Skip to main content

Full text of "A portrait and biographical record of Delaware county, Ind. : containing biographical sketches of many prominent and representative citizens, together with biographies and portraits of all of the presidents of the United States, and biographies of the governors of Indiana"

See other formats


97 7.201 




3 1833 02299 7867 







Prominent and Representative Citizens 





A. W. BOWEN & CO., 




IN placing this Portrait and Biographical Record of Delaware county, Ind., 
before the citizens of this county, the publishers can conscientiously claim 
that they have (carried out in full every promise made in their Prospectus. 
They point with pride to the elegance of the binding of the volume, and to the 
beauty of its typography; to the superiority of the paper on which the work is 
printed, and to the truthfulness depicted by its portraits, and to the high class 
of art in which the latter are finished. The few typographical errors oontained 
within its leaves are such as will occur in any volume on its first i)uliIication, 
and they are so trival as to liardly merit even a passing notice. Each and every 
biographical sketch has been submitted for correction and approval to the person 
for whom it was written, and therefore any error of fact, if there be any, is 
solely due to the person for whom the sketch was prepared. Differences in the 
spelling of surnames of members of the same family are due to the mutations of 
time, or residence in different locations, and in some instances these discrepancies 
have been explained — in others, no explanation has been made. The publishers 
would here avail themselves of the opportunity to thank the citizens of the 
county for the uniform kindness with which they have regarded this undertak- 
ing, and for the many services rendered in assisting in the gaining of necessary 

Confident that our efforts to please will fully meet the approbation of the 
public, we are, Respectfully, 

A. W. BOWEN & CO., Puhlhhers. 
Jaxuary 1, 3 894. 



, J 

,J. o.. 
on, C. E 
on. J. P 

e E 

G. F. 
on, W 
R. A 
V, C. -^^ 

^y, c. 
ly, E. 
ay, S. 
ige, D 
nith, A 
, C. A 
H. B. 

E. S.. 
J. v.. 


n, O. E 

y, P. H. 

y, B.. 
, A. J 
, W. D 
, J. M 

". N.. 
t J 

t, B.... 
t, O. L. 
ig", J. D. 


er, B. 



, C. L 
t, W 



, S . 

, E. ■W 

D. A. 

J. L.. 
J. W. 

y, F.. 

J. H.. 

n, J. I 
,F. L 
s, M.. 


Bowers, N. . . 
Bowers, R. . . 
Bowles, T. J 
Boxell, G.... 
Boyce, C. W 
BoYce, Mrs. M, 

Boyd, C 

Bradbury, A. B 
Bradbury, B. P 
Braddock, M. C 
Brady, A. W. . . 
Brady, T. J. . . . 
Braninier, D. E 
Brainmer, H. . . 
Brandon. W. R. 

Brandt, D 

Branson, H. . . . 
Bright, J. D., .. 

Brindel, G 

Brock. J 

Brooks, G. W... 
Brotherton, W. 
Brotherton, W. 

Brown, A 

Brown, C 

Brown. Mrs. H. 

Brown, J. S 

Broyles, Mrs. H. 
Broyles, T. 
Bryan, Brothers 
Bryan, R. J.. 
Bryan, W. R. 
Buchanan, J, 
Buckles, A... 
Buckles, J. S. 
Budd, C. A... 
Budd, S. O... 
Bullock, J. C. 
Bunch, R. A. 

Burk, J 

Burson, J. W 

Calaway, W... 
Cammack, D. . . 
Campbell, A. . 
Campbell, A. . . 
Campbell, D . 
Campbell, R, P 
Carmichael, J. . 
Carmichael. O. 

Cassell, J 

Casterline, J. P. 
Cathcart. C. W. 
Cecil, Z. W.... 
Chapman, A. W 

Chase, I. J 

Cheeseman, Mrs, 
Chilcote. F. L 
Church, C. H 
Clark, A. S.. 


Clark, W. T 608 

Claypool, M. S 235 

Clemens, W. A 791 

Cleveland. S. G.... 117 

Cleveng-er, J 717 

Cline, T 717 

Coffin, W. H 582 

Colby, H 691 

Colfax, S 164 

Collett, J 161 

Cooley, W. S 609 

Cooper, W. H..M... 236 

Cottrell, D. W.... 236 

Cowing-, G 237 

Crabbs, O. W 240 

Cranor, O.N 240 

Cromer, G. W 241 

Cox. W 766 

Crawford, J. W 645 

Crooks, C 692 

Cropper, I. N 241 

Crozier, G 243 

Cunning-ham, A. B. 718 

Cunningham, M. A. 719 

Curtis, Mrs. R. C. . . 646 

Daniels, F 740 

Darter, H. H 647 

Davidson, J 720 

Davis, E. E 531 

Davis, J. W 171 

Davis, L. W 693 

DeHaven, A. T 532 

Depoy, M. E 533 

Devoe, A 533 

Devoe, O. H 695 

Dick, P. B 253 

Dill, N. C 534 

Downing, J. R 648 

Dragoo, B. S 649 

Dragoo, J. W 245 

Drake, J. W 246 

Driscoll, W. E 246 

Drumm, E 583 

Drumm, J 584 

Duckwall, J. F 249 

Dudelston, C 694 

Duke, G. W 767 

Dung-an, J. W 251 

Dunn, J 791 

Dunn, J. C 792 

Dunn, R 252 

Dunning, P. C 133 

Dyer, S 516 


Eber, J. E.. 


Eiler, J. C... 


Elliott, G. L 


Ellis, F 


Ellis, S. M.. 

Ellison, G 

Elrod, F. A,... 
Emerson, C. . . . 
Emerson, W. C. 
Evers, J. N.... 

Fay, G. W 

Fenwick, C... 
Ferguson, J., . 
Fillmore, M... . 
Fitch, G. N... 
Flannery, J . . . 
Flemings, A.J. 
Fleming, C. A. 
Fleming, N. J.. 
Fletcher, D... 


Flowers, D. W. 
Fortuer, W. H. 
Franklin, L. A. 
Franklin, P. W 
Fudge, C. B.... 
Fudge, J. S 

Galliher, C. W. 
Galliher, M.... 
Galliher, M. J.. 
Galliher, Mrs. : 
Garfield, J. A.. 

Garrard, J 

Gates, H. N.... 

Gibson, W 

Gilbert, Miss J. 
Gilbert, T. H.. 
Gilmore, W. P. 
Goddard, J. A.. 

Good, A. H 

Goodrick, I. G.. 
Grant, U. S 
Gray, I. P. . 
Gray, J. M. 
Gray, J. T. 
Gray, W.... 
Green, G. R. 
Greene, G. W. 
Gregory, R. S 
Gribben,B. F. 
Griesheimer, J, 
Griffith, R. C. 

Groover, S 

Guthrie, T. S., 
Gwinn, A .... 

Haimbaugh, F. D 

Haines, C 

Haines, D. T. . 
Hamilton, A.. 
Hamilton, M. . 
Hamilton, S. . 
Hammond, A. A 


Hancock, G 

.. 299 

Jones, G. W 


McDonald, J. E 

... 158 

Neely, C. F. W. . 

.. 393 

Hancock, Mrs. ^ 

.. 656 

Jones, H. A 


McHardie, E. L 

... 543 

Neely, T. S 

.. 394 

McKiUip, T.... 
McKimmey, J. ] 

Neff, W. H 

Newman. S.J... 

.. 625 
.. 589 

Hannan.E. P... 

.. 537 

Jones,!,. J 


?... 360 

Hanneg-an, E. A. 

.. 153 

Jonsonbough, G .. 


McKimmey, J. W.. 623 

Nichols, G 

.. 627 

Harman, J 

.. 655 

Jordan D 


McKinley, J. W 
McKinleV, R... 


Nickey, F. B.... 
Nickey, J. F.... 

.. 396 
.. .395 

Harman, J. W.. 

.. 653 

Jordan, W. A 


... 663 

Harring-ton, T. E 

.. 300 

McLain.D. A.. 

... 365 

Nicodemus, C... 

.. 627 

Harrison, B 

.. 121 

Kabrich, G. W. . . . 


McLaughlin, G. 

N. 365 

Noble, J 

.. 149 

Harrison, W. H. 

.. 53 

Keesling. G. W. . . 


McNairv, S.... 

... 746 

Noble, N 

.. 130 

Harrison, W. H. 

.; 127 

Keesling, S. C. .. 


, ) 

Nutting, Mrs. S. 

Z. 272 

Madill, A 

Madison, J 

.. 544 
... 33 

Hartle, S. J 

.. 768 

Kemper, G. W. H. 


Oerther, J. J 

.. 666 

Hartley, J. J. . . . 

.. 301 

Kern. J. E 


Mahoney, Mrs. 

L.. 664 

Ofterdinger, A.. 

.. 728 

Hartley, J. M... 

.. 585 

Kerwood, A. L. . . . 


Manor. J. S . . . 

... 699 

Orr, D. P 

.. 771 

Hartley, Mrs. H. 

E. 586 

Kessler, J. P 


March, W 

. . . 366 

Orr, J 

. . . 602 

Hasting-s, S. G.. 

.. 302 

Kidnocker. M. 0.. 


Marks, E 

. . . .")45 

Overniire, H.... 

.. 667 

Hathaysraj', S 

.. 303 

Kilgore, C.W 


Marquell, H. M 

. . . 544 

Overmire, L. D. 

.. 668 
, J 

Marsh, J. R... 

Owen. R. D 

Hays, J. C 

.. 614 

Kiinbrough, C. M. 


... 371 

Marsh, \V. E. H 
Marsh, W. M. . . 

... 371 
... 370 

Parker. A. B. .. 
Parkison. G. W. 

.. 548 
.. 669 

Heath, J. W.,... 

.. 304 

I'^irby, J. M 



Kirby T 


Marshall. M. . . 
Marshall. R... . 


Parkison. S 

Parks, S 


Hefel. A. C 

. . 655 

Kirby, T. P 


. . . 624 

Heifner, D 

. . 567 

Kirby, W. W 



Patterson, A. F. 
Patterson, P. W, 


Heiiisohn, J. A. 

. . 305 

Kirkman, J 


Martin, J. S... 

.. 372 

... 513 

Helm. P. A 

. . 721 
. . 140 

Kitts, C. A 

Klein, H. C 


Patterson, R. I. . 
Paxton, C. M, . 

. . . 396 

Hendricks, T. A. 

Matthews, C. . . 

... 148 

.. 549 

Hendricks. W... 

.. 129 

Koons. G. H 


May. J 

... 747 

Peacock, W. H.. 

. . . 628 

Hensley, J. W... 

.. 6.S7 

Koons, Mrs. J.V. H 


Mavnard, W... 

... 800 

Pence, A. M.... 

.. 749 

.. 658 

Koon.s, W. P 


Meeks, J. A ... 

... 379 

Pence, A. W 

.. 803 

Koontz. Mrs. M. . . 
Krohn, J. S 



Meeks. J. W... 
Meeks, M. L... 

... 377 
... 378 

Perduie, A 

Perkins, J. W... 

. 400 
.. 397 

Highlands. H. H 

.. 305 


.. 306 

Krohn, W. F 


Meeks, O. L. . . . 

. . . 375 

Petenson, D. N.. 

.. 700 

Himes. G. W.... 

.. 615 

Meeks, R 

. . 376 

Peterson, J. F. . 

.. 701 

. . 722 

Lane, H. S 


Meeks, W. A... 

. . . 378 

Peterson, W.... 

.. 702 


Lenird S 


Messersmith, H 
Michael, D 

.... 379 
. . . 546 

Pettit J 


Hines, J. R .... 


Lenger, G. F 


Petty, J. S 

.. 399 

Hitchcock. W. R 

. . 309 

Eeavell, J. M.... 


Miller, A 

... 665 

Phillips, C 

.. 629 

HoLsing-er. J.,.. 

.. 616 

Ivefavour. J 


Miller, A. H... 

Phillips, Mrs. M, 
Phillips, N. H... 
Phinney. A. J... 

V. 549 

Holsinger, J. T. 

.. 616 

Leffler. J. G 

Lefter. B. F 


.. 400 

Hooke. L. J 

Miller, J 

... 3.81 

.. 404 

Honck, J 

Houck. .J. W. .. 

.. 617 
.. 618 

Leiion family 


Miller. R. N.... 
Mitchell. D. C. 
Mitchell, H . . . 

... 666 

Pierce, F 

. . 72 

Lenox, I 


... 382 

Pierce, J. S 

.. 550 

Hou-senian. E. F 

Lo^yellen. J. O.... 


Mock, A. R.... 


Pittser, W 

.. 671 

Hovey, A. P.... 

.. 146 

Lewis family 


Mock, J. D 

... 384 

Pixlev, W. N... 

.. 405 

Howard, I 

.. 796 
.. 659 


Mock, J. F 

Mock, M. G . . . . 

... ,383 

Polk, J. K 

Port, T 

Ho^yell, D. P. . . . 

Lincoln. A 

.. 405 

Hummel, J. R... 

.. 310 

:: 743 

Lindsev, J 


Moffett L 


Porter, A. G.... 


Hupp, J. G 

Hurley, J. J... . 

Lo-sh, J 


Moomaw. C. F. 

... 802 

Powell, J 

Hyer, H 

Losh. J 

Lotz.O. J 


Moore, A 

Moore, C. W. .. 

... 570 
. . 466 

Powers, B. P 

Powers, M 

.. 406 
. . 411 

Jackson, A 




Moore. D. B.... 
Moore. L 

. ... 699 
... 571 

Pratt D. D 

Puckett, E. J. . . 

Quick, J. A 

Jackson. F. G. . . 

.. 310 
.. 724 
.. 723 

Ludlow, J. B 

McAllister. A. J.. 

.. 412 

Jackson, J. -B. .. 

Jackson. J. H... 

Moore, W. J... 

... .599 

.. 589 

James, M 

.. 312 

McClung. J. H.... 


Moore, W. M... 

. . . . 748 

Janney, A. F 

.. 798 

McConnell, A 


Moore, W. R... 

... .388 

Racer, D. C 

.. 703 

Jefferson, T 


McConnell, E 


Moreland. J 

... 749 

Ralston, B.F.... 

.. 629 

Jennings, J 

.. 128 
.. 94 

Morrow, W. E.. 
Morton, O. P. .. 

. . . 546 
... 136 

Ratcliff, A. H .. 
Ray, J. B 

Johnson, A 

McCormick, M.... 


.. 130 

Johnson, A. L. . 

.. 315 


Motsenbocker, J 

M. 769 

Rea,Mrs. I 

.. 271 

Johnson, J. C... 

.. 316 



Munn, G. W... 

... 392 

Reasoner, O. I. . 

McCreery, T 

McCulloch J 


Munsev. D. O.. 
Murray, A. L. . 
Murray, A. P. . 
Murray, W. H. 

. . 803 
... 770 
... 547 
... 600 

Reece.J. N 

Rees, J 

Rees, J. H 

Rees, L 

.. 730 

Johnson, R. A. . 

.. 568 

Jones, A 

McCulloch, G. F.. 
McDaniel, J. E.... 


.. 730 
.. 413 

Jones, G. R 

.. 321 

Reticli. D. S 772 

Keplofrle, J 630 

Reynolds, B l>31 

Reynolds, J. H 632 

Kibble, C 414 

Ribble, W 415 

Rice. J. H 671 

Richardson, J. W.. 590 

Ricliev, W. S 416 

Ried,"S. M.... 419 

Rigdon, J 804 

Riiey, J. W 162 

Rinker, A 751 

Rinker, D 752 

Rinker, J. L 632 

Roads, H 420 

Robinson, G. W.... 421 

Roller,. J 633 

Rose, T. F 422 

Ross, J. C 422 

Rowlett, D. E 805 

St. Clair, A..... 127 

Sample, C. P 426 

Sample, K. G 428 

Sanders, J, F 428 

Schlegel, E. S 754 

Schleg-el, H. C 753 

Schlegel, J. C 754 

Schleg-el, Miss M. F. 754 

Schlegel, W. H 753 

Schmidt, W, G 429 

Scott, D 591 

Shafer, G 430 

Shafer, J. \V 431 

Sharp, O. M 775 

Sharp, T 806 

Sharp, W 755 

Shaw, L 482 

Shepp, J 755 

Shepp, G. W 433 

Sherry, W. P 433 

Shewmaker,D.H.H, 435 

Shick, C. A 438 

Shick, L 436 

Shideler, A, L 438 

Shideler, W. S 776 

Shields, E. A 439 

Shipley, C. E 440 

Shirey, L. E 775 

Shirk, A 704 

Shirk, H 705 

Shirk, W 706 

Shivelv, D, M 672 

Shockley, V 633 

Shoemaker, J 756 

Shroyer, S.J 551 

Shuttleworth, H. . . 732 
Silverburg, A. C. .. 443 

Simonton, D 572 

Simpson, J 592 

Singleton, J, A 443 

Skiff, C 604 

Slinger, A. J 444 

Slinger, T.J 446 

Slouiker, D. W. ... 552 

Smell, E 446 

Smith, J. H 448 

Smith, L. S 449 

Smith, M. C 


Turner. R 


Smith. M.R 


Turner, W. D 


Smith. O. H 


Turpie. I) 


Smith, S. 13 




Smith, W. R 


Tuttle. A 


Snider \ 

Tuttle, Mrs. E 

Tuttle, .J. S 


Snider, W 


Snodgrass, R. M. . 


Tuttle, M. L 


Snyder, A 


Tyler, J 


Snyder, E.G. A... 


Snyder. W. H 

454 1 

Undervyood, J 

593 1 

Snyder. W. R 

453 ' 


Sprankle, R 


Van Buren, M 


Springer, C. W, . . . 


Vigo, F 


Spurgeon, W. A... 


Voorhees, D. W . 


Staft'ord, G. A 



Stafford. J. E 

554 ' 

Wachtell, C. S. . . . 

487 ! 

Stafford. J. H 


Walker, J 

677 ' 

Stafford. J. R 


Walker, M 

678 1 

Staft'ord. J. Kilcv, 

Wallace, D 

131 1 

Stafford. T 


Wallace, L 

163 ! 

Stafford. \V. H . . . 

Walling, Q 


Stewart, E. R 


Walling. W 


Stewart, P. V... . 


Warfel, J 


Stewart, T. C 


Warner, R 




Washington, G.... 


Stouder, A, C 

459 ! 


Stradling, E. H... 

778 1 

Watson, J 


Stradling, J 


Watson, W. F 

4S9 1 

Stradling, R, W, . . 


Weayer, N. G 

710 1 

Stradling. W 


Wellington. J. R.. 

r,sO 1 

Streeter, J. L 



132 I 

Strong, A. B 


White. A. S 

152 j 

Strong, H 

White, J. D 

Strong, N. B 


Whitely. W. N 

514 I 

Stucky, C 

. 463 

Whiteman; G. W.. 

562 ; 

Summers, H. C... 

. 760 

Whitney. E 


Summers, W 

. 761 

Wiggerlv. J 

I'.SO ! 

Sunderland, S. K. 

. 7bl 

Wilcox. nl. J.IC, .. 


Sunderland, W... 


Wilcnx. n. ly 


Swain. J 

. 463 

Wilclerniuth. f. F. 


Swain, O. H 

. 365 

Wildman.J. F 


Swift, J 

. 675 

Will, H 

735 j 

Syphers, G, W. . . . 

. 560 

WiUard, A. P 


Williams, J. D 


Taylor, E 

. 779 

Williams, J. S 

496 1 

Taylor, W 

. 149 

Williams. W, H... 


Taylor, Z 

. 63 

Williamson, A 

577 1 

Templar, C. B 

. 473 

Wilson, G. V 

711 1 

Tempter, J. N 

. 469 

Wilson, J. W 


. 708 

Wilson, S. H 

711 1 

Thomas, J. M 

. 474 

Wilson, V 


Thotnas, S.K 

. 576 

Winans, H. C 


Thompson, M 

. 162 

Wingate, J.N 


Thompson, R. W.. 

. 170 

Wingate, J, W.... 


Thompson, W 

. 732 

Winton, R 

. 505 

Thompson, W. A.. 

. 474 

Witt. E 

. 506 

Thoruburg, E 

. 733 

Wolf. A 

. 209 

Thornbnrg, J.... 

. 709 

Wood. J 

. 578 

Thornburg, J. H.. 

. 734 

Wood, J. C 

. 512 

Tindall, O. H.... 

. 560 

Wood, W. H. H... 


Tipton, J 

. 150 

Woolverton.Mrs. R 

. 564 

Tom, J. H 

. 475 

Worley, I 

. .565 

Trent, I, N 

. 476 

Wright, I 

. 681 

Trowbridge, D. L 

. 592 

Wright, J. A 

. 134 

Truitt. Mrs. A. A 

. 482 

Wysor. J. H 


Truitt, J ■ 

, 481 

Tuhey. E 

. 484 

Yingling, Mrs. R. 

. 682 

Turner, M 

. 485 

Yockey, A 

. 736 

Young, W.H. F.... 518 

Younts, G. W 713 

Younts, W. H 780 

Governors and Rep, Meu. 

liakor. C l.ii. 

Higger. S 132 

Boon, R 129 

Bright, .1. D 154 

Cathcart, C. W 156 

Chase, I. J 147 

Colfax, S 164 

CoUett, J 161 

Davis. J. W 171 

Dunning, P. C 133 

Fitch, G. N 1.S6 

Gray, LP 144 

Hammond, A. A... 135 

Hanna, R 151 

Haniiegan, E. A. . . 153 

Harrison, W. H 127 

Hendricks, T. A... 140 

Hendricks, W 129 

Hovey, A. P 146 

Jennings, J 128 

Jordan, D 161 

Lane, H. S 139 

McDonald, J. E... 158 

Matthews, C 148 

Morton, O. P 136 

Noble, J 149 

Noble. N 130 

Owen. R. D 169 

Pettit, J 155 

Porter. A. (i 144 

Po.sey, T 127 

Pratt. D. V 157 

Ray, J. B 130 

]{iley, J. W 162 

St. Clair, A 127 

Smith, O. H 151 

Taylor, W 149 

Thompson, M 162 

Thompson, R. W. . . 170 

Tipton, J 1.50 

Turpie, D 157 

Vigo, F 171 

Voorhees, D. W.... 160 

Wallace, D 131 

Wallace, L 163 

Whitcomb,J 132 

White. A. S 1.52 

Willard, A. P 1.^4 

Williams, J. D 143 

Wright, J. A 134 


Adams, J , 25 

Adams, J. y 41 

Arthur, C. A.-. 113 

Buchanan, J. .. ^. . . 76 
Cleveland, S. G.... 117 

Fillmore, M 68 

Garfield. J. A 109 

Grant. U. S 93 

Harrison. B....' 121 

Harrison, W. H... 53 


Hayes, R. B 102 

Gibson, Mrs. C, be- 

Lenox, MissH. A., 

Ross, J. C, facing.. 422 

Jackson, A 45 

tween 612 and.... 613 

between 620 and.. 


Sanders, J. F., fac'g 428 

Jefferson, T 29 

Gibson, W. C, be- 

Lenox, 621 

Schlegel, H. C, be- 

Johnson, A 94 

tween 612 and. ... 613 

Lewellen, J. O., fac- 

tween 752 and. .. . 7i3 

Lincoln, A 90 

Goddard,J. A 276 



Schlegel, Mrs.L. J., 

Madison, J 33 

Goddard, Mrs. M.. . 277 

Lewis, W., facing.. 


between 752 and.. 753 

Monroe, J 37 

Good, A. H 595 

McCIung, J. H., fac- 

Shafer, J. W., facing 421 

Pierce, F 72 

Green, G. R 281 



Sharp, Mrs. M., be- 

Polk, J. K 60 

Greene, G.W, facing 283 

McConnell, J.,fac'g 


tween 754 and.,. . 755 

Taylor, Z 63 

Gregory, R. S.,fam- 

McCormick, M 


Sharp, T 174 

Tyler, J 57 

Van Buren, M 49 

McKillup, T 

McLaughlin, G. N. 


Sharp, W., between 
754 and 755 

Harailton,A., facing 296 


Washington, G 21 

Hancock, Mrs. N.. 

McLaughlin, Mrs. 

Shipley, C 441 

facing 656 



Shoemaker, J., fac'g 756 


Harman, J. .between 

March, Mrs. M., be- 

SkifF,C.,bet. 604and 605 

652 and 653 

tween 366 and... . 


Skiff, Mrs. L., be- 

Andes, Mrs. M. S., 

Harman,Mrs.L., be- 

March, W., between 

tween 604 and 605 

between 736 and . . 737 

tween 652 and 653 

366 and 


Snyder, E.C., fac'g 757 

Andes, R. A., be- 

Harrington, T. E., 

Martin, J. S 


Snyder, W. R 452 

tween 736 and. .. . 737 

facing 300 

Marshall, R., facing 


Stewart, E. R., be- 

Anthony, E. C 184 

Hastings,S.G., fac- 

Mitchell, D. C. be- 

tween 758 and. .. . 759 

Anthony.Mrs. R. G. 185 

ing 302 

tween 382 and 


Stewart, Mrs. M., 

Anthony, S. P 179 

Hensley, J. W., fac- 

Mitchell, Mrs. E., 

between 758 and. 759 

Armitage, Mrs.C.E. 191 

ing 657 

between 382 and . 


Stififler family, be- 

Armitage, D. R... 190 

Highlands, H. H., 

Mock, J. D., between 

tween 458 and. .. . 459 

Bender,C.L., facing 199 

facing 305 

384 and 


Swain, O. H., fac'g 465 

Beouv, O., facing.. 200 

Hines, Mrs. A., be- 

Mock, J. F., between 

Templer, C.B 472 

Bowers, N., facing. 738 

tween 308 and 309 

384 and 


Templer, J. N 468 

Trowbridge, D., fac- 

Bowles,T. J., facing 203 

Hines,J.R., between 

Mock, M. G 


Brandon, W. S., fac- 

308 and 309 

Mock, Mrs. M. D... 


ing 592 

ing 739 

Hitchcock, W. E., 

Moore, A., between 

Truitt, Mrs. A. A. . 479 

Bunch, Mrs. M. A. 217 

facing 309 

570 and 


Truitt, J 478 

Bunch, R. A 216 

Holsinger,J., facing 616 

Moore, Mrs. M. A., 

Wildermuth, C. F.. 493 

Burson, J. W 222 

Holsinger, J. T., be- 

between 570 and. 


Wildman, J. F 494 

Cammack, D 224 

tween 616 and. .. . 617 

Moore, W. R.. facing 


Williams, S. J., fac- 

Chapman, A. W. . . . 231 

Holsinger, Mrs. M. 

Neely,C. F. W., fac- 

ing 605 

Cooper, W. H. M., 

C,between616and 617 



Willsou,Mrs.E., be- 

facing 236 

Hurley, J. J., facing 743 

Parkison, S., facing 


tween 496 and.... 497 

Cranor, O. N., fac'g 240 

Jackson, Mrs. E., 

Peterson, Miss E. 

Willson, v., between 

Cromer, G.W.,fac'g 241 

between 722 and. 723 

E.. facing 


496 and 497 

Crozier,G.W., fac'g 243 

Jackson, J. H., be- 

Petty, J. S., facing. 


Witt, E 508 

Cunningham, A. B., 

tween 722 and.. . . 723 

Phillips,N.H., fac'g 


Witt, Mrs. E. F.... 509 

facing 718 

James, M., facing.. 312 

Pierce, C, between 

Cunningham, M. A. 174 
Dungan, Mrs. E., 

Johnson A L 318 

750 and 


Presidential Portraits. 

Johnson, Mrs. F. M. 319 

Pierce, Mrs. R., be- 

between 250 and. . 251 

Johnson,J.C., fac'g 321 

tween 750 and.... 


Adams, J 24 

Dungan, J. W., be- 

Johnson,R.A., fac'g 468 

Pittser, Mrs. E.. be- 

Adams, J. Q 40 

tween 250 and.... 251 

Jones, G. R., be- 

tween 670 and. . . . 


Arthur, C. A 112 

Driscoll, W. E 247 

tween 322 and. .. . 323 

Pittser,W.. between 

Buchanan, J 77 

Duckwall,J.T., fac- 

Jones, J.H., between 

670 and 


Cleveland, S. G 116 

ing 249 

744 and 745 

Port, Mrs. C, be- 

Fillmore, F 69 

Eber,J.E., between 

Jones, Mrs. M., be- 

tween 404 and 


Garfield, J. A 108 

252 and 253 

tween 322 and. .. . 323 

Port,T.,bet.404and 405 

Grant, U.S 99 

Eber, Mrs. J. E., 

Jones,Mr. M.J., be- 

Powell, J., facing. . 


Harrison, B 120 

between 252 and. . 253 

tween 744 and 745 

Powers, M .. 


Harrison, W. H.... 52 

Eiler, J. C 255 

Jordan, Mrs. M.,be- 

Powers, Mrs. M. E. 


Haves, R. B 103 

Elliott, G. E 256 

tween724 and 725 

Reasoner, O. I., fac- 

Jackson. A 45 

Ellison, Mrs. A. C. 

Jordan, W. A., be- 


Jefferson, T . 28 

between 740 and.. 741 

tween 724 and 725 

Rees, L., between 

Johnson, A 95 

Ellison, G., between 

Keesliug, S. C, fac- 

412 and 


Lincoln, A 91 

740 and 741 

ing 323 

Rees, Mrs. M. A., 

Madison, J 32 

Evers, J. M., facing 261 

Keller, H. J., facing 324 

between 412 and. 


Monroe. J 36 

Flowers, D. W., be- 

Kemper, G. W. H., 

Reynolds, B.. be- 

Pierce, F 73 

tween 650 and 651 

facing 325 

tween 630 and 


Polk, J. K 61 

Flowers,Mrs.M., be- 

Koons, G. H 340 

Reynolds, Mrs. E., 

Taylor, Z 65 

tween 650 and 651 

Koons,Mrs.J.V.H. 341 

between 630 and.. 


Tvler, J 56 

Galliher, M 268 

Lefter. B. F.,facing 763 

Richey, W. S 


Van Buren, M 48 

Galliher. Mrs. R... 269 

Lenox, Mrs. A. C, 

Robinson, G. W.. 

Washington, G 20 

Gibson, W, bet. 612, 613 

between 620 and . 621 








■ ^\ in Westmorland county, Va. , Febru- 
\^^ ary 22, 1732. His parents were 
Augustine and Mary (Ball) Washing- 
ton. His great-grandfather, John Washing- 
ton, came from England to Virginia about 
1657, and became a prosperous planter. He 
had two sons, Lawrence and John. The former 
married Mildred Warner and had three children, 
John, Augustine and Mildred. Augustine, the 
father of George, first married Jane Butler, 
who bore him four children, two of whom, 
Lawrence and Angustine, reached maturity. 
Of six children by his second marriage, George 
was the eldest, the others being Betty, Sam- 
uel, John Augustine, Charles and Mildred. 

Augustine Washington, the father of George, 
died in 1743, leaving a large landed property. 
To his eldest son, Lawrence, he bequeathed 
an estate on the Potomac, afterward known 
as Mount Vernon, and to George he left the 
parental residence. George received only 
such education as the neighborhood schools 
afforded, save for a short time after he left 
school, when he received private instructions 
in mathematics. 

He was an acknowledged leader among his 
companions, and was early noted for that 
nobleness of character, fairness and veracity 
which characterized his whole life. 

When George was fourteen years old he had 

a desire to go to sea, and a midshipman's warrant 
was secured for him, but through the opposi- 
tion of his mother the idea was abandoned. 
Two years later he was appointed surveyor to 
the estate of Lord Fairfax. In this business 
he spent three years. In 1751, though only 
nineteen years of age, he was appointed ad- 
jutant with the rank of major in the Virginia 
militia, then being trained for active service 
against the French and Indians. Soon after 
this he sailed to the West Indies with his 
brother Lawrence, who went there to restore 
his health. They soon returned, and in the 
summer of 1752 Lawrence died, leaving a 
large fortune to an infant daughter, who did 
not long survive him. On her demise the estate 
of Mount Vernon was given to George. 

Upon the arrival of Robert Dinwiddie, as 
lieutenant-governor of Virginia, in 1752, the 
militia was reorganized, and the province 
divided into four military districts, of which 
the northern was assigned to Washington as 
adjutant-general. Shortly after this a very 
perilous mission was assigned him. This was 
to proceed to the French post near Lake Erie 
in north-western Pennsylvania. The distance 
to be traversed was between 500 and 600 miles. 
Winter was at hand, and the journey was to 
be made without military escort, through a 
territory occupied by Indians. The trip was a 
perilous one, and several times he came near 


losing his life, yet he returned in safety and 
furnished a full and useful report of his expe- 
dition. A regiment of 300 men was raised in 
Virginia and put in command of Col. Joshua 
Fry, and Major Washington was commissioned 
lieutenant-colonel. Active war was then begun 
against the French and Indians, in which 
Washington took a most important part. In 
the memorable event of July 9, 1755, known 
as Braddock's defeat, Washington was almost 
the only officer of distinction who escaped 
from the calamities of the day with life and 
honor. The other aids of Braddock were dis- 
abled early in the action, and Washington 
alone was left in that capacity on the field In 
a letter to his brother he says: "I had four 
bullets through my coat, and two horses shot 
under me, yet I escaped unhurt, though death 
was leveling my companions on every side. " 
An Indian sharpshooter said he was not born 
to be killed by a bullet, for he had taken direct 
aim at him seventeen times, and failed to hit 
him. After having been five years in the 
military service, he took advantage of the fall 
of Fort Duquesne and the expulsion of the 
French from the valley of the Ohio, to resign 
his commission. Soon after he entered the 
legislature, where, although not a leader, he 
took an active and important part. January 
•7. 1759. he married Mrs. Martha (Dandridge) 
Custis, the wealthy widow of John Parke 

When the British parliament had closed 
the port of Boston, the cry went up through- 
out the provinces that "The cause of Boston 
is the cause of us all." It was then, at the 
suggestion of Virginia, that a congress of all 
the colonies was called to meet at Philadel- 
phia, September 5, 1774, to secure their com- 
mon liberties, peaceably if possible. To this 
congress Col. Washington was sent as a dele- 
gate. On May 10, 1775, the congress re- 
assembled, when the hostile intentions of Eng- 

land were plainly apparent. The battles of 
Concord and Lexington had been fought. 
Among ths first acts of this congress was the 
election of a commander-in-chief of the colo- 
nial forces. This high and responsible office 
was conferred upon Washington, who was still 
a member of the congress. He accepted it on 
June 19, but upon the express condition that 
he receive no salary. He would keep at exact 
account of expenses and expect congress to 
pay them and nothing more. The war was 
conducted by him under every possible disad- 
vantage, and while his forces often met with 
reverses, yet he overcame every obstacle, and 
after seven years of heroic devotion and match- 
less skfll he gained liberty for the greatest 
nation of earth. On December 23, 1783, 
Washington resigned his commission as com- 
mander-in-chief of the army to the continental 
congress sitting at Annapolis, and retired im- 
mediately to Mount Vernon. 

In February, 1789, Washington was unan- 
imously elected president. In his presidential 
career he was subject to the peculiar trials in- 
cidental to a new government; trials from lack 
of confidence on the part of other govern- 
ments; trials for the want of harmony between 
the different sections of our own country; trials 
from the impoverished condition of the coun- 
try, owing to the war and want of credit; 
trials from the beginnings of party strife 

At the expiration of his first term he was 
unanimously re-elected. At the end of this 
term many were anxious that he be re-elected, 
but he absolutely refused a third nomination. 
On the 4th of March, 1797, he returned to 
his home, hoping to pass there his few remain- 
ing years free from the annoyance of public 
life Later in the year, however, his repose 
seemed likely to be interrupted by war with 
France. At the prospect of such a war he was 
again urged to take command of the armies. 
He chose his subordinate officers and left to 




them the charge of matters in the field, which 
he superintended from his home. In accepting 
the command he made the reservation that he 
was not to be in the field until it was neces- 
sary. In the midst of these preparations his 
life was suddenly cut off. December 12, he 
took a severe cold from a ride in the rain, 
\\ hich, settling in his throat, produced inflam- 
mation, and terminated fatally on the night 
of the 14th. On the iSth his body was borne 
with military honors to its final resting place, 
and interred in the family vault at Mount 

The person of Washington was unusually 
tall, erect and well proprotioned. His features 
were of a beautiful symmetry. He commanded 
respect without any appearance of haughtiness, 
and was ever serious without being dull. 

Vj*OHN ADAMS, the second president 
M and the first vice-president of the 
m 1 United States, was born in Braintree, 
, now Quincy, Mass. , and about ten 
miles from Boston, October 19, 1735. His 
great-grandfather, Henry Adams, emigrated 
from England about 1640, with a family of 
eight sons, and settled at Braintree. The 
parents of John were John and Susannah 
(Boylston) Adams. His father was a farmer 
of limited means, to which he added the busi- 
ness of shoemaking. He gave his eldest son, 
John, a classical education at Harvard college. 
John graduated in 1755, and at once took 
charge of the school in Worcester, Mass. This 
he found but a "school of affliction," from 

I which he endeavored to gain relief by devot- 

! ing himself, in addition, to the study of law. 

! For this purpose he placed himself under the 
tuition of the only lawyer in the town. He 

i was well fitted for the legal profession, pos- 
sessing a clear, sonorous voice, being ready and 
fluent of speech, and having quick perceptive 

powers. In 1764 he married Abigail Smith, a 
daughter of a minister, and a lady of superior in- 
telligence. Shortly after his marriage (1765) 
the attempt of parliamentary taxation turned 
him from law to politics. He took initial steps 
toward holding a town meeting, and the resolu- 
tions he offered on the subject became very 
popular throughout the province, and were 
adopted word for word by over forty different 
towns. He moved to Boston in 1768, and 
became one of the most courageous and prom- 
inent advocates of the popular cause, and was 
chosen a member of the general court (the 
legislature) in 1770. 

Mr. Adams was chosen one of the first dele- 
gates from Massachusetts to the first conti- 
nental congress, which met in 1774. Here he 
distinguished himself by his capacity for busi- 
ness and for debate, and advocated the move- 
ment for iddependence against the majority of 
the members. In May, 1776, he moved and 
carried a resolution in congress that the colo- 
nies should assume the duties of self-govern- 
ment. He was a prominent member of the 
committee of five appointed June 11, to pre- 
pare a declaration of independence. This 
article was drawn by Jefferson, but on Adams 
devolved the task of battling it through con- 
gress in a three days' debate. 

On the day after the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence was passed, he wrote a letter to his 
wife which, as we read it now, seems to have 
been dictated by the spirit of prophecy. 
"Yesterday," he says, "the greatest question 
was decided that ever was debated in America; 
and greater, perhaps, never was or will be 
decided among men. A resolution was passed 
without one dissenting colony, 'that these 
United States are, and of right ought to be, 
free and independent states.' The 4th of 
July, 1776, will be a memorable epoch in the 
history of America. I am apt to believe it 
will be celebrated by succeeding generations, 


as the great anniversary festival. It ought to 
be commemorated as the day of dehverance 
by solemn acts of devotion to Almighty God. 
It ought to be solemnized with pomp, shows, 
games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires, and illu- 
minations from one end of the continent to the 
other, from this time forward for ever. You 
will think me transported with enthusiasm, but 
I am not. I am well aware of the toil, and 
blood and treasure, that it will cost to main- 
tain this declaration, and support and defend 
these states; yet, through all the gloom, I can 
see the rays of light and glory. I can see 
that the end is worth more than all the means; 
and that posterity will triumph, although you 
and I may rue, which I hope we shall not." 

In November, 1777, Mr. Adams was ap- 
pointed a delegate to France to co-operate 
with Benjamin Franklin and Arthur Lee, who 
were then in Paris, in the endeavor to obtain 
assistance in arms and money from the French 
government. He left France June 17, 1779. 
In September of the same year he was again 
chosen to go to Paris, and there hold himself 
in readiness to negotiate a treaty of peace and 
of commerce with Great Britain, as soon as 
the British cabinet might be found willing to 
listen to such proposals. He sailed for France 
in November, from there he went to Holland, 
where he negotiated important loans and 
formed important commercial treaties. 

Finally a treaty of peace with England 
was signed January 21, 1783. The re-action 
from the excitement, toil and anxiety through 
which Mr. Adams had passed threw him into 
a fever. After suffering from a continued 
fever and becoming feeble and emaciated he 
was advised to go to England to drink the 
waters of Bath. While in England, still 
drooping and desponding, he received dis- 
patches from his own government urging the 
necessity of his going to Amsterdam to nego- 
tiate another loan. It was winter, his health 

was delicate, yet he immediately set out, and 
through. storm, on sea, on horseback and foot, 
he made the trip. 

February 24, 1785, congress appointed 
Mr. Adams envoy to the court of St. James. 
Here he met face to face the king of England, 
who had so long regarded him as a traitor, 
As England did not condescend to appoint 
minister to the United States, and as Mr. 
Adams felt that he was accomplishing but lit- 
tle, he sought permission to return to his own 
country, where he arrived in June, 1788. 

When Washington was first chosen presi- 
dent, John Adams, rendered illustrious by his 
signal services at home and abroad, was 
chosen vice president. Again at the second 
election of Washington as president, Adams 
was chosen vice president. In 1796, Wash- 
ington retired from public life, and Mr. Adams 
was elected president, though not without 
much opposition. Serving in this office four 
years, he was succeeded by Mr. Jefferson, his 
opponent in politics. 

While Mr. Adams was vice president the 
great French revolution shook the continent 
of Europe, and it was upon this point which 
he was at issue with the majority of his 
countrymen led by Mr. JefTerson. Mr. Adams 
felt no sympathy with the French people in 
their struggle, for he had no confidence in 
their power of self-government, and he utterly 
abhorred the class of atheist philosophers who 
he claimed caused it. On the other hand 
Jefferson's sympathies were strongly enlisted 
in behalf of the French people. Hence origi- 
nated the alienation between these distin- 
guished men, and two powerful parties were 
thus soon organized, Adams at the head of 
the one whose sympathies were with England, 
and Jefferson led the other in sympathy with 
France. In 1824, his cup of happiness was 
filled to the brim, by seeing his son elevated 
to the highest station m the gift of the people. 






The 4th of July, 1826, which completed 
the half century since the signing of the Dec- 
laration of Independence, arrived, and there 
were but three of the signers of that immortal 
instrument left upon the earth to hail its 
morning light. And, as it is well known, on 
that day two of these finished their earthly 
pilgrimage, a coincidence so remarkable as to 
seem miraculous. For a few days before Mr. 
Adams had been rapidly failing, and on the 
4th, he found himself too weak to rise from his 
feed. On being requested to name a toast for 
the customary celebration of the day, he ex- 
claimed "Independence FOREVER." When 
the day was ushered in, by the ringing of bells 
and the firing of cannons, he was asked by 
one of his attendants if he knew what day i-t 
was.' He replied, "Oh yes; it is the glorious 
fourth of July — God bless it — God bless you 
all." In the course of the day he said, "It is 
a great and glorious day." The last words he 
uttered were, "Jefferson survives." But he 
had, at one o'clock, resigned his spirit into the 
hands of his God. The personal appearance 
and manners of Mr. Adams were not particu- 
larly prepossessing. His face, as his portrait 
manifests, was intellectual and expressive, but 
his figure was low and ungraceful, and his 
manners were frequently abrupt and uncourte- 

'HOMAS JEFFERSON, third presi- 
dent of the United States, was born 
April 2,1743, at Shadwell, Albermarle 
county, Va. His parents were Peter 
and Jane (Randolph) Jefferson, the former a 
native of Wales, and the latter born in Lon- 
don. To them were born six daughters and 
two sons, of whom Thomas was the eldest. 
When fourteen years of age his father died. 
He received a most liberal education, having 
been kept diligently at school from the time 

he was five years of age. In 1760 he entered 
William and Mary college. Williamsburg 
was then the seat of the colonial court, and it 
was the abode of fashion and splendor. Young 
Jefferson, who was then seventeen years old, 
lived somewhat expensively, keeping fine 
horses, and was much caressed by gay society, 
yet he was earnestly devoted to his studies, 
and irreproachable in his morals. In the 
second year of his college course, moved by 
some unexplained inward impulse, he discarded 
his horses, society, and even his favorite violin, 
to which he had previously given much time. 
He often devoted fifteen hours a day to hard 
study, allowing himself for exercise only a run 
in the evening twilight of a mile out of the city 
and back again. He thus attained very high 
intellectual culture, and excellence in philoso- 
phy and the languages. The most difficult 
Latin and Greek authors he read with facility. 

Immediately upon leaving college he began 
the study of law. For the short time he con- 
tinued in the practice of his profession he rose 
rapidly and distinguished himself by his energy 
and acuteness as a lawyer. But the times 
called for greater action. The policy of 
England had awakened the spirit of resistance 
of the American colonies, and the enlarged 
views which Jefferson had ever entertained 
soon led him into active political life. In 1769 
he was chosen a member of the Virginia house 
of burgesses. In 1772 he married Mrs. 
Martha Skelton, a very beautiful, wealthy and 
highly accomplished young widow. 

Upon Mr. Jefferson's large estate at Shad- 
well, there was a majestic swell of land, called 
Monticello, which commanded a prospect of 
wonderful extent and beauty. This spot Mr. 
Jefferson selected for his new home; and here 
he reared a mansion of modest yet elegant 
architecture, which, next to Mount Vernon, 
became the most distinguished resort in our 



In 1775 he was sent to the colonial con- 
gress, where, though a silent member, his 
abilities as a writer and a. reasoner soon be- 
came known, and he was placed upon a num- 
ber of important committees, and was chairman 
of the one appointed for the drawing up of a 
declaration of independence. This committee 
consisted of Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, 
Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman and Rob- 
ert R. Livingston. Jefferson, as chairman, 
was appointed to draw up the paper. Frank- 
lin and Adams suggested a few verbal changes 
before it was submitted to congress. On June 
28, a few slight changes were made in it by 
congress, and it was passed and signed July 4, 
1776. What must have been the feelings of 
that man — what the emotions that swelled his 
breast — who was charged with the preparation 
of that declaration, which, while it made 
known the wrongs of America, was also to 
publish her to the world, free, sovereign and 
independent ! 

In 1779 Mr. Jefforson was elected successor 
to Patrick Henry, as governor of Virginia. At 
one time the British officer, Tarleton, sent a 
secret expedition to Monticello, to capture the 
governor. Scarcely five minutes elapsed after 
the hurried escape of Mr. Jefferson and his 
family, ere his mansion was in possession of 
the British troops. His wife's health, never 
very good, was much injured by this excite- 
ment and in the summer of 17S2 she died. 

Mr. Jefferson was elected to congress in 
1783. Two years later he was appointed 
minister plenipotentiary to France. Return- 
ing to the United States in September, 1789, 
he became secretary of state in Washington's 
caijinet. This position he resigned January i, 
1794. In 1797, he was chosen vice president 
and four years later was elected president over 
Mr. Adams, with Aaron Burr as vice president. 
In 1804 he was re-elected with wonderful 
unanimity, and George Clinton, vice president. 

