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Portrait and biographical 
record of Auglise, Logan 
and Shelby Counties 

I I V 






-««i RECORD »» 





Auglaize, Logan 


Shelby Counties, 

— 01-[I0.*— 


Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens^ 

i> Presidents of the I3nited states.® 



IK greatest of English historians, ;M\CAULAT,and one of the most brilliant -writers of 
the present century, has said: '-The history of a country is best told in a record of the 
ives of its pec^jle." In conformity ■\^■ith this idea the PontnAiT and Biogkaphicai. 
Rkcohp Qf this county has been prepared. Instead of going to musty records, and 
talcing therefrom dry statistical matter that can be appreciated by but few, our 
corps of writei-s have gone to the people, the men and -nomen -n-ho have, by their 
enterprise and industry, brought the count}' to rank second to none among those 
prising this great and noble State, and from their lips have the story of their life 
ggles. No more interesting or instructive matter could be presented to an intelli- 
public. In this volume will be found a record of many whose lives are worthy the 
imitation of coming generations. It tells how some, commencing life in poverty, by 
industry and economy have accumulated wealth. It tells how others, with limited 
advantages for securing an education, have become learned men and women, with an 
^, influence extending throughout the length and breadth of the land. It tells of men vrho 
^ have risen from the lower walks of life to eminence as statesmen, and whose names have 
^\^ become famous. It tells of those in every walk in life who have striven to suc-ceed,and 
8^ records how that success has usually crowned their efforts. It tells also of many, very 

many, who, not seeking the applause of the world, have pui-sued '-the even tenor of their way," content 
" to have it said of them as Christ said of the woman performing a deed of mercy — '-they have done what 
they could." It tells how that many in the pride and strength of young manhood left the plow and the 
anvil, the lawyer's office and the counting-room, left every trade and profession, and at their country's 
call went forth valiantly "to do or die," and how through their efforts the Union was restored and peace 
once more reigned in the land. In the life of every man and of every woman is a lesson that should not 
be lost upon those who follow after. 

Coming generations will appreciate this volume and preserve it as a sacred treasure, from the fact 
tliat it contains so much that would never find its way into public records, and which would otherwise be 
inaccessible. Great care has been taken in the compilation of the work and every opportunity possible 
given to those represented to insure correctness in what has been written, and the publishers flatter them- 
selves that they give to their readei-s a work with few errors of consequence. In addition to the biograph- 
ical sketches, portraits of a number of represent-ative citizens are given. 

The faces of some, and biographical sketches of many, will be missed in this volume. For this the 
publishers are not to blame. Not having a proper conception of the work, some refused to give the 
inform.ation necessary to compile a sketch, while others were indifferent. Occasionally some member of 
the family would oppose the enterprise, and on account of such opposition the support of the interested 
one would be withheld. In a few instances men could never be found, though repeated calls were made 
at their residence or place of business. 

October, 1S'J2. CIIAl'.MAX BROS. 








^^^m^ m^^^^^^^^ 


^ K 




J wx 

HE Father of our Country was 
%) born in Westmorland Co., Va., 
j.rF'eb. :;, 1732. His parents 
^ were Augustine and Mary 
= (Ball) Washington. The family 
to which he belonged has not 
been satisfactorily traced in 
England. His great-grand- 
father, John Washington, em- 
igrated to Virginia about 1657, 
and became a prosperous 
plaijter. He had two sons, 
Lawrence and John. The 
former married Mildred Warner 
and had three children, John, 
.-\ugustine and Mildred. Augus- 
tine, the father of George, first 
married Jane Butler, who bore 
him four children, two of whom, 
Lawrence and Augustine, reached 

f^ maturity. Of si.x children by his 
\ second marriage, George was the 
eldest, the others being Betty, 
i Samuel, John .A.ugustine, Charles 

and Mildred. 
Augustine Washington, the father of George, died 
in 1743, leaving a large landed property. To his 
eldest son, Lawrence, he bequeathed an estate on 
the Patomac, afterwards known as Mount Vernon, 
and to George he let't the parental residence. George 
received only such education as the neighborhood 
schools afforded, save for a short time after he left 
school, when he rei;eived [>rivate instruction in 
mathemat'cs. Hi; siiellins; v.-as rather defectivs 


Remarkable stories are told of his great physica: 
strength and development at an early age. He wa.s 
an acknowledged leader among his companions, and 
was early noted for that nobleness of character, fair- 
ness and veracity which characterized his whole life. 
When George was 1 4 years old he had a desire to go to 
sea, and a midshipman's warrant was secured for him, 
but through the opposition of his mother the idea was 
abandoned. Two years later he was appointed 
surveyor to the immense estate of Lord Fairfax. Li 
this business he spent three years in a rough frontier 
life, gaining e.xperience which afterwards proved very 
essential to him. In 1757, though only ig years of 
age, he was appointed adjutant with the rank of 
major in the Virginia militia, then being trained for 
active service against the French and Indians. Soon 
after this he sailed to the West Indies with his brother 
Lawrence, who went there to restore his health. They 
soon returned, and in the summer of 1752 Lawrence 
died, leaving a large fortune to an infant daughter 
who did not long survive him. On her demise tlie 
estate oi Mount Vernon was given to George. 

Upon the arrival of Robert Dinwiddle, as Lieuten- 
ant-Governor of Virginia, in 1752, the militia was 
reorganized, and the province divided into four mili- 
tary districts, of which the northern was assignee to 
Washington as adjutant general. Shortiv after this 
a very perilous mission was assigned him and ac- 
cepted, which others had refused. This was to pro- 
ceed to the French post near Lake Erie in Xorth- 
western Pennsylvania. The distance to be traversed 
was between 500 and 600 miles. Winter was at hand, 
and the journey was to be made without military 
escort, through a territory occupied by Indians. The 


irip was a perilous one, and several limes he came near 
losing his life, yet he returned in safety and furnished 
a fall and useful report of his expedition. A regiment 
of 3C0 men was raised in Virginia and put in com- 
mand of Col. Joshua Fry, and Major Washington was 
commissioned lieutenant-colonel. Active war was 
then begun against the French and Indians, in which 
Washington took a raost important part. In the 
memorable event of July 9, 1755, known as Brad- 
dock's defeat, Washington was almost the only officer 
of distinction who escaped from the calamities of the 
day with life and honor. Tlie other aids of Braddock 
ivere disabled early in the action, and Washington 
alone was left in that capacity on the field. In a letter 
to his brother he says: "I had four bullets through 
my coat, and two horses shot under me, yet I escaped 
unhurt, though death was levelin'^ my companions 
on every side." An Indian sharpshooter said he was 
not bom to be killed by a bullet, for he had taken 
direct aim at him seventeen times, and failed to hit 

After having been five years in the militarj' service, 
and vainly sought promotion in the royal army, he 
look advantage of the fall of Fort Duquesne and the 
e.xpulsion of the French from the valley of the Ohio, 
to resign his commission. Soon after he entered the 
Legislature, where, although not a leader, he took an 
active and important part. January 17, 1759, he 
married Mrs. Martha (Dandridge) Custis, the wealthy 
widow of John Parke Custis. 

When the British Parliament had closed the port 
if Boston, the cry went up throughout the provinces 
that "The cause of Boston is the cause of us all." 
It was then, at the suggestion of Virginia, that a Con- 
gress of all the colonies was called to meet at Phila- 
dclphia.Sept. 5, 1774, to secure their common liberties, 
peaceably if possible. To this Congress Col. Wash- 
ington was sent as a delegate. On May 10, 1775, the 
Congress re-assembled, when the hostile intentions of 
England were plainly apparent. The battles of Con- 
cord and Lexington had been fought. Among the 
first acts of this Congress was the election of a com- 
mander-in-chief of the colonial forces. This high and 
responsible office was conferred upon Washington, 
who was still a meraberof the Congress. He accepted 
it on June 19, but upon the express condition that he 
receive no salary. He would keep an exact account 
of expenses and expect Congress lo pay them and 
nothing more. It is not the object of this sketch to 
trace the military acts of Washington, to whom the 
ibttunes and liberties of the people of this country 
were so long confided. The war was conducted by 
him under ever)' possible disadvantage, and while his 
forces often met with reverses, yet he overcame every 
obstacle, and after seven years of heroic devotion 
and matchless skill he gained liberty for the greatest 
narion of earth. On Dec. 23, 17S3, Washington, in 
.T parting address of surpassing beauty, resigned his 

commission as commander-in-chief of the army 10 
to the Continental Congress sitting at Annapolis. He 
retired immediately to Mount Vernon and resumed 
his occupation as a farmer and planter, shunning all 
connection with public lite. 

In February, 17S9, Washington was unanimously 
elected President. In his presidential career he wa;, 
subject to the peculiar trials incidental to a new 
government ; trials from lack of confidence on the part 
of other governments; trials from want of harmony 
between the different sections of our own country; 
trials from the impoverished condition of the country, 
owing to the war and want of credit; trials from the 
beginnings of party strife. He was no i)artisan. His 
clear judgment could discern the golden mean; and 
while perhaps this alone kept our government from 
sinking at the very outset, it left him ex|)0sed to 
attacks from both sides, which were often bitter and 
very annoying. 

At the expiration of his first term he was unani- 
mously re-elected. At the end of this term manv 
were anxious that he be re-elected, but he absolutely 
refused a third nomination. On the fourth of March, 
1797, at the expiraton of his second term as Presi- 
dent, he returned to his home, hoping to pass there 
his few remaining years free from the annoyances of 
public life. Later in the year, however, his repose 
seemed likely to be interrupted by war with France. 
At the prospect of such a war he was agaip urged to 
take command of the armies. He chose his sub- 
ordinate officers and left to them the charge of mat- 
ters in the field, which he superintended from his 
home. In accepting the' command he made the 
reservation that he was not to be in the field until 
it was necessary. In the midst of these preparations 
his life was suddenly cut off. December 12, he took 
a severe cold from a ride in the rain, which, settline 
in liis throat, produced inflammation, and terminated 
fatally on the night of the fourteenth. On the eigh- 
teenth his body was borne wi'h military honors to its 
final resting place, and interred in the family vault at 
Mount Vernon. 

Of the character of Washington it is impossible to 
speak but in terms of the highest respect and ad- 
miration. The more we see of the operations ol 
our government, and the more deeply we feel the 
difficulty of uniting all opinions in a common interest, 
the more highly we must estimate the force of his tal- 
ent and cliaracter, which have be^n able to challenge 
the reverence of all parties, and principles, and na- 
tions, and to win a fame as extended as the limits 
of the gliibe, and which we cannot but believe will 
be as lasting as the existence of man. 

The person of Washington was unusally tan, erect 
and well proportioned. His muscular strength was 
great. -His features were of a beautiful symmetn- 
He commanded respect without any ai.])earance of 
haughtiness, and ever serious without tM^ing dull. 

vm ' 

m ^-/damij 



JDBK ABAMS, <t>^^# 


(THN ADAMS, the second 
^ President and the first Vice- 
President of the United States, 
wab born in Braintree ( now 
Qunicy),Mass., and about ten 
'^ nines from Boston, Oct. 19, 
I J 3 His great-grandfather, Henry 
Adams, emigrated from England 
about 1640, wth a family of eight 
sons, and settled at Braintree. The 
parents of John were John and 
Susannah (Boylston) Adams. His 
father was a farmer of limited 
means, to which he added the bus- 
iness of shoemaking. He gave his 
eldest son, John, a classical educa- 
' tion at Harvard College. John 

graduated in 1755, and at once took charge of the 
school in \Vorcesler, Mass. This he found but a 
'school of .nfHiction," from which he ender^vored to 
gain relief by devoting himself, in addition, to the 
study of law. For this puriiose he placed himself 
under the tuition of the only lawyer in the town. He 
had thought seriously of the clerical profession 
but seems to have been turned from this by what he 
termed " the frightful engines of ecclesiastical coun- 
jils, cf diabolical malice, and Calvanistic good nature,'' 
of tl.e operations of which he had been a witness in 
his native town. He was well fitted for the legal 
profession, possessing a clear, sonorous voice, being 
ready and flueru of speech, and having quick percep- 
tive powers. He gradually gained practice, and in 
1764 married .Abigail Smith, a daughter of a minister, 
and a lady of superior intelligence. Shortly after his 
marriaL'e, (t7('>5), the attempt of Parliamentarj- taxa- 
•ion turned him from law to politics. He took initial 
steps toward holdin^, ;i town meeting, and the resolu- 

tions he offered on the subject became very [Kipulat 
throughout the Province, and were adopted word for 
word by over forty different towns. He moved to Bos- 
ton in 176S, and became one of the most courageous 
and prominent advocatesof the popular cause, and 
was chosen a member of the General Court (the 
lislature) in 1770. 

Mr. Adams was chosen one of the first delegates 
from Massachusetts to the first Continental Congress, 
which met in 1774. Here he distinguished himself 
by his capacity for business and for debate, and ad- 
vocated the movement for independence against the 
majority of the members. In May, 1776, he moved 
and carried a resolution in Congress that the Colonies 
should assume the duties of self-government. He 
was a prominent member of the committee of kive 
appointed June 11, to prepare a declaration of inde- 
pendence. This article was drawn by Jefferson, but 
on Adams devolved the task of battling it through 
Congress in a three days debate. 

On the day after the Declaration of Independence 
was passed, while his soul was yet warm with th-; 
glow of e.^cited feeling, he wrote a letter to his wife 
which, as we read it now, seems to have been dictated 
by the spirit of prophecy. "Yesterday," he says, "the 
greatest question was decided that ever was debated 
in .America; and greater, perhaps, never was or wil 
be decided among men. .A resolution was passed 
without one dissenring colony, ' that these L'nited 
States are, and of right ought to be, free and inde- 
pendent states. ' The day is passed. The fourth of 
July, 1776, will be a memorable epoch in the history 
of .America. I am apt to believe it will be celebrated 
by succeeding generations, as the great anniversary, 
festival. It ought to be commemorated as the day on 
deliverance by solemn acts of devotion to .Almightv 
God. It ought to be solemnized with [lomp, shows 


games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires, and illuminations 
from one end of the continent to the other, from this 
time forward for ever. Vou will think me transported 
with enthusiasm, but I am not. I am well aware ot 
the toil, and blood and treasure, that it will cost to 
maintain this declaration, and support and defend 
these States; yet, through all the gloom, I can see the 
ravs of light and glory. I can see that the end is 
Worth more than all the means; and that posterity 
will triumph, although you and I may rue, which I 
hope we shall not."' 

In November, 1777, Mr. Adams was appointed a 
deilegate to France, and to co-operate with Bemjamin 
Franklin and Arthur Lee, who were then in Paris, in 
the endeavor to obtain assistance in arms and money 
from the French Government. This was a severe trial 
to his patriotism, as it separated him from his home, 
compelled him to cross the ocean in winter, and e.\- 
posed him to great peril of capture by the British cruis- 
ers, who were seeking him. He left France June 17, 
1779. In September of the same year he was again 
cliosen to go to Paris, and there hold himself in readi- 
ness to negoriate a treaty of peace and of commerce 
with Great Britian, as soon as the British Cabinet 
might be found willing to listen to such pvoposels. He 
sailed for France in November, from there he went to 
Holland, where he negotiated imjx)rtant loans and 
formed important commercial treaties. 

Finally a treaty of peace with England was signed 
Jan. 2 1, 17 S3. The re-action from the e.xcitement, 
toil and anxiety through which Mr. Adams had passed 
threw him into a fever. After suffering from a con- 
tinued fever and becoming feeble and emaciated he 
was advised to go to England to drink the waters of 
Bath. AVhile in England, still drooping anddesi)ond- 
ing, he received dispatches from his own government 
urging the necessity of his going to Amsterdam to 
negotiate another loan. It was \vinter, his health was 
delicate, yet he immediately set out, and through 
storm, on sea, on horseback and foot,hemade the trip. 

February 24, 17S5, Congress appointed Mr. Adams 
envoy to the Court of St. James. Here he met face 
to face the King of England, who had so long re- 
garded him as a traitor. .\s England did not 
condescend to appoint a minister to the United 
States, and as Mr. Adams felt that he was accom- 
plishing but little, he sought permission to return to 
.nis own countr)', where he arrived in June, 17SS. 

When Washington was first chosen President, John 
.\dam3, rendered illusuious by his signal services at 
home and, was chosen Vice President, .^gain 
at the second elecrion of Washington as President, 
Adams was chosen Vice President. In 1796, Wash- 
ington retired from public life, and Mr. Adams was 
elected President,though not without much opposition. 
S;;rving in this office four years.he was succeeded by 
Mr. Jefferson, his opponent in politics. 

"JVhile Mr. Adams was Vice President the great 

French Revolution shook the continent of Europe, 
and it was upon this point which he was at issue with 
the majority of his countrymen led by Mr. Jefferson. 
Mr. Adams felt no sympathy with the French people 
in tlieir struggle, for he had no confidence in their 
power of self-government, and he utterly abhored the 
classof atheist pliilosophers who he claimed caused it. 
On the other hand Jefferson's sympathies were strongly 
enlisted in behalf of the French people. Hence or 
iginated the alienation between these distinguished 
men, and two jxiwerful parties were thus soon organ- 
ized, Adams at the head of the one whose sympathies 
were with England and Jefferson led the other in 
sympathy with France. 

The world has seldom seen a spectacle of more 
moral beauty and grandeur, than was presented by the 
old age of Mr. Adams. The violence of party feeling 
had died away, and he had begun to receive that just 
appreciation which, to most men, is not accorded till 
after death. No one could look upon his venerable 
form, and think of what he had done and suffered, 
and how he had given up all the prime and strength 
of his life to the public good, without the deepest 
emotion of gratitude and respect. It was his peculiar 
good fortune to witness the complete success of the 
institution which he had been so active in creating and 
supporting. In 1S24, his cup of happiness was filled 
to the brim, by seeing his son elevated to the highest 
station in the gift of the people. 

The fourth of July, 1826, which completed the hall 
century since the signing of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, arrived, and there were but three of the 
signers of that immortal instrument left upon the 
earth to hail its morning light. And, as it is 
well known, on that day two of these finished their 
earthly pilgrimage, a coincidence so remarkable as 
to seem miraculous. For a few days before Mr. 
Adams had been rapidly failing, and on the morning 
of the fourth he found himself too weak to rise from 
his lied. On being requested to name a toast for the 
customary celebration of the day, he exclaimed " In- 
dependence FOREVER." When the day was ushered 
in, by the ringing of bells and the firing of cannons, 
he was asked by one of his :;ttendants if he knew 
what day it was? He replied, "O yes; it is the glor- 
ious fourth of July — God bless it — God bless you all." 
In the course of the day he said, "It is a great and 
glorious day." The last words he uttered were, 
" Jefferson survives." But he had, at one o'clock, re- 
signed his spirit into the hands of his God. 

The personal appearance and manners of Mr. 
Adams were not particularly prepossessing. His face, 
as his portrait manifests.was intellectual ard expres- 
sive, but his figure was low and ungraceful, and h^K 
manners were frequently abrupt and unconrteous. 
He had neither the (of(y dignity of Washington, nor 
tlie engaging elegance and gracefulness which marked 
the manners and address of Jefferson. 

^••■■;%^ v>727/:^. 



burn April 2, 1743, at Shad- 
Msell, Albermarle county, Va. 
His parents were Peter and 
line ( Randolpli) Jefferson, 
the I'urmer a native of Wales, 
and the latter born in Lon- 
d^Jn. To them were born six 
daughters and two sons, of 
whom Thomas was the elder. 
When 14 years of age his 
father died. He received a 
most liberal education, hav- 
ing been kept diligently at school 
from the time he was five years of 
age. In 1760 he entered William 
end Mar)' College. Williamsburg was then the seat 
of the Colonial Court, and it was the obode of fashion splendor. Young Jefferson, who was tlien 17 
years old, lived somewhat expensively, kec[)ing fine 
horses, and much caressed by gay society, yet lie 
was earnestly devoted to his studies, and irrejiroacha- 
able in his morals. It is strange, however, under 
such influences, that he was not ruined. In the sec- 
ond year of his college course, moved by some un- 
explained inward impulse, he discarded his horses, 
society, and even his favorite violin, to which he had 
previously given much time. He often devoted fifteen 
hours a day to haid study, allowing himself for ex- 
ercise only a run in the evening twilight of a mile out 
of the city and back again. He thus attained verj- 
high intellectual culture, alike excellence in philoso- 
phy and the languages. The most difficult Latin and 
Greek authors he read with facility. A more finished 
scholar has seldom gone forth from college halls; and 

there was not to be found, perhaps, in all Virginia, a 
more pureminded, upright, gentlemanly young man. 

Immediately upon leaving college he began the 
study of law. For the short time he continued in the 
practice of his profesaion he rose rapidly and distin- 
guished himself by his energy and accuteness as a 
lawyer. But the times called for greater action. 
Tlie policy of England had awakened the spirit of 
resistance of the .American Colonies, and the enlar<^ed 
views which Jefferson had ever entertained, soon led 
him into active political life. In 1769 he was chosen 
a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses In 
1772 he married .Mrs. Martha .Skelton, a very beauti- 
ful, wealthy and highly accomplished young widow 
Upon Mr. Jefferson's large estate at Shadwell, th;re 
was a majestic swell of land, called Monticello, which 
commanded a prospect of wonderful extent and 
beauty. This spot Mr. Jefferson selected for his new 
home; and here he reared a mansion of modest yet 
elegant architecture, which, next to .Mount Vernon 
became the most distinguished resort in our land. 

In 1775 he was sent to the Colonial Congress, 
where, though a silent member, his abilities as a 
writer and a reasoner soon become known, and ho 
was placed upon a number of important committees, 
and was chairman of the one appointed for the draw- 
ing up of a declaration of independence. This com- 
mittee consisted of Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, 
Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman and Robert R. 
Livingston. Jefferson, as chairman, was appointed 
to draw up the paper. Franklin and .\dams suggested 
a few verbal changes before it was submitted to Con- 
gress. On June 2S, a few slight changes were made 
in it by Congress, and it was passed and signed, July 
4, 1776. What must have been the feelings of that 


man — what the emotions that swelled his breast — 
who was charged with the preparation of that Dec- 
laration, which, while it made known the wrongs of 
America, was also to publish her to the world, free, 
Boverign and independent. It is one of the most re- 
markable papers ever written ; and did no other effort 
of the mind of its author exist, that alone would be 
sufficient to stamp his name with immortality. 

Ill 1779 Mr. Jefferson was elected successor to 
Patrick Henry, :.s Governor of Virginia. At one time 
the British officer, Tarleton, sent a secret expedition to 
Moniicello, to capture the Governor. Scarcely five 
minutes elapsed after the hurried escape of Mr. Jef- 
ferson and his family, ere his mansion was in posses- 
sion of the British troops. His wife's health, never 
ver\' good, was much injured by this excitement, and 
in the summer of 17S2 she died. 

Mr. Jefferson was elected to Congress in 1783. 
Two years later he was appointed Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to France. Returning to the United States 
in September, 17S9, he became Secretary of State 
in Washington's cabinet. This position he resigned 
Jan. r, 1794- In 1797, he was chosen Vice Presi- 
dent, and four years later was elected President over 
Mr. Adams, with Aaron Burr as Vice President. In 
1S04 he was re-elected with wonderful unanimity, 
and George Clinton, Vice President. 

The early part of Mr. Jefferson's second adminstra- 
tion was disturbed by an event which threatened the 
tranquility and peace of the L'nion; this was the con- 
spiracy of Aaron Burr. Defeated in the late election 
to the Vice Presidency, and led on by an unprincipled 
ambition, this extraordinary man formed the plan of a 
military expedition into the Spanish territories on our 
ioathwestern frontier, for the purixjse of forming there 
a new republic. This has been generally supposed 
was a mere pretext ; and although it has not been 
generally known what his real plans were, there is no 
doubt that they were of a far more dangerous 

In 1809, at the expiration of the second term for 
which Mr. Jefferson had been elected, he determined 
to retire from political life. For a period of nearly 
.'brty years, he had been continually before the pub- 
,ic, arid all that time had been employed in offices of 
the greatest trust and responsibility. Havmg thus de- 
voted the best part of his life to the service of his 
country, he now felt desirous of that rest which his 
declining years required, and ujxsn the organization of 
the new'administration, in March,- 1809, he bid fare- 
well forever to public life, and retired to Monticello. 

Mr. Jefferson was profuse in his hospitality. Whole 
families came in their coaches with their hoises, — 
fathers and mothers, boys and girls, babies and 
nurses, — and remained three and even six months. 
Life at Monticello, for years, resembled that at a 
fashionable watering-place. 

The fourth of July i8;6, being the fiftieth anniver- 

sary of the Declaration of American Independence, 
great preparations were made in every part of the 
Union for its celebration, as the nation's jubilee, and 
the citizens of Washington, to add to the solemnity 
of tlie occasion, invited Mr. Jefferson, as the framer. 
and one of the few surviving signers of the Declara- 
tion, to participate in their festivities. But an ill- 
ness, which had been of several weeks duration, and 
had been continually increasing, compelled him to 
decline the invitation. 

On the second of July, the disease under which 
he was laboring left him, but in such a reduced 
state that his medical attendants, entertained nc 
hope of his recovery. From this time he was perfectly 
sensible that his last hour was at hand. On the ne.xt 
dny, which was Monday, he asked of those around 
him, the day of the month, and on being told it was 
the third of July, he expressed the earnest wish tha'; 
he might be permitted to breathe the airof the fiftieth 
anniversary. His prayer was heard — that day, whose 
dawn was hailed with such rapture through our land, 
burst upon his eyes, and then they were closed for- 
ever. And what a noble consummation of a noble 
life ! To die on that day, — the birthday of a nation,- - 
the day which his own name and his own act had 
rendered glorious; to die amidst the rejoicings and 
festivities of a whole nation, who looked up to him, 
as the author, under God, of their greatest blessings, 
was all that was wanting to fill up the record his life, 

Almost at the same hour of his death, the kin- 
dred spirit of the venerable Adams, as if to bear 
him company, left the scene of his earthly honors. 
Hand in hand they had stood forth, the champions of 
freedom; hand in hand, during the dark and desper- 
ate struggle of the Revolution, they had cheered and 
animated their desjxjnding countr)'men; for half a 
century they had labored together for the good of 
the country; and now hand in hand they depart. 
In their lives they had been united in the same great 
cause of liberty, and in their deaths they were not 

In person Mr. Jefferson was tall and thin, rather 
above six feet in height, but well formed; his eyes 
were light, his hair originally red, in after life became 
white and silvery; his complexion was fair, his fore- 
head broad, and his whole courtenance intelligent and 
thoughtful. He possessed great fortitude of mind as 
well as personal courage; and command of tem- 
per was such that his oldest and most intimate friends 
never recollected to have seen him in a passion. 
His manners, though dignified, were simple and un- 
affected, and his hospitality was so unbounded that 
all found at his house a ready welcome. In conver- 
sation he was fluent, eloquent and enthusiastic ; and 
his language was remarkably pure and correct. He 
was a finished classical scholar, and in his writings is 
discemable the care with which he formed his style 
upon the best models of antiquity. 


< t . , ,l>^_ ^i^iC^t^t 




v^ of the Constitution," and fourth 
^ '' President of the United States, 
was born March 16, 1757, and 
died at his home in Virginia, 
V -S^ June 28, 1S36. The name of 
/g James Madison is inseparably con- 
nected with most of the important 
events in that heroic period of our 
., country during which the founda- 
tions of this great republic were 
laid. He was the last of the founders 
of the Constitution of the United 
States to be called to his eternal 

The Madison family were among 
the early emigrants to the New World, 
landing upon the shores of the Chesa- 
peake but 15 years after the settle- 
ment of Jamestown. The father of 
fJYU James Madison was an opulent 
Jlf*L planter, residing upon a very fine es- 
|) tate called "Montpelier," Orange Co., 
ij Va. The mansion was situated in 
(5|S the midst of scenery highly pictur- 
j esque and romantic, on the west side 

of .South-west Mountain, at the foot of 
Blue Ridge. It was but 25 miles from the home of 
Jefferson at Monticello. The closest personal and 
political attachment e.xisted between these illustrious 
men, from their early youth until death. 

The early education of Mr. Madison was conducted 
mostly at home under a private tutor. At the age of 
iS he was sent to Princeton College, in New Jersey. 
Here he applied himself to study with the most im- 

prudent zeal; allowing himself, for months, but three 
hours' sleep out of the 24. His health thus became so 
seriously impaired that he never recovered any vit^or 
of constitution. He graduated in 177 i, with a feeble 
body, with a character of utmost purity, and with a 
mind highly disciplined and richly stored with learning 
which embellished and gave proficiency to his subsf ■ 
quent career. 

Returning to Virginia, he commenced the study of 
law and a course of extensive and systematic reading. 
This educational course, the spirit of the times in 
which he lived, and the society with which he asso- 
ciated, all combined to inspire him with a strong 
love of liberty, and to train him for his life-work ol 
a statesman. Being naturally of a religious turn of 
mind, and his frail health leading him to think that 
his life was not to be long, he directed especial atten- 
tion to theological studies. Endowed with a mmd 
singularly free from passion and prejudice, and with 
almo!:t unequalled powers of reasoning, he weighed 
all the arguments for and against revealed religion, 
until his faith became so established as never to 
be shaken. 

In the spring of 1776, when 26 years of age, he 
was elected a member of the Virginia Convention, to 
frame the constitution of the State. The next year 
(1777). he was a candidate for the General .Assembly. 
He refused to treat the whisky-lovirg voters, and 
consequently lost his election ; but those who had 
witnessed the talent, energy and public spirit of the 
modest young man, enlisted themselves in his behalf, 
and he was appointed to the E.xecutive Covmcil. 

Both Patrick Henry and Thomas JefTerson were 
Governors of Virginia while Mr. Madison remained 
member of the Council ; and their aooreciation of his 


intellectual, social and moral worth, contributed not 
a little to his subsequent eminence. In the year 
1 7 So, he was elected a member of the Continental 
Congress. Here he met the most illustrious men in 
our land, and he was immediately assigned to one of 
the most conspicuous positions among them. 

For three years JVIr. Madison continued in Con- 
gress, one of its most active and influential members. 
In the year 17S4, his term having expired, he was 
elected a member of the Virginia Legislature. 

No man felt more deeply tlian Mr. Madison the 
utter inefficiency of the old confederacy, with no na- 
tional government, with no power to form treaties 
which would be binding, or to enforce law. There 
was not any State more prominent than Virginia in 
the declaration, that an efficient national government 
must be formed. In January^ 17S6, Mr. Madison 
carried a resolution through the Ceneral Assembly of 
Virginia, inviting the other States to appoint commis- 
sioners to meet in convention at Annapolis to discuss 
this subject. Five States only were represented. 'I'lie 
convention, liowever, issued another call, drawn up 
by Mr. Madison, urging all the States to send their 
delegates to Philadelpliia, in May, 1787, to draft 
a Constitution for the United States, to take the place 
of that Confederate League. The delegates met at 
the time apjxjinted. F.very State but Rhode Island 
fas represented. George Washington was chosen 
president of the convention ; and tlie present Consti- 
tution of the United States was then and there formed. 
There was, perhaps, no mind and no pen more ac- 
tive in framing this immortal document than the mind 
and the pen of James Madison. 

The Constitution, adopted by a vote 81 to 79, was 
to be presented to the several States for acceptance. 
But grave solicitude was felt. Should it be rejected 
we should be left but a conglomeration of independent 
States, with but little power at liome and little respect 
abroad. Mr. Madison was selected by the conven- 
tion to draw up an address to the people of the United 
States, expounding the principles of the Constitution, 
and urging its adoption. There was great opposition 
to it at first, but it at length triumphed over all, and 
went into effect in 1789. 

Mr. Madison was elected to the House of Repre- 
sentatives in the first Congress, and soon became the 
avowed leader of the Republican party. While in 
New York attending Congress, he met Mrs. Todd, a 
young widow of remarkable ]X>wer of fascination, 
whom he married. She was in person and character 
queenly, and probably no lady has thus far occupied 
so prominent a position in the very peculiar society 
which has constituted our republican court as Mrs. 

Mr. Madison served as Secretary of State under 
JetTerson, and at the close of his administration 
was chosen President. At this time the encroach- 
ments of England had brought us to the verge of war. ) 

British orders in council destioyed our commerce, and 
our flag was e.xjxDsed to constant insult. Mr. Madison 
was a man of peace. Scliolarly in his taste, retiring 
in hisdisixjsition, war had no charms for him. But the 
meekest spirit can be roused. It makes one's blood 
boil, even now, to think of an American ship brought 
to, uiion the ocean, by the guns of an English cruiser. 
A young lieutenant steps on board and orders the 
crew to be paraded before him. With great nonchal- 
ance he selects any number whom he may please to 
designate as British subjects; orders them down the 
ship's side into his boat; and places them on the gun- 
deck of his man-of-war, to fight, by compulsion, the ■ 
battles of England. This right of search and im- 
pressment, no efforts of our Government could induce 
the British cabinet to relinquish. 

On the iSth of June, 1812, President Madison gave 
his approval to an act of Congress declaring war 
against Great Britain. Notwithstanding the bitter 
hostility of the Federal party to tlie war, the country 
in general approved; and Mr. iSIadison, on the 4th 
of March, 1S13, was re-elected by a large majority, 
and entered U|ion his second term of office. This is 
not the place to describe the various adventures of 
this war on tlie land and on the water. Our infan'. 
navy then laid the foundations of its renown in grap- 
pling v.'ilh the most formidable power which ever 
swept the seas. The contest commenced in earnest 
by the appearance of a British fleet, early in February, 
1S13, in Chesajjeake Bay, declaring nearly the whole 
coast of the United States under blockade. 

The Emperor of Russia offered his services as me 
ditator. America accepted ; England refused. A Brit- 
ish force of five tliousand men landed on the banks 
of the Patu.xet River, near its entrance into Chesa- 
peake Bay, and marched rapidly, by way of Bladens- 
burg, uixm Washington. 

The straggling little city of Washington was thrown 
into consternation. The cannon of the brief conflict 
at Bladensburg echoed through the streets of the 
metropolis. The whole population fled from the city. 
The President, leaving Jkfrs. Madison in the White 
House, with her carriage drawn up at the doer to 
await his si)eedy return, hurried to meet the officers 
in a council of war. He met our troops utterly routed, 
and he could not go back without danger of being 
captured. But few hours elapsed ere the Presidential 
Mansion, the Capitol, and all the public buildings in 
Washington were in flames. 

The war closed after two years of fighting, and on 
Feb. 13, iSi5,the treaty of peace was signed at Ghent. 

On the 4th of March, 1817, his second term of 
office e.xpired, and he resigned the Presidential chair 
to his friend, James Monroe. He retired to his beau- 
tiful home at Montpelier, and there passed the re- 
mainder of his days. On June :8, 1S36, then at the 
age of 85 years, he fell asleep in death. Mrs. Madi- 
son died July 12, 1849. 


^^^-^^^ 7 


/ 1 ^ c-^ 



^^-{^a** jm^^ n]oi]^OE. « 



AMES MOXROE. the fifth 
iPasidentof The United States, 
5 bom ill Westmoreland Co., 
Va , April 28, 175S. His early 
life was passed at the place of 
nativity. His ancestors had for 
, 1 many years resided in the prov- 
ince in which he was born. When, 
at i-j } ears of age, in the process 
of completing his education at 
William and Mary College, the Co- 
lonial Congress assembled at Phila- 
delphia to deliberate ujxjn the un- 
just and manifold oppressions of 
Great Britian, declared the separa- 
tion of the Colonies, and promul- 
gated the Declaration of Indepen- 
dence. Had he been born ten years before it is highly 
probable that he would have been one of the signers 
of that celebrated instrument. At this time he left 
school and enlisted among the patriots. 

He joined the army when everything looked hope- 
less and gloomy. The number of deserters increased 
from day to day. The invading armies came pouring 
ill ; and the tories not only favored the cause of the 
mother country, but disheartened the new recruits, 
u ho were surriciently terrified at the prospect of con- 
tending with an enemy whom they had been taught 
to deem invincible. To such brave spirits as James 
.Monroe, who went right onward, undismayed through 
difficulty and danger, the United States owe their 
political emancipation. The voung cadet joined the 
ranks, and esixiLised the cause of his injured country, 
with a firm determination to live or die with her strife 

for liberty. Firmly yet sadly he shared in the mel- 
ancholy retreat from Harleam Heights antl White 
Plains, and accompanied the dispirited army as it fled 
before its foes through New Jersey, In four months 
after the Declaration of Independence, the patriots 
had been beaten in seven battles. At the battle of 
Trenton he led the vanguard, and, in the act of charg- 
ing upon the enemy he received a wound in the left 

As a reward for his bravery, Mr. Monroe was pro- 
moted a captain of infantry; and, liaving recovered 
from his wound, he rejoined the army. He, however, 
receded from the line of promotion, by becoming an 
officer in the staff of Lord Sterling. During the cam- 
paigns of 1777 and 177S, in the actions of Brandy 
wine, Gerniantown and Monmouth, he continued 
aid-de-camp; but becoming desirous to regain his 
position in the army, he exerted himself to collect a 
regiment for the Virginia line. This scheme failed 
owing to the exhausted condition of the State. Uixm 
this failure lie entered the office of Mr. Tefferson, at 
that period Governor, and pursued, with considerable 
ardor, the study of common law. He did not. l»wever, 
entirely lay aside the knapsack for the green bag; 
but on the invasions of the enemy, served as avolun 
teer, during the two years of his legal pursuits. 

In 178-, he was elected from King George county, 
a member of the Leglislature of Virginia, and by tha! 
body he was elevated to a seat in the E.xecutive 
Council. He was thus honored with the confidence 
of his fellow citizens at 23 years of age ; and having 
at this early period disiilayed some of that abiiitv 
and aptitutle for legislation, which were afterwards 
employed with unremittingenergy for the public good, 



lie was in the succeeding year chosen a member of 
the Congress of the United States. 
Deeply as Mr. Monroe felt the imperfections of the old 
Confederacy, he was opixjsed to the new Constitution, 
-.hinking, with many others of 'he Republican parly, 
'.hat it gave too much [X)Wcr to the Central Government, 
and not enough to the individual States. Still he re- 
tained the esteem of his friends who were its warm 
sup[X)rters, and who, notwithstanding his opposition 
secured its adoption. In 1789, he became a member 
of the United States Senate; which office he held for 
four years. Everj- month the line of distinction be- 
tween the two great parties which divided the nation, 
the Federal and the Republican, was growing more 
distinct. The two prominent ideas which now sep 
arated them were, that the Reptiblican party was in 
sympathy with France, and also in favor of such a 
strict construction of tlie Constitution as to give the 
Central Government as little [X)wer, and the State 
Governments as much power, as the Constitution would 
warrant. The Federalists sympathized with England, 
and were in favor of a liberal construction of the Con- 
stitution, which would give as much ix)wer to the 
Central Government as that document could possibly 

The leading Federalists and Republicans were 
alike noble men, consecrating all their energies to tlie 
good of the nation. Two more honest men or more 
pure patriots than John Adams the Federalist, and 
James Monroe the Republican, never breathed. In 
'ibuilding up this majestic nation, which is destined 
to eclipse all Grecian and .\ssyrian greatness, the com- 
bination of their antagonism was needed to create the 
light equilibrium. And yet each in his day was de- 
nounced as almost a demon. 

Washington was then President. England had es- 
poused the cause of the Bourbons against the princi- 
ples of the French Revolution. All Europe was drawn 
into the conflict. We were feeble and far away. 
Washington issued a proclamation of neutrality be- 
tween these contending powers. France had helped 
us in the struggle for our liberties. All the despotisms 
of Europe were now combined to jirevent the French 
from escaping from a tyranny a thousa)id-fold worse 
than that which we had endured Col. Monroe, more 
magnanimous than prudent, was anxious that, at 
whatever hazard, we should help our old allies in 
their e.xtremity. It was the impulse of a generous 
and noble nature. He violently opjwsed the_ Pres- 
ident's proclamation as ungrateful and wanting in 

Washington, who could appreciate such a character, 
developed his calm, serene, almost divine greatness, 
by appointing that very James Monroe, who was de- 
nouncing the policy of the Government, as the minister 
of that Gi5vernment to 'he Republic of France. Mr. 
Monroe was welcomed by the National Convetrtion 
in France with the most enthusiastic demonstip-tions. 

Shortly after his return to this countrv, Mr. Mon- 
roe was elected Governor of Virginia, and held the 
office for three jeais. He was again sent to France to 
co-oiierate with Chancellor Livingston in obtaining 
the vast territory then known as the Province of 
Louisiana, which France had but shortly before ob- 
tained from Spain. Their united efforts were suc- 
cessful. For the comparatively small sum of fifteen 
millions of dollars, the entire territory of Orleans and 
district of Louisiana were added to the United States. 
This was [)robably the largest transfer of real estate 
which was ever made in all the history of the world. 

From France Mr. Monroe went to England to ob- 
tain from that country some recognition of otir 
rights as neutrals, and to remonstrate against those 
odious impressments of our seamen. But Eng- 
land was unrelenting. He again returned to Eng- 
land on "the same mission, but could receive no 
redress. He returned to his home and was again 
chosen Governor of Virginia. This he soon resigned 
to accept the position of Secretary of State under 
Madison. While in this office war with England was 
declared, the Secretary of War resigned, and during 
these trying times, the duties of the War Departnien: 
were also put upon hiiti. He was truly the armor- 
bearer of President Madison, and the most efficient 
business man in his cabinet. Upon the return ol 
peace he resigned the Department of War, but con- 
tinued in the office of Secretary of State until the ex- 
piration of Mr. Madison's adminstration. At the elec- 
tion held the previous autumn Mr. Monroe himself had 
been chosen President with but little opix>silion, and 
upon March 4, 18/7, was inaugurated. Four years 
later he was elected for a second term. 

Among the important measures of his Presidency 
were the cession of Florida to the United States; the 
Missouri Compromise, and the " Monroe doctrine.' 

This famous doctrine, since known a? the "Monroe 
doctrine," was enunciated l)y him in 1S23. At tha^ 
time the United States had recognized the independ- 
ence of the South American states, and did not «ish 
to have European powers longer attem[)ting to sub 
due ])ortions of the American Continent. The doctrine 
is as follows: "That we should consider any attempt 
on the part of European powers to extend their sys- 
tem to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous 
to our peace and safety," and "that we could ro' 
view any interposition for the purpose of oppressing 
or controlling American governments or provinces in 
any other light than as a manifestation by Europeai- 
powers of an unfriendly disposition toward the Uniter 
States." This doctrine immediatel\- nfifected the course 
of foreign governments, and has become the approved 
sentiment of the L^nited States. 

At the end of his fecond term Mr Monroe retired 
to his home in Virginia, where he lived until 1830, 
when he went to New York to live with his son-in- 
law. In that city he died, on the 4th of July, tSji, 


5, Ai 





JOr^l] QUI136Y -^D^IlQg. 

■, id ^i\th I'resident of the United 

'btates, was born in the rural 
home of his honored father, 
John Adams, in Qiiincy, Mass., 
on the I ith cf July, 1767. His 
' mother, a woman of exalted 

worth, watched over liis childhood 
during the almost constant ab- 
sence of his father. When but 
eight years of age, he stood with 
" hib mother on an eminence, listen- 
ing to the booming of the great bat- 
tle on Bunker's Hill, and gazing on 
upon the smoke and flames billow- 
ing up from the conflagration of 

When but eleven years old he 
took a tearful adieu of his mother, 
to sail with his fatner for Europe, 
through a fleet ot hostile British cruisers. The bright, 
animated boy spent a year and a half in Paris, where 
his father was associated with Franklin and Lee as 
minister plenipotentiary. His intelligence attracted 
the notice of these distinguished men, and he received 
from them flattering marks of attention. 

Mr. John Adams had scarcely returned to tliis 
cou.'.try, in 1779, ere he was again sent abroad. .Again 
• ol.A Quincy accompanied his father. At Paris he 
applied himself with great diligence, for si.\ months, 
to :.fudy; then accom pained his father to Holland, 
v'here he entered, first a school in .A-msterdam, then 
the University at Leyden. About a year from this 
time, in 17S1, when the manly boy was but fourteen 
yea"s of age, he was selected by Mr. Dana, our min- 
ister to the Russian court, as his private secretary. 

In this school of incessant labor .and of enobling 
culture he spent fourteen months, and then returned 
to Holland through Sweden, Denmark, Hamburg and 
Bremen. This long journev he took alone, in the 
winter, when in his si.xteenth year, .\2ain he resumed 
ais studies, under a private tutor, at Hague. Them e 

in the spring of 17S2, he accompanied his father i; 
Paris, traveling leisurely, and forming acquaintance 
with tiie most distinguished men on the Continent 
examining arcnitectural remains, galleries of paintinus 
and all renowned works of art. At Paris he agaii, 
became associated with the most illustrious men ol 
all lands in the contemplations of the loftiest temporal 
themes which can engross the human mind. Afte" 
a short visit to England he returned to Paris, ana 
consecrated all his energies to sludv until May, 17S5, 
when he returned to .America. To a brilliant young 
man of eighteen, who had seen much of the world, 
and who was familiar with the etiquette of courts, a 
residence with his father in London, under such cir- 
cumstances, must have been e.xtremely attractive 
Init with judgment very rare in one of his age, he pre- 
ferred to return to .America to complete his education 
in an .American college. He wished then to study 
law, that with an honorable profession, he might be 
able to obtain an independent support. 

L'pon leaving Harvard College, at the age of twenty 
he studied law for thiee years. In June, 1794, be- 
ing then but twenty-seven years of age, he was ap- 
[lointed by Washington, resident m.inister at the 
N'etlierlands. Sailing from Boston in July, he reachea 
London in October, where he was immediately admit- 
ted to the deliberations of Messrs. Jay and Pinckney 
assisting tliem in negotiating a commercial treaty with 
(jieat Britian. After thus spending a fortnight i. 
London, he proceeded to the Hague. 

In July, 1797, he left the Hague to go to Portugal a? 
minister plenipotentiary'. On his way to Portugal, 
upon arriving in London, he met with despatches 
directing him to the court of Beiiin, but requesting 
him to remain in London unril he should receive his 
instructions. \\"hile waiting he was married to ar 
American lady to whom he had been previously en- 
gaged, — M'ss Louisa Catherine Johnson, daughte- 
of Mr. Joshua Johnson, .American consul In I ondon 
a lady endownd with that beauty and those accom- 
plishment which eminently fitted her to move in X\A 
elevated sphere for which slie was <i'j*s'iced 


He reached Berlin with his mle in November, 1797 ; 
where he remained until July, 1799, when, having ful- 
filled all the purixjses of his mission, he solicited his 

Soon after his return, in 1S02, he was chosen to 
the Senate of Massachusetts, from Boston, and then 
was elected Senator of the United States for six years, 
from the 4tli of March, 1S04. His reputation, his 
ability and his experience, placed him immediately 
among the most prominent and influential members 
of that body. Especially did he sustain the Govern- 
ment in its measures of resistance to the encroach- 
ments of England, destroying our commerce and in- 
sulting our flag. There was no man in America more 
familiar with the arrogance of the British court upon 
these points, and no one more resolved to present 
a firm resistance. 

In 1S09, Madison succeeded Jefferson in the Pres- 
idential chair, and he immediately nominated John 
Quincy .^dams minister to St. Petersburg. Resign- 
ing his professorship in Harvard College, he embarked 
at Boston, in August, 1S09. 

While in Russia, Mr. Adams was an intense stu- 
dent. He devoted his attention to the language and 
history of Russia; to the Chinese trade; to the 
European system of weights, measures, and coins ; to 
the climate and astronomical observations; while he 
Kept up a familiar acquaintance with the Greek and 
Latin classics. In all the universities of Europe, a 
more accomplished scholar could scarcely be found. 
.All through life the Bible constituted an imiwrtant 
.part of his studies. It was his rule to read five 
chapters every day. 

On the 4th of March, 1S17, Mr. Monroe took the 
Presidential chair, and immediately apixiinted Mr. 
.Adams Secretary of State. Taking leave of his num- 
erous friends in public and private life in Europe, he 
sailed in June, 1S19, for the United States. On the 
1 8th of August, he again crossed the threshold of his 
home in Quincy. During the eight yearsof Mr. Mon- 
roe's administration, Mr .\dams continued Secretary 
of State. 

Some time before :he close of Mr. Monroe's second 
term of office, new candidates began to be presented 
for the Presidency. The friends of Mr. .-Xdams brought 
forward his name. It was an e.xciting campaign. 
Party spirit was never more bitter. Two hundred and 
si.\ty electoral votes were cast. Andrew Jackson re- 
ceived ninety-nine; John Quincy Adams, eighty-four; 
William H. Crawford, forty-one; Henry Cl.iy, thirty- 
seven. As there was no choice by the people, the 
question went to the House of Representatives. Mr. 
Clay gave the vote of Kentucky to Mr. .^dams, and 
he was elected. 

The friends of all the disap;iointed candidates now 
;orabined in a venomous and persistent assault upon 
Mr. .Adams. There is nothing more disgraceful in 
ife« po-sl historj' of our country than the abuse which 

was poured in one uninterrupted stream, upon this 
high-minded, upright, patriotic man. There neverwas 
an administration more pure in principles, more con- 
scientiously devoted to the best interests of tlie coun- 
try, than that of John Quincy Adams ; and never, per- 
haps, was there an administration more unscrupu- 
lously and outrageously assailed. 

Mr. Adams was, to a very remarkable degree, ab- 
stemious and temperate in his habits; always rising 
early, and taking much exercise. When at his home in 
Quincy, he has been known to walk, before breakfast, 
seven miles to Boston. In Washington, it was said 
that he was the first man up in the city, lighting his 
own fire and applying himself to work in his library 
often long before dawn. 

On the 4th of March, 1829, Mr. Adams retired 
from the Presidency, and was succeeded by Andrew 
Jackson. John C. Calhoun was elected Vice Presi- 
dent. The slavery question now began to assume 
[Xjrtentous magnitude. Mr. .Adams' returned to 
Quincy and to his studies, which he pursued with un- 
abated zeal. But he was not long permitted to re- 
main in retirement. In November, 1830, he was 
elected representative to Congress. For seventeen 
years, until his death, he occupied the post as repre- 
sentative, towering above all his peers, ever readv to 
do brave battle' for freedom, and winning the title of 
"the old man eloquent." Upon taking his seat in 
the House, he announced that he should hold him- 
self bound to no party. Probably there never was a 
member more devoted to his duties. He was usually 
the first in his place in the morning, and the last to 
leave his seat in the evening. Not a measure could 
be brought forward and escape his scrutiny. 1 he 
battle which Mr. Adams fought, almost singly, against 
I he prosljvery party in the Government, was sublime 
in Us moral daring and heroism. For persisting in 
presenting petitions for the abolition of slavery, he 
was threatened with indictment by the grand jury 
with expulsion from the House, with assassination 
but no threats could intimidate him, and his final 
triumph was complete. 

It has been said of President Adams, that when his 
body was bent and his hair silvered by the lapse of 
fourscore years, yielding to the simple faith of a little 
child, he was accustomed to repeat every night, before 
he slept, the prayer which his mother taught him in 
his infant years. 

On the 2ist of February, 1848, he rose on the floor 
of Congress, with a paper in his hand, to address the 
speaker. Suddenly he fell, again stricken by par.nly- 
sis, and was caught in the arms of those around him. 
For a time he was senseless, as he was conveyed to 
the sofa in the rotunda. With reviving conscious- 
ness, he opened his eyes, looked calmly around and 
said " This is the end of earth ;"then after a moment's 
pause he added, " I am content" These were the 
last words of the grand " Old Man Eloquent." 





^1 AmjpgjEiit^ ^h^<m^^%^ 



seventh President of the 
' United States, was born in 
Waxhaw settlement, N. C, 
March 15, 1767, a few days 
after his father's death. His 
parents were [xwr emigrants 
from Ireland, and took up 
their abode in Waxhaw set- 
tlement, where they lived in 
deepest poverty. 
Andrew, or Andy, as he was 
universally called, grew up a very- 
rough, rude, turbulent boy. His 
features were coarse, his forai un- 
gainly; and there was but very 
tittle in his character, made visible, which was at- 

When only thirteen years old he joined the volun- 
teers of Carolina against the British invasion. In 
17S1, he and his brother Robert were captured and 
imprisoned for a time at Camden. A Brirish officer 
ordered him to brush his mud-spattered boots. " I am 
a prisoner of war, not your servant," was the reply of 
the dauntless boy. 

The brute drew his sword, and aimed a desperate 
Dlow at the head of the helpless young prisoner. 
.\ndrew raised his hand, and thus received two fear- 
ful gashes, — i^ne on the hand and the other upon the 
head. The officer then turned to his brother Robert 
with the same demand. He also refused, and re- 
ceived a blow from the keen-edged sabre, which quite 
disabled hiai. and which probably soon after caused 
his death. They suffered much otlier ill-treatraent, and 
were finally stricken with the small-pox. Their 
mother was successful 't\ iibtaining their exchange. 

and took her sick boys home. After a long illn^SL 
.\ndrew recovered, and the death of his mother soon 
left him entirely friendless. 

Andrew supported himself in various ways.s \z\\ as 
working at the saddler's trade, teaching school and 
clerking in a general store, until 1784, when he 
entered a law office at Salisbury, N. C. He, however, 
gave more attention to the wild amusements of the 
times than to his studies. In 17SS. he was appointed 
solicitor for the western district of North Carolina, of 
which Tennessee was tlien a part. This involved 
many long and tedious journeys amid dangers of 
every kind, but Andrew Jackson never knew fear, 
and the Indians had no desire to repeat a skirmisl)', 
witn the Sharp Knife. 

In 1791, Mr. Jackson was married to a woman who 
supposed herself divorced from her former husband. 
Great was the surprise of both parties, two years later, 
to find that the conditionsof the divorce had just been 
definitely settled by the first husband. The marriage 
ceremony was performed a second time, but the occur- 
rence was often used by his enemies to bring Mr. 
Jackson into disfavor. 

During these years he worked hard at his profes 
sion, and frequently had one or more duels on hand, 
one of which, when he killed Dickenson, was espec- 
ially disgraceful. 

In January, 1796, the Territory of Tennessee then 
containing neariy eighty thousand inhabitants, the 
people met in convention at Kno.wille to frame a con- 
stitution. Five were sent from each of the eleven 
counties, .\ndrew Jackson was one of the delegates.' 
The new State was entitled to but one member io 
the National House of Representatives. .\ndre>v Jack- 
son was chosen that member. Mounting his horse he 
rode to Pliiledelphia, where Congress then held its 


sesiioiis, — a distance of about eight hundred miles. 

Jackson was an earnest advocate of the Demo- 
cratic party. Jefferson was his idol. He admired 
Bonaparte, loved France and hated England. As Mr. 
Jackson took his seat, Gen. Washington, whose 
second term of office was then expiring, delivered his 
last speech to Congress. A committee drew up a 
complimentary address in reply. Andrew Jackson 
did not api)rove of the address, and was one of the 
twelve wlio voted against it. He was not willing to 
say that Gen. Washington's adminstration had been 
" wise, firm and patriotic." 

Mr. Jackson was elected to tlie United States 
Senate in 1797, but soon resigned and returned home. 
Soon after he was chosen Judge of the Supreme Court 
of his State, which position he held fjr si.x years. 

When the war of 1S12 with Great Britian com- 
menced, Madison occupied the Presidential chair. 
Aaron Burr sent word to the President that there was 
an unknown man in the West, Andrew Jackson, who 
would do credit to a commission if one were con- 
ferred uixan him. Just at that time Gen. Jackson 
jffeied his services and those of twenty-five hundred 
volunteers. His offer was accepted, and the troops 
were assembled at Nashville. 

As the British were hourly e.\pected to make an at- 
tack upon New Orleans, where Gen. Wilkinson was 
in command, he was ordered to descend the river 
-ivith fifteen hundred troops to aid Wilkinson. The 
expedition reached Natchez; and after a delay of sev- 
eral weeks there, without accomplishing anything, 
;he men were ordered back to their homes. But the 
energy Gen. Jackson had displayed, and his entire 
devotion to the comrfort of his soldiers, won him 
golden opinions; and he became the most popular 
man in the State. It was in this expedition that his 
toughness gave him the nickname of " Old Hickory. ' 

Soon after this, while attempting to horsewhip Col. 
Thomas H. Benton, for a remark that gentleman 
made about his taking a part as second in a duel, in 
which a younger brother of Benton's was engaged, 
he received two severe pistol wounds. While he was 
lingering upon a bed of suffering news came that the 
Indians, who had combined under Tecumseh from 
Florida to the Lakes, to exteniiinate the white set- 
tlers, were committing the most awful ravages. De- 
cisive action became necessary. Gen. Jackson, with 
his fractured bone just beginning to heal, his arm in 
a sling, and unable to mount his horse without assis- 
tance, gave his amazing energies to the raising of an 
army to rendezvous at Favettesville, Alabama. 

The Creek Indians had established a strong fort on 
one of the bendsof the Tallapoosa River, near the cen- 
ter of Alabama, about fifty miles below Fort Strother. 
vVith an armv of two thousand men. Gen. Jackson 
traversed the pathless wilderness in a march of eleven 
Jays. He reached their fort, called Tohopeka or 
Horse-shoe, on tHe 27th of Marcli. 1814. The bend 

of the river enclosed nearly one hundred acres 01" 
tangled forest and wild ravine. Across the narrow 
neck the Indians had constructed a formidable 
work of logs and brush. Here nine hundred warriors, 
with an ample suply of arms were assembled. 

The fort was stormed. The fight was utterly des- 
perate. Not an Indian would accept of quarter. When 
bleeding and dying, they would fight those who en- 
deavored to spare their lives. From ten in the morn- 
ing until dark, the battle raged. The carnage was 
awful and revolting. Some threw themselves into the 
river; but the unerring bullet struck their heads as 
they swam. Nearly ever)one of the nine liundred war- 
rios were killed A few probably, in tlie night, swam 
the river and escaped. 'This ended the war. The 
]X3wer of the Creeks was broken forever. This bold 
plunge into the wilderness, with its terriffic slaughter, 
so appalled the savages, that the haggard remnants 
of the bands came to the camp, begging for peace. 

This closing of the Creek war enabled us to con- 
centrate all our militia upon the British, who were the 
allies of the Indians No man of less resolute will 
than Gen. Jackson could have conducted this Indian 
campaign to so successful an issue Immediately he 
was appointed major-general. 

Late in .August, with an army of two thousand 
men, on a rushing march, Gen. Jackson came to 
Mobile. A British fleet came from Pensacola, landed 
a force upon the beach, anchored near the little fort, 
and from both ship and shore commenced a furious 
assault The battle was long and doubtful. At length 
one of the ships was blown up and the rest retired. 

Garrisoning Mobile, where he had taken his little 
army, he moved his troops to New Orleans, 
And the battle of New Orleans which soon ensued, 
was in reality a very arduous campaign. This won 
for Gen. Jackson an imperishable name. Here his 
troops, which numbered about four thousand men, 
won a signal victory over the British army of about 
nine thousand. His loss was but thirteen, while the 
loss of the British was two thousand six hundred. 

The name of Gen. Jackson soon began to be men- 
tioned in connection with the Presidency, but, in 1824, 
he was defeated by Mr. Adams. He was, however, 
successful in the election of 1S28, and was re-elected 
for a second term in 1S32. In 1829, just before he 
assumed the reins of the government, he met with 
the most terrible affliction of his life in the death of 
his wife, whom he had loved with a devotion which has 
perhaps never been surpassed. From the shock of 
her death he never recovered. 

His administration was one of the most memorable 
in the annals of our country; applauded oyone party, 
condemned bv the other. No man had more bitter 
enemies or warmer friends. At the expiration of his 
two terms of oflice he retired to the Hermit^ige, where 
I he died lune S, 1S45. The last years of Mr. Jack- 
I sou's life were that of a devoted Christian man. 

/ 7 

/. ^L^//.J ^:k^-uc^^ 



eighth President of the 
L nited States, was born at 
Ki iderhook, N. Y., Dec. 5, 
17S2. He died at the same 
ce, July 24, 1S62. His 
Indy rests in the cemeter)' 
"^ l\i\^ " ^' Kinderhook. Above it is 
^yS^P\^ a plain granite shaft fifteen feet 
high, bearing a simple inscription 
about halt way up on one face. 
The lot is unfenced, unbordered 
or unbounded by shnib or flower. 

There is but little in the life of Martin Van Bureu 
of romantic interest. He fought no battles, engaged 
in no wild adventures. Though his life was stormy in 
political and intellectual conflicts, and he gained many 
signal victories, his days passed uneventful in those 
incidents which give zest to biography. His an- 
cestors, as his name indicates, were of Dutch origin, 
and were among the earliest emigrants from Holland 
to the banks of the Hudson. His father was a f;iniier, 
residing in the old town of Kinderhook. His mother, 
also of Dutch lineage, was a woman of superior intel- 
ligence and e.xemplary piety. 

.■fe was decidedly a precocious boy, developing un- 
usual activity, vigor and strength of mind. .At the 
age of fourteen, he had finished his academic studies 
.11 his native village, and commenced the study of 
^aw_ .\^ he I'ad not a collegiate education, seven 
years ot study in a law-office were re p.iired of him 
'before he could be admitted to the bar. Insjiired with 
■J. lofty ambition, and conscious of his jxjwers, he [iiir- 
sued his studies with indefatigable industry. .After 
spending si-c yeirs in an office in '•is native village. 

he went to the city of .\ew York, and prosecuted his 
studies for the seventh year. 

In 1S03, Mr. Van Buren, then twenty-one years of 
age, commenced the practice of law in his native vil- 
lage. The great conflict between the Federal and 
Republican party was then at its height. Mr. Van 
Buren was from the beginning a politician. He had, 
perhaps, imbibed that spirit while listening to the 
many discussions which had been carried on in his 
father's hotel. He was in cordial sympathy with 
Jefferson, and earnestly and eloquendy espoused the 
cause of State Rights; though at that time the Fed- 
eral party held the supremacy both in his town 
and State. 

His success and increasing ruputation led him 
after six years of practice, to remove to Hudson, th^ 
county seat of his county. Here he spent seven years, 
constantly gaining strength by contending in thi 
courts with some of the ablest men who have adorned 
the bar of his State. 

Just before leaving Kinderhook for Hudson, Mi. 
Van Buren married a lady alike distinguished fof 
beauty and accomplishments. After twelve short 
years she sank into the grave, the victim of consump. 
tion, leaving her husband and four sons to weep ovei 
her loss. For twenty-five years, Mr. Van Buren wai^ 
an earnest, successful, assiduous lawyer. The record 
of tJKjse years is barren in items of public interest. 
In rS I 2, when thirty years of age, he was chosen to 
the State Senate, and gave his strenuous support to 
Mr. Madison's adminstration. In iSi^, he was ap- 
[lointed Attorney-General, and the next year moved 
to .Albany, the capital of the State. 

'.Vhile he was acknowledged as one of the most 
Ii.ominent leaders of th« Democritic party, he had 



the moral courage to avow that true democracy did 
not require that " universal suffrage" which admits 
the vile, the degraded, the ignorant, to the right of 
governing the State. In true consistency with his 
democratic principles, he contended that, while the 
path leading to the privilege of voting should be open 
to ever)- man without distinction, no one should be 
invested with that sacred prerogative, unless he were 
in some degree qualified for it by intelligence, virtue 
and some property interests in the welfare of the 

In 1S21 he was elected r. member of the United 
States Senate; and in the same year, he took a seat 
in the convention to revise the constitution of his 
native State. His course in this convention secured 
the approval of men of all parties. No one could 
doubt the singleness of his endeavors to promote the 
interests of all classes in the community. In the 
Senate of the United States, he rose at once to a 
~:onspicuous Dosition as an active and useful legislator. 

In 1827, John Quincy Adams beirg then in the 
Presidential chair, Mr. Van Buren was re-elected to 
;he Senate. He had been from the beginning a de- 
;ermined opposer of the .Administration, adopting the 
■'State Rights " view in opposition to what was 
leeraed the Federal proclivities of Mr. Adams. 

Soon after this, in 1828, he was chosen Governorof 
the State of New York, and accordingly resigned his 
■5eat in the Senate. Probably no one in the United 
States contributed so much towards ejecting John Q. 
^daras from the Presidential chair, and placing in it 
Andrew Jackson, as did Martin Van Buren. Whetlier 
entitled to the reputation or not, he certainly was re- 
garded throughout the United States as one of the 
most skillful, sagacious and cunning of politicians. 
It w'as supposed that no one knew so well as he how 
:o touch the secret springs of action; how to pull all 
the wires to put his machinery in motion; and how to 
organize a political army whicli would, secretly and 
ste.-'Uhily accomplish the most gigantic results. By 
these powers it is said that he outv.ntted Mr. Adams, 
Mr. Clay, Mr. Webster, and secured results which 
few thought then could be accomplished. 

When .\ndrew Jackson was elected President he 
ap{K,inted Mr. Van Buren Secretary of State. This 
position he resigned in 1831, and was immediately 
appointed Minister to England, where he went the 
same autumn. The Senate, however, wlien it met, 
'efused to ratify the nomination, and he returned 

home, apparently untroubled; was nominated Vice 
President in the place of Calhoun, at the re-election 
of President Jackson; and with smiles for all and 
frowns for none, he took his place at the head of tliat 
Senate which refused to confirm his nomination 
as ambassador. 

His rejection by the Senate roused all the zeal of 
President Jackson in behalf of his repudiated favor- 
ite; and this, probably more than any other cause 
secured his elevation to the chair of the Chief E.xecu 
tive. On the 20th of May, 1836, Mr. Van Buren re- 
ceived the Democratic nomination to succeed Gen. 
Jackson as President of the United States, He was 
elected by a handsome majority, to the delight of the 
retiring President. " Leaving New York out of the 
canvass," says Mr. Parton, "the election of Mr. Van 
Buren to the Presidency was as much the act of Gen. 
Tackson as though the Constitution had conferred 
uixm him the power to appoint a successor." 

His administration was filled with exciting events. 
'I"he insurrection in Canada, which threatened to in- 
volve this country in war with England, the agitation 
of the slavery question, and finally the great commer- 
cial panic which spread over the country, all were 
trials to his wisdom. The financial distress was at- 
tributed to the management of the Democratic party, 
and brought the President into such disfavor that he 
failed of re-election. 

With the exception of being nominated for the 
Presidency by the "Free Soil" Democrats, in 184S, 
Mr. Van Buren lived quietly upon his estate until 
his death. 

He had ever been a prudent man, of frugal habits, 
and living within his income, had now fortunately a 
competence for his declining years. His unblemished 
character, his commanding abilities, his unquestioned 
patriotism, and the distinguished positions which he 
had occupied in the government of our country, se- 
cured to him not only the homage of his party, but 
the respect ot the whole community. It was on the 
4th of March, 1S41, that Mr. Van Buren retired from 
the presidency. From his fine estate at Lindenwald, 
he still exerted a powerful influence upon the politics 
of the country. From this time until his death, on 
the 24th of July, 1S62, at the age of eighty years, he 
resided at Lindenwald, a gentleman of leisure, of 
culture and of wealth; enjoying in a healthy old 
age, probably far more happiness than he had before 
experienced amid the stormy scenes of his active life. 

tt^. M ^^.-zi 



SON, the ninth President of 
the United States, was born 
It Berkeley, Vx, Feb. 9, 1773. 
Hii father, Benjaraiji Harri- 
-■on was in comparatively op- 
ulent circumstances, and was 
one of the most distinguished 
men of his div. He was an 
intimate friend of George 
Washington, « as early elected 
a member of the Continental 
Congress, and was conspicuous 
among the patriots of Virginia in 
resisting the encroachments of the 
Fntish crown. In the celebrated 
Congress of 1775, Benjamin Har- 
ris jn and John Hancock were 
1 oth candidates for the office of 
[ eaker. 
Mr Harrison was subsequently 
Lliosen Governor of Virginia, and 
ivas twice re-elected. His son, 
i William Henrj-, of course enjoyed 

in childhood all the advantages which wealth and 
intellectual and cultivated society could give. Hav- 
ing received a thorough common-school education, he 
entered Hampden Sidnev College, where he graduated 
witli lionor soon ifter the death of his father. He 
'-hen repaired to Philadelphia to study medicine under 
the instructions of Dr. Rush and the guardianship of 
iobert Morris, both of whom were, with his father, 
■"igners of the Declaration of Independence. 

ifpon the outbreak of the Indian troubles, and not- 
withstanding the 'emonsliances of his friends, he 
-loandoned his medical studies and entered the army, 
.laving obtained I commission of Ensign from Presi- 

dent Washington. He was then but 19 years old. 
I From that time he passed gradually upward in rank 
until he became aid to General Wayne, after wliose 
death he resigned his commission. He was then aiv 
ixjinted Secretary of the North-western Territorj-. This 
Territory was then entitled to but one member in 
Congress and Capt. Harrison was chosen to fill that 

In the spring of iSoo the North-western Territory 
was divided by Congress into two portions. The 
eastern portion, comprising the region now embraced 
in the State of Ohio, was called '■ The Territory 
north-west of the Ohio." The western portion, which 
included what is now called Indiana, Illinois and 
\\'isconsin, was called the "Indiana Territory." U'il. 
liam Henry Harrison, then 2-j years of a:;e, was ap 
pointed by John Adams, Governor of the Indiana 
Territory, and immediately after, also Governor of 
Upper Louisiana. He was thus ruler over almost as 
extensive a realm as any sovereign upon the globe. He 
was Superintendent of Indian Affairs, and was in- 
vested with powers neady dictatorial over the new 
rapidly increasing white population. The abilitv and 
fidelity with which he discharged these responsible 
duties may be inferred from the fact that he was four 
times appointed to this office — first by John Adams 
twice by Thomas Jefferson and afterwards by Presi- 
dent Madison. 

When he began his adminstration there we.'-e but 
three white settlements in that almost boundless retnon, 
now crowded with cities and resounding with all the 
tumult of wealth and traffic. Oneof these settlements 
was on the Ohio, nearly opposite Louisville; one at 
Vincennes, on the Wabash, and the third a French 

The vast wilderness over which Gov. Hamsoi. 
reigned was filled with many tribes of Indians. Abon' 


the year iSo6, two extraordinary men, twin brothers, 
of the Shawnese tribe, rose among them. One ot 
these was called Tecumseh, or " The Crouching 
Panther;" the other, OUiwacheca, or " The Prophet." 
Tecumseh was not only an Indian warrior, but a man 
of great sagacity, far-reaching foresight and indomit- 
able perseverance in any enterprise in which he might 
engage. He was inspired with the highest enthusiasm, 
and had long regarded u-ith dread and with hatred 
the encroachment of the whites upon the hunting- 
grounds of his fathers. His brother, tlie Prophet, was 
an orator, who could sway the feelings of the untutored 
Indian as the gale tossed the tree-tops beneath which 
tliey dwelt. 

But the Prophet was not merely an orator: he was, 
ill the superstitious minds of the Indians, invested 
with the superhuman dignity of a medicine-man or a 
magician. With an enthusiasm unsurpassed by Peter 
the Hermit rousing Europe to the crusades, he went 
from tribe to tribe, assuming that he was specially sent 
by the Great Spirit. 

Gov. Harrison made many attempts to conciliate 
the Indians, but at last the war came, and at Tippe- 
canoe the Indians were routed with great slaughter. 
(October 2S, 1812, his army began its march. When 
near the Prophet's town three Indians of rank made 
their appearance and inquired why Gov. Harrison was 
approaching them in so hostile an attitude. After a 
short conference, arrangements were made for a meet- 
ing the next day, to agree upon terms of peace. 

But Gov. Harrison was too well acquainted with 
the Indian character to be deceived by such protes- 
tations Selecting a favorable spot for his night's en- 
campment, he took every precaution against surprise. 
His troops were posted in a hollow square, and slept 
upon their arms. 

The troops threw themselves upon the ground for 
rest; but every man had his accourtrements on, his 
loaded musket by his side, and his bayonet fixed. The 
wakeful Governor, between three and four o'clock in 
the morning, had risen, and was sitting in conversa- 
tion with his aids by the embers of a waning fire. It 
was a chill, cloudy morning with a drizzling rain. In 
the darkness, the Indians had crept as near as possi- 
l)le, and j'lst then, with a savage yell, rushed, with all 
the desperation which superstition and passion most 
highly inflamed could give, upon the left flank of the 
little army. The savages had been amply provided 
with guns and ammunition by the English. Their 
war-whoop was accompained by a shower of bullets. 

The camp-fires were instantly extinguished, as the 
light aided the Indians in their aim. With hide- 
dus yells, the Indian bands rushed on, not doubting a 
S|ieedy and an entire victory. But Gen. Harrison's 
troops stood as immovable as the rocks around them 
until day dawned ; they then made a simultaneous 
charge with the bayonet, and swept every thing be- 
fore them, and completely routing tfip foe. 

Gov. Harrison now had all his energies tasked 
to the utmost. The British desce:iding from the Can- 
adas, were of themselves a very formidaliie forte ; but 
with their savage allies, rushing like wolvea from the 
forest, sear.hing out every remote farm-house, burn-' 
ing, plundering, scalping, torturing, the wide frontier 
was plunged into a state of consternation which even 
the most vivid imagination can but faintly conceive. 
The war-whoop was resounding everywhere -in the 
forest. The horizon was illuminated with the conflagra- 
tion of the cabins of the settlers. Gen Hull had made 
the ignominious surrender of his forces at Detroit. 
Under these desjjairing circumstances. Gov. Harrison 
was appointed by President Madison commander-in- 
chief of the Nortii-western army, with orders to retake 
Detroit, and to protect the frontiers. 

It would be diflicult to place a man in a situation 
demanding more energy, sagacity and courage; but 
General Harrison was found equal to the position, 
and nobly and triumphantly did he meet all the re 

He won the love of his soldiers by ab.vays sharino 
with them their fatigue. His whole baggage, while 
pursuing the foe up the Thames, was carried in a 
valise; and his bedding consisted of a single blanket 
lashed over his saddle. Thirty-five British officers, 
his prisoners of war, supped with him after the battle. 
The only fare he could give them was beef roasted 
before the fire, without bread or salt. 

In iSr6, Gen. Harrison was chosen a member ot 
the National House of Representatives, to represent 
the District of Ohio. In Congress he proved an 
active member; and whenever he spoke, it was with 
force of reason and power of eloquence, which arrested 
the attention of all the members. 

In 1S19, Harrison was elected to the Senate ol 
Ohio; and in 1824, as one of the presidential electors 
of that State, he gave his vote for Henry Clay. The 
same year he was chosen to the United States Senate. 

In 1836, the friends of Gen. Harrison brought hiin 
forward as a candidate for the Presidency against 
Van Buren, but he was defeated. At the close of 
Mr. Van Buren's term, he was re-notnirated by his 
party, and Mr. Harrison was unanimou.sly nominated 
by the Whigs, with John Tyler for the Vice Presidency. 
The contest was very aniinated. Gen Jackson gave 
all his influence to prevent Harrison's election ; but 
his triumph was signal. 

The cabinet which he formed, with Daniel Webster 
at its head as Secretary of State, was one of the most 
brilliant with which anv President had ever been 
surrounded. Never were the prospects of an admin- 
istration more flattering, or the hopes of the country 
more sanguine. In the midst of these bright and 
joyous prospects, Gen. Harrison was seized by a 
pleurisv-fever and after a few days of violent sick- 
ness, died on the 4th of .Apnl ; just one month after 
his inauguration as President of the United States. 

*jA* « 

*i -'i^ i 





\ OHN TYLER, the tenth 
^iii Presidentof the United States. 
1 He was born in Charles-city 
\ Co., Va., March 29, 1790. He 
was the favored child of af- 
fluence and high social po- 
sition. At the early age of 
twelve, John entered William 
and Mar,- College and grad- 
uated with much honor when 
but seventeen years old. After 
graduating, he devoted him- 
self with great assiduity to the 
study of law, partly with his 
father and partly with Edmund 
Randolph, one of the most distin- 
guished lawyers of Virginia. 

At nineteen years of age, ne 
commenced the practice of law. 
His success was rapid and aston- 
ishing. It is said that three 
months had not elapsed ere there 
was scarcely a case on the dock- 
et of the court in which he was 
i.jt retained. 'When but twenty-one years of age, he 
was almost unanimously elected to a seat in the State 
Legislature. He connected himself with the Demo- 
cratic party, and warmly advocated the measures of 
Jefferson and Madison. For five successive years he 
Was elected to the Legislature, receiving nearly the 
unanimous vote or his county. 

When but twenty-six years of age, he was elected 
a member of Congress. Here he acted earnestly and 
ably w'.ih the Democratic party, opposing a national 
bank, inter"!' improvements by the General '"n;vern- 

ment, a protective tariff, and advocatmg a strict con- 
struction of the Constitution, and the most careful 
vigilance over State rights. His labors in Congress 
were so arduous that before the close of his second 
term he found it necessary to resign and retire to his 
estate in Charles-city Co., to recruit his health. He, 
however, soon after consented to take his seat in the 
State Legislature, where his influence was powerful 
in promoting public works of great utility. With a 
reputation thus canstantly increasing, he was chosen 
by a very large majority of votes, Governor of his 
native State. His administration was signally a suc- 
cessful one. His popularity secured his re-election. 

John Randolph, a brilliant, erratic, half-crazed 
man, then represented Virginia in the Senate of the 
United States. A jxirtion of the Democratic party 
was displeased with Mr. Randolph's wayward course, 
and brought forward John Tyler as his opponent, 
considering him the only man in Virginia of sufficient 
popularity to succeed against the renowned orator of 
Roanoke. Mr. Tyler was the victor. 

In accordance with his professions, upon taking his 
seat in the Senate, he joined the ranks of the opposi- 
tion. He opposed the tariff; he spoke against and 
voted against the bank as unconstitutional ; he stren- 
uously opposed all restrictions upon slaver)-, resist- 
ing all projects of internal improvements by the Gen- 
eral Government, and avowed his svrapathy with Mr. 
Calhoun's view of nullification ; he declared that Gen. 
Jackson, by his op]X)sition to the nullifiers, had 
abandoned the principles of the Democratic party. 
Such was Mr. Tyler's record in Congress, — a record 
in perfect accordance with the principles which he 
had always avowed. 

Returning to Virginia, he resumed the practice of 
liis profession. There was a rplii in the Democrat!, 


/arty. His friends still regarded him as a true Jef- 
lersonian, gave him a dinner, and showered compli- 
ments upon him. He had now attained the age of 
forly-si.\. His career had been very brilliant. In cori- 
sequence of his devotion to public business, his pri- 
vate affairs had fallen into some disorder; and it was 
not without satisfaction that he resumed the practice 
of law, and devoted himself to the culture of his plan- 
tation. Soon after this he renio\ed to Williamsburg, 
for the better education of his children; and he again 
took his seat in the Legislature of Virginia. 

By the Southern Whigs, he was sent to the national 
convention at Harrisburg to nominate a President in 
'S39. The majority of votes were given to Gen. Har- 
rison, a genuine Whig, much to the disappointment of 
the South, who wished for Henry Clay. To concili- 
ate the Southern Whigs and to secure their vote, the 
convention then nominated John Tyler for Vice Pres- 
ident. It was well known that he was not in sympa- 
thy with the Whig party in the North : but the Vice 
President has but very little power in the Govern- 
ment, his main and almost only duty being to pre- 
side over the meetings of the Senate. Thus it hap- 
pened that a Whig President, and, in reality, a 
Democratic Vice President were chosen. 

In 1S41, Mr. Tyler was inaugurated Vice Presi- 
dent of the United States. In one short month from 
that time. President Harrison died, and Mr. Tyler 
thus .;und himself, to his own surprise and that of 
the whole Nation, an occupant of the Presidential 
chair. This was a new test of the stability of our 
institutions, as it was the first time in the history of our 
country that such an event had occured. Mr. Tyler 
was at home in Williamsburg when he received the 
une.xpected tidings of the death of President Harri- 
son. He hastened to Washington, and on the 6th of 
.'^-ril v/as inaugurated to the high and responsible 
Office. He was placed in a (Xisition of exceeding 
delicacy and difficulty. All his long life he had been 
opiX)sed tc the main principles of the party which had 
brought him into power. He had ever been a con- 
sistent, hont:t man, with an unblemished record. 
Gen. Harrison had selected a Whig cabinet. Should 
he retain them, and thus surround himself with coun- 
sellors whose views were antagonistic to his own? or, 
on the other hand, should he turn against the party 
which had elected him and select a cabinet in har- 
mony with himself, and which would oppose all those 
views which the Whigs deemed essential to the pub- 
lic welfare? This was his fearful dilemma. He in- 
vited the cabinet which President Harjison had 
t-elected to retain their seats. He reccomm-nded a 
day of fasting and prayer, that God would guide and 
bless us. 

The Whigs carried through Congress a bill for the 
incorporation of a fiscal bank of the United States. 
The President, after ten days' delay, returned it with 
his veto. Hf ■suggested, however, that he -would 

approve of a bill drawn up ujxjn such a plan as he 
proixjsed. Such a bill was accordingly prepared, and 
privately Eubmitted to him. He gave it his approval. 
It was passed without alteration, and he sent it back 
%vith his veto. Here commenced the open rupture. ■ 
It is said that Mr. Tyler was provoked to this meas- 
ure by a published letter from the Hon. John M. 
Botts, a distinguished Virginia Whig, who severely 
touched the pride of the President. 

The opposition now e.xultingly received the Presi- 
dent into their arms. The party which elected him 
denounced him bitterly. All the members of his 
cabinet, excepting Mr. Webster, resigned. The Whigs 
of Congress, both the Senate and the House, held a 
meeting and issued an address to the people of the 
United States, proclaiming that all political alliance 
between the Whigs and President Tyler were at 
an end. 

Still the President attempted to conciliate. He 
appointed a new cabinet of distinguished W'higs and 
Conservatives, carefully leaving out all strong party 
men. Mr. Webster soon found it necessary to resign, 
forced out by the pressure of his Whig friends. Thus 
the four years of Mr. Tyler's unfortunate administra- 
tion passed sadly away. No one was satisfied. The 
land was filled with murmurs and vituperation. Whigs 
and Democrats alike assailed him. More and more, 
however, he brought himself into sympathy with his 
old friends, the Democrats, until at the close of his term, 
he gave his whole influence to the support of Mr. 
Polk, the Democratie candidate for his successor. 

On the 4th of March, 1S45, he retired from the 
harassments of office, to the regret of neither party, and 
probably to his own unspeakable lelief His first wife, 
Miss Letitia Christian, died in Washington, in 1S42; 
and in June, 1S44, President Tyler was again married, 
at New York, to Nfiss Julia Gardiner, a young lady of 
many personal and intellectual accomplishments. 

The remainder of his days Mr. Tyler passed mainly 
in retirement at his beautiful home, — Sheruood For- 
est, Charles-city Co., Va. A polished gentleman in 
his manners, richly furnished with information from 
books and e.xperience in the world, and possessing 
brilliant powers of conversation, his family circle was 
the scene of unnsual attr.ictions. With sufficient 
means for the exercise of a generous hospitality, he 
might have enjoyed a serene old age with the few 
friends who gathered around him, were it not for the 
storms of civil war which his own principles and 
policy had helped to introduce. 

When the great Rebellion rose, which the State, 
rights and nullifying doctrines of Mr. John C. Cal- 
houn had inaugurated. President Tyler renounced his 
allegiance to the United States, and joined the Confed- 
erates. He was chosen a member of their Congress; 
and while engaged in active measures to destroy, b" 
force of arms, the Government over which he had 
once presided, he was taken sick and soon died. 






•WIES K. POLK, the eleventh 

■ J'aPrebident of the United States, 

. •-J was born in Mecklenburg Co., 

N C , Nov. 2, 1795. His par- 

^ ents were Samuel and Jane 

(Kno\) Polk, the former a son 

of Col Thomas Polk, who located 

at the above place, as one of the 

firbt pioneers, in 1735. 

In the year 1006, with his wife 
and children, and soon after fol- 
lowed by most of the members of 
the Polk fainly, Samuel Polk emi- 
grated some two or three hundred 
miles farther west, to the rich valley 
of the Duck River. Here in the 
midst of the wilderness, in a region 
which was subsequently called Mau- 
ry Co., they reared their log huts, 
and established their homes. In the 
hard toil of a new farm in the wil- 
derness, James K. Polk spent the 
\(iij/ early years of his childhood and 
feSi youth. His father, adding the pur- 
'f suit of a surveyor to that of a farmer, 
gradually increased in wealth until 
he became one of the leading men of the region. His 
mother was a superior woman, of strong common 
sense and earnest piety. 

Very early in life, James developed a taste for 
reading and e.xpressed the strongest desire to obtain 
a liberal education. His mother's training had made 
iiim methodical in his habits, had taught him punct- 
uality and industry, and had inspired him with lofty 
|)rinciples of morality. His health was frail ; and his 
father, fearing that he might not be able to endure a 

sedentary life, got a situation for him behind the 
counter, hoping to fit him for commercial pursuits. 

This was to James a bitter disappointment. He 
had no taste for these duties, and his daily tasks 
were irksome in the e.xtreme. He remained in this 
uncongenial occupation but a few weeks, when at his 
earnest solicitation his father removed him, and made 
arrangements for him to prosecute his studies. Soon 
after he sent him to Murfreesboro Academy. \Vith 
ardor which could scarcely be surpassed, he pressed 
forward in his studies, and in less than two and a half 
years, in the autumn of 1S15, entered the sophomore 
class in the University of North Carolina, at Chapel 
Hill. Here he was one of the most exemplary of 
scholars, punctual in every exercise, never allowing 
himself to be absent from a recitation or a religious 

He graduated in 181S, with the highest honors, be- 
ing deemed the best scholar of his class, both in 
mathematics and the classics. He was then twenty- 
three years of age. Mr. Polk's health was at this 
time much impaired by the assiduity with which he 
had prosecuted his studies. After a short season of 
rela.xation he -went to NashWlle, and entered the 
office of Feli.x Grundy, to study law. Here Mr. Polk 
renewed his acquaintance with .Andrew Jackson, who 
resided on his plantation, the Hermitage, but a few 
miles from Nashville. They had probably been 
slightly acquainted before. 

Mr. Polk's father was a Jeffersonian Republican, 
and James K. Polk ever adhered to the same politi- 
cal faith. He was a popular public speaker, and was 
constantly called upon to address the meetings of his 
party friends. His skill as a speaker was such that 
he was popularly called the Napoleon of the stump. 
He was a man of unblemished morals, genial and 


/.4A/ES K. POLK. 

toarterus in his bearing, and with that sympathetic 
nature in the joys and griefs of others which ever gave 
him troops of friends. In 18:3, Mr. Polk was elected 
to the Legislature of Tennessee. Here he gave his 
strong influence towards the election of his friend, 
Mr. Jackson, to the Presidency of the United States. 

In January, 1S24, Mr. Polk married Miss Sarah 
Childress, of Rutherford Co., Tenn. His bride was 
altogether worthy of him, — a lady of beauty and cul- 
ture. In the fall of 1825, Mr. Polk was chosen a 
member of Congress. The satisfaction which he gave 
to his constituents may be inferred from the fact, that 
for fourteen successive years, until 1839, he was con- 
tinued in that office. He then voluntarily withdrew, 
only I'nat he might accept the Gubernatorial chair 
of T'^nnessee. In Congress he was a laborious 
member, a frequent and a popular speaker. He was 
always in his seat, always courteous ; and whenever 
he spoke it was always to the point, and without any 
ambitious rhetorical displav. 

During five sessions of Congress, Mr. Polk was 
Speaker of the House Strong passions were roused, 
and stormy scenes were witnessed ; but Mr. Polk per- 
formed his arduous duties to a very general satisfac- 
tion, and a unanimous vote of thanks to him was 
passed by the Hou^e as he withdrew on the 4th of 
March, 1839. 

In accordance with Southern usage, Mr. Polk, as a 
candidate for Governor, canvassed the State. He was 
elected by a large majority, and on the 14th of Octo- 
ber, 1S39, took the oath of office at Nashville. In 1S41, 
his term of office expired, and he was again the can- 
didate of the Democratic party, but was defeated. 

On the 4th of March, 1845, Mr. Polk was inaugur- 
ated President of the United States. The verdict of 
the countryin favor of the annexation of Texas, exerted 
its influence upon Congress ; and the last act of the 
administration of President Tyler was to affix his sig- 
nature to a joint resolution of Congress, passed on the 
3d of March, approving of the annexation of Texas to 
the American Union. As Mexico still claimed Texas 
as one of her provinces, the Mexican minister, 
.Mmonte, immediately demanded his passports and 
left the country, declaring the act of the annexation 
to be an act hostile to Mexico. 

!n his first message. President Polk urged that 
Texas should immediately, by act of Congress, be re- 
ceived into the Union on the same footing with the 
Other States. In the meantime. Gen. Taylor was sent 

with an army into Texas to hold the country. He was 
sent first to Nueces, which the Mexicans said was the 
western boundary of Te.\as. Then he was sent nearly 
two hundred miles further west, to the Rio Grande, 
where he erected batteries which commanded the 
Mexican city of Matamoras, which was situated on 
the western banks. 

The anticipated collision soon took place, and wai 
was declared against Mexico by President Polk. The 
war was pushed forward by Mr. Polk's administration 
with great vigor. Gen. Taylor, whose army was first 
called one of "observation," then of "occupation," 
then of "invasion, "was sent forward to Monterey. The 
feeble Mexicans, in every encounter, were hopelessly 
and awfully slaughtered. The day of judgement 
alone can reveal the misery which this war caused. 
It v/as by the ingenuity of Mr. Polk's administration 
that the war was brought on. 

'To the victors belong the spoils." Mexico was 
prostrate before us. Her capital was in our hands. 
We now consented to peace upon the condition that 
Mexico should surrender to us, in addirion to Texas, 
all of New Mexico, and all of Upper and Lower Cal- 
ifornia. This new demand embraced, exclusive of 
Texas, eight hundred thousand square miles. This 
was an extent of territory equal to nine States of the 
size of New York. Thus slavery was securing eighteen 
majestic States to be added to the Union. There were 
some Americans who thought it all right : there were 
others who thought it all ^wrong. In the prosecution 
of this war, we expended twenty thousand lives and 
more than a hundred million of dollars, Of this 
money fifteen millions were paid to Mexico. 

On the 3d of March, 1S49, Mr. Polk retired from 
office, having served one term. The next day was 
Sunday. On the 5th, Gen. Taylor was inaugurated 
as his successor. .Mr Polk rode to the Capitol in the 
same carriage with Gen. Taylor; and the same even- 
ing, with Mrs. Polk, he commenced his return to 
Tennessee. He was then but fifty-four years of age. 
He had ever been strictly temperate in all his habits, 
and his health was good. With an ample fortune, 
a choice library, a cultivated mind, and domestic ties 
of the dearest nature, it seemed as though long years 
of tranquility and happiness were before .him. But the 
cholera— that fearful scourge — was then sweeping up 
the Valley of the Mississippi. This he contracted, 
and died on the 15th of June, 1849, in the fiftv-fourth 
year of his age, greatly mourned by his countrymen. 


'7c^^>/[^^'y, y^yt^./^^- 







^ 1 ACHARY TAYLOR, twelfth 
^ President of the United States, 
"was born on the 24th of Nov., 
1 7 84, in Orange Co., Va. His 
father. Colonel Taylor, was 
a Virginian of note, and a dis- 
tinguished patriot and soldier of 
the Revolution. When Zachary 
was an infant, his father with his 
wife and two children, emigrated 
to Kentucky, where he settled in 
the pathless wilderness, a few 
miles from Louisville. In this front- 
ier home, away from civilization and 
all its refinements, young Zachary 
could enjoy but few social and educational advan- 
tages. When si.x years of age he attended a common 
school, and was then regardi'd as a bright, active boy, 
rather remarkable for bluntness and decision of char- 
acter He was strong, fearless and self-reliant, and 
manifested a strong desire to enter the army to fight 
the Indians who were ravaging the frontiers. There 
is little to be recorded of the uneventful years of his 
childhood on his father's large but lonely plantation. 
In rSoS, his father succeeded in obtaining for him 
the commission of lieutenant in the United States 
army ; and he joined the troops which were stationed 
at New (Orleans under Gen. Wilkinson. Soon after 
this he married Miss Margaret Smith, a young lady 
from one of the first families of Maryland. 

Immediately after the declaration of war with Eng- 
land, in iSi2, Capt. Taylor (for he had then been 
promoted to that rank) was put in command of Fort 
Harrison, on the Wabash, about fifty miles above 
Vincennes. This fort had been built in the wilder- 
ness by Gen. Harrison. on his marcli to Tippecanoe. 
It was one of the first points of attack by the Indians, 
:ed by Tecumseh. Its garrison consisted of a broken 

company of infantry numbering fifty men, many of 
\yhom were sick. 

Early in the autumn of r8i2, the Indians, stealthily, 
and in large numbers, moved upon the fort. Their 
approach was first indicated by the murder of two 
soldiers just outside of the stockade. Capt. Taylor 
made every possible preparation to meet the antici- 
pated assault. On the 4th of September, a band of 
forty painted and plumed savages came to the fort, 
waving a white flag, and informed Capt. Taylor that 
in the morning their chief would come to have a talk 
with him. It was evident that their object was merely 
to ascertain the state of things at the fort, and Capt. 
Taylor, well versed in the wiles of the savages, kept 
them at a distance. 

The sun went down; the savages disappeared, the 
garrison slept upon their arms. One hour before 
midnight the war-whoop burst from a thousand lips 
in the forest around, followed by the discharge of 
musketry, and the rush of the foe. Every man, sick 
and well, sprang to his post. Every man knew that 
defeat was not merely death, but in the case of cap- 
ture, death by the most agonizing and prolonged tor- 
ture. No pen can describe, no immagination can 
conceive the scenes which ensued. The savages suc- 
ceeded in setting fire to one of the block-houses- 
Until si.x o'clock in the morning, this awful conflict 
continued. The savages then, baffled at every point, 
and gnashing their teeth with rage, retired. Capt. 
Taylor, for this gallant defence, was promoted to the 
rank of major by brevet. 

Until the close of the war. Major Taylor was placed 
in such situations that he saw but little more of active 
service. He was sent far away into the depths of the 
wilderness, to Fort Crawford, on Fu.x River, which 
empties into Green Bay. Here there was but little 
to be done but to wear away the tedious hours as one 
best could. There were no books, no society, no in- 



tellectual stimulus. Thus with hira the uneventful 
years rolled on Gradually he rose to the rank ot 
colonel. In the Black-Hawk war, which resulted in 
the capture of that renowned chieftain, Col Taylor 
took a subordinate but a brave and efficient part. 

For twenty-four years Col. Taylor was engaged in 
the defence of the frontiers, in scenes so re i te, and in 
jemplovments so obscure, that his name was unknown 
"beyond the limits of his own immediate acquaintance. 
In the year 1S36, he was sent to Florida to compel 
the Seminole Indians to vacate that region and re- 
tire bevond the Mississippi, as their chiefs by treaty, 
iiac* promised they should do. The services rendered 
iieie secured for Col. Taylor the high appreciation of 
ihe Government; and as a reward, he was elevated 
)c '.he rank of brigadier-general by brevet ; and soon 
ifter, in May, 1S3S, was appointed to the chief com- 
mand of the United States troops in Florida. 

After two years of such wearisome employment 
iniidst the everglades of tlte peninsula. Gen. Taylor 
obtained, at his own request, a change of command, 
and was stationed over the Department of the South- 
'A-est. This field embraced Louisiana, Mississippi, 
.Uabama and Georgia. Establishing his headquarters 
»il Fort Jessup, in Louisiana, he removed his family 
'a a plantation which he purchased, near Baton Rogue. 
n'.;re he remained for five years, buried, as it were, 
fir.m the world, but faithfully discharging every duty 
imposed upon him. 

In 1S46, Gen. Taylor was sent to guard the land 
between the Nueces and Rio Grande, the latter river 
being the boundary of Texas, which was then claimed 
bj the United States. Soon the war with Mexico 
WC5 brought on, and at Palo Alto and Resaca de la 
Falma, Gen. Taylor won brilliant victories over the 
Mi;.\icans. The rank of major-general by brevet 
«as then conferred upon Gen. Taylor, and his name 
%^ as received with enthusiasm almost everywhere in 
the N'ation. Then came the battles of Monterey and 
E uena Vista in which he won signal victories over 
f( fees much larger than he commanded. 

His careless habits of dress and his unaffected 
si/nf)licity, secured for Gen. Taylor among his troops, 
\\ s. sobriquet of "Old Rough and Ready.' 

Tne tidings of tlie brilliant victory of Buena Vista 
■(■read the wildest enthusiasm over the country. The 
n.ime of Gen. Taylor was on every one's li|)s. The 
W hig party decided to take advantage of this wonder- 
fiil popularity in bringing forward the unpolished, un- 

■"?red, honest soldier as their candidate for tlie 
I'lesidency. Gen. Taylor was astonished at the an- 
ncuncement, and for a time would not listen to it; de- 
cl.iring that he was not at all qualified for such an 
ofi ce. So little interest had he taken in politics that, 
for forty years, he had not cast a vote. It was not 
wiihout chagrin that several distinguished statesmen 
ivl.o had been long vears in the public service found 
*i.:ir claims set aside in behalf of one whose name 

had never been heard of, save in connection with Palo 
Alto, Resaca de la Palma, Monterey and Buena 
Vista. It is said that Daniel Webster, in his haste re- 
marked, " It is a nomination not fit to be made." 

Gen. Taylor was not an eloquent speaker nor a fine- 
writer His friends took posse-ision of him, and pre- 
pared such few communications as it was needful 
should be presented to the public. The popularity of 
the successful warrior swept the land. He was tri- 
umphantly elected over two opposing candidates, — 
Gen. Cass and Ex-President Martin Van Buren. 
Though he selected an excellent cabinet, the good 
old man found himself in a very uncongenial position, 
and was, at times, sorely perplexed and harassed. 
His mental sufferings were very severe, and probably 
tended to hasten his death. The pro-slavery party 
was pushing its claims with tireless energy, expedi- 
tions were fitting out to capture Cuba ; California was 
pleading for admission to the Union, while slavery 
stood at the door to bar her out. Gen. Taylor found 
the political conflicts in Washington to be far more 
trying to the nerves than battles with Mexicans or 

In the midst of all these troubles, Gen. Taylor, 
after he had occupied the Presidential chair but little 
over a year, took cold, and after a brief sickness of 
but little over five days, died on the gth of July, 1S50. 
His last woids were, "I am not afraid to die. I am 
ready.. I have endeavored to do my duty." He died 
universally respected and beloved. An honest, un- 
pretending man, he had been steadily growing in the 
affections of the people; and the Nation bitterly la- 
mented his death. 

Gen. Scott, who was thoroughly acquainted with 
Gen. Taylor, gave the follow ing graphic and truthful 
description of his character: — " With a good store of 
common sense, Gen. Taylor's mind had not been en- 
larged and refreshed by reading, or much converse 
with the world. Rigidity of ideas was the conse- 
quence. The frontiers and small military posts had 
been his home. Hence he was quite ignorant for his 
rank, and quite bigoted in his ignorance. His sim- 
plicity was child-like, and with innumerable preju- 
dices, amusing and incorrigible, well suited to the 
tender age. Thus, if a man, however respectable, 
chanced to wear a coat of an unusual color, or his hat 
a little on one side of his head; or an officer to leave 
a corner of his handkerchief dangling from an out- 
side pocket, — in any such case, this critic held the 
offender to be a coxcomb (perhaps something worse), 
whom he would not, to use his oft repeated phrase, 
' touch with a pair of tongs.' 

"Any allusion to literature beyond good old Dil- 
worth's spelling-book, on the part of one wearing a 
sword, was evidence, with the same judge, of utter 
unfitness for heavy marchings and combats. In shorf' 
few men have ever had a more comfortaWc, '•itviT. 
saving contempt for learning of every kind." 


^~^i-c c/ Jl 






teenth Presidentof the United 
States, was born at Summer 
Hill, Cayuga Co., X. Y ., on 
the 7th of Januar)', iSoo. His 
'~^ father was a farmer, and ow- 
ing to misfortune, in humble cir- 
cumstances. Of his mother, the 
daughter of Dr. Abiathar Millard, 
of Pittsfield, Mass., it has been 
said that she possessed an intellect 
of ver\' high order, united with much 
personal loveliness, sweetness of dis- 
position, graceful manners and ex- 
quisite sensibilities. She died in 
1 83 1 ; having lived to see her son a 
young man of distinguished prom- 
isee, though she was not permitted to witness the high 
dignity which he finally attained. 

In consequence of the secluded home and limited 
means of his father, Millard enjoyed bat slender ad- 
vantages for education in his early years. The com- 
mon schools, ivhich he occasionally attended were 
very imperfect institutions; and books were scarce 
end expensive. There was nothing then in his char- 
acter to indicate the brilliant career upon which he 
was about to enter. He was a plain farmer's boy; 
intelligent, good-looking, kind-hearted. The sacred 
influences of home had taught him to revere the Bible, 
and had laid the foundations of an upright character. 
When fourteen years of age, his father sent him 
some hundred miles from home, to the then wilds ol 
Livingston Countv, to learn the trade of a clothier. 
Ntiar the mill there was a small villiage, wlier^ some 

enterprising man had commenced the collection of a 
village libran'. This proved an inestimable blessing 
to young Fillmore. His evenings were spent in read- 
ing. Soon every leisure moment was occupied with 
books. His thirst for knowledge became insatiate 
and the selections which he made were continually 
more elevating and instructive. He read history, 
biography, oratory, and thus gradually there was en- 
kindled in his heart a desire to be something more 
than a mere worker with his hands; and he was be- 
coming, almost unknown to himself, a well-informed, 
educated man. 

The young clothier had now attained the age of 
nineteen years, and was of fine personal appearance 
and cf gentlemanly demeanor. It so happened tha'. 
there was a gentleman in the neighborhood of ample 
pecuniary means and of benevolence, — Judge \\'alter 
A\'ood, — who was struck with the prepossessing an- 
pearance of young Fillmore. He made his acquaint- 
ance, and was so much impressed with his ability and 
attainments that he advised him to abandon his 
trade and devote himself to the study of the law. The 
young man replied, that he had no means of his own. 
no friends to help him and that his previous educa- 
tion had been ver)' imperfect. But Judge Wood had 
so much confidence in him that he kindly off"ered to 
take him into his own office, and to loan him such 
money as he needed. Most gratefully the generous 
offer was accepted. 

There is in many minds a strange delusion about' 
a collegiate education. A young man is supposed to 
be liberally educated if he has graduated at some col- 
lege. But many a boy loiters through university hal' 
tnd then enters a law office, who is bv no means as 



well prepared to prosecute his legal studies as was 
Millard Fillmore when he graduated at the clothing- 
mill at the end of four years of manual labor, during 
which every leisure moment had been devoted to in- 
tense mental culture. 

In 1S23, when twenty-three years of age, he v/as 
admitted to the Court of Co-nmon Pleas. He then 
went to the village of Aurora, and commenced the 
practice of law. In this secluded, peaceful region, 
his practice of course was limited, and there was no 
opportunity for a sudden rise in fortune or in fame. 
Here, in the year 1S36, he married a lady of great 
moral worth, and one capable of adorning any station 
she might be called to fill, — Miss Abigail Powers. 

His elevation of character, his untiring industry, 
his legal acquirements, and his skill as an advocate, 
gradually attracted attention ; and he was invited to 
enter into partnership under highly advantageous 
circumstances, with an elder member of the bar in 
Buffalo. Just before removing to Buffalo, in iSjg, 
he took his seat in the House of Assembly, of the 
State of New York, as a representative from Erie 
County. Though he had never taken a very active 
part in politics, his vote and his sympathies were with 
the Whig party. The State was then Democratic, 
and he found himself in a helpless minority in the 
Legislature , still the testimony comes from all parties, 
that his courtesy, ability and integrity, won, to a very 
unusual degrie the respect of his associates. 

In the autumn of 1832, he was elected to a seat in 
the United States Congress He entered that troubled 
arena in some of the most tumultuous hours of our 
national history. The great conflict respecting the 
national bank and the removal of the deposits, was 
then raging. 

His term of two years closed ; and he returned to 
his profession, which he pursued with increasing rep- 
utation and success. After a lapse of two years 
he again became a candidate for Congress ; was re- 
elected, and took his seat in 1S37. His past expe- 
rience as a representative gave him stiength and 
confidence. The first term of service in Congress to 
any man can be but little more than an introduction. 
He was now prepared for active duty. All his ener- 
gies were brought to bear uiwn the public good. Every 
measure received his impress. 

Mr. Fillmore was now a man of wide repute, and 
his popularity filled the State, and in the year 1847, 
he was elected Comptroller of the State. 

Mr. Fillmore had attained the age of forty-seven 
years. His labors at the bar, in the Legislature, in 
Congress and as Comptroller, had given him very con- 
siderable fame. The Whigs were casting .about to 
find suitable candidates for President and Vice-Presi- 
dent at the approaching election. Far aw.ay, on the 
waters of the Rio Grande, there was a rough old 
soldier, who had fought one or two successful battles 
with the Mexicans, which caused his name to be 
proclaimed in tiumpet-tones all over the land. Cut 
it was necessary to associate with him on the same 
ticket some man of reputation as a statesman. 

Under the influence of these considerations, the 
namesofZachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore became 
the rallying-cry of the Whigs, as their candidates fur 
President and Vice-Peesident. The Whig ticket was 
signally triumphant. On the 4th of March, 1S49, 
Gen. Taylor was inaugurated President, and iVIiUard 
Fillmore Vice-President, of the United States. 

On the 9th of July, 1850, President Taylor, but 
about one year and four months after his inaugura 
tion, was suddenly taken sick and died. By the Con- 
stitution, Vice-President Fillmore thus became Presi- 
dent. He appointed a very able cabinet, of which 
the illustrious Daniel Webster was Secretary of State. 

Mr. Fillniore had very serious difficulties to contend 
with, since the opiMsition had a majority in both 
Houses. He did everything in his power tocontiliate 
the South; but the pro-slavery party in the South felt 
the inadequacyof all measuresof transient conciliation. 
The population of the free States was so rapidly in- 
creasing over that of the slave States that it was in- 
evitable that the jMwer of the Government should 
soon pass into the hands of the free States. The 
famous compromise measures were adopted under Mr. 
Fillmcre's adminstration, and the Japan Expedition 
was sent out. On the 4th of March, 1853, Mr Fill- 
more, having served one term, retired. 

In 1856, Mr. Fillmore was nominated for the Pres- 
idency by the " Know Nothing " party, but was beaten 
by Mr. Buchanan. After that Mr. Fillmore lived in 
retirement. During the terrible conflict of civil war, 
he was mostly silent. It was generally supposed Ihaf 
his sympathies were rather with those who were en- 
deavoring to overthrow our institutions. President 
Fillmore kept aloof from the conflict, without any 
cordial words of cheer to the one party or the other. 
He was thus forgotten by both. He lived to a ripe 
old age, and died in Buffalo. N. Y., March S, 1S74, 





fourteenth President of the 
L nited States, was bom in 
Hillsborough, N. H., Nov. 
23, 1S04. His father was a 
Revolutionary soldier, who, 
with his own strong arm, 
hewed out a home in the 
wilderness. He was a man 
of inflexible integrity; of 
strong, though uncultivated 
mind, and an uncompromis- 
ing Democrat. The mother of 
Franklin Pierce was all that a son 
could desire, — an intelligent, pru- 
dent, affectionate. Christian wom- 
an. Franklin was the sixth of eight children. 

Franklin was a very bright and handsome boy, gen- 
erous, warm-hearted and brave. He won alike the 
love of old and young. The boys on the play ground 
loved him. His teachers loved him. The neighbors 
looked upon him with pride and affection. He was 
by instinct a gentleman; always speaking kind words, 
doing kind deeds, with a peculiar unstudied tact 
which taught him what was agreeable. Without de- 
veloping any precocity of genius, or any unnatural 
devotion to books, he was a good scholar; in body, 
in mind, in affections, a finely-developed boy. 

When sixteen years of age, in the year 1S20, he 
entered Bowdoin College, at Brunsvrick, Me He was 
one of the most ]X)pular young men in the college. 
The purity cf his moral character, the unvar)-ing 
courtesy of his demeanor, his rank as a scholar, and 

genial nature, rendered him a universal favorite. 
There was something very peculiarly winning in his 
address, and it was evidently not in the slightest de- 
gree studied : it was the simple outgushing of his 
own magnanimous and loving nature. 

Upon graduating, in the year 1S24, Franklin Pierce 
commenced tlie study of law in the office of Judge 
Woodbury, one of the most distinguished lawj'ers of 
the State, and a man of great private worth. The 
eminent social qualities of the young law)-er, his 
father's prominence as a public man, and the brilliant 
political career into which Judge Woodbury was en- 
tering, all tended to entice Mr. Pierce into the faci- 
nating yet perilous path of political life. With all 
the ardor of his nature he espoused the cause of Gen. 
Jackson for the Presidency. He commenced the 
practice of law in Hillsborough, and was soon elected 
to represent the town in the State Legislature. Here 
he served for four years. The last two years he was 
chosen speaker of the house by a very large vote. 

In 1S33, at the age of twenty-nine, he was elected 
a member of Congress. Without taking an active 
part in debates, he was faithful and laborious in duty 
and ever rising in the estimation of those with whom 
he was associatad. 

In 1S37. being then but thirty-three years of age, 
he was elected to the Senate of the United States; 
taking his seat just as Mr. Van Buren commenced 
his administration. He was the yomgest member in 
the Senate. In the year 1S34, he married Miss Jane 
Means .•\ppleton, a lady of rare beauty and accom- 
plishments, and one admirably fitted to adorn ever.' 
station with which her husband was honoied Of the 


three sons who were bom to them, all now sleep with 
their parents in the grave. 

In the year 1S3S, Mr. Pierce, with growing fame 
and increasing business as a lawyer, took up his 
residence in Concord, the capital of New Hampshire. 
President Polk, upon his accession to office, appointed 
Mr. Pierce attorney-general of the United States ; but 
the offer was declined, in consequence of numerous 
professional engagements at home, and the precariuos 
state of Mrs. Pierce's health. He also, about the 
same time declined the nomination for governor by the 
Democratic party. The war with Me.xico called Mr. 
Pierce in the army. Receiving the appointment of 
brigadier-general, he embarked, with a portion of his 
troops, at Newport, R. I., on the 27th of May, 1S47. 
He took an imix)rtant part in this war, proving him- 
.self a brave and true soldier. 

When Gen. Pierce reached his home in his native 
State, he was received enthusiastically by the advo- 
cates of the Me.xican war, and coldly by his oppo- 
nents. He resumed the practice of his profession, 
very frequently taking an active part in political ques- 
tions, giving his cordial support to the pro-slavery 
wing of the Democratic party. The compromise 
measures met cordially with his approval; and he 
strenuously advocated the enforcement of the infa- 
mous fugitive-slave law, which so shocked the religious 
sensibilities of the North. He thus became distin- 
guished as a "Northern man with Southern principles.'' 
The strong partisans of slavery in the South conse- 
quently regarded him as a man whom they could 
safely trust in office to carry out their plans. 

On the I 2th of June, 1S52, the Democratic conven- 
tion met in Baltimore to nominate a candidate for the 
Presidency. For four days they continued in session, 
and in thirty-five ballotings no one had obtained a 
two-thirds vote. Not a vote thus far had been thrown 
for Gen. Pierce. Then the Virginia delegation 
brought fonvard his name. There were fourteen 
more ballotings, during which Gen. Pierce constantly 
gained strength, until, at the forty-ninth ballot, he 
received two hundred and eighty-two votes, and all 
other candidates eleven. Gen. Winfield Scott was 
the Whig candidate. Gen. Pierce was chosen with 
great unanimity. Only four States — Vermont, Mas- 
sachusetts, Kentucky and Tennessee — cast their 
electoral votes against him Gen. Franklin Pieice 
was therefore inaugurated President of the United 
States on the 4th of March, 1S53. 

His administration proved one of the most stormy our 
country had ever e.xperienced. The controversy be 
tween slavery and freedom was then approaching its 
culminating point. It became evident that there was ' 
an "irrepressible conflict" between them, and that 
this Nation could not long exist " half slave and half 
free." President Pierce, during the whole of his ad- 
ministration, did every thing he could to conciliate 
the South ; but it was all in vain. The conflict every 
year grew more violent, and threats of the dissolution 
of the Union were borne to the North on every South- 
ern breeze. 

Such was the condition of affairs when President 
Pierce approached the close of his four-years" term 
of office. The North had become thoroughly ;;l:en- 
ated from him. The anti-slavery sentinier.t, goaded 
by great outrages, had been rapidly increasing; all 
the intellectual ability and social worth of President 
Pierce were forgotten in deep reprehension of his ad- 
ministrative acts. The slaveholders of the South, also, 
unmindful of the fidelity with which he had advo- 
cated those measures of Government which they ap- 
proved, and perhaps, also, feeling that lie had 
rendered himself so unpopular as no longer to be 
able acceptably to sei-ve them, ungratefully dropped 
him, and nominated James Buchanan to succeed him. 

On the 4th of March, 1S57, President Pierce re- 
tired to his home in Concord. Of three children, two 
had died, and his only surviving child had been 
killed before his eyes by a railroad accident , and his 
wife, one of the most estimable and accomplished of 
ladies, was rapidly sinking in consumption. The 
hour of dreadful gloom soon came, and he was left 
alone in the world, without wife or child. 

When the terrible Rebellion burst forth, which di- 
vided our country into two parties, and two only, Mr. 
Pierce remained steadfast in the principles which he 
had always cherished, and gave his sympathies to 
that pro-slavery party with which he had ever been 
allied. He declined to do anything, either by voiLe 
or pen, to strengthen the hand of the National Gov- 
ernment. He continued to reside in Concord until 
the time of his death, which occurred in October, 
iS6g. He was one of the most genial and social of 
men, an honored communicant of the Episcopal 
Church, and one of the kindest of neighbors. Gen- 
erous to a fault, he contributed liberally for the al- 
leviation of suffering and want, and many of his towns- 
people were often gladened by his material bounty. 


maiitic spot in ;i gorge of the nioun- 
tiirs, with towering summits rising 
grandly all around. His father 
was a native of the north of Ireland ; 
a poor man, who had emigrated in 
1783, with little property save his 
own strong arms. Five years afterwards he married 
Elizabeth Spear, the daughter of a respectable farmer, 
and, with his young bride, plunged into the wilder- 
ness, staked his claim, reared his log-hut, opened a 
clearing with his axe, and settled down there to per- 
form his obscure part in the d-rama of life. In this se- 
cluded home, where James was born, he remained 
for eight years, enjoying but few social or intellectual 
advantagi'S. When James was eight years of age, hJs 
father removed to the village of Mercersburg, where 
his son was placed at school, and commenced a 
course of study in English, Latin and Greek. His 
progress was rapid, and at the age of fourteen, he 
entered Dickinson College, at Carlisle. Here he de- 
veloped re'iiarkable talent, and took his stand among 
the first scholars in the institution. His application 
"to study was intense, and yet his native powers en- 

abled him to master the most abstruse subjects wi '- 

In the year iSog, lie gr.aduated with the highest 
honors of liis clasu. He was then eighteen years of 
age; t.dl and graceful, vigorous in health, fond of 
athletic sport, an unerring shot, and enlivened with 
an e.xuberant flow of animal spirits. He immediately 
commenced the study of law in the city of Lancaster, 
and was admitted to the bar in 1S12, when he was 
but twenty-one years of age. Verv rapidly he rose 
in his profession, and at once took undisputed stand 
with the ablest lawyers of the State. When but 
twentv-si.x years of age, unaided by counsel, he suc- 
cessfully defended before the State Senate ore of tht 
judges of the State, who was tried upon articles 01 
impeachment. At the age of thirty it was generally 
admitted that he stood at the head of the bar; anc 
there was no lawyer in the State who had a more lu- 
crative practice. 

