 

On the 2 1 St of February, 1848, he rose on the floor 
of Congress, with a paper in his hand, to address the 
speaker. Suddenly he fell, again stricken by paraly- 
sis, and was caught in the arms of those around him. 
For a time he was senseless, as he was conveyed to 
the sofa in the rotunda. With reviving conscious- 
ness, he opened his eyes, looked calmly around and 
said " This is the endof earth .-"then after a moment's 
pause he added, ^' I ant content" These were the 
last words of the grand " Old Man Eloquent." 


Z^2^^^^^y^=:74L.^^^-2:7^ — 


( .: A N I) I^ F< Ae J A ( U V J^ Q JST . 




^Lventh President of" the 
L lilted States, was horn in 
W axhaw settlement, N. (:., 
March 15, 1767, a few days 
after his father's death. His 
parents were poor emigrants 
from Ireland, and took up 
their abode in Waxhaw set- 
tlement, where they lived in 
deepest poverty. 
Andrew, or Andy, as he was 
universally called, grew up a very 
rough, rude, turbulent boy. His 
features were coarse, his form un- 
gainly; and there was Init veiy 
little in liis character, made visible, which was at- 

When only thirteen years old he joined the volun- 
teers of Carolina against the British invasion. In 
17X1, he and his brother Robert were captured and 
imprisoned for a time at Camden. A British ofticer 
ordered him to brush his mud-spattered boots. " I am 
a prisoner of war, not your servant," was the reply of 
the dauntless boy. 

The brute drew his sword, and aimed a desi)erate 
olow at the head of the helpless young prisoner. 
Andrew raised his hand, and thus received two fear- 
ful gashes, — one on the hand and the other upon the 
head. The officer then turned to his lirothcr Robert 
with the same demand. He also refused, and re- 
ceived a blow from the keen-edged sabre, which quite 
disabled him, and which probably soon after caused 
his death. They suffered much other ill-treatment, and 
were finally stricken with the small-pox. Their 
mother was successful '.u «iotaining their exchange. 

and took her sick boys home. .'Vfter a long iiln.s-, 
.Andrew recovered, and the death of his mother ^oon 
left him entirely friendless. 

-Andrew suijporled himself in various ways, sjjhaa 
working at the saddler's trade, teaching school and 
clerking in a general store, until 17 84, when he 
entered a law office at Salisbury, N. C. He, however, 
gave more attention to the wild amusements of the 
times than to his studies. In 17S8, he was appointed 
solicitor for the western district of North Carolina, oi 
which 'I'ennessee was then a part. Tiiis invoh^'d 
many long and tedious jtiiirneys amid dangers of 
every kind, but Andrew Jackson never knew fear 
and the Indians had no desire to repeat a skirmisix 
witn the Shar]) Knife. 

In 1791, Mr. Jackson was married to a woman who 
supposed herself divorced from her former husband. 
Great was the sur[)rise of both parties, two years later, 
to find that the conditions of the divorce had just been 
definitely settled by the first husband. 'I'hc marriage 
ceremony was performed a second time, but the occur- 
rence was often used by his enemies to bring .Mr. 
Jackson into disfavor. 

During these years he worked hard at his profes 
sion, and frequently had one or more duels on hand, 
one of which, when he killed Dickenson, was espec- 
ially disgraceful. 

In January, i79''>, the Territory of Tennessee then 
containing nearly eighty lliousand inhabitants, the 
peojile met in convention at Knoxville to frame a con- 
stitution. Five were sent from each of the elev;u 
counties .'\ndrew Jackson was one of the delegates. 
The new State was entitled to but one' mcmlier in 
the National House of Representatives. .Andrew JacTc- 
son was chosen that member. Mounting his horse he 
rode to Philedelphia, where Congress then held its 


sessions,— a dislaiice of about eight hundred miles. 

Jackson was an earnest advocate of the Demo- 
cratic party. Jefferson was his idol. He admired 
Bonaparte, loved France and hated England. As Mr. 
Jackson took his seat, Gen. Washington, whose 
second term of office was then expiring, delivered his 
last speech to Congress. A committee drew up a 
comi)limentary address in reply. Andrew Jackson 
did not approve of the address, and was one of the 
twelve who voted against it. He was not willing to 
say that Gen. Washington's adminstratioh had been 
" wise, firm and patriotic." 

Mr. Jackson was elected to the United States 
Senate in 1797, but soon resigned and returned home. 
Soon after he was chosen Judge of the Supreme Court 
of his State, which position he held for six years. 

When the war of 18 12 with Great Bntian com- 
menced, Madison occupied the Presidential chair. 
Aaron Burr sent word to the President that there was 
an unknown man in the West, Andrew Jackson, who 
would do credit to a commission if one were con- 
ferred u[X)n him. Just at that time Gen. Jackson 
affeied his services and those of twenty-five hundred 
volunteers. His offer was accepted, and the troops 
were assembled at Nashville. 

As the British were hourly expected to make an at- 
tack upon New Orleans, where Gen Wilkinson was 
in command, he was ordered to descend the river 
with fifteen hundred troops to aid Wilkinson. The 
expedition reached Natchez; and afteradelay of sev- 
eral weeks there, without accomplishing anything, 
the men were ordered back to their homes. But the 
energy Gen. Jackson had displayed, and his entire 
devotion to the comrfort of his soldiers, won him 
golden oinnions ; and he became the most popular 
man in the State. It was in this expedition that his 
toughness gave him the nickname of " Old Hickory." 

Soon after this, while attempting to horsewhip Col. 
Thomas H. Benton, for a remark that gentleman 
made about his taking a part as second in a duel, in 
which a younger brother of Benton's was engaged, 
he received two severe pistol wounds. While he was 
lingering tipon a bed of suffering nevvs came that the 
Indians, who had combined under Tecumseh from 
Florida to the Lakes, to exterminate the white set- 
tlers, were committing the most awful ravages. De- 
cisive action became necessary. Gen. Jackson, with 
his fractured bone just beginning to heal, his arm ' in 
a sling, and unable to mount his horse without assis- 
tance, gave his amazing energies to the raising of an 
army to rendezvous at Fayettesville, Alabama. 

The Creek Indians had estal)lished a strong fort on 
oneof the bends of the Tallapoosa River, near the cen- 
ter of Alabama, about fifty miles below Fort Strother. 
With an army of two thousand men. Gen. Jackson 
traversed the pathless wilderness in a march of eleven 
days. He reached their fort, called Tohopeka or 
Horse-shoe, on the 27th of March. 1814. The bend 

of the river enclosed nearly one hundred acres of 
tangled forest and wild ravine. Across the narrow 
neck the Indians had constructed a formidable breast- 
work of logs and brush. Here nine hundred warriors, 
with an ample suplyof arms were assembled. 

The fort was stormed. The fight was utterly des- 
perate. Not an Indian would accept of quarter. When 
bleeding and dying, they would fight those who en- 
deavored to spare their lives. From ten in the morn- 
ing until dark, the battle raged. Tlie carnage was 
awful and revolting. Some threw themselves into the 
river; but the unerring bullet struck their heads as 
they swam. Nearly everyone of the nine hundred war- 
rios were killed A few probably, in the night, swam 
the river and escaped. This ended the war. The 
[KDwer of the Creeks was broken forever. This bold 
plunge into the wilderness, with its terriffic slaughter, 
so appalled the savages, that the haggard remnants 
of the bands came to the camp, begging for peace. 

This closing of the Creek war enabled us to con- 
centrate all our militia upon the British, who were the 
allies of the Indians No man of less resolute will 
than Gen. Jackson could have conducted this Indian 
campaign to so successful an issue Immediately he 
was appointed major-general. 

Late in August, with an army of two thousand 
men, on a rushing march. Gen. Jackson came to 
Mobile. A British fleet came from Pensacola, landed 
a force upon the beach, anchored near the little fort, 
and from both ship and shore commenced a furious 
assault The battle was long and doubtful. At length 
one of the ships was blown up and the rest retired. 

Garrisoning Mobile, where he had taken his little 
army, he moved his troops to New Orleans, 
And the battle of New Orleans which soon ensued, 
was in reality a very arduous campaign. This won 
for Gen. Jackson an imperishable name. Here his 
troops, which numbered about four thousand men, 
won a signal victory over the British army of about 
nine thousand. His loss was but thirteen, while the 
loss of the British was two thousand six hundred. 

The name of Gen. Jackson soon began to be men- 
tioned in connection with the Presidency, but, in 1824, 
he was defeated by Mr. Adams. He was, however, 
successful in the election of 1828, and was re-elected 
for a second term in 1832. In 1829, just before he 
assumed the reins of the government, he met with 
the most terrible affliction of his life in the death of 
his wife, whom he had loved with a devotion which has 
perhaps never been surpassed. From the shock of 
her death he never recovered. 

His administration was one of the most memorable 
in the annals of our country; applauded' oy one party, 
condemned by the other. No man had more bitter 
enemies or warmer friends. At the expiration of his 
two terms of office he retired to the Hermitage, where 
he died June 8, 1845. The last years of Mr. Jack- 
son's life were that of a devoted Christian man. 

^ 7 /^Uat ^^L^y J ^<^-^^^t 



yj 'iRTIN VAN BUREN, ihe 
a^_ eighth President of the 
j'i L'liitcd States, was l)oni at 
Kmdeihook, N. V., Dec. 5, 
17S2. He died at the same 
ilace, July 24, 1862. His 
dy rehts in the cemetery 
at Kmderhook. Above it is 
)lain granite sliaft lifteeii feet 
high, bearing a simple inscription 
about half way up on one fac:e. 
The lot is unfeneed, unbordeied 
or uuboi.niiled by shrub or flower. 

There '- jut iktle in the life of Martin Van Burea 
of roman' c interest. He fought no battles, engaged 
in no wild adventures. Though his life was stormy in 
political and intellectual conflicts, and he gained many 
signal victories, his days passed uneventful in those 
incidents which give zest to biography. His an- 
cestors, as his name indicates, were of Dutch origin, 
and were among the earliest emigrants from Holland 
to the banks of the Hudson. His father was a farmer, 
residing in the old town of Kinderhook. I lis mother, 
also of Dutch lineage, was a woman of su|)erior intel- 
ligence and e.xemplary piety. 

.-fe was decidedly a [jrecocious boy, developing un- 
usual activity, vigor and strength of mind. At the 
age of fourteen, he had finished his academic studies 
ai his native village, and commenced the study of 
:aw. As he not a collegiate education, seven 
years of study in a law-office were reijuired of him 
(jefore he could be admitted to the bar. Inspired with 
.( lofty ambition, and conscious of his powers, he [lur- 
sued his studies witli inilefatigable industry. After 
spending six years in an office in ''is native village, 

he went to the city of New York, and prosecuted his 
studies for theseventli year. 

In 1803, Mr. Van Buren, then twenty-one years ol 
age, commenced the practice of law in his native vil 
lage. The great conflict between the Federal and 
Republican party was then at its height. Mr. \'an 
Buren was from the beginning a politician. He had, 
perhaps, imbibed that spirit while listening to the 
many discussions which had been carried on in hi^ 
father's hotel. He was in cordial sympathy with, 
Jefferson, and earnestly and elo<|ueiuly esjiouscd Ihe 
cause of State Rights; though at that time the Fed- 
eral party held the supremacy botli in his towij 
and State. 

His success and increasing niputation led him 
after six years of practice, to remove to Hudson, th. 
county seat of his county. Here he spent seven years 
constantly gaining strength by contending in th(, 
courts with some of the ablest men who have adorned 
the bar of his State. 

Just liefore leaving Kinderhook for Hudson, .Mi. 
Van Buren married a lady alike distinguished for 
beauty and accomplishments. After twelve short 
years she sank into the grave, the victim of consun.p. 
tion, leaving her husband and four sons to weep ovci 
her loss. For twenty-five years, .Mr. Van Buren wa;- 
an earnest, successful, assiduous lawyer. The record 
of those years is barren in items of public interest. 
In 181 2, when thirty years of age, he was chosen to 
the State Senate, and gave his strenuous support to 
Mr. Madison's adniinstration. In 1815, he was ap- 
pointed Attorney-General, and the next year moved 
to .'\lbany. the capital of the State. 

'A'hile he was ackno\^'ledged as one of the most 
p. oniinent leaders of th« Democratic ;)art\-, he hafl 


the moral courage to avow that true democracy did 
not require that " universal suffrage" which admits 
the vile, the degraded, the ignorant, to the right of 
governing the State. In true consistency with his 
democratic principles, he contended that, while the 
path leading to the privilege of voting should be open 
to every man without distinction, no one should be 
invested with that sacred prerogative, unless he were 
in some degree qualified for it by intelligence, virtue 
and some property interests in the welfare of the 

In 182 1 he was elected c, member of the United 
States Senate; and in the same year, he took a seat 
in the convention to revise the constitution of his 
native State. His course in this convention secured 
the approval of men of all parties. No one could 
doubt the singleness of his endeavors to promote the 
interests of all classes in the community. In the 
Senate of the United States, he rose at once to a 
-onspicuous position as an active and useful legislator. 

In 1827, John Quincy Adams being then in the 
Presidential chair, Mr. Van Buren was re-elected to 
ihe Senate. He had been from the beginning a de- 
termined opposer of the Administration, adopting the 
■'State Rights " view in opposition to what was 
'deemed the Federal proclivities of Mr. Adams. 

Soon after this, in 1828, he was chosen Governorof 
the State of New York, and accordingly resigned his 
"seat in the Senate. Probably no one in the United 
States contributed so much towards ejecting John Q. 
\dams from the Presidential chair, and placing in it 
Andrew Jackson, as did Martin Van Buren. Whether 
entitled to the reputation or not, he certainly was re- 
garded throughout the United States as one of the 
most skillful, sagacious and cunning of politicians. 
!t was supposed that no one knew so well as he how 
to touch the secret springs of action; how to \m\\ all 
the wires to put his machinery in motion; and how to 
organize a political army which would, secretly and 
sterslthily accomplish the most gigantic results. By 
these powers it is said that he outwitted Mr. Adams, 
Mr. Clay, Mr. Webster, and secured results which 
few thought then could be accomplished. 

When Andrew Jackson was elected President he 
appointed Mr. Van Buren Secretary of State. This 
position he resigned in 1831, and was immediately 
appointed Minister to England, where he went the 
same autumn. The Senate, however, when it met, 
refused to ratify the nomination, and he returned 

home, apparently untroubled; was nominated Vice 
President in the place of Calhoun, at the re-election 
of President Jackson; and with smiles for all and 
frowns for none, he took his place at the head of that 
Senate which had refused to confirm his nomination 
as ambassador. ^ 

His rejection by the Senate roused all the zeal_ of 
President Jackson in behalf of his repudiated favor- 
ite ; and this, probably more than any other cause, 
secured his elevation to the chair of the Chief Execu 
tive. On the 20th of May, 1836, Mr. Van Buren re- 
ceived the Democratic nomination to succeed Gen. 
Jackson as President of the United States. He was 
elected by a handsome majority, to the delight of the 
retiring President. " Leaving New York out of the 
canvass," says Mr. Parton, "the election of Mr. Van 
Buren to the Presidency was as much the act of Gen. 
Jackson as though the Constitution had conferred 
upon him the power to appoint a successor." 

His administration was filled with exciting events. 
The insurrection in Canada, which threatened to in- 
volve this country in war witii England, the agitation 
of the slavery question, and finally the great commer- 
cial panic which spread over the country, all were 
trials to his wisdom. The financial distress was at- 
tributed to the management of the Democratic party, 
and brought the President into such disfavor that he 
failed of re-election. 

With the exception of being nominated for the 
Presidency by the "Free Soil" Democrats, in 1848, 
Mr. Van Buren lived quietly upon his estate until 
his death. 

He had ever been a prudent man, of frugal habits, 
and living within his income, had now fortunately a 
compe.tence for his declining years. His unblemished 
character, his commanding abilities, his unquestioned 
patriotism, and the distinguished positions which he 
had occupied in the government of our country, se- 
cured to him not only the homage of his party, but 
the respect ot the whole community. It was on the 
4th of March, 1841, that Mr. Van Buren retired from 
the presidency. From his fine estate at Lindenwald. 
he still exerted a powerful influence upon the politics 
of the country. From this time until his death, on 
the 24th of July, 1862, at the age of eighty years, he 
resided at Lindenwald, a gentleman of leisure, of 
culture and of wealth; enjoying in a healthy old 
age, probably far more happiness than he had before 
experienced amid the stormy scenes of hip active lifo 

i^^. y^/fe-^^-^^T^^ 


wmiii4At HkENRY m4iMi^E. 

&()V, the ninth President of 
the United States, was born 
It Berkele\, \ i , I*eb. 9, 1773. 
^ H11 fath(.i, Benjunin Harri- 
son WIS in compiratively op- 
^ ulent circumstances, and was 
one of the most distinguished 
men of his day. He was an 
intimate friend of George 
Washington, w as early elected 
a member of the Continental 
Congress, and was conspicuous 
among the patriots of Virginia in 
resisting the encroachments of the 
liritisli crown. In the celebrated 
Congress of 1775, Benjamin Har- 
rison and John Hancock were 
both candidates for the office of 

fMr Harrison was subsequently 
chosen Governor of Virginia, and 
was twice re-elected. His son, 
i William Henry, of course enjoyed 

in childhood all the advantages which wealth and 
intellectual and cultivated society could give. Hav- 
ing received a thorough common-school education, he 
entered Hampden Sidney College, where he graduated 
with honor soon after tiie death of his father. He 
dien repaired to Philadelphia to study medicine under 
the instructions of Dr. Rush and the guardianship of 
lObcrt Morris, both of whom were, with his father, 
signers of the Declaration of Independence. 

Uiwn the outbreak of the Indian troubles, and not- 
withstanding the 'emonstrances of his friends, he 
abandoned his medical studies and entered the army, 
.laving obtai""'^' a commission of Ensign from Presi- 

dent Washington. He was then but 19 years old. 
From that time he passed gradually upward in rank 
until he became aid to General Wayne, after whose 
death he resigned his commission. He was then a[)- 
jjointed Secretary of the North-western Territory. Tliis 
Territory was then entitled to but one member in 
Congress and Capt. Harrison was chosen to fill that 

In the spring of iSoo the North-western Territory 
was divided l)y Congress into two jwrtions. .The 
eastern portion, comprising the region r.ow embraced 
in the State of Ohio, was called '• The Territory 
north-west of the Ohio." The western jjortion, which 
included what is now called Indiana, Illinois and 
Wisconsin, was called the "Indiana Territory." Wil . 
liam Henry Harrison, then 27 years of age, was ai> 
IX)inted by John Adams, Governor of the Indiana 
Territory, and immediately after, also Governor of 
Upper Louisiana. He was thus ruler over almost as 
extensive a realm as any sovereign upon the globe. He 
was Superintendent of Indian Affairs, and was in- 
vested with powers nearly dictatorial over the now 
rapidly increasing white poi)ulation. The ability and 
fidelity with which he discharged these resi)onsible 
duties may Ije inferred from the fact that he was four 
times apiwinted to this office — first by John Adams, 
twice by Thomas Jefferson and afterwards by Presi- 
dent Madison. 

When he began his adminstration there were but 
three white settlements in that almost boundless region, 
now crowded with cities and resounding with all t!ie 
tumult of wealth and traffic. Oneof these settlements 
was on the Ohio, nearly oi)positc Louisville; one at 
Vincennes, on the Wabash, and the third a Frencli 

The vast wilderness over which Gov. Harrisou 
reigned was filled with manv tribes of Indians Al«>ii> 


the ye^ir i8o6, two extraordinary men, twin brothers, 
of the Shawnese tribe, rose among them. Oneof 
ihe?5 was called Tecumseh, or " The Crouching 
1' inther;" the other, Olliwacheca, or "The Prophet." 
Tecumseh was not only an Indian warrior, but a man 
of great sagacity, far-reaching foresight and indomit- 
able perseverance in any enterprise in which he might 
engage. He was inspired with the highest enthusiasm, 
and had long regarded with dread and with hatred 
the encroachment of the whites upon the hunting- 
grounds of his fathers. His brother, the Prophet, was 
an orator, who could sway the feelings of the untutored 
1 ndia:n as the gale tossed the tree-tops beneath which 
they dwelt. 

But the Prophet was not merely an orator: he was, 
ill the superstitious minds of the Indians, invested 
with the sviperhuman dignity of a medicine-man or a 
magician. With an enthusiasm unsurpassed by Peter 
the Hermit rousing Europe to the crusades, he went 
from tribe to tribe, assuming that he was specially sent 
by the Great Spirit. 

Gov. Harrison made many attempts to conciliate 
tlie Indians, but at last the war came, and at Tippe- 
canoe the Indians were routed with great slaughter. 
Octgber 28, 1812, his army began its march. When 
near the Prophet's town three Indians of rank made 
tlieir appearance and inquired why Gov. Harrison was 
approaching them in so hostile an attitude. After a 
.short conference, arrangements were made for a meet- 
ing the next day, to agree upon terms of peace. 

But Gov. Harrison was too well acquainted with 
the Indian character to be deceived by such protes- 
tations Selecting a favorable spot for his night's en- 
campment, lie took every precaution against surprise. 
His troops were posted in a hollow square, and slept 
upon their arms. 

The troops threw themselves upon the ground for 
rest; but every man had his accourtrements on, his 
loaded musket by his side, and his bayonet fixed. The 
wakeful Governor, between three and four o'clock in 
the morning, had risen, and was sitting in conversa- 
tion with his aids by the embers of a waning fire. It 
was a chill, cloudy morning with a drizzling rain. In 
t!ie darkness, the Indians had crept as near as possi- 
ble, and j'lst then, with a savage yell, rushed, with all 
the desperation which superstition and passion most 
highly inflamed could give, upon the left flank of tlie 
httle army. The savages had been amply provided 
with guns and ammunition by the English. Their 
war-whoop was accompained by a shower of bullets. 

The camp-fires were instantly extinguished, as the 
light aided the Indians in their aim. With hide- 
pus yells, the Indian bands rushed on, not doubting a 
speedy and an entire victory. But Gen. Harrison's 
troops stood as immovable as the rocks around them 
until day dawned : they then made a simultaneous 
charge witli the l)ayonet, and swept every thing be- 
fore them, and completely routing the foe. 

Gov. Harrison now had all his energies tasked 
to the utmost. The British descending from the Can - 
adas, were of themselves a very formidable force ; but 
with their savage allies, rushing like wolves from the 
forest, searching out every remote farm-house, burn- 
ing, plundering, scalping, torturing, the wide frontier 
was plunged into a state of consternation which even 
the most vivid imagination can but faintly conceive. 
The war-whoop was resounding everywhere in the 
forest. The horizon was illuminated with the conflagra- 
tion of the cabins of the settlers. Gen Hull had made 
the ignominious surrender of his forces at Detroit. 
Under these despairing circumstances, Gov. Harrison 
was appointed by President Madison commander-in- 
chief of the North-western army, with orders to retake 
Detroit, and to protect the frontiers. 

It would be difficult to place a man in a situation 
demanding more energy, sagacity and courage; Inii 
General Harrison was found equal to the position, 
and nobly and triumphantly did he meet all the re 

He won the love of his soldiers by always sharini 
with them their fatigue. His whole baggage, whik 
pursuing the foe up the Thames, was carried in a 
valise; ajid his bedding consisted of a single blanket 
lashed over his saddle. Thirty-five British officers, 
his prisoners of war, supped with him after the battle. 
The only fare he could give them was beef roasted 
liefore the fire, without bread or salt. 

In 1816, Gen. Harrison was chosen a member of 
the National House of Representatives, to represent 
the District of Ohio. In Congress he proved an 
active member; and whenever he spoke, it was with 
force of reason and power of eloquence, which arrested 
the attention of all the members. 

In 1819, Harrison was elected to the Senate <>l 
Ohio; and in 1824, as one of the presidential electors 
of that State, he gave his vote for Henry Clay. The 
same year he was chosen to the United States Senate. 

In 1836, tlie friends of Gen. Harrison brought him 
forward as a candidate for the Presidency against 
Van Buren, but he was defeated. At the close of 
Mr. Van Buren's term, he was re-nominated by his 
party, and Mr. Harrison was unanimously nominated 
by the Whigs, with John Tyler for the Vice Presidency. 
The contest was very animated. Gen. Jackson gave 
all his influence to prevent Harrison's election ; but 
his triumph was signal. 

The cabinet which he formed, with Daniel Webster 
at its head as Secretary of State, was one of the most 
brilliant with which anv President had ever been 
surrounded. Never were the prospects of an admin- 
istration more flattering, or the hopes of the country 
more sanguine. In the midst of these bright and 
joyous prospects. Gen. Harrison was seized by a 
pleurisy-fever and after a few days of violent sick- 
ness, died on the 4th of April ; just one month after 
his inauguration as President of the UiMted States, 


'aTlyn ll/t£ 


OHN TYLER, the tenth 
^._,^ Presidentof the United States. 
Ho was horn in Charles-city 
Co., Va., March 29, 1790. He 
was the favored child of af- 
fluence and high social po- 
sition. At the early age of 
twelve, John entered William 
and Mary College and grad- 
uated with much honor when 
but seventeen years old. After 
graduating, he devoted him- 
■^elf with great assiduity to the 
study of law, partly with his 
fither and pirtly witli Edmund 
Randolph, one of the most distin- 
guished lawyers of Virginia. 

At nineteen years of age, ne 
commenced the practice of law. 
His success was rapid and aston- 
ishing. It is said that three 
months had not elapsed ere there 
was scarcely a case on the dock- 
I et of the court in which he was 

hot retained. When but twenty-one years of age, he 
was almost unanimously e'ected to a seat in the State 
Legislature. He connected himself with the Demo- 
cratic party, and warmly advocated the measures of 
Jefferson and Madison. For five successive years he 
was elected to the Legislature, receiving nearly the 
imanimous vote or his county. 

When but twenty-six years of age, he was elected 
a member of Congress. Here he acted earnestly and 
ably with the Democratic party, opposing a national 
i)ank, intc"-'! improvements bv the General <^jvern- 

ment, a protective tariff, and advocating a strict con- 
struction of the Constitution, and the most careful 
vigilance over State rights. His labors in Congress 
were so arduous that before the close of his second 
term he found it necessary to resign and retire to his 
estate in Charles-city Co., to recruit his health. He. 
however, soon after consented to take his seat in the 
State Legislature, where his influence was powerful 
in promoting public works of great utility. With a 
reputation thus canstantly increasing, he was chosen 
by a very large majority of votes. Governor of his 
native State. His administration was signally a suc- 
cessful one. His popularity secured liis re-election. 

John Randolph, a brilliant, erratic, half-crazed 
man, then represented Virginia in tlie Senate of the 
United States. A portion of the Democratic party 
was displeased with Mr. Randolph's wayward course, 
and brought forward John Tyler as his opiwnent, 
considering him the only man in Virginia of sufficient 
popularity to succeed against the renowned orator of 
Roanoke. Mr. T)ler was the victor. 

In accordance with his professions, upon taking his 
seat in the Senate, he joined the ranks of the opposi- 
tion. He opposed the tariff; he spoke against and 
voted against the bank as unconstitutional ; he stren- 
uously opposed all restrictions upon slavery, resist- 
ing all projects of internal improvements by the Gen- 
eral Government, and avowed his sympathy with Mr. 
Calhoun's view of nullification; he declared that (Jen. 
Jackson, by his opposition to the nullifiers, had 
abandoned the principles of the Democratic party. 
Such was Mr. Tyler's record in Congress, — a record 
in perfect accordance with the principles which he 
had always avowed. 

Returning to Virginia, he resumed the practice of 
his profession. Ther? was a rplil in llse Democnuir 



,^arty. His friends still regarded him as a true Jef- 
fersonian, gave him a dinner, and showered compli- 
ments upon him. He had now attained the age of 
forty-six. His career had been very brilliant. In con- 
secjiience of his devotion to public business, his pri- 
vate affairs had fallen into some disorder; audit was 
not without satisfaction that he resumed the practice 
of law, and devoted himself to the culture of his plan- 
tation. Soon after tliis he remo\ed to Williamsburg, 
for the better education of his children ; and he again 
look his seat in the Legislature of Virginia. 

By the Southern Whigs, he was sent to the national 
convention at Harrisburg to nominate a President in 
'839. The maiority of votes were given to Gen. Har- 
rison, a genuine Whig, much to the disappointment of 
the South, who wished for Henry Clay. To concili- 
ate the Southern Whigs and to secure their vote, the 
convention then nominated John Tyler for Vice Pres- 
ident. It was well known that he was not in sympa- 
thy with the Whig party in the North : but the Vice 
President has but very little power in the Govern- 
ment, his main and almost only duty being to pre- 
side over the meetings of the Senate. Thus it hap- 
pened that a Whig President, and, in reality, a 
Democratic Vice President were chosen. 

In 1 84 1, Mr. Tyler was inaugurated Vice Presi- 
Jent of the United States. In one short month from 
that time, President Harrison died, and Mr. Tyler 
thus _und himself, to his own surprise and that of 
the whole Nation, an occupant of the Presidential 
chair. This was a new test of the stability of our 
institutions, as it was the first time in the history of our 
country that such an event had occured. Mr. Tyler 
was at home in Williamsburg when he received the 
unexpected tidings of the death of President Harri- 
son. He hastened to Washington, and on the 6th of 
Ayrril was inaugurated to the high and responsible 
otfice. He was placed in a position of exceeding 
delicacy and difficulty. All his long life he had been 
opposed to the main principles of the party which had 
brought him into power. He had ever been a con- 
sistent, honest man, with an unblemished record. 
Gen. Harrison had selected a Whig cabinet. Should 
he retain them, and thus surround himself with coun- 
sellors whose views were antagonistic to his own.'' or, 
on the other hand, should he turn against the party 
whicii had elected him and select a cabinet in har- 
n.ony with himself, and which would oppose all those 
views which the Whigs deemed essential to the pub- 
lic welfare? This was his fearful dilemma. He in- 
vited the cabinet which President Hanrison had 
selected to retain their seats. He reccommended a 
day of fasting and prayer, that God would guide and 
bless us. 

The Whigs carried through Congress a bill for the 
incorporation of a fiscal bank of the United States. 
The President, after ten days' delay, returned it with 
his veto. He suagested. however, that he vvould 

approve of a bill drawn up upon such a plan as he 
proposed. Such a bill was accordingly prepared, and 
privately submitted to him. He gave it his approval- 
It was passed without alteration, and he sent it back 
with his veto. Here commenced the open rupture. 
It is said that Mr. Tyler was provoked to this meas- 
ure by a pubhshed letter from the Hon. John M. 
Botts, a distinguished Virginia Whig, who severely 
touched the pride of the President. 

The opposition now exultingly received the Presi- 
dent into their arms. The party which elected him 
denounced him bitteriy. AH the members of his 
cabinet, excepting Mr. Webster, resigned. The Whigs 
of Congress, both the Senate and the House, held a 
meeting and issued an address to the people of the 
United States, proclaiming that all political alliance 
Ijetween the Whigs and President Tyler were at 
an end. 

Still the President attempted to conciliate. He 
appointed a new cabinet of distinguished Whigs and 
Conservatives, carefully leaving out all strong party 
men. Mr. Webster soon found it necessary to resign, 
forced out by the pressure of his Whig friends. Thus 
the four years of Mr. Tyler's unfortunate administra- 
tion passed sadly away. No one was satisfied. The 
land was filled with murmurs and vituperation. Whigs 
and Democrats alike assailed him. More and more, 
however, he brought himself into sympathy with his 
old friends, the Democrats, until atthe close of his term, 
he gave his whole influence to the support of Mr. 
Polk, the Democratie candidate for his successor. 

On the 4th of March,- 1845, he retired from the 
harassments of office, to the regret of neither party, and 
probably to his own unspeakable relief. His first wife, 
Miss Letitia Christian, died in Washington, in 1842; 
and in June, 1844, President Tyler was again married, 
at New York, to Miss Julia Gardiner, a young lady of 
many personal and intellectual accomplishments. 

The remainder of his days Mr. Tyler passed mainly 
in retirement at his beautiful home, — Sherwood For- 
est, Chades-city Co., Va. A polished gentleman in 
his manners, richly furnished with mformation from 
books and experience in the world, and possessing 
brilliant powers of conversation, his family circle was 
the scene of unusual attractions. Witli sufficient 
means for the exercise of a generous hospitality, he 
might have enjoyed a serene old age with the few 
friends who gathered around him, were it not for the 
storms of civil war which his own principles and 
policy had helped to introduce. 

When the great Rebellion rose, which the State, 
rights and nullifying doctrines of Mr. John C. Ca\- 
houn had inaugurated. President Tyler renounced his 
allegiance to the United States, and joined the Confed- 
erates. He was chosen a memljer of their Congress; 
and while engaged in active measures to destroy, by 
force of amis, the Governtncnt over which he had 
once presided, he was taken sick and -0011 died. 




^sy^o^^^ ^c^ '.j^^^c 





\ A\[Fsk POLK, the eleventh 
^ijjPrebident of the United States, 
J wi>5 bom m Mecklenburg Co., 
J N (, , Nov 2, 1795. His par- 
ents were Samuel and Jane 
(kno\) Polk, the former a son 
of Col. Thomas Polk, who located 
\,M\ at the above place, as one of the 
first pioneers, in 1735. 

In the year 1S06, with his wife 
and children, and soon after fol- 
lowed by most of the members of 
the Polk famly, Samuel Polk emi- 
/| grated some two or three hundred 
miles farther west, to the rich valley 
of the Duck River. Here in the 
midst of the wilderness, in a region 
which was subsequently called Mau- 
ry Co., they reared their log huls, 
and established their homes. In the 
hard toil of a new farm in the wil- 
derness, James K. Polk spent the 
early years of his childhood and 
youth. His father, adding the pur- 
suit cf a surveyor to that of a farmer, 
' gradually increased in wealth until 

he became one of the leading men of the region. 1 lis 
mother was a superior woman, of strong (onunuii 
sense and earnest piety. 

Very early in life, James developed a taste for 
reading and expressed the strongest desire to obtain 
a lil)eral education. His mother's training had made 
him methodical in his habit;-., had taught him punct- 
uality and industry, and had inspired him with lofty 
principles of morality. His health was frail ; and his 
tither, fearing that he might not bi^ able to endure a 

^^^ K Ik. ^ «v TOt- 

sedentary life, got a situation for him behind the 
counter, hoping to fit him for commercial pursuits. 

This was to James a bitter disai)pointment. He 
had no taste for these duties, and his dail)- tasks 
were irksome in the extreme. He remained in this 
uncongenial occupation but a few weeks, when at his 
earnest solicitation his father removed him, and made 
arrangements for him to jirosecute his studies. Soon 
after he sent him to Murfreesboro Academy. With 
ardor which could scarcely be surpassed, he pressed 
forward in his studies, and in less than two and a half 
years, in the autumn of 1815, entered the sophomorej 
class in the University of North Carolina, at Chapell 
Hill. Here he was one of the most exemplary of 
scholars, punctual in every exercise, never allowing 
himself to be absent from a recitation or a religious 

He graduated in 1818, with the highest hgnors,be« 
ing deemed the best scholar of his class, both in 
mathematics and the classics. He was then twenty- 
three years of age. Mr. Polk's health was at this 
time much impaired by the assiduity with which he 
had prosecuted his studies. After a short season of 
relaxation he went to Nashville, and entered the 
office of Felix Crrundy, to study law. Here Nfr. Polk 
renewed his acquaintance with Andrew Jackson, who 
resided on his plantation, the Hermitage, but a few 
miles from Nashville. They had jiroliably been 
slightly acquainted before. 

Mr. Polk's father was a Jeffersonian Republican, 
and James K. Polk ever adhered to the same politi- 
cal faith. He was a popular jniblic speaker, and was 
constantly called u])on to address the meetings of his 
[larty friends. His skill as a speaker was sticli that 
he was popularly called the Napoleon of ihc stump. 
He was a man of unblemished morals, genial and 


:ourtervis in his bearing, and with that sympathetic 
nature in the jojs and griefs of others which ever gave 
him troops of friends. In 1823, Mr. Polk was elected 
to the Legislature of Tennessee. Here he gave his 
strong influence towards the election of his friend, 
)Mr. Jackso:i, to the Presidency of the United States. 

In January, 1824, Mr. Polk married Miss Sarah 
Childress, of Rutherford Co., Tenn. His bride was 
altogether worthy of him, — a lady of beauty and cul- 
ture. In the fall of 1825, Mr. Polk was chosen a 
member of Congress. The satisfaction which he gave 
to liis consrituents may be inferred from the fact, that 
for fourteen successive years, until 1839, he was con- 
tinuec' in that office. He then voluntarily withdrew, 
only ihat lie might accept the Gubernatorial chair 
of 'lonnessee. In Congress he was a laborious 
member, a frequent and a popular speaker. He was 
always in his seat, always courteous ; and whenever 
he spoke it was always to the point, and without any 
ambitious rhetorical display. 

During five sessions of Congress, Mr. Polk was 
Speaker of the House. Strong passions were roused, 
and stormy scenes were witnessed ; but Mr Polk per- 
formed his arduous duties to a very general satisfac- 
'tion, and a unanimous vote of thanks to him was 
passed by the Hoiuie as he withdrew on the 4th of 
March, 1839. 

In accordance with Southern usage, Mr. Polk, as a 
candidate for Governor, canvassed the State. He was 
elected by a large majority, and on the 14th of Octo- 
ber, 183P, took the oath of office at Nashville. In 1841, 
his term of office expired, and he was again the can- 
didate of the Democratic party, but was defeated. 

On the 4th of March, 1845, Mr. Polk was inaugur- 
ated President of the United States. The verdict of 
the countryin favor of the annexation of Texas, exerted 
its influence upon Congress ; and the last act of the 
administration of President Tyler was to affix his sig- 
nature to a joint resolution of Congress, passed on the 
3d of March, approving of the annexation of Texas to 
the American Union. As Mexico still claimed Texas 
as one of her provinces, the Mexican minister, 
Almonte, immediately demanded his passports and 
iJeft the country, declaring the act of the annexation 
to be an act hostile to Mexico. 

In his first message. President Polk urged that 
Texas should immediately, by act of Congress, be re- 
ceived into the Union on the same footing with tlie 
other States. In the meantime, Gen. Taylor was sent 

with an army into Texas to hold the country. He was 
sent first to Nueces, which the Mexicans said was the 
western boundary of Texas. Then he was sent nearly 
two hundred miles further west, to the Rio Grande, 
where he erected batteries which commanded the 
Mexican city of Matamoras, which was situated on 
the western banks. 

The anticipated collision soon took place, and wai 
was declared against Mexico by President Polk. The 
war was pushed forward by Mr. Polk's administration 
with great vigor. Gen. Taylor, whose army was first 
called one of " observation," then of "occupation," 
then of " invasion, "was sent forward to Monterey. The 
feeble Mexicans, in every encounter, were hopelessly 
ana awfully slaughtered. The day of judgement 
alone can reveal the misery which this war caused. 
It v/as by the ingenuity of Mr. Polk's administration 
that the war was brought on. 

'To the victors belong the spoils." Mexico was 
prostrate before us. Her capital was in our hands. 
We now consented to peace upon the condition that 
Mexico should surrender to us, in addition to Texas, 
all of New Mexico, and all of Upper and Lower Cal- 
ifornia. This new demand embraced, exclusive of 
Texas, eight hundred thousand square miles. This 
was an extent of territory equal to nine States of the 
size of New York. Thus slavery was securing eighteen 
majestic States to be added to the Union. There were 
some Americans who thought it all right : there were 
others who thought it all wrong. In the prosecution 
of this war, we expended twenty thousand lives and 
more than a hundred million of dollars. Of this 
money fifteen millions were paid to Mexico. 

On the 3d of March, 1849, Mr. Polk retired from 
office, having served one term. The next day was 
Sunday. On the 5th, Gen. Taylor was inaugurated 
as his successor. Mr Polk rode to the Capitol in the 
same carriage with Gen. Taylor; and the same even- 
ing, with Mrs. Polk, he commenced his return to 
Tennessee. He was then but fifty-four years of age. 
He had ever been strictly temperate in all his habits, 
and his health was good. With an ample fortune, 
a choice library, a cultivated mind, and domestic ties 
of the dearest nature, it seemed as though long years 
of tranquility and happiness were before him. But the 
cholera — that fearful scourge — was then sweeping up 
tlie Valley of the Mississijjpi. This he contracted, 
and died on the 15th of June, 1849, in the fiftv-fourth 
year of his age, greatly mourned by his countrymen. 


:^yii^ >y y^^^^t^^ 

l ^^y 




President of the United Slates, 
'uab born on the 24tli of Nov., 
'{ 1784, m Orange Co., Va. His 
a father. Colonel Taylor, was 
a Virginian of note, and a dis- 
tinguished patriot and soldier of 
the Revolution. When Zachary 
v,\\s an infant, his father with his 
wife and two children, emigrated 
to Kentucky, where he settled in 
the pathless wilderness, a few 
miles from Louisville. In this front- 
home, away from civilization and 
its refinements, young Zachary 
could enjoy but few social and educational advan- 
tages. When six years of age he attended a common 
school, and was then regarded as a bright, active boy, 
ratlier remarkable for bluntness and decision of char- 
acter He was strong, fcailess and self-reliant, and 
manifested a strong desire to enter the army to fight 
Uic Indians who were ravaging the frontiers. There 
is little to be recorded of the uneventful years of his 
childliood u;i his father's large but lonely plantation. 
In 1808, his father succeeded in obtaining for him 
the commission of lieutenant in the United States 
army ; and he joined the troops which were stationed 
at New Orleans under Gen. Wilkinson. Soon after 
this he married Miss Margaret Sniitli, a young lady 
f^rom one of the first families of .Maryland. 

Immediately after the declaration of war with Eng- 
land, in 1812, Capt. Taylor (for he had then been 
promoted to that rank) was put in command of Fort 
Harrison, on the Wabash, about fifty miles above 
Vincennes. This fort had been built in the wilder- 
ness by Gen. Harrison, on his march to Tippecanoe. 
It was one of the first points of attack by the Indians, 
"led liy Tecumseh. Its garrison consisted of a broken 

company of infantry numbering fifty men, many of 
whom were sick. 

Karly in the autumn of 1812, the Indians, stealthily, 
and in large numbers, moved upon the fort. Their 
a[)proach was first indicated by the murder of two 
soldiers just outside of the stockade. Capt. Taylor 
made every possible preparation to meet the antici- 
pated assault. On the 4th of Sei)tember, a band of 
forty painted and plumed savages came to the fort, 
waving a white flag, and informed Capt. Taylor that 
in tlie morning their chief would come to h.ivc a talk 
with him. It was evident that their object was merely 
to ascertain the state of tilings at the fort, and Capt. 
Taylor, well versed in the wiles of the savages, kept 
them at a distance. 

The sun went down ; the savages disappeared, the 
garrison slept npon their arms. One hour before 
midnight the war whoop burst from a thousand lips 
in the forest around, followed by the discharge of 
musketry, and the rush of the foe. Every man, sick 
and well, sprang to his post. Every man knew that 
defeat was not merely death, but in the case of cap- 
ture, death by the most agonizing and prolonged tor- 
ture. No pen can describe, no immagination can 
conceive the scenes which ensued. The savages suc- 
ceeded in setting lire to one of the block-houses- 
Until si.x o'clock in the morning, this awful conflict 
continued. The savages then, baffled at every point, 
and gnashing their teeth with rage, retired. Capt. 
Taylor, for this gallant defence, was promoted to the 
rank of major by brevet. 

Until the close of the war, Major Taylor was placed 
in such situations that he saw but little more of active 
service. He was sent far away into the depths of the 
wilderness, to Fort Crawford, on Fox River, which 
empties into Green Bay. Here there was but little 
to be done but to wear away the tedious hours as one 
best could. There were no books, no society, no in- 



tellectual stimulus. Thus with him the uneventful 
years rolled on' Gradually he rose to the rank of 
colonel. In the Black-Hawk war, which resulted in 
the capture of that renowned chieftain, Col Taylor 
took a subordinate but a brave and efficient part. 

For twenty -four years Col. Taylor was engaged in 
the defence of the frontiers, in scenes so remote, and m 
Employments so obscure, that his name was unknown 
"beyond the limits of his own immediate acquaintance. 
,In the year 1836, he was sent to Florida to compel 
the Seminole Indians to vacate that region and re- 
tire beyond the Mississippi, as their chiefs by treaty, 
iiac' promised they should do. The services rendered 
iie.c secured for Col. Taylor the high appreciation of 
ihe Government; and as a reward, he was elevated 
ic .he rank of brigadier-general by brevet ; and soon 
after, in May, 1838, was appointed to the chief com- 
iiand of the United States troops in Florida. 

After two years of such wearisome employment 
imidst the everglades of the peninsula. Gen. Taylor 
)btained, at his own request, a change of command, 
ind was stationed over the Department of the South- 
west. This field embraced Louisiana, Mississippi, 
Alabama and Georgia. Establishing his headquarters 
itl Fort Jessup, in Louisiana, he removed his family 
\ii a plantation which he purchased, near Baton Rogue. 
IL.-re he remained for five years, buried, as it were, 
fic.m the world, but faithfully discharging every duty 
jn\posed upon him. 

In 1846, Gen. Taylor was sent to guard the land 
tx'tween the Nueces and Rio Grande, the latter river 
being the boundary of Texas, which was then claimed 
■by the United States. Soon the war with Me.\ico 
w;„5 brought on, and at Palo Alto and Resaca de la 
Palma, Gen. Taylor won brilliant victories over the 
Mi;xicans. The rank of major-general by jjrevet 
•Aas then conferred upon Gen. Taylor, and his name 
was received with enthusiasm almost everywhere in 
tli'j Nation. Then came the battles of Monterey and 
E uena Vista in which he won signal victories over 
f( ices much larger than he commanded. 

His careless habits of dress and his unaffected 
■ii/nplicity, secured for Gen. Taylor among his troops, 
••I e sobriquet of " Old Roivgh and Ready.' 

Tne tidings of the brilliant victory of Buena Vista 
:)iread tlie wildest enthusiasm over the country. The 
n.ime of Gen. Taylor was on every one's lips. The 
H hig party decided to take advantage of this wonder- 
fu( popularity in bringing forward the unpolished, un- 

■ "'■ed, honest soldier as their candidate for the 
I'/Csidency. Gen. Taylor was astonished at the au- 
nt uncement, and for a time would not listen to it; de- 
ckiringthat he was not at al! qualified for such an 
oft ice. So little interest had he taken in jjolitics that, 
foi forty years, he had not cast a vote. It was not 
wnhout chagrin that several distinguished statesmen 
v/lio had been long years in tlie public service found 
■i.jir claims set aside in behalf of one whose name 

had never been heard of, save in connection with Palo 
Alto, Resaca de la Palma, Monterey and Buena 
Vista. It is said that Daniel Webster, in his haste re- 
marked, " It is a nomination not fit to be made." 

Gen. Taylor was not an eloquent speaker nor a fine 
writer His friends took possession of him, and pre- 
pared such few communications as it was needful 
should be presented to the public. The popularity of 
the successful warrior swept the land. He was tri- 
umphantly elected over two opposing candidates, — 
Gen. Cass and E.x-President Martin Van Buren. 
Though he selected an excellent cabinet, che good 
old man found himself in a very uncongenial position, 
and was, at times, sorely perplexed and harassed. 
His mental sufferings were very severe, and probably 
tended to hasten his death. The pro-slavery party 
was pushing its claims with tireless energy , expedi- 
tions were fitting out to capture Cuba ; California was 
pleading for admission to the Union, while slavery 
stood at the door to bar her out. Gen. Taylor found 
the political conflicts in Washington to be far more 
trying to the nerves than battles with Mexicans or 

In the midst of all these troubles. Gen. Taylor, 
after he had occupied the Presidential chair but liitle 
over a year, took cold, and after a brief sickness of 
but little over five days, died on the 9th of July, 1850. 
His last words were, " I am not afraid to die. I am 
ready. I have endeavored to do my duty." He died 
universally respected and beloved. An honest, un- 
pretending man, he had been steadily growing in the 
affections of the people; and the Nation bitterly la- 
mented his death. 

Gen. Scott, who was thoroughly acquainted with 
Gen. Taylor, gave the following graphic and truthful 
description of his character: — " With a good store of 
common sense, Gen. Taylor's mind had not been en- 
larged and refreshed by reading, or much converse 
with the world. Rigidity of ideas was the conse- 
quence. The frontiers and small military posts had 
been his home. Hence he was quite ignorant for his 
rank, and quite bigoted in his ignorance. "His sim- 
plicity was child-like, and with innumerable preju- 
dices, amusing and incorrigible, well suited to the 
tender age. Thus, if a man, however respectable, 
chanced to wear a coat of an unusual color, or his hat 
a little on one side of his head ; or an officer to leave 
a corner of his handkerchief dangling from an out- 
side pocket, — in any such case, this critic held the 
olTender to be a coxcomb (perhaps something worse), 
whom he would not, to use his oft repeated jilirase, 
'touch with a pair of tongs.' 

"Any allusion to literature beyond good old Dil- 
worth's spelling-book, on the part of one wearing a 
sword, was evidence, with the same judge, of utter 
unfitness for heavy marchings and combats. In short 
few men have ever had a more comfortari-, *''>^it. 
saving contempt for learning of every kind.'' 

c/^,4- f/ JCG^i^i^cxTu) 





^■ffllLLARn FILLMnRE.'^ I 


iceiith Presidentof the United 
•^'^ Mates, was born at Summer 
Hill, Cayuga Co., N. Y ., on 
the 7th of January, 1800. His 
father was a farmer, and ow- 
ing to misfortune, in humble cir- 
( umstances. Of his mother, the 
daugliter of Dr. Abiathar Millard, 
of Pittsfield, Mass., it has been 
said that she [Xissessed an intellect 
of very liigh order, united with much 
personal loveliness, sweetness of dis- 
posit'on, graceful manners and ex- 
quisite sensibilities. -She died in 
1831 ; having lived to see her son a 
' young man of distinguished prom- 
ise, though she was not permitted to witness the high 
dignity which he finally attained. 

In consequence of the secludeil home ar.d limited 
■neans of his father, Millard enjoyed but slender ad- 
-intages for education in his early years. The com- 
mon schools, which he occasionally attended were 
verv imperfect institutions; and books were scarce 
;.iid expensive. There was nothing then in his char- 
acter to indicate the brilliant career upon which he 
w IS about to enter. He was a plain farmer's boy; 
i;itellige'it, good-looking, kind-hearted. The sacred 
influences of home had taught him to revere the Bible, 
and had laid the foundations of an upright character. 
\Vhen fourteen years of age, bis father sent him 
some hundred miles from home, to the then wilds of 
Livingston County, to learn the trade of a clothier. 
Neui lilt- mill there was a small villiage, where some 

enterprising man had commenced the collection of a 
village library. This proved an inestimable blessing 
to young Fillmore. His evenings were si)ent in read- 
ing. Soon every leisure moment wns occupied with 
books. His thirst for knowledge became insatiate 
and the selections which he made were continually 
more elevating and instructive. He read history, 
biography, oratory, and thus gradually there was en- 
kindled in his heart a desire to be something more 
than a mere worker witli his hands; and lie was be- 
coming, almost unknown lo himself, \\ well-informed 
educated man. 

The young clothier had now attained the age ol 
nineteen years, and was of fine [lersonal apiiearance 
and of gentlemanly demeanor. It so happened tha" 
there was a gentleman in the neighborhood of ain[)lt 
pecuniary means and of benevolence, — Jndge Walter 
^V■ood, — who was struck with the prepossessing ap- 
pearance of young Fillmore. He made hisacipiaint- 
ance, and was so much impressed with his ability and 
attainments that he advised him to abandon his 
trade and devote himself to the study of the law. The 
young man replied, that he had no means of his own. 
no friends to help him and that his previous educa- 
tion had been very imperfect. But Judge Wood hail 
so much confidence in him that he kindly offered to 
take him into his own office, and to loan him such 
money as he needed. Most gratefully the generous 
offer was accepted. 

There is in many minds a strange delusion about' 
a collegiate education. K young man is supposed to 
be liberally educated if he has graduated at some col- 
lege. But many a boy loiters through university h^:"" 
Hnd then enters a law office, who is by no means as 


well prepared to prosecute his legal studies as was 
Millard Fillmore when he graduated at the clothing- 
mill at the end of four years of manual labor, during 
which every leisure moment had been devoted to in- 
tense mental culture. 

In 1823, when twenty-three years of age, he v/as 
admitted to the Court of Common Pleas. He then 
went to the village of Aurora, and commenced the 
practice of law. In this secluded, peaceful region, 
his practice of course was limited, and there was no 
opportunity for a sudden rise in fortune or in fame. 
Here, in the year 1826, he married a lady of great 
moral worth, and one capable of adorning any station 
she might be called to fill, — Miss Abigail Powers. 

His elevation of character, his untiring industry, 
his legal acquirements, and his skill as an advocate, 
gradually attracted attention ; and he was invited to 
enter into partnership under highly advantageous 
circumstances, with an elder member of the bar in 
Buffalo. Just before removing to Buffalo, in 1829, 
he took his seat in the House of Assembly, of the 
State of New York, as a representative from Erie 
County. Though he had never taken a very active 
part in politics, his vote and his sympathies were with 
the Whig party. The State was then Democratic, 
and he found himself in a helpless minority in the 
Legislature , still the testimony comes from all parties, 
that ills courtesy, ability and integrity, won, to a very 
unusual degn e the respect of his associates. 

In the autumn of 1832, he was elected to a seat in 
the United States Congress He entered that troubled 
arena in some of the most tumultuous hours of our 
national history. The great conflict respecting the 
national bank and the removal of the deposits, was 
then raging. 

His term of two years closed ; and he returned to 
his profession, which he pursued with increasing rep- 
utation and success. After a lapse of two years 
he again became a candidate for Congress ; was re- 
elected, and took his seat in 1837; His past expe- 
rience as a representative gave him stKngth and 
confidence. The first term of service in Congress to 
any man can be but little more than an introduction. 
He was now prepared for active duty. All his ener- 
gies were brought to bear ujMn the public good. Every 
measure received his impress. 

Mr. Fillmore was now a man of wide repute, and 
his popularity filled the State, and in the year 1847, 
he was elected Comptroller of the State. 

Mr. Fillmore had attained the age of forty-seven 
years. His labors at the bar, in the Legislature, in 
Congress and as Comptroller, had given him very con- 
siderable fame. The Whigs were casting about to 
find suitable candidates for President and Vice-Presi- 
dent at the approaching election. Far away, on thei 
waters of the Rio Grande, there was a rough old 
soldier, who had fought one or two successful battles 
with the Mexicans, which had caused his name to be 
proclaimed in tiumpet-tones all over the land. But 
it was necessary to associate with him on the same 
ticket some man of reputation as a statesman. 

Under the influence of these considerations, the 
names of Zachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore became 
the rallying-cry of the Whigs, as their candidates for 
President and Vice-Peesident. The Whig ticket was 
signally triumphant. On the 4th of March, 1849, 
Gen. Taylor was inaugurated President, and Millard 
Fillmore Vice-President, of the LInited States. 

On the 9th of July, 1850, President Taylor, but 
about one year and four months after his inaugura 
tion, was suddenly taken sick and died. By the Con- 
stitution, Vice-President Fillmore thus became Presi- 
dent. He appointed a very able cabinet, of which 
the illustrious Daniel Webster was Secretary of State. 

Mr. Fillmore had very serious difficulties to contend 
with, since the opposition had a majority in both 
Houses. He did everything in his power to conciliate 
the South; but the pro-slavery party in the South felt 
the inadequacy of all measuresof transient conciliation. 
The population of the free States was so rapidly in- 
creasing over that of the slave States that it was in- 
evitable that the power of the Government should 
soon pass into the hands of the free States. The 
famous compromise measures were adopted under Mr. 
Fillmtre's adminstration, and the Japan Expedition 
was sent out. On the 4th of March, 1853, Mr. Fill- 
more, having served one term, retired. 

In 1856, Mr. Fillmore was nominated for the Pres- 
idency by the " Know Nothing " party, but was beaten 
by Mr. Buchanan. After that Mr. Fillmore lived in 
retirement. During the terrible conflict of civil war, 
he was mostly silent. It was generally supposed that 
his sympathies were rather with those who were en- 
deavoring to overthrow our institutions. President 
Fillmore kept aloof from the conflict, without any 
cordial words of cheer to the one party or the other. 
He was thus forgotten by both. He lived to a ripe 
old age, and died in Buffalo. N. Y,, March 8, 1874. 

,^^//^M^^ M' 



<sv;g(5^)>ci,^ , 


mrteeiith President of the 
L nited States, was born in 
Isborough, N. H., Nov. 
^ 5, 1804. His father was a 
Kevohuionary soldier, who, 
wuh his own strong arm, 
liewed out a home in the 
wilderness. He was a man 
of inflexible integrity; of 
strong, though uncultivated 
mnid, and an uncom|)romis- 
ing Democrat. The mother of 
Franklin Pierce was all that a son 
could desire, — an intelligent, pru- 
dent, affectionate. Christian wom- 
an. Franklin was the sixth of eight children. 

Franklin was a very bright and handsome boy, gen- 
erous, warm-hearted and brave. He won alike the 
love of old and young. The boys on the play ground 
loved him. His teachers loved him. The neighbors 
looked upon him with i)ride and affection. He was 
by instinct a gentleman; always speaking kind words, 
doing kind deeds, with a peculiar unstudied tact 
'which taught him what was agreeable. Without de- 
veloping any precocity of genius, or any unnatural 
devoiion to books, he was a good scholar; in body, 
in mind, in affections, a finely-developed boy. 

When sixteen years of age, in the year 1820, he 
entered Bowdoin College, at Brunswick, Me He was 
one of the most ]X)pular young men in the college. 
'The ])nrity cf his moral character, the unvarying 
■jourtesy of his demeanor, his rank as a scholar, and 


nature, rendered hmi a universal favorite. 
There was something very [)eculiarly winning in his 
address, and it was evidently not in the slightest de- 
gree studied : it was the simple outgushing of his 
own magnanimous and loving nature. 

Upon graduating, in the year 1824, Franklin Pierce 
commenced the study of law in the office of Judge 
\Voodhury, one of the most distinguislied lawyers of 
the State, and a man of great private worth. 'Ch.: 
eminent social qualities of the young lawyer, his 
father's prominence as a public man, and the brilliant 
political career into which Judge Woodbury was en- 
tering, all tended to entice Mr. Pierce into the faci- 
nating yet perilous path of political life. With all 
the ardor of his nature he espoused the cause of Gen. 
Jackson for the Presidency. He commenced the 
practice of law in Hillsborough, and was soon elected 
to represent the town in the State Legislature. Here 
he served for four yeais. The last two years he was 
chosen sj^eaker of the house by a very large vote. 

In 1833, at the age of twenty-nine, he was elected 
a member of Congress. Without taking an active 
part in debates, he was faithful and laborious in duty 
and ever rising in the estimation of those with whom 
he was associatad. 

In 1837, being then but thirty-three years of age, 
he was elected to the Senate of the United States; 
taking liis seat just as Mr. Van Buren commenced 
his administration. He was the youngest member in 
the Senate. In the year 1834, lie married Miss Jane 
Means Appleton, a lady of rare beauty and accom- 
plishments, and one admirably fitted to adorn every 
station with wiiich her husliand was honored. Of the 


three sons who were born to them, all now sleep with 
their parents in the grave. 

In the year 1838, Mr. Pierce, with growing fame 
and increasing business as a lawyer, took up his 
residence in Concord, the capital of New Hampshire. 
President Polk, upon his accession to office, appointed 
Mr. Pierce attorney-general of the United States ; but 
the offer was declined, in consequence of numerous 
professional engagements at home, and the precariuos 
state of Mrs. Pierce's health. He also, about the 
same time declined the nomination for governor by the 
Democratic party. The war with Mexico called Mr. 
Pierce in the army. Receiving the appointment of 
brigadier-general, he embarked, with a portion of his 
troops, at Newport, R. I., on the 27th of May, 1847. 
He took an important part in this war, proving him- 
self a brave and true soldier. 

When Gen. Pierce reached his home in his native 
State, he was received enthusiastically by the advo- 
cates of the Mexican war, and coldly by his oppo- 
nents. He resumed the practice of his profession, 
very frequently taking an active part in political ques- 
tions, giving his cordial support to the pro-slavery 
wing of the Democratic party. The compromise 
measures met cordially with his approval; and he 
fetrenuously advocated the enforcement of the infa- 
inous fugitive-slave law, which so shocked the religious 
l^ensibilities of the North. He thus became distin- 
guished as a " Northern man with Southern principles.'' 
The strong partisans of slavery in the South conse- 
quently regarded him as a man vi'hom they could 
iafely trust in office to carry out their plans. 

On the 12th of June, 1852, the Democratic conven- 
tion met in Baltimore to nominate a candidate for the 
Presidency. For four days they continued in session, 
and in thirty-five ballotings no one had obtained a 
two-thirds vote. Not a vote thus far had been thrown 
for Gen. Pierce. Then the Virginia delegation 
brought forward his name. There were fourteen 
more ballotings, during which Gen. Pierce constantly 
gained strength, until, at the forty-ninth ballot, he 
received two hundred and eighty-two votes, and all 
other candidates eleven. Gen. Winfield Scott was 
the Whig candidate. Gen. Pierce was chosen with 
great unanimity. Only four States — Vermont, Mas- 
sachusetts, Kentucky and Tennessee — cast their 
electoral votes against him Gen. Franklin Pierce 
was therefore inaugurated President of the United 
States on the 4th of March, 1853. 

His administration proved one of the most stormy our 
country had ever experienced. The controversy be 
tween slavery and freedom was then approaching its 
culminating point It became evident that there was 
an " irrepressible conflict " between them, and that 
this Nation could not long exist " half slave and half 
free." President Pierce, during the whole of his ad- 
ministration, did every thing he could to conciliate 
the South ; but it was all in vain. The conflict every 
year grew more violent, and threats of the dissolution 
of the Union were borne to the North on every South- 
ern breeze. 

Such was the condition of affairs when President 
Pierce approached the close of his four-years' term 
of office. The North had become thoroughly ;ilien- 
ated from him. The anti-slavery, goaded 
by great outrages, had been rapidly increasing; all 
the intellectual ability and social worth of President 
Pierce were forgotten in deep reprehension of his ad- 
ministrative acts. The slaveholders of the South, also, 
unmindful of the fidelity with which he had advo- 
cated those measures of Government which they ap- 
proved, and perhaps, also, feeling that he had 
rendered himself so unpopular as no longer to be 
able acceptably to serve them, ungratefully dropped 
him, and nominated James Buchanan to succeed him. 

On the 4th of March, 1857, President Pierce re- 
tired to his home in Concord. Of three children, two 
had died, and his only surviving child had been 
killed before his eyes by a railroad accident ; and his 
wife, one of the most estimable and accomplished of 
ladies, was rapidly sinking in consumption. The 
hour of dreadful gloom soon came, and he was left 
alone in the world, without wife or child. 

When the terrible Rebellion burst forth, which di- 
vided our country into two parties, and two only, Mr. 
Pierce remained steadfast in the principles which he 
had always cherished, and gave his sympathies to 
that pro-slavery party with which he had ever been 
allied. He declined to do anything, either by voicp 
or pen, to strengthen the hand of the National Gov- 
ernment. He continued to reside in Concord until 
the time of his death, which occurred in October, 
1869. He was one of the most genial and social of 
men, an honored communicant of the Episcopal 
Church, and one of the kindest of neighbors. Gen 
erous to a fault, he contributed liberally for the al- 
leviation of suffering and want, and many of his towns- 
people were often gladened by his material bounty. 

'Zl y7?^J c^ cPu/r /i^^/^ ^/^(/ 


L -*m, >- 

- -), \ \ '.^i"..'i'i.1| •<.H'V<«r«'„ii"r.»i'V 'r ', 

' ,' .' -i' •ifrv.*v.'*i>."i' •■•■,> -i' • ,> ,> 

1 J-AMU'fS 


V ' >' i' .'i' ;i< .■i'>*v.."'i'»'n"«.'v<,;>" i' i' i' 1 'i '■ . 'i 'i . '■ . 'i 'i 'i 'i 'i 'i 't 'i 



\MES BUCHANAN, the fif- 
.nth President of the United 
StitLs, was horn in a small 
tioiitier luwn, at the lootot the 
eastern ridi;e of the Allegha- 
nies, in FrankHnCo., I'enn.,on 
the 23d of April, 1791. The ;4ace 
where the humble cabin of his 
lither stood was called Stony 
Batter It was a wild and ro- 
mantic spot in a goriicof the moun- 
taii's, with towering summits rising 
grandl> all around. His father 
was a- ative of tlie north of Ireland; 
a poor man, who had emigrated in 
1783, with little property save his 
own strong arms. Five years afterwards he married 
Elizabeth Si)ear, the daughter of a respectable farmer, 
and, with his young bride, plunged into the wikler- 
ness, slaked his claim, reared his log-hut, opened a 
clearing with his axe, and settled down there to per- 
form his obscure part in the drama of life. In this se- 
cluded home, where James was born, he remained 
for eight years, enjoying but few social or intellectual 
advantages. When James was eight years of age, his 
father removed to the village of Mercersburg, where 
his son was placed at school, and commenced a 
course of study in English, Latin and Greek. His 
l)rogress was rapid, and at the age of fourteen, he 
entered Dickinson College, at Carlisle. Here he de- 
veloped remarkable talent, and took his stand among 
the first scholars in the institution. His application 
to study was intense, and yet his nati-'e powers en- 

of Lancaster, 
when he was 
lidly he rose 
sputed stand 

abled him to master the most abstruse subjects wi - 

In the year 1809, lie graduated with the highes' 
honors of his clas:,. He was then eighteer. years ol 
age; tall and graceful, vigorous in health, fond of 
athletic sport, an unerring shot, and enlivened with 
an exuberant flow of animal spirits. He immediately 
commenced the study of law in the ci 
and was admitted to the bar in 1812 
but twenty-one years "f age. Very 
in his profession, and at once took lu 
with the ablest lawyers of the State. When but 
twenty-six years of age, unaided by counsel, he suc- 
cessfully defended before the State Senate ore of tin 
judges of the State, who was tried upon articles 01 
impeachment. .At the age of thirty it was generallv 
admitted that he stood at the head of the bar; am' 
there was no lawyer in the State who ha<l a more bi- 
crative practice. 

In 1820, he reluctantly consented to run as s 
candidate for Congress. He was elected, and fo' 
ten years he remained a member of the Lower House 
During the vacations of Congress, he occasional! > 
tried some important case. In 1831. he retired 
altogether from the toils of his profession, having ac- 
quired an ample fortune. 

Gen. Jackson, upon hiselevation toihe I'resuleni . 
appointed Mr. Buchanan minister to Russia. 'I Ik 
duties of his mission he performed with ability, whicl, 
gave satisfaction to all ])arties. Upon iu^ return, ii 
1833, he was elected to a seat in the Lnitetl .States 
Senate. He there met, as his associates, Wel.sict. 
Clay, Wright and Calhoun. He advo-ated tl'.e meas- 
ures prop'osedby President Jackson, of iv iking repn- 



sals against France, to enforce the payment of our 
claims against that country; and defended the 
course of the President in his unprecedented and 
wholesale removal from office of those who were 
not the supporters of his administration. Upon 
tills question he was brought into direct collision 
with Henry Clay. He also, with voice and vote, ad- 
vocated expunging from the journal of the Senate 
the vote of censure against Gen. Jackson for remov- 
ing the deposits. Earnestly he opposed the aboli- 
tion of slavery in the District of Columbia, and 
urged the prohibition of the circulation of anti- 
slaverj^ documents by the United States mails. 

As to petitions on the subject of slavery, he ad- 
vocated that they should be respectfully received; 
and that the reply should be returned, that Con- 
gress had no power to legislate upon the subject. 
"Congress," said he, "might as well undertake to 
interfere with slavery under a foreign government 
as in any of the States wliere it now exists." 

Upon Mr. Polk's accession to the Presidency, Mr. 
Buchanan became Secretary of State, and as such, 
took his share of the responsibility in the conduct 
of the Mexican "War. Mr. Polk assumed that cross- 
ing the Nueces by the American troops into the 
disputed territory was not wrong, but for the Mex- 
icans to cross the Rio Grande into that territory 
was a declaration of war. No candid man can read 
with pleasure the account of the course our Gov- 
ernment pursued in that movement. 

Mr. Buchanan identified himself thoroughly with 
the party devoted to tlie perpetuation and extension 
of slavery, and brought all the energies of his mind 
to bear against the Wilmot Proviso. He gave his 
cordial approval to the compromise measures of 
1850, which included the fugitive slave law. Mr. 
Pierce, upon his election to the Presidency, hon- 
ored Mr. Buchanan with the mission to England. 

In the year 1856, a national Democratic conven- 
tion nominated Mr. Buchanan for the Presidency. 
The political conflict was one of the most severe 
in which our country has ever engaged. All the 
friends of slavery were on pne side; all the advo- 
cates of its restriction and final abolition on the 
other. Mr. Fremont, the candidate of tlie enemies 
of slaver}^, received 114 electoral votes. J\Ir. Bu- 
chanan received 1 74, and was elected. The popular 
vote .stood 1,. 340,6 18 for Fremont, 1,224,750 for 
Buchanan. On March 4, 1857, Mr. Buchanan was 

Mr. Buchanan was far advanced in life. Only 
four years were wanting to fill up his three-score 
years and ten. His own friends, those with whom 
he had been allied in political principles and action 
for 3'ears, were seeking the destruction of the Gov- 
ernment, that they might rear upon the ruins of our 
free institutions a nation whose corner-stone should 

be human slavery. In this emergency, IVIr. Bu- 
chanan was hopelessly bewildered. He could not, 
with his long-avowed principles, consistently op- 
])osethe State-rights party in their assumptions. As 
President of the United States, bound by his oath 
faithfully to administer the laws, he could not, 
without perjury of the grossest kind, unite with 
those endeavoring to overthrow the Republic. He 
therefore did nothing. 

The opponents of Mr. Buchanan's administration 
nominated Abraham Lincoln as their standard- 
bearer in the next Presidential canvass. The pro- 
slavery party declared that if he were elected and 
the control of the Government were thus taken from 
their hands they would secede from the Union, tak- 
ing with them as they retired the National Capi- 
tol at Washington and the lion's share of the ter- 
ritory of the United States. 

As the storm increased- in violence, the slave- 
holders, claiming the right to secede, and Mr. Bu- 
chanan avowing that Congress had no power to 
prevent it, one of the most pitiable exhibitions of 
governmental imbecility was exhibited the world 
has ever seen. He declared that Congress had no 
power to enforce its laws in any State which had 
withdrawn, or which was attempting to withdraw, 
from the Union. This was not the doctrine of An- 
drew Jackson, when, with his hand upon his sword- 
hilt, he exclaimed. "The Union must and shall be 

South Carolina seceded in December, 1860, nearly 
three months before the inauguration of President 
Lincoln. Mr. Buchanan looked on in listless de- 
spair. The rebel flag was raised in Charleston; Ft. 
Sumter was besieged; our forts, navy-3'ards and 
arsenals were seized; our depots of military stores 
were plundered; and our custom-houses and post- 
offices were appropriated by the rebels. 

The energy of the rebels and the imbecility of 
our Executive were alike marvelous. The nation 
looked on in agony, waiting for the slow weeks to 
glide away and close the administration, so ter- 
rible in its weakness. At length the long-looked- 
for hour of deliverance came, when Abraham Lin- 
coln was to receive the scepter. 

The administration of President Buchanan was 
certainly the most calamitous our country has ex- 
perienced. His best friends cannot recall it with 
pleasure. And still more deplorable it is for his 
fame, that in that dreadful conflict which rolled its 
billows of flame and blood over our whole land, no 
word came from his lips to indicate his wish that 
our country's banner should triumph over the flag 
of the Rebellion. He died at his Wheatland re- 
treat, June 1, 1868. 





# A ABRAHAM 1> -^X^; - XB^ m LINCOLN, !> •;> 






'\ IXtL 



I lilted States, was liorn in 

^@)\v ¥ "'"''" *-"°-' Ky- F*-'^- ■^' 

- -^-5 )1/3 1809. About the year 1780, a 
Ml m by the name of Abraham 
'•^ Lincobi left Virginia with his 
family and moved into the then 
wilds of Kentucky. Only two years 
after this emigration, still a young 
man, while working one day in a 
field, was stealthily approached by 
an Indian and shot dead. His widow 
was left in extreme poverty witli five 
'itlle children, three boys and two 
giiK Thomas, the youngest of the 
1)0} s, was four years of age at his 
father's death. This Thomas was 
the father of .Abraham Lincoln, the 
' Piesident of the United States 
whose name must henceforth fo^-ever be enrolled 
with the most prominent in the annals of our world. 
Of course no record has been kept of the life 
of one so lowly as Thomas Lincoln. He was among 
the poorest of the poor. His home was a wretched 
log-cabin; his food the coarsest and the meanest. 
Education he had none; he could never either read 
or write. As soon as he was able to do anything for 
himself, he was compelled to leave the cabin of his 
starving mother, and push out into the world, a fricnd- 
iess, wandering boy, seeking work. He hired him- 
self out, and thus silent the whole of his youth as a 
Ziborer in the fields of others. 

When twenty-eight years of age he buili a log- 
tabin of his own, and married Nancy Hanks, the 
daughter of another family of poor Kentucky emi- 
grants, who had also come from Virginia. Their 
second child was Abraham Lincoln, the subject of 
this sketch. The mother of Abraham was a noble 
woman, gentle, loving, ])ensive, created to adorn 
a palace, doomed to toil and pine, and die in a hovel. 
"All that I am, or hope to be," exclaims the grate- 
ful son " I owe to my angel-mother. 

When he was eight years of age, his father soUl his 

cabin and small farm, and moved to Indiana Whci-- 
two years later his motiier died. 

Abraham soon became the scribe of the uneducated 
community around him. He could not have had a 
better school than this to teach him to init thoughts 
into words. He also became an eager reader. 'I'he 
books he could obtain were few ; i)ut these he "eacJ 
and re-read until they were almost conimittc'^ tc 

As the years rolled on, the lot of this lowly family 
was the usual lot of humanity. Thrre were joys and 
griefs, weddings and funerals. Abraham's sisto 
Sarah, to whom he was tenderly attached, was mai 
ried when a child of but fourteen years of age, and 
soon died. The family was gradually scattered. M-- 
Thomas Lincoln sold out his si[uatter's claim 'n 1830 
and emigrated to Macon Co., 111. 

Abraham Lincoln was then twenty-one years of age+ 
With vigorous hands he aided his father in rearing 
another log-cabin. Abraham worked diligently at this 
until he saw the family comfortably settled, and theii 
small lot of enclosed prairie planted with corn, when 
he announced to his father his intention to leave 
home, and to go out into the world and seek his for- 
tune, little did he or his friends imagine how bril- 
liant that fortune was to be. He saw the value ol 
education and was intensely earnest to improve his 
mind to the utmost of his power. He saw the ruin 
which aident spirits were causing, and be( ame 
strictly temperate; refusing to allow a drop of intoxi- 
cating liquor to pass his lips. And he had read in 
God's word, "Thou shalt not take the name of th« 
Lord thy God in ■' a..;" and a profane expression ha 
was never heard to utter. Religion he revered. Hii 
morals were pure, and he was uncontaminated by a 
single vice. 

Young Abraham worked for a time as a hired lahora 
among the farmers. Then he went to Springfield 
where he was employed in building a large flat-boal 
In this he took a herd of swine, floated them dow^ 
the Sangamon to the Illinois, and thence by the Mis 
sissippi to New Orleans. Whati.-ver Abraham Lir 
coin undertook, he performed so faithfully as to giv» 
great satisfacticn to his employers. In this adven 



ture his employers were so well pleased, that upon 
his return tiiey placed a store and mill under his care. 

Ill 1832, at the outbreak of the Black Hawk war, he 
enlisted and was chosen captain of a company. He 
returned to Sangamon County, and although only 23 
years of age, was a candidate for the Legislature, but 
was defeated. He soon after received from Andrew 
lackson the appointmentof Postmaster of New Salem, 
His only post-office was his hat. All the letters he 
received he carried there ready to deliver to those 
he chanced to meet. He studied surveying, and soon 
made this his business. In 1834 he again became a 
candidate for the Legislature, and was elected Mr. 
Stuart, of Springfield, advised him to study law. He 
walked from New Salem to Springfield, borrowed of 
Mr. Stuart a load of books, carried them back and 
began his legal studies. When' the Legislature as- 
sembled he trudged on foot with his pack on his back 
one hundred miles to Vandalia, then the capital. In 
1836 he was re-elected to the Legislature. Here it 
was he first met Stephen A. Douglas. In 1839 he re- 
moved to Springfield and began the practice of law. 
His success with the jury was so great that he was 
coon engaged in almost every noted case in the circuit. 

In 1854 the great discussion began between Mr. 
Lincoln and Mr. Douglas, on the slavery question. 
In the organization of the Republican party in Illinois, 
in 1856, he took an active part, and at once became 
one of the leaders in that party. Mr. Lincoln's 
speeches in opposition to Senator Douglas in the con- 
test in iSsSforaseat in the Senate, form a most 
notable part of his history. The issue was on the 
slavery question, and he took the broad ground of 
he Declaration of Independence, that all men are 
created equal. Mr. Lincoln was defeated in this con- 
test, but won a far higher prize. 

The great Republican Convention met at Chicago 
on the i6th of June, i860. The delegates and 
strangers who crowded the city amounted to twenty- 
five thousand. An immense building called "The 
Wigwam," was reared to accommodate the Conven- 
tion. There were eleven candidates for whom votes 
were thrown. William H. Seward, a man whose fame 
as a statesman had long filled the land, was the most 
nrominent. It was generally supposed he would be 
the nominee. Abraham Lincoln, however, received 
the nomination on the third ballot. Little did he then 
dream of the weary years of toil and care, and the 
bloody death, to which that nomination doomed him: 
.uid aslittle did he dream that he was to vender services 
10 his country, which would fi.K upon him the eyes of 
the whole civilized world, and which would give him 
a place in the affections of his countrymen, second 
(,nly, if second, to that of Washington. 

Election day came and Mr. Lincoln received 180 
electoral votes out of 203 cast, and was, therefore, 
constitutionally elected President of the United States. 
The tirade of abuse that was poured upon this good 

and merciful man, especially by the slaveholders, was 
greater than upon any other man ever elected to this 
high position. In February, 1861, Mr. Lincoln started 
for Washington, stopping in all the large cities on his 
way making speeches. The whole journey was froughi 
with much danger. Many of the Southern States had 
already seceded, and several attempts at assassination 
were afterwards brought to light. A gang in Balti- 
more had arranged, upon his arrival to ''get up a row," 
and in the confusion to make sure of his death with 
revolvers and hand-grenades. A detective unravelled 
the plot. A secret and special train was p-ovided to 
take him from Harrisburg, through Baltimore, at ati 
unexpected hour of the night. The train sf^rted at 
half-past ten ; and to prevent ai;y possible communi- 
cation on the part ot the Secessionists with their Con- 
federate gang in Baltimore, as soon as the train haa 
started the telegraph-wires were cut. Mr. Lincoln 
reached Washington in safety and was inaugurated, 
although great an.xiety was felt by^ all loyal people. 

In the selection of his cabinet Mr. Lincoln gave 
to Mr, Seward the Department of State, and to other 
prominent opponents before the convention he gave 
important ix)sitions. 

During no other administration hav; the duties 
devolving upon the President been so manifold, and 
the responsibilities so great, as those which fell to 
the lot of President Lincoln. Knowing this, and 
feeling his own weakness and inability to meet, and in 
his own strength to cope with, the ditficnlties, he 
learned early to seek Divine wisdom and guidance in 
determining his plans, and Divine comfort in all his 
trials, both personal and national Contrary to his 
own estimate of himself, Mr. Lincoln was one of the 
most courageous of men. He went directly into the 
rebel capital just as the retreating foe was leaving, 
with no guard but a few sailors. From the time he 
had left Springfield, in 1861, however, plans had been 
made for his assassination, and he at last fell a victim 
to one of them. April 14, 1865, he, with Gen. Grant, 
was urgently invited to attend Fords' Theater. It 
was announced that they would be present. Gen. 
Grant, however, left the city. President Lincoln, feel- 
ing, wiiti his characteristic kindliness of heart, that 
it would be a disappointment if lie should fail them, 
very reluctantly consented to go. ^^'hile listening to 
the play an actor by the name of John ^Vilkes Booth 
entered the box where the President and family were 
seated, and fired a bullet into his brains. He died the 
next morning at seven o'clock. 

Never before, in the history of the world was a nation 
plunged into such deep grief by the death of its niler. 
Strong men met in the streets and wept in sfjeechless 
anguish. It is not too much to say that a nation was 
in tears. His was a life which will fitly become a 
model. His name as the savior of his country will 
live with that of Washington's, its father; hiscountry- 
mer. being unable to decide whic \\ is tl'^; sreater. 

<^ ^-^^^ 



teenth President of the United 
States. The early life of 
Andrew Johnson contains but 
the record of poverty, destitu- 
tion and friendlessness. He 
was born December 29, 180S, 
in Raleigh, N. C. His parents, 
belonging to the class of the 
"poor whites " of the South, were 
in such circumstances, that they 
could not cinhr ::/ei\ the slight- 
est advantages of education upon 
their child. When Andrew was five 
years of age, his father accidentally 
lost his life while hevorically endeavoring to save a 
friend from drowning. 'Jniil ten years of age, Andrew 
was a ragged boy abouf the streets, supported by the 
labor of his mother, who obtained her living with 
her own hands. 

He then, having never attended a school one day, 
and being unable either to read or write, was ap- 
prenticed to a tailor in his native town. A gentleman 
was in the habit of going to the tailor's shop occasion- 
ally, and reading to the boys at work there. He often 
read from the speeches of distinguished British states- 
men. .\ndrew, who was endowed with a mind of more 
than ordinary native ability, became much interested 
in these speeches ; his ambition was roused, and he 
was inspired with a strong desire to learn to read. 

He accordingly applied himself to the alphabet, and 
with the assistance of some of his fellow-workmen, 
learned his letters. He then called upon the gentle- 
man to borrow the book of sv^eeches. The owner. 

pleased with his zeal, not only gave him the 1x)ok 
but assisted him in learning to combine the letters 
into words. Under such difficulties he pressed o\. 
ward laboriously, spending usually ten or twelve hours 
at work in the sho]), and then robbing himself of rest 
and recreation to devote such time *s he could to 

He went to Tennessee ni 1826, and located at 
Greenville, where he married a young lady who pos 
sessed some education. Under her instructions he 
learned to write and cipher. He became prominent 
in the village debating society, and a favorite with 
the students of Greenville College. In 1828, he or- 
ganized a working man's party, which elected him 
alderman, and in 1830 elected him mayor, which 
position he held three years. 

He now began to take a lively interest in political 
affairs; identifying himself with the working-classes, 
to which he belonged. In 1835, he was elected a 
member of the House of Representatives of Tennes- 
see. He was then just twenty-seven years of age. 
He became a very active member of the legislature 
gave his adhesion to the Democratic party, and in 
1840 "stumped the State," advocating Martin '^-an 
Buren's claims to the Presidency, in opposition to thosv 
of Gen. Harrison. In this campaign he acquired much 
readiness as a speaker, and extended and increased 
his reputation. 

In 1841, he was elected State Senator; in 1843, he 
was elected a member of Congress, and by successive 
elections, held that important jwst for ten years. In 
1853, he was elected Governor of Tennessee, and' 
was re-elected in 1855. In all these res])onbiblc ix)si- 
tions, he diichwged his duties with distinguished abf. 


ity, and proved himself the warm friend of the work- 
ing classes. In 1857, Mr. Johnson was elected 
United States Senator. 

Years before, in 1S45, he had warmly advocated 
the annexation of Texas, stating however, as his 
reason, that he thought this annexation would prob- 
ably prove " to be the gateway out of which the sable 
sons of Afrifia are to pass from bondage to freedom, 
and become merged in a population congenial to 
themselves." In 1850, he also supported the com- 
promise measures, the two essential features of which 
vvere, that the white people of the Territories should 
oe permitted to decide for themselves whether they 
would enslave the colored people or not, and that 
the <'ree States of the North should return to the 
Soulh persons who attempted to escape from slavery. 

Mr. Johnson was neverashamedof his lowly origin: 
on the contrary, he often took pride in avowing that 
he owed his distinction to his own exertions. "Sir," 
said he on the floor of the Senate, " I do not forget 
that I am a mechanic ; neither do I forget that Adam 
was a tailor and sewed fig-leaves, and that our Sav- 
ior was the son of a carpenter." 

In the Charleston-Baltimore convention of i8bj, ne 
.was the choice of the Tennessee Democrats for the 
Presidency. In 1861, when the purpose of the South- 
jirn Democracy became apparent, he took a decided 
stand in favor of the Union, and held that " slavery 
must be held subordinate to the Union at whatever 
cost." He returned to Tennessee, and repeatedly 
imperiled his own life to protect the Unionists of 
Tennesee. Tennessee having seceded from the 
Union, President Lincoln, on March 4th, 1862, ap- 
pointed him Military Governor of the State, and he 
established the most stringent military rule. His 
numerous proclamations attracted wide attention. In 

1864, he was elected Vice-President of the United 
States, and upon the death of Mr. Lincoln, April 15, 

1865, became President. In a speech two days later 
he said, " The American people must be taught, if 
?hey do not already feel, that treason is a crime and 
must be punished ; that the Government will not 
always beai with its enemies ; that it is strong not 
only to protect, but to punish. * * The people 
\nust understand that it (treason) is the blackest of 
crimes, and will surely be punished." Yet his whole 
administration, the history of which is so well known, 
was in utter inconsistency with, and the most violent 

opposition to, the principles laid down in that speech. 

In his loose policy of reconstruction and general 
amnesty, he was opposed by Congress ; and he char 
acterized Congress as a new rebellion, and lawlessly 
defied it, in everything possible, to the utmost. In 
the beginning of 1868, on account of "high crimes 
and misdemeanors," the principal of which was the 
removal of Secretary Stanton, in violation of the Ten- 
ure of Office Act, articles of impeachment were pre- 
ferred against him, and the trial began March 23. 

It was very tedious, continuing for nearly three 
months. A test article of the impeachment was at 
length submitted to the court for its action. It was 
certain that as the court voted ujwn that article so 
would it vote upon all. Thirty-four voices pronounced 
the President guilty. As a two-thirds vote was neces- 
sary to his condemnation, he was pronounced ac- 
quitted, notwithstanding the great majority against 
him. The change of one vote from the not guilty 
side would have sustained the impeachment. 

The President, for the remainder of his term, was 
but little regarded. He continued, though impotent!;-, 
his conflict with Congress. His own party did not 
think it expedient to renominate him for the Presi- 
dency. The Nation rallied, with enthusiasm unpar- 
alleled since the days of Washington, around the name 
of Gen. Grant. Andrew Johnson was forgotten. 
The bullet of the assassin introduced him to the 
President's chair. Notwithstanding this, never was 
there presented to a man a better opportunity to im- 
mortalize his name, and to win the gratitude of a 
nation. He failed utterly. He retired to his home 
in Greenville, Tenn., taking no very active part in 
politics until 1875. On Jan. 26, after an exciting 
struggle, he was chosen by the Legislature of Ten- 
nessee, United States Senator in the forty-fourth Con- 
gress, and took his seat in that body, at the special 
session convened by President Grant, on the 5th of 
March. On the 27th of July, 1875, the ex-President 
made a visit to his daughter's home, near Carter 
Station, Tenn. When he started on his journey, he was 
apparently in his usual vigorous healtli, 'jut on reach- 
ing the residence of his child the following day, was 
stricken with paralysis, rendering him unconscious. 
He rallied occasionally, but finally passed away at 
2 A.M., July 31, aged sixty-seven years. His fun- 
eral was attended at Geenville, on the 3d of August, 
with every demonstration of respect. 



eij,hteenth President of the 
'United States, was born on 
the 29th of April, 1822, of 
Christian parents, in a humble 
home, at Point Pleasant, on the 
banks of the Ohio. Shortly after 
his father moved to George- 
town, Brown Co., O. In this re- 
mote frontier hamlet, Ulysses 
received a common-school edu- 
cation. At the age of seven- 
teen, in the year 1839, he entered 
the Military Academy at West 
Point. Here he was regarded as a 
solid, sensible young man of fair abilities, and of 
sturdy, honest character. He took respectable rank 
as a scholar. In June, 1843, he graduated, about the 
middle in his class, and was sent as lieutenant of in- 
fantry to one of the distant military posts in the Mis- 
souri Territory. Two years he past in these dreary 
solitudes, watching the vagabond and exasperating 

The war with Mexico came. Lieut. Grant was 
sent with his regiment to Corpus Christi. His ■ first 
battle was at Palo Alto. There was no chance here 
for the exhibition of either skill or heroism, nor at 
Resaca de la Palma, his second battle. At the battle 
of Monterey, his third engagement, it is said that 
ne performed a signal service of daring and skillful 
horsemanship. His brigade had exhausted its am- 
munition. A messenger must be sent for more, along 
a route exposed to the bullets of the foe. Lieut. 
Grant, adopting an expedient learned of the Indians, 
grasped the mane of his horse, and hanging upon one 
side of the anin^al. ran the gauntlet in entire safety. 

From Monterey he was sent, with the fourth infantry, 
to aid Gen. Scott, at the siege of Vera Cruz. In 
preparation for the march to the city of Mexico, he 
was appointed quartermaster of his regiment. At the 
battle of Molino del Rey, he was promoted to a 
first lieutenancy, and was brevetted captain at Cha- 

At the close of the Mexican War, Capt. tirant re- 
turned with his regiment to New York, and was again 
sent to one of the military posts on the frontier. The 
discovery of gold in California causing an immense 
tide of emigration to flow to the Pacific shores, Capt. 
Grant was sent with a battalion to Fort Dallas, in 
Oregon, for the protection of the interests of the im- 
migrants. Life was wearisome in those wilds. Capt. 
Grant resigned his commission and returned to the 
States; and having married, entered upon thecultiva- 
rion of a small farm near St. I^uis, Mo. He had but 
little skill as a farmer. Finding his toil not re- 
munerative, he turned to mercantile life, entering into 
the leather business, with a younger brother, at Ga- 
lena, 111. This was in the year i86o. As the tidings 
of the rebels firing on Fort Sumpter reached the ears 
of Capt. Grant in his counting-room, he said, — 
"Uncle Sam has educated me for the armv : though 
I have served him through one war, I do not feiel that 
I have yet repaid the debt. I am still ready to discharge 
my obligations. I shall therefore buckle on my tword 
and see Uncle Sam through this war too." 

He went into the streets, raised a csmpany of vol- 
unteers, and led them as their captain to Springfield, 
the capital of the State, where their services were 
offered to Gov. Yates. The Governor, impressed by 
the zeal and straightforward executive ability of Capt. ( 
Grant, gave him a desk in his office, to assist in thej 
volunteer organization that was being formed in the 
State in behalf of th« Government. On the iy''» o< 


June, 1 86 1, Capt. Grant received a commission as 
Colonel of the Twenty-first Regiment of Illinois Vol- 
unteers. His merits as a West Point graduate, who 
had served for 15 years in the regular army, were such 
that he was soon promoted to the rank of Brigadier- 
General and was placed in command at Cairo. The 
Tebels raised their banner at Paducah, near the mouth 
of the Tennessee River. Scarcely had its folds ap- 
peared in the breeze ere Gen. Grant was there. The 
rebels fled. Their banner fell, and the star and 
stripes were unfurled in its stead. 

He entered the service with great determination 
and immediately began active duty. This was the be- 
ginning, and until the surrender of Lee at Richmond 
he was ever pushing tlie enemy with great vigor and 
effectiveness. At Belmont, a few days later, he sur- 
prised and routed the rebels, then at Fort Henry 
won another victory. Then came the brilliant fight 
at Fort Donelson. The nation was electrified by the 
victory, and the brave leader of the boys in blue was 
immediately made a M.ijor-General, and the military 
iistrict of Tennessee was assigned to him. 

Like all great captains. Gen. Grant knew well how 
to secure the results of victory. He immediately 
[pushed on to the enemies' lines. Then came the 
terrible battles of Pittsburg Landing, Corinth, and the 
siege of Vicksburg, where Gen. Pemberton made an 
unconditional surrender of the city with over thirty 
thousand men and one-hundred and seventy-two can- 
non. The fall of Vicksburg was by far the most 
severe blow which the rebels had thus far encountered, 
and opened up the Mississippi from Cairo to the Gulf. 

Gen. Grant was next ordered to co-operate with 
Gen. Banks in a movement upon Texas, and pro- 
ceeded to New Orleans, where he was thrown from 
his horse, and received severe injuries, from which he 
was laid up for months. He then rushed to the aid 
of Gens. Rosecrans and Thomas at Chattanooga, and 
by a wonderful series of strategic and technical meas- 
ures put tlie Union Army infighting condition. Then 
followed the bloody battles at Chattanooga, Lookout 
Mountain and Missionary Ridge, in which the rebels 
were routed with great loss. This won for him un- 
bounded praise in the North. On the 4th of Febru- 
ary, 1864, Congress revived the grade of lieutenant- 
general, and the rank was conferred on Gen. Grant. 
He repaired to Washington to receive his credentials 
and enter ufX)r. t'^p duties of his new office 

Gen. Grant decided as soon as he took charge ol 
the army to concentrate the widely-dispersed National 
troops for an attack upori Richmond, the nominal 
capital of the Rebellion, and endeavor there to de- 
stroy the rebel armies which would be promptly as- 
sembled from all quarters for its defence. The whole 
continent seemed to tremble under the tramp of these 
majestic armies, rushing to the decisive battle field. 
Steamers were crowded with troops. Railway trains 
were burdened with closely packed thousands. His 
plans were comprehensive and involved a series of 
campaigns, which were executed with remarkable en- 
ergy and ability, and were consummated at the sur- 
render of Lee, April 9, 1865. 

The war was ended. The Union was saved. The 
almost unanimous voice of the Nation declared Gen. 
Grant to be the most prominent instrument in its sal- 
vation. The eminent services he had thus rendered 
the country brought him conspicuously forward as the 
Republican candidate for the Presidential chair. 

At the Republican Convention held at Chicago. 
May 21, 1868, he was unanimously nominated for the 
Presidency, and at the autumn election received a 
majority of the popular vote, and 214 out of 294 
electoral votes. 

The National Convention of the Republican party 
whichmet at Philadelphia on the 5th of June, rSya, 
placed Gen. Grant in nomination for a second tenn 
by a unanimous vote. The selection was emphati- 
cally indorsed by the people five months later, 292 
electoral votes being cast for him. 

Soon after the close of his second term. Gen. Grant 
started upon his famous trip around the world. He 
visited almost every country of the civilized world, 
and was everywhere received with such ovations 
and demonstrations of respect and honor, private 
as well as public and official, as were never before 
bestowed upon any citizen of the United States. 

He was the most prominent candidate before the 
Re|jublican National Convention in 1880 for a re- 
nomination for President. He went to New York and 
embarked in the brokerage business under the firm 
nameof Grant & Ward. The latter proved a villain, 
wrecked Grant's fortune, and for larceny was sent to 
the penitentiary. The General was attacked with 
cancer in the throat, but suffered in his stoic-like 
manner, never complaining. He was re-instated as 
General of the Army and retired by Congress. The 
cancer soon finished its deadly work, and July 23, 
1885, the nation went in mourning over the dea'th of 
the illustrious General. 




| ^ti^^^l^^ga»l^s^.^:^tggliS.^^'li^^'Si'^'Vl■:.^•v• <;Q;^^^>^;^■^^•^'3^^^r>l^;^l^;' l^^ 

nineteenth President of 
the United States, was born in 
Delaware, O., Oct. 4, 1822, al- 
most three months after the 
death of his father, Rutherford 
Hayes. His ancestry on both 
the paternal and maternal sides, 
was of the most honorable char- 
acter. It can be traced, it is said, 
as far back as 1280, when Hayes and 
Rutherford were two Scottish chief- 
tains, fighting side by side with 
Baliol, William Wallace and Robert 
Bruce. Both families belonged to the 
nobility, owned extensive estates, 
' and had a large following. Misfor- 
tane ovtrcaking the family, (ieorge Hayes left Scot- 
land in 1680, and settled in Windsor, Conn. His son 
George wai, born in Windsor, and remained there 
during his life. Daniel Hayes, son of the latter, mar- 
ried Sarah Lee, and lived from the time of his mar- 
riage until his death in Simsbury, Conn. Ezekiel, 
son of Daniel, was born in 1724. and was a manufac- 
turer of scythes at Bradford, Conn. Rutherford Hayes, 
son of Ezekiel and grandfather of President Hayes, was 
born in New Haven, in August, 1756. He was a farmer, 
blacksmith and tavern-keeper. He emigrated to 
Vermont at an unknown date, settling in BrattlelxDro, 
where he established a hotel. Here his son Ruth- 
erford Hayes the father of President Hayes, was 

born. He was married, in September, 1813, to Sophia 
Birchard, of Wilmington, Vt., whose ancestors emi- 
grated thither from Connecticut, they having been 
among the wealthiest and best famlies of Norwich. 
Her ancestry on the male side are traced back to 
1635, to John Birchard, one of the principal founders 
of Norwich. Both of her grandfathers were soldiers 
in the Revolutionary War. 

The father of President Hayes was an industrious 
frugal and opened-hearted man. He was of a me- 
chanical turn, and could mend a plow, knit a stock- 
ing, or do almost anything else that he choose to 
undertake. He was a member of the Church, active 
in all the benevolent enterprises of the town, and con- 
ducted his business on Christian principles. After 
the close of the war of 181 2, for reasons inexplicable 
to his neighbors, he resolved to emigrate to Ohio. 

The journey from Vermont to Ohio in that day 
when there were no canals, steamers, nor railways, 
was a very serious affair. A tour of inspection was 
first made, occupying four months. Mr. Hayes deter 
mined to move to Delaware, where the family arrived 
in 1817. He died July 22, r822, a victim of malarial 
fever, less than three months before the birth of the 
son, of whom we now write. Mrs. Hayes, in her sore be- 
reavement, found the support she so much needed in 
her brother Sardis, who had been a member of the 
household from the day of its departure from Ver- 
mont, and in an orphan girl whom she had adopted 
some time before as an act of charity. 

Mrs. Hayes at this period wag very weak, and the 


subject of this sketch was so fe^le at birth that he 
was not expected to live beyond a month or two at 
iBOSt. As the months went by he grew weaker and 
weaker, so that the neighbors were in the habit of in- 
quiring from time to time " if Mrs. Hayes' baby died 
iast night." On one occasion a neighbor, who was on 
if-imihar terms with the family, after alluding to the 
boy's big head, and the mother's assiduous care of 
him, said in a bantering way, " That's right! Stick to 
iiim. You have got him along so far, and I shouldn't 
wonder if he would really come to something yet." 

" You need not laugh," said Mrs. Hayes. "You 
vait and see. You can't tell but I shall make him 
President of the United States yet." The boy lived, 
in spite of the universal predictions of his speedy 
death; and when, in 1825, his older brother was 
drowned, he became, if possible, still dearer to his 

The boy was seven years old before he w,;nt to 
school. His education, however, was not neglected. 
He probably learned as much from his mother and 
lister as he would have done at school. His sports 
were almost wholly within doors, his playmates being 
his sister and her associates. These circumstances 
tended, no doubt, to foster that gentleness of dispo- 
sition, and that delicate consideration for the feelings 
of others, which are marked traits of his character. 

His uncle Sardis Birchard took the deepest interest 
tan his education ; and as the boy's health had im- 
proved, and he was making good progress in his 
studies, he proposed to send him to college. His pre- 
paration commenced with a tutor at home; but he 
was afterwards sent for one year to a professor in the 
Wesleyan University, in Middletown, Conn. He en- 
tered Kenyon College in 1838,31 the age of sixteen, 
and was graduated at the head of his class in 1842. 

Innnediately after his graduation he began the 
study of law in the office of Thomas Sparrow, Esq., 
in Columbus. Finding his opportunities for study in 
Columbus somewhat limited, he determined to enter 
the Law School at Cambridge, Mass., where he re- 
mained two years. 

In 1845, after graduating at the Law School, he was 
admitted to the bar at Marietta, Ohio, and shortly 
afterward went into practice as an attorney-at-law 
with Ralph P. Buckland, of Fremont. Here he re- 
mained three years, acquiring but a limited practice, 
and apparently unambitious of distinction in his pro- 

^41 1 849 he moved to Cincinnati, where his ambi- 
tion found a new stimulus. For several years, how- 
ever, his progress was slow. Two events, occurring at 
this period, had a powerful influence upon his subse- 
quent 'ife. One of these was his marrage with Miss 
Lucy Ware Webb, daughter of Dr. James Webb, of 
Chilicothe; the other was his introduction to the Cin- 
cinnati Literary Club, a body embracing among its 
members such men as'^hief Justice Salmon P^jj^|}a»e. 

Gen. John Pope, Gov. Edward F. Noyes, and many 
others hardly less distinguished in after life. The 
marriage was a fortunate one in every respect, as 
everybody knows. Not one of all the wives of our 
Presidents was more universally admired, reverenced 
and beloved than was Mrs. Hayes, and no one did 
more than she to reflect honor upon American woman- 
hood. The Literary Cluu brought Mr. Hayes into 
constant association with young men of high char- 
acter and noble aims, and lured him to display f\\f 
qualities so long hidden by his bashfulnejs and 

In 1856 he was nominated to the office of Judge of 
the Court of Common Pleas; but he declined to ac. 
cept the nomination. Two years later, the office o( 
city solicitor becoming vacant, the City Council 
elected him for the unexpired term. 

In 1861, when the Rebellion broke out, he was at 
tne zenith of his professional lif,. His rank at the 
bar was among the the first. But the news of the 
attack on Fort Sumpter found him eager to take -in 
arms for the defense of his country. 

His military record was bright and illustrious. In 
October, 1861, he was made Lieutenant-Colonel, and 
in August, 1862, promoted Colonel of the 79th Ohio 
regiment, but he refused to leave his old comrades 
and go among strangers. Subsequently, however, h» 
was made Colonel of his old regiment. At the battle 
of South Mountain he received a wound, and while 
faint and bleeding displayed courage and fortitude 
that won admiration from all. 

Col. Hayes was detached from his regiment, after 
his recovery, to act as Brigadier-General, and placed 
in command of the celebrated Kanawha division, 
and for gallant and meritorious services in the battles 
of Winchester, Fisher's Hill and Cedar Creek, he was 
promoted Brigadier-General. He was also brevetted 
Major-General, "forgallant and distinguished services 
during the campaigns of 1864, in West Virginia." In 
the course of his arduous services, four horses were 
shot from under him, and he was wounded four times 

In 1864, Gen. Hayes was elected to Congress, from 
the Second Ohio District, which had long been Dem- 
ocratic. He was not present during the campaign, 
and after his election was importuned to resign his 
commission in the army ; but he finally declared, " I 
shall never come to Washington until I can come by 
the way of Richmond." He was re-elected in 1866. 

In 1867, Gen Hayes was elected Governor of Ohio, 
over Hon. Allen G. Thurman, a popular Democrat. 
In r869 was re-elected over George H. Pendleton, 
He was elected Governor for the third term in 1875. 

Tn rSye he was the standard bearer of the Repub- 
lican Party in the Presidential contest, and after a 
hard long contest was chosen President, and was in 
augurated Monday, March 5, 1875. He served his 
full term, not, hcwever, with satisfaction to his party, 
but his administration was an average o!>» 

. i- U t-^/<^>^, 



■\MES A. GARFIELD, twen- 
tieth President of the United 
^tites, was born Nov. 19, 
1S31, in the woods of Orange, 
Cuyahoga Co., O His par- 
*" euts were Abram and Eliza 
(Ballou) Garfield, both of New 
England ancestry and from fami- 
lies well known in the early his- 
tory of that section of our coun- 
try, but had moved to the Western 
n Ohio, early in its settle- 

The house in which James A. was 
born was not unlike the houses of 
poor Ohio farmers of that day. It 
,ds about 20x30 feet, built of logs, with the spaces be- 
.veen the logs filled with clay. His father was a 
:iard working farmer, and he soon had his fields 
jleared, an orcliard planted, and a log barn built, 
i'he household comprised the father and mother and 
heir four ciiildren — Mehetal)el, Thomas, Mary and 
'ames. In May, 1823^ the father, from a cold con- 
. .-acted in heljjing to put out a forest fire, died. At 
'his time James was aljout eighteen months old, and 
Thomas about ten years old. No one, perhaps, can 
lell how much James was indebted to his brother's 
toil and self-sacrifice during the twenty years suc- 
ceeding his father's death, but undoubtedly very 
much. He now lives in Michigan, and the two sis- 
ters live in Solon, O., near their birthplace. 

The early educational advantages young Garfield 
enjoyed were very limited, yet he made the most of 
them. He labored at farm work for others, did car- 
penter work, chopped wood, or did anything that 
would bring in a few dollars to aid his widowed 
mother in he' -struggles to keep the little family to- 

gether. Nor was Gen. Garfield ever ashamed of his 
origin, and he never forgot the friends of his strug- 
gling childhood, youth and manhood, neither did they 
ever forget him. When in the highest seats of honor, 
the humblest fiiend of his boyhood was as kindly 
greeted as ever. The poorest laborer was sure of the 
sympathy of one who had known all the bitterness 
of want and the sweetness of bread earned by the 
sweat of the brow. He was ever the simple, plain, 
modest gentleman. 

The highest ambition of young Garfield until he 
was about sixteen years old was to be a captain of 
a vessel on Lake Erie. He was anxious to go aboard 
a vessel, which his mother strongly opposed. She 
finally consented to his going to Cleveland, with the 
understanding, however, that he should try to obtain 
some other kind of employment. He walked all the 
way to Cleveland. Tliis was his first visit to the city 
After making many applications for work, and trying 
to get aboard a lake vessel, and not meeting with 
success, he engaged as a driver for his cousin, Amos 
Letcher, on the Ohio <.'v' Pennsylvania Canal. He re- 
mained at this work but a short time when he wen': 
home, and attended the seminary at Chester for 
about three years, when he entered Hiram and the 
Eclectic Institute, teaching a few terms of school in 
the meantime, and doing other work. This school 
was started by the Disciples of Christ in 1850, of 
which church he was then a member. He became 
janitor and bell-ringer in order to help pay his way 
He then became both teacher and pupil. He soon 
" exhausted Hiram " and needed more ; hence, in the 
fall of i>S54, he entered Williams College, from which 
he graduated in 1856, taking one of the liighest ho..- 
ors of his class. He afterwards returned to Hiram ; 
College as its President. As above stated, he eady ' 
united with the Christian or Diciples Church at 
Hiram, and was ever after a devoted, zealous mem- 
ber, often preaching in its pulpit and places where 
he happened to be. Dr. Noah Porter, President of 
Yale College, says of him in reference to his religion : 


" President Garfield was more than a man of 
strong moral and religious convictions. His whole 
history, from boyhood to the last, shows that duty to 
man and to God, and devotion to Christ and life and 
faith and spiritual commission were controlling springs 
of his being, and to a more than usual degree. In 
my judgment there is no more interesting feature of 
nis character than his loyal allegiance to the body of 
Christians in which he was trained, and the fervent 
sympathy which he ever showed in their Christian 
communion. Not many of the few 'wise and mighty 
and noble who are called ' show a similar loyalty to 
the less stately and cultured Christian comnmnions 
in which they have been reared. Too often it is true 
that as they step upward in social and political sig- 
nificance they step upward from one degree to 
another in some of the many types of fashionable 
Christianity. President Garfield adhered to the 
-hurch of his mother, the church in which he was 
trained, and in which he served as a pillar and an 
evangelist, and yet with the largest and most unsec- 
'arian charity for all 'who loveour Lord in sincerity.'" 