The early part of Mr. Jefferson's second 

I administration was disturbed by an event 

; which threatened the tranquility and peace of 

the Union; this was the conspiracy of Aaron 

Burr. Defeated in the latfe election to the 

vice presidency, and led on by an unprincipled 

: ambition, this extraordinary man formed the 

! plan of a military expedition into the Spanish 

territories on our southwestern frontier, for the 

purpose of forming there a new republic. 

In 1809, at the expiration of the second 
term for which Mr. Jefferson had been elected, 
he determined to retire from political life. 
For a period of nearly forty" years, he had 
been continually beTore the public, and all 
that time had been employed in offices of the 
greatest trust and responsibility. Having thus 
devoted the best part of his life to the serv- 
ice of his country, he now felt desirous of 
that rest which his declining years required, 
and upon the organization of the new adminis- 
tration, in March, 1809, he bade farewell for- 
ever to public life, and retired to Monticello. 
The 4th of July, 1826, being the fiftieth 
anniversary of the Declaration of Independence, 
great preparations were made in every part of 
the Union for its celebration, as the nation's 
jubilee, and the citizens of Washington, to 
add to the solemnity of the occasion invited 
Mr. Jefferson, as the framer, and one of the 
few surviving signers of the Declaration, to 
participate in their festivities. But an illness, 
which had been of several weeks' duration, and 
had been continually increasing, compelled 
him to decline the invitation. 

On the 2d of July, the disease under 
which he was laboring left him, but in such a 
reduced state that his medical attendants en- 
tertained no hope of his recovery. From this 
time he was perfectly sensible that his last 
hour was at hand. On the next day, which 
was Monday, he asked, of those around him, 
the day of the month, and on being told that 




it was the 3d of July, he expressed the earnest 
wish that he might be permitted to breathe 
the air of the fiftieth anniversary. His prayer 
was heard — that day, whose dawn was hailed 
with such rapture through our land, burst 
upon his eyes, and then they were closed for- 
ever. And what a noble consummation of a 
noble life! To die on that day, — the birth of 
a nation— the day which his own name and 
own act had rendered glorious; to die amidst 
the rejoicings and festivities of a whole nation, 
who looked up to him, as the author, under 
God, of their greatest blessings, was all that 
was wanting to fill up the record of his life. 
Almost at he same hour of his death, the kindred 
spirit of the venerable Adams, as if to bear him 
company, left the scene of his earthly honors. 
In person Mr. Jefferson was tall and thin, 
rather above si.x feet in height, but well formed; 
his eyes were light, his hair, originally red, in 
after life became white and silvery; his com- 
plexion was fair, his forehead broad, and his 
whole countenance intelligent and thoughtful. 
He possessed great fortitude of mind as well 
as personal courage; and his command of tem- 
per was such that his oldest and most intimate 
friends never recollected to have seen him in a 
passion. His manners, though dignified, were 
simple and unaffected, and his hospitality was 
so unbounded that all found at his house a 
ready welcome. In conversation he was fluent, 
eloquent and entusiastic; and his language was 
remarkably pure and correct. He was a 
finished classical scholar, and in his writings 
is discernable the care with which he formed 
his style upon the best models of antiquity. 

'^T^AMES MADISON, fourth president of 

J the United States, was born March 16, 

/» 1 1 75 I , and died at his home in Virginia, 

June 28, 1836. He was the last of the 

founders of the Constitution of the United 

States to be called to his eternal reward. 
The Madison family were among the early 
emigrants to the New W'orki. landing upon the 
shores of the Chesapeake but fifteen years 
after the settlement of Jamestown. The father 
of James Madison was an opulent planter, re- 
siding upon a very fine estate called " Mont- 
pclier, " Orange county, Va. The mansion 
was situated in the midst of .scenery highly 
picturesque and romantic, on the west side of 
Southwest Mountain, at the foot of Blue 
Ridge. It was but tv\enty-five miles from the 
home of Jefferson at Monticello. The closest 
personal and political attachment existed be- 
tween these illustrious men from their c;:iiy 
youth until death. 

The early education of Mr. Madison was 
conducted mostly at home under a private 
tutor. At the age of eighteen he was sent 
to Princeton college, in New Jersey. Here he 
applied himself to study with the most im- 
prudent zeal; allowing himself for months, but 
three hours' sleep out of the twenty-four. His 
health thus became so seriously impaired that 
he never recovered any vigor of constitution. 
He graduated in 1871, when a feeble boy, but 
with a character of utmost purity, and with a 
mind highly disciplined and richly stored with 

Returning to Virginia, he commenced the 
study of law and a course of extensive and 
systematic reading. This educational course, 
the spirit of the times in which he lived, all 
combined to inspire him with a strong love of 
hberty, and to train him for his life-work of a 

In the spring of 1776, when twenty-five 
years of age, he was elected a member of the 
Virginia convention, to frame the constitutipn 
of the state. The next year (1777) he was a 
candidate for the general assembly. He re- 
fused to treat the whisky-loving voters, and con- 
sequently lost his election; but those who had 


witnessed the talent, energ;y and public spirit 
of the modest young man, enlisted themselves 
in his behalf, and he was appointed to the 
executive council. 

Both Patrick Henry and Thomas Jefferson 
were governors of Virginia while Mr. Madison 
remained member of the council; and their 
appreciation of his intellectual, social and 
moral worth, contributed not a little to his 
subsequent eminence. In the year 1 780, he 
was elected a member of the continental con- 
gress. Here he met the most illustrious men 
in our land, and he was immediately assigned 
to one of the most conspicuous positions 
among them. For three years Mr. Madison 
continued in congress, one of its most active 
and influential members. In the year 1784, 
his term having expired, he was elected a 
member of the Virginia legislature. 

No man felt more deeply than Mr. Madison 
the utter inefficiency of the old confederacy, 
with no national government, with no power 
to form treaties which would be binding, or to 
enforce law. There was not any state more 
prominent than Virginia in the declaration, 
that an efficient national government must be 
formed. In January, 1786, Mr. Madison car- 
ried a resolution through the general assembly 
of Virginia, inviting the other states to appoint 
commissioners to meet in convention at Ann- 
apolis to discuss the subject. Five states only 
were represented. The convention, however, 
issued another call, drawn up by Mr. Madison, 
urging all the states to send their delegates to 
Philadelphia, in May, 1787, to draft a consti- 
tution for the United States, to take the place 
of that confederate league. The delegates met 
at the time appointed. Every state but Rhode 
Island was represented. George Washington 
was chosen president of the convention; and 
the present constitution of the United States 
was then and there formed. There was, per- 
haps, no mind and no pen more active in 

framing this immortal document than the mind 
and pen of James Madison. 

The constitution, adopted by a vote of 81 
to 79, was to be presented to the several states 
for acceptance. But grave solicitude was felt. 
Should it be rejected we should be left but a 
conglomeration of independent states, with 
but little power at home and little respect 
abroad. Mr. Madison was selected by the 
convention to draw up an address to the peo- 
ple of the United States, expounding the prin- 
ciples of the constitution, and urging its adop- 
tion. There was great opposition to it at first, 
but it at length triumphed over all, and went 
into effect in 1789. 

Mr. Madison was elected to the house of 
representatives in the first congress, and soon 
became the avowed leader of the republican 
party. While in New York attending con- 
gress, he met Mrs. Todd, a young widow of 
remarkable power of fascination, whom he 
married. She was in person and character 
queenly, and probably no lady has thus far 
occupied so prominent a position in the very 
peculiar society which has "constituted our re- 
publican court, as Mrs. Madison. 

Mr. Madison served as secretary of state 
under Jefferson, and at the close of 
his administration was chosen president. 
At this time the encroachments of Eng- 
land had brought us to the verge of war. 
British orders in council destroyed our com- 
merce, and our flag was exposed to constant 
insult. Mr. Madison was a man of peace. 
Scholarly in his taste, retiring in his disposi- 
tion, war had no charms for him. But the 
meekest spirit can be roused. It makes one's 
blood boil, even now, to think of an American 
ship brought to upon the ocean by the guns of 
an English cruiser. A young lieutenant steps 
on board and orders the crew to be paraded 
before him. With great nonchalance he selects 
any number whom he may please to designate 





as British subjects; orders them down the 
ship's side into his boat; and places them on 
the gun-deck of his man-of-war to fight, by 
compulsion, the battles of England. This 
right of search and impressment, no efforts of 
our government could induce the British cabi- 
net to relinquish. 

On the 1 8th of June, 1812, President Madi- 
son gave his approval to an act of congress de- 
claring war against Great Britain. Notwith- 
standing -the bitter hostility of the federal 
party to the war, the country in general ap- 
proved; and Mr. Madison, on the 4th of March, 
181 3, was re-elected by a large majority, and 
entered upon his second term of office. The 
contest commenced in earnest by the appear- 
ance of a British fleet early in February, 18 13, 
in Chesapeake bay, declaring nearly the whole 
coast of the United States under blockade. 
The emmperor of Russia offered his services 
as mediator. America accepted; England re- 
fused. A British force of five thousand men 
landed on the banks of the Patuxet river, near 
its entrance into Chesapeake bay, and marched 
rapidly, by way of Bladensburg, upon Wash- 

The straggling little city of Washington 
was thrown into consternation. The cannon 
of the brief conflict at Bladensburg echoed \ 
through the streets of the metropolis. The 1 
whole population fled from the city. The 
president, leaving Mrs. Madison in the White ; 
House, with her carriage drawn up at the door 
to await his speedy return, hurried to meet 1 
the officers in a council of war. He met our 
troops utterly routed, and he could not go ' 
back without danger of being captured. But 
few hours elapsed ere the presidential mansion, 
the capitol, and all the public buildings in 
Washington were in flames. 

The war closed after two years of fighting, 
and on February 13, 181 5, the treaty of peace 
was signed at Ghent. 

On the 4th of March, 1817, his second 
term of office expired, and he resigned the 
presidential chair to his friend, James Monroe. 
He retired to his beautiful home at Montpelier 
and there passed the remainder of his days. 
On June 28, 1836, then at the age of eighty- 
five years, he fell asleep in death. Mrs. Madi- 
son died July 12, 1849. 

>^AMES MONROE, the fifth president of 
M the United States, was born in West- 
/» 1 moreland county, Va. , April 28, 1758. 
He joined the colonial army when every- 
thing looked hopeless and gloomy. The num- 
ber of deserters increased from day to day. 
The invading armies came pouring in; and the 
tories not only favored the cause of the mother 
country, but disheartened the new recruits, 
who were sufficiently terrified at the prospect 
of contending with an enemy whom they had 
been taught to deem invincible. To such brave 
spirits as James Monroe, who went right on- 
ward undismayed through difficulty and danger, 
the United States owe their political eman- 
cipation. The young cadet joined the ranks 
and espoused the cause of his injured country, 
with a firm determination to live or die with 
her strife for liberty. Firmly, yet sadly, he 
shared in the melancholy retreat from Harlaem 
Heights and White Plains, and accompanied 
the dispirited army as it fled before its foes 
through New Jersey. In four months after 
the Declaration of Independence, the patriots 
had been beaten in .seven battles. At the bat- 
tle of Trenton he led the vanguard, and, in the 
act of charging upon the enemy he received a 
wound in the left shoulder. As a reward for 
his bravery, Mr. Monroe was promoted a cap- 
tain of infantry; and, having recovered from 
his wound, he rejoined the army. He, how- 
ever, receded from the line of promotion by 



becoming an officer on the staff of Lord Ster- 
ling. During the campaigns of 1777 and 1778, 
in the actions of Brandywine, Germantown 
and Monmouth, he continued aid-de-camp; 
but becoming desirous to regain his position in 
the army, he exerted himself to collect a regi- 
ment for the Virginia line. This scheme failed 
owing to the exhausted condition of the state. 
Upon this failure he entered the office of Mr. 
Jefferson, at that period governor, and pursued 
with considerable ardor the study of common 
law. He did not, however, entirely lay aside 
the knapsack for the green bag; but on the in- 
vasions of the enemy, served as a volunteer 
during the two years of his legal pursuits. 

In 1782, he was elected from King George 
county a member of the legislature of Virginia, 
and by that body he was elevated to a seat in 
the executive council. He was thus honored 
with the confidence of his fellow citizens at 
twenty-three years of age; and at this early 
period displayed some of that ability and apti- 
tude for legislation, which were afterward 
employed with unremitting energy for the pub- 
lic good, he was in the succeeding year chosen 
a member of the congress of the United States. - 

Deeply as Mr. Monroe felt the imperfec- 
tions of the old confederacy, he was opposed 
to the new constitution, thinking, with many 
others of the republican party, that it gave too 
much power to the central government, and 
not enough to the individual states. In 1789, 
he became a member of the United States sen- 
ate, which office he held for four years. Every 
month the line of distinction between the two 
great parties which divided the nation, the 
federal and the republican, was growing more 
distinct. The two prominent ideas which now 
separated them were, that the republican party 
was in sympathy with France, and also in 
favor of such a strict construction of the con- 
stitution as to give the central government as 
little power, and the state governments as 

much power, as the constitution would war- 
rant. The federalists sympathized with Eng- ^ 
land, and were in favor of a liberal construc- 
tion of the constitution, \\hich would give as 
much power to the central government as that 
document could possibly authorize. 

Washington was then president. England 
had ■ espoused the cause of the Bourbons 
against the principles of the French revolu- , 
tion. All Europe was drawn into the conflict. 1 
We were feeble and far away. Washington ; 
issued a proclamation of neutrality between 
these contending powers. France had helped 
us in the struggle for our liberties. All the 
despotisms of Europe were combined, to pre- 
vent the French from escaping from a tyranny 
a thousand-fold worse than that which we had 
endured. Col. Monroe, more magnanimous 
than prudent, was anxious that, at whatever 
hazard, we should help our old allies in their 
extremity. It was the impulse of a generous 
and noble nature. He violently opposed the 
president's proclamation as ungrateful and 
wanting in magnanimity. 

Washington, who could appreciate such a 
character, developed his calm, serene, almost 
divine greatness, by appointing that very 
James Monroe, who was denouncing the policy 
of the government, as the minister of that 
government to the republic of France. Mr. 
Monroe was welcomed by the national conven- 
tion in France with the most enthusiastic 

Shortly after his return to this country, Mr. 
Monroe was elected governor of Virginia, and 
held the office for three years. He was again 
sent to France to co-operate with Chancellor 
Livingston in obtaining the vast territory 
then known as the province of Louisiana, 
which France had but shortly before obtained 
from Spain. Their united efforts were suc- 
cessful. For the comparatively small sum of 
fifteen millions of dollars, the entire territory 




of Orleans and district of Louisiana were 
added to the United States. This was prob- 
ably the largest transfer of real estate which 
was ever made in all the history of the world. 

From France Mr. Monroe went to England 
to obtain from thac country some recognition 
of our rights as neutrals, and to remonstrate 
against those odious impressments of our sea- 
men. But England was unrelenting. He 
again returned to England on the same mis- 
sion, but could receive no redress. He re- 
turned to his home and was again chosen gov- 
ernor of Virginia. This he soon resigned to 
accept the position of secretary of state under 
Madison. While in this office war with Eng- 
land was declared, the secretary of war re- 
signed, and during those trying times the du- 
ties of the war department were also put upon 
him. He was truly the armor-bearer of Presi- 
dent Madison, and the most efficient business 
man in his cabinet. Upon the return of peace 
he resigned the department of war, but con- 
tinued in the office of secretary of state until 
the expiration of Mr. Madison's administra- 
tion. At the election held the previous au- 
tumn Mr. Monroe had been chosen president 
with but little opposition, and upon March 4, 
I 8 17, was inaugurated. Four years later he 
was elected for a secs>nd term. 

Among the important measures of his presi- 
dency were the cession of Florida to the United 
States; the Missouri compromise, and the 
"Monroe doctrine.". This famous "Monroe 
doctrine," was enunciated by him in 1823. At 
that time the United States had recognized 
the independence of the South American 
states, and did not wish to have European 
powers longer attempt to subdue portions of 
the American continent. The doctrine is as 
follows: "That we should consider any at- 
tempt on the part of European powers to ex- 
tend their system to any portion of this hemi- 
sphere as dangerous to our peace and safety," 

and "that we could not view any interposi- 
tion for the purpose of oppressing or controll- 
ing American governments or provinces in any 
other light than as a manifestation by Euro- 
pean powers of an unfriendly disposition to- 
ward the United State. ' This doctrine imme- 
diately affected the course of foreign govern- 
ments, and has become the approved senti- 
ment of the United States. 

At the end of his second term Mr. Monroe 
retired to his home in Virginia, where he lived 
until 1830, when he went to New York to live 
with his son-in-law. In that city he died on 
the 4th of July, 1831. 

>^OHN OUINCY ADAMS, the sixth 
M president of the United States, was 
« 1 born in Ounicy, Mass., on the iith of 
July, 1767. His mother, a woman of 
exalted worth, watched over his childhood 
during the almost constant absence of his 

When but eleven years old he took a tear- 
ful adieu of his mother, to sail with his father 
for Europe, through a fleet of hostile British 
cruisers. The bright, animated boy spent a 
year and a half in Paris, where his father was 
associated with Franklin and Lee as minister 
plenipotentiary. His intelligence attracted the 
notice of these distinguished men, and he re- 
ceived from them flattering matks of attention. 
Mr. John Adams had scarcely returned to 
•this country, in 1779, ere he was again sent 
abroad. Again John Quincy accompanied his 
father. At Paris he applied himself with great 
diligence, for six months, to study; then accom- 
panied his father to Holland, where he entered 
first a school in Amsterdam, then the univer- 
sity at Leyden. About a year from this time, 
in 1781, when the manly boy was but fourteen 
years of age, he was selected by Mr. Dana, 



our minister to the Russian court, as his pri- 
vate secretary. 

In this school of incessant labor and of 
ennobling culture he spent fourteen months, and 
then returned to Holland through Sweden, 
Denmark, Hamburg and Bremen. This long 
journey he took alone, in the winter, when in 
his sixteenth year. Again he resumed his 
studies, under a private tutor, at Hague. 
Thence, in the spring of 1782, he accompanied 
his father to Paris, traveling leisurely, and 
examining architectural remains, galleries of 
paintings and all renowned works of art. At 
Paris he again became associated with the 
most illustrious men of all lands in the con- 
templations of the loftiest temporal themes 
which can engross the human mind. After a 
short visit to England he returned to Paris, 
and consecrated all his energies to study until 
May, 1785, when he returned to America. 

After leaving Harvard college at the age 
of twenty, he studied law for three years. In 
June, 1794, being then but twenty-seven years 
of age, he was appointed, by Washington, res- 
ident minister at the Netherlands. Sailing 
from Boston in July, he reached London in 
October, where he was immediately admitted 
to the deliberations of Messrs. Jay and Pinck- 
ney, assisting them in negotiating a commer- 
cial treaty with Great Britain. After thus 
spending a fortnight in London, he proceeded 
to the Hague. 

In July, 1797, he left the Hague to go to 
Portugal as minister plenipotentiary. On his 
way to Portugal, upon arriving in London, he 
met with despatches directing him to the court 
of Berlin, but requesting him to remain in 
London until he should receive his instruc- 
tions. While waiting he was married to an 
American lady to whom he had been previ- 
ously engaged — Miss Louisa Cathe.ine John- 
son, daughter of Mr. Joshua Johnson, Ameri- 
can consul in London. 

He reached Berlin with his wife in Novem- 
ber, 1797; where he remained until July, 
1799, when having fulfilled all the purposes of 
his mission, he solicited his recall. Soon after 
his return, in I802, he was chosen to the sen- 
ate of Massachusetts from Boston, and then 
was elected senator of the United States for 
six years, from the 4th of March, 1 804. His 
reputation, his ability and his experience, 
placed him immediately among the most prom- 
inent and influential members of that body. 
Especially did he sustain the government in its 
measures of resistance to the encroachments 
of England, destroying our commerce and in- 
sulting our flag. 

In 1809, Madison succeeded Jefferson in 
the presidential chair, and he immediately 
nominated John Quincy Adams minister to St. 
Petersburg. Resigning his professorship in 
Harvard college, he embarked at Boston, in 
August, 1809. While in Russia, Mr. Adams 
was an intense student. He devoted his at- 
tention to the language and history of Russia; 
to the Chinese trade; to the European system 
of weights, measures, and coins; to the 
climate and astronomical observations; while 
he kept up a familiar acquaintance with the 
Greek and Latin classics. All through life the 
Bible constituted an important part of his 
studies. It was his rule to read five chapters 
every day. 

On the 4th of March, 181 7, Mr. Monroe 
took the presidential chair, and immediately 
appointed Mr. Adams secretary of state. 
Taking leave of his friends in public and pri- 
vate life in Europe, he sailed in June, 1819, 
for the United States. On the 1 8th of August, 
he again crossed the threshold of his home in 
Quincy. During the eight years of Mr. Mon- 
roe's administration, Mr. Adams continued 
secretary of state. 

Some time before the close of Mr. Mon- 
roe's second term of office, new candidates 


J ^ 











began to be presented for the presidency. 
The friends of Mr. Adams brought forward 
his name. It was an exciting campaign. 
Party spirit was never more bitter. Two 
hundred and sixty electoral votes were cast. 
Andrew Jackson received ninety-nine; John 
Quincy Adams, eighty-four; William H. Craw- 
ford, forty-one; Henry Clay, thirty-seven. 
As there was no choice by the people, the 
question went to the house of representatives. 
Mr. Clay gave the vote of Kentucky to Mj. 
Adams, and he was elected. 

Mr. Adams was, to a very remarkable de- 
gree, abstemious and temperate in his habits; 
always rising early, and taking much exercise. 
When at his home in Quincy, he has been 
known to walk, before breakfast, seven miles 
to Boston. In Washington, it was said that 
he was the first man up in the city, lighting 
his own fire and applying himself to work in 
his library often long before dawn. 

On the 4th of March, 1829, Mr. Adams 
retired from the presidency, and was succeeded 
by Andrew Jackson. John C. Calhoun was 
elected vice president. The slavery question 
now began to assume protentous magnitude. 
Mr. Adams returned to Quincy and to his 
studies, which he pursued with unabated zeal. 
But he was not long permitted 10 remain in 
retirement. In November, 1830, he was 
elected representative to congress. For sev- 
enteen years, until his death, he occupied the 
post as representative, ever ready to do brave 
battle for freedom, and winning the title of 
"the old man eloquent." Upon taking his 
seat in the house, he announced that he should 
hold himself bound to no party. He was 
usually the first in his place in the morning, 
and the last to leave his seat in the evening. 
Not a measure could be brought forward and 
escape his scrutiny. The battle which Mr. 
Adams fought, almost singly, against the 
proslavery party in the government, was sub- 

lime in its moral daring and heroism. For 
persisting in presenting petitions for the aboli- 
tion of slavery, he was threatened with indict- 
ment by the grand jury, with expulsion from 
the house, and also with assassination, but 
no threats could intimidate him, and his final 
triumph was complete. 

On the 2 1 St of February, 1848, he rose on 
the floor of congress, with a paper in his hand, 
to address the speaker. Suddenly he fell, 
again stricken by paralysis, and was caught in 
the arms of those around him. For a time 
he was senseless, as he was conveyed to the 
sofa in the rotunda. With reviving conscious- 
ness, he opened his eyes, looked calmly around 
and said, "This is the end of earth;" then 
after a moment's pause he added, "I am con- 
tent." These were the last words of the sixth 

HNDREW JACKSON, the seventh 
president of the United States, was 
born in Waxhaw settlement, N. C, 
March 15, 1767, a few days after his 
father's death. His parents were from Ireland, 
and took up their abode in Waxhaw settle- 
ment, where they lived in deepest poverty. 

Andrew, or Andy, as he was universally 
called, grew up a very rough, rude, turbulent 
boy. His features were coarse, his form un- 
gainly; and there was but very little in his 
character, made visible, which was attractive. 

When only thirteen years old he joined the 
volunteers of Carolina against the British in- 
vasion. In 1 78 1, he and his brother Robert 
were captured and imprisoned for a time at 
Camden. A British officer ordered him to 
brush his mud-spattered boots. "I am a 
prisoner of war, not your servant," was the 
reply of the dauntless boy. The brute drew 
his sword, and aimed a desperate blow at the 
head of the helpless young prisoner. Andrew 


raised his hand, and thus received two fearful j 
gashes — one on the hand and the other npon I 
the head. The officer then turned to his [ 
brother Robert with the same demand He 
also refused, and received a blow from the 
keen-edged saber, which quite disabled him, 
and which probably soon after caused his 
death. They suffered much other ill-treat- 
ment, and were finally stricken with the small- 
pox. Their mother was successful in obtain- 
ing their e.xchange, and took her sick boys 
home. After a long illness Andrew recovered, 
and the death of his mother soon left him en- 
tirely friendless. 

Andrew supported himself in various ways, 
such as working at the saddler's trade, teaching 
school and clerking in a general store, until 
17S4, when he entered a law office at Salis- 
bury, N. C. In 1788, he was appointed solicit- 
or for the western district of North Carolina, 
of which Tennessee was then a part. This in- 
volved many long and tedious journeys amid 
dangers of every kind, but Andrew Jackson 
never knew fear. 

In I 79 1, Jackson was married to a woman 
who supposed herself divorced from her former 
husband. Great was the surprise of both 
parties, two years later, to find that the con- 
ditions of the divorce had just been definitely 
settled by the first husband. The marriage 
ceremony was performed a second time, but 
the occurrence was often used by his enemies 
to bring Mr. Jackson into disfavor. During 
these years he worked hard at his profession, 
and frequently had one or more duels on hand, 
one of which, when he killed Dickinson, was 
especially disgraceful. 

In January, I 796, the territory of Tennes- 
see then containing nearly 80,000 inhabitants, 
the people met in convention at Kno.wille to 
frame a constitution. Five were sent from each 
of the eleven counties. Andrew Jackson was 
one of the delegates. The new state was en- 

titled to but one member in the national house 
of representatives. Andrew Jackson was chosen 
that member. Mounting his horse he rode to 
Philadelphia, where congress then held its 
sessions — a distance of about 800 miles. 

Jackson was an earnest advocate of the 
democratic party. Jefferson was his idol. He 
admired Bonaparte, loved France and hated 
England. As Jackson took his seat, Gen. 
Washington, whose second term of office was 
then e.xpiring, delivered his last speech to 
congress. A committee drew up a compli- 
mentary address in reply. Andrew Jackson 
did not approve of the address, and was one 
of the twelve who voted against it. He was 
not willing to -say that Gen. Washington's 
administration had been "wise, firm and 

Jackson was elected to the United States 
senate in 1797, but soon resigned. Soon after 
he was chosen judge of the supreme court of 
his state, which position he held for six years. 

When the war of 18 12 with Great Britain 
commenced, Madison occupied the presidential 
chair. Aaron Burr sent word to the president 
that there was an unknown man in the west, 
Andrew Jackson, who would do credit to a 
commission if one were conferred upon him. 
Just at that time Gen. Jackson offered his 
services and those of 2, 500 volunteers. His 
offer was accepted, and the troops were assem- 
bled at Nashville. As the British were hourly 
expected to make an attack upon New Orlean.=, 
where Gen. Wilkinson was in command, he 
was ordered to descend the river with 1,500 
troops to aid Wilkinson. The expedition 
reached Natchez; and after a delay of several 
weeks there, the men were ordered back to 
their homes. But the energy Gen. Jackson 
had displayed, and his entire devotion to the 
comfort of his soldiers, won him golden 
opinions; and he became the most popular man 
in the state. It was in this expedition that his 



toughness gave him the nickname of "Old 

Soon after this, while attempting to horse- 
whip Col. Thomas H. Benton, for a remark 
that gentleman made about his taking a part 
as second in a duel, in which a younger brother 
of Benton's was engaged, he received two 
severe pistol wounds. While he was lingering 
upon a bed of suffering news came that the 
Indians, who had combined under Tecumseh 
from Florida to the lakes, to exterminate the 
white settlers, were committing the most 
awful ravages. Decisive action became neces- 
sary. Gen. Jackson, with his fractured bone 
just beginning to heal, his arm in a sling, and 
unable to mount his horse without assistance, 
gave his amazing energies to the raising of an 
army to rendezvous at Fayettesville, Ala. 

The Creek Indians had established a strong 
fort on one of the bends of the Tallapoosa 
river, near the center of Alabama, about fifty 
miles below Fort Strother. With an army of 
2,000 men. Gen. Jackson traversed the path- 
less wilderness in a march of eleven days. He 
reached their fort, called Tohopeka or Horse- 
shoe, on the 27th of March, 18 14. The bend 
of the river enclosed 100 acres of tangled 
forest and wild ravine. Across the narrow 
neck the Indians had constructed a formidable 
breastwork of logs and brush. Here 900 war- 
riors, with an ample supply of arms were as- 
sembled. The fort was stormed. The fight 
was utterly desperate. Not an Indian woald 
accept of quarter. When bleeding and djing, 
they would fight those who endeavored to spare 
their lives. From ten in the morning until 
dark, the battle raged. The carnage was awful 
and revolting. Some threw themselves into 
the river; but the unerring bullet struck their 
heads as they swam. Nearly every one of the 
900 warriors was killed. This closing of the 
Creek war enabled us to concentrate all our 
militia upon the British, who \\ere the allies of 

the Indians. No man of less resolute will than 
Gen. Jackson could have conducted this Indian 
campaign to so successful an issue. Immedi- 
ately he was appointed major-general. 

Late in August, with an army of 2.000 
men, on a rushing march. Gen. Jackson went 
to Mobile. A B.itish fleet came from Pensa- 
cola, landed a force upon the beach, anchored 
near the little fort, and from both ship and 
shore commenced a furious assault. The battle 
was long and doubtful. At length one of the 
ships was blown up and the rest retired. 

Garrisomng Mobile, Jackson moved his 
troops to New Orleans, and the battle of New 
Orleans, which soon ensued, was in reality a 
very arduous campaign. Here his troop-^. 
which numbered about 4.000 men, won a 
signal victory over the British army of about 
9,000. His loss was but thirteen, while the loss 
of the British was 2,600. 

The name of Gen. Jackson soon began to 
be mentioned in connection with the jircsi- 
dency. but, in 1824, he was defeated by Mr. 
Adams. He was, however, succefsful in the 
election of 1828, and was re-elected for a 
second term in 1832. In 1829, he met with 
the most terrible affliction of his life in the 
death of his wife. At the expiration of his two 
terms of office he r.-tired to the Hcrmitngo, 
where he died June 8, 1S45. The last years 
of Jackson's life were that of a devoted chris- 
tian man. 

QARTIN \"AN BIRKN. the eighth 
president of the I'jiited .States, was 
born at Kinderhook. N. Y., Decem- 
' ber 5, 1782. He died at the same 
place, July 24, 1862, and his body rests in the 
cemetery at Kinderhook. Above it is a plain 
granite shaft fifteen feet high, bearing a sim- 
ple inscription about half way up on the face. 
The lot is unfenced, unbordcred or unbounded 



by shrub or flower. His ancestors, as his 
name indicates, were of Dutch origin, and 
were among the earliest emigrants from Hol- 
land to the banks of the Hudson. His father 
was a farmer, residing in the old town of 
Kinderhook. His mother, also of Dutch 
lineage, was a woman of superior intelligence 
and exemplary piety. At the age of fourteen, 
he had finished his academic studies in his na- 
tive village, and commenced the study of law. 
As he had not a collegiate education, seven 
years of study in a law office were required of 
him before he could be admitted to the bar. 
Inspired with a lofty ambition, and conscious 
of his powers, he pursued his studies with in- 
defatigable industry. After spending six years 
in an office in his native village, he went to 
the city of New York, and prosecuted his 
studies for the seventh year. 

In 1803, Van Buren, then twenty-one 
years of age, commenced the practice of law 
in his native village. The great conflict be- 
tween the federal and repnblican parties was 
then at its height. Van Buren was in cordial 
sympathy with Jefferson, and earnestly and 
eloquently espoused the cause of state rights; 
though at that time the federal party held the 
supremacy both in his town and state. His 
success and increasing reputation led him, after 
six years of practice, to remove to Hudson, 
the county seat of his county. Here he spent 
seven years, constantly gaining strength by 
contending in the courts with some of the 
ablest men who have adorned the bar of his 

Just before leaving Kinderhook for Hudson, 
Mr. Van Buren married a lady alike distinguished 
for beauty and accomplishments. After 
twelve short years she sank into the grave, 
the victim of consumption, leaving her hus- 
band and four sons to weep over her loss. In 
18 1 2, when thirty years of age, he was chosen 
to the state senate, and gave his strenuous 

support to Mr. Madison's administration. In 
181 5, he was appointed attorney-general, and 
the next year moved to Albany, the capital of 
the state. 

While he was acknowledged as one of the 
most prominent leaders of the democratic 
party, he had the moral courage to avow that 
true democracy did not require that "univer- 
sal suffrage" which admits the vile, the de- 
graded, the ignorant, to the right of governing 
the state. In true consistency with his demo- 
cratic principles, he contended that, while 
the path leading to the privilege of voting 
should be open to every man without distinc- 
tion, no one should be invested with that 
sacred prerogative, unless he were in some 
degree qualified for it by intelligence, virtue 
and some property interests in the welfare of 
the state. 

In 1 82 1 he was elected a member of the 
United States senate, and in the same year he 
took a seat in the convention to revise the 
constitution of his native state. His course in 
this convention secured the approval of men 
of all parties. In the senate of the United 
States, he rose at once to a conspicuous posi- 
tion as an active and useful legislator. In 
1827, John Quincy Adams being then in the 
presidential chair, Mr. Van Buren was re- 
elected to the senate. He had been, from the 
beginning, a determined opposer to the ad- 
ministration, adopting the state rights view in 
opposition to what was deemed the federal 
proclivities of Mr. Adams, 

Soon after this, in 1828, he was chosen 
governor of the state of New York, and ac- 
cordingly resigned his seat in the senate. 
Probably no one in the United States con- 
tributed so much towards ejecting John Q. 
Adams from the presidential chair, and placing 
in it Andrew Jackson, as did Martin Van 
Buren. Whether entitled to the reputation 
or not, he certainly was regarded throughout 




the United States as one of the most skillful 
sagacious and cunning politicians. It was sup- 
posed that no one knew so well as he how to 
touch the secret springs of action; how to pull 
all the wires to put his machinery in motion; 
and how to organize a political army which 
would, secretly and stealthily, accomplish the 
most gigantic results. By these powers it is 
said that he outwitted Mr. Adams, Mr. Clay, 
Mr. Webster, and secured results which few 
thought then could be accomplished. 

When Andrew Jackson was elected presi- 
dent he appointed Mr. Van Buren secretary 
of state. This position he resigned in 1831, 
and was immediately appointed minister to 
England, where he went the same autumn. 
The senate, however, when it met, refused to 
ratify the nomination, and he returned home, 
apparently untroubled; was nominated vice 
president in the place of Calhoun, at the re- 
election of Pres. Jackson; and with smiles 
for all and frowns for none, he took his place 
at the head of that senate which had refused 
to confirm his nomination as ambassador. 
His rejection by the senate aroused all the 
zeal of Pres. Jackson in behalf of his repudi- 
ated favorite; and this, probably more than 
any other cause, secured his elevation to the 
chair of the chief executive. On the 20th of 
May, 1836, Van Buren received the demo- 
cratic nomination to succeed Gen. Jackson as 
president of the United States. He was 
elected by a handsome majority, to the delight 
of the retiring president. 

His administration was filled with exciting 
events. The insurrection in Canada, which 
threatened to involve this country in war with 
England, the agitation of the slavery question, 
and finally the great commercial panic which 
spread over the country, all were trials to his 
wisdom. The financial distress was attributed 
to the management of the democratich party, 
and brought the president into such disfavor 

that he failed of re-election. With the ex- 
ception of being nominated for the presidency 
by the free soil democrats, in 1848, Mr. Van 
Buren lived quietly upon his estate until his 

He had ever been a prudent man, of frugal 
habits, and, living within his income, had now 
fortunately a competency for his declining 
years. It was on the 4th of March, 1841, 
that Mr. Van Buren retired from the presidency. 
From his fine estate at Lindenwald, he still 
exerted a powerful influence upon the politics 
of the country. From this time until his death, 
on the 24th of July, 1862, at the age of eighty 
years, he resided at Lindenwald, a gentleman 
of leisure, of culture and of wealth; enjoying 
in a healthy old age, probably far more happi- 
ness than he had before experienced amid the 
stormy scenes of his active life. 


ninth president of the United 
States, was born at Berkeley, Va. , 
Feb. 9, 1773- His father, Benja- 
min Harrison, was in comparatively opulent 
circumstances, and was one of the most dis- 
tinguished men of his day. He was an inti- 
mate friend of George Washington, was early 
elected a member of the continental congress, 
and was conspicuous among the patriots of 
Virginia in resisting the encroachments of the 
British crown. In the celebrated congress of 
1775, Benjamin Harrison and John Hancock 
were both candidates for the office of speaker. 
Mr. Harrison was subsetjuently chosen 
governor of Virginia, and was twice re-elected. 
Having received a thorough common- 
school education, William Henry Harrison 
entered Hampden Sidney college, where he 
graduated with honor soon after the death of 
his father. He then repaired to Philadelphia 



to study medicine under the instructions of 
Dr. Rush and the guardianship of Robert 
Morris, both of whom were, with his father, 
signers of the Declaration of Independence. 

Upon the outbreak of the Indian troubles, 
and notwithstanding the remonstrances of his 
friends, he abandoned his medical studies and 
entered the army, having obtained a commis- 
sion of ensign from President Washington. He 
was then but nineteen years old. From that 
time he passed gradually upward in rank until 
he became aid to Gen. Wayne, after whose 
death he resigned his commission. He was 
then appointed secretary or the Northwestern 
territory. This territory was then entitled to 
but one member in congress, and Capt. Harri- 
son wa,s chosen to fill that position. 

In the spring of 1800 the Northwestern 
territory was divided by congress into two 
portions. The eastern portion, comprising 
the region now embraced in the state ot Ohio, 
was called "The Territory northwest of the 
Ohio." The western portion, which included 
what is now called Indiana, Illinois and Wis- 
consin, was called the "Indiana territory." 
William Henry Harrison, then twenty-seven 
years of age, was appointed by John Adams, 
governor of the Indiana territory, and imme- 
diately after, also governor of upper Louisi- 
ana. He was thus ruler over almost as 
extensive a realm as any sovereign upon the 
globe. He was superintendent of Indian af- 
fairs, and was invested with powers nearly 
dictatorial over the now rapidly increasing 
white population. The ability and fidelity 
with which he discharged these responsible 
duties may be inferred from the fact that he 
was four times appointed to this office — first 
by John Adpms, twice by Thomas Jefferson 
and afterward by President Madison. 

When he began his administration there 
were but three white settlements in that al- 
most boundless region, now crowded with 

cities and resounding with all the tumult of 
wealth and traffic. One of these settlements 
was on the Ohio, nearly opposite Louisville; 
one at Vincennes, on the Wabash, and the 
third a French settlement. 

The vast wilderness over which Gov. 
Harrison reigned was filled with many tribes 
of Indians. About the year 1806, two extra- 
ordinary men, twin brothers, of the Shawnese 
tribe, rose among them. One of these was 
called Tecumseh, or "The Crouching Pan- 
ther;" the other, Olliwacheca, or "The 
Prophet." Tecumseh was not only an Indian 
warrior, but a man of great sagacity, far- 
reaching foresight and indomitable persever- 
ance in any enterprise in which he might 
engage. He was inspired with the highest 
enthusiasm, and had long regarded with dread 
and with hatred the encroachment of the 
whites upon the hunting grounds of his fath- 
ers. His brother, the Prophet, was an orator, 
who could sway the feelings of the untutored 
Indian as the gale tossed the tree-tops be- 
neath which they dwelt. 

Gov. Harrison made many attempts to 
conciliate the Indians, but at last the war 
came, and at Tippecanoe the Indians were 
routed with great slaughter. October 28, 
1 8 12, his army began its march. When near 
the Prophet's town three Indians of rank made 
their appearance and inquired why Gov. Har- 
rison was approaching them in so hostile an 
attitude. After a short conference, arrange- 
ments were made for a meeting the next day, 
to agree upon terms of peace. But Gov. Har- 
rison was too well acquainted with the Indian 
character to be deceived by such protestations. 
Selecting a favorable spot for his night's en- 
campment, he took every precaution against 
surprise. His troops were posted in a hollow 
square. End slept upon their arms. The 
troops threw themselves upon the ground for 
rest; but every man had his accourtrements 




on, his loaded musket by his side, and his 
bayonet fixed. The wakeful governor, be- 
tween three and four o'clock in the morning, 
had risen, and was sitting in conversation with 
his aids by the embers of a waning fire. It 
was a chill, cloudy morning with a drizzling 
rain. In the darkness, the Indians had crept 
as near as possible, and just then, with a sav- 
age yell, rushed, with all the desperation 
which superstition and passion most highly 
inflamed could give, upon the left flank of the 
little army. The savages had been amply 
provided with guns and ammunition by the 
English. Their war-whoop was accompanied 
by a shower of bullets. The camp-fires were 
instantly extinguished, as the light aided the 
Indians in their aim. With hideous yells, the 
Indian bands rushed on, not doubting a speedy 
and entire victory. But Gen. Harrison's 
troops stood as immovable as the rocks around 
them until day dawned; they then made a 
simultaneous charge with the bayonet, and 
swept everything before them, and completely 
routed the foe. Gov. Harrison now had all 
his energies tasked to the utmost. The Brit- 
ish, descending from the Canadas, were of 
themselves a very formidable force; but with 
their savage allies, rushing like wolves from 
the forest, searching out every remote farm 
house, burning, plundering, scalping, torturing, 
the wide frontier was plunged into a state of 
consternation which even the most vivid imagi- 
nation can but faintly conceive. Gen Hull 
had made the ignominious surrender of his 
forces at Detroit. Under these despairing 
circumstances, Gov. Harrison was appointed 
by President Madison commander-in-chief of 
the Northwestern army, with orders to retake 
Detroit, and to protect the frontiers. 

Harrison won the love of his soldiers by 
always sharing with them their fatigue. His 
whole baggage, while pursuing the foe up the 
Thames, was carried in a valise; and his bed- 

ding consisted of a single blanket lashed over 
his saedle. Thirty-tive British officers, his 
prisoners of war, supped with him after the bat- 
tle. The only fare he could give them was beef 
roasted before the fire, without bread or salt. 

In 1816, Gen. Harrison was chosen a 
member of the national house of representa- 
tives, to represent the district of Ohio. In 
congress he proved an active member; and 
whenever he spoke, it was with force of reason 
and power of eloquence, which arrested the 
attention of all the members. 

In 18 19, Harrison was elected to the sen- 
ate of Ohio; and in 1S24, as one of the presi- 
dential electors of that state, he gave his vote 
for Henry Clay. The same year he was 
chosen to the United States senate. 

In 1836, the friends of Gen. Harrison 
brought him forward as a candidate for the 
presidency against Van Buren, but he was de- 
feated. At the close of Mr. Van Buren's 
term, he was re-nominated by his party, and 
Harrison was unanimously nominated by the 
whigs, with John Tyler for the vice presidency. 
The contest was very animated. Gen. Jackson 
gave all his influence to prevent Harrison's 
election; but his triumph was signal. 

The cabinet which he formed, with Daniel 
Webster at its head as secretary of state, was 
one of the most brilliant with which any presi- 
dent had ever been surrounded. In the midst 
of these bright and joyous prospects, Gen. 
Harrison was seized by a pleurisy-fever, and 
after a few days of violent sickness, died on 
the 4th of April; just one month after his in- 
auguration as president of the United States. 

>T^OHN TYLER, the tenth president of 

m the United States, was born in Charles 

A 1 City county, Va. , March 29, 1790. 

At the early age of twelve, John entered 

William and Mary college and graduated with 



much honor when but seventeen years old. 
He devoted himself with great assiduity to the 
study of law, partly with his father and partly 
with Edmund Randolph, one of the most dis- 
tiguished lawyers of Virginia. 

At nineteen years of age, he commenced 
the practice of law. His success was rapid 
and astonishing. It is said that three months 
had not elapsed ere there was scarcely a case 
on the docket of the court in which he was not 
retained. When but twenty-one years of age, 
he was almost unanimously elected to a seat in 
the state legislature. He connected himself 
with the democratic party, and warmly ad- 
vocated the measures of Jefferson and Madison. 
For five successive years he was elected to the 
legislature, receiving nearly the unanimous 
vote of his county. 

When but twenty-six years of age, he was 
elected a member of congress. Here he acted 
earnestly and ably with the democratic party, 
opposing a national bank, internal improve- 
ments by the general government, a protective 
tariff, and advocating a strict construction of 
the constitution, and the most careful vigilance 
over state rights. His labors in congress were 
so arduous that before the close of his second 
term he found it necessary to resign and retire 
to his estate in Charles City county, to recruit 
his health. He, however, soon after consented 
to take his seat in the state legislature, where 
his influence was powerful in promoting public 
works of great utility. He was then chosen, 
by a very large majority of votes, governor of 
his native state. His administration was sig- 
nally a successful one, and his popularity 
secured his re-election. 

John Randolph, a brilliant, erratic, half- 
crazed man, then represented Virginia in the 
senate of the United States. A portion of the 
democratic party was displeased with Mr. 
Randolph's wayward course, and brought 
forward John Tyler as his opponent, and 

Tyler was the victor. In accordance with his 
professions, upon taking his seat in the sen- 
ate, he joined the ranks of the opposition. He 
opposed the tariff; he spoke against and voted 
against the bank as unconstitutional; he stren- 
uously opposed all restrictions upon slavery, re- 
resisting all projects of internal improvements 
by the general government, and avowed his 
sympathy with Mr. Calhoun's view of nullifica- 
tion; he declared that Gen. Jackson, by his op- 
position to the nullifiers, had abandoned the 
principles of the democratic party. Such was 
Mr. Tyler's record in congress — a record in 
perfect accordance with the principles which 
he had always avowed. 

Returning to Virginia, he resumed the 
practice of his profession. There was a split 
in the democratic party. His friends still re- 
garded him as a true Jeffersonian, gave him a 
dinner, and showered compliments upon him. 
He had now attained the age of forty-six. 
Soon after this he removed to Williamsburg, 
for the better education of his children; and 
he again took his seat in the legislature of Vir- 

By the southern whigs, he was sent to the 
national convention at Harrisburg to nominate 
a president in 1839. The majority of votes 
were given to Gen. Harrison, a genuine whig, 
much to the disappointment of the south, who 
wished for Henry Clay. To conciliate the 
southern whigs and to secure their vote, the 
convention then nominated John Tyler for 
vice president. Thus it happened that a whig 
president, and, in reality, a democratic vice 
president were chosen. 

In 1 84 1, Mr. Tyler was inaugurated vice 
president of the United States. In one short 
month from that time Pres. Harrison, died and 
Mr. Tyler thus found himself, to his own sur- 
prise and that of the whole nation, an occu- 
pant of the presidential chair. This was a new 
test of the stability of our institutions, as it 


was the first time in the history of our country 
that such an event had occurred Mr. Tyler 
was at home in WilHamsburg when he received 
the unexpected tidings of the death of Pres. 
Harrison. He hastened to Washington, and 
on the 6th of April was inaugurated to the high 
and responsible office. Gen. Harrison had 
selected a whig cabinet Should he retain 
them, and thus surround himself with counsel- 
ors whose views were antagonistic to his own .' 
or, on the other hand, should he turn against 
the party which had elected him and select a 
cabinet in harmony with himself, and which 
would oppose all those views which the whigs 
deemed essential to the public welfare.' This 
was his fearful dilemma, and so he invited the 
cabinet which Pres. Harrison had selected to 
retain their seats. 