In 1S20, he reluctantly consented to run as % 
candidate for Congress. He was elected, and foi 
ten years he remained a member of the Lower House 
During the vacations of Congress, he occasionally 
tried some important case. In 1831, he retired 
altogether from the toils of his profession, having ac- 
quired an ample fortune. 

Gen. Jackson, uixjn his elevation to the Presidency, 
apjx)inted Mr. Buchanan minister to Russia. The 
duties of his mission he performed with ability, which 
gave satisfaction to all parties. Upon his return, iti 
I S33, he was elected to a seat in the United States 
Senate. He there met, as his associates, Webster. 
Clay, \\'right and Calhoun. He advocated tl'.e meas- 
ures prc-posedby President Jackson, cf n'. ilf<ng repn- 



sals against France, to enforce the payment of our 
claims against that country; and defended the course 
of the President in his unprecedented and wholesale 
removal from ot^ce of those who were not the sup- 
porters of his administration. Upon this question he 
was brought into direct collision with Henry Clay. 
He also, with voice and vote, advocated expunging 
from the journal of the Senate the vote of censure 
again>t Gen. Jackson for removing the deiKisits. 
Earnestly he opiwsed the abolition of slavery in the 
District of Columbia, and urged the prohibition of the 
circulation of anti-slavery documents by the United 
States mails. 

As to petitions on the subject of slavery, he advo- 
cated that they should be respectfully received; and 
that the reply should be returned, that Congress had 
no power to legislate upon tlie subject. " Congress," 
said he, "might as well undertake to interfere with 
slavery under a foreign government as in any of the 
States where it now exists." 

U|ion Mr. Polk's accession to the Presidency, iMr. 
Buchanan became Secretary of State, and as such, 
took his share of the responsibility in the conduct of 
the Mexican War. Mr. Polk assumed that crossing 
the Xiieces by the American troops into the disputed 
territory was not wrong, but for the Mexicans to cross 
the Rio Grande into that territory was a declaration 
of war. No candid man can read with pleasure the 
account of the course our Government pursued in that 

Mr. Buchanan identified himself thoroughly with 
the party devoted to the perpetuation and extension 
of slavery, and brought all the energies of his mind 
to bear agjinst the Wilmot Proviso. He gave his 
cordial approval to the compromise measures of 1050, 
which included the fugitive-slave law. Mr. Pierce, 
upon his election to the Presidency, honored Mr. 
Buchanan with the mission to England. 

In the year 1S56, a national Democratic conven- 
tion nominated Mr. Buchanan for the Presidency. The 
political conflict was one of the most severe in which 
our country has ever engaged. All the friends of 
slaver)' were on one side; all the advocates of its re- 
striction and final abolition, on the other. Mr. Fre- 
mont, the candidate of the enemies of slavery, re- 
•.eived 1 14 electoral votes. Mr. Buchanan received 
174, and was elected. The i»[)ular vote stood 
1.340,618, for Fremont, 1,224,750 for Buchanan. On 
March 4th. 1857, Mr. Buchanan was inaugurated. 

Mr. Buchanan was far advanced in life. Only four 
vears were wanting to fill up his threescore years and 
ten. His own friends, those with whom he had been 
allied in political principles and action for years, were 
susking the destruction of tlie Government, that they 
might rear upon the ruins of our free institutions a 
nation whose corner-stone should be human slavery. 
In this emergency, Mr. Buchanan was hopelessly be- 
wildered He could not, with his long-avowed prin- 

ciples, consistently oppose the State-rights [larty in 
their assumptions. As President of the United States, 
bound by his oath faithfully to administer the lawh 
lie could not, without perjury of the grossest kind, 
unite with those endeavoring to overthrow the repub- 
lic. He therefore did nothing. 

The opiMnents of Mr. Buchanan's administration 
nominal ed Abraham Lincoln as their standard bearer 
in the next Presidential canvass. The pro-slaverv 
party declared, that if he were elected, and the con- 
trol of the Government were thus taken from their 
hands, they would secede from the Union, taking 
with them, as they retired, the National Capitol at 
Washington, and the lion's share of the territory of 
the United States. 

Mr. Buchanan's sympathy with the pro-slaver)- 
party was such, that he had been willing to offer them 
far more than they had ventured to claim. All the 
South had professed to ask of the North was non- 
intervention U[x3n the subject of slaver}-. Mr. Bu- 
chanan had been ready to offer them the active co- 
operation of the Government to defend and extend 
the institution. 

As the storm increased in violence, the slaveholders 
claiming the right to secede, and Mr. Buchanan avow- 
ing that Congress had no [xjwer to prevent it, one of 
the most pitiable exhibitions of governmental im- 
becility was exhibited the world has ever seen. He 
declared that Congress had no power to enforce its 
laws in any State which had withdrawn, or which 
was attempting to withdraw from the Union. 'I'his 
was not the doctrine of Andrew Jackson, when, with 
his hand uixm his sword-hilt, he exclaimed. "The 
Union must and shall be preserved!" 

South Carolina seceded in December, i860; nearly 
three months before the inauguration of President 
Lincoln. Mr. Buchanan looked on in listless despair. 
The rebel flag was raised in Charleston; Fort Sumpter 
was besieged; our forts, navy-yards and arsenals 
were seized; our depots of military stores were plun- 
dered ; and our custom-houses and post-offices were 
appropriated by the reljels. 

The energy of the rebels, and the imbecility of our 
Executive, were alike marvelous. The Nation looked 
on in agony, waiting for the slow weeks to glide away, 
and close the administration, so terrible in its weak- 
ness At length the long-looked-for hour of deliver- 
ance came, when Abraham Lincoln was to receive the 

The administration of President Buchanan was 
certainly the most calamitous our country has ex- 
perienced. His best friends cannot recall it with 
pleasure. And still more deplorable it is for his fame, 
that in that dreadful conflict which rolled its billows 
of flame and blood over our whole land, no word came 
from his lips to indicate his wish that our countrv's 
banner should triumph over the flag of the rebellion 
He died at his Wheatland retreat, June i, i863. 


-x- <^ '■ ■ <^ 



% i LINCOLN, > i 





sixteenth President of the 
-'^United States, was bom in 
Hardin Co., Ky., Feb. 12, 
iSog. About the year 1 7 So, a 
"'- man by the name of Abraham 
''^ Lincoln left Virginia with his 
I unih and moved into the then 
wildb of Kentucky. Only two years 
after this emigration, still a young 
man, while working one day in a 
field, was stealthily approached by 
an Indian and shot dead. His widow 
was left in extreme poverty wath five 
htlle children, three boys and two 
girls. Thomas, the youngest of the 
boys, was four years of age at his 
father's death. This Thomas was 
the father of Abraham Lincoln, the 
President of the United Stales 
whose name must henceforth forever be enrolled 
with the most prominent in the annals of our world. 
Of course no record has been kept of the life 
of one so lowly as Thomas Lincoln. He was among 
the poorest of the poor. His home was a wretched 
log-cabin ; his food the coarsest and the meanest. 
Education he had none; he could never either read 
or write. As soon as he was able to do anything for 
Iiimself, he was compelled to leave the cabin of his 
starving mother, and push out into the world, a friend- 
less, wandering boy, seeking work. He hired him- 
self out, and thus spent the whole of his youth as a 
^.iborer in the fields of others. 

When twenty-eight years of age he buill a log- 
labin of his own, and married Nancy Hanks, the 
daughter of another family of poor Kentucky emi- 
grants, who had also come from Virginia. Their 
second child was Abraham Lincoln, the subject of 
this sketch. The mother of Abraham was a noble 
•vonian, jentle. loving, pensive, created to adorn 
a palace, doomed to toil and pine, and die in a hovel, 
".All 'hat I am, or hope to be," exclaims the grate- 
ful son '' I owe to my angel-niother. 

When he was eight years of age, his father sold his 

cabin and small farm, and moved to Indiana. Whera 
two years later his mother died. 

Abraham soon became the sciibe of the uneducated 
community around hini. He could not have had a 
better school than this to teach him to put thoughts 
into words. He also became an eager reader. The 
books he could obtain were few ; but these he "ead 
and re-read until they were almost committpH tc 

As the years rolled on, the lot of this lowly familv 
was the usual lot of humanity. Thi're were joys ano 
griefs, weddings and funerals. Abraham's sistfi 
Sarah, to whom he was tenderly attached, was mat 
ried when a child of but fourteen years of age, anc 
soon died. The family was gradually scattered. Mr 
Thomas Lincoln sold out his squatter's claim in 1S30 
and emigrated to Macon Co., 111. 

Abraham Lincoln was then twenty-one years of age. 
With vigorous hands he aided his father in rearing 
another log-cabin. Abraham worked diligently at thi; 
until he saw the family comfortably settled, and theii 
small lot of enclosed prairie planted with com, when 
he announced to his father his intention to leave 
home, and to go out into the world and seek his for- 
tune. Little did he or his friends imagine how bril- 
liant that fortune to be. He saw the value oi 
education and was intensel)' earnest to improve his 
mind to the utmost of his power. He saw the ruin 
which ardent spirits were causing, and became 
strictly temperate; refusing to allow a drop of intoxi- 
cating liquor to pass his lips. .And he had read ir 
God's word, " Thou shalt not take the name of thft 
Lord thy God in -'.a.;" and a profane expression he 
was never heard to utter. Religion he revered. His 
morals were pure, and he was uncontaminated bv 3 
single vice. 

Young Abraham worked for a time as a hired labo^e^ 
among the farmers. 'I'hen he went to Springfield 
where he was employed in building a larse flat-boat 
In this he took a herd of swine, floated them dowi 
the Sangamon to the Illinois, and thence bv the Mis 
sissippi to New Orleans. \\'hatever .Abraham Lin 
coin undertook, he perfomied so faithfullv as to giv,. 
great satisfaction to his emnlovers. In this adven 


tare his ereiployers were so well pleased, that upon 
his retarn tiiey placed a store and mill under his care. 

In 1S3J, at the outbreak of the Black Hawk war, he 
unlisted and was chosen captain of a company. He 
returned to Sangamon County, and although only 23 
years of age, was a candidate for the Legislature, but 
was defeated. He soon after received from Andrew 
Tackson the appointment of Postmaster of New Salem, 
His only post-office was his hat. .Ml the letters he 
received he carried there ready to deliver to those 
he chanced to meet. He studied surveying, and soon 
made this his business. In 1S34 he again became a 
candidate for the Legislature, and was elected Mr. 
Stuart, of Springfield, advised him to study law. He 
walked from New Salem to Springfield, borrowed of 
Mr. Stuart a load of books, carried them back and 
began his legal studies. When the Legislature as- 
sembled he trudged on foot with his pack on his back 
one hundred miles to Vandalia, then the capital. In 
1S36 he was re-elected to the Legislature. Here it 
was he first met Stephen A. Douglas. In 1839 he re- 
moved to Springfield and began the practice of law. 
His success with the jury was so great that he was 
soon engaged in almost every noted case in the circuit. 

In 1S54 the great discussion began between Mr. 
Lincoln and Mr. Douglas, on the slavery question. 
In the organization of the Republican party in Illinois, 
in 1 85 6, he took an active part, and at once became 
one of the leaders in that party. Mr. Lincoln's 
speeches in opposition to Senator Douglas in the con- 
test in 1S5S for a seat in the Senate, form a most 
notable part of his historv'. The issue was on the 
ilavery (Question, and he took the broad ground of 
;he Declaration of Independence, that all men are 
created equal. Mr. Lincoln was defeated in this con- 
test, but won a far higher prize. 

The great Republican Convention met at Chicago 
on the i6th of June, iS6o. The delegates and 
strangers who crowded the city amounted to twenty- 
five thousand. An immense building called "The 
Wigwam," was reared to accommodate the Conven- 
tion. There were eleven candidates for whom votes 
were thrown. William H. Seward, a man whose fame 
as a statesman had long filled the land, was the most 
urominent. It was generally supposed he would be 
the nominee. Abraham Lincoln, however, received 
the nomination on the third ballot. Little did he then 
dream of the weary years of toil and care, and the 
bloody death, to which that nomination doomed him: 
andaslittledid hedream that he was to render services 
to his country, which would fi.x upon him the eyes of 
the whole civilized world, and wiiich would give him 
a place in the affections of his countiymen, second 
onlv, if second, to that of Washington. 

Election day came and Mr. Lincoln received iSo 
electoral votes out of 203 cast, and was, tlierefore, 
constitutionally elected President of the United States. 
The tirade of abuse that was poured uix)n this good 

and merciful man, especially by the slaveholders, was 
greater than upon any other man ever elected to this 
high position. In Februan', i86i, Mr. Lincoln started 
for Washington, stopping in all the large cities on his 
way making speeches. The whole journey was frought ' 
with much danger. Many of the Southern States had 
already seceded, and several attempts at assassination 
were afterwards brought to light. A gang in Balti- 
more arranged, upon his arrival to "get up a row," 
and in the conl'usion to make sure of his death with 
revolvers and hand-grenades. A detective unravelled 
the plot. A secret and special train was provided to 
take him from Harrisburg, through Baltimore, at an 
unexpected hour of the night. The train started at 
hall-past ten ; and to prevent any possible communi- 
cation on the part ot the Secessionists with their Con- 
federate gang in Baltimore, as soon as the train haa 
started the telegraph-wires were cut. Mr. Lincoln 
reached Wasliington in safety and was inaugurated, 
although great an.xiety was felt by all loyal people 
In the selection of his cabinet Mr. Lincoln gave 
to Mr Seward the Department of State, and to other 
prominent opponents before the convention he gave 
important i»sitions. 

During no other administration have the duties 
devolving upon the President been so manifold, and 
the res[X)nsibilities so great, as those which fell to 
the lot of President Lincoln. Knowing this, and 
feeling his own weakness and inability to meet, and in 
his own strength to cope with, the difficulties, he 
learned early to seek Divine wrisdom and guidance in 
determining his plans, and Divine comfort in all his 
trials, bo'h personal and national Contrary to his 
own estimate of himself. Mr. Lincoln was one of the 
most courageous of men. He went directly into the 
rebel capital just as the retreating foe was leaving, 
with no guard but a few sailors. From the time he 
had left Springfield, in 1861, however, plans had been 
made for his assassination, and he at last fell a victim 
to one of them. April 14, 1865, he, with Gen. Grant, 
was urgently invited to attend Fords' Theater. It 
was announced that they would be present. Gen. 
Grant, however, left the city. President Lincoln, feel- 
ing, witn his characteristic kindliness of heart, that 
it would be a disappointment if he should fail them, 
very reluctantly consented to go. While listening to 
the play an actor by the name of John Wilkes Booth 
entered the bo.x where the President and family were 
seated, and fired a bullet into his brains. He died the 
next morning at seven o'clock. 

Never before, in the history of the world was a nation 
plunged into such deep grief by the death of its ruler. 
Strong men met in the streets and wept in speechless 
anguish. It is not too much to say that a nation was 
in tears. His was a life which will fitly become a 
model. His name as the savior of his country w;!I 
live with that of W^ashington's, its father; hisco-;ntry- 
men being unable to decide whii h is tl-e greater. 





teentli President of the United 
States. The early life of 
Andrew Johnson contains but 
the record of poverty, destitu- 
tion and friendlessness. He 
was born December 29, 180S, 

in Raleigh, N. C. His parents, 
belonging to the class of the 
"poor whites " of the South, -were 
in such circumstances, that they 
could not c;nf:r -veri the slight- 
est advantages of education upon 
their child. When Andrew was five 
years of age, his father accidentally 
lost his life while herorically endeavoring to save a 
friend from drowning. ^Jniil ten years of age, .Andrew 
was a ragged boy about the streets, supported by the 
labor of his mother, who obtained her living with 
her own hands. 

He then, having never attended a school one day, 
and being unable either to read or write, was ap- 
prenticed to a tailor in his native town. .\ gentleman 
was in the habit of going to the tailor's shop occasion- 
ally, and reading to the boys at work there. He often 
read from the speeches of distinguished British states- 
men. .A.ndrew, who was endowed with a mind of more 
than ordinary native ability, became much interested 
in these speeches ; his ambition was roused, and he 
was inspired with a strong desire to learn to read. 

He accordingly applied himself to the alphabet, and 
with tlie assist.mce of some of his fellow-workmen, 
learned his letters. He then called upon the gentle- 
man to borrow the book of siieeches. The owner. 

pleased with his zeal, not only gave him the book 
but assisted him in learning to combine the letters 
into words. Under such difficulties he pressed 01. 
ward laboriously, spending usually ten or twelve hours 
at work in the shop, and then robbing himself of rest 
and recreatiop to devote such time as he could to 

He went to Tennessee in iS;6, and located a*. 
Greenville, where he married a young lady who pus 
sessed some education. Under her instructions he 
learned to write and cipher. He became prominent 
in the village debating society, and a favorite with 
the students of Greenville GDllege. In 1S28, he or- 
ganized a working man's party, which elected him 
alderman, and in 1S30 elected him mayor, which 
position he held three years. 

He now began to take a lively interest in political 
affairs ; identifying himself with the working-classes, 
to which he belonged. In 1835, he was elected a 
member of the House of Representatives of Tennes- 
see. He was then just twenty-seven years of age. 
He became a very active member of the legislature 
gave his adhesion to the Democratic party, and in 
1S40 "stumped the State," advocating Martin Van 
Bur(!n's claims to the Presidency, in opposition to thcsv 
of Gen. Harrison. In this campaign he acquired much 
readiness as a speaker, and extended and increased 
his reputation. 

In iS4r, he was elected State Senator; in 1S43, he 
was elected a member of Congress, and by successive 
elections, held that important post for ten years. In 
1S53, he was elected Governor of Tennessee, and 
was re-elected in 1S55. In all these resi)onsible posi- 
tions, he discharged hisduties with distinguished abii 



ity, and proved himself the warm friend of the work- 
ing classes. In 1S57, Mr. Johnson was elected 
United States Senator. 

Years before, in 1S45, he had warmly advocated 
the annexation of Texas, stating however, as his 
reason, that he thought this annexation would prob- 
ably prove " to be the gateway out of which the sable 
sons of Africa are to pass from bondage to Ireedom, 
And become merged in a population congenial to 
themselves." In 1S50, he also supported the com- 
promise measures, the two essential features of which 
were, that the white people of the Territories should 
be permitted to decide for themselves whether they 
would enslave the colored people or not, and that 
the free States of the North should return to the 
Soudi persons who attempted to escape from slavery. 

Mr. Johnson was never ashamed ofhis lowly origin: 
on the contrary, he often took pride in avowing that 
he owed his distinction to his own exertions. "Sir,' 
said he on the floor of the Senate, " I do not forget 
that I am a mechanic ; neither do I forget that Adam 
was a tailor and sewed fig-leaves, and that our Sav- 
ior was the son of a carpenter." 

In the Charleston- Baltimore convention of iSuo, iie 
r/is the choice of the Tennessee Democrats for the 
l'r>,--,idency. In 1S61, when the purpose of the South- 
:..! D.-iiijcra'-y became apparent, he took a decided 
■taad i.i favoi of the Union, and held that " slavery 
must be held subordinate to the Union at whatever 
cost." He returned to Tennessee, and repeatedly 
imperiled his own life to protect the Unionists of 
Tennesee. Tennessee having seceded from the 
Union, President Lincoln, on March 4th, 1862, ap- 
pointed him Military Governor of the State, and he 
established the most stringent military rale. His 
numerous proclamations attracted wide attention. In 

1 564, he was elected Vice-President of the United 
States, and upon the death of Mr. Lincoln, April \i, 

1565, became President. In a speech two days Uter 
ne said, "The American people must be taught, if 
?hey do not already feel, that treason is a crime and 
must be r.unished ; that the Government will not 
always bear with its enemies ; that it is strong not 
only to protect, but to punish. * * The people 
must understand that it (treason) is the blackest of 
crimes, and will surely be punished." Yet his whole 
administration, the history of which is so well known, 
was in utter inconsistency with, and the most violent 

opixisition to, the principles laid down in that speech. 

In his loose policy of reconstruction and general 
amnesty, he was opposed by Congress ; and he char- 
acterized Congress as a new rebellion, and lawlessly • 
defied it, in everythmg possible, to the utmost. In 
the beginniiig of 1868, on account of "high crimes 
and misdemeanors," the principal of which was the 
removal of Secretary Stanton, in violation of the Ten- 
ure of Office Act, articles of impeachment were pre- 
ferred against him, and the trial began March 23. 

It was very tedious, continuing for nearly three 
months. A test article of the impeachment was at 
length submitted to the court for its action. It was 
certain that as the court voted upon that article so 
would it vote upon all. Thirty-four voices pronounced 
the President guilty. As a two-thirds vote was r.*;ces- 
sary to his condemnation, he was pronounced ac- 
quitted, notwithstanding the great majority against 
him. The change of one vote from the not guilty 
side would have sustained the impeachment. 

The President, for the remainder of his term, was 
but little regarded. He continued, though impotently, 
his conflict with Congress. His own party did not 
think it expedient to renominate him for the Presi- 
dency. The Nation rallied, with enthusiasm unpar- 
alleled since the days of Washington, around ine name 
of Gen. Grant. Andrew Johnson was forgotten 
The bullet of the assassin introduced him to the 
President's chair. Notwithstanding this, never was 
there presented to a man a better opportunity to im- 
mortalize his name, and to win the gratitude of a 
nation. He failed utterly. He retired to his home 
in Greenville, Tenn., taking no very active part in 
politics until 1S75 On Jan. 26, after an exciting 
struggle, he was chosen by the Legislature of Ten- 
nessee, United States Senator in the forty-fourth Con- 
gress, and took his seat in that body, at the specia'. 
session convened by President Grant, on the 5th of 
March. On the 27th of July, 1S75, the e.x-President 
made a visit to his daughter's home, near Carter 
Station, Tenn. When he started on his journey, he was 
apparently in his usual vigorous health, Imt on reach- 
ing the residence of his child the following day, wa- 
stricken with paralysis, rendering him unconsciou . 
He rallied occasionally, but finally passed away at 
2 .\. M., July 31, aged sixty-seven years. His fun- 
eral was attended at Geenville, on the 3d of August, 
with every demonstration of respect 



^,3 LYSSES S. GRANT, the 
4 eighteenth President of the 
"■;8 United States, was bom on 
the 2gth of April, 1822, of 
Christian parents, in a humble 
' home, at Point Pleasant, on the 
banks of the Ohio. Shortly after 
his father moved to George- 
town, Brown Co., O. In this re- 
mote frontier hamlet, Ulysses 
received a common-school edu- 
cation. At the age of seven- 
teen, in the year 1S39, he entered 
the Military Academy at West 
Point. Here he was regarded as a 
solid, sensible young man of fair abilides, and of 
sturdy, honest character. He took respectable rank 
as a scholar. In June, 1843, he graduated, about the 
middle in his class, and was sent as lieutenant of in- 
fantry to one of the distant military posts in the Mis- 
souri Territory. Two years he past in these dreary 
solitudes, watching the vagabond and exasperating 

The war with Me.xico came. Lieut. Grant was 
sent with his regiment to Corpus Christi. His first 
battle was at Palo Alto. There was no chance here 
for the exhibirion of either skill or heroism, nor at 
Resaca de la Palma, his second battle. At the battle 
Df Monterey, his third engagement, it is said that 
.le performed a signal service of daring and skillful 
horsemanship. His brigade had exhausted its am- 
munition. A messenger must be sent for more, along 
a route exposed to the bullets of the foe. Lieut. 
Grant, adopting an expedient learned of the Indians, 
grasped the mane of his horse, and hanging upon one 
side of the aninvil, ran the gauntlet in entire safety. 

From Monterey he was sent, with the fourth infantry, 
to aid Gen. Scott, at the siege of Vera Cruz. In 
preparation for the march to the city of Mexico, he 
was appointed quartermaster of his regiment. \K the 
battle of Molino del Rey, he was promoted to a 
first lieutenancy, and was brevetted captain at Cha- 

At the close of the Mexican War, Capt. Grant re- 
turned with his regiment to New York, and was again 
sent to one of the military posts on the frontier. The 
discovery of gold in California causing an immense 
tide of emigration to flow to the Pacific shores, Capt. 
Grant was sent with a battalion to Fort Dallas, in 
Oregon, for the protection of the interests of the im- 
migrants. Life was wearisome in those wilds. Capt. 
Grant resigned his commission and returned to the 
States; and having married, entered upon the cuUiva- 
tion of a small farm near St. Louis, Mo. He had but 
little skill as a farmer. Finding his toil not re- 
munerative, he turned to mercantile life, entering into 
the leather business, with a younger brother, at Ga- 
lena, 111. This was in the year i860. As the tidings 
of the rebels firing on Fort Sumpter reached the ears 
of Capt. Grant in his counting-room, he said, — 
"Uncle Sam has educated me for the army, though 
I have served him through one war, I do not feel that 
I have yet repaid the debt. I am still ready to diidiarge 
my obligations. I shall therefore buckle on my sword 
and see LTncle Sam through this war too." 

He went into the streets, raised a company of vol- 
unteers, and led them as their captain to Springfield, 
the capital of the State, where their services were 
offered to Gov. Yates. The Governor, impressed by 
the zeal and straightfonvard executive ability of Capt. 
Grant, gave him a desk in his office, to assist in the 
volunteer organizarion that was being formed in the 
State in behalf of the Government. On the i-"'^ of 


hine, tS6i, Capt. Grant received a commission as 
Colonel of the Twenty-first Regiment of Illinois Vol- 
unteers. His merits as a West Point graduate, who 
hdd served for 15 years in the regular army, were such 
ihat he was soon promoted to the rank of Brigadier- 
C.^- lera! and was placed in command at Cairo. The 

■_>.;' ; r u .ed their banner at Paducah, near the mouth 
.-.I' ilie Tennessee River. Scarcely had its folds ap- 
,)!.... cd ia the breeze ere Gen. Grant was there. The 
rebels fled. Their banner fell, and the star and 
stripes were unfurled in its stead. 

He entered the service with great determination 
and immediately began active duty. This was the be- 
ginning, and until the surrender of Lee at Richmond 
he was ever pushing the enemy with great vigor and 
effectiveness. At Belmont, a few days later, he sur- 
prised and routed the rebels, then at Fort Henry 
won another victory. Then came the brilliant fight 
at Fort Donelson. The nation was electrified by the 
victory, and the brave leader of the boys in blue was 
■.mmediately made a M.ijor-General, and the military 
iistrict of Tennessee was assigned to him. 

Like all great captains, Gen. Grant knew well how 
to secure the results of victory. He immediately 
cashed on to the enemies' lines. Then came the 
terrible battles of Pittsburg Landing, Corinth, and the 
siege of Vicksburg, where Gen. Pemberton made an 
unconditional surrender of the city with over thirty 
thousand men and one-hundred and seventy-two can- 
non. The fall of Vicksburg was by far the most 
severe blow which the rebels had thus far encountered, 
and opened up the Mississippi from Cairo to the Gulf. 

Gen. Grant was next ordered to co-operate with 
Gen. Banks in a movement upon Te.xas, and pro- 
ceeded to New Orleans, where he was thrown from 
his horse, and received severe injuries, from which he 
was laid up for months. He then rushed to the aid 
of Gens. Rosecrans and Thomas at Chattanooga, and 
by a wonderful series of strategic and technical meas- 
ures put the Union Army in fighting condition. Then 
followed the bloody battles at Chattanooga, Lookout 
Mountain and Missionary Ridge, in which the rebels 
were routed with great loss. This won for him un- 
bounded praise in the North. On the 4th of Febru- 
ary, 1864, Congress revived the grade of lieutenant- 
general, and the rank was conferred on Gen. Grant. 
He repaired to Washington to receive his credentials 
•ind enter upon '.!"■ duties of his new office 

Gen. Grant decided as soon as he took cliarge ol 
the army to concentrate the widely-dispersed National 
troops for an attack upon Richmond, the nominal 
capital of the Rebellion, and endeavor there to de- 
stroy the rebel armies which would be promptly as- 
sembled from all quarte.-s for its defence. The whole 
continent seemed to tremble under the trampof these 
majestic armies, rushing to the decisive battle field. 
Steamers were crowded with troops. Railway trains 
were burdened 'with closely packed thousands. His 
plans were comprehensive and involved a series of 
campaigns, which were executed with remarkable en- 
ergy and ability, and were consummated at the sur- 
render of Lee, April 9, 1865. 

The war was ended. The Union was saved. The 
almost unanimous voice of the Nation declared Gen. 
Grant to be the most prominent instrument in its sal- 
vation. The eminent services he had thus rendered 
the country brought him conspicuously forward as the 
Republican candidate for the Presidential chair. 

At the Republican Convention held at Chicago. 
May 21, 1S68, he was unanimously nominated for the 
Presidency, and at the autumn election received a 
majority of the popular vote, and 214 out of 294 
electoral votes. 

The National Convention of the Republican party 
which met at Philadelphia on the 5th of June, 1S72, 
placed Gen. Grant in nomination for a second tenn 
by a unanimous vote. The selection was emphati- 
cally indorsed by the people five months later, 292 
electoral votes being cast for him. 

Soon after the close of his second term. Gen. Grant 
started upon his famous trip around the world. He 
visited almost every country of the civilized world, 
and was everywhere received with such ovations 
and demonstrations of respect and honor, private 
as well as public and official, as were never before 
bestowed upon any citizen of the LTnited States. 

He was the most prominent candidate before the 
Republican National Convention in 1S80 for a re- 
nomination for President. He went to New York and 
embarked in tlie brokerage business under the firm 
nameof Grant & Ward. The latter proved a villain, 
wrecked Grant's fortune, and for larceny was sent to 
the penitentiary. The General was attacked with 
cancer in the throat, but suffered in his stoic-like 
manner, never complaining. He was re-instated as 
General of the Army and retired by Congress. The 
cancer soon finished its deadly work, and July 23, 
1S85, tlie nation went in mourning over the death of 
the illustrious General. 


,£^ oA 




the nineteenth President of 
^"the United States, was born in 
Delaware, O., Oct. 4, 1822, al- 
most three months after the 
'^ death of his father, Rutherford 
Hayes. His ancestry on both 

the paternal and maternal sides, 
was of the most honorable char- 
acter. It can be traced, it is said, 
as far back as 1280, when Hayes and 
Rutherford were two Scottish chief- 
tains, fighting side by side with 
Baliol, William Wallace and Robert 
Bruce. Both families belonged to the 
nobility, owned e.xtensive estates, 
and had a large following. Misfor- 
rane cvvmking the family, George Hayes left Scot- 
land in 1600, and settled in Windsor, Conn. His son 
George wa^ born in Windsor, and remained there 
during his li.'e. Daniel Hayes, son of the latter, mar- 
ried Sarah Lee, and lived from the time of his mar- 
riage until his death in Simsbury, Conn. Ezekiel, 
son of Daniel, was born in 1724. and was a manufac- 
turer of scythes at Bradford, Conn. Rutherford Hayes, 
son of Ezekiel ai.dgrandfatherof President Hayes, was 
born in New Haven, in .■Vugust, 1756. He was a farmer, 
blacksmith and tavern-keeper. He emigrated to 
Vermont at an uirknown date, settling in Erattleboro, 
where he established a hotel. Here his son Ruth- 
erford Hayes the father of President Hayes, was 

born. He was married, in September, 1813, to Sophia 
Birchard, of Wilmington, Vt., whose ancestors emi- 
grated thither from Connecticut, tliey having been 
among the wealthiest and best famlies of Norwich. 
Her ancestry on the male side are traced back to 
1635, to John Birchard, one of the principal founders 
of Norwich. Both of her grandfathers were soldiers 
in the Revolutionary War. 

The father of President Hayes was an industrious 
frugal and opened-hearted man. He was of a me 
chanical turn, and could mend a plow, knit a stock- 
ing, or do almost anything else that he choose to 
undertake. He was a member of the Church, active 
in all the benevolent enterprises of the town, and con- 
ducted his business on Christian principles. After 
the close of the war of :8i2, for reasons ine.xplicable 
to his neighbors, he resolved to emigrate to Ohio. 

The journey from Vermont to Ohio in that day 
when there were no canals, steamers, not railways, 
was a very serious affair. ■ A tour of inspection was 
first made, occupying four months. Mr. Hayes deter 
mined to move to Delaware, where the family arrived 
in 1817. He died July 22, 1822, a victim of malarial 
fever, less than three months before the birth of the 
son, of whom we now write. Mrs. Hayes, in her sore be- 
reavement, found the support she so much needed in 
her brother Sardis, who had been a member of the 
household from the day of its departure from Ver- 
mont, and in an orphan girl whom she had adopted 
some rime before as an act of charity. 

Mrs. Hayes at this period was very weak, and the 



subject of this sketch was so feeble at birth that he 
was not expected to live beyond a month or two at 
most. As the months went by he grew weaker and 
weaker, so that the neighbors were in the habit of in- 
quiring from time to time " if Mrs. Hayes' baby died 
last night." On one occasion a neighbor, who was on 
familiar terms with the family, after alluding to the 
boy's big head, and the mother's assiduous care of 
him, said in a bantering way, " That's right! Stick to 
him! Vou have got him along so far, and I shouldn't 
wonder if he would really come to something yet."^ 

" Vou need not laugh," said Mrs. Hayes. "You 
'vait and see. You can't tell but I shall make him 
President of the United States yet." The boy lived, 
in spite of the universal predictions of his speedy 
death; and when, in 1S25, his older brother was 
drowned, he became, if possible, still dearer to his 

The boy was seven years old before he w^nt to 
school. His education, however, was not neglected. 
He probably learned as much from his mother and 
sister as he would have done at school. His sports 
were almost wholly within doors, his playmates being 
his sister and her associates. These circumstances 
tended, no doubt, to foster that gentleness of dispo- 
sition, and that delicate consideration for the feelings 
of others, which are marked traits of his character. 

His uncle Sardis Birchard took the deepest interest 
in his education; and as the boy's health had ini- 
'proved, and he was making good progress in his 
studies, he proposed to send him to college. His pre- 
paration commenced with a tutor at home; bat he 
was afterwards sent for one year to a professor in the 
Wesleyan University, in Middletown, Conn. He en- 
tered Kenyon College in 1838,31 the age of sixteen, 
and was graduated at the head of his class in 1842. 

Immediately after his graduation he began the 
study of law in the office of Thomas Sparrow, Esq., 
in Columbus. Finding his opportunities for study in 
Columbus somewhat limited, he determined to enter 
tlie Law School at Cambridge, Mass., where he re- 
mained two years. 

In 1 S45, after graduating at the Law School, he was 
admitted to the bar at Marietta, Ohio, and shortly 
afterward went into practice as an attorney-at-law 
witli R.alph P.-Buckland, of Fremont. Here he re- 
mained three years, acquiring but a limited practice, 
and apparently unambitious of distinction in his pro- 

^ji 1849 he moved to Cincmnati, where his ambi- 
tion found a new stimulus. For several years, how- 
ever, his progress was slow. Two events, occurring at 
this period, had a powerful influence uixin his subse- 
quent '.ife. One of these was his marrage witli Miss 
Lucy Ware Webb', daughter of Dr. Jarnes Webb, of 
Chilicothe; the other was his introduction to the Cin- 
cinnati Literary Club, a body embracing among its 
members such men as'^^hief justice Salmon P. Chase, 

Gen. John Pope, Gov. Edward F. Noyes, and many 
others hardly less distinguished in after life. The 
marriage was a fortunate one in every respect, as 
everybody knows. Not one of all the wives of our 
Presidents was more universally admired, reverenced 
and beloved than was Mrs. Hayes, and no one did 
more than she to reflect honor upon American woman- 
hood. The Literary Cluu brought Mr. Hayes into 
constant association with young men of high char- 
acter and noble aims, and lured him to display the 
qualities so long hidden by his bashfulne-,s and 

In 1S56 he was nominated to the office of Judg; of 
the Court of Common Pleas; but he declined to ac. 
cept the nomination. Two years later, the office o( 
city solicitor becoming vacant, the City Co'.incil 
elected him for the unexpired term. 

In 1 86 1, when the Rebellion broke out, he was at 
the zenith of his professional lif .. His rank at the 
bar was among tlie the first. But the news of the 
attack on Fort Sumpter found him eager to take 'in 
arms for the defense of his country. 

His military record was bright and illustrious. In 
October, 1S61, he was made Lieutenant-Colonel, and 
in August, 1S62, promoted Colonel of the 79111 Ohio 
regiment, but he refused to leave his old comrades 
and go among strangers. Subsequently, however, he 
was made Colonel of his old regiment At the battle 
of South Mountain he received a wound, and while 
faint and bleeding displayed courage and fortitude 
that won admiration from all. 

Col. Hayes was detached from liis regiment, after 
his recovery, to act as Brigadier-General, and placed 
in command of the celebrated Kanawha division, 
and for gallant and meritorious services in the battles 
of Winchester, Fisher's Hill and Cedar Creek, he was 
promoted He was also brevetted 
Major-General, "for gallant and distinguished services 
during the campaigns of 1S64, in West Virginia." In 
the course of his arduous services, four horses were 
shot from under him, and he was wounded four times. 

In 1864, Gen. Hayes was elected to Congress, from 
the Second Ohio District, which had long been Dem- 
ocratic. He was not present during the campaign, 
and after his election was importuned to resign his 
commission in the army; but he finally declared, " I 
shall never come to Washington until I can come by 
the way of Richmond." He was re-elected in 1806. 

Ir. 1867, Gen Hayes was elected Governor of CHiio, 
over Hon. Allen G. Thurman, a popular Democrat. 
In 1869 was re-elected over George H. Pendleton. 
He was elected Governor for the third term in 1875. 

In 1S76 he was the standard bearer of the Repub- 
lican P.irty in ttie Presidential contest, and after a 
hard long contest was chosen President, and was in 
augurated Mond.ay, March 5, 1875. He served his 
full term, not, hcwever, with satisfaction to his party, 
but his administration was an average or^-^ 

J^^ -'-v, 





I liMiii a, ^HillW. I 

tieth President of the United 
States, was born Nov. ig, 
I S3 1, in the woods of Orange, 
Cuyahoga Co., O His par- 
ents were Abram and Ehza 
(Ballou) Garfield, both of New 
'f^ England ancestr)- and from fami- 
lies well known in the early his- 
*i, tory of that section of oar coun- 
try, but had moved to the Western 
Reserve, in Ohio, early in its settle- 

The house in which James A. was 
born was not unlike the houses of 
poor Ohio farmers of that day. It 
.t!C about 20x30 feet, built of logs, with the spaces be- 
tween the logs filled with clay. His father was a 
.nard working farmer, and he soon had his fields 
cleared, ap orchard planted, and a log barn built. 
f he household comprised the father and mother and 
•heir four children — Mehetabel, Thomas, Mary and 
'ames. In May, 1823^ the father, from a cold con- 
.racted in helping to put out a forest fire, died. At 
(his time James was about eighteen months old, and 
Thomas about ten years old. No one, perhaps, can 
:ell how much James was indetted to his biother's 
toil and self sacrifice during the twenty years suc- 
ceeding his father's death, but undoubtedly very 
much. He now lives in Michigan, and the two sis- 
itrs live in Solon, O., near their birthplace. 

The early educational advantages young Garfield 
enjoyed were very limited, yet he made the most of 
them. He labored at farm work for others, did car- 
penter work, chopped wood, or did anything that 
would liring in a few dollars to aid his widowed 
mother in he' struggles to keep the little family to- 

gether. Nor was Gen. Garfield ever ashamed of his 
origin, and he never forgot the friends of his strug- 
gling childhood, youth and manhood, neither did they 
ever forget him. When in the highest seats of honor 
the humblest fjiend of his boyliood was as kindly 
greeted as ever. The poorest laborer was sure of the 
sympathy of one who had known all the bitterness 
of want and the sweetness of bread earned 1 y the 
sweat of the brow. He was ever the simple, ulain, 
modest gentleman. 

The highest ambition of young Garfield until hi 
was about si.xteen years old was to be a captain of 
a vessel on Lake Erie. He was anxious to go aboard 
a vessel, which his mother strongly opposed. She 
finally consented to his going to Cleveland, with the 
understanding, however, that he should try to obtair 
some other kind of employment. He walked all the 
way to Cleveland. This was his first visit to the city 
After making many applications for work, and trying 
to get aboard a lake vessel, and not meeting with 
success, he engaged as a driver for liis cousin, Amos 
Letcher, on the Ohio & Pennsylvania Canal. He re- 
mained at this work but a short time when he went 
home, and attended the seminar;' at Chester for 
about three years, when he entered Hiram and the 
Eclectic Institute, teaching a few terms of school in 
the meantime, and doing other work. This school 
was started by the Disciples of Christ in 1850, of 
which church he was then a member. He became 
janitor and bell-ringer in order to help pay his wav 
He then became both teacher and pupil. He soon 
" exhausted Hiram " and needed more ; hence, in the 
fall of 1S54, he entered Williams College, from which 
he graduated in 1S56, taking one of the highest h(fc.- 
ors of his class. He afterwards returned to Hiram 
College as its President. As above stated, he early 
united with the Christian or Diciples Church at 
Hiram, and was ever after a devoted, zealous mem- 
ber, often preaching in its pulpit and places where 
he happened to be. Dr. Noah Porter, President of 
Yale College, says of him in reference to hisrelision: 



" President Garfield was more than a man of 
strong moral and religious convictions. His whole 
history, from boyhood to the last, shows that duty to 
man and to God, and devotion to Christ and life and 
faith and spiritual commission were controlling springs 
of his being, and to a more than usual degree. In 
my jadgmeni. there is no more interesting feature of 
(lis character than his loyal allegiance to the body of 
Christians in which he was trained, and the fervent 
sympathy which he ever showed in their Christian 
communion. Not many of the few 'wise and mighty 
and noble who are called' show a similar loyalty to 
the less stately and cultured Christian communions 
in which they have been reared. Too often it is true 
that as they step upward in social and political sig- 
nificance they step upward from one degree to 
another in some of the many types of fashionable 
Christianity. President Garfield adhered to the 
church of his mother, the church in which he was 
trained, and in which he served as a pillar and an 
evangelist, and yet with the largest and most unsec- 
tarian charity for all 'who loveour Lord in sincerity.'" 

Mr. Garfield was united in marriage with Miss 
Lucretia Rudolph, Nov. 1 1, 1858, who proved herself 
worthy as the wife of one whom all the world loved and 
mourned. To them were born seven children, five of 
whom are still living, four boys and one girl. 

Mr. Garfield made his first political speeches in 1856, 
in Hiram and the neighboring villages, and three 
years later he began to speak at county mass-meet- 
ings, and became the favorite speaker wherever he 
was. During this year he was elected to the Ohio 
Senate. He also began to study law at Cleveland, 
and in 1S61 was admitted to the bar. The great 
Rebellion broke out in the early part of this year, 
and Mr. Garfield at once resolved to fight as he had 
talked, and enlisted to defend the old flag. He re- 
ceived his commission as Lieut. -Colonel of the Forty- 
second Regiment of Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Aug. 
14, 1S61. He was immediately put into active ser- 
vice, and before he had ever seen a gun fired in action, 
was placed in command of four regiments of infantry 
and eight companies of cavalry, charged with the 
work of driving out of his native State the officer 
'Humphrey Marshall) reputed to be the ablest of 
those, not educated to war whom Kentucky had given 
to the Rebelhon. This work was bravely and speed- 
ily accomplished, although against great odds. Pres- 
ident Lincoln, on his success commissioned him 
Brigadier-General, Jan. 10, 1S62; and as "he had 
been the youngest man in the Ohio Senate two years 
before, so now he was the youngest General in the 
army." He was with Gen. Buell's army at Shiloh, 
in its operations around Corinth and its march through 
.■\labama. He was then detailed as a member of the 
General Court-Martial for the trial of Gen. Fitz-John 
Porter. He was then ordered to report to Gen. Rose- 
crans, and was assigned to the " Chief of Staff." 

The military Wstory of Gen. Garfield closed with 

his brilliant services at Chickamauga, where he won 
the stars of the Major-General. 

Without an effort on his part Ge» Garfield was 
elected to Congress in the fall of 1S62 from the 
Nineteenth District of Oliio. This section of Ohio 
had been represented in Congiess for si.xty year* 
mainly by two men — Elisha Whittlesey and Joshui. 
R. Giddings. It was not without a struggle that he 
resigned his place in the army. At the time he en- 
tered Congress he was the youngest member in that 
body. Thert: he remained by successive re- 
elections until he was elected President in 1880. 
Of his labors in Congress Senator Hoar says : " Since 
the year 1864 you cannot think of a question whicK 
has been debated in Congress, or discussed before a 
tribunel of the American people, in regard to whict 
you will not find, if you wish instruction, the argu- 
ment on one side stated, in almost every instance 
better tlian by anybody else, in some speech made in 
the House of Representatives or on the hustings by 
Mr. Garfield." 

Upon Jan. 14, 18S0, Gen. Garfield was elected to 
the U. S. Senate, and on the eighth of June, of tiie 
same year, was nominated as the candidate of his 
party for President at the great Chicago Convention. 
He was elected in the following November, and on 
March 4, iSSi, was inaugurated. Probably no ad- 
ministration ever opened its existence under brighter 
auspices than that of President Garfield, and every 
day it grew in favor with the people, and by the first 
of July he had completed all the initiatory and pre- 
liminary work of his administration and was prepar- 
ing to leave the city to meet his friends, at Williams 
College. While on his way and at the depot, in com- 
pany with Secretary Elaine, a man stejjped behind 
him, drew a revolver, and fired directly at his back. 
The President tottered and fell, and as he did so the 
assassin fired a second shot, the bullet cutting the 
left coat sleeve of his victim, but in.licting no further 
injury. It has been very truthfully said that this was 
" the shot that was heard round the world " Never 
before in the history of the Nation had anything oc- 
curred which so nearly froze the blood of the people 
for the moment, as this awful deed. He was smit- 
ten on the brightest, gladdest day of all his life, and 
was at the summit of his power and hope. For eighty 
days, all during the hot months of July and August, 
he lingered and suffered. He, however, remained 
master of himself till the last, and by his magnificent 
bearing was teaching the country and the world the 
noblest of human lessons — how to live grandly in the 
very clutch of death. Great in life, he was surpass- 
ingly great in death. He passed serenely away Sept. 
19, 1883, at Elberon, N. J , on the very bank of the 
ocean, where he had been taken shortly previous. The 
world wept at his death, as it never had done on the 
death of any other man who had ever lived upon it. 
The murderer was duly tried, found guilty and exe- 
cuted, in one year after he committed the fouT deed. 



ill- ©Mis^sa's^ ^ 


^%'__^twenty-first Prcsi-^.m ijf the 

United States was bom in 

Franklin Cour ty, Vermont, on 

thefifthofOdober, 1830, andis 

the oldest of a family of two 

sons and five daughters. His 

father was the Rev. Dr. William 

Arthur, aBaptistd',rgyman,who 

emigrated to tb.s country froM 

the county, Ireland, in 

his :Sth year, and died in 1S75, in 

Newtonville, neaj Albany, after a 

long and successful ministry. 

Young Arthur was educated at 
Union College, S( henectady, where 
he excelled in all his studies. Af- 
ter his graduation he taught school 
S in Vermont for two years, and at 
the expiration cf that time came to 
New York, with $5°'^ i" his ;xjcket, 
and catered the office of e.x-Judge 
E. D. Culver as student. After 
being admitted to the bar he formed 
a partnership with his intimate friend and room-mate, 
Henry D. Gardiner, with the intention of practicing 
in the West, and for three months they roamed about 
\\\ the Western Slates in search of an elisible site, 
but in the end returned to New York, where they 
nungout their shingle, and entered upon a success- 
111! career almost from the start. General Arthur 
soon atterward niirr'^d the daughter of Lieutenant 

Hemdon, of the United States Navy, who was lost at 
sea. Congress voted a gold medal to his widow in 
recognition of the bravery he displayed on that occa- 
sion. Mrs. Arthur died shortly before Mr. Arthur's 
nomination to the Vice Presidency, leaving two 

Gen. Arthur obtained considerable legal celebrity 
in his first great case, the famous Leramon suit, 
brought to recover possession of eight slaves who had 
been declared free by Judge Paine, of the Superior 
Court of New York City. It was in 1S5; that Ton. 
athan Lemmon, of Virginia, went to New York with 
his slaves, intending to ship them to Texas, when 
they were discovered and freed. The Judge decided 
that they could not be held by the owner under the 
Fugitive Slave Law. A howl of rage went up from 
the South, and the Virginia Legislature authorized the 
Attorney General of that State to assist in an appeal. 
Wm. M. Evarts and Chester A. Arthur were employed 
to represent the People, and they won their case, 
which then went to the Supreme Court of the United 
States. Charles 0"Conor here espoused the cause 
of the alave-holders, but he too was beaten bv Messrs 
Evarts and Arthur, and a long step was taken toward 
the emancipation of the black race. 

Another great service was rendered bv General 
Arthur in the same cause in 1S56. Lizzie Jennings, 
a respectable colored woman, was put off a Fourth 
.'\ venue car with violence after she had paid her fare. 
General Arthur sued on her behalf, and secured a 
verdict of S500 damages. The next day the compa- 
ny issued an order to admit colored persons to ride 
on their cars, and the other car companies quickly 


followed their example. Before that the Sixth Ave- 
nue Company ran a few special cars for colored per- 
sons and the other lines refused to let them ride at all. 

General Arthur was a delegate to the Convention 
at Saratoga that founded the Republican party. 
Previous to the war he was Judge-Advocate of the 
Second Brigade of the State of New York, and Gov- 
ernor Morgan, of that State, appointed him Engineer- 
in-Chief of his staff. In 1861, he was made Inspec- 
tor General, and soon afterward became Quartermas- 
ter-General. In each of these offices he rendered 
great service to the Government during the war. At 
the end of Governor Morgan's term he resumed the 
practice of the law, forming a partnership with Mr. 
Ransom, and then Mr. Phelps, the District Attorney 
of New Yoik, was added to the finn. The legal prac- 
tice of this well-known firm was very large and lucra- 
tive, each of the gentlemen composing it were able 
lawyers, and possessed a splendid local reputation, if 
not indeed one of national extent. 

He always took a leading part in State and city 
politics. He was appointed Collector of the Port of 
New York by President Grant, Nov. 21 1S72, to suc- 
ceed Thomas Murphy, and held the office until July, 
10, 187S, when he was succeeded by Collector Merritt. 

Mr. Arthur was nominated on the Presidential 
ticket, with Gen. James A. Garfield, at the famous 
National Republican Convention held at Chicago in 
June, iSSo. This was perhaps the greatest political 
convention that ever assembled on thecontinent. It 
was composed of the leading politicians of the Re- 
publican party, all able. men, and each stood firm and 
fought vigorously and with signal tenacity for their 
respective candidates that were before the conven- 
tion for the nomination. Finally Gen. Garfield re- 
ceived the nomination for President and Gen. Arthur 
for Vice-President. The campaign which followed 
was one of the most animated known in the history of 
our country'. Gen. Hancock, the standard-bearer of 
the Democratic party, was a popular man, and his 
party made a valiant fight for his election. 

Finally the election came and the country's choice 
.vas Garfield and Arthur. They were inaugurated 
•vlarch 4, 188 1, as President and Vice-President. 
A few months only had passed ere the newly chosen 
President was the victim of the assassin's bullet. Then 
came terrible weeks of suffering, — those moments of 
inxious suspense, when the hearts of all civilized na- 

tions were throbbing in unison, longing for the re 
covery of the noble, the good President. The remark- 
able patience that he manifested during those hours 
and weeks, and even months, of the most terrible suf- 
fering man has often been called upon to endure, was 
seemingly more than human. It was certainlv God- 
like. During all this period of deepest anxiety Mr, 
Arthur's ever)' move was watched, and be it said to hi? 
credit that his every acrion displayed only an earnest 
desire that the suffering Garfield might recover, to 
serve the remainder of the term he had so auspi- 
ciously begun. Not a selfish feeling was manifestec^ 
in deed or look of this man, even though the most 
honored position in the world was at any niomen* 
likely to fall to him. 

At last God in his mercy relieved President Gar- 
field from further suffering, and the world, as nevei 
before in its history over the death of any othei 
man, wept at his bier. Then it became the duty 0/ 
the Vice President to :.3sume the responsibilitR-s ol 
the high office, and he took the oath in New York. 
Sept. 20, i88t. The position was an embarr.tssing 
one to him, made doubly so from the facts that all 
eyes were on him, anxious to know what he would do, 
what policy he would pursue, and who he would se- 
lect as advisers. The duties of the office had been 
greatly neglected during the President's long illness, 
and many important measures were to be immediately 
decided by him; and still farther to embarrass him he 
did not fail to realize under what circumstances he 
became President, and knew the feelings of many on 
this point. Under these trying circumstances President 
Arthur took the reins of the Government in his owi, 
hands; and, as embarrassing as were the condition c^f 
affairs, he happily surprised the nation, acting so 
wisely ihat but few criticisea his administration. 
He served the nation well and faithfully, until the 
close of his administration, March 4, 18S5, and was 
a popular candidate before his party for a second 
term. His name was ably presented before the con- 
vention at Chicago, and was received with great 
favor, and doubtless but for the personal popularity 
of one of the opposing candidates, he would have 
been selected as the standard-bearer of his party 
for another campaign. He retired to private life car- 
rying with him the best wishes of the American peo- 
ple, whom he had served in a manner satisfactory 
to them and with credit to himself. 



^ }^.^/ C/^^/co^^-^^^ 


|» ©rowic @leyeIi5Hj!. 


I AND, the twenty-second Pres- 
ident of the United States, was 
born in 1S37, in the obscure 
town of Caldwell, Essex Co., 
N. J., and in a little two-and-a- 
h ilf story white house which is still 
standing, characteristically to mark 
the humble birth-place of one of 
Amenca's great men in striking con- 
trait with the Old World, where all 
men high in office must be high in 
ori^n and born in the cradle of 
wealth When the subject of this 
sketch was three years of age, his 
father, who was a Presbyterian min- 
ister, with a large family and a small salary, moved, 
Dy way c: the Halson River and Erie Canal, to 
Favetteville, in search of an increased income and a 
larger field of work. Favetteville was then the most 
straggling of country villages, about five miles from 
Pompey Hill, where Governor Seymour was born. 

At the last mentioned place young Grover com- 
menced going to school in the "good, old-fashioned 
way," and presumably distinguished himself after tlie 
manner of all village boys, in doing the things he 
ought not to do. Such is the distinguishing trait of 
all geniuses and independent thinkers. When he 
arrived at the age of 14 years, he had outgrown the 
capacity of the village school and expressed a most 

emphatic desire to be sent to an academy. To this 
his father decidedly objected. Academies in those 
days cost money; besides, his father wanted him to 
become self-supiwrting by the quickest possible 
means, and this at that time in Fayette/iUe seemed 
to be a position in a country store, where his father 
and the large family on his hands had considerable 
inri.ience. Grover was to be paid $50 for his services 
llie first year, and if he proved trustworthy he was to 
receive $100 the second year. Here the lad com- 
menced his career as salesman, and in two years he 
had earned so good a reputation for trustworthiness 
that his employers desired to retain him for an in- 
definite length of time. Otherwise he did not e.x- 
hibit as yet any particular " flashes of genius " or 
eccentricities of talent. He was simply a good boy. 
But instead of remaining with this firm in Fayette- 
ville, he went with the family in their removal to 
Clinton, w!iere lie had an opportunity of attending a 
high school. Here he industriously pursued his 
studies until the fami'v removed with him to a point 
on Black River known as the " Holland Patent," a 
village of 500 or 600 people, 15 miles north of Utica, 
.M. Y. .■\.t this place his father died, after preaching 
but three Sundays. This event broke up the family, 
and Grover set out for New York City to accept, at a 
small salary, the position of " under-teacher " in an 
asylum for the blind. He taught faithfully for two 
years, and although he obtained a good reputation in 
this capacity, he concluded that teaching was not his 


calling for life, and, reversing the traditional order, 
ne left the city tc =eeV his fortune in?t=-'' o' '^'-■'r;? 
to a city. He first tnougnc oi Cleveland, Ohio, as 
th»"re was some charm in name for him ; but 
before proceeding to that place he went to Buffalo to 
jsk the advice of his uncle, Lewis F. Allan, a noted 
stockbreeder of that place. The latter did not 
;pi;ak eathusiastically. "What is it you want to do, 
my boy?" he asked. "Well, sir, I want to study 
la\"," was the reply. "Good gracious [" remarked 
ih" old gentleman ; " do you, indeed ? What ever put 
that into your head? How much money have you 
got?" "Well, sir, to tell the truth, I haven't got 

After a long consultation, his uncle offered him a 
place temporarily as assistant herd-keeper, at $50 a 
year, wriile he could " look around." One day soon 
afterward he boldly walked into the office of Rogers, 
Bowen & Rogers, of Buffalo, and told Lhem what he 
wanted. A number of young men were already en- 
gaged in the office, but Grover's persistency won, and 
ne was finally permitted to come as an office boy and 
nave the use of the law library, for the nominal sum 
of §3 or $4 a week. Out of this he had to pay for 
his board and washing. The walk to and from his 
uncle's was a long and rugged one; and, although 
the first winter was a memorably severe one, his 
shoes were out of repair and his overcoat — he had 
cone — yet he was nevertheless prompt and regular. 
On the first day of his service here, his senior em- 
ployer threw down a copy of Blackstone before him 
with a bang that made the dust fly, saying "That's 
where they all begin." A titter ran around the little 
circle of clerks and students, as they thought that 
was enough to scare young Grover out of his plans ; 
out in due time he mastered that cumbersome volume. 
Then, as ever afterward, however, Mr. Cleveland 
exhibited a talent for execuliveness rather than for 
chasing principles through all their metaphysical 
possibilities. " Let us quit talking and go and do 
it," was practically his motto. 

The first public office to which Mr. Cleveland was 
ejected was that of Sheriff of Erie Co., N. Y-, in 
which BuSfalo is situated; and in such capacity it fell 
to his duty to inflict capital iii'-'.ishment upon two 
can.inals. Li tS8i he was elected Mayor of the 
City of BulTalo. on the Democratic ticket, with es- 
pecial reference to the bringing about certain reforms 

in the administration of the municipal affairs of tliat 
rit" Tn this office, qp w^l as that of Sheriff, his 
penormance of dury has generally been considered 
fair, with possibly a few exceptions which were fer-. 
reted out and magnified during the last Presidential 
campaign. As a specimen of his plain language in 
a veto raess.age, we quote ftom one vetoing an iniqui 
tous street-cleaning contract: "This is a time fo\ 
plain speech, and my objection to your action shall 
be plainly stated. I regard it as the culmination of 
a mos bare-faced, impudent and shameless scheme 
to betr.ay the interests of the people and to worsj 
than squander the people's money." The New York 
Sun afterward very highly commended Mr. Cleve- 
land's administration as Mayor of Buffalo, and tliere- 
ujwn recommended him for Governor of the Empire 
State. To the latter office he was elected i.i 1SS2, 
and his administration c.'' the affairs of Stite was 
generally satisfactory. The mistakes he made if 
any, were made very public throughout t;;e natio;i 
after he was nominated for President of the United 
States. For this high office he was nominated Jul) 
ir, 18S4, by the National Democratic Conventioi; £>' 
Chicago, when other competitors were Thomas •! 
Bayard, Roswell P. Flower, Thomas A. HendricU 
Beniamin F. Butler, Allen G. Thurman, etc.: and be 
was elected by the people, by a majority of al.'imt a 
thousand, over the brilliant and long-tried Repub 
lican statesman, James G. Blaine. President Cleve- 
land resigned his office as Governor of New York in 
January, 1S85, in order to prepare for his duties as 
the Chief Executive of the United States, in which 
capacity his term commenced at noon on the 4th ol 
March, 1SS5. For his Cabinet officers he selected 
the following gentlemen: For Secretary of State, 
Thomas F. Bayard, of Delaware; Secretary of the 
Treasury, Daniel Manning, of New York ; Secretary 
of War, William C. Endicott, of Massachusettr> ; 
Secretar)' of the Navy, William C. Whitney, of New 
York; Secretary of the Interior, L. Q. C. Lamar, of 
Mississippi; Postmaster-General, William F. ViUs, 
of Wisconsin ; Attorney-General, A. H. Garland, of 

The silver question precipitated a controver'.y be- 
tween those who were in favor of the condnuance of 
silver coinage and those who were opposed, Mr. 
Cleveland answering for the latter, even before his 

^'^CSjZ^uY ^^^z^'^-^^^-^-'-f^'-'^ 




twenty-thiril President, is 
the descendant of one of the 
historical families of this 
country. The head of the 
family was a Major General 
Harrison, one of Oliver 
Cromwell's trusted follow- 
ers and fighters. In the zenith of Crom- 
well's power it became the duty of this 
Harrison to participate in tne trial of 
Charles I, and afterward tc sign the 
deach warrant of the king. He subse- 
quently paid for this wiih his life, being 
hung Oct. 13, 16G0. His descendants 
came to America, and the next of the 
family that appears in history is Benja- 
rrin Harrison, of Virginia, great-grand- 
father of the subject of this sketch, and 
after whom he was named. Benjamin Harrison 
■^^as a member of the Continental Congress during 
the years i774^5-6, and was one of the original 
signers of the Declaration of Independence. He 
wa t'uree times elected Governor of Virginia. 
Gen "W'iiliara Henrv Harrison, the son of the 

distinguished patriot of the Revolution, after a sno. 
cessfu! career as a soldier during the War of 1812, 
and with-a clean record as Governor of the North- 
western Territory, was elected President of the 
United States in 1840. His carser was cut short 
by death within one month -ifter liis in-uguration. 
President Harrison wi- bcrn at ?>Toi-''-. Bond, 
Hamilton Co., Ohio, Aug. "0, 18.5.3, His life up to 
the time of his graduation by the Miami University, 
at Oxford, Ohio, was the uneventful one of a coun- 
try lad of a family of small me.ans. His father was 
able to give him a good education, and nothing 
more. He became engaged while at college to ti^.^ 
daughter of Dr. Scott, Principal of a female schoo 
at Oxford. After graduating he determined to en- 
ter upon the study of the law. He went to Cin 
cinnati and then read law for two years. At the 
expiration of that time young Harrison receiv;: J tt" 
only inheritance of his life; his aunt dying left uin; 
a lot valued at §800. He regarded this legacy as a 
fortune, and decided to get married at once, 'aka 
this money and go to some Eastern town an', oe- 
gin the practice of law. He sold his lot, and with 
the money in his pocket, he started out wita his 
young wife to fight for a place in the world- Ms 



decided to go to Indianapolis, which was even at 
that time a town of proiiiisc. lie met witli slig'.it 
encouragement at first, making scarcely anything 
the first year. lie worked diligently, applying him- 
self closely to his calling, built up an extensive 
practice and took a leading rank in the legal pro- 
lession. lie is the father of two children. 

In 18(30 Mr. Harrison was nominated for the 
position of Supreme Court Reporter, and tlien be- 
gan his experience as a stump speake; lie can- 
vassed the State thoroughly, and was elected by a 
handsome majority. In 1S(32 he raised the 17th 
Indiana Infantry, and was chosen its Colonel. His 
regiment was composed of *he rawest of material, 
out Col. Harrison employed all his time at first 
mastering military tactics and drilling his men, 
when he therefore came to move toward the East 
with Sherman his regiment was one of the best 
drilled and organizerl in the army. At Resaca he 
especially distinguished himself, and for his bravery 
at Peachtree Creek he was made a Brigadier Gen- 
eral, Gen. Hooker speaking of him in the most 
^complimentary terms. 

During the absence of Gen. Harrison in the field 
he Supreme Court declared the office of the Su- 
preme Court Reporter vacant, and another person 
was elected to the position. From the time of leav- 
ing Indiana with his regiment until the fall oi 1S64 
he had taken no leave of absence, but having been 
nomicated that year for the same office, he got a 
thirty-da}' leave of absence, and during that time 
made a brilliant canvass of the State; and was elected 
for another term. He then started to rejoin Sher- 
man, but on the way was stricken down with scarlet 
;ever, and after a most trying siege made his way 
to the front in time to participate in the closing 
xcidents of the war. 

In 1868 Gen. Harrison declined re-election as 
.•eporter, and resumed the practice of law lu 167G 
fle was a candidate for Governor. Althangh de- 
-€ated, the brilliant campaign hi- iiade won lOrhim 
a National reputation, and he was aiuch sought, es- 
pecia^.y in the East, to make speeches. In 1830, 
as usual, he took an activt part in i,ae campaign, 
and wuc elected to the Tnited St.ates Senate. Here 
lie aevved sis years, anc "ras known as one c the 
ibiest men, best lawyer'' strongest debaters in 

that body. With the expiration of his Scnalonul 
term ho returned to the practice of his profession, 
becoming the head of one of tlie strongest firnis in 
the State. 

The political campaign of 1888 was one of the 
most memorable in the history of our country. The 
convention which assembled in Chicago in .June and 
named Mr. Harrison as the chief standard bearer 
of the Republican party, was great in every partic- 
ular, and on this .account, and the attitude it as- 
sumed upon the vital questions of the day, chief 
among which was the tariff, awoke a deep interest 
in the campaign throughout the Nation. Shortly 
after the nomination delegations began to visit Mr.. 
Harrison at Indianapolis, his home. This move- 
ment became popular, and from all sections of the 
country societies, clubs and delegations journeyed 
thither to pay their respects to the distinguished 
statesman. The popularity of these was greatly 
incre:ised on account of the remarkable speeches 
made by Mr. Harrison. He spoke daily all through 
the summer and autumn to these visiting delega- 
tions, and so varied, masterly and eloquent Were 
his speeches that they at once placed him in the 
foremost rank of American orators and statesmen. 

On account of his eloquence as a speaker and hi" 
power as a debater, he was called upon at an un- 
commonly early age to take part in the discussion, 
of the great questions that tlien began to agitate 
the country. He was an uncompromising anti 
slavery man, and was matched against some of t'j.e 
most eminent Democi'atic speakers of his Stato^ 
No man who felt the touch of his blade dsj'red tc 
be pitted with him again. AVith all his e'oq-ence 
.as ail orator he never spoke for oratorical elfect, 
but his words always went like bullets to the mark 
He is purely American in his ideas and it a splec 
did t^-pe of the American statesman. Gifted witu 
quick perception, a logical mind and a ready tongue, 
he is one of the most distinguished impromptu 
speakers in the Nation. Many of these speeches 
sparkled with the rarest of eloquence and contained 
arguments of greatest weight. Many of his terse 
statements have already become aphorisms. Origi- 
nal in tliought precise in logic, terse in statement, 
ye' withal faultless in eloquence, he is recognized as 
the sound statesman and brili'an orator c- ta-, day 


'^, 5.y 



^HE time has arrived when it 
becomes the duty of the 
people of this coaiity to per- 
petuate the names of their 
pioneers, to furnish a record 
of their early settlement, 
and relate tlie story of their 
progress. The civilization of our 
day, the enlightenment of the age 
and the duty that men of the pres- 
ent time owe to their ancestors, to 
themselves and to their posterity, 
demand that a record of their lives 
and deeds should be made. In bio- 
graphical history is found a power 
to instruct man by precedent, to 
enliven the mental faculties, and 
to waft down the river of time a 
safe vessel in which the names and actions of the 
people who contributed to raise this country from its 
primitive state may be preserv.-d. Surely and rapidly 
the great and aged men, who in their prime entered 
the wilderness and claimed the virgin soil as their 
heritage, are passing to their graves. The number re- 
maining who can relate the incidents of the first days 
Df settlement is becoming small indeed, so that an 
actual necessity e.xists for the collection and preser- 
vation of events without delay, before all the early 
settlers are cut down by the scytlie of Time. 

To be forgotten has been the great dread of mankind 
from remotest ages. All will be forgotten soon enough, 
in spite of their best worlcs and the most e.irnest 
efforts of their friends to perserve the memory of 
their lives. The means employed to prevent oblivion 
and to perpetuate their memory has been in propor- 
tion to the amount of intelligence they possessed. 
Th-; pyramids of Egvpt were built to perpetuate the 
names and deeds of their great rulers. Tire exhu- 
mations made by the aroheologists uf Egypt from 
Vjuried -Memphis indicate a desire of those people 

to perpetuate the memory of their achievements 
The erection of the great obelisks were for the same 
purpose. Coming down to a later period, we find the 
Greeks and Romans erecting mausoleums and monu- 
ments, and carving out statues to chronicle their 
great achievements and carry them down the ages. 
It is also evident that the Mound-builders, in piling 
up their great mounds of earth, had but this idea— 
to leave something to show that they had lived. .All 
t'aese works, though many of them costly in the ex- 
treme, give but a faint idea of the lives and charac- 
ters of those whose memory they were intended to 
perpetuate, and scarcely anything of the masses of 
the people that then lived. The great pyramids and 
some of the obelisks remain objects only of curiosity ; 
the mausoleums, monuments and statues are crum- 
bling into dust. 

It was left to modern ages to establish an intelH- 
gent, undecaying, immutable method of perpetuating 
a full history — immutable in that it is almost un- 
limited in e.xtent and perpetual in its action ; and 
this is through the art of printing. 

To the present generation, however, we are in- 
debted for the introduction of the admirable systeir 
of local biography. By tliis system every man, thougV 
he has not achieved what the world calls greatness, 
has the means to perpetuate his lite, his history, 
through the coming ages. 

The scythe of Time cuts down all ; nothing of the 
physical man is left. The monument wliich his chil- 
dren or friends may erect to his memory in the ceme- 
tery will crumble into dust and pass away; but his 
life, his achievements, the work he has accomplished, 
which otherwise would be forgotten, is perpetuated 
by a record of this kind. 

To preserve the lineaments of our companions we 
engrave their [xjrtraits, for the same reason we col- 
lect the attainable facts of their history. Nor do we 
think it necessary, as we speak only truth of tliem, to 
wait until they are dead, or until tho-^e "ho know 
them are gone: to do this we are a^h.mied only to 
publish t~> the woild ilie history of those whose live-- 
are unwenhy of oublic record. 



m"^ I- 

f!/„ OX. willia:m lawrexce. a. ;m.. ll. ix, 

r Ji lawyer, jurist, btntesmaii and author. Tlie 
lk>^f^ Lawrences of the Unitetl .States are descend- 

(^1 ants of Sir Robert Lawrence, of Ashton 
Hall, in Lancosbire, EnLrland. His grandson, 
.lames Laurence, in the reign of Henry IH, mar- 
I'ied Matilda "Washington, who belonged to the 
family from which George "W.ashington was de- 
scended. The Lawrences in England were distin- 
guished in politics and otherwise. One of them 
was a second cousin to Oliver Cromwell, and was 
Lord President of the Protector's Council and a 
member of the House of Lords. 

Joseph Lawrence was born in what is now Phila- 
delphia, near Byberry Friends Jleeting House, De- 
cember 2, 1793. He a soldier in Capt. Ben- 
ezefs company of Philadelphia (Uiards. in the 
War of isri. About 1816, he removed to Ohio, 
settling near St. Clairsvillo. but soon afterward 
went to Jit. Pleasant, Jefferson County, where he 
was married, October .30. 1817. to Temperance <-iil- 
crist. a native of Berlielev County, ^'a., burn Au- 
gust (5. 1792. 

William Lawrence, whose [wrtrail and biogi-.iiihy 
we here present, was born of these ]iarent.- at Mt. 
Pleasant, .lune 2i;. 1819. March 1. is;;i). the par- 
ents, witli their .-i>n and a daughter. Sarah, removed 
to a farm then recently purchased by the fallier 
near Uiclimon<l, Jefferson County, wliere they re- 
sided until the spring of ISolj. For the lirst three 
vears. the son William worked on the farm in tlie 

bunimer, and attended a common school during 
the winter, where he perfected a knowledge of the 
common branches of education, surveying and 
spherical trigonometry, and before he was thir- 
teen, wrot« out in book form a solution of Gum- 
mer's Surveying. 

Xovemter 1, 1833, our subject became a student 
in Rev. John C. Tidball's academy near Knox- 
ville, which was afterward lemoved to Richmond. 
Here he continued (except that he worked a por- 
tion of each summer on his father's farm) until the 
spring of 1836. He then entered the store of 
James Updegraff, at Mt. Pleasant, and remained 
there as clerk until the fall of the same year, when 
he becariie a student at Franklin College, Xew 
Athens, Ohio. He was graduated from that insti- 
tution with the degree of A. B.. and with the hon- 
ors of his class, and so delivered the valedictory 
address in the fall of 1838. 

His parents having in the siiring of 1836 re- 
moved to PennsviUe, Jlorgan County, our subject 
in Xoveniber. 1838, commenced the studv of law 
with James L. Gage, of JlcConnellsville. and w:is 
graduated with the degree of L. B.. at tlie Cincin- 
nati Law School in JLirch, 1810; was admitted to 
lu'actiee law b}- the Supreme Court of (Jhio. at 
Zanesville, in November, 1810; and was rejiorterfor 
the OJiio State Journal in the Ohio House of Rep- 
resentatives at the session of 1810-11. and a cor- 
respondent for the Zanesville Riqiuhli':aa and 31c- 
Connelliville Wlilq ^laadnnl. While a law student. 



lie taught a cominon school three months at Penns- 
ville. and a like period at McConnellsville, and 
had a somewhat extensive law practice before 
Justices of the Peace, by which means he more 
than defrayed his expenses. Ho practiced law in 
the court at McConnellsville, in tlie early part of 
1S41. but in .Tuly of that year commenced his 
practice in Bellefontaine, and has ever since con- 
tinued vigorously and successfully engaged in his 
profession, now more than fifty yeai-s, except when 
liis time devoted to tlie duties of the offices 
he luis filled. 

As a lawyer, the name of William Lawrence ap- 
pears in many volumes of the Ohio and Ohio State 
Rc|)iiits. in important land .and otlier cases, in the 
rcjiurt;> of the .Supreme Court of Kansas, and of 
the United States. By authority of Atty.-Gen. 
Williams, he was leading counsel in the great 
c;xse of the L. L. >t G. Railroad Company vs. the 
United States, in which nine hundred and sixty 
thousand acres of land were reclaimed b_v the 
nation and secured to settlers. From July 15, 
1841, to July 15, 1843, he was a law partner of 
Benjamin Stanton, afterward Member of Congress 
and Lieuten.ant-Governor of Ohio. From July, 
1851, to February, 1854, he a law partner with 
his law. student. William II. West, afterward At- 
torney-General of Ohio, Judge of the Supreme 
Court and candidate for Governor in 1877. J'rom 
April. 1866. to August, 1871, he was law partner 
of Emanuel J. Ilowenstinc. and following- that for 
some vears partner with his son. Jo.seph II. Law- 

In that greatest historic election contest for the 
Presidency before tlie Electoral Commission, 
under the Act of Congress of January 29, 1877, 
he was elected by the Repulilican members of the 
House of Representatives in Congress to argue 
two of the four contested State electoral votes, 
Oregon and South Carolina, and the record shows 
with what learning and ability he conducted the 
contest. His portrait is found in that great histor- 
ical painting purchased by Congress, and now in 
tlie Capitol, "The Electoral Commission," by the 
distinguished artist. JNIrs. C. Adele Fassett, of 
AVa-shington, D. C. 

The great law writer. Bishop, lias quotccl with 

approval from the law arguments of Judge Law- 
rence, as in " Bishop on Statutory Crimes," section 
14, note (ed. 1873); "Bishop's Criminal Law " (cd. 
1868), section 219 and note 1; and Paschal in his 
annoUxted " Constitution," third edition, page 424, 
savs of liis woik ou the " Law of Impeachable 
Crimes," used on the impeachment trial of Presi- 
dent Johnson, that: " In all that great trial there 
is no more accurate and precise learning, than is 
to be found in tlie brief of authorities uiion the 
law of imiieacliable crimes and misdemeanor?, pre- 
pared by Hon. William Lawrence, of Ohio, which 
w.os adopted by Mr. Butler." 

His printed briefs in law cases woulil make sev- 
eral good-sized volumes, some of whicli are found 
in the Government Law Library at Washington. 
He contributed law papers to sundry publica- 
tions, and among them to the Aincrifan Tmk: liiy- 
istfr, the Cinrinnati Lan: Record, and the Southern 
La>c Jievieir, including in the latter an extended 
review of the works of Joel Prentice Bi.-ho|i, and 
of Bliss on " Code Pleading." He has studied more 
branches of the law than members of the profes- 
sion generally. As lawyer and judge, he be- 
come familiar with the constitution and common 
law of Ohio; .as president of a court-martial for a 
month at Cumlierland, Md., in 1862, he studied 
the laws administered in such tribunals; as a mem- 
ber of the Judiciary Committee, of the Committee on 
the Revision of the Laws, and as Chairman of the 
Committee on War Claims, in llie popular branch 
of Congress, he became familiar with the constitu- 
tion and laws of the United States and inter-State 
and international law, including the laws of war; 
and as First Comptroller of the Department of the 
Trc.asurv, he became versed in the national ex- 
ecutive coiiimou law and in the construction of 

Judge Lawrence was one of the Ohio lawyers 
who, on July 9, 1880, at Cleveland, organized the 
Ohio State Bar Association. He is such a devoted 
stuilcnt of the law, that an officer in the Treasury 
Department (E. Graham Haywood, law clerk in 
the First Comptroller's office, who. like his distiu- 
CTuished father of North Carolina, is an able and 
accurate lawyer), well knowing his taste and 
habits, has said: - I believe when his call conies. 



at the 'sound of the I:i8t tninii> ' bo ivill Iiave a. 
law book iu liis banils." 

He has filled important luiblie ullites. In 1842. 
he was Commissioner of BanUrii|its for Logan 
Count3-. In 1845— (C, he was Prosecuting Attorney 
for the county, but resigned in 184G. and was 
elected a Representative in the Legislature, and re- 
elected in 1847: was eleetci] to the Senate in 1841), 
and again in IS.'il; dii March 20. IS.'il, he was 
elected by the Legislature Reporter ftu- the Su- 
preme Court of Oliio, and reported t!ie Twentieth 
Volume of Ohio Reports. In 1S.')l>. he was one of 
the Whig candidates on the Scott electoral ticket, 
but witli his party in the State defeated. In 
18.i6. he was elected .Judge of the Common Pleas 
and District Court in the Third Ohio District, 
comprising twenty counties; re-elected in ISOl, 
and served until September, 18G4, when he re- 
signed, and in October of that year was elected 
Representative in Congress. Under that and sub- 
sequent elections, five in all. he served for ten 
years, from Jlarch 4, \!<r,:>. to March 4, 1877, not 
including one term from March 4, 1871, to March 
4, 187:3. 

In 1862, during the Rebellion, he was Colonel of 
the Eighty-fourth Ohio (three-month's) Regiment, 
serving at Cumberland and New Creek, and for a 
month of that time he was President of a court- 
martial which tried many important cases. He 
has delivered many Decoration Day addresses; 
also speeches at reunions of soldiers of the Grand 
Army of the Republic. He is a charter member of 
Hurnside's Post Xo. 8, De]iartment of the Potomac, 
G. A. i;.. in AVasliington. 1). C, its first Com- 
niandei', and always an active member while in 
thatcit}-. Tlie charter is dated .Tune 1 1, 1882. and 
included the names of many citizens eminent in 
the military and political liijtmy of tlie country. 

In 186:5, .Tudge Lawrence was ap|iointed liy 
Pje?i(lent Lincoln Distrirt .ludge of Florida, liiit 
declined to accej)!. In .July. Lsso. President Mayes 
tendered him an appointiiieiit as Kii^t Cnia|itrolli'r 
in the Depaitmeiit i.f tlic Treasury of the I'liited 
States, which at first he declined, but tinaliy ac- 
cepted at the urgent leipie-t <.f tlie Pn->iileiit :iiid 
.lohn Sherman. Seci-etary of the Treasury. He 
was tlie proiirietor of the Logan Gazi-lk- at Lelle- 

fontaino, from March, 1845, to September, 1847, 
and its exclusive editor for the first six 
months of that period. He one of the editors 
of the four volumes of the Western Lair Monthl}j, 
published at Cleveland, 1859 to 1862, inclusive, in 
which, and in other law periodicals, many of his 
opinions as judge were published, sufficient in 
number to make a large volume. An able judne 
declared that his definition of a" reasonable doubt," 
in the Robbins case. Eighth Ohio .State Reports, 
was tlie best to be found in tlie books, and "Wliar- 
ton and Stille, in their work on '■ Medical .Jurispru- 
dence," have copied with approval almost entire 
one of his charges to a jury, in a case involving 
medico-legal questions connected with chloroform. 
In 1841-43, .Judge Lawrence studied medicine 
and surgery, and he has published some articles on 
these subjects, including one on " Clitlirophobia," 
in the Cincinnati Lancet. In some of his medical 
articles, he maintains that " disease in tlie human 
system is generally produced by the presence of 
something which should be absent, or by the 
alKcnce of some element which should be present, 
and that remedies should seek to remove the 
former and supply- the latter." Again he said: 
•'Generally the onlj- proper articles of diet are 
such as nature produces in the climate iu which we 
live. Capt. Hall, the Arctic explorer, once said to 
me that • the chief reason why Northern explorers 
had nearly all perished because they tried to 
live upon food adapted to the climates from which 
tliey came. To live in Arctic regions they must eat 
blubber and drink oil.' In equatorial regions, 
heat c:iuses waste of the system, which is counter- 
acted by the use of coffee, which nature there sup- 
plies, and which is injurious elsewhere under other 
cunditions. because it retards w.aste and so re- 
tains in the system effete matter — disorganized 
life cells — which would otherwise pass off by 
insensible perspiration, this latter openition be- 
ing es-rential to health. Pepper, oranyes, ba- 
lumas and other tro[>ical products are useful 
where the Almighty cau^i's them to gn.iw and 
hence intends them to be consumed, but under 
in>rraal cunditiims are injurious elsewhere." Again 
.ludge Lawrence said: •■ Fruits should lie eaten 
in their season. Nature ripens blackberrries at 



a time wbeii their .inti-e.ith.irtic qunlities are 
needed to counteract tendencies in the system re- 
quiring them. This is simply an illustration of 
the principle that God provided in eacli climate 
the food that man needs. He wlio cans for the 
winter green corn, berries, and summer vegetation 
having a brief period of ripened maturity before 
decay, ch.anges the plans of Providence, and those 
who consume such preparations incur the danger 
of receiving the penalties of violated law. lie 
should look through Xatnre up to Nature's (iod, 
and learn the wisdom by Him imparted in 'lessons 
written in Nature's book.' " 

Judge Lawrence luas always been especially in- 
terested in the study of i)hilosopliy and 
chemistry, which, like his other studies, he dili- 
gently pursued at college and in after life. While 
attending the Law .School, he .also attended some 
of the lectures on chemistry in the Ohio Medical 
CoUeae. He said: '■ Our books on these sub- 
jects must be rewritten. Tliere exists in universal 
sp.ace spirit-essence, and .at localities matter com- 
prising those elements of which chemistry Lakes 
cognizance. Jlatter is inert — it cannot .act or 
think — it has per se no power. Spirit-essence — 
God-thinks, acta — is the only force. There is no 
force or intelligence wliich is a quality of matter, 
as so-called attraction of gravitation, or of colie- 
sion or adhesion, or .as chemical affinity; each of 
these is simply God moving on every atom and 
forming molecules and masses, and imparting to 
all the forces that move them, not by fixed natural 
laws, but by supreme intelligence and unlimited 
power. That is the intelligence that guides the 
rootlet in the e.orth.and enables it to see or feel, or 
at le.ast select, the necessary elements necessary for 
the process of vegetation. is the power 
that carries these, when selected, between the bark 
and woody substance out to the leaf, and then 
mixes them with the carl«m drawn from the 
atmosphere, .and returns the pulpy product and 
spreads it in annulations again between the wood 
and bark, and so carries on the process of veget.a- 
tion? God is the intelligence and the force. In- 
telligence and force are His e.ssential altriliutes. 
The ra.aterial tree dies, liut God never dies. Here 
is a lesson in spiritual tlie(..l<igy. The natural 

body of man dies, 'dust returns to dust,' but the 
Spirit never dies, it ' returns to the God who gave 
it ' its spiritual and sole identitj- eternal. Tele- 
ology and eutaxiology .alike prove the existence ■ 
of a i)syehical essence, a real substantial, intelli- 
gent force, pervading all space, and this is fiod, 

' Warms in the sun, refreshes in the breeze, 
Glows ill the stars and blossoms in the trees; 
Lives through all life, extends through all extent; 
Spreads undivided and operates unsi)ent.' " 

llis work in tlie Legislature of Ohio is found 
in many statutes, including the Free Banking Law 
of 1S.3I, essential features of which are in the Na- 
tional Bank acts. His reports on various subjects 
show great lalim-. On February 13, 1851, as 
Chairman of the Standing Committee on the Pen- 
itentiary in the Ohio Senate, he made a report, the 
tirst on the subject, in favor of prohibiting the 
employment of convicts in branches of industry 
that would compete with the mechanics of the 
State. His decisions as Comptroller show his re- 
gard for the rights of laboring men. .Tune 27, 
1871, Columbia Typographical Union No. 101, of 
Washington, "Resolved, that the thanks of said 
Union be, and are, tendered to Judge Lawrence 
and (otheis named) for their manly defense of the 
working men of the country, and for the interest 
and zeal shown by their action in the House of 
Representatives in tlic welfare of the craft." He 
had in Congress vindicated trades- unions. 

In Congress, Judge Lawrence was the first to in- 
troduce a bill to convert the office of Attorney- 
General into an executive department, and man\' 
of the provisions of his bill are found in the act 
liiially passed creating the Dep.artment of Justice. 
His report of February, 18G9, on the New York 
Election Frauds, led to important legislation m 
that St.ate to preserve the purity of elections, and 
to the legislation of Congress on the same subject, 
wiiicli contains provisions of a bill which .accom- 
panied the re|)(jrt. He is author of the law giving 
to each sijUlier as a homestead one hundred and 
sixtv acres of the "alternate reserved sections " 
in the limits of railroad land gr.auts. He was the 
lirsl in Congress to urge that the public lands 
should no longer be disposed of by Indian treaties 



to I'.ailioad companies, and that they sliould be 
reserved for homesteads, and his efforts led to the 
act, JNIarch 3, 1871, wliich prohibits such treaties, 
lie was tlie first to urge upon Congress that tlie 
Pacilic Raih'oad Companies slioidd be required to 
indemnify the Ciovernment for loss on account of 
tlie subsidy bonds issued to these companies, and 
on .Tuly 7. 187C. carried a bill through the House 
hn- this |)iii-iii.isi'. and his elaborate report on the 
subject was liiglily cuiiimen<led by the Auditor of 
Railroad Accounts in his annual reijort of aS'o- 
veiiilier 1, 1878. The Ilayes-Tilden election con- 
test prevented action by the .'Senate on this bill, 
but its purpose was suiisciiuently secured by the 
act known as the "Thiiiiiian Act "' of May 7, 1878 
(see }, Lawrence's ■• CDiiiptroller's Decisions " :-'l 1). 
As Lliaiiinan of the Committee on M'ar Claims, his 
reports wc.iuld make a large volume. 

.Judge Lawrence was a la}- delegate from the 
Central Ohio Conference in the General Confer- 
ence of the Jlethodist Kpiscopal Church, at its ses- 
sions in 1872-7G-8l)-02, in -which he made sundry 
reiiorts, and in the spring of 1888. he published in 
the ]Vrxl,_'ni Chn'.slntii .hiruraO' a. series of articles 
nil the niuch-nitiotfd (iuc.-tii.m of the status of 
\Villiam Tayhir. 1). \>.. Missionary Kishop to 
Africa, in which it was maintained that lie was a 
Ijishop eipial in dignity with any other, a position 
Mi.,tained hy the General Conference of 1888. The 
( eiitial (Jhio Conference three times elected 'SU: 
Lawrence a Trustee of the Ohio Wesleyan rnivcr- 
.-ity at Delaware, in l.~^7.-<. 188.1 and 1888. and he is 
now serving in that capacity in his third term of 
five years each. 

February l.'i. 1871, he organized the Bellefon- 
taino National Dank, of which he has ever since 
since been Presiilent and a principal stockholder. 

r.y appointment of < Governor Foraker, he wa- 
one of the delegates at large from Ohio to tin- 
Farmers' Congress of the United States, which met 
at Chicago, in Xovembcr. 18,s7, and in wliicli lie 
di'livered an address on -The Aiiicricaii Wool Iii- 
terot." afti'rward sterei.itypcd and rcpriiitt-d in 
Xew Y,Mk by the American I'roteetive TarilT 
l.eaLiui-. and exten>ivi'ly distributed as a political 
campaiLfn clocuiiieut in the Presidential election i_if 
lsi«.s. and :i- our ,,f the standard publications of 

the League ever since. In the October, 1875, num- 
ber of The Eqmhlic, a Washington moiithlv maga- 
zine, he published an article, " The People a Na- 
tion; The Union Periietnal." which was repriutcd 
as a Republican campaign docnmeut in the Pie>i- election of 187(j. 

In 183-2, the National Chamber of Indii^trv and 
Trade in New York copyrigliteil, printed and cir- 
culated extensively a tariff '• Interview with Judge 
AVilliam Lawrence, by Kdward Young, Ph. D., late 
Chief of the United .States Bureau of Statistics." 

These are only specimens of his political works. 
In the Presidential camjiaigu of 1840, before he 
had reached majority, he made "stump speeches " 
in several counties of ()lii(.),and in every campaign 
since. National ami State, in various parts of tlie 
United States, he has lieen an active participant, 
many of his speeches having been published in 
newspa|iers and pamphlel.- .as campaign documents. 
Ills published speeches and lectures on peilitical. 
legal, literary, agricultural, moral ami miscellane- 
ous subjects, if collected, would make two yoinl- 
sized voUinies. 

.Judge Lawrence has rendered great servii'C to 
the and wool-;.a-owiiii; iiidiistiies of 
the country. He wa- a delegate to the national 
convention of wool-growers, wool-dealer- and 
w(jol-maniifactnrers at St. Louis, in 'Siiw. 1S87; to 
a similar comention in AVasliingloii, .lanuarv. 
18S8; an.ithei in .laiiuary. lS.s:i. hy the latter of 
which he was mailc Chairman of a committee to 
present to the Finance Committee of the Senate 
the claim? of w.'ol-gr...wer> to legislative and pro- 
tective duties. His work in these conventions has 
been exten^ively publi.-hed. and his speeches before 
the Senate Committee arc found in the Report of 
Tariff Te.-timony for .January, iss;). [mrt 3. pairc? 
lli.Vl to i:i77. pulilished by Congress. 

In I)eeemlier. l>s'.i. a national comention of 
wool-groivers in Washington. D. C.. appointed him 
Chairman of a committee to present the claims of 
wool-grower- to the Committee of AVavs and 
.Aleaiis of the Hou-e (jf i;epre-eutati\e- in (.oii- 
gres.-. and his argumeii l> arc pulili-hcil in the \'(.il- 
ume of Hearings em Revision of Tarilf. paires 21.'i 
to 2811. .lannary. In'.hi. On Fchiiiary l.">. 1s;hi. I,y 
invitation of the Commercial (lull of I'rovideiice. 



E. I., he flelivered an address on •' The Protection 
of Wool, from the Standpoint of the Grower," 
afterward published b_v "The Home Market Club " 
of Boston, as cue of its standard documents for gen- 
eral distribution. He wrote the memorial of the 
Committee of National Convention- of Wool- 
growers, held in Washington, D. C, from De- 
cember 2 to 9, 1889, published as United States 
Senate Miscellaneous Document No. 149, Fifty- 
first Congress, first session. In January, 1891, he 
was elected President of the Ohio Wool-growers' 
Association. Ilis annual address at Columbus, 
January 12, 1892,11.13 been extensively published 
all over the United States. The North Pacific 
liural jSjni-it ami WiUiamette Farmei; of February 
11, 1892, prefaced its publication by saying, 
" Without any question, Mr. Lawrence's address is 
the ablest document ever given to the public 
upon the subject of wool-growing, woolen manu- 
factures and their relation to the present tariff agi- 
tation." lion. F. B. Norton of Burlington, Wis- 
consin, said in the Wisconsin Farmei; of June 3, 
1891, referring to Judge Lawrence, Hon. Columbus 
Delano and David Harpster: " It is Largely due 
to the labors of these men that we have seen the 
value of our flocks doubled within the past few 
years, which means a gain of $100,000,000, to the 
wealth of the nation. The farmers of the United 
States could well afford to present a solid silver 
sheep with a golden fleece to e.ach of these patri- 
otic gentlemen, wlio have done so much for sheep 
liusbandry." His published addresses, reports, 
etc.. in behalf of this industry, would make a vol- 
ume of six hundred pages. 

In 1884, Judge Lawrence was elected a member 
of tlie Philosophical Society of Washington, D. C, 
a verj- select body of learned and scientific gentle- 
men, which puljlislies a volume annually. In the 
month of May, 1889, he elected a member of the 
Census Analytical Association of the United States, 
and made Vice-president of the section on wool. 
The object of the association, which consists of 
only fifty membere, is to create a system of verifi- 
cation of all statistical data of the United States. 

The ollice of First Comptroller of the Treasury 
Department is second in importance only to that 
of the Secretary. He is a law ofticer. who decides 

questions arising as to the payment of money into 
and out of the Treasury. Hamilton declared that 
'•the Comptroller is a check upon the Secretary." 
From his decision there is no appeal, he cannot be 
overruled by the Secretary nor the President, 
though he may overrule the Secretary in the al- 
lowance of claims. By authority of the Secretary, 
two volumes of the "Decisions of Comptroller Law- 
rence" were published, the first ev^er issued, and 
Congress then passed the joint resolution of Au- 
gust 3, 1882, authorizing one volume of the De-' 
cisions to be printed each }'ear thereafter, and 
under this, four additional volumes were printed. 
They for the first time distinctly* enunciated the 
great sj"stem of "executive national common law," 
and furnished a fund of legal learning found in 
no other works. They have been highly com- 
mended by jurists, statesmen, and law-writers. 
Burroughs, in his "Law of Public Securities," 
quotes largely from these Decisions. At one 
time, the Supreme Court of the District of Colum- 
bia undertook b}- mandamus to compel the Treas- 
urer of the United States to pay a claim disallowed 
by the Comptroller, but liis decision was sustained 
by the Supreme Court of the United States. 4 
Lawrence, 261. 

Mr. Lawrence is author of: 

"The Law of Claims against Governments." 
W.ashington, Government Print, 1875. 

"The Law of Religious Societies." American 
Laic Register. 1873. 

"The Organization of the Treasury Department." 
Washington, Government Print, 1881. 

"The Law of Impeachable Crimes." American 
Law Ref/ister, September, 1867. 

"Introductory and Concluding Chapters to Lec- 
tures of J. B. Helwig, D. D." Dayton U. B. Pub- 
lishing House, 1876. 

"Chapters in American Ili.itory of Cliampaign 
and Logan Counties." 1872. 

"The Causes of the Rebellion," being the intro- 
ductory' chapter to "Reminiscences of the War," 
by Rev. A. R. Ilowbert, D. D. 1888. 

"Decisions of tlio Fii-st Comptroller." 6 vols. 
W.asliington Government Print. 1880-85. 

Five "Annual Reports." as First Comptroller. 



"The Treatj' Question." 

"Sketch of the Life and Public Services of .John 
Sherman." 1888. 

Jsumerous "Reports in Congress." 

"Lives of the Kiret Comptrollers." now re.idy 
for the press. 

The Government of .Tnimn, through .■\ London, 
England, book house, in 1887 procured copies of 
tlie "Decisions of the First Comptrollers," for use 
in organizing the Treasury Department of that 
country-. Tlie .Tapanese Legation at W.ashington 
in .Tune. 1 871, procured copies of "The Law of 
Claims," to l)c used .as authority on questions grow- 
ing out of tlie rebellion in that country of the 
I'ycoon against the iMikado. The Secretary of 
Stale, Hamilton Kish. ordered extra copies printed 
for distribution to foreign governments, and they 
have been quoted in arguments before every mixed 
commission since organized to adjust claims be- 
tween the United .States and foreign countries. 
In 1874, Hon. Elihu B. Washburn, United States 
Jlinister to France, procured copies for distribu- 
tion to publicists in that counUy, and he said of 
it: "It is wonderfully able and exhaustive. It h.os 
gone to the very bottom of the whole business. It 
is one of the most valuable contributions of the 
times to national and international law. It ren- 
ders immense service to the country bj- 'Laying 
down the law' on these subjects." It h.os been ever 
since regarded and quoted in Congress .as an autlior- 
rit}', and has been twice re-prmted by authority of 

His work on the "Law of Religious Societies" been declared to be "a marvel of learning upon 
the subject." D. D. Chapin, in The Clmrchman, 
.as quoted in "Current Comment and Legal Mis- 
cellany," (Vol. I.. No. 5. Philadelphia, M.ay 15. 

His Alma ^Mater conferred upon Judge Lawrence 
the degree of A. M., in ciirsu, and on the 25th of 
.lune, 1873. conferred on him the degree of L.L. D , 
and Wittenberg College subsequently conferred on 
him the same degree. 

.\ distinguished citizen of Ohio, who has hon- 
orably represented the United States in a foreign 
Cduntry. but who differs politically with .Judge 
Lawrence, rect-ntlv said of him: 

"Few American citizens him in the quali- 
ties that go to make up a great man and useful 
public servant. He is a man of tireless energies, 
of prodigious learning, of sound judgment, and 
of absolute honesty. Moreover, his views are 
broad and charitable, his disposition confiding and 
friendly, and his character noble and generous. 
His simple manners are pleasing, while his easj- 
flowing eloquence never wearies. Jealousy never 
enters his manly breast. * * * He has alw.ays 
and easily risen to the high level of the responsi- 
ble and commanding positions he has held. As a 
statistical schohTr he has no equal in Ohio. He is 
clear and methodical, broad and accurate, and in- 
dustrious beyond' ordinary moi-tals. He is an au- 
thor of established reputation. Some of his works 
show great research and aljility. and are quoted as 
authoritj- in foreign countries."* 

The entire career of Judge Lawrence has been 
guided by a sense of duty and he subordinated 
ambition to principle. In 1854, a Committee of 
the Know Nothing Order tendered him a nomin.a- 
tion as a candidate for Congress, with a certainty 
of success, but lie declined it, because he c-ould not 
indorse their opposition to adopted citizens, or 
proscription for religious opinions. He commenced 
his career as a Whig, making political s|)eeches in 
the campaign of 1840, even before he had 
reached the .age of m.ajoritj-. He adhered to the 
Whig party until it was disbanded. Early in 1854, 
when the Douglas Kansas-Xebr.aska Bill pressed 
for passage in the Senate, with its specious declara- 
tion in favor of "popular sovereignty" as a con- 
triv.ance to extend slavery, he was among the first 
and foremost to denounce it and ask the co-opera- 
tion of "free-soil" Whigs and Democrats to unite 
to resent the aggression of the slave-power. He then a member of the Ohio Senate, in which 
Hon. Norton S. To\viisend, afterward Member of 
Congress, and now .s Professor in tiie OJiio State 
University, was also a member. A public meeting called at Columbus, which was addressed by 
Hon. John W. Andrews and othei-s, and resolu- 
tions adopted denouncing the Douglas bill. On 
the 22d of February, 1854. a public meeting at 



Maiyjvilie was acUhojjed by lluii. Joseph K. Swan. 
Noi-ton S. Townsend .iiul William L.iwreiice in 
(ippojition to the Douglas bill. The speech of the 
latter was pulilished in full in the Maiysville 

Soon after this, some of the leading men in the 
Legislature and other citizens of Columbus organ- 
ized and appointed a committee, consisting of 
Lawrence, Towuseud .and lion. Ephraim II. Eckley, 
a member of the Senate, to address letters to lead- 
ing Whigs, Democrats aiidFree-Soilers all over the 
State, inviting them to attend a State convention 
in Columbus to nominate candidates for State otli- 
ces aud to adopt a platform against slavery exten- 
sion.* County conventions were held and dele- 
gates appointed. The State Convention was held 
and Joseph U. Swan nominated as a candidate 
for Judge of the Supreme Court, and a platform 
adopted. The convention was called tlie "Fusion 
Convention," a fusion of Wliigs, Democrats and 
Fiee-Soilers, and it a gr.and success. The com- 
mittee which set this ball in motion held its 
sessions in :\Ir. Law rence"s rooms, at tlie A'eil House, 
and opened the w.ay for a new political pai'ty. The 
same elements which started this movement .and 
which composed tlie convention originated and 
managed the State Convention of lt<.')5, formally 
held as the first Kepulilican State Convention. 

In these proceedings the Kepubliean party was 
organizeil ami took form and name. From that 
time onward. :\Ir. Lawrence has been an earnest, 
effective Ik-publican. While he resided in Wa=li- 
ini;ti>n. 1). C. the ( )hio Uepulilican Club was or- 
ganized in the summer cf I'SSb. Jlr. Lawrence 
was unanimously elected its lirst President, and so 
continued by annual elections until under Cleve- 
land's ailministrati(jn it n-as disbanded, in 188j. 

Ibiii. William ],awrence was married December 
211. \s\o. at MeConnellsville to Cornelia, daughter 
of Hon. William Hawkins, an excellent lady of 
rare intelligence, who had been associated willi 
him ill teacliing school at tliat ])lace in 18.):i. Mie 
died Februaiy 2'.t, 18 It. He was married Mareli 
20. ISi.3. to Caroline M., daughter of Henry Miller. 

an excellent lad^' whose many virtues have through 
long years blessed his home. She was born at 
Port Republic, Rockingham County, Va.. .January 
20, 1828, baptized at McGackeysville Lutheran 
Church, educated at the Granville (Oliio) Presby- 
terian Female .Seminary, and was there a room- 
mate of Cecelia Stewart, now wife of Hon. John Tliree sons, Joseph IL, "William H. and 
John 31., and three daughters, Cornelia. Frances 
C. and Mary Temperance, are the children of this 
union. Joseph 11., a lawyer, died May 7, 188.3. 


• A cony 
red bv Ho 

1 his published (vorks. 

OHN J. HAUSS, who is perhaps the largest 
dealer in drugs, books, wall paper, paints, 
etc., in this part of Ohio, is one of the 
shrewdest, as well as most popular and suc- 
cessful, young business men in Auglaize County, 
and has risen from the tow path to a position of 
prominence and wealth, although he is only thirty- 
six years old. He is a native of St. 3Iary's, his 
present place of residence and business, Ijeingborn 
in tliis city September 10, 1856. His father, Fred- 
erick Hauss, was Ijorn in Baden, Germany, nearly 
seventy years ago, and came to America when a 
voung man. He landed at New York, came thence 
to Ohio, and was at St. jNIaiy's during the cholera 
epidemic in 1840. He went from here to New Or- 
leans. He was originally a rope-maker in the old 
country, but he eng.aged in the cooper's trade, with 
which he was familiar, in the Crescent City. Re- 
turning to St. Mary's after a year's sojourn in 
New Orleans, he carried on coopering at this point 
a few years. He tlien embarked in mercantile 
pursuits, .and built up a large trade, which he con- 
ducted several years, becoming one of tlie leading 
merclir.nt^ and citizens of St. JIary's. For the 
|iast twenty ^ears. he has been living live miles 
north of the city, where he is still engaged in busi- 
ness, and .alio farms to some extent. While he 
lived in Germany, he was in the German army 
under Gen. Seigle. Both he .and his good wife 
are membei> in high standing of the German 



Evangelical Church. The latter is also of German 
birth, and her maiden name was Elizabeth Kneirim. 
She is the mother of eight children, of whom six 
are living, our siiliject being the elde.'il. 

(jur subject was educated in the inihlic schools, 
and at the age of fourteen he left home to begin 
the struggle of life in earnest, obtaining work on 
the tow path of the .Miami and Erie Canal. A 
year later, he was promoted to a position on a store 
boat, where lie became familiar with one form of 
mercantile business. lie remained in that place 
two years, and was paid ^^oo a raontli. October 
U, 1872, he entered tlie drug store of W. II. Dolls 
to learn the details of the drug business,, and he with him for thirteen veal's, rising to be his 
chief clerk, and becoming a very competent drug- 
gist. Ill 1881, he er-tablished a business of his 
own at St. Mary's purchasing a small drug store in 
partnersliip with Robert B. Gordon, Jr. They 
did business together under tlie firm name of Hauss 
it Gordon for three j-ears. In 1887, Mr. Hauss 
bought Jlr. Gordon's interest in the concern, and 
has since conducted it himself. He has greatly 
increased his business, enlarging his accommoda- 
tions to keep pace with his rapidly growing trade, 
and he now has a fine two-story brick building, in 
which he occupies a double storeroom, wliich is 
elegantly fitted up, its appointments being equal 
to tlie fine establishments of the kind in the larger 
cities, and he carries a lieavy stock of the articles 
enumerated in the begiiniii.g of thi> sketch. It is 
said that he is luobably doing the largest business 
in his line in the county. lie is a large property- 
holder, having e.\tensive real-estate interests in 
the cit}-, including sI.n: houses and lots and a 
large number of building hjts favorably located in 
the city, beside his l.)U>iness block, and he has 
money well invested in other directions. He is 
also somewhat of a farmer, having recently juir- 
chased a valuable farm, and is placing thereon a 
fine set of farm buildings. 

Is'o name stands higlier in financial circles than 
our subject's. He entered upon his career with no 
capital, and that he is to-day, at no late i)eriod in 
life, a wealthy man. he owo not only to his devo- 
tion to his luisini-j and to hi- f;ir-iL;lited Iiu<ini-- 
policy, but to the honoraljle principles tli.-il have 

guided him in every transaction however small, 
prompting him to deal with the utmost fairness 
with all, with no tendency to he grasping or over- 
reaching, and causing him to make it a point to 
pay cash for everything that he buys, so that he 
does not owe a dollar to anv man. His ability 
and genial disposition have brought him to the 
front in local politics and in the public and social 
life of the city. He is an advocate of the Democratic 
party, and been a member of the City Council 
and Clerk of St. Mary's Townshi]). He belongs to 
the Masonic lodge. Knight Templars, Inde|)endent 
Order of Odd Fellows, and to the Encampment. 
Both he and his wife belong to the German Evan- 
gelical Church. 

5Ir. Hauss married .June 30. 1887, to Miss 
Bertha F. Freyman, who presides with true gr.ace 
over their attractive home. Mrs. Hauss is a native 
of Wapakoneta, and a daughter of P'rcderick 
Freyman, a farmer of this county, and a Pennsyl- 
vanian bv birth. 

K. ISAAC A. noUAN. It is to the skill 
and >cir-nec of the druggist thai snlTering 
huuKiiiity looks (vi- alle\iation of jiain. 
Till' physician may succes-fuUy diagnose, 
but il is the cliemi>l who prepare:- the remedv. 
■\Vhen, theieforc. as in the case of the gentleman 
who>e name forms the subject of this sketch, the 
two professions, that of the physician and that of 
the druggist, are combined, how douljly important 
becomes the establishment conducted by Dr. Isaac 
A. Doran, at Rushsylvania, Liigau County, Ohio. 
This gentleman was liorn in 'Westmoreland 
County. Grcensburgh. I'a.. on the 2'Si] of July, 
182'). and his father. Thomas I)i.>ran. was also a 
native of the Keystone Stale. The latter was a 
blacksmith by trade, and was a leamster, hauling 
goods with many teams from I'hiladelpliia to Bal- 
timore and I'ittslnugh. lie also kej)! hotel for 
many years. He came to ISuller ('oiiuty. Ohio, in 
182i>. and loi-Ued at IJetliaiiv, where he carried on 



.1 blacksmith shop and a liotel for some time. 
From there he moved to Sidnc\% Shelby County, 
Ohio, boiiglit a fai-ni about a mile and a half east 
of Sidney, and there his death occurred in 1882. 
His father was a native of France. The mother of 
our subject, .Jane (Il.ayes) Doran, was a native of 
Pennsylvania, and died in Shelby County, Ohio, 
in 1880. 

Of the five children born to this estimable 
couple, three sons and one daughter, all reached 
mature years and became the heads of families. 
They were Isaac A., James H., deceased; Thomas 
S., residing in Sidney, Ohio, a retired farmer; and 
Hannah, the widow of Joseph Johnston,who resides 
two miles east of Sidney, Ohio. Our subject, the 
eldest of this family, was but six years of age when 
he came with his parents to Ohio, and his first 
schooling was in the log schoolhousc in Butler 
County. When a young man, he worked on the 
canal and was Captain of one of the canal boats 
for some time. lie was trained to work hard, and 
lias cut cordwood for twent^'-flve cents a cord, 
and has also split rails at the same price. He first 
began the study of medicine with Dr. P. B. Beman, 
remained with him about four years, and during 
that time attended the Eclectic Medical College of 
Cincinnati. Later, he came to Logan County, 
Ohio, located In Rushsylvania, and was the first 
Eclectic physician in the county, and the third 
physician in the village. In 1868, he started his 
drug store in connection with his practice and has 
been very successful in both. 

Dr. Doran was married the first time in Janviary, 
1852, to Miss Sarah A. Elam, a native of Greene 
County, Ohio, who died in January, 1878. Two 
children were born to this union: Thomas B., de- 
ceased, and Clarence E., a railroad man, now of New- 
ark, Ohio, who is married and has a family. Our 
subject's second marri.age was with Eliza Stephen- 
son, a native of Greenville, Darke County, Ohio, 
born February 5, 1837, and the daughter of John 
and lilizabeth S. (Stahl) Stephenson, natives re- 
spectively of Virginia and Pennsylvania. Mr. 
and Mrs. Stephenson settled in Darke County, 
Ohio, in 1818. Dr. Doran was a member of the 
Ohio Eclectic Medical Association, and is a mem- 
ber of the Ohio Phai-macy Association, of which 

he is an active member. Mrs. Doran is a member 
of the same and .assists in the drug store. 

A strong Republican in politics, the Doctor ad- 
vocates the principles of his part\-, and was Post- 
master in Rushsylvania from 1854 until 1883. He 
was one of the incorporators of the village, and 
the first Clerk of the Board. He was made a 
Mason at Sidney, Ohio, in 1843, in Lodge Xo. 73, 
and has been an active member of that fraternity. 
He owns a farm of sixty-five acres adjoining the 
village, also fifty lots in the village, and has built 
six houses. 

, V..ROF. HENRY WlIlT\V(jRriI, Superin- 

j) teiident of the Public Schools of Bellefon- 

taine, was born in Richland County, Ohio, 

jt, January 20, 1853. His parents. John and 
Sarah (Blow) Whitwortli, were l)oin, reared aiul 
married in F^ngland, whence they emigrated to 
America earl^- in the year 1852, settling in Rich- 
land County, Ohio. The father was a local minis- 
ter in the Primitive Methodist Church m f2ngland, 
and after coining to the United .States, united with 
the Methodist Episcopal Cluirch and was ordained 
to the ministry. He is a man of great piety and 
earnestness in the work of the Lord, and is liighly 
esteemed by all tvith whom he has been brought in 
contact. As a preacher, he shows unusual familiar-, 
ity with the Scriptures and intense fervorand zeal. 

Our suliject is one of three surviving children, 
the others being Jlrs. Mattie J. Smith and Mrs. 
Mary A. Wheaton. The rudiments of his educa- 
tion were gained in the district and village schools 
in the vicinity of the parental home, and after 
completing the common-school studies, he entered 
the Ohio AVesleyan University at Delaware in 1871, 
o-i-aduating from that famous institution in 1877. 
In September of the same year, he came to Belle- 
fontaino to accept the position of te.acher in the 
High SclKJol, serving .as Principal for five years. 
In 1882, lie was promoted to the Sui>eriuteiideiicy 



of the city schools, which position lie has since 
filled with marked ability and to the satisfac- 
tion of all. 

The fine school building at Bellcfontaine was 
finished in 1878, during his first year as Principal 
of the High School. The school has about eight 
hundred attendants, and is divided into twelve 
grades, four each of Primary, Grammar and High 
School, twelve yeai-s being required to finish the 
course. He been connected with the schools 
for ten years and has been instrumental in advanc- 
ing the standard of education and gaining increased 
facilities for the children of the city. For five 
years he has been County Examiner of Logan 
County, a position requiring unusual tact and 
ability, and in which lie has served witli credit 
and success. 

.June 26, 1883, Prof. Whilwortli united in 
marriage with Miss Katie Kernan, an estimable and 
accomplished lady, who has passed her entire life 
in Bellefontaine. One son. Kernan B., has blessed 
the union. The religious home of Prof, and Mrs. 
■\Vhitworth is in the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
and they are ever foremost in religious and benev- 
olent undertakings. Their culture and fine social 
qualities render Ihem pleasant companions where- 
ever they may be. and they are welcome guests 
in the best circles of societ\'. The Professor is 
identified with the Masonic fraternit}-, in which he 
is a leading member. His broad information and 
extensive knowledge of men and events qualify 
him most admiiably for the position which he 
so long and ably filled, and he is numbered among 
the most cultured citizens of Bellefontaine. 

I«^ OLOMON BAMBERGER is one of the fore- 
^^^ most business men of St. Mary's, wlio has 
(lt£_j); been the chief promoter of many of its 
leading enterprises, and is identified with 
various of its mercantile, manufacturing and finan- 
cial interests. He was born in Bavaria. Germany. 
Januarj- 12, 184G, a son of a Bavarian nierclianl. 

David Bamberger, who died in his native land in 
1890, at the venerable age of seventy-nine years. 

Our subject is the third of nine children, all of 
whom are living. He laid the foundation of his 
education in the common schools of his country, 
and subsequently completed it in a commercial 
college at Bamberg. Ambitious to see something 
of the world and to tr^' life in America, where he 
felt confident he could win his way to a fortune, 
he turned his back on his pleasant old home and 
on his childhood friends when only fourteen years 
of age, in the jear 1860, and, embarking at Bremen 
in October, landed at New York two weeks later. 
Thence he came to Ohio, and, for the next five 
3'ears his life was passed in Sandusky, where he 
clerked for a short time, and then engaged in tlie 
clothing business for himself. In 1865, he went to 
St. Joseph, Mo., Avhere he was in business three 
years. In 1868, he retuined Eastward, and spent a 
year as a clerk in a dry-goods store in New York 
City. In 1869, he again took up his residence in 
Ohio, coming to St. Mary's, where he has since en- 
g.aged in the clothing business, with the exception 
of the year 1886, which he p.assed in New York. 