Mr. Garfield was united in marriage with Miss 
Lucretia Rudolph, Nov. 1 1, 1858, who proved herself 
worthy as the wife of one whom all the world loved and 
mourned. To them were born seven children, five of 
whom are still living, four boys and one girl. 

Mr. Garfield made his first political speeches in 1856, 
■jn Hiram and the neighboring villages, and three 
years later he began to speak at county mass-meet- 
ings, and became the favorite speaker wherever he 
was. During this year he was elected to the Ohio 
Senate. He also began to study law at Cleveland, 
and in 1861 was admitted to the bar. The great 
Rebellion broke out in the early part of this year, 
and Mr. Garfield at once resolved to fight as he had 
talked, and enlisted to defend the old flag. He re- 
ceived his commission as Lieut. -Colonel of the Forty- 
second Regiment of Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Aug. 
14, 1861. He was immediately put into active ser- 
vice, and before he had ever seen a gun fired in action, 
was placed in command of four regiments of infantry 
and eight companies of cavalry, charged with the 
work of driving out of his native State the officer 
'Humphrey Marshall) reputed to be the ablest of 
those, not educated to war whom Kentucky had given 
to the Rebellion. This work was bravely and speed- 
ily accomplished, although against great odds. Pres- 
ident Lincoln, on his success commissioned him 
Brigadier-General, Jan. 10, 1862; and as "he had 
been the youngest man in the Ohio Senate two years 
before, so now he was the youngest General in the 
army." He was with Gen. Buell's army at Shiloh, 
in its operations around Corinth and its march through 
Alabama. He was then detailed as a memberof the 
General Couit-Martial for the trial of Gen. Fitz-John 
Porter. He was then ordered to report to Gen. Rose- 
crans, and was assigned to the "Chief of Staff." 

The military history of Gen. Garfield closed with 

his brilliant services at Chickamauga, where he woe 
the stars of the Major-General. 

Without an eflibrt on his part Geg Garfield wa» 
elected to Congress in the fall of 1862 from the 
Nineteenth District of Ohio. This section of Ohio 
had been represented in Congress for sixty year* 
mainly by two men — Elisha Whittlesey and Joshua 
R. Giddings. It was not without a struggle that he 
resigned his place in the army. At the time he en- 
tered Congress he was the youngest member in that 
body. There he remained by successive re- 
elections until he was elected President in 1880. 
Of his labors in Congress Senator Hoar says : " Since 
the year 1864 you cannot think of a question whicii 
has been debated in Congress, or discussed before & 
tribunel of the American people, in regard to whicl 
you will not find, if you wish mstruction, the argu, 
ment on one side stated, in almost every instance 
better than by anybody else, in some speech made in 
the House of Representatives or on the hustings by 
Mr. Garfield." 

Upon Jan. 14, 1880, Gen. Garfield was elected to 
the U. S. Senate, and on the eighth of June, of the 
same year, was nominated as the candidate of his 
party for President at the great Chicago Convention. 
He was elected in the following November, and on 
March 4, 18S1, was inaugurated. Probably no ad- 
ministration ever opened its existence under brighter 
auspices than that of President Garfield, and every 
day it grew in favor with the people, and by the first 
of July he had completed all the initiatory and pre- 
liminary work of his administration and was prepar- 
ing to leave the city to meet his friends at Williams 
College. While on his way and at the depot, in com- 
pany with Secretary Blaine, a man stepped behind 
him, drew a revolver, and fired directly at his back. 
The President tottered and fell, and as he did so the 
assassin fired a second shot, the bullet cutting the 
left coat sleeve of his victim, but inflicting no further 
injury. It has been very truthfully said that this was 
" the shot that was heard round the world " Never 
before in the history of the Narion had anything oc- 
curred which so nearly froze the blood of the people 
for the moment, as this awful deed. He was smit- 
ten on the brightest, gladdest day of all his life, and 
was at the summit of his power and hope. For eighty 
days, all during the hot months of Juiy and August, 
he lingered and suffered. He, however, remained 
master of himself till the last, and by his magnificent 
bearing was teaching the country and the world tlie 
noblest of human lessons — how to live grandly in the 
very clutch of death. Great in life, he was surpass- 
ingly great in death. He passed serenely away Sept. 
19, 1883, at Elberon, N. J., on the very bank of the 
ocean, where he had been taken shortly previous. The 
world wept at his death, as it never had done on the 
death of any other man who had ever lived upon it. 
The murderer was duly tried, found guilty and exe- 
cuted, in one year after he committ^ the foui deed. 



^ a U ii^ .5'H H; !>' A, A 1>?M' ! IJi fi. 


twenty-first Presi'^^m of the 

"United States was Ijorn in 

P lanklin Cour ty, \'erniont, on 

Ihefifthof Odober, 1830, and is 

the oldest of a family of two 

sons and five daughters. His 

father was the Rev. Dr. William 

Arthur, aBaptistcJlrgyman,who 

emigrated to tb'.s country from 

the county Antrim, Ireland, in 

his 18th year, and died in 1875, in 

Newtonville, neai Albany, after a 

long and successful ministry. 

Young Arthur was educated at 
Union College, S( henectady, where 
he excelled in all his studies. Af- 
ter his graduation he taught school 
in Vermont for two years, and at 
the expiration of that time came to 
New York, with $500 in his ixjcket, 
and e.Uered the office of ex-Judge 
E. D. Culver as student. After 
I being admitted to the bar he formed 
a partnership with his intimate friend and room-mate, 
Henry D. Gardiner, with the intention of practicing 
ui the West, and for three months they roamed about 
in the Western States in search of an eligible site, 
but in the end returned to New York, where they 
hung out their shingle, and entered upon a success^ 
ful career almost from the start. General Arthur 
«oon afterward na»rr'''d the daughter of Lieutenant 

Herndon, of the United States Navy, who was lost at 
sea. Congress voted a gold medal to his widow ir. 
recognition of the bravery he displayed on that occa- 
sion. Mrs. Arthur died shortly before Mr. Arthurs 
nomination to the Vice Presidency, leaving two 

Gen. Arthur obtained considerable legal celebrity 
in his first great case, the famous Lemmon suit, 
brought to recover possession of eight slaves who had 
been declared free by Judge Paine, of the Sujierioi 
Court of New York City. It was in 1852 that Jon. 
athan Lemmon, of Virginia, went to New York with 
his slaves, intending to ship them to Texas, when 
they were discovered and freed. The Judge decided 
that they could not be held by the owner under the 
Fugitive Slave Law. A howl of rage went up from 
the South, and the Virginia Legislature authorized the 
Attorney General of that State to assist in an appeal. 
Wm. M. Evarts and Chester A. Arthur were employed 
to represent the People, and they won their case, 
which then went to the Supreme Court of the United 
States. Charles O'Conor here espoused the cause 
of the slave-holders, but he too was beaten by Messrs 
Evarts and Arthur, and a long step was taken toward 
the emancipation of the black race. 

Another great service was rendered by General 
Arthur in the same cause in 1856. Lizzie Jennings. 
a respectable colored woman, was put off a Fourth 
Avenue car with violence after she had paid her fare. 
General Arthur sued on her behalf, and secured a 
verdict of $500 damages. The next day the compa- 
ny issued an order to admit colored persons to ride 
on their cars, and the other car companies quickly 


followed their example. Before that the Sixth Ave- 
nue Company ran a few special cars for colored per- 
sons and the other lines refused to let them ride at all. 

General Arthur was a delegate to the Convention 
at Saratoga that founded the Republican party. 
Previous to the war he was Judge-Advocate of the 
Second Brigade of the State of New York, and Gov- 
ernor Morgan, of that State, appointed hmi Engineer- 
in-Chief of his staff. In 1861, he was made Inspec- 
tor General, and soon afterward became Quartermas- 
ter-General. In each of these offices he rendered 
great service to the Government during the war. At 
the end of Governor Morgan's term he resumed the 
practice of the law, forming a partnership with Mr. 
Ransom, and then Mr. Phelps, the District Attorney 
of New York, was added to the firm. The legal prac- 
tice of this well-known firm was very large and lucra- 
tive, each of the gentlemen composing it were able 
lawyers, and possessed a splendid local reputation, if 
not indeed one of national extent. 

He always took a leading part in State and city 
politics. He was appointed Collector of the Port of 
New York by President Grant, Nov. 21 1872, to suc- 
ceed Thomas Murphy, and held the office until July, 
•30, 1878, when he was succeeded by Collector Merritt. 

Mr. Arthur was nominated on the Presidential 
ticket, with Gen. James A. Garfield, at the famous 
National Republican Convention held at Chicago in 
June, 1880. This was perhaps the greatest political 
convention that ever assembled on thecontinent. It 
was composed of the Jsading politicians of the Re- 
publican party, all able men, and each stood firm and 
fought vigorously and with signal tenacity for their 
respective candidates that were before the conven- 
tion for the nomination. Finally Gen. Garfield re- 
ceived the nomination for President and Gen. Arthur 
for Vice-President. The campaign which followed 
was one of the most animated known inthehistory of 
our country. Gen. Hancock, the standard-bearer of 
the Democratic party, was a popular man, and his 
party made a valiant fight for his election. 

Finally the election came and the country's choice 
.vas Garfield and Arthur. They were inaugurated 
.'^arch 4, i8St, as President and Vice-President. 
h. few months only had passed ere the newly chosen 
President was the victim of the assassin's bullet. Then 
came terrible weeks of suffering, — those moments of 
anxious suspense, wher the hearts of all civilized na- 

tions were throbbing in unison, longing for the re- 
covery of the noble, the good President. The remark- 
able patience that he manifested during those hours 
and weeks, and even months, of the most terrible suf- 
fering man has often been called upon to endure, was 
seemingly more than human. It was certainly God- 
like. During all this period of deepest anxiety Mr. 
Arthur's every move was watched, and be it said to his* 
credit that his every action displayed only an earnest 
desire that the suffering Garfield might recover, to 
serve the remainder of the term he had so auspi- 
ciously begun. Not a selfish feeling was manifested 
in deed or look of this man, even though the most 
honored position in the world was at any moment 
likely to fall to him. 

At last God in his mercy relieved President Gar. 
field from further suffering, and the world, as nevei 
before in its history over the death of any othei 
man, wept at his bier. Then it became the duty ol 
the Vice President to j.ssume the responsibilities ol 
the high office, and he took the oath in New York, 
Sept. 20, i88r. The position was an embarrassing 
one to him, made doubly so from the facts that all 
eyes were, on him, anxious to know what he would do, 
what policy he would pursue, and who he would se- 
lect as advisers. The duties of the office had been 
greatly neglected during the President's long illness, 
and many important measures were to be immediately 
decided by him ; and still farther to embarrass him he 
did not fail to realize under what circumstances he 
became President, and knew the feelings of many on 
this point. Under these trying circumstances President 
Arthur took the reins of the Government in Ms ow,. 
hands ; and, as embarrassing as were the condition of 
affair.-' he happily surprised the nation, acting so 
wisei". hat but few criticiseo lis administratiun- 
He served the nation well and faithfully, until the 
close of his administration, March 4, 1885, and was 
a popular candidate before his party for a second 
term. His name was ably presented before the con- 
vention at Chicago, and was received with great 
favor, and doubtless but for the personal popularity 
of one of the opposing candidates, he would have 
been selected as the standard-bearer of his party 
for another campaign. He retired to private life car- 
rying with him the best wishes of the American peo- 
ple, whom he had served in a manner satisfacwry 
tf- them and with credit to himself. 

7 l^rt^;^ C/< 

i^rt£y;f L/C^ui^CCuLyXJ^A 




LAND, the twenty- second Pres- 
ident of the United States, was 
born in 1837, in the obscure 
town of Caldwell, Essex Co., 
N. J., and in a little two-and-a- 
half-story white house which is still 
standing, characteristically to mark 
the humble birth-place of one of 
America's great men in striking con- 
trast with the Old World, where all 
men high in office must be high in 
origin and born in the cradle of 
wealth. When the subject of this 
sketch was three years of age, his 
father, who was a Presbyterian min- 
ister, with a large family and a small salary, moved, 
by way of the Hudson River and Erie Canal, to 
Fayetteville, in search of an increased income and a 
larger field of work. Fayetteville was then the most 
straggling of country villages, about five miles from 
Pompey Hill, where Governor Seymour was born. 

At the last mentioned place young Grover com- 
menced going to school in the "good, old-fashioned 
way," and presumably distinguished himself after the 
manner of all village boys, in doing the things he 
ought not to do. Such is the distinguishing trait of 
all geniuses and independent thinkers. When he 
arrived at the age of 14 years, he had outgrown the 
c^jMcity of the village school and expressed a most 

emphatic desire to be sent to an academy. To this 
his father decidedly objected, .\cademies in those 
days cost money; besides, his father wanted him to 
become self-supix)rting by the quickest possible 
means, and this at that time in Fayetteville seemed 
to be a position in a country store, where his father 
and the large family on his hands had considerable 
influence. GrQver was to be paid $50 for his services 
the first year, and if he proved trustworthy he was to 
receive $too the second year. Here the lad com- 
menced his career as salesman, and in two years he 
had earned so good a reputation for trustworthiness 
that his employers desired to retain him for an in- 
definite length of time. Otherwise he did not ex- 
hibit as yet any particular " flashes of genius " or 
eccentricities of talent. He was simply a good boy. 
But instead of remaining witli this firm in Fayette- 
ville, he went with the family in their removal to 
Clinton, where he had an opportunity of attending a 
high school. Here he industriously pursued his 
studies until the family removed with him to a point 
on Black River known as the " Holland Patent," a 
village of 500 or 600 people, 1 5 miles north of Utica, 
N. Y. At this place his father died, after preaching 
but three Sundays. This event broke up the family, 
and Grover set out for New York City to accept, at a 
small salary, the position of " under-teacher " in an 
asylum for the blind. He taught faithfully for two 
years, and althougii he obtained a good reputation in 
this capacity, he conclu<i»d that teaching was not hie 


calling for life, and, reversing the traditionjil order, 
he left the city to seek his fortune, instead of going 
to a city. He first thought of Cleveland, Ohio, as 
th'ire was some charm in that name for him ; but 
before proceeding to that place he went to Buffalo to 
tsk the advice of his uncle, Lewis F. Allan, a noted 
stock-breeder of that place. The latter did not 
speak enthusiastically. " What is it you want to do, 
my boy.''" he asked. "Well, sir, I want to study 
law," was the reply. "Good gracious!" remarked 
ih« old gentleman ; " do you, indeed ? What ever put 
Jhatinto your head? How much money have you 
got?" "Well, sir, to tell the truth, I haven't got 

After a long consultation, his uncle offered him a 
place temporarily as assistant herd-keeper, at $50 a 
year, while he could "look around." One day soon 
afterward he boldly walked into the office of Rogers, 
Bowen & Rogers, of Buffalo, and told Ihem what he 
wanted. A number of young men were already en- 
gaged in the office, but Grover's persistency won, and 
he was finally permitted to come as an office boy and 
Have the use of the law library, for the nominal sum 
of $3 or $4 a week. Out of this he had to pay for 
his board and washing. The walk to and from his 
uncle's was a long and rugged one; and, although 
(the first winter was a memorably severe one, his 
shoes were out of repair and his overcoat — he had 
none^yet he was nevertheless prompt and regular. 
On the first day of his service here, his senior em- 
ployer threw down a copy of Blackstone before him 
with a bang that made the dust fly, saying "That's 
where they all begin." A titter ran around the little 
circle of clerks and students, as they thought that 
was enough to scare young Grover out of his plans ; 
but in due time he mastered that cumbersome volume. 
Then, as ever afterward, however, Mr. Cleveland 
exhibited a talent for executiveness rather than for 
chasing principles through all their metaphysical 
\x)ssibilities. " Let us quit talking and go and do 
ft," was practically his motto. 

The first public office to which Mr. Cleveland was 
elected was that of Sheriff of Erie Co., N. Y., in 
which Buffalo is situated; and in such capacity it fell 
to his duty to inflict capital pwr.ishment upon two 
CTiminals. In 1881 he was elected Mayor of the 
City of Buffalo, on the Democratic ticket, with es- 
padal reference to the bringing about certain reforms 

in the administration of the municipal affairs of that 
city. In this office, as well as that of Sheriff, his 
performance of duty has generally been considered 
fair, with possibly a few exceptions which were fer- 
reted out and magnified during the last Presidential 
campaign. As a specimen of his plain language in 
a veto message, we quote from one vetoing an iniqui- 
tous street-cleaning contract: "This is a time foi 
plain speech, and my objection to your action shall 
be plainly stated. I regard it as the culmination of 
a mos bare-faced, impudent and shameless scheme 
to betray the interests of the people and to worse 
tlian squander the people's money." The New York 
Sun afterward very highly commended Mr. Cleve- 
land's administration as Mayor of Buffalo, and there- 
upon recommended him for Governor of the Empire 
State. To the latter office he was elected in 18&2, 
and his administration of the affairs of State was 
generally satisfactory. The mistakes he made, if 
any, were made very public throughout the nation 
after he was nominated for President of the United 
States. For this high office he was nominated July 
ir, 1884, by the National Democratic Convention at 
Chicago, when other competitors were Thomas F. 
Bayard, Roswell P. Flower, Thomas A. Hendricks, 
Benjamin F. Butler, Allen G. Thurman, etc.; and he 
was elected by the people, by a majority of about a 
thousand, over the brilliant and long-tried Repub- 
lican statesman, James G. Blaine. President Cleve- 
land resigned his office as Governor of New York in 
January, 1885, in order to prepare for his duties as. 
the Chief Executive of ihe United States, in which 
capacity his term commenced at noon on the 4th of 
March, T885. 

The silver question precipitated a controversy 
between those who were in favor of the continu- 
ance of silver coinage and those who were opposed, 
Mr. Cleveland answering for the latter, even before 
his inauguration. 

On June 2, 1886, President Cleveland married 
Frances, daughter of his deceased friend and 
partner, Oscar Folsom, of the Buffalo Bar. Their 
union has been blessed by the birth of one daugh- 
ter, Ruth. In the campaign of 1888, President 
Cleveland was renominated by his party, but the 
Republican candidate. Gen. Benjamin Harrison, 
was victorious. In the nominations of 1892 these 
two candidates for the highest position in the gift 
of the people were again pitted against each other 
and President Cleveland was victorious by an 
overwhelming majority. 



■■■ » I M ( 5 ?>< ^ ■»■ <» ■ ■ 


twenty-thinl President, is 
the descendant of one of the 
historical families of this 
country. The head of the 
family was a Major General 
Harrison, one of Oliver 
Cromwell's trusted follow- 
ers and fighters. In the zenith of Crom- 
well's power it became thv, duty of this 
Harrison to participate m tne trial of 
Charles I, and ?tfterward tc sign the 
death warrant of the king. He subse- 
quently paid for this with his life, being 
hung Oct. 13, 1660. His descendants 
came to America, and the next of the 
family that appears in history is Benja- 
niin Harrison, of Virginia, great-grand- 
father of the subject of this sketch, and 
after whom he was named. Benjamin Harrison 
was a member of the Continental Congress durmg 
the years 1774-5-6, and was one of the original 
signers of the Declaration of Independence. He 
wa three times elected GoTeruor of Virginia, 
'^n William Henry Harrison, the ton of ti»e 

dlstingnighed patriot of the Reyolntion, after a. sao. 

cessful career as a soldier durmg the War of 1812, 
and with -a clean record as Governor of the North- 
western Territory, was elected President of the 
United States in 1840. His saroer was cut short 
by death within one month ifter ais luroguration. 
President Harrison wa^ born st Md':'^ Bend, 
Hamilton Co., Ohio, Aug. '?0, 18»3 His life up to 
the time of his graduation by the Miami Univei-sity, 
at Oxford, Ohio, waa the uneventful one of a coun- 
try lad of a family of small means. His father was 
able to give him a gootl education, and nothing 
more. He became engaged while at college to tho 
daughter of Dr. Scott, Principal of a female schoo 
at Oxford. After graduating he determined to en- 
ter upon the study of the law. He went to Cin 
cinnati and then read law for two years. At the 
expiration of that time young Harrison received tfc-' 
only inheritance of his life; his aunt dying left hini 
a lot valued at $800. He regarded this legacy as i 
fortune, and decided to get married at once, take 
this money and go to flome Eastern town an ' be- 
gin the practice of law He sold his lot, and with 
the money in his pocket, be started out witD his 
young wife to fight for » pboe in Um world- Hs 



decided to go to Indianapolis, which was eren at 

U\a.t. time a town of promise. He met with sliglit 
encouragement at first, making scarcely anything 
llie first year. He worl<ed diligently, applying him- 
self closely to his calling, built up an extensive 
practice and took a leading rank in the legal pro- 
fession. He is the father of two children. 

In 1860 Mr. Harrison was nominated for the 
position of Supreme Court Reporter, n,nd then be- 
gan his experience as a stump speakei He can- 
vassed the State thoroughly, and was elected by a 
handsome majority. In 1862 he raised the 17th 
Indiana Infantry, and was chosen its Colonel. His 
regiment was composed of *he rawest of material, 
out Col. Harrison employed all his time at first 
mastering military tactics and drilling his men, 
when he therefore came to move toward the East 
trith Sherman his regiment was one of the best 
^Irillcd and organized in the army. At Resaca he 
especially distinguished himself, and for his bravery 
at Peachtree Creek he was made a Brigadier Gen- 
eral, Gen. Hooker speaking of him in the most 
'complimentary terms. 

During the absence of Gen. Harrison in the field 

he 8-jprerae Court declared the office of the Su- 
prenv. Court Reporter vacant, and another person 
was elected to the position. From the time of leav- 
ing Indiana with his regiment until the fall oi 1864 
he had taken no leave of absence, but having been 
nominated that year for the same office, he got a 
thirty-day leave of absence, and during that time 
made a brilliant canvass of the State, and was elected 
for another term. He then started to rejoin Sher- 
man, but on the way was stricken down with scarlet 
iever, and after a most trying siege made his way 
to the front in time to participate in the closing 
xcidents of the war. 

In 1 868 Gen. Harrison declined re-election as 

cporter, and resumed the practice of law. In 1876 
QC was a candidate for Governor. Although de- 

eated, the brilliant campaign ht made won ior him 
a National reputation, and he was much sought, es- 
pecia"..y in the East, to make speeches. In 1880, 
as usual, he took an active part in the campaign, 
und WW elected to the United States Senate. Here 
uc sei-ved six years, and jas known as one O' the 
»biest men, bast lawyer' end strongest debaters in 

that body. With the expiration of his S<n.Ttoriai 
term he returned to the practice of his profession, 
becoming the head of one of the strongest firms in 
the State. 

The political campaign of i888 was one of the 
most memorable in the history of our country. The 
convention which assembled in Chicago in June an., 
named Mr. Harrison as the chief standard bearer 
of the Republican party, was in every partic- 
ular, and on this account, and the attitude it as- 
sumed ujion the vital questions of the day, chief 
among which was the tariff, awoke a deep interest 
in the campaign throughout the Nation. Shortly 
after the nomination delegations began to visit Mr. 
Harrison at Indianapolis, his home. This move- 
ment became popular, and from all sections of the 
country societies, clubs and delegations journeyed 
thither to pay their respects to the distinguished 
statesman. The popularity of these was gi-eatly 
increased on account of the remarkable speeches 
made by Mr. Harrison. He spoke daily all through 
the summer and autumn to these visiting delega- 
tions, and so varied, masterly and eloquent were 
his speeches that they at once placed him in the 
foremost rank of American orators and statesmen. 

On account of his eloquence as a speaker and hi.^ 
power as a debater, he was called upon at an un- 
commonly early age to take part in the discussion 
of the great questions that then began to agitate 
the country. He was an uncompromising anti 
slavery man, and was matched against some of t"„e 
most eminent Democratic speakers of his StaiCv, 
No man who felt the touch of his blade de: 'red ti 
be pitted with him again. "With all his ^'Dq-ence 
as an orator he never spoke for oratorica'L effect, 
but his words always went like bullets to the mark 
He is purely American in his and k a spier 
did type of the American statesman. Gifted wit'u 
quick perception, a logical mind and a rsady tongue, 
he is one of the most distinguished impromptu 
speakers in the Nation. Many of these speeches 
sparkled with the rarest of eloquence and contained 
arguments of greatest weight. ]\Iauy of his terse 
statements have already become aphorisms. Origi- 
nal in tliought precise in logic, terse m statement, 
3-et withal faultless in eloquence, he is recognized as 
the sound statesman and bnlllan orator c tu^ day 


Madison and Hamilton Counties, 


--. ^ . m ^mzm^m ......^ 


[LU] "^^'^ [LJi 

frni ^i^ Irnl 


^^y HI time has arrived when it 
1 ecomcs the duty ut' the 
people of thhi county to ])er- 
petuate tlie names of their 
pioneers, to fiirnisii a record 
of their early settlement, 
and relate the story of their 
progre'-b The civilization of our 
day, the enlightenment of the age 
and the duty that men of the pres- 
ent time owe to their ancestors, to 
themselves and to their posterity, 
demand that a record of their lives 
md deeds should be made. In bio- 
f,rapliic il history is found a power 
to instruct man by precedent, to 
enliven the mental faculties, and 
to waft down the river of time a 
■^ate vessel in which the names and actions of the 
people who contributed to raise this country from its 
primitive state may be preserved. Surely and rapidly 
the great and aged men, who in their i)rime entered 
the wilderness and claimed the virgin soil as their 
heritage, are passing to their graves. The number re- 
maining who can relate the incidents of the first days 
)f settlement is becoming small indeed, so that an 
actual necessity exists for the collection and preser- 
vation of events without delay, before ail the early 
settlers are cut down by the scythe of Time. 

To be forgotten has been the great dread of mankind 
from remotest ages. All will be forgotten soon enough, 
in spite of their best works and the most earnest 
efforts of their friends to perserve the memory of 
their lives. The means employed to prevent oblivion 
and to perpetuate their memory has been in propor- 
tion *o the amount of intelligence they possessed. 
Thi pyramids of Egypt were built to jierpetuate the 
names and deeds of their great rulers. The exhu- 
mations made by the archeologists of Egypt from 
buried Memphis indicate a desire of those people 

to jierpetuate the memory of their achievements 
The erection of the great oI)elisks were for the same 
purpose. Coming down to a later period, we hnd the 
Greeks and Romans erecting mausoleums and monu- 
ments, and carving out statues to ciironicle their 
great achievements and carry them down tlie ages. 
It is also evident that the Mound-builders, in piling 
up their great mounds of eartli, iiad but this idea— 
to leave something to show tliat they had lived. All 
these works, though many of them costly in the ex- 
treme, give but a faint idea of tiie lives and charac- 
ters of those whose memory they were intended to 
perpetuate, and scarcely anytliing of the masses of 
the people that then lived. The great pyramids and 
some of the obelisks remain objects only of curiosily ; 
the mausoleums, monumeiiis and statues are crum- 
bling into dust. 

It was left to modern ages to establish an intelli- 
gent, undecaying, immutable method of perpetuating 
a full history — immutable in that it is almost un- 
limited in e.xtent and perpetual in its action; and 
this is through the art of printing. 

To the present generation, however, we are in- 
debted for the introduction of the admirable systerr 
of local biography. By this system every man, thougl 
he has not achieved what the world calls greatness, 
has the means to perpetuate his life, his history, 
through the coming ages. 

The scythe of Time cuts down all ; nothing of the 
physical man is left. The monument wliicii his chil- 
dren or friends may erect to his memory in the ceme, 
tery will crumble into dust and pass away; but his 
life, his achievements, the work he has acconijjlished, 
which otherwise would be forgotten, is perpetuated 
by a record of this kind. 

To preserve the lineaments of our companions we 
engrave their portraits, for the same reason we col- 
lect the attainable facts of their history. Nor do we 
thir.k it necessary, a-i we speak only truth of them, to 
wait until they are dead, or until tliose who know 
them are gone: to do this we are ashamed only to 
publish to the wodd the history of those whose live= 
are unwc-thy of oublic record. 




'iz-ZyC^t^^ t/L^/^^ 


iJ: j'^ioGRApHicAL. mm 

% ______ f' 


(i^ l>;ILLIAM A. KITTINGER. Pei-liai)s to few 
\/y/l ^'^'"'''"o o"*- '" active life have come the 
W^ obstacles that the siihjcet of this sketch 

lie. He now oeeiipies a position of pioniineiice 
among the attorneys of Madison County, and is 
foremost at the Bar of the state. He lias an ofHce 
at Anderson, where he conducts an extensive 
and remunerative legal business, being especially 
successful in criminal cases. His residence is lo- 
cated at No. 49 East Eleventh Street, where he 
and his wife liosi)itably entertain their hosts of 
personal friends. 

Born in Wayne County, near Richmond, Ind.. 
on the 17th of October, 184U, our subject is the 
son of .lulin Smith, a native of Germany, and a 
shoemaker by trade, who emigrated to America 
in his early manhnnd. settling in Richmond, Ind. 
'riune he was united in marriage with Miss Delilah 
'ruik, a native of Virginia, whose father died in 
the Old Dominion. Her mother subsequently 
brought the family to Wayne County, where she 
was reared to womanhood. After the death of 
his wife, which occurred in l.s.'iO, .lohii Smith 
went back to (icrmany to secure an estate, but he 
was never heard of after leaving liidinna. His 
fate is uncertain. 

Our subject is one of two children, the ehU^r of 

William A. was left an orphan when a babe, and 
was taken into the home of William L. Kittinger, 
whose last name lie adopted. In IS.'),") Mr. Kitt- 
inger removed to Henry Cnuiity. settling near 
.Middletowii. where be operated a sawmill and 

also engaged in farming. The orphan boy en- 
joyed few advantages in his youth, and his time 
was devoted almost wholly to agricultural duties. 
However, by dint of lianl study and persevering 
appli<-;ili<)ii, he gained sullicieiil education to en- 
able him to te.ach school, and at the age of eigh- 
teen he taught in I'nion Township, Madison Coun- 
ty. Later, he was similarly employed in Lafay- 
ette and riiioii Townships, t hi- county, liuriiig 
two winter seasons, while lii> summers were s|ieiil 
in farm work and in reading law. 

In early manhood, Mr. Kittinger was licensed 
to preach in the Christian Church, ri'ceiving his 
lirst license in Darke County, Olii.i. .and his sec- 
ond at Richmond, liid. For two sunimers he was 
engaged in supplying vacant pulpits, and after- 
ward he commenced to study law under Judge K. 
B. Goodykoontz, of Anderson. Aui;ust 2, 1872, 

he admitted h 

• 1" 


e at th. 

mediately oix-ned an ollice at Roik Coun- 
ty, Mo. A short time after locating in that city, 
he was startled by a telegram announcing that the 
bank in which his money was dei)Osited had failed 
and was in the hands of receivers. He at once re- 
turned to .\nilerson. and here commenced the 
practice of his chosen profession. 

In October, 1880, Mr. Kittinger was elected 
Prosecuting Attorney for the Twenty-fourth .Ju- 
dicial Circuit, including Hamilton and Madison 
Counties. His s.^rvices while an incumbent of 
the i)ositions were so satisfactory that he was re- 
elected in 1882, and served four years altogether. 
At the expiration of his term of office, he formed 
:i partnership with .Imige R. I.;ikc. which was dis- 
sohed six months aftci ward. .Mr. Kittinger then 


fitted up an elegant oHice on the south side of the 
S(|uare, but again misfortune overtook him, for, 
twenty-seven fia3s after moving into the office, it 
was burned to tlie ground, entailing a heavy loss. 
On the 1st of February, 1886, he became a part- 
ner of L. M. Schwinn, and the firm of Kittinger 
it Schwinn is now one of the foremost in this sec- 
tion of the state. 

At Columbus Grove, Ohio, September 9, 1874, 
Mr. Kittinger married Miss Martha E. Kunneke, 
who was born in Dayton, Ohio, and reared in 
Columbus Grove. They are the parents of three 
surviving children: Theo A., Leslie F. and Helen 
M. Socially, our subject is a member of Mt. Mo- 
riali Lodge No. 177, F. & A. M.; also of Anderson 
Ciiapter, of which he is Past High Priest; and 
Anderson Coramandery No. 32, K. T., of which he 
is Eminent Commander. The Ononga Tribe of 
Red Men, the Elks and the Daughters of Rebekah 
also number him among their active members. 
He is one of the prominent members of the Coun- 
ty Bar Association. In politics he was a Demo- 
crat until 1878, since which time he has been a 
Republican. In 1888 and 1890 he served as Sec- 
retary of tiie Republican County Central Com- 
mittee, and in 1888 he was nominated by the Re- 
publicans as Representative to the Legislature. 
He received about one hundred and twenty-five 
ballots more than any other candidate of his party, 
but on account of a Democratic majority in the 
county he suffered defeat. He is a man of great 
abilitj-, keen insight and shrewd discrimination, 
and both in a professional way and in social cir- 
cles has gained a high place in the regard of his 

JOHN H. McMILLEN. Twenty-five years 
have come and gone since, on the 12th of 
: February, 18G8, the subject of this sketch 
arrived in Anderson. During all this time 
he has been identified with the history of the cit}' 
as one of the foremost business men and citizens. 
His conduct, both in official affairs and in com- 
merce, has l)een sucli as to commend him to the 

confidence of the people, and he has gained the 
warm regard of all his associates. A man of 
strong convictions, energetic and active, he takes 
a deep interest in the welfare of the city and 
heartily endorses every enterprise inaugurated for 
its development. 

Of immediate Scotch descent, our subject was 
born in Cornwall, Province of Ontario, Canada. 
March 4, 1848. His father, Alexander McMillen. 
was a native of Scotland and in early life emi- 
grated to America, making settlement in Canada. 
A farmer by occupation, he entered upon agri- 
cultural pursuits immediately after locating in 
Cornwall, and through perseverance and economy 
became well-to-do. Now in his old age he still 
remains upon the old Cornwall homestead some- 
what retired from life's active duties. He mar- 
ried Miss Elizabeth Critse, who was born in the 
Mohawk Valley, N. Y., and died in Ontario in 

In the parental family there were thirteen chil- 
dren, twelve of whom attained mature jears, .John 
H., being the fiflh in order of birth. At the age 
of fourteen years he started out in life for himself, 
and proceeding to the town of Hermon, St. Law- 
rence County, learned the trade of a harness- 
maker in his brother's shop. After following this 
occupation for about three years in the Empire 
State, in the employ of several manufacturers and 
in the city of Buffalo, he removed to Titusville, 
Pa., where he sojourned for a few months. From 
there he went to Ohio and spent twelve months 
in Cincinnati. Next, proceeding to Kentucky, he 
remained about one and one-half years in the 
cities of Cynthiana, Mt. Sterling and Lexington, 
being engaged at the trade of a harness-maker. 

After locating in Anderson Mr. McMillen found 
employment with Dr. Pratt, a harness-maker, for 
whom he worked about six months. Later, enter- 
ing the employ of the firm of Hodson & Clark, he 
spent six years with them, and saving his wages 
was enabled at the expiration of the time men- 
tioned to enibark in business for himself. Under 
the firm name of Bowman & McMillen, he and 
his partner carried on a profitable trade for a time 
or, until, upon the election of Mr. McMillen to the 
position of City Clerk, he disposed of his business 



in order to give his exclusive attention to bis ! He next made lii- 

official duties. He served for two years as Clerk i settling upon tlie 

and then removed to Kansas, in 1886, remain 

in llic Sunflower State for eighteen num 

I'pon his return to Anderson lie purchast'd 

harness business of Alexander Clark and lias c 

diutod a nourishing trade here oversinct'. 

A DeiiMinat in polities. Sh: MeMilleii i> dee 
inlere.sled in the welfare of the parly, luit is im 
pdlilieian in the objectionable sense c.f thai \\< 


111 1892 he was elected a ineinlier i>l' the City 
Council for a period of two years, I ml :\\ liie iii- 

devotioii 1(1 his |)arly has been reet.nni/.i'd, and Ins 
(idehly tn the interests of the city is eiiually 
pidininent. In Ins social relations he is ideiititied 
with tlie (n-d<T i.rthe Woodmen of the World; the 
Independent Order of Ked Men; tlu' .Mueeabee,^ 
and Aii<leis,iii Lodge, K. of r. He was happily 
married in 1880, his wife being .Miss Hannah F., 
daugliter of Robert T. Berry, formerly of Rush 
County, but now a resident of Madison County. 


(^p«)HOMAS W. MOORE, a reiireseiitati 
/^^^ eral agriculturist and successful 
^^^^ raiser, has from his earliest youth been 
prominently identified with the develoimienl :nid 
progressive interests of his present hx'.ilily, and 
born in Boone Township, Madison County. Ind., 
August 30, 1842, has throughout the ehanging 
seasons of more tlian a half-century continuously- 
resided ill his birthplace, where he is universall}' 
known and highly respected. His father. .lolin 
Moore, a native of Ohio, was born in Brown 
County. He attended the common schools of the 
I'luckeye -State, and in bis youth received a thor- 
ough training in agricultural duties. In common 
with otiier fanner boys, becoming well versed in 
the tilling of the soil, he attained to manhood in- 
telligent, energetic and enterprising. At the age 
of twentj-five years he determined to .seek tlie 
farther west and journej'ed to Rusli County, 
Ind., where he spent six years in farming pursuits. 

1 now tlu' homestead of our 
subject. The father was one of the pioneers o.f 
Indiana, the country then being a literal wilder- 
ness, over which roamed Indians and a large va- 
riety of wild game. Madi.son County boasted of 
no roads or improvements of any kind, and neigh- 
bors were few and far between. Th.' father, full 

the development of the home locality and became 
a leader among his friends and neighbors. 

.John Moore was the son of Moses Moore, a na- 
tive of \'iigiiiia. who at mature age removed to 
Brown County. Ohi.i, and became one of the early 
settlers of the Buckeye State. The paternal 
great-grandfather came from Scotland to America 
ill a very early da\' in the history of our country 
and was an old s,,ldier. A m.-m of sturdy inde- 
pendene,'. be emlowed his children with the ener- 

throughout his long life were his distinguishing 
charactcrislics. The grand p.aients passed many 
years of usefulness in Ohio .aided in reclaiming 
the wild land of the slate, and commanded the es- 
teem of a host of friends and neighbors. When 
tlieir son John first settled in Indiana, he endured 
many of the (irivations and peculiar experiences 
of the primitive days. The Mi:nni Indians yet 
shared the (lossession of the ferlih' acres of tiie state 
which a few years before was the scene of many a 
liloo(l\ encounter between the red men and the 
settlers of the territory. It, was a long time after 
the father made his home in Indiana before there 
was any method of public conveyance cxi-ept the 
stage coach, and most of the travel even from dis- 
tant states thither was made by slow teams, which 
with the advancing tide of emigration transported 
dozens of families and their limited household 
goods hither. 

The mother of our subject, Mary (Brunt) 
Moore, was the daughter of .lames Brunt, of North 
Carolina, and tiie descendant of a long line of 
Ihitish ancestors, her paternal grandfather having 
been a native of merrie England. Thomas Moore 
was the youngest of the five children who cluster- 
ed about the hearth of the parents; four <,>f the 
sons and daughters are \et living and all un- 



married, make their home together upon the old 
farm. James M. is the eldest born ; Moses A. is 
deceased; EMzabetli A., Sarali A., and our subject, 
Thomas, completes the list. James and his two 
sisters are valued members of the Carapbellite 
Church and take an active part in tlie social, re- 
ligious and benevolent work of the denomination. 
Thomas is not yet identified witli any cliurch, but 
is ever ready to lend a helping hand in all matters 
pertaining to mutual welfare or tiie public good. 
Politically a Democrat, and an earnest advocate of 
tlie party, lie has never desired to hold office, but 
intellectually does his duty as a true American 
citizen at the polls. The Moore brothei-s and sis- 
ters occupy a high position of useful influence 
and enjoy in their lifetime home the esteem and 
best wishes of many friends and neighbors with 
whom they grew up side by side, witnessing the 
marvelous growth and progress which converted 
the broad acres of wild land into productive farms 
and smiling villages. 

Anderson, and formerly editor of the An- 
derson Daily Dernoci-at, was born in Har- 
risonburg, Rockingham County, Va., on the 31st 
of December, 1855. His father, Isaac, was a native 
of the same county, and was engaged in agricult- 
ural pursuits. In 1857 he brought his family, 
which consisted of his wife and four children, to 
Indiana, locating near Middletown. Henry County. 
Purchasing a farm there, he devoted his attention 
to the cultivation and improvement of the land, 
which he continued to operate for a number of 
years. He now (1893) lives in the village of Mid- 
dletown. at the age of sixty-nine, and has retired 
from the active business duties which engrossed 
his time in former years. A man of upright char- 
acter and noble disposition, he is also a devoted 
Christian and an earnest member of the German 
Reformed Church. His wife, whose maiden name 
was Sarah Kuntz and who was born in Virginia, 
died in 1859, after having become the mother of 
five children, three of whom are living. The pa- 

ternal grandfather of our subject, Jacob Critten- 
berger, was born in the Old Dominion, being the 
son of a Revolutionary soldier. 

The childhood years of Dale J. Crittenberger 
were passed in his father's home, and his time was 
divided between going to the district schools and 
working on the farm. When sixteen he was ad- 
vanced sufficiently in his studies to obtain a 
teacher's certificate, and entering that profession, 
he was thus engaged for a short time. In the 
autumn of 1873 he entered the State University 
of Indiana at Bloomington, where he pursued his 
studies for two years. Later he filled the position 
of Principal of the Middletown schools for one year, 
in order to replenish his |)urse and continue his 
collegiate course. 

Graduating from tli'e university in 1878 with 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts, he afterward began 
the study of law In Anderson under Charles L. 
Henry, with whom he remained for four years. 
During this time he was admitted to the Bar, in 
1880. When Capt. W. R. Myers was elected Sec- 
retary of State in 1882, he appointed Mr. Crit- 
tenberger Deputy, which position he filled satisfac- 
torily for one year. He then resigned in order to 
accept the position of Superintendent of Schools 
of Madison County, having been elected to that 
ortlce in the fall of 1883. In 1885 he was re-elected, 
his term of office extending from January 1, 
1884, to January 1, 1888. 

Iji the meantime Captain Myers' term as Secre- 
tary of State expired, and he and IVL. Crittenberger 
purchased the Democrat on the 1st of January, 
1887. After the expiration of his term as County 
Superintendent, our subject gave his undivided 
attention to his literary and editorial work, 
in which he has achieved an unusual degree 
of success. In June of 1887 J. J. Netterville was 
admitted into partnership, and this business con- 
nection has since continued. Upon assuming the 
management of the Democrat, Mr. Crittenberger 
found that the printing office contained few facili- 
ties for conducting a successful business, but 
through his energetic efforts the various modern 
conveniences were soon introduced and his office 
is now one of the best equipped in the county, if 
not in the state. Under his direct personal super- 



nsion the Democnd h; 

Ui'ii rank 

foremost of Indiana's paix-is and possesses an iii- 
tluence tliat is far-roacliing and permanent. 

In 1889 Mr. Crittenberger established the Daily 
Democrat, tiie first issue of wiiich appeared on 
the 23d of Maroli, and which was a six-column 
(jiiarto, devoted to topics of general interest as 
well as to local matters. Upon accepting the posi- 
tion of Postmaster at Anderson, he sold tlie paper 
to IJone & Campbell, who now issue a nine-coluinn 
fiilio. Mr. Crittenberger can take just pride in his 
success in the newspaper business, for he is s|)okeii 
of on every hand as having put iiis "shoulder to 
llie wheel" and by indomitable energy resuscitated 
a rundown paper and brought it to a foremost 
place among the successful journals of the state. 
lie is universally recognized as one of the al)lest 
writers conneole.l with the DiMiiocratic press of 

The marriage of Mr. Crittenberger was cele- 
brated on the 2d of .Iiinc, 1884, in the city of 
.Vnderson, the bride being Miss Etlie, daughter of 
II. .1. Daniels, who is at the licad of the Anderson 
Banking Company, and wliose sketch will be found 
in another part of the Rkcohd. Mrs. Crittenberger 
is a native of Anderson, a lady of man}' fine qual- 
ities and universally esteemed by a large circle of 
acquaintances. To them have been born four 
children: John. Juliet, Willis and George. March 
10, 1893, Mr. Crittenberger was appointed Post- 
master at Anderson under the administration of 
President Cleveland, his ai)i)ointnient being the 
first made in Indiana and the second in tlie I'nited 
States during that administration. The ollice is of 
the second class, with free delivery, and through 
tiie energy and executive ability of thegenial and 
popular Postmaster, is maintained and conducted 
in an efficient and satisfactory manner. Sc>cially 
lie is identified with Anderson Commandery, 
K. T. He stands out pre-eminently as one of the 
most .active workers in the Democratic parly, 
it being universally conceded that he and James 
.1. Netterville are the most influential Democrats 
in the county. By their tad. in organizing 
the campaign and energy in [Jioseculing the 
work, they almost invariably come out victorious. 
For j'ears Mr. Crittenberger a member of the 

County Denioeralic Central ( 'onunitlcc. and lias 
occupied many other positions of trust and honor. 
He is an indefatigable party worker, and has a very 
extensive acquaintance with the stale Democracy, 

KNJAMLX V. MCCARTY, JusIkc of the 
Peace and an intlnential citizen of .Ander- 
son, is a native of Hancock County, which 
joins Madison County on the southwest. 
He born in the village, of Warrington on the 
Clh of September, IHof!. His father, also iiame<l 
Benjamin, was a native of Tennessee. Moses 
McCarty, the grandfather, was born in Ireland and 
c:nne to the I'liited States with his parents, who 
settled in Tennessee and there engaged in farming. 
Moses McCarty was married in Tennessee, and in 
1832 came to Indiana and iocal(Hl on Sugar Creek, 
in Hancock County. 

That section of the state was then little better 
than a wilderness and the McCart}- family under- 
went many privations and hardships in improving 
their farm. The country abounded in game of all 
kinds and hunting was one of the occupations of 
the day. Moses, while coon hunting, contracted a 
cold which resulted in lung fever, from which he 
died at the age of seventy-three. He had served 
in the War of 1812. 

Justice McCarty 's father was a prominent farmer 
on Sugar (,'reek and served as .Justice of the Peace 
when but eighteen years of age. In 1879 he came 
to Madison County and bought fifty -one acres of 
land adjoining the city of Anderson which became 
very valuable. He is seventy-three years of age 
(1893) and has belonged to the Hard-shell Baptist 
Church many years. Politically he is a Democrat. 
The mother, Angeline Cook, Ijorn in Monroe 
County, Va. She was the daughter of Joel Cook, 
a Virginia farmer, who located in Hancock County 
about 1886 and entered one hundred and sixty 
acres of land at a cost of 151.2;) an acre. He 
served in the War of 1812 and eighty-two 
years of age at the lime of his death in 1872. He 
was the father of fifteen Miildren, all living, the 
oldest being seventy-three years of age. The 



mother is sixty-nine years of age. She had seven 
children, all of wliom are living and married. 

The youngest son in the parental family is the 
subject of this sketch. He was reared on the home 
farm in Hancock County, where he had common- 
school advantages. Wlien but seventeen years of 
age he was elected Constable for Brown Townsliip. 
On coming to Madison County in 1876 he rented 
a farm and conducted a dairy business where 
North Anderson is now located. Later lie bought 
four and one-half acres adjoining the citj'. and in 
1890 he was elected Justice of the Peace on the 
Democratic ticket and took the office May 1 for 
four years. By an act of the Legislature his term 
was extended to five years. He is a member of 
Ononga Tribe of Red Men and a charter member 
of the Knights of the Golden Eagle. He is one of 
the organizers of the Methodist Cluirch in North 
Anderson and assisted in building the church and 

In 1875 in Hancock County Justice IMcCarty 
and Miss Laura E. Cummins were married. She 
was born in Honey Creek, Fall Creek Township, 
Henry County, and is the daughter of Rev. Flem- 
ing Cummins, a minister of the Christian New Ligtit 
Church. The}' have seven children, all at home, 
whose names are Gertrude G., M. Grace, Charles, 
Closes, Paul, Jonas and Hazel. 


,ip^ I LAS WILLIAMS, a well known farmer, is 
^^^ a representative of one of the honored pi- 
\^-^ oneei families of Madison County. He was 
born on the old liomestead on section 14( 
Fall Creek Township, March 26, 1838, and there 
still resides. Tlie family was founded in America 
by Ricliard Williams, a native of Wales, who set- 
tled iii Pennsylvania about the time William I 
Penn there located. His son, Silas Williams, was 
the father of William Williams, the grandfather of 
our subject. William was born in North Carolina, 
removed to Logan County, Ohio, about 1811, and 
in 1822 came to Madison Count\s settling on sec- 
tion 14, Fall Creek Township. He entered five 
hundred acres of land, about half of which he j 

improved. He was a leader among the Society of 
Friends and organized the church in this com- 
munity. His vocation was that of a lawyer, and 
through his work he was proininenti}' identified 
with the development of the county. His fam- 
ily numbered seven daughters and two sons, 
namely: Caleb, Martin, Anna, Catherine, Esther, 
Elizabeth, Hannah, Marian and Lucinda. His 
death occurred in November. 1847. at the age of 
seventy-two, and his wife died in September pre- 
vious, at the age of sixty-six. 

Caleb Williams, father of our subject, was born 
in Ohio, November 2, 1805, and came to Indiana 
with his parents. He owneci and improved two 
hundred and twenty acres of land, and in an early 
day was a great hunter, frequently going on 
hunting expeditions with the Indians. In 1865, 
he sold out and removed to Champaign County, 
111., where he died January 17, 1887. He wedded 
Hannah Greeg, and they had five children, Mil- 
ton, of Arkansas; Stephen, Silas, Lydia A. and 
Elizabeth. The mother died June 20, 1855, and 
Mr. Williams wedded Anna Oldham, whose death 
occurred in Illinois. 

No event of special importance occurred in the 
boyhood of our subject, which was quietly passed 
under the parental roof. He obtained a good ed- 
ucation and for three terms engaged in teaching. 
At the age of twenty-three he began farming for 
himself on shares, and at the age of twenty-six 
located on seventy acres of the old homestead. 
He now owns one hundred and ninety-seven acres 
of that farm, and two other farms of eighty and 
seventy acres, respe(;tivel_y, all in Fall Creek Town- 
ship. In connection with the cultivation of his 
land, he has been engaged extensively in the 
breeding of Berkshire hogs and fine cattle. His 
business success is that which comes as the result 
of earnest application, close attention to details 
and perseverance, and as the result of his well di- 
rected efforts he has acquired a handsome iirop- 

On the 19tli of February, 1863, Mr. Williams 
was united in the bonds of matrimony with Sallie 
Cook, a native of Chester County, Pa., and a 
daughter of George and Elizabeth (Walker) Cook. 
By their union have been l)orn four children. 


William A., Caleb, Lizzie (wife of Woiie) and 
Kmma. They have been providefl wiUi <;o«^'<I «•'- 
iieatioiial advantages, are all graduates of the high 
sfliool, and William has for eighth-ears been engag- 
cil in leaching. The parents are both members 
of the Society of Friends. IMr. Williams is a Re- 
piililican in politics, and an active and ardent sup- 
porter nf that party. 

=^ rh4"i"i-s^m 





^ prominent N'lrginia 

R. The 


cct ,.f this 

itative < 
family, : 

f a 

1 old and 
no doubt 

inherits his industry and 


I nee 

from his 

German ancestois. his gr: 



•ob Sigler, 

being a native (if that cuui 

Irv. Th 

■ 1: 

tter came 

to AmiM-ica at the licgiiinin 

i: of the 


War, and although but s 

xtccn V. 


of age he 

served through the Revolution, lb' 


fought in 

the War of lSr2, but died at Ndi- 


\'a., soon 

after his ictuiii from ser\ 

ice. ( )i 

r M 

hject was 

horn ScptcMilHT 2, 182.",, in Page County, Va., 
where his parents, l^aniel and Elizabeth (Rosen- 
barger) Sigler were also born. Mrs. Sigler was the 
daughter of .Joseph Rosenbarger, who also a 
native of that grand old mother of states, Vir- 
ginia, but who moved from there to Madison 
County, Ind., aliout 1841 or 1842, as near .as can 
be ascertained. There his death occurred about 
1860, after a long life spent in tilling the soil. 
His wife's maiden name Mary O'Cirady. She 
was horn in the Old Dominion aiul was of Scotch 
descent. Her death occurred In INladison County, 
Ind., about 1865. 

Daniel Sigler came to JIadison County, Ind., 
from his native state in 1837, and settled in a 
log cabin where the family remained a few months 
while he was preparing a home in the small clear- 
ing in Lafayette Township. He first purchased 
eighty acres of land, paying *6..")0 [ler acre for it, 
but subsequently purchased forty acres more. On 
this farm the remainder of his days were spent. 
He was a successful farmer, careful and prudent, 
and a strong temperance man of fixed moral prin- 
ciples. His religious views accorded with tliose 

lis. and his politi 
li those of the Der 
if our subject died 
it her was married i 

jlliers \i\ the se(-ond union, 
ived in the coin- 
remained at home assisting 
1 until of age. After that he 
•hool teacher and followed 
Iv he en- 


of the Reformed 
views were in har 
cratic party. The 
her native state, ai 
second time. 

The original of 
third in order of 
his father's lirst iii 
ters and five lialf- 
llis scholastic trainini 
mon schools, and he 
his father on the fan 
branched out as a j 
this for five years or 
gaged in merchandising and Ilis followed that the 
greater portion of his life since, although he has 
been interested in agricultural pursuits to some 
extent, with success and failure inteniiingled. lie 
was connected with the linn of C. <,iuick A- Co.. 
and was with this company through the succeed- 
ing changes to Quick Brothers and (^iiick. Sharp it 
Co. in the mercantile and grain business. 

Mr. Sigler has been twice married, first to Miss 
Amanda Richwine, daughter of Gideon Richwine, 
December 4, 1852. (See sketch of (iidcon Rich- 
wine.) To this union were born seven children, 
all living: Joseph E., born March 12, 1854, resid- 
ing in Frankton; Mary Elizabeth, born March 8. 
1856, now Mrs. Josiah Little, of Missouri; (ieorge 
W., born January 28, 1858; Lena M., born Sep- 
tember 30, 1860, now Mrs. Stephen Etcheson, re- 
siding in Pipe Creek Township; Allen R., born 
Feliriiary 5, 1863, residing in Missouri; Francis 
M.. born June 3, 1865, residing in Denver, Colo.; 
and Cynthia Jane, born .Inly 28, 186;). residing at 
hoine. The mother of these cluldren died Febru- 
ary 21, 1873. 

Mr. Sigler's second marriage was with Mrs. Ruth 
Smithson, daughter of Allen Perry, a native of 
Madison County, Ind. Socially, our subject is a 
member of the Masonic fraternity, and politically 
he is a Democrat. He is interested in agricultural 
IMirsuits, being the owner of a fine farm of eighty 
acres, and he is also the owner of a good home in 
Frankton. At the present time lie is engaged in 
merchandising with S. H. Shoemaker, and by his 
honorable, upright conduct has won the confidence 



of all and has a good patronage. He is a well read 
man, and well posted on all the current topics of 
the da.y. 

^I^^^OAH SHOCK, a leading and highly respect- 
ed citizen for the past thirty years suc- 
cessfully conducting a finely cultivated 
farm located in Anderson Township, Madison 
County, Ind., is numbered among the substantial 
general agriculturists of his locality, and is well 
known as a man of sterling integrity of character 
and excellent business attainments. Born in Mont- 
gomery County, O., March 11, 1833, he was the 
son of David and Mary (Miller) Shock, long-time 
residents of the Buckeye State. The father was 
born in Pennsylvania and was the descendant of 
intelligent and hard-working ancestors, who by 
unvarying industry and native ability rose to po- 
sitions of useful influence. The mother, a woman 
of worth and ability, devoted to her husband and 
children, passed away when Noah was only a lit- 
tle child. Our subject was reared to mature years 
in his birthplace, and in his boyhood attended 
school in the primitive log cabins, the only houses 
of instruction in the pioneer days of the state. 
Early beginning the battle of life, Mr. Shock was 
trained into assisting in the daily round of agri- 
cultural duties, and arrived at his twenty-first 
birthday an energetic, ambitious and self-reliant 
young man. Possessing an excellent memory, 
our subject vividly contrasts his opportunities for 
schooling with those offered the children of to- 
day. Plodding his way through storm or brighter 
weather to the district school, the little log house 
with pins and boards arranged for writing desks 
and slabs for seats, he eagerly gained the limited 
education his brief term of study could give. 

A reader and man of bright intelligence, Mr. 
Shock in after life rapidly added to his early stock 
of knowledge, and mainly self-educated, won his 
upward way in life by steady and persistent effort. 
For a number of years he worked at brickmaking, 
but has devoted nearly all the labor of his life to 
agricultural pursuits, and as a tiller of the soil and 

a stock-raiser has been financially prospered. Upon 
April 10, 1856, were united in marriage Noah 
Shock and Miss Elizabeth Martin, who was born May 
14, 1838, daughter of Samuel and Catiierine (Hull) 
Martin. Her father passed away when she was 
only six months of age, leaving his little daughter 
fatherless. The estimable wife of our subject was 
reared in Montgomery County, Ohio, and there re- 
ceived her education and training in the ways of 
the houseliold. The union of Mr. and Mrs. Shock 
was blessed by the birth of thirteen sons and 
daughters, and of the sisters and brothers who 
gathered around the old fireside all are yet surviv- 
ing, and are: Mary C, the wife of Leander Clark; 
John, the eldest son; Susanna, the wife of Henry 
Sheets; Jonas; William H., married to Ella Krull; 
Lizzie, the wife of B. Cline; Samuel, Peter, Lee, 
Benjamin F., Callie, Frederick and Arthur. 

Mr. and Mrs. Shock are valued members of the 
German Church and are active in the good work 
and benevolent enterpiises of the denomination. 
Taking a deep interest in both local and national 
i.ssnes, our subject is well posted in the current 
affairs of the day and earnestly desires the promo- 
tion of educational advancement as the sure lever 
with which to elevate fallen humanity. True to 
every duty of the hour, both Mr. and Mrs. Shock 
together enjoy the fruits of a well spent life and 
receive from a large circle of old-time friends and 
acquaintances sincere esteem and high regard. 


^, RS. CATHERINE PIERCE, widow of the 
I late Edmund G. Pierce, and a lady of 
worth and intelligence, now residing up- 
on section 12, Lafayette Township, Madi- 
son County, Ind., is a native of her present home 
county and born February 4, 1843, has for more 
than a half-century been identified with the history, 
upward growth and progressive interests of lier 
present locality. Her parents, Elias and Nancy 
(Jenkins) Groendyke, were numbered among the 
pioneer settlers of Madison County and settled in 
a very early day about one and a-half miles south- 
west of Frankton. Making their home in a little 



log house in the woods, they remained there a 
number of years. The motlier passed away in 
Madison County in the iiKuith of May, 18,")5, hut 
the father subsequently icmkivciI to |);u-ki' County, 
Ohio, where he has since continued to reside. lie 
IS now in his seventy-sixth year and is a man of 
earnest purpose, coniraaiidiug the respect of a wide 
acquaintance. Renrcd amid tlip changing scenes 
of pioneer life and trainee] up to habits of in- 
dustrious thrift, our sul)jcct attained to woman- 
hood energetic and self-reliant, and versed in the 
ways of the houseliold, was well fitted to assume 
the charge of a home of her own when at twenty- 
one years of age slic was wedded. Upon May 1.'), 
1864, Edmund G. I'ierceand Miss Catherine (inicn- 
dyke were united in marriage. 

Edmund G. Pierce, a native of Wayne Couuty, 
Ind., born April 30, 1837, was the son of Erancis 
and Rebecca Pierce, old-time settlers widely known 
in the early days and highly respected. Educated 
in the primitive schools which offered but limited 
advantages of instruction, Mr. Pierce availed him- 
self of the oppoitunilies wliieh presented them- 
selves, and from l)oyhoo<l assisting upon the farm 
of his father, l)ecanie in ytnith a thoroughly practical 
general agriculturist and continued a tiller of the 
soil all his life. The union of Mr. and Mrs. Pierce 
was blessed by the birth of five children. William 
F. was the eldest born ; Elias A. was the second 
son; Martha is the wife of John Johnston; Lyman 
and Margaret complete the list of sons and daugh- 
ters. In 187(1, Mr. Pierce with his wife and family 
settled on a farm wliere our suliject now makes her 
permanent home, lie entered with energy into 
the pursuit of agriculture, and with enterprise im- 
proving his broad acres, devoted himself to bring- 
ing the fertile soil up to a high stale of cultiva- 
tion. Called from the scene of his busy usefulness 
January 8, 1875, Mr. Pierce passed aw.ay, mourned 
by all who knew him. A loving husband and 
father, a kind neighbor and sincere friend, his 
memory is yet vivid in the hearts of the many 
who had known him through long years of com- 
lianionship. Mr. Pierce was an exemplaiy man 
and a devout member of the Christian Church, in 
which he was an active worker. 

Of the merry band of brothers and sisters who 

once gathered about the fireside of the Groendyke 
home the following yet survive: Catherine. Mrs. 
Pierce: Charity, the wife of Thomas Stapieton: 
John Thomas; Elia, I'erry I)., Sarah .1., and 
Victoria B., wife of Webster Owen. The Pierce 
farm, now conducted under the sujiervision of our 
subject, consists of eighty acres, linely culMvaled 
and well improvc(l with commodious and .sub- 
stantial buildings. Mrs. Pieree possesses excelleiil 
business ability and manages her affairs in a manner 
indicating clear judgment. She is a woman of 
liberal views and takes a deep interest in all matters 
pertaining to -local improvements or enterprises. 
Mr. Pierce was a life-long Hepublican' and an 
ardent advocate of reform and progress. P.oth 
our subject and her husband were friends to edu- 
cational advancement and ever exerted themselves 
in behalf of right and justice. Mrs. Pieree oc- 

regarded for her admirable (|u:ilit,ies of head and 
heart, she enjoys' the sincere friendship of a wide 
circle of acquaintances. 



iSsOi ance are among the essential qualilica- 
I li' tions for a successful .agriculturist, and 
^ few men possess these qualities in as great 

a degree as A. J. Myers, who has a pleasant 
rural home in Fall Creek Township, Hamilton 
County. In reviewing his life and career we find 
a man whose every business .act has been guided 
by sound common sense and the strictest integrity 
of character, and it m.ay be said of him with the 
utmost truth that his word is as good as his bond. 
Born in Licking County, near Newark. Ohio, 
on Flint Ridge, in 1828, our suliject is one of 
twenty-one children included in the family of 
John Myers. His father was a native of Wash- 
ington County, Pa., and was brought to Licking 
County, Ohio, with his father's family when he 
was two years of age. At the age of twenty- 
eight he removed to Delaware County, Ind., where 
he engaged in agricultural pursuits throughout the 
greater part of Ins active life. His death oc- 


curred in Henry County at the age of about 
sixty-seven. His wife, Rebecca (Davis) Myers, 
was a native of Licking Countj', Ohio, and died in 
Delaware County, Ind., at the age of fiftj'-tliree. 

The grandfather of our subject, Andrew Myers, 
was bgrn in Germany and emigrated to the United 
States with his parents when a small child. The 
family settled in Washington Count}^ Pa., whence 
in middle life he removed to Licking County, 
Ohio, and there spent the remainder of his life, 
dying at an advanced age. His wife bore the 
maiden name of Elizabeth Leviston, and was born 
in Pennsylvania. Our subject was only two years 
old when he was brought by his parents to Indi- 
ana, and he grew to manhood in Delaware County, 
his youthful years being devoted to farm work 
and the ordinary pursuits of rural life. At the 
age of twenty-one he started out in life for him- 
self, and for one year received a salary of $10G, 
remaining in the employ of one farmer for two 
and one-half years, near New Castle, IIenr\' Coun- 
ty, Ind. 

The marriage of Mr. Myers united him with 
Miss Elizabeth Hudson, who was born near Olio, 
Hamilton County, Ind., being a daughter of Jesse 
Hudson. She died in 1867, after having become 
the mother of six children, three of whom are 
now living: Ross, a resident of Spokane, Wash.; 
Ann, the wife of Joseph Mauford, of Clarksville; 
and Laura, Mrs. J. L. Jarrctt, of Lapel, Madison 
County. In February, 1868, Mr. Myers married 
Mrs. Elizabeth Helms, daughter of Madison Brooks, 
of Fall Creek Township. Thej' are the parents of 
five children, William and Eli are completing 
their literary studies preparatory to engaging in 
teaching as a profession; Morton and Noah are 
students in tlie Noblesville schools; Eva resides 
with her parents. 

A firm friend of the Union during the entire 
period of the Civil War, Mr. Myers enlisted, in 
February, 1864, as a member of the One Hundred 
and Fifty-third Indiana Infantiy. After retiring 
from the service, he returned to Hamilton County 
and located in Fall Creek Township, where he 
has since engaged in farming. A representative 
citizen of progressive ideas, he was originally a 
Democrat, but changed his politics with the open- 

ing of the war, and has since been an earnest 
adherent of the Republican party, his sons also 
having the same political belief. Since 1864, he 
has been identified with the Masonic fraternity, 
belonging to Fortville Lodge No. 228. In re- 
ligious belief he is a Methodist, and for a number 
of years lias been connected with that denomina- 

i-^4- X 

^^f LBERT L. WETlIERALt), a manufacturer 
( .©/u li of Frankton, was born in Lycoming Coun- 
|l ii ty. Pa., February 3, 1828, and is a son of 
^ John and Ann (Lambert) Wetherald, na- 

tives of England, who came to America in 1818, 
settling in Pennsylvania, where they spent the re- 
mainder of their lives. He was a farmer and lum- 
berman, whose death occurred in 1841, and liis 
wife died in 1846. The paternal grandfather was a 
large landowner in England, and the maternal 
grandfather, who was a stonem.ason by trade, be- 
came an extensive farmer. 

Our subject was second in a family of seven 
children, but has only two sisters now living, 
A. E. Swartz and Mary Hilburn. At the* age 
of twelve he began work in a nail f.actory and 
learned the trade. In 184.5 he went to Dan- 
ville, Pa., and took the management of the Mon- 
ton Rolling Mill, a large manufacturing concern of 
which he had charge until the panic of 1847. He 
then went to Don Cannon, where he worked at 
his trade of nailmaking until 1857, when he em- 
barked in merchandising at that place. In 1861 
he sold out and bought an interest in a line of 
canal boats on the Juniata River, with which lie 
was connected until 186.3. Previous to this time 
he was in the raid on Gett3'3burg, he serving 
for three months in the late war. After disposing 
of his interests in the canal boats, he went to 
Wheeling, where he worked at nailmaking. In 
1865, he purchased a cotton mill, which he fitted 
up for a tack factory and operated it for two 
years. In 1867, he organized acompany and built 
the Bellaiie Nail AVorks. In 187? he bought the 


Ohio City Mill, now the Lauglilin Nail Mill, and 
(lid a very extensive business along that line. 

In 1881 Mr. Wethurald, with his son-in-law, 
S. li. Wells, liuili a glass factory in Massillon, 
Oliio. under til." name of the Wetherald ife Wells 
^Vi^dow Glass Company. In 18S7, he sold his 
entire interest in that concern to his partner, and 
going to Findlay. Ohio, built the .Salem Wire Nail 
Works, a large establishment, but in I88<J sold his 
interest in th.-it business and puic'hased the iron 
and steel rolling mill of Findlav, which he con- 

of the iron and steel rolling mill at I<'rankt<>n, 
moving most of the machinery from Findlay to 
this place. He entered into a partnership with 
.lohn Adams .•md built the Krankton Window 
(;ia-<s Works. 

On the 7tli of August, 181il, Air. Wetherald 
married Rosa, daughter of Abel Ililburn, a native 
of Pennsylvania. Her mother's maiden name was 
■\'ail. and she w:i>- also a nati\«' of rcnnsylvania. 
.Six children were born unto them, but .Sylvester 
K., Charles and Ida May are now deceased. 
Florence is the wife of S. R. Wells, jjroprietor of 
the glass manufactory of Greenfield, Ohio; Will- 
iam M. is the manager of the I-anghlin factory, of 
Martin's Feriy, Ohio; Harry O. is manager of the 
Wetherald Rolling Mill Company, of Frankton, 
Ind., in which his father still owns an interest. 
This completes the family. 

Mr. Wetherald never went to school in his life, 
ac<iuiring his education b}' jnivatc study in his 
few leisure hours. His whole life has been filled 
with work and care. At the time of his building 
the liellaire works, he had the entire management 
and planning. About eight hundred men are now 
employed there all of the time. He has experi- 
enced the usual hardships and difficulties, has met 
with losses and reverses, but po.ssessing unques- 
tionable courage and determination, he has over- 
come the obstacles and steadily worked his way 
ui)ward. The iron and steel works which he is 
now building in Krankton he will give to his two 
youngest children when completed, but will still 
retain his interest in the window glass works. He 
owns the Lakeview Hotel, besides some other 
property. Through the legitimate channels of 

business, he has achieved the success of which he 
may be truly proud, yet few men of his .-landing 
are as free from ostentation. He enjoys the true 
friendship of all who know him, and is held in 
the highest regard by those with whom lioth busi- 
ness and relations have brought him in con- 
tact. In politics, h,' is a stalwart K'epublican. 
His life has been an exemplary one, and he will 
leave to his children not only a handsome com- 
petence, but will endow them with that priceless 
lieritaiie. a good name. 


.\.\IF1. lilFF. I'romi.ioiit among the agri- 
culturists of .Madison Counly stands the 
name of Daniel Rife, who owns and op- 
erates a finely improved farm on .section 23, La- 
fayette Townshi)}. .Since locating on this place, 
he has licen enabled through industry and perse- 
verence to bring the soil under hit;h cultiwition 
and introduce a number of valuable ini|iidvfments. 
As a farmer, he is painstaking, energetic and en- 
terprising, possessing excellent judgment and 
sound common sense. Through a systematic rota- 
tion of crops and fertilization of the soil, every 
ac.'-e is made to produce the very bc^st results. The 
farm is embellished with suitable buildings, includ- 
ing a neat and comfortalde residence. 

A native of N'irginia. the subject of this sketch 
was born in Rockingham County on the :!d of 
March, 1831. being the .son of Daniel and .Sarah 
(fiarver) Rife, natives of the Old Dominion. I'pon 
his father's farm, he grew to man's estate, nc(jiiir- 
ing early in life a thorough knowledge of .'igricul- 
tural pursuits, which has been of inestimable value 
to him in his career. The schools of his youth 
were inferior in every respect, being conducted 
upon the subscrii)tion plan in log cabins, destitute 
of furnishings; the presiding genius of these 
tenii)les of learning was usually a man stern of 
vi.«age and forbidding of aspect, education limited to a meagre knowledge of the three 
Rs. Amid such sui-roundings as these was laid 
the foundation of the farmer l)oy'» education. 

November 6, 1850, occurred the marriage of 
Daniel Rife to ISIiss Delilah Sutherland, who was 


born in Roekingliani County, Va. Her father, 
Cla3'ton Sutherland, was of English descent, while 
her mother, whose maiden name was Susanna Dove, 
traced her lineage to Germany. Both were born 
in the Old Dominion. Nine children were born 
to the union of Mr. and Mrs. Rife, of whom five 
are now living, viz.: William H.; Sarah C, wife 
of James Gooding; George W., Virginia A. and 
Charles H. The two youngest sons are teachers by 

Accompanied by his family, Mr. Rife removed 
from Virginia to Indiana in 1853, settling in Henry 
County, and thence coming to Madison County, 
where he settled upon the site of his present farm. 
For ten years he resided in a log cabin, but success 
crowning his efforts, the pioneer home was re- 
placed by the large and substantial structure where 
he now resides. His farm consists of ninety acres, 
embellished with first-class improvements, and is a 
standing monument to his thrift and good man- 
agement. In all his enterprises, he has been aided 
by the cheerful co-operation of his excellent wife, 
who is a lady of culture and many noble qualities 
of iieart and mind. She is identified with the Ger- 
man Baptist Church, to which Mr. Rife also be- 
longs, and to the support of which he generously 
contributes. In his political affiliations he is a 
Democrat, and adheres with ardor and fidelity to 
the principles of his chosen party. 

J()IIN U. THOJIAS, Postmaster at Linwood. 
I and senior member of the mercantile firm 
. of Thomas & McGill, in that village, is a 
' native of Indiana, having been born in. 

Rush County, March 7, 1860. He is a son of 
Uriah and llulda (Ililligoss) Thomas, the former 
of whom was born in Kentucky, and the latter in 
Ohio. Early in life they came to Indiana and 
grew to maturity in Rush County, where they 
were united in marriage. Of their children, John 
U. is now the sole survivor, and the mother now 

makes her home with him, the father having died 
in 1884. 

Reared in Rush County until eighteen years of 
age, our subject then accompanied his parents to 
Alabama and resided in Morgan Count}' for about 
two years, returning to Rush County four years 
before they did so. After completing his literary 
studies, he engaged in teaching school, a profession 
which he followed in Alabama for two terms. He 
was married in 1880 to Miss Alma, daughter of 
James L. Mahan, and their union resulted in the 
birth of two children, Lelia E. and Raol O., both 
of whom are deceased. 

The second marriage of Mr. Thomas occurred 
on September 18, 1887, and united him with Miss 
Hattie, daughter of Thomas Ballard, of Madison 
County, Ind. They are the parents of two chil- 
dren, Clifton and Courtland. From early 3'outh 
our subject was familiar with the mercantile busi- 
ness, his father having been a merchant, and it 
was tlierefore natural that upon choosing an occu- 
pation in life, he decided to follow the vocation 
which he already thoroughly understood. In 1881 
he opened a dry-goods store in tlie village of 
Milledgeville, Ind., but after conducting that 
enterprise for a short time, he removed to Ala- 
bama, where he taught school. 

Subsequently returning to Rush County, Mr. 
Thomas embarked in agricultural pursuits, and 
was thus engaged for a brief period. In 1886 he 
came to Linwood, and with shrewd discernment 
foreseeing the future growth and importance of 
this village, he began business as a merchant here. 
Under the firm name of Parker & Thomas, he 
conducted a large trade in partnership with J. V. 
Parker, the connection continuing for two years. 
Afterward he engaged in merchandising in part- 
nership with Harvey Hallenbeck, the firm title 
being Hallenbeck & Thomas. One year was thus 
spent, when Peter McGill purchased Mr. Hallen- 
beck's interest, and the present partnership was 
formed. The firm carries a stock valued at $1,400. 
while the annual sales exceed $6,000. 

A Republican in politics, Mr. Thomas in 1892 
received the appointment of Postmaster at Lin- 
wood, and is the present incumbent of the oflice, 
discharging its varied and responsible duties with 


^^^^i^^f^i^uc^ ^^^P~^^/l-tZ€^7-V-i/^ 


cllicioiicy. lie is .also the agent for till' I'.iu- I'diir 

Assessor of Lafaj-elte TowiLsliip. In his associa- 
tion with liis fellow-citizens lie is upright and con- 
scientious, and justly ranks among tlie suc- 
cessful nuMi of the couutv. 




3lf ni 

of the residents of Madison Coi 
are unfamiliar with the name in 
this sketch. It is that of a man 
th'e broadest sense of that term, one who in his 
youth resolved to make life a success, if that re- 
sult couhl he secured by industry aiul wise man- 
agement. Without the [jrestige of family or 
the influence of wealth to aid him, he has worked 
his way to the foremost position among the citizens 
of Anderson, where he has resided since 187;>. At 
the present time he is officiating as Clerk of the 
:\Iadison Circuit Court, the only court of jurisdic- 
tion co-extensive with the county. 

Of Irish birth and parentage, our subject w;is 
born in the city of Dublin, February 7, 1849. IIis 
Internal ancestors were French people, his great- 
grandfather having been born in that country. 
The name was originally De Nettervilie, but after 
leaving France the prefix was dropped. Grand- 
father Nettervilie was a well-to-do farmer in 
County Mayo, Ireland. Our subject's father also 
engaged in farming in that country, and from there 
emigrated to America and settled in Pennsylvania, 
where he died in 1851. After his demise, his 
widow, whose maiden name was JIargaret Murphy, 
took her two children to Canada, in the fall of 
1851, and made her home with lier brother, about 
sixty miles from Toronto. In 1887 siie came to 
Anderson, where she has since resided. Her chil- 
dren are: Frank, who died at the .age of four years; 
and James J., of this sketch. 

James J. Nettervilie lived in Canada until he 
was twelve years of ago, and then adopted the ad- 
vice of Horace Greeley to "(io west, young man," 
and started out to paddle his own canoe. His lirst 
sojourn was at Detroit, Mich., where he was em- 

in K 



lei. After remaiiiing Ihc 
to Chicago. Toward thee 
effort to enlist in the ariny Iml «:is not ncciplcd. 
However, iiaving resolved to enter m the aruiy. he 
went to Milwauliee and tcudcii'd his services. In 
October, I8fi4, he. was mustered in and w;vs sent to 
Governor's Island, where hi' was assigned to Com- 
pany K, Seventeenth New York Infantry. After 
serving on the i-l:ind a short time, he was trans- 
ferred to Te.xas, whilher he went on the ship -De 
S(,to," landing at fiMlvest,.)ii. Kroiri ( ial vest.ui he 
went with his commaiid to l'',! I'aso, which is on 
the Rio Crande, about four huiidivd miles from 
Austin. He s.M-ved in T.'Xas al^.u! .■iulileen 
months, and w.-is then t r.^insfcrred to i;icliin.>n(l, 

Va. Tliat state wn- then not r( nslruclcd am) 

the trooi)s were put in charge of tlie Howard 
(irove Hospital and assigned to the protection of 

At tlie end of a year Mi 
was sent to Ft. Cheyenne, 
there until October, 1k7(i, 
with the rank of Serge.aii 
Chicago, where he waseiii| 

. Xelterville-scommand 
D.ak., .an.l he remained 
wlieii he was discharged 
I le then returned to 
)lo\-eil as time-keeper in 

the North Chicago Rolling Mills. Tli.. works hav- 
ing been destroyed liy tire in ISTK.Mr. Netter- 
vilie went to Cincinnati, where he accepted a posi- 
tion in the wholesale and retail dry-goods house 
of H. B. Claflin & Co., of York. While so 
employed he was united in marri.-ige with Miss 
Amanda, daughter of .lames and luiiilN- (Ross) 
Smith. She was born in I'.oone Town>liip, Madi- 
son County, Ind., of which her parents were 
settlers, her father being a proinineiit farmer. .Mr. 
Nettervilie remained in Cincinnati until is;.-,, 
when, with liis wife, he located in Anderson and 
invested about §.3.500 in the grocery business. 
After following that business about one year he 
engaged in farming in Boone Township. 

Disliking this vocation, ]\Ir. Netlervilh' began 
the study of law under C. I). Thompson, now de- 
ceased. Within a year he was appointed deputy 
for County Cl.ak IJ. 11. Hannah, and contin- 
ue<l as such under the a(]miiiistration of Jesse L. 
Henry. After three years' service in the Clerk's 
office, be was appointed Deputy County Treasurer 


by Geoi-e Ross. In these public capacities he had | and is surrounded by such factories as the Ander- 
an exceUent opportunity to become acquainted I son Paper Company and the American Wire Nail 
with the people, which he improved so judiciously j Corap-iny. He is the owner of a splendid business 

that the Democratic convention of 1885 nomi- 
nated him for County Clerk, and he was elected 
by a majority of three hundred and fifty, in spite 
of the fact that some of his fellow-candidates for 
other ottices were defeated by four luindred ma- 
jority. He assumed the duties of his office in 
1886. In 1889 be was renominated without oppo- 
sition, and was elected by four hundred majority. 
When he was first inducted into office Anderson's 
population was forty-five hundred and twenty, 
iind durini); his incumbency the city grew to nearly 
twonty-tiyp tliousand, and three deputies became 

In 1887 Mr. Netterville bought Secretary of 
State Myers' interest in the weekly Democrat, as- 
sociating himself with Dale J. Crittenberger in its 
publication. In 1891 a daily edition of the Dem- 
ocrat was begun. Mr. Crittenberger having been 
appointed Postmaster by President Cleveland, the 
paper was sold to the Democrat Company in 1893. 
Mr. Netterville helped to organize and was made 
Secretary of the Anderson Fuel Company, which 
had a capital stock of 1250,000 and owned twenty- 
five natural gas wells. His residence at No. 115 
West Eleventh Street is one of the finest and best 
equip|)ed in the cit}'. He and his wife had five 
ciiildrcn: Lorena May, George F., Victoi' Hugo, 
.lames J., Jr., and Emily Ross. Two of the children, 
(ieorge and Victor, are deceased. The former 
died at the age of seven, and the latter when 
four years old. 

Mr. Nettcrvillo Ikis prominent connection with 
the Knights of I'ytliias. tlie Knights Templar 
and the Odd Fellows, :ind was a i)articipant 
when tiie Patriarch's Militant took the prize. 
In political affiliation!" he was a Democrat, and 
lias held the position of Chairman of the County 
Committee several terms. He is a systematic organ- 
izer, and an energetic worker, and has been sent 
as delegate to manj' state and county conven- 
tions. He has always taken great interest in the 
location of industrial estal)lishments. In connec- 
tion witli Col. Storer he platted Grandview Addi- 
tion of four hundred lots, wliich is now built up, 

block on Meridian Street, and his enterprise has 
materially promoted the growth of Anderson. 

UDOLPH WAYJNIIRE, one of the prosper- 
ous and intelligent farmers of Madison 
County, Ind., keeps thoroughly abreast of 
"^^ the times in the progress and improve- 
ment of his calling, and is well posted on the cur- 
rent topics of the day, conversing with judgment 
and intelligence on leading subjects. In tracing 
back the ancestors of this representative citizen we 
find that he is of German descent on the paternal 
side, his great-grandfather, .John Rudolph Way- 
mire, having come from that country to this at an 
early date. He settled in North Carolina, and 
there Rudolph Waymire, the grandfather of our 
subject was born. He enlisted in theAVarof 1812, 
and later came to Wayne County, Ind. 

The father of our subject, Neely Waymire, was 
born in North Carolina, but removed with his par- 
ents to Wayne County, Ind., when small, and there 
grew to mature years. He married Miss Lydia 
Tharp, also a native of North Carolina, and in 
1843 removed to Madison County, Ind., settling 
in Pipe Creek Township. There his death occurred 
in 1854. He was one of the early settlers and a 
very successful farmer. For many years he held 
membership in tiie Methodist Episcopal Church, 
and no man was more highly respected than he. 
In politics he was a Democrat. To his marriage 
were born eight children, our subject being second 
in order of birth. Mrs. Waymire's father, .Jehu 
Tharp, was a native of North Carolina but at an 
early date came to Wayne County, Ind., where he 
passed the closing scenes of his life. His son, James 
Sharp, was born during the journey from North 
Carolina to Indiana. His wife's maiden name was 
Rebecca Ann Tharp. 

Rudolph Waymire, subject of this brief memoir, 
was born in Wayne County, Ind.. November 17, 



1839, and was educated in tlie schools of Madison 
County, whither his father removed wiien he was 
about four 3"ears of age. When sixteen years of 
age, after his motiier's second marriage, lie left 
JKinie and began working by the month as a farm 
hand, continuing this for about tlirec jears. After 
that he began farming for himself, and in about 
18()0 he embarked in the grain trade in Krankton. 
Five years later he again resumed farming, and 
tliis has been his principal occupation since. For 
twenty-one years he has resided on liis present 
farm, and he now has it in first-class condition, 
with good barns, fences, etc. 

His happy domestic life began on the 3d of June, 
1865, when Miss Margaret J. Dipboyc Ijecame his 
wife. Her parents. Jonathan and Eleanor Dip- 
boye, were natives of Virginia, but cainc to Indi- 
ana in childlioiid, and ware among the pioneers of 
Henry C'nunty. Mr. and Mrs. Waymiie became 
the parents of five cliildren, four of whom are 
now living: Oliver II., Jonathan D. (deceased), 
Alva H., Leuna M. and Charles D. Mr. Way- 
mire has been Justice of the Peace for six years, 
and has lield other local positions. In polities he 
is Democratic. For a number of jears lie has been 
a member of the Cliristian Ciiurch, and he is also 
a member of the Masonic order. In every walk of 
life he is highly respected, and by his genial, so- 
cial nature has won a host of warm friends. 


mer residir 
' Township, 1 
' West Chest! 

JOSEPH D. KINNARD, a representative far. 
on section 16, Fall Creek 
was born January 30, 1847, near 
^^Jj West Chester, Pa., and is a son of Jolin II. 
and Elizabeth C. (Dunwoody) Kinnard. Tlie 
grandfather, William Kinnard, was born in tlie 
same county, Inil ids father was a native of the 
Emerald Isle. Tlie former followed fanning and 
spent tiis entire life in Pennsylvania. His family 
of seven cliildren was as follows: Caleb, William, 
Montgomery, John H., Deborah, Emma and Mary. 
With the exception of Montgomery, ail were mar- 
ried and reared families. 

John H. Kinnard was born in Bradford Township, 

Chester County, Pa., in February, 181.'), and in 
1858 emigrated to Indiana, loc;iting on section 21, 
Fall Creek Township, where he pMicli:i>cd two 
hundred and twenty acres of land. tmniiiL; his at- 
tention to its cultivation, lie (IIimI of typhoid 
fever, November 19, 1891, and one of his sons 
died in Octolier of the same year. His wife passed 
away Jaiiuuiy ll!. l<S'.)-_>, licr discMsc being liiurippc. 

joined the ranks of the Repulilican party. Cen- 
erons and benevolent, he contributed liiierally to 
everything calculated to prf)mote the public wel- 
fare and was an IiohommI and rrspccted citi/.eii. 
The Kinnard family iiumlicriMl nine cliildri'ii: .lo- 
seph D., William i;., Mary K.; Owen II., of Mni- 
neaiiolis, Minn.; Charles S.. deceased; ( m'oiuc and 
Ellen D., twins; Jt)hn II.. who died at the age of 
one year; and Lewis D. The mother of this fam- 
ily was born in the Keystone St(in(', and her par- 
ents, Joseph and Eleanor (Brooke) Dunwoody, 
were also natives of Chester County, Pa. Her fa- 
ther followed farming throughout life. He held 
membership with the Society of Friends, and in 
political belief was a Whig and IJcpulilii'an. His 
death occurred in the state of his nativity, and his 
wife died in Indiana in 1876, in her eightieth 
year. Their children were: Jesse, Lewis, Joseph, 
Elizabeth, Mary, Rachel, Ellen and Martha J. 

In taking up the personal history of our subject, 
we present to our readers the life record of one 
who is widely and favorably known in this com- 
munity. In the usual manner of farmer l.xds the 
days of his boyhood and youth were i)assed. He 
received a high school education and at the age 
of twenty-three began farming for himself. He 
rented land until the fall of 1881, when he [lur- 
cliased one hundred and twenty : cres on section 
16, Fall Creek Township, and liegan the develop- 
ment of what is now a line farm, highly improved 
and cultivated. He is considered one of the rep- 
resentative and enterprising agriculturists of the 
community. In politics lie is a Repul)lican, but 
has never been an office seeker, preferring to devote 
his .'ittention to his busine.«s interests. 

On the 2d of November, IS71. Mr. Kinnard was 
united in marriage with Sarah Hardy, who was 
born in Fall Creek Township, and is a daughter 



of Neal and Elizabeth (Fussell) Hardy. They 
have tlireo children: P'lank. .lolin H. and Morris 
II. The Kinnard household is the abode of hos- 
pitality, and oursubject and his wife are highly re- 
s|)ected citizens of the ooninnniity in which they 
make their home. 

^^'LBEKT H. SEARS, M. I)., a prominent 
(@^/j| practicing physician and surgeon of An- 
il li) derson, was born in Stony Creek Town- 
<^ ship, Madison County, near the village of 

Lapel, May 5, 1860, and is the son of George W. 
Sears, a native of Brown County, Ohio. His pa- 
ternal grandfather was born, it is supposed, in 
England. He came to New Yoik and there married. 
He engaged in farming in Canada, and while re- 
siding there was drafted into the Canadian army. 
His inclinations, however, were not on the side of 
England, although he traced his ancestry' to that 
country. During the battle of Lundy's Lane he 
deserted the army, and fleeing from Canada his 
immense possessions there were confiscated and 
entirely lost to the family. He came to the wilds 
of Ohio and engaged in tilling the soil of Brown 
County, whence in 1830 he ]eraoved to Henry 
County, I nd., and there followed Mgricultural pur- 
suits until his demise. 

George W. Sears was reared on a farm in Henry 
County until the age of twenty, when he was mar- 
ried and a few years afterward removed to Mad- 
ison County, locating near Stony Creek among the 
unbroken forests of that section, where his mother- 
in-law had entered a tract of land and where she 
resided with hiin until her death in 1885. He be- 
came the possessor of two hundred acres of fertile 
land, which he changed from the forest and 
swamp into rich, productive soil and upon which 
he placed all the improvements of a first-class 
farm. His death, which occurred April IJ, 18;)2, 
was universally mourned by the people among 
whom he had passed almost the entire period of 
his active life. For forty years or more he had 
been a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church 
and was one of its prominent Class-leaders. He 

was an earnest, zealous Christian and lived before 
I the world in his daily life the principles and tenets 
I of his faith with zeal and integrity. In politics 
he was a strong Republican, devoted to the inter- 
ests of his chosen party. During the early part of 
I tlie Civil War he enlisted in the service and 
j started with his company for headquarters, but 
upon reporting for duty he found that the desired 
quota had been filled, and accordingly returned 

The mother of our subject was Catherine, 
daughter of John Graham, who emigrated to 
America from Yorkshire, England, and settled in 
Henry County, Ind., where she was born in 1822. 
Her death occurred in Madison County in 1887, 
after forty-seven years of a useful and happy mar- 
ried life. Her mother's maiden name was Eliza- 
I betli Shetterly, who was born in Pennsj^lvania, 
I whither her father had emigrated from Germany. 
I In the family of George W. Sears there were nine 
I children, six of whom are now living, Albert H. 
j being the youngest of the number. He was reared 
I on the home farm and enjoyed such advantages 
as were afforded by the common schools, barred 
many times from that, meagre as it was, by neces- 
sary work on the farm. At the age of twenty-one 
' he commenced to teach school in his home town- 
\ ship, where for seven winters he followed the pi-o- 
I fession, attending school during the summer sea- 

In 1882 our subject entered the National Nor- 
j mal at Lebanon, Ohio, and was graduated from 
j that institution in 1886, with the degree of Bach- 
elor of Science. He then accepted the principal- 
ship of the Fishersburg school, where he remained 
for two years, meantime employing his leisure 
hours in the studj' of medicine. In 1888 he en- 
tered the Hahnemann Medical College .it Chicago, 
remaining there until his graduation in 1890 with 
the degree of Doctor of Medicine. Afterward he 
opened an office at No. \%h West Ninth Street, 
Anderson, where he has since conducted an exten- 
sive and profitable practice. 

The marriage of the Doctor occurred in Ander- 
son May 20, 1890, uniting him with Miss Olive 
Walter, who was born in Wayne County, Ind., 
I and was reared to womanhood in Madison County 



SluMs a cultured and accoinplislied lady and occu- 
pies a prominent |)osilion in the social circles of 
the city. She and tiie Doctor find a religious 
home in tlie Methodist Episcopal C'liurch,in wliicli 
they arc workers and generous contributors. 
Socially, the Doctor is identified with liie Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, being a member 
of tlie encampment at Anderson, lie :iImi allii- 
iates witli the Order of l\raccal)ees. .-niil Ihc .Aliiigo 
Tribe of Red Men. being the Past S.ichcm i.f liis 
tribe and having served as delegate to the Orand 
Lodge. He is a member of the State Homeopathic 
Association and alleiids its meetings whenever 

be lead with interest and (irohl, for it illustrates 
tlie power of self-help and untiring perseverance. 
His boyhood ambition was to gain knowledge and 
he followed teaching in order to obtain money 
with which to pay his tuition at college. Witliout 
the aid of inllnential friends he has worked his 
way to a fimii rank among the successful young 
physicians ,,f ihis section of the state and 
g;iineii an enviable reputation as a skillful physi- 
cian and surgeon. 

[ ^-_. in (ireen Townsliip, Hr.- 
0[i tlie light of day in llarr 

IRK, who is living 
it opened his e\es to 
'^^JJ^ the light of day in Harrison Towiishi]). Del- 
aware County, Ind.. January 20, ls;57. The 
grandfather, Peter Van l!uskii-k, was a grandson 
of a Holland emigrant who became the founder of 
the family in America. Peter was bom in ^'irgill- 
ia and went to Pickaway County, Ohio, prior to 
the AVar of 1812. He raised the first house in iiis 
section, and in the Buckeye State spent his re- 
maining days. Ilis children were .)ohn, Lewis, 
Daniel, Isaac, Abbie and Polly. 

Daniel Van Buskirk, father of our subject, was 
born in Pickaway County, Ohio, in March. 1808, 
and in 183C> went to Delaware County, where he 
entered one liundreil and sixtj' acres of land and 
improved a farm, making his home thereon until 
his death in May, 186L In politics he was a Dem- 
ocrat and was an active and devoted member and 

•;ider in the CInistiau Churcli. A man of 
ig convictions, he expressed hi< views fear- 
', regardless of consequences, and iii> ilu'i-cby 
the unbounded confidence and gucid will nf 
He married Nancy Funck, who sin vivcci him 
the spring of 1879. Of their nine children, 
1 grew to mat.iire \ears. I'',lleii, .bniies ('. and 

Mas,, 11 
W., A I 

;, Saiah .1.. Nelsuii and .lolili. 
If.-ith.T ,,f ,nir suhjrcl. Conrad 
r of I'eiinsylvMiiia. followed ag- 
rii'ullural pursuits .■inil die. I in the liurkeye State. 
Ceorge W. \Mn liuskirk acpi ired his education 
in the old-time log sclioolhouse and remained 
with his father until twenty-four years of age. 
Having earned eiKiUgh to bu\- a ti'ani he spent six 
months wf)rkiiig on a faiiii in lllin<,is. He wed- 
ded Senith M. StoviT. daughter of .loM/ph and Su- 
san (Smith) Stover. They became parents <,f four 
children, .Joseph I).. Uilli.nn .1.. l-;ii/.a (wi.iowof 

j Charles Ogle) and Ceorgc W. ■jiic ther de- 

' parted this life in .luiie, luT'.t. ami <Mir subject 
I afterwards married Betsy, daughter of Lewis and 
Mary (Olvey) Klepfer. The grandfather, Henry 
Klepfer, a farmer of Cerman descent. In 
1827 he removed to Wayne County, Ind. His son, 
Lewis, was lK)rn in Pennsylvania .-umI became an 
agiiculturist of Hamilton County, Iiid. Through- 
out his life he followed farming. By his marriage 
he had the following children: Susanna. I.ncy L., 
Octavia A., Isaac B., Polly A., Betsy A. and .lohn 
H. Mrs. Van P.uskiik was born Man-h I \. 18:)2. 

After his first marriage our subject rented the 
old homestead. Ilis first farm comprised forty 
acres in the eastern part of the count}', lie after- 
wards bought and sold several farms and in 1887 
located on one hundred acres of land on section 
4, (ireen Township. For two and a half years he 
operated a mill in this county, and on selling 
bought one hundred and twenty acres in Hamilton 
County, where he resided for nineteen years. 
After this he spent two and one-half years in 
Noblesville merch.'indisiug. lie then spent two 

took u)) his residence' at his present place of abode. 

He has been successful in his business operations, 

I and by jiersevcrance, energy- and well directed ef- 



forts has attained a position among the substan- 
tial citizens of tiie community. In politics he is a 
Democrat, and himself and wife are members of the 
Christian Church. He manifests a commendable 
interest in everjthing pertaining to the welfare of 
the community, and is a public spirited and pro- 
gressive cili/.en who well descrv^^s representation 
in this volume. 

PR. .lONAS STEWART, practicing physician 
) and surgeon, and Secretary of the Board of 
Examinuig Surgeons for Pensions, is an An- 
derson citizen who has achieved success through 
his own exertions. He was born in Salem Town- 
ship, Delaware County, Ind., on the 26th of Jan- 
uary 1843, and is the son of Lewis Stewart, who 
was born in Highland County, Ohio. The grand- 
father was William Stewart, who was a farmer in 
Highland Count3-'. He brought his family to In- 
diana in 1828 or 1830, and located in Fall Creek 
Township on Deer Creek, Henry County, where he 
cleared a farm in the wilderness, and continued to 
live there until the day of his death. He was of 
Scotch-Irish descent, was in the AVar of 1812, 
and a i)rofessor in the faith of the Christian 
Chuicli. Di. Stewart's father was married in Del- 
aware Cduiily, and was a school teacher by occu- 
pation. He died in Salem Township in the year 
1846, at the age of twenty -three years. His mother 
was Mary ('ram[)ton, who was born in Hagerstown, 
jMaryhind. She was the daughter of James Crann)- 
ton, a farmer, who settled near Troy, Miami 
County, where he died. His mother died near 
Daleville, Delaware County, on the 8th. of April 
1887, at the .age of sixty-eight years. There were 
two children, Dr. Stewart, and a brother named 
Henry C. They both enlisted in Company E, 
Fourty-fourth Ohio. The brother was shot through 
the head and killed at ]\It. Jackson, Va., on the 
22d of November, 1864, after serving nearly 
through the war. 

Dr. Stewart was raised in Delnware County, 
near Dahnille, and when not woiking on tlie farm 

attended the common schools. He attended the 
Northwestern Christian Universit3', now Butler 
University, at Indianapolis, two years. In 1862 
he and his brother went east on a visit, and it was 
while absent that both entered the army. Soon 
after, being mustered in at Springfield, the Four- 
ty-fourth was sent south and began skirmishing in 
in Kentucky. In the fall of 1862 Dr. Stewart was 
attacked with typhoid fever, and after recovering 
was put on detached duty at Lexington and Camp 
Nelson as clerk in the ordnan(« department. 
Just before the siege of Knoxville, Tenn., he re- 
.joined his regiment and participated in the siege. 
In Ai»ril, 1866, he was in the expedition to Lynch- 
burg, and was of the rear guard in the battle of 
Liberty on the retreat, at which time the regiment 
lost eight}- men in killed and wounded. He was 
in the two battles at Beverly- and served until the 
war closed, and mustered out at Clarksburg, 
Va., on the 30th of M.ay, 1865. On returning 
home he re-entered the Northwestern University 
and remained one year. 

In 1866 he began the study of medicine, and 
studied under Dr. R. Griffith, of Middletown. In 
1867 he entered the medical department of the 
Michigan University. After attending one terra 
he returned home and engaged in teaching school 
in order to obtain money with which to pursue his 
studies. In 1870 he entered Long Island College 
Hospital, Brooklyn, and graduated with the de- 
gree of M. D. On the 23d of August, 1870, he 
located in Anderson, and entered into the practice 
of medicine, in which he has engaged ever since 
alone, excepting one year of partnership with Dr. 
C. S. Burr, now of Chicago. 

Dr. Stewart has been a member of the City 
Council one term. On the 17th of April, 1889, he 
was appointed a member of the Examining Board 
of Pensions by President Harrison, and during the 
time has served as Secretary of the Board. He 
is the examining surgeon for eight leading life in- 
surance companies. His social connections are 
with the Madison County Medical Society, Amer- 
ican Medical Association. Indiana State Medical 
Society, and Knights of Honor. He is a charter 
member of Major May Post, G. A. R., an Elder in 
the Chrisiain Church, and a member of the Citi- 



zeiis' Gas Corapanj'. He is a true blue Republican 
•allliough not an active politician. His office is at 
tlie cdiiiiT of Kiiihtli and Main Streets, and lie 
resides at Xn. 21 Delaware. 

On tlie 4tli of September, 1870, Dr. J. Stewart 
and Miss Maliala Brandon were married at Mid- 
dletown, Henry County. Mrs. Stewart was born 
ill Delaware Couiitv. liid. 



D^ATHAN W. HUNT, an extensive agriciilt- 
Jj iirist wlio is prosperously cultivating the 
ij soil of a line farm located in Boone Town- 
ship, MadiMin County, iiul.. was Ikuii December 
•28, l.SIl, ill Washington (ouiity. Iowa. His 
father. Wilson Hunt, a native of Nortli Carolina, 
was born In I.Sd'.i. and in 1825 removed to Wayne 
County, 1 lid., where he found ready employment 
as a farm hand. In 1849, journeying to the far 
west, he k)cated in Iowa, but after a residence of 
four ye:us in the Hawkeye State returned to Indi- 
ana, and in IS.",.') located permanently in Boone 
Township, where lie passed away in 1858. The 
paternal grandfather, Jesse Hunt, likewise a native 
of North Carolina, was undoubtedly of Scotch an- 
cestry, and was a man of industrious habits and 
sterling integrity. 

The mother of Nathan W.. Millix.n (Wilson) 
Hunt, was the daughter of Sannul and Ke/.iah 
(Lamb) Wilson, of North ( 'aiolinn. Oui subject 
was the eighth child win. hh-.-scd the union of the 
parents. He reeeived his primary (■dui-ation in 
the district schools of Henry County, I ml., and 
completed his studies in Madison Count}, to which 
locality he removed with his father and mother 
when about fifteen years of age. lie was early 
trained to agriculluial duties upon the home- 
stead, and when nineteen years old began life for 
himself working on neighboring farms. Contin- 
uing in his peaceful vocation until .July, 18()2, 
:\Ir. Hunt then enlisted in Company C, Twelfth 
Indiana Infantry, and was niusleied in at Indian- 
apolis August ;U). 

During the tirst hatt le at Riebm lour subject 

was wounded and left on the Meld. He was caii- 

tured,biitin a few d.-iys paroleil. was leliirned to In- 
dianapolis, where lie reniai i;ed until, vehan-ed. He 

was then forwarded to (Jiand .liincli I, hence to 

Collierville, an<l continued m the latter place 

I until the spring of 180;!. At this time, being ill, 
Mr. Hunt was furlouglied, spending a few days at 
home. Having recovered, he rej(/iiicd his rei;!- 

I ment at Vicksburg, Miss., and about Seiitember !(• 

I went to Memphis. He later engaged in the Tennes- 
see campaign, and during the winter of !W(i3-(>l 
inarching through Tennessee, Alabama and ( ieor- 
gia, participated in numerous skirmishes and took 

! part in the fight at Mis-ion Kidge. wIkmc many a 
brave man yielded up his life. In the spring of 
1861 the regiment engaged in the Atlanta cain- 
jiaign, and were in the thickest of the battle at Re- 

, saca, Ga., entering likewise into various fights 
near New Hope Church, (ia. Our suhjeet was 
wounded in the eye .-iiid sent to tlic field hoS|)ital, 
after which he was furlonghed home, and at the 
expiration of the furlough rep.jrting to Indianapo- 
lis it was renewed. Finally recuperated, Mr. Hunt 
again rejoined his command and passed the winter 
at Chattanooga. In .lune. 1865, our subject was 
mustered out of the service in Washington, D. C. 
He then located iiermane'nlly in Madison County, 
and has since devoted liiniself to agricultural i)ur- 
suits with success. 

In 186:i were united in maniage Nathan W. 
Hunt and Miss .Sarah Francis, daughter of .Micajah 
and Electa (Street) P'rancis. The Francis family 
were early settlers of Virginia, widely and highly 
respected in the Old Dominion. The Streets were 

Into the union of our subject and his worthy 
wife were born thirteen children, of whom the fol- 
lowing yet survive: Florc^nce, Millison, .lohn A., 
Micajah W.; Louisa M., wife of .loseph (Cochran; 
Clarence \., Herman L., Will.ur O. and Marvin K. 
Of the sons and daughters all with the exce|)tion of 
Clarence reside in Madison County. I'lie devoted 
mother entered into rest in I8;t0. In 18;t2 Mr. 
Hunt again marrieil, wedding Miss Laura Krat/.in- 
ger, of Waliash County, liid.. a lady . if culture 
and superior ability. 

Our subject is a wiliied member of the Metho- 
dist Kiii.scopal Church, and is fraternall}' associated 



with Lodge No. 428, I. O. O. F., and has been 
through all the chairs. He is a member of the 
encami)raeiit at Klwood and in the order numbers 
a host of friends. Politically, a Republican, Mr. 
Hunt has never aspired to office, but is content to 
do his duty at the polls, and. as so many years 
ago, he is to-day the same, a true and loyal Ameri- 
can citizen, ever ready to lend a helping iiand in 
matters of [iublic welfare. 

WILLIAM F.OLAXD, Treasurer of Madison 
County, was born in Middletown. Henry 
County, ln<I., March 25, 1857, and is one 
of the five surviving children who comprise the 
family of Patrick and Ellen (Tieruey) Boland. 
His father was born in County Tipperary, Ireland, 
of the union of William and Mary (Murphy) Bo- 
land. and was a descendant of a long line of emi- 
nent Irish ancestry. 