The whigs carried through congress a bill 
for the incorporation of a fiscal bank of the 
United States. The president, after ten day's 
delay, returned it with his veto. He suggested, 
however, that he would approve of a bill 
drawn up upon such a plan as he proposed. 
Such a bill was accordingly prepared, and 
privately submitted to him He gave it his 
approval. It was passed without alteration, 
and he sent it back with his veto. Here com- 
menced the open rupture. It is said that Mr. 
Tyler was provoked to this measure by a pub- 
lished letter from the Hon. John M. Botts, a 
distinguished \'irginia whig, who severely 
touched the pride of the president. 

The opposition now exultingly received the 
president into their arms. The party which 
elected him denounced him bitterly. All the 
members of his cabinet, excepting Mr. Web- 
ster, resigned. The whigs of congress, both the 
senate and the house, held a meeting and issued 
an address to the people of the United States, 
proclaiming that all political alliances between 
the whigs and Pres. Tyler were at an end. 

Still the president attempted to conciliate. 

He appointed a new cabinet of distinguished 
whigs and conservatives, carefully leaving out 
all strong party men. Mr. Webster soon 
found it necessary to resign, forced out by the 
pressure of his whig friends. Thus the four 
years of Mr. Tyler's unfortunate administra- 
tion passed sadly away. More and more, 
however, he brought himself into sympathy 
with his old friends, the democrats, until at 
the close of his term, he gave his whole influ- 
ence to the support of Mr. Polk, the demo- 
cratic candidate for his successor. 

On the 4th of March, 1845, he retired from 
office, to the regret of neither party, and 
probably to his own unspeakable relief. His 
first wife. Miss Letitia Christian, died in 
Washington, in 1842; and in June, 1844, 
Pres. Tyler was again married, at New York, to 
Miss Julia Gardiner, a young lady of many 
personal and intellectual accomjilishments. 

The remainder of his days Mr. Tyler passed 
mainly in retirement at his beautiful home — 
Sherwood Forest, Charles City county, Va. 
A polished gentleman in his manners, richly 
furnished with information from books and 
experience in the world, and possessing bril- 
liant powers of conversation, his family circle 
was the scene of unusual attractions. With 
sufficient means for the exercise of a generous 
hospitality, he might have enjoyed a serene 
old age with the few friends who gathered 
around him, were it not for the storms of civil 
war which his own principles and policy had 
helped to introduce. 

When the great rebellion rose, which the 
state rights and nullifying doctrines of John C. 
Calhoun had inaugurated, Pres. Tyler re- 
nounced his allegiance to the United States, 
and joined the confederates. He was chosen 
a member of their congress; and while engaged 
in active measures to destrr)y, by force of arms, 
the government over which he had once pre- 
sided, he was taken sick and soon died. 



>Y'AMES KNOX POLK, the eleventh 
M president of the United States, was 
A J born in Mecklenburg county, N. C, 
November 2, 1795. His parents were 
Samuel and Jane (Knox) Polk, the former a 
son of Col. Thomas Polk, who located at the 
above place, as one of the first pioneers, in 

In the year 1806, with his wife and chil- 
dren, and soon after followed by most of the 
members of the Polk family, Samuel Polk emi- 
grated some two or three hundred miles farther 
west, to the rich valley of the Duck river, Tenn. 
Here, in the midst of the wilderness, in a 
region which was subsequently called Maury 
county, they reared their log huts, and estab- 
lished their homes. In the hard toil of a new 
farm in the wilderness, James K. Polk spent 
the early years of his childhood and youth. 
His father, adding the pursuit of a surveyor to 
that of a farmer, gradually increased in wealth 
until he became one of the leading men of the 

Very early in life, James developed a taste 
for reading and expressed the strongest desire 
to obtain a liberal education. His mother's 
traininghad made him methodical in his habits, 
had taught him punctaality and industry, and 
had inspired him with lofty principles of 
morality. His health was frail; and his father, 
fearing that he might not be able to endure a 
sedentary life, got a situation for hirn behind 
the counter, hoping to fit him for commercial 
pursuits. He remained in this uncongenial 
occupation but a few weeks, when at his 
earnest solicitation his father removed him, 
and made arrangements for him to prosecute 
his studies. Soon after he sent him to Mur- 
freesboro academy. In the autumn of 18 15 he 
entered the sophomore class in the university 
of North Carolina, at Chapel Hill. He grad- 
uated in 1S18, with the highest honors, being 
deemed the best scholar of his class, both 

in mathematics and classics. He was then 
twenty-three years of age. Mr. Polk's health 
was at this time much impaired by the assi- 
duity with which he had prosecuted his studies. 
After a short season of relaxation he went to 
Nashville, Tenn., and entered the office of 
Felix Grundy, to study law. Here Mr. Polk 
renewed his acquaintance with Andrew Jack- 
son, who resided on his plantation, the Her- 
mitage, bnt a few miles from Nashville. 

James K. Polk was a popular public speaker, 
and was constantly called upon to address the 
meetings of his party friends. His skill as a 
speaker was such that he was popularly called 
the Napoleon of the stump. He was a man 
of unblemished morals, genial and courteous 
in his bearing, and with that sympathetic na- 
ture in the joys and griefs of others which ever 
gave him troops of friends. In 1823, Mr. 
Polk was elected to the legislature of Tennes- 
see. Here he gave his strong influence towards 
the election of his friend, Mr. Jackson, to the 
presidency of the United States. 

In January, 1824, Mr. Polk married Miss 
Sarah Childress, of Rutherford county, Tenn. 
His bride was altogether worthy of him — a 
lady of beauty and culture. In the fall of 1825, 
Mr. Polk was chosen a member of congress. 
The satisfaction which he gave to his constit- 
uents may be inferred from the fact, that for 
fourteen successive years, until 1839, he was 
continued in that office. He then volunta'"ily 
withdrew, only that he might accept the 
gubernatorial chair of Tennessee. In congress 
he was a laborious member, a frequent and 
popular speaker. He was always in his seat, 
always courteous; and whenever he spoke it 
was always to the point, and without any am- 
bitious rethorical display. 

During five sessions of congress, Mr. Polk 
was speaker of the house. Strong passions 
were roused, and stormy scenes were witness- 
ed; but Mr. Polk performed his arduous duties 

James k. polk. 


to a very general satisfaction, and a unani- 
mous vote of thanks to him was passed by the 
house as he withdrew on the 4th of March, 

On the 14th of October, 1839, took the 
oath of office as governor of Tennessee at 
Nashville. In 1841, his term of office ex- 
pired, and he was again the candidate of the 
democratic party, but was defeated. On the 
4th of March, 1845, Mr. Polk was inaugurated 
president of the United States. The verdict 
of the country in favor of the annexation of 
Texas exerted its influence upon congress; and 
the last act of the administration of President 
Tyler was to affix his signature to a joint res- 
olution of congress, passed on the 3d of March, 
approving of the annexation of Texas to the 
American Union. As Mexico still claimed 
Texas as one of her provinces, the Mexican 
minister, Almonte, immediately demanded his 
passports and left the country, declaring the 
act of the annexation to be an act hostile to 

In his message. President Polk urged that 
Texas should immediately, by act of congress, 
be received into the Union on the same foot- 
ing with the other states. In the meantime, 
Gen. Taylor was sent with an army into Texas 
to hold the country. He was sent first to 
Nueces, which the Mexicans said was the 
western boundary of Texas. Then he was 
sent nearly two hundred miles further west, to 
the Rio G. ande, where he erected batteries 
which commanded the Mexican city of Matamo- 
ras, which was situated on the western banks. 
The anticipated collision soon took place, and 
war was declared against Mexico by President 
Polk. The war was pushed forward by Mr. 
Polk's administration with great vigor. Gen. 
Taylor, whose army was first called one of 
"observation," then of " occupation," then of 
" invasion," was sent sent forward to Monte- 
rey. The feeble Mexicans, in every encounter. 

were hopelessly and awfully slaughtered. It 
was by the ingenuity of Mr. Polk's administra- 
tion that the war was brought on. 

" To the victors belong the spoils." Mex- 
ico was prostrate before us. Her capital was 
in our hands. We now consented to peace 
upon the condition that Mexico should sur- 
render to us, in addition to Texas, all of New 
Mexico, and all of Upper and Lower Califor- 
nia. This new demand embraced, exclusive 
of Texas, 800.000 square miles. This was an 
extent of territory e(]ual to nine states of the 
size of New York. Thus slavery was securing 
eighteen majestic states to be added to the 
Union. In the prosecution of this war, we 
expended 20,000 lives and more tluin $100,- 
000,000. Of this more than .$1 5,000,000 were 
paid to Mexico. 

On the 3d of March, 1849, Mr. Polk re- 
I tired from office, having served one term. 
The next day was Sunday. On the 5th, Gen. 
Taylor was inaugurated as his successor. Mr. 
Polk rode to the capitol in the same carriage 
with Gen. Taylor; and the same evening, with 
Mrs. Polk, he commenced his return to Ten- 
nessee. He was then but fifty-four years of 
age. He had ever been strictly temperate in 
all his habits, and his health was good. With 
an ample fortune, a choice library, a cultivated 
mind, and domestic ties of the dearest na- 
ture, it seemed as though long years of tran- 
quility and happiness were before him. But 
the cholera — the fearful scourge — was then 
sweeping up the valley of the Mississippi. 
This he contracted, and died on the i 5th of 
June, 1849, in the fifty-fourth year of his age. 


ACH,\RY TAYLOR, twelfth presi- 
dent of the United States, was born 
on the 24th of November, 1784, in 
Orange county, Va. His father, 
1 Colonel Taylor, was a Virginian of note, and 



a distinguished patriot and soldier of the Revo- 
lution. When Zachary was an infant, his 
father, with his wife and two children, emi- 
grated to Kentucky, where he settled, a few 
miles from Louisville. In this frontier home, 
young Zacnary could enjoy but few social and 
educational advantages. When six years of 
age he attended a common school, and was 
then regarded as a bright, active boy, rather 
remarkable for bluntness and decision of char- 
acter. He was strong, fearless and self-reli- 
ant, and manifested a strong desire to enter 
the army to tight the Indians who were rav- 
aging the frontiers. 

In 1808, his father succeeded in obtaining 
for him the commissiou of lieutenant in the 
United States army; and he joined the troops 
which were stationed at New Orleans under 
Gen. Wilkinson. Soon after this he married 
Miss Margaret Smith, a young lady from one 
of the first families of Maryland. 

Immediately after the declaration of war 
with England, in 18 12, Capt. Taylor (for he 
had then been promoted to that rank) was put 
in command of Fort Harrison, on the Wa- 
bash, about fifty miles above Vincennes. 
This fort had been built in the wilderness by 
Gen. Harrison, on his march to Tippecanoe. 
It was one of the first points of attack by the 
Indians, led by Tecumseh. Its garrison con- 
sisted of a broken company of infantry num- 
bering fifty men, many of whom were sick. 
Early in the autumn of 18 12, the Indians, 
stealthily, and in large numbers, moved upon 
the fort. Their approach was first indicated 
by the murder of two soldiers just outside of 
the stockade. Capt. Taylor made every possi- 
ble preparation to meet the anticipated as- 
sault. On the 4th of September, a band of 
forty painted and plumed savages came to the 
fort, waving a white flag, and informed Capt. 
Taylor that in the morning their chief would 
come to have a talk with him. It was evident 

that their object was merely to ascertain the 
state of things at the fort, and Capt. Taylor, 
well versed in the wiles of the savages, kept 
them at a distance. The sun went down; the 
savages disappeared, the garrison slept upon 
their arms. One hour before midnight the 
war-whoop burst from a thousand lips in the 
forest around, followed by the discharge of 
musketry, and the rush of the foe. Every 
man, sick and well, sprang to his post. Every 
man knew that defeat was not merely death, 
but in the case of capture, death by the most 
agonizing and prolonged torture. The savages 
succeeded in setting fire to one of the block- 
houses. Until six o'clock in the morning, this 
awful conflict continued. The savages then, 
baffled at every point, and gnashing their teeth 
with rage, retired. Capt. Taylor, for this gal- 
lant defense, was promoted to the rank of 
major by brevet. 

Until the close of the war. Major Taylor 
was placed in such situations that he saw but 
little more of active service. He was sent far 
away into the depths of the wilderness, to 
Fort Crawford, on Fox river, which empties 
into Green bay. Gradually he rose to the 
rank of colonel. In the Black-Hawk war, 
which resulted in the capture of that renowned 
chieftain, Col. Taylor took a subordinate but 
a brave and efficient part. For twenty-four 
years Col. Taylor was engaged in the defense 
of the frontiers, in scenes so remote, and in 
employments so obscure, that his name was 
unknown beyond the limits of his own imme- 
diate acquaintance. In the year 1836, he was 
sent to Florida to compel the Seminole Indians 
to vacate that region and retire beyond the 
Mississippi, as their chiefs, by treaty, had 
promised they should do. The services ren- 
dered here secured Col. Taylor the high ap- 
preciation of the government; and as a reward, 
he was elevated to the rank of brigadier-gen- 
eral by brevet; and soon after, in May, 1838, 



was appointed to the cliief command of the 
United States troops in h'lorida. After two 
years of such wearisome employment, Gen. 
Ta}lor obtained, at his own request, a change 
of command, and was stationed over the de- 
partment of the southwest. This field em- 
braced Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and 
^.eorgia. FZstablishing his headquarters at 
Fort Jesup, in Louisiana, he removed his 
family to a plantation which he purchased 
near Baton Rouge. Here he remained for 
five years, buried, as it were, from the world, 
but faithfully discharging every duty imposed 
upon him. 

In 1846, Gen. Taylor was sent to guard 
the land between the Nueces and Rio Grande, 
the latter river being the boundary of Te.xas, 
which was then claimed by the United States. 
Soon the war with Me.xico was brought on, 
and at Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma, 
Gen. Taylor won brilliant victories over the 
Mexicans. The rank of major-general by 
brevet was then conferred upon Gen. Taylor, 
and his name was received with enthusiasm 
almost everywhere in the nation, Then came 
the battles of Monterey and Buena Vista, in 
which he won signal victories over forces much 
larger than he commanded. His careless 
habits of dress and his unaffected simplicity, 
secured for Gen. Taylor among his troops, the 
sobriquet of "Old Rough and Ready." 

The tidings of the brilliant victory of 
Buena Vista spread the wildest enthusiasm 
over the country. The whig party decided to 
take advantage of this wonderful popularity 
in bringing forward the unpolished, uncul- 
tered, honest soldier as their candidate for the 
presidency. Gen. Taylor was ::stonished at 
the announcement, and for a time would not 
listen to it; declaring that he was not at all 
qualified for such an office. So little interest 
had he taken in politics that, for forty years, 
he had not cast a vote. 

Gen. Taylor was not an eloquent speaker 
nor a fine writer. His friends took possession 
of him, and prepared such few communica- 
tions as it was needful should be presented to 
the public. The popularity of the successful 
warrior swept the land. He was triumph- 
antly elected over two opposing candidates — 
Gen. Cass and I£x-Pres. Martin \'an Buren. 
Though he selected an excellent cabinet, the 
good old man found himself in a very uncon- 
genial position, and was, at times, sorely per- 
plexed and harassed. His mental sufferings 
were very severe, and probably tended to has- 
ten his death. The pro-slavery party was 
pushing its claims with tireless energy, expLcli- 
tions were fitting out to capture Cuba; Cali- 
fornia was pleading for admission to the 
Union, while slavery stood at the door to bar 
her out. Gen. Taylor found the political con- 
flicts m Washington to be far more trying to 
the nerves than battles with Mexicans or 

In the midst of all these troubles. Gen. 
Taylor, after he had occupied the presidential 
chair but little over a year, took cold, and 
after a brief sickness, of but little over five 
days, died on the 9th of July, 1850. His last 
words were: " I am not afraid to die. I am 
ready. I have endeavored to do my duty." 
He died universally respectsd and beloved. 

Gen, Scott, who was thoroughly acquainted 
with Gen, Taylor, gave the following graphic 
and truthful description of his character: 
"With a good store of common sense. Gen. 
Taylor's mind had not been enlarged and re- 
freshed by reading, or much converse with the 
world. Rigidity of ideas was the consequence. 
The frontiers and small military posts had 
been his home. Hence he was quite ignorant 
for his rank, and quite bigoted in his igno- 
rance. His simplicity was child-like, and 
with innumerable prejudices, amusing and in- 
corrigible, well suited to the tender age. 


Thus, if a man, however respectable, chanced 
to wear a coat of an unusual color, or his hat 
a little on one side of his head; or an officer 
to leave a corner of his handkerchief dangling 
from an outside pocket — in any such case, this 
critic held the offender to be a coxcomb (per- 
haps something worse), whom he would not, 
to use his oft repeated phrase, 'touch with a 
pair of tongs.' " 


ILLARD FILLMORE, thirteenth 
president of the United States, was 
born at Summer Hill, Cayuga 
county, N. Y. , on the 7th of Janu- 
ary, 1800. His father was a farmer, and, 
owing to misfortune, in humble circumstances. 
Of his mother, the daughter of Dr. Abiathar 
Millard, of Pittsfield, Mass., it has been said 
that she possessed an intellect of very high 
order, united with much personal loveliness, 
sweetness of disposition, graceful manners and 
exquisite sensibilities. She died in 1831; 
having lived to see her son a young man of 
distinguished promise, though she was not per- 
mitted to witness the high dignity which he 
finally attained. 

In consequence of the secluded home and 
limited means of his father, Millard enjoyed 
but slender advantages for education in his 
early years. The sacred influences of home 
had taught him to revere the Bible, and had 
laid the foundations of an upright character. 
When fourteen years of age his father sent 
him some hundred miles from home, to the 
then wilds of Livingston county, to learn the 
trade of a clothier. Near the mill there was 
a small village, where some enterprising man 
had commenced the collection of a village 
library. This proved an inestimable blessing 
to young Fillmore. His evenings were spent 
in reading. Soon every leisure moment was 

occupied with books. His thirst for knowledge 
became insatiate, and the selections which he 
made were continually more < levating and 
instructive. He read history, biography, 
oratory, and thus gradually there was en- 
kindled in his heart a desire to be something 
more than a mere worker with his hands; and 
he was becoming, .almost unknown to himself, 
a well informed, educated man. 

The young clothier had now attained the 
age of nineteen years, and was of fine per- 
sonal appearance and of gentlemanly demeanor. 
It so happened that there was a gentleman in 
the neighborhood of ample pecuniary means 
and of benevolence — Judge Walter Wood — 
who was struck with the prepossessing appear- 
ance of young Fillmore. He made his 
acquaintance, and was so much impressed 
with his ability and attainments that he ad- 
vised him to abandon his trade and devote 
himself to the study of law. The young man 
replied, that he had no means of his own, no 
friends to help him, and that his previous edu- 
cation had been very imperfect. But Judge 
Wood had so much confidence in him that he 
kindly offered to take him into his own office, 
and to loan him such money as he needed. 
Most gratefully the generous offer was ac- 

In 1823, when twenty-three years-of age, 
he was admitted to the court of common pleas- 
He then want to the villa:^e of Aurora, and 
commenced the practice of law. In this 
secluded, peaceful region, his practice of 
course was limited, and there was no oppor- 
tunity for a sudden rise in fortune or in fame. 
Here, in the year 1826, he married a lady of 
great moral worth, and one capable of adorn- 
ing any station she might be called to fill — 
Miss Abigail Powers. 

His elevation of character, his untiring in- 
dustry, his legal acquirements, and his skill as 
an advocate, gradually attracted attention; 




and he was invited to enter into partnership 
under highly advantageous circumstances, 
with an elder member of the bar in Buffalo. 
Just before removing to Buffalo, in 1829, he 
took his seat in the house of assembly, of the 
state of New York, as a representative from 
Erie county. Though he had never taken a 
very active part in politics, his vote and his 
sympathies were with the whig party. The 
state was tiien democratic, and he found him- 
self in a helpless minority in the legislature, 
still the testimony comes from all parties, that 
his courtesy, ability and integrity, won, to a 
very unusual degree, the respect of his asso- 

In the autumn of 1832, he was elected to 
a seat in the United States congress He en- 
tered that troubled arena in some of the most 
tumultuous hours of our national history. The 
great conflict respecting the national bank 
and the removal of the deposits was then 

His term of two years closed, and he re- 
turned to his profession, which he pursued 
witii increasing reputation and success. After 
a lapse of two years he again became a candi- 
date for congress; was re-elected, and took his 
seat in 1837. His past experience as a repre- 
sentative gave him strength and confidence. 
The first term of service in congress to any 
man can be but little more than an introduction. 
He was now prepared for active duty. F"ill- 
more was now a man of wide repute, and his 
popularity filled the state, and in the year 
1847 he was elected comptroller of the state. 

Fillmore had attained the age of forty- 
seven years. His labors at the bar, in the 
legislature, in congress and as comptroller, 
had given him very considerable fame. The 
whigs were casting about to find suitable can- 
didates for president and vice-president at the 
apdroaching election. Far away, on the 
waters of the Rio Grande, there was a rough 

old soldier, who had fought successful battles 
with the Mexicans, which had caused his 
name to be proclaimed in trumpet-tones all 
over the land. But it was necessary to asso- 
ciate with him, on the same ticket, some man 
of reputation as a statesman. Under the in- 
fluence of these considerations, the names of 
Zachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore became 
the rallying cry of the whigs, as their candi- 
dates for president and vice-president. The 
whig ticket was signall\- triumphant. On the 
4th of March, 1849, Gen. Taylor was inaugu- 
rated president, and Millard Fillmore vice- 
president, of the United States. 

On the 9th of July, 1850, Pres. Taylor, 
but one year and four months after his inaugu- 
ration, was suddenly taken sick and died. By 
the constitution, vice-Pres. Fillmore thus be- 
came president. He appointed a very able 
cabinet, of which the illustrious Daniel Web- 
ster was secretary of state. 

Fillmore had very serious difficulties to 
contend with, since the opposition had a ma- 
jority in both houses. He did everything in 
his power to conciliate the south; but the pro- 
slavery party in the south felt the inadequacy 
of all measures of transient conciliation. The 
population of the free states was so rapidlj- in- 
1 creasing over that of the slave states that it 
J was inevitable that the power of the govern- 
ment should soon pass into the hands of the 
free states. The famous compromise meas- 
I ures were adopted under Fillmore's adininistra- 
j tion, and the Japan expedition was sent out. 
On the 4th of March, 1853, Fillmore, having 
served one term, retired. 

In 1856, Fillmore was nominated for the 

presidency by the "know nothing " party, but 

was beaten bj- Mr. Buchanan. After that 

Fillmore lived in retirement. During J:he ter- 

[ rible conflict of civil war, he was mostly silent. 

1 It was generally supposed that his sympathies 

! were rather with those who were endeavoring 


to overthrow our institutions. He lived to a 
ripe old age, and died in Buffalo, N. Y. , 
March 8, 1S74. 

BRANKLIN PIERCE, the fourteenth 
president of the United States, was born 
m Hillsborough, N. H., November 23, 
1804. Franklin was a very bright 
and handsome boy, generous, warm-hearted 
and brave. He won alike the love of old and 
young. The boys on the play ground loved 
him. His teachers loved him. The neigh- 
bors looked upon him with pride and affection. 
He was by instinct a gentleman; always speak- 
ing kind words, doing kind deeds, with a 
peculiar unstudied tact which taught him what 
was agreeable. Without developing any pre- 
cocity of genius, or any unnatural devotion to 
books, he was a good scholar; in body, in 
mind, in affections, a finely developed boy. 

When sixteen years of age, in the year 
1820, he entered Bowdoin college at Bruns- 
wick, Maine. He was one of the most popu- 
lar young men in the college. The purity of 
his moral character, the unvarying courtesy of 
his demeanor, his rank as a scholar, and genial 
nature, rendered him a universal favorite. 
There was something very peculiarly winning 
in his address, and it was evidently not in the 
slightest degree studied; it was the simple out- 
gushing of his own magnanimous and loving 

Upon graduating, in the year 1824, Erank- 
lin Pierce commenced the study of law in the 
office of Judge Woodbury, one of the most 
distinguished lawyers of the state, and a man 
of great private worth. The eminent social 
qualities of the young lawyer, his father's 
prominence as a public man, and the brilliant 
political career into which Judge Woodbury 
was entering, all tended to entice Mr. Pierce 
into the fascinating, yet perilous, path of po- 

litical life. With all the ardor of his nature 
he espoused the cause of Gen. Jackson for the 
presidency. He commenced the practice of 
law in Hillsborough, and was soon elected to 
represent the town in the state legislature. 
Here he served for four years. The last two 
years he was chosen speaker of the house by a 
very large vote. 

In 1833, at the age of twenty-nine, he was 
elected a member of congress. Without tak- 
ing an active part in debates, he was faithful 
and laborious in duty, a d ever rising in the 
estimation of those with whom he was associ- 
ated. In 1837, being then but thirty-three 
years of age, he was elected to the senate of 
the United States, taking "his seat just as Mr. 
Van Buren commenced his administration. 
He was the youngest member in the senate. 
In the year 1834 he married Miss Jane Means 
Appleton, a lady of rare beauty and accom- 
plishments, and one admirably fitted to adorn 
every station with which her husband was 
honored. Of the three sons who were born to 
them, all now sleep with their parents in the 

In the year 183S, Mr. Pierce, with grow- 
ing fame and increasing business as a lawyer, 
took up his residence in Concord, the capital 
of New Hampshire. President Polk, upon his 
accession to office, appointed Mr. Pierce at- 
torney-general of the United States; but the 
offer was declined in consequence of numer- 
ous professional engagements at home and the 
precarious state of Mrs. Pierce's health. He 
also about the same time declined the nomi- 
nation for governor by the democratic party. 
The war with Me.xico called Mr. Pierce to the 
army. Receiving the appointment of briga- 
dier-general, he embarked with a portion of 
his troops at Newport, R. I., on the 27th of 
May, 1847. He took an important part in 
this war, proving himself a brave and true 






^^RH^v >- j^BBBbH^^ 


^W ^1/ ' 


'"■!, ,j^r 





When Gen. Pierce reached his home in 
his native state he was received enthusiastic- 
ally by the advocates of the Mexican war, and 
coldly by its opponents. He resumed the 
practice of his profession, very frequently tak- 
ing an active part in politiaal questions, giving 
his cordial support to the pro-slavery wing of 
the democratic party. The compromise meas- 
ures met cordially with his approval; and he 
strenuously advocated the enforcement of the 
infamous fugitive-slave law, which so shocked 
the religious sensibilities of the north. He thus 
became distinguished as a "northern man with 
southern principles." The strong partisans 
of slavery in the south consequently regarded 
him as a man whom they could safely trust in 
office to carry out their plans. 

On the I2th of June, 1852, the democratic 
convention met in Baltiir,ore to nominate a 
candidate for the presidency. For four days 
they continued in session, and in thirty-five 
ballotings no one had obtained a two-thirds 
vote. Not a vote thus far had been thrown 
for Gen. Pierce. Then the Virginia delega- 
tion brought forward his name. There were 
fourteen more ballotings, during which Gen. 
Pierce constantly gained strength, until, at the 
forty-ninth ballot, he received 282 votes, and 
all other candidates eleven. Gen. Winfield 
Scott was the whig candidate. Gen. Pierce 
was chosen with great unanimity. Only four 
states — Vermont, Massachusetts, Kentucky 
and Tennessee — cast their electoral votes 
against him. Gen. Franklin Pierce was there- 
fore inaugurated president of the United States 
on the 4th of March, 1853. 

His administration proved one of the most 
stormy our country had ever experienced. The 
controversy between slavery and freedom was 
then approaching its culminating point. It 
became evident that there was an "irrepress- 
ible conflict" between them, and that the 
nation could not long exist "half slave and 

half free." President Pierce, during the whole 
of his administraiion, did everything he could 
to conciliate the south; but it was all in vain. 
The conflict every year grew more and more 
violent, and threats of the dissolution of the 
dissolution of the Union were borne to the 
north on every southern breeze. 

On the 4th of March, \X-^-, President 
Pierce retired to his home in Concord. Of 
three children, two had died, and his only sur- 
viving child had been killed before his eyes by 
a railroad accident; and his wife, one of the 
most estimable and accomplished of ladies, 
was rapidly sinking in consumption. The hour 
of dreadful gloom soon came, and he was left 
alone in the world without wife or chikl. 

Such was the condition of affairs when 
Pres Pierce approached the close of his four 
years' term of office. The north had become 
thoroughl}- alienated from him. The anti- 
slavery sentiment, goaded by great outrages, 
had been rapidly increasing; all the intellectual 
ability and social worth of Pres. Pierce were 
forgotten in deep reprehension of his adminis- 
trative acts. The slaveholders of the south, 
also, unmindful of the fidelity with which he 
had advocated those measures of government 
which they approved, and perhaps, also, feel- 
ing that he had rendered himself so unpopular 
as no longer to be able acceptably to serve 
them, ungratefully dropped him, and nomi- 
nated James Buchanan to succeed him. 

When the terrible rebellion broke forth, 
which divided our country into two parties, 
Mr. Pierce remained steadfast in the principles 
which he had always cherished, and gave his 
sympathies to that pro-slavery party with 
which he had ever been allied. He declined 
to do anything, either by voice or pen, to 
strengthen the hand of the national govern- 
ment. He continued to reside in Concord 
until the time of his death, which occurred in 
October, 1869. He was one of the most genial 



and social of men, an honored communicant 
of the Episcopal church, and one of the kind- 
est of neighbors. Generous to a fault, he con- 
tributed liberally for the alleviation of suffer- 
ing and want, and many of his townspeople 
were often gladdened by his material bounty. 

>^ AMES BUCHANAN, the fifteenth presi- 
m dent of the United States, was born in 
^ 1 Franklin county, Pa., on the 23d cf 
April, 1791. His father was a native 
of the north of Ireland; a poor man, who had 
emigrated in 1783, with little property save his 
own strong arms. Five years afterward he 
married Elizabeth Spear, the daughter of a 
respectable farmer, and, with his young bride, 
plunged into the wilderness, staked his claim, 
reared his log hut, opened a clearing with his 
a.x. and settled down to perform his obscure 
part in the drama of life. In this secluded 
home, where James was born, he remained for 
eight years, enjoying but few social or intel- 
lectual advantages. When James was eight 
years of age his father removed to the village 
of Mercersburg, where his son was placed at 
school, and commenced a course of study in 
English, Latin and Greek. His progress was 
rapid, and at the age of fourteen he entered 
Dickenson college, at Carlisle. Here he de- 
veloped remarkable talent, and took his stand 
among the first scholars of the institution. His 
application to study was intense, and yet his 
native powers enabled him to master the most 
abstruse subjects with facility. In the year 
1809, he graduated with the highest honors of 
his class. He was then eighteen years of age; 
tall and graceful, vigorous in health, fond of 
athletic sport, an unerring shot, and enlivened 
with an exuberant flow of animal spirits. He 
immediately commenced the study of law in 
the city of Lancaster, and was admitted to the 

bar in 18 12, when he was but twenty-one 
years of age. Very rapidly he rose in his pro- 
fession, and at once took undisputed stand 
with the ablest lawyers of the state. When 
but twenty-si.x years of age, unaided by coun- 
sel, he successfully defended before the state 
senate one of the judges of the state, who was 
tried upon articles of impeachment. At the 
age of thirty it was generally admitted that he 
stood at the head of the bar. 

In 1820 he reluctantly consented to run as 
a candidate for congress. He was elected, 
and for ten years he remained a member of 
the lower house. During the vacations of 
congress, he occasionally tried some important 
case. In 1831, he retired altogether from the 
toils of his profession, having acquired an 
ample fortune. 

Gen. Jackson, upon his elevation to the 
presidency, appointed Mr. Buchanan minister 
to Russia. The duties of his mission he per- 
formed with ability, which gave satisfaction to 
all parties. Upon his return, in 1833, he was 
elected to a seat in the United States senate. 
He there met, as his associates, Webster, 
Clay, Wright and Calhoun. He advocated 
the measures proposed by Pres. Jackson, of 
making reprisals against Fcance, to enforce 
the payment of our claims against that country; 
and defended the course of the president in 
his unprecedented and wholesale removal from 
office of those who were not supporters of his 
administration. Upon this question he was 
brought into direct collision with Henry Clay. 
He also, with voice and vote, advocated e.x- 
punging from the journal of the senate the 
vote of censure against Gen. Jackson for re- 
moving the deposits. Earnestly he opposed 
the abolition of slavery in the District of Co- 
lumbia, and urged the prohibition of the circu- 
lation of anti-slavery documents by the United 
States mails. 

Upon Mr. Polk's accession to the presi- 



dency, Mr. Buchanan became secretary of 
state, and as such took his share of the re- 
sponsibihty in the conduct of the Mexican war. 
Mr. Polk assumed that crossing the Nueces 
by the American troops into the disputed ter- 
ritory was not wrong, but for the Mexicans to 
cross the Rio Grande into that territory was a 
declaration of war. Mr. Buchanan identified 
himself thoroughly with the party devoted to 
the perpetuation and extension of slavery, and 
brought all the energies of his mind to bear 
against the Wilmot Proviso. He gave his ap- 
proval of the compromise measures of 1850, 
which included the fugitive-slave law. Mr. 
Pierce, upon his election to the presidency, hon- 
ored Mr. Buchanan with the mission to England. 
In the year 1856, a national democratic 
convention nominated Mr. Buchanan for the 
presidency. The political conflict was one of 
the most severe in which our country has ever 
engaged. All the friends of slavery were on 
one side; all the advocates of its restriction 
and final abolition, on the other. Mr. Fre- 
mont, the candidate of the enemies of slavery, 
received 114 electoral votes. Mr. Buchanan 
received 174, and was elected. The popular 
vote stood i.,34i,264, for Fremont, 1,838,160 
for Buchanan. On March 4, 1S57, Mr. Bu- 
chanan was inaugurated. Mr. Buchanan was 
far advanced in life. Only four years were 
wanting to fill up his three score years and 
ten. His own friends, those with whom he 
had been allied in political principles and 
action for years, were seeking the destruction 
of the government, that they might rear upon 
the ruins of our free institutions a nation 
whose corner stone should be human slavery. 
In this emergencj', Mr. Buchanan was hope- 
lessly bewildered. He could not, with his 
long avowed principles, consistently oppose 
the state-rights party in their assumptions. 
As president of the United States, bound by 
his oath faithfully to administer the laws, he 

could not, without perjury of the grossest kind, 
unite with those endeavoring to overthrow the 
republic. He therefore did nothing. Mr. 
Buchanan's sympathy with the pro-slavery 
party was such, that he had been willing to 
offer them far more than they had ventured to 
cla"im. All the south had professed to ask of 
the north was non-interference with the sub- 
ject of slavery. Mr. Buchanan had been 
ready to offer them the active co-operation of 
the governn^ent to defend and extend the in- 
stitution. As the storm increased in violence, 
the slave holders claiming the right to secede, 
and Mr. Buchanan avowing that congress had 
no power to prevent it, one of the most piti- 
able exhibitions of governmental imbecility 
was exhibited the world has ever seen. He 
declared that congress had no power to enforce 
its laws in any state which had withdrawn, or 
which was attempting to withdraw from the 
Union. This was not the doctrine of Andrew 
Jackson, when, with his hand upon his sword 
hilt, he exclaimed. "The Union must and shall 
be preserved." 

South Carolina seceded in December, i860, 
nearly three months before the inauguration of 
Prcs. Lincoln. Mr. Buchanan looked on in 
listless despair. The r,;bel flag was raised in 
Charleston; Fort Sumter was besieged; our 
forts, navy yards and arsenals were seized; 
our depots of military stores were plundered; 
and our custom houses and post offices were 
appropriated by the rebels. The energy of 
the rebels, and the imbecility of our executive, 
were alike marvelous. The nation looked on 
in agony, waiting for the slow weeks to glide 
away and close the administration, so terrible 
in its weakness. At length the long looked for 
hour of deliverance came, when Abraham 
I Lincoln was to receive the scepter. 
i The administration of President Buchanan 

1 was certainly the most calamitous our country 
has experienced. His best friends cannot re- 



call it with pleasure. And still more deplor- 
able it is for his fame, that in that dreadful 
conflict which rolled its billows of flame and 
blood over our whole land, no word came 
from his lips to indicate his wish that our 
country's banner should triumph over the flag 
of the rebellion. He died at his Wheatland 
retreat, June i, 1868. 

HBRAHAM LINCOLN, the sixteenth 
president of the United States, was 
born in Hardin county, Ky. , Febru- 
ary 12, 1809. About the year 1780, 
a man by the name of Abraham Lincoln left 
Virginia with his family and moved into the 
then wilds of Kentucky. Only two years after 
this emigration, still a young man, while work- 
ing one day in a field, he was stealthily ap- 
proached by an Indian and shot dead. His 
widow was left iu extreme poverty with five 
little children, three boys and two girls. 
Thomas, the youngest of the boys, was four 
years of age at his father's death. This 
Thomas was the father of Abraham Lincoln, 
the president of the United States, whose 
name must henceforth forever be enrolled with 
the most prominent in the annals of our world. 
When twenty-eight years of age Thomas 
Lincoln built a log cabin of his own, and mar- 
ried Nancy Hanks, the daughter of another 
family of poor Kentucky emigrants, who had 
also come from Virginia. Their second child 
was Abraham Lincoln. The mother of Abra- 
ham was a noble woman, gentle, loving, pen- 
sive; created to adorn a palace, doomed to 
toil and pine, and die in a hovel. "All that I 
am, or hope to be," exclaims the grateful son, 
"I owe to my angel mother." 

When Abraham was eight years of age, his 
father sold his cabin and small farm, and 
moved to Indiana, where two years later his 
mother died. Abraham soon became the 

scribe of the uneducated community around 
him. He could not have had a better school 
than this to teach him to put thoughts into 
words. He also became an eager reader. The 
books he could obtain were few; but these he 
read and re-read until they were almost com- 
mitted to memory. As the years rolled on, 
the lot of this lowly family was the usual lot 
of humanity. There were joys and griefs, 
weddings and funerals. Abraham's sister 
Sarah, to whom he was tenderly attached, was 
married when a child of but fourteen years of 
age, and soon died. The family was gradually 
scattered. Thomas Lincoln sold out his 
squatter's claim in 1830, and emigrated to 
Macon count)', 111. Abraham Lincoln was 
then twenty-one years of age. With vigorous 
hands he aided his father in rearing another 
log cabin. Abraham worked diligently at this 
until he saw the family comfortably settled, 
and their small lot of enclosed prairie planted 
with corn, when he announced to his father 
his intention to leave home, and to go out into 
the world and seek his fortune. Little did he 
or his friends imagine how brilliant that 
fortune was to be. He saw the value of educa- 
tion and was intensely earnest to improve his 
mind to the utmost of his power. He saw the 
ruin which ardent spirits were causing, and 
became strictly temperate; refusing to allow 
a drop of intoxicating liquor to pass his lips. 
And he had read in God's word, "Thou shalt 
not take the name of the Lord thy God in 
vain;" and a profane expression he was never 
heard to utter. Religion he revered. His 
morals were pure, and he was uncontaminated 
by a single vice. 

Young Abraham worked for a time as a 
hired laborer among the farmers. Then he 
went to Springfield, where he was employed in 
building a large flat-boat. In this he took a 
herd of swine, floated them down the Sanga- 
mon to the Illinois, and thence by the Missis- 



sippi to New Orleans. In this adventure his 
employers were so well pleased, that upon his 
return they placed a store and mill under his 
care. In 1832, at the outbreak of the Black 
Hawk war, he enlisted and was chosen cap- 
tain of a company. He returned to Sangamon 
county, and although only twenty-three years 
of age, was a candidate for the legislature, but 
was defeated. He soon afterward received 
from Andrew Jackson the appointment of post- 
master of New Salem. His only postoffice 
was his hat. All the letters he received he 
carried there ready to deliver to those he 
chanced to meet. He studied surveying and 
soon made this his business. In 1834 he 
again became a candidate for the legislature, 
and was elected. Mr. Stuart, of Springfield, 
advised him to study law. He walked from 
New Salem to Springfield, borrowed of Mr. 
Stuart a load of books, carried them back and 
began his legal studies. When the legislature 
assemDled he trudged on foot with his pack on 
his back 100 miles to Vandalia, then the cap- 
ital. In 1 836 he was re-elected to the legislature. 
Here it was he first met Stephen A. Douglas. 
In 1839 he removed to Springfield and began 
the practice of law. His success with the jury 
was so great that he was soon engaged in 
almost every noted case in the circuit. 

In 1S54 the great discussion began between 
Mr. Lincoln and Mr. Douglas, on the slavery 
question. In the organization of the republi- 
can party in Illinois, in 1856, he took an 
active part, and at once became one of the 
leaders in that party. Mr. Lincoln's speeches 
in opposition to Senator Douglas in the con- 
test in 1858 for a seat in the senate, form a 
most notable part of his history. The issue 
was on the slavery question, and he took the 
broad ground of the Declaration of Independ- 
ence, that all men are created equal. Mr. 
Lincoln was defeated in this contest, but won 
a far higher prize. 

The great republican convention met at 
Chicago on the i6th of June, i860. The del- 
egates and strangers who crowded the city 
amounted to 25,000. An immense building 
called "The Wigwam," was reared to accom- 
modate the convention. There were eleven 
candidates for whom votes were cast. William 
H. Seward, a man whose fame as a statesman 
had long filled the land, was the most prom- 
inent. It was generally supposed he would be 
the nominee. Abraham Lincoln, however, 
received the nomination on the third ballot. 
Little did he then dream of the weary years of 
toil and care, and the bloody death, to which 
that nomination doomed him; and as little did 
he dream that he was to render services to his 
country which would fix upon him the eyes of 
the whole civilized world, and which would 
give him a place in the affections of his coun- 
trymen, second only, if second, to that of 

Election day came and Mr. Lincoln re- 
ceived 180 electoral votes out of 203 cast, and 
was, therefore, constitutionally elected presi- 
dent of the United States. The tirade of 
abuse that was poured upon this good and 
merciful man, especially by the slaveholders, 
was greater than upon any other man ever 
elected to this high position. In February, 
1 86 1, Mr. Lincoln started for Washington, 
stopping in all the large cities on his way, 
making speeches. The whole journey was 
fraught with much danger. Many of the 
southern states had already seceded, and sev- 
eral attempts at assassination were afterward 
brought to light. A gang in Baltimore had 
arranged, upon his arrival, to "get up a row," 
and in the confusion to make sure of his death 
with revolvers and hand grenades. A detect- 
ive unraveled the plot. A secret and special 
train was provided to take him from Harris- 
burg, through Baltimore, at an unexpected 
hour of the night. The train started at half 



past ten; and to prevent any possible com- 
munication on the part of the secessionists 
with their confederate gang in Baltimore, as 
soon as the train had started the telegraph 
wires were cut, Mr. Lincoln reached Wash- 
ington in safety and was inaugurated, although 
great anxiety was felt by all loyal people. 

In the selection of his cabinet Mr. Lincoln 
gave to Mr. Seward the department of state, 
and to other prominent opponents before the 
convention he gave important positions. 

During no other administration have the 
duties devolving upon the president been so 
manifold, and the responsibilities so great, as 
those which fell to the lot of Pres. Lincoln. 
Knowing this, and feeling his own weakness 
and inability to meet, and in his own strength 
to cope with the difficulties, he early learned 
to seek Divine wisdom and guidance in deter- 
mining his plans, and Divine comfort in all his 
trials, both personal and national. Contrary 
to his own estimate of himself, Mr. Lincoln 
was one of the most courageous of men. He 
went directly into the rebel capital just as the 
retreating foe was leaving, with no guard but a 
few sailors. From the time he had left 
Springfield, in 1861, however, plans had been 
made for his assassination, and he at last fell 
a victim to one of them. April 14, 1865, he, 
with Gen. Grant, was urgently invited to 
attend Ford's theater. It was announced that 
they would be present. Gen. Grant, however, 
left the city. Pres. Lincoln, feeling, with his 
characteristic kindliness of heart, that it would 
be a disappointment if he should fail them, 
very reluctantly consented to go. While 
listening to the play an actor by the name of 
John Wilkes Booth entered the box where the 
president and family were seated, and fired a 
bullet into his brains. He died the next morn- 
ing at seven o'clock, and now, if never before, 
the nation was plunged into the deepest mourn- 
ing, and truly mourned the "country's loss." 

HNDREW JOHNSON, seventeenth 
president of the United States, was 
born December 29, 1808, in Raleigh, 
N. C. When Andrew was five years 
of age, his father accidentally lost his life 
while heroically endeavoring to save a friend 
from drowning. Until ten years of age, An- 
drew was a ragged boy about the streets, sup- 
ported by the labor of his mother, who ob- 
tained her living with her own hands. He 
then, having never attended a school one day, 
and being unable either to read or write, was 
apprenticed to a tailor in his native town. A 
gentleman was in the habit of going to the 
tailor's shop occasionally and reading to the 
boys at work there. He often read from the 
speeches of distinguished British statesmen. 
Andrew, who was endowed with a mind of 
more than ordinary native ability, became 
much interested in these speeches; his ambi- 
tion was roused, and he was inspired with a 
strong desire to learn to read. He according- 
ly applied himself to the alphabet, and, with 
the assistance of some of his fellow-workmen, 
learned his letters. He then called upon the 
gentleman to borrow the book of speeches. 
The owner, pleased with his zeal, not only 
gave him the book, but assisted him in learn- 
ing to combine the letters into words. Under 
such difficulties he pressed onward laboriously, 
spending usually ten or twelve hours at work 
in the shop, and then robbing himself of rest 
and recreation to devote such time as he could 
to reading. 

He went to Tennessee in 1826 and located 
at Greenville, where he married a young lady 
who possessed some education. Under her 
instructions he learned to write and cipher. 
He became prominent in the village debating 
society, and a favorite with the students of 
Greenville college. In 1828 he organized a 
workingman's party, which elected him alder- 
man, and in 1830 elected him mayor, which 





position he held three j-ears. He now began 
to take a hvely interest in poHtical affairs, 
identifying himself with the working classes to 
which he belonged. In 1835 he was elected 
a member of the house of representatives of 
Tennessee. He was then just twenty-seven 
years of age. He became a very active mem- 
ber of the legislature, gave his adhesion to the 
democratic party, and in 1840 " stumped the 
state," advocating Mairtin Van Buren's claims 
to the presidency in opposition to those of 
Gen. Harrison. In this campaign he ac- 
quired much readiness as a speaker, and ex- 
tended and increased his reputation. 

In 1 84 1 he was elected state senator; in 
1S43 he was elected a member of congress, 
and by successive elections held that important 
post for ten years. In 1853 he was elected 
governor of Tennessee, and was re-elected in 
1855. In all these responsible positions he 
discharged his duties with distinguished ability 
and proved himself the friend of the working 
classes. In 1857 Mr. Johnson was elected a 
United States senator. 