In 1887, Mr. Bamberger and two other gentle- 
men built the Fountain Hotel, in which he has a 
one-third interest, and he occupies afineandhand- 
someh' fitted-up store in the building, in which he 
carries a complete line of gentlemen's clothing, 
such as is furnished by the best establishments of 
the kind in the large cities of the country. Our 
subject's attention is by no means confined to the 
management of this concern, but he has launched 
out in other directions, and has made himself a 
public benefactor by liis far-seeing and well directed 
enterprise. In 1880, he associated himself with T. 
E. Hollingsworth in the lumber business, which 
they still carry on. He is President of the People's 
Building and Loan Association, which is in a flour- 
ishing condition under his careful and capable 
management; and he is Treasurer and stockholder 
of the Bimel Carriage Company, which was organ- 
ized in 1892; and in 1890 lie helped to organize 
the Home Banking Company, of which he is Vice- 
president. He is a member of the Bamberger it 
Hollingsworth Oil Company, which luis four wells, 
all producing a good supply of oil: he has also 



valuable propert}- interests in St. Mary's, including 
his lai-ge and handsomely appointed frame resi- 
dence on the ci.ii iKT of South and JIain Streets, 
which he erected in 1887. lie is President of the 
Graphic Publishing Coni|iMny. whitli issues the 
Republican organ of this city, and. as with every- 
thing else with which his name is connected, is 
well coniUicted on a sound and paying basis. In 
politics, he acts with the Republican party. lie 
was a member of the Board of Education one terra, 
and takes a friendly interest in the schools of the 
city. Socially, he is ail.ason of the highest stand- 
ing. He is Master of Mercer ^Masonic Lodge No. 
121, and is High Priest of St. Mary's Chapter Xo. o 1 . 
Mr. Bamberger was married in 1874. in >'ew 
York City, to Miss Lena Colin, a native of that 
city, and a daugliter of L. 11. Cohn, who wasader- 
mau l.iy birth, and was a fresco painter in that city. 
Three children have blessed the congenial wedded 
life of our subject and his amiable wife, whom they 
have named respectively Ray, Louis and Gilbert. 


■S^ DWARD PL'UPUS, M.ayor, merchant and 
1^ insurance agent of New Bremen. Ohio, is 
j\ — 'i " one of the most thorough-going, prominent 
and substantial business men of the place, lie has 
one of the finest business establishments in tlie 
town, and by his long and intimate connection 
with the jn-ogress and development of the county, 
enjovs the respect and esteem of a wide circle of 
personal and business .aciiuaintances. He began 
life at the bottom of the ladder, but by good man- 
agement and naturally fine qualifications, he has 
attained a position of which any man might be 
proud. Mr. Purpus was born in Germany on the 
15th of January, 1847, and his parents, Lewis .and 
Louisa Purpus, were also natives of that country. 
The father followed the occupation of a brewer 
in his native country until 1860. when he deter- 
mined to emigrate to xVmerica, and there i)ass tlic 
remainder of his days. After reacliinu tlic rniled 
States, he located in New Bremen, and there resided 

until his death in 1892, when eighty-four years of 
age. He, with Carl Schiirz and other prominent 
men. entered in the Rcvoluticm in 1848. The 
mother of our subject died in 1891, when eightj'-- 
two yeare of .age. Of this union, seven children 
are living, two having died after the parents came 
to this county. 

The original of this notice received a good com- 
mon-school and collegiate education in his native 
country, and when sixteen years of age, came to 
the States, sailing from Hamburg and twelve d.ays 
later landing in New York City, where he spent 
several mouths, eug.aged in various occupations. 
From there he went to Huntington, Ind., and 
thence to New Bremen in 1865, where he worked 
in a brewery for several years. In 18G9, he began 
teaching school and continued this for ten }"ears, 
in the meantime being elected .Justice of the Pe.ace, 
and Township Clerk and later being appointed 
Notary Public, transacting public business. He is 
now serving his sixth term as Justice. 

In 1885, he was appointed Postm.aster under 
Grovcr Cleveland, and served in that capacitj- 
with much ability for about four years. In 1877, 
he engaged in business and carried a line of mus- 
ical instruments, fancy goods, toys, wall paper, etc., 
and now carries a large stock of goods. His build- 
ing is at the corner of Monroe and Main Streets, 
and this has recently been enlarged to a two-story 
brick with iron frame, the best business building 
in the town. In New Bremen he has been called 
to many othccs of trust and responsibility and 
exhibited an executive ability far aliove the aver- 
age. In 1883. he was elected Mayor and served 
two years. He was not eligible to re-election on 
account of being Postm.aster, but in 1890 he was 
re-elected, and again in 1892. In 18G9, Mr. Purpus 
became .agent for various fire insurance compan- 
ies .and now^ represents some of the most leading 
ones. He is one of the most progressive, thorough- 
going business men of Auglaize County, and one 
of its most respected citizens, being honorable and 
industrious in a marked degree, and possessing a 
thorough knowledge of the most modern and ef- 
fective methods of dciing l)usiiiess. 

In 1^7i3.our subject wedded Miss Elizabeth Ileil, 
a native of New Bremen, who died in 1890. leaving 

^-^„fJ ^i 

'' ^^=^^&? J''^! 


, '^ -^ 






three cliilrlreii, viz: Clara, Dora and Irma. lie was 

inanicd again in I8:)2, this time to Miss Josephine 
Ilais, (if Covington. K\-. Mr. I'uj-pns is active in 
all enterpLLses peitaining to the welfare of the city 
ainl eciuuly. and is nii indefatigable worker for 
the DcHKieratic pai-ty, being a delegate to conn ty, 
district and State conventions. lie owns consider- 
alile pro|ierty here and in ."^t. Clary's, all the frnits 
i>f his own exertions. 

IIONN 1'1.\.TT. till 

liiu'Ut journalist. 

author. juri?t and diploiiial. was born in 
J) Cincinnati. Oliio. on the -.'Dtli of .Iiine, 18i:i, 
was educated jiartly in l.'rbaiia and at the 
Atheiieum. now St. Xavier College, Cincinnati, 
lle^tiulied law under his father, and was for a 
time a puiiil of Tom Corwin. In 1851, he ap- 
pointed .Iiidge of the Court of Common of 
Hamilton, and afterward served ai Secretary of 
Legation at Paris, under Hon. John Y. Mason, of 
Mrginia, during Pierce's .and Buchanan's adminis- 
tration. When the ^Minister att.acked with 
apoplexy (from wliicli he died in October, 185!),) 
our subject served as Charge d'Affaires for nearly 
a year. 

On his return home. Col. Piatt engaged actively 
ill tlie Presidential canvass in behalf of Abraham 
Lincoln. In company with 'Jen. Robert C. Schenck, 
he >tuinped Soutliern lUi ois. and his services 
were publicly ackiiowled;_ed liy the Presiiient- 
clect. During the Civil War. he served on tlie 
staff of Gen. Schenck. He was Judge Adv(x-:ite of 
the Commission which investigated the charges 
against Gen. Buell, and favored Iiis acqiiittal. Af- 
ter the war. he became the Washington correspond- 
ciil of the Clitcii\initi Coinmi-r'iiil. in which [Kisit ion 
he distinguished liim>elf as a writer of great bril- 
liancy, often siimewhat indifferent to the fact.-:, but 
never to tlie abrriinlities of the pretensions to great- 
iios on the [Kirt of many Congressmen. In f.-u-t. 
he kept iiio>t of the leaders constantly in •■hot 
water," iiiaiiiiuratiiig what h;is proved the now al- 

most invariable custom of "writing down" everv- 
tliing Congress does. His criticisms were frequently 
just; it is the rare exception now that the com- 
plaints of the would-be cynics are worthy of 

AVhatever Col. Piatt's mistakes were, and no 
di.uibt he made many, the good he accomplished 
atoned for and overshadowed them. The excel- 
lence of his literary work; his umpiestioued feai-- 
lessncss. manliness and independence; bis respect 
for the church; his ilislike and exposure of snob- 
bery, conceit, affectation and inetliciency Ln high 
official stations, are to lie highly commended. He 
subsequently founded, and for ten yeai-s edited. 
-Th' M'a.shiiii/toii C'opitah" making it so odious to 
many (ioveniment ollicials, that at their instance, 
during the Presidential controversy of 1876, he 
was indicted; Ijut. as he naively said, -though 
trying ver\- hard, never got into jail." On the 
contrary, he sold the paper at a very handsome 
figure and returned to the peace and quiet of 
Jlac-o-chee. where he engaged in literary work and 
farming. His entertaining volume. '-Memories of 
the ^len who Saved the Union." whom he desig- 
nated as Lincoln, .Stanton. Chase, Seward and Gen. 
George H. Thomas, is sliarply critical, but the 
strong p.assages and just appreciation of the great 
deeds of great men more than atone for this fault, 
if it be one. The Westminster liecieu: describes it 
as "the record of great geniuses by a genius." 

Col. Piatt published a delightful little book of 
love stories, true to .life and of pathetic interest, 
mostly war incidents, called "The Lone Grave of 
the Shenandoah, and Other Tales." In 1888, he 
edited Bclford's Magazine as a fn-e-trade journal. 
anil made the tariff issue strangely iiilerestin<r and 
picturesque. Soon after the close of the campaign, 
he retired from the editorship and returned to his 
home, where up to llie time of his death he was 
engaged with Gen. Henry ^I. Cist, of Cincinnati. 
ii|)on a life of Gen. George 11. Thomas, which he 
left uncompleted. In 18i)."). he was elected on the 
Republican ticket a~ Representative from Logan 
County to the Ohio l.eirislature. "I made a tight 
for negro suffrage" he afteiwrucls said, -and wi>n 
by a decreased majority. Then, after spending a 
couple of winters lit ( olumbiis. 1 (|uit by unani- 



mous consent." He had opposed local legislation, 
taken an active part in pushing the negi-o suffrage 
amendment til rough, and was accused of doing more 
legislating for Cincinnati, his old home, than all the 
Hamilton County delegates togethei-. His bril- 
liancy as a speaker, and usefulness in the committee 
room, were widely recognized and praised. 

It is not generally known that it was Donn 
Piatt who supplied the word ''crank" in ita present 
peculiar and pojiular use. "Twisting the British 
Lion's tail" is a pet phrase derived from the same 
source. "The cave of the winds," as applied to 
the National House of Representatives, and the 
"fog bank" for the Senate, arc other well-known 
offsprings of his pen, and "Wanam.akered," a term 
of more recent in vention,expressive of the discharge 
of Government employes on political grounds, is 
still another. 

As he appeared l.iefore the public, the most re- 
markable thing about this most remarkable man 
was his versatility. lie was equally successful as 
a poet, politician, historian, dramatist, critic, wit, 
lawyer, judge, diplomat, theologian, soldier, ora- 
tor, journalist. In eacli and every line of work 
mentioned, he has made a distinct and separate 
reputation that is national. In all combined, he 
has won fame that extends wherever the English 
and French languages are understood. No two 
men looked at him alike. One was captivated by 
his wit, another impressed by his profound thought, 
another charmed by his exquisite literary style, 
and another shocked by his keen, remorseless sar- 
casm. In each heart that knew him he left a mon- 
ument of different design. Millions admired him, 
thousands loved him, hun reds h.ated him, all re- 
spected him. In more w: /s than one, his, though 
not the greatest, was certainly the most remarka- 
ble character of the century. 

Col. Piatt contracted the illness which resulted 
in his death while on a trip to Cincinnati to attend 
a re-union of the literary club of which he had 
long been a member, and at which meeting he 
prophesied his early death. It was on his way 
home from that meeting at which he said in a 
speech, "In another year Donn Piatt will have 
joined the silent miijority," that he cau^llt IIju 
cold whicli leil to the fatal disease. On the day 

following the election, on which he was forced to 
take to his bed, he said to his relatives as they 
called to see him, "This means death." He was 
conscious till within a few hours before his death, 
and almost his last words were: "Well, I must die, 
why not die now .-" 

He died November 12, 1891, and left a widow 
but no children. He was twice married, his first 
wife being the well-known authoress, Louise Kirby, 
and the surviving wife her sister Ella, both daugh- 
ters of Timothy Kirby, a pioneer millionaire of 
Cincinnati. The mother of Mrs. Piatt, Amelia 
(Metcalf) Kirby, was born in Virginia, and when 
a child accompanied her parents to Batavia, Cler- 
~mont County, Ohio, where she married. 

It was in the charming valley of the Mac-o-chee 
and on a wooded hillside facing the sun, that Col. 
Piatt built of stone and oak an elegant mansion, 
known through all the country round as "The 
Castle" — built it, like his fame, to last through cen- 
turies. As seen from this great stone mansion, the 
valley of the Mac-o-ehee presents as fair a vision 
■as ever delighted the eye of man. Of it Torn Cor- 
win summed up a description in the few words: 
"A man can better live and die here than any 
place I have ever seen." Little wonder that he 
should write: 

"M\' days among these wilds are spent 

In restful, calm repose; 
No carking cares or discontent 

Disturb life's fitter close. 
Be\'ond these wooded hills, I hear 

The world's unceasing roar. 
As breaks upon some inland ear 

The tumult of a shore." 

About a mile to the southwest of the residence, 
and hid from it by woods and hills, is the pioneer 
burying-ground of the Piatts. It is situated on a 
hillside beside an old log church, now in decay- 
that was erected when a few pews would seat the 
entire settlement. On the brow of the hill, facing 
the sunset, is the massive tomb in which rest the 
remains of two generations of the family. On tlie 
top of the tomb, directly over the entrance, is a 
iiK liniment and medallion of Louise, the wife of 
Di.iiii Pi:i(rs youth, and on tlie reverse side of the 
marble block U chiseled an epitaph that is one of 



the most touching ever composed. It was written 
hy the bereaved hn.^li.ind .iml is .is follows: 

'•To thy memory, (i.trling. .tmiI my own 
I biiiki in grief this stone: 
All it^tells of life in death is thine. 
All that it means of death in life is mine; 
For that which makes thy purer spirit blest 
In anguish deep hath brought my soul unrest; 
You, dying. live to find a life divine. 
1, living, die till death hatli made me thine." 

In his private home life. Col. I'iatl disphiyed a 
pliase of his character .as truly remarkable .as that 
in wliich he ap])eared before the public. The ten- 
der devotion to his invalid wife the pivot on 
which his many-sided character revolved. Hers 
was the only hand that covild guide him, her will 
the only one he recognized as superior to his own. 
Her rule one of love, and his submission was 
his sweetest joy. He realized the treasure he had 
iu her possession and simply sought to be worths' 
of it, for a more refined or nobler woman never 
blessed the life of any 

Jlrs. Ella (Kirb\') Piatt, was tx)rn in Cincinnati, 
Ohio, on the 17th of March, 1838,and was married 
to Col. Piatt in 1866. Her father, Timothy Kirby. 
was ;i native of Connecticut, and born Novem- 
litr 10, 17;)7, reared in the Old Bay State, and 
came tu Cincinnati when a stripling of seventeen. 
His fuUier, Zebulon Kirby, was born in ^liddle- 
tiiwii. Conn., February 2."), 1766, and died August 
17. 1821. and the grandfather, Thomas Kirby, was 
liiiin in Middletown, Conn., in 1721), and died cm 
the IDth of .July, 1810. lie was of English descent. 
Timothy Kirby was a large real-estate dealer and 
banker, his bank being on Third Street, in Ciiioin- 
iKiti. He was a ver}- prominent and wealthy man 
of that city and there died on the lOthof .January, 
ls7(i. His wife died in 1.^66. Tlicy were the i)ar- 
cnts cif eight children, four sons and four daugh- 
tei-. two of whom died in infancy. The others 
boidcs Mrs. Piatt were I.(juise. born November 26. 
1.^26 (ileceased); Byron, b(jrn February S. 1S2'J. 
died in 1881; Clinton, born .Mareli 2'.). is:31; 
Charles (deceased), and .lulia. born Jl.ay 10. 1.S16. 
widow of Gen. Henry Banning, four times Jlember 
of Congress from Mt. \'erii(in. Ohio. 

Mi>. Piatt is the sixth child .and third dauuliti-r. 

Until about the age of seventeen, she was reared in 
Cincinnati, having all the advantages the schools 
of that cit\- afforded, .and when about that age she 
went to Paris, France, where she received thorough 
instruction in French and .'^iianisb. Besides being 
a line musician and a very sweet singer, she is an 
;irtist of unusual ability, having some very fine 
portrait paintings of her own work. She has full 
control of a vast amount of pro|)ert3- in Cincinnati 
and of her large estate in the ! Valley. 
A member of the Catholic Church, ^he is a liberal 
contributor to its support, and in addition to the 
chapel iu her house, is now building a Catholic 
Church in memorv of her late husband, which will 
cost $.j,000. The monument will be surmounted by 
a bronze statue of Col. Piatt by t^uincy Ward, 
formerly of Urbana, Ohio, but now of New 
York City. 

Accompanying this jketch of his life, a portrait 
of Col. Donn Piatt is presented, and a view of 
"The Castle," that ideal rural home which adorns 
the vallev of the JMac-o-chee. 



^IIOIIN \V. COSTOLO. M. 1). No physician 
of Wr ,terii Ohio has ;i more honorable re- 
cord uian Dr. Costolo. of Loraniie's, and few 
enjo; a more extended reputation. This 
is due to !r i professional skill and knowledge, as 
well as to tne fact that for a number of years past 
lie has bee i doing his utmost to alleviate suffering 
in his CO' imunity. and his ze:d, carefulness and 
svmpatlr are duly appreciated by a large circle of iid friends. 

A kr wledge of the parent:U iutlueiices thrown 
;uouiiii tny man aids in undersUinding his character 
therefo 'e it m.ay be well to note a few facts re- 
garding the parents of Dr. Cost(tlo. He is a son 
of Thomas Costolo. wh<^ was born in Ireland in 
18U8. and on emigrating to Auieric;i located in 
Shelby County, in 18;}."). Entering hind in Cyn- 
thian:i Town.-hip. he beg:in the battle of life in the 
N.u World iii\:uiMcd for the contest except by hi- 



native wit, determined spirit and bodily vigor. 
He was one of tlie oldest settlers in the township, 
at a time when wild game of all kinds was plenti- 
ful and often ver\- troublesome. By careful and 
intelligent cultivation, he placed his land under 
e,\;cellent tillage and supplied the same with all 
needful structures and manj" improvements both 
useful and ornamental. In 1878, he moved to 
Loramie's, where his decease occurred in 1881, 
when in his seventy-third year. He was verj- 
popular in local affaii-s and was the incumbent of 
every position of honor and trust in the township 
from which he removed. He was a prominent 
member of the Catholic Church and bore a good 
reputation among his neighbors and was well re- 
garded by the entire communit\'. 

The maiden name of our subject's motlier was 
Margaret Costegan; she was also born in the Em- 
erald Isle, and came to America in 183.5. Prior to 
her union with Mr. Costolo, she was married to Mr. 
Lauler, by whom she became the mother of four 
children. Her husband died in 1849 of cholera, 
with which dread disease her children were also 
taken away. She is still living, having attained 
to the advanced age of seventy -seven years, and 
makes her home in Loramie's. 

The original of this sketch is one in a family of 
three children, his elder brother being connected 
with the Missouri Pacific Railroad in the West. 
His sister Louisa is the wife of Adolph River 
and makes her home in Mercer County, Ohio. 
John W. was born in the log cabin on the old 
homo farm, and when old enough to go to school, 
attended during the winter months, working hard 
during other seasons in order that he might 
obtain such an education as the public schools 
offered, and with the energy that charac- 
terized him through life pursued an undeviat- 
ing course. In company with his brother, he rented 
and operated the home farm for four years and in 
this way got his start in life. Determining to be- 
come a physician, Mr. Costolo began the study of 
medicine with Dr. IIamer,of Loramie's, with whom 
he remained for eighteen months, and tlien read 
with Dr. Edward F. Wells, of Minster, tliis .State, 
three vears. He then took two courses of Irctuies 
at the Ulii<i Medical College, from which inslitu- 

tion he was graduated in the Class of '83. Dr. 
Costolo then began the practice of his profession 
in this place and now stands in the foremost 
rank among the prominent physicians of this 
section. He is not only well versed in his profes- 
sion, but is a man of broad culture and extensive 
information on topics of general interest. He 
an excellent reputation, extending over the eastern 
part of the county and the territory adjacent 
thereto, and his sympathy for suffering humanity 
and manly bearing add to the esteem in which he 
is held. 

The lady to whom Dr. Costolo was married in 
1888 was Miss Alice, the daughter of Jlichael 
Quinlin, a prominent farmer in this township. 
They are both members of the Catholic Church 
and by all who know them are respected as they 
deserve. The Doctor has always taken an active 
part in politics and c-asts a Democratic ballot. He 
is a stockholder in the Loramie's Milling Company, 
and in medical affairs is a member of the Shelb\- 
County Medical Society, Northwestern State Med- 
ical Societ}', Southwestern State Medical Society, 
and the American Medical Association. 

^^ HARLES P. McKEE is the fortunate pro- 
[l( ^^ prietor of the best oil farm in Auglaize 
^^/ County, situated on section 16, St. Mary's 
Township, with whose interests his own have been 
closely interwoven for many years, as it has been 
his home from early childhood, and he has aided 
in its advancement materially, educationally, so- 
cially and religiously. He is a farmer of sound 
principles, and advanced views in regard to agri- 
culture, and he is an exemplary, public-spirited 
citizen, whom it gives us ple.asure to represent in 
this biographical work. 

A native of Ohio, Charles McKee was born in 
Athens County, September 17, 1833, but the month 
following his birth his parents removed to St. 
.Mary's, therefore the most of his life has been 
passed in tliis county. His father, Thomas Mc- 



Kee, was a native of Pennsylvania, but came to 
Obio wben very young with his parents, who were 
early settlers of this .Stale. His father was John 
McKee, who was of Irish birth. McKec 
was a fanner in Athens Count}- until his removal 
to this county in October, 1833. He resided in 
St. Mary's two years, and then purchased land a 
half-mile south of town, which he developed into 
a substantially improved farm. He was prominent 
and well known as a pioneer and a citizen, and 
was held in high regard bj- the entire community'. 
For many years, he was an Elder in the Presby- 
terian Church, and actively aided in the advance- 
ment of religious interests in this section. He 
departed this life in 1874, in his seventy-fourth 
year. His first wife, mother of our subject, 
Anuis Reynolds, who died in 1839. They had 
seven children, of whom three are living. His 
second wife was Sarah Amerstrong, a daughter of 
one of the first settlere of this section. She died 
in 1879. Five children were born of that mar- 
riage, of whom three are living. 

In his boyhood days, Charles McKee attended 
school in a log schoolhousc, and in that humble 
institution of learning laid the foundations of a 
sound education, that was completed in the excel- 
lent Union .School at St. Mary's. He had a bright 
mind and scholarly tastes, which led him to adopt 
the profession of a teacher, at which he was very 
successfully engaged some twenty terms, his experi- 
ence in school teaching being confined principal!}" 
to two districts, except during one winter, when 
he taught elsewhere. In the summer seasons, he 
devoted his time to farming, remaining an inmate 
of the parental home until nearly thirty yeai-s old 
that he might assist his father. He began farming 
for himself during the war, and has lived on the 
farm that he now occupies in St. Mary's Township 
for nearly twenty yeare. He first bought eighty 
acres of land, to which he has added by subsequent 
purchase until he has a good-sized farm of two 
hundred and twenty acres, which is in a fine con- 
dition, is amply supplied with modern improve- 
ments, and everything about the place bears evi- 
dence of careful and judicious management. Oil discovered here in December, 1891, and now 
there are fifteen flowing wells and one gas well. 

The farm was leased for oil purposes after the im- 
portant discover}-, and has been developed bv 
otiiers who have sub-leased it. 

Jlr. Mclvee and Miss Jennie Smith were united 
in marriage in 18C4, and theirs is a congenial 
union, as he is a model husband, alw.ays thouirht- 
ful of her welfare, is generous and considerate witli 
her, and does not forget the important part she 
has pla3-ed in the making of their home, while she 
is in every sense a true wife, w-ho sympathizes 
with her husband in his aims, is a sage counselor, 
and contributes greatly to his comfort and well- 
being by her wise and firm guidance of household 
matters. Mrs. McKee born near St. Mary's, 
and IS a daugliter of Aaron Smith, an early settler 
of the county, who is still living liere at a vener- 
able age. Mr. and ^ilrs. McKee have had six chil- 
dren, namely: ■\Villi,am, who is finel}- educated, 
and has taught school several terms; Edward; 
Ada J., deceased; Charles P., Jr.; Elza and Jennie. 
The McKees are prominent and well known in 
church and social circles, their integrity in all 
things, and their pleasant personal attributes m.ak- 
ing them greatly esteemed as members of the 
Presbytenan Church, and attracting to them many 

ILTON TA.AI enjoys a good reputation as 
;// ' ^\ an honest .and hard-working farmer, who 
is profitably engaged in liis business, on 
section 24, Duchouquet Township, Auo-- 
laize County. The fine condition of his farm, with 
its substantial buildings and well-tilled acres, o-ives 
ample proof of his thorough .acquaintance with the 
best methods of carrying on his callin?. 

The original of this sketch is a son of Juhii Tain, 
who was born in 1797 in Mrginia. lie was a 
brickmaker by trade, and after locatiiiir in this 
township, which at an early d,ay. manufactured 
the brick for the Burnett House and the Land Office 
in Wapakonet.!. He also a patriot in the War 



of 1812, having served nndei- Capt. McNeal, of 
Virginia, and being a warm-hearted and genial 
man. liad many friends among the soldiers. 

Our subject's mother bore the maiden name of 
Elizabeth Thompson, and was a native of Fairfield 
Countv, this State. She was married in her native 
place, and in 1832 came to this county, and after a 
residence of two j-ears in Wapakoneta, located on a 
farm on section 24, which is now the property of our 
subject. They were the first to settle in that local- 
ity, their only neighbors being the Indians who 
were verv numerous. The parents took up their 
abode in an Indian luit, where thej- resided until 
the father could erect a more suitable structure. 
He also built a sawmill on his farm, which was the 
first of its kind in that locality for some time, and en- 
tered two hundred and forty acres of land from the 
Government, which he cleared and resided upon 
until his decease, which took place in August, 1842; 
the mother died in 1876. They reared a family of 
seven children, only two of whom are living. The 
mother of oor subject was again married after the 
death of her husband, and became the mother of 
two children, and by her tliird union was also bora 
to her two children. She was a devoted member of 
the Christian Cliurch. Johri Tam took an active 
part in politics, voting the "Whig ticket. 

He of whom we write was the j-oungest in the 
parental family and was born April 16, 1836, in 
the Indian cabin above spoken of. He attended 
school in a log house, but being afflicted with 
white swelling, neglected his studies for twelve 
years. When reaching his majority, our subject 
began life on his own account and has always le- 
sided upon the old home farm. 

In 18.57, Jlr. Tam and JIiss Urbanna, daughter 
of .John and Hannah Older, were united in mar- 
riage. The father was an early settler of Union 
T<3wnship, this county, having located here over 
fifty-five years ago. His wife is still living on the 
old homestead and is eighty-four yeai-s of age. 
Mrs. Tam was born .lune :50. 18.'56, in Richland 
County, this State, and by her union with our sub- 
ject is the mother of nine children, all of whom are 
living and, with the exception of three, are married 
and established in homes of their omi. 

Our subject's portion of the home farm, which 

comprises one hundred and thirty acres, was forty- 
nine acres and to that he has since added, until his 
est,ate numbers two hundred and eightj'-four acres, 
he having given fifty acres to two of his children, 
twenty to one and thirty to another. His beautiful 
residence, which was erected four years ago, cost 
Si, 800 and is supplied with all the modern con- 
veniences, while his barn, which was erected in 
1876, also cost ?I,800, and is one of the finest in 
this section. The estate is thoroughly drained 
with many rods of tiling, and is .supplied with 
modera improvements and all the appliances in 
machinery for facilitating agricultural labors. 

In early life, Mr. Tam taught school for several 
terms, but of recent years given his time and 
attention exclusively to conducting his farm. He 
has given his children good educations, and has 
served as Director oL the School Board for a 
number of years. In politics, he is a believer in 
the principles of the Republican party. During 
the period of his residence here, his life has been 
such as to win him the confidence of those with 
whom business relations have brought him in con- 
tact, and the warm personal regard of many 


^Tpj\ EXJAMIX W. MAXWELL, the first miller 
|u>^. of Sidney and for many years a much- 
'/^' I esteemed resident of that city, wits born five 
^isr miles north of Dayton, Ohio, in Jlontgom- 
erv County, on the 21st of November, 1817, and 
was the son of Samuel S. and Polly (Wagner) 
JIaxwell. the father a successful farmer. The 
Maxwells were a prominent familj- in Pennsylva- 
nia for many yeai-s. and Samuel and family came 
West in 183,5 and settled within the liorders of 
Shelby County. The year before this. Mr. Max- 
well had visited this section and had purchased 
land from the Government, two and one-half miles 
from Sidney. He cleared off a portion of land and 
in 1835 erected a mill on Mosquito Creek, and 
this he operated for a number of years, makintr 



his home there until after the subject of this sketch 
left home, when he sohl the farm. Samuel S. Max- 
well held the office of County Commissioner for 
two or three terms. At his death he left but oue 
child, our subject. One son, Abram, died in 1864, 
the other two, .John and Thomas, having died pre- 

The original of this notice received the advan- 
tages of a good common-school education and at 
an early age began leaniing the milling business, 
[jicking it up himself. The mill had but one run 
of stone at first, but this was enlarged to three and 
a verj- successful business was carried on. AVIien 
our subject removed to town, he purchased a mill 
with four run of stones and continued to operate 
this until 1872. Previous to the last-mentioned 
date, in 18G8, he purchased a mill on the Big Four 
tr.ick and put in a roller process, this being early 
for that impi'ovemeut. lie also owned the mill in 
East Sidney, changed it from a woolen mill to a 
gristmill, put in a stone process, and in 1889 fitted 
it up with the latest improved roller process. At 
that date, he abandoned the mill on the Big Four 
track. The present mill is suiiplied with power 
from Mosquito Creek and has a capacity of one 
hundred barrels. 

Ml-. Maxwell gave almost his entire life to mill- 
ing and his mills were in the most thorough and 
complete condition, fitted out with all the latest 
improvements in milling m.achinery, so that all his 
customers could rely on getting the best. He 
very successful in this occupation and was a prac- 
tical, wide-aw.ake business man. He married Miss 
Mary J. .Shaw, of Green Township, this county, 
and two children blessed this union: Almira, who 
died when sixteen years of age, and Samuel W. 
The father of these 'children died on the 12th of 
January, 1892, and his wife survived him but 
eight days. They were highly respected all over 
the community and were classed among the law- 
al)iding and much-esteemed citizens. 

Samuel W. Maxwell, son of the above-mentioned 
couple, was liorn in Perry Township, this county, 
on the loth of May, 1818, and received his early 
education in the East Sidney schools, later finishing 
in the Central High .School .and Cleveland Business 
College. After finishing his education, he entered 

the mill with his father and became thoroughly fa- 
miliar with the business, being employed in the mill 
until called upon to take charge of the same about 
five yeai-s ago. He is now doing a roost successful 
business and is a first-class miller. He selected his 
wife in the person of Miss Clara Arbuckle, a na- 
tive of Shelby Countv, and the daughter of K. C. 
Arbuckle, a farmer of this county, and their nup- 
tials were celebrated on the 19th of 3Ia\-, ISGy. 
They have one child living, Benjamin, and one 
deceased, Roy, a bright boy, who died when seven 
veal's of age. IMr. and Jlrs. Maxwell are members 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church and are liberal 
contributors to all movements of moment. He is a 
member of the Board of Trustees and has been 
a member of the Council one term. He has a good 
residence on Miami Avenue and is very comforl- 
ablv situated. 

' :' UDGE A. J. RERSTOCK, A. B., .Judge of the 
Probate Court of Shelby County, born 
in Butler, Pa., and is a son of anti 
Frances (Eberhardt) Rebstock, n.itives of 
Germany. The father was a teacher of music and 
for some time previous to coming to America 
Director of music at Tubingen. 

Our subject conducted his early studies in liis 
native place and was later graduated from the 
Allegany College, at Meadville, Pa., with the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts. Having dctermineii 
to follow the profession of law, Jlr. Rebstock 
read with .Senator Mitchell and .John H. Thompson, 
of Butler, and admitted to the Bar in 1860. 
After practicing a short time in that pl.ace. he went 
West to Davenport. Iowa, and formed a partner- 
ship with a Mr. Lane, the firm name being Lane i 
Rebstock. They continued together onlv three 
months, however, when our subject came to .*<id- 
ney, this county, desiring to make this his futuic 

In 1862, he of whom we write enlisted in the 
Union army, and being mustered into Ciiinpan\- H. 



Twentieth Ohio Infantry, was sent to join the West- 
ern division of the army under Gen. Logan, wbicli 
was perhaps more familiarl\' called the Army of the 
Tennessee. Mr. Rebstock participated in eight or ten 
important battles, among which was the siege of 
Vicksburg. lie went into the army as a private 
and was later detailed into the band, becoming a 
member of Gen. Sprague's Brigade Band of the 
Seventeentli Army Corps and Second Brigade, 
with which he reiiiaincd until the close of the war. 
Receiving his honorable discharge at Louisville, 
Ky., he returned Imnie and resumed the practice 
of bis profession. For two terms, he occupied the 
position of Prosecuting Attorney and was later 
Recorder of the county, and School Examiner for 
fifteen years, and .lustice of the Peace for several 

Judge Rebstock was elected to his iiresent posi- 
tion in 1887, and having acceptably filled the 
office, was re-elected in 1800 for the ens\iing three 
years. In addition to his olticial duties, our sub- 
ject superintends the operation of two farms 
which he owns in Turtle C ri'ck :uid Fraidvlin 
Townships. Shelliy County, and wliich comprise 
two hundred and fourteen .acres. I'ntil a few years 
agi], he identified with the band in this 
place, having inherited marked musical talent 
from his father, by whom he was instructed. 

Miss Elizabeth Clawson, who was born in this 
city July 28, 1846, became the wife of our subject 
in 1 8(!5. She is the daughter of Abraham Clawson, 
one of tlie old pioneers of this county, and by her 
union with our subject became the mother of the 
following four children; Carrie, John A., William 
E., and Harry. John A. married i\Iiss Virginia 
Craft, cif I'aytDn, this State, to wliom were born 
Bertha and Willa. William E., a most intelligent 
and talented young man, departed this life July 4, 
1891, when twenty-one years of .age. 

In social matters Judge Relistock is a Grand Army 
man and as such is a member of the Union Veter- 
an's I'niiin and was aiipointed on the st.aff of S. S. 
Yoder as Aid-de-Camp witli the title of Colonel. He 
was in former years a memlier of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows but has not kept up his con- 
nections with that society. The family are mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal Chureli. in which 

.societ}- they have a high standing. The Judge 
has a pleasant residence on Franklin Street, where 
he har, resided many years. Methodical and exact 
by habit and conscientiously earnest in all his 
undertakings, he has proven himself a competent 
business man. His life has been a busy one, but 
no obstacle has ever made him swerve from the 
path of duty or abandon the end in view. 


yllOWS D. INDERRIEDEN. A cursory view 
of the business streets of anj' town, whether 
^1 largo or small, will impress the observer re- 
^^i/J garding the business .ability of the various 
dealers. The very appearance of a store or shop 
gives an indication as to whether the establishment 
is in a thriving condition or not, and it necess.arily 
follows that the degree of enterprise that has been 
shown by the proprietor, and his good judgment 
in selecting his stock,is also manifest. In Loramie's, 
Shelby County, one of the most thriving business 
houses is that of John D. Inderrieden, a prominent 
hardware merchant. 

Our subject was born in Newport, Ky., October 
4, 1852, and is a son of Ileiiiy Inderrieden, who 
was a native of (lermany. The latter emigrated 
to the New World when a young man, and, locat- 
ing in Kentucky, was variouslv engaged until 
18G0, when ho came to .Shelby County and pur- 
chased land in iMcLean Towushi|i, which was 
partially improved. Ten j-ears latci-, he took up 
his abode in Loramio's, where his decease occurred 
in 1870. firm in the faith of the Catholic Church. 
His good wife, who. to her marriage, was 
Jliss Elizabeth Wehmoff, was also born in the 
Fatherland, and came to America with her parents. 
By her union with our subject were born ,-ix chil- 
dren, four (if wliom are living. She departed 
this life in ISIU. 

John 1). Inderrieden was reared to farm pursuits, 
and, when fifteen years of age, worked out for a 
vear on a farm. He then went to ;\linster, this 
State, and served an a|iprentieeship i.if fi^ur yeai-s at 



the tinner's trade, and in 1872 began in business 
for liiiiisolf in Loramie's. retailing stoves and tin- 
ware. He lias <rraduall_v added to his stock, until 
now ho carries a full line of heav}' and shelf h.ard- 
wiire and agricultural implements, and is also en- 
gaged in the lumber business. lie has been very 
successful in his undertiiking and deserves great 
credit for his jjresent high standing in the business 
community, as he began life witli limited means. 

In 1880, Mr. Inderriedeu was married to Mar- 
garet, daughter of Joseph and Margaret Rieger. 
Her parents weie natives of Germany, and her 
father, who is still living, is a shoemaker by trade. 
The six children born to our subject and his wife 
bear the respective names of William, Edward, 
Mary, Emma. Ida and Adeline C, the latter of 
whom is deceased. 

A Democrat in [lolitics, i^ur subject taken an 
active part in all movements of that body, and has 
served .as Township Clerk for the p.ost twelve years. 
He is at present a member of tlie Village Council, 
and is in every w.ay a citizen worthy of the trust 
and confidence that he has inspired liy his honorable 
career .as a business man and his merits in every 
other respect. In addition to carrying on his thriv- 
ing business as a hardware merchant, he is a stock- 
holder in the Loramie's 'Milling Company, of which 
association he has been President for many years, 
and a prominent factor in its organization. 
He is the proprietor of his store building and res- 
idence, the former of which is two stories in height 
with basement, and i> -i.'ixl:?!; feet in dimensions. 

r_^ ON. WIl.l.lA.M \ANCK MARQUIS, Lieu- 
\^ tenuut-liovenior of Ohio in 18y0 and 1892, 
A^ bfliiiigs to :i family whose history in Anier- 
vt5)) ica dates liack to Colonial d.ays. Their 
Ercnch-lluguenot ancestors were forced to llec 
from the land of their nativity, some finding re- 
fuge ill Ireland, and olliers in Seotlaiid. In IT'-'O. 
the first iviJi-p-en la fives of the familv in the I'liited 

suites emigrated to old Virginia, of which State 
they became permanent residents. Thomas Mar 
quis, great-grandfather of our subject, served with 
(ien. Washington in the Revolutionary War, and 
Capt. "William Marquis an active participant 
in the War of 1812, serving under Gen. Hull. 

.Several membere of the family were eloquent 
and honored ministei-s of the Church, 
and among them the most distinguished the 
Rev. Thomas Marquis, commonly known as the 
■•silver-tongued Marquis," who was pastor of the 
Cross Creek Church, in W-ashington County, Pa., 
for more than thirty yeai-s. John Marquis, father 
of our subject, removed with his father's family 
from the alx)ve named county to Ohio, where he 
first settled in Belmont County, and afterward re- 
moved to Logan County in 1832, becoming a 
inominent merchant in Bellefontaine. He was 
closely identified with the progress of his commu- 
nity until his death in 1848. 

Our subject was named after 3Iaj. William 
A'ance. a prominent figure in the history of the 
Presbyterian Church in Western Peun.sylvania. 
He lx)rn in ]Mt. Vernon, Knox Countv, Ohio, 
3I.ay 1, 1828, and a child of four years when 
he accompanied his parents to Bellefontaine. His 
ediiciition gained in the common schools of 
the village, and, while yet a youth, he entered his 
father's store as a clerk, and thus ensraged un- 
til the death of the latter, when the business 
closed. In 1853, he apjiointed by President 
Pierce Postm.aster at Bellefontjune. and held that 
oflice for eight years. 

In 18G2. Mr. JIarquis engaged in the hardware 
business, under the firm name of Scirff iV- Marquis, 
and continued in that connection for eight vears, 
when he succeeded to the entire business. While 
thus eng;iged, he occupied one room in town for 
more than thirty ye.ars. In 1871, in companv 
with Judge William Lawrence and some others, he 
.assisted in organizing the Bellefontaine National 
Bank, of which he li,as since been A'iee-president. 
having held tliat honorable position for twent\- 
one years. 

In politics a Democrat, our subject has ever 
taken a leading and active part in the public af- 
fairs of the day. and is one of the foremost men 



in lii,-i i)arty in tlie State. In 1867, he served as 
JNIayor of Bellefontainc, and was instrumental in 
introducing many needed reforms in municipal 
jjovernraent. He was a member of the City Coun- 
cil for fifteen years, and for the same period was a 
member of the Board of Education. In every- 
thing calculated to advance the interests of the 
place morally or educationally, he was especially 
active and zealous, and still retains his deep inter- 
est in the progress of the city. 

In 1878, he was nominated by his party as a 
Member of Congress, representing the Fourth Dis- 
trict, and, although not elected, polled a vote that 
showed his great popularity. In 1876, he the 
delegate from the Eighth District in the St. Louis 
convention which nominated Samuel J. Tilden .as 
President. However, the greatest political honor 
conferred upon him was in 1889, when both par- 
ties made vigorous search for their best men, and 
tlie contest assumed national importance. It was 
not a surprise to his friends when William Vance 
Manjuis nominated as Lieutenant-Governor, 
the first place on the ticket being held by James E. 
Campbell. Jlr. Marquis was elected by thirty-two 
majority over Mr. Lampson, the Republican can- 
didate. An effort was made to declare the claimed 
niajoritv wrong, and that Lampson received 
twenty-three majority. The matter was contested 
before the Ohio Senate, and i-esulted in a verdict 
in favor of Mr. Marquis. He tilled the office with 
distinguished honor, as he had ever filled all offices 
of trust and responsibility, and when he retired, 
.lanuary 11. 181)2, carried with him the esteem and 
respect even of his political opponents. 

XovemlKM- \'2. 1860, Mr. Jlarquisand Miss Annie 
.M. Sti-rrelt. of Logan Comity, were united in ma'-- 
riage, and lived happily together until the death 
of the wife in August, 18G8. The second wife of 
Jlr. Marcpiis, to whom he was married JIarch 31, 
1880, was JIi-s. Helen JI. Guy, a native of Lancas- 
ter County. Pa., but at that time a resident of Belle- 
fontaine. She died February 20, 1881, leaving a 
daughter, Helen JIay. born .lanuary 30, 1881. 
Tlie lady wlio ^lay •'!, IS.s.J, became the wife of 
(lur subject was formerly Jliss Adelaide (i. Swift. 
and was the daughter of the late Col. Aluaiii Swift, 
of Hamilton Countv, Oliif). This excelleiit lady 

was a devoted helpmate to her husband until 
called hence by death, December 29, 1889. Mr. 
Marquis was married July 14, 1892, to Miss Mar- 
garetta, daughter of the late Dr. John M. Parker. 

Socially, Gov. Marquis is identified with the 
Masonic fraternity, having taken the Thirty-sec- 
ond Degree, and is also a member of the Indepen- 
dent Order of Odd Fellows, having represented that 
organization several times in the Grand Lodge. 
Social in nature, yet unassuming, with a natural 
activity of temperament, he made a success of 
whatever he has undertaken. The secret of his 
prosperity lies in his integrity and unwavering 
probity, which have been prominent characteristics 
from the very outset of his business career. He 
has merited and won the esteem and friendship of 
all who have been brought in public or business 
relations with him, and wherever known, his name 
is the synonym of honor, energy and enterprise. 

In this connection will be noticed the litho- 
graphic portrait of Gov. Marquis. 


Cp\\ A. STUE^'E. a member of the law firm of 
L.avton it Stueve, of Wapakoneta, Ohio, is 
1^' not only a young lawyer of ability, but is 
prominent in social circles as well. His reputation 
is already established upon a firm foundation, and 
he is deservedly looked upon as one of the most 
energetic and progressive members of the Bar. He 
was born in Minster, Auglaize County, Ohio, Ko- 
vember 27, 185.5, and is a son of Clemens and Eliz- 
abeth (Vogt) Stueve, both natives of Germany. 

The paternal grandfather of our subject. Her- 
man Stueve, was a carpenter and builder by trade, 
and followed this in his own country. Germany, 
with substantial results until 1834. when, on the 
10th of September, he decided to emigrate to the 
L.and of the Free. After reaching the American 
continent, he settled in Minster, then known as 
Stallotown, in November, and there his death oc- 
curred on the 28th of July, 1849, of cholera. His ' 
son Clemens, the father of our subject, but 



seven years of age when lie crossed the ocean with 
his parents, and lie finished his growtli in the 
Buckeye State, Auglaize County. He learned the 
w.agon-maker's trade, but did not follow it long. 
For a numlier of yeare lie was engaged in business 
in Minster, and became one of the best known and 
much esteemed citizens of the same. He is at 
present tlie proprietor of the Henry House at Wa- 
jjakonela. and keeps one of the best and most 
home-like houses in the place. His marriage re- 
.-ulted in the birth of eleven children, six sons and 
tivc daughters. 

C. A. Stueve, the third child in order of birth, 
attained his growtli, and received his education in 
the .school of Jlinster and at Toledo. Later, he 
altended the lUisinoss College at Cincin- 
nati, and then eiubarked in business with his 
father, with wliom he remained but a short time. 
After this, he made his home in Decatur, Ind., for 
more than a year, and on the 17th of March, 1878, 
he came to 'Wapakoneta, and began reading with 
R. D. Marshall and T. W. Brotherton. Still later, 
he went to Dayton. Ohio, and there continued un- 
til he was admitted to the Bar. on the Gtli of .June, 
1882. He then located at Wapakoneta and became 
a partner with Hon. F. C. L.ayton, the present ^lem- 
l)er of Congress, and this continued as the firm 
of Layton it Stueve since 1883. This firm enjoys 
the leading pr.actice of the county, and its reputa- 
tion is first-class for integrity and trustworthiness 
in all matters entrusted to it. Mr. Stueve is a 
gentleman of much abilit}- in his profession, and 
is possessed of rare social qualities. He attends to 
the business of his partner when the latter is away 
as a ^lember of Congress, and is wide-aw.ake and 

On the 17tli of Octol)er, 1882, he led to the 
allar iliss Mary A. Dickman, of Auglaize County. 
( tliici, and this union has resulted in the birth of 
three Sons, as follows: Richard C, Winfreil H.. 
and Theodore F. .Mi-, and Mrs. .Stueve aie faith- 
ful members of tlie Catholic Church. Mr. Stueve 
was Corporation Clerk from April, 1880, until 
September, 1881. when he resigned to go to Day- 
t..ii, (Jhio, t(.i finish his studies. He wa^ elected 
-Mayor (if the town of Wapakoneta in 1888. and 
served in that capacity one term. He was Deputy 

County Treasurer for two years, during 1879 and 
1881, and at present he holds the position of 
Chairman of the County Democratic Executive 
Committee. ■ He is a very prominent }-oung man. 

ii l» ILLIAM YOUNG. There is no finer farm 
%/\j/i ^'''■'''" thelimitsof Franklin Township, and 
'\jf^ few more highly cultivated throughout 
all Shelby County, than the estate owned and man- 
aged by Mr. Young. Through his unaided exer- 
tion? he has become the owner of two hundred and 
eiglity acres comprised in this farm, beside one 
hundred acres near Bloom Centre, Logan County. 
His residence, which was erected to replace one 
burned in 1883, is an elegant briek structure, and 
without doubt the most comforUible rtiral lunne in 
the township. 

A few words with reference to the ancestors of 
Mr. Young will not be amiss. His grandfather, 
Charles Young, a soldier during the Revolu- 
tionary War, and participated in the battle of 
Bunker Hill, afterward serving under Gen. Wash- 
ington nnd receiving injuries in active engage- 
ment'. At the close (if the conflict, he returned 
to Berkeley County. W. \'a., where he conducted 
farming o|)erations on his estate of five hundred 
acies. His son Adam there born. November 
2'). 17118, and remained in that county until he was 
sixteen yeai-s old. He then removed to Ohio and 
settled in Pickaway County, where he was mar- 

The mother of our subject known in maid- 
enhood .as .Sarah Crum. and was born in R(jeking- 
hani County, Va., .September 13, 17;)7. Her father, 
Anthony Crum, a soldier in the War of 1812, 
and afterward owned a plantation in the Old Do- 
minion. The parents of our subject resided in 
Pickaway County until 1831, wla-n they came to 
.Shelby County, and settled on an unimpro\ed 
farm in Franklin Township. Eiglit \eais were 
.spent in clearing the soil, turning the lirst fiu- 
rows and sratlieriuir in the harvests of golden 



giain. The phice wjis then sold, and the fam- 
ily removed to Din^moie Township, where set- 
tlement was made on eight}' acres of land which 
had not been reclaimed from the wilderness. Upon 
that place the mother died March 2;3, 1865, and 
the father March 20, 1S71. 

In their religious belief, the parents were life- 
long members and ardent supporters of the !Meth- 
odist Episco])al Church, in which he Class- 
leader and Steward, and was licensed as an exhorter. 
Politically, he was a Whig, and upon the organiza- 
tion of the Republican party, joined its ranks. 
His famil}- consisted of seven children, tlirce of 
whom survive, namely: Mrs. ,Tohn W. Fridley. our 
subject, and Jason, who is a minister in the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church. William Young was born 
in Pickaw.ay County, August 31, 1819, and p.assed 
his childhood j-ears in his father's home. He had 
no educational advant.ages, but by observation and 
reading has kept abreast with the times, and is a 
well-informed man. 

jMarch 25, 1841, Mr. Yoinig was married toIMiss 
Louisa, daughter of Stephen Kingrcy, of Jladison 
County, Ohio, and soon after that important event 
lie settled on a rented farm in Dinsraore Township. 
He continued as a renter until 18-19, when he pur- 
cliased the farm where lie has since made his home. 
He at oiK'C erected a frame house, the first in the 
vicinity, .-md with the aid of his noble and helpful 
wife evolved a line farm from the wilderness. Mrs. 
Louisa Young was liorn in ^Madison County, Ohio, 
March 16. 1822, and died .Tune 9, 1858. Only two 
of her six children are now living: Rufina married 
.Icjhn Shellenbarger, and the_y have throe children; 
.Vdam H. chose as his wife .'^arah E. Kairdon, and 
tliov are tlie parents of six children, their liome be- 
ing in Iowa. 

The lady wlio on August 26. 1861, becirme the 
wife of ^Ir. Young w;is formerly Mrs. Loretta A. 
Williams, a native of Fairfield County, Ohio. Her 
father, IMicliael Rairdoii, was a soldier in tlie War 
of l,sl2. :uid a Major in the .State militia after tlie 
(■lo>e of tlie war. Of tliis union seven cliildren 
were lioni.six now living, as follows: F. Fi. K. mar- 
ried ^[iiinie Fogt, ami lUey have one child; Kli/.a. 
ihs. (ieorge Waitman, has one child : .lolui W.. 
Kddie W.. George W. and Willie JleK. are at home 

■with their father. JNIrs. Loretta A. Young passed 
from earth May 27, 1888, mourned by a large cir- 
cle of friends. A son of Mr. Y'oung by his first 
marriage, James C, served in the Civil War, and 
died at Bowling Green, Ky., November 27, 1862. 
In I'eligious convictions, Mr. Y'oung is a member 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church, in which he been Steward, Trustee, Class-leader and local 
minister. Politically, he a Rejiublican until 
recently, but is now a Prohibitionist. His work on 
the Township Board of Education has been pro- 
ductive of good, and he also served efficiently 
as Koad Supervisor. He has been from his youth 
a man of great industry and enterprise, and cleared 
two hundred acres of land before his niarri.age. 
His success is the result of his determination and 
push, and in connection with his financial prosper- 
ity he has also gained and maintained the confi- 
dence of his fellow-men. 

*Tf„ ENRY J. F. NIETERT, who is engaged in 
K~J, the manufacture of flour, and in buying 
ii^^ and shipping grain at St. Mary's, in part- 
i^) nership with his son-in-law, A. C. Koop, is 
numbered among the men of far-seeing enterprise 
and solid business ((ualifieations, who have aided 
in placing on a firm foundation the prosperity of 
Auglaize Coiiiitv, of which their fathers were pio- 

Our subject is a native of Germany, born April 
13, 1832. His father, (iotleib Nietert, was al^o of 
(ierman nativity, born in Schaumberg. in the 
province of Lippe. He emigrated to America in 
1832 with his family, crossing the ocean from Bre- 
men to Baltimore in a thirteen weeks' voyage. He 
made his way to Pittsl)urg, and thence went down 
the Ohio River to Cincinnati on a keel boat, lie 
lived at Miamislnirgh nine months, and then came 
to what is now Auglaize County, in the fall of 
1833, and was a pioneer settler near Wapakoneta, 
where he entered eighty acres of land. He built 



a log house, and in tbat humble abode he and his 
family commenced life here. The country was 
wild and unsettled, he being one of the fli'st to lo- 
cate at that point, .and some Indians still lingered 
around their old haunts, although the main tribe 
had been removed. JNIr. Nielert worked steadily 
to clear and improve his land, and in a few j-ears 
sold it at a good advance on the cost price. His 
next move was to a place tw(.i miles northeast of 
Bremen, where lie bought a partly-improved farm 
on the Knoxville and Bremen Road. In 1860, he 
removed to Bremen, and there he serenely passed 
the declining years of a long and honorable life, 
dying in 1882, in lus eight \-n in th year, leaving 
behind him a good record as one of the most wor- 
thy of our pioueei's, who greatly respected for 
his sterling merits. Ilis wife departed this life in 
1888, in her eighty-eighth year. 

The subject of this sketcli i? the elder of two 
children. lie had to obtain his education -princi- 
pall}- in the school of experience, as there were no 
public schools in the county until he twelve 
years old, so that his schooling limited to about 
three months' attendance at a primitive log house. 
He lived with his father until 1855, affording him 
valuable assistance in carrying on his farm, and 
he then engaged in agricultural pursuits for him- 
self for five years. At the expiration of that time, 
he entered the mercantile business with John H. 
Boesche, at IS'ew Bremen, and they dealt together 
in grain, pork, etc., from ISGD to 1875. In the 
latter year, Jlr. Nietert and his son-in-law, A. C. 
Koop, purcliased the Monsard flouring mills at St. 
Mary's, and since then have been actively engaijed 
in the manufacture of flour at this point, and in 
buying and shipping grain. Tliey do a large and 
lucrative business, conducted with sagacity and 
enterprise, that places them among the most thriv- 
ing business men of this locality. They are quick 
to take advantage of the markets, and by prompt- 
ness in payment and fair dealing, maintain 
sound credit in tinancial circles. Mr. Nietert 
started out in life with no means, but a clear brain, 
a stead}- hand and a resolute will have been good 
substitutes for moneyed capital, and with these he 
has acquired riches. His interest in an Indiana 
oil licld bring- liiiii in a ^ond sum vcarlv. and he 

has valuable city property at St. Mary's, including 
his handsome brick residence on the corner of 
Main and Water Streets. 

Mr. Nietert was married, in 18.">.), to Jliss Eliza- 
beth Arnett. who is a native of Oermantown. 
Montgomery County, and to her capable manage- 
ment of household affairs he is greatly indebted 
for the coziness and true comfort that prevail in 
their well-ordered houio. .AIr>. Nietert'^ parcm,-~ 
were natives respectively of \irgiiiia and I'enus\i- 
vania. Her father a farmer, and was an earlv 
settler of Montgomery County. Mr. and Mis. 
Nietert have two chihiren: :\Iary. wife of A. C. 
Koop, has four children: Clarence, Emil. Leon and 
Alandes; Minnie, wife of .1. II. Knost. has two cliil- 
dren: Alfred and Augusta, of St. JIarv"?. 

Our subject is alive to the interests of the citx- 
of his adoption, and has done much U) forward 
them, both as a private citizen and .as a |iul.ilic olli- 
cial. He has been a member of the C<,iuncil sev- 
eral terms, and is at present a Gas Trustee of St. 
Mary's. Politically, lie is a Democrat of the truest 
type, and served his party .as delegate tj tlie 
county and district conventions. Both he and his 
wife are memlicrs of the German Reformed Church, 
and all worthy religious and cliaritable objects that 
come under their notice are sure of their generous 

^ OHN KAUTZMAN. Pennsylvania has given 
to Logan County many e.~tiinali!e citizen- 
but she has contributed none more hiylilv 
^^/ respected, or for the conscientiou> disclianre 
of duty in every relation of life more worth \- of 
respect and esteem, than the suliject (:>f this .-keteli. 
He was born in Franklin Count v. Pa., on tlie L'l.-l 
of October. 1806, and is now one of the oldest men 
in the county. 

The parents of our subject, .lohn and .Alary Ann 
(Cook) Kautzman, were natives of Pennsylvania, 
where they were reared and married. The father 
was b<nn ua the loth of IMay. 178U.aiid al'lei mar- 



riage he aad his wife rciiioved to the Old Domin- 
ion, ivhere they remained until 184,5. From there 
they went to Ohio .ind settled in Rush Creek Town- 
ship, Logan County, where they partly improved 
a farm. There they received their final summons, 
the father dying at the ago of ninety-four years 
and two days, and the mother when ninety-two 
years and two days old. Seven children were born 
to their union, five sons and two daughters, all of 
whom grew to maturity and all married but one. 
George, a carpenter by trade, resides in Iowa; Daniel 
died in the service of his country; Barney (de- 
ceased); Ann, wife of .John Roberts, of this county; 
and Deli la, widow of .Tames D. Cox, of 

John Kautzman, the eldest child, remained with 
his parents until twenty-two j'ears old, and received 
his scholastic training in the common schools. 
At the age of twenty-three, he commenced learn- 
ing the tailor's trade in Franklin County, Pa., and 
after six mouths left and began working on a farm 
by the month in Virginia. From there he came to 
(Jhio in 1833, first to Greene Count}- and later, or 
in 1845, to Logan County, where he has made his 
home for the most part ever since. He was married 
in (ireene County, Ohio, in August, 1836, to Miss 
Ann Ticen, a native of New Jersey, born in 1807. 
When but a small girl. Mrs. Kautzman came to 
Ohio with her father .and settled with him in 
Greene County, where she grew to womanhood. 

After marriage, our subject and wife located in 
Bellbrook, Greene County, Ohio, where he worked 
at the tailoring business until 184.5. As above 
mentioned, lie then removed to Logan County 
and bought a faiiii in Rush Cieek Township, which 
he tilled very successfully until 1856, after which 
he left tlie farm and i-emoved to Rushsylvania. 
There he engaged in the grocery business until 
the 7th of April. 1881, when he became convinced 
that he had had his share of Iiard work and retired 
from business. He sold his farm and now dwns 
a double front, two-story brick business block, 
besides a comfortable and pleasant dwelling. He 
and his wife are the oldest couple in the county, 
and are honored and respected by the many with 
whom they are acquainted. No more highly es- 
teemed citizens live in the county than Jlr. ami 
Kautzman. and the}' ever donate liberally to pub- 

lic enterprises, such as churches, schools, etc. They 
have had no children. Mr. Kautzman aUiliates 
with the Republican party in his political views. 
He has been Notary Public for twenty years or 
more, was Justice of the Pe.a<;e for six years, and 
Township Clerk for three years. He was made a 
Mason in 1854 at Bellefontaine, Ohio, and was at 
one time a member of the Sons of Temperance. 
He has always been a strong temperance man and 
has not touched liquor since 1848. He is a mem- 
ber of the Disciples Church. His grandfather, 
Barne\' Kautzman, a native of Germany and 
crossed the ocean to America when a young man. 
He was married in Pennsylvania but afterward le- 
moved to Virginia and settled in Augusta County. 
Our subject's maternal grandf.ather, Adam Cook, 
was born in Peuns3-lvania, but his father was a n.a- 
tive of (lernianv. 

fr(^\ was organized in 1870, with J. H. Timmer- 
"^^fe/ meister as President; A. M. Kuhn, Secre- 
tary and Manager, and L. N. Blume, Treasurer. 
The present olKcers are: J. H. Timmcrmtister, 
President; J. H. Doering, Vice-president; L. N. 
Blume, Treasurer; and Carl D. Fischer, Secretary 
and Manager. This concern is one of the largest 
of its kind in Eastern Ohio, and in the vari- 
ous branches of this great industry one hundred 
and tifty men are emplo_yed. All kinds of wheels 
are manufactured and shipped all over the United 
States and the Old Country. A switch runs into 
their factory from the Cincinnati, Hamilton it 
Dayton R.ailroad, and there they load their cars. 

Carl D. Fischer, the General Manager and Secre- 
tary of this concern, is a native of Hessen, Ger- 
many, born June 19, 1855, and is one of the most 
capable and thorough business men of the county. 
He is the son of John and Elizabeth (.Schnellen- 
pfeil) Fischer, both natives of Germany, where the 
father is living at the present time and is now 
seventy-three years of age. The mother is de- 



Carl D. Fischer was thoroughly educated in the 
schools of Germany, and subsequently served an 
apprenticeship at the mercantile business, where 
he acquired a thorough knowledge of book-keep- 
ing, etc. When eighteen years of age, or in 1873, 
he bade farewell to his native land and sailed for 
America, landing in Now York City. From there 
lie came direct to AVapakoneta, Ohio, and although 
he had very little capital to start with, he pos- 
sessed all the thrift and perseverance char.acteris- 
tic of the Germans, and immediately began search- 
ing for some paying position. He secured a position 
with his brother Dittmar as clerk in a grocery 
store, and remained with him about two and one- 
half years. After this, he became a partner, and 
on the death of his brother, in 1876, he assumed 
full charge of the business, taking a partner under 
the firm title of Fischer it Lucas. They continued 
together until 1884, when they sold out, and Mr. 
Fischer took the management of the Wapakoneta 
Bending Works, of which he was the originator, 
and continued with this as Secretaiy and Man- 
ager until 1890. At the same time, he assumed 
the management and vice-presidency of the Wa- 
pakoneta, Wheel Works, and his time was thor- 
oughly taken up with the business of both con- 
cerns. He took his present position on the 1st of 
.)uly, 1887, and has been in charge ever since. At 
one time, he had the management of four fac- 
tories for the American Wheel Company, located 
at Wapakoneta. St. Jlary's. Ottawa (Ohio.) and Ft. 
Wayne, Ind. 

Mr. Fischer a thorough knowledge of the 
business and has prospered in all his undertakings. 
All the factories have made much progress under 
his management, and Wapakoneta is to be con- 
gratulated on being the center of such important 
enterprises. iSIr. Fischer is President of the Wa- 
pakoneta JIachine Company, and is thoroughly 
alive to tlie business interests of this city. lie w;is 
married, in 1878, to Miss Louisa Fischer, and the 
fruits of this union liave been two interesting chil- 
dren: Carl U., .Tr.. and Einil .J. 

Mr. Fischer has shown his appreciation of secret 
organizations by becoming a member of the Ma- 
sonic fraternity and the Independent Order of 
Udd Fellows. IK- ;i„.l .Ml-. Fischer are active 

and zealous members of the German Lutheran 
Church and are liberal contributors to the same, 
as well as to all enterprises for the advancement 
of town and county. They are higlily esteemed 
as citizens and neighbors, and are a credit to any 


'^i^OSEPH RATEK.MANN who occupies the 
prominent position of .Sheriff of Shelby 
County, elected to that office in 1889 

and re-elected to the same position in 1891. 

He is at present residing in Sidney, and beinsr 
possessed of those sterling traits of char.acter that 
mark a thoroughly conscientious and upright man, 
he is greatl}' respected by all who know him. 

A native of this county, our subject liorn 
in Berlin, September 2, 18.50, and is the son of 
John B. H, and Anna Mary ( Wellmann ) Ratermann, 
both of whom were born in Germany. The par- 
ents took up their abode in Berlin in 1834, Init 
this now tliriving village did not even boast 
of a name until many yeai-s after their loca- 
tion there. The father of our suliject purch.ased 
land from the Government and until it was piaceil 
in a productive condition, worked on the canal in 
order to su|)|)ly his family with the necessities of 
life. The estate, which comprised one hundred and 
twenty acres, w;»s soon placed under good tillage 
and there the parents made their home until their 

The original of this sketcli received a good edu- 
cation in tlie schools of Berlin, which place has 
since been called Lorainie's. lie remained on 
the home farm assisting his father in its manage- 
ment until the latter 's death, when in addition to 
carrying on the estate, he went into tlie grain busi- 
ness, having his headquarters at Loramie's. He was 
thus engaged for three years, when he erected a 
roller-process flouring mill, which the first of 
its kind in the county and whose capacity was 
ses eiil\ -live barrels a dav. Mr. Raleriuaun uUu 



owned a warehouse near the mill, which latter was 
soon burned, and our subject having no insurance 
lost all lie had. 

After the catastrolihe aliove mentioned, <iur sub- 
ject came to Sidney and 0|>crated as "mine host" 
of the Union House for tiu-ee jears, in whicli busi- 
ness he was more than cudinarily successful. At 
the expiration of tliat time lie sold his hotel and, 
being nominated for Slieriff, removed for the time 
being to Loramie's, and on being defeated for that 
imsition returned to Sidney and engaged in the 
li(]uor business. The following election, he 
again nominated for the Slirievalty and, being 
elected, fulfilled the duties of tlie othce so credit- 
ably to himself and acceptaljly to the people that 
lie was re-elected and is now serving his second 
term. He is a man of tine physique, standing six 
feel tu'O and weighing from two hundred and 
sixty-five to two hundred and seventy pounds. 

The lady to whom our subject was married in 
1S7.T was Anna IMary Meier, a native of this town- 
ship. They have become the parents of ten chil- 
dren, only five of whom are living, namely: .lulius, 
Michael, .loseph, Rosa and Tillie. Tho family are 
inembors of the Holy Angel Catholic Cliurch of 
this city and are prominent and influential in 
social circles. 


WnSEY. MARTIN VITZ, pastor of the fierman 
IL^f' Reformed Church of Xew Bremen, is a fine 
^\ scholar, a man of resolute will and positive 
" opinions, and able and willing to maintain 
them. He is of ple.asing address, possesses excel- 
lent ipialifieations as a man of education and retiiie- 
meut, IS highly respected by all cl.asses in general, 
and is evidently deeph' interested in the noble 
work in which he is engaged. 

Born in Adams County, near Decatur, Ind.. on 
the IStli of August, 18.57, he is the son of Rev. 
Peter Vitz, who was born in the Rhenish Province, 
Prussia, German^', and who left his native country 
for this in the j'ear 1853, when abont twenty-eight 
years of age, after having served two years in the 

Prussian arm}'. After reaching the land ovei- which 
float the .Stars and Stripes, he settled in 'Wisconsin 
and began studying for the ministry, att<'nding 
Heidelberg Seminary at Titlin, Ohio, and gradu- 
ating from the theological department in l^ofJ, 
He subsequently entered upon his ministerial du- 
ties in the German Reformed Church, filled three 
charges ill Indiana, and is now at Delphos, Allen 
County, Ohio, tilling the pulpit of the Zion Re- 
formed Church, He is now in his sixty-eighth year. 
His wife was bom in Berne, Switzerland, and her 
maiden name was Anna M. Jacob. When a young 
lady she came with friends to America, but her 
parents remained in their native countiy. 

The original of this notice, the eldest of nine 
children, six sons and three daughters, first attended 
the common schools at Huntington, Ind.. and later 
the academ}- at that place, where he remained two 
years. After this he taught three terms of school 
when fourteen years of age and in 1874 he went 
to Franklin. Sheboygan County, AVis,, where he 
spent three years in the Mission schools. In the 
fall of 1877, he entered Heidelberg University, at 
Titlin, Ohio, and graduated at that institution in 
1880, receiving the degree of A, B. Returning to 
Wisconsin, he entered the Reformed Theological 
.Seminary at Franklin, remained there one year, 
and in 1881 went to his father to assist him in his 
work. After this he carried on his theological 
studies at A'era Cruz, Ind., and was examined and 
licensed to preach in .lanuary, 1882. On the 8th 
of March of that year he ordained a minister. 
His first charge was at St. Paul, Minn., where he 
continued to fill the jjulpitof Friedius Reformed 
Church for six years. In 1888, he came to Xew 
Bremen and has since filled the pulpit of Zion Re- 
formed Church in a veiy satisfactory manner. 

He selected his companion in life in the person 
of Miss Mary E. Engeler, a native of Indiana, and 
their nuptials were celebrated on the 26th of Feb- 
ruary 1882. Her father, Frederick Engeler, was 
born in Switzerland, came to Ohio when a young 
man, and settled in Indiana. He was a prospector 
for gold in California for some time, but been 
engaged in milling at Vera Cruz, Ind., and is retired. 
He is a very prominent man in his county, has 
been Notary Pulilic, -Justice of the Peace, Trustee. 



etc., aud is highly esteemed by .ill. Mrs. Vitz 
leceivcd hor primary education in tlie common 
scliools, but subsequently attended a Normal and 
then taught several terms, five children have been 
bom to Mv. and Mrs. \'itz: Carl. Frederick, Ilulda. 
Frank and Robert. Jlr. \'it7. is a member of tlie 
Central Synod, serveil as Secn'tary of the Heidel- 
berg Classes and is a member of the Board of Mis- 
sions, Central Synod and Synods of the Northwest. 


|EV. AV. H. .SJNGLKY. 1). I). 
of Lo^an County is belt 

No resident 
known than the 

gentleman whose Jjortrait and biography 
are here presented. His name is a familiar 
one, not only to the citizens of the county-, but 
from East to AVest among the members of the 
Lutheran Chuich. As pastor of the church of that 
denomination in Cellefontaine, he Ims w(m the 
esteem of his parishioners and the general public 
as well, and is known .as one of the most eloquent 
divines and able ministers of the State. 

In Johnstown, Pa., that ill-fated town which was 
swept by the mighty surging and roaring waters, 
taking thousands of people down the dark v.alley 
of death, our subject was born. February 18, 1848. 
His parents were (1. W. and Mnrv A. (Trefts) 
Singley, both of whuni were natives of Pennsyl- 
vania. The Singley family was of the Platistic 
Lutheran stock from Germany. The parents were 
mendiers of the English Lutheran Church at .lohns- 
lown. in wliich the father Deacim. until the 
fall (if 18.))). 

During the above-mentioned year, tlie family rc- 
iniived to .\ppanoose County, Liwa, whither they 
had been preceded a few years liy the grandfather. 
George .Singley. who was a soldier in the AVar of 
1812. and lived to the great age of one hundred 
and ten years. Lacking one month. The father of 
our subject was a machinist in tlie early days, but 
later engaged in farming pursuits. When he set- 
tled in Iowa, the country was comparatively new 
ami ad\aiitaui's few, but lie was di'lcniiined to se- 

cure good educational facilities for his children. 
and did everything in his power to aid them in 
obtaining a good start in life. 

At the time of the removal to Iowa, our subject 
w;is quite young, and until he had reached nine- 
teen sumraere. he labored as a pioneer on tlie wild 
and wide uncultivated prairies of Iowa. Like 
many another liard-working farmer-boy, he spent 
his summer seasons in tilling the soil and during 
the winter studied in the district school. At the 
age of fourteen, he entered a store in CentreviUe. 
Iowa, -nhere he lillod the position of clerk. His 
kind-hearted employer gave him the privilege of 
attending the academy during the forenoons, and 
while there he conceived the idea of thorouirh 
preparation for commercial life. 

When fifteen yeai-s old, our subject entered the 
well-known Br\anl it .Stratton"s Lujiness College 
at Davenport, Iowa, where he was gr.aduated with 
the highest honors in a class of fortv. At that 
lime there were about four hundred pupils in at- 
tendance. After gi-aduating, he began teaching in 
the common schools of his neighborhood and was 
[nofessor of a vvriting-school at night. His first 
school closed the day liefore he seventeen. 
Thus it will be seen that he was laboring niirlit 
and d.ay, but his industry was crowned with a vic- 
tory that is seldom attained. 

While thus engaged. Jlr. Singley made a public 
[M-ofession of religion. His neighbors and friends 
at once urged the ministry upon him. 
This he considered seriously, and finally vielded 
to the call of duty and conviction, gave up busi- 
ness life aud decided to preiiare himself for the 
ministry. The church to which his life to be 
devoted must be chosen. The local churches were 
kind and solicitous. The^' pointed the yountr nian 
to their colleges and seminaries, but the wishes and 
Ifachings of his parents could not be e.asilv thrown 
asiilc. Twelve yeai-s had gone by since this onlv 
Lutheran family in that region had looked upon 
the face of a Lutheran pre.acher. The cliiirch 
known in the neighborhood only to be derided 
and misrepresented. While this conllict w.a.s ir,,inir 
on, with his parents on one side anil his neifflihors 
on the other, strange t.j >a\ . II, ■\ . A. .\I. Taiuu'r. 
llic lii-l Liillicraii iiiini-u-r tlic-\ liud met since 



leaving Pennsylvania, happened along. He very 
adroitly induced tliG young man to visit in Tipton, 
Iowa, during tlie pastoi'ate of Rev. Daniel S. Alt- 
man, by whom lie was confirmed during the visit. 
He had been baptized in infancy in the Lutlierau 
Cliurch at Johnstown. He accompanied these 
gentlemen to the Iowa Synod convened at Lisbon, 
Iowa, in August, 1868. The kindly welcome and 
encouragement of the S^Tiod made a most favora- 
ble impression upon him. He took Rev. Mr. Alt- 
man's advice and entered Wittenberg College, 
Springfield, Ohio, at tlie fall term of 1868. From 
this institution he was graduated in 1873, having 
taken the entire course and also one 3'ear's course 
iu theology, which he pursued at favorable times 
and during vacations. At that time, the theologi- 
cal course only required one year. 

In the spring of 1873, our subject represented 
his literary society in a public debate given in the 
city, the highest honor in the gift of the society. 
During the senior vacation, he supplied the Luth- 
eran pulpit at Darrtown, Ohio, and in the fall en- 
tered the Theological Seminary at Yale University, 
Isew Haven, Conn. In addition thereto, he heard 
Dr. Porter's lectures on mental philosophy-, and 
Sumner on Political Econom\-. After the theologi- 
cal department at Wittenberg was reorganized and 
extended, he returned and finished the course at 
his Alma Mater, at the same time serving as senior 
editor of the Wittenberyer, the college journal. In 
1876, his Alma Mater conferred the degree of A. 
M. upon him. 

The young minister found his first pastorate at 
Osborn, Ohio, where he remained until August. 
187G. He then accepted a call to Bellefontaine, 
where he at once entered vigorously upon his 
duties as pastor of the Lutheran Church. On 
coming here, lie found a small and discouraged 
band, but he knew his duty and the hard labor 
before him; his courage and vigor increased, and 
he had not long to wait until his talent was the 
subject of the daj- and his influence widely fell. 
He soon built up a fine cougregation, which is to- 
da\' one of the strongest in the city. He deter- 
mined 10 have a new church, and in addition to 
increased spiritual and >ociaI iiitiuenco. Ii:i- Lrainnl 
a large and handsome [)roperty. The new edi.ce. 

which was dedicated in 1881, is 96x60 feet in di- 
mensions, with slate roof, tow-er and steeple, 
stained windows and all modern improvements. 
The first pi|)e organ ever brought to this city -n-as ' 
put in the church in 1883. The congregation now 
worships in one of the handsomest auditoriums in 
the State and their large new pipe organ is the 
finest in the place. During his pastorate, the con- 
gregation has never been deficient in benevolent 

In 1883, the Degree of Doctor of Divinity was 
conferred upon our subject by "Western College, 
located at Toledo, Iowa, before whose students 
and faculty he had preached and lectured the year 
before. He delivers his sermons, lectures and ad- 
dresses entirely without manuscript and has more 
calls on miscellaneous occasions than he can fill. 
He has versatilitj- of talent, is always ready and 
pleasing as a public speaker, his splendid elocu- 
tionary and oratorical powers never failing him. He 
is especially successful at church dedications and is 
often invited to officiate in other denominations 
than his own. He is thoroughly progi'essive in 
his ideas of church finance. A zealous advocate 
of temperance reform, he threw himself into a 
vigorous campaign a few j-ears ago, when there 
were seventy-seven saloons in the county, and, in 
company with other citizens, succeeded in wiping 
them all out. His position on this question is not 
that of a fanatic, but of a sound reformer. A 
multiplicity of labors seems to be most congenial 
to him, and he is never tiring of something to do. 

Dr. Singley joined a company of his brethren in 
an effort to establish a Western church paper, and 
on January 5, 1877, the Lutheran Ecangelist. a 
weekly, was started. The eflfort was successful and 
the paper has become wideh' known and popular. 
He was elected Secretary of the company and also 
assistant editor, the paper being published at Belle- 
fontaine. In a little less than three jears. he suc- 
ceeded Dr. .7. H. AV. Stuckenberg as editor, and 
subsequently became sole proprietor of the paper. 
For a number of 3-ears he has shared very largely 
in -the struggles and labors incident to the estab- 
lishment of a church paper. In 1878, he started 
and edited a mon'hly Sunday-school paper called 
The Sunshine ami Skadoic, which still lives. He is 



Director in :i large publisliiiig firm just organized, 
known as the Lutheran World Publishing Com- 
pany, which consists of some of the leading and 
well-known men of the United States, having offi- 
ces located at Baltimore. Cincinnati and Chicago. 
The services of Dr. Singley were sought in this 
concern, both for the busines.-; and literary depart- 

In ISSI), Dr. Singley was called uiion by a prom- 
inent publislier to write an article on tlie Lord's 
Supper, representing the Lutheran denomination. 
To this request he responded with an article, which 
wa? published in book form. For several years.he done some lycoum lecture work, taking from 
ten to fifteen eng.agemeuts per year. He is very 
fond of science, and has one of tiie finest private 
libraries in the State. Outside of church matters. 
he ranks among the foremost and best business 
men of Logan County, and is one of the most 
popular and useful men in the city and county. 
He has filled a number of important positions, and 
is now President of the Board of School Examin- 
ers fiir Logan County, of which he has been a 
memljei- for fourteen yeai-s. He served as 
Clerk of the Board of Education of Bellefontaine. 
of which he has been a memter for nine yeare. As 
]:)irector of Wittenberg College and Seminary of 
Springfield, Ohio, he has rendered eflicient service 
for ten years; also .as Secretary of the Buildina: 
Committee for the erection of the elegant scminarv 
building at Springfield. (Jhio. He ha.s mercantile 
interests in Bellefontaine, and an interest in a nic-e 
farm just outside the city limits. On this place he 
is largely interested in fine stoc-k and some of 
the choicest -bloods" in the State. 

In Logan County the influence of Dr. Singlev 
lias done much in the w.ay of advancing religious. 
.-ocial and business affairs, and there is scarcely a 
mijvement made in these directions in which lie is 
not called u\)t)n to participate. Hi.- family con- 
si.-ts of his estimable and cultured wife and two 
children. Mabel E. and Florence. In the spring of 
l.'^Tl;. the I'.ellefontaine Church invited him U^ su|>- 
ply their pulpit one Sabbath morning. He was an 
entire stranger to the congregation, having- never 
seen one of them previously. L-ite one Saturday 
c'veniim he arrived in tlit- villairc. and the follow- 

ing morning delivered to his congregation an elo- 
ipient sermon which captivated the entire audience, 
and the cause of his residence in Bellefon- 
taine. After the close of this service, the officers 
of the church immediately called a meeting (hav- 
ing sent the young graduate home with one of the 
ladies) and elected him p.astor of the church with- 
out a dissenting voice. In a few d.aj-s, the call was 
accepted and he is still the happy p.astor of a hapiiy 
people. Since the date of his call here, many ef- 
forts have been made to rob the churcii of their 
pastor, who has stood by them much longer than 
any other pastor ever did in their long history as 
an organization. 

In 1S8-1, the Findlay Chinch unanimously elected 
Dr. Singley to their p.astorate; he declined this as 
lie did a call from Pennsylvania. In l.-<87. when 
Wichita, Kan., was in the midst of the greatest 
Iwom ever known in that State, he was elected, at 
a splendid salary, pastor of a churcli there. This 
he declined, at the same time declining another 
call from Findlay, as well as a call from Spring- 
field. Ohio. During the fall and winter of 1890-91, 
he w.^s unanimously elected to the pastorate at 
Indianapolis. Ind.. and Louisville, Ky.. and was 
asked to consider calls to All)any, >'. Y.. and \Voos- 
ter, Ohio. His services have been sought from 
far and uear,biit all in vitations have been rejected 
on account of the devotion stored in his heart for 
the people of Bellefontaine. He was solicited to 
consider a call to the Presidency of churcli col- 
leges, one in Illinois anil anotherin California, but 
these offers he also refused. For some time 
past he has been urged to accept a call to the city 
of Chicago, where he niav vet locate. 

^p^Ol'IRK K- LIDLU.M. Among those to 
whom the tilling of the soil has proved a 
))) remunerative occupation, enabling them 
to spend their declining years in the en- 
joyment of pea<-e and plenty, is Mr. Ludlum. who 
is :it pie-cnl residing on section 1. Franklin Town- 



ship, Shelby County. He owns a tract of land 
one hundred and sixty acres i" x-iit, which is 
adorned witli a cozy and coirfortable dwelling, 
■whore he is enjoying the companionship of his 
wife and the many friends he has made in this 
county. He has proved a valuable addition to 
the citizenship of this part of the county, and 
besides the work he has done in advancing its 
prosperity as one of its most enterprising farmers, 
he has done good service in helping to administer 
public affairs, and for thirty-three years has been 
Justice of the Peace, during which time he has 
married one hundred and ninety-six couples. 

Smith Ludlum, the father of our subject, was a 
native of New Jersey and the son of Ephraim 
Ludlum, a soldier in the War of 1812. The lat- 
ter-named gentleman came with his family to 
this Stale m 1796, at which time he settled in 
Hocking County on a wild farm. Ten years later, 
they removed to Warren County, where the fa- 
ther was accidentally killed by being thrown from 
a horse. His good wife died at the advanced 
age of ninety-three years. 

The maiden name of our subject's mother was 
Marv Reed. She was a native of Carlisle, Pa., and 
the daughter of Nathan and Mary Reed, the former 
of whom was "mine host" of an hotel in that 
jjlace for over forty years; he also served as a 
soldier during the Revolutionary War. The par- 
ents of our subject after their marriage came to 
this State, in 1818, when they located on a small 
farm in Warren County. In 1831, they purchased 
a tract of two hundred acres in the same county, 
where they made their home until their decease, 
the fatlier dying in 1m:''.», and the mother in 1868. 
Of their family of ten children, only four are now 
living. Active in church work, they were for 
many years members of the Methodist Ei)i3Copal 
denomination, in which body the father was a 
Class-leader for m.any years. 

In early life a .hick-nnian Democrat, the elder 
:\lr. Ludlum v(jteil for Uie United States Bank 
Hill. l)Ut later cast in his lot with the Whig party. 
Three of his sons, Nathan, George W. and Jo- 
seph, served as Union soldiers during the late war. 
The latter was taken prisoner and conliiicd in 
Libby and Andersonville for eighteen months, 

during which time he was nearly starved to death, 
and on being liberated, his appetite was so rav- 
enous and his stomach so weak that he died from 
the effects of over-eating. Mr. Ludlum comes' 
from a very patriotic family, for besides those 
already mentioned, he had nineteen cousins wlio 
participated in the Civil War. 

A native of Warren County, this State, our 
subject was born September 20, 1822. He was 
reared on a farm until reaching his eighteenth 
year, when he learned the trade of a carriage- 
maker, and followed that line of business for five 
years. The lady to -whom he w-as married in Feb- 
ruary, 1844, w:is Miss Sarah Ann Persinger, daugh- 
ter of Madison and Elizabeth Persinger. She was 
born April 10, 1827, and immediately after her 
marriage stiirted with her young husband for this 
county, they making a location on what is now 
their present farm, but which then bore little re- 
semblance to it-s now highly-cultivated condition. 
They took up their abode in a small log cabin, 
and Mr. Ludlum set himself industriously to work 
to clear his quarter-section, and, in addition to 
that tract, improved forty acres of llie one hun- 
dred and sixty acres adjoining on the east, and 
fifteen .acres on another farm. He has been a con- 
tinuous resident on his present estate for the past 
forty-eight years and, with one exception, is the 
only old settler who been living here that 
length of time. 

Mr. and Mrs. Ludlum have been the parents of 
twelve children, two of whom are deceased, viz: 
Mary E., the wife of H. M. Lehman, and Anna A. 
Those living are Joseph B., James S., Catherine C. 
(Mrs. James Newmann), Elias L., Martha E. (Mrs. 
Henry Mayor), George W., Rilla R. (Mrs. William 
T. Carey), Madison W., Carrie E., Maggie A. (Mrs. 
William Finkenbine). 

Our subject been instrumental in the organ- 
ization of his school district, and has served as Di- 
rector for nine years. He is also a member of the 
Township Board of Education and been Jus- 
tice of the Peace from 1856 to 1889. He gives 
his political allegiance to the Democratic party, 
casting his first vote for James K. Polk. He has 
been very popular and prominent in local affairs, 
and during the six years in which he was Countv 





Coniinissioner built the InHmaiy and over three 
liuudred miles of free turnpike, and has filled 
many other offices of his township. He has acted 
as Administrator of various estates and lias paid 
over $12,000 in security debts for others. He and 
his wife endured many liardships and privations, 
as did the other pioneei-s when locating in this 
newly-settled region, but tlicv are now passing 
their declining yeare in peace and plenty, free 
from tlie cares that beset their earlier 3'ears. Mr. 
Ludhira li.os now attained his three score years and 
ten, and it is the earnest wish of his many friends 
that he will be spared to them many years. 

>|L ON. WILLIAM W. BE ATT Y is one of 
}f)i) those men, too few in number, who fully 
•Jt^yy recognize the truth so often urged by the 
(^^ sages of the law, that of all men, the read- 
ing and thought of a lawyer should be the most 
extended. Systematic reading gives a more com- 
prehensive grasp to the mind, variety and richness 
to tliought, and a clearer perception of the mo- 
tives of men and the principles of things — indeed, 
of the veiT spirit of laws. This he has found 
most essential in the prosecution of his profes- 
sional practice at Huntsville. where he is a promi- 
nent attorney and also serves as Postmaster. 

Our subject, as well as his father, John H., and 
his grandfather, David Beatty, were natives of the 
Old Dominion. The great-grandfather of our 
subject was a native-born .Scotchman and came to 
America during Colonial days, settling in Virginia, 
where his death occurred. Tlie grandfather fol- 
lowed the occupation of a miller in his native 
State and passed his entire life there, dying when 
sixty-three years of age. He was a Democrat in 

The father of our subject reared in Virginia, 
and followed the occupation of a carpenter, joiner 
and cabinet-maker. He came with his family to 
Ohio in 1833. the journey being made over tlie 

mountains in a two-horse wagon. He settled in 
Belmont County, Ohio, in the woods, and there 
followed his trade. About 183.5, he moved fioin 
there to Moorefield, Harrison County, Ohio, and 
pursued his trade there until 1844, when he came 
to Bellefontaine, following his trade in this city 
until advanced in years, when he removed to 
Huntsville, where he served as Constable for a 
number of jears, and there he died when over 
eighty-six years of .age. From \\\s, youth he was 
identified with the Methodist Church, of which he 
remained a worthy member until his death. In 
politics, he was an active Democrat until 1840. 
but afterward was a Whig until the organization 
of the Republican party, when he became a firm 
adherent of its principles. He married Miss Elea- 
nor Southerland, a native of Rockingham County, 
Va., of Dutch-Irish descent, and nine children were 
born to them, six of whom lived to mature years. 
They were named in the order of their births as 
follows: William W., Elizabeth, Francis A., John J., 
Cornelius B. and Ellen. The mother died when 
sixty-fiveyearsof age, in full communion with the 
Methodist Church. 

Born in Loudoun County, Va., September 12 
1820, William W. Beatty attended the district 
school in his native county until thirteen years 
old, and supplemented this by a course in an 
academy at L'pperville. He remembers very dis- 
tinctly the journey from Virginia to Ohio, then 
considered a very great undertaking. His ambi- 
tious and enterprising disposition was displ.aj-ed 
in childhood, when he traded his school books to 
another boy for a dog and then tr.aded the dog for 
a small flint-lock pistol. While on the wav from 
Mrginia to Ohio, he boughtsome ammunition and 
thought he would practice shooting at a mark. 
Xot knowing how his parents would like this, he 
slipped out of the Ijack part of the wagon and 
became so interested in firing at different objects, 
that he forgot all about the wagon and enjoved 
himself most thoroughly. However, his happiness 
was brought to a termination by his father return- 
ing for him with a Ih'ccIi gad, wliich plaved an 
important part in his hurry to overtake the wa<'on. 
His beloved pistol taken from him and he 
in disgrace for some time. llnwevcr. hi.- active 



brain went to work to conjure up some scheme to 
get the pistol back into liis possession, and he told 
liis father that if be would give it to him lie wovild 
sleep ill the wagon and watch the goods, for he 
thought the communit}- a very '•tough" one. 
This scheme proved successful ami once more he 
grasped the handle of that murderous weapon. 

After reaching Ohio, oursuljject attended school 
for a short time in a log cabin, witli a large lire- 
place, mud and stick cliimney, and slab seats. He 
subsequently served an apprenticeship of five years 
at the carpenter's trade, wliich he followed both in 
Relmont .and Harrison Counties. After settling 
at iMoorefield, Harrison County, he met an old 
.lustice of the Pe.ace. by the name of Samuel Skin- 
ner, wild took a fancy to liim, and induced him to 
read law under Turner .^i- Cowan, of Cadiz, Harri- 
son County, for eighteen montlis. After tliis, he 
came to Logan County, where he and his family 
were taken with ague, and it was two years before 
he was able to earn his livelihood. He had no 
means to continue his law studies and fell back on 
his trade of a carpenter, which he carried on for 
two vears. In this manner, he began to retrieve 
his fallen fortunes, and, as soon as able, began 
reading law under .Judge Lawrence, now of Belle- 
fontaine. This he continued for two years and 
was admitted to tlie Bar in 1850. He then began 
practicing in Belle Centre, Logan County, and in 
connection carried on a store, but in this he was 
not very successful. After residing in Belle Cen- 
tre until 18.3.5, lie sold out and removed to Hunts- 
ville. wliere lie has pr.acticed ever since. He is 
one of the most talented attorneys of Logan 
County, lending strength to her Bar, tone to her 
finances and gr.ace to her society, and since his 
residence here has been honorably and usefully 
identified with the interests of the county and 
with its advancement in every worthy particular. 
November 9, 185.5, JNIr. Beatty married Miss 
Mary Wilkins. a native of Harrison County, Ohio, 
and the fruit of this union has lieen live children, 
one daughter and four sons: Catherine, now Mrs. 
Ragan, who resides at Kenton. Ohio; Henry, who 
died from the effects of hard service during the 
war: David W.. who was killed at Missionary 
Ridse; John 11., who resides in Kansas; and Al- 

bert, whowas train dispatcher at Cleveland, and 
was killed by the cars. All the sons were. in the 
late war. 

Ill 1875, Mr. Beatty elected Representative, 
and two years later was chosen State .Senator. 
During his first session, he introduced a number of 
bills and succeeded in having many of them p.assed. 
One of the most important was the County Officer 
Fee Bill, the importance of whicli was to repeal 
the salary bill and make it a free bill. While in 
the Senate, the same bill passed which our 
subject introduced in the House. He introduced 
m.any bills in the Senate, and was recognized as 
one of the best workei-s the county had ever had, 
either in the House or Senate. He was again 
elected to the Legislature in the fall of 1885, and 
re-elected in 1887. The most important bill he 
introduced during that time was the Township 
]>ocal Option Bill, which passed. Just after intro- 
ducing this bill, Mr. Beatty was stricken with par- 
alysis and for a month was verv ill, but by stren- 
uous efforts he succeeded in getting back in time 
to vote for his bill. He also introduced a bill to 
compel railroad companies to provide an auto- 
matic car coupler, so that the brakemen would not 
have to pass between the cars. Owing to deceit- 
ful manipulations and promises of railroad men. 
this bill failed to pass. Usually, however, ilr. 
Beatty was very successful in getting bills passed 
and was one of the hardest workers in the House. 
Among the committees on which he served were 
the Committees on Rules, Judiciary, Fees and Sal- 
aries, Revision of Laws and Corjioratioiis otlier 
than municipal. 

For forty-two years. Mr. Beatty ha< followed 
his profession at Huntsville and has the second 
largest practice in Logan County, where he has 
many warm friends among both Democrats and 
Republicans. He is strong in his adherence to the 
last-n.amed party, and cast his first Presidential 
ballot for William H. Harrison. In addition to 
liis service in the House and Senate, he has 
been elected by his party to various positions of 
trust and honor, and is at present remiering effi- 
cient service as Postmaster at Huntsville. A warm 
friend of the temperance cause, and an imwaver- 
ing foe to the liquor traffic, his intluence may be 




relied upon for the advancement of the former 
and the suppression of the latter. In religion, he 

is a believer in the doctrines of the Methodist 
Church, with which his wife is also identified. 

A lithograpliic portrait of Mr. Beatty accom- 
panies this slcetch. 

\^ G. WISENER, one of the leading merch- 
ants of Wapakoneta, is a man of talent, 
—J i '^^ wide experience, and st.ands high in tlie 
^^l' financial circles of the county. He is a na- 
tive of Pennsylvania, born in Butler county, Jan- 
uary 25. 18-11. His parents, Jolin G. '\Visener,.Sr.. 
and Margareta (Xicklas) AVisener, were natives of 
<Terraany. having come to America in an early 
day, and were married in the Ke3-stone State, 
where they made tlieir home until tlieir decease. 
The father was a leading merchant in Butler, wliere 
he was considered one of the substantial and en- 
terprising citizens. 

Mr. 'Wiscner, of this sketch, had three brothers 
and three sisters, of whom he was the fourth in 
order of birth. He educated in the public 
schools and academy of his native pl.ace, and later 
took a commercial course in the college at Pitts- 
burgh. After completing his studies lie clerked 
for a short time in the above city, and wlien but 
seventeen years of age came to this city and for 
five years acted .as a clerk for the well-known 
merchant. Otto Dicker. He was then taken into 
the firm, the partner^liip lasting for a twelve- 

Since 1 8G."). oiu- subject has been engaged in busi- 
ness in the city for himself, and is therefore one of 
its oldest resident merchant:;. He carries a complete 
stock of dry goods and carpets, .and that prosperity 
has smiled upon his efforts is indicated from the fact 
that he carries on the largest trade in the city. In 
addition to liis extensive interests, Mr. Wisener is 
a stockholder in the Natural Gas Company, and a 
Director in the Wapakoueva Building and Loan 
-Association. He is a fine type of our ;elf-raade 

men, as from poverty he has risen to a position of 
wealth and importance in the communit}-. When 
he arrived here in the flush and vigor of early 
manhood, his moneyed capital was very small, but 
his health, strength and brain were good substi- 
tutes, and by their aid he has .acquired riches. His 
financial abilitj' is of a high order, and in all his 
transactions he has alwajs acted with strict regard 
to veracity and honor. 

In 18G5, Mr. Wisener aud iliss Georgiana W. 
Boshe were united in marriage, and of their union 
were born nine children, namely: John L.. Laura 
D., Margareta F., George F. (deceased), Lewis A., 
Winfield B., George B., Georgiana D., and Wilhel- 
mena A. Lewis A. is employed in the Govern- 
ment Printing Office at Washington. D. C. Our 
subject, socially, is a member of the Knights of 
Pythias, and with his wife is a devoted member of 
the Lutheran Church. He has extensive farming 
interests in this section, and has many sincere 
friends throughout the community. The father 
of our subject died in 1840. and the mother 
p.assed away in 1880. 


. ILBUR A. GIXX. There is in the business 
world only one kind of man who can suc- 
cessfully combat the many disadvantages 
and trials that come boldly to the front, and that 
is the man of superior intelligence and force of 
char.acter. To this class belongs Mr. Ginn. the 
popular young civil engineer of Bellefontaine. A 
native of Shelby Count}-, this State, our subject 
was born December 9, 1862. and is the son of 
George and Frances E. (Wells) Ginn. the father a 
native of County Donegal. Ireland, and the mother 
born in Shelby County, this .state, wliere her family 
were among the early pioneers. 

The father of our subject, win,. i> a fanner bv 
occupation, is residing at the pre~cnt time in the 
above-named county, where lie is recoirnized as 
one of the most able and v.Thied citizens. Our 
subject, the eldest child in a family .if f.uir sims 



and two daughters, received Ids early education in 
tlie public schools, and completed his studies at 
the jSTational Normal University at Lebanon, from 
which institution he was graduated in the engi- 
neering department in 1882. 

When leaving school, ]\Ir. (Jmn located in 
Sidney, where for four years he City Engineer. 
In 1800, he came to Piellefontaine, and that same 
\'ear was emi)loyed l)v the Ohio State Canal Com- 
missioner to make surveys of the reservoirs 
of the western division of the Public Works of 
Ohio, and this has occupied his time since locating 
liere. December 29, 188(5, he w.os married to ISIiss 
Maggie J., the only child of Dr. David Watson. 
To tliem has been born one son. Wells W. 

In social matters, our subject is a member of the 
ludependent Order of Odd Fellows, and in religi- 
gious affairs, is a member of the Methodist Epis- 
<'0pal Church. He is a man possessing shrewd 
judgment and strict integrity, and, it is predicted 
by his friends, will soon reach tlie top round of the 
ladder of fortune. 

I J); ness and hones 
f^J^ Shawver's aclic 

II^.ANTEL SHAWVER. Industry, upright- 
ness and honesty have characterized Mr. 
ions in life, and he is one 
of the mott substantial and worthy citi- 
zens of Lake Township, Logan County. He was 
born in Harrison County, Ohio, on the 30th of 
April, 1827, and is the son of Daniel, Sr., and Eliz.a- 
betli (Shultz) Shaivver, natives respectively of 
Pennsylvania and JIaryland, the latter born on the 
15th of November, 178.5. The father grew to 
manhood in the Keystone State, and about 1804 
came to Ohio, where he met and married Jliss 
Sliultz, who had come to the Buckeye State witli 
lier parents when a young lady. Their nuptials 
were celebrated in .Jefferson County, and they first 
located on a farm in that county, in a little log 
cabin that the husband built in the woods, and here 
began tilling land purchased from the Government. 
On this place Mr. and ]\Irs. Shawver remained 

until 18.36, when they removed to Harrison Town- 
ship, Logan County, and settled in another log 
liouse. The}" worked industriously and soon had the 
farm in a good state of cultivation. Both lived 
to a good old age, the father dying in 1865, when 
about eighty-four years of age, and the mother 
dying at the age of eighty-three. Mr. Shawver 
built the mill known as the John F. Kayler Mill, 
on Blue Jacket, in this county. He and his wife 
were members of tlie Lutheran and Presbyterian 
Churches respectively, were active workers in re- 
ligious causes, and he was one of the leaders in his 
church. Of the large family of children born to 
them, fourteen in number, all grew to mature years, 
married and had families. There were nine sons 
and five daughters, as follows: Elizabeth and 
Marg.aret (twins), Catherine, George, Jacob, John, 
Solomon, Elias, Joshua. Jonathan, Susannah, 
Sophia, Daniel (our subject) and Michael. Those 
living are Solomon, of Cla^- County, 111.; Jona- 
than, of Champaign County, Ohio; Susannah, wife 
of William Moon, of Jefferson Township, this 
county; Daniel, our subject, and Jlichael, of Clarke 
County, Ohio. 

Our subject is the thirteenth child and eighth 
i son. He was educated in the district scliools of his 
native place, and supplemented this by attending 
school about two years in Harrison Township, Lo- 
gan Count}-. He remained with bis parents until 
twenty-five yeare of age, and meanwhile worked 
bj' the day at various times after he was of age. 
On the 27th of January, 1853, he was married in 
Monroe Township, Logan County, to Miss Hannah 
Foust, who was born June 7, 1832, in Port.age 
County, Ohio, and came to Logan County- when 
but a child. Her father, Henry Foust, was origin- 
ally from the Keystone State, but at a very late 
date made a settlement in Ohio. In 1838, he re- 
moved to Logan County, where his death occurred 
in 1881. The mother is still living. They were 
the parents of thirteen children, all of whom 
re.ached mature years, as follows: John Y., Solo- 
mon P., Benjamin, Hannah, JIary .\nn, Sarah, Sam- 
uel, George, Ileniy, jNIeliuda and Lucinda (twins), 
Wilson S. and James R., all now living but Benja- 
min, who died in 1882, and John Y., whose death 
occurred Mav 22, 1892. 




Directlj' aftei- his nian'iage, our subject located 
where he now lives, in a small log bouse, whoie he 
and his bride began in a very frugal and primitive 
manner to lay the foundation for their subsequent 
prosperous career. A small log barn was on this 
place and there were about forty acres cleared. 
As the years passed bj', children gathered in tlie 
lionie and biouglit sunshine and J03' to the parents. 
Nine children were given them, as follows: Mary 
Anna, wife of Samuel McNett, of Delaware County, 
Ind., is the mother of three sons and three daugh- 
ters; ^lalinda C, wife of John Hemphill, of Logan 
Count}', is the mother of one child; George F., of 
West JIansfield, Ohio, married Miss Susan Vaness, 
who died, leaving ason and a daughter and he after- 
ward married Jliss Ida Hickman; John W. died 
Novembers, 1862, at the age of four years, one 
month and ten days; Lucinda M., widow of Syl- 
vester Morris, has three sons and one daughter; 
Rebecca E., David K., Dora Bell and Maltie E. are 
at home with their parents. 

The tine farm belonging to Mr. Shawver is pleas- 
antly located in Lake Township and is under a 
good state of cultivation. Numerous substantial 
buildings embellish the place, conspicuous among 
which is the commodious brick residence, erected 
in 1861 at a cost of ^2,400. A view of this ple:is- 
ant home is shown on another page. In 18G8, Mr. 
.Shawver built what was then, and is still, the larg- 
est barn in the county, being 101x40 feet in di- 
mensions, and sixteen feet high, with an eight-foot 
b.asement. In 1891, an addition was built, 101x32 
feet, with twenty-three-foot posts, and a steel 
roof. This is intended for a straw shed and cov- 
ered barnyard, where the stock can remain pro- 
tected from the storm. The entire building con- 
tains forty-six windows. In 1891, Mr. Shawver 
placed a steel roof on his house, and has added 
other improvements .as needed. The barn and 
other outbuildings were erected by himself and 
represent liis unaided exertions. He purch.ased one 
hundred acres of the farm in 1849, twenty-two 
acres in 1872, and still further added to it in 1S81. 
when he purchased sixt3--three acres. Stock-raising 
engages his attention to a considerable extent and 
he makes a specialty of Short-horn cattle, while he 
also engages with success in raising wlieat. corn 

and clorer. His agricultural labors so closely en- 
gage his time and thought that he has little leisure 
for public affairs; however, he takes an intelligent 
interest in matters of local importance, and politi- 
calh", is a Democrat of no uncertain tone. The 
Lutheran Church counts him as one of its faithful 
members, and he contributes liberally to religious 


<T^. LI.'^HA N. BREWER, who is the son of the 
Itr venerable ex-County Commissioner. Nich- 
/ i — i/ ol.os Brewer, done his share in reclaim- 
ing Auglaize County from its original wildness, 
and is cl.assed among the piosperous farmers who 
have been instrumental in the upbuilding of Noble 
Township, where his well-improved farm is situ- 
ated on section 12. 

Our subject born in Clinton Countv. this 
State, January 19, 1S32, and was live years old 
when his parents took up their residence in Au- 
glaize Count)-, which has now been his home for 
fifty-five years, and in his boyliood he was per- 
fectly familiar with the various phases of pioneer 
life, under whose influences he grew to a sturdv, 
self-helpful manhood, with good mental .and phy- 
sical endowments. In those earlv yeai-s, when he 
should have been going to school, there were but 
few scliools in this part of the State, and he was 
scarcely able to go at all until he was fifteen 
yeare of age. However, he made the best of his 
opportunities to obt.ain an education in the three 
seasons of three months each that he had a chance 
to attend a school taught in a primitive log school- 
house, rudely furnished with slab seats, and lighted 
by greased paper windows. The schoolbouse was 
two miles from his home, the way to it lying through 
the woods. Wild game plentiful, and he has 
killed many a deer and wild turkey. He activelv 
assisted his father in clearing and improving his 
land a-- soon as he was large enough to handle 
an axe, and he c<)ntinue<i an inmate of the par- 
ental family luitil he was twenty-two years old. 
when he left to learn llir trade of a carpenter. 



llo hnii ijiiite a ta.-^le for meclKinics. and over 
siiu'e he h;id been old enough up to that time, he 
had attended a good many house and barn rais- 
ings to lend a helping hand. When he had mas- 
tered his trade, he was engaged in it all over this 
section of the country. 

For many years, our subjeot devoted him- 
self to farming, and has a farm of one hundred 
and tneuty-seven .acres on sections 11 and 12. 
Noble Township, that is in an excellent condition, 
the land, which is fertile and very productive, 
lieing under the best of tillage, and a well-built 
and conveniently-arranged set of buildings adds to 
the value of the place. The farm is well stocked, a 
tine herd of .Jersey cows, to the breeding of which 
he has paid much attention for the past few years, 
making a good showing. In the early years, this 
country was known as '-The Black Swamp." and 
the only way to get tlirough the woods to 
walk on logs. Our subject has lived to see this 
swamp and wilderness cleared up and drained, 
until the broad acres and fine farms respond to 
the touch of the husbandman, the swamps are no 
more, yellow fields of grain wave in the breeze, 
and the green cornfields add to the beauty of the 

Mr. Brewer has been married twice; the first 
time, in 18.i7, to Miss Ellen Richardson, a native 
of Indiana, and a daughter of Archibald and 
Elizabeth Richardson, who were natives respec- 
tively of Xew .Jersey and Pennsylvania. Mr. 
Richardson a weaver by trade, but he worked 
at various occupations. Mrs. Brewer was a most 
estimable woman, a loving wife and tender mo- 
ther, and her death, Angust 25, 1872, w-as a sad 
loss to her household. .'^Iie was the mother of 
three children, of whom the following is the rec- 
ord: Lena, who died at the .age of two and one-half 
years; P>edus. who was born October 22. 1860, is 
married and settled in life .as a carpenter .and builder 
in Moulton Township;, born November 
1 1. ISGtJ, is a carpenter and resides with his father. 

Mr. Brewer married a second time. May 8, 
1873. this union being with Mrs. flattie (Hudson) 
Smith, widow of .lobn Smith. She is a native of 
'\Vasliingt<jn Township, and a daughter of .lesso and 
Marv Hudson, who were natives of Franklin County 

and early settlers of this county. Mrs. Brewer's first 
husband died in October, 1867, leaving her with one 
cliild, Ettie F. She is a most excellent woman, and 
the Methodist Episcopal Church finds in her one of 
its worthiest members. She has property in her 
own right, including a good farm of fifty-five 
.acres, well improved, joining her husband's farm 
in Noble Township. 

The people of his community who have known 
our subject during the many jears he has been a 
resident of Auglaize County can testify one and 
all that he is a man of true merit, who has ever 
led a conscientious, upright life, dealing fairly 
and honestly by all, and always a kind and oblig- 
ing neighbor to those who live in his vicinity. 
He has made a good public officer whenever he 
has held office, alw.a^-s using his indueuce to for- 
ward the best interests of his township. He has 
been an incumbent of various civic positions, and 
for twelve successive years Trustee of Noble 
Township. Politicall}', he is a Democrat, tried 
and true. 

I^AVID BAKER. In presenting a sketch of 
)j this gentleman to our readers, we record the 
life work of one of the most enterprising 
and successful farmers of .Shelby County. He is at 
present residing on section 18, Franklin Township, 
where he owns a quarter-section of valuable laud 
on which he lives, and a fifty -acre farm joining on 
the south, under a high state of cultivation. Its im- 
provements, which are many, are most useful and 
ornamental and the dwelling, which is a conven- 
iently arranged frame structure, is pleasantly situ- 
ated .and is replete with comfort. 

.John C. Baker, .Jr., the father of our subject, 
was born in Germany in 178-1, where also his father 
who likewise bore the name of John C., was born 
and engaged in the European wars. The family 
of the latter emigrated to America in 17'J7. and 
when landing on the shores of the New Woild.tlie 
children were sold to the highest bidder in (jrder 



to pay for their passage across the oceau. The father 
of our subject served for five 3-ears, and after ob- 
taining his freedom helped to ransom his sister. 
The parents located in Virginia, where tliey re- 
mained until 1814uind then coming to Ohio, located 
in Greene Count}', whicli was their home for many 
years, and in 18.30 came to this county, taking up 
their abode witli the father of our subject. 

The lady to whom .Tolin C. Baker, .Ir., mar- 
ried bore the maiden name of Jlargaret Bush, and 
was born in Kentucky in 1787. They were mar- 
ried in \'irginia. and coming to Ohio in 1815, set- 
tled in ( ueene County, walking tlie entire distance. 
As they were very poor, tliey located on a le.ased 
wild farm, which was their home until 1830, the 
date of their coming to this county. The\' remained 
for two years on a rented farm in Orange Tow-n- 
ship, when Mr. Baker purch.ased eighty acres of 
wild land on section 4. Salem Township. Tliere 
he erected a log shanty without a floor, in which 
the family moved and made their home until he 
could erect a more comfortable abiding-place. The 
father was a hard-working man. and in addition 
to improving his own i)r()perty, cleared land for 
other parties, amoimting to alwut three hundred 
acres of solid woods, and was alw.ays closely con- 
nected with the upbuilding of his community. lie 
died August 26, 1855, being followed to tlie better 
land by his wife, who departed this life March 
I'J, 18G'.), aged eight\- years eight months and 
twenty-nine days. He was a patriot in the AVar 
of 1812, and of a family of thirteen children, reared 
eleven to mature years. Six of his sons are still 
living namely: George C, .Jacob, John, Jr., Isaac, 
our subject, and Squire, their avei-age ages being 
seventj'-two yeare. 

The original of this sketch was born January 21. 
1827, in Greene County, this State and as his par- 
ents were too poor to send him to the subscription 
schools, his opportunities for gaining .an education 
were very limited. The temple of learning in that 
early day \va~ built of logs, had greased paper 
U)r windows.and the seats were made of split logs. 
He was very useful in aiding his father to operate 
the farm and remained at home until reaching his 
majority, when he was married. March 15, 184D, to 
Jeminiah Ann. daughter of George and Ilann.ah 

(Carter) Mieh.ael. Her parents removed from 
Montgomery to this county in an early dav, her 
birth occurring in the former place April 26, 1826. 

After his marriage Jlr. Baker lived on rented 
property- for two j-ears and then moving to Port 
Jefferson, worked at the carpenter's trade for nine 
yeai-s. At the expiration of that time, he became 
tlie owiier of eighty acres on section 17. Salem 
Township, where the wife died July 5, 1860, hav- 
ing become the mother of four children, of whom 
the tliree living are: Harvey W., who married 
.Sarah H. Falder: (Jeorge M.. who married Ella Grif- 
fiths, and Jacob II.. the husband of Belle Ward. 
The deceased child. Lewis M.. died when seven 
months old, in July, 1S52. 

The lady whom our subject chose as his second 
wife September 13, 1856, was Miss .Sarah, daushter 
of David and Lydia (Ketchner) Swanders, natives 
respectively of Fairfield County, this State, and 
Pennsylvania. The father came here in 1833 and 
made settlement at what is now .Swanders' Corners. 
Fi'anklin Town.ship, this county, where he re- 
siding at the time of his death in 1853. His yood 
wife, who reared a family of eleven children, is still 
living at the advanced age of eight^'-five years. 
>Irs. Baker, who is the eldest of the family now liv- 
ing, was born October 3(.t. 1832. in Fairfield County, 
and after her marriage located with our subject up- 
on their present farm. 

The two hundred and ten acres which are included 
in the estate of Mr. B.iker are almost all under the 
best methods of improvement. He erected on his 
place a eomfort.ible residence in 1875, two vears 
previous to which time, however, he had built a 
large barn. His pl.ace is thoroughly tiled and his 
fields well tilled. The two children of which he 
is the father are David M.. who wiis born December 
4. !8ti.s. married Eugenia Fiuk and resides in Xe- 
br.aska. while James M.. who was born Julv 24. 
1870, married Alice T.ayloi' ami makes his home in 
this township. 

Our subject and his estimable wife are Christian 
people, he having been a member of the Methodist 
E|)iscopal Church for well nigh a half-century. and 
his wife has been connected with the (ierman Re- 
formed Church f(u- over forty years. Mr. Baker 
is one of the famous ■•Sciuirrel Hunters" and holds 



an honorable discharge from the same. I)ui-ing 
the h»te war, he captured one of the lebeU and. tak- 
ing him to Cincinnati, exchanged hira for a I'niou 
soldier. He had a brother who served for a 
period of four in the Civil AVar. in wliich 
conflict Mrs. Baker two brothers. 

After his marriage Jlr. Baker was in very lim- 
ited circumstances .and after carrying on the home 
f:irm for two yeare, .as Ivfore stated, went to Port 
.Teffei-son and worked for sixty cents a day at tlie 
carpenter's trade. He went in debt $1,250 for 
his firet purchase of land, which property he im- 
proved and later sold for |i3.250, and on the out- 
break of the Civil AVar loaned that amount to the 
Government: when he purch.ased his pi'esent farm 
it was paid b.ack to him with good interest. 
He is a Republican in politics and is greatly 
esteemed in his comnuuiity for his pei-sonal wurth. 

"I^ OBERT HASTINGS, a prominent merchant 
IW^ of Botkins, Shelby County, is one of tlie 
iL V well-known business men of that thriving 
\^^ city, and in addition to conducting his in- 
terests, tliere has done much to promote the agri 
cultural development of Diusmore Township, being 
the proprietor of eight hundred acres of arable 
land, which forms one of the mo,t valuable pieces 
of i)roperty in this locality'. 

The subject of this sketch was bora in Brooklyn, 
N. y.. .Tuly 1, 1846, and is a son of Robert Hast- 
ings. Sr.. wlio is a native of Engl.and. The latter 
since emigrating to America, in or about 18.30. has 
been engaged in the manufacture of lubricating 
oils in >'ew York City. Ilis wife, who bore tlie 
maiden name of Nancy Black, was a native of New 
Vurk. and departed this life when our suliject was 
(|uite small. 

