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Full text of "A portrait and biographical record of Boone, Clinton and Hendricks Counties, Ind. : containing biographical sketches of many prominent and representative citizens, together with biographies and portraits of all of the presidents of the United States, and biographies of the governors of Indiana"

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3 1833 01772 7279 








coTLJis:TriE:s, hxid., 


Prominent and Representative Citizens, 






A. W. BOWEN & CO. 



IN placing- this Portrait and Biographical Record before the citizens, the 
publishers can conscientiously claim that they have carried out in full 
every promise made in their Prospectus. They point with pride to the 
elegance of the binding of the volume, and to the beauty of its typography; 
to the superiority of the paper on which the work is printed, and to the truth- 
fulness depicted by its portraits, and to the high class of art in which they are 
finished. The few typographical errors contained within its covers are such as 
will occur in any volume on its first publication, and they are so trival as to 
hardly merit even a passing notice. Each and every biographical sketch has been 
submitted for correction and approval to the person for whom it was written, 
and therefore any error of fact, if there be any, is solely due to the person 
for whom the sketch was prepared. Differences in the spelling of surnames of 
members of the same family are due to the mutations of time, or residence in dif- 
ferent locations, and in some instances these discrepancies have been explained— 
in others, no explanation has been made. The publishers would here avail them- 
selves of the opportunity to thank the citizens of the two counties for the uniform 
kindness with which they have regarded this undertaking, and for the many 
services rendered in assisting in the gaining of necessary information. 

Confident that our efforts to please will fully meet the approbation of the 
public, we are, Respectfully, 

A. W. BOWEN & CO., Publishers. 
February, 1895, 



Adams J 


Garfield, J. A 

Grant, U.S 

Harrison, B 

Harrison, W. H... 

H-iyos, R. B 

Jackson A. 

. 113 
. 102 
. 125 

. 57 
. 106 
. 49 

Jefferson, T.... 

Johnson, A 

Lincoln, A 

Madison, J 

Monroe, J 

Pierce, F 

... 33 

... 84 
... 37 
... 41 
... 76 

Polk. J. K 

Taylor. Z 

Tvler, J 

Van Buren, M.... 
Washing-ton, G . . 


Adams, J. Q 

Arthur, C. A 

Buchanan J 

.. 45 

.. 117 



Cleveland, S. 
Fillmore M. 


.. 121 

•, -' 


Adams, J 

... 28 

Garfield, J. A 

. 112 

Jefferson, T.... 

... 32 

Polk, J. K 


Adams, J. Q ... 


Grant, U. S 

. 103 

Johnson, A.... 

... 99 

Taylor. Z 

. 69 

Arthur. C. A... 

... 116 

Harrison, B 

. 124 

Lincoln, A 

... 85 

Tyler, J 

. 61 

Buchanan, J... 

... 81 

Harrison, W. H... 

. 56 

Madison, J 

... 36 

Van Buren, M... 

. 52 

Cleveland, S. G 

... 120 

Hayes, R. B 

. 107 

Monroe, J 

... 40 

Washington, G . . 

. 24 

.. 73 

. 43 

Pierce, F 

... 77 


Bigger, S. 

. 142 

Hannegan, E.A. 

. 163 

Owen, R. D 


Turpie, D. S 



Harrison W H 


Pettit J 

Vifo F 

Bright, J. D 

. 164 

Hendricks, T. A..- 

. 150 

Porter, A. G 


Voorhees, D. W... 


Cathcart C W 


Hendricks W 

J 39 

Posey T 


Wallace D. 


Chase, L J 

. 157 

Hovey, A. P 

. 156 

Pratt. D. D 


Wallace, L 

Colfax, S 

. 174 

Jennings, J 

. 138 

Ray, J. B 


Whitcomb, J 


Collett, J 

. 171 

Jordan, D.J 

. 171 

Riley, J. W 


White, A. S 


Davis, J. W 

. 181 

Lane, H. S 

. 146 

St. Clair, A 


WiUard, A. P 


Dunning-, P. C... 

. 143 

McDonald, J. E.. 

. 168 

Smith, O. H 


Williams, J. D 


Fitch, G. N 

. 166 

Matthews, C 

. 158 

Taylor, W 


Wright, J. A 


Gray.L P 

. 154 

Morton, O. P 

. 146 

Thompson, M 


Hammond, A. A. 

. 145 

Noble, J 

. 159 

Thompson, R. W. . 




Abbott, 1 193 

Abbott, J. A 193 

Abbott, S 193 

Adams, H 195 , 

Adams, J. G 196 

Adams, S 199 

Airhart,J ^1^ - 

Alexander, J- T.... 202 
Alexander, W. W . . 201 

Alexander, W 201 

Armstrong-, I.N... 2'13 

Artman.A 204 

Artman. S. R 204 

Baird, G. W 205 

Baird, S. D 205 

Baird, W. A 22.S 

Baldwin. 1 424 

Barker, I. N 2ri6 

Beach, C 4>2 

Beaslev, J. E 209 

Beck A 211 

Beck, A. D 210 

Bell. W 550 

Belles. I. H 211 

Belt, J 212 

Benefiel, J. H 212 

Bennett, N 4?1 

Bennett, W 451 

Best, S. M 213 

Best, V 213 

Bishop, W 2^0 

Black, J 214 

Black, J. S 214 

Black. W. J 215 

Bohannon, W. H.. 216 

Booher, B.- 221 

Booher. J 221 

Bounell, M 217 

Bounell, M. H 217 

Bowen, F 222 

Bowen , S. S 222 

Boyd, C. H 223 

Bradshaw, D 227 

Brad^haw, H. A... 227 
Bradshaw, S. N.... 224 
Bradshaw, T. E.... 224 

Brag-g, J 228 

Bratton, C. A 2-0 

Breedlove, J. M 231 

Brown, A 232 

Brown, CO 236 

Brown, E 234 

Brown, G. B 235 

Brown, G. W: 235 

Brown, J. A 232 

Brown. L. A 233 

Brown, S 234 

Brush. H. C 236 

Brush, J 237 

Burk, S. M 239 

Burk, W. C 239 

Burnhara, 1 2o-S 

Burnham.J 238 

Jurnham, J. H 238 

Jurns, A 240 

Jurns, D. M 240 

Jurns, J 240 

Burris, J. E 242 

Jurris, R. Mc 242 

Busby, J 244 

Jusby, G. W 243 

Caldwell, D. A 244 

Caldwell, J. A 246 

Caldwell, J. W 246 

Caldwell, N. S 247 

Caldwell, T 245-246 

Canada, C 249 

Canada. D 249 

Carey, Z 492 

Carrig-er, G. M 250 

Carriger M. M 250 

Carroll. J 251 

Carty, J. T 307 

Caster, I. N 253 

Caster, J 2d3 

Chambers, J. C 253 

Chambers, W -254 

Clark, J 254 

Clark.son. J 256 

Cleaver,! 255 

Cieaver, L 255 

Cobb, T. A 256 

Cobb, W 256 

Cogle. R. F 357 

Cogle. J. C 357 

Cole, G 263 

Cole, M. W 262 

Colgrove, R 265 

Conyers, J. M 263 

Conyers. J. R 264 

Cook, G 266 

Cook, J 266 

Cook, T. J 266 

Cook, Z 318 

Copeland, M 268 

Copeland,S 268 

Copeland. T 268 

Cory, W. G 270 

Cox, A 269 

Cox. S 3S2 

Cox,S. F 382 

Cox, Z 270 

Cracrun, H 273 

Cragun, S. N 273 

Crist, L. M 275 

Crose, B 276 

Crose, D .' 276 

Daily, A. C 279 

Daily, D 279 

Dale. J 435 

Davis, I. J 2.83 

Davis, J 281-283 

Davis, J. C 282 

Davis, J. M 281 

Davis, W 237 

Devol, E ■ 285 

Devol, W. J 285 

Dickerson, C 284 

Dickerson, W. H... 541 

Dinsraore, J 287 

Dinsmnre, J. T 286 

Dinsmore, P. J 2S7 

Di.ismore, T 287 

Dinsmore. \V. V 288 

Dodson, T 289 

Dodson, H. T 289 

Dodson, G 289 

Downing, J 290 

Downing, J. F 290 

Doyal, D. D 292 

Doyal, J. M 292 

Doyle, W. G 295 

Dunnington, A 296 

Dunnington, W... 296 

Dutch, E. J 297 

Dutch, P. H 297 

Eaton, L. M 298 

Eaton. \V 298 

Elder, S 474 

Elliott, M 209 

Elliott, P 299 

Epperson, B 300 

Epperson, F 300 

Evans, E .301 

Evans, T. B 301 

Feather. A 30,=; 

Feather. W. P .3aS 

Ferguson, D .302 

Ferguson, R. J 302 

Ferree.J 3"3 

Ferree. J. C 303 

Flinn, R. H 304 

Flinn. V 304 

Forbes, J. W 306 

Forbes, W. A 306 

Eraser. J .307 

Eraser, W 307 

Frazee, A .308 

Frazee, A.M., ^frs. 308 

Garrett, B. F. . . 

Gnult. C 

Gill Family 

Gillaspie, F. C. 
Gillaspie, W. A 
Goldsberry, J. J. 
Goldsberry, T. . , 

Good, G 

Good, J 

Gratton. J 

Gravbill, D 

I Graybill, N 

Gregory, B. M 314 

Groves, G. W 315 

Groves, J 315 

Gumery, B. M 316 

Hadlev, M 317 

Hadley, Z 317 

Hamilton, G. H.... 318 

Hamilton, J 318 

Harmon, A 322 

Harmon, J. B 322 

Harrison, G 326 

Harrison, J 323 

Harrison, J. H 324 

Harrison, J. S 326 

Harrison, R. W . . .323 

Hawk, C 327 

Hawk. J. R 327 

Hedge, D 460 

Henry, J. K 328 

Henr'y, M 329 

Henry, M. M 323 

Henr'y, W. N 329 

Hig-bee, E 330 

Hig-bee, J 330 

Hoffman, F 331 

Hollingsworth, I. . . 332 
Holling-sworth, S.. 332 

Holloman, D 333 

Holloman, W 333 

Holloway, A. N.... 334 

Holloway, M 339 

Hollo-way. W 334 

Hook, X. M 341 

Hook, S. T 341 

Hostetter, D 340 

Hostetter, AV. H . . . . 340 

Howard. A. L 342 

Howard, J 342 

Hvsong-. J. A 343 

Hvsong, P 343 

Irick, J. R 345 

Irick, T. H ..^ 345 

Isenhour. I 347-348 

Isenhour, I. J 347 

Isenhour, J 348 

Isenhour, M. A. Mrs 346 
Isenhour, N 346 

Jauies. J 350 

James. J. W 350 

Jett, M. C, Mrs 350 

Jett, S 350 

Jett. W. S 349 

Johnson, G. H . . .351 

Johnson. J. C 353 

Jones. J 353 

Jones, J. C 354 

Jones, J. M 355 

Jones, W. A 354 

Jones. W. H 358 


Kern, J. J 359 

Kern, W 359 

Kernodle, J 229 

Kersey, J 360 

Kibbey, J.H 361 

Kibbey, M 361 

Kuser, \V. A 363 

LafoUette, C. C... 364 

Lane, J 363 

Lane. L 365 

Lane, W 36j 

Lanham, J. M 366 

Lewis, B 250 

Lewis, C 249 

Lewis, F 368 

Lewis, G. W 368 

LoR-an. J 432 

Lyster, G 367 

Lyster, P. B 367 

McDaniel, J 511 

McKey, B. F 371 

McKey. J. C 371 

McKinlev, J. F .... 372 
McMurrav, T. J.... 374 

Mace, F ." 375 

Mace, S 375 

Mahoney, B. P . . . . 377 

Mahoney, H 377 

Manner, D 380 

Manner, M. M 380 

Martin, J 378 

Martin, T.H 378 

Martin, W. L 305 

Masters, J. S 385 

Masters, S. K 379 

Maxwell, H 416 

Mayes, J. H 386 

Mescheter. C 380 

Meyer, H 387 

Meyer, K. H 387 

Miller, A 391 

Miller, CM 390 

Miller, G. D 391 

Miller, G. E 388 

Miller, R. S 385 

Miller, W 390 

Moffit, A 392 

Moffit, E. E 393 

Moore, J. F 393 

Moore, N 331 

Moore, P 393 

Moulton, S 394 

Nave, C. C 396 

Neal, C. F. S 468 

Neal, J 467 

Neal, S 467 

Neese, A 400 

Neese, G 399 

Neese, M 399 

Neff, A 399 

Neff, J 396 

Neidlingrer, J. M... 395 
Noe, R. B 399 

Osborn, C... 
Osborn, D. ? 
Ottingrer, J.. 
Ottinger, M. 

Palmer, N. J.. 

Parr. J 

Parr, T. J.... 

Pedig-o, J 

Pedigo, J. O.. 
Phillips, W... 
Phillips, W. A. 
Pinnell, H .... 
Pitteng-er, H. M 
Pittenger, N 
Porter, F. K 
Potinger, R. 

Randall, O. E. 

Rav, C 

Ray, J 

Rees, E 

Rees. M. A., Mrs 

Rees, .O 

Rees. W 

Richardson, G 
Richardson, J. 
Rickards, N... 
Rickards, W. T 

Rilev, E 

Rilev, J 

Riley. W. G... 
Roark. J. W... 
Kobbins, J. F. 
Robbins, M... 
Robbins. M. L 
Roberts, W. R 
Robertson, B.. 
Robertson. S. 
Ronk, D. W... 

Ronk, S 

Rose, C 

Rose, M. H.... 

Rnss, J 

Ross, W. M... 
Runion, S 

Sandy, J. A... 
Sandv, W. H.. 
Sandford, G... 
Sandford, R. W 
Saunders, J. M 
Saunders, J. R. 
Schultz, J. C... 
Schultz, M. C . 
Schultz. W. H. 

Scott. C. W 

Scott, G. W 

Scott, J. M 

Scott, N. N.... 

Scott, S 

Shaw, J 

Shaw, N.... 
Shelby. A . . . 
Shelby, A. J 
Shelby, B. F 

Shell, L 

Shelley, I... 
Shepherd. H. J. 
Shepherd, T. H 

Shera, C 

Shera, J 

Sherrill, H. Z 

Shirley, D 

Shirley, E..., 
Shirley. H... 

Shirley, J 

Shirley, J. S. 
Shirley. J. W 
Shirley. L. T 

Shoe. J 

Shoemaker, G 
Shoemaker. L. 
Shumate. F. 
Shumate, J . 



Sicks, P 

Sicks, T. O... 
Sims, G. -W... 
Sims, J. A. J. 
Sims. W. A... 
Slagle, .L W.. 
Slayback.E. J. 
Slavback, W.. 
Slavback. W. I 

Slocum. J 

Slocum, R 

Smith, A. H . 
Smith, G. W.. 

Smith, J 

Smith, J. P... 

Smith, P 

Smith, P., Mrs 

Smith. S 

Smith, V. E... 
Smith, W. J.. S 
Smith. W.W.. 

Srite. A 

Srite, R 

Steed, H. C... 
Stephenson, A 
Stephenson, O 
Stephenson, R 
Stevenson. G 
Stoker, J. W.. 

Stoker, T 

Storm. S. M. . 

Stuckey, J 

Stuckey, J. C 
Summers. A. B 

Sutton. W 

Swails. N 

Swope, E. H.. 
Swope, J. M. . . 

Threlkeld, D. M.. 

Threlkeld. G 

Todd, J 

Todd, J. S 

Troutman, B 

Troutman, J. W.. 

Turner. J. M 

Turner, J. W 

Turner, S 

Turner, T. S 

Van Arsdall, W 
Vandever. J... 
Vandever. S. D 
Vandever. W.G 

Waddle. I 

Waddle. M. 
West, J. E. 
West. S.... 
West. S. A. 
West, W... 
Wheeler, B. 
Wheeler. J. 
Whetsell.I. X. 
Whetsell, W. W. 
Whitelv. E... 
Whitelv, F... 
Whitely, W.. 
Whitlow, B. ( 
Whitlow. P.. 
Wile. J. E.. . 

Wiley. H 

Wiley. W. H-, 
WileV, W. S... 
Wilharn. G.. 
Williamson, 1 
Williamson. W 
Witham. F.J , 
Withara, W... 

Witt, D 

Witt, J. B 

Witt, J. W..., 
Witt, W. W... 
Worley. J. W 
Worley. S.... 
Worrell. J. D. . 
Worrell. F. N 
Wrennick. G. T. 
Wynkoop, I. . 
Wynkoop. J. ' 

Young, F. . . . 
Young, J. V. . 
Young, W. . . . 

Ziou, A.. Mrs 
Zion,C. M... 


Zion, W 

dall, S. E., 

... 508 
H. 508 


Adams, J. G 

. 197 

Barker, I.N 

. 207 

Booher, B 

. 220 

Bradshaw, T. E,.. 

. 225 

Cobb, T. A 

. 258 

Cobb, T. A., Mrs. 

. 259 

Cox, S. F 

. 383 

Cragun, S. N 

. 272 

Dailey, A. C 

. 278 

Doyal, D. D 293 

Hamilton, G. H 319 

Hamilton, G. H., 

Mrs 319 

Holloway, A. N.... 336 
HoUoway, A. N., 

Mrs 337 

McKey, B. F 370 

Neal, C. F. S 470 

Neal, C. F. S., Mrs. 471 

Osborn, D. W 402 

Rees, E..." 412 

Rees, E., Mrs 413 

Rees, 417 

Riley, W. G 425 

Schultz, W. H 442 

Scott, C. W 448 

Shumate, F 464 

Smith, W. J 488 

Swope, J. M 496 

Swope, J. M., Mrs.. 497 

Turner, T. S 506 

Witt, J. B 524 

Witt, J. B., Mrs.... 525 

Zion, CM 535 


Allen, 1 567 

Allen, J 565 

Allen, M 566 

Allen, M. R 565 

Allen, S 568 

Allen, S. B 568 

Allen, T 568 

Alter, D 560 

Alter, J 560 

Anderson, D. W 570 

Anderson, E 570 

Anderson Family.. 569 

Anderson, J 569 

Anderson, S 569 

Bailey, S 768 

Bailey, T 571 

Bailey, W 571 

Baker, A 557 

Baker, D 591 

Baker. G. W 572 

Baker. W 572 

Ball, D. M 573 

Ball, J 572 

Ball, M 574 

Earner, D. P 576 

Earner, H 574 

Earner, J 574 

Bayless, J. M 579 

Bavless, S. 579 

Beaver, E. C 581 

Beaver, J. M. F.... 581 

Beebout, P , 582 

Beebout, W 582 

Berg-en, E. D 5^8 

Bergren, 1 588 

Berryman, C. E 589 

Berryman, W. N. . . 589 

Bewsev, A. W 588 

Bewsey, S 588 

Bird. G. W 590 

BInck. r> ."=87 

lIli->. S. E 591 

BiTstone, M 591 

Blystone, S. M 591 

Bonham, D. M 593 

Bonhani, J 593 

Bond. E. J 592 

Bond, M. U 592 

Boomer, H. A 900 

Boulden, A. H 594 

Boulden. J. M 594 

Brand, S. A 901 

Brand, W 901 

Brandon, A 903 

Brandon, S 903 

Bridgford, C. M.... 595 
Bridg-ford, W. B... 595 

Eristow, J 902 

Bristow, M 902 

Brock, A. D 596 

Brock, E 596 

Erookie, J. A 599- 

■Erookie, W 599 

Brooks, R., Jr., ... 599 

Brooks, W. W 599 

Brown, J 600 

Brown, L 600 

Eurget, E 601 

Burg-et, W 601 

Burget, W. M 602 

Burns, E. H 870 

Cadle, J 739 

Caldwell, J. J 602 

Caldwell, J. W 602 

Calloway, J. H 737 

Cammack, N. H.... 603 

Cammack. S 603 

Canfield, B. N 605 

Canfield. M. S 604 

Carter, E 606 

Carter, M. A 609 

Carter, R 606 

Carter, R. J 845 

Carver. J 753 

Carver, M. A 609 

Carver. P 609 

Cast, H 610 

Cast. J. R 610 

Catterlin, N. T.... 904 

ri-ar-"iP". R fiJfi 

Cli.-:dl.-. J B 

Chiitick, A Gil 

Chittick, C 611 

Clapper, D 612 

Clapper. H 612 

Clapper, J. E 617 

Clapper. J. K 612 

Clark, A. F 617-822 

Clark, C 90S 

Clark, D. C 618 

Clark, J 619 

Clark, J. 1 619 

Clark, M 620 

Clark, M. L 621 

Clark, R. C 604 

Clark, W 621 

Clark, W. N 621 

Coapstick, J. H.... 622 

Coapstick, S 622 

Cohee, A 623 

Cohee, H. M 622 

Cohee, S 623 

Cohee, S. C 623 

Collins, G. W 624 

Collins, J. W 624 

Cooper, A. L 626 

Cooper, J 62.5-626 

Cooper, J. N 625 

Cosner, J 627 

Cosner, N. W 627 

Cosner, W 627 

Covely, D 628 

CovelY. F. G 628 

Cox t. B 903 

Cox. W 822 

Coyner. J 629 

Coyner. M 629 

Cripe, D. E 630 

Cripe, 1 630 

Cripe, J 630 

Cripe, L. E ........ 841 

Crull, W 567 

Cunningham, W.R. 633 

Curry, J 635 

Curtis, C. P 850 

Daily, J. W 634 

Daily, P 634 

Dalbey, J 635 

Pnlbry.R 635 

I);ill..v, T. C i:i^ 

DaaieU, L. II O.o 

Daniels, T. S . . . . 636 

Davis, J 641 

Davis, H 642 

Davis, M. P 642 

Davis, N. C 640 

Davis, S. M 645 

Davis, W 641 

Davis, W. B 640 

Davison, S.N 645 

Davison, W 645 

Deal, D 646 

Deal, W. H 646 

Detrick, J. S 647 

Detrick, P 647 

Dorner, P 6.56 

Doty, G 654 

Doty, W 654 

Doyal, J 652 

Doyal, J. \V 652 

Doyal, R. N 654 

Doyal, S. H 651 

Douglass, F 657 

Douglass, I. W 658 

Douglass, J 656-658 

Douglass, S 656 

Dow, E 903 

Drumheller, C. K.. 663 
Drumheller, G. N.. 663 

Dunn, A. Z 662 

Dunn, G. W 661 

Dunn, J 661 

Dunn, J. G 662 

Dunn, W. L 662 

Dunn, Z 662 

Dunnintrton, E. M. 669 
Dunnington, H. D. 664 
Dunniugton, W.... 664 

Earhart, A. L. S... 670 

Earhart, G 669 

Earhart, S. S 669 

Edmonds, A 673 

Edmonds, O. W.... 673 

Edmonds, R. J 673 

Ely, J 571 

Engle, S. S 674 

Engle, W 674 

Farber. B F (,7', 

r^rbcr, C. S ()':') 

Farber. J. C 679 

Fee.-er, H 675 

Feeser, J 675 

Fennell, C. E 675 

Fennell, Shaw & Co 675 
Fisher, J 67i 


Fisher, S. B 

.. 67.3 

Hedgcock, J. W... 


Floyd, E. R 

.. 677 

Hiatt, A. L 


Fowler, G.Y 

.. 67S 

Hiatt, C 


Freas, J 

.. 628 

Hiatt, C. T 


Friend, J. S 

.. 677 


71 S 

Friend, P. I 

.. 677 

Hill, J 

Fudge D 


Hill T 


.. 6S0 

Hill W C 


Gangwer, M 

Gauffwer, T 

Hillis, A 


.. 6S0 

HiUis, B. F 


Gard, J 

.. 631 

Hinds, J 



Hinds S 


Gard P W 

. . 681 

Hines W 


Gard W 

Hines, W. R 

Hodgen J 


Gard W. S 


GaskiU, N. J 

.. 687 

Hodgen, ■«• 


.. 687 


Gaskill, W. F. P.. 

.. 68S 

HoUcratt, .T 



Holmes, H. D 


Gaylor, E. II.... 

.. 683 

Holmes. J. M 


Geiger, F 

.. 689 

Hoover. S. A 

Geiger, J 

. . 689 

Horlacher. D 


Ghere, W. H 

.. 690 

Horlacher, L 


.. 690 

Hood, J 


Goar E J 

. 691 

Horn F 


Goar J 

Horn, I 


Goar, J. M 

. . 692 

Humble, P 


Gocheoauer, D... 

. . 693 

Humble, W. A.... 


Gochenauer, L. 

.. 694 

Gochenauer, W.. 

. . 693 

Irbv, S. P 


Gochenour, H.. . , 

.. 694 

Irbv, W. R 


Gochenour, J 

.. 694 

Irwin, R. S 


Goff, A 

.. 695 

Irwin, R. W 


Goff, A. P 

. 695 

Irwin, S 


Goldsberrv, F. M 

.. 695 

Goldsberrv, M. B. 

. . 696 

Jackson. W 


Goodnight, R 

.. 697 

Jackson, Vr.L,... 


Goodnight, W.... 

.. 697 

January, E 


Gorham, B. H . . . 

. . 699 

Jenkins, H 


Gorham.G. L... 

. . 693 

Jenkins, W. G .... 


Gorham. P. T.... 

. . 693 

Johnson, H. C 


Johnson, ■R'. F.... 
Johnson & Kerrick 

Gregg, J. T 

. 700 


Guenther, C. G. . . 

.. 701 

Jones, A, L 


Guenther, C. H. W 

.. 701 

Kainath, J 


Hall, J. B 

.. 705 

Keedy, H 


Hall, N 

. . 705 

Keedy. H. J 


Halstead,G. W... 

. 702 

Keedy, W. H 


Halstead H 

. 702 

Kelly D.. 


Hamilton, A. H.. 

Kelly, W 


Hamilton, H. R.. 
Hamilton, S 

. 706 

. 706 

Kempf \ 

Kempf, A. B 


Hamilton, T. M . 

. 707 

Kempf, G. L 


Harbaugh, G. C. 

. 702 

Kempf, W. L 

Harbaugh, W. G. 
Hardestv, O 

. 655 

Kent, G. A 


Haywood, J 

.. 797 

Kent, J. V 


Heaton, A. J 

. 901 

Kerrick. L. H 


Heavilon, J 

. 703 

Keyes, J 


Heavilon, T 

. 708 

Keyes, J.^V 


Hedgcock, J. A.. 



Hedgcock, J. S... 

. 710 

Keyes, T.P 


Keyes, W. L 751 

Kimmel, C 752 

Kimmel, D. J.. .. . 752 

King, W 692 

Klopfer, A. J 753 

Knapp, S. 753 

Kramer, W. B., Sr.. 754 

Kressel, H 755 

Kressel, J 7SS 

Kressley, H 756 

Kressley, 756 

Kuhns, H 758 

Kuhns, S 758 

Kyger, G 757 

Kyger, S 757 

Lackey, E 763 

Lacke'y, I. H 764 

Lamphier, F. A 763 

Lamphier, R 763 

Lanam, J 764 

Lanam, W 764 

Lane, B. W 766 

Lane, J 767 

Lane, W. A 766 

Larkin, J 708 

Lee. G. R 732 

Leisure, A 768 

Long, D 770 

Long, S. K 770 

Ludington, J. F.... 769 

Ludington, S 769 

Lutz, J 651 

Lydick, G 710 

Lyon, S 775 

Lyon, S. W 775 

McClamroch, R 776 

McClamroch. T.... 776 

McConnell, A 897 

McConnell, A I 777 

McConnell. J. L 777 

McDavis, J 773 

McDavis, W 778 

McDonald, J. H. .. 791 

McGuire, J 781 

McGuire, W. H 781 

McKenzie. A 784 

McKenzie, D 783 

McKenzie. R 783 

McKinsey, N 782 

McKinsey, M. B.... 782 

McOuinn, E 785 

McQuinn, J 786 

McOuinn, J. T 785 

Madison, C 786 

Madison, C. T 786 

Maish,D 7.89 

Maish, D.,Sr 789 

Maish, D. F 793 

Maish, H 792 

Maish, J 791 

Maish, M 791 

Maish, W. H 792 

Maish, W. P 794 

Martz, J 756 

Masters, C 794 

Masters, J 797 

Masters, T. W 794 

Meifeld, J. B 793 

Meifeld, J. G 798 

Mendenhall, A. L. . 799 

Mendenhall, C 799 

Meridith, J. W 800 

Meridith, W. R 800 

Merrill, G 801 

Merrill, S. W 801 

Merritt, A 798 

Merritt, J 800 

Merritt, J. H 798 

Merritt, L. C 800 

Michael, W 802 

Milani, G. A 807 

Miller. C 808 

Miller, E 803 

Miller, J 803 

Miller, J. S 804 

Miller, L '. . . 809 

Miller, O. S 808 

Miller, S 804 

Mohler, A 809 

Mohler, H 809 

Mohler, S 809 

Moore, G. E 810 

Moore, J 810 

Moore, J. W SIO 

Moore, J. Z 813 

Morris, J 604 

Morrison, H. Y 811 

Morrison, I 811 

Morrison, M. A 813 

Morrison, O. A. J.. 814 

Murphy, A 817 

Murphy, J 817 

Muse, F. C 813 

Mushlitz, F. A 818 

Mushlitz, M 818 

Nevhard, J 617 

Orr, C 810 

Orr, J. S 829 

Orr, M 819 

Osborne, D. W 820 

Osterday, B 821 

Osterday, H. W. . . . 821 

Painter, E.B., Mrs. 822 

Painter, I. N 822 

Palmer, R. F 826 

Palmer, T. H 825 

Palmer, W 825 

Parker, A 826 

Parker, A. P 826 

Parker, R 582 

Parsons, O. C 827 

Parsons, P 8-27 

Partridge, E 829 

Partridge, T. J 829 

Patrick, J 829 


Patrick, R 830 

Patrick, W 829 

Patrick, W.T 830 

Paul, P 831 

Paul, S. F 831 

Pay,W. E 840 

Payne, E 832 

Payne, W 832 

Pence, C. P 833 

Pence, J 833 

Pence, M. C 565 

Perrin, H. C 834 

Perrin. S...^ 834 

Peter, E. L 830 

Peter, R 839 

Peter, W 839 

Peters, C 839 

Peters, F. T 839 

Peters, H 890 

Petre, D 840 

Petre, J 840 

Petty, J. A 841 

Piner, G 842 

Piner, T. C 842 

Powers, W 842 

Pruitt, J 843 

Revis, D 845 

Revis, E 844 

Revis, J. G 844 

Rice, J 846 

Rice. J. A 846 

Robbins, J 884 

Rodenbargfer, H ... 845 

Ross, A 849 

Ross, J. A 849 

Roush, W. J 850 

Ruch, P ....." 758 

Russell, J 851 

Russell, T. D 851 

Scroggrv.J. E 852 

Sellers, A 852 

Sellers, J. H 852 

Shaw, C. E 675 

Shearer, H 853 

Shearer, J. A 853, D. F . . . . 853 
Sheridan. H. C... 853 

Silpher, S 669 

Sims, C 856 

Sims, J.N 8.54 

Sims, L 857 

Sims, S 854 

Sims. W. S 857 

Slipher, D 858 

Slipher, S 853 

Smith, H. L 860 

Smith, J. H 870 

Smith, J. W 859 

Smith, M. J., Mrs.. 860 

Smith, R 863 

Smith, R. E. C 862 

Smith, T 859 

Smith, T.J 862 

Smith, W 859 

Smith, W. T 863 

Smock. J 865 

Smock, M. M 865 

Snodfjrass, G 864 

Sncdg-rass, R 864 

Snyder, J 866 

Snvder, W. V 866 

Sparks, J 866 

Sparks, J. A 866 

Sparks, T 866 

Spitznag-le, A 867 

Spitznag-le, J. N ... 867 

Spray, A 868 

Sprav, H. N 868 

Spray, W 868 

Stafford, E 560 

Staley, A 869 

Staley, E. H 869 

■ Staley. W. H 870 

Staley & Burns 870 

Starkey, B. F 872 

Starkey, J 764 

Starkey, T. G 871 

Stinson, H 

Strangre, H 871 

Strans-e. S 871 

StD.up, J 872 

Stultz, P 873 

Stultz, W. A 873 

Teetfuarden, F. M . 874 
TeeRuarden, W. H. 874 

Temple, E. V 876 

Temple, G. W 875 

Temple, J 875 

Thomas, H. H . . . .876 

Thomas. L. L 878 

Thomas, M. L 876 

Thomas, P. K 878 

Thompson, C.C. .. 879 
Thompson, J. C. F. 878 
Thompson, G. L... 879 

Thompson, T 879 

Ticen, P 880 

Toops, J 881 

Toops, T 881 

Trask, E 882 

Trout, A 883 

Trout, D 883 

Trout, I 883 

Trout, J 883 

Van Ausdell, H.... 588 

Wag-ner, B. D 663 

Walker, C. E 884 

Walker, J 884 

Watt, J 887 

Weidener. D 891 

Weaver, O. P 887 

Weaver, W.V 888 

West, A 697 

Wharrv, J. A 888 

Wharry. J. S 888 

White. G. W 889 

White, H 889 

Whiteman, J 890 

Whiteman. W 890 

Winship, J 693, J. B 891 

Wolf, A., Mrs 813 

Wratten, E 892 

Wratten, L 892 

WriR-ht, A 895 

Wrig-ht, N. W 895 

YounfT.J. L 895 

Younj,s G. T 897 

Young-, R 898 

Young, R. 898 

Yundt, D 899 

Yundt, G 899 


Allen, M, R 562 . 

Allen, Mrs. M. R... 563 

Baker, Abner 554 

Baker, Mrs. Abner. 555 

Bavless. S. O 578 

Beebout, P 584 

Beebout, Mrs. A.... 585 
Berryman, W. N... 588 

Brock, A.D 597 

Carver, M. A 608 

Clapper, J. K 614 

Clapper, Mrs. J. K.. 615 

Cripe, D. E 


Hedffcock, J. A 


Davis, M. P 


Hill. J 


Davis. Mrs. M. P . . 


Hinds, J 


Douglass, I. W.... 


Hinds, Mrs. H. L. . 


Doyal. S. H 


Hines, W. R 


Earhart, S. S 


HoUcratt, A., be- 

Earhart,Mrs. E... 


tween 730 and.. 

73 1 

Earhart, A. L. S.. 


Hollcratt, Mrs. A. 

Gard, Dr. O 


between 730 and. 


Groups of Old Set 

Horlacher, D 


tiers. 796, 797, 836 

, 837 

Horlacher, Mrs. D. 


Harbaugh, G. C... 


Lamphier, F. R... 


Lamphier, Mrs. F. 

R 761 

Lyons, S. W 772 

Lyons, Mrs. S. W.. 773 

McGuire, W. H 780 

Maish, D 788 

Painter. I. N 823 

Petre, D 841 

Ross, J. A 848 

Wratten, L 893 


Acton, A 10/2 

Adams, J 972 

Adanis,J.C 972 

Adams, J. Q 972 

Adams, S %S 

Adams, T 973 

Adams, T. J 956 

Adams, W.J 96S 

Alexander, F. M...1011 

Alexander, H 1011 

Alexander, T. B...1012 

Alexander, W 1011 

Anderson, T. T....10S2 

Bailey, J 974 

Bailey, M....-; 974 

Baird, B 937 

Barber, J. W 960 

Barber, T 960 

Barlow. H. R 1033 

Barlow, J. M 1033 

Bartholomew, E.... 991 

Beadle, R 1091 

Beadle, S 1091 

Beadle, W. R 1090 

Season, W 1092 

Bedford, T. L 952 

Blake, J 974 

Blake. R. W 974 

Bone, G. M 954 

Bourne, J. N 1078 

Bowen. N. E., Mrs-. 937 

Bovd, O. P 1017 

BoVd. W. T 1017 

Brent, I.N 1064 

Brent, S Ii:i64 

Brewer, U. C 1096 

Brown, N 999 

Brown, S 999 

Brumfield, J. T....1050 
Brumfield, W. E...1050 

Bryant, R. B liD95 

Burgess, T 914 

Byrum, J 997 

Carter, A. W 1023 

Carter, J 1024 

Carter, J. D 1082 

Carter, S 1082 

Cassitv, L 934 

Catterson, J 1055 

Catterson, J. P 1055 

Catterson, R 1055 

Champion, J. M....1001 

Champion, T 1001 

Christie, Family. . .1027 

Christie, J 1028 

Christie, J. P 1030 

Christie, L 1030 

Christie, T 1029 

Christie, W 1028 

Clav, J. H 1044 

Clay. L. B 1044 

Clay, S 1044 

Cline, I. C 1076 

Cline, P 1011 

Cline, W. C 1076 

Coble, E.W 1013 

Coble, G. W 1013 

Cofer, T.J 1093 

Coffin, L 914 

Cooper, U. C 1096 

Cosner, A 1016 

Cosner, J 1015 

Cosner, M lOlS 

Cosner, W 1001 

Couch, J 939 

Couch, J. E 939 

Crews, W 1000 

Cumberworth, G...1026 
Curran, T. W 1026 

Davis, B. F 959 

Davis, C. W 969 

Davis, E 960 

Davis, J 946 

Davis, R. F 969 

Davis, W. M 1098 

Day, E 975 

Day, T 975 

Dillon, M 1052 

Dillon, W 1064 

Dillon, W. M 1064 

Dooley, A. T 943 

Dooley, T. S 943 

Dutican, G. H 957 

Duncan, H 958 

Dyer, C 1010 

Over, D. F 1077 

Dyer, W. F 1010 

Edmondson, B. F..107S 

Elrod, J 996 

Elrod, J. W 996 

Emmons, J 947 

Emmons, J. M 947 

Etchyson, P 999 

Euliss, M. A 1099 

Fleece, C 959 

Fleece, J. H 958 

Foster, J 977 

Foster, J. H...' 1015 

Foster, R. J 977 

Fowler, A 976 

Fowler, S 976 

Gambold, E. A 996 

Gambold, J. C 996 

Garrison, J. B 1092 

Gibbs, G 1036 

Gibbs, H. H 1'036 

Glover, A. R 1090 

Goodrich, E 995 

Goodrich, 1 995 

Goodrich, J 995 

Gorsell, J 1065 

Gossett, B 1077 

Graham, T. F 1066 

Hadley, A 1041 

Hadley.D 920 

Hadley, E 1010 

Hadlev, E. R 921 

Hadley, Family.... 916 
Hadley, H, Mrs,... 919 

Hadley, H. C 1008 

Hadley, Jehu 1002 

Hadley, J 919,913 

Hadley, J., Mrs 1007 

Hadle'y, J. A 1063 

Hadley, J. T 921 

.Hadley, J. V 1037 

Hadley, J. Z 1037 

Hadley, N 919 

Hadley. R., Mrs.... 919 

Hadley, S., Sr 917 

Hadley, T 920 

Hadley, T., Mrs.... 913 

Hadley, W. T 918 

Halbert. R. J 97.5 

Halfaker, J 978 

Halfaker, J. H 978 

Hammonds, W 1024 

Hamrick. J. W 10 8 

Hamrick. W. F 948 

Hardwick, S. F....1097 

Harlan, C. E 949 

Harlan, J. B 950 

Harvey, N 1043 

Hedg-e", A 971 

Hedg-e, C. A 970 

Hedg-e, C. B 977 

Hedgre. D 970 

Hedge, G. W 970 

Hedpe, W 970 

Hedg-es, A 1078 

Henderson, W 992 

Henry, G 966 

Henry, T 966 

Hester, A 965 

Hester, A. V 965 

Hester, J 965 

Hig-g-ins, T 937 

Hill, D. F 952 

Hill, S 952 

Hill, W 1041 

Hoak, A 1052 

Hoak, C 1052 

Hoak, J 1052 

Hoak, M 1052 

Hodges, D. L 992 

Hodges, W 992 

Hodson, E. W 985 

Hodson, J. B 983 

Hoffman, D 962 

Hogate, C. F 1047 

Hogate, J. D 1047 

Holcombe, J. W,... 932 
Hornaday, E. C ...1051 

Hornaday, I '1034 

Hornaday, S 1051 

Hostetter, D 1045 

Hostetter, J. D 1045 

Hostetter, S 1045 

Hufford, G 1074 

Hufford, H 1074 

Hufford. H. H., Jr.. 1075 

Hufford, J. A 1069 

Humston, J. E 953 

Humston, W. M 953 

Hunt, A 1031, 1009 

Hunt, C 1009, 709 

Hunt, C. Z.- 942 

Hunt, D 940 

Hunt,H 1076 

Hunt, 1 1031 

Hunt, Ira 984 

Hunt, T 984 

Hunt, W 1094 

Hunt, Z 940 

Hunter, C 941 

Huron, B. A 1085 

Huron, F. H .1085 

Husey, J 984 

Hylton, W 1067 

Jessee, S 967 

Johnson, E 1020 

Johnson, J 1020 

Johnson. L 1020 

Johnson, W. K 1068 

Jordon, G. W 1070 

Jordon, J. A 1070 

I Keeny. G 955 

I Keeny. J. F 1062 

Keeny, J. H 1062 

Keeny, J.I 955 

Keeny, M 955 

Kelso, G 994 

Kelso, W 994 

Kennedy, J. ..1059, 1060 

Kersey, A 983 

Kersey, J 983 

I Kilgore, W 973 

King, E. D 935 

King, W. A 935 

! Kreys, G 1029 

I Kurtz, H. F 925 

I Kurtz, J 925 

I Lakin, W. N. . . . . . ..1079 

I Lamb, A 964 

Lamb, J 964 

1 Lambert, J 1060 

Leak, G. W., Jr 981 

Leak. T. J 981 

Leathers, J. M 1062 

Leathers, L. M 1062 

Lindley, A 913 

Little. A 1021 

Little, S 1021 

McClain, B. S 1035 

McClain, G. B 1072 

McClain, G. D 1099 

McClain, M. S 1035 

McCloud, W. H. H..1019 
McCormick, J. K... 925 




Patrick, N.N... 


Sandusky, T. J... 


Underwood, J. .1030, 956 

McFall, J 

.... 940 

. . 1086 

Sellers, J. B 

. 932 

Underwood, N... . 


Mabe, J.M.... 

1094, 990 

. Pennington, H.. 

.. 967 

Sellers,!. C 

. 933 

Mabe, S 


Pennington, P.. 

.. 967 

Sharp, J 

. 945 

Marshall, A... 

.... 935 

Peugh, N 


Sharp, M., Mrs.... 

. 944 

Van Nice, L. L... 

Vaughn, J. L 


Marshall, J. S 


Phillips, E 

.. 991 

Shirley, F. M 


Martin, J. R.. 
Martin, J. S.. 



Phillips, J. W... 
Phillips, S 

.. 991 

Shirley, J. A 

Shirley, W. T 

. 982 


Martin, P. B.. 


Phillips, W 

. 991 

Shultz, S. T 


Vestal J 


Mason, J 

Pierson, D. A... 



Mason, M 


Pike, W 


Smith, A. F 


Masten, J 



Smith, D 


Masten, M 


Plummer, T.. . . 


Smith, E. J 


Masten, N 


Prather, F. B... 


Smith, J 



Mattern, J 


Pratt, J. D 

. . 1093 

Smith, S. H.,Mrs. 


.... 1047 

Smith, W. B 


Maxwell, A... 


Ragan, A 

.. 921 

Smith. W.J 


Watson, T. J 


Maxvrell, H .. 


Rains, H 



. 947 

Watts, G 

Merritt, G. S. 


Rains, J 

. . 1022 

Stanley, C. S.... 

. 999 

Merritt, G. W. 


Randall, T 

.. 945 

Starbuck, S 


Meyers, G 


Randall, W... . 

.. 945 

Stiles, J 


Miles, J. G... 


Reagan, J 


Miller, D. M. . 


Reagan, J. M... 


Taylor, J. A 


. 989 

Miller, H 


Reagan, J. S. .. 


Taylor, J. T 


Miller, R. H. . 


Reese. J. S 


Taut, W 


Miller, W 


Reitzel, A. R 

Templin, J. W. . . 


Millman, J.... 


Reitzel, D 


Templin, S 


. 989 

Mills. J 

Rhoades, J. L. . . 
Richardson, J... 


Thomas, B. F.... 
Thomas, D. F.. . 

. 931 

Williams, J 

Mitchell, W. C 



Richardson, W.. 

... 988 

Thomas, E. D 

. 930 

Newlin, J 


Ritter, J 


Thomas, M 

. 930 

Newman, C. . . 


Robbins, B 

... 963 

Thompson, T 


Nichols, A. J.. 


Robbins, M. D. L.. 963 

Tinder, E 

. 948 

Kichols, E. D 

Nichols, J 

Nichols, T.. . 


1020, 929 

Tinder, J 

Tinder, J. W 

Trotter, J. M 

Trotter, J. W.... 

. 948 
. 948 

Rodgers, J 

Rosborough, J. . 
Ross, A. J 

... 962 
... 932 
... 968 

Wilson, W. B 

Winnino-s J. 

. 922 

Woodard, J. H.... 


Oliver, J 


Ross, J. H 

... 969 

Tulley, P. R 


Woodard, P. C... 


Oliver, S 





TuUey, W. F 


Wynn", J. W 

Oliver, S.,Sr. 

Rudd, J 

... 939 


Osborne, J. A 


Underwood Famil 


Pace, W 


Sandusky, J.... 


Underwood, H. H 

. 955 

Young, M 

. 974 


Hadley, Jehu 1004 

Hadley, Jehu, Mrs.. 1005 

Hadley, Job 912 

Halfaker, J. H 979 

ilson, W. B 923 



UNiTTErD sta.te:s, 



in Westmoreland county, Va., Febru- 
ary 22, 1732. His parents were 
Augustine and Marj' (Ball) Washing- 
ton. His great-grandfather, John Washing- 
ton, came from England to Virginia about 
1657, and became a prosperous planter. He 
had two sons, Lawrence and John. The former 
married Mildred \\'amerand had three children, 
John, Augustine and Mildrei' Augustine, the 
father of George, first married Jane Butler, 
who bore him four children, two of whom, 
Lawrence and Augustine, reached maturity. 
Of six children by his second marriage, George 
was the eldest, the others being Betty, Sam- 
uel, John Augustine, Charles and Mildred. 

Augustine Washington, the father of George, 
died in 1743. leaving a large landed property. 
To his eldest son, Lawrence, he bequeathed 
an estate on the Potomac, after\vard known 
as Mount Vernon, and to George he left the 
parental residence. George received only 
such education as the neighborhood schools 
afforded, save for a short time after he left 
school, when he received private instructions 
in mathematics. 

He was an acknowledged leader among his 
companions, and was early noted for that 
nobleness of character, fairness and veracity 
which characterized his whole life. 

When George was fourteen years old he had 

a desire to go to sea, and a midshipman's warrant 
was secured for him, but through the opposi- 
tion of his mother the idea was abandoned. 
Two years later he was appointed suri-eyor to 
the estate of Lord Fairfax. In this business 
he spent three years. In 175 1, though only 
nineteen years of age, he was appointed ad- 
jutant with the rank of major in the Virginia 
militia, then being trained for active ser\-ice 
against the French and Indians. Soon after 
this he sailed to the West Indies with his 
brother Lawrence, who went there to restore 
his health. They soon returned, and in the 
summer of 1752 Lawrence died, leaving a 
large fortune to an infant daughter, who did 
not long survive him. On her demise the estate 
of Mount Vernon was given to George. 

Upon the arrival of Robert Dinwiddie, as 
lieutenant-governor of Virginia, in 1752, the 
militia was reorganized, and the province 
divided into four military districts, of which 
the northern was assigned to Washington as 

j adjutant-general. Shortly after this a very 
perilous mission was assigned him. This was 
to proceed to the French post near Lake Erie 
in northwestern Pennsylvania. The distance 
to be traversed was between 500 and 600 miles. 
Winter was at hand, and the journey was to 

; be made without military- escort, through a 
territory- occupied by Indians. The trip was a 
perilous one. and several times he came near 



in \\'estnioreland county, Va., Febru- 
ary 22, 1732. His parents were 
Augustine and Mary (Bali) Washing- 
ton. His great-grandfather, John Washing- 
ton, came from England to Virginia about 
1657, and became a prosperous planter. He 
had two sons, Lawrence and John. The former 
married Mildred Warner and had three children, 
John, Augustine and Mildred: Augustine, the 
father of George, first married Jane Butler, 
who bore him four children, two of whom, 
Lawrence and Augustine, reached maturity. 
Of si.x children by his second marriage, George 
was the eldest, the others being Betty, Sam- 
uel, John Augustine, Charles and Mildred. 

Augustine Washington, the father of George, 
died in 1743, leaving a large landed property. 
To his eldest son, Lawrence, he bequeathed 
an estate on the Potomac, afterward known 
as Mount Vernon, and to George he left the 
parental residence. George received only 
such education as the neighborhood schools 
afforded, save for a short time after he left 
school, when he received private instructions 
in mathematics. 

He was an acknowledged leader among his 
companions, and was early noted for that 
nobleness of character, fairness and veracity 
which characterized his whole life. 

When George was fourteen years old he had 

a desire to go to sea, and a midshipman's warrant 
was secured for him, but through the opposi- 
tion of his mother the idea was abandoned. 
Two years later he was appointed survej'or to 
the estate of Lord Fairfax. In this business 
he spent three years. In 175 1, though only 
nineteen years of age, he was appointed ad- 
jutant with the rank of major in the Virginia 
mihtia, then being trained for active service 
against the French and Indians. Soon after 
this he sailed to the West Indies with his 
brother Lawrence, who went there to restore 
his health. They soon returned, and in the 
summer of 1752 Lawrence died, leaving a 
large fortune to an infant daughter, who did 
not long survive him. On her demise the estate 
of Mount Vernon was given to George. 

Upon the arrival of Robert Dinwiddie, as 
lieutenant-governor of Virginia, in 1752, the 
militia was reorganized, and the province 
divided into four military districts, of which 
the northern was assigned to Washington as 
adjutant-general. Shortly after this a very 
perilous mission was assigned him. This was 
to proceed to the French post near Lake Erie 
in northwestern Pennsylvania. The distance 
to be traversed was between 500 and 600 miles. 
Winter was at hand, and the journey was to 
be made without military escort, through a 
territory occupied by Indians. The trip was a 
perilous one, and several times he came near 



losing his life, yet he returned in safety and- 
furnished a full and useful report of his expe- 
dition. A regiment of 300 men was raised in 
Virginia and put in command of Col. Joshua 
Fry, and Major Washington was commissioned 
lieutenant-colonel. Active war was then begun 
against the French and Indians, in which 
Washington took a most important pan. In 
the memorable event of July 9, 1735. known 
as Braddock's defeat, Washington was almost 
the only officer of distinction who escaped 
from the calamities of the day with life and 
honor. The other aids of Braddock were dis- 
abled early in the action, and Washington 
alone was left in that capacity on the field. In 
a letter to his brother he says: "I had four 
bullets through my coat, and two horses shot 
under me, yet I escaped unhurt, though death 
was leveling my companions on even.- side." 
\n Indian sharpshooter said he was not born 
to be killed by a bullet, for he had taken direct 
aim at him several times, and failed to hit 
him. After having been five years in the 
military service, he took advantage of the fall 
of Fort Duquesne and the expulsion of the 
French from the valley of the Ohio, to resign 
his commission. Soon after he entered the 
legislature, where, although not a leader, he 
took an active and important part. January 
17, 1759, he married Mrs. Martha (Dandridge) 
Custis, the wealthy widow of John Parke 

When the British parliament had closed 
the port of Boston, the cry went up through- 
out the provinces that ' 'The cause of Boston 
is the cause of us all." It was then, at the 
suggestion of Virginia, that a congress of all 
the colonies was called to meet at PhilaSel- 
phia, September 5, 1774, to secure their com- 
mon liberties, peaceably if possible. To this 
congress Col. Washington was sent as a dele- 
gate. On May 10, 1775, the congress re- 
assembled, when the hostile intentions of Eng- 

land were plainly apparent. The battles of 
Concord and Lexington had been fought. 
Among the first acts of this congress was the 
election of a commander-in-chief of the colo- 
nial forces. This high and responsible office 
was conferred upon Washington, who was still 
a member of the congress. He accepted it on 
June 19, but upon the express condition that 
he receive no salary. He would keep an exact 
account of expenses and expect congress to 
pay them and nothing more. The war was 
conducted by him under every possible disad- 
vantage, and while his forces often met with 
reverses, yet he overcame every obstacle, and 
after seven years of heroic devotion and match- 
less skill, he gained liberty for the greatest 
nation of earth. On December 23, 17S3, 
Washington resigned his commission as com- 
mander-in-chief of the army to the continental 
congress sitting at Annapolis, and retired im- 
mediately to Mount Vernon. 

In February, 1789, Washington was unani- 
mously elected president. In his presidential 
career he was subject to the peculiar trials in- 
cidental to a new government; trials from lack 
of confidence on the part of other govern- 
ments; trials for the want of harmon\' between 
the different sections of our own country; trials 
from the impoverished condition of the coun- 
try, owing to the war and want of credit; trials 
from the beginnings of party strife. 

At the expiration of his first term he was 
unanimously re-elected. At the end of this 
term many were anxious that he be re-elected, 
but he absolutely refused a third nomination. 
On the fourth of March, 1797, he returned to 
his home, hoping to pass there his few remain- 
ing years free from the annoyance of public 
life. Later in the year, however, his repose 
seemed likely to be interrupted by war with 
France. At the prospect of such a war he was 
again urged to take command of the armies. 
He chose his subordinate officers and left to 




them the charge of matters in the field, whicK 
he sxiperintended from'his home. In accepting 
the command he made the reservation that he 
was not to be in the field until it was neces- 
sary. In the midst of these preparations his 
life was suddenly cut off. December 12, he 
took a severe cold from a ride in the rain, 
which, settling in his throat, produced inflam- 
mation, and terminated fatally on the night 
of the 14th. On the iSth his body was borne 
with military honors to its final resting place, 
and interred in the family vault at Mount 

The person of Washington was unusually 
tall, erect and well proportioned. His features 
were of a beautiful symmetry. He commanded 
respect without any appearance of haughtiness, 
and was ever serious without being dull. 

'^-j'OHN ADAMS, the second president 
■ and the first vice-president of the 
A J United States, was born in Braintree, 
now Quincy, Mass., and about ten 
miles from Boston, October 19, 1735. His 
great-grandfather, Henry Adams, emigrated 
from England about 1640, with a family of 
eight sons, and settled at Braintree. The 
parents of John were John and Susannah 
(Boylston) Adams. His father was a farmer 
of limited means, to which he added the busi- 
ness of shoemaking. He gave his eldest son, 
John, a classical education at Harvard college. 
John graduated in 1755, and at once took 
charge of the school in Worcester, Mass. This 
he found but a "school of affliction," from 
which he endeavored to gain relief by devot- 
ing himself, in addition, to the study of l"aw. 
For this purpose he placed himself under the 
tuition of the only lawyer in the town. He 
was well fitted for the legal profession, pos- 
sessing a clear, sonorous voice, being ready and 
fluent of speech, and having quick perceptive 

powers. In 1764 he married Abigail Smith, a 
daughter of a minister, and a lady of superior 
intelligence. Shortly after his marriage (1765) 
the attempt of parliamentary taxation turned 
him from law .to politics. He took initial steps 
toward holding a town meeting, and the resolu- 
tions he offered on the subject became very 
popular throughout the province, and were 
adopted word for word by over forty different 
towns. He moved to Boston in 1768, and 
became one of the most courageous and prom- 
inent advocates of the popular cause, and was 
chosen a member of the general court (the 
legislature) in 1770. 

Mr. Adams was chosen one of the first dele- 
gates from Massachusetts to the first conti- 
nental congress, which met in 1774. Here he 
distinguished himself by his capacity for busi- 
ness and for debate, and advocated the move- 
ment for independence against the majority of 
the members. In May, 1776, he moved and 
carried a resolution in congress that the colo- 
nies should assume the duties of self-govern- 
ment. He was a prominent member of the 
committee of five appointed June 11, to pre- 
pare a declaration of independence. This 
article was drawn by Jefferson, but on Adams 
devolved the task of battling it through con- 
gress in a three days' debate. 

On the day after the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence was passed, he wrote a letter to his 
wife which, as we read it now, seems to have 
been dictated by the spirit of prophecy. 
••Yesterday," he says, "the greatest question 
was decided that ever was debated in America; 
and greater, perhaps, never was or will be 
decided among men. A resolution was passed 
without one dissenting colony, 'that these 
United States are, and of right ought to be, 
free and independent states." The 4th of 
July, 1776, will be a memorable epoch in the 
history of America. I am apt to believe it 
will be celebrated by succeeding generations. 


as the great anniversary festival. It ought to 
be commemorated as- the day of dehverance 
by solemn acts of devotion to Almighty God. 
It ought to be solemnized with pomp, shows, 
games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires, and illu- 
minations from one end of the contment to the 
other, from this time forward for ever. You 
will think me transported with enthusiasm, but 
I am not. I am well aware of the toil, and 
blood and treasure, that it will cost to main- 
tain this declaration, and support and defend 
these states;. yet, through all the gloom, I can 
see the rays of light and glory. I can see 
that the end is worth more than all the means; 
and that posterity will triumph, although you 
and I may rue, which I hope we shall not." 

In November, 1777, Mr. Adams was ap- 
pointed a delegate to France to co-operate 
with Benjamin Franklin and Arthur Lee, who 
were then in Paris, in the endeavor to obtain 
assistance in arms and money from the French 
government. He left Fraiice June 17, 1779. 
In September of the same year he was again 
chosen to go to Paris, and there hold himself 
in readiness to negotiate a treaty of peace and 
of commerce with Great Britain, as soon as 
the British cabinet might be found willing to 
listen to such proposals. He sailed for France 
in November, from there he went to Holland, 
where he negotiated important loans and 
formed important commercial treaties. 

Finally a treaty of peace with England 
was signed January 21, 1783. The re-action 
from the excitement, toil and an.xiety through 
which Mr. Adams had passed threw him into 
a fever. After suffering from a continued 
fever and becoming feeble and emaciated he 
was advised to go to England to drink- the 
waters of Bath. While in England, still 
drooping and desponding, he received dis- 
patches from his own government urging the 
necessity of his going to Amsterdam to nego- 
tiate another loan. It was winter, his health 

was delicate, yet he immediately set out, and 
through storm, on sea, on horseback and foot, 
he made the trip. 

February 24, 17S5, congress appointed 
Mr. Adams envoy to the court of St. James. 
Here he met face to face the king of England, 
who had so long regarded him as a traitor. 
As England did not condescend to appoint a 
minister to the United States, and as Mr. 
Adams felt that he was accomplishing but lit- 
tle, he sought permission to return to his own 
country, where he arrived in June 1788. 

When Washington was first chosen presi- 
dent, John Adams, rendered illustrious by his 
signal services at home and abroad, was 
chosen vice president. Again at the second 
election of Washington as president, Adams 
was chosen vice president. In 1796, Wash- 
ington retired from public life, and Mr Adams 
was elected president, though not without 
much opposition. Serving in this office four 
years, he was succeeded by Mr. Jefferson, his 
opponent in politics. 

While Mr. Adams was vice president the 
great French revolution shook the continent 
of Europe, and it was upon this point which 
he was at issue with the majority of his 
countrymen led by Mr. Jefferson. Mr. Adams 
felt no sympathy with the French people in 
their struggle, for he had no confidence in 
their power of self-government, and he utterly 
abhorred the class of atheist philosophers who 
he claimed caused it. On the other hand 
Jefferson's sympathies were strongly enlisted 
in behalf of the French people. Hence origi- 
nated the alieniation between these distin- 
guished men, and two powerful parties were 
thus soon organized, Adams at the head of 
the one whose sympathies were with England, 
and Jefferson led the other in sympathy with 
France. In 1824, his cup of happiness was 
filled to the brim, by seeing his son elevated 
to the highest station in the gift of the people. 




The 4th of July,, 1826, which completed 
the half century since the signing of the Dec- 
laration of Independence, arrived, and there 
were but three of the signers of that immortal 
instrument left upon the earth to hail its 
morning light. And, as it is well known, on 
that day two of these finished their earthly 
pilgrimage, a coincidence so remarkable as to 
seem miraculous. For a few days before Mr. 
Adams had been rapidly failing, and, on the 
4th, he found himself too weak to rise from his 
bed. On being requested to name a toast for 
the customary celebration of the day, he ex- 
claimed "Independenxe forever." When 
the day was ushered in, by the ringing of bells 
and the firing of cannons, he was asked by 
one of his attendants if he knew what day it 
was.' He replied, "Oh, yes; it is the glorious 
Fourth of July — God bless it — God bless you 
all." In the course of the day he said, "It is 
a great and glorious day."- The last words he 
uttered were "Jefferson survives." But he 
had, at one o'clock, resigned his spirit into the 
hands of his God. The personal appearance 
and manners of Mr. Adams were not particu- 
larly prepossessing. His face, as his portrait 
manifests, was intellectual and expressive, but 
his figure was low and ungraceful, and his 
manners were frequently abrupt and uncour- 

IHOMAS JEFFERSON, third presi- 
dent of the United States, was born 
April 2, 1743, at Shadwell, Albemarle 
county, Va. His parents were Peter 
and Jane (Randolph) Jefferson, the former a 
native of Wales, and the latter bom in Lon- 
don. To them were bom six daughters and 
two sons, of whom Thomas was the eldest. 
When fourteen years of age his father died. 
He received a most liberal education, having 
been kept diligently at school from the time 

he was five years of age. In 1760 he entered 
William and Mary college. Williamsburg was 
then the seat of the colonial court, and it 
was the abode of fashion and splendor. Young 
Jefferson, who was then seventeen years old. 
lived somewhat expensively, keeping fine 
horses, and was much caressed by gay society, 
yet he was earnestly devoted to his studies, 
and irreproachable in his morals. In the 
second year of his college course, moved bv 
some unexplained inward impulse, he discarded 
his horses, society, and even his favorite violin, 
to which he had previously given much time. 
He often devoted fifteen hours a day to hard 
study, allowing himself for exercise only a run 
in the evening twilight of a mile out of the city 
and back again. He thus attained very high 
intellectual culture, and excellence in philoso- 
phy and the languages. The most difficult 
Latin and Greek authors he read with facility. 
Immediately upon leaving college he began 
the study of law. For the short time he con- 
tinued in the practice of his profession he rose 
rapidly and distinguished himself by his energy 
and acuteness as a lawyer. But the times 
called lor greater action. The policy of 
England had awakened the spirit of resistance 
of the American colonies, and the enlarged 
views which Jefferson had ever entertained 
soon led him into active political life. In 1769 
he was chosen a member of the Virginia house 
of burgesses. In 1772 he married Mrs. 
j Martha Skelton, a very beautiful, wealthy and 
I highly accomplished young widow. 
j Upon Mr. Jefferson's large estate at Shad- 
1 well, there was a majestic swell of land, called 
j Monticello, which commanded a prospect of 
[ wonderful extent and beauty. This spot Mr. 
I Jefferson selected for his new home; and here 
he reared a mansion of modest yet elegant 
architecture, which, next to Mount Vernon, 
, became the most distinguished resort in our 
i land. 



In 1775 he was sent to the colonial con-, 
grass, where, though a silent member, his 
abilities as a writer and a reasoner soon be- 
came known, and he was placed upon a num- 
ber of important committees, and was chairman 
of the one appointed for the drawing up of a 
declaration of independence. This committee 
consisted of Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, 
Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman and Rob- 
ert R. Livingston. Jefferson, as chairman, 
was appointed to draw up the paper. Frank- 
lin and Adarns suggested a few verbal changes 
before it was submitted to congress. On June 
28, a few slight changes were made in it by 
congress, and it was passed and signed July 4, 
1776. What must have been the feelings of 
that man — what the emotions that swelled his 
breast — who was charged with the preparation 
of that declaration, which, while it made 
known the wrongs of America, was also to 
publish her to the world, free, sovereign and 

In 1779 Mr. Jefferson was elected successor 
to Patrick Henry, as governor of Virginia. At 
one time the British officer, Tarleton, sent a 
secret expedition to Monticello, to capture the 
governor. Scarcely five minutes elapsed after 
the hurried escape of Mr. Jefferson and his 
family ere his mansion was in possession of 
the British troops. His wife's health, never 
very good, was much injured by this excite- 
ment and in the summer of 17S2 she died. 

Mr. Jefferson was elected to congress in 
1783. Two years later he was appointed 
minister plenipotentiary to France. Return- 
ing to the United States in September, 1789, 
he became secretary of state in Washington's 
cabinet. This position he resigned January" i, 
1794. In 1797, he was chosen vice president 
and four years later was elected president over 
Mr. Adams, with Aaron Burr as vice president. 
In 1804 he was re-elected with wonderful 
unanimity, and George Clinton, vice president. 

The early part of Mr. Jefferson's second 
administration was disturbed by an event 
which threatened the tranquility and peace of 
the Union; this was the conspiracy of Aaron 
Burr. Defeated in the late election to the 
vice presidency, and led on by an unprincipled 
ambition, this extraordinary man formed the 
plan of a military expedition into the Spanish 
territories on our southwestern frontier, for the 
purpose of forming there a new republic. 

In 1809. at the expiration of the second 
term for which Mr. Jefferson had been elected, 
he determined to retire from political life. 
For a period of nearly forty years, he had 
been continually before the public, and all 
that time had been employed in offices of the 
greatest trust and responsibility. Having 
thus devoted the best part of his life to the serv- 
ice of his country, he now felt desirous of 
that rest which his declining years required, 
and upon the organization of the new adminis- 
tration, in March, 1809, he bade farewell for- 
ever to public life, and retired to Monticello. 

The 4th of July, 1826, being the fiftieth 
anniversary of the Declaration of Independence, 
great preparations were made in every part of 
the Union for its celebration, as the nation's 
jubilee, and the citizens of Washington, to 
add to the solemnity of the occasion, invited 
Mr. Jefferson, as the framer, and one of the 
few surviving signers of the Declaration, to 
participate in their festivities. But an illness, 
which had been of several w:eek's duration, and 
had been continually increasing, compelled 
him to decline the invitation. 

On the 2d of July, the disease under 
which he was laboring left him, but in such a 
reduced state that his medical attendants en- 
tertained no hope of his recovery. From this 
time he was perfectly sensible that his lust 
hour was at hand. On the next day, which 
was Monday, he asked, of those around him, 
the day of the month, and on being told that 



* #^- 









^^|k '^■4^^^^tert ' 


^^^K^ o'^^^^^^^^^ 





it was the 3d of July, he expressed the earnest 
wish that he might be permitted to breathe 
the air of the fiftieth anniversary. His, prayer 
was heard — that day, whose dawn was hailed 
with such rapture through our land, burst 
upon his eyes, and then they were closed ior- 
ever. And what a noble consummation of a 
noble life ! To die on that day, — the birth of 
a nation — the day which his own name and 
own act had rendered glorious; to die amidst 
the rejoicings and festivities of a whole nation, 
who looked up to him, as the author, under 
God, of their greatest blessings, was all that 
was wanting to fill up the record of his life. 
Almost at the same hour of his death, the kindred 
spirit of the venerable Adams, as if to bear him 
company, left the scene of his earthly honors. 
In person Mr. Jefferson was tall and thin, 
rather above si.K feet in height, but well formed; 
his eyes were light, his hair, originally red, in 
after life became white and ..silvery; his com- 
plexion was fair, his forehead broad, and his 
whole countenance intelligent and thoughtful. 
He possessed great fortitude of mind as well 
as personal courage; and his command of tem- 
per was such that his oldest and most intimate 
friends never recollected to have seen him in a 
passion. His manners, though dignified, were 
simple and unaffected, and his hospitality was 
so unbounded that all found at his house a 
ready welcome. In conversation he was fluent, 
eloquent and enthusiastic; and his language was 
remarkably pure and correct. He was a 
finished classical scholar, and in his writings 
is discernable the care with which he formed 
his style upon the best models of antiquity. 

^Y'^^^^ES MADISON, fourth president of 
M the United States, was born March 16, 
nj 175 1, and died at his home in Virginia, 
^"^ June 28, 1836. He was the last of the 
founders of the Constitution of the United 

States to be called to his eternal reward. 
The Madison family were among the early 
emigrants to the New World, landing upon the 
shores of the Chesapeake but fifteen years 
after the settlement of Jamestown. The father 
of James Madison was an opulent planter, re- 
siding upon a very fine estate called "Mont- 
pelier, " Orange county, Va. The mansion 
was situated in the midst of scenery highly 
picturesque and romantic, on the west side of 
SouthW'Cst Mountain, at the foot of Blue 
Ridge. It was but twenty-five miles from the 
home of Jefferson at Monticello. The closest 
personal and political attachment existed be- 
tween these illustrious men from their early 
youth until death. 

The early education of Mr. Madison was 
conducted mostly at home under a private 
tutor. At the age of eighteen he was sent 
to Princeton college, in New Jersey. Here he 
applied himself to study with the most im- 
prudent zeal, allowing himself for months but 
three hours' sleep out of the twenty-four. His 
health thus became so seriously impaired that 
he never recovered any vigor of constitution. 
He graduated in 1771, when a feeble boy, but 
with a character of utmost purity, and with a 
mind highly disciplined and richly stored with 

Returning to Virginia, he commenced the 
study of law and a course of extensive and 
systehiatic reading. This educational course, 
the spirit of the times in which he lived, all 
combined to inspire him with a strong love of 
liberty, and to train him for his life-work of a 

In the spring of 1776, when twenty-five 
years of age, he was elected a member of the 
Virginia convention, to frame the constitution 
of the state. The next year (1777) he was a 
candidate for the general assembly. He re- 
fused to treat the whisky-lov-ing voters, and con- 
sequently lost his election; but those who had 


witnessed the talent, energy and public spirit 
of the modest young man, enlisted themselves 
in his behalf and he was appomted to the 
executive council. 

Both Patrick Henry and Thomas Jefferson 
were governors of Virginia while Mr. Madison 
remained member of the council; and their 
appreciation of his intellectual, social and 
moral worth, contributed not a little to his 
subsequent eminence. In the year 1780, he 
was elected a member of the continental con- 
gress. Here he met the most illustrious men 
in our land, and he was immediately assigned 
to one of the most conspicuous positions 
among them. For three years Mr. Madison 
continued in congress, one of its most active 
and influential members. In the year 1784, 
his term having expired, he was elected a 
member of the Virginia legislature. 

No man felt more deeply than Mr. Madison 
the utter inefficiency of the old confederacy, 
with no national government, with no power 
to form treaties which would be binding, or to 
enforce law. There was not any state more 
prominent than Virginia in the- declaration, 
that an efficient national government must be 
formed. In January, 1786, Mr. Madison car- 
ried a resolution through the general assembly 
of Virginia, inviting the other states to appoint 
commissioners to meet in convention at Ann- 
apolis to discuss the subject. Five states only 
were represented. The convention, however, 
issued another call, drawn up by Mr. Madison, 
urging all the states to send their delegates to 
Philadelphia, in May, 1787, to draft a consti- 
tution for the United States, to take the place 
of that confederate league. The delegates met 
at the time appointed. Every state but Rhode 
Island was represented. George Washington 
was chosen president of the convention; and 
the present constitution of the United States 
was then and there formed. There was, per- 
haps, no mind and no pen more active in 

framing this immortal document than the mind 
and pen of James Madison. 

The constitution, adopted by a vote of 81 
to 79, was to be presented to the several states 
for acceptance. But grave solicitude was felt. 
Should it be rejected we should be left but a 
conglomeration of independent states, with 
but little power at home and little respect 
abroad. Mr. Madison was selected by the 
convention to draw up an address to the peo- 
ple of the United States, expounding the prin- 
ciples of the constitution, and urging its adop- 
tion. There was great opposition to it at first, 
but it at length triumphed over all, and went 
into effect in 1789. 

Mr. Madison was elected to the house of 
representatives in the first congress, and soon 
became the avowed leader of the republican 
party. While in New York attending congress, 
he met Mrs. Todd, a young widow of remark- 
able power of fascination, whom he rnarried. 
She was in person and character queenly, and 
probably no lady has thus far occupied so 
prominent a position in the very peculiar soci- 
ety which has constituted our republican court, 
as Mrs. Madison. 

Mr. Madison sen-ed as secretary of state 
under Jefferson, and at the close of 
his administration was chosen president. 
At this time the encroachments of Eng- 
land had brought us to the verge of war. 
British orders in council destroyed our com- 
merce, and our flag was exposed to constant 
insult. Mr. Madison was a man of peace. 
Scholarly in his taste, retiring in his disposi- 
tion, war had no charms for him. But the 
meekest spirit can be roused. It makes one's 
blood boil, even now. to think of an American 
ship brought to upon the ocean by the guns of 
an English cruiser. A young lieutenant steps 
on board and orders the crew to be paraded 
before him. With great nonchalance he selects 
any number whom he may please to designate 












as British subjects; orders them down the 
ship's side into the boat; and places them on" 
the gun-deck of the man-of-war to tight, by 
compulsion, the battles of England. This 
right of search and impressment, no efforts of 
our government could induce the Britiih cabi- 
net to relinquish. 

On the 1 8th of June, 1812, President Madi- 
son gave his approval to an act of congress de- 
claring war against Great Britain. Notwith- 
standing the bitter hostility of the federal 
party to the war, the country in general ap- 
proved; and Mr. Madison, on the 4th of March, 
1S13, was re-elected by a large majority, and 
entered upon his second term of ofSce. The 
contest commenced in earnest by the appear- 
ance of a British fleet early in Febn:ar\-. 1S13, 
in Chesapeake bay, declaring nearly the whole 
coast of the United States under blockade. 
The emperor of Russia offered his services 
as mediator. America accepted; England re- 
fused. A Biitish force of five thousand men 
landed on the banks of the Patuxant river, near 
its entrance into Chesapeake bay, and marched 
rapidly, b}- way of Bladensburg, upon Wash- 

The straggling little city of Washington 
was thrown into consternation. The cannon 
of the brief conflict at Bladensburg echoed 
through the streets of the metropolis. The 
whole population fled from the city. The 
president, leaving Mrs. Madison in the White 
House, with her carriage drawn up at the door 
to await his speedy return, hurried to meet 
the officers in a council of war. He met our 
troops utterly routed, and he could not go 
back without danger of being captured. But 
few hours elapsed ere the presidential mansion, 
the capitol, and all the public buildings in 
Washington were in flames. 

The war closed after two years of fighting, 
and on February 13, 181 5, the treaty of peace 
was signed at Ghent. 

March 4, 181 7, James Madison's second 
term of office expired, and he resigned the 
presidential chair to his friend, James Monroe. 
He retired to his beautiful home at Montpelier 
and there passed the remainder of his days. 
On June 28, 1836, then at the age of eighty- 
five years, he fell asleep in death. Mrs. Madi- 
son died July 12, 1849. 

>-T»AMES MONROE, the fifth president of 
m the United States, was born in West- 
/» 1 moreland county, Va. , April 28, 1758. 
He joined the colonial army when every- 
thing looked hopeless and gloomy. The num- 
ber of deserters increased from day to day. 
The invading armies came pouring in, and the 
tories not only favored the cause of the mother 
country, but disheartened the new recruits, 
who were sufficiently terrified at the prospect 
of contending with an enemy whom they had 
been taught to deem invincible. To such brave 
spirits as James Monroe, who went right on- 
ward undismayed through difficulty and danger, 
the United States owe their political eman- 
cipation. The young cadet joined the ranks 
and espoused the cause of his injured country, 
with a firm determination to live or die with 
her strife for liberty. Firmly, yet sadly, he 
shared in the melancholy retreat from Harlaem 
Heights and White Plains, and accompanied 
the dispirited army as it fled before its foes 
through New Jersey. In four months after 
the Declaration of Independence, the patriots 
had been beaten in seven battles. At the bat- 
tle of Trenton he led the vanguard, and, in the 
act of charging upon the enemy he received a 
wound in the left shoulder. As a reward for 
his bravery, Mr. Monroe was promoted a cap- 
tain of infantry; and, having recovered from 
his wound, he rejoined the army. He, how- 
ever, receded from the line of promotion by 



becoming an officer on the staff of Lord Stir- 
ling. During the campaigns of 1777 and 1778, 
in the actions of Brandywine, Germantown, 
and Monmouth, he continued aid-de-camp; 
but becoming desirous to regain his position in 
the army, he exerted himself to collect a regi- 
ment for the Virginia line. This scheme failed 
owing to the e.xhausted condition of the state. 
Upon this failure he entered the office of Mr. 
Jefferson, at that period governor, and pursued 
with considerable ardor the study of common 
law. He did not. however, entirely lay aside 
the knapsack for the green bag; but on the in- 
vasions of the enemy, served as a volunteer 
during the two years of his legal pursuits. 

In 17S2. he was elected from King George 
county a member of the legislature of Virginia, 
and by that body he was elevated to a seat in 
the executive council. He was thus honored 
with the confidence of his fellow citizens at 
twenty-three years of age; and at this early 
period displayed some of that ability and apti- 
tude for le,gislation, which were afterward 
employed with unremitting energy for the pub- 
lic good; he was in the succeeding year chosen 
a member of the congress of the United States. 

Deeply as Mr. Monroe felt the imperfec- 
tions of the old confederacy, he was opposed 
to the new constitution, thinking, with many 
others of the republican party, that it gave too 
much power to the central government, and 
not enough to the individual states. In 1789 
he became a member of the United States sen- 
ate, which office he held for four years. Every 
month the line of distinction between the two 
great parties which divided the nation, the 
federal and the republican, was growing more 
distinct. The two prominent ideas which now 
separated them were, that the republican party 
was in sympathy with France, and also in 
favor of such a strict construction of the con- 
stitution as to give the central government as 
little power, and the state governments as 

much power, as the constitution would war- 
rant. The federalists sympathized with Eng- 
land, and were in favor of a liberal construc- 
tion of the constitution, which would give as 
much power to the central government as that 
document could possibly authorize. 

Washington was then president. England 
had espoused the cause of the Bourbons 
against the principles of the French revolu- 
tion. All Europe was drawn into the conflict. 
We were feeble and far away. Washington 
issued a proclamation of neutrality between 
these contending powers. France had helped 
us in the struggle for our liberties. All the 
despotisms of Europe were combined to pre- 
vent the French from escaping from a t)Tanny 
a thousand-fold worse than that which we had 
endured. Col. Monroe, more magnanimous 
than prudent, was anxious that, at whatever 
hazard, we should help our old allies in their 
extremity. It was the impulse of a generous 
and noble nature. He violently opposed the 
president's proclamation as ungrateful and 
wanting in magnanimity. 

Washington, who could appreciate such a 
character, developed his clam, serene, almost 
divine greatness, by appointing that very 
James Monroe, who was denouncing the policy 
of the government, as the minister of that 
government to the republic of France. Mr. 
Monroe was welcomed by the national conven- 
tion in France with the most enthusiastic 

Shortly after his return to this country, Mr. 
Monroe was elected governor of Virginia, and 
held the office for three years. He was again 
sent to France to co-operate w^ith Chancellor 
Livingston in obtaining the vast territory 
then known as the province of Louisiana, 
which France had but shortly before obtained 
from Spain. Their united efforts were suc- 
cessful. For the comparatively small sum of 
fifteen millions of dollars, the entire territor}' 




of Orleans and district of Louisiana were 
added to the United States. This was prob- 
ably the largest transfer of real estate which 
was ever made in all the history of the world. 

From France Mr. Monroe went to England 
to obtain from that country some recognition 
of our rights as neutrals, and to remonstrate 
against those odious impressments of our sea- 
men. But England was unrelenting. He 
again returned to England on the same mis- 
sion, but could receive no redress. He returned 
to his home and was again chosen governor of 
Virginia. This he soon resigned to accept the 
position of secretary of state under Madison. 
While in this office war with England was de- 
clared, the secretary of war resigned, and dur- 
ing those trying times the duties of the war de- 
partment were also put upon him. He was 
truly the armor-bearer of President Madison, 
and the most efficient business man in his cab- 
inet. Upon the return of peace he resigned 
the department of war, but continued in the of- 
fice of secretary of state until the expiration of 
Mr. Madison's administration. At the election 
held the previous autumn Mr. Monroe had been 
chosen president with but little opposition, and 
upon March 4, 18 17, was inaugurated. Four 
years later he was elected for a second term. 

Among the important measures of his presi- 
dency were the cession of Florida to the United 
States; the Missouri compromise, and the 
"Monroe doctrine." This famous "Monroe 
doctrine" was enunciated by him in 1823. At 
that time the United States had recognized 
the independence of the South American 
states, and did not wish to have European 
powers longer attempt to subdue portions of 
the American continent. The doctrine is as 
follows: "That we should consider any at- 
tempt on the part of European powers to ex- 
tend their system to any portion of this hemi- 
sphere as dangerous to our peace and safety," 
and "that we could not view any interposi- 

tion for the purpose of oppressing or controll- 
ing American governments or provinces in any 
other light than as a manifestation by Euro- 
pean powers of an unfriendly disposition to- 
ward the United States." This doctrine imme- 
diately affected the course of foreign go\ern- 
ments, and has become the approved senti- 
ment of the United States. 

At the end of his second term Mr. Monroe 
retired to his home in Virginia, where he lived 
until 1830, when he went to New York to live 
with his son-in-law. In that city he died on 
the 4th of July, I 83 I. 

>^OHN QUlNCY ADAMS, the sixth 
M president of the United States, was 
n J born in Quincy, Mass., on the I ith of 
July, 1767. His mother, a woman of 
exalted worth, watched over his childhood 
during the ahnost constant absence of his 

When but eleven years old he took a tear- 
ful adieu of his mother, to sail with his father 
for Europe, through a fleet of hostile British 
cruisers. The bright, animated boy spent a 
year and a half in Paris, where his father was 
associated with Franklin and Lee as minister 
plenipotentiary. His intelligence attracted the 
notice of these distinguished men. and he re- 
ceived from them flattering marks of attention. 

Mr. John Adams had scarcely returned to 
this country, in 1779, ere he was again sent 
abroad. Again John Quincy accompanied his 
father. At Paris he applied himself with great 
diligence, for six months, to study; then accom- 
panied his father to Holland, where he entered 
first a school in Amsterdam, then the univer- 
sity at Leyden. About a year from this time, 
in 1 78 1, when the manly boy was but fourteen 
years of age, he was selected by Mr. Dana, 
our minister to the Russian court, as his pri- 
vate secretary. 



In this school of incessant labor and of en- 
nobling culture he spent fourteen months, and 
then returned to Holland through Sweden, 
Denmark, Hamburg and Bremen. This long 
journey he took alone, in the winter, when in 
his sixteenth year. Again he resumed his 
studies, under a private tutor, at Hague. 
Thence, in the spring of 1782, he accompa- 
nied his father to Paris, traveling leisurely, and 
examining architectural remains, galleries of 
paintings and all renowned works of art. At 
Paris he again became associated with the 
most illustrious men of all lands in the con- 
templations of the loftiest temporal themes 
which can engross the human mind. After a 
short visit to England he returned to Paris, 
and consecrated all his energies to study until 
May, 1785, when he returned to America. 

After lea'ving Harvard college at the age 
of twenty, he studied law for three years. In 
June, 1794, being then but twenty-seven years 
of age, he was appointed, by Washington, res- 
ident minister at the Netherlands. Sailing 
from Boston in July, he reached London in 
October, where he was immediately admitted 
to the deliberations of Messrs. Jay and Pinck- 
ney, assisting them in negotiating a commer- 
cial treaty with Great Britain. After thus 
spending a fortnight in London, he proceeded 
to the Hague. 

In July, 1797, he left the Hague to go to 
Portugal as minister plenipotentiary. On his 
way to Portugal, upon arriving in London, he 
met with despatches directing him to the court 
of Berlin, but requesting him to remain in 
London until he should receive his instruc- 
tions. While waiting he was married to an 
American lady to whom he had been previ- 
ously engaged — Miss Louisa Catherine John- 
son, daughter of Mr. Joshua Johnson, Ameri- 
can consul in London. 

He reached Berlin with his wife in Novem- 
ber, 1797, where he remained until July, 

1799, when, having fulfilled all the purposes of 
his mission, he solicited his recall. Soon after 
his return, in 1802, he was chosen to the sen- 
ate of Massachusetts from Boston, and then 
was elected senator of the United States for 
six years, from the 4th of March, 1804. His 
reputation, his ability and his experience, 
placed him immediately among the most prom- 
inent and influential members of that body. 
Especially did he sustain the government in its 
measures of resistance to the encroachments 
of England, destroying our commerce and in- 
sulting our flag. 

In 1809, Madison succeeded Jefferson in 
the presidential chair, and he immediately 
nominated John Quincy Adams minister to St. 
Petersburg. Resigning his professorship in 
Harvard college, he embarked at Boston, in 
August, 1809. While in Russia, Mr. Adams' 
was an intense student. He devoted his at- 
tention to the language and history of Russia; 
to the Chinese trade; to the European system 
of weights, measures, and coins; to the 
climate and astronomical observations; while 
he kept up a familiar acquaintance with the 
Greek and Latin classics. All through life the 
Bible constituted an important part of his 
studies. It was his rule to read five chapters 
every day. 

On the 4th of March, 18 17, Mr. Monroe 
took the presidential chair, and immediately 
appointed Mr. Adams secretary of state. 
Taking leave of his friends in public and pri- 
vate life in Europe, he sailed in June, 1S19, 
for the United States. On the iSth of August, 
he again crossed the threshold of his home in 
Quincy. During the eight years of Mr. Mon- 
roe's administration, Mr. Adams continued 
secretary of state. 

Some time before the close of ^ll. M' ' 
roe's second term of office, new candidates 
began to be presented for the presidency. 
The friends of Mr. Adams brought forward 




his name. It was an exciting campaign. 
Party spirit was never more bitter. Two 
hundred and sixty electoral votes were cast. 
Andrew Jackson received ninety-nine; John 
Quincy Adams, eighty-four; William H. Craw- 
ford, forty-one; Henry Clay, thirty-seven. ' 
As there was no choice by the people, the > 
question went. to the house of representatives. ' 
Mr. Clay gave the vote of Kentucky to Mr. ] 
Adams, and he was elected. i 

Mr, Adams was, to a very remarkable de- j 
gree, abstemious and temperate in his habits; i 
always rising early, and taking much exercise. ! 
When at his home in Quincy, he has been j 
known to walk, before breakfast, seven miles j 
to Boston. In Washington, it was said that j 
he was the first man up in the city, lighting 
his own fire and applying himself to work in j 
his library often long before dawn. 

On the 4th of March, 1829, Mr. Adams | 
retired from the presidency, and was suceeded ' 
by Andrew Jackson. John C. Calhoun was j 
elected vice president. The slavery question j 
now began to assume portentous magnitude. \ 
Mr. Adams returned to Quincy, and to his ' 
studies, which he pursued with unabated zeal. ; 
But he was not long permitted to remain in ! 
retirement. In November, 1830, he was | 
elected representative to congress. For sev- j 
enteen years, until his death, he occupied the ! 
post as representative, ever ready to do brave j 
battle for freedom, and winning the title of I 
"the old man eloquent." Upon taking his ! 
seat in the house, he announced that he should 
hold himself bound to no party. He was , 
usually the first in his place in the morning, i 
and the last to leave his seat in the evening. ; 
Not a measure could be brought forward arid 
escape his scrutiny. The battle which Mr. ^ 
Adams fought almost singly, against the I 
proslavery party in the government, was sub- 1 
lime in its moral daring and heroism. For 1 
persisting in presenting petitions for the aboli- I 

tion of slavery, he was threatened with indict- 
ment by the grand jury, with expulsion from 
the house, and also with assassination, but 
no threats could intimidate him and his final 
triumph was complete. 

On the 2 1st of February, 184S, he rose on 
the floor of congress, with a paper in his hand, 
to address the speaker. Suddenly he fell, 
again stricken Jjy paralysis, and was caught in 
the arms of those around him. For a time he 
was senseless, as he was conveyed to the 
sofa in the rotunda. With reviving conscious- 
ness, he opened his eyes, looked calmly around 
and said: "This is the end of earth;" then, 
after a moment's pause, he added, "I am 
content. " These were the last words of the sixth 

HNDREW JACKSON, the seventh 
president of the United States, was 
born in Waxhaw settlement, N. C. , 
March 15, 1767, a few days after his 
father's death. His parents were from Ireland, 
and took up their abode in Waxhaw settle- 
ment, where they lived in deepest poverty. 

Andrew, or Andy, as he was universally 
called, grew up a very rough, rude, turbulent 
boy. His features were coarse, his form un- 
gainly; and there was but very little in his char- 
acter, made visible, which was attractive. 

When only thirteen years old he joined the 
volunteers of Carolina against the British in- 
vasion. In 1 78 1, he and his brother Robert 
were captured and imprisoned for a time at 
Camden. A British officer ordered him to 
brush his mud-spattered boots. " I am a 
prisoner of war, not your servant," was the 
reply of the dauntless boy. The brute drew 
his sword, and aimed a desperate blow at the 
head of the helpless young prisoner. Andrew 
raised his hand, and thus recived two fearful 
gashes — one on the hand and the other upon 
the head. The officer then turned to his 


brother Robert with the same demand. He 
also refused, and received a blow from the 
keen-edged saber, which quite disabled him, 
and which probably soon after caused his 
death. They suffered much other ill-treat- 
ment, and were finally stricken with the small- 
pox. Their mother was successful in obtain- 
ing their exxhange, and took her sick boys 
home. After a long illness Andrew recovered, 
and the death of his mother soon left him en- 
tirely friendless. 

Andrew supported himself in various ways, 
such as working at the saddler's trade, teaching 
school and clerking in a general store, until 
1784, when he entered a law office at Salis- 
bury, N. C. In 1788, he was appointed solicit- 
or for the western district of North Carolina, 
of which Tennessee was then apart. This in- 
volved many long and tedious journeys amid 
dangers of every kind, but Andrew Jackson 
never knew fear. 

In 1 79 1, Jackson was married to a woman 
who supposed herself divorced from her former 
husband. Great was the surprise of both 
parties, two years later, to find that the con- 
ditions of the divorce had just been definitely 
settled by the first husband. The marriage 
ceremony was performed a second time, but 
the occurrence was often used by his enemies 
to bring Mr. Jackson into disfavor. During 
these years he worked hard at his profession, 
and frequently had one or more duels on hand, 
one of which, when he killed Dickinson, was 
especially disgraceful. 

In January, 1796, the territory of Tennes- 
see then containing nearly 80,060 inhabitants, 
the people met in convention at Knoxville to 
frame a constitution. Five were sent from each 
of the eleven counties. Andrew Jackson was 
one of the delegates. The new state was en- 
titled to but one member in the national house 
of representatives. Andrew Jackson was 
chosen that member. Mounting his horse he 

rode to Philadelphia, where congress then 
held its sessions — a distance of about 800 

Jackson was an earnest advocate of the 
democratic party. Jefferson was his idol. He 
admired Bonaparte, loved France and hated 
England. As Jackson took his seat. Gen. 
Washington, whose second term of office was 
then expiring, delivered his last speech to 
congress. • A committee drew up a compli- 
mentary address in reply. Andrew Jackson 
did not approve of the address, and was one 
of the twelve who voted against it. He was 
not willing to say that Gep. Washington's 
administration had been "wise, firm and 

Jackson was elected to the United States 
senate in 1797, but soon resigned. Soon after 
he was chosen judge of the supreme court of 
his state, which position he held for six years. 

When the war of 18 12 with Great Britain 
commenced, Madison occupied the presidential 
chair. Aaron Burr sent word to the president 
that there was an unknown man in the west, 
Andrew Jackson, who would do credit to a 
commission if one were conferred upon him. 
Just at that time Gen. Jackson offered his 
services and those of 2,500 volunteers. His 
offer was accepted, and the troops were assem- 
bled at Nashville. As the British were hourly 
expected to make an attack upon New Orleans. 
where Gen. Wilkinson was in command, he 
was ordered to descend the river with 1,500 
troops to aid Wilkmson. The expedition 
reached Natchez, and after a delay of several 
weeks there, the men were ordered back to 
their homes. But the energy Gen. Jackson 
had displayed, and his entire devotion to the 
comfort of his soldiers, won him golden 
opinions; and he became the most popular man 
ill the state. It was in this expedition that his 
toughness gave him the nickname of "Old 




Soon after this, while attempting to horse- 
whip Col. Thomas H. Benton, for a remark 
that gentleman made about his taking a part 
as second in a duel, in which a younger brother 
of Benton's was engaged, he received two 
severe pistol wounds. While he was lingering 
upon a bed of suffering news came that the 
Indians, who had combined under Tecumseh 
from Florida to the lakes, to exterminate the 
white settlers, were committing the most 
awful ravages. Decisive action became neces- 
sary. Gen. Jackson, with his fractured bone 
just beginning to heal, his arm in a sling, and 
unable to mount his horse without assistance, 
gave his amazing energies to the raising of an 
army to rendevous at Fayettesville, Ala. 

The Creek Indians had established a strong 
fort on one of the bends of the Tallapoosa 
river, near the center of Alabama, about fifty 
miles below Fort Strother. With an army of 
2,000 men. Gen. Jackson traversed the path- 
less wilderness in a march of eleven days. He 
reached their fort, called Tohopeka or Horse- 
shoe, on the 27th of March, 1S14. The bend 
of the river inclosed 100 acres of tangled 
forest and wild ravine. Across the narrow 
neck the Indians had constructed a formidable 
breastwork of logs and brush. Here 900 war- 
riors, with an ample supply of arms, were as- 
sembled. The fort was stormed. The fight 
was utterly desperate. Not an Indian would 
accept of quarter. When bleeding and dying, 
they would fight those who endeavored to spare 
their lives. From ten in the morning until 
dark, the battle raged. The carnage was awful 
and revolting. Some threw themselves into 
the river; but the unerring bullet struck their 
heads as they swam. Nearly every one of the 
900 warriors was killed. This closing of the 
Creek war enabled us to concentrate all our 
militia upon the British, who were the allies of 
the Indians. No man of less resolute will than 
Gen. Jackson could have conducted this Indian 

campaign to so successful an issue. Immedi- 
ately he was appointed major-general 

Late in August, with an army of 2,000 
men, on a rushing march. Gen. Jackson went 
to Mobile. A British fleet came from Pensa- 
cola, landed a force upon the beach, anchored 
near the little fort, and from both ship and 
shore commenced a furious assault. The battle 
was long and doubtful. At length one of the 
ships was blown up and the rest retired. 

Garrisoning Mobile, Jackson moved his 
troops to New Orleans, and the battle of New 
Orleans, which soon ensued, was in reality a 
very arduous campaign. Here his troops, 
which numbered about 4,000 men, won a 
signal victory over the British army of about 
9,000. His loss was but thirteen, while the 
loss of the British was 2,600. 

The name of Gen. Jackson soon began to 
be mentioned in connection with the presi- 
dency, but, in 1S24, he was defeated by Mr. 
Adams. He was, however, successful in the 
election of 1S2S, and was re-elected for a 
second term in 1S32. In 1S29. he met with 
the most terrible affliction of his life in the 
death of his wife. At the expiration of his two 
terms of office he retired to the Hermitage, 
where he died June 8, 1845. The last years 
of Jackson's life were that of a devoted chris- 
tian man. 

y^TX ARTIX VAN BUREX, the eighth 
H I H president of the United States, was 

\ ^ ^ born at Kinderhook, X. Y., Decem- 
ber 5, 1782. He died at the same 
place, July 24, 1862, and his body rests in the 
cemetery at Kinderhook. Above it is a plain 
granite shaft fifteen feet high, bearing a sim- 
ple inscription about half way up on the face. 
The lot is unfenced, unbordered or unbounded 
by shrub or flower. His ancestors, as his 
name indicates, were of Dutch origin, and 



were among the earliest emigrants from Hol- 
land to the banks of the Hudson. His father 
was a farmer, residing in the old town of 
Kmderhook. His mother, also of Dutch 
lineage, was a woman of superior intelligence 
and exemplary piety. At the age of fourteen, 
he had finished his academic studies in his na- 
tive village, and commenced the study of law. 
As he had not a collegiate education seven 
years of study in a law office were required of 
him before he could be admitted to the bar. 
Inspired with a lofty ambition, and conscious 
of his powers, he pursued his studies with in- 
defatigable industry. After spending six years 
in an office in his native village, he went to 
the city of New York, and prosecuted his 
studies for the seventh year. 

In 1803, Van Buren, then twenty-one 
years of age, commenced the practice of law 
in his native village. The great conflict be- 
tween the federal and republican parties was 
then at its height. Van Buren was in cordial 
sympathy with Jefferson, and earnestly and 
eloquently espoused the cause of state rights; 
though at that time the federal party held the 
supremacy both in his town and state. His 
success and increasing reputation led him, after 
six years of practice, to remove to Hudson, 
the county seat of his county. Here he spent 
seven years, constantly gaining strength by 
contending in the courts with some of the 
ablest men who have adorned the bar of his 

Just before leaving Kinderhookfor Hudson, 
Mr. VanBuren married a lady alike distinguished 
for beauty and accomplishments. After 
twelve short years she sank into the grave, 
the victim of consumption, leaving her hus- 
band and four sons to weep over her loss. In 
181 2, when thirty years of age, he was chosen 
to the state senate, and gave his strenuous 
support to Mr. Madison's administration. In 
181 5, he was appointed attorney-general, and 

the next year moved to Albany, the capital of 
the state. 

While he was acknowledged as one of the 
most prominent leaders of the democratic 
party, he had the moral courage to avow that 
true democracy did not require that "univer- 
sal suffrage" which admits the vile, the de- 
graded, the ignorant, to the right of governing 
the state. In true consistency with his demo- 
cratic principles, he contended that, while 
the path leading to the privilege of voting 
should be open to every man without distinc- 
tion, no one should be invested with that 
sacred prerogative, unless he were in some- 
degree qualified for it by intelligence, virtue 
and some property interests in the welfare of 
the state. 

In 1 82 1 he was elected a member of the 
United States senate, and in the same year he 
took a seat in the convention to revise the 
-constitution of his native state. His course in 
this convention secured the approval of men 
of all parties. In the senate of the United 
States, he rose at once to a conspicuous posi- 
tion as an active and useful legislator. In 
1S27, John Quincy Adams being then in the 
presidential chair, Mr. Van Buren was re- 
elected to the senate. He had been, from the 
beginning, a determined opposer to the ad- 
ministration, adopting the state rights view in 
opposition to what was deemed the federal 
proclivities of Mr. Adams. 

Soon after this, in 1828, he was chosen 
governor of the state of New York, and ac- 
cordingly resigned his seat in the senate. 
Probably no one in the United States con- 
tributed so much towards ejecting John Q. 
Adams from the presidential chair, and placing 
in it Andrew Jackson, as did Martin Van 
Buren. Whether entitled to the reputation 
or not, he certainly was regarded throughout 
the United States as one of the most skillful, 
sagacious and cunning politicians. It was sup- 




posed that no one knew so well as he how to 
touch the secret springg of action ; how to pull ' 
all the wires to put his machinery in motion; 
and how to organize a political army which 
would,- secretly and stealthily, accomplish the 
most gigantic results. By these powers it is 
said that he outwitted Mr. Adams, Mr. Clay, 
Mr. Webster, and secured results which few 
thought then could be accomplished. 

When Andrew Jackson was elected presi- 
dent, he appointed Mr. Van Buren secretary 
of state. This position he resigned in 1 83 1, 
and was immediately appointed minister to 
England, where he went the same autumn. 
The senate, however, when it met, refused to 
ratify the nomination, and he returned home, 
apparently untroubled; was nominated vice 
president in the place of Calhoun, at the re- 
election of President Jackson; and with smiles 
for all and frowns for none, he took his place 
at the head of that senate which had refused 
to confirm his nomination as-ambassador. His 
rejection by the senate aroused all the zeal 
of President Jackson in behalf of his repudiated 
favorite; and this, probably more than any 
other cause, secured his elevation to the chair 
of the chief executive. On the 20th of May, 
1836, Van Buren received the democratic nom- 
ination to succeed Gen. Jackson as president 
of the United States. He was elected by a 
handsome majority, to the delight of the retir- 
ing president. 

His administration was filled with exciting 
events. The insurrection in Canada, which 
threatened to involve this country in war with 
England, the agitation of the slavery question, 
and finally the great commercial panic which 
spread over the country, all were trials to Jiis 
wisdom. The financial distress was attributed 
to the management of the democratic party, 
and brought the president into such disfavor 
that he failed of re-election. With the ex- 
ception of being nominated for the presidency 

by the free soil democrats, in 1848, Mr. Van 
Buren lived quietly upon his estate until his 

He had ever been a prudent man, of frugal 
habits, and, living within his income, had now 
fortunately a competency for his declining 
years. It was on the 4th of March, 1841, 
that Mr. Van Buren retired from the presidency. 
From his fine estate at Lindenwald, he still 
exerted a powerful influence upon the politics 
of. the country. From this time until his death, 
on the 24thof July, 1862, at the age of eighty 
years, he resided at Lindenwald, a gentlemar^ 
of leisure, of culture and of wealth; enjoying 
in a healthy old age, probably far more happi- 
ness than he had before experienced amid the 
stormy scenes of his active life. 


ninth president of. the United 
States; was born at Berkeley, Va., 
Feb. 9, 1773. His father, Benja- 
min Harrison, was in comparatively opulent 
circumstances, and was one of the most dis- 
tinguished men of his day. He was an inti- 
mate friend of George Washington, was early 
elected a member of the continental congress, 
and was conspicuous among the patriots of 
Virginia in resisting the encroachments of the 
British crown. In the celebrated congress of 
1775, Benjamin Harrison and John Hancock 
were both candidates for the office of speaker. 

Mr. Harrison was subsequently chosen 
governor of Virginia, and was twice re-elected. 

Having received a thorough common- 
school education, William Henry Harrison 
entered Hampden Sidney college, where he 
graduated with honor soon after the death of 
his father. He then repaired to Philadelphia 
to study medicine under the instructions of 
Dr. Rush and the guardianship of Robert 



Morris, both of whom were, with his father, 
signers of the Declaration of Independence. 

Upon the outbreak of the Indian troubles, 
and notwithstanding the remonstrances of his 
friends, he abandoned his medical studies and 
entered the army, having obtained a commis- 
sion of ensign from President Washington. He 
was then but nineteen years old. From that 
time he passed gradually upward in rank until 
he became aid to Gen. Wayne, after whose 
death he resigned his commission. He was 
then appointed secretary of the Northwestern 
territory. This territory was then entitled to 
but one member in congress, and Capt. Harri- 
son was chosen to fill that position. 

In the spring of 1800 the Northwestern 
territory was divided by congress into two 
portions. The eastern portion, comprising 
the region now embraced in the state of Ohio, 
was called "The Territory northwest of the 
Ohio." The western portion, which included 
what is now called Indiana," Illinois, and Wis- 
consin, was called the "Indiana territory." 
William Henry Harrison, then twenty-seven 
years of age, was appointed, by John Adams, 
governor of the Indiana territory, and imme- 
diately after, also governor of upper Louisi- 
ana. He was thus ruler over almost as 
extensive a realm as any sovereign upon the 
globe. He was superintendent of Indian af- 
fairs, and was invested with powers nearly 
dictatorial over the now rapidly increasing 
white population. The ability and fidelity 
with which he discharged these responsible 
duties may be inferred from the fact that he 
was four times appointed to this office — first 
by John Adams, twice by Thomas Jefferson 
and afterward by President Madison. 

When he began his administration there 
were but three white settlements in that al- 
most boundless region, now crowded with 
cities and resounding with all the tumult of 
wealth and traffic. One of these settlements 

was on the Ohio, nearly opposite Louisville; 
one at Vincennes, on the Wabash, and the 
third a French settlement. 

The vast wilderness over which Gov. Har- 
rison reigned was filled with many tribes of 
Indians. About the year 1S06, two extraordi- 
nary men, twin brothers, of the Shawnee 
tribe, rose among them. One of these was 
called Tecumseh, or "The Crouching Pan- 
ther;" the other, Olliwacheca, or "The Pro- 
phet." Tecumseh was not only an Indian 
warrior, but a man of great sagacity, far- 
reaching foresight and indomitable persever- 
ance in any enterprise in which he might en- 
gage. He was inspired with the highest 
enthusiasm, and had long regarded with dread 
and with hatred the encroachments of the 
whites upon the hunting grounds of his fath- 
ers. His brother, the Prophet, was an orator, 
who could sway the feelings of the untutored 
Indian as the 'gale tossed the tree-tops beneath 
which they dwelt. 

Gov. Harrison made many attempts to 
conciliate the Indians, but at last the war 
came, and at Tippecanoe the Indians were 
routed with great slaughter. October 28, 
1812, his army began its march. \\'hen near 
the Prophet's town three Indians of rank made 
their appearance and inquired why Gov. Har- 
rison was approaching them in so hostile an 
attitude. After a short conference, arrange- 
ments were made for a meeting the next day, 
to agree upon terms of peace. But Gov. Har- 
rison was too well acquainted with the Indian 
character to be deceived by such protestations. 
Selecting a favorable spot for his night's en- 
campment, he took every precaution against 
surprise. His troops were posted in a hollow 
square, and slept upon their arms. The 
troops threw themselves upon the ground for 
rest; but every man had his accoutrements 
on, his loaded musket by his side, and his 
bayonet fixed. The wakeful governor, between 



three and four o'clock in the morning, had" 
risen and was sitting in conversation with his 
aids by the embers of a waning fire. It was a 
chill, cloudy morning with a drizzling rain. 
In the darkness, the Indians had crept as near 
as possible, and just then, with a savage yeli, 
rushed with all the desperation which supersti- 
tion and passion most highly inflamed could 
give, upon the left flank of the little army. 
The savages had been amply provided with 
guns and ammunition by the English. Their 
war-whoop was accompanied by a shower of 
bullets. The camp-fires were instantly extin- 
guished, as the light aided the Indians in their 
aim. With hideous yells, the Indian bands 
rushed on, not doubting a speedy and entire 
victory. But Gen. Harrison's troops stood as 
immovable as the rocks around them until day 
dawned; they then made a simultaneous charge 
with the bayonet, and swept everything before 
them, and completely routed the foe. Gov. 
Harrison now had all his energies tasked to the 
utmost. The British, descending from the Can- 
adas, were of themselves a very formidable 
force; but with their savage allies, rushing like 
wolves from the forest, searching out every 
remote farm house, burning, plundering, scalp- 
ing, torturing, the wide frontier was plunged 
into a state of consternation which even the 
most vivid imagination can but faintly con- 
ceive. Gen. Hull had made the ignominious 
surrender of his forces at Detroit. Under 
these despairing circumstances. Gov. Harrison 
was appointed by President Madison comman- 
der-in-chief of the Northwestern army, with 
orders to retake Detroit, and to protect the 

Harrison won the love of his soldiers by 
always sharing with them their fatigue. His 
whole baggage, while pursuing the foe up the 
Thames, was carried in a valise; and his bed- 
ding consisted of a single blanket lashed over 
his saddle. Thirty-five British officers, his 

prisoners of war, supped with him after the bat- 
tle. The only fare he could give them was beef 
roasted before the fire, without bread or salt. 

In 1816, Gen. Harrison was chosen a mem- 
ber of the national house of representatives to 
represent the district of Ohio. In congress he 
proved an active member, and, whenever he 
spoke, it was with force of reason and power 
of eloquence, which arrested the attention of 
all the members. 

In 1S19, Harrison was elected to the sen- 
ate of Ohio; and in 1S24, as one of the presi- 
dential electors of that state, he gave his vote 
for Henry Clay. The same year he was chosen 
to the United States senate. 

In 1836, the friends of Gen. Harrison 
brought him forward as a candidate for the 
presidency against Van Buren, but he was de- 
feated. At the close of Mr. Van Buren's term, 
he was re-nominated by his party, and Harri- 
son was unanimously nominated by the whigs, 
with John Tyler for the vice presidency. The 
contest was very animated. Gen. Jackson 
gave all his influence to prevent Harrison's 
election; but his triumph was signal. 

The cabinet which he formed, with Daniel 
Webster at its head as secretary of state, was 
one of the most brilliant with which any presi- 
dent had ever been surrounded. In the midst 
of these bright and joyous prospects, Gen. 
Harrison was seized by a pleurisy-fever, and, 
after a few days of violent sickness, died on 
the 4th of April; just one month after his inau- 
guration as president of the United States. 

With the exception, perhaps, of the death 
of George Washington, the demise of no presi- 
dent of the United States, down to this time, 
had created a deeper thrill of sympathy through- 
out the country than that of President Harri- 
son. North and south, his obsequies were ob- 
served with unaffected sorrow, and men of all 
parties seemed to forget differences of opinion 
in doing honor to the memory of the dead. 


>Y»OHN TYLER,, the tenth president of 
m the United States, was born in Charles 
/»! City county, Va. , March 29, 1790. 
At the early age of twelve, John entered 
William and Mary college and graduated with 
much honor when but seventeen years old. 
He devoted himself with great assiduity to the 
study of law, partly with his father and partly 
with Edmund Randolph, one of the most dis- 
tinguished lawyers of Virginia. 

At nineteen years of age, he commenced 
the practice of law. His success was rapid 
and astonishing. It is said that three months 
had not elapsed ere there was scarcely a case 
on the docket of the court in which he was not 
retained. When but twenty-one years of age, 
he was almost unanimously elected to a seat in 
the state legislature. He connected himself 
with the democratic party, and warmly ad- 
vocated the measures of Jefferson and Madison. 
For five successive years he' was elected to the 
legislature, receiving nearly the unanimous 
vote of his county. 

When but twenty-six years of age, he was 
elected a member of congress. Here he acted 
earnestly and ably with the democratic party, 
opposing a national bank, internal improve- 
ments by the general government, a protective 
tariff, and advocating a strict construction of 
the constitution, and the most careful vigilance 
over state rights. His labors in congress were 
so arduous that before the close of his second 
term he found it necessary to resign and retire 
to his estate in Charles City county, to recruit 
his health. He, however, soon after consented 
to take his seat in the state legislature, where 
his influence was powerful in promoting public 
works of great utility. He was then chosen 
by a very large majority of votes, governor of 
his native state. His administration was sig- 
nally a successful one, and his popularity 
secured his re-election. 

John Randolph, a brilliant, erratic, half- 

crazed man, then represented Virginia in the 
senate of the United States. A portion of the 
democratic party was displeased with Mr. 
Randolph's wayward course, and brought 
forward John Tyler as his opponent, and 
Tyler was the victor. In accordance with his 
professions, upon taking his seat in the senate, 
he joined the ranks of the opposition. He 
opposed the tariff; he spoke against and voted 
against the bank as unconstitutional; he stren- 
uously opposed all restrictions upon slavery, 
resisting all projects of internal improvements 
by the general government, and avowed hig 
sympathy with Mr. Calhoun's view of nullifica- 
tion; he declared that Gen. Jackson, by his 
opposition to the nullifiers, had abandoned the 
principles of the democratic party. Such was 
Mr. Tyler's record in congress — a record in 
perfect accordance with the principles which 
he had always avowed. 

Returning to Virginia, he resumed the 
practice of his profession. There was a split 
in the democratic party. His friends still re- 
garded him as a true Jeffersonian, gave him a 
dinner, and showered compliments upon him. 
He had now attained the age of forty-six. 
Soon after this he removed to Williamsburg, 
for the better education of his children; and 
he again took his seat in the legislature of Vir- 

By the southern whigs, he was sent to the 
national convention at Harrisburg to nominate 
a president in 1839. The majority of votes 
were given to Gen. Harrison, a genuine whig, 
much to the disappointment of the south, who 
wished for Henry Clay. To conciliate the 
southern whigs and to secure their vote, the 
convention then nominated John Tyler for 
vice president. Thus it happened that a whig 
president and, in reality, a democratic vice 
president were chosen. 

In 1 841, Mr. Tyler was inaugurated vice 
president of the United States. In one short 




month from that time Pres. Harrison died, and 
Mr. Tyler thus found' himself, to his own sur- 
prise and that of the whole nation, an occu- 
pant of the presidential chair. This was a new 
test of the stability of our institutions, as it 
was the first time in the history of our country 
that such an event had occurred. Mr. Tyler 
was at home in Williamsburg when he received 
the unexpected tidings of the death of Pres. 
Harrison. He hastened to Washington, and 
on the 6th of April was inaugurated to the high 
and responsible office. Gen. Harrison had 
selected a whig cabinet. Should he retain 
them, and thus surround himself with coun- 
selors whose views were antagonistic to his 
own? or, on the other hand, should he turn 
against the party which had elected him and 
select a cabinet in harmony with himself, and 
which would oppose all those views which the 
whigs deemed essential to the public wel- 
fare.' This was his fearful dilemma, and so he 
invited the cabinet which Pres. Harrison had 
selected to retain their seats. 

The whigs carried through congress a bill 
for the incorporation of a fiscal bank of the 
United States. The president, after ten days' 
delay, returned it with his veto. He suggested, 
hov.ever, that he would approve of a bill 
drawn up upon such a plan as he proposed. 
Such a bill was accordingly prepared, and 
privately submitted to him. He gave it his 
approval. It was passed without alteration, 
and he sent it back with his veto. Here com- 
menced the open rupture. It is said that Mr. 
Tyler was provoked to this measure by a pub- 
lished letter from the Hon. John M. Botts, a 
distmguished Virginia whig, who severely 
touched the pride of the president. 

The opposition now exultingly received the 
president into their arms. The party which 
elected him denounced him bitterly. All the 
members of his cabinet, excepting Mr. Web- 
ster, resigned. The whigs of congress, both the 

senate and the house, held a meeting and issued 
an address to the people of the United States, 
proclaiming that all political alliances between 
the whigs and Pres. Tyler were at an end. 

Still the president attempted to conciliate. 
He appointed a new cabinet of distinguished 
whigs and conservatives, carefully leaving out 
all strong party men. Mr. Webster soon 
found it necessary to resign, forced out by the 
pressure of his whig friends. Thus the four 
years of Mr. Tylor's unfortunate administra- 
tion passed sadly away. More and more, 
however, he brought himself into sympathy 
with his old friends, the democrats, until, at 
the close of his term, he gave his whole influ- 
ence to the support of Mr. Polk, the demo- 
cratic candidate for his successor. 

On the 4th of March, 1845, he retired from 
office, to the regret of neither party, and 
probably to his own unspeakable relief. His 
first wife. Miss Letitia Christian, died in 
Washington, in 1842; and in June, 1844, 
Pres. Tyler was again married, at New York, to 
Miss Julia Gardiner, a young lady of many 
personal and intellectual accomplishments. 

The remainder of his days Mr. Tyler passed 
mainly in retirement at his beautiful home — ■ 
Sherwood Forest, Charles City county, Va. 
A polished gentleman in his manners, richly 
furnished with information from books and 
experience in the world, and possessing bril- 
liant powers of conversation,' his family circle 
was the scene of unusual attractions. With 
sufficient means for the exercise of a generous 
hospitality, he might have enjoyed a serene 
old age with the few friends who gathered 
around him, were it not for the storms of civil 
war which his own principles and policy had 
helped to introduce. 

When the great rebellion rose, which the 
state rights and nullifying doctrines of John C. 
Calhoun had inaugurated, Pres. Tyler re- 
nounced his allegiance to the United States, 



and joined the confederates. He was chosen, 
a member of their congress; and while engaged 
in active measures to destroy, by force of arms, 
the government over which he had onr.e pre- 
sided, he was taken sick and soon died. 