Years before, in 1S45, he had warmly ad- 
vocated the annexation of Texas, stating, 
however, as his reason, that he thought 
this annexation would probably prove 
"to be the gateway out of which the sable 
sons of Africa are to pass from bondage to 
freedom, and become merged fn a population 
congenial to themselves." In 1850 he also 
supported the compromise measures, the two 
essential features of which were, that the white 
people of the territories should be permitted 
to decide for themselves whether they would 
enslave the colored people or not, and that 
the free states of the north should return to j 
the south persons who attempted to escape 
from slavery. 

Mr. Johnson was never ashamed of his 
lowly origin; on the contrar}', he often took 
pride in avowing that he owed his distinction 

to his own exertions. "Sir," said he oIt the 
floor of the senate, "I tio not forget that I 
am a mechanic; neither do I forget that Adam 
was a tailor and sewed fig leaves, and that our 
Saviour was the son of a carpenter." 

In the Charleston-Baltimore convention of 
i860, he was the choice of the Tennessee 
democrats for the presidency. In 1861, when 
the purpose of the southern democracy became 
apparent, he took a decided stand in favor of 
the Union, and held "slavery must be held 
subordinate to the Union at whatever cost." 
He returned to Tennessee, and repeatedly im- 
periled his own life to protect the Unionists of 
Tennessee. Tennessee having seceded from 
the Union, President Lincoln on March 4, 
1862, appointed him military governor of the 
state, and he established the most stringent 
military rule. His numerous proclamations 
attracted wide attention. In 1864 he was 
elected vice-president of the United States, and 
upon the death of Mr. Lincoln, April 15, 1865, 
became president. In a speech two days later 
he said: "The American people must be 
taught, if they do not already feel, that trea- 
son is a crime and must be punished; that the 
government will not always bear with its ene- 
mies; that it is stroag not only to protect, but 
to punish. '■•" "■ The people must under- 
stand that it (treason) is the blackest of crimes 
and will surely be punished." Yet his whole 
administration, the history of which is so well 
known, was in utter inconsistency with, and 
the most violent opposition to, the principles 
laid down in that speech. 

In his loose policy of reconstruction and 
general amnesty he was opposed by congress; 
and he characterized congress as a new rebel- 
lion, and lawlessly defied it in everything pos- 
sible to the utmost. In the beginning of 1868, 
on account of "high crimes and misdemean- 
ors," the principal of which was the removal 
of Secretary Stanton, in violation of the Ten- 


ure of Office act, articles of impeachment 
were preferred against liim, and ttie trial began 
March 23. 

It was very tedious, continuing for nearly 
three months. A test article of the impeach- 
ment was at length submitted to the court for 
its action. It was certain that as the court 
voted upon that article, so would it vote upon 
all. Thirty-four voices pronounced the presi- 
dent guilty. As a two-thirds vote was neces- 
sary to his condemnation, he was pronounced 
acquitted, notwithstanding the great majority 
against him. The change of one vote from 
the not guilty side would have sustained the 

The president for the remainder of his 
term was but little regarded. He continued, 
though impotently, his conflict with congress. 
His own party did not think it expedient to 
renominate him for the presidency. The bul- 
let of the assassin introduced him to the presi- 
dent's chair. Notwithstanding this, never 
was there presented to a man a better oppor- 
tunity to immortalize his name and win the 
gratitude of a nation. He failed utterly. He 
retired to his home in Greenville, Tenn., tak- 
ing no very active part in politics until 1875. 
On January 26, after an e.xciting struggle, he 
was chosed by the legislature of Tennessee 
United States senator in the forty-fourth con- 
gress, and took his seat in that body at the 
special session convened by President Grant 
on the 5th of March. On the 27th of July, 
1875, the ex-president made a visit to his 
daughter's home, near Carter Station, Tenn. 
When he started on his journey he was appar- 
ently in his usual vigorous health, but on 
reaching the residence of his child the follow- 
ing day was stricken with paralysis, rendering 
him unconscious. He rallied occasionally, but 
finally passed away at 2 a. m., July 31, aged 
sixty-seven years. He was buried at Green- 
ville, on the 3d of August, 1875. 

aLYSSES S. GRANT, the eighteenth 
president of the United States, was 
born on the 29th of April, 1822, of 
christian parents, in a humble home, 
at Point Pleasant, on the banks of the Ohio. 
Shortly after his father moved to Georgetown, 
Brown county, Ohio. In this remote frontier 
hamlet, Ulysses received a common school 
education. At the age of seventeen, in the 
year 1839, he entered the Military academy at 
West Point. Here he was regarded as a solid, 
sensible young man of fair abilities, and of 
sturdy, honest character. He took respect- 
able rank as a scholar. In June, 1843, he 
graduated, about the middle in his class, and 
was sent as lieutenant of infantry to one of 
the distant military posts in the Missouri terri- 
tory. Two years he passed in these dreary 
solitudes, watching the vagabond and exasper- 
ating Indians. 

The war with Mexico came. Lieut. Grant 
was sent with his regiment to Corpus Christi. 
His first battle was at Palo Alto. There was 
no chance here for the exhibition of either 
skill or heroism, nor at Resaca de la Palma, 
his second battle. At the battle of Monterey, 
his third engagement, it is said that he per- 
formed a signal service of daring and skillful 
horsemanship. His brigade had exhausted its 
ammunition. A messenger must be sent for 
more, along a route exposed to the bullets of 
the foe. Lieut. Grant, adopting an expedient 
learned of the Indians, grasped the mane of 
his horse, and hanging upon one side of the 
animal, ran the gauntlet in entire safety. 
From Monterey he was sent, with the Fourth 
infantry, to aid Gen. Scott, at the siege of 
Vera Cruz. In preparation for the march to 
the city of Mexico, he was appointed quarter- 
master of his regiment. At the battle of 
Molino del Rey, he was promoted to a first 
lieutenancy, and was brevetted captain at 




At the close of the Mexican war, Capt. 
Grant returned with his regiment to New 
York, and was again sent to one of the mili- 
tary posts on the frontier. The discovery of 
gold in California causing an immense tide of 
emigration to flow to the Pacific shores, Capt. 
Grant was sent, with a battalion, to Fort 
Dallas, in Oregon, for the protection of the 
interests of the immigrants. Life was weari- 
some in those wilds. Capt. Grant resigned 
his commission and returned to the states; 
and having married, entered upon the cultiva- 
of a small farm near St. Louis, Mo. He had 
but little skill as a farmer. Finding his toil 
not remunerative, he turned to mercantile 
life, entering into the leather business, with a 
younger brother, at Galena, 111. This was in 
the year i860. As the tidings of the rebels 
firing on Fort Sumter reached the ears of 
Capt. Grant in his counting room, he said — 
"Uncle Sam has educated me for the army; 
though I have served him through one war, I 
do not feel that I have yet repaid the debt. I 
am still ready to- discharge my obligations. I 
shall therefore bcukle on my sword and see 
Uncle Sam through this war, too." 

He went into the streets, raised a company 
of volunteers, and led them, as their captain, 
to Springfield, the capital of the state, where 
their services were offered to Gov. Yates. The 
governor, impressed by the zeal and straight- 
forward executive ability of Capt. Grant, gave 
him a desk in his office, to assist in the volun- 
teer organization that was being formed in the 
state in behalf of the government. On the 
15th of June, 1 86 1, Capt. Grant received a 
commission as colonel of the Twenty-first 
regiment of Illinois volunteers. His merits as 
a West Point graduate, who had served for 
fifteen years in the regular army, were such 
that he was soon promoted to the rank of 
brigadier general and was placed in command 
at Cairo. The rebels raised their flag at Pa- 

ducah, near the mouth of the Tennessee river. 
Scarcely had its folds appeared ere Gen. Grant 
was there. The rebels iled. Their banner 
fell, and the stars and stripes were unfurled 
in its stead. 

At Belmont, a few days later, he sur- 
prised and routed the rebels, then at Fort 
Henry won another victory. Then came the 
brilliant fight at Fort Donelson. The nation 
was electrified by the victory, and the brave 
leader of the boys in blue was immediately 
made a major general, and the military dis- 
trict of Tennessee was assigned to him. 

Like all great captains, Gen. Grant knew 
well how to secure the results of victory. He 
immediately pushed on to the enemy's lines. 
Then came the terrible battles of Pittsburg 
Landing, Corinth, and the siege of Vicksburg, 
were Gen. Pemberton made an unconditional 
surrender of the city with over 30,000 men 
and 172 cannon. The fall of Vicksburg was 
by far the most severe blow which the rebels 
had thus far encountered, and opened up the 
Mississippi from Cairo to the gulf. 

Gen. Grant was next ordered to co-operate 
with Gen. Banks in a movement upon Texas, 
and proceeded to New Orleans, where he was 
thrown from his horse and received severe 
injuries, from which he was laid up for months. 
He then rushed to the aid of Gens. Rosecrans 
and Thomas at Chattanooga, and by a won- 
derful series of strategic and technical measures 
put the Union army in fighting condition. 
Then followed the bloody battles of Chatta- 
nooga, ^ Lookout Mountain and Missionary 
Ridge, in which the rebels were routed with 
great loss. This won for him unbounded 
praise in the north. On the 4th of February, 
1864, congress revived the grade of lieutenant 
general, and the rank was conferred on Gen. 
Grant. He repaired to Washington to re- 
ceive his credentials and enter upon the duties 
of his new office. 



Gen. Grant decided as soon as he took 
charge of the army to concentrate the widely 
dispersed national troops for an attack on 
Richmond, the nominal capital of the rebel- 
lion, and endeavor there to destroy the rebel 
armies which would be promptly assembled 
from all quarters for its defense. The whole 
continent seemed to tremble under the tramp 
of these majestic armies, rushing to the de- 
cisive battle field. Steamers were crowded 
with troops; railway trains were burdened 
with closely packed thousands His plans 
were comprehensive and involved a series of 
campaigns, which were executed with remark- 
able energy and ability, and were consummated 
at the surrender of Lee, April 9, 1865. 

The war was ended. The Union was 
saved. The almost unanimous voice of the 
nation declared Gen. Grant to be the most 
prominent instrument in its salvation. The 
eminent services he had thus rendered the 
country brought him conspicuously forward as 
the republican candidate for the presidential 
chair. At the republican convention held at 
Chicago May 21, 1868, he was unanimonsly 
nominated for the presidency, and at the 
autumn election received a majority of the 
popular vote, and 214 out of 294 electoral 
votes. The national convention of the repub- 
lican party which met at Philadelphia on the 
5th June, 1872, placed Gen. Grant in nomi- 
nation for a second term by a unanimous vote. 
The selection was emphatically indorsed by 
the people five months later, 292 electoral 
votes being cast for him. 

Socn after the close of his second term. 
Gen. Grant started upon his famous trip 
around the world. He visited almost every 
country of the civilized world, and was every 
where received with such ovations and demon- 
strations of respect and honor, private as well 
as public and official, as were never before 
bestowed upon any citizen of the United States. 

He was the most prominent candidate 
before the republican national convention in 
1880 for a renomination for president. He 
went to New York and embarked in the 
brokerage business under the firm name of 
Grant & Ward. The latter proved a villain, 
wrecked Grant's fortune, and for larceny was 
sent to the penitentiary. The general was 
attacked with cancer in the throat, but suffered 
in his stoic like manner, never complaining. 
He was re-instated genera! of the army and 
retired by congress. The cancer soon finished 
its deadly work, and July 23, 1885, the nation 
went in mourning over the death of the illus- 
trious general. 

kJ^ UTHERFORD B. HAYES, the nine- 
1/^ teenth president of the United States, 
J|_^P was born in Delaware, Ohio, October 
4, 1822, almost three months after 
the death of his father, Rutherford Hayes. 
His ancestry, on both the paternal and mater- 
nal sides, was of the most honorable character. 
It can be traced, it is said, as far back as 
1280, when Hayes and Rutherford were two 
Scottish chieftains, fighting side by side with 
Baliol, William Wallace and Robert Bruce. 
Both families belonged to the nobility, owned 
extensive estates, and had a large following. 
Misfortune overtaking the family, George 
Hayes left Scotland in 1680, and settled in 
Windsor, Conn. His son George was born 
in Windsor, and remained there during his 
life. Daniel Hayes, son of the latter, married 
Sarah Lee, and lived from the time of his 
marriage until his death in Simsbury, Conn. 
Ezekiel, son of Daniel, was born in 1724, and 
was a manufacturer of scythes at Bradford, 
Conn. Rutherford Hayes, son of Ezekiel and 
grandfather of President Hayes, was born in 
New Haven, in August, 1756. He was a 




farmer, blacksmith and tavern-keeper. He 
emigrated to Vermont at an unknown date, 
settling in Brattleboro, where he established a 
hotel. Here his son, Rutherford Hayes the 
father of President Hayes, was born. He was 
married, in September, 1813, to Sophia Bir- 
chard, of Wilmington, Vt., whose ancestors 
emigrated thither from Connecticut, they hav- 
ing been among the wealthiest and best fami- 
lies of Norwich. Her ancestry on the male 
side are traced back to 1635, to John Bir- 
chard, one of the principal founders of Nor- 
wich. Both of her grandfathers were soldiers 
in the Revolutionarj' war. 

The father of President Hayes was an in- 
dustrious, frugal and open-hearted man. He 
was of a mechanical turn, and could mend a 
plow, knit a stocking, or do almost any- 
thing else that he chose to undertake. He 
was a member of the church, active in all the 
benevolent enterprises of the town, and con- 
ducted his business on christian principles. 
After the close of the war of 1812, for reasons 
inexplicable to his neighbors, he resolved to 
emigrate to Ohio. 

The journey from Vermont to Ohio in that 
day, when there were no canals, steamers, nor 
railways, was a very serious affair. A tour of 
inspection was first made, occupying four 
months. Mr. Hayes determined to move to 
Delaware, where the family arrived in 1817. 
He died July 22, 1822, a victim of malarial 
fever, less than three months before the birth 
of the son, of whom we now write. Mrs. 
Hayes, in her sore bereavement, found the 
support she so much needed in her brother 
Sardis, who had been a member of the house- 
hold from the day of its departure from \'er- 
mont, and in an orphan girl whom she had 
adopted some time before as an act of charity. 

Mrs. Hayes at this period was very weak, 
and the subject of this sketch was so feeble at 
birth that he was not expected to li\e beyond 

a month or two at most. As the months 
went by he grew weaker and weaker, so tiiat 
the neighbors were in the habit of inejuiring 
from time to time "if Mrs. Hayes' baby died 
last night." On one occasion a neighbor, who 
was on familiar terms with the family, after 
alluding to the boy's big head, and the moth- 
er's assiduous care of him, said in a bantering 
way, "That's right! Stick to him. You have 
got him along so far, and I shouldn't wonder 
if he would really come to something yet." 

"You need not laugh," said Mrs. Hayes. 
"You wait and see. You can't tell but I 
shall make him president of the United States 
yet." The boy lived, in spite of the universal 
predictions of his speedy death; and when, in 
1825, his older brother was drowned, he be- 
came, if possible, still dearer to his mother. 

The boy was seven years old before he 
went to school. His education, however, was 
not neglected. He probably learned as much 
from his mother and sister as he would have 
done at school. His sports were almost wholly 
within doors, his playmates being his sister 
and her associates. His uncle Sardis Birchard 
took the deepest interest in his education; and 
as the boy's health had improved, and he was 
making good progress in his studies, he pro- 
posed to send him to college. His preparation 
commenced with a tutor at home; but he was 
afterwards sent for one year to a professor in 
the 'Wesleyan university, in Middletown, Conn. 
He entered Kenyon college in 1838, at the 
age of sixteen, and was graduated at the head 
of his class in 1842. 

Immediately after his graduation he began 
the study of law in the office of Thomas Spar- 
row, Esq., in Columbus. Finding his oppor- 
tunities for study in Columbus somewhat 
limited, he determined to enter the law school 
at Cambridge, Mass., where he remained two 
years. In 1845, after graduating at the law 
school, he was admitted to the bar at Marietta, 



Ohio, and shortly afterward went into practice 
as an attorney-at-Iaw with Ralph P. Buck- 
land, of Fremont. Here he remained three 
years, acquiring but a limited practice, and 
apparently unambitious of distinction in his 

In 1S49 he moved to Cincinnati, where his 
ambition found a new stimulus. Two events, 
occurring at this period, had a powerful intiu- 
ence upon his subsequent life. One of these 
was his marriage with Miss Lucy Ware Webb, 
daughter of Dr. Jam^s Webb, of Chilicothe; 
the other was his introduction to the Cincin- 
nati Literary club, a body embracing among 
its members such men as Chief Justice Salmon 
P. Chase, Gen. John Pope, Go\-. Edward F. 
Noyes, and man}' others hardly less distin- 
guished in after life. The marriage was a 
fortunate one in every respect, as everybody 
knows. Not one of all the wives of our presi- 
dents was more universally admired, rever- 
enced and beloved than was Mrs. Hayes, and 
no one did more than she to reflect honor 
upon American womanhood. The Literary 
club brought Mr. Hayes into constant associa- 
tion with young men of high character and 
noble aims, and lured him to display the 
qualities so long hidden by his bashfulness and 

In 1856 he was nominated to the office of 
judge of the court of common pleas; but he 
declined to accept the nomination. Two 
years later, the office of city solicitor becoming 
vacant, the city council elected him for the 
unexpired term. 

In I 86 1, when the rebellion broke out, he 
was at the ;jenith of his professional life. His 
rank at the bar was among the first. But the 
news of the attack on Fort Sumter found him 
eager to take up arms for the defense of his 

His military record was bright and illus- 
trious. In October, 1861, he was made 

lieutenant-colonel, and in August, 1862, pro- 
moted colonel of the Seventy-ninth Ohio regi- 
ment, but he refused to leave his old comrades 
and go among strangers. Subsequently, how- 
ever, he was made colonel of his old regiment. 
At the battle of South Mountain he received a 
wound, and while faint and bleeding displayed 
courage and fortitude that won admiration 
from all. 

Col. Hayes was detached from his regiment, 
after his recovery, to act as brigadier-general, 
and placed in command of the celebrated 
Kanawha division, and for gallant and meri- 
torious services in the battles of M''inchester, 
Fisher's Hill and Cedar Creek, he was pro- 
moted brigadier-general. He was also brevet- 
ted major-general, "for gallant and distin- 
guished services during the campaigns of 1864, 
in West Virginia." In the course of his 
arduous services, four horses were shot from 
under him, and he was wounded four times. 

In 1864, Gen. Hayes was elected to con- 
gress, from the Second Ohio district, which 
had long been democratic. He was not pres- 
ent during the campaign, and after his elec- 
tion was importuned to resign his commission 
in the army; but he finally declared, "I shall 
never come to Washington until I can come 
by the way of Richmond." He was re-elected 
in 1866. 

In 1867, Gen. Hayes was elected governor 
of Ohio, over Hon. Allen G. Thurman. a popu- 
lar democrat. In 1869 was re-elected over 
George H. Pendleton. He was elected gov- 
ernor for the third term in 1875. 

In 1876 he was the standard bearer of the 
republican party in the presidential contest, 
and after a hard, long contest was chosen 
president, and was inaugarated Monday, March 
5. 1875. 

He served one full term of four years, then 
retired to his peaceful home, where he expired 
January 17, 1893. 




>rr'AMES A. GARFIELD, twentieth pres- 
J ident of the United States, was born 
/» 1 November 19, 1831, in the woods of 
Orange, Cuyahoga county, Ohio. His 
parents were Abram and Ehza (Ballou) Gar- 
field, both of New England ancestry and from 
families well known in the early history of that 
section of our country, but had moved to the 
Western Reserve, in Ohio, early in its settle- 

The house in which James A. was born 
was about 20x30 feet, built of logs, with the 
spaces between the logs filled with clay. His 
father was a hard working farmer, and he soon 
had his fields cleared, an orchard planted, and 
a log barn built. The household comprised 
the father and mother and their four children — 
Mehetabel, Thomas, Mary and James. In 
May, 1823, the father, from a cold contracted 
in helping to put out a forest fire, died. At 
this time James was about eighteen months 
old, and Thomas about ten years old. He 
now lives in Michigan, and the two sisters live 
in Solon, Ohio, near their birthplace. 

The early educational advantages young 
Garfield enjoyed were very limited, yet he 
made the most of them. He labored at farm 
work for others, did capenter work, chopped 
wood, or did anything that would bring in a 
few dollars. Nor was Gen. Garfield ever 
ashamed of b'S orign, and he never forgot the 
friends of his struggling childhood, youth and 
manhood, neither did they ever forget him. 
When in the highest seats of honor, the 
humblest friend of his boyhood was as kindly 
greeted as ever. 

The highest ambition of young Garfield 
until he was about sixteen years old was to be 
a captain of a vessel on Lake Erie. He was 
anxious to go aboard a vessel, which his 
mother strongly opposed. She finally con- 
sented to his going to Cleveland, with the 
understanding, however, that he should try to 

obtain some other kind of employment. He 
walked all the way to Cleveland. After 
making many applications for work, and try- 
ing to get aboard a lake vessel, and not meet- 
ing with success, he engaged as a dri\er for 
his cousin, Amos Letcher, on the Ohio & Penn- 
sylvania canal. He remained at this work 
but a short time when he went home, and 
attended the seminary at Chester for about 
three years, when he entered Hiram and the 
Eclectic institute, teaching a few terms of 
school in the meantime, and doing other work. 
This school was started by the Disciples of 
Christ in 1850, of which church he was then 
a member. He became janitor and bell-ringer 
in order to help pay his way. He then be- 
came both teacher and pupil. In the fall of 
1854, he entered Williams college, from which 
he graduated in 1856, taking one of the high- 
est honors of his class. He afterwards re- 
turned to Hiram college as its president. Dr. 
Noah Porter, president of Yale college, says of 
him in reference to his religion: 

' 'President Garfield was more than a man 
of strong moral and religious convictions. His 
whole history, from boyhood to the last, 
shows that duty to man and to God, and de- 
votion to Christ and life and faith and spiritual 
commission were controlling springs of his 
being, and to a more than usual degree." 

Mr. Garfield was united in marriage with 
Miss Lucretia Rudolph, November 11, 1858, 
who proved herself worthy as the wife of one 
whom all the world loved and mourned. To 
them were born seven children, five of whom 
are still living, four boys and one girl. 

Mr. Garfield made his first political 
speeches in 1856, in Hiram and the neighbor- 
ing villages, and three years later he began to 
speak at county mass meetings, and became 
the favorite speaker wherever he was. Dur- 
ing this year he was elected to the Ohio 
senate. He also began to study law at Cleve- 



land, and in 1861 was admitted to the bar. 
The great rebelHon broke out in the early part 
of this year, and Mr. Garfield at once resolved 
to fight as he had talked, and enlisted to de- 
fend the old flag. He received his commission 
as lieutenant-colonel of the Forty-second reg- 
iment of Ohio volunteer infantry, August 14, 
I861, He was immediately put into active 
service, and before he had ever seen a gun 
fired in action, was placed in command of four 
regiments of infantry and eight companies of 
cavalry, charged with the work of driving out 
of his native state the officer (Humphrey Mar- 
shall) reputed to be the ablest of those, not 
educated to war, whom Kentucky had given to 
the rebellion. This work was bravely and 
speedily accomplished, although against great 
odds. President Lincoln, on his success com- 
missioned him brigadier-general, January 10, 
1862; and as "he had been the youngest man 
in the Ohio senate two years before, so now 
he was the youngest general in the army." 
He was with Gen. Buell's army at Shiloh, in 
its operations around Corinth and its march 
through Alabama. He was then detailed as a 
member of the general court-martial for the 
trial of Fitz-John Porter. He was then 
ordered to report to Gen. Rosecrans, and was 
assigned to the chief of staff. The military 
history of Gen. Garfield closed with his brill- 
iant services at Chickamauga, where he won 
the stars of the major-general. 

Without an effort on his part Gen. Gtrfield 
was elected to congress in the fall of 1862 
from the Nineteenth district of Ohio. This 
section of Ohio had been represented in con- 
gress for sixty years mainly by two men — 
Elisha Whittlesey and Joshua R. Giddings. It 
was not without a struggle that he resigned 
his place in the army. At the time he entered 
congress he was the youngest member in that 
body. There he remained by successive re- 
elections until he was elected president in 1 8S0. 

Of his labors in congress Senator Hoar says: 
"Since the year 1864 you cannot think of 
a question which has been debated in congress, 
or discussed before a tribunal of the American 
people, in regard to which you will not find, 
if you wish instruction, the argument on one 
side stated, in almost every instance, better 
than by anybody else, in some speech made in 
the house of representatives or on the hustings 
by Mr. Garfield." 

Upon January 14, 1880, Gen. Garfield was 
elected to the United States senate, and on 
the 8th of June, of the same year, was nom- 
inated as the candidate of his party for presi- 
dent at the great Chicago convention. He was 
elected in the following November, and on 
March 4, 1881, was inaugurated. Probably 
no administration ever opened its existence 
under brighter auspices than that of President 
Garfield, and every day it grew in favor with 
the people, and by the first of July he had 
completed all the initiatory and preliminary 
work of his administration and was preparing 
to leave the city to meet his friends at Will- 
iams college. While on his way and at the 
depot, in company with Secretary Blaine, a 
man stepped behind him, drew a revolver, and 
fired directly at his back. The president 
tottered and fell, and as he did so the assassin 
fired a second shot, the bullet cutting the left 
coat sleeve of his victim, but inflicting no 
further injury. For eighty days, all during 
the hot months of July and August, he lingered 
and suffered. He, however, remained master 
of himself till the last, and by his magnificent 
bearing was teaching the country and the 
world the noblest of human lessons — how to 
live grandly in the very clutch of death. He 
passed serenely away September 19, 1883, at 
Elberon, N. J., on the seashore, where he had 
been taken shortly previous. The murderer 
was tried, found guilty and executed, in one 
year after he committed the foul deed. 





[ESTER A. ARTHUR, twenty-first 
president of the United States, was 
born in Franklin county, Vermont, 
on the 5th of October, 1830, and is 
the oldest of a family of two sons and five 
daughters. His father was the Rev. Dr. 
William Arthur, a Baptist clergyman, who 
emigrated to this country from the county 
Antrim, I reland, in his eighteenth year, and 
died in 1875, in Newtonville, near Albany, N. 
Y. , after a long and successful ministry. 

Young Arthur was educated at Union col- 
lege, Schenectady, N. Y. , where he excelled 
in all his studies. After his graduation, he 
taught school in Vermont for two years, and 
at the expiration of that time went to New 
York, with $500 in his pocket, and entered 
the office of ex-Judge E. D. Culver as student. 
After being admitted to the bar he formed a 
partnership with his intimate friend and room- 
mate, Henry D. Gardiner, with the intention 
of practicidg in the west, and for three months 
they roamed about in the western states in 
search of an eligible site, but in the end re- 
turned to New York, where they entered upon 
a successful career almost from the start. 
Gen. Arthur soon afterward married the daugh- 
ter of Lieut. Herndon, of the United States 
navy, who was lost at sea. Congress voted a 
gold medal to his widow in recognition of the 
bravery he displayed on that occasion. Mrs. 
Arthur died shortly before Mr. Arthur's nomi- 
nation to the vice presidency, leaving two 

Gen. Arthur obtained considerable legal 
celebrity in his first great case, the famous 
Lemmon suit, brought to recover possession of 
eight slaves who had been declared free by 
Judge Paine, of the superior court of New 
York city. It was in 1852 that Jonathan 
Lemmon, of Virginia, went to New York with 
his slaves, intending to ship them to Texas, 
when they were discovered and freed. The 

judge decided that they could not be held by 
the owner under the Fugitive Slave law. A 
howl of rage went up from the south, and the 
Virginia legislature authorized the attorney 
general of that state to assist in an appeal. 
William M. Evarts and Chester A. Arthur 
were employed to represent the people, and 
they won their case, which then went to the 
j supreme court of the United States. Charles 
O' Conor here espoused the cause of the slave 
holders, but he too, was beaten by Messrs. 
Evarts and Arthur, and a long step was taken 
toward the emancipation of the black race. 

Another great service was rendered by 
Gen. Arthur in the same cause in 1856. Liz- 
zie Jennings, a respectable colored woman, 
was put off a Fourth avenue car with violence 
after she had paid her fare. Gen. Arthur sued 
on her behalf, and secured a verdict of $500 
damages. The next day the company issued 
an order to admit colored persons to ride on 
their cars, and the other car companies quickly 
followed their example. Before that the Sixth 
avenue company ran a few special cars for col- 
ored persons and the other lines refused to let 
them ride at all. 

Gen. Arthur was a delegate to the conven- 
tion at Saratoga that founded the republican 
party. Previous to the war he was judge-ad- 
vocate of the Second brigade of the state of 
New York, and Governor Morgan, of that 
state, appointed him engineer-in-chief of his 
staff. In 1 86 1, he was made inspector gen- 
eral, and soon afterward became quartermas- 
ter-general. In each of these offices he ren- 
dered great service to the government during 
the war. At the end of Gov. Morgan's term 
he resumed the practice of the law, forming a 
partnership with Mr. Ransom, and then Mr. 
Phelps, the district attorney of New York, 
was added to the firm. The legal practice of 
this well known firm was very large and lucra- 
tive; each of the gentlemen composing it was 



an able lawyer, and possessed a splendid local 
reputation, if not indeed one of national 

Arthur was appointed collector of the port 
of New York by President Grant, November 
2 1, 1872, to succeed Thomas Murphy, and 
held the office until July 20, 1878, when he 
was succeeded by Collector Merritt. Mr. 
Arthur was nominated on the presidential 
ticket, with Gen. James A. Garfield, at the 
famous national republican convention held at 
Chicago in June, 1880. This was perhaps the 
greatest political convention that ever assem- 
bled on the continent. It was composed of 
the leading politicians of the republican pai'ty, 
all able men, and all stood firm and fought 
vigorously and with signal tenacity for their 
respective candidates that were before the 
convention for the nomination. Finally Gen. 
Garfield received the nomination for president 
and Gen. Arthur for vice-president. The 
campaign which followed was one of the most 
animated known in the history of our country. 
Gen. Hancock, the standard-bearer of the 
democratic party, was a popular man, and his 
party made a valiant fight for his election. 

Finally the election came and the coun- 
try's choice was Garfield and Arthur. They 
were inaugurated March 4, 18S1, as president 
and vice-pi-esident. A few months only had 
passed ere the newly chosen president was the 
victim of the assassin's bullet. The remarka- 
ble patience that Garfield manifested during 
those hours and weeks, and even months, of 
the most terrible suffering man has often been 
called upon to endure, was seemingly more 
than human. It was certainly God-like. 
During all this period of deepest an.xiety Mr. 
Arthur's every move was watched, and be it 
said to his credit, that his every action dis- 
played only an earnest desire that the suffer- 
ing Garfield might recover, to serve the re- 
mainder of the term he had so auspiciously 

begun. Not a selfish feeling was manifested 
in deed or look of this man, even though the 
most honored position in the world was at any 
moment likely to fall to him. 

At last God in his mercy relieved President 
Garfield from further suffering. Then it be- 
came the duty of the vice president to assume 
the responsibilities of the high office, and he 
took the oath in New York, September 20, 
1 88 1. The position was an embarrassing one 
to him, made doubly so from the facts that all 
eyes were on him, anxious to know what he 
would do, what policy he would pursue, and 
whom he would select as advisers. The duties 
of the office had been greatly neglected during 
the president's long illness, and many import- 
ant measures were to be immediately decided 
by him; and still farther to embarrass him he 
did not fail to realize under what circumstances 
he became president, and knew the feelings of 
many on this point. Under these trying cir- 
cumstances President Arthur took the reins of 
the government in his own hands; and, as em- 
barrassing as was the condition of affairs, he 
happily surprised the nation, acting so wisely 
that but few criticised his administration. He 
served until the close of his administration, 
March 4, 1885, and was a popular candidate 
before his party for a second term. His name 
was ably presented before the convention at 
Chicago, and was received with great favor, 
and doubtless but for the personal popularity 

I of one of the opposing candidates, he would 
have been selected as .the standard-bearer of 

I his party for another campaign. He retired 

! to private life carrying with him the best 
wishes of the American people, whom he had 
served in a manner satisfactory to them and 

I with credit to himself. Although not a man 
of the transcendent ability possessed by the 
lamented Garfield, Mr. Arthur was able for 
the emergency he was so unexpectedly called 

1 to fill, and was a worthy successor to his chief. 




•^^^^ the twenty-second and twenty-fourth 
\^J president of the United States, was 
born in 1837, in the obscure town of 
Caldwell, Essex county, N. J., and in a little 
two-and-a-half story white house which is still 
standing, characteristically to mark the hum- 
ble birth-place of one of America's great men 
in striking contrast with the old world, where 
all men high in office must be high in origin 
and born in the cradle of wealth. When three j 
years of age, his father, who was a Presbyte- 
rian minister with a large family and a small 
salary, moved by way ofthe Hudson river and 
Erie canal to Fayetteville in search of an in- 
creased income and a larger field of work. [ 
Fayetteville was then the most straggling of ' 
country villages, about five miles from Pompey s 
Hill, where Gov. Seymour was born. At the 
last mentioned place young Grover commenced ' 
going to school in the "good old-fashioned I 
way," and presumably distinguished himself 
after the manner of all village boys in doing I 
the things he ought not to do. Such is the 
distinguishing trait of all village geniuses and 
independent thinkers. When he arrived at 
the age of fourteen years he had outgrown the 
capacity of the village school and expressed a 
most emphatic desire to be sent to an acad- 
emy. To this his father decidedly objected. 
Academies in those days cost money; besides, 
his father wanted him to become self-support- 
ing by the quickest possible means, and this 
at that time in Fayetteville seemed to be a ' 
position in a country store, where his father 
with the large family on his hands had consid- 
erable influence. Grover was to be paid $50 1 
for his services the first year, and if he proved 
trustworthy he was to receive $100 the second | 
year. Here the lad commenced his career as j 
salesman, and in two years he had earned so 
good a reputation for trustworthiness that his 
employers desired to retain him longer. 

But instead of remaining with this firm in 
Fayetteville, he went with the family in their 
removal to Clinton, where he had an oppor- 
tunity of attending a high school. Here he 
industriously pursued his studies until the 
family removed with him to a point on Black 
river known as the Holland Patent, a village 
of 500 or 600 people, fifteen miles north of 
Utica, N. Y. At this place his father died, 
after preaching but three Sundays. This 
event broke up the family, and Grover set out 
for New York city to accept, at a small salary, 
the position of " under-teacher " in an asjlum 
for the blind. He taught faithfully for two 
years, and although he obtained a good repu- 
tation in this capacity, he concluded that 
teaching was not his calling for life, and, re- 
versing the traditional order, he left the city to 
seek his fortune, instead of going to a city. 
He first thought of going to Cleveland, Ohio, 
as there was some charm in that name for him; 
but before proceeding to that place he went to 
Buffalo to ask the advice of his uncle, Lewis 
F. Allan, a noted stock breeder of that place. 
After a long consultation, his uncle offered 
him a place temporarily as assistant herdkeeper 
at $50 a year, while he could "look around." 
One day afterwards he boldly walked into the 
office of Rogers, Bowers & Rogers of Buffalo, 
and told them what he wanted, A number of 
young men were already engaged in the office, 
but Grover's persistency won, and he was fin- 
ally permitted to come as an office boy and 
have the use of the law library for the nomi- 
nal sum of $3 or $4 a week. Out of this he 
had to pay for his board and washing. The 
walk to and from his uncle's was a long and 
rugged one; and, although the first winter was 
a memorably severe one, yet he was neverthe- 
less prompt and regular. On the first day of 
his service there, his senior employer threw 
dcwn a copy of' Blackstone before him with a 
bang that made the dust fiy, saying, "That's 



where they all begin." A titter ran around 
the little circle of clerks and students, as they 
thought that was enough to scare young Gro- 
ver out of his plans; but in due time he mas- 
tered that cumbersome volume. Then, as 
ever afterward, however, Mr. Cleveland exhib- 
ited a talent for executiveness rather than for 
chasing principles through all their metaphysi- 
cal possibilities. "Let us quit talking and go 
and do it," was practically his motto. 

The first public office to which Mr. Cleve- 
land was elected was that of sheriff of Erie 
county, N. Y., in which Buffalo is situated; 
and in such capacity it fell to his duty to in- 
flict capital punishment upon two criminals. 
In 1 88 1 he was elected mayor of the city of 
Buffalo on the democratic ticket, with especial 
reference to the bringing about certain reforms 
in the administration of the municipal affairs 
of that city. In this office, as well as that of 
sherifT, his performance of duty has generally 
been considered fair, with possibly a few ex- 
ceptions, which were ferreted out and magni- 
fied during the last presidential campaign. As 
a specimen of his plain language in a veto 
message, we quote from one vetoing an iniqui- 
tous street. cleaning contract: "This is a time 
for plain speech, and my objection to your 
action shall be plainly stated. I regard it as 
the culmination of a most bare-faced, impu- 
dent and shameless scheme to betray the in- 
terests of the people and to worse than squan- 
der the people's money." The New York Sun 
afterward very highly commended Mr. Cleve- 
land's administration as mayor of Buffalo, and 
thereupon recommended him for governor of 
the Empire state. To the latter office he was 
elected in 1882, and his administration of the 
affairs of state was generally satisfactory. The 
mistakes he made, if any, were made very 
public throughout the nation after he was nomi- 
nated for president of the United States. For 
this high office he was nominated July i i , 

1884, by the national democratic convention 
at Chicago, when other competitors were 
Thomas F. Bayard, Roswell P. Flower, Thomas 
A. Hendricks, Benjamin F. Butler, Allen G. 
Thurman, etc. ; and he was elected by the 
people by a majority of about a thousand over 
the brilliant and long-tried James G. Blaine. 
President Cleveland resigned his office as gov- 
ernor of New York in January, 1885, in order 
to prepare for his duties as the chief executive 
of the United States, in which capacity his term 
commenced at noon on the 4th of March, 1885. 
For his cabinet officers he selected the follow- 
ing gentlemen: For secretary of state, Thomas 
F. Bayard, of Delaware; secretary of the 
treasury, Daniel Manning, of New York; sec- 
retary of war, William C. Endicott, of Massa- 
chusetts; secretary of the navy, "William C. 
Whitney, of New York; secretary of the inte- 
rior, L. O. C. Lamar, of Mississippi; post- 
master-general, Wm. F. Vilas, of Wisconsin; 
attorney-general, A. H. Garland, of Arkansas. 
In November, 1892, Mr. Cleveland was re- 
elected to the presidency by the democratic 
party, the candidate of the republican party 
being their ex-chief, Benjamin Harrison, a 
sketch of whom follows this. The popular 
vote on this occasion stood: Cleveland, 5,556,- 
562; Harrison, 5,162,874; the electoral vote 
was 277 for Cleveland, and 145 for Harrison. 
During the early part of his first administra- 
tion, Mr. Cleveland was married to Miss 
Frances Folsom of Buffalo, N. Y. , and in Oc- 
tober, 1 89 1, a daughter, Ruth, came to bless 
the union, and later a second daughter was 
born. The first act of Mr. Cleveland, on tak- 
ing his seat for his second term, was to convene 
congress in extra session for the purpose of re- 
pealing the Sherman silver bill, and accordingly 
that body met September 4, 1893, and both 
houses being democratic, the bill, in accord- 
ance with the recommendation of the presi- 
dent, was unconditionally repealed. 





^V^ ENJAMIN HARRISON, the twenty- 
mf^ third president, is the descendant of 
J^ P one of the historical families of this 
country. The head of the family 
was a Major General Harrison, one of Oliver 
Cromwell's trusted followers and fighters. In 
the zenith of Cromwell's power it became the 
duty of this Harrison to participate in the 
trial of Charles I, and afterward to sign the 
death warrant of the king. He subsequently 
paid for this with his life, being hung October 
13, 1660. His descendants came to America, 
and the next of the family that appears in his- 
tory is Benjamin Harrison, of Virginia, great- 
grandfather of the subject of this sketch, and 
after whom he was named. Benjamin Har- 
rison was a member of the continental con- 
gress during the years 1774-5-6, and was one 
of the original signers of the Declaration of 
Independence. He was three times elected 
governor of Virginia. 

Gen. William Henry Harrison, the son of 
the distinguished patriot of the Revolution, 
after a successful career as a soldier during the 
war of 1812, and with a clean record as gov- 
ernor of the Northwestern territory, was 
elected president of the United States in 1840. 
His career was cut short by death in one 
month after his inauguration. 

President Benjamin Harrison was born at 
North Bend, Hamilton county, Ohio, August 
20, 1833. His life up to the time of his grad- 
uation by the Miami university, at Oxford, 
Ohio, was the uneventful one of a country lad 
' of a family of small means. His father was 
I able to give him a good education, and nothing 
; more. He became engaged while at college 
to the daughter of Dr. Scott, princioal of a 
K female school at Oxford. After graduating, 
he determined to enter upon the study of the 
law. He went to Cincinnati and there read 
law for two years. At the expiration of that 
time young Harrison received the only inher- 

itance of his life; his aunt, dying, left him a 
lot valued at $800. He regarded this legacy 
as a fortune, and decided to get married at 
once, take this money and go to some eastern 
town and begin the practice of law. He sold 
his lot, and with the money in his pocket, he 
started out with his young wife to fight for a 
place in the world. He decided to go to 
Indianapolis, which was even at that time a 
town of promise. He met with slight encour- 
agement at first, making scarcely anything the 
first year. He worked diligently, applying 
himself closely to his calling, built up an ex- 
tensive practice and took a leading rank in the 
legal profession. He is the f ather of two 

In i860 Mr. Harrison was nominated for 
the position of supreme court reporter, and 
then began his experience as a stump speaker. 
He canvassed the state thoroughly, and was 
elected by a handsome majority. In 1862 he 
raised the Seventeenth Indiana infantry, and 
was chosen its colonel. His regiment was 
composed of the rawest of material, but Col. 
Harrison employed all his time at first master- 
ing military tactics and drilling his men; when 
he therefore came to move toward the east 
with Sherman his regiment was one of the 
best drilled and organized in the army. At 
Resaca he especially distinguished himself, 
and for his braverp at Peachtree Creek he was 
made a brigadier general. Gen. Hooker speak- 
ing of him in the most complimentary terms. 
During the absence of Gen. Harrison in 

I the field the supreme court declared the office 
of the supreme court reporter vacant, and 
another person was elected to the position. 

I From the time of leaving Indiana with his 
regiment until the fall of 1864 he had taken 

I no leave of absence, but having been nomi- 
nated that year for the same office, he got a 

\ thirty-day leave of absence, and during that 

I time made a brilliant canvass of the state, and 



was elected for another term. He then started 
to rejoin Sherman, but on the way was 
stricken down with scarlet fever, and after a 
most trying siege made his way to the front in 
time to participate in the closing incidents of 
the war. 

In 1868 Gen. Harrison declined a re-elec- 
tion as reporter, and resumed the practice of 
law. In 1876 he was a candidate for governor. 
Although defeated, the brilliant campaign he 
made won for him a national reputation, and 
he was much sought, especially in the east, to 
make speeches. In 1880, as usual, he took 
an active part in the campaign, and was 
elected to the United States senate. Here he 
served six years, and was known as one of the 
ablest men, best lawyers and strongest de- 
baters in that body. With the expiration of 
his senatorial term he returned to the practice 
of his profession, becoming the head of one of 
the strongest firms in the state of Indiana. 

The political campaign of 1888 was one of 
the most memorable in the history of our coun- 
try. The convention, which assembled in 
Chicago in June and named Mr. Harrison as 
the chief standard bearer of the republican 
party, was great in every particular, and on 
this account, and the attitude it assumed upon 
the vital questions of the day, chief among 
which was the tariff, awoke a deep interest in 
the campaign throughout the nation. Shortly 
after the nomination delegations began to visit 
Mr. Harrison at Indianapolis, his home. This 
movement became popular, and from all sec- 
tions of the country societies, clubs and dele- 

gations journeyed thither to pay their respects 
to the distinguished statesman. The popu- 
larity of these was greatly increased on ac- 
count of the remarkable speeches made by 
Mr. Harrison. He spoke daily all through the 
summer and autumn to these visiting delega- 
tions, and so varied, masterly and eloquent 
were his speeches that they at once placed 
him in the foremost rank of American orators 
and statesmen. On account of his eloquence 
as a speaker and his his power as a debater, 
he was called upon at an uncommonly early 
age to take part in the discussion of the great 
questions that then began to agitate the coun- 
try. He was an uncompromising anti-slavery 
man, and was matched against some of the 
most eminent democratic speakers of his state. 
No man who felt the touch of his blade de- 
sired to be pitted with him again. With all 
his eloquence as an orator he never spoke for 
oratorical effect, but his words always went 
like bullets to the mark. He is purely Ameri- 
can in his ideas and is a splendid tj'pe of the 
American statesman. Gifted with quick per- 
ception, a logical mind and a ready tongue, he 
is one of the most distinguished impromptu 
speakers in the nation. Original in thought, 
precise in logic, terse in statement, yet withal 
faultless in eloquence, he is recognized as the 
sound statesman and brilliant orator of the 
day. His term of office as president of the 
United States expired on March 4, 1893, when 
he surrendered the high position to Stephen 
Grover Cleveland, allusion to which fact is 
made on a preceding page. 



AND . . 



HRTHUR ST. CLAIR, one of the most 
noted characters of our early colonial 
days, was a native of Scotland, being 
born at Edinburg, in 1735. Beconri- 
ing a surgeon in the British army, he subse- 
quently crossed the Atlantic with his regiment 
and thenceforward was identified with the 
history of this country until the day of his 
death. Serving as a lieutenant with Wolfe in 
the memorable campaign against Quebec, St. 
Clair won sufficient reputation to obtain ap- 
pointment as commander of Fort Ligonier, Pa. , 
where a large tract of land was granted to him. 
During the Revolutionary war he espoused the 
colonial cause, and before its close had risen 
to the rank of major general. In 1785 he was 
elected a delegate to the Continental congress 
and afterward became its president. After the 
passage of the ordinance of 1787, St. Clair 
was appointed first military governor of the 
Northwest territory, with headquarters at Fort 
Washington, now Cincinnati. In 1791 he 
undertook an expedition against the north- 
western Indians, which resulted in the great 
disaster known in western history as "St. 
Clair's defeat." On November 4 the Indians 
surprised and routed his whole force of about 
1,400 regulars and militia, in what is now 
Darke county, Ohio, killing over 900 men and 
capturing his artillery and camp equipage. 

Gen. St. Clair held the office of territorial 
governor until 1802, when he was removed by 
President Jefferson. He returned to Ligonier, 
Pa., poor, aged and infirm. The state granted 
him an annuity which enabled him to pass the 
last years of his life in comfort. He died near 
Greensburgh, Pa., August 31, 181 8, leaving a 
family of one son and three daughters. 


(territorial) governor of Indiana, and 
ninth President of the United States, 
was a native of Virginia, born in 
the town of Berkeley, Charles City county, 
February 9, 1773, [See presidential sketch.] 