Patrick Boland, the father of our subject, was 
educated in the schools of his native land, and 
spent his boyhood years upon a farm. In .Tanuary, 
1845, he was united in marriage in County Tij)- 
pcrary with Miss Ellen, daughter of Daniel and 
Katherine ( Kiley) Tier^ic^'. Believing that he could 
better his condition in America, Mr. Boland immi- 
grated to this country in 1850, landing in New 
Orleans, and shortly afterwards carae to Dearborn 
County, Ind. In 1852 his wife left her native 
home to join him, being accompanied by their 
only surviving child, a daughter, two other chil- 
dn-n having died in Ireland. The family con- 
tinued to live in Dearborn County until 1855, 
then removed to .Mid<lletown, Henry Count}', and 
from there, in October, 1883, came to Anderson. 
In Henry County the father worked as section 
foreman on a railroad, and was a faithful, con- 
scientious employe. Politically he was a Demo- 
crat, religiously a Catholic, his wife also being a 
member of that church. His death occurred March 
21, 1884, at the age of sixty-six years. He had a 
family of twelve children, of whom five are now 

At the age of twelve years, the subject of 

this sketch removed from Middletown to Ander- 
son, and remained there for four years, meantime 
attending the public and parochial schools of the 
place. In May. 1873, he went to Indianapolis, 
and became an employe in a shoe store, where he 
remained until .July 1876. During the time Mr. 
Boland resided at Indianapolis, he took a night 
course of instruction at the Bryant & Stratton 
Business College, and there laid the foundation of 
the thorough, practical education which he now 
employs so successfully in bis business transactions 
with the world. Being taking ill, Mr. Boland re- 
turned to his father's home in Middletown, and 
remained there until March, 1879, when he came 
to Anderson and entered the employ of T. M. 
Norton, the well known brewer, with whom he re- 
mained until July 31, 1893, meiintime working in 
various capacities and discharging eveiT duty so 
acceptably that he was finally placed in charge of 
the brewery office. While thus employed, he con- 
tributed largely to the progress and development 
of the business, and established himself as a gen- 
tleman of rare business ability. As it did not in- 
terfere with his business engagements at the time, 
he was tendered, and accepted, the appointment of 
Engrossing Clerk in the State Legislature in the 
winter of 1883. This position he filled with credit 
to himself and to the satisfaction of the House of 

On the 29th of March, 1884, he received the 
nomination for City Clerk on the Democratic 
ticket, and during May of the same year was elec- 
ted to the office, entering upon his duties the first 
Monday of September. He discharged the duties 
of his office with fidelity for a term of two years. 
On the 18th of .June, 1892, he nominated by 
the Count}' Democracy- for Treasurer, and was 
elected in the following November by the largest 
plurality on the ticket. The contest was a severe 
one, and success was achieved onlj' after the hard- 
est political struggle ever witnessed in the county. 
Mr. Boland entered upon his duties of Treasurer 
August 15, 1893, and is the present incumbent of 
that highly responsible office. 

Socially, Mr. Boland is prominently identified 
with the Anderson Club, of wliich lie was Vice- 
President for oiie3ear, and subsequently President 






for six months. He is also a nn'inber of the Com- 
mercial Tiavelers' Association of Indiana, and 

a rej,nilar attendant u|i(in its uiuiual ineetiii-s. 
The success which has cr.iwucil his eftoi-t> is the 
result of unremitting toil, together with many at- 
tractive qualities of both heart and mind. Never 
derelict in the performance of any duty, he was 
never known to forget a fuvor or a friend. Hon- 
orable and candid with all men, he is in c\ery 
sense a gentleman. 





mil II; 

uigeou of Cic 
ential citizen of Noblesvi 
prouiinence in the profes>io 
he served for one term as I 
ty Medical Society, for foui 
the I'nited States I'cM>ic,n !• 
Noblesvllle, and for foui 
tor of the Grand Aiuiy 
state of Indian;!. 

Horn in Marion Com 
our subject has from y< 
lied with the growth ai 
His father, Robert Tuckt 
was a pioneer of Indiansi 

boasted only five bund 
llif lirst cabinetmaker in the pl.icc. and, as the 
poimlation increased, found ready cniphiy uu'nt at 
his trade. His wife, whose niaidm name w.-is I'Mz- 
ahelh C. Reed, was born in \irgiiiia and a daugh- 
ter of Archibald Reed, who located in Indian- 
apolis in 1819. He served as Colonel in the War 
of 1812, and later represented his constituents in 
the State Legislature of Indiana. 

The Tucker family was of Irish origin and was 
early represented in Virginia, wli 
Tucker made liis home. A gall: 
listed in the Colonial army <luri 
tionarv War and as Captain of a 

ind i 

now an iiillu- 

c. A 

inan of great 

■Ic- of the state. 

as I'lCMdeutof 


uing Bureau of 

Ills as 

Medical Direc- 


icpublic f<u- the 


March 24, 184 4, 


closely identi- 

ss of the state. 


c of Kentucky, 

(1 ^ct 

led in Indian- 


Ihuirishing city 


itant>. lie was 

ere Crandfather 
.nt man, he en- 
ig the Revolu- 
\'irginian regi- 

participated wi 
1812, and both 




ipany U, 
nded liy 
\ Wibl.'r, 
a. .\fter 
rablv dis- 

Sevciitecnth Indiana Infantry, c 
Col. .lohn Haskell, later by Col. .b 
and assigned to the Army of \ 
serving for eleven moiillis, he was 
charged on account of disability. I'pou his lecuv- 
ery, he again enlisted, in the sumiiur of l.S(;2, be- 
coming a member of Company I). Seventy -si'cond 
Indiana Infantry, under Col. A.C. MiUer. assi-ned 
to the Army of the Cumberland. In the winter of 

1802 the conimand was unlcd, .and our subject 

was detaih'd as scout in Wilder's Ihigade, serving 
in that capacit.y until the close of the Cliicka- 
mauga campaign. He was then promoted to Divi- 
sion scout, under the command of Ceneral (iar- 
rard, in the Atlanta campaign, after which he 
promoted to corps scout, under command of Cvu. 
(icorge H. Thomas. After Hood's retreat, in the 
winter of 1864, he nas ir.ansrerred to ( U-maal Wil- 
son's corps of scouts. 

Among the engagements m which Dr. Tucker 
jiarticipated ma.y be nicntioned the following: 
(ireejibrier, Va., in 18(;i, Hoover's Gap, Manches- 
ter, siege of Chattanooga, Harrison's. Landing, 
lUtzzard's Roost, Kock Springs, Chickaniauga, 
Resaca, Oak Chuicii, D.iltoii. Altoona Pass, Big 
Shanty, Kenesaw Moimt.ain. siege and battle of 
.Vtlanta, Rome City, Franklin. Nashville, JObeu- 
ezer Church, Sclma, Ala., Wilson's raid to Ma- 
con (Ca.), participating in the capture of An- 
dersonville and Jefferson Davis in the sjiring 
of I860, besides numerous minor engagements 
on his raid through Kentucky. He also liore a 
part in the campaign after .John Morgan. Though 
constantly in danger of capture and death dur- 



ing his bazaidous experience as a scout, lie passed 
safely through the vicissitudes of war, and in 
July, 1865, after a period of almost continuous 
military duty from the firing of the first gun at 
Ft. Sumter to the close of the war, was honorably 

Returning to Indiana, our subject resided for a 
time in Colfax, Clinton County. At the age of 
twenty-one years he entered Bryant & Stratton's 
Commercial College in Indianapolis, and in the 
spring of 1866 was graduated with honors. Later 
he read medicine with Dr. Joseph E. Milburn, a 
prominent physician of Colfax, and in 1867 en- 
tered Rush Medical College, at Chicago, graduat- 
ing from that institution in 1869. For a time he 
engaged in practice at Colfax, from which place 
in March, 1871, he came to Hamilton County and 
located in Cicero. In a comparatively brief time 
he gained an enviable and widespread reputation 
as a successful medical practitioner and skillful 

Politically a Republican, Dr. Tucker takes an 
active part in county, state and national political 
affairs. He has served as a delegate to numer- 
ous state and congressional conventions, and has 
stumped the adjoining counties during Presiden- 
tial campaigns. In the fall of 18;»2, as the candi- 
date of the Republican party for the position of 
Auditor, he was elected to that oHiee, and entered 
upon his duties in March, 1893. As before men- 
tioned, he is a member of the County, State and 
American Medical Associations. Socially, he af- 
filiates with Cicero Lodge No. 199, A. F. & A. M.; 
Noblesville Lodge, I. O O. F.; Bernice Lodge, 
K. P.; and Cicero Lodge No. 26, A. O. U. W. A 
valued member of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public, he has always enjoyed the reunions where, 
side by side, the veterans, tried and true, discuss 
the perils and sacrifices of long ago. 

Ju Clinton County, lud., in 1866, Dr. Tucker 
and Miss Anna C;. Benjamin, a native (jf Rockaway 
County, N. J., were un ited in marriage. Mrs. Tucker 
is a daughter of E. J. Benjamin, an early settler 
of Colfax, Clinton Count}', Ind. Three sons have 
blessed this union: Harry B., who is a dentist of 
Noblesville; Frank AV., who resides with his par- 
ents; and Fred A., who is employed in the Audi- 

tor's office. Dr. Tucker, his wife and their sons 
are all identified with the Christian Church, and 
assist in the benevolent enterprises of their de- 
nomination. Within their handsome residence on 
East Division .Street, Noblesville, they welcome a 
large number of friends and acquaintances, whom 
they h(jspitably entertain. It is safe to say that 
few residents of Hamilton County possess to so 
large a degree the esteem and regard of the com- 
munity as the subject of this sketch. 

0-^- HARLES M. HARRIMAN. Among Ander- 
. son's many active and enterprising young 
_ business men is the junior member of the 
Arm of May & Harriman. Me is an Andersonian 
by birth, having been born here on the 29tli of 
November, 186.5. The father of Charles M. was 
Milton N. Harriman, a native of Darke County, 
Ohio. He located in Anderson with his parents 
when a young man. He was the first man chosen 
to fill the position of Marshal of the city of An- 
derson, and served in that capacity for two terms. 
He was then elected to the office of Justice of the 
Peace, which position he filled for several years. 
He died at the age of thirty-seven. The grand- 
father, Leonard Harriman, was a physician and an 
Ohio man, removing from that state to Anderson. 
He spent the latter years of his life in Kansas, 
where he died at the age of seventy-two. Mr. 
Harriman 's mother was Samantha Kindle, of An- 
derson, in which city she now resides. 

Charles M. Harriman has always resided in An- 
derson. Until fifteen years of age he attended the 
city schools and then began life for himself in the 
capacity of a clerk in stores, which continued for 
about five years, when he engaged in the real es- 
tate and insurance business. Soon after the inau- 
guration of Grover Cleveland as president in 
1889, Mr. Harriman Was appointed a clerk in the 
railway mail service and held the position for 
three years. He resigned in order to engage in 
the plumbing and natural gas supply business 
with Isaac E. May, in which business and firm he 
has since remained, enploying constantly twelve 



men. Mr. Hariinian is unmanied. lie is an act- 
ive worker in politics and espouses the cniise 
of tlic l)cni(icr;aie [uiitv. lie is a mciiilicr of 
AndiTMin Lodge No. lOi;. ICiii-^'hts of I'vlliias, 
and Anderson l^odge No. "iOlt, Henevolent Pro- 
tective Order of Elivs. lie was one of the orga- 
nizers of the Anderson Social Club, of which he is 
still a Mieiiiher. 

TLLIS S. HLLIS, Deputy SeciPtary of State, 
was born in Monioe Township, Madison 
County, near the city of Alexandria, Au- 
gust 27 IHGl. lie traces his ancestry to Wales, 
wlicnce in an early (la\ in the lii>tory of our 
counti-y. three lirothers of this name finigr;ited to 
America and established honied one in North Car- 
olina, another in Philadelphia, I'a.. and the third 
ill Massachusetts. Grandfather .losoph P^llis, was 
horn in North Carolina, wiiere he was reared and 
married, and where also his death occurred when 
in the prime of vigorous manhood. 

Wiley Ellis, father of the subject of this sketch, 
was born in North Carolina and was a child of two 
years when he was orphaned bv his father's death. 
In his youth lie migrated to Indiana, and locating 
in P'ayette County, there married Sarah J. Oldfield, 
a native of Delaware. Later he came to Madison 
County and became an early settler of Monroe 
Township, where he purchased land and impioved 
a farm. He still resides on his old homestead, and 
is now (1893) seventy-two years of age, while his 
wife is sixty-three. Politically he is unswerving 
in his allegiance to the principles advocated l)y 
the Democratic party. In his religious connections, 
he is identified witli the Christian Church. The 
maternal giandi)arents of our subject were Will- 
iam and Celia (Williamson) Oldfield, the former a 
native of Delaware, who migrated to Fayette 
County, Ind.,and later settled in Madison County, 
dying here at the age of eighty-one. 

Ill the parental family there were six children, 
three of whom are living, our subject and two 
brothers in Nebraska. Willis S. was reared on the 

home farm, and much of his time wsis devoted to 
agricultural pursuits in his youth. However, he 
attended school sufficiently to enable him at the 
age of sixteen to secure a teaeher's eertilieate and 
he taught from that time until he was twenty. He 
then entered Danville Central Normal School, and 
conducted his literary studies there until his gradu- 
ation in l.S.SI. liisscl ling ended, he ivsumed 

his i.rofessional labors and engaged in teaching 
for one year. lie did not, however, feel satisfied 
with the extent of his knowledge and according- 
ly, in 1882, entered the State Normal at Terre 
Haute, Ind., where he remained for one year. 

After serving as Principal of ilie Alexandria 
schools for two years, Mr. Ellis, in 1885, entered 
the State University at Uloomington, and contin- 
ued there until the close of the junior year, leav- 
ing in June, 1887. About the same time he was 
elected Superintendent of the schools of Madison 
County and soon after entered upon the duties of 
his office. So satisfactory were his services, that 
at the expiration of his term of otJice he was unan- 
imously re-elected by the Trustees of the county. 
During his incumbency of the position, he took 
cliarge of normals each summer, devoted especial 
attention to secui-ing proper preparation on the 
part of teachers, encouraged reading associations 
for teachers, organized schools and perfected their 
management. It was universally conceded that 
no former Superintendent had been so successful 
in his efforts to promote the welfare of the schools 
and advance the standard of education. 

January 5, 18!i;i. Mr. I'llli^ resigned as Count v 



nient of Deputy Secretary of State and is now 
serving in that responsible position, having head- 
quarters at Indianapolis. His natural talents and 
education admirably qualified him for the duties 
of his office, which he discharges in a manner em- 
inently satisfactory to his superior officer. He 
still regards Anderson as his home, although tem- 
porarily residing at No. 29 Hall Place, Indianap- 
olis, he is warmly interested in the (le\-elopment 
of the rich resources of Madison ('ounty. and 
maintains an especial interest in the progress of 
Anderson. For four years he was interested in the 
drug business at Alexandria together with his 



brother, but in December, 1891, disposed of the 

In j\iexandria, Septemher 24, 1889, occurred the 
marriage of Mr. Ellis to Miss Gertrude Ilensbaw, 
who was born in Alexandria, being the daughter 
of Seth B. Henshaw, formerly a merchant of that 
place, now retired from business. One child has 
lilessed this union, George Dale. In regard to 
social connections, Mr. Ellis is identified with Alex- 
andria Lodge No. 235, F. & A. M. and Sigma Chi 
at Bloomington. In polities he is an ardent and 
enthusiastic supporter of the Democratic party, 
and is one of its leaders in this part of the state. 

J'l AMES M. REEVES is one of those thrifty 
and energetic farmers for which Madison 
County has become well known, and in 
' the conduct of his affairs has shown good 
judgment and much ability. During the years 
that he has been a resident of this county, he has 
thoroughly identified himself with every interest 
of the same, and has been veiy public-spirited and 
progressive. He is a native of Tennessee, born in 
Campbell County, January 14, 1844,andtiie son of 
John and Ella (Longmyer) Reeves, natives of \h-- 
ginia and Tennessee respectively. Our subject's 
paternal grandparents, John and Hannah (Peliego) 
Reeves, were natives of that grand old mother of 
states, Virginia, and his maternal grandparents, 
John and Nancy Longmyer, were natives of Tenn- 
essee. Very little more is Iviiown of the grand- 
parents on either side, except that tliey lived to 
be quite old people, and were tillers of the soil. 

John Reeves, fatlier of our subject, left his na- 
tive state early in youth and made liis way to 
Tennessee, where for some time he worjced at a 
forge. Later lie learned blacksmitliing and fol- 
lowed this more or less during his entire life. 

While a resident of that state he married Miss 
Longmyer, and in 1861 he caine to Indiana and 
settled in Madison County, Monroe Township, 
where he purchased eighty acres of land. In 
the dense woods he erected a pole cabin and com- 
menced clearing the land. He prospered as 
the years passed along and became a ver^- suc- 

ccessful farmer. In connection with farming 
he had carried on his trade of blacksmith, and 
found it of much advantage and profit. He and 
his estimable wife were members of the Methodist 
I-piscopal Church and were active workers in the 
same. In polities he was a Republican. His death 
occurred in 1880 and he left the heritage of an 
unsullied name to his children, which was rather 
to be desired than great riches. 

James M. Reeves was among the 3'oungest of 
nine children born ■to his parents. He remained 
at home assisting in the work until twenty-four 
years of age, and on the 26th of March 1868, he 
was married to Miss Delia Davault, daughter of 
Abraham and Rhoda (Childs) Davault, both na- 
tives of Tennessee. Mr. and Mrs. Davault came 
to Indiana in 1850, and settled in Monroe Town- 
ship. Soon after they removed to Harrison Town- 
ship, Delaware County, and after remaining there 
two 3'ears, returned to Monroe Township, this 
county, where Mr. Davault, who is now seventy- 
four years old, is still living. His wife passed 
away on the 14th of April, 1879. Both were ex- 
emplary members of the ]\Iethodist Episcopal 

Soon after his marriage, our subject located on 
the farm where he now resides, and in connection 
with farming has been engaged in the live stock 
business very extensively for the past twelve years 
or more. He has met with the best of success and is 
one of the most prosperous farmers of his section. 
He is broad and liberal in his views, is public-spir- 
ited and enterprising, and no man stands better 
in the community than he. He and Mrs. Reeves 
are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church 
and deeply interested in all religious niatteis. Re- 
siding in a comfortable and happy home and sur- 
rounded by every comfort, they enjoy life in its 
fullest sense. 


* ARROLL K. MiCULLOUGH, a member of 
'^ the Citizens' Banking firm, and a large real- 
^' estate owner, is a native of Madison Conn- 
having been born on the 4th of September, 
), on the farm near the city of Anderson, 



cimiiiiercial affa 
voni-s. He was 

11 I'.iillrr Cmiily, Ohio, Dr- 
cemhcr 2,"), 1820. Tlu- ■ii.-iii.K.'illiri- was (,iie of 
live liroUicr.s who caiiic I'luiii Srulhiml and looalcd 
at Oxford, I'.iifl.T County. Oliio. 

Ncal C. McCiillouaii was oducafcd at IMianii 
I'liiversity, and was a cla.ssniate of ex-Prcsidciit 
Harrison. Ho learned the drnu' l.iisiness at Ox- 
ford, and Ml l.s.V.' opened a hardware stoiv in 
Munefe. In IS,", I he h.eate.l in Madis,,,! County, 
two miles southwest of .Vinha-on. on a small farm. 
lie was successful, ami eonlinued tii .add to his 
holdings until he (.wiied ei-lit hundred acres of 
iiiiiudved land. In the sprin-of IS.-,."! he estali- 
lislnal tlie Citizens- liaiik. in whieh en t,-riirise a.s- 
soeiati'd with him was I'.yron K. I'.lliott, ^iuro. 
Chief .lustiee of the Su|.reme Court of the state. 
When the National liaiik ,aet became a law, Mr. 
MeCnllough and J. G. .Stilwcll merged the Citizens' 
into the First National I'aidv of Anderson, of which 
the former was cashier. Later he resigned and 
withdrew from tiie institution, after which he 
engaged first in the grocery, and then in the hard- 
ware business for several years. 

Selling his business to his brother in 1X71, Xeai 
C. McCuUougli re-organized tiie Citizens' Bank, 
which he managed alone until 1873, when the sub- 
ject of this sketch took an interest and the firm 
became N. C. McCuUough <fe Co. In 1879 W. T. 
Dnrbin, of Indianapolis, was admitted, and the capi- 
tal increased to -^50,000. In I). K. Mustard 
took C. K. McCuUough's inteiesl, .and the latter 
retired, but four ye.ars .afterward he purchased 
.Mr. Mustard's interest. In iss; Hie Citizens' and 
the .Madison consolid.ated under the of N. 
C. McCullough & Co., of which N. C. McCuUough 
was general manager, and also looked after his 
large farming interests. In 1868 he platted N. C. 
McCuUough's Pirst Addition to .\nderson, which 
now a part of the northwestern section 
of the city. In 1«7;') lie purchased the artilicial 
gas works, whieli he operated until IS.sT. when 
natural gas was discovered. An active Repulili- 
can until the nomination of Horace (ireeley l>y the 
Democrats, he tlien became a Democrat, and was 

as active in the cause of that paity as he had been 
in the Uepnbliean harness. 

Oiir siibjeefs mot her. Marie Kdgerle, was born 
in Seheiieetady, N. ">'.. and was the daughter of 
(ieorge W. Kdgei'h^ who went from New Hampshire 
to New York, thence came to Montgomerj' County, 
Ohio. She was reared in Ohio and educated at 
Oxford Female College, being a schoolmate of 
Carrie ,S, the late wife of ex-President Harri- 
son. Mis. McCullough occupies the old homestead 
Ml Anderson. She is a leading nieinber of the 
:\Ielliodist Church, and is beloved by all who 
know her. She is the mother of live children, 
three of whom are living: liertha M.. wife of Hon. 
W. T. Durbiii; M.aud. wife of Dr. C. N. I'.raneh. 
.Ir.. and Carroll K. The latter was reared in An- 
derson and attended the public schools. He spent 
one term at .\sbur\ I'liiversiiy (now DePanw) at 
(ireencastle. While attending school the First 
National IJank failed, which gave bis father an op- 
portunity to reorganize the Citizens' Pank. He 
was given his choice, to continue school, or to enter with Ins father. Ik' chose the latter, and 
at the age of eighteen entered the banking busi- 
ness, and remained until 1«81. In that year he be- 
came manager of the artificial plant and re- 
mained as such until 1887, when he engaged in 
real estate, loans and farming. 

At the beginning of Ander.-on's natural gas 
prosperity, Mr. McCullough laid out ninety-one 
lots in Park Place, and twenty -seven lots in Sec- 
ond Addition, and disposed of most of them. To 
start the addition he built fourteen houses, which 
were readily disposed of. In l.s7l. in (a)iineetion 
with W. T. Durbin and other members of his family, 
he built what is known as the PostoHice Block, 
which fronts seventy-two feet on Ninth Street. It is 
three stories high, the third fioor being occupied 
by the Anderson Club, the leading social organiza- 
tion of the cit\'. He man.ages the affairs of the 
McCullough estate, which includes several business 
blocks. He owns two hundred and forty acres two 
and a-half miles southwest of .Anderson on the 
Pendleton i)ike, on wliicli he has put good build- 
ings. He was largely instrumental in organizing 
the Anderson Driving Park Association. The park 
consists of eighty-four acres of level ground, and 



now contains a splendid one mile track. He owns 
Riverside Park, a beautiful plat of ground between 
tlie cit3- and White River. 

In liis political belief Mr. McCiilloiigL is a 
Democrat, and has served as School Trustee and 
Cit}' Councilman. In 1888 he was nominated to 
represent Madison and Grant Counties in the .Sen- 
ate, but the district being largely Republican, he 
was defeated. Socially he is Past Commander of 
Anderson Comrnandery, K. T., Past ^Master and 
Past High Priest. He is also an Odd Fellow, 
and a member of the Royal Arcanum and the 
National Union. In 1877 C. K. McCullough 
and Miss Ilattie Black were united in marriage. 
She was born in Union County, Ind., and is the 
daughter of McFarland Black, one of tlie pioneer 
farmers of Richland Township. Mrs. McCullough 
was educated at the Anderson High .School. They 
have three children: Mildred, Neal and Mary. 

AVID B. ZIMMERMAN, a young and 
prosperous farmer and influential citizen 
of White River Township, Hamilton 
County, has ever since his residence here 
taken an active part in local affairs, and has held 
with ability the olflce of Township Trustee, dis- 
cliarging the duties of the responsible position to 
the great satisfaction of the general public. A 
man of energy and business ability, he has rapidly 
won his upward way, and, appreciated for his 
sterling integrity, has an apparently bright future 
before him as a private citizen and trusted official. 
Our subject is a native of Ohio, and was born in 
Williams County, January 9, 1859, and is the son 
of David and Sarah (Blue) Zimmerman, highly 
respected residents of the Buckeye State. 

The father of our subject was born in Frederick 
County, Md., February 14, 1831, and died Febru- 
ary 8, 1859, when our subject was only five weeks 
old, and passed away in Williams County regretted 
by all who knew him. Tiie paternal grandparents, 
Barney and Sarah (Sager) Zimmerman, cared ten- 
derly for the orphaned child of their deceased 
son. The grandfather was a native of Maryland, 

and the grandmotiier was born in Germany, emi- 
grating to this countiy when only a little girl. 
Thej' were Ohio pioneers and settled in Seneca 
County in Ma}', 1836, when the country round 
about was little more than a wilderness. Tiie 
grandfather entered into rest the 5th of March, 
1888, at the age of eighty-four years, but the 
grandmother still survives, and now eighty-three 
years of age, is yet living on the old farm. The 
mother is a resident of Montpelier, Williams 
County, Ohio. 

Our subject, the youngest of three sons. "is the 
only one of the brothers who has not made his 
life-time home in Ohio. They are all farmers and 
have devoted themselves from their early youth to 
agricultural pursuits. Tiie grandfather, born No- 
vember 15, 1804, and the grandmotiier, born 
March 7, 1810, courageously shared the trials and 
privations of pioneer life in the early west, and 
upon their old home farm, our subject was reared 
from his tenth year up to nineteen years, receiv- 
ing his education in the little school of the dis- 
trict. In 1879 Mr. Zimmerman went to Illinois, 
where he worked by the month for two years, 
then returned to Ohio and worked by the month 
one summer in his native state, which held for 
him a strong attraction in the person of his future 

Upon November 15, 1881, were united in mar- 
riage David B. Zimmerman and Miss Mary E. 
Rosenberger, who was born in Seneca County, 
Ohio, August 2, 1858. Mrs. Zimmerman is a 
daughter of Anthonj' D. and Jane (Michaels) 
Rosenberger. The former was born in the state 
of Virginia, but removing with his parents to 
Ohio when only four years old, spent the rest of 
his life in Seneca County, where he died aged 
fifty-one years. The paternal grandparents of 
Mrs. Zimmerman, Henry and Jane (ShauU) Rosen- 
berger, were Virginians bj' birth, but in 1839 
journeyed to the far off state of Ohio, and, set- 
tling upon land in Seneca County, continued 
there until their death, at a very advanced age, 
the grandfather surviving to four-score and six. 
The estimable wife of our subject was one of three 
children, all of whom are living. 

The mother of Mrs. Zimmerman is the daughter 


of .loliii an.l Kliza ( ) Michaels. Mr. Michaels 
was a native of I'eiinsyl vania and Mi-s. J[ichaels 
was liorn in Cfin nodi cut. They came to Ohio 
when very young people and spent their entire 
married life in the Buckeye State. Mr. Rosenber- 
ger, the father ef Mrs. Zimmerman, was born June 
II, 1828, and died October 27, 1879. His wife 
was born October 3, 1833, and died May 22, 1862. 
The maternal grandmother of Mrs. Zimmerman 
was at the time of her death sevent_v-t\vo years, 
eleven months and thirteen days old, and passed 
away June 23. 1882. The maternal grandfather 
was seven years oliler than his wife. 

The uni(in (if Mi-, and Mrs. /imnierinan has 
been blessed by the birlli of fnur children, three 
of whom are imw deceased. Owen 1). was born 
in Seneca County. Ohio, -lanuary 12. 1885, and 
died February 1. 18!)1, Glenn G. was born in 
Seneca County. October 9, 1886, and died Decem- 
ber 15, 1890; Ethel K., was born September 15, 
1889, in Hamilton County, and ilie(1 .Vpril 6, 
1890; Otis A. was born in Hamilton County. Oc- 
tober 27, 1893. Immediately following his mar- 
riage, Mr. Zimmerman settled on a farm belonging 
tQ his father-in-law, and lived there six ^-ears. He 
then sold a one huMdr<Ml and sixty- acre farm 
which he owned and removed with his family to 
Indiana, and in 1888 bought the old Steliman 
farm, since his permanent home. Mrs. Zimmer- 
man remained the most of the time in Ohio up to 
1888, when she moved to her present home. The 
tine farm purchased by our subject is one of the 
landmarks of the past, and its two hundred acre- 
age, highly cultivated, contains some of the best 
land in the stale. 

.Mr. Zimmerman prosperou.sly conducts general 
farming, and is also interested in a valuable gas 
well. In 1890 he was elected upon the Demo- 
cratic ticket to the position of Town Trustee, and 
takes an active part in the local affairs of the 
county, lie and his worthy wife are devout 
members of the I-^vangelical Church, and arc fore- 
most in good work. Our subject has been an 
etlicient Sunday-school Superintendent, and, a 
friend to the religious and educational advance- 
ment of the young, lends his earnest efforts in the 
l)romotion of the good cause. In the compara- 

tively brief time of his r 
Mr. Zimmerman has made 
identilied himself with the 
of hisliome locality, where 

dence in liu 
any an 

is liighly r.'sp, 



physician and su 

born in Morris Coiinly, X. 

November, 1827. Iletrac 
England, whence his paternal anc 
to America and 
during the earlii 

L, M. I)., .a pr.iminent 
on of Noblesville, was 
ity, X. .1., on the Clh of 

ad(! settlement in New Jersey 
period of the history of that 

state. His parents, .Ias,,n and Abigail (Andres) 
Kitchell, were both born in Xew Jersey. 

After having completed his literary studies in 
the schools of New Jersey, the subject of thi.s sketch 
migrated west to Ohio and located in Butler 
County. He conducted his medical studies under 
the preceptorship of Dr. Dicks, a prominent practi- 
tioner of Hamilton County, that state. At the 
breaking out of the Civil War, he gave his sym- 
pathy and active co-operation to the cause of the 
Union, and in 1861 enlistcil as a memberof Com- 
pany II, One Hundred and Sixty-seventh Ohio 
Infantry, commanded by Colonel Moore. He 
served f)n guard duty until the expiration of his 
period of enlistment, when he was h(niorably dis- 

Returning to Ohio the Dm'tor eommenecd the 
practice of medicine and surgery, and gained a 
local reputation for skillful diagnosis and success- 
ful treatment. In 1869 he came to Indiana and 
locating in Noblesville has since conducted a gen- 
eral practice in this city and throughout the sur- 
rounding country. As a physician, his abilities 
are universall}' recognized, and the success with 
which he has managed dilHcult and intricate cases 
has won for him the confidence of the communit}-. 
He keep.s abreast with every advance made in the 
profession, and is a thoughtful and lignlar reader 
of medical journals. 

While his professional duties require his [irin- 
cipal attention, Dr. Kitchell always finds time for 
the consideration of public affairs, and gives his 



support to every measure for the advancement of 
the best interests of liis fellow-citizens. He lias 
always identified iiiniself with the Republican 
party, and is an unfaltering champion of its prin- 
ciples and platform. In his fraternal connections 
he affiliates with the Grand Army of the Repub- 
lic, being a prominent member of Lookout Post 
No. 13.3, at Noblesville. 

The marriage of Dr. Kitchell and Miss Harriet 
N. Anderson was solemnized on the 14th of April, 
1852. The bride was born in Caldwell, N. J., and 
was reared to womanhood in the neighborhood 
which afterward gained national celebrity on ac- 
count of liavingbeen tiie home of President Cleve- 
land. She was the darughter of FAijaU Anderson, 
a farmer by occupation, wiio engaged in agricul- 
tural pursuits in New Jersey, and afterward in 
New York. In her religious connections she is a 
devoted member of the Presbyterian Church. The 
Doctor, while not actively connected with any re- 
ligious organization, is a liberal contributor to 
church and benevolent work. Dr. and Mrs. 
Kitchell are the parents of three daughters: Belle 
v.; Fannie, who is the wife of Alvin Caylor, A 
Noblesville; and Minnie, wlio is at home. 

^^ UGUSTUS F. SHIRTS was born in Hamil- 
(&j| ton County, Ind., November 26, 1824. He 
I It is of direct German descent, his paternal 
f^ grandfather, accompanied by three broth- 
ers, having emigrated from Germany to the United 
Stales in an early day and settled in the east. 
The father of our subject, George Shirts, in his 
youth learned the trade of a miller. At the age of 
twenty-two years, he entered the army as a volun- 
teer in the War of 1812, and was also with (Tcneral 
Harrison as messenger and scout in tlie Indian 
campaigns. During that time he became acquainted 
witii the soil and elinialc^ of Indiana, and also 
formed the acquaintance>liip of William and .John 

The mother of our subject was a daughter of 
Solomon Finch, who traced his lineage to England, 
and according to tradition, was a remote descend- 

ant of Sir John Finch, once high in authority in 
Great Britain. Solomon Finch, accompanied by 
his family, including our subject's mother, came to 
the county of Hamilton for permanent settlement 
in April, 1819. The country was then new, set- 
tlers few and hardships innumerable. There were 
many obstacles to be surmounted, larse tracts of 
land to be cleared, and farms to be develoiied from 
the wilderness. 

The Shirts family was both large and poor. 
Augustus F. being the second child, was compelled 
to labor for the support of himself and the family 
until he attained the age of fifteen years. He re- 
ceived a limited education, the tuition and his 
board being paid for from his labor. At about 
this age his father died, leaving a widow with 
seven children and no property. A guardian was 
chosen for the children, and Augustus F. was ap- 
prenticed to a farmer to serve until he reached the 
age of twenty-one years. For this he was to re- 
ceive $100. board and clothing, and nine months' 
common school. His time was devoted to hard 
labor on a farm, and he received only aliout half 
the schooling promised him. 

When his apprenticeship expired, our subject 
took charge of and provided for his mother until 
she again married. Having in the meantime learned 
the trade of a tanner, in February 1847, he em- 
barked in the tanning business, and continued thus 
engaged for about six years. 

In January, 1849, Mr. Shirts married Nancy 
Baruhill. In 1854 he engaged in a small way in 
tiie cattle business, and continued in that enter- 
prise for two years, when he sold out and embarked 
in mercantile pursuits, conducting a store until 
18()0. In 1858 he began the study of law, and in 
1861 commenced the practice of his pnjfession, 
which, being more to his liking than his former 
business, he has conducted to the present time. 

In 1878, Mr. Shirts was nominated by the Re- 
publicans of Hamilton and Madison Counties as 
their candidate for Judge, but was defeated, Madi- 
son County giving about the same majority Demo- 
cratic that Hamilton gave Republican. He has three 
children living, two sons and one daughter, all of 
whom arc married. His oldest son is a fine law^-er, 
and his youngest son has for many jears been 



cashier of the Citizens' State Bank of Noblesville. 
Mr. Shirts lias written many very readaijle ar- 
ticles iipcin the pioneer history and times of Hamil- 
ton County, and it may be said that he is an au- 
thority on this subject. In business he has been a 
success, having accumulated a competency for use 
in his old age. He proposes soon to retire from 
the practice and devote his attention to writing 
a pioneer liistory of his native county. Having 
risen from obscurity and poverty to his present 
position in society, his life will be an example for 
struggling young men in the condition in which 
he found himself in his youth, and they may, if 
they will, profit tiiereby. 

eALVIN H. ALLEN, Auditor of Madison 
County, and a prominent and enterprising 
citizen of Anderson, was born in Van Bu- 
ren Township, this county, on the 6th of Novem- 
ber, 1859. His father Harrison, and his grand- 
father, Richard, were both natives of North Caro- 
lina, and were of Welsh descent. The latter, who 
was a farmer by occupation, brought his family to 
Indiana in an early day, making the journey 
overland with team and wagon, and locating near 
Milton, Wayne County. Thence in 1845 he 
came to Van Ruren Township, Madison County, 
and settled on a new farm of eighty acres, which 
he improved and operated until his death. 

Harrison Allen was but twelve years old when 
his father removed to Wayne County, Ind. He 
assisted in maintaining his father's family by 
stripping tan bark at a salary of twenty-five cents 
a day. He was married in Wayne County to 
Jane Campbell in 1845, and shortly afterward re- 
moved to Van Bnren Township, Madison County, 
where he purchased a quarter-section of land in 
the unbroken forest, building a log cabin thereon, 
and began the battle of life. By his untiring in- 
dustry and frugal efforts he succeeded not only in 
causing the golden grain to grow where the prim- 
eval forest lately stood, but also in adding some 

land to the original 

three hundred acres mor< 

After liis lirst wifcdi,.,]. 11.,,,-rison Allen married 
again, and later located in SunimitviUe, where his 
death occurred in 1884. It was the result of an 
accident; having m.-islied one of his fingers in an 
old reaper, blood poison soon afterward set in and 
resulted in lockjaw, which terminated fatally. In 
his religious connections he was a ( Baptist, 
and an active member of llmt den..inin:ilion. The 
mother of oui- ^ulijeet, .I:uie (.'anipbell. was a 
native of West Virginia, and died in 1«72. Her 
father, Abraham Campbell, was born in Ireland, 
whence he emigrated to America, settling in West 
Virginia, and removing from tliere lo Wavne 
County, Ind., where he remained until his death. 
In the family of Harrison Allen there were 
eleven children, seven of whom attained the age 
of maturity, and four are now living. Of these, 
Calvin II. was next to the youngest. He was 
reared on his father's farm, and in the district 
schools received the advantages of a common- 
school education. When eighteen years of age, he 
engaged as a clerk in Lowell, Ind., but after re- 
maining tliere for n short time returned to the old 
homestead. At White Pigeon, Mich., in 1879, he 
married Miss Addie Weaver, who was born in But- 
ler County, Ohio. The f.athcr of Mrs. Allen, 
Henry Weaver, of Pennsylvania, engaged in farm- 
ing in Ohio, and later removed to Vermilion 
County, 111., settling near Hoopeston,and remained 
there until his death in 1885. Mrs. Allen was 
very young when her mother, Mrs. Weaver, died. 
After his marriage, Mr. Allen became the pos- 
sessor of his paternal grandfather's farm of eighty 
acres, which is located adjoining the new corporate 
limits of Summitville. He engaged in farmino- 
until 1881, when, in partnership with his brother, 
J. O., he purchased a hardware store in Summit- 
ville and conducted a flourishing business for a 
few years. In 1884, on account of ill health, he 
sold his interest in the establishment and went 
on the road as a traveling salesman for the fiim of 
Aultman, Miller >t Co.. representing them in vari- 
ous ijarts of Indiana for three years or more. Re- 
turning to Summitville, he had cluarge of the ele- 
vator for Pierson it Co. for two years. 



152 ^ 

In 1888 Mr. Allen was a candidate for Sheriff, 
but was defeated, aiUiougli lie stood well, being 
the second among four candidates for the nomina- 
tion. In 1890 he was successful as the candi- 
date for the office of County Auditor on tlie Dem- 
ocratic ticlvet, running thirtj-eiglit votes ahead of 
the state ticket. In 1891 he worked for McCor- 
miek & Co., dealers in .agricultural implements, 
until he assumed the duties of his position, No- 
vember 1 of that year, to serve for a term of four 
years. He usually employs two or three assistants, 
and under his iiersonal supervision the large bus- 
iness connected with the office is systematically 
and efficiently conducted. 

Mr. and Mrs. Allen liave established a pleasant 
home in Anderson, where they hospitably wel- 
come and entertain their large circle of fi 
They are the parents of one child, Sarah F, 
Allen is one of the original stockholders of the 
Johnson Land Company, of Sumniitville, one of 
the flourishing towns of tlie county. He is well- 
to-do and has extensive and valuable property in- 
terests in Summitville, as well as in other parts of 
Madison County. Socially, be is identified with 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, being a 
Past Grand of Summitville Lodge No. 475, of 
Summitville, and also a member of Star Encamp- 
ment No. 84, of Anderson. lie is also a mem- 
ber of the Daughters of Kebekah, the Masonic 
fraternity and the Mingo Tribe of the Red Men. 
Politically, lie is active in the Democratic party, 
being one of its leaders in this section of the state. 


///\V *''® finest farms of Madison County is 
I |V, owned and operated by the gentleman 
III with whose name we introduce this sketch 

and whose efforts have materially enhanced the 
progress of Union Township. This farm, which 
consists of two hundred and one and one-half 
acres, is located on section 1 1 , and is devoted to 
the raising of cereals, as well as the pasturage of 
stock. Mr. Bronnenbcrg has made a specialty of 
Stock-raising, in which lie has achieved success 

equal to, if not surpassing, that which has re- 
warded his general farming enterprises. 

Born in Delaware County, Ind.,on the 30th of 
March, 1843, our subject is the son' of John and 
Bethana (Nelson) Bronnenberg, natives respect- 
ively of Pennsylvania and Ohio. The fatlier 
when quite young accompanied his parents from 
Pennsylvania to Indiana, where he settled in 
Madison County, being reared to manhood there. 
In his youth he engaged in pioneer work, clear- 
ing land and tilling soil. He was accustomed to 
use a team of oxen and a wooden mold-board 
plow in breaking the land, and without the ad- 
vantage of any of the implements which have fa- 
cilitated modern farming, he worked patiently, 
untiringly, and with ultimate success. - 

Our subject is one of twelve children, of whom 
the following survive: Barbara, wife of Martin 
Campbell; Frederick; Hulda, wife of Joseph Pugs- 
ley; Michael, of this sketch; Harvey; John; Henry; 
Josephine, wife of Casper Campbell, and Peter. 
The three deceased are Franklin, Sarah and an 
infant. The father of this family, shortly after 
his marriage, removed to Delaware County, Ind., 
settling on a farm adjoining the Union Township, 
Madison County line. At the time he located on 
the place no improvements had been made in this 
vicinity, and on every side were dense forests. 
The log cabin which he erected and in which his 
family made their home for many years is still 
standing on the old home in Delaware County. 
He engaged in agricultural pursuits until his 
death, which occurred in 1873. He was survived 
for many years by his wife, who passed away May 
5,1893. They were members of the sturdy race 
of pioneers now so rapidly passing from among 
us, .and their kindly deeds and unfailing hospital- 
ity made them very popular among the people of 
this section of the state. In politics he was a 
Democrat, alwa.ys voting the party ticket. 

A farmer from youth and a life long resident of 
Indiana, our subject thoroughly understands agri- 
culture in every detail, and, uses good judgment 
in his farming operations. In his boyhood he 
walked two miles to school each morning during 
the winter seasons, while his summers were de- 
voted to tilling the soil. His wife, likewise a ii.i- 



tive of Indiana, was Miss Martha E., daugliter of 
Andrew and Artemesia (White) Sheets. They are 
tlie parents of five cliiidren, as follows^ Clara, 
wife of Alexander (^iiinn; Maggie, deceased; 
FniiiUhii. Walter and Russell. In the spring of', Mr. IJrounenberg came to his present farm, 
which, as above stated, contains two hundred and 
one and one-half acres, and lie has since resided 
there. Although not an active partisan, he is firm 
in his allegiance to the principles of the Demo- 
criitic party, and gives Ins support to that [loliti- 
cal organization. 

■g . ^ E£l^^ 1 ^ [^_, , -g. 

J I ONAS IIANP^Y. As a representative of the 
j progressive, enterprising citizens to whom 
Madison County is so largely indebted for 
its material progress, we take pleasure in 

presenting the name and a brief record of the life 
of Jonas Hauey, the owner of a farm on section 
14, Richland Township. In connection with his 
farming operations he has for many years also en- 
gaged in stock-raising, in which he has met with 
more than ordinary success, being recognized as 
one of the most eflicient and cajjable agriculturists 
of his township. 

In referring to the history of our subject's pa- 
rents we find that he is a son of .Samuel and Cath- 
erine (Long) Ilaiiey, the former a native of Penn- 
sylvania and the latter of Maryland. In 1838 
Samuel Ilaney accompanied by his family migrated 
to Indiana and made settlement in Delaware 
County, becoming a i)ioneer of Center Township. 
He settled a short distance from tlie village of 
Muncie, making his home for a time in a log cabin. 
As prosperity crowned liis exertions lie was en- 
abled to replace the jirimitive liouse with a sub- 
stantial structure, containing ail the comforts of 
life. There he spent liis declining years and there 
his life work ended. He passed away in 1865. 
He was qualified by nature for tiie task of clearing 
a home from the wildnerness, and through indus- 
try and perseverance gained a high place in the 
regard of his fellow-pioneers. In all matters of 
public importance he possessed the courage of his 

convictions, and was the unwavering champion of 
j right and justice. 

In the parental fainil3' there were four cliildron, 
Elizabeth, who is the wife of .\mos Yctter; Jonas, 
the subject of this liiographiral notice; S.-uiiiU'l 
and Eva. The elder >oii was boiii in Ohio July 
2, 1832, and wns reared to manlioo<i in Delaware 
County, Iiid., his youth lieing spent upon his fath- 
er's farm. In an early day he engaged in farming 
ill thai locality and ai<led in clearing large tracts 
of valuMble land. Ili.s rudimentary ediiealion was 
receiveil in a log cabin, rudely constructed and 
containing only a few articles of furniture. He 
is well posted upon all current topics and is a 
thoughtful reader and observer. 

The marriage of Jonas Haney and .Miss Minerva 
Buflington took place in November, 18.')5. The 
bride was a native of Delaware County, Ind., and 
a daughter of William Hutiington, an early settler 
of Center Township, Del.'iwaie County. Of this 
union there have been born nine childien, seven 
of whom are living, namely: William, Alfred; 
Martha, wife of P. M. Clem; P]mory; Elizabeth, 
who married John Conner; Simetha and .Marion. 
About 1868 Mr. Ilaney located uiioii the farm 
which has since been his home. For a time he 
lived in a log cabin in the woods, but gradually 
succeeded in clearing the land and afterward re- 
placed the pioneer home with a substantial struc- 
ture. He is now the owner of one hundred acres, 
which has been acquired through the exercise of 
good business judgment and enterprise. Though 
not partisan in his opinions he is a stanch Re- 
publican and always supjiorts party principles. 
His first Presidential ballot was cast for Cen. 
John C. Fremont. 



R. L. F. PRESTON. After the d..vel..pmeiit 
of natural at Anderson, the first man 
in the medical profession to realize the 
great possibilities of the place was Dr. L. V. Pres- 
ton, of Ripley, Brown County, Ohio, and he was 
the first physician to add his name to Anderson's 
roster. Dr. Preston was born at Rii)ley, on July 
10, 1857. He is the son of Peter Preston, who 


was born in Charleston, Va., now West Virginia. 
The grandfatlier, Daniel, was also born near 
Charleston and died in Virginia. He was of Eng- 
lish origin, and belonged to one of the first fami- 
lies in the old Virginia days. Dr. Preston's father 
left Virginia and located at Ripley, Ohio, where he 
engaged in general merchandising. In the early 
river navigation days he ran ttatboats from Ripley 
to New Orleans, making five or six trips per year. 
In all he made one hundred and fifty trips, and 
was universally successful from a business stand- 
point. After tlie war he again engaged in the 
business and continued until his death in Septem- 
ber, 1881. He accumulated large land holdings in 
Ohio and Kentucky. 

Dr. Preston's mother, Emily Collins, was born 
in Madison County, Ky., of which state her pa- 
rents were natives. She still lives at the age of 
sixty-four years (1893). Grandfather Collins 
was in the War of 1812. Tlie father was twice 
married. Of the first wife there were three chil- 
dren, all of whom are deceased. Of tlie second 
marriage the subject of this sketch is the fourth 
child. He was reared on a farm near Ripley, and 
as a youth had common-school advantages. He 
remained at home until 1877, when he began to 
study medicine under Dr. .1. L. Wylie, having 
early developed a desire to follow that profession. 
In 1879 he entered the Ohio Medical College at 
Cincinnati, and was graduated in 1881 witii the 
degree of M. D. He began practicing at Ripley, 
and there remained until 1888, when he located in 
Anderson, opening an office in the Robinson & 
Lovett Building, on the nortli side of the public 
square, No 12^ East Eight Street. Although en- 
gaging in general practice he makes a specialty of 
diseases of women. 

Dr. Preston is a splendid specimen of physical 
manhood. He has been eminentlj' successfiil, and 
has accumulated considerable property. He de- 
veloped a mineral well, the water of which con- 
tains all the properties of tlie Martinsville water, 
and is most eflicacious in the case of rheumatism, 
kidney and stomach troubles. Tlie water is pleas- 
ant to the taste and lias grown into popularity. 

Socially he is a member of tlie encampment of 
the Independent Order of Odd I'Y'llows, and Min- 

go Tribe of Red Men. He is the examining phy- 
sician for the Life Insurance Company of Mont- 
pelier, Vt., Cnion Central Life and other compan- 
ies. In politics he is a Democrat. 

On August 14, 1884, Dr. Preston was married 
to Miss Lizzie AV., daughter of Dr. T. B. Wylie, of 
Ripley, Ohio, where she was born. Her father be- 
longed to a family of phj-sicians. The relations of 
Doctor and Mrs. Preston with the people of An- 
derson are very pleasant, and they are prominent 
factors in society at this place. 



HRISTIAN & CHRISTIAN is the firm name 
ider which two of the leading attorneys 
of Noblesville conduct an extensive prac- 
tice. The members of the firm are William S. and 
Ira W., both prominent and influential lawyers of 
Hamilton County, the former of whom was born 
in this county July 1.5, 1857, and the latter Octo- 
ber 25, 1855. Their parents are mentioned in 
connection with the sketch of J. R. Christian on 
another page of this work. Ira W. was reared to 
manhood upon the home farm, and in the district 
schools became familiar with the rudiments of 
knowledge. At the age of nineteen he entered 
Butler University, where he remained for three 
years. He then became a student in the Univer- 
sity of Michigan at Ann Arbor, spending one }'ear 
in the literary department and two years in the 
law department, and graduating in 1882. 

William S. conducted his legal studies in the 
office of Moss & Stephenson, with whom he after- 
ward formed a partnership under the firm name 
of Moss, Stephenson & Christian. Ira formed a 
a partnership in November, 1883, with his brother, 
.1. R., and together they practiced law for a year, 
when William S. succeeded J. R. in the firm. In 
November, 1887, Ira W. was elected County Clerk 
and served in that capacity for four years. The 
firm was employed as attorneys for the county in 
1886 and still holds the appointment. They now 
have an extensive and profitalile practice, for abil- 
ity and merit have won for them an enviable rep- 
utation and gained for them a liberal patronage. 
Ill politics they are both Republicans and have 


supported the principles of that party since they 
became voters, believing its platform will subserve 
the best interests of the people. 

On the I'.ith of September, 188:3, Ira W. Chris- 
tian was united in marriage with Miss Mary Dur- 
bin, who was born in Edinburgh, Ind., and is a 
daughter of T. J. and Martha (I)e I'ree) Durbin. 
Her parents ueiv natives ,,l' Iiidi;uia, to wliicli 
state lier grandpaivnl,- eann' abdut 1821. They 
were members of tlie fanning eommunity and 
spent their last days on their old homestead. Mrs. 
Christian, the only child of her parents, edu- 
cated in I'.uthM' I'niversity and is a refined and 
accomplished lady, '.vho has made many friends 
throughout the eommunity. By lier marriage slie 
has become tiie motiier of two children: Paul D., 
who was born June 10. 1885; and Iladdee, who 
was born on the 21st of .lune, 18'J1. Ira W. and 
his wife are faithful members of the Disciples' 
Church, and arc prominent in their commuuiLy, 
holdina; an enviable position in social circles. 

jTiOIIX HARRISON is one of the representa- 
II five men whose record in the development 
^ I of Hamilton County is worthy of study b}' 
^gf' the young men of the present day. A res- 
ident of Delaware Township since he was two 
months old, he was born in Marion County, Ind., 
five miles north of Indianapolis, April .'i, 18.'?1. He 
is one in a family of nine children, of whom two 
daughters and three sons are deceased. Those who 
are now living are: W. II., a resident of Nobles- 
ville; Sarah, wife of Mr. Richwine, of Sheridan, 
Ind.; Elizabeth, the wife of George Vallanding- 
ham, of La Salle County, Ind.; and the subject of 
tliis sketch. 

The father of this famil}', Samuel Harrison, was 
born near Harper's Ferry, Va., in the year 1792. 
When quite young lie settled in Marion County, 
Ind., whence a few years afterward he removed to 
Delaware Township, Hamilton County. By trade a 
blacksmith, he followed that occupation through- 
out his entire active life, and in connection there- 
with also superintended the large farm which he 

owned. His death occurred in I8G2, at tlie age of 
seventy. His wife bore the inaidcm name of I'olly 
Beaver, and was a native of Pennsylvania, I'cing 
a daughter of Christian I'.eaver, of the Keystone 
State. She died about 1840. 

At the age of thirteen the subject of this sketch 
bound himself out for a period of three years to 
learn the trade of a carpenter. ;ind at the expira- 
tion of bis perioil oi iippreiit leesliip e. ,iiiinenee<i to 
work at his chosen oecupaliou. uliieli he followed 
forlwenty-Mx years. In adclitioii lo earpenlering 
he did considerable e.-ibinet work and undertaking, 
and being unusually h.-nidy m all kinds of me- 
chanieal work, be did his own blacksmiMiiiig and 
other special lines of farming. His estate of four 
hundred and fifty acres in its present develop- 
ment is a marked example of what intelligent 
tre:itineiil and ililigent elTort well applied will 
accomplish toward subduiiiu land and rendering il 
valuable. About three hundred acres of Ins farm 
are under cultivation, and a large part of the 
pro|)erty has been deveUiped fnnii an almost 
worthless cmdition through judicious tiling. Mi'. 
Harrison having used in the impiajvement of his 
properly between live tliousand and six thousand 
rods of tiling, a record probably not equalled by 
any farmer of Hamilton County. 

In addition to raising wheat, corn and oats. .Mr. 
Harrison devotes considerable attention to stiick- 
raising, making a specialty of high-grade Short- 
liorn cattle. Upon his farm is located a gas well, 
from wliicli he sup|)lies about, eighty stoves and 
two hundred and lifty lights. In public aflairs he 
is always interested, and has ser\eil in a number 
of important and honorable positions, having been 
Township Assessor on gravel roads and ditches 
within the township. He has been appointed as- 
signee in the settlement of estates, and when 
County Treasurer EUer became a defaulter was a))- 
pointed with two others, by bondsmen, to settle 
the business, which settlement covered a period of 
about five years. He was for two years Treas- 
urer of the Hamilton County Fair .\ssociation, 
and later owned ahalf-interest in the amphithe- 
atre. In politics he has alw:iys been a Hepiihlican, 
and IS deeply interested in the principles and suc- 
cess of the party. 



In 1853 Mr. Hanison became a niembev of the 
Masonic order, and is now identified with Hamil- 
ton Lodge No. 503, atFjsher's Switch. For forty 
years he has been a warm friend of the order, and 
has been prominent in the local lodge with wiiich 
he is identified. Contemplating a partial retire- 
ment from active farming life, he is now building 
a residence'in the city of Noblesville in which he 
expects to spend liis remaining years. The house 
is being constructed after his own plans, from tim- 
ber secured upon his farm, and the work from the 
first has been under his personal supervision. 

Tlje marriage of Mr. Harrison occurred in 1853, 
and united him with Miss Nancy M. Brandon, of 
Fall Creek Township. Hamilton County, Mrs. 
Harrison was born in Indiana, and is the only 
daughter in a family of five children, her parents 
being Henry and Emilia (Sloon) Brandon. For 
many years she has maintained an enviable repu- 
tation in the dairy which is her individual enter- 
prise, and the butter and milk which she sells com- 
mands a ready market at good prices. Mr. and 
Mrs. Harrison have had a large family, but four 
daughters and one son died in childhood. Sur- 
viving are five sons: W. H. Frank, who is a resi- 
dent of Noblesville and is engaged in gas drill- 
ing; A. C, a diuggist residing in Fisher's Switch; 
James E., wiio is also in the gas business; John C. 
and Samuel, who reside upon the farm. 


JrOHN GUY, a substantial farmer of Fall 
I Townsiiip, residing on section 31, is num- 
ll bered among the early settlers of the coun- 
,^' ty, and for many years has been a witness 
of its growth and development. The record of 
his life IS as follows: He was born January 29, 
1819, in Gallia County, Oiiio, and is a son of Rob- 
ert and Elizabeth (Van Zant) Guy. The family 
is of Irish origin. 'Ihe father was born in Green- 
brier County, Va., April 3, 1793, and in an early 
day removed to Ohio, where he bought a farm. 
In the fall of 1832 he came to Madison County 
and purchased one hundred and sixty acres on sec- 
tion 31, Fall Creek Township, where his death 
occurred in September, 1,S3I. He was an .active 

and consistent member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. His wife was born in the Old Dominion 
June 17, 1797, and after the death of Mr. Guy 
she married Stephen Masters. With her children 
she removed to Wisconsin, where she departed this 
life at the age of eighty-tliree, in the faith of tlie 
Methodist Church. Slie had seven children: John, 
of this sketch; Fllijah V.. who died in Illinois; 
Robert A., of Wisconsin; Lorenzo D.; Mrs. Louisa 
J. McDonald, of Wisconsin; James A., who died 
in that state; and William W., who died m Ply- 

John Gu}-, whose name heads tiiis record, was 
educated in the primitive log schoolhouse, witli 
its puncheon floor and slab seats. He was early 
inured to hard labor and bore all the experiences 
and privations of frontier life. He worked by the 
day and montii until after his father's death, when 
he took charge of the home farm, on which he lias 
since resided. He now owns one hundred and 
thirty-five acres of good land, and as a result of 
the care and cultivation bestowed upon it. it 
yields a golden tribute. There are good buildings 
upon the place, and all of its improvements stand 
as monuments to his thrift and enterprise. 

On the 24th of March, 1842, Mr. Guy married 
Miss Lavina McCarty, who was born in Green 
Township, this county, January 17, 1826, and is a 
daughter of William and Lucinda (Pearson) Mc- 
Carty. Her father was a farmer and came from 
Wayne County, Ind., to Madison County, about 
1816. He is therefore numbered among its first 
settlers. He cleared and improved a farm of one 
hundred and sixty acres. He was a charter mem- 
ber of the Methodist Church, and his home was 
open for the reception of all Methodists in an 
early day. His birth occurred January 3, 1797, 
and he died January 14, 1855. His wife, who was 
born November 22, 1803, passed away February 
20, 1848. Their children were Sarah, wiio died in 
childhood; Rebecca, deceased; Lavina; James P., 
deceased; Delilah J., of Hartford City; Mrs. Per- 
melia E. Wilson; Wesley S., of Kansas; Mrs. Lu- 
cinda G. Cummins, deceased; William E., of 
Winchester; T. B., wiio died at the age of ten ; and 
Charles, of Indianapolis. After the death of his 
first wife, Mr. McCarty married Delilah Goe, and 


they li;i<l two rliildifii: AImu/.o ami Angeline. 
Unto Ml. ami Mi>. Cuy wciv born four children. 
James V. died at the age of thirteen; John F. 
died at the age of three; Lorenzo D. married 
Nora Chapman, and they iiave four children, Edna 
C, Orville D., Addie P. and Eleanor M. Martha 
J. is the wife of Charles F. Bundy, of Hancock 
County, by whom she has live children., Enid (i., 
May G., Connie 15., Pearl and Charles F. 

The parents have been life-long members of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, and take an active 
interest in all that pertains to its upbuilding. 
They are honored and respected citizens of the 
community, and it is with pleasure that we present 
to our readers this record of their lives. 

ERBDit'riI STANLEY, an honored pioneer 
of Madison County, Ind., and a 
well known and enterprising general agri- 
culturist and stock-raiser, long identified 
with the growing interests and rapid advancement 
of the state, has for many years been numbered 
among the substantial and pro.->|)erons residents of 
Anderson Township. 

Our subject, a native of Ohio, and born in Gallia 
County May 2.'), 1825, was the son of John and 
Mary (Perkins) Stanley, both natives of tiie Buck- 
eye State, and there carefully reared and educated. 
In the very early part of this century Grandfather 
Stanley, born in the sunny south, and a native of 
South Carolina, removed to the north and located 
in Ohio, then a wilderness with a few scattering 
towns, the entire state being sparsely settled. 
When our subject was only a little lad his parents 
journeyed to the adjoining state of Indiana, and 
with their family located in Wayne County. About 
IS,'?/ they removed to Madison County, from 
that time until their death their permanent home. 
For some length of time the father and mother 
continued their residence in Adams Township, 
but at the exi)iration of a number of years finally 
removed to Anderson Township, locating on the 
old iiomcstead, where our subject now resides. 
John Stanley, a life-long fanner, at first entered 

from the (iovernment forty acres at *l.2.'i per .■icre. 
and at once settled in the lu'art of the woods. 
around and through which roamiM! wolves and 
deer and a variety of game. 

After occupying for a luief period tliis land. 
and having already made a small ele:i)inL; in its 
center, the father disposed of it, and makin- a 
trade, received in exchange one hundred and three 
acres of land, the old farm now in the possession 
of Merideth Stanley, The land, situated in the 
dense woods, was entirely unimproved. 'I'hc 
father toiling early and late built a log cabin, 
cleared the land, and brought a good portion of it 
under cultivation before Heath claimed him. 
It is now forty years since the father, who had 
with a stout heart shared saeriliees and [iiix-ations, 
passed away, and in the changing seasons of the 
two-score years a wondrous liaiisformation has 
been wrought. 

The parents, hard-working, enterprising citizens, 
welcomed to their homes and hearts elex'en sons 
and daughters, of whom the following snivived to 
reach mature age: John II., .lohial, Elijah, Eliza- 
beth and Js'ancy. Politically a Democrat, the father 
was an ardent advocate of the party. Init never 
had any aspirations to occupy public olHee. Our 
subject, educated in the scho<ils of Madison Coun- 
ty, attained to adult age a s(df-reliant and ambi- 
tious man. From his youth he had assisted in the 
labors of the farm and has gained a practical ex- 
perience, well fitting him to successfully conduct 
agricultural pursuits. 

In the month of April, 1844, Merideth Stanley 
and Miss Elizabeth Rector were joined in wed- 
lock, T'he first wife not long surviving her 
marriage, our subject a second time entered matri- 
monial bonds and took unto himself as a wife Miss 
Emily Ilarmeson, who bore him four children, of 
whom the two surviving are Parley A, and John 
II. .Some time after the death of the second wife, 
Mr, Stanley was united in marriage with Miss 
Nancy J, Ilarmeson, his present wife. Nine chil- 
dren, of whom seven are living, blessed this union: 
Charles; Carrie, the wife of Jesse Toops; Will- 
iam, Alonzo, Lewis, Benjamin M, and Eliza E, Mrs, 
Stanley is a native of Ohio and was born in the 
year 183o, March IK, She is a sister of J, T, 



Harmeson, mentioned elsewhere in tbis work, 
a man of enterprise and wealth. Owning one 
hundred and forty-three acres of fertile land, aunii- 
aily yielding an abundant harvest, our subject has 
been financially prospered. He and his good wife 
iiave been eye witnesses of the rapid advancement 
of the vital interests of Indiana, and, earnest, cour- 
ageous and enterprising, have aided in the devel- 
opment of their home locality. But comparatively' 
few years have passed since the golden grain of 
Indiana was cut with a sickle, and the plows in use 
were of the most primitive manufacture. To-day 
no state boasts of more advanced farming imple- 
ments, Indiana rapidly keeping pace with her sister 
states. Politic-all}' a Democrat, and a public-spir- 
ited citizen, Mr. Stanley, a worthy representative 
of the old pioneers, has with a ready hand as- 
sisted in all matters of local welfare. He is widely 
known, and is univeisally regarded with respect 
and thorough confidence. 


l|( ^, Coroner, City and Township Physician for 
^^^ the Jail and Orphans' Home, and a practicing 
physician and surgeon of Anderson, was bo.rn in 
Vevay, Switzerland County, Ind., on the 23d of 
February, 1847. His father, Dr. John L. Arming- 
ton, was born at Ballston Springs, N. Y. The 
grandfather, Benjamin, a native of Rhode Island, 
was by occupation a carpenter and removed to 
ISallstou Springs, and later to Pahnyra, N. Y., 
where he owned the farm opposite Bible Hill, so 
named because of being the hill where Joseph 
Smith alleged he found the Mormon Bible, or 
Book of Mormon. Upon this farm, which was 
three miles from Palmyra, he died at the age of 
eighty years. The Armington family is of French 
and English descent. 

John L. Armington was graduated from the 
Louisville Medical College with tiie degree of 
M. D., and began the practice of his profession 
at Vevay. In 1848 he located at Greens- 
l)urg, where he practiced until 1857. Proceeding 
to Minnesota he located at Cannon Flails, after 
remaining for a time at Hastings. He bought a 

farm and practiced until the war came, when he 
entered the Second Minnesota Regiment as assis- 
tant surgeon. He saw service at Perryville, Crab 
Orchard, Murfreesboro and other places, and then 
was appointed on the board of examining pliysi- 
cians for the Array of the Cumberland for the dis- 
charge of soldiers, and was assigned to duty with 
General Steadman's brigade. Afterward he was 
appointed physician for Hospital No. 1 at Gallatin, 
Tenn., and later was transferred to the Army of 
the West, where he was surgeon of the Second 
Cavalry under General Polk until the close of the 
war in 1865. At the battle of Periyville his 
horse was killed, as also was his servant. 

In 1866 Dr. J. L. Armington located at North- 
field, Minn., and subsequently at Minneapolis and 
Marsiiall, where he practiced medicine. He is 
eighty years of age (1893), but veiy active. He 
is surgeon of a post of the Grand Army, a Knight 
Templar, and a prominent Odd Fellow. He has 
devoted himself to the practice of medicine since 
his graduation in 1839. His wife was Eliza B. 
Lee, a native of Philadelphia and the daughter of 
Charles W. Lee, who was also born in Philadel- 
phia. He was an officer in the United States 
army, being for a time a line officer in the F'ifteenth 
Infantry, but when he died at thirty-four years of 
age held the rank of Colonel. He was a relative 
of Gen. Robert Fl Lee. The Doctor's mother 
died at Greeusburg in 1849. 

The subject of this sketch is the youngest and 
the only survivor of four children. He was reared 
in Indiana until ten years of age, when his parents 
moved to Minnesota. There he pursued a select 
course in the Minnesota Central University. In 
1865 he entered the University of Miciiigan at 
Ann Arbor, and after a j-ear in the literary course 
conducted the studies of the law department for 
one year. Upon his return home he began the 
practice of law, but his father being anxious for 
him to study medicine, he entered the medical 
department at Ann Arbor in 1867 and remained 
for two years. Returning to Noi thfield he engaged 
in the practice of medicine until 1871, when he 
was appointed assistant physician in the Indiana 
Hospital for the Insane. 

After filling this position for three years the 


Doctor resigned and returned to Miiuirapolis, 
wlicre lie followed his profession until |.S7(i. lie 
tlien removed to Indianapolis and practiced until 
\»79, wiien lie located at Ciiesterlield. In 18.s(; 
lie was graduated Irom the Central College of 
Physicians and Surgeons of Indianapolis, being 
llie valedictorian of his class. In 1891 he located 
iu Anderson, and has since cf)nducted a general 
piactice here. He was appointed Count}' Coroner to 
lill out the unexpired eighteen months' term of the 
l.'ite Dr. William Hunt, and has been twice elected 
by the peoi)le to the same position on the D(uno- 
cratic ticket. Since IS'JI he has been physician 
for the city and the ()r|)lians' Home. Socially he 
is a mcnibor of Rn|icr Comiiiandery, K. T., of 
Indinnnpolis. and is au VAk. a Red .Man and 
Kniglit of VytUuK. 

In 1873 at liloomington, III.. Dr. Arminglon 
.■uid Miss Emma, daughter of Hannibal 'I'atfe, of 
Indianapolis, were united in marriage. Their 
union has been blessed by three interesting chil- 
dren: Birdie L., Katie E. and John C. He and 
his family are comfortably domiciled in their 
home at the corner of Pros|)cct Street and Central 

jl7 EVI P. FODKEA. Among the citizens of 
I /©) Noblesville who are filling otHcial [wsi- 
j La^ tions of trust and honor, discharging with 
ability the duties incumbent ui)on them, conspicu- 
ous mention belongs to the subject of tlfis biograph- 
ical notice, who is Recorder of Ilaiiiilton Coun- 
ty. Having spent his entire life in the immediate 
vicinity of his present place of residence, he is fa- 
miliarly known to the citizens of the county, and 
is universally esteemed. He has witnessed and 
contributed to the material, moral and social de- 
velopment of Noblesville, and, during the half 
century t>f his life, has lieeii an imporlaiil factor in 
its progress. 

The Fodrea family was represented in North 
Carolina early in the present centuiy. In that 
state the father of our subject, David Fodrea, was 
born, and thence emigrated to Indiana, settling in 
the vicinity of Westfield, Hamilton County, iu 

1810. A man of proinin 
he was known as a [iinno 
warm friend of the temp 
ligions convictions he w: 


ed AlM,liti<ini>l and :i 
lice cause. In his re- 
lentified with the So- 

, (laugii 

cietyof Friends. He mniried Miss 
ter of Benjamin and Ruth Davis, and a native of 
North Carolina. The Davis family originated in 
England. Mrs. Davis attained the .•idvanced .age 
of ninety-three years, d^ ing in Hamilton County. 

Levi P. Fodrea was born In Ilaniiltoii County, 
NovtMiilier II, nnd spent his youthful years 
upon a fanii licic. gainiiiL; a tlidrougli knowledge 
of agriculture in it> various branches. He was a 
mere lad when the Civil War l.roki' out, threaten- 
ing the disruption <4 the Nation and the ruin of 
the country. AIIIk.uuIi the S,,cict,y of Friends, 
in which faith he had been ivar.'d, (.pposed war- 
fare, his patriolisii! was liied to such au extent 
that he offered his services in the defense of the 
Lnion. In 1862, when only seventeen years of 
age, he enlisted a> a nieniber <>f C<iinpany .\, One 
Hundred and First Indiana Intantry, which was as- 
signed to the Fourteenth Army Corps, command- 
ed first bj' General Thomas, and later by Gen. J. 
C. Davis, in Sherman's army. With his regiment 
our subject took an active part in the battles of 
Chickamauga, Chattanooga, Dalton , Resaca, Atlan- 
ta and Jouesboro. He also bore a part in the cam- 
paign after General Hood, and participated in Sher- 
man's march to the sea, traveling through Georgia 
and the Carolinas, and witnessing the surrender 
of General Johnston. Later, he marched to Wash- 
ington, D. C. and took part in the Grand Review. 

At the close of the war. .Mr. I'odrea was mus- 
tered out of service at Louisville, Ky., June 24, 
1865. At the first reunion of his regiment, he was 
appointed its historian and prepared an account 
of its deliberations and operations, which was ac- 
cepted as a correct and accurate history. Upon 
his return to Hamilton County, he engaged in 
farming in Washington Township, but on account 
of ill health he was obliged to abandon that occu- 
pation. Removing to Wcsttiehl, he tuiiie(l his .at- 
tention to teaching penmanship, and was thus en- 
gaged for fourteen years. 

A stanch and enthusiastic Republican in poli- 
tics, Mr. Fodrea was elected upon the ticket of 



that party to the position of County Recorder iu 
the fall of 1890. He is an able and efficient officer, 
and gives to the duties of his position his faith- 
ful and undivided attention, displaying the pos- 
session of rare acumen and general knowledge. 
Socially, he affiliates with Westfield Post, G. 
A. R. In 1867 he was united in marriage with 
Miss Martha J., daughter of William 15aldwin, one 
of the early settlers of Hamilton County. The 
marriage has resulted in the birtii of sis children, 
namely: Lutitia, Theodosia, William L., Lefita, 
Tliresa and Viola. Mr. Fodrea and his wife arc 
prominent in social circles of Noblesville and are 
active in the Friends' Church, with which they 
are identified. 

PRANK O. EPPLY. One of the most pains- 
taking of tlie public officials of the city of 
Anderson is Frank G. Epply,tlie City Clerk. 
He is a native of Maryland, and opened his eyes 
on the morning of tiie 4th of November, 1842, 
at Emmettsburg, that state. He was one of the 
two ciiildren of Adam and Jane (Grier) Epply. 
The father was born in Adams County, Pa., in the 
year 1814, and spent mostof his life in mercantile 
pursuits in the states of Ohio and Indiana. He 
was seventy years of age at tlie time of his death. 
Peter Kpply, the grandfather, was a native of 
Germany and came to America and settled wiien 
quite young. The mother of Mr. Epply was the 
daughter of the Rev. Robert S. Grier, a clergyman 
of the Presbyterian Church, who preached the 
doctrines of his church for half a century at 
Emmettsburg. He was of Scotch-Irisii descent 
and came of a family of Presbyterians and pieacii- 
ers. He died in 1866. 

Frank G. Epply spent most of his early life, in 
Cincinnati, Ohio, where he obtained most of his 
education. In the year 1808 he moved to Cam- 
l)iHlge City, Wayne County, Ind. Soon after 
arriving there he entered the retail dry-goods and 
notion business, in which he continued until 1872, 
when he retired. He then engaged in the real- 
eslate and insurance business, and received from 
the Governor the appointment of Notary Public. | 

In 1875, lie returned to Cincinnati and entered 
the service of a Cincinnati news company, which 
position he held until 1881, when he located in 
Anderson. Here he became book-keeper for the 
firm of I. D. Bosworth & Bro., planing-mill owners 
and lumber dealers, and continued in that capa- 
city for about five years. From 1886 to 1890 he 
performed the functions of Notary Public and en- 
gaged in the collection business. On the 1st of 
September, 1890, when Phillip M. Briggs became 
City Clerk, Mr. Epply was installed as deputy, 
and served as such during the term of two years. 
His service was appreciated by the people to such 
an extent that in May, 1892, they elected him to 
the Clerkship, and he took charge on the Isl of 
September following. He is a life-long and active 

On the 21st of September, 1869, Mr. Epply and 
Miss Katie M. Pettit we/-e married at Bushnell,Ill. 
She is the daughter of John H. Pettit, a well 
known citizen of the Ohio metropolis. They have 
had five children: Tommie N., who died December 
7, 1871, at Cambridge City; Julia May, Jessie Lu- 
elia, Frank A. and Katie M. Mr. and Mrs. Epply 
are members, .as are also the eldest children, of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

\ RS. HAMBLIN SHEPARD, who occupies a 
i\ pleasant home on section 1, White River 
Township, Hamilton County, is a native 
of the neighboring state of Ohio. She 
was born in Champaign County in 1831, and is a 
daughter of Francis G. and Jane (Lutz) Reynolds, 
who were of German descent. The father was 
born in Kentucky, and died in this county at the 
advanced age of eighty-one. His wife was a 
native of the Keystone State, and when a child 
went to Ohio. She died in this county in 1850. 
The Reynolds family numbered eight children, 
five of whom are yet living. 

Under the parental roof Eliza Reynolds spent 
the days of liei maidenhood, and after she had 
arrived at years of maturity she was married, on 
the 9th of December, 1855, to Hamblin Shepard. 
He was a native of Vermont, born September 3, 


\H->->, niif] ;i soil of Dr. Uo.-uell SI 

.■|.aid. The 

to farming and mill 


ected the lir.'^t waler 

f;ithLT NV!is.i well known |ili ysiriaii. : 

nd for many 

gristmill on White 

River, li 

politics he was a 

years practice() medicine in Ohio. 11 

unlilin Shep- 

Whig. His children 

were Join 

, Ahrahatn, Xanev, 

aid e.Ktensively engaged in stock-dea 

ling, and all 

Isaac and Henry. 'I 

he fathei- 

Hed in 1811). The 

through the war made eonlraets witii 

the (ioveni- 

mother had died sev 

M-al years 

iri!vious,and he af- 

meiit for furnishing the ti oops with mules, horses, 
etc. lie was entirely a self-u-ade man. and through 
good business ahility, industry and perseverance 
won a coniforlalile conipeleiice, lie died Febru- 
ary 27, 18G7. 

.Mr. and Mrs. Shep^rd had f.Hir ehihiren. but 
only one is now living. Two died in infancy. 
Alma E., born September 0, 1856, was a beautiful 
and highly esteemed young lady, who died Octo- 
ber Iti, 1873; Eva H., who was born i\lay 7, 1802. 
liecame the wife' uf .loseplius S. KaUiii, who died 
Sei)tember 8, 1885. Two children graced this 
marriage, Grace and George llarnbliii. Mrs. Kakin 
and her children now live with Mrs. Shepard. 
The family occupy a iileasanl and comfortable 
home, where they are surrounded with all of the 
necessaries and many of the luxuries of life. 
They are widely known in the county, hold an 
enviable position in social circles, and have many 
warm friends, who esteem them highly for their 
worth and manv excellencies of character. 


AIT WIHT1.\(;1-:R, who carries on gen- 
1 farming on seelion 8, Clay Town- 
ii) ship, Hamilton County, born in Ma- 
rion County, Ind., in 1838. His grand- 
parents were .I.acoli and S;uali Whitinger, and the 
father of the former was a native of Germany, 
•lacob was boin in J'eniisylvania in I 784, and be- 
came a cooper. lie entirely a self-made man. 
He began by lea.sing land, on which he worked in 
the day lime, while at night he worked at his tr.ade. 
He linally secured enough capital to purchase forty 
acres of wild land. This he afterwards sold and 
bought eighty acres of improved land. In 1822, 
he went with his family to Marion County, Ind., 
making the journey by wagon, and entered twelve 
hundred and eighty acres of land near where 
Indianapolis now stands. He gave his attention 

terwards married Mrs. ISarnliill. 

Henry Whiiiniicr, father of our subject, 
born in Ohio in 17!H;, and acquired a good educa- 
tion. He married Susanna Ernest, whose grandfa- 
ther was of Scotch-Irish descent, and who at the age 
(■f sixteen entered the Colonial service, aiding in 
the struggle f<ir ludepondenee for five years. Mrs. 
Whitinger was born in Ohio in 1792. Hi her 
{ family were seventeen children, of whom three 
1 died in childhood. John, Ahniliam and Jacob are 
now deceased; Kli/.a is the wife of 11. Cruse; Mary 
is the <leeeased wife of 11. Newby; William aud 
Isaac have passed aw.ay; Samuel, James, Daniel 
and Henry are the next younger; Franklin is de- 
ceased; Susanna is the wife of William Smith, and 
Albert completes the family. The parents were 
members of the Reformed Baptist Church, and Mr. 
Whitinger was a Whig in politics. F'roin his fa- 
ther he received one hundred and sixty acres of 
land, and he entered eighty acres where the town 
of Nora now stands. To this he added until his 
possessions aggregated three hundred and sixty 
acres. His death occurred in .Alarion C(Uinty in 
1858, and his wife died in 188(!. 

Albert Whitinger acquired the greater part of 
his education in the subscription schools, and on 
his father's death he began earning his own liveli- 
hood. When a young man of twenty-one, he was 
joined in wedlock wfth Mary E. F'arley, daughter 
of William and F^liza (Dodd) Farley, and a native 
of Ti|iton County, Ind. Her brother Joseph died 
in Andersonville prison during the late war, and 
Daniel and Henry, brothers of our subject, were 
also numbered among the boys in blue. Three 
children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Whitinger: 
Margaret A., wife of George Sellers; Klmcr, who 
married Carrie Hensley, and Albert. 

Mr. Whitinger rented land for about live years, 
and in 1869 came to Hamilton County, where he 
purchased eighty acres of good land. He now 
owns one hundred and twenty .acres, which are un- 
der a high state of cultivation and well improved. 



He received thirty-six acres from his father's 
estate, but witli this exception, his entire posses- 
sions have been acquired tlirough his own efforts. 
He is fair and honorable in all his dealings, pos- 
sesses good business ability, and has therefore 
prospered. In politics, he advocates Republican 
principles, and in religious belief he and his wife 
are Methodists. 

•jlU ARRISOX BILLHYMER, an influential 
ilTji citizen, a representative general agricult- 
^%/^ uristand stock-raiser, widely and favorably 
i^; known throughout Hamilton County, Ind., 
has long been associated with the prominent 
interests and upward progress of White River 
Township. Born in Tipton County, ujjon Febru- 
ary 20, 1843, our subject has continuously for the 
past half-century dwelt within the borders of his 
native state. His parents, .Tohn and Rebecca 
(Schaffer) Billhymer, born in the sunny south and 
both Virginians, early became pioneer settlers 
of Indiana, entering with energy into the develop- 
ment of the then new country. The Billhymers 
were of sturdy German ancestry but for many 
generations had been numbered among the resi- 
dents of the Old Dominion. 

The father attained to manhood in his native 
state, and both self-reliant and ambitious, jour- 
neyed in the e.arh' '30s with William Porter part 
of the way to Ohio and Indiana. John Billh3'mer 
located for some time in Ohio, and there several 
of his large family of children were born. The 
father and mother later removed with their sons 
and daughters to Tipton Count}', Ind., where the}' 
settled permanently on wild land, making their 
home in a small log cabin. The good father after 
a life of unceasing toil and usefulness entered 
into rest at sixty-five years of age. His worthy 
wife, also reared in Virginia, passed away upon the 
old homestead at the same age. She was the 
mother of fifteen children, and of the brothers 
and sisters who once gathered about the family 
hearth ^\\^ yet survive, three sons and two daugh- 

Harrison, reared upon his father's Indiana farm. 

was early trained to the daily round of labor, 
and from his j'outh industriously assisted in the 
clearing of the land, the tilling of the soil and the 
reaping of the harvest, and attained to mature 
years manly and self-reliant. He enjoyed limited 
opportunities for instruction in the little school of 
the home neighborhood but well improved his 
hours of study, and an intelligent man of observa- 
tion, is mainly self-educated. Upon April 18, 
1866, were united in marriage Harrison Billhymer 
and Miss Minerva E. Edwards, a native of Tipton 
County, and a daughter of Alfred and Nancy Ed- 
wards, prominent old-time settlers of the state, 
highly respected in Tipton County. The pleasant 
home of our subject and his estimable wife has 
been blessed by the birth of thre'e children, two 
sons and a daughter. Clarence Elmer, the eldest 
born, a young man of energetic enterprise and 
business promise, married Miss Day Sharp, and is 
the father of one child; Ada L., an attractive and 
accomplished young lady, is yet at home with her 
parents, as is likewise the youngest son, a manly 
youth, Ilermin B. The brothers and sister received 
excellent educational advantages and have worth- 
ily prepared themselves to occupy with honor any 
position to which they may be called. They are 
social favorites in their birthplace, and possess the 
regard of a wide circle of friends. Immediately 
after their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Billhymer settled 
upon a part of Mr. Edwards' horaesteadi, and re- 
mained there a twelvemonth. Our subject then 
traded some property and bought his present val- 
uable farm of one hundred and seventy acres. 

The Billhymer homestead, brought up to a high 
state of cultivation and improved with substantial 
and commodious buildings, is a scene of thrift and 
plenty, evidencing the excellent management of 
the prosperous owner. Unaided our subject has 
gained a competence and won his upward way to 
assured success, and is now numbered among the 
public-spirited citizens and leading agriculturists 
of Hamilton County. Politicall}' a Republican, he 
takes an active part in local affairs, and is likewise 
well posted in national questions. He is an obser- 
ver of religion, an attendant of the Christian 
Church, and throughout his life has been distin- 
guished for sterling integrity of character. A 



friend to educational advancement, ho lias liberally 
aided in the progress of the school interests of 
White River Township, and has long been an im- 
portant factor in all matters tending to the mutual 
welfare of iiis locality. Mr. Billhymer, together 
with his wife and children, enjoys the confidence 
and high esteem of the entire community by whom 
he is surrounded. 

.hiines Billliynier. an elder brother of our sii-b- 
jeet, born !\Iareh f), 183.3, in Ohio, accompanied his 
parents to their Ti|)ton Count}- home when five 
years of age. When twenty-five years old James 
Billhymer wedded Miss Martha Newby, sister of 
,bihn Newby, a prominent man of Hamilton Coun- 
ty. The Newbys were early and influential citizens 
of the state. After his inarri.age this brother of 
our subject sold out his interests in Tipton Coun- 
ty and invested in eighty^ acres of land in Hamil- 
ton County, where his estimable wife also owned 
a forty and an eighty acre tract. Their home was 
brightened by the birth of three sons and three 
daughters. John J. married Alziua Webb, and has 
one child; Maggie, wife of .1. Henry has two chil- 
dren; William married Ainaiidu Wi-bb; Amanda, 
the wife of R. Roher, has two sons and one daugh- 
ter; Charles and Hattie are at home. Mr. Billhy- 
mer is politically a Republican, and he and his 
good wife are valued members of the Christian 
Church, and active aids in good work. 


OHN S. IHNSHAW, who follows farming 
in Clay Townsliip, H;unilton County, was 
born in Randolph County, N. C, in 1830. , 
His grandfather, Thomas Ilinshaw, came to 

this country from Ireland, and lieing a weaver by 
tiade, brought willi liini liis shuttle and scissors. 
He also owned a farm. His wife. Rebecca, whom 
he married in North Carolina, was born in this 
country of Irish parentage. Their children were 
six in number, namely: Mary, Sarah. Martha, 
Deborah, Stephen and Hannah. 

Stephen Ilinshaw. father of our subject , was 
born in North Carolina in 1803, and in his 
youtli worked on his father's farm during the 
summer and at the shoemaker's trade in the win- 

ter. He was married November 22, 182(;, to C.uly 
E. Hoover, a native of North Carolina. Her par- 
ents were born in Germany, and were Friends in 
religious faith. In the fall of 1830 Stephen Ilin- 
shaw came to Indiana, and spent three years on a 
rented farm near Richmond, W.ayne County. He 
came to his present farm on foot, entered one 
hundred and sixty acres of land and returned foi- 
his family, whom he brought with all his house- 
hold effects in a wagon. He built a log cabin 
20x20 feet, and to his possessions added until he 
had two hundred acres. He voted the Whig 
ticket. He bad to make his own roads to his 
land, and for _>ears he depended U)ion wild game 
to supply meat for the family. From his cabin 
door he killed deer, and wolves and bear were so 
numerous that a calf or lamb could not be raised 
without protecting it at night. A drove of fifty 
hogs froze to death on his farm one wintei-. 

The Hinshaw family numliered ten children: Mil- 
licent, deceased; Andrew, Jolin S., Thomas, Enos; 
Alsinda, who died in infancy; William II.; Rebecca 
H., wife of George Truitt; Martha A., wife of Ste- 
lihen Rich; and Ira. The father a Whig in 
politics, and in religious belief a member of 
the F^riends' Church. He died September 25, 
1854, aged fifty-one years. His wife passed away 
April 16, 1873, at the age of sixty-six years. 

Until twenty-one years of age, John S. Hinshaw 
remained at home, and began earning his liveli- 
hood by working in the harvest field at llO per 
month. He could cut forty shocks of wheat with 
a reef hook in one day. He worked four years, 
and during that time entered eighty acres of land 
in Iowa. On selling that he purchased one hun- 
dred and twenty acres elsewhere in Iowa, but he 
never lived in that state. He married Jemima 
Sanders, but her death occurred eighteen months 
later. In 1858 he wedded Mary J. Cruse, daugli- 
ter of Henry and Eliza ( Whitiiiger) Cruse, who 
were natives of Butler County. Ohio, while she born in this county. 

Mr. Ilinshaw after his m.arriage located on a 
|)art of the old homestead, of which he now owns 
two hundred .acres. He also has one hundred 
acres in Boone County, Ind. F'or many years he 
engaged in stock-dealing, driving his stock to 


Indianapolis. Upon his farm is a pear tree which 
is three feet in diameter and forty-five feet higli. 
It was planted sixt\' years ago and has borne for 
half a century. His place is one of the model 
farms iu the community, supplied with all modern 
accessories and conveniences. 

The Hinshaw home hsis been blessed with eleven 
children: Elizabeth A., who died at the Jige of 
four; Sarah E.; Mary E., wife of M. L. Vreeland; 
William H., who married EfHe Berry; Nancy, wife 
of Albert Mendenhall; .John C, who married Al- 
fretta Davis; W., who married Belle Will- 
iams; Martha A.; Stephen S.; Lemuel A., who mar- 
ried Cora Conrad; and May. Mr. Hinshaw is a 
member of the Society of Friends, and his wife 
belongs to the Methodist Church. In politics he 
is a Republican. A self-made, he deserves 
great credit for his success in life, which has all 
been acquired through his own well directed and 
enterprising efforts. He is numbered among the 
honored pioneers and is a highly esteemed citizen. 

ryi-^ ON. JOHN F. McCLURE, Secretary of the 
\\(jf< Irondale Real Estate Company, has at- 
J^^^ tained a prominence in the business and 
(^) social circles of Madison County equalled 
by few citizens, and surpassed by oone. Since lo- 
cating in Anderson, he has witnessed its growth 
from an unimportant hamlet to a foremost posi- 
tion among Indiana's cities, and to this happy con- 
summation he has himself largely contributed, his 
tact, business acumen and keen insight having 
been of great assistance to his fellow-citizens. The 
record of such a man will, therefore, possess for 
our readers the highest interest, and may with 
profit be thoughtfully perused by the 3'oung be- 
ginning in life with no capital save an abund- 
ance of hope, health and honor. 

The father of our subject, James, and his grand- 
father, James McClure, Sr., were natives of Coun- 
ty Sligo, Ireland, and the latter emigrated to 
America, accompanied by his wife and two of their 
three children. Coming to Indiana he purchased 
a tract of school land in the vicinity of Brookville, 

where he engaged in farming. It was about 1820 
when he made a settlement on the land, and he 
was consequently one of the very first settlers of 
the county, where he remained until his death. 
His farm consisted of one hundred and thirty acres, 
upon which he conducted general agricultural 

At the age of two years James McClure. Jr., was 
brought to the United States. He was 1 eared to 
manhood in Indiana, and now occupies his father's 
farm near Brookville, where he has for many years 
eng.aged in agricultural pursuits. The place con- 
sists of three hundred and eighty acres, in addition 
to which he is the owner of five hundred and sixty 
acres near El wood, this county. He is a consis- 
tent member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
and is devoted to the welfare of that denomina- 
tion. His wife was Ann McCaw, a native of Col- 
lege Corner, Butler County, Ohio, and the daugh- 
ter of David McCaw, who was born in Ireland; he 
emigrated to America, first settling in Ohio, where 
he engaged in fanning, and afterward casting his 
lot with the pioneer farmers of Franklin County, 
Ind. The mother of our subject died in July, 

There were nine children in the parental family, 
of whom five are now living. The eldest of that 
number is the subject of this sketch, who was born 
near Brookville, Franklin County, Ind., December 
24, 1852. After completing the course of study 
in the common schools, he entered Brookville 
Academy in the winter of 1872, and in the fall of 
1873 became a student in DePauw Univcrsit}-, 
graduating with the Class of '79. He was the 
salutatorian of his class, which numbered thirty- 
three, and was awarded the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts. Upon the completion of his literary studies 
he commenced the reading of law with Berry & 
Berry, of Brookville, Ind., and was admitted to 
the Bar in 1880. He opened an office for the prac- 
tice of his profession in Brookville, but remained 
there only a short time, coming thence to Ander- 
son in July, 1881. 

Forming a [)artnership with a lawyer from 
Brookville under the firm name of Carter & Mc- 
Clure, our subject embarked upon the sea of pro- 
fessional life in Anderson. He has since continued 



his practice uninterruptedly, with tiie exception of 
one year as Principal of the high scliool of Ander- 
son. Ho then resiiinc(l liis prdfessiimal Inlxirs, 
conducting Imsincss uuilcr tlic lirni litlo <if l'"iister 
ik JlcClure, until he was elected Mayor of Ander- 
son, in May, 188(5, on the Repulilicaii ticket. Two 
years later he was re-elected to this honorable po- 
sition, scrxinii inilil IS'.Ml. During liis adniinis- 
traliiMi the p(i|iul:Uinu <>( tlic city was trebled, the 
present system of water works was introduced, the 
tire department organized and electric lights put 
in. He also assisted in the location of a number 
of factories here. 

With an increased population, the real-estate 
business acquiied greater prominence in Anderson 
than before accorded it. Mr. McClure drifted into 
the business, and laid out Avenue Addition in 
pai tiiersliip with T. I!. ( »rr. The property, consisting 
of six acics, i^ now handsomely improved with 
substantial residences, tjuite recently Messrs. Mc- 
Clure and Orr sold sixty acres for Jackson Park. 
He was one of the organizers of the Irondale Real 
Estate Company, and has been its Secretary from 
the time of its organization. This compan}' has 
platted five hundred lots in Irondale and has con- 
ducted an extensive real-estate business in this 
part of the state. 

In .luly, l.s'.tl, Mr. McClure was appointed 
a member of the City Council from the First Ward 
to (ill a vacancy, and he served until May, 1892. 
During that time he was the author of the resolu- 
tion providing for the paving of the principal 
streets in 181)2. In other important w,avs he has 
promoted the upward growth of the city and en- 
hanced the prosperity of the citizens. A stanch 
Republican, he was Chairman of the County Cen- 
tral Republican Committee from 1888 until 18!)2, 
but resigned in order to accept the nomination for 
County Treasurer. He was defeated in the elec- 
tion, although by onl3- two hundred votes. 

From June, 1891, until June, 1892, Mr. McClure 
was one of the proprietors of the Anderson daily 
and weekly Herald, and was its editor. Socially he 
is a Knight of Pythias, and lias been Past Chancel- 
lor of the ITuiformed Rank, and Captain of the 
Anderson Division. He is also an Elk, and a member 
of the Mingo Tribe of Red Men. In 1889 he aided 

in the organization of the Anderson Club and 
its (list President. He was married at Anderson in 
18.SS, his bride being Aliss M;iry I";ilknor, who was 
born near Dayton. Ohio. .Mrs. McClure is the 
daughter of Elias Falknor, who .settled in Ander- 
son after the close of the Civil War and until 
recently vv.aseng.aged in the agricultural implement 
business. Mr. and Mrs. McClure are the parents 
of one sou, Horace. 



.stly shapes his 
)wn destiny. He can make his life a suc- 
■ess or he can make it a failure. The 
lo boy, now the head of a great Anderson 
rhosc to do the former thing. Dan T. 
Kaufiiiun, of the lirm of Kaufmrin .V Davis, pro- 
prietors of the Lion Store, has been the architect 
of his own fortune. He was born in Kokomo, 
Howard County, Ind., on the lltli of December, 
ISCO. :iiid is tlic s(ui of David Kaufman, a native 
of IVnnsylvauia, wlio was for many years an hon- 
ored citizen and liusiness man of Kokomo. The 
mother was Abigail iilock. Both i)arents died in 

Dan T. Kaufman is the youngest of four chil- 
dren. He was reared in Kokomo and educated in 
the common schools of the (jlai-e. He early devel- 
oped a penchant for business and at the age of 
eleven became a clerk in the store of Robert 
Haskett, one of Kokomo's oldest merchants. When 
fifteen years of age he went on the road selling 
goods to the dealers in the small neighboring 
towns. He represented the firm of Morris, Wild 
& Co., of New York, and gradually extended his 
trips to larger towns and more extensive territory 
until finally he traveled over Indiana, Ohio and 

After traveling for three years. iSfr. Kaufman 
engaged ,as manager of the dress-goods dei)artment 
in the store of Block & Thalman, of Kokomo, where 
he remained until he went into business at Ander- 
son, in March, 1887. In partnership with George 
W. Davis, also a Kokomo man, the Lion Store was 
opened in a room 36x90 feet in dimensions. Sue- 


cess seemed assured from the outset, and the busi- 
ness grew to sucli proportions that, in 1893, four 
floors, eompreliending 19,600 square feet of space, 
was occupied. The Lion Store has seveuteen dif- 
ferent departments in cliarge of thirty or forty 
people. Tliis is tlie oldest dry-goods firm in 
the city under continuous management without 
change. Mr. Kaufman is a Knight of Pythias and 
a Republican. 

In 1884, Mr. Kaufman was married in Kokomo 
to Miss Eva Turner, who was born in that city. 
She is the daughter of Rev. Jesse Turner, a minister 
of the Friends' Church. Their tliree children are 
named: Rex, Frank and Helen. 

the son of Hon. De Witt C. Chipman, one of the 
best-known men in the state, and a pioneer 
lawyer, who was born in Middlebury, Wyom- 
ing County, N. Y., September 21, 1824. The mother 
was Miss Cassandra Clark, who was born at Nobles- 
ville. She was the daughter of Dr. H. W. Clark, who 
was a native of Virginia. A detailed biography 
of .Judge Chipman's father and mother is given in 
another part of this volume, to which the attention 
of the reader is directed. 

Judge Chipman's early life was passed in Nobles- 
ville, where he attended the schools. He came to 
Anderson in 1870 with his parents and began the 
study of law with his father. In the fall of 1872 
he entered the law department of -the Indiana 
University at Bloomington and was graduated in 
1873 with the degree of LL. B. Upon returning 
from college he commenced the practice of law 
with his father, and after the latter removed to 
Richmond, he practiced alone until 1876. He then 
entered into partnership with H. C. Ryan, and the 
fii in of Chipman & Ryan existed until 1879, when it 
was disMilved. Later Hon. James W. Sansberry and 
Judge Chipman formed a partnership, which con- 
tinued until 1886, when Mr. Sansberry retired to 
become President of what is now the National Ex- 
change Bank. 

Our subject again entered into business with his 

father, and so continued until F^ebruary 22, 1889, 
when he was appointed Judge of the Fiftieth Ju- 
dicial Circuit by Gov. Alvin P. Hovey to fill a 
vacancy created by act of the Legislature in con- 
stituting Madison County a Judicial Circuit. He 
held this position until the 22d of November, 
1890, when his successor by^ election qualified. He 
was nominated by the Republicans for re-election, 
but although the Democrats controlled the county 
by five hundred and ten majority, Judge Chip- 
man was defeated by only three hundrecf and 
forty votes. On the 1st of December, 1890, 
he entered into partnership with F. A. Walker, 
and the partnership continued until June 1, 1893, 
when the law firm of Chipman, Keltner & Hendee 
was formed, making altogether the most formida- 
ble legal combination in this part of the state. Mr. 
Keltner was formerl3' of the firm of Robinson, 
Lovett & Keltner, and Mr. Hendee was for many 
years the partner of Hon. Charles L. Henry. 

At the time of his appointment as Judge, Mr. 
Chipman was Secretary of the Board of School 
Trustees. For eight consecutive years he was 
Secretary of the Republican County Central Com- 
mittee. Socially he is a member of the Encamp- 
ment, I. O. O. F. and Grand Warden of the Grand 
Lodge of Indiana. He is Past Chancellor of Ander- 
son Lodge No. 106, K. of P., and is likewise an 
Elk. He is a member of the State Bar Association. 

On the 22d of June, 1875, Judge Chipman and 
Miss Margaret P. Buskirk were married at Paoli, 
Orange County, Ind. She was born in Orange 
County, and was the daughter of John B. Buskirk, 
a prominent merchant of that place. They are the 
parents of two living children, Anna K. and 
Mai'y. They have an elegant home on Jackson 
Street, in the handsomest part of the residence 
section of Anderson. 

Judge Chipman is a man of ambition in his un- 
dertakings, and when a boy sought to obtain the 
means to enable him to procure a good education, 
beginning by selling newspapers, and undertaking 
more pretentious work as he grew older and 
stronger. The result has vindicated the wisdom 
of his early resolution. He is recognized as an 
able advocate, an influential attorney, and a man 
of sound legal attainments. 

^ ^r^ W^ 




§YRON McMAHAN. There is a large 
number of professional men residing in 
Anderson to whose talents and services 
the city is indebted for miicii of its ma- 
terial progress. In this class conspicuous mention 
belongs to Mr. McMahan, who for a number of 
years has conducted an extensive legal practice at 
this place. Having passed his entire life in Madi- 
son County, he is well known among tiie promi- 
nent people residing here, and during the ten years 
spent in Anderson he has gained an enviable repu- 
tation for broad knowledge and legal skill. Now 
in i[innhood's prime, the success he has achieved is 
noteworthy and is doubtless the precursor of added 
honors in years to come. 

Horn near Alexandria, Madisim County. Ind.. 
.hily 28, 1850, the subject of this sketch is the j.on 
of James and .Sarah (Smith) McMahan, natives 
resi)ectively of Wayne County, Ind., and North 
Carolina. The paternal grandfather, Samuel Mc- 
Mahan, was born in North Carolina, where he 
married Miss Susan Ellis and afterward located on 
a farm in that state. During the territorial days 
of Indiana became liither and, settling in Wayne 
County', cleared and improved a rariii. Later 
he came to Madison County and purehused the 
farm where, many 3'ears subsequently, oiii- subject 
opened Ids eyes to the light of day. It was 
early in the '30s when he brought his family to 
this county, and here his remaining years were 
passed, his death occurring at the age of sixt^'- 
four. He was a man of influence among the 
piuiieers of this county and was a devoted mem- 
ber of the Methodist PIpiscopal Chuich. His 
father, wlui was a strict Presbyterian, emigrated to 
Aiiieriea from the North of Ireland and, settling 
in North Carolina, remained there until death 
teniiinated his career. 

.lames McMahan was reared in In<liaiKi and re- 
ceived his education in a log schoolhouse where 
the mode of instruction was as ])rimitive as the 
building itself. He was married in Madison 
County, and here engaged in farming and also 
worked at his trade, that of a brick mason. He 
was a skilled mechanic, and could make anything 
in wood or iron. He was also a man of literary" 
culture, fond of all kinds of reading, hut especi- 

ally devoted to the study of astronomy. In poli- 
tics, he was first a Whig and later a Republican. 
His religious convictions were in symjiathy with 
the doctrines of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
and he was a consistent memlier of that denoniin- 

In 1862, James McMahan enlisted as a private 
in the Seventy-fifth Indiana Infantry, Company O, 
and served with valor until he was discharged 
on account of ph^^sical disability, the result of a 
sunstroke while in Kentucky. He never recovered 
from the effects of the stroke, and his death, in 
September, 1886, was the result of it. He was 
prominent in the Grand Army of the Republic, 
and was a man of influence in his community. 
His wife, Sarah, was a daughter of Wright Smith, 
a native of Virginia and an early settler of Boone 
Township. Madison County, Ind., where he im- 
proved a farm and remained until his death. Mrs. 
Smith, whose maiden name was Lydia Brunt, was 
a native of North Carolina, from which state her 
father came to Madison County; he settled on a 
farm north of Alexandria, dying there at the age 
of ninety-four. The Smith family is of English 
descent, and its members were for many years 
prominent in Virginia. The motiier of our sub- 
ject is now (1893) a resident of Elwood, and has 
attained the age of sixty-six. 

In the McMahan family there were seven chil- 
dren, of whom six are now living, four sons and 
two daughters, namely: Thomas J., Vice-President 
of the National Exchange Bank of Anderson; 
Dr. Samuel W., of Indianapolis; our subject; 
Joseph L., who resides in Elwood; George G.. de- 
ceased; Josephine, Mrs. O. B. Frazier, of Elwood; 
and Florence, wife of James R. Kirkpatrick. Byron 
was reared on a farm, where he had such educa- 
tional advantages as were afforded by the district 
schools, first in Monroe Township, and later in 
Boone Township, where he walked one and three- 
fourths miles to school, during sixty days of each 
winter. At the age of twenty he commenced teach- 
ing school in Jackson Township, and for four suc- 
cessive winters was thus engaged, while his sum- 
mers were spent in the National Normal School at 
Lebanon, Ohio. 
I After filling the position of Principal of the 



schools at Frankton, Ind., for one term, Mr. Mc- 
Mahan was obligert to resign on account of ill 
health, and afterward removed to Miami County, 
tills state, where he purchased a drug store at 
Mexico. One year later he went to Hartford City, 
Ind., and engaged in the drug business for one 
year, when he sold his interest in the concern to 
his partner. Removing to Alexandria, he cm- 
barked in partnership with his brother in the drug 
business, and for three years had charge of the 
store. In February, 1880, he commenced the study 
of law in Alexandria, and in the fall of the same 
year entered the Valparaiso Law School, from 
which he was graduated May 31, 1882, with the 
degree of Bachelor of Laws. 

Opening an office in Alexandria in partnership 
with L. M. Schwinn, our subject conducted a 
legal business for one year. In 1883, he came 
to Anderson, his partner accompanj'ing him, 
and they were afterward associated with W. A. 
Kitlinger for two years. In 1887, Mr. McMahan 
formed a partnership with T. B. Orr, and the firm 
of Orr dr McMahan was one of the most promi- 
nent in the county until the partnership was dis- 
solved, December 1, 1891, Mr. Orr retiring on 
account of ill health. The present partnership of 
Diven & McMahan was formed on New Year's 
Day, 1892, and the firm now occupies pleasant 
offices on the corner of Ninth and Meridian 
Streets. Their business includes every kind of 
general legal work, and their knowledge of the 
principles of the law has secured for them an envi- 
able reputation as a law firm. 

In Frankton, May 23, 1875, occurred the mar- 
riage of Byron McMahan to Miss Elnora Quick, 
who was born near Middletown, Henry County, 
Ind., and was reared principally in Madison 
County. The union of Mr. and Mrs. McMahan 
resulted in the birth of five children: Adelbert O., 
deceased; Clyde D., Kenneth B., Hazel and Adrene. 
Mr. McMahan is a stockholder in, and attorney 
for, the Frankton Land and Improvement Com- 
pany, which has platted an addition to the village 
of Frankton. He is also a charter member of the 
Anderson Loan Association, and for five years was 
Clerk of the Water Works Board. Politically, he 
is a staunch Republican. In religious matters, he 

believes in the doctrines of the Christian Church, 
of wiiich he is an active member and one of the 
Trustees. His residence is located on the corner 
of Twelfth and .Tackson Streets. 

ELEAZER W. WILSON, a prominent farmer, 
and for three-score years a constant eye- 
witness of the remarkable growth .and de- 
velopment of Indiana, has long been a resident of 
his tine farm, pleasantly located in Washington 
Township, Hamilton County. Born in Randolph 
County, N. C, September 23, 1821, he was the son 
of .Samuel and Ruth (Thornburg) Wilson, natives 
of the old Tar State. The paternal grandfa- 
ther, .loseph Wilson, born in England, emigrated 
to this country with his father when j'oung. He 
was a well-educated man, and owned a large plan- 
tation and was a slaveholder of North Carolina, 
operating a general farming business in Randolph 
County. He was drafted during the Revolution- 
ary War, and while on the way to the army sud- 
denly died, at the age of fifty years. In politics 
a Whig, he was an upright man and devout mem- 
ber of the Friends' Church. 

The father of our subject, Samuel Wilson, 
worked on a farm by the month, and attended 
school in the winter seasons until he was twenty- 
one, and enjoyed exceptional educational advan- 
tages. Soon after attaining his majorit}', he mar- 
ried Miss Ruth, daughter of Thomas and Marion 
(Hunt) Thornburg, born in North. Carolina. Of 
the thirteen sons and daughters of the parents, one 
only died in childhood, the others surviving to 
adult age. Joseph was the eldest-born. Then fol- 
lowed Thomas, Sarah, Henry, Abigail, Eleazer (our 
subject), John C, Ezekiel, Samuel, Esther, Ruth 
A. and Nathan. The mother died upon the 15tli 
of March, 1860, aged sixty-nine years. A well- 
informed woman, of intelligence and ability, she 
was a valued member of the Friends' Church, be- 
loved by a wide circle of old acquaintances, and was 
universally mourned when she entered into rest. 