>^AMES KNOX POLK, the eleventh 
t president of the United States, was 
A 1 born in Mecklenburg county, N. C. , 
November 2, 1795. His parents were 
Samuel and Jane (Kr.- x) Polk, the former a 
son of Col. Thomas Polk, who located at the 
above place, as one of the first pioneers, in 

In the year 1806, with his wife and chil- 
dren, and soon after followed by most of the 
members of the Polk family, Samuel Polk emi- 
grated some two or three hundred miles further 
west, to the rich valley of the Duck river, Tenn. 
Here, in the midst of the wilderness, in a 
region which was subsequently called Maury 
county, they reared their log huts, and estab- 
lished their homes. In the hard toil of a new 
farm in the wilderness, James K. Polk spent 
the early years of his childhood and youth. 
His father, adding the pursuit of a surveyor to 
that of a farmer, gradually increased in wealth 
until he became one of the leading men of the 

Very early in life, James developed a taste 
for reading and expressed the strongest desire 
to obtain a liberal education. His mother's 
training had made him methodical in his habits, 
had taught him punctuality and industry, and 
had inspired him with lofty principles of 
morality. His health was frail; and his father, 
fearing that he might not be able to endure a 
sedentary life, got a situation for him behind 
the counter, hoping to fit him for commercial 
pursuits. He remained in this uncongenial 
occupation but a few weeks, when at his 
earnest solicitation his father removed him, 

and made arrangements for him to prosecute 
his studies. Soon after he sent him to Mur- 
freesboro academy. In the autumn of 181 5 he 
entered the sophomore class in the university 
of North Carolina, at Chapel Hill. He grad- 
uated in 1 8 18, with the highest honors, being 
deemed the best scholar of his class, both 
in mathematics and classics. He was then 
twenty-three years of age. Mr. Polk's health 
was at this time much impaired by the assi- 
duity with which he had prosecuted his studies. 
After a short season of relaxation he went to 
Nashville, Tenn., and entered the office of 
Felix Grundy, to study law. Here Mr. Polk 

; renewed his acquaintance with Andrew Jack- 
son, who resided on his plantation, the Her- 

i mitage, but a few miles from Nashville. 

James K. Polk was a popular public speaker, 

I and was constantly called upon to address the 
meetings of his party friends. His skill as a 
speaker was such that he was popularly called 
the Napoleon of the stump. He was a man 
of unblemished morals, genial and courteous 
in his bearing, and with that sympathetic na- 
ture in the joys and griefs of others which ever 
gave him troops of friends. In 1823, Mr. 
Polk was elected to the legislature of Tennes- 
see. Here he gave his strong inliuence toward 
the election of his friend, Mr. Jackson, to the 
presidency of the United States. 

In January, 1824, Mr. Polk married Miss 
Sarah Childress, of Rutherford county, Tenn. 
His bride was altogether worthy of him — a 
lady of beauty and culture. In the fall of 1825, 
Mr. Polk was chosen a member of congress. 
The satisfaction which he gave to his constit- 
uents may be inferred from the fact, that for 
fourteen successive years, until 1S39, he was 
continued in that office. He then voluntarily 
withdrew, only that he might accept the 
gubernatorial chair of Tennessee. In congress 
he was a laborious member, a frequent and 
popular speaker. He was always in his seat, 



always courteous; and whenever he spoke it 
was always to the point, and without any am- 
bitious rhetorical display. 

During five sessions of congress, Mr. Polk 
was speaker of the house. Strong passions 
were aroused, and stormy scenes were witness- 
ed; but Mr. Polk performed his arduous duties 
to a very general satisfaction, and a unani- 
mous vote of thanks to him was passed by the 
house as he withdrew on the 4th of March, 

On the 14th of October, 1839, he took the 
oath of office as governor of Tennessee at 
Nashville. In 1841, his term of office ex- 
pired, and he was again the candidate of the 
democratic party, but was defeated. On the 
4th of March, 1845, ^Ir- Polk was inaugurated 
president of the United States. The verdict 
of the country in favor of the annexation of 
Texas exerted its influence upon congress; and 
the last act of the administration of President 
Tyler was to affix his signature to a joint reso- 
lution of congress, passed on the 3d of March, 
approving of the annexation of Texas to the 
American Union. As Mexico still claimed 
Texas as one of her provinces, the Mexican 
minister, Almonte, immediately demanded his 
passports and left the country, declaring the 
act of annexation to be an act hostile to 

In his message, President Polk urged that 
Texas should immediately, by act of congress, 
be received into the Union on the same foot- 
ing with the other states. In the meantime. 
Gen. Taylor was sent with an army into Texas 
to hold the country. He was sent first to 
Nueces, which the Mexicans said was the 
western boundary of Texas. Then he was 
sent nearly two hundred miles further west, to 
the Rio Grande, where he erected batteries 
which commanded the Mexican city of Matamo- 
ras, which was situated on the western banks. 

The anticipated collision soon took place, and 

war was declared against Mexico by President 
Polk. The war was pushed forward by Mr.-. 
Polk's administration with great vigor. Gen. 
Taylor, whose army was first called one of 
"obser\'ation, " then of "occupation," then of 
"invasion," was sent forward to Monte- 
rey. The feeble Mexicans, in every encounter, 
were hopelessly and awfully slaughtered. It 
was by the ingenuity of Mr. Polk's administra- 
tion that the war was brought on. 

"To the victors belong the spoils. ' Mex- 
ico was prostrate before us. Her capital was 
in our hands. 'We now consented to peace 
upon the condition that Mexico should sur- 
render to us, in addition to Texas, all of New 
Mexico, and all of Upper and Lower Califor- 
nia. This new demand embraced, exclusive 
of Texas, 800,000 square miles. This was an 
extent of territory equal to nine states of the 
size of New York. Thus slavery was securing 
eighteen majestic states to be added to the 
Union. In the prosecution of this war we ex- 
pended 20,000 lives and more than $100,000,- ' 
000. Of this more than $15,000,000 were 
paid to Mexico. 

On the 3d of March, 1849, Mr. Polk re- 
tired from office, having served one term. The 
next day was Sunday. On the 5th, Gen. 
Taylor was inaugurated as his successor. Mr. 
Polk rode to the capitol in the same carrriage 
with Gen. Taylor; and the same evening, with 
Mrs. Polk, he commenced his return to Ten- 
nessee. He was then but fifty-four years of 
age. He had ever been strictly temperate in 
all his habits and his health was good. With 
an ample fortune, a choice library, a cultivated 
mind, and domestic ties of the dearest nature, 
it seemed as though long years of tranquility 
and happiness were before him. But the 
cholera — the awful scourge — was then sweep- 
ing up the valley of the Mississippi. This he 
contracted, and died on the i 5th of June, 1849, 
in the fifty-fourth year of his age. 



^-^ACHARY TAYLOR, twelfth presi- 
J^^r dent of the United States, was born 
M M on the 24th of November, 1784, in 
Orange county, Va. His father, 
Colonel Taylor, was a Virginian of note, and 
a distinguished patriot and soldier of the Revo- 
lution. When Zachary was an infant, his 
father, with his wife and two children, emi- 
grated to Kentucky, where he settled, a few 
miles from Louisville. In this frontier home 
young Zachary could enjoy but few social and 
educational advantages. When six years of 
age he attended a common school, and was 
then regarded as a bright, active boy, rather 
remarkable for bluntness and decision of char- 
acter. He was strong, fearless and self-reli- 
ant, and manifested a strong desire to enter 
the army to fight the Indians who were ravag- 
ing the frontiers. 

In 1808, his father succeeded in obtaining 
for him the commission of lietenant in the 
United States army; and he joined the troops 
which were stationed at New Orleans under 
Gen. Wilkinson. Soon after this he married 
Miss Margaret Smith, a young lady from one 
of the first families of Maryland. 

Immediately after the declaration of war 
with England, in 1812, Capt. Taylor (for he 
had then been promoted to that rank) was put 
in command of Fort Harrison, on the Wa- 
bash, about fifty miles above Vincennes. 
This fort had been built in the wilderness by 
Gen. Harrison, on his march to Tippecanoe. 
It was one of the first points of attack by the 
Indians, led by Tecumseh. Its garrison con- 
sisted of a broken company of infantry num- 
bering fifty men, many of whom were sick. 
Early in the autumn of 18 12, the Indians, 
stealthily, and in large numbers, moved upon 
the fort. Their approach was first indicated 
by the murder of two soldiers just outside of 
the stockade. Capt. Taylor made every possi- 
ble preparation to meet the anticipated as- 

sault. On the 4th of September, a band of 
forty painted and plumed savages came to the 
fort, waving a white flag, and informed Capt. 
Taylor that in the morning their chief would 
come to have a talk with him. It was evident 
that their object was merely to ascertain the 
state of things at the fort, and Capt. Taylor, 
well versed in the wiles of the savages, kept 
them at a distance. The sun went down; the 
savages disappeared, the garrison slept upon 
their arms. One hour before midnight the 
war-whoop burst from a thousand lips in the 
forest around, followed by the discharge of 
musketry, and the rush of the foe. Every 
man, sick and well, sprang to his post. Every 
man knew that defeat was not merely death, 
but in case of capture, death by the most 
agonizing and prolonged torture. The savages 
succeeded in setting fire to one of the block- 
houses. Until six o'clock in the morning, this 
awful conflict continued. The savages then, 
baffled at every point, and gnashing their teeth 
with rage, retired. Capt. Taylor, for this gal- 
lant defense, was promoted to the rank of 
major by brevet. 

■ Until the close of the war, Major Taylor 
was placed in such situations that he saw but 
little more of active service. He was sent far 
away into the depths of the wilderness, to 
Fort Crawford, on Fox river, which empties 
into Green bay. Gradually he rose to the 
rank of colonel. In the Black Hawk war, 
which resulted in the capture of that renowned 
chieftain. Col. Taylor took a subordinate but 
a brave and efficient part. For twenty-four 
years Col. Taylor was engaged in the defense 
of the frontiers, in scenes so remote, and in 
employments so obscure, that his name was 
unknown beyond the limits of his own imme- 
diate acquaintance. In the year 1836, he was 
sent to Florida to compel the Seminole Indians 
to vacate that region and retire beyond the 
Mississippi, as their chiefs, by treaty, had 



promised they should do. The services ren- 
dered here secured Col. Taylor the high ap- 
preciation of the government; and as a reward, 
he was elevated to the rank of brigadier-gen- 
eral by brevet; and soon after, in May, 183S, 
was appointed to the chief command of the 
United States troops in Florida. After two 
years of such wearisome employment, Gen. 
Taylor obtained, at his own request, a change 
of command, and was stationed over the de- 
partment of the southwest. This field em- 
braced Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and 
Georgia. Establishing his headquarters at 
Fort Jesup, in Louisiana, he removed his fam- 
ily to a plantation which he purchased near 
Baton Rouge. Here he remained for five 
years, buried, as it were, from the world, but 
faithfully discharging every duty imposed upon 

In 1 846 Gen. Taylor was sent to guard the 
land between the Nueces -and Rio Grande, 
the latter river being the boundary of Texas, 
which was then claimed by the United States. 
Soon the war with Mexico was brought on, 
and at Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma, Gen. 
Taylor won brilliant victories over the Mex- 
icans. The rank of major-general by brevet 
was then conferred upon Gen. Taylor, and 
his name was received with enthusiasm almost 
everywhere in the nation. Then came the 
battles of Monterey and Buena Vista, in which 
he won signal victories over forces much larger 
than he commanded. His careless habits of 
dress and his unaffected simplicity, secured for 
Gen. Taylor among his troops the sobriquet of 
"Old Rough and Ready." 

The tidings of the brilliant victory of Bupna 
Vista spread the wildest enthusiasm over the 
country. The whig party decided to take ad- 
vantage of this wonderful popularity in bring- 
ing forward the unpolished, uncultured, honest 
soldier as their candidate for the presidency. 
Gen. Taylor was astonished at the announce- 

ment, and for a time would not listen to it; 
declaring that he was not at all qualified for 
such an office. So little interest had he taken 
in politics that, for forty years, he had not 
cast a vote. 

Gen. Taylor was not an eloquent speaker 
nor a fine writer. His friends took possession 
of him, and prepared such few communica- 
tions as it was needful should be presented to 
the public. The popularity of the successful 
warrior swept the land. He was triumph- 
antly elected over two opposing candidates — 
Gen. Cass and ex-Pres. Martin Van Buren. 
Though he selected an excellent cabinet, the 
good old man found himself in a very uncon- 
genial position, and was, at times, sorely per- 
plexed and harassed. His mental sufferings 
were very severe, and probably tended to has- 
ten his death. The proslaverj- party was 
pushing its claims with tireless energy; expedi- 
tions were fitting out to capture Cuba; CaH- 
fornia was pleading for admission to the 
Union, while slavery stood at the door to bar^ 
her out. Gen. Taylor found the political con- 
flicts in Washington to be far more trying to 
the nerves than battles with Mexicans or 

In the midst of all these troubles. Gen. 
Taylor, after he had occupied the presidential 
chair but little over a year, took cold, and 
after a brief sickness, of but litttle over five 
days, died on the 9th of July, 1850. His last 
words were; " I am not afraid to die. I am 
ready. I have endeavored to do my duty." 
He died universally respected and beloved. 

Gen. Scott, who was thoroughly acquainted 
with Gen. Taylor, gave the following graphic 
and truthful description of his character: 
" With a good store of common sense, Gen. 
Taylor's, mind had not been enlarged and re- 
freshed by reading, or much converse with the 
world. Rigidity of ideas was the consequence. 
The frontiers and small military posts had 


been his home. Hence he was quite ignorant 
for his rank, and quite bigoted in his igno- 
rance. His simpHcity was child-like and 
with innumerable prejudices, amusing and in- 
corrigible, well suited to the tender age. 
Thus, if a man, however, respectable, chanced 
to wear a coat of an unusual color, or his hat 
a little on one side of his head; or an officer 
to leave a corner of his handkerchief dangling 
from an outside pocket — in any such case, this 
critic held the offender to be a coxcomb (per- 
haps something worse), whom he would not, 
to use his oft repeated phase, "touch with a 
pair of tongs." 

president of the United States, wag 
born at Summer Hill, Cayuga 
county, N. Y., on the 7th of Janu- 
ary, iSoo. His father was a farmer, and, 
owing to misfortune, in humble circumstances. 
Of his mother, the daughter of Dr. Abiathar 
Millard, of Pittsfield, Mass. , it has been said 
that she possessed an intellect of very high 
order, united with much personal loveliness, 
sweetness of disposition, graceful manners and 
exquisite sensibilities. She died in i8'3i; 
having lived to see her son a young man of 
distinguished promise, though she was not per- 
mitted to witness the high dignity which he 
finally attained. 

In consequence of the secluded home and 
limited means of his father, Millard enjoyed 
but slender advantages for education in his 
early years. The sacred influences of home 
had taught him to revere the Bible, and- had 
laid the foundations of an upright character. 
When fourteen years of age his father sent 
him some hundred miles from home, to the 
then wilds of Livingston county, to learn the 
trade of a clothier. Near the mill there was 

a small village, where some enterprising man 
had commenced the collection of a village 
library. This proved an inestimable blessing 
to young Fillmore. His evenings were spent 
in reading. . Soon every leisure moment was 
occupied with books. His thirst for knowledge 
became insatiate, and the selections which he 
made were continually more elevating and 
instructive. He read history, biography, 
oratory, and thus gradually there was en- 
kindled in his heart a desire to be something 
more than a mere worker with his hands; and 
he was becoming, almost unknown to himself, 
a well informed, educated man. 

The young clothier had now attained the 
age of nineteen years, and was of fine per- 
sonal appearance and of gentlemanly demeanor. 
It so happened that there was a gentleman in 
the neighborhood of ample pecuniary means 
and of benevolence — Judge Walter Wood — 
who was struck with the prepossessing appear- 
ance of young Fillmore. He made his ac- 
quaintance, and was so much impressed 
with his ability and attainments that he ad- 
vised him to abandon his trade and devote 
himself to the study of law. The young man 
replied that he had no means of his own, no 
friends to help him, and that his previous edu- 
cation had been ver>' imperfect. But Judge 
Wood had so much confidence in him that he 
kindly offered to take him into his own office, 
and to loan him such money as he needed. 
Most gratefully the generous offer was ac- 

In 1823, when twenty-three years of age, 
he was admitted to the court of common pleas. 
He then went to the village of Aurora, and 
commenced the practice of law. In this 
secluded, peaceful region, his practice, of 
course, was limited, and there was no oppor- 
tunity for a sudden rise in fortune or in fame. 
Here, in the year 1S26, he married a lady of 
great moral worth, and one capable of adorn- 




ing any station she might be called to fill — 
Miss Abigail Powers. 

His elevation of character, his untiring in- 
dustry, his legal acquirements, and his skill as 
an advocate, gradually attracted attention; 
and he was invited to enter into partnership, 
under highly advantageous circumstances, with 
an elder member of the bar in Buffalo. Just 
before removing to Buffalo, in 1829, he took 
his seat in the house of assembly, of the state 
of New York, as a representative from Erie 
county. Though he had never taken a very 
active part in politics, his vote and his sympa- 
thies were with the whig party. The state 
was then democratic, and he found him- 
self in a helpless minority in the legislature, 
still the testimony comes from all parties, that 
his courtesy, ability, and integrity, won, to 
a very unusual degree, the respect of his asso- 

In the autumn of 1832, he was elected to 
a seat in the United States congress. He en- 
tered that troubled arena in some of the most 
tumultuous hours of our national history. 
The great conflict respecting the national bank 
and the removal of the deposits was then 

His term of two years closed, and he re- 
turned to his profession, which he pursued with 
increasing reputation and success. After a 
lapse of two years he again became a candi- 
date for congress; was re-elected, and took his 
seat in 1837. His past experience as a repre- 
'sentative gave him strength and confidence. 
The first term of service in congress to any 
man can be but little more than an introduc- 
tion. He was now prepared for active duty. 
Fillmore was now a man of wide repute, and 
his popularity filled the state, and in the year 
1847 he was elected comptroller of the state. 

Fillmore had attained the age of forty- 
seven years. His labors at the bar, in the 
legislature, in congress, and as comptroller. 

had given him very considerable fame. The 
whigs were casting about to find suitable can- 
didates for president and vice president at the 
approaching election. Far away, on the 
waters of the Rio Grande, there was a rough 
old soldier, who had fought successful battles 
with the Mexicans, which had caused his 
name to be proclaimed in trumpet-tones all 
over the land. But it was necessary to asso- 
ciate with him, on the same ticket, some 
man of reputation as a statesman. Under the 
influence of these considerations, the names of 
Zachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore became 
the rallying cry of the whigs, as their candi- 
dates for president and vice president. The 
whig ticket was signally triumphant. On the 
4th of March, 1849, Gen. Taylor was inaugu- 
rated president, and Millard Fillmore vice 
president, of the United States. 

On the 9th of July, 1850, Pres. Taylor, but 
one year and four months after his inaugura- 
tion, was suddenly taken sick and died. By 
the constitution, Vice Pres. Fillmore thus be- 
came president. He appointed a very able 
cabinet, of which the illustrious Daniel Web- 
ster was secretary' of state. 

Fillmore had very serious dilBculties to 
contend with, since the opposition had a ma- 
jorty in both house. He did everything in 
his power to conciliate the south; but the pro- 
slavery party, in the south felt the inadequacy 
of all measures of transient conciliation. The 
population of the free states was so rapidly in- 
creasing over that of the slave states that it 
was inevitable that the power of the govern- 
ment should soon pass into the hands of the 
free states. The famous compromise meas- 
ures were adopted under Fillmore's administra- 
tion, and the Japan expedition was sent out. 
On the 4th of March, 1853, Fillmore, having 
served one term, retired. 

In 1856, Fillmore was nominated for the 
presidency by the "know nothing" party, but 



was beaten by Mr. Buchanan. After that 
Fillmore lived in retirement. During the ter- 
rible conflict of civil war he was mostly silent. 
It was generally supposed that his sympathies 
were rather with those who were endeavoring 
to overthrow our institutions. He lived to a 
ripe old age, and died in Buffalo, N. Y. , 
March 8, 1874. 

BRANKLIN PIERCE, the fourteenth 
presidentofthe United States, wasborn 
in Hillsborough, N. H.,November23, 
1804. Franklin was a very bright 
and handsome boy, generous, warm-hearted 
and brave. He won alike the love of old and 
young. The boys on the play ground. loved 
him. His teachers loved him. The neigh- 
bors looked upon him with pride and affection. 
He was by instinct a gentleman; always speak- 
ing kind words, doing kind deeds, with a 
peculiar unstudied tact which taught him what 
was agreeable. Without developing any pre- 
cocity of genius, or any unnatural devotion to 
books, he was a good scholar; in body, in mind, 
in affections, a finely developed boy. 

When sixteen years of age, in the year 
1820, he entered Bowdoin college at Bruns- 
wick, Maine. He was one of the most popu- 
lar young men in the college. The purity of 
his moral character, the unvarying courtesy of 
his demeanor, his rank as a scholar, and genial 
nature, rendered him a universal favorite. 
There was something very peculiarly winning 
in his address, and it was evidently not in the 
slightest degree studied; it was the simple out- 
gushing of his own magnanimous and loving 

Upon graduating, in the year 1824, Frank- 
lin Pierce commenced the study of law in the 
office of Judge Woodbury, one of the most 
distinguished lawyers of the state, and a man 
of great private worth. The eminent social 

qualities of the young lawyer, his father's 
promince as a public man, and the brilliant 
political career into which Judge Woodbury 
was entering, all tended to entice Mr. Pierce 
into the fascinating, yet perilous, path of po- 
litical life.' With all the ardor of his nature 
he espoused the cause of Gen. Jackson for the 
presidency. He commenced the practice of 
law in Hillsborough, and was soon elected to 
represent the town in the state legislature. 
Here he served for four years. The last two 
years he was chosen speaker of the house by a 
very large vote. 

In 1833, at the age of twenty-nine, he was 
elected a member of congress. Without tak- 
ing an active part in debates, he was faithful 
and laborious in duty, and ever rising in the 
estimation of those with whom he was associ- 
ated. In 1837, being then but thirty-three 
years of age, he was elected to the senate of 
the United States, taking his seat just as Mr. 
Van Buren commenced his administration. 
He was the youngest member in the senate. 
In the year 1834 he married Miss Jane Means 
Appleton, a lady of rare beauty and accom- 
plishments, and one admirably fitted to adorn 
every station with which her husband was 
honored. Of the three sons who were born 
to them, all now sleep with their parents in 
the grave. 

In the year 1838, Mr. Pierce, with growing 
fame and increasing business as a lawyer, took 
up his residence in Concord, the capital of 
New Hampshire. President Polk, upon his • 
accession to office, appointed Mr. Pierce at- 
torney-general of the United States; but the 
offer was declined in consequence of numerous 
professional engagements at home and the 
precarious state of Mrs. Pierce's health. He 
also about tl;e same time declined the nomina- 
tion for governor by the democratic party. 
The war with Me.xico called Mr. Pierce to the 
army. Receiving the appointment of briga- 




dier-general, he embarked with a portion of 
his troops at Newport, R. I., on the 27th of 
May, 1847. He took an important part in 
this war, proving himself a brave and true 

When Gen. Pierce reached his home in his 
native state he was received enthusiastically 
by the advocates of the Mexican war, and 
coldly by its opponents. He resumed the 
practice of his profession, very frequently tak- 
ing an active part in political questions, giving 
his cordial support to the pro-slavery wing of 
the democratic party. The compromise meas- 
ures met cordially with his approval; and he 
strenuously advocated the enforcement of the 
infamous fugitive-slave law, which so shocked 
the religious sensibilities of the north. He thus 
became distinguished as a •■northern man with 
southern principles." The strong partisans of 
slavery in the south consequently regarded 
him as a man whom they could safely trust in 
office to carry out their plans.- 

On the I2th of June, 1S52, the democratic 
convention met in Baltimore to nominate a 
candidate for the presidency. For four days 
they continued in session, and in thirty-five 
ballotings no one had obtained a two-thirds 
vote. Not a vote thus far had been thrown 
for Gen. Pierce. Then the Virginia delega- 
tion brought forward his name. There were 
fourteen more ballotings, during which Gen. 
Pierce constantly gained strength, until, at the 
forty-ninth ballot, he received 282 votes, and 
all other candidates eleven. Gen. Winfield 
Scott was the whig candidate. Gen. Pierce 
was chosen with great unanimity. Only four 
states — Vermont, Massachusetts, Kentucky 
and Tennessee — cast their electoral votes 
against him. Gen. Franklin Pierce was there- 
fore inaugurated president of the United States 
on the 4th of March, 1853. 

His administration proved one of the most 
stormy our countr}' had ever experienced. The 

controversy between slavery and freedom was 
then approaching its culminating point. It 
became evident that there was an "irrepress- 
ible conflict" between them, and that the 
nation could not long exist "half slave and 
half free." President Pierce, during the whole 
of his administration, did everything he could 
to conciliate the south; but it was all in vain. 
The conflict every year grew more and more 
violent, and threats of the dissolution of the 
Union were borne to the north on every 
southern breeze. 

On the 4th of March. 1S57, President 
Pierce retired to his home in Concord. Of 
three children, two had died, and his only sur- 
viving child had been killed before his eyes by 
a railroad accident; and his wife, one of the 
most estimable and accomplished of ladies, 
was rapidly sinking in consumption. The hour 
of dreadful gloom soon came, and he was left 
alone in the world without wife or child. 

Such was the condition of affairs when 
Pres. Pierce approached the close of his four 
years' term of office. The north had become 
thoroughly alienated from him. The anti- 
slavery sentiment, goaded by great outrages, 
had been rapidly increasing; all the intellectual 
ability and social worth of Pres. Pierce were 
forgotten in deep reprehension of his adminis- 
trative acts. The slaveholders of the south, 
also, unmindful of the fidelity with which he 
had advocated those measures of government 
which they approved, and perhaps, also, feel- 
ing that he had rendered himself so unpopular 
as no longer to be able acceptably to serve 
them, ungratefully dropped him, and nomi- 
nated James Buchanan to succeed him. 

When the terrible rebeUion broke forth, 
which divided our country into two parties, 
Mr. Pierce remained steadfast in the principles 
which he had always cherished and gave his 
sympathies to that pro-slavery party with 
which he had ever been allied. He declined 



to do anything, either by voice or pen, to 
strengthen the hand of the national govern- 
ment. He continued to reside in Concord 
until the time of his death, vifhich occurred in 
October, 1869. He was one of the most genial 
and social of men, an honored communicant 
of the Episcopal church, and one of the kind- 
est of neighbors. Generous to a fault, he con- 
tributed liberally for the alleviation of suffer- 
ing and want, and many of his townspeople 
were often gladdened by his material bounty. 

>T^AMES BUCHANAN, the fifteenth presi- 
M dent of the United States, was born in 
^J Franklin county. Pa., on the 23d of 
April, 1 79 1. His father was a native 
of the north of Ireland; a poor man, who had 
emigrated in 1783, with little property save his 
own strong arms. Five years afterward he 
married Elizabeth Spear., the daughter of a 
respectable farmer, and, with his young bride, 
plunged into the wilderness, staked his claim, 
reared his log hut, opened a clearing with his 
ax, and settled down to perform his obscure 
part in the drama of life. In this secluded 
home, where James was born, he remained for 
eight years, enjoying but few social or intel- 
lectual advantages. When James was eight 
years of age his father removed to the village 
of Mercersburg, where his son was placed at 
school, and commenced a course of study in 
English, Latin and Greek. His progress was 
rapid, and at the age of fourteen he entered 
Dickenson college at Carlisle. Here he de- 
veloped remarkable talent, and took his stand 
among the first scholars of the institution. His 
application to study was intense, and yet his 
native powers enabled him to master the most 
abstruse subjects with facility. In the year 
1809, he graduated with the highest honors of 
his class. He was then eighteen years of age; 

tall and graceful, vigorous in health, fond of 
athletic sport, an unerring shot, and enlivened 
with an exuberant flow of animal spirits. He 
immediately commenced the study of law in 
the city of Lancaster, and was admitted to the 
bar in 18 12, when he was but twenty-one 
years of age. Very rapidly he rose in his pro- 
fession, and at once took undisputed stand 
with the ablest lawyers of the state. When 
but twenty-six years of age, unaided by coun- 
sel, he successfully defended before the state 
senate one of the judges of the state, who was 
tried upon articles of impeachment. At the 
age of thirty it was generally admitted that he 
stood at the head of the bar. 

In 1820 he reluctantly consented to run as 
a candidate for congress. He was elected, 
and for ten years he remained a member of 
the lower house. During the vacations of 
congress, he occasionally tried some important 
case. In 1831 he retired altogether from the 
toils of his profession, having acquired an 
ample fortune. 

Gen. Jackson, upon his elevation to the 
presidency, appointed Mr. Buchanan minister 
to Russia. The duties of his mission he per- 
formed with ability which gave satisfaction to 
all parties. Upon his return, in 1833, he was 
elected to a seat in the United States senate. 
He there met, as his associates, Webster, 
Clay, Wright and Calhoun. He advocated 
the measures proposed by Pres. Jackson, of 
making reprisals against France, to enforce 
the payment of our claims against that countr)-; 
and defended the course of the president in 
his unprecedented and wholesale removal from 
ofSce of those who were not supporters of his 
administration. Upon this question he was 
brought into direct collision with Henry Clay. 
He also, with voice and vote, advocated ex- 
punging from the journal of the senate the 
vote of censure against Gen. Jackson for re- 
moving the deposits. Earnestly he opposed 




the abolition of slavery in the District of Co- 
lumbia, and urged the prohibition of the circu- 
lation of anti-slaver>- documents by the United 
States mail. 

Upon Mr. Polk's accession to the presi- 
dency, Mr. Buchanan became secretary of 
state, and as such took his share of the respon- 
sibility in the conduct of the Mexican war. Mr. 
Polk assumed that crossing the Nueces by the 
American troops into the disputed territory was 
not wrong, but for the Me.xicans to cross the 
Rio Grande into that territory was a declara- 
tion of war. Mr. Buchanan identified himself 
thoroughly with the party devoted to the per- 
petuation and extension of slavery, and brought 
all the energies of his mind to bear against the 
Wilmot Proviso. He gave his approval of 
the compromise measures of 1850, which in- 
cluded the fugitive slave law. Mr. Pierce, upon 
his election to the presidency, honored Mr. 
Buchanan with the mission to England. 

In the year 1S56, a national democratic 
convention nominated Mr. Buchanan for the 
presidency. The political conflict was one of 
the most severe in which our country has ever 
engaged. All the friends of slavery were on 
one side; all the advocates of its restriction 
and final abolition on the other. Mr. Fre- 
mont, the candidate of the enemies of slavery, 
received 114 electoral votes. Mr. Buchanan 
received 174, and was elected. The popular 
vote stood 1,341,264 for Fremont, 1,838,160 
for Buchanan. On March 4, 1857, Mr. Bu- 
chanan was inaugurated. Mr. Buchanan was 
far advanced in life. Only four years were 
wanting to fill up his three score years and 
ten. His own friends — those with whom he 
had been allied in political principles a:nd 
action for years — were seeking the destruction 
of the government, that they might rear upon 
the ruins of our free institutions a nation 
whose comer stone should be human slavery. 
In this emergency, Mr. Buchanan was hope- 

lessly bewildered. He could not, with his 
long avowed principles, consistently oppose 
the state-rights party in their assumptions. 
As president of the United States, bound by 
his oath faithfully to administer the laws, he 
could not, without perjury of the grossest kind, 
unite with those endeavoring to overthrow the 
republic. He therefore did nothing. Mr. 
Buchanan's sympathy with the pro-slavery 
party was such, that he had been willing to 
offer them far more than they had ventured to 
claim. All the south had professed to ask of 
the north was non-interference with the sub- 
ject of slavery. Mr. Buchanan had been 
ready to offer them the active co-operation of 
the government to defend and extend the in- 
stitution. As the storm increased in violence, 
the slave holders claiming the right to secede, 
and Mr. Buchanan avowing that congress had 
no power to prevent it, one of the most piti- 
able exhibitions of governmental imbecility 
was exhibited the world has ever seen. He 
declared that congress had no power to enforce 
its laws in any state which had withdrawn, or 
which was attempting to withdraw from the 
Union. This was not the doctrine of Andrew 
Jackson, when, with his hand upon his sword 
hilt, he exclaimed: "The Union must and 
shall be preserved." 

South Carolina seceded in December, i860, 
nearly three months before the inauguration 
of Pres. Lincoln. Mr. Buchanan looked on in 
listless despair. The rebel flag was raised in 
Charleston; Fort Sumter was besieged; our 
forts, navy yards and arsenals were seized; 
our depots of military stores were plundered; 
and our custom houses and post offices were 
appropriated by the rebels. The energy of 
the rebels, and the imbecility of our executive, 
were alike marvelous. The nation looked on 
in agony, waiting for the slow weeks to glide 
away and close the administration, so terrible 
in its weakness. At length the long looked 



for hour of deliverance came, when Abraham 
Lincoln was to recefve the scepter. 

The administration of President Buchanan 
was certainly the most calamitous our country 
has experienced. His best friends cannot re- 
call it with pleasure. And still more deplor- 
able -it is for his fame, that in that dreadful 
conflict which rolled its billows of flame and 
blood over our whole land, no word came 
from his lips to indicate his wish that our 
country's banner should triumph over the flag 
of the rebellion. He died at his Wheatland 
retreat, June i, 1868. 

HBRAHAM LINCOLN, the sixteeeth 
president of the United States, was 
born in Hardin county, Ky., Febru- 
ary 12, 1809. About the year 1780, 
a man by the name of Abraham Lincoln left 
Virginia with his family 'and moved into the 
then wilds of Kentucky. Only two years after 
this emigration, still a young man, while work- 
ing one day in a field, he was stealthily ap- 
proached by an Indian and shot dead. His 
widow was left in extreme poverty with five 
little children, three boys and two girls, 
Thomas, the youngest of the boys, was four 
years of age at his father's death. This 
Thomas was the father of Abraham Lincoln, 
the president of the United States, whose 
name must henceforth forever be enrolled with 
the most prominent in the annals of our world. 
When twenty-eight years of age Thomas 
Lincoln built a log cabin of his own, and mar- 
ried Nancy Hanks, the daughter of another 
family of poor Kentucky emigrants, who had 
also come from Virginia. Their second child 
was Abraham Lincoln. The mother of Abra- 
ham was a noble woman, gentle, loving, pen- 
sive; created to adorn a palace, doomed to 
toil and pine, and die in a hovel. "All that I 

am, or hope to be," exclaims the grateful son, 
"I owe to my angel mother." 

When Abraham was eight years of age, his 
father sold his cabin and farm, and moved to 
Harrison county, Ind, where two years later 
his mother died. Abraham soon became the 
scribe of the uneducated community around 
him. He could not have had a better school 
than this to teach him to put thoughts into 
words. He also became an eager reader. The 
books he could obtain were few; but these he 
read and re-read until they were almost com- 
mitted to memory. As the years rolled on, 
the lot of this lowly family was the usual lot of 
humanity. There were joys and griefs, wed- 
dings and funerals. Abraham's sister, Sarah, 
to whom he was tenderly attached, was mar- 
ried when a child of but fourteen years of age, 
and soon died. The family was gradually 
scattered. Thomas Lincoln sold out his 
squatter's claim in 1830, and emigrated to 
Macon county, 111. Abraham Lincoln was 
then twenty-one years of age. With vigorous 
hands he aided his father in rearing another 
log cabin. Abraham worked diligently at this 
until he saw the family comfortably settled, 
and their small lot of inclosed prairie planted 
with corn, when he announced to his father 
his intention to leave home, and to go out into 
the world and seek his fortune. Little did he 
or his friends imagine how brilliant that 
fortune was to be. He saw the value of educa- 
tion and was intensely earnest to improve his 
mind to the utmost of his power. He saw the 
ruin which ardent spirits were causing, and 
became strictly temperate; refusing to allow a 
drop of intoxicating liquor to pass his lips. 
And he had read in God's word, ' 'Thou shalt 
not take the name of the Lord thy God in 
vain;" and a profane expression he was never 
heard to utter. Religion he revered. His 
morals were pure, and he was uncontaminated 
by a single vice. I 




Young Abraham worked for a time as a 
hired laborer among thfe farmers. Then he 
went to Springfield, where he was employed in 
building a large fiat-boat. In this he took a 
herd of swine, floated them down the Sanga- 
mon to the Illinois, and thence by the Missis- 
sippi to New Orleans. In this adventure his 
employers were so well pleased, that upon his 
return they placed a store and mill under his 
care. In 1832, at the outbreak of the Black 
Hawk war, he enlisted and was chosen captain 
of a company. He returned to Sangamon 
county, and although only twenty-three years 
of age, was a candidate for the legislature, but 
was defeated. He soon afterward received 
from Andrew Jackson the appointment of post- 
master of New Salem. His only postoffice 
was his hat. All the letters he received he 
carried there ready to deliver to those he 
chanced to meet. He studied surveying and 
soon made this his business. In 1834 he again 
became a candidate for the legislature, and 
was elected. Mr. Stuart, of Springfield, ad- 
vised him to study law. He walked from New 
Salem to Springfield, borrowed of Mr. Stuart 
a load of books, carried them back and began 
his legal studies. When the legislature assem- 
bled he trudged on foot with his pack on his 
back 100 miles to Vandalia, then the capital. 
In 1836 he was re-elected to the legislature. 
Here it was he first met Stephen A. Douglas. 
In 1839 he removed to Springfield and began 
the practice of law. His success with the jury 
was so great that he was soon engaged in al- 
most every noted case in the circuit. 

In 1854 the great discussion began between 
Mr. Lincoln and Mr. Douglas, on the slavery 
question. In the organization of the republi- 
can party in Illinois, in 1856, he took an active 
part, and at once became one of the leaders in 
that party. Mr. Lincoln's speeches in opposi- 
tion to Senator Douglas in the contest in 1858 
for a seat in the senate, form a most notable 

part of his history. The issue was on the 
slavery question, and he took the broad ground 
of the Declaration of Independence, that all 
men are created equal. Mr. Lincoln was de- 
feated in this -contest, but won a far higher 
prize — the presidency. 

The great republican convention met at 
Chicago on the i6th of June, i860. The del- 
egates and strangers who crowded the city 
amounted to 25,000. An immense building, 
called "The Wigwam," was reared to accom- 
modate the convention. There were eleven 
candidates for whom votes were cast. William 
H. Seward, a man whose fame as a statesman 
had long filled the land, was the most prom- 
inent. It was generally supposed he would be 
the nominee. Abraham Lincoln, however, 
received the nomination on the third ballot. 
Little did he then dream of the weary years of 
toil and care, and the bloody death, to which 
that nomination doomed him; and as little did 
he dream that he was to render services to his 
country which would fix upon him the eyes of 
the whole civilized world, and which would 
give him a place in the affections of his coun- 
trymen, second only, if second, to that of 

Election day came and Mr. Lincoln re- 
ceived I So electoral votes out of 203 cast, and 
was, therefore, constitutionally elected presi- 
dent of the United States. The tirade of 
abuse that was poured upon this good and 
merciful man, especially by the slaveholders, 
was greater than upon any other man ever 
elected to this high position. In February, 
1 86 1, Mr. Lincoln started for Washington, 
stopping in all the large cities on his way, 
making- speeches. The whole journey was 
fraught with much danger. Many of the 
southern states had already seceded, and sev- 
eral attempts at assassination were afterward 
brought to light. A gang in Baltimore had 
arranged, upon his arrival, to " get up a row," 


and in the confusion to make sure of his death 
with revolvers and hand grenades. A detect- 
ive unraveled the plot. A secret and special 
train was provided to take him from Harris- 
burg, through Baltimore, at an unexpected 
hour of the night. The train started at half- 
past ten; and to prevent any possible com- 
munication on the part of the secessionists 
with their confederate gang in Baltimore, as 
soon as the train had started the telegraph 
wires were cut. Mr. Lincoln reached Wash- 
ington in' safety and was inaugurated, although 
great anxiety was felt by all loyal people. 

In the selection of his cabinet Mr. Lincoln 
gave to Mr. Seward the department of state, 
and to other prominent opponents before the 
convention he gave important positions. 

During no other administration have the 
duties devolving upon the president been so 
manifold, and the responsibilities so great, as 
those which fell to the lot of President Lincoln. 
Knowing this, and feeling his own weakness 
and inability to meet, and in his own strength 
to cope with the difficulties, he early learned 
to seek Divine wisdom and guidance in deter- 
mining his plans, and Divine comfort in all his 
trials, both personal and national. Contrary 
to his own estimate of himself, Mr. Lincoln 
was one of the most courageous of men. He 
went directly into the rebel capital just as the 
retreating foe was leaving, with no guard but 
a few sailors. From the time he had left 
Springfield, in 1861, however, plans had been 
made for his assassination, and he at last fell 
a victim to one of them. April 14, 1865, he, 
with General Grant, was urgently invited to 
attend Ford's theater. It was announced that 
they would be present. Gen. Grant, however, 
left the city. Pres. Lincoln, feeling, with his 
characteristic kindliness of heart, that it would 
be a disappointment if he should fail them, 
very reluctantly consented to go. While 
listening to the play an actor by the name of 

John Wilkes Booth entered the box where the 
president and family were seated, and fired a 
bullet into his brains. He died the next morn- 
ing at seven o'clock, and now, if never before, 
the nation was plunged into the deepest 
mourning, and truly mourned the "country's 

HNDREW JOHNSON, the seventeenth 
president of the United States, was 
born December 29, 1808, in Raleigh, 
N. C. When Andrew was five years 
of age, his father accidentally lost his life 
while heroically endeavoring to save a friend 
from drowning. Until ten years of age, An- 
drew was a ragged boy about the streets, sup- 
ported by the labor of his mother, who ob- 
tained her living with her own hands. He 
then, having never attended a school one day, 
and being unable either to read or write, was 
apprenticed to a tailor in his native town. A 
gentleman was in the habit of going to the 
tailor's shgp occasionally and reading to the 
boys at work there. He often read from the 
speeches of distinguished British statesmen. 
Andrew, who was endowed with a mind of 
more than ordinary native ability, became 
much interested in these speeches; his ambi- 
tion was roused, and he was inspired with a 
strong desire to learn to read. He according- 
ly applied himself to the alphabet, and, with 
the assistance of some of his fellow-workmen, 
learned his letters. He then called upon the 
gentleman to borrow the book of speeches. 
The owner, pleased with his zeal, not only 
gave him the book, but assisted him in learn- 
ing to combine the letters into words. Under 
such difficulties he pressed onward laboriously, 
spending usually ten or twelve hours at work 
in the shop, and then robbing himself of rest 
and recreation to devote such time as he could 
to reading. 




He went to Tennessee in 1826 and located 
at Greenville, where he married a young lady 
who possessed some education. Under her 
instructions he learned to write and cipher. 
He became prominent in the village debating 
society, and a favorite with the students of 
Greenville college. In 1828 he organized a 
workingman's party, which elected him alder- 
man, and in 1830 elected him mayor, which 
position he held three years. He now began 
to take a lively interest in political affairs, 
identifying himgelf with the working classes to 
which he belonged. In 1835 he was elected 
a member of the house of representatives of 
Tennessee. He was then just twenty-seven 
years of age. He became a very active mem- 
ber of the legislature, gave his adhesion to the 
democratic party, and in 1840 "stumped the 
state," advocating Martin Van Buren's claims 
to the presidency in opposition to those of 
Gen. Harrison. In this campaign he ac- 
quired much readiness as a speaker, and e.x- 
tended and increased his reputation. 

In 1841 he was elected state senator; in 
1843 he was elected a member of congress, 
and by successive elections held that important 
post for ten years. In 1853 he was elected 
governor of Tennessee, and was re-elected in 
1855. In all these responsible positions he 
discharged his duties with distinguished ability 
and proved himself the friend of the working 
classes. In 1857 Mr. Johnson was elected a 
United States senator. 

Years before, in 1845, he had warmly ad- 
vocated the annexation of Texas, stating 
however, as his reason, that he thought 
this annexation would probably prove "to be 
the gateway out of which the sable sons of Africa 
are to pass from bondage to freedom, and be- 
come merged in a population congenial to 
themselves." In 1850 he also supported the 
compromise measures, the two essential fea- 

tures of which were, that the white people 
of the territories should be permitted to de- 
cide for themselves whether they would en- 
slave the colored people or not, and that the 
free states of the north should return to the 
south persons who attempted to escape from 

Mr. Johnson was never ashamed of his 
lowly origin; on the contrary he often took 
pride in avowing that he owed his distinction 
to his own exertions. "Sir," said he on the 
floor of the senate, "I do not forget that I 
am a mechanic; neither do I forget that Adam 
was a tailor and sewed fig leaves, and that our 
Savior was the son of a carpenter." 

In the Charleston-Baltimore convention of 
i860, he was the choice of the Tennessee 
democrats for the presidency. In 1 86 1, when 
the purpose of the southern democracy became 
apparent, he took a decided stand in favor of 
the Union, and held "slaverv" must be held 
subordinate to the Union at whatever cost." 
He returned to Tennessee, and repeatedly im- 
periled his own life to protect the Unionists of 
Tennessee. Tennessee having seceded from 
the Union, President Lincoln, on March 4, 
1862, appointed him military governor of the 
state, and he established the most stringent 
military rule. His numerous proclamations 
attracted wide attention. In 1 864 he was 
elected vice president of the United States, and 
upon the death of Mr. Lincoln, April 15, 1865, 
became president. In a speech two days later 
he said: "The American people must be 
taught, if they do not already feel, that trea- 
son is a crime and must be punished; that the 
government will not always bear with its ene- 
mies; that it is strong not only to protect, but 
to punish. * * The people must under- 
stand that it (treason) is the blackest of crimes 
and will surely be punished." Yet his whole 
administration, the history of which is so well 



known, was in utter inconsistency with, and 
the most violent opposition to, the principles 
laid down in that speech. 

In his loose policy of reconstruction and 
general amnesty he was opposed by congress; 
and he characterized congress as a new rebel- 
lion, and lawlessly defied it in everything pos- 
sible to the utmost. In the beginning of 1868, 
on account of "high crimes and misdemean- 
ors," the principal of which was the removal 
of Secretary Stanton, in violation of the Ten- 
ure of Office act, articles of impeachment 
were preferred against him, and the trial began 
March 23. 

It was very tedious, continuing for nearly 
three months. A test article of the impeach- 
ment was at length submitted to the court for 
its action. It was certain that as the court 
voted upon that article, so would it vote upon 
all. Thirty-four voices pronounced the presi- 
dent guilty. As a two-thirds vote was neces- 
sary to his condemnationT he was pronounced 
acquitted, notwithstanding the great majority 
against him. The change of one vote from 
the not guilty side would have sustained the 

The president for the remainder of his 
term was but little regarded. He continued, 
though impotently, his conflict with congress. 
His own party did not think it expedient to 
renominate him for the presidency. The bul- 
let of the assassin introduced him to the presi- 
dent's chair. Notwithstanding this, never 
was there presented to a man a better oppor- 
tunity to immortalize his name and win the 
gratitude of a nation. He failed utterly. He 
retired to his home in Greenville, Tenn., tak- 
ing no very active part in politics until- 1875. 
On January 26, after an exciting struggle, he 
was chosed by the legislature of Tennessee 
United States senator in the forty-fourth con- 
gress; and took his seat in that body at the 
special session convened by President Grant 

on the 5th of March. On the 27th of July, 
1875, the ex-president made a visit to his 
daughter's home, near Carter Station, Tenn. 
When he started on his journey he was appar- 
ently in his usual vigorous health, but on 
reaching the residence of his child the follow- 
ing day was stricken with paralysis, rendering 
him unconscious. He rallied occasionally, but 
finally passed away at 2 a. m., July 31, aged 
sixty-seven years. He was buried at Green- 
ville, on the 3d of August, 1875. 

aLYSSES S. GRANT, the eighteenth 
president of the United States, was 
born on the 29th of April, 1S22, of 
christian parents, in a humble home, 
at Point Pleasant, Va. , on the banks of the Ohio. 
Shortly after his father moved to Georgetown, 
Brown county, Ohio. In this remote-frontier 
hamlet, Ulysses received a common school 
education. At the age of seventeen, in the 
year 1839, he entered the Military academy at 
West Point. Here he was regarded as a solid, 
sensible young man of fair abilities, and of 
sturdy, honest character. He took respect- 
able rank as a scholar. In June, 1S43. he 
graduated, about the middle in his class, and 
was sent as lieutenant of infantry to one of 
the distant military posts in the Missouri terri- 
tory. Two years he passed in these dreary 
solitudes, watching the vagabond and exasper- 
ating Indians. 

The war with Mexico came. Lieut. Grant 
was sent with his regiment to Corpus Christi. 
His first battle was at Palo Alto. There was 
no chance here for the exhibition of either 
skill or heroism, nor at Resaca de la Palma, 
his second battle. At the battle of Monterev, 
his third engagement, it is said that he per- 
formed a signal service of daring and skillful 
horsemanship. His brigade had exhausted its 
ammunition. A messenger must btj sent for 




more, along a route exposed to the bullets of 
the foe. Lieut. Grants adopting an expedient 
learned of the Indians, grasped the mane of 
his horse, and hanging upon one side of the 
animal, ran the gauntlet in entire safety. 
From Monterey he was sent, with the Fourth 
infantry, to aid Gen. Scott, at the siege of 
Vera Cruz. In preparation for the march to 
the city of Mexico, he was appointed quarter- 
master of his regiment. At the battle of 
Molino del Rey, he was promoted to a first 
lieutenancy, and was brevetted captain at 

At the close of the Mexican war, Capt. 
Grant returned with his regiment to New 
York, and was again sent to one of the mili- 
tary posts on the frontier. The discovery of 
gold in California causing an immense tide of 
emigration to flow to the Pacific shores, Capt. 
Grant was sent, with a battalion, to Fort 
Dallas, in Oregon, for the protection of the 
interests of the emigrants. - Life was weari- 
some in those wilds. Capt. Grant resigned 
his commission and returned to the states; 
and having married, entered upon the cultiva- 
tion of a small farm near St. Louis, Mo. He 
had but little skill as a farmer. Finding his toil 
not remunerative, he turned to mercantile 
life, entering into the leather business, with a 
younger brother at Galena, 111. This was in 
the year 1 860. As the tidings of the rebels 
firing on Fort Sumter reached the ears of 
Capt. Grant in his counting room, he said — 
"Uncle Sam has educated me for the army ; 
though I have ser\'ed him through one war, I 
do not feel that I have yet repaid the debt. 
I am still ready to discharge my obligations. I 
shall therefore buckle on my sword and, see 
Uncle Sam through this war, too. " 

He went into the streets, raised a company 
of volunteers, and led them, as their captain, 
to Springfield, the capital of the state, where 
their services were offered to Gov. Yates. The 

governor, impressed by the zeal and straight- 
forward executive ability of Capt. Grant, gave 
him a desk in his office, to assist in the volun- 
teer organization that was being formed in the 
state in behalf of the government. On the 
15th of June, 1861, Capt. Grant received a 
commission as colonel of the Twenty-first 
regiment of Illinois volunteers. His merits as 
a West Point graduate, who had served for 
fifteen years in the regular army, were such 
that he was soon promoted to the rank of 
brigadier general and was placed in command 
at Cairo. The rebels raised their flag at Pa- 
ducah, near the mouth of the Tennessee river. 
Scarcely had its folds appeared ere Gen. Grant 
was there. The rebels fled. Their banner 
fell, and the stars and stripes were unfurled in 
its stead. 

At Belmont, a few days later, he sur- 
prised and routed the rebels, then at Fort 
Henry won another victory. Then came the 
brilliant fight at Fort Donelson. The nation 
was electrified by the victory, and the brave 
leader of the boys in blue was immediately 
made a major general, and the military district 
of Tennessee was assigned to him. 

Like all great captains, Gen. Grant knew 
well how to secure the results of a victory. He 
immediately pushed on to the enemy's lines. 
Then came the terrible battles of Pittsburg 
Landing, Corinth, and the siege of Vicksburg, 
where Gen. Pemberton made an unconditional 
surrender of the city with over 30,000 men 
and 172 cannon. The fall of Vicksburg was 
by far the most severe blow which the rebels 
had thus far encountered, and opened up the 
Mississippi from Carlo to the gulf. 

Gen. Grant was next ordered to co-operate 
with Gen. Banks in a movement upon Texas, 
and proceeded to New Orleans, where he was 
thrown from his horse and received severe in- 
juries, from which he was laid up for months. 
He then rushed to the aid of Gens. Rosecrans 


and Thomas at Chattanooga, and by a won- 
derful series of strategtic and technical measures 
put the Union army in fighting condition. 
Then followed the bloody battles of Chatta- 
nooga, Lookout Mountain and Missionary 
Ridge, in which the rebels were routed with 
great loss. This won for him unbounded 
praise in the north. On the 4th of February, 
1864, congress revived the grade of lieutenant 
general, and the rank was conferred on Gen. 
Grant. He repaired to Washington to receive 
his credentials and enter upon the duties of his 
new office. 

Gen. Grant decided as soon as he took 
charge of the army to concentrate the widely 
dispersed national troops for an attack on 
Richmond, the nominal capital of the rebel- 
lion, and endeavor there to destroy the rebel 
armies which would be promptly assembled 
from all quarters for its defense. The whole 
continent seemed to tremble under the tramp 
of these majestic armies, rushing to the deci- 
sive battle-field. Steamers were crowded with 
troops; railway trains were burdened with 
closely packed thousands. His plans were 
comprehensive and involved a series of cam- 
paigns, which were executed with remarkable 
energy and ability, and were consummated at 
the surrender of Lee, April 9, 1865. 

The war was ended The Union was saved. 
The almost unanimous voice of the nation de- 
clared Gen. Grant to be the most prominent 
instrument in its salvation. The eminent 
services he had thus rendered the country 
brought him conspicuously forward as the re- 
publican candidate for the presidential chair. 
At the republican convention held at Chicago, 
May 21, 1868, he was unanimously nominated 
for the presidency, and at the autumn elec- 
tion received a majority of the popular 
vote, and 214 out of 294 electoral votes. The 
national convention of the republican party 
which met at Philadelphia on the 5th of June, 

1872, placed Gen. Grant in nomination for a 
second term by a unanimous vote. The selec- 
tion was emphatically endorsed by the people 
five months later, 292 electoral votes being 
cast for him. 

Soon after the close of his second term. 
Gen. Grant started upon his famous trip 
around the world. He visited almost every 
country of the civilized world, and was every- 
where received with such ovations and demon- 
strations of respect and honor, private, as well 
as public and official, as were never before 
bestowed upon any citizen of the United States. 

He was the most prominent candidate 
before the republican national convention in 
1 880 for a renomination for president. But he 
went to New York and embarked in the 
brokerage business under the firm name of 
Grant & Ward. The latter proved a villain, 
wrecked Grant's fortune, and for larceny was 
sent to the penitentiary. The general was 
attacked with cancer in the throat, but suffered 
in his stoic-like manner, never complaining. 
He was re-instated general of the army and 
retired by congress. The cancer soon finished 
its deadly work, and July 23, 1885, the nation 
went in mourning over the death of the illus- 
trious general. 

fiUTHERFORD B. HAYES, the nine- 
teenth president of the United States, 
was born in Delaware, Ohio, October 
4, 1852, almost three months after 
the death of his father, Rutherford Hayes. 
His ancestry, an both the paternal and mater- 
nal sides, was of the most honorable character. 
It can be traced, it is said, as far back as 
1280, when Hayes and Rutherford were two 
Scottish chieftains, fighting side by side with 
Baliol, William Wallace and Robert Bruce. 
Both families belonged to the nobility, owned 
extensive estates, and had a large following. 



Misfortune overtaking the family, George 
Hayes left Scotland in 1680, and settled in 
Windsor, Conn. His son George was born 
in Windsor, and remained there during his 
life. Daniel Hayes, son of the latter, married 
Sarah Lee, and lived from the time of his 
marriage until his death in Simsbury, Conn. 
Ezekiel, son of Daniel, was born in 1724, and 
was a manufacturer of scythes at Bradford, 
Conn. Rutherford Hayes, son of Ezekiel and 
grandfather of President Hayes, was born in 
New Haven, in August, 1756. He was a 
farmer, blacksmith and tavern-keeper. He 
emigrated to Vermont at an unknown date, 
settling in Brattleboro, where he established a 
hotel. Here his son, Rutherford Hayes, the 
father of President Hayes, was born. He was 
married, in September, 181 3, to Sophia Bir- 
chard, of Wilmington, Vt., whose ancestors 
emigrated thither from Connecticut, they hav- 
ing been among the wealthiest and best fami- 
lies of Norwich. Her ancestry on the male 
side are traced back to 1635, to John Bir- 
chard, one of the principal founders of Nor- 
wich. Both of her grandfathers were soldiers 
in the Revolutionary war. 

The father of President Hayes was an in- 
dustrious, frugal and open-hearted man. He 
was of a mechanical turn, and could mend a 
plow, knit a stocking, or do almost any- 
thing else that he chose to undertake. He 
was a member of the church, active in all the 
benevolent enterprises of the town, and con- 
ducted his business on christian principles. 
After the close of the war of 181 2, for reasons 
inexplicable to his neighbors, he resolved to 
emigrate to Ohio. 

The journey from Vermont to Ohio in that 
day, when there were no canals, steamers, nor 
railways, was a very serious affair. A tour of 
inspection was first made, occupying four 
months. Mr. Hayes determined to move to 
Delaware, where the family arrived in 1817. 

He died July 22, 1822, a victim of malarial 
fever, less than three months before the birth 
of the son, of whom we now write. Mrs. 
Hayes, in her sore bereavement, found the 
support she so much needed in her brother 
Sardis, who had been a member of the house- 
hold from the day of its departure from Ver- 
mont, and in an orphan girl whom she had 
adopted some time before as an act of charity. 

Mrs. Hayes at this period was very weak, 
and the subject of this sketch was so feeble at 
birth that he was not expected to live beyond 
a month or two at most. As the months went 
by he grew weaker and weaker, so that the 
neighbors were in the habit of inquiring from 
time to time "if Mrs. Hayes' baby died last 
night." On one occasion a neighbor, who 
was on familiar terms with the family, after 
alluding to the boy's big head, and the moth- 
er's assiduous care of him, said in a bantering 
way, "That's right! Stick to him. You have 
got him along so far, and I shouldn't wonder 
if he would really come to something yet." 

"You need not laugh," said Mrs. Hayes. 
"You wait and see. You can't tell but I 
shall make him president of the United States 
yet." The boy lived in spite of the universal 
predictions of his speedy death; and when, in 
1825, his older brother was drowned, he be- 
came, if possible, still dearer to his mother. 

The boy was seven years old before he 
went to school. His education, however, was 
not neglected. He probably learned as much 
from his mother and sister as he would have 
done at school. His sports were almost wholly 
within doors, his playmates being his sister 
and her associates. His uncle Sardis Birchard 
took the deepest interest in his education; and 
as the boy's health had improved, and he was 
making good progress in his studies, he pro- 
posed to send him to college. His preparation 
commenced with a tutor at home; but he was 
afterward sent for one year to a professor in 



the Wesleyan university, in Middletown, Conn. 
He entered Kenyon college in 1838, at the' 
age of sixteen, and was graduated at the head 
of his class in 1842. 

Immediately after his graduation he began 
the study of law in the office of Thomas Spar- 
row, Esq. , in Columbus. Finding his oppor- 
tunities for study in Columbus somewhat 
limited, he determined to enter the law school 
at Cambridge, Mass., where he remained two 
years. In 1845, after graduating at the law 
school, he was admitted to the bar at Marietta, 
Ohio, and shortly afterward went into practice 
as an attorney-at-law with Ralph P. Buck- 
land, of Fremont. Here he remained three 
years, acquiring but a limited practice, and 
apparently unambitious of distinction in his 

In 1 849 he moved to Cincinnati, where his 
ambition found a new stimulus. Two events, 
occurring at this period, had a powerful influ- 
ence upon his subsequent life. One of these 
was his marriage with Miss Lucy Ware Webb, 
daughter of Dr. James Webb, of Chillicothe; 
the other was his introduction to the Cincin- 
nati Literary club, a body embracing among 
its members such men as Chief Justice Salmon 
P. Chase, Gen. John Pope, Gov. Edward F. 
Noyes, and many others hardly less distin- 
guished in after life. The marriage was a 
fortunate one in every respect, as everybody 
knows. Not one of all the wives of our presi- 
dents was more universally admired, rever- 
enced and beloved than was Mrs. Hayes, and 
no one did more than she to reflect honor 
upon American womanhood. The Literary 
club brought Mr. Hayes into constant associa- 
tion with young m.en of high character and 
noble aims, and lured him to display the 
qualities so long hidden by his bashfulness and 
extreme modesty. 

In 1856 he was nominated to the office of 
judge of the court of common pleas; but he 

declined to accept the nomination. Two 
years later, the office of city solicitor becoming 
vacant, the city council elected him for the un- 
expired term. 

In 1 86 1, when the rebellion broke out, he 
was at the zenith of his professional life. His 
rank at the bar was among the first. But the 
news of the attack on Fort Sumter found him 
eager to take up arms for the defense of his 
beloved country. 

■ His military record was bright and illus- 
trious. In October, 1861, he was made 
lieutenant-colonel, and August, 1862, promoted 
colonel of the Seventy-ninth Ohio regiment, 
but he refused to leave his old comrades and 
go among strangers. Subsequently, however, 
he was made colonel of his old regiment. At 
the battle of South Mountain he received a 
wound, and while faint and bleeding displayed 
courage and fortitude that won admiration 
from all. 

Col. Hayes was detached from his regiment, 
after his recovery, to act as brigadier-general, 
and placed in command of the celebrated Kana- 
wha division, and for gallant and meritorious 
services in the battles of Winchester, Fisher's 
Hill and Cedar Creek, he was promoted briga- 
dier-general. He was also brevetted major- 
general "for gallant and distinguished services 
during the campaigns of 1864 in West Vir- 
ginia." In the course of his arduous services 
four horses were shot from under him, and he 
was wounded four times. 

In 1864, Gen. Hayes was elected to con- 
gress, from the Second Ohio district, which 
had long been democratic. He was not pres- 
ent during the campaign, and after his election 
was importuned to resign his commission in 
the army; but he finally declared: " I shall 
never come to Washington until I can come by 
the way of Richmond." He was re-elected 
in 1866. 

In 1S67, Gen. Hayes was elected governor 


"" ^ 










of Ohio over Hon. Allen G. Thurman, a popu- 
lar democrat. In 1S69 was re-elected over 
George H. Pendleton, He was elected gov- 
ernor for the third term in 1S75. 

In 1876 he was the standard-bearer of the 
republican party in the presidential contest, 
and, after a hard, long contest, was chosen 
president, and was inaugurated Monday, March 
5. 1875- 

He served one full term of four years, then 
retired to his peaceful home, where he expired 
January 17, 1893. 

>VAMES a. GARFIELD, twentieth pres- 
J ident of the United States, was born 
« 1 November 19, 1S31, in the woods of 
Orange, Cuyahoga county, Ohio. His 
parents were Abram and Eliza (Ballou) Gar- 
field, both of New England ancestry, and from 
families well known in the early history of that 
section of our country, but had moved to the 
Western Reserve, in Ohio, early in its settle- 

The house in which James A, was born 
was about 20x30 feet, built of logs, with the 
spaces between the logs tilled with clay. His 
father was a hard-working farmer, and he soon 
had his fields cleared, an orchard planted, and 
a log barn built. The household comprised 
the father and mother and their four children — 
Mehetabel, Thomas, Mar}" and James, In 
May, 1823, the father, from a cold contracted 
in helping to put out a forest fire, died. At 
this time James was about eighteen months 
old, and Thomas about ten years old. He 
now lives in Michigan, and the two sisters live 
in Solon, Ohio, near their birth-place. 

The early educational advantages young 
Garfield enjoyed were very limited, yet he 
made the most of them. He labored at farm 
work for others, did carpenter work, chopped 

wood, or did anything that would bring in a 
few dollars. Nor was Gen, Garfield ever 
ashamed of his origin, and he never forgot the 
friends of his struggling childhood, youth and 
manhood, neither did they ever forget him. 
When in the highest seats of honor, the 
humblest friend of his boyhood was as kindly 
greeted as ever. 

The highest ambition of young Garfield 
until he was about sixteen years old was to hz 
a captain of a vessel on Lake Erie. He was 
anxious to go aboard a vessel, which his 
mother strongly opposed. She finally con- 
sented to his going to Cleveland, with the 
understanding, however, that he should try to 
obtain some other kind of employment. He 
walked all the way to Cleveland. After 
making many applications for work, and try- 
ing to get aboard a lake vessel, and not meet- 
ing with success, he engaged as a driver for his 
cousin, Amos Letcher, on the Ohio & Penn- 
sylvania canal. He remained at this work 
but a short time when he went home, and 
attended the seminary at Chester for about 
three years, when he entered Hiram and the 
Eclectic institute, teaching a few terms of 
school in the meantime, and doing other work. 
This school was started by the Disciples of 
Christ in 1850, of which church he was then 
a member. He became janitor and bell-ringer 
in order to help pay his way. He then be- 
came both teacher and pupil. In the fall of 
1S54, he entered Williams college, from which 
he graduated in 1856, taking one of the high- 
est honors of his class. He afterward re- 
turned to Hiram college as its president, Dr, 
Noah Porter, president of Yale college, says of 
him in reference to his religion: 

"President Garfield was more than a man 
of strong moral and religious convictions. His 
whole history, from boyhood to the last, 
shows that duty to man and to God, and de- 
votion to Christ and life and faith and spiritual 



commission were controlling springs of his 
being, and to a more than usual degree. " 

Mr. Garfield was united in marriage with 
Miss Lucretia Rudolph, November ii, 1858, 
who proved herself worthy as the wife of one 
whom all the world loved and mourned. To 
them were born seven children, five of whom 
are still living, four boys and one girl. 

Mr. Garfield made his first political 
speeches in 1856, in Hiram and the neighbor- 
ing villages, and three years later he began to 
speak at county mass meetings, and became 
the favorite speaker wherever he was. Dur- 
ing this year he was elected to the Ohio 
senate. He also began to study law at Cleve- 
land, and in 1861 was admitted to the bar. 
The great rebellion broke out in the early part 
of this year, and Mr. Garfield at once resolved 
to fight as he had talked, and enlisted to de- 
fend the old flag. He received his commission 
as lieutenant-colonel of the Forty-second reg- 
iment of Ohio volunteer infantry, August 14, 
1861. He was immediately put into active 
service, and before he had ever seen a gun 
fired in action, was placed in command of four 
regiments of infantry and eight companies of 
cavalry, charged with the work of driving out 
of his native state the officer (Humphrey Mar- 
shall) reputed to be the ablest of those, not 
educated to war, whom Kentucky had given to 
the rebellion. This work was bravely and 
speedily accomplished, although against great 
odds. President Lincoln, on his success, com- 
missioned him brigadier general, January 10, 
1862; and as "he had been the youngest man 
in the Ohio senate two years before, so now 
he was the youngest general in the army. " 
He was with Gen. Buell's army at Shiloh, in 
its operations around Corinth and its march 
through Alabama. He was then detailed as a 
member of the general court-martial for the 
trial of Fitz-John Porter. He was then or- 
dered to report to Gen. Rosecrans, and was 

assigned to the chief of stafi. The military 
history of Gen. Garfield closed with his brill- 
iant services at Chickamauga, where he won 
the stars of the major-general. 

Without an effort on his part Gen. Garfield 
was elected to congress in the fall of 1862 
from the Nineteenth district of Ohio. This 
section of Ohio had been represented in con- 
gress for sLxty years mainly by two men — 
Elisha Whittlesey and Joshua R. Giddings. It 
was not without a struggle that he resigned 
his place in the army. At the time he entered 
congress he was the youngest member in that 
body. Here he remained by successive re- 
elections until he was elected president in 1880. 
Of his labors in congress Senator Hoar says: 
"Since the year 1864 you cannot think of a 
question which has been debated in congress, 
or discussed before a tribunal of the American 
people, in regard to which you will not find, 
if you wish instruction, the argument on one 
side stated, in almost everj' instance, better 
than by anybody else, in some speech made in 
the house of representatives or on the hustings 
by Mr. Garfield." 

Upon January 14, 1880, Gen. Garfield was 
elected to the United States senate, and on 
the 8th of June, of the same year, was nom- 
inated as the candidate of his party for presi- 
dent at the great Chicago convention. He was 
elected in the following November, and on 
March 4, 1881, was inaugurated. Probably 
no administration ever opened its existence 
under brighter auspices than that of President 
Garfield, and every day it grew in favor with 
the people, and by the first of July he had 
completed all the initiatory and preliminary 
work of his administration and was preparing 
to leave the city to meet his friends at Will- 
iams college. While on his way and at the 
depot, in company with Secretary Blaine, a 
man stepped behind him, drew a revolver, and 
fired directly at his back. The president 



tottered and fell, and as he did so the assassin 
fired a second shot, the bullet cutting the left 
coat sleeve of his victim, but inflicting no 
further injury. For eighty days all during 
the hot months of July and August, he lingered 
and suffered. He, however, remained master 
of himself till the last, and by his magnificent 
bearing was teaching the country and the 
world the noblest of human lessons — how to 
live grandly in the very clutch of death. He 
passed serenely away September 19, 1881, at 
Elberon, N. J., on the seashore, where he had 
been taken shortly previous. The murderer 
was tried, found guilty and executed, in one 
year after he committed the foul deed. 

a HESTER A. ARTHUR, twenty-first 
president of the United States, was 
born in Franklin county, Vermont, 
on the fifth of October, 1830, and is 
the eldest of a family of 'two sons and five 
daughters. His father was the Rev. Dr. 
William Arthur, a Baptist clergyman, who 
emigrated to this country from the county 
Antrim, Ireland, in his eighteenth year, and 
died in 1S75, in Newtonville, near Albany, N. 
Y., after a long and successful ministry. 

Young Arthur was educated at Union'col- 
lege, Schenectady, N. Y. , where he excelled 
in all his studies. After his graduation, he 
taught school in Vermont for two years, and 
at the expiration of that time went to New 
York, with $500 in his pocket, and entered 
the office of ex-Judge E. D. Culver, as student. 
After being admited to the bar he formed a 
partnership with his intimate friend and room- 
mate, Henry D. Gardiner, with the intention 
of practicing in the west, and for three months 
they roamed about in the western states in 
search of an eligible site, but in the end re- 
turned to New York, where they entered upon 
a successful career almost from the start. 

Gen. Arthur soon afterward married the daugh- 
ter of Lieut. Hemdon, of the United States 
navy, who was los't at sea. Congress voted a 
gold medal to his widow in recognition of the 
bravery he displayed on that occasion. Mrs. 
Arthur died shortly before Mr. Arthur's nomi- 
nation to the vice presidency, leaving two 

Gen. Arthur obtained considerable legal 
celebrity in his first great case, the famous 
Lemmon suit, brought to recover possession of 
eight slaves who had been declared free by 
Judge Paine, of the superior court of New 
York city. It was in 1852 that Jonathan 
Lemmon, of Virginia, went to New York with 
his slaves, intending to ship them to Texas, 
when they were discovered and freed. The 
judge decided that they could not be held by 
the owner under the Fugitive Slave law. A 
howl of rage went up from the south, and the 
Virginia legislature authorized the attorney 
general of that state to assist in an appeal. 
William M. Evarts and Chester A. Arthur 
were employed to represent the people, and 
they won their case, which then went to the 
supreme court of the United States. Charles 
O'Conor here espoused the cause of the slave- 
holders, but he too, was beaten by Messrs. 
Evarts and .Arthur, and a long step was taken 
toward the emanicipation of the black race. 

Another great service was rendered by 
Gen. Arthur in the same cause in 1856. Liz- 
zie Jennings, a respectable colored woman, 
was put off a Fourth avenue car with violence 
after she had paid her fare. Gen. Arthur sued 
on her behalf, and secured a verdict of $500 
damages. The next day the company issued 
an order to admit colored persons to ride on 
their cars, and the other car companies quickly 
followed their example. Before that the Sixth 
avenue company ran a few special cars for col- 
ored persons and the other lines refused to let 
them ride at all. 



Gen. Arthur was a delegate to the conven-' 
tion at Saratoga that founded the republican 
party. Previous to the war he was judge-ad- 
vocate of the Second brigade of the state of 
New York, and Governor Morgan, of that 
state, appointed him engineer-in-chief of his 
staff. In 1861, he was made inspector gen- 
eral, and soon afterward became quartermas- 
ter general. In each of these offices he ren- 
dered great service to the government during 
the war. At the end of Gov. Morgan's term 
he resumed the practice of the law, forming a 
partnership with Mr. Ransom, and then Mr. 
Phelps, the district attorney of New York, 
was added to the firm. The legal practice of 
this well known firm was very large and lucra- 
tive; each of the gentlemen composing it was 
an able lawyer, and possessed a splendid local 
reputation, if not indeed one of national 

Arthur was appointed c«llector of the port 
of New York by President Grant, November 
21, 1872, to succeed Thomas Murphy, and 
held the office until July 20, 1878, when he 
was succeeded by Collector Merritt. Mr. 
Arthur was nominated on the presidential 
ticket, with Gen. James A. Garfield, at the 
famous national republican convention held at 
Chicago in June, 1880. This was perhaps the 
greatest political convention that ever assem- 
bled on the continent. It was composed of 
the leading politicians of the republican party, 
all able men, and all stood firm and fought 
vigorously and with signal tenacity for their 
respective candidates that were before the con- 
vention for the nomination. Finally Gen. 
Garfield received the nomination for president 
and Gen. Arthur for vice president. The cam- 
paign which followed was one of the most 
animated known in the history of our country. 
Gen. Hancock, the standard-bearer of the 
democratic party, was a popular man, and his 
party made a valiant fight for his election. 

Finally the election came and the country's 
choice was Garfield and Arthur. They were 
inaugurated March 4, 1881, as president and 
vice-president. A few months only had passed 
ere the newly chosen president was the 
victim of the assassin's bullet. The remarka- 
ble patience that Garfield manifested during 
those hours and weeks, and even months, of 
the most terrible suffering man has often been 
called upon to endure, was seemingly more 
than human. It was certainly God-like. 
During all this period of deepest anxiety Mr. 
Arthur's every move was watched, and be it 
said to his credit, that his every action dis- 
played only an earnest desire that the suffer- 
ing Garfield might recover, to serve the re- 
mainder of the term he had so auspiciously 
begun. Not a selfish feeling was manifested 
in deed or look of this man, even though the 
most honored position in the world was at any 
moment likely to fall to him. 

At last God in his mercy relieved President 
Garfield from further suffering. Then it be- 
came the duty of the vice president to assume 
the responsibilities of the high office, and he 
took the oath in New York, September 20, 
18S1. The position was an embarrassing one 
to him, made doubly so from the facts that all 
eyes were on him, anxious to know what he 
would do, what policy he would pursue, and 
whom he would select as advisers. The duties 
of the office had been greatly neglected during 
the president's long illness, and many import- 
ant measures were to be immediately decided 
by him; and still farther to embarrass him he 
did not fail to realize under what circumstances 
he became president, and knew the feelings of 
many on this point. Under these trying cir- 
cumstances President Arthur took the reins of 
the government in his own hands; and as em- 
barrassing as was the condition of afiairs, he 
happily surprised, the nation, actign so wisely 
that but few criticised his administration. He 




served until the close of his administration, - 
March 4, 1885, and was a popular candidate 
before his party for a second term. His name 
was ably presented before the convention at 
Chicago, and was received with great favor, 
and doubtless but for the personal popularity 
of one of the opposing candidates, he would 
have been selected as the standard-bearer of 
his party for another campaign. He retired 
to private life carrying with him the best 
wishes of the American people, whom he had 
served in a manner satisfactory to them and 
with credit to himself. Although not a man 
of the transcendent ability possessed by the 
lamented Garfield, Mr. Arthur was able for 
the emergency he was so unexpectedly called 
to fill, and was a worthy successor to his chief. 

*^^^ the twenty-second and twenty-fourth 

K^_^ president of the United States, was 
born in 1S37, in the town of Cald- 
well, Essex county, N. J., and in a Httle two- 
and-a-half story white house which is still 
standing, characteristically to mark the hum- 
ble birth-place of one of America's great men 
in striking contrast with the old world, where 
all men high in office must be high in origin, 
and born in the cradle of wealth. When three 
years of age, his father, who was a Presbyte- 
rian minister with a large family, and a small 
salary, moved by the way of the Hudson river 
and Erie canal to Fayetteville in search of an 
increased income and a larger field of work. 
Fayetteville was then the most straggling of 
country villages, about five miles from Pomp'ey 
Hill, where Gov. Seymour was born. At the 
last mentioned place young Grover commenced 
going to school in the "good old-fashioned 
way," and presumably distinguished himself 
after the manner of all village boys in doing 

the things he ought not to do. Such is the 
distinguishing trait of all village geniuses and 
independent thinkers. When he arrived at 
the age of fourteen years he had outgrown the 
capacity of the village school and e.xpressed a 
most emphatic desire to be sent to an acad- 
emy. To this his father decidedly objected. 
Academies in those days cost money; besides, 
his father wanted him to become self-support- 
ing by the quickest possible means, and this 
at that time in Fayetteville seemed to be a 
position in a country store, where his father, 
with the large family on his hands, had con- 
siderable influence. Grover was to be paid 
$50 for his services the first year, and if he 
proved trustworthy he was to receive $100 the 
second year. Here the lad commenced his 
career as a salesman, and in two years he had 
earned so good a reputation for trustworthi- 
ness that his employers desired to retain him 

But instead of remaining with this firm in 
Fayetteville, he went with the family in their 
removal to Clinton, where he had an oppor- 
tunity of attending a high school. Here he 
industriously pursued his studies until the 
family removed with him to a point on Black 
river known as the Holland Patent, a village 
of 500 or 600 people, fifteen miles north of 
Utica, N. Y. At this place his father died, 
after preaching but three Sundays. This event 
broke up the family, and Grover set out for 
New York city to accept, at a small salary, 
the position of "under-teacher" in an asylum 
for the blind. He taught faithfully for two 
years, and although he obtained a good repu- 
tation in this capacity, he concluded that 
teaching was not his calling for life', and, re- 
versing the traditional order, he left the city to 
seek his fortune, instead of going to a city. 
He first thought of going to Cleveland, Ohio, 
as there was some charm in that name for him; 
but before proceeding to that place he went to 



Buffalo to ask advice of his uncle, Lewis 
F. Allan, a noted stock breeder of that place. 
After a long consultation, his uncle offered 
him a place temporarily as assistant herdkeeper 
at $50 a year, while he could "look around." 
One day afterward he boldly walked into the 
office of Rogers, Bowers & Rogers, of Buffalo, 
and told them what he wanted. A number of 
young men were already engaged in the office, 
but Grover's persistency won, and he was fin- 
ally permitted to come as an office boy and 
have the use of the law library for the nomi- 
nal sum of $3 or $4 a week. Out of this he 
had to pay for his board and washing. The 
walk to and from his uncle's was a long and 
rugged one; and, although the first winter was 
a memorably severe one, yet he was neverthe- 
less prompt and regular. On the first day of 
his service there, his senior employer threw 
down a copy of Blackstone before him with a 
bang that made the dust fly, saying, "That's 
where they all begin." A titter ran around 
the little circle of clerks and students, as they 
thought that was enough to scare young 
Grover out of his plans; but in due time he 
mastered that cumbersome volume. Then, as 
ever afterward, however, Mr. Cleveland exhib- 
ited a talent for executiveness rather than for 
chasing principles through all their metaphys- 
ical possibilities. "Let us quit talking and go 
and do it," was practically his motto. 

The first public office to which Mr. Cleve- 
land was elected was that of sheriff of Erie 
county, N. Y., in which Buffalo is situated; 
and in such capacity it fell to his duty to in- 
flict capital punishment upon two criminals. 
In 1 88 1 he was elected mayor of the city of 
Buffalo on the democratic ticket, with especial 
reference to the bringing about certain reforms 
in the administration of the municipal affairs 
of that city. In this office, as well as that of 
sheriff, his performance of duty has generally 
been considered fair, with possibly a few ex- 

ceptions, which were ferreted out and magni- 
fied during his last presidential campaign. 
The editorial manager or the New York Sun 
afterward very highly commended Mr. Cleve- 
land's administration as mayor of Buffalo, and 
thereupon recommended him for governor of 
the Empire state. To the latter office he was 
elected in 1882, and his administration of the 
affairs of state was generally satisfactory. The 
mistakes he made, if any, were made very 
public throughout the nation after he was nom- 
inated for president of the United States. For 
this high office he was nominated July 11, 
1884, by the national democratic convention 
at Chicago, when other com.petitors were 
Thomas F. Bayard, Roswell P. Flower, Thomas 
A. Hendricks, Benjamin F. Butler, Allen G. 
Thurman, etc. ; and he was elected by the 
people by a majority of about a thousand over 
the brilliant and long-tried James G. Blaine. 
President Cleveland resigned his office as gov- 
erner of New York in Januan,-, iS.?5, in order 
to prepare for his duties as the chief executive 
of the United States, in which capacity his term 
commenced at noon on the 4th of March, 1885. 
In November, 1S92, Mr. Cleveland was re- 
elected to the presidency by the democratic 
party, the candidate of the republican party 
being their ex-chief, Benjamin Harrison, a 
sketch of whom follows this. The popular 
vote on this occasion stood: Cleveland, 5,556- 
562; Harrison, 5,162,874; the electoral vote 
was 277 for Cleveland, and 145 for Harrison. 
During the early part of his first administra- 
tion, Mr. Cleveland was married to Miss 
Frances Folsom, of Buffalo, N. Y. . and in Oc- 
tober, 1891, a daughter, Ruth, came to bless 
the union, and a second daughter. Esther, was 
born in July, 1893. The first act of Mr. 
Cleveland, on taking his seat for his second 
term, was to convene congress in extra session 
for the purpose of repealing the Sherman sil- 
ver bill, and accordingly that body met Sep- 




tember 4, 1S93, and both houses being- demo- 
cratic, the bill, in accordance with the recom- 
mendation oi the president, was uncondition- 
ally repealed. The special feature, however, 
ot the second administration of Grover Cleve- 
land was the repeal of the McKinley tariff bill 
by congress and the substitution of the bill re- 
ported by William L. Wilson, of West Vir- 
ginia, as chairman of the ways and means com- 
mittee of the house of representatives, which 
bill, being concurred in, with sundry amend- 
ments, by the senate, was finally passed and 
went into effect in the latter part of 1894, 
materially reducing the duties on imports. 

t>^ ENJAMIN HARRISON, the twenty- 
S<*^ third president, is the descendant of 
jJ^^^ one of the historical families of this 
country. The head of the family 
was a Major General Harrison, one of Oliver 
Cromwell's trusted followers-and fighters. In 
the zenith of Cromwell's power it became the 
duty of this Harrison to participate in the 
trial of Charles I, and afterward to sign the 
death warrant of the king. He subsequently 
paid for this with his life, being hung October 
13, 1660. His descendants came to America, 
and the next of the family that appears in his- 
tory is Benjamin Harrison, of Virginia, great- 
grandfather of the subject of this sketch, and 
after whom he was named. Benjamin Har- 
rison was a member of the continental con- 
gress during the years 1774-5-6, and was one 
of the original signers of the Declaration of 
Independence. He was three times elected 
governor of Virginia. 

Gen. William Henry Harrison, the sonof 
the distinguished patriot of the Revolution, 
after a successsul career as a soldier during the 
war of 18 1 2, and with a clean record as gov- 
ernor of the Northwestern territory, was 
elected president of the United States in 1840. 

His career was cut short by death in one 
month after his inauguration. 

President Benjamin Harrison was born at 
North Bend, Hamilton county, Ohio, August 
20, 1833. His hfe up to the time of his grad- 
uation by the Miami university, at Oxford, 
Ohio, was the uneventful one of a country lad 
of a family of small means. His father was 
able to give him a good education, and nothing 
more. He became engaged while at college 
to the daughter of Dr. Scott, principal of a 
female school at Oxford. After graduating, 
he determined to enter upon the study of the 
law. He went to Cincinnati and there read 
law for two years. At the expiration of that 
time young Harrison received the only inher- 
itance of his life; his aunt, dying, left him a 
lot valued at $800. He regarded this legacy 
as a fortune, and decided to get married at 
once, take this money and go to some eastern 
town and begin the practice of law. He sold 
his lot, and with the money in his pocket, he 
started out with his young wife to fight for a 
place in the world. He decided to go to 
Indianapolis, which was even at that time a 
town of promise. He met with slight encour- 
agement at first, making scarcely anything the 
first year. He worked diligently, applying 
himself closely to his calling, built up an ex- 
tensive practice and took a leading rank in the 
legal profession. He is the father of Uvo 

In i860 Mr. Harrison was nominated for 
the position of supreme court reporter, and 
then began his experience as a stump speaker. 
He canvassed the state thoroughly, and was 
elected by a handsome majority. In 1862 he 
raised the Seventeenth Indiana infantry, and 
was chosen its colonel. His regiment was 
composed of the rawest of material, but Col. 
Harrison employed all his time at first master- 
ing military tactics and drilling his men; when 
he therefore came to move toward the east 



with Sherman his regiment was one of the 
best drilled and organized in the army. At 
Resaca he especially distinguished himself, 
and for his bravery at Peachtree Creek he was 
made a brigadier general, Gen. Hooker speak- 
ing of him in the most complimentary terms. 

During the absence of Gen. Harrison in 
the field the supreme court declared the ofBce 
of the supreme court reporter vacant, and 
another person was elected to the position. 
From the time of leaving Indiana with his 
regiment until the fall of 1864 he had taken 
no leave of absence, buf having been nomi- 
nated that year for the same office, he got a 
thirty-day leave of absence, and during that 
time made a brilliant canvass of the state, and 
was elected for another term. He then started 
to rejoin Sherman, but on the way was 
stricken down with scarlet fever, and after a 
most trying siege made his way to the front in 
time to participate in the closing incidents of 
the war. 

In 1868 Gen. Harrison declined a re-elec- 
tion as reporter, and resumed the practice of 
law. In 1 876 he was a candidate for governor. 
Although defeated, the brilliant campaign he 
made won for him a national reputation, and 
he was much sought, especially in the east, to 
make speeches. In 1880, as usual, he took 
an active part in the campaign, and was elected 
to the United States senate. Here he served 
six years, and was known as one of the ablest 
men, best lawyers and strongest debaters in 
that body. With the expiration of his sena- 
torial term he returned to the practice of his 
profession, becoming the head of one of the 
strongest firms in the state of Indiana. 

The political campaign of J 888 was one of 
the most memorable in the history of our coun- 
try. The convention, which assembled in 
Chicago in June and named Mr. Harrison as 
the chief standard bearer of the republican 
party, was great in every particular, and on 

this account, and the attitude it assumed upon 
the vital questions of the day, chief among 
which was the tariff, awoke a deep interest in 
the campaign throughout the nation. Shortly 
after the nomination delegations began to visit 
Mr. Harrison at Indianapolis, his home. This 
movement became popular, and from all sec- 
tions of the country societies, clubs and dele- 
gations journeyed thither to pay their respects 
to the distinguished statesman. The popu- 
.larity of these was greatly increased on ac- 
count of the remarkable speeches made by Mr. 
Harrison. He spoke daily all through the 
summer and autumn to these visiting delega- 
tions, and so varied, masterly and eloquent 
were his speeches that they at once placed 
him in the foremost rank of Ameiican orators 
and statesmen. On account of b's eloquence 
as a speaker and his power as a debater, he 
was called upon at an uncommonly early age 
to take part in the discussion of the great 
questions that then began to agitate the coun- 
try. He was an uncompromising anti-slavery 
man, and was matched against some of the 
most eminent democratic speakers of his state. 
No man who felt the touch of his blade de- 
sired to be pitted with him again. With all 
his eloquence as an orator he never spoke for 
oratorical effect, but his words always went 
like bullets to the mark. He is purely Ameri- 
can in his ideas and is a splendid type of the 
American statesman. Gifted with quick per- 
ception, a logical mind and a ready tongue, he 
is one of the most distinguished impromptu 
speakers in the nation. Original in thought, 
precise in logic, terse in statement, yet withal 
faultless in eloquence, he is recognized as the 
sound statesman and brilliant orator of the 
day. His term of office as president of the 
United States expired on March 4, 1893, when 
he surrendered the high position to Stephen 
Grover Cleveland, allusion to which fact is 
made on a preceding page. 


Additional Memoranda for Presidents of the United States. 


Additional Memoranda for.Presidents of the United States. 





HRTHUR ST. CLAIR, one of the most 
noted characters of our early colonial 
days, was a native of Scotland, being 
born at Edinburg, in 1735 Becom- 
ing a surgeon in the British army, he subse- 
quently crossed the Atlantic with his regiment 
and thenceforward was identified with the 
history of this country until the day of his 
death. Serving as a lieutenant with ^^'olfe in 
the memorable campaign against Quebec, St. 
Clair won sufficient reputation to obtain ap- 
pointment as commander of Fort Ligonier, Pa., 
where a large tract of land was granted to him. 
During the Revolutionary war he espoused the 
colonial cause, and before its close had risen 
to the rank of major general. In 1785 he was 
elected a delegate to the Continental congress 
and afterward became its president. After the 
passage of the ordinance of 1787, St. Clair 
was appointed first military governor of the 
Northwest territory, with headquarters at Fort 
Washington, now Cincinnati. In 1791 he 
undertook an expedition against the north- 
western Indians, which resulted in the great 
disaster known in western history as "St. 
Clair's defeat." On November 4 the Indjans 
surprised and routed his whole force of about 
1,400 regulars and militia, in what is now 
Darke county, Ohio, killing over 900 men and 
capturing his artillery and camp equipage. 

Gen. St. Clair held the office of territorial 
governor until 1802, when he was removed by 
President Jefferson. He returned to Ligonier, 
Pa. , poor, aged and infirm. The state granted 
him an annuity which enabled him to pass the 
last years of his life in comfort. He died near 
Greensburgh, Pa., August 31, 181 S, leaving a 
familv of one son and three daughters. 


(territorial) governor of Indiana, and 
ninth president of the United States, 
was a native of Virginia, born in 
the town of Berkeley, Charles City county, 
Febmar}- 9, 1773. [See presidential sketch.] 

HOMAS POSEY, the second and last 
governor of Indiana territory, was 
born near Alexandria, Va. , on July 9, 
1750. His educational training was 
limited, being confined to the branches taught 
in the different schools of those days. In 
1774 he took part in the expedition originated 
by Gov. Dunmore, of Virginia, against the 
Indians, and was present at the battle of 
Mount Pleasant. At the close of the war Mr. 



Posey went back to his home in Virginia, but 
did not long pursue^ his peaceful vocations, 
being called upon, the following year, to take 
the part of the colonies in their struggle for 
liberty against the mother country. He par- 
ticipated in the battle of Bemis Heights, as 
captain in Col. Morgan's command; in 1779 
was colonel of the Eleventh Virginia regiment, 
and afterward commanded a battery under 
Gen. Wayne. He bore a gallant part in the 
storming of Stony Point, was at the capitula- 
tion of Cornwallis at Yorktown, and continued 
in the service some time after peace was de- 
clared. In 1793, he was appointed brigadier 
general in the army of the Northwest, and 
being pleased with the appearance of the 
country, settled in Kentucky not long after. 
In that state he was a member of the state 
senate, being president of the body from 
November 4, 1805, to November 3, 1806, per- 
forming the duties of lieutenant governor at 
the same time. He removed to Louisiana in 
18 1 2, and afterward represented the state in 
the senate of the United States. While a 
resident of Louisiana he was appointed gov- 
ernor of Indiana territory, by President Mad- 
ison, and in May, 18 13, he moved to Vin- 
cennes, and entered upon the discharge of his 
official duties. When his term as governor 
expired by reason of the admission of Indiana 
into the Union, in 1816, Col. Posey was 
appointed Indian agent for Illinois territory, 
with headquarters at Shawneetown, where 
his death occurred March 19, 18 18. 

VVONATHAN JENNINGS, the first gov- 

m ernpr of Indiana, was born in Hunter- 

/» 1 don county, N. J., in the year 1784. 

His father, a Presbyterian clergyman, 

moved to Pennsylvania shortly after Jona- 

' than's birth, in which state the future gov- 
! ernor received his early educational training 
and grew to manhood. He early began train- 
ing himself for the legal profession, but before 
his admission to the bar he left Pennsylvania 
and located at JefEersonville, Ind. , where he 
completed his preparatory study of the law, 
and became a practitioner in the courts of 
that and other towns in the territory. He 
was subsequently made clerk in the territorial 
legislature, and while discharging the duties 
of that position became a candidate for con- 
gress, against Thomas Randolph, attorney 
general of the territory. The contest between 
the two was exciting and bitter, the principal 
question at issue being slavery, which Mr. 
Randolph opposed, while his competitor was 
a firm believer in the divine right of the insti- 
tution. Jennings was elected by a small 
majority. He was re-elected in i S 1 1 , over 
Walter Taylor, and in 1S13 was chosen the 
third time, his competitor in the last race 
being Judge Sparks, a very worthy and popular 
man. Early in 1816, Mr. Jennings reported a 
bill to congress, enabling the people of the 
territory to take the necessary steps to convert 
it into a state. Delegates to a convention to 
form a state constitution were elected in May, 
1S16, Mr. Jennings being chosen one from the 
county of Clark. He was honored by being 
chosen to preside over this convention, and in 
the election which followed he was elected 
governor of the new state by a majority of 
1,277 votes over his competitor. Gov. Posey. 
In this office he served six years, also acting 
as Indian commissioner in 18 18 by appoint- 
ment of President Monroe. At the close of 
his term as governor, he was elected as repre- 
sentative in congress, and was chosen for four 
terms in succession. He was nearly always 
in public life and filled his places acceptably. 
He died near Charlestown, July 26, 1834. 


fiATLIFF BOON, who became gov- 
ernor of Indiana upon the resignation 
of Jonathan Jennings, September 12, 
1822, was born in the state of Georgia 
January iS, 1 78 1. When he was young his 
father emigrated to Kentucky, settling in War- 
ren county. RatHff Boon learned the gun- 
smith trade in Danville, Ky., and in 1809 
came to Indiana and settled on the present 
site of Boonville, in what is now Warrick 
county. In the organization of this county 
he took a prominent part, was elected its first 
treasurer, in the session of 18 16- 17 he was a 
member of the house of representatives, and 
in iS 18 was elected to the state senate. In 
181 9 he was elected lieutenant governor on 
the ticket with Jonathan Jennings, whom he 
succeeded, as stated above. He was re-elected 
to the office of lieutenant governor in 1822, 
but resigned that office, in 1824, to become a 
candidate for congress, to which he was elected 
in August of the same year. - He was re-elected 
in 1S29-1831-1833-1835 and 1S37, serving 
most of the time as chairman of the com- 
mittee of public lands. In 1836 he was a 
candidate for United States senator, but was 
defeated by Oliver H. Smith. His congres- 
sional career ended March, 1 8 39, and a few 
months afterward he removed to Missouri, 
settling in Pike county. In that state Gov. 
Boon became active in public affairs, and was 
one of the leading men of the state. Placing 
himself in antagonism to Col. Thomas H. 
Benton, who then controlled the politics of 
Missouri, he incurred the latter's deadly- 
enmity. He again became a candidate for 
congress in 1844, but his death on November 
20th of that year put an end to his earthly 
career. Mr. Boon was a pioneer of two states 
and left the impress of his character upon 
both of them. 


I ^-5-^WTLLIAM HENDRICKS, governor of 
Indiana from 1822 to 1825, was 
born at Ligonier, Westmoreland 
county, Pa., in 17S3. His parents 
were Abraham and Ann (Jamison) Hendricks, 
descendants from old families of New Jersey. 
William Hendricks was educated at Cannons- 
burg, Pa., and shortly after his graduation, in 
1 8 10, went to Cincinnati, Ohio, where he 
studied law in the office of Mr. Carry, sup- 
porting himself in the meantime by teaching 
school. In 1 814 he removed to Indiana, and 
located at Madison, which continued to be his 
home during the rest of his life. He began, 
the practice of law at Madison, where he was 
also identified with journalism for some time, 
and shortly after his removal to the state he 
was made secretary of the territorial legisla- 
ture at Vincennes. In June, 1S16, he was 
appointed secretary of the constitutional con- 
vention, and in August of the same year was 
elected as the first and sole representative to" 
congress from the newly created state, serving 
three successive terms. He discharged the 
duties of his high position with so much 
acceptability that at the end of his third term, 
1822, he was elected governor of the state 
without opposition. Before the expiration of 
his term as governor, the legislature elected 
him a senator of the United States, and on 
February 12, 1S25, he filed his resignation as 
governor. In 1S31 he was re-elected, and at 
the expiration of this term, in 1837, he retired 
to private life and never afterward took upon 
himself the cares of public office. In 1840 
he was one of the state electors on the Van 
Buren ticket, and it was during the campaign 
of that year that he contracted a disease from 
which he suffered the remainder of his life. 
Gov. Hendricks was a man of imposing ap- 
pearance. He was six feet in height, hand- 



some in face and figure, and had a ruddy com.- 
plexion. He was eaS'y in manner, genial and 
kind in disposition, and was a man who at- 
tracted the attention of all and won the warm 
friendship of many. He was brought up in 
the Presbyterian faith, early united with that 
church, and lived a consistent, earnest, chris- 
tian life. The Indiana Gazette of 1850 has 
the following mention of him: "Gov. Hen- 
dricks was for many years by far the most 
popular man in the state. He had been its 
sole representative in congress for six years, 
elected on each occasion by large majorities, 
and no member of that body, probably, was 
more attentive to the interests of the state he 
represented, or more industrious in arranging 
all the private or local business intrusted to 
him. He left no letter unanswered, no public 
office or document did he fail to visit or 
examine on request; with personal manners 
very engaging, he long retained his popular- 
ity." He died May 16, 1850. 

>j*AMES BROWN RAY, governor of Indi- 
J ana, was born in Jefferson county, Ky., 
nj February 19, 1794. Early in life he 
went to Cincinnati, Ohio, and after 
studying law in that city he was admitted to 
the bar. He began the practice at Brookville, 
Ind., where he soon ranked among the ablest 
and most influential of an able and ambi- 
tious bar. 

In 1822 he was elected to the legislature. 
On the 30th of January, 1824, Lieut. Gov. 
Ratliff Boon resigned his office, and Mr. Ray 
was elected president pro tem. of the senate, 
and presided during the remainder of the ses- 
sion. He was governor of the state from 1825 
to 1 83 1, and during this time was appointed 
United States commissioner with Lewis Cass 
and John Tipton, to negotiate a treaty with 

the Miami and Pottawatomie Indians. The 
constitution of the state prevented the gov- 
ernor from holding an office under the United 
States government, in consequence of which 
he became involved in a controversy. He 
remembered the difficulty Jonathan Jennings' 
had encountered under like circumstances, and 
sought to avoid trouble by acting without a 
regular commission, but his precaution did not 
save him from trouble. Through his exertions 
the Indians gave land to aid in building a road 
from Lake Michigan to the Ohio river. Gov. 
Ray was active in promoting railroad concen- 
tration in Indianapolis, and took an active 
part in the internal improvement of the state. 
At the expiration of his term of office he 
resumed the practice of law, and in 1S37 was 
candiate for congress in the Indianapolis dis- 
trict, but was defeated by a large majority. 
This want of appreciation by the public soured 
him, and in later years he became very eccen- 
tric. In 1848, while at Cincinnati, he was 
taken with the cholera, which terminated in 
his death, August 4th of that year. In person 
Gov. Ray, in his younger days, was ven.- pre- 
possessing. He was tall and straight, with a 
body well proportioned. He wore his hair 
long and tied in a queue. His forehead was 
broad and high, and his features denoted intel- 
ligence of high order. For many years he was 
a leading man of Indiana, and no full history 
of the state can be written without a mention 
of his name. 

5>^^ OAH NOBLE, the fifth governor of 
I ■ Indiana, was born in Clark countv, 
1 r Va., January 15, 1794, When a 
small boy he was taken by his parents 
to Kentucky in which state he grew to man- 
hood. About the time Indiana was admitted 
into the Union, Mr. Noble came to the state 


and located at Brookville, where a few years 
later, he was elected sheriff of Franklin county. 
In 1824 he was chosen a representative to the 
state legislature from Franklin county, in 
which body he soon became quite popular and 
gained a state reputation. In 1826 he was 
appointed receiver of public moneys to suc- 
ceed his brother, Lazayus Noble, who died 
while moving the office from Brookville to 
Indianapolis, in which capacity he continued 
with great acceptability until his removal, in 
1829, by President Jackson, In 1830 he was 
appointed one of the commissioners to locate 
and lay out the Michigan road. In 1831 he 
was candidate for governor, and although a 
whig, and the democracy had a large majority 
in the state, he was elected by a majority of 
2,791. This was remarkable, for Milton Stapp, 
also a whig, was a candidate, and polled 4,422 
votes. In 1834 Gov. Noble was a candidate 
for re-election, when he was also successful, 
defeating his competitor, JaTnes G. Reed, by 
7,662 votes. In 1839, after his gubernatorial 
term had expired, he was elected a member of 
the board of internal improvements. In 184 1 
he was chosen a fund commissioner, and the 
same year was offered by the president of the 
United States the office of general land com- 
missioner, which he declined. Gov. Noble 
died at his home, near Indianapolis, February 
8, 1844. Gov. Noble had a laudable ambition 
to go to the United States senate, and in 1836 
was a candidate to succeed William Hen- 
dricks, but was defeated by Oliver H. Smith. 
In 1839 he was again a candidate to succeed 
Gen. John Tipton, but was defeated by Albert 
S. White on the thirty-sixth ballot. Oliver H. 
Smith says that Gov. Noble "was one of Ihe 
most popular men with the masses of the state. 
His person was tall and slim, and his consti- 
tution delicate, his smile winning, his voice 
feeble, and the pressure of his hand irresisti- 
ble. He spoke plainly and well, but made no 

pretense to oratory. As governor he was very 
popular, and his social entertainments will 
long be remembered. 

t>'^ AVID WALLACE, governor of Indi- 
I I ana from 1837 to 1840, was a native 
(^^ of Mifflin county. Pa., born April 24, 
1799. He removed with his father 
to Brookville, Ind. , when quite young, and in 
early manhood began the study of law in the 
office of Miles Eggleston, a distinguished jurist 
of that day. In 1823 he was admitted to the 
bar and soon obtained a terge practice. He 
served in the legislature from 1828 to 1830, 
and in 1831 was elected lieutenant governor 
of Indiana, and re-elected in 1834. In 1837 
he was elected governor over John Dumont, 
an able and distinguished lawyer, who lived at 
Vevay, on the southern border of the state. 
During his periods of service as legislator and 
lieutenant governor, he was active as an advo- 
cate of internal improvements and in estab- 
lishing a school system, and he was elected 
governor upon those issues. 

In 1 84 1 he was elected to congress from 
the Indianapolis district, defeating Col. Nathan 
B. Palmer. As a member of the committee 
on commerce, he gave the casting vote in favor 
an appropriation to develop Col. S. F. B. 
Morse's magnetic telegraph, which vote had 
great weight in defeating him for re-election in 
1843. At the expiration of his term in con- 
gress he resumed the practice of law, which he 
continued uninterruptedly until 1850, when he 
was elected a delegate to the constitutional 
convention from the county of Marion. In 
1856 he was elected judge of the court of com- 
mon pleas, which position he held until his 
death, on the 4th of September, 1859. Gov. 
Wallace was twice married. His first wife was 
a daughter of John Test, and his second a 



daughter of John H. Sanders. The latter was 
active and promirient in reformatory and 
religious work. When a young man, Governor 
Wallace had a well proportioned body, but in 
his later years its symmetry was marred by an 
undue amount of flesh. He had black hair, 
dark eyes, and a ruddy complexion. He was 
cultured and well bred, his address was good 
and his manners unexceptionable. He was a 
laborious and impartial jurist, a painstaking 
executive, and as an orator had few equals in 
the nation. 

^"V'AMUEL BIGGER, who succeeded 
•v^^kT David Wallace as governor of Indi- 

h^,^ ana, was born in Warren county, 
Ohio, March 20, 1802, and was the 
eldest son of John Bigger, a western pioneer, 
and for many years a member of the Ohio leg- 
islature. He was prepared for college in his 
own neighborhood, graduated with honors from 
the university at Athens, and afterward began 
the study of law. In 1829 he removed to Lib- 
erty, Ind. , where he was duly admitted to the 
bar, and soon secured a lucrative practice. He 
remained at Liberty but a short time, remov- 
ing thence to Rushville, where his public life 
began in 1834 as representative of Rush coun- 
ty in the state legislature. He was re-elected 
in 1835, and shortly after the expiration of his 
term was chosen judge of the eastern circuit, 
a position for which he proved himself ably 
qualified, and which he held in an acceptable 
manner for many years. In 1840 he was nom- 
inated for governor by the whig state conven- 
tion, and after an exciting race was elected, 
defeating Gen. Tilghman A. Howard. He was 
a candidate for re-election in 1843, but was 
defeated by James Whitcomb. After the ex- 
piration of his gubernatorial term. Gov. Big- 
ger moved to Fort Wayne, Ind., and resumed 
the practice of law, which he continued until 

his death, September 9, 1S45. "Gov. Bigger 
possessed talents of a high order, rather sub- 
stantial than brilliant. His judgment was 
remarkably sound, dispassionate and discrimi- 
nating, and it was this chiefly that made him 
eminently a leader in every circle in which he 
moved, whether in political life, at the bar, or 
society at large." He was a man of fine form 
and presence. He was six feet two inches in 
height and weighed 240 pounds. His hair was 
black, his eyes a blue hazel, and his complex- 
ion dark. The expression of his face was kind 
and benignant, and denoted goodness of heart. 
He was a patriotic citizen, an incorruptible 
judge, and an executive officer of very respec- 
table ability. 

>j*AMES WHITCOMB was born near 
m Windsor. \'t., December I, 1795. His 
A 1 father removed to Ohio, and settled 
near Cincinnati, when James was quire 
young, and it was there upon a farm that the 
youthful years of the future governor and 
senator were passed. He received a classical 
eductaion at Transylvania university, subse- 
quently studied law, and in March, 1822, was 
admitted to the bar in Lexington, Fayette 
county, Ky. Two years later he came to Indi- 
ana and located at Bloomington, where he soon 
became known as an able advocate and suc- 
cessful practitioner. In I S26 he was appointed 
prosecuting attorney of his circuit, and in the 
discharge of the duties of this office traveled 
over a large scope of country and became 
acquainted with many leading men of the state. 
In 1830 and 1S36 he was elected to the state 
senate, where he did much to stay the progress 
of the internal improvement fever which was 
then at its highest point. In October, 1836, 
President Jackson appointed Mr. Whitcomb 
commissioner of the general land office, to 


which he was reappointed by President Van 
Buren, and served as sufh until the expiration 
of the latter's term of office. Early in 1 841 
he returned to Indiana and resumed the prac- 
tice of law in Terre Haute, where he soon 
acquired a large and lucrative business. He 
was at that time one of the best known and 
most popular members of his party, and at the 
democratic state convention of 1S43, he was 
nominated for governor of the state. His op- 
ponent was Samuel Bigger, whom he defeated 
by a majority of 2,013 votes. Three years 
afterward he was re-elected, beating Joseph G. 
Marshall, the whig candidate, by 3,958 votes. 
When he became governor he found the state 
loaded down with debt, upon which no inter- 
est had been paid for years, but when he left 
the office the debt was adjusted and the state's 
credit restored. He also, by his efforts, crea- 
ted a public sentiment that demanded the 
establishment of benevolent and reformatory 
institutions, and he awakened the people to 
the importance of establishing common schools 
and providing a fund for their maintenance. 
During his term of office he raised five reg- 
iments of infantry that represented the state 
in the war with Me.xico. The legislature of 
1849 elected Gov. Whitcomb to the senate of 
the United States, for which high position he 
was well qualified by talent, by education and 
by experience. Owing to feeble health he 
was unable to discharge his senatorial duties 
as he wished, and he died from a painful dis- 
ease when he had served little more than half 
the term. In 1843 he wrote a pamphlet 
entitled, "Facts for the People," the most 
effective treatise against protective tariff ever 
known. As a lawyer, Mr. Whitcomb ranked 
among the ablest in the country, and as gov- 
ernor will always be remembered as one of the 
ablest of the distinguished men who have 
occupied that position. Gov. Whitcomb was 
compactly and strongly built; he v.-a.- p:-me- 

what above the average size of man; he had a 
dark complexion and black hair. His features 
were good and expressive, and his manners the 
most elegant. He was a talented and an 
honest man, and when the rol^.of Indiana's 
great men is made up, among the first m the 
list will be the name of Whitcomb. 

^V'^ARISC. DUNNING was born in Guil- 
1 W ford county, N. C., in March, 1806, 
M but emigrated to Indiana with his 

mother and elder brother, and located 
at Bloomington in 1823. He studied law and 
was admitted to practice about 1830. In 1833 
he was elected to represent Monroe county in 
the state legislature, and was three times 
re-elected. In 1836 he was elected to the 
state senate from Monroe and Brown counties, 
and remained there until 1840, when he vol- 
untarily retired. He was chosen as a demo- 
cratic presidential elector in 1S44, and during 
the campaign exhibited extraordinary energy 
and ability as a public speaker. In 1846 he 
was elected lieutenant governor on the demo- 
cratic ticket, and when Gov. Whitcomb was 
elected to the United States senate, Mr. Dun- 
ning succeeded him as governor. After his 
retirement in 1850, he practiced his profession 
for many years, having meantime declined a 
nomination for congress. In i860 he was a 
delegate to the Charleston and Baltimore 
national conventions, where he distinguished 
himself as an earnest advocate of Stephen A. 
Douglas, and subsequently worked assiduously 
for that statesman's election to the presidency. 
At the breaking out of the rebellion in 1861, 
Mr. Dunning identified himself with the Union 
cause, and throughout the war rendered val- 
iant aid to the country. In 186 1 he was 
elected to the state senate without distinction 
of party. Subsequently he was elected twice 
as president of the senate. Govenor Dunning 


was twice married, first to Miss Sarah Alex- 
ander, and the second time to Mrs. Ellen D. 
Ashford. Ex-Gov. Dunning took high rank 
as one of the self-made men of Indiana, and 
he filled the many positions of honor and trust 
conferred upon him with great credit to him- 
self and to the entire satisfaction of the cit- 
izens of the State. 

Vt*OSEPH a. WRIGHT, for seven years 
M governor of Indiana, was born in \Vash- 
/» 1 ington, Pa., April 17, iSio. In 1S19 
his family moved to Bloomington. 
Ind. , where he and his two brothers assisted 
their father at work in a brickyard, and in the 
brick business generally. In 1822 his father 
died and he, then fourteen years of age, hav- 
ing but little if any aid from others, was left 
entirely npon his own resources, He attended 
school, and college about two years, and while 
at college was janitor, rang the bell and took 
care of the buildings. It is said that what 
little pocket money he had was made by gath- 
ering walnuts and hickory nuts in the fall and 
selling them to students in the winter. He 
subsequently studied law with Craven P. Hes- 
ter, of Bloomington, and began the practice of 
his profession, in 1829, at Rockville, Parke 
county, where he met with good success from 
the start. In 1833 he was elected to the state 
legislature, and in 1840, the year of the Har- 
rison political tornado, was chosen a member 
of the state senate. He was also elected dis- 
trict attorney for tvvo terms in 1836 and 183,-, 
and later was appointed by President Polk 
United States commissioner to Texas. In 
1843 he was elected to congress from the 
Seventh district, over Edward McGaughey, by 
three majority, and served until Polk was in- 
augurated, March 4, 1845. In 1849 he was 
elected governor of Indiana, under the old 
constitution, and in 1852 was re-elected bv 

over 20,000 majority, and served until 1857. 
In the summer of the latter year he was 
appointed minister to Prussia by James 
Buchanan, and as such served until 1861. In 
1862 he was appointed by Gov. Morton United 
States senator, and sat in the senate until the 
next January. He was appointed commis- 
sioner to the Hamburg exposition in 1863, 
and in 1865 went again to Prussia as United 
States minister, and remained there until his 
death, which occurred at Berlin, March 11, 
1867. Gov. Wright will be best remembered 
as governor of Indiana, his services in the 
general assembly, senate and congress being 
too brief for him to make much impression in 
any of those bodies. 

As governor, he was an important factor 
in shaping legislation and molding public 
opinion. He was an orthodox democrat of 
the straightest sect, stood high in the councils 
of his party, and contested with Jesse D. 
Bright for the leadership, but without success. 
He was strong with the people but weak with 
the leaders. In personal appearance Gov. 
Wright was tall and raw-boned. He had a 
large head and an unusually high forehead. 
His hair Vv'as light and thin, his eyes blue, and 
his nose and mouth large and prominent. He 
was an effective speaker, mainly on account 
of his earnestness and simplicity. While not 
the greatest man in the state, he was one of 
the most influential; and to his honor be it 
said, his influence was exercised for the public 
good. Economy and honesty in public life, 
and morality and religion in private station, 
had in him an advocate and an exemplar. 

born October 31, 1820, at Vernon, 
Oneida county, N. Y., the son of 
Col. Erastus Willard, at one time 
sheriff of Oneida county. He pursued his pre- 



paratory studies in the Oneida Liberal insti- 
tute, and when eighteen years of age entered 
Hamilton college in the class of 1842. After 
graduating from that institution he studied 
law for some time with Judge Baker, of his 
native county, and later emigrated to Michi- 
gan, locating in the town of Marshall, where 
he remained for over a year. He then made 
a trip to Te.xas on horseback, and on his 
return stopped at Carrollton, Ky., and there 
taught school. After this he taught for some 
time at Louisville, but subsequently left the 
school room 'for the political arena. In the 
contest for the presidency in 1844, between 
Clay and Polk, young Willard began stump- 
ing for the latter, and during the campaign 
made a speech in New Albany, Ind. , which made 
such a favorable impression that many of the 
first men of the town solicited him to come 
and settle among them. He soon afterward 
located in New Albany, which place remained 
his home until his death. H.e at once opened 
a law office, but was compelled to encounter a 
very able bar, in consequence of which his 
practice for some time was by no means lucra- 
tive. The first office he held was that of com- 
mon councilman. He took pride in the place 
and won the good opinion of the people irre- 
spective of party. In 1850 he was elected to 
the state legislature, and from that time until 
his death he occupied a conspicuous place in 
the public mind. Such was his career in the 
legislature that when the democratic conven- 
tion of 1852 convened the delegates were met 
by an everwhelming public sentiment demand- 
ing the nomination of Willard for lieutenant 
governor. The demand was recognized and 
the nomination made. He filled this office 
until 1 8 56, when he was elected governor, 
after a very bitter and exciting political con- 
test. In the summer of i860 his health gave 
way, and he went to Minnesota in quest of 
health, which he did not find, but died there 

on October 4th of that year. Gov. Willard 
was the first governor of Indiana to die in 
office. The people, without respect to party, 
paid homage to his remains, and a general 
feeling of the most profound sorrow was felt 
at his untimely taking off. "In person Gov. 
Willard was very preposessing. His head and 
face were cast in finest molds, his eyes were 
blue, his hair auburn, and his complexion 
florid. A more magnetic and attractive man 
could nowhere be found, and had he lived to 
the allotted age of mankind he must have 
reached still higher honors." 

succeeded to the governorship on the 
death of A. P. Willard, by virtue of 
his office of lieutenant governor, was 
a native of Vermont, born in the town of 
Brattleboro, March 21, 18 14. He came to 
Indiana when si.x years of age, and was reared 
near Brookville, where he began the study of 
law in the office of John Ryman, a lawyer of 
note in that town. He was admitted to the bar 
in 1835, moved to Columbus, Bartholomew 
county, in 1840, where he was afterward 
chosen prosecuting attorney, an office which 
he filled with more than ordinary ability. In 
1846 he became a resident of Indianapolis, 
and the following year removed to Cincinnati, 
Ohio. He returned to Indianapolis in 1849, 
and in 1850 was chosen first judge of the com- 
mon pleas court of Marion county. In 1852 
he emigrated to California, and for some time 
practiced his profession in San Francisco. 
He soon returned to his adopted state, loca- 
ting in Terre Haute, where he resided until 
his election as lieutenant governor in 1852. 
He made a most e.xcellent presiding officer of 
the senate, his rulings being so fair and his 
I decisions so just that even his political oppo- 


nents bestowed encomiums upon him. On 
the death of Gov. Willard, in i860, Mr. Ham- 
mond became governor, and as such served 
with dignity until the inauguration of Gov. 
Lane, in January, 1 861. Gov. A.A.Hammond 
was not a showy man, but he was an able 
one. He possessed an analytic and logical 
mind, and was remarkably clear in stating his 
positions when drawing conclusions. When 
in his prime he was a fine specimen of physi- 
cal manhood. He was of medium height, 
compactly built, and of dark comple.xion. 
His head was large and well shaped, while the 
expression of his countenance was mild and 
gentle. Frank in manners, honorable in his 
dealings, and dignified in his deportment, he 
commanded the esteem of all with whom he 
came in contact. 