HOMAS POSEY, the last governor of 
Indiana territory, was born near Alex- 
andria, Va., on the 9th day of July, 
1750. His educational training was 
limited, being confined to the branches taught 
in the different schools of those days. In 
1774 he took part in the expedition originated 
by Gov. Dunmore, of Virginia, against the 
Indians, and was present at the battle of 
Mount Pleasant. At the close of the war Mr. 



Posey went back to his home in Virginia, but 
did not long pursue his peaceful vocations, 
being called upon, the following year, to take 
the part of the colonies in their struggle for 
liberty against the mother country. He par- 
ticipated in the battle of Bemis Heights, as 
captain in Col. Morgan's command; in 1779 
was colonel of the Eleventh Virginia regiment, 
and afterward commanded a battery under 
Gen. Wayne. He bore a gallant part in the 
storming of Stony Point, was at the capitula- 
tion of Cornwallis at Yorktown, and continued 
in the service some time after peace was 
declared. In 1793, he was appointed brigadier 
general in the army of the Northwest, and, 
being pleased with the appearance of the 
country, settled in Kentucky not long after. 
In that state he was a member of the state 
senate, being president of the body from 
November 4, 1805, to November 3, 1806, per- 
forming the duties of lieutenant governor at 
the same time. He removed to Louisiana in 
1 812, and afterward represented the state in 
the senate of the United States. While a 
resident of Louisiana he was appointed gov- 
ernor of Indiana territory, by President Mad- 
ison, and in May, 18 13, he moved to Vin- 
cennes, and entered upon the discharge of his 
official duties. When his term as governor 
expired by reason of the admission of Indiana 
into the Union, Col. Posey was appointed 
Indian agent for Illinois territory, with head- 
quarters at Shawneetown, where his death 
occurred March 19, 1818. 

>Y'0NATHAN JENNINGS, the first gov- 

J ernor of Indiana, was born in Hunter- 

/H V don county, N. J., in the year 1784. 

His father, a Presbyterian clergyman, 

moved to Pennsylvania shortly after Johna- 

than's birth, in which state the future gov- 
ernor received his early educational training 
and grew to manhood. He early began train- 
ing himself for the legal profession, but before 
his admission to the bar he left Pennsylvania 
and located at Jeffersonville, Ind., where he 
completed his preparatory study of the law, 
and became a practitioner in the courts of 
that and other towns in the territory. He 
was subsequently made clerk in the territorial 
legislature, and while discharging the duties 
of that position became a candidate for con- 
gress, against Thomas Randolph, attorney 
general of the territory. The contest between 
the two was exciting and bitter, the principal 
question at issue being slavery, which Mr. 
Randolph opposed, while his competitor was 
a firm believer in the divine right of the insti- 
tution. Jennings was elected by a small 
majority. He was re-elected in 181 1, over 
Walter Taylor, and in 181 3 was chosen the 
third time, his competitor in the last race 
being Judge Sparks, a very worthy and popular 
man. Early in 18 16, Mr. Jennings reported a 
bill to congress, enabling the people of the 
territory to take the necessary steps to convert 
it into a state. Delegates to a convention to 
form a state constitution were elected in May, 
1S16, Mr. Jennings being chosen one from the 
county of Clark. He was honored by being 
chosen to preside over this convention, and in 
the election which followed he was elected 
governor of the new state by a majority of 
1,277 votes over his competitor, Gov. Posey. 
In this office he served six years, also acting 
as Indian commissioner in 1818 by appoint- 
ment of President Monroe. At the close of 
his term as governor, he was elected as repre- 
sentative in congress, and was chosen for four 
terms in succession. He was nearly always 
in public life and filled his places acceptably. 
He died near Charleston, July 26, 1834. 



,V^ ATLIFF BOON, who became gov- 
I /^T ernor of Indiana upon the resignation 
J , P of Jonathan Jennings, September 12, 
1 822, was born in the state of Georgia 
January 18, 1781. When he was young his 
father emigrated to Kentucky, setthng in War- 
ren county. Rathff Boon learned the gun- 
smith trade in Danville, Ky. , and in 1809 
came to Indiana and settled on the present 
site of Boonville, in what is now Warrfck 
county. In the organization of this county 
he took a prominent part, was elected its first 
treasurer, in the session of 18 16-17 he was a 
member of the house of representatives, and 
in 1818 was elected to the state senate. In 
1 8 19 he was elected lieutenant governor on 
the ticket with Jonathan Jennings, whom he 
succeed, as stated above. He was re-elected 
to the office of lieutenant governor in 1822, 
but resigned that office in 1824, to become a 
candidate for congress, to which he was elected 
in August of the same year. He was re-elected 
in 1829-1831-1833-183S and 1837, serving 
most of the time as chairman of the com- 
mittee of public lands. In 1836 he was a 
candidate for United States senator, but was 
defeated by Oliver H. Smith. His congres- 
sional career ended March, 1839, and a few 
months afterward he removed to Missouri, 
settling in Pike county. In that state Gov. 
Boon became active in public affairs, and was 
one of the leading men of the state. Placing 
himself in antagonism to Col. Thomas H. 
Benton, who then controlled the politics of 
Missouri, he incurred the latter's deadly 
enmity. He again became a candidate for 
congress in 1844, but his death on November 
20th of that year put an end to his earthly 
career. Mr. Boon was a pioneer of two states 
and left the impress of his character upon 


ILLIAM HENDRICKS, governor of 
Indiana from 1822 to 1825, was 
born at Ligonier, Westmoreland 
county, Pa., in 1783. His parents 
were Abraham and Ann (Jamison) Hendricks, 
descendants from old families of New Jersey. 
William Hendricks was educated at Cannons- 
burg, Pa., and shortly after his graduation, in 
1 8 10, went to Cincinnati, Ohio, where he 
studied law in the office of Mr. Carry, sup- 
porting himself in the meantime by teaching 
school. In i8i4he removed to Indiana, and 
located at Madison, which continued to be his 
home during the rest of his life. He began 
the practice of law at Madison, where he was 
also identified with journalism for some time, 
and shortly after his removal to the state he 
was made secretary of the territorial legisla- 
ture at Vincennes. In June, 18 16, he was 
appointed secretary of the constitutional con- 
vention, and in August of the same year was 
elected as the first and sole representative to 
congress from the newly created state, serving 
three successive terms. He discharged the 
duties of his high position with so much 
acceptability that at the end of his third term, 
1822, he was elected governor of the state 
without opposition. Before the expiration of 
his term as governor, the legislature elected 
him a senator of the United States, and on 
February 12, 1825, he filed his resignation as 
governor. In 1831 he was re-elected, and at 
the expiration of this term, in 1837, he retired 
to private life and never afterward took upon 
himself the cares of public office. In 1840 
he was one of the state electors on the Van 
Buren ticket, and it was during the campaign 
of that year that he contracted a disease from 
which he suffered the remainder of his life. 
Gov. Hendricks was a man of imposing ap- 
pearance. He was six feet in height, hand- 


some in face and figure, and had a ruddy com- 
plexion. He was easy in manner, genial and 
kind in disposition, and was a man who at- 
tracted the attention of all and won the warm 
friendship of many. He was brought up in 
the Presbyterian faith, early united with that 
church, and lived a consistent, earnest, chris- 
tian life. The Indiana Gazette of 1850 has 
the following mention of him: "Gov. Hen- 
dricks was for many years by far the most 
popular man in the state. He had been its 
sole representative in congress for six years, 
elected on each occasion by large majorities, 
and no member of that body, probably, was 
more attentive to the interests of the state he 
represented, or more industrious in arranging 
all the private or local business intrusted to 
him. He left no letter unanswered, no public 
office or document did he fail to visit or 
examine on request; with personal manners 
very engaging, he long retained his popu- 
larity." He died May 16, 1850. 

>rr*AMES BROWN RAY, governor of Indi- 
M ana, was born in Jefferson county, Ky. , 
^J February 19, 179).. Early in life he 
went to Cincinnati, Ohio, and after 
studying law in that city he was admitted to 
the the bar. He began the practice at Brook- 
ville, Ind., where he soon ranked among the 
ablest and most influential of an able and 
ambitious bar. 

In 1822 he was elected to the legislature. 
On the 30th of January, 1824, Lieut. Gov. Rat- 
liff Boon resigned his office, and Mr. Ray was 
elected president pro tempore of the senate, 
and presided during the remainder of the ses- 
sion. He was governor of the state from 1825 
to 1 83 1, and during this time was appointed 
United States commissioner with Lewis Cass 
and John Tipton, to negotiate a treaty with 

the Miami and Pottawatomie Indians. The 
constitution of the state prevented the gov- 
ernor from holding an office under the United 
States government, in consequence of which 
he became involved in a controversy. He 
remembered the difficulty Jonathan Jennings 
had encountered under like circumstances, and 
sought to avoid trouble by acting without a 
regular commission, but his precaution did not 
save him from trouble. Through his exertions 
the Indians gave land to aid in building a road 
from Lake Michigan to the Ohio river. Gov. 
Ray was active in promoting railroad concen- 
tration in Indianapolis, and took an active 
part in the internal improvement of the state. 
At the expiration of his term of office he 
resumed the practice of law, and in 1837 was 
candidate for congress in the Indianapolis dis- 
trict, but was defeated by a large majority. 
This want of appreciation by the public soured 
him, and in later years he became very eccen- 
tric. In 1848, while at Cincinnati, he was 
taken -with the cholera, which terminated in 
his death, August 4, of that year. In person 
Gov. Ray, in his younger days, was very pre- 
possessing He was tall and straight, with a 
body well proportioned. He wore his hair 
long and tied in a queue. His forehead was 
broad and high, and his features denoted intel- 
ligence of high order. For many years he was 
a leading man of Indiana, and no full history 
of the state can be written without a mention 
of his name. 

^>^^ OAH NOBLE, fourth governor of 
I ■ Indiana, was born in Clark county, 
I ^ Va. , January 15, 1794. When a 
small boy he was taken by his parents 
to Kentucky, in which state he grew to man- 
hood. About the time Indiana was admitted 
into the Union, Mr. Noble came to the state 



and located at Brookville, where, a few years 
later, he was elected sheriff of Franklin county. 
In 1824 he was chosen a representative to the 
state legislature from Franklin county, in 
which body he soon became quite popular and 
gained a state reputation. In 1826 he was 
appointed receiver of public moneys to suc- 
ceed his brother, Lazarus Noble, who died 
while moving the office from Brookville to 
Indianapolis, in which capacity he continued 
with great acceptability until his removal, in 
1829, by President Jackson. In 1830 he was 
appointed one of the commissioners to locate 
and layout the Michigan road. In 1831 he 
was a candidate for governor, and although a 
whig, and the democracy had a large majority 
in the state, he was elected by a majority of 
2,791. This was remarkable, for Milton Stapp, 
also a whig, was a candidate, and polled 4,422 
votes. In I834 Gov. Noble was a candidate 
for re-election, when he was also successful, 
defeating his competitor, James G. Reed, by 
7,662 votes. In 1839, after his gubernatorial 
term had expired, he was elected a member of 
the board of internal improvements. In 1841 
he was chosen a fund commissioner, and the 
same year was effered by the president of the 
United States the office of general land com- 
missioner, which he declined. Gov. Noble 
died at his home, near Indianapolis, February 
8, 1844. Gov. Noble had a laudable ambition 
to go to the United States senate, and in 1836 
was a candidate to succeed William Hen- 
dricks, but was defeated by Oliver H. Smith. 
In 1839 he was again a candidate to succeed 
Gen. John Tipton, but was defeated by Albert 
S. White on the thirty-sixth ballot. Oliver H. 
Smith says that Gov. Noble "was one of the 
most popular men with the masses of the state. 
His person was tall and slim, and his consti- 
tution delicate, his smile winning, his voice 
feeble, and the pressure of his hand irresisti- 
ble. He spoke plainly and well, but made no 

pretense to oratory. As governor he was very 
popular, and his social entertainments will 
long be remembered." 

5>^ AVID WALLACE, governor of Indi- 
I I ana from 1837 to 1840, was a native 
^^_^ of Mifflin county. Pa., born April 24, 
1799. He removed with his father 
to Brookville, Ind., when quite young, and in 
early manhood began the study of law in the 
office of Miles Eggleston, a distinguished jurist 
of that day. In 1823 he was admitted to the 
bar and soon obtained a large practice. He 
served in the legislature from 1828 to 1830, 
and in 1831 was elected lieutenant governor 
of Indiana, and re-elected in 1834. In 1837 
he was elected governor over John Dumont, 
an able and distinguished lawyer, who lived at 
Vevay, on the southern border of the state. 
During his periods of service as legislator and 
lieutenant governor, he was active as an advo- 
cate of internal improvements and in estab- 
lishing a school system, and he was elected 
governor upon those issues. 

In 1 84 1 he was elected to congress from 
the Indianapolis district, defeating Col. Nathan 
B. Palmer. As a member of the committee 
on commerce, he gave the casting vote in favor 
an appropriation to develop Col. S. T. B. 
Morse's magnetic telegraph, which vote had 
great weight in defeating him for re-election in 
1843. At the expiration of his term in con- 
gress he resumed the practice of law, which he 
continued uninterruptedly until 1850, when he 
was elected a delegate to the constitutional 
convention from the county of Marion. In 
1856 he was elected judge of the court of com- 
mon pleas, which position he held until his 
death, on the 4th of September, 1859. Gov. 
Wallace was twice married. His first wife was 
a daughter of John Test, and his second a 



daughter of John H. Sanders. The latter still 
lives and is prominent in reformatory and 
religious work. When a young man, Gov. 
Wallace had a well proportioned body, but in 
his later years its symmetry was marred by an 
undue amount of flesh. He h9.d black hair, 
dark eyes, and a ruddy complexion. He was 
cultured and well bred, his address was good 
and his manners unexceptionable. He was a 
laborious and impartial jurist, a painstaking 
executive, and as an orator had few equals in 
the nation. 

^~V*AMUEL BIGGER, who succeeded 
•^^^T David Wallace as governor of Indi- 

k^^ ana, was born in Warren county, 
Ohio, March 20, 1802, and was the 
eldest son of John Bigger, a western pioneer, 
and for many years a member of the Ohio leg- 
islature. He was prepared for college in his 
own neighborhood, graduated with honors from 
the university at Athens, and afterward began 
the study of law. In 1829 he removed to Lib- 
erty, Ind,, where he was duly admitted to the 
bar, and soon secured a lucrative practice. He 
remained at Liberty but a short time, remov- 
ing thence to Rushville, where his public life 
began in 1834 as representative of Rush coun- 
ty in the state legislature. He was re-elected 
in 1835, and shortly after the expiration of his 
term was chosen judge of the eastern circuit, 
a position for which he proved himself ably 
qualified, and which he held in an acceptable 
manner for many years. In 1 840 he was nomi- 
nated for governor by the whig state conven- 
tion, and after an exciting race was elected, 
defeating Gen. Tilghman A. Howard. He was 
a candidate for re-election in 1843, but was 
defeated by James Whitcomb. After the ex- 
piration of his gubernatorial term. Gov. Big- 
ger moved to Fort Wayne, Ind., and resumed 
the practice of law, which he continued until 

his death, September 9, 1845. "Gov. Bigger 
possessed talents of a high order, rather sub- 
stantial than brilliant. His judgment was 
remarkably sound, dispassionate and discrimi- 
nating, and it was this chiefly that made him 
eminently a leader in every circle in which he 
moved, whether in political life, at the bar, or 
society at large." He was a man of fine form 
and presence He was six feet two inches in 
height and weighed 240 pounds. His hair was 
black, his eyes a blue hazel, and his complex- 
ion dark. The expression of his face was kind 
and benignant, and denoted goodness of heart. 
He was a patriotic citizen, an incorruptible 
judge, and an executive officer of very respec- 
table ability. 

>^AMES WHITCOMB was born near 
J Windsor, Vt., December i, 1795. His 
m J father removed to Ohio, and settled 
near Cincinnati, when James was quite 
young, and it was there upon a farm that the 
youthful years of the future governor and 
senator were passed. He received a classical 
education at Transylvania university, subse- 
quently studied law, and in March, 1822, was 
admitted to the bar in Lexington, Fayette 
county, Ky. Two years later he came to Indi- 
ana and located at Bloomington, where he soon 
became known as an able advocate and suc- 
cessful practitioner. In 1826 he was appointed 
prosecuting attorney of his circuit, and in the 
discharge of the duties of this office traveled 
over a large scope of country and became 
acquainted with many leading men of the state. 
In 1830 and 1836 he was elected to the state 
senate, where he did much to stay the progress 
of the internal improvement fever which was 
then at its highest point. In October, 1836, 
President Jackson appointed Mr. Whitcomb 
commissioner of the general land office, to 


which he was reappointed by President Van 
Buren, and served as such until the expiration 
of the latter's term of office. Early in 1841 
he returned to Indiana and resumed the prac- 
tice of law in Terre Haute, where he soon 
acquired a large and lucrative business. He 
was at that time one of the best known and 
most popular members of his party, and at the 
democratic state convention of 1843, he was 
nominated for governor of the state. His op- 
ponent was Samuel Bigger, whom he defeated 
by a majority of 2,013 votes. Three years 
afterward he was re-elected, beating Joseph G. 
Marshall, the whig candidate, by 3,958 votes. 
When he became governor he found the state 
loaded down with debt, upon which no inter- 
est had been paid for years, but when he left 
the office the debt was adjusted and the state's 
credit restored. He also, by his efforts, crea- 
ted a public sentiment that demanded the 
establishment of benevolent and reformatory 
institutions, and he awakened the people to 
the importance of establishing common schools 
and providing a fund for their maintenance. 
During his term of office he raised five reg- 
iments of infantry that represented the state 
in the war wfth Mexico. The legislature of 
1849 elected Gov. Whitcomb to the senate of 
the United States, for which high position he 
was well qualified by talent, by education and 
by experience. Owing to feeble health he 
was unable to discharge his senatorial duties 
as he wished, and he died from a painful dis- 
ease when he had served little more than half 
the term. In 1843 he wrote a pamphlet 
entitled, "Facts for the People," the most 
effective treatise against protective tariff ever 
known. As a lawyer, Mr. Whitcomb ranked 
among the ablest in the country, and as gov- 
ernor will always be remembered as one of the 
ablest of the distinguished men who have 
occupied that position. Gov. Whitcomb was 
compactly and strongly built; he was some- 

what above the average size of man; he had a 
dark complexion and black hair. His features 
were good and expressive, and his manners the 
most elegant. He was a talented and an 
honest man, and when the roll of Indiana's 
great men is made up, among the first in the 
list will be the name of Whitcomb. 

,>^ ARIS C. DUNNING was born in Guil- 
1 m ford county, N. C., in March, 1806, 
^ but emigrated to Indiana with his 

mother and elder brother, and located 
at Bloomington in 1823. He studied law and 
was admitted to practice about 1830. In 1833 
he was elected to represent Monroe county in 
the state legislature, and was three times 
re-elected. In 1836 he was elected to the 
state senate from Monroe and Brown counties, 
and remained there until 1840, when he vol- 
untarily retired. He was chosen as a demo- 
cratic presidential elector in 1 844, and during 
the campaign exhibited extraordinary energy 
and ability as a public speaker. In 1846 he 
was elected lieutenant governor on the demo- 
cratic ticket, and when Gov. Whitcomb was 
elected to the United States senate, Mr. Dun- 
ning succeeded him as governor. After his 
retirement in 1850, he practiced his profession 
for many years, having meantime declined a 
nomination for congress. In 1 860 he was a 
delegate to the Charleston and Baltimore 
national conventions, where he distinguished 
himself as an earhest advocate of Stephen A. 
Douglas, and subsequently worked assiduously 
for that statesman's election to the presidency. 
At the breaking out of the rebellion in 1861, 
Mr. Dunning identified himself with the Union 
cause, and throughout the war rendered val- 
iant aid to the country. In 1861 he was 
elected to the state senate without distinction 
of party. Subsequently he was elected twice 
as president of the senate. Goveror Dunning 


was twice married, first to Miss Sarah Alex- 
ander, and the second time to Mrs. Ellen D. 
Ashford. Ex-Gov. Dunning takes high rank 
as one of the self-made men of Indiana, and 
he filled the many positions of honor and trust 
conferred upon him with great credit to him- 
self and to the entire satisfaction of the cit- 
izens of Indiana. 

>j*OSEPH A. WRIGHT, for seven years 
m governor of Indiana, was born in Wash- 
/»! ington, Pa, April 17, 1810. In 1819 
his family moved to Bloomington, 
Ind., where he and his two brothers assisted 
their father at work in a brickyard, and in the 
brick business generally. In 1822 his father 
died and he, then fourteen years of age, hav- 
ing but little if any aid from others, was left 
entirely upon his own resources. He attended 
school, and college about two years, and while 
at college was janitor, rang the bell and took 
care of the buildings. It is said that what 
little pocket money he had was made by gath- 
ering walnuts and hickory nuts in the fall and 
selling them to students in the winter. He 
subsequently studied law with Craven P. Hes- 
ter, of Bloomington, and began the practice of 
his profession, in 1829, at Rockville, Park 
county, where he met with good success from 
the start. In 1833 he was elected to the state 
legislature, and in 1840, the year of the Har- 
rison political tornado, was chosen a member 
of the state senate. He was also elected dis- 
trict attorney for two terms in 1836 and 1837, 
and later was appointed by President Polk 
United States commissioner to Texas. In 
1843 he was elected to congress from the 
Seventh district, over Edward McGaughey, by 
three majority, and served until Polk was in- 
augurated, March 4, 1845. In 1849 he was 
elected governor of Indiana, under the old 
constitution, and in 1852 was re-elected by 

over 20,000 majority^ and served until 1857. 
In the summer of the latter year he was 
appointed minister to Prussia, by James 
Buchanan, and as such served until 1861. In 
1862 he was appointed by Gov. Morton United 
States senator, and sat in the senate until the 
next January. He was appointed commis- 
sioner to the Hamburg exposition in 1863, 
and in 1865 went again to Prussia as United 
States minister, and remained there until his 
death, which occurred at Berlin March 11, 
1867. Gov. Wright will be best remembered 
as governor of Indiana, his services in the 
general assembly, aenate and congress being 
too brief for him to make much impression in 
any of those bodies. 

As governor, he was an important factor 
in shaping legislation and molding public 
opinion. He was an orthodox democrat of 
the straightest sect, stood high in the councils 
of his party, and contested with Jesse D. 
Bright for the leadership, but without success. 
He was strong with the people but weak with 
the leaders. In personal appearance Gov. 
Wright was tall and raw-boned. He had a 
large head and an unusually high forehead. 
His hair was light and thin his eyes blue, and 
his nose and mouth large and prominent. He 
was an effective speaker, mainly on account 
of his earnestness and simplicity. While not 
the greatest man in the state, he was one of 
the most influential; and to his honor be it 
said, his influence was exercised for the public 
good. Economy and honesty in public life, 
and morality and religion in private station, 
had in him an advocate and an examplar. 

born October 31, 1820, at Vernon, 
Oneida county, N. Y, , the son of 
Col. Erastus Willard, at one time 
sheriff of Onedia county. He pursued his pre- 


paratory studies in the Oneida Liberal insti- 
tute, and when eighteen years of age entered 
Hamilton college in the class of 1842. After 
graduating from that institution he studied 
law for some time with Judge Baker, of his 
native county, and later emigrated to Michi- 
gan, locating in the town of Marshall, where 
he remained for over a year. He then made 
a trip to Texas on horseback, and on his 
return stopped at Carrollton, Ky. , and there 
taught school. After this he taught for some 
time at Louisville, but subsequently left the 
school room for the political arena. In the 
contest for the presidency in 1844, between 
Clay and Polk, young Willard began stumping 
for the latter, and during the campaign made 
a speech in New Albany, Ind., which made 
such a favorable impression that many of the 
first men of the town solicited him to come 
and settle among them. He soon afterward 
located in New Albany which place remained 
his home nntil his death. He at once opened 
a law office, but was compelled to encounter a 
very able bar, in consequence of which his 
practice for some time was by no means lucra- 
tive. The first office he held was that of com- 
mon councilman. He took pride in the place 
and won the good opinion of the people irre- 
spective of party. In 1850 he was elected to 
the state legislature, and from that time until 
his death he occupied a conspicuous place in 
the public mind. Such was his career in the 
legislature that when the democratic conven- 
tion of 1852 convened the delegates were met 
by an overwhelming public sentiment demand- 
ing the nomination of Willard for lieutenant 
governor. The demand was recognized and 
the nomination made. He filled this office 
until 1856, when he was elected governor, 
after a very bitter and e.xciting political con- 
test. In the summer of i860 his health gave 
way, and he went to Minnesota in quest of 
health, which he did not find, but died there 

on October 4th of that year. Gov. Willard 
was the first governor of Indiana to die in 
office. The people, without respect to party, 
paid homage to his remains, and a general 
feeling of the most profound sorrow was felt 
at his untimely taking off. "In person Gov. 
Willard was very preposessing. His head and 
face were cast in finest molds, his eyes were 
blue, his hair auburn, and his complexion 
florid. A more magnetic and attractive man 
could nowhere be found, and had he lived to 
the allotted age of mankind he must have 
reached still higher honors." 

succeeded to the governorship on the 
death of A. P. Willard, by virtue of 
his office of lieutenant governor, was 
a native of Vermont, born in the town of 
Brattleboro, March 21, 18 14. He came to 
Indiana when six years of age, and was raised 
near Brookville, where he began the study of 
law in the office of John Ryman, a lawyer of 
note in that town. He was admitted to the bar 
in 1835, moved to Columbus, Bartholomew 
county, in 1840, where he was afterward 
chosen prosecuting attorney, an office which 
he filled with more than ordinary ability. In 
1846 he became a resident of Indianapolis, 
and the following year removed to Cincinnati, 
Ohio. He returned to Indianapolis in 1849, 
and in 1850 was chosen first judge of the com- 
mon pleas court of Marion county. In 1852 
he emigrated to California, and for some time 
practiced his profession in San Francisco. 
He soon returned to his adopted state, loca- 
ting in Terre Haute, where he resided until 
his election as lieutenant governor in 1852. 
He made a most excellent presiding officer of 
the senate, his rulings being so fair and his 
decisions so just that even his political oppo- 


nents bestowed encomiums upon him. On 
the death of Gov. Willard, in i860, Mr. Ham- 
mond became governor, and as such served 
with dignity until the inauguration of Gov. 
Lane, in January, 1861. Gov. A.A.Hammond 
was not a showy man, but he was an able 
one. He possessed an analytic and logical 
mind, and was remarkably clear in stating his 
positions when drawing conclusions. When 
in his prime he was a fine specimen of physi- 
cal manhood. He was of medium height, 
compactly built, and of dark complexion. 
His head was large and well shaped, while the 
expression of his countenance was mild and 
gentle. Frank in manners, honorable in his 
dealings, and dignified in his deportment, he 
commanded the esteem of all with whom he 
came in contact. 

aONRAD BAKER, governor of Indiana 
from 1867 to 1873, was born in 
Franklin county, Penn., February 12, 
1 8 1 7. He was educated at the Penn- 
sylvania college, Gettysburg, and read law at 
the office of Stevens & Smyser, and was ad- 
mitted to the bar in the spring of 1839, at 
Gettysburg, where he had a lucrative practice 
for two years. He came to Indiana in 1841, 
and settled at Evansville, where he practiced 
his profession until after the commencement 
of the rebellion. He was elected to the lower 
house of the general assembly of Indiana in 
1845, and served one session, elected judge of 
the district composed of the counties of Van- 
derburg and Warrick, in 1852, in which capac- 
ity he served about one year, when he re- 
signed. In 1856 he was nominated for 
lieutenant governor by the republican party 
without his knowledge, on the ticket with 
Oliver P. Morton. They were defeated by 
Willard and Hammond. In 1861 Mr. Baker 

was commissioned colonel of the First cavalry 
regiment of Indiana volunteers, which he or- 
ganized, and with which he served until Sep- 
tember, 1864, in which year he was elected 
lieutenant governor. In 1865 Gov. Morton 
convened the general assembly in special ses- 
sion, and immediately after delivering his 
message, started for Europe in quest of health, 
leaving Col. Baker in charge of the executive 
department of the state government. Gov. 
Morton was absent five months, during which 
time the duties of the executive office were 
performed by Lieut. Gov. Baker. In Febru- 
ary, 1867, Gov. Morton was elected to the 
senate of the United States, in consequence of 
which the duties of governor devolved upon 
Mr. Baker. He was unanimously nominated 
by the republican convention of 1868, for 
governor, and was elected over Thomas A. 
Hendricks, by a majority of 961 votes. He 
served as governor with ability and dignity, 
until the inauguration of Mr. Hendricks in 
1873, since which time he has been engaged 
in the practice of law in Indianapolis, being a 
member of one of the strongest and most 
widely known firms in the state. 

great war governor and United States 
senator, was born in Saulsbury, 
Wayne county, Ind., August 4, 1823. 
The family name was originally Throckmorton, 
and was so written by the grandfather, who 
emigrated from England about the beginning 
of the Revolutionary war and settled in New 
Jersey. Gov. Morton's father was James T. 
Morton, a native of New Jersey, who moved 
in an early day to Wayne county, Ind. , where 
he married the mother of Oliver P., whose 
maiden name was Sarah Miller. Of the early 
life of Gov. Morton but little is known. 
When a boy he attended the academy of Prof. 



Hoshour, at Centerville, but owing to the 
poverty of the family, he was taken from 
school, and at the age of fifteen, with an older 
brother, began learning the hatter's trade. 
After working at his trade a few years, he de- 
termined to lit himself for the legal profession, 
and with this object in view he entered the 
Miami university in 1843, where he pursued 
his studies vigorously for a period of two 
years. While in college he earned the repu- 
tation of being the best debater in the institu- 
tion, and it was here that he developed those 
powers of ready analysis and argument which 
made him so celebrated in after life. He be- 
gan his professional reading in the office of 
Judge Newman, of Centerville, and after his 
admission to the bar was not long in rising to 
an eminent place among the successful law- 
yers of Indiana. In 1852 he was elected cir- 
cuit judge, but resigned at the end of one 
year and afterward increased his knowledge 
of the profession by an attendance at a Cin- 
cinnati law school. On resuming the prac- 
tice the number of his friends and legal cases 
rapidly increased, and his reputation soon ex- 
tended beyond the limits of his own state. As 
a lawyer he possessed the faculty of selecting 
the salient points of a case and getting at the 
heart of a legal question. His mind was 
massive and logical, and he could apply great 
principles to given cases, discard non-essen- 
tials and reach decisive points. Mr. Morton's 
political career was of such a brilliant char- 
acter that his great achievements in the arena 
of statesmanship, his wonderful power as an 
organizer, won for him a recognition from the 
strongest opponents, and faith in his powers, 
and the lasting fealty and admiration of thous- 
ands of friends until he reached the highest 
point among the great American statesmen. 

Up to his thirty-first year, Mr. Morton 
was a democrat. The county in which he 
lived was largely whig, thus virtually preclud- 

ing him from holding elective offices. He 
was opposed to the extension of slavery, how- 
ever, and upon the organization of the repub- 
lican party he entered the movement, and in 
1856 was one of the three delegates from 
Indiana to the Pittsburgh convention. 

His prominence was such that in 1856 he 
was unanimously nominated by the new party 
for governor of Indiana, against Ashbel P. Wil- 
lard, an able and brilliant speaker, the superior 
of Mr. Morton as an orator, but his inferior as 
a logician and debater. These two distin- 
guished men canvassed the state together, and 
drew immense crowds. The speeches of Wil- 
lard were florid, eloquent and spirit-stirring, 
while Mr. Morton's style was earnest, convinc- 
ing and forcible. He never appealed to men's 
passions, but always to their, intellect and rea- 
son, and whether in attack or defense, proved 
himself a ready, powerful debater. Although 
beaten at the polls, he came out of the contest 
with his popularity increased, and with the 
reputation of being one of the ablest public 
men in the state. In i860 he was nominated 
for lieutenant governor on the ticket with Hon. 
Henry S. Lane, with the understanding that if 
successful he should go to the senate, and Mr. 
Morton become governor. He made a vigor- 
ous canvass, and the result of the election was 
a republican success, which placed Mr. Lane 
in the senate and Mr. Morton in the guberna- 
torial chair. From the day of his inauguration 
Mr. Morton gave evidence of possessing extra- 
ordinary executive ability. It was while filling 
this term as governor that he did his best pub- 
lic work and created for himself a fame as 
lasting as that of his state. A great civil war 
was breaking out when he became governor, 
and few so well cornprehended what would be 
its magnitude as he. He was one of the first 
to forsee the coming storm of battle and most 
active in his preparations to meet it. Perceiv- 
ing the danger of a dilatory policy, he visited 



Washington soon after the inauguration of 
President Lincoln, to advise vigorous action 
and to give assurance of Indiana's support to 
such a pohcy. He commenced preparing for 
the forthcoming conflict, and when Sumter 
was fired on, April 12, 1861, he was neither 
surprised nor appalled. Three days after the 
attack, President Lincoln called for 75,000 
men to put down the rebellion, and the same 
day Gov. Morton sent him the following 
telegram : 

"Indianapolis, April 15, 1861. 
" To Abraham Lincoi^n, President of the United 
States: On behalf of the state of Indiana, I tender 
you, for the defense of the nation, and to uphold the 
authority of the g-overninent, 10,000 men. 

" OwvEK P. Morton, 

" Governor of Indiana." 

In seven days from the date of this offer 
over three times the number of men required 
to fill Indiana's quota of the president's call 
offered their services to the country. Never 
in the world's history did the people of a state 
respond more cheerfully and more enthusias- 
tically to the call of duty, than did the people 
of Indiana in 1861. This record of the state, 
which Mr. Morton was instrumental in plan- 
ning, reflects imperishable honor on his name, 
and from that time forth he was known through- 
out the nation as the ' ' Great War Governor. " 
During the entire period of the war he per- 
formed an incredible amount of labor, coun- 
seling the president, encouraging the people, 
organizing regiments, hurrying troops to the 
field, forwarding stores, and inspiring all with 
the enthusiasm of his own earnestness. His 
labors for the relief of the soldiers and their 
dependent and needy families were held up as 
matters of emulation by the governors of other 
states, and the result of his efforts seconded by 
the people was that during the war over 
$600,000 of moneys and supplies were col- 
lected and conveyed to Indiana soldiers in 
camp, field, hospital and prison. The limits 

of a sketch like this forbid a detailed account 
of Gov. Morton's public acts. He displayed 
extraordinary industry and ability, and in his 
efforts in behalf of the soldier justly earned 
the title of "The Soldiers' Friend." The 
legislature of 1862 was not in accord with the 
political views of Gov. Morton, and it refused 
to receive his message, and in other ways 
treated him with want of consideration and 
respect. It was on the point of taking from 
him the command of the militia, when the 
republican members withdrew, leaving both 
houses without a quorum. In order to carry 
on the state government and pay the state 
bonds he obtained advances from banks and 
and county boards, and appointed a bureau 
of finance, which for two years made all dis- 
bursements of the state, amounting to more 
than $ 1 , 000, 000. During this period he refused 
to summon the legislature, and the supreme 
court condemned his arbitrary course, but the 
people subsequently applauded his action. By 
assuming great responsibilities he kept the ma- 
chinery of the state in motion and preserved 
the financial credit of the commonwealth by 
securing advances through an eastern banking 
house to pay the interest on the public debt. 
In 1 864 he was again nominated for governor 
against Hon. Joseph E. McDonald, whom he 
defeated by an overwhelming majority. These 
two distinguished men made a joint canvass 
of the state, and passed through it with the 
utmost good feeling. 

In 1865 Gov. Morton received a partial 
paralytic stroke, affecting the lower part of 
the body, so that he never walked afterward 
without the use of canes. His mind, how- 
ever, was in no wise affected by the shock, 
but continued to grow stronger while he lived. 
In January, 1867, he was elected to the United 
States senate, and immediately thereafter re- 
signed the governorship to Conrad Baker, who 
served the remainder of the gubernatorial 


term. In 1873 he was re-elected to the senate 
and continued a leading member of that body 
while he lived. In the senate he ranked 
among the ablest members, was chairman of 
the committee on privileges and elections, 
was the acknowledged leader of the republi- 
cans, and for several years exercised a deter- 
mining influence over the course of the party. 
He labored zealously to secure the passage of 
the fifteenth amendment, was active in the 
impeachment proceedings against Andrew 
Johnson, and was the trusted adviser of the 
republicans of the south. In the national 
republican convention of 1876 he received 
next to the highest number of ballots for the 
presidential nomination, and in 1877 was a 
member of the celebrated electoral commis- 
sion. In 1870 President Grant offered Sen- 
ator Morton the English mission, which was 
declined. After visiting Oregon in the spring 
of 1877, as chairman of a committee to inves- 
tigate the election of Senator Grover, of that 
state, he suffered another stroke of paralysis, 
which terminated in his death, November ist, 
of the same year. The death of no man, with 
the exception of President Lincoln, ever cre- 
ated so much grief in Indiana as did that of 
Senator Morton, and he was mourned almost 
as much throughout the entire nation. On 
the 17th of the next January, Mr. McDonald 
offered in the senate a series of resolutions in 
relation to Senator Morton's death, which were 
unanimously adopted. In speaking on these 
resolutions, Mr. McDonald said: "Naturally 
combative and aggressive, intensely in earnest 
in his undertakings, and intolerant in regard 
to those who differed with him, it is not 
strange that while he held together his friends 
and followers with hooks of steel, he caused 
many, whose patriotism and love of country 
were as sincere and unquestioned as his own, 
to place themseles in political hostility to him. 
That Oliver P. Morton was a great man is 

conceded by all. In regard to his qualities as 
a statesman, men do differ now and always 
will. But that he was a great partisan leader 
— the greatest of his day and generation — will 
hardly be questioned, and his place in that 
particular field will not, perhaps, be soon sup- 
plied." Senator Burnside said: " Morton was 
a great man. His judgment was good, his 
power of research was great, his integrity was 
high, his patriotism was lofty, his love of 
family and friends unlimited; his courage 
indomitable." The following is from Senator 
Edmonds: " He was a man of strong passions 
and great talents, and as a consequence a 
devoted partisan. In the field in which his 
patriotism was exerted it may be said of him, 
as it was of the Knights of St. John, in the 
holy wars, ' In the fore front of every battle 
was seen his burnished mail and in the gloomy 
rear of every retreat was heard his voice of 
constancy and courage.'" The closing speech 
upon the adoption of the resolutions was made 
by his successor, D. W. Voorhees, who used 
the following: "Senator Morton was without 
doubt a very remarkable man. His force of 
character cannot be over estimated His will 
power was simply tremendous. He threw 
himself into all his undertakings with that 
fixedness of purpose and disregard of obstacles 
which are always the best guarantees of 
success. This was true of him whether en- 
gaged in a lawsuit, organizing troops during 
the war, conducting a political campaign, or a 
debate in the senate. The same daring, 
aggressive policy characterized his conduct 
everywhere. " 

* y ^ ENRY SMITH LANE, for two days 

l'^^ governor of Indiana, was born Feb- 

^ F ruary 24, 181 i , in Montgomery county, 

Ky. He secured a good practical 

education, and at the age of eighteen com- 



menced the study of law. Soon after attain- 
ing his majority he was admitted to the bar, 
and in 1835 came to Indiana and located at 
Crawfordsville, where he soon obtained a good 
legal practice. His winning manners made 
him very popular with the people, and in 1837 
he was elected to represent Montgomery county 
in the state legislature. In 1840 he was a 
candidate for congress against Edward A. Han- 
negan, whom he defeated by 1,500 votes. He 
was re-elected the next year over John Bryce, 
and as a national representative ranked with 
the ablest of his colleagues. He took an 
active part in the presidential campaign of 
1844, and made a brilliant canvass throughout 
Indiana for his favorite candidate, Henry Clay. 
On the breaking out of the Mexican war, Mr. 
Lane at once organized a company, was 
chosen captain, and later became a major and 
lieutenant colonel of the regiment, and fol- 
lowed its fortunes until mustered out of the 

In 1858, Col. Lane was elected to the 
United States senate, but, owing to opposition 
on the part of democratic senators, he did not 
take his seat. February 27, i860, he was 
nominated by acclamation for governor, and 
was elected over Hon. Thomas A. Hendricks 
by a majority of about 10,000 votes. Two 
days after the delivery of his first message. 
Gov. Lane was elected to the senate of the 
United States. He at once resigned the gov- 
ernorship, the shortest term in that office on 
record in Indiana. In the senate, Mr. Lane 
did not attain any great distinction, as it was 
not the place for the exercise of his pecular 
talents as an orator, which were better suited 
to the hustings than to a dignified legislative 
body. When Col. Lane's senatorial term ex- 
pired, he returned to his home in Crawfords- 
ville, and never afterward held public ofifice 
except the appointment of Indian commis- 
sioner, by President Grant. He was chosen 

president of the first national convention that 
assembled in 1856, and nominated John C. 
Fremont. It is worthy of note that every 
nomination ever conferred upon him was by 
acclamation and without' opposition in his 
party. In person. Col. Lane was tall, slender 
and somewhat stoop shouldered. His face 
was thin and wore a kindly expression. In 
his later days, the long beard he wore was 
white as snow. He moved quickly, and his 
bearing was that of a cultured man. He de- 
parted this life at his home in Crawfordsville, 
on the 1 8th day of June, 1881. 

son of Maj. John Hendricks, and the 
grandson of Abraham Hendricks, a 
decendant of the Huguenots, who 
emigrated to New Jersey and thence to Penn- 
sylvania, prior to the Revolution. Abraham 
Hendricks was a man of remarkable force of 
character. He was elected to the Pennsyl- 
vania assembly first in 1792, and served four 
terms, the last ending in 1798. William Hen- 
dricks, second governor of Indiana, preceded 
his brother John in moving to this state from 
Ohio, and had gained much notoriety as a tal- 
ented and public man when Major John finally 
concluded to risk his fortune in the wilds of 
the new west. John Hendricks, prior to 1829, 
resided with his family at Zanesville, Ohio. 
His wife, whose maiden name was Jane 
Thompson, and a niece, were the only mem- 
bers of the Thompson family who emigrated 
west, the others remaining in Pennsylvania 
and other eastern states, where some of them 
gained enviable reputations in iaw, medicine, 
politics and ministry. Shortly after their 
marriage John Hendricks and wife moved to 
Muskingum. Ohio, where they lived for some 
time in a rude log house, one story, one room. 


one door and two windows, built of round logs 
and chinked and daubed after the pioneer 
fashion. In this little domicile were born two 
sons, Abraham and Thomas A. The last 
named, Thomas A., was born September 7, 
1819. The next year, 1820, lured by the 
brilliant career of William Hendricks, hereto- 
fore spoken of, Maj. John ^Hendricks, with his 
little family, removed to Madison, Ind. , then 
the metropolis of the state. Two years later ( 
the family removed to Shelby county, at that ] 
time a wilderness, and settled on the present [ 
site of Shelbyville. Here the father com- 
menced to erect a house and carve a career 
for their hopeful son, then scarcely three years 
of age. A dwelling was soon constructed, 
trees felled, and a farm opened, and the 
Hendricks house early became a favorite stop- 
ping place for all who saw fit to accept its hos- 
pitalities. The future vice president received 
his early educational training in the schools of 
Shelbyville, and among his first teachers was 
the wife of Rev. Eliphalet Kent, a lady of ex- 
cellent culture, fine education, graceful, and 
nobly consecrated to the Master, to whom Mr. 
Hendricks was largely indebted for much of 
his training and success. Having completed 
his course in the common schools, he entered 
Hanover college in 1836, where he remained 
for the greater part of the time until 1841. 
On leaving college he returned to Shelbyville, 
and commenced the study of law in the office 
of Stephen Major, then a young lawyer of 
brilliant attainments and considerable tact and 
experience. In 1843 ^r. Hendricks went to 
Cham bersburg, Pe 

where he entered the 

law school, in which Alexander.was instructor, 

a man of distinguished ability, extensive learn- 
ing, and much experience as judge of the six- 
teenth judicial district of that state. After 
eight months' arduous work in this institution, 
he returned to Shelbyville, passed an exam- 
ination, and was the same year admitted to the 1 

bar. His first case was before Scjuire Lee, 
his opponent being Nathan Powell, a young 
acquaintance, who had opened up an office 
about the same time. The case was a trivial 
one, yet the young attorneys worked hard and 
with the vim of old practitioners for their re- 
spective clients. Mr. Hendricks won, and 
after complimenting Mr. Powell upon his ef- 
fort, he gracefully served the apples which had 
been generously furnished by an enthusiastic 
spectator. Thus started the young advocate 
who was destined to become one of the na- 
tion's greatest and most beloved statesmen. 
In 1843, he formed the acquaintance of Miss 
Eliza Morgan, who was the daughter of a 
widow, living at North Bend, 'and two years 
later, September 26. 1845, the two were 
united in the bonds of wedlock. 

So soon as Mr. Hendricks emerged from 
boyhood, his success as a lawyer and public 
man was assured. Having established an 
office in Shelbyville, he gained in a short time 
a fair competence, and soon became one of 
the leading attorneys of the place. As an 
advocate he had few equals, and as a safe 
counselor none surpassed him at the Shelby 
county bar. In the year 1 848 Mr. Hendricks 
was nominated for the lower house of the gen- 
eral assembly, was elected after a brilliant 
canvass, and served his term with marked dis- 
tinction. In 1850 he was chosen a delegate 
to the state constitutional convention, in the 
deliberations of which he took an active part, 
having served on two very important commit- 
tees, and won distinction by a brilliant speech 
upon the resolution relative to the abolition of 
the grand jury system. The following year 
was the beginning of Mr. Hendricks' career in 
national politics. He was nominated for con- 
gress at Indianapolis, May 16, 1851, over 
several other candidates, made a vigorous 
canvass, and was elected by a decided majority 
over Col. James P. Rush, the whig candidate. 



In congress he progressed with signal ability, 
and was called to act on some of the most 
important committees, and soon won a national 
reputation. Scarce had congress adjourned 
when he was required to make another cam- 
paign, for the constitution had transferred the 
congressional elections to even years, and the 
month to October. The whig candidate, John 
H. Bradley, of Indianapolis, was a brilliant 
man and a public speaker of rare attainments, 
whom Mr. Hendricks defeated by a largely 
increased majority. In 1854, when the north- 
ern whigs were in a chaotic condition, pro- 
slavery, anti-slavery, free-soilers, abolitionists, 
know-nothings and democrats commingling in 
a storm of confusion a "fusion" state and 
congressional ticket was formed for the oc- 
casion. Opposed to Mr. Hendricks was Lucian 
Barbour, a talented lawyer of Indianapolis, 
who exerted himself to combine all the oppo- 
nents of democracy. Mr. Hendricks made a 
vigorous and manly contest, but was defeated, 
after which he retired to his profession and his 
home at Shelbyville. In 1855 he was ap- 
pointed by President Pierce general land com- 
missioner, in which capacity he served nearly 
four years, and i860 was nominated for gov- 
ernor of Indiana against Henry S. Lane. 
After a brilliant and able canvass, during 
which the two competitors spoke together in 
nearly every county of the state, defeat again 
came to Mr. Hendricks. In the same year he 
moved to Indianapolis, where he lived until 
his death. In January, 1863, he was elected 
to the United States senate, which position 
he held for six years. In 1872 he was again 
nominated for governor, his opponent being 
Gen. Thomas Brown, a man of ability and 
enviable reputation. This campaign was 
peculiar in one particular. The republicans 
had infused the crusaders with the idea that 
they were the salvation of their cause, while 
the democracy opposed all sumptuary laws. 