The father came to W.iyne County in the fall 
of 1829, and rented a one hundred and sixty-.acre 



farm. In 1830, ho removed to Clay Township, 
Hamilton County, and entered one hundied and 
sixty acres, which he cleared and cullivated, mak- 
ing this land his homestead, and also filtered two 
hundred and forty acres, whicli he atlerward gave 
to his three eldest sons, Joseph, Thomas and 
Henry, lie remained upon the old farm until 
ISCl,' when hr j.Minieycd !<. Leaven vvoiih ('(Uiiity, 
Kan., and, Imyiiiy one and ^ixly acre, of 
land, continued his residence tliere until liis death, 
May 13, 1867, aged eighty years. Samuel Wilson 
was, like his ancestors, a memher of the Kiiends' 
Chiiicli, and in youth a Whi.u, he liccanie a Rcpiili- 
heaii uiHiii llic formation <if the party. He wa.s 
possessed of sterling integrity, and was universal- 
ly esteemed. Our subject made his home with his 
father and mother until he reached his majority, 
and enjoyed the benefit of school during the win- 
ter niuiiths, and in the summers assisted in the 
hard work of the farm. 

At twenty-two years of age, Eleazer W. Wilson 
entered into marriage with Miss iMiiiliiie Wage- 
man, daughter of Benjamin and Margaret (Miller) 
Wageman, both natives of Nortli Carolina. I'nto 
the union of our subject and his estimable wife 
were born two children, a son and daughter, liiith 
A. married Rome Brandell, and lives close to her 
father; Samuel B. first married Amanda Smith, 
and had liy her two children; by his second mar- 
riage, with Viola Wilson, he became the father of 
two other children, the four all being sons. Mrs. 
Wilson was educated in Salem, N. C, and was a 
woman of wortli and intelligence. From her early 
youth a devout Christian and a memlx'r of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, she was highly e,s- 
teemed, and jiassed peacefully away, .January 29, 
1877, aged forty-nine years. Slie was a devoted 
wife and mother, and in her death her family sus- 
tained a great loss. 

In beginning life for himself, Mr. Wilson soon 
after reaching twent3--one years bought eighty 
acres of land in Washington Township, and also 
rented a farm to make money to pay for the 
eighty acres, all timber. He finally .sold out his 
landed interest and located permanently on the 
farm where he now resides. He owned at one 
time two hundred acres and over, and yet has one 

hundred and thirty-six acres highly cultivated 
and finely' improved with excellent, attractive and 
commodious buildings. The properly, .•iinoiig the 
best farming land in tlu- roimty, is worth fully 
$80 per acre, and annually yields an abundant 
harvest. Our subject has won his way in life by 
honest industry, and although now seventy-two 
years of ago. is hale and liearly and eould. if he 
desired, do a good day's woik. He is known as a 
man of earnest |)urpose and upright character, and 
is a member of the Friends' C'hurch. 

Politically a Republican, Mr. Wilson is a liberal- 
spirited citi/.einaiul. linaneially pn.spered. is ever 

prise. He has long b..eii fraternally associated 
with Westlield Lodge No. 1 I.'), A. F. .t A. M. 

C^^HOMAS J. PATTERSON. The simple 
(ff/^^ record of the life of a man who lias (piietly 
^V^/ pursued his chosen occupation is the best 
testimonial that can be given of his worth of char- 
acter. The subject of this sketch, the present 
Commissioner of Hamilton County, has sjient his 
entire life here, having been born in Fall Creek 
Township, April 26, 1844. He is the grandson of 
.Samuel Patterson, one of the early settlers of Pre- 
ble County, Ohio, where he died in old age, after 
having developed and improved a farm. 

The father of our subject, .Samuel Patterson, 
was a native of Ohio, and reniove(l thence to In- 
diana, where he settled upon a farm in Fall Creek 
Township, Hamilton County, and here resided 
until his death in 1852, at the early age of thirty- 
five. His wife, whose maiden name Margaret 
Mac Burney, passed away a few days after bis de- 
mise. They were the parents of six children, of 
whom thiee are living, namely: Mattie, the wife 
of Samuel Wertz, of Columbus, Ind.; Ella, who 
married C. Ricketts and resides at r)0ulder, Colo.; 
and Thomas .T., the latter being the third in order 
of l)irth. 

Orphaned by the death of his father when he 
was only seven years old, the subject of this 
notice was early obliged to be self-supporting, and 


in youth lie developed the traits of manly self- 
reliance and independence which have been of 
such material assistance to him during his active 
business cai-eer. At the age of thirteen he com- 
menced to workout by tlie month, and during the 
following years was in tlie employ of various farm- 
ers. In the spring of 1862 he enlisted as a mem- 
ber of the Fifty-fourth Indiana Infantry, Company 
A, and at the expiration of his term of service he 
re-enlisted for one year. While with his regiment, 
he participated in the siege of Vicksburg, the bat- 
tle of Jackson and many minor engagements. 
When his year of service expired, he enlisted in 
the Second Indiana Cavahy to serve for three 
years, or during the war. On the day when 
peace was declared, he was at Macon, Ga., in line 
of battle in an engagement. In July, 1865, he 
was mustered out of the service. 

March 1, 1866, Mr. Patterson married Miss Clara 
Brown, of New Paris, Ohio, a daughter of William 
Franklin Brown, a native of North Carolina, who 
spent almost his entire life in Ohio, dying there in 
September, 1892, at the age of eighty-two years. 
The mother of Mrs. Patterson bore the maiden 
name of Lucinda Purviance, and was born in New 
Paris, Ohio; she is still living. Mrs. Patterson i.s 
one of four children, the others being: James, a 
resident of New Paris, Ohio; Osborn, who lives in 
Dayton, Ohio; and Mary Ann, who dietl in Oc- 
tober, 1892. The union of Mr. and Mrs. Patter- 
son has resulted in the birth of seven children, 
namely: Dora L., wife of Calvin Harrison, of Fall 
Creek Township; Maud, Fred, Myrtle and Finley, 
all of whom reside with their parents; Rosa, who 
died at the age of four years; and Frank, who 
died when two years old. 

After his marriage, Mr. Patterson settled upon a 
farm, where he remained, conducting general farm- 
ing pursuits, until 1870. He then located upon a 
farm in Fall Creek Township, where he spent 
twelve years. In 1882 he came to the forty-eight 
acre farm where he now makes his home. While 
he has been interested in agriculture, he has also 
engaged in various business enterprises. In 1869 
he embarked in the sawmill liusiness, in which he 
continued until the panic of 187:S, when he sold 
out. For twenty-live years he has owned and op- 

erated a steam threshing machine in Hamilton 
County. He formerly owned a gas well located 
on his farm, which supplied several families with 
gas. On the 29th of August, 1892, he sold the 
well to a company which now operates it, he retain- 
ing four of the thirty-five shares of the stock. Hfc 
has charge of the general business of the Manufact- 
urers Gas Company^ of Indianapolis, whose wells 
are located as follows: sixteen in Fall Creek 
Township; five in Wayne Township; and thirteen 
in Madison County. The entire out|)ut of the 
wells is devoted to manufacturing purposes ex- 
clusively in Indianapolis. 

A prominent Republican, and interested in the 
success of his party, Mr. Patterson served for 
nine years as Assessor of Fall Creek Township, re- 
signing that position in 1885, wlien he was elec- 
ted County Commissioner. He has served in the 
latter office continuously to the present time, hav- 
ing been twice re-elected. His present term of 
office expires in December, 1894. Socially he holds 
fraternal relations with Lookout Post, G. A. R., at 
Noblesville, and since 1877 has belonged to Fort- 
ville Lodge No. 207, F. & A. M. In various ways 
he has contributed to the development of the re- 
sources of the county and has been especially ac- 
tive in securing gravel roads, having been con- 
tractor for these roads at different times. 

<| IRILLIAM A. MORGAN. Among the well- 
\/\l/l ^'^'^'^^ residents of Fall Creek Township, 
\VW Hamilton County, there is not one more 
truly honored than he whose name introduces this 
sketch, and whose success in life has been due 
almost wholly to his Industry and perseverance. 
In all the relations of life he has a record for 
integrity and energy, and these qualities have 
given him a hold upon the community which all 
might well desire to share. He is now officiating 
as Trustee of the township, and having spent his 
entire life here, has become prominent in public 

Referring to the ancestral history of our subject, 
we find that his grandfather, Elias Morgan, was 


one of the early settlers of Fall Creek Township, 
locating here in 1830 and engaging iu clearing 
and improving a farm until his death, which 
occurred at the age of seventy-five. The father 
of our subject, Edwin Morgan, was born in North 
Carolina in 18'2(), and at the age of ten years 
accompanied the family' to Indiana, settling in 
Hamilton County at a time when this part of the 
state was but little developed, lie has since 
resided in Fall Creek Township, upon the farm 
which he has improved and upon which lie reared 
to adult age a family of eleven children. 

Of this large family, eight are now living, as 
follows: Rebecca A., the wife of James .1. lvi)Kadc, 
of Fall Creek Township; Sarah C, who married 
Tliomas A. Richards and lives in Fall Creek Town- 
ship; Jane, the wife of M. P. Richards; Cora, Mrs. 
W. H. Williams; Ellas and Thomas A., who reside 
in North Indianapolis; Robert R., who makes his 
home in Fall Creek Township; and William A., of 
this sketch. The Last-named was born in Fall 
Creek Township May 7, 1859. During his boy- 
hood years he attended school in the winter and 
was employed on the home farm during the 
summer seasons until the age of twenty years. 

March 17, 1879, Mr. Morgan married Miss 
Mattie J., daughter of John F. and Nancy (Lowe) 
Weaver. She is one of four children, the others 
being, Clemmie, wife of John J. Alexander, of 
North Indianapolis; Clara, who married Carr 
Brattain, of Clarksville; and John S. Weaver, who 
resides with his parents. The father of this family 
was a native of Ohio and was a minister liy pro- 
fession, being prominent in the Baptist (Church. 
He died May 30, 1891, at the age of fifty-three 
years; his widow is still living, and resides upon 
the old homestead. Our subject and his wife are 
the parents of one child, Floyd, a bright and in- 
telligent child, now (1893) four years of age. 

Three years after his marriage, Mr. Morgan 
located upon the farm where he now resides, he 
having previously erected the house in which the 
family lives. In April, 1888, he was elected Trustee 
of the township of Fall Creek for a term of two 
years. In 1890 he was re-elected, this time for a 
term of four j'ears, which term of service has since 
been extended another year, so that his period of 

service as Trustee will expire in Avigusl. 1«95. 
While officiating in tliis cnpiuMty, Mr. Morgan has 
built two school liuil(liii->: Xo. ■>. uliicli was 
erected in 1890, and No. C, in l.s;il, l,,,il, ,,r wliich 
arc elegant brick structiiivs luhl a ci'cdit to the 

In politics Mr. Morgan i< a I )<■ ■r.n. :ilw;iy< 

heartily interested in the p.-ni y :iiiil its pi inriplcs. 
He is respected for his hearty interest in .-ill IIimI 
contributes to the good of his towiiship. .\ ni:ni 
of sterling integrity of character, exccllful judg- 
ment, and withal a liberal-spirited citizen, he en- 
joys the esteem and conlidence of the entire 

•^#^-r — 

ANIEL M. HARE, one of the wealthy 
jj stockmen of .Sheridan, born in High- 
land County, Ohio, September 1(1. \s',], 
~ The first representative of this family in 

the United States was Jacob Hare, the groat-great- 
grandfather of our subject, and an Englishman by 
birth, who in early life came to America and set- 
tled in Virginia, there marrying a German lady. 
Jacob, the great-grandfather of Daniel M., was a 
soldier in the Revolutionary War; and his son 
Daniel was a soldier in the War of 1812, enlisting 
in Ohio, where he had made settlement several 
years prior to entering the army. It was during 
his servit^e that Philip Hare, father of our subject, 
was born near Chillicothe, Ohio, in 1812. 

A man of liberal education. Grandfather Hare 
was a preacher in the Methodist Church and was 
known as "Bishop" Hare. Whether or not he was 
ever in reality a bishop is uncertain, though it is 
possible that he received the title from his long 
and continuous service in the Methodist Church. 
As an orator, he eloquent and interesting, 
and always held the close attention of his hear- 
ers. He died in Ohio, as did his father. He 
had a brother, Jacob, a very eccentric man, who 
accumulated a fortune in real estate in Columbus, 
and instead of willing it to his relatives, bequeathed 



it to the city of Columbus for the term of ninety- 
nine years. Tliis property is now worth millions 
of dollars, yet it cannot be touched by any of his 

Philip Hare was the eldest of nine cliUdren, 
three daughters and six sons, and, receiving a 
fair education, followed the profession of a teacher 
for some time. His principal occupation in life, 
how(^ver, was that of a farmer, in which he was 
engaged until his death in Ohio in 1881, aged 
seventy-one j'ears. Like his father, he was identi- 
fied with the Methodist Church. He was a prom- 
inent man in local affairs and served for many 
years as .Justice of the Peace. One of his brothers, 
Joseph, is a well-to-do farmer residing in Ohio. 

Another brother, Huston, was a Methodist 
preacher, and in Iowa served for several years 
as Presiding Elder. In the Civil War he entered 
the army as Chaplain of an Iowa regiment, and 
being taken prisoner, gave up his life in Libby 
prison. His son, Wilbur, was an artist of some 
note, and entered the service as a member of the 
regiment to which his father belonged. He was 
taken prisoner at tiie same time, and, like his father, 
starved to death in Libby. Another brother of 
Philip Hare went to Mississippi, where he married 
tlie daughter of a wealthy planter and died soon 
afterward. John, also a brother of Philip Hare, 
was a farmer in Ohio and died there at the age of 
fifty. Marcus D. Lafayette served as Captain of 
Company A, Seventieth Oiiio Infantry, through 
the entire period of the war, and was killed by a 
sharpshoooter on the day Lee surrendered, after 
having participated in many of the most desperate 
engagements of the war and escaping without a 
wound from them all. A sister, Sarah, married 
Milton Robbins,and lives in Ohio. Mary married 
a Mr. Duffy, a soldier in the Civil War, and both 
are now deceased. 

The mother of our subject, whose maiden name 
was Martha Owens, was born at Tracy, near East 
St. Louis, 111., being a daughter of William Owens, 
a farmer and one of the pioneers of Illinois. Aside 
from this we know Init little of the family history. 
Mrs. Martha Hare still survives and makes her 
home in Brown County, Ohio. Our subject is the 
fifth in a family consisting of six sons and five 

daughters, all of whom with one exception arc 
now living. Eleanor died in infancy. Sarah 
married C. H. Boatman, an artist residing in Sher- 
idan. Mary married Richard Hilling, who died 
leaving one child; afterward she became the wife 
of Samuel Cowen, a resident of Brown County, 
Ohio. Ellen became the wife of William AVinteis, 
a stockman of Brown County, Ohio. William is a 
grocer at Sheridan. Perr}' follows farming pur- 
suits in Oliio. Kate married John Campbell, a 
hardware merchant at Sardinia, Ohio. Lewis is a 
barber in Cincinnati; and Frank is engaged in 

Receiving a good education in youth, our sub- 
ject was a teacher in -the public schools before he 
was eighteen. P'or several years he taught in 
Ohio, and in 1875 came to Indiana, where for a 
number of terms he was instructor in the schools 
of Sheiidan and Boxley. He left the schoolroom 
to engage in farming and in the stock business, 
and in the pursuit of agricultui'al affairs has accu- 
mulated a competency, being now recognized as 
one of tlie most extensive stock dealers in the 
county. He is the owner of two fine farms, and 
all that he has and all that he is may be attributed 
to his unaided exertions. 

In 1877 Mr. Hare married Miss Edith, daughter 
of Eber Teter, one of the pioneers of Hamilton 
County, and a sister of Rev. Eber Teter, President 
of the Indiana Conference of the Wesleyan Meth- 
odist Church and Vice-President of the National 
Conference. She is also a sister of Ambrose Teter, 
a prominent farmer of Adams Township, of whom, 
as well as of Rev. Eber Teter, further mention is 
elsewhere made. Mr. and Mrs. Hare are the par- 
ents of four children, one of whom. Lulu, died in 
the summer of 1893, when in her fifteenth year. 
The others are, Philip, a boy of twelve years 
(1893); Sidney, who is nine years old; and an in- 
fant named John II. 

In political opinions, Mr. Hare is a Prohibition- 
ist, with a tendency toward Democracy. He has 
never held, nor aspired to, any political office, pre- 
ferring to devote his attention exclusively to his 
private affairs. In his religious connections he is 
an earnest and active member of the Wesleyan 
Jlethodist Church, with which his wife is also 



identified. They are numbered among the most 
proniinent residents of Slieridan and are well 
known in the social circles of the vilhige. 

^^EORGK E. ADAMS. Of the young men 
III ,-— who have achieved success as agriculturists 
^^j! of Madison County, few have displayed 
the energy, i)erseverance and enterprise which 
have characterized the subject of this sketch — one 
of Richland Township's most progressive and capa- 
ble farmers. He has acquired the ownership of 
two hundied and forty acres of finely improved 
land, located in the northern part of the town- 
ship on section 5. Upon his farm lie has placed 
fa\st-class improvements in the w.iy of buildings, 
farming implements, etc., and the place is consid- 
ered one of the best in the community. 

A native of the township in which he now re- 
sides, our subject was born February 11, 1862, be- 
ing a son of Robert and Angeline (Craycraft) 
Adams. His father was born in Scotland, and in 
his }'outh emigrated to the United States. After 
traveling extensively through the western states, 
he came to Indiana and became an early settler of 
M.idison County. For a time he worked in a 
wot)len factory at Pendleton, and finally settled 
in the southern portion of Richland Township. 
However, being a woolen manufacturer, he devot- 
ed the greater part of bis life to that business, 
conducting farming operations as a side issue, his 
work being done by hired employes on the farm. 

An extensive reader, a close observer of men 
and things, and a man of firm convictions upon 
all subjects of general importance, Robert Adams 
always aimed to keep well posted upon all the cur- 
rent topics, and was recognized as one of the best 
infoiraed men of the community. For many 
years he was the manager and proprietor of a 
woolen factory on Kilbuck Creek, in Richland 
Township, to the management of which he gave 
his personal attention, often having fifteen men in 
his employ. His death, which occurred about 

1878, was mourned throughout the township and 
county as a public loss, and his memory is still re- 
vered in the hearts of his former associates. His 
widow survived him fur a nunilier of years, de- 
parting this life in 1880. 

Of the children born to Robert Adams and his 
good wife, the following survive: Robert, .lose- 
pliine, .lessie and George K. In politics, the 
futlier of this family was a Republican, and prior 
to the organization of that party identified him- 
self with the Wliigs. In his business, he was a suc- 
cessful financier, and a man of excellent judgment 
and sound common sense. While not a member 
of any religious organization, lie was a liberal con- 
tributor to church and benevolent projects, and 
was a man of large charit^y and generous disposi- 

The subject of this sketch was reared to man- 
hood in this couiily. reeeuiiig in the pulilie 
schools of the hoine neighborhood an t'xeellent 
education, which prepared him for active partici- 
pation in the stern realities of life. He was united 
in marriage in October, 188G, with Miss Anna 
Schalk, and they are the parents of three children, 
Clara, Chester and Everett. The family occu- 
pies a position of social prominence in the town- 
ship, and both Mr. Adams and his accomplished 
wife are welcome guests in the best homes of the 

EDWARD I. ANDERSON. We look back 
over the vista of seventy years, when a 
young man and maiden unite their desti- 
nies and go forth to fight the battle of life. They 
pitched their tent in the then distant west, the 
wilds of Ohio, and later in the sister state, In- 
diana. We remember with a degree of pleasure 
the log cabin nestled away among the forest trees, 
whose wide-spread branches almost interlocked 
above its roof, as if their outstretched hands would 
shield it from the stormy blast, as well as shelter 
it from the blazing sun. The birds sang in tlie 


branches, wild flowers bloomed, and altogether the 
landscape see.i.ed fairer than any of wliic-h paint- 
ers dream. 

But its priniitivp beauty soon vanislied. The 
forest was driven hack by the woodman's axe; in- 
stead of the oak the orchai'd tree Ijlossoraed and 
brought forth fruit in its season, (ireen fields and 
golden waving grain gladdened the eye, and the 
fragrance of clover blooms regaled tiie senses most 
exquisitely. The patter of bab\- feet upon the 
hearthstone, the [irattle of habv voices, and the 
merry laugli of childhood ivas a solace to pain and 
care. Earnest labor liad found its reward, as was 
attested by the comfortable farm house and well- 
filled barns. The busy hands of the house-wife 
plied skillfully and well the wlieel, the loom and 
the needle. Be it i-ememliered that the sewing ma- 
chine was then not in vogue, nor was there 
"In all the land, from zone to zone, 
A telegraph or tele|)hone." 

She wiio spun, wove, cut and made the fabric 
into garments was tiie maid of all work; mother, 
seamstress, cook and chambermaid; she churned 
the milk, made the cheese, and in addition to 
other duties watched and cared for ten cliildren, 
nine of whom still live to call her blessed. 

John Anderson, the father of the gentleman 
whose name heads this sketch (and the father of 
Samuel Stephenson and John N. Anderson, whose 
sketches ajipear elsewhere in these pages), was 
born in Huntington County, N. J., in 1803, and 
was there reared upon the farm beh)nging to his 
father. At the age of about twenty, he married 
and started westward. His first location was in 
Clermont County, Ohio, where he, one evening in 
the springtime, drew up to that which was to be 
for a time their home. Their belongings consisted 
of but one team of horses, a wagon and a few 
household articles. Upon that place they resided 
for seven years. In 1832 they removed to In- 
diana, and in Madison County entered two hun- 
dred and forty acres of Government land, eighty 
acres in Stony Creek Township, and one hundred 
and sixty in Wayne Township, Hamilton County. 
The land was wild and iiiitDuched b\- the furrow, 
and wild animals were plentiful. Our subject saw 
large herds of deer and other wild '^ame in his 

youth, and also saw the stakes upon which were 
hung the whites who murdered the Indians. 

The parental family consisted of nine children 
besides our subject. They are: Ambrose Frederick, 
now a resident of White Uiver Township, Hamil- 
ton County, Ind.; Sarah Ann, who is married and 
resides in Anderson; Mary, who is married and 
makes her home in Johnson County, Kan.; Rachel, 
who resides in Madison Count}'; .'^amuel Stephen- 
son; Nancy Delila, the wife of Andrew McClintoc; 
Lydia E., Mrs. Calvin Nicholson; John N., of 
Stony Creek Township; and James H., who was 
born June 1, 1845, and died in November follow- 
ing. The father of this family died April 8, 
1881, his death resulting from a cancer. He was 
twice married, and died eighteen months after his 
second union. His first wij'e, our subject's mother, 
bore the maiden name of Nancy Stephenson, and 
became his wife on the 10th of July, 1824. Po- 
litically he was an old Jacksonian Democrat and 
a man of prominence in his community. The deed 
for the land which he entered was signed by Presi- 
dent Jackson, and is now in the possession of our 

In Clermont County, Ohio, the subject of this 
notice was born May 17, 1825, and there he grew 
to manhood. His education was limited to such 
knowledge as could be acquired by attendance at 
Sunday-school several miles from his home, and 
also by his mother's instruction. She was a 
Quakeress and a woman of sweet and amiable dis- 
position, and trained her son, our subject, for a 
position of honor and usefulness in the world. 
He also for a short time attended a subscription 
school, where he gained a rudimentary knowledge 
of the "three R's." When about twenty years of 
age he attended school during the winter season, 
and learned more of arithmetic and "figuring." 
Much of his time was devoted to clearing and im- 
proving the home farm, and he has assisted in 
clearing farms from the time he was seven until 
quite recently. 

In January, 1849, when twenty-four years of 
age, our subject married Miss Henrietta, daughter 
of Rev. William Aldred, a prominent Methodist 
minister, who born in Delaware in 1796, and 
was of English descent. At the age of forty he 



Idcated in Hamilton County, and there spent tlie 
remainder of liis life. lie married Eliza F. Denny, 
of Maryland, wliose fatlier was a slave owiior in 
that state. After coming to Hamilton County lie 
entered a section of land from the Govern men i, 
and there remained until his death about 1870. 
A kind man, well educated, possessing a retentive 
nicmory and jjleasing manneis. he won an extended 
reiaitation as a minister. 

The union of Mv. and Mrs. Anderson has re- 
sulted in 1. 1.' Iiiith of ten chilclrtMi, four of whom 
(lied in infancy, and one died altci- attaining 
mature years, the latter being Martha E., wife of 
Ikiiry Dunham. Those living are: John Fletcher, 
residing in Hamilton County, Ind.; George, who 
also makes his home in Hamilton County; .lames 
J., who lives in Fisherburgh and conducts a farm 
there; Nanc}', the wife of Henry Anderson, a resi- 
dent of Madison County; and Emily I., Mrs. 
Franklin Fasswater, who lives near Fishersburgh. 
The landed possessions of Mr. Anderson aggregate 
three hundred and fifty-seven acres, of which two 
hundred and fifty-seven lie in Hamilton County. 
Politically he is a Democrat, but is not active in 
liolitics. In religious convictions, he and his esti- 
mable wife are idenlilied with the Methodist 

,«^ ANFORD M. KELTNEK, a member of the 
^^^ firm of Chipman, Keltner it Ilendee, at- 
(11/^) torneys at Anderson, was born in West 
' '' Baltimore, Preble County, Ohio, July 10, 
1856. He spent his childhood years prior to the 
age of nine in his native village, where he gained 
the rudiments of his education in a large frame 
building, originally used as a cooper shop, but 
afterward converted into asehoolhouse. In March, 
ISGf), he accompanied his parents to Darke County, 
Ohio, and settled on a farm two miles east of 
Greenville, where his mother died July 22, 18C7, 
leaving him an orphan at the age of eleven. 

After his mother's death, Mr. Keltner was taken 

into the family of James P. Burgess, one of 
nature's noblemen, who resided two miles south 
of Richmond, Wayne Comity. Ind. With liis kiu<l 
()rotector, our subject found a picn-aiit home until 
he was fifteen years old. and then (■••imc West to 
Pierceton, Ind., where he U^nnicd tin- tiade of a 
carpenter with his fatlier. In that place he also 
attended school, and under the wise tuition of his 
|)receptor, Prof, (iross, he gained much benelicial 
knowledge, and, better lliau that, his latent auibi- 
tion was developeil and lie (h'li'ruiiiieil to .•irroni- 
plish something in the world. So r.apidly did lie 
advance in his studies, that at the age of sixteen 
he secured a certificate to teach school, and for a 
time followed that profession at Mt. I'leasaut, 
Kosciusko Count}'. 

It was Mr. Keltner's custom to work at his trade 
in the summer and teach school in the winter. One 
winter, while attending school, he remained absent 
from his classes a short time and went in the woods. 
In spite of the fact of the ground being covered 
with six inches of snow, he labored industriously 
in cutting wood, for which he received seventy- 
five cents per cord. With the money thus earned 
he purchased a suit of clothes and returned to 
school, where he continued his studies uninter- 
rupted. In 1876 he entered the Indiana State 
Normal at Terre Haute, where he remained for 
two years. Upon leaving school, he accepted the 
Principalship of the Walton school, in Cass County, 
Ind., where he remained for three years, meantime 
teaching in the Cass County Normal in the sum- 
mer, also the Fayette County Normal. 

The autumn of 1880 witnessed the arrival of 
Mr. Keltner in Anderson, where he was appointed 
Principal of the Second Ward School at a salary 
of $50 per month. During the two ensuing years 
he was Principal of the First Ward School, re- 
ceiving $75 a month. At the solicitation of Col. 
Milton S. Robinson, he entered the law office of 
Robinson & Lovett as a student. He was soon 
admitted to the Bar, and three years after associ- 
ating himself with the firm he was admitted into 
partnership, the title being Robinson, Lovett & 
Keltner. This connection continued until Col. 
Robinson was appointed Judge by Gov. Hovey 
and assumed his position on the Bench of the 



Appellate Court. Lovett <fe Keltner purchased 
his interest in the business and remained in part- 
nership until May. 22, 1893, when our subject pur- 
chased Mr. Lovelt's interest. 

.Tune 1, 1893, Judge Chiptnan, Sanford M. Kelt- 
ner and E. E. Hendee formed a legal partnership. 
The members of the firm are men of eminent abil- 
ity, thorough knowledge of the law, and versed in 
its deepest intricacies, and the firm is the strong- 
est in this part of the state. Mr. Keltner in ad- 
dition to his responsible legal duties is serving 
his second term as President of the School Board, 
to which position he was unanimously elected. 
He was elected a member of the Board of Trustees' 
by the unanimous vote of the City Council. He 
has materially advanced the educational interests 
of the place, and it was largely through his instru- 
mentalit}' that the present commodious and sub- 
stantial school buildings were erected. Socially, 
he is a Mason, a Knight of Pythias and a member of 
the Order of Red Men. For years he has been ac- 
tively identified with the Republican party and 
was the first President of the Young Men's Re- 
publican Club of Anderson. 

The family residence is located on the corner of 
Thirteenth and School Streets, and is presided over 
by Mrs. Keltner, an accomplished lady, formerly- 
known as Alice May Cockefair." She was born 
near Everton, Fa^'ette County, Ind., and her fa- 
ther, Sylvan us Cockefair, first opened his eyes to 
the light in the house where, many j^ears after- 
ward, she was born. Her grandfather, Elisha 
Cockefair, emigrated from New York to Indiana 
and opened a large woolen factory near Everton, 
accumulating a large fortune as the result of his 
industrious labors. Sylvanus Cockefair resides 
on a farm near Everton, where he and his wife, 
whose maiden name was Mary A. Brookbanlt, are 
tranquilly passing their declining years. Two 
children, Ruth and Mary, have blessed the union 
of Mr. and Mrs. Keltner. Upon the death of Col. 
Robinson, .luly 28, 1892, our subject was m.ade the 
guardian of his only son, under S;'){),000 bonds, 
and he is the only man living who understands 
the details of the extensive business conducted by 
the late Judge. 

This sketch would be im-omplcte in the estima- 

tion of its subject were no mention made of his 
honored father, a retired citizen of Anderson. 
Joseph C. Keltner was born near Dayton, Mont- 
gomery County, Ohio, September 11, 1817. He 
is the son of Henry, a native of Huntingdon 
County, Pa., and the grandson of Michael Kelt- 
ner, a native of Germany, who after emigration 
to the United States engaged in farming in Hunt- 
ingdon County, Pa. In very early days, Henry 
Keltner removed to Montgomery County, Ohio, 
whence he went to the northeastern part of Preble 
County, near Lewisburg, Ohio, and there remained 
until his death. His wife, whose maiden name 
was Catherine Wert, was born in Adams County, 
Pa., of German descent, and died in Kosciusko 
County, Ind. 

The third among twelve children, Joseph C. 
Keltner was reared to manhood in Preble County, 
Ohio, whither he had been taken by his parents at 
the age t>f five years. His education was limited 
to six months' attendance in the common schools, 
and his time in youth was mainly devoted to 
farming. At the age of twenty-two he com- 
menced to work at the trade of a carpenter and 
has followed that occupation ever since. In 1865 
he went to Darke County, Ohio, and two years 
later he removed to Kosciusko County, Ind., 
where he engaged in contracting and building 
at Pierceton. On the 20th of February, 1875, he 
arrived in Anderson, where he was occupied as a 
contractor and builder until his retirement. 

The first marriage of Joseph C. Keltner occurred 
in Darke County, Ohio, his bride being Miss Dia- 
dama Eddington, who was born in Pennsylvania 
and died in Preble County, Ohio. There were 
eight children born of this union, three of whom 
are living, namely: Mary A., Mrs. J. W. Rhein- 
bort, of Preble County, Ohio; Levi P., a contrac- 
tor residing in Anderson; and Samuel C, a den- 
tist, of Muncie, Ind. The second marriage of Mr. 
Keltner took place in Preble County, Ohio, and 
united him with Miss Rachel Paulus, a native of 
Ohio, who died in Darke County, that state. She 
left two sons: Francis M., a dentist residing in 
Muncie; and Sanford M., the subject of this 
sketch. The third marriage of Mr. Keltner to 
Miss Hester A. Mosior. Socially, he is identified 


with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, in 
vviiich he has been quite prominent. In his re- 
ligious belief he accepts the doctrines of tiie C'lnis- 
tian Church and is a consistent mcmher of tlie 
cliurch at Anderson. 


E.SSK L. VERMILLION. One of the sub- 
II stantial and reliable financial institutions 
of Madison County is the Anderson Banking 
Company, of wliich the subject of this sketcii 
is Cashier and one of the stockholders. From 
the inception of the enterprise, in February, 1889, 
until the present time, it has been uniformly suc- 
cessful, and business is now cnnducted with a 
paid-up capital of $125,(Hl(i. Dining the recent 
stringency of the money market, when in eveiy 
city and village banks weie sus|)ending opera- 
tions, this institution retained to the utmost the 
confidence of the depositors, and paid every 
obligation on demand. 

Mr. Vermillion is one of the native-born citizens 
of Madison County, Monroe Township being the 
place of his birth, and August 7, 1864, the date 
thereof. He is one of seven children (three of whom 
are living) born to the union of Uriah C.and Mary 
Vermillion, natives respectively of Madison Coun- 
ty, lud., and Ohio. The maternal grandfather of 
our subject, Samuel Luther Morrow, was a teacher 
by profession, and while engaged in his duties as 
instructor was killed by two of his pupils. 

The paternal grandfather of our subject, Jesse 
^'ermillion, was born in Virginia, whence in early 
life lie removed to Ohio, and from there soon after- 
ward came to Indiana, settling in Madison County 
when it was a wilderness. Purchasing a tract of 
land from the Government, he erected a bark house 
and commenced the labor of clearing and improv- 
ing his property. He reared a large family of 
children, and passed away at the age of eight3'-six. 
A man of positive convictions, he adhered rigidly 
to the principles advocated by the Jacksonian 
Democrats, and was prominent in local affairs. 

la his boyhood Jesse L. Vermillion was a pupil 
in the district school near his home, and at the age 

of seventeen entered the Normal School at Val- 
()araiso, Ind., where he conducted his studies for 
two terms. He then entered Butler Luiversity, 
at irvington. Iiid., and for three years was a 
student in that institution, leaving at the close of 
his sophomore year. Returning iiome, he spent 
two years beneath the parental roof, and then, 
proceeding to Alexandria, this state, he and his 
father founded the Alexandria Bank, the firm name 
being U. C. Vermillion & Co. Of this enter- 
prise, Jesse L. was the active manager and pro- 
moter, and to him its success largely due. 

Mr. Vermillion continued in the banking business 
at Alexandria about three 3ears, when, having an 
excellent opportunity to dispose of the enterprise, 
he sold out. Anderson seeming to offer superior 
advantages for banking, he became one of the pro- 
moters of the AiKleisoii r.aiiking Comijany. with 
the history of which, from its organization until 
the present time, his name is inseparably associated. 
He and his father are both large stockiiolders in 
the concern, and in every way have contributed 
to its success. 

On Twelfth Street stands an elegant residence 
recently erected by Mr. Vermillion, and now 
occupied by himself and family. He was married, 
November 21, 1888, to Miss Carrie Swank, a 
popular and accomplished young lad}- of Ander- 
son. One child, a daughter, (icraldiue, has blessed 
this union. Mr. Vermillion is a Democrat in his 
political affiliations, but entertains no partisan 
preferences, recognizing the good in the op|)osing 
party, though not believing in its polic}'. Sociallj' 
he holds membership in Alexandria Lodge, F. A: 
A. M.; Anderson Chapter; and Anderson Com- 
mauderv, K. T. 

— ^^#fe®i^: 


ANFORD R. MOSS, a representative agri- 
..^ culturist, prosperously handling a fine 
rade of stock upon liis large farm located 
on section 15, Anderson Townshi|), Madi- 
son County, has from his earliest years been identi- 
fied with the history and upward growth of this 



county, where he was born March 12, 1846. He 
is a son of William J. and Elizabetli (Gordon) 
Moss, early settlers of Indiana, widely known and 
highly respected. The father, a native of the 
sunny south and born in Virginia, removed with 
his parents to Ohio wlien quite young. He was 
only in his youth when he made his permanent 
home in Bladison County, the family settling 
among the Indians when the state was but little 
more tiian a wilderness, and wild beasts and game 
were both abundant. AVilliam J. Moss, sharing 
the privations and hardships incidental to frontier 
Hfe, attained to mature age, married, and reared a 
family, who, trained into liabits of industrious 
thrift, grew to be earnest, intelligent, self-reliant 
men and women. The mother, a woman of cour- 
age and ability, aided her children in their up- 
ward progress in life, and was a devoted wife and 
parent. Slie was the descendant of an old and 
honored family whose Scotch ancestors had, genera- 
tion after generation, lived and died in old Scotia. 
Of the merry group of children who once gath- 
ered about the fireside of the parents, four now 
survive, two sons and two daughters. Margaret 
is tlie widow of Robert Wysong, a'jd makes her 
home in Anderson; Sanford R. is our subject; 
Samuel R. lives in Jefferson County, Neb.; Isabella 
is the wife of Frank M. Wertz, of Anderson Town- 
ship. Tlie father passed away April 15, 1869, and 
by his deatli the county lost a public-spirited man 
and a genuine pioneer, who possessed a valuable 
fund of reminiscence of the days of yore. He was 
politically a strong Democrat and an ardent advo- 
cate of the party. Our subject, the eldest surviving 
son, reared a farmer, lias devoted the labor of his 
life to general agriculture and stock-raising. Dur- 
ing his boyhood he assisted his father in the tilling 
of the soil, and learned the practical lessons which 
insured his future success. He gained his prepar- 
atory education in the public schools of his home 
district, and soon began life for himself. As he 
attained to mature age, Mr. Moss became an adept 
in raising and training fine trotting and pacing 
horses, making a specialty of this business in con- 
nection with farming pursuits. He enjoyed the 
benefit of instruction in the excellent Commercial 
College of Iron City, from which well-known in- 

stitution he graduated after a full course of 
studies adapted to business interests. 

Upon August 14, 1876, Sanford R. Moss and 
Miss Martha Thornburgh were united in marriage. 
The estimable wife of our subject, born and reared 
in Madison County, was the daughter of Thomas 
and Margaret Thornburgh, pioneer settlers of the 
county. Tiie father, now deceased, was a success- 
ful and energetic farmer of upright character and 
industry. Mr. Moss owns two hundred and eighty 
acres of valuable land, much of it brought up to 
a high state of cultivation, and finely improved 
with substantial and modern buildings, a resi- 
dence, barns and sheds. Politically a Democrat, 
and interested in local and national issues, our 
subject is not an office seeker, but, a man of liberal 
S))irit and a true American citizen, he is ever ready 
to aid in all matters of mutual welfare, and is 
known as one of the reliable and practical busi- 
ness men of Madison Countv. 


1^ ON. ARTHUR E. HARLAN, Vice-President 
Irijy of the Alexandria National Bank, and ex- 
iJ^y^ State Senator, was born near Wilmington, 
(^ Clinton County, Ohio, December 5, 1853. 
His father, whose name was Alexander B., was 
born October 8, 1817, upon the farm where years 
afterward his son opened his eyes upon the scenes 
of earth. Grandfather David Harlan was born in 
Randolph County, N. C, about 1779, and was a 
first cousin of the father of Chief-Justice Harlan. 
In his youth he learned the trade of a cooper, 
which he followed in early life. Later, he removed 
to Ohio, settling upon the farm in Clinton Coun- 
tj', where his son and grandson were born, and 
where his death occurred. He had several broth- 
ers who were somewhat noted as successful busi- 
ness men in the pioneer days of Ohio. 

Regarding the early history of the Harlan fam- 
ily, we have been able to obtain but little reliable 
information, and it is known that the progenitors 
came from England early in the sixteenth centuiy. 
Tradition says that two brothers emigrated to 



America, one of wliom settled in New England, 
wiiile tlie otliei- drifted to the south. P'rom the 
last-named the immediate progenitors of our sub- 
ject were descended. Aside from these facts, we 
know but little concerning the genealogical his- 
tory. The father of Senator Harlan was an onl_v 
>()n, and was a man of liberal education, of broad 
views and great force of character. While not at 
any time of his life an aspirant for political honors, 
he was something of a political leader, being first 
a ^^'llig and later a Republican. He was a cham- 
pion of tlie poor and oppressed, and an advocate 
of the abolition of slavery, and is said to have 
been one of the Directors of tlie underground 
railroad in the days of slavery. Alexander 15. 
llailan'was united in marriage September 22, 
IMl, to Miss Eleanor Millikan, and September 22, 
1891, was celebrated their golden wedding. 

Through the exercise of excellent judgment in 
his business transactions, Alexander H. Harlan ac- 
cumulated a fortune and was numbered among 
the |)rosperous farmers in Clinton County, Ohio, 
but later lost the greater portion of his property 
by going security for others. In 1870 lie removed 
with his family to Indiana, settling in New Castle, 
where he prospered to some extent, but never re- 
gained his former possessions. At the time of his 
death, September 22, 1892, he was what would be 
termed a poor man, although he left his widow in 
fair circumstances. The mother of Senator Har- 
lan bore the maiden name of Eleanor Millikan, 
and was born in Clinton County, Ohio, .lanuary 
11), 1820. Her father. William Millikan, a 
faiiiier by occupation, and was a native of New 
England, born November 12, 1789. Mrs. Harlan 
is a lady of fair education, and, like her late hus- 
band, possesses great force of character. She is 
now (1893) living at New Castle, at sevenly-four 
years of age. 

Our subject is tlie fifth of a family of four 
brothers and two sisters, the eldest of whom, 
Charles B., has never married and makes his home 
with the Senator. William Eilmore is the Super- 
intendent of a large commission house at Tacoma, 
Wash. The youngest brother, Calvin W., has for 
the jiast ten years been connected with the Big 
Four Railroad, with headquarters at Cincinnati, 

Ohio. There were two sisters in the family, one 
of whom died in infancy, and the other, Malinda, 
married James A. Berry, of New Castle, but now 
a resident of Chicago. 

It is doubtful if any young man ever started 
in life under more adverse circumstances than did 
Senator Harlan. In his boyhood days, his father 
was a rich man, and a life of ease and prosperity 
was before the lad, with a college course in con- 
templation, but when reverses came and the for- 
tune was swept away, all of the bright prospects 
of life were apparently swept away with it. He 
was compelled to aid in the support of the family, 
which he did with a determination to make his 
own mark in life. His education was completed 
in the High School of New Castle, after which he 
engaged in farming. 

At the age of twenty-three years Mr. Harlan 
commenced the study of dentistry in the office of 
Dr. W. F. Shelley, of New Castle, remaining with 
that gentleman for three years. He then passed 
an examination before the State Board of Dentist- 
ry and started out for him.self. In 1879 he came 
to Alexandria with less than $5 in his possession, 
and with a kit of tools, for wiiich he ran in 
debt. However, he went to work with a will, 
and it not long until prosperit}' came to him. 
He invested his money in real estate, and contin- 
ued to practice dentistry until 1888. 

During that year our subject was brougiit to 
the front by the Republicans of his district as a 
candidate for the State Senate, and received the 
nomination. Although in a strongly Democratic 
district, he was elected by a large majority. He 
was pressed to accept it a second time, but posi- 
tively refused. He is popular with all classes, 
who have the utmost confidence in his honesty, 
integrity and abilit3', and his lecord in the .Sen- 
ate is a most creditable one. 

In 1889, Mr. Harlan became connected with the 
Alexandria Bank, and in January, 1893, when it 
was organized ,as a national bank, he was elected 
Vice-President. It is largely due to him that the 
Alexandria National Bank is one of the most solid 
financial institutions in the state. He is careful, 
conservative and far-seeing, and like all the men 
associated with him in the management of the 


bank, guards well the interests of the stockholders 
and depositors, and to his and their credit be it 
said that during the great financial depression and 
stringency of the money market during 1893, 
when banks were failing by the hundreds, not a 
whisper of distrust was spoken about this institu- 
tion. There has been hardly an enterprise in Alex- 
andria since the great boom set in that he has 
not been connected witli. He has laid out several 
additions to the city that have made him a for- 
tune. He is one of the Directors in the Alexan- 
dria Mining and Exploring Company, President 
of the Alexandria Electric Light and Power Cora- 
liany, and has many other interests. He and his 
associates have built many of the large and sub- 
stantial business blocks in the city, and it is largely 
due to him that the place has grown from a little 
village to a large and prosperous city. 

Socially, Mr. Harlan is a prominent Knight 
Templar, being a member of the Blue Lodge, and 
Captain of tiie Chapter. In May, 1882, he married 
Miss Laura E. Sherman, sister of the present May- 
or of Alexandria, John E. Sherman. They have 
three children: Mildred G., who was born Febru- 
ary 14, 1883; Sherman B., born October 19, 1884; 
and Hugh, December 20, 1886. Mr. and Mrs. Har- 
lan, with their children, reside in their beautiful 
home, which is one of the finest in the city, and 
located in Harlan's Third Addition to Alexandria. 
Starling in life a poor man, Mr. Harlan has by his 
own exertions accumulated a fortune. Not only 
this, but he has also made for himself a good 
name, that will live long after his fortune has 
passed into other hands, and it will be with pride 
that those who will follow him will look back 
upon his record. 


jiT-^ ARRISON CANADA V. In enumerating the 
\Y'j" t'lilciprises that have contributed to the 
k,y (li \ (N.pinent and progress of Madison 
(^ ( luinty, prominent mention is invariably 
made of tlie Anderson Dressed Beef Company. 
This flourishing industry was organized in 1891 bj' 
Silas R. Mosser, A. B. Rhoades, James Woods and 

Harrison Canaday, who erected a commodious 
packing house and embarked in business as whole- 
sale meat dealers. They now conduct a large 
and remunerative trade, supjjlying the markets at 
Anderson, Alexandria, Elwood, Plankton and 
neighboring towns. 

In addition to his interest in the Anderson 
Dressed Beef Company, Mr. Canaday is an exten- 
sive stock-dealer, and since 1866 has engaged in 
buying and shipping stock. In former years he 
was accustomed to feed from one hundred to 
one hundred and fifty head of cattle in one win- 
ter, and at the present time (1893) he keeps about 
two hundred head. He makes large shipments of 
cattle and hogs to the eastern markets and is rec- 
ognized as one of the most successful stock-raisers 
of the county. His property inteiests are large 
and valuable, including four hundred and four 
acres in Richland Township, adjoining North An- 
derson; four hundred acres in Lafayette Town- 
ship, near Florida, and an elegant brick residence 
in Anderson. 

In Rush County, Ind., on the 2d of May, 1830, 
the subject of this sketch opened his e3'es to the 
light of day. His ancestry is of Scotch-Irish or- 
igin, and his forefatliers for a number of genera- 
tions resided in South Carolina. His grandfather, 
David Canaday, was born in that state, and there 
engaged in buying and selling horses. In an early 
day he removed to Indiana and followed his cho- 
sen occupation in Rush County, removing thence 
to Boone County, where he engaged in farming 
pursuits until his death. He was a Colonel in the 
state militia. The father of our subject, Caleb 
Canaday, was a native of South Carolina, but was 
reared to manhood in Union County, Ind. After 
his marriage he removed to Rush County, whence 
he came to Madison County and settled between 
Fraiikton and P^lwood in 1836. He engaged in 
farming and stock-raising, and through his ener- 
getic efforts accumulated four hundred acres of 
fertile land. His death occurred in 1856, when 
he was about fifty-six years of age. He was a 
prominent Democrat of his community and one 
of the leading agriculturists of the county. 

The mother of our subject bore the maiden 
name of Martha Dwiggins and was born in South 



Carolina. Her father, John Dwigglns, likewise a 
native of that state, removed to Union Count}-, 
Ind., at .in oaily day. As early as 1834 he came 
to Madison County and settled near the village of 
Franiiton, where lie engaged in farming. He was 
an industrious man, a progressive pioneer and kind 
husband and father, and as an early settler of this 
county his name is iield in grateful remembrance. 
He was of Scotch-Irish ancestry. His dauglitcr, 
our subject's mother, died on tiie old homestead 
December 22, 1888, at the age of .seventy-eight. 
She was a kind and loving motlicr, and a devoted 
member of the Christian Church. 

In the parental family Iheic were eleven chil- 
dren, of whom ten grew to maturity and nine are 
now living. Harrison, the second in respect to 
age, spent his childiiood years in Rush County 
prior to the age of nine, when he came to Madison 
County, the removal being made with wagons and 
teams. For a time he remained with his Grand- 
father Dwiggins, his father meanwhile erecting a 
log cabin, 18x20 feet in dimensions. The family 
was soon' domiciled in this primitive structure, 
which contained a large fireplace made of mud and 
sticks , with cloth for doors and a hole in the 
wall answering the purpose of a window. The bed- 
stead constructed of poles resting on sticks; 
the tloor was first of dirt, and .afterward of pun- 

While the father was occupied in clearing the 
land, the mother was accustomed to spin and 
weave, making all the garments worn by the fam- 
ily. Though a mere boy at the time, our subject 
was ol)liged to labor from dawn of day until its 
close, and aided his father in grubbing, burning 
trees, etc. After the land was cleared, it was 
ploughed with a wooden mold-board plow and an 
ox-team. As might be imagined, the educational 
advantages enjoyed by this fanner bov were ex- 
ceedingly limited, c<msisting of a few months' at- 
tendance at the log sciioolhouse near his father's 
home. Much of his time was devoted to hunting, 

tiuis of his unerring shot. Indian.s also were (piile 
numerous, but, being friendly to the settlers, the 
lixes of the pioneers were comparatively .safe. 
In Wayne County, Ind., in 1851, occurred tlie 

m.arriage of Harrison Canaday to Miss Elizabeth 
Howard, a native of that county. After his mar- 
riage, he located near Milton, Washington Town- 
ship, Wayne County, where he cleared and im- 
inovcd one hundred and fifty-two acres. In 1863 
he disposed of his i)roperty and located in Rich- 
l.and Township, Jladison County, two and one- 
half miles north of Anderson, on the Alexandria 
pike. His first purchase consisted of one hundred 
an<l seventy-five .acres, to which he has added from 
time to time as opportunity afforded. He engaged 
exclusively in farming until 1866, when he em- 
barked in buying and shipping stock — a business 
in which he has achieved success. Since 1890 he 
has conducted his work in partnership with his 
son, .1. R. 

During the year 1882 .Mr. Canaday located in 
Anderson, where he has a beautiful resideneo sur- 
rounded by a well-kept lawn. In l8iS,S he pur- 
chased a livery and sales stable, 72x144 feet in 
dimensions, from the rental of which he luas since 
derived a good income. He was engaged in the 
grain business in Anderson for two years in part- 
nership with Richani \i. 4'lioniliurg, later with E. 
G. Vernon. In former years he was accustomed 
to deal extensively in sheep, and at one time, in 
connection with Mr. Lewis, purchased three thou- 
sand sheep in Texas, wliicli he afterward sold at a 
handsome profit. In addition to cattle and sheep, 
he has raised hogs, selling them in the eastern mar- 
kets. In 1890 he aided in the organization of the 
Anderson Banking Company, of which he is now a 

The second marri.age of .Mr. Canaday occinred 
in Anderson, in September, 1867, uniting him with 
Miss Victoria Ten Eyck, who born in Milton, 
Wayne County, and is the daughter of John and 
Louisa Ten Eyck, both of whom are deceased. Of 
the first union of Mr. Canaday there are two liv- 
ing children: J. R., our subject's partner, who 
lives on the farm in Richland Township; and OUie 
B., the wife of R. L. (Juick, Assistant Cashier of 
the Anderson Banking Company. 

Ill his religious connections, Mr. Canaday is a 
consistent member of the Christian Church, which 
he is now serving as Trustee. Politicall^y, he aftili- 
atcs with the Democrats, and has been prominent 


in local polities, having served as a member of the 
County Central Committee and as a delegate to 
the county and state conventions. For three 
years or more he has been a member of the board 
having in charge the city water works, and he has 
also given his support and assistance to other 
measures having for their object the promotion of 
tlie best interests of Anderson. He has witnessed 
the growth of this place frcra a struggling hamlet 
in the midst of dense hazel buslies, to a city sec- 
ond to none in tliis section of the state, and his 
influence contributed not a little in securing 
these results. 

lU zens' ( 

/IL^ of cii 

<^f^DMUND JOHNSON, Secretary of the Citi- 
(^as Company and Clerk of the Board 
City Water Works, was born in Pipe 
Creek Townsliip, Madison County, September 18, 
1847, being one in a family of eight children. His 
fatlier was born in North Carolina, in October, 
1812, and was a lad of twelve years when he ac- 
companied the other members of the family to In- 
diana and settled in Henry County, where he 
made his home for fifteen years. The grandfather 
of our subject, Thomas Johnson, also a native of 
North Carolina, migrated to this state in 1824. lo- 
cating in Henry County and becoming one of tlie 
earliest settlers of that section, where he resided 
until his death. 

Edmund Johnson, father of our subject, came 
to Madison County in 1839, and, embarking in 
agricultural pursuits, continued thus occupied un- 
til his death in 1877. His wife bore the maiden 
name of Isabel Chestnut, and was a native of Dela- 
ware, wlience she accompanied her parents to In- 
diana, settling in Henry County. Edmund John- 
son, Jr., passed his boyhood years in Pipe Creek 
Township and engaged in farming pursuits until 
shortly after the outbreak of the Civil War. He 
then enlisted in the defense of the Union, becom- 
ing a member of the One Hundred and Forty-sev- 
enth Indiana Infantry, Comi)any D. 

Returning to his home at the close of the war, 

Mr. Johnson for a short time followed the profes- 
sion of a teacher. Later he was for len years in 
the employ of the firm of C. Quick & Co., at 
Frankton, Ind. Locating in Anderson in Janu- 
ary, 1879, he accepted the position of general 
book-keeper in the Madison County National 
Bank, where he remained for seven years, or until 
1886. He retired from the position on account of 
the consolidation of the National and Citizens' 
Banks, and about the same time was elected City 
Clerk, holding that office for two years, 1886-88. 
In 1889 Mr. Johnson accepted the position of 
Secretary of the Anderson Loan Association, re- 
maining for three 3'ears in that position. Since 
that time he has been Secretary of the Citizens' 
Gas Company and Clerk of the Board of City Wa- 
ter Works. To the discliarge of his duties he has 
given his time and attention, working with a zeal 
and fidelity which will undoubtedly bring to both 
of these enterprises the highest material success. 
An active, earnest and conscientious man, he is cor- 
rect and faithful in the discharge of every duty, 
and his sterling qualities of head and heart have 
won for him the confidence of the people. 

While devoting his attention to his official du- 
ties, Mr. Johnson has not been unmindful of his 
religious privileges, and for many years has been 
identified with the Christian Church, being at the 
present tune an officer in that denomination. He 
is an influential member of the Grand Army of 
the Republic, and has occupied all the positions 
connected with the local post. Socially, he is ac- 
tively connected with Mt. Moriah Lodge No. 17; 
Anderson Chapter No. 52, F. & A. M., and is also 
a member of the Royal Arcanum. In politics a 
Republican, he has alwaj-s been deeply interested 
in the welfare of the party, and is recognized as 
one of the most capable men in his political organ- 
ization. The fact that he was the first City Clerk 
which his party succeeded in electing for a period 
of twenty years speaks well for his popularity, 
and indicates the high esteem in which he is held. 
The marriage of Mr. Johnson occurred Novem- 
ber 2, 1867, at which time he was united with Miss 
Sarah A. Hancock, of Marshall County, this slate. 
Mrs. Johnson is the daughter of Philii)and Maliala 
Hancock, natives of Indiana, who are now de- 


ceased. The family of Mi. and Mrs. .Inl 
eludes the followin<,'-iiaine(l cliildreii : .liii 
loff K., Bureliard M. and Lucile. all n( < 
side with their parents. 

PANIEL W. BLACK. The marvelous growth 
of the cities and villages of Madison Coun- 
ty since the discovery of natural gas is 
nowhere better illustrated than by the records 
of real-estate transfers in the office of the County 
Recorder. Before the advent of natural gas there 
was hardly a living for a man in that position, but 
now it is the most profitable office in thecounty, ow- 
ing to the great increase in the number of docu- 
ments filed for record. The fortunate man who has 
held this otHce during four years of the greatest 
prosperity is Daniel W. Black. 

Born on the 18th of .January, 1818, in Monroe 
Township, Madison County, our subject is the son 
of Daniel Black, a native of Davie County, N. 
C, whose father was Frederick Black, also of North 
Carolina. Daniel Bhick was an early settler in 
Madison County, where he improved a farm. 
Removing to Wmterset, Madison County, Iowa, 
he died two years later, at the age of seventy-two. 
Our subject's mother, Eunice James, was born 
in Davie County, N. C. She was the daughter of 
James James, a pioneer farmer of Madison County, 
who died at the age of ninety-six years. She 
died in INIadison County at the age of seven t^'-two 
years. She was the mother of nine children, eight 
of whom reached }'ears of maturity', and tiiree are 
now living: Elmer E., Postmaster at Summitvillc; 
Mrs. Martha Stevens, of Alexandria; and Daniel 
AV., the latter being the youngest. 

The subject of this sketch was reared in Monroe 
Township, where his youth was spent in assisting 
on the farm and attending the district schools. 
At the age of nineteen he engaged in school 
teaching, and subsequently' bought a farm west 
of Alexandria. In the year 1875 the Lake Erie 
4 Western Railroad was built near this place, and 
the village of Orestes was platted; since that time, 
Mr. Black has sold part of his farm, which was 
platted as West Alexandria. He built a house 

and embarked in merchandising, and continued in 
this business until he was elected County Kicorder 
on the Democratic ticket in 1889. During that 
period, he ofliciated as Postmaster under President 
Cleveland, and aLso served as Township Assessor. 
In 1889, as above stated, he was elected Recorder 
of Madison County, and took possession of the 
office in November, 1890. Marion, of which 
Indianapolis is the county seat, is the only county 
in this state where the number of documents filed 
for record exceeds those of Madison. All of the 
following cities and towns are growing iM|iidly 
and the .sales of real estate in each are large: An- 
derson, Elwood, Alexandria, Summitville, Frank- 
ton, Pendleton, Ingalls, Orestes, fiilman, Markle- 
ville, Chesterfield, Fishcrsburgh. Lapel. Columbus, 
Dundee and Florida. 

Politically, Mr. Black is a Democrat, and has fre- 
quently served as delegate to conventions. When 
twent3--two years of age, he united with the Chris- 
tian Church, and has held membership with that 
denomination ever since. In October, 1869, he mar- 
ried Miss Mary E. Moyer, who was born in Cler- 
mont County, Ohio, being the daughter of John 
Moyer, a farmer of Monroe Township. They have 
seven children: Effie L., who was educated in the 
State Normal School at Terre Haute, and is now a 
clerk in the Recorder's office; Elmer E., Deputy 
Recorder; John W,, a clerk in the otHce; Jeffrey ()., 
Laura, Lillie and Zola. Mr. Black and his family 
occupy a commodious residence on West Ninth 
Street. For many years he has been regarded as 
one of the most influential Democrats in this 
county, besides being an energetic and public- 
spirited citizen, and he is numbered among the 
most progressive men of the county. 

ARMFIELD, the popular and en- 
City Clerk of Elwood, had at- 
tained his majority only a short time before 
he was elected Clerk of the town of Elwood for 
one year, and was elected City Clerk when the town 
was organized into a city government in 189 L 
Born in Elwood, February 3, 1868, his interests 
have ever centered in his present home locality, 



where, growing up from childhood to mature 
years, he is surrounded by the acquaintances of a 
lifetime, who fully appreciate his business ability 
and sterling traits of character, and predict for 
him a brilliant future. Orla A. Armfield is the 
eldest of the three children who with their cheer- 
ful presence blessed the home of the parents. Dr. 
J. D. and Ruth (Harmon) Armfield. The two 
brothers of our suliject are William T., of Marion, 
Ind., and Edward, who died in infancy. The 
father was a native of the sunny south and, born 
in Nortii. Carolina, March 25, 1829, was the eldest 
of the six children of William and Elizabeth 
(Petty) Armfield, natives of North Carolina and 
descendants of upright ancestors, who made 
their home in this county in very early days. In 
1851 the paternal grandparents removed from the 
south to the state of Indiana and settled in 
Henry County, where they continued to reside 
until 1859, then removing to Pipe Creek Town- 
ship, the grandfather spending the remainder of 
his life upon a farm, where he passed away at the 
age of sixty-four. 

Dr. Armfield, the father, was educated princi- 
pally in Madison County. He attended Pendle- 
ton Academy, and later taught school for several 
years, at the same time studying medicine. He 
afterward spent three years reading medicine with 
Dr. N. H. Canaday, and at the expiration of that 
period attended the medical department of the 
University of Michigan. August 6, 1865, he estab- 
lished himself at New Lancaster, Tipton County, 
in the pr.actice of his profession. In 1867 Dr. 
Armfield removed to Elwood, where he has since 
continuously remained, engaged in a round of 
duty, and is the oldest and longest established 
physician now in Elwood. A public-spirited 
citizen, ever ready to lend a helping hand in all 
matters of mutual good, he has been an eye-wit- 
ness of the wonderful growth of the village, which 
from a population of two hundred has increased 
in numbers until now it is one of the most pros- 
perous cities in the state. Occupying with honor 
various official positions of trust, Dr. Armfield has 
with able fidelity served as Town Trustee, and, a 
friend to educational advancement, has as a mem- 
ber of the School Board, and as a School Trustee 

for many terms, materially promoted a higher 
grade of scholarship and instruction in the public 
schools and given an impetus to the upward prog- 
ress of the various vital interests of youth. 

Orla A. Armfield attended the excellent schools 
of Elwood in early boyhood and completed his 
studies, graduating from the High School of 
Elwood in 1886. Mr. Armfield learned the busi- 
ness of druggist in his birthplace and continued 
in this emplo\'mcnt for some length of time. Later 
emigrating to the farther west, our subject re- 
sided in Plattscnouth, Neb., for three years, and 
there engaged in the drug business, being a 
registered pharmaceutist. Returning to Elwood, 
and having read law for several years, he was, 
in the j'ear 1891, admitted to practice at the 
Bar of Madison County. The term of office of 
the City Clerk, now extended to four years, 
insures the continued faithful service of our 
subject for some time to come. Politically a 
stalwart Republican, from his majority identified 
with the interests of the partj-, Mr. Armfield has 
ever been an earnest advocate of reform and prog- 
ress and fraternall3' is an active member of 
Quincy Lodge No. 200, 1. O. O. F. Having already 
made an enviable record as a business man and 
public oflicial, our subject has a future before him 
rich in promise of financial success and useful citi- 

^J^ NDERSON C. SCOTT, the furniture dealer 
^ v/ v ^"*^ undertaker of Sheridan, and ex- 
//' 14 County Treasurer of Hamilton County, 
^ was born near Noblesville, in Delaware 

Township, this county, July 30, 1835. His father, 
John L. Scott, was born in Highland Count}-, Ohio, 
January 1, 1812, and his father, Lemuel Scott, was 
a native of Virginia. Back of this but little is 
known of the early history of the family. 

At the age of sixteen j^ears, in 1828, the father 
of our subject went to live with an uncle, Dicki- 
son Hurst, in Wayne County, Ind., remained for 
five years, until he reached his majority, and in 
1833 married Mary McGrew, a daughter of Will- 



iam Mcdi't'vv, a iiativi' of Wayne Coiinty. AVitli 
his wife and team lie soon after removed, first to 
Hamilton County, where he unloaded all liis 
earthl\' effects beside a log in Delaware Township, 
but shortly took up his permanent residence in 
Noblesville Township, where he lived and pros- 
pered many years. He was first a Whig and later a 
Republican in polities, and diet! in 1864, an exem- 
plary member of the Christian Church. His wife 
survived him for more than twenty years, living 
comfortably upon the income from his estate until 
1885. She was a devout member of the Christian 
C'liurch and a lad\' of many excellent and superior 

Our sul)ject was the eldest of a family of nine 
children, having five brothers and three sisters. 
Oscar died when but three years old. William was 
a soldier, in the Fifty-se«)nd Indiana Infantry, and 
served from the beginning to the close of the war. 
He wasinjured iu a stampede du ling bis service, but 
survived his injuries and became a farmer. He held 
the position of Postmaster for four years under 
President Harrison. Charles N. served three years 
in the Civil War, in Company F, Sixty-third Indi- 
ana Infantry, and came home a Second Lieutenant 
of that regiment. He is now a retired fanner, 
well to do, living in NoblesviUe. Maliza married 
James S. Presmall, who was a soldier in Company 
F, Sixty-third Indiana Infantrj'; he served three 
years as Orderly-Sergeant of his company, and af- 
ter the war settled in Des Moines, Iowa, where for 
three terms he filled the position of Sheriff. He is 
n(^w a wealthy real-estate dealer there. Malinda 
married W. S. Newby, who was also a soldier m the 
Civil War, and is now a farmer in Clay Township. 
Lucy married James Davenport, who served in 
the Civil War, and wasa brother of Dr. Davenport, 
of Sheridan. After his death she was twice mar- 
ried, the last time to Abram Clevenger, a well-to- 
do farmer living in Indiana. Albert died when at 
the age of about fourteen. George W. was Trustee 
of Clay Township for two terms, a man of fine ed- 
ucation and many years a teacher in the public 

Anderson C. Scott, the subject of this sketch, spent 
his youth upon the farm, helping with the clearing 
and other labor, and walking two miles to secure 

such education as the primitive school of the pi- 
oneer settlement afforded. At the age of eighteen 
he learned and began to follow the trade of a car- 
penter, and continued to work at this calling until 
1860, when he married Melissa A. Pearce, who was 
born in North Carolina, and came with herfatlier to 
Hamilton County when .she was a mere child. After 
his marriage, he returned with his wife to the old 
homestead and was working his father's farm when 
the Civil War broke out. At President Lincoln's 
first call for troops he enlisted to go out with the 
Twelfth Indiana Infantry, but, finding it full, he 
with others who had been rejected enrolled them- 
selves as privates in the Sixty-third Indiana In- 
fantry, on the 7tli of August, 1862. He did 
scout and guard duty in Indiana. Kentucky, 1 lli- 
nois and Tennessee, and as Sergeant often had 
charge of his battalion. While on duty at Indian- 
apolis his second child was born, and he was no- 
tified that his wife was lying at the point of death. 
His commanding olflcer refused him leave of ab- 
sence and he carried his case to Governor Morton. 
He, in the greatness of his heart, said: "1 haxe no 
power over the government troops, but if you lau 
get outside the lines, go and see your dying wife 
and I will see that no harm comes to you." In 
this way he was enabled to see his wife before she 
died, and not even a reprimand was received from 
the army officers. Governor Morton having been 
as good as his word. Two years of hard service 
almost destroyed his health, and he was lionoralilv 
discharged for disability. 

As soon as his strength was partially restored he 
again took up his trade as a carpenter and followed 
it for some years. In 1867 he married Alvira 
Talbert, daughter of Elijah Talbert, one of the pi- 
oneers of Hamilton County. Two of her brothers, 
William and Nathan, were soldiers in the Civil 
War. He followed farming for a time, was .asses- 
sor of his township, and later assessor of Hamil- 
ton County for two years. In 187!) he eng.aged 
in the pump business in Sheridan; in 1884 he 
nominated and elected County Treasurer, residing- 
during his term of otlice at NoblesviUe. He filled 
this office with great credit to himself and to the 
entire satisfaction of his constituents. After his 
term as Treasurer expired, he returned to Sheri- 



dan, engaging for a time in the lumber business, 
and later settling upon the business which he now 
follows — furniture and undertaking. William A., 
one of ills two children by his first wife, is in 
Sheridan in the planing mill belonging to G. H. 
Palmer, of Sheridan; the other, Charles E., is ed- 
itor of the Patriot, a weekly paper of Westfield. 
lie has eight children by liis present wife. Edgar 
McGrew is a printer at Muucie; Mary is the 
wife of Arthur Baker, a farmer in Adams Town- 
ship; Ella is at home; George is with his brother 
in the printing business at Muncie; Mattie D., 
Melinda, Walter and Laura are all at home. Mr. 
Scott is a prominent Grand Army man and a mem- 
ber of the Knights of Honor. His wife is identified 
with tlie Woman's Relief Corps and the Knights 
and Ladies of Honor, and they are both members of 
the Christian Church. They have a pleasant and 
happy home of twelve acres near Sheridan. 


eOL. MILTON S. ROBINSON. A biograph- 
ical history of the prominent men of Mad- 
ison County would be incomplete, not to 
say altogether unsatisfactory to the citizens of 
this count}', without a sketch of the career of the 
late Judge Robinson, Chief .lustice of the Appell- 
ate Court of Indiana, who for forty 3'ears prior to 
his death was perhaps the most conspicuous figure 
in Madison County, not only as the leading prac- 
titioner at the Bar, and as the gallant leader upon 
the battlefield, and as the eminent jurist, but as a 

Milton Stapp Robinson was born at the little 
town of Versailles, Ind., on the 20th of April, 
1832. He was the son of Col. .Joseph R. Robinson, 
who in his day was widely known for his sterling 
integrity, and celebrated for his eloquence as a 
speaker, and who was a member of the convention 
that formed Indiana's present constitution. 

Judge Robinson received a common-school edu- 
cation, and under the judicious instruction of his 
father prepared iiimself for the practice of his pro- 
fession, which he liegau l)efore he reached his ma- 

jority. He was regularly licensed to practice law 
under the old constitution of the state before he 
attained his twenty-first .year, and was soon 
afterwai-d admitted to practice in the Supreme 
Court of the state and United States Circuit and 
District Courts. 

On November 15, 1851, he came to Anderson 
a beardless boy and began the career of distinction 
and usefulness which was brought to a close onl^' 
by the hand of Death. By his energy, his clear 
intelligence, and force of ability in the discharge 
of his professional duties, he soon obtained a large 
and lucrative practice, which was coutinued until 
the breaking out of the great Rebellion, when he 
entered the array as Lieutenant-Colonel of the 
Forty-seventh Infantry', after having twice de- 
clined a colonel's commission tendered him by 
his life-long friend, the late Oliver P. Morton, 
Indiana's war Governor. He was prominently 
identified witli the fortunes of his regiment un- 
til lie was promoted by Governor Morton to the 
Colonelcy of the Seventy-fifth Indiana Infantry, 
with which regiment he remained until the close 
of the war, and part of tiie time commanding with 
signal abilit}' the brigade to which his regiment 
was attached, though he was but twenty-seven 
years of age when he received his commission as 
Colonel of the Seventy-fifth Indiana. He partici- 
pated in the great battles in Tennessee, Kentucky 
and Georgia, prominent among which were Chick- 
amauga and Missionary Ridge. In March, 1865, 
he was brevetted Brigadier-General for meritorious 
service, and at various times during his service he 
received especial mention in the official reports of 
Generals Thomas, Palmer, Reynolds, and others, 
for gallant and honorable service. 

In 1856 he became an active and prominent 
Republican, serving as a Presidential Elector for 
the Eleventh Congressional District in the conven- 
tion that nominated General Fremont as the first 
Republican candidate for the Presidency. In 1866 
he was nominated by the Republican party as 
Senator from the district composed of Madison 
and Grant Counties, being elected bj^ a hand- 
some majority, and during the sessions of the Leg- 
islature was regarded as one of the leaders of his 
party in tiie Senate. It was Judge Robinson who 



first brought the name of the late Senator Pratt 
before the eaiieus of Republican Senators for the 
I'nited States Senate. 

In August, 1874, he was again called into public 
life by his fellow-citizens, and received the nomi- 
nation of tiie Reiniblican party for Representative 
of the Sixth Congressional District for the Forty- 
fourth Congress. lie was triuinplinntly elected, 
and served witli such distiin'tion .•lud al)ility that 
lie was re-nominated by acclamation and re-elected 
in 1876, and during the four years that he served 
111 Congress he was always found at his post of 
duly, and (•slMlili>lied a reputation as a conscien- 
tious, careful and intelligent legislator. 

In March, 1891, he was appointed by the late 
Alvin P. Hovey, Governor of Indiana, as one of 
the .ludges of the Appellate Court, which was cre- 
ated by the preceding Legislature, and served as 
Chief Justice of the Court up to the date of his 
death, which occurred at liis home in Anderson 
on the 2sth of .Tuly, 1892. He received the 
nomination for the office of Appellate Judge by 
the Republican State Convention, which was held 
at Ft. Wayne in June, 1892, but a few weeks 
pri(n- to his death. 

On the 1st of January, 1873, he formed a 
law partnership with the Hon. John W. Lovctt. 
The firm of Robinson & Lovett continued as one 
of the strongest firms in northern Indiana until 
the year 1888, when Sanford M. Keltner became 
the junior member of the firm, and from that time 
the firm was known as Robinson, Lovett A Kelt- 
ner, and continued until March, 1891, when 
"Colonel" Robinson, as he was familiarly known to 
his friends in Madison County, wa~ :ippoiiit<il one 
of the Judges of the Appellate Couil of Indiana. 

Colonel Robinson was twice married, (hi the 
8th of July, 18.56, he was united in marriage with 
Alnnra F. Ballard, who died shortly after his return 
from the war. On the 27th of .luiic, 18(;G, he 
was married to Louisa A. P.iaiiliani, who died in 
December, 1890. 

Judge Robinson in the course of his active and 
useful career earned an enviable reputation as a 
safe counselor and careful and painstaking lawyer, 
and a bold and fearless advocate. In politics he 
continued a IJcpublican from the formation of his 




y the 


d as a 


\s and 


party to the time of Ids death, and so 
himself in his honest conxidioiis ;is 
respect of his political .-idvcrsMrics. 

In society he was known and ap 
gentleman of liberal views, gencidus 
social qualities of a high or<h']-, :\ui] 
called into question his high character, sincerity 
and honesty of purpose and his great licnevolencc. 

As a Judge, he was impartial, patient and able 
and the opinions prepared by him are cIcmi-, for- 
cible and logical. From his early iii.'inliood to tlic 
day of his death, lie was a consistent member of 
the Presbyterian Cliuich. contributing liberally of 
his means to its support, and at all times uphold- 
ing its interests. 

As a soldier, .Judge UoliiiisonV career is written 
in the annals of his country. I'.rave, iiatriotic and 
devoted, he discharged in the fullest measure his 
every duty as a loyal citizen. 

As a lawyer, he grappled almost by intuition 
the salient points of his case, and was never taken 
by surprise. No lawyer ever identified himself 
more sincereh' and earnestly with his clients' 
interests, and his loyalty to his clients never 
questioned b}^ any man. 

As a Judge, he was clear, logical and straight- 
forward, and his decisions are able and well di- 

As a citizen, he was clean, upright and consist- 
ent, always identifying himself with any |jrogiess- 
ive movement for the furllicrancc of the commu- 
nity's interest. 

Judge Robinson was generous to a fault, giving 
to all charitable and benevolent enteri)rises freely 
and gladly. In dispensing charity lu; without 
ostentation, and his hand was ever ready to assist 
and his purse open to this end. One of the prin- 
cipal objects of his charity and love was the needy 
soldier of the late war. Almost daily some old 
veteran, bending beneath the weiglit of years and 
infirmities, found his w.ay to Judge Robinson's 
office, and always left with some provision made 
for his necessities and creature comforts. 

A marked characteristic in the career of .Judge 
Robinson was his interest and kindness to the 
young men just commencing the practice of the 
law. He was ever ready to give them advice and 



aid them in any way that he could, and when des- 
pondent they might renew their courage by asso- 
cialif>n and conversation with bim. His library 
was ever at their disposal, and he was glad to see 
them gain a foothold and become honorable and 
useful members in his chosen profession. 

Colonel Robinson left but one child, a bright 
little boy, Milton Chester, who was but ten years 
old at the time of his father's death, but he will 
be blessed with a comfortable fortune. He has in- 
herited largely his father's clear and analytical 
mind and his indomitable pluci<. 

The death of Colonel Robinson removed from 
Madison County one of her most honored and 
beloved citizens, and his memory will ever remain 
a rich heirloom in the history of Madison County. 

EWIS S. KERCIIEVAL, one of the wealth- 
(^1 icst farmers in Adams Township, and for- 
merly Commissioner of Hamilton County, 
was born in Butler County, Ohio, August 5, 1842. 
The first record of the family in this country 
shows tliat two brothers, who were of Scottish an- 
cestry, came to this country on a British man-of- 
war, and when they landed on American soil the\' 
deserted and concealed themselves in Virginia. 
Thus was founded the now numerous Kercheval 
family in the United States. 

The grandfather of our subject, Reuben Ker- 
cheval, who was born in Kentucky, early removed 
to Ohio, and became a pioneer of the then almost 
unbroken wilderness. A man of broad and liberal 
views, he was bitterly opposed to slavery. One 
of his brotiiers, Samuel by name, was a large slave 
holder and merchant at Pulaski, Tenn., and when 
Robert O., our subject's father, was nineteen years 
old he entered the employ of his uncle as clerk, 
as did ins brother .lames, his principal business 
being to mark and bill cotton to be shipped south. 
With iiim he remained for six years, and while 
tiicre his father made him and his brother a visit. 
In conversing with liis brother Samuel regarding 

slavery, he voiced his opinions in no mild terms 
and reproved him for engaging in the buying and 
selling of human beings. Noticing that Reuben 
admired a bright little negro boy some two years of 
age, Samuel said: " I will free that boy if you will 
take him home with you and take care of him." This 
he did, and the child remained with him until the 
death of his benefactor, after whicli he lived with 
James Kercheval, our subject's uncle. 

After spending sis years in Tennessee, Robert 
G. Kercheval returned to Ohio, where he married 
Miss Angeline, daugiiter of .John Schooley. The 
grandfather of Mrs. Kercheval was born in New 
.Jersey, of English ancestry, and was an officer in 
the Revolutionary War. It is said that tliere is a 
large estate in England belonging to the Schooley 
family, but they have never been able to get the 
connecting links necessary to secure the property. 
John Schooley was born in what is now Spring- 
dale, Ohio, August 12, 1792, and was an early 
settler of the Bucljeye State. 

Some time after the marriage of Robert G. 
Kercheval, he made his way to the western fron- 
tier and settled in Missouri, but after seven years 
of hardships there he returned to Ohio, in 1849. 
Two years later he brought his family to Union 
County, Ind., where he resided until the winter 
of 18.57-58, removing thence to Hamilton County 
and settling on a farm in Adams Township, ad- 
joining the present home of our subject. Upon 
that place the father prospered in farming pur- 
suits, in which he was engaged until his death, 
August 22, 1881. He left a fortune of $23,000 
to be divided among his children. During his 
residence in Union County he served as Post- 
master; he was also a Notary Public in Hamilton 
County for twenty-one years, and during that en- 
tire period he never charged a soldier a penny for 
making out a paper, and often paid the postage 
himself. While not an Abolitionist, he was a 
strong Union man, a friend to the negro and all 
poor ^nd distressed. July 24, 1876, some five 
years prior to his demise, his wife passed awaj'. 

The senior Reuben Kercheval had several 
brothers, of whom we note the following: Samuel 
has been mentioned above .as a wealthy slave- 
holder at Pulaski, Tenn.; William removed to 



Indiana and settled on the Wabash River, north 
of Vineennes; John went to the Platte settlement 
in Missoiiii, .■mil lioth brothers, so far as we know, 
[)rospered in worldly matters and accumulated 
wealth. A son of John, Frank by name, was a 
steamboat captain, and became very wealthy, but 
lost his fortune. Subsequentl3- ''^ engaged as a 
wheat speculator on a large scale, and his wealth 
IS now estimated at a half-million. 

The family of which our subject is a member 
consists of eight sons and two daughters, he being 
the eldest. .John E. is a prosperous farmer in 
Adams Township. Reuben P., an attorney by 
profession, enlisted in the Eighteenth Indiana 
Infantry when only fifteen years of age, and 
later joined the First Indiana Cavalry. He was 
twice wounded and later was taken prisoner, spend- 
ing five months or more in a rebel prison. After 
the war he embarked in the legal profession at 
Tipton, Ind., and in 1882 removed to Coffeyville, 
Kan., where he became a prominent politician and 
a popular '•slump" speaker. In 1889 he was the 
Dcmociatic lumiiiiee for Congress, but was de- 
feated. Saiiuiel, the next in the order of birth, is a 
resident of Sheridan. Mary J. married Lewis 
Small, and died leaving three children. James W. 
follows agricultural pursuits in Adams Township. 
Uoliert G., Jr., lives in Sheridan. Sarah F. married 
Thomas Malott, a boot and shoe merchant at Sheri- 
dan. Francis McKinzie, the youngest, is engaged 
in the lumber business at Walla Walla, Wash. In 
his youth our subject had few educational advan- 
tages, and was obliged to walk two or three miles 
in order to secure such schooling as he did obtain. 

Nineteen years old when the war broke out, our 
subject enlisted, October 18, 1861, as a member of 
Company II, Fifty-seventh Indiana Infantry', and 
was Color-Sergeant of his regiment. Twice he 
was tendered promotions, but in both cases re- 
fused the honor. His first baptism of fire was at 
Shiloh. He also proudl}' carried the colors at 
Stone River, when he resigned as color-bearer, but 
continued as Sergeant at Mission Ridge, Tallahoma, 
Knoxville, Resaca, Big Shanty, Kenesaw Moun- 
tain, Dallas, New Hope Church, Peach Tree 
Creek, Lovejoy Station, Jonesboro and Franklin. 
The battle last named occurred twelve davs after 

his term of enlistment had expired, but he volun- 
tarily took part in the engagement. Among the 
six sergeants who went into that fight, all were 
killed but him. He was wounded twice, the most 
severe wound being in the right thigh. He also 
received a slight wound in the shoulder. Aside 
from this, his clothes were riddled by seven bullets. 
His wounds were received while rescuing the 
colors, that were about to be wrested from 
the color-bearer, he at that time not being bearer 
of the flag, but carrying a Henry rifle. He lav on 
the battlefield until he was removed in an ambu- 
lance to N.ashviile. 

For some time Mr. Kercheval was conlined in 
the hospital's at Nashville, jNIadison and Indian- 
apolis, and his injuries were so serious as to en- 
danger his life. A less patriotic man than he 
would not have gone into the thickest of a des- 
perate encounter when his period of enlistment 
had expired, and he might have been en route to 
his home, but such was his patriotism th;it he 
threw himself into the very front of the battle. 
For two 3'ears after his return to Indiana he was 
compelled to use crutches, and has never since had 
the full use of his limbs. As soon as he was able 
to work, he embarked in the trade of a cm penter, 
and later, with the money saved while in service, 
purchased forty acres of land, which is now a part 
of his fine farm of two hundred acres. He has 
been one of the most successful farmers and stock- 
raisers of Hamilton County, and has made for 
himself a fair fortune, having one of the finest 
rural homes in the county. 

September 20, 1866, Mr. Kercheval married .Miss 
Nellie Greathouse, who was born in Highland 
County, Ohio, and in 1864 accompanied her father, 
Thomas Greathouse, a Virginian b}- birth, to Indi- 
ana, where Mr. Greathouse engaged in farming 
and also gained a local reputation as a Methodist 
preacher. Mr. and Mrs. Kercheval are the parents 
of five children, namely: Susan M.. who is a 
teacher in the public schools and the reputa- 
tion of being one of the best e<Uicators in Hamil- 
ton County; James, a graduate of Earlliam College, 
at Richmond, Ind., who formerly a teacher, 
but is now a boot and shoe merchant in Sheridan; 
Joe Clifford, a student in Purdue College, of 


Lafayette; Carl C. and Mary, who are being edu- 
cated in tbe local schools. 

In no sense of that word is Mr. Kercheval a j 
politician, but lie has been a life-long Republican, 
and in 1889 his party brought him to the front as 
a candidate for County Commissioner. Elected 
to the position, he served with credit to himself 
and to the satisfaction of his constituents. During 
liis term he was instrumental in bringing about 
many reforms in the county, among which may be 
mentioned the purchasing and making free all the 
gravel roads in the county, something greatly 
appreciated. Socially, he is a Mason and a promi- 
nent member of t!ie Grand Army of the Republic. 
Some years ago he started a movement to erect 
monuments at tlie graves of all dead soldiers in 
his townsliip, and through his efforts forty-one 
soldiers' graves are marked by headstones. The 
soldier has in him a true friend, and none that is 
poor and worthy comes to him for aid without 
securing it. 



o^PMOS T. DAVIS. A flourishing enterprise 
^^1 of Anderson is that which was established 
Irl by Mr. Davis in 1893, and of which he is 
^ the projirietor and manager. Although 

of recent inception, the business has enjoyed a 
steady growth from the start, and the establish- 
ment now ranks among the substantial concerns of 
the cit3'. Within this store may be found a va- 
ried and large assortment of agricultural imple- 
ments, including the most modern and approved 
machinery, and the farmers of the surrounding 
country, appreciating the fact that prices are rea- 
sonable and ([uality superior, have given the en- 
terprise their |)atronage and trade. 

A few words in regard to the ancestors of our 
subject will not be amiss. His Great-grandfather 
Davis was born in Scotland, and emigrated to 
America when a young man, remaining in this 
country until his death. Grandfather Franklin 
Davis was born in Canada and in his early man- 
hood removed to New York State, where he spent 
the greater part of his life. The father of our 

subject, Eli Davis, was born in Tompkins County, 
N. Y.,and in 1844 came west, settling in Alexan- 
dria, Ind., where he conducted a flourishing busi- 
ness as a stock-dealer. He died in that city at the 
age of sixty-two years. 

The mother of our subject bore the maiden 
name of Mary Sutton, and was born in Lycoming 
County, Pa., of Pennsylvania-German ancestry. 
She died in 1865, at the age of thirty-eight. Her 
marriage resulted in the birth of eight children, of 
whom six are now living. Among this number, 
the fourth in order of birth is the subject of this 
sketch, who was born in Connersville, Fayette 
C^ounty, Ind., November 23, 1853. He passed his 
childhood years in Fayette County, meantime at- 
tending the common schools; at the age of twelve 
years he went to Alexandria, and resided m that 
village until 1876. For three years he followed 
the profession of a teacher in Monroe Township, 
after which he came to Anderson, accepting a 
position as clerk in the Sheriff's office. He re- 
mained for four years in the employ of Sheriff 
McMahon, and later was with Sheriff Biddle for 
two years. 

In November, 1882, Mr. Davis was elected 
County Recorder for a term of four years. At 
the expiration of his period of service, he was re- 
elected, and served eight years in all, or until 
1890. Upon retiring from the office of Recorder, 
he entered into business as a contractor of street 
and gravel road construction, continuing thus en- 
gaged until the spring of 1893, since which time 
he has been a dealer in agricultural implements. 
He was married in 1882 to Miss Mary C. Moore, 
a native of Kentucky, who resided in Anderson 
for a time prior to her marriage. She is a daugh- 
ter of George R. Moore, a native of the Blue Grass 
State, who died there in 1891. Mr. and Mrs. Da- 
vis are the parents of three children, Alton M., 
Hermou R. and Nellie E. 

In his social connections, Mr. Davis is identified 
with the Knights of Pythias and the Independent 
Order of Red Men, at Anderson. He is a promi- 
nent worker in the interests of the Democratic 
party and takes an intelligent interest in public 
affairs. To an unusual extent he enjoys the con- 
fidence of the people of the county, who repose in 









him the greatest trust and regard hiin with the 
higliest respect. As a business man, lie is Iceen 
and shrewd, possessing tiiat acumen and tact wliich 
have promoted liis material prosperity'. As a 
friend, lie is kind and obliging; as a neighbor, 
helpful and accommodating; and in his domestic 
relations, he is thoughtful and considerate, a lov- 
ing husband and devoted father. 

Attorney for Madison County, was born in 
I'nion Township, this county, on the 1 4th 
of April, I8(>2. He traces his ancestry to 
id and England, and in the latter country 
lis paternal grandfather, a siicressful manufact- 
urer, passed his entire life. His faihcr, .John A. 
Campbell, was born in Huddersfield, Yorkshire, 
England, and in 1842, at the age of eighteen, 
emigrated to America and for a time traveled in 
the "sunny south." Upon coming north, he lo- 
cated in Henry County, Ind.. and began the study 
of medicine in Rlountsville, but the opening of 
the war caused him to abandon his studies. 

At tlie time of the opening of the Civil War, 
Mr. Campbell was a valiant supporter of the I'nion 
cause, and his patriotic spirit was at once aroused 
in the defense of our country, which he loved 
with all the fei vor of a native-born American. 
In 1861 he entered the army as a member of Com- 
pany K, Thirty-sixth Indiana Infantry, and served 
for three years with the rank of Sergeant. At the 
battle of Shiloh he was wounded in the leg, but 
with that exception he fortunately escaped unin- 
jured. At the close of the war, he returned to 
Indiana, and located at Chesterfield, Madison 
County, where his father-in-law resided. At that 
place he operated a sawmill, later a gristmill, and 
followed milling and engineering until his death. 
Locating in Anderson in the spring of 1871, 
John A. Campbell followed his chosen occupation 
here until his deatii, ten years later. Wiiile work- 
ing as engineer for the Paxson Planing Mill, he 
was one any engaged in piling lumber, and some 
of the wood accidentally falling upfiii hiin he was 

at once killed. He was at that time lifty-seven 
years of age. A m:iii of dccisixc (•h.-irai-ter and 
great perseverance, be \v:i~ hrbl in jii^h csli'cm by 
all who knew him. and .'i mciiiliiT of the Chris- 
tian Church. Politically, he adhcri'd U> the prin- 
ciples of the Democratic party. 

The mother of our subject l)orc the maiden 
name of Miriam i'lMwbridgc. and was Imrn m 
Hamilton County. ( )hi(., being the daughter of the 
Rev. Joseph R. Trowbridge, wlio was born in Vir- 
ginia. He was a pioneer member of the Christian 
Church and a friend of the famous Alexander 
Cami)bell, one of the early preachers in tliat 
denomination. He aided in the organization of a 
number of churches and w.-is prdiiiiiuMit among the 
people of that faith in Ohio and Indiana. He 
resided successively at lUountsville, Chesterlield 
and Muncie, Ind., and died at the place last named 
in 1883, aged eighty-four years. The mother of 
our subject is still living, and makes her home in 

Of a family of three sons and one daughter, the 
subject of this sketch was next to the youngest. 
He was reared in Anderson from the age of nine 
years, and was for some time a student in the 
public and high schools of this city, graduating 
in 1879. Afterward he followed the profession of 
a teacher until 1885, and meantime employed his 
leisure hours in the study of law, reading with 
Schwinn & McMahau. lie hecame First Assistant 
Postmaster under .1. \V. Pence, and held that 
position until November, 1888, when he resigned. 
Later he was appointed Deputy Sheriff under 
James Etchison and served in that capacity until 
the fall of 189-2. 

Meantime, Mr. Camiibell continued his legal 
studies, and in September, 1891, he was .-idmitted 
to })ractice at the Bar of the state of Indiana. In 
.June of 1892, he was nominated on the Demo- 
cratic ticket for the position of Pi-osecuting 
Attorney and was elected in lln' fall of the 
.same year. During the month of November, he 
assumed the duties of the oflice and located on 
tlie corner of Ninth and .Main Streets, Anderson, 
' where he still has his ofliee. As may be inferred 
i from the above, he is a Democrat, and he labors uu- 
j tiringly for party interests. In 188fi he was elected 



a member of the School Board and served until 
June, 1892, being for two .years President of the 

In Anderson, .lul}' 7, 1883, Mr. Campbell 
married Miss Luella Wriglit, who was born in 
Brown County, Ind., being a daughter of James 
Wright, a soldier in the late war, who was killed 
during active service. Tlie union of Mr. and Mrs. 
Campbell lias resulted in the birth of four children: 
Dale J., Lena, Edith and Bartlett R. In his social 
connections, Mr. Campbell is identified with Mt. 
ISIoriah Lodge, F. & A. M., the Mingo Tribe of 
Red Men, the Royal Arcanum, and the Order of 
Foresters, of whicli he is Past Chief Ranger. 

'S^ICHARD THORNBURGH, a representative 
Lsif and thoroughly practical agriculturist and 
1E\ a successful stock-raiser desirably located 
^ upon section 10, Anderson Township, Mad- 
ison County, is a native of the state, and, through- 
out iiis entire life intimately associated with the 
growth and upward progress of his county, is 
widely known as a substantial and liberal spirited 
citizen, ever ready to lend a helping hand in all 
matters of mutual welfare. Born in Madison 
County March 18, 1843, he was the son of Thomas 
and Margaret (Munden) Thornburgh, early resi- 
dents and prominent people of the county. The 
father was a native of North Carolina, and leaving 
his birthplace when only a little lad, accompanied 
the paternal grandparents to Ohio, where he was 
reared and educated in the primitive log school- 
houses of the early days. From Ohio some years 
later, Thomas Thornburgh, following the tide of 
emigration, took his way to Indiana and, arriving 
within the borders of the state in 1837, settled in 
Richland Township upon a new farm. Year after 
j-ear patiently cultivating the fertile soil, the 
father brought the acres of the old homestead up 
to a high state of cultivation and annually rea[)ed 
an abundant harvest, but finally, in the spring of 
1889, he removed to Anderson 'i'ownship, where 
he died July 2, 1890, universally mourned as a 

man of sterling integrity of character, a true friend 
and upright citizen. 

The widow survives and now, seventy-three 
years of age, resides in Anderson. A pioneer of 
the state, she has been an e^^e-witness of the re- 
markable development of Madison County and 
possesses many old-time friends and well-wishers. 
Of the six children born unto the parents, five sur- 
vive: Richard; Martha, wife of S. B. Moss; Mary, 
wife of Benjamin Lukens; John; and Jane, widow 
of Oliver Davis, a public-spirited citizen and 
early settler of Madison County, whose death was 
mourned as a public loss. A devout Christian, he 
was a member of the Friends' Society and, thor- 
oughlj' upright, commanded the confidence of all 
who knew him. Politically a Whig in early life, 
Mr. Davis was later a stalwart Republican and was 
deeply interested ifl local and national issues. 

Richard Thornburgh, our subject, reared amid the 
pioneer scenes of his youth, received instruction 
in the district schools of the home neighborhood 
and, trained up to the routine of everyday duties of 
agricultural pursuits, made farming the avocation 
of his life. Mr. Thornburgh has been especially 
successful as a stock-raiser and dealer in cattle and 
horses, and, possessed of excellent judgment and 
fine business ability, has been financially- prospered. 
Supplementing the knowledge he gained at school 
by keen observation and reading, Mr. Thornburgh 
is a man of intelligent culture and hasself-rcliantl y 
gained an enviable position of influence. 

Upon May 28, 1867, Richard Thornburgh and 
Miss Arabella Thomas, a native of Ohio, and the 
daughter of Jacob S. Thomas, of Miami County, 
Ind., were united in marriage. The union of our 
subject and his worthy wife has been blessed by 
the birth of seven children, five of whom are 
yet surviving: Charles A., Raymond D., Bessie, 
Thomas R. and Nellie B. January 12, 1891, the 
belpved wife and mother entered into rest, leav- 
ing to her husband and children blessed memories 
of her love and tender kindness. Our subject is 
a valued member of the United Brethren Church, 
and politically is an ardent Republican. Mr. 
Thornburgh owns eighty acres of excellent land, 
under a highly profitable state of cultivation and 
well improved with substantial and commodious 



buildings. The farm liouses some fine stock of su- 
perior grade, our subject profitabl)- handling the 
best varieties. Mr. Tliornburgh is a progressive 
man of liberal spirit, aii.d enjoys the high esteem of 
a host of life-time friends. 

y~,ILLIAM II. WILKINS. No state in the 
forty-four gives greater encouragement to 
„ ^ a man who desires to devote himself to 
agricultural pursuits than does Indiana. Its re- 
sources are almost inexhaustible, and its climate is 
adapted to the cultivation of varied crops. The 
energy and perseverance of a man's character have 
nowhere a better field for manifestation than in 
agricultural pursuits. This is found to be the case 
in the career of William II. Willcins, who is not 
only a most successful and progressive farmer, but 
a business man of more than ordinary acumen. 
He came originally from Yadkin County, N. C, his 
birth occurring in 1851 to the union of George and 
Elizabeth (Cranflll) Wilkins, both natives of Davie 
County, N. C. Tiie grandfather, George Wilkins, 
Sr., was of Diilcii descent, and tlie maternal grand- 
father, Joshua Cranfill, was boin in Davie County, 
N. C, and followed agrirultural pursuits there for 
a number of years. 

The father of our subject was reared in Yadkin 
County, and made his home there until his death, 
in April. 1893. lie was married in 1842 to Miss 
Cranfill, and started out to combat life with noth- 
ing, not even a few articles of household furniture. 
He followed the occupation of a farmer and black- 
smith, and his first liorse was bought with the 
money earned by splitting rails at fifteen cents i)er 
hundred. He was industrious and persevering, 
and at the time of his death was in very comforta- 
ble circumstances. In politics he was a Republi- 
can, and in religion a l!apti>t. A slrong temper- 
ance man, and an honorable, worthy citizen, lie 
was highly- regarded in the neighborhood. To his 
marriage were born twelve children. Joshua died 
when young; Sarah Ann and Ducky are deceased; 
Charles died when about thirty-three j-ears of age. 
He married Miss Barbara (Jross, who bore him one 

child, George. Lydia E. is the wife of L. C. Cran- 
fill; William II. is our subject; George married 
Miss Nettie Revis and has one child; Matthew died 
when young; John married Miss Bettie Hoots and 
has three children; Nancy Jane is deceased; Sarah 
Jane died when young; and one died in infancy. 

William H. Wilkins remained with his parents 
until 1871, and his time was passed in arduous 
work on the farm, for he had to help su|)port the 
family. lie received no education, and when nine- 
teen years of age was thrown on his own rcsouivrs. 
For nine months he worked as a farm h.aiid and 
then made his way to Hancock County, Ind., land- 
ing there with $2.50 in money and a valise full of 
clothes. Soon after he went to Madison County, 
settling in Pendleton, and later worked for Dauiiil 
Snyder shucking corn. After that he cut and 
handled cordwood until February, 1872, when he 
went to Van Biiren County to visit relatives. 
There he hired to .1. A. Allen and was engaged in 
general farm work for six months, onlj- losing six 
days during that time. After that he began 
work for Dan Webster, continued with him for a 
few months, and then ai)|)cared in Hancock Coun- 
ty, where he husked corn, cut cordwood and 
split rails for two years. Ditching then occupied 
his attention for some time and then he came to 
Madison County, where he was engaged in the 
same business, but only a short time, giving up 
the contract for ditching and engaging in merchan- 

Mr. Wilkins was first in business as clerk with 
Roseborn & Howard, but only for a few months, 
after which he branched out for himself with a 
(■ai)ital of *.')00, although he had saved aliout 
^()00. For three montlis he ran an oyster stand 
and for a short time was in partnershi)) with B. 
S. Payne. Later he engaged in business alone, 
buying out his partner, and has been without a part- 
ner ever since. In 1882 he moved to his present 
place of business. On the 9th of January, 1881, 
he was married to Miss Mary E. Spitzmesser, a na- 
tive of Boone Township, Madison County, born 
in 1861, and the daughter of Dennis and Betsey 
(Neltuer) Spitzmesser, natives of Germany and 
Ireland, respectively. Mr. Spitzmesser is now one 
of the foremost farmers of Boone Township. Mrs. 



Wilkins died on the Uth of December, 1892. 
She was a most worth)' Christian womay and was 
a member of tlie Methodist Episcopal Church, be- 
ing converted under the preaching of Dr. Wood- 
worth in 1885. Slie was quite an active woriter 
in the churcii, and was well thought of by all. 

Two children were born to this union, Maudie 
Blanclie and .Jolinny P'loyd. Mr. Williins is now 
tlie owner of one hundred and thirty-five acres of 
land, a part of which he worked on when lie came 
to Indiana, and he also owns a stock of goods 
valued at §7,000, and a very pleasant home. He is 
interested in the Fairview Addition and is a stock- 
holder and Treasurer of the Johnson Land Com- 
pany. He also owns an interest in tlie brick fac- 
tory. In politics Mr. Wilkins is a Proiiibitionist, 
and in religion a Methodist, lieing Steward and 
Treasurer of that cliuich. 


/^EGRGEW. I5R0WN, a representative ag- 
f|[ (— -^ riculturist and prosperous stock-raiser suc- 
^^(Jl cessfully conducting a fine farm desirably 
located upon section 19, Lafayette Townsliip, 
Madison Count}-, is a native of the state, and from 
liis earliest 3'outh has been identified with tiie 
progressive interests of Indiana. He was born in 
Rush County, .luly 6, 1843, and is tlie son of Hon. 
George W. and Elizabeth (Trees) Brown, both of 
the parents being natives of Oliio. Tlie paternal 
grandparents were numbered among the early 
pioneers of Indiana, removing hitlier from Ohio 
with their family in the early '20s. Grandmotlier 
Hannah Brown, a true pioneer of the west, named 
Richland Townsliip in Rush County, and was 
widely known for her courage and energetic en- 
terprise. The father of our subject, the Hon. 
George W. Brown, possessed executive ability of 
a high order, and, appreciated by his fellow-cit- 
izens, for two terms efticientiy represented Rush 
County in the State Legislature. Discharging the 
duties intrusted to his care to the great satisfac- 
tion of ills constituents, he achieved an enviable 
reputation as a public otlicial, and subsequently 
represented Shelby County twice in the State Leg- 

islature. Finally elected State Senator from the 
latter county, he was giving faithful and earnest 
consideration to state affairs when he was stricken 
with mortal illness and upon May 17, 1858, passed 
away, mourned as a public loss. He was politically 
a Democrat, and, an earnest advocate of the Party 
of tlie People, was eloquent in argument and log- 
ical in discussions. 

When a young man the father entered the min- 
istry of the Christian Church and although he 
afterward practically abandoned the pulpit, was 
ever a devout Christian and a man of sterling in- 
tegrity. He and liis excellent wife welcomed to 
their hearts and home a family of bright and in- 
telligent children, most of whom survived to use- 
ful manhood and womanhood. The living sons 
and daughters are: Mary A., wife of William 
Crail, of .Jasper County, 111.; Hannah E., wife of 
Gerard Burton, of Cherokee County, Kan.; John 
O., of Jasper County, 111.; Adam T., residing in 
Hancock County Ind.; Emiline, wife of J. J. 
Burton, of Jasper County, 111.; and George W. 
Our subject in 1847, then four years of age, re- 
moved from his birthplace with his father and 
mother, who then located in Shelby County. In 
this part of the state Mr. Brown was mainly I'eared 
and educated. His father died when he was only 
a bo)-, and shortly after that bereavement the 
eldest brother entered the Union army, and, en- 
gaging in ttie perils of the Civil War. left the care 
of the home farm and the widowed mother to our 
subject. That patriotic son and brother, constantly 
subject to the exposure and suffering of a soldier, 
was taken ill with typhoid fever at Pilot Knob, 
Mo., and died far from home and friends. Two of 
the other brothers who had likewise enlisted re- 
turned in safety at the close of the war. 

The first sciiool Mr. Brown ever attended was 
held in a little log cabin and paid for by sub- 
scription. Later he enj03-ed the advantages of 
instruction in a more advanced district school and 
he well improved the golden opportunities for 
study which presented themselves in Shelby 
County. Arrived at manhood, energetic, ambi- 
tious and self reliant, our subject took unto him- 
self a wife. It was upon August 1, 1865, that 
George W. Brown and Miss Margaret L. McK.ay 



were united in nianiage. Tlie estimable wife of our 
subject was a native of Jefferson County, Ind., and 
tlie daugbter of Samuel and Nanc_y McKa.y. Mrs. 
I'.iown removed witli ber parents to Slielby County 
wbeu a young girl, and tbere received her educa- 
tion in the district schools. Kigbt sons and 
daughters blessed the union of our subject and his 
worthy wife. .lane C, the eldest born, is now the 
wife of .John .1. Closser; Eliza .1. is the widow of 
Francis Ashton; the others are, SamucHl.. Will- 
iam II., George W., :\Iinerva H.. Klmer K. and 
Catherine A. From Shelby County Mr. Ur.iwM 
removed in the fall of 1HH4 to his present fine farm 
in .Madison County, which has since been his,[)erma- 
neiit home. He owns two hundred acres of choice 
land, now brought up to a high state of cultivation 
and well improved with modern and substantial 
buildings. Fraternally, in early years connected 
with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, our 
subject has not been an active member of the order 
for some time. Politieallj' a Democrat, Mr. IJrown 
is intelligently posted in both local and national 
affairs. He is a valued member of the Christian 
Church and a ready aid in all matters of benevo- 
lent enterprise. Financially prospered, and with 
unvarying industry making his upward way in 
life, our subject has likewise gained a position 
where, respected and'esteemed, his useful influence 
is a power for good. He and his devoted wife 
enjoy the confidence of all who know them, and 
ill the evening of their lives may rest content that 
in the battle of life they have fought a good fight. 


ANIEL M. SCOTT is one of the pioneers 
of Alexandria, and one of its wealthiest 
and most esteemed citizens. He was born 
near Morgantown, Monongalia County, 
\V. Va., June 17, 1828, a son of William T. and 
.luliet (Marchand) Scott, the former of whom was 
liorn in West Virginia in December, 1795, and the 
l.'itter in Westmoreland County, Pa., September 5, 
18(11. The paternal grandfather, James Scott, was 
a Virginian, and at one time while helping to de- 
fend his father's home against an attack from the 

Indians be was woumlrd Miidonrof lii> >M,'is was 
killed. He was a phuilor, and at one time owned 
a large number of slaves, and belonged to oiu' of 
the most prominent of the old Colonial families of 
Virginia. He died m his native stale. 

William T. ScotI, .•lUbouob but a boy of seven- 
teen years at the time of the War of 1812, did 
good service as a recruit iiig ollicer, and became a 
man of more than ordinary intelligence in after 
yeais. lie followed the occupation of {eachiiig 
tor s.uiic lime, and alioi.t, I,s:;i started down the 
Ohio Kiver for 1 mliaiia, and lirst resided for some 
time in .leffersonville, where he supported himself 
for some time by teaching, as he had come to the 
slate a very poor man. From Jeffersonvillo he 
went to Henry Count.y, where for a time he was 
engaged in farming in a small way, then went to 
Delaware County and look up forty acres of land 
four miles west of Muncie, where he lived until 
1847. He later bought property near Alexandria, 
his homestead being the place now owned by Rob- 
ert II. Hannah, who married his daughter and lo- 
cated on South Harrison Street, now in the heart 
of a bustling city. On this place he died in 
March, 1862. He had one brother, Dorsey, who 
was a Baptist preacher. Rolla, another brother, 
became a lawyer, was Clerk of the Circuit Court 
in Brown County, and was a man of some politi- 
cal note. Another brother, Sanford, was a farmer 
near Anderson, Ind., and died in that city about 
1873. A sister was married to Alexander Men- 
efee, of Anderson, and died in the winter of 
1893, at the age of seventy-five years. The ma- 
ternal grandfather of the subject of this sketch. 
Dr. James Marchand, was a prominent phj-sician 
of his day, and died in what is now Irvin Station, 
being a descendant of the French Huguenots. He 
was married twice, and by both wives became the 
father of sons who followed in his footsteps and 
became physicians. Tlie3- were members of the 
Presbyterian Church and devout Christians. 