EENRY SMITH LANE, for two days 
governor of Indiana, was born Feb- 
ruary 24, 1 8 1 1 , in Montgomery county, 
Ky. He secured a good practical 
education, and at the age of eighteen com- 
menced the study of law. Soon after attain- 
ing his majority he was admitted to the bar, 
and in 1835 came to Indiana and located at 
Crawfordsville, where he soon obtained a good 
legal practice. His winning manners made 
him very popular with the people, and in 1837 
he was elected to represent Montgomery county 
in the state legislature. In 1840 he was a 
candidate for congress against Edward A. Han- 
negan, whom he defeated by 1,500 votes. He 
was re-elected the ne.xt year over John Bryce, 
and as a national representative ranked %\ith 
the ablest of his colleagues. He took an 
active part in the presidential campaign of 
1844, and made a brilliant canvass throughout 
Indiana for his favorite candidate, Henry Clay. 
On the breaking out of the Mexican war, Mr. 
Lane at once organized a company, was 
chosen captain, and later became a major and 

lieutenant colonel of the regiment, and fol- 
lowed its fortunes until mustered out of the 

In 185S, Col. Lane was elected to the 
United States senate, but, owing to opposition 
on the part of democratic senators, he did not 
take his seat. February 27, i860, he was 
nominated by acclamation for governor, and 
was elected over Hon. Thomas A. Hendricks 
by a majority of about 10,000 votes. Two 
days after the delivery of his first message, 
Gov. Lane was elected to the senate of the 
United States. He at once resigned the gov- 
ernorship, the shortest term in that office on 
record in Indiana. In the senate, Mr. Lane 
did not attain any great distinction, as it was 
not the place for the exercise of his peculiar 
talents as an orator, which were better suited 
to the hustings than to a dignified legislative 
body. When Col. Lane's senatorial term ex- 
pired, he returned to his home in Crawfords- 
ville, and never afterward held public office 
except the appointment of Indian commis- 
sioner, by President Grant. He was chosen 
president of the first national convention that 
assembled in 1856, and nominated John C. 
Fremont. It is worthy of note that every nomi- 
nation ever conferred upon him was by accla- 
mation and without opposition in his party: 
In person. Col. Lane was tall, slender and 
somewhat stoop-shouldered. His face was 
thin and wore a kindly expression. In his 
later days, the long beard he wore was white 
as snow. He moved quickly, and his bearing 
was that of a cultured man. He departed this 
life at his home in Crawfordsville, on the i8th 
day of June, iSSi. 

great war governor and United States 
senator, was born in Saulsbury, 
Wayne county, Ind., August 4, 1823. 
The family name was originally Throckmorton, 


and was so written by the grandfather, who 
emigrated from England about the beginning 
of the Revolutionary war and settled in New 
Jersey. Gov. Morton's father was James T. 
Morton, a native of New Jersey, who moved 
in an early day to Wayne county, Ind., where 
he married the mother of Oliver P., whose 
maiden name was Sarah Miller. Of the early 
live of Gov. Morton but little is known. 
When a boy he attended the academy of Prof. 
Hoshour, at Centerville, but owing to the 
poverty of the family, he was taken from 
school, and at the age of fifteen, with an older 
brother, began learning the hatter's trade. 
After working at his trade a few years, he de- 
termined to fit himself for the legal profession, 
and with this object in view he entered the 
Miami university in 1843, where he pursued 
his studies vigorously for a period of two 
years. While in college he earned the repu- 
tation of being the best debater in the institu- 
tion, and it was here that he developed those 
powers of ready analysis and argument which 
made him so celebrated in after life. He be- 
gan his professional reading in the office of 
Judge Newman, of Centerville, and after his 
admission to the bar was not long in rising to 
an eminent place among the successful law- 
yers of Indiana. In 1852 he was elected cir- 
cuit judge, but resigned at the end of one 
year and afterward increased his knowledge 
of the profession by an attendance at a Cin- 
cinnati law school. On resuming the prac- 
tice the number of his friends and legal cases 
rapidly increased, and his reputation soon e.x- 
tended beyond the limits of his own state. As 
a lawyer he possessed the faculty of selecting 
the salient points of a case and getting at the 
heart of a legal question. His mind was 
massive and logical, and he could apply great 
principles to given cases, discard non-essen- 
tials and reach decisive points. Mr. Morton's 
political career was of such a brilliant char- 

acter that his great achievements in the arena 
of statesmanship, his wonderful power as an 
organizer, won for him a recognition from the 
strongest opponents, and faith in his powers, 
and the lasting fealty and admiration of thous- 
ands of friends until he reached the highest 
point among the great American statesmen. 

Up to his thirty-first year, Mr. Morton 
was a democrat. The county in which he 
lived was largely whig, thus virtually preclud- 
: ing him from holding elective offices. He 
i was opposed to the extension of slavery, how- 
ever, and upon the organization of the repub- 
[ lican party he entered the movement, and in 
j 1S56 was one of the three delegates from 
\ Indiana to the Pittsburgh convention. 
i His prominence was such that in 1856 he 

{ was unanimously nominated by the new party 
' for governor of Indiana, against Ashbel P. Wil- 
lard, an able and brilliant speaker, the superior 
I of Mr. Morton as an orator, but his inferior as 
I a logician and debater. These two distin- 
' guished men canvassed the sta'te together, and 
I drew immense crowds. The speeches of Wil- 
lard were florid, eloquent and spirit-stirring, 
I while Mr. Morton's style was earnest, convinc- 
i ing and forcible. He never appealed to men's 
j passions, but always to their intellect and rea- 
I son, and whether in attack or defense, proved 
, himself a ready, powerful debater. Although 
: beaten at the polls, he came out of the contest 
with his popularity increased, and with the 
reputation of being one of the ablest public 
' men in the state. In i860 he was nominated 
1 for lieutenant governor on the ticket with Hon. 
1 Henry S. Lane, with the understanding that if 
' successful he should go to the senate, and Mr. 
[ Morton become governor. He made a vigor- 
ous canvass, and the result of the election was 
a republican success, which placed Mr. Lane 
in the senate and Mr. Morton in the guberna- 
torial chair. From the day of his inauguration 
Mr. Morton gave evidence of possessing e.xtra- 



ordinary executive ability. It was while filling 
this term of governor-that he did his best pub- 
lic work and created for him a fame as 
lasting as that of his state. A great civil war 
was breaking out when he became governor, 
and few so well comprehended what would be 
its magnitude as he. He was one of the first 
to forsee the coming storm of battle and most 
active in his preparations to meet it. Perceiv- 
ing the danger of a dilatory policy, he visited 
Washington soon after the inauguration of 
President Lincoln, to advise vigorous action 
and to give assurance of Indiana's support to 
such a policy. He commenced preparing for 
the forthcoming conflict, and when Sumter 
was fired on, April 12, 1861, he was neither 
surprised nor appalled. Three days after the 
attack. President Lincoln called for 75,000 
men to put down the rebellion, and the same 
day Governor Morton sent him the following 
telegram : 

"INDI.A.NAPOLIS, April IS, 1861. 
"To Abr.\ham Lincoln, President of the United 
States: On behalf of the State of Indiana, I tender 
you, for the defense of the nation, and to uphold the 
authority of the government, 10.000 men. 
"OLrvER P. Morton, 

"Governor of Indiana." 

In seven days from the date of this offer 
over three times the number of men required 
to fill Indiana's quota of the president's call 
offered their services to the country. Never 
in the world's history did the people of a state 
respond more cheerfully and more enthusias- 
tically to the call of duty, than did the people 
of Indiana in 1861. This record of the state, 
which Mr. Morton was instrumental in plan- 
ning, reflects imperishable honor on his name, 
and from that time forth he was known through- 
out the nation as the "Great War Governor." 
During the entire period of the war he per- 
formed an incredible amount of labor, coun- 
seling the president, encouraging the people, 
organizing regiments, hurrying troip-- t.) ihe 

field, forwarding stores, and inspiring all with 
the enthusiasm of his own earnestness. His 
labors for the relief of the soldiers and their 
dependent and needy families were held up as 
matters of emulation by the governors of other 
states, and the result of his efforts seconded by, 
the people was that during the war over 
$600,000 of moneys and supplies were col- 
lected and conveyed to Indiana soldiers in 
camp, field, hospital and prison. The limits 
■of a sketch like this forbid a detailed account 
of Gov. Morton's public acts. He displaced 
extraordinary industry and ability, and in his 
efforts in behalf of the soldier justly earned 
the title of "The Soldiers' Friend." The 
legislature of 1862 was not in accord with the 
political views of Gov. Morton, and it refused 
to receive his message, and in other ways 
treated him with want of consideration and 
respect. It was on the point of taking from 
him the command of the militia, when the 
republican members withdrew, leaving both 
houses without a quorum. In order to cany 
on the state government and pay the state 
bonds he obtained advances from banks and 
county boards, and appointed a bureau of 
finance, which for two years made all dis- 
bursements of the state, amounting to more 
than $ 1 , 000, 000. During this period he refused 
to summon the legislature, and the supreme 
court condemned his arbitrary course, but the 
people subsequently applauded his action. By 
assuminggreat responsibilities he kept the ma- 
chinery of the state in motion and preserved 
the financial credit of the commonwealth b}- 
securing advances through an eastern banking 
house to pay the interest on the public debt. 
In 1S64 he was again nominated for governor 
against Hon. Joseph E. McDonald, whom he 
defeated by an overwhelming majority. These 
two distinguished men made a joint canvass 
of the state, and passed through it with the 
utmost good feeling. 



In 1865 Gov. Morton received a partial 
paralytic stroke, affecting the lower part of the 
body, so that he never walked afterward 
without the use of canes. His mind, how- 
ever, was in no wise affected by the shock, 
but continued to grow stronger while he lived. 
In January, 1867, he was elected to the United 
States senate, and immediately thereafter re- 
signed the governorship to Conrad Baker, who 
served the remainder of the gubernatorial 
term. In 1873 he was re-elected to the senate 
and continued a leading member of that body 
while he lived. In the senate he ranked 
among the ablest members, was chairman of 
the committee on privileges and elections, 
was the acknowledged leader of the republi- 
cans, and for several years exercised a deter- 
mining influence over the course of the party. 
He labored zealously to secure the passage of 
the fifteenth amendment, was active in the 
impeachment proceedings against Andrew 
Johnson, and was the trusted adviser of the 
republicans of the south. In the national 
republican convention of 1876 he received 
next to the highest number of ballots for the 
presidential nomination, and in 1877 was a 
member of the celebrated electoral commis- 
sion. In 1870 President Grant offered Sena- 
tor Morton the English mission, which was 
declined. After visiting Oregon in the spring 
of 1877, as chairman of a committee to inves- 
tigate the election of Senator Grover, of that 
state, he suffered another stroke of paralysis, 
which terminated in his death, November ist, 
of the same year. The death of no man, with 
the exception of President Lincoln, ever cre- 
ated so much grief in Indiana as did that of 
Senator Morton, and he was mourned almost 
as much throughout the entire nation. On 
the 17th of the next January, Mr. McDonald 
offered in the senate a series of resolutions in 
relation to Senator Morton's death, which were 
unanimously adopted. In speaking on these 

resolutions, Mr. McDonald said: "Naturally 
combative and aggressive, intensely in earnest 
in his undertakings, and intolerant in regard 
to those who differed with him, it is not 
strange that while he held together his friends 
and followers with hooks of steel, he caused 
many, whose patriotism and love of country 
were as sincere and unquestioned as his own, 
to place themselves in political hostility to him. 
That Oliver P. Morton was a great man is 
conceded by all. In regard to his qualities as 
a statesman, men do differ now and always 
will. But that he was a great partisan leader 
— the greatest of his day and generation — will 
hardly be questioned, and his place in that 
particular field will not, perhaps, be soon sup- 
plied." Senator Burnside said: "Morton was 
a great man. His judgment was good, his 
power of research was great, his integrity was 
high, his patriotism was lofty, his love of 
family and friends unlimited; his courage 
indomitable." The following is from Senator 
Edmonds: "He was a man of strong passions 
and great talents, and as a consequence a 
devoted partisan. In the field in which his 
patriotism was exerted it may be said of him, 
as it was of the Knights of St. John, in the 
holy wars: 'In the fore front of every battle 
was seen his burnished mail and in the gloomy 
rear of every retreat was heard his voice of 
constancy and courage. ' " The closing speech 
upon the adoption of the resolutions was made 
by his successor, D. W. Voorhees, who used 
the following: "Senator Morton was without 
doubt a very remarkable man. His force of 
character cannot be over-estimated. His will 
power was simply tremendous. He threw 
himself into all his undertakings with that 
fixedness of purpose and disregard of obstacles 
which are always the best guarantees of 
success. This was true of him whether en- 
a lawsuit, organizing troops during 
e war, conducting a political campaign, or a 



debate in the senate. The same daring, 
aggressive policy characterized his conduct 

aONRAD BAKER, governor of Indiana 
from 1867 to 1873, was born in 
Franklin county, Penn., February 12, 
1817. He was educated at the Penn- 
sylvania college, Gettysburg, and read law at 
the office of Stevens & Smyser, and was ad- 
mitted to the bar in the spring of 1839, at 
Gettysburg, where he had a lucrative practice 
for two years. He came to Indiana in 1841, 
and settled at Evansville, where he practiced 
his profession until after the commencement 
of the rebellion. He was elected to the lower 
house of the general assembly of Indiana in 
1845, and served one session; elected judge of 
the district composed of the counties of Van- 
d^rburg and Warrick, in 1852, in which capac- 
ity he served about one year, when he re- 
signed. In 1856 he was nominated for 
lieutenant governor by the republican party, 
without his knowledge, on the ticket with 
Oliver P. Morton. They were defeated by 
Willard and Hammond. In 1861 Mr. Baker 
was commissioned colonel of the First cavalry 
regiment of Indiana vohmteers, which he or- 
ganized, and with which he served until Sep- 
tember, 1864, in which year he was elected 
lieutenant governor. In 1865 Gov. Morton 
convened the general assembly in special ses- 
sion, and immediately after delivering his mes- 
sage, started for Europe in quest of health, 
leaving Col. Baker in charge of the e.xecutive 
department of the state government. Gov. 
Morton was absent five months, during which 
time the duties of the executive office were 
performed by Lieut. Gov. Baker. In Febru- 
ary-, 1867, Gov. Morton was elected to the 
senate of the United States, in consequence of 

which the duties of governor devolved upon 
Mr. Baker. He was unanimously nominated 
by the republican convention of 1868, for 
governor, and was elected over Thomas A. 
Hendricks, by a majority of 961 votes. He 
served as governor with ability and dignity, 
until the inauguration of Mr. Hendricks in 
1873, since which time he has been engaged 
in the practice of law in Indianapolis, being a 
member of one of the strongest and most 
widely known firms in the state. 

son of Maj. John Hendricks, and the 
grandson of Abraham Hendricks, a 
descendant of the Huguenots, who 
emigrated to New Jersey and thence to Penn- 
sylvania prior to the Revolution. Abraham 
Hendricks was a man of remarkable force of 
character. He was elected to the Pennsyl- 
vania assembly first in 1792, and served four 
terms, the last ending in 1798. William Hen- 
dricks, second governor of Indiana, preceded 
his brother John in moving to this state from 
Ohio, and had gained much notoriety as a tal- 
ented and public man when Major John finally 
concluded to risk his fortunes in the wilds of 
the new west. John Hendricks, prior to 1829, 
resided with his family at Zanesville, Ohio. 
His wife, whose maiden name was Jane 
Thompson, and a niece, were the only mem- 
bers of the Thompson family who emigrated 
west, the others remaining in Pennsylvania 
and other eastern states, where some of them 
gained enviable reputations in law, medicine, 
politics and ministry. Shortly after their 
marriage John Hendricks and wife moved to 
Muskingum, Ohio, where they lived for some 
time in a rude log house — one story, one room, 



one door and two windows — built of round logs 
and chinked and dauted after the pioneer 
fashion. In this little domicile were born two 
sons, Abraham and Thomas A. The last 
named, Thomas A., was born September 7, 
1S19. The next year, 1820, lured by the 
brilliant career of William Hendricks, hereto- 
fore spoken of, Maj. John Hendricks, with his 
little family, removed to INIadison, Ind., then 
the metropolis of the state. Two years later 
the family removed to Shelby county, at that 
time a wilderness, and settled on the present 
site of Shelbyville. Here the father com- 
menced to erect a house and carve a career 
for their hopeful son, then scarcely three years 
of age. A dwelling was soon constructed, 
trees felled, and a farm opened, and the 
'Hendrxks house early became a favorite stop- 
ping place for all who saw fit to accept its hos- j 
pitalities. The future vice president received ■ 
his early educational training in the schools of 
Shelbwille, and among his first teachers was i 
the wife of Rev. Eliphalet Kent, a lady of ex- 
cellent culture, fine education, graceful, and 
nobly consecrated to the Master, to whom Mr. 
Hendricks was largely indebted for much of 
his training and success. Having completed 
his course in the common schools, he entered 
Hanover college in 1836, where he remained 
for Ihe greater part of the time until 1841. 
On leaving college he returned to Shelbyville, 
and commenced the study of law in the office 
of Stephen Major, then a young lawyer of 
brilliant attainments and considerable tact and 
experience. In 1S43 Mr. Hendricks went to 
Chambersburg, Penn., where he entered the 
law school, in which he had for an instructor 
a man of distinguished ability, extensive learn- 
ing, and much experience as judge of the six- 
teenth judicial district of that state. After 
eight months' arduous work in this institution, 
he returned to Shelbyville, passed an exam- 
ination, and was the sam.e )ear admitted to the 

bar. His first case was before Squire Lee, 
his opponent being Nathan Powell, a young 
acqaintance, who had opened up an of^ce 
about the same time. The case was a trivial 
one, yet the young attorneys worked hard and 
with the vim of old practitioners for their re- 
spective clients. Mr. Hendricks won, and 
after complimenting Mr. Powell upon his ef- 
fort, he gracefully served the apples which had 
been generously furnished by an enthusiastic 
spectator. Thus started the young advocate 
%vho was destined to become one of the na- 
tion's greatest and most beloved statesmen. 
In 1843, he formed the acquaintance of Miss 
Eliza Morgan, who was the daughter of a 
widow, living at North Bend, and two years 
later, September 26, 1845, the two were 
united in the bonds of wedlock. 

So soon as Mr. Hendricks emerged from 
boyhood, his success as a lawyer and public 
man was assured. Having established an 
ofSce in Shelbyville, he gained in a short time 
a fair .competence, and soon became one of 
the leading attorneys of the place. As an 
advocate he had few equals, and as a safe 
counselor none surpassed him at the Shelby 
county bar. In the year [848 Mr. Hendricks 
was nominated for the lower house of the gen- 
eral assembly, was elected after a brilliant 
canvass, and served his term with marked dis- 
tinction. In 1850 he was chosen a delegate 
to the state constitutional convention, in the 
deliberations of which he took an active part, 
having served on two very important commit- 
tees, and won distinction by a brilliant speech 
upon the resolution relative to the abolition of 
the grand jury system. The following year 
was the beginning of Mr. Hendricks' career in 
national politics. He was nominated for con- 
gress at Indianapolis, May 16, 185 1, over 
several other candidates, made a vigorous 
canvass, and was elected by a decided majority 
over Col. James P. Rush, the whig candidate. 



In congress he progressed with signal abiHty, 
and was called to tfct on some of the most 
important committees, and soon won a national 
reputation. Scarce had congress adjourned 
when he was required to make another cam- 
paign, for the constitution had transferred the 
congressional elections to even years, and the 
month to October. The whig candidate, John 
H. Bradley, of Indianapolis, was a brilliant 
man and a public speaker of rare attainments, 
whom Mr. Hendricks defeated by a largely 
increased majority. In 1854, when the north- 
ern whigs were in a chaotic condition, pro- 
slavery, anti-slavery, free-soilers, abolitionists, 
know-nothings and democrats commingling in 
a storm of confusion, a " fusion " state and 
congressional ticket was formed for the oc- 
casion. Opposed to Mr. Hendricks wasLucian 
Barbour, a talented lawyer of Indianapolis, 
who exerted himself to combine all the oppo- 
nents of democracy. Mr. Hendricks made a 
vigorous and manly contest, but was defeated, 
after which he retired to his profession and his 
home at Shelby ville. In 1855 he was ap- 
pointed by President Pierce general land com- 
missioner, in which capacity he served nearly 
four years, and i860 was nominated for gov- 
ernor of Indiana against Henry S. Lane. 
After a brilliant and able canvass, during 
which the two competitors spoke together in 
nearly every county in the state, defeat again 
came to Mr. Hendricks. In the same year he 
moved to Indianapolis, where he lived until 
his death. In January, 1863, he was elected 
to the United States senate, which position 
he held for six years. In 1872 he was again 
nominated for governor, his opponent being 
Gen. Thomas Brown, a man of ability 'and 
enviable reputation. This campaign was 
peculiar in one particular. The republicans 
had infused the crusaders with the idea that 
they were the salvation of their cause, while 
the democracy opposed all sumptuary laws. 

Yet Mr. Hendricks went before the people as 
a temperance man — opposed to prohibition, 
but willing to sign any constitutional legisla- 
tion looking toward the amelioration of crime 
and the advancement of temperance. He was 
elected and kept his pledges to the letter. He 
always kept his pledges inviolate, and ever 
remained true to his friends. He had a high 
sense of duty, and a spirit of philanthropy 
pervaded his whole nature. In 1876 he was 
nominated for the vice presidency on the dem- 
ocratic ticket with Samuel J. Tilden, of New 
York, and of this election it was claimed they 
were flagrantly defrauded by returning boards 
and the electoral commission. In 1880 the 
name of Thomas A. Hendricks was placed in 
nomination for the presidency at Cincinnati, 
by Indiana, and his nomination was strongly 
urged in the convention. In 1884 he was a 
delegate to the Chicago convention, and as 
chairman of the Indiana delegation presented 
in fitting terms and masterly manner the name 
of Joseph E. McDonald for the presidency. 
After the latter had positively refused to 
accept the second place on the ticket, Mr. 
Hendricks was unanimously chosen, and the 
successful ticket for 1884, the first in twenty- 
five years, became Grover Cleveland and 
Thomas A. Hendricks But few greater calam- 
ities ever befell the people than the death of 
Vice President Hendricks, which occurred on 
the 25th day of November, 1885, at his home 
in Indianapolis, of heart disease. Mr. Hen- 
dricks was one of the nation's greatest men; 
deep, broad-minded, diplomatic and, above all, 
a true man. His acts and speeches in con- 
gress, both in the house and senate, his defense 
of what he conceived to be right, his labors 
for the poor, the oppressed and the wronged 
of every class in this and other countries, were 
of great interest to his people and worthy of 
emulation by all. His devotion to his party, 
his candor and honesty of purpose, his noble 



ambition to serve the people faithfully, his. 
philanthropy and universal love of mankind, 
all combined to make him one of the noblest 
of men. Strong in his convictions, yet court- 
eous to opponents; great in intellect, yet 
approachable by the humblest of men; high in 
position, he met every man as his equal; 
independent in thought, self-reliant in prin- 
ciple, and rich in pleasant greeting to all whom 
he met; though dead, he yet lives in the hearts 
of the people, and his noble characteristics 
stand out in bold relief as beacon lights to 
guide and direct generations yet to be. 

>j»AMES D. WILLIAMS was bom in 
m Pickaway county, Ohio, January 1 6, 
A 1 i8o8, and moved with his parents to 
Indiana in i8i8, settling near the 
town of Vincennes, Knox county. He grew 
to manhood there, and upon" the death of his 
father, in 1828, the support of the family de- 
volved on him. He received a limited educa- 
tion in the pioneer log school-house, but, by 
mingling with the best people in the neighbor- 
hood, he obtained a sound practical knowledge 
of men and things, which, in a great measure, 
compensated for his early deficiency in liter- 
ary studies, so that when, on reaching his ma- 
jority, he was unusually well versed for one in 
his circumstances. He was reared a farmer, 
and naturally chose agriculture for his life 
work, and followed it with much more than 
ordinary success, until the close of his long 
and useful life. Gov. WilHams entered public 
life, in 1839, as justice of the peace, the duties 
of which he discharged in an eminently sartis- 
factory manner for a period of four years, re- 
signing in 1843. In the latter year he was 
elected to the lower house of the state legisla- 
ture, and from that time until his election to 
the national congress, in 1874, fie was almost 

continuously identified %\ith the legislative 
service of the state. Few men in Indiana 
have been so long in the public service, and 
few have been identified with more popular 
legislative measures than he. It is to him 
that the widows of Indiana are indebted for 
the law which allows them to hold, without 
administration, the estates of their deceased 
husbands, when they do not exceed $300 in 
value. He was the author of the law which 
distributed the sinking fund among the coun- 
ties of the state, and to him are the people 
largely indebted for the establishment of the 
state board of agriculture, an institution that 
has done much to foster and develop the agri- 
cultural interests of Indiana. He was a dele- 
gate to the national democratic convention at 
Baltimore in 1872, and in 1873 was the nomi- 
nee for United States senator against Oliver 
P. Morton, but the party being in the minor- 
ity, he was defeated. He served in the 
national house of representatives from Decem- 
ber, 1875, till December, 1876, when here- 
signed, having been elected governor in the 
latter year. The campaign of 1876 was a 
memorable one, during which the opposition, 
both speakers and press, ridiculed the demo- 
cratic nominee for governor, making sport of 
his homespun clothes and plain appearance, 
but the democracy seized upon his peculiari- 
ties and made them the watchwords of victory. 
Gov. Williams, or " Blue Jeans," as his friends 
were pleased to call him, was a man of the 
strictest integrity, and was known as a careful, 
painstaking executive, entering into the minut- 
est details of his office. He was self-willed 
and self-reliant, and probably consulted fewer 
persons about his official duties than any of 
his predecessors. In personal appearance, 
Gov. Williams was over six feet high, remark- 
ably straight, had large hands and feet, high 
cheek bones, long sharp nose, gray eyes, and 
a well formed head, covered profusely with 



black hair. He was courteous in his inter- 
course with others, a good conversationahst, 
and possessed in a very marked degree shrewd- 
ness and force of character. He died in the 
year iSSo. 

HLBERT G. PORTER.— Among the 
self-made men of Indiana, none stand 
higher or have a more noteworthy 
career than the distinguished gentle- 
man whose' name heads this sketch. Alberc 
G. Porter was born in Lawrenceburg, Ind. , 
April 20, 1824. He graduated at Asbury uni- 
versity in 1843, studied law, was admitted to 
the bar in 1845 and began to practice in 
Indianapolis, where he was councilman and 
corporation attorney. In 1853 he was ap- 
pointed reporter of the supreme court of Indi- 
ana, and was subsequently elected to the same 
position by a very large majority of the voters 
of the state. He was elected to congress 
from the Indianapolis district in 1858, on the 
republican ticket, overcoming an adverse 
democratic majority of 800, which he con- 
verted into a majority for himself of 1,000. 
Two years subsequently, he was re-elected by 
a smaller majority. On March 5, 1878, he 
was appointed first coniptroller of the United 
States treasury, which position he filled with 
distinguished ability until called therefrom to 
become a candidate for governor of Indiana on 
the republican ticket. He resigned, and en- 
tered into the campaign of 1880, which will 
ever be memorable in the history of the state. 
After a canvass of remarkable bitterness and 
excitement, in Vv^hich every inch of ground was 
stubbornly contested, Mr. Porter was elected 
governor by a handiome majority. He held 
the office from 18S1 to 1884. his administra- 
tion being regarded b_\' friend and foe, alike, 
as one of tlso ablest in the history of the state. 

Mr. Porter has for many years ranked as one 
of the ablest and most successful lawyers in 
Indiana, and his "Decisions of the Supreme 
Court of Indiana" (5 vols., 1853-6), are re- 
garded as among the best of their kind in the 
state. Besides his talent in politics and law 
Mr. Porter enjoys a literary reputation of no 
mean rank, attained chiefly from his law writ- 
tings and lectures. He is especially good 
authority on matters relating to pioneer his- 
tory in the west, and has in preparation a 
history of Indiana, which will undoubtedly 
rank as a classic in that line of literature. 
Mr. Porter also filled the position of United 
States minister to Rome, which high honor 
was conferred upon him by his friend, Presi- 
dent Benjamin Harrison. 

ISAAC P. GRAY is a native of Pennsyl- 
vania, having been born near Downing- 
town, in Chester county, October 18, 
1828. His father, John Gray, moved 
to Ohio and settled near Urbana, when Isaac 
was almost eight years old. Within a short 
time thereafter his parents removed to near 
Dayton, Ohio, but did not long remain there, 
when they moved to New Madison, Darke 
county, Ohio, where young Gray grew to man- 
hood and became proprietor of a dry goods 
store. He married Eliza Jaqua, a few years 
his junior, and the daughter of Judson and 

Jaqua, who resided about two miles from 

New Madison, in a neighborhood (which had 
a postofBce) called Yankee Town. Gray's 
parents are of Quaker descent, but they never 
adhered to the society. Their ancestors came 
over with William Penn and took a prominent 
part in early colonial times. On November 
30, 1855, Isaac P. located at Union City, Ind., 
his family then consisting of his wife and two 
baby boys, Pierre and Bayard S. From the 


time of his arrival he became one of the lead- 
ing citizens of the then -small town. He was 
always active, energetic and progressive, and 
no work or enterprise in the town was consid- 
ered without his advice and counsel, and in 
many cases financial co-operation. He always 
bore a prominent part in all public matters and 
was depended upon to speak for the interests 
of the place. 

He was engagrd in the dry goods business 
for a while after he came to Union City, then 
in the banking business, finally drifting into 
the law, where by reason of his pleasant 
speech, excellent judgment of human nature 
and the happy faculty of condensing and mak- 
ing plain his thought, he became a successful 

After a few years of practice in the law, 
however, the civil war came on, and Gray, 
being a strong unionist, was appointed colonel 
of the Fourth Indiana cavalry, which position 
he held from September 4, iS^G^, to February 
II, 1864. He also raised and organized the 
147th regiment Indiana volunteers, mustered 
in March 13, 1865, Col. Peden; mustered out 
August 4, 1865. He was also colonel of the 
105th Indiana (minute men). Served five 
days — July 12-17, 1S63. At the close of the 
war he became a banker, organizing with Hon. 
N. Cadwallader, the Citizen's bank, of which 
he is a prominent stockholder and vice presi- 
dent. In 1866 he was a candidate of the anti- 
Julian wing of the republican party for con- 
gress. Entered the law in 1868, and, was 
state senator of Randolph county in 1868—72, 
on the republican ticket, of which body he 
took position as a leading member. In 1870, 
he was appointed by President Grant consul to 
St. Thomas, West Indies, and confirmed by 
the senate, but declined. In 1872 he was ap- 
pointed a delegate at large for the state of 
Indiana to the national liberal republican con- 
vention at Cincinnati, and, by that conven- 

tion, was made the member, for the state of 
Indiana, of the liberal republican national e.x- 
ecutive committee. 

Dissatisfied with the administration of Gen. 
Grant, he joined the Greeley liberal move- 
ment in 1872, and from that time on acted 
with the democrats. In 1 876 the democratic 
state convention nominated him by acclama- 
tion for lieutenant governor, and he was elected 
to that office in October, 1876. In 1880 he 
was a candidate for governor before the demo- 
cratic state convention, and lost the nomina- 
tion by four votes, but was named by accla- 
mation a second time for lieutenant governor. 
In the general democratic defeat incurred in 
October, 1880, Col. Gray shared the catas- 
trophe. But, by the death of Gov. J. D. Wil- 
liams, in November, 1880, Lieut. Gov. Gray 
was promoted to the position of governor of 
Indiana, which honor he sustained with appro- 
priate dignity, addressing the legislature in 
perhaps the most voluminous message ever 
presented by any occupant of the gubernatorial 
chair to any legislative body. ' In 1884 he 
received the democratic nomination for gov- 
ernor, to which position he was triumphantly 
elected in the fall of that year, and for four 
years served in a manner so satisfactory to his 
partisan friends that he became the recognized 
leader of the democratic party in Indiana, and 
it has always been insisted by his supporters 
that bis name, on the ticket with Cleveland, 
in 1888, would have that year secured the 
presidency of the United States to the dem- 
ocratic party. In the spring of 1894 Mr. 
Gray was appointed by the Cleveland admin- 
istration United States minister to the republic 
of Mexico. 

Isaac Pusey Gray is a man about five feet 
ten inches high, well proportioned, and stands 
erect, with a semi-military carriage, and 
weighs about 180 pounds; his hair was black 
and curly, but is now somewhat tinged with 



gray; bold, prominent forehead; a full, frank, 
plump and florid face, strongly indicative of a 
high order of intelligence, and light blue eyes, 
beaming with good nature. His face is un- 
adorned, except with small chin whiskers. 
Suave of address and of kind disposition, he 
is always cordial and pleasant with strangers 
and extremely sociable among his friends and 
acquaintances. He enjoys the society of his 
friends. Perhaps one of the elements of his 
great popularity and steadfast hold upon his 
friends, is his freedom from any aristocratic 
reserve, and yet no'one has a keener sense of 
the demands of true dignity; a man of great 
decision and firmness, yet always respectful of 
others' feelings. The home Gray left in Union 
City was and is to-day one of its finest resi- 
dences, a spacious brick dwelling located on a 
large plat of ground. He has built and owned 
some of the best residence properties in the 
city. He took great pride in his house, which 
was nicely furnished and'supplied with a fine 
library, where he and his wife, v/ho were 
great readers, gratified their literary tastes. 

Mrs. Gray is a blonde of medium height, 
with gray eyes, well defined features, clear 
complexion, good figure, easy and graceful 
carriage. She is regarded as a fine looking 
lady, whose years rest upon her with becom- 
ing grace and dignity. By descent she comes 
from an honorable French family, whose an- 
cestors at an early date settled in New Eng- 
land and New York. 

His son Pierre, the elder, graduated at the 
Indiana State university in 1874 and his 
younger son, Bayard S., graduated at DePauw 
university in [876. Pierre followed his grad- 
uation by a course of law, and has ever- since 
practiced his chosen profession, except while 
he acted as private secretary to his father 
as governor, 1 88 5- 1 889. He is now associ- 
ated with his father, in the practice, at Indi- 
anapolis. Pierre was married, about the year 

1883, to Miss Kate Alma McDonald of Union 
City; they have no children. Bayard S. , 
after returning from his alma mater, studied 
in his father's law office, but soon thereafter 
took up journalism, in which he made a brill- 
iant success. He has however abandoned 
that field and located in Chicago, where ha is 
again at the law. Like his father. Bayard S. 
has a taste for politics, and being a fluent 
speaker, with an unlimited vocabulary, he has 
taken a more or less active part in politics 
since his majority. Since his removal to Chi- 
cago he has achieved considerable prominence 
and is now regarded as one of their public 

HLVIN P. HOVEY.— This gentleman, 
who was elected governor of Indiana 
in 1888, has had a notable career, 
both civil and military. He was 
bom in 1821, in Posey county, Ind. , where he 
has spent his whole life. After a common 
school education, he studied law and was ad- 
mitted to the Mt. Vernon bar in 1843, where 
he has practiced with success. The civil posi- 
tions he held previous to the war were those 
of delegate to the constitutional convention of 
1850; judge of the third judicial circuit of Indi- 
ana from 1851 to 1854, and judge of the su- 
preme court of Indiana. From 1856 to 1858 
he served as United States district attorney 
for the state During the civil war he entered 
the national service as colonel of the Twenty- 
fourth Indiana volunteers, in July, 1 861. He 
was promoted brigadier general of volunteers 
on April 28, 1862, and brevetted major general 
for meritorious and distinguished services in 
July, 1864. He was in command of the east- 
ern district of Arkansas in 1S63, and of the 
district of Indiana in 1864-1S65. Gen. Grant, 
in his official reports, awards to Gen. Hovey 



the honor of the key battle of the Vicksburg 
campaign, that of Chafripion's Hill. This is 
no small prize; also, it is remembered that 
military critics, in view of the vast conse- 
quences that flowed therefrom, have ranked 
Champion's Hill as one of the five decisive 
battles of the civil war, and second in impor- 
tance to Gettysburg alone. Gen. Hovey re- 
signed his commission on October i8, 1865, 
and was appointed minister to Peru, which 
office he held until 1870. In 1S86 he was 
nominated for. congress by the republicans in 
the Evansville district, which heretofore had 
steadily given a large democratic majority. 
Gen. Hovey's personal popularity and military 
prestige overcame this, and he was elected by 
a small majority. In congress, he attracted 
attention by his earnestness in advocating 
more liberal pension laws, and every measure 
for the benefit of the ex-Union soldiers. 
Largely to this fact was due his nomination 
for the governorship of Indiana, by the repub- 
lican party in 1888, the soldier element of the 
state being a very important factor in securing 
his nomination, and his subsequent election. 
In his social relations. Gov. Hovey has always 
been very popular, and his family circle is one 
of the happiest in the state. Though a strong 
partisan, he is never abusive or vindictive, and 
at every trial of strength at the polls he has 
received strong support from many personal 
friends in the ranks of the opposite party. 

IRA. J. CHASE was born in Clarkson, 
Monroe county, N. Y. , December 7, 
1834. His father, Benjamin Chasfe, 
moved into Orleans county, where most 
of Ira's years were spent up to the age twenty. 
After leaving the public school of that day, 
he attended the Milan (Ohio) seminary and 
Medina academy. At twenty he accompanied I 

. his father to Illinois, driving a team much of 
the time alone through Michigan and Indiana, 
landing in Chicago in the spring of 1855. 
Farming, merchandising and school teaching 
filled up the time until the war broke out. In 
1857 he united with the Christian church. 
March 24, 1859, he married Miss Rhoda J. 
Castle, of Cook county. In 1861 he was the 
first man to enlist in the town of Barrington, 
111. He assisted in raising a company of men 
and was unanimously elected first lieutenant. 
The enlistments were so numerous that the 
government could not accept them all, and 
the organization disbanded, a part going into 
company C, Nineteenth Illinois, June 17, 1861, 
of which Chase was made sergeant. This 
regiment saw hard and continuous service from 
the start, being always on the move, serving 
in Missouri, Kentucky and Tennessee the first 
year of the war. While in camp at Elizabeth- 
town, Ky. , he heard the news of the birth of 
his second child. He was appointed drill ser- 
geant and placed on special duty, owing to 
poor health. In this capacity the Eighteenth 
O. V. I. officers invited him to aid in drilling 
their men, as they were fresh from the farms 
of their state. A petition, signed by Col. 
Stanley, Lieut. Col. Grim, for years chief 
justice of Iowa, and Major C. H. Grosvenor, 
famous as a soldier and statesman, was pre- 
sented to the field officers of the Nineteenth 
Illinois, asking for his transfer to a lieutenancy 
in the Eighteenth Ohio. This was endorsed 
by Gen. J. B. Turchin, brigade commander, 
and by Maj. Gen. O. M. Mitchell, division 
commander, but denied by Maj. Gen. Buell, 
department commander. Our soldier was in 
the siege of Nashville, 1862; was discharged 
and returned home from Nashville in 1863, 
and entered into business, but sold out, owing 
to a long and very serious illness of his wife, 
that left her blind and lame for years. He 
prepared himself for the ministry and became 



pastor of the Christian church in Miskawaka 
in 1867, and has serv'ed at La Porte, ^^'abash 
and Danville. For a period of time he la- 
bored in Pittsburg and Peoria. He- has been 
prominent in G. A. R. circles, was twice de- 
partment chaplain and once department com- 
mander. In 1886, while in California, he was 
nominated for congress by the fifth district. 
Upon his return he accepted and made his 
first political campaign. Col. C. C. Matson had 
received his fourth nomination. His average 
majority for the three terms previous had been 
about 1,800. In 1886 it was 532. In 1888 
Mr. Chase was spoken of for governor, and 
though there was no activity manifested, re- 
ceived a handsome vote. Gen. Hovey was 
nominated and private Chase was nominated 
for lieutanant governor by acclamation. He 
served two terms as presiding officer of the 

On the death of Gen. Hovey he served the 
state as governor from November 24, I 89 1, to 
January 8, 1893. At the state convention 
called by the republicans to nominate state 
officers. Gov. Chase was nominated by accla- 
mation to succeed himself. He entered into i 
the campaign with all the earnestness of his 
nature, and everywhere it has been said that 
no man ever fought a harder fight. 

aLAUDE MATTHEWS, who at this 
time fills most acceptably the office 
of governor of Indiana, was born in 
Bethel, Bath county, Ky. , December 
14, 1845. His father, Thomas A. Matthews, 
was a farmer, and also for a time a commis- 
sion merchant at Maysville. His paternal 
grandfather, Capt. George Matthews, com- 
manded a company of soldiers at the battle of 
the River Thames, in the war of 1S12, 
Through his mother, Eliza (Fletcher) Mat- 

thews, Mr. Matthews traces his origin to 
one of the most worthy names in the common- 
wealth, and his maternal grandfather, Jeflerson 
Fletcher, represented the Bath district in the 
national house of representatives in the days 
of Henry Clay: Young Matthews attended such 
schools as the county of his nativity afforded 
until his fifteenth year, then removed to Mason 
county, Ky. , his father having purchased a 
farm near Maysville. Here the schools were 
of a better class, and he availed himself of 
their advantage by riding six miles each way 
daily. In 1863 he entered Center college, 
Danville, Ky., where he graduated in June, 
1867. January i, 1868, he married Miss 
Martha Renick Whitcomb, only daughter of 
James Whitcomb, one of the honored govern- 
ors of this state, from 1843 to 1849. The 
marriage took place in Ross county, Ohio, 
where Mrs. Matthews is connected on her 
mother's side with the Renicks, well known for 
their wealth and public spirit. The young 
people moved to Vermillion county, Ind., in 
1869, where Mr. Matthews settled down to 
the occupation he had chosen for his life work, 
the useful and honest calling of farming. His 
capacity for public affairs, and the evidence he 
gave of sensible ideas as to public needs, led 
to his selection by the democrats of V'ermillion 
county, in 1877, as their candidate for repre- 
tentative in the legislature. That he was well 
appreciated by his neighbors was shown by 
some five hundred republicans of his county 
\oting for him, and he had the honor of being 
the first democrat elected from that county of 
heavy adverse majorities. His record in the 
legislature is a fine one, and in 1880 he had 
a strong following for lieutenant governor. In 
1 882 Mr. Matthews was a candidate for state 
senator in his district, and cut down "the 
republican majority of 900 to 300. In August, 
1890, he was nominated by the democrats for 
secretary of the state and triumphantly elected 



at the ensuing election, his pluraHty reaching 
the astonishing and almost unparalled figure 
of 20,000, in round numbers. His conduct of 
the office of secretary of state was so satisfac- 
tory to the people, that he was called upon to 
head the democratic state ticket in 1892. 
Although being a candidate before the state 
convention for renomination as secretary of 
state, he was nominated candidate for gov- 
ernor, and in the following November elected 
to that office by a plurality of nearly 7,000, 
leading the state ticket by several hundred 
votes, and higher than the average upon the 
electoral vote. He was inaugurated governor 
January 9, 1893. and is now, with the same 
earnestness and conscientious regard of public 
duty, performing the work of that office. Gov. 
Matthews, while faithfully attending to his 
duties as a state officer, still keeps up his 
interest in farming and the class of workers to 
which he belongs. He has done much in the 
way of improving the breeds of cattle and 
domestic animals by importing valuable speci- 
mens, and \\as the founder of the Short Horn 
Breeders' association of Indiana, the first asso- 
ciation of the kind ever organized in the 
United States. He was also originator of the 
American Short Horn association of the United 
States and Canada. While his business is 
that of farming, he is, nevertheless, a fluent 
speaker, and withal a man of fine address and 
genial manners. Mr. Matthews has three 
children; the eldest. Mary, is the wife of Sen- 
ator Cortez Ewing, of Greensburg; Renick 
Seymour Matthews, who, after a course 
in the Rose Polytechnic institute, is fitting 
himself in electrical engineering, and Miss 
Helen, an accomplished young lady. Mr. 
Matthews is a man of positive character and 
strong intellect, and no man is more loyal in 
his citizenship, more faithful in his friendship, 1 
more devoted in his home life, or more worthy [ 
the regard of his fellow men. I 


ALLER TAYLOR, one of the first 
senators from Indiana, after her 
admission as a state, was born in 
Lunenburg county, Va. , before 
1786, and died there before 1S26. He re- 
ceived a common school education, studied 
law, and served one or two terms in the Virginia 
legislature as a representative from Lunenburg 
county. In 1805 he settled in Vincennes, 
Ind, having been appointed a township judge. 
He served as aid de camp to Gen. William H. 
Harrison at the battle of Tippecanoe, and in 
the war of 1S12-15. On the admission of In- 
diana as a state, he was elected United States 
senator, and at the close of his term was re- 
elected, serving from December 12, 1 8 16, un- 
til March 3. 1825. He was a man of fine lit- 
erary attainments and a prominent political 
leader ot his da\-. 

>Y*AMES NOBLE was the son of Thomas 
m T. Noble, who moved from Virginia to 
n 1 Kentucky, near the close of the eight- 
eenth century. James Noble grew to 
manhood in Kentucky, and after his marriage, 
which was consummated before he had at- 
tained his majority, began the study of law in 
the office of Mr. Southgate, of Covington. 
After finishing his legal studies and being ad- 
mitted to the bar, he removed to Brookville, 
Ind., and commenced the practice of his pro- 
fession, and soon became known as one of the 
mose successful lawyers and most eloquent ad- 
vocates of the Whitewater country. When 
Indiana became a state Mr. Noble represented 
Franklin county in the constitutional conven- 
tion, in which he was chairman of the legisla- 
tive and judiciary committees. In August, 
1 8 10, he was elected a member of the first 
legislature under the state government, which 
met at Corvdon, November, 18 16, and ad- 



journed January, 1817. November 8, 1816, 
the general assembly, by a joint vote, elected 
James Noble and Waller Taylor to represent 
Indiana in the senate of the United States. 
"In the senate Gen. Noble had for associates 
the ablest men the country has yet produced. 
He was not dwarfed by their stature, but 
maintained a respectable standing among 
them." He remained in the senate until his 
death, which occurred February 26, 1S31. 
Mr. Noble was a large, well proportioned man 
of fine address and bearing. He was a good 
lawyer and as a speaker was very effective be- 
fore a jury or promiscuous assembly. Person- 
ally he was quite popular and his warm heart 
and generous nature made him the idol of the 
people of his section of the state. 

^'^EN. JOHN TIPTON was born m 
■ ^^ Sevier county, Tenn., August 14, 
\^^f 1786, and was the son of Joshua 
Tipton, a native of Maryland, a man 
who possessed great positiveness of character, 
with keen preceptions and uncommon execu- 
tive ability. These peculiarities induced him 
to remove from his native state and settle in a 
home further west, where he afterward became 
a leader in the defense of the frontier against 
the hostile Indians. He was murdered by the 
savages on the i8th of April, 1793. Left thus 
early in life in the midst of a frontier settle- 
ment, surrounded by the perils incident there- 
to, the son, inheriting the sagacity and self-re- 
liance of his father, soon began to develop 
that positive energy of character which dis- 
tinguished his after life. In the fall of" 1807, 
with his mother and two sisters and a half- 
brother, he removed to Indiana territory and 
settled near Bringley's Ferry, on the Ohio river, 
where he purchased a homestead of fifty acres, 
which he paid for out of his scanty earnings, 

making rails at fifty cents a hundred. These 
early experiences laid the foundation of 
his future success in life. June, -1809, he en- 
listed in a company recruited in his neighbor- 
hood, which was soon afterward ordered to 
the frontier for the protection of the settle- 
ments. September, 181 1, the company en- 
tered the campaign which terminated in the 
battle of Tippecanoe. Early in that memor- 
able engagement all his superior officers were 
killed, and he was promoted to the captaincy, 
when the conflict was at its height. Subse- 
qnently he rose, by regular gradation, to the 
rank of brigadier general. At the first elec- 
tion under the state constitution he was 
chosen sheriff of Harrison county, which posi- 
tion he filled two terms, and in 18 19 was 
elected to represent this county in the state 
legislature. While a member of that body he 
served on the committe to select a site for 
the location of the state capital, which selec- 
tion was made in June, 1820, and approved 
January, 1821. He was re-elected in 1S21, 
and at the following session was chosen one of 
the commissioners to locate the boundary line 
between the states of Indiana and Illinois. In 
March, 1S23, he was appointed by Pres. Mon- 
roe general agent for the Pottawatamie and 
Miami Indians on the upper Wabash and Tip- 
pecanoe rivers, and immediately thereafter 
moved to Fort Wayne, the seat of the agency. 
At his instance the agency was removed from 
Ft. Wayne to Logansport, in the spring of 
1828, where he continued to discharge the 
functions of his trust with fidelity and success. 
At the session of the legislature, December, 
1831, he was elected United States senator 
from Indiana, to fill the vacancy occasioned 
by the death of Hon. James Noble, and was 
re-elected at the session of 1832-33, for a full 
term of six years. While a member of that 
distinguished body, he was noted for the 
soundness of his judgment and the independ- 



ence of his actions on all questions involving 
the interests of the state or general govern- 
ment. He opposed the views of President 
Jackson in reference to the re-charter of the 
United States bank, and recognized no party 
in determining the line of duty, always acting 
from motives of public right. As a civilian 
and citizen, he was alike successful in direct- 
ing and executing, to the e.xtent of his power, 
whatever purpose his conscience approved or 
his judgment dictated. After locating in 
Logansport he directed his energies toward 
the development of the natural resources of 
that town and surrounding country, and to 
him more than to any other man is due the 
credit of supplying the settlements with grist 
and saw-mills and other improvements, and 
for taking the initial step which led to the or- 
ganization of the Eel river seminary, at that 
time one of the best known educational insti- 
tutions of northern Indiana. He was also pro- 
prietor of four additions to the town of Lo- 
gansport and was interested with Mr. Carter 
in the plan and location of the original plat 
thereof. Mr. Tipton was twice married, the 
first time to Miss Shields, who died within two 
years after their marriage. The second time 
was in April, 1825, to Matilda, daughter of 
Capt. Spier Spencer, who was killed at the 
battle of Tippecanoe. The second Mrs. Tip- 
ton died in the spring of 1839, about the close 
of her husband's senatorial career. Gen. Tip- 
ton closed an honorable life on the morning 
of April 5, 1839, in the full meridian of his 
usefulness, and received the last sad honors of 
his masonic brethern on Sunday, April 7, 

[ elected sheriff of the eastern district of Indiana 
j in 1S09, and held the position until the organ- 
j ization of the state government. He was 
j afterward appointed register of the land office, 
and removed to Indianapolis in 1825. In 
1 83 1 he was appointed United .States senator, 
to fill the unexpired term caused by the death 
of James Noble, and served with credit in that 
capacity from December, of the above year, 
until January 3, 1S32. when his successor took 
his seat. He was afterward elected a member 
of the state senate, but suffered defeat, when 
making the race for re-election. He was acci- 
dentally killed by a railroad train while walk- 
ing on the track at Indianapolis, November 19, 

,V^ OBERT HANNA was born in Laur- 

I /<^ ens district, S. C, April 6, 17S6, 

I 9 and removed with his parents to 

Indiana in an early day, setiing in 

Brookville as long ago as 1802. He was 

man and senator, was born on 
Smith's island, near Trenton, N. J., 
October 23, 1794. He attended 
school near his home at intervals until 181 3, 
at which time, owing to the death of his 
father, he was thrown upon his own resources. 
He afterward found employment in a woolen 
mill in Pennsylvania, and on attaining his 
majority, received $1,500 from his father's 
estate, which he soon lost in an unfortunate 
business investment. Mr. Smith came to In- 
diana in 1S17. and settled at Rising Sun, Ohio 
count}', but, in a short time, moved to 
Lawrenceburg. and began the study of law. 
In March. 1S20. he was licensed to practice, 
and soon afterward removed to 'Versailles, Ripley 
county, where he opened an office, but, be- 
coming dissatisfied with the location, in a few 
months he located at Connersville, thence in 
1839 moved to the state capital. In August, 
1822, he was elected to the legislature from 
Fayette county, and while a member of that 
body served as chairman of the judiciary com- 
mitttee, an important position, and one usually 



given to the ablest lawyer of the body. In 
1824 he was appointed proseculor of the third 
judicial district, and in 1826, became a candi- 
date for congress against Hon. John Test, who 
had represented the district for three full terms. 
He made a vigorous canvass, and defeated his 
popular competitor by 1,500 majority. Mr. 
Smith served with distinction in congress, and 
was ever attentive and industrious in his pub- 
lic duties. In December, 1836-, he was a can- 
didate for United States senator, his cempeti- 
tors being IS'oah Noble, William Hendricks and 
Ratliff Boon. He was elected on the ninth 
ballot. In the senate, Mr. Smith was chair- 
man of the committee on public lands, and 
took great pride in the place, which he tilled 
with distinguished ability. In 1842 he was a 
candidate for re-election, but was defeated by 
Edward A. Hannegan; in March, 1843, his 
senatorial services terminated. Soon after his 
return home, his attention was directed to 
railroads, and Indianapolfs is mainly indebted 
to him for the building of the Indianapolis & 
Bellfonte road, now known as the "Bee Line." 
In 1857 he commenced writing a series of 
sketches for the Indianapolis Journal on early 
times in Indiana, which attracted much atten- 
tion, and which were afterward brought out in 
book form. This volume is valuable as a rec- 
ord of early Indiana times, and contains 
much information not otherwise noted. Mr. 
Smith died March 19, 1859. As a poHtical 
speaker, he exhibited much the same qualities 
and powers of master}' that he did as a forensic 
speaker, but he was less successful on the 
stump, because argument and close reasoning, 
which were his mode of dealing with political 
questions, were not as popular as anecdotal 
and declamatory style. "As a lawyer, Mr. 
Smith was ever true to the interests of his client, 
and in the prosecution of his cases in court, he 
displayed much zeal and earnestness. He was 
an honest opponent, and very liberal in his 

practice, and yet very capable, and sometimes 
ready to seize upon the weakness or oversight 
on an adversary. His career at the bar was a 
successful one, and he well merited the high 
tribute paid to his memory at 'the time of his 
death: "In person, Mr. Smith was five feet 
ten inches in height and weighed about 180 
pounds. He was broad chested, and large 
from the waist up His eyes were dark, his 
hair was black and stood up upon his head. 
He had large shaggy eyebrows, and the general 
contour of his features denoted energy, pluck 
and endurance. His place is in the front rank 
of the great men of Indiana." 

HLBERT S. WHITE, one of the most 
scholarly of Indiana's distinguished 
men, was born in Blooming Grove, 
N. Y., October 24, 1803. He gradu- 
ated from Union college, that state, in 1S22, 
in the same class with Hon. William H. Sew- 
ard, and after studying law for some time at 
Newburg, was licensed to practice his pro- 
fession in 1825. Soon after this, he came to 
Indiana and located at Rushville, thence one 
year later, moved to Paoli and subsequently 
took up his permanent abode in Lafayette. 
In 1 8 30 and 1 83 1 he was assistant clerk of 
the Indiana house of representatives, and 
served as clerk of the same from 1832 to 1835. 
In 1833 he was a candidate for congress against 
Edward H. Hannegan, by whom he was de- 
feated. "He had neither the brilliancy nor 
the eloquence of Mr. Hannegan, but was the 
superior of that erratic man in education, cul- 
ture and in most of the qualities which go to 
make up the successful man." In 1S37 he 
was more successful, having been elected to 
congress by an overwhelming majority over 
Nathan Jackson. The year previous, he was 
on the whig electoral ticket, and in the elec- 



toral college cast his vote for William Henry 
Harrison. In 1S39 he^was elected to succeed' 
Gen. John Tipton in the United States sen- 
ate, the struggle having been an animated one, 
requiring thirty-si.\ ballots divided among Mr. 
White, Noah Noble and Col. Thomas H. 
Blake. He entered the senate a young man, 
but his training eminently fitted him for the 
duties of that distinguished body, in the delib- 
erations of which he bore an active part. He 
strenuously opposed the annexation of Texas, 
as he did every measure which was calculated 
to extend the'area of slavery. "He was of a 
conservative temperament, and usually voted 
with the moderate men of his party, but he 
was conscientiously an anti-slavery man and 
always acted with those who strove to confine 
slavery to the territory it then polluted." He 
was active in securing grants of land to aid in 
the extension of the Wabash & Erie canal, 
and took a prominent part in shaping legislation 
to promote other internal improvements. On 
the expiration of his term, Mr. White resumed 
the practice of law, but soon abandoned the 
profession and entered actively into the busi- 
ness of railroad building. He was president 
of the Indianapolis & Lafayette railroad from 
its organization until 1 8 56, and during a part 
of that time was at the head of the Wabash 
& Western railway. In i860 he was again 
called into public life as a member of congress, 
where his thorough knowledge of political and 
state affairs soon enabled him to take high 
rank. He was made chairman of a select com- 
mittee, raised to consider the question of com- 
pensated emancipation, and also reported a 
bill appropriating $180,000,000 to pay loyal 
men for their slaves, and $20,000,000 to aid 
in the colonization of freedmen. His con- 
gressional career was eminently honorable, but 
he failed of a renomination, mainly on account 
of his action in regard to the emancipation 
question. In January, 1864, he was appointed 

by President Lincoln United States judge for 
the district of Indiana, to fill the vacancy 
caused by the death of Hon. Caleb B. Smith. 
He soon adapted himself to his new position, 
and had he lived, would have proved a worthy 
successor of "his eminent predecessor. His 
term was cut short by his death, which oc- 
curred on the 4th day of September, 1S64. 
" Mr. White had but little in common with the 
typical western pioneer, and it is therefore 
somewhat strange that he should have reached 
the eminence he did. He never sunk his man- 
hood nor lowered his self-respect, by trying to 
get down to the level of every man that ap- 
proached him. He was in no sense a dema- 
gogue, and never sought to curry favor by 
pretending to be what he was not. He was 
alwa\-s dignified and always a gentleman." In 
personal appearance, Mr. \\'hite was below 
the medium height, quite spare and had a nar- 
row visage with a prominent Roman nose. 
Physically he was weak, but intellectually 
ranked with the strong men of the state and 
nation. "He was one of the first men of the 
Wabash countr}-, and of the state, and his 
name will not be forgotten %\hile learning and 
scholarship are cherished and honor and pat- 
riotism revered." 

eDWARD A. HANXEGAN was a na- 
ti\e of Ohio, but in early life moved 
to Kentuck}-. and settled at Lexing- 
ton, where he grew to manhood. He 
received a liberal education, and after several 
years spent in the study of law, was admitted 
to practice at the Lexington bar at the early 
age of twenty-three. Not long after this he 
settled at Covington, Ind., where he opened 
an office and practiced his profession with flat- 
tering success for a number of years. He 
soon entered the political arena and ere long 



was honored by an election to the state legis- 
lature, in the deliberations of which he soon 
took an active and brilliant part. His career 
in the legislature brought him into prominent 
notice, and in January, 1S33, he was elected 
to the congress of the United States, defeating 
Albert S. White, afterward his colleague in the 
senate. In 1840 he was again a candidate for 
congress, but after a very exciting contest was 
defeated by Hon. Henry S. Lane, afterward 
governor and United States senator. In 1S42, 
much to the surprise of every one, Mr. Han- 
negan was elected United States senator, de- 
feating Oliver H. Smith and Tilghman A. 
Howard on the si.xth ballot. He took his seat 
in the senate on the 4th of December, 1843, 
and served until March 4, 1849, during which 
time he made several speeches which attracted 
the attention of the country. While a mem- 
ber of that body his ^■otes were always in 
accord with his party. In March, 1849, Pres- 
ident Polk nominated him for minister to Prus- 
sia, but being unfit for diplomacy by nature 
and habit it is no wonder that his career at 
Berlin added nothing to the character of the 
government he represented. He was recalled 
■the ne.xt January, and with that recall the pub- 
lic life of the brilliant but erratic statesman 
ended. He returned to his home at Coving- 
ton, and the next year was defeated in a race 
for the legislature, which he took much to 
heart and which served to drive him further 
into the convivial habits which ultimately 
proved his ruin. The habit of drink con- 
tinued to grow upon him until in a fit of 
drunken frenzy he took the life of one whom 
he dearly loved — his brother-in-law, Capt. 
Duncan. The two had been drinking deeply 
and angry words passed between them. Mr. 
Hannegan finally went into a separate apart- 
ment, but was followed b\- Capt. Duncan, who 
applied some bitter epithets to him and 
slapped him in the face. Upon this Mr. Han- 

negan seized a dagger and buried it to the 
hilt in Duncan's body, the effect of which was 
death the following day. He was not indicted 
and tried for this killing, the universal senti- 
ment of the people being in his favor. He re- 
moved to St. Louis, in 1 8 57. and on the 25th 
of January, 1859, he died in that city. Mr. 
Hannegan was warm in his friendships and 
had a large personal following. His manners 
were elegant, and he was ardent, impulsive 
and undaunted, thinking, acting and speaking 
with the utmost freedom. In person he was 
below the medium height, firmly and compact- 
ly built, but in after years became quite cor- 
pulent. He was a charming companion, and 
as an orator was more eloquent than logical. 
' ■ He was not a profound man nor a great 
scholar, but what he lacked in profundity he 
made up in brilliancy, and his deficiency in 
scholarship was largely compensated for by 
his quick wit and fertile imagination, and his 
power to express himself in the choicest lan- 
guage. He was of Irish descent, and inherited 
many of the characteristics of that warm- 
hearted, impulsive race. " 

>^ESSE D. BRIGHT, for twenty years a 
M leading politician of Indiana, was born 
nj in Norwich, N. Y. , December iS, 1S12, 
and came to this state when a boy, lo- 
cating with his parents at Madison, where he 
grew to manhood's estate. He received an 
academic education, and after a preparatory 
course of reading was admitted to the bar, 
where his talents soon won for him a conspic- 
uous place among the successful lawyers of 
Indiana. He was not profound in the philos- 
ophy of jurisprudence, but. being a fluent 
speaker and quite popular with the people, he 
succeeded in gaining a lucrative practice, which 
extended throughout the counties of the lower 



Wabash and elsewhere. He was elected 
judge of probate in Jefferson county, and sub- 
sequently received the appointment of United 
States marshal for Indiana, and it was while 
holding the latter office that he laid the found- 
ation of his political career. In the 'forties, 
he made the race for the state senate against 
Williamson Dunn and Shadrack Wilber, whom 
he defeated, and in that body was soon recog- 
nized as the leader of the party. In fact, he 
was a born leader of men, and ahvavs stood 
at the fore-front of the line, 'in 1S43 he was 
lieutenant governor on the ticket with James 
Whitcomb, and such was the ability he dis- 
played in the discharge of the duties of that 
position that the senators and representatives, 
with all of whom he sustained relations of the 
warmest friendship, afterward elected him to 
the senate of the United States. At this time 
he was barely eligible to a seat in the senate, 
on account of his age, being the youngest man 
ever elected to that distinguished body. In 
1850, he was a candidate for re-election 
against Hon. Robert Dale Owen, who subse- 
quently withdrew from the contest, thus mak- 
ing Mr. Bright's election without opposition. 
In 1856, his term having expired, he again 
sought a re-election, which was granted him 
after a memorable contest which was decided 
by the United States senate, in a strictly party 
vote. In the senate, Mr. Bright ranked high 
as a committee worker, and enjoyed a great per- 
sonal popularity. Such was his standing that 
on the death of \'ice President King, in 1-853. 
he was elected president pro tempore of the 
senate, which he filled with ability until the 
inauguration of John C. Breckinridge, in 1857. 
In the latter year, when forming his cabinet. 
President Buchanan offered Mr. Bright the 
secretaryship of state, which position he saw- 
fit to decline. He continued a senator until 
1S62, when he was e.xpelled for disloyalty, b\' 
a vote of thirty-two to fourteen. The princi- 

pal proof of his crime was in recommending to 
Jefferson Davis, in March, 186 1, Thomas Lin- 
coln, of Te.xas, a person desirous of furnishing 
arms to the confederacy. Mr. Bright organized 
and led the Breckinridge party in Indiana in 
1S60, and in stumping for the brilliant young 
Kentuckian gave the movement all the force 
and vitality it had in this state. He left Indi- 
ana soon after the legislature of 1863 refused 
to return him to the United States senate, and 
took up his residence in Kentucky, in the legis- 
lature of which state he subsequently served 
two terms. In 1874 he removed to Balti- 
more, in which city he died on the 20th of 
May, 1875, of organic disease of the heart. 
Mr. Bright had a splendid physique, and 
weighed about 200 pounds. He had a good 
head and a good face, but was imperious in 
manner and brooked no opposition from either 
friend or foe. "He was the Danton of Indiana 
democracy, and was both loved and feared by 
his followers." 

>J*0HN PETTIT was born at Sackett's 
J Harbor, N. Y., July 24, 1807, and 
«J died in Lafayette, Ind.,June 17, 1877. 
After receiving a classical education 
and studying law, he was admitted to the bar 
in 1S38, and commenced the practice of his 
profession at Lafayette, Ind. He soon became 
active in state politics, was in the legislature 
two terms and served as United States district 
attorney. He was elected to congress as a 
democrat in 1S42, re-elected to the ne.xt con- 
gress and served with distinguished ability in 
that body from December 4, 1843, to March 
3. 1S49. He was a democratic elector in 
1S52, and in January, 1853, was chosen 
United States senator to fill the une.xpired 
term occasioned by the death of James Whit- 
comb, serving as such until March 3, iS;<; 


during which time he earned the reputation of 
an able and painstaking legislator. In 1S59 
he was appointed, by James Buchanan, chief 
justice of Kansas, and in 1870 was elected 
supreme judge of Indiana. He was a delegate 
to the Chicago democratic convention in 1864, 
and as a political leader wielded a strong in- 
fluence in Indiana in a number of state and 
national contests. He was renominated for 
supreme judge in 1876, but owing to scandals 
connected with the court, which excited popu- 
lar indignation, he was forced off the ticket, 
and the name of Judge Perkins substituted. 

aHARLES W. CATHCART, of whose 
public and private history but little is 
now known, was born on the island 
of Madeira, in 1809. He received a 
liberal education and early in life shipped as a 
sailor, and after a number of years spent on 
the sea, located, in 1831, at LaPorte, Ind., 
where he engaged in farming. He served sev- 
eral years as land surveyor, was a representa- 
tive in the legislature, and in 1845 was an 
elector on the democratic ticket. He was 
elected to the congress of the United States 
in 1845-47, re-elected the latter year to serve 
until 1849, and was afterward appointed to 
fill the une.xpired term occasioned by the 
death of James Whitcomb. He served as 
senator from December 6, 1852, to March 3, 
1853, and at the expiration of his term re- 
turned to LaPorte county, where his death 
subsequently occurred. 

y^^ RAHAM N. FITCH was born in Le 
■ ^X Roy, Genesee county, N. Y. , on the 
^^9 5th of December, 18 10, and is said 
to have been the first white child 
born in that town. His grandfather was a 

soldier in the revolutionary war, and his 
father, a soldier in the war of 1812, was 
wounded in the battle of Queenstown. Mr. 
Fitch received a liberal education, and in 
early life chose the medical profession for a 
life work, and completed a course of study in 
the same in the college of physicians and sur- 
geons of western New York.' He came to 
Indiana in 1834, and settled at Logansport, 
where his successful career soon won for him 
the reputation of one of the most skillful sur- 
geons and thorough practitioners in the west. 
In 1844 he accepted a professorship in Rush 
Medical college, at Chicago, and occupied the 
chair of theory and practice during the years 
1844-47. Though not naturally a politician. 
Dr. Fitch, from force of circumstances, was 
drawn into the arena of politics, where his 
commanding talents and energy marked him 
as the people's choice. In 1836 and again in 
1839, he was chosen to represent Cass county 
in the state legislature. Subsequently, at the 
election in August, 1847, he was chosen to 
represent his district in the lower house of 
congress, holding that responsible position 
until 1852. During his membership he was 
active and efficient in the discharge of his 
duties, earning the reputation of a good legis- 
lator. His legislative capacity was further 
tested by an experience in the senate of the 
United States, commencing in 1860-61. The 
honorable distinction acquired in subordinate 
legislative positions was not dimmed by his 
senatorial experience, and he left that distin- 
guished body with a record of which posterity 
need not be ashamed. Although a democrat 
in political affiliations, he always esteemed 
principle above mere partisanship and was 
not slow to manifest disapprobation when his 
party seemed disposed to pursue a course of 
policy in antagonism to his better judgment. 
In the triangular contest for the presidency, 
between Mr. Lincoln, Mr. Douglas and Mr. 



Breckinridge, he gave his undivided support 
to the last named gentleman, influenced there- 
to by a belief that his election would prevent 
the threatening civil war. Again, when his 
party rallied to the support of Mr. Greeley, he 
manifested his dissent by supporting Mr. 
O'Conor for the presidency. When the war 
came on, he raised a regiment, the Forty-sixth 
Indiana, and at its head entered the federal 
service- He did brilliant service in several 
campaigns, but owing to an injur}' received by 
the falling of his horse, was compelled to leave 
the service before the expiration of the war. 
After the close of the war, he still continued 
to practice his profession, not interfering in 
political affairs except to preserve the integ- 
rity of his inherent ideas with the vigor of his 
palmier days, opposing whatever he conceived 
to be wrong in civil and political affairs. In 
personal appearance, Dr. Fitch was an unusual 
specimen of physical manhood, having a well 
knit frame and a courtly dignity which 
bespoke the polished gentleman. In his 
prime he appeared a knight among men, and 
while a member of the United States senate 
is said to have been the finest looking man in 
that body. The death of Dr. Fitch took 
place November 29, 1892. 

i^/^\ AVID S. TURPIE, born in Hamil- 
I I ton county, Ohio, in i S29, graduated 
/'^_y at Kenyon college, studied law, and 
b2gan practice at Logansport, Ind. , 
in 1849. He was a member of the legislature 
in 1852, was appointed judge of the court of 
common pleas in 1854, and of the circuit court 
in 1856, which post he resigned. He was 
again a member of the state house of repre- 
sentatives in 1856, and was elected to the 
United States senate from Indiana, as a dem- 
ocrat, in place of Jesse D. Bright, who had 
been expelled, serving f:o:n January 22 to 

March 3, 1863. Nearly twenty-four years 
afterward he was again called on by his party 
to represent them in the senate, to which 
body he was elected by the Indiana legislature, 
at the session of 1886-7, after a memorable 
struggle. His opponent was Benjamin Harri- 
son, afterward elected president, anid he was 
defeated by the votes of one or two independ- 
ents in the legislature who held the balance 
of power between the two great parties, which 
were almost equally divided in voting strength 
among the members. Mr. Turpie enjoys the 
reputation of being one of the ablest constitu- 
tional lawyers in Indiana, and is also graded 
high as a man of literarv attainments. 

^V^ ANIEL D. PRATT was born at Pal- 
I I ermo, Maine, October 24, 1 81 3, and 
^^_^ died at Logansport, Ind., June 17, 
1877. His father was a physicain 
and the son of David Pratt, a revolutionary 
soldier, of Berkshire count}', Mass. Mr. 
Pratt's early years were years of excessive toil, 
necessitated by the circumstances of his fath- 
er's family. His early education was acquired 
in the district schools of Madison county, N. 
Y. , and in 1825 he entered the seminary at 
Cazenovia, that state, and two years later 
entered Hamilton college, from which he 
graduated in 1 831. He was a natural orator, 
and as a classical scholar was rarely excelled. 
Immediately after graduating he accepted a 
professorship in Madison university, and with 
the means thus earned began the study of law. 
In the spring of 1832, he decided to move 
west. Accordingly he set out for Cincinnati, 
making a part of the journey on foot, and later 
made his way to Rising Sun, Ind., where he 
taught a term of school. Subsequently he en- 
tered the law office of Calvin Fletcher, at 
Indianapolis, and in 1836 located in Logans- 
port, at that time a mere opening in the 


wilderness. The bright promises of his early 
youth were soon fully realized, for no sooner 
was he admitted to the bar than he rapidly 
rose in his profession, and in a few years the 
fame of the eloquent young advocate resounded 
throughout northern Indiana. He was one 
who never courted notoriety, but he made 
himself a necessity in the field of action, and 
it was often a race between litigants to see 
who could reach his office first. At the time 
of his election to the Ur>ited States senate in 
1869, he was recognized as the ablest lawyer 
in northern Indiana, and his fame was not 
confined to this state alone, but extended 
throughout the western country. For twenty- 
five years he was without a rival in northern 
Indiana, before a jury. Gov. Hendricks and 
Sec. Thompson divided the palm with him in 
the south and west parts of the state. His 
eminent merits were recognized, and in 1847 
he was nominated for congress, but was de- 
feated by Charles Cathcart. In 1848, he was 
one of the presidential electors, and in 185 i- 
53 was elected to the legislature, and soon be- 
came the leader in the house. In i860 he 
was secretary of the national convention at 
Chicago, which nominated Abraham Lincoln 
for the presidency, and attracted great atten- 
tion by his eloquence and commanding pres- 
ence. During the war Mr. Pratt was a zeal- 
ous and patriotic advocate of the Union cause. 
In 1863 he received the unanimous vote of his 
party, then in the minority, for United States 
senator, and in 1868 was elected to congress 
by a handsome majority. In 1S6S the legisla- 
ture, without solicitation on his part, promoted 
him to the United States senate. It was un- 
fortunate that he entered that body so late in 
life, as he was then fifty-si.x years of age, and 
with the exception of two terms in the state 
legislature was without public training. The 
artificial restraint thrown around him in the 
national capital disgusted him, and interfered 

with his splendid oratorical powers. As it 
was, however, he was recognized as one of the 
ablest men of that body during the period of 
his service, and although he made but few 
speeches, those he delivered were sound, log- 
ical and comprehensive. For six years he was 
a member of both claim and pension com- 
mittees, and for two years was chairman of 
the pension committee. Millions of dollars 
were allowed and dis-allowed on his recom- 
mendation. So conscientious was he that 
Wendell Phillips once remarked that "Pratt is 
the most absolutely honest man I ever knew." 
Upon the expiration of his term as senator, at 
the solicitation of Pres. Grant he took charge 
of the internal revenue department. In 1876, 
the republicans urged Mr. Pratt to become a 
candidate for governor of the state, but he de- 
clined. Personally Mr. Pratt was one of the 
most cheerful and genial of men, and in his 
social life, and all his associations, shed an in- 
fluence around him which was like sunshine. 
Although he never sought literary honors, his 
talents could not be unappreciated, and in 
1872 Hamilton college conferred upon him 
the honorary degree of LL. D. In appear- 
ance he was above the average height, being 
over six feet and correspondingly portly. His 
presence was dignified and he moved among 
men as one born to command. In his death 
the nation lost one of its faithful public serv- 
ants, the state a great man. the legal profes- 
sion one of its ablest members and the com- 
munity one of its best citizens. 

V-7*0SEPH E. McDONWLD was born in 
M Butler county, Ohio, .August 29, 1 8 19, 
/• 1 the son of John McDonald, a native of 
Pensylvania, and of Scotch descent. 
Maternally, Mr. McDonald is descended from 
French Huguenot ancestn,-. His mother. 



Eleanor (Piatt) McDonald, was a native of 
Pennsylvania, and a woman of superior order 
of intellect. Seven j-ears after the death of 
John McDonald she married John Kerr, who 
moved with his family to Montgomery county, 
Ind., in the fall of 1S26. Joseph McDonald 
was seven years of age when the family moved 
to Indiana, and until his twelfth year he lived 
upon the home farm. In his twelfth year he 
became an apprentice to the saddler's trade in 
Lafayette, in which capacity he served out 
five years, studying law in the meantime, for 
which he early manifested a decided taste. At 
the age of eighteen he entered \\'abash col- 
lege, began the study of the higher branches, 
supporting himself mainly by plying at his trade 
when it was possible for him to do so. He 
afterward became a student in the Asbury 
university, and in 1842 began the systematic 
study of law at Lafayette, Ind., in the office 
of Zebulon Beard, one of the leading lawyers 
of the state. He was nominated for the office 
of prosecuting attorney before his admission to 
the bar, and was elected to that position over 
one of the prominent lawyers of Lafayette. 
He was re-elected prosecutor, and discharged 
the duties of the office for a period of four 
years. In the fall of 1847, he moved to 
Crawfordsville, which place was his home 
until 1859. In 1849 he was elected from the 
old eighth district and to the twenty-first con- 
gress, and served one teriu, and in 1856 was 
elected attorney general of Indiana, being the 
first chosen to this office by the people. He 
was re-elected in 18 58, and served two terms. 
In 1864 he was nominated for governor of 
Indiana by the democratic state convention, 
and made a joint canvass with Oliver P. Mor- 
ton, the republican nominee. At the election 
he received 6,000 more votes for governor 
than the state ticket did in 1S62, but Mr. 
Morton was elected by nearly 20,000 votes. 
Throughout his entire life he has strictly 

adhered to his resolution to follow the law and 
make a success of the profession, and as a 
lawyer he has for years ranked among the 
most successful and profound in the nation. 
He was elected to the United States senate 
for si.x years, to succeed Daniel D. Pratt, and 
entered upon the duties of that positron March 
5, 1875. While a member of that body he 
was chairman of the committee on public 
lands, a member of the judiciary committee, 
took a conspicuous part iri the debates on 
finance, and ranked as one of the ablest law- 
yers in that body of distinguished men. He 
served with distinction until 18S1, since which 
time he has given his attention principally to 
the practice of his profession, though taking 
an active part in political affairs, being one of 
the recognized leaders of the democracy in the 
United States. He made the principal argu- 
ment for the objectors in the count of the 
electoral vote of Louisiana before the electoral 
commission appointed to determine the result 
of the presidential election in 1876. In the 
national democratic convention, held in Chi- 
cago, in 1S84, Mr. McDonald's name was pre- 
sented as a candidate for the presidential 
nomination, and he had a strong following in 
the delegation from a number of states. He 
is and always has been a representative demo- 
crat of the Jeffersonian school, and believes 
that the true idea of democracy is to preserve, 
unimpaired, all the rights reserved to the 
states respectively, and to the people, without 
infringing upon any of the powers delegated to 
the general government by the constitution. 
"He believes in the virtue of the people, and 
in their ability and purpose to maintain their 
institutions inviolate against the assaults of 
designing men." "As an orator, both at the 
bar and on the hustings, he is cool, logical and 
forcible, and, as a citizen, he has the confi- 
dence and respect of all who know him, re- 
gardless of political creeds." "His views are 



broad and comprehensive on all questions of 
public interest, and his steadfastness of pur- 
pose, his honest desire of accomplishing what 
is best for the people, have given him a home 
in their hearts, and won for him the greatest 
honors they had to bestow." 

,y^ ANIEL W. VOORHEES was born 
I 1 in Butler county. Ohio, September 
/^\^_^ 26, I S27, and was brought to Indiana 
by his parents when two months old. 
The family settled in Fountain county, where 
Mr. Voorhees grew to manhood on a farm 
about ten miles from the town of Covington. 
His father, Stephen Voorhees, was a native of 
Mercer county, Ky. , and a descendant of an 
old Holland family, many representatives of 
which were among the early settlers of the 
eastern states in the time of the colonies. His 
mother was Rachel (Elliot) Voorhees, born in 
Maryland of Irish ancestry, and married 
Stephen Voorhees in the year i S2 1 . The early 
farm experience of Mr. \'oorhees proved of 
great value to him in after life, and served to 
bind him in ties of sympathy with the com- 
mon people. He graduated from the Asbury, 
now DePauw, university, at Greencastle, in 
1849, and soon afterward entered the law office 
of Lane & Wilson, Crawfordsville, and on 
his admission to the bar, began the practice of 
his profession at Covington, Fountain county, 
where he soon effected a co-partnership with 
Hon. E. A. Hannegan in 1852. In June, 1853, 
Mr. Voorhees was appointed by Gov. Wright 
prosecuting attorney of the circuit court, in 
which position he soon established a fine repu- 
tation as a criminal lawyer. In 1856 he was 
nominated by acclamation democratic candi- 
date for congress, but was defeated by 230 
majority in a district previously republican by 
2,600. In 1857 he removed to Terre Haute, 

and the following year was appointed United 
States district attorney for the state of Indi- 
ana by President Buchanan. He was elected 
to congress in i860 and 1862, and in 1864 was 
again a successful candidate, but in the last 
election his majority of 634 votes was contested 
by his competitor, Henry D. Washburn, who 
obtained the seat. He was again elected in 
1S68, re-elected in 1S70, but in 1872 was de- 
feated by Hon. Morton C. Hunter. In 1859 
\"oorhees was retained as counsel to defend 
Col. Cook, arrested with John Brown as an 
accomplice of the latter- in the celebrated 
Harper's Ferry raid, and his speech at the 
trial was one of the greatest ever delivered 
before an American jury, and it gained him a 
national reputation. It was listened to with 
rapt attention by a vast audience, and was 
afterward published all over the country, and 
in Europe in several different languages. Mr. 
\"oorhees was appointed November 6, 1877, to 
j succeed Gov. Morton in the United States 
i Senate, and has served by successive re-elec- 
■ lions in that distinguished body until the pres- 
ent time. From his entrance into public life 
he has occupied a conspicuous place in the 
j eyes of the public, and at the bar, on the stump 
! or in the halls of national legislation, he has 
' been a man of mark. His powers as a parlia- 
mentary orator and a statesman are a portion 
of the history of the nation, and as a party 
leader few if any have exercised as great an 
influence upon the people of Indiana as he. 
■•From the sobriquet of the Tall Sycamore of 
the Wabash, so often applied to him, it will be 
inferred that he is of tall stature, which is the 
case, as he is over six feet in height and weighs 
over 200 pounds. He carries himself erect, 
and his commanding presence and dignified 
bearing make him a conspicuious figure in the 
senate chamber. " During his term of service 
in the senate he has been assiduous in his 
attention to the public needs. He is alwaj'S 



present and allows no measure of his political 
opponents to pass without the severest scru- 
tiny, and with him vigilance is the price of 

,y^R. DAVID J. JORDAN.— The above 
I I named gentleman is one of the most 
/^^_^ prominent of that coterie of scientific 
writers who have done so much to 
attract the attention to the physical resourses of 
Indiana. For many years Prof. Jordan has 
been president of the state university. He 
was educated at Corliel! university, and after- 
wards tudied biology under the famous Agassiz, 
in his celebrated summer school, Penikese is- 
land. Coming west, Jordan taught his spec- 
ialty in the university of \^'isconsin, Indianapo- 
lis high school, Butler university, and then at the 
Indiana university, of which his talents even- 
tually made him president. Prof. Jordan de- 
voted most of his attention for many years to 
the study of the habits and classification of the 
fishes of North America. On this subject he 
has published over 200 papers, besides a large 
work which has become a standard authority 
on ichthyology, In enthusiastic pursuit of his 
favorite study, Dr, Jordan made a fine and 
extensive collection .of nearly ten thousand 
specimens of fishes, reptiles and birds, but un- 
fortunately these were all destroyed by a dis- 
astrous fire in 1883. With characteristic 
energy he set to work to repair the damage, 
anfl soon had a better collection than ever. 
He has been a voluminous writer on scientific 
subjects; the greater part being devoted to his 
specialty, the fishes of the western states. 
He gathered around him, at Bloomington, a 
school of students who grew up under his 
care, imbibed his tastes, and greatly assisted 
him in his scientific researches. The re- 
sult of their conjoint labors and writings was 
to make the state university the center and 
authority on subjects relating to biological 

work. In the fall of 1892. Dr. Jordan was 
transferred to the presidency of the Stanford 
university of California. 

eROF. JOHN COLLETT, the most 
distinguished of Indiana geologists, 
is a native of this state, having been 
born in Vermillion county in 1828 and 
graduated at Wabash college in 1S47. He 
has taken an active part in politics, having 
been state senator, state-house commissioner, 
state statistician and state geologist. But his 
chief fame and his chief claim upon the grati- 
tude of his state, are based upon his work as a 
scientist. Prof. Collett's life has been studi- 
ous, useful to the geology of Indiana, and has 
done more than any other person to make 
known the natural resources of the state, es- 
pecially to advertise to the world the value ..f 
its coal measures and stone quarries. Chiefly 
through his efforts, the building stone of In- 
diana has been introduced to commerce, and 
is now used extensively for the construction of 
public buildings in all parts of the Union. He 
proved its superiority by a series of tests. 
From 1880 to 1884, he was state geologist, 
and for many years previously had served as 
an assistant in that office, to which he contri- 
buted his most earnest labor and the riches of 
his well stored mind. In 1884, he published 
the first and best geological map of the state 
ever issued, and has written voluminously on 
all subjects relating to the geology of the state. 
There is not a county he has not visited and 
studied, nor one with whose geological history, 
dating far back into the dim twilight of the 
pre-historic periods, he is not so familiar as to 
be able to trace and read like an open book. 
Prof. Collett belongs to that useful class of 
citizens which, while not obtaining the passing 
applause and glittering fame that is conferred 
upon the politician in high office, confer more 
lasting benefits upon mankind and are of more 



actual value to the state than all its politicians 
put together. Indiana needs more John Col- 
letts and fewer "statesmen" of the Col. Mul- 
berry Sellers and Senator Dilhvorthy type. 

no more picturesque personality in 
the Hoosier state than the poet, 
naturalist, essayist, story writer and 
publicist, whose name heads this sketch. A 
native of the south, he possesses the frank- 
ness, ardor, geniality of disposition and fervent 
feelings so characteristic of the warm latitudes. 
His home, however, since the war has been in 
Indiana, with whose institutions and people 
he has become thoroughly identified. Mr. 
Thompson's tastes are literary and his occupa- 
tion and fame lie in that direction, but occa- 
sionally he takes an excursive flight into poli- 
tics, more by way of diversion than otherwise. 
He has served one or two terms as member of 
the lower house of the legislature, and one 
term also as state geologist by appointment of 
Gov. Gray. He prefers, however, to wander 
over the fields and woodlands, watching the 
habits of birds, and studying nature in all her 
varying moods. On these subjects he writes 
most entertainingly in stories, in poems, and 
in magazine essays. He is a born naturalist 
and is never so happy as when studying the in- 
teresting flora and fauna of his adopted state. 
He views nature with the eye of an artist, and 
describes her charms with the heart of a poet. 
One of his books covering these subjects, en- 
titled "Sylvan Secrets," is as charming as an 
Arabian tale. "The Red-head Family" is a 
bird sketch of the most delightful description, 
in which the imaginings of a poet, and the 
word painting of an artist are mingled with, 
and give color to, ornithological information of 
the most exact kind because gathered by a 

student of nature in actual contact with what 
he describes. Bird song, nest building, bird 
anatomy, the loves, hates, trials and habits of 
the songsters of the grove, are themes which 
the poet-naturalist has enriched with the ap- 
preciation of a Thoreau, and the descriptive 
powers of a Goldsmith. One of his articles, a 
gem of its kind, describes the habits of the 
mocking-bird in his native southern haunts. 
Mr. Thompson says, what is not generally 
known, that the mocker sometimes sings as it 
flies, after the manner of the skylark, and he 
dwells at length on one of these "descending 
songs," which the mocker poured forth as he 
fluttered on ecstatic wing from branch to 
branch, and finally, by slow degrees, to the 
earth, where he fell exhausted with the efforts 
to produce his own exquisite melody. Mr. 
Thompson is a voluminous magazine writer 
and covers a wide variety of topics with un- 
flagging ability. He is a conspicuous member 
of that galaxy of literary stars who have shed 
such luster upon Indiana, since the war period, 
and contributed so much to give her high rank 
in the world of letters. 

m fifteen or twenty years ago there 
/• 1 commenced to appear in various pa- 
pers of Indiana poems in dialect, re- 
lating to homely phases of human life and 
touching on those domestic topics that are 
common to every fireside. At first they only 
attracted the attention of a few, but by de- 
grees their fame spread as the}- were more and 
more appreciated, and people began to en- 
quire the author of such pieces as "The Old 
Swimmin' Hole," "When the Frost is on the 
Punkin and the Fodder's in the Shock," "The 
Flying Islands" and other gems, the charac- 
teristics of which were a gentle humor, always 



accompanied by a rich vein of tenderest 
pathos. Usually these poems purported to be 
written by " Mr. Johnson, of Boone," or some 
other bucoHc individual unknown to fame. 
Most of them were published in the various 
newspapers edited by the late George C. 
Harding, himself a universal genius of the 
first u'ater, and always in sympathy with ris- 
ing literary talent, which he did more than 
any other newspaper proprietor of the state 
to foster and develop. By degrees it leaked 
out that the -author of the popular dialect 
poems was none other than James Whitcomb 
Riley, a young man of Hancock county, who 
from the rude life of a farmer boy found him- 
self drifting irresistibly into rhyme, like the 
noted Mr. Wegg. In the course of time, Mr. 
Riley's fugitive pieces were collected and pub- 
lished in a volume, \\hich was succeeded, at 
intervals, by others of a similar tenor, all 
of which were warmly welcomed and gen- 
erally read by lovers of that kind of verse 
which deals with lowly human nature, and as 
it comes from the heart of the writer, goes di- 
rectly to the hearts of the readers. Soon Mr. 
Riley had a state reputation and was wel- 
comed everywhere with affection as the typi- 
cal "Hoosier Poet." It was not until the 
national meeting of authors in New York, in 
the winter of 1886-S7, that Riley's fame- 
spread across the state lines and extended to 
boundaries that are touched by the two great 
oceans. The select critics of literature in the 
east fell easy victims to his genial personal 
address and platform ability, and when the 
meeting adjourned, Mr. Riley was, by general 
consent, placed high up on the temple of fame 
alongside of the most popular American poets. 
After that, he figured conspicuously on the 
lecture platform as a reciter of his poems, 
and has been much sought after for concert 
and lyceum work. Mr. Riley is a distinctive 
Hoosier product and his poems are rich with 

the flavor of the soil from which their author 
sprang. He has done much to give Indiana 
high rank in the literary world, and for this, 
as well as for the intrinsic merits of his compo- 
sitions, enjoys a warm place in the hearts of 
his fellow citizens in the Hoosier state. In the 
fall of 1S94 he issued " Arma Zindy. " 

^^l-* EWIS WALLACE.— Though a sol- 
I r dier of distinction in two wars, it is 
^I^J not as a military man that Gen. Wal- 
lace has achieved his principal fame. 
It has been rather with the pen than the 
sword he has conquered, and no Indianian has 
carved his name so high on the literary temple 
as the distinguished subject of this sketch. A 
son of Gov. David Wallace, he was born in 
Brookville, Ind., on the loth of April, 1827. 
He received a common school education and 
was studying law when the Mexican war roused 
him from his reveries. He served in that war 
with credit .is a first lieutenant, and at its close 
resumed .lis profession, which he practiced 
chiefly in the cities of Covington and Craw- 
fordsville, Ind. He served a term of four 
years in the state senate, but never took kindly 
tc polities. At the breaking out of the civil 
war, he was appointed adjutant general of 
Indiana, soon after becoming colonel of the 
Eleventh Indiana volunteers, with which he 
served in West \'irginia, participating in the 
capture of Romney and the ejection of the 
enemy from Harper's Ferry. He became a 
brigadier general of volunteers in the fall of 
1 861, led . a division at the capture of Fort 
Donelson, and displayed such ability as to 
receive a major general's commission in the 
following spring. He participated conspicu- 
ously in the fated field of Shiloh. In 1S64 he 
was assigned to the command of the middle 
department, with headquarters at Baltimore, 
Md. With 5,800 men, he marched to the 



banks of the MonocaCy, and there offered bat- 
tle to the overwhelming forces of Gen. Jubal 
A. Early, who, with 28,000 men, was march- 
ing triumphantly upon the national capital. 
On the afternoon of the 9th of July hard by 
the railroad bridge that spans the Monocacy, 
near Frederick, Md., was fought one of the 
bloodiest engagements of the war, in propor- 
tion to the number engaged. Gen. Wallace 
was entrenched behind stone fences that 
stretched along the heights near the bridge and 
at right angles with the river. McCausIand's 
cavalry, which led the vanguard of Early's 
army, crossed the stream and made a vigorous 
assault upon Wallace's lines, but, after a very 
spirited and bloody engagement, they were 
forced to retreat, but took up and held a posi- 
tion in the rear. Soon thereafter a long line 
of infantry were seen fording the Monocacy, 
and filing right under cover of hills and trees 
to a position in front of Gen. Wallace's center. 
These troops were the famous '-Stonewall 
brigade," formerly made immortal by Jackson, 
but now consolidated with other seasoned vet- 
erans into a division commanded by Major 
Gen. John C. Breckinridge. They deployed 
and were ordered to advance directly to the 
assault of Gen. Wallace's main position. The 
onset was furious and the fatalities on both 
sides many hundreds in a few minutes. The 
Union troops resisted stubbornly, but were 
finally forced to give way, and the hundreds of 
dead bodies observable on the field after the 
fight showed how bravely they had endeavored 
to stem the tide of invasion. Though defeated, 
Gen. Wallace and his troops had accomplished 
the important duty of delaying Early until 
reinforcements could reach Washington. - 

Gen. Wallace was second member of the 
court that tried the assassins of Lincoln and 
president of that which convicted Wirz of the 
Andersonville prison horrors. In 1878 Gen. 
Wallace was governor of Utah and served 

from 1 88 1 to '85 as minister to Turkey. He 
has lectured extensively and is one of the most 
popular of the platform speakers of the day. 
His chief fame, however, rests upon his 
authorship .of the religio-historical novel, 
"Ben Hur; a Tale of the Christ," of which 
over 290,000 have been sold without diminu- 
tion in the demand. It has already become 
an American classic, and takes front rank 
among the imaginative works of the world. 
Other popular works by Gen. Wallace are, 
"The Fair God," a story of the conquest of 
Mexico, " Life of Benjamin Harrison " "The 
Boyhood of Christ" and " The Prince of India." 
No other Indianian has done so much to give 
his state high rank in the field of polite liter- 

SCHUYLER COLFAX, statesman, and 
vice president of the United States, 
was born in the city of New York. 
March 23, 1823. His grandfather. 
Gen. William Colfax, was a native of Con- 
necticut, and served with distinction in the 
war of American independence. His father 
died before his son's birth, as did also a sister, 
and thus he became the only child of his wid- 
owed mother. The early years of Mr. Colfax 
were spent in his native city, where he attend- 
ed the public schools and afterward became 
clerk in a store. In 1836 he came to Indiana, 
and located at New Carlisle, St. Joseph coun- 
ty, where he again entered a store as clerk, 
and in 1 84 1 he became a resident of South 
Bend, in which city he subsequently received 
the appointment of deputy auditor. In 1842 
he was active in organizing a temperance soci- 
ety at South Bend, and continued a total 
abstainer throughout his life. .At this time he 
reported the proceedings of the state senate 
for the Indianapolis Journal, and in 1844 
entered the political arena as a public speaker 



for Henry Clay. In 1&45 he became editor 
and proprietor of the St Joseph Valley Reg- 
ister, of which he was also founder, and he 
continued its publication for a period of eight- 
een years. He was secretary of the Chicago 
harbor and river convention in 1S47, and in 
1848 was elected secretary of the national 
whig convention, at Baltimore, which nomin- 
ated Gen. Zachary Taylor for the presidency. 
He was a member of the Indiana constitution- 
al convention in 1850, and in 185 1 received 
the whig nomination for congress. His oppo- 
nent was Hon. Graham N. Fitch, an able pol- 
itician and a fine speaker, with whom he 
engaged in a joint canvass, during which the 
two men traveled over 1,000 miles, and held 
over seventy discussions. The district was 
strongly democratic, yet Mr. Colfax was 
defeated by only 200 votes. In 1852 he was 
a delegate to the national convention which 
nominated Gen. Scott for the presidency, and 
in 1854 was elected to the Thirty-fourth con- 
gress by the memorable majority of 1,776 
votes, although the same district in previous 
years gave a democratic majority of 1,200. In 
1858 he was again triumphantly elected to 
congress, and served as a member of that body 
by successive elections until 1869. He was 
elected speaker of the house in December, 
1863, and on April 8th. of the following year, 
he descended from the chair to move the 
expulsion of Mr. Long, of Ohio, who had 
made a speach favoring the recognition of the 
southern confederacy. The resolution was 
afterward changed to one of censure, and Mr. 
Colfax's action was generally sustained by 
Union men. On the convening of the Thirty- 
ninth congress, Mr. Colfax was again elected 
speaker by 139 votes, his opponent, Mr. 
Brooks, of New York, receiving but thirty-six. 
March 4, 1867, he was for the third time 
chosen speaker, and his skill as a presiding 
officer, often shown under very trying circum- 

stances, gained the applause of both friends 
and political opponents. In May, 1868, the 
republican national convention at Chicago 
nominated him on the first ballot for vice pres- 
ident. Gen. Grant being the presidential nom- 
inee, and the ticket having been successful, he 
took his seat as president of the senate March 
4, 1869. In August, 1 87 1, the president 
offered him the position of secretary of state 
for the remainder of his term, but he declined. 
In.iS72 he was prominently mentioned as a 
presidential candidate, and the same year he 
refused the editorship of the New York Trib- 
une. "In 1873, Mr. Colfax was implicated in 
the charges of corruption brought against 
members of congress who had received shares 
in the credit mobilier of America. The house 
committee reported that there was no ground 
for his impeachment, as the alleged offense, if 
committed at all, was committed before he 
became vice president." "He denied the 
truth of the charges, and his friends have al- 
ways regarded his character as irreproach- 
able." His latter years were spent mostly in 
retirement at his home in South Bend, and in 
delivering public lectures, which he frequently 
did, before large audiences. The most popu- 
lar of his lectures was that on "Lincoln and 
Garfield." He died at Mankota, Minn , Jan- 
uary 13, 1885. 

SOBERT DALE OWEN was the son 
of Robert J. Owen, a celebrated 
English reformer, who was born in 
1 77 1 and died 1858. He was born 
near Glasgow, Scotland, November 7, 180 1, 
and after receiving a liberal education in his 
native country, came to the United States in 
1823 and settled at New Harmony, Posey 
count}', Ind. In 1828, in partnership with 
Mrs. Frances Wright, he began the publica- 


tion of a paper called the Free Enquirer, 
which made its peFiodical visits about three 
years. He was three times elected to the 
Indiana legislature, and in 1843 was elected to 
congress, in which body he served until 1S47, 
having been re-elected in 1845. When in 
congress he took a prominent part in the set- 
tlement of the northwestern boundary dispute, 
and was largely instrumental in establishing 
the Smithsonian institute at Washington, of 
which he became one of the regents, and 
served on the building committee. He was a 
delegate to the constitutional convention in 
1 8 50, and no one bore a more prominent part 
in the deliberations of that body than he. In 
1853 he was appointed charge d' affaires at 
Naples, and in 1855 was minister at Naples, 
holding the position until 1858. During 
the civil war he was a firm supporter of the 
Union, and one of the first to advocate the 
emancipation of the slaves. Mr. Owen was a 
firm believer in the doctrines of spiritualism, 
and was fearless in his advocacy of the same. 
He inherited the communistic notions of his 
father, who had failed in numerous attempts 
to carry the system into practical operation, 
and he also signally failed in his attempts to 
accomplish a similar purpose. His scholastic 
attainments were of the highest order, and he 
possessed a mind well stored with general 
knowledge. He was indeed a man of tran- 
scendent ability and may justly be regarded as 
one of the greatest, as well as one of the best, 
men Indiana has ever claimed. He contrib- 
uted largely to the literature of his day, and the 
following is a partial list of his best known 
works; "Moral Physiology," "Discussion 
with Original Bachelor on the Personalky of 
God, and the Authenticity of the Bible," 
"Hints on Public Architecture," "Footfalls 
on the Boundaries of Another World," "The 
Wrong of Slavery and the Right of Emancipa- 
tion," "Beyond the Breakers," a novel. 

"The Debatable Land Between This World 
and the Next." "Treading My Way," an au- 
tobiography. Mr. Owen departed this life at 
Lake George, N. Y. , January 24, 1877, aged 
seventy-si.x years. 

t>^ ICHARD W. THOMPSON, ex-sec- 
I /<^ retary of the navy, is a native of Vir- 
M ¥ ginia, born in Culpeper county, June 
9, 1S09. In the fall of 1831 he emi- 
grated to Indiana, and taught school in the 
town of Bedford, afterward establishing the 
Lawrence count}- seminary, which he con- 
ducted about one year. Abandoning school 
work he embarked in the mercantile business 
in Lawrence county, and while thus engaged 
began the study of law. He was admitted to 
the bar in 1834, and the same year he was 
elected a member of the Indiana legislature, 
in which body he not only displayed great 
ability and foresight, but was also instrument- 
al in shaping much important legislation. In 
1838 he was returned to the house and the 
following year was chosen state senator, of 
which he was president pro tempore on the 
occasion of the resignation of Lieutenant Gov. 
Wallace. In 1 84 1 he was elected to the 
United States congress over Hon. John W. 
Davis, but declined a renomination to the 
same position, and in 1843 removed to Terre 
Haute, in which city he has since resided. 
He was a presidential elector on the Harrison 
ticket in 1840, zealously supporting Gen. Har- 
rison in public speeches, and by his pen, and 
was a defeated canflidate for elector on the 
Clay ticket in 1844. In 1847 he was again 
elected to congress by the whig party, and be- 
came prominent in national legislation during 
his term, but at the expiration retired from 
public life. In 1849 he was appointed United 
States minister to Austria, by Gen. Taylor, 



but declined to accept the honor, and was also 
tendered several other appointments by the 
general government, all of which he saw fit to 
refuse. During the war for the Union he was 
active and rendered valuable service to his 
country, was commandant of Camp Dick 
Thompson, near Terre Haute, and also served 
as provost marshal of the district. He was 
again a presidential elector on the republican 
ticket in 1864, and a delegate to the national 
conventions of that party in 1872, and 1S76, 
in the latter of which he nominated Oliver P. 
Morton for the presidency. In 1S67-69 he 
was judge of the eighteenth circuit of the state, 
and on March 12, 1877, he entered Pres. 
Hayes' cabinet, as secretary of the nav)-. He 
served nearly through the administration, but 
resigned the position in 1 88 I, to become chair- 
man of the xAmerican committee of the Pana- 
ma Canal company. Mr. Thompson has 
written many political platforms, and obtained 
a reputation for his ability -in formulating 
party principles. He is an eloquent and effec- 
tive speaker, and a man of benevolence and 
unassuming- manners. 

aOL. FRANCIS VIGO, whose name is 
prominently identified with the early 
history of Indiana, was born in the 
kingdom of Sardinia in 1740, and 
died at Vincennes, Ind., in 1836. Until 1778 
he was a resident of the Spanish port of St. 
Louis, where, as an Indian trader, he acquired 
the title of the " Spanish Merchant." He re- 
moved to Vincennes a short time previous to 
its capture by Gen. George Rogers Clark, 
whom he was instrumental in assisting, for 
which he was afterward arrested by the British 
as a spy. In the Illinois campaigns of 1778 
and 1779, Col. Vigo rendered valuable service 
to the army of Clark by advancing large sums 

of money for food and clothing. Through his 
patriotism and self-sacrifice, he served the 
army and gave victory to the cause of the col- 
onies of the west. He was made commandant 
of the militia of Vincennes in 1790, and in 
1810 was one of Gen. Harrison's confidential 
messengers to the Indians. His name will 
not only ever be associated with the early 
history of the \\'abash valley, but is perpetu- 
ated in the name of Vigo county, Ind., for the 
capital city of which, Terre Haute, he be- 
queathed a bell for the court house. 

>y»OHX \V. D.WIS. one of Indiana's most 
m noted men, was born in Cumberland 
/» 1 county. Penn., July 17, 1799, and 
died in 1S59. He was well educated 
and graduated in medicine at Baltimore in 
1S21, shortly afterward removing to Carlisle, 
Ind. He was soon embarked on a political 
career and graduated for the purpose in that 
universal and popular school the state legis- 
lature. He served several years in that body, 
and was chosen speaker of the house in 1S32. 
In 1834 he was appointed a commissioner to 
negotiate a treaty with the Indians. He was 
elected to congress by the democrats, and 
served from December 7, 1835, until March 3, 
1837, was re-elected, and again served from 
1839 until 1841, and from 1843 till 1847. 
During his last term he was speaker of the 
house of representati\es, having been elected 
on December i, 1S45. He was United States 
commissioner to China in 1843-50, and gov- 
ernor of Oregon in 1853-54. He presided over 
the convention held at Baltimore in 1852, that 
nominated Franklin Pierce for the presidency. 
Mr. Davis was a strong man and a party leader 
of long continued popularity and well recog- 
nized ability. He was also a decided feature 
of the list of self-made Indiana publicists. 


Additional Memoranda for Governors of Indiana and Representative Men. 


Additional Memoranda for Governors of Indiana and Representative Men. 



Additional Memoranda for Governors of Indiana and Representative Me 



Additional Memoranda for Governors -of Indiana and Representative Men. 


Additional Memoranda for Governors of Indiana and Representative Me 


Additional Memoranda for Governors of Indiana and Representative Men. 


Additional Memoranda for Governors of Indiana and Representative Men. 


Additional Memoranda for Governors- of Indiana and Representative Men. 


Additional Memoranda for Governors of Indiana and Representative Me 







J Boone county's eminent lawyers and 
A 1 ex-judge of tfie circuit court, comes 
from an old colonial family of sturdy 
English stock. George Abbott was the 
founder of the family in America, and came 
over with the Puritans, who settled Massachu- 
setts. The American branch has always been 
famous, and included many renowned clergy- 
men and distinguished authors, such as Jacob 
Abbott, the writer for the young, and John S. 
C. Abbott, the author of the life of Napoleon. 
Samuel Abbott, the grandfather of the subject 
of this sketch, was born in New Hampshire 
April 8, 1 77 1, and early settled in Concord; 
he was a soldier in the war of i8i2, and was 
shot by an Indian at the burning of Buffalo, 
N. Y. ; he was married at Concord, N. H., to 
Mary Currier, daughter of William C. Currier, 
and to this union were born eleven children, 
eight of whom lived to manhood and woman- 
hood, namely. Betsey, Hiram, Harriet, 
Mary, Belinda, Isaac, Edward and Samuel. 
In I8i6 or 1S17, Mr. Abbott relinquished his 
trade of chair making and removed to New 
Vork state, where he engaged in farming until 
1S18, when he came to Indiana, and settled 
at Vevay, in Switzerland county, in January, 

1 8 19, where he and wife both died the follow- 
ing year — 1820. 

Isaac Abbott, son of the above and father 
of John A., was born in New Hampshire, Feb- 
ruary 22, 1805, and was but thirteen years of 
age when he was brought by his parents to 
Indiana, and left an orphan at the age of fif- 
teen. He was reared in Switzerland and 
Dearborn counties, living in the latter county 
with a farmer named Burgess until he was old 
enough to take care of himself. He learned 
the trade of a millwright and was, in fact, a 
natural born mechanic. He married in Dear- 
born county, at the age of twenty-three, 
Betsey Faulkner, daughter of Cornelius and 
Lucinda (Halsted) Faulkner — the former a 
substantial farmer, who came to Indiana from 
Rochester, N. Y. , in 18 19, and whose mother 
was a Schumacher, of Holland-Dutch descent. 
To Isaac Abbott and wife were born fourteen 
children, viz: Mary, Hiram, Martha, Cornelius 
S., Lewis C, William M., John A., LydiaA., 
Isaac M., Rebecca J., and Elizabeth C. , and 
Sarah J. (the last two being twins), Marilla M. 
and Levi E. Of these children eleven grew 
to maturity and became heads of families, 
Sarah, Marilla, and Levi dying in infancy. 
Mr. Abbott remained in Dearborn county. 



working at his trade, until 1865, when he came 
to Boone county and bought a tract of land 
one mile northwest of Lebanon, and eighteen 
months later entered land in Meeker county, 
Minn. His wife died at Wilmington, Ind. , in 
1854, and he next married Rebecca G. Flem- 
ing, who bore two children, now living — Ella 
M. and Robert L., and one child, Franklin H-. , 
who died at about fourteen years of age. Mr. 
Abbott died in Meeker county, Minn., May 4, 
1872, at the age of 67. Mr. and Mrs. Abbott 
were members of the Free Will Baptist 
church. In politics he was a free soiler and 
an abolitionist. For three years his house was 
a station on the "Underground railroad," 
which in that time safely landed thirty-eight 
dusky passengers in Canada. Fraternally he 
was a Freemason, a member of Boone lodge, 
No. 9, and was one of the charter members of 
Allen lodge. No. 165, at Moore's Hill, Dear- 
born county, Ind. He was greatly beloved by 
all who knew him; was a true patriot and sent 
four of his sons to the front to assist in the 
preservation of the Union, viz; John A., 
whose military record will be found below; 
Hiram, who served three years in an Iowa 
regiment; William M. and Isaac M., both of 
whom were three years in company K, Sixty- 
eighth Indiana infantry, in which W^illiam was 
severely wounded at the battle of Missionary 
Ridge. Mr. Abbott was an intelligent man, 
and a very extensive reader, and gave all his 
children the best education his means afforded. 
John A. Abbott was born November 5, 
1839, in Dearborn county, Ind. He was edu- 
cated in the common schools, in the county 
academy at Wilmington and at Moore's Hill 
college, and taught two terms of school. On 
June 5, 1 861, he enlisted in company I, Thir- 
teenth Indiana infantry, Capt. B. F. Myers, 
with Col. J. C. Sullivan commanding the regi- 
ment. The regiment left Indianapolis July 4, 
1 86 1, and joined McClelland's forces in West 

Virginia on the loth, and on the i ith engaged 
in the battle of Rich Mountain; October 3d, 
in the battle of Greenbriar; in November went 
on a scout of nine days through the mountains, 
carrying their supplies on pack-horses, break- 
ing up the guerrilla band led by McCool and 
Bennett, and greatly encouraging the Unionists 
of that section; December 13 it was in the 
battle of Allegheny Summit, under Gen. Mil- 
roy; transferred to the valley of \'irginia, it 
took part in the first battle of Winchester, 
March 23. i85i, and followed Jackson's forces 
up the valley as far as New Market; from 
here they marched into the Luray valley, and 
in May marched through to Fredericksburg 
and joined McDowell's army; but the second 
day after started on the return to the valley, 
on account of Stonewall Jackson's having 
driven Gen. Banks down the valley and across 
the Potomac. After the battle of Port Repub- 
lic, the regiment was taken by transports from 
Alexandria, down the Potomac and Chesa- 
peake and up the James, to Harrison's Land- 
ing, where it joined McClelland's army after 
the seven days' fight. After the evacuation of 
of the Peninsula, it went to Suffolk, August 
30, where it remained till the last of June, 
1863, taking part in numerous scouts and skir- 
mishes in the vicinity, and in the siege of that 
place byLongstreet. In July, 1863, it embarked 
at Portsmouth for Charleston, S. C, where it 
remained till February, 1864, taking an active 
part in the siege of Fort Wagner and Fort 
Sumter. In Februar\'. 1864, it went to Jack- 
sonville, Fla., and from there to Gloucester 
Point, opposite Yorktown, in April. Here it 
was attached to Butler's command; went to 
Bermuda Hundreds, where it took part in 
every engagement prior to May 26th, at which 
time it was again sent to the army of the Poto- 
mac at Cold Harbor, where it took part in 'the 
unsuccessful assault on Lee's works; June 13th 
it again ascended the James river, landed at 



City Point, atid, .on the 15th, assisted in taking 
the outer works at Petersburg. All this time 
Mr. Abbott was with the regiment, except 
from May 30 to June 11, 1S64, and was in 
every expedition and engagement in which the 
regiment took part,- except the battle of Cold 
Harbor. He was promoted to second lieuten- 
ant June I, 1S63, and was discharged with his 
regiment at Indianapolis, June I, 1S64. On 
the 26th of December following, he re-enlisted 
at Washington, D. C, in company B, First 
U. S. veteran volunteers (Hancock's corps". 
was on detached duty in Washington city from 
January 11 to April 21, 1865, and witnessed the 
demonstrations of joy over the fall of Richmond 
and surrender of Lee, and of sorrow over the 
assassination of Mr. Lincoln. June 12, his 
regiment was a part of the guard at the hang- 
ing of Mrs. Surratt, and he was the sentinel 
immediately in front of the scaffold. The 
regiment 'was sent to Baltimore to relieve the 
Eleventh Indiana regiment in July, and com- 
pany B went on duty as provost guards, at the 
old slave market; and here Mr. Abbott was 
discharged, at the expiration of his term. 
January 26, 1865. 

Returning to Indiana, he came to Lebanon 
and attended the Presbyterian academy six 
months, and then studied law with Messrs. 
Cason & Harrison and Boone & Harrison, of 
which latter firm he became a member in 1871: 
but retired in 1873 to engage in the newspaper 
business, purchasing an interest in the Leban- 
on Patriot, the county organ of the republican 
party, of which party he was a zealous mem- 
ber. Five years of newspaper experience, 
covered the panic period from 1873 to 1878, 
served to bankrupt him, and he returned to 
the law practice in 1879. In iSSS he became 
a democrat, and in November of that year was 
appointed judge of the Boone circuit court, to 
fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of 
Hon. T. J. Terhune. Mr. Abbott was mar- 

ried, March 22. 1S68, to Miss Laura Williams, 
daughter of Eliphalet and Mary (Harding) 
Williams, at Lancaster, Jefferson county, Ind. 
To them have been born five children, viz: 
Edgar W., Mabel, Gracie, Walter A. and 
Edith. Gracie died in infancy. The others 
are living, and. with their parents, are mem- 
bers of the Missionary Baptist church at Leb- 
anon, 'of which Mr. and Mrs. Abbott are con- 
sistent members, he having been its first clerk, 
and now being one of its trustees. Edgar W. 
and Mabel are engaged in teaching in the 
graded schools. 