Yet Mr. Hendricks went before the people as 
a temperance man — opposed to prohibition, 
but willing to sign any constitutional legisla- 
tion looking toward the amelioration of crime 
and the advancement of temperance. He was 
elected and kept his pledges to the letter. He 
always kept his pledges inviolate, and ever 
remained true to h^s friends. He had a high 
sense of duty, and a spirit of philanthropy 
pervaded his whole nature. In 1876 he was 
nominated for the vice presidency on the dem- 
ocratic ticket with Samuel J. Tilden, of New 
York, and of this election it was claimed they 
were flagrantly defrauded by returning boards 
and the electoral commission. In 1880 the 
name of Thomas A. Hendricks was placed in 
nomination for the presidency at Cincinnati, 
by Indiana, and his nomination was strongly 
urged in the convention. In 1884 he was a 
delegate to the Chicago convention, and as 
chairman of the Indiana delegation presented 
in fitting terms and masterly manner the name 
of Joseph E. McDonald for the presidency. 
After the latter had positively refused to 
accept the second place on the ticket, Mr. 
Hendricks was unanimously chosen, and the 
successful ticket for 1884, the first in twenty- 
five years, became Grover Cleveland and 
Thomas A. Hendricks. But few greater calam- 
ities ever befell the people than the death of 
Vice President Hendricks, which occurred on 
the 25th day of November, 1885, at his home 
in Indianapolis, of heart disease. Mr. Hen- 
dricks was one of the nation's greatest men; 
deep, broad-minded, diplomatic and, above all, 
a true man. His acts and speeches in con- 
gress, both in the house and senate, his defense 
of what he conceived to be right, his labors 
for the poor, the oppressed and the wronged 
of every class in this and other countries, were 
of great interest to his people and worthy of 
emulation by all. His devotion to his party, 
his candor and honesty of purpose, his noble 




ambition to serve the people faithfully, his 
philanthropy and universal love of mankind, 
all combined to make hirti one of the noblest 
of men. Strong in his convictions, yet court- 
eous to opponents; great in intellect, yet 
approachable by the humblest of men; high in 
position, he met every man as his equal; 
independent in thought, self-reliant in prin- 
ciple, and rich in pleasant greeting to all whom 
he met; though dead, he yet lives in the hearts 
of the people, and his noble characteristics 
stand out in bold relief as beacon lights to 
guide and direct generations yet to be. 

>-T»AMES D. WILLIAMS was born in 
M Pickaway county, Ohio, January i6, 
A 1 1 80S, and moved with his parents to 
Indiana in 181S, settling near the 
town of Vincennes, Knox county. He grew 
to manhood there, and upon the death of his 
father, in 1828, the support of the family de- 
volved on him. He received a limited educa- 
tion in the pioneer log school-house, but, by 
mingling with the best people in the neighbor- 
hood, he obtained a sound practical knowledge 
of men and things, which, in a great measure, 
compensated for his early deficiency in liter- 
ary studies, so that when, on reaching his ma- 
jority, he was unusally well versed for one in 
his circumstances. He was reared a farmer, 
and naturally chose agriculture for his life 
work, and followed it with much more than 
ordinary success, until the close of his long 
and useful life. Gov. Williams entered public 
life, in 1839, as justice of the peace, the duties 
of which he discharged in an eminently satis- 
factory manner for a period of four years, re- 
signing in 1843. In the latter year he was 
elected to the lower house of the state legisla- 
ture, and from that time until his election to 
the national congress, in 1874, he was almost 

continuously identified with the legislative 
service of the state. Few men in Indiana 
have been so long in the public service, and 
few have been identified with more popular 
legislative measures than he. It is to him 
that the widows of Indiana are indebted for 
the law which allows them to hold, without 
administration, the estates of their deceased 
husbands, when they do not exceed $300 in 
value. He was the author of the law which 
distributed the sinking fund among the coun- 
ties of the state, and to him are the people 
largely indebted for the establishment of the 
state board of agriculture, an institution that 
has done much to foster and develop the agri- 
cultural interests of Indiana. He was a dele- 
gate to the national democratic convention at 
Baltimore in 1872, and in 1873 was the nom- 
inee for United States senator against Oliver 
P. Morton, but the party being in the minor- 
ity, he was defeated. He served in the 
national house of representatives from Decem- 
ber, 1875, till December, 1876, when he re- 
signed, having been elected governor in the 
latter year. The campaign of 1876 was a 
memorable one, during which the opposition, 
both speakers and press, ridicnled the demo- 
cratic nominee for governor, making sport of 
his homespun clothes ond plain appearance, 
but the democracy seized upon his peculiari- 
ties and made them the watchwords of victory. 
Gov. Williams, or Blue Jeans, as his friends 
were pleased to call him, was a man of the 
strictest integrity, and was known as a careful, 
painstaking executive entering into the minu- 
test details of his office. He was self-willed 
and self-reliant, and probably consulted fewer 
persons about his official duties than any of 
his predecessors. In personal appearance. 
Gov. Williams was over six feet high, remark- 
ably straight, had large hands and feet, high 
cheek bones, long sharp nose, gray eyes, and 
a well formed head, covered profusely with 



black hair. He was courteous in his inter- 
course with others, a good conversationalist, 
and possessed in a very marked degree shrewd- 
ness and force of character. He died in the 
year 1880. 

HLBERT G. PORTER.— Among the 
self-made men of Indiana, none 
stand higher or have a more note- 
worthy career than the distinguished 
gentleman whose name heads this sketch. Al- 
bert G. Porter was born in Lawrenceburg, Ind. , 
April 20, 1824. He graduated at Asbury uni- 
versity in 1843, studied law, was admitted to 
the bar in 1845, and began to practice in 
Indianapolis, where he was councilman and 
corporation attorney. In 1853 he was ap- 
pointed reporter of the supreme court of Indi- 
ana, and was subsequently elected to the same 
position by a very large majority of the voters 
of the state. He was elected to congress 
from the Indianapolis district in 1858, on the 
republican ticket, overcoming an adverse 
democratic majorit}' of 800, which he con- 
verted into a majority for himself of 1,000. 
Two years subsequently, he was re-elected by 
a smaller majority. On March 5, 1878, he 
was appointed first comptroller of the United 
States treasury, which position he filled with 
distinguished ability until called therefrom to 
become a candidate for governor of Indiana on 
the republican ticket. He resigned, and en- 
tered into the campaign of 1880, which will 
ever be memorable in the history of the state. 
After a canvess of remarkable bitterness and 
excitement, in which every inch of ground 
was stubbornly contested, Mr. Porter was 
elected governor by a handsome majority. He 
held the office from 1881 to 1884, his adminis- 
tration being regarded by friend and foe, alike, 
as on of the ablest in the history of the state. 

Mr. Porter has for many years ranked as one 
of the ablest and most successful lawyers in 
Indiana, and his " Decisions of the Supreme 
Court of Indiana " (5 vols., 1853-6), are re- 
garded as among the best of their kind in the 
state. Besides his talent in politics and law, 
Mr. Porter enjoys a literary reputation of no 
mean rank, attained chiefly from his law writ- 
ings and lectures. He is especially good 
authority on matters relating to pioneer his- 
tory in the west, and has in preparation a 
history of Indiana, which will undoubtedly 
rank as a classic in that line of literature. At 
this writing (September, 1890), Mr. Porter 
occupies the position of United States minister 
to Rome, which high honor was conferred 
upon him by his friend. President Harrison. 

ISAAC P. GRAY is a native of Pennsyl- 
vania, having been born near Downing- 
town, in Chester county, October 18, 
1828. His father, John Gray, moved 
to Ohio and settled near Urbana, when Isaac 
was almost eight years old. Within a short 
time thereafter his parents removed to near 
Dayton, Ohio, but did not long remain there, 
when they moved to New Madison, Darke 
county, Ohio, where young Gray grew to man- 
hood and became proprietor of a dry goods 
store. He married Eliza Jaqua, a few years 
his junior, and the daughter of Judson and 

Jaqua, who resided about two miles from 

New Madison, in a neighborhood (which had 
a postoffice) called Yankee town. Gray's 
parents are of Quaker descent, but they never 
adhered to the society Their ancestors came 
over with William Penn and took a prominent 
part in early colonial times. On November 
30, 1855, Isaac P. located at Union City, Ind., 
his family then consisting of his wife and two 
baby boys, Pierre and Bayard S. From the 



time of his arrival he became one of the lead- 
ing citizens of the then small town. He was 
always active, energetic and progressive, and 
no work or enterprise in the town was consid- 
ered without his advice and counsel, and in 
many cases financial co-operation. He always 
bore a prominent part in all public matters and 
was depended upon to speak for the interests 
of the place. 

He was engaged in the dry goods business 
for a while after he came to Union City, then 
in the banking business, finally drifting into 
the law, where by reason of his pleasant 
speech, excellent judgment of human nature 
and the happy faculty of condensing and mak- 
ing plain his thought, he became a successful 

After a few years of practice in the law, 
however, the civil war came on, and Gray, 
being a strong unionist, was appointed colonel 
of the Fourth Indiana cavalry, which position 
he held from September 4, 1862, to February 
II, 1864. He also raised and organized the 
147th regiment Indiana volunteers, mustered 
in March 13, 1865, Col. Peden ; mustered out 
August 4, 1865. He was also colonel of the 
105th Indiana (minute men). Served five 
da3's —July 12-17, '863. At the close of the 
war he became a banker, organizing with Hon. 
N. Cadwallader, the Citizens' bank, of which 
he is a prominent stockholder and vice presi- 
dent. In 1866 he was candidate of the anti- 
Julian wing of the republican party for con- 
gress Entered the law in 186S, and was 
state senator of Randolph county in 1868-72, 
on the republican ticket, of which body he 
took position as a leading member. In 1870, 
he was appointed by Presidant Grant consul to 
St. Thomas, West Indies, and confirmed by 
the senate, but declined. In 1872 he was ap- 
pointed a delegate at large for the state of 
Indiana to the national liberal republican con- 
vention at Cincinnati, and, by that conven- 

tion, was made the member, for the state of 
Indiana of the liberal republican national ex- 
ecutive committee. 

Dissatisfied with the administration of Gen. 
Grant, he joined the Greeley liberal move- 
ment in 1872, and from that time on acted 
with the democrats. In 1876 the democratic 
state convention nominated him by acclama- 
tion for lieutenant governor, and he was elected 
to that office in October, 1876. In 1880 he 
was a candidate for governor before the demo- 
cratic state convention, and lost the nomina- 
tion by four votes, but was named by accla- 
mation a second time for lieutenant governor. 
In the general democratic defeat incurred in 
October, 1880, Col. Gray shared the catas- 
trophe. But, by the death of Gov. J. B. Wil- 
liams, in November, 1880, Lieut. Gov. Gray 
was promoted to the position of governor of 
Indiana, which honor he sustained with appro- 
priate dignity, addressing the legislature in 
perhaps the most voluminous message ever 
presented by any occupant of the gubernatorial 
chair to any legislative body. In 1884 he 
received the democratic nomination for gov- 
ernor, to which position he was triumphantly 
elected in the fall of that year, and for four 
years served in a manner so satisfactory to 
his partisan friends that he became the recog- 
nized leader of the democratic party in Indi- 
ana, and it has always been insisted by his 
supporters that his name, on the ticket with 
Cleveland, in 1888, would have that year 
secured the presidency of the United States to 
the democratic party. In the spring of 1894 
Mr. Gray was appointed by the Cleveland 
administration United States minister to the 
republic of Mexico. 

Isaac Pusey Gray is a man about five feet 
ten inches high, well proportioned and stands 
erect, with a semi-military carriage, and 
weighs about 180 pounds; his hair was black 
and curly, but is now somewhat tinged with 


gray; bold, prominent forehead, a full, frank, 
plump and florid face, strongly indicative of a 
high order of intelligence, and light blue eyes, 
beaming with good nature. His face is un- 
adorned except with small chin whiskers. 
Suave of address and of kind disposition. He 
is always cordial and pleasant with strangers 
and extremely sociable among his friends and 
acquaintances. He enjoys the society of his 
friends. Perhaps one of the elements of his 
great popularity and steadfast hold upon his 
friends, is his freedom from any aristocratic 
reserve, and yet no one has a keener sense of 
the demands of true dignity; a man of great 
decision and firmness, yet always respectful of 
others' feelings. The home Gray left in Union 
City was and is to-day one of its finest resi- 
dences, a spacious brick dwelling located on a 
large plat of ground. He has built and owned 
some of the best residence properties in the 
city. He took great pride in his house, which 
was nicely furnished and supplied with a fine 
library, where he and his wife, who were 
great readers, gratified their literary tastes. 

Mrs. Gray is a blonde of medium height, 
with gray eyes, well defined features, clear 
complexion, good figure, easy and graceful 
carriage. She is regarded as a fine looking 
lady, whose years rest upon her with becom- 
ing grace and dignity. By descent she comes 
from an honorable French family, whose 
ancestors at an early date settled in New 
England and New York. 

His son Pierre, the elder, graduated at the 
Indiana State university in 1874, and his 
younger son, Bayard S. , graduated at De 
Pauw university in 1876. Pierre followed his 
graduation by a course of law, and has ever 
since practiced his chosen profession, except 
while he acted as private secretary to his father 
as governor, 1885-1889. He is now associ- 
ated with his father, in the practice, at Indian- 
apolis. Pierre was married, about ten years 

ago, to Miss Kate Alma McDonald of Union 
City; they have no children. Bayard S., 
after returning from his alma mater, studied 
in his father's law office, but soon thereafter 
took up journalism, in which he made a brill- 
iant success He has however abandoned 
that field and located in Chicago, where he is 
again at the law. Like his father, Bayard S. 
has a taste for politics, and being a fluent 
speaker, with an unlimited vocabulary, he has 
taken a more or less active part in politics 
since his majority. Since his removal to Chi- 
cago he has achieved considerable prominence 
and is now regarded as one of their public 

HLVIN P. HOVEY.— This gentleman, 
who was elected governor of Indiana 
in 1888, has had a notable career, 
both civil and military. He was 
born in 1821, in Posey county, Ind. , where he 
has spent his whole life. After a common 
school education, he studied law and was ad- 
mitted to the Mt. Vernon bar in 1843, where 
he has practiced with success. The civil posi- 
tions he held previous to the war were those 
of delegate to the constitutional convention of 
1850; judge of the third judicial circuit of Indi- 
ana from 185 1 to 1854, and judge of the su- 
preme court of Indiana. From 1856 to 1858 
he served as United States district attorney 
for the state. During the civil war he entered 
the national service as colonel of the Twenty- 
fourth Indiana volunteers, in July, 1 86 1. He 
was promoted brigadier-general of volunteers 
on April 28, 1862, and breveted major-general 
for meritorious and distinguished services in 
July, 1864. He was in command of the east- 
ern district of Arkansas in 1863, and of the 
district of Indiana in 1 864-1 865. Gen. Grant, 
in his official reports, awards to Gen. Hovey 



the honor of the key battle of the Vicksburg 
campaign, that of Champion's Hill. This is 
no small praise; also, it is remembered that 
military critics, in view of the vast conse- 
quences that flowed therefrom, have ranked 
Champion's Hill as one of the five decisive 
battles of the civil war, and second in impor- 
tance to Gettysburg alone. Gen. Hovey re- 
signed his commission on October i8, 1865, 
and was appointed minister to Peru, which 
office he held until 1870. In 18S6 he was 
nominated for congress by the republicans in 
the Evansville district, which theretofore had 
steadily given a large democratic majority. 
Gen. Hovey's personal popularity and military 
prestige overcame this, and he was elected by 
a small majority. In congress, he attracted 
attention by his earnestness in advocating 
more liberal pension laws, and every measure 
for the benefit of the ex-Union soldiers. 
Largely to this fact was due his nomination 
for the governorship of Indiana, by the repub- 
lican party in 1888, the soldier element of the 
state being a very important factor in securing 
his nomination, and his subsequent election. 
In his social relations. Gov. Hovey has always 
been very popular, and his family circle is one 
of the happiest in the state. Though a strong 
partisan, he is never abusive or vindictive, and 
at every trial of strength at the polls, he has 
received strong support from many personal 
friends in the ranks of the opposite party. 

IRA J. CHASE was born in Clarkson, 
Monroe county, N. Y. , December 7, 
1834. His father, Benjamin Chase, 
moved into Orleans county, where most 
of Ira's years were spent up to the age twenty. 
After leaving the public school of that day, 
he attended the Milan (Ohio) seminary and 
Medina academy. At twenty he accompanied 

his father to Illinois, driving a team much of 
the time alone through Michigan and Indiana, 
landing in Chicago in the spring of 1855. 
Farming, merchandising and school teaching 
filled up the time until the war broke out. In 
1857 he united with the Christian church. 
March 24, 1859, he married Miss Rhoda J. 
Castle, of Cook county. In 1861 he was the 
first man to enlist in the town of Barrington, 
111. He assisted in raising a company of men 
and was unanimously elected first lieutenant. 
The enlistments were so numerous that the 
government could not accept them all, and 
the organization disbanded, a part going into 
company C, Nineteenth Illinois, June 17, 1861, 
of which Chase was made sergeant, This 
regiment saw hard and continuous service from 
the start, being always on the move, serving 
in Missouri, Kentucky and Tennessee the first 
year of the war. While in camp at Elizabeth- 
town, Ky., he heard the news of the birth of 
his second child. He was appointed drill ser- 
geant and placed on special duty, owing to 
poor health. In this capacity the Eighteenth 
O. V. I. officers invited him to aid in drilling 
their men, as they were fresh from the farms 
of their state. A petition, signed by Col. 
Stanley, Lieut. Col. Grim, for years chief 
justice of Iowa, and Major C. H. Grosvenor, 
famous as a soldier and statesman, was pre- 
sented to the field officers of the Nineteenth 
Illinois, asking for his transfer to a lieutenancy 
in the Eighteenth Ohio. This was endorsed 
by Gen. J. B. Turchin, brigade commander, 
and by Maj. Gen. O. M. Mitchell, division 
commander, but denied by Maj. Gen. Buell, 
department commander. Our soldier was in 
the seige of Nashville. 1862; was discharged 
and returned home from Nashville in 1863, 
and entered into business, but sold out, owing 
to a long and very serious illness of his wife 
that left her blind and lame for years. He 
prepared himself for the ministery and became 



pastor of the Christian church in Mishawaka 
in 1867, and has served at LaPorte, Wabash 
and Danville. For a period of time he la- 
bored in Pittsburgh and Peoria. He has been 
prominent in G. A. R. circles, was twice de- 
partment chaplain and once department com- 
mander. In 1886, while in California, he was 
nominated for congress by the fifth district. 
Upon his return he accepted and made his 
first political campaign. Col. C. C. Matsonhad 
received his fourth nomination. His average 
majority for the three terms previous had been 
about 1,800. In 1886 it was 532. In 1888 
Mr. Chase was spoken of for governor, and 
though there was no activity manifested re- 
ceived a handsome vote. Gen. Hovey was 
nominated and private Chase was nominated 
for lieutenant governor by acclamation. He 
served two terms as presiding officer of the 

On the death of Gen. Hovey he served the 
state as governor from November 24, 1891, to 
January 8, 1893. At the state convention 
called by the republicans to nominate state 
officers, Gov. Chase was nominated by accla- 
mation to succeed himself. He entered into 
the campaign with all the earnestness of his 
nature, and everywhere it has been said that 
no man ever fought a harder fight. 

aLAUDE MATTHEWS, who at this 
time fills most acceptably the office 
of governor of Indiana, was born in 
Bethel, Bath county, Ky. , December 
14, 1845. His father, Thomas A. Matthews, 
was a farmer, and also for a time a commis- 
sion merchant at Maysville. His paternal 
grandfather, Capt. George Matthews, com- 
manded a company of soldiers at the battle of 
the River Thames, in the war of 181 2. 
Through his mother, Eliza (Fletcher) Mat- 

thews, Mr. Matthews traces his origin to 
one of the most worthy names in the common- 
wealth, and his maternal grandfather, Jefferson 
Fletcher, represented the Bath district in the 
national house of representatives in the days 
Henry Clay. Young Matthews attended such 
I schools as the county of his nativity afforded 
until his fifteenth year, then removed to Mason 
county, Ky., his father having purchased a 
farm near Maysville. Here the schools were 
of a better class, and he availed himself of 
their advantages by riding six miles each way 
daily. In 1863 he entered Center college, 
Danville, Ky. , where he graduated in June, 
1867. January i, 1868, he married Miss 
Martha Renick Whitcomb, only daughter of 
James Whitcomb, one of the honored gov- 
ernors of this state, from 1843 to 1849. The 
marriage took place in Ross county, Ohio, 
where Mrs. Matthews is connected on her 
mother's side with the Renicks, well known for 
their wealth and public spirit. The young 
people moved to Vermillion county, Ind. , in 
1869, where Mr. Matthews settled down to 
the occupation he had chosen for his life work, 
the useful and honest calling of farming. His 
capacity for public affairs, and the evidence he 
gave of sensible ideas as to public needs, led 
to his selection by the democrats of Vermillion 
county, in 1877, as their candidate for repre- 
sentative in the legislature. That he was well 
appreciated by his neighbors was shown by 
some five hundred republicans of his county 
voting for him, and he had the honor of being 
the first democrat elected from that county of 
heavy adverse majorities. His record in the 
legislature was a fine one, and in 1880 he had 
a strong following for lieutenant governor. In 
1882 Mr. Matthews was a candidate for state 
senator in his district, and cut down the 
republican majority of 900 to 300. In August, 
1890, he was nominated by the democrats for 
secretary of the state and triumphantly elected 



at the ensuing election, his phiraHty reaching 
the astonishing and almost unparalleled figure 
of 20,000, in round numbers. His conduct of 
the office of secretary of state was so satisfac- 
tory to the people, that he was called upon to 
head the democratic state ticket in 1892. 
Although being a candidate before the state 
convention for renomination as secretary of 
state, he was nominated candidate for gov- 
ernor, and in the following November elected 
to that office by a plurality of nearly 7,000, 
leading the state ticket by several hundred 
votes, and higher than the average upon the 
electoral vote. He was inaugurated governor 
January 9, 1893, and is now, with the same 
earnestness and conscientious regard of public 
duty, performing the work of that office. Gov. 
Matthews, while faithfully attending to his 
duties as a state officer, still keeps up his 
interest in farming and the class of workers to 
which he belongs. He has done much in the 
way of improving the breeds of cattle and 
domestic animals by importing valuable speci- 
mens, and was the founder of the Short Horn 
Breeders' association of Indiana, the first asso- 
ciation of the kind ever organized in the 
United States. He was also originator of the 
American Short Horn association of the United 
States and Canada. While his business is 
that of farming, he is. nevertheless, a fluent 
speaker, and withal a man of fine address and 
genial manners. Mr. Matthews has three 
children; the eldest, Mary, is the wife of Sen- 
ator Cortez Ewing, of Greensburg; Renick 
Seymour Matthews, who, after a course 
in the Rose Polytechnic institute, is fitting 
himself in electrical engineering, and Miss 
Helen, a school girl, aged fifteen. Mr. Mat- 
thews is a man of positive character and 
strong intellect, and no man is more loyal in 
his citizenship, more faithful in his friendship, 
more devoted in his home life, or more worthy 
the regard of his fellow men. 


ALLER TAYLOR, one of the first 
senators from Indiana, after her 
admission as a state, was born in 
Lunenburg county Va., before 
1786, and died there before 1826. He re- 
ceived a common school education, studied 
law, served one or two terms in the Virginia 
legislature as a representative from Lunenburg 
county. In 1805 he settled in Vincennes, 
Ind., having been appointed a township judge. 
He served as aid de camp to Gen. William H. 
Harrison at the battle of Tippecanoe, and in 
the war of 181 2-1 5. On the admission of In- 
diana as a state, he was elected United States 
senator, and at the close of his term was re- 
elected, serving from December 12, 18 16, un- 
til March 3, 1825. He was a man of fine lit- 
erary attainments and a prominent political 
leader of his day. 

'^t'AMES noble was the son of Thomas 
M T. Noble, who moved from Virginia to 
A 1 Kentucky, near the close of the eight- 
eenth century James Noble grew to 
manhood in Kentucky, and after his marriage, 
which was consummated before he had at- 
tained his majority, began the study of law in 
the office of Mr. Southgate, of Covington. 
After finishing his legal studies and being ad- 
mitted to the bar, he removed to Brookville, 
Ind., and commenced the practice of his pro- 
fession, and soon became known as one of the 
most successful lawyers and most eloquent ad- 
vocates of the Whitewater country. When 
Indiana became a state Mr. Noble represented 
Franklin county in the constitutional conven- 
tion, in which he was chairman of the legisla- 
tive and judiciary committees. In August, 
1 8 10, he was elected a member of the first 
legislature under the state government, which 
met at Corydon, November, 1816, and ad- 



journed January, 1817. November 8, 18 16, 
the general assembly, by a joint vote, elected 
James Noble and Waller Taylor to represent 
Indiana in the senate of the United States. 
" In the senate Gen. Noble had for associates 
the ablest men the country has yet produced. 
He was not dwarfed by their stature, but 
maintained a respectable standing among 
them." He remained in the senate until his 
death, which occurred February 26, 1831. 
Mr. Noble was a large, well proportioned man 
of fine address and bearing. He was a good 
lawyer and as a speaker was very effective be- 
fore a jury or promiscuous assembly. Person- 
ally he was quite popular and his warm heart 
and generons nature made him the idol of the 
people of his section of the state. 

^^^EN. JOHN TIPTON was born in 
H ^\ Sevier county, Tenn., August 14, 
\^Jr 1786, and was the son of Joshua 
Tipton, a native of Maryland, a man 
who possessed great positiveness of character, 
with keen preceptions and uncommon execu- 
tive ability. These peculiarities induced him 
to remove from his native state and settle in a 
home further west, where he afterward became 
a leader in the defense of the frontier against 
tne hostile Indians. He was murdered by the 
savages on the i8th of April, 1793. Left thus 
early in life ii^ the midst of a frontier settle- 
ment, surrounded by the perils incident there- 
to, the son, inheriting the sagacity and self-re- 
liance of his father, soon began to develop 
that positive energy of character which dis- 
tinguished his after life. In the fall of 1807, 
with his mother and two sisters and a half- 
brother, he removed to Indiana territory and 
settled near Bringley's Ferry, on the Ohio river, 
where he purchased a homestead of fifty acres, 
which he paid for out of his scanty earnings, 

making rails at fifty cents a hundred. These 
early experiences laid the foundation of 
his future success in life. June, 1809, he en- 
listed in a company recruited in his neighbor- 
hood, which was soon afterward ordered to 
the frontier for the protection of the settle- 
ments. September, 181 1, the company en- 
tered the campaign which terminated in the 
battle of Tippecanoe. Early in that memor- 
able engagement all his superior officers were 
killed, and he was promoted to the captaincy, 
when the conflict was at its height. Subse- 
quently he rose, by regular gradation, to the 
rank of brigadier general. At the first elec- 
tion under the state constitution, he was 
chosen sheriff of Harrison county, which po- 
sition he filled two terms, and in 18 19 was 
elected to represent this county in the state 
legislature. While a member of that body he 
served on the committee to select a site for 
the location of the state capital, which selec- 
tion was made in June, 1820, and approved 
January, 1S21. He was re-elected in 182T, 
and at the following session was chosen one of 
the commissioners to locate the boundary line 
between the states of Indiana and Illinois. In 
March, 1823, he was appointed by Pres. Mon- 
roe general agent for the Pottawatomie and 
Miami Indians on the upper Wabash and Tip- 
pecanoe rivers, and immediately thereafter 
moved to Ft. Wayne, the seat of the agency. 
At his instance the agency was removed from 
Ft. Wayne to Logansport, in the spring of 
1828, where he continued to discharge the 
functions of his trust with fidelity and success. 
At the session of the legislature, December, 
1 83 1, he was elected United States senator 
from Indiana, to fill the vacancy occasioned 
by the death of Hon. James Noble, and was 
re-elected at the session of 1832-33, for a full 
term of six years. While a member of that 
distinguished body, he was noted for the 
soundness of his judgement and the independ- 



ence of his actions on all questions involving 
the interests of the state or general govern- 
ment. He opposed the views of President 
Jackson in reference to the re-charter of the 
United States bank, and recognized no party 
in determining the line of duty, always acting 
from motives of public right. As a civilian 
and citizen, he was alike successful in direct- 
ing and executing, to the extent of his power, 
whatever purpose his conscience approved or 
his judgment dictated. After locating in 
Logansport he directed his energies toward 
the development of the natural resources of 
that town and surrounding country, and to 
him more than to any other man is due the 
credit of supplying the settlements with grist 
and saw-mills and other improvements, and 
for taking the initial step which led to the or- 
ganization of the Eel river seminary, at that 
time one of the best known educational insti- 
tutions of northern Indiana. He was also pro- 
prietor of four additions to the town of Lo- 
gansport, and was interested with Mr. Carter 
in the plan and location of the original plat 
thereof. Mr. Tipton was twice married, the 
first time to Miss Shields, who died within two 
years after their marriage. The second time 
was in April, 1825, to Matilda, daughter of 
Capt. Spier Spencer, who was killed at the 
battle of Tippecanoe. The second Mrs. Tip- 
ton died in the spring of 1839, about the close 
of her husband's senatorial career. Gen. Tip- 
ton closed an honorable life on the morning 
of April 5, 1839, in the full meridian of his 
usefulness, and received the last sad honors of 
his masonic brethern on Sunday, .April 7, 

SO BERT HANNA was born in Laur- 
ens district, S. C. , April 6, 1786, 
and removed with his parents to 
Indiana in an early day, settling in 
Brookville as long ago as 1802. He was 

elected sheriff of the eastern district of Indiana 
in 1809, and held the position until the organ- 
ization of the state government. He was 
afterward appointed register of the land office, 
and removed to Indianapolis in 1825. In 
1 83 1 he was appointed United States senator, 
to fill the unexpired term caused by the death 
of James Noble, and served with credit in that 
capacity from December, of the above \ear, 
until January 3, 1832, when his successor took 
his seat. He was afterward elected a member 
of the state senate, but suffered defeat, when 
making the race for re-election. He was acci- 
dentally killed b\- a railroad train while walk- 
ing on the track at Indianapolis, November 19, 

man and senator, was born on 
Smith's island, near Trenton, N. J., 
October 23, 1794. He attended 
school near his home at intervals until 18 13, 
at which time, owing to the death of his 
father, he was thrown upon his own resources. 
He afterward found employment in a woolen 
mill in Pennsylvania, and, on attaining his 
majority, received $1,500 from his father's 
estate, which he soon lost in an unfortunate 
business investment. Mr. Smith came to In- 
diana in 1817, and settled at Rising Sun, Ohio 
county, but, in a short time, moved to 
Lawrenceburg, and began the study of -law. 
In March, 1820, he was licensed to practice, 
and soon afterward removed to Versailles, Ripley 
county, where he opened an office, but, be- 
coming dissatisfied with the location, in a few 
months he located at Connersville, thence in 
1839 flioved to the state capital. In August, 
1822, he was elected to the legislature from 
Fayette county, and while a member of that 
body served as chairman of the judiciary com- 
mittee, an important position, and one usually 


given to the ablest lawyer of the body. In 
1 824 he was appointed prosecutor of the third 
judicial district, and in 1826, became a candi- 
date for congress against Hon. John Test, who 
had represented the district for three full terms. 
He made a vigorous canvass, and defeated his 
popular competitor by 1,500 majority. Mr. 
Smith served with distriction in congress, and 
was ever attentive and industrious in his pub- 
lic duties. In December, 1836, he was a can- 
didate for United States senator, his competi- 
tors being Noah Noble, William Hendricks and 
Ratliff Boon. He was elected on the ninth 
ballot. In the senate, Mr. Smith was chair- 
man of the committee on public lands, and 
took great pride in the place, which he filled 
with distinguished ability. In 1842 he was a 
candidate for re-election, but was defeated by 
Edward A. Hannegan; in March, 1843, his 
senatorial services terminated. Soon after his 
return home, his attention was directed to 
railroads, and Indianapolis is mainly indebted 
to him for the building of the Indianapolis & 
Bellfonte road, now known as the "Bee Line." 
In 1857 he commenced writing a series of 
sketches for the, Indianapolis Journal on early 
times in Indiana, which attracted much atten- 
tion, and which were afterward brought out in 
book form. This volume is valuable as a rec- 
ord of early Indiana times, and contains 
much information not otherwise noted. Mr. 
Smith died March 19, 1859. As a political 
speaker, he exhibited much the same qualities 
and powers of mastery that he did as a forensic 
speaker, but he was less successful on the 
stump, because argument and close reasoning, 
which were his mode of dealing with political 
questions, were not as popular as anecdotal 
and declamatory style. "As a lawyer, Mr. 
Smith was ever true to the interest of his client, 
and in the prosecution of his cases in court, he 
displayed much zeal and earnestness. He was 
an honest opponent, and very liberal in his 

practice, and yet very capable, and sometimes 
ready to seize upon the weakness or oversight 
on an adversary. His career at the bar was a 
successful one, and he well merited the high 
tribute paid to his memory at the time of his 
death." "In person, Mr. Smith was five feet 
ten inches in height and weighed about 180 
pounds. He was broad chested, and large 
from the waist up. His eyes were dark, his 
hair was black and stood up upon his head. 
He had large shaggy eyebrows, and the general 
contour of his features denoted energy, pluck 
and endurance. His place is in the front rank 
of the great men of Indiana." 

HLBERT S. WHITE, one of the most 
scholarly of Indiana's distinguished 
men, was born in Blooming Grove, 
N. Y. , October 24, 1803. He gradu- 
ated from Union college, that state, in 1822, 
in the same class with Hon. William H. Sew- 
ard, and after studying law for some time at 
Newburg, was licensed to practice his profes- 
sion in 1825. Soon after this, he came to 
Indiana and located at Rushville, thence, one 
year later, moved to Paoli and subsequently 
took up his permanent abode in Lafayette. 
In 1830 and 1831 he was assistant clerk of 
the Indiana house of representatives, and 
served as clerk of the same from 1832 to 1835. 
In 1833 he was candidate for congress against 
Edward A. Hannegan, by whom he was de- 
feated. "He had neither the brilliancy nor 
the eloquence of Mr. Hannegan, but was the 
superior of that erratic man in education, cul- 
ture and in most of the qualities which go to 
make up the successful man." In 1837 he 
was more successful, having been elected to 
congress by an overwhelming majority over 
Nathan Jackson. The year previous, he was 
on the whig electoral ticket, and in the elec- 



toral coHepje cast his vote for William Henry 
Harrison. In iS^qIk? was elected to succeed 
Gen. John Tipton in the United States sen- 
ate, the struggle having been an animated one, 
requiring thirty-six ballots divided among Mr. 
White, Noah Noble and Col. Thomas H. 
Blake. He entered the senate a young man, 
but his training eminently fitted him for the 
duties of that distinguished body, in the delib- 
erations of which he bore an active part. He 
strenuously opposed the annexation of Texas, 
as he did every measure which was calculated 
to extend the'area of slavery. "He was of a 
conservative temperament, and usually voted 
with the moderate men of his party, but he 
was conscientiously an anti-slavery man and 
always acted with those who strove to confine 
slavery to the territory it then polluted." He 
was active in securing grants of land to aid in 
the extension of the Wabash & Erie canal, 
and took a prominent part in shaping legislation 
to promote other internal improvements. On 
the expiration of his term, Mr. White resumed 
the practice of law, but soon abandoned the 
profession and entered actively into the busi- 
ness of railroad building. He was president 
of the Indianapolis & Lafayette railroad from 
its organization until 1856, and during a part 
of that time was at the head of the Wabash 
& Western railway. In i860 he was again 
called into public life as a member of congress, 
where his thorough knowledge of political and 
state affairs soon enabled him to take high 
rank. He was made chairman of a select com- 
mittee, raised to consider the question of com- 
pensated emancipation, and also reported a 
bill appropriating $180,000,000 to pay loyal 
men for their slaves, and $20,000,000 to aid 
in the colonization of freedmen. His con- 
gressional career was eminently honorable, but 
he failed of a renomination, mainly on account 
of his action in regard to the emancipation 
question. In January, 1864, he was appointed 

by President Lincoln United States judge for 
the district of Indiana, to till the vacancy 
caused by the death of Ilnn, Caleb H. Smith. 
He soon atla])tecl liimsrll to his new position, 
and had he lived, would have proved a worthy 
successor of his eminent jiredecessor. His 
term was cut short by his death, which oc- 
curred on the 4th day of September, 1 864. 
"Mr. White had but little in ronnnon with the 
typical western pioneer, aiul it is therefore 
somewhat strange that he should have reached 
the eminence he did. He never sunk his man- 
hood nor lowered his self-respect, by trying to 
get down to the level of every man that ap- 
proached him. He was in no sense a dema- 
gogue, and never sought to curry favor by 
pretending to be what he was not. He was 
always dignified and always a gentleman." In 
personal appearance, Mr. White was below 
the medium height, quite spare and had a nar- 
row visage with a prominent Roman nose. 
Physically he was weak, but intellectually 
ranked with the strong men of the state and 
nation. "He was one of the first men of the 
Wabash country, and of the state, and his 
name will not be forgotten while learning and 
scholarship are chesished and honor and pat- 
riotism revered." 

eDWARD A. HANNEGAN was a na- 
tive of Ohio, but in early life moved 
to Kentucky, and settled at Lexing- 
ton, where he grew to manhood. He 
received a liberal education, and after several 
years spent in the study of law. was admitted 
to practice at the Lexington bar at the early 
age of twenty-three. Not long after this he 
settled at Covington, Ind. , where he opened 
an office and practiced his profession with flat- 
tering success for a number of years. He 
soon entered the political arena and ere long 



was honored by an election to the state legis- 
ture, in the dehberations of which he soon 
took an active and brilliant part. His career 
in the legislature brought him into prominent 
notice, and in January, 1833, he was elected 
to the congress of the United States, defeating 
Albert S. White, afterward his colleague in the 
senate. In 1840 he was again a candidate for 
congress, but after a very exciting contest was 
defeated by Hon. Henry S. Lane, afterward 
governor and United States senator. In 1842, 
much to the surprise of every one, Mr. Han- 
negan was elected United States senator, de- 
feating Oliver H. Smith and Tilghman A. 
Howard on the sixth ballot. He took his seat 
in the senate on the 4th of December, 1843, 
and served until March 4, 1849, during which 
time he made several speeches which attract- 
ed the attention of the country. While a 
member of that body his votes were always in 
accord with his party. In March, 1849, Presi- 
dent Polk nominated him for minister to Prus- 
sia, but being unfit for diplomacy by nature 
and habit it is no wonder that his career at 
Berlin added nothing to the character of the 
government he represented. He was recalled 
the next January, and with that recall the pub- 
lic life of the brilliant but erratic statesman 
ended. He returned to his home at Coving- 
ton, and the next year was defeated in a race 
for the legislature, which he took much to 
heart and which served to drive him further 
into the convivial habits which ultimately 
proved his ruin. The habit of drink con- 
tinued to grow upon him until in a fit of 
drunken -frenzy he took the life of one whom 
he dearly loved — his brother-in-law, Capt. 
Duncan. The two had been drinking deeply 
and angry words passed between them. Mr. 
Hannegan finally went into a separate apart- 
ment, but was followed by Capt. Duncan, who 
applied some bitter epithets to him and 
slapped him in the face. Upon this Mr. Han- 

negan seized a dagger and buried it to the 
hilt in Duncan's body, the effect of which was 
death the following day. He was not indicted 
and tried for this killing, the universal senti- 
ment of the people being in his favor. He re- 
moved to St. Louis, in 1857, and on the 25th 
of January, 1859, he died in that city. Mr. 
Hannegan was warm in his friendships and 
had a large personal following. His manners 
were elegant, and he was ardent, impulsive 
and undaunted, thinking, acting and speaking 
with the utmost freedom. In person he was 
below the medium height, firmly and compact- 
ly built, but in after years became quite cor- 
pulent. He was a charming companion, and 
as an orator was more eloquent than logical. 
"He was not a profound man nor a great 
scholar, but what he lacked in profundity he 
made up in brilliancy, and his deficiency in 
scholarship was largely compensated for by 
his quick wic and fertile imagination, and his 
power to express himself in the choicest lan- 
guage. He was of Irish descent, and inherited 
many of the characteristics of that warm- 
hearted, impulsive race." 

>T^ESSE D. BRIGHT, for twenty years a 
m leading politician of Indiana, was born 
^ 1 in Norwich, N. Y. , December 18, 181 2, 
and came to this state when a boy, lo- 
cating with his parents at Madison, where he 
grew to manhood's estate. He received an 
academic education, and after a preparatory 
course of reading was admitted to the bar, 
where his talents soon won for him a conspic- 
uous place among the successful lawyers of 
Indiana. He was not profound in the philos- 
ophy of jurisprudence, but, being a fluent 
speaker and quite popular with the people, he 
succeeded in gaining a lucrative practice, which 
extended throughout the counties of the lower 


Wabash and elsewhere. He was elected 
judge of probate in Jefferson county, and sub- 
sequently received the appointment of United 
States marshal for Indiana, and it was wiiile 
holding the latter office that he laid tlic found- 
ation of his political career. In the forties, 
he made the race for the state senate against 
Williamson Dunn and Shadrack Wilber, whom 
he defeated, and in that body was soon recog- 
nized as the leader of the party. In fact, he 
was a born leader of men, and alwa\s stood 
at the fore-front of the line. In 1845 he was 
lieutenant governor on the ticket with James 
Whitcomb, and such was the ability he dis- 
played in the discharge of the duties of that 
position, that the senators and representatives, 
with all of whom he sustained relations of the 
warmest friendship, afterward elected him to 
the senate of the United States. At this time 
he was barely eligible to a seat in the senate, 
on account of his age, being the youngest man 
ever elected to that distinguished body. In 
1850, he was a candidate for re-election 
against Hon. Robert Dale Owen, who subse- 
quently withdrew from the contest, thus mak- 
ing Mr. Bright's election without opposition. 
In 1856, his term having expired, he again 
sought a re-election, which was granted him 
after a memorable contest which was decided 
by the United States senate, in a strictly party 
vote. In the senate, Mr. Bright ranked high 
as a connnittee worker, and enjoyed great per- 
sonal popularity. Such was his standing that 
on the death of Vice President King, in 1853, 
he was elected president pro tempore of the 
senate, which he filled with ability until the 
inauguration of John C. Breckinridge, in 1857. 
In the latter year, when forming his cabinet. 
President Buchanan offered Mr. Bright the 
secretaryship of state, which position he saw 
fit to decline. He continued a senator until 
1862, when he was e.xpelled for disloyalty, by 
a vote of thirty-two to fourteen. The princi- 

pal proof of his crime was in recommending to 
Jefferson Davis, in March, 1861, Thomas Lin- 
coln, of Te.xas, a person desirous of furnishing 
arms to the confederacy. Mr. Bright organized 
and led tiic Breckinridge party in Indiana in 
i860, and in stumping for the brilliant young 
Kentuckian gave the movement all the force 
and vitality it had in this state. He left Indi- 
ana soon after the legislature of 1863 refused 
to return him to the United States .senate, and 
took up his residence in Kentucky, in the legis- 
lature of which state he subsequcntl\- scr\c(i 
two terms. In 1874, he removed to Balti- 
more, in which city he died on the 20th of 
May, 1875, of organic disease of the heart. 
Mr. Bright had a splendid physique, and 
weighed about 200 pounds. He had a good 
head and a good face, but was inqierious in 
manner and brooked no opposition from either 
friend or foe. -'He was the Dantmi i.f Indiana 
democracy, and was both loved and feared by 
'his followers. " 

>Y*OH\ PETTIT was born at Sackctfs 
i Harbor, N. Y., July 24, 1S07. an.l 
^y died in Lafayette, Ind., June 17, 1S77. 
After receiving a classical education 
and studying law, he was admitted to the bar 
in 1838, and ctjunnenced the practice of his 
profession at Lafayette, Ind He soon became 
active in state politics, was in the legislature 
two terms and served as United States district 
attorne}' He was elected to congress as a 
democrat in 1842, re-elected to the next con- 
gress and served with distinguished ability in 
that body from December 4, 1843, to March 
3, 1849. He was a democratic elector in 
1852, and in January, 1853, was chosen 
United States senator to fill the unexpired 
term occasioned by the death of James W'hit- 
comb, serving as such until March 3, 1855, 



during which time he earned the reputation of 
an able and painstaking legislator. In 1859 
he was appointed, by James Buchanan, chief 
justice of Kansas, and in 1870 was elected 
supreme judge of Indiana He was a delegate 
to the Chicago democratic convention in 1864, 
and as a political leader wielded a strong in- 
fluence in Indiana in a number of state and 
national contests. He was renominated for 
supreme judge in 1876, but owing to scandals 
connected with the court, which excited popu- 
lar indignation, he was forced off the ticket, 
and the name of Judge Perkins substituted. 

aHARLES W. CATHCART, of whose 
public and private history but little is 
now known, was born on the island 
of Madeira, in 1809. He received a 
liberal education and early in life shipped as a 
sailor, and after a number of years spent on 
the sea located, in 183 1, at La Porte, Ind., 
where he engaged in farming. He served sev- 
eral years as land surveyor, was a representa- 
tive in the legislature, and in 1845 was an 
elector on the democratic ticket. He was 
elected to the congress of the United States in 
1845-47, re-elected the latter year to serve 
until 1849, and was afterward appointed to 
fill the unexpired term occasioned by the 
death of James Whitcomb. He served as 
senator from December 6, 1852, to March 3, 
1853, and at the expiration of his term re- 
turned to La Porte county, where his death 
subsequently occurred. 

^""^^RAHAM N. FITCH was born in Le 
■ ^^ Roy, Genesee county, N. Y. , on the 
\^M 5th of December, 1810, and is said 
to have been the first white child 
born in that town. His grandfather was a 

soldier in the Revolutionary war, and his 
father, a soldier in the war of 1812, was 
wounded at the battle of Queenstown. Mr. 
Fitch received a liberal education, and in 
early life chose the medical profession for a 
life work, and completed a course of study in 
the same in the college of physicians and sur- 
geons of western New York. He came to 
Indiana in 1834, and settled at Logansport, 
where his successful career soon won for him 
the reputation of one of the most skillful sur- 
geons and thorough practitioners in the west. 
In 1844 he accepted a professorship in Rush 
Medical college, at Chicago, and occupied the 
chair of theory and practice during the years 
1844-47. Though not naturally a politician, 
Dr. Fitch, from force of circumstances, was 
drawn into the arena of politics, where his 
commanding talents and energy marked him 
as the people's choice. In 1836 and again in 
1839, he was chosen to represent Cass county 
in the state legislature. Subsequently, at the 
election in August, 1847, he was chosen to 
represent his district in the lower house of 
congress, holding that responsible position 
until 1852. During his membership he was 
active and efficient in the discharge of his 
duties, earning the reputation of a good legis- 
lator. His legislative capacity was further 
tested by an experience in the senate of the 
United States, commencing in 1860-61. The 
honorable distinction acquired in subordinate 
legislative positions was not dimmed by his 
senatorial experience, and he left that distin- 
guished body with a record of which posterity 
need not be ashamed. Although a democrat 
in political affiliations, he always esteemed 
principals above mere partisanship and was 
not slow to manifest disapprobation when his 
party seemed disposed to pursue a course of 
policy in antagonism to his better judgment. 
In the triangular contest for the presidency 
between Mr. Lincoln, Mr. Douglas and Mr. 