The original of. this sketch is the elder nf two 
children in the family and obtained his 
education mostly in his native city. Wlieii four- 
teen vears of ase, he came to this .^tate and visite<l 

an uncle, who at that time living in Cincin- 
nati. While there, the latter enlisted in the Civil 
War, and our suliject, although 3'oung, in Junei 
1862, Itecame a member of Company E, Second 
United States Artillery. The first engagement in 
which he participated was the siege of Yorktown, 
which lasted from April 19 to IMay 4, 1862. The 
succeeding battles were Golding's Farm, June 27; 
Turkey Bend, .Tune 27; IMalvern Hillj.luly 1; Bull 
Run, September 1; Chan tilly, September 1; South 
Mountain, September 14; Antietam, September 16 
and 17; Fredericksburg, from December 11 to 14; 
siege of Vicksburgh, from June 20 till Jul}- 4; 
Jackson, July 4 to 20; Campbell Station, Novem- 
ber 16; Ft. .'zanders, November 29; tlie Wilderness, 
Cold Harbor, and numerous minor engagements. 
Young Hastings received his honorable discharge 
at W.ashington, having served his country faitli- 
fully and well for a period of three j'ears. For 
valiant service rendered, he was promoted to be 
Corporal and afterward made Sergeant. 

At the close of the war, our subject returned to 
Shelby County and located near Port Jefferson, 
having in the meantime purchased an outfit and 
prepared to cultivate the soil. Abouta year there- 
after, he became the proprietor of one hundred and 
sixty .acres of timber land on section ll,Dinsmore 
Township, for which he paid §10 per acre. He 
immediately set to work to clear his land, and 
in a short time readily sold it for §4,000. ^Ir. 
Hastings then removed to Botkins and engaged in 
leaning money, dealing in notes, mortgages, etc. 
He also handled real estate, shipped stock to the 
city markets and superintended the operations of 
the farms which he owned. He later added to his 
extended business that of shipping grain, in which 
br.anch he still continues. He also owned and op- 
erated a spoke factory, and in various other w.a^-s been closely identified with the business inter- 
ests of this section for many years. He is a man of 
steady habits, of high principles, doing as he would 
be done by in the various relations that he sustains 
toward others, and his life record in all things is 
unblemished and worthy of emulation. 

Tlie lady who became the wife of OLir subject in 
1872 was JlibS Florence, daughter of Isaac H. and 
Nancv Gallimore, natives of this State, and Mrs. 



Hastings was born in this county. Her father was 
one of nine children bom to .'^ainueland Elizabeth 
(Broegg) Gallimore, the former of whom was born 
November 12, 1794, in Virginia, lieing descended 
from an old Virginia family-, and emigrated to Ohio 
when a bo}'. His wife was bora in E.ast Tennessee, 
August 19, 1803. The gi'andparents of Mrs. Hast- 
ings were pioneers of this township, and it 
here that her father grew to manhood and was 
married. He was one of the first to enlist in this 
section on the outbreak of the Civil 'War, joining 
a company in the Twentieth Ohio Infantry, and 
being Color-bcarer. He was killed in one of 
the first battles fought, dying at his post of 
duly with the flag of his country in liis hands. 
His wife, who had preceded him to the bettei land, 
died in 1860. 

To our subject and his estimable wife have been 
hern seven sons, namely: Oscar, Albert, AValter, 
Orvil, Arthur, Chest^rand Charles. A Republican 
in politics, Jlr. H.astings is always in favor of every 
movement which will in .any w.ay benefit the town- 
ship or county, but finds that he lias no time to 
hold office, preferring to devote his attention to 
private affairs. As before stated, he owns eight 
hundred acres of Land, half of which is in the 
neighborhood of P>otkins. He h:is carried on his 
numerous interests with untiring industry, which 
has been seconded by sound judgment in regard to 
business matters, and he has therefore lieen much 
profited. A pirt of liis success he justly attributes 
to his devoted wife, who has co-operated with him 
in every possible way. and ha? been to him a 
wise counselor. 

B^^m^-^^mm^ - 

lli ACOB PAUL, the eflicient Commissioner of 
Shelby County, Ohio, has occupied various 
positions of trust in the county and is every- 
^^ where respected for his sterling worth. A,- 
he is a native of this county, born on the 14th of 
November, 1841, he is well acquainted, and the 
people liave every nppurl unity to judge of his 


character and qualifications. His father. Adam 
Paul, was born in Bavaria, Germany, on the 14th 
of February. 1809, and secured a good practical 
education in his native country'. In 1833, he 
braved Neptune's tender mercies and came to the 
United .states, buying land from the Government, 
which he cleared up himself. To him belongs the 
honor of being the fii-st settler in Van Buren 
Township, this county. On this farm this wurlhy 
pioneer delved and worked until his death, in 18,sl'. 
He married Jliss Elizabeth M. Boesel, a sister of 
Senator Boesel. and the}- became the parents of 
eight children, four sons and four daughters, four 
now living, viz: Christian, who resides in Auulaize 
County; our subject; Charlotta, wife of Henry 
Metz. of Kansas; and Philip P., of Dayton, Ohio. 
The four deceased were Adam. Elizabetli, Carolina, 
and AVilhelmina. 

Our subject passed the early days of his life in 
assisting on the farm, and later embarked in f:irm- 
ing and buying and sliipping st<x-k. He continued 
to make his home in Van Buren Township luitil 
the time of his election, and became the owner of 
a most desirable farm of one hundred and eighty- 
six acres, all the fruits of his own exertions. On 
the 26th of April, 1861. he led to the .altar Miss 
Catherine Purpus, a native of Bavaria, Germany, 
but who came to the United States in 1860. Six 
children have blessed this union and are as fol- 
lows: Mina, wife of Charles Fritz, of Van Bu- 
ren Township; Louis, on the farm; Rosa, wife of 
Martin Knost. of New Bremen, Auglaize County; 
.lacob C.. on the farm; Edward, with his parents; 
and -Vinanda. also at home. 

Mr. and Mrs. Paul are worthy and exemplary 
members of the Reformed Church, and Mr. Paul's 
father was one of the organizei-s of this church at 
New Bremen. Our subject and wife are deeply 
interested in religiousand educational matters, and 
are .active in all other good work. In his career 
as a public official, Mr. Paul's record ever been 
one of the best, and he has discharged the duties 
of every position with much credit to himself and 
his constituents. He served for three \-ears as 
Trustee of the township, seven years as Town- 
ship Assessor, and then, in 1886. elected to the 
position of County Commissioner, ami re-elected 



in 1SS9, taking the otlice the Janiuiry folloniiiir 
his election. He moved to Sidney .ifur lioiiii: 
elected the second time. :uid li;u< fiiico L'iveii his 
whole attention to the il\itics of hi,- oltiio, leaving 
his two sous to carry on the farm. He i.- one of 
the county's liest citizen.*, and is thorouLrhly es- 
teemed in the commimitv. 

=«^ r* 

&()N. ROBERT B. (iORDON is a man wliose 
spirit of enterprise, progressive hiisiness 
methods and native ability early brought 
him to the front in tiie financial circles of 
Auglaize County, and have kept him there, besides 
giving him prominence as an otlice-holder occupy- 
ing some of the highest positions within the gift of 
his fellow-citizens. For more than fifty years, he 
has been a resident of iSt. Mary's, has been one 
of its foremost business men, and his name is insep- 
arably connected with its rise and growth, and he is 
still one of its most energetic, busy and useful 
citizens, although he long .ago passed the age when 
most men retire from active life. He is engaged 
in the manufacture of flour, having a large mill at 
this point, deals extensively in grain and superin- 
tends his valuable farming and oil interests him- 

Our subject was born near Wincliester, Va.. No- 
vember I'o. 1815. lie is a son of John Gordon, 
who al;o born in the Old Dominion, and was 
of .Scotch descent. He had a large plantation in 
his .State, kept a great iiuml)er of slaves and was 
wealthy. At an advanced age, after his family 
had scattered, he came to Ohio, and died at I'iqua, 
when past eighty veal's old. 

John ^y. Gordon, the father of our subject, was 
one of five sons. He became a farmer in early 
life, but coming to Ohio in 182.'), he took up the 
mercantile business at Chillicothe. In 1827. he 
removed to Richmond. Ross County, and from 
there to Bellefonlaine. but he only resided in each 
place about a year, and then took up his abode in 
I'iijua, where he carried on a mercantile business 

with a good degi-ee of prosperity for twenty-five 
yeai-s or so. In 18(51, he removed to St. Louis, Mo., 
where lie died at the advanced age of eighty-seven 
years, lie was a gallant odicer in the War of 1812, 
and a member of some general's staff. He ap- 
pointed Postmaster at Piqiia in 1841, under Tv- 
ler's administration. He fairly successful as a 
financier, promini'nt in his community, open- 
hearted and generous, and liberal in the »ise of his 
means. In him the Methodist Church, which he 
joined in 1823, had one of its most valued mem- 
bers, who did good service in church work as Class- 
leader and in other oflicial positions. The mother 
of our subject was Sanih Bryarly, a daughter of 
Robert and Klizabcth Bryarly, who were natives of 
Virginia and owiu'il an extensive plantation in 
Frederick County, where they had a large number 
of slaves and kept manj' fine horees, as the giaiid- 
father of our subject a lover of the beautiful 
animals. The mother of our subject died Febru- 
ary 3, 1831. .She had nine children, of whom three 
are living. The father remarried and one of his 
two children liy his second marriage is living. 

Robert Gordon, of this biographical review, ob- 
tained his early education in an old log school- 
house in his native pl.ace. After the family settled 
in Piqua, he attended a public school in that city, 
and later went to an academy. At the age of 
twenty-one. he became clerk in his father's store at 
Piqua, and obtained a clear insiglit into business, 
and so was well equipped both by natural aptitude 
for it and by training, when he came to St. Mary's 
in 1839, and established himself as a general mer- 
chant at this point in comi)any with David Bates, 
who was Chief Kngineer of the canal that was 
tlieii in process (if cimstructiou. Three 3'ears later, 
our subject abandoned that venture to .accept the 
position of Treasurer of Mercer County, to which 
he was elected in 1842, and for two terms of four 
years he managed the finances of the county with 
his usual good judgment and to the perfect satis- 
faction of all concerned. 

In 1843, Mr. Gordon entered the milling busi- 
ness, having a half-interest in a flouring mill on 
the canal, which he retained three years. He next 
engaged in farming and conducted a large business 
in that line, having eleven hundred acres of laud 



at that time. He dealt extensively in stock, mak- 
ing a specialitj- of mules, and raised more mules 
than any man in Ohio at that period, keeping 
from two hundred to two hundred and fifty a year 
and frequently selling one hundred at a time in 
Kentucky, finding a market for all that he could 
raise, as they were regarded as a superior breed. 
Since 1855, he has engaged in milling as well as in 
fanning, buying his present large and well- 
epuipped mill at St. Mary's December 19, of that 
year and immediately entering upon its manage- 
ment. He has other valuable interests in the city, 
including a warehouse, six dwellings and other 
property, beside owning a fine large farm of three 
hundred acres near St. Mary's. He derives a hand- 
some income from the oil found on about sixty 
acres of his land, and has drilled six oil wells him- 
self, four of which are the hcsl producers in tliis 

Mr. Gordon was married September 18, 1838, 
to Catherine Barrington, a native of Philadelphia, 
who was born in 1817. She is a daughter of Will- 
iam R. and Jane Barrington, who were also Phila- 
delphians by birth and were pioneers of Ohio. Mr. 
Barrington was a prominent man in Piqua, where 
he established the first paper started at that place, 
which he edited until his death. He was at one 
time Mayor of Piqua. and .Justice of tlie Peace also. 
Our subject and his wife have had eight children, 
of whom Sarah B. and Robert B., Jr., are the only 
survivors. The latter is a well-known public man, 
and is County Auditor. Jlrs. Gordon is greatly 
esteemed among her friends for rare worth and in 
her the Kpiscopal Church a devout member. 

As before mentioned, our subject has [ilayed an 
important part in tlie administration of civic 
affairs, as well as in the advancement of the busi- 
ness interests of this part of the State. He is 
prominent in local politics as a Democrat who has 
stood steadfastly by his partj- ever since he cast 
his first Presidential vote for Martin Van Buren, 
and he has done it good service as delegate to 
county, district and State conventions. He was at 
one time Justice of the Peace, but kept no docket. 
He filled the office admirably, transacting all busi- 
ness that came before him with ex.actness and 
promptness, and his decijioiis were marked with 

a clear comprehension of the law and were 
always impartial and to the point. He settled 
every case that was tried before him but one, a 
dispute about four geese, and in order to satisfy 
all concerned, he offered to pay for the geese him- 
self; but the contestants could not agree and ap- 
pealed to the Circuit Court. In making a tran- 
scription of the case. Judge Gordon cooly used a 
shingle. This unique method of transcription 
rather set the dignity of the court at defiance, and 
in any one else but "Bob Gordon," as his friend, 
the presiding Judge, familial ly termed him, would 
have called for a fine for contempt of court. 

Our subject was elected Representative to the 
l^tate Legistature from Auglaize County in 1864, 
and was re-elected in 1866. He served as Chair- 
man of the Committee on Claims, w;is a member of 
several other committees, and won an honorable 
reputation as a statesman who was true to the in- 
terests of the public that he served. He is well 
known in social circles as a member of the Masonic 
fraternity and of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, having been connected with both organi- 
zations since 1842, a period of fifty years. 

ATIIAN T. N(JBLK. M. ]).. of St. .Alaiy's. 
jl is a physician of rare merit, who is well 
/l^ .^ grounded in his profession, and a long and 
siiccesjful pi-actice in various parts of the country, 
in which he has kept pace with the times in regard 
to modern methods in the treatment ofdise.ase and 
discoveries in the medical world, has placed him 
auKJUg the firet of his calling in Auglaize County, 
where he has made his home for the past few 

The Doctor is a native of what at Uiat tiiiio was 
Mercer, but is now Auglaize, Countv, born in the 
Township of Wayne, April 28, 1848. Henry Xoble, 
his father, was also a native of Ohio, his birthplace 
in the county of Clinton, where he was born in 
181-2. He was a son of Klislia Noble, a famous 
pioneer of this section of the coiintrv. who was 
born ou the Eastern shore of Marvland. I'radi- 



lion li!vs it the Xoble family originated in 
America from throe brotliers of tlio name, vho 
emigrated from Kngland in Colonial times, (nie set- 
tling in New York, niiotlier in Maryland, and tlie 
third in Virginia. Frmn them has sprung a nii- 
raerons family. 'I'he great-grandfallier of our sub- 
ject w.a.s a g:xllant soldier of the Revolution, wliih^ 
his grandfather took an artive part in tlu^ War of 
1!<I2. The latter came to Ohio early in the his- 
tory of its settlement, and located at lir>t in Clin- 
ton County, probably about the year l^o.s. In 
IS33. lie came thence to Auglaize County, then a 
part of Mercer County, and a pioneer settler 
of W.ayno Township, where he bought (Tovernment 
land, which he transformed into a substantially 
improved farm. He died in 1864, when past four- 
score yeai-s. but his name still lives as that of one 
of our most prominent pioneers, and is borne by 
Noble Township in his honor. Ho was Commis- 
sioner of Jlereer County several years, and also 
acted as the tiret Commissioner of Auglaize County, 
never receiving much remuneration for hi-^ ser- 
vices, lie bought one eighty-.aere trad of land 
on the St. Clary's River, at ^1.2.') an acre, and as 
one corner of it was cut off l)y the stream, he paid 
only -?'.i0.9'.l for the tract. 

Henry Noble one of a large family. He 
learned the trade of bricklayer when 3'oiing, but 
followed farming after coming to this county, and 
the remainder of his life was eng.aged in agricul- 
tural pursuits in Wayne Township, now Noble 
Township, his death occurring in 1879. He had 
dwelt in this county forty-two years, and had not 
onlv been a witness of almost its entire growth. 
but he had played no unimportant part in its rise 
and progress. He wa.s a wide-awake business, 
and dealt considerably in land, and at the time of 
his death owned a valuable farm of three huudreil 
and twenty acres. He held public otlices, was 
Trustee of his township several terms, and for sev- 
eral years was a Director of the County Infirmary. 
He was a faithful member of the Disciples Chinch. 
and was a man of firm religious principles. The 
mother of our subject was C3nthian A. Roberts. .i 
native of Kentucky, and she died in 18.)8. leav- 
ing three children, of whom he was the second in 
order of birth. The father was again married. 

Until he was thirteen years old, the Doctor at- 
tended school in an old log house, that was fur- 
nished with rough slab scats. He afterwards went 
to the National Normal I'niversitj- at Lebanon, of 
which he was a student two years. He utilized 
his educatiou by teaching a few terms, and during 
that time he read medicine with Dr. JMiltcui M. 
Miller, of Celina. one year. He next pl.aced him- 
self under the instruction of Dr. Nichols, of Wapa- 
koneta, with whom he remained two years. In the 
meantime, he attended a course of lectures at the 
Ohio Medical College, at Cincinnati, and 
gi-aduated from that institution in 18C9, finely 
equipped for his chosen profession. He practiced 
one year at Cridersville, in this count}', but desir- 
ing a broader field for the exercise of his talents, 
in 1870 he went to, and established him- 
self in the drug business at Topeka. He subse- 
quently removed to Wakarusa, twelve miles from 
the State, and was stationed there three 
yeare. From there he went to Silver Lake, and 
was in practice there a year. After the death of 
his wife, he went down into Indian Territory, and 
eng.aged at his calling among the Indians of the 
Pottawatomie Nation, and also taught school 
among them. We next hear of him as Surgeon 
in Capt. Walches' company of Texas Rangers, in 
which he served eighteen months. He was the 
most of that time on the Texas frontier, and oc- 
casionally crossed the border into Mexico, when 
tlie Rangers went thither in pursuit of cattle 
tliieves, and he was present at one engagement of 
the regiment with the Mexicans. 

Tiring of the rough, hard life on the plains. Dr. 
Noble located in Matamora. Mexico, for a short 
time, then returned to Silver L.ake, Kan., and prac- 
ticed there awhile ere he finally came back to his 
old home in Ohio, in 1876, after an absence of six 
yeai-s. He opened an office in Celina, but after a 
residence there of nearly a year, he located on a 
farm in Noble Township, and superintended its 
cultivation; at the same time he continued in .ac- 
tive pr.actice .as a physician, being thus engaged 
there for nine years. He was always a close 
student, even when busiest in professional work 
nni\ in managing his affairs, but he desired t(.i irain 
a still more profound knowledge of medicine, and 

(£., J. i^u& J^.9. 



in 1886 took a post-gvaduate course at his old 
Alma Mater, the Ohio Medical College. After 
leaving college a second time, the Doctor resumed 
practice at Kossuth, whence he came to St. Mary's 
in I8K8. He at first associated himself n-ith Dr. 
Kisler. who retired in 181)2. He has tirml^' estab- 
lished himself in the confidence of the people, who 
regard him as one of the most learned and most 
able jihysicians of the place, and he his full 
share of practice. lie is a member in higli stand- 
ing of the Xorthwestern Medical Society, and he 
is Examiner for the Jlichigan Mutual Life Insur- 
ance Company. He is likewise identified with the 
public life of St. Mary's as a member of the City 
Council. He was Justice of the Peace of I^oble 
Township one term, and Township Clerk for sev- 
eral years. In politics, his sympathies are with 
the Democratic party. 

Dr. Noble was first marrieil iu 1871. to Miss 
I'rilla Fiery, a native of Maiyland. She died at 
Silver Lake, Kan., leaviug one child, Harr}% now 
deceased. Our subject was again married, in 1877, 
this time to Mrs. Anna Ellis, nee .Johnson, of Ohio, 
who presides with true tact over their home. The 
Doctor still retains his farm of eighty .acres in Xoble 
Township, and is in good financial standing. Fra- 
ternally, the Doctor is Chief Patriarch of Encamp- 
ment No. -KXat St. Mary's, also .Scribe of St. Mary's 
ChaperNo. 51. R. A. M. 


I. KREBS. M. 1). Tlie name of this uiuch- 
estecnied and re>pected citizen is well and 
favorably known to the people of Auglaize 
' County, where he practiced the "'healing 
art" for many years. He was originally from the 
Keystuue State. b(.>rn in 1832. and his parents. 
I.-aac and Esther (Topper) Krehs, were natives re- 
spectively of Winchester. Va., and Maryland. After 
marriage, tlie parents settled first in Pennsylvania, 
but afterward made their home in Winchester. 
Va.. where they passed the closnig scenes of their 
lives, the mother dying in I8i;i. and the father in 



The gentleman whose [wrtrait and life sketch 
are here presented accorapmied his parents in 
their from Pennsylvania to Virginia in 
1846, and remained under the parental roof until 
attaining his m.ajority. In 1850, he began the 
study of medicine under Dr. Hugh II. McGiiire, 
father of the renowned Hunter McGuire, and dur- 
ing the session of 1851-52 he attended the Win- 
chester Jledical College. In the last-named yeai-. 
he entered the University of Pennsylvania, and 
was graduated from that institution the following 
year. Shortly afterward, he located at Mt. Jack- 
son, and in 1854 removed to Westminster, Allen 
County, Ohio, where he practiced his profession 
successfully until 1858. From there he went to 
AVaj'nesfield, Auglaize County, and engasrod 
in a very large and lucrative practice there until 
1885, when he sold out and came to Wa\ne Town- 
ship, the same county, where he settled on a farm 
he had owned prior to selling out at Waynesfield. 
This place consists of eighty-five acres, mostly im- 
proved, and embellished by a substantial residence 
erected in 1890. 

The marriage of Dr. Krebs united him with Miss 
Lucina Myers, a native of Licking County, Ohio, 
and the daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth Jlyers. 
also of that county. This union resulted in the 
birth of three children: Laura L., Jennie J. and 
Francis G. Laura L. was graduated from Ada 
University in Hardin County, and also attended 
the Columbus Medical College and the Homeo- 
pathic College at Cincinnati. Her talent :is an 
elocutionist is of an unusually high order. .Mie is 
now the wife of J. H. Jlauchester, of Goshen Town- 
ship, who is one of the most extensive farmers of 
t)hio. Jennie .1., wlio is the wife of Ira liar- 
rod, of Wayne Township, was a student at Ad.a 
University, but on .account of poor health did not 
graduate. She is a fine musician, and is organist 
of the Waynesfield Methodist Episcopal Church. 
Francis G. likewise studied in Ada Universit\-, 
and is now a prosperous citizen of Goshen Town- 
ship. His marriage united him with Miss Nellie 
daughter of Rev. A. P. McXuit. of IJiadner, Wnnd 
County, Ohio. 

For thirty-eight Nears l)r. Krebs wu.- in the 
active pr.actice of hi> profes.-iou, ami is now re- 



tired, sijendina: his declining years in the enjoy- 
ment of the fruits of liis laboi-s. In politics, he 
luis been .1 life-long Demoerat, and east his fii-st 
Presidential vote for .lames Bnchannn. He has 
been especi-ally interested in edueati<Mial matters, 
and served as School Director, as well as in 
other ollicial capacities. He and his wife are mem- 
bers of the Methodist Church, in which they are 
active workers. His tliorough knowledge of his 
profession caused his services to be in demand 
over a wide scope of territory, and his practice was 
limited only by the time he was able to devote 
to it. His cheerful countenance, encouraging 
words and sympathizing manner have won for 
him a host of warm personal friends, and he is 
universally respected. 

^^^EOKCtE a. MARSHALL is one of the prom- 
j - — inent legal lights of Shelby County, and as 
V;^ a lawyer, he combines ability and a thor- 
ough training in principles with industry 
and close application to the interests of his clients. 
He is a scholarly gentleman, a valuable counselor, 
and a useful and influential citizen. He has been 
engaged in active practice in this county since 
1878, and has been Prosecuting Attorney for the 
same. Mr. Marehall was born in Washington 
Township, this county, on the 14th of Septemljer, 
1850, and is a son of .Samuel and Jane (Russell) 
Marshall, both natives of Pennsylvania. 

The father was born in Washington County, 
January 8, 180.3, and with his father, also Samuel 
Marshall, came to Washington Township, Shelby 
County, in 1805. The elder Samuel made a set- 
tlement in Miami Count\-, which extended to the 
Lakes. He entered the third tract in what is now 
Shelby County, developed a farm, and there his 
death occurred. He Assnciate Judge ft>r this district. .Samuel, Jr., was reared on the 
f.arm and made that his home all his life. He 
married Mi-< I'cis- ell and reared a family nfi-lrvrn 
rliildren. I'.mIU he and Mrs. .Marshall were mem- 

bers of the United Presbyterian Church, and he 
was Count}- Coroner for several years. His wife 
died on the Sth of January, 18fil, and he followed 
her to the grave on the I'Jth of February, 1871. 

Our subject entered the Delaware (Ohio) Wes- 
leyan University at a suitable age, and took a 
three years and a-lialf course, afterward reading 
law Willi the tinn of Conklin & Burroughs, lie 
was admitted to the Bar by the Supreme Court 
in 1878, and at once located in Sidney for pr.actice. 
Later, he entered into partnership with Judge 
Conklin, continued with him for two j-ears, and 
since that time has conducted the business alone. 
In 1878, he was elected Prosecuting Attorney, and sworn in on the 1st of January, 1879, holding 
that position one term of two, and two terras of 
three years, each. He was elected on the Demo- 
cratic ticket. During the great political fight of 
1890, he was a candidate for Congress, but was 
one of the five who were not elected. There were 
three conventions of a week's duration each. 

Mr. Marshall chose his wife in the person of 
Miss Lou Cowan, who was born in Shelby County, 
Ohio, and whose father, Dr. Cowan, resided west 
of Sidney for manj' years. The nupti.als were cele- 
brated on the 8th of January, 1880, and three 
children have blessed this union: Benjamin, Sam- 
uel and Frank. Mr. Marshall is well versed in 
law and is an honored member of the Bar and a 
highly reputable gentleman. His reputation and 
record are first-class for integrity and trustworthi- 
ness in all matters intrusted to him, and he is one 
of the most capable members of his profession in 
the city. 

1<^ ICHOLAS BREWER. It gives us pleasure 

I J, to i)lace on these pages a biographical re- 
view of the life of this venerable pioneer 
of Auglaize County, who is a fine representative of 
hi« class. For more half a century, he has 
llvrd and l.-iliiiri'il in Noble Township, and his 
name will fuicver be associated vrith its rise and 



growth. He has reclaimed a beautiful farm from 
the forests that prevailed here wheu be settled in 
his locality, and lie has been prominent in the ad- 
ministration of public affairs in various important 
official capacities. 

Mr. Brewer was born in lligiiland County. .Janu- 
ary 10, 1812. a son of Isliam Brewer, a native of 
North Carolina, who c;inie to Ohio in the early 
years of its settlement, and was one of the origi- 
nal pioneers of Higliland County. He married 
there and became a prospenjus farmer. A few 
years prior to his death, he removed to Clinton 
Count\-, where he died in 1850. at .an advanced 
age. His wife, Ph(jebe Brewer, a native of Vir- 
ginia, passed awa}- some years before lie did. They 
had a family of eleven children, six sons and five 
daughters, of whom our subject is the eldest. 

Mr. Brewer's school advantages were very lim- 
ited. as he had to go two or three miles to a school, 
which was taugiit in a rude log cabin, and he only 
went two terms in all. He obtained the most of 
his education at Imme. ami also obt.ained a good 
drilling in all kinds of farm work, passing his 
boyhood on his father's farms in Highland and 
Clinton Counties, the family removing to the lat- 
ter pl.ace when he was (piite small. The country wild, and game, ^uch as deer, wolves, bears 
and other animals, abounded, so that he had a fine 
chance to exercise his skill .as a m.arksman when he 
could obtain leave logo hunting. He farmed five 
jears in Clinton County before his marriage, and 
worked until he obtained money enough to buy 
eighty acres of land. In 1836. he t-.iine to Au- 
glaize County- to select a suitable location and to in- 
vest his money, accompanied hither by his wife and 
two sons, the jonrnev being made the most of the 
way in a wagon througli the woods. When 3Ir. 
Brewer arrived at .St. Mary's, he hired a man to cut 
his way with an axe to Noble Township, and he 
located here in the forests, buying eighty acres of 
land on section 24, where he has since lived a 
l)eriod of fifty-six yea-.-s. His homestead was land 
that had been donated to the State by the Govern- 
ment, that the Jliami and Erie Canal might be 
built from the proceeds obtained in selling the 

Our suliject began life in regular pioneer btyle. 

erecting a log cabin, 18x20 feet in dimensions, for 
a dwelling, in which he lived several years. In- 
dians frequently passed by on hunting expedi- 
tions, .and he killed many a deer and wolf, 
selling the pelts for groceries and other necessaries 
for family use. and supplying the table with veni- 
son. It was the fall of the jear when he settled 
here, and by the following 3-ear he had seven acres 
of his land cleared and ready for cultivation, and 
planted it with corn. He cleared a little of his farm 
each year, and, working very hard to make a liv- 
ing, occasionalh- became discour.iged and wi^licd 
himself back in his old home. To make mat- 
ters worse, a few yeai-s later, after the canal 
w;is begun, the ague became prevalent, and he and 
his family suffered greatly from it. But better 
times came; he had his land pretty well cleared, 
began to make a little money, added more land to 
his original purchase, and in time had three hun- 
dred and twenty acres of most excellent farming 
land in his possession. He has given his two sons 
eighty acres each, but still retains one hundred 
and sixty acres on sections 2.3 and 21. All this 
land has been cleared b_v his own hands, and he 
has placed it under substantial improvement. He 
began here in the woods with but little cai)ital, 
and has hewed his way to a comfortable fortune, 
which places him among the solid men of Noble 

Mr. Brewer was married Decemlter 15, I80O, to 
.Sarah Noble, a native of Clinton County, whose 
parents came to this county at the same time that 
she and her husband came. She was an excellent 
Christian woman, the best of wives and mothers, 
anil an honored member of the Metliodist Episco- 
pal Church. .She was greatly mourned when death 
called her hence in 187U. Five sons and five 
daughters were the fruit of her marriage with our 
subject, as follows: Elisha N., Caroline (deceased), 
Calvin (deceased), Elizabeth, Margaret. Auirusta, 
.\lbert (deceased). Cass. Susan (deceased), and 

Mr. Brewer a good record as a Democrat 
since the day, many years ago, that he cast his first 
Presidential vote for .Vndrew .lackson. His fellow- 
citizens early recognized his fitness for public life, 
and have from lime to time called him to fill vari- 



ous responsible offices connected with the admin- 
istration of civic affairs. lie was at one time 
County Commissioner, discharging the duties thus 
incumbent upon him nitli true public spirit, and 
.•^lining the reputation of being one of the best 
men that ever held the position. lie Trus- 
tee of Noble Township for several years, and 
Township Clerk for a long time, and for many 
yeai-s had charge of the finances of the ti)«nship 
as Treasurer. 

.« »11. 1.1AM MARION SNOW is intoUigent. 

\ - / progressive anil prosperous in the prosecu- 
VV tiou of his calling as a farmer and stock- 
man, and is numbered among the leading members 
of his cl,TSS in .Shelby County. His home is one of 
the most comfortable and attractive on section 12, 
Cynthiaua Township, where he is enlensively en- 
gaged in business. 

A native of this .State, our subject born near 
Piqua. .Miami County. October 4. 1850. He is a son 
of George .Snow, who emigrated from his native 
country, Germany, to -\merica when a lad of seven 
years in company with his father, who also bore 
the name of George. They first made their home 
in Baltimore, but soon afterward removed to this 
State and located in this county, wheie tlie grand- 
father died. The father of our subject followed 
the occupation of a farmer, and, coming to this 
county in 18.i6, made a permanent location in 
Cvnthiana Township, where he purchased land and 
resided until his dece.ise, which occurred in No- 
vember. 1800, when in his eightieth year, lie was 
a prominent land-owner in this county, and at Iiis 
death left an estate of ¥4.000. In religious affairs, 
he was a devoted member of the German Baptist 

The mother of our subject bore the maiden name 
of Nancv Crowl and w.-ls a native of Montgomery 
Countv. Like her husband, she also a member of 
the German Baptist Church, and reared a family i>f 

nine children, three of whom are living. 'William 
M., of this sketch, was given a good education, and 
when twenty years of age started out to make his 
own w.ay in the world. In 186'J, he went West to 
Missouri, and thence to I^awrence, Kan., in both of 
which pl.aces he engaged in working on a farm, 
remaining about a j-ear. At the end of that 
time returning home, he eiig.iged in farming in 
Cynthiana Township, to which industry, in 188.'), 
he added that of buying and shipping stock, hand- 
ling about S!,tO,000 worth of animals each year, 
which he ships mostly to Buffalo. 

The Lady who became the wife of our subject, 
Januarj- 1, 1838, was Miss Henrietta, daughter of 
Cyrus and Jane Miller, natives of Lancaster 
County, Pa., where their daughter also born. 
Tlie parents of Mrs. Snow came to Ohio in 1870, 
at which time they located in Miami County, 
where they are at present residing. Our subject 
and his wife have had one son, Marion F., who 
was born Decembers, 1879, .and died .lanuary .5, 

Mr. Snow is a stanch adherent of the Republican 
party, and been called upon to represent his 
fellow-townsmen as a delegate to the various 
county conventions. He candidate for Sheriff 
in the fall of 1890, but was defeated by a small 
majority. He is now serving his second year as 
Trustee, the duties of which office he is perform- 
ing in a manner which does credit to himself and 
gives satisf.action to his constituents. He is the 
owner of fifty acres of good land on section 23, 
and one hundred and twenty acres in another por- 
tion of the township, which he is cultivating in a 
most intelligent and profitable manner. 


■ ILLIAM .SCHULKNBERG. No n.irae in 
the memorial department of this work is 
^y more worthy of mention that of Will- 
iam Schulen berg. Postmaster and merchant of New 
ISremen. .Vuirlaize County, Ohio. In him thecoin- 
niuiiitv lias a faithful and unswerving friend, ever 



alert to serve its best int-erests, and generous in his 
contributions toward every movement tending to 
the general advancement. He vras born September 7, 
1838, in Cincinnati, Ohio, and comes of German 
parentage, his fatlier and mother, Henry F. and Wil- 
helmina (Buck) Sehulenberg, being natives of the 
Old Countrj'. Their marriage was celebrated in Ger- 
many on the 7th of Ma\', 1832, and there the father 
followed his trade, that of miller and millwright, 
until 1833, when they took passage for theUnited 
States. After an ocean voyage of two months Ihey 
landed on American soil and came immediately to 
Cincinnati, Ohio, where Mr. Sehulenberg followed 
building and contracting for several years. From 
there he subsequenth- moved to Is'ew Bremen, 
Auglaize County, Ohio, and a few j-ears later to 
Cincinnati. However, he was not satisfied to re- 
main in that city and soon afterwards he returned 
to jSTew Bremen, where he settled permanently, be- 
ing one of the first residents of that town. He fol- 
lowed his trade of carpenter and builder, and all tlie 
first-class houses of that town are monuments to his 
work. He w:is Captain of a company of State militia 
here for a number of jeai-s. AVhen Randolph freed 
his slaves, he purchased a tract of land in Mercer 
County where he sent them to school. They camped 
near New Bremen until the people objected, when 
Mr. Sehulenberg loaded tliem on a canal boat and 
sent them back. Mr. Sehulenberg was a member 
of the St. Paul Lutheran church, wliich lie built, 
and he was one of the most prominent and well- 
known men of the county. He served in the army 
in Germany. He died of cholera in 1849, when 
only forty > ears of age, and his wife passed away 
the year previous. 

Our subject, the sixth in order of birth of twelve 
children, three of whom are now living, was but 
eleven years of age when his parents died, and he 
received such educational advantages as the times 
afforded, attending the common schools of tlie 
county in log schoolliouses with slab seats, etc. 
After the death of his parents he painted wagons 
in the shop of a wagon-maker, with whom he re- 
mained until fifteen years of age. after which he 
hired out to work on a farm for §3 per month. 
He was thus engaged for about three years, after 
which he boated on the Miami and Erie Canal dur- 

ing the summer and followed coopering during 
the winter months. In 1858, he ran the stage and 
carried the mail from New Bremen toPiqua, Ohio, 
and continued thus engaged until 18G2. On tlie 
25th of August of that 3'ear, he enlisted in companv 
C, Thirty-seventh Ohio Infantry, under Col. Siebert, 
and participated in the battle of Vicksburg, siege 
and assault of Jackson, Missionary Ridge, Resaca, 
Dallas, Keuesaw Mountain, Atlanta, Jonesboro, 
and Bentonville. Two of his brothers were in his 
company and another brother was in the First 
Ohio Calvary. Mr. Sehulenberg had several bullet 
holes shot through his blouse, and was shot through 
the hair once, but never received a flesh wound. 
The l.ast six- months of his service, he was sent to 
Columbus, Ohio, and acted as fowarding oflicer, 
forwarding substitutes to the front. He became 
clerk in that department On tlie 28th of Mav, 
1865, he was discharged and returned to New 
Bremen. He was in the hospital about a week 
during his service. 

Returning to New Bremen, Mr. .Sehulenberg was 
married to Miss C. Helwig, a native of Cincinnati, 
Ohio, and settled down to the duties of life, first 
working in a brewery. Later, he secured a position 
in a hardware store and still later was in the saloon 
business for himself. In 1868, under Glen. Grant, 
he became Postm.aster at New Bremen, which posi- 
tion he continued to hold in a very satisfactorv 
manner until 1885. In 1868, he engaged in the 
book and stationery business and continued this 
in connection with the postoffice business. In 1886, 
he was elected Sheriff of Auglaize Count}- on the 
Republican ticket and was elected with a majoritj- 
of 331 in a county of from 1,800 to 2,000 Demo- 
cratic majority, thus showing his popularitj-. He 
served one term, during which time he resided at 
AVapakoneta, the county seat, but he continued his 
business at New Bremen. After his term had ex- 
pired, Mr. Sehulenberg returned to New Bremen 
and was re-appointed Postmaster under Gen. Har- 

Mr. and Mrs. Sehulenberg are the parents of 
three children: ,\nna. wife of Edward Lanyhert. 
of this town; Herbert, who is assistant Post- 
master and carries on the store, and Francis, twelve 
years old. Mr. and Mrs. .S<,-huleii berg have adopted 



a cbiUI. Franklin Iluenke, whom they took when 
but six months old. lie is still with our subject 
:»nd wife. Mr. Seiiulenberg has been Mayor of tlie 
town of New Bremen, has been Chief of the fire 
department, .ini) has been a member of the City 
t'ouneil. lie is a st.inoh supporter of Republican 
l>rinoiple<. lie ami wife are membei-s of the St. 
PaiiTs Lutheran Church and he is at present .Super- 
intendent of the Sunday-school. Mr. Schulenberg 
owns a tine dwelling in New Bremen, a handsome 
business block and other town property, including 
three ,acres adjoining the corporation. He operated 
a tile yard for a few yeai-s and also started a min- 
eral water f.ictory bvit soon sold this. IK' has also 
been connected with an agricultural implement 
store here, lie and the Postmaster at St. ^Mary's 
are the two oldest of "rncle Sam's boys" in the 
county, having been in the I'nited States service 
nearly twenty-live years. Our subject has a fine 
large store and h:is a select stock of books and 
stationery. He is wide-awake and thm-ougli-go- 
ing and one of the pri>mineiit men of tlie county. 

F. LAXFER.SIF.CK. The inventive genius 
of this prosperous age has found one of its 
most progi-essive fields in devising imple- 
_ ments designed to lighten the labor of the 
agiiculturist, and the progressive farmer of the 
day is ])rovided with machines which to a great 
extent relieve him from heavy manual labor. 
Among houses well known for the production of 
these wonderful devices is that of J. F. Lanfei-sieck 
(t Co.. manufacturers of sulky plows, gang plows. 
sinsrle plows. etc. The quality of the goods man\i- 
faetured given them a wide-spread reputation 
and they are doing a tlnurishing business. 

J. F. Ijnfersieck born in Shelby County, 
Ohio. May 14, 18^2. and comes of German parent- 
age, his father, Victor Lanfersieck. and his mo- 
ther. Catherine (Knost) Lanfei-sieck. having l>een 
born in Germanv. The father was a stonecutter 

and followed his trade in his native country 
until 18.'M. when he decided that he could do better 
in .\nierica, and so crossed the ocean. lie came to 
Ohio and located in \'an Ruren Township, Slielby 
County, where he purcha.sed land. He was about 
the second man to settle in that township, and he 
first purcha.sed fifty acres, upon whicli he built a log 
house. This farm lie improved and cleared, and 
when he sold out, ill 1 SUM. ho liad one hundiL-.l and 
ninety acres of wcll-improveil land. 

He moved to New Bremen and Ihoie lived re- 
tired until his deatli. in IsTI, when sixty-four 
years of age. He was a man of much detfiniina- 
tioii and energy, and although he .started with 
limited means, he became one of tlie sulistaiilial 
men of his section. He was a Lutheran in his re- 
ligious views, as also liis wife, who died in 
1.S88, when eiglity-t%vo years of age. They were 
the parents of nine children, four of whom survive 
at the present time. 

The original of this notice w;is born in the lug 
house his father had built in Shelby Countv, Van 
Buren Township, and he attended school in a log 
schoolhouse,his educational advantages being lim- 
ited to a few months each year. He assisted his 
father on the home pl.ace until twenty years of age, 
after which he began learning the bl.acksmith's 
trade, or plow-making, in New Bremen, and after- 
ward followed this for thirteen years. In 1880, 
he purchased the plow works in New Bremen of 
I. H. Lanfei-sieck, who was the founder of the 
works, and our subject sole proprietor until 
1881. wliea he sold a half-interest to .J. H. Gro- 
tliaus, the tirm name afterward becoming J. F. 
Lanfersieck it Co. In 1891, the firm erected a 
large new brick establishment with a front.age of 
one hundred feet and seventy feet deep, and two 
stories high. They give eraplo^'ment to a good 
many skilled workmen and maiuifaetuie many 
'■New Bremen" plows in a year. 

Mr. Lanfei-sieck lias been twice niariicd. lirst in 
ISTO to Caruliiie -Vhlers. a native of .Shelliy 
County, ()\iU>, who died in 1880, le.nving three 
children: Augusta, Alinda and Amanda. Our sub- 
ject's second raarri.age occurred in 1881, to Miss 
JIary Welleraeyer, a native of (Germany, who came 
to America with her parents. No children have 



been born of this union. In p litics, Mr. Lanfer- 
sieck is a Democrat, and in religion, a Luthei-an. 

J. H. Grothaus, -nho represents the company of 
this firm, is a native of Slielb_v County, Van Buren 
Township, Ohio, born February 20, 1859, and the 
son of AVilliam Grothaus, who was born in Ger- 
many in 18-25. When fourteen years of age, the 
ehler Grotliaus came to America, located in Penn- 
sylvanin. and tliere worked .is a farm hand for 
some time. Later, he learned the cigar-making 
trade, and then came to Cincinnati, where he con- 
tinued the same. The gold fever seized him in 1850, 
and that-j-car he went to California, where hespent 
three years in the gold mines. lie met with much 
luck, and returned home with considerable gold, 
making the return trip via the Isthmus. He spent 
a few years in St. Louis, and traveled for a whole- 
sale house tliere for a sliort time. He was in Chi- 
cago when it was but a small town, and was in the 
grocery business in Cincinnati for a short time. 
He came to Van Buren Township, Shelby Count}', 
Ohio, soon after his return from California, pur- 
chased a farm, and later located on this, tilling the 
soil successfully for nine years. 

In 1865, he sold liis farm and located in New 
Bremen, where he eng.aged in the cigar business a 
short time, and was also engaged in the slioe busi- 
ness for a few ^ears. He was JIayor of the town 
nine years. Justice of the Peace several years, and 
resigned both positions on account of failing health. 
He died in 1885. when sixty-two years of ■ ge. He 
was a well-informed man, had traveled a great 
deal, and was higlily esteemed by all. He left con- 
siderable property. His wife, wliose maiden name 
was Eliza Lanfersieck, a native of Van Buren 
Township, Shelby County, Ohio, and she is still 
living, making her home in New Bremen. She is 
a member of the German Lutheran Church. Of 
the ten children born to her marii.age. eiglit are 
living at the [iresent time. 

J. H. CJiothaus. the second in order of birth of 
thp>e children, was educated in the public schools 
of New r.i-emen. and was but fifteen years of age 
when he entered the plow works of II. Lanfersieck 
i Co., as painter. In 18.^1. when twenty-two 
years of age. he purcliased a half interest in the 
plow works, then owned by .1. F. Lanfersieck. He 

attended the books, looked after the sales, etc. On 
the 14th of November, 1888, he was married to 
Miss Amelia Vogelsong, a native of New Bremen, 
and the daughter of F. Vogelsong, one of the 
wealthiest business men in IS'cw Bremen. Two 
children have blessed this union: Alvin and Wal- 
ter. Mr. Grothaus is a stanch Democrat in his po- 
litical views, and has been Clerk of the town for 
six years. He is a member of the School Board, 
now serving his second term, and has held other 
local positions. Socially, he is a member of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and the En- 
campment. Mr. and Mi's. Grothaus are both Ger- 
man Lutherans in their religious views. Mr. 
Grotliaus is a stockholder in the New Bremen 
Natur.-d Company, and is Secretary of the 
Home Oil Company. He owns a fine residence 
near the school building. 

S. ElvERMEYER. The humanizing in- 
Ijl |\\ fluence of Christianity is shown in thou- 
S sands of directions, but in none to a more 
* marked degree than in that of medical and 

surgical science. Auglaize County, Ohio, has many 
accomplished physicians, and among these is Dr. 
M. S. Ekermeyer, who Ls engaged in the practice of 
his chosen profession and devotes his entire atten- 
tion to healing the sick and afflicted. 

Our subject was born at Zanesville, Ohio, on the 
4th of September, 1860, and five years later moved 
with his parents to New Lremen, where be at- 
tended school until 1871, and thus laid the foun- 
dation for his subsequent prosperous career. He 
then went to Cincinnati, entered the public 
schools there and spent four years in close appli- 
cation to his books. After this, for three years 
he served an apprenticeship in a drug-store and 
in the fall of 1878 he entered upon a three-years 
course in the Eclectic Medical Institute at Cincin- 
nati, graduating at that well-known institution in 
the spring of 1881. 



Fixmi there >[r. Ekermeyer came to New Bvc- 
nuMi, practiced a -few inontlis. and in the fall of 
ISSl went to Ciucinnati. whoie lio praitui-d nu'ili- 
ciiio in partnci-sliip with his father, wlio is also a 
proniinent physician. He arrived in the Queen 
City just in time to take an active part in sulidu- 
in;;: one of the woi-st epidemics of smallpox that city 
liad ever known. lie met with wonderful success 
in his treatment of tliis fell disease and was also 
very successful in his Ciises of diplitheria, which 
was largely prevalent at that time. 

In 1883. Dr. Kkermeyer returned to New Kre- 
mon. engaged in the practice of his profession, and 
his efforts .as a practitioner of the healing art are 
meeting with excellent success, lie is now en- 
g:igeil in a large and lucrative prarliee and is one 
of tlie foremost physicians of the county. In 18.').'), 
lie w;\s united in marriage to Miss JIartlia Schmidt, 
of Xew Bremen, daughter of Henry .Schmidt, who 
wa.s formerly one of the well-known merchants of 
New Bremen, where he died in 1877. One child, 
Ksther. li:is been born to Dr. and Mrs. Ekermeyer. 

Although a stanch Repuljlican in his political 
views. Dr. P^kermeyer does not aspire to any polit- 
ical position and does not take a very .active in- 
terest in political affaire, but is thoroughly posted 
on .all subjects of moment. .Socially, he is a mem- 
ber of the Knights of Pj'thias and the Indepen- 
dent Order of Odd Fellows, and is very prominent 
in social circles, being at present District Deputy 
Grand M.aster in the former organization, lie is 
a meml>er of the Ohio Slate Medical Society and 
is a popular, wide-awake, thoroughly-posted young 
physician. Mr. and Mrs. Kkermeyer are progress- 
ive and .active wmker^ of the SI. Peter's Lutheran 



jf^rSUF.ODOliV. Pl'RPrS. a native of Rhenish 
//^\ Bavaria, flermany. born on the lilli <>! No- 
Vs5>/ vcmber. 1844, is now the popular and most 
efficient editor of the New Bremen Star, one of 
the representative county journals, a German pa- 

per, lie attended school until sixteen ye.ars of age 

and tlieii .-ecured a ])osilion in the Treasurer's 
nllici'. which hi' tilled for six years in a verv satis- 
factory manner. 

In 18()l), he sailed lor America from I'rancc, 
taking passage at 1 lavre do tir.ace in December, 
18t).').and lamling in New York City in .lanuarv 
of the following year, lie came immediately to 
New Bremen and became a teacher in the schools 
of that city, remaining in the same until 1879. He a very popular .-uid successful educator and 
accomplished much L;(iod in the schools of that 
town. In December, 187!), he jjurchased the office 
of the Stem iks WesUichen Ohio. The owner and 
founder of this paper was .1. V. .Sehiffer, who started 
the paper in 1873, at jMinster, three miles south of 
New Bremen, and conducted it at that point until 
it purchased by Mr. Piirpus, who removed it 
to New Bremen, where it has since been conducted. 
The paper always advocates the principles of the 
Democratic party, and Mr. Purpus proved 
himself to boa man of good judgment in conduct- 
ing the editorial policy of his paper. He has evei- 
been an earnest advocate of all public enteri)rises 
calculated to benefit the county, and through the 
columns of his journal has wielded no slight inllu- 
ence in directing the proper steps to be taken for 
any movement. The paper is 29x44, nine-column 
folio, and his office is equipped with iiower-press, 
job presses and a go(jd assortment of tj'pe and 
material. I'nder the efficient man.agement of IMr. 
Purpus, the iSfac has come to be regarded as one of 
the best papers of the county and journeys over 
a wide scope of country. 

Mr. Purpus selected as his comiiauidu in life 
Miss Antoinette Vockell, a native of New Bremen, 
and their union solemnized in the year 1869. 
Mrs. Purpus' parents came to America from Ger- 
many in 1806 and settled in Auglaize County, 
where they passed the closing scenes of their 
lives. Mr. and Mrs. Purpus became the jiar- 
onts of an interesting family of eitrht children, 
as follows: Louisa, Theodore. Alficil. Adolph, 
Otto. Leo, and Florentina and Kiuina. both de- 
ceased. Mr. Purpus has ever advocated the prin- 
ciples of the Democratic party and has served one 
term .as Township Clerk. He is at present Clerk of 






the School Board. He was elected Secietarj- of the 
Xew Biemen Building and Savings Association 
upon its organization in 1873 and served in tliat 
capacity until 1881. The Concordia Building and 
Savings Association was then started, in January, 
1884, and he is now its worthy Secretary. Both 
he and Mrs. Purpus are members of the Lutheran 
St. Paul's Church, and are well respected in the 

:X[ feALLACE W. KOACll, Sheriff of Logan 
\/\l// County, is a gentleman whose kindly and 
)^'^ courteous mannei-s have won for him 
many warm pei-sonal friends, both in political and 
social circles. He was born i)i AVashington County, 
this Slate, March 11, 1850, and is the son of Daniel 
M. and Susan (Hanson) Roach, also natives of this 
State. The father was a carpenter by trade, and, 
removing to Indiana, there passed the remainder 
of his life. 

The parental family included three sons and 
three daughters, all of wlioin .ire living. AVall.ace 
W. was given a practical education in the schools of 
his native county, and when reaching his majority 
learned the scroll-sawing and chair-making trade. 
For six \ears, he resided at Kenton, this State, 
wliere he worked at his trade. In April, 1880. he 
came to Bellefontaine and.iccepted the position of 
foreman in the scroll department of what was then 
the Nathan Walker Chair Manufacturing Com- 
pany. Subsequently, he became Superintendent 
of the wholesale concern, which position lie filled 
for two years. 

Always actively interested in public affairs. Mr. 
Koach was elected to the City Council in 1882, and 
two years later was appointed to fill the unexpired 
term of one of his brother Aldei-men. In 1886, 
he was elected Citj- Marshal, and on the same day 
on which his term expired was nominated for 
.Sheriff of Logan Countv, being elected to that 
responsible ottice in November, 1888. He was re- 
elected the following terra, and during both cam- 

paigns carried the county by the largest majority 
ever given to a Sheriff, which speaks well for his 
standing in this section. As a Sheriff, he has given 
entire satisfaction to everyone concerned and is 
very popular among his fellow-citizens. A Re- 
publican in political mattei'S, he served as Chair- 
man of the Republican County Committee in 1891 
and occupied other positions of trust. 

During the Civil "War, Mr. Roach served for 
nine months as a member of Compan3- C, Eigh- 
teenth Ohio Infantry, and as he enlisted before 
reaching his fifteenth year, he is the youngest man 
in Logan Count}- who carried a gun during the 
war. As a member of the Grand Army, he is 
connected with Post No. 441, .and occupies a high 
position among his comrades. In 1888. he was ap- 
pointed Quartermaster of Logan County Battalion, 
by J. AV. O'Neal, Department Commander of the 
National Encampment at Columbus, Ohio. Soci- 
ally, Mr. Roach is identified with the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, serving as District Deputy 
Grand Master in 1887; the Knights of Pythi.os and 
Uniform Rank, Sixty-eighth Division, where he is 
serving his second term as Representative to the 
Grand Lodge; and he also belongs to Bellefontaine 
Lodge No. 209, F. it A. M.; LaFayette Chapter 
No. GO. and Roper Commandery No. 19, K. T. 

Decembers, 1867, Mr. Roach and Miss Louise 
;M. Sprague were united in marriage, and unto them 
have been bora three children, viz.: Otto ^Y.. 
Marleu B. and Gertrude S. An old family Bible 
now in the possession of Elijah Sprasrue, father of 
Airs. Roach, gives the following facts in regard to 
the family history: AA'illiam Sprague, great-grand- 
father of Elijah, was born February 2, 1691, anil 
oil the 10th of September, 1714, w.os married to 
Alice Brown, whose birth occurred Alay 31, 1G91. 
Their son Joshua was born .lulj- 3, 1729 and in 
.January. 1749, united in marriage with Miss 
Amy Darling. His second marriage, which oc- 
curred April 22. 17.51. united liim with Abigail 
AViiljur. .lune 10. 1762. he removed with his fam- 
ily from Rhode Island to Nova Scotia, but at the 
opening of the Revolutionary AVar returned to 
New England, settling m Massachusetts. During 
the war, he and his two eldest sons did valiant ser- 
vice for the Colonies. .limatlKUi Sprague. Sr.. was 



IxM'i) J:iiiii:iry ;>. 1767. niul was one of a (.-oiiipany 
wlio cmiic lo Ohio in I7S8. His wife, wliosc 
maiden name w:u> Callierine Kmerson. was born at 
SniithlioM. Providence County, H. I.. September 
i;>, 1 7;>l*. and w.-u: llie daughter of Ezekiel Kmer- 
son, ovei-seer of the first cotton factory in the 
I'mted .States. F.lijah Sjii-ngue, father of Mrs. 
Ivoaoli, was lH>rn March 10, If^lS.and is still living:. 

The paternal gt-.indfatlier of our subject, Daniel 
Roach, was lxirn in Virjrinia, and came to Ohio in 
1739, looiting in Washinirton County, where he 
died in .luly, lt*.')0. Lyman S. Konch, brother of 
our subject, is a very prominent politicanand now 
resides in Texas. During the late war, he served 
,as a mcnjber of the Ohio T.ight Artillery, Battery 
C, and captured in the fall of 1861, after 
which he confined in the Florence (S. C.) Pri- 
son for about five months. 

In connection with this biographical sketch will 
be noticed a portrait of Mr. Roach. 

' AMKS M. KAUF.MAN. Among the resi- 
dents of Bellefontaine who are spending 
their declining years in the enjoyment of 
peace and plenty, obUiined by their indus- 
trious efforts ,'ind good man.agement, and are secure 
in the esteem of all who know them, is Mr. Kauf- 
man, who is a retired agriculturist. He born 
in Baltimore County, Md.. December 1, 1816, .iiid 
is the son of Frederick and Klizabeth (Spaiks), natives respectively of I'ennsylvania 
and Maryland. 

Georse Kaufman, the paternal grandfather of 
our subject, was born in Amsterdam, Holland, 
and emigrating to .-Vmerica when a Ixjy, made his 
home in Pennsylvania. He served valiantly as a 
soldier in the Revolutionary War. and si)ent his 
la-st davs in Allentown. Pa. The father of our 
subject was a saddler by trade, which occupation 
he learned in his native town in Pennsylvania. 
He later went to Maryland, and carried on his 
trade in connection with mercantile and farming 

interests. He w,as very successful iu all his under- 
takings, and departed this life in Baltimore County. 
He W!is a very prominent AVliig in his day, "ud 
was always roaily to support any measure whioli 
had for it,'- oliji'ct tlic upluiildiiig df his coiiunu- 

Of the parcnt.-il family of four sous and one 
daughter, three sous are now livinir. those besides 
our subject being Tluini:i> and .bilm '1'., who live 
in this county, .'ind Baltimore, rospecli vely, where 
they follow tlie busine.-.s of saddlers and har- 
ness-makers, .laino M., of this sketch, was reared 
iu Ills native coiiuly, and educated in the priv- 
ate and subscription schools. Wlim reaching 
his eighteenth year, he went to the city of Balti- 
more and .served an appienticesliip of four years 
at the carpenter's trade. After mastering that oc- 
cupation, he went, in IS.'Jl, to Kentucky, and, in 
partnership with his uncle, .lohn .Sparks, built the 
court house at Stanford. .Mr. Kaufman remained 
in that place for about two years, and while there 
voted for William Henry Harrison. He next went 
to Hustonville, that State, and opened a grocery 
store, which he conducted for two years, and at 
the expiration of that time he came to Xenui, this 
.State, where he met and married, that same year, 
;Miss Elizabeth, daughter of Silas Roberts, of that 
city. His father-in-law having purchased two 
farms in Logan County, this .State, the winter 
previous, our subject thought it advisable to try 
farming, and in the fall of 1838, moved on a farm 
in Harrison Township, where he made his home 
iintil 1868. 

In the above-named year, .Mr. Kaufman came to 
Bellefontaine, where he has since resided. He has 
a beautiful home in this city, where he is enjoying 
the pleasures of a charming domestic life. He 
still owns his farm in Harrison Township, which 
consists of four hun<lred and eight acres, and i> 
under thorough tillage. The estate bears a full 
line of adtquale improvements, and produces a 
ijood store of the various cro[)s, to the raising of 
which it is devoted. Jlr. Kaufman, while residing 
upon his farm, devoted consideraljlc attention to 
breeding stock, in which branch (jf ai^riculture 
he was very successful. 

The original of this sketch was (.'lerk of llairi- 



son Township for ten or fifteen yeai-s. He also 
served as School Director for a long time, was As- 
sessor, Real-estate Appraiser, and Director of the 
County Infirmary for eighteen years. It will be 
thus seen that he is one of the most prominent 
residents of the county, and has hosts of friends 
throughout this section. He joined the Masonic 
fraternity in 1836. and is to-day the oldest Mason 
in Logan County, and the only charter member 

Mr. and JIi-s. Kaufman have a family of three 
s(ins and four daughters: Silas, Francis, William, 
Casander K., Kmezetta, Alice and Katie. William 
is a very prominent architect in Pittsburgh, Pa., 
and drew the plans for the handsome Methodist 
Kpiscopal Church in this city. The family are all 
members of that denomination, where they are re- 
garded as among it;; most etlicicnt members. 


L. HOFFMANN. From the very earliest ages 
the art of preparing the compounds that 
arrest and remove pain and heal the sick 
has been regarded as among the highest of 
human functions, and thus it is that so much in- 
terest and importance attach to the calling of the 
druggist in our own day. Among the leading and 
most reliable memljers of the pharmaceutical pro- 
fession in the count3- may be named Mr. J. L. 
Hoffmann. This gentleman was born in Piqua.Ohio, 
(in the 2i>th of April, 1841), and he inherits the 
sturdy, honest blood of German ancestors. 

His father, John P. Hoffmann, was born in Sax- 
ony, Germany, and there followed the occupation 
of a brewer. In 1847, about three years after his 
marriage, he took pa.'^sage at Hamburg for America, 
and after being nine weeks on the landed 
in the harbor of New York City. He came direct 
to Findlay. Ohio, and from there by wagon to 
Piqua. passing through a very new and wild 
country on the trip. He worked at his trade as 

brewer for some time, but later bought a small 
farm and branched out as an agriculturist. His 
death occuned in 1880, when fifty-eight years of 
•age. He was a Lutheran in religion. His wife, 
whose name was formerly Anna M. Schneyer, was 
a native of Saxony, Germany, and she is now a 
resident of Piqua, Ohio. She also holds member- 
ship in the Lutheran Church. 

.1. L. Hoffmann is the elder (if two children. 
His sister, JLiry E., married Charles \Vuod. and 
resides in Piqua. Our subject attended the puiili(; 
schools of his native town during his boyhood 
days, and when sixteen years of age began clerk- 
ing in a dry-goods store in Piqua. Later, he clerked 
in a grocery store, and in 1869 he entered a drug 
store as clerk, remaining there three years. In 
1872, he went to Cincinnati, clerked in a drug 
store there for a short time, and in the fall of that 
year he came to New Bremen, where lie purchased 
a drug stock and started out in business for him- 
self. Five j'ears later, he moved into the building 
he now occupies,a two-story brick, fronting AYasb- 
ington Street, where he carries a stock of fresh, 
pure drugs and chemicals, toilet articles, perfum- 
ery, druggist's sundries, etc. 

In the fall of 1872, he was united in marriage 
to Miss Anna M, Koester, a native of Piqua, Ohio, 
and the daughter of John Koester, who was born 
in Hanover, Germany, and who came to America 
and located at Piqua, where he became a prominent 
citizen. He is now in the grocery business there, 
and met with much success. The mother is also 
living. To Mr. and Mrs. Hoffmann have been born 
four interesting children: John A., Lillie, John L. 
and George Walter. Mr. Hoffmann casts his vote 
with the Republican party, in whose principles 
and practices he unbounded faith, and he takes 
a leading and influential part in all political affairs. 
He has been a delegate to county conventions, 
and IS a hard worker for his party. Socially, he 
is a member of the Knights of Pythias and the 
I ndependent Order of Odd Fellows, being Treasurer 
of the last-named organization. 

In 1886, he and Mr. Negust erected a grain ele- 
vator and dealt in grain until the fall of 1887, 
when our subjeet sold his interest to Jay it Co. 
He owns stock in the New Bremen Tri-County 



Fair Associnlinn. ami i> a memlHT of tlie Ohio 
Slati' Pliarraai-outioal Association, boinsr rtirres- 
poiulout for Aii!il:u7.o County. Tliis association lio 
jointvl in 18#i. 

HCinnAI.n FINI.AY has given full proof 
of the value of his citizenship, not only l>y 
liis patriotic conduct as a brave and ami- 
pet'ont soldier during the trying times of 
the rebellion, but also by his coui-se since the war 
closed as a practical farmer who has helped to in- 
cre.isc theagricultural interestsof Auglaize County, 
thus adding to iti wealth and importance, by his 
hard but well-directed lalioi-s in the improvement 
of his farm, which lies on section 27. Salem Town- 

Mr. Finlay born in Medina C'niuity, Sept- 
ember ii. lSo9, and is a representative of one of 
the pioneer families of the State. Ilis father, Wi 11- 
iam Finl:«y, w:ib a native of Ireland, boru in tli:it 
country in ISU. He was a son of Adam Finlay. 
who brouglit his family to America in 1823, and be- 
airae a pioneer family of Wayne County, this Slate. 
He had followed the trade of a weaver in Ireland. 
He lived to be nearly ninety-nine years old. 

William Finl.ay w.os one of seven children, and 
he was twelve years old when the family emigrated 
to America. He grew up amid pioneer scenes, and 
in due time began life for himself .as a farmer, be- 
comina t'..e proprietor of a good farm on the line 
Ixjlween Medina and Wayne Counties, which he 
developed into one of the l>est farms in the neigh- 
borhood, working hard to accomplish his purpose. 
15y his untimely death in 1872. caused by a tree 
falling on him while he was in the wfx^ds, his com- 
munity wa.- deprived of a citizen who was greatly 
respected. He was a Presbyterian, and stanch in the 
faith of his fathers. His wife w;is S:irali Ferguson. 
and both she and her parent-S were natives of 
Pennsylvania. She departed this life in !><(!:!. 

The subject of this notice is the second of a 
familv of ten children, of whom Ihree are deceased. 

He received n very good education in the district 
schools, which he attended until lie was twentv 
years old. he being an apt seliolai- and fond of his 
studies, lie remained an inmate of tlio parental 
home until he arrived at that age, helping his father 
in his farm work when he was not at school. In 
March, I86l), he began his independent career, 
leaving his native place and coming to Auglaize 
County to seek a situation as a farm hand, at which 
employment he was engaged two and a half years. 
In .Vngust, 1802, he enlisted in Company K, One 
Hundred and Eighteenth Ohio Infantry, and not 
long after was lighting side by side with other of 
the noble sons of this State that slie sent to the 
fiont to do their (iuty in defending the Stars and 
Strijies. lie went out with his regiment, and came 
home witli it at the close of the war, having in the 
meantime experienced in a full measure many of 
the hardships and trials of a soldier's life in its 
various phases. The One Hundred and Eighteenth 
Ohio spent the first six months of active service 
in Kentucky, where our subject did scout duty 
with others of his comrades. The next move was 
to Eastern Tennessee, where they were with Gen. 
I'lUrnside. and did gallant service at the siege of 
Knoxville. The regiment won a fine reputation 
for it.-i lighting qualities, making itself very useful 
all through the Atlanta eaini)aign that followed. 
and made its mark in the battle of Fianklin and 
in numerous other engagements with the enemy. 
The was at length brought to a close and our 
subject and his fellow-soldiers gladly laid down 
their arms at Salisbury, N. C, where they were 
mustered out, receiving their final discharge at 
Cleveland .July 9, 18G,i. 

When he left the army, Mr. Finlay returned to 
Auglaiae Count}', and purch.asing his present farm 
in .Salem Township, has been pros|)erously engaged 
in farming and in raising stock ever since. He 
has one hundred and forty acres of choice farming 
land, and nearly all of it has been eleare<l and 
pl.aeed in a. high slate of cultivation Ijy his luue- 
milting toil, and he can now take life more easily, 
with a g(K)d income to place its comforts and en- 
joyments within his reach. He has erected neat 
and commodious buildings on his farm, and 
everything in a fine condition. He llnds a good 



source of profit in the stock of various kinds that 
lie raises, having well-selected breeds, which always 
command a ready sale. Mrs. Finl.iy is also a prop- 
ertj'owner, having sixty acres of fine land on sec- 
tion 26. 

Mr. Finl.iy was first married in 1867 to Miss 
Samantha McMilne, a native of Pennsylvania. 
Their wedded life thougli happy was brief, as !Mrs. 
Finlay died in 1870, leaving one child, Ida, now 
the wife of Gus .'^ears, of Spencerville. Our sub- 
ject was again married in 1871, taking as his wife 
Mr,«. Eliza J. I.ongworth, nee 3Iork, a native of 
Faj-ette County. Three children have been born 
to them : Frances, deceased ; ^Martha R. an d Mary E. 

Mr. Finlaj-'s military record is commemorated 
by his membership with the Grand Army of the 
Republic, and he further social relations with 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and with 
the Farmers' Mutual Benefit Association. In poli- 
ties, he is a f.aithful Republican. His religious 
views find expression in the creed of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, of which both he and his wife 
are highly esteemed members, and he been 
Steward thereof for several years, always taking a 
deep inteiest in church matters and in all things 
tliat will in anv wav benefit the CDUinuuiitv. 

'jl' OIIN B. COWGILL. ( >ne of the most prom- 
I inent and well-to-do agriculturists of Zane 
j^l I Township. Logan County, Ohio, who is as 
'A^j/' conspicuous for his progress and enterprise 
as for his intelligence and ability, isho whose name 
is at the head of this sketch. He has one of the 
neatest and coziest rural homes and one of the 
finest farms in the county, the house standing back 
from the pike about a quarter of a mile, and three 
miles south and east of 'West Middleburgh. 

Tlie grandfather of Mr. Cowgill, .John Cowgill. 
was a native of that grand old State, Virginia, and 
left that .State for Ohio nt a very early date. lie 
was one of the very firet settlers of Zane Township, 
and he fulhiwed :ii.'ricultiii:ii puuuils there, clear- 

ing the land and making possible the pleasant 
homes of to-day. On this farm, he passed the re- 
mainder of his d.ays. Ilis son, Elisha Cowgill, f.a- 
ther of our subject, was born in Columbiana 
County, Ohio, and was brought to Logan County 
by his parents when about a year old. Hero he 
was married to Miss Mary Bishop, a native of Lo- 
gan County, and a daughter of John Bishop, who 
was a Virginian and one of tlie early pioneers of 
Logan County. After marriage, Mr. and Mrs. 
Cowgill settled in L'nion County-, but the father 
died in County when seventy-eight years of 
age. The mother is still living and resides on 
a good farm west of that of her son, John B. 
Cowgill Ten children were born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Cowgill, six daughters .ind four sons; nine grew to 
j'cars of discretion, and five are living at the pres- 
ent time. 

Our subject was born in l'nion County, Allen 
Township, Ohio, September 15, 1835. being the 
fourth child and eldest son of the .above-men- 
tioned children. He remained under the parental 
roof until 1864, when he hastened to the defense 
of an imperiled county, and enlisted in Company 
K, One Hundred and Thirty-second Ohio Infan- 
try. He was in service about four months and was 
discharged on the 10th of September, 1864, after- 
ward returning to Union County, where he re- 
mained with his parents until marriage. On the 
14th of April, 1867, he married Miss Anna Sharp. 
daughter of John and Alcy (Bowker) Sharp, and 
afterward located in Logan County, the same 
township, where he remained two yeai-s. From 
there, he removed to L'nion County, made his 
home there eight }eai-s and then located on the 
farm where he now lives. He has met with unusual 
success in all his enterprises and is well known as 
a substantial man and a representative citizen. 

He has a farm of two hundred and five acres in 
Zane Township, this counts, eighty acres in I'liicm 
Count}- just .across the line, and is actively lugaged 
in farming and stock-raising. His son has the rented and does most of tlie farininir. Mr. 
Cowgill built his present residence in 1881 at a 
cost of 52,000, and everything about the place in- 
dicates a thrifty and progressive owner. He ha> 
a fine barn. 50x10 feet, erected in 18,su. .Mr. Cow- 

rOKTli.Vrr and lUOGIi^VPlUCAL recoiid. 

gill IS .H KopublicAU in politics and his fii-st Prosi- 
(lonlial vote w;u> c:i*t for A. Ho i>:i luom- 
bor of llio >lotho<li>t Kpisi-op:»I CUuroli. i> Mowni^l 
in the s;»uie :mu1 w:is Supoiintoinlrnt v( llio Niiii- 
ilav-schix>l for some time, lie i.- aetivo in all re- 
lii:ious matters and is a lil'enil eontiibiitoi to tins 
cUnroh. Two ehild|-en were born of lli^ niarriai:e. 
Klislia .lohn and Marv A., both inoiniiu-nt vouml: 
people of their neiglitK>rhood. 

ENNIS DENNY. The pari of 
the conitnunity is its bone and sinew, from 
which come the strength and vigor neces- 
sary to carry ou the affairs of manuf.icture, com- 
merce and State. AVhen the farming peojilc arc 
composed of men and women of cour.age, enter- 
prise, intelligence and integrity, prosperity will at- 
tend all departments of activity, and thi.- i~ pio- 
eminently the case in I.ogan County. 

Mr. Denny is one of the most prdniinonl 
farmers in McArthur Township, I.ogan County, 
Ohio, and is a man highly esteemed and respected 
in the community. He w.^s originally from South 
Charleston. Clarke County, Ohio, born on the Ttli 
of February, l?3o, and the son of .John ami J.u- 
cinda (.James) Denny, natives of Alleghany 
County. I'a., and Ohio respectively. The grand- 
father, Dennis Denny, was a native of County 
Donesal, Ireland, and came to America shortly 
after the Kevolutionary War. He located on Coal 
Hill, where Alleghany City now stands, and tliere 
tilled the soil for some time. In the year 1816, 
he moved to Warren County, Ohio, then two 
years later to Clarke County, and settled near 
.S.>uth Charle:-ton. He bouglil Government laml. 
settled in the woods, and Ixcame prominently idi'u- 
tified with the farming interests of the count}'. 
There his death occurred. He was a member of 
the Catholic Church. He married Miss Eunice 
Mcl-au2hlin, a native of Ireland, who had come 
to .\inerica wiieu a young girl, and to llii= union 

were born two d.aughters and one .son: .John, 

M;u\ .\. and S.irah. Mi-s. l)enny was a mon\ber 
of Iho ( atholic Churrh for many years, but in 
the latter part of her life slir became a >Iotli- 

The father of our subject followed the orcu- 
palion to which he had been reared, faiining, .-md 
was f(.iurteeu years of age when he canu' to ( )hio. 
The family made the trip in a wagon and first set- 
tled in Warren County. Eater, they removed to 
Clarke County, and there found plenty of Indians, 
ah-io many wild animals, but Mr. Denny cared little 
for hunting, .\fter growing to mature years, he 
bought out the heirs to his father's farm and 
made his lioiiie there until 1837, when he settled 
on the farm in this county on the 30tli of Maich, 
of that year. Tlie eounlry was wild and unset- 
•tlcd. neighbor^ were few and scattering, and there 
was but (Mie farm between his place and the 
county farm. But fifteen acres were cleared then, 
and only a few log buildings had been erected 
when he bought the farm. He was a hard worker, 
an excellent farmer and stock-de.aler, and a man 
whose estini:ible (jualities of mind and heart won 
many friends. At the time of his death, which 
occurred on the 2.'Jth of September, 1889, he was 
the owner of two liundred and forty acres of land 
and a most comforUdile and pleasant home. 'There 
was no belter judge of stock in the county than 
Ml. Deiinv, and he wrus an extensive stock-dealer. 
He was a very strict Methodist and always took 
an active interest in church nialters. lie wa> a 
liberal contributor to the su|iporl of llu^ church 
and was Steward for fifty year.i. In politics, he 
was a Whig, later a Republican, and. |iievioiis to 
the war, wa.s a strong Abolitionist. His marriage 
resulted in the birth of six children, but only two 
grew to mature yeai-s: .James, deceased; Dennis, 
.Sarah; Richard. .John and Levi, deceased. The 
mother of these children died in 181,i. She was 
a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
.Vfter her death, the father married Miss Rebecca 
Robert-son, a native of Ohio, who died two years 
later. Our subject's maternal grandfather, Rich- 
ard .James, was a native of Virginia, but came to 
Ohio in IHOO. and settled in Warren Counly. The 
journey wa-S made by team and through an alnic;st 



unbroken wilderness. A number of years later, 
he removed to Clarke County, Ohio. He was in the 
War of 1812, and assisted in building a block 
house in Richland Tovvnsliip, this county, on what 
is now the farm of A. C. McClure. He was a 
farmer and developed a fine tract of land in Clarke 
County, but later sold out and went to Crawford 
County, III., where he resided with his son until 
liis death, when eightj'-threc years of age. His 
wife lived to be ninety-eiglit years of age. The 
.James family was of Welsh descent 

Dennis Denny, the subject of this sketch, re- 
ceived his scholastic training in the primitive log 
schoolhouse of pioneer days, and the first one he 
entered had the open fire-place, slab seats with pin 
legs, and for a writing-desk a board placed on 
pegs driven into the wall served the purpose. He 
assisted liis father on the farm, and in 1852 he 
entered the Ohio Wes]e3'an University, at Dela- 
ware, where he took select studies for two years. 
After finishing, he returned home and assisted in 
agricultural pursuits until the breaking out of the 
Civil War. On the 24th of August, 1861, he en- 
listed in Company G, First Ohio Infantry, was 
mustered in near Da\ton, Ohio, and placed in the 
Army of the Cumberland. He served three years. I 
He first went to Louibville, Ky., and his first en- i 
gagement was at Pittsburgh Landing. Afterward 
he was at Stone River, Perrysville Chattanooga, . 
Chickamauga, Missionary Rulge, siege of Knox- 
ville, Resaca. Buzzard's Roost, and all the en- 
gagements on that campaign. He mustered \ 
out on the 7th of September, 186-1, at Columbus, 
Ohio. Our subject went out as a private and w,is 
made Sergeant at Camp Cornin. Later, he was I 
promoted to the Second Lieutenancy at Pittsburgh • 
Landing and First Lieutenant at Nashville, Tenn. ; 
He carried himself through that bloody epoch of 
history in a manner to win the admiration of his 
comrades and superior otticers. 

Returning home, our subject married, on 
the 30th of March, 1865. to Miss Sarah A. Nichols, 
a native of .'^helby County, Ohio, born April 5, 
1812. The fruits of this union have been four 
children, three of whom are living: John W., Lu- , 
cinda D. and Nellie B. The first and hist are 
students in the Ohio WcsK-yaii Cniversity, and j 

Lucinda was graduated from the Art Department 
in 1891. Our subject owns the home farm of 
two hundred and forty acres and has four liuii- 
dred acres of land in Stokes Township, ail im- 
proved. He uses it principally for pasture and 
makes a specialty of raising fat stock. He has 
bought .and sold a many cattle and hogs, 
and has shipped some to Buffalo, N. Y. He thinks 
now of dealing more extensively in sheep. He 
has made most of his money out of stock. lie 
farmed in partnership with his father until the 
latter's death, and it was during the time of their 
partnership that they built our subject's fine brick 

Mr. Denny has one of the best farms in the 
township, plenty of running water on it, and 
everything about the place indicates the owner to 
be a man of enterprise and progress. He is highly 
esteemed in the communit3-, h-as helped to settle 
a number of estates, and was guardian for one 
child. He and his familj' are members of the 
Pleasant Grove Methodist Episcopal Church, and 
he takes an active interest in it. He has assisted 
in building two churches and is prominent in all 
religious matteis, and has been Superintendent of 
the Sunday-school for many yeai-s. He is an ar- 
dent adv(X'ate of the principles of the Republican 
party, has been Township Trustee, .and lias held 
other local offices, lie is a member of Boggs' 
Post No. 518, G. A. R.. at Huntsville. 

^^ EORGE VAN OSS. Our history as a people 
IJl ,- — is full of examples of what can be accom- 
'Vi^ plished by ambitious and intelligent .young 
men, whose only fortune at first consists of irood 
health, energy, integrity and firmness of purpose. 
In fact, a large proportion of our best citizens 
have been the scions of poverty, not wealth. 
They have had to work while studying, and have 
had to learn to deny themselves in youth that thev 
might have fame and world's plenty in the closini;- 
days of life. Among those self-made men whose 


roKi'UAir ANP BionuAriiu'A 



reputation assubstanti.-il :miiI pri'^ivssivo luon places 
them Riuoiii: llio l>o<t in the oouiilv. is Mi. (u-oiijo 
Van Oss. who sorvtMl no:\ily oiirht _vo:ii-j :is County 
C'oiumissionoi' ;iiul i^ now pionunontlv nirntionoil 
a> a oaiu1i<i;ito for I'lobnto .Itui^i' in 1S;1.'>. 

Horn in Ilollaml on tho l-*t of .Tan nary. 1."<I1. 
Mr. \"an Os* i> the ^i^>n of Thooiioro Van (K<. also 
a native of Holland, «lio foilOHi'il tlio brick in:uion's 
ti-niU" in his native cotuury until>. wlu ii he 
i-amo with his family to America, 'riiey were 
thirty-tivc days in cros.<inir. and after landinir m 
New York City, they came direct to Minster. .\u- 
jjlaize County, <.>hio, whore the father is residing at 
the (iresent tune. He is a niembcr of the Catholic 
Church, and his wife also holds membership in the 
same, lie has been a member of the council in 
this town and is a man universally respected for 
his estimable <iualities. lie is the father nf six 
children, all of whom are living. 

The original of this notice, the eldest of the 
above-mentioned family, attended the common 
schools of Holland and after coming to Min- 
ster received a gooil practical education in that 
town, attending evening school for three years to 
get his English education. When Hflecn years of 
age. he V>egan working with his father, learned the 
trade of brickl.aying, and when twenty-one years 
of .ige entered into partnership with his father. 
After this, the firm commenced contr.acting and 
bnilding and continued in partnership until 1882, 
erecting a great many churches, etc., when at that 
date our subject was elected County Commissioner 
of Auglaize County. He devoted all his time to 
that position and fdled it in such an able an<l elli- 
cient manner that he w•,^s elected f(^r the .second 
term and also tilled two unexpired terms, making 
seven years and alxiut seven months in all. Be- 
sides locating a great many roads and ditches, 
more than half the fine turnpikes in the iniinty 
were constructed during his administration. Many 
bridges Were also constructed, includinir two lino 
onc-s spanning the .'^t. MaryV Uiver at M. Mary's. 

One week from the expiration of his term as 
County Commissioner, on the first Monday in 
l-'*;io. he Ixcame a partner in the Citizens" I'ankat 
Minster. Ohio. He h.i.- -ince ixcupicd the respon- 
-iljle po-itioii i.f Cashier of the bank and h well 

fitted for his position. In the year 186."), he mar- 
ried Miss Bernadina .\ll)ers, a native of Minster, 
Ohio, whose parent.s died of cholera when she was 
but a child. Mrs. Van Oss passed (juietly away in 
the spring of 18()7, leaving one child, 'I'lieiKUire. 
In the fall of I8t!X, Mr. Van O.^^s was wedded to 
Miss Caroline Bergman, who was born in Minster, 
Ohio, and whose parents, natives of (ierinanv, 
were early .seltlei-s in tliis lor.-dity. To Mr. and 
Mr-. \an ( ).-s liave been horn ten children, as fol- 
lows: M:u-y. Henry, .lohn. Oeorge. Ste|ihen .\.. 
Catherine, liosie. Anthony, .\melia, and .Inlius. .\^ 
a Democrat. Mr. ^'.■ul Oss is well known through- 
out the county and stands high in the regard of 
his party. He has been a delegate to county, dis- 
trict and State conventions, and has been a ineni- 
ber of the Minster Council two terms. He was 
Clerk of the township two years and is at pre>enl 
a member of the ,*^chool Board. 

AMUEL A. HOSKINS is not only well 
known in Wapakoneta and in the vicinity 
round about, but his name has become fa- 
miliar to those in other parts .as a inenilKi 
of the liar and a prominent attorney. He born 
in Tuion County, this .'>tate, March 5, 1803, to 
.l.acob Vi'. and Martha (Newhonse) Ho,skins. 

The father of our subject, who was a mini>li-rof 
the Christian Tnion denomination, occupying the 
pulpit during the greater part of his life, died in 
November. 1881. By his tinion with Miss New- 
house was liorn one son and two daughters, one 
of whom died in infancy. As an intelligent and 
proirressive genllem:in. he drew around him a 
pleasant circle of fiiends. 

Samuel A. Hoskins, of this sketch, was reared in 
his native county and piusucd his primary studies 
in the public schools. His life as a student 
marked by extreme diligence, and in 1887 he was 
'graduated from the Ohio Normal I'liiversity of 
.■\da with the degi'ce of .\. 1',. After r-eceiving his 
iliploma from that school young llo.skins lauglil 




for two 3'ears in whicli occupation, he was veiy 
successful. During the ten years of his life as a 
student, he taught school and attended college 
alternately, his teaching being the only means of 
getting an education. 

Having determined to follow the profession of a 
lawyer, our subject began reading with Powell, 
( >\vcn A- Ricketts, a prominent law firm of Cohnn- 
luis. ( )liio. and later going to Cincinnati, took a 
cctui>e in the law school in tliat city and was ad- 
mitted to tlie Bar in 18D0. Then going. South, Mr. 
Hoskins traveled for a short period and in October 
in the above j'ear located at Wapakoiieta.where he 
he has built up a practice far beyond his expecta- 
tions. He is a young man of fine ability, and as 
an advocate he is precise, careful, earnest and often 
eloquent. He is a close reader of human nature, 
never becomes excited, but acts after mature delib- 

.•September 10, IS'JO, Miss Clara Hamilton, of 
Richwood, Ohio, became the wife of our subject 
and to them has l)een Ixiru one son, George Owen. 
They are members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Clnu'ch. and have a beautiful home in the city. 

,F.V. A. K. IIOWBKHT, 1). D. On the op- 
posite page appears the portrait of one of 
the most talented and able ministers of Lo- 
gan County, who fdr many years lieen 
pastor of the Lutlieran Church at liellefontaine. 
Not only by his cimgi-egation, but b\ ail who en- 
joy the pleasure of his acquaiiitanie. lie is held in 
high esteem as a devoted laborer in the vinevard 
of the Lord. 

The lirst representatives of the llowbert family 
in America probably came from the Xorth of 
France, and. after emigrating, settled in Philadel- 
phia. I'a.. where they occupied prominent po>i- 
ti(;ns, some as doctors, others as te.achei-s. and a 
few .as ministers. The paternal grandfather of our 
subject. George Howbert, a soldier in the licv- 

olutionar^- War, and died while residing in Vir- 
ginia. His business talents were of a hiuh order, 
and he successful in carrying on a laii^e hotel 
and wagon stand. 

The father of our subject, .Jacob Howbert, par- 
ticipated in the War of LS12, and during most of 
his life followed the occupation of a farmer. In 
183.5. he removeii to Ohio, and thence, in ISl.^, 
went to Bartholomew County, Ind., the removal 
being made on account of his strong opposition to 
slavery. To his sons he predicted that "God will 
|)unish this nation on account of this curse, and 
this punishment will likely result in the flow of 
blood. I will not live to see it, but you probablv 
will." His wife bore the maiden name of Mar- 
garet Locke, and they were the parents of seven 
sons and si.\ daughtei-s, of whom two sons and 
three daughters are still living. 

The third in the parental family was the subject 
of this sketch, who was born in Roanoke Countv. 
Va., June 2, 182.). After an attendance for some 
time in the commo)i schools, he entered the Penn- 
sylvania College at Gettysburg, from which in- 
stitution he was graduated in the literary course. 
Afterward coming to Ohio, he took a theological 
course in the seminary at Springfield, and had the 
honor of receiving his diploma vdth the first class 
graduated from that institution. His first chart^e 
was at Louisville, Ky., from which place he re- 
turned to this State, .and for nine years was pastor 
of the Lutheran Church at Bncyrus. 

While residing at Bucyrus, the Civil War broke 
out, and Dr. Howbert appointed Chaplain of 
the Eighty-fourth Regiment, serving through the 
entire war as a member of fieii. Todd's staff. In 
addition to this, he held a Christian Commis- 
sion from the association, and during the war 
traveled at le,ast fifty thousand miles, becom- 
ing familiar with all the movements of the arm v. 
At the close of the war. Jie came to lielle- 
fontaine through the inlhience of his old friend, 
.ludge William Lawrence. Since coming here, he 
has been p.a.stor of the Lutheran Church, and has 
organized four churches in Logan Countw which 
have [H'ospered under his faithful guidance, lie 
also s])eiit twi. years .-il Colorado Spring-^. Ci>lii.. 
during whirli tiiiu' he hail charge of the flnircli 



iliere. His brother 'Williara was an influeutinl 
minister in Coloniilo, and was Chaplain to the first 
Territorial Leijislatuiv, while a si>ii of that >;onth>- 
nian. Hon. F.rvin Hovvl>ert, i? tlie well-known and 
wealthy Senator from that State. 

The first marriasre of Dr. Howbcrt united him 
with Mis.* Mary Mitchell Forcy. of New Carlisle. 
(">hio. who died ahout 1SJ4, and the two children 
lH>rn of the union are also deceased. JIarcli 5. 
18^)7, he married S;irah A. Helwig.a native of Ham- 
ilton County. Ohio. Unto them been born 
one child. D. Todd, now of Colorado .'^[)rings. Tlie 
parents of Mrs. Howbort were Peter and Leah 
(.lacoby) Helwig. natives of renusylvania. who 
came to Ohio at an early day, and located in But- 
ler County. The father was a farmer by occupa- 
tion, and he and his wife reared three sons and 
four daughtei-s. the former of whom are de- 

The degiec of Doctor of Divinity con- 
ferred upon the Rev. Mr. Howbert by the Western 
Collegiate Institute in 1890. In addition to his 
duties as p-astor, he finds time for considerable lit- 
erary work, and is the author of a book entitled, 
■•The Reminiscences of the 'War," which contains 
about four hundred pages chronologically ar- 
ranged, and relating to the history of the condicl 
from Ijeginning to end. The stj-le of writing is 
fascinating, and the work has a wide circulation 
throughout the .States. Dr. Howbert now { 1892) has 
the manuscript for a volume devoted to the secret 
service during the war, which, when published, 
will form a valuable addition to our literature. 
AmoDZ the relics of war times which the Doctor 
most prizes is some Confederate money, and he other interesting souvenirs of those dark d.ajs. 

Dr. Howbert is President of the Rocky Moun- 
tain .'^ynod. which embraces Colorado and Wyo- 
ming, and is Financial Secretary of the Jlinisters' 
Invalid Home, which is located in the "Garden of 
the Gods." Seeing the need of a place where in- 
valid ministers might recuperate, he originated 
the idea of the "Home." and secured from his 
nephew. Hon. F. W. Howbert. a most beautiful 
plot of ground, compri.'ing twenty acres, at Colo- 
rado S|(rii.L'-. ''H which .■■iiitablc biiildiii;.;-^ arc to 
'•» erected in the near future. In couueclion 

therewith, it is proposed to condiiol a school 
for lK)ys, and at the hist mooting of the Board of 
Trustees, Dr. Howbert was elected SuiuMintondeiil 
and Financial Secretary. This work ho hopes to 
make the ci owning .act and culmination of his 
eventful life, and it is safe to .say that through it 
: his name will be handed down to posterity as that 
j of a benefactor of mankind. 

I At one time Dr. Howbert served .as President of 

I the Board of Trustees of Wittenberg College, and 

' during the erection of that structiiro. ho and the 

j daughter of (Jon. Anthony laid tho fust two 

I bricks on the northeast corner of the building. An 

earnest, large-hearted man, unselfishly devoted to 

the interests of others, he takes part in many 

charitable enterprises, and his constant deeds and 

words of kindness have won the friendship of all 

who know him. 


R. JAMES L. SCOIT. the popular and 
skillful young dentist of St. Mary's, has 
already won a good standing in his pro- 
fession, and is in the enjoyment of a fine 
pr.actice. He is a native of Defiance Countj-, and 
was born M.ay 5, 18(57. His father was Mathow 
Scott, who was a Pennsjlvanian by birth, and canio 
to Ohio to cast in his lot with the pioneers of De- 
fiance County when it was ((uite new and sparsely 
settled. He was a farmer, and became one of tho 
prominent men of his calling, and an infiucntial 
citizen of his community. He purchased a tract 
of land, which he cleared and developed into a 
valuable farm. His death in 1878 was a blow l<i 
the best interests of his township, and the United 
Brethren Churcli lost one of its most zealous mem- 
bers, who had worked to promote its growth for 
maiiv jears. His wife survives him. She bore the 
maiden name of .Sarah Menear, and is of Scotch 

Our subject, who is the youngest of nine ciiil- 
dioii. of whnin eight are living, was brought U|) on 
a farm under good home inlluences. lie wius early 



sent to the district school, where he obtained the 
preliminaries of a liberal education, which con- 
tinued in the High School at Hicksviile. from 
which he was graduated in 1888. with a high i-ank 
for scliolarsiiip. He had previously determined to 
make dentistry his profession, and had already ac- 
(juired considerable knowledge of it in thcolliceof 
u well-known practitioner at Celina. After his 
graduation from school, he returned to his former 
instructor's office, and completed his dental stud- 
ies. Having tlius thoroughly familiarized him- 
.-elf with the details of his chosen vocation, he 
practiced it at Celina a short time, and then lo- 
cated at Speneerville. whence became to St. Mary's 
in 1891. He fitted up neat and attractive dental 
parhub with all the modern conveniences, and 
Willi the finest instruments known to his profes- 
sion, and has met with marked success in securing 
a lucrative practice, as he soon found favor with 
the people, who learned when they patronized him 
tiiat he was not only skillful and dexterous in the 
use uf hi> instiuments, hut was careful and consid- 
erate with his patients. He is a young man of fine 
pre:ronce. of good address, and is invariabh' court- 
eous and pleasant in bis intei-course with all with 
whom he comes in contact, either in a business, or 
in a social, way. 

The Doctor was married January 18, 1891, to 
Miss Mary Hayes, a native of Rockford, Ohio, and 
they have a charming home. (!)ur subject stands 
with the Republicans in (lolitical matters, and his 
Social relations arc with the Knights of, of 
which order he is an ardent suppurter. 

lAHLKS CHL'RCIHLI.. It i- cmly natural 
"■_. that when st.artiiig out U_, tight life's battles 

for hiin:~elf, Mr. Churchill sliould .select 
agricultural pursuits as his chosen occupation, for 
he has been trained to the duties of tlie farm from 
early boyhood, and perfectly familiar with all 
its details. lie is now a prominent l.and-owner of 
this county, having eighty acres of tine fanning 

land in Clinton Township, and he and liis wife 
own considerable residence property in Sidne\'. 

Our subject was born in Parslppanv, Morris 
County, N. J., on the I9th of September, 1819, and 
his parents, 'William S. and Mary (Johnson) Church- 
ill, were natives of the same countw Tilt parents 
cultivated the soil in their native countv until 
1814, and then decided to move to the Bucke\e 
State and liy their hand at agricultural pursuiLs 
here. Tliey purchased the farm which our sub- 
ject now owns, and there spent the balance of 
I their days. Both were highly esteemed, and were 
honoiable, upright citizens, a credit to any neigh- 

As our subject came to Shelby County with his 
I parents in 1844. he has resided here for nearh" 
j fifty years, and no man is held in higher estima- 
i tion b\- his neighbors. Honorable and upright in all 
his transactions, he fully merits tlie esteem in which 
j he is held. After reaching mature years, our subject 
' was married to Miss Harriet Van Ness, a native of 
New Jersey, who liore him six children, only one 
now living, Anna, wife of .Kihn C. Stipp. of Clin- 
ton Township, this county. After the celebration 
of his nuptials, 'Sly. Churchill rem^jved to Union 
County, Ind., and there resided for eleven vears. 
There he called upon to part with his wife. 

After her death, or .about 18.36, Mr. Churchill 
returned to Shelby County, ()hio, and altliough he a wagon-inaker by trade, and had followed 
that business in Indiana, after returning to Ohio, 
he turned his attention almost wholly to farming. 
His second marri.age was to Jliss Ellen Howard, of 
Indiana, who left no issue. On the 2d of Feb- 
ruary, 186.5. he married Miss Caroline Kain, his 
present wife, who was born in 'Williamsbnrgh. Clei- 
mont County, Ohio, March 8. 184."). Afterwanl. 
our subject continued farming until 1.s,h9, when 
he removed to town, where Mrs. Churchill owned 
a good residence besides five lots and three houses. 
One child has come to bless this union, a son. 
Charles H., who wa.s born in Turtle C reck Town- 
ship, October 26. 186.i. Mrs. Chuivhiirs par- 
ents, Thomas and .lane (McLean) Kain. w re V>oni 
in Clermont and I'.rown Counties. Ohio, respec- 
tively, and her father was a fanner by pursuit. 
From him. .Mrs. ( huii-hill received part of |r-v 


roKTKAlT AND llIDGUArUlCAl. liKlOlU). 

property. Both parents were mcnibors of tlic 
Metho«1ist Kpis<.'ojv»l Church. !\\u\ in this Mrs. 
Chuix-hill liolils nicnilx-rship too. The father «:i> 
.■> M.-v<on, .ind was » loaiiiug man in his vicinitv. 
Mr. and Mn>. Chmvhill's s<in. Charles II.. w!\s odii- 
o.itod in the lliirli ."v-liool of .'^i^^nov. ami is n<nv 
C'.-xshior of the Cincinnati. Hamilton A- Dayton Kail- 
nati. at Kind lay, Ohio. He filled that capacity in 
this city until abont six yeai-s ago, when he was 
promoted. Ho is a bright, thorough-going young 
man. Ho w^as niarrii-d to Mi.<5 Louisa Ziminei's, 
.•v>ptomber 17, ISSO. and they have had one child, 
William Lawrence, who born to them August 
1.1. ISim.and died September 17. 189 1. 


TSAAC B. HrFF.MAN. of Sidney, Ohio, is an 
excellent example of what can be acconi- 
piished when one possesses a thorough deter- 
mination to succeed in life, coupled with energy, 
perseverance, and intelligence. AVhat he has ac- 
cumulated in the w.ay of this world's goods is the 
result of his own good fighting qualities, and he 
deserves much credit for his industry and thor- 
oughness. He is a native of Ohio, born in St. 
Paris. Champaign County, on the 21st of Septem- 
lK?r. 1S:V^. and his parents, David and Hannah 
(.\ppl?) HutTman. were natives of Virginia and 
I'cnn.sylvania. respectively. At an early date, the 
parents to Champaign County, Ohio, and 
there '.he father followed the cooper trade until 
his death. He left a family of five children, four 
i-.f whom fought bravely in defense of the Stars 
and Stripes, and all were in the army at one tinie. 
viz: Abraham. I^a-ic 15. (our subject). Henry and 
Daniel. The youngest child was named Isaiah. 
After the death of the father, the mother married 
a Mr. 'riiatcher, of St. Pari>. where the mother 
still lives, beinL now over seventy ycai-s of age. 
()<\r subject wa.s fairly educated in the schools 
..f St. Pari-, and after the death of his rather 
was oblig"d to depend upon his own resources for 

a livelihood. M the early age of ten years, ho 
began to earn his own living, and from the 
ago of thiitcon until sovonleon he was .apiiron- 
ticed to a carpculcr, previous to that lime having 
been on a farm, ,\fler learning his trade, he car- 
ried it on. and liiially settled in St. Paris, where 
ho w.a,s engaged in tlie cnntrnctiiig aiul building 
bu^inoss for ,<onio lime. On tlio 'Jltli of August, 
l,si;i, hi' onlislcd ill Coiiipauy A. SocoikI ( )liin 
Inf.-iiilry. and was sent to iho .•\iiiiy of tlio 
Cumberland, (lartici paling in llio baltlos of West 
Liberty, Bridgeport, Ala.. I'iketown. Ky., I'l iry- 
ville, Ky., .Stone Kivcr, Tenii., Murfreoslioro, 
Chickamauga, Ga., Lookout Mountain, Tenn., 
Mission Kidgc, Kinggold, Ga., Buzzard's Boost, 
Tunnel Hill. Kocky-Face Bidge, Ga., Bosaca, Cia., 
Peach Tree Creek, and Hoover's Gap. lie was 
wounded, and thought to bo dead, at llio bat- 
tle of Chickamauga. He lay on the (icld from 
Saturd.ay night until Tuesday morning, refused to 
have his arm amputated, and was subsorptently 
shipped from Louisville to New Albany, where he 
soon began to recover, thus saving his arm as 
well. He was .also wounded in the chest, and still 
carries a number of scars in the upper part of his 
body. He receives a pension for total disability. 
He was faithful in the discharge of his duties, 
and no braver soldier trod the red turf of a battle- 

Beturning to St. Pans after the war, Mr. Huffman 
carried on the contracting business, not being able 
to work himself. In 1876, he moved to this cil3' and 
worked for a time, but found that his main busi- 
ness must be contracting. For the past six years 
he not been able to do any work. He 
erected a good, comfortable residence at No. 916 
Ponieroy Avenue, and has resided here ever since 
his location in the citj'. In his biisiness, as well as 
ill his social relations, ho conunands the respect 
and esteem of all. Socially, ho is a ini'mbor of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the An- 
cient Order of L'nited AVorknien. 

On the Jtli of May, 186.i, Mr. Huffman was 
united in marriage with Miss Laura C. Wilkins(jn, 
who was at that time residing in (^uincy, Logan 
(Ounty, Ohio, but who had previously resided in 
St. Paris, llvr father, John ('•. Wilkinson, was 



a strong Uuion man, and a Republican, and was 
obliged to sell his property on account of tliis. It 
was the design of the Southern sympathizers to 
prevent his voting for Lincoln, but they were dis- 
appointed in this, as he went early to the polls. 
Afterward, he went for three months, to keep 
awaj- from their vengeance. His daughter, Mrs. 
Huffman, had iucurred their enmity b^' feeding 
Union soldiers, and watched many nights, sleeping 
in the day time. She was born in Morrow County, 
Ohio, on the 10th of November, 1848. Four 
children have been born to this union, viz: Su- 
sannah Elma, wife of E. C. Runj'an, of this city, 
who has two children, Clara E. and Arthur; Em- 
ery Neil (deceased) ; Pearl A., who is still in school, 
and Alice May. Mr. and Mrs. Huffman are members 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and he has 
held membership for twenty-nine or thirty 3'ears. 

^ILLIAM ELLIOTT, a retired farmer liv- 
^/\/l/ ing on section 24, Clinton Township, 
'^'^ Shelby County, is one of the heroic vet- 
eran soldieis of the late war, who fought to put 
down the Rebellion, risking life and all that he held 
dear in order that the glorious Stars and Strijjes 
might float proudly over an undivided country. 
On returning from the army, Mr. Elliott won for 
himself an honorable place among the thrifty and 
industrious membei-s of the farming community 
of this township, and is now enabled to live re- 
tired from the active duties of life. 

A native of Pennsylvania, he of whom we write 
w.ij burn in Perry Township, January- 28, 1830, 
and is the son of James and Jeanette (Hart) 
Elliott, both natives of the same State and county 
in which their sou was born. The grandfather of 
our subject was born in Ireland, of Scotch-Irish par- 
entage, and there also his maternal grandfnther, 
Hugh Hart, born. The former emigrated from 
his native land and located in Pennsylvania, where 
the father of our subject was born in IT'J.J. 
The mother of our subject had her birlli in 1802, 

in the above-named county, wliere her parents lo- 
cated on coming to .\merica. 

James and Jeanette Elliott made their liome in 
their native State aft«r their marriage until 18.32, 
when they came to Ohio and located in Miami 
Count}'. Residing there a few years, they later 
came to Shelby County and made their home 
about oue riiile west of Sidney, where their decease 
occurred, the father dying in the fall of 1858, and 
the mother in January, 1883. They were the par- 
ents of a family of ten children, of whom our 
subject was the fourth in order of birth. 

William Elliott, of this sketch, accompanied his 
parents on their removal to this conntj-, and con- 
tinued to reside on the old homestead for fortv- 
eight years, or until 1888, when he removed to his 
present residence. In 1863, he enlisted in the 
Union army, joining Company I, One Hundred 
and Eighteenth Ohio Inf.antry, and was mustered 
in as First Lieutenant. His term of ser\ic-e havino- 
expired, he was re-elected in May, 18G4, in the one 
hundred days' service, and at Bermuda Hundred 
was attached to the One Hundred and Thirty-fourtli 
Ohio Regiment, and during the following four 
months saw much active service. In September of 
the above-named year, Mr. Elliott rctunied home 
and again engaged in agricultural pursuits, in 
which calling he has been very successful. 

October 2, 1882, Mr. Elliott and Miss Sarah R., 
daughter of James A. Wellb, were united in mar- 
riage. The lad^-'s father was born in Keene, N. 
H., in 1812, while her mother, wlio bore the 
maiden name of Sar.ah Robinson, was born about 
1818, in Martiusburgh, Va. The grandfather of 
;Mrs. Elliott was James Wells, Sr.; he came to 
this county about 1824, where her father grew to 
manhood, and married in Sidney. Her ma- 
ternal grandfather, Abraham Robinson, came to 
this county in an early day, and ranked among its 
well-to-do and respected citizens. James A. Wells 
was a surveyor by occupation, and followed that 
business until his death. He served ,as County Sur- 
veyor for many yeai-s, and died on the old home- 
stead north of Sidney about 1885; the mother, 
who preceded him to the better land by a number 
of yeai-s. died in 1875. leaving a family of two 
sons and four ilaughtcrs, of whom Mrs. Klliott was 



tlio second in order of birth, her n;it-;il day being 
KebruMV S, ISi;?. Her father was a member of 
the ritsbylerian Cliiirch, in which l>ody he was 
Klder for thirt_\-two yeni-s. 'I'lie grandfather of 
Mrs. KUioli w:is a soldier in the War of ISIJ. 
and parlicipateti in tlie tattles of l.umly's l.ano 
and ChipiK^na. 

Oar subject and his wife are |ironiinenl members 
of the Presbyterian (.hurch. and eonlribnte liber- 
ally to lis support. In stK-ial matlci-s, Mr. Klliolt 
is a member of Neal Post No. t!'.'. C<. A. K.. and as 
an active member of tlie Republican party, has 
s«'rved many years as 'l\>wnship Trustee. He ticcu- 
pies a handsome residence on his estate, and .is 
a man of good habits, and sound and sensible views 
on all subjects with which !ie is familiar, he is 
held in high estimation by his neighbors and 
friends. Our subject and his two sisters are all 
that arc now left of a family of ten ohildren. six 
sons and four dausrhteis. 

AI.VIN M. AVII.KIN.'^. Mr. Wilkins is n 
'j_ farmer of high repute and sliinding in An- 
^^ glaize Connly. His farm on sections 1:5 
and 24. .'^t. Mary's Township, is valuable for its 
productiveness and finely improved condition, and 
also on .account of iu situatinn within the natural 
gas belt, it being famous as the site of the first gas 
discovery in this region. This farm is tlic old 
homestead, on which he was born .hine 17. 18 1:*.. 
into one of the early pioneer families of the county. 
and he never left it for any other home. 

Belitha AVilkins, the father of our subject, was a 
native of Maryland, and he came to Ohio when Im 
was twenty-three years old. in the full lliish ami 
vigor of the opening years of a stalwart manhood. 
His father, .lames Wilkins, also a native of Mary- 
land, came to this State with him to liegin life 
anew in the wilderness, where the Indians still 
lived, and where wild animals not now found in 
this part of the country were then plentiful. lb- 
entered a tract of land in the woods in .^t. Marv's 

Township, Auglai/.c Cuiinly. and built a himso of 
logs that he hewed from trees that he cut on the 
very spot wlioie lie eiveted his humble pioneer 
dwelling. lie lived to see the surrounding couu- 
tiy tiaiisfoniu'd into a line farming region, which 
he liad hel|ied to (lr\ebip by reclaiming a goodly 
farm from the li.-mds of Nature, lie died in ISCi'i. 
aged eighty-f.iur years. When the War of \X\-> 
was waging, he entered tlie service and foiii;lii 
right gallantly for the maintenance cjf the jioiioi- 
of his country. 

Our subject's father, when he caim- to Auglaize 
Count}', selected a suitable locali(ui in St, Marv's 
Township, and built up here a very comfort-able 
home in the busy yeais that followed, which he 
never left until death called him hence in ISlil, 
when but tifty-four years of .age, scarcely past the 
meridian of life. He did valuable work as a pio- 
neer, helping to clear a good many aries of land. 
He '.vas expert in the use of the i ille, .inil brought 
down many a deer tleeing from liim with Hying 
feet, bird on the wing and other game. Both he 
and his wife were true Christian people, who were 
for many years among the most zealous members 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and were very 
strict in their religious observances. He was Class- 
leader in the church for more than twenty years. 
His wife, whose maiden name was KUen Sheppard, 
and who wxs a native of Athens County, wiis not 
long separated from him after he passed aw.ay, as 
her death occurred two days later than his, at the 
age of fort^-nine years. 

Calvin AVilkins is the eldest son in a family of 
seven children, of whom all are living. His rear- 
ing was amid pioneer environments, and his early 
education was such as was .afforded by the primi- 
tive schools of the time, taught in some old log 
cabin rented from its owner for a trivial sum, and 
furnished with slab seat.s, the only desk lieing a 
board placed against the wall on wooden jiins 
driven into the cracks between the loi;-. and an 
old-f.ashioned fireplace being u-ed for lieafin;; pur- 
poses. When he was twenty-one. he hail the mis- 
fortune to lose both his parents, and w;is left with 
three \oungcr brothers and sisters to care for. He 
continued to live with them on the old houu'stead, 
and nobly did his duty by his charges. He after- 



ward bougbt the farm of the other heirs, and has 
alwa_vs lived ou it in peace and contentment. It 
comprises one hundred and fifty acres of excellent 
land, in a good state of cultivation, and provided 
with substantial and neatly kept buildings, and all 
the appliances for carrying on farming profitably. 
It on this place that the Lima Natural Co. 
fii-st struck gas in this section of the country. 
There are now two good wells on the farm, and is piped from them to Lima. Besides this, it 
supplies his residence witli fuel and light, and is 
the source of a fine income. 

It was Mr. Wilkins' good fortune to secure a 
wife who li.os been a real helpmate and companion 
to him since their marriage in 18C8. Mrs. Wilkins, 
who bore the maiden name of Abigail Ramsey, is 
a native of Indiana, but is of the old pioneer 
stock of this State, to which her parents came as 
pioneers. The following are the names of the seven 
children that liave hallowed the union of our sub- 
ject and his wife: John R., Harry, Pierce, Ford. 
Abigail, Estella and Louise. 

Our subject is borne in the utmost respect by the 
people among whom his entire life boon passed, 
.as they knew him to be a man of irrepro.-ichablc 
morals, whose word is to be trusted, who is neigh- 
borly, cheerful and accommodating in his relations 
with others, and who, in short, lives up to the 
Christian faith that he professes as an esteemed 
member of the United Brethren Church, of which 
he is Trustee. His amiable wife is alsoa consistent 
member of that church. Politically, he is a Dem- 
ocrat, who always stood loyally by his party. 

Ir^R. M. F. IirsSEY, B. S.. C. F., .M. I)., is one 
It J! of the rising 3'oung physicians of Sidney. 
Jt^ wliere lie has been engaged lu the practice 
of his cliij<en profession since March, 1801. and 
his reputatioii as a lhc)rough student of med- 
icine and an lionnralile. upright man. is thor- 
oughly established. Tlie people have liad every 
chance to judge of his cliaracter and qualifica- 

tions, for he has been a resident of this county 
all his life, his birth occurring in Port .leffei-son, 
Shetbj- Countrv, on the 5th of .September, 1856. 

His father. Dr. S. C. Ilussey, of Port Joffei-son. 
Ohio, was one of tlie early physicians of this 
county, having located here in 1848. He was a 
son of Christopher Hussey, who was born in Tenn- 
essee, and moved to near .Jamestown, Oliio, in 
1807, where he followed farming. Dr. S. C. Hus- 
sey married Miss Ann Wical, a native of Bowers- 
ville. Ohio, and they roared a family of ten chil- 
dren, as follows: Thomas M., formerly a Sheriff of 
the county, now resides in Sidney; Dr. A. (de- 
ceased); John C, Clerk of the Court; Mary (de- 
ceased); Hester, wife of Oscar Malley, resides in 
Xenia, Ohio; Dr. M. P.. our subject; Emma (de- 
ceased); Mattio C. wife of Lewis Thorn [json, of 
Port Jefferson; C. L.. at home, and .-Vda. wife of 
Frank Cargill. 

The subject of this sketch, in addition to a 
common-school education, attended Port Jeffei-son 
High School and graduated from the National 
Normal School at Lebanon, Ohio, with the de- 
grees of B. S. and C. E. After this, he began 
teaching school and won an excellent reputation 
.as an educator. Previous to gr.aduating, he taught 
for three years and afterward was Principal of the 
Port Jefferson school for three years, also the Anna 
school for the same length of time, and the Bot- 
kins school for two years. Like the m.ajoritv of 
boys. Dr. Hussey followed in his ancestors' foot- 
steps, and at an early age evinced a liking for the 
medical profession. During the latter ])art of his 
term as County Examiner, he read medicine with 
his brother, Dr. A., until the latter's death, and 
was then with Dr. Wood until his death. After 
this, he was with Dr. Ross S. John, of Houston, 
and then took his medical lectures at Ohio Medi- 
cal College. Cincinnati, from which he was <:radu- 
ated in 18',»1. 

.About I^Iay I of that year, iielccated in Sidnev 
and so far has a tlatteriiig practice. He was ap- 
pointed Surgeon of tlie Cincinnati. Hamilton >v 
Dayton Railroad. He has also bi-eii t;iven chartte 
anil contrril of the Sht-lJiy County Infirmary 
:is its physician, and is a member of the Shelby 
County Medical Society. Sociallv. lu' is a mem- 



l>ci- of tho In.leiK-ndont Orilor of OiM Fellows. 
From l?{5t) until 1887. Dr. IIussov Ucgis- 
tor of tlu> Ooverninent Pupor Mills :il I'ilt*- 
fiold. M:u<s.. to whii'li lK^sition lie was apiKiintoii 
Hudor rrvsiiioiil Clcvelaiu). and it w;is his duty to 
kei-p track iif all fvij>er nianufaotuicd to W used 
for curreiu\v and notes. Vr. Ilussoy is a 
lile:vs;int and g^enerons gentleman. libt>ral in all liis 
ideas, and a protector of llie riir'its of. and in deep 
sympathy with, humanity. 


T LdlN i;. WIUTK. one of the must intelli- 
gent and respei-ted members of the farminj^ 
^^ ooiumunily of L'nion Township. Auglaize 
'^J Colli. ty. li:vs been identified with the agri- 
cultural interests here since l!<76. lie is the son 
of George White, a native uf Greenbrier C'lHinty. 
Va.. where he was b<>rn in isoo. The paternal 
grandfather, who bore the name c^f .lolm. was of 
.S.'otch-Irish ancestry, and came tu Olnu from \"ii'- 
ginia .as early aa 180;'), and located on a wild 
farm near ."^pringSeld. L.atcr. he removed to 
Champaign County, settling one mile of the 
Court Hou.<e in Url)ana. There he made a perma- 
nent location, and it was there that the fatlior of 
our subject grew to manhood. 

The maiden name of our subjeefs m<itlier was 
Amy Rigdon; she a daughter ni .bihn KiLrdmi. 
an CArly settler of this .St.ate. and w.i- bniu in 
l«i)2. in Kentucky, and in 1821 w;is married in 
Champaign County, where her husband cii- 
gageil in farming until 1832. At that date lie 
moved to Allen County, and located in Bath Town- 
ship, on a wild tr.act of land. Four years later, lie 
disposed of that pro])erty and went to Michiu'aii. 
whence he returned the following year, llis decease 
occurred in l'<74.and his wife, who became the mo- 
ther of eight children, died in 1890. Two of their 
sons. George and Charles, served in the late war, 
the former dying in that conflict. Charles departed 
this life in Texas several \ears thereafter. Mr. and 
Mr«. White were devoted members of the Presbv- 

terian Church, in which body they wwv iictivc and 
zealous worUeis. In politics, ihc father voted 
Willi the W'liig party, llo was a man of educa- 
tion, and was often enijaged in polilii'al debate. 

The original of this sketch w:»i the eldest of the 
parental family, his birtli occurring .Iul\' 17, 1S22, 
in Cbanipaigii County. In that early da\- lie 
obliged to walk two mile.- to .-ehool, and a.- books 
were very scarce, learned to read out of the New 
Testament. Later, eager to learn all he could, he 
gladly embraced the opportunity to advance his 
education, and attended school at Westminster. 
He thus well litteil for the in-ofcssion of teach- 
ing, and when young entered upon that voc.-i- 

.lohii Iv. White- and Miss .Sarah Byerly, who was 
born in Tenne.'^see in 1812, were united in mar- 
riage ill ISCtl. Three ye.-irs later, they removed to 
this county and located upon their present f.-iriii. 
where they have made their home since that lime. 
Our subject, who formerly had three hundred and 
ninety-four acres of land, now has in lii.s posses- 
sion tliree liundiid and lifty-live acres, which his 
industry and g(jod judgment have placed under 
excellent improvement. He has alw.iys followed 
the vcK-ation of a farmer, and brings a cultured 
and well-trained mind to bear upon the |)robIems 
that beset the skilled agriculturist who seeks to 
till the soil after the best methods, and so a.s to make 
it produce abundantly without exhiiusling it.s nat- 
ural fertility. 