EEXRY ADAMS, a substantial farmer 
of Center township, Boone county, 
Ind.. is a \eteran of the Civil war, 
and almost totally disabled through 
service in defense of his country. He is of 
English extraction, but comes directly from a 
long line of Kentuckians, his grandfather, 
Gowan .\dam;, having been a pioneer of Old- 
ham county, that state. Absalom, father of 
Henry, was born in Kentucky in 1801, and 
married Sallie. daughler of Henry and Polly 
A. (Beasley \"arble. the former a German and 
an old settler of Kentucky, and to Absalom 
and Sallie were born ten children, viz. : Reu- 
ben, Armilda J.. John, Henry, William, Har- 
rison, Polly .A.. Willis, Eliza and Absalom. 
The father of this family was a much respected 
farmer, a member of the Baptist church and a 
strong Union man. which latter fact caused 
him a great deal of trouble with his neighbors, 
who persecuted him and at times caused him 
to sleep out at night to avoid annoyance at 
their hands, .\lthough too old to take an act- 
ive part in the conflict himself, he gave to the 
Union cause two sons, both of whom, Henry 
and Willis, served in company F, Ninth Ken- 
tucky cavalry. 

Henry Adams was born on the Kentucky 



homestead, December 19, 1S37, was educated 
in the subscription schools of his neighborhood, 
and in 1 86 1 enHsted in the Home guards at 
Covington church, Oldham county, under 
Capt. Morris, in an independent company, and 
was principally' on guard duty, although he 
took part in a skirmish near Campbellsburg, 
and another near New Castle. He next enlisted 
August I, 1862, at Eminence, Henry county, 
Ky., in company F, Ninth Kentucky cavalry, 
alluded to above, in which his brother Willis 
also served twelve months. With this regi- 
ment Henry took part in' the battle at Crab 
Orchard and a skirmish at Cumberland Gap. 
The last of .\ugust, 1S62. at 12 o'clock at 
night, Mr. Adams and his brother were guard- 
ing prisoners, and, their company being at a 
distance on picket duty, the brothers joined 
Capt. Luckefs company of the same regiment 
and engaged in the two days' fight at Rich- 
mond, Ky., and here Mr. Adams was struck by 
a piece of shell in the side and his horse killed 
under him. Mr. Adams had the ribs of his 
right side crushed, was paralyzed, placed on 
horse-back and ridden 1S5 miles to Louisville, 
unconscious of his condition or his actions, and 
.did not recover his senses until the lapse of a 
month, when he found himself in the hospital, 
in which he was confined from September i, 
1862, until February, 1863. He was dis- 
charged for disability in January, however, and 
sent home in February. He was granted a 
pension, at first of $iS a month, with a little 
over $1,000 back pay; in 1887 it was increased 
to $30, and in 1S90 to $72 per month; he also 
received $200 on account of total disability of 
right leg, with $100 to be allowed every three 
years. The marriage of Mr. Adams took place 
July 25, 185S, to Louisa E.. daughter of James 
and Nancy C. Padgett. Mr. Padgett was a 
highly respected farmer of Trimble county, 
Ky., and the father of nine children, who were 
named as follows; Louisa £., Mary J., John 

W., Julia A., Mildred, Sally, James H., 
Thomas and Mitchel. He died at the age of 
sixty-five years in Kentucky, a member of the 
Baptist church. To the union of Mr. and 
Mrs. Adams have also been born eleven chil- 
dren, who are named James W. , Thomas, 
Willis, Nancy J., George, Joel,' Sarah E, 
John, Vina, Agnes, and an infant, deceased. 
In 1886 Mr. Adams came to Boone county, 
Ind., where he owns a snug farm of fifty-si.\ 
acres and a neat home. He and wife are 
members of the Christian church, and in politics 
he is a stanch republican. He is a member, 
also, of the Silas J. Long post, G. A. R., of 
Elizaville, Boone county, Ind., and is a man 
of sterling worth and a good citizen. 

M generation has passed away since the 
A 1 young men of the nation were aroused 
to action by the outbreak of the rebell- 
ion. At that time, the subject of this sketch 
was a boy at school, with as little thought of 
becoming a soldier as any little boy of to-day. 
Possessed of a strong frame, sturdy limbs and 
an intelligent mind, he was of good material 
for a soldier, and he promptly volunteered his 
service in behalf of his country, and on serving 
out his first term he re-enlisted and served to 
the close of the war. His battles, skirmishes 
and marches are the best evidences of his 
valor as a soldier, and his patient endurance 
of prison life his most noble tribute of love to 
his country. A boy thrown at so early an 
age under the rough influence of army life 
either developes and strengthens character or' 
takes the downward course. Young Adams, 
after his long service of four years and four 
months as a soldier, came out of military life 
with his ambition strengthened and a determi- 
nation to make his life a success and become a 
useful citizen. How well he has fulfilled his 



resolution, will be attested by every citizen of In- 
diana who is familiar with his record as a man, 
a lawyer and a jurist. Judge Adams is of 
English stock and an old American family. 
His grandfather was one of the pioneers of 
Kentucky, contemporaneous with Daniel 
Boone. He settled in Bath county, where he 
reared four sons — James, Aaron, Thomas and 
Solomon the father of our subject, who was 
born in Bath county, Ky., in 1803 and was 
reared a farmer. 

Solomon Adams married Nancy, daughter 
of William J. and Catharine (Sequist) Griffiths, 
and a large family, consisting of eleven chil- 
dren resulted from this marriage: John, Mary, 
Catharine, William J., Thomas J., James M., 
Gabriel H., Joshua G., Hiram F., Caleb F. 
and Solomon T. This is the proper order of 
birth and all were born in Indiana — the first 
two in Switzerland county, but reared in Hen- 
dricks county. Mr. Adams came to Indiana 
and settled in Switzerland county about 1825- 
30, and moved, after thirty-five years of age, 
to Hendricks county, where he made his home, 
clearing up a farm from the wilderness and be- 
coming a substantial farmer. He was a well- 
known pioneer citizen, much respected by the 
old settlers, and was justice of the peace, and 
held other township ofBces. He was an officer 
in the Christian church, of which his wife was 
also a member. He was an old-line whig, 
afterward a republican and a strong Union man 
during the war, in which he had four sons — 
Thomas J., Gabriel H., Joshua G., and Hiram 
F. The two latter were in company I, Ninth 
regiment, Indiana volunteercavalry. Thomas 
J. served through the war and in all the 
battles of his regiment; Hiram F. was taken 
prisoner at Florence, Ala. , and was never after 
heard from; Gabriel H. was in company C, 
Fifty-first regiment, Indiana volunteer infantry 
as a private, but was promoted through the 
grades to captain. He was wounded at the 

battle of Nash\-ille, and he was a prisoner, be- 
ing captured at Rome, Ga., in Gen. Straight's 
raid, and was confined at Belle Isle. Solo- 
m'on Adams died on his farm in Hendricks 
county, aged sixty-three years. He was one 
of those American patriots who sent an unus- 
ual number of sons to fight for the Union. 

Joshua G. Adams, our subject, was born in 
Hendricks county, Ind., February 19, 1S45, 
on his father's farm. He first attended the 
district school, and at the age of si.xteen vears 
enlisted at Lizton, Hendricks county, Septem- 
ber 10, 1 86 1, in company C, Fifty-first regi- 
ment Indiana volunteer infantry, for three 
years. He was honorably discharged at 
Louden, Tenn., where he re-enlisted as a vet- 
eran on January i , 1864, and" was honorably 
discharged January 10, 1S66, at Indianapolis, 
as a corporal, serving in all four years and 
four months. He was in the battles of Shiloh, 
the two days' battle with Buell, and in the cam- 
paign from Pittsburg Landing to the siege of 
Corinth. This campaign was almost one con- 
tinued battle until the evacuation of Corinth. 
He was also in the battle of Stone River from 
beginning to end, Missionary Ridge, Dalton 
and Nashville. He was in Gen. Straight's 
raid, his regiment being mounted, the' horses 
having been captured from the surrounding 
farmers. On this raid he was in the battles 
of Day's Gap and Crooked Creek, the fighting 
continuing five days and nights, during which 
time the command marched a great distance, 
from Decatur, Ala., to Rome. Ga., and des- 
troyed a great amount of Confederate property 
and railroad communication;. The brigade 
lost one-fourth of their men in killed and 
wounded. They had no sleep during the 
night e.xcept such as they could get upon their 
horses. This brigade consisted of 1,300 select 
men from different commands. They were 
vigorously pursued by Confederate forces of 
8,000 cavalry under Gen. Forrest from the 



beginning to the end of the raid. At Rome, 
Ga. , the bridge was destroyed, and on May 3, 
1863, Col. Straight was obliged to surrender 
the brigade near Rome, Ga., and our subject 
found himself a prisoner, his brother — Capt. 
Adams — being with him. They were taken in 
cattle cars to Atlanta, thence to Danville 
Junction, Va. , and from there to Richmond, 
and confined at Belle Isle four months. Gen. 
Straight and his officers were confined in 
Libby prison, and he planned and successfully 
carried out, with the help of his fellow-officers, 
by means of a tunnel, the'ir famous escape from 
that den of misery. During Mr. Adams four 
months' confinment he had barely enough corn 
bread and rotten bacon, filled with ashes and 
maggots, to subsist upon. This bacon, with 
nigger peas, was often made into soup, from 
which the soldiers would skim the maggots 
before eating. The island was a sand bar, 
and there was no shelter of tents or shade, and 
the camp had been used so long as to be alive 
with vermin. 

Mr. Adams was young and had a powerful 
constitution, and endured the terrible ordeal 
with little sickness. He was paroled and 
marched to City Point. Va., where they 
embarked on a vessel and went to Baltimore, 
thence to Columbus, Ohio, and Camp Chase. 
The regiment reached Columbus about 350 
strong, ragged, filthy, bare-footed and bare- 
headed. Here they received supplies and went 
to Indianapolis on a furlough, where they were 
exchanged, and in the fall of 1863 went to 
Chattanooga. As the officers were in Libby 
prison, the regiment for awhile worked in the 
National cemetery. Receiving officers, the 
regiment was assigned to Wood's division, 
Fourth corps, army of the Cumberland, and 
was in the battle of Nashville and down the 
Ohio and Mississippi rivers to Cairo, and were 
at New Orleans on July 4, 1865, on their way 
to Texas, where they remained until late in 

December. January 10, 1866, they were dis- 
banded. Mr. Adams was neither wounded nor 
in the hospital, and his regiment was never on 
a march or in a single battle or skirmish, in 
which he did not take active part. He was a 
brave, efficient, and gallant soldier during the 
long service of over four years,*" and was not 
yet twenty-one years of age when honorably 
discharged from his country's service at the 
close of the war, after which he returned home 
to find his father and mother both dead. The 
April following he entered Danville academy 
for one year, and taught and attended school 
for two years. He then attended the North- 
western university at Indianapolis, now Butler 
university, for two years, and began the study 
of law \\ ith Hon. Levi Ritter, also teaching 
school at Coatsville, Amo, and other places. 
Judge Adams was admitted to the bar in I 87 1 
at Danville. Hendricks county, where he began 
to practice, continuing until 1876. He was 
here appointed deputy prosecuting attorney, and 
this year, 1S76, was elected prosecuting attor- 
ney for the circuit comprising Hendricks and 
Marion counties, and in 1878 was elected judge 
of this circuit, after which he moved to Indian- 
apolis, while he held this office, and remained 
for six years. In 1885 he moved to Frank- 
fort, where he practiced law until 1893, when 
he moved to Lebanon, where he is now prac- 
ticing his profession. In political opinions he 
is a stanch republican. He is a non-affili- 
ating Odd F"ellow and K. of P. Judge Adams 
married Jul}' 2, 1873, Augusta P., daughter of 
William and Rachael (Piper) Brown. They 
became the parents of two children — Mary 
E. and Paul B., who died aged eleven years. 
Judge Abbott is a member of the law firm of 
Adams cS: Carter. He has always taken an 
active interest in educational matters, and was 
a member of the school board at Danville, and 
has aided in all public improvements. The 
i judge is a man of broad ideas and liberal views 



of life, founded on a wide experience of men 
and affairs. He is a friend to the oppressed, 
and a strong sense of justice will not allow 
him to see injustice go unrebuked, nor the 
strong oppress the weak, without more than a 
protest on his part. His life is an excellent 
example of what our best American volunteer 
soldiers have accomplished during and since 
the war. 


Among the farmers of Boone 
county, Ind. , is the gentleman 
whose biography follows: His an- 
cestors settled in Rowan county, N. C, at a 
period antedating the war for independence. 
Travis Alexander, who was our subject's grand- 
father, was a patriot, and bore arms seven 
years in our struggle for freedom. He was a 
member of the Ancient Order of Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons when Gen. Warren, who fell at 
the battle of Bunker Hill, was the grand wor- 
shipful master of .America. After independ- 
ence was achieved, Travis sold his plantation 
in North Carolina and moved out to Scott 
county. Ky.. where he again bought an exten- 
sive body of land, and engaged in raising 
mules, negroes and cattle, until the time of his 
death. His second son, William, our subject's 
father, was born in Rowan county, N. C, 
June 5. 1790. When but a child he came 
with his father to Kentuck}". In early man- 
hood he was raised to the degree of master 
mason and enlisted as a soldier in the war of 
1812. He was at the massacre of the River 
Raisin and with a few others merely escaped 
with life. He was married to Elizabeth 
Denny on Christmas day, 1S14, soon after 
which event he moved to Owen county, Ken- 
tucky, where he bought a body of land and 
followed the occupation of his father. There 
were born unto them five children. /. r. : 

Lewis, Francis, Jane, Elijah, and Wesley. 
His wife died August 25, 1.S25. He was next 
married to Parmelia Buford in 1829. His 
widow survived him until 1855. 

Wesley \^^ Alexander, whose name intro- 
duces this sketch, was born on his father's 
plantation October 30 1S24. Left an orphan 
when too young to know his loss, he lived 
with his grandfather, Lewis Denny, who emi- 
grated to Boone county, Ind., in the autumn 
of 1830. He dwelt with his grandfather until 
he was eighteen years of age. He then went 
to Delphi, Ind., where he served three years, 
under Arthur Coudle}', learning the cabinet- 
maker's trade. He then came to Thorntown, 
Ind., and opened a business with Samuel An- 
toman. At this time he was initiated into 
Boone lodge. No. 9, F. & A. M., and now 
holds the oldest membership in his lodge. 
Although he did inherit, as a part of his father's 
estate, some slaves, yet he was an avowed 
abolitionist in the 'forties, when to be an aboli- 
tionist was as much an outrage against society 
as to be a thief or an atheist. He supported 
John C. Fremont in 1856, and Lincoln in 
i860. He fled the republican camp in 1S72 
and now gingerly votes the democratic ticket. 
He was married to Miss Miriam Hill, in Thorn- 
town, on the ninth day of November, 1847, 
and the fruits of their union have been : Francis, 
John, William, Medora, James and Harrison, 
the last named deceased. In 1851, he unwit- 
tingly mixed a bottle of nitric acid and linseed 
oil. It exploded in his hands and so impaired 
his vision that he determined to again engage 
in agriculture; accordingly he located on the 
Grand Prairie, west of Lafayette, and then, in 
1855, bought the land where he now resides. 
As a mechanic in wood, he has few equals and 
no superiors. His industry and frugality have 
enabled him to possess many of the necessi- 
ties and most of the comforts of so simple and 
useful a life as is his. He has seen: 



V Behind the scared squaw's bark canoe \ 

A steamboat rant and rave; j 

Seen town lots staked for sale / 

- Above the Indian's g-rave." ; 

As, in his greener years, he was a cunning 
artificer in wood, nor employed a journeyman 
to execute his best designs, so now, that the 
evening of his life has come, he gathers intelli- 
gence from afar, nor asks any aid to frame his 

>j»OHN T. ALEXANDER is one of the 
fl soldiers of the Civil war, a native of 
A 1 Boone county, Ind., and a respected 
citizen, descending from an old Ameri- 
can family of North Carolina. His father, 
\\'illiam Alexander, a native of North Carolina, 
was a soldier of the Mexican war, and came 
when a young man to Boone county, Ind., 
among the pioneers. He married in Rush 
county, Ind., Ruah Lyons, and they were the 
parents of seven children, as follows: John, 
who died aged twenty-one years; Ira, William, 
Sarah J., Andrew, Elizabeth, and John T. 
Mr. Alexander settled in Clinton township in 
the woods during the 'thirties, entered land and 
cleared up a farm, where he passed the re- 
mainder of his days and died in middle life. 
He and his wife were members of the Baptist 
church and in politics he was an old line whig. 
He was a major in the Mexican war and was 
afterward known as Major Alexander. Mr. 
Alexander was a man of ability and integrity 
of character. He had three sons in the Civil 
war — Ira, in company I, Tenth regiment Indi- 
ana volunteer infantry, as a private, who served 
three months and was in the battle of Rich 
Mountain; William, who was in the Morgan 
raid; and John T., our subject. 

John T. Alexander was born March lo, 
1844, in Clinton township, received a common- 
school education, and was but seventeen years 
of age when he enlisted in company F, For- 

tieth regiment, Indiana volunteer infantry, at 
Lebanon, in October, 1861, under Capt. Elias 
Neff and Col. William Wilson. His enlist- 
ment was for three years or during the war. 
He served out his enlistment and was honorably 
discharged in December, 1863, at Loudon, 
Tenn., and immediately re-enlisted the 
same day as a veteran, and served to the 
close of the war and was honorably dis- 
charged at Texarkana, Texas, in December, 
1865. He was in the battles of Shiloh, the 
last day's siege of Corinth, Perryville, Stone 
River; Missionary Ridge, and then to the re- 
lief of Burnside at Knoxville. He was in 
many hard skirmishes and also participated in 
the Atlanta campaign. He was severely 
wounded in the battle of Kenesaw Mountain, 
while in charge on the rebel works — shot 
through the right thigh — and was in the hos- 
pital at Nashville, Tenn., and at home on a 
furlough from June 27th until the battle of 
Franklin, Tenn., in which he took an active 
part. He was knocked down and stunned 
during a charge at this battle, the fight being 
hand to hand, but was not disabled. He was 
then in the two days' battle at Nashville, and 
crossed the gulf of Mexico with his regiment 
and returned after the close of the war. He 
was always an efficient soldier and took an ac- 
tive part in all the battles and skirmishes of 
his regiment, except when wounded and in 
hospital. Mr. Alexander was promoted to 
first duty sergeant. 

After the war he returned to Lebanon and 
engaged in the milling and elevator business. 
He filled the offices of constable six years, 
deputy sheriff two years, and city clerk two 
years. Upon November 16, 1868, Mr. Alex- 
ander married Julia A. Shirley (see sketch of 
James W. Shirley), daughter of Elija and 
Elizabeth (Darnall) Shirley. 

Mr. Shirley was a prosperous farmer in 
Perry township and died in middle life. To 



him and wife were born, four children, of whom 
but one Hved to maturity, Julia A. Mr. Shir- 
ley was a member of the Christian church. 
Mrs. Shirley still survives him. John T. Alex- 
ander and his wife Julia are the parents of 
three children — Frorence Etta, Lizzie Maud, 
and William Albert. Mr. Alexander has been 
engaged in the' milling and elevator business 
for years, has^ been generally.' successful ■ and 
owns a pleasant home. The family are all 
members of the Christian church and he has 
been deacon of same for ten years. Politi- 
cally he is a republican. Fraternally he is an 
Odd Fellow, is a member of Ben Adhem 
lodge, No 472, and has passed all the chairs 
of both the subordinate lodge and the encamp- 
ment; he is also a member of the G. A. R. , 
Rich Mountain post, Lebanon. Mr. Alexander 
has a splendid military record, among the best 
in Boone county. He served with credit to 
his country and himself and is now the head 
of a 'respectable family. - His daughter, ! 
Florence E. , married Lloyd Nelson, a farmer 
in Boone county; Lizzie Maud married Lora 
Masters, and they have one child — Ruth. Mr. 
Alexander met with. a severe accident in cele- 
brating at a soldiers' meeting in the first Grant 
campaign. He was loading a cannon and had 
just rammed the load home when the thumber 
took his thumb from the vent and a premature 
discharge occurred which tore his left hand 
badly, breaking his arm and throwing him ten 
feet into the air, rendering him senseless. He 
had a narrow escape from death and was con- 
fined to his bed for ten weeks His hand was 
ruined for life. 

IN. ARMSTRONG, a farmer of Sugar 
Creek township, Boone county. Ind., 
and a practical blacksmith, was born in 
the state of Ohio in the year 1S24. His 
father, Christopher Armstrong, died in 1834, 

having lost his wife some years previously, our 
subject thus becoming an orphan at the early 
age of ten years. The parents were church 
members, and carefully reared their three 
children to a life of morality as long as they 
were spared to them, and instilled such les- 
sons of usefulness and industry as made their 
offspring the valued members of society they 
afterward became. The family early settled 
in Franklin county, Ind., and in Metamora, 
that county, I. X. Armstrong served an ap- 
prenticeship of four }ears at blacksmithing, 
becoming an adept at the trade. From 
Metamora he moved to New Trenton, in the 
same county, where, for twelve years, he fol- 
lowed his trade with much pecuniary profit. 
While a resident of New Trenton he married, 
in 1S44, Miss Mary Sparks, a native of Frank- 
lin county, born in 1825. This marriage was 
blessed with four children, viz: Charles A., 
who died an infant; George, also deceased; 
Frank, now a hardware merchant at Thorn- 
town, Ind., and Willie, a babe that died when 
five weeks old. Relinquishing his trade in New 
Trenton for the pursuit of agriculture, Mr. 
ArniStrong traded off his establishment for a 
farm of 160 acres in the vicinity and cultivated 
it for ten years, and then came to Boone 
county, in 1S66, and bought a farm of 160 
acres, which he partially improved, but in a 
short time moved to Colfax, Clinton county, 
Ind., and followed his trade for eight years; he 
then returned to his farm in Boone county, on 
which he resided two years. He again became 
tired of farm life and moved back to Colfax, 
where, in partnership with his son Frank, he 
went into the hardware business.' Four years 
later, he returned to his farm in Boone coun- 
t}-, where he has since lived in peace and com- 
fort, being the owner of 100 well improved 
acres, and enjoying the respect of his neigh- 
bors and his fellow-members of the Presbyter- 
ian church. In politics he is a democrat. 



'BRAHAM ARTMAN was born near 
the town of Augusta, Marion county: 

T . M Ind., December i8, iS6o, and is 
descended from German ancestors, 
who settled many years ago in the state of 
Pennsylvania. His grandfather, Andrew Art- 
man, was a native of the Keystone state, born 
near the city of Pittsburg, and reared a family 
consisting of the following children: Joseph, 
Michael, William, John, Abraham, Catharine, 
Annie and James A. The eldest son, Joseph 
Artman, father of Abraham, left Pennsylvania 
a number of years ago and became a resident 
of Indiana, where he is still living at an ad- 
vanced age; his wife, whose maiden name was 
Elizabeth Dunlap, daughter of Robert and 
Elizabeth Dunlap, is also a native of Pennsyl- 
vania, and has borne her husband the follow- 
ing children: Rosanna, Amanda, William. 
Sarah, Samuel R., Mary J., Francis S.. and 
Eli, all of whom, with the e.xception of 
Amanda, who died while quite young, grew to 
years of maturity. 

Abraham Artman was reared to agricultur- 
al pursuits and remained under the parental 
roof until attaining his majority, attending, in 
the meantime, the common schools, in which 
he obtained a fair knowledge of the English 
branches. Subsequently he pursued his stud- 
ies in the Union high school, Westfield. and 
in 1 88 1 engaged in teaching, which profession 
he followed with the most gratifying success 
for a period of eight years. Mr. Artman is a 
natural-born teacher, and his success as an 
educator is sufficiently attested b\- his retention 
for a number of terms in the same locality, 
having taught for a period of seven successive 
years in three buildings. In March, 1891, he 
became a resident of Marion township, Boone 
county, where he has since resided and where 
he has accumulated a sufficiency of worldly 
goods to place him in easy circumstances. He 
is an enterprising, intelligent man, a close ob- 

server, interested in all movements thar per- 
tain to the well-being of the community, and 
has before him a promising future. Polidcally 
he wields an influence for the democratic 
party, the principles of which he has earnestly 
advocated ever since his twenty-firs: year. 
On the 9th day of June. 18S3, Mr. Artman 
and Miss Luella, daughter of Stepher. and 
Mary (Xewby) Moulton, were united in the 
bonds of wedlock, a union blessed by the birth 
of the following children; Gracie N., bcm Jan- 
uary 12, 1S85, died October 7, 1S92; Minnie 
E., born August 17, 1S86: Lacie I., bim Sep- 
tember 18, 1888; Alva C. born July 1. 1S90, 
died December 10, 1890; Ogle J., borr. Octo- 
ber II. 1 891, and Alta X., born January iS, 

SAMUEL R. ARTMAN, chairman of 
the Boone county republican rentral 
committee, and city attcrre}- of 
Lebanon, Ind.. is a native A the 
county of Boone, and was born May 15. 1S66. 
His parents were Joseph and Elizabeth Dun- 
lap) Artman. both natives of Pennsylvania. 
Joseph ^vas a son of .Andrew Artman. also a 
native of the Keystone state, where he passed 
his life in the peaceful pursuit of agrirulture. 
Joseph was also reared to farming in his native 
state, and was there married. He starred out 
in life a poor boy, and in 1855 came t: Indi- 
ana and located in Marion county atout si.x 
miles from Indianapolis, where he tilled the 
soil until early in the spring of 1866, v.hen he 
moved to Union township, Boone county, 
where he has made for himself and fiinily a 
good home and where he has ever since re- 
sided. There have been born to him sons 
and four daughters, of whom one daughter 
died in childhood. Mr. Artman is a democrat 
in his political proclivities, and socially he and 
his family enjoy the good opinion and confi- 
dence of the entire communitv. 



Samuel R. Artman was reared to manhood, 
in Union township, Boone count}-, attended 
the common school until seventeen years of 
age, and then taught two consecutive terms in 
Marion township. During this time and for 
some time following he attended the State 
Normal institute, where he lacked but one 
term of taking a full course, and this lack was 
owing to a failure of his eyes, which caused 
him temporarily to leave the school-room. In 
the winter of i8S6-S7and 1 8S7-88, however, 
he was assistant principal of the Lebanon high 
school and began reading law in the interim. 
In the fall of 1 888 he was nominated on the 
republican ticket for county surveyor, was 
elected, and for two years performed the du- 
ties of the office most efficiently. He then 
read law with T. W. Lockhart, of Lebanon, 
was admitted to the Boone county bar in the 
fall of 1890, but continued as a student until 
the fall of I 89 1, when he formed a partnership 
\sith his former preceptor, which connection, 
however, lasted but one year, as Mr. Lock- 
hart then mo\ed to Bakersfield, Cal. ; Mr. 
Artman ne.\t practiced alone for one year, and 
then united with John L. Lewis, under the 
firm name of Artman & Lewis, who now oc- 
cupy the finest suit of offices in I .ebanon and 
enjoy a lucrative practice. 

As intimated, Mr. Artman is in politics a 
republican, and is one of the most active and 
ardent members of that party within the 
boundaries of Boone county, and has sacri- 
ficed much to his political principles, being 
the only member of his family who is con- 
vinced of their soundness and their efficacy for 
the good of the government. He has indeed 
risked his filial and fraternal ties on this 
account, his father and brothers being among 
the stanchest of dernocrats. Mr. Artman is 
now chairman of the Boone county republican 
central committee, as stated above; he had 
been a member of the Lebanon school board 

for eighteen months, when he resigned to fill 
the vacancy occasioned by the withdrawal of 
Mr Lockhart as city attorney, and succeeded 
himself in this office by-election in December, 
1892, and re-election in the spring of 1894. 
Fraternally, Mr. Artman is a member of Boone 
lodge, No. 9, F. & A. M. , in which he was 
worshipful master two years, and is also a 
member of K. of P. lodge, No. 4. The mar- 
riage of Mr. Artman was solemnized May I, 
iS89, with Miss Addie A. Cobb, who was born 
in Boone county, Ind., May 31, 1868, and is a 
daughter of Capt. Thomas A. Cobb, of Marion 
township. This union has been blessed by 
the birth of one child — Thomas B. — February, 
1890, Mr. and Mrs. Artman are members, in 
good standing, of the Christian church, and 
their position in society is a most enviable one. 

@ FORGE \V. BAIRD, one of the prom- 
inent business men and president of 
the First National bank at Lebanon, 
Ind., has long been identified with 
the best interests of Boone county. His grand- 
father, Archibald Baird, was a native of Buck- 
ingham county, Va. , was a farmer, and passed 
all his days in his native state. Samuel D. 
Baird, his son, and father of George W., was 
born in Buckingham county, Va., but went to 
Kentucky when a young man. He married 
Susan Ratliff, daughter of Zepaniah Ratliff, of 
Kentucky, and to this union were born fifteen 
children, twelve of whom lived to grow to 
maturity, and all married, except one son, 
Milton. The twelve that reached maturity 
were named: Ratliff, Angelina, Mary, Phila- 
delphia, Archibald, Henry J., Caleb, Milton, 
Elizabeth, Joseph, George W., and Margaret. 
Mr. Baird lived in Bath county, Ky., where he 
passed all the rest of his days, and was a sub- 
stantial citizen; was a wheelwright and farmer, 
owning a large farm, and was a slast owner. 



Politically, he was an old-time whig, and in 
religion a member of the Presbyterian church, 
while his wife was a life-long member of the 
regular Baptist church-. Mr. Baird lived to be 
seventy years old and died on his farm in 1853. 
Mrs. Baird died in 1S33. She was a woman 
of a noble christian character and Mr. Baird 
was very prominent in his county. 

George W. Baird was born on his father's 
farm October 13, 1825, received a common 
school education and was reared a farmer. He 
married in Bath county. May 10, 1848, Annie, 
daughter of Gen. Samuel and Sallie (Lane) 
Stone. Gen. Stone was a prominent man, 
was a large land owner and sheriff of his 
county twice. By this marriage Mr. Baird 
had two children, both dying in infancy. In 
September, 1853, became to Boone county, 
Ind. , and settled on a farm in Washington 
township. Mrs. Baird died in the fall of 1854 
and he moved to Lebanon and engaged in the 
grocery buisness, and then in the livery busi- 
ness, and then was in the grocery and general 
mercantile business many years. In 1874 
he engaged in the wholesale boot and shoe 
business, and in 1880, while engaged in the 
business in Lebanon, was elected vice-president 
of the First National bank of Lebanon. He 
was one of the original incorporators of this 
bank and one of its first and largest stock- 
holders. This bank was chartered in 1872 
with a capital stock of $100,000 and with 
John C. Daily president and A. O. Miller 
cashier. The bank did a successful business 
and in 1892 a new charter was granted for 
twenty years, the old charter having expired. 
The capital stock is now $75,000; George \V. 
Baird, president, Levi Lane, vice-presfdent 
and Wesley Lane, cashier, and Mr. J. DeVal, 
assistant cashier. The bank is doing a large, 
safe and successful business, and has a high 
standing among the financial enterprises of the 
state. Mr. Baird, in politics, was first an old- 

line whig and then a democrat; but although 
frequently solicited, Mr. Baird has never 
accepted public office. He is a member of the 
Baptist church, holds the office of church 
trustee and has been a life-long supporter of 
this denomination, to which he is a liberal 
contributor of his means. He assisted to build 
the present Baptist church edifice and also 
aided all the other churches. He was one 01 
the early members of the I. O. O. F. in 
Lebanon, and for many years was quite active 
and held all the offices in the lodge. He is 
now non-affiliating on account of his health. 
Mr. Baird married March 2, 1S36, Sarah A., 
daughter of Joseph C. and Minerva (Tomlins' 
Lane, widow of Dr. Boone of the famous 
Daniel Boone stock. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Baird were born two children, Jessie B. and 
Nettie. Beside Mr. Baird's banking business, 
he has a large farm one mile from Lebanon, 
which he himself manages. He is a public- 
spirited man, has been and is interested in all 
public enterprises. He is a man of quiet 
manners, and it is needless to say that his 
integrity is unimpeached. 

ISAAC N. BARKER, well known as a 
farmer and stock breeder in Sugar 
Creek township, Boone county, Ind., 
is a native of Wayne county, Ind.. 
born January 17. 184 1, and a son of Jeremiah 
and Jane (Kerlin) Barker. Jeremiah Barker was 
born in North Carolina April i . 1 8 1 3, and was a 
son of Isaac and Mary (Co.x) Barker, who were 
also natives of North Carolina, of English de- 
scent. Isaac was a substantial farmer and the 
father of fourteen children, having been twice 
married, and of these children, nine were by 
our subject's own grandmother, Mary (Cox 
Barker, and were named as follows: Enoch, 
Hannah, Jeremiah, Rutli, Nicholas, John. 
Elijah, Catherine, and Margery. Isaac and 









% '"^'^^^^^^'■^^^M^MSp^^sQJ^^ 


V ■ v^ ' m 




Mary, who were members of the Friends' 
church, were among the pioneers of Boone 
county, Ind., having come here in 1833, wheq 
the woods were filled with Indians and wild 
animals, and here they entered 160 acres in 
the wilderness, from which they hewed out a 
comfortable home, on which they resided until 
their respective deaths, his occurring in 1844, 
and hers in i860. Jeremiah Barker, father of 
our subject, \vas nineteen years of age when 
he left the parental roof, married Jane Kerlin, 
and came to Wayne county, Ind., where he 
lived until 1843; then he moved to Boone 
county, where he resided until 1857, when he 
went to Howard county Iowa, where he pur- 
chased land on which he lived until his death, Jan- 
uary 5, 1858, his widow surviving until July 4, 
1S76. They were the parents of thirteen chil- 
dren, born in the following order: Martha, de- 
ceased; Benjamin, a fruit grower of California; 
Elijah, of Howard county, Iowa; Sarah, de- 
ceased; Isaac N., the subject of this sketch; 
Mary, deceased; William, of Howard county, 
Iowa; Malinda, deceased; Catherine, wife of Al- 
bert Haines, of Day county, Dak. ; Marger}", wife 
of Dwight Dow, of South Dakota; Jeremiah, 
deceased; Amos, of Howard county, Iowa, 
and John, of Portland Oregon. The parents 
and all the children were members of the 
Friends' church — the father and his sons all re- 

.Isaac N. Barker was married September 7, 
1862, in Boone county, Ind., to Jane M. Cox, 
a native of Montgomery county, Ind., and 
daughter of Enoch and Rachel Cox; to this 
marriage were born two children, viz : Rachel, 
wife of John Doan, of Sugar Creek township, 
Boone county, Ind., and Charles L., living 
with his father. Mrs. Jane M. Barker died 
October 16, 1867, and Mr. Barker was next 
married December 2, 1S68, in Boone county, 
Ind., to Cyrena A. Brown, who was born iu 
Sugar Creek April 4, 1842, a daughter of Seth 

and .Alice Brown, and to this union have been 
born three children, viz: Perry M., Murray 
S. and Elbert J. The family are all members 
of the Friends' church, and in politics the male 
members vote the republican ticket. Mr. 
Barker owns 167 acres of fine arable land in 
this township, but gives his attentiort chiefly 
to the raising of livest6ck, making specialties 
of swine and poultry. He began breeding 
Berkshire swine in 1869, and from that time 
until the present has stood at the head of the 
list of valuable swine owners. 

Mr. Barker's herd of Berkshires is unex- 
celled in the state of Indiana, if, indeed, any- 
where else, and at the World's fair it secured 
several valuable prizes; his poultry also stood 
well at the front, and was successful in carry- 
ing off more than one first-class premium. In 
fact, Mr. Barker is known all through the coun- 
try as a supreme judge of poultry and swine, 
and has been called as far west as California, 
and as far east as New York, to act as judge at 
exhibits of both swine and poultry. Mr. 
Barker is a gentleman of very observing habits, 
and of keen and discriminating judgment in all 
that pertains to his particular vocation; he is 
pleasant to deal with in his transactions, and is 
accorded to be one of the most upright and 
conscientious dealers in the country. His 
standing in society is co-equal with that in 
business circles, his integrity and purity of 
character being without a blemish. 

>Tr'OHN E. BEASLEY— One of the most 
m useful and beautiful of the arts preserv- 
A 1 ative is that of the taxidermist. To 
the naturalist, the skill is not only use- 
ful, but of the highest importance, as he pre- 
serves, by means of his art, in the most natur- 
al manner, all forms of life and many species 
and varieties of life that must soon become 
extinct. John E. Beasley, our subject, is not 



only one of the most expert taxidermists in the 
United States, but is a naturahst of experience, 
and is a correspondent of the Smithsonian In- 
stitution. His father, Thomas Beasley, was a 
shoemaker by trade and a 'resident of the city 
of Leicester, England. He married Elizabeth 
Hunt, and to them were born eleven children, 
now all deceased except our subject and one 
sister, Anna E. Ferry, an artist of Indian- 
apolis. In 1852 Thomas Beasley settled in 
Indianapolis, where he resided for many years. 
He died in August, 1S93, aged eighty-eight 
years, a respected citizen. 

John E. Beasley, our subject, was born 
November 7, 1826, in Leicester, England; he 
received the common education of his country 
and learned the trade of shoemaker and the 
art of a taxidermist, in which latter he soon 
became very useful. In 1853 he came to 
America and settled in Philadelphia. In 1854 
he went to Indianapolis and resided fourteen 
years and became the leading taxidermist of 
the state. He was also foreman of the boot 
and shoe manufactory of .\dam Knodle & Son. 
In 1 866 he came to Lebanon and engaged in 
the manufacture of boots and shoes, employ- 
ing from five to seven men and doing an ex- 
tensive business, but still following his favorite 
pursuit of taxidermist. In 1884 he retired 
from the boot and shoe business, and has since 
devoted his entire attention to the more con- 
genial pursuit of the taxidermist. Specimens 
of his art may be found in many of the best 
private collections of the United States. He 
is also correspondent, and reports matters of 
scientific interest relating to our native birds 
and animals to the Smithsonian Institute at 
Washington, and also to the Indiana Academy 
of Science of Brookville. Ind. Mr. Beasley 
also prepares specimens for the Indiana State 
museum and the most fastidious private col- 
lectors throughout the country. Some years 
since he prepared an African lioness at Leba- 

non, which is one of the largest animals he has 
prepared. He has prepared most of the 
American wild animals and birds, and many 
foreign specimens. His work has the most 
natural appearance — some of his specimens, 
especially the hald-headed eagle, are very fine 
— the attitude and expression being ''very life- 
like — its grand and fierce beauty being perfect- 
ly preserved. Mr. Beasley's many years' ex- 
perience, extending over nearly half a century, 
his rare genius and natural love of his profes- 
sion, have enabled him to develop it to its 
fullest capacity. He is one of those men who 
study with keen eye, quick ear and active 
mind, and has spent much time in the woods 
and fields to gain a thorough knowledge of the 
life, action and habits of animals and birds on 
their native heath. Being a lover of nature 
he has all the naturalist's patience and keen- 
ness of observation. 

In December, 1858, Mr. Beasley married 
Cynthia A., daughter of Harrison Waugh of 
Indianapolis, and' to them were born three 
children: George, deceased an infant, Edward, 
deceased at nineteen years of age. and Carrie 
A. In political opinions Mr. Beasley is inde- 
pendent. He has been successful in his en- 
terprise, and owns valuable real estate in Leb- 
anon, consisting of an attractive residence 
and business block. He stands high through- 
out the state of Indiana as the foremost artist 
in his profession. As a citizen he has the re- 
spect of the people of Lebanon as an honor- 
able and upright man. 

HLFRED D. BECK, a retired farmer 
of Lebanon, Boone county, Ind., was 
born in Union county, Ind. , October 
31, 1823, a son of Abraham and Eliza 
(Winchester) Beck, the former of German de- 
scent and a native of North Carolina, the lat- 
ter of English descent and a native of Tennes- 



see. Abraham Beck grew to manhood in 
North Carolina, having the advantage of the 
common schools, and was early taught indus- 
try and economy. In the fall of 1822 he re- 
moved to Union county, Ind., where he resided 
until 1838, when he removed to Boone county 
with his family and lived the remainder of his 
life. He was the father of ten children, four 
of whom are now living. Mrs. Eliza Beck 
represented one of the pioneer families of Ten- 
nessee, where she grew to womanhood and 
married, and later with her husband became 
one of the pioneer families of Indiana. She 
was the aunt of Gen. Winchester of Tennessee 
of the war of 1812. Mr. and Mrs. Beck ex- 
perienced all the hardships of pioneer life of 
southern Indiana, having come to the state 
with limited means, where they were called 
upon to forge from the forest a home, in which 
they succeeded. They were good religious 
people, reared a large family as faithful workers 
in the church, and afforded them the educa- 
tional advantages of that day. 

Alfred D. Beck was reared a farmer and 
educated in the common schools of his native 
county, remaining upon the home farm with 
his parents until arriving at his majority, at 
which time he began life upon his own respon- 
sibility. He engaged in farming and stock- 
raising, and continued to reside in Jefferson 
township, Boone county, until 1887, when he 
removed to Lebanon, since which time he has 
lived a retired life, enjoying the fruits of his 
earlier labors. Mr. Beck was married April 6, 
1848, to Miss Susan E. Sanders, the daughter 
of John- and Sadie Sanders, which union was 
blessed by the birth of two children, namely: 
James H., deceased, and an infant, deceased. 
Mrs. Beck, the mother of these children, died 
in 1 85 1, and Mr. Beck's second marriage 
occurred April 11, 1854, to Margaret J. Alex- 
ander, the daughter of John Alexander, and to 
this union seven children have been born, six 

of whom are now living, namely: Lelia, wife 
of Thomas Goodwin; Udorah, wife of Isaac 
Hooten; Susan, wife of George Taylor; Alex- 
ander W. ; Estella, wife of Charles Witte; and 
Grant, of Chicago. ' The one deceased was 
Lonzo. Mr. and Mrs. Beck are members of 
the Christian church, and socially are highly 
respected wherever known. Politically Mr. 
Beck is a republican. The Beck family has 
always been recognized as among the most 
respected citizens of Boone county, and Mr. 
Beck's past industry and frugality entitle him 
to the enjoyment of his retired life. Mr. Beck 
owns 200 acres of finely improved land in Jef- 
ferson township. 

ISAAC H. BELLES, a very prominent 
farmer of Washington township, Boone 
county, Ind , is a native of Ohio, and 
was born in Hamilton county, Febru- 
ary 22, 1 8 16. He is a son of William and 
Mary (Huff) Belles, natives of New Jersey and 
of German, Holland and French extraction. 
They were among the early pioneers of Ohio, 
and about the year 1837 moved to Boone 
county, Ind., settling in ^^'ashington township, 
where they resided until his death. She died 
in Iowa. They were the parents of ten chil- 
dren, viz: Ann, Elisha, Adam, Catherine, 
Eliza, Isaac H., Leah, William, Jacob and 

Isaac H. Belles was united in marriage in 
Hamilton county, Ohio, to Abigail M., daugh- 
ter of Andrew and Catherine May, and in 1855 
came to Boone county, Ind., and settled on 
the same farm on which he now resides. He 
now owns 200 acres of fine land, of which 165 
acres are under cultivation. He lost his wife 
by death. September 17, 1869, having had 
born to him, by her, twelve children, viz: 
David, Emmeline, Angeline, deceased, Sarah, 
deceased, Frances A., deceased, Clark W., 



Alexander, deceased, Mary M., Theodore, 
Elethia, Alva C. and Herschel, deceased. 
Mr. Belles has always led an industrious and 
upright life and there has never been the 
slightest stain attached to his name; a friend 
to religion and education, he has always con- 
tributed freely of his means to the aid of 
churches and schools, and he has never been 
behindhand in advancing the interests of his 
township and county. His name is respected 
wherever it is known, and. as an agriculturist 
there are few, if any, that equal him within 
the limits of \\'ashington township. He is a 

^T^OSEPH BELT, farmer of Perry town- 
M ship, Boone county, Ind., was born in 
nj Fleming county, K\-., March i, 1S23, 
and is the son of Joseph and Jane 
(Jones) Belt, also natives of Fleming county, 
Ky., who were there married and there resid- 
ed until 1826, when they came to Indiana and 
bought 160 acres of land in Hendricks county, 
on which they lived until 1834, when they re- 
moved to Marion county and resided about 
two and one-half miles from Indianapolis un- 
til their respective deaths in 1853 and 1S60. 
They were parents of eleven children, all de- 
ceased excepting Joseph, who was ninth in 
order of birth. 

Joseph Belt was reared chiefly in Marion 
county, and in 1846, while at Chicago with a 
drove of horses, heard of the breaking out of 
the Mexican war, and walked forty to forty- 
five miles a day to Indianapolis, where, with 
two companions, Madison Russel and John 
LaCouter, he enlisted in company F, Fifth 
regiment, and served one year and two months, 
going with his regiment to Vera Cruz, to the 
city of Mexico, to Molina del Rey, and to San 
Luis de Potosi, and was finally discharged at 
Madison, Ind. He then returned to Marion 

county, where he was employed six years in a 
grist-mill; then went to Hamilton county, and 
for three years was engaged in driving oxen 
and handling hogs, after which he drove oxen 
in Marion county three years longer; he then 
was employed three years in a grist-mill in 
Brownsburg, Hendricks county, and cultivated 
it for ten years, when he sold and bought the 
eighty acres on which he now lives. He was 
first married in Cottontown, Marion county, 
Ind., in 1848, to Elizabeth Furgeson, who was 
born in Brockville, Ind., August 28, 1824, and 
became the mother of nine children, viz: 
Amanda J., deceased; Martha E., wife of J. 
W. Swigart; Nelson J.; George; Samuel; 
Julius; Thomas; Mary, and Margaret, de- 
ceased. The mother of this family passed 
away June 20, 1888, and her remains were 
interred at Mount Tabor, Boone county. 

>T^AMES H. BENEFIEL, a progressive 
J and experienced farmer of Jefferson 
A 1 township, Boone county, Ind , was 
born here November 29, _ 1S29, his 
parents having been Samuel M. and Nancy M. 
(Taylor) Benefiel, who were respectively of 
Scotch-Irish and German-English descent. 
Both parents, however, were natives of Ken- 
tucky, and were married in that state. Mrs. 
Benefiel died in 1832, and Mr. Benefiel chose 
for his second life companion Elizabeth Cald- 
well. To his first marriage were born three 
children, and to his second marriage two chil- 
dren were born. 

James H. Benefiel was educated to the use- 
ful calling of farming by his father, to whom 
he rendered good and faithful service in return 
until his marriage, December 29, 1853, to 
Mary E. Sample, daughter of James and 
Isabelle (Wiley) Sample, both of Scotch-Irish 
extraction, but of American birth, the father 
having been born in Ohio, and the mother in 


Kentucky. Mr. and Mrs. Sample were the 
parents of twelve children, of whom seven are 
still living. The father of the family passed 
to his final repose in 1852, his widow follow- 
ing in 1S83. To the marriage of James H. 
Benefiel and Mary E. Sample have been born 
si.x children, viz.: Edna J., wife of Leonard 
Peterson; Samuel E. ; Amanda I., wife of Ma- 
rion Swail; Henry A., Robert L. , and James M. 
The first business venture of Mr. Benefiel was 
in 1S73, when he purchased a farm in Jeffer- 
son township, .Boone county, Ind., the farm 
being then of moderate dimensions, but now 
increased, by his skill, economy and industry, 
to one of goodly proportions, on which he and 
family reside, enjoying the respect of all their 
neighbors. They are faithful members of the 
Presbyterian church, and the political procliv- 
ities of Mr. Benefiel are republican. 

^~^^ M- BEST, the leading and most pros- 
>^^^^ perous dry goods merchant of James- 

h\_J town, Boone county, Ind., as well as 
a veteran of the late Civil war, was 
born February 9, 1843, and reared in the city 
of Zanesville, Ohio, in which state his grand- 
father, Valentine Best, a native of Ireland, 
was the first of the family to settle. Valen- 
tine Best, son of the one above named, was 
but one year of age when his father died, and 
he was consequently reared by his widowed 
mother. He married Miranda Fox, whose 
father was a native of Virginia, and to this 
marriage were born the following children: 
William J., Sarah A. (who died at the age of 
si.xteen), S. M., George B., Laura, John H., 
Mary F. , Ida and Charles. The father was-a 
prominent merchant of Zanesville for many 
years, was a steward and class leader, also 
leader of the choir, in the Methodist Episcopal 
church, and always took a deep interest in the 
Sabbath school, of which he was superintend- 

ent for many years. Mrs. Best was also a de- 
vout member of this church. For several 
years, also, Mr. Best was president of the Mus- 
kingum Valley Fair association. He was a 
member of Amity lodge, F. and A. M., and 
Woodland lodge, I. O. O. F., in both of 
which he reached high degrees. In politics he 
was a republican, and passed away in March, 

.S. M. Best graduated with honors from the 
high school of Zanesville, and had prepared 
himself by home study for admission to the 
junior class of the Ohio Wesley college, when 
the Civil war broke out. He immediately 
responded to the call for volunteers and 
enlisted in company E, Third O. \'. I., which 
was at once sent to (West) Virginia, where, at 
Gauley Bridge, with eleven companions, he 
received the fire of the first rebel gun dis- 
charged in the state; he also took part in the 
battle of Rich Mountain. His term of service 
having expired, Mr. Best enlisted in company 
C, Seventy-sixth O. V. I., of which Mr. Best 
was appointed orderly sergeant. He took part 
in the battle of Fort Henry and next at Fort 
Donelson, where, the captain being unable for 
duty, Mr. Best was placed in command of the 
compan}-; ai the siege of Corinth he still acted 
as captain. After the capture of Corinth the 
regiment was sent to Memphis, Tenn., and 
thence to Helena, Ark., where it encamped 
several weeks; thence it went to the Yazoo 
river, up as far as Haines' Bluff, where, after 
a running fight of three daj's, it was repulsed; 
at Arkansas Post this regiment led the charge,- 
and here Captain Best lost fourteen men out 
of sixty-eight in twenty minutes, but his com- 
pany was the first to mount the breastworks. 
After the capture of the Post, the division 
encamped a while at Helena, and was then 
j sent to raid and devastate the country, in order 
I to deprive the guerrillas of subsistence; in this 
I raid, 4,000 contraband negroes were taken pos- 



session of. Capt. Best also fought at Grand 
Gulf, Port Gibson, 'Raymond, and Champion 
Hills, and was at Jackson when Gen. John- 
ston's train pulled out in full view. His next 
engagement was at Black river, where took 
place the hardest fight in the Vicksburg siege; 
after the surrender of the city, Capt. Best's 
regiment was ordered to Jackson and Meridian 
to destro}' shops and railroads, etc. ; on his 
return to \'icksburg he was honorably dis- 
charged. August 27, 1863, with the rank of 
captain. ..Within a week, Capt. Best shipped 
on board the United States steamer Brilliant, 
and was appointed paymaster's clerk. The 
vessel soon steamed past Fort Henry, and took 
part in the fight at Nashville, after which the 
Brilliant was transferred from the Tennessee 
to the Cumberland river, where Capt. Best 
distinguished himself as bearer of dispatches 
from Commodore Fitch to the commander of 
the upper Tennessee, through a country 
thronged with the enemy. He was later sent 
down the river to intercept Jeff. Davis, and 
received his final discharge August 27, 1865. 
On his return to civil life, Capt. Best was 
married, February 8, 1866, to Melissa J. Al- 
kire, daughter of James and Sarah (Cutches) 
Alkire — the father a farmer of large means, 
then residing near Columbus, Ohio, but now 
in New Ross, Ind. The children born to this 
happy union have been named, in order of 
birth, as follows: Ida May, Elnora, James, | 
Alice and Edgar. In 1884 Capt. Best came 
to Jamestown, Boone county, where he has 
ever since been. In politics, he is a stanch 
republican, and in religion he and wife are de- 
voted Methodists, in which church he has offi- 
ciated as steward and trustee several years, and 
has long been superintendent of the Sabbath- 
school. At present he is president of the Ep- 
worth league, and treasurer of the school 
board. He is past chancellor of Venus lodge, 
No. 43, K. of P., and has been appointed dele- 

gate to the grand lodge; he is likewise a mem- 
ber of Luther lodge. No. 227, I. O. O. F., 
which he has represented in the grand lodge; 
and is also a member of the Odd Fellows' en- 
campment; he organized the Henry Howard 
post. G. A. R., New Ross, and was a charter 
member thereof; for six years he has been com- 
mander of Antietam post, No. 162, G. A. R , 
and he has been a leading spirit in every or- 
ganization with which he has ever fraternized. 

">-T*OHN S. BLACK, an enterprising and 
M successful farmer of Harrison township, 
A 1 Boone county, Ind., came of English- 
Irish stock, and was born in Henr\' 
county, Ky. , March 11, I 831. His great-grand- 
father on the paternal side came from Ireland 
and settled in Culpeper count}', Va. , in the colon- 
ial days, and took an active part in the war for 
the release of the colonies from the t}Tanny 
of British rule, and the establishment of the 
American union of independent states. James 
Black, his son, was born in Culpeper county, 
Va. , shortly after the Re\'olutionary war, and 
and was reared a farmer, and followed this 
vocation all his life. He was married in \'ir- 
ginia, but at an early day, however, contem- 
poraneously with Daniel Boone, he moved to 
Bourbon county, Ky. , where he reared a family 
and passed the remainder of his days, dying a 
devout member of the Christian church. Of 
his six children, James, the father of John S., 
our subject, was born in Culpeper county, \'a., 
in 1798, and moved with his father to Ken- 
tucky, where he was reared on the home farm 
and educated in the common schools, such as 
they were. He was an energetic leader in the 
Christian church, and was an associate of the 
renowned Rev. Campbell, the founder of the 
faith. Mr. James Black moved from Bourbon 
to Henry county when he was about fort\- 
years of age, and settled on 140 acres of 



government land, to which he afterward added 
ninety acres. He was quite intluential in 
both Bourbon and Henry counties, and died 
universally respected. 

John S. Black, the gentleman whose name 
opens this sketch, was reared a farmer and was 
educated in one of the old-fashioned log school- 
houses of his youthful days. He resided on 
the home farm until the death of his father, 
when he hired out for a year to superintend 
the farm of his brother.-in-law, and for four 
years following was engaged "in merchandizing 
with his brother's widow in Trimble county. 
In iS6o he married Sally, daughter of William 
and Cordelia Foree. The Civil war now 
breaking out, he joined the Confederate army, 
and fought until the close of the struggle. He 
enlisted at Bedford, Trimble county, Ky., 
September ii, 1862, in company G, Ninth 
Kentucky cavalry, and went from Lexington 
to the Cumberland mountains, to intercept 
Gen. Morgan, of the Union forces, and then 
fought for seven days and nights without sleep- 
ing or eating. He was then in the raid 
through Tennessee and back into Kentucky, 
tearing up the tracks of the Louisville and 
Nashville railroad, taking 10,000 prisoners and 
reaching within ten miles of the city of Louis- 
ville; he was next ordered to Murfreesboro; 
but reached that point too late for the light; 
was ne.xt in the battle at Snow Hill, which ex- 
tended in a running fight to Milton, where 
within forty yards of the breast works he was 
shot through the thigh and left on the field, 
his companions running out of ammunition. 
He was made prisoner and confined four weeks 
in the prison hospital, whence he was removed 
to Nashville, thence to Louisville, and one 
week later to Baltimore, Md., where he was 
exchanged the following week, and rejoined 
his command at Ringgold, Ga. His next 
fight was at Missionary Ridge, where the first 
day the battle lasted from early morn until 

four o'clock in the afternoon, and the next 
day four hours. At Taylor's Ridge the strug- 
gle was ver}' heavy; Grant charging the works 
four times without success. Mr. Black next 
saw service at Atlanta, where he was a courier, 
an office incurring great risk and a very great 
responsibility as bearer of dispatches. Here 
he succeeded in conveying orders to burn the 
Confederate arsenal and two long trains of 
railroad cars, to prevent them from falling 
into the hands of the enemy. After the fall of 
Atlanta, Mr. Black was sent with a brigade of 
cavalry to escort Pres. Davis to the trans- 
Mississippi. Gen. Breckinridge, in command 
of the escort, accompanied Davis from North 
Carolina to Washington, Ga., and here they 

After the close of the war Mr. Black passed 
a year in Henry county on a farm, and here 
his wife died, leaving two children, Sammy G. 
and Lizzie H. Mr. Black then came to Boone 
county, Ind., and here married, December 2, 
1 866, Betta Black, widow of his brother Wil- 
liam, and daughter of James Henry and Nancy 
Pinnell. Willie J. Black was a lieutenant in 
the Confederate army, was a brave officer and 
beloved by his men, and died of typhoid pneu- 
monia, March 26, 1864, at Talledega, Ala., 
where he was buried with the honors of war. 
To this union have been born four children, 
viz.; John K., a datighter; Henry Utz, daugh- 
ter; Charles and Custis; the last named died 
at the age of two years. Mrs. Nancy Pinnell 
departed this life when her daughter (Mrs. 
Black) was quite small, and the following 
obituary notice, taken from the Lebanon Pio- 
neer of April 21, 1892, gives a succinct ac- 
count of the life of Mrs. Black's father: ' 'James 
Henry Pinnell was born in Virginia, May 16, 
1 8 16, and died at his home in this city on 
Monday, April iS, 1892. From Virginia the 
deceased moved to Henry county Ky., here he 
grew to manhood's estate, and married a Miss 



Wilhite, who bore him five children: John W. 
Pinnell, of Somerset, Ky. ; R. I. and James E. 
Pinnell, Mrs. John S. Black and Katy. the 
first wife of our townsman, Henry C. Ulin. 
His first wife died in 1885 and Mr. Pinnell 
came to this county the following year, locat- 
ing in Harrison township. Here he married 
Mrs. William Higgins, mother of Borton S. 
and WiUiam Higgins, and, by her last mar- 
riage, of Julius W. Pinnell, who still survives. 
When Mr. Pinnell first came to Boone county, 
Harrison township was almost a wild waste of 
untillable swamp land. With that indomita- 
ble energy which has always characterized the 
man, he set about to improve it. It was al- 
most a life work, but he accomplished the 
task, and recently turned over to his children 
about 800 acres of the finest farming land in 
Boone county, retaining for his own use some 
200 acres. 

" Mr. Pinnell, in politics, was an ardent ad- 
vocate of the principles of democracy, believ- 
ing that those principles stood for the greatest 
good to the greatest number of people. He 
never served the people in public office except 
as trustee of Harrison township. Religiously 
he was a member of the Christian church and 
supported heartily the faith of that denomina- 
tion. In the death of Mr. Pinnell the com- 
munity loses a good man — a man of strong 
principles and noble impulses — an honest and 
upright citizen. Mr. Pinnell's illness dates 
back to last Thursday, when he caught a se- 
vere cold attending the funeral of his little 
grandchild, Ruth Pinnell. He was in feeble 
condition and rapidly grew worse until the end 
came, Monday forenoon, at 10 o'clock. The 
funeral was conducted Wednesday A. M., at 
10 o'clock, by Elder E. L. Lane, after which 
the burial took place at Rodafer cemetery 
[Lebanon]. On Mr. Pinnell's first coming to 
Boone county, he purchased 240 acres of wild 
land, which he increased by his own efforts to 

1,250 acres. He was a most successful farmer, 
owing to his profound knowledge of practical 
agriculture, gaining the respect of his neigh- 
bors, not only for this, but for his upright con- 
duct in all his business transactions and his 
strictly moral walk through life." 

Mr. and Mrs. Black are devoted members 
of the Christian church, whose interests they 
have always sustained by every means in their 
power, financially and otherwise. In politics 
Mr. Black is democratic; he has filled the office 
of township trustee, but has declined to as- 
sume the duties of other civil offices, having 
already performed his duty in full for his fel- 
low citizens of Boone county. His first pur- 
chase of land in Boone county was a tract of 
1 20 acres, but now, by hard work and the ex- 
ercise of the sound judgment for which he is 
noted, he owns 200 acres. 


ILEY H. BOHANNON, a worthy 
resident and well known old citizen 
of Worth township, Boone county, 
Ind , is a native of Stokes county, 
X. C, where his birth occurred upon the thir- 
teith day of September, 1814. Hisfatherwas 
Elliott Bohannon, also a native of North Caro- 
lina, and his mother, Sarah Yates, was born 
in the same state, and they married there and 
reared a family. Subsequently they emigrated 
to Indiana, locating in the county of Franklin, 
where they passed the remainder of their days. 
The following are the names of their seven 
children: Frances, Richard, William, Wiley 
H., Mary, Elizabeth and Elliott S. 

Wiley H. Bohannon spent the first seven- 
teen years of his life in the state of his nativity 
and about 1S31 came with his parents to 
Franklin county, Ind. He grew to manhood 
on a farm, attended, at intervals during his 
minorit}-, such schools as the country afforded, 
and has always devoted his energies to the 



pursuit of agriculture. Miss Letty Yates, to 
whom he was united in marriage on the ninth 
day of July, 1S37, was br.rn January, 181 5, in 
North Carolina, the daughter of William and 
Martha (Durham) Yates, who came from the 
above state to Indiana as early as the year 
1 83 1. After his marriage, Mr. Bohannon 
settled in Franklin county, where he lived un- 
til 1852, in the spring of which year he 
changed his residence to the county of Boone, 
purchasing his present farm in Worth town- 
ship, where he has since made his home. In 
his chosen calling, Mr. Bohannon has display- 
ed most excellent judgment, and he believes 
that agriculture is one of the most honorable 
as well as most satisfactory occupations in 
which a man can engage. His farm is well 
improved, containing good buildings, and a 
greater part of his 106 acres is under a success- 
ful state of cultivation. Socially he commands 
the esteem of his fellow-citizens or Worth and 
belongs to that large and eminently respectable 
class of people whose virtues and intelligence 
add luster to a communit}-. By his first mar- 
riage he had seven children, only one of whom 
— James G. — is living at this time. Mrs. Bo- 
hannon was called from the scenes of her 
earthly trials on the twenty-third day of April, 
1873, and August 10 of the same year Mr. Bo- 
hannon was united in marriage with Mrs. 
Phebe F. Small, widow of Andrew J. Smail; 
to this marriage were born five children: 
Daniel W., Thomas W., Willis H., Martha J., 
and Wilburn R. In 1891 Mr. Bohannon's 
home was again visited by the death angel, on 
November 4 of which year his wife died. 


I I oldest medical practitioner of Boone 

/^^_^ county, is descended paternally from 

French ancestry, and on the mother's 

side is of English lineage. His grandfather 

Bounell came to the United States at a period 
antedating the war of Independence, in which 
struggle he took part, and settled at Elizabeth, 
N. J., where he married a Miss Hughes, and 
afterward moved to Kentucky. After a resi- 
dence of one year in that state he emigrated 
to Ohio, thence returned to New Jersey for the 
purpose of procuring money, and while on his 
way back to his new home in Ohio was mur- 
dered by either white men or Indians. 

Matthew Bounell, father of the doctor, was 
born in New Jersey, but went to Ohio with his 
father when a small boy. After the latter's 
death he learned the blacksmith's trade, which, 
however, he did not follow, but chose inst'ead 
the life of a farmer. He married in Butler 
county, Ohio, Ruth Flover, and to them were 
born nine children — John, Abigail, Daniel, 
Amy, Mary, Sarah, Matthew H., Jesse and 
Aaron. In October, 1828, Matthew Bounell 
moved to Clinton county, Ind., and entered a 
tract of wild land before the county was organ- 
ized. He was one of the original pioneers of 
Clinton, when there were but five white fami- 
lies in the county, namely: John Douglass, 
William Clark, David Kilgore, David Young 
and a Mr. Kirk. The country at that time was 
a primitive wilderness, Indians were numerous 
and the forests abounded in wild game. The 
early settlers had to depend largely for meat 
on wild turkey, deer, prairie chickens and wild 
hogs, while the nearest market was Lafayette, 
twenty-five miles away. Mr. Bounell entered 
nine lots of eighty acres each, and became a 
substantial farmer, with his residence on 
' ' Twelve Mile Prairie. " He and his wife were 
members of the Methodist church, and it was 
at his house, in an early day, services and 
quarterly meetings were held. The noted Meth- 
odist itinerant divines often preached in Mr. 
Bounell's residence. 

Mr. Bounell was a soldier in the war of 
1 8 1 2. He was one of the founders and organ- 



izers of Clinton county, and at his house, 
which was of hewed logs two stories high, the 
first political convention was held to nominate 
county officers. He was a hard-working, pru-. 
dent, man, universally respected for his integ- 
rity, and died in 1863, aged seventy-seven 
years. His wife lived to be eighty-three years 
old, and like her husband was a true type of 
the pioneer of si.xty years ago. 

Dr. Matthew H. Bounell was born on a 
farm in Butler county, Ohio, November 12, 
1822, and was but six years of age when 
brought by his parents to Indiana. The jour- 
ney to the new home in the wilds of Clinton 
county was made with a large wagon drawn by 
four yoke of oxen, and a small two-horse wagon 
and it is a fact worthy of note that but two 
houses were passed by the little company after 
leaving Indianapolis until they reached the 
log cabin which Mr. Bounell had erected the 
previous spring. The doctor well remembers 
the early pioneer settlers and the times in 
which they lived, and his reminiscences of the 
pioneer period are numerous and very interest- 
ing. The doctor's early education was ac- 
quired in the old-fashioned log school-house; 
later he attended school at Frankfort for a 
limited period and for one year pursued his 
studies at Asbury university, Greencastle, Ind. 
Having decided to adopt the medical profession 
for his life work, the doctor, after some pre- 
liminary study, entered, in 1846, the Rnsh 
Medical college, Chicago, and in 1847 em- 
barked upon his professional career at Leba- 
non, Ind., where in due season he built up a 
large practice, which, owing to the poverty of 
the majority of the people, was not very re- 
numerative. In 185 1 he located at Younts- 
ville, Montgomery county, where he practiced 
successfully for ten years, and in the mean- 
time, 1856, he again entered Rush Medical 
college, from which he was graduated the fol- 
lowing year. In 1861 he returned to Lebanon 

and resumed the practice, and was thus en- 
gaged until 1863, at which time he raised 
company G, One-Hundred and Sixteenth In- 
diana infantry, being elected and commission- 
ed captain when the company was organized. 
Later he was made major-surgeon of the regi- 
ment, and for some time acted as post-surgeon 
at Tazewell, Tenn. ; and was also for a limited 
period surgeon of the brigade. He acted as 
surgeon at the battles of Blue Springs and 
Walker's Ford, and on returnig home again 
resumed the practice at Lebanon, which was 
continued then very successfully until 1S72, 
when he moved to his present farm of 440 
acres, not far from the county seat. Dr. 
Bounell still continues in active practice, and 
his professional services are in great demand 
throughout Boone and counties adjoining. He 
has been an enthusiastic student of his profes- 
sion, keeps fully abreast of the times and is a 
patron and deep reader of the leading medical 
journals of the day of both Europe and the 
United States, possessing a valuable and exten- 
sive library, collected with great care during 
his long practice of forty-seven years. 

Dr. Bounell married in September, 1S44, 
Mary Louisa Kilgore, daughter of David 
and Elizabeth (Clark) Kilgore — the father of 
Mrs. Bounell being one of the early pioneers 
of Clinton county, Ind. Mrs. Bounell died in 
the spring of 1S62, leaving two children — 
Thomas A., a practicing physician for twenty- 
two years at New Brunswick, Boone count}', 
and India J., at home. In 1863 the doctor was 
'united in marriage to Elizabeth Heath, daugh- 
ter of Joshua Heath, a prominent merchant of 
Lafayette; and to this union have been born 
two children — Dr. Harry M , of Jamestown, 
and Dr. E. Guy, at this time a medical stu- 
dent at Indianapolis. Joshua Heath was a 
very prominent man of Scotch lineage, and 
was a republican, and a class leader in the 
Methodist church. At the time of his death 




he was retired from active labor, his Hfe hav- 
ing been principally engaged in niercantile pur- 
suits. The doctor is a republican and is, with 
his wife, a member of the M. E. church. So- 
cially the doctor and his family are great fa- 
vorites in the social circle and are greatly re- 
spected by the community at large. 

^V^ENJAMIN BOOHER, one of the 
1^"^ wealthiest residents of Boone county, 
J^^J and one of the most energetic and 
business-like farmers of his township, 
intelligent and self-made, descends from good 
old Pennsylvania-German stock, and is well 
worthy of a prominent place in this vol- 
ume of biographical records. His grandfather, 
John Booher, on coming from Germany to 
America, first located in I he Keystone state, 
and there married a native of Germany, and 
to this union were born the following-named 
children: Jacob, Mary, WiHiam, Benjamin, 
John, Frederick, Isaac, Henry and Elizabeth 
.All of them, imbued with the stamina of their 
origin, grew to maturity, emigrated to the 
farming lands of Virginia and Tennessee, and 
reared families to add to the wealth of the 
nation through their incessant toil. John 
Booher, the grandfather, finally found a home 
in Sullivan county, Tenn., in the early settle- 
ment of that section, but still retained his farm 
in \\'ashington county,' \'a. He was a slave, and a well-to-do planter of consider- 
able influence in both states. His son, Jacob, 
the father of Benjamin, our subject, was born 
in Pennsylvania, March 3, 1777, and when a 
boy of twelve, in 1789, found himself a resi- 
dent of Tennessee. He there learned the 
blacksmith's trade, and there married Cathe- 
rine Barnett, a daughter of Nicholas and 
Barbara Barnett, and to this, his first mar- 
riage, were born five children, named William. 
Mary, Elizabeth, Gurdianas and John M. 

This lady was called away in due course of 
time, and Mr. Booher married her sister, Eli- 
zabeth Barnett, and to this union were born 
seven children, viz: Catherine, Jonathan, 
Jacob, Ambrose, Lucinda, Benjamin and 
Leander. December 8, 1834, Jacob Booher 
left Tennessee and came to Iniiana and set- 
tled on 160 acres of entered land in Mont- 
gomery county, to which he subsequently add- 
ed by purchase 240 acres, but not immediately 
adjoining his entered property. He became a 
man of much wealth and influence and a repre- 
sentative citizen. He and wife were faithful 
members of the Lutheran church, and in poli- 
tics he was a Jacksonian democrat. He lived 
to be si.xty-eight years of age, and died July 
29, 1845, on his farm in Montgomery county, 
Ind. , mourned by all who knew him. 

Benjamin Booher, of Lebanon, Ind. . with 
whom this particular sketch has most to do, 
was born on his father's farm in Sullivan 
county, Tenn., September 5, 1S21. He re- 
ceived the education usually accorded in the 
common schools of his early days, but was an 
apt scholar and quick to learn through self- 
application to ttie books that came within his 
command. He was thirteen years of age 
%\-hen he came to Indiana with his parents, 
and here he was invigorated both in body and 
mind through the severe discipline of farm 
labor. He was married in Boone county Oc- 
tober 20, 1842, to Margaret, daughter of Wil- 
liam and Margaret (Hughes) Beeler, and of 
the twelve children born to this genial union 
eleven are still living, one son having died 
I when an infant. The order of birth is: Mar- 
I tha, Margaret E., William J., Albert L., Ben- 
! jamin C Sylvester C, \'ando L., Adelaide 
i M., Mark A., Emma R., Daniel B. and Min- 
nie F. 

Benjamin Booher had been but three years 
married when he located in what is now 
Whitestown, Boone county, where he bought 


ninety acres in dense wilderness. He cleared 
it of its heavy timber, and by hard work and 
thrift increased his possessions to 1,700 acres, 
almost all of which is in one body, and all of 
this large property, with the exception of 320 
acres, he has given to his children, donating 
to each of the eleven a comfortable-sized 
farm. After the death of his first wife, Mr. 
Booher married Mrs. Mary Smith, who had 
borne the maiden name of Ross. He then 
moved to Lebanon, and here purchased his 
substantial and elegant brick residence, retir- 
ing from the more active duties of business, 
but stiU following his restless activity in giving 
his attention to the details of some of the more 
important business of his life. 

Mr. Booher is a man of remarkable physi- 
cal strength as well as intellectual superiority 
and force of character, and it is stated that at 
the age of fifty-five years he could easily 
spring over the back of a high horse. His 
stupendous labor in the- field and untiring 
industry have given full evidence of his physi- 
cal endurance. He is entirely self-made as to 
pecuniary affairs, but his position as an intelli- 
gent citizen of high standing before his fellow- 
men has come through nature alone. He 
takes but little interest in politics, and thinks 
for himself on all matters pertaining to politi- 
cal economy and party affairs, but yet, on one 
occasion, withdrew from his personal business 
to become trustee of Worth township, as a 
self-imposed duty. He is a thoroughly self- 
made man, and has won his present high posi- 
tion before his fellow-citizens entirely through 
his personal exertions. 

Mr. Booher's mother, Elizabeth Barnett, 
was born February 3, 1779, a daughter of 
Nicholas and Barbara Barnett; they 
were natives of Pennsylvania; and later 
they moved to West Virginia, where they 
remained until death. They were farmers and 
very devoted christian people, and were the 

parents of the following named children: 
George, Catherine, John, Adam, Jacob, Peter, 
Elizabeth, Mary, Margaret, Sarah and Nicho- 
las. The father of this family was a man of 
ordinary means, but much respected. 

SAMSON S. BO WEN, one of the oldest 
and most honored pioneers of Boone 
county, Ind. , and now a resident of 
Jefferson township, was born in 
Harrison county, Ky., August 19, iSiS. His 
parents were Francis and Sarah G. (Turley) 
Bowen, who died, respectively, August 20, 
1 866, and July 19, 1874. Mrs. Sarah G. 
Bowen was a daughter of William Turley, a 
native of Virginia. She bore her husband 
twelve children, all of whom lived to manhood 
and womanhood. Francis Bowen was of 
\\'elsh extraction and by trade was a tanner. 

Samson Bowen, when he became old 
enough for manual labor, was hired out to a 
planter until he reached the age of eighteen, 
when, in November, 1836, he came to Boone 
county, Ind., worked industriously, and in 
August, 183S. purchased a farm of forty acres; 
in 1840 he bought forty acres additional, and 
eventually increased it to 280 acres, on which 
he has his present home. April 11, 1844, 
Mr. Bowen was joined in wedlock with Miss 
Mary A. Burke, daughter of Samuel and 
Elizabeth (Basket) Burke, who had born to 
them a family of thirteen children, of whom 
Dr. George L. Burke of Jamestown is one. 
Samuel Burke died September 24, 1839, and 
Mrs. Elizabeth Burke was called from earth 
February 27, 1865 — the remains of both 
being interred in Erskine cemetery, Boone 
county. The children born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Samson Bowen were named in order of birth 
as follows: George E., born March 7, 1846; 
Elbert C, born December 7. 1847; .\rmilda 
M., born Jul\- 2, 1849. and died September 


15, 1858; Emily J., born January 19, 1851 — 
died September 21, 1853; James C, born 
May 9, 1853 — died September 27, 1853, and 
Marietta; born July 25, 1858. Mr. and Mrs. 
Bowen are pious members of the Christian 
church, and stand deservedly high in the esti- 
mation of the community in which they have 
for so many years resided and in the improve- 
ment of which they have been no small 
factors. In politics, Mr. Bowen has always 
been a faithful adherent of _the democratic 

aHARLES H. BOYD, a thrifty and 
respected farmer of Harrison town- 
ship, Boone county, Ind., springs 
from sturdy Irish stock. His great- 
grandfather, the first of the family to come to 
America, settled in Maryland; his grandfather 
settled in Franklin county, Va., and was a 
patriot of the Mexican war; William Boyd, 
the grandfather of Charles H. was born on his 
father's furm in Marvland, married in Frank- 
lin county, Va. , accumulated a handsome es- 
tate, and died a highly respected citizen. 
Henry Boyd, son of William, and the father 
of our subject, was also a native of Virginia, 
in which state he passed his entire life. 

Charles H. Boyd was born in Carroll 
county, Va., May 22, 1843, grew up a poor 
boy and secured his education at home. He 
lived on his birthplace until the commence- 
ment of the Civil war, when he enlisted in 
Floyd county, Va., in March, 1862, in com- 
pany B, Fifty-fourth regiment of Confederate 
volunteers, Capt. Dobbins, Col. Wade and 
Gen. Trigg being his officers. From Floyd 
county the regiment went to Montgomery 
county, Va., to drill for active service, and in 
Russell county was further prepared for war. 
His first e.xperience on the field of battle was 
in a skirmish at Princeton, whence his regi- 

ment pursued the Federal cavalry to Kentucky. 
The next engagement was at Richmond, Ky., 
where sixty Federals and fifteen Confederates 
w^ere killed — the fight lasting about three hours 
and the Federals being driven back. The 
regiment then went to Camp Dick Robinson 
and joined the army of Braxton Bragg, the 
Confederate commander-in-chief. Here it was 
engaged in a twenty-four-hour fight with Gen. 
Buell. Although the Confederates had the 
better of this batle, they were the next day 
ordered to fall back, and finally went to Black- 
water, near Suffolk, Va., and there had an- 
other battle in which the Federals were 
worsted. The next engagement was at Straw- 
berry plains and lasted seven hours; the next 
was at Cutnberland Gap, from which the Con- 
federates withdrew and went to Knoxville, 
Tenn., and then to Bridgeport; they next took 
part in the great battle of Chickamauga, which 
lasted four days. Mr. Boyd was in the thick- 
est of the battle and his regiment was in the 
last skirmish, in which it captured 700 prison- 
ers. The Confederates also captured eighty 
pieces of ordnance, many hundred small arms 
and many prisoners in addition to those men- 
tioned above. The regiment was next 
marched to Missionar_v Ridge, and after fight- 
ing a day and a half, Mr. Bo3d was captured 
and taken to Nashville, where he was plun- 
dered of all his possessions by convict soldiers. 
Here, also, a Confederate killed a convict for 
robbing him of his clothing and blankets. 
From Nashville the Confederate prisoners of 
war were transferred to Rock Island and were 
detained for over fifteen months, suffering se- 
verely from cold a portion of the time, and 
often, too, for want of full rations. When 
exchanged, Mr. Boyd went to his home in 
Virginia, where he remained until 1866, when 
he came to Boo:;e county, Ind., engaged in 
farming on rented land, and has been a tenant 
of the same family for over twenty-five years. 



February 28, 1869, he married Miss Luvinia 
(Boyd) Boyd, and has had born to him the 
following children: Tillman A., Floyd F., and 
Emma E. Mrs. Susanna Dickerson, grand- 
mother of Mrs. Boyd, when thirteen years of 
age, had the honor of meeting George Wash- 
ington. She was born and reared in Tenn- 
essee, but was visiting in Virginia when this 
gratifying event took place. Mr. Boyd has a 
vivid recollection of the famous Humphrey Mar- 
shall, under whom he also, fought, and whom 
he describes as having been a Kentucky gentle- 
man of fine appearance. Mr. Boyd is an active 
supporter of public education, and has given 
his children every opportunity he could for at- 
tending the schools of his district. He is pub- 
lic spirited and has won the esteem of his fel- 
low citizens and is recognized as a gentleman 
of integrity and worth; is the support of his 
aged mother, seventy-nine years old, belongs 
to the Missionary Baptist church and believes 
in experimental religion. 

IHOMASE. BRADSHAW, the popular 
druggist of Thorntown, Ind., was born 
near Saxapahaw, N. C., November 27, 
i85i,ason of Samuel N. and Ruth 
E. (Woody) Bradshaw. Samuel N. Bradshaw 
was a native of Orange county, N. C, born 
December 20, 1824, a son of James and Eliza- 
beth (Allen) Bradshaw, also natives of North 
Carolina, but of English parentage. Thomas 
Bradshaw, the great-grandfather of Thomas E. 
Bradshaw, was born in Ireland in 1750, as 
near as can be ascertained, and died in North 
Carolina in 1834, at the advanced age of eighty- 
four years. He was married to Lutitia Wil- 
liams, who lived to reach the wonderful age of 
one hundred and ten years. Thomas and 
Lutitia Bradshaw we^e the parents of three 
sons — William, Thomas and James. Thomas, 
the father of these three sons, was a soldier in 

the Revolutionary war, and is supposed to 
have fought Cornwallis under Gen. Greene. 
James Bradshaw, son of this Revolutionary, 
hero, Thomas, married Elizabeth Allen, and to 
this union were born five children, viz. : Thomas 
Histon, William Nelson, James Logan, Samuel 
Newton and Theodore Fletcher; of these, Sam- 
uel Newton Bradshaw married Ruth E. Woody 
in February, 1851, and this happy marriage 
was blessed with two sons and four daughters, 
as follows: Thomas E., the subject proper of 
this sketch; Man,- E., Sarah J., William J., 
Margaret N. and Abigail L. The grandfather 
of our subject, James Bradshaw, was accidently 
shot while squirrel hunting, it was supposed, 
as his dead bodj- was found in the woods; and 
Elizabeth Bradshaw, his wife, died in 1869 
Both were members of the Methodist Episco- 
pal church. Samuel N. Bradshaw, their fourth 
son, and father of Thomas E., was in his early 
days a school teacher. Of his children, Mary 
E. is the wife of W. J. Riddle, a farmer of 
North Carolina; Sarah J. is the wife of James 
D. Williams, a farmer; William J. is superin- 
tendent of convict labor in eastern North Car- 
olina; Margaret X. is the wife of P. W. Cates, 
a carpenter of the same state, and Abigail L. 
is now Mrs. Crawford. April I, 1861, Mrs. 
Ruth E. Bradshaw was called away from earth, 
and Samuel N., in 1862, married Nancy A. 
Edwards, who has borne him six . children. 
Samuel N. Bradshaw is a democrat, is quite 
prominent in local politics, and has served for 
many years as justice of the peace; in 1S65 he 
was elected captain of the home guards. 

Thomas E. Bradshaw remained on the 
parental farm until twenty years of age, when 
he came to Thorntown, Ind., engaged in general 
labor or farm work until 1876; then, as clerk 
for James Hannainadrug store for a year; then 
for another year, at various occupations; then as 
clerk for W. C. Burk for three years; then, in 
company with Mr. Nathaniel Krauss, engaged 



in the drug business from iSSi to 18S4. when 
Mr. Krauss retired, aqd his son W'iiham 
assumed his interest until 1886, when Mr. 
Bradshaw secured active control of the estab- 
lishment, and now carries a stock of fresh 
drugs and all articles pertaining to a tirst-class 
drug store, valued at $4,000; The marriage 
of Mr. Bradshaw was solemnized March 17. 
1S80, with Elizabeth .A. Langston, and this 
marriage has been favored with seven children, 
as follows: A. \V.. deceased; Jessie May, 
deceased; Edith L, Leo H.,; Thomas L. 
and William L (deceasid), twins, and Ken- 
neth \V. Mr. Bradshaw is a republican in his 
politics, and has served for the past two years 
as president of the school board, and is the 
present incumbent of said ofSce; he is a thirty- 
second degree Freemason, a member 01 the 
Mvstic Shrine, and master of the blue Ijdge; 
also past grand master in the I. O. O F. and 
member of the grand lodge; is past chief 
patriarch of the encampment-r and a member 
of of the grand encampment ; also, is a Knight 
of P)thias; he likewise was a charter member 
Oi the Indiana Pharmaceutical association, 
organized at Indianapolis May 9, 1S82. Mr. 
and Mrs. Bradshaw are members of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, and Mr. Brad- 
shaw has been a trustee in the church for a 
number of years. The family stand very high 
in the esteem of their neighbors, and Mr. 
Bradshaw is regarded as one of the most sub- 
stantial business men of Thorntown. 

prominent citizen of Clinton town- 

I . p ship, Boone county, Ind., and the 
present efficient post-master of Eliza- 
viUe, is a native of Indiana, born in the coun- 
ty of Boone, one mile north of Lebanon, on 
the 26th day of May, 1857. His father, David 
Bradshaw, was born Octolier 15, 1802, in 

Kentucky, and died in the state of Arkansas on 
the first day of July, 1876. David Bradshaw 
was one of the early pioneers of Boone coun- 
ty, ir.oving to that part of Indiana from Ohio, 
in coinpany with his father, when the country 
was in a wilderness state, and afterward pur- 
chased eighty acres of government land near 
the town of Lebanon, which he subsequently 
sold and purchased other lands — first a farm 
of eighty acres on Brown's Wonder, and, 
later, a fine piece of 160 acres on Eagle Creek 
in the township of Marion. He was married 
November 12, 1835, to Rebecca Sims, daugh- 
ter of Stephen and Elizabeth Sims, and 
reared a family of eleven children, whose 
names and dates of birth are as follows: Eliza- 
beth A., August 8, 1839; Robert A., August 
19; 1S41; Minerva C, August 15, 1843; 
Stephen S., January 3, 1845; Mary E., July 
2t, 1847; Martha L. A., January, 1849; John 
L., June 17, 1851; Charlotte L., December 
i 10, 1853; James N., November 27, 1855, and 
i Hiram A. and Horace G., twins. May 26, 
! 1857. 

Hiram Allen Bradshaw was reared to agri- 
cultural pursuits and spent his youth and early 
I manhood on a farm near Elizaville, to which 
; part of the county he was taken when nine 
I years of age. Later, he went to Arkansas, in 
j which state he resided until 1877, in the spring 
I of which year he returned to Indiana and ac- 
[ cepted a position in the goods business with 
j L. P. Hop"kins of Elizaville, in whose employ 
he continued until 1883, at which time he be- 
' came clerk in the grocery house of R. M. 
j Richey & Co., continuing in the latter capac- 
j ity for a period of about six and a half years. 
I In June, 1889, he effected a co-partnership in 
I the mercantile business at Elizaville with F. 
1 T. Carr, with whom he is still associated, and 
I the firm thus constituted does a large and 
I prosperous business, being one of the best- 
i known establishments of the kind in the 



county. Mr. Bradshaw is an energetic man 
and progressive in a]l the term implies. As' a 
financier he has displayed ability of a high 
order, and his judgment on matters of busi- 
ness policy is frequently consulted and seldom 
found to be in error. Like many of the suc- 
cessful self-made men of the time, Mr. Brad- 
shavv's early life was beset with numerous diffi- 
culties, not the least of which was the respon- 
sibility thrown upon him while a mere youth, 
owing to a serious accident which rendered his 
father a cripple. His life has been one of 
great activity, and in many respects he has 
solved the problem of success and is entitled 
to mention in these pages as one of Boone 
county's most intelligent and enterprising busi- 
ness men. Politically he wields an influence 
for the republican party, and while not a par- 
tisan in the sense of seeking official prefer- 
ment, he has been complimented with positions 
of honor and trust at different times by his 

On the second day of May, i8So, at Eliza- 
ville, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Brad- 
shaw and Louisa J. Beard — the latter a native 
of Boone county, where her birth occurred on 
the 5th day of May, 1855. This union has 
been blessed by the birth of the following 
children, namely — Adrian E., born August 29, 
1 88 1, died March 4, 1882; Addison S., born 
January 4, 18S2; Nora A., born September 
28, 1883; Grace B., born January 28, 1886; 
Noble, born January 10, 1889; Ralph, born 
March 16, 1892, and Alfie, born April 6. 1894. 
William A. Beard, father of Mrs. Bradshaw, 
was born in Boone county, Ind., February 22, 
1830, and for a number of years was engaged 
in the manufacture and sale of lumber.. He 
married Margaret Payton, whose birth oc- 
curred November 16, 1 84 1, emigrated to Mis- 
souri prior to the late Civil war, in which strug- 
gle he bore a part in defense of the national 
Union, and subsequently returned to Indiana, 

where the remaining years of his life were 
passed, dying at Elizaville in 1874. 

a APT. JAMES BRAGG.— The Ameri- 
can citizen, following the ordinary 
pursuits of daily life, is occupied 
principally with his own affairs and is 
a quiet and peaceable man, with no thought 
of military glory, and possessing no intimation 
that he has within him the instincts of a sol- 
dier. Let the liberties of the country become 
endangered and this every-day business man 
is the first to spring to arms, and, often rising 
rapidly from the ranks, will be found able to 
fill almost any office. Capt. James Bragg, the 
subject of this sketch, at the breaking out of 
the Civil war, was a prominent business man 
of Lebanon, engaged in contracting and build- 
ing. Being naturally patriotic and believing 
that the country demanded the services of 
every able-bodied man who could be spared 
from home, to defend the Union, he promptly 
enlisted, and by gallant and meritorious service 
rose from the ranks to be a captain. He is a 
descendant of an old colonial Virginia family of 
English stock, his great-grandfather having 
been a soldier in the Revolutionary war. 
Moore Bragg, the grandfather of the captain, 
was a Virginian who married Mary York, the 
daughter of a Revolutionary soldier, so that 
the captain descended in two distinct lines 
from Revolutionary ancestors. Moore Bragg 
and wife were the parents of five children — 
Wilson, Nancy, Henderson, William and 
Mary. Mr. Bragg was a farmer and a 
typical American pioneer. His wife lived to 
the great age of eighty-five years. William 
Bragg, the father of James, was born near 
Richmond, Ky. , became a farmer, and when 
young went to Fayette county, Ind., where 
he married Frances Cook, daughter of a 
Scotchman who was killed in the war of 1S12, 



and they were the parents of three children — 
John M.., James and Henderson. 

About 1839, ^Jr. Bragg, the father of the 
captain moved to Boone count}', where he 
settled on Eagle creek and there passed nearly 
the remainder of his life. He was a substan- 
tial farmer and honorable citizen. In political 
opini'->ns he was an old-line whig and one of 
the original republicans of Boone county, and 
a strong Union man during tb.e war, in which 
he had two sons— John and James. Mr. and 
Mrs. Bragg were ardent supporters of the 
Methodist church, of which they were mem- 
bers, and he contributed libarally toward build- 
ing the first frame Methodist church in Boone 
county, which was on his farm and known as 
Sugar Grove church, and in which he held the 
offices of class leader and steward. His home 
was the home of the itinerant Methodist preacher 
of those early times. 

Capt. Bragg was born in Fa3ette county, 
Ind., Februar}- 10, 1830, and was about nine 
j'ears of age when he came with his parents to 
Boone county, Ind., in 1839. He can well 
remember the scenes attending the popular 
demonstrations of the great political rally of 
1840, which was held on the famous battle 
field of Tippecanoe, and the processions pass- 
ing his father's h.ouse. He received a limited 
pioneer education in an old log cabin school- 
house and attended the Lebanon seminary in 
1849. He learned the brick-maker's business 
and became a contractor. The marriage of 
Capt. Bragg took place April 24, 1851, to 
Margaret J., who was born April 27, 1832, and 
is a daughter of Jacob and Sarah (Witt) Ker- 
nodle. Jacob Kernodle was a prominent pio- 
neer of Boone county, having settled in Center 
township, one and one-fourth miles east of 
Lebanon. He became wealthy and owned a 
large tract of land in Boone county. He built 
the first brick house in the county for his resi- 
dence, which is still standing. He was a 

model farmer and successful in his undertak- 
ings. He was very liberal in his opinions, and 
a Universalist in religion. Politically he voted 
the old whig ticket. Mr. Kernodle reared a 
family of ten children — Elizabeth, Annie, 
George, John, Harriet, David, Sarah, Sophro- 
nia, Jacob and Margaret J. 

After marriage, Capt. and Mrs. Bragg lo- 
cated at Noblesville, Ind., and then returned 
to Lebanon. Their union was blessed with 
one son, Joseph G., November 11, 1855 — now 
of Petoskey, Mich., where he located in 1888, 
and has prospered since. Up to the war, Capt. 
Bragg was a contractor and builder in Leba- 
non and the surrounding country, and erected 
many of the older buildings. He was one of 
the contractors who built the present court 
house at Lebanon, in 1856-7. He also built 
several business houses, still standing. He 
was prospering in business when the Civil war 
engaged his attention, and he enlisted at Leb- 
anon, September 15, i86i,and was elected and 
commissioned second lieutenant, October 8, 
1 861, in company F, Fortieth regiment, Indi- 
ana volunteer infantry. He was commissioned 
first lieutenant .April i, 1S62. He was in the 
battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6 and 7, 1862, 
siege of Corinth .April and May, 1862, which 
occupied nearly two months, and in which the 
Fortieth was almost continually under fire. 
He was in Buell's campaign against Bragg, 
in which there were many skirmishes and much 
hard marching, and, supplies being cut off, much 
suffering. He was in the battle of Perryville, 
Ky., October8, 1862, when Capt. Bragg'scom- 
pany attacked the rebel column, leaving their 
regiment on the double-quick. He was also 
in skirmishes at Crab Orchard, Ky. , and Sil- 
ver Springs near Nashville, Tenn., and took 
part in the bloody battle of Stone River and a 
campaign against Tullahoma and Chattanooga. 
He participated in the battle of Mission Ridge, 
was in Sherman's Atlanta campaign, and was 



engaged in the battles of Dalton, New Hope 
Church, Rocky Faced Ridge, Resaca, Ring- 
gold, Dallas, Pine Mountain, Calhoun, Burnt 
Hickory, Kenesaw Mountain, Peach Tree 
Creek, Jonesboro, and was present at the sur- 
render of Atlanta, Ga. After the Atlanta 
campaign the Fortieth returned with "Pap 
Thomas" to Chattanooga, thence to Athens, 
Ala., and Columbus, Tenn. They fell back 
with Thomas to Spring Hill, where a hard bat- 
tle was fought. They were then in the battle 
of Franklin, Tenn., November 30, 1864, and 
the battle of Nashville, Tenn., December 15- 
16, 1864. They then crossed the Gulf of 
Mexico in July, 1865, and were mustered out 
at Texarkana, Texas, December 21, 1865, and 
honorably discharged at Indianapolis January 
23, 1866. 

Capt. Bragg served from September 15, 
1861, to January 23, 1866, nearly four and 
one-half years. Beside the above battles 
he was in many skirmishes, that earlier in the 
war would be called battles notably, and was 
severly injured at the battle of Resaca, Ga., 
by the concussion of a shell May 14, 1864. 
He was slightly injured in his right arm, the 
sash supporting his overcoat being cut in two 
by a bullet at the battle of Franklin. Capt. 
Bragg was an active, gallant and efficient offi- 
cer, and was always prompt, fearless and 
cheerful in the discharge of his duty. He has 
a hospital record of but thirteen days, which 
occurred after the battle of Atlanta. He was 
never a prisoner and was in all the battles of 
his regiment. When he was first lieutenant, 
he was frequently in command of his company 
in the absence of his superior officer. The 
first sword carried by him in the war was 
presented to him by his brother-in-law, Judge 
Beach, now of Providence, R. I., and who 
married Sarah Kernodle, his wife's sister. His 
company presented him with another sword at 
Nashville, Tenn., which he still retains as a 

precious relic of the war. When the captain 
enlisted he was of slender build and he has 
been obliged to greatly lengthen his sword 
belt in order to wear it at the reunions of his 
regiment, and other military occasions. The 
captain has been a powerful man throughout 
his life, possessing an iron constitution and 
being fully capable of enduring the hardships 
of army life. After the war he returned to 
Lebanon and attempted to. engage in his usual 
business, but his constitution had been greatly 
shattered by the exposure of army life, his 
nervous system being severely impaired by the 
effects of the shell concussion, and he has, 
while engaged in various kinds of business, 
not been very active and is now retired. 
Capt. Bragg is in prosperous circumstances 
and owns valuable real estate in Lebanon, on 
whose streets his dignified form is frequently 
seen. Fraternally he was one of the original 
Odd Fellows of Lebanon, but is now non- 
affiliating, also a charter member of the Rich 
Mountain post, G. A. R. He was a Douglas 
or war democrat, and has never deviated from 
the principles promulgated by Andrew Jack- 

aHARLES A. BRATTOX is one of 
the Boone county veterans of the 
Civil war and a respected farmer of 
Jefferson township. He decends from 
an old colonial Virginia family. His grand- 
father, Lewis Bratton, was a soldier in the 
war of the Revolution and died in Virginia. 
John Bratton, a son of Lewis Bratton and 
father of our subject, was born in Bath county, 
Virginia, and married there Polly Berry, and 
a large family of eleven children resulted from 
this union, all of whom are now living except 
two They are as follows — ^James, Becky E., 
John, Margaret, Robert, Nancy J., Mary, 
Adaline, William, Charles A. and Samuel, all 



born in Virginia except Samuel, who was born 
in Indiana, Montgomery county, where the 
family moved in the fall of 1S39, when our 
subject was but an infant of six months. 
Here Mr. Bratton cleared up a good farm and 
passed all the remainder of his days, reaching 
the age of seventy-two years, and died in 
February, 1866. He was a member of the 
Presbyterian church, and an old-time whig in 
politics until the formation of the republican 
party, after which he was an adherent to that 
party. He was a substantial farmer, respected 
by all. He had two sons in the Civil war — 
Charles and Samuel — both in the same com- 
pany and regiment. Samuel was in Missouri 
and forced to join the Confederate army, but 
deserted at the battle of Pea Ridge and joined 
the Union troops, serving until the close of 
the war, and was in several battles. 

Charles A. Bratton, our subject, was born 
in Bath county, Virginia, February 4, 1839, 
and was brought to Indiana Xvhen six months 
of age. He received a common education and 
was reared a farmer. At the age of twenty- 
one he enlisted, September I, 1861, at Lafay- 
ette, Ind., in company B, Tenth regiment 
Indiana volunteer infantry, for three years or 
during the war, and was honorably discharged 
at Evansville, Ind., in July, 1862. He was in 
the battle of Mill Spring and was struck by a 
spent ball but not injured. He was on several 
hard marches to get to the battle of Shiloh, 
his company and regiment marching three days 
and nights without rest, and arrived one-half 
day too late for the battle. Mr. Bratton suf- 
fered greatly from exposure and fatigue and 
was taken sick with rheumatism and chronic 
diarrhcea in March, 1862. He was taken to a 
hospital at Evansville, but was found to be in 
such a bad condition that he was immediately 
sent home. He had previously been sick in 
camp four weeks. He did not recover suffi- 
ciently to work for two years. His wife, 

Dorothy A. , to whom he was married in 1 864, 
is the daughter of Thomas and Ann (Hill) 
Burris. Mr. Burris was'an old settler and pio- 
neer of Boone county. He made a good home 
and reared eight children: Albert, Catherine, 
Mary, Alice and Dorothy, John, Robert and 
Wesley. Mr. Burris lived to be about seven- 
ty-five years of age. In political, opinions he 
was a republican and had three sons in the 
Civil war — John, Robert and Wesley — all in 
an Indiana regiment. Robert and Weslev 
were in several battles. Mr. Burris was a re- 
spected member of the Presbyterian church. 

After marriage Mr. Bratton and wife set- 
tled down to farm life in Boone count}' and 
bought his present farm of forty acres of good 
land, and their family fireside was made com- 
plete by the birth of six children — Martin S., 
Nora M., Alonzo, Glen, Homer and Ella. Mr. 
Bratton is as steadfast in his political principles 
now, as when, in his youth, he offered himself 
to his country in her time of need and cheer- 
fully and bravely faced rebel bullets, and un- 
complainingly endured the hardships and ex- 
posure of army life, and votes the straight re- 
publican ticket. Mr. Bratton receives a pen- 
sion of seventeen dollars per month. He and 
wife are members of the Presbyterian church. 
Mr. Bratton's constitution was badly shat- 
tered by exposure, especially in the hard march 
to the field of Shiloh, and since the war has 
been much enfeebled. He stands deservedly 
high among his neighbors and friends as a good 
citizen and an honest man. 

>T*OHN M. BREEDLOVE.— Among the 
■ reptesentative citizens of Eagle'town- 
A 1 ship who have successfully overcome 
opposing circurnstances and acquired 
for themselves a financial standing in the com- 
munity, the gentleman whose name introduces 
this biography is deserving of special mention. 



John M. Breedlove's ancestors came originally 
from Scotland, and 'his parents, David and 
Maria (McKinzie) Breedlove, natives respect- 
ively of Virginia and Ohio, were married in 
the latter state, where they resided for a num- 
ber of years, Mrs. Breedlove dying about the 
year 1830. Subsequently David Breedlove 
married Amanda Strain, by whom he had eight 
children, and by his first wife he had a family 
consisting of the same number — sixteen in all. 
John M. Breedlove was born in Ross 
county, Ohio, January 20, 1820, received his 
educational training in the old log school- 
house, in which he acquired a fair knowledge 
of the English bra' ches, and wa? reared to 
agricultural pursuits on his father's farm. He 
has always been a farmer, and began life upon 
his own responsibility in his native county and 
state, where, in the year 1848, he was united 
in marriage to Miss Ruth Anderson, daughter 
of Samuel Anderson, Esq., a union which was 
terminated by the death' of Mrs. Breedlove 
about the year 1865. This marriage was with- 
out issue, and subsequently Mr. Breedlove 
married his present wife, Mary Co.k. who has 
borne him two children — David C. and John 
C. Mr. Breedlove remained in Ross county, 
Ohio, until about 1868, at which time, for the 
purpose of bettering his condition financially, 
he disposed of his interests there and emigrated 
to Boone county, Ind., locating in Eagle town- 
ship, where he purchased real estate, upon 
which he has since resided. In the accumula- 
tion of lands Mr. Breedlove has been espec- 
ially fortunate, his holdings at the present 
time representing 800 acres in Boone county 
and over 246 acres in Ross county, Ohio, both 
of which tracts are highly improved and- very 
valuable. Mr. Breedlove is a self-made man, 
and his judgment in business affairs, particu- 
larly in those pertaining to real estate, is fre- 
quently consulted and seldom found to be at 
fault. He has met with success such as few 

agriculturists attain, and no one in the com- 
munity where he resides is more highly honored 
by the general public. Although having passed 
the allotted three-score and ten years, he still 
possesses in a marked degree his faculties, 
both physical and mental, and bids fair to 
live many years longer to a serene and happy 
old age. In matters political betakes a lively 
interest, and for a number of years has been 
a supporter of the republican party, though 
never a partisan in the sense of seeking official 

of the honored citizens of Boone 
county, Ind., is of that stanch race of 
men called Scotch Presbyterian Cove- 
nanters. Archibald Brown, the grandfather 
of our subject, was born in count)- Connaught, 
and there married Jane Farris, and directly 
after marriage they came to America with his 
two brothers. Mr. Brown settled in York 
district, S. C, one of the brothers settling in 
the same district, and the other in Tennessee. 
A son of the latter was a member of congress 
before the war. Archibald Brown moved to 
Bourbon county, Ky., in 1805, and took up 
government land, and after about fifteen years 
he sold out and moved to Nicholas county, 
Ky. , where he became the owner of a good 
farm of 160 acres. During the war he was 
loyal to the government, and several of his 
grandsons fought for the Union. He and wife 
were the parents of the following children — 
William, deceased, aged thirty; Milton, de- 
ceased, aged eighty-two; Lanville, deceased, 
aged eighty-three; John, deceased, aged twenty- 
one; Charles, deceased, aged seventeen years. 
Mr. Brown lived to be ninety-six years of 
age and died on his farm about the close of 
the war. Lanville Alexander Brown, his son 



and father of our subject, was born in York 
district, South Carohpa, November 2, iSoo.' 
He was reared a farmer and received the com- 
mon education of his day. He was taken by 
his parents to Kentucky in 1806 and to 
Bourbon county, Ky., when about t\vent\-t\vo 
years of age. He had previously married in 
Montgomery county, Ky., Margaret, daughter 
of John and Ruth (Ralston) Allison, in 1S22. 
John Allison was a \'irginian, a soldier in the 
war of the Revolution and in the battle of 
King's Mountain. He was of English descent 
and was a prominent farmer of Montgomery 
county. He afterward moved to Nicholas 
count}', Ky., and bought a farm on which 
stood a brick house — one of the first in that 
part of the state — of David Caldwell, a rela- 
tive of the venerable pioneer — David A. 
Caldwell of this county. Nfr. Allison died 
aged seventy-seven years. He was a devout 
Presbyterian, a man of e.xcellent character and 
.highly respected. He had but one wife, who 
was the mother of James, John, Andrew, 
Anna, Margaret, Mariah, Elizabeth, Mary, 
Nancy and Eleanor. After marriage. Mr. 
Brown settled in Nicholas county, Ky., on 
land and became a substantial farmer. In 
1846 he moved to Bath county, where he 
gained wealth, owning about 400 acres of 
land. Like his father, he was opposed to 
slavery, being a "Henry Clay Emancipa- 
tionist. " In his later life he placed his mones' 
at interest, having loaned $40,000 at one time. 
His first wife died in Nicholas county, Ky. , 
about 1725. She was the mother of two 
children — John A. and Nancy J. Mr. Brown 
re-married in Nickolas county, Ky., about 
June 15, 1830, Elizabeth Hudelson. To Mr. 
Brown and his second wife were born nine 
children — Margaret, Almira, William, Archi- 
bald, James, Charles, Mary, Harriet and 
Angy. Mr. Brown lived to be eighty-three 
years of age and died in Bath county, Ky. , 

June 25. 1S83, at Sharpsburg. He had 
accumulated, by his own efforts, about $90,000 
and left his children a handsome estate of 
about S8.COO each. He was uncompromising 
in his !oyaIt\- to the Union and had three sons 
in the Ci\il war — Capt. John A., our subject, 
William H., who was in a Kentucky infantry 
regiment. James, who served in a Kentucky 
cavalry regiment, and was in many battles. 

John Allison Brown, our subject, was born 
January 15, 1823, in Nicholas county, Ky., 
received a common English education and was 
brought up a farmer. He married in Bath 
county. Ky.. September i, 1846, Mary Jane, 
daughter of James and Nancy (Ratlif^) Moffett; 
the latter born March 10, I 791, died February 
22, 1S64. James Moffett was born October I, 
17S7. He was born in Kentucky, to which 
state hi? father came from Virginia, and was 
here known as a pioneer. Mr. Moffett was a 
substantial farmer; also followed school teach- 
ing in hi; early days. He accumulated during 
his life a handsome property, but, like the 
Browns, was faithful to the Union cause. He 
was an elder in the Presbyterian church for 
fift_\- years and was noted for his religious char- 
acter. To Mr. and Mrs. Moffett were born 
the following children: \\'illiam, Caroline, 
Henr}-, Harriet, Philadelphia, James, Coleman 
and Thomas. 

John A. Brown, our subject, settled after 
marriage in Bath county, K)., on a farm where 
he remained some si.xteen 3-ears. In 1861 Mr. 
Brown was sent to Frankfort by his Union 
neighbors for troops to protect them. Acting 
Governor Robinson told him that he had no 
soldiers, but that if he would raise a company 
of soldiers he would furnish one hundred mus- 
kets and ammunition and they could protect 
themselves. The muskets were forwarded and 
Capt. Brown and others raised about one hun- 
dred men in his county for home guard service, 
and shouldered his musket himself in his com- 


pany, which kept the .peace for a long time in 
this vicinity. In the ^summer of 1862, Capt.' 
Brown raised a company in Bath and Morgan 
counties, Ky. , and commanded his company 
from May to September, 1862. They were in 
battle at Cythiana, Ky., in August, 1862, 
with the rebel Gen. John Morgan, and the 
whole command was captured. Morgan put 
400 prisoners, among them Capt. Brown, in a 
court house at Cythiana, and they were so 
crowded they were obliged to stand all night, 
and, as the heat was very intense, great suffer- 
ing was endured. In the morning they were 
marched six miles into the country and com- 
manded to disperse to their homes. Capt. 
Brown, from this e.xposure, was stricken with 
pneumonia and lay sick at an hotel at Fal- 
mouth, Ky., two weeks, narrowly escaping 
death. He returned home and has never seen 
a well day since. He never received a dollar 
for his services, and lost two good horses in 
this campaign. 

Being disabled from acting longer as a sol- 
dier, and his Union sentiments being well 
known, he was forced to leave Kentucky, and 
in March, 1863, he went to Putnam county, 
Ind., where he settled on a farm of 220 acres, 
about twelve miles north of Greencastle, on 
the New Albany road, where Mr. Brown has 
been very successful in his farming and ac- 
cumulated a goodly property. Mr. and Mrs. 
Brown are the parents of ten children: James 
C. ; Lanville, deceased, aged two and one-half 
years; Henry; Alice C. ; Cordelia F. ; Nancy 
M. ; Lanville A. and Elizabeth (twins), Eliza- 
beth died young; Mary L. and Harriet L., all 
born in Bath county, Ky. , e.xcept Harriet L., 
who was born in Putnam county, Ind 

Mr. Brown came to Boone county, Ind.. 
Oct. 6, i88r, and settled in Lebanon, and is 
now retired from active life. Both he and 
wife are devout members of the Presbyterian 
church, in which he has been a deacon for 

many years. Mr. Brown lived in the days 
when the difference between a democrat and a 
republican- was as wide as the poles, and he 
saw enough during the Civil war to make him 
a life-long republican. He owned a few slaves 
in Kentucky, but when it came to the issue 
whether he should give up his slaves or his 
government, he promptly decided in favor of 
his country. Mr. Brown is a very respected 
citizen of Lebanon and was one of the city 
councilmen. Fraternally he is a Mason, a 
member of Boone lodge, M. G., of Lebanon. 
Throughout his life he has adhered to the 
principles of his ancestors and is noted for his 
integrity of character. His sons are among 
the most successful business men of Lebanon 
and his entire family above reproach. The 
family is noted and always has been for love of 
temperance, and no member of this family 
was ever known to be an intemperate man. 

eLI BROWN, M. D., now standing at 
the head of the surgical and medical 
profession in Boone county, Ind., 
with his residence at Thorntown, was 
born in Sugar Creek township, in the same 
county, April 9, 1846. His parents were Seth 
and Alice (Rich) Brown, the former of whom 
was born in Guilford county, N. C, March 28, 
1815, and was a son of James and Mary(Hud- 
dleston) Brown, who were also natives of 
North Carolina and the former a planter! 
James and Mary had born to them the follow- 
ing children: John, Israel, James and Mary, 
all now deceased, and Seth. The family were 
all members of the Friends' church. James 
Brown came to Indiana in 1S29 and located in 
Wayne county, resided there until 1 840, and 
then came to Boone county, and bought 160 
acres in Sugar Creek township, where his 
death occurred in 1845, his wife survi\ing un- 
til 1 85 1. Seth Brown, father of Eli, our sub- 



ject, was twenty-one years of age when he 
came to Boone county; and here married Alice 
Rich and had born to him the following named 
children: Cyrena A., wife of I. N. Barker; 
Sarah, wife of William J. McBain; Deborah, 
married A. A. Macy; Martha, Asenath, James 
F., and William A. The father of this family 
died, a member of the Friends' church, De- 
cember 3, 1887. 

Eli Brown was physically strengthened by 
work on the home farm and intellectually by 
attendence at the common school until 1867, 
when he became a teacher in the schools of 
Tippecanoe county for a year, following with 
three years in McDonald countj', 111., and then 
at different places until he had run the circle 
of ten years as teacher, reading medicine dur- 
ing the decade. In 1877 he attended the 
medical department of the university at Ann 
Arbor, Mich., and this was followed by attend- 
ance at the Eclectic school of medicine at 
Cincinnati, Ohio, until graduation in June, 
1879, when he began practice in Thorntown, 
where his skill and ability were at once recogniz- 
ed. May I 5, 1478, the doctor married, at Leba- 
non, Ind. , Mary C. Burns, who was born in 
Boone county July 27, 1854, a daughter of 
David M. and Eliza (Clark) Burns, natives of 
Kentucky. While this lady is a Presbyterian 
in her religion, Mr. Brown is a Qnaker or 
Friend in his mode of worship. In his politics 
Mr. Brown is republican, and in 1888 was 
elected township trustee and was re-elected in 
1890. His farm of 100 acres is a model of 
neatness, and his residence in town is a delight 
to the eye. 

@EORGE B. BROWN is one of the en- 
terprising younger business men of 
Lebanon and the proprietor of the 
'■Elite Steam" laundry. He is a 
native of Boone county and descends from an 

old American family. Thomas Brown, the 
grandfather of our subject, was one of the 
pioneers of Owen county, Ky. He died in 
that state, a wealthy farmer and slave owner. 
George ^^^ Brown, the father of our~ subject, 
was born in Owen county, Ky., April 5, 1S20, 
received-the usual pioneer education and mar- 
ried, in Kentucky, Martha E. Toon, daughter 
of Henry and Elizabeth Toon. 

George W. Brown and wife had born to 
them fourteen children, all of. whom lived to 
be grown except one who died an infant. 
Their names are: Mary, Charles, Edward, Al- 
bert, Lizzie, Cassie, James, Cora, Mattie, 
George B., Lida, Fannie and John. Mr. Brown 
came to Boone county in 1843 and settled on 
land in Center township, consisting of 320 
acres which were covered with very heavy 
timber. This he cleared up and made into a 
fine farm. He engaged in the saw-mill busi- 
ness, prospered, and finally owned about 700 
acres, of land. Fraterally Mr. Brown was a 
Mason, member of Boone lodge. No. 9, of 
Lebanon. In religion he was a member of 
the Christian church, of which Mrs. Brown is 
a member. He lived to be si.Kty-eight years 
old and died No\'. 13, 1888, in Lebanon; he 
was a very successful, energetic business man, 
noted for his honorable character. He reared 
one of the respected families of Boone county, 
to whom he left a handsome property. 

George B. Brown, son of above, was. born 
on his father's farm in Center township, April 
18, 1865. He was early taught to work on 
the farm, attended the public school and ac- 
quired a practical education. He became a 
collector for the Singer Sewing Machine com- 
pany, and continued this vocation successfully 
during the years 1890-1-2. In 1893 he bought 
the Lebanon laundry property, greatly improv- 
ing the building and putting in si.x complete 
steam baths, fitted with all modern conven- 
iences, dressing rooms and parlors. The 



waters of these baths have decided minera,! 
properties, which arte medicinally beneficial 
and have a great tendency to relijve rh.>u;na- 
tism. They are kept in a clean, orderly man- 
ner, and the attendance is ample. They are 
well patronized by the best people in Lebanon. 
The "Elite Steam Laundry" is well equipped 
with the latest machinery, with modern appli- 
ances, and turns out laundry work in a highly 
satisfactory manner, doing a large and pros- 
perous business. Mr. Brown votes with that 
great party -founded by Jefferson and Jackson, 
and is a stanch democrat. Fraternally he is 
a K. P., Lebanon lodge, No. 45. \\'hile 
young, Mr. Brown is an excellent business 
man, quiet and pleasing in his demeanor, and 
is very popular. He owns the building and 
lots occupied by his steam laundry, which is 
valuable property, the lots being 6o.\i20 feet. 

aALEB O. BROWN, a thriving young 
farmer and stock raiser of Jefferson 
township, Boone county, Ind., was 
born in Montgomery county, Ind., 
May 28, i860, and is a son of John S. and 
Eliza A. (Osborn) Brown, also natives of the 
Hoosier state and of English descent. They 
were the parents of four children, viz: Sara 
J., wife of \\'illiam B. Denny; Dicey O., wife 
of Parson B. Chambers; Caleb O., and George 
E., the latter of whom died in January, 1886. 
The mother of these children died in 1886, and 
the father in June, 1890. The family settled 
in Boone county in the year in which Caleb O. 
was born (i860), and here the latter was 
reared on his father's farm, receiving a good 
education in the schools of his neighborhood. 
He is now the proprietor of a fine farm, and 
makes a specialty of feeding stock for market, 
and in this industry is regarded as the most 
enterprising man of his age in Boone county. 
His marriage took place February 5, 1885, to 

Miss Rebecca Todd, daughter of Joseph and 
Ann R. (Pinkerton) Todd, natives of New Jer- 
sey and of English descent. It is said that 
' 'Death loveth a shining mark, " and mythology 
informs us that "whom the gods love die 
young." It was so in this case. After giving 
her young husband a pledge of her blissful 
love — whom they named Hazel — she was 
stricken by the "insatiate archer" April 20, 
1 887 — her mortal remains being now in re- 
pose in the cemetery, near Dover, a village of 
Boone county. But time cures all, and Mr. 
Brown married Miss Clara B. Edwards March 
13, 1889, daughter of David and Elizabeth 
(Dice) Edwards, both the parents being of En- 
glish descent and natives, respectively, of 
Ohio and Virginia. To this second marriage 
of Mr. Brown ha\-e been born two children. 
Helen and Ruby. The parents are both mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian church, and their 
standing in social circles is as desirable as it 
is deserving. In politics Mr. Brown is a re- 
publican, and in his fraternal relations is a 
member of the Masonic lodge at Thorntown — 
its charter number being i i ;. 