Daniel M. Scott was the eldest of three brothers, 
and he had seven sisters, four of whom were older 
than himself. Eliza A. married Amos Collins, is a 
widow and resides in Anderson, Ind., with a 
daughter; Amelia married William Crim, and 
died in Anderson in the fall of 1892; Isabel mar- 


ried Dr. John Home, of Yorktown, Ind.; Marie 
A. married Dr. Joseph Pugh, who was many years 
Treasurer of Madison County; Caroline married 
R. n. Hannah, who is one of the wealthiest men 
of Alexandria, and has been one of the principal 
promoters of the growth of the place; Matilda J. 
died at about the age of thirty years, unmarried; 
James is in the grocery business in Alexandria; 
and Rolla was for many years in the County 
Clerk's office in Anderson, and died when about 
forty years old, his wife also being dead. 

The early advantages of Daniel M. Scott were 
of a limited nature, from the fact that the country 
was new at the time his parents located here, and 
his services were required in assisting his father to 
gain the necessaries of life rather than in acquir- 
ing an education, although he did attend school 
for some time at the regulation log schoolhouse, 
being compelled to walk from two to three miles 
to do so. In the fall of 1846 he entered a 
store as a clerk at Yorktown, and in 1858 en- 
gaged in the mercantile business on his own ac- 
count at Independence, where he made consider- 
able money. In 1864 he came back to Alexan- 
dria, where he continued merchandising until 
1883, then bought grain and dealt in stock, in all 
of which enterprises he showed good judgment 
and made money. 

In 1864 our subject bought forty-six acres of 
land adjoining the little village of Alexandria, to 
which he added from time to time until he had a 
large and valuable farm. This valuable property 
was greatly increased in value by the boom the 
place took about this time, and he, in company 
with Ijis brother-in-law, J. W. Parsons, and Dr. J. 
W. Pugh laid out the Riverside Addition to Alex- 
andria, which is a beautiful residence district. (A 
more complete notice of this place is given in the 
sketch of J. W. Parsons.) Mr. Scott also owns 
property in the main part of the city, and has one 
lot on Harrison Street for which he has refused 
$4,000, and which was bought by his father about 
forty years ago for an old shot-gun. Mr. Scott 
has done a great deal to make Alexandria the stir- 
ring and bustling cit}' that it is, and was instru- 
mental in securing the two railroads of the place, 
and helped to build the gravel roads. He has 

served as Township Trustee for six or eight years, 
but outside of that Jias never held any political 
office, nor has he desired to do so. All the mem- 
bers of his family have been Democrats from the 
cradle, and this party receives his support also. 

Mr. Scott was married July 6, 1859, to Miss 
Jennie E. Banks, who was born in Wayne County, 
Ind., February 28, 1839, a daughter of Adam 
Banks, a prominent farmer, and to them but one 
child was born, William T., who died at the age 
of two and a-half years. However, they have 
reared and educated three children: Flora B., the 
daughter of his brother-in-law, Jonathan W. Par- 
sons, and now the wife of Dr. J. W. Pugh; and her 
brother, Adolph N., who died at his home when 
twenty-six years of age. Mr. Parsons has been a 
Mason for forty years, and is a liberal supporter 
of the Christian Church, to which his wife belongs. 
His business career has been a most remarkable one, 
for he started in life with but little education, and 
is now one of the wealthiest self-made men of 
Madison County. At the present time he is liv- 
ing a quiet life in his beautiful home, surrounded 
by an abundance of this world's goods and a host 
of warm friends, wiiose respect, conBdence and 
affection he highly prizes. 

SYDNEY CROPPER is engaged extensively 
in general agricultural pursuits and is the 
! owner of a fine farm located in Delaware 
Township, Hamilton County, in addition 
to which he owns one hundred and sixty .acres in 
Tipton County. His biography, which we will 
now briefly review, affords a good illustration of 
the fact that industry and good judgment will al- 
most invariably bring their possessor abundant 
material success, although at the beginning of his 
career he may have neither capital nor friends. 

In this connection a brief mention of the par- 
ents of our subject will not be amiss. His father, 
Leavin Cropper, was born in Hackensack County, 
Md., in 1781, and was reared upon a farm, receiv- 
ing but a limited education. His first marriage 
united _him with Miss Polly Selby, and they be- 
came the parents of four children: John, Peter 



Nancy and Nathaniel, C)f whom Nancy is tlie sole 
survivor. In an early day Mr. Cropper removed 
to Kentucky, and there, after the death of bis first 
wife, he married Sopliia, daughter of Granville 
Reed, a native of "\'iruinia. Their union resulted 
in the birth of the following children: "William, 
deceased; Polly, wife of Robert Stoop; Edmund; 
Sydney; JMadisoii; Saumel; I.iutilia; Leavin, de- 
ceased; Solomon ; l).-i\iil, dc(ea>c(l; and .Joseph, de- 

Toward the latter pait of his life Leavin Croi)- 
per removed to Decatur County, Ind., and re- 
mained ujwn a farm live years, when he moved to 
Marion County, where he remained until his death, 
which occurred at the age of seventy-four. His 
wife had passed away many years prior to his de- 
mise, her death occurring when our subject was 
fourteen. The father, politically, was identified 
with the Whigs; in his religious convictions he 
was an earnest and faithful member of the Primi- 
tive liaptist Cluncli, in nhicli faith he died. A 
man of broad and generous .sympathies, fine 
sense of justice, one felt instinctively that he was 
a good man, lliat his judgiiient w.-is sound and 
liis motives exalted. 

From Bourbon County, Ky., where he was born 
in 1823, Sydney Cropper was taken by his parents 
to Scott County, the same state, and thence, at 
the age of eight years, went to Decatur, Ind., 
where he remained for live years. Later, he re- 
moved to Marion County, this state. At the age 
of nineteen, he left the parental home, and, pro- 
ceeding to Paris, III., started to learn the trade of 
a saddler. As that was not exactly suited to his 
tastes, he abandoned tiie trade in a few months, 
and going to Greensburg, Ind., learned the ti'ade 
of a blacksmith and manufacturer of plows. Me 
has followed his trade to some extent throughout 
his entire life, but for many years has given his 
attention principally to farming, and is now the 
owner of one hundred and sixteen acres in Ham- 
ilton County and one hundred and si.Kty acres in 
Tipton Count}', in addition to which he has given 
his two children forty acres each. 

In Valparaiso, Ind., on the 27thof May, 1857, Mr. 
Cropper married Miss Sarah A., daughter of Will- 
iam and Catherine (Van Dalsen) Mowery. Two 

children were born of this union: Catherine, wife 
of Clark Wall; and (leiieva, who married (ieorge 
A. Leatherman. Both .Mr. and Mrs. Cropper are 
active members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
in which he has served .as Class-leader for more 
than twenty years. Socially, he is a demitted 
memlier of the Masonic fraternity. While not ac- 
tive in politics, he is a stanch Kepublican, and has 
officiated as Justice of the Peace for eight years, 
in which position he has displ.ayed the possession 
of sound common sense, line judicial aliility and 
accurate judgment. 

The paternal grand|)arents of Mrs. Crojjper 
were Valentine and Susan Mowery, natives of \'ir- 
ginia, and the parents of eleven children, of whom 
the eldest and youngest were sons, the youngest 
being the father of Mrs. Cropiier. The maternal 
grandparents of Mrs. Cropper were Henry and 
Eunice (Zobeiska) Van Dalsen, natives of New 
York and New .Jersey, respectively, but of Holland 
and Polish descent. 

There were but two children m the family of 
William Mowery, Mrs. Cropper and a sister, Eu- 
nice, who married E. L. Whitcomb, by whom 
she had five children, but one now livinsj. 

W;i W. READ, a prominent business man and 
senior partner of the prosperous firm of 
W. W. Read & Co., wholesale grocers of 
Anderson, discovered some time since that his 
present localit}- offered great opportunities to men 
of enterprise, and with excellent judgment decided 
to establish himself here, and in the month of 
.September, 1889, opened his present commodious 
store. He was guided in his choice of business by 
the fact that Anderson no wholesale 
grocery house, and, observing the rapid growth of 
the town and the constantly- increasing need of 
such an establishment, at once resolved to become 
the pioneer in his especial line of trade. The ven- 
ture from the first a pronounced success, the 
sales far exceeding the brightest anticipations of 
our subject. As yet the only house of its kind in 
the flourishing town of Anderson, the energetic 


portrait: and biographical record. 

firm of W. W. Read & Co. commands an exten- 
sive trade, covering a large territory, and reach- 
ing far out into tlie surrounding country. 

Mr. Read liad for many years been engaged as a 
trusted employe in responsible positions in the 
dry-goods business, but, a man of executive ability, 
was not satisfied to longer remain in tlie service 
of others.and finally resolved to start out for him- 
self. His long experience of twenty-five years 
with the well known dry-goods firm of H. S. 
Pogue & Co., of Cincinnati, Ohio, was an invalu- 
able apprenticeship, thoroughly training him in 
tlie manner and method of conducting an immense 
business. The firm, appreciating his unquestion- 
able judgment and efficiency, placed Mr. Read in 
charge of the wholesale department of the busi- 
ness, which he successfully conducted for fifteen 
years, and during this entire length of time also 
held with ability tlie responsil)le position of buyer 
of goods. A man of close observation, our sub- 
ject in handling the interests of others acquired 
a knowledge and confidence which peculiarly 
adapted him to prosperously manage an extensive 
business of his own. 

During his long residence in the city of Cincin- 
nati, Mr. Read enjo.yed the pleasure of a wide ac- 
quaintance and possessed the confidence of many 
friends, who regretted his departure from the firm 
with whom he had so long sustained the most sat- 
isfactory business relations. In beginning busi- 
ness upon his own account, he saw that every de- 
partment of his store was furnished with a com- 
plete line of goods, and no wholesale grocery 
house in Madison County offers to its customers a 
finer stock or choicer variety of goods than W. W. 
Read &. Co., who are now numbered among the 
substantial business men of this locality. Mr. 
Read, devoting himself untiringly to the demands 
of commercial life, has no desire for political pre- 
ferment, but is nevertheless deeply interested' in 
both local and national issues, and, a public-spir- 
ited citizen, ardently advocates the development 
of local improvements and enterprise. 

In 1873, in Brookville, Ind., W. W. Read and 
Miss Carrie S. Speer were united in marriage. The 
estimable and accomplished wife of our subject 
was the daughter of Henry Speer, a manufacturer 

of paper in the town of Brookville for many 
years. He was a man of fine business attainments 
and was well known and highly regarded in Cin- 
cinnati, where he long conducted a salesroom. 
Mr. and Mrs. Read have been blessed b^^ the 
birth of three children: a daughter. Miss Carrie E. 
Read, a social favorite among her large circle of 
friends; and a boy and girl who died in infancy. 

..^w^^^^-.-^ ^ 

<^ IJKilLLIAM E. JOHN, a successful fanner re- 
\rj/i siding upon section 4, Union Township^ 
^^ is numbered among the representative 
residents of Madison County, wheie he was born 
on the 17th of January, 1844. He is the sou of 
William and Catherine (Glodfeit}-) John, natives 
respectively of Ohio and Pennsylvania. His pa- 
ternal ancestors were presumably of Welsh origin, 
while on his mother's side he is of Pennsylvania- 
Dutch descent. The father of our subject accom- 
panied his parents to Indiana during the early 
part of the present centuiy and, settling in the 
woods of Madison County on the White River, 
commenced the arduous task of clearing the land 
and improving a farm. 

By trade a blacksmith, AVilliam John followed 
that occupation throughout his entire active life, 
and in connection therewith engaged extensively 
in agricultural pursuits. During the early period 
of his residence in this county, he experienced all 
the hardships incident to existence on the fron- 
tier, but with undaunted courage and persever- 
ance he achieved success in spite of every obsta- 
cle. He made his home in this count}^ until called 
lience by death in 1889. Of the children born to 
his marriage, four survive, namely: Margaret J., 
the wife of Lewis Dilts; William E., of this sketch; 
Thomas A., a resident of Anderson; and Charlotte, 
who is the wife of John M. McGriff. In his polit- 
ical belief, Mr. John, Sr., was a Democrat, and was 
often elected upon the ticket of that party as the 
incumbent of local offices of trust. A stanch ad- 
vocate of the public schools, he frequently served 
as School Director, and was instrumental in pro- 
moting educational affairs. 

The subject of this notice was reared to man- 




'i- -^ m 






hood in the county of his birth, receiving in the 
district schools such educational artviintages as 
were then offered to the young. Mucli of iiis' time 
was devoted to the task of removing tlie dense 
forest growth, and in other pioneer work. He was 
married in 18C6 to Miss Nancy E. Dunhani, a na- 
tive of Madison County, Ind., her fatlier. We-ley 
Dunham, liaving lieen an early settler of Inlon 
Township, and now a resident of Anderson. Six 
children were born to Mr. and Mrs. John, of whom 
the five following survive: William W., Thomas 
II., Ada T., Charles H. and Gideon E. Theodore K. 
is deceased. 

After his marriage, Mr. John located upon the 
farm wliere he has since resided. He is now the 
owner of one hundred and eighty acres, upon 
which he has placed all the improvements charac- 
teristic of a model estate. Here he conducts a 
general farming business, devoting his attention 
to planting and ploughing, and to other labors in- 
cident to rural life. In all his work he uses ex- 
cellent judgment, displaying the possession of 
abilities of a high order. Politically he is prom- 
inent in the councils of the Democratic party in 
this section, and gives his support to all me.asures 
of a public-spirited character. Socially, he and 
his family are iiighly regarded by all who enjoy 
the pleasure of their acquaintance. . 

J] AMES W. Mc;MAIIAN, who is engaged in 
general farming and stock-raising on section 
I 6, White River Township, Hamilton Coun- 
_ ' ty, was born in Marion County, Ind., De- 
cember 1, 1837. He traces his ancestry to James 
McMahan, a native of Scotland, who came to 
America in 1714, and died in 1797. His son John 
was born May 23, 1741. The grandparents of our 
subject, James and Letitia (Asbury) McJIahan, 
were natives of North Carolina, and in an early 
day removed to Kentucky. The}" were married 
December 3, 1797, and had a family of six sons 
and five daughters. The gieat-great-grandmother 
was a niece of Daniel Boone. 
The father of our subject at the age of eleven 

3'ears began life for himself. About 1837, he 
married Priscilla Morrow. In 1833, lie came to 
Indiana, locating in Indianapolis and working at 
his trade of a plasterer until 1844, when lie re- 
moved to a farm twenty-nine miles west, where he 
kept a tavern for four years. Returning to the 
city, he engaged in dealing in stock, and bought 
hundreds of horses for the United States Govern- 
ment during the war. He was an old-time stage 
agent, and also collected the postage. After his 
return to Indianapolis, he bought a grist and saw 
mill at Plainfleld, and subsequently carried on a 
general store until 1801, when he sold out and 
removed to a farm in White County. Three 
years later he went to Noblesville, where for a 
time he conducted a mercantile business, and later 
engaged in farming and trading until his death. 
He was a prominent and successful business man 
and accumulated quite a fortune. He died Aug- 
ust 19, 1884; his widow is still living in Nobles- 
ville. The}' were the parents of ten children, four 
sons and six daughters. 

Under the parental roof, James W. McMahan 
was reared to manhood, no event of special im- 
portance occurring during his youth save his serv- 
ice in the late war. Prompted by patriotic 
impulses, he enlisted August 9, 1862, as a member 
of Company A, Fourth Indiana Cavalry. He 
went immediately to the front, and in Tennessee 
was taken prisoner, being paroled and kept in 
parol camp from February until June, 1863. He 
served as Quartermaster-Sergeant during the lat- 
ter part of the war, and after the cessation of 
hostilities was honorably discharged, June 28, 
1865. For three years he faithfully defended the 
Old P'lag, which now floats so pndidly over the 
united nation. 

In 1869, Mr. McMahan was united in marriage 
with Susan F. Flanders, who was born September 
11, 1848, and died September 18, 189U. Eight 
children were born of that union, of whom four 
aie still living: Sara M., John D., James A. and 
Susan J. All have been provided with good ed- 
ucational advantages. 

For three years, Mr. McMahan engaged in farm- 
ing in connection with his father-in-law and after- 
ward rented land for thirteen years. Meantime 


lie purchased one hundred and sixty acres, to 
which he has since added, until the farm now com- 
prises four hundred and fifty acres of valuable 
land, under a high state of cultivation and well 
improved. He successfully carries on general 
farming and stock-raising, and has become one of 
the substantial citizens of the community. In pol- 
itics, he was formerly a Republican, then became 
a Democrat, but now is independent, voting 
for the man whom he thinks best qualified for the 
oflice. Favoring a revision of the tariff, and op- 
posed to protection, as we are not infants in any 
sense of the word at this day and time in the way 
of manufacturing, he voted for Cleveland. Mr. 
McMahan is a self-educated and self-made man, 
and his example may well serve to encourage oth- 
ers who, like himself, have to begin life's battles 
empty-handed. His career demonstrates the fact 
that success is the reward of earnest effort. 

J JOSEPH SHAFER, a progressive and pros- 
perous general farmer and stock-raiser of 
I Indiana, and a long time and highly re- 
' spected resident of Duck Creek Township, 
Madison County, has from his earliest youth been 
associated with the leading interests of the state, 
and, born within the boundaries October 6, 1855, 
is a native of Franklin County. His father, James 
Shafer, was likewise a native of the same county, 
and was there reared. He was the son of early 
pioneers, who energetically aided in reclaiming the 
land from its unproductive condition and lived 
and died amid the changing scenes and growth of 
enterprise which transformed the wild prairies and 
timber land of the state into highly cultivated 
farms waving with grain. He received his edu- 
cation in the primitive log schoolhouse of the 
neighborhood, but early began the battle of life, 
assisting his parents in the agricultural duties 
of the old homestead, and self-reliantly winning 
his upward way to a position of comfortable inde- 
pendence. Attaining to mature age lie married, 
and, soon after the birth of our subject removed. 

in 1855, with his wife and family to Madison 
County. He settled upon another farm and for 
more 'than two-score years tilled the fertile soil of 
hi 5 broad acres, passing away upon his homestead 
April 23, 1889. 

The mother, Frances (Ward well) Shafer, was the 
daughter of Isaac Ward well and the descendant of a 
long line of intelligent and liighly respected Eng- 
lish ancestry. The Shafers were of German descent 
and possessed the thrifty industry and upright 
character bequeathed to them by their sturdy fore- 
fathers. Joseph Shafer was the j'oungest of the 
five children who blessed the home of the parents. 
Nancy, the eldest daughter, is the wife of a suc- 
cessful physician. Dr. J. D. Armfleld, who with his 
family makes his home in Elwood, where he enjoys 
a large practice; Abbie married James Hinds, now 
deceased, and is residing in Elwood; William E., 
a successful fanner, cultivates a fine homestead iu 
Duck Creek Township; Joseph attended the dis- 
trict schools of his home township and, reared in 
his present locality, is identified with the growth 
and progress of Duck Creek Township, which 
forty-five years ago was in a comparatively primi- 
tive condition, neighbors being few and far between. 
Removing hither when an infant, Mr. Shafer has, 
with the exception of a brief period, made this 
part of Indiana his lifetime home. He remained 
with his father, working industriously upon the 
old farm, until twenty-one years of age and then 
began life for himself. After fanning one year at 
New Lancaster, our subject returned again to the 
old farm, and prosperously continues in the till- 
ing of the soil of Duck Creek Township, where he 
raises fine crops of hay and grain and also profit- 
ably handles a high grade of cattle and horses. 

Upon December 22, 1878, were united in mar- 
riage Joseph Shafer and Miss AUie Stretchei, 
daughter of Joseph and Sarah (Mack) Stretcher. 
The pleasant home of our subject and his estima- 
ble wife has been brightened by the birth of three 
children, two daughters and one son, Chloe, Ettie 
and James Arthur. They are all at home and are in- 
telligent young people, social favorites witli many 
friends. Mr. and Mrs. Shafer are valued members 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Mr. Shafer is 
one of the Trustees of that religious organization 



and is a liberal giver in belialf of its support. He 
is politically a Republican, hut lias no aspirations 
for office, and is content to do his duty as a kind 
neighbor, true friend and private citizen, ever 
ready to lend a helping iiand in all matters of 
local welfare and improvement. 

AMUEL EDCxAR BUSBY. In glancing 
over the biographies presenlcd upon llioc 
pages, the reader Las doulitlcs^ been im- 
pressed by the fact that by far the largest 
[)roportion of the representative men of this sec- 
tion of Indiana have commenced their business 
life without moneyed capital or influential friends, 
and have steadily worked their way upward un- 
til success has crowned their efforts. Such, in 
brief, is the record of the life of Samuel E. Busby, 
a prosperous agriculturist of Stony Creek Town- 
ship, Madison Country, and the owner of four 
hundred and forty-three acres of valuable land. 
Of this property one hundred acres are situated 
near Noblesville and are uuder excellent cultiva- 
tion. The successful career of Mr. Busl)y is es- 
pecially notovvorthy when we consider that at the 
time of his arrival in this county he was a poor 
man, witli only a small amount of money to in- 
vest in land. 

Before giving in detail the imi)ortant events in 
the life of our subject, some mention of his ances- 
tors will be appropriate. His grandfather, Isaac 
Busby, was of English descent, and was a mill- 
wright by trade. From North Carolina he re- 
moved to West Virginia, and thence came to In- 
diana, settling first in Wayne County, and remov- 
ing from there to Madison County, where he 
entered one hundred and sixty acres of Govern- 
ment land. A man of powerful physique, muscu- 
lar and well built, he was fitted for the pioneer 
task of developing a farm from the wilderness. 
In i)olitics he was a Whig, and in religious mat- 
ters affiliated with the Universalists. His death 
occurred in Madison County at the ripe old age of 
more than ninety years. He was the father of 

four sons and three daughters, all of whom are 

The father of our suhjpft. Thomas lUisbv. was 
born in North Carolina in ITSH.and came to In- 
diana about 1H.S2, locating on Kail Creek, whore 
he rented one hundred acres of .lonalhan Justis, a 
Quaker. He also entered oiu; half-section of land 
in Stony Creek Township, upon whicli he settled, 
spending the remaining years of his life at this 
pl.ace. His entire family aided him in the work of 
clearing .and improving the property, which be- 
came a valuable farm. Politically he was a Dem- 
ocrat until the Kansas War. after which he allili- 
ated with the Hepiiblieans. For many years he 
served as Justice of the Peace and occupied other 
positions of prominence. A man of excellent 
judgment, he was one of tiie first to take stock in 
the Big Four Railroad, and the events of i.ater 
years displayed his sound common sense in that 
regard. Careful in the investment of nu)ney, he 
was equally careful, though by no rne.ans frugal, 
in its expenditure. He inlierited one slave, liut 
gave him his liberty upon becoming of age. Fond 
of reading, he had an excellent memory and could 
relate in a most entertaining manner incidents in 
his career or events of which he had read. Prior 
to migrating to this state he resided in West Vir- 

The marri.age of Mr. I.usby, Sr., unite<l him 
with Mis» Isabella, daughter of Samuel and Eliza- 
beth Gwinn, of Greenbrier County, W. Va. To 
them were born fourteen children, of whom eleven 
attained mature years, and six are now living. 
Those who attained maturity were: .lane; ^Miriam, 
a resident of Hamilton County; Jlary; Francis; 
Andrew, who lives in Stony Creek Township, 
Madison County; Elizabeth; II.; Samuel E., 
of this sketch; Margaret, a widow; Sarah, the wife 
of .Tames Ford, and a resident of Hamilton County; 
and John, who also makes his home in Hamilton 

The subject of this notice was born in \irginia 
on the 16th of .lanuary. 1.S2H, and accompanied 
his parents to Indiana at the age of six years. In 
boyhood he attended a subscription school two 
miles from his home, and acquired a pnictical edu- 
I cation, whicli was afterward supplemented by read- 



ing and self-culture. He remained with his father 
until twenty-eight years of age, when, having ac- 
cumulated a small amount of money, lie invested 
in some property, buying fiftj'-nine acres, for 
which he paid |:600. Some improvements had 
been made on the place, and four acres were under 
the plow. Through industry and good manage- 
ment he accumulated a valuable property, adding 
to his possessions until he was the owner of four 
hundred and forty-three acres. 

The marriage of Mr. Busby united him to Miss 
Clarissa, daughter of Elisha and Mary Willets, of 
AVayne County, Ind. The only sorrow that has 
come to Mr. Busby's married life is the loss of his 
two children, both of whom died in infancy. He 
and his wife are highly esteemed throughout the 
township, and occupy a higii place in the regard 
of their many friends. They are active mem- 
bers of tlie Metiiodist Episcopal Church, in the 
support of which the}- take a prominent part. A 
Republican in politics, Mr. Busby is not an aspir- 
ant for otlice, although he has, at the request of his 
fellow-citizens, accepted numerous local positions 
of trust. During the war he was a strong anti- 
slavery man, and after the trouble in Kansas he 
changed his allegiance from the Democratic to the 
Republican party, with wliicli he has since been 

perseverance and strict integrity, than the sub- 
ject of this sketch. He is now one of the promi- 
nent young attorneys of Alexandria, Ind., and, 
being possessed of fine natural powers of oratory, 
he is regarded as one of the most pleasing, forci- 
ble and effective speakers in the county. He was 
born four miles south of Richmond, Wayne Coun- 
ty, Ind., February 3, 1861, and is the only son of 
Milton H. and Martha (Sherry) Beeson. 

The father was born in Wayne County, Ind., 
about one mile from where our subject was 

born, in the year 1826, and was the son of Isaac 
Beeson, whose birth occurred in North Carolina 
at about the time of the breaking out of the 
Revolutionary War. He descended from an old 
Quaker family of prominence and of English 
origin. Very little is known of the early liis- 
tory of tiie family, but it lias always been said 
that three brothers of that name came to America 
at an early date, one settling in Pennsylvania, 
©ne in Virginia and one in North Carolina. They 
were Quakers, and were among the most aristo- 
cratic and wealthy families in the south. Some 
of them severed their connection with the Quaker 
Church, and, engaging in the slave trade, became 
very wealthy as planters and slave-owners. 

The grandfather of our subject was greatly op- 
posed to the institution of human slavery, and, dis- 
gusted with his surroundings, sold out everything 
he had at a great sacrifice, and while he was yet 
a young man and single, started for a state where 
the institution was not lawful. He settled at 
Richmond, Ind., where in 1804 he married Miss 
Rambo. He married outside of the Society of 
Friends, and from that day he was not identified 
with the church of his forefathers. He became a 
farmer and also owned and operated three distill- 
eries on his farm, making a fortune in that way. 
During the War of 1812 he served as Captain. 
He was a man of liberal education and great exec- 
utive ability, and was a lifelong Whig in politics. 
He was three times married, and died in Wayne 
County, Ind., in 1845. He was the father of three 
sons, the second in order of birth being the father 
of our subject. The eldest son went to Michi- 
gan and became one of the most influential men 
of Cass County. He was the late Hon. Jesse G. 
Beeson, and twice served his disti-ict as State Sen- 
ator, besides holding many offices of less impor- 
tance. By occupation he was a farmer, and a ver}' 
substantial and wealthy one. He ever considered 
it his duty to care for the needy and oppressed, 
and in his religious views held strictly to the 
views of his forefathers and was a Quaker. Dur- 
ing the Civil War he took an active part in the 
underground railroad, and he has ever been an 
active politician. His death occurred in 1888. 
Manv of his descendants now live in Cass County, 



and liis son Frank, who inberitcd many of the es- 
timable qiialities of his worthy father, is a wealthy- 
f;irnier, and has held many of the local oflices 
tliere. The latter's son,Ottis, is a graduate of the 
Ypsilanti Normal School, and is one of the most 
poi)iilar young teachers in the covmty. Anotlier 
son IS a leading druggist at Three Oaks, Mich. 
Augusta, the other hrother of our subject's fatluM-, 
resides on the old homestead in AV^ayne County, 
where his father settled in 1805. He is the father 
of fourteen children, ten of whom are living. 

Milton H. Beeson, the father of our subject, mar- 
ried Miss Martha Slierry, who is the mother of our 
suliject. She is the daughter of John Slierry, who 
was also a native of Indiana, and who was a prom- 
inent and wealthy farmer and distiller in Tippeca- 
noe County, Ind. Mrs. Beeson had one brf)tiur 
and one si.Ntcr. Hit Innther, Montgomer\' Sherry, 
was a well-to-do farnu-r. He was a very popular 
man and served his c(junty as Trustee, being 
elected to that position on the Democratic ticket 
in a strong Republican township. 

Our subject was the onh'son born to his parents, 
but he had five sisters, one of whom died ^oung. 
Viola .1. was educated in the college at Rich- 
mond, Intl.; she taught school for some time, and 
is now the wife of Isiiam Sedgwick, who is a man- 
ufacturer in Richniond, hid. Corine mairied 
Russell 15. Hunt, a farmer of Randolph County, 
hid. Ina A. is the wife of William W. Miller, a 
real-estate and insurance man residing in Alexan- 
dria; and Mary J., who is single, resides at home. 

.Jesse E. Beeson remained on his father's farm 
until eighteen years of age, and received his early 
education in the public schools. At that age 
he entered DePauw University, at Clreencastle, 
where he graduated in both the law and scientific 
courses in 1888. During this time he taught 
school and was Principal of the Lynn (Ind.) High 
School in 1891. From there he came to Alexiin- 
dria, and was Principal of the High School at this 
place. At the same time he practiced his profes- 
sion, having been admitted to the Bar in 1888, in 
both the Circuit and the Supreme Courts. He gave 
111) tlie school some time ago, and has since given 
Ills whole attention to the practice of law. He 
has already attained a standing in the legal frater- 

nity, having drawn to him a good practice. He has 
appeared in several important suits, winning vic- 
tories over which older advocates (■\eii would 
exult, and which are, doubtless, only fore-run- 
ners of the accomplishments of the future. In 
politics he is a Republican, and socially he is a 
member of the Knights of Pythias and the hide- 
lieiident Order of Odd Fellow^. 

jIL^ENRY A. KEPNF.R.a proiiiiucnt citi/.en, a 
Wji generous giver in behalf of church work 
/IW^ and religious enterprise, has for over two 
(l^S^ score years been numbered with the lead- 
ing agriculturists of Noblcsville Township, Ham- 
ilton County. He is a man of sterling integrity 
and business ability and justly commands univer- 
sal confidence. A native of Pennsylvania, Mr. 
Kepner was born in Schuylkill County, October 7, 
1831, and was the son of -Jacob and Hannah 
nVill) Kepner, both natives of the (Quaker State. 
The Kepners were descendants of a long line of 
sturdy English ancestry, a branch of the family 
crossing the Atlantic and locating i)ermanenlly in 
the state of Pennsylvania in a very early day. 

The father, Jacob Kepner, likewise born in 
Schuylkill County, June i:i, 1800, was the son of 
Jacob Kepner, Sr., a man well known in his native 
state, Pennsylvania, as a citizen of energetic in- 
dustry. Reared a farmer, he engaged in agricul- 
tural pursuits, ran a hotel and teamed in Schuyl- 
kill County, and was financially prosperous in 
his various undertakings. He was thrice married, 
and became the father of twenty-five children. 
When long past middle age, the paternal grand- 
father, with his wife and younger sons and daugh- 
ters, emigrated by wagon to the far-off state of 
Indiana, and in 18.36, locating in Waj'ne County, 
bought land parti}- improved. In 1850, he with 
his family removed to Hamilton County, where 
he purchased another partly improved farm, upon 
which he passed away eight^'-two years and two 
months old. 

The father of our subject was the twenty-first 
child of the grandfather and was also reared up- 



on a farm. Before reacLiing his twentieth year 
he married Miss Hannah Will, born in Pennsyl- 
vania, June IJ), 1801, but of German parentage. 
The mother after a life of patient usefulness en- 
tered into rest upon tlie old Kepner farm, aged 
seventy-five years. Fourteen children blesse'd the 
home of the parents, of whom seven survived to 
adult age and lived to marry and rear families; 
four yet represent the circle which clustered about 
the fireside so many years ago. Henry A. Kep- 
ner spent tiie days of his boyhood upon the old 
Indiana homestead and attended the district and 
Sabbath schools, both held in the little rude log 
house, with its benches and desks fashioned from 
slabs and boards. 

Our subject was first married October 19, 1856, 
then being united witli Miss Sarah Stephens, who 
was born January 17, 1831. Mrs. Sarah Kepner 
became the mother of eight children, five of whom 
are now living. Isabelle married John Zelt, and 
had one child, now deceased; Louisa, the wife of 
E. Roberts, is the mother of four children; Ed- 
ward is in Kansas; Mahala is next in order; Adam 
married Magdalene Overdorf, and has one child. 
The worthy mother of these sons and daughters 
died upon the family homestead December 24, 
1875. A second time entering matrimonial bonds, 
Henry Kepner married Mrs. Susan Gerweig, who 
was born in Wayne County, Ind., December 10, 

Mrs. Kepner was the widow of Frederick Ger- 
weig, a native of Germany, but who was only one 
year old when with his parents he came to the 
United States. Mr. Gerweig spent the early part 
of his life in New York, but later made his home 
in Missouri, where he died aged twentj'-seven. 
He was a carpenter by trade, and was energetic 
and enterpi'ising. Mrs. Kepner bore her first 
husband two children, both of whom are deceased; 
one passed away at seven years, and the other sur- 
vived to reach five years. 

By his second marriage Mr. Kepner became the 
father of two more children, one now surviving, 
Elmer E., at home with his parents. Mrs. Kepner 
is a daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth (Miller) 
Shafer, highly respected residents of Jackf.on 
Township, Hamilton County. Immediately after 

his first marriage, our subject located ujion the 
homestead where he has resided ever since. Tlie 
forty original acres were then wild land, improved 
with a little log cabin. To the forty acres one 
hundred and twenty have been added, and the 
fertile soil, well tilled, has been brought up to a 
high state of cultivation, annually yielding an 
abundant harvest. 

Mr. Kepner for eighteen years burnt lime in 
connection with his occupation as a farmer and 
was financially prospered. Politically a Demo- 
crat, he cast his first Presidential vote for James 
Buchanan. He has taken an active part in local 
politics and held with ability various offices of 
trust. As a Supervisor he gave great satisfaction 
to his fellow-townsmen for many terms. Especi- 
ally prominent in church and Sunday-school 
work, he has long been a leading member of the 
Lutheran Church, to which his wife and children 
also belong. He has given liberally toward the 
buil^ng of both churches and schoolhouses, 
burning lime and forwarding the work in everj' 
possible manner. He is widely known thi-oughout 
Hamilton County as a sincere Christian man and 
devoted friend to educational and religious ad- 
vancement. Mr. and Mrs. Kepner occupy a posi- 
tion of useful influence and are highlj' esteemed 
by a wide circle of old-time friends and acquaint- 



ellARLES A. M( LEAD. Xo matter how dis- 
agreeable the outlook in life, or how little 
encouragement is received, there are some 
who will succeed in whatever they undertake, 
while others, placed in the same position, will 
give up in despair. Among those who have won 
universal respect by push and energy, and who are 
classed among the first in whatever they under- 
take, is the above-named gentleman. Possessed 
of all the pluck and perseverance of the native 
Pennsylvanian, he has appeared boldly at the 
front and surmounted all difficulties. His birth 
occurred in the Keystone State, February 19, 1820, 
to the union of Lewis P. and Mary (Brown) 
McLead. both natives of New Jersey, the former 



of Scotch, and the latter of English origin. There 
is comparatively little known about the grandpar- 
ents on either side. 

'J'lie paternal grandf.itlier, Kornian Mcl.e:id,was 
a native of New Jersey and a fanner by occupa- 
ticiii. Late in life he moved to Wisconsin from 
Ohio, wliere he had made iiis liome many years 
Mild (lii'd ill tlie former state. The great grand- 
fatlici- on l.he paternal side was l)(irn in Scolhind, 
and came to America before the Revolutionary 
War. Later, he started to return to his native 
country to transact some business, but tiie vessel 
he sailed in was never afterward heard fioni. Tiie 
McLead family is a long-lived one, each member 
living to be nearly a century old. In tlie year 1830 
the parents of our subject removed to Alliens 
County, Ohio, and there the father died in 1H39. 
Eleven of their thirteen children are now living, 
and Charles A., our suliject, was the seventh in or- 
der of l.irtii. 

Our suliject was sixteen years of age when lie 
started out to light his own way in life, and when 
eighteen years of age he began learning the car- 
penter's trade, following the same for about thirty 
years and erecting many buildings. Up to the 
age of twenty-six years he had traveled over 
nearly all the populated parts of the United Stales 
east of the Alleghany Mountains, and had spent 
four winters in the south, principally^ in New Or- 
leans. He could always find employment at his 
trade, no matter where he went, and having a de- 
sire for study, he thought he could gam as much 
knowledge by traveling as any other way. The 
knowledge thus gained proved of iiiueli value to 
him and fitted him for the success whi<'h has since 
crowned his efforts. In the fall of 1848 he settled 
in Marion Township, Madison County, Ind., on a 
portion of the farm he now owns. This tract now 
em braces three hundred acres, partly in Boone 
Township, and he has cleared from timberabout two 
liiiudred acres. For sixteen years he has been an 
extensive slock dealer, buying and shipping to 
eastern markets. 

On the 19th of December, 1844, he was married 
to Miss PhtBbe Carver, daughter of John and 
Polly (Wilson) Carver, natives of the Empire 
State. The Carvers arc descendants of Gov. Car- 

ver, of New York, and the father of Mrs. McLead 
was an early settler of Fayette County, Ind. To 
Mr. and Mrs. McLead were born ten children, as 
follows: Emily, now Mrs. Thomas lioyd. of Monroe 
Township, this county; Amanda, at home; Francis, 
who resides in Boone Township: Mary, widow of 
W.H.Russell, residing in Anderson; Ellen, now 
Mrs. Nathan Malian, who makes her home in Mon- 
roe Township; Newton, deceased; .and Miner, Olive, 
Martin Luther and Lucy, at home. Mr. McLead 
votes the Democratic ticket. He is a very success- 
ful farmer and a promiiient and representative 
citizen of Madison County. 

^I^ENNIS SPITZMESSER, an extensive and 
I Jjj thoroughly practical agriculturist and pros- 
jy^ perous stock-raiser of Boone Township, Jlad- 
ison County, has been identified with the growth 
and progressive interests of his iiresent locality for 
nearly two score of years and, widely known, 
is highly respected for his l)usiiie.-.s aliility and 
sterling integrity of character. Essentially a self- 
made man, winning his way upward by earnest 
and self-reliant effort, our subject is a native of 
Germany, and was born in Baden in the month of 
October, 1827. His parents, I'.eiiihard and Eliza- 
beth (Ehlinger) Spitzmesser, worthy and hard- 
working people, upright and intelligent, p.assed 
their entire lives in the Fatherland. Having faith- 
fully complied with the demands of the Govern- 
ment and attended for nine years the free schools 
of his native land, our subject, although only yet 
a child, entered at once upon his career as a bread- 
winner. His father and mother were in humble 
circumstances, and the assistance of this son was 
invaluable upon the home farm. In Germany Mr. 
Spitzmesser was trained into habits of industrious 
thrift and gained an extended knowledge of ag- 
ricultural pursuits, which well lilted him for his 
I present occupation. When his f;itlier could sjiare 
him he worked out, and thus added to the income. 
He remembers receiving employment on a railway 
in 1846, the first railw.ay he had ever seen. 

Ambitious and enterprising, our subject early 



determined to make his future residence in Amer- 
ica, but lie had arrived at twenty-five years of 
age before finally bidding adieu to home, parents, 
friends and scenes of childhood, and embarli- 
ing for the' United States. Making a safe voy- 
age across the broad Atlantic, he landed in New 
Orleans in 1852, and taking a boat at the south- 
ern metropolis, proceeded directly to St. Louis, 
Mo., from which city he soon departed to Illinois. 
For a twelvemonth he hired out as a farm laborer 
in the fields of Illinois, and then located in Indi- 
ana, settling in Madison, where he worked a sea- 
son, and then came to Boone Township, Madison 
County, and here began his career modestly as 
a laborei-. Working with unflagging industry 
at whatever he could (ind to do, he engaged in 
ditching, making rails, clearing the land, and gave 
satisfaction to all his employers. Carefully laying 
aside a portion of Ins small earnings, Mr. Spitz- 
messer at last amassed a capital, which he wisely in- 
vested in land, and in 1857, the year of purchase, 
began the cultivation of the fertile soil of Indiana 
upon his own account. Diligent, energetic, and 
possessed of keen judgment, our subject was pros- 
perous from the first, and, constantly improving 
and adding to his property, now owns three hun- 
dred and twenty acres of some of the best land 
in the state of Indiana, which annually yields an 
abundant harvest. Aside from his goodly crops 
Mr. Spitzmesser houses upon his farm some of the 
finest horses and cattle of his locality, and the 
substantial and commodious buildings, dwelling, 
barns, sheds and granary are all in fine order and 
of modern architecture. 

In the year 1858 Dennis Spitzmesser and Miss 
Elizabeth Eaker, daughter of Jacob and Mary 
Eaker, of Ohio, were united in marriage. The es- 
timable wife of our subject is of German descent, 
and is a lady of intelligent ability. The union was 
been blessed by the birth of five children, three 
sons and two daughters. Jacob E. married Henri- 
etta Fennimore and lives in Summitville; Mary 
died in December, 1892; Ida married Arthur Cart- 
wright and resides in Summitville; Adolphus and 
Carl are at home. Mr. Spitzmesser is a stanch 
Democrat and a firm believer in the party of the 
people. A i(^tiring man, he has no desire for pub- 

lic office, but well posted in local and national 
isuses, and ever ready to assist in all matters 
pertaining to the mutual welfare of the community, 
is a true and liberal-spirited citizen universally 

/^\ ISS OLIVIA C. MANLOVE is the edi- 
tor of all the papers of the "Air Line," 
including the Sheridan Enterprise, the 
Air Line News, (of Kirklin), Weatlield 
Gazette, Carmei Citizen and Broad Ripple Bea- 
con, all the outgrowth of the Kirklin News, es- 
tablished by her father, J. Manlove, in 1882, all 
of which papers she managed for her father for 
two years prior to his death in 1891. Miss JNIan- 
love received a liberal education and for sonie 
years followed the vocation for which she had 
fitted herself, namely, teaching, until upon the 
failure of her father's health she saw that both 
duty and inclination called her to a wider field of 
responsibility and usfulness. In this line of work 
she seemed to have found her natural place, and, 
manifesting a peculiar aptitude for journalism, 
she was placed by her father inlhe editorial chair. 
From that day onward, the papers under her 
guiding hand have not only prospered financially, 
but her tact and ability as a newspaper editor 
have brought them to an unprecedented degree of 
popularity. In this extensive newspaper work 
she has associated with her mother, whose maiden 
name was Alinnie Weinman, a lady of superior 
education and unusual business ability, and who 
was a native of Rhenish Bavaria. 

Her sisters, Cliffle B. and Jessie M., are both 
practical newspaper women, but upon Miss Olivia 
devolves the management of the extensive busi- 
ness of the several papers, and from her able 
pen come the stirring articles that weekly ajipear 
and to which the popularity' of the papers is so 
largely due. 

F'ormerly all the papers were edited and pub- 
lished at the Kirklin office, but of late years Sher- 
idan has been the fountain head. The marked 
success of the papers, coming as it has since Miss 


Olivia assumed the management, when taken with 
the fact that several other ne\vspa|)er enterprises 
have lifon started and closed in Sheridan, not hc- 
inj; able to compete, singh' \\<'v out a- oni' of tlu; 
few women capable of editini:- and nianaying this 
line of work successfully. 

Many ladies have held the editoiial chair in 
both city and country papers with great credit to 
themselves but tlujse of either sex who have suc- 
cessfully tilled the positions of editor-in-chief, 
financial and business manager for five papers are 
raie. Her l)rother, Elton Worth iManlove, was for- 
merly associated with her, but is now foreman for 
the Indianapolis Sciitiiiel. 



(I?SAAC V. r.rsi'.Y, who IS County Superin- 
II tendent of Schools, is (Uie of the represcuta- 
iii live citizens of Anderson, in whose success 
his fellow-townsmen take just pride. He is a 
native of Madison County, having been born 
here on the .')th of February, 180(1. He traces 
his ancestry to England, whence his great-grand- 
father, Isaac Busby, emigrated to America in an 
early day and settled in Virginia, remaining there 
until his death. Grandfather Isaac Busby was a 
native of the Old Dominion, and during the early 
days of the settlement of Indiana came hither and 
located in Madison County, becoming a pioneer of 
Fall Creek Township. There he continued to 
make his home until his death, winch occurred at 
the age of seventy-four. 

The father of our subject, Silas Busby, is a Vir- 
ginian by birth, and has resided in ISIadison Coun- 
ty since his boyhood. He married Miss Elizabeth 
McAllister, who was born near Charleston, in what 
is now West Virginia. She traces her lineage to 
England, her grandfather having been born in that 
country. The subject of this sketch is the young- 
est in a family of five children. His primary edu- 
cation was obtained in the common schools, and at 
the age of seventeen he entered the academy at 
Spiceland, Henry County, from which institution 
he was graduated in IS.Sd. after an attendance of 
three years. 

After completing the academical course, Mr. 

Busby engaged in teaching school in Madison 
County until 1887, when he entered llu' StaK; 
University at lUoomington. He was a student in 
that institution for a period of nearly four years, 
and was graduated therefrom in the Class of 'IM, 
receiving the degree of Bachelor of Arts. During 
the summer of 1890 he travelcrl through Con- 
tinental Europe, making careful study of the 
school system of Norway, Germany and l'"rance. 
He became a charter student in a post-graduate 
course in the Leland Stanford, Jr., University, and 
spent a half-year there. The remainder of I8'.i2 
was devoted to travel through the western states. 

In .lanuary, 1893, Mr. Busby was elected Coun- 
ty Su|)erintendent of Schools to fill the vacancy 
caused by the resignation of W. S. Ellis, now 
Deputy Secretary of State. On the 5111 of .lune, 
1893, he was re-elected for the ensuing regu- 
lar term. Politically he is a Deuioeiat, and has al- 
ways taken an active interest in local political af- 
fairs. He is deeply interested in educational mat- 
ters, and looks to that line of work for his future 
field of labor. 

On the 13th of October, I89:i, Mr. lUisby .-md 
Miss Florence Kemp, of Madison County, were 
united in marriage. Mrs. Busby is the daughter 
of D. W. and Leannah Kemp, residents of this 
county. As the incumbent of one of the most im- 
portant oflices in the county. .Mi-. I'.usby has ac- 
quitted himself with his usual ability and good 
judgment, and has won golden opinions for him- 
self as a painstaking official. His personal charac- 
ter is as high as his otHcial repute, and his honor- 
able deportment in all the relations of life com- 
mands the confidence of his fellow-citizens. 


l)|\'EN, one of the leadini: 

lawyers of Anderson, i> a native of An- 
derson and was born on the 8tli of Sep- 
ember, 1855, the son of (k-orge K. Diven, who 
was born in the state of Ohio and came to In- 
diana when a boy of fifteen. At the age of 
twenty-two he located at Muiicie, where he re- 
mained until 1850, when he removed to Anderson 
and resided until 1857. The same year he moved to 



Pendleton and engaged in the hardware business. 
In 1874 he retired from business and removed to 
a farm near Pendleton, where he died in 1878, at 
the age of fift3--one years. He was of Scotch-Irish 
ancestry. During his residence in Madison County 
he was one of the most enterprising Ijusiness men. 
Mr. Diven's mother was Araminta W. Silver, 
daughter of William Silver, an early settler of 
Madison County. He died in 1888, at the age of 
eighty-flve, and Mr. Diven's mother died in 1879. 
She had seven children, of whom William S. was 
the third. The others are: Dr. Charles E., of Per- 
kinsville; Mrs. Mary Campbell, widow of the late 
D. W. Campbell; James R., in the drj'-goods busi- 
ness; Anderson; Martha L., wife of H. J. Thomp- 
son, of Ogden, Utah; and Alice B., wife of David 
K. Ooss, of Heidelberg, Germany. George R. is 

William S. Diven spent his boyhood in Pendle- 
ton and received his early education in the com- 
mon schools of that place and Anderson. He 
began the study of law in 1876 and toolc a course 
of stud\' in the Albany Law School, and was grad- 
uated from Union University in 1879. He then re- 
turned to Anderson and began the practice of law 
in partnership with Hon. Charles L. Henry. This 
arrangement continued until 1881, when he went 
west. Returning to Anderson, he resumed his 
practice until 1883, when he became editor and 
proprietor of the Anderson lieview. Devoting a 
year to the newspaper business, he relinquished it 
for the law, practicing alone until January 1, 
1892, then becoming the senior partner in the firm 
of Diven <fe McMahan, which Brm still continues. 
Mr. Diven is a Democrat and renders his party 
much valuable service on the stump during the 

Upon the discovery of natural gas in Anderson, 
Mr. Diven became associated with other citizens 
in the organization of a Board of Trade for the 
promotion of the material interests of the city, and 
became a Director. The efforts of the Board were 
successful in locating many factories. Together 
with Charles L. Henry and Thomas J. McMahan, 
Mr. Diven platted Oak Grove, one of the first new 
additions to Anderson. He afterward platted 
Walnut Hill and Arlington Additions, both of 

which have been built over. He owns two mag- 
nificent farms in the county. Mr. Diven is a mem- 
ber of Mt. Moriah Lodge, A. F. & A. M., Ander- 
son Lodge, K. of P., and is also an Odd Fellow. 
On the 18th of December, 1882, Mr. Diven was 
married to Miss Laura M. McConnell, of Ander- 
son, _j;he daughter of James H. McConnell, who 
died in 1882. They have four children: John, 
Edith, Albert and Mary E. As a lawj'er, he is 

I thorouglily grounded in the philosophy of the 
law, being both an able pleader and advocate, and 

I may be termed one of the ablest all-round law- 
yers in this part the state of Indiana. 

ijr^ji Examiner of the Noblesville Pension Board 
'J^)^ and a prominent practitioner of Olio, Ham- 
l^ ilton County, was born in Jackson Town- 
ship, Hancock County, February 4, 1848. He is 
one of a family of seven children, all now living, 
the others being: Ellison W., a resident of Judge- 
sonia. Ark.; Talitha, the widow of William Cald- 
well, late of Missouri; Isaac B., of Greenfield, Ind.; 
Riley P., who makes his home in Blackford County, 
this state; Vinton A., of Greenfield; and Jennie, 
wife of George W. Crider, and a resident of Green- 

The father of our subject, Andrew Smith, was a 
Virginian by birth, having been born in the Old 
Dominion in 1818. At the age of about ten years 
he accompanied the other members of the family 
to Ohio, and six years afterward moved to Indiana, 
settling in Hancock Country. There, in 1840, he 
was united in marriage to Miss Sarah Fitzpatrick, 
a native of Virginia and a daughter of Isaac Fitz- 
patrick, who was born and reared in the Old Do- 
minion, engaging in farming pursuits there until 
his death, at the advanced age of ninetj'-two. 

After his marriage Andrew Smith settled upon 
a farm in Jackson Township, Hancock County, 
where he spent his remaining years upon a farm. 
An earnest Christian, he was deeply interested in 
church work, and was for many years an active 
and iiiHuential member of the Methodist Ciiurch, 


dying in tliat faith at the age of seventy-five. 
His widow is still living, and lesidos upon the old 
honu'stead in .Tackson Township. The gtandfather 
iif our subject, Benjamin Smith, was lioiii in ^'i^- 
liiiiia and migrated to Ohio at an early day. spend- 
ing the later years of his life in this stale. 

In Hancock County the subject of this sketch 
resided until he was twenty-five, meantime attend- 
ing the common schools of that county and the 
graded schools of Greenfield. He began the study 
of medicine and surgery at Fortville, under Dr. J. 
G. Stewart, of that place, remaining there for two 
years. He then entered the Medical College of 
Indiana, at Indianapolis, graduating from that in- 
stitution in 1881. He commenced the practice of 
his profession in Marion County, where he re- 
mained for nearly five 3-ears. removing thence to 
Olio. Hamilton County, and otaMi-liiiig himself 
ill jiractice at this place, where he has since con- 
ducted a successful practice. 

As a result of his devotion to the demands of 
his profession, as well as Ins interest in all that 
makes for the advancement of the community and 
county in which he lives, the l^oetor has gained 
the confidence of the people to an uncommon de- 
gree. His practice extends to the four counties of 
Marion, Hancock, Madison and Hamilton, and 
throughout tliis entire district he is regarded as a 
physician unsurpassed in the diagnosis of cases, 
and knowledge of specific remedies to be applied 
in the treatment of disease. In .September, 1893, 
lie was appointed by President Cleveland Medical 
Kxaminer to the Noblesville Pension Board. 

Socially, Dr. Smith is a member of the Hamilton 
County Medical Society, the State Medical Society 
and the American Medical Association, and in 
1893 attended the meeting of the last-named or- 
ganization at Milwaukee, Wis. In early life he 
W.1S identified with .Sardis Lodge No. 2a3, F. &. A. 
M., and is now a member of Hamilton Lodge, at 
Fisher's Switch. In politics he has always been a 
stanch Deiiiocral. honest and fearless in his defense 
of the principles of his party, but not a i)olitician 
ill any sense. He is a consistent and active mem- 
ber of the I'nited Brethren Cliuich of Fall Creek 

In 1870 the Doctor married Miss Sarah Allen. 

of Hancock County, who died in tlie spri 
1881, leaving four children: Ona M.. Art .1.. 
^L and Mabel. In the fall of 1883 Dr. Smit 
united in marriage with Miss Lizzie S., dan 
of Solomon and Rachel (McKenzie) Cn 
prominent residents of Fall Creek Towi 
Mrs. Smith was born in Marion County, tliis 
but has spent the greater part of her life in 
ilton County, where she enjoys the esteem ( 
large circle of acriuaintances. 


AMP:S havens DEIIORITY, the efficient 
President of the First National Bank of El- 
wood, is a i)rosperoiis and public-spirited 


the best interests of his liome city and togeth- 
er with his son erected the large and handsome 
business block now beautifying the corner of 
Main and Anderson Streets and testifying to the 
upward progress of a self-made man, who by his 
energy has self-reliantly won his iii)ward way to a 
position of assured success and useful influence. 
He has been identified from his birth with the his- 
tory of the state and county, and was born near 
Perkinsville, November 10, 18 11, and the 
third in the family of four children who blessed 
the union of .James Madison and Susanna (Hoff- 
man) Dehority. The brothers are in order of 
their birth: William B., who died in infancy; 
.lohn Weslej', who died in; .lames Havens, 
our subject; and Joseph, who died in childhood. 

.lames Madison, the father, was born in Delaware 
in 1818, and in 1836. journeying by stage, came to 
Indiana, and settled in Waterloo, where he began 
working at the trade of a blacksmith, and spent ten 
busy years at this occupation. At the expiration of a 
half score of years the father removed to Madison 
County, and locating near Perkinsville, remained 
there for the five succeeding years, during which 
time he commenced the study of medicine. 

The father, who was strong in the Methodist 
faith, also preached the Gospel and was foremost 
in good works. In December, 1856, he removed 
with his wife and family to Elwood, tlien (Jiiincy. 



The place at that time was only a cross-road 
hamlet and gave but little promise of its future 
prosperity. On arriving in Quincy, the father en- 
g.-iged in business first as a druggist, and later 
branched out into general trade. In 1858 he also 
went into the grain business, in which he was soon 
after joined by his two sons, the firm being J. M. 
Dehority & Sons. John Wesley, a young man 
of great promise, was one of the members of the 
firm and died in the month of August, 1881. In 
January, 1882, tlie previous business was discon- 
tinued and J. M. and J. H. Dehority organized the 
Farmers' Bank. James Madison Dehority entered 
into rest July 18, 1890, aged seventy-two years, 
and was universally mourned as a public loss. 
From the year 1847, although always variously oc- 
cupied, lie practiced medicine more or less, and be- 
ing a man of genuine talent and superior business 
attainments, commanded the esteem and confidence 
of all who knew him. A pioneer citizen, a noble 
Christian man, and a sincere friend and kind 
neighbor, the memory of James M. Dclionty will 
long endure in the hearts of all his fellow-towns- 
men and old acquaintances. 

Our subject continued in the banking business 
until January 1, 1892, when the bank was merged 
into the First National Bank of Elwood, of which 
John R. Page was the first President and Mr. De- 
hority Vice-President. At the expiration of a 
twelvemonth our subject became President and 
has with executive ability held the office ever 
since. The Dehority family have materially aided 
in the rapid development of Elwood and when the 
Lake Erie and Western Railroad Company pro- 
posed connecting with the cit\- he did more toward 
effecting the favorable termination of the enterprise 
than any other of the residents of the town. The 
magnificent building of J. II. Dehority & Son, at 
the corner of Main arnd Anderson Streets, is a bus- 
iness centre, the ground floor of the immense block 
accommodating the First National Bank, the City 
Treasurer's Office, the Western Union Telegraph 
OtficG, a large store and the Elwood Postolfice*. 
Upon the second floor there are a number of well 
lighted and conveniently arranged offices. Mr. 
Dehority has erected for himself two separate res- 
idences and other dwellings. His beautiful Main 

Street residence is most attractive in finish and 
design and is an ornament to the city. 

April 16. 1871, were united in marriage James 
Havens Dehority and Miss Jane Hannah, a native 
of Butler County, Ohio, and an accomplished and 
most estimable lady. F'our surviving children 
now brighten the beautiful home. Joseph A. is 
a Director and Cashier of the First National Bank. 
Edward C. is also connected with the bank. Tillie 
M. and Edith lone are receiving their education 
and are at home with their parents. The sons and 
daughters intelligent and cultured, are favorites 
with a large circle of life-time friends, and 
have enjoyed every opportunity to worthily fit 
themselves for any position of reponsibility to 
which they may be called. 

Mr. Dehority was long a valued member of the 
School Board, from 1876 to 1888 giving valuable 
service in the promotion of the educational in- 
terests of Elwood and vicinity. He virtually 
built the first school building in the city and gave 
an impetus to the rapid advancement in scholar- 
ship and instruction. Since 1860 our subject has 
been an influential member of tiie Methodist 
Episcopal Church, and for a number of years a 
Superintendent of the Sunday-school assisted in 
building up a large attendance. He materially 
aided in the erection of the church and parsonage 
and from the first of his identification with the 
denomination has been a liberal giver and fore- 
most in good work. Mr. Dehority, financially 
prospered, is likewise President of the Street Rail- 
way Company, and as a citizen and man of busi- 
ness is the embodiment of ambitious enterprise and 
energetic efficiency. 

\|^OBERT IL HANNAH, capitalist and fiiian- 
Inl pier, a man of broad intelligence and execu- 
^ '|l five ability, widely known as a leading fac- 
tor in the rapid development of the city of 
Alexandria, is a public spirited citizen, and having 
prosperously won his upward way to a position of 
honored influence, and possessing an abundant 
competence, liberally aids in all matters of mutual 
welfare. Mr. Hannah is a native of the st.ite and 


was born near Milton, SoiUember 1, 1830. Ilis 
father, Abram G. Hannah, born in 17'.t.j, was a na- 
tive of Pennsylvania and the son of James Han- 
nah, an Irishman by birth. The paternal grand- 
father emigrated to the I'nited States with his 
parents when a child, and with his family located 
in the ()uaker State. Ipon the death of the 
paternal great-grandfather and great-grandmother, 
the grandfather in an early day made his home in 
the farthei vtest, becf)niing one of the pioneers of 
Ohio. He later moved to AVayne County, Ind., 
where he died more than half a century ago, at 
eighty years of age. In middle life uniting with 
the (Quaker Church, he became a leader in the 
faith and remained true to its principles up to the 
day of his death. The father of our subject had 
three brothers and three sisters, and was the third 
in the family of seven ehildren. William was a 
prominent attorney of La Porte, Ind.; iVIargaret 
married a Mr. Dyer, but soon after passed away; 
Samuel wa> a leading merchant of Centreville; 
Hugh L. was a successful general agriculturist; 
Mary became the wife of Elisha Willets, a i)ros- 
perous farmei-, and had a large family who are now 
scattered, residing in various locations of the coun- 
try; Anna married in middle life, but had nochil- 

Tlie father of our subject was a man of liberal 
education, and taught school in his early life dur- 
ing the winter and fanned in summer. In 1837, 
he engaged in mercantile business at Milton, Ind., 
and later had branch stores in other places. In 
ISH), with the tide of westward emigration, the 
father crossed the plain.s, and for some time pros- 
pected and mined in California, but not meeting 
with great success, returned to Indiana. The 
growing gold excitement, however, tempted him 
again to the Pacific Coast, but finally he came back 
to Indiana, and in 1867 passed away at tlie home 
of our subject. The mother, Mary (Hayes) Han- 
nah, born in Wayne County, Ind., April 18, 1808, 
was the daughter of Robert Hayes, an Indiana 
pioneer, born March 20, 1776. She was united in 
marriage with the father March 6, 1828. January 
2'.i, 1829, a son, James, was born, but died when 
aliout fifteen years old. Mrs. Mary (Hayes) Han- 
nah had but one other child, our subject, Robert, 

whose birth she s 
father married tw 
ond wife had twi 
daiiiihter and on 

vived only oi 
• after her dea 
ions and one 
son died vol 

a. Th 

brother, Josephus, attained to manhood, but en 
listing during the Civil War in the Nineteenth In- 
diana Regiment, died during the service. By the 
third marriage there were two half-sisters. (Jiie of 
whom died at twelve years of age. Sarah inanicii 
Mr. Willetts, and is now a resident (»f St. Louis. 
Mr. Hannah and this half-sister are the sole repre- 
sentatives of the father now living. After the 
death of the mother, our subject liv<'d with an 
uiu-le until his father manic! a.y.Min. 

.Ml. Hannah, remaining in boyliood on a farm, 
was educated in Milton and Dublin, Ind., and 
when he was fifteen years old began to learn the 
saddler's trade. In 18411, nineteen years of age, 
he located in Alexandria, and in company with 
another young man started a harness slio|). He 
remained in this business until lM.").s. In ij-ifjo 
were united in marriage Robert 11. Hannah and 
Miss Caroline Scott, daughter of \\'illiaiii T. Scott 
and sister of Daniel M. Scott, now (jnc of Ihc 
wealthiest men in Alexandria. Our sal)ject and 
his estimable wife were v^'eddcd on the same lot 
where they now live, and where the father of Mrs. 
Hannah had resided so many years before. After 
his marriage removing with his wife to Independ- 
ence, Mr. Hannah clerked in a store three years, 
and in 1863 again made his home in Alexandria, 
from that time until 1871 devoting himself to the 
mercantile business in the latter city. He was 
later, for a year and a-half, engaged in the mercan- 
tile business in ElwootL In 1874 elected Clerk of 
Madison County, our subject with aliilit\ dis- 
charged the duties of the office four years, and 
then, although urged to accept the position again, 
refused to do so, and for three years resided in 
Anderson to give his children the advantages of 
an education there attainable. He the owner 
of a valuable farm near Alexandria, and profitably 
eng.aged in the stock business. Returning to .\lex- 
andria and the mercantile trade, Mr. Hannah was 
instrumental in putting down the first gas well in 
the county, and through his earnest efforts in 
securing the establishment of the first factory lo 



cated in Alexandria, the earlj' boom of the city 
was in a great measure due. Our subject built the 
first brick block in the town after the discovery of 
gas, and lias been one of the prominent promoters 
of the vital interests of the city. All of the build- 
ings he has erected in Alexandria would do credit 
to a much larger place, and one block has seven 
capacious store rooms. 

Mr. Hannah is one of the owners of tlie Alex- 
andria National Bank Building, and is also one of 
the owners of the "3 H" Block, built by our sub- 
ject, Senator Harlan and C. F. Heratage, Cashier 
of tlie Alexandria National Bank. Mr. Hannah 
was one of four who erected the magnificent 
opera house, at a cost of §25,000, and was one 
of the parties who organized the Alexandria 
National Bank, of which he remains a valued Di- 
rector. He is one of the proprietors of the gas 
well which furnishes Alexandria with itslightand 
fuel, and there are few if any of the large enter- 
prises of the city with which our able subject has 
not been connected. Mr. Hannah, who is literally 
a self-made man, winning his own way upward to 
a high position of useful influence, is a financier of 
executive ability, and undoubtedly the wealth- 
iest capitalist now interested in the upward 
growth and extended progress of Alexandria. 
Possessing unlimited faith in the town, he has 
with judgment invested his money here, sure of an 
abundant return in the near future. Mr. Hannah 
is fraternally one of the prominent Masons of the 
state, and joined the order when twenty-two years 
of age. He assisted in organizing the lodge at 
Alexandria in 1856, and was its first, and is now 
its present. Master, and is also High Priest of the 
Chapter. He is a Knight Templar and a Scottish 
Bite M.ason, and is an enthusiastic and valued 
member of the honored order. Politically, early a 
Whig, he later voted for Douglas, and has ever 
since voted the Democratic state and national 
ticket, but IS independent in local politics. 

Mr. and Mrs. Hannah are the parents of six 
children. The eldest son, William S., a live-stock 
dealer of Kansas City, Kan., is married and has 
two children, Catherine and Robert. The eldest 
daughter, Minnie, married J. W. Malone, a con- 
tractor in Alexandria, and has two children, Rob- 

ert and Caroline. Vivia, married to J. B. Clark 
and residing in Anderson, has two children, Victor 
and Ruth. Etta, wife of S. G. Phillips. Assistant 
Cashier of the Alexandria National Bank and a 
large property owner, has one son, Robert. The 
other two children of our subject and his excel- 
lent wife died in childhood. Mr. Hannah with 
his wife resides in an elegant home on Harrison 
Street, where their many friends meet a cordial wel- 
come. Making excellent use of tlie fortune which 
he has gained, and ever ready to lend a helping 
hand in good work and matters of mutual wel- 
fare, our subject commands the esteem of all who 
know him, and in every duty of lifeas a neigiibor, 
citizen and man of wealth, has made an enviable 
record, of which his family aiul friends may well 
be proud. 


y^, RS. REBECCA JOHNSTON, an honored 
pioneer settler of Indiana and a lady of 
high ability and worth, long a resident of 
section 9, Anderson Township, Madison 
County, -is the widow of Robert J. Johnston, a 
native of Indiana, widely known and highly 
esteemed, and from the early daj'S numbered 
among tlie successful agriculturists of the state. 
Mrs. Johnston, a native of Preble County, Ohio, 
was born December 31, 1832. Her parents, Ja- 
cob and Mary E. (Ilgen) Bower, were natives of 
tlie fartiier e.ast, Jacob Bower having been born 
in tlie state of Pennsylvania while tiie birthplace 
of tlie mother was in New Jersey. The maternal 
ancestors were of German origin an<| bequeathed to 
their various descendants the virtues of energy, 
thrift and industry which materially aided them 
up the pathway of life to assured success. When 
our subject was about nine months old, her father 
and mother with their family removed to Indiana, 
and located in Randolph County, their home for 
a number of years. They later came to Madison 
County and settled in Anderson Township, when 
Mrs. Johnston was a little girl ten years old. The 
father surviving his change of residence but a 
twelvemonth, the bereaved mother reiurned with 
our subject to her old friends in Randolph County, 


wliere tl)e widow made her lionie and tenderly 
reared her daughter Rebecca. 

Our subject received lier education in tlie little 
lojj schoolhouse of those primitive days, and al- 
though she had only limited opportunities for 
gaining book knowledge, through her keen habits 
of observation and reading, materially added to 
her fund of valuable information. Trained by 
hi'r careful and prudent mother into the ways of 
the household, Mrs. .Toimston reached adult age 
capable, earnest and self-reliant and w:is well 
Htted to care for a home wlicu she (inally em- 
barked in matrimony. 

I'pon January 21, 1853, were united in mar- 
riage, Robert J. Johnston and Miss Rebecca Uower, 
the newly made husband and wife receiVing the 
hearty best wishes of many friends. Mr. John- 
ston, a native of Indiana and the .son of Isaac and 
Mary Johnston, located with his parents in Ander- 
son Township, Madison County, when only a small 
lad, his father and mother being numbered among 
the pioneers of the county. Unto our subject 
and her worthy husband were born two children: 
Mary E., wife of M. Iluntzinger; and Henjamin F. 
iMr. Johnston continued a resident of Madison 
County until his death, upon September 12, 
I8r)i». A liberal-spirited citizen and a Christian 
man of sterling integrity, he was deeply mourned 
by all who knew him. For many years a faithful 
member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and 
an earnest and conscientious Class-leader, he 
ever strove to do his duty as a loving husliand 
and father, a kind neighbor, sincere friend and 
upright citizen, and when he entered into rest was 
regretted as a public loss. 

Mrs. Johnston is a valued member of the Meth- 
odist Protestant Church, and during her entire 
life, since arriving at adult age, has been known 
as a Christian worker, active in benevolent enter- 
prises and deeds of charity. Leading a life of 
busy usefulness from her early years, and doing 
unto others as she would lie done by, our subject 
has niiiny sincere friends, and in the evening of 
her da^'s enjoys a well earned rest. She is the 
owner of seventy-six and two-thirds acres of 
highly cultivated land and continues her residence 
upon the old homestead endeared to her li\- manv 

memories of the past. A son, lienjainlii F., and a 
daughter, Mary E., make their home with their 
motlier and actively engage in the duties of the 
farm. .Mr. Johnston, a sturdy Democrat, together 
with his wife took a vital interest in both local 
and national issues, and few men are better posted 
in the current affairs of the day than our subject, 
who has endeavored all her life to keep fully 
abreast of the times in so far as was consistent 
with her home life and duties. 

;ADE P. BUSBY. This descendant of one 
of the oldest as well as most proniiiient of 
Madison County's families, is an cnter- 
l)rising business man of Lapel, aiui the pro[jrietor 
of as complete a general store as has ever been the 
pleasure of the writer to inspect. The stock car- 
ried, the artistic display of the goods and the gen- 
eral air of thrift which surround.s it, and its genial 
proprietor, make clear the cause of the vast amount 
of business which is transacted within its walls. 
Through courtesy in dealings and reliability' in 
every transaction, Mr. Busby has gained the name 
of being an honorable and capable business man, 
and justly possesses the confidence of all with 
whom he is brought in contact. 

The father of our subject, Isaac A. Busby, was 
born and reariMl in \irginia, 1826 being the year 
of his birth. Ivirly in manhood he emigrated to 
Indiana and settled in Madison County, of which 
he remained a citizen during the balance of his 
life. As a 3'oung man he was in rather poor cir- 
cumstances financially, and entirely (h'pcndcnt 
upon his own resources. He was a f'Minier by oc- 
cupation, and during his brief career accumulated 
some property, although his liberality was so 
great that he never became wealthy, notwithstand- 
ing the fact that Dame Fortune was his friend. 
Politically he IS a Republican, faithful in his de- 
votion to his chosen parl\-. lie was an earnest 
member of the Methodist Episcopal Church at 
T>apel. His death occurred in 1878, when he was 
in life's prime, being fifty-two years of age. 

Sarah Conrad, as the mother of our subject was 



known in maidenhood, is a sister of the well- 
known David Conrad, and a daughter of Charles 
Conrad, a sketch of whom appears within these 
pages. She still survives (1893), and is a resident 
of Lapel. In her home she was devoted to the 
welfare of her husband and children, there l)eing 
si.x of the latter, as follows: Missouria, the wife of 
Frank Woodward, a prominent resident of Lapel; 
JMary .1., who makes her home in Lapel; Ida, who 
is married and resides in Greenfield, Ind.; Milton, 
a druggist of Lapel; James A., a farmer residing 
in Stony Creek Township; and our subject. 

In .Stony Creek Township, Madison County, 
tlie subject of this notice was born on the 27th of 
January, 1861. He was reared on a farm, and 
was the recipient of such educational advantages 
as the really excellent schools of his community 
afforded. His boyhood was passed in a manner 
similar to that of farmer lads in comfortable 
homes, and included the superior physical and 
mental development so necessary in the successful 
pursuits of mankind. Having saved a small 
amount of money, lie embarked in the mercantile 
business in 1886. Beginning with a small capital, 
by careful management, honesty and energy, he 
soon enlarged his business, until to-day he con- 
ducts a large and successful establishment, as stated 
in the commencement of this sketch. He not only 
enjoys the confidence of his business and social ac- 
quaintances, but their respect and esteem as well. 
In politics he is a Republican. 

ELM ON (1 
man nov 
'' running 

iLMON (1. VERNON, a prominent business 
low extensively handling grain and 
the City Elevator at Anderson, 
Madison County, is financiall3' interested in va- 
rious enterprises, and for two years has been oper- 
ating the stone quarry at Alexandria, the output 
averaging over one hundred yards, or about one 
hundred and fifty tons of stone per day. Mr. 
Vernon has spent his entire life in his present lo- 
cality, and was born in Anderson, October 24, 
184 6. His father, Lewis R. Vernon, was a native 
of the old (Quaker State, but early in life emigrated 

from PennS3'lvania to Indiana, and settled in 
Anderson village. He engaged in mercantile pur- 
suits and, a man of upright character and enter- 
prise, for a number of terms ably discharged the 
duties of Deputy Sheriff. He died in Anderson, 
at about fifty years of age, regretted by all who 
knew him. His good wife, and mother i.f our sub- 
ject, Margaret (Parsons) Vernon, was a native of 
Pennsylvania and a woman of ability and worth. 

Elmon G. Vernon, the youngest of the six chil- 
dren who blessed the home of the parents, is the 
only one of the family now living. He received 
the advantages of a common-school education and 
attained to mature age manly and self-reliant. 
He first started in business for himself as a truck- 
man and continued in this occupation for two 
years. He then went into the lime business, which 
he has conducted prosperously for twenty-six 
3'ears in connection with other lines of work. 
He has been interested in the purchase and sale of 
grain for seven years, and aside from the demands 
made upon his time b}^ the stone quarry and ele- 
vator, he gives his personal attention to the real- 
estate business. He owns a fine addition in 
Florida, where he is locating factories and has 
about five hundred lots, two and a-half miles from 
the city, the prospect of future development and 
advanced values now being excellent. 

In the month of November, 1870, Elmon G. 
Vernon and Miss Katie Clark, of Anderson, were 
united in marriage. Mrs. Katie Vernon was the 
adopted daughter of B. A. Clark, a grain merchant 
and later a railroad man. This excellent lady 
died in 1885, leaving to the care of her husband 
four young children: Charles W., Margaret May, 
Loretta R., Ethel Gale. A second time entering 
the bonds of wedlock, our subject in 1886 married 
Anna Sloan, of Bellefontaine, Ohio, an accom- 
plished lady and the youngest child of Dr. A. Sloan. 
Two children have been born unto this union; 
Ella Belle and Earle Lewis. Mr. Vernon is a life 
long Republican and an ardent advocate of his 
party principles. He has likewise been fraternally 
associated with the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows of Anderson for the past quarter of a 
century and was also one of the charter members 
in the organization of the Independent Order of 


m^w^ "^ 

^^ /ft^i^i^A^^u^^ 



Red Men, the Anderson Lodge being one of the 
strongest and most prosperous in tiie state. 

For many 3'ears a valued member of these so- 
cieties, our subject has gained numerous friends 
among tlie two orders and is universally recog- 
nized as a representative citizen and a man uf .su- 
perior ability. Mr. Vernon has unaided won ins 
way to an assured position of inHuence and pros- 
perity and ranks to-day as one the most successful 
and tiiorouglily practical business men of Ander- 

J'OIIN HINSHAW. Since 1851 this gentle- 
man has been numbered among the leading 
farmers and representative men of Hamil- 
ton County, where he owns one of the 
finest farms in Washington Townshi|). Beginning 
his career in this locality with but very little capi- 
tal, he lias with ability and energetic enterprise 
worked his way to assured success. IIo is a 
nutivo of the "sunny south," and was Ixirn in 
Kandolpli County, N. C, May 2, \»2A. His par- 
ents, Tristrum and Martha (Hinshaw) Hinsliaw, 
were natives of the Old Tar State and descend- 
ants of industrious and highly respected ancestors, 
wild earl}' made their home in North Carolina. 
'I'lic paternal grandfather, Thomas Hinshaw, was 
born in Ireland, and in his youth learned tiie 
trade of a weaver. Wiien a young man lie crossed 
the ocean and established his home in the south, 
(nandfatlier .John Hinshaw was born and reared 
uiion the old Stokes County homestead, and in 
early life engaged in farming in North Carolina. 
Later he removed to Indiana, journeying by team 
to INIorgan County, of which lie was a jiioneer 
farmer. He entered with zeal upon the work df 
reclaiming the land from its wild comlitioii, and 
cleared, cultivated and improved his broad acreage. 
Surviving to an advanced age, he witnessed the 
wonderful development of the state from a com- 
parative wilderness to the abode of a contented 
and prosperous people. The father, also a life- 
long farmer, lived and died in Randolph County, 
N. C. He enjoyed few educational advantages, 
and was a diligent, industrious man, who left be- 

hind him the record of an earnest and ui)riglit 

When about twenty-one years of age, Tristrum 
Hinshaw married RLartha, daughter of Thomas and 
Rebecca Hinshaw, natives respectively of Ireland 
and North Carolina, the latter having been about 
ten years old at the time the Revohitionar\- War 
was raging most lierceiy. I'nli) the miioii of the 
parents there were horn eleven children, all of 
whom survived to adult age. tlolin, our subject, 
was the eldest of the family. Then followed in 
order of birth, Mahala, Thomas, Isaac N., Stephen, 
Lydia, Rebecca, Jessie, Hannah, Martha ,1. and 
Nathan. John and Lydia are the only iiicinbers 
of the family who make their home in IndiaiiM, 
the other brothers and sisters having rciiKiincd in 
North Carolina. 

The father at one time owned over three hun- 
dred acres in Randolph County, N. ('., and was 
esteemed a man of substance. He was a devout 
member of the Friends' Church. He attained 
three-score years and ten, and then passed peace- 
fully away. The mother was fairly well educated, 
and was a woman of high principle and steadfast 
purpose, a devoted wife and mother, uniformly 
kind to neighbors and acquaintances, and univer- 
sally beloved. .She was almost seventy years old 
when she entered into rest. iJke her husband, 
she was a member of the Friends' Church, and was 
known for her good works and deeds of charity. 

Our subject remained with his parents until 
twenty-one, and in the meantime assisted his 
father in the conduct of the farm, and attended 
the little subscription school of the neighborhood. 
Soon after beginning life for himself he was 
united in marriage with Miss Sal lie. daughter of 
Isaac and Rebecca (Robbins) Commons, all natives 
of North Carolina. The home of our subject and 
his wife has been brightened by the birth of nine 
children, one of whom died in infancy. The eight 
surviving are, Isaac N., Thomas N., Martha J., 
Andrew T., Dougan C, Asenath, Lydia A. and 
William E., all of whom are married and have 
homes of their own. After his marriage our sub- 
ject spent about six years in North Carolina en- 
gaged in the pursuit of agriculture, and then 
removed to Indiana, locating in Hamilton County, 


in 1851. At first he cultivated rented land, buT; 
four years later bought eighty acres in AVashing- 
ton Township, where he now resides. 

To the original eighty, Mr. Hinshaw since 
added, as his finances permitted, and finally accu- 
mulated one hundred and sevent}'-one acres of 
valuable land. He owns at present one hundred 
and twelve acres of as fertile land as can be found 
in Wasliington Township, his homestead being 
finely cultivated and well improved with sub- 
stantial and attractive buildings. The land is 
worth at least -$7.5 per acre. Like his forefathers, he 
is a valued member of the Society of Friends, and 
is known as a man of sterling integrity. Politic- 
ally, he is a Republican and a true American citi- 
zen. He is liberal spirited, yet earnest in the per- 
formance of every duty of life as a parent, hus- 
band, friend and neighbor. He and his excellent 
wife are highly esteemed and possess the confi- 
dence of all who know them. 

felLLIAM H. BARNES. The flourishing 
village of Florida contains among its rep- 
resentative business establishments the 
general store conducted by Mr. Barnes, which is 
stocked with a full and complete assortment of 
dry goods, notions, boots and shoes, hats and 
caps, groceries and hardware. As a business man, 
the proprietor has gained the confidence of the 
entire community, and occupies a prominent posi- 
tion among the successful merchants of Madison 
County. He carries a stock of general merchan- 
dise, valued at about 11700, and his sales aggre- 
gate about $6,000 annually. 

In addition to his mercantile interest, Mr. 
Barnes is serving as Postmaster at Florida, and is 
agent for the Pan Handle Railroad Company and 
the Adams Express Comjjany. He is a native of 
Madison County, and was born on the 13th of 
September, 1860. His parents, John and Ursilla 
Barnes, were natives of England, the former of 
■whom emigrated to America about 1859, locating 
in New York State, and after a short sojourn there 
removed to Indiana. After a short residence in 

Fayette County, he came to Madison County, 
where for a number Of years he engaged in farm- 
ing and contracting. Through energy and indus- 
try, he was enabled to acquire a competency, and 
became recognized as one the public-spirited and 
progressive men of this county. 

Retiring from agricultural pursuits, Mr. Barnes 
embarked in the manufacture of tile, and con- 
ducted a large and profitable business in that line, 
his factory being located one .and one-half miles 
east of the village of Florida. He remained thus 
engaged for several years, gaining an enviable rep- 
utation as a successful and enterprising manu- 
facturer. When he departed this life, December 
14, 1891, he was mourned by a large circle of ac- 
quaintances, to whom his manly qualities had en- 
deared him. Especially was his loss felt in the 
home circle and by his intimate friends and asso- 
ciates, to whom his deatli was a personal bereave- 

In the public schools of Madison County, Will- 
iam H. Barnes received a practical education, which 
prepared him for an active business life. t)n at- 
taining manhood, he entered upon a mercantile 
career, and has since carried on an ever-increasing 
trade with the residents of Florida, as well as the 
farmers of the surrounding country. Under the 
administration of President Cleveland, he was ap- 
pointed Postmaster in 1893 and is at present the 
incumbent of that office. He is a stanch Demo- 
crat, and prominent in the political affairs of the 
village, being at present a member of the Demo- 
cratic Township Committee. In his social allilia- 
tions, he is identified with the Improved Order of 
Red Men. 

Upon embarking in business for himself in 1890, 
Mr. Barnes was for a time associated with S. G. 
Bevelhimer, with whom he was in partnership for 
two months. Mr. Bevelhimer disposing of his in- 
terest in the business, William Rank entered the 
firm, and for nine months the enterprise was con- 
ducted under the firm title of Barnes & Rank, 
since which time our subject has been the sole 
owner of the establishment. He is meeting with 
deserved success, and ranks among the most pro- 
gressive and popular .young men of the county. 
He has a comfortable residence in Florida, pre- 



sided over by the lady with whom lie was united 
in marriage April 26, 1883, and who was formerly 
f>mnia Lawrence, of El Dorado, Oliio. 

ILLIAM C. MORRIS, a native of Indiana, 
I a son and urandson of picneer settlers of 


^^ the state, is a man of fine business ability, 
widely known and highly respected. He now con- 
ducts a well improved farm of two hundred and 
forty acres in Washington Township, Hamilton 
County. His parents, .lohn and Mary (Miller) 
Morris, were both natives of Kentucky, and the 
paternal grandfather was born in Virginia. Great- 
grandfather Morris, an energetic and enterprising 
Irishman, emigrated when a young man to 
Americva, and located in the Old Dominion in a 
very early da3'. The grandfather, William Morris, 
married Miss Pollie Beecham, who became the 
mother of seven children, all of whom lived to old 
age. John, the father of our subject, was the 
eldest; then followed, William, Jessie, Jackson, 
Mary, Nancy, Hattie. 

The grandfather, removing from the south to 
Indiana, entered two hundred and forty acres in 
Kusli County, wliere part of the town of Rush- 
viUe now stands. He was an extensive proi)erty 
owner, holding over three thousand acres of 
land in Indiana and Illinois. Two years after 
the grandfather settled permanently in Rush 
County, the father also came to Indiana, and 
bought two hundred and forty acres near Rush- 
ville. After a time the grandfather moved with- 
in easy distance of Terre Haute, and passed away 
near Paris, 111., aged about seventy-five years. A 
man ol business sagacity and executive ability, he 
had acquired great wealth and was respected for 
his qualities of head and heart. The grand motiier, 
a genuine pioneer woman, lived to reach eighty- 
two years, and died near Rusliville, beloved by all 
wlu. knew her. 

The fallier c<mtiiiued to make liis residence in 
Rush County until his death. He Iia.l only very 
limited book knowledge, but. a self-ina<ie man of 
excellent iudginent and a keen calculator, accu- 

mulated a large fortune and owned more than five 
hundred valuable acres of land near Rusliville. He 
was a promiiftnt member of the Methodist Episco- 
pal Church and was numbered among the influen- 
tial men of the county. The father lived to par- 
ticipate in the progressive interests of the state 
and witnessed the remarkable changes wrought by 
a half century of upward growth, entering into 
rest in 1881, at the advanced age of eighty-four. 
The mother, well educated, and a devout member 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church, ever since its 
establishment in Rush County, died, strong in the 
faith of happiness beyond, in the year 1 ><();"), aged 

Mrs. Pollie (Miller) Morris was the devoted 
mother of nine children. The sons and daugh- 
ters who clustered about the family hearth were, 
Henry M., Mary A., Alfred T., Ellen E.. Malissa 
J., William C. (our subject), James 11., .lohn F. 
and Olivers. Mr. Morris was born June 21, 1831, 
in Rush County, and worked for his father until 
he reached his majority. He then married and be- 
gan life for himself. His excellent wife, Rebecca 
E. McMillen, was the daughter of John and Mary 
A. (Jennings) McMillen, both natives of Kentucky. 
The McMillens were of Irish ancestry, the Jen- 
nings of English descent. The pleasant home of 
Mr. and Mrs. Morris was blessed by the birth of 
seven children, one of whom died in infancy. The 
six surviving are, Claudius E., John C, Florence 
A., May B., Oscarand Ida. These sons and daugh- 
ters are all married and prosi)ering, occupying 
positions of usefulness, and respected l)y all who 
know them. 

Our subject immediately after his marriage 
bought one hundred and sixty acres of good land 
near Rusliville and farmed thereon for a number of 
years, but in 1883 sold out his interests in that 
localitj- and removed to Washington Township, 
and purchased the two hundred and forty well im- 
proved acres of valuble land where he now re- 
sides, beyond all doubt one of the best grain and 
stock farms in the county. Mr. Morris received 
onlv limited advantages for an educiition, but 
pos.sesses the family inheritance of excellent judg- 
I ment and business ability and is successful in his 
various undertakings, making money ra[iidly. He 



and his wife are members of tlie Metliodist Episco- 
pal Church and liberal givers towards its support. 
In political affiliation a Democrat, life is in every 
respect a public spirited citizen and fully com- 
mands the esteem of the entire community among 
whom he lives and transacts business in a straight- 
forward and upright manner. j 

The family to which Mrs. Morris belongs is a no- 
ted one, from the fact of tlie immense inheritance 
awaiting the heirs in England. Her great-grand- 
father, Robert Jennings, was a native of London 
and a close connection of the Jenningses from 
whom the large estate was received in trust. Kane 
Jennings, the grandfather of Mrs. IMorris, was a 
native of Virginia and a man of worth and ability. 

AHLOM C. HA WORTH, M. D., an able 
practitioner and sliillful surgeon engaged 
in an extended round of professional du- 
ties in Noblesville, Ind., is a native of 
Hamilton County, and, born June 27, 1851, has 
from his early youth been associated with the pro- 
gressive interests of this part of the state. The 
father of our subject, George L. Haworth, was a 
native of Ohio, but early locating in the state of 
Indiana, became one of the pioneers of Hamilton 
County, settling within its borders in 1834, when 
the country round about was a comparative wil- 
derness. Wild game was abundant, and neighbors 
were few and far between. He entered with cour- 
age and enterprise into the development of a farm 
and reclaimed from its wild condition a valuable 

In 1892, after a life of usefulness, the father, 
respected b^' all who knew him, entered into rest. 
He was a man of more than ordin.ary ability and 
strength of character and was well fitted to endure 
the privations and sacrifices of pioneer life. His 
father, Jonathan Haworth, born in Virginia, was 
numbered among tlie very early settlers of Ohio, 
where he occupied a leading position and was 
known as a man of l)road intelligence. The an- 
cestors of the Haworth family were of English na- 

tivit}', the founder of the American branch emi- 
grating to America with William Penn, with 
whom he was associated in religious interests, 
both being Quakers. The mother of our subject. 
Ann Haworth, was born in Ohio. Sharing with 
her husband and children the pioneer experiences 
of Indiana, she passed away in Hamilton County 
universally mourned. 

Our subject was the youngest of the five chil- 
dren who blessed the home of the parents, and 
spending the days of boyhood upon the old farm, 
received the benefit of instruction in the district 
schools^, Assisting his father during the summer 
months, he at seventeen years of age liegan teach- 
ing school, and, self-rrliaiitly wiiiiiiiig his upward 
way, attained his majority, then enteiing Earlham 
College, at Richmond, Ind., where he pursued his 
studies for three succeeding years. At the expi- 
ration of this length of time, he decided to enter 
the medical profession, and in the winter of 1876 
took a course of lectures at the Medical College 
of Indiana, located at Indianapolis, and the fol- 
lowing year, graduating with honor, received his 
diploma and degree of M. D. 

Dr. Haworth, at once establishing himself in Ko- 
blesville, and from the first meeting with encourag- 
ing success, has for sixteen years been identified 
with the social and business interests of the city 
and has but little time for rest or recreation, be- 
ing constantly occupied with the demands of a 
large and lucrative practice extending out into 
the surrounding country. Our subject, taking a 
leading position in the professional ranks, is a 
valued member of the County Medical Society, 
and is also connected with the State Medical 
Society and the American Medical Association. 
He is identified with Bern ice Lodge No. 120, 
K. of P. and has many warm friends in the order. 
Dr. Haworth is politically a stalwart Republican 
and takes an active interest in both local and na- 
tional issues, being a public-spirited citizen and a 
liberal aid in matters of local enterprise and im- 

May 15, 1878, Dr. Mahlon C. Haworth and 
Miss Celestia Dewey, were united in marriage, re- 
ceiving the lieart.y best wishes and congratu- 
lations of numerous friends. The accomplished 



wife of our subject was the daughter of Dr. 
Dewey, a pioneer piiysician of Cicero, Hamilton 
Count}'. One son and two daughters liave bright- 
ened the pleasant home with their merry presence, 
lone, Elma and George D. Ilaworth, bright and 
intelligent young people, give promise of future 
usefulness. The attractive family residence, on 
South Anderson Street, the abode of hospitality, is 
woU known to tlie general public of Noblesville, 
Dr. and Mrs. Ilaworth enjoying the high regard 
and confidence of a host of old-time acquaintances. 

EDWARD B. CHAMxVESS, a prominent and 
influential citizen and leading attorney of 
; Alexandria, Ind., has been identified from 
his earliest youth with tlie development and pro- 
gressive interests of his present locality, and was 
born within the limits of tlie county, in Monroe 
Townsliip, .Inly 22, IH.'SG. His father, AVilliam 
Chamness, a native of Nortli Carolina, was born 
m 1804, and the paternal grandfather, Mic.ajah 
Chamness, was likewise a native North Carolinian 
and the descendant of a family which, from the 
very earliest days of our country'* history, (Uvelt 
in the old Tar State. A tradition relates that 
many years ago a lad, stolen from the London 
Bridge, was taken on an English vessel on the 
North Coast and, sailing across the Atlantic, upon 
reaching the shores of North Carolina, made his 
escape from the boat. He being young (about 
four years old), it is supposed he could not spell 
the name correctly, and used the name Chamness, 
for upon inquiry no such name was found in Eng- 
land. Be this vei-sion correct or not, the family 
founded in North Carolina have, generation after 
generation, won their upward way to positions of 
influence, and many of the men and women have 
attained wealth and social distinction. The early 
members of the Chamness family were attendants 
of the Friends' Church. They were mainly small 
farmers, with energetic industiy cultivating the 
fertile soil of the sunny south, and were known as 

useful, law-abiding citizens of sterling integrity 
of character and native ability and intelligence. 

In 1816, Micajah Chamness, with his family and 
accompanied by other families of the same name, 
his relatives and connections, emigrated to Indi- 
ana from North Carolina, and settled in Wayne 
County. Micajah Chamness was the father of 
three sons and eight daughters, all f>f whom at- 
tained to mature age and married and liad homes 
and families of their own. The sons were .loiin, 
William and Micajah, .Jr. Tiie eldest, John, a 
prosperous farmer, and late in life retiring from 
his farm, resided in Jonesboro, Grant County, 
wliere he died at a good old age in 187(J. Mica- 
jah, Jr., was a noted agriculturist and owned a 
valuable farm in West Alexandria, a part, of 
which is in the city limits, his farm being valued 
at $1,000 per acre. Micajah, Sr., gave his 
family a liberal education. In 1830 he located 
in Madison County, building the first house 
in Monroe Townshii). Having considerable means, 
he then entered several sections of Govern- 
ment land, on a part of which the city was 
later built. He afterward sold out in tliis imme- 
diate locality and moved three and a-half miles 
northwest of Alexandria, there improviflg a farm 
on Lilly Creek. He resided on this homestead at 
the lime of his deatii. His wife, in maidenhood 
Miss White, survived iiim more than thirty years, 
and passed away in 187(5, at the age of ninety-six 
years. Other members of the Chamness family 
came to Indiana in 181(1 and they and their de- 
scendants now residing in Wayne County are 
numbered among the respected i)ioneers of the 

William Chamness, the father of our subject, 
was in the early part of the present century 
united in marriage with Miss Mary Bray, known 
in later years to her many loving kins-people as 
"Aunt Polly." Born in Kentucky in 1808 she was 
of German and Scotch ancestry, and her father, 
Henry Bray, at one time oi)erated a saltiietre 
manufactory, the first established at :Mammoth 
Cave, Ky. Henry Bray finally removed to Hen- 
dricks County, Ind., his sons, John and Edward S., 
becoming well-to-do farmers. The former, remov- 
ing to Arkansas, died there. The latter passed 



away in Morgan County, Ind. In 1833, William 
Chamness, his wife and four ebildien, settled in 
Madison County, where the father entered a quar- 
ter section of land directly east of the present 
city of Alexandria, and proceeded to clear, culti- 
vate and improve a homestead in the wilderness. 
He often killed deer within sight of his cabin, and 
in time owned one of the best stock farms in the 
county. In 1852, the father, selling this valu- 
able property, removed to Grant County and, pur- 
chasing four hundred acres of land southeast of 
Jonesboro, resided there until his death in 1858. 
He had occupied with fidelity various positious of 
trust and served efflcientl}' as Township Trustee. 
After his demise the mother made her home in 
Jonesboro, where she entered into rest in 1869. be- 
loved by all who knew her. The parents were 
blessed by the birth of five children: .Jemima, 
Martha. Eunice, Eli and Edward B., all born in 
Wayne or Henry County, with the exception of 
our subject, who now enjoys the distinction of 
being the oldest living native-born citizen of 
JFonroe Township. His sisters all married and 
reared families of their own. Eli is a bachelor 
fifty-two years of age, a long-time resident of In- 
dianapolis, but the last two years of his life were 
spent in Chicago, where he died in 1891. The 
father and mother reared their family up to 
habits of industrious thrift and inculcated them 
with sterling integrity, bringing them up in the 
fear and admonition of the Lord. The parents 
also gave their children the advantage of a good 
education. Our subject, Edward B., attended col- 
lege at New Castle in 1849 and 1850, and in the 
spring of 1853 went to Marion, Grant County, 
to learn the tr.ade of a printer in the Marion 
Journal office. Mr. Chamness later removed to 
Hartford City, where he entered into the publica- 
tion of the Hartford City Register, being the first 
paper published in that locality. 

Upon October 21, 1856, Edward B. Chamness 
and Miss Clara K. Craw were united in marriage. 
In 1857 our subject made his home in Pana, 111., 
and later removed to Jefferson City. Mo. In 1859 
he returned to Grant County, and in 1860 en- 
gaged in the slove and tui business at Jonesboro 
with his lirother, and learned the tinsmith trade. 

When the Civil War disturbed the land, Edward 
B. Chamness, leaving his business, home and 
family. enlisted in September, 1862, in Company I, 
One Hundred and First Indiana Infantry, and 
was Orderly-Sergeant of his company. He act- 
ivel}' engaged in important battles: Chickamau- 
ga, Chattanooga, Jonesboro (Ga.), Lookout Moun- 
tain, Mission Ridge, the siege and fall of At- 
lanta, and many others, and at the end of three 
years' faithful and courageous service, was dis- 
charged from the army at the close of the war. 
In 1883 he was granted a j)ension for disabilitj' 
brought on while in the service, and it was in- 
creased in 1885. Mr. Chamness conducted the 
stove and tin business in Alexandria for several 
years, and, l)eing a man of studious habits and 
ambition, read law, not at first with the intention 
of adopting the legal profession. People, how- 
ever, began to consult him on various matters 
connected with the practice of law, and, con- 
stantly asking his advice, finally induced him to 
try cases in the justice courts. This he did. and 
his marked success decided him to resign business 
and enter the professional ranks which he now so 
ably adorns. He was admitted to the Bar, after 
due preparation, in 1886, and, since then, prosper- 
ing as a lawyer, has served with ability as Assist- 
ant Cpunty Prosecutor. Politically, a lifetime 
Republican, and interested in local and national 
issues, our subject has, however, not aspired 
to political honors. 

An important factor in the building up of the 
City of Alexandria, Mr. Chamness has been 
financially prospered, and, a public-spirited citi- 
zen, was one of the first to encourage the 
sinking of a gas well, and his name was one of the 
first on the subscription list, giving 1100 for that 
purpose. He is a stockholder in the Alexandria 
National Bank, and has been connected with the 
Alexandria Mining and Exploring Company, the 
Alexandria Improvement Company and various 
building and loan associations, and, in fact, has 
been identified with the vital interests of Alexan- 
dria from its inception as a city. Our subject is 
fraternally associated with the Grand Arm\- of 
the Republic, and was the first Commander of the 
post of Alexandria. lie is also a leading member 



of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and 
has passed through the chairs, being District 
Deputy Grand Master of the state, and is likewise 
a member of the Rebeccas, as is his wife. 

The forefathers of tlie family were Friends 
in religious belief, but Mr. and Mrs. Chamness are 
ardent Spiritualists and intelligent observers of 
religious development. Unto the union of our 
suliject and his estimable wife were horn four 
children. The eldest, Arthur M., is a successful 
hardware merchant at Greenstown, Howard Coun- 
ty. Ind. He married Miss Retta Kerr and is the 
father of two children. Laura M. Chamness, the 
eldest daugliler of our subject, a charming and 
accomplished young lady, passed away deeply 
mourned at the age of twenty years. Alice C. 
married Eugene O. Clinton, and died in 1892, 
leaving two cliildren. Annetta M. married Charles 
W. Clnuvliill and lives in Alexandria, whei-e Mr. 
Churchill is engaged in the tin business. Mr. 
Cliamness, although but fifty-seven years old, and 
mentally and i)liysically vigorous, has hair and 
beard white and glossy, inheriting from his moth- 
er's side a tendency to become gray in very early 
youth. A courteous gentleman, of kindly man- 
ners, and recognized as a leading legal luminary of 
Madison County, he is widely respected, and he 
and his excellent wife, occupying a high position 
of social influence to Alexandria, together enjoy 
the fruition of lives of earnest purpose crowned 
with prosperous content. 

^l^ AKVEY .1. BLACKLIDGE, a representative 
ifjl citizen and for many years a leading busi- 
/^^ ness man of Anderson, devotes himself 
^; entirely to the care of his large landed 
interests, and has recently platted more than one 
hundred and twenty-four lots on thirty acres, 
called Blacklidge Park, adjoining the city of 
Anderson on the north. Born December 8, 1835, 
in Marion County, Ind., our subject was only two 
years of age when with his parents he made his home 
in Anderson. It has been his constant residence 
for liftv-f-ix changing years, during which period 

his present locality has developed from a small 
village of a few inhabitants into a thriving town 
in which every branch of commerce is worthily 
represented. The paternal grandfather, Jacob Black- 
lidge, removed from his native state. Virginia, with 
his family in a very early day, and located in In- 
diana, then literally a howling wilderness and the 
abode of an abundance of wild game. The grand- 
father, sharing the privations and sacrifices of 
pioneer days, survived to an advanced age 'and 
died in Indiana at about four-score years. 

The father, Joel Blacklidge, was born in N'irginia, 
but attained to mature age upon the old Indiana 
homestead. Arriving at manhood, he married, and 
in 18;57, with his wife and family, settled in Ander- 
son. He had from his earliest youth engaged in 
agricultural pursuits, but located in town with the 
intention of entering mercantile business, and from 
1837 until April, 1847, when he passed away, pros- 
perously conducted a store on the corner now 
known as ISIcGraws' Corner. The mother, Mrs. 
Christiann (Newhouse)Blacklidge,was the daughter 
of John Newiiou>c. a native Xiiginian, and a 
pioneer of Indiana, removing hithei- from tiie 
Old Dominion with liis family in a very early 
day. Harvey J. Blacklidge was one of eleven 
children who clustered about the family hearth of 
the i)arenls. Of the large circle of sons and 
daughters, five have passed away, the six surviving 
vvortiiily occupying positions of useful influence. 
Our subject attended the schools of Anderson when 
a little boy, but his father dying when he was 
twelve years of age, he then began llie battle of 
life and for the succeeding five years worked ujion 
a farm. 

In 1852, Mr. Bl.acklidge entircd the employ of 
William Crim as clerk, and remained in this posi- 
tion for about one year and a-(iuarter, transacting 
business in a little frame building, where the 
When store now stands. Our subject next en- 
gaged in selling fruit-trees for S. S. Pierce <i' Co. 
and journeyed through Indiana, Tennessee and 
Mississippi for two years. At the exi)iration of 
this time, Mr. Blacklidge entered into partnership 
with J. W. Thornton, the firm conducting a groteiy 
business in Anderson. The partnership continued 
for about one year. Our subject soon after married 



and located upon a farm, there engaging in agri- 
cultural pursuits for a number of j'ears. In 1871 
the faniil_y returned to the city, and in 1874 Mr. 
Blacklidge went into the farming implement busi- 
ness, in parlnersliip with Elias Falknor, tlie firm 
lasting until 1879. In the spring of 1880, our 
subject embarked in the carriage business at Nos. 105 
and 107 North Main Street. Tliis last venture 
proving a great success, he devoted liimself to the 
sale of carriages and buggies until May, 1892, then 
selling out to J. M. Gray. 

In the fall of 1855, Harvey ,1. Blacklidge and 
Miss Delilah Young, daughter of Col. Williman 
Young, of Madison County ,were united in marriage. 
Mr. Y^oung was one of tlie pioneer settlers of 1823, 
who located on White River to the east of Ander- 
son. A man of courage and ability, he was Colonel 
of militia in an early da}', and later was elected 
Sheriff of Madison County and successfully ran liis 
farm and managed the affairs of the Sheriff's office 
at the same time. The tliree children of our subject 
and his worthy wife are: William J., born in 1856; 
Hattie Alice, now Mrs. George B. Wheelock, of An- 
derson; and John M., residing at, home and in the 
employ of J. M. Gray, a carriage dealer. Mr. Black- 
lidge has been a consistent member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church since 1854, and, a valued official, 
discharged tlie duties of Trustee and Steward for 
twenty-live years, and has also served as an usher 
of tlie church for a score of years. He is not a 
politici:iii, but, politically a stalwart Eepublican, is 
an earnest advocate of the principles of the party 
and is deeply- interested in local and national affairs 
of government. 

In 1S57 our subject became fraternally asso- 
ciated with Ml. Moriah Lodge No. 77, A. F. it A. 
M. He was Miister of the same nine years, and 
represented the lodge in the Grand Lodge for 
fourteen years, and acted as Master at the time his 
son took the degree of that lodge. A leading light- 
in Masonry, Mr. Blacklidge was for thirteen years 
a member of Anderson Chapter No. 52, and was 
for seven years a valued member of Anderson Com- 
mandery No. 32. lie attended the conclaves at St. 
Louis, Washington and Denver and much enjoyed 
those great reunions of tlie lioiiored order. Our 
subject is likewise connected with tlie Knights of 

Honor and has numerous warm friends in the 
Masonic fraternity and in this latter society. Mr. 
Blacklidge, a long time and intelligent observer of 
the growth and progress of the past half-century, 
recalls many interesting reminiscences of the times 
when the inhabitants of Anderson procured all the 
water used for household purposes at a spring on 
Ninth Street, his father being among the first to 
dig wells in the village. 

LBERT B. BUCK, one of the successful 
young business men of Anderson, was 
born on the lOtii of December, 1859, and 
is the only child of William E. and So- 
phronia (Finch) Buck, of Alexandria, Madison 
County. The father during his brief life was m 
the lumber business. He died at the age of twenty- 
six, and his wife at twenty-three, leaving the boy 
to carve out his own future. Henry Buck, tlie 
grandfatlier, was a Pennsylvanian, and emigrated 
to Indiana, where he settled early in life. He re- 
mained in the state until his death. Israel Finch, 
the grandfather on the maternal side, was a native 
of New York, and was a pioneer settler in Madi- 
son County. 

At the age of thirteen, Albert B. Buck began to 
learn tiie drug business in the store of Dr. E. II. 
Meuefer, at Alexandria, and with liim remained 
six years. He then spent a year in the Ilolbrook 
Normal School at Lebanon, Ohio. Having a pref- 
erence for the drug business, at the age of twenty 
he went to Anderson and became a clerk. Garret 
Brown was then the leading druggist of Anderson, 
and the founder of the store over which Mr. Buck 
now presides. At the age of twenty-one he asso- 
ciated himself in the business with Mr. Brown, the 
firm name being Brown & Buck. The business 
was conducted by the firm until 1887, when Mr. 
Brown died. The firm was then re-organized un- 
der the name of Buck, Forkner & Co., and 
remained so for two 3'ears, when Eugene T. 
Brick ley bought out the otlier interests, and the 
linii became Buck, Brickley k Co. (W. T. Durbin) 
which title and peisonalily it has since retained. 