To Mr. and Mrs. White have been born eight 
cliiblien, one of whom i.s deceased. Those living 
aie William. Ivlwin, Alice, Mattie, Kmma, Charles 
and .billies, the latter twins. I'revioii- to tlie 
Civil ^Var. our subject was a consistent niember of 
the Presbyterian Church, but during that struggle 
withdrew his merabei'ship. .and since then has not 
been connected with any denomination. Jlrs. 
White, however, is a member of the Dunkard 
Church. They have given their children the best 
of advantages in an way, .Mi>s .Mattie 
having t.aught school for some time. .Mi?s Alice is 
an accomplished musician. Formerly a member 
of the Whig part^', on the organization of the 
Republican party our subject joined it- ranks 
and since voted that ticket. While residing 




iu Allen Count}-, he served as Township Trustee 
Mud Supervisor, and since makinsf his home in 
I'nion Township has been elected Trustee. 

On tlie outbreak of the Civil War, Mr. White, 
being in poor health, did not offer his services in 
defense of his country, but contributed liberally 
of liis means towards sending strong and brave 
men to the front. In addition to raising the ce- 
reals lie keeps a good grade of cattle, hoi'scs and 
sheep on his place, and in financial circles liis 
standing is good, .and none know him but to es- 
teem him for those qualities of head and heart 
that are his distinguishing characteristics. 

■il? AMES A. UrBBELL. M. D. There are al- 
ways, in the medical profession, some indi- 
viduals wlio gain eminence and command a 
large pr.aetice, and among the representa- 
tives of this class in Logan County especial recog- 
nition belongs to Dr. Ihiblwll, of Quincy. His 
lineaments, shown iu the .accompanying portrait, 
are familiar and welcome in the homes of tlie af- 
flicted and sick of Logan and sun'ounding counties. 
A physician of established reputation, liis skill in 
the diagnosis of difficult coses, and success in their 
treatment is as widely known as liis name. 

A large volume in the possession of Dr. Ilubbell 
traces the genealogj' of the family, and from it 
we learn that the first one of the name in America 
was Richard Hubbell, wlio emigrated from .Scot- 
land in 1647 and located in Connecticut. Tlic 
grandfather of our subject, Hezekiah Hubbell. Sr.. 
was a native of Xew Jersey and in early life a 
sailor, spending nine years on the high seas and 
visiting the principal ports of the world. During 
the AVarof 1812, he before the mast. In the 
latter part of the eighteenth century, he came down 
the Oliio River with the pioneer settlers of tiiis 
State and resided for a short time at Marietta, 
wliere the first settlement was made. 

Subsequently, Grandfather Hubbell removed to 
Lithopolis, and while proprietor of an hotel at that 

place. Gen. LaFayette, DeWitt Clinton and other 
noted men took meals and lodgings at his bouse 
wliile on their tours of inspection through the 
West. Later, Mr. Hubbell sojourned for a short time 
at Lancaster, and as early as 1815 came to Shelby- 
Count}', where for a time he lived in the old block 
house on Starret's Run. He built the first hotel in 
the county, on tlie ground now occupied by the 
Monumental Building, and continued actively en- 
gaged in progressive enterprises until advanced in 
years. After the death of his wife, he made his 
home with his children until he was called hence, 
at Columbus Grove, Ohio, having reached the 
great .age of one hundred years, one month and 
eleven days. 

The father of our subject, Hezekiah Hubbell, .Ir., 
was born near L.aneaster, Ohio, September 4, 1804. 
and ill his j'outh learned the trade of a shoemaker 
which he followed in Sidney. In 183.3, he pur- 
chased a farm on the Miami River, a few miles 
from (juinc}- near the line of Logan and Champaign 
Counties, and remained thereuntil 1847. becoming 
meanwhile a very extensive and prosperous farmer. 
His nest purchase was on Indian Creek, in Miami 
Township, Logan County, where in the course of 
time he became the owner of four hundred 
acres. He commenced for himself with verv lim- 
ited means and at the time of his marriage he and 
ills wife could have carried all their belongings in 
two handkerchiefs. Hunting was his especial de- 
light, and he was never happier than when, with 
his trusty rille over his shoulder, he started in 
search of game, which he seldom failed to bring 
down. During one season he killed twentv-three 
deer and eleven bears. He a man of intelli- 
gence, industrious and an excellent manager. Po- 
litically, he was a Whig until Jackson's time, after 
which he affiliated with the Democrats. 

Sarah Johnston, as the mother of our subject 
was known in maidenhood, was born in Berkeley 
County, West Va.. in 1812 and died April U. 
188.'5. The father survived her several years, pass- 
ing away Octol)er 2. 188U, at his home in Quincv, 
whither he had retired to spend his declining vears. 
Of their marriage, seven children were born, five of 
whom reached mature years, namely: William J., 
Xancy J.. James A.. .Sarah and Marv. James A.. 



tho juhjivt of this fkololi, wns liorn Octoln-r 16, 
IS-H. hi? biilliplace lH>inir tho oUI liompstoad on 
the north Kink of the Mi.mii Hivcr. in rio:\s;int 
Township, l.Oirnn County. I.iko tho n).'»j<Mity of 
f.irmor bovs of his time, lio (iiviiioil his nttoiition 
in youtli Ivtweon .-u^sistinir i" tho woik nl lionio 
A\\'\ .itteiuUnj svh^vil in tho round-log house which 
hsd slab IhmioIios for so:it.s .ind many other rude 
inventions found in primitive sohoolhouses. 

When sixteen years of .•«!xe, Mr. llnbbcU coni- 
nienood to tench and with tlio money thus saved, 
.attended one term at the ."Sidney schools, subse- 
quently to.iching for one year and again studying 
in the schools of .Sidney. He taught school nine 
years altogether and read medicine meanwhile. 
After attaining his twenty-second year, he carried 
on \u> medical studies with Dr. X. ^'. ,Speece. now 
of Quinoy, and later entered Starling Medical Col- 
lege at Columbus, from which institution he was 
graduated on the 28th of Februar}-, 1870. Im- 
mediately after concluding his studies, he com- 
menced to practice at <^uincy, and since then his 
time has been devoted to the relief of suffering 
humanity. He makes a specialty of the diseases 
of women and children and a large practice, 
being held in the highest esteem as a pliysician. as 
well as a citizen. 

Decemljer 21, 1370, Dr. Hubbcll was united in 
marriage with Miss Anna E. Leach, a native of 
Miami Township, Logan County, bom July 19, 
l?,5,i. Three children have been born to them: 
Cleo Pearl, who died in infancy; Loving 1-'. and 
Samuel V. The little daughter, as well as the father 
and mother of our subject, «•,-« laid to rest in Fair- 
view Cemetery, a beautiful place situated on an 
elevation which is divided by a ravine. It is one 
of the loveliest spots of nature for miles around, 
and formerly was a part of tho Hubbell homestead. 

In 1>«2. Dr. Hubbell erected aeommodiousand 
suljstantial double two-story brick building at a 
cost of j'.J.BOO. and rents the two lower storerooms. 
He lives on the ujiper floor, where he has an ele- 
sant and spacious home. hand.-'Omely furnished. 
In addition to this prot>erly. he owns the hotel and 
livery stable at '^uincy. and two farms, consisting 
of seventy-one and one Inindrcd and forty-eight 
acres respectively, the former in Miami Town.ship 

on Indian Crook and the latter joining the corpor- 
ation of (iuincy. lie hires men tocultivali' these 
farms but personally superintends the work, and 
upon thorn is raising .lomo fine Short-horn r:itUc 
and ro:id and track horses. In politics. Dr. lluli- 
bell is a Democrat. ,S>cially, he is idonlilicd with 
the M:isonic fratoruity, the Stale and CounU Med- 
ical .Associations, and tiikes an Jictive ])arl in all 
affairs of public ijitorost. 

—y --^- 

^y^ IIARLKS COCLTKU. The life ,,f this pros- 
(li r~ P<''''">^ •'I'"' sid)stantial gonllcman has been 
^^i-' 07ie (if more than ordinary success iis well as 
activity, ami the enviable position to wliicli he 
has attained has bcoii reached only by years of 
industry and strict adlu'rence to the calling to 
which he had been reared. tli.Mt of fanning. lie is 
well and favorably known all over the county, is 
a great reader, a profound thinker, and .'i tlmidugli 
student of mankind, from a mctaphysiial staml- 
[Xjint. Although his educational advantages were 
confined to the subscription schools of his day, he 
was po.ssessed of more than the average amount of 
ability, and by study and observation has become 
one of the deep ro.asoners and Ihiiikers of his sec- 

Ohio is the native Stale of our sulijcct. and liis 
birth (X-curred in Cl.arke County (in the 'id of M;iv, 
1830. His grandfather, .l.diii Coullcr, was boni on 
the F.menild Isle, and just after the Kevoliitionary 
War. he came to America and settled in Harrison 
County, Ky. He was a linen-wcavcr in hi> native 
country, but after settling in Kentucky, he lucamc 
interested in farming, which he carried on for many 
yeai-s. About 180(1, he settled in Clarke County, 
Ohio, and was (Uie of the first settlers there. On 
land which he had piirch.ased Irorii Ihr liovcin- 
ment, Ik? erected a log cabin, and, surrounded on 
all sides by woods, he began his career .as a pioneer. 
He partially developed a farm and was called out 
in the War of 1812. His death occurn-d in Clarke 
County, Ohio, when quite advanced in years. 



Andrew Coulter, the father of our subject, was 
born in Harrison County, Ky., on tlie loth of Sep- 
tember 1798, but was reared in the wilds of Clarke 
County, Ohio. He lived among the Indians and 
pla^-ed with their children. He delighted in hunt- 
ing, and many a deer, wild hog and turkey fell a 
victim at the report of his unerring riHe. He fol- 
lowed the oocui)ation of a farmer and, although he 
had little education, he possessed much natural 
ability, and was often on the jur^- in court. .Some- 
times he would plead cases before justices, and his 
earnestness and magnetism generally produced a 
favorable effect. It said that he would have 
made an excellent lawyer if he had been educated. 
He served as Constable for twenty-five years and 
hold other local positions. In 1853, ho came to 
Logan County, Ohio, settled in Harrison Township 
and bought a farm of two liuiulred acres. This he 
finally sold and lived retired in Kellefontaine, 
where liis deatli occuircd when eighty years of age. 
He was an active worker in the Methodist Church, 
of which he had been a member nearly all his life, 
and in politics, was first a "Wliig and later a Repub- 
lican. He was a prominent man. • 

The fatlier of our subject married Miss Ruth 
Ketherwood. a native of Harrison County, Ky., 
■where their nuptials were celebrated. Her father, 
Charles Ketlierwood, was born in Ireland and 
came to -\merica at an earU' day, settling in Har- 
rison County, Ky. He was considered an educated 
man at that time and very outspoken in his 
remarks against slavery and for the promotion of 
religion. He a Methodist and his house was 
the first preaching place in that part of Kentucky, 
Bishop Asbury preaching there. He farmed some, 
but most of his time spent talking against 
slavery, and, being very prominent and a man of 
more average ability, his remarks had weight. 
There his death occurred. The mother of our sub- 
ject reared four children: Mary J. (Mrs. Prince), 
Charles, Eliza A. (Mrs. Allen), and Rebecca (Mrs. 
Row.and). The mother was a member of tlie Meth- 
odist Church all her life, was an active worker in 
the same, and died in that faith, when aI>out sev- 
enty-five j-ears of age. 

Charles Coulter grew to manhood on the farm in 
Clarke County, Ohio, and received his education in 

the district school, three miles north of Springfield, 
the fii-st brick schoolhousc in the county. It was 
conducted on the subscription plan and our sub- 
ject never attended any other school. In 1853, 
he came to Logan County, Oliio, and for some time 
fanned his father's place, also was engaged in buy- 
ing, trading and selling stock. On the 3d of No- 
vember, 1857, he married Jliss Eliz.abeth Parish, a 
native of Washington Township, Ohio, born Doc- 
ember 25, 1834, and three children were born to 
them: Lintner Lincoln died when five months 
old; Grant died at the .age of nine months; 
and Minerva, who married George "Wonders, re- 
sides on a farm in Kusli Creek Township, this 

^Ir. Coulter bought his present farm about 1859, 
and there were very few improvements made on 
it. About tliirly acres had been cleared, a log 
house of one room, without a fireplace, and a dilap- 
idated old log stable were all the improvements. 
Mr. Coulter has cleared and made manv im- 
provements since then, and in 1860 he began buy- 
ing and shipping hogs to Cincinnati, Ohio, continu- 
ing this for twenty yeai-s. He has shipped stock to 
Buffalo, Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, and nearly all the 
stock markets in the country. He has bought cat- 
tle in Logan, Champaign, Harrison, Allen, Jlercer, 
Shelby. Auglaize, "V'an Wert and Putnam Counties, 
and used to go on horseback most of the time. He 
is the owner of one hundred and sixty-three acres 
of land; a comfortable house, and a large frame 
barn was erected in 1883. Mr. and Mrs. Coulter 
are members of the Methodist Churcli. in which 
botli are deeply interested, and he has been .Steward 
in the same for years. Mrs. Coulter is one of the 
most cultured and intelligent ladies of the county, 
and well liked by all who are favored with her 

In politics, .Mr. Coulter is a firm Republican. 
and his first vote was for Gen. Scott, in 1852. He is a 
Thirty-second degree M.ason and has been connected 
with that Older for thirty-seven years. In May, 
1864. he enlisted in Company F, One Hundred and 
Thirty-second Regiment, was through Virginia and 
at Arlington Heights. Bermuda Hundred and 
White House Landing. He was detailed with the 
doctors taking care of the sick and wounded from 



the Kcutle of Ihe Wilderiies* ami Cold Harlx>r. 
Ho w:is under fire at Bormuda lUindrod for uearly 
a week. Uo abo :issistod in building fortitioalions 
and served four months and a half, being mustered 
out of service in September, l$l<4. lie is a moiii- 
l>er of the Grand Armv Post at De Graff. 

I _^ ENRY C. KIENZEI.. a member of llic 
Y^) lirm of liakhaus \- Kucnzel, proprietors of 
J^/ the Ilour and woolen mills of New Hremen, 
'{0 is a pi-actio.ll. energetic and thorough man 
of business, and most reliable in all transactions. 
He is a native of the Buckeye State, boru in Day- 
ton on the 7th of July, 1S52, and his parentis, 
.John C. .and Maria (Wunderlick) Kuenzel, were 
natives of Germany. 

The elder >Ir. Kuen/.el was liorn at .Marklentlieii. 
Uavaria. on the 5th of .September, 1«23. and 
spent fifteen years of his life in the schoolroom, 
where he received a thorough knowledge of those 
branches necessary as a foundation on wliich to 
build a permanent structure. When not in the 
schoolroom, he engaged in honest, useful 
labor, and thus in early life he became possessed 
of a.lvanced ideas and principles, which remained 
with him through life, and which were plainly ob- 
served by all with whom he came in contact 
throughout the whole of a successful business ca- 
reer. He was a great reader, often burning the 
midnight oil when .an interesting book was before 
him. and he was also a man of untiring and un- 
wearied indu.-try, which never fagged or fal- 

Mr. Kuenzel emigrated to the I iiitcd .States 
with his father and the remainder of the family in 
1»».3>* and landed at New Orleans, but immediately 
c'ame to New Bremen. Auglaize County, <)lii<>. 
where those sterling traits of char.ictcr proveil of 
great value in the wilderness. Learning the tin- 
ner's trade of his f.ather. he engaged in biisiiK-ss 
with a will that never said "go.'" but -'come." Al- 

though he started with but tifly cents, by strict 
attention tii business and by uprightness and hon- 
orable dealing, when he sold the tannery, in 1870, 
ho w:is one of the wealtliiost men in the town, 
llo married, in is 17. to :\Iiss Wiindorliok, 
ami thirteen cliilduMi woro given llioin, live of 
whom survivo. Mr. Kiiin/.ol was over closely 
allied with all ontorprisos for tlio improvement of 
tho town and county, and «:is pulilio-spiritod and 
enterprising to an iiiuimi:i1 degree. 

For many years Mr. Kuenzel was a member of 
the Board of Education of the town, and with a 
zeal that know no cessation, he, with a few olliei-s, 
was successful in clearing the way so that all 
children of the township had the advantjigo of a 
good education. At the time of his death, in 
.Soplembor, 1879, he engaged in the manufac- 
ture of Hour and woolen goods, in which business 
he boon succeeded by his sons. Honored and 
revered liy all. in his death the county lost one 
of her most valuable citizens. His wife, who 
came to this coiintiy with lior parents at an early 
dale, passed aw.iy in l>i70. .She was a woman of 
more than ordinary ability and well liked for her 
many womanly virtues. 

Henry C. Kuenzel, the second child in order 
of birth of the above-mentioned children, attended 
the district school, and later entered the High 
School of D.ayton, where he remained two years. 
There he laid the foundation on which he buildcd 
later .at Groer"s College, at Dayton. In 18G8, he 
entered his father's tannery and s[)ent three years 
iu learning the tiade. After this, he worked for 
W. Schueltliei.-, a former partner of his father's, 
but at that lime the proprietor of a largo tannery 
at Lima, and remained with him a year. Then he 
siK'nt two years in Chicago working at his trade. 
Returning to New Bremen, he worked for a short 
lime for his brother-in-law, who in llie meantime 
had purcha.«od the tannery owned by his father. 
After this, he went to Louisville, worked for a 
year in a tannery there, and then clerked in a 
leather store for two years. 

In the spring of 1879, after having retiiri ed 
to Scv,- Bremen, he became a partner in the tljur 
and woolen mills at the time when his fathe was 
part owner, and in the fall of that year, ?iter his 



father's death, he purchased his father's interest. 
The firm then became Balchaus A Kucnzel, the in- 
dividual members of the same being Fred Bakhaus 
and Henry and Godfrey Kueuzel. They are doing 
a flourishing business. In his political views, Mr. 
Kuenzel is an ardent Republican and takes a deep 
interest in all political questions. He was a dele- 
gate to the State convention and has held a num- 
lier of local oflices in the township, such as City 
Clerk and a member of the City Council. He is 
.'secretary of the New Bremen Natural Com- 
pany-, is Treasurer of the Citizens' Building it 
Loan Association, and is a stockholder in the 
Home Oil Comp.anj'. .Socially, he is a member of 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the 
Encampment. He is a thorougli. energetic and 
most competent, painstaking and reliable business 



NGLE W. RUSH. Agriculture and stock-rais- 
ing have formed the principal occupations of 
/li this and the wide-awake manner in 
which ho has taken advantage of all methods and 
ideas tending to enhancing the value of his prop- 
erty has had a great deal to do with obtaining 
the competence which he now enjoys. All his life 
he has followed, with substantial results, the occu- 
pation to which he was reared, and as a man. no 
less than a citizen, he is highly esteemed. Born 
in Logan County. Ohio, on the 10th of December, 
1852. he is the son of .losiah Rush, and the grand- 
son of Wesley Rush, the latter a native of Mary- 
land. The grandfather came toPickaw.ay County, 
Ohio, in the early part of the present century, 
prior to tlie War of isr2. and entered Govern- 
ment land there. He came to this State by an 
Indian trail, began improving his place, and be- 
came the proud possessor of one thousand acres 
of valuable land on tlie Pickaw.ay Plains. He 
was a man of more than average ability, and well posted on history and the Bible. He 
was an excellent financier and accumulated much 
wealth. .\ member of the I'resbvterian Cliurch, 

he died in that faith. In politics, he was a firm 
supporter of the principles of the Whig party 
until the formation of the Republican partv, 
when he united with that, and took a deep inter- 
est in all political question?. 

Josiah Rush, father of our subject, roared 
on the farm in Pickaw.ay County, and after reach- 
ing mature j'ears, wedded Mi>s M.alinda Eatherton, 
a native of Pickaway County, ()liio. Four chil- 
dren were born to this union, but only two grow 
to years of maturity: Alice .1.. now married to 
Millard F. Buxton, resides in Montgomery County. 
Ind.; and Ingle W.. tlie subject of this sketch. 
The parents of tliese children removed to Logan 
County, Ohio, about 1848, and here became the 
owners of much valuable land. The father died 
on this property in M.ay, 18(;n. The mother, who 
is still living and now sixty-five years of aire, 
makes her home with her daughter in Indian.a. She 
is a member of the Presbyterian Church and her 
husband also held membei-ship in that church. 

Ingle W. Rush but nine years old when he 
returned to Pickaway County, Ohio, .and after 
residing there for one year, went to live witli his 
stepfather, William B. Winters, with whom he re- 
mained until twenty-six years of age. lie secured 
a good practical education in the common schools, 
and when seventeen yeai-s of age started out to 
fight his own way in life. After the death of the 
stepfather, our subject took charge of the farm, 
.and on the Gth of February, 1873, he was united 
in marri.age to Miss .'^aiah A. Selby. a native of 
fiercer County. Ohio. Seven children have been 
born to this union: Ira N., Zellie il.. Lulu G., 
Jlerly B.. Grove P.. .7. B. Ward and Cecil C. 

Mr. Rush settled on his present farm on the 4tli 
of March. 1879, and made about all the sub- 
stantial improvements on it. He owns two hun- 
dred and forty acres of land and has about seven 
miles of tile drainage on the place. He annually 
raises many cattle, hogs and sheep, especially hogs, 
and is one of the best and most successful farmers 
in this section. His handsome residence, one of 
the finest in the township, was erected in 188.5. 
and he is now building a large barn. 40x80 feet, 
with sheds at each end. Eveiything about the 
place shows the owner to be thrifty and enter- 



prising, and be is recoguizcil as one of tlio best 
finanoierf for liis n|re of nny man in I.osran 
County. IIo is one of the county "s most promi- 
nonl citizous. In iv^lilii-s, he is a Poiiuh rat. Ii:u< 
held the otVice of Township Treasurer for >ix yo:irs. 
wai also a Trustee for some lime, and di^ili:iri:i'il 
the duties of these olliees in a very cflloieni man- 
ner. He and family are Christians in their relig- 
ious vievTs. 


U. .1. G. SriTON, a prominent and popu- 
lar physician of Kuslisylvania. Ohio, is a 
native of Logan County, Rush Creek 
Township, this .State, and was born on the 
:nii of September, 185-2. His father. W. W. Sut- 
ton, was a native of Kentucky, Viorn in 1818. and 
came to the Buckeye State with his parent* wlieu 
but seven years of age. His father, .lonathan .but- 
ton, was also a native of Blue Or.asssoil, and after 
coming to Ohio, he located in I.ogan County, Rush 
Creek Township, in the woods. His first home 
there was a log cabin, in which he resided until his 
death, when but thirty-nine years of ago. 

W. W. Sutton was about sixteen yeai-s of age 
when his father died, and he subsequently engaged 
in the sawmill busine,-s at three different places in 
Rush Creek Township. This he continued for 
twentv-five yeai^s. and was well known luid es- 
teemed in the county. He was the soul of lninur 
and uprightness, and there w:is never a lilot or 
si>it on his character as a citizen and neiglibor. 
He a member of the Disciples Church, and wa< 
thoroushly posted on all Biblical subjects, a.s he on all other topics of interest. In politics, he 
atlilialed with the Democi-atic parly. Altlnjiigli he 
never went to school but .seventeen days in his 
life, he was well informed, and was a self-made 
man in every respect. The lady who became his 
wife. Mi.-s Catherine .lane Neigbarger. w;ls burn in 
Ohio, is still livinf;. and makes her home in Rusli- 
svlvania. She is now sixty-nine years of age, and 
enjovs comparativeh' good health. She was the 
daughter of .Jacob Neigbarger. 

Only one of the eleven cliihhcn born to ^Ir. and 
Mrs. .Sutton was a daughter, and she was the eld- 
est of the family. Her n:jme was Rebecca, and she 
became the wife of C. M.Tap|i. They now reside in 
Kushsyh .-uiia. .lonathan lives in Findlay, Ohio, .■nni 
1. e:\ndor. in Walnut (ii'ovc. Logan County, < lliin; 
Harvey O.. a liaveling iii;in for school ^u]l|lli^■^. 
wa? Superintendent of the schools tjf Ku>hsylvnnia 
and second Superintendent of the schools of Bcllc- 
fontaine, at one time. He also held the same po- 
sition in the Mansfield schools. Walter is a farmer 
of Logan Co\inty, Ohio, l-'ranklin W. died when 
twenty-five years of age. Charles L. and Ches- 
ter M. (twins), now twenty-two years of age, arc 
school teachers. 

Dr. .1. O. Sutton, the >ixth child and liflh son. 
received his priiiiar;. education in the district 
Schools of his native county, and remained under 
the parent^U roof until he had attained his major- 
itv. .•i>si.-ting his father on the f.-irni. The latter 
kept from eighl'linndrcd to sixteen hunilrcd head 
of sheep, and it Iiei>t young Sutton busy looking 
after thini and a>sisting in the usual faiin work. 
When twenty-one years of age. he entcicd the 
Northwestern Normal School in Hardin County, 
Ohio, going from the harvest field to college. 
Thisconfinement did not agree with him and he was 
taken sick and returned home, where he remained 
three monttis, and then, on .account of limited 
means, entered a district school in Hardin County, 
where he remained one winter. 

The spring of 1877 saw him inarrii-d to .Mi.s.s 
Martha K. (drwin. a native of Rush Creek Town- 
ship, Logan C(uiiily. Ohio, born .luiie 22, 1857, 
and the daughter of George and Margaret (Dick- 
inson) Corwin. She educated in the common 
schools of Logan County, and is a bright, intelli- 
gent ladv. After marriage, Mr. Sutton located 
near Zanesfield, Logan County, on a farni, and 
tilled the soil the summer following his union, lie 
attended school in Zanesfield the f<^)llowing winter, 
received a certilicate to leach, and during the win- 
ter of I H79, he taught the Ml. Zion .school, near 
Z.inestield. Willi the money thus carneil, he and 
his wife went to Cincinnati and he attended the 
Eclectic Medical Institute, thus tilling a long-felt 
desire on his part for a medical education. After 



this, he taught school in different places until 1880, 
when he called home on account of his father's 
sickness. He took charge of the farm, managed 
the large flock of sheep as well as other stock, and 
took care of all his father's business. After the 
death of the latter, he and his brother Harve^' G. 
were appointed administrators of the estate, but as 
his brother was away, engaged in other enterprises, 
most of the business transactions fell upon our 
subject. He settled up the affairs of the estate, and 
remained upon the farm until 1884, when, in the 
spring of that year, lie sold out .and removed to 
Kenton, Hardin Count}-, Ohio. There he was en- 
gaged by Cantwell & Co.. hardware and agricul- 
tural implement merchants, and worked for them 
about nine months. From there he went to Cin- 
cinnati to finish his medical education, and there 
he remained two terms, graduating in .June, 1886. 
During the summer and fall of that year, he was 
located on his mother's farm, and while there was 
called to treat man}- cases. His firet location was 
made in Lewistown in 1887, and he remained there 
until April 23, 1888, when he located where he 
now resides. A liberal patronage rewarded liis 
efforts, and he has been unusually successful. He 
is a member of the Eclectic Medical Association 
of Ohio, and is a member of Rush Lodge IS'o. 381, 
1. O. 0. F. Dr. and Mrs. .Sutton are the par- 
ents of three daugliters: Etta !May, .Jessie (iay and 
Bessie Fay. 

/>^, IIHlsTlAN \'().sLER. The qualities of tliiift 
III _ and perseverance which usually char- 

'V^/ acterize the (Germans have crowned their 
efforts with prosperity in whatever portion of 
thr n-ijrld their lot has been cast. Nor does the life 
of Mr. \'usler furnish an exception to the usual 
rule, for he is numbered among the most prosperous 
citizens of Auglaize County, having a splendid es- 
tate located on section l(j, Duchouquet Township. 
As has alreadv been indicated, the native home 

of Mr. Vosler was in ■V\"urtemberg, Germany, and 
the date of his birth .January 28, 1840. He is the 
son of Chris and Anna Vosler, also natives of the 
Fatherland, where the former followed the trade 
of a cooper. They lived in their native land 
until 1847, when, having resolved to seek a home 
intheN'ew World, they emigrated to this country, 
coming directly to Auglaize County, and locatinn- 
on the fort\- acres of land which is included in the 
present home of our subject. The father died here 
in October, 1875, while his good wife, who is in 
her eighty-first ^-ear, is still surviving and makes 
her home with our subject. The parents were de- 
voted members of the Lutheran Church, in which 
body Mr. Vosler occupied an olticial position. In 
his political relations, he voted with the Repub- 
lican party. 

Of the parental family of four children, two are 
now living, Mrs. Weaver and our subject. The lat- 
ter grew up on the home farm, where he has always 
resided. His advantages for obtaining an educa- 
tion were very limited, but m.aking the best of the 
means afforded him, he now ranks among the in- 
telligent farmei's of his localitv. 

The lady to whom .AIi-. \'(>s|t.i- was married in 
18G2 was 3Iiss Catherine, daughter of .John and 
Margaret (Leathermau) Keller, natives respectively 
of Germany and France. The parents, who arc 
both now dece.ased. came to America in an earlv 
day and located in tlii,-? section while the Indians 
were very numerous. Mrs. \'osler was bdrii in 
Pusheta Township, this county, in 1(>41. and was 
the fourth in order of birth of the nine children 
who are living, two having died in infant'v. Her 
brothei-s and sisters bear the respective names of 
Annie. Christian .John. Mary. Susan. William. 
(. harles, Henry and Caroline. 

Our subject was reared to agricultural pur.-uits. 
and when a lad of eleven years began to .assist his 
father in carrying on tlie home farm. He is the 
proprietor of one hundred and tliirty-six acres of 
excellent land, nearly all of which he cleared him- 
self. In 1862. he erected a comfortable residence 
on his estate, which is also supiilied with all the 
needful buildings, and is thorouglily drained with 
eight hundred rods of tile. 

In 18i)4 Mr. Vosler enlisted in the Luion army, 


n)lMKAll' AND llIOC.KArilUAl, lUX'OKl). 

beconiiniT a menilior of ComiMiiv G, One llimdrod 
snd Fifty-sixtli Ohio Infantry, and was mnsteivd 
in at Camp IVnison. He tlion wi'iit to Coving- 
ton, Ky.. frvini tlioro to Falmouth, tlionco IcCvnth- 
iana. and frv^m tlioro to CumlHTland, Md.. « lioio 
with his ovimjvany ho did gonoral pickptdnly. Af- 
tor Ivinj mnstorod out of the sorvioo, Soiitcn)l«-r 
7. I.'*ti4. our sut>joot apiin rolurnod to the iwaoeful 
pursuits of farniinir, ami at the present time do- 
votos his entire attention to raising: eoreals and 
raising a j.'v^od trr:tde of stixk. Me is a prominent 
ineinl>er of the German Lutheran Ciinrch and has 
j:iven lil>or:»lIy of his moans toward the erection of 
the new huildins in AVapakoneta. His interest in 
school affairs caused him to ho placed on the 
School 15oard. where he has rendered etlicient ser- 
vice in the c:tl>acity of Director. In social affairs. 
Mr. ^'o«ler is a Mason and a member of the (irand 
Army. In politics, he votes with tlic Repulilican 
party, and served his fellow-townsmen as Road 
.•^uiiervisor for a number of yeai-s. 

Tlie three children Itorn to 'Mr. and Mrs. Vosler 
are Cliristian .1.. who married Lena Hoebaugh: 
Mary, the wife of Charles Torwilliirer. and Cather- 
ine. Mi-s.AVilliam Slndwrt. 

OIIN LArKKRSWKII.KK. hardware .m.l 
general provision merchant, is one of tlic 
thorough-going, progressive men of Mm- 
^i^y ster and h,as done much to promote the busi- 
ness interests of that town. 'I'liat wliicli h:us con- 
tributed largely to his success been the thor- 
oujldy reliable and mcthodieal business principles 
which have governed his dealings in all tran.-.ic- 
tions and established for him the popular favor 
which strict probity alone can secure, his motto 
lieing: "Honorable representation and fair treat- 
ment to .all." What he has accumulated in the 
way of this world's goods is the result of his own 
exertions, for he started at the bottom of the lad- 
der. He was born in I'rnssia. Germany, on the 
25tli of April. I-iU. and his (jarents. Peter and 

Ann.i M. (I'riederick) l.;iufoi-swoiler, were also na- 
tives of the Old Country. 

The father was a cabinet-m.iUor and o.ii ponler 
by trade, ami he remained in his native connti\ 
until .Inly. 1SI7. w lien lie sailed with his family 
from Aniweipto New VoiU, i-i-u-Iuml; Ihe Land of 
the I'ree in nl>onl llnee weeks. They c.-uiie \ ia 
til.' Lakes to Toledo. Ohio, and llienee by canal to 
Min,-ter. .Mr. L:iufersweiler pui'cha.^ed about ten 
.acres of laml liotween Minster and New Bremen. :unl 
here ho woikcd at his trade until quite aged, lie died 
in 1>S80. when seventy -seven years of ,age, and tin- 
mother on the imh of .\ugust, 18G7, at the age of 
sixty years, liotli were members of the Catholic 
Church, Seven of the twelve children born to 
them grew to m.-iturity. and oiu'.a danghter, died 
on the ocean. 

Tlie subject of this sketch was Ihiee \ears of 
age when he crossed the ocean to AiniMiea. and 
his edui'alional facilities in youtli were rather Hni- 
ited. This ho remedii'd in a measure by attend- 
ing evening >chool after reaching the .age of eigh- 
teen. Ill' remained with his parents, assisting in 
cultivating the small farm, until grown, and was 
on the tow-patli for six months, the canal ]).a.ssing 
within a few rods of their home. When about 
sixteen years of age, ho drove the United States 
mail from New Bremen to Piqua for eight months, 
and when nineteen years of age he served an ap- 
prenticeship at tlie tinner's ti'ade for two and a 
half years in Min.-t<'r. 

In 18G(!. lie piirch.ased an inlerot in the hard- 
ware bnsines>, inan.aged this fur about ten \ears, 
and in ISTii piircli.ased his partner's inteie.-t and 
became sole proprietor. In IKSii. lie erected a 
large twi).-itoiy brick block, in wlii<'li he since 
conducted bii-iiic>s. and now carries a large and 
complete stock of hardware. He is highly popu- 
lar and enjoys an extensive acquaintance and 
patronage within the city and surroundings. To 
his hardware slock he has added grocerio and 
provisions and buys country produce, etc. 

In the year 1807, our subject was wediled to 
.Miss Agnes Sprehe, of Minster, Ohio, who died in 
1882. Kightchildren were the fruit of this union: 
.Josephine, IJemodine (deceased), Charles, .loseph. 
Prank (deceased), Cecelia. Katie, and Laurens (de- 



?}: >^ "^^^i/^^^ 



ceased). In 1885, Mr. Laufei-sweiler was married 
to Miss Anua Schmiiecker, of Covington, Ky., and 
three childien have been given them: Ida. Loietta 
and Olive. A Denioeiat in his political affiliations. 
Ml'. Laufersweiler lia.-^ ever been pioniinent and 
intiuential in local polities. He has been a dele- 
gate to county and district conventions, served 
a- Clerk of the town for eight yeare. a member of 
the Council for two yeais. Mayor eight years 
and has now served .is Treasurer foi- three years. 
Tims it m.ay be seen that he is well informed on 
political and topics .and is a inominent po- 
Hlical factor, not only in the township, but in tlie 
count\-. He and Mrs. Laufersweiler are members of 
the Catholic Church. 

Our subject is a stockholder in the Citizens' 
Bank and a Director in the same. He was a[)- 
pointed Notary Public in 18S1. and was re- 
ai)pointed b\- Gov. Campbell in i.siHi. He owns 
stock in the Minster Cooperage Company, of 
which he has been President since its formation. 
He is al.-o President of, and a stockholder in. the 
Minster Manufacturing Company. In 18(J6, Mr. 
Laufersweiler engaged in business ^1 worse off 
than nothing, for he was $7 in debt when he 
purclia^ed a h.alf-iutercst in the stock. He has 
met with unusually good luck and lias always 
contributed his share towards the advancement 
and improvement of the town. He has been 
Secretary of the Building and Loan .\ssociation of 
this place for twenty years. 

/pssffl W. M. FAliL.-VM). .Vmongtlie prominent 
^^? and influential citizen? of Auglaize Couuty_ 
we take pleasure in presenting to our 
readers the biogra[iliy and portrait of S. 
W. McFarland, the popular .and trustworthy 
County Treasurer. lie deservedly ranks ami^ng 
the foremost men of his county, not only for the 
efficient and capable manner in which hediscliarires 
the duties of his responsible position, but as well 
for his qualities as a citizen and man. 


Jlr. McFarland was born in Auglaize County. 
Ohio, in March, 1851, and as the people have known 
him from infancy, they have had every opportu- 
nity to judge of his character and qualifications. 
He received the rudiments of his education in the 
common schools, where he laid the foundation of 
his subsequent pro.sperous career. L'ntil aliout 
fourteen yeai-s of age, ho remained on the faiin. 
and then began clerking in a dry-goods store. 
When eighteen yeai-s of age, he embarked in the 
grocery business for himself, and in this enterprise 
was very successful, continuing it for about six- 
teen yeare. When he first started out for himself, 
he taught school for a few terms in this county, 
and for ten months in Ft. Wayne, Ind. 

During liis business career in Wap.akonet.i. Mr. 
McF'arland brought in contract with many 
people, and l)y his, upright conduct, won 
a host of warm friends, and became very popular. 
During this lime, lie served .as Councilman for two 
or three terms, and was on the committees on Streets. 
Finance and Law. In .lauuary, 1887, he was ap- 
pointed Postmaster by President Cleveland, and 
in this capacity served nearly three years. "While 
holding that position, he wa.> nominated without 
opposition by the Democratic part\- as a candidate 
for County Treasurer, and afterward, in 1S8'J, 
elected by a large m.ajority, and re-elected in 18!)1 
witli the largest majority on the ticket, thus show- 
ing his popularity. He always been a stanch 
advocate of Democratic principles, and his vote is 
ever cast with that party. A faithful, painstaking 
and competent officer, he has broiiglit to the man- 
agement of his official duties the same thorough 
methods and business acumen that have made him 
so popular and successful in other direction?, and 
is well and favorably known in this and adjoiniuLr 
roiinties. The Cincinnati IiUjuin-r oi .Iaiiuar\' lo. 
1S.S7. published his portrait and a short -ketch of 
his appointments to various official positions. Mi. 
McFarland was married in -Inly. l.s'J(j. to ;Mis~ 
Carrie Kinstle, a member of the Catholic (_ hiirch. 

The father of our subject, .lames !■". .McFarland. 
was born in Pennsylvania in IMl.nnd moved to 
Logan County, Ohio, in Ls.).'). Five years later, 
he came to Auglaize County and settled in .Moul- 
ton Township, on the .St. Mary'sT'lank Road, three 


IVKlKAir AM) r.lOi;KAl niCAL Ki:COUD. 

ami a half miles west of Wajwkoneta. He selected 
as his wife Miss Naiu'v Ij»«ho:u1. ami llioy roared 
two chiMrvn. one of whom. \V. K.. dioil in 1)<7;>. 
After the death of his wife. Mr. MeKarland mar- 
ried Miss K.v<aniia Walker, and they i-eared four 
childivn. namely: .lohn I.. S. W. (our subject), 
Frank .1. and Mary. The mother died in August. and Mr. MeFarland afterward marrieil .Mrs. 
Sus-an Wan), by whom he beeanie the father of two 
children. Mattie and t'elia. Up»n the deatli of hi-; 
third wife, he married Mrs. I atherine Wliet.-tone. 
who still survives. 

When James K. MeKarland came to this county, 
he sei-ured one hundred and sixty .acres, and soon 
.ndded other valuable land, a portion of which 
still belongs to his estate. He elected .lustice 
of the Peace in ISU. which ollice he held about 
thirty-one years, and during twenty-six years of 
this time he served .as Township Treasurer. He one of a family of six children, and was the 
third of these to p.ass aw.ay; his next younger 
brother. Bishop MeFarland, of Providence. H. I., 
being the first, and Dr. JIcFarland, of Cleveland, 
who died about 1874, being the second. James IC. 
MeFarland died on the 21st of July, 1875. Since 
then two other brothers, W. H.. of F-dina, Mo., and 
Dr. J. A., of Tiffin. Ohio, have also passed away. 
Dr. J. L. MeFarland, formerly Auditor of Auglaize 
County, is still living. The family is one of the 
mo;t intellectual in this section and its members 
are well qualified for the professions they follow 
or the positions which they fill. 

601- S.VMn-.l. n. MOIT. of >t. Mary>. wlio 
. won a distinguished reputation .as an otlicer 
of an Ohio regiment during the Civil War. 
h.a.- t>een a resident of .Vuglaize County sixty years, 
and hi- name is ch^ely :issociated with the history 
• n iL- ri.-e and progress from the fir-st days of it> 
■.•r;;an;zalion a- a >ep:irate county, when he iva-oiic 
"f iU leading civic ollicials and prominent as one 

of its legal lights, to the present time, in which he 
is held .as one of its most honored citizens. 

Col. Mott is a representative of one of the most 
eminent families of America, many of mem- 
bei-s have atUiined distinction in various walks of 
life, Valentine Mott. one of the most famous sur- 
geons of his day, and a cousin <>f ihi' fallu-iof oui 
subject, belonging to il. Tlic Mo(ts arc of Fniuli 
origin, and were of the lluguenot religion. The 
fii-st to Ic.ivo sunny France to seek a liomc on 
foreign soil was Maj. John Mott, grandfather of 
our subject who came to America alx)ut the time 
of the Uevolution in this country, and accepted a 
commission from the Government, whereby he be- 
came an ollicer in the ContinenUd army, and right 
gallantly did he fight for the cause of his adopted 
land. He was wounded in the left slioulderin tlie 
first battle in which he took |)art, and again in the 
second battle a bullet did execution in the 
same place. He w:us put on detached service after 
that and assisted in recruiting the forces. lie finally 
became a Baptist pie.achcr of some note, and com- 
ing to Ohio in pioneer times, died in Knox County 
at the venerable age of ninety-two yeai-s, from in- 
juries received by being thrown from a horse 
against a fence, by which several of his ribs were 
broken and ho w.os hurt internally. lie was a re- 
markable man in many respects, possessing much 
ability and originality. He had four sons: John, 
Samuel, (ridcou and Freeman. The three eldest 
came to Oliio and settled, while the youngest lo- 
cated at Lockport, N. Y., where he died. 

Gideon Mott, the father of our subject, was born 
in Hartford, Conn. He was a graduate of Vale 
College, a gentleman and a scholar, of a quiet, re- 
fined nature. Ho was a well-read man and studied 
medicine, but never practiced. In 1806, he came 
to Ohio, and at first lived in Zanesville. He sub- 
sequently followed farming in Knox Count}', of 
which he w:is nn early settler, until 18.'!3, when he 
came to Auglaize County, an<l for a few years 
kept a hotel at Shane's Crossing. In 1837, he re- 
turned to Knox County to close up some old busi- 
ness affair, and while at his brother John's home 
died at the .age of sixty years. He served in the 
W:ir of 1*<12. and tjiken prisoner at Detroit 
wiien Gen. Hull surrendered, being kept in the 



hands of the enemy until after peace was declared, 
lie was Justice of the Peace during his residence 
in Clinton_-Towusliii), Knox County, and he w.-is 
I'o.-^tmaster at Shane's Crossing as long as he re- 
mained there. His wife, Ann Newell, who was 
alsd a native of Hartford. Cunii., wns one of llio 
MKist accomplished women nf her day. She 
was linely educated, a great reader and a 
lluent conversationalist. Sln' was a notable Ikjusc- 
wife, did all her own hon^euork. and spun and 
wove tlax and wool into rlotli for garments for 
her children. .She died at Shane's Crossing Sep- 
tember 10, 1836, leaving her family inconsolable 
r(_ii- her l(jss. and depriving the Metlioilist Church 
of one of its most zealous members. Her mother, 
Elizabeth Peck, a lineal descendant of the 
I'eck family that came over in the •■ Maytlower." 
The subject of this biographical .-ketch born 
on his father's farm in Knox County, .January 2G, 
ISIS, the fifth of a famil_vof sixcliildren, of whom 
he and a younger sister are the only survivors. 
His early educational advantages, as far as school- 
ing went, were limited to about three months' at- 
tendance at a primitive, pioneer log schoolhonse, 
that furnished witli slab seats, heated by means 
of an old-fashioned tirepKace, and lighted liy means 
of greased-paper windows. He wa.*, however, 
carefully trained at home l.iy wise and good par- 
ents, with whom he came to .\uglaize County 
when he fifteen \'ears old. At that age, he 
began the battle of life for himself, and learning 
the trades of a bricklayer and i)lasterer, picking it 
up himself, as he had considerable mechanical 
ingenuity, was engaged in tho>e occupations 
until Jlay, 18.'>lj. In that montli he enlisted in 
Capt. Charles Colerick's company to go on the 
Ti'xa.- campaign, when that State decided to secede 
from Mexico. He was down tliere a year and took 
aa active part in several skirmishes, although the 
last real battle had been fought on the 21st of the 
l)receding April. In Augu.-t. l.s.J'.i. the Colonel 
resumed his trade at Dayton. He saved *17."). 
ami in lS.;:i he laid claim to eighty acres of land 
in Dublin Towmhip. fiercer County. Duringthe 
winter of l.s:!:)-l.s40. he taught -chool. lie soon 
sold Ills land at an advance liguic. and with tlie 
proceeds ami what nionev he had in tlif meantime 

earned, he had a capital of several hundred del" 
lars. AVhile teaching, be had forty-five pupils, and 
was paid -^^..lO for each one that he tanght, ob- 
t.aining his board free in return for instructing- 
the children of his host. 

The Colonel began the study of law in theollice 
of his brother, (iordon X., at Piqua. and in March, 
1842. he was admitted to the Bar in Cincinnati. 
He came to St. Clary's to establish himself in his 
profession, and devoted himself assiduously to his 
legal duties until the war broke out. In 1846. he elected Prosecuting Atttirney for Mercer 
County, of whicli .St. Mary's then a part. In 
18-18, when Auglaize organized .as a separate 
county, he was elected its first Prosecuting At- 
torney. He resigned in the fall of the same year, 
as the Democrats had elected him to represent the 
district in the State Legislature, in which he served 
with acceptance to all without regard to party 
affiliations. In 1852, he was again elected Prose- 
cuting Attorney for this county. 

Our subject was busily engaged in his law prac- 
tice when the Rebellion broke out. He had been 
watching with intense interest the events that led 
up to the outbreak, and he was prompt to respond 
to his country's call for assistance. He was elected 
Lieutenant of a company of troops organized in 
April, 1861, at .St. Mary's, and when the company 
arrived at Camp .Tackson, in Columbus, his name presented to the Governor by the men com- 
posing it, .as the one best fitted for the im[)ortant 
post of Captain, and he comnnssioned as such. 
lie had enlisted for three months, and he and his 
men were attached to the Twentieth Ohio Regi- 
ment. They were mustered out the .September 
fiillowing, ha%ing gained a fine record for good 
sohliershii) in the lively skirmishes with the enemv 
in \'irginia. in whieh they had borne a consiiieu- 
ou- [lart, capturing a rebel Hag on one occasion. 

The Colonel returned home after the termof hi.s 
enlistment ex[)ired. and threw hi- whole eneriries 
into the work of recruiting another iM.mpany. rc- 
enli-ting Septemljer :!. 1861. in the Thirty-lir-t 
Ohio as CapLain. Ili> gallant i-ouilmt won him 
merited promotion to the position of M.-ijor. Keb- 
ruaiy 28. 1862. but he magaiiimously decliiu-il the 
po-iiion in favor of another. ( )n lh<- .■;th '\::.y of 


roKTUAir AMI r.UH'.KArUK'AL uix'oun. 

the following Octolior, ho w:i> apimiiitol C'oloiu-l 
of the One Hundri-d ami Kiirhlivnth Ohio Koiii- 
iiiont. his il.iriiii:. ivoliiesj aiul lino pnwois as a 
loador winninir liini |>roniotioi\. Ilo ha<l his nun 
iitulor iroixl (iisoiplino, ami at the siinio tinio was 
londorly ix'srariifiil of thoir welfare, so tlial he was 
a favorite with all. anil ho inspired them to do 
thoir duty nohlyon many a hotly -i-ontested battle- 
tiold. where their valor and prowess helped to carry 
the day. He fearless in the faee of danjicr 
and always led the way in niakini; an attack, his 
inspiritinsr cry of "Come on, boys" encouraging 
even the most faint-hearted when the enemy was 
to Iv braved. The following is .a li.-l of the bat- 
tles in which the t'olonel earned his spurs: Corinth, 
( Miss.). Mill ."Springs. Kingston. Mossy Creek. Kocky- 
Kaced Rid^o. Kenosaw Mountain, AtlanUi, Uesaca, 
and Dallas. In the eniragement at Mos-sy Creek, 
the drum of his left ear was burst by the concus- 
sion of a swiftly jiassing shell. He entered tlie 
service a vigorous, stalwart man, although p.ast 
the prescribed forty-five yeai-s at which men were 
allowed to enlist, and he withstood the terrible 
hardships and trials of military life with admirable 
fortitude until he honorably discharged from 
the army in March, 1SG4. 

On his return from Southern battleliclds. Col. 
Motl resumed the practice of law, and w,'is ac- 
tivelv engaged in his profession until liis retire- 
ment from the liar in l.S'JO. His busines.i has been 
remunerative, and he is in receipt of a good in- 
come from his property. He one hundred and 
twenty acres of land in Noble Township, and sixty- 
five acres in St. Mary"s Township that has a good 
oil well on it, which pays over #100 a month. 
The Colonel h,T.s alw.ays been prominent in the 
councils of the Democrats of this section, and has 
attended nearly every .State convention held by 
his party in (Jhio since 183G. Socially, ho is a 
memt*r of Kishler Post No. 8.3. H. A. 1!.. and ho 
h.o.- the distinction of being one of the oldest 
Ma.»ons in the county, having lieen connected with 
the fiaternity since l^HO. a period of fifty-two 

In \>i\Z. our subject was happily wodilcd lo Mrs. 
Carf>line (Kepner) I'ickroll. a native of Si. M:ii\ - 
Town.<ihip. in whom he has had a faithful and 

tondor wilo. Twolvo childion linvo boon born to 
tlioni. of wlioni two died in inf.uioy, and four died 
at a hilor poiiod of life: Thomas, Anna V.., Harry 
ancl l.ulu. Those living are: .lohn, Walter N., 
Mollio li.. CluuU's W.. Bon and Nollio. 

II.I.IA.M SI'OKKK. :in intluon(i:il I'armor 
,1, -,,,,. of (ireone Township, Shelby County, 
\jf'^' operates an estate of eighty acres, and 
through unremitting indvistry has beoonio woll-tci- 
do. He is tlio .son ot Ciittoii and S.-iUio (Ticklo) 
.Stoker, natives of Virgini:i, where tlioy wore mar- 
ried and whence llioy emigrated to this .State about 
eighty years ago. They made their home for two 
years in Mad RiverTownship, Groone County, .-iiiil 
then took up their abode six miles north of D.-iy- 
ton on a wild farm, which the father bad located. 
They made their home there for thirty-tive years, 
and then coming to Shelby County, located in 
Orange and Greene Townships, just west of Platts- 
ville. They were the parents of nine children, two 
of whom are now living, our subject and his sister 
Elizabeth, Mrs. Bowlsby. The wife and mother 
died in 1832. 

Mr. Stoker w.'us married a second time, by whicli 
union he became the father of one child, George 
W., who served a period of three years during the 
Civil War. The father died in 18Gy,and his wife, 
who survived him many years, departed this life 
in 1890. William, of tliis sketch, was boin Sej)- 
teniber 22, 1822, in Montgomery County, Ohio. 
and .as he w.os called upon to aid his father in oper- 
ating the home farm, received but limited advan- 
tages for obtaining an education. Ho began life 
for himself when sixteen years of .age by working 
out on farms for other parties, and in this manner 
got a start in the world. 

In 184.'). Mr. Stoker and Miss Elizabeth Iluies- 
man were united in marriage. They became the 
parents of two children, only one of whom, Jose- 
jihiiM-. ^Ir-. Young, is now living. The mother 
iliod in IH.'*!, and seven years later our subject was 




married to Sophia Kellenbarger, and to them was 
born a family of four children, one of whom is 
deceased. Those living are Alice, Mrs. Fiddler; 
Rosa, Mrs. Campijell; and John W. Mrs. Stoker 
died in 1870, and tlie lady to whom our subject 
was married April 27, 1879, still survives; she bore 
the maiden name of Eliza E. Peekham. The two 
cluldren born of this union were Henry Ward and 
Clara Avada. 

lie of whom we write came to this county in 
1858, and located upon his present estate of eighty 
acres, which bore but slight improvements. He 
now has the greater portion of it under cultivation, 
and embellished with all the needful farm build- 
ings, not the le.ast among which is his comfortable 
residence, which was erected in 1873 at a cost of 
^1,672. Mrs. Stoker is a member of the United 
Brethren Church, and our subject is liberal in his 
religious views, giving cheerfully of his means to 
the support of all denominations. He has served 
efficiently in the office of School Director, and as 
an active politician votes with the Democratic 
party, casting his fii-st vote for James K. Polk. 

,Tpj\,ENJAMIX SWEIGART, a well-to-do and 
jl^^ greatly respected farmer, residing on sec- 
/£5) I tion G, St. ilary's Township, has one of 
^S# the best oil-producing farms in Auglaize 
County, finely located on the borders of the great 
St. Mary's Reservoir, the largest artificial body of 
water in the world. Jlr. Sweigart was born April 
1). IS 11, in Cynthiana Township, Shelby County, of 
uhicli his father, Henrj- Sweigart, was an early 

Henry Sweig.-irt was born in Pennsylvania in 
180-4, and was of (Jerman descent. Early in life 
lie migialod to Ohio, and cast in his fortunes with 
the pioneers of Shelby County, purchasing a tract 
of wild land in Cynthiana Township, wliich he de- 
veloped into a good farm. The country was full 
of deer, bears, wolves and other wild animals, and 
he had plenty i.if opportunities f<.>r exercising his 

skill as a marksman. Being very fond of bunt- 
ing, he supplied the family table with many a de- 
licious haunch of venison and other choice game. 
The dwelling that he erected a tvpical pioneer 
home, built of round logs, and had a puncheon 
floor and clapboard roof. He lived on his farm 
until he became quite old, and then, selling it at a 
good price, removed to St. Mary's Township, and 
spent his last days in tliis county, dyingat a ven- 
erable age in 1886. His first wife, Mary Lyons, a 
native of Pennsylvania, died in 1864. She was 
the mother of ten children, of whom seven are 
living, and our subject is the sixth child of the 
family in order of birth. The father was again 
married after coming to Auglaize Countv. 

Our subject's educational advantages were mea- 
gre. When he first went to school, the schools 
were held in log houses that were rudely furnished 
with slab scats without backs, and they were con- 
ducted on the subscription plan. When he- was 
eighteen j-ears old, he went out to work on a farm, 
and was employed in splitting rails, cutting cord- 
wood, clearing land, and in similar pioneer tasks. 
After his marriage, he turned his attention to 
farming on his own account, and in 1868 came to 
St. Mary's, bought property, and lived in the city 
three years, working at various occuiiations. In 
1871, he purch.ased thirtj-seven acres of land on 
section 6, St. Mary's Township; he has since bought 
other land, and now has one hundred and seventj- 
two acres in all, of which fifty-two acres are on 
section 6 of the townshij) just mentioned, wliile 
the remainder is a tract of eighty acres and another 
of forty acres, in Mercer County. His home farm 
is very rich in oil, and five wells have already been 
drilled; the first one, March 1. 1890, having a ca- 
pacity of four hundred and fifty barrels, and the 
next two yielded three hundred barrels each, at 

Mr. Sweigart was first iiiarncil in ISCl. to Miss 
Annie Kelch. whose death occurred after a short 
wedded life, in l.SG:!. She left one child. Mary IL. 
who died at the age (.>f five and oiie-lialf years. 
Mr. Sweigart was again married in 1-S6I. Miss 
Xancy -\nn Stout becoming his wife. She was a 
native of Pennsylvania, of (iernian descent, and 
came to Ohio with her parents. Slie died April .'5, 

rouruAir ami luor-UAriiuAi. kkcoko. 

ISS". loaviii<r twelve cliildivn: Fnink, Aiigoliiu'. 
K:«to, l">:uiiol. Simon, .lolin. Kose K., Klizaliolli, 
Iloiiry. Uiissell. Klij:\li and Nor.i K. In 18>s;l. Mr. 
Swei^iit w.i.< nmrrioil lo Mi-s. KlizalH-lli (^Kicliardsl 
l.ipp. She i> a niemlH-r of tlie Metliodist K.pisi-opal 
(.'linivli. and one of it? active workei'S. Her husband 
iH'lonpi to the I liuroh of (iod, and is iiilhiential 
in its upbuilding. In politics, he is a l>einoci:it. 
lie has cx|KMienivd the u|<s and di>\vii> of lifo.lmt 
h:L< worked bi-avely on in spite of cvim v obslaclo, 
and has met with the reward due to his jKMsever- 
anoe and industry. He is a conscientious. straight- 
forward man. rigidly hone.-l ami upright in liis 
daily walk, .aivonimodating and kiinlly in spirit. 
and stands well with his fellow-men. 

The attention of the reader is invilod In :i vii \v 
of Mr. Sweigart's attractive homestead, and also 
his porlniit, el^ewhore shown. 

.^^KOROK W. FILKKR.SON. M. 1). The 
profession of medicine is one tlial calls 
for keenness of ju<lgment and acciir.acy of 
knowled;:e. together with an almost instinctive ap- 
preciation of effects, differing in qu.ality from that 
needed in any other calling. To s,ay that a man is 
a successful physician is therefore high praise, al- 
thou-rh it may be no more than the pei-son re- 
ferred to merits. Dr. Kulkerson li:is been a resi- 
dent of \Vvnant for many years, and by his success 
in his chosen work has won an excellent reputation 
a- a physician. 

lie of whom we write was boin in New York 
City. St^ptomlier 1. lf<2><. and is a <"t\ of .losoph 
Karlins Kulkerson. who was born in ll'Ji't. in New 
.lersey. of Dutch and Knglish extraction. Win ii 
a voun'.r man. the father of our subject wenl to 
I'ennsvlvania an<l in 1822 was married to .Mar- 
iraret Mcs.-inger. After establishing a home of his 
own. he resided in E.aston. that SUite. until about 
li<2t;. when he removed t<^ New York City and en- 
"aiied in the manuf.acturing business. Thinking 

lo belter lu> condition in the farther \Vc>t, the 
ehler .Mr. 1-iilUcrson in l.s.!;) look up his abode in 
Monroe t'ounty. this State, where he was variously 
engaged for sonu' time, lie subseqiuMitly moved 
to r>ucyrus. ('r:iuford County, wlieic liis death oc- 
curred Aprd ,-<. 1S7I; he was followed I,) llic better 
land that same year by hi- wife, wlio, like liini- 
self. wa.- a con-i-tcnt member of llir .Mctlioili-t 
F.|>i--.-opal Cliuivli. 

lie of whom « e wiile is the fourth in order of 
birth of the parental family of nine cliildrcn. live 
of whom are now li\ inir. lb' was given an ex- 
cellenL education, his primary studies being con- 
ducted in the district schools in .Steuben County. N. 
Y.,and he later took a thonuigh course in the High 
.School. He lemained umler the parental roof until 
reaching his majority, at which lime he commenced 
the study of medicine under Dr. .loel .lohnslon. 
of Bucyrus. After a short time thus engaged, he 
removed with Dr. .lohnston to Bel lefontaine, where 
they eng.aged in the drug business until 18.").'). 
Then dissolving partnership. Dr. I'lilkerson went to 
Plca.sant Hill, this State, and associated himself 
with Dr. Cal)K . wliicli ccumection lasted for about 
two years. 

In 18.57. Dr. Fulkcrson and Miss Elizabeth 
Nishwitz. of ^Vest Milton, Miami County, this 
State, were united in marri.age and the same year 
came to Newport, where they have since resided. 
The Doctor then entered the Kclectic Jledical 
Institute at Cincinnati, from which institution he graduated with the degree of Doctor of Medi- 
cine in 18G0 and since that time he has been en- 
gaged in the successful and skillful jiractice of his 

Mi"S. Fulkeison only lived (me year .after her 
marriage and in 1876 the Doctor was married to 
Jliss M.aggie. daughter of I). C. Mills, one of the 
pioneers of Cynthiana Township. Slielby County. 
Mrs. I-'nIkcrsou born near .Vcwiioit in IH.Vi. 
and li\' her union with our siibj.M-t liccaiiic I lie mo- 
ther of three children: .lolin M.. Wajlci- K. and 
William A. 

During the laic CivilWar, l)i-. iMiikciMin took 
a very decided stand in favor of llic I'liion and 
rendered valuable assisUinee to tin; • Mivciiinu'nL 
during that period, by encouraging men to enlist. 



agreeing to render medical aid to the family of 
every soldier in tlie township free of charge. He 
has ahva^vs been a stanch adlierent of tlie Republi- 
can part\- but never an office-seeker, as he prefers 
to devote his time to his private interests and let 
tliose wlioni he considers better qualified fill public 
positions. Religiously, with his wife, he is con- 
nected with the Methodist Episcopal Church and 
prior to becoming a member of that denomination selected as one of its Trustees and placed upon 
the building committee. lie has since been elected 
to various positions in the church and gives liber- 
ally of his means tow.ard its support. 

In social matters, Dr. Fiilkerson is an Odd Fel- 
low and a member of the Eclectic Medical Associa- 
tion of Ohio. In addition to the practice of liis 
profession, he superintends the operations of five 
farms wliich comprise nearly five liundred acres 
and of which he is the proprietor. He is at pres- 
ent residing in a substantial and comfortable brick 
residence which also contains bis office and where 
is to be found every convenience for the prosecu- 
tion of his studies. 



Il.LlAM P. WILKINS. Of thatsturdy and 

M independent class, the farmers of Ohio, 
^ ^ none are possessed of more genuine merit 
or stronger character than William P. Wilkins, 
who has attained to a success which is justly- de- 
served by his systematic and careful, tliorougli 
manner of work. 

Tlie grandparents of our subject, James Riley 
and ilaiv Wilkins, were natives of Maryland, and 
the grandfather was the firet of his family to 
move to the boundless West. In 1«1!). he emi- 
grated to the Buckeye State and located on a farm 
on Carter Creek, south of St. Clary's. Au^daize 
County, whose inhabitants at that time were Ind- 
ians and uihl animals. The father was at Ft. Wayne 
when the Indians were beaten in their last battle 
and driven from Auglaize County, and he saw 
them as they pas^ed the fort on horseback after 

the battle. He bought a pony, saddle and bridle 
of an Indian for io. but these were afterward 
stolen by the redskins. However, a friendly In<l- 
ian agreed to return them for ^.5 and a bottle of 
whiskey, and thus Mr. Wilkins recovered his prop- 
erty. On several occasions during the absence of 
her husband, Mrs. Wilkins, with her children, lav 
concealed under the puncheon floor of their cabin 
during ransacking visits made by the Indians, who 
[lillaged and destroyed to their hearts' content. 

To Jlr. and Mrs. Wilkins were born five chil- 
dren, two now living. Both grandparents were 
members of the United Brethren Church, and the 
grandfather was a Democrat in his political attil- 
iations. The father of our subject, .Tames Wilkins, 
was born in Maryland in 1813, and emigrated to 
Blooinfield, Pickaw.ay County, Ohio, with his par- 
ents in 1818. He grew to manhood in this SUite 
and was here married to Mr^. M.ay Hudson, of 
^Maryland. Afterward, he removed to a farm in 
the wilds of Auglaize Count3% and when he desired 
to go to mill obliged to take his grist to Pick- 
away, thirty miles. In this unsettled community 
and amid scenes of pioneer life were reared five 
children, only one, Lewis, besides our subject now 

Mr. and Mre. Wilkins were members of the 
I'nited Brethren Church, and the latter w;is a Class- 
leader in the same for thirty-seven yeai's. Like his 
father, he was a strong advocate of Democratic 
principles. He assisted in constructing the canal 
and reservoir west of St. JIary's. Mr. and JIis. 
Wilkins were economical .and industrious, and .ac- 
cumulated a comfortable competence by their in- 
dustry and good management, being enabled to 
p.ass their last days in peace and plenty. She re- 
ceived her final summons in 18tji>,and he followed 
her to the grave in 1874. 

The subject of this memoir was born in .Auglaize 
County in 1844, received a good practical educa- 
tion in the common schools, and after growinu: uji 
selected the occupation U> which he had been 
reared, farming, as his pursuit in life. He was 
married, in 18G'J, to Jliss Lydia Needles, a daugh 
tcr of James and .Sarah Needles, of Franklin 
C(^unty. and shortly after marriage settled on a 
farm in Auglaize Countv. The same year, he re- 


rOHTliAir AM) BUH'.KAn!l(.Al. KIX'OKP. 

niovod from lliero to Krniikliii County luid thence to 
Auglaize County in 1ST7. He li:is sini-e cleared 
fifty of the one hinulreil :intl tifty-fimr acres he 
now owns. Of the thrtv chiMi-en Ihou to his mar- 
riage, only two are now living: .Tames 1,. and ."Nirah 
Ellen. Our subject and his wife are members of 
the I'nited Brethren Clmirli. and ho is a Cl.ass- 
leader in the same. In politics, he follows in the 
f»>titste[v< of his ancestors and is a Democrat, lie 
has held the ortice of .lust ice of the I'eace. He is 
a very prominent farinei- ami a man well liked by 



OllN 11. BAILKY. who a beautiful and 
well-equipped farm in ."^alem Township, oc- 
cupies an imporUinl pl.ace in the agricul- 
tural community of Auglaize County as a 
sagacious, progressive farmer, who is using his in- 
fluence to raise the st.andard of stock bred within 
its borders. Our subject was born in Highland 
County .June 26, 1840, and is of the old pioneer 
stock of the State, and can also trace his ancestry 
Kack to the Pilgrims of the "Maytlowcr." 

John Riiley. the father of our subject, was a na- 
tive of Virginia, and was a son of Thomas Bailey, 
also a N'irginian by birth. In 1808, the grand- 
father of our subject left his early home in the 
()\<^ Dominion, and journeying across the moun- 
tains and over a wild, scarcely habitable country, 
made his w.ay to Highland Couuly, Ohio, and lo- 
cated on land about five miles from the county 
seat, being one of the original settlers of tliat re 
gion. Ho devoted the busy years that followed to 
clearing and improving his land, and also engaged 
U> some extent in his trade as a bl.acksmith. He 
was of the (Quaker faith, and a very line old man. 
whose generous, kindly nature gained for him a 
warm place in the hearts of his fellow-pioneers, by 
whom he was greatly mourned when he passed 
from the scenes of earth. November 27, I8.")8. at 
the venerable age of eighty-four years. 

.John Bailey became a good practical farmer in 
Hishland County, where he died .July 10, 1884, in 

his scvoiily-nintli year. U;i\ iiig behind him a high 
reputation ;vs .h man of strict morality, and of un- 
swerving honesty in all things. He wi\s reared in 
the IJuaker faith, hut later in life joined the 
Dunkard ( liunli. lie was twice married and was 
the father ipf eight childiiMi. who lived to mature 
years, of whom two were liy his lirst marriage. 
His second wife, tlie mother of our subject, was 
Sarah Kinzei, a native of Highland County, while 
her people were from Pennsylvania originally, and 
were among the early pioneers of that countv. 
She died in 1888 at a ripe old age. 

The subject of this biographical review is the 
third child and eldest son of his father's second 
marriage. His education was such as could be ob- 
tained in the pioneer schools of his day, the one 
that he attended in his childhood being taught in 
a small log house, the dimensions of which were 
10x18 feet, and tlie scats were made of slabs. He 
was reared to the life of a farmer, and was well 
grounded in all that pertains to agricultuie, on 
his father's farm. ,\t the age of twent\-one, he 
left the (laternal home to shoulder life's burdens 
elsewliere, and settled in -Mien County, where he 
took up tlu' tiade of a I'arpenter in I8G2. I-"or 
thirteen years, he was activel}- engaged in contract- 
ing and building in that county and in this. At 
the end of that time, he resumed his early calling, 
locating on land on sections 31 and .')2, .'^a- 
lera Townshij), a part of which his father had 
owned for some years. By skillful and perse- 
vering toil, he cleared his land, has it well 
drained by tiles, and has its one hundred and sev- 
enty acres under the best of tillage, while neat and 
roomy huihliiigs for every needed purp(jse have 
been erected. ()ri another [lagc, a view of this 
pleasant rural abode is shown. .Mr. Bailey is 
greatly interested in stock, and has a valuable 
llock of .Shropshire sheep, and has been engaged 
ill breeding Galloway cattle for the past three 
years, being a pioneer in the introduction of that 
celebrated breed, and already has a fine herd, 
which is the onl_v one of that blood in the west- 
ern part of the county. 

In 187.5, Mr. Bailey was wedded t(j Mi.^s l.avina 
.J. Ix^vett, a native of Fairfield County. Her father 
died when she was quite young, while her mother 

'■T*J' ^ 





is still living, and is a beloved inmate of her home. 
She was well educated in her girlhood, and taught 
school several terms. Mr. and Mrs. Bailey are 
(Quakers in their religious faith, and are araong the 
leading members of the Church of Friends, in 
which he is an Elder and she is a well-known min- 
ister and also Superintendent of the Quarterly 
Meetings, her religious work, to which she is do- 
voted heart and soul, oceup3ing much of her time. 
She IS a woman of a sweet, refined, earnest nature, 
and of a pleasant personality, possessing much 
strength of character withal, and her spiritual gifts 
are many. She has a cultured mind, and been 
quite a student of the Bible, and is' considered a 
power for great good in her church. Mr. and 
Mrs. Bailey's marriage has been hallowed to them 
by the birth of five children. Amy L., Mortimer, 
Alvin A. and Minnie (twins), and Harvey. Mr. 
Bailey is a true gentleman in every sense of the 
word, courteous, frank, and warm-hearted, and all 
charitable objects meet with generous encourage- 
ment from him. He has never been an aspirant 
for political honors, but is a good worker in the 
interests of the Republican party. His father was 
an old-line Whis. 


AMEL B. LIXDEMUTH. In studying the 
genealogy of the Lindemuth family in 
Araeiica, we find that our subject's great- 
grandfather, Ludwick Liudemuth. a native of 
Wurtemberg. Germany, was the first to settle upon 
American soil. There is a tradition in the fam- 
ily to the effect that one of the ancestors of this 
family at about the beginning of the six- 
teenth century, the chief officer in the veterinary 
department of the King of Austria. Ludwick 
Lindemuth, together with several of his sons, fust 
came to America in 1730, preceding the mother 
and remaining children a few months, in order 
to search for a suitable location. A settlement 
was made at a place called Steitzer, now Leb- 
anon, in Pennsylvania, and here the farailv re- 

sided until 1748, when they located in Lancas- 
ter County, Pa., purchasing, second-handed, a 
part of the original Penn estate. (Our subject 
now has the deed signed by William, Thomas, and 
Richard Penn, conveying the land to the gentleman 
from whom his great-grandfather subsequentlv 
purchiised it.) Although comparatively little is 
known of Ludwick Lindemuth, there is sufficient 
evidence to convince one that lie was a man of 
education and unusual business capacity. He died 
in Lancaster County, Pa., when quite an aged 
man. He reared a large family of sons, and two 
of them, Jacob and George, were soldiers in the 
Revolutionary War. The former, though a com- 
mon farmer, promoted to a high office and 
l)iesented witli a silver-plated sword in considera- 
tion of his distinguished services. 

■lohn P. Lindemuth, the grandfather of our 
subject, born in mid-ocean while his mother 
and a part of the family were en route to Amer- 
ica to join the father. After reaching man's 
estate, Mr. Lindemuth selected agricultural pur- 
suits as his chosen occupation, and became a verv 
thrifty and successful fanner, owning two hundred 
and twelve .acres, and purch.asing four other farms 
for liis children. He a member of the Luth- Church, was active in all religious work, and 
used to go twelve miles to Lancaster to church. 
He was first a Jacksonian Democrat, but later ho 
transferred his allegiance to the AVhig party, with 
which he remained until his death, which occurred 
when he seventy-nine years of atre. He reared 
ten children, five sons and five daughters, as fol- 
lows: .Jacob, Peter, Louis, George, .Tohn, Mrs. 
Gormer. Mi-s. Zeigler. Mrs. Yetter, Mi-s. Long, and 
Mrs. Kuntz. 

.lohn Lindemuth, f,ather of our subject, born 
in Lancaster County, Pa., in the year 1799, and early trained to the duties of farm life, which 
occupation he carried on in his native county un- 
til his death, which occurred when he was but 
thirty-eight years of age. He married Miss Eliz.a- 
bet!i Balmer, a native of Lancaster County, Pa., 
born in 1800, and three children were born of this 
union: Daniel B.. Barbara (deceased), and Solo- 
mon P., who resides in York County, Pa. The 
father was a member of the Lutheran Church, and 


:i Wbiir ill liis iHililicnl \ iows. l.iko lii- fallur. lie 
\y.n\ follitwed tlio CKVii|vntu>ii ot fanniii';. and .it 
the tiino of lii* lionlli »:u< tlio owner of one liun- 
ilroti and forly-tivo :UTe# in his native Stale. Aftei- 
his death, tlic mother nianiod IXivid Tanirer. by 
whom she had two children, David 15. ami S:»rah 
A. The mother reitivod her final summons when 
eiilhtv-six years of ace. She was a member of the 
Krf.nmed C'hiirrli. 

Daniel 1!. I.indennith also ilainis IVnnsy Ivania 
as his native State, and was born in I.;\ncastor 
County on the 18lh of Mareh. ISlM. When six- 
teen yeai-s of aire, he came lo Clarke County. Ohio. 
making the journey by mil lo Chainberslnirgli. I'a.. 
and by st.agx; to /.anesville. Ohio, whore they refused 
to aivept his shinplaster money. Oponini; his 
trunk, he t«x>k out three bundles of clotliinsr. and 
wiih the^e on his back he st,irU>il on foot for Clarke 
lounty. The first day he made thirty-seven miles, 
and one hundred niile< in the next three-days. He 
sold a vest pattern in Columbus to a negro for 
sixty-two cents, and with this he bought crackers, 
on which he lived until he reached his grand- 
father lialmer's pl,ace in Clark County. Hero ho 
worked by the month for seven months, and then 
learned the milling business at Adam Raker's mill, 
.and worked at this for three yeai-s. lie subse- 
ipiently returned to Pennsylvania, worked at the 
milling business in that State for a few months, 
and on the I'.Hh of December, 1«43, he waj< mar- 
ried to Miss Ann C. Snyder. a native of Lanc:isler 
County. I'a.. Ixuii August S. 1822. Eight children 
have lieen bom of this marriage: Olivia C... born 
Noveml>er 10, 1814; Alice C.. September 20. InKJ: 
Kmma M.. March 8. 184'.t; .John F.. November 3, 
18.')1; Simon R. S.. April 28. l.H.-jl: Mary K., .Tune 
22. 18.57: Mark C.. M.iy 10. l.**!;!; and Oladie A., 
March 6. l.-^O.j. 

Mr. I.indemuth was the owner of about soventy- 
ihree acres in lii.s native Slate, but sold this in 
April. 18.54, and then moved to Logan County. 
Ohio, where he Ijought his [jresent farm. \l that 
time, a sm.all portion of it had been cleared, a loir 
"•abin had been erected, and on this unilevelopod 
piece of land our subject and his family loo:ited. 
.Manv and vx't have been the changes made in this 
farm since then, and all through the industry and 

good maM:iL;onu'iit of our ^ubjo^•l :uid his ostiuia- 
ble wife, who h:is boon a holpmato indood. 'I'hey 
now own two hundred and thirty acres in a body 
here, and in connection with farming, .Mr. l.indo- 
niuth is actively engaged in slook-r:iisiiig. niid has 
.-onie extra lino Short-horn o:illlo. llo orootod a 
fine brick rcsidonco in IST.'i. a hiigo fraino liaru in 
18.'*2, and has other goo(i iniprovoinonl,-- on his 
lilaoo. llo is ouo of [he proMiinont old soMlors, 
:\nd a popular and wimUIiv faiiiior of Mio county. 
In him, tliecomniuuity has a faithful and unswerv- 
ing friend, ever alert to serve its best inlorest.s,and 
^onerous in his contributions toward every inove- 
niont lending to the general advancement. A Ke- 
piiblican in jwlitios. Mr. l.iudomulh has held the 
ollice of Land Appr:ii^or of the township, and 
other local ]io>itioiis. Tlio grandfather of Mrs. 
Lindoniulh. .loliii Kioli, oanio lo Amorii'a in 177:!. 
landing in ri:illimoro, whoro ho was sold lo a 
(Quaker for four years for the amount of his 
age money, which was X22, 4s. (id. After serving 
his time, in 1781 ho married in York, Pa., to 
.Susanna Maria I'.utsingorin, who born in 17.')0, 
in llos^o-l)arm>lalll, Oorniany. Tier father sick- - 
oikmI :uid died on the v<iy:igo :uid was buried at 
sea. The daughters wore sold for their pass.age on 
landing on American soil. I\Irs. Rich died Octo- 
ber ,T. 178 1, and hor husband was a second time mar- 
ried. On .Tuly 7. 1780, he married Anna Marga- 
ret I.ul/.. who was the grandmother of Mr. I.inde- 
muth. .lohn Rich died in 1807, and was buried at 
t^uickel's Church, seven miles west of York, Pa. 

,/^Ji> AMTKI, \. r.lCllANAX, one of Iho prom- 
inent cilizoMs of liollefontaino, is a native 
of this Stale, having been born in Lancas- 
ter, l-'airlield County, September 7.1 HID. 

IIo is tl-.e son of the Rev. .lames II. and .Maiy S. 

(Carpenter) Kuchanan. natives of Fail liold Counly. 

this Slate, and of Scotch and German origin, ro- 

spectively. .Samuel Carpenter, Sr., the grandf.alhor 



of our subject, was a native of Lancaster Count}-, 
Pa., and as a surveyor and civil engineer em- 
ployed by llie Government from 182i» to 18:5iJ in 
milking surveys of land. 

The father of our subject was a minister in the 
United Presbyterian Church, his first charge being 
at Birmingham, Pa., to which he w:is appointed in 
;°X7^and his hist pastorate was at Sunny Hill, 
Henry Couni,> ,Iii. On his dece.ise, which occurred 
in 18S;5, he left four children. Samuel A., Robert 
v.. Mary L. and Charles H. He was a very prom- 
inent man in his SLate and for thirteen years was 
Principal and owner of the Oxford Female Insti- 
tute, now tlie Oxford College, of this State. 

The gentleman whose name heads this sketch 
received an excellent education, having attended 
the Miami I'niversity at Oxford and the ()liio State 
University at Columbus, tliis State. On account 
of limited means, due to reverses and heavy losses, 
his fatlier was muible to give liim any assisUince 
while at college, and in order to defr.ay his ex- 
[lenses, he worked everv available hour outside of 
recitations, thus earning enough monej' to ynxy his 
w.ay through college, the course including civil 
engineering, which profession he had determined 
to follow. Having learned the trade of house- 
painting in an early day, young Buchanan earned 
quite a sum of money while in school by following 
tliis occu])ation during his vacations. 

After completing his studies, Mr. Buchanan of 
this .sketch began work as a civil engineer in Lo- 
gan County, and for twelve years was in charge of 
county bridges, during which time he planned and 
superintended the construction of all the impor- 
tant bridges in the county, inelnding the large 
two-span iron bridge over the Miami River at 
Ouincy. wliich was the firet bridge built under his 
iliiertion. Subsequently, he built two iron bridges 
over the same river at Logansville, the stone piers 
and abutments being constructed under his per- 
sonal supervision. All tliesc bridges, and many 
others equally as substantial, are still standing as 
an evidence of liis skill and judgment in his pro- 

Mr. Buchanan served two terms as County Sur- 
veyor, from 1882 to 1888, and during that time, 
in company with D. W. Pampel. Associate Sur- 

veyor of Shelby County, located the line which 
determined the boundary between Shelby and Lo- 
gan Counties. During his incumbency of that 
ollice, he also, in connection with the County Sur- 
veyor of Hardin County, 3Ir. N. H. Col well, estab- 
lished the old county line, which run in 1820 
between Hardin and Logan Counties, and also 
planted all the monuments which still stand t(^ 
perpetuate the line .as by him located. Mr. 15u- 
clianan later, with .Samuel Craig. Survevoi- of Au- 
glaize County, retiticed and established the old 
line between that county apd Logan, but bv vote 
of the two counties this was then changed from 
the old line, which cut diagonally at an acute an- 
gle the section .and land lines to its present 
place, so as to follow, instead of intercepting, sec- 
tional lines. 

It was discovered by our subject that local at- 
traction so influenced the m.agnetic needle that the 
north line of Logan County, from the northeast 
corner running west to a point north of Belle 
Centre, was a gradual curve to the south, making in 
this distance a deflection amounting to a little 
more than one-fourth of a mile. The old line was 
run by a surveyor's comp.ass and was supposed to 
be perfectl\- straight until the transit line run by 
Mr. Buchanan proved it otherwise. 

October 2, 1878, Miss Livy Lusk was united in 
marri.age with our subject, the ceremony being per- 
formed in the Presb3-terian Church in Oxford, 
Ohio. The young couple came immediately to this 
cit\' and began housekeeping in a small house, 
whicli tifey occupied, however, only six months 
when they took up their abode in a brick and 
frame dwelling on .Sandusky Street. Mr. Buchanan 
says. '•! moved my household goods from my first 
home to this second one in a wliecl-barrow. and 
did not have many loads at that." In that place 
his first child. Sutton Richey, born, Ma\' 12, 
1880, and in .September, 188-1, he purcluased the 
comfortable home which he now occupies on Gar- 
field Avenue. 

In 1890. our subject organized the Buchanan 
Bridge Company with a capital stock of SlO.OOO, 

I which increased the following year to ?^25.00(). 

i The corapanv since its ors.anization been verv 
prosperous and is one for which all the citizens of 

rOlMKAir AN!1 KIOi;K.\rniCAL kixdrd. 

Ix-llofonUinr feci a kindly iiitoresl. The ofllco 
Mid shop, which is Kx-ntod on Garfield Avenue, 
al>out a s«iuare west of Mr. Hiiohanan's re.<ideni-e. 
iHvupies three-fourths of an .tore of arround. l>ur 
s«l>je<.-t is President of the eotnpanv and one of the 
prineiivnl stockholders. With his wife, he is a con- 
sistent, active nieml»er of the Kinst I'l-esbyterian 
Chuivli. and numbers hosts of friends throughout 
this (H^rtion of the St.ite. 

IIAKI.KS t. CooKSTllN.fariiU'r niul stock- 
raiser, residing three miles and a-half from 
West LilH.Tt\-. Ohio, is justly conoeiled a 
pl.ace among the enterprising, intluential men of 
worth in this conirounily. Not only is he es- 
teemed :vs one of the pioneers of the county, but .as 
one of ils progressive and substantial citizens. He 
tirst saw the light of day in Franklin County. 
Pa., nenr C'hainbcrsburgb. March 16. l.s-.>-.', and 
his father, Thomas Cookston. a native of the 
same county and State, and w.ts there reared. The 
grandfather, Charles Cookston, was an Knglish- 
inan. and came to America when a young man. 

Thomas Cookston, the father of our f ubject, 
married Miss Mary K. Staley, a native of Franklin 
County. Pa., and the daughter of .lacob .'^taley. 
who was Ivorn in tiermany. and who came to the 
United .States and settled in Pennsylvania when a 
young man. Mr. and Mi's. Cookston were married 
in Franklin County. P.a.. and there resided until 
1-1.30. the father following the shoemaker's trade. 
At that date they came to Ohio, located in .Musk- 
ingum County, and there followed farming for 
five years. From there they moved to Logan 
County. Ohio, in 183.i. settled in a log house in 
I'nion Township, and began clearing an unim- 
pr'jved tract of land. >[rs. Cookston died m 1841. 
and Mr. Cookston afterward moved to Jlonroe 
Tijwnihip. Logan County, and settled on the farm 
now owned by our subject. Mere his death 
•xx-urred in \>*'\. His first Presidential vote was cx<t 
for.Iackson, after which he vrAed the Kepublican 

ticket. He was Laiui Appraiser in IMIO. :iiul in re- 
ligion » strong Methodist, and an oxhorter in 
the Methodist Church. He was a good man, well 
known .as a worker in the cliinch. and a Class-leader 
ne.irly his entiii' life. Il<' wns mvcr without 
ottkv in the church. 

Of the eight children bom to this iiuuli-e.-lfonied 
couple, our subject the el(U>t. and two_^ -^,..,' 
and two danghtei-s are now living. When eight 
years of age, Charles C. came to Ohio with his 
parents, and his first scholastic training 
received in tlie schools of Muskingum County, 
Ohio. Wlii'ii eighteen ycai-s of age, he began 
learning the carpenter's trade at West Liberty, but 
as he did not like the business, .soon gave it up. On 
the 18th of March, 181."), he married in Logan 
County, Ohio, to Jliss Margaret Strayer, daughter 
of Nicholas and Rebecca (White.aah) Str.ayer, and 
a native of Berkeley County, Vn., of which .State 
her parents were also native.-, .^he w:is liorn on 
the 20th of February. 1821. and came to Ohio 
with her parents in 183:3. Directly after marriage, 
our subject located in Lnion Township, this 
county, resided there four years and then moved 
to Plea.sant Township, the same county, wlicre he 
bought his fii-bt farm of ninety .acres, on which he 
resided six years. He then moved to the village 
of De Graff, Logan County, and for three years 
was in the livery business there. He traded his 
propertv there for a farm of one hundred and 
.sixtv-six acres in .Miami Township, just west of 
the village of De Graff, and was engaged in gen- 
eral farming there for six years. He then sold 
his farm and enlisted in the One lliuulred and 
Thirty-second Ohio Infantry, in the one liundn-d 
dav service, and discharged on the Hllh of 
Septerater, I8t>5. 

Returning home, he found lliat .Mrs. Cookston 
hail rented a farm just .across the road from the 
farm that he had sold, and he remained there two 
years, when he bought the place where he now 
lives. Six children have been born to this union, 
five sons and one daughter: F. enlisted 
Willi his f;itlier in the army and dischargeil 
at the same time. He subsequently went to Kan- 
sas, wxs married, and there died on the 17th of 
.I.anuarv. 1877. .Joseph H. was married in St. Louis, 


Mo., and now resides in Union County, Ohio, 
wliere he owns a farm of one hundred and eight 
acres; Marj- E., wife of J. O. Hunter, resides on a 
farm in Champaign County, Ohio; Horace W. 
niairied and resides in JIarion County, Ohio, 
where he is engaged in fanning and breeding fine 
horses; William L. married, and resides in Logan 
County, Ohio, at Belle Centre, where he is engaged 
in the hotel and livery business; and Clifford G. 
married, and is with his brother in the livery 
business. The latter is a civil engineer, and laler 
expects to make civil engineering his occupation. 
Mr. Cookslon has a fine farm of one hundred 
and thirteen .acres, but rents his place. He advo- 
cates the principles of the Republican part}-, and 
has held a number of county oltices. He was 
Township Trustee for some time, held the oftice of 
County Commissioner for six years in succession, 
aud lias filled other positions. He an active 
member of the Methodist Church, and has held 
office in the same for many years, and is a liberal 
contributor to the same. Socially, he is a member 
of the Grand Army post at West Liberty, and is 
Chaplain of the same. 

if^ ^ W. TAEC^CII. Among the many entor- 

rji, prises necessary to complete the commer- 
J^)^ t'ial resources of a town or city, none is of 
V^) more importance than that of the grocer, 
.as being one of the main factors in the furnishing 
of our food supplies. Prominent in this ti-ade is 
the establishment of Jlr. H. W. Taeusch, which is 
one of the most complete in its line in the city. 
This gentleman was horn in the Grand Duchy of 
Saxe-AVeimar, Germany, November 29, 182.5. and 
his parents. Carroll W. and .Sophia E. (Steinmetz) 
Taeusch. were natives of the same place. 

In 18.3o, the parents of our subject emigrated ti) 
America, and landed in Baltimore, where they re- 
mained for a short time, and then with wagon 
they went from there to Cincinnati. At the latter 
place they disposed of their teams and went by 
boat to St. Louis. Xot beiua; satisfied with the 

country-, they went back as far .as Louisville, Kv., 
remained there a few weeks, and then again en- 
tered the city of Cincinnati. Still later they went 
to Miami,?biirgh, Ohio, and while there heard of 
the rapid filling up of the Wapakoneta country, 
the Indians having just been driven out. In the 
fall of 1835, they came to what is now Auglaize 
County, and purchased eighty acres of land, one 
and one-half miles southwest of Wapakoneta. 
This was covered with timber at that time, and af- 
ter clearing a small portion, a rude log cabin with 
clapboard roof erected. The cracks were 
pl.astered with mud, the clapboards were weighted 
down with poles, and in this [irimitive manner Mr. 
Taeusch and family began their career us pioneers. 
As years p.assed by, they began to gather 
around them many of the comforts and conven- 
iences of life, and as improvement after improve- 
ment was made on the place, it soon became a very 
attiactive and pleasant home. 

Mr. Taeusch inherited all the thrift and energv 
of his German ancestors, and it was not Ions be- 
fore the humble log cabin was supplanted bv a 
comfortable hemi-log house, which at that time 
and d.ay was considered one of the finest in the 
country. In this the father's death occurred in 
1863. The mother had passed away in 18.51. 
While a resident of the Old Country, JMr. Taeusch 
was a very prominent man, and bold the otlice 
which we call County Treasurer. Tliis position is 
a Government oHice in Germany, and he held this 
for over twenty yeai-s. ^Ir. and Mi-s. T.aeusch were 
the parents of one son and two daughters, as fol- 
lows: Jlena, who married Mr. Everett. and remained 
in Germany, is now deceased. The other daugh- 
ter, Ch.arlotte, became the wife of John Rummel. 
and is now a resident of Kentucky. 

The original (jf this notice was about nine 
years of ,ige wlien he came with his parents to this 
country, and he well remembers the vovai;e across 
the briny deep. After settling with his parents in 
Auglaize County, Ohio, he assisted them in clear- 
ing the farm and making improvements, and thus 
acquired habits of industry and perseverance, 
which have remained with him through life. He 
received a common-school education, but his ad- 
vantages were not of the best, for he was obliged 


to work hard, as he was the main hand on the 
fnnn of his father. Tlie principal jvirt of his edn- 
entioii was re^'oivod from his father, who was a 
man of intelli^-iice. ami liis rei-ord is an cxIimpK' 
of what i"an Ik" aivimiplished by amliitiiMis ami iii- 
tellicrent yoiini; men. wlu>so only fortniio at lirsl 
consists of ir<0(l healtli. ener^'y. inlciriity ami lirni- 
ncss of pur|H>sc. 

After the death of the father, our suhjecl con- 
tinued on the farm until liSdli. when he removed 
to Wapakoneta with liis hrotiier-iii-law. ami en- 
^aired in the provision business under the linn 
name of Fisher Sc Taeuscli. which continued until 
the spring of 1870. when they sold out with the 
intention of locatiiii: in the Lone .'>tar ,'^lale. Af- 
ter re.aching that .state, they settled for a short 
time in Austin, hut subsequently returned to 
Wapakoneta, where our subject bought and built 
his present fine re*idence. In 1873, he opened a 
j:rocery store, and this he carried on success- 
fully ever since. He is one of the leading gioceis 
of the place, alw.ays keo|)s a fresh and attractive 
st<K.-k of jroods. and has a very large trade, lie 
nn: J a farm near Wai>akoneta. and is a prosperous 
and s>d.istantial citizen. He has several times been 
nominated for otlice. but .as he is on the minority 
side, he has never been elected. 

In the year 18.')3, he married Mi.-^s .Julia Miller, 
who iKirc him seven children, five of whom are liv- 
ing, viz.: Henry C, who owns an interest in the 
store; Sophia. .John. Lizzie and .'^arah. .Mrs. 
Tacusch died in .January, 18(>U. On the 7tli of 
Decemlier. 1872. <)ur suliject was married to Miss 
.^Iary Krische. a native of Hanover. ( Jermany. Mr. 
and Mrs. Tac\is<-li are faithful niemliei^ cf the 
Evansclical Lutheran Cliuroh. 

_*^ nUAIIAM II. K.MI.KV. It being llie pur- 
@JuJ Jiose of the authors of tlii.s work to prc- 
/ J serve for the b<:netil of posterity a record 
0/ of the lives of honest and industrious citi- 

zens, they would fail in their purpose if they omit- 
ted thai of A. H. F;raley. of .Shelby County. This 

ijentleman is now the occuiMut of a pleasant home 
in Franklin Township, where he has as fine apiece 
of pro|icrty as is to be found in this vicinity. The 
trad is well localed and bears the improvemenUs 
usually in.ndo liy a man who desires to keep up with 
tlir liiiu's .'iml jui round himself with the comfort 
ami conveiiiencos of modern farm life. 

He of whom we write is a sou (vf 'I'uni'' Knilev, 
who was a ii;itiveof I'.urlinglon County. X. .I..aud 
a soldier in the Warof 1.s1l>. He followed the oc- 
cupation of a faimei- and was the sou of I'eter 
Kudoy. also of New .lersey, wlio.-e ancestors were 
(ierman and Knglish. The maiden name of our 
subjecfs mother was .\nna Covert; she a native 
of Xew .Jersey and the daughter of Tunis Covert, 
who hailed from Holland. 

The parents of Mr. Kmlcy were man led in New 
Jersey, where they resided until their death, the 
father, who born in I7ltO, dying in his sixty- 
seventh year ami the mother, who was born in 
179L di>parte<l this life when sixty years of age. 
They ri'ared a family of nine children, five of 
whom are living, (tneof their sons, George I'',ni- 
ley. served in the Civil War .as a member of the 
Fir.>t New .Jersey Cavalry. The mother was a Meth- 
odist in religion, and in his political relations Mr. 
F.raley voted with the Democratic parly. 

The original of this sketch was born October l.s. 
1822. in New .Jersey. He was not permitted to at- 
tend school until reaching his Ihirleeiilli year, and 
bein^ rcare<l on the home farm, when ready lo 
■start out in life for himself chose theoccupalion of 
a farmer. On reaching his majorily, Mr. Kiiiley in 
1840 married to Kebccca Toy, who was born 
in the same .Slate as was her husband, lie renled 
his father's farm, which he carried on for the fol- 
lowing seven the expiration of which time 
he was compelled to abandon farming on account 
of his wife's ill health and purchased property in 
.Jacobstown, N. .J., where she died in 185,0. They 
had become the parents of three children, viz: 
Klla. Mrs. Milton Bennett, who resides in .Sidney; 
Ivhjar. who makes his home in Salem Townslii[)and 
is the husband of Amy Fr.asier: and Eliza. Jlrs. 
William Enright, who makes her home in Sidney. 

In 1.H.38, Mr. Emiey emigrated to this Stale, 
bringing with him his family, and located on a farm 



on section 12, Franklin Township. That j-ear he 
was married to Susan, daughter of AVilliam and 
Sophia (Young) Hoover, natives respectively of 
Kentuck\' and Maryland. Ilor parents were very 
young when they came to this State and located 
with their parents in Jlontgomery County, it being 
about seventy yeai-s ago. Jlr. Hoover cleared a 
farm from ttie wilderness and departed this life in 
1S7.T, being preceded to the kind beyond by his 
wife, who died in 1862. They were the parents of 
fourteen children, who grew to mature yeai-s and 
of whom nine are now living. One son, Marion, 
who served as a soldier in the Civil War, is now 
deceased. The mother was a most intelligent lady 
and a sincere member of the Cliristian Church. 

Mrs. Emley,who was born in Montgomery County, 
this State, April 24, 1830, received a good educa- 
tion in the subscription schools near her home. By 
her union with our subject have been born four 
children, namely: William E.. who married Zilla 
Dye, lives in Washington Suite: David C. who 
married Carrie Rundel, also makes his home there: 
Thomas E., who married Sophia Finkenbinc. lives 
in this county, and Lovie 1!., who is Ihc youngest 
of the family. 

Mr. Emley moved to his present farm in 1870, 
which was then in a wild state. It comprises one 
hundred and thirty-seven acres, and in addition to 
that propert\-, he owns seventy acres east of .Sidney 
all which is improved. In 1880, he erected his 
present beautiful residence, which cost ¥2,500, and 
embellished his estate with all the needful build- 
ings used In the storing of grain and shelter of 

In 1864, our subject enlisted In the Union army 
as a member of Companj- K, One Hundred and 
Thirty-fourth Ohio Infantry, and was sent with his 
regiment to Cumberland, Va.. where they were en- 
gaged in guarding a bridge at Pattereon Creek. 
From there the}- were sent to the front and opemted 
against the enemy along the .lames River in Vir- 
ginia to Petersburgh. ^Ir. Emley was on duty the 
entire period of his enlistment, during which time 
he never missed a roll call and received his honor- 
able discharge with his regiment. During the 
Civil War his wife was President of the Lidies' 
Soldiers" Aid Society of I'liim Creek Chapel and 

rendered much efficient service to those who were 
sacrificing their homes and lives for theircountrv's 
honor. Our subject is connected with the Grand 
Army Post at Sidney and with his wife is a mem- 
ber of the Grange. Formerly a Republican In 
politics, he is now independent, reserving hlsrl^ht 
to vote for the man whom he considers will best 
fill the office. He has been the Incumbent of vari- 
ous positions of honor and trust, serving as Town- 
ship Trustee for many years, lie was elected Jus- 
tice of tlie Peace, but preferring to give his time 
to his private interests refused to qualify. 

J^'USTIX BARBER, President of Ihe Au- 
W i S'''*'^*' County Agricultural Society, and 

>jj A one of the foremost fanners and stock- 
(qJJ raisci-s of the county, has dune conspicu- 

ous service In iiUroducIng modern methods of 
farming, and has a model farm i>n section 32. .Sa- 
lem Township, whose sub.-lantlal ai>polntnieiits 
and highly tilled fields mark It :rs one of the best 
e(iuipped and most deslralile places in this vi- 

Our subject is a native of Ohio, born In Inion 
Township, in the adjoining county of Mercer. 
Januarv 8, 1833. Ills father, Samuel C. ISarber. born In 1804. near Honeoye Lake, X. Y.. and 
was a son of Capt. Amos Barber, who was a na- 
tive of M.ossacliusetts, and was of Iri^h antece- 
dents. In the early part of hi^ life, he removed 
to New York, and thence t(i Iventuckv in 1817. 
and there died in Hardin County. He was Cap- 
tain of a company In the War of 1812. 

The father of our subject was a lail of thirteen 
years wlien the family moved to Kentucky, and 
there he grew up to tlie life of a faiiner. In the 
fall of 1828. in the vigor and prime of the open- 
ing years of a st-alwart manhood, he crossed the 
Ohio River, and penetrating ihrongh the wilder- 
ness as far northward as Mercer County, took up 
a tract of land in Union Township and became 


ntivi'KAir AM) i'1(h;i^\1'iiu Ai. IvF.cokd. 

one of its earliest settlers. Indians still made 
their homes (here, and wild game was very al>iiii- 
dant. im tliat Mr. iKirln-r kept his family supiilioil 
with venison, wtld turkeys, etc. He led a Imsy life 
and by hard t(.>il eleared a goodly farm and iiiaile 
many sul>stantial improvements ujwn it. ilu' 
first building that he erected Iving a typical Iol' 
cabin for a dwelling, lie died September L'l. 
I)*,il. leaving l)ehind him a good name and a 
worthy rec<'>rd as a pioneer. His wife hail jnc- 
eeded him in death, dying in 18-14. She bmc the 
mniilou name of Hannah Murlin. and a native 
of Pennsylvania. They were married in Ken- 
tucky, and she faithfully shared with him tlic 
privations of pioneer life. They had junrncvcil 
to their new home in Ohio with a yoke nf oxen 
attached to a cart, a hoi-se being placed in front 
of the oxen, and they had brought all their 
earthly possessions with them. They had three 
sons and two daughters, our subject, wli.i i> the 
third of the children in order of biilh. and a 
younger brother lieing the only survivors of the 

Mr. llarber had but meagre educational advan- 
tages in his boyhood, but lie made the most of 
them. He first went to school in an old log 
cabin, that had a puncheon floor and fur- 
nished with slab seats. His schooling was limited 
to two or throe months in the winter, and to a 
day or so occasionally in the summer. As soon 
as he was old enough, he began to help his fa- 
ther on the farm, and early liccame a practical 
farmer. He had a full cxi)erience of pioneer lifi' 
in all its ph-ases. He clothed in homespun. 
and the first (xiir of hoots that he ever wore ho 
had the winter he seventeen. Ilunling was 
one of hii amusements when he w;is young, and 
he has killed deer, which he h.xs seen in laig'' 
herds. Iiiduans often called at his fatlie; 's house 
and camped on the banks of the creek near by. 

In the spring of 1852. our subject hired out to 
work by the month for a period of six month.-. 
at %12 a month. In the fall, he secured employ- 
ment at fifty cents a d.ay. The following winter. 
he taught school at %13 a month, and boarded 
around among the parents of the pupils. lie en- 
iraiiod in the same profession the succeeding win- 

ter, with till' slightly incica^od salary of ^il.'i a 
month. In the summer time, he pursued fanning, 
and ill the spring of 18,")l took the managonient 
of the old family holne^tead in I'nion To«n>hip. 
He remained there until l.SG:!, wlun he liouclit 
and took possession of his present farm in Salem 
Town>hip. comprising two huiidrod and eight\ 
acre- on sections .'52 and .'i. It was paitlv ini- 
provecl. :in olil lu'wcd-log house sUuuling on it. 
and thiiiy-livc .-uii's had been cleared. He has 
wrought a great change by pereevering labor and 
intelligent modes of farming, and has transformed 
the place into as tine a farm .as can be found in 
this seilioii of the country. He has removed the 
timber that remained standing when he purchased 
it; has thoroughly drained the land by tiling; the 
fields are strongly fenced; and commoilious ami 
well-arranged buildings adorn the place, including 
a substantial brick residence erected to replace the 
original log house. 

Mr. liarbcr has a thoughtful, well-balanced, 
well-trained mind, and through experience, ob- 
.servation and careful reading, gained a more 
thorough, practical education than that of many 
a college-bred man. His brain and muscles were 
his only capital when he started out in life, but 
he put them to good use, and been eminently 
successful in his chosen calling, which Horace 
rTieelej- so aptly styled "the noblest of profes- 
sions." He conihicts a good business as a general 
farmer, raising stock extensively, and for many 
years he bred .Short-horn cattle, for which he 
h:is won many prizes. He has Ijeeii one of the 
leading meniliers of the Auglaize County Agri- 
cultural .Society for several years, is now its pre- 
siding ollicer. and throughout his entire connec- 
tion with it has been an inspiration in the good 
work that makes it so valuable an organization 
for the promotion of the farming interests of this 
part of (Jhio. Mr. l>arber has also been influ- 
ential in advancing local educational affairs, and 
has held the oflice of .School Director a longer 
time than any other man in the district. Dtiriiif; 
his residence in I'nion Township, he was Town- 
ship Clerk six years. He is an .advocate of the 
principles of the Republican party, but he takes 
no part in politics. 



The marriage of oiir subject with Miss Eliza 
L. Hamilton was solemnized April 2. 1854. Mrs. 
Barber was born in Union Township, about a mile 
from the birthplace of her husband, and they 
grew up together in the same neighborhood, at- 
tended the same school, and their friendship in 
youth ripened into the stronger attachment of 
matiirer years, which resulted in a true marriage. 
She well educated and taught school one 
lerin before she entered upon the responsibilities 
of wedded life. February 7. is;)(i. tlie happy 
home that she had hel|ied to build up. and that made sacred to those wlm loved her by her 
presence, was darkened by her denth. and her loss 
was greatly felt liy tije iMitire ci.inimunity. She 
was a woman of rare personality, gifted with a 
sweet, strong nature, a generous, open hand, and 
a warm heart that beat in sympathy with all who 
were in sorrow or trouble. .She guided her house- 
hold affairs with a firm, even hand, and was de- 
voted to her husband and children, who worship 
her memory, llcr work here is compassed and 
done — 

'•But we cannot think of her idle; 

She must be a home-maker still; 
(lod giveth that work to the angels. 

Who are fittest the t.ask to fulfill. 

••And somewhere, yet. in the hilltops 
Of the country that hath no pain, 

She will watch in her beautiful doorw.iy 
To liid lis a welcome again." 

Mrs. Barber the sixth of the eight chil- 
dren, of whom five are living, of the Hon. Judge 
Justin Hamilton. The latter was a native of Blaii- 
ford, IM.ass., born September 11, 17Wt). and when 
he was joung his father removed first to Xiw 
York, and thence to Hardin County, Ky.. wlicie 
he settled in the same neighborhood as Mr. Uai- 
lier's father. In 1S2;J. Judg.^ Hamilton seltloil 
in .Mcri-er County, tliis Slati'. and wa- one uf \l- 
eaiiiot |)ioueei- farmers. \]v wa.- a >urvi-yoi-. 
and .surM'Vfd a great part of lhi> >cction o(' thr 
coniitiy. He was very prcjiiiiiii'nl and \\iiK-ly 
known in public life, -crved in tlic l.egi>l;iluir 
several term-. wa> Jii-tin' of thr VfAn: U>v many 
years, and wa.- one of the .V-soriati- .liidgi'S ot the 
Coiniiion I'lua.- Court of Mercrr Co,inl\. lie dic-d 

in February, 1863. His wife survived him until 
November 24, 1887, her death occurring on that 
date in the home of our subject. Her maiden 
name was Kliza Rhodes, and she w,as born in New 
York, February 28. 1798. 

Our subject ,and his wife eight children: 
F.lla, who is deceased; Hannah, wife of C. AV. 
Sliim|), a farmer of Salem Township; Ireiia. de- 
ceased; Dora, wife of J. H. Wright, a farmer i.if 
this township; Abram 11., who is married and 
lives on a part of the lionu- farm; .\rthur, who is 
married and makes his home willi liis father; Ina 
and Walter. Ijoth at home, the latter a teacher. 
Tlie children are liurly educated, and Arthur and 
Dora have also taught scliool. 

/^ IIARLKS K. S.MUOT. M. D. In every com- 
(I „ munily throughout our broad land, there 

^\^' may be found men who are gaining success 
in the practice of medicine and surgery. Shelbv 
County is the seat of the labors of many physicians 
who. in knowledge of the principles of their pro- 
fession, skill in diagnosis and success in the treat- 
ment of disea>es, manifest great ability. Amona- 
tliis nuinlier i> Di-. Smoot, of JetTerson, who is rap- 
idly coming U) the front and thoroughly establish- 
ing himself in the respei-t of all with whom he 
comes in contact. He has been a hard student, and 
at the time of his graduation stood fourth in a 
class of thirty-nine who received their deirrees as 
Doctors of .^ledicine. 

Our subject was Iwirn in Port .k'ffersou. C)hio. 
Ortoliei- 7. ItiCi;. and is a sou of .lohn H. .Snioot, 
« ho was born in .Miami County in lf(3;>. Grand- 
fathei- .lacoip S. Snioot w:l- horn in New ,Iersp\ ami 
emii^iated to tlii~ Mate about l^L'H. liciiii;' cla.-si/d 
among the early settlers of Shelby County. Tin- 
ri pie-eiitatives of the family in this coiintiv came 
from the Prmince of Hesse. ( lermany. dir.inL' Col- 
onial times. Tho i;reat-L:iMndfather was a i;e\o- 
hitionaiy soMicr and was present at ti.e liattle <'f 
Voiklowii. uiuies>iu-- the siim-iider of the I'.iili-h 

i,i\<-r- lo ( .I'M. \V;l>llilluloll. 



The grandfather of o«r subject, on coming to 
this ct^unty. Kx^ted ou a wild farm on I.oatlier 
W^xxl Crook, in Gioon Township. Avhore lie was 
residing at tho tinio of his death, .nliout 18('2. Ilis 
wife, who Ixne tho maiden name of Catherine S. 
."^hnnk. was also of Kovoliitionary stock, and died 
in It^S,'!, at tho advanced ajjo of ninety-throo Toai-s. 
.lohn 11. SniiX)l one of two sons and three 
daughters Uirn to his parent;-, four of whom arc 
living. He is a farmer by occupation and is now 
rejiding in Perry Township, this county, where he a valuable estate, adorned with a commodious 
residence. :is well :is substantial barns and out- 

Tho maiden name of our subject's mother was 
Kliza .1. ."^toiio. .'^Iio was born in Perry Township, 
this county, and is a daughter of Demovillc and 
Kliz,abeth .''tone, lioth of whom were early settlers 
in this county and aiv long since decc.-u<ed. Of the 
seven children born to the parent* of our subject, 
only three are living, of whom Charles K. is the 
eldest. Ilis primary eclucation w.ij conducted in 
tho district school until re.aching his fourteenth 
year, at which time he went to Port .Teffei-son and 
took a three-ycai-s' course in the High School. 
Being then only seventeen years of age, he taught 
school for eight term*, during which time he stud- 
ied such branches .as he expected to need when 
commencing the study of medicine. 

In 18><.T. our subject look up the study of medi- 
cine under Dr. -I. V. Miller, of Port .leffei-son, with 
whom he until IHSS. He then entered the 
.^larlii.g Medical College at Columbus and wa.s 
graduated two years later, having completed the 
regular medical and surgical courses. Dr. .Sraoot 
locattd for practice at Mt. .Jefferson, where he has 
built up a good trade and occupies a place in the 
front rank among his fellow-practitioners. He 
belongs to the ."^helby County Medical Society and 
endeavors by extensive reading ami thought to 
advance his own professional culture and thus 
make bis work of greater benefit to mankind. 

In 1886. Dr. Smoot and Miss Annette, daughter 
of Peter JI. and Mariamna (Gilfillin; Trapp, were 
united in marriage. Her parents were natives of 
this State, and lior father, who i.-i a contractm. Iku- 
'■ tilt ovirr I .vo hundred uiile= of turnpike in tins 

and neighboring ctninties. To the Doctor and hi.s 
wife have boon born two children, Coila Kditli an<l 
.lames Harold. .Mi's. .Sinoot is a member uf thr 
Methodist Church. In politics, our sulj- 
ject is a stanch DoiiKurat, willing at all times to 
uphold party principles by his inlliioncc niul balldl. 
.\ lithographic portrait of Dr. Sinniit accniiiprui- 
ies this biographical notice. 

OHN .M. .STALEV, A. 15.. LI.. 1)., who is one 
of the prominent lawyei's of Sidney, has been 
engaged in active practice for a number of 
^^^ years. .\ native of Shelby County, he was 
born in Franklin Towii.ship, Kebniary 2, 18 17, and 
is the son of .Tohn and Catherine (Young) Staley. 
The father was a farmer by occupation and moved 
to this section from Montgomery County, this 
State. His mother was a native of Stillwater, 
Ohio, and the daughter of Philip Young, and, 
with her husband, w.os a devoted member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. 

The original of this sketch was reared on the 
home farm, and remained with his parents until 
the of the Civil War. Two of his brothers, 
Henry and George W., were soldiers in the I'nioii 
army, the former of whom died at Paducah, Ky.; 
the latter is now engaged in farming in Jack.son 
Township, this county. 

Mr. Staley of this sketeh lirst attendod flic 
country schools, and was a pupil of the Sidney 
High .S-'liool when Lincoln was ass.assinated. He 
then attended the Ohio ^Vesleyan Iniversity at 
Delaware, and after a course there of two years, 
took a position a.s teacher of music in the Lebanon 
Normal .School, from >vliich institution he had been 
graduated in 1872. Having a natural talent for 
music, our subject h.os taken advantage of every 
opportunity to advance his knowledge in that art, 
and is now the leader and te.acher of the orchestra 
III llii> phiii-. uliicli ranks anioii'^: the linest in 
WcMorn Dhio. 



After his graduation in 1872, Mr. Staley super- 
intended different schools for five j'eai-s, during 
wiiicli time he was industriously engaged in read- 
ing law. At the expii-ation of the time al)ove 
mentioned, lie refused a position offered him as 
.'Superintendent of the city .'■chools of Findlay, 
Oliio. in order to euter the office of Jloulton.. John- 
son A- Levi, in Cincinnati, which was one of the 
leading law firms of tliat city. Mr. Moulton lieing 
a brother-in-law of -Toliu Sliciniau. 

After graduating in the year 187S from the t in- 
cinnati Law College, Mr. .Staley returned to Sidney, 
where lie has since been engaged in tlie practice of 
his profession, lie is no«- Commi>Moner of In- 
solvents, C'ount\- School Examiner, .-ind a niemlier 
of the Board of Elections, lie uas also City So- 
licitor for one term, and noworcupies a prominent 
place in the .Shelby County l>ai-. Mr. Staley is 
always an entluisiaslic Democrat, auil is liberal 
in his religious views. 

In .Septemljer, 1872. .John 31. Staley and Miss 
.\!ice, daughter of George and Rachael Witt, were 
united in marriage. To them have been granted 
one son. Ralph Witt, who is a pupil of the .Sidney 
schools, and in 1879, being twelve years old, won 
the second ))rize offered by the Sidney Journal for 
the best original composition by pupils of city 
ami country schools under fourteen years of age. 
( )iie daugliter, Ruth, died in 1891, at the age of 
fi.iur years. 


(»1:RIS lloNNEl.L. Among tlie promi- 
nent and enterprising citi/en.> of Sidney. 
li no one i-; more worthy of note than lie 
uhc.ini wo here name, who has now retired 
fnini lii> One farm in 'W'asliiiiglon 'roun...|iip. and 
since November. Is.hi. das been a resident of this 
city. .lust previous to settling here, lie sold part 
of the old homestead, whieii consisted of two hun- 
dred and seventy acres, and has now :i iiK^-l 
altiaclive and pl,-asaiit home :il .\,,. l-_>lo l-air 
Avriiui'. lie has an extensive lawn of o\ei- \.\y< 

acres, lieautifully decorated with fine shade trees. shrubs and lovely ttowei-s. and his res- 
idence is a very cozy and substantial one. 