Breckinridge, he gave his undivided support 
to the last named gentleman, influenced there- 
to by a belief that his election would prevent 
the threatening civil war. Again, when his 
party rallied to the support of Mr. Greeley, he 
manifested his dissent by supporting Mr. 
O'Conor for the presidenc}-. When the war 
came on, he raised a regiment, the Forty-sixth 
Indiana, and at its head entered the federal 
service. He did brilliant service in several 
campaigns, but owing to an injury received by 
the falling of his horse, .was compelled to leave 
the service before the expiration of the war. 
Since the close of the war, he has continued 
to practice his profession, not interfering in 
political affairs except to preserve the integ- 
rity of his inherent ideas with the vigor of his 
palmier days, opposing whatever he conceives 
to be wrong in civil and political affairs. In 
personal appearance. Dr. Fitch is a remarkable 
specimen of physical manhood, having a well 
knit frame and a courtly dignity which 
bespeaks the polished gentleman. In his 
prirrte he appeared a knight among men, and 
while a member of the United States senate 
is said to have been the finest looking man in 
that bod)-. 

,V^^ AVID TURPIE was born in Hamil- 
I I ton county, Ohio, in 1829, graduated 
/^^_^ at Kenyon college, studied law, and 
began practice at Logansport, Ind., 
in 1849. He was a member of the legislature 
in 1852, was appointed judge of the court of 
common pleas in 1854, and of the circuit court 
in 1856, which post he resigned. He was 
again a member of the state house of repre- 
sentatives in 1856, and was elected to the 
United States senate from Indiana, as a dem- 
ocrat, in place of Jesse D. Bright, who had 
been expelled, serving from January 22 to 
March 3, 1863. Nearly twenty-four years 

afterward he was again called on by his party 
to represent them in the senate, to which 
body he was elected by the Indiana legislature, 
at the session of 1886-7, after a memorable 
struggle. His opponent was Benjamin Harri- 
son, afterward elected president, and he was 
defeated by the votes of one or two independ- 
ents in the legislature, whe held the balance 
of power between the two great parties, which 
were almost equally divided in voting strength 
among the members. Mr. Turpie enjoys the 
reputation of being one of the ablest constitu- 
tional lawyers in Indiana, and is also graded 
high as a man of literary attainments. 

<y^ AXIEL D. PRATT born at Pal- 
I I ermo, Maine, October 24, 1813, and 
/^^ died at Logansport, Ind., June 17, 
1877. His father was a physician 
and the son of David Pratt, a revolutionary 
soldier, of Berkshire county, Mass. Mr. 
Pratt's early years were years of excessive toil, 
necessitated by the circumstances of his fath- 
er's family. His early education was acquired 
in the district schools of Madison county, N. 
Y., and in 1825 he entered the .seminary at 
Cazenovia, that state, and two years later 
entered Hamilton college, from which he 
graduated in 183 i. He was a natural orator, 
and as a classical scholar was rarely excelled. 
Immediately after graduating he accepted a 
professorship in Madison university, and with 
the means thus earned began the study of law. 
In the spring of 1832, he decided to move 
west. Accordingly he set out for Cincinnati, 
making a part of the journey on foot, and later 
made his way to Rising Sun, Ind., where he 
taught a term of school. Subsequently he en- 
tered the law office of Calvin Fletcher, at 
Indianapolis, and in 1836 located in Logans- 
port, at that titnd- a mere opening in the 



wilderness. The bright promises of his early 
youth were soon fully realized, for no sooner 
was he admitted to the bar than he rapidly 
rose in his profession, and in a few years the 
fame of the eloquent young advocate resounded 
throughout northern Indiana. He was one 
who never courted notoriety, but he made 
himself a necessity in the field of action, and 
it was often a race between litigants to see 
who could reach his office first. At the time 
of his election to the United States senate in 
1869, he was recognized as the ablest lawyer 
in northern Indiana, and his fame was not 
confined to this state alone, but extended 
throughout the western country. For twenty- 
five years he was without a rival in northern 
Indiana, before a jury. Gov. Hendricks and 
Sec. Thompson divided the palm with him in 
the south and west parts of the state. His 
eminent merits were recognized, and in 1 847 
he was nominated for congress, but was de- 
feated by Charles Cathcart. In 1848, he was 
one of the presidential electors, and in 1851- 
53 was elected to the legislature, and soon be- 
came the leader in the house. In i860 he 
was secretary of the national convention at 
Chicago, which nominated Abraham Lincoln 
for the presidency, and attracted great atten- 
tion by his eloquence and commanding pres- 
ence. During the war Mr. Pratt was a zeal- 
ous and patriotic advocate of the Union cause. 
In 1863 he received the unanimous vote of his 
party, then in the minority, for United States 
senator, and in 1868 was elected to congress 
by a handsome majority. In 1868 the legisla- 
ture, without solicitation on his part, promoted 
him to the United States senate. It was un- 
fortunate that he entered that body so late in 
life, as he was then tifty-si.x years of age, and 
with the exception of two terms in the state 
legislature was without public training. The 
artificial restraint thrown around him in the 
national capital disgusted him, and interfered 

with his splendid oratorical powers. As it 
was, however, he was recognized as one of the 
ablest men of that body during the period of 
his service, and although he made but few 
speeches, those he delivered were sound, log- 
ical and comprehensive. For six years he was 
a member of both claim and pension com- 
mittees, and for two years was chairman of 
the pension committee. Millions of dollars 
were allowed and dis-allowed on his recom- 
mendation. So conscientious was he that 
Wendell Phillips once remarked that ' ' Pratt is 
the most absolutely honest man I ever knew." 
Upon the expiration of his ^erm as senator, at 
the solicitation of Pres. Grant he took charge 
of the internal revenue department. In 1876, 
the republicans urged Mr. Pratt to become a 
candidate for governor of the state, but he de- 
clined. Personally Mr. Pratt was one of the 
most cheerful and genial of men, and in his 
social life, and all his associations, shed an in- 
fluence around him which was like sunshine. 
Although he never sought literary honors, his 
talents could not be unappreciated, and in 
1872 Hamilton college conferred upon him 
the honorary degree of LL. D. In appear- 
ance he was above the average height, being 
over six feet and correspondingly portly. His 
presence was dignified and he moved among 
men as one born to command. In his death 
the nation lost one of its faithful public serv- 
ants, the state a great man, the legal profes- 
sion one of its ablest members and the com- 
munity one of its best citizens. 

>Y*OSEPH E. Mcdonald was bom in 
M Butler county, Ohio, August 29, 18 19, 
A 1 the son of John McDonald, a native of 
Pennsylvania, and of Scotch descent. 
Maternally, Mr. McDonald is descended from 
French Huguenot ancestr}'. His mother, 



Eleanor (Piatt) McDonald, was a native of 
Pennsylvania and a woman of superior order 
of intellect. Seven years after the death of 
John McDonald she married John Kerr, who 
moved with his family to Montgomery county, 
Ind., in the fall of 1826. Joseph McDonald 
was seven years of age when the family moved 
to Indiana, and until his twelfth year he lived 
upon the home farm. In his twelfth year he 
became an apprentice at the saddler's trade in 
Lafayette, in which capacity he served out 
five years, studying law in the meantime, for 
which he early manifested a decided taste. At 
the age of eighteen he entered Wabash col- 
lege, began the study of the higher branches, 
supporting himself mainly by plying his trade 
when it was possible for him to do so. He 
afterward became a student in the Asbury 
university, and in 1842 began the systematic 
study of law at Lafayette, Ind., in the office 
of Zebulon Beard, one of the leading lawyers 
of the state. He was nominated for the office 
of prosecuting attorney before his adfnission to 
the bar, and was elected to that position over 
one of the prominent lawyers of Lafayette. 
He was re-elected prosecutor, and discharged 
the duties of that office for a period of four 
years. In the fall of 1847, he moved to 
Crawfordsville, which place was his home 
until 1859. In 1849 he was elected from the 
old eighth district and to the twenty-first con- 
gress, and served one term, and in 1856 was 
elected attorney general of Indiana, being the 
first chosen to this office by the people. He 
was re-elected in 1858, and served two terms. 
In 1864 he was nominated for governor of 
Indiana by the democratic state convention, 
and made a joint canvass with Oliver P. Mor- 
ton, the republican nominee. At the election 
he received 6,000 more votes for governor 
than the state ticket did in 1862, but. Mr. 
Morton was elected by nearly 20,000 votes. 
Throughout his entire life he has strictlv 

adhered to his resolution to follow the law and 
make a success of the profession, and as a 
lawyer he has for years ranked among the 
most successful and profound in the nation. 
He was elected to the United States senate 
for si.\ years, to succeed David D. Pratt, and 
entered upon the duties of that position March 
5, 1875. While a member of that body he 
was chairman of the committee on public 
lands, a member of the judiciary committee, 
took a conspicuous part in the debates on 
finance, and ranked as one of the ablest law- 
yers in that body of distinguished men. He 
served with distinction until 1881, since which 
time he has given his attention principally to 
the practice of of his profession, though taking 
an active part in political affairs, being one of 
the recognized leaders of the democracy in the 
United States. He made the principal argu- 
ment for the objectors in the count of the 
electoral vote of Louisiana before the electoral 
commission appointed to determine the result 
of the presidential election in 1876. In the 
national democratic convention, held in Chi- 
cago in 1884, Mr. McDonald's name was pre- 
sented as a candidate for the presidential 
nomination, and he had a strong following in 
the delegation from a number of states. He 
is and always has been a representative demo- 
crat of the Jeffersonian school, and beliexes 
that the true idea of democracy is to preserve, 
unimpaired, all the rights reserved to the 
states respectively, and to the people, without 
infringing upon any of the powers delegated to 
the general government by the constitution. 
"He believes in the virtue of the people, and 
in their ability and purpose to maintain their 
institutions inviolate against the assaults of 
designing men." "As an orator, both at the 
bar and on the hustings, he is cool, logical and 
forcible, and as a citizen, he has the confi- 
dence and respect of all who know him, 
regardless of political creeds." "His \iews 



are broad and comprehensive on all questions 
of public interest, and his steadfastness of pur- 
pose, his honest desire of accomplishing what 
is best for the people, have given him a home 
in their hearts and won for him the greatest 
honors they had to bestow." 

^.y^ ANIEL W. VOORHEES was born 
I 1 in Butler county, Ohio, September 
/^^_y 26, 1827, and was brought to Indiana 
by his parents when two months old. 
The family settled in Fountain county, where 
Mr. Voorhees grew to manhood on a farm 
about ten miles from the town of Covington. 
His father, Stephen Voorhees, was a native of 
Mercer county, Ky. , and a descendant of an 
old Holland family, many representatives of 
which were among the early settlers of the 
eastern states in the time of the colonies. His 
mother was Rachel (Elliot) Voorhees, born in 
Maryland of Irish ancestry, and married 
Steqhen Voorhees in the year 1821. The early 
farm e.xperience of Mr. Voorhees proved of 
great value to him in after life, and served to 
bind him in ties of sympathy with the com- 
mon people. He graduated from the Asbury, 
now DePauw, university, at Greencastle, in 
1 849, and soon afterward entered the law office 
of Lane & Wilson, Crawfordsville, and on 
his admission to the bar, began the practice of 
his profession at Covington, Fountain county, 
where he soon effected a co-partnership with 
Hon. E. A. Hannegan in 1852. In June, 1853, 
Mr. Voorhees was appointed by Gov. Wright 
prosecuting attorney of the circuit court, in 
which position he soon established a fine repu- 
tation as a criminal lawyer. In 1856 he was 
nominated by acclamation democratic candi- 
date for congress, but was defeated by 230 
majority in a district previously republican by 
2,600. In 1857 he removed to Terre Haute, 

and the following year was appointed United 
States district attorney for the state of Indi- 
ana by President Buchanan. He was elected 
to congress in i860 and 1862, and in 1864 was 
again a successful candidate, but in the last 
election his majority of 634 votes was contested 
by his competitor, Henry D. Washburn, who 
obtained the seat. He was again elected in 
1868, re-elected in 1870, but in 1872 was de- 
feated by Hon. Morton C. Hunter. In 1859 
Mr. Voorhees was retained as counsel to defend 
Col. Cook, who was arrested with John Brown 
as an accomplice of the latter in the celebrated 
Harper's Ferry raid, and his speech at the 
trial was one of the greatest ever delivered 
before an American jury, and it gained him a 
national reputation. It was listened to with 
rapt attention by a vast audience, and was 
afterward published all over the country, and 
in Europe in several different languages. Mr. 
Voorhees was appointed November 6, 1877, to 
succeed Gov. Morton in the United States 
senate, ahd has served by successive re-elec- 
tions in that distinguished body until the pres- 
ent time. From his entrance into public life 
he has occupied a conspicuous place in the 
eyes of the public, and at the bar, on the stump 
or in the halls of national legislation, he has 
been a man of mark. His powers as a parlia- 
mentary orator and a statesman are a portion 
of the history of the nation, and as a party 
leader few if any have exercised as great an 
influence upon the people of Indiana as he. 
"From the sobriquet of the Tall Sycamore of 
the Wabash, so often applied to him, it will be 
inferred that he is of tall stature, which is the 
case, as he is over six feet in height and weighs 
over 200 pounds. He carries himself erect, 
and his commanding presence and dignified 
bearing make him a conspicuous figure in the 
senate chamber." During his term of service 
in the senate he has been assiduous in his 
attention to the public needs. He is always 



and authority on subjects relating' to biolof,'iral 

present and allows no measure of his political 
opponents to pass without the severest scru- 
tiny, and with him vigilance is the price of 

^V^ R. DAVID J. JORDAN.— The above 
I I named gentleman is one of the most 
/^^_^ prominent of that coterie of scientific 
writers who have done so much to 
attract attention to the physical resources of 
Indiana. For many years Prof. Jordan has 
been president of the state university. He 
was educated at Cornell university, and after- 
ward studied biology under the famous Agassiz, 
in his celebrated summer school, Penikese is- 
land. Coming west, Jordan taught his spec- 
ialty in the university of Wisconsin, Indianapo- 
lis high school, Butler university and finally the 
Indiana university, of which his talents even- 
tually made him president. Prof. Jordan de- 
voted most of his attention for many years to 
the study of the habits and classification of the 
fishes of North America. On this subject he 
has published over 200 papers, besides a large 
work which has become a standard authority 
on ichthyology. In enthusiastic pursuit of his 
favorite study. Dr. Jordan made a fine and 
extensive collection of nearly ten thousand 
specimens of fishes, reptiles and birds, but un- 
fortunately these were all destroyed by a dis- 
astrous fire in 1883. With characteristic 
energy he set to work to repair the damage, 
and soon had a better collection than ever. 
He has been a voluminous writer on scientific 
subjects; the greater part being devoted to his 
specialty, the fishes of the western states. He 
has gathered around him, at Bloomington, a 
school of students who have grown up under 
his care, imbibed his tastes, and greatly assist- 
ed him in his scientific researches. The re- 
sult of their conjoint labors and writings has 
been to make the state university the center 

eK()I<. JOHN COLLETT, tiu' 
distiiiguishL'd of Indiana geologists, 
is a native of tiiis state, having been 
born in Vermillion county in 1828 and 
graduated at Wabash college in 1847. He 
has taken an active part in politics, having 
been state senator, state house conimissicmer, 
state statistician and state geologist, l^ut his 
chief fame and his chief claim upon the grati- 
tude of his state, are based upon his work as a 
scientist. Prof. Collett's life has been studi- 
ous, useful to the geology of Indiana, and has 
done more than any other person to make 
known the natural resources of the state, es- 
pecially to advertise to the world the \alue of 
its coal measures and stone quarries. Chiefly 
through his efforts, the building stone of In- 
diana has been introduced to commerce, and 
is now used extensively for the construction of 
public buildings in all parts of the Union. He 
proved its superiority by a series of tests. 
From 1880 to 1884, he was state geologist, 
and for many years previously had served as 
an assistant in that office, to which he contri- 
buted his most earnest labor and the riches of 
his well stored mind. In 1884, he published 
the first and best geological map of the state 
ever issued, and has written voluminously on 
all subjects relating to the geology of the state. 
There is not a county he has not visited and 
studied, nor one with those geological history, 
dating far back into the dim twilight of the 
pre-historic periods, he is not so familiar as to 
be able to trace and read like an open book. 
Prof. Collett belongs to that useful class of 
citizens which, while not obtaining the passing 
applause and glittering fame that is conferred 
upon the politician in high office, confer more 
lasting benefits upon mankind and arc of more 



actual value to a state than all its politicians 
put together. Indiana needs more John Col- 
letts and fewer "statesman" of the Col. Mul- 
berry Sellers and Senator Dillworthy type. 


no more picturesque personality in 
the Hoosier state than the poet, 
^ naturalist, essayist, story writer and 
publicist, whose name heads this sketch. A 
native of the south, he possesses the frank- 
ness, ardor, geniality of disposition and fervent 
feelings so characteristic of the warm latitudes. 
His home, however, since the war has been in 
Indiana, with whose institutions and people he 
has become thoroughly identified. Mr. 
Thompson's tastes are literary and his occupa- 
tion and fame lie in that direction, but occa- 
sionally he takes an excursive flight into poli- 
tics, more by way of diversion than otherwise. 
He has served one or two terms as member of 
the lower house of the legislature, and one 
term also as state geologist by appointment of 
Gov. Gray. He prefers, however, to wander 
over the fields and woodlands, watching the 
habits of birds, and studying nature in all her 
varying moods. On these subjects he writes 
most entertainingly in stories, in poems, and 
in magazine essays. He is a born naturalist 
and is never so happy as when studying the in- 
teresting flora and fauna of his adopted state. 
He views naturS with the eye of an artist, and 
describes her charms with the heart of a poet. 
One of his books covering these subjects, en- 
titled "Sylvan Secrets," is as charming as an 
Arabian tale. "The Red-head Family" is a 
bird sketch of the most delightful description, 
in which the imaginings of a poet, and the 
word painting of an artist are mingled with, 
and give color to, ornithological information of 
the most exact kind because gathered by a 

student of nature in actual contact with what 
he describes. Bird song, nest building, bird 
anatomy, the loves, hates, trials and habits of 
the songsters of the grove, are themes which 
this poet-naturalist has enriched with the ap- 
preciation of a Thoreau, and the descriptive 
powers of a Goldsmith. One of his articles, a 
gem of its kind, describes the habits of the 
mockidg-bird in his native southern haunts. 
Mr. Thompson says, what is not generally 
known, that the mocker sometimes sings as it 
flies, after the manner of the skylark, and he 
dwells at length, on one of these "descending 
songs," which the mocker poured forth as he 
fluttered on ecstatic wing from branch to 
branch, and finally, by slow degrees, to the 
earth, where he fell exhausted with the efforts 
to produce his own exquisite melody. Mr. 
Thompson is a voluminous magazine writer 
and covers a wide variety of topics with un- 
flagging ability. He is a conspicuous member 
of that galaxy of literary stars who have shed 
such luster upon Indiana since the war period, 
and contributed so much to give her high rank 
in the world of letters. 

M fifteen or twenty years ago there 
A 1 commenced to appear in various pa- 
pers of Indiana poems in dialect, re- 
lating to homely phases of human life and 
touching on those domestic topics that are 
common to every fireside. At first they only 
attracted the attention of a few, but by de- 
grees their fame spread as they were more and 
more appreciated, and people began to en- 
quire the author of such pieces as "The Old 
Swimmin' Hole," "When the Frost is on the 
Punkin and the Fodder's in the Shock," "The 
Flying Islands" and other gems, the charac- 
teristics of which were a gentle humor, always 


accompanied by a rich vein of tenderest 
pathos. Usually these poems purported to be 
written by "Mr. Johnson, of Boone," or some 
other bucolic individual unknown to fame. 
Most of them were published in the various 
newspapers edited by the late George C. 
Harding, himself a universal genius of the 
first water, and always in sympathy with ris- 
ing literary talent, which he did more than 
any other newspaper proprietor of the state 
to foster and develop. Hy degress it leaked 
out that the author of the popular dialect 
poems was none other than James Whitcomb 
Riley, a young man of Hancock county, who 
from the rude life of a farmer boy found him- 
self drifting irresistibly into rhyme, like the 
noted Mr. Wegg. In the course of time, Mr. 
Riley's fugitive pieces were collected and 
published in a volume, which was succeeded, 
at intervals, by others of a similar tenor, all 
of which were were warmly welcomed and 
generally read by lovers of that kind of verse 
which deals with lowl\- human nature, and as 
it comes from the heart of the writer, goes di- 
rectly to the hearts of the readers. Soon Mr. 
Riley had a state reputation and was wel- 
comed everywhere with affection as the typi- 
cal "Hoosier Poet." It was not until the 
national meeting of authors in New York, in 
the winter of 1886-87, that Riley's fame 
spread across the state lines and extended to 
boundaries that are touched by the two great 
oceans. The select critics of literatare in the 
east fell easy victims to his genial personal 
address and platform ability, and when the 
meeting adjourned, Mr. Riley was, by general 
consent, placed high up on the temple of fame 
alongside of the most popular American poets. 
After that, he figured conspicuously on the 
lecture platform as a reciter of his poems, 
and has been much sought after for concert 
and lyceum work. Mr. Riley is a distinctive 
Hoosier product and his poems are rich with 

the flavor of the soil from which their author 
sprang. He has done much to give Indiana high 
rank in the literary world, and for this, as well 
as for the intrinsic merits of his compositions, 
enjoys a warm place in the hearts of his fellow 
citizens of the Hoosier state. 

*y-» KWIS W.U.LACE.— Though a sol- 
I r (iier of distinction in tW(i wars, it is 
I Jl not as a military man that Gen. Wal- 
lace has achieved his principal fame. 
It has been rather with the pen than the 
sword he has conquered, and no Indianian has 
carved his name so high on the literary temple 
as the distinguished subject of this sketch. A 
son of Gov. l)a\id \\'allace, he was born in 
Brookvillc, Ind.. on the lOtli of April, 1S27. 
He received a conniion school education and 
was studying law when the Mexican war roused 
him from his reveries. He served in that war 
with credit as a first lieutenant, and at its close 
resumed his profession, which he practiced 
chiefly in the cities of Covington and Craw- 
fordsville, Ind. He scrveti a term of four 
years in the state senate, but never took kindly 
to politics. At the breaking out of the civil 
war, he was appointed adjutant general of In- 
diana, soon after becoming colonel of the 
Eleventh Indiana volunteers, with which he 
served in West \'irginia, participating in the 
capture of Roinney and the ejection of the 
enemy from Harper's I'erry. He became a 
brigadier general of volunteers in the fall of 
1 861, led a division at the capture of Fort 
Donelson, and displayed such ability as to 
receive a major general's commission in the 
following spring. He participated conspicu- 
ously in the fated field of Shiloh. In 1864 he 
was assigned to the command of the middle 
department, with headquarters at Baltimore, 
Md. With 5,800 men, he marched to the 



banks of the Monocacy, and there offered bat- 
tle to the overwhelming forces of Gen. Jubal 
A. Early, who, with 28,000 men, was march- 
ing triumphantly upon the national capital. 
On the afternoon of the 9th of July, hard by 
the railroad bridge that spans the Monocacy, 
near Frederick, Md. , was fought one of the 
bloodiest engagements of the war, in propor- 
tion to the number engaged. Gen. Wallace 
was entrenched behind stone fences that 
stretched along the heights near the bridge and 
at right angles with the river. McCausland's 
cavalry, which led the vanguard of Early's 
army, -crossed the stream and made a vigorous 
assault upon Wallace's lines, but, after a very 
spirited and bloody engagement, they were 
forced to retreat, but took up and held a posi- 
tion in the rear. Soon thereafter a long line 
of infantry were seen fording the Monocacy, 
and filing right under cover of hills and trees 
to a position in front of Gen. Wallace's center. 
These troops were the famous ' ' Stonewall 
brigade," formerly made immortal by Jackson, 
but now consolidated with other seasoned vet- 
erans into a division commanded by Major 
Gen. John C. Breckinridge. They deployed 
and were ordered to advance directly to the 
assault of Gen. Wallace's main position. The 
onset was furious and the fatalities on both 
sides many hundreds in a few minutes. The 
Union troops resisted stubbornly, but were 
finally forced to give way, and the hundreds of 
dead bodies observable on the field after the 
fight showed how bravely they had endeavored 
to stem the tide of invasion. Though defeated. 
Gen. Wallace and his troops had accomplished 
the important duty of delaying Early until 
reinforcements could reach Washington. 

Gen. Wallace was second member of the 
court that tried the assassins of Lincoln and 
president of that which convicted Wirz of the 
Andersonville prison horrors. In 1878 Gen. 
Wallace was governor of Utah and served 

from 1 88 1 to '85 as minister to Turkey. He 
has lectured extensively and is one of the most 
popular of the platform speakers of the day. 
His chief fame, however, rests upon his 
authorship of the religio-historical novel, 
"Ben Hur; a Tale of the Christ," of which 
over 290,000 have been sold without diminu- 
tion in the demand. It has already become 
an American classic, and takes front rank 
among the imaginative works of the world. 
Other popular works by Gen. Wallace are, 
"The Fair God," a story of the conquest of 
Mexico, "Life of Benjamin Harrison" and 
"The Boyhood of Christ." No other Indian- 
ian has done so much to give his state high 
rank in the field of polite literature. 

^~^ CHUYLER COLFAX, statesman, and 
•^^^^T vif^s president of the United States, 
^^ y was born in the city of New York, 
March 23, 1823. His grandfather. 
Gen. William Colfax, was a native of Con- 
necticut, and served with distinction in the 
war of American independence. His father 
died before his son's birth, as did also a sister, 
and thus he became the only child of his wid- 
owed mother. The early years of Mr. Colfax 
were spent in his native city, where he attend- 
ed the public schools and afterward became 
clerk in a store. In 1836 he came to Indiana, 
and located at New Carlisle, St. Joseph coun- 
ty, where he again entered a store as clerk, 
and in 1841 he became a resident of South 
Bend, in which city he subsequently received 
tne appointment of deputy auditor. In 1842 
he was active in organizing a temperance soci- 
ety at South Bend, and continued a total 
abstainer throughout his life. At this time he 
reported the proceedings of the state senate 
for the Indianapolis Journal, and in 1844 
entered the political arena as a public speaker 



for Henry Clay. In 1845 he became editor 
and proprietor of the St. Joseph Valley Reg- 
ister, of which he was also founder, and he 
continued its publication for a period of eight- 
een years. He was secretary of the Chicago 
harbor and river convention in 1847, and in 
1848 was elected secretary of the national 
whig convention, at Baltimore, which nomin- 
ated Gen. Zachary Taylor for the presidency. 
He was a member of the Indiana constitution- 
al convention of 1850, and in 1851 received 
the whig nomination for congress. His oppo- 
nent was Hon. Graham N. Fitch, an able pol- 
itician and and a fine speaker, with whom he 
engaged in a joint canvass, during which the 
two men traveled over 1,000 miles and held 
over seventy discussions. The district was 
strongly democratic, yet Mr. Colfax was 
defeated by only 200 votes. In 1852 he was 
a delegate to the national convention which 
nominated Gen. Scott for the presidency, and 
in 1854 was elected to the Thirty-fourth con- 
gress by the memorable majority of 1,776 
votes, although the same district in previous 
years gave a democratic majority of 1,200. In 
1858 he was again triumphantly elected to 
congress, and served as a member of that body 
by successive elections until 1869. He was 
elected speaker of the house in December, 
1863, and on April 8th, of the following year, 
he descended from the chair to move the 
expulsion of Mr. Long, of Ohio, who had 
made a speech favoring the recognition of the 
southern confederacy. The resolution was 
afterward changed to one of censure, and Mr. 
Colfax's action was generally sustained by 
Union men. On the convening of the Thirty- 
ninth congress, Mr. Colfax was again elected 
speaker by 139 votes, his opponent, Mr. 
Brooks, of New York, receiving but thirty-six. 
March 4, 1867, he was for the third time 
chosen speaker, and his skill as a presiding 
officer, often shown under very trying circum- 

stances, gained the applause of both friends 

and political opponents. In Mav, 1 SfiS, the 
republican national cunvcntion at Chicago 
nominated him on the first ballot for vice pres- 
ident. Gen. Grant being the presidential nom- 
inee, and the ticket having been successful, he 
took his seat as president of the senate March 
4, 1869. In August, 1 87 1, the president 
offered him the position of secretary of state 
for the remainder of his term, but he declined. 
In 1872 he was prominently mentioned as a 
presidential candidate, and the same year he 
refused the editorship of the New York Trib- 
une. "In 1873, Mr. Colfax was implicated in 
the charges of corruption brought against 
members of congress who had received shares 
in the credit mobilier of America. The house 
committee reported that there was no ground 
for his impeachment, as the alleged offense, if 
committed at all, was committed before he 
became vice president." "He denied the 
truth of the charges and his friends have 
always regarded his character as irreproacha- 
ble." His latter years were spent mostly in 
retirement at his home in South Bend, and in 
delivering public lectures, which he freciuenth' 
did, before large audiences. The most popu- 
lar of his lectures was that on "Lincoln and 
Garfield." He died at Mankota, Minn,, Jan- 
uary 13, 1885. 

,>^ OBERT DALE OWEN was the son 

|/^ of Robert J. Owen, a celebrated 

J 9 English reformer, who was born in 

1 77 1 and died 1858. He was born 

near Glasgow, Scotland, November 7, 1801, 

and after receiving a liberal education in his 

native country, came to the United States in 

1823 and settled at New Harmony, Posey 

count)', Ind. In 182S, in partnership with 

Mrs. Frances Wright, he began the publica- 



tion of a paper called the Free Enquirer, 
which made its periodical visits about three 
years. He was three times elected to the 
Indiana legislature, and in 1843 was elected to 
congress, in which body he served until 1847, 
having been re-elected in 1845. When in 
congress he took a prominent part in the set- 
tlement of the northwestern boundary dispute, 
and was largely instrumental in establishing 
the Smithsonian institute at Washington, of 
which he became one of the regents, and 
served on the building committee. He was a 
delegate to the cohstitutional convention in 
1850, and no one bore a more prominent part 
in the deliberations of that body than he. In 
1853 he was appointed charge d' affaires at 
Naples, and in 1855 was minister at Naples, 
holding the position until until 1858. During 
the civil war he was a firm supporter of the 
Union, and one of the first to advocate the 
emancipation of the slaves. Mr. Owen was a 
firm believer in the doctrines of spiritualism, 
and was fearless in his advocacy of the same. 
He inherited the communistic notions of his 
father, who had failed in numerous attempts 
to carry the system into practical operation, 
and he also signally failed in his attempts to 
accomplish a similar purpose. His scholastic 
attainments were of the highest order, and he 
possessed a mind well stored with general 
knowledge. He was indeed a man of tran- 
scendent ability and may justly be regarded as 
one the greatest, as well as one of the best, 
men Indiana has ever claimed. He contribut- 
ed largely to the literature of his day, and the 
following is a partial list of his best know 
works: "Moral Physiology," "Discussion 
with Original Bachelor on the Personality of 
God, and the Authenticity of the Bible," 
"Hints on Public Architecture," "Footfalls 
on the Boundaries of Another World," "The 
Wrong of Slavery and tne Right of Emancipa- 
tion," "Beyond the Breakers," a novel, 

"The Debatable Land Between this World 
and the Next," "Treading My Way," an au- 
tobiography. Mr. Owen departed this life at 
Lake George, N. Y. , January 24, 1877, aged 
seventy-six years. 

,>^ ICHARD W. THOMPSON, ex-sec- 
I /^ retary of the navy, is a native of Vir- 
l ^ P ginia, born in Culpeper county, June 
9,1809.. In the fall of 1831 he emi- 
grated to Indiana, and taught school in the 
town of Bedford, afterward establishing the 
Lawrence county seminary, which he con- 
ducted about one year. Abandoning school 
work he embarked in the mercantile business 
in Lawrence county, and while thus engaged 
began the study of law. He was admitted to 
the bar in 1834, and the same year he was 
elected a member of the Indiana legislature, 
in which body he not only displayed great 
ability and foresight, but was also instrumen- 
tal in shaping much important legislation. In 
1838 he was returned to the house, and the 
following year was chosen state senator, of 
which he was president pro tempore on the 
occasion of the resignation of Lieut. Gov. 
Wallace. In 1841 he was elected to the 
United States congress over Hon. John W. 
Davis, but declined a renomination to the 
same position, and in 1843 removed to Terre 
Haute, in which city he has since resided. 
He was a presidential elector on the Harrison 
ticket in 1840, zealously supporting Gen. Har- 
rison in public speeches, and by his pen, and 
was a defeated candidate for elector on the 
Clay ticket in 1844. In 1847 he was again 
elected to congress by the whig party, and be- 
came prominent in national legislation during 
his term, but at its expiration retired from 
public life. In 1849 he was appointed United 
States minister to Austria, by Gen. Taylor, 



but declined to accept the honor, and was also 
tendered several other appointments by the 
general government, all of which he saw fit to 
refuse. During the war for the Union he was 
active and rendered valuable service to his 
country, was commandant of Camp Dick 
Thompson, near Terre Haute, and also served 
as provost marshal of the district. He was 
again a presidential elector on the republican 
ticket in 1864, and a delegate to the national 
conventions of that party in 1878, and 1876, 
in the latter of which he nominated Oliver P. 
Morton for the presidency. In i S67-69 he 
was judge of the eighteenth circuit of the state, 
and on March 12, 1877, he entered Pres. 
Hayes' cabinet, as secretary of the navy. He 
served nearly^^through the administration, but 
resigned the position in 1881, to become chair- 
man of the American committee of the Pana- 
ma Canal company. Mr. Thompson has 
written many political platforms, and obtained 
a reputation for his ability in formulating 
party principles. He is an eloquent and effec- 
tive speaker, and a man of benevolence and 
unassuming manners. 

aOL. FRANCIS VIGO, whose name is 
prominently identified with the early 
history of Indiana, was born in the 
kingdom of Sardinia in 1 740, and 
died at Vincennes, Ind., in 1836. Until 1778 
he was a resident of the Spanish port of St. 
Louis, where, as an Indian trader, he acquired 
the title of the "Spanish Merchant." He re- 
moved to Vincennes a short time previous to 
its capture by Gen. George Rogers Clark, 
whom he was instrumental in assisting, for 
which he was afterward arrested by the British 
as a spy. In the Illinois campaigns of 1778 
and 1779, Col. Vigo rendered valuable service 

to the arm\' of ("lark l.\- :ulv:iiicing large sums 
of money for food and clnlliiii^. Tiuough his 
patriotism and sclf-sacrilice, he served the 
army and gave victory to the cause of the col- 
onies of the west. He was made commandant 
of the militia of Vincennes in 1790, and in 
iSiowasone of Gen. Harrison's confidential 
messengers to the Indians. His name will 
ever be associated with the early history <>( 
the Wabash vallcv. 

>Y*OHX \V. D.WIS. one nf Indiana's most 
M noted men, was born in C'umbcrland 
/* 1 county, Peini., July 17, 1799, and 
. died in 1859. He was well educated 
and graduated in medicine at Baltimore in 
1 82 1, shortly afterward removing to Carlisle, 
Ind. He was soon embarked on a political 
career and graduated for the purpose in that 
universal and popular school, the state legis- 
lature. He served several years in that bod\', 
and was chosen speaker of the house in 1832. 
In 1834 he was appointed a commissioner to 
negotiate a treaty with the Indians. He was 
elected to congress by the democrats, and 
served from December 7, 1835, until March 3, 
1837, was re-elected, and again served from 
1839 until 1 84 1, and from 1843 till 1847. 
During his last term he was speaker ol the 
house of representatives, having been elected 
on December i, 1845. He was United States 
commissioner to China in 1843-50, and gov- 
ernor of Oregon in 1853-54. He presided over 
the convention held at P>altimore in 1852, that 
nominated Franklin Pierre for the presidency. 
Mr. Davis was a strong man and a party leader 
of long continued popularity and well recog- 
nized ability. He was also a derided feature 
of the list of self-made Indiana publicists. 





MATHEW Mccormick. 




'ILLIAM ABBOTT, a retired farmer 
and prominent citizen of Centre 
township, Delaware county, Ind., 
was born in Warren county, Ohio, 
December 15, 1833, son of James and Rose 
(Keenan) Abbott. James Abbott was born 
where the city of Cincinnati now stands, Feb- 
ruary 27, 1794. He was a son of Aaron Ab- 
bott, of Enghsh extraction, who was born near 
Boston, Mass., but reared in Warren county, 
Ohio. Shortly after the removal of the family 
to that county the colony was attacked with 
cholera, and Mr. Abbott was one of the few 
who survived the scourge. Soon after the 
birth of his son, James, he died, and all pre- 
vious records of the family were lost. James 
Abbott was reared in Warren county, and 
there learned the trade of cabinet maker. 
While yet a minor he enlisted in the war of 
1812, and in 18 13 was in one of the vessels on 
Lake Erie during the battle between Commo- 
dore Perry of the Lawrence and the British 
fleet. His service did not extend over very- 
many months, and after his return home he 
located at Lebanon, Ohio, where he worked 
at his trade, remaining here until his marriage 
June 19, 1823. After this event he removed 
to Miami county, Ohio, where he engaged in 

farming for about twelve years, when he re- 
moved, in 1S47, to Indiana and became one of 
the early pioneers of Delaware county. He 
purchased a fine farm of one hundred and sixt\- 
acres, located about one mile east of Granville, 
in Niles township, and there remained until 
his death, which occurred October 14, 1874. 
His wife died April 16, 1881, and both were 
laid side by side in the Granville cemetery, 
where a modest stone marks their last resting 
place. Mr. Abbott was a successful business 
man and became possessed of considerable 
propcrt}-. Both he and his wife were mem- 
bers for many years of the Free Will Baptist 
church. In his early days he was a whig, but 
upon the birth of the republican party he joined 
that and supported its principles through Tife. 
He became the father of seven children: Aaron, 
who died in 1862; John K.. a resident of 
Miami county, Ohio ; Ellen, deceased ; William ; 
James D., a resident of Delaware county; 
George, a resident o! Albany, this county, and 
Sarah E., wife of Amos Wilson, of Henry 
county, Ind. 

William Abbott was born on the farm in 
Warren county, Ohio, and, like all farmer 
lads of that time, was early in life inured to 
hard labor. While still young he learned the 



trade of carpenter, and when there was no 
work to be performed on the farm he busied 
himself working at his trade. His educational 
advantages were very limited, and at the age 
of eighteen years he began life for himself, en- 
gaging in farming and working at the carpen- 
ter trade. For several years he rented land, 
but in 1866 he bought eighty acres in Niles 
township, this county. At the age of twelve 
years he had accompanied his father to Dela- 
ware county. After purchasing his farm he 
engaged in work upon it for some years, but 
in the fall of 1872 he moved into Muncie, 
where he conducted a private restaurant and 
hotel, which is now known as the Abbott 
house and is managed by a Mr. Braun of the 
the same place. In 1879 Mr. Abbott retired 
from this business, and two years later con- 
nected himself with the Citizens' National bank 
as director, which position he still holds. 
After leaving the hotel Mr. Abbott was ap- 
pointed courtroom bailiff, serving as such for 
seven years. He has a beautiful home of 
eight acres at Riverside, one of the most valu- 
able pieces of property in the neighborhood. 
June I, 1856, Mr. Abbott was married, in 
Delaware county, to Miss Frances M. Adset, 
born in Warren county, Ohio, daughter of J. 
and Mary Adset. Four children have been 
born of this marriage: Josephine, deceased; 
Marion; John C, an official in the bank, and 
an infant, deceased. Mr. Abbott enlisted in 
the service of his country, February 8, 1865, 
in company B, One Hundred Forty-seventh 
Indiana volunteer infantry, for one year, and 
served uutil July i, 1865, at Cumberlan, Md., 
but was not called upon for active duty. 

Politically Mr. Abbott affiliates with the 
republican party and has served as a justice of 
the peace in Niles township for eight years. 
Mrs. Abbott is a member of the Methodist 
church, and the famil) occupies a position of 
the greatest respectibility and prominence. 

aHARLES E. ADAMSON has become 
well known to all the principal busi- 
ness houses throughout the country 
as a patent attorney and the owner 
and patentee of the "Adamson Process Imita- 
tion Typewriting," wnich is much in use in the 
large cities for a certain class of printing. Mr. 
Adamson was born in Howard county, Ind., 
Aug. 25, 1 86 1, and is a son of Edom Adam- 
son, a native of Indiana, whose birth occurred 
in the township of Mt. Pleasant, Delaware 
county, in the year eighteen hundred and thir- 
ty-five. The father of Edom Adamson was 
Andrew Jackson Adamson, who is remembered 
as one of the pioneers of Delaware county and 
a prominent factor in the early developement 
of the section in which he resided. When a 
young man, Edom Adamson located in How- 
ard county, and there married Miss Lydia 
Timmons, and engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits. Subsequently, in 1872, he removed to 
Iowa, where he followed his chosen calling 
until 1878, when he returned to Howard coun- 
ty, wnere his death occurred in 1884. Edom 
Adamson was one of the brave men who left 
family and fireside and offered their lives upon 
the altar of their country during the dark peri- 
od of the great civil war. In 1861 he enlisted in 
company A, One Hundred and Thirtieth Indi- 
ana volunteer infantry, with which he served 
until the cessation of hostilities, and with 
which he took part in a number of bloody bat- 
tles and campaigns. For many years he was 
a prominent member of the Christian church, 
and he bore the reputation of a christian gen- 
tleman against whose character no breath of 
suspicion was known to have been uttered. Of 
the five children born to Edom and Lydia 
Adamson two daughters and one son are 
deceased, and two sons, Charles E. and 
Andrew Gilmore, reside in Muncie. 

Charles E. Adamson accompanied his par- 
ents to Iowa when • nine years of age and 



received his principal education in the schools 
of that state. Upon the return of the family 
to Howard county, he came to Muncie, and in 
the spring of 1883 established his present busi- 
ness, that of a general practice in the law per- 
taining to patents and the obtaining of patents. 
In this department of the legal profession he is 
considered an authnrity and very successful, 
and such has been the growth of his extensive 
business that at this time he requires the 
assistance of a large number of clerks in the 
Muncie office, and in his branch offices in 
\\^ashington and Chicago. Mr. Adamson is a 
broad-minded, keen business man, and his suc- 
cess for one so young in years has been much 
beyond the ordinary. He has been identified 
with a number of the leading enterprises of 
Muncie, was a charter member of the first 
board of trade of the city and one of the first 
gas well companies. He also subscribed to the 
Citizens' Enterprise company. Fraternally he 
belongs to Muncie lodge, I. O. O. F. In 1881 
Mr. Adamson and Miss Louisa E. Polk (daugh- 
ter of Dr. Robert Polk, an old and respected 
citizen of Centre township, Delaware county), 
were united in marriage, and one daughter, 
Anna Leo, has been born to their union. Re- 
ligiously Mr. Adamson subscribes to the Uni- 
versalist creed. 

>T^ONATHAN P. ADAMSON, deceased, 
J was one of the energetic, enterprising 
nt J and sagacious merchants of Muncie in 
her palmy days. A son of Jonathan 
and Ruth (Williams) Adamson, he was born 
near Economy, Wayne county, Ind., Decem- 
ber 16, 1818, and until forty-five years old 
lived on his native farm. He was largely self- 
educated, but his acquired knowledge excelled 
in its extent that of many who had had more 
extended advantages for securing school 
advantages. After having passed nearly a half 

century in the pursuit of agriculture, he dis- 
posed of his eighty acre farm in Wayne coun- 
ty, and about May i, 1865, or three weeks 
after the surrender of Gen. R. E. Lee, at 
Appomattox C. H., \'a. (April 9, 1865), Mr. 
Adamson came to Muncie, Delaware county, 
Ind., and engaged in mercantile trade, going, 
first, into the grocery business, having for his 
partner his nephew, B. R. Adamson; he then 
changed to the dry goods trade, with Mr. 
Hammer for his partner; later he resumed the 
traffic in groceries, with James N. Cropper as 
partner, and still later with Riley Jones, with 
whom he remained associated until within two 
weeks of his death, June 17, 1890, when he 
sold out. He met with great success as a 
merchant, especially with farmers, as he was 
genial and sociable, and well posted in farm- 
ing topics, as was quite natural, from his long 
personal experience in agriculture. He was 
of a religious turn of mind, but it was not 
until 1862 that he was baptized. In that year 
he united with the church in Jacksonburg, 
Wayne county, and on coming to Muncie, he 
and wife became prime movers in organizing 
the First Christian church, in which he at once 
became an elder and faithfully filled the posi- 
tion until the end. In politics he was a pro- 
nounced partisan but never an office seeker, 
yet for nine years, as a matter of duty to his 
fellow citizens, he filled the office of justice of 
the peace in Wayne county. He was first a 
free soiler, then a republican, and was lastly 
an ardent prohibitionist. 