^Z^-^eyi/-^' /fc^ 






^ I 

k:yci^^/c(^^f^'^'<"^'/' J^^^j^-^ 


In 1893 the firm established another store at the 
oonier of Truth and Meridian Streets, known as 
the I'ahicc I'h.'iriiiafy, over wliich Mr. iirickley 
presides. At l.oth slnres l.-ir-e slocks ,,f drui-s, 
druggists' sundries, \v;ili |i:i|ici's and nii~cellanc<)us 
goods are kei)t. 

On tiie ttli of ()ct..l)er, IssT, .Mr. ISiick and 
Miss Mattio r.liven weic iii:uiicd. She is llie 
dauglilcr (if K. C. and Caroline (.lacks,, n) I'.jiven, 
of .\ii<U'rson. Her fatlier has lieen a niercliant 
many years, .-iiid the family were early comers 
fi'oni Morrislowii. The .laek.sons were among tlie 
earliest settlers. Mr. and Mrs. liuck have two in- 
teresing children: Ruth P.liveii and Felix Albert. 




K\"l KINZIOU. While the cultivation of 
sni.ull fi-uits is not .:i r the most impor- 
tant industries of Hamilton County, those 
who have devoted their energies to this depart- 
ment of agriculture have met with (latlering suc- 
cess. has this proved \<> be the ease in 
the life of Mr. Kinzer, who has made a specialty 
of fiuit-raising, and, as he is a man of fair judg- 
ment and good common sense, his undertakings 
have been more than ordinarily successful. lie 
has eight acres planted to apples and pears, and 
tinds a ready sale for his fruit at g 1 prices. 

The family of which Levi Kin/.er is a member is 
(uie of the best known in the county, and several 
of his brothers are represented elsewhere in this 
volume. His father, John Kinzer. was a native of 
either Pennsylvania or Ohio, and was b(.rn in 
l.sdl.- lie was reared to manhood in Highland 
County, Ohio, and received a limited education in 
the di.strict schools. In 1828 he came to 1 ndiana, 
and cntcicd one hundicd and sixt}' acres in Ham- 
ilton County, t(i which he added from time to 
time until he acijuired the ownership of eight 
hundred and eightyacres. 

The marriage of John Kinzer to .Miss Ruth, 
daughter of William and Mary (.Mollilt) Wilkin- 
son, occurred in 1830, and resulted in the birth of 
seven children, namely: William; .Mary, the wife 
of Sylvaniis Carey; David; Jacob; Levi, the sub- 
ject of this sketch; Sarah, who married Louis Met- 

sker; and Ira J., whose death occurr 
The mother of these children was reared in the 
Society of Friends, but after her marriage with a 
gentleman who was not a member, she w;is not 
identified with that religious organization. In 
politics the .senior Mr. Kinzer was a Whig. Hi- 
death occurred De('ember 31, 1850, and his widow 
afterward remained on the home f;irm with her 
children until_ M:ircli 12, l.S(;o, when slu> passed 

A native of the township where he now resides 
(Delaware Township), <uir subject was born .Inly 
29, 1839. He was a young man of twenty-four 
when, in 18(i3, he married .Miss Samantha .1., 
daughter of Hinchman and Rebecca (Mendenhall) 
Haines. They are the parents of three living 
children: Olive /the wife of Dr. K. C. Hershey), 
Clara ( Uen and Kdna. I'.oth Mr. and Mrs. Kinzer 

Politically, he is a Republican, and u|)on the ticket 
of his party has been chosen to serve in numerous 
important positions. He served as Township Trus- 
tee for twoyears, and had the distinction of being 
the first Republican electt;d to that olIic(^ in his 
township for a number of years. 

After his marriage Mr. Kinzer coinmenc(!d farm- 
ing upon one hundred and sixty acres left him by 
his father, and here he has since resided, devoting 
his time and energies especially to the raising of 
fruit. He is justly recognized as one of the leading 
.agriculturists and fruit-raisers of Delaware Town- 
ship, and as a man, no less than as a farmer and 
citizen, he is highly esteemed. Throughout his en- 
tire life he has been identified with the best inter- 
ests of Hamilton County, and his intelligence, 
enterprise and many other estimable (pialities have 
acquired for him a popularity not derived from 
any factitious circumstances, and arc a permanent 
tribute to his merit. 

JHACOB KIN'ZKR born in 1.S37 within 
I one mile of the place where he now lives, 
in Delaware Township, Hamilton County. 
_ ' He is the son of John and Ruth (Wilkin- 
son) Kinzer, of whom further mention is made in 



the sketch of -William Kinzer, upon another page 
of this volume. John Kinzer, was born in Ohio 
about 1804, and remained with his parents until 
he attained his majority, meantime spending his 
time principally in farm work and enjoying but 
limited educational opportunities. In early man- 
iiood he came to Indiana, where he worked lor a 
time by the month in the employ of others, and 
also entered one hundred and sixty acres of land 
from the Government. 

After his marriage, Jolin Kinzer located upon 
the land which he entered, and to the clearing of 
wliich he gave his attentioii for many years there- 
after. He engaged in agricultural pursuits and 
acquired the ownership of between six and seven 
hundred acres, the larger part of which he suc- 
ceeded m clearing and placing under excellent 
cultivation. In his community he was a man of 
prominence, being intelligent and well read, and 
possessed the confidence of his neighbors and ac- 
quaintances. In politics he was a Whig, but 
never displayed any partisanship in local or na- 
tional affairs. 

In the parental family there were seven chil- 
dren, as follows: William; Mary, who married 
Sylvanus Carey; David; Jacob, of this sketch; 
Levi; Sarah, who is the wife of Louis Metsker; and 
Ira, who died in 1892. Jacob remained with his 
mother for ten years after his father's death, and 
in the district schools gained a practical education. 
Upon the settlement of the estate, he received 
eighty acres and sufficient money to enable him to 
purchase another eighty-acre tract. The property 
was for the most part in its primeval condition 
when he located thereon, and it required consider- 
able hard work to enable him to bring it to a high 
state of cultivation. 

At the age of almost forty years, Mr. Kinzer 
married Louisa, daughter of James Harvey and 
Luzena (Stanley) Piallard, and a native of North 
Carolina, who accom pained her parents to this 
state when she was only five years old. Their 
union resulted in the birth of five children, of 
whom one died in childhood. The others are, 
1 rvin, Everett, Alma and Curtis. Mr. and Mrs. 
Kinzer are prominent members of the social circles 
of the communitv, and are identified with the 

Society of Friends, being active workers in behalf 
of all its enterprises and benevolent projects. 
While not an active worker in political ranks, our 
subject is firm in his advocacy of Republican 
principles, and invariably casts his ballot in sup- 
port of its men and measures. 

OBERT S. EDWARDS, a retired farmer re- 
siding in Ingalls, was born May 31, 1827, 
in Franklin County, Pa. His grandfather, 
William Edwards, was a native of Eng- 
land, and emigrated to Pennsylvania. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth Simpson, a native of Ireland, and 
they had two sons, William and John. The father 
was a tailor by trade. In religious belief he was a 
Presbyterian, and his death occurred in Franklin 

William Edwards, father of our subject, was 
born in that county in 1793, and was a soldier of 
the War of 1812. He engaged in teaching and 
farming. In the fall of 1836, he went by wagon 
to Union County, Ind., and ten years later lo- 
cated in Fall Creek Township, Hamilton County, 
where he purchased one hundred and twenty-six 
acres of land, from which he developed a good 
farm. He was a Whig in politics. After his mar- 
riage he became an active member of the Metho- 
dist Church, and contributed liberally to its suii- 
port. On the 24th of April, 1858, he departed 
this life. His widow, whose maiden name was 
Sarah Bolton, was born in Franklin County, Pa., 
November 19, 1805, and her father, William Bol- 
ton, was a farmer of the Keystone State. He died 
in Union County, Ind., whither he removed about 
1831. By his marriage to Elizabeth Smith, he 
had three sons and four daughters. His wife was 
a native of Scotland. In the Edwards family were 
ten children: John S., deceased, who served as 
Major in the Second Indiana Cavalry; William 
B., twin brother of John, who served as Sergeant 
in the Second Indiana; Robert S.; Mary E.; Jo- 
seph, deceased; Charles W.; Anna C; Susan C; 
Caroline; and Sarah J. On the maternal side our 
subject traces his ancestry back to the early Col- 



oiiial historj' of New Jersey, to the well-known 
Apgar, Flonierfelt and Schuyler families, some 
of whom were judges in the early days and sol- 
diers in the Revolution and War of 1812. 

We now take up the personal history of our 
subject, who in early life engaged in teaching 
scliool. while at the age of twenty lie began farm- 
ing for iiimself, following that pursuit for six 
years. He then carried on a general store for two 
years, after which he bought ninety acres of land, 
wliich he operated seven years. The succeeding 
ten years of his life were spent in the liardware 
business in Fortviile, Hancock County, Ind., and 
in the spring of 1893 he located on one hundred 
and fifl\--three acres of land which is still his 
home, in Greene Township, Madison County. He 
has since sold thirty acres to the land company 
which founded the town. 

Mr. Kdwards ijiarried Elizalieth Lackey in Jan- 
uary, 1847. and they became the [)arents of three 
cliiidren: William F., who died at the age of 
four years; Joseph A., who died in Minnesota, De- 
cember 31, 1880; and Thomas 0., of Montana. 
The mother died in Juh", 185.5, in the faitii of the 
Mctliodist Church. Mr. Edwards was afterward 
joined in wedlock with Mary R. Gibson, daughter 
of S;unuel and Olive (Terrence) Gib.son. Her 
father whs liorii in Tennessee in 1804, studied law 
in Nasliville, and went to Wayne County, Ind., 
about 1822. His last days were spent on the farm 
wliere Mrs. Edwards now resides, and his death 
occurred in Ma}', 1873. He served as Justice of 
the Peace many years and was a Whig and Re- 
pul)lican. The Methodist Church found in him a 
faithful and prominent mend)er, and he was an in- 
lluential citizen throughout the community. He 
married Anna Pollard, and they had three chil- 
dren: John, Samuel P. and Martha Shaul. By his 
second union there were three children: Eliza, 
deceased; Mary R., and Olive L. Mrs. Gibson was 
also twice married, her first husband being Joseph 
Kirkendall. Her father, Samuel Terrence, a 
Scotchman, was a Revolutionary soldier for six 
years, and in 1822 located in Noblesville, Ind., 
becoming one of its first settlers. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Edwards have l)een born 
three children: Minnie, wife of .John W. Huston; 

Sarah 0., wife of W. ('. Pelligrew; and Dr. Sam- 
uel G.. of Indianapolis. All have been provided 
with good educational advantsiges and thus liucd 
for the practical duties of life. The parents hold 
membership with the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
Mr. Edwards has served for six years as Justice 
of the Peace, for two terms as Trustee, and has 
held other oflices. He has been a delegate to 
county and state conventions, and is a promi- 
nent member of the Republican party in this vi- 
cinity. Socially-, he is connected with the Mason- 
ic fraternity. A life well and worthily spent has 
gained hini the confidence and good-will of all 
willi whom he has been brought in contact. 


ho for lnan^■ years 

has been connected with the agricultural 
interests of JIadison County and resides on 
section 20, Fall Creek Township, was born in 
Pikeland Township, Chester ('ounty, Pa., October 
a, 1821. The paternal great-grandfather emigrated 
from his native land, Wales, to America, settling 
in the Keystone State. The grandfather, James 
Williams, was born in Pennsylvania, was a stone 
mason by trade, and died in Chester County about 
1834, at an advanced age. He married Margaret 
Carter and they became the parents of the following 
children: Samuel, Martin, James, Jesse, William, 
Joseph, Benjamin, George, Elizabeth and Margaret. 
All married except Joseph and William. Samuel 
and JIarLin served in the War of 1812. 

The father of our subject, Jesse Williams, was 
born in Chester County, Pa., in 1795. He was 
drafted for the War of 1812, but after reaching 
camp was sent back. By trade he was a shoemaker. 
In the spring of 1839 he removed by wagon to 
Indiana, locating on two hundred and ten acres 
of land on section 20, Fall Creek Townshi|), where 
he improved a good farm. His death there oc- 
curred in February, 1858. In early life he was a 
Democrat, but after the repeal of the Missouri 
compromise, became a Republican. In 1825 Mr. 
Williams married Fllizabcth Heck, daughter of 
Christian Heck, a carpenter of German flescent. 



They had two chihh-en: Davis, who died in 1848, 
and Elijali. After the deatli of liis first wife, Mr. 
AVilliaiiis wedded Sarah Rees, and tlie_y had three 
cluldrcn, Oliver, James and Amos. The mother 
died in 1874, aged eighty-three years. 

Our subject has been a resident of Indiana since 
1840. lie was educated in the district schools, and 
at the age of sixteen began life for himself as a 
farm band. For three years prior to coming west 
he clerked, and for eight years after his arrival 
here he lived with his father, assisting him in 
clearing and developing the farm which is now 
his home. In June, 1843, he was joined in wed- 
lock witii Juliet Fleming, who was born in 1822, 
and is a daughter of David and Nancy (Brown) 
Fleming, natives of Bourbon County, Ky. They 
removed to Preble County, Ohio, prior to the War 
of 1812, and lived on the boundary line between 
tiiat state and Indiana. His death occurred in 
1827, and in the fall of 1838 his widow came 
with the family to Pendleton, where she died in 
1842. She was a member of the New Light Church. 
The grandfather, Peter Fleming, was born in 
North Carolina, removed to Tennessee, tiience to 
Kentucky, and his last days were spent in Preble 
County, Oiiio. He served in the War of 1812. By 
his union with Martha Ireland he had a family of 
eigiit sons and two daugiiters. Unto Mr. and Mrs. 
Williams have been born four children: Martha 
E., Sarah J., (who died at the age of seventeen), 
Cliauncy F. and David J. 

In 1848 Mr. Williams purchased sixty-four 
acres of land north of Pendleton, which he sold 
after ten years, buying one hundred and forty-five 
acres, which he operated for eight years. In 1866 
he disposed of that property and bought two hun- 
dred and twenty-six acres of the old homestead, 
upon which he has since resided. His farm labors 
were interrupted by his service in the late war. 
In .luly, 1862, he enlisted in Company B, Eightj-- 
ninth Indiana Infantry, and was elected Second 
Lieutenant. At Munfordville, Ky., he was taken 
prisoner, but the following December he was 
paroled and exchanged. He participated in the 
raid from Vicksburg to Meridan, the Red River 
expedition, the raids after Forest and Price, the 
battle of Nashville, then went to New Orleans, 

and his last battle was at Mobile, where he was 
mustered out July 19, 1865. At the organization 
of the regiment he was made First Lieutenant, and 
in July, 1863, became Captain. 

Mr. Williams has served as Township Trustee 
at various times for twelve years, and has been 
Ditch Commissioner. In 18.54 he made the race on 
the anti-Nebraska ticket for the Legislature. He 
is a practical and progressive farmer, a valued and 
faitBful citizen, and is numbered among the early 
settlers of the county. During the late war he 
proved a valiant and fearless soldier, faithfully 
defending the Old F^lag that now triumphantly 
waves over the united nation. 

<j¥^ LLIS C. CARPENTER, Manager of the An- 
fe] derson Land & Gas Company, and Secre- 
/i' — ^ tary of the North Anderson Gas Company, 
was born in the city where he now makes his home, 
September 19, 1866. He is the son of James and 
Athenisa (Hartley) Carpenter, natives respectively 
of Ohio and West Virginia. The father, who was 
born near Morgan town, was the son of respected 
and honored parents, who removed in an early day 
from West Virginia to Ohio. In his youth lie 
learned the trade of a stone-cutter and had a large 
stoneyard in Virginia. About 1863 he came to 
Anderson, where he engaged in the stone business, 
and handled every variety of building stone. He 
also for a time resided in New Castle, Henry 
County, this state. 

Subsequently, in connection with his son Charles 
A., James Carpenter embarked in the marble and 
tombstone business at Anderson, and continued 
thus engaged for about twenty years, meanwhile 
also conducting a branch business at Elwood. 
The business was the most extensive of its kind in 
the state, outside of Indianapolis, and the firm 
continued in business until the death of our sub- 
ject's father, which occurred May 8, 1892. The 
mother of our subject still survives, making her 
home in Anderson. Politically the father was a 
firm adherent of Democratic principles and was 
one of tlie local leaders of the party. In his re- 



ligious belief he was identified witli tiie Methodist 
Protestant Church. 

KIlis C. Carpenter was tiie sixtii of a family of 
nine children, six of whom are now living. Ili^ 
was reared in Anderson, where he received the ad- 
vantages of a liigh school education. From boy- 
hood it was his custom to spend the winter sea- 
sons in the schoolroom and the suinmors in his 
father's establishment, where in liis yduth he 
gained a thorough knowledge of the niarl)le busi- 
ness. Upon completing his schooling, he entered 
the employ of his fatiier and brother, and later 
for a time had cliarge of stone bridge work for 
other parties. In 1887 he accepted the position of 
stenographer and salesman for C. L. Henry, in 
whose emplo3' he had been during the winters of 
1885-86 and 1886-87. Later he assumed the man- 
agement of Mr. Henry's real-estate business, be- 
coming his first a.ssistant. While thus employed 
he disposed of valuable lots in Hillside, Hazel- 
wood, Oak Grovi? and Hill Top. 

In .luly, 1891, tiie Anderson Land (.t Gas Coin- 
puiiy was organized, with Mr. Henry as manager, 
and our subject as his first assistant. The com- 
l)aiiy platted North Anderson and the Meridian 
Avenue Addition to the same, and disposed of 
lots in these sub-divisions at reasonable prices to 
respectable people. Upon the resignation of Mr. 
Henry, on the 'iOth of February, 1893, as manager 
of the company, Mr. Carpenter was chosen for tiie 
position, and immediately entered upon the duties 
of tlie place. He enjoys the distinction of having 
made more real-estate sales than any other indi- 
vidual in the city. He is also connected with the 
Noitli Anderson fias Company as its Secretary, and 
Ihrougii his iiilluence the welfare of that sulmrb 
has lieen materially promoted. 

Tiie firm of Carpenter Bros., dealers in bicycles 
at Anderson, was organized in 1890, the members 
of the firm being Ellis C. and J. P. Carpenter. 
They now conduct a nourishing business at No. 3 
Xorth Meridian Street, and such has been tlieir 
enterprise and energy that they have doubled 
tlu'ir business every season, and now sell a very 
large number of wheels each year. Our subject is 
a member of the League of American Wheelmen 
and IS himself an expert rider. His office is lo- 

cated in Room 5, Poslollice Liock. He is a mem- 
ber of the local council, and tiie Hoard of Direc- 
tors, and, politieall}', is a strong supporter of Dem- 
ocratic principles. In his religious belief, lie sup- 
ports the doctrines of the Christian Cluirch, of 
which he is a prominent member. He is also an 
active worker in tlie Young Men's Christian .\sso- 
ciatioii, and through tliis organization, as well as 
ill other vva3's, has been lielpful to the young men 
of tlie cit.y. His success, considering the fact that 
he is still quite young, is phenomenal, and affords 
a striking illustration of the fact that energy, wise 
judgment and industry bring to tlieir foitiiiiate 
possessor a large measure of success. Of the suc- 
cesses which await him, we cannot now speak; that 
will be left to the biographer in ^ears to come. 
However, the prediction may with safety be made 
that the future will bring added honors to liim in 
the business and social world, crowning his tire- 
less labors with well merited success. 


\/\lr ''"''" ^'«^'"'"!i''.V 18, 1811, ill Henry Coun- 

W^ ty, Ind., and as a business man enjoys the 
highest of reputations for honorable methods and 
sterling integrity. He is a son of .lolui and Nancy 
(Clary) Quick, natives of Ohio and Kentucky, re- 
spectively, and the grandson of Cornelius and 
Ilanna (Cox) (^uick, natives of Pennsylvania and 
New York, respectively. (For further particulars 
of parents and grandparents, see sketch of Corne- 
lius ( 

Until twenty years of age our subject remained 
under the home tree, assisting liis father on the 
farm and attending school. Filled with a patriotic 
desire to fight for the Old Flag, he enlisted in 
Company E, Thirty-fourth Indiana Infantry. Cur- 
tis' Division, in 1861 as a private, and was pro- 
moted to be Sergeant, and for some time was 
camped at Anderson, Ind. From there he went to 
New Haven, Kj'., and remained tliere two months. 
Later he was at the siege of Island No. 10. and in 
the battle of New Madrid. At the latter place his 
regiment was on garrison duty for some time, but 
was subsequently sent to Ft. Pillow, then to Mem- 



phis, where it was among the first troops to enter 
the place. Following this the regiment made a 
raid up the White River, and met the rebel forces 
at Duv-all's Bluff. 

After this engagement the regiment marched 
through the country to Helena, Ark., where they | 
remained during most of the winter of 1862. 
Then an expedition was made up the White River 
through Arkansas, but before comj^leting the ex- 
pedition, Mr. Quick was taken sick and was sent 
up to .Jefferson barracks. On account of disabil- 
ity he was discharged in .January, 1863, and for 
about a year afterward was scarcely able to do 
anything. After recovering he engaged in mer- 
chandising with C. Quick & Co., and continued in 
this business until 1869, when he sold out and re- 
moved to Nevada City, Mo. There he embarked 
in merchandising again, but only for a short time, 
when he returned to Frankton, where he became 
associated with his brother Cornelius in the same 
business, the firm name being changed to Quick 

Our subject was a member of this firm until 
188:5, but in the meantime he luid become deeply 
interested in the grain business, which he contin- 
ued until 1891. In 1890 he was one of the prin- 
cipal organizers of the Anderson Banking Com- 
panj-, at Anderson, and was made Vice-President 
of that institution, a position he still holds. In 
1893 he helped organize tiie Frankton Land and 
Improvement Company, of which lie has been 
Treasurer since its formation. Mr. Quick is tiie 
owner of considerable farming land, and has been" 
more or less interested in agricultural pursuits all 
his life. His principal interests now are in bank- 
ing and real estate. 

Mr. Quick has been twice married, his first wife 
being Miss Clarissa Douglass, daughter of Dr. R. 
R.and Elenor (.Shrively) Douglass, natives of Ohio. 
This marriage occurred .January 6, 1870, and re- 
sulted in the birth of one child, Nellie, who was 
born July 23, 1873. After the death of Mrs. 
(Juick, our subject was married, December 15, 
1881, to Miss Rosa B.Grass, daughter of Dr. Daniel 
Cirass, of Hancock County, Ind. Mr. Quick votes 
the Republican ticket, takes a deep interest in po- 
litical affairs, and has been School Trustee of 

Frankton for twenty-one years. He is public- 
spirited and progressive, and is one of the solid, 
substantial business men of the county. He is a 
man of broad and liberal principles, whose genial, 
whole-souled disposition and beaming good nature 
make him very popular with all acquainted with 

~AMES FISHER, a pioneer settler of Indi- 
ana, and for nearly three-score years a con- 
stant resident of Wayne Townsliiii. Ilamil- 
^^^^ ton Countj-, where he arrived with his 
parents when a lad of fifteen, is one of the most 
genial and popular men in his locality, and is be- 
loved by young and old, po^-c■»illg a lidsi of sin- 
cere friends. Reared from hi- w.uth I., u practi- 
cal knowledge of the duties df .•lyricultuie, iie has 
devoted his life to farming and has iH-osperously 
conducted the tilling of the soil of one of the most 
highly cultivated homesteads in Wayne Town- 
ship. Our subject is a native of Ohio, and, Jjorn in 
Clermont County, September 11, 1819. the 
son of Sanjuel and Rebecca (AVilson) Fi.-her. 

Samuel Fisher was born in Pennsylvania, and 
emigrated to Ohio when eighteen or nineteen 
years of age, in company with his parents. The 
paternal grandparents of our subject settled on 
Government land, and died in Ohio at a very old 
age. Samuel, the father, grew to manhood on the 
Ohio homestead and was married when about 
twenty-four years old, and continued to live at 
home until the death of his father. September 
20, 1834, he sold out his Ohio interests and re- 
moved with his wife and children to Indiana, set- 
tling in Wa3'ne Township, Hamilton County, 
where he entered two hundred and forty acres of 
Government land and fli'st built a log cabin, 18,x20 
feet, in which the family lived for the succeeding 
ten or- twelve years. 

The next habitation of the parents and their 
children was a house of hewed logs, which was a 
great improvement upon the first cabin, and much 
larger, being 22x36 feet. In this latter structure 
the parents continued to reside until the father 
retired from active cares and made his home in 



Noblesville, where he died at about seventy-six 
years of age. Samuel Fisher, one of the eight 
children of tiie grand parents, wasa man well fitted 
to endure and overcome the many peculiar expe- 
riences incidental to pioneer life. Ho was a man 
of integrity, and was highly respected by the gen- 
eral public. The mother of our subject was born 
in Clermont County. Oliin. .-ind ciiU'red into rest [ 
after a long life of UM'fuhicss, dying upon tlie ! 
old Wayne To\vnshi|) farm aged sixty-eight years. 
She was a devoted wife and mother and w;is es- 
teemed b^' all who knew her. 

The maternal grandparents were originally 
from Pennsylvania, in early life emigrating from 
the (Juaker State to Ohio, where Grandfather Wil- 
son ran salt works and was a leading business 
niMii of the localit}' in Clermont Count}-. He and 
his worthy wife died, universally esteemed by all 
who knew then>, in their old home in Ohio. Of 
the twelve children who blessed the union of the 
parents, eleven grew up to maturity and four are 
yet living, two sons and two daughters. 

Our subject, James Fisher, early began the bat- 
tle of life working upon his 'father's farm in 
boyhood. He attended the little subscription 
school of the home neighborhood and well im- 
proved every opportunity for study, being 
both ambitious and enterprising. When twenty- 
one years of age, he married Miss Susan McDole, 
born near Steubenville, Ohio. By this first wife 
.hunes Fisher became the father of live childien, 
two of whom survive. Addison married Miss 
l.ydia Stfni>. and i> the father of four children. 
W;uren iiuuried Sarah DeWitt, by whom 
he had two children; he married for a second wife 
Mrs. Chambers. The first wife of our subject was 
a daughter of .lolin and Susan McDole, well known 
residents in llie early days in Ohio. The}' came 
to Indiana about l.sKl.aiid here later Mr. McDole 
died at the age of seventy-four. His worthy wife 
survived to reach four-score years. They were the 
parents of eight children, most of whom lived to 
occupy positions of intluonce and usefulness. 

Wedded a second time, James Fisher was united 
in marriage with Miss Nancy Sterns, a native of 
Ohio, born on the -iOth of March, 183;5. The es- 
timable wife of our subject is the mother of six 

children, all living. Mary .1. married S. McDole, 
and has five children; Margaret married .lacob Mc- 
Donald and has two childreii: Saiah A. married 
Thomas McDon.ald an<l has three children. .\sa 
and Alva are twins; .Vsa married Oma Castor and 
has three children; Alva married Miss Martha 
Kesslet . Immediately succeeding his first mar- 
riage Mr. Fisher settled on wild l.-uid .'ind built a 
log house, in which he resided with his family 
until 1868, when he erected his present dwelling, 
since then his permanent home. Our subject has 
been financiaHy prospered and is numbered amcmg 
the influential citizens of llainilton County. 

Mr. Fisher was an old Andicw .hukson Demo- 
ciat and cast his first Presidential vote for .1. K. 
Polk. He has throughout these man_y changing 
years adhered to the party of the [leople and 
votes the straight ticket. A reader and a man of 
broad intelligence, he keeps himself well posted in 
the affairs of the hour and is a most interesting 
conveisationalist, po.ssessing a large fund of remi- 
niscences of other days, when wild game roamed 
through the woods and across the prairies of In- 
diana. Our subject has devoted himself to mixed 
farming and is authority upon agri<-ultural sub- 
jeets. His life has been one of unvarying toil, 
until now, in the evening of his well spent career, 
he enjoys a little more rest and reca-eation, and, 
surrounded by his children and his grandchildren, 
receives the confidence and respect of the entire 
communitj-, among whom he has advanced from 
boyhood to old age. 


rDMOND F. DAILY. Of the young gener- 
^ ation who are taking the le:id in the places 
il^ Of the old members of the Madison County 
Bar made vacant by death and retircineut is Ivl- 
mond F. Daily. He is a native Indianian, and was 
born in Bartholomew County on the 27th of 
April, 1856. He comes from Kentucky stock, his 
father, David Daily. iKiving been a native of that, 
state, but in early youth came to Indiana, locating 
about five miles west of (ireenslnirg, Decatur 
County, where he engaged in farming and stock- 
raising; later, after his marriage, he moved to 


Clifty Township, Bartholomew Count^-^, on a farm, 
wliere he continued to reside until his death, 
wiiich occuired at the age of sixty-one years, 
on the 29t,h of February, 1872. It was at this 
country home where Ed F. Daily was born and 
spent liis early life. His mother, Susan Roher, 
was born in Oiiio, some twenty miles above Cincin- 
nati, on the Ohio River. She too lived sixty-one 
years, and died on the 26th of July, 1882, at 
Hartsville, Ind. 

The grandfather, William Daily, was born in the 
state of Virginia, and there spent his early life. 
Upon coming west he first settled near Lexington, 
Ky., and then in Decatui' County, Ind., where he 
remained until his death. Grandfather Roher 
was a native of Pennsylvania, but in boyhood 
moved with his parents to Hamilton County, Ohio, 
where he grew to manhood, then coming farther 
west settled in Decatur County, Ind., where he 
spent the remainder of his life, dj'ing at the ripe 
old age of eighty-four years. 

As before stated, Mr. Daily spent his early days 
at his country home in Bartholomew County, lit- 
tle dreaming, no doubt, of the professional life 
that lay before him, and upon which lie afterward 
entered with that indomitable and characteristic 
courage and determination in which he is in no 
way lacking and which is so necessary to one in 
his profession. At the age of sixteen he moved 
with his mother to the village of Hartsville and 
took a three anda-half years' course in the Harts- 
ville College. After leaving college he engaged 
in school teaching in Shelby County for five years, 
the last two years of which he was Principal of the 
high schools at Sulphur Hill and Fountaintown. 
During the summers of those years he read law at 
Shelby ville in the oflices of James B. McFadden and 
.ludge Glessner, and was admitted to practice at 
the Shelby County Bar in April, 1883, and has 
ever since been engaged in the practice of his pro- 

In the spring of 188.5 Mr. Daily moved to An- 
derson and opened an ofliee. During the first two 
years of his residence in this place he was in part- 
nerssip with the Hon. D. W. Wood, who at that 
time was Prosecuting Attorne}'. During the ex- 
istence of this |)artnership Mr. Daily acted as As- 

(if liuller 
and Mar- 
The fruits 

sistant Prosecutor, and his acquaintance was ex- 
tended over the entire county, and thus was the 
beginning of, and the foundation laid for, the prac- 
tice which he now enjoys. While he is strong in 
political connections, being of the Democratic 
faith, he is not a politician, and gives but little 
time and attention to politics, preferring the hon- 
ors of his profession rather than the excitement 
and disappointments of political life. 

On the 12th of June, 1882, Mr. Daily w:is unit- 
ed in marriage with Miss Eliie Cisli', 
County, Ohio, whose parents were John 
tha A. Cisle, of that county and state. 
of this union are five children, named respectively : 
Casleton, Jessie, Susan Gail, Edward Glenn and 
Daniel Lee. They are the idols of his life, and 
to them he is most passionately devoted. 

y^ILLIAM HUSSEY, who devoted his time 
'I and attention to general farming, his 
home being on section 9, Clay Township, 
Hamilton County, is numbered among Indiana's 
native sons. His birth occurred in Fayette County 
in 1842, and his parents were Joseph and Sarah 
(Frazier) Hussey. In 1853, when a lad of eleven 
summers, he accompanied his father on his re- 
moval to Hamilton County, the famil}^ locating in 
Clay Township, and in the common schools of his 
neighborhood he acquired his education. He was 
reared in the usual manner of farmer lads, and 
throughout his entire life has followed the pursuit 
with which he became familiar in his youth. He 
gave his father the benefit of his services until 
twenty-two years of age, when he received forty 
acres of land, where he now lives, and began fann- 
ing for himself. 

Mr. Hussey was united in marriage with Han- 
nah A. Jessup, daughter of John C. and Maria 
Jessup. She was born in Clay Township, and the 
district schools afforded her her educational advan- 
tages. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Hussey have been born 
seven children: Nancy E., John S., Fannie M. (who 
became the wife of B. E. l^llis), Melinda, Oliver, 
Jesse and Frank. The children have been pro- 
vided with good educational privileges, having 



the high scliool of Carmel, and John S. 
has been a student in Bullur Univeisit3- and the 
^^•dl)a^ai,•^(l Ndiiiinl. For several years he lias fol- 
lowed teacliiiiii, and Fannie was also a teacher. 

Mr. Ilusscy has added to his possessions from 
time to time, until he now owns two hundred and 
thirl}' acres of valuable land, supplied with all 
modern improvements and (■(invcnicnciv-,, and cnn- 
stituting one of the finest farms of the eouiitv. It 
is neat and thrifty in appearance, and at a glance 
the passer-by can tell of the careful supervision of 
the owner. He and his wife are faithful mem- 
bers of the Christian Church, and in politics 
he is a supporter of Republican principles. At 
the early age of twenty-three he was elected 
.lustite of the Peace. In 1870, he served as Trus- 
tee, and in 1878 was elected County Commis- 
sioner, serving two terms. The prompt and able 
manner in which he has always discharged his 
public duties has won him high commendation. 

WjILLIAM T. WRIGHT, who is now prac- 
tically living a retired life, save for his 
^ ^ duties as Postmaster at Frankton, was 
born in Union County, Ind., December 4, 1831, 
and is a son of Henry and Mary (Ryburn) 
Wright, nalives of Tennessee and Virginia, re- 
spectively. The grandfather, Wright, 
was one of the earliest settlers of this state. He 
aided in the organization of Union County, and 
was prominently identified with its early growth 
and development. In 1838 he was murdered by 
Jesse Wolf, who was attempting to gain posses- 
sion of some horses which were in litigation and 
had been placed in the keeping of Mr. Wright, by 
order of the court, until the case should be de- 
cided. Wolf became infuriated because Mr. 
Wright refused to give up the horses and struck 
hull on the head with a heavy club, causing 
almost instant death. The culprit wa? sent to the 
penitentiary for twenty -one years. 

In 1810, when a boy, Henry Wright went 
with his parents to Union County, where he 
spent his entire lif<'. lie was a s^l<■(•<.^^flll fanner. 
a prominent citizen and took an active purl in 
political affairs. In religious belief he held mem- 
bership with the United Presbyterian Church. He 
was a cousin of .loaquin Miller, the poet. William 
T. Wright was the s.voiul in <,nlcr of birth in a 
family of nine children. Tlic comnioii schools 
afforded him his educational privileges and he 
aided in the labors of the farm until lie had at- 
tained his majority, when he went to Iowa and 
eiig.aged in the sale of tlu^ osage (iraiige hedge. 
His father-in-law was the fir>t <ine to inlr,Kluce 
that hedge into the northern country. William 
remained in Iowa for two years, during which 
time he taught one term of school, and had con- 
siderable experience in adventure and tr.avel over 
that part of the country, which was Ihen very 
wild and unsettled. 

After returning home, Mr. Wright was married, 
on January 17, 1856, to Ellen Suiiiptcr, daughter 
of James and Rachel (Hymlic) Sumpter, natives 
of Tennessee and Virginia, respectiveh', and early 
settlers of Union County, Ind., where they still 
reside. Three children have been born unto Mr. 
and Mrs. Wright: Mary Florence, wife of George 
Beebe, of Anderson; Cyprian R., a practicing phy- 
sician of Frankton; and James H., who is attend- 
ing Purdue University. 

After his marriage, iMr. Wright farining, 
which he has very successfully folh 
*the greater part of his life, Imi has 
cally retired from agricult-nial |)ursiuts, although 
he still retains possession of the old homestead in 
Jackson Township, comprising one hundred and 
five acres. He has been honored with several lo- 
cal offices, and has served .as Township Assessor 
for several terms, and Drainage Commissioner 
for a number of years. In 1893 he was appointed 
Postniaster at Frankton, and is n()w filling that 
position with credit to himself and to the satis- 
faction of his constituents. In whatever position 
he has been called upon to Mil. he has discharged 
his duties with promptness and (idelity, and every 
trust reposed in him, whether public or private. 
I has been faithfully performed. 




PR. H. E. DAVENPORT, one of the promi- 
nent physicians of Hamilton County-, and 
the principal promoter of the town of Sher- 
idan, was born in the village of Eagleville, in 
Boone County, Ind., P^ebruary 24, 1846. His father, 
Isaac L., was born in Owen County, lud., February 
5, 1816; his grandfather, .Jesse, was born in North 
Carolina in 1793. The family is of Scotch-Irish 
origin, three brothers having come to this country 
early in the seventeenth century from the North 
of Ireland. One of them settled in New England, 
one in New .Jersey, and one, from whom the Doc- 
tor is descended, in North Carolina. Jesse Daven- 
port, the Doctor's grandfather, was a soldier in 
the War of 1812, and was one of the early settlers 
in Kentucky, but removed to Indiana before this 
state was admitted to the Union. He was a man 
of liberal education, a teacher in early life, and 
one of the finest mathematicians of his day. He 
died in 1846, at the age of fifty-three years. 

The Doctor's father was the eldest of five broth- 
ers. His education was mainly acquired through 
the teaching of his motlier, whose maiden name 
was Elizabeth Fenton, and who was a lady of great 
refinement and culture, and a descendant of an 
old North Carolina Quaker fauiily. 

When the Doctor's father was a hoy, he was 
bound out by his father for a term of years 
in payment for an eighty-acre tract of land 
then worth about $200. After working out his 
bond, he taught school for a time, then engaged in 
mercantile pursuits, at which he accumulated a con- 
siderable fortune, only to lose it again through 
tlie endorsement of paper for friends. He died in 

Of the Doctor's uncles on Ins father's side but 
little is recorded. Edward was a dissipated man. 
Sliuble was a stage driver in the pioneer days in In- 
diana. William also drove a stage on the Michigan 
road; he afterward became a merchant and amassed 
a fortune. Jesse and Joseph went to Oregon and 
are there at the present time. The Doctor's 
mother was born near Connersville, Ind., in Fa^'- 
ette County, July 2.5, 182.i. She was a daughter of 
Henderson Bragg, a member of one of the pioneer 
families of Indiana, and a second cousin to the 
rebel general of that naiic. She is a lady of more 

than ordinary education and still resides in Sher- 
idan in very comfortable circumstances. 

The Doctor is second in age in a family of five 
brothers and two sisters. James, the eldest brother, 
was born February 2, 1844, and served as a soldier 
in the War of the Rebellion, in the Seventy-fifth 
Indiana Infantry. After two years of hard service 
his health failed and he died from the effects of 
exposure and fatigue. Rosa J. was born January 
20, 1848, and is now the wife of a well-to-do 
farmer, Isaac Chance, and resides near Westfield; 
she was for several years a leading teacher in the 
schools. Curtis and Sarah died in cluldhood. 
George M. removed to Oregon and died there of 
consumption at the age of twenty-one. Tlie 
youngest brother, I. W. Davenport, is a prominent 
physician in Sheridan. 

Our subject received his early education in the 
common schools. He was but a lad of fifteen when 
ihe war broke out, and he promptly left school to 
go to the front in defense of his country, and 
on November 15, 1861, we find his name on the 
rollsof Company F, Fortieth Indiana Infantry. In 
this regiment he served a little more than a year, 
when he was discharged, and on Septemlier 30, 
1864, re-enlisted in Company I, First Heavy Ar- 
tillery, and served until Jul^^ 27, 1865. He was in 
the thickest of all the engagements in which his 
regiment participated, in and about Mobile. After 
leaving t!ie army he worked on a farm for a year, 
then at the trade of a carpenter for about four 
years, and in 1869 he began the study of medicine 
with Dr. Graham, of Noblesville. 

He was graduated from the Indiana Medical 
College in the spring of 1872, and in September 
of the same year, commenced the practice of his 
profession in Sheridan, where he has since re- 
mained among the leading practitioners of his 
section. In 1884, he took a post-graduate course 
at the Consolidated Medical College of Indiana 
and received his second diploma. Through his 
instrumentality the town of Sheridan, which con- 
tained but one hundred and flft3' inhabitants 
when he settled there, has grown into a bustling 
and thriving little city. 

He took an active part in bringing the first 
railroad to the town, was a Director in the Logans- 



port, Indianapolis and Chicago Railroad, helped 
to build all the gravel roads in tlie town, organ- 
ized the company that put down tlie first gas well 
and was its first president, and has made his influ- 
ence felt for the good of every worthy enterprise 
in the community. He was a candidate for Clerk 
of the Court at tiie last election, missing by a l)are 
irajority, and again is at tlie urgent request of 
friends a candidate for the same ollice. He is one 
of the most prominent Grand Army of the Repiili- 
lic men in the county. Me organized the postal 
Sheridan and has been one of its officers from tlie 
beginning. At the National Encampment at In- 
dianapolis in 1893, he was the Colonel command- 
ing the Hamilton County Battalion. ac<)mj)limcnt 
from the soldiers of liis county. 

March -27. 1^72, lie married Miss Martha Cook, 
wlio was l)(>rn in tlie county and is the daughter 
of Levi Cook, a i)rosperous fanner near Nobles- 
ville. Tliey have had four children. Luhi Lee, 
born .July 8, 1874,,jig,the wife of Lowell W. Cox, 
a rising young dry-goods merchant and son of 
,1. H. Cox, President of the Sheridan State Bank. 
Freddie G., born December 12, 187G, died at the 
age of seven years. He was one of the most re- 
markable boys ever known. While but a child in 
years, he was a man, and far in advance of the 
average man, in intellect. When but six years of 
age, he gained great local celebrity by spelling 
down, on three successive occasions, a whole school 
of boys and girls much older tlian himself, many 
of them three times his age, and the teacher find- 
ing no words in the spelling book that would con- 
found him, finally was obliged to resort to the dic- 
tionary. A preacher wascalled to see him when it 
was known that the boy was on his death bed, and 
in talking of the future state, the boy delivered 
such a sermon on life and the hereafter as never 
came from the lips of child before, which brought 
tears to every eye and caused the preacher in his 
prayer by the bedside to pray (iod to give him the 
wisdom of the dying boy. Such was tlie bright 
light that was so early extinguished and gave to 
the Doctor the severest blow he was ever called 
upon to bear. Mary and Celia, the two remaining 
chikiren, are bright and attractive liulle girls. 

The Doctor is a IMasoii, an Odd Fellow, a 

member of the Kniglits of I'vlhias. a lied M:iii an.l 
a Chosen Friend; he is also a meuiber of the Stale 
Examining Board, is Surgeon for the L. A. A C. 
R. R., and is a member of the National Association 
of Railroad Surgeons. 

The Doctor finds recreation froui hi?- heavy 
labors in raising and driving fast lioi>e»; he keeps 
several blooded trotters in his stables, and is fine 
of the chief factors in the Hamilton Couiily Fair 
and Trotting Association, of Sheridan and has 
done much to make it a success. 


IS agr 


>f In. 

|| and pioneer cii 
f^l Union County, \o\cinlicr 7. is I 7. Ii:i> for 
^/' more than a half-century liecn a coiitinuous 
resident of his present locality in Wayne Town- 
ship, Hamilton County. His parents, George and 
Eva (Short) Keffer, by birth Virginians, were 
reared and educated in their native state. The 
father, born in Woodstock, when twenty-four 
years of age left the Old Dominion and set- 
tled upon a farm in Tennessee, but about 1807 
came to Indiana, and located in Union County on 
wild land. Marrying, he remained there with his 
famil\' until 1828, then making his home in Mad- 
ison County for the five succeeding years. At 
the expiration of this time he lived with bis chil- 
dren and died at the residence of our subject, 
aged seventy-five years. 

George Kefifer was a succe.ssfiil farmer, devoting 
his entire life to the pursuit of agriculture. He 
was politically an Andrew Jackson Democrat 
and a strong believer in the principles of the 
party. The mother of our subject, a native of 
Roanoke County, Va., was a devoted Christian 
woman and entered into rest, beloved by all who 
knew her, upon the Madison County farm. Jacob 
Keffer was one of seven children w^ho gathered in 
the home of the parents. Of the four sons and 
three daughters, our subject and his brother Eli 
O. are now the only survivors. The Keffers and 
Shorts were both of German ancestry and the fam- 
ilies inherited the sturdv virtues of energetic thrift 


nini ii;UiiMil iiulustiy, and have ever been true and 
loyal cilizcus. The father of our subject served 
with courage in the War of If^lSami was stationed 
as a soldier at Connorsvillo. 

Jacob KcfTer, reared upon the old home farm, re- 
mained witii liis parents until sixteen years old. 
His advantages for an education were limited, but 
he well profited by every opportunity to gain in- 
struction, and arrived at mature age well able to 
care for himself. liciorc lie was seventeen he 
worked oul by the moiitli, and at twenty-two 
years entered the bonds of wedlock. 

September 12, 1839, Jacob Kefler and Miss 
Nancy Lennen were united in marriage. This 
estimable lad.t, born in Ohio. .laiiuary 11,1.^12, 
died in 1865, in the presciil liomc of our subject. 
She was the mother of two children, one of whom 
is yet living. Caroline C, born August 3, 1840, 
married .lames Nicholson and has two children. 
Mr. Keffer. marrying a second time, then wedded 
uptm September 2, 1865., Miss Annetta Stichter, 
boni ill Schuylkill County, I'a., in September. 1826, 
and a dauiililcr of Samuel and Magdalene (Medler) 

]\lr. Stichter spent his entire life in the Quaker 
State, but the widowed mother of Mrs. KelTer later 
journeyed to Indiana, and died in Hamilton 
County, aged seventy-seven years. She was the 
devoted mother of eight children, three of whom 
are vet living. The (irst wife of our subject, Mrs. 
Nancy (Lennen) KefTer, was one of a family of ten 
brothers and sisters. Mrs. Annetta Keffer 
borne six children, five of whom are now surviving. 
Catherine, the eldest born, married Samuel Ileiney; 
she has eiglit children, two of wlunn are married, 
and one daughter has three children; Mary is the 
wife of II. Nicholson, and h.<is six children and 
four grandchildren; George married Miss Lucinda 
Uowden and six children; Alvin married Ann 
Heiny and is the father of live children; Frank 
married Sarah ,1. Neftand has no children. 

Immediately after his first marriage, our subject 
settled on wild land in Fall Creek Township, and 
built a log cabin. He cleared, cultivated and ira- 
(iroved the farm, but in 1811 or '42, sold this 
property and bought more wild land, where he now 
lives. Here he has well improved a line farm of 

ninety acres and is numbered among the substan- 
tial and progressive agriculturists of the township. 
He cast his first Presidential vote for William 
Henry Harrison, but is now a strong Democrat and 
an ardent believer in the principles of the party. 
Mr. Keffer is widely known as a man of steiling 
integrity, his entire course in life being distin- 
guished by upright conduct. Identified with the 
upward growth and progressive history of Indiana, 
he has ably aided in the proinotioii of the best in- 
terests of his native .state, and, an lK)nored pioneer, 
holds a high place in the regard of all of his fellow- 

Hi I. IP HIK).\l)I-:s, the ellicient Sheriff of 
Hamilton (■ouiity, and a life-time resident 
yr- of the state, is widely known as a man 
k of executive ability and energetic enter- 
prise, well fitted by his personal characteristics 
and broad experience to occu|)y with honor and 
fidelity his present respon.sible official position. 
Our subject, a native of Hamilton County, and 
born January 10, 1846, is the son of William 
Rhoades, a native of Pennsylvania, who, reared 
and educated in the Keystone State, early made 
his home in the farther west. Settling in Hamil- 
ton County, the father became a leading citizen 
of this locality, ably aiding in all matters of mu- 
tual welfare, and, a public-spirited man, com- 
manded universal esteem. 

The mother, Drusilla (Robinson) Khoades, wjis 
born in Kentucky, but in youth accompanied her 
father, David Robinson, to Hamilton County, Ind., 
from that time her permanent home. The Robin- 
sons, well and favorably known in the early days 
of Kentucky, were of respected English ancestors, 
who by intelligent industry made for themselves 
homes and positions of usefulness and inlluence. 
Our subject, the second son in the familv of five 
children who clustered about the family hearth, 
was in childhood trained in the round of agri- 
cultural duties upon his father's farm and attained 
to mature age manly, resolute and enterprising. 
He had well improved his opportunities of instruc- 
tion ill the nearest district school, and to the 



knowledge gained in 3'outh has added a valuable j 
store of information, obtained by reading and ob- I 
servation. I 

Soon after, or about tlie time he readied liis ma- 
jority, Jlr. Rlioades began life for liimself as a 
general farmer. A thorouglily practical agricul- 
turist, he prosperously conducted the sowing and 
reaping of a bounteous harvest for a number of 
years, but in 1885 he removed U) Noblesville, 
and for some time was variously engaged. Dur- 
ing the Civil War, our subject also for a period 
forsook the peaceful avocation of a tiller of the : 
soil, and in the year 1862 enli.sted in Company 
E. Eleventh Indiana Regiment, commanded by 
Gen. Lew Wallace, and was assigned U) the 
Army of the Cumberland. Mr. Rhoades, gallant- 
ly engaging in behalf of national existence, par- 
tici[)ated in the Shenandoah campaign, took an 
active part in the close fight at Cedar Creek, and, 
cxjnstantly on duty, was in the thick of many a ' 
skirmish and decisive battle. Tlie principal battles I 
in which he bore a part were the siege of Vicks- ■ 
burg and the battle of Champion Hills. lie took 
part in the Red River e.xpeditif)n, and did guard 
duty three months at Tepado, La., and was then 
transferred to the Army of the Potomac. At the 
front for a period of nearly three years, and 
constantly exposed to the perils of capture, im- 
prisonnJent and death, our subject escaped with- 
out even a serious wound, and, mustered out of the 
army in 1865, at Baltimore, Md., and diseiiarged 
at Indianapolis, he returned at once to Hamilton 
County, and resuming his former occupation, was 
numljeied among the leading farmers of his lo- 
cality until his permanent removal to Noblesville. 

Politically a stanch Republican, he was elected 
as a candidateof that party in 1892 to the office of 
Sheriff, and is now engaged in the discharge of the 
duties pertaining to this important position. Fra- 
ternal I}- associated with Noblesville Lodge No. 125, 
I. O. O. F., and a valued member of Lookout Post 
No. 133, G. A. R., he has in each society a host of 
friends, and no man in Hamilton County* to-daj- 
more firmly holds the confidence of the general pub- 
lic than Sheriff Rhoades. 

In the month of September, 1869, were united in j 
marriage Philip Rlioades and Miss Mary E. Ringer, I 

a native of Marion County, Ind.. and a daughter of 
Peter Ringer, a Marylander by birth. The union 
of our subject and his accolnpli■^lled wife ha- liccn 
blessed by the birth of seven children, livf sons 
and two daughters, four of whom are yet surviv- 
ing. Frank is the eide-t; then follow, William P., 
.Minnie May and Katie. .Mr. and Mrs. Rhoades 
are prominent members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and are liberal givers in behalf of religious 
work and benevolent enterprises. Thev occupy a 
high position in the sfx.-ial world of Noblesville, 
and in their pleasant home receive a wide circle of 
friends and acquaintances. 

11 (?§) occupies a valuable farm of < 
jl—^'-. and thirty-five acres near No 

GRANGER, who owns and 
one hundred 
Noblesville. is 
one of the worth}' citizens thatOhio has furnished 
Uj this community. He wa.s born in Hamilton 
County in the State, .\ugust 25, 1822, 
and is one of nine children who were born unto 
Chester C. and Miranda (Everett) Granger. The 
Granger family is of English origin. The father 
was a native of Connecticut, and by profession 
was a physician. With his wife and eight children 
he came to this county in October, 1828, settling 
in Wayne Township, where he died two years later, 
at the age of forty-four. From the (ioveruinenl 
he entered land and began the development of a 
farm. During the War of 1812, he was one of the 
minute men of the state militia of Massachusetts. 

Mrs. Granger was of Scotch descent. She was 
born and reared near Brattleboro, Vt., and was a 
daughter of a Mr. Everett, a wheelwright, who re- 
moved with his family to western New York, where 
he followed his trade. One child was born unto 
Mr. and Mi-s. Granger after coming to this state. 

At the age of twelve years, our subject was left 
homeless, and began working for farmers at iS 
per month. When he was a lad of thirteen, he 
was considered the equal of any man in the com- 
munity at pioneer work. At sixteen years he re- 
ceived * 11 per month, which was greater wages 
than any man iu the neighborhood obtained. 



During all this time his school privileges were 
quite meagre. At the age of eighteen, he began 
serving au apprenticeship to E. Ridgeway, a boot 
and shoe maker of Noblesville, and worked for 
two years for his board and clothes. After three I 
years, he opened a shop of his own. 

On the 2d of June, 1844, Mr. Granger wedded 
Miss Nancy E. Harrison, who was born in Nobles- 
ville Township, June 6, 1826, and is a daughter 
of Carey W. and Matilda (Scarce) Harrison. Her 
parents were among the early pioneers of this 
county, whither they came from Kentucky in 1826. 
They settled on Government laud, and took up 
eighty acres. Mr. Harrison built a log cabin, and 
about ten years later a hewed log house, in which 
they lived for thirty years. His death occurred 
in Cicero, at the age of sixty-five, and his wife 
passed away at the age of sixtj'. Mr. Granger 
says of his father-in-law: "Mr. Harrison was one of 
the best and most loved pioneers in this section." 
He certainly was highly respected by all, and his 
friends throughout the community were many. In 
politics he was an active Democrat and served for 
two terms as Sheriff of the county. 

For two years after his marriage, Mr. Granger 
carried on his farm is Noblesville, and then spent 
two years upon a farm where his father first settled. 
The succeeding two years were passed on the farm 
of Mr. Harrison, and he again purchased eighty 
acres of land, on which he lived for ten years. In 
order to provide his children with better school 
facilities, he removed to Noblesville. Later he re- 
moved to the farm, but again, after five years, 
went to Noblesville, where he lived for three 
years, giving hischildren the benefit of its schools. 
About 1872, he came to his present farm, which now 
comprises one hundred and thirty-five acres of 
rich and arable land. Ilis property has all been 
acquired through his own industry, perseverance 
and enterprise and the assistance of his estimable 
wife. Her death occurred April 3, 1893, and her 
loss was mourned throughout the entire com- 

Unto this worthy couple wore born ten children: 
Edwin H., a real-estate and loan dealer of Boston, 
who married Abigail Perkins, by whom helms two 
daughlcrs; Calvin W., who married A^alinda Gra- 

ham, and is. a minister of the Disciple Church; 
Jasper L., who is engaged in business in Atchison, 
Kan., and who married Clara Jennings, by whom 
he has three children; Carey W., a traveling man of 
Omaha, who married Jennie Frickes; Lew W., a 
railroad man of Mt. Pleasant, Tex., who married 
Sophia Ruble; Matilda, wife of Horace Hill, a 
machinist of Andersonville, by whom she has 
three children; Hattie M., at home; and Dick, who 
is clerking in Johnston's dry-goods store. They 
also lost a daughter at the age of fourteen years, 
and a son, at the age of four years. 

The parents and family all attend the Disciple 
Church, and the members of the Granger household 
are prominent in social and business circles. Our 
subject cast his first Presidential vote for Henry 
Clay, and wasa Whig until 1856, since which time 
he has been a stalwart Republican. He has been 
honored with a number of local offices. He, too, 
is numbered among the pioneers, for many years 
have passed since his arrival, during which time 
he has witnessed the growth and u[)building of 
the county and aided largely in its development. 

l^OBERT C. HOWARD. A noble class of 
|L^ men has built up the agricultural interests 
iii^ of Madison County, Ind., and made it a 
garden spot in the great commonwealth of 
the state. Among those who have been active and 
efficient in the work is he whose name stands at 
the head of this sketch. He has been identified 
with the farming interests of the county for many 
years, and in every walk of life has conducted 
himself in an honorable, upright manner. His fine 
farm of two hundred and eighty acres is one of 
the most attractive agricultural spots of the dis- 
trict, being conspicuous for the management that, 
while making it neat and attractive, still >li()ws 
prudence and economy. He no doubt inherits 
much of his thrift and energy from his Teutonic 
ancestors, for the Howards came originally from 
Germany, and settled in the Old Doniiuion, where 
they became prominent people. 

Mr. Howard was born in Ross County, Ohio, in 


1850, and is the son of John and Margaret E. 
(Jones) Howard, and the grandson of Adam How- 
arii,all natives of that grand old state, Virginia. 
(For furtlier particulars of parents, see sketch of 
William A. Howard.) The original of this notice 
received a limited education in his native county, 
and continued to make his home there until 1872, 
when ho wont tii Clark Cdutity, this stale, and pur- 
chased a farm. Later h(> sold out and moved to 
Hartford City, but after a short residence there, 
settled in Delaware County, where he conducted a 
general store for three years. From there lie moved 
•to Summitvillo, and has since made liis linme in 
this village. 

On August 2, 1871, Mr. Howard was married to 
Miss Earncstine Thomas, a native of the Buckeye 
State, and the daughter of Asa Thomas, of Frank- 
fort, Ohio. Mrs. Howard was a consistent and most 
worthy member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
Her deatii occurred July 2, 1875, and twociiildren, 
Ernest Homer and Edward R., were left without a 
mother's tender care. On August HI, 1880, Jlr. 
Howard was married to Miss Pandora Padon, a 
native of Illinois and the daughter of Elijah 
Padon, a native of North Carolina, and a farmer 
by occupation. Our subject's second marriage re- 
sulted in the birth of three children: Emniett, 
Hall)h and Charley. 

When our subject was twenty-one years of age, 
he rented his father's farm and started out to figlit 
life's battles with limited means. Being indus- 
trious and thoroughgoing, he managed toaccumu- 
lat<' considerable means, and when he came to In- 
diana from his native state, he had about *;i,()()() 
cash. This he invested judiciously, and aside from 
his fine farm of two hundred and eighty acres, he 
owns a good residence in the town, besides other 
property. At present he is Director of tlie biiek 
works, also a Director in tiie Johnson Land Com- 
pany, and President of Suminitville Land and Im- 
provement Company. In the fall of 1881 he was 
elected Treasurer of the School Board, which i)Osi- 
tion he still holds to the satisfaction of all. He is 
also a Trustee. In 1892 he was elected County 
Commissioner on the Democratic ticket. The po- 
litieal views of Mr. Howard are embodied in the 
platform of the Democratic party. He is a inera- 


ber of the Masonic fraternity, Lodge No. 175, 
at Suinmitville. The social circles of \'an Iluren 
Township are fortunate in having such worthy 
people as Mr. and Mrs. Howard, who are helpers in 
the promotion of intelligence and sociability. 

\l AMES T. LARMORE, senior member of the 
firm of Larmore Brothers, of Anderson, 
born near Harrison County, Ohio, April 21, 
1855. lie is the third in a family of nine 
children (all living) born to the union of Jauu-s 
and Catiiarine (Cann) Larmore. His father was 
born in Indiana in 1822, and in his childhood he 
accompanied the other members of the family to 
Ohio, where he made lii> homef..r a period of f.,rty- 

in the Buckeye .Slate he engaged in agricultural 
pursuits, meeting with fair success in his chosen oc- 

About twent,\-tive years ago James Larmore lo- 
cated in Rush County, hid., where he sojourned 
for four j-ears. From there he came to Anderson 
Township, Madison County, where he engaged in 
fanning for a number of years. At the urgent re- 
quest of his son, our subject, he linally entered the 
dairy business, forming a part iiei shi|i with .lames 
T., and meeting with unvarying success in that en- 
terprise. After seven years thus spent the senior 
member of the firm retired from active business, 
and has since lived upcm his homestead, wliere, 
at the age of seventy -one years, he is enjoying the 
fruits of former industry and energy. His wife, 
who is a native of Ohio, also survives, being now 
(1893) sixly-flve years of age. 

When the family came to Indiana, .lames T. ac- 
companied them liilher.aiid for a number of years 
thereafter was actively engaged in the cultivation 
of the farm. At the age of twenty-three he formed 
a partnership with his father in the dairy business, 
and seven years afterward, upon dissolving the 
connection, he removed to what is now known as 
Shadeland Addition to the city of Anderson. Here 
he established a dairy enterprise in company with 
his younger brother, Walter II., who had purchased 



the inteiest of liis father. The brothers bought a 
|)ortion of wliat is known as the Cumbaek prop- 
erty, on which they erected a dairy barn, 56x122 
feet in dimensions, with fine accommodations for 
sixty head of stock, and containing all the modern 

The firm condncts a large and satisfactory dairy 
Imsiness. Within the past two years they have 
made a specialty of the manufacture of ice-cream, 
bringin.g to the development of that branch of 
their business all the modern appliances for 
making a superior article of cream in great 
variety. The}' have secured the services of 
one of the most skillful ice-cream experts in the 
state a^ manufacturer, the work being done b}' 
iiiaihiMciy. 'I'his development has been fully ap- 
l>reciate(l by the citizens, and. as a result, their ca- 
p.acit}' is tested to the utmost during the season. 
The firm is one of the foremost in the develop- 
ment of their liraneh of business in this part of 
the state. 

JNIarch, i>, 1884, JIi-. Larmore married Miss 
Maude, daughter of John McKahan. of Anderson. 
They are the parents of two children: Fred G. and 
Kenneth. Socially, Mr. Larmore is a member of 
Anderson Lodge, K. of P., being a prominent 
worker in that fraternal organization. In his 
political belief, he advocates the men and meas- 
ures of the Republican party, but while defending 
its principles he is by no means a politician and 
has never sought political preferment. 

ETER P. ILLYES, one of the extensive 
land owners of Hamilton County, who has 
^ six hundred acres of fine land, is now living 
\ on section 20, Noblesville Township. Ham- 
ilton County numbers him among her native sons, 
for he was here born August 13, 1842, his par- 
ents being George and Anna (Deal) lUyes. The 
former was born in Lancaster County, Pa., and at 
tlie age of ten years went to live with an uncle. 
When a youth of fourteen he returned home, 
where he remained until attaining his majority. 

His father then gave him $1,000, and walking! 
to Indiana, he entered land in Jackson Township, 
Hamilton County. He then left home, but in 
1837 again came to the Hoosier State, living on 
his first farm until 1872, when he removed to Ar- 
cadia, and lived retired until his death at the age 
of s ixty-three. His wife was born in Ohio, and 
died on the old homestead at the age of fifty. Of 
their lour children two are yet living: Peter, and 
Elizabeth, wife of Marion A. Lynch. After the 
death of his first wife, Mr. lUyes was again mar- 
ried. The paternal grandparents of our subject 
were natives of Lancaster County, Pa., and there 
spent their entire lives. The maternal grandpar- 
ents were farming people of Ohio. 

Amid tiie wild scenes of frontier life our sub- 
ject was reared and early became inured to hard 
labor. He attended the district schools and gave 
his father the benefit of his services until twenty- 
three years of age, when he went to Tipton 
County and learned the trade of manufacturing 
grain cradles, at which he worked for five j^ears. 
He then returned home, and with the profits of his 
business during that period purchased a fine farm. 

Oa the 12th of January, 1871, Mr. Ill3'es married 
Emma Miesse, who was born October 24, 1847, 
in Pickaway County, Ohio, and is a daughter of 
Samuel K. and Phoebe (Bohner) Miesse. They 
were natives of Pennsylvania, in an early day 
went to Ohio, and later came to Indiana, where 
the father died at the age of sixty-five. His widow 
is still living on the old homestead. Unto Mr. and 
Mrs. Illyes have been born six children: Ada B., 
who was educated in the Greencastle Musical In- 
stitute, and IS also a graduate of the Noblesville 
high schools; George S. A., who was educated in 
the high school of Noblesville; Vesta Bertha, 
Samuel J., Theresa P. and Harrison H. 

Mr. Illyes lived upon the old homestead from 
his marriage until 1881, when he removed to his 
present fine farm. He now owns nearly six hun- 
dred acres of valuable land in this county. His 
commodious and elegant residence was erected in 
1886, at a cost Qf more than $5,000. Mr. Illyes 
carries on genei'Sl farming and stock-raising and 
ships his own stock. He is also interested in other 
business. He is a stockholder in the water com- 


M ^ \ •' 





piuiy ill Noblesville, and owns a private gas well. 
Since casting his first Presidential vote for Abra- 
Ikimi Lincoln, he has been a stalwart supporter of 
tlic Republican party. Himself and wife and two 
cliildren are members of the Evangelical Church, 
and he belongs to the Odd Fellows' society of Xo- 
lik'sviilc. Mr. lUyes is recognized as one of Uie 
licst citizens of tliis community. He is pleasant 
and genial in manner, a true gentleman, and in his 
business dealings lias always been honorable and 

S^^ B. DAVIS owns and operates a large tile 
II Jlj factory and sawmill, and also a valuable 
y^ farm, consisting of one hundred and sixt}'- 
three .Teres in Stony Creek Townshii), Madison 
Count V. The Imsiness in which he engages 
is one of the most extensive in the county, 
and steady employment is given to a force of 
lifteen men, the products of tiie factory being sold 
in the various markets at fair prices. Our subject 
is the son of Thomas .J. Davis, a native of North 
Carolina, who migrated to Indiana in 1815, ar- 
riving in Fayette County on the 1st of November 
of that year. He came to Madison County De- 
cember 8, 18,04, and purchased three hundred and 
twenty acres of land, where he remained until his 
career was terminated by death, m November, 

Unto Thomas .T. Davis and liis wife, who was a 
native of Georgia, and bore the maiden name of 
Maria Ball, there were born nine children, namely: 
William, a resident of Fayette County, Ind.; 
.Ias|)er N., also residing in Fayette County; Eliza, 
whose home is in Nebraska; .lames H., of Madison 
County; I). B., of this sketch; Elizabeth M., a res- 
ident of Anderson, Ind.; Rachel Ann, who makes 
her home in Tipton County, Ind.; .lohn E., of 
Andeisou; and Sanih .1.. wlio lives in Jasper 
County, Ind. Tlic mother still survives and re- 
sides in Anderson. Politically-, the father was a 
Whig, and contributed not a little to the success 
of his chosen party in his community. 

In Fayette County, Ind., the eyes of our sub- 
ject opened to the world in 1840. He was reared 

on a farm in his native county, where he attended 
school for a sliortliine. His father'.s ilealh occur- 
ring when he was a youth of foui'teen, he was 
thrown upon his own resources early in life, and 
became self-supporting at a time when the major- 
ity of boys are devoting their energies to their 
studies or their boyish sports. Enlisting in 1861, 
he served with valor throughout the entire pe- 
riod of the Civil War as a member of Company 
G, Forty-seventh Indiana Infantry, Capt. .lack 
Robinson commanding. lie was engaged in many 
of the most fiercely contested and bloody bat- 
tles of the war, and suffered greatly from ex- 
posure, but fortunately escaped without injury, 
being the onlj- man in his company who was not 
wounded during the entire peiiod of seivice. lie 
is now identified with the (liand Aniiy of the 
Republic, being a member of the post at Anderson. 
In 1867 Mr. Davis and Miss Matilda E. Ends, 
daughter of Oscar Eads, were united in marriage, 
and they are the parents of six children: Brittle 
M., Arthur C, Jocelyn H, Bessie L., Roscoe C. and 
Weaver B. For some years after his marriage, 
Mr. Davis continued to give his attention exclu- 
sively to fanning, but in 1884 he embarked in the 
tile and sawmill business, which he still manages 
with success. He is not active in political affairs, 
and in voting his support is given to the best 
men and the best measures, irrespective of i)arty 

(Tpy, EV. EBER TETER, President of the Indi- 
%iv ana Wesleyan Methodist Conference and 
iili \vi Vice-President of the General Conference, 
^1^ was born in Adams Township, Hamilton 
County, Ind., January 28, 1846. His father, 
whose name was also Fiber, born in Pendleton 
County, Va., April 13, 1806. The paternal 
grandfather, George Teter, was born in the same 
county in Virginia, September 9, 1784, and was a 
sou of George Teter, Sr., who removed to Virginia 
from North Carolina. The father of the last- 
named, also George, was a (ierman by birth, and 
upon emigration to the United States, first settled 
in North Carolina. 

As far back .as we have been able to trace the 


family genealogy, they were Methodists in religi- 
ous belief and were opposed to slavery. The 
father of our subject and his father's family left 
the south on account of slaver^', and settled in 
Tipton County, Ind., where Grandfather Teter 
died many years ago. In October, 1834, Eber 
Teter, Sr., settled in Adams Township, east ol the 
present town of Sheridan. He was intensely op- 
posed to slavery, and when, in 1843, the Metho- 
dist Church was divided on the slavery question, 
he went witii the Wesleyan branch of the church. 
A iran of libeial education, he taught school for 
many years and was a local preacher in the Metho- 
dist Church, and later in the Wesleyan Methodist 
Churcli. During the days of slavery he was one 
of the most prominent men in Hamilton County, 
and was OJie of the proprietors of the under- 
ground railroad, one of the largest stations on 
the line being at his place. Many a poor runaway 
negro found a safe haven in his home. 

Coming to this country poor in purse, Mr. Teter 
accumulated one thousand acres of land, which he 
divided among his children prior to his death. 
He was quite prominent in local politics, and 
served in a number of official capacities, including 
that of Township Trustee. His death, August 20, 
1878, was widely mourned as a public loss. His 
brothers were, Eli, George, Jacob, Ebal, Asa and 
Mahlon. Eli, a farmer by occupation, died in 
Tiplon County; George and .Jacob owned a tan- 
iier}' at Boxley, Hamilton County, where both 
died; Ebal, Asa and Mahlon are now living in 
Tipton County; the first-named is a miller, and 
the others are engaged in farming. 

The mother of our subject, whose maiden name 
was Margaret Phares, was born in Pendleton 
County, Va., September 18, 1813. Her father, 
Johnson Phares, was an Irishman by birth and came 
to this country when a boy. A farmer by occupa- 
tion, he engaged in liis chosen occupation in Vir- 
ginia, where he died at ninety years of age. His 
wife, Catherine (Wymer) Phares, was born in 
Pendleton County, Va., of German parentage. 
Mrs. Margaret Teter was quite active in religious 
work and, having lived a faithful Christian life, 
died in the hope of immortality, December 22, 1889. 

The gentleman whose name appears at the head 

of this sketch is the eighth of a family of twelve 
children. Mahala, the eldest, was born April 20, 
1832, married John Higbey and removed to 
Nebraska, where she died in 1889. Boyd, whose 
birth occurred December 1, 1834, removed to Kan- 
sas, and from there to Bridgeport, W.ish., where he 
is Postmaster and also engages in mercantile pur- 
suits. George, who was born August 25, 1836, 
served as Captain of a militia company and en- 
tered the army as Fourth Sergeant of Company H, 
Fifty-seventh Indiana Infantry. He was slightly 
wounded at the battle of Shiloh and was dis- 
charged for disability. Again chosen Captain of 
the militia, he served in that capacity until the 
close of the Civil War. While at San Antonio. 
Tex., Februaiy 8, 1891, he was .accidentally killed. 
Ambrose, of whom mention is made elsewhere in 
this volume, served in Company A, One Hundred 
and Ninth Indiana Infantry, and participated in 
the Morgan raid during the Civil War. He is now 
a tile manufacturer and farmer on a part of the 
old homestead. Catherine was three times mar- 
ried, her second husband having been Dr. A. S. 
Hetherington, a Captain in the Civil War. After 
his death she married D. L. Overholser, and at 
present resides in Logansport, Ind. Isaac and 
Sarah died, in infancy. Margaret, who was born 
April 2, 1848, married .lusepli Harman and lives in 
Noblesville. Solinda, who was born December 7, 
1851, married AVesley Isgrig and removed to Mis- 
souri, where she died. Jacob P., was born March 
10, 1854, and died January 16, 1861. Edith, who 
was born Januaiy 8, 1856, is the wife of 1). ^I. 
Hare, the stockman of Sheridan. 

Upon his father's farm our subject grew to man- 
hood. July 1, 1863, he entered Company A, One 
Hundred and Seventeenth Indiana Infantry, in 
which he served until February 24, 1864, being on 
guard duty most of the time. He participated in 
several minor engagements, but was in no large 
battle. He prosecuted his studies in Wlieaton, 
111., in 1864-65, and later, from the year 1866 
to 1867, he attended a Wesleyan College in 
Adrian, Mich. During a portion of this time he 
taught school. After his education was com- 
pleted he taught for several years. He had ever 
been active in Christian work, and in 1870 he 


was ordained ;i iiiiiiistcr in tlie Wesleyan Metlio- 
disl Churcli. In 1«72 he went to Tennessee as a 
missionary, remaining lliere for two years. In 
addition to his duties as u minister of tiie Gosjjel, 
l\e tauglif school there for one ycai-. 

Returning to Sheridan in ISTI. l!e\-. :\Ii-. 'I'cter 
has since been a resident of this plnce. In recog- 
nition of his ability and iiis devotion to the cause 
of Christianity, he was, in 188(>, elected President 
of tlic Indiana Wesleyan Conference, and in 18i>l 
was eliosen \ice-I're,Mdent (if the (Jenernl Con- 
ference, l)Otli of wliich l)o>itloiis lie holds at the 
present time, 1893. As an orator, he has few 
equals in his locality; and as a i)reacher, he is car- 
nest, fearless and untiring. Ciitil 1884 he was a 
Kepulilican, since wliicli lime he has been identified 
with the Prohiliilion pMrty. lie has twice been a 
candidate for the Leiii>latui-e on this ticket, but 
it beiiiu' in the iiiiiiurity lie was defeated. 

In addition to his work in the Christian field, 
Mr. Teter has been eng.iged in business pursuits, 
lie aided in organizing the Sheridan Building & 
Loan Association, of which he was President for 
eight years, and is now one of the largest stock- 
holders. He is also a stockholde'- in the Sheridan 
Building, Investment A Savings Company, and been interested in other enterprises. His 
home is on a fort3-acre farm just outside the cor- 
porate limits of Sheridan. He has been twice 
married. December 24, 1867, he was united with 
Miss Susan Hetherington, who was born in High- 
land County, Ohio, October KS, 1843, and died 
February 9, 1872. I'lie father of Mrs. Teler, 
Christopher Hetherington, was born in Ireland in 
1794 and emigrated lo the I'liitcd Stales, settling 
in Ohio. 

The first marriage of Mr. Teter resulted in the 
birth of two daughters: \iigliiia Mary, who was 
born October 20, ISOS. and is now the wife of 
Euos Pickett, of Adams Townshii); and Mary 
Margaret, whose birth occurred March 13, 1871. 
She married Wiiliam Rawlings. a fanner of Adams 
Township. On the :U\ of November, 1872. Mr. 
Teter and .Mi» l-;ii/,alietli llow.ard were united in 
marriage. Mrs. Teter born in Pulaski, Tenn., 
and is the daughter of William Howard, a native 
of Kentucky, and a cabinetmaker by trade. The 

Howard family is of Knglish ancotry. iVIrs. 
Teter was one of seven children, the iithers be- 
ing John, William, David, Mary, .Sarah, Annah, 
and two half-brothers, George and I.eander. She 
is the mother of live children, namely: .lohn iv 
W., who was born September 12, 1873; An vie I*",., 
Decembers, 1874; Matlie Annah. April 2, 187<;: 
Grace E.. January 1, 1883; and (ieorge, born 
October 20, 1878. The children have been the 
recipients of excellent educational arlvantages in 
the .schools of Sheridan, and John and Auvie arc 
now teachers in the public schools. 

^'OHN N. ANDERSON. Closely connected 
with the growth of Madison County along 
^^l|. the lines of material and moral progress 
^5^^' stands the name of .Mr. Anderson, who is a 
resident of Stony Creek Townsliiii. He is especi- 
ally prominent in agricultural circles and is the 
owner of one hundred and sixty .acres, u|iini 
which he has placed improvements of a most sub- 
stantial character. Both as a farmer and as a 
citizen, he has become well and favoi.ably known, 
and his undertakings have been so wisely planned 
and executed that he has attained success. His 
dealings witli men have been of a most varied 
char.acter, but, notwitlistandinghis diverse business 
relations, his name has remained untouched by 
the slightest reproach. 

Born in Hamilton County., hid.. .lune 10. 1846. 
the subject of this biographical notice spent his 
boyhood upon the farm belonging to his father, 
.John Anderson. For a time in his boyhood years 
he attended school, but his attendance was ab- 
ruptly terminated by illnes.s. The other sons and 
daughters in the family left the old homestead, 
establishing domestic ties of their own, but he re- 
mained with his father until after his marriage. 
He was then given an eighty-acre tract of land by 
his father, and, settling upon that pl.ace, he at once 
commenced its improvement. Much of his suc- 
cess he owes to the counsel and assistance of his 
father, of whom further mention is made in the 



biographical sketch of Ed I. Anderson, presented 
elsewliere in this volume. 

When prepared to establish a home of liis own, 
the subject of this sketch was united in man iage, 
July 23, 1880, with Miss Lyda F., daughter of 
James Dewitt and a native of Madison County. 
Five children blessed the union, two of whom are 
deceased, the survivors being Vesta Pearl, Cela 
and Virgil, bright and intelligent children, who are 
receiving the best educational advantages afforded 
by the schools of the neighborhood. While he is 
not a politician in the usual acceptation of that 
term, Mr. Anderson takes an interest in political 
matters and casts his ballot for the candidates and 
measures advocated by the Democratic party. 
With his wife, he holds membership in the Metho- 
dist Church and contributes generously to relig- 
ious and charitable projects. 

EVI A. HAINES, one of the self-made men 
of Hamilton County, now living in Nobles- 
ville Township, was born in Columbiana 
County, Ohio, January 16, 1826, and is a son of 
Levi and Sarah (Hatchee) Haines. The father 
was a native of New Jersey, and when a young 
man went to Ohio, where he cleared and improved 
a farm. He first settled in Columbiana County, 
and in 1830 went to Stark County. Six years 
later he came to Indiana, looating in Washington 
Township, Hamilton County," where he bought 
eighty acres of partially improved land. In 1858 
he went to northern Iowa, where he lived upon a 
farm until his death, at the age of seventy-five 
years. His wife died when our subject was a lad 
of only seven summers. There were eleven chil- 
dren, all of whom reached adult age, while seven 
are yet living. Both the paternal and maternal 
grandparents were New Jersey people and died in 

No event of special importance occurred during 
the childhood and youth of our subject, which 
were quietly passed upon the home farm. The 
only educational privileges he received were those 
afforded by the district schools, but he possesses an 
observing eye and retentive memory, and through 


observation and experience he has become a well 
informed man. At the age of seventeen he 
learned the carpenter's trade, which he followed as 
a means of livelihood for ten years. 

In 1848 Mr. Haines was united in mariiage with 
Miss Rebecca Puckett, who was born near Teire 
Haute, Ind., and is a daughter of Daniel and Re- 
becca (Cook) Puckett. By their union have 
been born seven children, five of whom are yet 
living. Sarah H. is the wife of William Starn, by 
whom she has had three children, two yet living. 
Oliver M., who is a groceryman of Noblesville, is 
married and has two children. John F. is Superin- 
tendent of the public schools of Noblesville. Edwin 
A. is also married. Frank A. is married and car- 
ries on a drug store in Noblesville. 

For some years Mr. Haines worked at his trade 
of carpentering in Carmel and then removed to his 
present home, in 1858. He has followed farming 
for many years, placed his land in a high state of 
cultivation and made many improvements thereon. 
He also worked at his trade, and in 1882 opened a 
general store. He has led a busy and useful life 
and by his well directed efforts, enterprise and 
perseverance he has accumulated a handsome com- 

During President Harrison's administration, Mr. 
Haines was appointed Postmaster of Gray's post- 
offlce and still holds the position. He has held 
other local oflices and in all has promptly and 
faithfully performed eveiy duty. He cast his 
first Presidential vote for Scott in 1856, supported 
Fremont, and has since been a Republican. He 
and his wife are members of the Friends' Church 
and lake an active part in religious work. He is 
truly a self-made man and has led an exemplary 

PIRANK K. PEIRCE, prominently con- 
J nected with the Alexandiia Land and Gas 
Companj', and a leading citizen, thorough- 
ly devoted to the development of the interests of 
Alexandria, Madison County, is favorably known 
throughout the state of which he has been a life- 
time resident, and was born in Hagerstown, Wayne 
Count}', September 18, 1857. His father, Isaac A. 


Peirce, a native of Tennessee, and the youngest 
of a family of seven children, was the son of An- 
drew Peirce. Tlie paternal grandfather was a 
Aiiginian by birth and of remote Irish descent, 
but tlie Peirce family was numbered among the 
F. F. V's long before the Revolutionary War, in 
which many of tlie forefathers took an active 
part. They were all bitterly opposed to slavery, 
and as they occupied positions of influence in the 
soutli, it was undoubtedly owing to their abolition 
sentiments that tl)ey finally located in Indiana. 
Andrew Peirce was among the very early pioneers 
of VV^ayne County, settling on a tract of wild land 
near llagerstown, where many years after he died. 
He bequeatlied to his youngest son, Isaac A., the 
old homestead and deeded him the property, liav- 
ing himself received the original deed from the 
Government of the United States. The eldest sou 
of the grandfather, named in his honor Andrew, 
is now a wealthy land owner at Blountsville, 
Henr.y Countj', andlias held a high official posi- 
tion in his home locality. The other sous, with 
tlie exception of Isnac A., went to the farther west 
and but liltle is known of their late history. 
Thomas located in Mu.xico, Mo., and was account- 
ed a shrewd, far-seeing man. A politician of 
note, he was at one time connected with theUni- 
te<l States ( loverninoit Land Otlice at Mexico, 
Mo., where he latrr died. P:zra, settling in Des 
Moines, Iowa, ina<lc a fortune in the stock busi- 

Isaac A., the father, coming into possession of 
the homestead, lias continuously' remained upon 
the old farm, an<i has served with abdity as 
County Commissioner of Wayne Count}'. Dur- 
ing the Civil War he contributed liberally from 
his ample fortune to the cause of the Union and 
gave generously to the support of families be- 
reaved by the terrilde carnage of the battle-field. 
Many a widow and had cause to bless the 
name of Isaac Peirce, and man}' an unfortunate 
to whom he extended a helping hand is now 
numbered among the prosperous citizens of the 
west. He was one of the heaviest dealers in live- 
stock in the state and was one of the first Indi- 
anians to import blooded stock from Kentucky. 
He was for many years the President of the Citi- 

zens' Bank of llagerstown, and is to-day one of 
the largest laud owners and most highly esteemed 
citizens of Wayne County. Now seventy-six 
years of age, he is living a retired life upon the 
old homestead, where in the evening of his days 
he may with pleasure review his well spent life. 
The ihother of our subject, Fanny (Pollard) 
Peirce, the daughter of a very early pioneer from 
Maryland, was born in Wayne County, and liic 
family, energetic and useful citizens, were un- 
doubtedly of French descent. Mrs. Fanny Peirce, 
yet surviving, and almost three-score _years and 
ten, is a woman of fine character, beloved by all 
who know her. Her brother, Stephen Pollard, an 
early settler of California, liecamo a leading citi- 
zen and was at one time connected in San Fran- 
cisco with the United States Mint. 

Frank K. Peirce, our subject, was the youngest 
of the five sons who blessed the home of the par- 
ents. George M., a man of unusual promise, and 
the eldest brother, were graduates of Asbury Uni- 
versity, now Du Pauw. He lost his health while 
in the service of his country, and never rallied 
from tlic effects of the privations he iiassed 
through as a soldier of the Civil War. He pos- 
sessed literary abilitj' of a liigh order and, a foici- 
ble writer even in boyhood, furnished articles for 
Harper's and other leading periodicals, lie died 
in 1875. Allen, the second brother, is unm.-irried 
and living at llagerstown, where he is known as a 
man of independent fortune and one of the most 
extensive money loaners in that locality. 'I'imo- 
thy partially lost liis eye-sight at twenty years of 
age and since has been almost totally blind. 
Stephen is a successful dry-goods merchant of 
(iarnett, Kan. Our subject, reared near Hagers- 
town, completed his studies at Du Pauw Univer- 
sity, but on account of failing health was unable 
to graduate and went to Kansas in about is?:!, 
hoping to recover his strength there. He was for 
a time with a cousin at Ft. Scott, and having 
spent about eighteen months in Kansas, the In- 
dian Nation and the southwest, returned to his 

July 4, 1876, were united in marriage Frank K. 
Peirce and Miss Mary Josephine Cheesman, then 
a school girl of sixteen and the daughter of Rich- 



ard C. Cheesman, the wealthy pork-packer, land- 
owner and capitalist of Hagerstown, one of the 
prominent men of the county. For two years suc- 
ceeding his marriage Mr. Peirce engaged in the 
drug business in Hagerstown, and the following 
three years had charge of some of his father's 
landed interests. Our subject later journeyed 
again to Kansas and bought a half-section of im- 
proved land for $8,200, afterward belling this pur- 
chase for $11,000. The land was located in or 
near Parsons, where Mr. Peirce dealt extensively 
in real estate and enjoyed exceptional financial 

Finally returning to his Indiana home, our sub- 
ject became connected with Major Doxey in the 
gas bell, and superintended the construction of 
the pipe line at Rushville and Connersville. At 
the last-named place Mr. Peirce put a twenty-four 
mile main line and sixteen miles city line, and in 
Lebanon placed a thirteen mile main line and a 
sixteen mile city line, also doing similar work in 
other towns and villages. In 1891, our subject 
located in Alexandria, then a village of a few 
hundred people, and in company with Major 
Doxey and prominent residents of the place in- 
corporated the Alexandria Land and Gas Com- 
pany and soon the town began to boom. Mr. 
Peirce proved a most important factor in the de- 
velopment of the gas interests and was unremit- 
ting in his efforts to forward the establishment of 
various manufacturing enterprises within the am- 
bitious j'oung town. He was one of the incorpo- 
rators of the Indiana Brick Company of Alexan- 
dria, now doing the largest busifiess in the state 
in its line. Our subject also became a principal 
stock-holder of the Connersville, Richmond and 
Lebanon Gas Company, as well as managing other 
extensive interests, and is widely known as an en- 
ergetic and successful business man. A liberal- 
minded citizen, progressive in his ideas, Mr. Peirce 
is exceedingly' poi)ular with all classes. Politi- 
cally a Republican, he was a member of the 
AVayne County Central Committee for four years 
and made himself known as a power during the 
campaign which elected Harrison. He was a dele- 
gale to the cm vention which nominated George 
Hovey, and is a far-seeing politician, intelligently 

posted in local and national Issues. Fraternally 
connected with the Masonic order, the Knights of 
Pythias and the Elks, our subject has occupied a 
high place in these various orders. A life-long 
temperance man, he is an ardent advocale of total 
abstinence and gives his influence in behalf of the 
reformation of fallen humanity. As a member of 
the Law and Order Society of Alexandria he has 
been a true guardian of the best interests of the 
city, which he has helped to rear. Unto our sub- 
ject and his estimable wife have been born four 
children: Edna Frances, Charley, Lula and Fanny; 
the eldest is sixteen years of age, and the young- 
est eight. Mr. and Mrs. Peirce occupy a po- 
sition of useful influence, and in their beautiful 
home receive many sincere friends and well-wish- 
ers. Our subject as a neighbor, citizen and busi- 
ness man has through his sagacity and intelligent 
judgment, justified the confidence reposed in him 
by a host of acquaintances. 



OBERT STOOT, who owns four liinidred 
and forty valuable acres of land in ll.aiiiiUon 
County, and has one of the best gas wells 
of Washington Township on his farm, is 
widely known as a prosperous agriculturist, a 
thoroughly practical business man, possessing 
energetic enterprise and being uniformly success- 
ful in his undertakings of life. ]Mr. Stoul is a native 
of Indiana, and was born in Randolph County 
February 7, 1820. His parents, Ephraim and Ruth 
(Howell) Stout, were 'early residents of the 
Hoosier State, but the father was born in North 
Carolina. Grandfather Stout, of direct English 
descent, also born in North Carolina and was 
a farmer and millwright of the old Tar State. He 
emigrated to Indiana when young and finally 
located in Howard Count}', where he died at the 
age of four-score and five years. He was a member 
of the Friends' Church, holding a birthright in that 

Politically a Whig, the paternal grandfather 
was ardently interested in the issues of the da^' 
and kept himself intelligently posted in public 
affairs, beinsr in fact a leader in local matters. The 


2 Oil 

father of our subject, Epliraini Stout, self-reliantly 
began earning liis living at eighteen years of age, 
and one year after entered into marriage, tlien 
wedding tiie motlier of our subject. Immediately 
succeeding his marriage, he began farming in 
Randolph County, Ind., but finally located in 
Hamilton County, Washington Township, and 
entered one hundred and sixty acres of Govern- 
ment land, where Kagletown now stands. For 
some six or seven years before his death he lived 
n retired life in Wcstlield. He had enjoyed only 
limited educational advantages, but had improved 
himself by reading and observation. In early life 
a Whig, he was later a Republican and was in 
religions affiliation a Fiiend, standing liigli in 
that church. He survived to tlie good old age of 
eighty-three years. 

Our subject, reared in the pioneer times of his 
miti ve state,walked four miles to the little primitive 
scIhkiI where he laid the broad foundations of 
fut\ire usefulness. His father was a successful 
hunter and in one day killed three bears and two 
deer. Our subject was early inured to hard toil and 
grew up manly and self-reliant. At nineteen ,years 
of age he began working by the month for 110 
and when he arrived at twenty-one, commenced 
to learn the trade of a shoemaker, continuing to 
work at the Iiumucss until 18(50, on part of the 
farm which he now owns. Clearing and cultivat- 
ing his land in the day-time, at night working 
upon his shoes, and frequently making a pair, Mr. 
Siout found all his waking hours filled with steady 
toil. He rose at four oV-lock in the morning and 
iMlioi'cd with cheerful indu>lry. and in time thus 
p;ii<l for the first eighty acres he ever owned, 
haidly won and doubly precious in possession. 

Our sul)ject with enterprise continued to add to 
his projierty until at one time he owned about five 
liiuidied and forty acres, and yet has, as before 
slated, four hundred and forty. When about 
twenty-four years of age, Robert Stout was united 
ill marriage with Miss .lemima Patten, the wedding 
taking place upon New Year's Day. 1S13. I\Irs. 
Stout was the daughter of William and Rebecca 
(Kssley) Patten, a prominent Indiana family. 
Tiie estimable wife of our subject received her 
edncutiou in the small and rudely furnished log 

house of the early days and was well trained in 
the ways of a household, 'i'lic pleasant home of 
Mr. and Mrs. Stout was blessed by the birth of 
six children, three of whom died in infancy. Mary 
Ann married Clarkson Allen and is the mother of 
five children. She resides near her parents on a 
home farm. L. R. married to Delanie C. Bennett, 
has two children. Andrew P. is next in order of 
birth, lie remained with his father until eighteen 
years of age and meantime attended college at 
Westficld. Three yivirs prior to attaining his 
majority he married Miss Eliza Ann Bowman 
and began life for himself. Seven children have 
lieen born unto the union. These grandchildren 
of oursiilijectare: Ida and Emma, whoare married; 
Raymond, deceased; Stella; Johnnie; Rannie and 
iNIaniie, twins. Andrew 1*. Stout has prosperously 
taught school, but is best known as a preacher 
and lecturer and spends a large portion of his 
time traveling. He is a member of the Christian 
Ciiureh and is esteemed as a man of intelligence 
and worth. Robert Stout and his son are both 
strong Republicans and loyal citizens, ever ready 
to assist in matters of national or local welfare. 
Our subject is undoubtedly one of tlie most suc- 
cessful and highly esteemed farmers of Hamilton 
County and, winning an independence, has liberally 
aided his children to homes and a fair start in life. 

(•ar hovered over our 

Iff C-! of Wf 

'^^jJlj of the Hoosier State were no less gallant 
than the true patriots of other commonwealths. 
Among those who responded to the Nation's ap- 
peal for aid was a youth of about twenty winters, 
who, with the liery enthusiasm of the young, 
combined the wise judgment of the more mature. 
His military career and his subsequent civic life 
have afforded such abundant examples of his ex- 
ercise of the qualities of energy, firmness and in- 
domitable perserverance as to render them fa- 
miliar to his fellow-citizens. Such is the high re- 
gard in which he is held that his friends pursue 
with confidence his advice in any matter of pri- 



vate interest or any scheme where capital is to be 

Now a resident of Lapel, our subject traces his 
ancestry to \'ermout, where his grandfather, 
Eleazar Dunham, opened his eyes upon tlie 
scenes of eartli. There lie was reared and tiienee 
he went to sea in his youth, remaining a sailor for 
a number of years. Seafaring life, however, was 
not exactly suited te his tastes, and he returned to 
land, where lie embarked in farming pursuits, 
lieing an industrious, diligent man, he accumu- 
lated wealth and became the possessor of valuable 
landed possessions. Going to Ohio, he located 
near Oxford, in Butler County, where he bought 
and cleared a tract of land, having the assistance 
of his sons in the work. He was about ninety 
years old at the time of his demise. 

The father of our subject, Franklin Dunham, 
was born in Butler County, Ohio, November 26, 
1815, and was reared upon his father's farm, 
meantime enjoying such educational advantages 
as the schools of the neighborhood afforded. When 
a young man, about 1840, he removed to Hancock 
County, Ind., where he bought forty acres of land, 
incurring some indebtedness in order to make the 
purchase. In 1841 he married Miss Dorcas, 
daughter of Francis P^llingwood and a native of 
New York. Her father came to Indiana at an early 
day and settled in Hamilton County, where he ac- 
cumulated valuable possessions. He was a strict 
Presbyterian in his religious belief, and politically 
was an old-lino Whig. 

In 1844 Mr. Dunham, Sr., returned to Ohio, 
and, after sojourning there for four years, once 
again came to Indiana, settling upou the farm 
which had before been his home. He and his 
wife became the parents of the following chil- 
dren: George, of this sketch; James, Henry, 
Hiram and John, wlio reside in Hancock County; 
I^lizabeth, the wife of William Detrick and a resi- 
dent of Indiana; Olive, deceased; Emma, who re- 
sides in Hamilton County, and is the wife of O. M. 
Anderson; and Martha, Mrs. Jasper McConnell, of 
Marion County, Ind. The mother of these chil- 
dren died in 1871. The father has been three 
times iiianic^d. Politically, he was formerly a 
AVhig and is now a Republican. In his religious 

convictions he is identified with the Methodist 

The subject of this sketch was born in Hancock 
Country, Ind., November 25, 1842, and was reared 
upon a farm, receiving his education in the public 
schools. At the opening of the Civil War he en- 
listed as a member of the Twelfth Indiana 
Infantry, and was mustered into active service 
at Indianapolis. He participated in many ac- 
tive engagements, and near Atlanta, in June, 

1864, he was wounded on the right side of the 
face. On the 22d of July, 1864, he narrowly es- 
caped being captured by the rebel forces. He 
marched with Gen. Sherman to the sea, and pro- 
ceeded thence to North Carolina, and at Raleigh 
witnessed the surrender of Gen. Johnston to 
Sherman. From Raleigh he proceeded to Rich- 
mond and Petersburg, and from there to Wash- 
ington, D. C, where he participated in the Grand 

After his discharge from the army, .July 22, 

1865, Mr. Dunham returned to Indiana, where he 
has since resided, in Madison Count}'. In SepT 
tember, 1866, he located in Fishersburgh, wliere he 
became identified with the mercantile interests of 
the place, conducting a general store. In 1885 
he formed a partnership with Christian Boden- 
horn, at Fishersburgh, and this connection (ou- 
tinued until the 17th of August, 1889, when our 
subject disposed of his interest in the business to 
Mr. Bodenhorn's son, Alfred. In 1869 Mr. Dun- 
ham was elected Justice of the Peace and served 
in that capacity for eight years. He is a Republi- 
can in politics, and has held numerous positions 
of trust within the gift of his fellow-citizens. 

The marriage of Mr. Dunham united him with 
Miss Virginia, daughter of Dr. Daniel Cook, of 
whom mention is made elsewhere in this work. 
Four children have been born to this union, two 
of whom died in infancy. The others are, Ida 
C. and Hazel E., who are at home with their par- 
ents. The family is one of the most prominent 
in the social circles of their community, and its 
members occupy' a high place in the regard of all 
who know them. They are prominently con- 
nected with the Methodist Episcopal Church at 
Lapel, to the support of which they are generous 





contributors. Mr. Dunham holds fratcrjial rt'lalioiis 
with the Masons, the Odd Fellows, llio liinl Men 
and the Grand Army of the Republic, being a 
member of Hirman G. Fisher Post No. 366, at 

jr^AiMIKL SPERRY, one of tiie honurcd 
^^ veterans of the late war, now follows farm- 
'H/^J '"» ^'^ section 3, White River Township, 
Hamilton Count}-. Indiana numbers him 
among her native sons, for he was born in Ran- 
dolph County, .lanuary 25, 1831. His father, 
George Sperrj', wa.s a native of France, and tiiere 
married Catherine Din no. When twenty-seven 
years of age, he came with his wife and one child 
to Anu'iica, locating near Dayton, Ohio, where he 
worked at his trade of cabinet-making. Two years 
later he went to Winchester, Ind., where he carried 
on the same business for four years. His next 
place of residence was in Cambridge, where he fol- 
lowed his trade for fourteen years. On selling out, 
he came to this county, and in White River Town- 
ship purchased eighty acres of land, upon which 
he spent his remaining days, dying at the age of 
liflv-seven. He was a stalwart supporter of the 
Republican party. His wife died at the home of 
her son .lohn, in Kansas, where she was then visit- 
ing, at the age of seventy-four years. Her father 
was a wine merchant, and served as a music'ian 
in the war under Napoleon Bonaparte. 

The .Sperry famil}' numbered ten children, eight 
of whom grew to mature years, while three sons 
an<1 two daughters are yet living. One brother, 
David, was killed in battle during the late war. 
(leorge, who served in the army, died in Nobles- 
ville Township in 1S7S. John, who was also one 
of the boys in blue, is now living in Kansas. 
Samuel Si)crry, whose name heads this record, 
a(tcompanied his parents on their various removals 
until eighteen years of age. When a youth of 
fifteen he learned the trade of a maiiiifacturer of 
woolen goods, which he followed until after the 
breaking out of the late war. On attaining his ma- 
jority, he enlisted, in M.arch, 1865, as a member of 
Company E, One Hundred and Fifty -iifth Indiana 

Infantry, under ('apt. ( ). P. Urandon, and served 
until after the return of peace, wlieii he was dis- 
charged at Dover, Del., August 1, 186."). He now 
receives a pension of ^12 per month. 

Since the war, Mr. Sperry has resided at his 
present home. On the 23d of December, 1869, 
was celebrated his marriage to Barbara Tischer, 
who was born in Switzerland September 28, 1848, 
and is a daughter of Samuel and Barbara Tischer. 
They became tiie parents of five children, of whom 
two are living: John R., who was born February 
13, 1872; and Carrie A., born Jlay 24, 1879. The 
mother died September 16, 1886. Mr. Sperry was 
again married, February 22, 1888, his wife being 
Mrs. Cordelia Murray, who was born near Cicero, 
September 30, 1855, and is a daughter of Norris 
AVoods and Sarah Cnizan. Her first husband, 
James Murray, died March 31,1885. They were 
the parents of three children, two of whom are yet 
living: Daisy D., born November 22, 1876; and 
Rose A., born March 24, 1880. By the second 
union of Mr. Sperry there is a daughter, Bessie E., 
who was born December 19, 1889. 

In political affiliations, Mr. Sperry is a Republi- 
can. He belongs to Cicero Post, G. A. R., and his 
wife belongs to the Woman 's Relief Cor[)s. She also 
holds membership with the Methodist Ei)iscopal 
Church and is a refined and most estimable ladj'. 
Both Mr. and Mrs. Sperry are held in the highest 
regard by all who know them, and their many ex- 
cellencies of character have gained them many 
warm friends. 

AVID W. PATTY. As a representative 
JJI of the legal fraternity of Hamilton Coun- 
m^f^ ty. this successful attorney has become 
widely and favorably known, and his 
abilities are of an order so high as to secure for 
him the confidence of his clients and the regard of 
the people. He has been clidseii {<> serve in a 
number of positions of a rcsponsiljle and honorable 
character, in all of which his discharge of duties 
and obligations has proved his tact, accurate judg- 



ment and high talents. He has conducted several 
prominent law suits in the county, and has been 
successful in ever}- case under his charge. 

Born in Preble County, Ohio, in 1834, our sub- 
ject is tiie son of .John and Eliza (Wilson) 
Patty. He traces his ancestry to Thomas Patty, 
a native of London, P^ngland, whose parents had 
removed to that city from France. The family is 
of Irish origin, being refugees from that country 
to France. Prior to tlie War of the Revolution, 
Thomas Patty emigrated to America in company 
with a brother and settled in Virginia, where his son 
.lames was born about 1776. The latter removed 
to South Carolina, where he married Mary Cook. 
He followed the trade of a gunsmith in both the 
Carolinas and in Preble County, Ohio, removing 
from the latter place to Carroll County, Ind., in 
1830. At the age of about seventy he died in 
Carroll County. 

During the War of 1812 Grandfather Wilson 
enlisted in the United States arm}'. In political 
matters he affiliated with the Whigs. Grandfather 
Patty and his wife reared a family consisting of 
the following children: Jesse, Eli, John, Isaac, 
Charles, James, Nathan, Robert, Mary, Delilah and 

The father of our subject, John Patty, was born 
in South Carolina in 1805, and spent his boyhood 
years in the parental home. In Preble County, 
Oliio, at the age of about twenty-one, he married 
VAiza, daughter of Thomas and Jane (Pierce) Wil- 
son, natives respectively of Ireland and Pennsyl- 
vania, the latter being of German descent. Grand- 
father Wilson was a soldier in the War of 1812 
and the Black Hawk War. John Patty learned 
the trade of a gunsmith and also that of a black- 
smith, and after coming to Marion County, Ind., 
in 1834. he conducted a sliop for eighteen years. 
In 1852 he moved to Hamilton County, and at 
Carmel became the owner of a blacksmith shop and 
carriage shop. He was one of the prominent men 
of this flourishing village, and his death in 1883 
was regarded as a public loss. His wife departed 
this life in 1875. He was a generous man, kind 
and thoughtful in his intercourse with others, and 
especially active in the work of the United Breth- 
ren Church, of which he was a member. Politi- 

callj', he was first a Democrat, but after 1856 affili- 
ated with the Republicans. 

When about seventeen years of age our subject 
began as a clerk in a general store in Hendricks 
County, after which he was employed on the rail- 
road for one summer. he was employed on 
a farm, and then coming to Carmel, he learned 
the trade of a wagonmaker, which he followed at 
various places for about twenty years. In July, 
1862, he enlisted in the service of the Union army, 
becoming a member of Company A, Fifth Indiana 
Cavalry, Twenty-third Corps. He participated in 
a number of engagements with his regiment, and 
was a member of the company' that captured the 
command of Gen. Morgan. Among the engage- 
ments in which he took a prominent part may be 
mentioned the battles of Brownsville, Walker's 
Fort, Bear Station, Tunnel Hill, Resaca, Dalton, 
Adairsville, Cassville, Jlarietta, Kenesaw Moun- 
tain, Cross Roads, Peach Tree Creek, Bacon, (Ga.) 
and Sunshine Church. 

During the last-named engagement Mr. Patty 
was taken prisoner and removed to Andersonville, 
where he remained one month and four days. 
Thence he was taken to Savannah, later to Charles- 
ton, and from there to Florence,, where he was 
paroled in December, 1864. At the time he was 
in Andersonville there were about thirty-flve 
thousand prisoners. He was paroled and sent to 
Camp Chase, Ohio, and on the 17th of January, 
1865, received his discharge, after which he re- 
turned home and resumed work at his trade. He 
receives a pension of $17 per month. 

In 1868 Mr. Patty married Margaret J., daugh- 
ter of Daniel and Sarah (Haworth) Fisher. Seven 
children were born to this union, two of whom 
died in infancy. The others were, Vern, a print- 
er residing at Westfleld; Hubert, Thomas, Daniel 
and Roscoe. After the marriage of our subject, he 
continued to work at his trade until 1870, when 
he was elected Sheriff of the county by the unani- 
mous choice of the people, without opposition. 
He served in that office for two years, and then, 
returning to Carmel, soon commenced to study 
law. He was admitted to the Bar in 1879 and has 
engaged in practice ever since. He has occupied 
a number of positions, among which may be men- 


tioned that of Justice of the Peace in 1875 in Del- 
aware Township, and was elected Prosecuting At- 
torney for the Twenty-fourtii Judicial Circuit in 
1888. Socially he is identified with Carinel Lodge 
No. 121, F. (t A. M. and the William Smith Post, 
G. A. R., at Slieridan. 

<fl l^i;SLP2Y HAKE, the well known senior 
\rjf partner of the prosperous firm of Hare 

^y^ & Sons, manufacturers of buggies and 
carriages at Noblesville, Ind.. established his pres- 
ent extensive business forty-four long years ago 
and, beginning with a modest capital, has steadily 
won his upward way to a leading position among 
ihe business men and prominent manufacturers of 
Hamilton CounU'. The excellent material and 
workmanship of the "'Hare" buggies and carriages 
have gained them an enviable and widespread repu- 
tation as "second to none," and the large factory, 
86x132 feet, regularly employs about forty men 
and annually turns outseven hundred fine vehicles 
per year. 

Our subject is a native of Ohio, and was i)orn 
ill Ross County, September 4, 182.5. His father, 
J:u(ib Hare, a Pennsjdvanian by birth, and a man 
of ambitious enterprise, early emigrated from the 
(Quaker State to the wilds of Ohio, and, settling in 
Ross County, became a pioneer citizen of the 
Buckeye State. He afterward made his iiome in 
Greene County, and later removed with his wife 
and children to Indiana, and. locating in Hamilton 
County, entered with enthusiasm into the pro- 
gressive interests and agricultural pursuits of liis 
new surroundings. The mother, Elizabeth Fresh- 
our, was born in Virginia, but with liei- [larents 
early journeyed from the Old Dominion to Ohio, 
and there, educated and trained in housewifely 
arts, became a wife and mother, with devotion 
sharing the sacrifices and privations incidental to 
life in a comparative wilderness. 