BENRY C. BRUSH is an old soldier, 
and a substantial farmer and honored 
citizen of Lebanon, Boone county, 
Ind. He springs from sterling Scotch 
and old colonial New Jersey stock. John 
Brush, the great-grandfather of our subject, 
was a soldier in the Revolution, in which two 
of his brothers were also soldiers, and were 
killed at the battle of Cowpens. They all 
came from Scotland. John Brush, the son of 
the above and grandfather of our subject, 
settled at an early period in Shelby county, 
Ky., where he married Miss Elizabeth Todd, 
and to them were born seven children, viz.: 
George, Blakely, David. James. Jane. Nancy 
and Mary. Mr. Brush moved to Indiana and 



settled in Montgomery county,- near Wave- , 
land, as a pionesr, arrd here passed the re- 
mainder of his days. He became a prosperous 
farmer and gave to each of his children i6o 
acres of land. He was a typical old-time pio- 
neer settler and a whig in politics. James 
Brush, the father of our subject, was born in 
Shelby county, Ky. , on a farm, in 1811, and 
came with his parents, when but nine years of 
age, to Indiana. He was reared a farmer and 
married Elizabeth McCormick, after which 
they settled iri Montgomery county, Ind., near 
Ladoga, and remained there until he retired 
from active life, at which time he located in 
Jamestown. James Brush and his wife Eliza- 
beth were the parents of seven children, as fol- 
lows: John A., Ann, Elizabeth, Jennie. Sallie, 
Eliza and Henry Brush, all born on the 
farm in Montgomery county, Ind. Both Mr. 
and Mrs. Brush were members of the Metho- 
dist church, in which he was a class leader and 
steward. He was a Henry Clay whig in poli- 
tics; afterward a republican and a strong Union 
man. During the war, in which he had two 
sons — John A., in the Eleventh regiment. In- 
diana volunteer infantry, under Col. Lew \\'a.\- 
lace; he was later in the Second Indiana cav- 
alry, and served through the remainder of the 
war, during which time he was in many hard 
battles; Henry Brush's military history will be 
given below in this sketch. Mr. Brush died at 
the age of sevent}' years, an honored and re- 
spected man. 

Henry C. Brush was born January 15, 
1847. He received a common school educa- 
.tion, was reared a farmer's boy, and enlisted 
at the early age of sixteen, August 10, 1863, 
in company G, One Hundred and Sixteenth 
regiment, Indiana volunteer infantry, in answer 
to a call for six-month men, under Capt. Rob- 
ert W. Harrison and Col. William C. Kise. 
He served seven months and was honorably 
discharged at LaFavette, Ind., March I, 1864. 

His service was in eastern Tennessee, during 
which time he participated in the battles of 
Blue Springs, Greenville, Knoxville, Walker's 
Ford and Tazewell. He saw a great deal of 
hard marching and was in several hard skir- 
mishes, doing active service all the time of his 
enlistment except one week, when he was in 
hospital at Knoxville. He was in all the bat- 
tles, marches and skirmishes of his regiment, 
and was but little over seventeen years of age 
when he returned home. He then attended 
the high school at Ladoga, Ind., and at 
Greencastle, Ind., one term. Mr. Brush was 
married June 24, 1S69, in Hendricks county, 
Ind., to Fanny A., daughter of Walter and 
Mary M. (Spears) Davis. Walter Davis was 
born in Montgomery county, Ky., December 
12, 1823, and was a pioneer and wealthy 
farmer of Hendricks county, Ind. He was 
of Welsh descent, while the Spears were of 
Scotch descent. They reared the following 
children — John S., Quincy A., Martha E. , 
Nancy A., Robert F., Fanny A. and Charles 
E. Mrs. Davis having died, Mr. Davis mar- 
ried Mary A. Scott, who bore him five chil- 
dren, viz: Walter S., Lorenzo D., Thomas, 
Myrtle and Edgar L. Mr. Davis was a repub- 
lican and a member of the M. E. church, in 
which he took great interest, having become 
a member at the early age of nineteen years. 
In 1835 he moved with his father to Eel River 
township, Hendricks county, Ind., where he 
lived the remainder of his days, and died Janu- 
ary I I, 1893. Two of his sons are graduates 
of DePauw university, one of whom, Walter 
S., has taken a post-graduate course at Cornell 
university and in Germany, and has lately won 
high honors in the Chicago university. John 
S. was a soldier in the Fifty-first regiment 
Indiana volunteer infantry, and was in Gen. 
Straight's raid He died of sickness during 
his service, and was buried in the National 
cemetery at Nashville, Tenn. He was but 


twenty-one years of age and was a devout 
Christian. Ouincy A. was also a soldier in an 
Indiana regiment. 

Mr. and Mrs. Brush soon after their mar- 
riage located on a farm near Jamestown, on 
which they resided for three years, and then 
resided in Jamestown for eight years In 1879 
they removed to Lebanon, Ind., where they 
still reside. Mr. Brush engaged in the livery 
business, also in buying and shipping horses, 
in which line he did a large business for several 
years. Sirice that time he has been engaged 
in stock dealing and farming. He is a stanch 
repulican in politics, a member of the Masonic 
fraternity, Boone lodge, No. 9, is also a non- 
affiliating Odd Fellow and a K. of P. He is, 
beside, a member of the G. A. R. , Rich Moun- 
tain post. Both Mr. and Mrs. Brush are 
members of the Methodist church. They are 
the parents of six children, three now living: 
Ada M., Forest G. and Eva L; those de- 
ceased are Laura, aged "si.x )ears. Otto T. 
aged seven years, and Jewel, an infant. Mr. 
Brush is one of the substantial citizens of Leb- 
anon, where he owns valuable real estate, 
beside a good farm in the country. He is well 
known for his integrity of character and he has 
one of the most pleasant homes in Lebanon 
and an interesting and highly respected family. 
Mrs. Brush is a lady of high character, of 
• cultivated and cordial manners, and a true 
helpmate in all that term implies. 

>^AMES H. BURNHAM is a pratical 
M agriculturist of Sugar Creek township 
A 1 and a well known citizen of Boone 
county. He descends from an old 
colonial American family of Irish descent, his 
great-grandfather having come from Ireland 
and settling in Virginia, and having fought as 
a soldier in our war of independence, and 
finally becoming a farmer. Joshua Burnham, 

his son and grandfather of our subject, was 
born in Virginia, married a Miss Elliot and 
settled in Sugar Creek township, Boone coun- 
ty, Ind., in 1828-29. He had probably first 
settled at an earlier period on the Blue river 
in Indiana. After a short residence in Sugar 
Creek township, he moved to Washington 
township, where he entered a farm now known 
as the Crose farm and owned by Gabriel Ginn. 
He afterward moved to Michigan, but returned 
and settled in Clinton county, where he died aged 
sevent}' years. His children are — Ivy, James, 
Abraham, Myer, Harvey, Matthew, William, 
Perry C, Sarah, Ira, and Orpha. Mr. Burn- 
ham was a substantial farmer and highly 
thought of by the old settlers, to whom he was 
well known. Ivy Burnham, father of our sub- 
ject, was probably born on the Blue river in 
Indiana, and was brought up among the In- 
diana pioneers, while the Indians were still 
scattered throughout the state. He had the 
usual limited education of the pioneer, and 
married, in \\'ashington township, this county, 
Maria L. , daughter of Benjamin Sweeney. 
Benjamin Sweeney was a soldier in the war 
of 1812, and married, in Kentucky, a Miss 
Smith. He entered his land in Washington 
township in 182S, lived to the age of ninety 
years and died in Houston, Texas. After mar- 
riage. Ivy Burnham settled in Michigan, but 
afterward moved to Clinton county, Ind., 
where he died in 1847. He was the father of 
nine children — Miles, Mary E., Abraham, 
Sarah, Benjamin, James H., Matthew, Martha 
and Susan F. He was an old-time whig poli- 
tically, and two of his sons fought as soldiers 
in the Civil war — Benjamin F, in company G, 
Twenty-sixth regiment Indiana volunteer in- 
fantry, served four years, six months, and was 
in many battles. Matthew was in company 
K, Fortieth regiment Indiana volunteer infan- 
trv. and died two months after enlistment. 
Mr. Burnham was a man of integritv of char- 


acter, a practical farmer and a good citizen. 
He and his wife were members of the Chris- 
tian church. 

James H. Burnham. our subject, was born 
in CHnton county, Ind., October 2, 1842. He 
gained his education in the public schools and 
was reared a farmer. He was united in mar- 
riage to Annie L. , daughter of Robert and 
Nancy (Evans) Hebb, of Taylor county, \V. 
Va., which was their native state and where 
they married and began domestic life on a 
farm in the county of Taylor. They there re- 
mained until their deaths in the years 1852 
and 1S82 respectively. They were for many 
years members of the Methodist church, and 
were much respected in the locality in which 
they lived for their many excellent traits of 
character. Their family were as follows: 
William, Jehu, Sarah, Martha, Anna and \'ir- 
ginia, living; Joseph, John, David and Josina 
deceased, and Sybrant. William Hebb, one 
of the sons, is now living in Albany, Delaware 
county, Ind., an honored citizen. The mar- 
riage of Mr. and Mrs. James H. Burnham has 
been blessed with seven children; Myrtle E. , 
Minnie O., Lillian L , Mary F., Josina, Rob- 
ert, and Bennie S. (dead) After marriage 
Mr. Burnham settled on the Ross farm in 
Washington township, which he afterward 
bought. He now resides in Sugar Creek 
township on a farm of ninety acres, which is 
one of the best farms in Boone count}'. The 
children are all well educated, and the daugh- 
ter, Mary F., graduated at the Thorntown 
high school. Mr. and Mrs. Burnliam are de- 
vout members of the Christian church, all the 
family being members of the same church, ex- 
cept two of the younger children. Mr. Burn- 
ham is a church trustee and politically he is a 
••dyed-in-the-wool" republican. He is one of 
the older members of Thorntown lodge. No. 
113, A. & F. M., in which he has filled nearly 
all the offices and has been an official ten years. 

Mr. Burnham stands high among the people 
of Boone county as a man of great intelligence, 
integrity and good judgment. He is a practi- 
cal business man, capable of holding any office 
in the country. 


LLIAM C. BURK, the old-estab- 
lished druggist of Thorntown, Boone 
county, Ind., was here born Octo- 
ber 29, 1 85 1, a son of Samuel M. 
and Adeline R. (Landon) Burk. Samuel M. 
Burk was a native of Calhoun county, Ky. , 
and was reared on the farm until sixteen years 
of age. when he was employed as a clerk in a 
dry-goods store in Terre Haute, Ind., until 
1 8 50, when he came to Boone county and 
taught school for eight consecutive years and 
then engaged in the practice of law, which he 
followed until his death, February 2, 1892. 
For three years he was a valiant soldier in the 
late war as member of company K, Fortieth 
Indiana volunteer infantry, in which he was 
assistant quartermaster until the close of hos- 
tilities, when liis term expired. His marriage 
took place, at Terre Haute, in 1850, to Miss 
Landon. a native of Connecticut, and to the 
union four children were born, viz; William 
C. ; Abbie, wife of J. R. Rickoff, coffee and 
tea merchant of Lima, Ohio; KateM., wife of 
William I'ucker, merchant of Boone county, 
Ind., and Alene, wife of Samuel Decker, a 
farmer of Montgcn;ery county, Ind. Mrs. 
Adeline R. Burk still resides in Thorntown. 
The deceased Mr. Burk was a member of the 
I. O. R. M., was a democrat, and for two 
vears served as post-master; he was every 
where regarded as an upright and worthy gen- 

William C. Burk was reared in Thorntown, 
Ind , and attended the graded schools until 
sixteen years of age; he was then employed for 
two years as a clerk in a poultry and produce 



market, and then for two years served as 
deputy post-master under his father, and, for 
the following two years, under Israel Curry, in 
the same position; then for two years, under 
George Coulson; for the next three years he 
was deputy under L. M. Cox; he was then 
appointed postal clerk on the Big Four and 
ran between Cincinnati and Chicago for a 
year, resigned, and engaged in the drug busi- 
ness in Thorntown in partnership with T. C. 
Laughlin. At the close, of two years, Mr. 
Laughlin withdrew from the firm and Mr. 
Burk has since conducted the business on his 
own account solely, carrying a stock valued at 
$4, 500, consisting of fancy drugs and medi- 
cines and all such goods as are usually dealt 
in by first-class druggists. William C. Burk 
was most happily married at Frankfort, Ind., 
January 12, 1876, to Orlena M. Green, who 
was born at Zionsville, Boone county, Ind., 
February 14, 1858, a daughter of John D. and 
Zerelda (Gill) Green, natives of Kentucky. 
Mr. and Mrs. Burk are consistent members of 
the Presbyterian church, in which Mr. Burk is 
trustee and treasurer. Since 1891 he has 
been vice president of the Thorntown bank 
and is also a stockholder in the Lebanon 
National bank; he is a thirty-second degree 
Freemason, Scottish rite; is a Knight of 
Pythias, and in politics is a republican. He 
is attentive to his business, and in social 
circles he and wife occupy an enviable po- 

^y^^ AVID M. BURNS.— There is no pro- 
I I fession in life of more importance 
/^^_^ and usefulness than that of surveyor 
and civil engineer. Until a country 
is surveyed, and the towns, roads and ditches 
laid out, there is no system in its settlement, 
and its crooked by-paths and b\--roads of the 
early settlers marks its state of un-civiiization. 

With the surveyor comes system and prosper- 
ity. Another vocation of equal importance 
and civilization is that of the school-teacher, 
and it is safe to say that without his efforts, 
the people of the United States would have 
lapsed into barbarism, or at least would have 
retrograded from the condition of -their Euro- 
pean ancestors. David M. Burns, our subject, 
has honored both of these professions and his 
life is marked by his efforts as a public bene- 
factor. He springs from sterling Scotch an- 
cestry. John Burns, the grandfather of our 
subject, was a descendant of the famous Scotch 
Presbyterian covenanters who fled from Scot- 
land to Ireland on account of religious perse- 
cution. The founders of the family in America 
were three brothers — John, Andrew and one 
whose name is not remembered. John was 
the original pioneer, coming before his brothers 
and settling in Pennsylvania a short time be- 
fore the Revolutionary war. He served 
throughout that war, nearly eight years, and 
was in the battles of Trenton, Camden and 
many others. He was wounded in the arm at 
the battle of Brandy wine and was one of those 
heroes who passed through the terrible winter 
with Washington at Valley Forge. He mar- 
ried Catherine Gray and settled in Nicholas 
county, Ky. , among the pioneers, a short time 
after the Revolutionary war. Here he cleared 
up a farm in the wilderness and his home was 
blessed with ten children — William, John, 
James, David, Andrew, Jennie, Polly, Robert, 
Thomas and Joseph. He became an exten- 
sive land owner and gave all the children good 
farms. He lived to be seventy-four years of 
age and both he and wife were members of the 
Presbyterian church. In political opinions he 
was an old-time whig. He was a typical Amer- 
ican pioneer and a man of high character. 

Andrew Burns, father of our subject, was 
born in Nicholas county, Ky., August 29, 1795. 
He had more than an ordinary education for 



his time and taught school in Kentuckj' for 

many years, 

and also taught vocal music. He 

married Nancy, daughter of Archibald and Jane 
(Farris) Brown. (For a sketch of Archibald 
Brown, see biography of Capt. John A. Brown ) 
After marriage Mr. -Burns settled in Nicholas 
county, Ky. , on a farm adjoining his father's. 
In 1834 he moved to Orange county, Ind. , 
and in 1836 he came to Boone county and 
settled on a farm now owned by our subject, 
two miles north of Lebanon.^ He died two 
years later, on his forty-third birthday. He 
was a hard-working pioneer citizen. He and 
wife were members of the Presbyterian church. 
Mr. Burns was a man of stanch virtues. His 
children are — John B., Archibald, William W., 
David M. and Elvira F., all born in Nicholas 
county, K}-. 

David M. Burns, our subject, was born in 
Nicholas county, Ky., on his father's farm, 
February 10, 1S32, and was but two and one- 
half years of age when his father settled in 
Indiana. After the death of his father his 
mother returned to Kentuck}-, and afterward 
married Jonathan Parish, and one son was born 
to this union — Jonathan M. Mrs. Parish was 
accidentally killed by the discharge of a gun. 
May 27, 1S45. 

David M. Burns received a common school 
education, and then attended a select school 
in Montgomery county, Ky., and afterward at 
Sharpsburg academy, his cousin, James Harvey 
Burns, being his teacher at both institutions. 
The professor was a graduate of Georgetown 
college and an educator of wide abilities and 
experience. David M. Burns began teaching 
at Wren's school-house in the select school of 
his cousin, as an assistant, when he was nine- 
teen years of age, and afterward taught in 
Nicholas county one year. On July I, 1852, 
he married, in Nicholas county, Ky. , Elgiva 
J., daughter of Thomas and Jane (Grimes) 
Clark. Mr. Clark was from an old American 

family of German stock, was an old settler of 
Nicholas county, a prominent farmer and just- 
ice of the peace, and a class leader in the 
Methodist church. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Burns two children were 
born — Mollie C, who married Dr. Eli L. 
Brown, ofThorntown, and Nancy E., \vho mar- 
ried Thomas \V. Huckstep, a surveyor and 
civil engineer of Lebanon. Both the daugh- 
ters were born in Boone county, where Mr. 
Burns settled in October, 1S52, on the farm 
first occupied by his father. Mr. Burnslivedon 
this farm until 1855, then resided in Lebanon 
until 1857, and then lived on his farm until 
1886. He then returned to Lebanon, where 
he now resides. He taught school the winter 
of 1853 in Washington township, and in 1855 
was principal of a select school at Lebanon. 
In I 8 56-7 he was principal of a department of 
the schools at Lebanon. He was principal of 
the public schools at Thorntown in the years 
1858-59-60-61-62, and during this time was 
appointed deput}* county surve_\'or of Boone 
county, in 1858, and ^\•as elected county sur- 
veyor in i860, and held this important ofifice 
until 1S76, the long period of si.xteen years, 
a deputy serving under him while he was in the 
army. Mr. Burns was principal of the High 
school of Lebanon until December loth, 1S63, 
on which date he enlisted at Lebanon in com- 
pany H, One Hundred and Twenty-si.xth regi- 
ment (Eleventh cavalry), under Capt. Mason 
S. Hamilton, Col. Rober tStewart. His serv- 
ice was principally in Alabama, where he 
served one year, when he was taken sick from 
e.xposure, and was in hospital at Nashville, 
Jeffersonville, Madison and Indianapolis, and 
was honorably discharged at the latter place on 
account of disability, April 17th, 1865. On 
returning to Lebanon he resumed teaching, 
and the winter of 1865-6 he taught at Mechan- 
icsburg and the ne.Nt winter at Thorntown. 
He taught the high grade of the Lebanon pub- 



lie schools in 1870, which completed his career 
as a teacher, after the long service of nearly 
twenty years. He was county surveyor from 
i860 to 1876, and either attended to his duties' 
personally or employed a deputy. As sur- 
veyor of Boone'county for this long period he 
surveyed and laid out many important ditches 
and roads, and was especially active in his work 
in the gravel roads. He has'done the work of 
civil engineer for the city of Lebanon since its 
organization, except upori the different occa- 
sions when, for a short time, this office was 
held by others, but in each case the work soon 
devolved upon Mr. Burns. He is at present 
city engineer, and is assisted by his son-in-law, 
Thomas W. -Huckstep, who has been con- 
nected with him since 1875. Mrs. Burns died 
November 1 2th, 1 88 1, and Mr. Burns married 
Margaret J., daughter of John and Sarah 
(Peck) Richey. Mr. Richey was born in New 
York, reared in Pittsburg, Pa., and was one of 
the early pioneers of Boone county, coming 
from Ohio and locating in Tippecanoe county 
in 1828; and in 1835 he came to Boone 
county, where he entered his land in \\'ashing- 
ton township. He became an honored citizen, 
township trustee and a substantial farmer. He 
had one son in the Civil war — James. Mr. 
Richey lived to be seventy-eight years old, and 
died August 12th, 1883, on his farm. 

Mr. Burns is one of the most prominent 
Masons in Boone county. He is a member of 
Boone lodge. No. 9, and held the offices of 
senior deacon, junior warden, and master at 
different times from 1876 for about eight years. 
He is also a member of the chapter — a royal- 
arch mason — and is high priest, an office which 
he has filled, with the exception of one year, 
since 1875. He is also a member of the royal 
and select masters, and is illustrious master, 
having held this office since 1876. He is also 
a Knight Templar, Frankfort commandery. 
Mr. Burns is also a member of the Scottish 

rite, Indiana consistory of Indianapolis, which 
includes the thirty-second degree. Mr. Burns 
is grand chaplain of the grand chapter of the 
state of Indiana, and has held this office 
nearly all the time since 1887. He was also 
chaplain of the grand council of royal and 
select masters from 1888 to 1&93. He is 
chaplain of the order of high priests of the 
state of Indiana. Both Mr. and Mrs. Burns 
are members of the Eastern Star, a Masonic 
body, and Mr. Burns worthy patron for four 
years. He and wife are members of the Pres- 
byterian church, in which he has been elder 
for the long period of twenty-seven years. 
Mr. Burns is a member of the G. A. R., Rich 
Mountain post. No. 42, Lebanon, and has 
been post commander. By perseverance and 
good management Mr. Burns has succeeded 
financially, and is in prosperous circumstances, 
and is highly respected in Boone county as an 
honest citizen. His best roll of honor are the 
names of his former pupils, many of whom are 
now prominent citizens and whom he assisted 
to become more efficient men and women. 

>Y*AMES E. BURRIS.— Among the vet- 
m eran soldiers of Center township is 
/• 1 found the name of James E. Burris, 
who served his country faithfully in the 
Civil war and is now a substantial farmer. 
Like many Americans his ancestors inter- 
married with different nationalities, but we 
find the Irish race to be predominant. His 
father, Robert Mc. Burris, was born in Flem- 
ing county, Ky. He was a farmer and miller, 
and married Elizabeth Moore, who was born 
within one mile of Flemingsburg, Ky. In 1854 
Mr. Burris moved to Boone county, Ind., 
and settled in Jefferson township. He also 
lived for some time in Hamilton and Tipton 
counties, Ind. Mr. and Mrs. Burris were mem- 
bers of the Christian church. Thev were the 



parents of nine children, who lived to be men 
and women: John W. , Thomas F., James 
E., Henry O., Mary E. Annie A.. Jacob G., 
Robert W . . and Catherine C. Mr. Burris 
had two sons in the Civil war — James E. and 
Thomas F. -both iri the same regiment and 
company. He was an old-line whig in politics 
and lived to the age of about seventy-three, 
years. He was a man of good character and 
reared a respected family of children. 

James E Biiriis was born in Fleming 
county, Ky., June 12, 1S44. He received the 
limited common school education of his day 
and was ten years of age when he came with 
his pave.its to Boone county, Ind. He early 
began to work on the farm, and at the age of 
eighteen years he enlisted at Tipton, Tipton 
county, Ind., July 28, 1862, in company B. 
Seventy-fifth regiment, I. V. I. — Capt. Isaac 
H. Montgomery — for three 3'ears or during the 
war, and served until honorably discharged 
Julys, 1865, at Washington, D. C. He was 
in the battle of Heartsville. and all the battles 
from Hoove^r's Gap to Chickamagua and from 
Missionary Ridge to Atlanta, Ga. Here he was 
injured by a shell concussion. He was resting 
his bark against his gun when a piece of shell 
struck it and he received a stunning blow, was 
knocked senseless and was sent home on a 
twenty-five day furlough. He rejoined his regi- 
ment at Chattanooga and was in the battle at 
Nashville, and afterward on railroad duty, and 
after this was at the battle of Smithfield. He 
was in the grand review at Washington and 
returned home. In 1870 he bought his 
present farm, which then consisted of forty 
acres, to which he has added, by good man- 
agement, until he now owns about 160 acres 
of fertile land. 

Mr. and Mrs Burris are the parents of two 
children, Mary M. and Ettie M. He was mar- 
ried November 19 1869, to Sarah I. \\'are, 
nee Sutton, daughter of William and Mary 

(Shally) Sutton. Mr. Sutton was a Kentuck- 
ian of English stock, and the Shallys were of 
German descent. Mr. Sutton was a farmer of 
Fleming county, Ky. , and moved to Putnam 
county, Ind., where he married the widow 
Roberts, nee Shally. Mr. Sutton became a 
substantial farmer and moved to Parke County, 
where he died aged fifty years. He had two 
wives; the first was a Miss Mikels, and they 
were the parents of four children — Margaret, 
Lydia, Mary A., Susan; by his second mar- 
riage there were live children — Sarah I., Mel- 
vina, Levina C, Nancy C. (deceased) and 
Hannah A. Mr. and Mrs. Sutton were mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian church. Mrs. Burris, 
the wife of our subject, was first married to 
Geo. W. Ware — second lieutenant company 
H. One-Hundred and Twenty-sixth regiment, 
Eleventh Indiana volunteer cavalry. He 
was in many battles, and at the battle of 
Franklin he over-^exerted himself and died 
three days later. He left one child — Charles 
E. Both Mr. Burris and wife are members of 
the Presbyterian church. Mr. Burris was a 
faithful soldier, doing his duty cheerfully for 
three years during the great Civil war. He is 
now a respected citizen and an industrious 
man, and having invested his means in land is 
now in prosperous circumstances. His res- 
idence and grounds present an attractive ap- 
pearance, which indicate, taste and refine- 

@EORGE \y. BUSBY is a native of 
Boone county, an old soldier, and 
the leading contractor of Lebanon. 
He is a son of John and Rebecca 
(Campbell) Busby. John Busby was born in 
Kentucky, and married there. He was of 
Scotch-Irish origin. William Campbell, the 
maternal grandfather of our subject, was of 
the same nationality. He was a soldier of the 



war of i8i2 and was killed by the Indians. 
To John Busby and wife were born six chil- 
dren: Nancy J., Francis M., Amezette, George 
W., Mary E., and one who died in infancy, 
all born in Bourbon county, Ky., except the 
two youngest, who were born in Lebanon, to 
which place Mr. Busby moved in 1S37, -and 
entered eighty acres of land in the south part 
of the corporation, being one of the first set- 
tlers of the town. He was a carpenter by 
trade, also a farmer. He was a member of 
the Presbyterian church and in politics an old- 
line whig, afterward a republican. He lived 
to be fifty-six years old and died in Lebanon 
in August, 1864. He was a strong Union man 
and an honest, hard-working citizen. Mr. 
Busby erected many of the early buildings in 
Lebanon, among them the old brick seminary 
and a brick house for Mr. Zion. The glass 
for both these buildings was hauled through 
by wagon from Madison, Ind. The inside of 
these walls was laid up with mud; the founda- 
tion for the old seminary was made of nigger 
heads or small bowlders picked up from the 

George \V. Busby was born in Lebanon, 
May 14, 1842, and had good opportunities for 
an education. He attended the old seminary 
until sixteen years of age, next attended the 
Presbyterian academy until nineteen years of 
age, and then his parents sent him to the 
country to keep him from enlisting in the war. 
He worked at farm work for one season, but 
was determined to become a soldier, and in 
June, 1862, enlisted at Lebanon, for ninety 
days, in company G, Fifty-fifth regiment Indi- 
ana volunteer infantry, under Capt. Henry 
Hamilton and Col. Mahan of Terre Haute. 
He was in the battle of Richmond, Ky., and 
was taken prisoner, but was paroled after two 
weeks, and was obliged to go to Columbus, 
Ohio, to be exchanged. He served out his 
time as an active soldier and did good service, 

and was in several skirmishes with John Mor- 
gan. He was mustered out and honorably 
discharged at Indianapolis in 1862, when he 
returned to Lebanon. Before enlistment he 
had partly learned the carpenter's trade, which 
work he resumed and soon became a fine work- 
man. When at school he had a taste for 
mathematics, and this science became very 
useful to him in business. On December 12, 
1865, he was united in marriage to Mary, 
daughter of J. C. Daily. After her death, Mr. 
Busby married Cannie, daughter of William 
and Jane (Mcintosh) Williams. Mr. Williams 
is a reliable farmer of Fleming county, Ky. 
He is a Union man, was a soldier in a Ken- 
tucky regiment, served three years, and was in 
several battles. It is greatly to his credit that, 
surrounded by Confederates, he fought for the 
Union. Mr. Busby has erected many of the 
most important buildings in Lebanon — the 
DuVal block, the Xeal block. Brown's Grand 
opera house, the fine residences of Mr. Cragun, 
Charles C. King and Mr. Becktell and many 
others, besides man}- other business buildings. 
He is now building a new brick block of three 
stories for J. C. Brown. Both Mr. and Mrs. 
Busby are members of the Methodist church. 
He is a member of Boone lodge. No. 9, F. & 
A. M., also a member of the Red Men and 
Rich Mountain post, G. A. R. He has erected 
for himself and wife a very tasteful residence. 
He has a practical knowledge of architecture 
and excellent taste and skill in this line. He 
is noted for his reliability and integrity of 

^y'^AVID A. CALDWELL.— This aged 
I I gentleman is, with the exception of 
/^^_^ Levi Lane, the oldest resident of 
Boone county, Ind., and the oldest 
man in Boone 'county, with the exception of 
Nathan Cory. He springs from the old colo- 



nial American stock. His pattrnal grandfather 
was \\'ill'am Caldwell, aind. as his father mar- 
ried a full cousin, his grandfather on his ma- 
ternal side was Alexander Caldwell. They 
were both of Scotch-Irish descent and both 
moved to Kentucky in 1784 and settled at 
Mays\ille, Mason county, at the mouth of 
Limestone creek, on the Ohio river. William 
Caldwell built the second cabin in the place. 
He had a family in Pennsylvania. His wife 
was Mary McClellan, and his children were: 
Robert, William, David, Thomas, Polly, Sally, 
Mattie, Susan, Margaret, and Elizabeth. The 
wife of. Alexander Caldwell was Betsy Ste- 
phenson, who was the mother of Sarah. Betsy, 
Martha, Patsy, Polly, David, Robert and Alex- 
ander .All of them were born in Pennsylva- 
nia, and most of them were married and had 
families when they settled in Kentucky. Rob- 
ert Caldwell, son of William, was a soldier in 
the Revolution. The family had a great deal 
of trouble in the early day in Pennsylvania, 
and were both early settlers of Westmoreland 
county, that state, and both were contempo- 
raneous with Daniel Boone in Kentucky, and 
fought in the old Indian wars. Thomas Cald- 
well, father of our subject, was born in West- 
moreland county, Pa , in 1778, and was six 
years of age when brought to Kentucky with 
his father's family, the journey being made by 
boat down the Ohio river. He grew up a 
farmer and learned to read and write, and mar- 
ried his cousin, Sarah Caldwell, and to them 
were born eight children, who lived to matu- 
rit)- — David, Nathan, William, Alexander, 
Elizabeth, Mary, Martha and Sarah. Our sub- 
ject alone survives, and has reached a greater 
age than any of his ancestors. The father of moved to Bourbon county, Ky. , about 
one year after the settlement at Maysville, and 
shortly after settled in Nicholas county, Ky., 
and entered land. Here Thomas Caldwell 
settled after marriage, and in 1834 moved to 

Montgomery county, Ind., all of his family, 
except David A., coming with him. David 
A. .being married, remained in Nicholas county, 
Ky., nine years. Thomas Caldwell became 
a substantial farmer of Montgomery county, 
owning 200 acres of land at the time of his 
death, at the age of seventy-three years. He 
was a deacon in the Presbyterian church, of 
which his wife was also a member. In politics 
he was an old-time whig, afterward a repub- 
lican. He was an industrious, hard-working, 
honorable pioneer citizen. 

David A. Caldwell was born in 1804, 
March 21st, in Nicholas county, Ky.. learned 
to read, write a good hand, and figure well, 
and by reading at home gained a good common 
education Possessing an intelligent mind, he 
was a good mathematician, and when a young 
man of twenty-t\.o years, made a copy of the 
arithmetical examples that he studied in 
Guthrie's arithmetic, in a neat old-fashioned 
hand, which is an excellent example of pen- 
manship. This record, presented by Mr. Cald- 
well, begins with simple fractions, then the 
rule of three and the universal rule of propor- 
tion and many examples of practice. This 
record would do credit to the modern school- 
teacher, and the editor doubts if many of the 
school-teachers of Boone county could make a 
neater record. Mr. Caldwell was brought up a 
pioneer farmer and married in Nicholas coun- 
ty, Ky. , at the age of twenty-five, March 19, 
1829, Martha, daughter of Edward and Mary 
(Stephenson) Cresswell, and they were the par- 
ents of four children, all born in Kentucky, as 
follows : Elmira A. , who married Samuel Bee- 
man and bore nine children; Edward T., mar- 
ried Elizabeth Padget, six children; Mary, 
married William Powell, no children; Martha, 
married William Partner, three children. 
After marriage, Mr. Caldwell settled on a 
farm in Nicholas county, and resided there 
fourteen years, and in 1843 moved to Indiana 



and settled in Boone county, where he had 
entered 480 acres of Jand, November 2, 1833, 
and where his present farm is located, and 
most of which is now occupied by his descend- 
ants. Mr. Caldwell paid $1.25 per acre for 
this land, and about fifteen years since he sold 
a black walnut tree which paid for forty acres 
of land. At one time he owned 720 acres, 
and after dividinj; about 500 acres among his 
grandchildren, he still retains 100 acres as the 
home farm. Mr. Caldwell cleared up his 
farm from the ^eavy timber covering it by 
hard work and great industry, making a fine 
farm, which he improved, and on which he 
built a substantial, commodious residence and 
other farm buildings, and prosperity attended 
his efforts. In political opinions, Mr. Cald- 
well is a republican, and in religious belief a 
Presbyterian; in which church he was a deacon 
for several years. Mrs. Caldwell was also a 
member of the same church. Mr. Caldwell 
has now about si.xteen grandchildren, thirty 
great-grandchildren, and one great-great- 
grand child. He held a family reunion at his 
residence on Wednesday, March 21, 1894, 
and many of his descendants attended on this 
enjoyable occasion. 

John A. Caldwell, grandson of above, is a 
practical and progressive farmer of Center 
township, and son of Edward T. He was 
born June 18, 1S60. on the farm adjoining the 
corporation of Lebanon, and part of the old 
homestead. He received a common school 
education in the public schools of Lebanon, 
and married Cornelia Waugh, September 19, 
1882, daughter of Daniel and Emily (Beasley) 
Waugh. To Mr. Caldwell and wife one child, 
Clyde D., was born August 4, 1886. Mr. Cald- 
well owns 98 55-100 acres of fertile farming 
land adjoining Lebanon, on which he has made 
fine improvements. Both Mr. and Mrs. Cald- 
well are members of the Presbyterian church. 
Politically he is a republican; fraternally, a K. 

of P., Lebanon lodge. No. 45, and has filled 
the chair of vice-chancellor. He is also a 
member of the A O. U. W. , Lebanon lodge, 
No. III. His father, Edward T. , was a sub- 
stantial farmer and member of The'Presbyterian 
church. He is recently deceased, leaving si.x 
children — John A., Albert M., Annie M., 
Martha J. , David A. , Jr. , and Eddie M. Samuel 
Waugh, the father of Mrs. Caldwell, is a ma- 
chinist now in the Brightwood shops, Ind. He 
is a man of excellent character, and was at 
one time justice of the peace. John A. Cald- 
well is an extensive breeder of fine Poland 
China hogs, and is widely known in this busi- 
ness in Boone county. He is a practical and 
straightforward man. 

Vj'OHN W, CALDWELL, a leading 
■ farmer, and also an old soldier of Har- 
/» 1 rison township, Boone county, Ind., is 
of Irish-Fiench descent, but traces his 
antecedents in America anterior to the Revo- 
lutionary war. His great-grandfather on the 
paternal side was a settler in the Old Dominion 
long prior to that struggle, and his maternal 
grandfather (Samuel Scott) took actual part in 
several battles during the heroic and sanguin- 
ary conflict. His paternal grandfather, John 
Caldwell, was born in \'irginia, was reared to 
agriculture, and married Miss Claybourne, and 
to their union were born the following children: 
Thomas, Henry, Seth, John, Sarah E. and 
Levicia. The first named of these, Thomas, 
the father of the subject of this sketch, was 
born in Virginia in October, 1799, and came 
to Indiana in 1S34, settling three miles north 
of Jamestown. Jackson township, in Boone 
county. He married Rachel Scott, daughter 
of Samuel and Alice (Muncie) Scott, a bio- 
graghical notice of whom is given in the sketch 
of George W'. Scott, to be found on another 
page, to which the attention of the reader is 



respectfully called. The children born to 
Thomas and Rachel 'Caldwell were named 
Nancy, Mary, Nathaniel S., Ruth, John \V., 
Reuben, Jane, Elizabeth and Alice. Thomas 
Caldwell owned a well-improved farm of 1 1 1 
acres, and was a solid and respiected citizen. 
He and wife were worthy members of the 
Methodist church, in which he was for many 
years a class-leader, and they died in 1875 and 
1877, respectively. 

John \V. Caldwell was born in Boone 
county, Ind., 3Iarch 23. 1835, on the home 
farm. He received a very good common En- 
glish education and learned the carpenter's 
trade, at which he became an expert, and fol- 
lowed it as a \ocation for four years, when he 
married, March 2. 1856, Miss Martha J. 
Moore, daughter of Robert and Margaret (Jen- 
kins) Moore. Robert Moore was a farmer and 
accumulated a handsome property; in politics 
he was first an old-line whig, but later became 
a republican. Both Mr. and'Mrs. Moore were 
devout Presbyterians. To Mr. and ^frs. 
Caldwell have been born the following chil- 
dren, in the order named: Ira, James, Oliver, 
Charles, Rachel, Thomas P., Mattie, Eliza- 
beth and Robert L. From 1862 to 1865 Mr. 
Caldwell was a member of the Home guard 
and was twice called out — once to drive out 
John Morgan's raiders, and once to suppress a 
riot ii: Jackson township, in which si.x men 
were captured and taken to Indianapolis. He 
enlisted in defense of the Union at Indiana- 
polis, March i, 1865, in company G, Eleventh 
Indiana volunteer infantry. Two months were 
passed in Fort Marshall in drilling and doing 
camp and guard duty, and the next four 
months at Fort McHenry in similar exercises 
and discipline. At the latter fort, however, he 
was confined to the hospital by sickness for a 
month, having first had a severe sunstroke; 
which was followed by an attack of remittent 
fever. He was still at the hospital, suffering 

from the last-named illness, when, peace hav- 
ing been declared in the interval, his regirrient 
returned home and left him there to be nursed 
back to health. He eventually recovered and 
was sent home; he was allowed a pension of 
$4 per month, which has never been increased. 
In 1866, Mr. Caldwell bought eighty acres of 
his present farm, and by judicious management 
and properly applied industry soon transformed 
the wilderness and frog pond into blooming 
arid fertile fields and the log cabins into hand- 
some farm buildings. He has added to his 
original tract of eight}- acres, until he now 
owns 125 acres, all well drained and tilled. 
Politically, Mr. Caldwell is a republican, and 
fraternally is a member of Rich Mountain post, 
No. 42, G. A. R.. at Lebanon, Ind. He and 
wife are members of the Methodist church, 
which they support liberalh" b)" their influence 
and generally aid with their means, and both 
stand deservedly high with their neighbors as 
descendants of old American families, valuable 
citizens and christian people. 

^y^ S. CALDWELL, the efficient trust- 
1 B ee of Jackson township, is a nati\e 
I I of Lee county, \'a. , where his birth 
occurred on the third day of April, 
1832. His grandfather, William Caldwell, 
also a native of the Old Dominion, emigrated 
to Kentucky a number of years ago and died 
there at a ripe old age. Thomas Caldwell, 
father of X. S. , was born in Giles county, Va. , 
October 12, 1799, em.igrated westward in 
1834, and settled in Boone count}', Ind., lo- 
cating in Jackson township, where he pur- 
chased land and engaged in farming. Later 
he disposed of his original purchase and bought 
other lands, which he improved, and at the 
time of his death, July 13, 1873, was the 
owner of 1 1 1 acres, the greater part under 



cultivation. Rachel Scott, wife of Thomas 
Caldwell, was born June 22, 1799, in Virginia, 
and was the daughter of Samuel and Alice 
(Muncie) Scott, natives of the same state, 
where the ancestors of the family settled at a 
a period antedating the war of Independence, 
in which struggle Samuel Scott bore a con- 
spicuous part. To Thomas and Rachel Cald- 
well were born the following children in the 
order named: Nancy, Mary A., Nathaniel S., 
Ruth, John W. , Reuben, Jane, Elizabeth, 
and Alice.- In an early day the home of 
Thomas Caldwell was a favorite stopping 
place for all itinerant Methodist preachers of 
central Indiana, and it was at his house that 
some of the first religious meetings e\ er held 
in Jackson township were conducted. Mr. 
and Mrs. Caldwell were devoted christians, 
and in the original organization of the old 
Ebenezer M. E. church their names appear as 
charter members. They ^were both very pop- 
ular among the neighbors, and few citizens of 
Jackson township were held in as high esteem 
by the general public as they. Mrs. Caldwell 
was called from the scene of her earthly labors 
in the month of November, 1875. 

Nathaniel S. Caldwell was Brought to 
Boone county when quite young. His early 
educational advantages were such as the in- 
different country schools at that time afTorded, 
but such was his diligence and application 
that within a few years he had made sufficient 
progress to enable him to teach, which calling 
he followed for some time in Jackson town- 
ship, where he earned the reputation of a very 
careful and painstaking instructor. Actuated 
by a laudable desire to increase his scholastic 
knowledge, Mr. Caldwell subsequent!)- pursued 
his studies for a limited period in Wabash col- 
lege, Crawfordsville, Ind., and afterward, 
about the year 1859, was appointed a member 
of the board of examiners, whose duty it was 
to license teachers for the schools of Boone 

county, the duties of which position he dis- 
charged very satisfactorily until 1S61. In 
matters educational Mr. Caldwell has always 
manifested great interest, and to him, as much 
as to any other man. are the schools of Boone 
county indebted for much of the efficiency for 
which they have been noted in past years. In 
addition to the official position mentioned, Mr. 
Caldwell at different times has been called to 
fill other places of trust, among which were 
those of justice of the peace and trustee, 
being the present incumbent of the latter 
office. As a public servant he has always been 
noted for fidelity, and against his official 
record no breath of suspicion was ever known 
to have been uttered. Mr. Caldwell is a self- 
made man in all the term implies, and the 
beautiful farm he now owns, supplied with all 
modern improvements and the latest agricul- 
tural appliances, represents the fruits of his 
unaided industry and well-directed business 
thrift. He began lite for himself with little or 
no financial assistance, working as a common 
laborer for the insignificant sum of fift\- cents 
a day, yet from this scanty remuneration he 
laid by sufficient to enable him to acquire a 
good education, beside laying the corner- 
stone of his present position as a leading 
farmer and successful man of affairs. His 
farm, a model in many -respects, consists of 
120 acres of very valuable and highly im- 
proved land; he believes in maintaining the 
dignity of his calling, and it is with pleasure 
that his name is presented to the readers of 
this volume as one of the representative men 
of the county of Boone. He is a democrat in 
politics, and as such wields a potent influence 
for his party, for the success of which he has 
labored earnestly in m'any campaigns, both 
local and national. Mr. Caldwell was mar- 
ried in February, 1S57, to Miss Frances 
Canada, daughter of David and Martha 
(Ring) Canada, to which union the following 


children have been born; Thomas J., David, 
killed by lightning May 1 6, 1 871, John M. 
and Charles E. Caldwell. 

a ALE CANADA is one of the leading 
farmers of Jackson township, Boone 
county, Ind., and is of English de- 
scent. His grandfather, David Can- 
ada, came to Indiana from North Carolina 
when a young man, and in _i83i assisted in the 
organization of Boone county, where he had 
entered 160 acres of land. . He had served in 
the war of 1 8 12, and for gallant conduct was 
brevetted colonel. He first married, in Boone 
county, Martha Rugg, and had born to him the 
following-named children: David, Solomon, 
Caleb and William. For his second wife he 
chose Patsy Dwiggins. He was a trader in 
horses, and made several trips back to his 
native state in the interest of this traffic. He 
was a Jeffersonian democrat in his politics. 
His son William, the father of Cale Canada, 
was born in Boone county and was a great 
hunter. He married Nancy Martin, daughter 
of John Martin, and had born to him the fol- 
lowing family: Solomon, Mary, Cale, Nancy, 
George, Catharine, David and Margaret C. 
Mr. and Mrs. William Canada were charter 
members of the first Methodist church estab- 
lished in Jackson township, of which Mr. Can- 
ada was a trustee, and he also hewed every 
log that was used in the erection of the first 
church edifice by that congregation. He died 
in this faith, and his remains were laid to rest 
in the Mount Zion cemetery. 

Cale Canada was born April 12, 1S44, in 
Boone county, Ind., and when young was in- 
ured to toil. July 22, 1S63, he enlisted in 
company G, One Hundred and Sixteenth Indi- 
ana volunteer infantry, but was transferred 
from Indiana to Michigan for three weeks; was 
then sent to Dayton, Ohio; then to Cumber- 

land Gap; was in the battle of Tazewell, Tenn., 
and in several severe skirmishes; was at Green- 
ville, Tenn. ; at Watkins' Ford the battle lasted 
a day and a half, and he had to wade the river 
in early spring, while the weather was yet tfold, 
but the enemy was compelled to retreat. From 
this chilly wading, however, a severe cold re- 
sulted, and Mr. Canada was confined by it to 
the hospital for two weeks and was unfitted for 
further duty until after his honorable discharge, 
March I,' 1864, by Capt. J. R. Ashmead, of 
company E, Forty-second Indiana volunteer 
infantry. July 21, 1865, Mr. Canada became 
a recruit of the Forty-second regiment, and 
was transported from the field, via the ocean, 
to Wilmington, N. C, where the detachment 
of 4,000 men were landed, most of them hav- 
ing suffered from sea-sickness. Immediately 
they had a fight south of Raleigh, N. C. Here 
a shell e.xploded and tore off a wheel from a 
wagon under which Mr. Canada was lying, 
blew the wagon all to pieces, but did not injure 
him. He was then engaged in daily skirmish- 
ing for two months and on picket duty nearly 
every night, and in foraging for meat at inter- 
vals, and in the performance of the latter duty 
met with many humorous, as well as many 
dangerous, adventures. 

Mr. Canada was united in marriage Novem- 
ber 22, 1866, with Miss Maggie C, daughter 
of Benjamin and Hannah Lewis — the former 
a prosperous farmer of Boone county and the 
owner of a good farm of 126 acres. The 
grandfather of Mrs. Canada, Charles Lewis, 
entered this farm, cleared and improved it. 
He was a soldier in the Revolutionary war and 
a prominent citizen of Montgomery count}', 
Ind. ; he married Nancy Adams, who bore him 
the following children: Washington, Fielding, 
Benjamin, JohnW. , Charles, Preston, Sarah 
and Frankie. He came from North Carolina 
to Boone county, Ind., in an early day; here 
he has accumulated 200 acres of land for him- 



self, and given to all his children eighty acres 
apiece. He and his wife died in the Method- 
ist faith, and in politics Mr. Lewis was an old- 
line whig. Benjamin Lewis, son of Charles 
Lewis and father of Mrs. Canada, was born in 
North Carolina and came to Indiana when 
small. By his marriage with Hannah Hudson 
he became the father of the following children: 
Nancy, who died at the age of ten years; \\'il- 
liam; Lucinda; Maggie; John and Melissa. 
Mr. Canada bought his present farm of fifty- 
six acres in 1883 and made all the improve- 
ments, including a substantial frame house, 
barn, fencing and ditching. Mr. and Mrs. 
Canada are members of the Methodist church; 
both have taught classes in the Sunday s:hool 
and both take an active interest in church and 
Sunday school work. In politics Mr. Canada 
is an ardent republican. He is a member of 
the Henry Howard post, G. A. R., No. 449, 
and also a member of K. of P. lodge. No. 294, 
at New Ross. Mrs. Canada is a member of 
the Pythian Sisters Temple, No. 74, and is a 
trustee of the same order. Both Mr. and Mrs. 
Canada stand deservedly high in the commu- 
nity in which they have so long resided and 
their amiable children — Mollie K. and Belle 
Emmert — are equally well thought of by their 
neighbors. Mollie K. has been a teacher in 
the Sabbath school for some time past, and is 
the present secretary. Belle Emmert was 
formerly a teacher and is the ex-secretary, and 
both are highly intelligent and accomplished 

■ IB Ward, Jackson township, Boone 
\^ £ ^ county, Ind., is a leading citizen 
and a native of the township. He 
was born February 20, 1852, and his pro.xi- 
mate genealogy is as follows : His great- 
grandfather, John Carriger, came from Ger- 
many and settled in Pennsylvania anterior to 

the Revolutionary war. John, son of the 
above and grandfather of M. M. Cirriger, 
moved from Pennsylvania to Carter county, 
Tenn., and there was a successful farmer. 
He had born to him the following-named 
children: George M., Godfrey, Elliot, Chris- 
topher, Michael, James, David, John J., and 
Nancy J. The eldest of this family, George 
M.. was the father of the subject of thissketch. 
He was born in Tennessee February 11, 18(1, 
was reared a farmer, but later became a noted 
school-teacher in Sullivan county, Ind. In 
that county he was married, August 15, 1S38, 
to Miss Sarah D., daughter of James and 
Elizabeth (Noton) George. It was in that 
year, 1838, that George M. came to Indiana 
and entered 160 acres of land in the county 
named above. He resided there until he came 
to Boone county, where he had bought 160 
acres of land as far back as the year of his 
marriage. Later on, he brought his family 
to Boone, and increased his landed estate to 
470 acres— being one of the largest land own- 
ers of Jackson township. In 1856 he retired 
to town, and at his death, March 10, 1891, 
left his children about $1,800 each. He was 
very liberal in his aid to the Methodist church, 
of which he and wife were members, and was 
untiring in his efforts to promote the cause of 
education. His remains were interred in the 
Brockway cemetery, and were followed to 
their last resting place by a procession of 
friends and neighbors who were sincere mour- 
ners of his loss. 

Michael M. Carriger was well educated in 
his youth at the graded schools of Bainbridge 
and Kokoino, Ind., and later taught school in 
Putnam county, Ind., with much success, and 
during all his mature lifetime has been an active 
worker in the cause of education for the poor, 
as well as the rich, on the basis of making the 
school-house doors open to all alike, free of 
charge, and has done much toward the im- 



provement of the already excellent school sys- 
tem of the state. 

Mr. Carriger was most happily married, 
February 19, 1879, to Miss Emma Heath, 
daughter of James and Elizabeth (Neal) Heath, 
the former of whom was a leading farmer of 
Center township, Boone county, but is now 
deceased. To the union of Mr. and Mrs. Car- 
riger have been born the following-named chil- 
dren: M. Catherine, Louise, Jane, Parley, 
Samuel, Anna. Bookie and James Morton. 
After his marriage Mr. Carriger settled on a 
farm of i ip acres in Jackson towuship, and 
this plot of land he has converted into a ter- 
restrial Elysium. He is thoroughly skilled in 
the science of agriculture — and it may well be 
called a science— and by his close attention to his 
vocation has accumulated so fair a proportion 
of this world's wealth as to place him beyond 
the cares and asperities of ordinary human e.\- 
istence. Mr. Carriger is highly educated and 
has an inborn fondness for books. He is well 
posted in modern as well as ancient history, 
and the current literature of the better class 
claims much of his attention. 

V-7*0HN CARROLL, a pro:iiinent farmer 
M and influential citizen of Marion 
« 1 township, Boone county, Ind., is 
descended, paternally, from sturdy 
Scotch-Irish ancestors and traces his geneaol- 
ogy back to his grandfather, William Car- 
roll, who came to the United States prior to 
the war of Independence, in which struggle 
he bore an active and prominent part. 
William Carroll lived to an advanced age and 
left a family, one member of which— -James 
Carroll, father of the immediate subject of 
this mention— was born March 19, 1789, in 
Northumberland county, Pa., where he grew 

to manhood and where, on the fourth day of 
March, 18 r6, he was united in marriage to 
Miss Lucy Gregory. Mrs. Lucy Carroll was 
bom September 12, 1798, in Allegany county, 
N. Y. , the daughter of William and Lucy 
Gregory, and bore her husband the following 
children: Elizabeth, born October,-24, 18 16; 
William, born May 5, 1 8 19; Moses, born April 
20, 1821; Jane, born July 28, i823;Phebe, 
born January 30, 1826; Ellis, born .August 6, 
1828; Ann, born June 10, 1S31; Malinda, 
born October 30, 1833; John, born April 8, 
1836; Miranda, born April 24, i839;Alonzo, 
born March i, 1843; all but two of whom, 
Malinda and Miranda, grew to years of 
maturity, but at this time all are dead e.xcept 
the subject of this sketch. The mother of 
these children, a most excellent christian 
lady, departed this life the 17th of November, 
in the year 1864; and the father was called 
from the scenes of his earthly labors at a 
good old age, May 28, 1873. For a number 
of years James Carroll was an active and 
influential member of the Baptist church, the 
principles of which he e.xemplified in his 
daily walk and conversation, and he is re- 
membered as a man of the utmost probity in 
the community where he resided. Before 
going to New York, he followed agricultural 
pursuits, and in the latter state he purchased 
a small farm, which he disposed of in 1838 
and emigrated to Indiana, locating near the 
town of Zionsville, Boone county. Subse- 
quently he became the possessor of a tract of 
land near Elizaville, purchasing his first farm 
in that locality, consisting of forty acres, for 
the sum of three hundred dollars. 

John Carroll, whose name introduces this 
mention, was born in the year 1836, in .-Alle- 
gany county, N. Y. , and when two years of 
age was brought to Indiana, where he grew to 
manhood amid the stirring scenes of pioneer 
times. His early educational training was re- 



ceived in the pioneer log school-house, a 
structure familiar in those days, and he recalls 
with pleasure the time passed within the walls 
of the rude building, the furniture of which con- 
sisted of a few split pole benches, a rough 
board fastened to the wall for a desk, and 
puncheon floors, the whole lighted by a win- 
dow made by removing a log from the wall, in 
which greased paper was placed in lieu of 
glass. His school days were by no means 
many, as he was obliged to work early and 
late in the field and clearing, and, while still a 
mere boy, his share of the work in bringing 
"the farm under cultivation was considerable. 
On the seventh day of October, 1858, Mr. 
Carroll entered into the marriage relation with 
Miss Rebecca English, a descendant of an old 
Scotch family, several members of which came 
to the United States in an early day and set- 
tled in Kentucky. From that state Mrs. 
Carroll's grandparents, Andrew and Martha 
(Porter) English, emigrated to South Caro- 
lina; thence in an early day came to Indiana, 
settling in the county of Boone. Mrs. Car- 
roll's parents, James H. and Jane (Maze) Eng- 
lish, reared a family consisting of the following 
children — Isabell, Elizabeth, Rebecca, Samuel 
B., Andrew F., and Rachel A., all but one of 
whom grew to maturity and became heads of 

After their marriage, Mr. and Mrs. Carroll 
moved to a piece of woodland in Boone county, 
where, by industry and the practice of most 
rigid economy, a farm was in due time cleared, 
upon which, with the exception of about one 
year, their lives have since been passed. Mr. 
Carroll's original purchase consisted of eighty 
acres, and the dwelling in which he began 
housekeeping was a log cabin of the most 
primitive pattern, with stick chimney, puncheon 
floor, dirt hearfh, while the household furni- 
ture and utensils were of the rudest kind, 
nearly everything then in use being of home 

manufacture. Mr. Carroll's early life was one 
of toil, and privations not a few beset him upon 
every hand for several years after beginning 
work in the forest home. Within a reason- 
able length of time, he was able to increase the 
area of his landed property, and, at this time, 
he is the possessor of 3 1 3 acres of. valuable 
real estate, all of which represent the fruits of 
his industry and well-directed business energy. 
His home farm is a model in many respects, 
having good buildings, fences, etc. , while the 
fertility has been greatly enhanced by a suc- 
cessful system of tile drainage, consisting of 
over 6,000 rods, the entire place bespeaking 
the presence of a thrifty farmer and intelli- 
gent man of affairs. 

In addition to general farming Mr. Carroll 
pays considerable attention to the raising of 
live stock, making a specialty of fine cattle and 
hogs, always keeping a number of superior 
breeds on his place. In April, 1S65, Mr. Car- 
roll entered the service of his country as a 
member of company G, One Hundred and Fifty- 
fourth Indiana infantry, with which he served 
until discharged at the close of the war, his 
regiment seeing its only service in the Shenan- 
doah valley, Va. 

Mr. and Mrs. Carroll have not been blessed 
with any children of their own, but in a true 
spirit of charity have at different times afforded 
homes for children of relatives and others, and 
those thus assisted have grown up to call their 
benefactors blessed. As a citizen, few men of 
Boone county stand higher in the estimation of 
the public than Mr. Carroll, and he is noted as 
being an active promoter of all movements 
having for their object the moral well-being of 
the community. For a number of he 
has been actively identified with the United 
Presbyterian church, and the G. A. R. finds in 
him one of its most enthusiastic support- 
ers; his membership is with Kirklin post. 
No. 48. 

Of booNe county. 


EON. ISAAC N. CASTER, of Jefferson 
township, Boone county, Ind., was 
born in Montgomery county, Ind., 
July 2 1, 1843, and is a son of John 
and Elizabeth (Robbins) Caster, the former of 
whom was born in Hardin county, Ky. , and 
was a son of Isaac Caster, a native of New 
Jersey, but subsequently a resident of Ken- 
tucky and Indiana, in which last named state 
he died March 12, 1874. John Caster came 
from Kentucky with his parents to Indiana and 
was educated in the pioneer schools of Mont- 
gomery county, and here married Elizabeth 
Robbins, a daughter of Jared R. and Barbara 
(Carr) Robbins and a native of Shelbyville, 
Ky. John Caster was here engaged in farm- 
ing until his death, May 9, 1863, in the Baptist 
faith; his widow survived until August 13, 1868, 
when she expired in the faith of the Presbyte- 
rian church. There were born to them five 
children, named as follows: Abraham, Isaac 
N., Jacob, Charity (wife of John Trimble), and 
Sarah (wife of John Finch), all of Montgomery 
county, Ind. 

Isaac N. Caster was reared on the home 
farm and attended the old-fashioned school- 
house until seventeen years of age, when, July 
12, 1862, he enlisted in company B, Seventy- 
second regimen*-, Indiana volunteer infantry, 
under Capt. Carr, and was assigned to the 
army of the Cumberland. He participated in 
the battles of Stone River and Hoover's Gap, 
and, while on the march from Murfreesboro to 
Glasgow, was taken ill with chronic diarrhcea, 
and was confined six weeks in the hospital at 
Murfreesboro; at the end of that period he was 
honorably discharged from the service on ac- 
count of disability, in September, 1863. He 
rested in Montgomery county, Ind., until June, 
1864, when, having recuperated, he enlisted in 
company G, One Hundred and Thirty-fifth 
Indiana volunteer infantry, for one hundred 
days, at the end of which time he was again 

honorably discharged. In 1868 he entered 
Wabash college and attended two terms. With 
his brothers he engaged in farming on the 
iiome place until 1877, when he rrarried, Feb- 
ruary I, Miss Mary Moore, who was born in 
Boone county, Ind., November 7, 1848, a 
daughter of William and Rebecca (Ross) Moore, 
natives of Virginia and Pennsylvania respect- 
ively. On marrying, Mr. Caster resided in 
Franklin township until 1879, when he came 
to Boone county, Ind., and located on his 
present beautiful farm of 160 acres, still own- 
ing, however, ninety acres in Montgomery 

Mr. Caster has for many years been an 
active and ardent republican, and has always 
been a favorite leader of his party. In 1888 
he was elected, by a majority of 600 votes, to 
the state senate of Indiana, and served in the 
sessions of 1889 and 1S91. While a member 
of that august body he was active and efficient, 
and introduced a number of important bills, 
among them one prohibiting the sale of to- 
bacco, cigarettes, etc., to boys under sixteen 
i-ears of age, and also a bill to limit fares on 
railroads, etc., showing that he had at heart 
the welfare of the entire community. In reli- 
gious faith, Mr. Caster is a Presbyterian, and 
fraternally is a member of the K. of P. lodge, 
No. 124, of Thorntown, and of the G. A. R. 
post. No. 184, of the same place. Asa farmer 
he is the peer of any agriculturist in the county 
of Boone. Socially, Mr. and Mrs. Caster en- 
joy the friendship of a wide circle of acquaint- 
ances, and no family in the conmiunity is more 
highly esteemed.^ 

>-T»OHN C. CHAMBERS, a native of 

J Preble county, Ohio, born May 28, 

(9 J 1S20, is the son of William and 

Barbara (Deem) Chambers, of Irish 

extraction. The grandfather of Mr. Cham- 



bers lived to the extraordinary age of one 
hundred and seven years, and lognevity more 
than ordinary seems to be a characteristic of 
this family. William Chambers came to 
Indiana in 1839 and located in Decatur county, 
where he followed farming until his death 
in 1843, his wife dying the same year. They 
were the parents of thirteen children, named 
as follows: Polly, Barbara, Catherine, Wil- 
helmina, Jane, Nancy, Julia, Margaret, Will- 
iam, Joseph, Alexander _and Thomas, all 
deceased, and John C. 

John C. Chambers was jeared to manhood 
in Decatur county. In I S48 he bought a 
small farm in Tipton county, on which he 
lived a year, moved back to Decatur county, 
and remained two years, and then came to 
Boone county, bought eighty acres in Perry 
township, and lived thereon until 1882, when 
he sold and bought the forty acre tract, in the 
same township, on which he now lives in re- 
tirement. Mr. Chambers was married in 
Decatur county in 184 1 to Miss Nancy Holmes, 
who was born in Decatur county, March 25, 
1825, a daughter of John C. and Rachel 
(Long) Holmes, natives, respectively, of Vir- 
ginia and Kentucky. To this union have been 
born eight children, viz: William; Mary, wife 
of P. Shirley; Sarah, deceased; Matilda, de- 
ceased; George; Nancy, deceased; Maggie, 
deceased, and Ida, wife of E. D. Worrell. 
Mr. Chambers and his wife are members of the 
Baptist church, and in politics he is a demo- 
crat. The family is held in the highest 
esteem by the citizens of the township. 

'>-T*OSEPH CLARK, a prosperous and well- 
M to-do farmer of Washington township, 
/» 1 Boone county. Ind., where he has been 
most favorably known for a number of 
years, is a native of Ripley county. Ind., and 
dates his birth from September 16, 182 i. He 

is the son of James and Anna (Hewey) Clark, 
who were natives of Kentucky and North 
Carolina respectively. They each removed to 
the state of Indiana while it was yet a territory, 
coming with their people, and later they were 
married in Ripley county, where they resided 
for a number of years and subsequently removed 
to Jennings county; thence to Marion county, 
where they resided until death. They were 
the parents of eight children, all but one of 
whom were born in Jennings county, and their 
names are as follows: Henry, Nancy J., 
James, Harriet, Elizabeth, Celia, John, and 
Joseph, our subject, the youngest member of 
the family. James Clark and his wife Anna 
were among the pioneers of Indiana and knew 
well the hardships and privations that frontier 
life entailed. Mr. Clark was also one of the 
first commissioned officers of the Indiana terri- 
tory, being well acquainted with its first gov- 
enor as well as the first governor of the state 
of Indiana. He was one of the leading men 
of the day, taking an active part in everything 
that would lend a helping hand toward the 
growth and development of his adopted state. 
Joseph Clark was reared upon the home 
farm and received the advantages of the com- 
mon schools of that day. When about seven- 
teen years old Joseph began as an apprentice 
at the tanner's trade, which vocation he fol- 
lowed for about ten years. His marriage oc- 
curred December 2, 1840, with Miss Eliza E. 
Clark, who was born in Muhlenberg county, 
Ky., September 15, 1826, and was a daughter 
of Archibald G. and Susan (Alexander) Clark, 
who were also natives of Kentucky and were 
among the very best families. In about 1S4S 
Joseph Clark moved to Johnson county, Ind., 
where he purchased land and engaged in till- 
ing the soil, which vocation he has since 
followed. In December,- 1863, he answer- 
ed to his country's call by enlisting in 
company H, Ninth Indiana cavalry of the 



One-Hundred and Twenty-first regiment, and 
served until the close of the war. Mr. 
Clark saw active service from the time he 
entered the army until he was honorably dis- 
charged, and no man served more willingly 
and honorably in behalf of the Union. He 
returned to his home in Johnson county, 
where he resided until 1881, at which time he 
removed to Boone county and purchased his 
present farm in Washington township, which 
consists of 100 acres of fine and well improved 
land, on which he has resided ever since. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Clark have been born ten chil- 
dren as follows : Susan A., James G., Delilah 
J., Sarah A., William H., Mary J., Emily, 
Thomas J., Ellsworth and Frank, of whom 
Susan A. is deceased. Mr. Clark is a member 
of the Presbyterian church and is also a mem- 
ber of the Masonic order, while Mrs. Clark is a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church. 
Mr. and Mrs. Clark are highly esteemed citi- 
zens and have surrounded themselves with a 
host of friends since locating in Boone county. 

*"»-* LOYD CLEAVER is one of the most 

I I enterprising and industrious farmers 
I ^ of Center township, Boone county, 
Ind. He is one of the energetic and 
hard-working, self-made men who are a com- 
fort to Boone count}'. Descending from an 
old colonial Maryland family, his ancestors 
have been in America for more than 200 years. 
His four great-grandfathers were in the war 
of the Revolution — one was a Cleaver, one a 
Simmonds, one a Stamsbury and one a Han- 
cock. John Cleaver, great grandfather, was a 
physician from Maryland, settled in Butler 
county, Ohio, near Hamilton, coming from 
Marj'land, and moved to Franklin county, Ind. , 
settling among the pioneers, where he prac- 
ticed medicine for many years and rode as 
many as thirty to si.xty miles to visit patients. 

and was known far and wide. He married 
Miss Rebecca Taylor, of Baltimore. John 
Cleaver, son of the John mentioned above, was 
in his eighteenth year when he entered the 
American army, and was about to depart from 
Cincinnati with a number of other youths to 
join Gen. Jackson at New Orleans, when the 
news of peace arrived, and the boys returned 
home. He afterward married Mar_\', daughter 
of Robert Simmonds, who also came from Mary- 
land, where he had a large plantation. He mar- 
ried Sarah George. They were both Quakers. 
Robert Simmonds, of English descent, was in 
the American navy in the war for independence. 
To John and Mary (Simmonds) Cleaver were 
born nine children — George, Samuel, Henry, 
Jane, Lucinda, Laura, Almira. Helen and 
Maria. His first wife died and he married 
Mary Sealy, and they were the parents of 
John, Franklin P., Richard, Lucy, Rebecca, 
Percilla, Clara and Cora. Mr. Cleaver lived 
to be over seventy years of age. In political 
opinions he was a Jacksonian democrat, and 
died in December, 1S74. He was a member of the 
Methodist church, and a respected and prom- 
inent man of Franklin county, which he rep- 
resented in the state legislature. George 
Cleaver, his son. and the father of our subject, 
was born in Butler county, Ohio, in 1S22. He 
received a common education and became a 
farmer. At an early day he went to Franklin 
county, Ind. , with his parents, and married 
Julia A., daughter of John and Deborah 
(Stamsbury) Hancock. Mr. Cleaver passed 
all the remainder of his days in Franklin coun- 
ty, Ind. , where he became a substantial farmer, 
owning a good farm, upon which his widow 
is still residing. He and wife were the 
parents of seven children — John, died an in- 
fant, George, Emma, Lloyd, Fred, Ella, died 
an infant, and Clement. Mr. Cleaver was 
killed by the falling of a tree while chopping 
in the woods. He was a very hard-working 


pioneer — one of those men who assisted in ' 
subduing the wilderness, improving the coun- j 
try and making possible the comfortable homes ! 
of to-day. He was always a democrat and ! 
a man of character and integrity. • 

Lloyd Cleaver was born in Franklin county, j 
Ind., on a farm, July 20, 1S54. He gained a 
good common school education, and being an 
excellent scholar, he could have received a 
certificate as a teacher if he had wished, but ; 
having been reared to the pursuit of agricul- [ 
ture, he became a farmer and married, February 
19,1877, Mary, daughter of Joseph and Caroline ' 
(Carson) Clarkson. Mr. Clarkson was a ven,- ! 
early settler in Franklin county. Ind., coming t 
with an ox-team and huge wagon from the state I 
of Maine. Mr. Clarkson became a prominent j 
and well-to-do farmer and died about twenty 
years since. He was a typical American pioneer, 
much respected by the early settlers as a man 
of sterling worth. After marriage, Mr. Cleaver 
remained four years in Franklin county, Ind.. 
and in February, 1881, he came to Boone 
county, and settled on eighty acres of land on 
the west line of Center township, which was 
then covered with heavy timber. With ener- 
getic and hard labor he cut down the trees of 
the virgin forest, cleared up his fields and made 
a good farm, and by thrift and good manage- 
ment he bought more land, until he now owns 
120 acres and has as fine a farm, in as good a 
state of cultivation, as any in Boone county, 
having put in over 1,700 rods of tile ditching. 
In 1892 he built a substantial and fine resi- 
dence. Mr. Cleaver is a progressive citizen, 
is a believer in good schools and is educating 
his children, of whom he and wife have four 
now living — Alfred V., Nellie, Lora and Edgar 
E. Like his fathers before him, our subject 
believes in the principles of Jackson and Jeffer- 
son .and is strongly democratic. He comes 
from sterling Revolutionary stock on both 
sides — than which there is no better — and his 

children may well take an honest pride in the 
sturdy ancestry from which they spring. Mr. 
Cleaver is an energetic, practical, level-headed 
man, who, in coming to Boone county, has 
overcome great obstacles to secure his home 
and become a responsible citizen. 

a APT. THOMAS A. COBB.— There is 
no better known citizen in Boone 
. county than Capt. Cobb. He is not 
only a veteran soldier of the Civil 
war but is one of the early educators of the 
county and one of the largest farmers. He 
has been very active politically, and wields no 
small influence in the populist party, of which 
he is one of the leading spirits. It will not be 
amiss to give a concise account of the geneal- 
ogy of his family as far as it is known. 
William Cobb, the founder of the family in 
America, came from London, England, about 
the beginning of the present century, as a 
young, single man. He was well educated 
and a ship carpenter by trade. He settled in 
Gettysburg, Adams county. Pa., and was one 
of the early educators of that county. He 
married Catherine Strausbaugh, of good 
Pennsylvania-Dutch stock. To them were 
born— John, William, Mary A., Abraham and 
one who died young. Abraham was a soldier 
in an Indiana regiment of volunteer infantry, 
and served one year, ^^'^illiam Cobb moved 
as a poineer to Harrison county, Ohio, about 
1 8 16, where he continued his vocation as a 
school teacher and resided until his death, 
which occurred at the venerable age of eighty 
years. He was a member of the Methodist 
church and is remembered as a man of just 
character and broad mind. William Cobb, 
his son and the father of Thomas A. , was born 
at Gettysburg, Pa., February 6th, 1809, and 
went with his father to Harrison county, Ohio, 
when about seven years of age, received a 




good common education, learned the carpen- 
ter trade and became a farmer. He married, 
in Harrison county, Ohio, when about 
twenty-seven years of age, Mary, daughter 
of Thomas and Nancy (Sheplar) Cope- 
land, and to therii were born the follow- 
ing children— Thomas A., William F. , Jacob 
S. , Nancy, James, John, Christina C, Henry, 
Mary L. and Dorothy, all born in Harri- 
son county, Ohio, except the last two, 
who were born in this courUy. 

Mr. Cobb bought land in Harrison county, 
and resided there until 1 8 54, when he came to 
Boone county, and settled in Marion township 
on 240 acres of land in section 20. This land 
was covered by very heavy timber, and Mr. 
Cobb, by great labor, assisted by his sons, 
cleared up his land and became a substantial 
farmer. He and wife were members of the 
Methodist church and he filled all the offices 
of his church, in which he was a prominent 
man. His house was the home of the itiner- 
ent Methodist preachers in the early days. 
His judgment was respected, and he was jus- 
tice of the peace in his township many years, 
being universally known as Squire Cobb. He 
was almost a life-long justice. Mr. Cobb was 
one of the typical American pioneers of ster- 
ling virtues. Self made by his own thrift, he 
accumulated his property and wa^ held in high 
esteem for his honorable character. He died 
October i, 1877, aged sixty-eight years. He 
was one of the early friends of the free school 
in his township. He was a promoter of tem- 
perance and good morals, and a liberal support- 
er of his church, and assisted to build the 
first Methodist church in Marion township. 
Previous to this the meetings were held at his 
house, which, when he first came to the town- 
ship, was a log cabin. One of his sons,. 
Henry, resides on the old homestead, and oc- 
cupies the residence, which was the second 
house built by his father. Mr. Cobb was a 

war democrat of stanch fidelity to the Union 
cause, for which three of his sons fought as 
soldiers — Capt. Thomas A. ; William F. was 
in company A, Tenth regiment Indiana volun- 
teer infantry, as a fifer, and was in many bat- 
tles. Jacob S. was in same company as a 
drummer. They were transferred to the regi- 
mental staff as chief musicians. 

Capt. Thomas A. Cobb was born in Harri- 
son count}', Ohio, on his father's farm, January 
21, 1837, received a good common education 
in Ohio and afterward attended the Thorn- 
town academy and Duff's Mercantile college 
at Pittsburg, Pa. He was seventeen years of 
age when he came to Boone county, Ind. , 
with his father, and greatly assisted him to 
clear up his farm and was early inured to hard 
work. He enlisted, at the age of twenty-four 
years, in company A, Tenth regiment, Indiana 
volunteer infantry, at Lebanon, August 8, 
1 86 1, and was elected first lieutenant of his 
company, and commissioned by Gov. Morton. 
He served three years and one month and was 
honorably discharged at Indianapolis, Ind., 
September 19, 1864. The battles in which he 
fought were Mills Spring, Pittsburg Landing, 
Corinth, Chickamauga (two days), Missionary 
Ridge, Buzzard's Roost, Resaca, Kenesaw 
Mountain and in front of Atlanta. During the 
battle of Stone River^ his regiment was 
detached from the Fourteenth army corps, to 
attack Morgan, and encountered him at Rolling 
Fork, Ky. Lieut. Cobb was on recruiting 
service for two months in 1S62, and was com- 
missioned captain of his company. After the 
war he resumed farming and married Julia A., 
daughter of Gotleib and Amelia (Zumphe) 
Wilharm. Mr. Wilharm came from Germany 
and married in Hancock county. His wife 
came from Germany in 1S35, with friends, 
leaving her parents in Germany. Mr. Wilharm 
came to Boone county in 1845 and bought a 
farm in Marion township. He was the father 


of two children — Augustus and Julia A. Augus- 
tus was in the Eighty-sixth regiment, Indiana 
volunteer infantry, and was in the battle of 
Stone River. He died in the service. Mr. 
Wilharm, like most Germans, was a stanch 
republican. He lived to be about seventy- 
seven years of ag^.. He was a good citi2en 
and prosperous farmer. 

Capt. Cobb has an enviable record as a 
leading educator of Boone county. He began 
teaching in Marion township in 1857. In 1859 
he went to Missouri, where he taught school, 
and returned to Marion township, and contin- 
ued to teach until his enlistment. After the 
war, he taught winters for si.x years in his 
home district. In the spring of 1865 he settled { 
on his present farm, which then consisted of [ 
120 acres, forty acres of which he had pre- | 
viously bought with his savings as a teacher, 
and gradually added to his land until now he 
owns 400 acres, one of the finest farm proper- 
ties in Boone county. Capt. Cobb has made 
his improvements from the woods, but little 
being cleared on the farm when he bought it. 
He set out the orchards, erected the buildings ; 
and carefully drained the land. He is now in , 
very prosperous circumstances. I 

Politically, he was a war or Douglas demo- 1 
crat, but voted for Greeley in 1872, and after- 
ward for Peter Cooper. He then voted for 
Benjamin Harrison and is now a populist. He 
takes an active interest in politics and has 
been prominently mentioned for state senator 
and other important offices. He is a member 
of the G. A. R., Rich Mountain post, Leb- 
anon. Fraternally he is a K. of P., Lebanon 
lodge. The union of Captain and Mrs. Cobb 
has been blessed with si.x children: Addie A. 
and Eva A. (twins), Emma B., George M., 
Thomas A. and Julia L., all living. They all 
received good educations. Addie A. and George 
attended the academy at Westfield, Ind. Addie 
married Samuel R. Artman, a leading lawyer 

of Lebanon; Emma B. married Frank Staton, 
a farmer of Marion township; George M., in 
the insurance business at Muncie, married 
Maggie Sanders. As a soldier, Capt. Cobb 
did his duty effectively and cheerfully and was 
in all the battles and skirmishes of his regi- 
ment, except Perryville, when he Cvas home 
on recruiting service. His name is a synonym 
of integrity wherever he is known. He is very 
public-spirited, and has always been in favor of 
good schools, and roads, and all public im- 
provements. Mrs. Cobb died August 24, 1S93, 
of typhoid fever, and was buried in Mount's 
Run church cemetery, and was followed to her 
last resting place by a large concourse of sot- 
rowing friends. Mr. Cobb was one of the 
originators of the present agricultural society 
and assisted in its organization, and has been 
all the time since an official in some capacity, 
and mostly general superintendent, and the 
organization owes much of its present prosper- 
ity to his careful and efficient management. 


ARTIN W. COLE.— The father of 
the subject of this sketch was 
Thomas Cole, who was born in the 
state of Pennsylvania in 1S06, of 
German parentage. He married Delilah 
Brandenberg, to which union were born nine 
children, namely — Madison, Benjamin, Martin, 
Thomas J., Mary A., Emmeline, Stephen, 
Sarah B., and William |. Thomas Cole 
served in the Civil war for three years as a 
lieutenant of a Missouri regiment. He had 
previously moved to that state, and the follow- 
ing incident is related of him: During the 
troublous times of the war he was called upon 
one night by two Confederate officers, whose 
purpose it was to effect his capture. One of 
them knocked at the door and asked for a 
drink of water, which Mr. Cole at once pro- 
cured for him, and, opening the door, reached 



forth the cup. After the officer had drank the 
contents he stated that more water was desired 
by his comrade, whereupon Mr. Cole replen- 
ished the cup but told tne man to remain out- 
side and he should have the water. This the 
Confederate refused to do, and forcibly pushing 
his wa}' into the room, was met by Mr. Cole, 
who fired a revolver, killing the man instantly. 
The officer fled, and although fired at several 
times succeeded in making good his escape. 

Thomas Cole accumulated quite a hand- 
some property, but of a generous nature 
he secured a relative, through whose failure he 
lost nearly all his earthly possessions. He 
died in the year iS66. His wife, Mrs. Delilah 
Cole, was born in 1809. She was a member 
of the United Brethren church, a most esti- 
mable lady in every respect, and died in 1S77 
at the age of sixty-eight years. The father of 
Thomas Cole was Benjamin Cole, of whose 
family history but little is now known. He 
served in the war of 1812, entered 160 acres 
of land in Switzerland county, Ind.. and died 
a number of years ago with the cholera. His 
wife, whose maiden name was Annie Reese, 
was the mother of nine children, whose names 
are as follows: Thomas, Martin, James. Perry, 
Mrs. Mary A. Monroe, Cynthia, wife of Chris- 
topher Pealman; Jane, wife of Joseph Marsh; 
Jackson, and Caroline, wife of Charles Molley. 

Martin W. Cole, the leading facts of whose 
history are herewith presented, was born 
January 25, 1836. on a farm in Clinton county, 
Ohio. He was brought to Switzerland coun- 
ty, Ind., at the age of si.x }-ears, was reared to 
agricultural pursuits, and on the sixth of Sep- 
tember, 1855, was united in marriage to Lydia 
Jane Farrow. The fruit of this union was 
nine children, the following being their names 
and dates of birth : Gazelle, June 11, 1S56; 
Norval A,, November 27, 1857; Fletcher, 
January 15, 1S60; Mary B., December 28, 
1S62; Franklin P., May 28, 1S66; EstellaM., 

January 6, 1869; Augustus L., February 24, 
1 871; Carlendus E., August 13, 1873; Otter- 
bin, January 31, 1875; Laura, January 20, 
1880; and Lulu, December 20, 1881. Mrs. 
Cole was born September 7, 183S. Her par- 
ents were Benjamin and Susan Hunter Far- 
row, the father originally a ship carpenter by 
trade and later a farmer. He was an English- 
man by birth and died May 30, 1892; Mrs. 
Farrow died in 1862. 

Mr. Cole came of an ancestry of soldiers. 
At the breaking out of the late war he left 
home and family to do battle for the cause of 
the Union, enlisting September 20, 1862, in the 
Third Indiana cavalry. He was in the cam- 
paign from Knoxville and Chattanooga to At- 
lanta under Gen. Kilpatrick, participated in a 
number of battles, and at one time was severe- 
ly injured by the kick of a horse, for which he 
is now receiving a liberal pension. He was 
one of a hundred men that cut the railroad 
near Jonesboro, and during his long period of 
service spent but three days in the hospital. 
From Marietta hospital he rejoined his com- 
mand at Nashville, and after participating in a 
bloody battle at that place was sent to Savan- 
nah via New York, where he remained with the 
regiment until the close of the war. Since 
the war Mr. Cole has been actively engaged in 
agricultural pursuits and now owns a comfort- 
able little home in Clinton township. He is a 
reputable citizen, votes the republican ticket 
and fraternally belongs to Elizaville post. No. 
561, G. A. R., in which he has served two 
terms as commander. 

>Y*OHN M. CONYERS.— The scenes and 
m incidents of a soldier's life in the great 
n J rebellion are fast fading away from the 
memories of the old veterans, with the 
lapse of years, and some of them can hardly 
give the names of the battles in which they 



fought. Not so with John M. Conyers, the 
subject of this sketch. He was not out of his 
teens when he enlisted and the events of his 
soldier hfe are indehbly imprinted upon his 
mind, and he gives names, dates, and facts 
with accuracy. His comrades say: "John 
Conyers was a good soldier," and it is proba- 
ble that he inherited his soldierly qualities from 
old Samuel Conyers, his grandfather, who 
fought for American independence in 1776. 
John R. Conyers, son of Samuel and the father 
of our subject, was born in 1814, married, in 
Ohio, Mary L., daughter of Nicholas Bennett, 
of Warren county, Ohio. Mr. Conyers was a 
carriage maker by trade and worked in War- 
ren and Butler counties, Ohio, in his younger 
days. In 1846 he came to Indiana and settled 
in Brookville, Franklin county, and afterward 
moved to Mount Carmel. In 1859 he came to 
Boone county and settled near Mechanicsburg, 
where he bought land and thriftily increased it 
until he now owns a farm of 167 acres. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Conyers were born seven chil- 
dren, who lived to grow to man and woman- 
hood — Catherine, Emily E., John M., Will- 
iam H., Charles E., Luella B. and Ora A. 
Mr. Conyers was a strict republican, a patriot, 
and intensely loyal to the Union, and three of 
his sons served as soldiers to put down the re- 
bellion — viz : John M. ; William H. was a pri- 
vate in company H, Eleventh regiment, Indi- 
ana volunteer cavalry or One Hundred and 
Twenty-sixth Indiana volunteer infantry, as it 
was first an infantry regiment and afterward 
mounted. He served from December, 1863, 
to July 25th, 1865. Among his battles were 
Nashville and Franklin, Tenn. Charles E. 
was a private in company E, Eleventh regi- 
ment Indiana volunteer infantry, and served 
from February 17th, 1865, until mustered out 
July 26th, 1865. Mr. Conyers, the father of 
these soldiers, is a man of liberal views and a 
Universalist. Fraternally he is a Mason and 

member of the Magnolia lodge at Lebanon. 
He has now reached the venerable age of eighty 
years and is well preserved. He earned 
•most of his property at the trade of carriage 
making, in which he was a very industrious and 
successful workman. Some of the carriages and 
wagons, made by him at an early day, are still 
in use. His farm is located in Clinton town- 
ship and is well improved. He is well known 
for his probity of character. 

John M. Conyers was born September 18, 
1842, at Rossville, now West Hamilton, But- 
ler county, Ohio. He was a small boy when 
his parents brought him to Indiana, and he 
gained a common-school education. At the 
early age of nineteen years, he enlisted at 
Thorntown, Boone county, Ind., on July 23, 
1 86 1, in company G, Eleventh Indiana volun- 
teer infantrj', a Zouave regiment, under Col. 
Lew Wallace, Capt. John F. Cavin. Although 
he enlisted in Boone county, he was credited 
to Montgomery county, Ind. He served three 
years, one month, and re-enlisted as a veteran 
in the same organization at Lebanon, Ind., on 
March I, 1863, and served until July 26, 1865, 
when he was honorably discharged on account 
of the closing of the war, at Baltimore, Md., 
having served throughout the war. He was 
in the battles of Fort Heiman. Tenn., Febru- 
ary 6, 1862; Fort Henry, February 6, 1862; 
Fort Donelson; Shiloh, April 6-7-1862; siege 
of Corinth, Miss., April 30-May 30, 1872; 
Port Gibson, Miss., May, 1S63; Champion 
Hills, Miss,, May 16, 1863; siege of Vicks- 
burg. May 21-July 4, 1863; Jackson, Miss., 
July 10-17, 1863; Lake Tasse, La., Novem- 
ber 20, 1863; Halltown, Va., August 22,1864. 
Mr. Conyers was in eleven general engage- 
ments and many skirmishes. He was also 
in many hard marches, marching with his 
regiment 9,318 miles. He was neither 
sick in hospital, nor a prisoner, and was not 
wounded during his service. He was always 



at the place of duty and in all the battles, re- 
corded, as a faithful soldier. He was greatly" 
injured by exposure, the hearing of his right 
ear being totally destroyed by an insect which 
entered the ear and pierced the drum. He 
also suffered stricture of the glottis caused by 
over-heat, occasioned by a hard march on 
Winchester pike in the Shenandoah valley, 
during which Mr. (Zonyers became much fa- 
tigued and fell to the rear. During the night 
he narrowly escaped capture by the rebel cav- 
alry, which passed him twice during the night. 
When his soldier days were over, Mr. 
Conyers returned to Boone county and was 
united in marriage to Mary S., daughter of 
James and Nancy (Hedrick) Frazier, and the 
household of Mr. and Mrs. Conyers was glad- 
dened by the birth of four children — Minnie R. , 
Lennie L,, Bertha H., and Perry M. After 
marriage, Mr. Conyers settled on his father's 
farm in Clinton township, where he remained 
two jears, meanwhile learnitig the blacksmith's 
trade at Thorntown under Robert Coleman — 
a veteran of the Me.xican war, and first lieu- 
tenant in the Civil war. Mr. Conyers worked 
at his trade eight years in Thorntown and one 
year in the country. He injured his right leg 
while shoeing a horse, causing its amputation 
near the thigh. He afterward lost the sight of 
his right eye by an accident, a piece of red 
hot steel striking him in that organ. He has 
since followed various kinds of business. He 
was post-master at Reese's Mills, Boone coun- 
ty, one year, 1873-4, 3-nd then clerk in the 
"Grange" store at Lebanon. In 1 885 he be- 
came a pension attorney at Lebanon, arid has 
since been very successful in securing pen- 
sions. During all this time he has been more 
or less engaged in the gunsmith business, and 
now carries a line of guns and sporting goods 
and is well known throughout the county in 
this line. He owns a small fruit farm of six- 
teen acres adjoining the corporation of Leb- 

anon, on which he resides, beside which he 
owns valuable real estate in Lebanon. Polit- 
ically he votes as he shot, and has always 
been a stanch republican. He and wife are 
both members of the Christian church. Mr. 
Conyers was one of the early members of the 
G. A. R., Rich Mountain post, at Lebanon. 
Fraternally he is a member of the I. O. R. M., 
Winnebago tribe, Lebanon, and has been 
chief of records many years and has passed all 
the chairs. He is a member of the Knights of 
Honor, and has filled all the offices. Mr. 
Conyers is a valued citizen of Lebanon, his 
integrity of character is granted by all, and he 
was treasurer of Lebanon six years-i 882-88. 

SI LEY COLGROVE, deceased, was 
one of the esteemed poineer farmers 
of Boone county and sprang from an 
honored old English ancestry, the 
family having come to America as early as 
1 690. A part of his genealogical record is lost, 
but sufficient is known to trace the family 
back to his grandfather, William Colgrove. 
Francis Colgrove, son of William and father 
of Riley, was born in the state of New York, 
married Elizabeth Hager February 14, 181 1, 
and became the father of nine children, namely: 
John, Nancy, Jane, Permelia, Francis, Charles, 
Charity, Riley and Melissa, all of whom, with 
the exception of Charles, who died when twelve 
years old, lived to become heads of families, 
but all are now dead except Charity. Francis 
Colgrove settled in Kentucky in his early mar- 
ried life and for some years followed farming. 
He early moved to southern Indiana, thence 
to Clinton county in 1835, where he died April 
of the following year. Elizabeth (Hager) Col- 
grove was descended paternally from Dutch 
ancestors. Her grandfather settled at Hagers- 
town, Md., in a very early day, and there 
leased a large tract of land, a part of which is 


now occupied by the site of that city. This 
lease was for a term of ninety-nine years and 
was written in German, but the record disap- 
peared many years ago and was never re- 
covered. The relatives of Elizabeth Col- 
grove settled in New York and the name is 
still to be met with in various parts of the 
state. John Colgrove, eldest brother of Riley, 
enlisted at Paducah, Ky. , in 1835, to engage 
in the war between Texas and Mexico. He 
took part in the bloody battle of Alamo and, 
with the rest of the ill-fated garrison, fell a 
victim to Mexican hatred. James Colgrove 
was born in 18 14 in New York, moved to Indi- 
ana in i860 and was elected sheriff of Tippe- 
canoe county, but died before the expiration of 
his second term. Francis Colgrove was a carpen- 
ter and farmer and died in Missouri, January, 
1893. Nancy Colgrove married James P. 
Wilson, a farmer and carpenter and died at 
La Fayette, Ind., leaving two children, Jane 
and Ann. Charles Warner,^ president of the 
La Fayette Savings' bank, married Jane \\'il3on 
who, though blessed with property and posi- 
tion, is totally blind and lives in perpetual 
night. Ann Wilson is the wife of Albert 
Campbell, a prominent hardware dealer of the 
city of La Fayette. 

Riley Colgrove was born December 17, 
1826, in Kentucky. He emigrated to southern 
Indiana about 1828, and there remained until 
the fall of 1835, when he moved to Clinton 
county. He resided in the county of Clinton 
until 1846, in June of which year he enlisted 
for the Mexican war. There being no company 
from Clinton county, Mr. Colgrove went from 
Carroll county in company C, First regiment, 
Indiana volunteers, under Capt. Robert H. 
Milroy Mr. Colgrove was mustered out of the 
service in the city of New Orleans June, 1S47. 
He joined the I. O. O. F. of La Fayette, Ind., 
about 1852, and filled all the chairs of both 
the subordinate lodge and encampment. Mr. 

Colgrove began business as a cooper, which 
trade he followed until his election as sheriff of 
Boone county in 1758. He was re-elected to 
the same position in i860, and after filling the 
ofhce with honor to himself and satisfaction to 
the public, he retired to private life on a farm 
in Clinton township. ' Mr. Colgrove was a man 
highly respected as a citizen and was pointed 
to with pride by his neighbors and friends as 
an example of industry and integrity. Lucinda 
Newport, the wife of Riley Colgrove, was born 
in Warren county, Ohio, December 8, 1830, 
and on the seventeenth of June, 1850, was 
married to Riley Colgrove at La Fayette, Ind. 
This marriage was blessed with six children, 
whose names and dates of birth are as follows: 
Asbury W., December i, 1S50; Charles B., 
June 26, 1852; William A., January 20, 1854; 
Albert F., July I, 1S56; Frank N., May 15, 
1859; Carrie, May 2. 1S64. The death of 
Riley Colgrove took place August 19, 1894. 

HOMAS J. COOK, a leading_ farmer 
and stock dealer of Harrison town- 
ship, Boone county, Ind., was born 
in Kentucky, May 11, 1843, ^nd is of 
German descent, his great-grandfather having 
come from the country indicated and having 
settled in Virginia in an early period of the 
history of that state. George Cook, grand- 
father of Thomas J., was born in Virginia; 
when quite young settled in Boyle county, Ky., 
and there married Jemima Wilhite, the father 
of whom was born in 1777, and the mother 
April 25, 1779. George Cook was a pillar of 
the Baptist church, of which his wife was also 
a devout member, and in that faith both died 
— he. January 31, 1865, and she November 13. 
1863 — the parents of the following-named 
children: Meliva, Julia. Sallie, Betsey, Nancy, 
Strother, Allen, Jefferson and Joseph. Jeffer- 
son Cook, son of George and father of Thomas 



J., was born in Boyle county, Ky. , August i, 
1812, and grew to nmnhood on his father's 
farm. January 8, 1834, he married Malinda 
Myres, who bore children in the following 
order: David, William, George, Maria, Thomas 
J., Mary and Malinda. 

Thomas J. Cook, until seventeen years of 
age, lived with his uncles, Strother and Allen, 
on the farm in Kentucky, and then came to 
Johnson county, Ind., and here enhsted in the 
Union[]army, August 8, 1862. He was first 
sent to Bowljng Green, Ky., where he was 
placed on guard duty, and was there when 
Buell and Bragg made their noted race for 
Louisville; while at Bowling Green, 500 men, 
Mr. Cook included, were detailed under Gen. 
Harrison to capture a number of the enemy at 
a point twenty-five miles away, and succeeded, 
by a surprise movement, in taking the most of 
them, together with a number of guns; Mr. 
Cook was ne.xt sent to Gallatin, Tenn., and then 
to Pilot Knob for winter quarters; when spring 
opened thej- were sent to Nashville, where 
they fell in with Gen. Sherman and with his 
army marched south. Gen. Jo. Hooker was 
placed in command of the corps to which Mr. 
Cook was attached; the first engagement was 
at Resaca. where they were called into line 
late in the evening, and where, after some 
desperate fighting, they were badly cut up by 
the enemy; they then fell back of a hill and 
lay on their arms all night, and ne.xt morning, 
being relieved, were ordered to fall back a 
mile. The commanders were now Hooker, 
commander-in-chief; Ward, division com- 
mander, and Ben. Harrison, brigadier. Here 
Gen. Harrison addressed the men to the effect 
that there were strong breastworks and heavy 
guns in front; follow the guides; and, dis- 
mounting, Harrison joined the men, dashed 
from the cover of the hill, and, getting; in view 
of the enemy, the men all yelled, made a 
charge and had almost reached the works. 

when the line broke, fell back in disorder, 
and lost over 300 men from Mr. Cook's 
regiment. Harrison again addressed the men, 
and told them they could take the works and 
must do so, or he would not stay with them. 
The next charge was a success, Mr. Cook's 
brigade capturing eight big guns and a few 
men; but in this battle Mr. Cook's company 
lost thirty-five men— or more than it lost dur- 
ing the remainder of the war. The next day 
they buried their dead and cared for the 
wounded, and for the next four or five months 
were in daily pursuit of the rebel, Johnston, al- 
most every hour being under a heavy can- 
nonade or a galling fire of musketry— at 
Hickory Ridge skirmish and Peach Tree Creek 
cannonade, and elsewhere. At Peach Tree 
Creek, Harrison was commander of the divis- 
ion. He crossed the creek, with his skirmish 
line out a half mile ahead, stacked arms, rest- 
ed a few minutes, and commenced to make a 
fire for coffee, but in five minutes his shirmish 
line was driven back. The order was im- 
mediately given to fall in, and all obeyed and 
were ordered forward; Harrison's aim was to 
come to close quarters, but the rebels com- 
menced firing and the Union men were quick 
to respond, and in the charge upon the breast- 
works Mr. Cook's company lost but two men. 
In the campaign to Atlanta, the Federals were 
under fire for two months, nearing the city 
day by day, and finally driving out the Con- 
federates. The division was also at the 
Chattahoochee river, where for a time it was 
held in reserve, and then a division made, Mr. 
Cook's regiment marching direct to Savannah, 
Ga. , which city it reached December 25, 1S64. 
The Federals lived off the country through 
which they passed, the Kentucky and Tennes- 
see troops doing most of the devastation. 
After leaving Savannah, the Federals skirmish- 
ed northward through Georgia and North 
Carolina until Goldsboro and Raleigh were 


reached and Johnston finally captured. After- 
ward came the march through Richmond to 
Washington, Ben. Harrison being with the 
boys all the time. 

The marriage of Mr. Cook took place 
August 23, 1866, to Miss Fanny Potinger, who 
was born in Montgomery county, Ind. , Septem- 
ber 16, 1 848, a daughter of Harvey and Sidney 
(Hand) Potinger, of Johnson county. Mr. 
Cook settled in Boone county in October, 1866, 
on a farm of ninety-four acres in the wilder- 
ness, but this he has transformed into a beau- 
tiful and fertile farm of 200 acres, and it is 
still his place of residence. It is improved 
with every modern convenience, including a 
model dwelling and tasty farm buildings. He 
is one of the most progressive and scientific 
farmers in Boone county. Mrs. Cook's grand- 
father, Robert Potinger, was of German descent 
but was early a settler of Ohio, where he mar- 
ried and was a useful and highly respected 
citizen, owning a large and highly improved 
farm. He was a patriot in the war of 1812, 
and he and wife died devout members of the 
Christian church. Mr. Cook is a republican, 
is a member of the Rich Mountain post, G. A. 
R., of Lebanon; his wife is a member of the 
Christian church, which they both liberally aid 
with their means, and not only aid this, but 
all other truly charitable causes. Three chil- 
dren have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Cook, 
viz: Ora, Gertrude and Natalie G. 

the proprietor who owns the soil 
considers himself an aristocrat, and 
the people universally respect his 
assumptions; he is allowed certain hereditary 
privileges, and among the least of his titles is 
that of "Squire." The American farmer is 
nature's aristocrat; not that he has inherited 
privileges, but because he and his ancestors 

cleared up the virgin American forests and 
possess them by inalienable rights, and as 
honest tillers of the soil. Such a man is Moses 
Copeland, who is one of the prominent farmers 
of Center township, Boone county, Ind.. and 
the father of a respected family. Samuel 
Copeland, the grandfather of our subject, was 
one of the original pioneers of Kentucky con- 
temporaneous with Daniel Boone, when the 
state was overrun with Indians. He reared a 
large family of children, as follows: William, 
Thomas, James, John, Milton, Sallie. \\'esle}-, 
Rachael and Polly. Mr. Copeland was a slave 
owner, and, for his day, a wealthy man. He 
moved to Indiana in 1S11-12, and settled in 
Shelby township, Jefferson county, near Ca- 
naan. The county was an entire wilderness, 
and he entered a large tract of land, from 
which he gave his children 1,200 acres, the 
six sons receiving 160 acres each, and the three 
daughters eighty acres each, 160 
acres as a home for himself in his old age. He 
brought four young slaves from Kentucky and 
set them free when they were twenty-one 
years old. He was a typical pioneer, much 
respected by all who knew him, and lived to 
be between seventy and eighty years of age. 
In political opinions he was a republican, and 
in religious convictions he was a Methodist. 
His son Thomas was the father of our subject, 
born in Kentucky on his father's farm in 1795, 
and was twenty-two years of age when he 
came, to Indiana, after his father had been 
settled in this state for some years. He was 
a blacksmith by trade, and had worked at the 
mouth of the Elkhorn river in Kentucky. He 
married in Jefferson county, Ind.. Sallie, 
daughter of Moses and Elizabeth Hopper. He 
worked at his trade in Jefferson county for 
fifteen years, when his health failed him and he 
lingered eleven years with the consumption and 
died on his farm in Jefferson county, at the 
age of fifty-two years. He and his wife were 


members of the "Indian Kentucky" Baptist 
church of Jefferson couYity, Ind., on a creek 
bearing that name, and he was deacon many 
years. In political opinions he was an old- 
line whig. To Mr. and Mrs. Copeland were 
born four children: John, Moses, Small wood 
and Eliza. Mr. Copeland was a very hard- 
working, industrious man, possessing sterling 
traits of character, one of which was truth, 
and his word was as good as his bond. 

Moses Copeland. son of above and subject 
of this sketch, .was born January lo, 1S22, on 
his father's farm in Jefferson county, Ind. 
He received the common education of the old 
pioneer log school-house and taught school 
two terms. He became a farmer and married 
at the age of twenty-one years, April 25, 1843, 
Mary E., daughter of Jacob and Martha 
(Singer) Riser, of Ripley county, Ind. Mr. 
Riser was from Rentucky and of German de- 
scent, Frederick Riser, the grandfather of Mrs 
Copeland, having come from Germany and 
settled in Rentuck_\'. Jacob Riser reared 
seven children : William, Frederick, Henry 
C. , Elizabeth A., John W., and Mary E. He 
moved to Indiana and entered land, but owing 
to the bad roads, settled within thirteen miles 
of the Ohio river, in Ripley county, Ind., in 
1823, where he died on his farm, at si.\ty 
years of age. He was also a blacksmith, and 
a captain in the old state militia. He voted 
the old line whig ticket, and was a member of 
the Baptist church, to which faith his wife and 
nearly all his children adhered. 

After marriage Mr. Copeland settled in 
Ripley county, Ind., in 1S43, residing eighteen 
years, and in 1861, moved, with his family, 
to Boone county, Ind., and settled on his pres-' 
ent farm, then consisting of eighty acres of 
land. By thrift and industry he has added to 
this farm until he now owns 2S0 acres of fine 
land. He has given his sons eighty acres 
2ach, his daughters one thousand dollars each, 

and retains a good home of eighty acres, upon 
which he has made good improvements. 
When Mr. Copeland came to this farm is was 
covered with heavy timber, and it was by hard 
and continuous labor that he cleared it, im- 
proved it with ditches and made it the fine 
and fertile farm it became. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Copeland were born the following children : 
Sarah M., who died a married woman; Eliza 
I., who died an infant; Taylor S. ; Mary J. 
and Louis W. Mr. Copeland has been a dea- 
con in the Baptist church for more than thirty 
years and his wife is a member of the same 
church. In political opinions he is a republi- 
can. He has given all his children good edu- 
cations, two of whom are school-teachers. 
Fraternally Mr. Copeland is a member of 
Boone lodge, No. 9, F. & -A.. M., Lebanon, 
and has held the office of deacon. Mr. Cope- 
land is one of the self-made men of Boone 
county, having accumulated his property by 
his own industry and without assistance. He 
has always stood high for his integrity of 
character. Mr. and Mrs. Copeland have 
brought up Maud P., the daughter of their 
youngest son, and are giving her a good edu- 
cation. Mr. Copeland and wife have been 
married fifty-one years. 

HS.\ COX, who was born in Jefferson 
county, Ind., January 12, 1824, is a 
son of Er. and Elizabeth (Lame) Co.\, 
natives of New Jersey and of German 
descent. The family came to Boone county, 
Ind.. in 1S29, about thirteen years after the 
state was admitted to the Union, and when the 
county was a wilderness. Here Mr. Co.\ 
hewed out a farm and successfully followed his 
vocation until his death in 1S55, his wife hav- 
ing preceded him to an early grave some years. 
The)' were the parents of eleven children, and 
of these Asa was brought up to the useful call- 



ing which had been followed by his father, and 
was reared under hi§ careful training. Asa has 
never married. His farm is productive, and 
Mr. Co.x is a model citizen as well as a model 
farmer, his work in the latter capacity being 
une.xcelled by any other farmer in the town- 
ship. In politics Mr. Cox is a democrat. 


'ILLIAM G. CORY, an intelligent 
and highly respected farmer of 
Jefferson township, Boone county, 
Ind., was born in Clarke county, 
Ohio, May 20, 1832, and is a son of Nathan and 
Mary (Smith) Cory, natives of Ohio and New 
Jersey respectively, and of English descent. 
The pedigree extends so far back in Albion's isle 
that, in order to give the reader an idea of its 
antiquity, the writer must resort to the simple 
but strong, terse, language of the Scriptures: 
WiUiam Cory was born in England about the 
year 1400; William begat Thomas; Thomas 
begat Robert; Robert begat John; John begat 
Thomas, who was born July 3, I 5 10; Thomas 
begat John, who came from England to .Amer- 
ica in 1600; John begat Elnathan; Elnathan 
begat Jeremiah, who was born in New Jersey; 
Jeremiah begat Noah; Noah begat Nathan; 
Nathan begat William G., the gentleman 
whose name opens this sketch. Mr. and Mrs. 
Nathan Cory came to Boone county, Ind., in 
1851, and here Mrs. Cory died in March, 1879; 
Mr. Cory still survives and has his residence at 
the home of William G. Of the four children 
born to Nathan and wife two only are living — 
Noah and William G. 

William G. Cory received an excellent 
training as a farmer and materially assisted on 
the home farm until his marriage, January 9, 
1855, to Miss Margaret E. Stephenson, to 
which happy union have been born four chil- 
dren, viz: James S., Mary L., wife of William 
A. Peterson; Iva R., wife of Benjamin F. 

Moore, and Walter M. Some ten years after 
his marriage Mr. Cory responded to his 
country's call and enlisted, in March, 1865, in 
company B, Capt. Hebb, One Hundred and 
Fifty-fourth regiment, Indiana volunteer in- 
fantry. He served faithfully and valiantly in 
all the marches, skirmishes and engagements 
in which his company participated, until his 
honorable discharge, Augusts, 1S65. In pol- 
itics he is a republican, and has served his 
fellow-citizens as assessor of his township for a 
year, deeming it to be a part of his duty as a 
citizen so serve in public office when called 
upon to do so, and not for the sake of the 
meager compensation the office affords. He 
is a member of the G. A. R., his post number 
being 184. With his wife he is a member of 
the Presbyterian church, and as a church 
member, a citizen and kindly neighbor, has 
won the respect of all who knew him. 

^— ^ EBULOX COX.— Among the exten- 
J'T'C sive farmers and stock raisers of Boone 
jf^ 2i county who do honor to the noble 
calling of agriculture is the gentleman 
whose name appears at the head of this notice. 
Zebulon Cox is a native Indianian, born in the 
county of Bartholomew on the eleventh day of 
July, 1825, the son of William and Elizabeth 
(Erganbright) Cox, natives respectively of 
Kentucky and \'irginia. William Cox was left 
an orphan at the early age of seven years, and 
until his eighteenth year made his home with 
an uncle, Martin McCray, in Ohio, growing to 
manhood on a farm in that state. His mar- 
riage with Eizabeth Erganbright was solemn- 
ized in the year 1S12, and shortl}- thereafter he 
came to Indiana, locating in the county of Bar- 
tholemew, where he purchased a tract of gov- 
ernment land, from which he developed a 
home; his death subsequentl_\- occurred in John- 
son county, Ind. By his first wife, who died 




in 1832, he had ten children, three now hving, 
and by a second marriage he also had the same 
number of children, his family having been 
the largest in the community where he resided. 
Zebulon Co.x remained with his parents until 
attaining his majority, received a limited edu- 
cation in the country schools, and began life 
for himself as a farmer, purchasing his first 
real estate, consisting of eighty acres, in his 
native county, to which forty acres were sub- 
sequently added. He continued on this farm 
until 1855, when he disposed of the same and 
became a resident of Boone county, purchasing 
a tract of 166 acres of unimproved land, to 
which he made additions at intervals, until he 
eventually became one of the largest owners 
of real estate in the county, his possessions at 
one time aggregating 9S9 acres. \Mth the ex- 
ception of 160 acres, reserved for a home in his 
declining years, Mr. Cox has generously divided 
his large estate among his children, and he is 
consoled by the reflection that his success is 
due to his own efforts, and that his life has 
been void of offense to his fellow-men. In 
September, 1873, Mr. . Cox went to Missouri, 
where he followed farming and stock raising 
until 1877, owning in that state a valuable 
farm of 320 acres, which he disposed of on his 
return to Boone county, in January of the 
latter year. Mr. Cox was married October 7, 
185 1, to Nancy Lang. daughter of William and 
Polly (Bass) Lang, natives of Kentucky and 
North Carolina respectively, and early pioneers 
of Morgan county, Ind. The results of this 
union are the following children: Mary E. , 
Richard M., William W., Margaret E, wife of 
Mell A. Thompson; Otis B., Clement L., de- 
ceased; and Albert L. Mr. Cox is an intelli- 
gent farmer, gives wide attention to the proper 
rotation of crops, and belongs to that well- 
informed class who have succeeded in elevat- 
ing agriculture to its true dignity as a science. 
He is a man of influe'nce in the community, is 

highly esteemed in his own and neighboring 
townships, and occupies a conspicuous place 
among the successful self-made men of the 
county of Boone. Politically he affiliates with 
the populist party, the principles of which, 
when practically applied, he believes to be for 
the best interest of the country. 

^^ TRANCE N. CRAGUN, the well 
•^^^ known and efficient editor of the Leb- 
h\,^_y anon (Ind.) Patriot, springs from 
sturdy Scotch-Irish ancestry, his great- 
grandfather having come from the north of 
Ireland in an early day and having settled in 
\"irginia. His son, Elisha Cragun, grandfather 
of" Strange N., was born in that state, but was 
among the pioneers of the southeast part of 
Rush county, Ind., whence, in 1835, he came 
to Boone county and located in Eagle town- 
ship, but afterward went west with his family 
and died at Council Bluffs, Iowa. The fam- 
ily, however, continued their journey westward 
and settled in Utah, where members of them 
still live. Hiram Cragun, son of Elisha and 
fatherof Strange N. , was born in Rush county, 
Ind., near the Franklin county line, December 
S, 1 8 16, was reared a farmer, and was nine- 
teen years of age when he accompanied his 
father to Boone county. The farm on which 
they here settled was very heavily timbered, 
and Hiram, who was a very industrious and 
j hard-working man, did a vast amount of work 
in assisting his father in clearing away the fine 
I black walnut trees and in burning them in piles 
I to get rid of them. Hiram was married in 
! Boone county to Reiter, daughter of Robert 
Dooley, and to this union were born nine chil- 
dren, of whom seven grew to maturity, viz. : 
j Josephine, Neb, Melvina, George C. , Hiram, 
i Strange N., and Lorenzo D. The farm owned 
! by Hiram Cragun comprised 245 acres, and on 
J this he lived until 18S4, when he died at the 



age of sixty-eight years, universally respected. 
He was a democrat in politics until the firing 
on Fort Sumter, when he became a strong re- 
publican and an ardent Union man; he was 
also a great admirer of Abraham Lincoln. 
With his wife he was a member of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church, and for many years was 
a class leader of the Pleasant View society, 
which he assisted in founding, and which first 
met in the "little brick" school-house; he 
was a man of high character, very exact, and 
held hypocrisy in utter abhorrence. 

Strange N. Cragun was born July 24, 
1S57, on his father's farm in Eagle township, 
Boone county, Ind. He received his prepara- 
tory education in the common schools, and 
this was supplemented by a course of three 
years at the Zionsville academy and one term 
at Purdue university. He became a teacher 
in Boone county at the age of seventeen, in 
1S74, and taught in the district schools of 
Worth township, and in the graded school at 
Zionsville — four years in all — and then had 
charge of the graded school of Reelsville, Put- 
nam county, Ind., for one year. In the spring 
of 1879, while on a visit to Purdue university, 
Mr. Cragun went before the board of e.x- 
aminers of candidates for admission to West 
Point Military academy, and from the thirty- 
one applicants from the ninth congressional 
district he was selected for the important and 
distinguished appointment. At West Point he 
was obliged to undergo another examination, 
and of the 160 applicants he was one of the 
1 20 to pass the severe ordeal. On the twentieth 
of June following (1879), he reported at West 
Point and was admitted to the class of 
■ 1883, but two years later, on account of im- 
paired eyesight, he was obliged to tender his 
resignation. In the spring of iSSi he return- 
ed to Boone county and accepted the principal- 
ship of the Whitestown graded schools for one 
year, when he was called to Zionsville, to 

form a joint principalship with W. B. Alford, 
which lasted one year. He then came to 
Lebanon, and for four years was principal of 
the high school. In 1887 Mr. Cragun was 
elected county superintendent of schools, a 
position he filled four years and three months, 
serving out the unexpired term of Harvey M. 
LaFollette. During his administration, he 
brought the schools up to a high standard and 
introduced new courses of study, securing uni- 
formity in the grading of the schools, making 
the township institute much more effective, 
and achieving the reputation of being an ex- 
cellent disciplinarian both as a teacher and a 
superintendent. He was strict, but impartial, 
in his examination of teachers, and reduced 
the number of licenses nearly one-half, ex- 
tending the policy of his predecessor, Mr. 

May 2, 1 89 1, Mr. Cragun bought the 
Patriot, the oldest newspaper in Boone coun- 
ty, that has been published continuously, 
dating its birth from 1857. It is republican 
in its politics and is independent and out- 
spoken in the advocacy of the principles of 
that party, and in its discussion of local and 
county questions and measures. Mr. Cragun 
has greatly increased its subscription list since 
he assumed the editorial chair, this increase 
arising from the improvement he has made in its 
leading articles and the higher plane on which 
he has placed the literary selections, as well 
as the completeness to which he has brought 
his news columns. As its name indicates, 
the journal is indeed patriotic in all things. 
On June 17, 1883, Mr. Cragun was united in 
matrimony with Miss Addie M., daughter of 
Benjamin and Margaret (Beeler) Booher, at 
Whitestown, Ind., and to this felicitous union 
have been born three children — Ethel and 
Opal, twins, and Dwight, the last named born 
October 5, 189 1. This happy little family, 
however, was rudely broken into by the taking 



away of Opal at the age of six and a half 
years. Mr. Booher, thg father of Mrs. Cra- 
gun, a prominent and wealthy citizen, is now 
living in retirement in Lebanon, and further 
information concerning him and his family will 
be found on another page. Mr. Cragun is a 
member of Boone lodge. No. 9, F. & A. M. ; 
Lebanon chapter, No. 39, R. A. M. ; also 
Lebanon lodge. No. 45, K. of P. ; also with his 
wife, of Lebanon chapter. No. 23. O. E. S., 
while Mrs. Cragun is a member of the Luther- 
an church at Whitestown. Mr. Cragun has 
recently erected a very fine and substantial 
residence, which is much admired for its taste- 
fulness and beauty of architecture. The 
family is highly respected and moves in the 
best social circles of the countv. 