Like many of the best citizens of the county. 
Mr. Honnell was born in the Keystone State, 
in Greene County, on the 3d of December, 1824. 
and is a son of AV'illiam and Ellen (Wilson) Hon- 
nell, the former of English and the latter of (Ger- 
man descent. William Ilonnell lef t liis native State 
for (Jhioiu 1833. and firetsettled in Clinton Town- 
shii). At that time they were surrounded by woods, 
and settlers throughout the comity were scattering. 
Mr. Honnell cleared up a good f.-uin. and on this 
resided until his death in I.n.V!. when fifty -six 
years of age. He was in sympathy with the 
Tuited ISrethren Chinch. and liis wife held member- 
ship in that diurch. She died in ISDd. when sjxtv- 
six years of age. and left a family of twelve chil- 
dren, eight sons .and four daughtci-s, as follows: 
Architald. who moved to Indiana, where he died: 
Maria, wife of John English, who with her husband 
is deceased: Jlorris: V.. B., who lives at Port .Jeffer- 
son ; William, now a Presbyterian minister of Kin<rs- 
ton. Kan.: Dr. -Jesse Cat Beaver Dam. Allen Coun- 
t_v. Ohio: Henry, of ISrown County. Kan.: Catherine. 
deceased, was the wife of Benjamin ^lartin: Cvn- 
thia E., decea.sed: C. who was a Captain 
in the army. Ninety-iiintli ()liio Infantrv. 
and now resides at Everest, l!rowii Coun- 
ty,; Martha, wife of William Neal. also of 
Brown County. Kan.: and Francis R.. who in 
the One Hundred and Eighteenth ( )hio Cavalrv. 
:ind died in Anderson ville Prison. 

In addition to a fair education received in the 
snb~eription schools of his dav. our subject was 
well educated in the |)ublic schools of .Sidney, 
although when liis parents first settled tliere. there 
was not a schoolhouse in the town. .Shortly af- 
terw.aid. a little log cabin was erected and u.sed for 
that purpose, Mm'ris Honnell continued to make 
his home with his ]iaients until he was twenty-one 
years of wzQ. and then started out to fight his own 
way 111 life. In b'^.^iO, he was attacked with the 
U'old fever so badly that he went overland to Cal- 
ifoniia. l-'roin St. ,loe a party of (ive started 
in oiii> waiioii. walked nearly all the way tlimngh 
to S;iii Lake, and from there to llaiiiitown. C:i'. 



All remained together till the end. and all are still 
living. Our subject went up on the Yuba River, 
erected a sawmill, and ran this on Goodyear 
Creek for nearly four years. lie was very suc- 
cessful, and returned to the E.ast by way of the 
Istlinius, getting his gold dust coined at Philadel- 
liliia. Returning to Ohio, he bought the farm he 
now owns, began at once to develop and improve 
it. and on the 10th of May, 1855, he united 
in marriage to Miss Martha Ann McDonough. of 
Leiianon, Oliio. They made their liome on tlie 
farm until 1881. when they moved to Sidney, and 
now liave one of the coziest and most desirable 
places in that town. Their tine residence is of 
niddern arcliitectural design, and is fitted up with 
every comfort and convenience, and they keep a 
tine driving team, thus passing the remainder of 
their days in peace and plenty. Both are members 
of the Presbyterian Church, and he has been a Dea- 
con in the county for many years, and an Elder 
since he moved to town. Tlieir children, two 
in number, are as follow^s: Emma .J., wife of 
Is.aac N. Woodcox, resides in .Sidney and has one 
son, Raymond Honnell; and Olive Belle, still at 
home. Mrs. Honnell was born in "Warren Countj', 
Ohio, M.ay 7. 1824, and is the daughter of John 
and Susannah (Beard) McDonough, both of whom 
died when she was quite young. Her grand father 
was a native of Ireland, but in all probability of 
Scotch descent. Jlr. Honnell is a stanch Repub- 
lican in his political views. 

^T^^RKD ^'()GELSA^'G. Among the resources 
j[s@' of tlie town of New Bremen which go to 
[k\ ~ make up its commercial fabric, the trade 
carried on in stoves, tinware, etc.. forms a most 
important feature. Prominent amung those en- 
gaged in it is Jlr. Fred \'ogelsang. who is a practi- 
cal and enersetic man of busine-s, lioiiorable and 
upriglit in all lus dealings. Since its incei>lion. the 
business I in < lioi'ii ron-tanlly imiuoving, the vol nine 
of busilll•^> tiaii.-aclcd now being verv far in ad- 

vance of former years. Mr. Vogelsang is of for- 
eign birth, having been born in Hanover, Ger- 
many, on the 9tli of January, 1831, and his father, 
Henry Vogelsang, .as well as his grandparents, Fred 
and Sophia (Meyers) Vogelsang, were also natives 
of Hanover, Germany. 

Henry Vogelsang married in his native 
country and later, with his faraih'and his parents, 
cro.ssed the ocean to America. They landed in 
New York City, but the fertile soil of Ohio tempted 
them to settle within its borders and they pushed 
on to that State. Mr. Vogelsang was one of the 
fii-st to locate in Auglaize County, and here he and 
his wife and one of his children died .about two 
weeks later. The other child, our subject, who the elder, was reared by his grandparents, who 
had accompanied them. The grandparents pur- 
chased a farm on which now stands a part of the 
village of New Bremen, the village at that time 
being just laid out and consisting of three or four 
houses. The entire countrj- was new, very few 
settlei's were to be found, and the woods swarmed 
with wild game. They located in a log house, and 
there the grandfather died in 1845. The grand- 
mother lived until 1864, and then eighty-six 
years of age. 

The first school our subject attended was held in 
the church, for there were no schoolhouses, and he 
was taught in German by the minister. At the 
time of the death of the grandfather, our subject 
was about fourteen years of age and he remained 
on the farm and took care of the grandmother un- 
til about 1856, when he purch.ased an interest in 
the flouring mill in New Bremen, and continued 
the milling business for about ten yeai-s. In 1870, 
he purchased a large tin store and since then has 
conducted an extensive business in tinware and 

In the year 1852. he was married to Miss Minnie 
Kuenning, a native of Germany, who came to 
America with her parents when about thirteen 
vears of age. To Mr. and Mrs. \'ogelsang have 
been born thirteen children, six of whom are 
living, viz.: August. Amelia, Edward, Olwiena, 
Emale and Henry. August learned the tinners' 
tiailr. aufl lia- been in partnership with his 
father. Mr. \ oycUang atliliatcs with llic Deni- 



ocratic paity, ami for twelve \'ears he has been 
Trustee of the Township. He has been a member 
of tlie Board of Education several years and was 
President of the same when tlie large and very 
handsome new High School building was erected 
in 1877. He is a member of tlie Village Council. 
Both he and Mrs. Vogelsang are active niembei's of 
the Lutheran Cluirch, and they are liberal con- 
tributors to all enterprises of a laudable nature. 
!Mr. ^'ogelsang owns considerable village property 
and has met with the best of success in his business 
ventures. Like all his countrymen, he is industri- 
ous, thrifty and enterprising. 


ANIEL GRAF. The philosopher Mill said that the -'worth of a State in the 
long run is the worth of the individuals 
composing it." Xot less true is the say- 
ing that the prosperity of a country depends upon 
the character of its younger population. Auglaize 
County is especially fortunate, in that it within 
its boundaries many young men of worth, enter- 
prise and honor, and in this cl.nss, the gentleman 
of whom this pereonal sketch is written holds a 
conspicuous place. He is at jiresent engaged in 
the boot and shoe business at Wai)akonet.i and 
is carrying on a thriving trade. 

A native of this county, our subject was bom 
Jlarch ;5, 1 8 jO, to Jacob .and Anna C. ( Wolfer) Graf, 
natives respectively of Echterdinger and Stutt- 
gart. Germanj-. After their marriage in the 
Fatherland, the parents emigrated to the United 
.States and located in this county, where the father 
spent his last d.ays and one of the well-to-do 
agriculturists of this section. In his native land, 
however, he followed the occupation of a weaver 
of fine linens, for which Germany is noted. 

The two sons and three daughters included in 
the parental family bore the respective names of 
Jacob J.; Daniel; Catherine, the widow of Jolin 
Ramge; Barbara. Mrs. A. N. Shaw: and Rachel, the 
wife of Benjamin (iarduer. uf Rossville, Kan. 

Daniel, of this sketch, has p.ossed his entire life 
within the confines of Auglaize Countj-, and, like 
most farmei-s' sons, obtained liis primary education 
in the district school. Early in life he began to 
display a thirst for knowledge and was verv faith- 
ful in the preparation of his lessons. In order 
that he might make the best of the advanlaires 
offered in the schools of Wapakoneta, he came 
hither and carried on his studies for some time. 

Young Graf, when starting out in life on his 
own responsibility, clerked in a store for .some 
time in this city, and August 8, 1890, opened up 
in his present business. He carries a Large and 
complete assortment of fine boots and shoes, and 
by courteous treatment of customers and fair deal- 
ing, he is rapidly coming to the front among the 
prominent business men of the place. .Socially, he 
is connected with the Knights of Pythias, and in 
religious affairs is a firm adherent of the German 
Lutheran Church, to the support of which he con- 
tributes liberally of his means. He has performed 
all the duties of an honorable and upright citizen. 
Mr. Graf is still unmarried. 

x^- IIRISTIE AYILLIAMS, Aiulitor of Logan 
[V^^'ip County, is at present classed among the 
^!^' prominent residents of Bellefontaine. He 
was bom in this county March 31, 1833, and is a 
son of Mathias and Elizabeth ((4roen) AVilliams, 
natives respec-tively of Virginia and Kentuckv. 

The father of our subject was brouglit to this 
State by his parents when four years of ase, in 
1805. His father, who bore the name of John, a native of I^orth Carolina and was a Quaker 
in religion. He was born in Guilford Countv and 
remembered the battle between Green and Corn- 
wallis, at which time many of the wounded were 
carried into his home. After coming to this State, 
the grandfather of our subject located in Highland 
County, and later took up his abode in Cham- 
paign County. During the War of 1812. he came 



to what is now Logan Ccnmly. wliero lie resided 
until his decease, which ocoiiiri'd in 18o(). His 
family included seven sons and two daugliters 

The maternal grandfather of our subject, (ieorge 
(ireen. was hiwn in F.nLiland, emigrating to Amer- 
ica when twenty years of age. He settled in 
Maryland, wlicre he was married, and then moved 
to what is now Fleming C'ouiily, Ky., where his 
family were all Ijorn except his eldest child. He 
later took up his residence in this county, where 
his death occurred in 1832. He had a large 
family of seven sons and two daughters. Mathias 
Williams was a farmer by occupation, in which 
calling he was more than ordinarily successful. 
He departed this life December 28, 1865, being 
preceded to the better land by his good wife by 
four weeks, she liaving died Novemlier 27. Our 
subject, who is tlie only s\irvivor of the family, 
had two sisters. He was reared to farm pursuits 
and received his early educaticjn in the public 
schools. He later attended the (lliio Wesleyan 
University at Delaware, anil the Southwest Nor- 
mal School at Lebanon. After completing his ed- 
ucation, JNIr. Williams tauglit school for several 
years during the winter months, and worked on 
the farm during the summer. 

In February, 1865, the original of this sketch 
enlisted in Company I, One Hundred and Xinoty- 
second Ohio Infantry, and saw mnch hard sei'vice 
in the Slienandtiah Valley. Having had a very 
serious attack of measles, lie was conlined for a 
time in the general huspital at Ilaitimore. .Aid., 
from which he received hi> honoralilo discharge, 
lieturning home, our subject resumed the peace- 
ful iiursuit of farming, and cdulinued thus cm- 
ploved until 18«l. when, his health failing, he 
removed U> Lellefontaine. with whose interests lie 
has since l)een identiheil. In this city he embarked 
in the mercantile Imsine-s. but only thus em- 
ployed a .-hort lime when he .again taught school, 
ailing the position of a teacher until he' was 
elected to his present otiice. in 1«^»;. So worthily 
and satisfactorily did he iierf.jrm all tlic> duties 
imposed upon liim. llial the folhiwing term he was 

April 12. 1860. Christie Williams and .Miss Pliila 
A. Cliesher were united in marriage, and to them 

have been born one son and one daughter. The 
wife and mother departed this life September 8, 
188!>, firm in the faith of the Christian Church, to 
which body her husband also belongs, and some- 
times officiates in the pulpit asminister. In social 
matters, Mr. Willi.ams is a Grand Arm\' man and 
is to-d.ay well known throughout the county, and 
is respected as his industrious and upright life 


W OHX W. KNOX. The ofticial work of this 
gentleman, who is now the etlicient Town- 
ship and Corporatiiui Clerk, has extended 
over twent}' years, and in him the people 
have found a man of ability and integrity, and one 
whose activity has ever been employed for the 
good of the community. He is now a resident of 
Sidney, but was born in Lebanon, Ohio, on the 
.■51st of March, 1837. 

His father, Robert Knox, was an "old-time" 
Irish gentleman, and he remained in the "green isle" 
till about sixteen years of age. He was engaged in 
the mercantile business till 18-19 in Lebanon. In 
1850, accompanied by his family, he moved to 
Shelby County, Ohio, settling on a farm four miles 
from Sidney, where his death occurred in 1856. 
He was a pei-severing, upright, honorable gentle- 
man, and one who won and held the respect of all. 
He married Jliss Jeanelta Skinner, of Lebanon, 
Warren County, Ohio, and reared an interesting 
faniilv of eight children, four girls and four boys, 
all living except James, who was killed in defense 
of his country at Resaca, (ia. 

The immediate subject of this sketch divided 
his time in youth between Lhe duties of the farm 
and those of the .scliCHil-room. receiving a good 
liractical education in the common schools. He 
assisted his father in clearing and <lcveloping the 
farm until lie had reached the age of eighteen, 
after which he came to Sidney and was engaged 
as clerk for M. B. Newnham, Express Agent. Af- 
terward, he was in the Bee Line depot, ami. later, 



in the militaiy telegraph corps in ^lissouri. He 
ran as messenger for tlie United States Express 
Company, also for the American Express Company 
for some time, and served in the latter capacit\' 
until 1867. Since that time he has been Corpora- 
tion and Township Clerk, and has filled that posi- 
tion in sucli a cai)able and satisfactory manner 
tliat he lias been re-elected for the present term. 
He has been before the public for the past twenty- 
live years, and in every walk of life his career has 
been most honorable and upright. Miss Ellen T. 
Cr<iinfr. whom he selected as his companion in life. 
W.1S born in Miami County, Ohio, near Tippecanoe, 
and two children have blessed this union, Kate and 
John W., aged respectively ten and six years, who 
are at liome. 

i^i-i-M"!- ^^ -S-M"?-; 

•M"i"f -^i^ *•{••!•+= 

,T^ V.\. JOSET'lI Ll'TZ. pastor of St. ^Mary's 
li*f Catholic Church, is a man of deep learning 
-L \\\ and earnest pietv, who is an influence for 
\^ great good among his people, and stands 
well with all classes, of whatsoever religious faith. 
He was born in Hohenzollern, Sigraaringen, Prus- 
sia, November 26, 1851. His parents were .Joseph 
and Erancesca Lutz. who were natives, respectivelv, 
of Prussia and Bavaria. His father w.os a litho- 
grapher, and was skillful at his art. He died in 
18S7. at tlie rijie old age of seventy-four years. 
To him and his wife were born four children. 
One of their sons took part in the late Eranco- 
Prussian War and was severely wounded in battle. 
Eather Lutz revisited his old home in 1886, and 
spent three months very pleasantly among his old 
friends and in seeing once more the familiar sights 
of his childhood. 

Our sulijeet gained the preliminaries of his edu- 
cation in tlie fine public schools of his native land, 
and. at tlio aue of thirteen, he entered the gymna- 
sium in the town of his birth, and in that institu- 
tion of learning became thoroughly grounded in 
the classics, in philosophy, and in all the studies 
required by the curriculum of the school, which 

included the langu.ages,and he became a fine Latin, 
Oreek. Erench and Hebrew scholar. Thinking to 
find a broader field for his talents and for the ex- 
ercise of the sacred calling to which he determined 
to devote himself, he came to this country in 1S73, 
and entered Mt. St. Mary's Seminarj-. at Cincin- 
nati, to further prepare himself for the priesthood, 
and he studied there three years. 

In 1876, our subject was ordained by the late 
Archbishop .John 1>. Purcelhand immediately after 
t.aking holy orders, entered upon the ministry at 
(ilynwood, in this county. In November, 1877, 
he was tr.ansf erred to St. ^Mary's, to take charge 
of St. Mary's Church. and has held this 
liastorate ever since. The Catliolic house of 
worship is a large, substantial brick building, 
erected in 1867 by the present Bishop of Et. 
AVayne, Ind., and Eather Lutz is the sixth pastor 
of the society. The parishioners are nearly half 
of them Germans, the remainder being mostly 
English, and comprise .about ninety-five families. 

Eather Lutz is quietly doing a good work here, 
which has greatly strengthened the church, has 
promoted its growth both spiritually and materi- 
ally, and fostere its dearest interests. He throws 
his whole soul into his labors, and leaves nothing 
undone that will enhance the welfare of his be- 
loved people, b}- whom he is regarded with every 
feeling of affection and confidence in rep.ayment 
for his untiring efforts in their behalf. 

K. .JOILX S. .MONTCOMEHV. Like many 
J/ other young men of Logan County, Ohio, 
who have distinguished themselves in pub- 
lic and professional life, Dr. .John S. .Alontgom- 
ery commenced teaching school at an earlv age. 
and while thus engaged began the studv of med- 
icine. He is a native-born resident of Hunts- 
ville. Ohio, his birth occurring on the 9th of .Jan- 
uary. 1861. and is the son of James B. Montgom- 
ery, a native of ( liiio. The arrandfatlier. Adam 



Jlontgoinen', was a native of Pennsylvania and of 
Irish descent, the family coming to Aniei-ica in 
Colonial times. Adam 'Montgiimei-y follnweil the 
occupation of a fanner and came to Ohio at an 
early day. He went liy land to Pittsburgh, thence 
down the Ohio liiver l>y Hatboat and settled in 
tlie woods in Adams County, Oliio, where ho built 
a log cabin and began making improvements. 
Numerous wild animals abounded, and as he was 
quite a liunter. mucli of his spaie time wiis spent 
with his trusty gun. lie made improvements on 
his place, cleared it of tlie heavy timber with 
which it was covered, and there passed the re- 
mainder of liis ihiys. dying wljen sixty-four years 
of age. lie was a member of tlie Covenanter 
Cliurch and a Democrat in politics. 

The father of our subject was also a farmer In- 
occupation, and he cultivated tlie hume place of 
two hundred acres. lie was very fond of fine and alw.ays kept a great many on his place. 
He was but forty-four years of age when his death 
occurred. In religion, he was a Presbyterian, and 
in politics, a Democrat until the war broke out, 
after which he became a strong Republican. He 
was married to Miss Annaneila J^eaton, a native of 
Ohio, ar.d the result of this union was two chil- 
ilren: William L., who died when but fourteen 
montlis old, and our subject. Mrs. JMontgomery 
was also quite young when her death occurred, 
lieing but twenty -seven. She was a member of 
the Methodist Church. Her father. William Sea- 
ton, was born in Ireland and came to ,\merica when 
young. He first followed the trade of a shoemaker 
ill Westmoreland County, I'a.. but subseiiiiently 
moveil t(i Adams County, Ohio, and (engaged in 
au'i-iiuUuial pursuits, developing a fine farm from 
tlie wihlerness. Tliere his death occurred. 

Dr. Montgomery became familiar with the ardu- 
ous duties of the farm at an early age. and re- 
ceived his primary education in the district 
schools. Later he entered the Xationat University 
at Lebanon, Ohio, remained there two years, and 
was graduated in the busine.-^s coui-se. He nearly 
completed the scientific course, and afterward 
taught school for six years, at Russellville (Ohio) 
Union schools for two years, and at Youngsville, 
Ohio, for four vears. In the meantime, our sub- 

ject was stud^'iug medicine under Dr. W. K. Cole- 
man, of West Union, Ohio, and taught in a Normal 
school one summer at that place. He entered the 
Ohio Medical College, at Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1887, 
and graduated at that institution in 1889. Besides 
the regular course, our subject took special studies 
on the diseases of the eye. After graduating, the 
Doctor came to Huntsville, and has built up a 
large and lucrative practice. 

He was married in this city on the 2Rth of .Sep- 
tember, 1889, to Miss Kate C. Allison, a native of 
the Keystone State, born on the 9th of October, 
18G7, and tliey have one bright little boy, Willard 
A. Doctor and Mrs. IMontgomery are members of 
the Presbyterian Church, and he is a Republican 
in his political views. He takes a decided interest 
in ail political matters, and is ready with his 
means to assist all worthy' enterprises. .Sociallj', 
the Doctor is a member of the Belle Centre Lodge 
No. 42.H. K. P. 


ON. HUBBARD HUME, whose home is 
pleasantly located in Sidney, has been a 
resident of tireen Township, Shelby County, 
since November 1, 1848, and may well be 
classed among its pioneers. He was born in Mor- 
gan Countv, W. Va., September 17, 1822, and is a 
son of Peter .and Mary (Yost) Hume, (irandfather 
Hubbard Hume was a native of Scotland and emi- 
grating from that country in an early day, made 
his home in West Virginia, where he carried on 
the occupation of a farmer. 

The father of our snljject. in 182;i. came to 
Licking County, this State, and soon thereafter 
took up his abode in INIuskingum, near Zanesville. 
Thence he removed to Harrison Township, Cham- 
paign County, and there remained for about four 
years, then removed to Adams Township, where 
our subject spent his boyhood days. The elder Jlr. 
Hume entered a quarter-section of land in that 
county, which he improved and resided upon until 
his death, wdiich occurred in April, l.s.'i.s. His 


^ i jSj^^-^^ 



good wife, who survived liim one slioit year, died. 
leaving a family of seven children, three having 
died when young. 

The original of this sketch was given a good 
practical education in the common schools, and 
when leaving home learned the trade of a gunsmith 
at I Juincy. Logan County, where he worked for two 
yi'ar-. At the end of that time, he returned home 
and. in company with his brother .John, under the 
lirm name of .1. .Vr II. Hume, engaged in running a 
gunsmith shop and store, in which business they 
continued until 18.55, when they disposed of their 
interests in that line and purch.ased a farm in 
Oreen Township, to which they removed. After 
a residence there of two years, the brothers divided 
the property, our subject living upon his share 
until 1866. when he took up his abode in .Sidney, 
having been elected to the ofliee of County Treas- 
urer. Mr. Ilurae the incumbent of that re- 
sponsible position for four j-ears and at the expi- 
ration of that time purch.ased a one-half interest in 
the .Shelby Countv Dpmoifat. Nearly three years 
later, the partnerehip was dissolved and the plant 

Mr. Hume has done much for the upbuilding of 
Shelby County, and his name will always be asso- 
■ciated with its history. He is public-spirited and 
enterprising and has been called upon by his fel- 
low-townsmen to fill all the otlices of trust in his 
community. After selling his interest in the .shelbj- 
County Demon-ni^ he was elected .Justice of the 
Peace, which position he held until elected to the 
State Legislature in the fall of 1878. He was in 
the House two terms, being the first man ever re- 
elected from this county. While occupying that 
liosition, he served as Committeeman on Roads, 
Iligliwavs, Legal Advertising, Drains, Ditches and 
Water Courses, and also on the Committees on 
Public Printing. New Counties and County af- 

Prior to the expiration of Mr. Hume's term as a 
^lember of the Legislature, he engaged in the 
m.inufacture of spokes and rims, in which line of 
business he continued until 1883. Novemljer ■>. 
ISl.T. lie marrieil to Elizabeth Parke, of Logan 
County, this State, and to them have lieen b<irn 
two children: Rai.-hael .\nn. now Mrs. William 

A. .\rcher. of Perry Township, .Shelby Countj-, and 
Lewis C, who is at present residing on the farm of 
our subject, in the above-named township. The 
wife and mother departed this life in Green Town- 
ship, March 1, 1850, and the lady whom our subject 
chose as his second wife was Mary C, daughter of 
Edward Conroy, who located in thissection .as early 
as 1818. Of this union have born the follow- 
ing children: Fmnces R., the wife of F. M. 
Liddle, of Champaign County; George W.. of this 
city; Edward C, deceased; Minnie Maude; .Tennie 
Gertrude. Jlrs. Albert King, of this cilv; Cora E., 
at home; and Harry IL, dece.osed. In social matters, 
.our subject is a prominent M.ason. having been 
identified with that order since 18.')3. 

<jp^ICHOLAS .SHUBERT. It would be hard 
III j) to find in Auglaize County a gentleman 
[li^ whose word is more thoroughly relied upon, 
or one who is more highly respected for his pri- 
vate life and public labors, than the original of 
the jjortrait shown on the opposite p.age. A na- 
tive of New York, he was born in Rockland 
County February 7, 1840, and is the son of Adam 
and Eliz.abeth .Shulx?rt, who were born in Germanv. 

The father of our subject, who followed the 
profession of a scIkjoI teacher in Germanv, enii- 
gi-ated to the United States when twenty-four 
years of age, and located in New York Slate, 
where he obtained a position as foreman of the 
Highland Lime Kilns, on the river of that name. 
After leaving New York, he located in Elizabeth- 
town. N. .1.. where he established a lime kiln and 
brick yard. In 1854. he came with his family to 
Ohio, located on a farm near 'Wapakoneta. and 
followed the occupation of an agriculturist until 
his decease, which occurred in 1876. He was verv 
prominent in hx^al affairs in this section, and for 
some time w;vs Director of the Infirmary, and was 
later elected Superintendent of that institution. 

Of the parental f:imily of four <(.>ns and five 
dau'zhters. oiih- three survive, of whom (Uir sub- 



ject is the only son. He was a lad of fourteen 
years when he accompanied his parents on their 
removal to this county, and received his primary 
education in the log schoolhouse. He was en- 
g.aged in various pursuits until the outbreak of 
the Civil War, when, in 1861, he enlisted in a three- 
months service, joining Company C, Fifteenth 
Ohio Infantry. Later, he enlisted in Compan}' C, 
Eighty-fifth Ohio Infantry. He saw much hard 
service during that struggle, and participated in 
many important battles. On the close of the war, 
having received his honorable discharge at Lex- 
ington, Ky., he came home and worked at the trade 
of a brick-molder. which he followed for eight 

Previous to being elected to his present office of 
.•sheriff, our subject served as Marshal of Wapa- 
koneta for eight years. In 188:>, he was elected 
Sheriff of the county, and re-elected to the same 
position in 1891. He is widely and favorably- 
known throughout the county, and during his 
long residence here his course in life been such 
as to win for him universal respect, and he is a 
great favorite with all who come under the influ- 
ence of his manly character and his unswerving 
allegiance to the right. 

.Tuly 28, 1862, was the date our subject was 
united in marriage with Miss Jlary J., daughter of 
AVilliani Thomas, of Auglaize Countj'. In all his 
work, Mr. Shubert has the 'active co-operation of 
his wife, a most exemplary woman, worthy of the 
respect called forth by her kindness of heart and 
other noble attributes. They are the 
parents of eight children, six of whom are living, 
namely: Lj'dia, William, Cora, Frederick, Etiie and 
Gertrude. Our subject is a member of the Kyle 
(irand Army Post, and the influence of his up- 
right life is beneficial and widely recognized. 

■jT^ RA>'C1S .1. M. FAR LAND, President of the 
][^{5)> People's National Bank of Wapakoneta, 
/IJ) was elected to that position in October, 

18D0. The bank was organized July o. \xxi). and 
opened for business on the 2d of .\ugu»t with 

Francis Fritsch as President, Theo W. Brotherton, 
A'ice-president, and F. .J. McFarland, Cashier. 
Four years later, Mr. Fritsch sold out his stock, and 
the v.acancy was filled by our subject, the Vice- 
president being J. H. Doering and the Cashier 
Lewis Wisner. 

He of whom we write is a native of Logan 
County, having been born in July, 1843, to Will- 
iam H. and Maria (Seig) McFarland, natives re- 
spectivel}' of Pennsylvania and A'irginia. The 
parents were early settlers of this county, where 
the father, during the fii-st years, followed the 
trade of a mechanic. Later, however, he took up 
his abode on a pleasant farm, and was engaged in 
cultivating the soil for the remainder of his life. 
In 1849, he came to Auglaize County and pur- 
chased a farm two miles west of Wapakoneta, where 
he lived for a number of years, and then going 
west to Missouri, made his home in Knox County, 
where he residing at the time of his decease, 
and where also his good wife p.assed aw.a^-. 

Mr. JIcFarland of this sketch received his edu- 
cation in the public schools of Auglaize County, 
and resided at home with his parents until the 
outbreak of the Civil War, when, in 1864, he en- 
listed in Company D, One Hundred and Eightieth 
Ohio Infantry', serving his countiy faithfully and 
well until the close of that struggle. At Charlotte, 
N. C, he was mustered out with the rank of Cor- returning home, resumed farming, which 
occupation he followed during the summer sea- 
son, and taught school in the winter months. 

In 1869, our subject engaged in the grocery 
business in Wapakoneta, in company with Joseph 
Brown, which partnership lasted several years, un- 
til the death of Mr. Brown. The firm were also en- 
gaged in the manufacture of wooden ware, etc., 
which proved so remunerative that they concluded 
to abandon the grocery business and devote their 
time and attention to their manuf.acluring interests. 
The factory is still in runningorder, being operated 
under the firm name of M. Brown i Co. The firm 
make a specialty of manufacturing the Bentwood 
Churn and the United .States Washing-machine 
It is one of the largest of its kind in Western Ohio, 
occupying three large buildings, besidcsits exten- 
sive lumber 3'ards. Our subject is President and 



Director of the Wapakoneta Natuial Gas Companj-, 
President of the Home Milling Company, and 
Treasurer of the Citizens' Hiiilding and J ^oan As- 

The lady to whom Mr. MoFarland was married 
in 1871 was JNIiss Emma Bowsher, and their family 
of five children hear the respective names of Ma- 
mie L., Henry I., Charles A., William A. and .1. 
Clarence. They are both members of the Catholic 
Chuich. and in social mattere he is a (Jrand Army 
man. He is a man of industrious habits, ambitious, 
and honorable in his ambition, and is one of the 
wealthiest men in this count}*. The interest which 
ho has manifested in the various matters which re- 
late to the growth (jf the city and county adds to 
his reputation arid deepens the respect of his fel- 

perintendent of Public and High .Schools of 
Wapakoneta, Ohio, came into the bus}' life 
of the world at a time, and under auspices, 
calculated not only to develop the best that was in 
him, but to call into play the strongest elements of 
his nature. Ohio was in its j-outhful days, and 
schools and culture had not reached that point where 
a finished education was the rule and expectation 
of the great mass of the youth, .as now. The free- 
dom of pioneer life was around him. and while he 
learned the lessons of refinement and culture 
within his parental home, he was learning the les- 
sons of self-reliance, courage, and ]>ei"sonal respon- 
sibility, from the outdoor environments of his day 
and neighborhood. 

He was born in Perry County, Ohio, Jlay 1:2, 
1S.'5.T, and traces his ancestry in this country back 
as far as the coming of -The Maytlower." in which 
iJiie (if the Williamsons came to this country. He 
was an intimate friend of the celebrated Miles 
St.uidish. and with him niade explorations into the 
interior of the countrv the dav after landina' on 

American shores. Hugh Williamson, one of the 
early memltei-s of the family, a man of mark 
in early da>-s. and a Common Plea.s Court 
.ludge. While making a journey on horeeback to 
Lancaster, Ohio, to hold court, a heavy storm came 
up and he rode under a shed for protection. While 
there, he struck by lightning and instantly 
killed, the bolt melting a fine silver watch that he 
carried in his pocket. 

The paternal grandfather, W.xshington William- 
son, was a Virginian by birth, and followed the 
calling of a land surveyor. He was one of the 
tried and faithful soldiers of the Revolution, and 
was a nephew of Gen. Williamson. About 1800, 
he came down the Ohio Kiveron a tiat-boat. but 
being exposed to a pouring rain when coming 
down with the measles, he caught a severe cold, 
which resulted in his death in 180.j, at ^Marietta, 
Ohio, of consumption. .lohii W. Williamson, 
father of the subject of this sketch, was the only 
child of his parents and was Ixtrn and reared in 
Perry County, Ohio. He an honest tiller of 
the soil, and died in Seneca County. Ohio, in 188.5, 
leaving a family of five children to mourn his 
loss: Charles W; Angcline. wife of Lewis Conant, 
of Osceola, Mo.; Mary J., wife of James Kelley; 
Charlotte, wife of S. Faurot, and Dr. Milton, of 
Findl.ay, Ohio. The mother of these children was 
Miss Elizabeth Wiseman prior to her marriage, a 
German by descent, whose ancestors followed .ag- 
ricultural i)ursuits. 

Prof. Chailes W. Williamson seems to be one of 
that class singled out by nature to show what a 
man can do when he sets his mind upon accom- 
plishing a certain object, lie is self-made, and 
what he h:is won in the w.ay of this world's o-oods. 
and in his personal achievements, is due to his 
own good fighting qualities. Brought up on a 
farm until he attained his majority, he witnessed 
and expeiienced the hardships and privations of 
pioneer life, and from the time he could cut out a 
chip, he swung the ax until he had cleared two 
farms. His youth and early manhood weroalmost 
wholly spent in the confiicls and rou^h expe- 
riences that mark the life of the fii-st settlers in a 
new country, where the only art at that lime known 
was the art of war; the onlv science, the science 



of life, as uarrowly viewed from the staiulpoiiit of 
bread and bulter; and the only education that 
wli it'll was obtained in the pioneer log school- 
house. Yet sound sense and discriminating judg- 
ment were not lacking, and he was imbued with a 
determination to make the best use of all the pos- 
sibilities which might present themselves, and s( 
upon attaining his twenty-first year he enterr 
ITeidelljurg College at Tiftin, Ohio, graduating in 
1858. This was accomplished after eleven j-ears 
of arduous labor, for he was compelled to teach in 
order to defray his collegiate expenses, and is but 
one of the many instances illustrating the will 
power of the man. In the meantime, he studied 
law and attended the Union Law College at Cleve- 
land, from which he was graduated in 1863. 

After finishing his legal couree, he found that 
his means were at such a low ebb that he must 
engage in some occupation that would bring 
liim in immediate funds, and he began devoting 
himself to his former occupation of teaching. In 
the year 1868, he took charge of the public 
schools of Wapakoneta, but declined a re-election 
in 1879, and turned his attention to engineering 
and surveying roads in Auglaize County. In 1880, 
he accepted the position of Superintendent of the 
schools of Napoleon, but two years later resigned 
his position to purchase a half-interest in the Al- 
len County Democrat, of which pai)er he was the 
aljle editor for one year. He then became Super- 
intendent of the schools of New Bremen. Ohio, 
and four years later was elected to his present po- 
sition, which he has filled with equal credit to him- 
self and the county. He keeps thoroughly posted 
in his profession, is in constant touch with all forms 
of current thought, and it is a principle of his to 
perfect his work more and more. He has been 
School Examiner of Auglaize County for the past 
seventeen years, which is a sufficient guarantee of 
his ability and popuLarity. In the year 1870. he 
married ilaria L. Timmonds, a native of Mercer 
Count\-, Ohio, by whom he luis one son. Howard. 
Mrs. Williamson is a member of tlie Presbyterian 

The scliool buildings over which Prof. William- 
son presides are substantial structures. (Jne c(in- 
sists of ten large school-rooms, the third sturv be- 

ing used for the two highest grades, and a large 
hall which is used for commencement exercises. 
The building is heated by a natural-gas furnace, 
which can be regulated to any temperature at a 
moment's notice. The other building contains five 
rooms, and is located in the eastern part of the 


\t^^ EV. ROBERT McCASLlN, B. A.. D. D., of 
llgfr the First Presbyterian Church, of which he 
■^ \V been pastor since October 1, 1866, has 
ever sought to develop the highest type of 
social life in the church, and has become the per- 
sonal friend of each member of his congregation. 
The church was organized in September, 1825, 
one of tlie first organized religious bodies in this 
county-, and the first church structure, a frame 
building, was erected during 1830, on the location 
now occupied by the present church. This was used 
as a church for thirteen years, or until the present 
fine large brick edifice was built. The latter 
contains lecture-room, Sunday-school room and 
audience-room on one floor and in the basement 
the other departments. The seating capacity of the 
auditorium is four hundred and will hold altogther 
about one thousand. This building was erected 
at a cost of >i25,000, not counting the lot, and the 
present membership is about four hundred. When 
Mr. McCaslin first came here, thei-e were two hun- 
dred members and at one time, in 1886, one hun- 
dred and seventy-five members were added. About 
fifty have been added the present year. 

Mr. McCaslin is a native of Pennsylvania, born 
near New Castle, Lawrence County, on the 13th 
of May, 183-1, and is a son of Joseph and Rose 
.\nna (Elder) ^IcC.aslin, both of Irish-Scotch de- 
scent. The aneestoi-s came from the North of Ire- 
land ai:out three generations back and were Pres- 
bvterians as far back as any record is kept. Our 
subject received his education at the Westminister 
College of the United Presbyterian Church at 
New Wilmington, Lawrence County, Pa., and 
from tliat institution he received the decree of 



B. A. He immediately corameuced liis studies in 
the Theological Semin.iry of the same chinch :it 
Alleghany City and finished in April, 1860. He 
belonged to the Covenanter Pieshyterian Chui-cli 
and was licensed to proach in April, 18G0. After 
this, he was an itinerant minister for one year, 
principal!}- through the 'Western States, and was 
then ordained and installed pastor of the Reformed 
Presbyterian Church of Xenia, in JMay. 18G1. 
There ho leniained for five and a-half years, and 
during the war he was out with the Home Guards; 
being called in ]8()4, he enlisted in the One 
Hundred and Fifty-fourth Ohio Infantry, of which 
he was made Chaplain. He was sent to Piedmont, 
West Virginia, on the l>altiinore A- Ohio Railroad, 
and was in service until cessation of hostilities. 

He remained in Xenia until the fall of 186G, 
after which he came to .Sidney, and he has labored 
faithfully for the cause of Christianity at that 
point for the last quarter of a century. He was 
made 1). D. by the I'resbyterian Church and Woos- 
ter University in January. 18;)0. Mr. McCaslin 
was married on the 13th of January. 1861, to Jliss 
JIary Smith, a native of Alleghany City, I'a., and 
the daughter of Samuel and Mary Smith, both of 
whom were from the North of Ireland. Mr. and 
Jlrs. McCaslin are tlie parents of two children, as 
follows: Frank, engaged in the hardware business 
at Sidney, and Jennie, wife of Jesse L. Dicken- 
sheest, who is inanaL'^er of the Sidney Gazette. 


_ County, when the Reliellion broke out. sent 
^ a iiolile band i.if devoted, patriotic citi/.en- 
soldiers to the front at the first call for troo|)s to 
defend the homir and unity of our country. 
Prominent among tlii> number was (.'ol. Wiliiam 
Keiineily. wlm used his intluence to rai>e a com- 
[lany of men. and in tlie long and trying years 
that fr.howeil. was di^tingui-hed .as one of the 
ablest and brave-t. .as wl-U as one of the most 
trU5Lworth\, of lU,- olli,a-r~ of hi; rei;iment. Tlie 

Colonel also has a place in the history of this 
county as one of its pioneers, who boldly f.aced 
the dangers and trials of life in the wilderness, 
bearing with fortitude its many privations and 
discomforts, and by dint of hard labor reclaiming 
a beautiful farm on section 20, Salem Townshii). 
'from the primeval forests which abounded in this 
'I'egion when he came here more than forty years 
ago, .as one of the original settlers of this neigh- 
borhood, he and his sister now being the only two 
left of those who firet located in the northern part 
of the township, on what is known as The Ridce. 

Col. Kennedy was born in Juniata County, Pa., 
June 2;% 1821. His paternal ancestors were of Irish 
blood, while his ancestors on his mother's side were 
.Scotch. His father, Richard Kennedy, was a Penn- 
sylvania farmer, and died in Juniata County, in 
his native State, at the age of fifty-six years. His 
wife. !Mary Graham, also a native of Pennsylvania, 
lived to be seventy ye.ars old. Our subject is the 
youngest of nine children, and lie and his sister, 
Jlrs. Lawrence, are the only survivors of the fam- 
ily. In b03'hood, he obtained a limited education 
in the di.-trict schools, but early displayed an 
aptitude for mechanics, and so decided to become 
a carjienter when he was quite 3'oung. 

In 18:^7. after he had worked at his trade for 
a while in his native State, he determined to tr\- 
life in Ohio. He crossed the Alleghany Jlountains 
on foot, and bare-footed at that, and finally ar- 
rived at his destination m Wayne County, foot- 
sore and weary. He at once .actively resumed his 
calling, and in a few years rose to be one of tlie 
leading carpenters in the county. He planned 
and constructed many large brick residences and 
barns in various localities while living there. In 
1841.1. he visited Auglaize County, journeying 
through the woods on horseliack, and spent tlie 
winter of 18411-41 in the vicinity of his present 
home. The country was then a howling wilder- 
ness for miles in either direction, and settlements 
were few and far between. He was. however, 
pleased with its beauty and the possibilities it 
offered to an enterprising, industrious man to 
build up his fortunes, and in 18t'.» ho came here to 
locate permanently. Ho purchased a tract of land 
on section 20, in tlie northern part of Saleiu Town- 


ship, on The Ridge, and by years of laborious and 
well-directed toil, tr.-insfofmed it into a valu- 
.il)Io farm, supplied with all the modern improve- 
ments and conveniences for carrying on agriculture 
profitably. He has given to each of his three 
eldest children forty .acres of fine farming land, 
and retains one hundred and seven acres in his 
lioniestead. He cut the first stick of timber on 
his land, and erected the first house in this vicin- 
ity. There were then no regularly laid out roads 
in this region, but he afterward helped to make 
some of the present highways of travel. In the 
dense forests that abounded, he had many fine 
chances for exercising his skill as a marksman, 
and killed not a few deer and turkeys. 

The breaking out of the war roused a martial 
spirit in the heart of our subject, and at the first 
call for troops he bent all his energies to raising a 
company of soldiers, which was attached to the 
One Hundred and Eighteenth Ohio Infantry as 
Company E. The regiment was mustered in at 
Camp Lima, was placed in comm.and of Col. S. R. 
Jlott, and our subject was appointed Captain of 
his company-. His first military duty was in Ken- 
tucky, guai-ding the Kentucky Central Railway, 
and he was at Robinson Station much of the time 
while there. The One Hundred and Eighteenth 
Infantry built a large number of stockades and 
block houses along the line of that railw.ay, and 
was often engaged in scouting wliile in the Blue 
Grass State. August 16, 186.3. it ordered to 
join Buruside's command in Eastern Tennessee, to 
take part in his expedition in that quarter. While 
on that campaign, the Colonel and his men had 
some bitter experiences in their numerous en- 
counters with the enemy. Tliey were at last cut 
off from support, and came near dying of starva- 
tion. The Colonel went twenty-four hours without 
a mouthful of food, and for some time he and his 
comrades subsisted on scant rations, such as corn 
meal, ground cob and all, and were glad to get 
even that, as the surrounding country been 
foraged of every eatable. Starvation was immi- 
nent when relief finally came. 

In the spring of 1884, Col. Kenneily and his 
reirimeut were-eut to join (ien. Sliernian at lvi>cky- 
Fuced Kidge, to assist in the famous Allan Ui cam- 

paign, of which the first real battle was fought al 
Mossy Creek, Res.aca following. During that 
campaign, Col. Young, since Governor of Ohio, 
who had command of tlie One Hundred and Eigh- 
teenth Infantry, was taken ill, and was relieved bv 
Col. Kennedj', who took his place at the head of 
the regiment June 2:5, 1864. He led it at Kene- 
saw Mountain, when .about one-third of tlie men 
in his old company were slaughtered. He i)roved 
a right gallant leader, who inspired his soldiers to 
brave deeds by his coolness, daring and invincible 
courage in the face of the greatest dangers, his 
skill in h.indling his troops, his promptness in 
obeying the ordere of his superiors and his intelli- 
gence in executing them, winning the commend.a- 
tion of his superiors. He received merited promo- 
tion to the rank of Lieut.-Colonel. his commission 
bearing the date of October 12, 1864. December 
12, of that year, he obliged to resign from the 
army on .account of ill health, the long and ardu- 
ous strain to which he had been subjected in 
common with others during his lengthy term of 
service, telling seriously on his naturally fine con- 
stitution. He sufi'ered for some time, and did not 
fully recover so as to resume military duty until 
the war had closed. He had had some thrilling 
experiences while in the South, had many miracu- 
lously narrow escapes, but was never seriously 
injured, although in the thick of manv a battle. 
His farm had been lying idle while he had been 
fighting for his country, and after his return home 
lie resumed it^ management as soon .as convales- 

Col. Kennedy been twice married. In .Tune, 
184.T. he was wedded to >Iiss IMary McCoy, a 
native of Wayne County. She died in .-Vugust, 
187.'). leaving three cliildren. Laura C, Sarah A. 
and Ohio .V. The Colonel's second marriage was 
with Jlrs. Eliza Cook, nee Redd, and took place 
.June 27, 1876. Jlrs. Kennedy is a native of Ohio, 
and is a daughter of one of its pioneer families, 
her parents being natives of Pennsylvania. To 
her and our subject have been born two children, 
Richard M. and William L. 

The Colonel is a man of much strength of char- 
aeler. who has the coiir.age (if his opinions. :ujd lie 
is well informed on all the current topics of the 

Portrait axd biographical record. 


day. He is thoroughly posted in politics, though 
not taking a very active part in them for the past 
few years. He cast his first vote for Martin Van 
Biiren when he was candidate for the Presidency 
in 1840, and he sides with tlie Democrats. He has 
never sought oflico. but he lias held some respon- 
sible positions. He served a> Trustee of the town- 
ship several terms, and was chosen Lanil Appraiser 
in I860, and again in l.sso. His wife is a member 
of the Presbyterian Church. :\nc\ he donates liber- 
ally to its support, as well .as to all worthy objects 
that he thinks mav better the communitv. 


IV.ESLEY S.MITII. This gentleman is associ- 

\\' a/A •'ift'd with the farmers and stockmen who 
^y^' have been prime movers in the develop- 
ment of the agricultm-al resources of Augl.aize 
County, and lie has valuable farming and stock 
interests in >>"oble Township, of wliich he been 
a resident these many years. He was born near 
Trenton, Is. .1.. November 30, 1832, a son of Will- 
iam JNI. and Mary C. (Hunt) .Smith, wlio were na- 
tives of iS'ew .Jersey. 

William Smith was lioni A))rii 28, 1803. Li 
early life, he learneil tlie trade of a shoemaker 
and currier. In tlie spring of 1833. in the full 
vigor of a stalwart, self-reliant niaidujod. he emi- 
grated to Ohio, and at first c.a.-t in his fortunes with 
the pioneers of Greene County, where he followed 
farming. He subsei|Uently removed to Darke 
County, where he re^ideil eiL:lit years ^irior to 
coming to this county. He entered land in Xoljle 
Townshi|) ill \>>o2. and the following year rettlt-d 
upon it. building a log house in the woods and 
startinii out once more in the regulation pioiu-er 
style. He cleared and developed his farm and 
dwelt in this ti.>wn?liip until lie closed his eye? on 
the scenes of earth .laiuiary '22. bs;u . when eighty- 
eight years of ai;e. having lived u|irightly in the 
-ight of (";.).] :nid ni.-iii. ;ind wiiiniuL;' uni\'i--r<.-il 
esteem. He w:ij Sui.i'i inlcii.icnl of Uie hr^t Coun- 

ty Infirmary Farm of Auglaize County, and in 
whatever position he was, he performed his duties 
with char.a(?teristic fidelity. He joined the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church at Port Jeffci-son in 1840, 
while a resident of Darke County, and for fifty 
years and more he a most exemplary Christian, 
a strict churchman, and was of a kindly, charitable 
nature, that could see some good in every man. His 
wife, who was also an active member of the same 
church .as that to which he belonged, preceded him 
in death, dying in 1880. in the sevent^-fii-st year 
of her age. They had ten children, six of whom 
grew to maturity and four still survive. 

The subject of this sketch is the eldest of the 
family living. His educational advantages were 
limited, as his parents were poor and needed his 
assistance, so that he was able to go to school 
only two or three months in the winter, the school- 
house to which he then went being of the pioneer 
type, constructed of logs and provided with slab 
seats that did not have any backs or desks. In 
18.58, he began life for himself, marrying in the 
spring of the year, having previously made his 
home with his father and mother. After his mar- 
riage, he hx^ated on his father's farm, Ijtit two 
years later he removed to a tract of forty acres of 
land that he had bought in Jloulton Township. 
In 18(;3. he came to Noble Township and pur- 
cha-ed land on section 15, lying along the St. 
Maiy'> River. It wa? partly cleared, but the sulj- 
stantial and well-arranged set of buildings that 
now aih.'rn the place were put up by him. and he 
Iki.~ brought the farm into a very tine condition. 
He ha.- two hundred and twenty acres of lieautiful 
farming land, one hundred and sixteen acres beiiii,'- 
comprised in the home farm on section 1.5. and he 
has a half-interest in one hundred and twentv 
acres besides. He a valuable gas well on his 
laml. which is a source of great profit. He started 
on his career empty-handed, but he needed not the 
adventitious aid of fortune to .achieve success in 
his chosen calling, as a clear brain, a re>oliite will, 
sturdy coniraou sen-e and industrious habits jtood 
liim 111 good stead. He stayed not to query 
whether or no life was worth living, but made it 
so by |ierforming each duty a- it eanie to hand, 
and b\ ultendiusr slriclh to bu;iue?;. Hi.^ aduiir- 



able traits of cliaiacter have also made bim an in- 
valuable citizen and a trusty public official, lie had 
been Assessor of Xoble Township and for seven 
years he had charge of the finances of the town- 
sliip as Treasurer, rulitically. he is loyal to the 
Democratic party. In liis social relations, he is a 
member of the JIasonic fraternity. Botli he and 
his wife are prominently connected with the Jleth- 
odist Episcopal Church as two of its most active 
members, and he is a Trustee of tlie same. 

:March 11, 1858. our subject took an important 
step in life, as on that date he was wedded to Miss 
Eliza1)eth Botkin, a native of Illinois, in whom he 
has found the best of wives. Iler father was a 
native of Clai-ke County, in this .State, lie mar- 
ried Rebecca, daughter of Maj. Pickett Doutey, 
and they went to Illinois in the early years of its 
settlement. 3Ir. and Mrs. Smith have been blessed 
in tlieir marriage with six cjiildren, namely: Le- 
viea. wife of Richard Barrington, a farmer of St. 
Mary's Township; William F., who is married and 
lives on a farm near his old home; .lennie, de- 
ceased; Ida; and Mollie and Cora,wlio are te.achers 
of high standing. Tlie eldest daughter began 
teaching before she was sixteen years old and 
taught several terms very successfully. 

^^EORGE E. EMERY. A history of the 
(l[ __ prominent men of Logan County would in 
"^^^ijj no me.osure l)e complete without mention 
of the subject of this sketch, George E. Emery, a 
most popular and influential farmer of Harrison 
Township. This gentleman first saw the liulit of 
dav in Pennsylvania, his birth occurring in Ches- 
ter County on the 13th of March. bS-KJ. 

His grandfather, Peter Emery, a native of Penn- 
sylvania, and a German by descent, folluwod tlie 
occupation of a farmer and distiller in that State 
for many yeai-s; he became the owner of three farms 
and was a substantial citizen of his native State, 
where he died when ninety-tliree years of age. Ills 
son. .lames Emery, the father of our siilijert. aKo 
claimed Pennsylvania as his native State, and 

Chester as his native county, his birth having oc- 
curred on the 1st of March. 1818. Fanning was 
his principal occupation in life, and this he car- 
ried on successfully- in his native Slate until 1854, 
when he moved to Harrison Townsliip. Eogan 
County, Ohio. He bought one hundred and sixty 
acres of land and made many improvements on it, 
but later moved to Bellefontaine, where he lived 
retired for six years. He died when sixty- four 
years of age, and was De.acon in the Presbyterian 
Church for some time before his death. He w;is 
a Republican in politics, and had held a number 
of minor offices of his township, being .Uistice of 
the Peace for some time. 

Our subject's mother was Eliza A. Eagle, a native 
of Lancaster County, Pa., who born on the 2od 
of January, 1818, and six of her seven children 
grew to mature years. They were as follows; 
Elmina .1., Cyrus E. (deceased), (^ieorge E., Oli- 
via E. (deceased), Louis T., William K., and 
.lames L. (deceased). The mother died when 
over fifty years of age, and was an .active mem- 
ber of the Presbj'terian Church. Her father, 
George Eagle, a native of Pennsylvania, 
so far as known, and his parents were born in 
Germany, Jlr. Eagle was a carpenter by trade, 
and followed that business all his life, dying when 
eight3'-five years of age. His wife was of Irish 

Eight yeai-s had p.assed over our subject's head 
when he came with his parents to Ohio, and here 
he attended the schools taught in the old log 
cabins of those days, being the fii-st boy wh ^ 
studied grammar in the school. When eighteen 
years of .age. he became convinced that a better 
education necessary, and, after teaching three 
terms, or when twent\-one years of age, lie en- 
tered Eastman's National Business College at 
Ponghkeepsie. X. Y., and graduated at that insti- 
tution on the -id of April, 1867. He subsequently 
we it M Chicago in search of a position, but was 
taken ill and returned home. His nuptials with 
^liss Nancy M. Horn, a native of Lake Township, 
this county, born November 11, 1849. solem- 
nized on the 20th of February. 1872. The three 
children lioni to llii.~ marriage were named as fol- 
lows: KUie A.. Levie E.. and Chivtou E. 



Immediately after his inairiage, ^Ir. Emery lo- 
cated on a farm in this towustiip, and now has one 
liundred and sixty acres in a tine state of cultiva- 
tion, lie erected a fine modern residence in 18'Jii, 
one of llie best in the townshiii. and has it nicely 
and comfortably furnished. lie has liis land w»'ll 
tilled, and although intere>tcd in farming, he does 
not neglect stock-raising, and ha> -onie tine ani- 
niaN on his place. Fonneily. lie bought many 
.-hcep and other stock and shipped them to liuITalo 
and Cincinnati. For llnie year,- he and liis 
brother. Louis T.. bought and .-hipped irrain. and 
were very successful in this Im-iness. Mr. and 
Mrs. Emery hold membership in the Lntlieran 
Cliurch, and he is a Republican in [lolitics. hold- 
ing the ottice of Township 'J'rea>uiei' at the pre>- 
ent time. lie has consideralih' political inlluence 
in the township and county, and i- a man who 
has a host of warm friends. .Mr. l-hnery i.- a prac- 
tical business man, and keeps an accurate book .ac- 
count of everything bought or sold on the farm. 
He is one of the county's most respected and es- 
teemed citizens. 

UDOLPH A. RCLMA.XN. .M. D. A very 
V-^ successful physician and popular druggist 
of Minster, is Dr. Rulinann. a native of 
'Prussia, born on the I'.lth of January, 
istil). Although young in year-, he has met 
with unusual success in the pro('e->icin he has 
chosen, and in the dual capacity of phvsician and 
druggist lua- gained a most emiablc reputation. 
His father, Herman I!. Rulniann. wa- :il>o a native 
of Prussia, and there followed tlie tr.-ideof a miller. 
In I.SC"). he emigrated to Arneiiea, locating 
Oldenburgh. later at Laurel. Ind.. and linally. m 
188S, came to Mm-ter. where he is m.w enu.-iL;edin 
milling. His wife, the motlier of our ^lllljecl. 
whose ;naiden name was .\ui_nr-t.'i Miiellai-. wa.- 
liorn in Prussia, and died in Indian.ain lH7.'i. .\f- 
terwai-d. the father married .Mi- .Muiv Hackman. 
Dr. Kulmann i= the elder of t«o . hildi en. lii.- 

l)rotlier being at the present lime a prescription 
clerk in a Cincinnati drug store. He was quite 
young when his parents came to America, his 
father crossing the ocean in l.S(;.'). and the family 
following in ISOll. They landed at Baltimore, 
.Md.. on the 1st of .Inly of the latter year, and on 
the 4th reached Cincinnati, where the dis|)la\' and 
celebration^ of that day made an indelible imiiro- 
siun upon the miiiil of the lad. liefore coming 
to America, he had attended school nearly four 
year> in hl^ own couiitr\ . and after reachint;- the 
Inited .^tate>. he wa> a -tudeiit in the Reading 
(Ohio) school aliont on,, year, and later studied 
at (Oldenburgh. liid. In the I.-^T 1. he entered 
Francis College and there pa.--ed two years, 
aftei- which, in tlie fall of IsTii. lie read medicine 
withDr. Aveidick.of Oidenbur-h. In the autumn of 
the following year, lie entered the Ohio Medical 
College. (.)f Cincinnati, took a graded einirse of four 
vcar.-. and wa> graduated on the .hi of March, 
1!S»1. uith the degree of .M. I). II,, had the ad- 
vantage of ho-pital praetiee <iuring hi.- collegiate 
studios, and tixik a special coiir-e in ob.-tetricsand 
diseases of women .ami children. 

On the 2-2d of A|)ril. Lssi. Dr. Knlmann began 
practicing in Minster, and is now one of the fore- 
most physicians of the county, where he has an 
e.xcellent practice and i^ well establi.-hed in busi- 
nes.«. In the year I.^iSl. he w.-i- mariied to Miss 
Isabel .Schmieder. a n.'iti\ e of Min.-ter. Her father. 
Hon. .1. P. .Shmiedei. wa- one of the earliest set- 
tlers and nio,-t prominent citi/.en- of .Miir-ter. where 
he re-ided for many year-. He wys a jihysician of 
acknowledu'cd ability, and hi- death, which oc- 
curred in l.ssiT. while he was -erving his second 
term as .Stale .Senator, wa- widely mourned a- a 
|>ublic los-. .Mr-. Kulmann died on the I'.Hli of 
Feliruary. ISSij. Two cliildron were lioiii to tlii- 
unioii. .Vlbert II. ami .loliu P. (decea-eil ). 

Dr. Kulmann '.I -eii.nd inarri.-ige occurred in is.s.s. 
lii> wife being Mi" .bi-eiihine \ogel-an^'. who wa- 
born in Min-ter. .iiid who-e parent-. Fred and 
Elizabeth \"o<.'el-aiiL:. were early -eltler- of tliat 
place, where they re-ide .at llie pre-i-nl linie. Two 
iliiblren have been li.-in 1,. Dr. and .Mr>. Pul iiiann . 
( laieiiee an.l lleiiierl. In political prelereiice. 
oui -iibjecl ir- a Deiuocral and a ^lancll ail\ oc.alc 



of the platform of that party. For the past four 
years he has been Health Officer of the town. He 
and his wife are members of the Catholic Church. 
In 1881, he established a drug store in Minster 
(the only one in the village), and h,as occupied his 
present fine building since 1889. He is Secretary 
and Treasurer of the Rulinann Milling Company, 
of which his father is President, and he is one of 
the most enterprising and thorough-going men of 
the place. 

^^^^, EOKGE C.VinVOOD is one of tlicmostsuc- 

ll! cessful and suljstantial business men of 

^V^-JA; Rush Creek Township, and now resides at 
Big Springs. Logan County, Ohio, wliere, in con- 
nection with farming, lie is also engaged in the saw- 
mill business, which consists of planing and bending 
works, also located at Big Springs,whither he moved 
it from his farm many years ago. His .son AVillie 
is in partnership with him and they are doing a 
lar^e business. They also own a hardware estab- 
lishment, ill which they furnish finisliings for 
liouses. -Mr. < Garwood has been one of the leading 
business men of the townslii[> for many years and 
is deservedly popular, bearing an excellent repu- 
tation for honesty and uprightness. 

Our subject first saw the light of <lay in East 
Liberty, Perry Townsliip, Logan County, Ohio, in 
the first house erected in the village, November 11, 
1823, and is the son of .Tames and Jane (.Smith) 
Garw(M)il. nalives of the Old Dominion, the fatlier 
being b'irn in Culpeper County in 1800 and tlie 
mother in IT'.IO. The paternal grandfather of our 
subject, .hidge 1.l-vi < iarwood, a native of \'ir- 
ginia and it is supposed that lie was reared in that 
State. In 1812. lie came direct to Logan C'nunty, 
Ohio, and located in Perry Township among the 
first settlers. His father, Thomas Garwood, was a 
native of England and came with two brothers to 
■Virginia at a \im\ early date. 

The parents of our>ubjecl wen- maniuil in [^'J'-i. 

at what is now East Liberty, and began housekeep- 
ing in the building where our subject was born. 
The father a miller and took charge of the 
first mill in the county, remaining there about 
three years. He then moved three-quarters of a 
mile east of that village, located on a farm, and in 
connection with farming carried on a sawmill for 
about five year's. In about 1831 he built the first 
carding mill in the county, located on Otter Creek, 
in Perry Township, and carried this on for about 
twelve years when he moved back to East Liberty, 
At this place he followed farming and also worked 
in the mill until his death, in ISTi. The mother 
was a widow with seven children when she mar- 
ried Mr. Garwood. She passed away in the 3ear 

The original of this notice was the eldest of three 
sons born to his parents and is now the only one 
living. The others were Levi and Ozero. He had 
limited educational advantages in youth and was 
obliged to walk over two miles to attend the dis- 
trict school. Later he attended the log school- 
house in East Liberty and thus obtained a fair ed- 
ucation. He remained with his parents until 
twenty-one yeai-s of age and all his earnings went 
to liis father and mother. lie selected his wife in 
the person of Miss Eraeline Brown, daughter of 
William E. and Eva (Sowles) Brown, and their 
nuptials were celebrated on the 1st of .Tan nary, 
184tj. Her parents were n.atives respectively of 
Massachusetts and Vermont, and they met and were 
married in Canada. There they located and re- 
mained about six years, when they came to the 
Empire State and settled in JMayville, the father 
working at the carpenter's trade. In 1838 he and 
family moved to Crawford, Ohio, remained there 
aliout three vears and then went to Union County, 
where tliey made tlieir home until coming to Logan 
County. Both are now deceased, tlie father dying 
in 1871 and the motlier in 1876, both in Rush 
Creek Townsliip, this county. They were tlie par- 
ents of nine children. ;Mrs. (iarwood being the 
third child and second daughter. .She was born in 
Canada on the 17th of January, 1824, and remained 
with her jiarents until her marriage. 

Following lii> marriage, our subjeel located on 
his father'.^ farm in Perry Township. Logan County, 



Ohio, and worked for bis fiitlier for three yeai-s. 
Later he settled on his own farm of one hundred 
aeres. one and a-lialf miles we>t uf Ka,-l Liherly. 
and tliere remained fifteen veal's, after which lie 
moved to Rush Creek Township wliere lie owneil 
another farm of two hundred and seveiity-tive 
aere,--. He Iniilt a sawmill lu'ii- and uiierated tiii> 
in eiinneetion with hi> airricultiiial |iiirsuit? fur 
fiiiu- years, when lie moved the mill to where it imw 
stands, at the liiir ."^priiiii^. ( liir subject miived 
from his farm In the villai;i' cf I'.i^' Spiinirs in 
1S,S(;. Imt he still owns and canies on his farm. 
Ilis marriage resulted in the liirtli of two sons: 
Carlos, a native of Perry Toun-lii|i. Lo.j;;iu County. 
( )hio. born in 1848. is married and resides in Hush 
Creek Township, this county. His wife was formerly 
Miss Retta Outland and they li.'ivc one son. Laii- 
son. Willie, our siibjecCs second -on. was also a 
native of Perry Township. Logan County. Ohio, 
born in 18.38. He married ^liss Mary .'-^imiisou 
and they have one son. Albert. 

Our subject now owns lluee hundred and s,v- 
enty-seven acres of land in Rush Creek Township 
and he and his son Willie carry on the planing- 
mill in connection with the sawmill and bending 
work-. Aside from this, they also keeji all kinds 
of iiouse finishings and hardware. In politics. Mr. 
Garwood allies himself with the Democratic party. 
He and his wife are classed among the representa- 
tive citizens of the county and are highly regarded 
bv all. 

DWAKl) C. K.\CM(..\i;rKN. I.oiami.- 
Township is conspicuous for the Tellt<^lli^ 
element which i- predominant, and their 
siipcrioi- methods in auiicultuic mc evident in the 
well-kcpl and iiro.liirti\-i.' faiiiiv Our subject is 
one of the huge number of (ieniiaii- who have 
here ileveloped the re-ources of tlii- legion -o ex- 
tensively, as he IS the owner of ii laru'c farm in ihi- 
section, and i-: enterin-ising and progressive. Mi. 
KanmL;:irteii is a s,,ii ,,f Fredeiiek niid l-^li/.-a ( Si- 

fornl) Baumgarten, natives of Germany, where 
they remained until 1847. when, on the loth of 
.May. of that year, they sailed from Bremen and 
after a voyage of seventy-four days landed in 
t)uebec. Canada. From there they went to Cin- 
cinnati, thence to I'ifpia, and on the Ifitli of .Sep- 
tember the family landed in Loramie Township. 
Shelby County. Ohio. The father |)nrchased eighty 
acres of wild land, erected a Mn:ill log cabin im it. 
and here he and his family resided until ls;.54. 
when he moved to I'iipia. this Slate. There his 
death occurred in l.s.sil. when eighty-four years of 
age. He served in tlie army in Germanv. and in 
his religiijii- views was a Lutheran. His wife 
passed away in 1«70. Nine ehihlreii were born to 
this worthy couple, only ti\-e now living'. 

Ldward Laumgarten. the third in order of liirtli 
of the alx>ve-nientioned childien. was lioni in (on- 
many on the l>th of Octolier. is.iil. and received 
his education in his native country, attending 
school every school day from the age of seven to 
fi.iurteeii. V,\ his early training he became familiar 
with the duties of the farm, and he remained at 
home and as-isted in developing the home place 
until twenty-six years of age. In l.s.")(l, he started 
out to fight his own way in life, and forsometimc 
worked out by the mi'iith. Three vears later, he 
rented land ami engaged in tilling the soil, con- 
tinuing this on rented land for sixteen vears. .\1- 
though he met with many discoin-.agements and 
drawbacks, the sturdy German blood in him showed 
itself, and by his perseverance and industry he 
became the (:iwner of a good farm in 18(io. After 
spending one winter on tlii-. he sold It. and then 
purchased other f.arms. which he s<ild during the 
next few years. 

In isr.'.t. !Mr. Lauingarteii |uiicha.sed his present 
faiin (111 section I'l. Loramie Townshii). it beiii^ 
[lartly iiiipvovecl. (In this he l.icated in ls7L>.ancl 
since then he has made many lir~l-class improve- 
ment-. iT'iud buildings, feiici 
the mo-t thorougli-goini;. wi 
county. He has a g-ood \\,-\r\. 
staiitial liaiik b.aiu. all the 
eneiL;\' and per-iM eram-e. |i 
lie.l to Mi-- .lohanii.i Mader. ; 
nh.i .-aiile ;,, .\iiiei-ica with 1 

. etc.. and is one of 
c-awake men of the 
residence and a -ub- 
-ult of indomitable 
Ishl. he. wa- niar- 
iialive of I ieniiaiiy. 
■r parents in l.S4:i. 



They settled in Loramie Township, this county, 
and here the father and mother passed tlie remain- 
der of their days. They were the parents of nine 
children, of whom Mi-s. Baumgarlen was tlie eldest 
of the girls, and seven are now living. 

Although Mr. and .Mrs. Baumgarlen 's union 
not been blessed by tlie birth of any cliildren, they 
adopted two, a lioy and girl, reared both to ma- 
ture years and saw them married. In politics. Mr. 
Bauragarton is independent and votes for the best 
man. He served two terms as Trustee and has 
held other local positions, tilling all with credit 
and to the entire satisfaction of the people. He 
and his wife are Lutherans in tlieir religious views. 
They have one hundred and forty acres of land, 
one hundred acres of which are improved, and 
three thousand rods of tiling are on the place. In 
connection with farming, he raises considerable 
stock, and although he started out to battle his 
own way m life without a cent, he has met with 
the best of success and is one of the county's most 
substantial farmers. 

sons of Pennsylvania wlio have brought 
^^ with them to this Western land sturdy in- 
dependence and the thrift and energy of those of 
that nativity is William K. Emery, who, although 
young in years, is one of the most progressive 
and successful agriculturists of Harrison Town- 
ship, Logan County. lie comes of an old and 
prominent family and was born in Lancaster 
County, Pa., on the 2-2(1 of February, lSo4. 

James Emery, father of our subject, as well as 
his grandfather, Peter Emery, were natives of the 
Kej'stone State, in which they carried on .agricul- 
tural pursuits .all their lives. In ci;)nnection with 
farming, at which he unusually successful, 
owning three largo farms, the grandfather also kept 
a distillery and was a man of excellent busines? 
acumen. IK' «.-i> :i ^uli^tanlial and wealth \ citi/.i-ii 
aud died in hi^ native .Slate when niuety-thrce 

years of age. James Emery, his son, was born in 
C'liester County on the 1st of March, 1818, and 
followed agricultural pursuits there until 1854, 
when he moved to Harrison Township, Logan 
County, Ohio, purchasing one hundred and sixty 
acres of laud on which he made many improve- 
ments. Later he moved to Bellefontaine, lived re- 
tired for six years, and died when sixty-four years 
of age. He a Deacon in the Presbyterian 
Church for some time before his death, and a 
man highly esteemed by all. He a Republican 
in politics and was Justice of the Peace of his 
township for some time. 

The mother of our subject, whose maiden name 
was Eliza A. Eagle, was a native of Lancaster 
Ccninty, Pa., born on the 23d of January, 1818, and 
of her union with James Emery seven children 
were born: Elmina J., Cyrus E. (deceased), George 
E., Olivia E. (deceased), Louis T., William K. (our 
subject) aud James L. (deceased). The mother, 
who had been a consistent member of the Presby- 
terian church for m.any years, died when a little 
over fifty years of age. Her father, George E.agle, 
who was a native of Pennsylvania, so far as known, 
and who came of German parentage,was a carpenter 
by trade and followed that business until his death 
when eighty-five years of age. His wife was of 
Irish extraction. 

Our subject was brought by his parents to Logan 
County, Ohio, the April following his birth, and 
after attaining a suitable age attended the district 
schools in winter but during the summer season 
was actively engaged in assisting his father on the 
farm. On the 10th of January, 1878, he was mar- 
ried to Miss Arab Lee Wellman. who born in 
Harrison Township, this county, on the 2;5d of 
December, 18.59. Five children were born to this 
union as follows: Wilbert S., Harry W., Mary L., an 
infant, and Helen May, all deceased. At the death of 
his father, Mr. Emery fell heir to the home place. He 
h:is one hundred and sixty .acres, all under cultiva- 
tion except thirty acres, and is actively cng.aged 
in farming and stock-raising. He keeps a great 
man}' cattle, horses aud Merino sheep and his 
principal crops are wheat and corn. His frame 
l.tini. which i-- ..111' of the best in the township, cost 
him about J2,UUU at the lime of its building, and 



JOIIX KKLLKi;. the |iO|iul:ii- Clerk of Au- 
glaize Ciiuiity, is what is commonly called a 
self-made man. as they usually occupy high 
positions, both in National and State affairs, 
and reach higher positions in the commercial world 
than thi»e whose childluxid was surrounded by 
every o|)[iortunity. lie was Iiorn in Miamis- 
liurgh, ilontgoraery County, this Slate, June 24, 
1830, to .Joseph and ISIaria (Zwier) Keller, the 
former of whom was a native of France, and the 
latter of Lebanon County, Pa. 

The father of our subject emigrated from his 
native land to the United States when twenty- 
eight j'ears of .age. He was a carpenter by trade, 
and, locating in the aliove-named (.'ounty in Penn- 
sylvania, there met and married his wife. The 
young couple subsequently removed to this State 
and made their home for some time in Miamis- 
burLih. where the father prosecuted his trade. In 
l!^.3(j. he moved to Allen County, now Auglaize 
County, and. locating in AVapakoneta. there de- 
parted this life in 1847. 

]Mr. and ilrs. .Joseph Keller were the parents of 
eight children, two of whom are now living.- the 
brother of our subject being Henry S. Keller, who 
makes his home in Xebr.aska. .John of this sketch 
was reared to manhood in Wapakoneta, and prose- 
cuted his studies in the best schools which the lo- 
cality afforded at tliat time. AYhen starting out 

is a bank barn, 40x60 feet. Mr. and Mrs. Emery are 
members of the Lutheran Church at Bellefontaine. 
He is a Republican in politics and served as Town- 
ship Trustee for nine years and for the past seven 
or eight years been Road Supervisor, holding 
that position at the present time. He is a prosper- 
ous young farmer and is bound to make a success 
of his calling. | 

On another page will be frnmd a view of the 
comfortable home and rural surroundings on I\Ir. ! 
Emerv's place. i 

in life for himself, he acted as a clerk for a num- 
ber of years, which occupation he followed when 
removing to St. Mary's in 1849. He later was 
given the position of Station Agent for the Lake 
Erie <fe Western Railroad, which he repi-esented 
for fourteen jears. 

Mr. Keller elected to his present ofhce in 
1888, and so well did he perform its duties that 
he received a re-election tlic following term. 
While a resident of St. Mary's, ho was Township 
Clerk for a period of twelve years, and by his 
honest and straightforward life was highly re- 
garded. He deserves great praise for the interest he 
manifests in public affairs, and is a willing con- 
tributor to all worthy causes. 

In October, 18.55, he of whom we write and Miss 
Rebecca Armstrong were united in marri.age, and 
to them been born a family of two sons and 
one daughter, namely: Charles II., Hariy A. and 
Maud E. Mr. Keller is a member of the Masonic 
fraternity, the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, and is an ardent memlier of the Democratic 
party, whose principles he takes great pride in 
supporting. His wife is an active member of the 
Congregational Church, and they number their 
friends among the best residents of the countv. 


W OHS W. THATCHER, a prominent grain- 
IJ buyer and lumberman at De Graff, Ohio, is 
-— |r a self-made man, and what he has accum- 
',^// ulated in the w.ay of this world's goods is 
the result of his own good fighting qualities. He 
is possessed of unusually good judgment, excellent 
business acumen, and is one of the foremost busi- 
ness men of the county. He was born in Greene 
County, Ohio. November 21). 1841, and is the son 
of Absalom and Isabella (Hedges) Thatcher, na- 
tives of Virginia. The father was of I'.nglish- 
Irish. and the mother of Engli-h-German, extrac- 

.\bsalom Thatcher followed the occupation of a 
farmer until 1831. when became to Greene County. 



He settled on tlio Little Miami River, a few miles 
from Xema. and operated a sawmill, a very ex- 
tensive one for the time, and eontiinied this a 
number of year;^. He also owned a stone quarry. 
From tliere. he renioveil to I'rliana, Champaign 
County. Ohio, and a short time later to St. Paris, 
of the same eounty. where his death occurred in 
iy.')I.when lifty-seven years of age. He was a 
|iowerfully Imill man. stood six feet and one-half 
inches in his stoeUinifs. ami weighed tw(j hundred 
|)onnds. He worked hard all his life and was a 
man of more than ordinary intelligence. Six of 
the twelve children horn to this wtirthy couple 
were reared to .matiu'e years and were named as 
follows: Samuel. .lose|)h. l.ucinda. .Tonathan. .Tohii 
W. and Henry C. 

The original of tlii? notice passed his boyhood 
days in ("ireene and Champaign Counties and was 
educated in the district and village schools, at- 
tending the same district school in Greene County 
as Whitelaw Reid, the famous editor of tlie New 
York Tribune and at present a candidate for the 
Vice-presidency of the I'nited States on the Re- 
publican ticket. He recalls many incidents of their 
boyhood days. When nine years of age, our sub- 
ject removed with his father to Crbana and there 
attended the public schools. Later he attended 
the schools at St. Paris after locating there, and 
when sixteen years of age he worked one year at 
tlie pla>terer's trade. For some time after this, he 
worked at common laboi' on the farm and was 
nineteen yeaj's of age when the war broke out. 
Filled with a patriotic desire to aid his country's 
cause, he enlisted in ^lay. ('ompan\- H. 
Twenty-sixth Ohio Infanti'y.and served faithfully 
and \aliantly for four year,- and six months. He 
participated in the campaigns through \Ve>t \\r- 
ginia. Kenliu-ky. Tennessee. Alabama, (ieorgia. 
Jfississiplii and Texas, and saw as much active 
service as any soldier in the army. ']"he tirst 
six months of his service were spent in West \'ir- 
ginia and then he joined the Army of the Cumlier- 
land and served in the Twenty-first and Fourth 
Corps until the close of the war. He took an ac- 
tive part in a great many battles and skirmishes, 
the principal being Stone River. Chickaniauga, 
Rockv-Faced Ridge, Resaca, Kenesaw, Atlanta, 

Jonesborough, Spring Hills, Franklin and Nash- 
ville. He had many narrow escapes from being 
killed and taken prisoner, and has every reason to 
be proud of his war record, for no braver or truer 
soldier trod the ground. He was wounded twice 
at .Stone River, once at Kenesaw Jlountain and 
once at Chickamauga. At the latter place, he was 
shot through the left arm near the elbow and was 
obliged to go to the hospital. The surgeons had 
decided to amputate the arm and had the table 
preiiared for that purpose, when our subject recov- 
ered consciousness and would not allow it. He can 
now use that arm but has to be careful. 

]Mnch of the time our subject was detailed on 
.scout duty, and while so engaged practiced a great 
deal of sliarpshooting, being considered an expert. 
At Kenesaw ^Mountain, he and a companion were 
sliarpshooting quite a distance from the L'niou 
line, when a rebel squad got after them and our 
subject's companion captured. While running 
to get away, a shell burst above Mr. Thatcher's 
head and a piece struck him on the knee, felling 
him to the ground. A rebel Major in hot pursuit 
came upon him and about to take him a pris- 
oner, when our subject gave a sudden spring and 
sought safety in a slough that was near. The 
Union forces coining up saved him from being 
captured and from being confined in Libby Prison, 
of which he had so great a horror that lie resolved 
to die rather than be captured. About the close 
of the war. Jlr. Thatcher's regiment was sent to 
New Orleans and across the Gulf to settle the 
trouble then rife in Texas, and he was mustered 
out at \'ictoria. that State, in October, 18().5. 

Returning home, our subject engaged in lumber- 
ing at Cra\(in. Champaign County, Ohio, and in 
1870, under the firm title of Thatcher Co., he 
embarked in the sawmill and planing-mill business. 
With the exception of a year or two. i>ur subject 
c(intiiHHHl at this until Isi.H.H. wlien he disposed of 
hi-- interest and operated a liiniber-yani, adding to 
that an elevator in July, 18,8',t. He handles a great 
deal of grain and is doing a rushing business. He 
owns considerable town prc>perty. and owing to 
the fact that he only had ^400 to start with at the 
close of the war, his success has been remarkable. 
He was married tirst in 1866 to Miss Anna Xeer, 



who was boin in Champaign County, Oliio, in 
1839, and of the nine children bora to them, seven 
grew to mature years and are named Alice, Cora 
(Mrs. Sullivan), Rosa (Mrs. P. S. Hudson), Zona, 
Minnie, James and Eva. Mrs. Thatcher p.assed away 
on the 26lli of June, 1882. Mr. Thatcher's second 
marri.age occurred in June, 1888. to Miss Minnie 
Xeer, sister of his former wife, and they have one 
rliild. Maxie D. Mr. Thatcher and wife and entire 
family are Methodists and Mr. Thatcher is Trus- 
tee in his church. Although he t.akes an active 
interest in politics, he does not aspire to office, and 
his vote is ever cast with the Republican party. 
He is a Mason and a member of the (irand Army 
Post at DeOraff. 


^■DRE\V KOHLER is an intelligent, wide- 
lOi awake and prosperous farmer, m.aking his 
home on section 1 7, Duchouquet Town- 
ship, Auglaize County. He is the son of 
John Frederick and Annie (Foos) Kohler, natives 
of Wurtemlierg. ( iermany, where the father was 
born in 1800. and the mother August 11. 1803. 
The parents started for the New World in 1847, 
but the father dying while en route to this country, 
was buried at sea. The mother, on landing on the 
shores of the New World, came directly to this 
county and settled upon a farm in Washington 
Township, two miles southwest of Wapakoneta, 
which place was in the inisscssion of the family 
until 18011. 

In the parental family were seven children, two 
of whom died on the passage to this country. 
Those living are P'red, Mary, .Vnna. liirtara, and 
our subject. The latter wa^ born April n. 1841, 
in Wurtemberg, Oermanj", and was a lad of 
jix years when lie accomp.anied his mother to 
their new home. His advantages for obtaining an 
education were extremely limited, he being per- 
mitted to attend school only three months during 
his life. He, however, trained by his mother 
in all that goes to make an honorable man, and thoroughly drilled in farm work while young, 
so that he came to his vocation well fitted to per- 
form its dutie.>. 

In 18G0. Mr. Kohler went to St. Eciuis, Mo., and 
April 27 of the following year returned and en- 
listed in the I'nion Array as a member of Com- 
pany K, Fifteenth Oliio Infantry. The company, 
which w.os organized in this county, was sent to 
Columbus, thence to Zanesville, where tliev re- 
ceived their arms, and then crossing over into West 
Virginia, guarded the Baltimore A- Ohio Railroad. 
His term of enlistment having expii-ed August 
28, 1861, our subject re-enlisted two days after 
for three yeai-s, in Company C, Thirty-seventh 
Ohio Infantry, and was soon promoted to the po- 
sition of Sergeant. The regiment was sent into 
the Kanawha Valley, and thence to Vicksburg under 
Gen. (irant. They were later with Gen Sher- 
man in tlie Chattanooga campaign, and partici- 
pated in the following battles: Princeton, RoUa, 
Fayetteville, Charleston (W. A'a.), siege of Vicks- 
burg and Jackson (Miss.), and Mission Ridge. 
Mr. Kohler was wounded, Xovember 24, 18fi3, 
by a ininie-ball, and after being confined for 
a time in the field hospital at the mouth of 
Chickaniauga Creek, he was .sent to Bridgeport, 
Tenn.. and tlience to Xashville, where he received 
a furlough for thirty d.'i3-s. At the expiration 
of that time, he rejoined his regiment at Cleve- 
land, Tenn., and took part in the battle of Dal- 
las, Ga., where he was again wounded. Mav 29, 
1864, by a minie-b.all, which entered his right 
lung. He was then sent to the hospital at Chick- 
amauga Gap, and then to Rome, Ga., where he lay 
until brought'home. Mr. Kohler received his hon- 
orable discharge December 13. 1804. having served 
his country faithfully and well for three years 
and eight months. 

March 5, 18G5, our subject and ML-s Paulina, 
daughter of Philip and Annie Maria (Kepler) 
Pfaff, were united in marriage. Tlie parents of 
Mrs. Kohler were natives of Prussia. German v, 
where the father jerved four years as a soldier in 
the Prussian army. They came to .Vmerica in 1834, 
and the father is still living at the advanced age 
of eigbt\'-seven years. 

The wife of our subject born March 4, 1844, 


in Duchouquet Township, this county, and de- 
paited this life in Xovember, 1879, after having 
liecorao the inothor of nine fhililrcn. two of whom 
are dec-ensed. 'I'liose livini; are Annie (Mrs. 
Charles Konislia), .lolin, Fred, Mary, (ieorge, Ed- 
ward. Albert, and Fra?ik. In Doeember, 1880, Mr. 
Kohler chose for his second wife Jliss JVIelinda 
Lee, a native of Rockingham, Xn., and the daugh- 
ter of .lacob II. Lee, who was a .soldier in the Con- 
federate arnn', and now lives in Pusheta Town- 
ship, this county. JNIrs. Kohler was Ixirn .Tanuary 
2.'). 18r)8, in A'irgiuia. 

The original of this ,-ketch has a good farm of 
one hundred and twenty acres, nearly all of which 
is improved. Since his return from the army, he 
has been unable to do any liard work and devotes 
his time and attention to superintending the oper- 
ations of tlic farm. Kc-ligiously. he is a member 
of the Lutlieran Churcli, while his good wife is 
connected with the I'nited IJrethren denomina- 
tion. He is a member of Kyle Post No. 41, G. A. 
H., in which body lie has been Cliaiilain, Senior 
and .Junior ^"ice. ami al.-o Commander. He is 
greatly interested in school affairs, and served 
as a Director of the School Hoard and also as a 
member of the Township lioard of Education. He 
has Occupied the position of Township .Assessor, 
and has been frequently chosen by the Republican 
party as delegate to the various district conven- 
tions, and also .as a member of the Central Execu- 
tive Committee. 

■ :=^=3^ ^|;g' 

I Shelby County, elected to that posi- 
tion in (Jctobei-, 1886. and re-elected in the 
>^!^y fall of 1889, for a term of three years. Our 
subject was born in Sidney, April 30, 18.57. where 
he is at present residing, and is a son of .lohn K. 
Cummins, who was brought to this county by his 
parent,- wlien three years of age, they removing 
from Mifflintown. .Juniata County, Pa., in 18.'34. 

.Joseph Cummins, the grandfather of our sub- 
ject, was a native of Lancaster, Pa., and on remov- 
ing to this county established in the merc-antile 
business, and at the same time carried on a thriv- 
ing tiade .as a miller. The father of our subject 
was very prominent in this count}', having been 
an attorney at Sidney, where he spent the greater 
part of his life. He a member of the Shelby 
County Bar from lS.').i until the outbreak of the 
Civil War. when, volunteering his services to the 
Union army, he made Lieutenant-Colonel of 
the Ninet_v-ninth r)liio Infantr}-, and later was 
promoted to be Colonel of the One Hundred and 
Eighty-fifth Ohio Infantry. He served his coun- 
try faithfully and well for a i)eriod of three yeai-s, 
and on returning home from the battlefield at the 
close of the war, resumed his practice as one of the 
well-known and influential members of the legal 

The maiden name of t)ur subject's mother was 
Harriet K. Carey; she was a native of this city and 
the daughter of .John W. Care}', an old and re- 
spected resident of Sidney, who the fii-st banker 
of the county, .lohn E. Cummins, prior to enter- 
ing the army, was Prosecuting Attorney, and on 
the close of that conflict, when agaih taking up 
the pursuits of civil life, represented his district in 
the State Senate, .and was Revenue Assessor under 
President .Johnson. He departed this life in April, 
187.), leaving a widow and three children; his 
good wife, however, survived him but a twelve- 
month, lier death t.aking pl.ace in Eebruar}', 1876. 
The sons of .John E. Cummins are .lohn C, now- 
engaged in the Citizens' Rank; Frank C, Deputy 
County Auditor, and oiu- subject. The latter 
received a good practical education in the city 
and High Schools, later supplementing the knowl- 
edge gained therein by a two-years course at the 
University at \Voostcr. Mr. Cummins then taught 
in the city school for one year, after which he was 
aiipointed Deputy County Auditcn-. in November, 
ISSd. under 11. S. .\iles. lie served m that posi- 
tion for six years and ten months, when he was 
elected County Auditor, and ha.- since performed 
all the duties pertaining to that office in a most 
satisf.actory and creditable manner. Our subject 
was a Delegate to the National Democratic Con- 



veDtion at Chicago, fiom tlie Fourth Congiessioiial 
District of Ohio. 

Miss Kate, d.iughter of George Aclverly, a promi- 
nent resident of Sidney, became the wife of our 
subject November 1.5, 1887, and to them been 
born one daughter, Mai-garet Ackerlj. Mr. and 
Mrs. Cummins are very pleasant, intelligent peo- 
ple, whom it IS a pleasure to meet, and they are 
very highly thought of liy people among whom 
they have made their home. Mr. Cummins seems 
to possess special talent for the work in which he 
is engaged, and success has indeed been with him. 

IIII.KMON 15. ALLF.X. It is doubtful if 
Slielby County contains a lietter example 
of that type of man. who in the AVest 
would be called a ■• lni>tler " than Mr. 
Allen, who is the owner and occupant of a tine 
farm in Dinsmore Township. As his father was a 
farmer in ordinary circumstances, he had no special 
advantages, but, on the contrary, began his life's 
work with only a limited education, but an abun- 
dant store of enterprise and determination. His 
farm is one of the best in the county, every rod of 
it being made useful or ornamental and display- 
ing the hand of a master in it5 appearance of fer- 
tility and the improvements that it bears. The 
residence is a comfortable one. is well furnislied. 
and makes- an appropriate shelter for the interest- 
ing and hap[)y family circle. 

(.)ur subject is .i native of this State, having 
been burn in Kairtield Counly, February 27, 1826. 
and i~ a -<,in of Sila- 1). AUen. who was born May 
22. 1801. ill \'ermoiit. (irandfather AVhiting 
Allen was born April Iri. 1779. in Connecticut, 
and for eighteen montlis served a- a soldier in the 
War of 1812. On emigrating to Ohio in 18"2. he 
located in Fairtield Cciuuty.-»where he w.a.> one of 
the earliest pioneers. He there redeemed from its 
native wildness a quarter-section of land, which he 
subsequently sold, and removed to Delaware, this 

State, where he died at a ripe old age. He was the 
father of a large family of five sons and three 
daughter, to whom he gave as good educations 
.as the times and his circumstances would permit. 

On the paternalside, the ancestors of oursubject 
were residents of Vermont, where they were well 
known and well-to-do. His father was the eldest 
of the family, and when starting out in life for 
himself, the manufacture of spinning wlieels 
and afterward learned the cari>enter's trade. In 
18:52. he came to this county and purchased four 
hundred acres of Government land in Dinsmore 
Township, for which he paid * 1.2.5 per acre. The 
country at that time in its original condition, 
and }ilr. Allen erected a log cabin in the woods on 
section 25. The Indians were still in the locality, 
but did not remain long after the section came to 
be inhabited. The forests were so dense in some 
places that a man could not be seen at a distance 
of three rods, but these goodly forests in their 
primeval beauty drew the pioneer as the magnet 
does the needle. No other consideration ever bore 
such weight as the thought of the generous shel- 
ter which these islands of shade and cool streams 
gave — about the only comfort the earlv settlers 
found in their new home; all others were sur- 
roundings of discomfort. The absence of schools 
and markets, the cramped cabitis, sickness, se- 
vere storms, depredations of wild be.asts, fires, 
snakes, poorly paid toil and the uncertaintv 
of the future, all gave way to the supporting 
shelter of the grove and timber. Mr. Allen, like 
other pioneei-s, was engaged in subduing nature, 
clearing land, breaking prairie, etc, but with all 
this labor was social and happy, having a care for 
the morals and education of his growing f.amilv. 
He was a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Cliurch. and wx- well calculated to aid in the 
huildiiis: u|i of a new country, being energetic, 
affable and kind-hcaited. Ik- departed this life 
.Tune in. 1^.5(1. 

(_)ur subject's ninlher. pri(.ir to her marriage, was 
Klizabeth (ioiige, a native of N'irginia. from wliich 
State her parents emigrated to Fairfield Countv 
in an early day. At her ileath. which occurred in 
l.H2'.». she left two children, the elder of whom is 
our subject. The daughter married W. H. Ed- 



wards and makes her home in Putnam County, 
Ohio. The f.ither of our subject cliose for his 
second wife Miss Pha>bc Fridley, also a native of 
Virginia, by wlioni he became the father of five 
cliildren, three of whom are still living. Mrs. 
Allen died in 18til in this township. 

He of whom we write a lad of six jears 
when he accompanied his parents on their removal 
to this county, and well remembers the long jour- 
ney through the woods to their new home. There 
were no schools in the locality of his home for ten 
years after coming here, and even after their es- 
tablislimeut they were furnislied in a most primi- 
tive manner, with puncheon Boor, slab seats, etc. 

When establishing a home for himself in the fall 
of 1847, Mr. Allen was married to Lydia A., the 
daughter of .James H. Coleman, a native of Ken- 
tucky. The young couple took up their abode on 
a tract of wild land which our subject had pur- 
chased from his father, and on which only one 
tree had been cut. He erected a log house, in 
which he lived for some time, and began clearing 
the est^ate whicli is his plac-e of residence to-day. 

A few years after starting out on his own re- 
sponsibilitj-, Mr. Allen procured a yoke of oxen 
and did teaming for about five years, after which 
he worked at the carpenter's trade for some time 
in his neighborhood. He has recently erected on 
his place a barn 34x70 feet in dimensions and eigh- 
teen feet high. This was built entirely in accordance 
with an original idea of his own, and in its con- 
struction he did not use a chisel or a stick of tim- 
ber thicker than 2x8, j'et it is considered strong 
and substantial in every particular. In his earlier 
years he did some contr.acting and built two miles 
of pike. His first house, which he constructed 
himself, cost him just seventy-five cents, but the 
comfortable structure in which he now makes his 
home is among the best in the township. 

The father of Mrs. Allen came from Kentucky 
with his father, Philip Coleman, who in turn was 
a son of Henry Coleman, a native of Montgomery 
County. Pa., and a hatter by trade. Her mother's 
maiden name was Susann.ah Snider, .and the mar- 
riage of her parents occurred February 20. 1817. 
They were the parents of ten children, six of whom 
are living; the mother died .January 1, 1841. 

The lady whom Mr. Coleman chose as his second 
wife, March 5, 1841, was Mrs. Mary A. Summers. 
The father, who was one of the early settlers of 
.Shelby County, died in Logan County, .January 
10, 1882. Mrs. Allen has a workbasket in her 
possession which her mother purchased of the 
Indians in this locality, and which she prizes verj" 
highly. She also has some garments that her 
mother, with her assistance, spun and wove many 
years ago, when tlie pioneei-s were accustomed to 
make by hand all their own wearing apparel as 
well as carpets. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Allen have been born ten chil- 
dren, namely: Elizabeth, Susan, Mary, Hannah C, 
Silas D., Eliza, (dece.Tsed), Lydia A., George P., 
Ella C. and James C. All those living are mar- 
ried and established in good homes of their own. 
Although reared a Whig in politics, our subject, 
since 18.56, has voted with the Democratic part}- 
and has been the incumbent of the various local 
positions of trust and honor. With his wife, he is 
a consistent member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, with which denomination he has been 
connected for a half century. At one time he 
owned four hundred and twenty acres of land, 
but since dividing his estate among his children, 
now has only two hundred and forty acres, which 
are pleas.antly located on sections 2.5 and 26, and 
whicli he has developed from the wilderness by his 
own hands. Not only has he been a witness of 
almost the entire growth of this section of the 
.State, but he has also contributed his quota to its 
upbuilding, and his portrait presented in this con- 
nection is therefore a valuable addition to the 


(*^S)HOMAS B. M( CORJIICK. When mention 
l( (^% is made of the prominent farmers of .Shelby 
^^^f/ County, the ni-SIhe of this successful agricul- 
turist of Jackson Township should be included. 
For several generations the family of whicli he is 
a member has been represented in the Buckeye 



State, and has contributed to its progress and the 
development of its material resources. His pater- 
nal grandfather owned a section of land where the 
city of Hamilton now stands, and afterward pur- 
cliased two sections in Greene County, this State. 
With the assistance of his two sons, lie hiiilt the 
Kniseley Mills in Mad River Township, and also 
devoted considerable attention to general farming 
pursuits. During the Revolutionary War, lie 
fought for the independence of tlie Colonies .and 
was present al the surrender of Cornwallis at 

The father of our subject. James McCorinick. 
possessed the family characteristics of enterprise 
.and patriotism. He was born in PennsN-lvania in 
ITltO, and in early manhood served his country in 
tlie War of 1812. After coming to Greene County, 
Ohio, he was married to Klizabetli .'^hearer, who, 
like himself, was a native of the Keystone State, 
and wa-s born in 1802. In 18;31. he removed from 
(u-eene to Slielb\- County, and settled in the south 
part of Jackson Township, of which lie and his 
family were the first white settlers. Frcim that 
day to this, the McCormiek family has been promi- 
nent in the public affairs of tlie township, and is 
probably better known than any other family 

During the early days of his settlement in .lack- 
son Township, James McCormiek endured the 
hardships of pioneer life, and was surrounded by 
Indians and wild animals. He was not permitted 
to enjoy the fruitsof hi.- laliors. for he was removed 
liy death in 1842. when still in life's prime. His 
wife survived until isii4. They were members of 
the Reformed Church. Politically, he was a Dem- 
ocrat, and served as the first Townsliip Trustee, as 
well as one of the first (Jverseers of the Poor. 
Their family nuniliered eleven children, three of 
whom are now living. Three sons served in the 
Civil War. one of whom. Francis M., was a soldier 
in Company K, Fifty-seventh (_)hio Infantry, and 
died in the .Marine Hospital at .st. Louis. M.i.. 
in 1862. 

The subject of this sketcli born at tlie old 
homestead in Jackson Townsliip. January 24. 1839. 
and grew to manhood amid tlie pioneer scenes of 
the county. In 1861, he enlisted in Company K, j 

Fifty-seventh Ohio Infantry, at the organization 
of the regiment in Columbus, Ohio. He was Sec- 
ond Sergeant of his company and acted in the ca- 
pacity of Orderly .Sergeant during all the time of 
his service. Witli his regiment he marched to Pa- 
ducah, Ky.. and from there to Pittsburgh Landing, 
where he participated in an engagement with tlie 
enemy. At Corinth. Miss., he became ill with king 
fever and later with broncliitis. from which lie 
suffered severely. After a service of seventeen 
months, he was honorably discliarged at Colum- 
bus, Ohio. 

The marriage of our suliject, November 2. 1863, 
united him with Elizabeth Ilawver, who was born 
in Miami County. Ohio, January 2.5, 1839. Mrs. 
McCoimick is the daughterof Daniel and Elizabeth 
(Brown) Ilawver, natives of Maryland, and born 
respectively in 1791 and 1797. After their mar- 
riage, which occurred in ^laiyland in 1816, Mr. 
and JIi-s. Hawver resided in their native State until 
1837, when they removed to Miami County, and 
there the former died. In 185.5, Mrs. Hawver re- 
moved to Shelby County and bought a farm in 
Jackson Township, where she resided until death. 
.She and her husband were faithful members of tlie 
Lutheran Church, and politically, he was a Dem- 
ocrat. They were the parents of tliirteen children, 
seven of wliom are still living. 

For one year following his marriage, Mr. Mc- 
Coniiick resided on a farm south of Jackson Centre, 
whence he moved to .Salem Township and made 
his home on a rented farm for eight years. He 
then removed to his present estate, which com- 
prises one hundred and fifty acres of land and is 
ciJiisidered one of the most finely-improved farms 
in the community. Mr. McCormiek and his es- 
timable wife have no children of their own, but 
adopted a child. Edgar, when he was two years 
old and gave him every educational advantage 
within their power, as well .as the care and love 
which they would have bestowed upon a child of 
their own^ Edgar is a graduate of the Ohio Medi- 
cal College and is now an active practitioner at 
Kossuth, tliis State. 

Besides being a successful farmer. Mr. McCor- 
miek is an enterprising citizen, and is always anx- 
ious to promote any project that will advance the 



interests of the community. He has served as a 
member of the School Bo.ard, and has been Trustee 
and Treasurer of Jackson Township for the past 
ten years. For twenty years he has been identified 
with the Reformed Church, in whicli he has filled 
oflicial positions. His wife is also active in the 
good works of the Reformed Church, of which she 
has been a member since she was eighteen years 
of aare. 

-ALTER S. ROEBUCK, of the firm of Koe- 
f' buck it Brand, editors and proprietors of 
^^^^' the Logan County Index, was born in 
Bellefontaine, July 31, 1848, and is a son of Jo- 
seph and Arpatia M. (Shepherd) Roebuck, natives 
respectively of Ohio and Virginia. The elder ^Ir. 
Roebuck came to Bellefontaine at an early day, at 
a time when the Indians inhabited the country, 
and carried on his business of a tailor in this place 
until his decease, which occurred in 1877. His 
widow, who still survives, has attained the ad- 
vanced ,age of eighty-one years. 

Our subject was the second in order of birth in 
the parental family of three sons, and received 
his education in the public schools of his native 
place. When fourteen years of age, in the 
midst of his studies, he enlisted in Company L, 
Second Ohio Heavy Artillery, and served his 
country until the close of the war, being one of 
the youngest soldiers from Logan County. 

After the close of hostilities, our subject returned 
to this city and engaged at work in tlie iirinting- 
office of the RfpubUran, and served liis full ap- 
prenticeship in that art. He then worked at the 
printer's trade in different cities for several 
years, and in 187.5, going to W.ashinglon, D. C, 
was employed in the Government printing-ottice 
for five years. At the expiration of that time, he 
again returned to this place, and in 187!) pur- 
chised a half interest in his present office, which 
was then owned by J. H. Bowman. They contin- 
ued together until August. 188'), when the firm 

name was changed to Roebuck <fe Brand, the latter 
gentleman having purchased the interest of Mr. 
Bowman. The Index continued nnder its 
present management very successfully and has a 
ver^- largo circulation. The office is well equipped 
with all modern machinery, having a Cottrell 
press. The paiier, which is an eight-page folio, 
is a spicy and newsy sheet, containing all the cur- 
rent and local news. 

The lady to whom Mr. Roebuck was married in 
1873 was Miss Mattie M. Gulp, of Springfield, 
tills .State. To them have been granted a family 
of four .sons and one daughter, namely: Lee J., 
Charles W., Florence N., Edwin C, and Carl JI. 
Mrs. Roebuck is a devoted and conscientious mem- 
ber of the Jlethodist Churcli, and her 
husb.and, in social affairs, is a prominent jNIason, 
Knight of Pythias. Odd Fellow and Grand Army 
man. He also lielongs to several insurance orders, 
and District Deputy of the IndependentOrder 
of Odd Fellows for two terms, and served as a 
representative of that body for a like period. He 
is greatly interested in secret societies and is an 
active worker in the same. He has been elected 
to the position of Alderman of Bellefontaine and 
is heartily in favor of whatever scheme is ad- 
vanced to promote the interests of his county. 

(f^\ corporated as a stock company on the 5th 
\^/' of December. 1869, by the citizens of the 
city subscribing to a stock, as follows: A. J. Robert- 
son. Jason JlcVay, S. A. Leckey, Robert Given, 
John H. Mathers, George Vogle, L. C. Barkall, 
William P. Metcalf, James Johnson, H. C. Morhing, 
.S. G. McCullough, L. E. Mathers, Hugh Thompson, 
A. L. Marshall, N. R. Wyman, E. 31. Green, H. 
Guthrie. 0. O. jMathers, J. W. P.ampell, II. H. 
Spr.ague, James McKercher, Joseph (i. Irwin, H. S. 
Conkli;i,Zinn & Hoover, Jonathan Counts, Turner 
k Bro., William McCullough, R. K. Lytic, James 



A. Wells, R. MuCaslin, D. L. A- George S. Bush, 

B. F. Carey, John Bailej-, B. W. Maxwell, Al- 
exander Green, James Caldwell, James Murray, 
and James R. Kendall, each of whom paid $28.50. 

Benjamin W. Good paid ¥.30.50; J. S. Crosier 
S29.00; A. B. Coles. *30.00; H. Wilson, ¥.'51.30; 
W^illiani U. Lucans, $7.50; William II. Khodehamel, 
§17.22; A. Clanson, 810.25; H. A. Kliodehamel, 
¥14.00; James M. Fletcher,$5.00; Josepli :\IcGon.agb. 
§11.00; II. G. .'^teeley, §5.00; Alexander Ramsey. 
*I5.00; Clay K. Joslin, ¥17.50; M. C. Hale, ¥5.0(1; 
J. S. Conklin, $10.00; J. A. Henry, $8.50; Ed .Smith, 
$20.00; Benjamin Shisser. $2.50; William C. Wy- 
nian, $21.00; Dr. A. AVilsou, $14.00; II. Rauth, 
$16.50; John (i. .Stephenson, $10.00; John A. Cum- 
mins, $25.00; N.R.Burress, $14.00; A. J. Rebstook, 
$14.00; R. M.Trego, $7.40; Binkley,$5.00; 
H. C. Kolierts. $2.50; J. 15. Walker, $2.50; C. E. 
Fielding. $2.50, and R. 15. Thorn, $10.00. AVhole 
amount paid in. $1,506. 27. 

This was run .is a stock company until October, 
1876, when it was turned over to the ^Monumental 
Library Association in the Monumental Building, 
and remained in a dormant state until 1885, when 
it was under the Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tion. In 1886, William C. W^-man was appointed 
Librarian b^- the Town Council and after .Septem- 
ber 1 it was to be open every day, Sunday ex- 
cepted, from 8.30 A. M. until 'J V. M. Mr. Wy- 
man has held this position ever since, with the 
exception of one year, and there are an average of 
two hundred and tifty books out per day. There 
is al-so a depository of United .States public docu- 

— 1-^#^--— ^ 

W. SIDKSINGER. Agriculture and stock- 
raising have formed the principal occupa- 
f — \ tion of this gentleman, and the wide-awake 
manner in wliich he has taken advantage of all 
methods and ideas tending to enhancing the value 
of his property h:is had a sreat di-al to do with 
obtaining the compi-tciici.- which he now enjoys. 

His fine farm lies five miles northeast of West 
Liberty, on the West Liberty and Zanesfield Pike, 
in Monroe Township, Logan County, Ohio, and is 
a very pleasant and attractive sjwt. 

Mr. Sidesinger born in Whitestown. Adams 
County, Pa., February 4, 1822, and is a son of 
Leonard Sidesinger, who was born in the same 
count}- and State, June 6, 1787, and was reared on 
the same f.irm. tirandfather Sidesinger was a na- 
tive of Germany and a bell-maker by trade. Our 
subject's mother, whose maiden name was Marv A. 
McElwee, was born in Cumberland County, Pa., 
M.ay 18, 1794, and was of Irisli parent.age. Tlie 
parents of our subject were married in their native 
State and there the mother died in 1824. After- 
ward the father married ^Ii>s Ivancy I.. Cook, a 
native of York County, Pa., and later moved to 
Miami County, Ohio, thence to Champaign County 
of that .State and finall}* to Logan County, where 
his death occurred December 21, 1869. In politics, 
he was first a Whig .and later a Republican. To 
his first marriage were born five children, two 
daughters and three sons, all of whom re.aclied 
mature years. The}' were as follows: Sarah (de- 
ceased); Barbara A. resides with our subject; 
.Samuel (deceased); Leonard W., our subject, and 
James J., in Adams County. Pa. To the second 
marriage were born six children, two daughters 
and four sons, viz.: .lohii. of Jlonroe Township, 
this county; llanict (decetised). Rebecca (de- 
ceased); Hiram, of Illinois; William A. (deceased), 
and Gordon (deceased). Mi's. Sidesinger. the mo- 
ther of the last-named children, was born Feljru- 
ary 11. 1805, and died December 28. 1838. 

The original of this notice, the fourth child and 
second son. twelve yeare of age when he 
moved from Pennsylvania to Miami County, Ohio, 
and his early cducatiou was received in the log 
schoolhouses of his native .State. He assisted his 
fatlier on the farm until about 1850, when he and 
his brother Samuel engaged in tilling the soil on 
rented laud, and continued togetiier for about two 
years. Then our subject branched out for himself 
and married August 29. 1863, in Jlouroe 
Township. Logan County, Oliio. to ]Miss Mary A. 
Foust, a daughter of Ili-nry and ,M:irgaret (Yohu) 
Foust, and a native of .Sunuuit Couul\'. Ohio, born 



January 23, 1836. Her parents were both natives 
of ^'orthalnpton Count.y, Pa., wbere they were 
married and there they resided until 1831. when 
thev came to Summit Count}-, Ohio. Later, (ir 
about 1838, they moved to Logan County, where 
the father died in 18711 :ind the mother when in 
her seventy-ninth year. Thev were the parents of 
thirteen children, all of whom grew to mature 
years and all are living at the present time except 

Our subject located on tlie farm where he now 
lives soon after marriage and is the owner of one 
hundred and sixt\'-three acres where he resides 
and thirty-five acres in Jetferson Township, lie is 
a prominent farmer and stock-raiser .and one of the 
substantial men of his section. He was formerly n 
Whig in politics, afterward a Republican, and has 
been Township Trustee for seventeen years. He 
was also Supervisor of Roads. lie has erected all 
the buildings on his farm and is progressive and 

W[ OHN A. RUSSELL. But few of the farmers 
I of Shelby County have met with more sub- 
j stantial success in their calling than Mr. 

"■^^i; Russell, whose push, determination and 
practical ability have placed him among the fore- 
most agriculturists of Clinton Township. He has 
valuable landed interests on section 22, and his 
farm, with its broad, well-tilled fields and fine im- 
provements, is classed among the most productive 
in this locality. It is also embellished witli excel- 
lent buildings, not the le.ast among which is the 
comfortable residence, which alone prficlaims its 
proprietor to be a man of taste aud mean-^. 

.Joshua Russell, the father of our sulijeet. was 
born in Augusta County. \'a.. in 1808. He was a 
boy when his parents removed to Greene County, 
this State, and there grew to manhood, and in 
183.5 was married to Miss Jane McClure, who was 
also a native of Virginia, having been born in a 
county adjuining that of her husband in I8U5. 

Soon after their marriage, Mr. and Mi-s. Russell 
came to Shelby Count}-, and made location in the 
northern portion of Clinton Township, where thev 
resided until their de.ith. the mother p.assingawav- 
February 22, 1874. and the father dying July 7, 
1884. They were both members of the Presbyter- 
ian Church, and had born to them a family of nine 
children, of whom the eldest died in infancy. 
William A. is at present residing in Turtle Creek 
Township; Moses J. is a farmer in Clinton Town- 
slii|i: Cyrus J. died in the army, being a member 
of Company H, Ninety-ninth Ohio Infantrj-; John 
A. was the fifth in order of birth; Mary J. married 
Adam Russell; Margaret E. departed this life In 
the fall of 1888; jMartha K. is the wife of William 
Russell, of Clinton Townshi]), and our subject. 

John A. Russell boru in Clinton Township. 
Shelby County. July 4, 1842. and received a prac- 
tical education in the common schools, and was 
trained by his worthy parent* to farm pursuits. 
He resided at homo until his marriage, September 
22, 1873, at which time Miss Mary B. Hohn, who born in Turtle Creek Township, this county, 
January ,3, 1855, became his wife. Mrs. Russell 
was the daughter of Lewis and Mary (Strouse) 
Hohn, the former of whom was born in JNIontgom- 
ery County, this State, in 1826, and the latter w.-is 
born in Reading. Pa., in 1828. Mr. and Mrs. Hohn 
were united in marriage in Dayton, and soon after 
located in Jlontgomery County, where thev re- 
sided until 1854. the date of their coming to Tur- 
tle Creek Township. They later took up their 
abode in Clinton Township, where they m.ake their 
home at the present time. The children com- 
prised in their family bear the respective names 
of Mary B., William E., Frank L.. Melinda R. and 
M. A. King. Adaui D. is deceased, and also Sarah 
L.. who died in infancy. 

Siicm after his marriage, Mr. Russell of this 
sketch located in Clinton Township, where he has 
since resided. His estate, which comprises eighty 
acres, as mentioned in our opening paragraph, is 
one of the finest in the township, and is so culti- 
vated .as to bring its owner a handsome income. 
Our subject and his wife are the parents of two 
children. Jennie M. and Martha E. 

He of whom we write is a stanch Republican in 



politics, but could not in any sense be termed an 
office-seeker, as he prefers to devote his time and 
attention to his private aCfairs. Witli his wife, he 
is a member of the Presbyterian Church, and 
their place in the community is a most enviable 
one, as they enjoy the confidence of a host of warm 
personal friends. 

DlTi^, ARVKY OrTHRlK. who ha< won a hiafli 
1 reputation as a wide-awake and progressive 
citizen of .*^helby County, occupies the re- 
'v^; sponsible position of .Superintendent of the 
Infirmary. Hi? honorable record as a man. as a 
citizen and in the business world, stanijK him as 
one upon wliom perfect reliance can be placed, 
wlio is trusted in all things, and who, as a citizen. 
is of value to any community. 

A native of Virginia, our subject born in 
Pulaski County, July 28. 1828. ami is a >on of 
James (t. and Elizaliclli (Deskins) (iuthrie. both 
natives of Virginia. They emigrated to this State 
and county in the fall of 182U, and after a residence 
here of two yeai-s. the fatlier purch-t-ed a farm in 
Washington Tuwn>liip. where they resided until 
their decease. 

The father of our subject was very prominent 
in his community, and his fellow-citizens, appreciat- 
ing the fact that lie was a man of great merit, 
worthy in every way ut tlieir consideration, fre- 
o|uently selected liini to fill some public position, 
and he held most of the township ottices. such ;i.> 
that of County Comun>.-ioner. Justice of tlie Peace 
and Associate Judge. Hi; death resulted from a 
ver\' serious fall in 1844. He and his family were 
highly esteemed in their community, being pleas- 
ant and intelligent people whom it was a pleasvu'e 
to meet. 

The original of this sketch was the eldest of the 
parental family of three sinis and four daughters. 
He spent the ^icali-i pMi l uf his early life in 

Washington Township, Shelby County, where he 
received a practical education and was trained to 
farm pursuits, which been his life occupation. 
He continued to make his home on the old farm 
in the above-named township until the fall of 1868, 
when he removed to Sidney, having been elected 
to the position of County Auditor. In March. 
188.5, he was appointed Superintendent of the 
.Shelby County Infirmary, which position he has 
since filled to the entire satisf.action of the com- 
munity. He is numbered among the most ardent 
sujiporters of the Democratic party and promoted 
it5 welfare in every possible w.ay, c.asting his ballot 
for its candidates and using his intkience in behalf 
of its principles. There are no measures proposed 
for the advancement of the interests of the com- 
munity and its citizens which fail to receive the 
hearty endoi-seinent of Mr. Guthrie, and in addi- 
tion to the ottices already mentioned, he was Jus- 
tice of the Pea';e in Washington Township for 
twelve yeai-s. and for two years held the honorable 
office of M.ayor of Sidney. 

The lady to whom our subject was married in Sep- 
tember. 18.')7. bore the name of Ella F. Mellinger. 
a daughter of the late William Mellinger. Her 
father, who was one of the early pioneers of this 
county, came hitiier as early .as 1807. and was well 
known and highly esteemed throughout the entire 
county. Mrs. Guthrie was Ijorn near Lcx'kington. 
this State, wlicre slie was reared to womanhood. 
P,y her marriage liave been born three children, 
viz.: James \V.. wIhi married Retta Plains; Marv 
A., and Cma. 

^Ir. (iuthrie is the itroprietorof a \aluable estate, 
comprising two hundred and ten .acres, which is 
well equipped with a fine set of buildings and all 
the m.achinery used by a progressive farmer. Pri(jr 
to entei-ing public life, he devoted his time and 
attention to farm pursuits, and by application to 
business, and fair and honest dealinors. won a com- 
fortable competence. He was elected to his pres- 
ent position in the winter of lSG8-09,and has under 
his charge about sixty inmates. His whole career 
shows him to be a man of honor, with an open 
heart and fair mind, just and generous in his deal- 
ings and incorruptible in money matters. His 
fellow-citizens fully ap[ireciateil tlie force of his 



ohaiacteristics, and knowing bis executive ability, 
did well when they elected hira to hi;* i-esponsible 

In social matters, our sulijecl is a member of the 
Masonic fraternity, and is also connected with the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows. lie was 
elected by his fellow-citizens as a member of the 
Constitutional Convention which met in Cincin- 
nati in 1873-74, for the purpose of revising the 
Oliio State Constitution. Mr. and JIi-s. (Juthrie 
are members of the Presbyterian Church and stand 
high in the estimation of their neighbors, who 
know them to be sincere, true-hearted people, 
helpful toward others who may be in need of as- 
sistance and always friendly in their relations with 
those about them. 