Of the nine children who blessed the home of 

the parents, Wesley Hare is to-day tiie third eldest 
survivor. In his earlv childhood he attended the 

primitive schools of Greene County, Ohio, and in 
1836, at eleven years of age, accompanying his 
father and mother to Indiana, enjoyeii fiiilher in- 
struction in the schools of Hamilton Cuunty. 
When nineteen years of age our subject was 
apprenticed for two years to learn tiie trade of a 
wagon and carriage maker, and for some time 
after attaining his majority worked as a journey- 
man. In 1849, he opened a shop in Noblesville, 
and from a small beginning has steadily extended 
his business, now commanding a large and con- 
stantly increasing trade, and frequently taxing 
the limits of the works, commodious as the fac- 
tory is. 

Tiie plant is fitted up with the latest and best 
machinery demanded by the business, and the 
carriages are especially noted for their superior 
st3'le and finish. The successful lirm of Hare A- 
Sons sells mainly to the jobbers, through whom the 
vehicles rapidly find their way to Ohio, Illinois, 
Wisconsin, Minnesota and Kentucky, Indiana 
monopolizing a large amount of sales. The firm 
never relax their efforts to make each individual 
buggy and wagon meet the required standard 
which they long ago established, and Noblesville 
may be congratulated upon having in its midst 
manufacturers, not only energetic and enterpris- 
ing, but thoroughly upright in the conduct of an 
immense volume of business. 

In the year 1852, AVesley Hare and .Miss M. T. 
Harrison, a most estimable lady and native of 
Indiana, were united in marriage. Mrs. Hare was 
the daughter of a pioneer settler of Hamilton 
County, and had attained to adult age amid the 
associations of youth, a favorite with a large 
circle of old-time .acquaintances. Our subject and 
his worth}' wife were blessed by the birth of 
four children, two sons and two daughters. Elbert 
M. is a member of the firm of Hare & Sons. Silas 
W. is also engaged with the firm. Stella is the 
wife of George Shirts; Emma is the wife of Will- 
iam Craig, of Noblesville, Ind. The pleasant 
family residence is desirably located at the corner 
of Conner and Anderson Streets, and is one of 
the attractive homes of Noblesville. Our subject 
is politically a and deeply interested in 
both local and national issues, but, absorbed in 



the demands of a large business, has never sought 
nor desired public offlct.-. He is a generous aid in 
matters of local welfare, and is widely known as 
a progressive man and public-spirited citizen. 


iHOMAS DAWSON.' Nowhere within the 

t^ limits of Hamilton County can there be 
J^ found a man who takes greater interest in 
agricultural affairs, or strives continually to pro- 
mote and advance these interests to a higher plane, 
than the prosperous farmer who resides upon sec- 
tion .5, Delaware Township. Our subject was born 
in Clark County, Ky., in 1832, and is a son of 
David and Elizabeth (Burrows) Dawson. His 
father was born and reared u))on a Kentucky farm, 
and in his youth served an apprenticeship at the 
trade of a blacksmith, which he afterward followed 
in Kentucky until coming to Indiana, in 1838. 

Wlien about twenty-five years of age, David 
Dawson married Elizabeth Burrows, a native of 
Virginia, and the daughter of Mr. Burrows, who 
died of cholera when she was a child. In an early 
day. Grandfather Dawson came to Indiana, and 
purchased several hundred acres at a land sale, 
after which he returned to Kentucky, and there 
died. The fatlicr of our subject came into posses- 
sion of this land, which he cultivated in connec- 
tion with work at his trade for some years, but 
afterward gave his attention exclusively to farm- 
ing. He became the owner of more than five 
hundred acres, the larger portion of which he 
placed under fine cultivation. Politically, he was 
a Whig; in religious connections, he was a mem- 
ber of the Primitive Baptist Church. His death 
occurred in 1860, his wife surviving him for ;i 
number of years. 

There were ten children in the Dawson family, 
namely: James, who died at the age of twenty- 
two; John, a resident of Delaware Township; 
Thomas, our subject; Mary A., the deceased wife 
of William Kimberlin; Abigail, formerly the wife 
of Carey Mendenhall, and now married toJames 
Stanley; Eliza J., formerly the wife of D. Apple- 
gate, but now deceased; Susan, Mrs. James Bur- 

rows, who is now deceased; Clementine, Mrs. F. 
Farley; Loretta, the wife of F. Terry; and Emily, 
who died in childhood. 

At the age of twentj'-one, our subject purchased 
one hundred and sixty acres of laud, and incurred 
an indebtedness of * 1,200 in making the purchase. 
About the same time he was united in marriage 
with Miss Mary J., daughter of Eben and Rachel 
(Richardson) Applegate, and a native of Cham- 
paign County, Ohio, who, at the age of twelve 
years, accompanied her parents to Hamilton Coun- 
ty, Ind. Less than two years after his marriage, 
our subject was bereaved by the death of his wife, 
who left one son, now deceased. 

The second marriage of Mr. Dawson united him 
with Miss Emily, daughter of Joseph and Eliza- 
beth (Hatten) Dodd, and three children were born 
to this marriage, one of whom died young. The 
others are: John W., and Cora, wife of Addison 
Gray. The present wife of our subject was Miss 
Mary, daughter of Thomas and Hannah (Rector) 
Smith, and three sons have been born to this 
union: Dar, James and Claude. After residing 
for five years in Noblesville Township, Mr. Daw- 
son removed to Delaware Township, and purchased 
the place where he now lives. He also spent 
about four years upon a farm in Marion County. 
He and his wife are the owners of eighty acres, 
upon which he has placed a set of substantial im- 
provements, including the commodious residence 
now adorning the place. In politics, he advocates 
the principles of the Democratic party. 

glKiMAS McDONALD,*a prominent general 
agriculturist and stock-raiser of Hamilton 
' Count}' and an influential citizen of Wayne 
Township, is numbered among the pioneer settlers 
of Indiana, and for over a half-century a continu- 
ous resident of the state, has liberally aided in the 
promotion of local interests and improvements. 
Widely and favorably known as a self-made and 
self-reliant man of business ability and enterprise, 
our subject has occupied with fidelity various im- 
portant local positions, and, beginning life without 


capital save his stout liands and heart, has won 
his upward way to a comfortable competence and 
the hii;;li rcutud of tlie general public. It is a well 
Known fact that to the personal efforts and ready 
assistance of our subject the existence of the first 
schoolhouscs and churches of his neighborhood 
was mainl}' due. 

Tpoii the l.-t ,if October, 1817, Tliomas Mc- 
Donald was licini in Beaver County, I'a. His par- 
ents, Jacol) and Sarah (Shearrer) McDonald, were 
likewise natives of the old Quaker State and de- 
scendants of an intelligent and industrious ances- 
try. The fatlier, !iy occupation a farnier, removed 
with his wife and family to Indiana in 18;i8, and. 
journeying slowly hither by wagon, located upon 
land near where our subject now resides. He 
bought a one hundred and twenty acre tract, the 
secon<l purchase made in W.ayne Township. With- 
out loss of time the father and sons erected a 
iiumble log cabin, beneath whose roof the family 
dwelt the succeeding fifteen years. At the expi- 
ration of this time the father built a frame house, 
in which he later died, at seventy-two years of 

The paternal grandfather, Thomas McDonald, 
in whose honor our subject was named, emigrated 
from Scotland to America when a young man and 
settled in I'ennsylvania, but later, removing to 
Holmes County, Ohio, passed away in the Buckeye 
State, resi)ected by all who knew him. The pater- 
nal grandmother, Susan (Piersall) McDonald, was 
a Pennsylvanian by birth, and. settling with her 
husband m Ohio, there spent the remainder of her 
days. .lacob McDonald was one of a family of 
eleven children who clustered in the home of the 
grandparents, all of the sons and daughters sur- 
viving to adult age and many of them living to 
reach four-score, and others four-score years and 
ten. The McDonalds were from time immemorial 
farming people, energetic, hard-working and law- 

in Pennsylvania, daughter of 
Shearrer, likewise natives of 
lere they both died at a good 
o reach fort^'-five ^ears, and 
entered into rest upon the old Indiana homestead. 
The father with his own hands helped to build 

The mother, hon 
I\Ir. and Mrs. .loin 
the (Quaker Stale, v 
old age, survived 

some of the pioneer schools and churches, and 
both he and the good mother were especially ac- 
tive in the religious and benevolent work of the 
Baptist denomination and the Missionar\ ISaplist 
Church. The home of the parents was blessed by 
the birth of six children, five of whom grew to 
maturity, but our subject and a brother, (Jeorge, 
are now the only survivors of the family. 'I'liomas 
McDonald in childhood attended a little subscrip- 
tion school held in a rude log cabin, but, to the 
instruction there gained has added a large store of 
information, and through reading and observation 
is mainly self educated. 

Reared upon the old home farm, our subject 
was in childhood trained into the round of agri- 
cultural duties and continued to assist his parents 
until, at twenty-three years of age, he entered into 
the bonds of matrimony. It was upon the 1st of 
April, 1 841, that McDonald and .Miss Ann 
Hamilton, born in Holmes County, Ohio, were 
married. The estimable wife of our subject, who 
died upon the home farm aged si.xty-eight years, 
was one of eight children of .lohn and INIargaret 
(Lester) Hamilton, natives of Pennsylvania, Init 
early settlers of Ohio, where they spent the latter 
years of their lives. Unto the union of Mr. and 
Mrs. Thomas McDonald were born eleven sons and 
daughters, six of the children yet surviving. 
Thomas J. married Miss S:uMh Sylvestei-. and has 
four children; Sarah, wife of Marion Castor, has 
six children and six grandchildren; Calvin mar- 
ried Rebecca Bratton and has four children; 
Amanda, Mrs. Harvey Castor, has had eleven 
children; Martha, wife of Henjaniin I'iiilcw has 
two children. 

Immediately following his marriage our subject 
located with his wife on his father's farm and 
cleared and cultivated a part of the old homestead 
for the three succeding years. He then bought his 
present farm, and, financially prospered, owns four 
hundred and four acres, some of the best land in 
the state of Indiana. The first residence of Mr. 
and Mrs. McDonald upon this land was a log 
cabin, 16x18 feet. In this modest habitation they 
lived a short time, then moved into a larger and 
more comfortable log house, which they occupied 
for thirty years, and in 1880 our subject erected 


the attractive and commodious dwelling since 
their permanent home. Devoting himself entirely 
to the pursuit of general agriculture, he has been 
financially prospered, and his finely cultivated 
acreage, improved with excellent buildings, ina^' 
well be called a model farm. 

Politically a Democrat, Mr. McDonald cast his 
first Presidential vote for Martin Van Buren, and 
since, ever faithful to the part}' of the people, 
lias held with efficient service for many terms the 
responsible position of Township Trustee. He 
also gave great satisfaction to the communities of 
his locality as Assessor, occupying the latter office 
two terms. The worthy wife of our subject was 
a prominent worker in the Methodist Episcopal 
Ciiurcli and a devoted Christian woman, and she 
passed to her reward September 24, 1883. Mr. 
McDonald has been a valued member of the Mis- 
sion Baptist Church since 1884, to which he ac- 
companied his parents in b03'hood. Our subject, 
oneof tlie most popular men in Hamilton County, 
knows and is known to all the local population in 
the various townships, and, esteemed by both 
young and old, commands the confidence of a host 
of friends. 

(^^IIOMAS N. INGLIS. The members of tliis 
ljf(^^, well known and prominent family in Madi- 
^^^' son County have become noted as practi- 
cal, honorable, shrewd and successf uj men in what- 
ever the}' undertake, who have made the most of 
their advantages, and have alwaj'S grasped at op- 
portunities for bettering their financial, moral 
and social conditions. They come of good old 
Revolutionary stock, and the progenitor of this 
family in America came originally from the Emer- 
ald Isle. The paternal great-grandparents of our 
subject were the first to settle in this country, and 
they located in North Carolina, where the remain- 
der of their days was spent. Their son, Josiah 
Inglis, grandfather of our subject, was also born 
in the Old North State, where he was married, 
and there he received his final summons. 

Alexander Inglis, father of our subject, also a 
native of North Carolina, was born in wliat is 

now Davie County in 1818, and there he remained 
until 1845, securing a fair education in the com- 
mon schools. Later lie took a course in a select 
school, and became quite proficient in the common 
branches, especially mathematics. About tiie year 
1836, he began teaching and continued this until 
1860, teaching in the winter and farming during 
the summer months. About 1851 he emigrated to 
Indiana and settled in Bartholomew County, wiiere 
he remained one summer. He then went to Mis- 
souri, but not liking the outlook in that state, he 
returned without unloading his furniture, and 
settled in the southern part of Van BurenTownship, 
Madison County. Later he moved to where his 
son-in-law, William W. Webster, now lives. 

Mr. Inglis was married about 1843 to Miss Mary 
C. Baker, a native of North Carolina, and the 
daughter of Phillip and Mary Baker, also natives 
of that state. Mr. Baker was a wagon-maker by 
trade, and died in Indiana. His wife died in her 
native state. Mr. Inglis served as Lieutenant in 
the state mihtia in North Carolina during the 
Civil War. He was a quiet, unassuming man, but 
gave freely of his means to all worthy objects 
without making any display of it. For about 
twenty years he served as a Trustee. In poli- 
tics he was a stanch Republican. He lost the com- 
panion of his joys and sorrows August 7, 1889, 
and after her death he found a comfortable home 
with his son, the subject of this sketch, until his 
death, September 20, 1891. No man was more 
highly esteemed in the county that this worthy 
representative of one of INIadison County's best 

Our subject was third in order of birth of eight 
children born to his parents. Hannah E. is now the 
wife of F. H. Vinson (see sketch); Monroe died in 
1853, aged five years; Mary J. died in 1853, when 
about two years of age; Samantha C. is now the wife 
of William W. Webster (see sketch); John A. re- 
sides in Van Buren Township, this county, wliere 
his fatjier first settled; Ellen, deceased, was the 
wife of George Allen, and her husband and one 
child survive her; and William J. is on the old 
home farm in Van Buren Township. Thomas N. 
Inglis was born in Davie County March 24, 1849, 
and was two years of as;e when liis parents came 



to Indiana. Until twenty-one years of age he as- 
sisted his father on the lioine place, and then be- 
<^an for himself. He first worked by the day or 
inoiith, principally clearing, and after getting some 
means ahead he attended school. 

lie then taught school three terms, and in 1874 
was married to Miss Susan Bowers, a native of 
Aladison County, Ind., born in 1854, and the 
daughter of David and Ellen (Reel) Bowers, also 
natives of the Hoosier State. Mr. Bovvers is a 
jirosperous farmer of this county. After his mar- 
riage our subject taught another term of school, 
and then began farming on rented land, continu- 
ing this for four or five years, when he bought a 
farm of forty acres. Since then farming has been 
his |)rincipal occu|)ation, and the thorough man- 
ner in vviiich he has grasped all ideas tending to 
enliance the value of his property has had much 
to do with his success in life. He is now the owner 
of one hundred and twenty acres, one hundred 
acres of which are under a good state of cultiva- 
tion, anil has the satisfaction of knowing tliat his 
own industry and good management have placed 
him in his present independent position. For 
many years he has been a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, and his wife is a life member of 
the Methodist Episcoiial Missionary Society. In 
polities our subject is a Hepublican, and socially 
he is an (_)dd Fellow, a member of Summitville 
Lodge, No. 475. Three children have been born 
to Mr. and Mrs. Inglis, Ada C. Oilaii li. and Ora 
T., all at home. 

f* RS. HARRIET HARTZELL, a representa- 
\V five pioneer woman of worth, intelligence 
Hi and superior business abilitj', and the 
widow of Joseph Ilartzell, for years an 
honored resident of Anderson Township, Madison 
C'lninty, yet remains upon the old homestead en- 
deared to her by many precious memories of the 
past, and which is pleasantly located, adjoining 
the nourishing city of Anderson. She was born 
ill Montgomery County, Ohio, October 8, 1824, 
and was the daughter of Daniel and Sarah Wertz, 
natives of Pennsylvania, and the descendants of 

upright and energetic (Jerman ancestors, from 
whom they inherited the sturdy virtues of [latient 
industry' and thrifty prudence. Kducated in the 
primitive schools of the Buckeye State, and 
trained in the ways of the orderly household, Mrs. 
Ilartzell grew up to a self-reliant and capable 
womanhood and was well fitted to assume the 
cares and reponsibilities of life while compara- 
tively a young girl. Intelligent and enterprising, 
she added to her limited stock of book knowledge 
by observation and reading, and kept herself intel- 
ligently posted in the current affairs of the day.- 
Upon December 1, 1845, Joseph Ilartzell and 
Miss Harriet Wertz were united in marriage and 
for several years continued to make theii- home in 
Ohio. Joseph Hartzell. born in the Buckeye 
State November 5, 1821, was the son of .lolin and 
Susan (Heck) Hartzell, who, native \ir.,nnians, 
were both of German descent. 

Our subject was blessed by the birth of eleven 
children, the following of whom survive: George, 
Jacob W., James, John, Jerome, Daniel W., Clin- 
ton, and Susanna, wife of James Learned. In 1851 
Mr. and Mrs. Hartzell decided to remove to the 
adjoining state of Indiana, and with their family 
traveled to ]\Jadison County, making the journej- 
with two teams, and were several days on the way. 
After residing for a time in Anderson, then a 
small village, they settled on the homestead where 
our subject now lives. Mr. Ilartzell first ])ur- 
chased eighty acres, three of which had been 
cleared. There was also a large log cabin on the 
land, in which the family found comfortable quar- 
ters for six jears and then moved into a well built 
log house, which at the expiration of some time 
gave place to the present modern residence. The 
husband of our subject was a representative hard- 
working pioneer, energetic .and enterprising, and, 
politically a strong Democrat, took an active in- 
terest in both local and national issues. Progress- 
ive in his ideas and methods, he entered with 
spirit into the march of improvement, and ever 
ready to do his share in all matters of mutual 
welfare, was mourned as a public loss when, upon 
September 15, 1870, he entered into rest. A de- 
voted husband, loving father, sincere friend and 
loyal citizen, his memory will long be green in the 



hearts of all who knew and loved him. He was 
a man of trutli, and his word was as good as his 

Tlie Hartzell estate comprises one hundred and 
sixty acres of valuable and highly cultivated land. 
"Grandma" Hartzell, as she is familiarly called, is 
a devout member of the Lutheran Church, and 
from lier early years foremost in good work, may 
now with pleasure recall the many kindly acts of 
lier well spent life. Surrounded by her numerous 
friends, and within easy distance of her children, 
our subject in tlie evening of her age enjo3's the 
consciousness that her life has not been in vani, 
and tranquilly waits the bidding of the Master. 


^l^UDORUS.J. WllET.SEL. Reference to the 
1^] agricultural affairs of Hamilton County 
ji' — ^ would be incomplete were no mention made 
of Mr. Wiietsel, among others engaged in tilling 
the soil. The farm of which he is the owner and 
proprietor consists of seventy-nine acres, and is 
pleasantly located upon section 30, Fall Creek 
Township, in the midst of a fine farming region. 
So successful has he been in his chosen occupation, 
that his opinions upon all matters pertaining to 
agriculture carry with them great weight in the 
community in which he lives. 

Born in Union County, Ind., January 18, 1837, 
our subject is the second among eight children 
included in the family of William Wallace and 
Irene (Hourn) Whetsel. Of this family the fol- 
lowing survive: E. J.; Elizabeth E., wife of Jesse 
Stevens, of White River Township; Isaac N., 
whose liorae is in Boone County; and Rachel J., 
who married Thomas J. Souders, of Eureka, Kan. 
Four are deceased, namely: Mary, who died at the 
age of seventeen; Amanda, who passed away in 
young womanhood; Elmer W., whose death oc- 
curred at the age of fifty; and Daniel, who died 
at the age of eighteen. 

In Union County, Ind., where he was born, 
William Wallace Whetsel grew to manhood, and 
thence, about the year 1846, he removed to Hamil- 
ton Count}', where he has since resided. During 
his active life he was a farmer bj' occupation, but 
being now advanced in years (eighty-one) he lives 

retired. His wife, whose maiden name was Irene 
Hourn, was born in LTnion County, Ind., being a 
daughter of William Hourn, a prominent resident 
of that count}'. At the age of nine years the sub- 
ject of this sketch, accompanied the family to Fall 
Creek Township, Hamilton County, and from that 
time, 1846, until the present he has continued to 
reside here. 

When eleven years old, Mr. Whetsel commenced 
to work by the mouth in the employ of others, 
and continued thus engaged until his marriage. 
That important event occurred January 15, 1857, 
and united him with Mary J. Souders, who was 
born in Fall Creek Township February 28, 1839. 
She was one of seven children in the family of 
Michael and Margaret (Kinnaman) Souders, both 
of whom died in this township, the father at the 
age of seventy-nine, and the mother in 1846. ISIr. 
and Mrs. Whetsel are the parents of two living 
children: Floyd P. and Frederick Sanders, both 
of whom reside at home. Those deceased are Will- 
iam M., Louisa Margaret, Albert Burton and Min- 
nie Ellen. 

In 1857, immediately after his marriage, Mr. 
Whetsel located upon a farm in F'all Creek Town- 
ship, near the Wayne Township line, and continued 
there until 1875, when he sold the property and 
purchased the farm on which he has since made 
his home. In politics he has always been a Demo- 
crat from principle, and advocates the measures of 
that part}' with fidelity. Though not a church 
member, he is a firm believer in the beneficial in- 
fluence of the church upon the community, and 
with the late Calvin R. Cannaday, was instrumen- 
tal in the erection of the church edifice situated 
upon land taken from his farm, and known as the 
Christian Church. The building was completed 
in 1893, and is a work creditable to its projectors 
and doubtless fully appreciated by all who enjoy 
the results of their efforts. 

5 ■ "— S)<^T^^B— ■ 51 

~ LIVER C. LINDLEY, of Adams Township, 

01 Hamilton County, was born in Randolph 
County, N.C., August 31, 1831. His father, 
Aaron, was born in Chatham County, the same state. 




^ ^ ^^ 

"<^^'VW'y^»gS«»;■^> ^ 




April "iH. IT'J'.I. The pntci-iial uramlfatlier, whose 

and was tlio son of a I'oiinsN Ivaniaii. In tracing 
tlic genealogy of the Lindley family, we find that 
lliicc hrolliors, William, Thomas and .lames, emi- 
grated from Kngland to tliis i-ountry in an early 
(lay an<l settled in Pennsylvania. Tliey were 
(^lakers, and .so far we have I.een al.le to learn, 
engaged principally in farming and also followed 
various trades. 

The father (if (iiir suliject,ne of thirteen 
children, nine> and fonr daughters. His sister 
.Mary w.-iji for twenty years a paralytic and died in 
.Morgan County, Ind. William and Thomas died 
in North Carolina. Plnehe, Mary and Edward 
passed away in Morgan County, .lohn died in 
Howard County, 1 nd. David, our Mihject 's twin 
hroMier, went to Jowa in 1><70 and died in that 
state. In 1838 Aaron Lindley caine to Hamilton 
County and settled in Washington Township, 
wliere he remained until his death. May 18. 18.ifi. 
In early life he learned the trade of a gnnsmith, 
which he followed the greater jiart of his life, 
even after he located upon a farm in this county, 
lieing a man of some means when he came to 
Indiana, Aaron I.iiidley inncliaMMl thre(M|narter- 

large tracts in Washington Township, and at the 
lime of his death owned about one thousand acres. 
Some years jjrioi' to his demise he withdrew from 
the Society of I-'riends and joined the Wesleyan 
Methodist Church. A strong Abolitionist, he was 
prominent in the construction of the underground 
railroad and had a station on his farm. His place 
being in the midst of a large marsh it was called the 
"Dismal Swamp," and could be ti-avcrsed on foot, 
but not by horses. When the negroes made 
his station were overtaken, all he had to do was to 
start them into that swamp, and in that way he 
helped many a jjoor negro to escape. 

The mother of our subject, whose maiden name 
was Ann Justice, was born in North Carolina 
.Tanuary 17, 1797. Her father, Henry .lustice, pre- 
sumably a native of that state, was born Septem- 
ber 20, 1708, and was iJiominenl among the 
I Quakers of his comnuiuity. lie died in 1812, 
when his daughter Ann was lifieeii. The grand- 

mother of our subject, Hannah, daughter of Na- 
thaniel and Ann Carter, was born in I'ennsylvania 
September 12, 1757, and was within hearing of 
the guns at the battle of Brandy wine. She and a 
sister were compelled by some British soldiers to 
guide them to the home of a certain man, which 
they did, and the soldiers calling him out of the 
house, shot him dead before their eyes. She at- 
tained a good old age and died M.iy 2, 18 1. '5. 

Our subject is one of si.x children, concerning 
whom we note the following: William, who was 
bom March C 182;t, is a well-to-do fanner in 
Adams Township; Henry .lustice, whose birth oc- 
curred March 18, 182r), has been a book-keeper in 
Indianapolis, St. Louis .and Chicago, and now 
makes his home in the city last named. David 
was born October :!(i. 1827, and is a successful 
agriculturist of Adams Townshii), residing upon 
one of the quarter-sections of land purchased by 
his father in 1838. Rebecca Carter was born May 
12, 1835, and died at the age of four years. Aaron 
was born March 17, 1839, and died April 17, 181(1. 
The mother died at the birth of the last-named 

The second marriage of our subject's f.athor 
united him with Elizabeth li. Carey, and six 
children were born of this union, vi/..: Whoda 
Ann, wife of George Stalker; Thomas .1., who re- 
sides upon the old homestead in Washington 
Township; Phd-be L., wife of Able Doan, Presi- 
dent of the Westtield Bank; .lohii P.. who 
drowned in the AVhite River several years ago; 
Emily and Gula Elma (Mrs. Thomas), both of whom 
are deceased. Mrs. Elizabeth Lindley isstill living 
and makes her home in Washington Township, 
Hamilton County. 

.\t the time of the removal to Indiana, the sub- 
ject of this sketch was seven years old. He grew 
to manhood on his father's farm and received or- 
dinary educational advantages in the district 
schools. At the age of tw(^nty he entered the 
Michigan Union College, of Leoni, Mich., from 
which he was graduated ,Iune 15, 1858. In the 
meantime he taught school in Michigan, and after 
returning to Indiana, followed that profession in 
Belleville, Hendricks County, and in Monrovia, 
Morgan County, for a number of years. His 



health failing him, he retired from the schoolroom 
to his farm, where he has since resided. 

In 1867-68 Mr. Lindley served as Township 
Trustee. Aside from this he has held no impor- 
tant ofHce, nor h.-is he aspired to political honors. 
P'ormcrl.y he was a Rejjublican, but now is identi- 
fied witli the Prohibition party, and is a worker 
in the temperance cause. In 1860 he married 
Miss Charlotte M. Morton, who was born in Onon- 
daga County, N. Y., July 6, 1834. Her father, 
AVilliam E. Morton, was born in Quincy, Mass., 
April 25, 1804, and was a cousin of J. Sterling 
Morion, Secretary of Agriculture in President 
Cleveland's cabinet. Her motlier, C.vnthia(Dodge) 
Morton, was born March 6, 1809, being a daughter 
of Thomas and Experience (Crosby) Dodge, one 
of the foremost families of New York State. Mr. 
and Mrs. Morton upon removing west located in 
Toledo, Ohio, and removed thence to Adrian, 
Mich., going from there to Washtenaw County, 
Mich. Mr. Morton died in 1887, in Jackson 
County, and Mrs. Morton in February, 1877, in 

Mrs. Lindley was one of a faniil\- of two sons 
and four daughters. David N., born April 
24, 1830, and died October 29, 1854. Harriett S., 
who was born May 23, 1832, married Samuel S. 
Chappell and lives near Jackson, Mich. Jeannotte, 
who wfis born June 23, 1838, is the wife of Chap- 
man Jewell, of Flint, Ala. Barry O., born Janu,ary 
19. 1843, was a soldier in the Ninth Michigan 
Infantry, enlisting at the opening of the war in 
1861; he was wounded, though not seriouslj', at 
the battle of Murfreesboro, and served until the 
close of the war. His death occurred in Jackson 
County, Mich., in 1884. Addie was born No- 
vember 22, 1848, and married Ames AVorcester, 
of .lackson County, Mich. A lady of fine educa- 
tion, Mrs. Lindley was for several years a teacher 
in the college at Adrian, Mich., and afterward 
.assisted her husband in that profession until they 
retired to the farm. 

The only son born to the union of Mr. and Mrs. 
Lindley was Oliver Morton, whose birth occurred 
October 19, 1861. PMucated in the Westfield 
High School, he was only thirteen years old when 
he began reading books and jjapers that boys do 

not generally comprehend. He mastered works 
far in advance of his years, in fact he always had 
a good book before him. It was not permitted, 
however, that he should be spared to his parents, 
and lie was called from earth October 19, 1891. 
This bereavement has been almost the only sorrow 
in the otherwise unclouded married life of Mr. and 
Mrs. Lindley. They are both identified with the 
Wesleyan Methodist Church and are popular in 
the social circles of the community. 


"^T? LBERT C. CARVER, who is well known 
(@/l-1 | tliroughout Madison County, makes his 

/// Ia home in Alexandria, where he occupies a 
(^ prominent place in business and social 

circles. He born in Henry County, Ind., 
March 27, 1848. His grandfather, Eliazer Carver, 
was born in Putnam County, N. Y., about 1788, 
and was a soldier in the War of 1812. The Car- 
vers trace their ancestry back to the landing of 
the Pilgrim Fathers. John Carver, the explorer, 
belonged to a branch of this family. The grand- 
father was one of six brothers: John, Jonathan, 
Lewis, Henry, Eliazer and Barnabus. The Last- 
named remained in New York, but the other five 
came to Indiana in 1830. all settling in Fayette 
County except John, who became one of the 
pioneers of Madison County, locating in the un- 
broken wilderness. All were farmers except Henry, 
who practiced medicine. About 1855, Eliazer 
Carver and his immediate family came to Madisfm 
County, locating on land which is now a part of 
Alexandria. He died in 1873. 

Ira K. Carver, father of our subject, was born 
in New York, and was one of six brothers: Levi, 
John, Ira, Bloomer, David K. and William. Levi 
is a carpenter of Grant County, Ind.; John died 
in 1840; Bloomer is a farmer near Alexandria; 
David K., who was Sheriff of Madison County, re- 
sides in Irvingtou, a suburb of Indianapolis, and 
owns several farms and other valuable property; 
and William is living near Alexandria. Ira Carver an attorney and farmer, and died in 1875. 
He married Esther J. Caldwell, a native of Fay- 



elto County, liul. IIpi- l;itlicr, .Maiilovo Caldwell, 
was horn in Norlli Ciuolina. Iicranu; one of llie 
pioneers of Fa3ette County, and died in Clinton 
(,'ounty, Ind., iiaving held many public olliees. lie 
was a man of prominence iind was a cousin of John 
Cnlhoun. the great southern statesman, with wlnjni 
ho corresponded up to the time of liis death. Mrs. 
Carver is now living with her daughter in ("hicago. 
She had four children: Mary, wife of A. Perry, a 
telegraph operator on the Board f>f Trade in 
Chicago; Emma, the wife of l)i-. .leflCrson R. Ilill- 
demp, of Windfall, Jnd.; Olive, the w.fe of Amos 
Ilallard, a Baptist preacher of Windfall; and Albert. 

Ouv subject spent Ins early life on his father's 
farm, and was educated in the Normal School of 
Lebanon, Ohio, from which he was graduated in 
1871. He then studied law with his fatiier, and 
was admitted to the Bar at .Vnderson in 1877. 
After the deatli of his father, in l.s7i), it was 
found that there a flaw in the lilli^ to the old 
liomestead, and that the widowed mother and 
children were without a home, so he took upon 
himself their support and at the same time com- 
menced a fight to recover the farm from those 
who unjustly claimed it. He pressed liis claims 
year after year against great ditJiculties, and at 
the same time struggled to maintain the family. 
After eighteen years of contest in all the courts. 
Mr. Carver won his suit, and his mother was re- 
instated in her old home, which is now almost in 
the heart of Alexandria. 

Ill 18!)0, our sulijcct was elected rroseciiling 
Attorney- for Madison County on the promise th:it 
he would do all in his power to break up tlie 
saloon and gambling dens wiiich were then a 
blight on the otherwise fair county. After liis 
election, he was informed that a fight on three dis- 
reputable places could not be successfully made 
and that he had better not undertake it, in fact 
he was offered bribes, but this only enraged him 
and made him more determined to prosecute to 
the full extent of the law. Accordingly, he com- 
menced to issue warrants for their arrest, and this 
created such an excitement that the Sheriff and 
Constables refused to run the risk of losing their 
lives in serving the papers, so Mr. Carver took the 
papers himself, and with a shotgun on his shoulder 

went into the most desperate dons in the county. 
This work he fearlessly carried out, until one dark 
night, when he was set upon by a band of ruffians, 
who intended to take his life, and not until one of 
the villians lay dead on the ground did the other 
take to his hoels. Mr. Cacvor cuiiUnued to keep 


St oloii 

oiit of society 



d, and he was 


(• law- 

iioakcrs of the 

until his term of o 
looked upon with toi 

Mr. Carver is now engaged in the prosecution 
of his profession, with an oflicc^ in Anderson. In 
1878, he married Marguerite li. Metcalf, a native 
of Ohio, and a daughter of David Metcalf. With 
their seven children, Kippie Leone, (Henna ])., 
Doxie, Ruth, Thcric, Albert and Alfred, they 
occu|jy a pleasant home in the addition which Mr. 
Carver has laid out to Alexandria. The adversity 
which overtook him in his early years developed 
aself-reliance and strength of character which have 
made of our subject one of the best and most 
prominent of Alexandria's citizens. Unfaltering 
in support of what he believes to be right, he will 
stand in defense of his position and convictions 
while life lasts. 


yplLLlAM A. HOWARD. Rrominont in ag- 
ricultural circles is the gontlomaii of 
whom we write, who was born in Ross 
County, Ohio, February 22, 18-12, and who is the 
son of .John and Margaret E. (Jones) Howard, 
tho fornior born in Rockingham County, \'a.. in 
18f)2, and the latter in the same state in 1814. 
When about ten or twelve years of age, the father 
of our subject came with his parents to Ohio and 
settled in Ross County. He was a farmer by oc- 
cupation, and was unusually successful. In poli- 
tics he was a Democrat, and in religious views a 
Dunkard. He was highly resjiected for his many 
estimable qualities, and died in County in 
1870, honored and esteemed by all. His father, 
Adam Howard, was a native of the Old Dominion, 
and, in connection with farming, was a .saddler by 
i trade. He was quite ingenious and was handy at 
I almost anything he undertook. The Howard 


family came originally from Germany, and settled 
in Virginia, where they were prominent people. 
The raotiier of our subject is still living, and 
resides in Summitville, Ind. Althougli well 
along in years, she enjoys comparatively good 
health, and is a good and noble woman. She was 
the daughter of Isaiah and P^lizabeth (Hatton) 
Jones, natives of Virginia, wiio moved to Oliio 
and settled in Koss County near the Howards. 
The Jones family is of Scotch descent. 

Tiie parents of our subject were married about 
1830, and thirteen children were the fruits of this 
union. Isaiah J., a farmer residing in Delaware 
County, Ind., is also a preacher in the Dunkard 
Church; Mary married James L. Farrell, but is 
now a widow, and resides in Sumraitville; John re- 
sides in Summitville; James S. resides in Summit- 
ville, and is a veterinary surgeon; Catherine is the 
wife of Samuel P. Kerr, a farmer of Illinois; 
Martlia A. is the wife of Thomas J. Gerrard, who is 
a broker of Indianapolis; William A. is our subject; 
Charles B. is deceased; Margaret, deceased, was the 
wife of Absalom Ilyer, of Springfield, Ohio; 
Sarah J. is the widow of Alexander Kerr, who was 
formerly of Summitville; Robert C. is next; Joseph 
F. is deceased; and Dora E. is the wife of J. F. 
Fulton, of Summitville. 

Our subject, who is sixth in order of birtii of the 
above mentioned children, remained in his native 
county nntil the breaking out of war, and in Au- 
gust, 1862, enlisted in Company G, Seventy- 
nintii Ohio Infantry, and served most of the time 
in the culinary department. He served one year 
and was then discharged for disability. Return- 
ing to Ross Count3', Ohio, he remained on the 
farm until 1870, and with his parents until 1868, 
the parents moving to town at that date. 

Previous to eutering the army, young Howard 
started to study medicine, but subsequently gave 
that up. In 1870 he married Miss Susan Hyer, a 
native of Ross County, Ohio, born in 184'2, and a 
schoolmate of her liusbaud. Her parents, John 
and Elizabeth (Straley) Hyer, were natives of the 
Keystone State. After his marriage Mr. Howard 
resided in Ross County for two years and then 
moved to Delaware County', Ind., where he made 
his home for three years. Later he came to Madison 

County, and has been engaged in various enter- 
prises — lumber, gristmill, hotel, dry-goods and 
livery business, and he built all the roads from 
Summitville. Since 1890 he has given all his at- 
tention to farming and trading in lands. When 
Mr. Howard began for himself he had about 121, 
and he has' since paid about $20,000 security 
money. At the present time he is the owner of 
two hundred and forty acres, all under a good 
state of cultivation, except eight acres, which are 
in timber. He is interested in town property, 
Fairview Addition, and is President of the brick 
company, and holds that position in the Fairview 
Land Company. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Howard were born five chil- 
dren: Blanche, now the wife of Richard Fau- 
cett; Frank, who died when sixteen years of 
age; Bertha and Grace, at home; and Floyd, wlio 
died when sixteen months old. In politics Mr. 
Howard supports the principles of the Prohibition 
party, although at one time he was a Republican, 
but was born a Democrat. Socially, he is a mem- 
ber of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
being Chaplain in the same, and a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, which he joined in 
1867. When he first came to Summitville there 
was no Sunday-school, and our subject, with two 
other men, organized one, which has continued 
ever since. He has been Class-leader, Steward, 
Superintendent of Sunda.y-school, and exhorter 
for years. His entire family are church members. 

ON. DEWITT C. CHIPMAN is a pioneer 
lawyer of central Indiana, where he has 
practiced his profession since 1849, with 
^) the exception of a few years when he was 
Collector of Internal Revenue for the Government 
under Lincoln's administration. Mr. Chipman is 
a native of New York, having been born at Mid- 
dlebury, in what was Genesee, but now AVyoming 
County, September 21, 1824. He was the son of 
Horace D. Chipman, who was born at Rutland, 
Vt. The grandfather was named Darius, and 



was a native of Vermont, being born at Tin- 
mouth, where he entered the practice of law and 
became State's Attorney, and for twentj'-four con- 
secutive years served in the Legislature. After- 
ward he became a resident of Middlebury, N. Y. 
His Ijrother, Nathaniel, was Judge of the Supreme 
Court of Vermont, United States Circuit .Judge 
and a Senator of the United States. There were 
live l)rothers. Nathaniel was a Captain at Valley 
Forge. The grandfather was at Ticonderoga and 
at the battle of Henniiiglon, and at that time was 
only sixteen 3'ears of age. The father of these bo3's 
was Samuel Cliipman, who was born at Salisbury, 
Conn., and removed to Vermoat, where tiiis family 
was born. John Chipman, the founder of the 
family, came from England and settled at Barnsta- 
ble, Mass. He married Hope Howland, daughter 
of the commander of the " Mayflower." 

The father of Mr. Chipman was a merchant at 
Middlebury, N. Y., but in 1832 located at Brock. 
port. In 1842 lie located permanently at Cincin- 
nati, Ohio, and engaged in merchandising until he 
wliolly retired from active business. lie died in 
(hat city in 1886, at the age of eighty years. He 
was a Whig in i)olitics and a Presbyterian in faith. 
Mr. Cliipman's mother was Catharine E. Gregory, 
born in Franklin, Ohio. She was a first cousin of 
Hon. Robert C.JSchenck, of Ohio. Horace D. Chip- 
man married in Oliio in 1812, traversing the river 
from Pittsburg, in a canoe. He bought a tract of 
land at Oxford, but did not permanently locate at 
Cincinnati until 1842. The parents of Mr. Chip- 
man had nine children, only two of wliom are 
living, although five grew to their majority. Two 
of tliem tcidk up arms in the service of their 
oonntry: W. I), was in an Ohio regiment in the 
war for the I nion, and Horace was through the 
Mexican War as a private. He was in a body of 
men who had to cut Uieir way out from an attack, 
and was wounded with swords and lances. The 
sul)ject of tills sketcii was reared in New York, Illi- 
nois, Indiana and Ohio, and attended the common 
schools and Betliany and Wyoming Academies in 
New York. In 1840 he went with his father to 
Tazewell Countv, 111., where the family located. 
Here he helped on tlie farm and enjoyed great ex- 
perience in hunting, for the country abounded in 

all kinds of game. In 1842 he went to Cincinnati 
and began to study law witli Judge Storer. He 
graduated from the National Law School at Bal- 
ston Spa, N. Y., witii tlic degree of LL.D., and 
was admitted to the B;ir at Albany, N. Y. In 
1848 he came to Noblesvillc, Ind., and entered 
into a law partnership witli Judge Stone and after- 
ward witli Hon. Will Evans. For two years he 
was Prosecuting Attorney for the counties of Ham- 
ilton, Tipton, Howard, Madison, Hancock, Marion, 
Joluison find Hendricks, and for twelve years 
thereafter was deputy prosecutor. Soon after the 
internal revenue law was enacted, Mr. Cliipman 
was appointed collector of the Eleventh Indiana 
District by President Lincoln, which was the only 
thing that prevented him from entering the army. 
He was elected to the Legislature, soon after the 
war, was Mayor of Noblesvillc one term, and a 
School Commissioner. He laid out Chipman 's Ad- 
dition of one hundred and forty lots, which is now 
the best part of the city. In 1870 Mr. Chipman 
located in Anderson when it had about three thou- 
sand population. Anderson was enjoying an 
incipient boom caused by the contemplated 
construction of the iiydraulie canal, which was 
never accomplished. He remained there in prac- 
tice until 1875 and then went to Richmond, where 
he remained until 1879, returning to Anderson 
and locating permanently in the latter place. For 
the past several years he has made a specialty of 
practice in the patent laws, and has been eminently 
successful. Mr. Chipman 's first political affiliation as a Whig, and was sulisequently with the Peo- 
ple's party, which was merged into the Republican 
party, and he went with it. His father's house in 
Illinois was a station on the underground rail- 
road for negroes who were escaping from slavery. 
He was a charter member of the Republican party, 
to which he has given much labor. 

Mr. Chipman was married to Miss Cassandra 
Clark in Noblesvillc in 1851. She was born in 
Noblesvillc, and was the daughter of Judge II. W. 
Clark, M. D., a native of Virginia, and an early 
settler in Hamilton County. He was n member of 
the Constitutional Convention of 1851, and served 
in both houses of the Legislature. Mrs. Chipman 
died in 1888. Their three children are Judge M. 



A.; Catliarine A., at home; and Julia A., wife of 
S. P. Moore, an attorney of the firm of Chip- 
man & Moore. Mr. Chipman is a member of the 
Methodist Church. 

I tired from the active duties of daily busi- 
|! ness, and enjoying the fruits of a successful 
.^_Jj career as an agriculturist and stock-raiser, 
has long been associated with the progressive in- 
terests of Indiana, and resides on section 9, An- 
derson Township, Madison County. Our subject, 
a native of tiie state of Delaware and born Sep- 
tember 30, 1811, was the son of William and Mary 
A. (Swift) Longfellow. His parents, both natives 
of Delaware,were the decendants of a worthy, intel- 
ligent ancestr}^, upright and law-abiding. The 
Longfellows are undoubtedly of sturdy Welsh 
descent, but various branches of the family have 
for generations been numbered among the best 
citizens of tlie United States. When Jonathan 
R. was a lad of about eleven years of age he accom- 
panied his parents to their new home in the state 
of Indiana, the father, mother, sons and daughters 
settling in the dense woods near Brookville. Gen- 
uine pioneers, the}- endured with courage the pri- 
vations and sacrifices incidental to frontier life, 
and, all lalioring in a common cause, aided with 
energetic enterprise in the development of the 
wild land into a productive and valuable farm, 
annual!}' returning a bounteous harvest. Later, 
the famil}' removed to Henry County, where the 
parents, after lives of cheerful care and usefulness, 
passed awaj', mourned l)y all who knew them. 

Nine children had gathered in the pioneer home, 
of whom tlie followingare surviving: Jonathan R.; 
Eliza A., making her home in Henry County; 
Mary A., a resident of Henry County; Thomas; and 
\'inccnt, in Missouri. Our subject, reared amid 
pioneer scenes, spent the days of bo3'hood in a 
comparative wilderness, in which deer and wild 
game were abundant. Roaming about the hum- 
ble cabin in the very early times, the wolves fre- 
quently made night hideous with their howling. 

Jonathan H. studied in the primitive log school- 

house, with clapboard roof, and rude benches and 
seats fashioned from logs and with greased paper 
for windows. Early beginning the battle of life, 
he reached adult age manlj', energetic and en- 
terprising, and while young taught school for a 
number of terms during the winter time, but has 
devoted the greater jjortion of his life to farming, 
and throughout his long career of busy usefulness 
has, until a comparatively recent period, been an 
active hard-working man. He now resides with 
his son, Joseph E., wlio now owns the old home. 

Many years ago were united in marriage Jona- 
than R. Longfellow and Miss Jemima E. Barn- 
ard. Unto our subject and his excellent wife were 
born eight sons and daughters, five of whom are 
yet living. James W. is a citizen of Nebraska; 
Joseph E. is on the home farm ; John M. lives in 
Iowa; Melissa is the wife of Monroe Ritchey 
and makes her home in Anderson Township; 
Marcus lives in Anderson. Mary A., Annie R. 
and Elizabeth E. are the three deceased. 

The beloved wife, who was a true helfimate, a de- 
voted friend and counselor for nearly half a cen- 
tury, departed this life, mourned by all who knew 
her, June 10, 1887. She was a woman of superior 
ability, a devout Christian and an active member 
of the Baptist Church. For a number of years Mr. 
Longfellow resided continuously in Henry County, 
but in the spring of 1883 removed to his present 
valuable homestead, on section 9, Anderson Town- 
siiip. Here our subject enjoys the prosperity 
which has crowned his later efforts and is taking 
a well earned rest after a career of toil. For over 
lift}' years a member of the Baptist Church, he has 
been a liberal supporter of the denominational 
work and benevolent enterprises. A strong Dem- 
ocrat and a local leader in his younger days, Mr. 
Longfellow occupied with ability official positions 
of trust, and while a resident of Henry County 
served with efficiency as Justice of the Peace, his 
decisions being in full accord with law and ev- 
idence and fully sustained by the upper courts. 

Joseph E. Longfellow is the owner of one hun- 
dred and twenty acres of land, a portion of which 
is devoted to fruit and ranked among the best 
fruit farms of the county. A practical horticul- 
turist, this son of our subject is especially success- 


ful in the culture of small fruits, strawberries, 
raspberries and blackberries; and also markets 
(luantilics nf lino jieacbes. Joseph E. Longfellow 
was luiitcd in marriage with Miss Mary E. Hell, a 
native of Decatur County, Ind.,aiul a daughter of 
Iliram and Mary J. (Clark) Bell. Mrs. Longfellow 
was reared in her native county and there re- 
ceived her education. She is the mother of four 
children: Bertha, the wife of Porter Pennisten; 
Lee, Marcus and Frank. Chester A., the intelligent 
grandchild of Joseph E., and the great-grand- 
child of our subject, is a promising lad and a great 
pel of the family at home. Joseph E., like his 
fallier, is a Democrat, and both he and his estimable 
wife are valued members of the United Brethren 
Church. Our subjciit has now reached the advanced 
age of more than four-score years, and in his long 
career has ever been known as a public-spirited 
citizen and a man of sterling integrity, deserving 
the high regard universally accorded him l»y a 
host of old-time friends and acquaintances. 



<| WILLIAM T. JOHNS, the able Secretary and 
\r\J// Superintendent of the Noblesville Electric 
\^ Light and Ice Company, and also the 
elHcient Treasurer of the Noblesville Water Works 
Company, has long been identified with the promi- 
nent interests of his present localitj' and, a native 
of Hamilton County, was born July 3, 1847. His 
father, Henry Johns, was born in Hardin County, 
Ky., but in early life became a pioneer of 
Boone County, Ind., settling in that part of the 
stale in 1821, when the country was an unbroken 
wilderness traversed mainly by the bear, deer, 
wdlvcs and wild game with which the woods 
alioiuulcd. In 1 83.3 the father made his home in 
Ilniiiilldii Cduniy, where he entered land and 
with anil)iti(>n cleared, cultivated and improved 
llie broad acres. 

Henry Johns was a man of courage and enter- 
prise, well tilted to endure and overcome the pri- 
vations and experiences of pioneer life. He sur- 
vived to reach seventy-four years of age, and 
[lassed away in 1871, mourned as a public loss. 

He was politically in early youth a Whig, and 
later became a stalwart Kepniilican. The pater- 
nal grandfather, (;eorm' .lolms. likewise a native 
Kentuckian, was a pronounced Whig and actively 
participated in the public affairs of the day. A 
man of resolute will and eanuest purpose, he was 
adapted to cope with the dangers and emergencies 
which constantly uienaeed the different sections of 
our country in its early history. 

The Johns are of English ancestry, a forefather 
of this branch of the family settling in Tennessee 
during the Colonial rlays. The mother of our 
subject, Mrs. .Alary (Jolin>) .lohns, was born in 
Jennings County. Ind., and was the daiightei- of 
John Johns, a pioneer of that part of the state, 
and a man who fully commanded the high regard 
of all with whom he came in contact. He was a 
brave soldier of the War of 1812. Our subject, 
William T., was the sixtli of the nine children 
who gathered in the home of the parents. At- 
tending the district school throughout his boy- 
hood, he well improved every opportunity to gain 
an education, and later taught school for five 
terms in the winter months, assisting upon the 
home farm during the summer months. 

Mr. Johns finally began the pursuit of agiicult- 
ure upon his own account, and latei-, a popular 
man, genial and courteous, was, in 1888, elected 
upon the Republican ticket Auditor of Hamilton 
Count3% serving with fidelitj' to the interests of 
the general public four years. Previous to this 
time our subject had conducted for four years a 
merchandising business in Jolietville. Ind. Since 
making his residence in Noblesville, Mr. .lolnis has 
aided in the promotion of various local enter- 
prises and been an important factor in developing 
the leading interests of the city. Upon December 
16, 1891, he assisted in the organization of the 
Noblesville Electric Light and Ice Company, and 
was made Secretary, an ofliice which he yet holds. 
The electric light and ice plant is a neat brick 
structure, equipped with the latest machinery, and 
the ice plant is one of the most simple and eco- 
nomical in the state and has a capacity of nine 
tons per day. The light plant is equipped with 
three dynamos and has a capacit\- of one hundred 
arc lights. Seven men are constantly employed in 



the power building, a good brick structure, 
(56x132 feet. In 1891 Mr. Johns became one of 
the promotei's of the Noblesville Water Works, of 
which enterprise he is a stockholder, also faithfully 
discharging the duties of Treasurer. Our subject 
is likewise a stockholder of the First National 
Bank of Noblesville, and, financially prospered, is 
numbered among the substantial citizens and 
prominent financiers of Hamilton County. Mr. 
Johns is fraternally associated with Westfield 
Lodge, A. F. & A. M., is connected with Ber- 
n ice Lodge No. 120, K. of P., and likewise affili- 
ates with Jolietville Lodge, K. of H. 

In 1874 William T. Johns and Miss Phwbe 
Paddack were united in marriage. The cultured 
and estimable wife of our subject is a native of 
Indiana and, born in Johnson County, was the 
daughter of William Paddack, a pioneer of John- 
son Count}'. One daughter, Bessie E., an attrac- 
tive young girl, makes glad the pleasant home of 
Mr. and Mrs. Johns, who are identified with the 
social life and charitable work of Noblesville, and 
are ever ready to do their part in the duties of 
the hour. 

EDGAR E. HENDEE, of the law firm of Chip- 
man, Keltner & Heudee, is the youngest of 
five children, and was born at Warsaw, Ind., 
March 6, 1861, just when the country was verging 
on the Civil War, which soon burst in all its fury. 
Ilis father was Caleb Hendee, who was born at 
W.ayland, Steuben County, N. Y., in 1827. 
He came west when the country was comparatively 
new and settled with his family in Indiana. He 
died at Warsaw in September, 1892. In politics 
he was a Republican. By trade he was a boot and 
slioe m.aker, and opened the first shop in Warsaw. 
Mr. Hendee's mother was Abagail Bush, a native 
of Canada, and of French and German ancestry. 
She still resides at the old homestead in Warsaw. 
The grandfather, George Hendee, was of Scotch- 
Iiish descent and was an early settler of Steuben 
Count}', N. y. 

Edgar E. Ileudce spent his boyhood days in 

Warsaw, where he obtained a rudimentary educa- 
tion in the common schools, and where he gradu- 
ated from the high schools in 1879. In the same 
year he entered the freshman class in Asbuiy 
(now DuPauw) University, at Greencastle, going 
through the full four-year course and graduating 
in June, 1883. Following this he was Superintend- 
ent for one year of tiie schools of Winamac, Pu- 
laski County. In 1878 he began the study of law 
in the office of Robert B. Encell, and later in the 
office of Frazer & Frazer, at Warsaw. The senior 
member of the firm had been one of the Judges of 
the Suj)reme Court of Indiana, and was selected 
by President Grant to arbitrate on tlie Alabama 
claims. He was one of Indiana's best jurists, and 
his opinions were considei-ed among the clearest 
and purest ever handed down. Mr. Hendee is 
pardoned for the pride he manifests for having 
such a preceptor. In January, 1886, Mr. Hendee 
located in Anderson to engage in the practice of 
his profession, entering into partnership, which 
lasted one year, with Albert A. Small. He then 
continued the practice independently until 1890, 
when he formed a partnership with the Hon. 
Charles L. Henry. At tlie end of a year Mr. 
Hendee bought the Inisiness of tlie firm, and Mr. 
Henry retired in order to devote his attention to the 
various properties which he controlled, including 
the Anderson I]lectric Street Railway. Mr. Hendee 
"went it alone" again until June 1, 1893, when 
the law firm of Chipman, Keltner & Hendee was 
organized, forming an exceptionally strong com- 
bination, particularl}' so far as corporation and 
commercial business is concerned. One of tlie 
tilings Mr. Hendee remembers pleasantly is secur- 
ing the Kinnear-Monett prize as the best debater 
in college. 

In April, 1886, Mr. Hendee and Miss Mattie O. 
Thayer, of Wai'saw, were married. Mrs. Hendee is 
the daugliter of Hon. J. D. Thayer, State Senator 
for Kosciusko and Wabash Counties. Her grand- 
father, George H. Thayer, of Plymouth, Ind., a 
clergyman for many years, is still living, at the 
age of eightj'-six. Mr. and Mrs. Hendee have two 
cliildren, named June Marie and John C. 

In politics Mr. Hendee has always been identi- 
fied with the Republican party, and has regularly 



in campaign years advocated the principles of tliat 
l):irty from the stump. Ilis counsels are sought by 
the leading men of this section of tiie state in 
shaping its policy. As a law3er, Mr. Ilendee is 
thoroughly read in the law. He is an able coun- 
selor and advocate, especialh' strong before a jury 
and in the examination of witnesses, and is pains- 
taking and careful in the preparation of his cases. 
He and his wife are both members of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Cliurch. 

^^iJf' counties 

>IUS QUICK. Probably there is not 
resident of Madison or the adjoining 
ities better known than this gentle- 
man. He is a Hoosier by birth, having been born 
in Henry County, September II, 1831, and is a 
descendant of sturdy German stock. His parents, 
John and Nancy (Clary) Quick, were natives re- 
spectively of Ohio and Kentucky, and his grand- 
jiarents, Cornelius and Hannah (Cox) Quick, were 
natives of Pennsylvania and New Jersey, respect- 
ively. The Quick family is noted for its longevity, 
and Grandfather Quick attained to the age of 
ninety years. The maternal grandfather qf our 
subject was Vachel Clary, a native of Kentucky. 

.lohn Quick, the father of our subject, moved to 
Henry County, Ind., in 1826, and entered land 
two miles east of Middleton, becoming one of tiie 
pioneers of that section. After remaining there 
until about ISOii, he sold liis farm and moved to 
Pipe Creek Township, where he purchased five 
hundred acres, on a part of which is now lo- 
cated the town of Frankton. He was a prosper- 
ous and enterprising citizen and was successful in 
all his undertakings. For many years he was 
identified with the growth and prosperity of the 
Christian Church; his heart and purse were always 
oiicii to its interests, and in his will he bequeathed 
* 1,(100 to that denomination. His death occurred 
in 1881, at the age of nearly eighty years. No 
man in the county was more highly esteemed than 
Mr. Quick, and in his death the community lost 
one of its best citizens. 

Of the six children born to his parents, our sub- 

ject was the eldest. Four of these arc now living. 
By the second marriage of Mr. (^uick live chil- 
dren were born, three of whom survive. At tiie 
age of eighteen years, Cornelius (Juick commenced 
to teach school and continued thus engaged every 
winter until twenty-seven years old, the time be- 
tween the different school terms being given to 
farming. During this interval lie bouulit, eighty 
acres of land in Delaware Count), and resided 
thereon for five years, meantime adding to his 
possessions until he was the owner of two hun- 
dred acres. In 1859 he came to Frankton, Madi- 
son County, Ind., and engaged in merchandis- 
ing. He retained his farm in Delaware County for 
five years, when he traded it for property near 
Frankton, aud this he still owns. In connection 
with his mercantile interests, he engaged in the 
grain and stock business, in which he met with 
success. He continued in business for several 
3'ears with a few changes in the (irni name, but 
through all these changes he had the controlling 

Throughout his entire life, Mr. Quick has main- 
tained a deep interest in religious and scientific 
research, and has given much of his time aside 
from business to the study of these subjects. 
Since 1868 he has devoted almost his entire time 
to the study of the Scriptures and in preaching 
the doctrines of the Christian Church. He is a 
careful student, a keen observer, and a gifted aud 
powerful debater. In 1870 he had a discussion 
with William Anderson which lasted two days 
and attracted much attention. In 1888 he held a 
discussion with Dr. Puckett in the town of El- 
wood, which continued for four days and was 
largel}- attended. In both of these debates it was 
generally conceded that i\Ir. tjuick won the su- 
premacy, always proving his position by clear and 
forcible argument. He has lectured and preached 
in many different places in Indiana and through 
Illinois and Nebraska, and has sustained the rep- 
utation of being thoroughly competent at all times 
and in all places to defend the iniuciples he 

Mr. (Juick is the author of ".Mysticism I'n- 
masked, or Ministration of the Holy Spirit," a 
book of two hundred and eighty -six pages, pub- 



lisbed by the Standard Publishing Company, of 
Cincinnati, Ohio. In this work he discusses the 
many mystical theories taught as to the immediate 
work of the Holy Spirit on the heart of man in 
order to prove his salvation and the claim by many 
Christian people as to what is the actual work of 
the Spirit in man's redemption and final salvation. 
He has devoted much earnest thought to this sub- 
ject, questioning many teachers of theologj^ as to 
what they understood to be the teaching of the 
Scriptures on tiiis important matter. Failing to 
get a satisfactory explanation, he determined to 
go directly to the inspired teachers themselves. 
When he had gathered all the facts on the subject 
he divined that there were many promises made 
by Jesus Christ and the prophets in reference to 
the Holy Spirit that were special and belonged 
exclusively to the apostles and the apostolic age; 
also that the apostles in addressing the Christians 
of the primitive church often used language in- 
tended especially for them, and not for univer- 
sal ai)plication. 

For the ]jast ten years Mr. Quick has been con- 
nected with the banking business which is now 
conducted under the name of C. Quick <fe Co., and 
is recognized as one of the solid and substantial 
banking institutions of the state. The offices are 
inviting in appearance and elaborately furnished. 
The Cashier, D. O. French, has been connected 
with the firm for three years, and is a very popu- 
lar and refined gentleman. The vast undertaking 
of building the new city which bears his name, 
and of locating manufacturing plants, is due to 
Mr. Quick's untiring efforts. The site of Quick City 
is beautifully located, and the place has pure 
water, perfect drainage, an abundant gas supply 
and has superior advantages for manufactories. 

In addition to his other interests, Mr. Quick is 
the owner of four hundred acres of valuable farm- 
ing land, the Altoona Hotel and business block, 
over three hundred town lots, and other valuable 
propert3\ On the 25th of December, 1851, Mr. 
Quick married Miss Amanda, daughter of Edward 
and Anna (Thompson) Siiarp, natives of the Blue 
Grass State, who came to Indiana about 1830. 
(See sketch of John Sharp.) Three children have 
been born to Mr. and Mrs. Quick: Anna, now Mrs. 

L. M. Chambers, residing in Frankton; George 
F., Assistant Cashier of the Anderson Banking 
Company, of Anderson; and Laura, a graduate of 
Harrodsburg (Ky.) College, and now at home. Mr. 
Quick ascribes his success in all his undertakings 
to the co-operation, united and untiring efforts of 
his wife, who by her energy, industry and economy 
has been a true partner and helpmate in life's 
struggle. There is no one more kind to tlie sick 
or those in adversity than Mrs. Amanda Quick. 
Mr. Quick is very rapid in all his business transac- 
tions, yet carefully weighs and considers ever}' 
movement, but, having decided upon any work 
or enterprise, throws the entire force of his energy 
towards its success. 

AVID D. MIESSE, M. D., now retired from 
the active duties of the medical profes- 
sion, was for many years a successful phy- 
sician and skillful surgeon of Noblesville, 
and ably compounded the potent medicines which 
he mainly used. Dr. Miesse was born in Berks 
County, Pa., August 30, 1814. His father, John 
Miesse, likewise a native of the Quaker State, 
later became a pioneer settler of Fairfield 
County, Ohio, and, an energetic and hard-work- 
ing man, survived to the age of eighty-four years. 
The paternal grandfather, Samuel Miesse, was born 
in Germany, emigrating from the Old Country to 
Pennsylvania in an early day in the histoiy of 
the state. The father, a strong Democrat and deeply 
interested in governmental affairs, fought Ijravely 
in the War of 1812. 

The mother, Anna (Klein) Miesse, was also a 
Pennsylvanian and the parents settled down in 
their native state to married life. Our subject 
spent his boyhood in his birthplace, and first at- 
tending the nearest district school, later enjoyed 
the benefit of instruction in an academy of Berks 
County. Having decided to gain a profession he 
next read medicine with Dr. Troehm, a native of 
Germany, but an early settler of Pennsylvania 
and a skillful physician. At the expiration of 
three vears of faithful study, Dr. Miesse entered 




/ *^^, 

(jjlhy^fi^j^ (y/p.iyyiy'yi^ 



upon the practice of his profession, and in 1833 
located in Indiana, and, the pioneer physician and 
surgeon of iiis neigliborhood, enjoyed a large and 
prosperous practice for sf)mc time near Lancaster. 

was neccs>ary u>u.-illy fur the llhy^it■i:l^ to furni>h 
the needed drugs and physic, and in tlie preparing 
of the mixtures and medicines administered by 
our subject, lie was more tlian ordinarily skillful 
and won an enviable reputation as a doctor, his 
services being in constant demand. His daily 
round was wearing, but he had been in early life 
inured to hardships and sacrifice, being only fifteen 
years of age when he was obliged to take tlie en- 
tire management of his father's farm. From his 
boyhood animated with a spirit of i<'S(>lutf self- 
reliance, he won his upward way iinaidnl to a po- 
sition of useful influence, commanding both re- 
spect and honor. 

In 184;(, Dr. Miesse removed to Marion, Grant 
County, Ind., wliere he continued the practice of 
medicine until 1860, then settling permanently in 
Noblesville, and, here acquiring an extensive i)rac- 
tice, took a high place among the medical frater- 
nity of the city. In the year 1848, Dr. D. D. 
Miesse and Miss Margaret Bretz, were united in 
marriage. Mrs. Miesse, a native of Ohio, was the 
daughter of Henry Bretz, a Penusylvanian liy 
birth. Our subject and his excellent wife are tiie 
liarents of nine children, five of whom are now 
living. Jonathan resides in 'Noblesville; Amanda 
is the wife of Augustus Jump; Adam is a pros- 
perous physician of Noblesville; Cornelius also 
makes his home in Noblesville; Mary is the wife 
of Mack Hines, of Noblesville. 

The beloved wife and mother, Margaret (Bretz) 
Miesse, entered into rest, mourned by all who 
knew her, July 30, 1893. She was a devout Chris- 
tian woman and a valued member of the Metho- 
dist F^piscopal Church. Dr. Miesse has alwaj-s 
been known as an active churchman and liberal 
giver in behalf of religious work. He contributed 
handsomely to the building of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church and assisted in the erection of 
the German Church. He likewise built a small 
church out of his own funds for the Germans, and 
for many years was both a .Steward and Trustee 

of tlie Methodist Episcopal Church. lie is frater- 
nally associated with Lodge No. 56, -V. V. A- A. 
M., and, politically a Democrat, is intelligently 
posted in local and national issues, and especially 
interested in school affairs aud matters of oduca- 

nounccd abolitionist and an ardent advocalf of 
the freedom of the slaves. 

The medical profession has been sut'ci',--sfully 
adopted by the Miesse family generation after 
generation, no less tlian eight pniminent ph3-si- 
cians of that name having acquired a large prac- 
tice within tiie memory of our subject. A sincere 
friend, kind neighbor and devoted family |jhysi- 
cian, Dr. Miesse has likewisr been tliidughout his 
long career a thoroughly loyal and public-spirited 
citizen, worthy of the universal respect and confi- 
dence he has received during his three-score years 
of residence in the state of Indiana. Dr. Aliesse 
was one of the liist men to ori^auize a coinpany at 
Noblesville to bore for natural gas. lie has always 
been liberal and |)ublic-spirite(l in promoting en- 
terprises for the benefit of tlie surrouning country. 
His pleasant home on Conner Street, attractively 
located, is well known to the general pulilic, aud 
there in the evening of his days our subject now 
enjoys a rest earned by years <.)f unvarying de- 
votion to the duties of his profession. 

iiaiiie IS more 
lison County 


mp l familiarly known in M; 

ini tlian tiiat of Minnick, and it is so thor- 
l^ oughly interwoven with the history of 

this community that a work of this character 
would be incomplete without frequent reference 
to some member of the family. The Virginian 
has always been a potential element in the civili- 
zation and development of Indiana. No better 
blood ever infused pioneer life; no sturdier arm 
ever set about the task of subduing the wilderness 
and no less vigorous mental activity could have 
raised a great commonwealth. 

Mr. Minnick \vas born in Rockingham County, 
Va.. December 12, 1827, and is the son of 'Williara 



and Nancj- (Good) Minnick, natives of the Old 
Dominion. The parents removed to Wayne 
County, Ind., in 1830, and settled on eighty acres 
of land which they purchased near what was 
known as Greens Fork. This was then an unbroken | 
wilderness, and the work of clearing the land and 
developing a farm from the forest was an under- 
taking that can be but little understood or ap- 
preciated by the present generation. 

For twent3--three years this worthy couple re- 
sided on their farm, and they were years not only 
of labor, but of prosperity, that added to their 
material wealth. During that time they witnessed 
many changes in the country around them and 
contributed their share towards its improvement 
and development. In 1853 Mr. Minnick disposed 
of his farm in Wayne County and removed to Wa- 
bash County, where he purchased a large farm and 
made a permanent settlement. He was a success- 
ful farmer and a public-spirited citizen. He took 
a deep interest in ail religious matters and finall}^ 
became a minister in the Dunkard Church, having 
ciiarge of two churches, both of large congrega- 
tions. Politically, he voted the Republican ticket 
from Lincoln's time, and was alwa3's interested in 
and identified with any enterprise of political or 
jMiblic good. Possessing a sound judgment, a 
(juick insigiit into any business or social affair, he 
was often consulted both in regard to public and 
private concerns. His advice was ever acted upon, 
and his children always souglit and relied on his 
judgment in matters of importance. A man of 
very fixed principles, but broad and lilieral in his 
views and dealings with liumanity, lie was one of 
tlie most influential citizens of every community 
in which he made his lionie. After a long and use- 
ful career, his death occurred when he was seven- 
ty-two years of age. Of tlic seven children born 
to his marriage, five are now living, tliree in Wa- 
bash County, one in Missouri, and our subject, in 
Madison County. 

Tlie latter was the eldest of the above mentioned 
cliil(ben. He secured fair educational advantages 
for Ills day, and when twenty-three years of age, 
in 1853, he started out to find a location suitable 
for a home. Finally he selected land in what is 
now Duck Creek Township, Madison County, near 

Elwood, and purchased one hundred and sixty 
acres from the Government at $2.00 per acre. The 
land was covered with heavy forest, and having 
erected a log house, the work of clearing commen- 
ced. Tlie first year saw ten acres ready for corn 
planting between the stumps, and a few years later 
this narrow space bad widened into broad and 
fertile fields. In 1882, Mr. Minuick purchased a 
residence in Frankton, and there he now resides, 
practically retired from the active pursuits and 
duties of farm life. 

February 3, 1850, Mr. Minnick married Miss 
Phoebe, daughter of Joel and Susan (Weaver) 
Richwine, natives of the Shenandoah Valley, Rock- 
ingham County, Va., whocame tolndianain 1829 
and located near Wasliington, in Wayne County, 
on the celebrated AValnut Level. There, in con- 
nection with farming, Mr. Richwine engaged in 
teaming, hauling flour and other commodities to 
Cincinnati, which was the nearest market. Not 
having real estate enough to meet his wants, he 
moved two and a-half miles southwest of Frank- 
ton, Ind., in 1848 and, engaged in farming until 
his death, in May, 1870. He was a local New 
Light preacher, and was esteemed b}' all acquainted 
with him. His wife is now living, and, although 
eighty-five years of age, is hale and hearty for her 
years. She is a most agreeable and cheerful old 
lady, and for many years was a consistent member 
of the New Light Church. At present, she is 
identified with the Christian Church at Frankton, 
as there is no church of her denomination near. 
She is in good financial circumstances, and entire- 
ly independent if she wishes to be so, but slie pre- 
fers to make her home with her daughters. 

To our subject and wife four children were 
born, three of whom are living: James Alonzo, 
who resides in Anderson; Joel Monroe, who makes 
his home in Elwood; and William Rathburn, who 
resides in Sterling, Rice County, Kan. Mr. Min- 
nick was one of the first organizers of Duck Creek 
Township, and has been Supervisor and Assessor. 
He has given each of his children eighty acres of 
land, but still owns one hundred and sixty acres 
of the old homestead. He is very fond of fishing 
and passes many pleasant hours along the banks 
of streams, and is very successful in capturing the 



finny tribe. He and his estimable wife reside in 
their cozy home, surrounded by ever3' comfort, 
wliich is in thorough contrast to the old pioneer 
(lays, liut in looking back over the lapse of years, 
they realize that there was much to live for and 
iinicli pure enjoyment in those old pioneer days. 
At the log rollings, the house raisings and the 
neighborhood gatherings, all met upon the broad 
and common level of social enualitv. 


JfOIIN W. PERRY, M. I). Great progress 
has been made in medical and surgical skill 
in the past few years, and among those who 
have devoted their lives to the alleviation 
of suffering no one in Madison County is better 
known than Dr. .lohn W. Perry, who was born in 
Logan County, W. Va., November 29, l^ll*, a son 
of Henry and .lane (Busl)y) Perry, natives of the 
Old l>bminion. The paternal grandfather, John 
I'crrv, was Ijorn in Ireland and came to America 
during the Revolutionary Wai. in which he served 
as a soldier under (ieneral Washington. His early 
scholastic training was in preparation for the priest- 
hood, but upon uearing maturity he renounced 
the Catholic faith and became a Protestant. At the 
close of the war he located in West Virginia, and 
possessing superior educational attainments, he 
became a private tutor in some of the wealthy 
and prominent families of that state. His death 
occurred at about the beginning of the present 
century. The maternal grandfather, Isaac Busb}', 
was a skillful millwright, which business he fol- 
lowed until his removal from his native state, West 
\irginia, to Indiana in 1828. He located in 
Madison Count}' at that time, on a woodland farm, 
and here he continued to reside until his death, in 
1835, at the extreme old age of ninety years. 

.lohn W. Periy was a lad when his parents 
moved to Indiana, and he remained with them 
until he attained his majoiity. The father de- 
veloped the laud from a heavy timbered tract? into 
a finely improved farm. In 18.52 he sold his farm 
in Kail Creek Township and moved to Marion, County, Iowa, where he spent the remainder 
of his days. He was a man of fixed principles, 

and ver}' bitter in his opposition to slavery, as was 
also his father before him in fact none of the 
Perry ancestiy were ever slaveholders, lie was a 
member of the .Methodist Kpiscopal Church, and 
was a true Christian, a man of the utmost in- 
tegrity, and was held in the lii;.;lu-st esteem by all 
who knew him. 

Of a family of nin<> eliiblren. (.ur subject is the 
lifth in (U'.ler of birth. lie i<'iii:iiiie(l ;,l home 
until eighteen years of age, prior to wliich time 
he had attended the common schools and one 
select school. At the above-mentioned age he 
was chosen district teacher, and taught li\-e con- 
tinuous terms, which afforded liim his fust oppor- 
tunit}' to gratify his earliest ambition to study 
medicine, and having secured the best works of 
physical anatomy, he devoterl all his sjiare mo- 
tnents to the study of this science. .\1 the 
of his career as a pedagogue, he spent two years 
in the study of medicine, and then engaged in 
regular practice. After twenty-five years of active 
service in the profession he entered the Indiana 
Medical College at Indianapolis and was the first 
graduate of that institution, reeeivi iig Ins diploma 
in 1870', which bears the name of the noted phy- 
sician. Dr. John S. Bobbs. He is now in the fifty- 
first year of his medical iiractice, and during this 
time he has traveled many weniy miles, at all 
hours of the day and night, over h 
b3'-paths, in storm and sunshine, to 
to which the human family is heir. 
life at best embraces maii\ liaid- 
times without recom|)ense or appi 
services, and although the Doctor I 
a very remunerative practice, yet I 
who have been benefited by his 
generosity in bestowing his skill 
whom he never received a penny, lie is a mem- 
ber of the American Medical Ass<iciation, the 
Grant County Medical Association, was the first 
President of the Alumni Association of the Indi- 
ana Medical College, and he has always been veiy 
popular in these societies and with the members of 
his profession generally. 

He and his worthy wife are members of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. They were married 
November 16. 1845, her maiden name being Sara 

elv road 

^ and 

eiieve the ills 

A physic 


ps, and 


iation . 

r his 

s always 


re are 




1 them. 




Ann Ellis. She was a daughter of Evan Ellis, 
mention of whom is made elsewhere in this vol- 
ume. Their union resulted in the birth of six 
children. Mary Jane, now Mrs. William J. Thomas, 
resides on a farm in Monroe Township; Elizabeth 
Emily, now Jlrs. Jackson Noble, lives in Boone 
Townsiiip, Madison County, Ind.; Evan Henry 
resides on a farm in Monroe Township; Andrew 
Jackson, M. D., was a practicing physician of 
Alexandria, but is now a druggist of Gaston, Ind.; 
Araminta Louisa, now Mrs. R. Parker, is a resi- 
dent of Gilman. Ind., wliere her husband is en- 
gaged in merchandising; and William L. is a farm- 
er ol Monroe Township. 

Dr. Perry lias always taken an active interest in 
politics, in fact in all public matters, and has been 
twice nominated for Representative on the Re- 
publican ticket, and although running far ahead 
of his ticket, was both times defeated, owing to 
the large Democratic majority of his Congres- 
sional district. He is a gentleman of the highest 
principles and the utmost integrity', a favorite in 
the social and professional circles of his county, 
and has become widely known as a most skillful 
and able physician and as a man loyal to the core 
to his family, friends and country. 

'ii? ENEX GOODING, a prominent citizen, who 
J (^ has occupied with honor various positions 
/I'— ^' of official trust, and is widely known as a 
pros|)erous agriculturist and successful stock-raiser 
of Lafaj'ette Township, Madison Count}', owns a 
large and valuable acreage, which he has brought 
up to a high state of cultivation, the Gooding 
farm being one of the best in its locality. A man 
of energetic enterprise, our subject has been close- 
ly identified with the ujjward growth and rapid 
advancement of Madison County for the past two- 
score years, and during this length of time has 
ever been foremost in extending a helping hand 
in all matters of local improvement and mutual 
welfare. Mr. Gooding is a native of Fleming 
County, Ky., and was born March 9, 1829. His 
parents were Samuel and Margaret (Hinton) Good- 
ing, well known and highly res|>ected in the Blue 

Grass State. The father was a native Virginian, 
but when only six years of age accompanied his 
widowed mother to Kentucky. He was reared to 
manhood in Kentuck}', and, trained to the prac- 
tical knowledge of agricultural pursuits, attained 
to mature age thoroughly self-reliant. The father 
of our subject fought with courage in the War of 
1812, as did also eight of his brothers. Of the 
family who once gathered about the fireside of the 
parents' home, four are now surviving: Rufus, 
Hardin, Fannie and Lenex. 

Our subject received a rudimentary education 
in the little subscription school held in the small 
and rudely furnished log house, with its desks 
made of planks resting on pegs in the wall, and 
slab seats supported by wooden legs. His oppor- 
tunities for study and instruction were limited, as 
he early began the work of life, but with reading 
and observation he added year after 3'ear to his 
stock of knowledge and, mainly self educated, has 
won his upward way to a position of financial suc- 
cess and useful influence. 

Upon September 11, 1850, were united in mar- 
riage Lenex Gooding and Miss Martha A. Calla- 
han, born in Fleming County, Ky., April 2, 1838. 
Unto this union were born three children: John 
D.; Margaret, wife of Isaac Bronnenberg and James 
R. In 1853 our subject with his wife and one 
child emigrated from Kentucky to Indiana, and, 
locating in Madison County, cultivated a rented 
farm for three years, later settling upon his pres- 
ent valuable homestead. The family made the 
journey from Kentucky to Indiana with a covered 
wagon and two horses, and, camping out wherever 
night overtook them, was two weeks on the way. 
The farm which Mr. Gooding purchased was liter- 
ally in the heart of the woods, and was unculti- 
vated land, thickly timbered. Patient and unvary- 
ing toil was required to clear and improve the 
homestead, whose fertile soil now returns an abun- 
dant harvest. Aside from the arduous work he did 
upon his own land, our subject cut and split rails 
for others at fifty cents per hundred. 

The humble log cabin which sheltered the fami- 
ly for many years was built entirely by Mr. Good- 
ing, and until he erected the present modern resi- 
dence was his continuous abode. The woods at 



the time he took possession of his land were the re- 
sort of deer, pole-cats, raccoons, wild turke^-s, and 
an abundance of small game. Our subject, finan- 
c-ially prospered, now owns two hundred and seven- 
ty-two acres of land, and has given each of his 
children an eighty-acre tract. Beginning with very 
little capital save liis stout heart and willing hands, 
he has achieved success, and has gained an envi- 
able position among his fellow-citizens. He has 
•served with ability as Supervisor of the road dis- 
trict, and as a School Director has materially aided 
in the promotion of higher grades of scholarship 
and instruction. As Superintendent of the Flat- 
bar Turnpike Road, he gave general satisfaction 
to the public, and in the discharge of every duty 
of life has ever been upright, faithful and con- 
scientious. He has long been a valued member of 
the Methodist Protestant Church, and is a liberal 
giver in behalf of religious work and influence. 
Politically' a Democrat, Mr. Gooding casts his vote 
with the party of the people. He is intelligently 
posted in local and national affairs, and takes a 
leading place in the home councils of his party. 
A man of executive ability and enterprise, he en- 
joys the confidence of a host of friends, and to- 
gether with his wife and famil}^ receives the high 
esteem of the community among whom his peace- 
ful years are passed. 


J' OHX B. HUFF came to Hamilton County in 
j Januar}', 1867, and has since been a promi- 
j nent resident and prosperous farmer of Fall 
Creek Township. He is a native of Ohio, 
having been born in Rushville, Fairfield County, 
August 18, 1833. His parents, David and Hannah 
(Turner) Huff, had a family of eleven children, of 
wliom the following seven now survive: John B., 
of this sketch; Elizabeth L., widow of John W. 
15owles, of Marion County, Ind.; Joseph T., a resi- 
dent of Millersville, Marion County; Ruth L., 
who for thirty years has followed the profession of 
a sfhool teacher; Andrew M., who resides in Oak- 
land, Maiion County; William H., whose home is 
in Malott Park, Marion Count}'; and Josephine 

v., wife of John Noble, of ]\Iontezuma, Parke 
Count3% Ind. 

The father of these children. l)Mvi<l lliitT, was a 
native of Somerset County , I'm., .-iiid the only son 
of Jesse and Lydia (Drake) Huff. The family 
moved to Ohio when David was an infant, and re- 
sided in the Buckeye State for about fifteen years. 
In September, 1843, he cnnic to Indiana and lo- 
cated at Malott Park, Marion County, wlieie the 
remainder of his life was spent. He a turner, 
cliairmaker and painter by trade, and followed 
these occupations in early life, but during his later 
years he engaged in farming. His death occuned 
at the age of sixty-eight. His \vi(h>w is still liv- 
ing, and is now (1893) seventy-eight years of age. 

The Huff ancestors, as we learn from the tradi- 
tions of the family, were of English birth, and in 
their religious views were Se|>aiatists. Being driv- 
en into Holland on account of their religion, they 
emigrated from that country to America in com- 
pany with the Puritans many ^ears prior to the 
Revolutionary War. Tliey were numbered among 
the very first English families who adopted this 
country as their home. Their sturdy traits of 
character and earnest Christian lives made them 
prominent in every community in which they re- 
sided, and to their descendants they bequeathed 
the highest principles of morality and u()right- 
ness, as well as the heritage of an lionored name. 

The subject of this sketch spent Jiis early life 
mostly in Malott Park, where he attended school m 
his boyhood and worked on the farm in the inter- 
vals of study. He contributed tothe sui)|)orl of the 
family until he was twenty-eight, when, in .Janu- 
ary, 1863, he was united in mariiage with Miss 
Margaret E., the eldest of nine children born to 
the union of Robert and Elizabeth (Moore) Roe, 
of Marion County. They are the parents of three 
children, Dora, Eilla and David, all of whom make 
their home on the farm where the father now re- 

In 1867, Mr. Huff came to Fall Creek Township 
and settled on the farm where he now lives. Ipon 
its one hundred and twent3'-five acres he engages 
in general farming pursuits, and also conducts a 
large business as a stock-raiser, having about 
twenty head of cattle, and from twenty-five to 



forty hogs. The first stationary threshing ma- 
chine introduced into central Indiana came to the 
farm of David Huff, our subject's father, about tlie 
year 1845, liaving been brought liither from the 
vicinity of Lancaster, Ohio. Our subject inherits 
the progressive qualities of his father, and having 
been engaged in farming during his entire life, 
has been uniformly successful in this occupation. 

A Democrat in politics, Mr. Huff in early life 
took a deep interest in the success of the party. 
In 1878 he was a candidate for County Commis- 
sioner again>>t a popular opponent and a custom- 
ary Republican majoi'ity of thirteen hundred. 
Notwitiistanding these facts, lie was defeated by 
only two hundred and ninety votes, which indi- 
cates his popularity in the county which has be- 
come his home. 

[f^ ANIEL WERTZ, a practical agriculturist, 
))] who has successfully won his way to a po- 
sition of honored usefulness, has for many 
years been prominently associated with 
the rapid growth and development of the vital in- 
terests of Anderson Township, Madison County. 
His fine farm, now under a high state of cultiva- 
tion, is located upon section 21, and is well known 
to his wide circle of acquaintances and long-time 
friends as the abode of hospitality. A native of 
Montgomery County, Ohio, born February 14, 
1827, he is the son of Daniel and Sarah (Wimer) 
Wertz. The parents were descendants of honest, 
hard- working German ancestors, and trained their 
sons and daughters to habits of thrifty prudence, 
giving them as good opportunities for an educa- 
tion as the schools of the early days afforded, and 
carefully instructing them in the duties of the 
farm and household. The father and mother were 
numbered among the pioneers of Montgomery 
County, where they settled in 1808, when the 
Buckeye State was comparatively a wilderness. 
Game of every variety was abundant, and the facil- 
ities for travel into the interior were confined 
mainly to bridle paths and a few verj- rough roads. 

Upon the old homestead Daniel Wertz spent 
the days of his boyhood and attained to man's es- 
tate. He enjoyed only the most limited opportu- 
nities for an education, but was a student in the 
primitive log schoolhouse, and through the sub- 
scription of the various families received occa- 
sional instruction. In that way he gained a small 
store of book knowledge, to which he later added 
by keen observation and reading, being in fact 
mainly self educated. Upon his father's farm he 
was thoroughly trained into the practical every- 
day work of rural life, and attained to manhood 
well fitted to make his own way in the world. 

In the month of November, 1845, Daniel Wertz 
married Miss Elizabeth Kunts, who became the 
mother of two sons, Frank and George W. Some- 
time after the death of this estimable lady Mr. 
Wertz married Miss Maria Kunts, who bore her 
husband two children and then passed away. Her 
daughter Sarah is yet living. Afterward Mr. 
Wertz married Miss Sallie McKinnon, his present 
excellent wife. This union has been blessed by 
nine sons and daughters, eight yet surviving, as 
follows: Rosaline, the wife of AVilliam Jarrett; 
.Joseph; Ella; Hattie, the wife of Arthur Davis; 
Harry; Alonzo; Addie, the wife of Albert Swin- 
ford; and Gertrude. 

In 1860, Mr. Wertz removed to Madison County, 
and settled upon his present farm. For some- 
time he lived in a log cabin, which in 1883 gave 
place to an attractive and commodious residence, 
one of the finest in this part of the county. The 
highly cultivated home farm, containing one hun- 
dred and fifty-nine and a-half acres, is known to 
be one of the most valuable and productive in 
Anderson Township and presents to the passers-by 
a scene of thrift and plenty, attesting the pros- 
perity of the owner of the fertile acres. In relig- 
ious belief a Lutheran, Mr. Wertz with his wife is 
an active aid in good work. Politically, he is a 
member of the People's Party, and, a liberal-spir- 
ited and progressive citizen, is intelligently posted 
upon the vital issues of the day. A man of sterl- 
ing integrity, he has in his thirty-three j'ears' resi- 
dence in Madison County gained the respect of 
his fellow-citizens, and is numbered among the 
substantial agriculturists of Anderson Township. 




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OA felLLIAM E. DUNN, president of the Citi- 
\/\/// zens' State P.ank of Nohlesville. and one 
W of tlu. iiir.minrnt and proi-rcssi v.- lu.sinoss 
men, was horn in I'.oone C'ounly, Ind., .Inly 7, 
1>S.")5, and is a son of Natlianiel F. and Anna (IIo- 
t^rui) Dnnu, the former a native of .lessaminc 
C'onnly, Ky., and tlie latter of BryanLsvilio, Ivy. 
The father was reared on tlie home farm, l)nl l)c- 
cM me a cabinetmaker. After coniintr to I ndiana, 
he followed his trade for awhile, and then tnrned 
his attention to agricultural pursuits. Otic of the 
hiiys in blue of the late war, he enlisted on the 
1 llh of August, 1862, in Company A, One ilun- 
(lied and First Indiana Infantry, and served until 
F(^l)ruary 24, 1864. He was partiality paralyzed, 
and was in the hospital for some time. He was 
detailed to serve in the pioneer corps, and was 
superintendent of Inidge huildinu. Alter the war 
he returned to his home in Wasl,in,ut,,n Town- 
ship, Hamilton County, and wms elected and 
served as Trustee for three terms, in ISH.S, he was 
elected Treasurer of the county for a term of two 
years. In December, 1868, he removed to Nobles- 
ville, wiiere he spent his remaining days, dying 
September 13, 1876. He was one of the original 
[iroraoters and a Director of the Chicago & South- 
eastern Railroad. In politics he was a stalwart 
supporter of the Republican party. 

One diild of the Dunn family died in infancy, 
another at the age of four, and William E. is now 
the only survivor. He attended the district school 
and lived on the home farm until thirteen years 
of age, when lie accompanied his parents on their 
iinnoval to Noblesville. He aided his father in 
tlie County Treasurer's office and attended the high 
school, acquiring a good education through his 
study and business experience. He then entered 
the Citizens' State Bank as book-keeper, subse- 
quently being made Teller and Cashier. F(n- 
many years he served merely as a clerk, hut 
merit and ability won him promotion. With 
the exception of a short time spent in Kentucky, 
he has remained here continuously since. He 
has few equals in this section as a hank expert, 
and is recognized as the head of finance in No- 
lilesville. In 1878, he entered upon a short career 
in the hardware business. In 1883, his health 

failed him and for a year he traveled, but on the 
1st of February, 1884, we again find him in the 
bank, and in February, 1888, lie was made Vice- 
President, and in August, 18!):5, riesi(U'iit. 

On the 18th of January, 1888, Mr. Dunn was 
united in marriage with Miss Fanny Ross, who was 
born in .Tackson Township October 2'.l, 1«66, and 
is a daughter of George W. and Kli/.alictli Ross. 
They have two children: Mabel, horn August 15, 
1880, and Frank II., born October 18, 18!U. The 
parents are leading members of the Presbyterian 
Church, in which Mr. Dunn is serving as Deacon. 
He is also an active member and trustee in the 
Knights of lodge, and in [lolitics is a Re- 
publican, but has never been an asjiirant for po- 
litical preferment. He has recently erected a hand- 
some residence, where he and his family are sur- 
rounded with all the comforts of life. Their home 
is the abode of hospitality, and is a favorite resort 
with their many friends. That Mr. Dunn is a 
wide-awake and enterprising business man is 
shown by his standing in (inancifil circles. 


\T/ l^ONIDAS A. RIZKR, the enterprising jun- 
|| (fjy ior partner of the well known firm of 
]l;- ^ , Chamness & Rizer. the leading and suc- 
cessful attorneys of Alexandria, has throughout 
his entire life been associated with the changing 
scenes^ the rapid growth and ui)ward progress of 
the state, and was born in I'.urnettsville, White 
County. May 22, 1862. Of the four sons who 
blessed the home of the parents, Leoiiidas was 
the second in order of birth. The father, Charles 
Rizer, was a native of Maryland and, born about 
1829, passed the early years of his life in his 
birthplace, and there received his youthful train- 
ing and education. Later, removing to the state 
of Indiana, he located in Indianapolis, where 
for two years he was busily engaged in contracting 
and building. He is an excellent mechanic and 
a business man of more than ordinary ability. 
In 1855, he made his home in White Count}", 
and still resides in Burnettsville, Ind. The pa- 
1 ternal grandfather, CTCorge Rizer, was a native of 



Hancock County, Md.,and was of German ancestry. 
Althougli the Rizer family located in the south 
long before the Revolutionary War, the paternal 
gi-eat-grandfatlier, Martin Rizer, with two of his 
brothers, activelj' participated in the scenes of 
those troublous times, and as soldiers did heroic 
service in behalf of "God and liberty." One of 
the brothers of Martin Rizer held a Captain's 
commission, and the family were celebrated for 
their sturdy courage and lo3'alty to the Federal 

Grandfather George Rizer was at one time an 
extensive cotton-planter and slave-holder, and a 
man of note in his locality. The mother, Caro- 
line .1. (Weaver) Rizer, born in Washington Coun- 
ty, Pa., was likewise of German descent, her fam- 
ily early locating in the state of New York. Her 
father, Jacob Weaver, was a millwright by occu- 
pation and a man of intelligence and worth. 
Three brothers loj'ally participated in tiie defense 
of the Union during the late Civil War. John was 
killed on the field of battle. Jehu and Thomas 
survived the perils of those terrible days. The 
eldest brother of our subject, now a successful 
teaclier, was in the mail service under Cleveland's 
first administration. Eldridge B. is a graduate 
of Purdue University, of Lafayette, Ind., and is 
the Principal of the schools in Chalmers, Ind.; 
Orestes L. is likewise a successful teacher; Leon- 
idas A. received his earl^' education in the schools 
of Burnettsville, Ind., later attending the High 
School of Monticello, and finally completing his 
studies in the Terre Haute Normal School. He 
then taught the succeeding eight years with excel- 
lent results, and during this time also reading 
law, was admitted to the Bar at Frankfort, Ind., 
and opened an office at Mulberry, Ind., where he 
practiced until 1892, when he came to Alexandria 
and formed a partnership with E. B. Chamness, 
which yet prosperously continues. 

Politically a strong Democrat, Mr. Rizer has 
gained a wide popularity as a campaign speaker, 
lie is fraternally connected with the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, and has passed through all 
the chairs. He is also a member of the Knights 
of P3'thias, and has a host of friends in the 
order. October IG, IS'.tl, were united in marriage 

Leonidas Rizer and Miss Dora Petitgean, who was 
born in Indiana and was the daughter of Nicholas 
Petitgean, a native of France. The father of Mrs. 
Rizer was a soldier in the late Civil War, and 
served courageously as a private. He is now a 
large fanner near Lafayette, Ind. The accom- 
plished wife of our subject is a graduate of the 
Northern Indiana Normal School of Valparaiso. 
She taught school for two years, and has enjoyed 
the benefit of a fine musical education. One child, 
a bright little daughter, Josephine, has blessed the 
union of Mr. and Mrs. Rizer, and was born March 
4, 1892. Residing in a pleasant home in River- 
side Addition, our subject has attained to an en- 
viable position as a citizen and professional man, 
and, financially prospered, likewise fully com- 
mands the confidence and high esteem of a host 
of friends. 


^Trj\)ARNHART GINTERT, who carries on 
[Lii\ general farming on section 32, AVhite River 
r/M)l! Township, is of German birth. He was 
^SS^ born in Baden, on the 15tb of February, 
1824, and is a son of Barnhart and Margaret 
Gintert. When our subject was a lad of six 
summers his parents bade adieu to their old home 
and sailed for America. After forty-eight da3s 
spent upon the bosom of the Atlantic, they landed 
in New York, and thence went to Ohio. The 
father had learned the trade of shoemaking in 
Paris, France, and was an expert workman. He 
followed that business in the Buckeye State for 
about five years, and then came to Indiana. 
The first three months after his arrival were 
spent in Anderson, after which he came to 
Hamilton County and purchased forty acres of 
land, almost entirely unimproved. Upon the farm 
which he there developed he died, at the age of 
seventy-three years. His wife died about a week 
after their arrival in this county. This worthy 
couple had three children: Barnhart W., Fred and 

Mr. Gintert, whose name heads this record, came 
with his parents to America when quite young, 
and upon the home farm in Indiana was reared to 



manhood. He there remained until tliirty-six 
years of age, and for some time carried on the 
farm himself. He tiien went to Cuiuicil TJlufTs, 
Iowa, where he engaged in llie hotel l)iisiness for 
a time, and subsequently operated a sawmill. 
After two years spent beyond tiie Mississippi, he 
returned to the old home and was married three 
years later, the lady of his choice being Miss Mary 
Beard, a native of Hamilton County and a 
daughter of Martin and Hettie Beard. Her father 
was bt)rn in (iermany,and died in this community 
at tiie age of sixty-six. Iler mother was a native 
of I'cniisy IvMiiiii, ;uid is also luiw deceased. 

Tliiee children were born unto Mr. and Mrs. 
(Hiitert,of whom one is living, Ida C, who is now 
li\ iiig witli an aunt. The mother of this family 
(lied at the age of twenty-three years, and Mr. 
(iintert has been again married, his second union 
being with Mrs. Lydia Dick, the widow of Abraham 
Dick. They had three cliildren, two now living: 
Elizabeth, wife of James Carey, and Edwaid. at 

Both Mr. and Mrs. Oiuteit are members of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church of Cicero, and are 
highly resfiected people, who have many warm 
friends throughout the comniunit3-. In politics, 
he is a stalwart Democrat, and has supported that 
party since casting his first Presidential vote for 
.lames Buchanan. He is a man of generous im- 
pulses, upright and honorable, and has given to 
each of his children a farm. His business deal- 
ings have been crowned with the prosjierify wiiich 
comes from well directed efforts, industry, economy 
and perseverance. 

— .--^~-©#@- 

^^EORGE NAG LE, one of the p: 
'if ^f> P"'^'''' spirited citizens of H: 
^^^l ty, who is residing in Nobl 

lEORGE NAGLE, one of the progressive and 
amilton Coun- 
s^oblesville Town- 
ship, his residence being Fair \iew, claims Penn- 
sylv.ania as the state of his nativity. He was born 
in Lancaster County, January 3, 1846. His father, 
.John Nagle, was born in Pennsylvania, and was a 
forger in iron. Later in life he retired to a small 
farm, where he died at the age of eighty-one. His 
wife, who bore the maiden name of Martha Shoaff, 

was a native of the same community, and died at 
the home of a daughter at the age of four-score 
years or more. (Tcorge was the Iciilli in their family 
of eleven children, nine of whom grew to mature 
years, while two sons and three daughters are yet 
living. His brother Henry is a farmei, and his 
sisters have all married agriculturists. 

Mr. Nagle of this sketch remained on the home 
farm until sixteen j'ears of age, and then went to 
the war. He enlisted in Comi)aiiy E, Seventy- 
ninth Pennsylvania iHfantry, under Capt. M. D. 
Wickersham, and re-enlisted under Capt. S. L. 
Ilartmaii. Uis first enlistment was Sepl,cmber 30, 
l,s(;i,;ind his second, February :i, istil. He was 
honorably discharged at the close of tiie war, July 
12, 1865. At the battle of Mission Ridge he was 
wounded, but was not forced to go to the hospital, 
and was with liis regiment in nearly all of its en- 

When the country no longer needed his services, 
Jlr. N.agle returned to his Pennsylvania home. He 
there married Miss Emma M. .Smith, who died 
twelve weeks later. In June, 1867, lie came to Ar- 
cadia, Ind., where he engaged in general labor, 
aud on the 15th of March, 1870, he wedded Miss 
Mary Correll, who born in Wayne County, 
and is a daughter of John and Elizabeth (Stoffer) 
Correll, who were natives of Lancaster County, 
Pa., and came to Indiana in 1837, locating in 
Wayne County. Two years later they settled in 
Jackson Township, this county, wiiere the father 
j died at the age of eighty-five, while his wife passed 
[ away at the age of sixty-one. The family num- 
j bered fifteen children, of whom thirteen grew to 
mature years, while twelve are yel living. They 
were of French descent, and were highl}' respected 

After some time sjieiif at licneral work, .Mr. 
Nagle engaged in clerking, and tlien carried on a 
meat market for seven 3'ears. In 181t0, he 
elected Sheriff of the county, and removed to 
Noblesville. On the expiration of his term, he re- 
tired and built his fine country residence, one of 
tlie most palatial homes in the county. On the 
place is a gas engine and water works and a gas 
well, and the house is lightefl iiy natural g!»s. 
Neatly and tastefully furnished, it is complete in 


all its appointments, and the outward surround- 
ings are in keeping witli tlie borne. Mr. and Mrs. 
Nagle are hospitable people, and their friends 
throughout the community are many. They at- 
tend the Christian Church. Mr. Nagle belongs to 
the Knights of Pythias, the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, the Encampment and Grand Lodge 
of his state, and has filled all the chairs. He is 
also a member of the Grand Army of the Repub- 
lic. As a valiant defender of his country in her 
hour of peril, and as a faithful citizen in days of 
peace, we present him to our readers. 



nent among the extensive farmers and 
stockmen of Hamilton County is the gen- 
' tleman whose name introduces this sketch. 
nVwas born in Butler County, Ohio, August 10, 
1842, and is a son of James Kercheval, likewise a 
native of that county and born October 10, 1810. 
The first records obtainable of the family state 
that two brothers, who were of Scotch ancestry, 
came to this country on a British man-of-war, and 
upon reaching America deserted the British army 
and located in Virginia. From them are de- 
scended all of the name in the United States. 

The grandfather of our subject, Reuben Kerche- 
val, was born in Kentucky and became a pioneer 
of Ohio, where he was a well known Methodist 
preacher, liis home being headquarters for the 
Methodists of that section. His wife's father, 
Mason Grume, was a circuit preacher and traveled 
on horseback over a large part of that state. Reu- 
ben Kercheval was bitterly opposed to slavery. 
His brother Samuel was an extensive slave owner 
at Paducah, Tenn., and while visiting him at one 
time Reuben said much to him against slavery, in 
consequence of which Samuel said,"l will free this 
negro boy," pointing to a bright little fellow near 
him, "if you will take him home with you." This 
Reuben did and kept the boy until he died, after 
which the negro made liis home with our subject's 

In his boyhood, James Kercheval went to Pa- 
ducah, Tenn., where he lillod the position of clerk 

in the store of his uncle, Samuel Kercheval. It 
was while there that his father made him a visit 
and the incident of the negro boy above related 
took place. Later he was a farmer and an exten- 
sive hog raiser and dealer in Ohio. He sold a 
large lot of hogs to a packer, who failed before 
payment had been made, so that in effecting a set- 
tlement, James Kercheval received a tract of land 
in Indiana, which he accepted as he could secure 
nothing else. That tract is now included in the 
large farm belonging to our subject. 

In the fall of 1844 James Kercheval came to 
his new purchase, which was then and ever after- 
ward known by the name of the "pretty place," a 
name given it by the hunters of the early days, all 
of whom made it a stamping ground on account 
of the beautiful lay of the land. In 1846, Mr. 
Kercheval was crippled by falling from a load of 
hay, which partially paralyzed him. He then took 
his family back to Ohio, but three years afterward 
again came to Indiana and remained here until 
May 30, 1868, the date of his death. A man of 
many good qualities of heart and mind, he was a 
life-long Methodist. Politically, he was first a 
Whig and later a Republican. 

Our subject's mother, who has been a member 
of his household since the death of her husband, 
more than a quarter of a century ago, was Mary 
Ann Schoolc}'. She was born in Hamilton, Butler 
County, Ohio, April 30,1816. Her father, John 
Schooley, was born in Springfield (now Spring- 
dale) August 21, 1792, and was a tanner by trade, 
owning a large tannery at Hamilton, Oliio. In 
addition to that business he engaged in merchan- 
dising for some time. Great-grandfather John 
Schooley, was born in New Jersey and was a de- 
scendant of English ancestors. The mother of 
Mrs. Mary A. Kercheval was Jane, daughter of 
John Withrow, who early removed from Kentucky 
to Ohio. 

The subject of this sketch was the only son in a 
family of five children. His eldest sister, Mary 
Jane, was born April 30, 1836, and died at tlie age 
of five years. Sarah Ann, who was born February 
11, 1839, married Caswell Boxley, now deceased, 
and resides in Sheridan. Angeline, who was born 
March 23, 1845, became the wife of F. M. McKin- 



zie, who was a soldier in the Civil War and a 
brother of our subject's wife. Ellen P. was born 
August 6, 1849, and is the wife of James M. Spen- 
cer, whose father, Thomas Spencer, was one of llie 
first settlers in Adams Township. 

AVhen the Kerclieval famil_y entered the wilder- 
ness of Hamilton County, our subject was only 
two years of age. His Ixiyliood days were spent 
in helping to make a lionu- for his parents, and 
his advantages for education were limited to the 
pioneer schools of the da}'. October 19, 1861, he 
enlisted as a i)rivate in Conii)any II, Fifty-seventh 
Indinn.-a Infantry, and scrvi'd for three years, lie 


if Ft. Donelson, the 

siege of Corinth and the battle of Shiloli, also 
followed General Bragg to Pcrryville and througii 
Cumberland (iap, enduring many hardships .and 
long marches. Having been taken ill at Nashville, 
he was compelled to go inti) a hospital, and while 
there he was three times examined and ordered 
discharged, and three times refused to accept a 
discharge. However, lie was never again able to 
do field service. He acted as hospital steward 
when able, and at the expiration of his term of 
service was discliaiged, November 18, 18()4. Dur- 
ing the time he was in hospital, he made several 
attempts to get to his regiment, but was refused 
permission to join it. as it was known to the 
surgeon that he could never do active lieldservice 

Returning to his lionic, Mr. Kercheval invested 
the >!;iOO which he had saved during service in 
young stock, and from that small beginning grew 
the large business he has since conducted in the 
slock trade. He also went to school for one term 
in Sheridan, but, like other boys who entered the 
army, he was no longer a boy when he entered the 
service, but a man, and thought himself too old to 
attend school longer. It may, however, be said 
to his credit that he has been a student through 
his entire iife, and is now one of the best read men 
in this locality. 

December 1, ISflT, Mr. Kerclieval married Miss 
Martha .lane .McKinzie, who was born in Adams 
Township in 18.50, being a daughter of Washing- 
ton and Susan (Spencer) McKinzie. Her father 
was a member of an old Virginia family of Revo- 

utionary fame and of Scotch ancestry. He was 
born in Jackson County, Ohio, September 22, 
1804, and becoming an early settler of Hamilton 
County, died in Adams Township, October 30, 
1873. Mrs. McKinzie, who known in maiden- 
hood as Susan Spencer, was born in Greenbrier 
County, Va., Septemlier 30, 1810, and is of Eng- 
lish descent. She is now (1893) eighty-three 
years of age, and with the exception of a slight 
deafness is as bright and active as a half century 
ago. She makes her home with a daughter, Mary 
A., the widow of C. F. Dragoo. 

Jlrs. Kercheval had six brothers, but at present 
only three are living. .loliii R. resides in Adams 
Township. Thomas S. was a soldier in the (Mvil 
War and resides in Sheridan. F. M. enlisted in 
Company H, Fifty-seventh Indiana Infantry, in 
which he served until the close of the war; he is 
now a prosperous farmer residing in Adams Town- 
ship. A sister of Mrs. Kercheval, Mary Ann, mar- 
ried Frank Dragoo, a soldier in the late war; she 
is now a widow and resides upon a farm in Adams 
Township. A lad\' of good education and high 
talents, our subject's wife is an enthusiastic worker 
in the Woman's Relief Corps, being the President 
of that order at Sheridan, and for years having 
served as delegate to the National Encampment. 
She is a devoted member of the Methodist Church. 

A life-long Republican, Mr. Kercheval is not a 
prominent worker in the party, having always 
refused official honors. He is identified with the 
Methodist Church. Socially, he holds fraternal 
relations with the Knights of Pythias and is es- 
pecially prominent in the (irand Army of the Re- 
public, having officiated as Commander of his 
post. He is the owner of a large and finely im- 
proved farm, consisting of nearly four hundred 
acres, and conceded to be one of the most attrac- 
tive homesteads in the county. There with his 
wife and two children, who still remain with lliem, 
he is living in the enjoyment of every pleasure 
and comfort which money can secure. 