*y-» LANDER MEAD CRIST, an emi- 
I r nent educator and temperance reform- 
I ^ er of Boone county,- Ind., was born 
at Liberty, Union count}', Ind., Octo- 
ber 23, 1837, and is a son of James Weller and 
Mary (LaFuze) Crist, of whom the former 
was born in Hamilton county, Ohio, July 4, 
1803, and died at Liberty, Ind. , September 
14, 1859. The latter, a daughter of Samuel 
and Eleanor (Harper) LaFuze, was born near 
Brownsville, Pa., March 21, 1S05, and died at 
Thorntown, Ind., November 6, 1890. The 
grandfathers of Mrs. Mary (LaFuze) Crist, 
Harper and LaFuze, both lost their lives in the 
Revolutionary war while endeavoring to secure 
the independence of the American nation. 
George Weller Crist, paternal grandfather of 
Leander Mead Crist, was a native of New York, 
of German descent; born September 20. 177,0, 
and in 1795 removed to Ohio, whence, in 181 2, 
he came to Indiana, entered land and settled 
where Liberty now stands, and there died 
March 16, 1844. His wife, who bore the 
maiden name of Sarah Bell, was born in Ire- 

land in 1772, and in her eighth year came with 
her parents to America, dying at Laurel, Ind., 
in 1S64. The ancestors of Mr. Crist were 
Protestants on both sides, and farmers by voca- 
tion, and were noted for their industry, energy 
and sobriety. The parents of Mr. Crist were 
married March 2, 1823, immediately settled in 
the forest and were blessed with eleven children, 
Leander being the eighth and ten living to 
reach their majority. The parents early con- 
nected themselves with the M. E. church and 
their home was a favorite stopping place of 
the pioneer preachers of that faith; they were 
also charter members of the first temperance 
society in Union county, and banished cards, 
tobacco and into.\icants as early as 1833, and 
gave to their children the best educational 
advantages the country aEorded. Leander M. 
Crist assisted his father on the home farm and 
in the mill until he was twenty-five years of 
age, and in the fall of 1 86; entered DePauw 
(formerly Asbury) university, where he remained 
four years, graduating with a class of twenty- 
four in 1667. He then went to Kentucky and 
taught a boy's academy at Lancaster for three 
years, at the same time studying law. In 
I 870 he returned to Liberty. Ind., and began 
practice. His marriage took place at Liberty, 
October 23, 1871, to Miss Eunice M. Brown, 
a graduate of O.xford college, with the class of 
1867, and a daughter of Walter and Keziah 
(La Boyteau) Brown. December 2, 1872, a 
son was born to their union, but the joy and 
high hopes that came by this new tie of love 
were soon shrouded in deepest gloom by the 
death of the young mother February 25, 1873, 
in her twenty-third year. In 1875, Mr Crist 
was elected county superintendent of schools 
of Union county, which position he filled in a 
most satisfactory manner for six years. June 
12, 18S0, Mr. Crist selected for a second life 
companion another graduate of Oxford college, 
a Miss Orpha A. Gath, who graduated with the 


class of 1 866. This lady is a daughter of 
Samuel and Mary Gath, who came from Hafi- 
fax, England, to this country in 1840. She 
was bom at Oxford, Ohio, Atay 21, 1845. In 
1 88 1 they moved to Thorntown, Ind., and for 
three years successfully conducted together the 
public schools. July 23, 1884, Mr. Crist took 
an active part in the first hotly contested 
battle at Indianapolis against the rum power, 
and his espousal of the prohibition cause neces- 
sitated the resignation of himself and wife from 
the public schools. Since that time they have 
battled side" by side for moral reform, and Mr. 
Crist has been honored by his party as candi- 
date for the following positions: Representa- 
tive for Boone county in 1886, delegate to the 
national convention at Indianapolis in 1888, 
state superintendent of public instruction in 
1890, delegate to the national convention at 
Cincinnati in 1892, and for member of congress 
from the ninth Indiana district in 1894. 
Although Mr. Crist has- passed his fifty- 
seventh mile post he is still hale and hearty, 
enjoying life in his suburban home, where he 
rests from active duties and watches the edu- 
cation of his son, Mark, at Purdue university 
(class of 1896), who is preparing to take up his 
line of battle for the good cause. 

<Y^ .-WID CROSE, one of Boone coun- 
I I t^y's enterprising and highly esteemed 
^^^_^ pioneers, claims Indiana for his na- 
tive country and was born in Tippe- 
canoe county April 27, 1835. His parents 
were Benjamin and Cynthia (Martin) Crose, 
who were natives of Kentucky. The father, 
Benjamin, was born in Bourbon county, Ky., 
Januan.- 22, 1813, and the mother, July 16, 
1813. Benjamin was a son of Jonathan and 
Susan 'Utterback) Crose, who were natives of 
Bourbon county, Ky. Jonathan Crose was 
born February 2, [791, and Susan (Utter- 

back) Crose was born March 23, 1787. They 
came to Indiana and located in Tippecanoe 
county in 1830, whence they removed to 
Boone county in 1835. They had a family of 
nine children, viz : Reuben, born January 3, 
181 1 (deceased); Benjamin; Andrew J., born 
March 26, 181 5; George W. , born February 
24, 1817; Henry H., born January 30, 1819; 
Covington, born June 2, 1822; William F. , 
born December 20. 1824; Jonathan, Jr., born 
■ December 29, 1827, and Michael. These 
children were all born in Bourbon county, Ky., 
with the exception of Michael,- who was born 
in Tippecanoe county, Ind. Benjamin Crose, 
subject's father, came with his parents to 
Tippecanoe county, Ind., where he was joined 
in wedlock with Miss Martin, by whom were 
born to him three children, two that died in 
infancy and David, our subject, the youngest. 
Mrs. Crose died January 24, 1S3S, and Mr. 
Crose died in Washington township, Boone 
county, August 4. 1879. 

David Crose. our subject, came with his 
father to Boone county when a small boy and 
has resided in the county ever since. He was 
married September 10, 1S57, to Martha E. 
Bovee, who was born in Clinton county, Ind., 
March 2, 1S41, and is a daughter of Erastus 
and Elizabeth (Hill) Bovee. After Mr. Grose's 
marriage he settled on the same farm on which 
he now lives, which farm comprises 160 acres 
of fine land, under a high state of cultivation. 
Mr. Crose makes a specialty of raising and 
breeding thoroughbred Poland China hogs, 
also other good stock. He has done much to 
improve the live stock of Boone county and is 
widely known throughout the county as an 
energetic and enterprising man. His union to 
Miss Bovee has been blessed with ten children, 
viz.; Marion F. , born August 26, 1858, and 
died November 11, 1858; William B., born 
February 2, 1S60; Mary E., born October 24, 
1861, and died December 12, 1887; Clement 




L., born May S. 1S63, and died October 4, 
1SS7; S_\'nthia E.. born October 11, 1S64; 
James \\'., born May 17, 1S66; Sarah A., 
born January 15. 1S71, and died February I, 
1S71; Pearly A., born October 2. 1872, and 
died August 30, 1S79; Edgar L., born June 
II, 1S77; Walter F., born April 12, iSSi. 
Mr. and Mrs. Crose are members of the Chris- 
tian church. Mr. Crose has always taken 
much interest in the progress of Boone count}', 
and is a patron of every enterprise that prom- 
ises to be of benefit to the public at large, 
never hesitatiing to put his hand in his pocket 
when the public ueal demands his aid. His 
private charities he keeps to himself, but his 
liberality is well known, notwithstanding. Up- 
right in all his transactions, he has won the 
respect of the entire community. 

HMERICUS C. DAILY, a prominent 
business man of Lebanon, Boone 
county, Ind,, and a well known 
politician whose reputation is state 
wide, is the descendant of an old and well 
known famil_\' of Luzerne county. Pa., and 
springs from the sterling Scotch-Irish stock 
which added so much character to the early 
history of the Kej-stone state. His great- 
grandfather, David Daily, a native of the 
north of Ireland, came to America in com- 
pany with two brothers in the times of the 
colonies. He was a patriot in the War of 
Independence, throughout which he served 
with distinction. One of his brothers settled 
in \'irginnia, the other in Montreal, Canada, 
and both became widely and favorably known 
in their respective localities. David Daily, 
grandfather of Americus C, was for some 
years a farmer of Luzerne county. Pa., in 
which state he married Elizabeth Overfieid, a 
member of a distinguished family, and reared 
ten children. He was a poineer of Ohio, 

moving to Miami county, that state, as early 
' as 1S16 and resided there until 1833, at which 
time he came to Boone county, Ind., locating 
near Thorntown, where his death occurred in 
, 1S60, at the ripe old age of eighty-two years. 
Charles Daily, son of the above and father of 
Americus C. , was born December 23, 18 10, 
in Luzerne county. Pa., and by occupation 
was a harness maker, which calling he follosv- 
ed at \'arious places for a period of twenty- 
; fire years. He married in Clark county, 
Ohio. Mary Hay, daughter of Joseph and 
Nancy (Johnson) Hay, and became the father 
of six children, the following being their 
names; Benjamin O., who was born in Craw- 
fords\iile, Ind., Americus C, Henry H., 
Samuel R., Charles O., and David H., who 
were born in New Carlisle, Ohio. It is a 
; fact worthy of note that no death occurred in 
' the family of Mr. Daily or in an\- of the 
' families of his children until he had been mar- 
ried over sixty years. Charles Daily became 
a resident of Boone county, Ind., in 18S0 and 
; retired from active life about the same year 
, in \ery comfortable circumstances. Financial- 
ly he met with most encouraging success, was 
fur many years a class leader in the Methodist 
church, and died ripe in years and full of 
honors at Lebanon, November 2, 1893, at the 
: advanced age of eighty-three. The chief 
characteristics of this most excellent man was 
strict integrity, a high sense of honor and a 
( retiring disposition, and he is remembered as 
a great lover of his home and family. Mrs. 
Daily, in every respect a fit companion and 
helpmate of such a husband, is still lingering on 
: the shores of time, having reached the good old 
age of eight\'-two years. 

Americus C. Daily, the principal facts of 

whose life are herewith set forth, was born 

.March 10, 1835, in New Carlisle, Ohio, in the 

schools of which place he received his element- 

! ary education. Later, he pursued his studies 



for some years in the Linden Hill academy, 
where he obtained acknowledge of the higher 
branches of learning under the instruction of 
Prof. Thomas Harrison, A. M., D D., a noted 
educator of Ohio, formerly assistant editor of 
the Western Christian Advocate, and subse- 
quently president of Moore's Hill college. The 
following notice of Mr. Daily, given without 
solicitation by Professor Harrison, is indeed a 
most flattering testimonial to the young man's 
assiduity and worth as a student: "Over 
thirty years ago, while I was principal of Lin- 
den Hill academy in Ohio, Mr. A. C. Daily- 
was a student of the institution. His parents 
were upright and industrious citizens and he 
early learned from them the importance and 
advantage of a correct life. Too much cannot 
be said of his many excellent qualities. As a 
student he had a strong, clear and vigorous 
intellect, and he readily grasped the various 
branches of knowledge he studied. His indus- 
try and perseverance were unceasing. His 
moral character was without a blemish. He 
was always respectful to his instructors and 
obedient to the regulations of the institution. 
He was kind and obliging to his fellow-stu- 
dents, and among them was a universal favor- 
ite. His parents assisted him in obtaining an 
education and he faithfully co-operated with 
them in the great work." 

In 1855, when twenty years of age, Mr. 
Daily came to Boone county, Ind. , and ac- 
cepted the position of deputy county treasurer 
under his uncle, John C. Daily, in which ca- 
pacity he continued until the expiration of the 
latter's term of office, when he became clerk 
in the auditor's office, discharging the duties 
of the same until i860. In thatVear he was 
appointed clerk of the Boone county circuit 
court to fill a vacancy occasioned by the death 
of Henry Shannon, and in 1861 was elected 
trustee of Center township. In 1862 Mr. 
Daily was complimented by being elected to 

the office of county auditor, the duties of which 
: position he discharged in a manner highly 
\ creditable to himself and satisfactory to his 
constituency for one term, and in 1867, in 
I partnership, with Judge L. C. Dougherty and 
i Maj. Harvey G. Hazelrigg, organized the Leb- 
! anon Bank, a private institution, which from 
I the beginning had the confidence of the peo- 
I pie and proved highly successful. In 1882 the 
bank was reorganized as the Lebanon National 
bank, with A. C. Daily as president; Levi 
: Lane, vice president, and Samuel S. Daily 
cashier; the capital stock at that time being 
' $60,000. This bank has a large line of de- 
posits, and under its most excellent and suc- 
i cessful business management has become one 
' of the best known and popular institutions of 
: the kind in central Indiana. Mr. Daily is 
public spirited in all the term implies, and has 
been untiring in his efforts toward buildino; up 
the citv of Lebanon and developing the re- 
: sources of Boone county. For six consecu- 
' tive years he was secretary of the Boane 
: County Agricultural society, much of the suc- 
cess of which is due to his executive ability, 
i and he has always be in libaral with his means 
! in the promotion of any and all enterprises 
, having for their object the moral and material 
well-being of the community. For some years 
he was treasurer of the Indiana Trotting and 
Pacing Horse Dealers' association, a state or- 
I ganization. 

Fraternallv Mr. Daily is a Mason of the 
thirty-second degree, and also belongs to the 
I. O. O. F., both subordinate lodge and en- 
; campment, in the former of which he has held 
every official position. He is a member of the 
grand lodge of the state and was honored b\- 
being chosen to represent Indiana in the Sov- 
ereign grand lodge at Topeka, Kans., in 1896, 
' and in St. Louis in 1S91. It will thus be seen 
that Mr. Daily's life has been one of great ac- 
tivitv; his otlicial and business career is without 



the slightest taint of suspicion, and he stands ' 
deservedly high among the people of Boone 
county, who have long since learned to re- { 
spect him for his integrity and other excellent j 
traits of character. Mr. Daily is a republican | 
in politics, and as such has been untiring in his ' 
efforts to promote the interests of his party in 
Boone county and throughout the state. In [ 
April, 1894, he was nominated for the office | 
of auditor of the state, and in the November ; 
following was triumphantly elected by a state ; 
plurality of 4:4, 773, his majority in his own I 
county of Boone being 158 ahead of his ticket, ; 
showing him to be a prime favorite. For this | 
position his abilities eminently fit him, and in 
this connection it is proper to quote from the 1 
note of Prof. Harrison, to which reference was 
made in a preceding paragraph, relati\'e to his 
ability to fill positions of trust, in the event of \ 
his election; "That he has succeeded so ad- 1 
mirably as a noble .\mericaD citizen is only | 
what may be expected. To whatever position 1 
the votes of the people may elevate him he 
will most assuredly fill with the highest credit. " 
Mr. Daii}' has a beautiful home in Lebanon 
and an interesting family consisting of a wife 
and two children. He married Maggie F. Mc- , 
Corkle, daughter of Solomon and Ruth Culver 
McCorkle, of Champaign county, Ohio, and j 
the names of their children are Charles E. and ! 
Blanche. Mrs. Daily is a member of the \ 
^fethodist church, and Mr. Daily holds the po- 
sition of trustee in the Lebanon congregation. 

>rj*AMES M. DAVIS is a native of Boone 
m county, Ind. , and was born in the 
my village of Thorntown, March 22, 1838, 
He is a son of Joseph and Hannah B 
(Moorej Davis, natives of New Jersey and 
Ohio respectively, and of English and Irish ex- 
traction, Joseph Davis was a son of England, 
who came to the United States in a very early 

day, settling in New Jersey. Being of a 
speculative turn of mind, he went to New 
Orleans, La., with a flat-boat of flour and 
pork, and while there was taken sick and died. 
His widow afterward moved to Troy, Ohio, 
and later to Thorntown, Ind., where she died 
at the home of one of her sons. They were 
the parents of eight children, viz : William, 
George, Eliza, John, Ephraim, James, Joseph 
and Charles. Joseph, the father of our sub- 
ject, the next to the youngest member of the 
famil)-, was born at Trenton, N. J., February 
26, 1796, and went with his mother to Troy, 
Ohio, when a small boy. He learned the 
tailor's trade, which occupation he followed 
for a number of years. He was married at 
Circleville, Ohio. March 2, 1S20, to Hannah 
B. Moore, who \\ as born at that place January 
14, 1802. In the spring of 1832 or 1833 he 
moved to Thorntown. Ind., and engaged in 
tailoring until 1833, when he purchased land 
in Washington township, on which he settled 
and engaged in farming until his death, which 
occurred February 23. 1877, his wife having 
died .August 31, 1S76. They were the parents 
of twelve children, viz : Eliza, Catherine, 
.\manda, Melvina. Elizabeth A., Carolina, 
Henry C, William S.. James M., Edwin, 
Alethia E. and Elizabeth E. 

James M. Davis was married in Clinton 
county, Ind., January 10, 1861, to Sarah A.. 
daughter of Dr. Isaac T. and Louisa C. 
(Canby) Wilds, who were among the first 
settlers of Clinton county, Ind. Dr. Wilds 
was the first physician to locate in Clinton 
county, and his oldest son was the first male 
child born in Frankfort. They were the par- 
ents of nine children, viz: George M., Mary 
E., Sarah A., William \V. , Frances C, James 
W., John R., Edv.ard T. and Francis S. Mr. 
Davis now lives on the old home farm and 
owns 140 acres of fine land well improved. 
Five children were born to him, viz : Lillian 


L., born October 5, 1861, now Mrs. George 
W. Sims, and residing in Kansas; George M., 
born April 13, 1863, married to Ary E. Bren- 
ton, and residing in Kansas; Minnie, born July 
19, 1866, died July 20, 1866; Frank W., born 
September 15, 1868, married to Viola B. Luse, 
and living in Kansas; and Clint B., born March 
10, 1872, at home. Mr. Davis is a fine man 
in the true sense of the word and he and 
family have ever enjoyed the full esteem of 
their neighbors, wherever it may have been 
their lot te be located. In Boone county, 
especially, are the residing members of the 
family held in the highest regard. 

V7*0HN C. DAVIS.~The great rebellion 
m left its scorching name, not only in the 
/» 1 shape of a great debt to burden the 
American people, but it filled the 
country with the maimed, sick and helpless, 
and these disabled soldiers made the noblest 
sacrifices for their country, as throughout these 
long years the blighting hand of war has been 
laid heavily upon them, and there is no soldier 
in Boone county, who is more entitled to the 
sympathies and respect of his fellow-citizens, 
than John C. Davis. His grandfather was a 
farmer of Ohio in the Miami valley. His son 
John was the father of our subject, was born 
in Ohio, and reared near Cincinnati. He re- 
ceived a good English education, and came to 
Indiana when a young man, settling in Frank- 
lin county, where he married Elizabeth A. , 
daughter of Andy Caldwell, and they were the 
parents of eight children — John C. , Nancy J., 
Andrew J., Sarah, Mary A., Samuel. Nelson 
and Franklin. In the fall of 1832, Mr. Davis 
came to Boone county and settled in the 
woods on Eagle creek, one-half mile east of 
Ralston, where he entered eighty acres of 
land, cleared up a farm and made a good home. 
He at one time taught school in Union town- 

ship. Mr. and Mrs. Davis were both devout 
members of the Methodist church. In politi- 
cal opinions he'was first an old-time whig and 
afterward an original republican and a stanch 
adherent to. the Union cause, having three 
sons in the Civil war : John C. ; Andrew J., 
in company F., Fortieth regiment, Indiana 
volunteer infantry, who was in several battles, 
in one of which he was wounded; and Samuel 
S., who was in an Indiana infantry regiment, 
loo-dav's service, and was in battle. John 
Davis, father of these soldier sons, was a 
man of high character, honored and respected 
by all who knew him. He brought up an ex- 
cellent famil}- of children, all of \\hom are of 
temperate and moral character. He lived to 
be seventy-two years of age. 

John C. Davis was born in Franklin county, 
Ind., September 28, 1832, was two years old 
when brought to Boone county, and early 
learned to work at clearing land. His educa- 
tion consisted of what he could learn in our pio- 
neer schools. He enlisted April 23, 1861. 
This was the first call made by Father Abra- 
ham for three-months' men, which roused the 
patriotism of the Hoosier bo}S to the fullest 
e.xtent, and he enlisted at Lebanon, company 
I, Tenth regiment, Indiana volunteer infantry, 
under Capt. Kise. This was the first company 
that enlisted at Lebanon to go to the front. 
He served out this enlistment and was honora- 
bly discharged at Indinapolis, Ind. , August 6, 
1861; re-enlisted in company F, Fortieth reg- 
iment, Indiana volunteer infantry, for three 
years or during the war, served until the close, 
and was honorably discharged at Indinapolis, 
August 28, 1S65. His battles were at Rich 
Mountain, Shiloh, Kenesaw Mountain, and 
Peach Tree creek. He was under the artillery 
j fire in a skirmish in front of Atlanta and was 
I stunned by a shell. He fell senseless on the 
I field and was carried to the rear for dead. His 
I mind was affected by the concussion, and he 


was taken to the field hospital. Imagining 
them to be rebels, he escaped from his guards 
and ran directh' into the rebel lines, thinking 
he was rejoining his regiment. He was cap- 
tured by them and taken to Andersonville a 
prisoner, and was confired in this celebrated 
stockade until the close of the war. Being in 
this demented condition, he suffered terribl)- 
from thirst, starvation and exposure, and when 
released was a mere skeleton and could hardly 
walk. Being still shattered in mind, he in 
some manner, while being conveyed home, 
left the train and found himself in Ken- 
tucky among strangers. He recovered his 
mind sufficiently to write home to his brother, 
Samuel, who was a farmer in Boone county, 
who immediately went to Kentucky, and 
brought him home. With careful nursing, he 
partially improved, but still remains in a de- 
bilitated condition, and to this day can remem- 
ber but little of his terrible experience in 
Andersonx'ille. On December 19, 1867, he mar- 
ried Angelina A., daughter of Washington and 
Dorcas J. (Russell) Phillips. 

Mr. Phillips was an old pioneer in Boone 
county, li\ing many 3ears in Washington 
township, where he entered his land and 
cleared up his farm of 160 acres from the 
woods. To Mr. and Mrs. Phillips were born 
seven children — Oscar; Franklin, a soldier in 
the Civil war two years anS wounded in battle 
— Minerva, Angelina, Thomas B. — a soldier in 
the war three 3 ears and in several battles — 
Rosswell R. — a soldier in the 100-day service. 
Mrs. Phillips was a member of the Methodist 
church. She died, and Mr. Phillips married 
Susan Wallace, and they had si.\- children — 
Mary, John, Alice, Jennie, Asbery and Lew. 
Mr. Phillips was born in Ohio in 1806, and 
died in Boone county in 1890, aged eighty- 
four years. He was a sturdy Boone county 
pioneer, upright in his dealings, and set a good 
example to his children. After marriage, Mr. 

Davis settled on his present farm of eighty 
acres, right in the woods. Being in a disabled 
condition, he could do but little work and was 
obliged to hire most of the clearning done, but 
he still was industrious and frugal, and assisted 
by his faithful and energetic wife, who is an 
excellent manager, he has converted his land 
into a fertile farm, and erected substantial 
buildings. The home of this old soldier has 
been brightened by the birth of one daughter 
May V. They are all membersof the Metho- 
dist church, of which Mr. Davis has been class- 
leader. In politics he is a republican and 
votes against the men who caused his affliction. 
In his old age Mr. Davis is out of debt and 
enjoys the solid comforts of a good home. 
His course has always been marked for moral- 
ity and temperance. 

ISAAC J. DAVIS is a member of the fa- 
mous firm of Davis Bros., the propri- 
etors of the largest livery, feed and sale 
stables in Boone county, Ind., with 
headquarters at Lebanon. Their father, Jo- 
siah Davis, the son of a Kentucky family of 
English descent, is a citizen of Ladoga, Mont- 
gomery county, Ind, where he was formerly a 
substantial farmer, but is now leading a retired 
life. He married Miss M. J. Carson, and 
there were born to them the following named 
children: James C, John, Isaac T., Mary J., 
Lucy and Effie. Mr. Davis is a respected 
member of the Baptist church, and a citizen 
highly honored for his integrity of character by 
the inhabitants of Ladoga and Montgomery 

Isaac T. Davis was born in Montgomery 
1 county, Ind., March 5, 1S49, and was reared 
on his father's farm, receiving as good an edu- 
cation as the schools of his district could possi- 
bly afford. He began his business life as a 
buyer and shipper of horses, and that he made 


a success of this traffic is proven by his present 
prosperous and extensive trade. He started in 
the Hvery business at Ladoga about the year 
1870, and for three years carried on a thriving 
trade, and then moved to Jamestown, Boone 
county, Ind., where for another period of three 
years he was equally successful in the same 
line. About 1S76 he came to Lebanon, where 
he and his brother, [ames C, have established 
their present immense sale and livery stable. 
Their purchases and shipments of horses have 
been enormous, and last season the sum paid 
out for animals in this vicinity alone exceeded 
$60,000, and their shipments extended east as 
far as Newark, N. J., and throughout the inter- 
mediate country the firm are known as respon- 
sible and reliable business men of undoubted 
integrity. Personally, Isaac T. Davis is a very 
popular citizen. In politics a democrat, he 
filled the important office of sheriff of Boone 
.county from 1882 to 1884, to the entire satis- 
faction of the public; he is a member of Leb- 
anon lodge. No. 45, Knights of Pythias, and 
has filled all the offices within the lodge; he is 
also a member of the Baptist church and lives 
in accordance with its teachings. His mar- 
riage took place at Lebanon, May 2, 1S76, to 
Miss Maggie Andrews, and he has had born to 
him four children, who are named I.yle, Carl 
A., William and Beulah. These brothers, 
Isaac T. and James C. Davis, as will be well 
understood from the foregoing, constitute the 
firm of Davis Bros., proprietors of one of the 
best equipped livery stables in Indiana, to say 
nothing of their large buying operations. The 
spacious barns are always neat and clean, and 
their teams on hire include every variety of 
rig, from the saddle horse to the farm-horse 
team when demanded, and their high st}-le of 
turnouts has never been known to fail to give 
satisfaction, while their moderate charges have 
invariably met the approbation of all their pa- 

township, Boone county, Ind., is a 
native of Hendricks county, this 
state, and was born July 21, 1839. 
His parents, Andrew and Mahalia (Dodd) 
Dickerson, were born and were married in 
Floyd county, Va. , and there the father fol- 
lowed farming, school-teaching and carpenter- 
ing until 1830, when he brought his family to 
Indiana and entered land in Hendricks county, 
where his death occurred in 1847, and that of 
his wife in 1890, both being members of the 
Society of Friends. Their ten children were 
named Lucinda, Jackson, Ennis, Julia Ann, 
Floyd, Calvin, Darius, Mary E., Ellen, and 

Calvin Dickerson abided with his mother 
until his enlistment, September 7, 1 861, in 
company C, Fifty-first Indiana volunteer in- 
fantry, in which he served three years and five 
months, returning home March 8, 1865. All 
this time he was on active duty, except when 
he was a prisoner for fifteen days, having been 
captured by Gen. Forrest at Rome, Ga. , while 
on a raid, and during a short period of confine- 
ment in hospital, having been shot through 
both legs at the siege of Nashville. After his 
return he resumed farmLng, and two or three 
years later bought a farm of forty acres in the 
woods, on which he lived ten years, then came 
to Perry township, Boone county, bought 
another farm of forty acres, now increased to 
180 acres, and this has since been his home. 
August 10, 1865, he married Harriet Holley, 
who was born in Hendricks county, Ind., 
September 21, 1844, a daughter of John and 
Frances Holley, natives of Kentucky. To 
this union of Calvin and Harriet were born 
five children, viz: Charles M., Capitolia, Fran- 
ces, John A. and Asa. The mother of these 
died August 17, 1876, and in 1S77 Mr. Dick- 
erson married Margaret Acton, a native of 
Ripley county, Ind., born June 12, 1S51, and 



daughter of James H/ and Serepta (Prater) 
Acton, natives of Kentucky. This seoond 
union has been blessed with one child — Earl 
O. Mr. and Mrs. Dickerson are members of 
the Baptist church, and in politics he is a 
democrat. His pension for his war services is 
$i6 per month. 


ILLI.^M J. DeVOL.— This j'oung 
man is one of the prominent busi- 
ness men of I^ebanon, and assist- 
ant cashier of the First National 
bank. His great grandfather, .\rphaxed De\'ol, 
was a farmer of Ohio, and the father of 
Ezekiel. Hiram, W. J., Thomas, Clark, 
Merviii, Benjamin F. and Stephen, eight sons. 
Arpha.xed DeVol married Polly Dye, and they 
were residents of Morgan county, Ohio, and 
pioneers, and Mr. De\'ol was a large farmer. 
He lived to be an aged man. Ezekiel De\'ol, 
grandfather of William J.." our subject, was 
born in Morgan county, Ohio. He became a 
farmer and lived all his life on the old DeVol 
homestead on Meigs creek, Morgan county, 
Ohio. He married Nancy Fonts, daughter of 
Samuel Flouts, and to them were born seven 
children: Lorinda, William J., Clark, 
Lemon. Charles F., Barbara and Fremont. 
Mr. and JNIrs. De\'ol were members of the 
Methodist church, and he was class leader. 
He was a substantial farmer and a man of 
high character, beloved b_\' all and noted for 
his honorable character. He died, on his 
farm, at the age of si.xty-three. Mr. W. J. 
De\'ol, father of William J., was born in 
Morgan county, Ohio, September 1 8, 1833. 
He received a good common school education, 
and was married at the age of twenty-three 
years, in Morgan county, October 29, 1856, 
to Frances E., daughter of Samuel and 
Elizabeth (Green) Adams. Samuel Adams 
was born in Brooke countv, Va., of an 

American family of English stock. He mar- 
ried in that county, moved to Ohio, and set- 
tled in Morgan county, among the pioneers, 
where he cleared up a farm and passed all his 
life. He was a member of the Christian 
church, and a disciple of the famous Alex- 
ander Campbell. He organized the first 
Christian church in Morgan county, on Meigs 
creek, and was elder many years. This church 
is still in existence. Mr. Adams served many 
years as a local preacher — indeed, until he was 
too old to preach. He was greatly respected 
by the people. He had an intelligent mind, 
was a wide reader and in later life was an un- 
tiring student of the Holy Bible. He was first 
married to Eliza Irwin, and to them were born 
four children: Sarah, David. William and 
Nancy. Mrs. Adams died in \'irginia and 
Mr. Adams next married Elizabeth Green. 
By the second marriage there were seven 
children: Mary, John, Samuel, Elizabeth, 
Frances E., Alvira and Rose. Mr. Adams 
lived to be se\'ent_\-nine years of age. In 
politics he was a republican, and once served 
as a member of the Ohio state legislature. 
William J. De\'ol and wife settled on Meigs 
creek, Morgan county, Ohio, where he en- 
gaged in the mercantile business. He re- 
mained there some time and enlisted, in Octo- 
ber, 1 86 1, at McConnellsville, Ohio, in com- 
pany C, One Hundred and Twenty-second 
regiment, O. \'. I., for three years, as a pri- 
vate, but was promoted to corporal. He had 
served thirteen months when he was dis- 
abled by exposure on a severe march and 
was honorably discharged in November, 
1862. He was in the battle at Winchester 
and in many severe skirmishes. After this 
service for his country he returned home and 
entered the mercantile business, and continued 
until October 10, 1867. He then engaged in 
farming in Center township, Boone county, 
Ind., and died two years later, in 1S69, Sep- 


tember 12, aged thirty-six years, from the 
effects of army exposure. Mr. and Mrs. DeVof 
were strict members of the Christian church. 
Mr. DeVol was a member of the I. O. O. 
F., and in his poHtics was a sound re- 
pubhcan. He had a kind heart, an 
honest character, and was loved by all. To 
Mr. and Mrs. DeVol were born five children; 
Rebecca A., Rose A., Nancy, William J., 
and Charlie. Mrs. DeVol now resides in 

Judge \V. J. DeVol, the grand-uncle of our 
subject, was born in Ohio, December 28, 18 14, 
went to Missouri, settling in Crawford county, 
where he married Rebecca Thompson, but they 
were the parents of no children. He became 
a large farmer and was elected county judge. 
About 1865 he came to Lebanon and bought 
land. He also inherited 880 acres of land from 
his brother, Clark DeVol, who came to Boone 
county at an early day, was a bachelor and 
well known as an honest- and worthy man. 
Judge De\'ol became wealth\- and was the 
first president of the First National bank of 
Lebanon. He died at seventy-one years of 
age in 1886, a member of the Missionary Bap- 
tist church; in politics was a democrat. 

W. J. DeVol was born in Morgan county, 
Ohio, August 3, 1867, and was but two months 
old when brought to Boone county, Ind. He 
received the education of the public schools of 
Boone county and Lebanon, and began busi- 
ness life as a clerk at the age of twenty-two 
years in the First National bank in Lebanon. 
September 30, 1893, he was elected assistant 
cashier, an office which he still fills with credit 
to himself and satisfaction to the bank. He is 
a member of the Christian church, having 
joined at thirteen years of age, and has always 
taken an active interest in religious matters and 
the study of the Bible; he was made deacon in 
his church at the age of twenty-three years, 
and he is also teacher of the Sunday school. He 

is likewise £ 
45. K. of P. 

member of Lebanon lodge. No. 

Mr. De\'ol is a young man of 
e.xcellent character and of high purposes in 
life. As a bank cashier he is pleasant and 
affable, and his rare judgment with regard to 
men with whom he deals allows him to be 
accommodating to an unusual extent. 


>-j*OHX THO^L\S DIXSMORE. a sturdy 
M and prosperous farmer of Harrison 
A 1 township, Boone county. Ind 

Irish extraction, but is a native In- 
diana, having been born in Decatur county, 
this state. August 4, 1829. His great-grand- 
father, James Dinsniore, a weaver by trade, 
was the first of the family to come from Ire- 
land to America, and here located in Mary- 
land, where he learned tanning, and then 
moved to \'irginia. 

Thomas Dinsmore, son of James and 
grandfather of John T., was a patriot in the 
American army in 1812, and in \'irginia was 
married to Martha Oglesby, and then moved to 
Tennessee, and later to Kentucky, and still 
later to Decatur county, Ind., then to Bar- 
tholomew county, and finally to Boone county, 
where, in 1S39, he bought eighty acres of 
land, on which his grandson. Pleasant J. 
Dinsmore, now resides. In that early day this 
tract of land was a wilderness infested with 
packs of wolves, but at the same time a com- 
pensation was afforded by the presence of droves 
of deer that furnished meat for many a good 
dinner. Grandfather Thomas Dinsmore was 
a highly respected citizen and quite prominent 
in the early da\"3 of Boone county. He was a 
member of the United Brethren church, and a 
Freemason, and held rank with the best in 
the social circles of his township an^I county. 
He had born to him the following children, all 
of whom he reared tu lives of usefulness and 



to be valuable members of society : William, 
Rebecca, Jacob and James (twins), Editha, 
John, Jackson, Easter, Martha and Peter 
Oglesby. Jacob, here mentioned, became the 
father of John Thomas, the subject of this 
sketch. He was born in Montgomery county, 
Ky., July 26, 1805, and married Elizabeth 
Fear, who was born March 27, 1810, and bore 
her husband the following children : John 
Thomas, Sarah A., Martha J., Eliza A.. Will- 
iam F., Pleasant J., Francis M., Mary E., 
Elizada and Elmaza (twins) and Simon P., of 
three of whom separate sketches will be found 
in adjacent pages. Jacob Dinsmore settled in 
Harrison tov\-nship, Boone county, Ind., in 
1 84 1, in the month of February, entering 
eighty acres of land in the wilderness, on 
which his son, \\'illiam F., is now living, and 
which he afterward increased to 200 acres. 

In politics Jacob Dinsmore was first an old- 
line whig, later- became a democrat, and 
finally joined the republican" party during the 
war for the perservation of the Union. He 
was a liberal supporter of schools and churches, 
was a member of the regular Baptist church, 
and assisted in the erection of the Antioch 
church edifice in Harrison township, of which 
congregation Mrs. Dinsmore was also a mem- 
ber. Mr. Dinsmore lived to reach a ripe old 
age, and his death was occasioned b\' an acci- 
dent. On a sleety and icy day he fell and 
dislocated a hip joint, but was unable to en- 
dure the pain of replacement, and fifteen days 
later, March 15, 1891, passed away at the 
age of eighty-six years, mourned by a large 
circle of sympathizing friends. His amiable 
and beloved wife ^^"as called from earth July 
20, 1S64, at the age of fift_\'-four years, hon- 
ored by all who knew her. John Thomas 
Dinsmore came to Boone county with his 
father in 1841. He was reared on the home 
farm and early was taught lessons of industry 
and thrift. 

^y^LEASANT J. DINSMORE, a highly 
1 m respected farmer of Harrison town- 
\ ship, Boone county, Ind., was born 

in Hendricks county, Ind., June 2, 
1840, and was reared on his father's farm. 
His grandfather, Thomas Dinsmore, was a na- 
tive of \'irginia, but early settled in Kentucky, 
where he took an active part in the war of 
1812. Subsequently he came to Indiana and 
settled on the farm in Boone county now oc- 
cupied by the subject of this sketch. Thomas 
married Martha Oglesby, who became the 
mother of the following children: Rebecca, 
Jacob and James (twins), Jackson, Editha, 
Esther, John, Patsey and Peter. Jacob Dins- 
more, son of Thomas and Martha, was born 
in Kentucky, married Elizabeth Fear, daugh- 
ter of John and Sallie (Graham) Fear, and in 
1 84 1 came to Indiana and settled in Boone 
county. To this worthy couple were born the 
following family: John T., Sallie Ann, Martha 
Jane, Eliza Ann, William F., Pleasant J., 
Francis M., Elma A. and Elzada (twins), Ellen 
and Simon P. 

Pleasant J. Dinsmore was inured in his 
youth to the hardships of farm life, but at the 
same time acquired that knowledge of agricul- 
ture so essential in building up his fortune as 
a farmer in later years, and in implanting in 
his system those germs of substantial health 
that constitute a far greater blessing to man 
j than the mere possession of land or money, 
1 but, at the same time, are the chief means by 
which man, with the aid of an ordinary intelli- 
1 gence, is able to accumulate wealth and to es- 
I tablish for himself a good name and a position 
j of respectability with his neighbors, which Mr. 
I Dinsmore has happily done. August 31, 1866, 
he married Sarah Ann Chitwood, daughter of 
I Noah and Rebecca (Richardson) Chitwood, 
I and at once settled on a farm of forty acres, 
to which, by his skill and industry, he has since 
added until he has now a model farm of 100 


acres, well improved in all respects and in a 
high state of cultivation, such as no one but a 
well trained agriculturist, like Mr. Dinsmore, 
could place it under. The moral training of 
Mr. Dinsmore has been equal to his physical 
training, and for years he has been a consist- 
ent and honored member of the Christian 
church, of which he is a deacon, and to which 
he is a liberal contributor from his purse as 
well as his moral influence and personal labor. 
In politics ^^r. Dinsmore is an adherent of 
the republican party, which he believes to be 
the party of purity and truth, and the devel- 
opment of the principles of which he believes 
to be the best for the government of his native 
land, for whose defense he gallantly served 
during the war for its disruption and destruc- 
tion. At the early stage of hostilities designed 
by traitors to produce this dire result, he en- 
listed, December 17, 1861, at Lebanon, Ind., 
in company F, Fortieth Indiana volunteer in- 
fantry, and had his first ex-perience in the awful 
events of war in Kentucky, whence he marched 
to Nashville, Tenn., where he was seized with 
an illness that confined him to the military 
hospital for two weeks. On recuperating, he 
rejoined his regiment on the sanguinary field 
of renowned Corinth, Miss., whence his com- 
mand was sent in pursuit of the rebel general, 
Braxton Bragg, who had made quite a repu- 
tation in Mexico, with his "little more grape," 
in his capacity as captain under Zach. Taylor, 
while assisting to add to the expanse of the 
territory of that glorious republic which he 
was now seeking to annihilate. This pursuit 
of the rebel general brought Mr. Dinsmore 
to Louisville, Ky. , after a long and weari- 
some march, and another march of many-hours 
took him to Stone river, where occurred a very 
severe battle that lasted two days. On the 
first day of this baptism of blood and fire 
the Union forces were forced from the field, 
but on the second day Mr. Dinsmore assisted 

in achieving a most glorious victory. Mur- 
freesboro next held the regiment in camp a few 
days, and then a fatiguing march took it to 
the memorable battle of Chattanooga, where, 
after the capture of the city, Mr. Dinsmore 
was placed on guard duty. Here, surrounded 
by rebels, he was engaged in numerous skir- 
mishes and the defense of the city against a 
superior force until relief came to hand. 
Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge were 
the next se\ere engagements in which Mr. 
Dinsmore participated, and nobly he bore his 
part through these historic conflicts. The cam- 
paign through Georgia next tested the en- 
durance and courage of Mr. Dinsmore. At- 
lanta was eventually captured by Gen. \\'il- 
liam Tecumseh Sherman, September 2, 1S64, 
and the torch applied to the city. Thence Mr. 
Dinsmore was sent to the blood\- field of Frank- 
lin, Tenn.. in which he bore a brave and noble 
part, November 30, 1864, and was thence sent 
to Nashville, where he received an honorable 
discharge, and for his valiant military service 
is now receiving a pension of $10 per month 
from the go\ernment. Further reference to 
the family of Mr. Dinsmore will be found in 
the sketches of his brothers. John T. and \\'il- 
liam F. , to be found in close proximity to this 


ruary 20, 1838. in Hendricks county, 
Ind., was but two years of age 
when brought to Boone county by 
his father, who settled the farm on which 
William F. now lives, and of whom further 
details of the family history will be found in 
the biographies of his brothers. John T. and 
Pleasant J., on adjacent pages. William F. 
was reared to the hard work, as well as to the 
enjoyments and independence, of farm life in 
Harrison township, of which he is one of the 


most respected citizens. He received a very 
fair common school education, and availed 
himself to the utmost of its advantages, becom- 
ing a licensed minister of the Baptist church, 
as well as serving fifteen years as moderator — , 
his church work, indeed, extending through a 
period of thirty-eight years. He stands high 
as an example of the Christian gentleman, and 
his ministerial labors have met with the 
decided approbation of his hearers in the num- 
erous churches in which he has preached. In 
politics he is an ardent republican, and he is 
an equally ardent patriot, having enlisted at 
Lebanon, Ind., in August, 1S62, in the war for 
the preservation of the Union. He was first 
sent with his regiment to Cincinnati, Ohio; 
thence to Louisville, Ky. , where he was 
assigned to the pursuit of the rebel Bragg, 
through Kentucky; in the fight at Murfreesboro, 
Tenn., in December, 1862, he was severely 
wounded in his left leg and sent to the hospital. 
His wound was so serious as to disable him for 
further active service, and after being out 
about seventeen months, he was returned to 
his home. From this injury he has never 
recovered and it has been a source of pain and 
ann03-ance ever since. He has received some 
recompense, however, from a grateful country, 
having been granted a pension, at first, of $4 
per month; then of $6, then of $12, then of 
$16, then of $17, and for the past two years 
has been receiving $24. 

Mr. Dinsmore is the owner of a highly 
improved and well ditched farm of 160 acres 
in Harrison township, Boone county, all of 
which, excepting nine acres, is the result of 
his own intelligent labor and well-directed 
efforts, he being universally recognized as a 
model agriculturist. He is a warm advocate 
of good schools and contributes liberally from 
his means to both school and church, and is 
every ready to perform any and every duty per- 
taining to the good citizen. He married Rachel 

P., daughter of Jonas and Elizabeth Charity 
Holmes, and this union has been blessed by 
the birth of the following-named children: 
Jacob H., Elizabeth Charity, Sarah Frances 
(deceased), John William, Mary Etta, Eliza 
A., Clarinda J., Clara Ellen, Dora, Francis 
Marion, Delia A., Senia, Arta, and one 
deceased. Oka. Mr. Dinsmore is a kind and 
indulgent husband and father, greatly beloved 
by his family and respected by his neighbors, 
and is one of the substantial and useful citizens 
of Boone county. 

*"w— ^ ENRY T. DODSOX, who was one of 

B^^V the largest stock buyers and farmers 
I _ r of Boone county, Ind., was born in 
Wayne county, Ky. . ^August 2, 1825. 
His grandfather, George Dodson, was a Bap- 
tist preacher and was born in Mrginia, in 
which state he married Lottie Lockhart, 
moved to Wayne county, Ky., preached there 
many years, and in 1827 brought his wife and 
other members of his family to Boone county, 
Ind., being a pioneer of Eagle Creek township. 
It is thought that he organized the first con- 
gregation of the regular Baptist denomination 
in the eastern part of Boone county, and 
preached in Eage Creek township until super- 
annuated, dying at the age of seventy-five 
years. His only co-laborer in the vineyard of 
the Lord in those early days was a preacher 
named Benjamin Harris, who entered the field 
a very short time after Mr. Dodson's coming. 
Rev. George Dodson and wife were the par- 
ents of eleven children, of whom seven came 
to Indiana and were named Elizabeth, Nancy, 
Minna, Polly, Robert, Thomas and Ruel; the 
names of those remaining in Kentucky have 
passed from memory. 

Thomas Dodson, son of Rev. George Dod- 
son, was born in \'irginia and married in 
Wayne county, Ky, , to Polly, daughter of 


Matthew Morrow, and their offspring were 
seven in number, named George, Henry T., 
James, Jesse, John, Thomas and Fannie. In 
1827, Thomas and his wife and two children 
came also to Boone county and were pioneers 
of Eagle Creek, settling twelve miles south- 
east of what is now Lebanon, where there was 
then no clearing nor any town. He followed 
a track through the woods, as there of course 
were no roads, took up a comfortable home, 
and was the owner of between 200 and 300 
acres, which he divided among his children 
before he died, at the advanced age of ninety- 
two years. He and wife were members of the 
Baptist church, and in politics he was an old- 
line whig. He was venerated as an old settler 
and highly esteemed as a man of solid worth. 
Henry T. Dodson was about eighteen 
months old when brought by his parents to 
Indiana. His brother George was about four 
years old, and the two children and their mother 
came through the woods on horse-back, while 
the father trudged through on foot, which was 
frequently the custom of the pioneers in those 
remote days. Henry T. received his educa- 
tion in the primitive.log school-house erected 
in his neighborhood, and was reared to the 
hard work of clearing and cultivating the 
home farm. October 18, 1847, he married 
Susannah Bishop, who was born in Washing- 
ton county, Va., October 23, 1827, a daughter 
of William and Susannah (Hutton) Bishop. 
Mr. Bishop was also a native of \'irginia, 
was a soldier in the war of 1812, came to 
Boone county, Ind. , in 1835, and settled on 
Eagle creek, with his wife and six children — 
Jane, Edward, Fannie, Elizabeth, Susannah 
and Elias. Mr. and Mrs. Bishop were mem- 
bers of the Methodist church and in politics 
he was a democrat. He was a well-to-do 
farmer, was a man of industry and high 
character, and died at the age of seventy-two 
years, much respected by all who knew him. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Henry T. Dodson have been 
born three children, who grew to maturity, 
and were named Thomas W., Sarah F. , and 
Eliza A., all of whom have been educated in 
the best manner afforded by the schools of the 
district. After his marriage Mr. Dodson con- 
tinued to reside on the old homestead at 
Eagle creek until 1874, adding to his agri- 
cultural pursuits the trading in stock, and was 
in this particular business longer than any 
other man in Boone county. In the last year 
named he settled on his magnificent stock 
farm of 202 acres, one mile from Lebanon, 
which was fully equipped with every con- 
venience for the carrying on of both farming 
and stock growing and improved with a most 
desirable dwelling. He was in all likelihood 
the most extensive stock buyer in Boone 
county, and his name was known, near and 
far, as a dealer of the most scrupulous in- 
tegrity. Mr. and Airs. Dodson are respected 
members of the Methodist church and are 
quite liberal in their donations to all chari- 
table and meritorious objects. In politics he is 
a stanch democrat, but has never been an 
office seeker, preferring that others should per- 
form public functions while he himself should 
devote his time to the vocations in which he 
had been so successful through life and in 
which he won so enviable a reputation with 
his friends and neighbors of Boone county. 
He retired from active business in 1S90. 

>^AMES F. DOWNING is one of the old 
4 and substantial farmers of Clinton town- 
A 1 ship, Boone county, Ind. His father 
was James Downing, born in 1784, in 
Donegal county, Ireland. He was reared a 
Catholic, and owned a copy of the "Doua}" 
Bible, published by authority of the pope, 
from the "Douay" university, bears date of No- 
vember S, 1609, and is in good preservation, 



and highly prized by the family. He crossed 
the ocean in 1S19, landing in New York. He 
was educated to the business of a gardener, 
and was a fine botanist as well. He married 
at Providence, R. I., Avis Giddings, who was 
born in 1795 near Devires, England, and her 
religious teachings were those of a Presbyte- 
rian. She emigrated about two years later 
than her husband, landing at Providence, R. I. 
They settled in Queens county. Long Island. 
at "Hell Gate," where he followed his garden- 
ing business, as well as fruit growing. Their 
children were all born in the state of New 
York, and were named as follows: John G. . 
who served in the Civil war: Edward, wh'-> 
died at the close of the war; James P., Eliza- 
beth J., and Mary M. Except Edward, all 
are li\ing and married. Mr. Downing deter- 
mined to try the west, so he started Xo\'em- 
ber, 1833, with his family, ha\ing one horse 
and an ox team, and was eleven months on 
the way, landing here October 11. 1S34. He 
entered 120 acres of land in what is now Clin- 
ton township and accumulated eighty acres 
more. The Indians had just left for their reser- 
vation, and Mr. Downing and James tore 
down some of their huts that stood on the 
banks of Terrapin creek. There was just one 
house between that stream and Brown's \\'on- 
der. He was politically a democrat. His 
death occurred in February, 1S68, aged eighty- 
three; that of his wife in 1S79, aged the same 
as her husband. Both were buried in the Me- 
chanicsburg cemetery, Boone county, Ind. 

James F. Downing was born January 17. 
1S27, on Long Island, eight miles from the 
city of New York. He was taught to work 
almost from the first, and as his father wa.s. a 
gardener, James made three trips a week with 
produce for the markets of New York city, six- 
teen miles constituting a round trip. After 
moving to this county with his parents, he 
picked and burned bush, and assisted in clear- 

ing what was then a wilderness. When the 
weather was inclement he attended the sub- 
scription school, which was held in the log 
school-house. When he was of age he still 
lived with his parents, caring for them, as the 
other children left home to do for themselves; 
he sacrificed his feelings and prospects to do 
his duty to his parents. When James F. was 
forty-one years of age he married, April 28, 
1 868, Mary A. Witham of Warren county, 
Ohio, who was forty years old. This mar- 
riage has been blessed with two children : 
Lillie M., born May 9, 1870; Sylvester W. , 
born September 10,1871. He was a member 
of Terrapin grange. No. 424, and he is also a 
stanch republican. He owns 200 acres of 
land, seventy-five being in timber, but the 
rest is under a good state of cultivation. He 
has a fine residence, which cost over $2,000; a 
good barn, and all the buildings that denote a 
prosperous farmer. Years ago he dre\^■ wheat 
by wagon to La Fayette, some thirt\--seven 
miles distant, and now he has a good gravel 
road and several good markets not far distant. 
His health is not good, for in his strong man- 
hood he was a great worker, and helped to 
clear 100 acres of heavy timber. 

The early life of Mr. and Mrs. Downing 
was spent in the log cabin, with puncheon 
floor, clapboard roof, and clay chimney. The 
family have a hammer that shows the many 
hard hits that it gave, as well as a workbasket 
that was brought with the family from New 
York state. Mrs. Downing has her grand- 
father's wedding stockings, made of silk, 
figured, and worn with knee breeches. Also 
his father's cane of bamboo, that is very old. 
.All these relics are highly prized and well 
cared for. Mary A. Witham was born Decem- 
ber 28, 1827, in \\'arren county, Ohio, on a 
farm. She is a believer in the Universalist 
doctrine. She is a good and faithful helpmate 
and has done a mother's duty. Her mother's 



name was Mercy He.aton, born in 1803, died 
in 1879. Her fathfr was born in 1801 in 
Warren county, Ohio, married in 1823, died 
1864, and their children were Sarah; William 
H., who died August, 1893; Mary A., Rebec- 
ca, Robert M., Sylvester, killed in the late 
war; Ennis, Martha E., who died at twelve 
years of age, and Flavius J., in the Civil war. 
Her parents are buried in Mason cemetery, 
Warren county, Ohio. Robert Witham, her 
grandfather, was born in Connecticut, was a 
farmer, and lived to be eighty-six years old; 
married Sarah Woodruff, who was born in 
Pennsylvania, was about thirty when she mar- 
ried, and died aged seventy-seven. In War- 
ren county her parents owned 330 acres of 
land. In his early manhood he took a kettle, 
built a fire in a stump, cooked his own meals, 
and cleared his land. He was a great hunter 
and delighted to tell his children his hunting 
stories. Their children were William, Han- 
nah R. , Mary, Betsey, Rachael, died early; 
James, Samuel; six lived to be married. On 
the maternal side the grandparents were 
Daniel Heaton, his wife being Annie Young, 
who was born in New Jersey, and lived to be 
seventy-seven. This union was blessed with 
Rebecca, Rachael, Abigail, Mercy, William. 
She, being widowed, married Frederick Briney, 
and had three children," Daniel, Mary, and 
Frederick. She has the old note and hymn 
book with the " buckwheat system," which is 
considered much of an heir-loom. 

t^^^ AVID D. DOYAL, a leading citizen, 
I I official and farmer of Perry township, 
/^^^ Boone county, Ind. , is a nativ,e of 
the township named and was born 
August 4, 1845, a son of John N. and Matilda 
(Howard) Doyal, both natives of Lewis county, 
Ky. John N. was born in 180 1 and was a son 
of John and Christena (Davis) Doyal; Matilda 

was born February 27, 1 807, and their marriage 
took place May 27, 1830. Their parents came 
from Kentucky to Perry township in 1S40, and 
John entered 160 acres in what was then a 
wilderness but from which he redeemed an ex- 
cellent farm. He was a prominent man so- 
cially, and in politics a democrat; he served as 
township trustee two years, was justice of the 
peace eighteen years, and assessor two years; 
he was industrious and thrifty, and added to 
his land until he owned 360 acres. He and 
wife were devoted members of the Christian 
church, in which faith he died Januar\" 6, 1 886, 
and was followed by his wife June 16, 1S86. 
Their five children were named as follows: 
Amanda, widow of A. Frazee, of Perry town- 
ship; Samuel H., count\- judge of Frankfort, 
Clinton county, Ind.; John L. , died in the 
Seventh Indiana volunteers, at the battle of 
the Wilderness; David D , whose name cipens 
this sketch, and Emily Q , deceased. 

David D. Doyal was reared on the farm 
on which he was born and on which he still 
resides, and received a very good common- 
school education. At the age of twenty-one 
years he began business on his own account, 
but remained with his father until the latter's 
death. In 1880 he married, in Boone county. 
Miss Maggie Raider, who was born in Cincin- 
nati, Ohio, in 1854, a daughter of George and 
Margaret Raider, the former of whom was 
killed by accident when Maggie was but two 
years of age. To Mr. and Mrs. Doyal have 
been born five children, named as follows: 
George, Everett, Luella, John W, and Sarah. 
Mrs. Doyal is a consistent member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, and in politics 
Mr. Doyal is a democrat, and under the aus- 
pices of that party was elected township trust- 
ee in April, 1888, and so satisfactorily did he 
perform the functions of the office, that he has 
been re-elected each term since, and has prob- 
ably done more good work for the township 




than any one who had preceded him in the office. 
July 17, 1S84, while Me. Doyal was riding on 
a reaper, his horses ran away and he had a leg 
broken and was otherwise seriously injured; 
what he has, however, is the result of his own 
hard labor, and he now owns a highly improved 
farm of 233 acres, unsurpassed by any other 
in the township in skillful management. Mr. 
Doyal, fraternally, is a Freemason, being a 
member of the blue lodge and of the chapter; 
he is also a member of the Improved Order of 
Red Men, and_ was formerly member of a lodge 
of the I. O. O. F., which is now defunct. So- 
cially, he and his estimable lady maintain a 
high position in Perry and the surrounding 


ILLIAM G. DOYLE, one of the 
-to-do and enterprising farmers 
of Harrison township, Boone county, 
Ind., was born in' Pittsburg, Pa., 
December 25, 1842, and springs f^om sterling 
Scotch-Irish stock. His father, Henry Doyle, 
was also a native of Pennsylvania, but removed 
to Ohio when a young married man, and thence 
to Indiana, where he first located in Bartholo- 
mew county, but later settled in Johnson county, 
where he died at a good old age, having lost 
his wife, Mary (Green) Doyle, many years 
previously. They were the parents of seven 
children, who were born in the following order: 
Adam, Sarah, \\'illiam G., Samuel S., Mary, 
Henry and Thomas I. Of this family William 
G. Doyle came to Bartholomew county with 
his parents and early hired to William Ely, 
with whom he worked until the Civil war 
broke out. when he was among the first, to 
enlist, in Johnson county, in response to his 
country's call for volunteers, the date of his 
enlistment being August 12, 1861, in company 
C. Twenty-seventy Indiana infantry. He was 
first sent to Camp Morton, at Indianapolis, 

and was thence dispatched to Washington, D. 
C. , but between Lyons and Massillon, Ohio, 
the train ran over a cow, and was thrown down 
a steep embankment, one car of horses and 
four cars of men going down and four men 
being killed outright and many wounded. This 
was his first experience of the dangers pertain- 
ing to war. After drilling a month in the 
national capital, his regiment was marched to 
Ball's Bluff, but did not reach the ground in 
time to take part in the fight on that field. 
Hence they went to Harper's Ferry and then 
to Winchester, where Jackson was defeated by 
Shields. At Dog Town Mr. Doyle rendered 
valiant and effective service for the Thirteenth 
Indiana, which was surrounded, and but for this 
aid would have been captured. At Shenan- 
doah valley the gallant Twenty-seventh, on a 
retreat, was ordered back to rescue a wagon 
train, which it succeeded in doing, but lost 
everything else. They then crossed the 
Potomac river into Maryland, and in this passage 
Mr. Doyle received a flesh wound in the leg, 
which, though painful, did not necessitate his 
going to the hospital; at the battle of Slaughter 
Mountain, August 9, 1862, in a three hours' strug- 
gle several men in Mr. Doyle's company w'ere 
wounded; soon after this, Mr. Doyle barely 
escaped death in blowing up a Federal provis- 
ion train, to prevent its falling into the hands 
of the enemy; they next reached Bull Run 
about sundown on the day of the first battle, 
and had a half hour's fight. September 14, 
1862, they were at South Mountain just in 
time to see the end of the battle; on the 17th 
reached Antietam, where the line of battle was 
seven miles long, and here Mr. Doyle was shot 
through the right wrist and sent to the hospital, 
but refused to have his hand aUiputated, and 
the surgeon refused to bind up the wound; Mr. 
Doyle was then transferred to Washington 
and thence to David's Island, N. Y. , where, 
after a confinement in hospital eight months, 


he was discharged for incapacity to perforin 
further duty, and on the day he started for 
home was seized with small-pox, but did not 
know what ailed him till he reached his desti- 
nation. From this disorder he lost his left 
eye, and his right was greatly weakened. For 
his gallant services, Mr. Doyle is now receiving 
a pension of $24 per month. 

Mr. Doyle is married to Susannah Bozell, 
daughter of George and Elizabeth (McKibben) 
Bozell. Mr. Bozell was one of the wealthiest 
farmers of Bartholomew county, Ind., his 
farm comprising 600 acres He and his wife 
were members of the Missionary Baptisf 
church, which they aided by all means in their 
power. Robert Mcl\ibben, the grandfather 
of Mrs. Doyle, was a patriot in the war of 
1 812, and both branches of the family were 
greatly respected in their communities. Mr. 
and Mrs. Doyle came to reside in Boone 
county, Ind., in 1888, and bought their 
present farm of 120 acces, which has been- 
placed under a high state of cultivation and 
otherwise greatly improved. Mrs. Doyle is 
a member of the Baptist church, and has 
borne her husband the following children; 
Mollie, Cora, George B., Harvey F., William 
G., Albert H., and Elizabeth— all living. Mr. 
Doyle is an honored member of the G. A. R., 
and stands deservedly high as a citizen, farmer 
and soldier. 

Thorntown, Boone county, Ind., is a 
native of Putnam county, in the same 
state, and was born November 19, 
1839. His parents were William and Mary 
(Douglass) Dunnington, the former of whom 
was born in that part of Virginia now known 
as West Virginia, in June, 1 806, and was a 
son of Reuben Dunnington, a native of the 
same county and state, and a farmer and 

stockman of considerable note. Reuben Dun- 
nington was the father of seven children, who 
are all now deceased. They were born in the 
following order, and were named John, Reuben, 
William, Joshua, Palatiah, Henley and Lottie. 
The family' were of Scotch Presbyterian stock 
and possessed all the virtues of that sturdy 
race, which necessarily gave them the position 
in society which the e.xercise of those virtues 
always brings. William Dunnington, one of 
the children born to Reuben and enumerated 
among the family of seven mentioned above, 
was reared in Knoxville, Tenn., to which place 
his parents had removed in iSiS, and there 
was taught tanning. About 1S32 he came to 
L'nion count}-, Ind. , where, for a few years, 
he followed his trade, and then moved to Put- 
nam county, where he lived until 1856, when 
he moved to Morgan county, where he was 
engaged in another branch of business until 
1S65, when he removed to the neighborhood of 
Stilesville, Hendricks county, where he died 
in Februar}-, 1S70. The marriage of ^^'illiam 
Dunnington to Mary Douglass occurred in Put- 
nam county, Ind.. in 1S34. She was a native 
of Kentucky, and daughter of Hugh Douglass. 
The children born to Wdliam and Mary num- 
bered eight, and were named John W., An- 
drew, Hugh, Emeline. W. W., E. M., Eliza 
and Reuben C. The mother of this family 
was called away in April, 1845. 
' Andrew Dunnington was reared in Putnam 

and Morgan counties, Ind., and after receiv- 
ing his preparatory education in the Green- 
castle school, and the Friends' academy at 
Mooresville, Morgan county, attended Asbury 
university, now Depauw university, and next 
studied medicine under Dr. Green, of Stiles- 
ville, Monroe county, Ind., for three years; 
he then attended the university at Ann 
Arbor, Mich., from which he graduated in 
the spring of 1S66. His first eighteen months' 
practice was with his former jireceptor. Dr. 



Green, at Stilesville, and then, tor the period 
of fifteen years he conducted a most success- 
ful practice at Cloverdale, Putnam, county. 
In 1S82 he located in Thorntown, Ind., 
where he practiced until the spring of 1S91, 
and then for a year had charge of the 
Keelev institute at Plainfield; thence he went 
to Frankfort, Ind , where he remained until 
the spring of 1894, when he made a final settle- 
ment in Tliorntown. On the twenty-third day 
of May, 1S72, the doctor married, at Danville, 
Ind. , Mary Helen Cash, who was born in that 
city January 8, 1846, a daughter of Coleman 
and James (Chambers) Cash, and b}- this 
union became the father of two children, 
viz: Gertrude Lucille and Guy W. The 
doctor and his wife are consistent members 
of the Methodist Episcopal church and in 
politics he is a republican; he is also a mem- 
ber of the I. O. O. F. and of the Masonic 
fraternity. He has been most successful in 
his general practice as physician, but is 
chiefly renowned as a specialist in catarrhal 
and throat troubles, in the treatment of 
which he has no superior in the county of 

^>^.\TRICK HENRY DUTCH, prosecut- 
1 W ingattorney of Lebanon, Boone county, 
M Ind., and one of the leading law\ers 

of the county, descends from a very 
okl ante-Revolutionary family of Salem, Mass. 
Capt. Ezra J., subject's father, was born in 
Salem, was a captain of a merchantman dur- 
ing the war of 181 2, and was taken prisoner 
on the high seas, and he and his vessel taken 
to the Bermudas. John Dutch, brother- of 
Ezra J., subject's father, was the owner of 
this vessel. Both of these gentlemen later 
entered the American marine service and 
served until the close of the war of i 8 1 2. John 
was shot in the forehead, but lived to be an 

old man, and died wealthy at Virginia, Cass 
county, 111. He was never paid for his cap- 
tured vessel until the administration of Jackson 
held power. On the maternal side, among 
the ancestors of our subject. Col. Jones served 
in the army throughout the war of the Revo- 
lution. Ezra J. Dutch led a sea-faring life for 
twenty-four \-ears, and accumulated a fortune, 
being a ship owner. He married on Long 
Island, N. Y., Matilda Thorington, and had 
brtrn to him a family of eleven children, includ- 
ing Patrick Henry. For some time after his 
marriage he resided in Philadelphia and in 
Burlington, X. J., and in 1835 went to Cin- 
cinnati, and then to Cape Girardeau, Mo., and 
engaged in the preparation 01 dried beef for 
the South American trade, in company with 
Richard Spates, doing a proiitable business 
until 1S36, when he moved to Cass county, 
111., where he bought a large tract of land and 
engaged in farming, being a pioneer of the 
county, with his nearest neighbor three and a 
half miles distant. In politics he was first a 
federalist, and then an old-time whig, and un- 
der President Taylor was appointed postmaster 
of Beardstown, 111., but died in 1849 at the 
age of sixty-three years, without entering upon 
the office. He had been oti'ered a colonelcy in 
the Me.xican war, in the regiment in which 
Gen. Hardin was colonel, and iri which the 
latter was killed, but declined acceptance. 
Capt. Dutch and wife were devout members 
of the Presb_\ terian church, and in this denom- 
ination the captain was a ruling elder for many 
_\-ears. He early became a Freemason, was a 
man of good education, and was master of 
several languages, including Spanish; he was 
most highly respected, and was one of Cass 
county's most influential citizens and an im- 
portant factor in its growth and the promo- 
tion of its general prosperity. 

Patrick H. Dutch, son of the above and 
the subject proper o' this sketch, was born 


in Cass count}-, 111., on his father's farm, 
Au"iist 14, 1S37. He received his prelimi- 
nary education in the common schools of 
his district, and finished it at the high 
school of Beardstown; this literary course was 
supplemented by attendance at Asbury (now 
DePauw) university, at Greencastle, Ind., 
where he studied law and theology. He 
tau},'ht school for some time in Warren county, 
Ind., with much success, and in 1857 was re- 
ceived on trial in the Northwest Indiana con- 
ference as a Methodist preacher; for four years 
he traveled in this capacity through the 
counties of Tippecanoe, Benton, Montgomery, 
Pcirlor and Brown, and during this interval, on 
April 6th, 1858, he married Mary A. Stoddard, 
daiif;l>tcr of Daniel and Mary A. (Sparks) 
Stoddard — the former a wealthy farmer of 
Montgomery county, Ind., but a native of 
New York state. To this felicitous union 
have been born twelve children, viz; Daniel, 
(died 1S60); Patrick H., Jr., who died in 1881; 
Frank S., Caroline, Matilda M. , Winton A , 
James S., Lewis. Nellie, John J., Chester A. 
and Edwin J. In the fall of i860 Mr. Dutch 
settlotl in Thorntown, Boone county, Ind., as 
a Methodist parson and soon reached a promi- 
nent position. In 1866 he was admitted to 
the bur, and at once began the practice of his 
profession, in which he achieved an enviable 
reputation and was favored with a lucrative 
patronage until December 6, 1892, when he 
removed to Lebanon an.d assumed the duties 
of prosecuting attorney, to which office he had 
been elected the previous November. He has 
been connected with many famous cases in 
Boone county and elsewhere, through which 
he Iws reached his present distinguished -posi- 
tion. Mr. Dutch has taken an active interest 
in the public schools of Boone county, and for 
years has been connected with the old Thorn- 
town academy, as well as for three years a 
member of the school board. In politics he is 

a republican, and is always active in advanc- 
ing the interests of his party, \\hose principles 
he thinks to be best adapted to promote the 
welfare of the country, and he is ever ready, 
by all means in his power, to advance its suc- 
cess at the polls. He was a member of the re- 
publican township committee during the Blaine 
campaign, and no man did more arduous work 
than he in local endeavors to attain a sup- 
remacy for the republicans during that cam- 
paign, disastrous as was the result to the general 
ticket. Mr. Dutch is an able orator and a 
finished lawyer, and few men in the state, 
with his practice, can get as close to a jury, or 
reach its heart as well as its understanding, as 
he. Mrs. Dutch, like her husband, is a 
zealous member of the Methodist church, and 
the family sustain the closest relations with 
the members of the best society of Boone 

Sp* ELAND M. E.\TON, a representative 
I r farmer and popular citizen of Clinton 
I J township. Boone county, Ind., was 
born February 17, 1833. His father 
was William Eaton, who was born in 1S03 in 
Kentucky, and who married Sarah Fipps, 
who was born in 1805 in Virginia, but who 
moved to Kentucky. They were blessed with 
twelve children — James A., William, Thomas, 
Leland M., Charles. Wesley, Henry, Robert, 
Sarah, Elizabeth. Lydia and Harriet, several of 
whom are now living and married. He was a 
man who educated himself by hard knocks, 
and, being full of energy, secured a cart and 
o.\-team, and landed where the city of Indian- 
apolis now stands. After working for a time 
on adjacent farms he entered eighty acres ten 
j miles north and east of Indianapolis, where he 
j raised his large family. He was a republican, 
j but had been an old-line whig. He and wife 
1 were members of the Baptist church, in which 


he served for many years as deacon. They 
were very industrious and highly respected citi- 
zens. The wife had her hands tied with 
many cares, such as carding, spinning and 
weaving, making the clothing for the entire 
family. He died at the age of seventy-three 

Leland M. Eaton was married to Ruan 
Eaton in Hendricks county; she was born in 
1840, September 4. This union was blessed 
with the following children : William, 
Mahala E., Eva, Flora, Lillie, Dora, Lola, 
Resa, Tyre and May. Mrs. Ruan Eaton was 
a very domestic lady, an ardent Baptist, and 
died July 10, 1869. Mr. Eaton was ne.xt mar- 
ried to Mrs. Lovina (Caldwell) \'oorhis, March 
22, 1893. She was born February 15, 1845, 
and received the common school education of 
those days, in Hendricks county. She was 
married to Smith Voorhis July 14, 1870, by 
whom there were two children born, Marion 
R. and Flora M. Her ancestors were as fol- 
lows : The grandmother on the mother's side 
was Rebecca Abrams. who lived to a ripe old 
age. Her grandfather was James Caldwell, 
whose wife was Catherine. He died at eighty- 
three, she at fifty-five years. Richard Green 
Caldwell, her father, was born in 1819, mar- 
ried, in 1844, to Editha Abrams, settled in the 
northeast corner of Hendricks county, on 
eigthy acres, and here they have reared their 
family, whose names and dates of birth fol- 
low : Lovina, February 15, i 845 ; James \V. , 
December 14, 1846; Rebecca, September 23, 
184S; William H., June 30, 1850; Margaret, 
March 9, 1852; Oliver, March 14, 1854; Mary 
J., January 7, 1857; Thomas A., February 
19. 1859; Sarah L. , February 23, 1861; 
Richard G. , January 26, 1863. Mrs. Editha 
Caldwell died at the early age of thirty-nine 
years. Mr. L. M. Eaton began his married life 
as a renter on a farm, which for six years he 
continued. He then purchased twenty-five 

acres, which he sold, moving to Boone county, 
Clinton township, where he secured eighty acres 
of his present farm. He has been prominent- 
ly connected with the tile industry, having 
erected and operated two factories. He con- 
ducts a general farming business and makes it 
pay. He has good comfortable buildings, 
and a garden spot of a farm. He is an earnest 
republican, a member of the Elizaville Horse 
Thief Detective association, as well as being 
a non-affiliating member of the L O. O. F. 

^y^ETER ELLIOTT, one of the most 
1 M respected farmers and stock-raisers of 
£ Sugar Creek township, Boone county, 

Ind., is a native of Randolph county, 
N. C. His birth took place January 31, 1826. 
His parents were Nathan and Sarah (Rich) 
Elliott. Nathan Elliott was also born in Ran- 
dolph county, X. C, the date of his birth 
being October 22, 1802. The parents of 
Nathan were Obediah and Sarah (Chamness) 
Elliott, also natives of the Old North state. 
Obediah was a wagon-maker, and a good one. 
He came to Indiana in 1834 and settled in . 
Sugar Creek township, Boone county, and fol- 
lowed his trade until his death in 1837, his 
wife, Sarah, following in 1839, and both being 
laid to their final rest in Sugar Plain cemetery. 
Their eight children were named Lydia, Han- 
nah, Obediah. Ephraim, Sarah, Nathan, Eliz- 
abeth and Abigail, all of whom have passed to 
a land where there is no toil, all dying in a 
faith founded on a sound philosophy — not 
superstition — and usually called that of the 
Society of Friends. Nathan Elliott, one of 
the above enumerated children of Obediah and 
father of Peter Elliott, the subject proper of 
this biographical record, was a farmer by occu- 
pation until the age of twenty-two, his work 
being confined to the home farm. He then 
embarked in business for himself, and added 


to his knowledge of agriculture that of milling 
and carpentry. Nathan Elliott was also a 
minister and traveled extensively in that capa- 
city in the states and Canada. In 1825 he 
married Sarah Rich, and to this union were 
born five children, named as follows: Peter, 
whose name opens this notice; Malinda, wife 
of E. S. Woody, of Iowa; George, Bettie and 
Annis, all three deceased. Mrs. Sarah (Rich) 
Elliott died in 1834, and January 8, 1835, 
Nathan Elliott married Catharine Woody, a 
native of Alamance county, N. C, born De- 
cember 8, 1806, the. daughter of Samuel and 
Eleanor (Hadley) Woody. Later, in the jear 
1835, Nathan Elliott and his family came to 
Sugar Creek township, Boone county, Ind., 
and bought the farm of 160 acres, where his 
son, Peter, now resides, and near where he 
died in 1876, his remains being interred in 
Sugar Plain cemetery. 

Peter Elliott was reared to practical farm- 
ing on the home farm, in the meanwhile at- 
tending the public schools, and for two terms 
at the high school at Bloomingdale, -Parke 
county; he then taught school ten terms, aver- 
aging four months to the term. At the age of 
twenty-eight years. May 15, 1854, he married, 
in Hendricks county, Ind., Abigail Kersey, 
who was born in North Carolina, September 
14, 1S29, the daughter of James and Elizabeth 
(Hodson) Kersey, the former of whom was a 
physician and farmer. Four children resulted 
from this union and were named James, de- 
ceased; Sarah, married to J. Stewart, Mont- 
gomery county, Ind.; Marietta, deceased; and 
an infant that died unnamed. The mother of 
these children was called away May 28, 1S63, 
and the next marriage of Mr. Elliott took 
place September 16, 1868, to Eliza Brown, a 
native of Montgomery county, Ind., born Feb- 
ruary 7, 1S32. This lady is the daughter of 
Elijah and Nancy (Brown) Cox, and has borne 
her husband three children, viz. : George, 

Mark and Enos. The family are all members 
of the Society of Friends, and lead the lives 
inculcated through the teachings of that soci- 
ety. A handsome and well improved farm of 
ninety acres is sufficient for their support, and 
Mr. Elliott's skill as a stock grower adds ma- 
terially to his income. In politics he is a re- 
publican, and for ten years was an overseer in 
the religious order to which he belongs. 


the older and respected citizens of 
Boone county, Mr. Epperson ranks 
among the first. He comes from old 
colonial American stock of English descent. 
His grandfather, John Epperson, was born in 
\'irginia and was a pioneer in Kentucky con- 
temporaneous with Daniel Boone. He mar- 
ried and made his residence in Shelby county, 
Ky., and of the fruit of this union Daniel, 
John, Francis and Elizabeth are remembered. 
Mr. Epperson died in Kentucky an aged man. 
He was a farmer, member of the Baptist 
church, and an industrious, hard-working, 
pioneer citizen, much respected by the old 
settlers. Francis Epperson, the father of our 
subject, was born in Shelby county, Ky., and 
reared among the pioneers. He married, in 
that county, Tabitha, daughter of Reuben and 
Elizabeth (Roberts) Redding. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Epperson were born eight children — 
William, Nancy, Daniel. Willis, Bradford, 
Elizabeth, Polly and Juriah. In 1826 Mr. 
Epperson moved to Putnam county, Ind., 
settling in the woods, \\here he built a log 
cabin, and cleared up a good farm. He then 
sold out and bought a farm south of Ladoga, 
in Putnam county, where he died at the age 
seventy-four years. He was an able and indus- 
trious farmer, held the respect of the people 
and reared \ good family of children. In 
political opinions Mr. Epperson was a Jack- 


sonian democrat, and he and wife were con- 
sistent and devout members of the Regular 
Baptist church. 

Bradford Epperson, son of above and the 
subject of this sketch, was born in Shelb}- 
county, Ky., on his father's farm, October 21, 
1 8 19, and was but seven years of age when he 
came with his parents to Putnam county, Ind. 
He attended the pioneer subscription school of 
his day, held in an old log cabin with split 
logs for ;eats, and here he learned to read and 
write, and enough arithmetic for the practi- 
purposes of a pioneer. He followed the busi- 
ness of saw and grist milling when young. In 
I<S44, January 19, our subject married in 
Iro(iuois county, Ills., Satilla, daughter of Dr. 
Eli and Delilah (Adams) Badd. Dr. Budd 
was from an old American family, and prac- 
ticed medicine many years in Parke county, 
Ind., but moved to Iroquois county. Ills. — 
near Springfield — where he died. He was an 
honorable citizen and an able ph3sician. He 
and wife were the parents of the following 
children: Marcus, Eli S., Elliot, David, 
Satilla, Perrilla and Merrillo. After marriage 
Mr. Epperson lived one year in Illinois and 
then returned, with wif..-, to Putnam county, 
Ind., remaining a short time, and then went 
to Hendricks county, and engaged in the mill- 
ing business with his father, in which they con- 
tinued eight years, doing a good business in 
all kinds of mill work. Our subject then 
settled in Boone county, about 1S34, upon 
106 acres in Center township. In 186S he 
came to his present farm, which is pleasantly 
situated two miles from Lebanon, is well 
improved with substantial buildings — and here 
Mr. Epperson has elected to spend the remain- 
der of his days in the well earned peace of an 
honorable, industrious and self-respecting life. 
'He has always been well known as a moral, 
temperate and hard-working man. He is in 
favor of good schook and has given all his 

children the advantages of a good education. 
These are William, Charles, Josephine, Nancy, 
Tabitha and Perrilla, who are all well settled 
in Boone county, except Delilah, who resides 
in Kansas. Mr. and Mrs. Epperson are both 
members of the Christian church and he is a 
democrat politicalH'. He is a member of the 
Masonic fraternity — Boone lodge. No. 9, 
Lebanon. Mr. Epperson has reared one of 
ihe most respected families in Boone county. 
The sons are law-abiding citizens and valued 
members of the community. 

HOMAS B. EVANS, of Center town- 
ship, Boone county, Ind., is one of 
the most practical, progressive and 
successful farmers of this township. 
He is of Welsh-Irish stock and is of the third 
generation in .America. His grandfather, Da- 
\id Evans, on coming from \\'ales, settled on 
land in Pennsylvania, in 17S4, and was mar- 
ried to Susannah Sayers, in 1790, at the 
bride's home in New Jersey, after which they 
lived in Washington county. Pa., where he 
f'jllowed farming, and, being fond of hunting, 
was considered a good marksman. Later, in 
the year 1805. they emigrated to Pickaway 
county, Ohio. he died in 1827, the 
father of seven sons, named Lemuel, John, 
David, Evan, Jonathan, Aaron, and Samuel. 
With her famil\\ Mrs. Evans moved from 
Ohio to Henr\" county, Ind., in 1836, and died 
in the fall of the same year. David Evans, 
the father of this family, served his adopted 
country in the war of 1S12, and his flint-lock 
musket is still held in the possession of his de- 
scendants as a cherished relic of their ances- 
tor's patriotism. David Evans lived to be 
quite an aged man and died in Pickaway county, 
Ohio. Evan Evans, son of David, and father 
of Thomas B. Evans, the subject of our sketch, 
was born on his father's farm in Pickaway 


county, Ohio, August 12, iSoi. received as 
good an education as the common-schools of 
his day afforded, and married, in Ohio, Jane 
Bell, who bore four children that lived to ma- 
turity and were named, in order of birth, Jona- 
than, Evan A., Margaret J. and Thomas. B. 
After his marriage, Evan Evans passed ten 
years in the state of Pennsylvania, and then, 
in 1834 or 1835, came to Indiana, and entered 
760 acres in Boone county, on part of which 
his son, Thomas B., now resides. This land 
was heavily timbered, but by diligence and 
hard work Mr. Evans succeeded in clear- 
ing up one of the best farms in Center 
township. Mr. and Mrs. Evans were pious 
members of the Baptist church, in which he 
was a deacon for many years, and in politics 
he was a democrat. He was a most success- 
ful farmer, was an honorable gentleman, and 
died in 1888, at the advanced age of eighty- 
seven years. 

Thomas B. Evans, the subject proper of this 
biographical notice, was born, in 1841, on the 
farm he now owns and occupies in Center town- 
ship, Boone county. He received the ordinary 
schooling usually accorded to farm lads, the 
chief attention of his younger days being de- 
voted to agriculture and the care of the home 
farm, thus becoming an expert and scientific 
farmer. At the age of twenty-four, August 1 1, 
1864, he married Nancy J., daughter of Will- 
iam and Mary (Copeland) Cobb, and to this 
harmonious union have been born four chil- 
dren, in the following order: Florence J., 
Melya, Sylvia L. and Lenora D. As was his 
father, Mr. Evans is a stanch democrat, but 
is such from principle, and not for emolument 
or- official position. Mrs. Evans is an active 
and devoted member of the Christian church, 
and her daily walk through life shows the sin- 
cerity of her faith in the doctrines and the 
teachings of that religious denomination. Mr. 
Evans is a believer in agricultural progression. 

and his farm of 320 acres is in all probability 
the best improved and most highly cultivated 
of any in Center township, if not in Boone 
county. He works it scientifically, brings to 
bear in its cultivation the lessons learned from 
his long e.xperience and close observation, and 
every year enhances its value, instead of al- 
lowing it to depreciate. It is underdrained, 
probably, by more rods of tiling than any other 
farm of its size in the county, and its outward 
conveniences and adornments are unequaled, 
his farm buildings being especially attractive, 
convenient and substantial. His dwelling is an 
ornamental and pleasant place of residence, and 
all things show the controlling power of a 
master hand and an experience supplemented 
with good taste and a wise lookout toward the 
ulterior end to be attained — profit. Mr. Evans 
is a thoroughly honorable man, and is imbued 
with all those gracious qualities of benevolent 
tendencies which make his fellow-citizens 
happy and himself respected. 

prominent farmer of Sugar Creek 
township, Boone county, Ind., is 
"native here, and to the maiwr 
born." his birth having tf.ken place October 7, 
1850. His parents were David and Abigail 
(La Follette) Ferguson, of whom the former 
was born near Liberty, Union county, Ind., 
March 2, 1S14, and the latter in Harrison 
county, Ky. , November 25, 1S13, their mar- 
riage taking place in Putnam county, Ind., 
July 5. 1S38. They were members of the 
regular Baptist church, and were highly 
esteemed by the members of that religious or- 
ganization, and respected by all who knew 
them. Their parents first removed to Jeffer- 
son township, Boone county, Ind., in the fall" 
of 1S38, and then settled in Sugar Creek 
township, same county, in 1857, and bought a 


farm of 120 acres, to which the}- added until 
they owned 320 acres, and on this farni, the 
present home of Robert J. Ferguson, the 
father died October iS, 1876, and the mother 
April 14, 1SS8. They were the parents of 
three children, viz: Mary J., Eliza A. and 
Robert J. Ferguson. David Ferguson was a 
successful man through life, and his estate, at 
death, was valued at $25,000. He never had 
a law suit, being honest to the core and treat- 
ing all business relations with promptness and 
liberality. In politics he wis a democrat. 

Robert J Ferguson, beside becoming a 
practical farmer, was well educated at the dis- 
trict school. He remained with his parents 
until their death, and he and his sisters are still 
on the old homestead, which now comprises 
380 acres, nearly all in one body. Mr. Fer- 
guson makes a specialty of thoroughbred 
horses, derived from the "Smuggler" and 
".Wilkes" stock and other distinguished 
families. In politics Mr. Ferguson is a dem- 
ocrat, and in religion he and his sisters are 
faithful believers in the Baptist doctrine, and 
are all highly respected by their neighbors and 

>-t'OHX C FERREE.— As the name indi- 
J cates, the gentleman whose name intro- 
/• 1 duces this biography is of French de- 
scent. His great-grandfather came from 
the old country in an early day and settled in 
one of the Atlantic states, where William Fer- 
ree, the grandfather, for many years a resident 
of North Carolina, was born. After her hus- 
band's death the wife of William Ferree came 
to Indiana, where she made her home with 
her son John; at the time of moving to this 
state she owned a number of slaves, whom, on 
account of her religious convictions, being a 
member of the Society of Friends, she gener- 
ously liberated John Ferree, father of John 

C, was a native of North Carolina, born in 
the year 1795, and married in his native state 
Priscilla Ward. In 1 82 1 he emigrated to Ran- 
dolph county, Ind., later moved to the county 
of Morgan, where he entered government land 
and purchased other real estate. He disposed 
of his interests in Morgan county in j 858 and 
emigrated to Iowa, where he purchased a farm 
upon which his death subsequently occurred; 
the following are the names of his children: 
\\'illiam, Daniel and Ebaline, all three of whom 
died while young; Henderson, Sallie, Priscilla, 
Susan. Ann, Jemima, Hannah, John C. and 
Daniel D. surviving until maturity. Both Mr. 
and Mrs. Ferree were birthright members of 
the Society of Friends, and noted for their 
strict adherence to the pure, simple, teachings 
of that faith. 

John C. Ferree was born in Morgan county, 
Ind., February 13, 1839, was reared a farmer, 
and accompanied his parents to Iowa in the 
year above mentioned. He was united in 
marriage July 2, 1 861, to Martha Ross, daugh- 
ter of Joseph and Susan (Green) Ross, and has 
one child, a son, Otis O. Ferree. In Septem- 
ber. 1864, Mr. Ferree entered the army, enlist- 
ing in company D, Twenty-ninth Indiana in- 
fantry, and shortly after entering the service 
was assigned to post duty at Chattanooga, 
Tenn. During the winter of 1864 he con- 
tracted a severe cold, which settled on his 
lungs and caused him much suffering, and he 
has never entirely recovered from this sickness. 
He suffered partial deafness for a period of 
over si.x months, and his sense of hearing, still 
defective, causes him no little annoyance at 
intervals. During his period of service he 
participated in several campaigns in Alabama 
and other southern states, and some time pre- 
vious to the termination of his period of enlist- 
ment was detailed as clerk, which position he 
filled very creditably until the close of the war. 
The place was one of great responsibility, but 



he discharged its every duty in such a manner 
as- to elicit the warmest praises from his supe- 
rior officer. While thus employed he wrote a 
history of his regiment, a copy of which was 
sent to the war department and deposited in 
the archives at Washington city. Mr. Ferree 
was honorably discharged from the service 
June 25, 1S65, since which time he is the re- 
cipient of a very liberal pension from the gov- 
ernment. Before entering the army Mr. Fer- 
ree was a skillful mechanic and he resumed his 
trade, that of carriage-making, at the close of 
the war, and continued the same for a period 
of fifteen years. Subsequently he engaged in 
the mercantile trade at Center Valley and did 
a very flourishing business for three years, at 
the end of which time he disposed of his stock 
and purchased a small farm in Jacksori town- 
ship, where he resided until 1S90, when he 
located in Jamestown, where he owns a good 
home and is supplied with every comfort. Mr. 
Ferree has retired from the active duties of 
life, but still looks after the management of his 
farm. He is an intelligent, enterprising citizen, 
a close observer of the events of the day, and 
enjoys the esteem and confidence of his neigh- 
bors and friends. 

fiEUBE^' H. FLIXX.— Boone county, 
Ind., is the favorite home of many 
veterans of the Civil war, and among 
them is Reuben H. Flinn, our sub- 
ject, a soldier who deserves more than a pass- 
ing space in our record. His grandfather, 
William Flinn, was one of the pioneers of Ken- 
tucky. He descended from an old colonial Amer- 
can family of Irish ancestry. He became a sub- 
stantial farmer and was the father of three 
children who are remembered — Valentine, John 
and ^^'illiam. He lived to be more than eighty 
years of age. \'alentine Flinn, father of our 
subject, was a farmer of Nicholas county. 

Ky., and married there Susannah Sacre. To 
them were born ten children in the following 
order: John R., Alfred, William W. , Marion 
F. , George \V., Reuben H., Johanna C. , Mary 
J., Rowena E. and Thomas D. About 1S33, 
Mr. Flinn moved to Indiana and located in 
Clinton county, where he remained four years 
and then went back to Kentucky, and in 1S53 
returned to Clinton county, and came to Boone 
county in 1855, and here passed the remain- 
der of his days. Both he and wife were mem- 
bers of the Missionary Baptist church. He 
voted with the democrats until 1856, when he 
became one of the original republicans. Mr. 
Flinn was a typical American pioneer and 
straightforward in his manner of dealing. He 
was loyal to the Union and had four sons in 
the Civil war — Alfred, in the One Hundred and 
Forty-eighth regiment. Indiana volunteer in- 
fantry; \\'illiam W. , in company D, One Hun- 
dred and Fifty-third regiment, Indiana volun- 
teer infantry; George W. , company D, Seven- 
ty-second regiment, Indiana volunteer infantry, 
belonging to ^^■ilder"s brigade; and Reuben H. 
Reuben H. Flinn was born August 13, 
1840, in Franklin county, K}'. He received the 
pioneer education of his day, and was thirteen 
years of age when he came with his father to 
Indiana. He followed the pursuit of agricul- 
ture. At the breaking out of the war, filled 
with patriotism to serve his country, he enlist- 
ed on May 8, 1S61. in ^^'ashington township, 
Boone county, Ind., in company H, Fifteenth 
regiment. Indiana volunteer infantry, and 
served three years. He veteranized in Jan- 
uary, 1S64, and was transferred to company 
C, Seventeenth regiment, Indiana volunteer 
infantry, and served until the close of the war. 
He was mustered out at Macon, Ga., and was 
honorably discharged, having served his country 
as a soldier four years and three months. He was 
in the battles of Stone River, Missionary Ridge 
and many skirmishes. In the Seventeenth 


regiment he was mounted, and in the famous 
Wilson raid. He was in a severe skirmish at 
Ebinceger Church, Ala., at Selma, and a 
skirmish before Macon. Mr. Flinn was never 
wounded nor sick enough to be in hospital, 
and was never a prisoner. He took part in 
all the battles and skirmishes of his regiment, 
and was always ready for active duty. At 
Missionary Ridge a shell passed directly back 
of his head, so close that the rush of air 
knocked him down, and at Stone River he 
had a narrow escape from death. After the 
war he lived in Carroll county, Ind., on a farm 
for about eighteen months, and in 1S67 he re- 
turned to Boone county. He married, Jan- 
uary 17, Missouri G., daughter of William L. 
and Eliza (Mitchell) Martin. \\'illiam L. 
Martin was a mechanic, born in Maryland, 
moved to Cincinnati, and came to Indiana and 
settled in Scott county, as a pioneer, in 1838. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Martin were born nine chil- 
dren : Mary F., James E."; William H., 
Missouri G. , Adelia O., Arthur E., Elvira U., 
Granville E. and John F. Mr. Martin de- 
scended from an old colonial American family 
of English stock. His son, James E., was a 
soldier in the Civil war, company G, Eleventh 
regiment, Indiana volunteer infantry. He 
was promoted to sergeant and assigned to the 
Forty-sixth regiment, Arkansas cavalry. He 
afterward became a physician. He was an 
honorable citizen and a member of the Method- 
ist church. After marriage Mr. Flinn settled 
at Thorntown, engaged in farming, and in 
1885 bought his present property, consisting 
of forty-six acres of land in Center township, 
and with his pension of fourteen dollars per 
month is in comfortable circumstances. Mr. 
and Mrs. Flinn have three children now living : 
Charles O., C. A. and Roy E. Both Mr. and 
Mrs. Flinn are members of the Christian 
church, of which he is secretary and trustee. 
In political opinions he is a stanch republican. 

Mr. Flinn has a clean record as a soldier and 
did not shrink from his duty. He faced death 
for his country at Stone River and Missionary 
Ridge, and his name, honored as a soldier, 
will be handed down to his sons and descend- 
ants as long as the old f^ag for which he fought 
waves in the breeze. 


stantial farmer of Advance, Jack- 
son township, Boone county, Ind., 
was born in Putnam county, Ind., 
August 22, 1835. His great-grandfather and 
wife came from Germany and settled in Bed- 
ford county, Va. , where their son Philip, 
grandfather of ^^'illiam P., was born, and 
where he married Mary Dilly, who bore fifteen 
children. One of these fifteen, Adam Feather, 
the father of our subject, was born in Bed- 
ford county, Va. , January 9, 1S03, and when 
twenty-five years of age came to Indiana and 
located in Bainbridge, Putnam county. He 
was a blacksmith and married Tillie Graves, 
daughter of Peter and Jane Graves, pioneers' 
of that county. The children born to this 
union were William P., Henr\-, Eliza, Jane, 
Nannie, Ellen and Julia. Mr. Feather was a 
most excellent mechanic and always had all 
the business he could attend to. He lived to be 
eightv-two years of age, but lost his wife in 
1854 — he passing his latter years with his son, 
\\"illiam P. His wife's father was a soldier in 
the war of 181 2. 

William P. Feather was married in Put- 
nam county, March 6, 1859, to Sarah, 
daughter of Joseph P. and Julia A. (Shell) 
Bovd. Grandfather Boyd came from Ken- 
tuckv and \\'as a pioneer of Fayette county, 
Ind., where he died, an elder and pillar of the 
Presbyterian church; Grandmother Boyd mar- 
ried William Hillis, of Putnam county, and 
she was mother of the following childre 


Joseph P. and Elizabeth (twins), Nancy, Irvin, 
Harvey and Polly Ann. Joseph P. Boyd was 
born in Fayette county, Ind. , January 19, 
1809, was reared a farmer, and after moving 
to Putnam county married Julia A. Shell, 
daughter of Louis and Nancy (Solace) Shell. 
Louis Shell was a veteran of the war of 181 2. 
and was a pioneer of Putnam county, and 
there were but few between his farm and 
Greencastle. He was a strict Presbyterian, 
was an elder, and a Sabbath-school superin- 
tendent for over fifty years, and was greatlv 
respected, 'not only in the church but through- 
out the township. Joseph P. Bojd was a 
prosperous farmer and a devout Presbyterian, 
of which faith his wife was a strong adherent. 
In politics he was first a democrat, but later a 
republican. His death took place in February, 
1875, his widow surviving until November 9, 
1884. She was ninety-si.\ years old, never 
wore glasses in her life, and cut two teeth 
when she was eighty. The only doctor she 
ever had was at her death bed. 

After his marriage, Mr. Feather lived on 
his farm in Putnam county five years, and in 
1864 came to Boone county and settled on 
his present farm of eighty acres, then a com- 
plete wilderness, without a vestige of improve- 
ment, e.xcepting a log cabin. But Mr. and 
Mrs. Feather both went hard to work and 
converted this wilderness into one of the most 
fertile and best improved farms in Jackson 
township. The children born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Feather were named as follows: Emma H., 
born June 25, i860; Julia M., July 22, 1862; 
Dora, October 27, 1864; Charles R., August 
2, 1867; Ella F., January 6, 1870 and died 
March 17, 1 891. (She graduated from the 
New Ross academy in 1888, and had been 
granted a license to teach, but at that moment 
all the positions had been filled; she taught, 
however, two terms of summer school at 
Advance, Ind. She married William White- 

cotton June 15, 1890, and had one child, 
Jennie, deceased.) Nina M. Feather, the 
ne.xt child in the family, was born January 9, 
1872, and Lulu, the youngest, June 14, 1876. 
William P. Feather has had his war experience, 
but has never had full recompense for his 
services. October 3. 186 1, he enlisted for 
three years, at Camp Vigo, in company B, 
Forty-third I. \'. I., and was doing camp duty 
at Terre Haute, in active preparation for the 
field, when he was permanently injured in the 
line of duty, and constantly suffers from his 
wound. He was discharged October 27, 
1 861, as being utterly unfit for further military 
duty, but, on account of his name having been 
omitted from the adjutant-general's roll, 
through mistake of some careless officer, he 
has never been able to secure a pension. 
Mrs. Feather is a consistent member of the 
i Methodist church, and with her husband stands 
j deservedly high in the esteem of the residents 
i of Jackson township. 

I >j»OHN W. FORBES, a leading citizen 

m of Jackson township, Boone county, 

nj Ind., was born in Rockbridge county, 

\'a., June 27. 1844. His grandfather, 

William Forbes, was born in the same county, 

j was of English descent, was a patriot of the 

Revolutionary war, and died in his native 

j county at the age of seventy-five. His wife 

j bore the maiden name of Sarah Campbell, and 

1 became the mother of the following children: 

j William A., George, Samuel, Bartlett (who 

was a soldier in the war with Mexico and 

fought at Buena \"ista and Cerro Gordo), and 

Jasper. William A. Forbes, father* of John 

I W., was born in Virginia June 27, 1822. He 

j was a wheel-wright b\- trade when young, but 

I was ordained a minister in the U. B. church, 

I was a leader in the Kansas-Missouri conference, 

I and is still engaged in the good work. He 



married Elizabeth Sphor, daughter of Jacob 
and Barbara Sphor, and to this marriage were 
born John \V., Sam, Joseph and Mary. 

John \V. Forbes was reared a farmer and 
at the proper age married Jennie Carty, 
daughter of John P. and Jennie (Saliers) 
Carty, and this union has been blessed by the 
birth of Acena V., Mary E. , Dora B. and 
Charles M., all still living. The father of Mrs. 
Forbes was a prominent farmer of Knox county, 
Ky. , owning 500 acres. He was an ardent 
Union man and fed the Federal soldiers when 
occasion offered, and for this the rebels retali- 
ated b)' devastating his farm and stealing every 
thing they could carry off. He had a son and 
a son-in-law in the Union army and lost his 
fortune through his sympathy with the Union 
cause. He died in Boone county, Ind., at the 
age of se\enty, and his wife died in Parke 
county, Ind., at the same age. John W. 
Forbes enlisted at the age of eighteen, in Leb- 
anon, in company F, Fifty-fourth Indiana 
volunteer infantry, and was sent directly to 
Vicksburg, was placed in Gen. Sherman's com- 
mand, and was in the famous fight of seven 
days and nights in the open fields — sometimes 
having something to eat and sometimes noth- 
ing — and under constant tire. One hundred 
and fifty men, on one occasion, were killed in 
one hour and a half. Mr. Forbes was struck 
by a ball just under the ear, but the wound 
was slight, and he had two bullet holes in his 
coat and one through his cartridge-bcx, and 
had several other narrow escapes. His ne.xt 
experience was at Arkansas Post. The second 
enlistment of Mr. Forbes was October 20, 
1863, in company D, Si.xty-eighth Indiana vol- 
unteer infantry, when he was sent to Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn. Next he was under Gen. Thomas 
at Nashville, where the buttons were shot off 
his coat sleeve. He was at Franklin, Tenn. ; 
at Decatur, Ala. ; at Bridgeport; at Jackson, 
Miss.; at Port Gibson, Miss., and at Port 

Hudson, La. On returning from the war, 
Mr. Forbes resided on his farher's farm in 
Boone county, Ind., for a short time, and 
then passed five years in Missouri and Kansas, 
as his health, which had been impaired by his 
severe war experience, would not permit of his 
stay at that time in this climate. On his final 
return home he purchased his present farm of 
thirty-five and a half acres, which is improved 
with substantial buildings and is well fenced 
and ditched, and here he has since resided, 
honored by all who know him. He and wife 
are consistent members of the United Brethern 
church, and in politics he is a devoted repub- 
lican. Mr. Forbes is also a member of Advance 
lodge. No. 524, G. A. R. , and has filled the 
office of sergeant-quartermaster. Mr. Forbes 
has recovered from the government back pay to 
the amount of $Soo, and has been allowed a 
pension — first of $4 per month, but since 
increased to $8 — for his faithful and gallant 

Vt*OSEPH FRASER, of Lebanon, Ind., 
J is one of the leading photographers of 
A 1 Boone county and springs from Scotch- 
Irish ancestry. His father, William 
Fraser, was a blacksmith and resided many 
years in Pittsburg, Pa. He married Ellen 
Travers and lived to be sixty-five years of age. 
He went to Canada in 1S59 and resided there 
the latter part of his life. He was an industri- 
ous and honorable man. Joseph Fraser was 
bornin Pittsburg, Pa., October 7, 185S. His 
parents took him to Canada when he was 
about one year old, and he was there reared on 
a farm in Bruce county and received a good 
common school education. He learned the 
blacksmith's trade, at which he worked ten 
years, three and a half of which were passed 
in the United States. He was married at 
Fayette, Boone county, Ind., in February, 


1888, to Narcissa Stoker, and to them have 
been born three children, now living: Hazel 
E. , Madgie F. and Maggie E. Mr. Eraser 
came to Lebanon in the spring of 1888 and 
engaged in the blacksmith's business. In 
1 89 1 he bought out the photograph gallery of 
Jas. A. Schroy, having learned the business in 
Canada with his brother, F. J. Eraser, and 
was first in business with him for about one 
year. He was a very skillful photographer. 
Mr. Eraser attends to all branches of a photo- 
grapher's business at verj- reasonable prices 
and is successful in his profession. Fraternally 
he is a K. of P., of Lebanon lodge. No. 45. 
Politically he is a republican. Mr. Eraser is 
an honorable citizen and respected man and 
owns his residence, two lots and gallery — the 
latter being well fitted with fine instruments. 

HMANDA M. FRAZEE, of Perry town- 
ship, Boone county, Ind., was born 
in Lewis county, Ky. , November 14, 
1834, a daughter of John N. and Ma- 
tilda (Howard) Doyal, and a sister of Mr. D. D. 
Doyal, of whom full mention is made on an 
adjacent page. Mrs. Frazee was but six years 
of age when her parents came from Kentucky 
and settled in Boone county, Ind., and here 
she was reared and educated. July I, 1852, 
she was married, in Perry township, to Aaron 
Frazee, who was born March 2, 1830, in Rush 
county, Ind., a son of Moses and Rebecca 
(Rigdon) Frazee, natives of Ohio. In 184S, 
Aaron Frazee came to Boone county and 
bought a farm of forty 'acres, but just across 
the line in Hendricks county, later added to 
its dimensions, and resided on it one year, and 
then moved to the village of New Brunswick, 
Boone county, where he engaged in genera! 
merchandising until 1861, when he enlisted in 
company .\, Eighty-sixth Indiana volunteer in- 
fantry, and was commissioned captain of the 

company. He served gallantly with his com- 
mand until 1863, in all its engagements and 
marches, when ill health compelled him to re- 
sign and return to his home. He then re- 
moved to Indianapolis, where he carried on a 
successful gfrocery trade until his death, which 
occurred January 16, 1869, his remains being 
interred in the Howard cemetery, Perry town- 
ship, Boone county. He was a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. Mrs. Frazee is a 
devoted Baptist. He was a republican in poli- 
tice, was a Freemason, was a successful busi- 
ness man, and was universally respected for 
his integrity and unblemished character. He 
had born to him five children, who were named 
as follows; Dora, deceased; Emma, wife of 
A. J. Smith, a clothier at Lebanon; John M., 
J. E. and Charles G. After the death of her 
husband, Mrs. Frazee, with her three younger 
children, retired to the home farm of eighty 
acres she had inherited from her father, and 
here she still resides, honored by the citizens 
of Perry township for her sterling worth and 
christian piety. 

aAL GAULT, editor and proprietor of 
the Zionsville Times, was born in 
Coshocton county, Ohio, June 23, 
1S56, son of Daniel and Nancy 
(Crouch) Gault, natives of Ohio, and of Eng- 
lish and Scotch lineage respectively. Daniel 
and Nancy Gault were married in their native 
state, thence emigrated, 1858, to Macon coun- 
ty, 111., where they resided until 1888, at 
which time they removed to their present place 
of residence in southeastern Kansas. 

Cal Gault is the sixth of a family of seven 
children born to the above parents. His early 
education was acquired in the common schools; 
later he pursued his studies at the high school 
of Macon, 111., in which town he began learn- 
ing the printer's trade when only thirteen years 


of age. He soon acquired proficiency as a 
printer, to which calHng he has devoted his 
hfe, and, since 1S75, has been identified with 
journahsm on his own responsibility. In that 
year he purchased the Boswell Leader, which 
he conducted for two years at Boswell and 
then removed the office to Colfax, where for 
some time the paper was regularly issued under 
the name of the Colfax Chronicle. Mr. Gault 
next established the Thorntown Saturday 
Leader, which he conducted until 1879, at 
which time he became proprietor of the Zions- 
ville Times, his present paper. The Times 
has a good circulation and flattering advertis. 
ing patronage, and the character of its me- 
chanical and literary make-up shows its editor 
to be thoroughly acquainted with every detail 
of the printer's profession. Mr. Gault is the 
possessor of valuable property near Zionsville 
and he has been an important factor in pro- 
moting the interests of the town. He was 
married April 20, 1876, to" Miss Laura M., 
daughter of Dr. L. C. and Sinai C. Buckles, a 
union blessed with the birth of three children : 
Roy C. , Lewis D. and Frank E. Gault. 


the leading citizens and farmers of 
south Harrison township, Boone 
county, Ind., and is of sterling Irish 
descent, his great-grandfather and grandfather 
having come from the Emerald Isle at a very 
early day and having settled in old Virginia. 
Francis C, the father, was born in Virginia, 
but when a small boy was taken to Kentucky 
(March 22, 1S18), where he grew to manhood, 
became a wealthy farmer, and married Sarah 
A. Shrout, daughter of Abram and Sarah 
Shrout, the former of whom was also a farmer 
in good circumstances, and both parents mem- 
bers of the Christian church. In 1850, Frances 
C. Gillaspie came to Boone county, Ind., and 

bought ninety acres of land near Jamestown, 
in Jackson township, and this tract, by good 
management, he soon augmented to 400 acres, 
being a most excellent farmer as well as finan- 
cier. There were born to these thriving pa- 
rents the following children: Mary A., William 
A., Sarah E., John W., George A. and Fanny 
(twins), Simon A., James W., Nettie F., and 
Jesse O., all of whom received a good educa- 
tion. Mr. Gillaspie was an ardent friend of 
public instruction and was much honored by 
his fellow-citizens. He was first a democrat 
in politics, but later became a greenbacker, and 
at all times held the confidence of his neigh- 
bors, whom he served three terms as township 
trustee and also one term as county commis- 
sioner; he also aided in the construction of the 
county court-house. He was a trustee in the 
Christian church and a member of the build- 
ing committee, and in every way was promi- 
nent and active in advancing its interest. He 
died at a good old age, sincerely mourned 
by his widow, \\ho now lives in Lebanon, and 
by his children and a host of admiring friends. 
William A. Gillaspie was born in Bath 
county. Ky., August 13, 1846, on his father's 
farm, and in I S 50 was brought through to Boone 
county, Ind., in a large wagon, traveling, of 
course, overland. Here he grew up on the 
home farm and received a very good common- 
school education. He rparried Georgia Young, 
daughter of Fletcher and Elizabeth (Jones) 
Young. The great-grandfather of Miss Young 
was also a native Ireland and an early settler 
in America, and her grandfather a well-to-do 
farmer of Bath county, Ky. Fletcher Young 
came from Kentucky to Montgomery county, 
Ind., while he was still a young man, but after- 
ward moved to Boone county and here bought 
a farm of forty acres, which he has doubled in 
size by his own industry, and now owns a fine 
farm of eighty acres. He is a democrat, and 
formerly took much interest in politics, having 



served as trustee of Harrison township and as 
assessor. To Mr. and Mrs. W. A. Gillaspie 
has been born one child, Claude, who has at- 
tended Danville Normal college two terms, and 
is now a well-to-do-farmer of his native town- 
ship. Mr. and Mrs. Gillaspie are devoted 
members of the Christian church, which the3' 
aid liberally with their means, and in which 
Mr. Gillaspie is a deacon. In politics he is a 
democrat. He is the owner of a farm of 
eighty-three acres of well-improved land in 
Harrison township, which through skill and 
hard work he has developed from an original 
tract of forty acres. His farm is well ditched 
and fenced and improved with a comfortable 
and tasty dwelling. Mr. and Mrs. Gillaspie 
stand very high in the esteem of their neigh- 
bors as Christians, and Mr. Gillaspie is re- 
garded as one of the reliable and most thrifty 
farmers of the township. 

>T^PHN J. GOLDSBERRY, one of our 
M most prominent pioneers and respect- 
(tj ed citizens, of Washington township, 
Boone county, Ind. , comes paternally 
from sturdy German ancestry and an old 
colonial Virginia family. Thomas Goldsberry, 
grandfather of our subject, was born in Virginia, 
was a soldier in the -Revolutionary war, and 
married Elizabeth, daughter of Peter Putnam, 
a relative of the famous Israel Putnam of 
Revolutionary fame. This family were of old 
English Puritan stock, and among the very 
earliest settlers of Massachusetts and Connecti- 
cut. General Rufus Putnam, brother of 
Israel, was the founder of Marietta, Ohio^i-the 
first town settled in that state. The grand- 
father of our subject, Thomas Goldsberry, and 
wife were the parents of the following children: 
Jacob, Thomas, Susan. John, Mary, Matilda, 
Peter, Abraham, Isaac and Eliza, all born in 

Virginia or Ohio. Thomas Goldsberry moved 
at a very early day, probably after the Revolu- 
tionary war, to Harper's Ferry, Va. , and set- 
tled on Hogg Point, where he made a farm. 
His brother owned and kept the ferry at that 
time and was killed by lightning. Mr. Golds- 
berry was also a pioneer in Ross county, Ohio, 
I in the earliest days of its settlement, and here 
had a good farm and also kept a tavern at 
' Chillicothe, where the old pioneers stopped on 
their way to the new settlements of Ohio. Here 
the celebrated Indian chief — Willee Way -was 
killed by a man named Wolf, in revenge for the 
murder of his brother, who was killed by the 
Indians in Kentucky. Mr. Goldsberry built a 
grist-mill about two miles from old Chillicothe, 
on the north fork of Paint creek. This was 
one of the first mills in that part of Ohio. Mr. 
Goldsberry later sold the mill and bought 400 
acres of land, which he farmed awhile, and 
then, in 1831, emigrated to Indiana, settling 
in Boone county, on Sugar or Brush creek, 
! two and one-half miles northeast of Thorn- 
I town. He entered and partially cleared 160 
' acres of land, upon which he built a log cabin. 
i About I S40 he sold this farm and lived with his 
son near La Fayette, where he died, in the fall 
j of 1840, of erysipelas, having reached nearly 
j eighty years of age. Mr. Goldsberry was an 
honest hard-working pioneer, who was noted 
for his generous hospitality. The latch-string 
of this old-fashioned pioneer's home always 
j hung out. All of his children married and 
reared families. His son Peter represented 
j Tippecanoe county in the Indiana state legisla- 
tureini852. Prior to this, in 1840, the family 
I went to Chillicothe, Mo., but in a short time 
they returned to Indiana and settled in Boone 
I and Tippecanoe counties, Ind. The aged 
I widow of Thomas Goldsberry died in Tippe- 
i canoe county, at which time she had living 
' ten children, fifty-three grandchildren, and 
I five great-grand children. The fifth genera- 



tion from Thomas Goldsberry and wife are 
now being reared in Indiana. 

Thomas Goldsberry, son of above and father 
of our subject, was born at Harper's Ferry in 
1800. He was reared a farmer, and married 
in Ross county, Ohio, EHzabeth Landsaw, of 
that county, and to them were born eight chil- 
dren, two of whom died in infancy. The re- 
maining si.K were William, John, Mary, Sarah, 
Jacob, Susan. The first three were born in 
Ohio and the last three in Indiana. Mr. Golds- 
berry, in 1 83 1, moved to Tippecanoe county, 
Ind., where Sarah was born, and in the fall of 
that year he moved to Boone county, and 
entered 1 18 acres of land in Sugar Creek and 
Washington townships. He cleared this and 
erected a hewed log house, where he died August 
4, 1S60, at sixty years of age. He was a great 
hunter and, as deer and wild turkey were plenti- 
ful, he abundantly supplied his table. He was a 
shoemaker by trade, made a good living and 
was a substantial citizen. He was a democrat, 
and he and his wife were members of the 
Methodist church, in which he was a class- 
leader and steward, and he was always a liberal 
supporter of his church. The itinerant Metho- 
dist preacher of those days made his home at 
his house. He was held in kindly esteem by 
all who knew him, and reared a good family. 
John J. Goldsberry was born in Ross county, 
Ohio, on his father's farm, February 5, 1S27, 
and was about four years of age when brought to 
Tippecanoe county, Ind. — Grandfather Golds- 
berry with a large ox wagon drawn by two yoke 
of oxen, and his father with an ordinan." wagon 
drawn by two horses. The men and larger 
boys walked, and the women and small chil- 
dren rode when tired. They camped at night 
by the roadside, built a brush fire and made 
coffee, and had a simple meal, sometimes gar- 
nished with game — gray squirrel being plenti- 
ful. They slept in blankets around the camp- 
fires Indian fashion, and in the wagons, and 

without accident this hardy pioneer family 
made their way over the rude roads, fording 
the streams. It was early fall and the forests 
supplfed plenty of mast, which, with the wild 
pea vine, provided plenty of food for the stock. 
John J. Goldsberry learned to spell by attend- 
ing the spelling schools, where the young pio- 
neers strove to spell one another down, and 
where he became an expert and mastered every 
word in the spelling book, often being at the 
head of his class. He learned but little arith- 
methic, and not that little until he was twenty- 
two years of age, when he studied five daj'S, 
and mastered enough to attend properly to all 
matters of business in his line. His school- 
teacher was Joseph A. Caldwell, an uncle from 
Virginia, a man of good education. He was at 
one time commissioner of Boone county, and 
justice of the peace. He was the only man in 
his part of Boone county who took a news- 
paper in 1833, and these newspapers, greased, 
served as windows in many a log cabin of the 
pioneer. The young men came to school 
dressed in buckskins, and on Christmas day 
demanded that i\Ir. Caldwell treat them to 
whisky, and. to force him to do so, locked 
him out of the school house. .As it was a sub- 
scription school and owned by Mr. Caldwell, 
he promptly sent a young man for an ax, and 
with the sturdy strokes of a backwoodsman 
soon cut the door into kindling wood. Many 
of the young men. were full grown, but he 
ordered them to their seats, and he had no fur- 
ther trouble with them. His newspaper was the 
old "New York Weekly Herald," and was the 
wonder of the neighborhood. The pioneers 
would gather at his home and have him read to 
them by the light of a hickory bark torch. 