The paternal grandfather of our .subject, who 
bore the name of Richard Guthrie, was born in 
Slarylaud. The family is of Scotch-Irish ancestry, 
and down the entire line of descent liave always 
been prominenth- connected with the most leading 
interests of tlieir community'. The maternal 
grandfather of Mr. (juthrie was .Stephen Deskins, 
whom, it is thought, was born in Virginia, and 
probably of English origin. The wife of that 
gentleman was a Jliss Mcintosh, whose ancestor 
originated in Scotland. 


R. F. C. HUNTER. The well-known phy- 
sician whose name appears at tlie head of 
this sketch impresses even those who meet 
him ill a casual way as a man wlio luis 
drifted easily and naturally into the medical pro- 
fession, and who realizes that he made no mi,— 
t.ake in tlie choice of his vocation. Thi^ impres- 
sion is deepened on a more intimate acipiaiiitance, 
and the success which he achieved is the logi- 
cal sequence of talent rightly used. His advent into 
this world took place in Clarke County. Ohio. .Inly 
■1, 1846. His father was Dr. JI. R. Hunter, a native 
of Clarke Countv. Ohio, of which county his people 
were piouL-Kr=. He was graduated at the Cincin- 

nati Eclectic Medical Institute, and the most of his 
life has been spent as a medical practitioner of 
Catawba, Clarke County, Ohio, of which place he 
Is still an honored resident. He has attained con- 
siderable prominence in his profession, which repu- 
tation is the result of intelligence, energy and in- 
dustry never misapplied. 

Dr. F. C. Hunter is the only son of his parents, 
and in the county of his birth, and in the public 
.schools of the same, has received his education, giv- 
ing reasonably close attention to his studies there 
until he was eleven yeai-sof age, when he was sent 
to school at Springfield, afterward to Xenia, and 
still later to Yellow Springs, Ohio. In 18G.3, when 
Init seventeen years of age, he became fired with 
the spirit of patriotism, and offered his services tt 
his country, enlisting in Company H, Twentj-- 
fourth Iowa Regiment. His friends were very 
much opposed to his enlisting in the service, on ac- 
count of his youtli, and to gain his ends he ran 
away from home and went to Iowa, where he 
joined the Union forces unmolested. He served un- 
til the surrender of Lee's army at Appomattox, and 
although he was the youngest soldier of his regi- 
ment, he was none the less faithful and eflicient. 
He was with Gen. Banks on his Red River expedi- 
tion, and iu the engagement at Sabine Cross Roads 
he received a slight wound in the left leg by a gun 
shot. He honorably discharged at Davenport, 
Iowa, August 3, 180.5, after which he returned to 
his liome in Ohio, and later went to Springfield, 
where he worked in the Champion Machine Shops. 
His spare moments were devoted to the study of 
such medical books as he could obtain, and in 
1872 he w.os graduated from the Eclectic Medical 
College of Cincinnati. 

In the sjiring of the same year, our subject came 
to Wapakonota, and for two years was a faithful 
practitioner of this city. He next took up his 
abode in Fryburgli, Ohio, which place was the 
scene of his labors for seven subsequent 3-ears. In 
1881. he returned to Wapakoneta. and he has been 
a medical practitioner and a successful pharmacist 
of that city up to the present time. That he en- 
tered upon his work thoroughly equipped and 
fully prepared lo meet any professional demands 
that might be made upon him, is attested by the 

/fy-ZooA-a^ Cy. O^V>c<: 





fact that success lias attended his efforts from tlic 
start. In 18S4, his ability was recognized, and he 
was elected to the office of Comity Coroner, tlie 
duties of which he lias since continuously dis- 
charged, lie is tlie present County Physician and 
Infirmary Physician, having held the former office 
for al)out eight yeare. lie is a member of the An- 
cient Free and Accepted Jlasons, the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, and the Knights of Pythias 
fraternities, in all of which he i> an honored and 
prominent member. He wa^ married in 1873, to 
Miss Anna Ilerlist. l)y wliom he has four children; 
Charles M., Roy F.. Editli L. and Nellie .M. :Mrs. 
Hunter is a worthy membei' of the (iermaii Lutli- 
eran Church. 

Oiir subject's father. M. 1\. Hunter, was married 
to Nancy .Tanc Ooodlove. This iini<in resulted 
in the birth of twochihlren. luir >ulijei-t and I\Iarv. 
The motlier died in 18.J0. and the father in I8C1 
was married to Mrs. Sarah ^IcK'i.nikey. having three 
children by this union. JIary, Fred and .Sallie. 


'J^ H. L. >T1':TKR, .Instice of the Peace. Xo- 
K^rfe; tar\- Public, auctioneer and general col- 
.X> lector, of New Bremen, is one of the well- 

known and highly-esteemed citizens of Auglaize 
County. Like many otlier prominent men of Liliio, 
he was born in (■erniany. at Hanover, his natal 
(lay being April 20. \S.)'J. 

(iarrett H. Nieter, the father of our subject, was 
a native of the same country as him^elf. and 
foreman of seven teams hauling goods from Berlin 
to Hanover. He followed that Inisiness until .Sep- 
tember. 1834. when heconcludeil to try his fortune 
in the States. He took pa>.-aL;i- at Bremen, and at 
the end of tliirteen weeks entcn-d the harbor of 
New Voik. From there he wmt by the L.-ike- to 
Toledo, and thence to New Bienien by ua^^on.... 
making that longdistance principally thiouL'-h the 
woods. At that tiiiie there were tliree log caliin.- 
in New Bremen. Mr. Nieter |)inclia.-ed forty acre^. 
and on that laud, three years later, liuilt a rude 

log cabin. Eighty acres more were pnrch.ased in 
Shelby County two years later, and 5Ir. Nieter be- 
gan working on the canal south of Troy, to earn a 
living for himself and family.* In 1842, while at- 
tempting to place some barrels in the loft in his 
cabin, he fell to the floor below and fractured his 
skull, living only about four hours after the acci- 
dent. He was forty-five years of .age and had al- 
w.ays lieen strong and hearty, never having taken 
any medicine. In his native country, he had mar- 
ried Miss Jlonie Giisky, a native of Hanover, 
Germany, who died in 18.50. Seven children were 
born to them. One died on the ocean, and four 
are now living. 

The original of this notice was the third in or- 
der of birth of these children and reared in 
New Bremen from the age of two rears. He at- 
tended the early siibscri[)tioii schools here, and his 
first teacher received §8 per month and boarded 
himself. The sehoolhouse was a rude log structure 
with slab seats and all the other lionie-made furni- 
ture of that day. and in that [jrimitive building 
he was instructed in the Three R's until fourteen 
years of age. The story of the life of this [lioneer 
is a record of successful contest with poverty and 
hardsliips. and the acquisition of a liandsome prop- 
erty liy means of honest industry. He left home 
when fifteen years of age to cai've out his own 
fortune, went to Dayton and for six months 
worked for ¥4 jier month in the .Montgomerv Ho- 
tel, returning home sick at the end i;>f that time. 
.Vfterward. he worked fora farmerfor a sliort time, 
receiving ¥8 per month for his services. 

In 1S48. Mr. Nieter began learning the cooper's 
trade and received -sl.j for the first year of his 
aiipreiiticeship. On the Ib'th of August. l.s|;i. he 
began working for Fred Speckman. who wa? then 
engaged in the cooper business, and remained witii 
him until 18.'il. when he was seized with the sjold 
fever. He determined to go to California, but be- 
fore he could arrange his financial atfair^, he was 
taken >irk with typhoid fever ami for two nioiiths 
his life hung by a threa.l. Lpon his recovery, he 
was oliligcd to aliandon liis plan of goin^r to Cal- 
ifornia and aci.'ordingly embnikeil in luisiiiejs al 
home. In 1S."j2. he |iurcha>ed the riK.j.ei- shop, 
including the loidence. v( Mr. Spcrkman for 



$1,300, and lie and that gentleman entered into 

partnership under the firm name of Speelvman tt 
IS'ieter. They manufauU^ed all kinds of barrels 
until 18(34. and met with flattering success. In 
April of the hust-nientioncd year, they started a 
small grocery store and saloon and eng.iged in 
auctioneering, being the only men in that locality 
who were firsl-cl.ass auctioneers. They also dealt 
in notes, etc. 

In 1876. Jlr. Speckman and his son Fred en- 
gaged in the dry-goods business, and in 1881 our 
subject became a partner, the firm name being 
Speckman. Son it Co. The firm also dealt in grain 
and pork and had a very flourishing business, 
owning four farms, three hundred acres, in part- 
nership, beside the saloon property in town. On 
the 26th of April, 1855, Mr. Nieter married Jliss 
Maria S. Hellbush, a native of German Township, 
Auglaize County, and of German paront.age, her 
parents coming from Hanover, Germany, to this 
country'. Eleven children have been born to 
Mr. and JMrs. Meter, those living being Anna, 
wife of Peter Erb, an agricultural implement 
dealer, of Cincinnati; William, a member of 
the firm of Speckman, GoU & Co.; Clara, in 
Springfield, Ohio; Vallerius, Ferdinand and Emma, 
who are at home. Four are deceased, the eldest 
being two j'ears of age. 

In politics, Mr. Nieter is a stalwart Democrat, 
and is an influential man in the ranks of his party. 
He has been the nominee of his party for Probate 
.Judge and also for Clerk of the Court, but 
not successful, on account of the Republican ma- 
jority in the county. He was elected Recorder 
before he was twenty-one years of age, served two 
years and was Mayor of the city for five years. 
He was elected Justice of the Pe.ace for German 
Township, and has discharged the duties incum- 
bent on that office for the past twenty-seven years. 
He was Clerk of tlie township for several years, 
Assessor of the same for three years. Treasurer for 
six years and Secretary of the New Bremen School 
Board for six years. He was appointed Notary 
Public in 1878, and has filled that position up to 
the present time. Since 1866, he has been Secre- 
tary of the Willow Grove Cen^etery Association, 
and has rtiireseuted the Teutonic Insurance Com- 

pany of Dayton. He has stock, one hundred and 
twent^'-five shares of §10 each, in the New Bremen 
Natural Gas Company and is also a member of the 
German Township Oil Company. He holds twenty 
shares in the Tri-County Fair Ai^sociation, and is 
one of the most progressive and substantial men 
of his .section. He and Jlrs. Nieter are active 
members of the Lutheran Church and he has been 
Treasurer for six years. He has been Adminis- 
trator a great many times. Guardian and Assignee, 

The attention of the reailcr is invited to the 
portraits of Mr. and Jlrs. Nieter, presented else- 
Tvhere in this volume. 


1^ AVID THOMAS, retired business man and 

jjj one of the representative citizens of Zanes- 
field, .Jefferson Township, Logan Count}', 
^ Ohio, was bom in Bit. Pleasant, .Jefferson 

County, (^hio. on the .3d of April, 1813. His 
father, .Jesse Tliomas, was born in North Carolina, 
and was there reared to mature years and married. 
At a very early date, he came to Ohio, in 1802, 
and locatcil in the village of Mt. Pleasant, 
Jefferson County, where he followed the saddler 
and harness-m.aker's trade for a number of years, 
and resided there until his death, in 1817. His 
father was Jesse Thomas, Sr., whose family orig- 
inated in Wales. The mother of our subject, 
whose maiden name was A. .'^tanton. was a na- 
tive of North Carolina, where she reared, 
but her death occurred in the Buckeye State. Mr. 
and J[rs. Thomas became the parents of nine chil- 
dren, six sons and three daughters, all of whom 
grew up except one. Only one beside our subject 
is now living, Ann Eliza, the widow of Joseph 
Robb, who is now living with our subject. 

David Thomas was the seventh in order of birth 
and the fourth son of the above-mentioned chil- 
dren. He was i-eared to manhood in his native 
t(jw[i and received his schol.astic advantages in the 
subscriiition schools of Mt. Pleasant, and in the 


district schools of Jefferson County. He remained 
under the parental roof and assisted his father on 
the farm, the same adjoining the village of Mt. 
Pleasant, until 1848. when he came to Logan 
County. After reaching this countv, he made his 
home for many years with his brother .Jonathan, 
who was engaged in general farming in .Jefferson 
Townshi]). He has met with the best of success, 
and being an exceilcnt manager and of superior 
business acumen, is considered one of the promi- 
nent moneyed men of the county, loaning large 
and small sums. 

Jlr. Thomas has made what he has liy his own 
industry, has ever been enterprising and progres- 
sive, and is one of the most influential citizens of 
his vicinity. To all enterprises of a laudable na- 
ture, he gives his hearty support, contributes lib- 
erally to churches, school?, etc., and is in every 
respect a most honorable and upright citizen. 
Altliough well along in ^-ears, he still cnjo^-s good 
health, and is as active and vigorous as most men 
of fifty. His parents were (Quakers in their relig- 
ious views, and our subject has imbibed the same 
ideas. He votes with the Republican party, and 
his first Presidential vote was for William Henry 
Harrison in 1 8 40. but he is not an enthusiast in poli- 
tics. He enjoys single blessedness and his only 
living sister is livinij with him. 


W'OHX H. TnniEKMI-:iSTER. This name 
will be at once recognized .as that of a lead- 
ing business man of Auglaize County, who 
^^/' is probably brttc>i- kiKiwn tiian any other 
merchant within it> Ixiunds. Tlic i1ry-!_"Mids estab- 
lishment over whicli he presides is the largest in 
the ciiunty. an<l is WfU titted and supplieil with a 
complete line of carefully chosen goods, whicli are 
unsurpassed in (juality and reasonalile in price. 
Mr. Timmermeister is one of tliose men whose 
energy and talents allow them tomigage in vari<ius 
branches of business witli success, and hi- is actin^r 

at the present time as President of the Wapako- 
ueta Wheel Factory, which establishment is in an 
exceptionally prosperoui'condition. 

William and Margaret Tinimermeibter, the par- 
ents of our subject, were natives of Germany, 
where also our subject born, in 18.31, in the 
Province of Hanover, He was reared and edu- 
cated in the Fatherland, where he received an ex- 
cellent education in the model schools, and when 
starting out in life for himself learned tlie tinner's 

Having heard much of the opportunities af- 
forded 3'oung men in the Xew AVorld, oursubject, 
in 1850, determined to come hither, and being 
landed in New York City, secured employment at 
his trade, where he remained for the succeeding 
five years. In the spring of IS.'i.'i. he came to W.a- 
pakonela. locating here .July 1.5. and engaged .as 
clerk for 0. T. Dieker. remaining with him until 
the spring of 18.59, when he engaged in business 
on his own account, opening a general store, 
which soon merged into his present business, 
and. as before stated, he is now the proprietor of 
the largest dry -goods house in Auglaize Countv. 

In 188.5. Mr. Timmermeister erected his large 
brick block, which is one of the finest buildings in 
the city, and tlie second floor of which is used as 
an opera On the organization of the Wa- 
pakoneta Wheel F.aetory. he was made its Presi- 
dent, which position he is .acceptably filling at the 
present time. In addition to the numerous inter- 
ests just mentioned, he is a Director in the First 
Isational Bank, holding a like position in the Nat- 
ural Gas Company, and is ■\'ice-president and a 
Director in the .-Vrtificial Gas Companv. 

The subject of this sketch is a very liberal-minded 
man. supporting all worthy enterprises, amonir 
them the J'>vangelical Lutheran Cliurch. He deals 
fairly with everyone, lives a life of the strictest 
integrity, and has gained not only the respect, 
but the highest esteem, of a wide circle i.>f .acquaint- 
ances. His remarkable success in woildlv atfairs 
had, no doubt, for its corner-stone the economical 
habits with wliicli he began life. Prudence, ju- 
dicious management and honesty, which he ever 
found to be the best policy, were the stones witli 
which the rii-h structure was completed. His life 



aflfords a lesson which younger men may well 
study with advantage. Mr. Timmermeister is no 
longer engaged in the active management of the 
large business his energy and ability esUiblished, 
the direct management now devolving upon liis 
son.C. W. Timmermeister. and Ins son-in-law, W. 
S. Rogers. 

Tlie wife of .^Ir. Tiinniermeister bi>re the maiden 
name of Caroline ^lachetantz. and was l>orn in 
Facka in 1837. She is a daughter of Christian 
and Elise Machetantz. and by her union with our 
subject has become the mother of six children, two 
sons and four daughters; the eldest sou. Christian 
■\V., is a stockholder in the dry-goods business, and 
is destined to follow m his worthy father's foot- 
steps and become one of the prominent business 
men of the county. In social matters, our subject 
is a member of the Royal Arcanum and the Evan- 
gelical Lutheran Church. 

■if'OHJs McEVOY, who is well and favorably 
known through his residence of forty j-ears 
in St. Mary's and vicinity, has been a wit- 
'isy ness of much of the growth of this city 
and has won a high place among its most trusted 
business men for honor and strict probity in trade. 
He deals in groceries, provisions, chinaware, 
lime, cement, etc.. and occupies a neat, two-story 
frame building on Spring Street, and conducts a 
large and profitable business. He is also connected 
with the agricultural interests of Auglaize County, 
having improved a tine farm of one hundred and 
twenty acres. 

The subject of this biography was born in Sus- 
sex County. N. J.. April 22, 1832. His father.who 
bore the name of Peter McEvoy, was a native of 
County Lciuth. Ireland. He was a weaver by 
trade. He was first married, in England, lint his 
wife died young, leaving a son. He then came 
to America and married ilary Willits, a na- 
tive of Su^M■x Ci.iuity. X. .1.. l)ecoming lii.-- wife. 
lie lived in that .Mate ^everai \ears and carried on 

the trade of a weaver. In 1835, he came to Ohio 
and turned his attention to farming. He stopped 
in Newark, Licking County', for awhile, and then 
removed to the country on a farm. In 1843, he 
took up his residence in Franklin County and was 
engaged in that region at farming until he came 
to St. JNIary's in 18.52. Ho finally purchased a farm 
near the city and there spent the closing days of a 
long and honorable life, dying in 18(34, at the ven- 
er.aijle age of eighty-six years. Both he and his 
good wife were true Catholics in religion. She, 
too, lived to be eighty-six years old. They had 
three sons, of whom the eldest is deceased. 

John McEvoy. in order to obtain an education, 
followed a path through the woods in his boj'- 
hood days to a school taught on the subscrip- 
tion plan in an old log house. He often had 
to work a day to get wood to burn in the old- 
fashioned fireplace in the sch(Xilroom. He was 
only three years old when his parents sought a new 
home in Ohio, and he grew up amid pioneer scenes, 
the country roundabout his early home being 
new, with but few settlers, and a life of hardship 
and sacrifice was the common lot of pioneers. He 
had nearly" attained manhood when he came to .St. 
Mary's with the family. He found here only a 
small village, seated in the midst of wild environ- 
ments. He remained an inmate of the parental 
household until he was twenty-eight years old, 
giving his fatlier needed help in carrying on his 
farm. In 1860, he assumed the responsibilities of 
married life, taking unto himself a wife in the per- 
son of Miss Alice Ennis, who has been to him a 
cheerful helpmate and a devoted companion. She 
was born in Ireland, and after the death of her 
parents came to this country with a brother. 

After his marriage, Mr. McEvoy continued to 
engage in farming until 1866. when he removed to 
St. Mary's and burned lime on the canal a few years, 
operating two kilns, .and manufacturing a large 
amount of lime. In 1876, he entered the grocery 
business, and two years later purchased his present 
establishment just across from his first location on 
Spring Street. He carries a large and varied stock 
of the articles enumerated in the first part of this 
noliee. haviiii; everything of the liejt. and he 
comniand> tin extensive trade, nut onlv amoui; 



the city people, but he is well p.itronized by 
the country folks for miles .aiound. He is .an 
excellent liusiness man, tends closely to all the 
details in his operations, and is alive to all that 
will promote his financial interests. He is whole- 
souled and kind-hearted as a man, and is gener- 
ous and public-spirited as a citizen, who lias always 
sought to benefit the city of his adoption in every 
possible way. He been of inestimable service 
as an office-holder, serving as Justice of the Peace, 
as a member of the Council, etc. Politic^ly.ho is 
a Democrat, with sound views on party rjueslions. 
Both he and his wife have been very active in the 
upbuilding of the Catholic Church of St. Maiy's, 
of which the}' are devoted members, and he 
been Secretary and Treasurer of the society for 
several j'ears. 

\l^ UCHI T. RIXEHART. To this gentleman 
if J and his associates, Auglaize County is 
Ai^ largely indebted for the rapiii advance it 
(<?); li-is made in agriculture diu-ing the past 
half-eontiu'v. He is one of the foremost farmers 
of Union Township and occupies an important 
place in business circles. The homestead, which 
is pleasantly located on section 14. formeily in- 
cluded eight hundred and forty acres, but since 
^Ir. Rinehart has given each of his children a farm, 
he has only retained a quarter-section for his own 

The parents of our suljject. (TCOrgo ami Hannah 
(Sibert) Rinehart. were natives respectively of Taze- 
well and Botetourl Counties. Va.. and both died 
years ago. The father was a soldier in the War of 
lS\-2. occupying the position of Captain of his cvm- 
pany. Grandfather Rinehart killed by Indians 
during the Revolutionary "War. Oursubject, whois 
the only survivor of the parental family of ten 
children, was liorn October 23. 1813, in Tazewcli 
County, \-A.. and there reared on a farm. His 
mother dying when he was four years of age. his 
father was married a second time .ind he 

brought up by his stepmother until attaining his 
seventeenth year, when he left home and appren- 
ticed himself to learn the blacksmith's trade. 

The lady to whom our subject was married in 
1833 was .Juliana Godfrey, who also born in 
Tazewell County, Va.. November 1. 1813. Three 
years after their marriage, the young couple emi- 
grated to Oliio and located on what is now the 
present home of our subject, but which was then 
in a perfectly wild state. Mr. Rinehart erected a 
log cabin on his new farm, which comprised eightv 
acres, and by hard work and good management, 
cleared and improved the same. He has been a 
resident of this place for fifty-five years and all 
his children were born on the homestead with the 
exce[ition of two. Jlrs. Rinehart departed this 
life .June 13, 1881. She was the mother of eleven 
children, four of wliom are living, viz: Arnold P., 
John A., Sarah C. (Mrs. Graham), and Adam F. 

The original of this sketch been a member 
of the Methodist Ejiiscopal Church since sixteen 
years of .age, during which time he been Circuit 
Steward for thirty years. Recording Steward for 
twenty years and Class-leader for twelve vears. 
He has also been a member of the Grange for fif- 
teen yeai-s, and during that time served .as Master 
for five years and M.aster of the Subordinate 
Grange for three years. He received a fair educa- 
tion in his younger d.ays and taught school for 
some time. His interest in educational affairs has 
caused him to be pl.aced on the .School Board, and 
in the cap.acity of Director he made many re- 
forms in the school system in his district. He has 
ahv.ays voted the Democratic ticket, castina his 
first ballot in 1836. for President A'an Burcn. 

As the following will indicate, Mr. Rinehart has 
been very prominent and ijopular in local atfairs, 
serving his fellow-townsmen as Justice of the 
Peace for twelve years, and was the fir.--t Countv 
Commissioner in Auglaize County. He was also 
Chairman of the first County Board, and at the 
present time is the only survivor of that bod v. 
Mr. Rinehart been a candidate at two different 
times for the State Legislature, but on both occa- 
sions was defeated by a small majoritv. During 
the years IS.'JO and 1860. he a member of the 
State Board of Equalization and has been a Trus- 



tee, Clerk and Assessor of Union Township for 
man}- j'ears. He acted as Land Appraiser while 
this section was still a portion of Allen County, 
and appraised the four eastern townships iu Au- 
glaize County. 

John Rinehart, a son of our subject, w.os a soldier 
in the Civil War, joining Company D, Fifty-fourth 
Ohio Infantry. Our snliject has also held many 
military offices, and wliile residing in Virginia, 
was Lieutenant in the State Militia, and in this 
State has served as Captain of a company, and 
was later made Lieutenant and Colonel of the 
State militia. Among his lodge comrades and his 
business acquaintances, he is highly esteemed as a 
man of sterling worth, and knowing that he well 
deserves representation in this volume, it is with 
ple.asure that we present this sketch to our readers. 
For sixteen years he acted as Postmaster in this 
township, the postolfice being in his own house. 

^1? EWIS KRAMER. Were it necessary for 
I {?§) us to include in the sketch of Mr. Kramer 
JI--W any items pertaining to his skill and ability 
as a builder, perhaps tlie greatest compliment that 
could be paid him would be for us to point out 
those monuments of his handiwork which now 
gr.ace so many homesteads in Logan County. 

Mr. Kramer was born near Bellefontc, Centre 
County, Pa., on the 24th of .luly, 1818, and his 
father, Joseph Kramer, was also a native of tliat 
State, born in Lancaster County. The latter was 
a blacksmith by trade, following that trade all 
his life, lie came to Ohio at an early date, loca- 
ted in Madison County near Plain City, and there 
followed his trade. He became the owner of two 
good farms, but after retiring from business loca- 
ted in West Jefferson, that county, where his 
death occurred when eighty-two years of age. 
His wife, whose maiden name was Jlary Brown, 
was also born in Centre County, Pa., and received 
her tinal summons in Plain City, when fifty-five 
vears of age. Thirteen children were born to 

them, seven sons and six daughtei-s, ten of whom 
reached mature j'ears, but only one, it is thought, 
besides our subject, is now living. 

The eldest son and third child in the familj-, 
the original of this notice, was reared to manhood 
in his native State, and received a fair education 
in Centre ^'alley. When eighteen yeare of age, 
he began learning the carpenter's trade with Jacob 
Gist, at .Spring Mills, Centre Count}', Pa., remained 
with him four years, and then commenced to con- 
tract in Venango County, wliere he remained for 
thirteen years. He was married in Xovember, 
1839, to Miss Julia Ann Bradley, a native of Cen- 
tre County, Pa., and in IS.'jl he and his wife lo- 
cated in Huntsville, L(^gan County, Ohio, wliere 
he followed the carpenter's trade for three j'ears. 
From there, they went to Bellefontaine, where Mr. 
Cramer was engaged in the foundry business for 
four J'ears. He then sold out and came to Rush- 
sylvania in 18G0, and eng.aged in contracting and 
building, which he carried on verv successfully un- 
til 1878, when he built the Kramer .Sawmill, the 
first in the place, and operated this for fifteen 
jears. He was verj' successful as a carpenter and 
builder and was a verj' skillful and popular work- 
man. To his first marriage were boi'n twelve 
children, seven sons and five daughters, who 
were as follows: Marj' (deceased), Roljert (de- 
ceased), Joseph (deceased), Amanda (deceased); 
John, a resident of Rush Creek Township, this 
countv; James, of Bellefontaine; Samuel, of Find- 
laj'; Imilda. wife of L. Shaul, of Findlay; Martlia, 
wife of James Goodlove; Lewis, of Findlav, an 
architect and builder; Barbara, wife of William 
Sherman, of Bellefontaine, and Charley (de- 
ceased). The mother of these children passed 
aw.ay on the 29tli of November, 1891. .she was a 
Methodist Episcopal in her religious views. 

Mr. Kramer's second marriage was to Jlrs. Mary 
E. (PuUins) Parker, widow of John Parker, and a 
native of Illinois, born June 16, 1844. She was 
brought to Champaign County, 111., by her parents 
when two j'ears of age and there she grew to mature 
years. The following children were born to her 
marriage, viz.: Catherine (deceased); Charles, of 
Bellefontaine; Elmer, of Logan County; Mary, 
wife of I. Wickersham, of Logan County; Ella, 



wife of Justin Elliott, of Logan County; Elvin,of 
Bellefontaine; Addio, single, who resides with her 
sister Mary; Perry (deceased) and Ilarrie. at home. 
Mr. Kramer has retired from the active duties of 
life and has a comfortable home in this count\'. 
He owns two dwellings in Rushsylvania and still 
owns the sawmill operated by him in former yeai-s. 
In politics, he votes the Prohibition ticket and has 
ever been a stroua: temperance man. He was 
oi'iginalU- a Whig in politics, afterward a Republi- 
can, and in late years has voted the Prohibition 
ticket. He has held tlie othce of School Director 
and Trustee and has been a member of the Method- 
ist Episcopal Church since seventeen yeai-s of age. 
He is one of the Trustees of tlie same and a man 
highlv esteemed in the communitv. 

ILIJAM COUNTS. The farming interests 
'11 of Dinsnioro Township are well repre- 
sented b^' this gentleman, who is classed 
among the most progressive and wide-awake 
young agriculturists of Shelby County. He is a 
native of this State, having been born in Sidney, 
Octol)er 13, 1849, and is a son of the Hon. Jona- 
than Counts, who was born October 19. 1811. in 
Rockingham County. A'a. 

The great-grandfather of our subject one of 
three brothers who .emigrated to America from 
HoU.and m the Colonial days, one of them locat- 
ing in Maryland, one in Pennsylvania, while the 
great-grandfather settled in Virginia. The pa- 
tronymic was tlien spelled Kuontz. but has since 
been changed. The ancestor of our subject just 
mentioned lived to the advanced age of one hun- 
dred and fijur years, and was a large land-owner, 
the tobacco on bis plantation being cultivated by 
negro slaves. Three of his sons lived to be over 
ninet\' ^■eai's of age: one of them killed by 
the Indians in A'irginia in ITtJG. and the powder 
horn which was found on his person i^ now in 
the possession of our suliject. Counts, the grandfatlier of our subject, 

came to this State iu 1816, and, locating in Madi- 
son County, made his home there for three vears, 
when he came to Shelby County, and settled in 
Salem Township, being one of the first men to take 
up Government land in this section. The patent 
for his land was signed by President John Quiucy 
Adams, and is still among the treasures of the fam- 
ily. The country was then inhabited by Indians, 
who many times camped on a portion of his farm. 
Mr. Counts hauled the first load of goods from 
Cincinnati to Sidney, to which former place he 
conveyed his grain with a sis-hoi-se learn, receiv- 
ing thirty-three cents a bushel for wheat. He 
cleared and improved his farm, upon which he re- 
sided until his decease, which occurred in 1850. 

The grandfather of our subject was three times 
married, there being born of the first union 
four children, of the second sis, and of the 
third four. Jonathan Counts, the father of our 
subject, was the third child in order of birth of 
the first marriage of his father, and was never 
permitted to attend school more than two }-ears 
during his life, thus being self-made in all that the 
term implies. The maiden name of his mother 
W.IS Elizabeth Whitmyer; she a French ladv, 
and was finely educated. He was very studious in 
his habits, a close observer, and when reaching his 
majority leanied civil engineering and surveying. 
He entered land for other parties, surveyed it, and 
sent plats of the property along with the patent. 
The lady to whom Mr. Counts was married 
early in the '30s was Mrs. Annie C. (Travins) 
Worst, a native of Germany, who came to this 
country with her parents when fourteen years 
of age. After his marriage, he located in the city 
of Sidney, and while residing there elected 
County Surveyor, and served in that position for 
twelve years. He also Deputy County Clerk 
under C harles Wells, and w.os later elected County 
Clerk, serving a period of three terms, in the 
meantime acting as Probate Judge of the county. 
He was a man of pure character and lofty prin- 
ciple, who was ever an inlluence for good in his 

April i, 1862. the elder Mr. Counts, with his 
family, removed to the old homestead in Salem 
Township, where the father died September 2. 



1885. He was a Colonel of a company of militia, 
and in 1873 was elected to represent Shelby 
County in the State Legislature, serving for a 
term of two years, during which time he was 
placed on many important committees. Not- 
withstanding the disadvantages under which he 
labored in obtaining an education, the wide fund 
of information which he possesses is due to his 
own efforts. He displayed rare business cpialifica- 
tions in private afifaii's. and. as a great reader, so 
assimilated that which he read and observed, that 
he proved a most entertaining companion and fine 
conversationalist. At liis death, he left a fine 
library, which contained a varied collection of 
choice books. 

.Tonathan Counts was twice selected as Land 
Appraiser,, and surveyed the principal towns of 
this county and most of the pikes in Shelby Coun- 
ty, his first work in tliis line being on the canal. 
He also surveyed the Dayton Ar Michigan and the 
Big Four Railroads. He was also a successful busi- 
ness man, and at his decease left a comfortable for- 
tune, he being the owner of several hundred 
acres of land, and also property in Sidney. He 
affiliated with the Democratic party, in whose 
ranks he was an active and influential worker, 
having been delegate to the Democratic conven- 
tion which met at Cincinnati in 1860. His wife, 
who is still living, has attained her seventy-second 
vear. and is a devoted member of the Lutheran 

"William Counts of this sketch is the fourth 
child in the parental family of twelve children, 
six of whom are living. He attended the schools 
in Sidney from the age of five to twelve years, 
and supplemented the knowledge gained therein 
bv a course in a select school at Port Jetferson. 
He remained at linme until about twenty-five 
years of age. working on the public pikes for two 

Jlarch 11, 1877, he moved ti.i his farm on sec- 
tion 24, Dinsmore Township, which has since been 
his place of residence, and on March 1, of the 
same year, was married to Miss Anna Mowry, who 
was born in Sidney, and was the d.aughter of 
Daniel and Elizabeth (Davis) Mowry, the former 
born in Pennsvlvania in 1820, and the latter in 

Ohio in 1830. The father of Mrs. Counts accom- 
panied his parents to this State when thirteen 
years of age, they locating in JIcLean County. 
On attaining his eighteenth year, he learned the 
trade of a cabinet-maker, which he followed sev- 
eral years after coming to Sidney. Mr. Mowry 
later located on a farm two miles north of that 
village, where he lived until lus decease, Septem- 
ber 6, 1874. He made a specialty of breeding 
fine horses, and in this way did a great deal for 
the people of this section by introducing into the 
county a fine grade of those animals. He was 
actively interested in every measure which would 
upbuild his community, and was prominent and 
influential in local affairs. The mother, who was 
a devoted member of the Jlethodist Episcopal 
Church, reared a family of twelve children, and 
departed this life in 1882. 

To Mr. and 3Irs. Counts have been born one 
son, Edward Milton, who was born January 
13, 1880. Our subject is engaged in mixed farm- 
ing, cultivating one hundred and six acres of 
land on section 4, and, besides raising the cereals, 
breeds a fine grade of stock. He is a Democrat in 
politics, and conducts his affairs in a business-like 
manner, so that he enjoys the confidence of all 
with whom he deals, and is well thought of in his 
community. Mrs. Counts is a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. 

ii^^t ^ I ^ EC^^HI 

<^ IklLLIAM ESTEY. Of the men who are 
\/\'/i successfully prosecuting agricultural work 
^^i^' in Shelby County, it may well be said that 
their name is legion. One who is pleasantly lo- 
cated in .Salem Township is he whose name intro- 
duces this sketch and who operates seven hundred 
and sixty acres of good laud, raising all kinds of 
stock besides the crops which are best suited to this 
section of country. 

David K^stey, the father of our subject, was born 
July 31, 1702, in New Brunswick, where lie fol- 
lowed the calling of a farmer. His wife bore the 


^isatgais. au-ag ~- jy>;:^3s>js; 




name of Aun Kuoop and was born March 19, 1792, 
in Pennsylvania; she was a dausrliter of Michael 
Knoop, also a native of the Keystone State. The 
parents were married in New Brunswick in July, 
1813, and, on coming to Ohio in 1822, located on 
a wild farm in Lost Creek Township, Miami County, 
where they passed the remainder of their life, the 
mollier dying; in 1865 and the father in 1866. The 
elder Mr. Kstey was a consistent member of tlie 
Baptist Church, while his good wife cast in her lot 
with tlie Jlethodists. Tlie father a very 
wealth}- man, and in addition to carrying on a 
large farm operated a sawmill which brought him 
in a handsome income. lie was a man of keen 
business capacity and contributed liberally of his 
means to the prosperity of his adopted township. 
In earh' life, he a Whig, but joined the Repub- 
lican party on its organization, the interests of 
which he advanced in various w.ays. 

He of whom wc write was one in the parental 
family of eleven children, two of whom are de- 
ceased. He was born April 6. 1828, in Miami 
County, this State, and. like other farmer lads, at- 
tended school held in a log house with its primi- 
tive furnishings. He remained under the parentiil 
roof until reaching his majority, when he received 
of his father ¥200. He later sold out to his brother- 
in-law, H. G. DeWeese, of Miami County, and going 
to Indiana, remained there for a short time and 
then returned home in time to secure his wheat 

In September, 1850. William Estey and ^liss 
Eliz.abeth, daughter of Jesse and Catherine (De- 
Weese) Kerr were united in marriage. Her par- 
ents were residents of Jliami County, where her 
birth occurred. The year of his marriage. Mr. Es- 
tey removed to l(.iwa and located on a farm in 
iluscatine County, where his wife died. ,lune •'!. 
185-1, having become the mother of two chihUen. 
one of whom is living. .Sarah C, Jit's, .i. M. French. 
This daughter had previously been married to Syl- 
vester Wells, by which union were born live chil- 

After the death of his wife, our subject returned 
to Miami County, where, in February, 1855, he was 
married to Mrs. Catherine Hobbins, nee Byers. His 
third marriage occ\irred in 1863, at which time 

jNIiss Sarah Dixon, who was born in the above- 
named county August 1, 1826, became his wife. 
They became the parents of two children, both of ■ 
whom are deceased, as is also the wife and mothei' 
who died March 12, 1877. The present wife of Mr. 
Estey, to whom he was married April 7, 1878, bore 
the maiden name of Nancy X. B.aker. She is a sister 
of William JI. Baker, of Van Buren Township, this 
county, and the daughter of Moses E. and I.ucretia 
( Baker, the former of whom was born in 
1804, and the latter in 1806, in Butler County, this 
State. Mr. and JIi-s. Baker after their marriage 
moved to Cincinnati, and in 1835 came to Shelby 
County, and entered a quarter-section of land on 
the Hardin and Wapakoneta road, where thev were 
residing at the time of their death, which occurred 
in 1847 and 1885. respectively. Of their family of 
six children, five are living. Clarke.I., their son, who 
served in the Benton Cadets during the iate war, 
died in the hospital at St. Louis, Mo. Mrs. Baker a member of the Methodist Protestant Church, 
and her father, who a very prominent man in 
the township, served as Justice of the Pe.ace while 
residing in \'an Buren Township, and in politics 
was a DenK.icrat. Mrs. Estey w:\s born November 
20, 1836, in the above-named township, and at- 
tended the first school organized in lier district. She 
was first married to I'ranklin Ddl, and they had two 
sons. James X. and Franklin, both of whom reside 
in Shelliy County. Jlr. and Jlrs. Estey are the 
parents of one son. Clyde, who w.os born September 
7. 1880. 

Mr. Estey. in 1856. removed to Iowa and there 
made his home until 1863, when he took up his 
abode on two hundred acres of land in Dinsmore 
Town.-hip. this county. His wife is a member of 
the Methodist K|iiscopal Church and takes an active 
part in all the meetings of that body. Socially, 
our suliject is a member of the Independent Order 
of ()dd Fellows and is also connected with the 
Farmers' Alliance. He occupies a high pl.ace in 
local affairs and been Township Trustee of 
Dinsmore and Salem Townships, in which former 
place he was instrumental in organizing the Estey 
Grange, of which he was Overseer. He votes a 
straight Republican ticket in politics, and is one of 
the stauchest supjiorters of that party. His estate 



is thoroughly draiued by five thousand rods of 
tiling; the land is admirably tilled and adorned 
with a neat and substantial set of bnildinu^s for 
every needed purpose. 

On another page a view of the residence and 
rural surroundings will be noticed. 


<X\ &ILLIAM KRAPF. The industrial inler- 
\/\li/ '^^^^ '^^ Wapakoneta are ably represented 
^^' by our subject, who is the proprietor of a 
planing mill and is engaged in the manufacture of 
all kinds of doors, wintlow frames, and porches. 
A native of this State, he was born in Daj-ton, 
February 4, I80I, to Killian and Annie (Will) 
Krapf, natives of Germany. 

The parents of our subject, after emigrating to 
tliis country, were married in Little York, Pa., 
whence tliey came to Dayton, this State, and there 
the father prosecuted his trade of a cabinet-maker. 
He was a man of such integrity that his promise 
was as good as his bond, and his de.ath, which oc- 
curred in 1867, was keenly felt by the entire com- 
munity. The mother, who survived her husband 
many years, departed this life in 1886. They were 
the parents of three sons and two daughters. 

■William Krapf, of this sketch, has two sisters 
living, namely-; Callie (Mrs. Daniel B. High), and 
Katie, who resides in Dayton. Our subject re- 
ceived his education in the schools of Dayton, 
and when ready to start out in life on his own ac- 
count learned the trade of a caliinet-maker from 
his father. He remained thus employed in Day- 
ton until 1876, when, in January' of that year, he 
came to this city and for eleven years was engaged 
as foreman for Swink Bros. A' Co., furniture man- 
ufacturers. He was well qualified to fill that re- 
sponsible position, for prior to leaving Dayton he 
was for five years foreman of the large furniture 
establishment of Parrott Ac Gilbert. 

In October, 1891, Mr. Krapf leased his present 
large building and is engaged in carrying on a lu- 
crative business. He is truly a self-made man and 

has met with both friendship and financial success 
in his journey through life. There is nothing so 
well calculated to bring out all the energj- and am- 
bition a man possesses as the necessity in early life 
of making his own way. Our subject started at 
the bottom round of the ladder and has climbed 
upward without any other assistance than his 
courteous manners and good judgment. 

In 1873, the original of this sketch and Miss 
Josephine Arnold, of Wapakoneta, were united in 
marriagBjand they have become the parents of five 
sons and two daughters, viz; William, Roman, 
Glenora, Ethel, John, Fred and Joseph. Mr. 
Krapf is a prominent member of the Royal Ar- 
canum, and a consistent member of the Catholic 
Church. He is classed among the most infiuential 
citizens of this place, and is highly respected both 
here and throughout tlie surrounding country. 

Elsewhere in this volume will be found a view 
of Mr. Krapf 's planing mill. 

,ips^ QUIRE J. N. Dk VORE. Logan County is 
^^^^ conspicuous for itsm.agnificent farms, that 
vV^^i ^'^ faultless in the wa\' of management, 
"" ' and the order in which they are kept. 
Those in Zane Township are especially advantage- 
ous!}- located, the land being rolling and well 
watered, fertile and productive. Xo one is to be 
more complimented on the perfect method and 
order with which his agricultural affairs are con- 
ducted than he whose name is above. He is 
engaged in farming and stock-raising one-half 
mile northwest of West Middleburgh, where he has 
a good home, the house being commodious and 
attractive, and the barns and granaries capacious 
and well-filled. The fields are wide-siireading and 
productive. S(]uire De Yore was born in Cham- 
paign County, Ohio, on the 16th of October, 183o, 
and is a son of Moses and Rachel (Inskeep) De 
Yore, both natives of Ohio, the father born in 
Champaign, and the mother in Logan Countj-. 



Qui- subject's grandfatlier, .Tames DeVore, was 
boni in Fiance, and came to America when a 
young man. settling first in 'Washington County. 
Pa., and afterward in Champaign County, Ohio, 
wliere lie was one of the early settlers. lie was 
married in Pennsylvania to one of that State's 
fair daughters, and reared a large family of 
cliildren. The fattier of our subject was bom on 
tlie 2'2i\ of February. 1811, and passed his bo\'hood 
and youth in his native county. He married 
Miss Inskeep, who was reared in Logan County, 
andwho was the daughter of .Toslma Inskeep, a 
native of theOld Dominion. Mr. Inskeep came 
to Ohio at an early day. was one of the pioneers 
of Logan County, and a prominent man. He was 
a preacher in the ^lethodist Church, waij also in 
the Methodist Protestant Church, and built one 
of the first churches in the township. He also 
engaged in the sawmill business for many years. 
In politics, he was a Whig. Moses De Vore and 
wife celebrated their nuptials in Zane Township, 
Logan County. (_)hio. in 1833, and afterward 
located in L'nion County. Ohiii. where they im- 
proved a large farm of four hundred .acres. A 
log cabin was first erected, but this subse- 
quently removed and a good, substantial frame 
structure took its place. Tlie mother died when 
about forty-three years of age. but the father is 
still living, and resides on his farm in Union 
County, and although eighty-one yeai-s of .age. 
time has dealt leniently with him, and he is still 
quite active and vigorous. He remained on 
this farm ever since hi? marriage, with the ex- 
ception of about three years, when he went to take 
care of his father and mother. 

C>f the nine children born to this worthy couple, 
four sons and five daughters, all but one grew to 
mature yeai-^. and four sons and three daughters 
still survive. Our subject, the second son and 
second child, was educated in tlie log schoolhouse 
of piiiiieer days, wuh tlie slab seats and other 
crude contrivances in tlie way of school furniture, 
and assisted his father in'cleai'ing tlie home place. 
Before he was of age. he bought his time of 
his fatlier, ]iaying -JliH) in c:isli for his services 
from the age of twenty until he attained his 
majority. On the 23d of (Jctoljer. 1855. he led to 

the altar Jliss Marj' ^Morton, a native of Ohio, born 
in Columbiana County, December 2, 1835. She 
came with her parents, Israel and Hannali (Conn) 
^Morton, to Logan Connty, Ohio, when nine years 
of .age. She was the youngest of ten children, and 
was left motherless when but an infant. Her 
father and mother were natives of the Kevstone 

Following his marriage, our subject located first 
in Union County, Ohio, where he remained two 
years, and then moved to Logan County, Zane 
Township, where he has made his home ever since. 
He first settled in a little log cabin of round logs, 
18x18 feet, and in this he and his most excellent 
and cultured wife resided for seventeen vears, 
gathering around them, by energy, industry and 
good management, many comforts and conven- 
iences. They improved the place in everv wav, 
and in 1875 erected a cozy and convenient house 
which cost them 51,000. They now have one 
hundred and seventy-one acres of .as good Land as 
is to be found in the county, and the most of this 
Mr. De Vore cleared himself, it being covered with 
heavy timber. 

To Jlr. and Mrs. De Vore have been bom seven 
children, three daughtei-s and four sons: Jacob 
A., born October, 1856, is at home; Rachel B. (de- 
ceased): Jennie L., wife of F\ X. Johnson, of 
■West Liberty, is a graduate of Adrian College, 
jMichigan; Moses G., at home; Lewis K., attend- 
ing the State University of Columbus, Ohio, tak- 
ing a course in cfvil engineering; Laural M., 
attending school at West Middleburgh, is a bright 
student, and is much interested in his studies; 
.Sylvia A. died at the age of five years. Mr. and 
Mi-s. De Vore have given their children every ad- 
vantage for receiving an education, and have 
every reason to be proud of the progress they have 
made, for there is not a more intelligent family in 
the county. 

Jlr. De Vore is an advocate of Democratic 
principles, and his first Presidential vote was for 
Buchanan in 185(J. He was Trustee of the town- 
ship for .about five years, and held the position of 
School Director for many years. There are three 
Re|)ublicans to one Democrat in the township, 
but .Mr. De N'cjre. who lias a host of warm friends 



in both parties, was elected Justice of the Peace in 
1884, and lias discharged the duties incumbent 
upon this office in a creditable and satisfactory 
manner. He was elected without his consent, and 
there has been but one appeal of all the cases he 
has tried. His docket for the past three years 
shows one hundred and tliirt}' sis cases settled, 
most without suit. He is a member of the Ancient 
Free and Accepted Masons, Blue Lodge of East 
Liberty, and Bl.azing Star Chapter No. 247, North 

^^EORGE W. IIAWVER. The life of a far- 
'II _^ nier may be devoid of stirring events, but 
^^Al it is none the less a field in which to ex- 
ercise good business ability, fine judgment and the 
sterling traits of personal character. Tlie man 
who can gain a large tract of land in the well-set- 
tled sections of our country must necessarily 
possess qualifications equal to those displayed by a 
business man in our towns, although differing in 
kind. The gentleman above named has prospered 
in his efforts in life and owns a considerable 
amount of land in Jackson Townsliip, Slielby 
County. His residence, which is located on sec- 
tions 28 and 29, is a commodious structme, is ac- 
companied by adequate and substantial outbuild- 
ings, and the land surounding it has been brought 
to a good condition as regards its cultivation and 

The original of this sketch is a son of Christian 
Hawver, who was born near Hagerstown, Md., Au- 
gust 2(5, 1817. He in turn was a son of Daniel and 
Elizabeth (Brown) Hawver, also natives of tliat 
State. The maiden name <if our subject's mother 
was Lucinda Hughes; slie was born in Miami 
County, this State, August 1. 1819, and is a daugli- 
ter of William Hughes, an early settler of that lo- 

The father of our suljject came to this State as 
early as 1837 and, locating- in !Mianii County, was 
there married, February 1. 1843. and soon after that 

event came to this county, making his home on 
section 33, Jackson Township. The land at that 
early day was in its original wildness, and as 
there were no roads, the only way in which the 
fanul}- could find their way about the country was 
by means of blazed trees, and even. then they very 
frequently were lost in the woods. The fatlier 
made his home on that place for forty years, dur- 
ing which time he witnessed and aided greatly in 
bringing about wonderful improvements. He de- 
parted this life October 9, 1878, while his good wife, 
who still survives, resides on the old homestead. 
i\Ir. and iSIrs. Hawver were the parents of two chil- 
dren, the brother of our subject being Dr. W. H. 
Hawver, who married Miss Maiy McCormick and 
makes his home in Santa Fe, Logan County. Iii 
religious affaii-s, they always took -an active part, 
the father being .Steward and Class-leader in the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, in which denomina- 
tion his wife is also a member. He kept himself 
thoroughly posted in regard to politics and on the 
organization of the Republican party joined its 
ranks. He served in many positions of trust and 
honor in his township and for many years was an 
efficient member of the School Board. 

Cieorge W. Hawver was born on the old home 
farm in this township, June 1, 1849. He was there 
reared to man's estate and, in addition to receiv- 
ing a thorough training by his excellent parents, 
was given the opportuiiit}- for obtaining a good 
education. He aided his father in carrying on the 
estate until after his marriage, which event oc- 
curred December 11, 1870, when Miss .Sarah 31., 
daughter of John M. and Druscilla (Meranda) 
Burditt became his wife. Her parents were natives 
of Clarke County, this State, the father being born 
August 23, 1819, and the mother April 20, 1830. 
Her father was a son of Booth Burditt, an early 
settler in Logan County, where he was a local 
preacher in the Methodist Episcopal Church. The 
maternal grandparents of Mrs. Hawver were New- 
land and Hannah (Lowe) Meranda, the father born 
December 28. 1804, in "Virginia, in which State 
the mother also born February 14, 1806. 
Thev emigrated to this State in 1827, making 
their advent into Shelby County ten years later, 
locating in Port Jefferson. After a residence there 



of three yeai's, Mr. aufl Mrs. JMeranda made their 
home on section 22. Jackson Township, where the 
father died. 

The parents of Mrs. Hawver were married in 
J.acl<son T()wnshi|i, Novt'niluT 1(5. 1851, and then 
located on a farm where IVinberton village now 
stands. The fatlior dyin- ,lune IC. I^.ji, Jlrs. 
Burditt was married In liulla Klaiul, liy whom slic 
became the motlier of six cliildren. RoUa Bland 
died Jl.ay 17, ISGo, while a iiioniber of the Unicm 
army in the late war. and his widow was married, 
September 1), ISGy, to .hiali (Jlick, and to them born one sou. Kdiuund .J. Mr. Glick died 
October 28, 18111, and Ills wife, who still survives, 
makes her home in Jackson Center, this township. 

;\Irs. Ilawvcr, who the only child of her mo- 
ther's first marriage, was born October 27, 1852, in 
thi> town>lu|). Iler parents were members of the 
3Ietliodist ICpiscopal Cluirch, in which body her 
father had been Class-leader for many yeai-s. In 
his political relations, he was in sympatliy with and 
voted for the candidates of the Whig party. The 
wife of our subject given .an excellent educa- 
tion, supplementing the knowledge gained in dis- 
trict schools by a thorough course in the High 
.School at .Sidne}', and after completing her studies 
taught school in this county. 

After his marriage, our subject resided for four 
j-ears on the old home farm and in 1874 removed 
to his present estate, which then bore but slight 
improvements. IIis jiropcrty includes eighty acres, 
wliich his industry and good judgment have placed 
under excellent tillage until it ranks among tlie 
best in the township. To himself and wife have 
been liorn four children, namely: Frederick B.. 
who wa.> l)urn September 2, 1873, died December 1. 
187.J; Oliver C. was born September 30, 187(j; 
Ilarley II.. January 21. ISSl.and Ethel Dru.-ciUa. 
July 11. 18.-;5. 

Mr. and Mrs. Ihuvver arc members of the Meth- 
odist Ei)isci>|ial Churcli and take an active part in 
all the workings of the same. ^Ir. Ilawvcr having 
been Trustee and Superintendent (jf tlu' Sunday- 
school, lie has Ijcen greatly interested in educa- 
tional affairs, given his children good educa- 
tiou'^ and scrv>-d as a nu-inber of tlie local and 
township School Board for l wche years, Socially, | 

he is a member of the Masonic fraternity, in which 
order he has been Secretary, and with his wife is a 
charter member of the Grange. In the latter or- 
der, our subject has been Master and Mrs. Hawver been the incumbent of every official position 
to which Ladies arc entitled and at the present tiine 
is Pomona in the lodge. A stanch Republican in 
politics, he of whom we write occupies an honored 
position among his fellow-townsmen, whom he has 
served as Trustee for six years, and as Committee- 
man for many terms. 

William Hughes, the maternal grandfather of 
our subject, was born in Kentucky, in 17'J7. He a carpenter by trade and on coming to this 
State located in Miami County, where he owned a farm of eighty .acres, which he later sold 
for 18,000. The lady to whom he was married 
bore the name of Elizabeth Hopkins and to them 
were born four children, who grew to mature years, 
viz.: Lucinda, the mother of ciur subject; Eliliu. 
Maria ami Dr. William, the latter of whom is en- 
g.aged in the active practice of his profession in 
Washington, D. C, whither he removed in 1881. 


■ ^ R. C. M. FISHER. Among the people of 
Logan County, .as well as the surrounding 
counties, the name that heads this sketch is 
by no means :in unfamiliar one. For many years 
ho has been actively and successfully occupied in 
the ]irosecution of his chosen profession, and dur- 
ing this time his career as a pr.actitioner and 
thorough student of medicine won for him no 
less a than have his personal charac- 
teristics as a citizen and neighbor. 

His father, John 11. Fisher, was- born in Berks 
County, Pa., on the 27th of November. I805, and 
w;rs tliere. reared to ra;iture year^. and learned the 
h;itter"s trade, following that for a series of 
years in Pennsylvaui.a. He w:is married in the 
same county to Miss Elizalieth .Marshall, a native 
of Schuylkill County, Pa., born on the I'Jth of 
August, 1807, ;uid in 1834 came to .'^tark County, 



Ohio, where he remained until 1836. From there 
he moved to Logan County of that State, located 
in Rush Creek Township, and followed farming. 
Here his death occurred ou the 11th of December, 
1871. .ind ho was followed to the grave by his 
wife on the 29th of M.-iy, 1879. This worthy 
couple had shared each other's joys and sorrows for 
a period of over forty-live yeai-s, and had many 
warm friends, for they were upright and honor- 
able in every walk of life. He was a member of 
the Disciples Church, and the wife was a member 
of the Presbyterian Church from childhood. He 
was interested in educational affaii-s, holding the 
office of .School Director, and in politics, he uiiheld 
the principles of the Democratic party. He and his 
wife were buried side by side in New Salem ceme- 
tery, this county. 

Our subject's paternal grandfather, Henry Fi-^lier, originally from Berks County, Pa., ami fol- 
lowed farming there until his death, when quite 
an aged man. His father was a native of Ger- 
many, and left the land of his birth for this 
country wlien a young man. He settled in Penn- 
sylvania, and there resided until his death. The 
maternal gr.andfather of our subject, Conrad Mar- 
shall, a native of Schuylkill Count}-, Pa., born 
December 17, 1772, .and was a farmer. He came 
to Ohio in 1834, settling in Zanesfield, Logan 
Count}", and kept hotel until he retired from .ac- 
tive life, his death occurring on the 10th of Feb- 
ru.arj", 18.57, when eighty-five years of age. Ilis 
father, John Marshall, a native of France, 
and came to America at a period antedating the 
Revolutionary War. He served in this war, .and 
was (jne of the early settlei^s of Pennsylvania. 

Of the four sons born to his parents. Dr. C. M. 
Fisher was second in firder of birtii. Tlie eldest 
child died in infancy; .Iiilin ^M.. another son. 
was born in Logan County on the ;31st of .Janu- 
ary, 1842. and is now a farmer <jf Hardin County, 
Ohio. Our subject fii-st saw the light of day in 
Logan County, Rush Creek Township. Ohio, on 
the ItJth of December. 1839. and tliere grew to 
manhood. His first scholastics training was in the 
log schoolhouse of early d.ays. and he remained in 
the s.ame until sixteen years of a^i'. whi'ii he at- 
tended school at BellefoMtaiue fur four \ cars. 

graduating from the institution of learning there. 
Being possessed of a more than ordinary degree of 
intelligence, he began teaching at the age of 
eighteen years, and when twenty \-ears of age he 
began the study of medicine with Dr. Cooper, of 
Bellefontaine. After completing his course of 
reading with that physician, he attended the 
Eclectic Medical College of Cincinnati, Ohio, and 
graduated in 1862, subseqnenth' locating where he 
now resides, in Rushsylvania, where he has a large 
.and lucrative practice. 

His marriixge with Miss Mary Elizabeth Ansley 
occurred in Logan County, Rush Creek Township, 
On the 3d of !March, 1863. She born on the 
5th of June, 1841. and the third child and 
second daughter of four children born to George 
and Deliver.ance (Johnson) Ansley, natives of the 
Blue Grass State, the father born on the 8th of 
November, 1807, and the mother ou the 17th of 
April of the following year. The parents moved 
to Ohio at an earh' date, and both passed away 
here, the mother ou the 2.5th of December, 1879, 
and the father on the 29th of August, 1882. They 
were well known throughout Logan County, and 
were universally respected. 

Our subject and wife became the parents of five 
children, two daughters and three sons: Frank A., 
born J.anuar3- 31, 1864, and married September 
4, 1889, to Jliss Sarah E. .Shaw, now resides in 
Rushsylvania; Anna JMay, born Ma}' 31, 1867, 
is the wife of Lewis Fawcett. of Rushsylvania, and 
has one son, Marshall; Cieorge E., born March 14, 
1870; JIary K.. born December 25, 1872, is the 
wife of Horatio Cline, of Belle Centre, Ohio; Allen 
:\rarshall. born August 21, 1886, is at home. 

Dr. Fisher is a member of the National Medical 
Eclectic Association, and also a member of the 
Ohio State Eclectic Medical Association. He is 
one of the most prominent and successful physi- 
cians of the county, as his many patients now 
liyini: can testify. He was made a Mason in 
1864 at Belle Centre Lodge No. 347, and is a 
member of LaFayette Chapter, of Bellefontaine, 
Ohio. Heisalso a member of Rush I>odge No. 381, 
I. O. O. F., and is a charter member of the same. 
He and Mrs. Fislier are active workers in the Dis- 
ciples Church, in wliicli they hold membership, and 



he is a Democrat in politics. He was a member of 
tlie Board of Education for a period of twelve 
3'eai-s, and has held other minor offices in the 
township. In 1887. he was a candidate for Represen- 
tative on the Domocratic ticket, and far ahead 
of his ticket, but, on account of the overwhelming 
majority of Republicans, was defeated. lie was 
elected Township Clerk on two occasions, and was 
a member of tlie City Council at various times, 
lie is one of the best-informed and most promi- 
nent citizens of the county, and is thoroughly 
qualified to hold almost any position. He has 
many warm friends, and is popular with all classes. 

■ ILLIAM KETTLER. The stories of the 
i\ A/// wonderful physical resources of America 
V^'^S and the opportunities afforded here for 
personal aggrandizement, have attracted hither 
m.any natives of the Lands .across the sea. The 
agricultural districts of our country contain man}- 
German-American citizens who are, almost with- 
out exception, energetic, thriftv and prosperous. 
In Shelby County this class is represented, and 
one of the number is the subject of tliis sketch, 
who is located at Kettlersville, A'an Buren Town- 
ship, and in addition to superintending the opera- 
tions of his farm, is the owner of a general store, 
and Postmaster of the village. He came to Amer- 
ica without means, and has in a comparatively 
.short time accumulated a comfortable fortune. 

Our subject was born .Tune 17, 1828, in Prussia. 
and is the son of Christian and Anna Kettler. al.-o 
natives of the Fatherland, whence they c:\nie to 
America in 1847, and immediately located in New 
Bremen, this State. There the father purch.ased 
a. farm and lived for several years. He subse- 
quently tiiok up Ills al.)iide in Van Burcii Town- 
ship, this county, and liere died in 1883, when in 
his eighty-third year. His good wife, who became 
the mother of seven children, died in lier eighty- 
fourth year. 

He of whom wc write w:i; reared on the liome 

farm in Prussia, and received a good education in 
the model schools of his native land. He six- 
teen years of age when he set sail from New 
Bremen and handed in Baltimore, after a tedious 
voyage of eleven weeks on the ocean. He came 
direct to this State and located at IS'e\v Bremen, 
where he worked for two years on a farm. He 
then began clerking, being thus engaged foraltout 
four yeai-s, and then launched out in business on 
his own account, and was thus employed for thir- 
teen years, at the expiration of wliich time he sold 
his store and came to Buren Township, where 
he purchased a tract of land on section lo. He 
cleared and improved his acre.age and a few years 
ago erected a sawmill on his farm, from which 
branch of business he is deriving a comfortable 

The lady to whom Mr. Kettler was married in 
18.52 was Miss Louise Borner, of New Bremen, 
this State. To them have been granted a familv 
of five children: Julius, Sophi.a, Matilda, and two 
who died in infancy. A Democrat in politics, our 
subject has served as Assessor of his township and 
as member of the Council in New Bremen. With 
his wife, lie is a member of the Lutheran Church, 
and gives liberally of his means towards its sup- 
port. He cng.agcd in business in Kettlersville, 
which named in his honor, about ten years ago, 
and is conducting a successful business .as general 

EORGE H. STROH, one of the practical 
- and intelligent young farmers of Auglaize 
J County, has developed a fine farm from a 
tract of wild prairie land on section 7, Pusheta 
Township, which compares f.avorably in point of 
improvement and cultivation witli the best in this 
township. He is tlie son of .Tohn Stroll, who was 
born in 1815 in Hesse-Cassel, Germany, where he 
was also a farmer. The father emigrated to the 
New World in 18:54, and. h)cating in Butler 
Count\-, this Sl.ite, was engaged in teaming for 



some time. Later, removing to tliis county, lie 
worked for a sliort time on the canal and then 
settled in Washington Township, this county, 
where he is now living at the advanced age of 
seventy-seven years. 

The motlier of our subject, wlio bore the m.Tidon 
name of Eliza Jliller, was also a native of Cier- 
iiiaiiy. and by a former marri.ige had born to hor 
two children, onl^' one of whom is living. George 
H. Stroll of this sketch was the youngest but one 
in the family of six children comprised in the 
parental family. Lis birth occurring in Washing- 
ton County, August 7, 1858. He was educated in 
the public scliools, and remained at home until 
reaching his majority, when he rented a farm for 
two 3'ears. 

In the year 1880, Mr. Stioh and Jliss Minnie E., 
daughter of Adam and JIary Englehaupt, were 
united in marriage. Her parents were botli na- 
tives of Germany, tlie father being born in 1818, 
in Bavaria, and the mother in 1822, in Hesse-Cas- 
sel. :Mr. Englehaupt emigrated to America .as early 
as 1 830, and coming directly to this county, was en- 
gaged for four months at his trade, that of a shoe- 
maker. He then located on a tract of land, which he 
cleared, .and erected tliereon a log cabin. Ho had 
a hard struggle in tliose pioneer times to get a 
start in life, but by hard work has succeeded in 
acquiring a comfortable position in life. Mrs. . 
Stroh is the only survivor of their family of eight 
children. They were both members of the St. 
Paul's Presbyterian Church of Wapakoneta, toward 
tlie erection of wliich ^Ir. Engleliaupt was a lib- 
eral contributor. In his political relations, he 
votes tlie Democratic ticket, and in local affairs 
has served for a numljer of years as School Direc- 
tor. His farm at present comprises one liundred 
and twenty acres, wliich is well stocked and im- 
proved Willi all the necessary buildings and farm 

To Jlr. and Mrs. Stroh have been born twocliil- 
dren, Ada and Nora. With his wife he is a de- 
voted member of St. Paul's Presbyterian Church, 
in which he has served as Elder. Jlr. Stroh 
has given his children good educations, and 
on account of his interest in school .iffairs has 
been elected director. lie has also lilled the re- 

sponsible ofBce of, and while Road 
Supervisor of his township rendered ser- 
vice to the traveling public. In social matters, he 
has been a member of the Farmers' Mutual Bene- 
fit Society. 

-^^^^^ ^ 1@'^@I ^ ^^=^ -- 

^ UGU.ST F. G. FRANKE. The push and 
W I ^"^''S.y of this gentleman are potent fac- 

/// ii tors in the business prosperity of AVapa- 
(QJ/ koneta, and his assistance is in the 

upbuilding of the place. Having determined to 
pui-sue the life of a druggist, he has been energetic 
and prosperous in his work, ever ready to take 
advantage of new ideas which promise to be 

Our subject, who born in Osnabruck Prov- 
ince, Hanover, Germany, ;\Iarch 31, 1847, is the 
son of Carl and Johanna (Cramer) Franke, both 
of whom were also natives of the Fatherland, and 
are now deceased. August was the only son 
in a familj" of five children, and received his edu- 
cation in the schools of Germany. There it was 
that he learned his trade, and on the 12th of M.ay, 
1867, landed in New York City, where he remained 
about two months. 

In .Tuly of the above-named year, our subject 
came to this city and engaged as clerk in a 
drug house for thiee years, at the expiration of 
which time he opened up an establishment of his 
own in partnersliip with Francis Fritsch, now of 
Salt Lake City, Utah. The gentlemen continued 
in business together for four years, since which 
time Mr. Franke carried on the trade alone. 
He has a certificate from the Ohio Board of Phar- 
macy, of which body he is a member, and is also 
connected with the Ohio Pharmaceu Ileal Board. 

The large store of our subject is well stocked with 
drugs, notions, etc., and by his genial manner and 
courteous conduct he has built up one of the largest 
trades in his line in the county. He has a good 
personal reputation as a druggist and has always 
been singularlv successful in ni()ne\ -making, hav- 




^^L^^D. t^^}^p^-r-x^ ^^/^'^^^^-^.^(A^^ 



ing through his own exoitions attained a high 
stanrliiig among the citizens of this county. He been a member of the P.oard of Healtli of this 
city for a number of years, and his political lean- 
ing is indicated by the f.act that he is connected 
with the Lincoln Republican Club. 

The lady to whom >Ir. Franke married in 
1870 bore the maiden name of Caroline Jloser. 
To them have been granted a family of six chil- 
dren, three sons and three daughters. They are 
both members of the German Lutheran Church, 
and have a large circle of friends throughout this 
section. Our subject, socially, is a member of the 
Lidependent Order of Odd fellows and is a man 
of sterling worth, and it affords us pleasure to pre- 
sent his sketch in this volume. 

■S^ LIZl'R AXDRKWS. It is always a pleasure 
|lr«i to deal with the history of one of those 
1^ — 'i grand old families that have for genera- 
tions been distinguished for patriotism, the genuine 
spirit of Christianity and the strong characteristics 
which have made them men of mark. Mr. An- 
drews, whose portrait accompanies this life sketch, 
comes of good old fighting stock, his grandfather. 
Francis Andrews, having served in the Continental 
arm\- during the Revi.ilutionary AVar. and his 
father, .Tamos Andrews, having l)een a soldier in 
the War of 1812. The latter served under Gen- 
erals Harrison and Bell, and assisted in cutting out 
Bell's Trail from the Fast to the Maiimee River. 
Ho partici|iated in all the engagements of the West 
during that war and wa> houoiably dl-^charged at 
its close. 

.lames .-Viidrew^ was linm in York County. Pa., 
and was one of the pioniMT- of A>hland County, x't- 
tling there as early ,-is IHi:,. The country wa> a 
wilderness at that time, wild animals almunded. 
and Indiana were frei|Ui'ntly si'en. He married 
Miss Christina, d.-iu-hter cf 1 Iclplirev, wIh> 

was a native uf Gertiiaiiy. s .-ifler his iiiar- 


riage, he settled in the above-mentioned count v, 
where he and his economical and thrifts wife soon 
developed a fine farm. They were the parents 
of seven children, two of whom are living: Elizur 
and Francis S. Worth\- and exemplary church 
membei-s, this worthy couple were highly respected 
and honored by all. He was a Democrat in poli- 
tics. She received her final summons in 1829 and 
he in IStj:). 

The original t>i this notice w.-i.n born in Hieh- 
land, Ohio, in 181'.). and remained on the home 
place until the age of thirty-three, when he 
moved on the pl.ace where he now resides. \\\ 
1843, he married Miss Catherine Ann Flemino-. a 
native of Penii.sylvania, and the daughter of David 
anil Ann S. Fleming, natives also of the Kevstone 
St,ate. After his marriage, Mr. Andrews settled in 
Ashland County, Ohio, whence, in the fall of 1852. 
he removed to I ioshen Tosvnship. .Vuglaize Countv, 
and h.os ever since resided on section 7, having 
there one of the most desirable farms in the county. 
He commenced to develop his farm at once after 
loe4itiiig iip(./ii it. and although the surroimdinu-s 
were wild and neighbors few, he never became 
discouraged, but soon had eighty acres cleared and 
ready for cultivation. In addition to his farm 
labors, a great amount of care fell upon himowin'j- 
to the fact that his wife was a cripple for a long 
time, and for eleven yeai-s prior to her death was 
unable to walk. She p.assed away August 2, 1878, 
of puliiKinary c<iu,-umption. being lifty-seven vears 
old at the time of her decease. .She was a mem- 
ber of the .Associate Kefornied Church, and was a 
woman of hively character, whose consistent 
Christian life proved the sincerity of her religious 
belief, .six of the eight children born to .Mr. and 
Mi>. .Vniliews. are living, namely: .lane, who mar- 
ried .M:Ltliew 1!, W Whetstone, and lives in Kansas; 
Kniily C. wife of (». F. Wheatley; Lucinda F., 
Mrs, .l(.hn Sarah U,. Mis. Mtu'ris; O. F. ami 
.lanu■^ .\.. all nl whom were favored with <;ood 
pdiK':itii>iKil advantages. 

The productive and fertile farm owyed and oc- 
cii|)ie<i hy .Mr. .Vndrews. coiiipri-es two liundred 
acres, and is well stocked with line horses, cattle. 
,-liecp and ho-.. ,,r .-IS lino l,,-,.,.,] .,, i.. to b,- f,,iiiid 
in the county, and many of his blooded animals 



have been shipped to the East and England. An 
honest, industrious man, he has contributed his 
share toward the advancement of the community, 
and is regarded as one of its most enterprising 
citizens. At the age of seventy-three, he is well- 
preserved and active, and attends to all his busi- 
ness affairs with the vim and enthusiasm of a man 
of forty. In his i)olitical views, he been a 
life-long Democrat, and his first Presidential vote 
was cast for JMartin Van Buren in 1840. He was 
a member of the Associate Reformed Church, 
which, in the spring of 1859, united with the 
Associate Church, forming what is now known as 
the United Presbyterian Church, with which he is 


AVID A. CLARK, editor of The Argus, 
))] and JIayor of St. Mary's, wields a wide 
(^Jj^' influence, both personal and professional, 
and. as a politician of the best type, has 
made a m.arked impress on the public, political, 
business and social life of his native city and 
county. He was born March 17, 1861, and is a son 
of William H. Clark, a well-known citizen of St. 
Mary's, who has been identified with its interests 
for many years. 

The father of our suliject born in Norfolk, 
Va.. in 182.5. His parents were natives of Scot- 
land, and shortlv after his father's death his mother 
came to this country and settled in Virginia. He 
learned the trade of a carpenter when young, be- 
came a ship-carpenter, and made several voyages 
across the ocean in pursuit of his calling. In 
1848. he came to St. Clary's, tlien a hamlet, and 
cist in his fcirluue with the early settlers, and in 
his cliaracter of carpenter w:is an active in 
its ui)l)uilding, carrying im his trade until within 
ten year- ago. when he retired from business in that 
line, lie is now Notary Puljlic and a pension at- 
torney, lie was (ince appointed Canal Collector 
by the Stat.' Heard of Piililir Wmks. and mm vcd 
tlliciently in that capacity two years, He is a man 

of strong convictions and of unblemished charac 
ter, and the Presbyterian Church, of which he has 
been Deacon several years, finds in him one of its 
most valuable working members. He married af- 
ter coming to this State, Martha, daughter of Rich- 
ard Barrington, who was born and reared on a 
farm near St. JIary's. Her father, who was a na- 
tive of Ireland, was a pioneer farmer of Auglaize 
County. He married a Penn.sylvania lady, and both 
are now deceased. 

The subject of this biography is the youngest 
son in a family of eight children, six sons and two 
daughters, of whom only himself and a sister are 
living. He acquired a solid education in the pub- 
lic .schools of his native city, and at the age of six- 
teen began to prepare himself for the profession 
which he had decided to adopt, by entering upon 
an apprenticeship in the office of the St. Mary's 
Free Press, then edited by his brother, Richard S. 
Clark, whose lamented death occurred in the fall 
of 1877. In 1878, the office was sold, and the 
name of the paper changed to the St. Mary's Ar- 
gus, .lohn Walkup & Co. becoming the proprietors. 
Mr. Clark did not sever his connection with the 
office, but remained in the employ of the new 
proprietors, with tlie exception of six months, un- 
til .Inly, 1883. He then purchased the paper, and 
has since fitted up the office witli new presses and 
material, and now has a first-class newspaper and 
job-printing establishment. 

The Argus is a six-column quarto, having a fine 
typographical appearance, and its well-written ed- 
itorials deal with all the leading questions of the 
day in a clear, logical manner, being always pithy 
and to the point; and under Mr. Clark's progress- 
ive and business-like management the paper has 
become a power in the community. It enjoys a 
large circulation among the people of all classes, 
irrespective of party, for while its editor is thor- 
oughlv to the Democi'aey, and is a bold par- 
tisan, he is .always just and fair to political oppo- 
nents of whatever creed. When he took charge of 
the pajier it was independent as to politics, but he made it an organ of the Democrats. 

Our subject was married in 1890 to Miss Amelia 
(icnu'll. a native of this city, and a daughter of 
Charles tleructt, ;i native of tiermaiiv, who for 



several jears has been a jeweler in St. Mar}''s. 5Ir. 
and Mrs. Clark are very popular in society, as they 
are gifted witli those fine attributes of charactei' 
tliat attract friends, and tlieir home is the centre 
of a charming hospitality. 

Our suljject's fellow-citizens, who have known 
liini from cliildliood and have watched his bril- 
liant career with friendly interest, have shown their 
appreciation of his talentjj and aptitude for affairs 
by selecting him to till responsible civic positions. 
For the past seven years he has been Clerk of St. 
Mary"s T<:>wnship, and in the .■-[>ring nf IH'J'J he 
was honored by election to the highest municipal 
otliee, that of M.-iyor of the city, lie pursues a 
sound, vigorous, and enlightened policy in the dis- 
charge of his otiicial duties, well calculated to ad- 
vance the interests of St. JIary's, and his admin- 
istration is irrepro.achable in every respect. Mr- 
Clark early evinced a remarkal)le interest in poli- 
tics, and became an active worker in the Demo- 
cratic ranks even before he attained his majority. 
For four years he has been a member of the Dem- 
ocratic Executive Committee of Auglaize County, 
and has been of great service to his party in this 
section in that as well as in his editorial capacity. 
Socially, he is a member of the Kniffhtsof Pvtliias. 

ylLLTAM .T. Mc:\U"RRAY. The well-known 
editor and proprietor of the Auglaize 
Ri'puhlican. the leading newspaper of this 
count}-, exercised a marked influence on the 
affairs uf this section of Ohii... and even of the en- 
tire State, not only profes.-i(jnall\\ but :is a jjro- 
gressive, imblic-spirited citizen, and has aided in 
guiding it? political de>tiny. as well as iu ixuarding 
and ad\-ancing it-^ dearest intere^t<. materially, 
socially ami niiMally. 

Our subject w:i- born in Canipliell County. Ky.. 
October I'.i. ISl'.i. andi> the son of Robert and 
Mary (Hurst) Mc.Murray. both of whom were born 
in England. The parents emigrated to this countiy 
when single, .Tud were married in the Rlue (irass 

State. They had a family of three children, of 
whom our subject is the youngest. He remained 
in his native State until reaching his eleventh year, 
when. in 18Gb. in company with his mother, he came 
to Wapakoneta, where he attended the excellent 
schools of the city. His father having died when 
he was only six months old, the family, subsequent 
to the time just mentioned, moved to St. Marv's, 
where young McMurray further prosecuted his 
studies. He alw.ays fully availed himself of all 
privileges of instruction, and from early life forced 
himself to think deeply u|]on that which he read. 

After completing his education, our sul)ject en- 
tered a dry-goods store in this city as clerk, which 
position he tilled for twelve years, and at the ex- 
l)iration of that time aliandoned his clerk^lii[> and 
spent the winter of 1«80-,HI in the West Indies, 
princiiially on the Island of Culm. Returning to Wa- 
pakoneta, it wa? hi.- intention b> dispose of his real- 
estate interests and seek a new home in the West, 
which jiroject was, however. abandoned cm account 
of his being interviewed by many of the leading Re- 
publicans of the county, and urged to publish a 
paper which would ex|ire." their [lolitical faith. 
Mr. McMurray was known to have fine literary 
tastes, as he had for some time been a correspond- 
ent for various papers. 

In partnei-ship with Robert P. .Sutton, our sub- 
ject established the Auglaize Rppublican. issuing 
the first number in .Vugust. 1881. Two years later, 
Mr. ;\IcMinTay became sole proprietor of the plant, 
his office being well eipiipped with jjower presses 
and the best of material. In 1887, his business be- 
came so extensive and pressing that he was com- 
pelled to have more lielp. an.d tciok in as his part- 
ner Mr. W. R. Duvall. now editor of the Circleville 
' I' nil III Jleralil. The iJartnershiii continued until 
. January 1. 18',n.l. ?ince which time our subject lin- 
managed the business alone. .\t the Fourth l)i.-- 
trict Republican Congressional Ci.m\ention held 
in Lima on the 4th of May. 18;iJ. Mr. Mc.Murray 
wa.- selected Pre^idential Elector, tlie di-trict com- 
prising the Counties (if Allen. Augiai/e, ^Mercer. 
Darke and Shelby. 

The Republican ha- the laiLTC-t circulation of any 
newspaper in the county, and in addili(.in to hi^ 
editorial busines.-. he is comlucting a paying busi- 



ness as job printer, furnishing almost all the legal 
printing. Mr. McMurray is a splenclict jouinalist, 
and his paper is the official organ of the Republi- 
can party. In social matters, he is a member of Lin- 
coln Club and the Kniglits of Pythias. He belongs 
to the English Lutheran Church, and takes a great 
interest in the Siind.ay-school, being at the present 
time its cliorister. As the editor of a prominent 
newspaper, he wields a marked influence in the 
public and political life of his pajjer, to the publi- 
cation of which lie devotes his entire time and at- 

' SAAC N. ZEARIXG. This addi- 
i|' tion to performing the duties of Postmaster of 
Bellefontaine, is also engaged as a dealer in 
merchant's tailoring and men's furnishing goods. 
A native of this State, he was born near Gei-man- 
town,. Montgomery County, August 27, 181.5, and 
is a son of David and Mary (Moyer) Zearing, also 
natives of this State. The Zearing familj' is of 
German origin and the Moyer family came from 
Pennsylvania to Cincinnati with a eolony of about 
fourteen families in the j-ear 1806. 

The fatlier of our subject was an itinerant 
preacher in the L'nited Brethren Church at the time 
of his deatli. He had a family of three sons, of 
whom our subject is the only survivor, The latter 
was about eighteen months old when his father 
died, .and was given a fair education in the country 
schools of his native county. He remained on the' 
home farm until reaching his fifteenth year, at 
which time he entered a general store in Westches- 
ter as clerk, in which capacity he was employed 
for three years. In 1863. he went to Dayton and 
occupied a like positinu in the dry-goods store of 
H. V. Perrine. In the fall of that year, however, 
he joined the militia, and in M.ay, 1864. was called 
out in tlie one hundred d.ays' service as a member 
of the One Hundred and Thirty-first Ohio Infantry. 
With his regiment, Jlr, Zeaiing reported for duty 

at Baltimore, Md., where they were stationed, and 
after the expiration of his term of enlistment re- 
turned to Dayton and was again taken into the 
employ of the above-named firm, with whom he 
remained until the spring of 1866. Our subject 
then formed a partnership with Charles W. Snyder 
and established the first dry-goods store on the 
west side of the river at D.ayton, which then 
called Miami City. They operated successfully 
together for three years, when Mr. Zearing sold 
oiit his interest in the business and .accepted a po- 
sition with Bunstine, Moses ife Bojer, wholesale 
dry-goods merchants, in the interests of which firm 
he traveled until Febru.ary 1, 1875. 

He of whom we write came to Bellefontaine o'n 
the above date, and with George W. Stieg em- 
barked in the merchant tailoring .and men's fur- 
nishing business on Columbus Street. The partner- 
ship continued for seven years, when Mr. Zearing 
bought out the interests of Mr. Stieg and has since 
conducted affairs alone. The greater part of the 
business, however, is carried on by his son, Craig 
W., who is a most proficient and progressive 
young man. 

Mr. Zearing's political career dates back to his 
eighteenth year. In 186.3, while living in Mont- 
gomery Countv, he became interested in politics, 
drilling the boys at the polls. In 1877, he was 
elected a member of the Republican Executive 
Committee and served as such for several years. 
Ten years later, he was elected Chairman of his 
Committee, and in tlie campaign of the following 
year, under his administration the Republican ma- 
jority- of Logan County, which fifteen hun- 
dred and eighty-seven, was the largest ever polled. 
He has ever been a hard worker in the ranks of 
that party and his labors in the campaign of '88 
were crowned with a victory which made all the. 
Republicans rejoice and thank their representative. 
He has always been identified with State politics, 
and Gen. Kennedj^'s Lieutenant during his 
campaign for Ciovenior and Congressman, and was 
a Delegate to the National Convention at Min- 

Mr. Zearing appointed Postmaster of this 
city February 17. IS'.tH, and by his genial na- 
ture has won many friends throughout this sec- 



'■>C^PT^Uiy' . 



tion. Socially, he is a Thii-ty -second Degree 
Mason, is an Odd Fellow, a Kninht of Pytbias, 
a member of the Royal Arcanum and of the Grand 
Army of the Republic. He has been a Representa- 
tive to the Grand Lodge of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows and Encampment, and was like- 
wise associated with the Royal Arcanum. 

In IStJC, Miss Roxie P. Walker and our subject 
were united in marriage. The four children who 
were born to them bear the respective names of 
Craig "\V.. Cora W., Charles W. and Susan E. The 
parents are devoted members of the Lutheran 
Church, and are numbered among the substantial 
residents of this city. Mr. Zearing has been the 
incumbent of nearly all the prominent offices in 
the city, and at one time was Trustee and Secretary 
of the City Water-works during its construction, 
was Gas Trustee for five years, Secretar}' of the 
Agricultural Society for the same length of time, 
and has always been in favor of every movement 
which would advance the welfare of his city. He 
was President of the Home Building and Loan As- 
sociation and acted as Vice-president of the Citi- 
zens' Buililing and Loan Association tor about 
seven vears. 

.^. OLSTOX L. DINE. ~SL D. The profession 
(I! of a plivsician is one of the most impor- 

^^' tant to which a man can devote his life, 
if followed by a conscientious and honorable 
man, and that Dr. Dine, of Minster, is such a 
man cannot be gainsaid. The skill and t.ilent dis- 
played in tlie practice of his profession have 
brought happiness to many households, but his 
cheerful countenance and kind encouragement 
have also done much to bring about the conva- 
lescence of his patients. 

Dr. Dine. whn<e ixirtrait accompanies this sketch 
of his life, wa^ biuii in Seneca County. Ohio, on 
the 11th of February, l.-i,j8. Ilis parents. William 
and Margaret (Kennedy) Dine, were natives of 
the Kevstone State, wliere tliev remained until 

about 1850. From there they moved to Seneca 
County, Ohio, and there the father followed his 
trade, shoemaking, until about 1863, when he 
moved to Mercer County, locating in Montezuma. 
Five jears later, he sold out and removed to Nep- 
tune, where he and his estimable wife reside at 
the present time, he seventy-three and she seventv- 
one years of age. Both have held membership in 
the Jlethodist Episcopal Church for manv years. 
Five of tlie thirteen children Iwrn to them are 
now living, and Dr. C. L. is eighth in order of 

The early boyhood of our subject was spent in 
the district school of Seneca County, and he sup- 
plemented the knowledge thus gained bv two 
tertns in the High School at Celina and in a priv- 
ate school. At the early age of seventeen, he be- 
gan wielding tlie ferrule and taught during the 
winter seasons for nine years. While teachin"-, 
he .also attended school between terms, and dur- 
ing the year 1882, .and while teaching, he began 
the study of medicine, his course of studj- cover- 
ing about four years. In JMareh, 188(5, he was 
graduated from the Ohio !Medicul College, at Cin- 
cinnati, with high honors, and received a gold 
medal for the best examination on diseases of the 
eye. He also received a fine case of surgical in- 
struments, a prize offered to the pei-son presentino- 
the best paper on final examination. He re- 
ceived this case out of a class of seventv-eio-ht 
students. He located at Minster, Ohio, on the 1st 
of April, 1886, and now has all the practice to 
which he can possibly give his attention. The 
Doctor stands high both in private and profes- 
sional life, and all measures of morality, temper- 
ance, education, and others of like nature, find in 
him a strong advocate, and it may with truth be 
said he is found among the foremost patrons in 
any reliable, uplifting movement. 

Mr. Dine has been twice married. On the 3d of 
February, 1881, he married Elizabeth Harner. 
who was born in Centre Township. Mercer Countv, 
Ohio, where her parents resided for manv vears. 
Her father, Michael Harner, was a soldier, and 
died in the hospital at Nashville, Tenn. The mo- 
ther died when comparatively a young woman. 
Mrs. Dine received her final summons on tlie 7th 



of Februai-y, 1889, nnd left the following chil- 
dren: Lockie F., Poitiii F. and JIary I. On the 
14th of January, 181)0. the Doctor took for his 
second wife Miss Josepliine Herkenholf, a native 
of Minster, Ohio, and two cliildren have blessed 
this union: Frank ^V., born June 7, 1891, and 
Marg.aret E., June 16, 1892. 

The original of this notice is a member of the 
Northwestern Ohio Medical Association, the Shelby 
County Medical Society and the Ohio State Jled- 
ical Society. lie and ^Irs. Dine are wortliy mem- 
bers of the Catholic Churcli. Tlicy luive a fine 
residence, one of the best in Minster, and are hon- 
or.ible and useful members of societv. 


1^ ENRV IIKLLBrSClI. Augl.aize County is 
ijfjj an Eden of fine farms and .agricultural 
j\^ tracts. Thei'C are comparatively few very 
(^) small tracts, and each farmer tries to outdo 
his neighbor in the cultivation .and improvement 
of his land. Of the many fine attractive places, 
none are more conspicuous tlum that belonging to 
our subject, and located on section 14, near New 
Bremen. Jlr. Hellbusch is engaged in farming and 
stock-raising and has some of tlie best stock in his 

Our subject is a native of this county, his birth 
occurring on the farm where he now lives, on the 
1st of July, 1844, and he comes of sturdy German 
stock. His father. Jolin Hellbusch, was born in 
Oldenburg. Germany, in 180j, and was engaged 
in sheep-herding in his native countr}- until 1835, 
when he came to America. He was nine weeks in 
cro.ssing the, and he lauded in New York on 
the 4tli of July of that year. He visited Albany, 
Buffalo, Cleveland, Columbus. Springfield and 
Dayton, coming all the way by team from .Vlbany, 
and finally purchased a tract of wild land, foi'ty 
acres for ¥130, near New Bremen. On this he 
erected a log house and began his career as a pio- 
neer. Wild game was plentiful, some Indians 
were btill in the county, and settlei-s live<l some 

distance apart. Mr. Hellbusch was one of the first 
settlers of the townsliip, and was a man whose 
honest\- and uprightness won liim the respect of 
all. He died in 1875. He was a member of St. 
Paul's Lutlieran Churcli, and was an Elder and 
Trustee in the same. When he started out for 
himself, he liad very little means, but being indus- 
trious and entcri)rising, he soon accumulated a 
comfortable competence. His wife, a native of 
German}', whose maiden name was Mary Heseker, 
came with her parents to America in 1836, and on 
the 29th of February, 1838, she was married to 
Mr. Hellbusch. She died in 1852. Mr. Hellbusch 's 
second marriage to Mrs. Charlotta Fahrnhoart, 
a widow and a native of Prussia. Slie died in 

The original of this notice was the only son of 
the first marriage, and was one of five children, 
only three of whom now survive. He attended 
the district school in New Bremen and received a 
good education in the German language. He re- 
mained and assisted on the farm until after the 
death of the father, when he took charge of the 
same and has conducted it successfully ever since. 
Progressive and thorough in all that he does, he met with unusual success and is classed among 
the representative farmers and stock-raisers of the 
county. On the 18th of June, 1868, he selected 
Miss Mary Neddermann.a native of German Town- 
ship, this county, as his companion in life. She is 
also of German descent, for her f.othcr, William 
Neddermanii, was born in Germany, and came to 
America in 1848. He followed agricultural pur- 
suits in this country, and is still living. 

Mr. and Jlrs. Hellbusch are the parents of five 
children: William. Sophia, Edward, Lydia and 
John (deceased). .\ Democrat in his predilections, 
Mr. Hellbusch has ever voted with that party. He 
has been Township Trustee for the p.ast eight years, 
and w.ts Land Appraiser in 1890. He has also 
held other local offices, and has been a delegate to 
countv and district conventions. He is a promi- 
nent and influential citizen and is esteemed and 
honored in the community, and is a member of 
St. Paul's Church and an active and progressive 
worker in the same. .\t the present time, he 
is the President of the New Bremen Tri-County 



Fair Association and is a stockholder and Direc- 
tor in the same. He is also the President and 
a stockholder of the Xew Bremen Coach Horse 
Company. The owner of eighty acres of good 
))roductive land, in connection with agricultural 
pursuits, he is also engaged in raising Short- 
horn cattle. Mr. Hellbusch is one of the best- 
informed men of tlie county, is thoroughly posted 
on all subjects, and is very popular. 


EdIOMA.S S. STlTiGEOX is still living on 
the farm on section 4, St. Mary's Town- 
. ship (now included within the corporate 

limits of the city of St. Mary's), where he was 
born November 23, 1842. He risen to be one 
of the thrifty, well-to-do farmers of his native 
county, and his farm, which owes a part of its 
value to its situation in the oil region, compares 
favorably witli the best in the locality. 

Our subject is a son of Thomas Sturgeon, who 
was one of the fii-st settlers of St. Mary's Town- 
ship, and stood high in the estimation of all who 
knew him. He was born in Mifflin County, Pa., 
in 1803. In 1819, he accompanied his parents in 
their migration to Miami County, this State, and 
in 1829 he was married to Mary D. Ross, who was a 
native of the same Pennsylvania county as him- 
self. The following year, he and his young wife 
came to St. Clary's to locate upon the quarter of 
section 4 that he had entered from the Govern- 
ment in 1826. They found the country still in 
all its natural wildness and beauty, with but few- 
attempts at development, and they led a typical 
inoneer life, undergoing all the discomforts and 
trials incidental to life on the frontiers of civiliza- 
tion. There were no good roads, that le.iding 
south to Piqua. wliere they went for Hour and 
other articles, lieing K-arcelv more than a rousfli 
pathway marked by blazed trees. Indians still 
lived in the forests all the way from Wapakoneta 
to Oldtown. where their chief dwelt, and would 
frequently call at .Mr. Sturtfeon's house to ask for 

food or to exchange a haunch of venison for a 
loaf of bread. Mr. Sturgeon would sometimes 
kill a deer, but he did not care for hunting. His 
sole capital after he settled on his farm was fifty 
cents, but he was blessed with good courage to 
overcome all ol)st.acles that interfered with his 
plans, and he industrious in his habits, working 
with a stout heart to make a home for himself 
and wife, who cheerfully assisted him. He split 
timber to make the frame for his dwelling, split 
puncheons for the Boor thereof, and in that hum- 
ble abode he and Mrs. Sturgeon began housekeep- 
ing, living in it the firet winter without its being 
weather-boarded, but with brush set up around it to 
keep out the cold. Ilis axe, drawing knife, maul, 
and wedge were the only tools with which he was 
provided in building his house. He was much 
prospered, became one of the solid men of the 
township, and died lamented at a rijie age. May 
5. 1875. He was a quiet, reserved man, of few 
words, which were alwaj-s to the point, and he 
was strictly tempeiate in all things. He held va- 
rious local offices, and he helped to organize the 
Presbyterian society at St. Mary's, .acting as Elder 
of the church until his death. His good wife died 
before he did. her demise occurring December 5, 
1808. They liad eight children, four of whom 
grew to maturity, and three are now living, our 
subject being the only surviving son. His <Tand- 
father, Moses Sturgeon, a native of Pennsyl- 
vania, and was of .Scotch-Irish extraction. He 
was a farmer and one of the early settlers of 
Miami County, the farm he hewed from the 
wilderness being still in the Sturgeon name. 

Our subject first attended the district school 
nearest his home, and when about fifteen yeare old 
was sent to the village school at .St. Jlarv's. He 
aided his father in carrying on the farm until the 
latter died, and he then simply began where his 
father left off. coming into possession of the farm, 
and taking up the work that he laid down. He 
has one hundred and thirty-two acres of land on 
his farm, which is in a fine condition as to culti- 
vation and improvement, and is an attractive 
place for a home. (Jil has been found beneath 
the surface in paying quantities, and he leases his 
land at a good price fur oil purjui^es. He is a 



mau of sterling, loundaboiit common-seuse, of a 
pleasant, obliging disposition, a generous neigh- 
bor, and all that a man should he in his domestic 
relations — a devoted husband and an affectionate 
father. He is likewise loval in his citizenship to 
his native towniship and county, and the Repub- 
lican party finds in him a strong supporter. 

Mr. Sturgeon married. May 5, 1881, to Miss 
Rebecca S., daughter of Samuel and Sarah (Snod- 
gr.oss) Crow, who were Virginians by birth. They 
came to Ohio about 1853, and settled on a farm in 
Mercer County, where tlie father died soon after. 
The niotlier is still living. She well educated, 
and at one time taught school. Mrs. Sturgeon is 
gifted with a bright, intelligent, refined mind, and 
has a fine recordasate.acher of fourteen years' ex- 
perience, entering upon the profession when very 
young, receiving her first certificate when she was 
only thirteen years old. She is a sincere Chris- 
tian, and a member of the Presbyterian Church, 
ller marriage with our subject has brought them 
these three cliildren: Mary, William T. and 
Edward M. 

^S^EV. WILLI.\M .MILLER, an honore<l niin- 
\Vf^' ister of the Lnitcd Brethren Church, has 
^\ been preaching the Gospel for a half-cen- 
"' tnry. He is a man of true piety .and deep 
religious convictions, a Christian in word and 
deed, and has not only done good work in tlie 
church, but has thrown the weiglit of his in- 
fluence on the side of morality and right-living at 
all times, and made the community better for 
his residing in it. He owns forty acres of land in 
Union Townsliip. .\nglaize County. He rents his 
property but is at present residing on the place. 

Daniel Miller, the father of our subject, was 
born March 29, 1802. in Virginia. and is the son of 
Daniel Miller, who kept an hotel in Pickaway 
County, this State, during the War of 1812. The 
maiden naini' of our subject's motlior was Mary 

Ann Cole; she was born in Maryland in 1805, and 
was the daughter of Stephen Cole, a farmer by oc- 
cupation. Daniel Miller, Jr., was an infant when 
brought to tliis State by his parents, and here 
grew to manliood in Pickaway County. He was 
married December 5, 1822, in Fairfield County, 
and in 1835 moved to tliis localit}- and took up 
his abode in I'nion Township, on section 17. Tlie 
land was in a perfectly wild condition and Mr. 
Miller compelled to cut his way through the 
woods to his new home. He there erected a small 
log cabin and was residing on the farm at the time 
of bis decease, which occurred October 8, 1885. 
His good wife, who became the mother of eleven 
children, followed him to the better land November 
22, 1891. They were zealous membei-s of the 
United Brethren Churcli, in which body the father Class-leader for man}- years and a prominent 
singer. In politics, lie joined tlie Republican party 
on its organization. 

A native of Pickaway County, tiiis SLate, our 
subject was born .September 8, 1823, and, being 
reared on a farm, was given only a common-school 
education. When reaching his m.ajority, he was 
married November 15, 18-13, to Miss Elizabeth L., 
daughter of .Lames and Maria (Hoffman) Finlaw, 
n.atives of New Jersey, the father being born Jan- 
uary 26, 1799, and tlie motlier November 8, 1803. 
Mr. and jMrs. Finlaw emigrated to the Buckej'e 
.State in 1837, and took up their abode on a par- 
tially improved farm in this township, where they 
died in 1884 and 1880, respectively. They were 
good Christian people and were influential mem- 
bers of the United Brethren Church, though in 
former years they were members of the Baptist de- 
nomination. In politics, the father voted with the 
Republican party. 

Jlrs. Jliller. who was tlie only child born to her 
parents, was born February 13, 1825, in Salem 
Countv, N. .L, wliere she was given a fair educa- 
tion. Her husband became a member of the 
Methodist P2piscopal Church when fifteen years of 
a£e, and five vears later began preaching. He has 
since cast his lot with the United Brethren Cliurch 
and granted a license to preach, September 18, 
1842, in a quarterly conference, and was given a 
license March 31, 1845. in the annual conference. 




He has been assigned to preach at different places, 
and has never missed a single annual conference 
since he has been a member. llis ordination 
license was granted January IS, 1848, and during 
the greater portion of the time since that date be 
has traveled over his district as Presiding Kldcr. 

The first year in whicli the Rev. Mr. JMiller 
traveled as a preaclier, ho had twenty-four ap- 
pointments, and the distance around the circuit 
was three hundred miles, the entire journey being 
made on horseback through wood and marsh, and 
for thirteen years he never missed a single ap- 
pointment. He lias taken an active part in educii- 
tional matters, and lias served as Trustee of im- 
portant institutions. 

Mr. and Mi-s. Miller luive never been blessed 
with children of tlieir own. hut liave performed 
the part of parents to five orplians. tliree of whom 
are now living. Until a few years ago, our sub- 
ject has always voted tlie Ropulilican ticket, and 
at two different times was c'lndidate for Represen- 
tative on the Prohibition ticket, with which party 
he is now identified. Jlr. Jliller is the oldest 
minister in the conference, and has preached more 
funeral sermons tlian any other half-dozen min- 
isters. His wife is also an active worker in the 
church and whoever crosses her threshold is sure 
of a cordial welcome. 


^.|[OHN GRABIEL, oneof Oliio's native sons, 
was born in Licking County, on tlie Ttli of 
December, 181.'), and is now residing two 
miles southeast of Rushsylvania. wliere he 
owns a very fine farm, and a very pleasant and 
cozy lionie. He i> one of tlie pioneer settlei-s of 
this section and is a man who is strictly temperate 
in every respect. lie lia.-^ never used tobacco in 
any form, was never drunk, and has not t.asted 
strong drink for forty years. He lias ahvay- en- 
joyed the best of liealtli, owing no doulit to liis 
temperate habits, and was never so ill but that he 
could care for himself. He is greatly respected for 

his honesty and uprightness, has a host of warm 
friends and not an enemy in the world. 

John Grabiel, father of our subject, a native 
Virginian, born in Shenandoah County in 1797, 
the only son of Jacob Grabiel, who was of German 
descent and a member of the Duukard Church. John 
Grabiel married in the Old Dominion to Miss 
Jlay, a native of that State, born in 1708, and 
also of German descent, and directly afterwards lo- 
cated on a farm in his native State, where he re- 
mained until 181.5. Then learning of the fertile 
fields of Ohio, he emigrated to this State and set- 
tled on a farm in Licking County. He resided on 
three different farms, the last one being three miles 
Northwest of Utica. and after living there for some 
time moved to Utica where his death occurred in 
18.52. He and his wife were members of the United 
Presbyterian Church. In politics, he was a Demo- 
crat until 1852 when he voted the Free Soil ticket. 
His wife died in 18.5:3, and they are buried side bv 
side in I'tica cemetery. 

Ten of the thirteen children born to the parents 
of our subject grew to mature" j-ears, three having 
died in infancy. Hannah married Shredrick Goff 
and died leaving four children; David died in 
1892; Catherine is deceased; Elizabeth married 
Jacob Rabb and died leaving three children, one 
of whom died in the army; John is our subject; 
Margaret is the nest in the family circle; Jacob 
resides in Rush Creek Township; :Mary Ann mar- 
ried John Deary, and died leaving one child: 
George is deceased, and Aaron makes his home in 
Rush Creek Township. 

Our subject, the fifth child and second son, was 
reared in his native county and walked two miles 
to the subscription schools, taught in a log school- 
house with gre.ased paper for windows, mud and 
stick chimney, and all the other clumsy c(_intriv- 
ances of early days. During the latter part of his 
schoolboy days he attended school in a hewn-log 
house in Licking County. He also attended night 
school and studied grammar, thus havinar the ad- 
vantage of many of the children of iiis dav. When 
not attending school he was activelv engao-ed in 
assisting his father ou the farm and remained with 
his parents unlil 1817, when he came to Loiran 
County. He and his brother .Jacob had bouylit 



four huudiecl aud forty-eight acres in 1846, in 
Riisli Creek Township, the farm where our 
subject now resides, and there were about eight 
acres cleared at that time. On tliis iT*ir subject 
located and began tlie work of clearriig and im- 
luoving. He built a hewn-log house, two stories 
in height, and worked on his farm, hoarding witli 
different families for ten years. 

.Satisfied that he could bring a wife to a com- 
fortable home, our subject was married on the 31st 
of December, 1857, to Miss .Sarah D. Tharp, a n.a- 
tive of Jefferson Townsliip, Logan County, born 
on the 28th of November, 1834, of the union of 
William and Jlary (P'pley) Tharp, natives respect- 
ively of Virginia and New, Jersey. 3Ir. Tharp was 
one of the earliest settlers of Logan County, was 
Overseer of tlie Poor, and a man highly respected 
bv all. He was an Elder in the church for fifty 
years and was President at the organization of 
old Tharp Run church in Jefferson Township, the 
same being named in honor of him. He was the 
father of five children, Mrs. Gr.abiel being the 
fourth in order of birth. He was honored and 
esteemed for his many estimable qualities, peace- 
able and unassuming in bis m.anner, never had a 
lawsuit, never took a taste of intoxicating liquor 
in his life, and never but one dose of medicine, 
lie passed away when seveut3'-six years of age. 

Our subject brought his bride to a good lujme 
and on this farm they have resided ever since, the 
former engaged in agricultural pursuits and stock 
raising, at which he excels. His union was blessed 
by the birth of nine cliildren, six daughtei-s and 
three sons, viz: Luthera Q. died at the age of three 
years; Mary E. died when .about eleven months 
old; 'William H. married Miss Bessie Hopkins, of 
Pokes Creek Township; ElmaV. isthe wifeof Pi-of. 
C. S. D. Shawan, professor of the school at Utica. 
(The latter "s brother Jacob is Superintendent of tlie 
schools of Columbus). John W. is Superintendent 
of the schools at Belle Centre, Oliio; Herman H. 
married :Miss Blancli Williams; R. Olga is the wife 
of Charles Ansley, a photographer, of Rushsylvania; 
S. Libbie, and Anna Lois are at home. All were 
born and reared on the farm where our suliject now 
resides. Mr. Grabiel owns two luiiidred and 
twentv-forlv acres in the homestead, one humhed 

and seventy-eight acres in Bokes Creek Township, 
and one hundred and eight acres about a mile 
southeast of the home pl.ace near Walnut Grove, 
five hundred and nine acres in all. He has one of 
the very best farms in the county, and there is not 
an acre of the soil that could not be tilled. In 
connection with farming, lie been quite exten- 
sively engaged in stock-raising and has been very 
successful. In politics, he has been a Repblican 
since the formation of that part}' and is still an 
advocate of its principles. He and his wife are 
meinl)ers of the Presbyterian church m Rushsyl- 
vania, of which he has been a member since seven- 
teen years of age, and has been active in all 
church work, having served as Elder. Mrs. Gr.abiel 
is a lady in the true sense of that term and is one 
of the noted housekeepers of her section. 

A portrait of Mr. Grabiel accompanies this sketch 
of his life. 


\tj'EROME B. WALTON is one of the pro- 
gressive farmers and well-to-do citizens of 
^^ I Union Township, Auglaize County. He 
^i^f/ operates one hundred and sixt^'-niue acres 
of valuable land on section 5, which farm is recog- 
nized as one of the best in the county. It is com- 
plete in all its appointments, its arrangements hav- 
ing been made with an ej-e to convenience, and it 
seems to be lacking in no particular. 

.Joseph B. and Susan (Brintling) Walton, the 
parents of our subject, are natives respectively of 
Marvland and Ohio. The father was bora in 1805, 
and was brought l)y his parents to this State when 
a small boy, being reared to manhood in the vicin- 
ity of Circleville. Mrs. Walton was born in Pick- 
away Count}', while her parents hailed from Penn- 
sylvania. After their marriage, Mr. and Mrs. 
Walton resided for a time in Fairfield County, and 
in 1836 took up their abode in this section, locat- 
ing upon the farm where our subject is at pres- 
ent residing. When he arrived here, he had 
but io in money, a cow and oue hur;e. He 



erected a round-log house on the land, which 
was in a perfectly wild state, and b_v hard work, 
cleared a large portion of tlie place. They reared 
a family of nine children, only two of whom arc 
now living. The father departed this life in 
1853, being followed to the better land by his wife, 
she dying in 1870. Mr. and Mrs. Walton were 
conscientious membei-s of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, being regular attendants and active 
workers in all the meetings of that body. In his 
political relations, the former w.os a stanch Demo- 

Jerome B. Walton born May 27, 1833, in 
Franklin County, this State, and was three years 
of age when brought to this county by his parents. 
The school advantiges in that early day are noth- 
ing to be compared with the opportunities af- 
forded the youth of the present generation, and. 
like other farmer lads, our subject's education was 
limited. Ilis father being in poor health, he 
comiielled to go to work when quite young, to 
aid in the support of the family. In 1844, they 
had the misfortune to all bo sick at once, the farm 
work suffering to such an extent that not even an 
ear of corn was raised. After the death of his 
father, our subject remained at home and carried 
on the estate, and later bought the interest of tlie 
other heirs. 

Miss Susan, daughter of Leonard and Elizabeth 
(Wingard) Sellars, was united in marriage with 
our subject in 1858, Mi-s. Walton, who born 
March 16, 1837, in Bucks Countv, Pa., became the 
mother of six children, of whom we make the fol- 
lowing mention of the three living: Xeola, now Mrs. 
J. C. Watt, who resides in this township, as does 
also Eliza Ellon. :\Irs. Frank Rigdon; and F. P., 
wlio married ^Mi.-^s Etta Lusk.and lives on the home 

As before stated, Mr. Walton is engaged in gen- 
oral farming, having one hundred and twenty 
acres of the estate under good cultivation. The 
farm is adorned with all the needful outbuildings, 
and a comfortable residence m which the family 
reside was erected by himself. In local affairs, he 
has been School Director for the past thirty years. 
Assessor four years and Land Appraiser in 1880- 
S)0. He has also been the incumbent of the office of 

Township Trustee, and in politics is a stanch ad- 
herent of the Democrat party. Mrs. Walton holds 
membership in the Lutheran Church, and is a lady 
of benevolcn' impulses, to whom the destitute 
never ajipeal or aid in vain. 

^t^ ^f ILLIAM T nx\l LAND, who takes a lead- 
ing part in the manufactiu-ing interests of 
Hellefontaine, is one of its most public- 
spirited and enterprising citizens, and occupies the 
position of Treasurer of the Chichester A- Haviland 
Company, manufacturers of chairs and settees. lie 
occupies a high position among the keen and suc- 
cessful business men of this city, where he is ablv 
conducting his extensive interests. 

The onginal of this sketch, who born in 
Dutchess County, X. Y., February 23, 1860, is tlie 
son of .1. C. and Eliz.abeth (Townsend) Haviland, 
also natives of that State. The father, who has 
been a very successful business man. is now living 
a retired life in Plaintield. X. .T. William T., of 
this sketch, reared in his native State, and re- 
ceived an excellent education in a boarding-school. 
When a youth, he entered a store at Millbrook, 
N. Y.. as a clerk, and. after being thus employed 
for two years, moved to Poughkeepsie, where he 
was likewise employed in a carpet store for eis:h- 
teen months. Thence making his way West to Chi- 
cago, young Haviland opened a wholesale chair 
house, conducting business under the firm name of 
Chichester A- Haviland. They were suecessfullv 
engaged in tlie Garden City fur two years, and in 
Septemljer. 188G, purch.ased their present plant in 
this city, whicli then owned b}- Dickinson 
A- Estey. 

On becoming identified with the business inter- 
ests of this city, our subject formed a stock com- 
pany for the manufacture of chairs, with F. Chiches- 
ter as President: F.I. Chichester. Vice-president; 
W. B. Chichester. Secretary, and W. T. Haviland. 
Treasurer. They have latoiv phiccd in their fac- 



tory $4,000 worth of new niachineiy and have in 
their employ over two hundred men, women and 
children, which large force enables them to turn out 
an average of three hundred chairs per day. 

The Chichester ct Haviiand Company is one of 
the leading concerns in tlie State of Ohio, the 
father of the President having been the first man 
to manufacture chairs by machinery in the United 
States. Our subject, who is still a young man, 
manifests great ability in his present position,-and 
is one of whom it will be said ere long that his 
life has been crowned with financial success. He 
is public-spirited and takes pride in conscientiously 
fulfilling the obligations, both great and small, im- 
posed upon him, and is higlily esteemed by his 
business associates. 

August 1, 1888, William T. llaviland and Miss 
Tempa. daughter of Judge William Lawrence, were 
united in marriage. To them have been born one 
daughter, Elizabeth., our subject is a 
member of the Kniglits of Pythias, Royal Arcanum 
and the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 
He is a member of the Democratic party in politics, 
and, tliough by no means an otfice-seeker, is greatly 
interested in the welfare of his party. 

ILLIAM M. LINN. The Democratic Times. 
iJf published at Wapakoneta. is a journal 

'^^/ well known in Auglaize County and the 
adjoining country .as a medium of information re- 
garding the news of the d.ay, affairs in which the 
people of the locality are especially interested and 
various matters which pertain to the good of all 
humanity. Of this sheet Mi: Linn is proprietor 
and editor-in-chief, and in its control he is adding 
to an already established reputation as a newspaper 
man. Although quite a young man, he has had 
some years' experience in tlie fields of journalism, 
and knows well how to liandle the enterprise he 
has in hand. 

Our subject was born in Greenfield. Highland 
Countv. this State, August 5. 1857, and is the son 

of William .S. and Jlary Linn. His educational 
advantages were very limited, he never having en- 
tered a schoolhousc for the purpose of studying 
since twelve yeareof age. B3' careful observation, 
however, and strict attention to business, he has 
acquired a good practical education, which has 
made him a successful business man. 

In 1870, Jlr. Linn, in company with his parents, 
moved to Indiana, where he served as "printer's 
devil" in the oflfice of the Union Citj' Eagle. In 
1877, in partnership with Cal Bidlack, he estab- 
lislied the Versailles Policy, which they published 
for a short time. In 1883, Mr. Linn left that city 
and going to Greenville, this State, started the 
Greenville Advocate, which he sold out five years 
later, and, locating in Wapakoneta, began the pub- 
lication of the Democratic Times. It is one of the 
leading papers in the county, and has a large cir- 
culation, finding its way into the homes of the 
best people in this section, and is well deserving of 
the patronage which it receives. Mr. Linn is a 
self-m.ade man in the true acceptance of that term, 
as he started out in life with no capital whatever, 
and is now at the of a growing business. 

While residing in Versailles, Mr. Linn, Septem- 
ber 29, 1878, was united in marriage with Miss 
Isabella, daughter of Joseph and Rebecca Rada- 
baugh, aud to them have been born four sons, 
namely, Willie J., Ernest Lee, George Ward, and 
Edward R. Our subject is a genial, quick-witted 
man, whose keen observation and habitsof thought 
afford him much pleasure as well as form a lever 
i to advance his financial interests. He is a promi- 
' nent member of the Knights of Pythias, and votes 
I the straight Democratic ticket, having cast his firet 
Presidential vote for Win field S. Hancock. 

y<^'EORGE F. FREYMAN. Were mention to 

]i, be made of the farmers of Duchouquet 

\Vv_Z^ Township, Auglaize County, without giv- 
ing a prominent place to this gentleman, certainly 
an injustice would be done both to himself and 
the coiiimunitv. His excellent farm is located on 



section 21, and contains a fine set of farm build- 
ings well adapted to their various uses. He has 
introduced on his place many improvements, and 
evidences of his thrifty management may be seen 
on every hand. He has been very prominent in 
local affairs, and for twelve years was Deputy 
Slieriff of this county, and for one year was tlie 
incumbent of tlie shrievalty. 

.Tohn Mcirris Freyman. tlic father of our subject, 
was a native of Bavaria, liis birth occurring in 
1771. He was a farmer by occupation, and served 
for a number of years in the Austrian army, fight- 
ing against Napoleon Bonaparte from 1794 until 
1800, being in active service that entire period, 
lie was an Aide to Gen. ."^eckendorf.and in 180G 
was Aide to Gen. Holienlohe, also fighting against 
Xapoleon at tliat time. 