The eldestchild of Mr. Kercheval is Minnie, who 

was born September 1, 1868; she married Frank 

Griffith and resides in Adams Townshi|). James 

W. was born June 15, 1870, and is now engaged 

I in the livery business at F"alcon, Colo. Lemuel 



C. who was born August 20, 1872, and Emma C, 
whose birth occurred June 30, 1880, reside with 
their parents and are completing- their studies in 
the district. schools. 

ffU^ OWELL D. THOMPSON is one of the old- 
\Y]i] est attorneys-at-law in continuous practice 
/^^' in Madison County and first hung out 
(^) his shingle in Anderson in 1862. He was 
born at Bellefonte, Centre County, Pa., on the 6th 
of May, 1822. His father was John L. Thompson, 
a native 6t Huntingdon County, of the same state. 
Howell, the grandfather, was a native of County 
Antrim. Ireland, and was by occupation a linen 
manufacturer. He came to America a single man 
and located in Pennsylvania, where he married 
and engaged in farming. Although a cripple, he 
was a successful farmer and lived to the ripe age 
of ninety-tliree j'ears. 

Mr. Thompson 's father was an expert mechanic in 
iron, making all iiinds of essential novelties, and his 
wares became quite popular. He had a shop at 
Stormstown. In 1829 he moved to Ohio, where 
he engaged in farming in Clinton County. After 
retiring from business, he came to Indiana and re- 
sided with his children until lie died, at the age of 
eighty-six 3'ears. He was an Elder in the-Presby- 
terian Cliurch, and an active Democrat. 

The mother of our subject was Sarah John, who 
was born in Northampton Count}', Pa. She died in 
Ohio in 1837. There were nine children, eigiil of 
whom reached their majorit}', but at the time of 
this writing but five survive: Samuel, a farmer of 
Grant Count}'; Anna, who resides at Dells, Ore- 
gon; Hannah, a resident of Grant County; Jane, 
of Franklin County, Kan.; and Howell D., the 
third oldest of tiie living. The latter spent his 
first seven years in Pennsylvania and came west 
with his parents in wagons in 1829, landing in 
Clinton County, Ohio, after a trip of twenty-two 
da,vs. The first house was made of rude logs. 
Young Thompson helped to improve the farm, and 

attended a subscription school a few months in 
the winter until he was seventeen years of age, 
when he began teaching school. He remained 
with his parents until past twenty-one years of 
age. Those weie days preceding railroad trans- 
portation, and farm products had to be wagoned 
to Cincinnati, it requiring five days to make tiie 
trip. When in his twenty-second year Mr. Thomp- 
son engaged in carpentering. 

In 1845 Mr. Thompson went to Winchester, 
Ind., and attended school during the summer, and 
In the following winter taught school in Grant 
County. In 1846 he taught in Muncie in the 
academy, but an epidemic of small-pox broke up 
the scliool. After teaching in Randoli)h County 
in the winter of 1847, Mr. Thompson entered the 
Farmers' College, at Cincinnati, from whicli he 
graduated in 1849. He then came to Madison 
County and taught school, and read law under the 
late Judge Harvey Craven, at Pendleton. He was 
admitted to the Madison County Bar in March, 
1851, to the Supreme Court in May, and the Fed- 
eral Court in November of the same year. He 
began practicing at .Marion, Grant County, in 
partnership with the late Judge Winburn R. 
Pierse. He continued the practice until the 
spring of 1861, wlien he became Captain of Com- 
pany I, Twelfth Indiana Volunteers. He was mus- 
tered in and went south. In Julj', 1861, he re- 
signed on account of hemorrhage of the lungs. 
Returning to Marion, he remained there until 1862, 
when he located at Anderson, whicii then had 
about one thousand population. The partnership 
with Mr. Pierse was renewed in the new location, 
and it continued until 1873, when that gentleman 
went on the Bench as Judge of the Circuit Court. 
Since that time Mr. Thompson lias continued the 
practice of law alone. One of Mr. Thompson's 
earl}' business combinations was with Asbury 
Steele, of Marion, who was afterwards Colonel of 
the Thirty-fourth Indiana Volunteers. Early in 
his career Mr. Thompson discovered the force of 
the axiom, "Honesty is the best policy," and has 
always rigidly adhered to it. He has the ini[)licit 
confidence of the people among whom he lives. 
Mr. Thompson has always taken great pride in Ins 
library and has probably the finest individual 



collection of books in the stale, outside of the 
largest cities. 

On the 5tii of December, 1852, Howell D. Thomp- 
son was united in marriage with Miss Eliza J. 
Butler, who was born in Randolph Count}', Ind., 
the daughter of Curtis H. Butler, who came from 
Georgia. She was reared and educated in Miami 
and Grant Counties. The result of this marriage 
was two daughters: Mrs. Mary E. Newton and 
Mrs. Nellie T. Sherman, both residents of Ander- 
son. Both daughters have interesting families. 

Mr. Thompson never sought office, although he 
has held the olfiee of Councilman two terms. He 
is a Democrat and served four years as Chairman 
of the County Committee. He is an Elder in the 
l^rcsliyteiian (liiirch, and is an active Sunday- 
sciiuol worker. For seven years he served as 
.Superintendent of the Sunday-school. He is a 
member of the Knights Templar, State Bar Asso- 
ciation and is Chairman of the Madison County 
Bar AssociatiiiM. 

III ,— ^ quently been said that any one can 
^^^ farmer, and while it is true that any one 


be a 


till the soil after a fashion, it is only the man 
who possesses certain attributes, among which 
may be mentioned thrift, energy- and intelligence, 
who can make the ground yield the richest har- 
vests and thoroughly compensate him for the labor 
bestowed. Mr. Cunningham is a member of one 
of the most progressive of families and in other 
respects, as well as a tiller of the soil, he has en- 
deavored to keep out of the grooves and has 
always favored the adoption of new and improved 
methods in conducting his operations, one of the 
secrets, no doubt, of his success. 

In Davie County, N.C.,he first saw the light of 
day on the .')th of May, 1847, of which state his 
wortliy parents. William and Jane (Inglis) Cun- 
ningham, were also natives, and where they were 
reared, married and resided some years after 
the celebration of their nuptials. In order to im- 
inove their financial condition and provide a 

competency for their children, tlicy (Ict'iiicd it ad- 
visable to remove westward, and on the l«th of 
December, 18.52, they found tiiemselves in Madi- 
son County, Ind., and here the father tilled the 
soil of a farm in an intelligent and (jrolltable man- 
ner up to the d.ay of his death. He well 
known for his shrewd and practical views on all 
matters of general interest, and from early man- 
hood the principles of the Republican party recom- 
mended themselves to his excellent judgment and 
he gave them his support at the polls. He was a 
worthy member of the German Baptist Church, and 
his walk through life was marked by the strictest 
honor and integrity. He was married three times. 
His father, William Cunningham, came to Madison 
County in 1818, and here made his home until his 
death in 1850, at the advanced age of eighty-live 

George L. Cunningiiani was the eldest of three 
children born to his parents, and having received 
good educational opportunities in his youth, 
which he wisely improved to the utmost, he began 
his career as a pedagogue at the age of twenty-one 
years, and this occupation he continued to follow 
during the winter months for six years, the warmer 
seasons being spent in tilling the soil and harvest- 
ing his crops. In this manner he obtained a good 
start in life, and upon deciding to settle down he 
had some means with which to commence bis mar- 
ried life. His marriage occurred February 11, 18fi8, 
Miss Elizabeth Dilts, a daughter of Richard and 
Mary Dilts, becoming his wife, but their wedded 
life of short duration, as he was called upon 
to mourn her death soon after their union. Octo- 
ber 22, 1871, he was united in marriage with Mrs. 
Druzilla Moore, a daughter of . I. IVI. Zedeker. She 
died December 28, 1872, and in 187C Mr. Cun- 
ningham's third marriage was celebrated, 
Mary .Jane Moss becoming his wife and eventually 
the mother of his eight children: Carrie, born Oc- 
tober 27, 1878; Arthur Roscoe, August 22, 1880; 
Stella May, July 13, 1882; Grace Ethel, April 19, 
1884; Albert, December 19, 1885; Carl, August 11, 
1888; Homer Ray, Eebruary 19, 1890; and Edna 
Fay, September 26, 1892. Mr. Cunningham has 
always been a wide-awake citizen, is well known 
for his strict probity, and as a man of his word is 



loyal to bis countr^'^, home and friends and his 
genial and agreeable ways have won him a host 
of friends. Politically, he is a Republican. 

(AJl\ ORTIMKU ATIIERTON. All the legends 
/// l\\ '■^^ ^'^'^ *'■'•'>' ^^*^" Anderson was being trans- 
f l^ formed from an Indian village to a set- 
* tlement of white men are familiar to 

Mr. Atherton, who came here with his parents as 
early as 1832, wiien the events were yet fresh in 
the minds of the people. Schoppendausia Village, 
near Frankton, was yet in existence. Stockades 
near Anderson were occupied by soldiers. The 
first removal of Indians was made in 1830. Mr. 
Atherton was a veritable pioneer, being perhaps 
the oldest continuous resident. He was born in 
Indianapolis on tiie 24th of March, 1827. His 
father was W. G. Atherton, who was born near 
Lexington, Ky., and was the son of Benjamin 
Atlierton, who came from the east to one of Dan- 
iel Boone's stockades. He was Captain of one of 
the company of rangers organized to subdue the 
Indians. After this was accomplished he located 
at Harrison, on the dividing line between Indi- 
ana and Oliio. In 1819 he removed to Indian- 
apolis, before it was the capital, and settled at the 
mouth of Fall Creek, which ground was known as 
Camj) Morton during the war. He was a Captain 
in the War of 1812. He was a successful farmer 
on the ground on which the eastern part of In- 
dianapolis is now built. He died in 1843, in his 
eightieth year. 

The father of jMr. Atherton was a successful 
farmer. After his marriage to a Miss Lake he 
bought and improved a farm on Pleasant Run. 
In 1831 he moved to Anderson and started a gen- 
eral dry -goods store. Grandfather Lake located at 
the mouth of F'all Creek at the same time. The 
articles of traffic consisted principally of coffee, 
tea, powder, lead, tobacco and flints. Mr. Ather- 
ton has a flint-lock gun which his father gave him 

when nine years of age. The father continued 
merchandising until 1860. He was also a stock- 

dealer. In 1860 he located at Albion, Iowa, and 
engaged in the hardware and stove trade, at which 
he continued until 1872, when he died at the age 
of seventy-three years. During his residence in 
Madison Count}' he was a member of tlie Legisla- 
ture for two terms. 

Mr. Athorton's mother was Hannah Lake, who 
was born near Trenton, N. J. She was the daugh- 
ter of Isaac Lake, who came from England to 
New Jersey, from there to Harrison, Oliio, .and in 
1819 he settled on Fall Creek, where he devoted 
his time to the raising of horses. He died at the 
age of eighty-six years. The mother died in 1872, 
aged seventy-two. Of her seven children, four 
are living. Marcellus, the youngest boy, served 
through the late war, first in an Iowa regiment 
and later in the Mississippi squadron. He died 
in California. Mortimer was the third eldest of 
the family. He was born in a log frame house, 
where is now the corner of Meridian and Wash- 
ington Streets, in the very heart of Indian- 
apolis. He remained there until his [jarents 
moved to Anderson in the year 1832. At that 
time there were but two brick houses in Indian- 
apolis. The first location in Anderson was where 
the Eagle Block now stands. Mr. Atherton occa- 
sionally attended a school taught by Colonel Berry 
in a log house. He many times drove hogs to 
Cincinnati, consuming from eighteen to twenty- 
one days in making the trip. He would paj' his fa- 
ther's bills and bring back the balance of the pro- 
ceeds of the sale of hogs. He remained at home 
until nineteen years old. In 1845 he helped survey 
the Bellefontaine (now Big Four) Railroad. He 
built the first steam sawmill in the country- and 
sawed ties and timber for the railroad. In com- 
pany with his father and brothers in 1855, he 
built a warehouse and engaged in the grain busi- 
ness until 1860, when he engaged in the lumber 
business, in which he has continued to the pres- 
ent time. His was the first, and for many j-ears 
the only lumber yard in Anderson. In 1888 he 
built the planing mill which he now operates, 
40x60 feet, and two stories high. Mr. Atherton has 
been a member of Mt. Moriah Lodge, A. F. & A. M., 
of which he is Past Master, ever since he was 
twenty-one years of age, and is a Scottish Rite 


il^-^UL^ /%). Jll^r^i^ 



Mason. He is a cliiirler member of the Republican 

In IS III :\lr. Atlicrtoii wns married to IMiss Ma- 
tilda \':aniorl. wlio wa^ born in West \'irginia. 
She was the daughter of Thomas \'annort, of Vir- 
ginia, who settled in Madison County in 1840. 
Mr. and Mrs. Atherton have had five children, four 
of whom arc living. Samuel .M., who resides in 
Chicago, is with tlie Chicago. Milwaukee A- St. 
Paul Railroad. He was a conductor and was in- 
jured in an accident, since which time he has 
been Chief Clerk in the distributing office. A. C. 
resides in Lewistown, III., and is Superintendent 
of the Fulton County Narrow (iauge Railway; 
Rome M. is a partner in the business and Director 
of the Citizens' Gas Company; and William W. is 
also a partner. Lawrence, died when young. 


Ti" ESSE II. HALL. Among the highly honored 
pioneers of Madison County is .Jesse II. 
Hall, whose tine farm is one of tlie orna- 
ments of jMonroe Tovvnship. Born in 
Highland County, Ohio, November 22, 1823, he is 
the son of Joseph and Catherine (Hook) Hall. 
His father was born in X'irginia in 1801, and at ;iu 
early age removed with his parents to Highland 
County, Ohio. Grandfather Hall dying shortly 
afterward, the responsibility of supporting the 
family fell on Joseph, who had a hard struggle 
from boyhood to manhood. He undertook the 
hard task of clearing the land of the heavy timber 
with which it was covered. 

Ill 1822 Mr. Hall married IMiss Catherine Hook, 
and afterward made his home in Highland County, 
Ohio, until 1836, \vhen he decided to remove 
farther westward. Settling in Jladison County, 
Ind., he entered eighty acres of Government land 
and again undertook the task of developing a 
farm from an unbroken wilderness. He was very 
successful in his farming operations, and gradually 
added to his possessions until he became the owner 
of many fertile acres. He lived to see all his 
children reach mature years, except one, who died 
when about eleven years old. In politics he ad- 

vocated the principles of the Republican party, and 
at one time was a candidate for Representative. 
He was a man of t-lio strictest integrity, outspoken 
ill all hi- views, and possessed very fixed principles. 
His death occurred in 1869. 

Our subject's maternal grandmother was a Poe 
and a niece of Adam and Andrew Poe, who were 

strength. It was about the close of the Revolution, 
while in pursuit of a part3' of Wyandotte Indians, 
that the famous light occurred between Adam Poe 
and the Indian, Big Foot. Adam and his brother 
Andrew were among the parts' of pursueis. They 
had followed u[) the chase all night, and in the 
morning found themselves uiion the light track. 
The Indians could be easily followed by the dew 
brushed from the grass and shrubs. The |)riiit of 
one very large foot was seen and it thus became 
known that a famous Indian of uncommon size 
and strength must be of the party. The whites 
decided to follow the tracks which led to the river, 
liut Adam Poe objected, fearing that they might 
be taken by surprise, and took a different route 
from the rest. His intention was to creep along 
the edge of the bank under cover of the trees and 
bushes, and to fall upon the savages so suddenly 
that he might gel them between his own liie and 
that of his companions. At the point where he 
expected to find them, he saw the rafts which they 
were accustomed to iiush before them when they 
swam the river, and on them were [ilaced their 
blankets, tomahawks and guns. The Indians them- 
selves he could not see and he was obliged logo 
partly down the bank to get a shot at them. As 
he descended with his rifle cocked, he discovered 
two, the celel)iated large Indian and a smaller one, 
seiiarated from the others and holding their rifles, 
also cocked, in their hands. 

Mr. Poe took aim at the large Indian, l)ut his 
rifle missed fire, and the savages, turning at the 
sound, saw him liof'ore he had time to shoot. 
Suddenly he jumped down upon Ihem and caught 
the larger Indian by the clothes and threw .aii arm 
around the neck of the smaller man. They fell 
to the ground together, but Poe was uppermost. 
While he was struggling to keep down the larger 



Indian, the smaller one, at a word spoken from his 
companion, slipped his neck out of Poe's grasp 
and ran to the raft for a tomahawk. At that 
moment Big Foot threw his arms around Poe's 
body and held him in a powerful embrace in order 
that tiie other Indian might come up and kill him. 
Poe watched the advance of iiis treacherous foe 
and the descending arm of tiie Indian so closely 
tliat at the instant of the intended stroke he raised 
liis foot and b}' a vigorous and skillful kick, 
knocked the tomahawk from his assailant's hand. 
Tlie Indian quickly recovered his weapon and 
again ajjproached, but more cautiously, waving his 
arm up and down with mock blows to deceive Poe 
as to the stroke which was intended to be real and 
fatal. Poe, however, was so vigilant and active 
that he averted the tomahawk from his head, but 
received it upon his wrist, resulting in a wound 
deep enough to cripple, but not destroy entirely, 
tiie use of his hand. 

In this crisis Poe made a violent effort and broke 
loose from Big Foot. Snatching a rifle, he shot tiie 
small Indian as he ran up a third time with the 
uplifted tomahawk, but before he could turn his 
attention to Big Foot, tlie latter was upon him. 
Grasping Poe by the shoulder and one leg, he 
hurled him into the aii', heels over head. Almost 
as soon as he touched the ground, Poe was on his 
feet and a still more desperate struggle took place. 
The bank was slippery and they fell into the water, 
where each strove to drown the other. Long and 
desperately they struggled, each alternately under 
water and half strangled, until Poe fortunately 
grasped with his uninjured hand the tuft of hair 
upon the scalp of the Indian and forced his head 
under the water, holding it there until the Indian 
appeared to be dead. Relaxing his hold, he dis- 
covered to&late the stratagem. Big Foot was in- 
stantly upon his feet and engaged again in the 
fierce contest for life and victory. They were 
naturally carried deeper into the water, and the 
current becoming stronger, bore them beyond their 
depth. They were now compelled to loosen their 
hold upon each other and to swim for mutual 
safety. Both strove to reach the shore first in 
order to get the guns, but the Indian, being the 
better swimmer, reached tlie land (irst. Seein<r 

this, Poe then turned back into the water to avoid 
a greater danger, with the intention of diving to 
escape the fire. Fortunately for him tiie Indian 
cauglit up the rifle which had been discharged 
already, and just at this critical moment Andrew 
Poe presented liimself. The latter had just left 
his companions, who had killed all but one of the 
other Indians, at the expense of three of their own 
number, and the report of his brother's rifle warned 
him to liurry to his assistance. 

One of the white men, mistaking Adam for a 
wounded Indian struggling in the water, fired at 
him and struck him in the shoulder. Adam 
shouted to his brother to kill the big Indian, but 
Andrew's gun had been discharged and tlie contest 
was now between him and the savage. Eacli 
labored to load his rifle first. The Indian, after 
putting in his powder strove to push down his 
ball and drew the ramrod out with such force that 
it flew out of his hands and landed in the water. 
AVhile he ran to get it, Andrew gained the ad- 
vantage, but it was only b}' a hair's breadth, for 
the Indian was raising the gun to his eye when he 
received the ball of the backwoodsman. Andrew 
then jumped into the water to assist his wounded 
brother to the shore, but Adam, thinking more of 
carrying the big Indian home as a trophj' than of 
his own wounds, urged Andrew to go back and 
prevent the struggling savage from rolling liim- 
self into the current and escaping. Andrew, how- 
ever, was too solicitous for the safety of Adam to 
allow him to obey, and the ]iroud Wyandotte, 
jealous of his honor as a warrior, even m death, 
and knowing well the intention of his white 
conquerors, succeeded in retaining life and action 
long enough to reach the current, which swept his 
body away. 

Our subject was the eldest of eiglit children. 
He had improved all of his educational privileges 
during his youth, and at the age of seventeen com- 
menced to teach school. He alternated teaching 
with attending school until twenty-six years of 
age, completing his education at Franklin College, 
south of Indianapolis. His early ambition was to 
prepare himself for the medical profession, but a 
number of unforeseen events deterred him from 
carrying out his plans in that direction, and lie 



engaged instead in agricultural pursuits. He lias 
developed the farm lie now occupies out of the 
dense forest, and in tiie use of the axe, hoe and 
mattock has had all the usual cxi)eriences of pioneer 

On the HMi of Fehniui-y, 18 lit, Mr. Hall married 
Mi>s Elizabeth S., daiiyhlcr of 1 van and Tem|»eraiice 
(Smith) Ellis. Ivan Ellis was one of the early 
settlers of Madison County', Ind., and was elected 
State Representative on the Democratic ticket in 
1810. Our subject's family consisted of thirteen 
children, as follows: Catherine E., Amanda M., 
Louisa and .lohii W. (all of whom are deceased); 
Nathan A.; Sara E., now Mrs. Alexander Peck, of 
Monroe Township; Joseph E., a physician of 
Alexandria; William I., a real-estate and loan 
liroker at Alexandria; Marj' E., the wife of William 
May, Deputy Postmaster at Alexandria; Charles 
M., who lives in Alexandria; Jesse E., a graduate of 
the law department of the Michigan State Univer- 
sity and now a practicing attornej' at Alexandria; 
Margaret T., decea.sed; and Henry II., who is at 
home. Mr. Hall is a self-made man and has led a 
very busy and useful life, being foremost in all 
movements of public interest. He is a firm be- 
liever and true defender of Republican principles. 
The securing of the Lake Erie & Western Railroad 
at Alexandria was due largely to his efforts. He 
was the first Secretary and Treasurer of the Farmers' 
Insurance Company of Madison County, and after 
serving threes years in that capacity, was elected 
President, which position he now holds. Mr. Hall 
has divided a large portion of his possessions 
among his children and has the satisfaction of 
witnessing their success in business and social life. 

^4^^ AMUEL HEINY, a successful agriculturist 
^^^ and highly respected citizen of Indiana, a 
V^3' ''fS"'''™^ resident of Hamilton County, 
' who was born August 3, 1840, in Wayne 

Township, has fidiii his early youth been intimate- 
ly associated with tlie [irogressive interests of his 
locality and, widely known, enjoys the confidence 

of a host of old-time friends and acquaintances. 
His father and raotlier, Samuel and Anna (Schuck) 
Heiny, were born, reared and maiiied in Pennsyl- 
vania, and in the spring of 18 Id aceompaiiiod the 
paternal grandparents of our subject to the then far 
off state of Indiana. Here they bought and located 
upon eighty acres of land near the present farm 
of Samuel Heiny. .Ir. I'lie old homestead was then 
mostly wild land, :ind the lirst care of the settlers 
was to build a log-cabin, in which the two fMmilies 
found shelter until a better house could lie erected. 
In time the eighty acres yielded to eultivalion 
and became one of the finest farms in the county. 
The grandparents, beloved by all who knew Ihcm, 
survived to an advanced age, then peacefully en- 
tered into rest. The father, one of five childrcu 
who gathered in the home of the grandparents, was 
a man universally esteemed for his sterling quali- 
ties of head and heart. He was a thorough Jack- 
son inn Democrat, and ardentl3' devoted to the in- 
terests of the party. He survived to witness the 
marvelous development of his adopted state, and 
passed away at eighty-one years of age. 

The mother, who was one of a large family* of 
sons and daughters, bore her husband nine chil- 
dren, seven of whom are yet living, and most of 
whom are by occupation farmers. Mrs. Anna 
Heiny died upon the homestead at sevent3'-two 
years of age. A true wife and tender mother, her 
record was one of unselfishness and untiring in- 
dustry. Samuel Heiny, Jr., during his childhood 
attended the little school of the district, and as he 
grew older was an able aid in the work of his fa- 
ther's farm. When twenty years of age, he began 
the battle of life by working out on adjoining 
farms by the month. Slun-tly after the breaking 
out of the Civil War. he engaged with courage in 
the conflict and was absent from his home for four 
years, during this entire time being constantly on 
duty and exposed to the perils and privations of 
the field. 

Soon after his return to Indiana. Samuel Heiny 
was in 1866 united in marriage with Miss Cather- 
ine Heiny, born in Wayne Township in 1843, and 
a daughter of Heniy and Annetta (Stichter) Heiny. 
Mr. Ilein.v, a farmer and also a merchant of Clarks- 
ville, died at foity-four years of age. His father, 



Jacob Heiny, emigrated with his wife and chil- 
dren from Pennsylvania to Indiana in pioneer 
days, and passed away in Hamilton County. The 
Stichters were a highly respected family of the 
Quaker State, where their sons and daughters were 
reared to usefulness. Mrs. Annetta (Stichter) 
Heiny early located in Indiana, and here her 
widowed mother died at an advanced age. The 
union of our subject and iiis estimable wife lias 
been blessed by the birth of eight children. 

The sons and daughters in the order of their 
birth are: Cora, wlio married George Keesling, and 
has three children; Albert, at home; Lizzie, wife 
of Charles Ebbert; Barbara E., Laura B., Edgar, 
Mary Alice and Effie, the five youngest, all at home. 
After tiie war was ended Mr. Heiny worited b^' the 
month on a farm for a year, then rented land near 
Noblesville and cnltivated the same, two years 
later removing a little to tiie east and tilling this 
farm two j'ears. He finally' worked upon the old 
home farm another two years, when he bought a 
sawmill at Clarksville, ran it sixteen months, and 
then sold out. Our subject again rented land, and 
at the expiration of some length of time bought 
his present valuable farm of one hundred and 
twenty acres, now highly cultivated and well im- 
proved with excellent and attractive buildings. 
Two years ago, in company with his brother 
George, Mr. Heiny bought the tile works, and has 
since engaged in tiie manufacture of tiling, also 
conducting mixed farming with success. 

Politically a Republican, our subject cast his 
first Presidential vote for General Grant, and 
throughout the changing years has over been true 
to the interests of tlie party. He is fraternally as- 
.sociated with the Grand Army of the Republic, 
and, a valued member of Lookout Post, at No- 
blesville, much enjoys the re-unions of the order. 
Many years Iiave passed since, in 1861, answering 
to the appeals of the Government, Samuel Heiny, 
in the dawn of manhood, enlisted in Company E, 
Thirty-ninth Indiana Infantry. After serving 
bravely three years, he was transferred on account 
of re-organization to the Eighth Indiana Cavalry, 
in which he remained with fidelity until the close 
of tiie war. Twenty-eight years have come and 
gone since he returned in safety to his home, and 

to-day, as long ago upon the field of battle, our 
subject is a true and loyal American citizen, es- 
teemed and honored by all who know him. 

Christian woman of high abilitj' and ear- 
nest character, is widely known throughout 
Wayne Township, Hamilton County, as 
the widow of Calvin Malleiy, a highly esteemed 
citizen and upright man, who entered into rest, 
mourned as a public loss, January 12, 1891. Our 
subject, a native of Noblesville Township, and born 
August 5, 1840, was tlie daughter of Chester and 
Johanna (Heaton) Granger, pioneer settlers of 
Hamilton County. Chester Granger, who was 
born January 29, 1811, was a man of energy and 
enterprise, and after a life of busy usefulness 
passed away July 18, 1874, in the city of Nobles- 
ville. He was a brother of L. N. Granger, also 
a prominent citizen of Hamilton Count}-. The 
mother, j-et surviving, makes her home in Nobles- 

Mrs. Mallery was one of three children born 
to her parents, two of whom are now living. 
Reared and educated in her birthplace, she arrived 
at attractive womanhood well fitted to assume the 
coming responsibilities of life. March 10, 1859, 
were united in marriage Calvin Mallery and Me- 
lissa A. Granger. The husband of our subject 
was, like his wife, a native of Noblesville Town- 
ship, Hamilton County, where he was born July 
12, 1838, and had from his early childhood been the 
associate and friend of his future life-companion. 
His father, Horace C. Mallery, was born in New 
York, April 6, 1815, and accompanied his parents 
to the west when about six years of age. Iden- 
tified with the rapid growth and upward progress 
of Indiana, he survived to see the wilderness 
transformed, into cultivated fields and died in 
Wayne Township November 11, 1879. 

The paternal grandfather, Curtis Mallery, a 
prominent pioneer of Indiana, who was born April 
8, 1774, died October 1, 1851, respected by all 
who knew him. Ilis worthy wife, Nancy Mallery, 


born June 16, 1782, shared the privations and 
sacrifices of frontier life with her family for many 
years, and dyinaf wilii cholera in Noblesville Au- 
gust 19, 1850, preceded lier husband to tlie better 
world. A devoted wife and mother, she tenderly 
cared for tlie ten children who blessed her home. 
Horace C. Mallery wedded early in life Miss Mary 
Fugh, who was born September 19, 1817, in Oliio. 
She passed away March 31, 1875, beloved by all 
who knew her. She was the mother of six cliil- 
(Iren, two of wiiom are yet living. Immediately 
succeeding tlieir marriage, Mr. and ISIrs. Calvin 
Mallery settled upon tlie iiomestead whore t)ur 
subject now resides. 

Mr. Mallery as a farmer boy had l)een thorougli- 
ly trained from his childhood into the round of 
agricultural duties, and under his management tlie 
broad acres became highly productive, annually 
yielding an abundant harvest. Agriculture, how- 
ever, was not the only ))ursuit of his life. Me was 
an eloquent preacher of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church; self educated, and an able minister of tiie 
Word, lie did faithful service for tlie Master 
through many changing seasons. Rev. Calvin Mal- 
loiy was long an efficient Sunday-school Superin- 
tendent, and together with his wife and family, all 
active members of the Methodist Episcopal Cliurch, 
hugely promoted the cause of Christianity and 
liberally aided in the extension of religious in- 
fluence. Tlie beloved luisband of our subject was 
active in local affairs, and, early a Republican, was 
later a stanch Prohibitionist. He was Township 
Tru.stee, and also discharged with fidelity the du- 
ties of other offices of trust. 

Mrs. Melissa JIallery welcomed U> her heart and 
home a family of eleven children, of whom five 
daughters and three sons are yet surviving. Lucy 
A., the wife of Frank Bradley, is the mother of 
four chiUlreii. Hlta, wife of Eli Fisher, had one 
child, Eli, who died February 12, 1891). Garrick 
I^. is on the old farm, where he has a fine residence; 
he was married September 27, 1893, to Miss Irnea 
Morrow. Orindorio married George Marshall, and 
has three children. Mary, Jennie, Ingram W. and 
Alfred H. are all with their mother. Our subject 
and her eldest son together manage the fine old 
honieslead, whose three hundred and twenty acres. 

highly cultivated, render the Mallery farm one 
of the most valuable pieces of agricultural prop- 
erty in Wayne Townsliip. The Imiiroveiiients are 
all of a substantial charaelt'r. the uiodeiii and com- 
modious residence having been erecfed xmie twelve 
years ago. 

Passing her entire lifetime amid the familiar 
scenes and associations of youth, oui- sulijeel pos- 
sesses a wide circle of ac(iuaint:uiri's, to whom she 
has ever been a. kind friend and neighbor, re- 
joicing with them in their joys and sympathizing 
with them in their hours of sorrow. The great 
bei-eaveinent of her life bereaved the entire com- 
munity among whom Calvin Mallery live(i and 
labored, and his memoir will long be cherished in 
Wayne Township, where his children, reared to 
usefulness, will worthily occupy positions of lion- 
orcd influence. 

M. JENKINS, a successful business man 
and a prominent lumberman of Nobles- 
ville, is also well known throughout Ham- 
ilton County and the state of Indiana as 
a breeder of fine trotting horses, principally hand- 
ling the Wilkes stock, and has at present upon liis 
extensive farm a choice variety of colts. Mr. 
Jenkins is a native of Ohio, and was born in Day- 
ton, June 9, 1838. His [laternal grandfather, 
David Jenkins, born in North Carolina, emigrated 
in an early day to Miami County, Ohio, and there 
prosperously engaged in the pursuit of agricul- 
ture. The father, Robert Jenkins, likewise a na- 
tive of the old Tar State, accompanied his parents 
to Ohio, and as a boy exiierienced the privations 
of pioneer life. He was a noted Abolitionist, 
and later a Republican. 

The Jenkins ancestry were of Welsh and Eng- 
lish origin, one branch of the family establishing 
itself in North Carolina, where they flourished in 
Colonial days and were known as upright and pa- 
triotic citizens, devout members of the C^uaker 
sect. The mother, Ann (Pearson) Jenkins, was 
likewise born in North Carolina, the Pearsons 
being numbered among the highly respected and 



early residents of the state. Our subject spent 
the days of liis hoyliood upon the old farm, near 
Dayton, and received instruction in tlie common 
branches of study in tlie district school, later in 
life attending for one term Earlham College, in 
Richmond, Ir.d. Trained from his youth up to a 
practical knowledge of agricultural duties, Mr. 
Jenkins began farming upon his own account at 
twenty-two years of age. 

Having devoted some six or seven years to the 
cultivation of the soil of Ohio, our subject decided 
to try his fortunes in a newer field, and in 1867 
removed to Wayne County, Ind., where he en- 
gaged as a dealer in agricultural implements for 
ten years. At the expiration of this time Mr. 
Jenkins made his home in Noblesville, and en- 
gaging in the lumber business soon commanded 
an extensive trade, second to none in his locality. 
For the past few years he has profitably devoted a 
large portion of his time and attention to the su- 
perior horses bred upon his extensive stock farm, 
where a number of promising young trotters ex- 
hibit tiiemselves to groujis of admiring visitors 
and attract numerous would-be purchasers. 

In 1862, A. M. Jenkins and Miss Frances Rus- 
sell, daughter of Squire Russell, a prominent citi- 
zen and Justice of the Peace, were united in 
marriage. This estimable lady died in Richmond, 
Ind., in 1871, leaving to the care of her husband 
three children, two daughters and one son. Martha 
J. is the wife of Louis Morris, of Richmond, Ind. 
Emma Florence is the wife of John Horton, of 
Richmond. Robert F. is a resident of Richmond. 
In 1872 our subject wedded his present wife. Miss 
AcUa George, daugliter of .Jesse George, a pioneer 
settler of Hamilton County. The union of Mr. 
and Mrs. Jenkins has been blessed with the birth 
of two sons: Earl George and Ileeber A. The 
handsome family residence, situated upon the cor- 
ner of Anderson and Emnas Streets, is located 
among attractive surroundings and is widely 
known as the abode of hospitality. 

Mr. Jenkins is especially interested in church 
work, and when, in 1891, the Friends erected their 
house of worship, at a cost of §10,000, he was a 
liberal giver and was a valued member'of the 
board of financiers, through whose excellent man- 

agement the fine structure was artistically de- 
signed and completed. Our subject has long been 
a member of the Indiana Lumbermen's Associa- 
tion and finds much pleasure and profit in the re- 
unions of the leading businesF men of the state. 
Politically a strong Republican, and an earnest 
advocate of the party, he takes an abiding interest 
in all matters of mutual welfare and is widely 
known and highly respected as an enterpiising 
business man and progressive citizen. 

^^ ILAS JONES. A volume dedicated to the 
^^^ public-spirited and pioneer citizens of 
(^/_1J) Madison County' would be incomplete 
were no mention made of the subject of this 
sketch, who resides on section 7, Richland Town- 
ship, a leading resident and a prosperous farmer 
and stock-buyer, who also raises thorough-bred 
and high grade road and draft horses. Though 
commencing in business without capital or friends 
he has worked his way upward, and by the exercise 
of economy, industry and perseverance, has be- 
come well-to-do. The record of his life is inter- 
esting, not only for the perusal by friends, but also 
for the emulation of the young, who might well 
imitate the sturdy virtues characteristic of this 
brave pioneer. 

Before mentioning in detail the principal 
events in the life of our subject, it will be appro- 
priate in this connection to give his paternal his- 
tory. He is the ^on of John D. and Laodicea (Lay- 
man) Jones, the former probably a native of Ohio, 
and of Pennsylvania ancestry, while it is known 
that the latter was born in Tennessee. Early in 
the '30s John D. Jones emigrated to Indiana, ac- 
companied by his family, and after a short resi- 
dence in Madison County, went to Delaware 
County, settling in Mt. Pleasant Township. There 
he entered land from the Government and settled 
in a round-log cabin, which, though by no means 
artistic, was a comfortable dwelling. 

In politics a Democrat, John D.Jones was prom- 
inently connected with public affairs of the town- 
ship and cciunty until his death, which occurred in 



Jamiai-y, 1870. In his religious belief, he was a 
Mclliodist, and was identified with the church of 
tliat denomination in Mt. Pleasant Township. The 
inotluT of our subject, who still survives, is now 
( l.siCi) in her eighty-sixth year, and is one of the 
representative pioneers of Delaware County. She 
enjoys excellent health, considering her advanced 
years. A devoted member of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Ciiurch, she has always been interested in 
religious matters, and aids, so far as possible, every 
liliilanthropic and benevolent enterprise. 

There are four surviving children in the jta- 
rental family, namely: Savnh, wife of W. II. Lee; 
Silas; Cliai-ily. who niMrned Isaac Wright; and 
.Jacob \\'., who married Nannie Woodring. The 
maternal grandfather of these children was a min- 
ister in the Baptist Church and a pioneer preacher 
of Ohio. I'xirn in I )elaware ( 'ouiity, Ind., .January 
19, l.s.'id. our suhj.'rt was in his youth a student 
in the pioneer schools of the neighborhood, where, 
in spite of obstacles, he acquired a practical 
knowledge of the three R's. In his youth lie as- 
sisted his father in clearing land, and has acconi- 
|)lished a large amount of pioneer work. 

November 15, 1855, Mr. .Tones married Miss 
Ivulli .1. McNeer, who was born in Madison County, 
ind., .lanuary 11, 1835. She is a sister of Mrs. 
Kli/.abelh Tappan. of Anderson, Ind., and a daugh- 
ter of Andrew 11. and Catherine McNeer, who 
early in the '.ills emigrated to Madison County, 
and established a permanent home in Monroe 
Township. Their first home was in a log cabin, 
and they were identified with the history of their 
community during theentiie period of its growth. 
Mr. McNeer was a member of the Methodist Epi.s- 
copal Church and a Class-leader in that denomi- 
nation. His death occurred at the home of Mr. 
.tones in 1883. The wife preceded him, dying in 
1873 at the same place. Mr. and Mrs. .lones are 
the parents of three children: Arminda M., An- 
drew D. and Mary A. The daughters remain at 
home, but Andrew D. married C'elia A. Kirk, and 
lives on a farm near his father, but owns an eighty- 
acre tract of his own. 

After his marriage Mr. Jones resided for one 
year upon his father's farm in Delaware County, 
making his home in a log cabin which he had 

erected. In the f;dl (if is.'ji; he came to Madison 
County, and purchased eighty acres in Monroe 
Township, for which he paid $50 in cash and the 
remainder 1750, in three years. For a time he 
lived with his father-in-law, but afterward erected 
a log house on his eighty-acre tract, and, moving 
into his house, made his home there for nearl3' 
one year. He afterward sold the property for 
$1,375 cash, in the fall of 1801. I'rior i.) selling 
the place, he bought eighty acres adjoining, for 
which he paid $640, making the payments upon 
the installment plan. 

From Madison Mr. Jones returned to Delaware 
County, where he resided about two years. In the 
spring of 1864 he again came to Madison County, 
and settled upon his present farm in Richland 
Township, where he owns three hundred and 
ninety-four acres. In the accumulation of his 
property he li;vs been alily assisted hy his wife, who 
is a lady of more than ordinary ability and en- 
ergy. The^' are lioth earnest members of the 
Methodist Epi-scopal Church, in which j\Ir. .lones 
has served as Steward for two .years. ;ind liolds 
that position at present. In his politic;il belief he 
is an ardent champion of Republican principles, 
and favors everything calculated to promote the 
welfare of his fellow-citizens. 


Vtp^lf^ENE T. BRICKLEV of the drug lirm of 
lU) Buck, Brickley A- Co., and manager of the 
/I' — --^ Palace Pharmacy, was born at Winchester, 
Randolph County, Ind., on the 28tli of .Inly, IS;")!!. 
He is the son of Williard P. lirickley, for many 
years a practicing physician of Anderson. His fa- 
ther was born in Ohio, to which state the grand- 
father, John F. Brickley, removed in an early day 
from Pennsylvania. The father came to Indiima 
when a young man, and his success in life proves 
that he literally "grew up with the country." On 
the 9th of June, 1893, he was sixt^'-nine j-ears of 
age, and has practiced medicine since 1848. Mr. 
Brickley 's mother was Julia Hull, a native of Cin- 
cinnati, and a daughter of Jehiel Hull, who emi- 
grated from New Jersey to Ohio. 

Eugene T. Brickley remained in Winchester un- 
til four years of age, when his parents removed to 



Huntsville, Madison County, wliere they remained 
until 1872, when they removed to Anderson. For 
one and one-half years Mr. Brickley read medicine 
and then, in 1874, he went to Winchester and en- 
gaged in book-keeping in a produce house for five 
years. In 1881 he returned to Anderson and en- 
tered the drug store of Dr. ,1. F. Brandon as sales- 

In the spring of 1882 he entered the store of 
Brown & Buck in the same capacity. He remained 
witli the house after the death of Mr. Brown, and 
while tiie firm was Buck, Forkner* Co. In 1888 he 
bought Mr. Forkner's interest, and the firm became 
Buck, Brickley & Co., the "Co." being W. T. Dur- 
bin, of the Citizens' Bank. In 1893 the firm opened 
the Palace Pharmacy in tlie new Lieb Block, at 
the corner of Tenth and Meridian Streets, and 
it is pronounced tlie finest equii)ped establishment 
of the kind in the state. Mr. Brickley is the man- 
ager of the Palace Pharmacy, while Mr. Buck exer- 
cises like prerogatives over the parent house at the 
corner of Ninth and Meridian Streets. Mr. Brick- 
le\' is one of the promoters of the Anderson Driv- 
ing Association, of which he is Secretary. Mr. 
Brickley belongs to several secret orders, in which 
he takes much interest. He was made a Mason at 
Pendleton in 1871, and now belongs to Anderson 
Lodge No. 77, and to Anderson Commandery No. 
32. He has been a member of Anderson Lodge, 
I. O. O. F., for twelve years, is a charter member 
of the Elks, and belongs to the Knights of the 
Maccabees and tiie Ancient Order of Ihiitcd 
Workmen . 

ylLLIAM W. WEBSTER, one of the fore- 
most agriculturists of Madison County, 
comes of good old Revolutionary stock, 
for his paternal great-grandfather, who was the 
first branch of the family tree to take root on 
American soil, served bravely as a Colonel in that 
war. The Colonel was a native of England and 
was married in that country. Daniel Webster, 
grandfather of our subject, was born in England, 
and was quite small when he came with his par- 
ents to America. His wife was a native of Ire- 

land, and Robert W. Webster, father of our subject, 
was one of the children born of this union. 

The father of our subject first saw the light of 
day in Kent County Del., January 14, 1814, and 
in that state made his home until 1836, when he 
moved to Fayette County, Ind. There lie tarried 
for three years, and then moved to Madison Coun- 
ty' and settled in Boone Township. Later he re- 
moved to Van Buren Township, this count_v, and 
here his death occurred January 7, 1892. By oc- 
cupation he was a farmer. He was a self-made 
man, for he started out to make his way in life 
witli limited means, having only about |!125 when 
he first landed in Indiana. At the time of his 
death he was the owner of a large tract of 
land, all well cultivated and in good condition. 
Although a man of limited education, he was well 
informed on all the current topics of the day, and 
was an interesting and pleasant conversationalist. 
In politics, he supported the principles and policy 
of the Republican party. In early manhood he 
was a member of the Methf)dist Episcopal Church, 
and he was ever a liberal contributor to all worthy 
movements. Moral and upright in every respect, 
no man in the county was more universally re- 

Robert W. Webster was married in 1834 to 
Miss Rebecca Fisher, who was born in Kent Coun- 
ty, Del., in 1817, and was the daughter of Henry 
and Celia (Williamson) Fisher, natives of Dela- 
ware. Mrs. Webster is now living in Van Buren 
Township, and, althouojh seventy-six years of age 
(1893), is spry and active for her years and a 
most pleasant, sociable old lad}'. She is a member 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Ten children 
were born unto Mr. and Mrs. Webster. Daniel W. 
resides on the old farm with his mother; Henry 
F. died at the age of seventeen; James E. married 
Miss Frances Noble, and both he and his wife are 
deceased, being survived by their two children; 
William W. is our subject; Robert B.,a resident of 
Van Buren Township, married Miss IVLartha Baker 
and became the father of four children, three now 
living; Celia Ann is the wife of Elijah W. Beck 
and the mother of four children, one deceased; 
Eliza Jane, deceased, was forinerlv the wife of 
Alonzo Allen, wlio, witli their two ciiildren, now 



survives her; George W.'s sketch is presented else- 
where; Noah is deceased; and Rebecca, wife of 

.1. V. A'inson, was the mother of six cliihlren, five 
(if wliom are now living. 

Tlie subject of this brief notice was born in 
itoone Township, Madison County, Ind., in 1841, 
and remained with his parents until twenty-eight 
yi'.'irs of age. lie then started out for liiinsclf 
and settled upon eighty acres of timbcrland in 
the nortliern part of Van Buren Township, wliere 
he made his home until 1892. He then moved to 
Ills present home, one and one-half miles west of 
Suinmilvilk'. A i)rogressive, representative farmer, 
he is now the owner of one liundred and sixty 
acres, on wliieli is a beautiful and charming resi- 
dence. He also owns an interest in a tract of land 
near Summitville. For strict integrity and up- 
rightness he stands second to un man in the coun- 
ty. Politically, he is a Kepulilican. In his re- 
ligious views lie is a free tliinlver. He selected 
Ills wife in the person of MissSamantha C, daugh- 
ter of Alexander and Catherine (Baker) Inglis, 
natives of North Carolina (see sketch of T. N. 
Inglis). The only daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Web- 
ster is Amanda Kllen, who is the wife of Josepli 
Ilimelick, and lias one child. Klva. 

^/OIIN W. APPLi:(i.\ 

l^leasant and comfo 
blesville, is one of tli 
of Hamilton County, 


ivho occupies a 
home near No- 
known citizens 

£■ has lieie made 


his home for many years. He was born February 16, 
1S2;). and is a son of Daniel and JNIargaret (Wire) 
Applegate. His father was born and reared on a 
faun in New .Jersey, and remained at home until 
thirty years of age, when he went to Ohio. In 
1825, he came to Indiana, locating in Indianapolis, 
where he followed fanning. The following year 
he arrived in Hamilton County, where he sjient 
his remaining days. He was accidentally killed at 
I lie age of forty years. His wife was born near 
I'rbana, Ohio, and is now living in Noblesville, at 
the home of lier daughter. Six children were born 
unto Mr. and Mrs. Applegate, and all are yet liv- 

ing. The grandfather, John Applegate, was also 
a native of New .lersey, and was killed near No- 
blesville by a log falling upon him when eighty- 
three years of age. He served in the Kexclulion- 
aryWar, and was also in the War of LSI 2. His 
family numbered seven children, of wiioin two arc 
yet living. 

educMtioii, and upon the home farm spent lhc(l:i\> 
of his boyhood and yoiilh. lie was married on 
tlie Dth of October, 1853, to Miss Mary M., daugh- 
ter of George .and Catiierine Ingerinann, who were 
natives of (iermany, and crossed the Atlantic to 
America when their daughter was about five 
months old. They settled in Pennsylvania, and 
in 1841) came to this county. Four years pre- 
vious they had taken up their residence in Wayne 
County. Here tlie father passed away at the age 
of seventy-two, and the mother de|iarled this life 
at the age of eighty-two. In. their family were 
ten children, six of whom are yet living. 

I'nto Mr. and Mrs. Applegate has been born 
a family of children. George D., who was born 
Feliruary 14, 1854, wedded Mary Rockcy, and has 
live children; Margaret, who was born May 19, 
1862, is the wife of Henry .Sapper, a farmer, by 
whom she has three children; Charles F., wiio 
born February 11, 1865. was educated in the finest 
medical colleges of the land, and is now a physi- 
cian of Indianapolis; David S., who was born .ian- 
uary 25, 1867, is at home; Mary M., who was born 
June 29, 1869, is the wife of Charles Mitchell, a 
millwright, by whom >he has a sou mid daughter; 
and Harry R., was born S(.|)teuiber 10. 1873. Val- 
entine, William II.. Andr.'w J. and Theodore R. 
are deceased. 

After his marriage, Mr. Apph^gate located upon 
the farm where he now lives. Only a small tract 
had been cleared, and for eight years he lived in a 
rude log cabin. He then built a hewed log house, 
which continued to be his home until 1875, when 
he erected a commodious and substantial residence 
at a cost of ><5.(»<l(l. It is one of the line homes of 
the coniniiinit,y. The liarn was built at a cost of 
!|!3,500, and other improvements have been made 
in keeping with these just mentioned. In fatt, the 
j farm is one of the best improved in tlie county. 



Mr. Applegate's possessions stand as a monument 
to bis enterprise and industry, for he started out 
in life erapty-lianded, and lias acquired all that he 
has by his untiring labors. He and his wife at- 
tend the Lutheran Church. He cast his first Pres- 
idential vote for .James K. Polk, and was a mem- 
ber of the Glee Club during the Clay campaign. 
He now votes with the Democratic party. 

J I E. KIRKPATRICK, the popular and etti- 
cient freight and ticket agent located at 
El wood, has long been prominently associ- 
' ated with the public and business interests 
of his present locality, and commands the esteem 
and confidence of a wide acquaintance. He is a 
native of Preble County, Ohio, and was born 
June 2, 1863, the eldest of the three children of 
William H. and Frances J. (Shamblin) Kirkpatnck. 
The brother, Charles P., resides in New Paris, 
Ohio, and is a successful telegraph operator. The 
sister, Carrie L., also makes her home in New 
Paris. The father, a native Virginian, and born 
August 14, 182a, settled in Ohio when a young 
man. locating in Cincinnati, where he received 
ready employment as a carpenter. He made Cin- 
cinuali his headquarters for several years, and 
later removed to Campbellstown, Ohio. In this 
latter city he was married, in 1861, to the mother 
of our subject. At the expiration of two years 
spent in Campbellstown the father removed to 
New Paris, Ohio, which he made his permanent 
home until his death, on October 19, 1890. He 
died at the age of sixty-one, and the mother, Mrs. 
Frances Kirkpatrick, is the descendant of a line of 
honored ancestry, the Sliamblins being an old and 
highly respected Ohio family. 

Our subject remained a resident of New Paris 
until about seventeen years old, when he engaged 
in the railroad business upon his own account, and, 
learning telegraphy, became an operator, taking 
charge for one year as acting agent of the El Do- 
rado Ohio station. Later he received work as an 
operator at Richmond, Jnd., but was located there 

only a brief time when he went to Newcastle and 
accepted a position as operator and clerk, and, re- 
maining there for about two years, wa"te then pro- 
moted and became the station agent at Galveston, 
Ind. For two years Mr. Kirkpatrick discharged 
the lesponsible duties of station ageftt, and upon 
September 30, 1886, received a second promotion, 
and entered upon his present work as freight and 
ticket .agent at Elwood. The Elwood station is 
considered one of the most important of the 
Pennsylvania line's stations, the volume of freight 
being at times enormous. The continued energy 
and affability of our subject has undoubtedly con- 
tributed to the well earned success and popularity 
which be enjoys among the general public and a 
host of sincere friends. July 1, 1892, J. E. Kirk- 
patrick and W. A. Finch formed a partnership in 
the drug business, which, under the firm name of 
W. A. Finch & Co., continued for one year. 

August 1,1893, our subject purchased the inter- 
est of Mr. Finch, and since then has been profit- 
ably conducting the business in his own name. 
Mr. Kirkpatrick, in his handsome and commodious 
store, carries a complete line of drugs and a fine 
assortment of the sundries usually found in a 
drug house. The drug store, located in the Opera 
House Block, corner of South and Anderson 
Streets, is in all its fine appointments a credit to 
the city, and is one of the largest and most at- 
tractive drug stores in Elwood or its vicinity. 

Our subject is fraternally a member of Quincy 
Lodge No. 200, L O. O. F., Elwood, being Past 
Grand and Past Chief Patriarch of the order. 
Mr. Kirkpatrick is also connected with the Knights 
of Pythias, and is a charter member of Elwood 
Lodge No. 166. He is a charter member of tlie 
Independent Order of Red Men, Elwood Lodge 
No. 113, and was first presiding offlcer, Sachem. 
He is a valued member of Lodge No. 230, A. F. & 
A. M., of Elwood; and is piominent in these 
various orders. Politically a Democrat, and inter- 
ested in the successes of the party, he is in no 
sense of the word a politician, bis time being 
fully occupied with the cares of his business, now 
rapidly increasing in volume. One of the leading 
j^oung men of the city, ambitious and enterpris- 
ing, our subject is rapidly winning his upward 



way to a comfortable competence and a position j 
of extended influence. In bis various fields of , 
wdik, and as a fiii-nd and citizen, he enjoys the 
liej.1 wishes of a wide acquaintanceship, wiio pre- 
dict for him a pros[)crous future and ;iu envialilc 

.p^ E. YOUNG, President of the National 
^^^ Bank of Alexandria, and a man of sound 
'RI/jI judgment and rare financial ability, is one 
of the largest capitalists of the city, to 
the [)romotion of whose interests he has long un- 
tiringly devoted liimself. A self-made man, self- 
relianlly winning his upward way to an enviable 
position of influence and wcaitli.our subject com- 
mands uiiivcrsil ies|,cct.'ind cm fidcucc. A native 
of UuiUt County. Ohio. Mr. Young was b(un near 
Hamilton April 4, I8;5.S. His father, Samuel 
Young, boin in Pennsylvania in 1792, was one of 
six brothers, and had two sisters. The paternal 
grandfather, with l\is family of eight children, 
emigrated from Pennsylvania to Ohio about 
1^<08, andasa pioneer settler, made his home in 
llutlcr County, near the i)resenL site of Cincinnati. 
A farmer by occupation, and a man of upright 
cliarai-tt-r and industrious habits, in- l)rospercd, 
and, lieroically sliaring all the privations and 
rifices of frontier life, he cleared, cultivated and 
improved a homestead. He and his good wife, 
while fording the Big Miami River at Trenton on 
horseback, were drowned, their untimely death 
being universally mourned. The family reacli- 
ing adult age scattered, and the old [noneers have 
been extensively and worthily represented by 
numerous enterprising descendants in the broad 

An uncle of our subject, James "^'oung, the 
eldest of the grandfather's children, was a farmer 
by occupation in early life, but later built and 
operated a flouring-mill in CoUinsville, Ohio. In 
those days there was but very little money in cir- 
culation in that part of the country, and every- 
tliiug was paid for in trade. Tlie flour was 
shipped down the river on rafts to New Orleans. 
The father, Samuel Y'oung, worked in this mill for 

his elder brother at $8 per month, and at one 
time accompanied his brother down the river on a 
raft, going to New Orleans, and as tlu'y could not 
sail up the river they had to walk the entire dis- 
tance b.ack. vSamuel Young afterward entered land 
from tiie Government at §1.25 per acre, and resided 
continuously on this land for three-score years. 
He made a fortune and gave to each of his chil- 
dren as they arrived at their majority $2,000. 
Samuel Young w^as twice married, and unto his 
first union were born two children, Josiah and 
Hannah. The latter married James Irwin, a success- 
ful farmer now residing in Billingsvillc. Iiid. The 
second wife, Ruliamah McCane, the mother of our 
subject, was born in Warren County, Ohio, and 
was a descendant of one of the most in-ominent 
families of the Buckeye State. The McCanes con- 
tinue to hold every year a rc-union of the numer- 
ous branches of the old family on the Wabash 
River. One of the sisters married a l\Ir. Ramsey, 
the i)roprietor of a large tannery in Crawfords- 
ville, who,, at his death left an estate worth '^JiOO,- 

Unto the mother, who passed away in 1852, 
were born ten children. James, a wealthy agi-i- 
culturist of Preble County, Ohio, has given to 
each of his eight children eighty acres of land, 
and yet owns a valuable farm of three hundred 
acres. Sarah, the wife of Phillip Davis, a wealtliv 
fanner of Wabash, Ind., has seven oi- eight chil- 
dren; Maria, unmarried and living in Hamilton, 
Ohio, is worth $50,000 or S60,000, our subject 
looking after her business interests. Malinda 
married I'.urns Wilson, an enterprising farmer near 
Seven Mile, in Butler County, Ohio. Mr. Wilson 
died some six or seven years .ago, and Mrs. Wilson 
yet resides there. She is the mother of four sons 
and four daughters. Julia married John Ilinsey, 
who died leaving no children, and his widow- 
wedded David Young, who some years later 
died and left to his wife and three children an 
ample fortune. Mrs. Julia (Young) Y'oung re- 
! sides near CoUinsville, Ohio. Ruhamah was a 
I teacher, and died in early womanhood. Dorcas 
was educated at Oxford and married Jose|)h Carle, 
a miller and grain dealer, once a partner of our 
i subject in Anderson, but at tlie time of his death, 



the summer of 1893, was living at Hamilton, 
where his widow and one child now live. Our 
subject attained to manhood upon his father's 
farm, and received the primitive education af- 
forded by the district school of the home neigh- 
borhood. Soon after the breaiving out of the 
Civil War, Mr. Young entered the service of -the 
(Tovernment, enlisting in the One Hundred and 
.Sixty-seventh Ohio Infantry, and a portion of the 
time acted .as a scout. In 1867 he located per- 
manently in Indiana, and engaged in the grain 
and agricultural business in Anderson, where he 
remained until January 4, 1873, when he bought 
the douring mill in Alexandria, and in 1877 built 
his elevator. In 1892, our subject sold the mill 
and elevator. Mr. Young made a most profitable 
investment in 1882, when he purchased three 
hundred and twenty acres of land near Alexandria, 
for which he paid |14,.500, and sold it wtthin the 
past year for $47,000. 

In 1890, our subject, with four other parties, 
organized the Anderson Banking Company at 
Anderson, with a paid-up capital of 1100,000, each 
putting into the financial venture $20,000 in cash. 
Mr. I'oung still retains his interest in the Ander- 
son Bank, and was a stockholder in the old Alex- 
andria Bank. When it was reorganized, in 1893, 
as the Alexandria National Bank, he was made its 
President. Our subject was one of the four men 
who built the fine opera house in Alexandria, at 
a cost of |i25,000, and was one of ten who bought 
fifty-five acres of land adjoining Alexandria and 
assisted in locating the first glass factory here. 
Mr. Y''oung was likewise interested in the first 
brick factory, and has helped to organize two 
building and loan associations, and is President 
of one and Treasurer of the other. He aided 
in building the gravel roads leading out of 
Alexandria, and has, in fact, been connected with 
nearly every enterprise of importance that has 
forwarded the vital interests of the city, now in- 
creased from a population of six hundred people 
to six thousand. Successful in all his business 
undertakings, and through clear judgment and 
executive ability financially prospered until he is 
now numbered among the wealthiest men of Madi- 
son County, Mr. Young has also generously aided 

in good works. His family has been prominently 
connected with the Presbyterian Church, and his 
father, a strict church member, was a liberal giver 
in the support and extension of religious in 

Politically a Republican and deeply interested 
in local and national issues, Mr. Young, absorbed 
in business interests, has refused to accept prof- 
fered nominations to public ofHce outside of local 
positions in which he might be of special benefit 
to his fellow-townsmen. June 3, 1873, S. E. 
Y'oung and Miss Elizabeth Van Winkle were united 
in marriage. Mrs. Y^oung was a daughter of James 
Van Winkle, a well known pioneer of Madison 
County, and a sister of John (.Juincy Van Winkle, 
the General Superintendent of the Big Four Rail- 
road, with headquarters at Indianapolis. Our 
subject and his estimable wife have but two chil- 
dren: Earl Edgar, a promising j'oung lad thirteen 
years of age, and Quincy Van Winkle, aged three. 
These sons, the hope and pride of the beautiful 
home, will enjoy every opportunity to worthily 
fit themselves for the battle of life upon whose 
field their father has triumphantly won .assured 
success and gained for himself an enviable position 
of social and business influence. 


ll /^ any community is 1 
J^— ^ which come the st 

lie agricultural part of 
the bone and sinew from 
strength and vigor neces- 
sary' to carry on the affairs of manufactures, com- 
merce and the state. AVhen the farming people 
are composed of men and women of courage, en- 
terprise, intelligence and integrity, prosperity will 
attend all departments of activity. This is pre- 
eminently the case in Madison County, Ind. 
and among those who hold high r.ank as a tiller of 
the soil is Mr. Conner, who is one of the pioneers 
of Madison Count}'. This representative citizen 
came originally from the Buckeye State, born in 
Meigs Coimty, February 29, 1832, and his parents. 
John and Ada (Ogden) Conner, were nativits also 
of Ohio. Grandfather Ogden served in one of 
the Indian wars of his time. 

In the fall of 1832 John Conner emigrated to 



Madison County, and entered two hundred acres 
in Richland Townsiiip. Tiiis tract of land was 
covered witU a dense growth of timber but he 
cleared a small portion and erected a log cabin. 
As there wei'c no \v;iL,''i>n loudsat tiiat early period 
lie had to cut a ni;i(l Ihrough the woods. He 
was among the earliest settlers, and with the ambi- 
tion, courage and sturdy manhood which have al- 
ways been distinguishing characteristics of Ameri- 
can pioneers, he began clearing and improving his 
tract of Iriiid. lliswife ums a most ca|)able help- 
mate and gradually they gathered around them 
man}' of the comforts and conveniences of life. 
Of the children born to their union only three 
survive: Annis, widow of Levi Keirlier; Kliza, 
widow of Ilirani Sn-.iin, and Levi, inn- subject. 
For many years the father served as .lustice of the 
Peace, and was a man noted for his industry and 
uprightness. lie and his worthy companion 
passed away in 18.58. 

Levi Conner was reared on his father's farm in 
Madison Count}', Jnd., amid rude surroundings, 
and his early educational advantages were received 
in the subscription schools taught in the primitive 
log schoolhousc of those days. The chimney of 
this structure was made of mud and slicks, the 
floor of puncheons, greased paper served for the 
window lights, a slab board for a seat, and a slab 
board resting on sticks driven into the wall served 
a> a desk. His schooling did not amount to much 
and being a great reader and a careful observer, 
he is principally a self-educated man. lie has 
seen the countr}' grow from a wilderness to its 
present prosperous condition and contributed 
his share tovvarils its advancement. He was in- 
itialed into lln' duties of farm life at an early age, 
and like a true son of his father l)ecame a tiller of 
the soil when thrown upon his own resources. 

Our subject's first marriage was with Miss Lydia 
A. Keicher, and after her death he married Miss 
Marietta Tuttle who bore him five children, three 
living: .lohn; Catherine, wife of Charles Hurley; 
and Rosa Bell; and the two deceased were Levi 
Thomas and William Allen. Mr. Conner is the 
owner of over nine hundred acres of good land, 
the ni<ist of winch has been the result of his own 
industry and good management. He raises a good 

grade of horses and makes a specialty of Poland- 
China hogs. He has held a number of local posi- 
tions and for some time served as Commissioner of 
Madison County. In politics he is a Democrat and 
fraternally a Mason. He is one of the county's 
representative men. 

(|(^. have lived more quietly and unostenta- 
^^^ tiousl}' than Christian Ben/.enbower, and yet 
few have exerted a more salutary influence ui)on 
the immediate society in wliicli llicy move, or im- 
pressed a community with a more profound reliance 
on their honor, ability and sterling worth. His 
life has not been illustrious with startling or strik- 
ing contrasts; but it has shown how a laudable am- 
bition may be gratified when accompanied by pure 
motives, perseverance, industry and steadfastness 
of purpose. This prominent German-American 
citizen was born in Bavaria, (4erman3-, April 1.5, 
18.38, and now has a good farm on section 34, 
I'nion Township. His parents. Christian J. and 
Jlary Benzenbower, were natives of the Old 
Country, and the father, who is over eighty years 
of age, is now residing in Anderson Township, 
Madison County. 

The original of this notice was reared in his 
native country until twenty-one years of age, and 
from the time he reached that period when his 
physical strength was sufficient to enable him to 
wield the implements of husbandry and guide the 
plow, he began contributing to his own support. 
He secured a fair education in his native tongue 
and since his residence in .Vmerica has picked up 
a fair knowledge of the English language. He 
crossed the ocean in 186(1, taking passage at Bre- 
merhaven, and was aliout lifty d.ays in making 
the voyage. He landed in Ualtimore and came 
direct to Madison County. Ind., where for the 
first two years he worked on a farm. The first 
year he received $140 for his services, and the next 
year §1.50 with board and washing. He farmed 
on rented land for a few years and then settled on 
his present farm. He first had forty acres, but from 



time to time he added to tliis until he is now the 
owner of one hundred and forty-nine acres. He 
is a self-made man, and has reached his present 
prosperous condition solely by his own industry 
and good management. 

By his marriage, which occurred February 7, 
1866, to Miss Mary Doctor, he became the father 
of six children, three of whom are living; John, 
Leonard and George. The deceased are Margaret, 
Calvin and Fred. Mr. Benzenbower is a worthy 
church member and contributes liberally of liis 
means to its support. He has held a number of 
township offices and is in favor of all enterprises 
of!a laudable nature. Injjolitics he is a Democrat, 
but in county affau-s he votes for the man instead 
of the party. He is well and favorably known 
for his honestj' and integrity, and is one of the 
representative German-American citizens of his 
township. He enjoys the respect and esteem of 
his neighbors, his integrity has never been ques- 
tioned and his word is considered as good as his 

^ A IT I'EliliY, born in Stokes County, 
N. v., November 23, 1813, has devoted 
''^}!/ the adult years of his life mainly to his 
trade of a gunsmith, but, also an agriculturist, for 
full two score of years has been numbered among 
the prominent citizens and representative farmers 
of Washington Township, Hamilton County. The 
Perry family is widely known and highly es- 
teemed in the old Tar State, where the paternal 
grandfather and the father of our subject were 
likewise born. Grandfather Perry was a large 
slaveholder and prosperously conducted an ex- 
tensive plantation. He also owned a peach orch- 
ard and annually manufactured immense quanti- 
ties of peach brandy. Without education, being 
in fact unable to read or write, he was one of the 
most financially successful men of his day and lo- 

The father, Jonathan Perry, spent his entire life 
in his native state and devoted his attention to 
the cultivation of the soil, owning a valuable 
farm of one hundred acres, upon which he toiled 
industriously up to the time of his early demise. 

He died when our subject was only two weeks old, 
and two years after his widow, Nancy (Wicker) 
Perry, born in North Carolina, married Greenbury 
Shaw, likewise a native of North Carolina. When 
Wji^att was about seventeen years of age, the 
mother and step-father moved to Clinton County, 
Ohio, our subject accompanj'ing them thitlier. Mr. 
Shaw survived his change of residence about ten 
years and passed away at the age of forty-five. 
He was an industrious man, a gunsmith by trade, 
and had trained his step-son up to a thorough 
knowledge of the business. 

Mr. Perry then removed with his motlier and 
nine step-brothers and sisters to Greene County, 
Ohio, and settled in the country, working hard at 
his trade to support the large family. In the year 
1850, he came to Washington Township and pur- 
chased seventy acres of the fine farm he now owns. 
.Several years after Mr. Perry returned to Ohio 
and brought his mother here, where she spent the 
peaceful evening of her days. She was a devoted 
mother and sincere Christian woman, whose life 
had been one of toil. From her early j'outh a val- 
ued member of the Methodist Episcoi)al Church, 
she was ever a ready aid in good work. At 
eighty-four years of age she "fell asleep in Jesus," 
beloved by all who knew her. Together with her 
son Wyatt she had shared many hardships, and 
each was doubly endeared to the other by memo- 
ries of the past. 

Wyatt Perry was first wedded in (ireene County, 
Ohio, May 27, 1840, being united in marriage witli 
Miss Nancj- Lee, daughter of John and Elizabeth 
Lee, of Ohio. Unto this union were born eleven 
children, all of whom save five have passed away. 
The living are Mariza, married to Jacob Burns; 
she resides on the farm of our subject and is the 
mother of seven children, four of whom survive. 
John Martin married Anna Rodgers, and of his 
five children four are living; he resides near 
the old homestead. Marcia Emily, the wife of 
Silas Cook, has four children and lives near West- 
field. Wyatt M. is a Quaker minister and resides 
with his wife, Ella (Moore) Wyatt, and his four 
children in Danville, Ind. Nanc^' Ella, wife of 
Clarkson Coffen, has three children and makes her 
home close to the old homestead. 



Mrs. Nancy (Lee) Pfirv bad enjoyed in }'outli 
only limited advantages, but, a woman of bright in- 
telligence and a devoted member of the Methodist 
K|Mscopal Church, was highly esteemed. She died 
October 27, 1862, and passing awa3' at lliirty- 
seven years of age, was deeply mourned. Oursuli- 
ject again marrying was then wedded to Cath- 
erine Bray, September 10, 1863. Mrs. Perry was 
t\n: daughter of Ilcnry and Hannah Bray, and, 
like the first wife, liad but little opportunity to 
gain an education. She is. however, a woman 
of ability and worth and also a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, and tbrmighmit lier 
life has been a Christian worker. Of the four 
children who blessed the union of Mr. and Mrs. 
Pen v, only one now survives, a daughter, Al- 
uieda, single. 

Our subject, although be immediately settled on 
a farm as soon as he arrived in Indiana, has given 
his personal attention almost exclusively to his 
trade of gunsmith, hiring help to do the clearing 
and cultivating of the one hundred and one fer- 
tile acres, now well improved with excellent and 
commodious buildings. Mr. Perrj-, nearly four- 
score 3'cars of age, and a life-time member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, is an eloquent ex- 
liorter. He hassupplemented his youthful educa- 
tion with a store of knowledge gained by reading, 
and while a close student of the Bible also pays 
great attention to the current affairs of the daj', 
and with the newspapers keeps himself intelli- 
gently posted. He is politically a Republican and 
from its formation an ardent advocate of the 
party. The useful inlluenee of his unselfish and 
Christian life has been widely felt and apjueciated 
b\- a host of friends. 

jlj Jfj expected, ment: 
\\:^ work of many 

,OAH RICH WINE. As might naturally be 
ition is made in the present 
citizens of Madison Coun- 
ty now prominent in their different callings, but 
none more so than the successful agriculturist, 
Noah Richwine, who, although comparatively 
young in years, is old in experience, and pos- 
sesses more good sound judgment on matters per- 

taining to the farm tlian many men nim-b older. 
Not onl^' is he interested in tilling tfie soil, but bi^ 
has engaged in other occupations, all of wlnrh 
nourished in his hands. Mr. Richwine owes liis 
nativity to Wayne County, Ind., born .January 11, 
1841, and is a son of Gideon and Elizabeth (Hay- 
der) Richwine (see sketch of Gideon Richwine). 
Until nearly twenty-one years of age, our sub- 
ject remained under the parental roof, and se- 
emed a good practical education in the common 
schools. He then began farming on his own ac- 
count, and this he continued until 1876, when he 
bought a stock of drugs at Frankton, and in part- 
nership with his brother Allen, continued this very 
successfully for about three years. After this, he 
sold his interest in the drug trade, and again 
turned his attention to agricultural pursuits. In 
conducting and managing his large farm, Jlr. 
Richwine does not lose sight of the stock-raising 
industry, and is engaged in buying and selling 
much of the time. Besides a fine farm of two 
hundred and twenty acres, he owns considerable 
town property in Frankton, and is a wide-awake, 
thoioughgoing, in whatever he undertakes. 
The same systematic condition of affairs about his 
home is apparent in his course as a man. Thor- 
ough in all that he does, he allows no worthy 
movepient to drag for want of support, if in his 
power to help it. 

Mr. Richwine selected his wife in the person of 
Miss Elizabeth Shell, daughter of Isaac Shell, and 
grand-daughter of John Shell, who was one of the 
pioneers of the Iloosier State. Mr. and Mrs. Rich- 
wine's nuptials were celebrated November 2, 1861, 
and two children were born to this union: Mar- 
sailles Allen, residing in Jackson Township, and 
Maurice Elmer, also a resident of Jackson Town- 
ship, this county. The mother of these children 
died, and on the 23d of November, 1869, Mr. 
Richwine married Miss Sarah Etchcson, daughter 
of Douglas and Mary (Poland) F^tcheson, pioneers 
of this country. Three children were the fruits of 
this union, two of whom are now living, viz.: 
Luella Frances, now Mrs. Charles M. McCord, re- 
siding in Lafayette Township, and Cora May, at 
I home. Charles M. is deceased. 

For several years ^[r. Richwine has been the 


owner of a steam thresher, and with this he does 
a thriving business in the neighborhood. He is a 
great lover of hunting, and spends a certain por- 
tion of each season in some wild section of the 
country hunting large game. At his home a rare 
and beautiful specimen of a deer's head adorns the 
wall, one of the trophies of a hunt he engaged in 
the south. The head is perfectly)' preserved, and 
the life-like appearance sliows well the skill of the 
taxidermist. A large fur rug in his house origi- 
nally covered a black bear which he killed on the 
peninsula of northern Michigan. This animal 
weighed eight hundred pounds, and measured 
nearly eigiit feet in length. Socially, Mr. Rich- 
wine is a member of the Masonic order, and he and 
his family are members of the Methodist Protes- 
tant Church. He votes the Democratic ticket, and 
held the office of Township Trustee one term. He 
is a successful farmer and business man, and an 
influential and enterprising citizen. 

J] L. RINGO, M. D., the talented medical 
j practitioner and able surgeon, known as one 
of the brilliant young professional men of 
' P^lwood, lud., is a native of the state, and 
was born in Fall Creek Township, Henr}' County, 
November 22, 1866. He located in El wood in 1891 
and entering upon the duties of a physician has 
for two years enjoyed an excellent practice and, 
thoroughly devoted to his profession, has before 
him a future bright with promise. Our subject the oldest of six children, live sons and one 
daughter, who blessed the home of John W. and 
P^sta (Crittenberger) Ringo. The father was a 
native of Wayne County, in which part of the 
state the paternal grandparents made their home 
in the pioneer days when Indiana was a compara- 
tive wilderness, over which roamed freelythe In- 
dians and wild game of a large variety. The 
father removed to Henry County when nineteen 
years of age and settled on a farm which he brought 
up to a high state of cultivation, and was numbered 
among the substantial and leading general agri- 

culturists of his locality. Now retired from active 
farming duties he is quietly spending the latter 
years of his life in Middletown. Possessing an ex- 
cellent niemoiy and being a man of observation, 
his reminiscences of pioneer days are full of inter- 
est, and vividly portray the wonderful changes of 
the last half-century. 

The mother of our subject is a native of Vir- 
ginia, and a daughter of Isaac Crittenberger, like- 
wise born in the Old Dominion, but who in middle 
life emigrated to Indiana and engaged in the till- 
ing of the soil. An experienced farmer, he suc- 
cessfully improved a valuable homestead which 
annually yielded an abundant harvest, but is now 
spending the evening of his days in Middletown. 
The Crittenbergers are remotely descended from a 
long line of sturdy German ancestry and possess 
the patient industry and thrift bequeathed as a 
precious legacy by their forefathers. Dr. Ringo 
received his preparatory education in Henry 
Count3' and remained in Fall Creek Township 
until seventeen years of age. At this period he 
went to Lebanon, Ohio, and there enjoyed the 
benefit of instruction in the National Normal 
University, where he continued to study for two 
years. Upon the completion of his course in this 
excellent institution our subject engaged in teach- 
ing, and for the following five years was account- 
ed one of the most successful instructors of Madi- 
son County, Ind. Dr. Ringo had some time be- 
fore decided to enter the ranks of the medical pro- 
fession, but it was not until he had long been a 
teacher that he finally began the study of medicine 
in Elwood. 

Our subject later attended lectures at the 
Physio-Medical College of Indiana, located at 
Indianapolis, and afterward entered the Medical 
College of Louisville, Ky., from which he gradu- 
ated with honor, receiving his degree. Establish- 
ing himself in an office at Elwood, Dr. Ringo has 
already won an enviable reputation as a family 
physician and surgeon. In the first j'ear of his 
residence in Elwood our subject was appointed 
Secretary of the City Board of Health, in which 
capacity, serving one year, he gained many new 
friends and well-wishers. He is politically an 
ardent advocate of the Democratic party, and is 

^'^-'^ALy{^eA,n^y-\^ yC^xyi^, 



fraternally a member of El wood Lodge No. 166, 
K. of P. On the 1st of Ajiril, 1888. woie united 
in marri.ige J. S. niiijro and Miss Addir M-aU-au. -a 
native of Rush Counlv, and one of tlie four t'hil- 
drcn of James Malian, a citizen well and favoiably 
known in Rush County. The home of our subject 
and his accomplished wife has been brightened by 
the birth of two little daughters, Maud and Nell. 
Dr. and Mrs. Ringo occupy a high social position, 
and enjoy the confidence of a host of friends, 
tlieir attractive home being the abode of hospi- 



calling of farming a la 

■suit of the 
mber of the 
progressive citizens of lianiilton County 
have accumulated wealth; others, while not gain- 
ing fortunes, have become vvell-to-do, and amonii: 
this latter class we mention the name of William 
Kinzer, the owner and occupant of a farm in Del- 
aware Township. Tlic nwst of Ins |)roperty he 
has 'aecnmulated through his unaided exertions, 
although at the death of his father he I'eceived 
eight}' acres of the estate and thirty-four acres of 
the home farm. At tiie present time (1893) his 
landed possessions aggregate three hundred and 
sixty-nine acres, which he has embellished with 
first-class improvements and buildings of a suli- 
stantial character. 

Concerning the liislor\ of the Kinzer family 
little is definitely known. It is supposed that the 
grandfather of our subject, .lolm Kinzer. was born 
in Pennsylvania, lie there reared to man- 
hood and there married Mary DeerdofT, after 
which he removed to Ohio and located in High- 
land County, and followed the calling of a farm- 
er. He and his wife reared seven children, as 
follows: Jacob, David, Daniel; John, father of 
our subject; ]Margaret, wife of David Ockerman; 
.Sarah, wife of John Bailey: and Catherine, wife 
of Daniel Davis. Thegrandparents were members 
of the Dunkard Chuich. 

John Kinzer, father of our subject, was born in 
1804, and was reared on a farm, remaining with 
his parents until he was twenty-one. In 1828 he 

I came to Indiana, locatinLC in Hamilton County. 
where he commenced without money or fiicnds. 
lie entered a small tiart of land from the Covern- 

for the property. Alwut 18;i() he married K'uth, 
daughter of William and Mary (A[olIitt) Wdkin- 
son, and a native of Randolph County, N. C. Her 
parents were natives of Ireland and KuiiL-ind. ri - 
spectively, and came t,o tlie I'nited States whcMi 
' chil'dren, paying for their pas.sage on the ship by 
work after they reached this country. 

After his marriage. John Kinzer eleaied and im- 
proved the farm up<in which our subject now re- 
sides, to which lie added fiom time to time until 
his landed possessions aggregated hundreds of 
acres. He and his wife reared a family of seven 
children, as follows: William, of this ski'tch; Mary, 
who married Sylvanus Carey; David, .laeob, Levi; 
Sarah, the wife of Louis Metsker; and Ira .1.. who 
<lied in 1892. Politically, the father of this fam- 
il\ was an advocate of the principles of the Whig 
party. His death occurred in 18.J0, and his wife 
passed away ten years later. 

Upon the home farm in Delaware Township, 
Hamilton County, the subject of this sketch was 
born in 18;52. Early trained to familiarity with, 
and thorough knowledge of, agricultural pursuits, 
he assumed the management of the home farm at 
the age of eighteen. In 186.3 he was united in 
marriage with Miss ]\Iaria, daughter of Ira and 
Martha (Phelps) Mendenhall. This lady died in 
186.5, leaving one son, Edwin Irving, who was ac- 
cidentally shot at the age of twent3'-one. The 
second marriage of ]\Ir. Kinzer united him with 
Nancy J. Moon, a native of North Carolina and a. 
daughter of John and Rebecca Moon. Four eliil- 
dreii have been born of this union: Albert. John, 
Henry, and Jennie, who died at the age of nine 
years. The oldest son is a graduate of theCarmel 
High School, and John and Henry are students in 
the .schools of this place. Politically a Repub- 
lican. TMr. Kinzer served as Cleik of the township 
under the old law, and lias lilled other positions 
of trust and responsibility, and has been Stali.sli- 
cal Reporter to the Depailment of Agriculture 
from Hamilton County for the p.ast twenty-five 
years. The Kinzer family have a splendid temper- 



ance record, as none of the descendants of John 
Kinzer, the father of William, have so far ever be- 
come addicted to the habit of using spirituous 
liquors or tobacco in any form. 

m^ — — 

^^\ OLOMON JSAXUGEL. This represeuta- 
^^^ tive farmer and stock-raiser of Madison 
"|tl/jV County owns and occupies a well improved 
^" estate lying on section 9, Union Town- 

ship. He has passed his entire life in this county, 
having been born here on the 15th of October, 
1843. His parents, Jacob and Margaret E. (Go- 
heen) Isanogel, were natives of Ohio and Virginia 
respectively, and the paternal ancestors originated 
in Germany. Grandfather Solomon Isanogel was 
a soldier in the War of 1812, where he rendered 
efficient service in the cause of the United States. 

When a young man, Jacob Isanogel accompanied 
his parents in their removal from Ohio to Indi- 
ana, settling in Delaware County, and later remov- 
ing with them to Union Township, Madison 
County. The family settled in the woods, locating 
in the northern part of Union Township, at an 
early period in the history of the county, when 
settlers were few and improvements even more 
rare. Jacob resided for manj' years in a log 
cabin, and perseveringly tilled the soil of his farm. 
He became well-to-do, and was ranked among the 
foremost farmers of the township, who mourned 
his death, in 1873, as a public loss. In politics he 
affiliated with the Democrats, but was not an ac- 
tive partisan, nor solicitous for official honors. He 
is survived by his widow, who now (1893), at the 
age of almost seventy years, is numbered among 
the venerable pioneer women of Chesterfield. 

In the parental family there are four surviving 
cliildren, viz.: Solomon, of this sketch; Samuel E., 
Belle and Walter. The eldest of the number was 
reared to nianliocjd in ISIadison County, where he 
was a witness of mutli of the pioneer work neces- 
sary to the improvenu'iil of the county. He has 
attended log-rolling and cabin-raising, and also 
aided in clearing the land. His education was re- 
ceived in tlie old-fashioned subscription schools. 

one of which was conducted by his father. He 
also for a time was a pupil in the public schools 
but has gained his broad information on historical 
and current topics mainly through self culture. 

The marriage of Mr. Isanogel occurred in April, 
1873, at which time he was united with Miss Mary, 
daughter of the late William Scott, and a resident 
of Union Township, Madison County. The fol- 
lowing-named children were born of this union: 
Thomas, Jessie (deceased), Maud, Maggie, Emma, 
Walter, Samuel, Carl and John. In 1859, when a 
mere boy, Mr. Isanogel went to Delaware County, 
Ind., where he worked in the Suman gristmill, 
north of Daleville, on the White River, remaining 
in that place for several years. In the best sense 
of the word, he maj' be termed self made, having 
received no assistance upon starting out for him- 
self. He is now the owner of one hundred and 
fifty acres in Union Township, the value of which 
has been materially increased tlirough his improve- 

In his political belief, Mr. Isanogel is not parti- 
san in his opinion, but having given considerable 
thought to the public issues of the age, advocates 
the principles of the Democratic partj , the ticket 
of which he uniformly votes, both in local and na- 
tional affairs. He is a man of intense public- 
spirit, progressive and enterprising, and as such 
receives the confidence of his fellow-citizens. 

^^EORGE J. GR0VP:S. One of Hamilton 
III County's most fertile farms is located in 

^^1 White River Township, and is owned and 
operated by the subject of this sketch. It consists 
of eighty acres, upon which have been placed a sub- 
stantial set of rural buildings and such additional 
improvements as constitute a model estate. Since 
he located here in 1864, Mr. Groves has devoted 
his time exclusively to agricultural pursuits, and 
has made of his chosen occupation a science, con- 
cerning which he is thoroughly informed. 

A brief mention of the ancesliy of our subject 
will add to its interest and value. In tracing his gen- 
ealogy, we find that he is of German descent. His 



paternal great-grandfather, Henry Groves (or Ilans 
Craft, as he was known in his native country), em- 
igrated from Germany to America. Tlie fatlier of 
our subject, Isaac Groves, was born in Virginia, 
August 9, J796, and was there united in marriage 
witli Miss Celia Peariioint, nlio was likt^wisc a na- 
tive of tiie Old Dominion, having been liorn tiiere 
m September, 1798. The^y became the parents of 
nine children, of wiiom five are now living, three 
sons and two daughters. The sons are all farm- 
ers, and one engages in the practice of medicine 
in connection with agricultural pursuits. 

Some years after his marriage Isaac Groves re- 
moved with his family to Kentucky, where his 
death occurred September 19, 18G7. His widow at 
present (1893) makes her home with a son, Will- 
iam, in Kentucky, and is more vigorous than 
might lie cxpicti'd in one of her age, ninetj'-flve 
years. The subject of this sketch was born in Jeff- 
erson County, Ky., October 4, 18.'! 1. lie spent his 
boyhood principally in farm work, although he 
attended the common schools whenever an oppor- 
tunity was afforded. On the 24th of March, 1857, 
he married Miss Eliza A. Roby, who was born in 
Nelson County, Ky., February 4, 1838. 

The grandfather of Mrs. Groves, Jacob Roby, 
for many years engaged in teaching school, and 
also followed the occupation of a farmer. He and 
his wife, Jemima, died in the Blue Grass State. The 
father of Mrs. Groves, Josiah Roby, born in 
Maryland, and in his boyhood accompanied his 
parents to Kentucky, where he grew to a sturdy 
manhood. Throughout his entire life he engaged 
in farming, and met with fair success in his chosen 
vocation. His death occurred October 7, 1877, at 
a ripe old age, he having been born October 14, 
179 1. 

Eliza Pash. as the mother of Mrs. (iroves was 
known in maidenliood, was born in Virginia April 
25, 1802, being one in a family of eight children, 
two of whom are now living. Her parents were 
John and Permelia (Stonestreet) Pash, natives of 
Virginia, who migrated to Kentucky and there re- 
.mained until death. Mrs. Eliza Roby passed from 
earth on the 30th of August, 1881, after having 
become the mother of ten children, six of whom 
survive at the present writing. Mrs. (iroves is a 

model farmer's wife, industrious and painstaking, 
and ably assists her husband in all his undertak- 
ings. She was the mother of four children, two 
of whom are deceased, and two living. One 
daughter, Celia, was married on tin- 1 llh ..f 
January, 1878, to John W. (irulib. She is the 
mother of three sons: George B., aged thirteen; 
Leon Earl, three years; and Glenn, .aged seven 
months. George Leon Groves, son of Mr. and Mrs. 
Groves, born November 22, 1874, is livingat home 
with his parents, attending school in winter and 
assisting his fatlier on the farm in summer. Mr. 
and Mrs. (Proves mihI llicir children belt)ng to the 
Methodist Church. 


IILIP S. WIIEELEH, senior parlnor of 
the successful tirni of P. .S. Wheeler & 
Brother, prosperously conducting an ex- 
I, \ tensive sawmiil, equipped with the latest 
machinery, is widely known as a manufacturer of 
wagon and plow stock, the product of the large 
mill finding ready and profitable sale throughout 
the states of Michigan, Illinois, Wisconsin, Ohio, 
and eastward to New York. Long recognized as 
a leading business man of Noblesville, our subject 
has from his childhood been intimately associated 
with the changing scenes and progressive interests 
of Hamilton Count3-, within whose borders he 
was born, January 7, 1829. His father, John 
Wheeler, a native of Nicholas County, Ky., was a 
man of ambitious enterprise, and in September, 
182G, journe^'ing to Indiana, made his [jermanent 
home in Hamilton County, then a comparative 

The paternal grandfather. William AMieeler, also 
born in Kentucky', shai»(l the privations and 
hardships of pioneer life in Indiana, and survived 
his residence in Hamilton County onlv a few 
years, passing away in I8;i(;. In 1881, at the age 
of seventy-eight vcims, the father entered into 
rest, respected by all who knew him. For fifty- 
five years a liberal spiritetl man, he had ablv 



aided in the develoi)ment of the vital interests of 
his locality, giving ready assistance in all matters 
of mutual welfare, and in his death Hamilton 
County lost a worthy pioneer and upright citizen. 
The mother, Mary (Stoops) Wheeler, was the 
daughter of Philip Stoops, a native of Pennsyl- 
vania, but an early settler of Kentucky. The 
Sloops and Wheeler families, old time friends and 
neiglibors, emigrated togetlier, in 1826, from 
Kentucky to Indiana, and in a great measure were 
associated in all the pioneer experiences bf their 
new liome. 

Our subject, the oldest of ten eliildren, early 
began the struggle of life by assisting his father in 
tlie daily toil of the old homestead. He enjoyed 
the benefit of instruction in the schools of the 
district, and, a manly and self-reliant 3'outh, at 
twenty ^ears of age entered into the pursuit of 
general agriculture upon his own accouut. He 
prt)sperously conducted a fine farm until 1865, 
and then began Ihe sawing of hard native lumber, 
renting out his farm. Gradually enlarging his 
saw-milling and manufacturing, Mr. Wheeler fin- 
ally, in 1873, sold to his brother, H. P. Wheeler, 
an interest in the profitable business, now one of 
the most extensive of its kind in the west. Our 
subject 3'et owns the ninety-acre farm, which he 
cleared of its forest growth and which is endeared 
to him by the associations of the past. 

Upon May 3, 1849, were united in marriage 
Philip S. Wheeler and Miss Rebecca Burcham, a 
native of Indian^, and daughter of James and 
JIary Burcham, pioneers of Wayne County. The 
estimable wife of our subject passed away in 1869, 
mourned by manj- friends. The two daughters 
who survived her are, Mary A., wife of B. F. 
Shumaker, of Wayne Township, Hamilton County, 
and Emma C, the wife of Jaines Haverstick, of 
Noblesville. Mr. Wheeler married a second time, 
upon February 22, 1871, then being united with 
Mrs. Caroline Bolton, a native of Union County, 
Ind., and born September 7, 1829. Her father 
was Mr. Jones Hanna, well known ill the pioneer 
days as an early settler of Hamilton County. He 
and his worthy wife, Mary (Petrie) Jones, were 
natives of Xorth Carolina, but Mrs. Jones was of 
German descent. They made their home in Indi- 

ana, while the country was yet unsettled, and 
abounding in wild game. 

The father of our subject, being in early life a 
Whig and later a stanch Republican, Mr. Wheeler, 
following in tlie paternal footsteps, was also, until 
1873, an ardent Republican, but since then has 
voted the Democratic ticket. He was at one time 
a candidate for the Legislature and was defeated 
by a small majority, about two hundred votes, al- 
though the Republican majority had previously 
been estimated at fully two thousand. The popu- 
larity of our subject was therefore evident, and 
was a source of pleasure to his many friends, who 
much regretted his defeat. Mr. Wheeler was fra- 
ternally associated with Noblesville Lodge No. 
157, A. F. & A. M., and is also a member of 
Noblesville Lodge No. 125, 1. 0. O. F. Our sub- 
ject and his wife reside in a beautiful home on 
Catherine Street, and both are long time members 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and active in 
the religious and benevolent work of the denomi- 

m i 

OSEPII W. KEATON, deceased, a man of 
ight character and sterliAg integrity, 
id for thirty years intimately associated 
*5^^' with the progressive interests of Madison 
County, Ind., entered into rest in Boone Town- 
ship in 1885, mourned by the entire communit}' as 
a public loss. Arriving within the limits of the 
county when a young man, energetic and am- 
bitious, he entered with ardor into the cultivation 
of the soil, and buying land from the Govern- 
ment, transformed the wild prairie into a thriving 
farm, annually yielding an abundant harvest. He 
was born in Fayette County, Ind., February 22, 
1827, and was the son of Thomas Keaton, a pio- 
neer farmer of the west, and a man of ability and 

The father was born in the sunny south, and, a 
native of Maryland, spent the days of boyhood in 
his birthplace, there receiving his education and 
self-reliantlj' attaining to manhood. Later he 
emigrated to Ohio, and for a short time made his 
home in Cincinnati. He finalh' removed to In- 



diana and, settling in Fayette County when the 
country round about was a wilderness, engaged in 
llie pursuit of agriculture, clearing, cultivating 
and improving a farm, one of the best in his lo- 
cality'. The father, however, s!pent liis declining 
years in Madison County, and there passed away 
after a life of busy usefulness in 1866. The moth- 
er, Rebecca (Young) Keaton, was the daughter of 
highly esteemed residents of Philadelphia, Pa., 
and reared n|i to useful iiilluence an intelligent 
family, of wlium .losepli W. was the youngest. 

()ui- suljject when a little lad attended a primi- 
tive luj,' schoolhouse of Fayette County, and 
trained up to farming duties, early rendered as- 
sistance in the daily round of agricultural cares. 
At twenty-one years of age, he entered upon the 
management of his father's farm, paying so much 
of the crop as was required for the use of the 
ground and farming implements. Until 1855, Mr. 
Keaton cultivated the acres of the old homestead, 
but at this latter period of time removed to Madi- 
son County, where he purchased land from the 
Government, and with unceasing industr3' added 
to the original acres until he had accumulated a 
large property and amassed a comfortable coiniie- 

January 30, 1851, Mr. Keaton married Miss 
Harriet Noble, daughter of .Tames and Margaret 
(Carnes) Noble. Mr. Noble, a native aiarylander, 
early settled in Rush County, Ind., and made this 
pait of the state his permanent home, dying upon 
his old farm in 1880. The maternal grandfather 
of the estimable wife of our subject was Josiah 
Carnes, a native of the east. The union of Mr. 
and Mrs. Keaton was blessed by the biitli of live 
children. .Tames Thomas, who married Mis- .Martha 
Smith, lives near his mother on the lu)nie farm; 
Susan, died at the age of twenty-six; Margaret, 
the wife of John Hunt, now resides in Fairmount; 
Rebecca married Robert Butler, and they make 
their home with Mrs. Keaton. The tiftli child 
passed away in infancy. 

It was in the spring of 1885 th.-it. stricken by 
mortal illness, Mr. Keaton was called fr(jm the 
familiar scenes with wliicli ho had been so long 
idciitilied. A kinil fiiend and neighbor, a devoted 
husband and father, an.l a true American citizen. 

ever zealous in behalf of the welf.arc of his native 
land, our subject had many friends ami no ene- 
mies, and was beloved b\ all who knew liiiii in- 
timately. About eight yeais liave coini' and yone 
since the death of Mr. Keaton, but in the heaits of 
old-time friends and acquaintances he yet lives, 
the remembrance of his pleasant ways, liis kindly 
words and manly virtues bcinji; undinuned l)y the 
lapse of time. 

Mr. and Mrs. Keaton were both valued members 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and for many 
years oiu- subject faithfully served as Trustee of 
the same. A sl:ihvait, Kepiibiican from the forma- 
tion of the [larty. .Mr. Keat<in ever did his duty as 
a man and citizen, but never aspired to political 
promotion. He shared the toil and privations of 
the early days, and lived to witness the growth and 
advancement of hi- home state , but many years of 
usefulness were aiipurcnlly l>efoi-c him a short 
time previous to his untimely death. To the ef- 
forts of those who, like Josepli \V. Kenton, le- 
deemed the land from its unculLured condition 
and made the ])rairie blossom like the rose, the 
people of to-day owe their prosperity and grate- 
fully render to the early pioneers the tribute of 
high respect and honor. The worthy widow of 
our subject and her entire family occupy a leading 
position in the county, and command the esteem 
of many sincere friends. 

J'~|0I1NII. BRANDOM. Hamilton County is 
conspicuous for its ferl ile farms, which are 
' faultless in the way of management and the 
' order in which they .are kept. Those in 
Fall Creek Township arc especially advantageous- 
ly located and the land is fertile and productive. 
No one is more to he comiilimented upon the ex- 
cellent system witli which his agricultuial affairs 
are conducted tlian the successful faimer whose 
name introduces this sketch, and who was born in 
Fall Creek Township January 30, 1852. 

The dairy interests of the county have in Mr. 
Brandom an able and worthy representative. He 
owns from live to ten milch cows, and in the 
summer sells milk to tlie,cieamerv at Fortville, of 



wliich enterprise lie was one of the promoters at 
the time of its inception, in 1890, and is now a 
member of the Board of Managers. He usually 
keeps on the faiin ten head of horses and a num- 
ber of cows and hogs. He is regarded as one of 
the most energetic and enterprising residents of 
the county, and is especially prominent in the lo- 
cal affairs of the townshii), in which lie is a well 
known resident. 

Our subject is the eldest of tweh^e children, six 
of whom are now living. His father, O. H. P. 
Erandom, was a native of Greenfield, Hancock 
County, but in boyhood came to Fall Creek Town- 
ship, where he has since been successfully con-, 
ducting farming operations. He is now (1893) 
sixty-seven j'ears of age. The mother of our sub- 
ject bore the maiden name of Susan Ragers, and 
was born in Fall Creek Township, being a daugh- 
ter of John and Polly Ragers, natives of Pennsyl- 
vania, who emigrated to Indiana in an earl3' day, 
and there spent t!ie remainder of their days. Mr. 
Ragers passed awa3^ at the great age of one hun- 
dred and eight years. Mrs. Susan Brandom is 
still living, and makes her home in this township. 
Grandfather William Brandom spent his life most- 
ly in Hamilton County, where he died at the age 
of eighty-five. 

Remaining at home until he was twenty-one, 
our subject assisted in the maintenance of the fam- 
ily, and early became familiar with agriculture. 
After starting out for himself, he worked out for 
a season by the month, and afterward operated a 
threshing machine. Later he went into a sawmill, 
where he worked for eighteen months, and then 
worked at farming by the month until he was 
twenty -seven. On the 31st of December, 1878, he 
was united in marriage with Miss Mary E. Lutz, 
who was one of five children born to Levi and 
Elizabeth (Helms) Lutz. Mr. Lutz was born in Ohio, 
and came to Fall Creek Township at the age of 
ten. He engaged in farming until about fifty-five 
jears old, when he died. His father, John Lutz, 
was a native of Pennsylvania, and a son of a Ger- 
man, who emigrated to the United States in an 
eaily da}-. 

The mother of Mrs. Brandom was horn in Ham- 
ilton County, and was one of five children in the 

family of Abraham Helms, a native of Tennessee, 
who early in life emigrated to Kentucky. Later 
he came to Hamilton County, about 1820, and was 
one of the pioneer .settlers of this part of the 
county. He assisted in clearing four farms, and 
did much toward making [lossible the development 
of this section. His death occurred at the age of 
about eighty-seven. Mr. and Mrs. Brandom have 
five children: Fred K., Maud V., Bessie B., John 
D. and Nellie B., all of whom are at home. 

After his marriage, our subject settled upon the 
farm where his wife was born, and where they 
have since resided. One of the prominent men of 
the county, he is at present Supervisor of District 
No. 1, and is always interesied in every measure 
that will advance the welfare of the Democratic 
party. Socially, he is identified with Edwards 
Lodge, I. O. O. F., at Fortville, and is a member of 
the encampment. For seven years he was a mem- 
ber of Bethlehem Church, of which he was Trustee 
for five years. He has recently transferred his 
membership to the Christian Church in his own 
part of the township. In addition to farming pur- 
suits, he has acted as auctioneer in Hamilton and 
adjoining counties for a nuniber of \ears. 

|t_ ON. JOHN E. SHERMAN, the present pop- 
ilfjii ular and enterprising Mayor of Alexan- 
%^ dria, Madison County, Ind., giving to the 
i^ duties of his responsible position faithful 
and efficient service, is but adding to his already 
enviable record as a man and citizen of sterling 
iutegrit3' and undoubted executive ability. The 
entire life of our subject is interwoven with the 
growth and prosperity of his home city. He was 
born on the 18th of June, 1858, in Alexandria, 
and here was reared to a self-reliant and hon- 
ored manhood. His father, Thomas Sherman, born 
in Oneida Countj-, N. Y., was the seventh son of 
Samuel Sherman, also the seventh son of the pater- 
nal great-grandfather. Grandfather Sherman was a 
cousin of the father of Gen. William T. and Senator 
John Sherman. Thomas Sherman, the father, emi- 
grated from New York to Indiana in 1847, and be- 



gan the manufacture of the Endless Chain Pump, 
locatinsj in Winche.ster. He liad invented tlie 
|)iuiip himself, .-iiid later manufactured it in An- 
dt'rsijii, liiit liiKilly permanently settled in Alex- 
andria, at (irst manufacturing pumjjs, but in a 
sliort time engaging in the mercantile business. 
Owning the second store opened in the town, the 
father made a fortune in that line of trade. He 
was just |)re|ianng to conduct a bank in Ander- 
son when he was taken ill, and died in the 3'ear 
18C.5. He was one of the prominent and success- 
ful men of his day, and, occupying a leading po- 
sition in Madison County, left a large property 
to his heirs. 

Of the seven sons who blessed the paternal 
grandfatlier, Samuel and William participated 
in the struggles of the Civil War, the former 
.as a Captain, and the latter .as a private, lioth 
were killed upon the battle-field while heroic- 
ally making a charge upon the enemy. Two 
of the brothers p.assed their entire lives in New 
York State. .Vnother made his home in Iowa un- 
til his death. .Vnother passed away in the eastern 
part of Indiana, and only one of the eight sons of 
(Grandfather Sherman now survives. The mother, 
Mary (Fit/.gerald) Sherman, was the daughter of 
William Fit/.gerald, an Irishman by birtii and a 
shoemaker by trade. The maternal grandfather, 
steadily winning his way upward, became a prom- 
inent man and an ofllcial of his locality. \t the 
time of his death he Superintendent of the 
County Poor Farm, and continued to reside in the 
l^iaker State until the close of Ins life. Tlu- 
mother, niariying a second time, was vvedded to 
W. (i. Kelly, Postmaster of Alexandria under 
Cleveland's first administration. Mrs. Kelly, youth- 
ful in appearance and manners, and a charming 
l.ady, full of hope and clieer, occupies a high social 
position in the society of Alexandria, and, although 
sixty-four years of age, has not a single gray hair 
in her abundant tresses. The parental famil}- con- 
sisted of three sons and one daughter. 

Charles L. Sherman is married and has two chil- 
dren. He IS connected with the Exchange National 
liank of Anderson. Laura is tiie wife of the 
lion. A. E. Harlan, ex-State .Senator and Vice- 
President of the .\lexandria National Hank, of 

Alexandria. Our subject received liis primary 
I education in the home schools of .\lexandria, and 
completed his studies at the Normal School of 
, Anderson. At sixteen years of age he taught 
school, and when twenty-one came into the hand- 
some inheritance bequeathed him by his father. 
j Soon after attaining to his m.ajority. Mr. Sher- 
man took a position as traveling s.alcsman for a 
Chicago wholesale je\velr\- house, and for- the fol- 
lowing six years journeyed from the latter city to 
the Pacific Coast and through the south. In 1885 
he embarked in the mercantile liusiness in .Mex- 
andria, but sudden reverses in the year IS'.io 
caused him to lose the greater part of hi.s fortune. 
He then resumed iiis travels on the roaci. being 
employed by a wholesale boot and shoe house in 
Hoston, l)Ut continued to make his home in Alex- 
andria. When Alexandria organized into a 
city, .John E. Sheriiiau was the unanimous choice 
of the Democratic party for iMa_\-or, and was pop- 
ular with the entire community. Not seeking the 
position of honor, he acce|)ted it with the under- 
standing that he should serve only a short term, 
or until the sin-ing of 181)3. The Legislature of 
the winter of 181)2-93, however, pas?ed a law to 
the effect that all the city oflices should hold for 
four years and present officers until September, 
18:il. :\Ir. Sheniiaii will llierefor,' ivtain hisofttce 
as .Alayor until .September, 1 .s'.) I . ;.ud through his 
eflicient service will undoubtedly advance the pro- 
gressive interests of the city. He still holds his 
tion with the wholesale house and sends a man 
out on the road, making Alexandria a distrii)uting 

March 19, 18i)2, were united in marriage .loiin 
E. Sherman and Miss Bertha Shirk, a native of 
Newcastle, Ind., and the daughter of Christian 
Shirk, now a successful jeweler of Alexandria. 
Our subject and his accomplished wife, who re- 
ceived the congratulations of many friends upon 
their wedding day, are now the happy parents 
of a little son, Tiiomas Christian, four months 
old. Mayor Sherniaii. devoted to the duties of 
his official position, is even a more jiopular man 
to-day than when he accepted the reins of city 
Government and first seated himself in the May- 
or's chair. His administration, wise and econom- 



ical, will establish a precedent certain to insure 
the best good and promote the vital welfare of 
Alexandria. Fraternally a Royal Arch Mason, 
and politically a life-louj^ Democrat, as was his 
revered father, no man in Madison County stands 
higher in public estimation, or is more secure in 
tlie good-will of his fellow-townsmen, than our 
honored subject, wiio in hours of adversity or 
prosperity is ever the same, manly, upright and 

<V TrlLLIAM T. CARTWRIGIIT, a prosperous 
\/\j/l agriculturist and stock-raiser successfully 
^^^ cultivating a valuable farm in Boone 
Township, Madison County, is a life-time resident 
of tiie state and was born in Milton, Wayne 
County, August 15, 1834. His father, Thomas Cart- 
wright, a native of North Carolina, was born April 
C>, 1786, and remained in his earlj' home two-score 
years, having been from his youth a hard-working, 
industi-ious man. By trade a carpenter and 
builder, he devoted a great portion of his lime to 
that occupation but also engaged in the steamboat 
business for some years, running between Eliza- 
betli City, Va., and Norfolk, N. C. 

In 1826, Thomas Cartwright emigrated to 
Wayne County, Ind., and settled in the town of 
INIilton, where he engaged in farming. At the ex- 
piration of ten years he removed with his family 
to Madison Count}', and investing in lands, again 
entered into agricultural pursuits and remained a 
tiller of the soil up to the time of his death, in the 
month of October, 1865. The paternal grand- 
fatlier was born in England and was the descen- 
dant of a long line of enterprising and intelligent 
ancestry; he emigrated to North Carolina in an 
early day in the history of our country. The 
mother of our subject, Bathsheba (Smitson) Cart- 
wright, was born in North Carolina March 4, 1797, 
and was the daughter of old and highly respected 
residents of the Tar State. She traced her ances- 
try to Turkey, in Europe. 

Our subject was the youngest of the ten children 
who clustered in the old home. Five are deceased, 
Charles, Spencer, Miles, Matilda and Susan. Five 

are still living. Mary, residing in Nebraska, mar- 
ried James Eaton, now deceased; Lucinda, the 
widow of Isaac Frazier, removed to California in 
1856, and still makes her home in tiiat state; Fred 
was the eldest son and possessing abilit3\ readily 
made his way to a position of influence; Emeline 
married Edward Christopher and resides in Sum- 
mitville, Ind.; William T. attended the common 
schools of Madison County and at th