At the age of fourteen years Mr. Golds- 
berry began to work out for twelve and one- 
half cents per day, and when able to do a 
man's work he received $6 per month. At 
the age of twenty, his father remarrying, he 



left home and learned the carpenter's trade, re- 
ceiving $15 per month and board, which were 
good wages for an apprentice. At the age of 
twenty-one he began to work for himself at his 
trade, when t\vent_v-two years old he began 
contracting and laid up money, and in 1858 
bought forty acres of land in Washington 
township, Boone county, ten acres of which 
were in cultivation, for $750. October 15, 
1859, at the age of thirty-two, he married, in 
Boone county, Josina Hebb, of Grafton, \^a., 
and to them were born four children : Joseph 
L., Clement L. , Josina and Belle — the three 
last named all deceased. This wife died 
seven years after marriage, March 1 1 , 1 866, 
and Mr. Goldsberry married, in Fayette coun- 
ty, Ohio, his present wife, Hannah Maria, 
daughter of Amos and Ann (Lease) Golds- 
berry, of the same original stock, but distant- 
ly related, the grandfathers of Amos and our 
subject being third cousins. Mr. and Mrs. 
Goldsberry have three children living : Anna 
B., Alma May, and Amos A., all _born on the 
farm in Washington township, Boone county. 
Mr. Goldsberry added gradually to his farm 
until he now owns 218 acres of fine land, 200 
acres being in cultivation, without any lien on 
it whatever. It is improved with a substantial 
residence and farm buildings, and more tile 
than any farm of its size in his township. In 
religious opinions, Mr. Goldsberry is very 
liberal, believing in every man's worshiping 
God according to the dictates of his own con- 
science. In political opinions he was a dem- 
ocrat, but is now independent. He has al- 
ways been a friend of learning and has given 
all his children good educations. He has held 
the office of school-director for many years, 
and built the first brick school-house in Wash- 
ington township. 

Mr. Goldsberry is a Mason, a member of 
Thorntown lodge, No. 114; is also a member 
of the Farmer's Alliance, of which he was an 

elector for three years. He was also one of 
the original grangers of Boone county. 
Originally he was a stanch democrat and be- 
lieved in pure democracy as taught on the 
principles established by Thomas Jefferson. 
In these later and more degenerate days, 
"Uncle John" is very liberal in his political 
views. In 1894 he was foreman of the Boone 
county grand-jury, which did effective work. 
Mr. Goldsberry is a man of patient industry. 
Throughout his long life of sixty-seven years 
he has been afflicted with a white swelling, 
from which he has suffered great pain, and 
which has caused lameness, but his grit and 
stamina have enabled him to work on his farm, 
and he has probably done as much work as 
any other man in Boone county. He stands 
very high as an honored citizen, and is a man 
of great intelligence, and a versatile conver- 
sationalist. He has been a wide reader, and 
his active mind is well stored with solid in- 
formation. He relates in a very interesting 
way many anecdotes of pionter life. He is 
very active in politics and attended all the 
early conventions. He was a subscriber for 
the first newspaper published in Boone county, 
"The Pioneer." "Uncle John" says that 
the first church building in his township was a 
Union meeting house, and his mother wove 
cloth and sold it to pay for the sash for the 
windows. We might fill this large volume 
with "Uncle John's" reminiscences, but want 
of space forbids. 

^^^EORGE GOOD, of Marion township, 
■ ^^ Boone county, Ind., was born in 
\^^^^ Columbia county, Pa., December 19, 
1S30, the son of Jacob and Mary H. 
(Helfrich) Good, natives of Pennsylvania and 
of German descent. Jacob Good came to 
Indiana in 1837 and settled on a small tract of 
land in Hamilton county, where he passed the 



remainder of his days, dying in 1S73. His 
first wife died in about 1S39, the mother of 
thirteen children, of whom five are still living, 
viz: Michael, George, Peter, Mary, and William. 
Those deceased are John, Jacob, Catherine, 
Sarah, Lydia, Elizabeth and two that died in 
infancy. Of the second wife and her family no 
record has been furnished the publisher. 

George Good was reared on his father's 
farm, but at the age of seventeen was appren- 
ticed to a shoemaker, and served four years, 
and this trade he has diligently followed most 
of the time since, excepting when his public 
duties have claimed his attention. He is a 
democrat in his politics, and has been very 
popular with his party, who have honored him 
with several positions of triwt. For si.x years 
he has been a notary public, for eight years a 
justice of the peace, and in 1S90 was elected 
trustee of Marion township, and has always 
merited the confidence reposed in him. He 
has been three times married, his first union 
having been consuinmated in February, 1854, 
with Arminda Redman, the daughter of Hiram 
and Sarah Redman; to this union were born 
four children, viz: Mary H.. wife of Isaac 
Wallace; Sarah E., married to Vincent Buzan, 
and Calvin and William, both deceased. Mrs. 
Good was taken away in .\pril, 1865, and the 
second marriage of Mr. Good was in 1866 to 
Lizzie Illyes, daughter of Philip and Mary Illyes, 
who bore him two children — Samuel A , and 
Albert E.— and died in 1S79. July 21, 1SS7, 
Mr. Good married his present wife, who bore 
the maiden name of Alice \\'ynekoop — daugh- 
ter of William Wynekoop, and this marriage 
has been blessed by the birth of two children — 
George G. and Eunice M. Mr. Good' is 
a consistent member of the Christian church, 
and fraternally is a member of Fidelity lodge. 
No. 309, F. and A. M. His social standing is 
most excellent, and his integrity is beyond 
reproach or impeachment. 


1 1 leading f 
I - ^ Jackson 

NIEL GRAYBILL, one of the 

farmers and stock-raisers of 
township, Boone county, 
Ind., was born in Ohio, May 30, 
1835. His grandfather, Daniel Graybill, 
came from Germany prior to the Revolution- 
ary war and settled in Virginia, where he be- 
came extensively engaged in agriculture and 
prominent as a citizen. His son, also named 
Daniel, was born in Virginia, November 13, 

1 8 10, and there married Miss Elizabeth 
Frankenbarger, who was born December 2, 

181 1, and was a daughter of Jacob and 
Elizabeth Frankingbarger. Some years after 
marrying, Daniel and wife moved to Ohio, 
where they lived five years, and then came 
to Montgomery county, Ind., and bought 
eighty acres of land in the wilderness, but 
by thrift and industry added to this farm 
until it comprised 330 acres, which Daniel 
brought to a high state of cultivation. He 
was a progressive farmer and owned a saw- 
mill, a grist-mill and a threshing machine, 
and was the first man in his county to run 
a separator. He was also an excellent me- 
chanic, and there were few inplements on his 
farm that needed outside assistance for re- 
pair. He was an honored citizen of his town- 
ship, and passed away February 13, 1S90, 
having lost his wife February 6, 1S73. 

Nathaniel Graybill after coming to Indiana, 
necessarily assisted his father in cleaning up 
the wild farm land. At this he labored until 
eighteen years of age before he was given an 
opportunity to attend the proverbial log school- 
house, where he laid the foundation on which 
he afterwards built up a solid structure of 
practical knowledge. When he had attained 
the proper age, he married Miss Harriet, 
daughter of Lazarus Tilley, a farmer. Mrs. 
Graybill, who was a devout Methodist, died 
within a few years after her marriage, leaving 
one child, Marv Florence, also deceased. For 



his second spouse Mr. Graybill selected Miss 
Nancy J., daughter of Daniel H. and Lucinda 
(Service) Cox, of Montgomery county. Mr. 
Graybill was thirty-four years of age when he 
came to Boone county, and in the same year, 
1869, bought eighty acres of his present farm, 
which was then without improvements, with 
the exception of a log cabin; this farm now 
comprises 1 24 acres and is one of the handsomest 
and best improved farms in the county, is well 
fenced, thoroughly drained, and contains some 
of the mo5t substantial as well as ornamental 
buildings, including residence and barns, to be 
found in Jackson township. Beside raising 
all the crops common to this climate, Mr. 
Graybill devotes his attention largely to stock 
breeding, and is the owner of a fine stud. In 
March, 1893, he bought from Sam Davis the 
famous stallion, Patrol, which now stands the 
season at Ward, at one of Mr. Graybill' s barns. 
Patrol is a dark brown 16 hands and one 
inch high, and weighs about 1,200 pounds. 
He was foaled in the fall of 1888, bred by 
Harry Gilman, Versailes, Ky. Sired by Shaw- 
mut, 964. (Record 2:26.) First dam. Hat- 
tie W. by Henry Hall; 2nd dam, a fast road 
mare. Shawmut, 964, is son of Cowing's 
Henry Clay, 2:29; sire of Green Mountain 
Maid, dam of Elaine, 2:20; Dame Trot, 2:22; 
Mansfield, 2:26; Stom, 2:26J; Antonio, 2:28|; 
and three more. Also dam of the great Elec- 
tioneer, sire of Sunol, 2:io.\; Palo Alto, 2:12^ 
Manzaneta, 2:16; andseventy-six others. Dam 
Heroine, sister cf Volunteer, sire St. Julien, 
2:1 1|^; Gloster, 217, and many others; and 
Sentinel, sire of VonArnina, 2:19.^, and eight 
more. Also the dams of Consul, 2:22.^; Quar- 
termaster, 2:23; Lelah H., 2:24^, and others 
by Hambletonian, 10. Dam, Lady Patriot by 
Young Patriot. Patrol is perfectlv broken to 
harness and it is an easy effort for him to show 
a 2:40 gait. Both in breeding and individual 
conformation he is the kind to stand the severe 

strain of stud or track. His sire comes of one 
of California's aristocratic families of horses, 
that are trotters, get trotters, and "breed on" 
in the line of the 200 mark. His long neck, 
soundness and intelligence should make him a 
sire of fashionable roadsters. 

Mr. and Mrs. Graybill are members of the 
Baptist church, of which church Mr. Graybill 
is a moderator. In politics he is a democrat, 
but is no office seeker. He is a member of the 
Horse Thief Detective Association, and he and 
family rank socially among the foremost resi- 
dents of Jackson township. 

Conspicuous among the early pio- 
neers and representative men of 
Boone county, Ind., is ^fajor Ben- 
jamin M. Gregory, who was born November 


\llegany county, 


parents, Peter and Phebe (Carroll) Gregory, 
were early pioneers of Boone county, settling 
in Eagle township as long ago as the year 
1832, and remaining where they originally 
located until their respective deaths. Peter and 
Phebe Gregory had a family of nine children, 
whose names are as follows : James C, Mary 
A., Lorena S., Benjamin M.. Jane, Lewis W. , 
John P., Emily and Martha. 

Benjamin M. Gregory was but three years 
old when brought by his parents to Boone 
county and has now been a resident of the 
same for a period of over sixty-two years, dur- 
ing which time he has devoted the best ener- 
gies of his life to its development and pros- 
perity. Like the majority of boys reared on 
the farm, his youthful years were unmarked 
by any event of much moment and he followed 
the peaceful pursuit of agriculture until after 
attaining his majority. In 1854 he entered 
the mercantile business, purchasing a general 
stock at Eagle village, and after a short time 



moved the same to Zionsville, where he 
carried on a very successful trade until the 
breaking out of the great rebellion. Imbued 
with the true spirit of patriotism Mr. Gregor}-, 
in 1 86 1, disposed of his mercantile interests 
and went southward to do^ battle for his coun- 
try's flag, enlisting, August 22 of that year, in 
the Tenth Indiana infantry, company F, of 
which he was commissioned captain. In this 
capacity he served with distinction until April, 
1862, at which time he was commissioned 
major of the regiment by reason of gallantry 
displayed at Mill Springs, Ky. , where he cap- 
tured a rebel banner. In the following August, 
on account of sickness, Mr. Gregory was com- 
pelled to resign his commission and leave the 
service, after which he returned to his home 
in Boone county, but did not long remain in- 
active, for the next year he organized a regi- 
ment known as the One Hundred and Second 
Indiana volunteers for home ser\ice. When 
the state was threatened by "the Morgan raid, 
this regiment was the first to report for serv- 
ice at Indianapolis, and Major Gregory took 
part in the pursuit of the rebel commander 
until the latter was driven beyond the con- 
fines of the state. In the meantime he was 
commissioned colonel of the One Hundred and 
Second regiment, which position he held until 
his resignation in I S64. In August of the 
same year he again entered the service in com- 
pany F, One Hundred and Thirty-fifth In- 
diana volunteer infantry, and upon the organ- 
ization of the regiment was again commission- 
ed major, in which capacity he continued to 
serve with credit to himself and satisfaction to 
his superior officers until honorably discharged 
in the fall of 1864, On severing his connec- 
tion with the army Mr. Gregory returned to 
Boone county and engaged in the hardware 
trade at Zionsville, opening the first store of 
the kind in the place and operating the same 
very successfully until 189 1. In 1890 he went 

to Mexico, where for some time he was en- 
gaged in gold-mining, making two trips to that 
far-off country. At the present time, although 
not actively engaged in business, he is promi- 
nently identified with a large hardware firm, 
which he originally founded and which, 
through his successful management, has be- 
come one of the leading establishments of the 
kind in Boone county. He owns the old 
homestead where the family originally settled, 
beside real estate in the city, and financially is 
considered one of the substantial men of Zions- 
ville. Fraternally he belongs to the Masonic 
order, with which he has been identified since 
1852, and is also a member of the G. A. R. 
post of Zionsville, in the organization of which 
he was an important factor. Mr. Gregory was 
first married, October 3, 1S52, to Nancy A. 
Larimore, who was born in Eagle village, 
Boone county, Ind., a daughter of Daniel and 
Mary Larimore. and by which marriage there 
were born five sons: Frank M., Albert, Ben- 
jamin E., Charles, and William R. deceased. 
After the death of his first wife, Mr. Gregory 
and Miss Myra A., daughter of James Hurst, 
were united in marriage on the seventh day of 
October, 1880, and their union has been 
blessed with the birth of one child : Clifford 

@EORGE W. GROVES, a substantial 
farmer of Jackson township, Boone 
county, Ind., was born in Scott 
county, Va., April 28, 1859, and is 
remotely of German descent. His grand- 
father, Jacob Groves, was also a native of 
the Old Dominion, having been born in Shen- 
andoah county. He was considered to be quite 
a learned man for his day and was a very suc- 
cessful minister in the Baptist church. In pol- 
itics he was a Jacksonian democrat. John 
Groves, son of Jacob and father of George W. , 



was born in Scott county, Va., May 7. 1S33, 
was reared a farmer, -and farming was always 
his occupation. He also was a Jacksonian 
democrat and served in the Confederate army 
during the late war. He had married Sarah 
Fleenor, widow of Mike Andes, and daughter 
of Abraham and Mary (Minnick) Fleenor, and 
to this union were born the following children: 
Jacob, Susan, George \V., Abraham. John and 
Martin. The father of this family died Sep- 
tember 12, 1867. One child, Mike D., was 
the result of the first marriage, and the widow 
Groves now makes her home with her son 
George W. 

George W. Groves received a fair educa- 
tion and was reared on the home farm — farm- 
ing being still his vocation. He married 
January 3, 1886, Malinda J. Myers, daughter 
of Henry and Elizabeth (Isley) Myers. Henry 
Myers having died October 15, 1889, his widow 
married Milton Young, with whom she is now 
living happily. To the marriage of George 
W. and Malinda Groves have been born two 
children — Denver A. deceased, and Harvey 
C. , the idol of his parents. George \\'. Groves 
came to Boone county from Virginia before he 
had reached his majority, and engaged in farm 
labor — working for one employer six consecu- 
tive years, but he was industrious and econom- 
ical, and is now the owner of a modern and 
well-improved farm of 1 1 5 acres, with a fine 
residence and a substantial barn. In his politics 
he affiliates with the populists, and has been 
honored by that party with the nomination as 
its candidate for justice of the peace for his 
township. Both Mr. and Mrs. Groves are 
members of the New Light church, and frater- 
nally Mr. Groves is a member of Hazelrigg 
lodge. No. 200, F. and A. M., at Jamestown. 
The residents of Jackson township hold Mr. 
and Mr. Groves in the highest esteem, and 
look upon Mr. Groves as one of the most pro- 
gressive farmers of his age in this vicinity. 

^V^ ENJAMIN M. GUMERY, one of the 
l^**^ self-made men of Marion township, 
g'^^_^ Boone county, Ind., was born Janu- 
ary 28, 1850, in Clay county, Ind. His 
father, Benjamin Gumery, a carpenter and 
farmer, was born in the year 1 82 5 in the county 
of Clay, where he married Amanda Cromwell, 
daughter of Oliver Cromwell, the latter a de- 
scendant of Oliver Cromwell, England's great 
protector. After Benjamin Gumery's death, 
■which occurred at the town of Lockport, Ind., 
in the year 1852, Mrs. Gumery married Jacob 
Parr, by whom she had the following children: 
Jane, Josephine, Jacob, Sarah, Cordelia, Etta, 
Nelson, Ida M., and Margaret. 

Benjamin M. Gumery attended the com- 
mon schools, in wh'fch he acquired a fair Eng- 
lish education, but was early obliged to con- 
tribute his full share toward the support of the 
family. He began life upon his own responsi- 
bility by working by the day, and afterward 
farmed, and, being economical, succeeded in a 
few years in saving sufficient means to enable 
him to purchase real estate of his own. His 
first purchase consisted of eighty acres, valued 
at $2,000, of which sum he was able to pay 
but $500 cash, going in debt for the balance. 
It is sufficient to say that this indebtedness 
was in due time entirely canceled, and he is 
now the fortunate possessor of a valuable farm. 
well drained and supplied with comfortable and 
substantial buildings, and everything upon the 
premises denotes the presence of a wide-awake, 
energetic man, who thoroughly understands his 
business and believes in the true dignity of the 
agriculturist's vocation. Politically, Mr. Gum- 
ery is a democrat of the orthodox stamp, but 
has never been an aspirant for the honors of 
office. He is a stockholder in the Waugh 
Natural Gas company, and in all matters per- 
taining to the benefit of the public he is pro- 
gressive and enterprising. His wife, to whom 
he was married September 13, 1S71, was Eu- 



phemia A. Clark, who' was born in Marion 
township, Boone count}', August 13, 1852. 
Her father, Henry Clark, a soldier of the Mex- 
ican war and a veteran of the late rebellion, 
was a native of Ohio, and died December 6, 
1862, while in the service of his country. Mrs. 
Gumery's mother, whose maiden name was 
Sarah Jane Clifton, was born in Butler county, 
Ohio, and departed this life December 31, 
1890. • The names of the children of Henry 
and Sarah Jane Clark are as follows: Mary 
E., Elizabeth, Euphemia A., Rachael, J., 
Martha F , and William T. , all living, with the 
e.xception of the last named, who died when one 
year old. To Nfr. and Mrs. Gumery has been 
born one child, Charles E., whose birth occur- 
red on the twenty-fourth of February, 1883. 

QILTOX HADLEY, a well-known 
farmer and dairyman of Sugar 
Creek township, Boone county, Ind. , 
was born near Danville, Ind., March 
14, 1839, a son of Zeno and Rebecca (Stanley) 
Hadle}', who were both born in North Carolina 
in 1809 and 181 I respectively, but came to 
Indiana in an early day and were married, in 
1833, in Hendricks count)-. They located on 
a farm near Daa\ille, where they lived until 
death called Rebecca Hadley away in August, 
1 85 1, and Zeno Hadley in February, 1 88 1. 
They were the parents of eight children, viz: 
Matilda; Ann, deceased; Milton, whose name 
heads this sketch; Jane, wife of E. Doan, of 
Plainfield; Mary, deceased; Joshua, of Hen- 
dricks county; Phebe, deceased; and an infant, 
deceased. Mr. and Mrs. Hadley were mem- 
bers of Friends' church and in politics he Ivas 
a republican. He was a well-educated man, 
having attended a boarding school in North 
Carolina; was a fine penman with a goosequill; 
was very firm in his purposes. He was quite 
successful financially, and was interested in 

the bank at Danville, of which he was for some 
time an officer, and at his death owned T,^y 
acres of land in Hendricks county. 

Milton Hadley was reared on the home 
farm until twenty-one years of age, having 
been educated in the meantime in the home 
schools and three years at Bloomingdale. La- 
Fayette and Moorsville; in 1859 he engaged in 
teaching, and in all taught five terms, after 
which he turned his attention to farming. In 
October. 1865. he married, in Sugar Creek 
township, Boone county, Mis^Sarah J. Moffitt, 
who was here born in November, 1S32. a 
daughter of Jeremiah and Cynthia Ann (Cook) 
Moffitt, whose biography will be found at the 
close of this sketch, under the head of Cyn- 
thia Ann Wood}'. This happy union has been 
blessed with four children, viz: Elma R., for- 
merly a teacher in the graded schools of Kan- 
sas, now wife of O. E. Di.xon; Olive C. sales- 
lady, during the World's Fair, at the Old 
Convent building, after ha\ing acted as an as- 
sistant of James Riley in arranging the Indiana 
Agricultural exhibit at that great exposition; 
at the close of the fair she went to New York 
and elsewhere with the Old Convent building 
exhibit; M. Bertha is the third child in this 
family, and is a graduate of Earlham college, 
and the fourth, J. Marcus, is attending Earl- 
ham college. 

Mr. and Mrs. Hadley are members of the 
Friends' church, and politically he is a republi- 
can. Mr. Hadley has a dairy of thirty-seven 
cows, most of which are Jerseys, and graded; 
he ships his product to an Indianapolis ice cream 
house, and considers the Jersey cows, also, the 
best for butter, and his product of this article 
is an evidence that his conclusions are correctly 
drawn and that he is a good judge of cattle. 
Mr. Hadley considers the silo to be a great 
success, and was the first person to build one 
in Boone county, and now has two — the first of 
which was erected in 1889 — and both have 


been in constant use ever since construction. 
Mr. Hadley and his family are greatly re- 
spected in the community in which they live, 
and he is recognized as being a most useful 

Cynthia Ann (Cook-Moffitt) Woody was 
born in Wayne county, Ind., December 4, 
1 8 14, a daughter of Zimri and Lydia P. (Pegg) 
Cook. Mr. Cook was born in Guilford county, 
N. C, February 13, 1789, and was a son of 
Thomas and Mary (Wilkes) Cook. Zimri died 
February 23, 1805, and in 1806 Lydia married 
Valentine Pegg. She died January 16, 1820, 
and he died in April, 1828, both Friends. Zimri 
and Lydia Cook were parents of seven children, 
as follows: Cynthia Ann; Cyrus, born Sep- 
tember 4, 1818, died July 8, 1873; Clarkson 
T., born May 17, 1S21; Jessie, born August 
24, 1824, died July 7, 1863; Cyrena. born July 
26, 1826, died January 9, 1857; Joseph, born 
October 13, 1828, now in Idaho, and Calvin, 
born August 5, 1832, now a physician of 
Hamilton county, Ind. Cynthia Ann was 
married at Whitewater, Wayne county, Ind., 
January 4, 1832, to Jeremiah Moffitt, who 
was born in Randolph county, N. C. , August 
16, 1808, a son of Charles and Elizabeth 
(Cox) Moffitt, natives, also, of North Carolina 
and members of Friends' church. They were 
the parents of twelve children, named Hugh, 
Jeremiah, Tacy, Eunice, Hannah, John, 
Nathan, Ruth, Elizabeth, Abijah, Anna, Mary 
and an infant deceased. Jeremiah Moffitt was 
reared a farmer and received a common school 
education. He located in Wayne county, 
Ind., when a young man, and remained there 
until 1B32, when he came to Boone county, 
which was then a wilderness, filled with- wild 
game, and entered 160 acres of land, which he 
improved, and on which Cynthia Ann \\'oody 
now lives, and on which he passed away August 
10, 1852. He was a whig in his politics and a 
successful nurseryman and general farmer. He 

and wife were parents of two' children — Sarah 
J. (see biography of Mr. Hadley), and Robert, 
deceased. May 9, 1855, Mrs. Cynthia Moffitt 
was married to James Woody, who was born 
in Alamance county, N. C, and was a farmer, 
blacksmith and wagonmaker; was a republican, 
and a good humored, prosperous, steady-going 
citizen, but he, too, was called to his last rest 
December 2, 1884. 

^^^ILBERT H. HAMILTON, editor and 
■ Q\ proprietor of the Thorntown Argus, 
\^^^ one of the leading republican news- 
papers of central Indiana, is a native 
of the Hoosier state, born on the ninth day of 
February, 1 860, in the county of Montgomery, 
son of John and Matilda (Kendall) Hamilton. 
The Hamiltons are of German-English lineage 
and the family name is traceable to the East- 
ern states, where it is still common and where 
the remote ancestors settled at a very early 
period in the country's history. John Hamil- 
ton, the subject's father, whose birth occurred 
in Ohio in the year 1823, was a son of Henry 
Hamilton, a native of that state, and a farmer 
by occupation. Henry Hamilton was twice 
married, reared a family of five children, and 
is remembered as a man of most exemplary 
character, an old line whig in politics, and 
a strict Methodist in his religious belief and 
affiliations. John Hamilton was reared on 
the home farm until his majority and began 
the battle of life upon his own responsibility 
as a tiller of the soil in the vicinity of Thorn- 
town, Boone county, to which part of the 
state his parents removed when he was a 
mere child. In early life he manifested un- 
usual aptitude as a successful argiculturist 
and manager, became the possessor of a valu- 
able estate, and earned the reputation of a 
first-class business man and valuable citizen, 
having always been highly esteemed in the 




communities where he resided for his many 
estimable qualities, oot the least of which 
was the inviolability with which he ever kept 
his word. He was reared in the religious faith 
of the Methodist church. He was a republi- 
can in politics and wielded an influence for his 
party throughout the community where he lived. 
Mr. Hamilton was married three times, his 
last union being solemnized, in 1857, with 
Matilda Keadall, who bore him ten children, 
namely: Elizabeth, deceased; Gilbert H , whose 
name heads this mention; Edward E., Mrs. 
Mattie J. Allen, Mrs. Kittie Sidenstick, Charles 
H . Mrs. Tinnie Little, Josephine, Sylvia and 
John, the last three residing with their widowed 
mother at their home in the county of ^^ont- 
gomery. Mr. Hamilton passed the greater part 
of his married life in Montgomery county on a 
beautiful and well cultivated farm of 160 acres, 
where on the sixth day of January, 1S92, his 
death occurred — an event deeply lamented by 
all who had the good fortune of his personal 

Gilbert H. Hamilton received his early 
parental training on the home farm, and while 
still young was given the advantages of the best 
schools the county at that time afforded, his 
advancement being such that, at the age of 
seventeen, he was sufficiently qualified to 
teach, which profession he followed with the 
most gratifying success until attaining his ma- 
jority, pursuing his duties assiduously under 
the direction of competent instructors at inter- 
vals. On reaching his twenty-first year, Mr. 
Hamilton yielded to a strong inclination to 
enter the field of journalism, and made his 
first venture in the profession by purchasing, 
without personal inspection, the Colfa.x Chron- 
icle, in the office of which, without any pre- 
vious knowledge in the line of newspaper work, 
he began his career as editor and manager. 
The young editor at first was harassed by 
many embarrassments, bat a determined will 

enabled him to triumph over every obstacle, 
and he soon had the satisfaction of seeing the 
enterprise placed upon a substantial and re- 
munerative basis, and himself launched upon 
the sea of successful journalism. After con- 
tinuing the Chronicle at Colfax from 18S2 to 
1885, Mr. Hamilton, thinking that the growing 
city of Frankfort afforded a better field for the 
enterprise, moved the office to the latter place, 
where, in partnership with G. Y. Fowler, Esq., 
he established the Frankfort Times, which, 
although beset with numerous obstacles at the 
beginning, under his successful management as 
the executive head and editor, in the space of 
a little over two years arose to a circulation of 
nearly 3,000 subscribers and enjoyed a very 
liberal advertising patronage, becoming, in- 
deed, one of the most successful local papers 
ever published in the county of Clinton. After 
living to see the enterprise, so inauspiciously 
begun in Frankfort, develop into one of the 
first printing establishments in central Indiana, 
Mr. Hamilton disposed of his interest in the 
office, and during the two succeeding years was 
engaged in mercantile pursuits in Cincinnati 
and Indianapolis, where for some time he gave 
his attention to the advertising and handling 
of specialties. After a brief business career in 
the latter city, Mr. Hamilton again embarked in 
the newspaper business in January, 1890, pur- 
chasing the Thorntown Argus, at that time a five- 
column folio, with a limited circulation, which 
1 he enlarged in 1S91 to a six-column quarto, 
1 and again, in June, 1S92, increased its size to 
a seven-column quarto, and the following year 
moved the office to the present commodious 
I building, which, with all its fixtures, he now 
I owns. The office of the Argus is thoroughly 
equipped with the latest improved machinery, 
i including a fine power-press, job presses and 
other modern appliances, found in first-class 
j printing establishments, and in its mechanical 
execution the paper is a model of neatness, 



comparing favorably in every respect with the 
best local papers of th.e state. In its make-up 
the Argus, while republican in politics, is de- 
signed to vibrate with the public pulse and be 
a reflex of the current thought of the age, and 
its columns have ever been a medium through 
which discussion of the leading questions of the 
day are give publicity. It has a large and 
constantly increasing circulation, a good ad- 
vertising patronage, enjo)-s a large measure of 
popularity, and is a credit to the energy and 
successful management of its editor, who has 
in this, as in similar ventures, proved himself 
to be one of the wide-awake newspaper men 
of the state. 

Of Mr. Hamilton personally, it is only 
neccessary to say that he is a typical young 
man of the times, a characteristic American, 
enterprising in all the term implies; and in all 
the attributes of honorable citizenship, honestv 
of purpose, and uprightness of character, he 
stands prominent in his community. Political- 
ly he is a republican, and as such has been a 
potent factor in his party's success, both as a 
trenchant writer and a worker in the ranks. 
In 1890 he became a member of the Northern 
Indiana Republican Editorial association, by 
which body he has been chosen each year as a 
representative to the National Editoral asso- 
ciation held in the years 1891-92-93-94-95, in 
St. Paul, Minn., California, Chicago, Asbury 
Park, N. J. and Florida, respectively. Fra- j 
ternally he is an active member of the Masonic 1 
order, in which he has risen to the Thirty- 
second degree Ancient Accepted Scottish rite. 1 
He is also a Noble of the Ancient Arabic Or- 
der, Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. Mr. Ham- ! 
ilton was married November 24. 1 881, in Col- I 
fax, Ind., to Florence E. Graves, who was i 
born July 24, 1862, in the city of Philadelphia, j 
Pa. , the daughter of Robert Graves, an ofScer 
in the United States naval service. Unto Mr. | 
and Mrs. Hamilton were born two daughters, I 

one dying in babyhood and the other in early 
infancy. They are each active working mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian church, with which 
denomination they have affiliated from their 
youth up. 

HBEL HARMOM is one of the oldest 
residents of Worth township, Boone 
county, Ind., and a representative of 
a well known pioneer family that 
j came to Indiana at a very early period in the 
I history of the state. His father. John B. Har- 
j mon, a Virginian, was born March 3, 1795, of 
English parentage, and his mother, whose 
; maiden name was Mary Findley, descended 
i from Irish ancestry and was born February 7, 
179S, in the state of Pennsylvania. John B. 
Harmon and wife moved with their respective 
parents to Indiana about the time of the or- 
ganization of the state, and were married 
December 23, 1S18, in Jackson county. They 
resided in the county of Jackson until about 
1S20, in which year they removed to Marion 
j county, thence, in 1837, to the county of 
Boone, where they resided until their respec- 
j tive deaths — the father departing this life on 
the twelfth dav of Tune, 1S60. and the mother 
in 1S78. They reared eleven children, name- 
ly—William F. , Hiram M., Rebecca A., John 
L., Abel, George D., Isaac B., Emaline, Jane, 
Mary A. and one that died in infancy unnamed. 
Abel Harmon is a native Indianian, born in 
Marion county, December 6. 1828, and since 
his tenth year has lived ^\'ithin the present 
limits of the county of Boone. Reared amid 
the scenes of farm life, his early years were 
marked by great activity; and industry, which 
he learned in the rugged school of experience, 
has ever since been one of his cardinal virtues. 
He early determined to devote his life to agri- 
cultural pursuits, and how well he has succeed- 
ed is attested by the comfortable home which 



he now owns in Worth township. Mr. Har- 
mon was married in Boone county, July 19, 
1849, to Martha Jones, after which he located 
on a farm in Eagle township and there resided 
until his removal, in 1859, to the township of 
Worth, where he now lives. Mr. Harmon be- 
gan life for himself with but little if any finan- 
cial aid, and his present beautiful place, con- 
sisting of 1 19 acres of well cultivated land and 
substantial improvements, represents the fruit 
of his own industry. He is a man highly re- 
garded in the community where he resides, 
and his life has been characterized by honor- 
able dealings with his fellows, and it is praise 
worthily bestowed to ascribe to him a popular- 
ity such as few citizens of Worth township en- 
joy. For a number of years, he and his faith- 
ful wife have been active members of the 
Methodist church, the pure teachings of which 
they exemplify in their daily lives. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Harmon have been born eleven chil- 
dren, names and dates of births as follows — 
John E., August 20, 1850; Mary, September 
6, 1S52; James H., January 18, 1855; Alice 
A., December 9, 1S56; Abel, October 3, 
1858; William L., September 9, i860; 
Charles E., April 5, 1862: Elmer G., Septem- 
ber 26, 1864; Martha J., September 28, 1866; 
Matilda E., November 11, 1869, and Armina 
L., April 2, 1871. Mrs. Harmon is the daugh- 
ter of Evan and Matilda (Dome) Jones, early 
pioneers of Boone county, and was born on 
the twenty-third day of May, 1828, in Harri- 
son county, Kentucky. 

BW. HARRISON, who has been a 
resident of Lebanon for thirty-three 
years, and been actively engaged in 
the practice of the law for more than 
thirty-five years, descends from an old English 
family that came to this country over a hun- 
dred years before the Revolutionary war, sev- 

eral members of which settled in Maryland. 
Robert H. Harrison, General Washington's 
private secretary in the war of the Revolution, 
and later one of the associate judges of the 
supreme court of the United States, was of the 
same family. That the Virginia and Mary- 
land Harrisons are related is supported only by 
tradition. Certain christian names among the 
men common to each seem to indicate that 
they were of the same origin. 

Joshua Harrison, great-grandfather of the 
subject of this sketch, was born in Maryland. 
He married Sarah Selman, and they reared a 
large family. He was a soldier in the Revo- 
lutionary war on the side of the patriots. In 
1784 he removed to Hardin county, Ky. , and 
resided in the neighborhood of the grandfather 
of President Lincoln, whose name was also 
Abraham Lincoln, then called "Linkhorn," 
and often in after years related the incident of 
the murder of Mr. Lincoln by the Indians. 
He was a large man, six feet and two inches 
in height, and weighed two hundred pounds. 
His encounters with the savages in "the dark 
and bloody ground " were many. He subse- 
quently removed to Harrison county, Ind., 
I where he died at the age of eighty years. His 
son Caleb was with General Harrison at the 
battle of Tippecanoe, and, it was said, fired 
the first gnn in that memorable engagement. 
Joshua Harrison, son of the above, was born 
in Frederick county, Md., and at the age of four 
years was taken by his father to Hardin county, 
Ky. , where he grew to manhood among the 
pioneers and received the usual education for 
the times. He moved to Shelby county, Ky., 
and subsequently married Sarah Paris. He 
was a man of the most amiable tem- 
per, and was universally respected among 
his neighbors. Although born in a slave 
state, and a slave-holder, he was inflexibly 
opposed to slavery, and in 1829 sold his 
real property, left his slaves in Kentucky 



and removed to Montgomery county, Ind. 
The reason for the change was wholly on 
account of the existence of slavery in the 
former state. The law, at that date, prohib- 
ited a slave-holder from making his slaves free 
unless he became security for their good be- 
havior, but his slaves remained practically free, 
receiving their earnings and making their own 
living, until the proclamation of Abraham Lin- 
coln, in 1864, made them actually free, and 
none rejoiced more than their old owner. He 
represented Montgomery county, Ind., in the 
legislature in 1841, being the only office he 
ever held, but disputes or questions to be set- 
tled by arbitration or compromise among his 
neighbors were generally submitted to him, 
and there was not much litigation from the 
community in which he lived. He died at his 
home in Ladoga, where he resided with his 
son-in-law. Judge James F. Harney, in i 870, 
at the advanced age of ninety years. 

James H. Harrison (commonly called 
Harvey Harrison), son of the above and father 
of Robert W. Harrison, was born December 
7, 1807, in Shelby county, Kentucky. The 
schools in that day hardly deserve the name, 
consequently his school education was limited, 
yet he was well read, and for a man of his 
opportunity was unusually well informed. His 
memory was extraordinary, both of men and 
events. About the time he was twenty-two 
years of age he removed from Shelby county, 
Ky. , to Montgomery county, Ind., and mar- 
ried Elizabeth, daughter of George and 
Rebecca (Kelly) Watkins, whose parents were 
of Welch and Scotch-Irish descent. To 
James H. Harrison and wife were born eleven 
children, viz: Robert W., Charles B., John 
K., William C, Joshua P., James H., Thomas 
H., Sarah R., Mary, Louisa J. and Caroline, 
all deceased e.xcept Joshua P., Sarah R., 
Caroline and the subject of this mention. Mr. 
Harrison was a substantial farmer of Mont- 

gomery county, Ind. He probably raised, 
bought and sold, covering a period of fifty 
years, more live stock than any other farmer 
in western-central Indiana. In 18S2 he sold 
his farm in Montgomery county, and removed 
to Douglas county, Kan., where he died 
January 8, 1892, at the advanced age of eighty- 
four years. He was a man of strong con- 
victions, a whig until the dissolution of that 
party, then a republican, casting his first vote 
for president for John O. Adams, and his last 
for Benjamin Harrison, and never missing an 
election. He served in the general assembly 
of Indiana in the 'forties. He was a remark- 
able specimen of physical manhood, being six 
feet high, very compactly built and weighing 
about two hundred and twenty pounds. He was 
vigorous in both mind and body, and retained 
his memory to his death. 

Robert W. Harrison was born May 4, 1833, 
near Ladoga, Montgomery county, Ind. He 
received an ordinary common-school education, 
and at the age of nineteen began teaching in 
the schools of his native county; then for about 
two years he attended the Bloomingdale acad- 
emy, in Parke county, under the auspices of 
the Society of Friends, and at that time pre- 
sided over by the late Barnabas C. Hobbs. 
The latter part of 1856 he entered the law de- 
partment of Asbury (now DePauw) university, 
and completed the law course of that institu- 
tion under the instruction of Judge Alexander 
C. Downey and the Hon. John A. Matson, 
and was, in October, 1858, elected prosecut- 
ing attorney for the Crawfordsville circuit, 
then composed of the counties of Parke, Vermil- 
lion, Fountain, Montgomery, Boone, Clinton 
and Warren. He discharged the duties of the 
position in a manner entirely satisfactory, never 
missing a term of the court in four years, and 
and was re-elected, and complimented by be- 
ing ahead of his ticket in each and every 



The first two years of his career as prose- 
cuting attorney he resided at Crawfordsville, 
and in January, 1861, after his re-election, he 
came to Lebanon. He first formed a partner- 
ship with the Hon Thomas J. Cason, who was 
afterwards judge of the common pleas court, 
and a member of congress. The firm thus 
constituted continued six and a half years. In 
January, 1S67, he entered into a law partner- 
ship with the Hon. A. J. Boone, which con- 
tinued until the death of the latter, in 1885. 
He subsequently practiced with Judges Abbott, 
Terhune and B. S. Higgins. Mr. Harrison 
has always been a public-spirited man, and 
has assisted, to the e.xtent of his ability, in 
every enterprise that tended to develop the 
country or improve the city in which he lived, 
and was active in assisting to secure an addi- 
tional railroad throughout the county. His 
brother. Dr. Thomas H. Harrison, and he in- 
troduced the free gravel road system in this 
county. The brother? held' the first public 
meetings, presented the first petitions to the 
county board of commissioners, and secured 
the first orders for the establishment of free 
gravel roads, and may be said to be the pio- 
neers in that important improvement, which 
has done so much for this county. He is a 
member of the Grand Army of the Repulic, a 
Mason, and a member of the Methodist Epis- 
copal church. He has always been a republi- 
can, and cast his first vote for president for 
Gen. John C. Fremont, and subsequently for 
Lincoln, Grant, Hayes, Garfield, Blaine and 
Harrison. While he was a strong republican 
as between it and other parties, he yet claimed 
Jto be ready at any time to give up the party if 
a better organization should appear. With 
him, principle was everything and party noth- 
ing, but he regarded the republican the proper 
medium through which principle was to be 
maintained. He thought the republican vastly 
superior to any other party. 

In 1863, soon after the expiration of his 
office, he enlisted in the One Hundred and 
Sixteenth regiment of Indiana volunteers, and 
was made captain of company G, and served 
with said command daring the service of the 
regiment. He led his company at the battles 
of Blue Springs, Tazewell and Walker's Ford. 
The service in which Capt. Harrison en- 
gaged was said to be very severe, marching, 
starving and enduring privations equal to any 
other service of the great war for the suppres- 
sion of the rebellion. He at no time took 
special pride in his military record or military 
matters. He regarded the war as a terrible 
necessity, and only engaged in it from a sense 
of duty to the country. War, in his mind, 
was under all circumstances to be deprecated, 
and avoided if possible, and nothing but a war 
for the life of the nation would ever have en- 
listed him. He was never habitually called by 
his military title except by his old soldier boys; 
the rest of the world universally styled him 
"Bob" Harrison. He is genial in his nature, 
cheerful in disposition, forms strong personal 
attachments and is personally popular. 

Whilst it is true he has been active in 
politics, it has always been for the benefit of 
others and what he thought was the best for 
the country, never having held office other 
than that spoken of above. He was twice 
presidential elector, which could hardly be 
styled an office. He is a man of decided con- 
victions and a positive character. His law 
practice has been mostly on the civil side of 
the docket, involving almost every grade or 
character of civil practice; yet he has been 
counsel in many criminal cases of nearly all 
kinds of crime, including about thirty-five mur- 
der cases. He has always been inflexibly true 
to his clients, making their interest paramount 
to every other consideration. So far as in- 
tegrity and fair dealing are concerned, he has 
the confidence of the entire community. He 



has had as much law business as any other 
resident attorney in >the county. He advised 
no one to go into a law suit if it could be set- 
tled or compromised, and such advice was 
given regardless of how it might affect his per- 
sonal interest. It was his boast that he had 
settled and compromised more questions of 
contention that he ever litigated. His opin- 
ion might be wrong, but no one doubted 
his honesty. His motive always stood un- 

He was married April 2, 1865. There is a 
daughter surviving. Miss Mary Lou Harrison. 

>Y*OSIAH S. HARRISON, who has been 
m a resident of Lebanon, Ind., for eleven 
A 1 years, descends from an old English 
famil}' that came to this countr\' over a 
hundred years before the Revolutionary war, 
several members of which settled in Maryland. 
Robert H. Harrison, Gen. Washington's pri- 
vate secretary in the war of the Revolution, 
and later one of the associate judges of the 
supreme court of the United States, was one 
of the same family. 

Greenbery Harrison, great-grandfather of 
Josiah S., was born in Maryland. In 17S4 he 
removed to Hardin county, Ky. , and resided 
in the neighborhood of the grandfather of 
President Lincoln. Josiah Harrison, the 
grandfather of the subject of this sketch, was 
also born in Maryland, and Simpson Harrison, 
the father, was born in Kentucky, and later 
came to Boone county, Ind., where he marrie':' 
Martha Roberts in May, 1837, and settled ;n 
a farm on the north side of Sugar creek, in 
Clinton township, where he remained- until 
his death in 1S76. at the age of si.xty-three. 
To Simpson and Martha Harrison were born 
seven children, viz; John, .Amy R. , Josiah S., 
Edward D., Avis G., Sarah A. and Flora, all 
of whom lived to years of maturity except 

John, who died at the age of three years. 
Politically he was a whig until the dissolution 
of that party, then a republican, and strong 
in his convictions. He was a Methodist, and 
his home was a favorite stopping place for the 
itinerant preachers, and a preaching point for 
many years. 

Josiah S. Harrison was born October 9, 
1S43, near Mechanicsburg, Boone county, Ind. 
He received an ordinary common school edu- 
cation. He has always been a republican, and 
cast his first presidential vote for Lincoln, and 
subsequently voted for Grant, Hayes, Gar- 
field, Blaine and Harrison. With him princi- 
ple was everything, but he regarded the repub- 
lican party the proper medium through which 
principle was to be maintained. July 23, 186 1, 
he enlisted in the Eleventh regiment of Indi- 
ana volunteers, called the Zouave regiment, 
and commanded by Lew Wallace, later Gen. 
Wallace. He was a true and faithful soldier 
until he was discharged at Crump's Landing, 
Tenn., March 31, 1862, on accc \::t of general 

August 20, 1863, he married Caroline Riley, 
daughter of James and Matilda E. (Garret) 
Riley. To them were born three children, 
namely IraE. , Edward J. and John B. Ed- 
ward J. died at the age of seven years; Ira E. 
was married in Lawrence, Douglas county, 
Kans., to Theodosia A. Bishop, in 1884, 'and 
moved to Lebanon, Boone county, Ind., where 
he resides at this writing. 

.April, 1S78, the subject of this sketch was 
elected trustee of \\'ashington township, and 
served two years, and afterward was appointed 
to fill the une.xpired term of George E. Con- 
rad, who had resigned. April, 1S82, he was 
elected his own successor, which trust he held 
until September 10, 1883, when he resigned 
and moved to Lebanon, and accepted a deputy- 
ship under John W. Hawkins, county treas- 
urer. In 1886 Mr. Harrison was elected countv 



treasurer, and filled the office with so much 
ability and fidelit}' that, in iSSS, he was re- 
elected with an increased majority. At the 
expiration of his office, he engaged in the 
abstract and loan business, at which he is still 
engaged. He is .a member of the Grand Army 
of the Republic, of the I. O. O. F. and of the 
Methodist church. After the death o' Caro- 
line (Riley) Harrison, he married Elizabeth A. 
Keys. August ii, iSSo, daughter of John and 
Frances (Hawkins) Keys, 

>j*OSEPH R. HAWK, M. D., eminent as 
■ a specialist, at Thorntoun. Boone coun- 
/§ 1 ty, Ind., was born in Mason county. 
Ky. , October 15. 1 833, a son of Charles 
and Araminta (Collins) Hawk. Charles Hawk, 
the father, was born on the ocean, October 
14, 1790, in coming to America from Germany. 
His parents located at Little. York, Pa., and 
there Charles grew to manhood, receiving a 
good education at Philadelphia, and there pre- 
paring himself for the practice of medicine, 
after graduating in which he immediately be- 
gan practice in the town of Dover, on the 
Ohio river, in Mason county, Ky.. whence. 
in a short time, he moved to Carlisle. 
Ky. , and from there, in 1S41, removed to 
Midford, Decatur county, Ind., and eight- 
een months later to Cloverdale, Putnam 
county, Ind., where he practiced until 1S43. 
when he settled in Mooresville, Morgan coun- 
ty, Ind., where his death occurred October 14. 
1863. By his marriage in Dover, Ky., in 
1 82 1, to Araminta Collins, a daughter of 
Thomas Collins of Kentucky, he became the 
father of fourteen children, who were named 
William, Elizabeth, Mary Ann, Rachel, Char- 
lotte an infant (deceased;, John, Joseph R.. 
Thomas, Chambers, Helen, Ina, Sarah and 
Robert D. O. The parents of these were 

members of the Christian church, and in poli- 
■tics the father was a democrat. 

Joseph R. Hawk was but ten years of age 
\shen brought to Indiana. He was educated 
in the common school until fourteen years old, 
after which he worked at anything he was able 
to do until he was seventeen, when he began 
the study of medicine under his father, which 
he assiduously pursued until twenty-one. He 
then passed thirteen months in Knoxville, 
Io\ya, at bookkeeping; then returned to Moores- 
ville, Ind., and followed the same vocation in 
a general stor'. for three years, and for a year 
afterward had charge of the store, and then 
went to Waverly, Morgan county, Ind,, and for 
eighteen months practiced medicine; then re- 
turned to his father and practiced until the 
opening of the war. August 7, 1S62, he en- 
listed in company E, Twelfth Indiana infantry, 
for three \ears. He faithfully and heroically 
served two years and ten months, when he 
received an honorable discharge at Indian- 
apolis, and now receives a pension of $16 per 
month for his gallant behavior before Rich- 
mond. \'a. In 1867 he made Indianapolis his 
headquarters, and traveled as a specialist until 
1S70, when he located at Beckville, Mont- 
gomery county, Ind., where he remained until 
1873, when he came to Thorntown, where he 
has ever since remained, with the exception of 
five years passed in Colfax, enjoying a most 
excellent practice at both places. 

The marriage of the doctor was solemnized 
November 28, 1871, in Montgomery county, 
Ind., with Sarah E. Sharer, who was born in 
Lodoga, Montgomery county, Ind., June 3, 
1852. the daughter of David and Hettie 
Bruce) Sharer, and to this happy union four 
children have been born, and named as fol- 
lows: Nellie R., Pearl, Ruby Ray, and OllieG. 
D. Mr. and Mrs. Hawk are members of the 
Presbyterian church, and in politics the doctor 
is a democrat. He has won for himself an 



enviable reputation as a physician, and social- 
ly he stands with th§ best people of the town- 
ship and county. [Since the above was placed 
in type, the sad news of the death of Dr. 
Hauk has been received. — Ed. 

>-j* K. HENRY, the well known farmer 
M and stock raiser of Jackson township, 
A 1 Boone county, Ind., with his post-office 
at New Ross, across the Montgomery 
county line, was born March 7, 1847, '" 
Scott township, Montgomery county, Ind., 
and was reared on a farm. His grandfather, 
David Henry, was one of the pioneers of that 
county, was the owner of 4S0 acres of good 
land, but died on his way to California during 
the early gold excitement. His son, M. M. 
Henry, was born on the old homestead, be- 
came one of the largest land owners in west 
central Indiana, owning i,iSo acres of land, 
and was a most influential citizen. He mar- 
ried Nancy LaFollette, who bore him the fol- 
lowing children: J. K., Louisa C, Andrew L., 
Ciressa, John M., Miranda A. and M. M., Jr. 
His death took place in July. 1S91, and he 
was buried under the auspices of the Knights 
of Pythias. 

J. K. Henry, February 4, 1S69, married 
Miss Janetta Tague, daughter of John and 
Christina (Pefi^ey) Tague, the former a well- 
known farmer of Putnam county, Ind., and 
famous as a breeder of Chester \\'hite hogs. 
The union of Mr. and Mrs. Henry has been 
blessed by the birth of six children, in the fol- 
lowing order: Arminnie, Mary L. , Charles A., 
Myrtle M., Floyd T., and Otto K. But, sad 
to relate, death invaded this happy domestic 
circle, January 6, 1892, and carried away, to 
a still happier home, the eldest child, Ar- 
minnie, in her twenty-third year. She was a 
refined and highly cultured young lady, was 
very popular with the young people of her 

neighborhood, who adored her for her many- 
graces of mind and person, and was the idol 
of the household. Mr. Henry settled in Jack- 
son township in 1869 and purchased 1 1 1 acres 
of good land, which he has converted into one 
of the best in the township. In 1880 he went 
to Rush county, Ind., and purchased for $111, 
at public vendue, the yearling stallion, Poca- 
hontas Sam, now the most famous horse in 
Indiana as a getter of speedy foals, and still 
stands on Mr. Henry's farm at $50 for a guar- 
antee. Of this great stallion the Western 
Horseman has the following to say: Pocahon- 
tas Sam was foaled in 1879, and is therefore 
coming fifteen years of age. In color he is a 
beautiful red chestnut, stands full sixteen 
hands, and possesses substance in keeping 
with his height; his bone and muscle are fault- 
less, being heavy, but free from bulkiness. 
He was sired by that well known progenitor 
of trotting speed, Pocahontas Boy, sire of 
Buffalo Girl, 2:12.^, Raven Boy, 2:15^, and 
many others in the standard list. Pocahontas 
Boy stands to-day the source of more extreme 
speed at the pacing gait than any other sire 
known in the history of Indiana stallions, and 
his blood, when combined with that of other 
great sires, is regarded by astute breeders as 
golden. From his blocd have come such per- 
formers as Cambridge Girl, 2:i2j, Jessie L. 
(4), 2:121, Touch-Me-Not, 2:13!, and a multi- 
tude of others below 2:20, all of which secured 
records in hotly contested races. The Regis- 
ter tells us his dam was Fanny (dam of Low- 
land Girl, 2:i9.\, Hero, 2:28, and Star \\"., 
trial 2:27.1), by Blue Bull 75. Lowland Girl 
(four years 2:17^) is the dam of Dancourt (3), 
2:21^, and Gov. Alger, 2:24.^. Pocahontas 
Sam, as his breeding would warrant, is an ex- 
ceptionally fast horse, although his record of 
2:27 J does not bear out the assertion. During 
his racing career he started in ten races, all 
over half-mile tracks, and in everv instance 



won either first or second money, He has 
gone full miles to an old style sulky in 2:iS 
over a half-mile track, and a half in i :04. At 
eight years of age he did not have, all told, 
over fifteen living foals, and from that number 
have come Pixley Boy, 2:12, and Poca Eagle, 
2:2ii, both over half mile tracks. His others 
are: Touch-Me-Not, 2:13!, Ziglar, 2: 17I (half 
mile track), and the trotter, Billy E., 2:29^. 
In speaking of his merits as a sire his owner 
makes this pointed observation; "Give Sam 
good mares and I don't think that horse lives 
that can beafhim siring a high rate of speed. 
Sam's colts are a poor man's horse — they 
come quickly. When one shows you 2:40 you 
can bet it will soon beat 2:20. If anyone does 
not think Sam is a sire of speed, come to my 
place and I will convince him that he is." Mr. 
Henry has refused $10,000 for this wonderful 
animal, but to part with him would be almost 
as bad as parting with one of the family. 
Pocahontas Sam has been spoken of very fa- 
vorably by all the sporting papers and live 
stock journals of America. Besides being one 
of the leading farmers and stockmen of Boone 
county, Mr. Henry stands high as a progress- 
ive and public-spirited citizen. He is a mem- 
ber of the New Ross lodge. No. 294, K. of P., 
and his integrity has never been touched by 
even a breath of suspicion. 


'ILI.IAM N. HENRY, a prosperous 
farmer of Center township, Boone 
county, Ind., is a native of the 
county, and is a son of Martin 
Henry, a pioneer. Martin Henry was born in 
Kentucky, February 4, iSoi, and between 
1830 and 1832, came to Boone county, Ind., 
and entered 276 acres of land, on part of 
which his son William now lives. Returning 
to Kentucky, he passed his time until between 
1833 and 1834, when he returned to Indiana. 

and in Putnam county married Mary Stevens, 
born May 2, 181 3, and at once settled on his 
Boone county property. On this land there 
were born the following children to Martin and 
Mary Henry: John S., December 12, 1834; 
Rebecca A., February 6, 1836; George, Sep- 
tember 28, 1S37; David M., Novembers, 1839; 
William N., October 4, 1 841 ; Margaret I., Octo- 
ber 10, I S44; Thomas J., December 6, 1846; 
James M., November 12, 184S; Charles A., 
June 23, 1850; Lydia O,, February 7, 1S53; 
and Mary E., October 10, 1856. Boone county, 
at the time Martin Henry made his settlement 
and broke land, was a wilderness in every sense 
of the word, but he bravely set to work and 
cleared away the heavy timber from his farm, 
built a log cabin and made for himself and young 
family a comfortable home. He gained the 
respect of all who knew him, was thrifty and 
industrious, and beside his 276 acres in Boone 
county, Ind., acquired a farm of 240 acres in 
Benton county, Iowa. His fellow-democrats 
made him township supervisor for one term 
and otherwise reposed their confidence in his 
integrity, and he died a strong Union man Au- 
gust 17, 1866, honored by all who knew him. 
William N. Henry, with whose name this 
biographical sketch opens, grew up among the ■ 
pioneer scenes and e.xperiences of Center town- 
ship on the farm on which he was born, and 
which he still occupies, receiving his education 
in the rude school house of his then rude dis- 
trict. In 1864 he enlisted in company G, One 
Hundred and Sixteenth Indiana volunteer in- 
fantry, of which company Dr. Bounell of Boone 
county was captain, but was succeeded by 
Capt. Robert H. Harrison. The principal duty 
of the company was in Kentucky and Tennessee, 
including a skirmish at Brigg's Springs, Ky., and 
after a service of seven months Mr. Henry was 
honorably discharged. William N. Henry first 
married Emily, the daughter of Jesse and 
Sarah (Click) Parey, and to this union w€re 


born two children, Charles and David, both of 
whom are still living. After the death of His 
first wife, Mr. Henry married Jodie F. , daugh- 
ter of John F. and Kittie A. (Kersey) Beck, 
and to this marriage have been born four chil- 
dren, named Glenn, Otto, Calvin and Gladdy 
F. The grandfather of these, John F. Beck, 
is an old settler of Center township, Boone 
county, and is a highly respected farmer, own- 
ing 127 acres of well cultivated land, on which 
he is passing his declining years in peace and 
comfort. Mr. Henry is in politics a democrat; 
fraternally, is a member of Boone lodge. No. 
9, A. F. & A. M., in which he has filled the 
office of deacon, and he is also a member of 
Rich Mountain post, G. A. R., at Lebanon. 
He has made the old homestead a model of 
neatness, as well as a source of profit, and is 
held in high esteem among his neighbors, both 
as a good farmer and as a good citizen. 

eGBERT HIGBEE is an honored resi- 
dent of Elizaville, Boone county, 
Ind., and was born January 6, 1832, 
in Brown county, Ohio; he is the son 
of James Higbee, born in 1798, and comes of 
German and Irish extraction. His mother 
was Sarah (Mann) Higbee, born in Brown 
county, Ohio. She was a zealous christian 
woman, and died before the family were grown. 
Their children were William, John, Egbert, 
Elizabeth, Amanda, Eveline, Harriet, Harvey, 
Edith, Helen. James Higbee was not favored 
with educational advantages, but being natur- 
ally quick and smart he made his way success- 
fully through the world. He entered 160 
acres in Adams township, Hamilton county, 
Ind., where he farmed and made cattle raising 
a specialty. Politically he was a democrat, 
was a member of the Christian church, and 
died aged sixty-four years. 

Egbert Higbee was married May 7, 1861, 
to Annie Stratton, born October 2, 1840, in 
Preble county, Ohio. She was educated at 
the school managed by the Society of Friends, 
and is a highly cultured lady, has taught for a 
number of terms, and is the granddaughter of 
Eli Stratton, who is of English ancestors, his 
wife being Eunice Dallas, who sprang from 
Welch ancestors. He was a merchant and 
lived in Philadelphia. In 1822 they moved to 
Ohio, which was then a wilderness. His son, 
who was fourteen years of age, on seeing 
wolves, thought they were dogs and told his 
father he could not tell whose dogs they were. 
His father said, "don't stop to look at dogs, 
for they are wolves." He opened a country 
store where were sold all kinds of merchandise. 
One day a woman who had failed to buy calico 
that was fast colors came to look at some 
dishes, of which they were all patterns and 
colors made in those days. When asked 
which color she whould have, she replied, "any 
color that will hide dirt." He built a grist 
mill and moved near Richmond, Ind., and 
there died at the age of sixty-three. He was 
an old-line whig. They were members of the 
Society of Friends, and his widow died at 
Raysville, Ind., aged eighty-seven years. 
Their children were Sarah C, who died at 
Richmond; Johnathan D. , died at New Lon- 
don, Howard county; William L. , died at 
Camden, Ohio; Joseph E., died at Carmel, 
Ind. William Stratton, born in 1808, was 
married in 1832 to Bathsheba Brown, of Preble 
county, Ohio, on a farm, and there they lived 
for fifty-three years. They were conversant 
with the "Under Ground Railroad" system, 
and knew all the stations in their part of the 
countr}-, as well as the others of the Society 
of Friends. He was politically a republican, 
then a prohibitionist. In 1885 he died aged 
seventy-seven years. Bathsheba Brown's 
grandfathter was an Englishman, his wife 



being Virgin Gaskill, wlio lived in New Jersey, 
to whom were born Joseph, Abraham and 
John (twins), Clayton, Mahlon, Samuel, 
Mary, Beulah and William. They were also 
Quakers, and he a whig. Grandmother 
Stratton's maiden name was Eunice Dallas, 
who was one of the girls that strewed flowers 
in the pathway of Gen. George Washington 
when he entered Trenton, N. J. Grandfather 
John Brown married Sarah Moore in 1806, 
when in her twentieth year. From New 
Jersey they went to Miami county, Ohio, then 
to Preble county, where he died aged seventy- 
nine years. His wife, Sarah Moore, came of a 
sturdy Irish ancestor, Nathaniel Moore. His 
wife was Bathsheba Coleman, whose parents 
were English. Her father was a professional 
diver, and died, when his daughter was only 
four years old. of consumption, which was 
caused by an accident when he was delayed for 
along time under the water. Her mother died 
of the same disease. They were quite wealthy, 
but the guardian of the children managed to 
get their money for his own use. They had 
two children, named Sarah, who lived to be 
over lOi years, and David, who was ninety- 
eight years of age. The grandmother of Mrs. 
Egbert Higbee was Sarah (Moore) Stratton, 
was endowed with a wonderfully bright intel- 
lect, and a woman of uncommon beauty; so 
pronounced was this that in the city of Tren- 
ton, N. J., she was known as the "Trenton 
Beauty," and she was still handsome at the 
age of ninety. She saw Gen. George Wash- 
ington. In 1814 she and her husband, John 
Brown, came to Preble county, Ohio, and in 
1816 they entered 160 acres of land. He was 
a carpenter, but also a horticulturist, and 
engaged in the nursery business. They united 
with the Society of Friends. After the death 
of her husband she lived with her children, 
who were Nathaniel, Joseph. Bathsheba. All 
became good citizens of Preble county, and 

were tillers of the soil._ Mrs. Brown lived to 
be 101 years, one month and two days old, 
never became childish, nor was her wonderful 
intellect ever impared. On her one hundredth 
anniversary there was held a monster gather- 
ing, people coming from Virginia, Kansas, New 
Jersey and within sight of George Washington's 
home, Mount Vernon, and over 500 people 
took supper. Mrs. Higbee has a large photo- 
graph, with the likenesses of her grandmother 
and five generations, all females, taken on 
that occasion. 

Egbert Higbee, the subject of our sketch, 
was reared in Hamilton county, Ind. , where 
he lived till of age, when he went to Highland 
county, Ohio, where he labored as a carpen- 
ter. Not being satisfied, he came back to 
Hamilton county, Ind., where he purchased a 
saw-mill, which he operated. They moved to 
Elizaville in 1874, purchasing a grist-mill, 
saw-mill and the beautiful place which their 
large and commodious brick residence now 
occupies. This marriage was blessed with 
Charles E., born October 25, 1867, and 
Alfred E , born March 26, 1876, Mr. Higbee 
platted the village of Sheridan, Hamilton 
county, Ind., building the first house in what 
is now a large and prosperous town in the 
natural gas belt. He is a man of great energy 
and perseverance. Politically he is a prohi- 
bitionist, and he is a deacon in the Christian 
church. He owns lands in Kansas and other 
states amounting to 460 acres. 

BRED HOFFMAN, one of the most 
skillful photographers in the state of 
Indiana and artist of exceptionally 
good taste, has his studio in Lebanon, 
in Boone county, and had won a fine reputa- 
tion before settling here. He springs from an 
old Pennsylvania family of German origin, his 
father, Christopher J. Hoffman, having emi- 


grated from that state to Wisconsin in 1854. 
Christopher, is a cabinetmaker by trade and 
married Frances Hanson in Virginia, and they 
went to Wisconsin to live, settHng in Pleasant 
Branch, Dane county, where they still reside, 
honored and respected. 

Fred Hoffman, the artist, was born in Dane 
county. Wis, December I, 1857, at Pleasant 
Branch, was educated in the common schools, 
and learned the art of photography at the cap- 
ital city, Madison. In 1885 he came to Indi- 
ana and located at Thorntown, Boone county, 
where for four years he conducted a first-class 
art gallery, doing a most successful business 
and confirming his reputation as an artist. In 
1889 he left Thorntown and settled in Leba- 
non, opening his present tasteful studio on the 
second floor of Dick's block, South Lebanon 
street. This gallery is ninety by eighteen feet 
and is elegantly fitted with all the appliances 
that modern science has brought to bear on the 
art, chemical and mechanical. One of his 
specialties is the taking of life-size portraits, 
for which he is particularly well prepared, and 
for which he seems to have a peculiar and in- 
nate faculty. These portraits are truthful 
likenesses and never fail in giving satisfaction 
to the subject of them. Mr. Hoffman is also 
a fine crayon artist and has on exhibition a 
large assortment of his "counterfeit present- 
ments of nature " in this branch of art, which 
are worthy a visit of inspection from the art- 
loving public. Taste, refinement and superb 
execution are manifest everywhere, and clear- 
ness and distinctness depicted in every linea- 
ment. Mr. Hoffman's fame is not confined 
to the limits of Boone county, nor even to the 
borders of the state of Indiana, but has ex- 
tended to several of the surrounding states, 
where his master hand has been fully recog- 
nized. He is yet a joung, unmarried man, 
with a bright future before him. He is a mem- 
ber of the Lutheran church, and in his poli- 

tics is a republican. Fraternally, he is a 
member of Thorntown lodge, Knights of 
Pythias, and socially, his friends and acquaint- 
ances are among the best families of Boone 
county, by whom, and likewise by the public 
generally, he is esteemed for his personal qual- 
ities as well as for his artistic taste. In the 
fall of 1894 Mr. Hoffman built a two-story 
building on East Main street, twenty by seventy 
feet, with an addition of twenty-eight by forty 
feet, the lower rooms of which will be used for 
studios and the upper rooms for flats, etc. 

>^^^ of the very early settlers of Jefferson 

K^__^ township, Boone county, Indiana, is 
a native of the state and was born in 
Union county, February 6, 1816. His parents 
were Isaiah and Patience (Smith) Hollings- 
worth, natives of North Carolina and of En- 
glish descent. Isaiah came to Indiana in 1800, 
when the now state was a territory, and he 
may be fully termed a pioneer. In 1833 he 
came to Boone county, where he lived a pure 
and industrious existence until his final relief 
from earthly cares in 1873, his wife joining 
him in 1877 in that "undiscovered country from 
whose bourne no traveler e'er yet returned. " 
The lamented parents had born to them ten 
children, the names of the living being — Joseph, 
Newton, Eber, Samuel, Hannah, and Caroline, 
the names of the deceased were Smith, Anna, 
Sarah and Mary. 

Samuel HoUingsworth was reared by his 
father to a thorough knowledge of agriculture 
and has consequently made a success in life as 
a farmer. His marriage took place in January, 
1 84 1, to Miss Fanny Alexander, daughter of 
William and Elizabeth (Denny) Alexander. 
The two children born to Mr. and Mrs. Hol- 
lingsworth are Mary J., wife of George Miller, 
and the mother of three children named as fol- 


lows: Fanny M., Richard, and Florence P. 
The second child of Samuel Hollingsworth was 
named William W. , who was married, January 
14, 1S79, to Mary Chambers of Kentucky. 
This union resulted in the birth of three chil- 
dren, James S. , Olivet, and Rosco F. .After 
the marriage of Mr. Hollingsworth he settled 
down to the solid life of a farmer in the wilder- 
ness of .Indiana, where, at that time, Indians 
were about as numerous as the wild animals, 
and of the two infestments the latter were the 
more preferable, inasmuch as they afforded a 
source of food. From a small farm in the be- 
ginning, Mr. Hollingsworth has increased his 
holding to 300 acres, and is now one of the 
most prosperous farmers in the county and one 
of the most highly respected. His first presi- 
dential vote was for the old "hero of Tippe- 
canoe," \\'illiam H. Harrison, but, since the 
dissolution of the, whig party he has been a 
stanch republican. The son, William W., 
has charge of the farm. 

AVID HOLLOMAX, a leading and 
progressive farmer of Center town- 


/"^^^ ship, Boone county, Ind., although 
born as far west as the state of 
Missouri, traces his descent to some of the 
early families as far east as North Carolina, 
and their lineage ultimately to Germany. The 
earliest ancestor in America of whom any de- 
tailed trace is had was Elisha Holloman, grand- 
father of David, the gentleman whose name 
stands at the head of this article. Elisha was 
a native of North Carolina, was married in 
that state to Rebecca Walsh, but early emi- 
grated to Kentucky, and thence moved, about 
1 8 19, to Crawford county in the southern part 
of the state of Missouri, where he passed an 
active and useful life until his decease, at an 
advanced age in 1863. a devout member of the 
Baptist church. William Holloman, son of 

Elisha, and father of David Holloman, our sub- 
ject, was born in Warren county, Ky. , and 
was a mere lad when taken to Missouri by his 
parents. In that state he was reared to man- 
hood and was there married, in Crawford 
county, to Miss Margaret Thompson, daughter 
of Lovel and Mary (Sanders) Thompson, a 
well known family of Missouri. Mr. Thomp- 
son, the father, was also a Kentuckian by 
birth, and Joshua Sanders, the father of Mary 
(Sanders) Thompson, came from a Pennsyl- 
vania family that long ago settled in Kentucky. 
As early as 1818, however, Joshua Sanders 
emigrated to Washington county. Mo., and 
later to Crawford county. Mo. , of which he 
was a pioneer, going there when Indians held 
possession of that county in companionship 
with animals, herbivorous and carnivorous. 
His daughter, Mary, the grandmother of 
our subject, lived to be eighty-three years of 
age. William Holloman and wife had born to 
them ten children, of whom seven lived to 
reach the age of manhood and womanhood, 
and were named Robert G., David, Rebecca, 
Lovell T., Matilda, Sarah and William (Jr). 
William, the father of this family, was a promi- 
nent farmer and business man in Crawford 
county, Mo. , where he passed most of his life 
and was looked upon as one of its most sub- 
stantial citizens. He died in that county in 
I S 5 I , a member of the Baptist church, a demo- 
crat in politics, and honored by his fellow- 
citizens as one of the most useful and ener- 
getic inhabitants that Crawford county ever 
had within its borders. 

David Holloman, the principal of this bio- 
graphical notice, was born January 10, 1835, 
in Crawford county, Mo., as has already been 
intimated. He was quite well educated in the 
subscription schools of his district, then pioneer 
in their character, and at the age of eighteen, 
being well developed as to manhood, crossed 
the great plains to California, in search of gold, 


his brother, Robert G., bearing him company. 
The expedition started March 24, 1853, and 
consisted of twelve wagons, of which the broth- 
ers acted as teamsters, and a numerous ac- 
companiment of adventurers in search of the 
auriferous deposits. The party reached the 
northern line of California August 5, in the 
same year, and the brothers at once engaged 
in placer mining. In 1S63, Robert was seized 
with consumption, and the two brothers sought 
Santa Clara valley as a refuge for the recovery 
of his health, but this resort was of no avail, 
and Robert passed away in 1864. In 1865 
David sought his home via Panama and New 
York, and in Crawford county. Mo., August 
16, 1866, married Elizabeth, a daughter of 
John Dunlap, a soldier of the war of 18 12, and 
to this union were born four children, viz. : 
Robert G. , Reed, William T. , and one that died 
in infancy. After following farming for nearly 
eight years in Missouri after marriage, Mr. 
Holloman took his family to Santa Clara val- 
ley, Cal., in the latter part of 1873, and there 
farming engaged his attention until 18S0, when 
he returned to and made his home in Boone 
county, Ind. In the meantime, March 31, 
1877, he lost his wife, and November 17, 188 1, 
took for his second conjugal companion Miss 
Fannie, daughter of Mitchell M. and Eliza 
(Patterson) Henderson, and to this happy 
union have been born three children: Lila D., 
Newell T. and Alma M. In 1S81, also, the 
year of his last marriage, he settled on his 
present fine farm of 105 acres, on which he has 
made numerous improvements by erecting 
first-class farm buildings, and thoroughly drain- 
ing the land by putting in about 1,800 rods of 
tile, and redeeming it from its previous swampy 
condition. Forty acres have been thoroughly 
cleared, and portions of this have produced a 
crop of fifty bushels to the acre. Mr. and 
Mrs. Holloman are members of the Methodist 
church, in which he has been class leader. 

steward, and superintendent of the Sunday- 
school. In politics he is a democrat, but has 
never been an office seeker. He is progressive 
in all things, is public spirited and a strong ad- 
vocate of education, and his children are re- 
ceiving the full benefit of his proclivities in this 
direction. Center township has no citizen that 
is held in higher honor, and no citizen that is 
more sincerely devoted to the interests and 
progress of the township. His son. Robert 
Holloman, was married February 21, 1892, to 
Amelia, daughter of Thomas B. Evans, a 
prominent farmer of the township, whose sketch 
will be found elsewhere. 

nent manufacturer of Lebanon, of the 
firm of HoUoway & Turner, is also 
one of the old soldiers of the Civil 
war. His ancestors were of English stock and 
an old American family-. Jacob Holloway, 
the grandfather of our subject, was a native 
of New Jersey. He went to Pennsylvania, 
where he remained some years, and finally 
settled in Hamilton county, Ohio, and married 
there Hannah Cory, to which union si.\ children 
were born, viz : Noah, Moses, David, Amos, 
Cephas and Elizabeth. Mr. Holloway was a 
prosperous farmer and owned a large body of 
land in Hamilton county, Ohio. He finally 
moved to Warren county, Ohio, and with his 
wife became greatly interested in the doctrines 
taught by the Shakers at Shaker ^'illage, 
three miles from Lebanon, in Warren county. 
He finally took his wife and all his children, 
who were then small, and joined the Shaker 
community, and gave them all his property, 
which was then large. Here he passed the 
remainder of his days and died aged eighty- 
five years. His wife survived him and re- 
mained with the Shakers until her death, 
which occurred at the great age of ninety-one 

^ ;^-%rlU^i4r^ 



years. The children gradually left the com- 
munity as they grew up, without any of the 
property except $130 each, which Mr. Hollo- 
way, on joining them, had arranged by con- 
tract for each one to have in case the_v left the 
community. Cephas alone remained and 
passed his life among them, and died, a few 
years since, aged eighty-two years, a firm be- 
liever ill the doctrine of the Shaker church. 

Moses Holloway, the father of our subject, 
was born March 15, 1797, near Cincinnati, 
where his father was one of the very earliest 
pioneers. He received but a limited educa- 
ion, became a farmer, and was taken by his 
parents to live with the Shakers at the age of 
sixteen years. He remained with :hem until 
he was thirty-two years old, then became dis- 
satisfied and left the community, taking the 
$130. He married in ^^'arren county, having 
taken as a wife one of the Shaker maidens. 
They ran away to get married, as marriage is 
strictl}' forbidden by this society. The name 
of this Shaker maiden was Rachael Johnson. 
They settled down in Warren county and two 
children were born to them : Amos and Eliza- 

In 1835 Mr. Holloway came to Boone 
county with John Higgins, afterward a promi- 
nent farmer and citizen of Washington town- 
ship. Mr. Holloway entered 1 20 acres of 
land and cleared it up from the woods, and by 
means of thrift he bought more until he owned 
200 acres of good land. His wife died in the 
spring of 1S37, and was the first person buried 
in Hopewell graveyard in Clinton township. 
Mr. Holloway afterward married Jeanette, 
daughter of John Buntin. who came to Clinton 
county from Kentucky in 1828 and was one of 
the very earliest pioneers. They were only 
five families living on Twelve Mile Prairie 
when he settled there. He soldiered in the 
war of 18 12. To Mr. and Mrs. Holloway 
were born six children: Hannah, Amelia, John 

W. , Albert N. and Jasper M. (twins), and 
David H. Mr. Holloway died on his farm Feb- 
ruary 21, 1878, aged nearly eighty-one years. 
He was an old-line whig, afterward a republi- 
can and a strong Union man, having four sons 
in the Civil war: John M.. Albert N., Jasper 
M. and David H. John M was in company 
A, Tenth regiment, Indiana volunteer infantry, 
and served three years and was in several bat- 
tles. Jasper M. was a corporal in company 
C, One Hundred and Thirty-ninth Indiana vol- 
unteer infantry, and served four months, later 
enlisted with subject in company E, Eleventh 
Indiana volunteer infantry; David H. was in 
company E, Eleventh regiment Indiana volun- 
teer infantry, and served as a pri\ate six 
months at the age of sixteen years. Mr. and 
Mrs. Holloway were members of the Christian 
church. He was an honorable citizen, re- 
spected by all. 

Albert N. Holloway was born January 12, 
1S45, on his father's farm in Washington town- 
ship. He received a common education and 
enlisted at the age of twenty years at Lebanon, 
in the spring of 1864, in company C, One 
Hundred and Thirty-ninth Indiana volunteer 
infantry, for four months. He served out his 
enlistment and was honorably discharged at 
Indianapolis in July, 1864, and returned home. 
On the seventeenth day of February, 1S65, he 
re-enlisted as a veteran in company E, Eleventh 
regiment Indiana volunteer infantr}', under 
Capt. John T. McCauley. This was Gen. 
Lew Wallace's famous zouave regiment. This 
service was in the eastern army, and princi- 
pally around Baltimore. He served until the 
close of the war and was mustered out at Bal- 
timore, Md. , July 26, 1865, and was honorably 
discharged at Indianapolis. Mr. Holloway 
was not sick in hospital, but served actively as 
a soldier with his regiment. After his return 
home he attended the high school at Frankfort 
and gained a good education. He engaged in 



school-teaching, which he continued fifteen 
years, mostly in Boorte county. He married, 
March 21, 1879, Flora, daughter of Leland 
M. Eaton, now a substantial farmer near 
Elizaville. Five children have been born to 
Mr. and Mrs. HoUoway — Jasper Cecil, Edith 
F., Everett J., Glenn and Jessie. In 1876 
Mr. Holloway went on the home farm and 
cared for his father and mother until the death 
of his father, when he moved to a farm one 
mile east of Lebanon. In 1888 he engaged in 
the plow-handle business in Lebanon, the firm 
being Morris, Neff & Holloway, now Holloway 
& Turner. In political opinions Mr. Holloway 
is a stanch republican, socially a non-affiliating 
Odd Fellow and Knight of Maccabees, and he 
and wife are members of the Christian church, 
in which he has been deacon for several years. 
He has always taken an active interest in the 
cause of education and was president of the 
school board six years, and was one of the 
trustees at the time of the building of the new 
West side school and the Center school build- 
ing. Mr. Holloway is a self-made man. 
When he came out of the army he had but 
little education, but had the ambition to edu- 
cate himself, and became an efficient school- 
teacher, and is now a prosperous business 
man and representative citizen. 


ing farmer of Jackson township, 
Boone county, Ind., was born in 
Montgomery county, Ind., October 
3, 1S40. His great-grandfather, Henry Hos- 
tetter, was of German descent, and lived and 
died in York, Pa., where he had followed the 
vocation of a farmer. Great-grandfather Hos- 
tetter died at the age of seventy years, and his 
wife at eighty-eight. David Hostetter, son of 
the above, left his native state of Pennsylvania 
when very young, and for a short time lived 

in Virginia, and in Pickaway county, Ohio, 
and then came to Indiana, and bought 240 
acres of land in Montgomery county, which he 
improved to the fullest extent. He first mar- 
ried Polly Hicks, who died in Ohio, and after 
coming to Indiana married Mrs. Polly Boyer, 
a widow, whose maiden name was Wolfley. 
By the first marriage he was the father of the 
following children: Sherman, James, Beniah, 
Serilda, David and Mary, and by his second 
marriage the father of Lucky W. and Lewis 
L. Sherman Hostetter, son of David and 
father of William H., was born in Rockbridge 
county, Va., September 23, I S09, and was 
quite young when he went to Ohio with his 
father. When twenty-four years of age he 
came to Montgomery county, Ind., and soon 
afterward married Courtney Harrison, daughter 
of Robert and Polly (Hammer) Harrison, and 
to this union was born one child, Mary L., the 
mother dying soon after its birth. His second 
marriage was to Mary A. Byrd, daughter of 
Abram and Jane 'Randall) Byrd, and to this 
union have been born the following children: 
William H., John B., Melissa R., Phronissa 
C, Abram S., James D. , Margaret E., Lewis 
W., Allen H. and Edgar C. Sherman Hos- 
tetter was a republican of much promi- 
nence in his day, as well as a farmer 
of most progressive spirit, and in the 
latter capacity had acquired a propert)- 
of over 400 acres. He had been entrusted 
with many important offices of honor by 
the people of Montgomery county, and was 
also their representative in the lower house of 
the state legislature in 1846-48. In the year 
1 859 he settled in Boone county, Jackson town- 
ship, where his abilities as a statesman were 
quickly recognized, and in the stirring times of 
1862-64, was sent to the legislature to repre- 
sent the strong Union feelings of the county, 
which he did most forcibly and successfully. 
His nerve was made manifest on one occasion, 



when a convention was held in the legislative 
hall, and military rule threatened to override 
civil rule; a bolt was expected, and he was 
appointed to keep the door open; he took his 
stand at the designated spot, and when the 
chair ordered tha door closed, he simply thrust 
his cane in the aperture and held the door 
open for the bolt, and thus saved the state 
from absolute military control. This accom- 
lished gentleman died December 6, iS6S, and 
his widow died December 25, 1892. 

William H._ Hostetter was reared on his 
father's farm and was inured to hardship suffi- 
ciently to strengthen his muscles. August 7. 
1 861, he enlisted at North Sale. 11, Ind., in 
company A. Twenty-seventh Indiana volunteer 
infantry, in the three-year service. He was 
placed in the army of the Potomac, under Gen. 
Banks. He fought at Winchester, \'a., and 
at Cedar Mountain; he was also at the second 
battle of Bull Run; was at Antietam, where 
his corps commander, Gen. Mansfield, lost his 
life, and Mr. Hostetter twice struck by bullets: 
was next at Chancellorsville, and at Gettys- 
burg. In July, 1863, his regiment assisted in 
subduing the New York draft riots, and in Sep- 
tember was sent back to the army of the Po- 
tomac at the river Rapidan. He was then 
sent west and was at Chattanooga, in the siege 
of Atlanta, and at the battle of Resaca, at 
New Hope church, and in skirmishes innumer- 
able. His war service lasted over three years, 
and his bravery has been recognized by the 
government with a pension of $8 per month: 
but the tardy recognition was not made until 
1890. His comrades, however, since his re- 
turn home, have not failed to recall his meri- 
torious conduct in the field. By them he was 
elected the first commander of Antietam post. 
No. 524, G. A. R.. at Jamestown, Ind.. which 
membership was later transferred to Advance, 
where his worth was again acknowledged, and 
he was placed in the same position, which he 

still holds, an honor seldom granted by the G. 
A. R. The many battles in which Mr. Hos- 
tetter took part are matters of history, and the 
details of each heroic contest are too numer- 
ous to be related in the limited scope of the 
biographies intended to be given in this vol- 
ume. William H. Hostetter was married Oc- 
tober 19, 1S70, to Miss Margaret A., daughter 
of Abrani and Ann (Sanderson) Nicely, and 
they at once went to housekeeping on their 
present farm of 240 acres in Boone county. 
They have had born to them a family of three 
children, named as follows: Neva E.. Harry 
L. and .\nita, who have all received an excel- 
lent education, Harry L, , especially, being in- 
tended for a college course. Mr. Hostetter is 
the only republican who ever held the office of 
trustee in his township, and has held that of- 
fice three terms. 

I ^'^AMUEL T. HOOK, farmer and ex- 
; ■^^^T soldierof Washington tow-nship. Boone 
I KwJ/ county, Ind, was born in Bartholomew 
count}-, Ind., September 9, 1842. The 
i parents were Matthias M. and Amanda M. Ja- 
I ques ) Hook, who were among the early pioneers 
: of Indiana The father died at Indianapolis. De- 
cember 9, 1S80, at the age of se\-entv-two 
1 . ■ 

j years; the mother still survives and resides at In- 

I dianapolis. enjoying the ripe old age of eighty- 

i three. They were the parents of eleven 

; children, viz: Paulina, William H., John W., 

Lot E.. Francis M., Samuel T., Mary C, 

Martha A., Sarah E., Lousia J., and Lodoska, 

j all deceased except Martha A., Samuel T. and 

Sarah E. 

Samuel T. Hook was married in Hancock 

' county. Ind., October 13, 1864, to Sarah A.. 

' daughter of Louis and Phcebe 'Bennett) Burke, 

i both natives of Ohio and of English_and Irish 

extraction. Mr. and Mrs. Burke were among the 

early settlers of Hancock county, Ind. , and were 


the parents of twelve children, viz: Nancy, de,- 
ceased; Rachael T.,' deceased; Sophia, de- 
ceased; Amanda, deceased; Samuel L. and 
Sarah A.; Phcebe E., deceased; Lemmon O. ; 
EUzabeth A. (deceased) and Temperance V., 
twins; MaryL. , and John L., deceased. Mrs. 
Hook was born in Hancock county, Ind. , Oc- 
tober 13, 1844. In 1887 Mr. Hook settled on 
the farm on which he now lives, and where he 
has resided since. Mr. and Mrs. Hook are 
the parents of two children, viz: Frank M., 
born April .11, 1866, married Miss Nina J. 
Beck and resides in Indianapolis; he is private 
secretary for Mr. VanWinkle, the general su- 
perintendent of the C, C, C. & St. L. R. R. ; 
Glenn H., born March 28, 1870, and married 
to J. Frank Daily, who is engaged in the Leb- 
anon National bank and resides in Lebanon. 
Mr. and Mr. Hook are members of the 
Church of God. On August 9, 1862, Mr. Hook 
enlisted in company B, Seventy-ninth Indiana 
volunteers, and served until the battle of Stone 
River, at which place he was shot, his wound 
being in the right thigh near the hip joint, 
which wound disabled him for further service. 
He was honorably discharged May 7, 1863, 
and now draws a pension of $24 per month. 
Mr. Hook is as good a citizen as he was a soldier, 
and his walk through life has given full evi- 
dence of this fact. His social standing is with 
the most respectable residents of the county, 
and there are but few people in the township 
who do not feel a pride in being acquainted 
with his family. 

HDDISOXL. HOWARD.-The veteran 
soldiers are well represented in 
Boone county, and we are pleased to 
give honorable mention of another of 
its members. Addison L. Howard is a promi- 
nent farmer and a respected citizen of Boone 

county. He springs from an old colonial Ameri- 
can family of Scotch descent. Twelve brothers 
came from Scotland to the United States, one 
of whom — John — settled in Pennsylvania and 
was a soldier in the war of the Revolution. 
He married in Pennsylvania, and was one of 
the early pioneers of Kentucky. His wife was 
Margaret, daughter of James A. Alexander, of 
Mason county, Ky., of which union there were 
eight children — Cynthia A. Mary J., John W., 
James A,, William J., Henry W., Addison L. 
and Richard W. In in 1S36 Mr. Howard 
moved to Boone county, Ind., and camped in 
the woods in Clinton township, six miles 
northeast of Lebanon. He entered 160 acres 
of land in the wilderness, cleared up a farm 
and became a substantial farmer and a thrifty 
and well-to-do man. Mr. and Mrs. Howard 
were members of the Christian church. In 
political opinions he was an old time whig 
until the war, when he became a republican 
and strong Union man, and had five sons in the 
Civil war: John W. , was in company I, One 
Hundred and Twenty-fifth regiment Illinois 
volunteer infantry, served through the war, 
and was in all the battles of his regiment; 
James A., was in company F, Eighty-sixth 
regiment Indiana volunteer infantry. He was 
an orderly sergeant and was killed in the 
battle of Chickamauga and left on the field; 
William J., was in the Twentieth regiment 
Missouri volunteer infantry, was taken pris- 
oner at the battle of Lexington, Mo., when 
Mulligan made his famous defense of that city; 
Henry W., was in company- I, Tenth regiment 
Indiana volunteer infantry. He was an 
orderly sergeant, served three years, and was 
in all the battles of his regiment. For military 
record of Addison L. , see sketch below. 
John Howard, the father of this family of 
patriotic soldiers, lived to be seventy-four 
years of age and died on his farm in Boone 
county. He was a good business man, a hard- 



working, pioneer citizen, and very industrious. 
It is not too much to say of him that his word 
was as good as his bond. 

Addison L. Howard was born in Chnton 
township, Boone county, June 26, 1840. He 
received a good common, education and at the 
age of twenty-one years enlisted in company 
A, Eighty-si.xth regiment Indiana volunteer 
infantry, at Lebanon, on August 11, 1862, 
under Capt. Aaron Frazee, for three years or 
during the war, and served until honorably dis- | 
charged, June 15, 1865, at Nashville, Tenn. 
He was in the battles of Perryville, Nashville, 
Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, and was in , 
Sherman's famous Atlanta campaign. (See ^ 
sketch of Jesse Neff.) He was in the battles , 
of Jonesboro, Spring Hill, Columbia and 
Nashville, Tenn. Mr. Howard was not in a 1 
hospital, was neither wounded nor a prisoner, 
but served actively with his company and was i 
in all its battles and skirmishes. After the war 
he returned to Boone county. He had mar- 
ried, November 3, 1861, Sarah, daughter of 
Solomon and Elizabeth (Greenwell) Bartlett. ' 
To the union of Mr. and Mrs Howard were 
born six children — Mollie, Lizzie, Olive, Arthur | 
and Luther (twins) and Lois. Luther died an : 
infant. I 

Mr. Howard settled on a farm in Center j 
township and became a prosperous farmer, j 
owning 220 acres of fine land and valuable ] 
real estate in Lebanon. He votes for the > 
party who protected him as a soldier and who ; 
carried on the war — the republican party. He \ 
has always enjoyed the confidence of the peo- [ 
pie and has been held in high esteem by his j 
neighbors. He is a member of the G. A. R. , ; 
Rich Mountain post, Lebanon, and also a mem- 
ber of the I. O. O. F. Mr. and Mrs. Howard 
are members of the Christian church. The 
Howards are truly one of the patriotic families 
of Boone countv. It is seldom that five sons 1 

of any one family are soldiers in the same war, 
and the record of their services should be 
handed down in the family from generation to 
generation as a lesson in patriotism to their 
descendants. There is no man in Boone coun- 
ty that is deservedly more popular than Addi- 
son L. Howard. He is a capable and straight- 
forward business man of an energetic and ac- 
tive disposition. He has accumulated a hand- 
some property by his own exertions, and his 
integrity is unimpeached. 

>-T*OHX A. HYSOXG is one of the re- 
■ spected and prominent farmers of Jef- 
/» 1 ferson township, Boone count}', Ind., 
and a veteran soldier in the Civil war. 
His grandfather, Peter Hysong, came from 
Germany, bringing his wife and settling on 
land in Maryland. His children were John, 
Peter, Adam, Jacob, Kate and Polly, all born 
in America. At an early day Mr. Hysong 
moved to Kentucky and settled in Fleming 
county, where he became a prosperous farmer 
and miller; he lived to be an aged man and 
died in Fleming county. Peter Hysong, son 
of the above and father of our subject, was 
born in Maryland in 1799, and was brought by 
his parents, when young, to Fleming county, 
Ky. He learned the wheelwright and wagon- 
maker's trade, and married, in Kentucky, Mary, 
daughter of Samuel and Margaret Burk. Mr. 
Burk was an old settler of Fleming county, 
Ky., and a prosperous man. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Hysong were born nine children: John, 
Aaron, Stephen, Samuel, Margaret, Sarah, 
Huldah, Elizabeth and Susan. 

Mr. Hysong moved to Indiana in 182S-9, 
and settled in Putnam county, and went from 
there to Fountain county, about 1830. He 
afterward lived in Montgomery county. When 
he came to Boone county, about 1840, he lo- 



cated on land in Center township, and finally- 
settled on land in Harrison township, where he 
died, aged about sixty-one years. Mr. and 
Mrs. Hysong were members of the Methodist 
church. He voted the republican ticket and 
was justice of the peace, in Harrison township, 
rem eig"ht to twelve years. He was a very 
respectable man and brought up a good family 
of children. Three of his sons were in the 
Civil war; John A., the subject of this sketch; 
Aaron H., in company A, Eighty-sixth regiment, 
Indiana volunteer infantry, was transferred to 
the marine brigade, served to the close of the 
war and was in many battles; Stephen C. was 
in company A, Eighty-sixth regiment, Indiana 
volunteer infantry, and died suddenly in camp, 
soon after the battle of Stone River. His 
company went into that battle with thirty men 
and lost all but three. 

John A. Hysong was born in Fountain 
county, Ind., July 14, 1S3J, and was about 
nine years of age when his father moved 
to Boone county. He received his edu- 
cation in the common district school and 
learned the wagon-maker's trade at which he 
worked until the war broke out. Mr. Hysong 
was united in marriage, October 30, 1856, to 
Elenor, daughter of Robert and Nancy Burns. 
The Burns family are of Irish descent and the 
Cunninghams of Scotch descent. Robert Burns 
was a prominent farmer of Center township, 
where he settled in 1836. John and Elenor 
Hysong had born to them eight children: 
Charles P., Albert R., John L., Harry H., 
Cora B.,Mary M., Dessie M. and Fred Grant. 
Mr. Hysong enlisted in company .\, Eighty-sixth 
regiment Indiana volunteer infantry, August i, 
1862, at Lebanon, and served until honorably 
discharged July 2, 1865. He was in the battle 
of Perryville and many skirmishes. After the 
battle of Perryville he was taken sick and was 
in hospital three months, after which he was 
on detached duty. After the close of the war 

he returned to Center township. Boone county, 
Ind., where he bought a home in 1 87 1. 
In iSSi he moved to Jefferson township, 
where he now owns a fine, fertile farm of 145 
acres, beautifully situated close to Hazelrigg. 
He has drained this farm thoroughly, made 
good improvements, and now enjoys a pleas- 
ant, attractive home. 

Mr. Hvsong takes an active interest in pol- 
itics, but would never hold office. He was an 
old-time whig and one of the original republi- 
cans of Boone county, to which political faith 
he still firmly adheres, voting with the same 
unswerving loyalty with which he served his 
country in time of need, during that greatest 
war in history, and he states with pride that 
he has reared no democrat. He is a practical, 
industrious farmer, respected citizen, and stands 
hi.g:hforhis integrity and other manly character- 
istics. Three of Mr. Hysong's children are mar- 
ried. Charles P. is a member of Boone lodge, 
No. 9, Lebanon, F. and A. Nf. He married 
Bell, daughter of Noah Regan. He is a farmer 
of Harrison township, and they are the parents 
of four children : John P. , Pearl. Ruby and Fern 
Grace. Cora B. married John T. Abanathy, 
a farmer; now deceased and leaving two chil- 
dren as the fruit of this union. Mabel and Nel- 
lie. Mary M. married Abraham S. Taylor, a 
farmer of Jefferson township. The three chil- 
dren born to them were Fred. Earl and Ruth. 

Mr. and Mrs. Hysong are Presbyterians, 
and their son Charles P. and wife are mem- 
bers of the Methodist church ; Mary M. is a 
Presbyterian, of which church Dessie M. is 
also a member and the organist. She is a fine 
and natural musician. The home of Mr. and 
Mrs. Hysong is brightened by the orphaned 
grandchildren, Mabel and Nellie, who, with 
their mother, reside with them. John Hy- 
song is a member of Boone lodge, No. 9, F. 
and A. M., is also a member of Lebanon 
chapter. No. 39, Royal Arch. 


HOMAS H. IRICK is a respected and. 
well known c'ltizen of Marion town- 
ship, Boone county, Ind. He came 
from a mixture of Irish and Dutch 
ancestors. His father was John R. Irick, who 
was born in Virginia, i8oS. His brother's 
name was David, and he had a sister Cather- 
ine who married a man named Rhodeheffer. 
John R. Irick settled in Muskingum county, 
Ohio, but moved in 1848 to Eagle town- 
ship, west of Zions\-ille, Boone county, Ind., 
where he bought 280 acres, adding to it till he 
had 355 acres. His first wife lived but about 
eleven months, and her name is not known. 
His second marriage was to Celia H. Scho- 
field, and the following children were born to 
them; Hannah F,, married George Goodnight 
and lives in Kansas; Jane, married Elias 
Bishop: of Kansas; Thomas H. ; Elizabeth, 
died aged about thirty-five years; Sarah A., 
married Henry F. Goodby, who is now dead; 
Mary E. married S. B. Crane, a prominent 
farmer of Union township, Boone count}', Ind. ; 
Catherine married, March 6, i860, Jesse 
Smith, an attorney of Zionsville, Ind. ; she died 
October 30, 1893; John W. married — Fore- 
man; he died in 1876; Isabel, married James 
S. Wood; David A., married Mary J. Wing; 
Amanda, died aged fourteen; William, died 
young. Mr. Irick's second wife died Novem- 
ber 5, 1S53. His third marriage was to Mrs. 
Mar}- J. (May) Miller, and this marriage was 
blessed by the following children: Allen \Y., 
Ida May, Silas J., Dora, Alvin, Jaines, Nora, 
Alice and Claude. This Mrs. Irick, \\hen left 
a widow, married a Mr. Vermillion and moved 
to Texas. John R. Irick was a man of energy, 
industrious, and quite a trader in land. ' He 
engaged extensively in stock raising. He 
formerly belonged to the Methodist church, 
but, on coming to Indiana, joined the Christian 
society. He was justice of the peace for four 
years, and at that time that officer had charge 

of overseeing the poor. He was a stanch old- 
line whig, afterward joining the republican 
party. He was noted for his punctuality and 
promptness, and his word was as good as his 
bond. He died November 18, 1877, and was 
buried in Salem cemetery. Union township. 

Thomas H. Irick, bom November 20, 
1834, in Perry county, Ohio, was reared a 
farmer's boy, living at home till twenty years 
of 'age, when he went to Missouri, thence 
came to Indiana, making his trip in one year. 
February 8, 1855, he married Eliza A. Roberts, 
born October 25, 1834. Their children were 
Mary J., born January 5, 1856; JohnN., born 
November 19, 1857; Francis I., born August 

29, 1859; William T., born June 6, 1862; 
David W , born March 27, 1866. After mar- 
riage he farmed until 1862, when he erected a 
shingle factory south and west of Zionsville, 
which he operated for eight years. He then 
purchased his present farm of twenty acres. 
He went to Kansas in 1870, coming again to 
Indiana. His wife having died, he married, 
January 27, 1S77, Mrs. Charlotte (Kimble) 
Cornell, born January 6, 1827, being the 
widow of Thomas Cornell, born in Butler 
county, Ohio. Their family consisted of 
William, born February 25, 1844; Mary A., 
born August 21, 1846: Sarah T., born March 

30, 1850; Joseph, born September 21, 1852, 
died June, 1S78; Isaac, bom August 16, 1854, 
died June 12, 1880; James R., born June 30, 
1 861; Delia W., born October 11, 1864, died 
September 27, 1868, and Susan M., born 
April 2, 1867. Mrs. (Cornell) Irick's father 
was Joseph Kimble, born November 6, 1805, 
in Hamilton county, Ohio; he was a Methodist, 
a democrat, and a farmer owning 200 acres of 
land. He was a man of jovial disposition, of 
exceedingly fine appearance, and took delight 
in being well dressed and looking well. He 
was married March 20, 1826, to Mary Boatman, 
born December 7, 1827, in Butler county, 



Ohio. He died August 27, 1864. Their 
descendants were Chadotte, born January 6, 
1827; Sarah A., born September 27, 1828; 
James H., born January 8, 1831. James 
Boatman's wife was Ann Mills, daughter 
of Sarah Mills. She was a doctress, noted for 
her skill, considered a splendid shot with a 
rifle, and quite a hunter. She came from 
Pennsylvania. T. H. Irick, for twenty years 
at odd times has worked at the carpenter's 
bench; engaged for six years in keeping good 
horses and Jacks for stock purposes, but as 
that became unprofitable he returned to the 
carpenter's trade. He erected his frame resi- 
dence, which is roomy and commodious, and 
makes a very tasty appearance. They use 
natural gas in their home. He is a man of 
social qualities and belongs to the Horse Thief 
Detective association, atTerhune, Ind. About 
1872 he became a Mason and joined Fidelity 
lodge. No. 365. F. & A. M., and filled for 
four years the office of treasurer. He has also 
belonged to the I. O. R. M. at Zionsville, 
Ind. Politically he is a people's party man. 

>'TX ARY A. ISENHOUR.— This lady is 
ill °"^ °^ '^^ °^^ settlers of Boone 

\ ^ ^ county, who managed the farm 
many years after the death of her hus- 
band — Noah Isenhour — who was born March 
19, 1821, in east Tennessee, Cocke county. 
He was the son of Martin Isenhour, who came 
from Germany, bringing his wife, Catherine, 
and several children. They were the parents 
of ten children — John, Elizabeth, George, Con- 
rad, Moses, Noah, Simeon, David, Helena, 
and one daughter who died young. Mr. Isen- 
hour had a good farm in Cocke county, Tenn., 
was an industrious, respected citizen, and lived 
to be an aged man. He was a member of the 
Lutheran church, to which his wife also be- 

Noah Isenhour, the husband of our subject, 
was reared a farmer, received a common edu- 
cation and married in Cocke county, Tenn., 
February 14, 1843, Mary A., daughter of Isaac 
and Elizabeth. (Simms) Boyer. Mr. Boyer was 
an old settler of Cocke county, Tenn., of Penn- 
sylvania Dutch stock, and the father of a regular 
pioneer family of fifteen children — William, 
Mary A., Charles — died at thirteen years of 
age — Peter — died at three years of age — 
James, Jane, Nelson, David, Jackson — died 
young — Creed, Sarah, Martha, Catherine, 
Jonah and Harriet. Mr. Boyer died in Cocke 
county, an old man. He was a very industri- 
ous, hard-working farmer of Tennessee, and of 
honorable christian character, and an old-time 
whig in political opinions. After marriage, 
Mr. and Mrs, Isenhour settled on land in Cocke 
county, Tenn., and farmed there for about 
eleven years. August 31. 1853, the}' came to 
Indiana and settled on a farm of 160 acres one 
month later. This land was covered with 
heavy timber, with not a stick amiss. A clear- 
ing had to be made in which to build a log 
cabin, and Mr. Isenhour, through hard work 
and unceasing perseverance, finally cleared up 
a good farm, which he continued to improve 
with vigorous industry, injuring himself there- 
by, and causing his death at the comparative 
early age of fifty-three years, January 26, 1874. 
He was a republican and a strong Union man 
during the war. He was a Lutheran in relig- 
ious convictions, of which church Mrs. Isen- 
hour is also a member. Mr. Isenhour was 
an honorable man, much respected, and he and 
Mrs. Isenhour were the parents of eleven chil- 
dren — William, Catherine, Isaac, George, 
Louisa J., Elizabeth, Mary, David, Martha, 
Amanda and Joseph, who died at thirteen 
years of age. After the death of her husband, 
our subject managed the farm with great in- 
dustry and worked hard to bring up her large 
family of children. She was verily a light to 



their footsteps. Thirty-nine children have 
called her grandmother, thirty-three of whom 
are now living. Of the original homestead, 
Mrs. Isenhour has divided eighty acres among 
her children, and sold one acre, and still has a 
snug home of seventy-nine acres. She is now 
a member of the U. B. church. To such 
women as Mrs. Isenhour the community owes 
a deep debt of gratitude. She was a faithful 
mother, and spared no pains in impressing the 
principles of truth and honesty into the minds 
of her children, who are now numbered among 
our most respected citizens. 

Isaac Isenhour, son of above and a patron 
of this work, now manages the home farm. 
He was born December 27, 1847, on his 
father's farm in Cocke county, Tenn., and 
was si.x years of age when the family came to 
Boone county, in 1853. He received a com- 
mon education, was reared a farmer and mar- 
ried Margaret, daughter of Benjamin and 
Catherine (Immel) Hancock. Mr. Hancock 
was one of the pioneers and substantial farm- 
ers of Boone county. To Mr. and Mrs. Isen- 
hour have been born four children: Martha A., 
Rosa B., Mildred A. and George F. Martha 
married Ora Ottinger, a farmer of \\'orth 
township, this county. Rosa B. married John 
Laughner, a shipping clerk in a wholesale con- 
fectionery establishment in Indianapolis. 
Mildred A. married Isaac Rader, a farmer of 
this township. Mrs. Isaac Isenhour departed 
this life October 28, 18S1. Both husband 
and wife were devout members of the U. B. 
church. Mr. Isenhour was one of the found- 
ers of the U. B. church in Center township. 
He attended the first meeting ever held in the 
township, by the Rev. \Vm. Forbes, a U. B. 
minister who preached for some time in the 
homes of the settlers. He has been a mem- 
ber of this church since he was eighteen, a 
period of nearly thirty years. He has always 
taken a great interest in the prosperity of his 

church and has been class leader for many 
years and steward for three terms. He is now 
Sunday-school superintendent and chorister, 
having a good voice for singing and a thor- 
ough knowledge of church music, and is 
now training a choir of children and young 
people in music, for children's day, a beautiful 
celebration of the U. B. church. Mr. Isen- 
hour has lived to see his church grow strong 
from humble beginnings, and has the satisfac- 
tion of seeing all his children members of this 
church, which he has always liberally aided 
with his means, and assisted to build the pres- 
ent U. B. church in his neighborhood, and 
hewed the first stick of timber and put to- 
gether the entire frame of the edifice. For 
two years he has taught the young ladies' 
j class in Sunday-school. All of his children 
inherited, from himself and his mother, musi- 
cal talent and fine voices. Politically he is a 
stanch republican; he is a practical farmer, 
and is highly esteemed for his christian char- 
acter bv all who know him. 


;AACJ. ISENHOUR. -Worth township 
boasts, among its citizens, a number of 
the leading men of Boone county, with 
whom it is proper to class Isaac J. Is- 
enhour, a prominent farmer and stock raiser 
and a man of much popularify wherever known. 
Mr. Isenhour was born in Monroe countv, 
Ind., on the fifth day of January, 1841, and is 
a descendant of an old and highly respectable 
North Carolina family, several members of 
which emigrated to Tennessee about the year 
18 16. His grandparents, John and Eve Isen- 
hour, left Tennessee a number of years ago, 
emigrating to Indiana and settling in Monroe 
county about 1832, and Mrs. Isenhour died 
there some years later; subsequently John Is- 
enhour came to Boone county and died at the 
residence of one of his sons. John and Eve 


Isenhour had a family of twelve children, 
namely: Elizabeth, Peter, Catherine, George, 
John, Polly, Philip, Caleb, Jonathan, Susan, 
Lavina and Martin. 

- Jonathan Isenhour was born in North Car- 
olina, November 15, 181 5, and was brought 
by his parents from Tennessee to Monroe 
county, Ind., in his boyhood. Remarried, in 
the county of Monroe, November 9, 1837, 
Margaret Whiesand, who was born December 
22, 1818, in Virginia. Mrs. Isenhour's parents 
were pioneers of Indiana, moving to this state 
when she was quite young. In the year 1848, 
Mr. and Mrs. Jonathan Isenhour moved to 
Boone county, since which date they have been 
well known and honored residents of Worth 
township, in the growth and development of 
which they have borne no insignificant part. 
Mr. Isenhour is a large land owner, having 250 
acres in Worth township beside valuable prop- 
erty at Whitestown, where he now makes his 
home. The following are "the names of their 
children: Rebecca L. , Isaac J.. John E., 
George W. , James, William W., Ellen, Ma- 
tilda, Jonathan and Samuel, of whom three 
died in infancy. The father of this family, 
Jonathan, died at his home August 9, 1S94, 
deeply lamented by his family and neighbors. 
Isaac J. Isenhour grew to manhood in In- 
diana, and his educational training embraced 
the curriculum of the common schools, which 
he attended during certain seasons previous to 
his twenty-first year. On the eighth day of 
August, 1861, he entered into the marriage re- 
lation with Sallie C. Laughner, who was born 
August 31, 1844, in Clinton county. Ind., the 
daughter of William J. and Catherine (Har- 
mon) Laughner. Mr. Isenhour, shortly after 
his marriage, engaged in farming on his father's 
place for a part of the proceeds, and, after re- 
siding upon the same about four years, pur- 
chased twenty acres adjoining, where he re- 
mained for a limited period and then bought 

and settled upon his present home place in 
Worth township. Mrs. Isenhour died June 23, 
1877, and on March 7 of the year following 
Mr. Isenhour was united in marriage to Mrs. 
Sarah E. Larimore, widow of Jeremiah Lari- 
more and daughter of John and Priscilla (Du- 
lin) Larimore; Mrs. Isenhour is a native of 
Boone county, where she was born on the six- 
teenth day of August, 1843. By his first mar- 
riage Mr. Isenhour had one child, Zulia E., 
whose birth occurred October 24, 1869, 

As already stated, Mr. Isenhour is one of 
the leading farmers and stock raisers of Worth 
township, and his home farm, consisting of 
I23i acres, is highly improved and supplied 
with all the adjuncts necessary to render rural 
life agreeable. He is a member of the Masonic 
fraternity and with bis wife belongs to the reg- 
ular Baptist church, at Mounts Run. 

IRENEUS ISENHOUR, of Perry town- 
ship, Boone county, Ind., was born 
in Cocke county, Tenn., April 11, 
1842, a son of Coonrad and Eva (Ot- 
tinger) Isenhour. Coonrad was born in North 
Carolina in 18 18 and was a son of Martin and 
Catherine (Null) Isenhour, also natives of 
North Carolina, of German descent, and the 
parents of ten children, viz: Betsey, George, 
John, Coonrad, Moses, Noah, David, Lena, 
Simeon and Catherine. The father, Martin, 
lived to be ninety-three years old, and his wife 
to be eighty. Both were members of the 
Lutheran church. Coonrad was about eight 
years old when taken to Tennessee by his par- 
ents, where he was reared and was married, 
and where he died in 1854, the father of eleven 
children, viz: Martin, who died of fever while 
serving in the Fourth Tennessee infantry, at 
the age of twenty-eight; Jacob, Ireneus, Paul, 
Francis, Sarah, Harriet, Fronie. .•Mice, Til- 
man and Rachel. The mother still resides on 



the old homestead of 300 acres in Tennessee, 
at the age of seventy-si.\, and is a Lutheran, as 
was her husband. Coonrad was a republican, 
and prior to the formation of that party was a 
know-nothing. He was a strong Union man, 
and was robbed of over $7,000 worth of prop- 
erty during the late war by the rebels, who 
also captured himself, and were about to 
hang him for the reason that his sons had 
joined the Union forces, but he was saved by 
the intervention of friends, of whom he had a 
great number. There were nine of his chil- 
dren living at the time of his death, to each of 
whom he gave $1,200, and to his widow he 
bequeathed his 300-acre farm and $300 in cash. 
He was a man of considerable consequence in 
his time, as well as of versatility; was commis- 
sioner three different times, practiced dentistry 
and phlebotomy for his neighbors, was an 
elder in his church, and a liberal contributor to 
its support, as well as to the aid of every 
deserving enterprise. 

Ireneus Isenhour remained on his father's 
farm until twenty years old, when he married, 
in Cocke county, Tenn., January I, 1S62, 
Miss Caroline Easterly, who was born in that 
county June 11, 1841, a daughter of Philip 
and Elizabeth (Nease) Easterly. In Novem- 
ber of the same year Mr. Isenhour, in com- 
pany with his brother Jacob, enlisted in the 
Eighth Tennessee (Union) infantry, then at 
Camp Nelson, was sworn in as a recruiting 
officer, returned home and enlisted 110 men, 
whom he took to camp; he then returned to 
Cocke county, in company with another re- 
cruiting officer, James Kinser, and secured 140 
more men. He remained with his regiment 
until September, 1863, as a recruiting officer, 
and then joined the Third Tennessee mounted 
infantry as a private and was elected first cor- j 
poral; was afterward with the Eighth Tennes- 
see, taking part in all of the marches and en- 
gagements of both until the close of the winter 

of 1S63. when he was- mustered out of service 
and returned to his own county, but was in 
hiding in a cave near his own home for si.x 
months to avoid capture. Eventually escap- 
ing, he joined the Third Tennessee infantry 
and was on" active duty until mustered out, 
November 22, 1864, at Knoxville. He then 
farmed in Cooke county, Tenn., until the fall 
of 1865, when he came to Boone county, Ind., 
and located in Worth township, where he 
worked by the day two years, then bought 
fony acres in Center township and remained 
there one year; then came to Perry township 
and bought a saw-mill which he ran three 
months; then engaged in stave making in 
Worth township one year; then bought fifty 
acres east of Whitestown; sold out two years 
later and lived on rented land for a year; 
then built a mansion in Whitestown and re- 
mained there eighteen months, dealing in 
staves; then passed a year on a farm, and 
then bought si.xty acres where he now 
lives, to which he added twenty acres, all 
now well drained and otherwise improved. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Isenhour have been born 
nine children, viz : Emma, wife of James 
Fletcher; Mary, wife of F. Scott; Calvin; 
Ellen, married to Charles Burgess; Laura, 
now Mrs. A. Jones; Minerva, Melvin, Delia 
and Almeda. The family are members of the 
Methodist Episcopal church and are greatly 
respected. Mr. Isenhour is township prosecu- 
tor of Worth township, and the G. A. R. 
claim him as a member. He never has ap- 
plied for a pension. 


ILLIAM S. JETT, a prominent 
farmer and stock raiser of Sugar 
Creek township, Boone county, Ind., 
of which he is a native, was born 
December 15, 1852. The Jett family, so far 
as known, were from Kentucky, in which state 



the subject's, Stephen Jett, was 
born and reared. Stephen Jett married, in his 
native state, Nancy Gipson, a Kentucky lady 
who, after her husband's death, came to 
Boone county about the year 1 827 and with her 
son located not far from the place now occu- 
pied by the subject of this sketch. Preston 
Jett, father of William S. , was born February 
6, 1827, in Kentucky, and brought, when quite 
young, to Boone county, Ind. , grew to man- 
hood on a farm and remained with his mother 
until her death, which occurred in the year 
1870. He married, in Boone county, Mary 
C. Jessie, who was born November 27, 1829, 
the daughter of Samuel and Catherine (Porter) 
Jessie, natives of Virginia and early pioneers 
of the county of Boone. To the marriage 
of Mr. and Mrs. Jessie were born eleven 
children — John, Mary, Martha, Sarah, Jane, 
Francis, Elizabeth, David, Nancy, Eveline 
and Esteline. Four children were born to the 
marriage of Preston and Mary C. Jett — 
William S , Margaret A. (deceased), Isaac N., 
and Samuel. 