The maiden name of our subject's mother was 
>[arguerctta Barbara Mullfinger, also a native of 
Bavaria, whence slie emigrated to America with 
lier family in 182S. They settled first in Xorthami)- 
ton County. Pa., where her father was engaged in 
w(3rk, being in very limited circumstances. He 
liad been very wealthy in the old country-, but had 
been deprived of his possessions by the long-con- 
tinued wars. After spending eighteen months in 
tlie Keystone .State, the parents of our subject 
came to Ohio, wliere they located in Butler County, 
and in August. 18o.'3. came to Allen, afterward 
Auglaize County, where the father entered a tr.act 
of land on section 33. of this township. The sur- 
rounding country- in its primitive condition, 
and the Indians still inhabited this portion of the 
State. .Mr. Freyman, with his sons, set indus- 
triously about clearing and improving his estate, 
on which he was residing at the time of his death, 
in isi;:;. He fi.illowed to the better land a 
few years later by his wife, who died in l^6'J. 
They were members in good standing of the 
I.utheran Church, and were held in high esteem by 
their niinierou; friends. 

lie of whom we write was the youngest in a 
family of eight cliilihen. l)eingl)oni Xnveinber 1 1. 
1828. in Pennr-yivania. He was a lad of live years 
when he .accompanied his parents to this .State.and 
as he was oliliged to aid in uperatiiig ihe new 
farm. was permitted toatl.-ml -chool Iml >ix mouths. 

He grew to manhood on the old homestead, and in 
18.5.3 married to Margaret Elizabeth, daughter 
of Christian and Henrietta Heubuer, also natives 
of Germany. 

The wife of our subject, who was born Feb- 
ruary 14, 1834, in Hesse-DarmsUadt, emigrated to 
America in 1854, and the following year was mar- 
ried to 'Mr. Freyman. They located in AVapako- 
neta. where our subject owned .a store a short time 
and then conducted an hotel. He later contracted 
to build the Dayton it 3Iiehigan Railroad to that 
village, and after its comiiletion moved on to a 
farm in this township. 

In .Inly. 18(32. Mr. Freyman enlisted in the Union 
army, joining the Band of Company I, Twentieth 
Ohio Infantry. He .acted in the Ambulance Corps, 
and was one of ten who volunteered their ser- 
vices to go to the front during a battle. He re- 
ceived his honorable discharge after a service of 
two years. Mr. Freyman then returned home, his 
affaii-s having been ably conducted in the mean- 
time by his efficient and intelligent wife. In 1865, 
he removed to Hamilton, this State, and engaged 
with his brother in the brewing business. Two 
vears later, however, he returned to Wapakoneta 
and took the contr.act to build the St. John's Pike, 
which was seven miles in length. 

In C)clober. 18()8. Mr. Freyman locateil on his 
present farm, wliich then bore but little resem- 
blance to its now prosperous condition. In .lanu- 
ary of the following year, he went to California in 
order to settle the estate of his brother, who liad 
died there, ami returned home in .lune of that 
jear. He is the proprietor of two hundred acres 
of excellently improved land, nearly all of which 
is under the best methods of cultivati^m. 

(If the twelve children born t(i Mi. ami Mis. 
Freyman. nine are now living, namelv: Fred 
William. Charles Theodore, George \'alentine. 
Bertha I-'rederika. Kmma Henrietta. ^Villi:lm Ed- 
ward, .lohn Louis, Louisa JLatilda. and .bilui M<.ir- 
ris. The eldest son married .Samantha Morris, and 
makes his home in Wapakoneta: Bertha F. is the 
wife of Jacob.Johu Ilaus, and resides at St. Maiv's. 
Mr. and Mrs. Freyman are members of the Luth- 
eran Cliurch. and are active in all the wurkiiiLis (if 
that body. They have ifiven llieir cliildieii L;u(.'d 



educations, and our subject has served as a mem- 
ber of the School Board. In social affaii-s, he is a 
Giand Army man. and in politics votes a straight 
Democratic ticket, on which he was elected Town- 
ship Trustee. He is one of the most iuHuential 
citizens of his township, and his life affords a 
splendid illustration of the power of patience and 
perseverance in promotinar the prosperity of the 
individual and crowning his labors with complete 

'^' ESSE JENKINS is a man whom Nature 
seems to have especially designed to be a 
farmer, for he has met with more than the 
'\2>' ordinary degree of success in pursuing that 
calling, and owing to his desire to keep out of the 
beaten path, and to his adoption of new and im- 
proved methods, together with industry and good 
judgment, he is now one of the substantial men of 
the county. He is the owner of one of the rich- 
est, most productive and best-kept farms in his 
section, and on this he has a good house and sub- 
stantial and commodious barns and outbuildings. 
AVide-awakc and enterprising, he has made all his 
property by his own exertions, and deserves much 
credit for his perseverance and industry. 

His immediate progenitor, Samuel Jenkins, was 
a native of the Keystone State, born June 26, 
1778, and came to Ross County, Ohio, wlien a 
young man. His father, William Jenkins, a 
native of Wales, and was a single man when he 
came to the United States. He settled in Penn- 
sylvania and there p.ossed the remainder of his 
days. Samuel Jenkins was married in Ross 
County. Ohio, to Miss Anna CiHiney, a native of 
Maryland, and after marriage followed the trade 
of a whochvriglit for some time. Later, lie came to 
Logan Cuunty. Ohio, located on a farm in 
McArthur Tiiwn<liip. nicived from there to North- 
wood. Logan County, thence to a farm in Belle 
Centre, Richland Township, this county, and 
tinallv to Hardin Cuuntv. Ohio, where his death 

occurred in 1860. The following year the wife 
followed him to the grave, and they were buried 
side by side in the Kenton cemetery. They were 
the parents of thirteen children, eight of wliora 
reached manhood and womanhood, and two of 
whom are now living, one lieside our subject, 
Mrs. Rebecca Lockhart. 

Jesse Jenkins, the eldest son and tliird child, 
first saw the liglit of day in Ross County, Ohio, on 
the 18th of August. 1822, and his early days were 
p;issed in assisting his father on the farm, and in 
attending the primitive log sclioolhouse of pioneer 
days. His first scholastic training was received in 
Marion County, Ohio, but when his father moved 
to Logan County, this State, he conned his lessons 
in a log sclioolhouse with greased paper for 
window lights, a big fireplace four feet wide, with 
stick chimney, and like contrivances of tliatpeiiod. 
His knowledge of the world was only such as 
could be learned upon the home farm, and he was 
actively engaged in assisting to clear the home 
pl.ace until thirty years of age. When twent}-- 
onc jears of age, he attended school in a frame 
house, and by bis studious and careful attention 
to his books secured a fairly good education. 

L'ntil thirty years of age, all our subject's earn- 
ings went to support the famil}', but about that 
time his brother-in-law i-ented a farm and bought 
a threshing-machine, which our subject and he 
operated for about three years. When thirty-five 
years of age, or in 18,j9, Mr. .Jenkins selected a 
life companion in the person of Miss Elizabeth A. 
Bennett, a native of Logan County, Ohio, born in 
1830. The result of this union was the birth of 
seven children: Samuel, Claribel, Marietta. Will- 
iam, Lizzie M.. Carrie M. (who died when eight 
years of age), and Amanda J., all enjoying single 
blessedness. The wife and mother died June 26. 

In the same year as his marriage, our subject 
settled where he now resides, and although his 
first liome a rude log cabin, and his place had 
very few improvements on it. he went vigorously 
to work to clear his farm of the heavy timber 
with which Nature bad covered it. Assisted by 
his andiitious and economical wife, who was a 
true helpmate indeed, he began gradually, and 



aftei- much bard work and many privations, to 
gather around liim many comforts and con- 
veniences, lie is n(]W the owner of one liundrcd 
and eif^lity-seven acres of excellent land, tlie most 
of which is under cultivation, and all of which he 
has cleared with his own hnnds, and besides has 
cleared two other farms. He has been an indefat- 
igable worker, and all his property has been 
.iceumulated by strict attention to business and 
greit exertion on his part. lie is one of the 
prominent farmers of Rush Creek Township, and 
one of its m(Jst worthy and upright citizens. He 
is a member of the Disciples Church. Formerly a 
Whig in politirs, his first vote was for Henry 
Clay, liut he is now a stanch Republican and 
npliolds the platform of that part\'. Aside from 
his extensive farming interests, Mr. Jenkins is also 
engaged in stock-raising, and makes a success of 
this, as he does of all else he nndertakes. 

— ^ •l">->4* i. 

(^ ft.ILI.IAM MILH()LL.\ND,>I. D.. has been 
\r\ll identified with the medical profession of 
V^^ Shelby County for sixteen years, or since 
187(3, and a leading physican of .'^idney for the 
p.ast two years. He is personally well suited to 
the profession he has clnisen, and he lias given 
himself the Ijcnefit of all the opportunities avail- 
able in tins country. He is a very popular man, 
both in his profession and out of it. and has a 
host 11 friends and admirers. The Doctor was 
born ill Ihitler County. Ohio, on the lOth of .luly, 
IS.')!!, t(j the marriage of tieorge and Mary Ann 
(Meriiig) Milholland, the father one of the oldest 
settlers of Butler County, Ohio. 

The paternal grandfalher of our suljject. Thomas 
Milholland. wa? a native of the green i-^le <if I^rin, 
and came with his parents to .America when but 
a small boy. Tliey settlc(l in Indiana at a very 
early date, and although tlie country where tliey 
decided to locate was wild and unsettled and In- 
dians were plentiful, the grandfather was r g(,iod 
niarkjiuan and liad liulf tVar. He reared thirteen 

children, most of whom still live, and became 
prominently identified with that part of tlie State. 
His son. George Milholland, father of our subject, 
was born in Indiana in December, 1811, and was 
reared in Franklin County of that State. When 
a young man. he came with an uncle to the Buck- 
eye State, and branched out for himself as an ag- 
riculturist, becoming a very successful and prac- 
tical farmer. He worked hard at the time of his 
death, which occurred in 1878, and was the owner 
of an excellent farm. He left a family of seven 
children, all of whom are living: .John, now a 
physician of Winterset. Iowa; Charlotte, wife of 
Tobias Sl}eich, of .'^utton, Xeb.; Thomas, of San 
Diego, Cal.; our subject; Anna, wife of Arnold 
York, of Nebraska; Dr. David (who read medicine 
with our subject), who resides at Junction, Ohio; 
and Eddie, who is on the old f.arm. The mother 
of these children bore the maiden name of Marv 
Ann Mering. and a native of Maryland. She 
was the daughter of John Mering, who moved 
to Ohio at quite an early date, and engaged in the 
milling business in Butler County. Ohio. He was 
killed b}' a horee. His wife, whose maiden name 
was Elizabeth Buttonburg, was one of the earlv 
settlers of Butler County, Ohio. 

The subject of this brief sketch received his 
early education in Oakland Academy in Butler 
County. Ohio, and later attended school at New 
London, or Paddy's Run. as the postottice is 
called. The school ,-it that place, and the one our 
subject attended, was organized by the latter's fa- 
ther and others, who maintained it for many 
years. Afterward, young Milholland attended 
the Ohio Normal School at Lebanon, was then 
with his father for some time, and subsequentlv 
began reading medicine with Dr. P. H. Brooks, 
now of Lima. He took a course of medical lec- 
tures at Miami Jledical College. Cincinnati, in the 
Classes of '7:!, '7.i. and '76. and afterward located 
at Pemherton, where he practiced in the town and 
surrounding Country for nearly twelve vears. and 
met with the best of succe>s. After this, he went 
to Bradford, where he had property, remaining 
there two years, but in IMS'J he returned ti> Sid- 
ney, where he has already built up a ^ood prac- 
tice, also retaininir a large share of iii; piactice in 

3 20 


Pemberton. He has purchased a fine brick resi- 
dence in Sidne\', and has his office on Main Ave- 
nue. At Bradford, he also owns a good residence, 
and at Pemberton he owns considerable real estate, 
all of which he has made by his practice. lie also 
believes in life insurance, and is insured in an old- 
line company for $5,000. He is a member of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and is a mem- 
ber of the Shelby Medical Society, also of the Ohio 
State Medical Society. 

On the 13th of September, 1883, he married Miss 
Xettie M. Wilkinson, a native of Pemberton, Ohio, 
and the daughter of Jacob P. Wilkinson. Five 
children have blessed this union: George W., Olive 
F.. Arnold Ray, Pearl M.ay, and one who died in 
infancy. Although formerly a member of the Con- 
gregational Church, Mr. and Mrs. MilhoUand now 
hold membership m the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and he is chorister of the Sunday-school 
and director of the choir. He has given consider- 
able attention to music, especially vocal, which he 
used to teach, and is considered authority on all 
musical subjects. He and Mrs. MilhoUand are 
members of the Good Templars, and he is Deputy 
of the lodge. 

The Doctor is the owner of two fine colts from 
"Kitty M.," of Morgan and Jlambrino strain on 
the dam's side, one sired by '•Stockwell,"' son of 

J' 1 OIIN P. COST, Suiwrintendcnt of the Belle- 
I fontaine Carriage Body Company, is lecog- 
nized as a man of superior attainments and 
^^_j; one well calculated to be classed among the 
prominent business men of Logan County. He 
was born October 25, 1841. in Greene County, this 
State, and is the son of Anthony and Anna (Gui- 
singer) Cost, natives respectively of Maryland and 

The ancestors of our subject were natives of 
Germany, and his father, who came to this State in 
1838, when a young man, was married in Greene 

County. He was a merchant in early life, and 
spent his latter days in railroading. He de- 
parted this life in Indianapolis, Ind., in the year 
1884, and his widow, who is still living, makes 
her home in Omaha, Neb. Our subject was the 
eldest in the parental family of nine children, all 
of whom are living. He attended school in Fair- 
field and Quincy, this State, but his advant.ages for 
securing an education were limited, as at the age 
of fourteen years he left school, and served an ap- 
prenticeship of four years at the trade of body- 
making, with Emery Bros., of this cit^'. 

In 18Gl,on the outbreak of theCivil War, young- 
Cost enlisted in the three-months service, in Com- 
pany A, Thirteenth Ohio Infantry, which was the 
first company to leave Logan County. On the ex- 
piration of his term of service, in September of 
the same year, he re-enlisted in the First Ohio In- 
fantry, serving his country faithfulh- and well 
until September 9, 1864, when he was honorably 
discharged with the title of He parti- 
cipated in the battles of Pittsburgh Landing, siege 
of Corinth, and Murfreesboro. He afterward served 
with the Pioneer and Pontoon Corps, and for 
.about six months lay in a hospital, having been 
afflicted with a chronic disease. 

On being mustered out of the service, Mr. Cost 
went to D.ayton .and worked at his trade until 
18tJ9, at which time he came to this city and was 
employed as foreman with the Miller Carriage 
Company, which position he occupied until the 
organization of the present firm, of which he was 
elected President. In Api'il. 1889, he was made 
Superintendent of the factory, which under his 
supervision and management haa grown to be one 
of the leading body works in this part of the State. 
The institution, of which he was the originator, 
was started on a small scale. He, as a practical 
workman himself, employs none but skilled men, 
whom tlie company pays well for their services. 

Mr. Cost and Miss Mary E. Heffner, of D.ayton, 
were married in 1868. Their famih' of three chil- 
dren bear the respective names of Charles E., Mary 
L. and John II. Our subject is a member of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows and passed 
all the chairs in the ciicam|inient. lie is also a 
member of the Uoval Arcanum, in which order he 


Oliver Corwin. 



hoUls tlie position of .Secretary. A devoted mem- 
ber of the Ev.Tugelical Churcli. lie lias 
held the position of Elder for the eighteen 
years and is among its most earnest workers, lie labored hard and his success has not been at- 
tained without diiHculties. but his life verities the 
belief tliat e\'erything is po.^silile to the man pos- 
ses'iing energy and good judgment. 

. =^^mmm-^-mMmfi^^ 

M\KR C'ORWIN. This iirominent farmer 

Jj and stock-dealer is one of the many who 
have spent the greater portion of their lives 
in developing the country, tliat their children and 
children's children might enjoy the advantages 
which they themselves were denied. In truth, we 
of to-day are the heirs of all ages and profit by the 
lalior and self-denial of the hard-working classes 
of times past. .Mr. Cornin was born in Pickaway 
County. Ohio, near Circleville. on the 26th of De- 
cember, 1810, to the union of P. and Mary M. 
(Dovenbarger) C'orwin. native.-, of I'enii.-iylvania 
and (Germany respectively. 

The father attained to manhood in liis native 
Slate, was married there, and many years later went 
to Indiana, where his death occurred five years af- 
terwards. Tlie mother came to .\merica with her 
parents when but a child, and her first m.-u-riage 
was to Thomas Hall, by wlioni ?lii- had two c_-liildren. 
a son and daughter: .lohn. who died when small, 
and JMargarct, who m.irried (ieorge .Moots and 
reared a large family. I'.y the second marriage. 
Mrs. C'orwin became the mothei- of se\en cliihlren. 
who were named in the order of tlieir births a> 
follows: .lohn. Oliver (our >ubjecl ). Daniel. 
Phineas, ( leorge Thomas, ^lary .\mi. and .lacoh. 
Wlien the eldest child was fifteen ye:irs of a;;caiid 
the yiiun2i-t lull >ix nnuitlis. the father dier]. and 
tlie iiKjtlier :iftrrw:ird reiiioved witli her f:iiiiily tn 
l.og:in (_*c>iiiit,\. Ohi.). sfltling ill .Ietf.'r>nn 'I'owii- 
shiii, alxuit on,, mile s(Uilh "f Z:iiii><field, whiMv -he 
rented :i riiiiii. There llic f:iiiiily iniiMiiied :iIhiiiI 
five ye:ii> :uid the liiotlier kept the childieii In- 

getlier until they were gn.iwii and married. She 
lived to be sixty years of .age and died in Hush 
Creek Townsliiii. this county. She widelv and 
favorably known fiu' her many excellent and wo- 
manly qualities and was a devoted mother and a 
true and faithful friend. 

The subject of thus .--ketch i.- a self-made 
and all his accumulations are the result of hard 
work and strict attention to business. From an 
early age he Ijecame accustomed to hard labor and 
tlie first money he earned was in a mill in Monroe 
Township. Logan Couiily. On the 28tli of Febru- 
ary, 1833, he was united in m:uriage with Miss 
.lane Daugherty, who waij born in .leflfeixui Town- 
ship, Logan County, Ohio, on the 14th of .Iiilv, 
18111, the eldest daughter of .larvis and Hannah 
(Marriinans) Daughert;-, the fathera native of I Ihio 
and the mother of .South Carolina, Mr. and Mrs, 
Daugherty were the lii-st settlers of Logan t ouiitv. 
and when they located there Inilian> and wild an- 
imals abounded. 

At the time of his marriage, our subject had 
-?120 in money and a two-year-old colt. He located 
on a rented farm belonging to his father-in-law, in 
.lelTerson Towusliip, and on this he remained for 
about five yeai-s. He .-ubsequenlly bought eiglit\- 
acres of wild land where he now resides, and on it 
erected a lou' hou>e. l.Sx20 feet, with one little 
window, and inimeiise fireplace with a stick and 
mud chimney. The door had a wuoden latch with 
.-triiig. the roof was made of cla|)lx)ard>, and in 
this rude haiiitation this hopeful and ambiliims 
young couple lieg;in their struggle for a home. 
His ax was the tirst to elear the ground i.f 
the heavy timber with which it was covered and 
his strong arms converted the wilderness into 
a fertile and blooming tract of country. He sulj- 
sec|uently added to the original tract sixt\-two 
:icic's and continued adding to this until he imw 
owns line thousand acres in Rush Creek :ind lioke,-- 
Creek Townships. .Mrs. Corwin had her share of 
the hard w(.rk aiKi stood faithfully liy her hii~b.-ind'- 
side during the nil- and downs nf life. She iliil 
her own weaving and iii.-ide .-ill the c-hillipv ..viii ii li\ 
her large family. 

The childri'U. fifteen i il.i'r. iM>ni to Mr. 

and ( orwin wrn- :i- follou,: .huvi- D.. who -,.| n rd 



four yeui-s in the Civil AVar. escaping without 
a w.nuKl. died on tlie 7tli of :Mai-cli. 1888: 
:Martha Ann, wife of George Brockeruian. resides 
in Rushsylvania; Pliineas. who resides in Rusli 
Creek Township; Henry at home with our subject; 
Hannah, who died in infancv; Israel, a resident of 
Rush Creek Townshiii; Abi. .am, Isaac and Jacob, 
triplets, born alive but who shortly afterward died; 
Joseph died in infancy; Williain and Oliver D., 
both residing in Kusli Creek Township; Mary Jane, 
who died at the age of seven years; Zaclieas. who 
died when five years old. and Margaret Ann, wife 
of E. ■\Vickersham,of Rush Creek Township. Our 
subject votes for the man in local affairs, but his 
Presidential vote is cast with the Democratic party. 
He was Supervisor for seven years and also held 
the position of School Director for many years. He 
is one of the leading farmers and stockmen of the 
county and is an honest, respected citizen. 

The portraits of IMr. and Mrs. Corwin are pre- 
sented elsewhere in this volume. 

<|^1LISHA R. FREEMAN. >r. D. The city of 
IWj AVap.akoneta is not without her share of 
i — ■:: membei-s of the le.-vrned professions, who arc 
a credit to the pursuit they have chosen and to the 
town itself. Among tliose who have taken up the 
calling of a medical practitioner is Dr. Freeman, 
who devotes himself assiduously to his practice 
and the scientific investigations which will enhance 
his professional knowledge and skill. IIo is well 
established in reputation as a physician and is re- 
cognized among the ablest of AVestcim Ohio. 

Our subject was born in Saratoga County, X. Y., 
October 20, 1842. and is a son of I.saac and Harriet 

(Knight) Freemai 
.■^tate. His father, was a man 
versed in the law. 
Justice of Ih.- I'.:i< 

,. al-o natives of the Empire 
who was a farmer by occupa- 
of niui-h learning, being well 
He occupied the position of 
V f..r a iiuinher of \cars ami de- 

parted tliis life in IMlii). .Mr. ai 

d .Mrs, Isaac F 

man were the parents of three sons and three 
daughters, five of whom are living. 

The gentleman whose name beads this sketch 
was the youngest son in the parental family, and 
received his early training in the public schools of 
his native county. He later attended the schools 
in Fairfield, N. Y., where he was prosecuting his 
studies on the outbreak of the late war. Abandon- 
ing his books, he enlisted in 1861, becoming a 
member of Company II, First New York Cavalry, 
which disbanded a short time after with thirty 
thousand men. Mr. Freeman immediately rc-en- 
listed in the .Seven tj'-seventh New Y'ork Infantry 
and participated in many of the important battles, 
being discharged in the winter of 1863, having 
been wounded at the battle of Fredericksburg. He 
was sei'iously hurt while crossing the pontoon 
bridge across Aqua Creek, at which time the bridge 
was cut loose and Mr. Freeman was struck with a 
plank. He Lay for some time at White Oak Church 
and then sent to Washington, where he re- 
ceived his honorable discharge. During his ser- 
vice in the cavalry, he occupied the office of Sec- 
ond Lieutenant and in the infantry acted as Cor- 
poral of his corap.any. 

For two or three years after returning from the 
war, Jlr. F'reeman was unable to do anj' manual 
labor, but during that time completed his educa- 
tion and began reading medicine. Still being in 
ill health, he continued farming until 1878, when, 
going to Cincinnati, he was graduated from the 
Pulte Medical College with the Class of '83. Re- 
turning to Wapakoneta. Dr. Freeman engaged in 
the pr.actice of his profession and has long been 
considered a permanent member of the fraternity 

In 1876, our subject visited the Western coun- 
try and again in 1800 took a pleasure trip to Col- 
orado. He has a fine collection of Indian relics 
which he values very highly, and which can be seen 
at his office. In 18(i3, he ni.arried to Emma Hatf. 
a native of New York State, and to them were born 
two children. IJUian and Alice. Mrs. Freeman 
died 111 1872 and the Doctor chose for his sec- 
ond companion, in 1882, Miss Mary Rathbone. who 
ha> iiecoinc llic mother of one daughter. Julia. 
•l'he\ are l'"lli diMciled uicnibers of the .Methodist 



Episcopal Church anrl are highly respected throiijrh- 
oiit the comnuinity. Amon;; the Indian collec- 
tions which the Doctor has. is a i)ipo that once lie- 
longed to Sitting Bull and also thr war chili 
which was supposed to have liccn used in killin;: 
C'apt. 'Wallace. 

In knowledge and skill in medical science and 
all matters pertaining to llie lieallli of the body. 
Dr. Freeman stands in the front rank among the 
medical fraternity-. His intelligence in other lines 
of study and affairs and his manly character alike 
entitle liim to esteem and he i.e regarded in the 
highest respect, not only throughout his commun- 
ity but in other places where he is known, having 
an extended acquaintance and an .assured position 
among the learned members of his profession. 

§ tZZJ <! > 

J^^J-'.onai'. KO^ISllK been exceedingly 
'|i - — prosperous in the pursuit of his calling as a 
V_j.4 farmer, and is now the fortunate owner of 
a splendid estate on section 6. Duchouquet Town- 
ship. Auglaize County. He is a son of .lustus and 
Annie Margaret (Michel) Romshe. natives uf 
Hesse-Darmstadt, Germany, where tlie father was 
born in 179.5 and the niotlier in ISiin. 

The father of our subject was a tailor by trade, 
and in IH.'iS emigrated to the New World, and 
coming direct to this State. li>c:ilcd im the farm 
which is the present prnperty (if i.ur siiliject. It 
was then in its priiniti\(' cnnditinn and dinves (if 
deer and wolves r.ianied .-ibdut the caliin. The 
fatlier jiaid >i4(Hl fdr sevcnty-li ve acres of land, 
which lie set indii^triiiusly about clearing and im- 
proving. The niiitlier was accidentally killed in 
lS,-, falling fnuii a w.-i-on. .lu-tn- Hoin-hc 
lived until IST'.l.wlien he too. (lepaileil this life 
They were c uiscientidus member- (if the I,uthei:ni 
( hinch and reared a faiiiiiy cf Iw,, ihildreii. l.dlli 
of wliiim are livinir. 

lieurL;!' lidiii-lie wa- l.drn Nd\ cuiIm-i- ■>. ISL'7. in 
the Pro\ince (if lle<se-l )arinstadl . iiciinaiiy. and 
was a lad of e]c\en years when lie uccdiiipanieil 

his parents on their removal to America. His sis- 
ter bore the name of Anna Maria, and is now the 
wife cif William Dichl and makes her lidnie in 
Springlield. this State, where she has a fainilv of 
three children. 

Our sidiject receiveil a g(.idd (iennan education, 
but oil coming to thl.-Aew World, attended school 
only three months, his father not being able to 
siiaie him from the farm duties. ]',eing reared to 
agricultural pursuits, he lias uiA only witnessed, 
but has.a.-sisted in. every change which hsis worked 
out the wonderful transformation apparent in Au- 
glaize County to-d.ay. lie has been a resident upon 
his present f.-irin for lifty-four years, ^nd no one 
takes greater pride than he in the jinisperit v of 
Duchoucpiet Township, where he stands among 
the most able and ])r(igre~sive men of his class in 
the county. 

The lady to whom our subject was married 
in bore the name of Marv McCIintock. 
She was Ixun in August. 1.S2S. and is a danuhter 
of John and Barbara McCIintock, natives of Countv 
Donegal, Ireland. To Mr. and Mrs. Komshe have 
been born ten children, six of whom are living, 
namely: .bihn. .lustiis. .Mniy. William, Charles 
and .laciib. ilrs. Mary KdUishe departed this 
life in the year 188.5. and the lady wluun our 
subject chose as his second companion November 
•_>. ISSC. was Mrs. Nancy (Sprague) Kitchie, widow 
of .\dam Kitchie. wlio came to this section in 18.'?-). 
Mrs. K(.inr-lie is the daughter of Samuel and Clar- 
issa (^lartiu) Spr.ague. natives respectively (if New 
Y(.irk and \ irgmia. Her father was a fanner, and 
died while residinu in .\rkansas. in 1S^7; hisiiddd 
wife, who survived him a few years, passed away 
ill is;)!. Mrs. Iiiimshe was diie in a family of 
eleven children, and was burn in Mdrgan Countv. 
thi- Stale. .lanuary 7. I.s31. ]',y her marriage with 
.Mr. Kitchie. she became the nidther (if four chil- 
dren, three df whom are still li\ ini:. 

Mv. and Mrs. IJonishi' are aetive uieinliei- df the 
Lutheran Church, in wliicli deiiomi nation oiir sub- 
ject lia- been a Deacon and Klder for .a of 
years. He has been very lilieral witli hi- cliildrcn, 
and has di-tribiited a tract of seven hundred acre's 
anionic- them. i'.ein:: ^ireall)' iiilcie-tc(l in ,-chool 
affair-, he h:i- ser\-ed foi inaii\ vcar- on the 


Board as Director, in whicli position he has 
done efficient service. In politics, be votes with 
the Democratic party and has always been one of 
its stanch supporters. In local affairs, he has been 
the recipient of the oflice of Township Trustee, and 
is deeply interested in whatever pertains to the 
welfare of his community, and is always willing to 
contribute his time and money to promote any 
worthy public enterprise. 

^^1 UGUSTUS A. DAVI.S is a well-known mer- 
^Ol chant of .lackson Centre, and is at present 

i~& ably discharging the duties of Postmaster 
<^J at that place. lie is the son of Lutlier L. 

Davis, who was born May 31, 1810, in West Vir- 
ginia. The latter was a farmer, and the son 
of .James Davis, a n.ative of New Jersey, who 
in turn was the son of William Davis, a native of 
"Wales. The latter emigrated to America prior to 
the Revolutionary War, and with a brother served 
in that struggle, in which conflict the latter lost 
his life. The grandfather of our subject, together 
with his brother, did valiant service in the War of 

The Davis family originally settled in New .ler- 
sey, where they remained until after the Revolu- 
tionary War. and then, moving to Virginia, made 
their home in Harrison County, where they were 
among the earliest pioneers. The mother of our 
subject, who prior to her marriage known as 
Miss J.ane ^Morris, was born in Clarke County, this 
State. November 23. 1815. She was the daughter 
of Richard and Mary (Kellar) Morris, the former 
of whom was a soldier in the War of 1812, serving 
under (ien. Hull, and was present at tlie surrender 
of the army at Detroit. Mich. 

The parents of our subject were married May 
10, 183.5, in Clarke CoLinty. this Stale, and after a 
residence of two years there, came in September, 
1837, to this ciniiity, taking up their aljode on soi>- 
tini, 17. ,Jnrks,.n •^,,^M^^hi|.. Thi-re wore i... 
jij this locaUt\ at llial tiuie, settlers were very few 

and far between, and the surrounding country was 
in its primitive state. Wild animals were verj- 
numerous, as were also the Indians, who proved 
themselves to be very troublesome by their fre- 
quent visits. 

The elder Mr. Davis located on eighty acres of 
land, which he cleared from the timber, and erected 
thereon a round-log cabin. He pl.aced his property 
under excellent till.age, and here he residing at 
the time of his decease, June 14, 1886. His death 
was very sudden, he dropping dead while in the 
Citizens" Bank, .at Sidney. His good wife, who 
aided him greath' in developing their new home 
from the forest, survived him a few years, and died 
February 2, 1891. 

Of the parental family of eleven children, the 
seven who still survive bear the respective names 
of Augustus A.. Clarissa McVey, Israel L.. Calvin 
M.. Albert R., Rich.ard W, and Edgar C. Mr. and 
]Mrs, Diivis were members of the Seventh-day Bap- 
tist Church, in which body they were very active, 
the father holding the office of Deacon. He a 
man of marked character, strictly honest, upriglit 
and truthful in all his dealings, and was called 
upon by his fellow-citizens to fill the offices of 
Township Trustee and Supervisor. He was a lib- 
eral supporter of churches and schools, and gave 
his children the best educations that could be oli- 
tained in this locality. He was strictly temperate 
in every particular, and in politics, cast his vote 
for the man whom he considered would best fill 
the office, irrespective of party. 

The original of this sketch is the eldest child in 
his parents' family now living, and was boi'n Au- 
gust 11, 1837. in Clarke County. He .accompanied 
his parents on their removal to this county, when 
six weeks old, .and was reared to man's estate cm 
the wild farm. He began teachingschool in 1860. 
and was thus engaged for a period of thirty years, 
with the exception of the lime spent in the army 
and in operating a farm. He had been given a 
ijood education, tiiiishing his studies at Bellefon- 

September 1. 1861, Mr. Davis, of this sketch, en- 
listed in the Benton Cadets, Gen, Fremont's body- 
L;ii:nd. w:i~-ciit from Sidney to Cincimiati. and 
lliL-iicL' toM. Louis, luuier C'apl. Abnuu Kaga. who 



is now deceased. From that place tliey went to Jef- 
ferson City, then to Springfield. Mo., where his com- 
pany participated in the battle at place. After 
(ien. Fremont was sujserseded, the camp wais tem- 
porarih' under Gen. Liggett, and was discharged in 
.January, 1862. In August of that year, our sub- 
ject again enlisted, this time being appointed Cor- 
poral of Company C, Ninety-ninth Ohio Infantry. 
He was later promoted to be Sergeant, and at the 
time of his discharge occupied the position of Or- 
derly-Sergeant of Company B. Fiftietli Ohio In- 

On the organization of the Ninety-ninth Infan- 
try, Mr. Davis went to Cincinnati, fn^m there 
crossed the river to Covington, Ky., and thence 
went to St. Paris. After the Union forces were de- 
feated at Lexington and driven to Covington to 
await the re-organization of Buell'sarmyat Louis- 
ville, the Ninety-ninth joined them ttiere, the bri- 
gade being commanded by Col. Stanley Mathews. 
Then began the movement after Gen. Bragg. Mr. 
Davis participated in the following battles: Perrys- 
ville, Stone River, Chickamauga, Lookout Moun- 
tain, Mission Ridge, Rocky-faced Ridge, Rcsaca, 
Dallas, Kenesaw Mountain. Pine Mountain, At- 
lanta, Jonesboro, Lovejoy Station and Nashville. 
Our subject was then made acting ordnance offi- 
cer of the Second Division, Twenty-third Army 
Corps, and while thus detached, was present at the 
liattles of Columbia. Spring Hill and Franklin, all 
in Tennessee. During his arm}' experience, he 
>ervcd under Gens. Fremont, Halleck, Buell, Rose- 
craus, Thomas, Schofield. Stanley, Howard. Grant 
and Sherman. During his service he several 
times hit by a spent ball, atone time a bullet cross- 
ing his lips, and on another occasion he was struck 
in his left hip, which wound was not sufficient to 
disable him from duty. On Kenesaw Mountain the 
regiment was transferred from the Fourth to the 
Twenty-tliird Army Corps, and after the battle of 
Nasliville. they were sent to Wilmington, N. C, 
and aided in driving out the enemy from that sec- 
tion. December 31, 1864. the Ninety-ninth Regi- 
ment was consolidated witli the Fiftietli Ohio, and 
made the Fiftieth Regiment. 

March 4. 1865, after a service of tliree years, one 
month and nine davs. !Mr. Davis received his hon- 

orable discharge, and returning home, resumed his 
occupation of teaching. .September 14, 1865. he 
was married to Miss Electa L., daughter of Jacob 
D. and Electa Maxson, of whom a further sketch 
will be found in the biography of Simeon JIaxson, 
elsewhere in this volume. Mi-s. Davis born 
November 23, 1844, and after her marriage with 
our subject, located upon eighty .acres of laud on 
section 16, Jackson Township, .Shelby Count\-. 
She departed this life April 28, 1878, after liav- 
ing become the mother of the following chil- 
dren: Lora B.. Mrs. Homer C. P.orks; Herbert S., 
deceased; Orvil "W.. Bertha and Ethel. Mrs. Davis, 
like her husband, was a member of the Seventh- 
d.ay Baptist Church, in which body tlie latter has 
been Class-leader in the church, and Superintend- 
ent in the Sunday-school for a number of yeai-s. 

ilr. Davis has alw.ays been greatly interested in 
educational affairs, and served as President of 
the Township Board of Education. He has been 
Assessor of his township in a section which is over- 
whelmingly Democratic. He c:ist his first Presi- 
dential vote for Abraham Lincoln, and has always 
been a working member of the Republican party. 
He received his present appointment as Postmaster 
June 3, 1889. and that he is nspected by those 
who know him, it is needless to s.iy, as his many 
sincere friends testify to his worth of character. 
He has frequently represented his party as a dele- 
gate to conventions, and at the present time is 
Central Committeeman from this precinct. So- 
cially, he is a member of the Ma.sonic order, beino- 
M.oster of Epler Lodge No. 458. He is also a 
Grand Army man. and as such is Commander of 
J. I. Smith Post No. 61. 

^^f^r^HOMAS COG AN, a .Miocessful agriculturist 
//?Sn of Auglaize Counly. Ohio, is the owner of 
V^^' two hundred and sixteen acres of excellent 
land on sections 17, 19 and 20, Moulton Township. 
He is of foreign nativity. Ii.ivintr beeii born in 



lieland in 18o4, and 
of botli liis p:\rei) t.<. 
ment of lii> father. ,111 
charming 1 

inherits the gracious nature 

the intellect and good judg- 

iid Ihe quick perception and 

wers (if his mother. Botli 

Ijarents. John and I\I:iry {Siicridon) Cogan. were 
liorn on the green Isle of Kriu. and there they 
passed their entire lives. They were members of 
tlie C'atiiolie Church. 

In the year lf'47, <iur subject, with an elder 
brother, s<.iught to belter his condition by cross- 
ing the to America, and after reaching this 
country the former was engaged for some time in 
driving teams on the Delaware and Hudson Canals. 
This he continued for about six months, and after- 
ward for about a year he was engaged in repairing 
the canal. This was his first start in business for 
himself. Altliough bis educational .advantages had 
been limited in youth, he possessed a naturally 
bright mind and was quick to pick uj) all new 
methods and ideas. 

(^ur subject emigrated to Ohio in 1850, and with 
money he had saved be bought eight}- acres of 
canal land in Auglaize County, Moulton Township, 
where he now lives. This land was then wild and 
uncultivated, and infested with wild animals, but 
Mr. Cogan went actively to work to improve and 
cultivate his property. To the original tract he 
added from time to time, and soon became tlie 
owner of two hundred and sixteen acres, all well 
improved and well cultivated. In l.sOl.oil was 
discovered on Mr. Cogan 's farm. an<I there are now 
live oil wells and a gas well on this farm. These 
wells have yielded about ¥.t.000 worth of oil up to 
date, and are still in operation, liringing in .Mr. 
Cogan al)out *8(1 per month. 

I n the beautiful montli of June, 186(>, ^Ir. Cogan 
was wedded to Jliss Margaret Glynn, a native of 
Ireland and the daughter of Owen (ilynn. who was 
also a native of the Emerald Isle. After this union, 
our subject and wife settled on their pre>ent farm, 
in Moulton Township, and ln-re theii seven chil- 
dren were born: .lohn ¥.. May E.. Owen P.. Anna 
B.. P.. Maggie T. and .Julia A. Being de- 
prived of good educational advantages in his own 
vouth. Ml'. Cogan greatly desired that his children 
should be well educated and gave them every op- 
[lorlunity. The eldcstson ha? been ascliool teacher 

for four years, and is very jiopular as an educator. 
For the last year he has been a student at Valpa- 
rais(3 (Iiid.) Normal School. Anna B. is also attend- 
ing the same school. 

Jlr. Cogan and wife have been members of the 
Catholic Church nearly all their lives, and are ac- 
tive in their support of the same. In his political 
views, our subject inclines toward the Democratic 
party. Init usually votes for the best man, irrespec- 
tive of party. His first Presidential vote cast 
for James Buchanan. Mr. Cogan is an industrious 
citizen, is on good terms with .all his neighbors, 
has always been hard-working and enterprising, 
and is now the owner of one of the best farms in the 
county. The improvements on it show years of 
hard labor on his part, but he is now very comfort- 
ably fixed and is thoroughly in love with his 
adopted country, and no country, not even his na- 
tive land, is quite equal to America in his estima- 




OHX W. ZEDEKEK. This gentleman is 
one of the well-informed and progressive 
men of Franklin Township, Shelby County, 
_ wlio from a small beginning has built up 
a comfortable fortune and is now enjoying the 
results of his industry and enterprise. He is a 
son of Jacob E. Zedeker. who was liorn Sep- 
tember 18. 1813, in Montgomery County, this 
State, anil who is the son of John and Elizabeth 
Zedeker. The great-grandparents of our subject. 
Philip and Catherine (Nave) Miller, were natives 
either of Mrginia or Maryland. The former was 
a soldier in the War of 1812. and while away 
from home engaged in that contlict the gristmill 
which he owned was efficiently carried on by his 
wife. She was a very strong and robust woman. 
and died at the advanced age of one hundred anil 

Uur subject's mother liore the maiden name of 
Mary Campbell and was a distant relative of ex- 
Gov. Campbell. A native of this Stale, ^iie was 
born Jauuarv 3(1. 181 1. in HiL,dilaiid Couutv. to 



Robert and Maiy Campbell. Tlie Zedeker famil3- 

came to this State in .'September, 1805, and lo- 
cated on wild land in iloutgomeiT Count}*, six 
miles nortli of Dayton. In that early day, Indians 
and wild animals were very numerous and trouble- 
some, and at one time the grandfather killed 
tluee cub bears within sixty yards of their cabin, 
lie was a blacksmith by trade, which occupation 
he coml)ined with that of farming, his estate 
being still in the possession of the family and is 
owned and occupied by our suljject's father, who 
has always lived on that farm. 

The parental family' included nine children, 
one of whom is deceased, as is also the mother, 
who departed this life in 1889. The elder ;Mr. 
Zedeker is a member of the Dunkard Church, 
while his good wife was connected with the United 
Brethren Society. In politics, he has been a life- 
long Democrat, casting his first ballot for Andrew 
.Jackson. He has always been actively interested 
in local affairs and has been called upon by bis 
fellow-townsmen to hold several ollices of trust 
and responsibility. 

.lolm W. Zedeker. wlio was Ijorn February 18. 
1830, on the old homestead in Montgomei-y County, 
was given a fair education and remained at home 
until reaching his majority, when he was given a 
share of the property. In 1863, he married 
to .Mary, daiighter of Samuel and Catherine (Bren- 
ner) Brandenburg. Her parents were early settlei-s 
in Montgomery County, and came hitlier in 1839, 
locating in .lacksim Township, wliere the father 
died about 1844. and the motlier in 188.3. Mi-s. 
Zedeker was born July 20. 1836. and soon after 
her marriage located with our subject in Jlont- 
gomery County, where they resided for several 
years and operated an improved farm of two hun- 
dred and sixty-nine acres. Our subject later cul- 
tivated tiie old homestead for four years, and iu 
1874 came to this county and located u|xin his 
present farm. His comfortable residence wiv-; erected 
in 1886, and liis large barn in 1887. 

Of the one Innidred and forty-eight acres in- 
cluded in the home farm. >Ir. Zedeker has placed 
one hundred and twenty acres under excellent 
cultivation, and. iu adiiition to t'.iat property, 
owns eighty acre.-, in Salem Township. Tlie two 

children born to himself and wife are Oliver C, 
wlio married Maggie Lawhead. and resides upon 
the last-named farm, and George W., who married 
Mattie West, and lives on the hi^me pl.ace with his 

He of whom we write is a mcmlier of the United 
Brethren Church, while his good wife is connected 
with the German Reformed denomination. In 
local affairs, he has been a member of the Town- 
ship Board of Education and also the local Board, 
and in politics votes the straight Democratic 
ticket. He has also been Township Trustee for 
seven yeare, and performed all the duties thus de- 
volving upon him to the entire satisfaction of all 

■j^RANK McFARLAND, whose sketch now 
trto claims attention, is one of the representa- 
X "^ tive citizens of Wapakoneta and a gentle- 
man highly respected alike for his good business 
ipialifications and his upright character. He is 
a native of this county, having been born Oc- 
tober 28, 1848, to James E. and Rosa McFarland, 
for a further history of whom the reader is referred 
to their sketch found elsewhere in this work. 

Mr. McFarlaud of this sketch received his edu- 
cation in the county schools and was reared on the 
farm, where he remained until reaching his twenti- 
eth year. August 23, 18G9. he came to this citj- 
and for three years worked at the blacksmith's 
ti-ade, and September 20, 1872, engaged iu the liv- 
ery business, which he cari'ied on with good success 
until January 14. 1891. 

December 7 of the above-named year, our sub- 
ject became manager of the Home Milling Com- 
pany, whose mill contains all the modern machin- 
ery for turningout flour and emjiloys tive men con- 
tinuously. He has a natural talent for his business 
and is carrying on his labors with sound practical 
aliility. He is a man of many pleasant social 
qualities, of sterling habits, and is well liked by 
the entire communitv. October .■>. 1873. he 



and Miss Louise IIoffra:in were united in mar- 
riage. They bec.ime the parents of two cliil- 
(iren, one of wlioni, a son, Frederick, was born 
October 1, 1886, and died May 5, 1891; Edith,who 
wab born April 11, 1889, is a most interesting child 
and the joy of the houseliold. Mr. and Mrs. Mc- 
Farland attend theEnglisli Lutheran Church and 
their fnends arc among the best people in the city. 


AMES W1L.SOX, .lu. The lumber trade, in 
which Mr, Wilson is successfully engaged, 
employs large capital in its conduct, and 
_ the flourisliing character of his business 
amply demonstrates the vigorous grasp witli which 
he has seized and held the trade in this national 
industry. The business established in 187.5 by 
.J, M, Leiter, but since 1884 :Mr. Wilson has been 
man.ager and one of the proprietoi-s, and it is safe 
to say that the business is now established on a 
sound basis, Ilis yards are the largest in the 
county, and his success is commensurate with the 
abilities he has displayed and the high principles 
and moral business methods which have ever 
formed the corner-stone of his careeras a merchant, 
A view of the otlice and lumber-yards of J. iL 
[.eifer it Co. is shown on another page. 

A native of the county in which he resides, the 
people have had every opportunity to judge of 
the character and qualifications of Mr, Wilson, and 
naught ever been said but in his praise. His 
natal year is 1847 and he is a son of James Wilson, 
who was born in Virginia, .lanuary 1, 1810. From 
the State of his birth, he removed to Jliami 
County, Ohio, with his parents in 1813, and al- 
though the camp fires of the Indians had not yet 
died out in that region, they lived on very peaceful 
terms with their red brethren. .James Wilson, .Sr., 
became a disciple of Vulcan, and after coming to 
Auglaize County in 184o, continued to follow 
black.smithing in St. JLary's for a number of years. 
He was a man of more than ordinarv intelligence. 

and this fact was recognized in 1864 by his elec- 
tion to the responsible position of County Audi- 
tor, an otlice to which he was honored by a renom- 
ination for three successive terms. He a bean 
ideal public servant, etlicient, punctual, industrious, 
honest and uniformly courteous to all with whom 
he came in contact, and made a lasting impression 
in his sphere of public duty. 

Mr. Wilson, .Sr., was married three times, becom- 
ing the father of two children by his firet wife, 
three by his second and two by his third. The two 
eldest oflfspring are daughters: Mrs. Mary Doty, of 
St. M.ary's, and Elizalielh, of Peoria. James Wil- 
son, the subject of this sketch, is the only surviv- 
ing member of the second marriage, and Jolin 
A. C. Wilson of the third marriage. The father 
died in Wap.akoneta in August, 1879. when atx)ut 
seventy years of age, leaving to his children the 
heritage of a well-spent life and an unsullied name. 
Upon attaining a suitable age, young James was 
sent to the public schools of St. Mary"s, but at 
fourteen yeai-s of age he laid aside his books to take 
up the battle of life for himself, ami two years 
later, when in his sixteenth year, he enlisted in the 
service of the I'nion, becoming a member of Com- 
pany C, One Hundred and Eighty-second Ohio 
Volunteers and serving until hostilities ceased, a 
period of ten months. He was one of the youngest 
soldiers of his regiment and was a participant in 
the battle of IS'.ashville. He returned to Wapako- 
neta after receiving his discharge and entered his 
father's office, the latter being then County Auditor, 
and served .as his deputy six years. Succeeding 
this, he entered the Farmers" Bank and served as 
its most efficient Cashier for thirteen yeai-s. proving 
himself a represent-ative. thorough-going and effi- 
cient official. 

In 1884, ilr. Wilson took charge of the business 

of which he is now one of the proprietors, having 

purchased an interest in the enterprise while dis- 

1 charging the duties of Bank Cashier, and his len- 

I ieucy, fair dealing and honest integrity have won 

j him many warm friends. He is an ardent friend 

; and promoter of all public enterprises, and his zeal 

and influence in everything affecting the general 

weal, have made him popular with all classes. He is 

a stockholder and Director of the First National 



''^si.^J^^^^L^^^^^^ ,^^: 

!e£SSs«>»:^a- ¥ 




Bank; a stockholder and Director in the AVlieel 
Company of Wapakoneta, and is Seoietarv of the 
Gas Light Cojnpany. He is a member of the Grand 
Army of the Republic; the Ancient, Free and Ae- 
cejited Jlasons; the Knights of Pythitv?, and the 
Royal Arcanum. In l.S61», he married Miss .Sarah, 
daugliter of the late .Judge Trimble, who was a very 
prominent citizen of Auglaize County-. Mr. and 
Mrs. Wilson liave two daughters who are just 
blooming into womanhood. They are attendants 
at and members of the First Presbyterian Church, 
but are liberal and charitable to all forms of faith 
in Christ. 


— i-+++ ^®^ -i-i-i-i-r 


,'i'OHN REICHELDKRFKR, nlio is engaged 
in agricultural pui-suits on a farm located 
on section .'53. Duchouquet Township, Au- 
_ glaize County, is a man of industrious 
habits, who won an excellent I'eputation for 
practical jkiU as a farmer and for real ability to 
handle his affairs so .as to produce the best re- 
sults. In addition to carrying on his splendid 
estate, Mr. Reichelderfer has twelve oil wells in 
active operation, one of which produced one hun- 
dred thousand barrels of oil in five yeai-s. 

William Reichelderfer, the father of our subject, 
was born m Pickaway County, this .State, in 1818. 
He was a farmer by occupation and the son of 
Christian Reichelderfer, a native of Berks County, 
Pa., and a soldier in the War of 1812. The 
maiden name of tlie mother of our subject 
Sarah .Steppleton.also a native of Pickaw.ay County, 
who was born in 181'.) to David and Elizabeth 
Steppleton. The father came from Berks County, 
Pa., to C>hio in an early day. 

The parents of our subject were married in 
Allen County, after wiiicli they located on section 
34 of this townsliip and county. This was in 
1837, and here the father improved a good estate 
and continued to reside thereon until his decease, 
in 187'J. The ni(_>ther, who is still living, makes 
her home in Cridersville. The\' were member^ 

of tlie Evangelical Luiheran Church, in which 
church Mr. Reichelderfer was Deacon. In his 
political relations, he was a stanch Democrat, and 
occupied a high jiosition in the estimation of all 
who knew him. 

He of whom we write was the eldest but one in 
tlie parental family, and was born March 31, 1841, 
on the old homestead. Like many other farmer 
lads, he [jcrmitted to attend school only three 
months during the year and. .as soon .as old enouoh, 
was called upon to aid his father in carrying on 
the estate. He remained under the parental roof 
until reaching his majority, and in the spring of 
1862 was married to Susan, daughter of Ephraim 
and Polly (l)unkcl) Crider, who located in this 
county ill 18.J4, and for whom the vill.age of 
Cridersville was named. .She was born .January 
26, 1839, in Fairfield County, and was given a 
fair education in the common schools. 

After his marriage, Jlr. Reichelderfer lived on 
rented farms until after the Civil War. when he 
purch.ased property of his own. He is the father 
of two children: Celestia, now Mrs. John Denner, 
of this township, and Edward 1'., who married 
Rosa DeLong, and lives in Cridersville. The wife 
and mother departed this life .July o, 1884. The 
lady whom our subject chose as his second com- 
panion, March 10, 1887, Miss .Sopha, daughter 
of George and Elizabeth Denner. .She was born 
September 22, 1863, in Allen County, and, hav- 
ing been given an excellent education, taught 
school prior to her marriage. 

October 2. 1862, he of whom we write enlisted 
in the Union Army, becoming a member of Com- 
pany G, Eighty-first Ohio Infantry, being mus- 
tered in as private, and afterward promoted 
to be Sergeant. He joined his regiment October 
20, 1862, at Corinth, Miss., and for about six 
months guarded the railroads in that vicinity. 
He then went to Pocahontas, Tunn.. where he was 
eng.aged in similar w c;rk until the following fall, 
when he went into winter ipiarters at Pulaski, that 
State. The succeeding spring he participated in 
tlie Atlanta campaign, joining Sherman's army at 
Chattanooga. The first battle was fought at 
Snake Creek (iap, (ia.. then followed the fight at 
Resaea. and our subject was thereafter engaged 



Ill skiriiiishiiig until tht capture of Atlauta. He 
tlieii went with his company to Rome, that 
State, and was soon tliereafter ordered to Sa- 
vannah, where tliey remained a short time, and 
then, breaking camp, marched to Goldsboro, K. C, 
and witnessed the surrender of Gen. J. K. John- 
ston to Gen. Sherman. 

Mr. Reichelderfer later participated in the Grand 
Review at AVashington, and on going to Louisville, 
Ky., was mustered out July 13, 1865, and received 
his honorable discharge at Cincinnati on the 20th 
of that month. The following ist.akenfrom the Ohio 
State Roster of Ohio troops from 1861 to 1866: 
"John Reichelderfer, twenty-one yeai-s old, enli&ted 
October 2, 1862, for three years; appointed Cor- 
poral December 1, 1862; captured January 28, 
1864, in action at Senn's Mill,Tenn.; released and 
returned to company June 29, 1864; appointed 
Sergeant July 24, 1864; mustered out with com- 
pany July 13, 1865." 

On returning home from tlie war, the original 
of this sketch rented a farm for a twelvemonth 
and then located C)n section 33, where he im- 
proved seventy acres of wild land and resided 
until 1876, at which time he moved to his present 
farm. He now has in his possession two hundred 
and seventy-four acres of fine land, which is 
adorned with all the improvements to be found 
on the farm of a progressive and enterprising 
gentleman. A view of his attractive home is 
shown elsewhere in this volume. He has the 
largest barn in the township, and, in addition to 
raisins; cereals, devotes considerable time to breed- 
ing Durham cattle. He is also engaged with his 
son in the grain business at Cridersville, where 
they do an extensive trade, handling flour, wheat 
and feed. 

!Mr. and Mrs. Reichelderfer are members of the 
Kvangelical Lutheran Church, in which body the 
former occupies the position of Deacon. He is 
also a member of the Grand Army Post at AVa- 
pakoneta. and for the past nine years been a 
member of the School Board, and also a member 
of the Board of Education in tliis township. He 
has been Township Trustee for seven years, Con- 
stable for two years, and was County Commis- 
sioner for six vears. lie was Chairman of the 

County Board for two yeai-s, his term expiring in 
January. 1891. He has always been greatly in- 
terested in political afifairs, and has frequently 
been chosen by the Democratic party as a dele- 
gate to various conventions. He a thought- 
ful, intelligent mind, always been a reader, 
and is well informed on all matters of general 
interest, while the appearance of his fine farm 
demonstrates his abilitv as an enlitrhtened farmer. 

'|f[. ^ ENRY BEELER, a farmer in Auglaize 

r )i) Count}', is successfully managing prosper- 
/ijv^^ ous agricultural interests in Duchouquet 
\^§^i Township, where he makes his home on a 
finely-improved fann on section 34. He occupies an 
important place among the farmers in this section, 
where he has been instrumental in developing one 
of the leading industries of the State. He is a son of 
J.acob and Rosina (Gates) Beeler. natives of Ger- 

The parents of our subject came to America 
sixty-two years ago and located in Pennsylvania, 
where the father worked in a coal mine. In 1832, 
he removed to this Slate and made his home on a 
wild farm in Ross County, which he placed under 
good cultivation and continued to operate until 
1847, when he made another move, this time locat- 
ing near Cincinnati. In 1856. the elder Mr. Beeler 
went to Allen County, and in Shawnee Township 
became the proprietor of an unimproved farm, 
where he was residing at the time of his de- 
cease, in 186U; the mother died in 1888. They 
were members in good standing of the German 
Reformed Church, and in politics the father was a 

Of the parental family of six children, three are 
now livbig, and of these our subject is the 
V(jun2;est. He was born September 1, 1838, in 
Ross County, and as he began very early to assist 
his father in conducting the home farm, he was 
enabled to attend school but a few months in each 
vear. He remained under the parental roof until 



reaching liis twentieth year, at wliich time lie 
started out on hi> own responsibility, and in 185*5 
was married to Jliss Rachael. daughter of Benja- 
min and Kliz.alieth (Del.(ing) Bowsher. Tliefather 
was a native of Pennsylvania, and a >tone-mason 
by trade and aide(i in the erection of many of the 
public and private buibling? inthisState. He was 
tlie son of William Bowsher, a native of I'ennsyl- 
vania, who came to this State in 1808, and during 
the War of 1812 was a soldier in that conflict. Tke 
mother of Mrs. Beeler wa> also a native of the 
Keystone .State, her birth occurring in 18011. She 
was the daughter of J.acob De Long, and after her 
marriage in Ross County, this State, removed in 
IS.jt) to Allen County, locating on a wild tract of 
land in Shawnee Township. Mr. and Mrs. Bow- 
sher were the parents of fourteen children. The 
father died in 1874 and the mother in 1888. 

After his marriage, Henry Beeler rented farms 
iji Auglaize County for three years, at the expira- 
tion of which time he entered forty acres, whieh are 
now included in his present estate. His property 
was then in its primitive condition, but by per- 
sistent industry he cleared it, and erecting thereon a 
lob cabin, began the cultivation of his [iroperty. 
He has been a resident of this [ilace for the past 
thirty years, and is widely and favorably known 
throughout this section as one of the substantial 
and upright citizens of his township. The home- 
stead now includes seventy-four acres, which by a 
proper rotation of crops yield handsome returns. 
:Mr. Beeler purchased eighty acres of land in Allen 
Lounly, fortj- acres of which lie later sold to his 
sou. His present residence, which was erected in 
1887, is built in a modern style of architecture and 
Cost §1,600. His place is further improved with 
good buildings of every description, and two acres 
are devoted to a good orchard. Mr. Beeler has 
laid out fight hundred rods of tile on his farm and 
devotes his entire time and attention to mixed 
husbandry. He keeps some splendid animals on his 
pUace and is the proprietor of four oil wells, one of 
which is the largest between Lima and St. Mary's. 

The wife of our subject departed this life in 
February, 1884, after having become the mother 
of nine children, six of whom are living, viz: 
George Wa«hiuaton. Saiah De Lous. Ivn' Crider. 

Rosetta De Long, Henry Nelson, and Harvy Ed- 
ward. The lady whom our subject chose as his 
seci.ind wife, in M.ay, 1887, was Elizabeth Clark, a 
native of this county. She is the daughter of 
George De Long, who still makes his home in this 
township. She was born in December, 1849, and, 
with her husband, is an active member of the 
Lutheran Church. He is greatly interested in 
school affairs and for a number of 3-ears has been 
a member of the Board in CridersviUe. In political 
sentiment, Mr. Beeler is a Democrat but has never 
sought or desired public ottice. being content to 
devote his energies to business interests, in which 
he has met with signal success. 


R. P. P. OUTLAND. The name of Out- 
land is one of the most influential in Zanes- 
ville. and one of the most respected bv 
the community. Dr. Outlaud, who is at 
present the most efficient and worth}- Postmaster 
of the city, discharges the duties of this office in a 
manner that meets the approval of all. He was 
born in Perry Township, Logan County, April 10, 
18.') I. and as the people have known him all his 
life, they have had every chance to judire of his 
character and qualifications. 

Dr. (Jutland's father, Outland. a native 
of the Buckeye Stale, was born in Zanc Township. 
Logan County. Ohio, and was the grandson of Jo- 
siah Outland, a native of North Carolina. The 
grandfather reared in his native Stale, was 
there married, and at a very early date came to 
(Jhio, settling in Zane Township, this counlv, 
where he entered land from the Government. He 
soon had a comfortable home here, and on this place 
were born sixteen children, all of whom reached 
mature years, married, and reared families of their 
own. (.(Illy four of Ihis large family now sur- 

Thomas Outland, father of our subject, was the 
eighth child and sixth son. He was reared in his 
native township and was there married to Miss 



Eliza Freer, a native of Wairen County, Ohio, who 

came to Logan Comity, this State, with her par- 
ents when a small child. Aftei- marriage, this 
esteemed couple settled on a farm in Perry Town- 
ship, near the place where Mr. Outland was bom, 
and there continued to reside until 1857, when 
they removed to Union County, Ohio. From there 
they removed to Hardin County, and settled six 
miles east of Kenton, where the father passed 
away January 8, 1876. The mother followed liim 
to the grave on the 22d of February of the follow- 
ing year. They were excellent citizens, none 
better in the countj', and their loss was sadly de- 
plored. Eight cliildren were born to them, as fol- 
lows: Alonzo; Dr. W. IL; Salathiel L.; Enismus; 
Mary Jane, wife of E. E. Smith, of Ilardin County, 
Ohio; Dr. Philander P.; George A.; and Laura F., 
wife of George McClaren, of Hardin County, 

Dr. P. P. Outland, the sixtli child and fifth son 
of the above-mentioned family, received the rudi- 
ments of an education in the district schools of 
L'nion County, afterward in the district schools of 
Ilardin County, Ohio, and subsequently entered 
the Normal School of Lebanon, Ohio, in the prepara- 
tory course, and then, like many of the prominent 
men of this and other counties, he began teaching 
school. He continued to wield the ferrule in the 
district schools of Hardin County for a little over 
two years, and then began the studj- of medicine. 
After three years of hard application, he was gradu- 
ated at the Eclectic College, of Cincinnati, and 
tlieu located in Zanesfield, wheie he has built up a 
large and lucrative practice among the best people. 
He is genial, cheerful and sympathetic, and pos- 
sesses all the other characteristics of a successful 

On the .3d of October, 1883, he led to the altar 
one of Zanestield's fair (daughters, Emma R. Pope, 
daughter of F. T. and Mary E. (Roberts) Pope, 
her birth having occurred in that city. One 
daughter has blessed this union, Clara, who is at 
liome. In his political views. Dr. Outland is an 
ardent Republican and was appointed to the office 
of Postmaster of Zanesfield in July, 1891. He is 
also Clerk of Jefferson Township and the village 
of Zanesfield, and is a popular man of the section. 

He was at one time a member of the Ohio Medical 
Society, and he is now a member of Lodge Iso. 
424, I. 0. O. F., of Zanesfield, having held all the 
ollices in the order. 

j/rs^TEPHEN J. JOHX.STOX, a prominent 
'^^ farmer of Washington Township, Shelby 
%J-3' ^''^"°^y^ Ohio, was born in Mercer County, 

~ ^ Ohio, on the 8th of June, 1842. He is 
the son of Christopher Johnston and the grand- 
son of Stephen Johnston, the latter a native of 

Stephen Johnston, the grandfather, was born in 
Ireland and was a wheelwright by trade. He 
came to theL'nited States in 1807 and worked at 
his trade in Pennsylvania until 1812, when he 
went down the Ohio River as far as Cincinnati. 
He became naturalized and then returned to his 
native country, where he was engaged for several 
years in operating a small farm and in working at 
his trade. He was married there to Miss Annie 
Armstrong and five children were born to them. 
In 1822, they crossed the ocean and settled at St. 
John's, New Brunswick, and later at Georgetown, 
remaining in these places about nine years. In 
1831, Mr. Johnston came with his family to the 
.States and settled in Loraraie Township, Shelby 
County', Ohio, where he entered eight}' acres of 
land on section 22, paying ¥100 for it. He erected 
a hewn-log house on this wild tract of land and 
here he began tilling the soil. Wild game abounded. 
and in this countiy, amid the rude and unfamiliar 
scenes, he began clearing the land and improving 
it in every way. 

In 1835, he sold his farm for §800, and in 1837 
moved to Mercer County, Ohio, where he settled 
in a dense woods in Franklin Township. lie had 
to cut his own road for three miles and he and his 
sons cleared and improved the farm. In 1803, he 
sold out and moved back to Washington Town- 
ship. Shelby County, where he purchased a farm. 


On this his death occurred in 1S67, when ninety 
j'ears of age. He w.a.s a raemher of the Episcopal 
Church an<l w,a.s an unusiiallv intelligrent man. 
His father, tlie great graudfntlicr of oursnhjecl. Ije- 
longed to one of tlie first familie.-; of Ireland, was 
a very large land-owner, and a very prom- 
inent man. In tracing the ancestors of this fam- 
ily back, we find that the)' were originally from 
Scotland, and wont with Cromwell into Ireland. 
For their services they got a Large tract of land. 
The grandmother of our subject died in 18.52. wlieu 
seventy-two years of .age. She was the mother of 
six children, three sons and three daughters, tlie 
sons now li\-ing but the daughters deceased. 

Christo[)her .Tohnston. father of our subject, the 
eldest child, was born in Ireland in 1814 and 
came with his parents to St. .John's, Xew Bruns- 
wick. He received his preliminary education near 
(ieorgetown. where his parents lived for some 
time, and then came with them to the States, set- 
tling in Ohio. He Laid the foundation for his 
subsequent successful career in Mercer County, 
where he started out in life for himself. In 1861, 
he moved to Miami County, purchased a farm 
near Picjua. and has resided there since, honored 
and respected b\- all. He been a memlier of 
the Miami County Agricultural Society and is one 
of the prominent and influential citizens. He is a 
member of the Disciples Church, is an Elder in the 
same, and is prominent in all gixid work. 

In 183(5. he married Miss Mary Peck and this 
honored and esteemed couple have passed fifty- 
six years of their lives together, sharing each oth- 
er's cares and sorrows and ministering to each 
other's wants. She is a native of .Shelby County 
and her parents came originally from Pennsyl- 
vania and were early settlers in ()hii). Seven 
children were born to Mr. and Mrs. .lohnstun. all 
of whom are living. 

Stephen .1. .Tohnston. the third in order of birlh 
of these children, received liis education in tlie 
old-fashiiiiii'd -;i-li(iolliiiu~e of pioneer davs. and 
:i> -oon :i^ he w:i> old enough he w:i> oliliged ti> 
work. Ill Augu>t. l.S(r.>. he enli.-ted in tlie One 
1 111 11 died and High ti-e nth ()hio Regiment. Company 
('. iiiidei- (/ol. Moll, and pai-tieipated in the llattl.■^ 
of .\1.J^^^ Creek. I'eiiij.. Kiiowiile. aiid in uiaji\ 

eamp.aigns and siege.s. He was wounded in the 
left leg at Resaca and in the hospital from 
.May 11, 18(!1. until he was discharged in , June, 
18(;.x He was in the hospital at Camp DennLson 
and Columbus. Ohio. After returning from the 
war. he remained at home until about thirty years 
of .age. and then located on his present farm in 
AV.ashington Township. This in 1872. and on 
this he made his home ever since. 

On the 21st of March. 1.872, he was married to 
.Miss L. Kibtons, a native of Shelby County, who 
died in 1882 leaving six children. In l.s.s4. Mr. 
.Tohnston married Miss Mary .Sandhon, of Miami 
County, Ohio, and two children have l)le,-sed this 
union: :\Iinnie and Elswortli. In politics. Mr. 
.lohnston afliliates with the Republican i>arty and 
he takes a decided part in local politics. lie has 
served as Trustee for six years, !Ui School Director 
for some time, and held other local positions, 
lie is a member of of the Disciples Church and his 
wife holds membership in the Methodist Episco[)al 
Church. Socially, ho is a menil)er of the Grand 
Army. Mr .Tohnston is the owner of one hundred 
acres in the home farm and seven t}' two acres in 
other tracts, all well watered by Fox River and 
near the turnpike. The soil on his farms is rich 
and [iroductive and is well drained with tile. He 
is engaged quite extensively in stock-raising, rais- 
ing thoroughbred Ilolstein cattle and Poland- 
China hogs. an<l is i;>iio of the foremost men of his 


\V. Kl'U.VRT. editor of (he Iluntsville Gn- 
zfittP. was born in Hardin County. Ohio, on 
the 11th of October. 1860, and is a -on of 
AVilliam and Elizabeth (Pratt) Kuharl. b,:.tli 
unlives of the Buckeye State, the mother horn in 
Findlay. The grandfather. William. Sr.. was a na- 
tive A'irginian and one of the eariie-t .-ettleis of 
Ohio, eoming .to tlii- State when In.lian- were 
plentiful. He -ettled in I.ou.-in (.ountv. about 
tliree mile? west of IV-lle (.elilie. on w lial ij now 



known as the Herrod Farm, and, erecting^ a log cabin 
in the woods, began his career as an early settler. 
lie delighted in liimting and brought down many 
a deer with his old tiint-lock guns. He improved 
a f.irni. but in his old age he and his wife went to 
live with a son, Isaac, in Hardin County, Oliii.). and 
there he passed away; she died near Belle Centre 
several years since, at tlie advanced age of eighty- 
seven years. They reared two children. Isaac and 

William Rubart was early trained to tlie duties 
of Uie farm, but also learned the wagon-making 
trade, which he followed at Belle Centre until 
three years ago (1880). After this, he went to 
JIuncie. Ind.. and there conducts a large establish- 
ment at the present time. He is an energetic, wide- 
awake man and one universally respected. By his 
marriage to Miss Pratt, he became the father of 
seven children, who are named in the order of their 
birth as follows: Robert W.. Amanda, AVilliam 
E., Belle, Maud, Martie. and Nellie (deceased). 
Tlie father and mother have both been members of 
the Disciples Chnrch for a number of years, and he 
is a stanch advocate of the principles of the Re- 
publican party. 

The original of this sketch reared in Belle 
Centre, Ohio, and received a good practical edu- 
cation at Silver Creek, Hardin County. He began 
learning the printer's trade in 1877. on the Rush- 
sylvania Slar,a\. Rushsylvania. and continued there 
eighteen months, after which he established the 
Belle Centre GnzHte. This he conducted for tlirce 
years, after which he told out and started tlie 
Belle Centre Bu/letin. which he cairied on until 
1883. After this, he located in HuntsviHe and 
started the Huntsville Ga:iettfi, which is now thor- 
oughly eslablhshed and the leading paper in tlie 
county. It is a neat six-column folio, and iu ciisp 
and trenchant editorials command an ever-widen- 
ing area of circulation, while tliev cany wiili tliem 
that weight and authority which a deal-, calm and 
intelligent judgment must always secure. Tlie 
Gazette is independent in [xilitics and ha- a paying 
circulation of six hundred subscriljt>rs. The olHce 
is well equipped and a large patronage >>( joli 
work, not only here but from towns over tlie sur- 
roundintr oountrv. 

Mt. Rubart selected a wife in the pereon of Jliss 
Ida Ste|)hens. a native of Hardin County, Ohio, 
and their nuptials were celebrated in M.ay of 
188t). Two children arc the fruits of this union, 
Charles and Pearl. Jlr. Rubart is a member of 
the Disciples Church and a liberal contributor to 
all worthy enterprises. He is an ardent Repub- 
lican in politics. His paper is one of the brightest 
and best papers published in the county and he is 
one of the prominent citizens. 


"S^ N(K'H ANDERSON, one of the old settlers 
fe) and prominent citizens of Shelby County, 
j} ' _ — ^ removed to Port .Teffei-son, this count}-, on 
the 1st of April, 1857, and to Sidney on the 9th of 
February, 18.50. He is well kno>vn throughout the 
county, is prominent in all good work, and is 
everywhere respected for his sterling worth and 
upright, honorable career. He began his earthly 
career in .luniata County, Pa.. March 12, 1825. and 
is the son of .lames and Ruth (McCann) Anderson, 
both of Irish descent. 

Our subject's paternal grandfather, John Ander- 
son, born in County Anti'im, Ireland, in 1754, 
and was married there to Miss Elizabeth Brown, 
also a native of the green isle of Erin. After the 
birth of two of their children, 'William and Mary, 
they braved the ocean to America and settled in 
Pennsylvania. One year after their settlement in 
the United States, they removed to .Tuiiiata County, 
Pa.. and their sou .lames, the father of our subject, 
was liorn in 1701. There the latter grew to man- 
hood and tliere he followed farming until 1856, 
when he lemoved to Ohio, settling in Darke 
Couiitx'. He was married, in his native county, to 
Mi~^ McCann. al~o a native of that county, and 
luoiight her with him to the then Far We>t. They 
purchased a f.'irni in Monroe Township. Darke 
County, and there the father died on the 2Gth of 
March. Is;!').-^. leaving a family of eleven chil- 
ilrcn. >eveii of wlioni are living: Samuel, now of 
(Jreuon: Enoch, our >ul)ject: Mary, wife of .1. H. 



Roiish, of Macon, Ga.: Ann A., wife of Ephraim 
Spitlcr. of Montofomerv County. Ohio: AVilliani E.. 
of Huntington. Ind.: L. "M.. of Greenville, Ohio, 
wlio has been a Member of C<ingre?s. and Mnrtlia 
S.. now on the old home place. 

Our subject received his education principally 
in the old loa: schoolhouse of early d.ays. and at an 
early age he became thoroughly familiar with the 
duties of the farm. He remained under the paren- 
tal roof until twenty-one years of age and then 
w(.)rked in a conper sho)! for a few years. After 
this, he was engaged in contracting and bridge- 
building for about twenty years and built many 
bridges through the country, principally railioad. 
In ISSl.he built the Wheel Works in Sidney, 
the main building being llOxOo feet and three 
stories in height, of brick, and the second build- 
ing 1011x411 feet, is also of brick. The engine 
and boiler room, .38x.50 feet, one story in height, 
is filled with the latest machinery for the man- 
ufacture of wheels. With his son. lie stocked 
and operated the factory and gave employment 
to one hundred and seventy-five men. In 1890, 
he sold this to the American Wheel Company, 
which continued to operate it until May 6, 1891, 
when it was burned down. Since .luly .1. 1800. 
our subject has been engaged in the manufacture 
of the D Shovel Handles at Union Citj-, for, being 
of an industrious and energetic temperament, he 
C(.)uld not long remain idle. All INIr. Anderson's 
|>roperty has been the result of perseverance and 
indomitaljle energy on his part. He erected a fine 
large house in 1869, and has a most pleasant and 
attractive home. Socially, he is a member of the 
Independent Order of ( )(ld ?"ellows and the Knights 
of Pythias. 

Mr. Anderson selected lii> wife in the [lerscui of 
Mis- Kliza Sharrits. a native of Montgomery 
County. Ohio, born .lanuniy 7. 1827. and a daugh- 
ter of Cliri^toiiher and Su-annah Sharrit.-^. Six chil- 
dren have been Kirn ti^ our subject and wife 
and arc a- follow-: .lame^ M.. .Manager of the 
-Vmerican Wheel Works here: .lohn W.. a resident 
of Dayton. ( )hio. who i,- ^iiperintendent of Bridges, 
for the DaytiMi. Ft. Waynp A- Chicairo Railroad: 
Charles, who died wlien Ihiity-three years of age at 
i^aliiiu. Ohio, whuic he w:i- o|jt-r:iliiiL; :i wheel fac- 

tory; Eliza Jane, who became the wife William Tav- 
lor. of Connersville. Ind.; Martlia. who is at home; 
George, who died when five or six years of age. Mr. 
and Mrs. Anderson are members of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. Jlr. Anderson held a num- 
ber of local positions in the township, such as Cor- 
oner and Treasurer, and is highly regarded in the 
community for his integrity and upright character. 
The maternal grandfather of our .>ubject, Patrick 
McCann. also from the Emerald Isle, and married to ;Mi^s .lane (ireon. of Chester 
County, Pa., who was a sister of Gen. (ireen. of 
Revolutionary fame. After their marriage, Mr. 
and Mi-s. !McCanu removed to Licking Creek Val- 
ley and there their descendants reside at the pres- 
ent time. All the McCanus were Methodists in 
their religious views. Our subject's father-in- 
law, Christopher Sharrits, was born in Virginia, and 
his wife, Susannah Boze. was born in the vicinitv 
of Iialtimore, Md., and came to Ohio in 1810 with 
her jjarents, settling with them near Germantiiwn, 
Ohio. Mr. and Mrs. .Sharrits lived very haiipily 
together for nearlv sixtv-seven vears. 

R. W. H. OLTLAND. The value to any 
community of a professional man i? not 
marked merely by his learning and skill, his 
proficiency in medical and surgical practice, but 
alMi by his char.aeter. both private and professional, 
his lu^ncn-alile adherence to medical ethics and his 
personal integrity and benevolence of ])urpose. 
When a physician combines these characteristics, 
it is with plea.sure that we record hi> life work, 
and such a man do we find in Dr. Outland. 

Thi- |ihysician of .Ieffei>i:iii Ti.>wn.-liip. Logan 
County. (Jliio. was liorii in Perrv Towiuhip. tli:n 
county, on the 2llth of .January. 18|-.>. and 
his parents. Thomas and Kliza (Freer) (,)uthind. 
were also natives of the Buckevc State, the fi:>iuier 
of Logan and the latter of Warren Couiit\-. The 
Doctor's paternal grandfather, Jo^iah Uullaud, 



was born in Nortli Carolina and was there reared 
and married. At an early period, he came to Ohio 
and settled in Zane Towu.«hip. this county, where 
he entered a large tract of land from the (iovern- 
ment. He made many improvements on this land 
and here reared his large family, sixteen children, 
to mature _yeai-s. Only four no«' survive. 

The father of our subject. Outland. was 
the eighth child and sixth son. lie passed his boy- 
hood and youth in Zane Township and was married 
there to Jliss Freer, wlio came to Logan County 
with her parents when a little girl. After mar- 
riage, >Ir. and Mrs. Outlaud settled in Perry Town- 
ship and there tilled the soil until 18.57, when 
they moved to Union County, Ohio. From there 
they moved to Hardin County, settled six miles 
east of ICenton. and there the father's death oc- 
curred J.anuary 8. 187(!. The mother received 
her final summons on the 22d of February of the 
following year. They were honest, upright citi- 
zens and were universally respected. Eight chil- 
dren were the fruit of this union, six sonsand two 
daughters, as follows: Alouzo. Dr. W. H., Sal- 
athial L., Erasmus W.; Mary Jane, wife of E. E. 
Smith, of Hardin County. Ohio; Dr. Philander P., 
George A. and Laura F., wife of (George JlcClaren. 
of Hardin County, Ohio. 

The original of this notice, the second child and 
second son born to the above-mentioned couple, 
received his primary education in the district 
schools of Perry Tnwnsliip and subse(iuently en- 
tered the Normal School at West Jliddleburgh. 
Logan County. In the spring of 1861. he 
commenced teaching in the district school of 
Zane Township, this county, and during the 
winter of that year and tlie next, he taught in 
Union County. Ohio. During the year 186:5. he 
taught in Hardin County and during the fall of 
the same year attended the Union School nf West 
Liberty. lie began another term ofschtml in Har- 
din County, when he was taken down with the 
smallpox; after rt'C<n'ering he taught the remainder 
of this wiutiT term in the spring of the same year. 
Xot one of his scholars took the disease. During 
the winter? of 1864 and lsi6.5.he tauglit in Har- 
din Countv. eight miles east of Kenton, and in 
186i; he tauiiht in District No. 1. Dudley Town- 

ship. In 1867, he taught five miles east of Kenton 
and the same year he commenced .attending the 
Union .School of La Rue, Marion County, Ohio, re- 
mained in that institution three months and in 
the fall of the same year and in the following }-ear 
he went back and taught in District No. 1, Dud- 
ley Township. Hardin County. In the spring of 
1868, he taught .again .and continued te.aching un- 
til 1872. sixteen terms in all, and was a very suc- 
cessful and competent educator. In 1870, while 
teaching school, he commenced studying medicine 
and continued this in connection with teaching 
until 1872. when he went to Cincinnati and grad- 
uated with the Cl.oss of February 4, 187.3. His 
first case was in Hardin County, a smallpox case 
in April, 1873. 

The Doctor subsequently located at Mt. Victory, 
Hardin County, Ohio, in partnership with Dr. C. 
W. Morrow, and they continued together until 
November of the same year, after which Dr. Out- 
land taught a district school in Hardin County, 
nine miles etist of Kenton, and engaged in 
teaching for three months. On the 1-lth of Feb- 
ruary, 187-1, he went to Cincinnati, to the same 
college he attended before, and at the end of six 
weeks located in Zanesfield, where he has been 
in active practice, with the exception of three 
winters when he attended the Hahnemann College, 
Chicago, graduating with the Class of '82. He 
is also a graduate of the Pulte College of Cin- 
cinnati and has graduated from three different 
medical colleges. He also attended six terms of 
medical lectures while at college. 

On the 14th of October. 1875. he led to the 
altar Miss JIalinda F. Thompson, a native of 
Zanesville, born December 16. 1848. and the sec- 
ond daughter of Amos and Ruth (Rea) Thomp- 
son. One child has been liorn to this union, Ed- 
win Freeman, born on the 6th of August. 1876, who 
is at home. Dr. ( )utland is a member of the Homeo- 
pathic Medical .Society of Ohio, and is a very suc- 
cessful physician and surgeon. He is ple.asant and 
L'cnerou?. liberal in all his ideas, a protector of the 
rights of. a strong promoter of the welfare of, and 
in deep sympathv with, humanity. He was made 
a Mason at Kenton. Ohio, in 186;>. and is now 
a member of l.atliuni Lodge No. I,j4. and also a 

^^, „-t^^4Wr,^^/ 



member of Bellefonlaine Lodge No. 209. A 
Republican in politics, lie held the office of 
Township. lud Village Clerk of Jefifei-son Townshij) 
for seven ye.irs, discharging the duties of that 
office in a very satisfactory manner. The Doctor 
owns a tine farm of eighty acres in Paulding 
County, Ohio, one mile from the Court House, 
and owns three good dwelling houses in Belle- 
fontaine. two good houses in Zanesfield and other 
property, all the result of his own effort*. Mrs. 
Outland died April 19, 1892. and was laid to rest 
in the Zanesleld Cemetery. In ht'r death tlie com- 
munity lost a valued member and the family a 
a devoted wife and lovinij mother. 

/^, IIRISTIAN SCHMIDT. Among the promi- 
[ll nent. enterprising and successful citizens 

^^ of Auglaize County, may be mentioned the 
worthy gentleman wliose name heads this sketch, 
and whose jiortvait appears on the opposite page. 
His long life of industry and usefulness, .and his 
record for integrity and true-hearted faithfulness 
in all the relations of life, have given him an in- 
tluence in the community which all might well de- 
sire to sliare. After A long and successful business 
career, he has retired from the active duties of 
life and is now at his home in New Kremen en- 
joying the accumulations of former yeai-s. 

Horn in Hanover, Giermany. on the 1st of Janu- 
ary, 181C. ^Ir. .Schmidt is the }-oungest of six chil- 
dren born to his parents and the ouly one now 
living. He was but six week> old when btith his 
parents died of tluit dread disea-e. cholera, and lie 
was left to the lender mercies nf >tiaiii.'er<. lie 
was taken liy a farmer, with whi.m lie reniaiiu-cl 
until ninitei-u years cif age. and fi-nm the age of 
seven until fourteen he wa^ ki-pl almo,~t con- 
>tautlv ill -rliool. After that, he a"i>ted hi- kind 
benefactor on the farm until Aiigu-t. ls:',4. » hen. at- 
tracted by rc|)oiis of ailvaiitage- to be derived fnuii 
a rcbidcuce in tlu' I'liitcd State-. \\v lo.iU p.-i--:!-.- 
fcpi- Ihi- country. Altera tempc-iiioiis vo\ajcof 

nine weeks, he landed in New York, where he re- 
mained but a short time, and then went to Albanv. 
thence to Buffalo, and from there by the Lakes to 
Cleveland and by canal to Portsmouth. Ohio. 
From there he went by way of the Ohio River to 
Cincinnati and then up the canal to Dayton, where 
he began searching for employment. He and his 
brother found work about thirteen miles east of 
Dayton, and were engaged in dealing land, and 
chopping cord wooil at tweiily-tive cents a cord, 
meanwhile li(.iardiiig theiii-elves. After this, our 
subject worked for a farmer one miuilli at *li) a 
month and then liireil to another fanner for ¥1 1 
per month for the >ea>on. 

Tlie following winter. Mr. Schmidt entered a dis- 
tillery, where he remained four yeai-s and during 
the last two years was foreman, receiving an in- 
crease in w.ages. In the year 1841. he led to the 
altar Miss Mary Wiemeyer, who came from Ger- 
many with her parents when quite young. They 
came over in the same vessel with our subject but 
after reaching this country settled on a farm in 
Mercer County. After his marriage. Mr. Schmidt 
entered into partnership witli his brother, who had 
built a distillery near New Rremen. and this tliev 
carried on for three years. Our subject then be- 
gan distilling whiskey, which occupation he fol- 
lowed for about four years and then, in about 
1849, started a small grocery in New Premen. In 
18.ji;. he added dry-goods to his .stock and contin- 
ued the general merchandising until 1881. In 
18.3f;, he aljo embarked in the grain and pork bus- 
iness, built a warehouse on the canal and bought 
and shipped grain and packed |)oi-k until 1881, 
wh.-ii he letiieil from .-ictive work. He turned his 
business over to his son-. Hemy (J.aud William 
C. who !ia\f -iiice canidl on the enterprise under 
the linn name of Schmidt 1!j-os. Henry G. became 
ai>aitiier with his fatlier in I.s7l. under the linn 
name of Schmidt ,(• Son. and seenis to be a ■•chip 
of the old block." for he ha- iiiheiiicl his father's 
w.indeiful bn-iness .■iciinien. r.oth suns ha\e 
won enviable leputatious and arc men of abilit\-. 
euterpri-e ami intcgi it\-. 

The original of this notice lii-i allijiaied wilji 
tlie Dennicrati.- parte, liiit of l.-ite ye.-iis has liccoine 
an ardent l;epul>lic:.ii .ind ad vocales llie principles 



of that party. He served as Mayor of New Bre- 
men cue term, has been Treasurer of the township 
for several ^-ears, was Clerk of the village for some 
time. Township Assessor for one year, and is a 
mernber of the Council, and the School Board. He 
and his estimable wife have shared the jo^'S and 
sorrows of lifty-two years of married life, but time 
has dealt leniently with them and they are com- 
paratively strong and vigorous. Both are mem- 
bers of the German Reformed Church and for 
twenty-five years he has been Treasurer, also 
serving as Elder for thirty-live years, and main- 
taining an active interest in the Sund.ay-school. 
His place in the church is never vacant except 
when he is sick, and he ever been a liberal con- 
tributor to religious causes. He and his wife be- 
came the parents of nine children, of whom the 
following survive: Henry G., Anna, William C. 
and Amelia. I,izzie, Caroline, Mary, .Sophia and 
an infant are deceased. 

Henry G. Schmidt was married, in 1874. to Miss 
Rosina. daughter of Hon. Charles Boesel, and seven 
children have blessed their union: Lydia, Otto, 
Dora, Bertha, Rosemond, Christian (deceased) 
and Maria. "William C. Schmidt married Miss 
Emma, daughter of Hon. Charles Boesel and a 
sister of .Airs. Henry G. .Schmidt. Four children 
are the fruits of this union: Olga (deceased), Karl, 
Pauline and Hugo. Anna Schmidt became the 
wife of Rev. William Dickmann, a German Re- 
formed minister, and tliey now reside at Belvidere, 

The subject of this sketch has a farm of one 
hundred and six acres in Franklin Township, 
Mercer County. Ohio. It was only by the strict- 
est economy and indii.--try that he saved the $180 
with which he first started in business. When he 
landed in America, he owned $.56, which he had 
borrowed to p.ay his passage over, and altliough 
the prospect was at first rather depressing, he never 
grew despondent, but by his industry and persever- 
ance soon began to accumulate monc}-. with which 
ho paid off his indebtedness and started in busi- 

Tlie firm of .'^chmidt Bros, retired from general 
inercl]:mdi~iiiL; in I'^'.H , Ipiit ruiitinues the gi:iiii:Lni| 
pi'ik businc-b. They own an elevator, and buy grain 

at Chickasaw, Mercer County. They are also the 
sole proprietors of the New Bremen Machine Com- 
pany and have a largo foundry and machine shop. 
Besides doing a general line of repairing, they 
manufacture the Titus Steam Press Tile and Brick 
Machine, one of the best now before the public. 
Each of the brothers owns stock in the New Bremen 
Natural Gas Companj- and the New Bremen Tri- 
Company Fair Association, and has a fifth share 
in Boesel Brothers' Bank. 


^P^jjj The Plum family is one of the most prom. 
'^^j inent ones in Logan County, Ohio, and its 
members are people of wealth and intelligence. In 
tr.acing the genealogy of this family, we find that 
the aneestoi-s came originally from Holland, and 
that they were prominent and early settlers of that 
grand old State, Virginia. The grandfather of our 
subject, John Plum, was born in West Virginia in 
the 3-ear 1770, and in 1795 was married to Miss 
Betsey Carbill. He was a farmer and trader by 
occupation, and took the contract to furnish the 
Government with flour and wheat for the soldiers 
during the War of 1812. Having a large supply 
on hand at one time, it became damaged and this, 
together with the rapid decrease in prices at the 
close of the war, caused him great financial disastei-. 
He died in the year 1819, leaving a widow and ten 
children in destitute circumstances. The eldest 
son of the family, Isaac Plum, emigi'ated to Ohio 
in 1820, settled in the wilds of Clarke County, and 
there labored several yeare to earn sufficient means 
to enable him to send for the other members of the 
family. Grandmother Plum never re-married, but 
lived to rear the family to maturity. She died in 
this Stale, and is buried in Plum Cemetery, on the 
banks of the Aliami River, in Washington Town- 
ship, Logan Countv. 

.Tonathan Plum, father of our subject, was born 
in \ iii^iniM <>\\ thr Stli i if February. 1 807. and when 
about tliirleeii s uai-; uf age. eume with the re- 



maindei- of tlie family to the Buckeye State. lie 
and his brotliei-s worl<ed out until tliey had accumu- 
lated sufficient moans t<j enable them to Ijuy a team 
aji<l the}' then renteil land. .I(jnatliaii was niunied 
there, and in 1837 came to Lojran County, Ohio, 
buying land in Washington Township. on whicii he 
settled and immediately cnininriici'd improving it- 
This place practically a wildeiiiess at that 
time, wild animals aliounded. and Indians woie 
|)leiitiful. lie i>uichased land on the northwest 
([uarter of section 2.'!. M'ttlcd in the \v(jod?. and 
commenced clearing liis farm of one hundred and 
seventy -seven acres, which a nuniljer of years later 
would hardly have been recoiini/ed a> the same 
place on which he lirst settled. ~o many improve- 
ments had been made, lie wa> a hard-working 
man, and altlnjugh his education limited, he possessed of much natural aliility. and was 
very successful in whate\er he undertook. At 
the time of his death, he owned aiiout four- 
teen hundred acres of land, and, ,a.- he started 
without a dollar, this was all the result of his own 
industry and perseverance, lie a Methodist 
Protestant in his religious belief and was one of 
the founders of that church in the county. He 
was a very liberal contributor to the church and 
all licnevolent entcrpi'ises. and in the days before 
churches were built. |)reaching was held in his 
house. He .always took an interest in religion, 
and his house was the home of the pre.achers. 
In his early d.ays, he was a Whig in his politics, and 
a strong Abolition i.-t. and Republican, after the 
formation of that party. He wa> prominent in all 
affairs of moment, held most of the townshi[) offi- 
ces, and was highly esteemed by all who were fa- 
V(.ired with his acipiaintance. ( )n the 1 1th of .lune. 
187.S. he was called from the >rene.-> of life, ami 
thus |ia.-.sed away one of the honest, upright citi- 
zens of Logan County. 

Mi>s Sarah A. McKinn..ii, a dau-hur of .ludge 
William Mid\iiinon. and a native of (,'larke County. 
Oliio. becanie Ins wifi>. The inalcrnal L;raniini.)lher 
of our subject wa> a tir-l cousin of I Jen. Williani 
Henry llairison. for whom he wa- named, and lliey 
reared eiuhl of the ten children i;iven to tlieni. 
viz: Xanr\ ,1. i .Mr~. Mrlh id.> 1 ; libzaLcth. deo-a-.-d ; 
.loliii A. was Lieuleiianl of Company K. l''i fty-scv- 

enth Ohio Infantry, and was killed at Resaca, Ga.; 
Kittle, deceased; AVilliam H.; Eliza A. (Mi-s. Brown- 
lie); Isaac X.; W. Scott; Milton and Lewis S. The 
mother of these children pa,ssed away on the 23d 
of November, 1873. She one of the first 
church members here, and an active worker 
in the same. Her father, .ludge William McKin- 
11011. w:is of Irish extraction, but was American 
born. He w:rs Circuit .ludge in Clarke County. 
(Miio. for some time, and also followed the occupa- 
tion !•{ a farmer. About 18.(.").he came to Logan 
County, and here he ilied when eighty-live years 
of age. 

William H. I'luni is a native-liorn resident of 
this county, his birth occurring on the 18th of 
I-'eliruary. lsl."i. and he received his education in 
the log schoolhouses of this county. He well re- 
members the slab seats with pin legs and the other 
rude devices of early days, and when not assisting 
his father on the farm, sitting on these slab 
seats, very different from the easy iiatent seats of 
to-day. He Worked in unison with his father until 
nineteen years of age. and being then tilled with 
a patriotic ilesire to aid liis country's cau.-c, he en- 
listed on the 2d of May. 180L in Company G, 
One Hundred and Thirty-second Ohio Infantry, 
and was mustered in at Camp Cli.ase, Columbus. 
He was sent to Washington. D. C. from there to 
White House Landing, ^■a., and thence to Peters- 
burgh, where he was on picket duly, and throwing 
up breastworks. He remained here and near Rich- 
mond, Va., most of the time during .service and 
was discharged at Cam|) Chase on the lOlh of 
September. 18G4. 

Returning home, young Plum was married on 
the r.nh of October. IS60. to Miss Louisa Kenick. 
a native of this towiishi|i. and the daughter of 
.lohii II. and Klizaljeth ( Uea ) Kenick. natives of 
Clarke County. Ohio, born in isii) anci LsniJ. re- 
spectively. (For further particulars of I'arents see 
sketch of .1. U. Kenick). Four children have 
l.h— rd the union of our sulijecl and wife: t arrie 
i;.. Fannie O.. .bjnalliaii K. and Willa Oiuce. all at 
home. Mr. Plum has three huiidred and sixty- 
seven acres of improved land, lanie- on mixecl 
farniini;- and make- -omelliing oi :i -poi iaU\ of 
rai--ing sheep, lie was formerly ipiiU' extensively 


engaged in buying and selling stock of all kinds 
and shipped considen\lile to New York. Buffalo. 
Pittsburgh and Alleghany. lie superintends the 
entire farm, and built the present residence, a fine 
large frame, in 1881. He erected a large frame 
barn in 1872. and has many other substantial and 
neat outbuildings. He has fine improvements on 
his pl.ace. and everything indicates him to be a 
man of progress and enterprise. He is well known 
all over tlic county, is well liked, and has a host 
of warm friends. Mr. and Mrs. Plum arc members 
of the Methodist Protestant Cliurch. and are in- 
terested workers in the same, ilr. Plum being Su- 
perintendent of the Sunday-school, lie is a Re- 
publican in politics, and has held most of the offices 
in the township. 

Vi^ OAH MILLER. Prominent among the suo- 
l[[ ))' cessful men whose history forms the glory 
/i[^ of Logan County, Ohio, is Mr. Noah Miller, 
who is one of the most, if not the most, successful 
farmer in the county. Although he started with 
limited means to fight his own way in life, and in 
addition was a cripple, he now two as finely 
improved farms as are to be found in this section, 
lie is a man possessed of more than the ordinary 
intelligence, has excellent judgment and good 
common-sense, and is advanced and progressive in 
all his ideas. 

Mr. Jliller is a native of the Buckeye St;ite. born 
in Harrison Township, this county, on the 28th of 
September, 1844, to the union of Jacob B. and 
Catherine (Neer) ^lillrr. tlie father a native of 
Clermont County. Ohio, honi October 7, 1804, and 
the mother a native ijf Virginia, b(irn in 180.5. 
The paternal grandr.Mtlier. .Sti'|ilieii ililler. was 
born in Pennsylvania, and was of (Jerinaii descent, 
lie followed the occupation of a farmer in his na- 
tive State for many years, and then removed to 
Kentucky, at a vitv i>ai-ly date, l-'rom lln-ri' lie 
-ubsequeutly removed to Clermont Cdiinty. Ohio, 

and there his wife died in 1813. Shortly after- 
ward, he went to Jlontgomery County, the same 
State, improved a fine farm, and there passed the 
closing scenes of his life, his death occurring in 
I860, when over eighty years of age. 

The parents of our subject were married in 1828, 
and the fruits of this union were seven children, 
five of whom reached mature j'ears, viz: Annie, 
Mrs. Neer; Stephen, John N., Samuel and Noah. 
The two deceased were Mar}' and Daniel. In 1834, 
Mr. Miller moved his family to Logan County, 
and i)urchased a farm on sections 27 and 28, of 
Harrison Township. He erected a log cabin, and 
immediately began developing his farm of one 
hundred and eighty acres. He was in poor cir- 
cumstances when he came to this county, but he 
was iudnstrious and ambitious, and was quite well 
oflf at the time of his death. In early life he joined 
the German Baptist Church, and continued a mem- 
ber until the war broke out, when his church 
adopted a rule preventing members from voting 
or taking up arms. This was contrary to JNIr. 
Miller's belief, and his name was taken from the 
church roll. After cessation of hostilities, the 
church discarded the rule against voting, but as he 
did not confess what they considered his fault, his 
name was never replaced. He was a true Chris- 
tian in every sense of that term, a kind, gentle and 
.affectionate father, and the counsel and advice lie 
gave his cliildren have had a lasting impression 
on them. He died on the 1st of January, 1885, 
and his funeral was largely attended by sympa- 
thizing friends. His wife passed away on the 16th 
of June, 1872, when nearly sixt\'-seven years of 
age. She a verj- faithful member of the church. 
Her people were of German extraction. 

Our subject attended the pioneer log school- 
house of former days until eighteen \'ears of age, 
and then afflicted with rheumatism, which pre- 
vented him from doing much farm work. Instead, 
he sent to AVittenburg College, at Springfield, 
and here he remained two years, taking select studies 
and Latin and (ireek. Later, he was graduated at 
Bacon's Commercial College, at Cincinnati. Ohio, 
after which he taught several terms of school in 
llarriM>ii 'rii\vn?bip, tliis couutv. Afterward he 
embarUfd in merchandising at Bellel'outaiue as 


clerk, continued in this ODe jeur, and tlien went 
to Indianapolis, where he continued his former oc- 
cupation tliree yeai-s there, and in branch stores of 
the same firm at Rielimond and Shelbyville, lud. 
Returning to liellefontaine, our subject clerked 
there for two years, and afterward entered into 
partnership and opened a store at Bloom Centre, 
under the firm name of Ilalboth & Miller. They 
dissolved partnership at the end of nine months, 
and our subject then came to Lewistown, this town- 
ship, where he started a general merchandising 
store, continuing tliis eight years, and carrying a 
very large and select stock. After this, he pur- 
chased two farms, and, not caring to rear his chil- 
dren in the vilLage. he sold out and settled on the 
farm. He was Postmaster for nearly eight years 
while in the store, and held other local positions. 
He removed to one of his farms in the spring of 
187'J, when there were very few improvements on 
his place, a thick willow swamp standing in front 
of where Mr. Miller's house now stands, so that he 
could not see to the road. He now has the farm 
thoroughly tiled .and under a hiah state of cultiva- 
tion, and has running w.ater in every mat- 
ter how dry the season may be. He is one of the 
mci.-t thrifty, industrious and progressive men in 
the county, and is recognized .as such by all. 

On the rnh of .September. 1«7-.'. Mr. Miller was 
wedded to Miss Sarah Ilul.iei-, a native of Bloom- 
field Township, tliis county, born .lunc 7. 1848, 
and they have six interesting children: Cora. Tiry, 
Homer, Lloyd, Anna .and Lawrence, all living. 
Mr. Jliller is the owner of two hundred and thirty- 
seven acres of land, divided into two farms, and 
has all well improved and well cultivated. In con- 
nection with farming, he is engaged quite ex- 
tensively in stock-raising, and has some very fine 
animals. When he first settled on tliis farm. Mr. 
Miller had a one-^tory house, boai'ded up and 
dinvn. Init he now ha.- (ine of the fine.-t Iriuscs m 
the tijwn^hip. it being erected in 1^*82. and is 
nicely tuiiiished and has a good library, etc. His 
large frame barn. 42x56 feet, was erected in 1879. 
and in 1881 he erected another one, 30x56 feet. 
Mr. and >Irs. Miller are members of the Methodist 
Protestant Church. The former joined the Fii-st 
Baptist Church, of Indianapolis, and continued in 

that church until transferred to the one here. In 
politics, IMr. Miller is a Republican, and served as 
Township Clerk and Treasurer. He saved his 
money while clerking, was assisted a little bv his 
father, but the most of his property has been made 
by his own exertions. He owns the store building 
and seven lots in Lewistown, and is an exception- 
ally good lin.ancier. Although his body was frail, 
his mind strong and vigorous, and success 
attended his efforts. He has been very liberal in 
his gifts to churches of all denominations, and to 
all worthy enterprises, and is one of the county's 
most respected and esteemed citizens. He has a 
very t.asty and residence on his other 
farm, and a new barn, 36x40 feet. This farm is 
also well tiled. 

I? oris H. HEl'SCH, who is next to the 
J, f^ oldest settler living in .St. Mary's, is among 
i'—^v , the foremost of the business men who have 
had the making of this city, where he is now livino- 
in retirement in one of its many beautiful homes, 
in tlie enjoyment of the wealth that he .accumu- 
lated by honorable means. Auglaize Countj- has 
profited by his business energy in the past, which 
was potent in advancing its growth, and has had the 
benefit of his and enterprise in its public 
life as an incumbent of some of its important civic 
ortices; and he also Ixtrne a conspicuous part in 
the administration of municipal affairs. 

Mr. Heusch was born in Prussia April 3, 1819, 
and his father, who bore the same name .as himself, 
was also a native of that kingdom and of tliesame 
town as his son, and a teacher in earlv life. 
He a man of fine pliysiipie, of much mental 
power, very finely educated, and always held 
some position under the Government while he re- 
mained in the Fatherland. He one of the king's 
guards, served in the Prussian army, and pres- 
ent at the battle of Waterloo. He atone time 
Superintendent of the manufacture of charcoal for 
the Government, and he also saw tn the planting 


of young timber where the old trees had been used 
In 1837, Mr. Heusch came to America, and settled 
at Isapoleon, in Henry County, whore he died 
shortly after, when only forty-seven years old. His 
wife and family, with the exception of our sub- 
ject, who had come two years before, came to 
this country with him. His widow and three chil- 
dren removed to Defiance, and there the former 
.again married. The family afterward settled on a 
farm, and her second husl>aiid dying, she married 
a third time. She died at the age of eighty-two 

Our suliject is tlie olilot of tlie family, and he 
and the youngest are the only survivors. He at- 
tended school in his native land until lie was four- 
teen years old. .\Miliitiou> to see xunethiug of the 
world, and thinking that his fdrtunes would be 
assured in the United States of ,\merica, he de- 
termined to emigrate to these shores. Accordingly, 
in lS:i.3. at the age of si.xteeii. he .-et out on his 
travels. He passed through a portion of France 
to P.aris, and thence to Havre, where he boarded a 
vessel bound for this country, and thirty-five days 
later found himself in New York, lie made his 
way from that city to liuftalo. where lie j-tayed the 
ensuing two years, working at gardening and vari- 
ous other employments. From Buffalo, he came to 
Columbus, in this State, and was engaged in town 
two years. February 5, 1839, is an important date 
in his life, as on that day he first set foot in St. 
Marv's, which he found an insignificant hamlet of 
a few houses on the west side of the river of the 
same name, with no bridge, and no dwelling on the 
eastern hank, while the surrounding country was 
l)Ut little better than one vast, unpeopled wilder- 
ness. He saw wild deer running through the town, 
and Indians frequently passed by in their canoes 
or overland along their trails. The :\nami .t 
Erie had just lieen completed and Mr. 
lleuseh helped construct a lock Ijetweeii New lire- 
men, which is seven miles from St. Mary's, and a 
spot five miles below the latter city, lie given 
a situation to oversee a l..t of hands employed to 
keep the canal in order. 

In 1841, our subject was married to Frederieke 
Scliweder. who had come to Amerira when quite 
voun^ with her parents, and in the same year 

he started in the grocery business on Main Street, 
.and also kept boarders, with the able assistance of 
his wife. He was burned out in 184.5. losing every- 
thing, and he had to begin life anew. He resumed 
business as sof)u as possible with good courage, and 
continued in it until ISu.'i, when he embraced an 
opportunity to sell out at a good price, and 
he turned his attention to farming, buying a farm 
in St. Mary's Township. He lived on that place 
a 3'ear and eight months, and tlien disposed of it 
at a considerable advance on the cost. Returning 
to the cit}% lie again went into the grocery busi- 
ness. A year or so later, he purchased a large resi- 
dence on the northeast corner of .Spring and Main 
Streets. lie remodeled it so as to fit up a roomy 
store in the lower part, and otherwise altered the 
building to suit the exigencies of the trade, and 
he afterward bought the adjoining lot, so that he 
owned the whole block. In an early day he car- 
ried quite a variety of goods besides groceries, such 
as Iwots, shoes, hardware, etc. He built up a large 
and rtourishing trade, which was by no means con- 
fined to the limits of the city, and became one of 
the wealthiest merchants of St. Mary's. In 1889, 
he resolved to retire from active business, and he 
sold out to his son. August F. Fleusch, who is a 
voung man of great enterprise, who has already 
made his mark in the business world. He h.aslaid 
out two additions to .St. JIary's, owns a good deal 
of real est-ate in the city, has built several houses, 
and has sold a great many lots. 

Mav 14, 188(5. death invaded tlie home of our sub- 
ject and took from it the helpmate who had so faith- 
fully performed her share in its upbuilding, and 
for fortv-.seveii yeare had walked cheerfully by his 
side as his truest friend, sharing equally life's joys 
and burdens, and filling in a perfect measure her 
position .as a wife and mother. Eleven children 
were born of that marriage, of whom these seven 
are living: Frederick. Louis H., William, .\ugust IL, 
Thomas .1.. Emma and Doreto. 

Mr. Tleusch entered upon his career when a mere 
bov.with nothing but a good share of native ability 
and an ambitious, enterprising spirit to depend 
upon. AVith these he has pushed his w.ay to the 
front, and made himself aninfiuential and leading 
citizen of this cit\- of his adoption, which lias been 



his home for fifty-three years, and he luay Tvell be 

proud that he has had a hand in bringing about its 
present flourishing condition as a lively and im- 
portant business centre. He has valuable interests 
here, business property, houses and lots, and he 
owns a fine farm of eighty acres, which he pur- 
chased m 1857. It is located in Noble Township, 
a mile and a half northeast of St. Mary's, and he 
has It under his management, though he continues 
to live in the city. It is within the oil belt, and 
there is one fairlj- good oil well on it. 

Our subject cast his first vote with the Demo- 
crats in 1840, and has ever since stood firmly by 
that party. He was elected Commissioner of Au- 
glaize County in 1870, and re-elected in 1873, 
serving until 1876. The principal improvements 
carried on while he was in office were a vast amount 
of ditching done to facilitate drainage, which the 
Commissioners had to oversee; the building of a 
great many turnpikes; and the erection of the 
County Jail. In 1877, Mr. Ileuseh was elected 
Justice of the Peace, was re-elected to that position 
in 1880, and held it six yeai-s in all. irehasl)een 
Trustee of St. Mary's Township, having filled that 
office fifteen years and more. In the early days, he 
was at the head of the municipal government as 
JIayor of St. Mar_\'s for several years, was a mem- 
ber of the City Council for some time, and served 
on the School Board. He has likewise done much 
to advance the religious, moral and social interests 
of the city as an active working member of the 
Evengelical Church, of which he has been an Elder 
for many years, and his wife of sainted memory 
was also a member of this church. 


T/,-^ EXRY E. BEEBE, M. D., the oldest and 
ll ji; most prominent physician and surgeon 
lki<^' of the homeopathic school in Siilney, en- 
((^ gaged in tlie practice of the medical pro- 
fession here in 1873. Since locating here, nine- 
teen j-ears ago. Dr. Beelje's practice has been con- 
stantly on the increase, and tlie liberal patronage 

accorded him attests to his skill and ability as a 
! physician. He is a student of his profession and 
keeps abreast with every new discovery or theory 
connected with his chosen life work. 

Our subject was born near Carey, Wyandot 
County, this State, July 2-1, 1849, and is the son of 
Buel S. and Lucinda (Kear) Beebe. The father, who a farmer by occupation, emigrated from New 
York and classed among the earh- settlers 
of Wyandot County. Ileni-y E., of tliis sketch, 
was reared on the home farm, and obtained his 
primary education in the common schools near his 
home. He then attended school at Carey, and 
later took a course of instruction in the Witten- 
berg College, at Springfield, Ohio. After his liter- 
ary course, he began teaching school, during which 
time he carried on his medical studies at Carev, 
under the preceptorship of Dr. A. S. Rosenberger, 
now of Covington, Ohio. He completed his 
medical studies in the Cleveland Homeopathic 
HospiLal College, from whicli institution he was 
graduated in the Class of '73. and immediately lo- 
cated f(jr practice in tliis place, where he has 
since resided. He the finest library and 
the most complete surgical outfit of any physician 
in this section. He has a high standing amono- the 
medical fraternity as one who keeps well abreast 
of the times, and is quick to perceive the value 
of new methods and to adopt them whenever feasi- 
ble in his general pr.nctice. He is untiring in his 
devotion to his profession and is widely known 
not only in Shelby County, bul far beyond its 
limits, as a physician of unusual intelligence and 
ability and his friends and patrons look upon him 
as pre-eminently the best medical adviser in this 

Dr. Beebe has been honored by appointment to 
various distinguished positions in conection with 
his calling and been Secretary and President of 
the Homeopathic Medical Society of Ohio, is also 
a member of the American Institute of Homeop- 
athy, the American Public Health Association and 
a number of local medical societies. Socially, 
he is connected with Temperance Lodge, F. it 
A. M. and Sidney Commandery No. 46. K. T. 
He stands high in Masonic circles, having taken 
the Thirty-second Degree in the Ohio Consistory, at 



Cinciuuati. As a member of the American Insti- 
tute of Homeopath 3', he has contributed many 
articles to the Sanit,aiy IJureau of that department 
and has been Censor of his Alma Mater for a num- 
ber of yeare. In 1890. tlie Doctor took a trip to 
Europe and wliile there visited the large medical 
institutions of the leading cities, and on return- 
ing home lectured in the college from which he 
was graduated and .nl>o at Ihc I'ultc Medical Col- 
lege, of Cincinnati. 

Miss Ophelia :McDowell, of Carey, this .State, be- 
came the wife of our subject October 8, 1874, and 
to them been granted a family of four chil- 
dren, namely: Robert Wallace, Laura E., Hugh and 
Henry. The Doctor and his wife are regular at- 
tendants of tlie Methodist Episcopal Church, to- 
ward the support of which denomination they 
give of their means. He of whom we 
write is one of the Directors and stockholders in 
the Citizens' Bank of this place, and in the com- 
munity where he h.-ts lived for so many years has 
identified himself with its every interest. 

EVI .SHROYKR. The farming community 
of Shelby County finds one of its most 
successful representatives in this gentle- 
man, who lias rendered eflfeetive service in ad- 
vancing the agriculturalinterestsof .I.ickson Town- 
ship. The farm which he owns and cultivates con- 
sists of two hundred and seventy-nine acres, of 
which he has cleared one hundred and twenty-five 
acres through his personal efforts. The place is 
embellished with a neat set of farm buildings, 
conspicuous amon^ which is the sulistantial and 
tastily furnislied residence, wliirli w.-is erected in 

During the early part of this century, .John 
Shroyer. father of our subject, emigrated from his 
native .State. Pennsylvania, and made settlement 
in Montgomery County, Ohio. There he mar- 
ried to Miss Ellizabeth .Shonk, a native of that 

county, and a most estimable lady, who still sur- 
vives, in the full possession of her mental faculties, 
at the age of ninety-two years. After his mar- 
riage, he settle<l on an unimproved tr.act of land 
near IXayton. and cleared two farms in that local- 
ity, where he remained until his death in 1876, 
aged eighty-four years. 

Four of the six children comprising the parental 
family still survive, and one son, Andrew J., 
served with valor In the The religious 
convictions of the parents brought them into fel- 
lowship with the German Reformed Church, in 
which he prominent and influential. Politi- 
cally, he was in sympathy- with the principles of 
the Democratic party, and in the local political 
affairs was a man of note. 

The subject of this sketch was born in Jlontgom- 
ery County, Ohio, October 18, 1825, and reared 
upon his f.ather's farm, which he aided in clearing 
.IS soon as old enough to be of use. When ready 
to establish a home of his own, he marrie<l, 
April 24, 18.53, to Sarah Ann, daughter of Martin 
Himes, an early settler of Montgomery County. 
Mrs. Sarah A. Shroyer was born in Montgomery 
County, December 21, 1831, and died Ma}' 11, 
1870, mourned not only in the immediate family 
circle, but by the host of warm friends whom she 
had won bj' her un.ossuming nobility of character 
and kindness of heart. 

Six of the ten children born of this union sur- 
vive, as follows: Ziba C. married Matilda Yhelm, 
and with his wife and three children resides in 
Dayton; Elizabeth A. married S. I). Haney, of 
Port .lefferson, and they have five sons; Louisa II., 
the widow of Louis A. lininer. makes her home 
with our subject, .as dn also her two daughters; 
3Iilton .T., who is a resident of Dinsinore Town- 
ship, married Elizabetli Fre}', and they have two 
sons; Edward S. married Annie Carson, and they 
m.ake their home in Carth.agc. Ohio; Ida .1. is at 
present te.aching in Dinsinore Townshi|i. ^lartha 
Alice formerly the wife of B. Smith, but is 
now deceased. 

The second marriage of Mr. Shroyer united him 
with .Jane M. Erven, a native of Ohio, who died 
December 21), 18:h), .aged forty-four years. She a devoted wife and an affectionate ini>ther. 






:iiul at her death left tno daughters:, Nellie W. and 
Mabel L., who are now attending school, and are 
bright and interesting children. Forty years have 
come and gone since Jlr. Shrover settled on his 
present farm, and he has witnessed startling trans- 
formations in the improvements of the county. 
Altliongh his time is principally given to his pri- 
vate duties, he maintains a deep interest in educa- 
tional matters, and served as Director in his 
district. In politics, he is a Democrat, and casts 
Ills ballut for the candidates of that part}'. He has 
served as Treasurer of the Grange, and is also 
identified with tlie Independent Order of Odd Fel- 

L-^-^IIKO B. STEINEMANN. In presenting to 
//S\ the readei-s of this volume the portrait and 
V^2/ biography- of Jlr. Steinemann, we are per- 
petuating the features and life work of one of 
Minster's most influential citizens and popular 
merchants. Excellent judgment and shrewd fore- 
sight have contributed to his success, and his ex- 
tensive mercantile, grain, lumber and pork inter- 
ests have brought to him the .acquaintance of the 
most people in this section