William S. Jett remained with his parents, 
assisting with the labors of the farm until at- 
taining his majority, when he purchased a 
place within a short distance of the old home 
and engaged in the pursuit of agriculture upon 
his own responsibility. His life has been one 
of great activity, and his success in his chosen 
calling has been commensurate with the in- 
dustry and energy displayed by him since his 
early youth. He married, March 6, 1873, 
Hannah M. Blacker, who was born in Clinton 
county, Ind., October 20, 1853, the daughter 
of Green and Isabella (Hinton) Blacker, to 
which union si.x children have been . born, 
namely--Norvell, Curtis L., Nina M., Florence, 
William E. and Ossie. Mr. Jett owns a fine 
farm of 209 acres, adorned with good improve- 
ments, and he is classed among the substantial 
citizens of Sugar Creek township. His 

political belief is in harmony with the demo- 
cratic party and he is an active worker in the 
Odd Fellows' fraternity, belonging to both 
subordinate lodge and encampment. He and 
wife are members of the Methodist Protestant 
church, in which they are both highly esteem- 
ed for their good works. Mrs. Jett, mother of 
our subject, lives with her two younger sons on 
the home farm, and she is now sixty-six years 
of age, hale and hearty, and her hospitable ways 
have endeared her to the hearts of a host of 

>-j*AMES W. JAMES, one of the respect- 
J ed farmers of Center township, Boone 
/» 1 county, Ind,, comes from Scotch, 
German and Irish ancestry, is a native 
of the county in which he still resides, and 
was born November i, 1843. His paternal 
grandfather moved from Virginia to Nicholas 
county, Ky. . when quite young, and his 
maternal great-grandfather, Jackson Scott, 
came from Germany and settled in \'irginia. 
The latter served seven years in the war of 
the Revolution under Washington, afterward 
located in Kentucky, and there died at the 
advanced age of iio years. The maternal 
grandfather, John Scott, was a native of 
Kentucky and quite a prominent farmer of 
Montgomery county, in that state. John J. 
James, father of James W., our subject, was 
born in Nicholas county, Ky., moved thence 
to Putnam county, Ind , then to Boone 
county, and then, in 1830, to Pulaski county, 
Ind. At that time the country was filled with 
Indians atid great droves of deer and wild 
turkeys; being a pioneer, he assisted in the 
organization of Boone. His death took place 
March 29, 1856. David James, brother of 
John J., was one of the early preachers of 
Boone county, and but seventeen years of age 
when he began his ministerial work; another 
brother, Elder Stafford, is still living. 



James \V. James was reared on his father's 
farm and educated in the common schools of 
Boone county. At the youthful age of seven- 
teen he enlisted, July 27, 1S63, in company G, 
One Hundred and Sixteenth regiment Indiana 
infantry, and did guard duty at Dearborn, Ind., 
thence went to Detroit, then to Cleveland, 
Ohio, Nicholasville, Ky., and then made 
a long, dry and hot march of 150 miles to 
Granville, Tenn. ; then made a march of 
seventeen days to Cumberland Gap — the worst 
e.xperience he had during the war — many of his 
comrades dying from starvation and fatigue; 
the next march was a double-quick through 
mud and water to Walker's Ford, four miles 
distant, where they lay on their arms at night 
in their wet clothes. Numerous skirmishes 
were had about this time. After another 
march of 125 miles to Nicholasville, Ky., 
and having been laid up with yellow jaundice 
for a time, Mr. James v\as honorably discharged 
at La Fayette, March i, 186-4. He next en- 
listed May 2, 1864, and was placed on guard 
duty for three months at Bridgeport, Ala., 
and discharged September 22, 1864; his next 
enlistment, February 14, 1865, was in the One 
Hundred and Fiftieth regiment, and he saw 
service at Harper's Ferry, Va., and Stephen- 
son's Station; was taken sick with catarrh, 
neuralgia, liver and kidney disorders and gen- 
eral debility; was sent to Cumberland, Md., 
and confined to hospital sixteen days, and was 
finally discharged at Wheeling, Va., June 
7, 1865, by general order No. "/"j , being con- 
sidered unfit for further duty, and returned to 
his home in Boone county. 

December 31, 1865, Mr. James married 
Miss Lizzie Robinson. He then bought forty- 
eight acres of his present farm, which he has 
highly improved with substantial buildings and 
first-class drainage. Mr. and Mrs. James are 
both devout members of the Methodist Episco- 
pal church and are liberal in their contribu- 

tions to its support. He votes with the repub- 
licans and is a member of the G. A. R. , Rich 
Mountain post, No. 42.- In addition to his in- 
come from his farm, Mr. James is in receipt of 
a pension from the government he assisted to 
preserve, this pension now netting him $14 
per month. He stands deservedly high in the 
estimation of the neighbors among whom he 
has resided so many years, who delight in do- 
ing him honor as a soldier and a citizen. To 
Mr. and Mrs. James have been born nine chil- 
dren, viz: William O., Mary J., Charles E., 
Belle, Henry H., Emma, Claudia, Minta E., 
and Carter S. 

@EORGE H. JOHNSON.— Prominent 
among the successful farmers and 
stock raisers of Boone county, Ind., 
is George H. Johnson, who for many 
years has been one of the representative citi- 
zens of the township of Harrison. Mr. John- 
son's ancestors belonged to that large and 
eminently respectable class of Scotch-Irish 
emigrants that sought homes on American soil 
in an early day and stamped their character so 
permanentl}- in many communities of the east- 
ern and central states, and whose descendants 
are to-day among the most substantial and law- 
abiding citizens of the republic. From the 
most reliable information obtainable it appears 
that members of the Johnson family settled 
many years ago in Kentucky, in which state 
George H. Johnson, grandfather of the subject 
of this sketch, was born and reared. George 
H. Johnson, Sr. , married Mary Walter, daugh- 
ter of George Walter, and became a resident 
of Boone county, Ind., as early as the year 
1S29, locating in Jackson township, when the 
few scattered settlements were as niches in the 
surrounding forest. In the organization of 
Boone county he was a prominent factor, and 
he became a leading man of the community 



which he was instrumental in founding, and 
also did much for the moral well-being of the 
new country, having been an active member 
of the Baptist church, several congregations 
of which he assisted in constituting. Politi- 
cally he was a democrat of the old school, and 
it is a fact worthy of note that his descend- 
ants have all taken considerable interest in 
matters political. Mr. Johnson was twice 
married, his second wife being Mrs. Mary 
Chenoweth. Patrick Johnson, son of the pre- 
ceding and -father of the subject of this men- 
tion, was born in Kno.x couuty, Ky., March 
12, 1818, and accompanied his parents to 
Boone county, Ind.. when twelve years of 
age. He was reared a farmer, and in Septem- 
ber, 1842, was united in marriage to Hannah 
Clements, daughter of John C. and Nancy 
(Highland) Clements, early settlers of Jackson 
township, and became the father of the fol- 
lowing children: George H., Mary A., James 
F. , John C. , Albert N., Martin L. , Nancy E. , 
Martha C, William P., Wilson T., Herbert, 
Florence and Willard P., all living and heads 
of families. 

George H. Johnson, whose name appears 
at the head of this mention, is a native of 
Boone county, Ind,, and dates his birth from 
the twenty-ninth day of June, 1844. He 
passed his youthful days amid the routine of 
farm labor, and in the old-fashioned log school- 
house received the rudiments of an English 
education, which, supplemented by subsequent 
years of close and intelligent observation and ob- 
servation and business contact with his fellow- 
citizens, has made him a broad-minded and 
well informed man. He early chose agricul- 
ture for his life work, and after his marriage, 
which was solemnized on the twenty-second 
day of October, 1867, with Nancy J. Martin, 
daughter of Elias and Mary E. Martin, began 
housekeeping in a little log cabin on his first 
farm, consisting at that time of forty acres 

only, a small part of which was under cultiva- 
tion, the remainder being a dense woods and 
quagmire. With the energy characteristic of 
the man, Mr. Johnson at once went to work, 
and in due season reclaimed his land, added 
to his orginal purchase from time to time, un- 
til now he is the fortunate possessor of one of 
the best improved farms in his township. His 
place is supplied with all the modern con- 
veniences of agriculture, and, in addition to 
general farming, he gives considerable atten- 
tion to stock raising, which has yielded very 
satisfactory returns financially. 

In all that goes to make up the high- 
minded, honorable citizen, Mr. Johnson is not 
lacking, and it is safe to assert that no man 
in the community in which he resides com- 
mands in a more marked degree the esteem and 
confidence of the public than he. In politics 
a democrat, he has never sought nor desired 
official preferment at the hands of his fellow- 
citizens, and as a member of the Baptist 
church, with which he has been identified 
since 1S79, his life has been a commendable 
example of the pure teachings of that faith. 
Two children ha\e been born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Johnson: William P., died at the age of 
seven years, December 10, 1876, and Carrie 
E., married Jordan Sutphin, lives at this time 
in Boone county. The grandparents of Mrs. 
Johnson were Benjnmin and Elizabeth Mar- 
tin, who resided for many years in Shelby 
county, Ky., where their respective deaths oc- 
curred. Her parents, Elias and Mary Martin, 
also residents of the same county and state, 
came to Boone county, Ind., a number of 
years ago, and here the mother still resides, 
the father having departed this life on the 
twelfth day of March, 1856. Their children 
are as follows: Nancy J., Elizabeth M. , 
Henry A., E. M., deceased. Elias Martin 
was a devoted member of the Baptist church, 
a democrat in his political faith, and is remem- 


bered as a man of high sense of honor and 
sterling integrity by all who knew him. 

■^.j'ACOB JONES is one of the represent- 
M ative farmers of Eagle township, 
/y J Boone county, Ind., and a man widely 
^-^ and favorably known. His native state 
is Ohio and his birth occurred in Morgan county 
on the eighteenth day of October, 1814. His 
father, Jacob Jones, was born October 1 8, 1794, 
in Pennsylvania, where he grew to manhood 
and where he married Elizabeth Calvert, a de- 
scendant of an old German family of the Key- 
stone state, by whom eight children were born 
to him, the subject of this sketch being the 
third in the order of birth. From Pennsyl- 
vania Jacob Jones and family emigrated to 
Morgan county, Ohio, where he remained until 
1S34, in the spring of which year he came to 
Boone county, Ind., and purchased real estate 
in Union township, where he made his home 
until about 1852. In that year he emigrated 
westward to the far-off state of Oregon, where 
the remaining years of his life were spent. 
Jacob Jones, Sr. , was four times married and 
reared twenty-three children, a number of 
whom became well known citizens of Indiana 
and other states. 

The immediate subject of this biography 
passed the years of youth and early manhood 
in his native state, where he received his edu- 
cational training in the common schools, and 
in the spring of 1834, accompanied his parents 
to Boone county, Ind., of which he has since 
been a well known and honored resident. He 
early chose agriculture for his life work, to 
which useful calling he has since devoted his 
energies, and is now the possessor of a tract of 
land in Eagle township consisting of 347 acres, 
nearly all of which is well improved and highly 
cultivated. Mr. Jones was married in Hamil- 
ton county, Ind., November 13, 1842, to Susan 

P. Miller, daughter of Louis and Polly (Mickey) 
Miller, to which union five children have been 
born, namely: Mary J., wife of \Vm. Hutton, 
residing in Union township; James N. , who 
married Anna E. Hutton, a farmer of the town- 
ship of Union; Lizzie, wife of Albert Pitts, 
living in Eagle township; John, deceased; and 
an infant that died unnamed. Mrs. Jones was 
born in North Carolina February 8, 1822, and 
came with her parents to Boone county in 
1833, and has been a resident of the same for 
a period of over sixty-one years. After his 
marriage Mr. Jones settled on his father's old 
farm, where he lived until the spring of 1852, 
at which time he purchased land of his own in 
Union township, cultivating the same until his 
removal to the township of Eagle, where he 
now resides. Mr. Jones is a prominent citi- 
zen, has lived a life of great industry, and now, 
when the frosts of age are coming on, he finds 
himself fortunately situated with a comfortable 
competency of this world's goods. His life 
has been one of great activity, and the man- 
ner in which he has met and overcome its 
i many obstacles is sufficient proof that he has, 
n a great degree, solved the problem of success. 

>j'OHN C. JOHNSON was brrn in Boone 
J county, Ind., October 8, 1849, and is a 
A J son of Patrick and Hannah (Clements) 
Johnson. Patrick Johnson was born 
in Kno.x county, Ky., March 12, 181 8, and 
Hannah Johnson was bom in the same state 
in September, 1824. They were married in 
Boone county, Ind., September 15, 1842, 
bought forty acres of land in Jefferson town- 
ship, and entered eighty acres additional. They 
became the parents of thirteen children, born 
in the following order: George H., Mary A. 
(wife of J. Johnson), James F., John C. , 
Albert N., Morton L., Nancy E. (wife of 
Charles Burke), Martha C. (wife of W. Cassi- 



day), William P., W'ilson T. , Patrick, Florence- 
(wife of S. Davis), and Herbert M. The par- 
ents now reside in Hendricks county, where 
the father owns a farm of 1 80 acres. In reli- 
gion he is a Baptist, and in politics is a stanch 

John C. Johnson remained on the home 
farm until twenty-four _\ears of age, when he 
married and located on the forty-acre farm on 
which he now lives. The date of his wedding 
was March 24, 1874, and the name of his 
bride was Martha E. Bray; she was born in 
Hendricks county, Ind., November 24, 1852, 
daughter of Alfred and Margaret Bray, who 
were respectively born in Ohio and North Car- 
olina. John C. and wife became the parents 
of seven children, as follows: Alfred \V. (de- 
ceased), Martin E. (deceased), Florida E., 
Effie L. , Mystel B., an infant that died un- 
named, and Ethel J. Mr. and Mrs. Johnson 
are respected members of the Baptist church, 
and in politics he is a democrat. He is also 
an active member of the Horse Thief Detective 
association, a society that is of greatbene fit 
to horse owners throughout the country. Per- 
ry township contains no more useful citizen 
than Mr. Johnson. 


county is noted for the number 
of well-to-do citizens who be- 
gan life here, after serving their 
country as soldiers, with small means, and, by 
practicing the virtues of industry and thrift, 
have become prosperous farmers. William A. 
Jones is an excellent e.xample of this fact. He 
descends from John C. Jones, a hardy pioneer 
of Kentucky, who was his grandfather, and 
settled at an early period in Fleming county 
in that state, where he married a Miss Swaim, 
became the father of three sons — James, John 
and Isaac, and three daughters, Hannah, 

Mary and Celie. Mr. Jones moved to Marion 
county, Ind., about the year 182S, settled eight 
miles northwest of Indianapolis, built a grist- 
mill on Big Eagle creek, and lived there until 
the end of the Black Hawk war, in 1834, 
when he moved with his family to Marshal! 
county, where he was one of the original pio- 
neers among the Pottawattomie Indians, seven 
miles north of Plymouth. He was a mechanic 
and worked at various trades, lived to the 
great age of eighty years and died in Marshall 
county. James Jones, the father of William 
Allen Jones, was born in Kentucky in 181 1 
and came with his father, when young, to 
Marion county, Ind. He learned the cab- 
inet maker's trade with one Andrew Reed in 
Franklin, Ind.. in the year 1833, and was 
a soldier in the Black Hawk war. He mar- 
ried, December 25, 1834, Lydia. daughter of 
Allen and Sallie Brock, and soon afterward 
moved to Marshall county. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Jones were born two children — James M. , 
born April 20, 1836, and \\'illiam A., March 
22, 1838, both born in Marshall county. Mr. 
Jones died at the comparatively early age of 
twenty-seven years, in November, 1838. He 
was a man of excellent character, industrious 
and respected. Lydia Jones, at the death of 
her husband, returned to the home of her 
father, Allen Brock, in Boone county, where 
she lived with her two children until she was 
married, January 27, 1841, to John Lowe, 
with whom she lived happily until her death, 
July 17, 1885. Lydia Brock was born May 
9, 181 1, in Grainger county, Tenn., near 
Tazewell, and came to Indiana with her par- 
ents, who located in Putnam county, on the 
Walnut fork of the Eel river, where they re- 
sided until about 1S30, when they removed to 
Boone county and settled about six miles east 
of Lebanon. Allen and Sallie Brock, her par- 
ents, reared a family of ten children — five 
sons and five daughters, viz : Jayhus, Nancy, 



Liddy, Allen, Sallie A., Rhoda, Hiram, Prior, 
Louisa, and Campbell, all of whom married 
and reared respected families. John Lowe was 
born March 4, 1813, was brought to Indiana in 
November, 1S16, while the state was yet a 
territory, and came to Boone in 1S26, four 
years before the county was organized. 

William A. Jones received the education of 
the district school and during the winter of 
1860-61 attended Crawfordsville college. In 
August, 1862, he enlisted at Indianapolis, as a 
musician of the brass band. Thirty-ninth Ind- 
iana volunteer infantry. After a spell of 
pneumonia of about six weeks' duration, Mr. 
Jones was ordered, with his company, to report 
to the regiment at Camp Nevin, Ky. , and Mr. 
Jones stayed with the company until January, 
1863, when he was discharged at Mumfords- 
ville, Ky. , by general order, regimental bands 
having been discontinued. . After the war Mr. 
Jones came to Boone county and engaged in 
the saw-mill business, which he followed suc- 
cessfull}' for years. In 1S65 he engaged, in 
company with Jacob H. Laughner, under the 
firrn name of Laughner & Jones, in Marion 
county, Ind. , and continued three )-ears. In 
1870 he moved to Boone county and settled on 
his present farm of 148 acres. This land was 
covered with splendid timber of many varieties, 
and Mr. Jones put up a saw-mill on it, which 
he operated for two years, the hugh trees of 
oak, walnut, ash, popular and elm, making 
the best of timber. Mr. Jones gradually cleared 
up his farm, to which he turned his entire 
attention, and now has one of the best in 
Boone county, which he has improved and 
drained well, and on which he has erected 
good buildings. On November 22, 1865, he 
married, in Boone county, Allie C, daughter 
of William and Mary (Hamilton) Hunter. 
Mr. Hunter was a silversmith in Indianapolis 
and was from an old Kentucky family, who 
were of Pennsylvania-Dutch stock, first set- 

tling in Ohio, afterward Kentucky, and then 
Indiana. He and wife were the parents oi 
three children — Walter H., Allie C. and one 
who died young. Walter H. Hunter was in 
Col. Oyler's regiment Indiana volunteer 
infantry. He enlisted at the breaking out of 
the war, and was among the missing at the bat- 
tle of Resaca. His body was never found. Mr. 
Hunter died at Greenwood, Ind., at the home 
of Henry Hunter, and Mrs. Jones was left an 
orphan at three years of age, her mother 
having died one year previously. She was 
brought up b}- her step-grandmother, the 
second wife of her grandfather — Henry Hunter 
— who came from Kentucky in I S3 5 and set- 
tled at Greenwood, where he died. Mrs. 
Jones came to Boone county at the age of seven- 
teen years and lived with her aunt, Jane Dooley, 
and was married at the age of twenty years, 
having been born in Indianapolis, December 
2-7, 1847. She is a lady of refined, pleasant 
manners, and many virtues. Mr. and Mrs. 
Jones have four children living — Zula, Bessie, 
Gracie and William. Mr. Jones votes with 
the republican part}'; he has generally been 
successful in business, is a practical and pros- 
perous farmer and entirely self-made. He 
has one of the most intelligent and respected 
families in Boone county, and is giving his 
children good educations. Fraternally he is a 
non-affiliating Odd Fellow and has filled the 
office of vice-grand at Tipton, Ind. 

■ township. Boone county, Ind., was 
A 1 born in Mason county, Va., October 17, 
1842, the son of John and Sarah 
(Knapp) Jones, natives, respectively, of Vir- 
ginia and Ohio. The subject's grandfather, 
John Jones, was born of English parentage and 
early moved from \'irginia to Kentucky, where 
he accumulated a large landed estate and be- 


came quite wealthy, owning at the time of his 
death, beside other property, quite a number 
of slaves. He served in the Indian wars under 
Gen. St. Clair and received a gun-shot wound 
in the knee, which necessitated the amputation 
of his leg. He was twice married, the first 
time to a Miss Caplinger, by whom he' had one 
child, Elizabeth A., and his second marriage, 
which was solemized with a Miss Varble, re- 
sulted in the birth of a son, James Jones, father 
of the subject of this biography. John Jones 
died some time in the 'forties and was laid to rest 
at Westport, Ky. , where his wife is also buried. 
James Jones was born July 20, 1S06, in 
Oldham county, Ky. ; was reared a farmer, 
and afterward worked at the shoemaker's 
trade. He was a mechanical genius, and a 
number of inventions of different kinds was 
the result of his skill in this direction. Beside 
manufacturing different kinds of tools, he built 
flouring-mills, carding machines, and for many 
years was a valuable member of the community 
where he resided. In early life he attended 
the schools of Louisville, Ky. , where he re- 
ceived a fine education, and he always took a 
lively interest in the intellectual, as well as 
material, development of his neighborhood. 
He became a resident of Boone county a num- 
ber of years ago, settling in Clinton township, 
where he resided until his death, which oc- 
curred at the age of fifty-seven years. James 
Jones was twice married, his first wife being a 
Miss Chambers of Westport, Ky. , who bore 
two children, John G., born in 1829, and 
Robert F. , whose birth occurred in the year 
1832. By his second wife, whose maiden 
name was Cynthia Knapp, daughter of John 
and Sarah Knapp, of Ohio, he reared a family 
of four children, namely: Joann, born 1838; 
John M., whose birth is mentioned above; 
Etta, born 1843; Harriet, born in the year 
1845, ^" of whom grew to be men and women 
and reared families of their own. 

The early life of John Merritt Jones was 
passed upon a farm with the rugged duties 
of which he became familiar while quite young, 
and he followed agricultural pursuits, princi- 
pally in Boone county, until entering the 
service of the Union in 186 1. In August of 
that year he enlisted in company F, 
Fortieth Indiana infantry, and was with 
his command in Kentucky and Ten- 
nessee, but owing to physical disability, did 
not participate in very much active military 
duty. On account of sickness he was dis- 
charged from the service June 10, 1862, but in 
March, 1864, he re-enlisted in company G, 
One Hundred and Sixteenth Indiana volunteers, 
with which he served for a limited period; sub- 
sequently he entered the army for the third 
time, enlisting in company C, One Hundred and 
Thirty-ninth regiment, with which he served in 
the capacity of sergeant until honorably dis- 
charged on the 29th day of September, 1864. 
After his discharge he returned to Boone 
county and for three years was engaged in the 
saw-milling business, at the end of which time 
he purchased forty acres of land and began 
farming. He has added to his original pur- 
chase and now owns a comfortable little home 
in Marion township, which contains many of- 
the conveniences necessary to make it attract- 
ive and desirable. Mr. Jones is a man of re- 
fined tastes and conservative disposition, and 
belongs to that large and eminently respectable 
class of people who do so much in a quiet way 
for the well-being of a community. Political- 
ly he is a republican, and as such served four 
years as assessor of his township, refusing to 
accept a third election. He was married 
August 22, 1867, to Ann E., daughter of 
William and Mahala (Swain) Lane, a union 
blessed with the birth of four children — Addie 
L., born November, 1871; Alforetta, born 
July 26, 1873; Nellie, born in 1881; Wilbert, 
born 1SS5. 



1^«^ These brothers are honored veter- 
J^^9 an soldiers o'f the Civil war, both 
having risked their lives in some of 
its hardest-fought battles, out of which neither 
came unscathed, or without sacrifice and suffer- 
ing. Benjamin F. Coglewas born in Frankfort, 
Ky. , in April, 1840, and gained a common 
school education. He was at New Castle. Ky. , 
when the war broke out, and came to Silver 
Creek, Camp Jo Holt, Ind., and on August 
13th, 1S61, enlisted in company C, Second 
regiment Kentucky cavalry, serving until July 
17th, 1865, when he was honorably discharged, 
at Lexington, N. C, as corporal. During this 
long and gallant service he was in the follow- 
ing battles: Shiloh, Chattanooga, Perry\ille, 
Frankfort, Atlanta, Savannah, Munfordsville, 
Ky., and in many skirmishes. He was also in 
all the battles of the Atlanta campaign, and 
on Sherman's march to the sea. While skir- 
mishing between Goldsboro and Lexington, 
Corporal Cogle was thrown from his horse, 
badly spraining his right ankle, injuring it so 
greatly that he was sent to the hospital at 
McDougal, si.xteen miles from New York city, 
where he remained about two months, return- 
ing to his regiment at Le.xington, N. C, \\here 
he was discharged on account of the closing 
of the war. After the war he returned to 
New Castle, remaining until he came to Boone 
county, Ind., about 1870, and engaged in 
farm work. He also receives $12 per month 
pension. In politics he is a republican. He 
is a hard-working man and respected citizen. 
John C. Coglewas born March 15, 1S43. at 
Frankfort, Ky. , received a common education, 
and learned the candy and bakery business, 
which he followed in New Castle, Ky. At'the 
early age of nineteen years he enlisted at Emi- 
nence, Henry county, Ky. , in August, 
company H, Ninth Kentucky cavalry, and 
served until discharged at Eminence, Ky., Sep- 

tember, 1863, with rank of sergeant. He was 
j in the battle of Perry viile, Ky. , but was prin- 
cipally engaged against Morgan. He was in 
I the famous chase after Morgan through Ken- 
i tucky, Indiana and Ohio, and when Morgan 
I made his famous invasion of the latter state 
Sergeant Cogle's battalion captured the rebel 
; general and his men on the Ohio river. At the 
I battle of Perryville Sea'rgeant Cogle was se- 
verely wounded and his horse was shot dead 
from under him. The corporal's spine was in- 
. jured and he lost the sight of his right eye. 
After the war he carried on a confectionery es- 
tablishment at New Castle, Ky. , until he came 
to Boone county, Ind., in 1S76, and engaged 
in farm work. July 31. 1SS3, Mr. Cogle was 
united in marriage to Mary A., daughter of 
Elias and Susan (Mclntire) Garner. Mr. Gar- 
ner was a farmer and a native of Jefferson 
township, Boone county. He died at the age 
of about fifty-five years. He was a much re- 
spected citizen, and to him and wife were born 
, six children — Samuel R., William, Albert, 
Charles, Mary A. and Eva. After marriage, 
Mr. Cogle and wife settled down to farm life. 
He bought his present farm of fifty acres in 
1892, and has a comfortable and pleasant home 
and $16 per month pension. Mr. and Mrs. 
Cogle are the parents of four children — Stella 
. M., Bessie E., Ula (died at three years of age) 
' and Egbert. 

' Mr. Cogle votes with the republican party. 

! He is a member of the I. O. O. F. of New 
Castle, Ky. , and was treasurer of his lodge for 
i several years. He is also a member of Thorn- 
, town lodge, F. and A. M., and both of these 
brothers are members of the G. A. R. , of Ad- 
vance, Ind. They were both in a hostile 
i state when the war broke out and were sur- 
rounded by rebels, when it was dangerous to 
express Union sentiments, but they loyally 
stood by their conscience and the country in 
the time of her greatest need, when it required 


great courage both moral and physical. The 
father of these soldier boys was Benjamin 
F. Cogle, born in Pennsylvania, of ster- 
ling Dutch stock. He learned the baker and 
confectionery trade, and when young went to 
Kentucky, where he married Martha Kincaid 
of Frankfort, and she became the mother of 
these two soldiers. Mrs. Cogle died, and Mr. 
Cogle married Amanda Brewer, who bore 
three children: Amanda, Mary and William. 
This wife also died, and Mr. Cogle married 
Jennie Suddith. Mr. Cogle died at fifty-six 
years of age. He was an industrious, upright 
man, and respected member of the Christian 
church, honorable in all his dealings. 

banon, Boone county, Ind., is the 
popular minister of the United Breth- 
ren church and an old soldier. His 
great-grandfather came from Scotland before 
the war of the Revolution. His son, John, the 
grandfather of our subject, was born in Mary- 
land, was a farmer, and settled in Dearborn 
county, Ind., among the pioneers, where he 
married and reared a family of seven chil- 
dren. Their names are Parmelia, Josiah, Will- 
iam, James, John, Amanda and Thomas. 
Mrs. Jones died, and, soon after, Mr. Jones 
moved to Decatur county, Ind., where he 
married a widow, Mrs. Phoebe Wilson, to 
whom were born four children, as follows — 
Nancy, Robert, Milton and Hiram. Mr. Jones 
passed the remainder of his df.ysin Scott coun- 
ty, Ind., and was a substantial farmer. He 
was a soldier in the war of 1812, and with 
Perry in the battle of Lake Erie on the brig 
Niagara and a messmate of the famous James 
Byrd, who was wounded and transferred from 
the brig Niagara to the St. Lawrence without 
proper authority and tried and sho tas a desert- 
er, the vessel bearing his reprieve being in 

sight. Mr. Jones was a deacon in the Baptist 
church. All of his sons young enough were 
soldiers in the Civil war— William, John, 
James, Thomas, Robert, Milton and Hiram; 
two of them, John and William, died from sick- 
ness, and John was killed at the battle of 
Chickamauga. Mr. Jones also had two grand- 
sons in the war — William H. and John F. He 
lived to the great age of ninety-one years and 
died in Scott county, Ind. William Jones, 
son of above and father of our subject, was 
born in Dearborn county, Ind., near Law- 
renceburg, July 24, 1824, received a limited 
education and learned farming. He married 
Sarah A. Mitchell, of Decatur county, Ind., 
who still survives him. To them were born 
five children — William H., George W. , Joseph 
A., Priscilla J., and James. After marriage 
Mr. Jones settled in Decatur county, Ind., 
but in 1859 moved to Scott county, Ind., 
where he passed all the remainder of his days. 
He enlisted in 1864, November 30, at Indian- 
apolis, in company C, One Hundred and 
Forty-fifth regiment Indiana volunteer infant- 
ry, for one year, and died in Cumberland hos- 
pital at Nashville, Tenn., June 30, 1S65. 
He was a member of the Christian church, and 
an industrious man and respected citizen. He 
was a republican in politics and a member of 
the I. O. O. F. 

Rev. William H. Jones, our subject, was 
born July 29, 1847, '" W'estport, Decatur 
county, Ind. He received a common school 
education and was but seventeen years of age 
when he enlisted, November 30, 1864, at In- 
dianapolis, Ind., in company D, Eighth regi- 
ment Indiana volunteer cavalry, under Capt. 
Stanley and Col. F. A. Jones. He served 
about nine months, when he was honorably 
discharged at Indianapolis, Ind., August 29, 
1865, on account of the closing of the war. 
He was in the battles of Columbia, S. C, 
Black River, Bentonville, Durham Station 


and many skirmishes. He was in Sherman's 
campaign through the Caroliiias, starting from 
Savannah, Ga., and he was present with Sher- 
man when he held his armistice with the Con- 
federate general, Johnston. Mr. Jones was al- 
ways an active soldier and was never sick, 
wounded, nor taken prisoner. He was in all 
the battles, skirmishes and marches of his 
regiment. He took part in the battle of Nash- 
ville, although his company and regiment were 
not in it. He served his country faithfully and 
with credit to himself and family. After the 
war he attended high school at Austin, Ind. 
He was for several years an engineer, during 
which time he ran a railroad switch engine 
nine months. Rev. Jones was converted to 
the cause of Christ at the early age of fourteen 
years and joined the Methodist church. In 
1872 he became a member of the Evangelical 
church and was licensed as a local minister 
the next year. In December, 1876, he be- 
came united with the church of the United 
Brethren in Christ and was regularly ordained 
as a minister, in Newton county, Ind., by 
Bishop Weaver, and immediately began 
preaching at Clark's Hill, Tippecanoe county, 
Ind. Since that time he has had charges at 
Ash Grove, 111., Rossville, III., Newport, 
Ind., Ambia, Ind., Stone Bluff, Ind., Wood- 
land, 111., St. Joseph, III, and was trans- 
ferred to Longview, III, whence he came to 
Thorntown, in 1892, where he remained one 
year, and came to Lebanon in 1893. Rev. 
Jones has been successful in his ministry. 
He organized the church near Alvin, III., 
and has assisted in building several churches. 
He was married March 17, 1871, at Green- 
field, Ind., to Miss Mary C, daughter of 
Martin Lee; and to Mr. and Mrs. Jones three 
children have been born: Elmer E., deceased 
an infant, William C, and Sarah E. 
Socially Mr. Jones is an Odd Fellow and is 
chaplain of Ben Adhem lodge, Lebanon. He 

is one of those clergymen who work solely for 
the cause of Christ and the salvation of the 
people, and his unvarying success can be attrib- 
uted to his sincerity, unceasing diligence and 
a natural kindness of heart which attracts 
many people to him. His son, William O., 
is a young man of ability, of excellent morals 
and a vigorous mind, which enable's him to 
readily grasp most branches of study. He is 
educating himself with a view to one of the 
learned professions. 

'^-j'OHNJ. KERN, one of the most pros- 
M perous farmers of Center township, 
/» 1 Boone county, Ind., and also a re- 
doubtable hunter of large game, de- 
scends from an old Pennsylvania-Dutch family, 
but was born in Lawrence county, Ind., 
December 25, 1828. His grandfather, Adam 
Kern, was the progenitor of the American 
family, having come from Holland in the 
colonial days and settled in Pennsylvania. 
He there reared a family and then went to 
Nicholas county, Ky., of which he was a 
pioneer, but finally settled in Monroe county, 
Ind., where he died at an advanced age. His 
son, William Kern, the father of John J., 
whose name opens this sketch, was born in 
Pennsylvania, and was twenty-one years of 
age when he went with his father to Kentucky. 
He there married Susan Sears, of that state 
but of Pennsylvania descent. To their union 
were born ten children, who lived to be grown 
and were named as follows : Ezra, Noah, 
Benjamin, Peter, John J., Adam C, Catherine, 
Louisa, Susan J. and Mary S. ; of these Ezra 
was born in Kentucky, but early in the century 
removed to Lawrence county, Ind., with his 
father, William, who became one of the fore- 
most farmers of that county, and was owner 
of one the best farms, 160 acres of which he 


left his children at the time of his death at the 
age of fifty-six years. 

John J. Kern, whose nativity is given 
above, was born on his father's farm and re- 
ceived a common school education. As a 
young man he took great delight in hunting 
and fishing, and, as game was abundant, killed 
many a deer and wild turkey, as well as bear, 
catamounts, wild cats and numerous coons, 
'possoms, pheasants and squirrels, keeping 
the family well supplied with provisions, as 
well as ridding the country of vicious beasts of 
prey. August 15, 1847, he married Margaret 
E. Feely, daughter of William and Sarah 
(Alexander) Feely, which union was blessed 
with five children : Eliza J., Lois A., Marion, 
Susan R. and T*Iary E. In December, 1852, 
Mr. Kern came to Boone county and settled 
on his present farm of 160 acres, to which he 
added by industry and thrift until he owned 
535 acres, and of this handsome estate he has 
given his children all but 295 acres. Mr. 
Kern has always been a thrifty and hard-work- 
ing man, and is entirely self-made. His course 
through life has been upright, winning the re- 
spect of his neighbors wherever he has resided. 
He and wife have long been members of the 
Christian church, in which he has been a dea- 
con for many years, and of which he is a 
trustee; he is also quite liberal in his contri- 
butions to its support. In politics he is an 
earnest republican, and, fraternally, a non- 
affiliating Odd Fellow. Mr. Kern is among 
the best known hunters of large game in 
the state of Indiana, as intimated in the 
opening of this biography. He has in his 
possession a magnificent head and antlers 
of a brown elk, which he shot in the Rocky 
Mountains in Wyoming in 1889, on the Co- 
lumbia line, and these have been mounted 
by Beasley, of Lebanon, and are considered 
the finest in America. He has also many 
splendid specimens of skulls and antlers of 

deer which he has killed. His farm is well 
stocked with choice animals, and his is one of 
the best pasture farms of Center township. Mr. 
Kern's daughter, Eliza J., is married to James 
H. Kersey, a thriving farmer of the township, 
and is the mother of two children — Stella M. 
and John J. ; his daughter, Lois A., is the wife 
of Solon M. Atkinson, also a prosperous 
farmer of the township, and has one daughter, 
Lillian L. None occupy a higher social posi- 
tion in Boone county than the family of Mr. 

>j*AMES KERSEY is one of the original 
■ pioneers of Center township and a man 
A 1 who has reached the patriarchal age of 
eighty-five years. The founder of the 
family came to America before the war of the 
Revolution. He is descended from excellent 
Scotch-Irish ancestry. James Kersey, father 
of our subject, was born in Carolina. His par- 
ents died when he was young and James Ker- 
sey was reared by others. He became a farm- 
er and was a soldier in the Revolutionary war. 
He was also a pioneer in Kentucky, and was 
acquainted with the famous frontiersman, 
Daniel Boone, and was in several difficulties 
with the Indians. He married Susan Bell, a 
relative of Daniel Boone. The Bells were of 
English stock, but an old American family. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Kersey were born six chil- 
dren: Elisha, Vica, Elizabeth, John, James 
and Eliza. This is the proper order of birth 
and all are now deceased, except our subject. 
Mr. Kersey became a substantial farmer of 
Nicholas county, Ky. , owning a good farm. 
He lived to the age of seventy-seven years. 
He was the typical American pioneer farmer, 
straightforward in his dealings and in his 
younger days he was a great hunter, the state 
of Kentucky being a paradise tor game of all 
kinds. In political opinions he voted with the 


old-line whigs. James Kersey, our subject, 
was born in Nicholas county, Ky. , November 
9, 1809, on his father's farm. He received 
but little education, but learned to read and 
write. He was taught to work as soon as his 
young arms could bear the burden, and at nine 
years of age he began to plow, and since that 
time has assisted to make a crop every year. 
He married at the age of twenty-one, in Bath 
county, Ky., in October, 1830, Nancy, daugh- 
ter of John and Priscilla Neal, sister of Judge 
Stephen Neal of Lebanon. Mf. Kersey bought 
land and engaged in farming. In the fall of 
1S36, he came to Boone county, making the 
journey with a four-horse wagon, and settled 
on land which he had bought the August be- 
fore, which consisted of eighty acres. By hard 
labor and great industry, he cleared this land 
from the primeval forest and by thrift he grad- 
ually added to it until he owned 240 acres, 
which was an e.xcellent farming property. Be- 
ing liberal to his children he gave them part of 
it and sold some of it, and now retains 120 
acres for a homestead, which is well improved 
and drained. When he first settled on his 
land, it was covered with large trees, except 
about five acres, which were partly cleared, 
and on which a log cabin stood, which had 
neither floor, chimney nor door. Part of this 
cabin is still standing, now used as an out- 
house. This hardy pioneer, assisted by his 
sturdy wife, made light of trifles and patiently 
endured the hardships of frontier life and soon 
made a good home. They became the parents 
of six children, John M., James W. . Stephen 
J., Caroline, William A. and Armstead J. — 
their names being in the order of their birth. 
Mr. Kersey gave his children all good common 
educations and reared a respected family. He 
has always been one of the industrious and 
thrifty men of Boone county, and honored for 
his integrity. He was a strong Union man 
during the Civil war, in which he had one son. 

Stephen J., who served nine months. In po- 
litical opinions, Mr. Kersey was one of the or- 
ignal republicans of Boone county, and he 
at one time held the office of county supervisor. 
Armstead Jerome Kersey, son of above, was 
born October 28, 1850, on the old homestead, 
received a common education and was brought 
up a farmer. He is one of the practical fa:rm- 
ers and stock' raisers of Center township, and 
is straightforward in his business transactions, 
and is now managing the home farm. He 
voted with the republican party until recently, 
when he became a populist. His father, James 
Kersey, is the oldest man now living in Boone 
county, who came to this county with a wife, 
who is now living. He has been married the 
long period of sixty-four years. 

>j»AMES H. KIBBEY, leading farmer 
■ and one of the old settlers of Jackson 
(^J township, Boone county, Ind., was 
born in Carter county, Ky. , Sep- 
tember 8, 1825. His grandfather, Ephraim, 
and his father, Moses, were born in New Jer- 
sey-, came to Ohio where Cincinnati now 
stands, and Moses was reared in Ohio. Moses 
Kibbey, when a young man, emigrated from 
Cincinnati to Carter county, Ky. , where 
he engaged in the manufacture of salt, and 
where he married Sallie Everman, daughter 
of Michael Everman, a well-to-do farmer. 
To this marriage were born Jacob, Clarinda, 
David, Delilah, Jacinthia, Moses, William, 
Perry, Ephraim and James H. — the last 
named the only one now living. Moses Kib- 
bey accumulated considerable property and 
was the owner of a large number of slaves. 
He and wife were members of the Christian 
church, in which he was an elder, and their 
house was often the place of worship in those 
early days. He was a soldier in the war of 1812, 
and was a very prominent citizen of his county. 



James H. Kibbey was instructed in the ru- 
diments of an English education in an old- 
fashioned log school-house in Carter county. 
December 4, 1849, he married Martha Ann 
Gill, daughter of Samuel C. and Sallie ( Ma- 
lone ) Gill, of Bath county, Ky., and to 
an interesting sketch of the Gill family, further 
on, the attention of the reader is invited. 
After his marriage, Mr. Kibbey purchased a 
300-acre farm and engaged in farming and 
saw-milling, but this he sold and bought an- 
other tract, containing 500 acres, on which, 
also, was a saw-mill, grist-mill and carding fac- 
tory. This land he sold in due course of time, 
and came to Boone county, Ind., arriving 
November 20, 1853, and here settled on an 
unimproved tract of 225 acres, which his 
wife's father had entered some years pre- 
viously. This was an utter wildwood when 
Mr. Kibbey took possession, but is now one of 
the best improved farms in the county. Here 
were reared the children born to James H. 
and Martha Ann Kibbey; they are named as 
follows: Sarah T., Mary G., Ephraim, Ann 
Eliza, Moses, Emila E. (the last named three 
deceased), William P., Clara H. and George. 
Mr. and Mrs. Kibbey have for many years 
been devout christians, and Mr. Kibbey is the 
oldest living member of the old Union church. 
In politics Mr. Kibbey is a democrat, and was 
formerly very active in his support of the 
party. He has served as township trustee 
three terms, and has filled the position of jus- 
tice of the peace. Fraternally, he is a member 
of Luther lodge, No. 227, I. O. O. P., at James- 
town, and is the oldest in membership, having 
been a charter member in 1862; he passed all 
the chairs, united with the grand lodge, and 
then becarne a member of the encampment at 
Jamestown. The standing of the Kibbey family 
in the township and county in which they have 
so long lived is a most enviable one, both so- 
cially and financially, and their walk through 

life well worthy of emulation. The follow- 
ing interesting notes are abridged from the 


About the year 1718, some peasants, or 
fishermen, found an infant lying- upon the 
shores of one of those seas that lash the 
coast of Ireland. The child was wrapped 
in rags, had the gill of a fish in its mouth and 
was lying within easy reach of the rapidly 
approaching, resistless, and merciless tide. 
" " " ■^ ^ Since the gill of a fish had 
been found between its lips, they at once 
called it Gill, to which the name of John 
was prefixed. The blood of this child has 
run in the veins of more than 10,000 Ameri- 
cans. Their number is beyond calculation, 
and the names of thousands of them beyond 
the reach of the historian. ^ * * * * 
This lad, John Gill, in 1732, was learning 
the weaver's trade in Ireland, but on account 
of a quarrel between himself and master, he 
fied from the Emerald isle, secreted himself 
on a boat bound for the new world, and 
landed in New York harbor. In 1748 he 
married a Miss Duncan, of Scotch descent. 
Thomas Gill, son of the above and grand- 
father of Mrs. Martha A. (Gill) Kibbey, was 
born in 1763. He was a captain in the Revo- 
lutionary war and was noted for his bravery 
in battle. He married Hannah Criswell in 
1785. They settled in South Carolina, but 
later moved to Kentucky. Thomas and 
Hannah (Criswell) Gill lived to a ripe old 
age and died in Crawford county. 111., in 
1857. Samuel C. Gill, son of Capt. Thomas 
Gill, the Revolutionary soldier and grandson 
of the Irish waif, was bom in the state of 
South Carolina November 22, 1783. The 
boy early became inured to farm labor. 
The plow was made with the wooden mold 
board. He married Sarah Malone Septem- 
ber 23, 1S07, daughter of Jonathan and 
Mary Malone. All their worldly possessions 



they placed on a pony and emigrated to Bath 
county, Ky. , settling on Licking river. He 
bought the only mill in the vicinity for fifty 
dollars, made a good dam, and put in new 
and better machinery. Later he attached a 
saw-mill, and supplied the whole country, 
for a radius of fifty miles, with sawed timber. 
He . made numerous trips into Indiana and 
entered large bodies of land in Boone, Put- 
nam, Montgomery and Hendricks counties, 
as well as in Douglas county. 111., thus lay- 
ing the foundation for a large fortune, especi- 
ally for his children. Samuel C. Gill was 
highly respected by the people of his county, 
and they often honored him with their confi- 
dence by electing him to some county office. 
He served as justice of the peace for nearly 
a quarter of a century. By virtue of the 
office and according to the law (he becoming 
the oldest justice) he also filled the office of 
sheriff. He lived an honest and upright life, 
and although he was not identified with any 
religious sect, he aided liberally in building 
churches and paying preachers. The wife 
was a consistent member of the old Iron- 
side Baptist church. She was loved for her 
many charities and her hospitable disposition. 
She died, as she had lived, December 22, 
1847. On November i, 1849, he married 
Elizabeth Reed. The old people lived happily 
together for many years. About the year 
1845 he sold the mill and farm, and died in 
Fleming county, Ky., November 23, 1854. 


'ILLI.^M A. KUSER.— Among the 
respected citizens of Boone county 
,'ho served their country bravely 
and with credit during the great 
Civil war, and whose record well deserves 
preservation in history, is William A. Kuser, 
the subject of this sketch. The founders of 
his family in America were pioneers in the 

great Keystone state and descended from that 
race who are noted for their steadiness and in- 
dustry — the Germans. Daniel Kuser, the 
father of our subject, was one of the oldest 
railroad engineers in the United States. Be- 
fore steam was applied on the B. & O. rail- 
road, he hauled freight on this line with'horses. 
He finally settled in Frederick county, Md., 
and in the fall of 1S56 moved with his family 
to Indiana and settled on land in Marion coun- 
ty. He had married, in Maryland, Christina 
Fisher, and to them were born five children — 
Samuel, William A.. Cornelia E. , Rebecca 
and Mary C. Mr. Kuser passed all the re- 
mainder of his days in Marion county and died 
at the age of seventy years. In political opin- 
ions he was a stanch democrat. He was an 
industrious and honorable citizen. 

William A. Kuser was born in Frederick 
City, Md., February 5. 1840, received the edu- 
cation of the common schools and was about 
sixteen years of age when he came with his 
father to Indiana. He worked with his father 
until 1S62 on the farm, and on July 19, he of- 
fered his services to his country and enlisted at 
Indianapolis, Ind. , in company G, Seven- 
tieth regiment, Indiana volunteer infantry, for 
three years or during the war, under Capt. 
Parker S. Carson. He was in the battle of 
Russellville, Ky. , September 30, 1862; Resaca, 
Ga., May 15, 1864; Golgotha, Ga., June 15, 
1864; Dallas, Ga., in June, 1864; Kenesaw 
Mountain, Ga. , July 3, I S64; Peach Tree Creek, 
Ga., July 20, 1864: siege of Atlanta, Ga., July 
— August, I S64; Savannah, Ga. , December 21, 
1864; Lottenville, N. C, February 6, 1865; 
Arrysboro, N. C, March 16, 1865; Benton- 
ville, N. C. , 1865, and in many skirmishes, 
some of them so severe as to be really battles. 
He was in Sherman's famous march to the sea, 
and endured all the hardships and vicissitudes 
in this greatest march in history. Mr. Kuser 
was neither sick in hospital nor wounded and 


did not ride a day in an ambulance during the 
war. He was always on active duty and at 
his post, and took part in every battle and 
skirmish of his regiment. Ex-President Har- 
rison was the colonel of his regiment when it 
left Indianapolis, and while on Sherman's 
march to the sea he was commissioned briga- 
dier-general. Mr. Kuser was on the return 
march and in the grand review at Washington. 
After the war he returned to Marion county, 
Ind., and resumed farming, and on December 
6, 1865, married Rachael E., daughter of 
Richard and Frances (McLain) Hogland. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Hogland were born three chil- 
dren — James, Mary A., and Rachael E. Mr. 
Hogland moved to Boone county in 1870, and 
settled on eighty acres of land in Center town- 
ship. He died March 15, 1876, aged sixty- 
three years. In politics he voted the democratic 
ticket, and he was a member of the Baptist 
church. He was a man of good character and 
very industrious. After marriage Mr. Kuser 
resided in Marion county, until 1870, when he 
came to Boone county and settled on a farm 
of sixty-four acres where he still lives. He has 
always voted with the democrats. He and 
wife are members of the Christian church. Mr. 
Kuser is a veteran soldier, who has a splendid 
military record. He did his duty cheerfully 
and faithfully, and has faced rebel bullets in 
many a hard-fought battle field. Few soldiers, 
if any, in this county have a better military 
record, than this quiet and respected citizen of 
Center township. 

one of the firm of Buckles & LaFol- 
lette, undertakers and furniture deal- 
ers of Thorntown, Boone county, 
Ind., was born in Shannondale, Ind., Septem- 
ber 19, 1867, and is a son of Jacob and 
Sarah E. (Young) LaFollette. 

Charles Clay LaFollette was reared on the 
home farm until eighteen years of age, receiv- 
ing, in the meantime, all the advantages that 
the country schools of his district afforded. 
At eighteen he entered Wabash college, where 
for one and one-half years he devoted his most 
assiduous attention to study, and then returned 
to the home farm. Being now past twenty- 
one years old, he entered the Commercial col- 
lege of Indianapolis, where he concluded his 
studies in June, 1890, and then again returned 
to the home farm, on which he remained until 
October, 1792, when he came to Thorntown 
to assume the responsibilities of business life. 
Here he followed the grocery trade until April, 
1893, when he sold out and bought an interest 
in the furniture and undertaking establishment 
of Buckles & Binford, and, under the firm 
style of Buckles, Binford & LaFollette, the 
business was carried until Sepetmber, 1893, 
when the partnership was dissolved, and since 
then the firm has been known as Buckles 
& LaFollette. This enterprising firm carry a 
large and well selected stock of household 
furniture and of undertaking supplies; their 
stock is neatly arranged, and both members of 
the firm are gentlemanly and pleasant to deal 

Mr. LaFollette was happily married at 
Thorntown, September 17, 1893, to Miss 
Emma Campbell, a native of Boone county, 
Ind., born February 4, 1867, a daughter of 
Joseph and Cynthia (Ballj Campbell, who are 
now living in Thorntown, in retirement. Mr. 
LaFollette is a member of the blue lodge, F. 
& A. M., and of the grand lodge and encamp- 
ment of the I. O. O. F., and also of the grand 
lodge of the K. of P. He has been prepared 
for his business by graduating from the Indiana 
Embalming college. He and wife are Presby- 
terians in their religious belief, and both enjoy 
an enviable position in society. In his politics 
he is an ardent democrat. 



* w * E\"I LANE is one of the most hon- 
I r ored and respected citizens of Leb- 
I A anon. He has for many years been 
connected with the office of circuit 
clerk, holding this office personally for several 
years, and was deputy under the second clerk 
of the circuit court — Samuel S. Brown — the 
first clerk of this court for Boone county hav- 
ing been David Hoover. Mr. Lane descends 
from sterling English stock. His grandfather, 
James Lane, came from England at the age of 
fourteen years,' having run awa\' from his par- 
ents, who lived in the city of London. He 
shipped on board a vessel for America, and at 
New York was apprenticed to pay his passage 
money. At the age of eighteen he was drafted 
into the colonial army and served throughout 
the Revolutionary war. He married in \'ir- 
ginia, and, with his wife, shortly after moved 
to Grainger county, Tenn., in which state Mr. 
Lane was one of the pioneers. He cleared 
up a good farm on Flat creek, and here passed 
the remainder of his days. To Mr. Lane and 
wife were born four children — William, James, 
Edward, and one daughter, whose name is not 
remembered. He was a member of the Bap- 
tist church, and well known throughout the 
county as a man of sterling worth. He reached 
the great age of eighty years. William Lane, 
his son, the father of our subject, was born in 
Virginia. December 2, 17S7, was taken to 
Tennessee by his parents and grew up among 
the pioneers of that state. He became a 
farmer and married Sarah Haines, who was 
born February 14, 17S2. She was the daugh- 
ter of David Haines, who was of Irish stock. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Lane were born the follow- 
ing children: Polly, Addison, Josiah C, 
Louis, John, Ruth, Levi. Ann, Rhoda, and 
one who died an infant. Thev are all deceased 
except our subject, and all left families. Wil- 
liam Lane was a substantial farmer, owning 
200 acres of land. He was appointed by the 

•state legislature justice of the peace, and served 
continuously for forty years, his judgment 
being respected by all who knew him. At an 
early day he served as a soldier in the Indian 
troubles. He died on his farm February 19, 
1S45, aged sixty-eight years. He was a man 
of honorable character and a t\pical American 

Levi Lane, his son, was born July 9, 181 5, 
on his father's farm in Grainger county, Tenn., 
twenty-two miles north of Knoxville. He was 
reared a farmer and left home at the age of 
twenty-five years. He had received a good, 
common education for his day, and taught a 
subscription school two winters. In 1840, the 
day after the election of William H. Harrison 
to the presidency, he left his old home for 
Boone county, Ind. His brother, Josiah, ac- 
companied him. He was a man of family and had 
already settled in Boone county, and had been 
home on a visit. Levi Lane had just taken an 
active part, for his age and position, in the 
famous "Log Cabin and Hard Cider" cam- 
paign, in which the excitement had run very 
high, the \\'ar cry being "Tippecanoe and 
Tyler, too." On the first day of the journey, 
the brothers passed the famous chestnut tree 
where the three states — Tennessee, Virginia and 
Kentucky — meet. Here had been held a polit- 
ical rally and the flag still waved in shreds from 
the top of a tree. The woods near by were 
filled with cider barrels, from which the hard 
cider had freely flowed to quench the thirst 
and cause the enthusiasm in the celebrated 
campaign. Mr. Lane came directly to Leb- 
anon, making the journey of 400 miles on 
horseback, in three weeks, arriving here in 
November. Four brothers of the Lane family 
settled in Boone county, three of them — Addi- 
son, Josiah C, and Lewis came from Putnam 
county, Ind., where they had settled between 
1830 and 1832. They are now deceased. In 
the May following his arrival, in 1840, Levi 



Lane and his brother Addison and family rij- 
turned to the old hbme in Tennessee for a 

Levi Lane returned to Lebanon in Septem- 
ber, 1 84 1, and from that time remained per- 
manently. On the next day after his arrival 
in September, 1841, he entered the office of 
county clerk as deputy and continued in this 
position two and one-half years. Mr. Brown, 
the clerk, being succeeded by John Christman, 
who resigned his position, Mr. Lane was 
elected to fill his unexpired term and served by 
appointment and election six and one-half 
years. He was then deputy under subsequent 
clerks until the present time, with the excep- 
tion of eight years. During this long period 
of more than forty-five years, he has made 
more court records than any man in the state 
of Indiana; has issued more marriage licenses, 
as he has served in the clerk's office for a 
longer period than any other man in the state. 
His records are accurate and very legible and 
now of great value. 

Mr. Lane married August 23, 1842, Phe- 
riba Hayes, daughter of Charles Hayes, of Ill- 
inois. To Mr. and Mrs. Lane have been born 
ten children — Henry S., now of Chicago; Clara 
L. , Empson, Willard W. , Samantha E., de- 
ceased; Joseph B., Nellie L., Albert L., Mor- 
ris E. and Georgianna, who died an infant, all 
born in Lebanon, and this is the proper order 
of their birth. Both Mr. and Mrs. Lane are 
members of the Methodist church, of which 
he is one of the trustees and also steward, and 
for forty years has been secretary of the quar- 
terly conferences and board of stewards. Po- 
litically he is a stanch republican: he was a 
strong Union man during the war, in whfch he 
had two sons — Henry S. and Empson T. 
Henry S. was in an Indiana infantry regiment 
and served during the war. He was in the 
battle of Pittsburg Landing and in the gun- 
boat service, and hospital steward and pay- 

master's clerk. Empson T. was in an Indiana 
regiment and in seven skirmishes. Mr. Lane 
is one of the best Union men in the county 
and is universally respected. He has been sq 
long connected with the clerk's office that the 
people of the county feel that his supervision 
of the records is almost necessary for their 

m of Marion township, Boone county, 
nj Ind., was born in Virginia, January i, 
I S32, and was reared on the home farm. 
His great grandfather came from Ireland to 
America in colonial days and settled in Vir- 
ginia, where his son, William, was born. 
Pleasant, son of William, was born in Bote- 
tourt county, Va., and married Jane McCowen. 
daughter of James and Cynthia (Castor) Mc- 
Cowen, and to this union were born thirteen 
children,- of whom Joseph M. was the sixth in 
order of birth. 

Joseph M. Lanham, at the age of twenty- 
three, came to Boone county. Ind., on a visit, 
and was so well pleased with the country that 
he decided to make it his home; but he re- 
turned to Virginia for a year, and then came 
back to Boone county, and February 3, 1837, 
married Mary E. Wright, who was born March 
9, 1836, a daughter of John C. and Johanna 
(Norris) Wright. Mr. Lanham worked in a 
sawmill for a year after his marriage, and then 
cleared forty acres of heavily timbered land, 
taking in payment for his labor forty acres of 
similar land. This he later sold, and purchased 
forty acres in Marion township. To the mar- 
riage of Mr. Lanham have been born the fol- 
lowing children: William P., born December 
31, 1857, and married to Alice Price; George 
H., born March 20, i860, and died at eighteen; 
John P., born May 27, 1862, and died when 
young; Johanna, born September 26, 1864, 



and married to William Bush; Amanda, born 
January 1 8, 1S67, and -married to A. P. Pop- 
ino; Frederick, born August 23, 1869, and 
married to Cordie P. Jones; Mollie E., born 
January 7, 1872, and married to William Kin- 
cade; Copeland, born April 27, 1S74; Pearl, 
born August 17, 1S76, deceased; Cassius, born 
February 10, 1879; Empson, born Novem- 
ber 28, 1S80, and died June 27, 1S82; Olga, 
born June 27, 1SS2. 

Mr. and Mrs. Lanham prospered in their 
farming, and when he had added twenty acres 
to his original forty, sold out, and bought sev- 
enty-nine acres on the east side of his present 
farm. About 1879 Mrs. Lanham's father died, 
and the farm, by inheritance and purchase, 
was increased to i 59 acres. This farm is well 
tilled and has some 600 rods of tiling, and 
some fifteen acres reserved for timber. Mr. 
Lanham has some fine trotting horses and has 
made raising sheep a specialty, Shropshire 
strain being his favorite, "it being short- 
legged, heavily-bodied, and the leading animal 
for mutton. His dwelling cost $1,000, and 
his out-buildings are substantial and commo- 
dious; he takes great interest in good roads and 
has contributed liberally toward their construc- 
tion, and has a splendid gravel road at his very- 
door. He is a stockholder in the natural gas 
company, and uses the gas in his tasty dwell- 
ing. He and wife are members of the Method- 
ist Protestant church, and their upright walk 
in life proves the sincerity of their faith. In 
politics Mr. Lanham affiliates with the peo- 
ple's party. He is much respected by his 
neighbors, and his family enjoy a large share 
of this respect. Mrs. Lanham has three 
brothers who served in the late war, as follows: 
Robert, was killed at Kenesaw Mountain: Will- 
iam, served without injury until the close of 
the war; Franklin, lost the fingers of his right 
hand. All three were in the Fortieth Indiana 
volunteer infantry. 

@EORGE LYSTER. insurance and 
real estate agent and general financier, 
at Thorntovvn, Boone county, Ind., 
was born in Johnson county, Ind., 
February 12, 1865, a son of Peter V. and 
^^ary J. (Deer) Lyster, who were both born 
in Kentucky, but were married in Johnson 
county, Ind., of which county their parents 
were pioneers and their fathers farmers. 
Peter V. and Mary J. were members of the 
Christian church and were highly respected 
by their neighbors, and in politics Peter V. 
was a democrat. In 1873 this family came to 
Boone county and located in Sugar Creek 
township, where the father followed farming 
until his death, which occurred in January, 
1S87. Mrs. Mary J. Lyster is now residing in 
Thornto«-n. To this worthy couple five chil- 
dren Wire born, as follows: Alonzo, deceased; 
Riley, a stock dealer in Thorntown; Cornelius, 
Amanda and George. 

George Lyster was educated in the grad- 
ed schools of Thorntovvn, and he remained 
on the home farm until 1889, when he went 
to Anderson, Ind. , and for a year was engaged 
in the insurance business; then he returned to 
Thorntown and established an insurance and 
real estate agency, in which he has prospered 
most satisfactorily ever since. He is also 
secretary of the Thorntown Building and Loan 
association, and Business Men's Protective 
and Savings association, and also does an in- 
dividual loan and collecting business. He 
was married, in Boone county, December 15, 
1 891, to Miss Myrtle Cox, who was born in 
this county August 12, 1868, a daughter of 
George and Melisia (Gregory) Cox, and to this 
congenial marriage one child has been born, 
named Lloyd. Mrs. Lyster is in religious faith 
a Methodist, while Mr. Lyster is a member of 
the Christian church; in his politics he is a 
democrat; fraternally he is a Knight of Pythias, 
a Red Man, and an Odd Fellow, being in the 


encampment and having taken the Rebecca 
degree of the last named order. He owns a 
neat and pleasant home, and his social and 
business standing is of the best in Thorntown. 

eEORGE W. LEWIS.— The grand- 
father of the gentleman for whom 
this sketch is prepared was Charles 
Lewis, a Virginian by birth and an 
early settler, of Montgomery county, Ind., to 
which part of the state he moved from Ken- 
tucky in pioneer times. Later he became a 
resident of the county of Boone, and entered 
a large tract of government land in Jackson 1 
township, the greater part of which he cleared 
and brought into a successful state of cultiva- ] 
tion. He reared a family consisting of the ; 
following children; George \\'., Benjamin P., 
Fielding, Charles, John and Sallie, and de- 
parted this life in 1856." Fielding Lewis, 
father of the immediate subject, was born Oc- 1 
tober 23, 1807, in Kentucky, and came with I 
his parents to Indiana when a young man. He j 
married Tabitha Davis, daughter of John j 
Davis, one of the pioneers of Boone county, 
and became the father of the following child- 
ren, namely: Charles L., John W., Priscilla, 
Nancy E., George W., Alfred, James, Thomas, 
Hubbard L. and ivlary J. Shortly after his 
marriage Mr. Lewis settled on the farm in 
Jackson township where his son George W. 
now resides, and with the e.xception of about 
three years continued to live on the same until \ 
his death, which occurred on the ninth day of j 
December, 1859. Mrs. Lewis survived her 1 
husband nearly twenty years, departing-this 
life August 15, 1879. Fielding Lewis was j 
widely and favorably known throughout Jack- 
son and adjoining townships, and occupied a 
conspicuous place in the estimation of his fel- I 
low citizens. He was a man of manv excel- ! 

lent qualities, a good neighbor, and in his 
death, which was mourned by the entire com- 
munity, Boone county lost one of its substan- 
tial and well-to-do citizens. 

George W. Lewis was born in Missouri June 
13, 1S44, and while a mere boy was brought 
by his father to Indiana, since which time he 
has been an honored resident of Boone county. 
His youthful years were spent on the home 
farm, where he early became accustomed to 
hard work, and learned to appreciate the true 
dignity of the agriculturist's vocation, and in 
such schools as the country afforded he ac- 
quired the rudiments of a practical English 
education. At the breaking out of the late 
war he tendered his services to his country, 
and during the dark days of the rebellion did 
valiant service in many campaigns as a mem- 
ber of the One Hundred and Thirty-fifth Indi- 
ana volunteer infantrv, with which he served 
until honorably discharged at the expiration of 
his term of enlistment, April 2, 1864. On 
leaving the army Mr. Lewis returned to Boone 
county, where he has since resided, actively 
engaged in agricultural pursuits, which he 
carries on successfully, being at this time one 
of the leading farmers and representative citi- 
zens of the community in which he lives. He 
is an ardent supported of the republican party, 
the principals of which he has always believed 
to be for the best interest of the country, and 
he is to be found working with might and 
main for the success of his ticket in every po- 
litical contest. Hubbard Lewis, brother of 
George \\'., is a native of Boone county, Ind., 
born on the old home farm in Jackson town- 
ship, August 10, 1852. His earl}- life, spent 
amid the rugged duties of the farm, was com- 
paratively uneventful, and he has passed his 
days in the peaceful pursuit of agriculture. 
He is one of the substantial citizens of Jack- 
son, takes an active interest in everything per- 
taining to the good of the public, and is a 




recognized worker in the republican party, 
with which he has been 'affiUated ever since 
attaining his majority. 

t>^ EN. F. McKEY, the editor of the 
1^'^ Pioneer, at Lebanon, Boone county, 
^K^_J Ind., was born in Montgomery coun- 
ty, Ind., December 5, 1S57, and 
springs from an old colonial family of Scotch- 
Irish extraction. His father, Jefferson C. 
McKey, was a native of east Tennessee, born 
near I'Cno.wille, and was quite young when he 
came to Indiana and located in Montgomery 
county, where he followed farming and also 
his vocation of carpenter and builder. In 
1836 he married, in that county. Miss Sarah 
A. Sering, daughter of George A. and Nancy 
Sering, the former of whom came from a 
family of prominent farmers in Union county, 
but later became a citizen of Boone county, 
where he passed the last years of his life. 
Jefferson C. McKey is now a citizen of Boone, 
and resides in Lebanon. 

Ben. F. McKey, in 1S65, came to Boone 
county with his father, who settled on a farm. 
He attended the district schools of the county 
and worked on the farm until March, 1870, 
when the family moved to Lebanon, where 
Ben. F. attended the public schools for three 
years, and in 1883 entered the Pioneer office, 
as an apprentice under Ben A. Smith, who 
paid him the munificent sum of one dollar per 
week. He then went to Covington, Ind., 
with a Mr. Smith, and for two years worked 
on the People's Friend, and being attentive 
and industrious, had by this time become 
thoroughly acquainted with his trade. In 
1S76 he returned to Lebanon, worked for some 
time on the Democrat, a newspaper venture 
which found an early grave, and then went 
with Mr. Smith to Laurel, Franklin county, 
where he worked on the Review for a year. 

He next came back to Lebanon and here at- 
tended the public school under Prof. John W. 
Kise, a gentleman for whom he still entertains 
a high respect, and added considerably to his 
stock of general information. Mr. McKey 
then went to work on the Patriot for John A. 
Abbott, until January I, 1879, when he be- 
came foreman of the Lebanon Pioneer, under 
Dr. T. H. Harrison, took the management of 
the paper, became a local writer, and soon 
had thrust upon him the entire responsibility 
of the establishment. In 1889 he leased the 
office from Dr. Harrison for a year, and at the 
end of that time purchased the plant and has 
since been editor and proprietor, having large- 
ly increased the circulation of the journal and 
added to its advertising patronage. Mr. 
McKey began at the bottom of the ladder; by 
thorough ability, foresight and good manage- 
ment he has placed his journal in its present 
prosperous condition. He is an incisive 
writer, and the Pioneer is what every local pa- 
per should be — spic}-, newsy and prompt in re- 
cording the events of the neighborhood. Its 
dress is neat and attractive, and its press work 
clean and clear. It is emphatically and pro- 
nouncedly democratic in its enunciations, and is 
the onl}- sheet advocating democratic principles 
in the county. Attached to the Pioneer office 
is a job department, furnished with new type 
and modern machinery, with skillful and 
tasteful compositors ready for any class of 
work in their line. 

The marriage of Mr. McKey took place 
March 31. 18S0. to Miss Jennie Dyson, of 
Lebanon. This lady lost her eyesight when 
a young girl, by an accident, and was carefull)' 
educated at the Indiana Institution for the 
Blind, becoming an accomplished scholar and 
musician. Her moral training has been of the 
strictest character, and her religious convic- 
tions reach a high spiritual plane. She is a 
i member of the Methodist church, an active 



Sabbath-school worker, and is one of the most 
highly respected ladies of Lebanon. Mr. 
McKey is also a member of the Methodist 
church, and is a member of its board of 
stewards. Fraternally he is a member of 
Lebanon lodge, No. 45, Knights of Pythias, 
Winnebago tribe, No. 36, Improved Order of 
Red Men, and Sidney lodge. No. 1784, 
Knights of Honor. 

•>j*OHN FITZER McKINLEY, an hon- 
M ored citizen of Clinton township, Boone 
/» 1 county, Ind. , and gallant ex-soldier, 
was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, Decem- 
ber 25, 1S40. His father was William Mc- 
Kinley, a native of Ohio and of Irish descent, 
and his mother was Cynthia (Holmes) McKin- 
ley, daughter of Capt. \\'ilkes Holmes, for a 
number of years a commander of an Ohio 
river steamboat. William JMcKinley was a 
ship carpenter by occupation and he became 
the father of the following children: Zelotes 
A., William, John F. , Anderson and one 

John F. McKinley was six years old when 
his mother died, and when ten years of age 
was called upon to mourn the death of his 
father, who was killed by a fall while engaged 
in repairing a ship. After the latter event 
young John went to live with a man by the 
name of Jesse O'Neal, who proved anything 
but a kind task-master, in consequence of 
which the boy started out for himself, work- 
ing at different places and at anything honorable 
which his hands could find to do until the 
breaking out of the great rebellion. He was 
one of the first to respond to the country's call 
for defenders, being moved to enter the army, 
after listening to a patriotic speech delivered 
by Abraham Lincoln in Indianapolis in Octo- 
ber, 1 86 1. He soon afterward enlisted in 
company C. Fifty-first Indiana infantry, and 

accompanied his command to Louisville, 
thence to Bardstown, Ky., and later to Mill 
Springs, the brigade to which his regiment 
was assigned being commanded by Gen. James 
A. Garfield, afteward president of the United 
States. To narrate in detail the many army 
experiences of Mr. McKinley while battling for 
the national honor would far transcend the 
limits of a sketch of this character, accordingly 
but a brief epitome of the campaigns and 
battles in which he participated is herewith 
attempted. From Mill Springs the regiment 
proceeded to Bowling Green, and from that 
point marched over the greater part of the 
state of Kentucky and various parts of Ten- 
nessee, and was engaged in the last day's fight 
at Pittsburg Landing. The next movement 
was to Corinth, Miss., where Mr. McKinley bore 
a gallant part in the subjugation of that place 
and then joined in the pursuit of the rebel Gen. 
Bragg through Kentucky, being thus actively 
engaged for a period of thirty-three days, 
or until getting ahead of the enemy's forces at 
Louisville, Ky. While at the latter place Mr. 
McKinley met with an accident which for 
some time incapacitated him for active service 
in the ranks, but he followed his regiment by 
railway overtaking the command at Bowling 
Green, and later participated in the bloody 
battle at Perryville. At Nashville the brigade 
was sent to Decatur, Ala. , to guard bridges and 
gather in the loyal residents hidden in the 
mountains to keep them from being conscripted 
into the service of the Confederacy. From 
Bridgport the command proceeded to Nash- 
ville, thence to Stone River, in the battle of 
which place it took part, and was also 
engaged in the bloody battle of Murfreesboro. 
At Day's Gap the brigade had a hard fight, in 
which James W. Sheets, the first captain of 
Mr. McKinley's company, was killed, while act- 
ing in the capacity of lieutenant-colonel of the 
regiment. Hotly pressed by Gen. Forrest's 



cavalry, the brigade reached the Green Mount- 
ain iron works, where the enemy were casting 
cannon, which was captured and destroyed, as 
were also several important bridges in the vi- 
cinity, the loss being a severe blow to the Con- 
federacy. During the raid in which the above 
events took place, Mr. McKinley acted as 
brigade orderly, in which capacity he did val- 
iant service. The further particulars of this 
celebrated raid, which forms an interesting 
page in the history of the war, were as follows: 
The ammunition was carried on mules, as well 
as two twelve-pound cannon, and at the 
"Gap" a full battery with horses was captured, 
which was used until the ammunition was e.\- 
hausted, when the guns were spiked, and for a 
number of miles the road was completely de- 
stroyed. After various engagements, hard 
marching, and other vicissitudes, the Federals, 
under Gen. A. D. Streight, were compelled to 
surrender, but not until after certain conditions 
had been agreed to, among which were that 
each soldier was to keep his own private prop- 
erty and that the force was to march out 
with colors flying. The regimental flag of the 
Fifty-hrst was taken in charge, but the boys 
soon succeeded in stealing the precious emblem, 
which they at once proceeded to cut in pieces, 
giving to each soldier a small fragment, which 
was presented as a memento. Mr. McKinley 
succeeded in secreting in the waistband of his 
trousers about $40 in greenbacks, which after- 
wards proved the means of procuring him 
many comforts while a prisoner. After great 
suffering of forty days' duration, all, with the 
e.xception of the officers, were paroled, and 
Mr. McKinley, with others, went to Washing- 
ton city, thence to Columbus, Ohio, where he 
received new clothing. From the latter place 
Mr. Mclvinley returned to Indianapolis, and 
after his exchange, which was effected March 
3. 1S63, he again went to the front and took 
part in the siege of Chattanooga, battles of 

Lookout Mountain, Mission Ridge and Chicka- 
mauga. He veteranized in January, 1S64, 
and after a furlough of thirty days was again 
sent to Chattanooga, where for some time he 
did guard duty. Subsequently his regiment par- 
ticipated in the various battles of the Atlanta 
campaign, Franklin and Nashville, and later 
Mr. McKinley accompanied his command to 
Texas, where he did guard duty until mustered 
out of the service, at San Antonio, in Decem- 
ber, 1865. He was honorably discharged at 
Indianapolis, January 13, 1866, and on the 
thirteenth of the following month was united 
in marriage to Mrs. Lucy A. (Kelly) Harlan, 
whom he had previously met in a hospital, 
where she was attending her former husband, 
who received his death wound in one of the 
battles near Atlanta. To the union of Mr. 
and Mrs. McKinley have been born the follow- 
ing children: Marion E. , Mary M., Levi L. , 
Attagara, wife of James Evans; Zelura N., 
Reona A. and Cynthia E. Mrs. McKinley 
was born in Marion county, Ind., August 22, 
1840, the daughter of Joseph A. and Mary 
CRandall) Kelly, both parents natives of Ken- 
j tucky. She was married October 28, 1S57, 
to Martin M. Harlan, who died at Kenesaw 
Mountain, Ga. , July 4, 1S64, and by him had 
two children: Pametta M. and John C. Har- 
lan. After their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Mc- 
Kinley went to house-keeping not far south- 
east of Indianapolis, at the home of the latter, 
where they lived until 1872, when they moved 
to their present in Clinton township, Boone 
county. In addition to farming, Mr. McKin- 
ley has for some years been engaged in con- 
tracting ditch work, and it is probable that no 
man in Boone county has laid more drain tile 
than he. Years ago he learned the trade of 
brick laying, to which he now devotes the 
greater part of his attention. In politics Mr. 
Mclvinley is an uncompromising republican, 
and at this time holds the office of justice of 



the peace in the township of Clinton. He is 
an ardent member of the G. A. R. amd with 
his wife belongs to the Baptist church. 

I HOMAS J. McMURRAY. -It is seldom 
that the biographical historian of these 
modern days records the services of a 
veteran of the Mexican war, which 
occupied the attention of the American people 
in 1847-8. Thomas J. McMurray, the subject 
of this sketch, is one of the few veterans of 
that war yef living in Boone county. He is a 
practical farmer, a respected citizen and a 
native Indianian. A few words in regard to 
his ancestry, placed in this record, would be 
valued by his descendants. He is the second 
generation from the founder of his family, in 
America, his grandfather having first emigrated 
from Scotland to Ireland, where he settled in 
Donegal county, and where he died. John 
McMurray, the father of out subject, was born 
in Donegal county, Ireland, and learned the 
weaver's trade. He came to America in 18 19, 
and married in Nelson county, Ky. , Mary, 
daughter of John and Elizabeth (Scraggs) 
Carr. Mr. Carr was a pioneer in Nelson 
county, Ky. , came from Ireland at the age of 
sixteen years, his parents having died on the 
passage. Mr. Carr and wife were the parents 
of Ruth, William, Lydia, Jane, Elizabeth, 
Joseph, John, Robert, James and Henry. Mr. 
Carr became a wealthy planter and slave 
owner. He lived to be seventy years of 
age and died in Nelson county, Ky. He was 
a devout member of the Presbyterian church, 
in which he was a leader. John McMurray 
settled in Owen county, Ind. , in 1822,, and 
entered 160 acres of land in the woods. He 
had just cut a set of house logs when he sick- 
ened and died. He left one son, Thomas J., 
our subject. After the death of her husband, 
Mrs. McMurray took her infant son in her lap, 

and rode through the woods, horseback, to 
Nelson county, Ky. , a distance of 140 miles. 
This sturdy pioneer woman was undeterred by 
hardships and fatigue, which would daunt the 
strongest man at the present day. 

"The mothers of our forest land. 
Stout hearted dames were the.v; 
With nerve to wield the battle-as 
And join the border fray." 

She afterward married, in Kentucky, Thomas 
R. Anderson, and they were the parents of 
Ruth .\., William and Elizabeth, who are yet 
living, and James, Joseph, George, Sarah and 
Isaac, who are deceased. Mrs. Anderson was 
a member of the Presbyteiian church, a woman 
of great force of character and many virtues. 

Thomas J. McMurray, our subject, was 
born in Owen county, Ind., March 2, 1823, 
six weeks before the death of his father. He 
was reared by his mother and grandfather Carr, 
and was but two years and a half of age at the 
time of his mother's second marriage, and was 
taken by his mother to Owen county, Ind., 
where Mr. Anderson settled. As he grew 
up, much of the support of the family 
devolved upon him, and he had no 
opportunity of gaining any education. He 
remained with his mother and cared for 
her until he was twenty-three years old, 
when he began to work for himself. While 
in his twenty-fourth year, on June 4, 1847, he 
enlisted in company B, Fourth regiment Indi- 
ana volunteer infantry, at Gosport, Owen 
county, under Capt. J. I. Alexander. The 
company went to Jeffersonville, Ind., in wag- 
ons, and thence down the Ohio and Mississippi 
rivers in a steamboat to New Orleans. They 
left that city on July 9, by steamer, and on the 
1 2th of that month the steamer blew up in 
the Gulf of Mexico, but was only partially 
disabled, and ran into Galveston, Tex. The 
troops were embarked on a steamer, which 
sailed to the mouth of the Rio Grande river. 



and landed them in Mexico. Our subject 
served under Gen. Taylor, then under Gen. 
Scott, and afterward under Gen. Lane. He 
was in the battles of Huamantla, Pueblo, .\t- 
lixco and other battles. He served thirteen 
months and returned home with the troops. 
He was neither sick nor wounded, but was 
always in active duty as a faithful soldier. 
After six months' service with the infantry, he 
was transferred to the artillery, and was ••right 
gunner and nimiber one rammer." During 
this service^his right ear drum was burst by the 
discharge of the artillery, and he has ever 
since been totally deaf in one ear. On his 
return to Owen county, Ind., he married Chris- 
tina, daughter of Francis K. and Presha (Hil- 
ton) Porter. Mr. Porter was a pioneer of 
Johnson county, Ind., born in New Hamp- 
shire, of English descent, and finally settled in 
Owen county, when he became a prosperous 
farmer. He and wife were the parents of four 
children: Christina, Lethanna, \'erlinda and 
Presha E. Mr. Porter had been previously 
married to Margaret Glass. Their children 
were Julia A., Hiram, Sarah, Rhoda and Mar- 
garet H. (twins). Mr. Porter lived to be seventy- 
nine years old, and died in Owen county, Ind 
He was a member of the Swedenborgian 
church. He was well educated and a promi- 
nent citizen. After marriage Mr. McMurray 
settled in Owen county, Ind., in 1S50, and 
bought 250 acres of land in IlUinois. In 1S60 
he moved to Johnson county, Ind.. and in 1S79 
he came to Boone county, Ind. He now owns 
160 acres of land, being equally divided in 
Center and Harrison township. He and wife 
are the parents of nine children: Letha, 
Charles H., Mary P., John K., James H., 
Thomas J., Willis, Sarah and Lillis A. Mr. 
and Mrs. McMurray are members of the Chris- 
tian church, in which he has been deacon 
many years. He votes the straight democratic 
ticket. Mr. McMurray has been a man of iron 

constitution, and worked with great industry 
to accumulate his property. He is an honest, 
straightforward man, with the bluff manners 
of the veteran soldier. Aided by his faithful 
wife, he has brought up a respectable family 
of children. Charles H. married Lovina Bur- 
ton. He is a farmer in Kansas. They have 
six children. Mary F. married Joseph L. 
Mitchell, a farmer of Johnson county, Ind. 
They have six children. Letha married R. W. 
Burris, a farmer of Boone county. They have 
five children. Thomas J. married Lou Doty. 
He is a farmer, and they have six children. 
John married Savannah Lipps. He is a farmer 
and they have two children. Willis A. mar- 
ried Lizzie Mitchell. He is a farmer and they 
have three children. James H. married Mary 
F. McFadden. They are farmers and have 
three children. Lillis A. married James F. 
Mullen, a farmer. 

BLEMING MACE is descended from an 
old colonial Irish-American family 
and dates his birth from June 16, 
1830. His grandfather. Job Mace, a 
native of Pennsylvania, married Nancy Heath, 
of the same state, and became the father of 
four children: Samuel, Job, Nancy and Naomi. 
Samuel Mace, father of Fleming, was born in 
the year 1792, married Martha McFarland, 
who bore him nine children — Eliza A., Wil- 
liam, Job. Isabell, Fleming, Samuel, Robert 
H., Jane and Betsey, all deceased except Wil- 
liam, Isabell, and the subject of this mention. 
Samuel Mace was drafted at the close of the 
war of 1S12, but of course saw no service. He 
was also a native of Pennsylvania, and, al- 
though himself a Methodist, it was in his cabin 
that the early religious services of various 
denominations were held. He was a farmer 
by occupation, a man of deep piety and depart- 
ed this life November [3, 1S52, lamented by 



all who knew him. He was buried in Ripley 
county, Ind. His wife died in iS66, aged 
sixty-eight years, and is buried in Pennsylvania. 
Fleming Mace was reared to manhood in 
Pennsylvania, but, for many years, was a 
prominent resident of Ripley county, Ind., 
throughout which he is widely and favorably 
known for his many sterling traits of character. 
He was united in marriage March 13, 1S53, in 
Ripley county, Ind., to Abigail Vergason, 
daughter of Jesse Vergason, which union was 
severed by. the death of Mrs. Mace on the 
thirtieth day of March, 1S57. August 31, 
1759, Mr. Mace and Margaret Barickman were 
made man and wife, a union blessed with the 
following children — Martha E., born February 
7, 1862, died December 25, 1882; Mary E., 
born August 2, 1865; William F. , born May 
10, 1867; Sarah S., born January 2, 1869; 
Gnimelb, born December 29, 1S70; Francisco 
O., born July 9, 1872, and John W. , born 
February 7, 1876. 

At the breaking out of the rebellion Mr. 
Mace warmly espoused the cause of the Union 
and enlisted in July, 1862, in company F, 
Sixty-eighth Indiana volunteer infantry, with 
which he served until July of the following 
year, when he was discharged from the service 
on account of physical disability. While with 
his command, guarding a junction, he was 
taken very sick, from the effects of which he 
has never entirely recovered, suffering at this 
time from partial paralysis, which entitles him 
to a pension of thirty-six dollars per month. 
He entered the army a comparatively vigorous 
man, but returned almost a physical wreck, 
so much broken down, indeed, that he was 
compelled to go about with the aid of crutches, 
yet in this condition he traveled through the 
country in the interests of a publication, hiring 
his farm work done in the meantime. In 1866 
he felt it his duty to engage in the ministry, 
and at once began preaching, even before he 

became identified with any church organiza- 
tion; subsequently he joined the Methodist 
church, in the ministry of which he continued 
for a period of four years, when he severed his 
connection with that denomination and for the 
two succeeding years was a minister for the 
United Brethern church. Later his relation 
was again terminated, and for the past four- 
teen years he has been an ordained minister of 
the christian connection, commonly know as 
New Lights. During his ministry Mr. Mace 
has labored zealously, organizing several 
churches and receiving into their membership 
a great many people who have since become 
bright and shining lights in the christian world. 
He manifested great interest in the Sunday- 
school work during his first ministry, which 
work he considers equal in importance to that 
of the church, and all other moral and religi- 
ous movements have ever found in him 
an earnest advocate and liberal patron. Owing 
to financial reverses, Mr. Mace at one time 
was compelled to give up his property, includ- 
ing his home, and for the support of his family 
began to sell tin and glass-ware, and this, at a 
time, when his physical condition was such 
that he was obliged to travel through the 
country with the aid of crutches. His pension, 
originally four dollars per month, was after- 
ward reduced, and this at a time when his 
financial reverses made such a reduction ex- 
ceedingly hard to bear. Subsequently his 
name was replaced on the rolls through the 
interposition of Senator, afterward President 
Harrison, when his claims were allowed, re- 
ceiving the sum of $1,145. With the assist- 
ance thus received, he paid every dollar of his 
indebtedness, and in 1884 moved to Boone 
county and purchased a small farm in the 
township of Marion, where he has since resided. 
He now owns a well cultivated place of seventy 
acres, which is farmed by his children, and he 
is now passing his declining years in the enjoy- 



ment of that quiet which only those who have 
battled so long with the^obstacles of life know- 
how to appreciate. Before the war he affili- 
ated with the democratic party, but since that 
time has been a stanch supporter of the princi- 
ples of the republican party. He is a man of 
character, well respected by all who know him, 
and is justly entitled to mention in this con- 
nection with the representative citizens of 
Marion township. 

,>^ELFORD P. MAHONEY. a suc- 
Uf"^^ cessful farmer of Jackson township, 
>^^_^ Boone county, Ind., is of good old 
Irish stock, as his name implies, 
his grandfather on the paternal side having 
been the first of the family to take up 
his residence in America. Henry Mahoney, 
father of Belford P., was born in Ken- 
tucky, where he married Polly A. Steele, 
and where he died before Belford P. , a 
posthumous child, saw the light of day, and 
where the mother died when Belford P. was 
three years of age. The latter was reared by 
his grandmother until eight years of age, and 
was by her educated. At this age he was 
placed with a stranger, for whom he worked 
until seventeen years old, when he came to 
Indiana and enlisted in defense of the Union, 
October 2, 1862, at Ladoga, in company G, 
Eleventh Indiana volunteer infantry, was sent 
to Helena, Ark., and from October, 1862, un- 
til January, 1863, was on guard and picket 
duty ; was then in the first battle of Port Gib- 
son, Miss., was next at Champion Hill; then 
at the siege of \'icksburg from June I until 
July 4, when the city surrendered, all the de- 
tails of which gallant siege are given in full in 
war dispatches and works of history. After 
the capture of Vicksburg Mr. Mahoney was 
taken sick, and was confined in hospital at St. 

Louis for three months ; after his recovery he 
rejoined his regiment at Tallapoosa Bay, and 
was in the fight near this point, was in several 
severe skirmishes, and here his regiment vet- 
eranized. After doing guard duty at New Or- 
leans, the regiment was sent up Red river as 
far as Shreveport, and then returned east as 
far as Washington, D. C., via the ocean; hav- 
ing been on active duty the entire interval. 
Mr. Mahoney was then sent up the Shenan- 
doah valley and was in the historical Win- 
chester fight in 1864; was at Fisher's Hill and 
up the valley to near Staunton, and back to 
Cedar Creek. It was at this fight that Phil 
Sheridan came to the rescue, it will be re- 
membered, after his famous ride of twenty 
miles from Winchester, and Mr. Mahoney was 
on the ground at the time. He also helped to 
capture the last cannon, and finally went to 
Baltimore, Md., where he was on guard duty 
until his honorable discharge, July 26, 1865, 
when he came back to Indiana. It is here im- 
possible to here relate all the many acts of 
daring performed in detail by Mr. Mahoney 
during his very effective war service. Suffice 
it to say that he was a brave and gallant sol- 
dier, and that his services have been recog- 
nized by the grant of a pension, first in 1888, 
of $12 per month, and since increased to $18 
per month. Mr. Mahoney is married to Mar- 
garet C. , daughter of Isaiah and Nancy ( Mc- 
Gill ) Slaven, and their only child, Lou Ann, 
died at the age of seventeen months. In 1876 
he settled in Boone county, and bought a farm 
of forty acres, to which his industry has added 
until he now owns ninety-seven acres of most 
fertile land, well ditched and improved with 
substantial farm buildings and nice barn and 
comfortable dwelling. He and wife are mem- 
bers of she Christian church, and are among 
the most highly respected residents of the 
community. He is a member of Advance 
post. No. 524, G. A. R. , and has served as 


its senior vice-commander, and is recognized 
as a most useful factor in all departments of 
useful citizenship. 

of the leading dentists of Lebanon, 
and a veteran of the late war. Pa- 
ternally he is descended from an old 
English family, representatives of which were 
living in Pennsylvania and other eastern states 
in colonial times, and on his mother's side, 
also, he is of English lineage. His grand- 
father and his only brother Jacob, natives of 
Pennsylvania, came to Ohio with Wayne's 
army. They purchased land near the Big 
Miami river and attempted to settle there, but 
we're driven out by the Indians. They re- 
turned to Fort Washington, and while there, 
Joseph Martin purchased land in the Little 
Miami bottom. After the Indians were driven 
from that part of the state he married Miss 
Rebecca Gyrard and settled on the land near 
Newtown, in Hamilton county. He became 
a wealthy farmer and owned a fine place in the 
famed Miami bottoms, where he passed the re- 
mainder of his life, dying an aged man. The 
following are the names of twelve of his six- 
teen children: William, John, Levi, Jacob, 
Gano, Joseph, Patsy, Chloe, Jane, Susan, 
Rachael and Mehitable. Jacob Martin, son of 
Joseph, and father of Thomas H., was born 
near the town of Newtown, Hamilton county, 
Ohio, received a good English education for 
his day, taught school for some years, and for 
over a half century was an acceptable minister 
of the Baptist church. He left home while 
young to attend an academy at Alexandria, 
Ky. , and while there married Miss Mariam 
Spilman. Mrs. Martin's father was a Revolu- 
tionary soldier, became a man of prominence 
in Kentucky and held the office of high sheriff 
of his county; also, he was for many years jus- 

tice of the peace. He was proprietor of a tav- 
ern at the town of Alexandria and lived to be 
quite an old man. To the marriage of Jacob 
and Mariam Martin were born ten children, all 
of whom lived to maturity, viz. : Rev. Frank 
J., Rebecca A., James W., Sarah J., Capt. 
Thomas H., John S. (deceased), Dr. Jacob A. 
J., Margaret L. , Martha M. and Nancy E. 
.\fter his marriage Jacob Martin settled near 
Alexandria, taught school and preached in the 
states of Kentucky and Ohio. 

In 1 838 he moved to Decatur county, Ind., 
locating near Greensburg, where the remaining 
years of his life were passed on a farm. He 
was a man well known and greatly respected 
as a minister of the Missionary Baptist church, 
and was instrumental in organizing many con- 
gregations of that denomination in Kentucky, 
Ohio and Indiana. Originally a free-soil dem- 
ocrat, he afterward became an earnest sup- 
porter of the republican party, and during the 
war was noted for his loyalty and out-spoken 
friendship for the Union. He had three sons 
in the Civil war — James W., surgeon; Thomas 
H.. captain, and Jacob A. J., hospital steward. 
He reached the advanced age of eighty-four 
years, but continued to preach the gospel until 
j a very short time previous to his death. 

Thomas H. Martin was born in Campbell 
j county, Ky., September 30, 1836, and was 
i about two years of age when brought by his 
I parents to Indiana. He received a fair English 
I education in the common schools and later 
j obtained a knowledge of the higher branches 
1 of learning at Franklin college, which institu- 
tion he attended for a period of two years, 
I making commendable progress in the meantime. 
Having decided to devote his life to the pro- 
I fession of dentistry, he began the study of the 
; same in Greensburg, and after acquiring pro- 
! ficiency began the practice at Covington in the 
I year 1859. In August, 1862, he enlisted at 
I Covington in company E, Sixty-third Indiana 



infantry, and upon the organization of the 
company was elected second heutenant, and 
as such was mustered into the service, his 
commission bearing the signature of Gov. 
Morton. Mr. Martin served as lieutenant until 
March; 1864, at which time he was promoted 
captain of company H, One Hundred and 
Twenty-third Indiana infantry, and as such 
served with distinction until honorably dis- 
charged in December, 1865. He wasinall the 
battles of the Atlanta campaign, led his company 
gallantly at Rocky Faced Ridge, Resaca, Kene- 
saw Mountain, and other engagements and 
skirmishes during the siege of Atlanta. Later 
he was in pursuit of Gen. Hood through Ten- 
nessee, Alabama and Georgia and back to Nash- 
ville, and took part in the battle of Franklin, 
where his regiment was cut off from the rest 
of the Union forces. After the battle of 
Nashville, in which he also participated, the 
regiment proceeded to Washington city, thence 
to North Carolina, near Fort Fisher, and he 
was with his command in a severe battle 
fought near Kingston, N. C. He was mus- 
tered out at Indianapolis and honorably dis- 
charged on the date above mentioned after 
having seen over three years of active service, 
during which period he achieved a reputation 
of which any soldier might be reasonably 
proud. He was never wounded nor in the hos- 
pital, and shirked from no duty, however irk- 
some or dangerous." 

After the war Capt. Martin resumed the prac- 
tice of dentistry at Greensburg, and in April, 
1866, located at Lebanon, where he has si :ce 
resided, being the oldest practitioner in the 
city, his residence covering a period of twenty- 
eight years. Capt. Martin has been an enthu- 
siastic student of dentistry, keeps fully abreast 
of the times in the profession, and has a large 
and lucrative practice, which is not confined 
to Lebanon or Boone county. He served two 
terms as township trustee and in politics is a 

republican. Fraternally he is a member of 
Lebanon lodge, No. 45, K. of P., and his 
name appears upon the charter of Rich Mount- 
ain post, G. A. R. , in which he has at differ- 
ent times held important official positions. 
Religiously he is a Baptist, as are also his 
wife and several members of his family. Capt. 
Martin was married in February, 1S70, to 
Ella, daughter of John and Sarah (Blair) Jack- 
son. Mr. Jackson was a wealthy farmer of 
Westmoreland county. Pa., where he lived 
and died. To Mr. and Mrs. Martin were born 
three children — Frank F., a graduate of Frank- 
lin college; Harry J., editor of the Lebanon 
Daily Reporter, and Bertha, a graduate of 
the Lebanon high school. The mother of 
these children died in 1877, and afterward 
Capt. Martin married Emma Williams, daugh- 
ter of Rev. Eiiphalet and Mary A. (Harding) 
Williams. Her father for many years was a 
well known Baptist minister. 

SAMUEL K. MASTERS, a highly re- 
spected retired citizen of Thorntown, 
Boone county, Ind., was born in 
Franklin county of the same state 
October 2, 1823. His parents were John and 
Elizabeth (DeHaven) Masters, who were born 
in Berks county. Pa., and were of German 
descent. John, born June 21, 1783, was a 
son of Christopher Meschter (as the name was 
originally spelled), who was a son of Gregori- 
ous and Maria (Krauss) Meschter, who were 
the founders of the family in America and 
settled in Pennsylvania in 1734. Their seven 
children were born in the following order ; 
Christopher, on the Atlantic ocean, in June, 
1734; Maria, December 21, 1736; Melchoir, 
June 28, 1740; Susannah, September 25, 1742; 
Baltzer, October i, 1745; Anna, May 29, 
1748; and George, April 18, 1750. The 


mother of these children died November lo, 
1756, and the father December 16, 1775, in 
the seventy-first year of his age- 

Christopher Meschter, May 7, 1766, mar- 
ried Christine Yeakel, and by her became the 
father of the following-named children : 
Susannah, born February 20, 1767; Maria, 
March 10, 1768; David, September 13, 1769; 
Christina, December 24, 1771; George, in 
1774; Regina, September 25, 1776; Chris- 
topher, March 13, 1778; Magdalena, June 17, 
1780, John, June 21, 1783; Isaac, January 23, 
1787. The family now lived in Chester coun- 
ty, near Pottstown, and here changed the 
spelling of the name. John Masters was born 
in this county, and February 21, 1804, mar- 
ried Elizabeth DeHaven, who bore the follow- 
ing children: Rachel, June 3, 1805; Isaac, 
July 23, 1807; David, April 20, 1809; Mary, 
April I, 181 1; Elizabeth, May 20, 181 3; Ann, 
February 25, i8i6; Christopher, November 4, 
1 81 7; John, May 17, -1820; Samuel K. our 
subject and Jacob — the latter born December 
6, 1825. The father, mother, and Pennsyl- 
vania-born children came to Indiana in 18 19, 
and located in Franklin county, where the 
father died January 16, 1852, and the mother 
December 5, 1864 — both members of the 
Methodish Episcopal church. In fact, the 
family had for generations back been Prostest- 
ants and were compelled to leave Germany 
on account of their adherence to what was 
known as the Schwenkfelder^doctrine. 

Samuel K. Masters was reared to farming, 
and from the date of the death of his mother 
was engaged in that occupation on his own ac- 
count in Franklin county until 1866, when he 
settled in Washington township, Booue coun- 
ty, buying a farm of 160 acres, for which he 
paid $7,300 On this farm he lived until 
1 886,- when he came to Thorntown to seek 
retirement. Samuel K. Masters was married 
in Franklin county, Ind., January 25, 1855, 

to Nancy Burke, who was born in Lancaster 
county. Pa., March 5, 1836, a daughter of 
Hunter and Margaret (Kennedy) Burke, the 
former a native of Ireland and the latter born 
in Pennsylvania. To Samuel K. and Nancy 
Masters have been born four children, viz : 
Elizabeth J., William H., Mary L. , and Lewis 
W. The eldest, Elizabeth J., was born May 
30, 1856; the second, William H., was born 
November i, 1858, and is a graduate of De 
Pauw university and now principal of the high 
school at Muncie, Ind.; Mary L., the third 
child, was born April 21, 1862, was educated 
at the Frankfort (Ind.) high-school and grad- 
uated, also, from the high school at Ladoga, 
Ind. , whence she went to the medical college 
at Syracuse, N. Y. , and prepared herself for a 
medical missionary, and in August, 1S92, 
started for Foo Chow, China, where she ar- 
rived forty-seven days later and is now a resi- 
dent physician; Lewis W. , the youngest child, 
was born February 23, 1864, and now manages 
the home farm. Samuel K. Masters and wife 
are members of the Methodist Episcopal church 
and strictly adheres to its teachings. In politics 
he is a republican. His farm comprises 160 
acres, and his town house is the home of hos- 


\RION M. MANNER.— For nearly 
a quarter of a' century Mr. Manner 
has been a business man of Leba- 
~* non, and connected with the print- 
ing and publishing business. He descends 
from good old Pennsylvania-Dutch ancestry on 
his father's sitle, and on the maternal side 
from New England Green Mountain stock. 
David Manner, the father of our subject, was 
born in Pennsylvania and went to Ohio when 
young, settling in Ashland county, afterward 
moving to Putnam county, Ohio. He married 
a Miss Mowers, in Ohio, and they were the 


parents of five children: Joseph H., David, 
Mary E., Sarah and Elizabeth. This wife 
died, and Mr. Manner married, in Ashland 
county, Ohio, Angelina, daughter of Harvey 
Hill, of Vermont. To them were born Ham- 
ilton, Abigail, Marion M., Elmina J. and Julia. 
Mr. Manner died in Allen county, Ohio, in 
1 85 1, aged fifty-one years. He was a man in 
comfortable circumstances, owning a farm, 
and was an excellent citizen. 

Marion M. Manner, our subject, was born 
August 24, 1845, in Goben's Hollow, Ashland 
county, Ohio, and was educated in the public 
schools and learned, when very young, the 
printing business at Kalida, Putnam count}', 
Ohio, and gained, in the vocation of Franklin, 
the art preservative, a practical and e.xcellent 
education. He worked in various towns in 
Ohio at his trade, and in the spring of i S64 he 
went up the Missouri river with John Buchanan, 
the editor of "The Kalida Sentinel," to \'ir- 
ginia City, now Montana, at that time Idaho 
territory. They tcok with them a hand print- 
ing press. The journey was made by steam- 
boat up the Missouri river to Cow Island, one 
hundred miles below Fort Benton, and, with 
an Indian for a guide, the press was hauled 
two hundred and eighty miles to \'irginia City. 
In these early days the journey into this new 
country was a very eventful one; large herds 
of buffalo were frequently seen, and elk. black 
bear and other large game abounded. While 
on the way up the river the boat was landed 
to take on trees for fuel that had been cut 
down by beavers, and to bury a man who had 
died of the small-po.x. Mr. Manner and two 
soldiers went out perhaps half a mile on the 
prairie and shot the first buffalo killed by the 
party, and wounding another that was prepar- 
ing for an attack upon the slayers of his mate. 
This was at the time of the great gold excite- 
ment and there was no law in the territory, 
except that of the vigilance committee, and 

border life was seen in its original wildness. 
The saloons and gambling houses were in full 
blast. American frontier civilization was in 
all its freedom, with no police or justice court, 
prison or jail, to hold in awe the lawless ele- 
ment. "The Montana Post" was the first 
newspaper published in the territory and Mr. 
Manner pulled the lever of the hand press 
which printed the first number of that paper. 

They soon tired of this rough state of soci- 
ety, and both Mr. Buchanan and Mr. Manner 
retured overland to Putnam county, Ohio, our 
subject riding an Indian pony fourteen hun- 
dred miles to the state of Iowa, and saw the 
great northern deserts and plains in their prim- 
itive grandeur. Numerous trains and cara- 
vans, both going west and returning, were 
scattered all along the route, and at night the 
blazing campfires of their bivouacs brightened 
like stars in the lonel_\- desert. Frequent par- 
ties of Indians were seen, and many of them 
came freely about the camps and were gener- 
ally peaceable to large and armed parties, but 
would rob and steal from the defenseless. 

After this eventful experience, Mr. Manner 
arrived in Putnam county, Ohio, about the 
middle of November, 1S64, having been gone 
since the first of April preceding. In January, 
1865, he enlisted at Lima, Ohio, in company 
H, One Hundred and Ninety-First regiment, 
Ohio volunteer infantry, Capt. John E. Tracy. 
His service was in \'irginia, at Harper's Ferry 
and Winchester, and he was honorably dis- 
charged August 4, 1865. and came to La Fay- 
ette, Ind., and worked in various printing 
offices. In March, 1870, he came to Lebanon 
and bought a one-half interest in "The Pa- 
triot " and was connected with this paper until 
1S72. when he bought the job department. 
Since that time he has been engaged in the 
job printing business. He has now the only 
exclusive job printing office in Boone county. 
This office is well equipped with excellent 



presses and all varieties of type for the job 
printing business. 

Mr. Manner married, in April, 1872, Ella 
A., daughter of John and Ellen (Kirkpatrick) 
Bill. Mr. and Mrs. Manner have two chil- 
dren — Alva E. and Lyle R. Mr. Manner is 
one of the charter members of the G. A. R. 
Rich Mountain post, Lebanon, Ind. Frater- 
nally he is a member of the K. of P., Leb- 
anon lodge. No. 42, and has passed all the 
chairs, and has been representative to the 
grarid lodge. He is also a member of the Red 
Men, Winnebago tribe, No. 36, Lebanon, and 
has filled all the offices in his lodge, of which 
he has been representative to the grand lodge. 
Mr. Manner is entirely a self-made man and a 
very reliable citizen, who has had a varied ex- 
perience in life. He is skillful in his art and a 
practical business man, whose integrity is un- 

^"^MITH FRY COX.— A good livery 
•^^^* stable is of great advantage to any 

^ J thriving town, and such a one is con- 
ducted by the subject of this sketch, 
his establishment being the largest and best 
equipped of any in Boone county. Let us 
first, however, deal with the genealogy of Mr. 
Cox, and then trace his life career to the point 
where he entered upon his present prosperous 
business. His grandfather, Samuel Cox, was 
born in Virginia during the Revolutionary war, 
and went to Boyle county, Ky., when young, 
when that county was in a wild state. He was 
a typical pioneer and hunter, and many a deer 
and other game animal of the forest fell be- 
fore the unerring aim of his rifle. He was 
twice married, and by his first wife became the 
father of several children, of whom the names 
of John and Samuel are remembered, and to 
his second marriage were born Archibald, 
George, Richard, Fannie, Melissa, Nannie 

and Sallie. Mr. Cox was a man of small 
stature, but possessed an iron constitution, 
lived to the truly patriarchal age of 103 years, 
and was one of the oldest Americans on rec- 
ord; his wife also lived to be of the remarka- 
ble age of ninety-five years. They were both 
members of the Christian church. George 
Cox, the father of our subject, was born in 
Boyle county, Ky., in 1832, attended the pio- 
neer school, became a farmer and married 
Mary, daughter of Cager and Malinda Good. 
To them were born six children — Narcissa, 
Smith F. , Lizzie, Sallie, James H. and Nan- 
nie — all born in Boyle county, Ky. , on a farm. 
Mr. Cox passed nearly all his life in that 
county, and in 1878 moved to Boone county, 
Ind., and is now living in Milliageville, Hen- 
dricks county, Ind. His first wife died in Ken- 
tucky, and he next married, in that state, a Miss 
Johnson. This lady died in Hendricks county, 
Ind., and he then married Jane Cogshill, who 
has borne one daughter — Emma. 

Smith F. Cox, the subject of this sketch, 
was born in Boyle county, Ky. , on his father's 
farm, February 6, 1852. He attended the 
common school and also learned farming, but 
left home when twelve years of age, since which 
time he has made his own way in life. He 
first hired out at farming at twenty cents per 
day, remaining with one employer for five 
years, his wages being increased as be became 
more able to work. He afterward worked for 
Judge Lee, of Danville, Ky., for three years. 
He married, February 4, 1873, Mary J., daugh- 
ter of Ezekiel and Julia A. (Dale) Shirley, of 
Boone county. (For early history of Shirley 
family, see sketch.) Two children have blessed 
this union — Claudie, who died aged seven years 
and six months, and Lola E. On October 8, 
1 87 1, Mr. Cox came to Lebanon and worked 
at farm work one winter, then worked one year 
as a carpenter, after which he farmed in Boone 
county, finally buying a small farm near Mill- 






<5''ft«'?'~y^ '^Os-* flBLl'.,^^Kiia''>-'J3Sf'"^^Si^^S 

» . 




edgeville. By hard work, thrift and good man- 
agement he added to his .farm until he owned 
1 02 acres of fertile land, some of which he has 
sold, until he now owns but forty acres. Mr. 
Cox was appointed ditch commissioner of 
Boone county a few years since and held this 
office three and one-half years. He then en- 
gaged in the buggy and implement business in 
Lebanon, and after this was engaged in the 
general mercantile business. 

On July 4, 1S90, he engaged in the livery 
business in Lebanon, and one year, in com- 
pany with L T. Davis, was engaged in buying 
horses for the shipping and livery trade, and 
they did a successful business. He now owns 
and conducts one of the best livery stables in 
Boone county. He has many fine livery 
horses, buggies and carriages, and his equi- 
pages are always in fine condition. Mr. Cox 
and wife are members of the Methodist church, 
and he is a member of the L O. O. F, and has 
held all the offices of his lodge." He is a mem- 
ber of the Red Men, Winnebago tribe, of Leb- 
anon. Mr. Cox is also a member of the Boone 
county lodge of Masons, No. 9, of Lebanon, 
and is also a K. P., Lebanon lodge. No. 45. 
In politics he is a democrat. Mr. Cox is an 
energetic and successful business man, genial 
and pleasant in his manners, accommodating 
and straightforward in his business methods. 
He is one of the most popular men in Lebanon, 
and is entirely self-made. , having accumulated 
all his property by his own unaided exertions. 

Vj*OHN S. MASTERS, recorder of Boone 
m county, Ind. , is descended from an old 
n J colonial family that first settled in 
South Carolina, when Charleston was 
but a city in embryo, thence removed to Rich- 
mond, \"a., and finally made settlement in 
Kentucky. The grandfather of our subject, 
John Masters, married Miss Holmes, who bore 

him a son named James, who became a 
planter near Nicholasville, Jessamine county, 
Ky. , and in that county married Elizabeth, 
daughter of John and Elizabeth Hambrick, 
and to this estimable couple were born ten 
children, named as follows: John S., Eliza- 
beth, William J., Madison (who died when a 
child), Jane, Sophina W. , Mary, Henry G., 
Marcus L. and Joseph H. (who died in in- 
fancy). About the year 1825 or 1S28, the 
Masters family came to Indiana and settled in 
the then wilderness of Decatur county, but on 
account of sickness Mr. Masters was compelled 
to return to Kentucky; in the spring of 1850, 
however, he again came to Indiana, and this 
time rented a farm in Johnson county, on 
which the family resided until about the year 
1863, when they came to Boone county and 
settled in Washington township, where James 
Masters arose to prominence as a citizen and 
farmer, and a democratic politician of con- 
siderable note. His demise took place on his 
homestead in Washington township in 1S71, 
at the age of sixty-five years. 

John S. Masters, the subject proper of this 
biographical notice, was born in Decatur 
county, Ind., July 19, 1830. He was early 
inured to the toughening processes of farm 
labor, through which his physical frame was 
strengthened and his mental faculties brighten- 
ed. His educational advantages were, how- 
ever, quite limited, as he had access only to 
the primitive schools of those pioneer days, 
and his father having met with business re- 
verses, he, at the early age of thirteen, with 
his brothers and sisters, manifested their filial 
affection by engaging at work in a woolen mill 
in Jessamine county, Ky., in order to add to 
the family income, and bis time and attention 
were occupied by this humble but worthy em- 
ployment six long years. In the spring of 
1850 the entire family returned to Indiana, 
and here John S. followed the woolen busi- 


ness in Martinsville, Lebanon, and other towns 
for several years. January i, 1S57, he mar- 
ried Amanda Gully, daughter of Willis and Eli- 
zabeth (Land) Gully, and to this marriage have 
been born eleven children, viz: two infants that 
died unnamed, William A., John A., James A., 
Willis E., Albert E., Oda W., Lora L., Ezra 
H. and Daisy E. Mr. Masters resided in Leb- 
anon from 1S73 to 1S75 and then moved to 
Thorntown, which place he made his home 
until elected county recorder in 1S90, when he 
returned to Lebanon, which has since been his 
home. In politics Mr. Masters is a thoroughgo- 
ing democrat and was post-master at Thorn- 
town four years under Cleveland's i:rst admin- 
istration as president of the United States. He 
was elected to his present office as recorder by 
a very handsome majority, showing his great 
popularity with the people at large, of whom 
he is proud to rank himself as one — in sympa- 
thy, interest and action. He is assisted by his 
son, Lora L. , as deputy recorder, and Oda W. 
is Lora L. 's clerk. Mr. Masters is a devout 
member of the Christian church, and for fif- 
teen years was deacon of the congregation of 
that denomination at Thorntown. He is an 
Odd Fellow in high standing, having passed 
all the chairs of Osceola lodge, No. 173, of 
Thorntown, and having represented his sub- 
ordinate lodge in the grand lodge. Mr. Masters 
is a gentleman of quiet demeanor, is honorable 
and upright; painstaking and industrious, and 
enjoys the affection and esteem of innumerable 
friends throughout Boone county. 

>y*OSEPH H. MAYES, a prosperous and 
J skillful farmer of Center township, 
A 1 Boone county, Ind., was born in Parke 
county of the same state August 31, 
1846. His maternal grandfather, William 
Jackson, of Illinois, was a cousin of Gen. 
Andrew Jackson, the hero of 1812. William 

' Jackson was the father of the following chil- 
dren; John, Joseph, James, Alfonsius, Lizzie, 
j Minerva, Uphanda and Dorcas. Robert Mayes, 
1 father of Joseph H., was born in South Caro- 
I lina, of which state his ancestors, who prob- 
i ably came from Scotland, were early settlers. 
Robert Mayes was one of the early settlers of 
Parke county, Ind., and married Dorcas Jack- 
son, and to this union were born the following 
children: James, John, Leander, Albert, 
Joseph H., Elizabeth, Euphony, Mary and 

Joseph H. Mayes was only nine years of 
age when he lost his father, and a few months 
later his mother was taken from him. Being 
thus early left an orphan, he went to live in 
Montgomery county, with a farmer named 
Fullinwider, with whom he remained until the 
Civil war burst forth, when he enlisted in com- 
pany C, Fortieth Indiana volunteer infantry-, 
at the remarkably young age of fifteen years 
and two months — undoubtedly the youngest 
' lad to enter the service. He was shortly after- 
ward taken with measles and came near dying 
in the hospital at Nashville, Tenn., but became 
convalescent and returned home to recuperate. 
He then enlisted in company H, Fortieth 
Indiana, and was sent to Chattanooga, Tenn., 
being engaged the following four months in 
I constant skirmishing and fighting, and partici- 
; pating in all of the following battles: Dalton, 
\ Resaca, New Hope Church, Kenesaw Mount- 
, ain. Peach Tree Creek and others, all of them 
I verv severe. He was sent, also, with Gen. 
I Thomas, to harass the rebel Hood, and, beside 
several skirmishes, was in the terrific battle at 
j Franklin, Tenn. Mr. Mayes was made pris- 
, oner with a party of 600 men and sent to 
' Cahaba, Ala., where they were confined si.\ 
i months, with rations too poor to be fed to 
i swine. At Selma they found better quarters, 
and were finally sent to Vicksburg. where, 
after a detention of five or si.\ weeks, they 


were discharged September 19, 1865. Mr. 
Mayes, with hundreds of others, was placed, 
on board the ill-fated gteamer Sultana for re- 
turn to his home, but the boiler of this boat 
soon exploded, and nearly all its living freight 
either scalded to death or drowned. The 
account of the escape of Mr. Mayes- is here 
given in his own language: 

"I was on the cabin deck of the Sultana 
when the boiler e.xploded. One of the smoke 
stacks about si.x feet from me fell and broke 
the deck in and I went through onto the lower 
deck. I noticed that every man had to take 
care of himself. I could not swim, so I got 
four slats, one inch thick, three inches wide, 
and about ten feet long, and took my tent rope 
and tied them together; then I was ready. I 
picked up the slats and jumped into the river 
and started to "paddle my own canoe;" I got 
along finely till a drowning man caught me by 
the ankle. I kicked him loose and then tried 
to pull for the shore; sometime I would get 
within fifty yards of the shore, and the current 
would carry me toward the other side of the 
river, and I would try for that side, but it 
would strike me again, so I just kept floating 
back and forth across the river. I came across 
a man from a Michigan regiment. I said 
'Hello, comrade; advance and give the coun- 
tersign.' I asked him if he could swim. He 
sain 'No.' Then I asked him what kind of a 
plank he had. He replied, 'One three feet 
wide and ten feet long. ' We got together and 
tried to reach the shore, but the current would 
carry us back and forth across the river as be- 
fore, and by this time we were getting cold 
and somewhat discouraged. The man from 
Michigan said he would have to let go and 
drown. I told him that would never do, and 
encouraged him