November 22, 1838, Mr. Adamson was 
most happily united in marriage to his now 
venerable life companion, Emily Macy, daugh- 
ter of Reuben and Lucinda (Petty) Macy. 
This lady is also a native of Wayne county, 
Ind., and was born in 1822. There were no 
children born to their union, but they reared 
to useful maturity two girls and one boy, viz: 
Lucinda Hammer (a niece of Mrs. Adamson), 



now the wife of Thomas McCulloch, a farmer 
of Delaware county; John Adamson, a nephew, 
who fell in the defense of the Union, and last- 
ly, they adopted Nettie Adamson, at the age 
of three years, whom they educated in the best 
institutions of learning in the city, and who 
was married to William Fadely, of Muncie. 
Mr. and Mrs. Adamson, up to the time of his 
demise, had been companions over fifty-two 
years, and November 22, 1888, celebrated the 
golden anniversary of their wedding. " G. W. 
T. ," writing at Union City on the melancholy 
occasion of the death of Mr. Adamson, for 
publication in one of the daily journals, makes, 
among others, the following appropriate re- 

' ' Jonathan P. Adamson was born and raised 
in "Wayne county, Ind. In 1861 he heard the 
writer of this preach the primitive gosple, the 
first among our people he ever heard. After 
this he heard others of our preachers. 1862 
he was baptized on a profession of faith in the 
Christ, and to the day of his death he lived a 
faithful christian. He died on June 17, 1890, 
at the age of seventy-one years, six month and 
one day. I had been intimately acquainted 
with him for twenty-nine years. In the year 
1865 he removed to Muncie, Delaware county, 
Ind., and became closely allied to the cause 
there, and through his personal efforts, as 
much, or more than any other, was due the 
planting of our cause in that city. He was an 
officer in the church in Muncie from its organ- 
ization till his death. He was an upright 
citizen; as a business man, energetic and ap- 
preciated by all; outspoken on all leading 
questions, favoring what he conceived to be 
right and against the wrong. The only 
question with him was: Is it right.' If so, he 
did it. He had been afflicted for a number of 
years with catarrhal trouble, and was confined 
to his room about five months. The writer 
talked with him often about the future. He 

was willing and ready to depart and be with 
Christ. He was one of the noble men of earth, 
a known quantity. His word was as good as 
his bond. He never betrayed a friend or 
truckled to any schemes. I think he would 
have died rather than consent to a wrong. 
He was one who enlisted during the war, and 
he was always on duty, never having a fur- 
lough. May our kind father raise up some 
one to take his place in the church. The 
writer spoke to a large concourse of friends 
and neighbors, who had gathered to pay a 
tribute of respect to him, from Rev. xlv 13, 
after which at the close of a beautiful day, as 
the sun was low in the west, we laid him in 
the beautiful cemetery at Muncie, to rest until 
Jesus shall call him to his final reward. For 
his faithful companion who walked side by 
side with him in all his efforts to do good for 
nearly fifty-two years, we pray the consola- 
tions of the gospel of the grace of God. 
'Rest, brother, rest, till Jesus calls, and we 
shall meet again.'" G. W. T. 

son of one of Muncie's greatest bene- 
factors as well as one of her earliest 
settlers, was born at Cincinnati, Ohio, 
May 29, 1818. In order to fully show his in- 
timate relationship with the growth of Muncie, 
it is necessary to revert somewhat liberally to 
the career of his father, Dr. Samuel P. An- 
thony, who was born December 2, 1792, in 
Lynchburg,, Va., and at the age of twenty 
years, removed with his father to Ohio. Dur- 
ing the war of 1 81 2, he served as a teamster 
in the United States army, and after the close 
of the war (in 18 14), went to Cincinnati, 
Ohio, where he and his father started the first 
tobacco manufacturing establishment west of 
the Alleghany mountains, and conducted a 




very successful tobacco and general merchan- 
dise trade for several years. While at Cin- 
cinnati he studied medicine, and after com- 
pleting his medical education, removed to 
Clinton county, Ohio, where he was engaged 
for three years in the practice of his profession. 
At the end of that time he removed to Cedar- 
ville, in that state, where he was engaged in 
the practice for an equal length of time. He 
then located at Muncie, Ind. , in 1831,- where 
he spent the residue of his life, practising med- 
icine and selling merchandise. He invested 
largely in real estate, purchasing thousands of 
acres in this and adjoining counties, and, by 
close attention to business, amassed a large 
fortune, which, at the time of his death, was 
variously estimated at from $250,000 to $500,- 
000. He opened a general merchandise store 
at Muncie, shortly after his arrival here, and 
for more that forty years was identified with 
that branch of the public interests of the 
town. He practised medicine for more than 
twentj'-iive years, and, during that time, es- 
tablished a fine reputation as a successful 
physician. He was active in all public enter- 
prises which seemed to him calculated to pro- 
mote the interests of this city, and county. 
When the Belle fontaine & Indianapolis rail- 
road was advocated, he at once enlisted to 
help the project along, by taking stock to the 
amount of several thousand dollars, and per- 
sonally soliciting subscriptions to the road. 
He served as one of the directors of this road, 
and, later, was elected president, in which 
capacity he served about a year. He then re- 
signed and was succeeded by Hon. John 
Brough, of Ohio, and again became director. 
He was president of the Fort Wayne & South- 
ern railway, and a director of the Lafayette, 
Muncie & Bloomington railway. 

He was active in the affairs of Muncie to 
the very last, and even on the day preceding 
his death, he transacted his business as usual, 

and at evening, repaired to the residence of 
his son, with whom he was living. He felt no 
premonitions of what was to come until late 
in the night, when he was seized with violent 
pains, which culminated in paralysis, and, at 
I o'clock on Saturday morning, July 22, 1876, 
he died. He was twice married — first in 181 7, 
to Miss Narcissa Haines, who died in May, 
1858, leaving one son — Edwin C. ; In 1859 
he married Miss Emily V. \'annaman, who 
now resides in Muncie. 

Capt. Edwin C. Anthony, the son of Dr. 
Samuel P. and Narcissa (Haines) Anthony, 
attained distinguishment equal to that of his 
father, but chiefly as a merchant and a pro- 
moter of the interests of Muncie. After hav- 
ing been fully educated at Richmond, Ind., he 
entered the store of his father at Muncie, and 
then became his partner and so continued 
until the war of the rebellion burst forth. 
Then Edwin C. Anthony valiantly went to the 
front, raising a company of cavalry that was 
assigned to the army or the Cumberland, and 
of which he was commissioned captain. In 
the winter of 1861-62 he had an arm broken, 
his health altogether ruined and he was com- 
pelled to resign his commission and returned to 
Muncie, where, after he recovered his health, he 
entered the dry goods business in which he 
continued until his father's death, when he. 
somewhat exhausted, sought relief by passing 
the winters for nearly ten years at the south. 
In Florida, during these ten closing years of 
his life, he became greatly interested in land 
on which were developed phosphate mines, 
tjiat were discovered in Marion county, that 
state, in 1889. This interest, the care of his 
realty and care of his live stock at "Six Miles," 
where he had extensive live stock farms, occu- 
pied his attention during the last decade of his 
life, which ended at his farm in Florida, known 
as Anthony, June 7, 1884, at the age of sixty- 


The marriage of Capt. Anthony took place 
on the 30th day of September, 1849, to Miss 
Rebecca G. Vannaman, daughter of Joseph 
and EHzabeth (Campbell) Vannaman, at that 
time residents of Centerville, Wayne county, 
Ind. The parents were from Philadelphia, 
but Mrs. Anthony was born in Ohio, during a 
temporary stay of the parents in that state on 
their journey to Indiana. To the marriage of 
Capt. Edwin C. and Rebecca G. Anthony were 
born six children, viz: Florence Virginia, wife 
of Henderson Swain, fruit grower of Anthony, 
Fla. ; Samuel P. , who is still interested in the 
management of the immense phosphat indus- 
try established at Ocala, Fla. ; Edwin C. , Jr. , 
who died at the age of twenty-eight; Ella, 
who was the wife of George Gamble, of Mtln- 
cie, but who died at the early age of twenty- 
five years; Charles H., whose sketch is given 
more in detail in close connection with this, 
and Addie Anthony, the deceased wife of 
Frank Robinson. Mrs. Rebecca G. Anthony 
still lives on the old homestead, in Muncie, an 
honored and respected lady, whose many acts 
of charity, indeed, command the respect 
bestowed upon her. To her, the sight of suf- 
fering on the part of others is something not 
to be borne, and her willing heart and ready 
purse in some way find a means of affording 
instant relief. Quick in her response to every 
cry of distress or every call of charity, she has 
won the gratitude of hundreds of hearts in 
Muncie, and will hold it until the uttermost 

aHARLES H. ANTHONY, real estate 
dealer and capitalist of Muncie, Ind., 
is a son of E. C. and Rebecca G. 
Anthony, of whom mention is made 
elsewhere, and was born in Muncie May 10, 
1858. Muncie, also, gave his earlier education, 
which was supplemented with a two years' 

course at the Chester (Pa.) Military college. 
In 1877, having become interested in business 
with his father, he visited Florida and made 
investments in lands, and in 1880 planted a 
sixty-acre orange grove, which he brought to 
full fruition and five years later sold to an 
English syndicate. His land investments in 
Florida were greatly increased, and he now 
owns a large number of acres, containing beds 
or the -most valuable phosphates, which he 
mines and ships for fertilizers to European 
markets for use on impoverished soils. But 
his active mind is not content alone with the 
handling of real estate in Florida. The in- 
dustrial interests of Muncie and development 
also claim much of his attention. He is presi- 
dent of the Economy Co-operative Gas com- 
pany, of which he was the principal organizer, 
and a member of the Citizens' Enterprise com- 
pany, is likewise a stockholder in the Delaware 
county National bank, and his handling of 
real estate in the city, as dealer and agent, is 
something immense. In 1880 he and his 
mother sold in the city and environs over 420 
acres of- land, now known as the Muncie 
Land company's Addition, the Gray Addi- 
tion, and the Anthony Park Addition. 
In 1887, Mr. Anthony erected the superb 
building known as the Anthony block on the 
northwest corner of Walnut and Jackson 
streets, which has not its equal in the state. 
The development of natural gas has always 
been a matter of peculiar interest to him, in- 
asmuch as in that great product he foresaw a 
source of wealth unequaled by any other than 
his native city. He was among the first to 
become financially interested in drilling in the 
Muncie field, and has not yet relinquished the 
concern he has felt in this great factor of 
Muncie's prosperity. In 1884 he became a 
partner in the extensive real estate firm of 
Heath, Lenon & Anthony, so well known in 
the city and throughout the county. 





Fraternally he is a member of Delaware 
lodge. No. 46, F. & A. M., and the Muncie 
commandery and chapter, and also of the B. 
P. O. E., and the I. O. R. M. In politics he 
is a republican. His marriage took place 
February 10, 1887, to Miss Harriet B. 
Mitchell, daughter of Dr. Harvey Mitchell, and 
this union has been blessed with tlie birth of 
one child, Harvey M. Anthony, now four years 

^y^AVID R. ARMITAGE, M. D., was 
I I for many years a distinguished phj- 
^^^_^ sician and surgeon of Muncie and. 
occupied the front rank among the 
successful medical men of central Indiana. Dr. 
Armitage was born near Portsmouth, Ohio, 
October 22, 1831. When he was eight years 
of age his parents and grandparents removed 
to the wilds of Delaware county, Ind., and 
settled the farm about three miles southwest 
of the city of Muncie, on what is now the Mid- 
dletown turnpike, where the grandparents, the 
doctor's father and mother, and lastly the doc- 
tor himself, resided until their respective 
deaths. Mr. Armitage availed himself of the 
best education possible as he grew to manhood, 
and for several years was engaged in teaching, 
in which profession he acquired an enviable 
reputation. He early evinced a decided pref- 
erence for the medical profession, and, after 
the death of his first wife, began to study the 
same in the office of Dr. Samuel V. Jump, at 
New Burlington, Ind., under the able instruc- 
tion of whom he made rapid and commendable 
progress. He completed his professional edu- 
cation by a thorough course in the Michigan 
university, Ann Arbor, and also the Ohio 
Medical college, of Cincinnati, graduating from 
both of these well known institutions, after 
which he began the practice of his chosen call- 
ing at Chesterfield, Ind. , where his ability won 
for him much more than a local reputation. 

While at Chesterfield he became acquainted 
with Miss Clara E. Sharpe, a very estimable 
lady, who subsecjuently became his wife. Miss 
Sharpe was born in South Salem, Ross county, 
Ohio. April 27, 1840, and is a daughter of 
Robert and Ann (Davis) Sharpe, natives of 
Ohio, who moved from Ross and Union 
counties, Ohio, in 1851. In the latter county 
Robert Sharpe served as sheriff four years, but 
in 1883 moved to Kansas, where he died in 
June, 1892, his wife, however, having pre- 
ceded him to the grave in Union county. Ohio, 
in 1863. They were the parents of four rhil- 
dren, viz: Matilda ; William, killed in tiie 
army; Russell, of Middletown, Ind., and 
Clara B., wife of Dr. Armitage. The parents 
of these were devout members of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church, of which the father had 
been appointed a class leader by Adam Poe, 
an essential factor in that religious body. 
To the union of Dr. Armitage and Miss Sharpe 
was born one child, Nellie M., February 7, 
1869, now the wife of Charles B. Fudge, to 
whom she was married June 14, 1892, Mr. 
Fudge is a son of John S. Fudge (whose sketch 
appears elsewhere in the volume), and was 
born in Xenia, Ohio, September 24, 1863. 
He was educated in the common schools and 
remained at home until twenty years of age, 
when he engaged as a clerk in a clothing store 
at Albany, Ind., where he remained two years, 
! and then came to Muncie, and entered the 
j employ of Bliss & Keller, clothiers, etc., and 
! is now their genial and obliging foreman. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Fudge has been born one child 
—Mildred Marie— May 10, 1893. Mr. Fudge 
is in politics a republican. Fraternally, he is 
an Odd Fellow, and a member of Muncie 
lodge. No. 74, and of Canton Muncie, No. 4, 
Patriarchs Militant. 

After his marriage. Dr. Armitage moved to 
his farm southwest of Muncie, where, during 
the many years that remained of his life, he 


devoted his attention to agricultural pursuits 
in connection with the practice of his profes- 
sion. As a physician, Dr. Armitage was suc- 
cessful in all the term implies, and no man in 
the community, where he was raised and 
lived so long, enjoyed a greater degree of 
popularity of the people. He was indeed the 
friend of the common people, and to him it 
seemed a special pleasure to relieve the suffer- 
ings of the aged with whom he had been asso- 
ciated from his early boyhood, He was a 
public-spirited man, and took an active and 
prominent part in all enterprises having for 
their object the moral and material welfare of 
the community and county. In religion he 
was an earnest member of the Methodist 
church, and, as such, did much to the growth 
of that denomination in Delaware and other 
counties. He was also member of Delaware 
lodge, No. 146, Free and Accepted Masons, 
and of Muncie Commandary, No. 18, Knights 
Templar and was a chartered member of Rich- 
woods lodge. No. 499, Knights of Honor. In 
a business sense, the doctor exercised prudence 
and forethought, and during his life accumlat- 
ed a comfortable competence for his wife and 
daughter, both of whom live in Muncie at this 
time. He died suddenly at his home August 
21, 1 89 1, at the age of sixty years, and left, 
as his choicest legacy to his family, a name 
against which no breath of suspicion was ever 
known to have been uttered. He was 
mourned by all who knew him, and in his 
death Delaware county lost one .of its most 
successful physicians and high minded philan- 
thropic citizens. 

HGAGE ARRASMITH, the leading 
photographer of Muncie, Ind., was 
born near Eaton, Preble county, 
Ohio, February 17, 1859, son of R 
B. and M. J. (Lewis) Arrasmith, the former a 

native of Ohio and the latter of Kentucky, 
who were married in Putnam county, Ind , in 
1848, and moved to Preble county, Ohio, in 
the same year. In i860 Mr. Arrasmith, Sr. , 
changed his residence to Miami county, Ind., 
where he engaged in farming until 1880 
Since 1880 he has led a retired life, engaging 
a tenant to work his farm. Mr. and Mrs. 
Arrasmith, Sr. , were Universalists in religious 
convictions and in this belief Mrs. Arrasmith 
died July 21, 1886, her remains being laid to 
rest in Miami county, Ind. They were the 
parents of seven children, as follows: Emma 
L. , wife of John Parks, Peru, Ind. ; Willie and 
Alonzo, deceased; Horace F. , of White county, 
Ind. ; Mary, wife of C. Strode, of Miami 
county, Ind. ; A. Gage and L Josephine, wife 
of S. A. Holt, of London, Ohio. 

A. G. Arrasmith was reared on the home 
farm and when but eighteen years of age en- 
gaged, as an apprentice for two years, with 
J. Wharton of Wabash, Ind., in a photograph 
gallery. For the three following years he 
studied as a portrait artist and became 
thoroughly competent to undertake all classes 
of fine art work. Until 1886 he led a roving 
life, traveling through many states, mostly en- 
gaged in the practice of his chosen profession. 
Finally, deciding to locate, he selected Muncie 
as his place of residence, and purchased the 
gallery he is now in, and equipments, and has 
since been recognized as the leading photog- 
rapher of Delaware county, Ind. Mr. Arra- 
smith's success has been very marked and is 
due to the excellent quality of the work and 
to his faithfulness in the smallest detail. He 
began with very limited capital, but by his 
energ}', the excellence of his work and his 
courteous manner, has placed his studio in the 
front rank and has made it popular with all 

February i, 1888, Mr. Arrasmith married 
Miss Ida M. Miller, of Hartford City, Ind., 




who was born April ii, 1862, a dauf:;hter of 
Samuel and Marj^aret (Bruc) Milltr. One 
child has been born to this union, a son, 
Glenn. Politicallj- Mr. Arrasmith is a repub- 
lican, and socially he is connected with I. O. 
O. F. lodge No. 74, and also of the Twa Twa 
tribe of Red Men. 

BENRY B. ATHEY was born in Hard.v 
count}-, a part of what is now the 
county of Grant, in the state of \'ir- 
ginia, on the 27th day of September, 
1853. His father, Daniel Lewis Athey, was a 
native of New York, but early accompanied 
his parents to Virginia, and from early boy- 
hood was engaged in driving cattle to the 
eastern markets, principally to Philadelphia 
and New York city, before the days of rail- 
roads. He married Lavina C. R. Smith, 
daughter of Henry Smith, Esq., of Virginia, 
and became the father of eleven children, six 
girls and five boys, nine of whom are living at 
this time, Henry B. being the eldest son. Mr. 
and Mrs. Athey left Virginia in 1855, emigrat- 
ing to Illinois and settling in the county of 
Piatt when that part of the state was almost 
wholly unimproved. Mr. Athey is now living 
in Farmer City, Dewitt county. 111., practical- 
ly retired from active life. He has followed 
agriculture, in which he has met with reason- 
able success, is independent in his political 
views, and' for a number of years has been an 
active member of the Methodist church. He 
is essentially a self-made man, his sole capital 
on reaching his new home in the west amount- 
ing to but $5, from which insignificant begin- 
ning he succeeded, by his unaided efforts, in 
acquiring a comfortable competence. 

At the age of two years, Henry B. Athey 
was taken by his parents to Illinois, in which 
state he grew to manhood on a farm, and early 

became accustomed to the hard work incident 
to that useful occupation. His early educa- 
tional training, owing to circumstances over 
which he had no control, was sadly neglected, 
and his attendance at school was limited to 
about eighteen months, divided among several 
years. His first school experience was in a 
little frame smokehouse upon his father's farm, 
and the teacher, b\' no means a classical 
scholar, received his pay by the subscriptions 
of his patrons. Possessing an inquiring mind, 
Mr. Athey was not content to remain in igno- 
rance of books, and by wide reading and self- 
culture, together with a practical education 
acquired from contact with business men in 
various capacities, he has since become a well 
informed man. 

At the age of twenty he left the parental 
roof and began life for himself as a farm labor- 
er, and later found employment in a lumber 
yard, in which he subsequently purchased an 
interest. He continued in the lumber business 
for a period of seven years, selling out at the 
end of that time and accepting a position as 
traveling salesman for the Champion Machine 
company, of Springfield, Ohio, in which ca- 
pacity he continued until 1889. While trav- 
eling for this firm, Mr Athey in June, 1883, 
located in Muncie and for some time thereafter 
kept books for R. H. Mong. Subsequently he 
became manager of the Muncie Foundry and 
Machine company, in which he now owns a 
one-fifth interest, but he still looks after the 
business of the establishment, which owes 
much of its present success to his careful fore- 

March 27, 1878, Mr. Athey was married to 
Miss Ella L. Green, daughter of George W. 
and Nancy (Fleming) Green, who has borne 
him one child, a daughter, Georgia G. Athey, 
born December 24, 1879. Mrs. Athey was 
born September 24, 1854 on W'alnut street 
this cit\-. In politics Mr. Athey is a democrat. 



and as such wields an influence for his party 
in Muncie and Delaware county. He served 
in the village council of Mansfield, 111., for four 
years ; acted as treasurer or tax collector for 
some time in the county of Piatt, that state, 
and for one year served as village clerk and 
afterward as trustee for the village of Mans- 
field. Air. Athey is not identified with any 
church or religious order — being quite liberal 
in his views concerning all movements having 
for their object the welfare of his fellow-men. 
He is progressive, takes an^ active interest in 
the material developement of Muncie, and is 
deserving of mention with its representative 

OLIVER E. BALDWIN, one of the 
leading grocers of Muncie, is a native 
of Wayne county, Ind., and dates his 
birth from the 30th day of September, 
1830. His father, Elias Baldwin, a North 
Carolinian, was brought to Indiana when a 
mere child, and in early manhood worked at 
the tanner's trade in Wayne county, later en- 
gaging in agricultural pursuits, which he con- 
tinued to follow until his death, in January, 
1892. Financially, Elias Baldwin was more 
than ordinarily successful, and he was fortunate 
in accumulating a comfortable portion of this 
world's goods. He was a member of the So- 
ciety of Friends, a republican in his political 
affiliations, and in every relation of life proved 
himself to be a high minded, an honorable man, 
and a true type of the courteous christian gen- 
tleman. His wife, whose maiden name was 
Lydia Hough, was a daughter of William 
Hough, a prominent citizen of Wayne county, 
and she became the mother of six children, 
namely: Ella, Emma, Alice, Oliver E., 
Charles and Mary, all living but the first 
named, who died in 1890. 

Oliver E. Baldwin remained under the 
parental roof until his eighteenth year, assist- 
ing his father on the farm and attending the 
country schools at intervals in the meantime. 
His first practical experience in life was as a 
clerk in a drug store at Fountain City, where 
he remained two years, at the end of which 
time he accepted a position as salesman in a 
grocery house at the same place, continuing in 
the later capacity for a period of about eight- 
een months. In 1884 he came to Muncie and 
accepted a position in the wholesale grocery 
house of Jos. A. Goddard, in whose employ 
he continued until the latter part of 1887, 
from which date until 18S9 he was similarly 
employed with James N. Cropper, one of the 
leading grocery dealers of Muncie. In the 
latter year, Mr. Baldwin purchased an interest 
in the grocery house of A. B. Phillips on Main 
street, and the firm of Phillips & Baldwin con- 
tinued until 1 89 1, when Mr. Baldwin became 
sole proprietor. He has since conducted the 
business with success and financial profit, his 
patronage having constantly increased until, 
at this time, he is recognized as one of the 
leading dealers in general groceries in the city. 
Mr. Baldwin possesses superior business quali- 
fications and by judicious management has 
built up a large and remunerative trade. He 
has accumulated a competence of worldly ef- 
fects, enjoys the prosperity acquired by years 
of industry, and occupies a deservedly con- 
spicuous place among the successful commer- 
cial men of Delaware county. Socially he is 
very popular, and fraternally he is prominent- 
ly identified with the Improved Order of Red 
Men, belonging to Muncie tribe. No. 144. 
A republican in politics, he has never been an 
office seeker. He is a birth right member of 
the Society of Friends, and his daily life and 
conversation are practical exemplifications of 
the pure precepts of that simple but sublime 



Mr. Baldwin was married in the year 1882 
to Miss Sadie E. Lister, daughter of John and 
Judith Lister, of Randolph county, to which 
union two children, Earl L. and Clarence W. , 
have been born, both living. Mrs. Baldwin is 
a respected member of the same religious or- 
der to which her husband belongs. 

5>^ETERH. D. BANDEY, late promi- 
W W nent manufacturer of Muncie, was 
£ born in Westminster, London, Eng- 

land, on the 27th of February, 1837. 
He came to the United States at the age of 
eighteen years, and settled in Iowa, where a 
brother who had preceded him resided ; later, 
he located at Indianapolis, where he remained 
for a limited period, and about the year 1858 
came to Muncie, Ind., where for some time he 
was employed as a laborer in a saw mill. Sub- 
sequently, he purchased an interest in the 
mill, which, under the firm name of Matthews, 
Ryan & Bandey, did a very successful business 
for some time, the name afterwards changing 
to Matthews & Bandey. Eventually, Mr. 
Bandey became sole proprietor of the mill, 
which, under his efficient management, con- 
tinued to do an increasing business until it be- 
came necessary to enlarge its capacity in order 
to meet the demands of trade ; accordingly, 
new and improved appliances were added 
from time to time, including a full set of 
machinery for planing lumber, and the estab- 
lishment soon became one of the leading 
manufacturing enterprises of Muncie. Under 
the name of The Bandey Planing mill it was 
operated with the most gratifying success until 
Mr. Bandey's death, since which time it has 
been under the able management of T. J. 
Zook with Miss Maud Bandey as assistant, 
and is still one of the firmly established and 
financially successful manufacturing establish- 
ments of Delaware county. 

Mr. Bandey took an active interest in the 
material prosperity of the city of his adoption, 
and as a business man he was straightforward, 
upright and honorable ; as a citizen, he was 
highly regarded in business and social circles, 
and he enjoyed the respect and confidence of 
the community in an eminent degree. He 
never desired nor sought for political honor or 
office, although he filled several positions of 
trust and responsibility with the most com- 
mendable fidelity. In early life he was not 
favored with any peculiar advantages and his 
success was entirely due to the indomitable 
will and energy which he displayed in all his 
undertakings. In 1868 Mr. Bandey was mar- 
ried in Muncie to Miss Mary E. Zook of 
Philadelphia, Pa., daughter of John A. and 
Anna M. Zook, who moved west when Mrs. 
Bandey was a mere child. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Bandey were born five children, two of whom, 
Maud and Charline, are living at this time. 
For his standing as a representative business 
man as well as for his strict integrity and 
nobility of character Mr. Bandey was held in 
the highest esteem by the people of Muncie, 
and his death, which occurred on the 21st day 
of April, 1882, was universallj regretted by 
all classes. Of his character and standing in 
the community, the subjoined e.xtracts from 
the press of Muncie upon the occasion of his 
demise furnish a good and correct expression, 
as they do also of his life and career while a 
resident of this city. 

"Mr. Bandey was a zealous member of the 
Masonic order for many years and was an of- 
ficer in the Masonic council at the time of his 
death. He united with the Universalist 
church in 1870 and was a faithful attendant 
at the services at the church until disease pre- 
vented further attendance. Several times 
was Mr. Bandey elected to represent his ward 
in the council, and that he tilled the office 
conscientiousl)- and well is a fact well known 



to all who are acquainted with his history. 
In business he was comparatively successful, 
and leaves property sufficient to keep his fam- 
ily in comfortable circumstances if properly 
managed. As a mechanic Mr. Bandey was 
without a superior in his line, and he leaves 
numerous monuments to attest his architectur- 
al skill in many of the fine buildings that had 
been erected under his supervision in this city 
and county during the quarter of a century 
that he was a resident among us. Mr. Ban- 
dey, like all other men, had his faults, but 
they were few. He was a man of firm con- 
victions and did not hesitate to express his 
opinions whenever the occasion required. He 
was a man of principle, and honesty was one 
of the component parts of his composition. 
He never made a promise that he thought he 
could not fulfill. His word he considered as 
good as his obligation. It has been said that 
'when a good man dies the people mourn.' 
In the death of Mr. Bandey we have lost a 
good man, an honest and upright and a patri- 
otic citizen and we mourn his loss as such." 

Mrs. Bandey, a lady of many noble quali- 
ties of mind and heart and a true helpmeet to 
her husband through his many struggles and 
successes, departed this life on the iith day 
of January, 1892, aged forty-five years. As 
already stated the elder daughter, Maud Ban- 
dey, is assistant manager of the planing mill, 
and in the discharge of the duties of that posi- 
tion she displays business qualifications of a 
very high order. 

'^-t'AMES M. BARNES was born in Mun- 
M cie, October 25, 1855, a son of William 
/• 1 and Eveline (Wachtell) Barnes, who 
became citizens of Delaware county in 
1837. Wm. Barnes was, by occupation, a 
cabinet maker and carpenter and followed this 

trade all of his life, until his death, July 17, 
1890. He was considered the finest mechanic 
in Muncie, he being the last of his family. 
His widow still makes her home in this city. 
Both were members of the Presbyterian 
church. Politically he was a .democrat, a man 
of strict views and always ready to uphold his 
church or party. Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Barnes 
were the parents of seven children, as follows: 
Millie J. , Calista A. , Ella, James M. , John W. , 
Bertha and Bessie. 

James M. Barnes received a good educa- 
tion, and, at the age of twenty-one, began to 
learn the trade of photographer, entering a 
gallery first in Muncie, and then working at 
various places, learning all of the newest and 
most approved methods, until 1890, at which 
time he permanently located in this city at his 
present stand, and has since that time carried 
on a very successful business. He has dis- 
played much talent in his line, turning out 
some very superior and satisfactory work and 
bids fair to become known in a much larger 
territory, in the near future. Mr. Barnes has 
the manner of a successful business man, being 
courteous and pleasant to all, thus making his 
gallery a desirable one in every way. Frater- 
nally Mr. Barnes has connected himself with 
the order of Knights of Pythias, uniform rank, 
in which he is an active and interested mem- 
ber. Mr. Barnes was married May 3, 1893, 
in Muncie, to Mattie E. Suber, born October 
25, i860, in Delaware county, daughter of 
Robert P. and Hanna Suber, also natives of 
this county. 

^y'^ERRY N. BARR, the eminent horse- 

1 m man of Muncie, Ind., was born at 

J Wheeling, Delaware county, Ind., 

October 29, 1857, and is a son of 

Arnold and Emily (Heath) Barr. The father 



died when Perry was but six years of age, and 
when seven years old his mother moved to 
Muncie with her three children. Here Perry 
attended school until twelve, when he lost his 
mother also, and was thus left to shift for 
himself in the wide world. For about five 
years he worked in a grocery, and at the age 
of seventeen went to learn the carriage trim- 
ming business with Cook & Kinsley, remain- 
ing with them two years, when he went to 
Bellefontaine, Ohio, where he completed his 
apprenticeship. He worked, next, as a jour- 
neyman in Marion, Urbana and Springfield, 
Ohio, and then started on his travels, which 
carried him through nine states. Eventually 
settling at Bucjrus, Ohio, he bought a half 
interest in a carriage shop, which interest he 
sold out two years later, returned to Muncie, 
and worked at his trade for some years, mak- 
ing large wages by turning out a larger amount 
of work than the average. In 1882 Mr. Barr 
married Miss Flora T. Sears, of Muncie. Mr. 
Barr is a K. of P. and a member of the I. O. 
R. M., in which latter he has passed all the 
chairs, and is also a member and trustee of 
the grand lodge of Indiana. He is also local 
agent for the Farmers' and Stock Breeders' 
Live Stock Insurance company, and is the 
owner of the filly Blondie G., by Bonnie 
Doon, dam Blue Bull. Mr. Barr became first 
identified with the horse interests of Indiana 
by the purchase of the bay mare Cuba, as an 
undeveloped four year old. She won her 
maiden race in the Delaware county trot of 
1888, and in 1890 faced the starter in twenty- 
one races, of which she won first money sev- 
enteen times and a place in every race, going 
into winter quarters with a record of 2:29^. 
The rare speed and endurance of the gallant 
little mare enlisted Mr. Barr's interest in and 
resulted in the purchase of her stoutly bred 
and excellent sire, Bonnie Doon, 5322, in 
1890. He is perhaps the best living son of 

the great Blue Bull, 75, his maternal lines 
tracing direct to Sweet's Mambrino, Alexan- 
der's Abdallah, and a thoroughbred founda- 
tion. Bonnie Doon's roll of honor includes 
Cuba, 2:25.\, Maud M., 2:30, and a number 
of other young csndidates for 2:30 records. 
The progeny of Bonnie Doon make typical 
carriage and buggy horses, and will contribute 
their full share to the improvement of the 
horse stock of the country. Mr. Barr has 
fitted up convenient and healthful breeding 
stables on West Main street, which also con- 
tain the black stallion Abdallah King (grand- 
son of Abdallah, 15, sire of Goldsmith Maid, 
2:14), and other well bred stock. Mr. Barr is 
an intelligent horseman, and is active as a 
promoter of the country's live stock interests, 
whose stables have already taken a foremost 
position among the best in the county. In 
politics, Mr. Barr is a stanch democrat. 

\c^ tleman for whom this biography is 
J^^J written, is a well known resident of 
Delaware county, Ind., an ex-soldier 
and one of her most esteemed citizens. Mr. 
Behymer was born in Clermont county, Ohio 
January 10, 1833, a son of John and Nancy 
(Leach) Behymer. The former, born in the 
state of Virginia in 1803, is consequently now 
ninety years of age, but still retains his facul- 
ties in a remarkable degree, and has led a 
good, benevolent life, residing at present in 
Clermont county, Ohio, where he married in 
1830. He saw the full growth of the county 
and all of his active life was spent in farming 
or in following the carpenter trade until 1875, 
at which time he retired from business. Eight 
of his family of thirteen children are yet living 
and are heads of families themselves. He is 



a republican in politics and still takes great 
interest in the progress of public affairs. 

Barrington Behymer was reared on the old 
home farm, where he remained until twenty- 
five years of age, and enjoyed excellent edu- 
cational advantages, attending first the com- 
mon schools, and later spent two terms at 
what is known as the Farmers college near 
Cincinnati, Ohio. At the age of twenty years 
he began teaching school, and, with the ex- 
ception of three years spent in the army, ■ re- 
mained in the educational field until 1865, 
teaching in all about twenty terms. On the 
lOth day of September, 1861, he enlisted in 
company A, Fifth Ohio cavalry, and served in 
Gen. Grant's division in Tennessee, Mississippi 
and Alabama, and in March, 1862, for gallant 
and meritorious conduct was promoted batta- 
lion sergeant major. One year later this rank 
was abolished by act of congress, after which 
Mr. Behymer was made regimental sergeant 
major, in which capacity he served until March 
10, 1864, when he was promoted second lieu- 
tenant of compan}' L, Fifth Ohio cavalry. He 
continued in the latter capacity until honor- 
ably discharged from the service October 27, 
1864, at which time he resumed the arts of 
peace at his home in Ohio. During his period 
of service Mr. Behymer took part in the bat- 
tles of Shiloh, where he was engaged two days; 
Big Hatchet, Cold Water, Mission Ridge, 
Lookout Mountain, and various other fights 
and skirmishes. 

In 1865 Mr. Behymer moved to Jennings 
county, Ind., and served as deputy circuit 
court clerk there for a period of three years, at 
the end of which time he returned to Ohio and 
engaged in teaching school during the winter 
of 1869-70. He embarked in the mercantile 
business in the spring of 1872, which he fol- 
lowed during the years of 1872 and 1873, and 
in 1875 resumed teaching, which profession he 
followed successfully during the succeeding 

three years. In 1888 he once again engaged 
in the goods business in the county of Cler- 
mont, Ohio, where he remained until the 
spring of 1884, when he removed to the town 
of Mason, in the same state, thence after a 
short time returned and purchased the same 
property he had sold in Clermont county, and 
from the fall of 1884 to the spring of 1887 was 
engaged in the goods business, with a miscel- 
laneous assortment of merchandise. In the 
spring of 1888 he removed to Indiana, locating 
in the city of Muncie, where, the following 
year, he was appointed justice of the peace, in 
which capacity he has since served, having 
been re-elected in 1890. He was also admit- 
ted to the bar as an attorney at law, and in 
addition to his official duties gives considerable 
attention to the legal profession. Mr. Behy- 
mer was married in his native county, April 7, 
1866, to Miss Lizzie McDonnald, also a native 
of Clermont county, born on the iith day of 
December, 1848, the daughter of David and 
Ann (Wheeler) McDonnald, parents of Scotch 
and English ancestry respectively. Three chil- 
dren have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Behy- 
mer — the first an infant named Pearl, who died 
at the age of three weeks ; the others, Anna, 
who is still with her parents, and Arthur L. , 
an error clerk in the railway mail service at 
Cincinnati. In his political affiliations Mr. 
Behymer is a stanch supporter of the republi- 
can party, and he is one of the prominent 
members of the G. A. R. of Muncie. He is a 
man of much more than ordinary intelligence, 
has been a wide reader and close observer and 
has decided views upon all the leading ques- 
tions of the day, which he has no hesitancy in 
expressing. He is widely and favorably known 
in the city of his residence and possesses in an 
eminent degree the esteem and confidence of 
his many friends and neighbors. He has ac- 
quired an enviable reputation as an attorney, 
and gained a lucrative practice. 




aHARLES L. BENDER, formerly the 
senior partner in the great clothing 
firm of Bender & Shoemaker, pro- 
prietors of the Globe clothing house 
of Muncie, but now the sole successor to the 
business, is a native of Yorktown, Mount 
Pleasant township, Delaware county, Ind. , 
and was born September 27, 1855. His 
father, John Bender, was born in Strassburg, 
Germany, and in 1850 came to the United 
States, locating in Philadelphia. He was then 
a young man, and while in the city of Broth- 
erly Love learned shoemaking. In 1852 he 
came to Indiana and took up his residence in 
Hagerstown, Wayne county, and in the same 
year married Miss Gertrude Simon. From 
Hagerstown he moved to Yorktown, where he 
resided four years, and then moved to Salem 
township, where he worked for a year in a 
tannery, and then moved to Daleville, where 
he now has his residence, and is still engaged 
in tanning. His marriage with Miss Simon 
was blessed by the birth of four sons and five 
daughters, named as follows: John, drowned 
at the age of four, at Yorktown; Charles L. , 
whose name opens this sketch; Rosetfa A., 
now Mrs. Charles Smock; Mary E., wife of 
S. J. Simmons, of Muncie; William H., de- 
ceased; Edward P., salesman; Augusta, Allie, 
deceased, and Nellie. 

Charles L. Bender engaged in the affairs of 
life for himself at the early age of twelve, go- 
ing to Chesterfield, Madison county, Ind., 
where he learned carriage painting, and gained 
his early schooling. He then carried on the 
business awhile on his own account, next 
clerked in a general store at Daleville, next 
was employed in frescoing, worked awhile at 
Indianapolis, then returned to Daleville, where 
he went into business for himself again for a 
season, and then went into the dry goods 
store of J. B. Garrett, as clerk, and next 
took the management of the dry goods 

and grocery store of J. H. DusaTig. In 
1877 he came to Muncie and was a clirk 
in the Kirby house for two iminths, after 
which he went to Anderson as clerk for E. M. 
Ha}s & Son, later clerked for Samuel Rose. 
March 10, 1880, he returned to Muncie and 
clerked for Parker & Powell, then proprietors 
of the Globe clothing house, which was a small 
concern at that time and located on east Main 
street; the store was subse(]uently sold to 
James Boyce and others, and Mr. Bender was 
given the management. Two years later Mr. 
Bender formed a partnership with J. P. Shoe- 
maker, a wealthy grain merchant of Middle- 
town, Ind., and together they purchased the 
stock of the Globe, the business of which, un- 
der the efficient management of Mr. l>cndcr, 
so increased that within a short time enlarged 
quarters had to be secured, and the west end 
of the Boyce block was selected, where an 
immense trade was done, until Mr. Bender, in 
the summer of 1893, purchased the entire con- 
cern, and now carries the largest stock of 
clothing and gentlemen's furnishing goods ever 
seen in eastern Indiana, and the Globe is doing 
a larger trade than ever at the same old stand 
of Bender & Shoemaker. 

Charles L. Bender was married May 19, 
1880, to Miss Isabel Gray, and the couple re- 
side in an elegant mansion on east Main street. 
Although not a member of any church, Mr. 
Bender is a moral man in every respect and is 
highly respected by the whole community. He 
is a prominent Odd Fellow, is a Knight of 
Pythias and a member of the B. P. O. E. He 
is liberal in his donations to school and church 
and his private acts of charity are munificent, 
but by no means ostentatious. Although yet 
quite young, Mr. Bender has reached much 
prominence as a business man, and his success 
has been the result of his individual merit. 
He is affable and appreciative of his custom- 
ers' wants, and always reliable. 




'ILLIAM BENNETT has for some 
years been a prominent citizen of 
Delaware county, and at this writ- 
ing is one of the strong financial 
men and leading spirits of the city of Muncie. 
Mr. Bennett is a native of Ohio, born Septem- 
ber 4, 1826, in the county of Pickaway, to 
which John and Sarah (Downs) Bennett moved 
a number of years ago from Delaware. 
William is the sixth child of the above couple, 
and he grew to manhood in his native county, 
in the schools of which he received his educa- 
tional training. Reared on the farm he laid 
the fouddation of a character which in later 
years has enabled him to accumulate vastly 
more of this world's goods than usually !alls 
to the lot of the average man. In 1849, he 
was united in marriage to Miss Rhoda Van- 
Buskirk of Pickaway county, Ohio, daughter 
of John and Sophia Van Buskirk ; she died in 
the spring of '74, leaving three daughters and 
one son: oldest. Sophia, wife of James O. Day, 
of Madison county, Ohio ; Mary, wife of James 
McClimons of Madison county, Ohio ; Laura, 
wife of Fred W. Heath of this city, and Win- 
field Scott, who died at twenty-one years and 
three months, and, some years thereafter, Mr. 
Bennett followed the pursuit of agriculture near 
his old home. Later Mr. Bennett removed to 
the county of Madison, near Mt. Sterling, 
where he remained for eight years, a part of 
which time was devoted to his chosen calling 
but later, owing to impaired health, he was 
compelled to abandon the active work of the 
farm. Mr. Bennett became a resident of 
Indiana in the year of 1882, locating in the 
thriving city of Muncie, where he has since 
resided. In 1868, he purchased real estate in 
Mt. Pleasant township, also became the pos- 
sessor of valuable farming lands in the town- 
ship of Harrison, also a farm in Salem township, 
and at different times made judicious invest- 
ments in various parts of the county until he 

finally became the largest owner of real estate 
in Delaware county. In addition to his holdings 
in the county, Mr. Bennett is also largely pos- 
sessed of Muncie real estate, and real estate in 
Pickaway and Madison counties, Ohio. He 
has two farms in Pickaway county of 700 and 
400 acres respectively, and one farm in Madi- 
son county of 287 acres, very valuable — which, 
with the other possessions, are the legitimate 
result of his wise foresight. He is a large 
stockholder in the Co-operative Gas company 
of Muncie, is, also, prominently identified with 
the Cammack Gas company, beside taking an 
active interest in various other industrial en- 
terprises and other movements. 

Mr. Bennett is now in the sixty-seventh 
year of his age, possesses in a marked degree 
his faculties both mental and physical, and, is 
still quick of preception and prompt in decis- 
ion. His success in life is to be attributed to 
a naturally well endowed mind, plus caution, 
energy, frugality, integrity and earnest en- 
deavor, which qualities have established a 
character above reproach and gained for him 
the esteem and confidence of many. Politi- 
cally a republican, he has never been promi- 
nent us a partisan, preferring to give his en- 
tire attention to his business enterprises; reli- 
giously the Methodist church represents his 
creed, and for some years he has been an ac- 
tive member of the High street congregation 
of Muncie. 

Mr. Bennett remarried December 17, 1874 
to Miss Mary Maddux of Pickaway county, 
Ohio, by whom he has had one child, named 
Pearl R. , who still resides at home. 

OWEN BEOUY, deceased, was born 
near Wheeling, Delaware county, 
Ind., January 22, 1852, and was a son 
of Edmond Beouy, mention of whom 
will be found in detail in another portion of 

C)yU^^ //]^^iru^^' 



this volume. Although in early life trained to 
be a tiller of the soil, he, even as a boy, 
evinced a fondness for horseflesh, which in- 
creased -in intensity as the }ears rolled on, and 
at his majority he engaged almost exclusively 
in buying and selling animals, and eventually 
became one of the most extensive dealers in 
eastern Indiana, and certainly the largest ship- 
per, by far, in Delaware county. A few years 
before his death he was employed by a Boston 
firm to purchase and ship, on their account, 
every animal that was suited to their trade, 
and for this one firm he, in a single year, 
shipped 836 horses, in addition to supplying 
the wants of his other customers. More than 
a year prior to his death his health broke down, 
and for several weeks he passed his time at 
Hot Springs, Ark. , with the hope of recupera- 
ting, but, on returning to his home, although 
he felt much improved, his restless industry 
caused a relapse, which again laid him on a 
sick bed, from which, a few days later, his 
gentle spirit took its flight November i 5, 1892. 
Mr. Beouy was a man invariably recognized as 
being generous to a fault, and as kind as he 
was generous ; and the community has lost 
few better men. He was a charter member of 
Twa Twa tribe, I. O. R. M., but his impaired 
health precluded his taking even the initiatory 
degree. His worship was within the pale of 
the Methodist Episcopal church, and the last 
sad funeral rites were conducted at his former 
residence, at the corner of Jefferson and Gil- 
bert streets, by Rev. James M. Lewis, of Dun- 
kirk, Ind. , and Rev. George H. Hill, pastor of 
the High street M. E. church, of Muncie. 

The marriage of Mr. Beouy occurred in 
Jonesboro, Ind., September 7, 1889, the bride 
being Miss Emma Taylor, a most amiable 
young lady, with whom he became acquainted 
shortly after first making his headquarters in 
the "Magic" city, and until his last hour the 
union was one of unallo}ed happiness. Mrs. 

Hcouy was born at Irwin, in Westmoreland 
county, Pa., March 2>). 1S59, daughter of 
George W. and Caroline 1 Bossard) Tavlor. 

eDW'ARI) W. BISHOP, the leading 
insurance man of Muncie, was born 
in Worthington, Franklin county, 
Ohio, March 21, 1847. His father, 
William Bishop, was born at Poughkeepsie, N. 
Y. , January 23, 1802, the son of John Bishop, 
who with his wife and family emmigrated to 
Ohio in 18 18, locating in what is nowWester- 
ville, Franklin county, of which part of the 
country- he was one of the earliest pioneers. 
W'illiam Bishop assisted his father in clearing 
land which the latter purchased from the gov- 
ernment, and remained with his parents until 
failing health induced him to go to Sulphur 
Springs, Va., where he learned the saddler's 
trade. Returning to Ohio he established him- 
self in that business at Worthington, where, 
at the age of twenty-eight, he married Char- 
lotte Wolcott, daughter of Judge Wolcott of 
Franklinton, Ohio. In 1854 he disposed of 
his saddlery interests at Worthington and en- 
gaged in the hotel business for a number of 
years. In an early day William Bishop was 
largely instrumental in locating the college at 
^\'orthington, and later was very successful in 
establishing the Ohio Wesleyan university at 
Delaware. He was a leading member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, and in politics 
was originally a whig, but afterward a repub- 
lican. For several years prior to the civil 
war, he was connected with the Under Ground 
railroad, and his barn was used as a hiding 
place for escaping slaves. The following are 
the names of the children born to William and 
Charlotte Bishop : Celia, Erville B., Luella, 
Edward W. and F"rank W. In addition to 
the above there were four that died in infancy 



unnamed, and Luella is now deceased. Mrs. 
Bishop died during the cholera scourge of 
1850. Mr. Bishop died at Worthington, 
Ohio, about the year 1870, at an advanced 

Edward W. Bishop was three years of age 
when he was called upon to part with his 
mother. He spent his boyhood days in his 
native county, attended at intervals the coun- 
try schools, and, at the early age of fifteen, 
enlisted, at Camp Chase, Ohio, in company C, 
One Hundred and Thirteenth Ohio Volunteer in- 
fantry; was mustered in, August, 1862, as a pri- 
vate, but within a short time was promoted adjut- 
ant's orderly, and served in the army of the Cum- 
berland until August, 1863, when, on account 
of impaired health, he received an honorable 
discharge. Returning home, he was for some 
time employed as clerk in a general store, and 
later accepted the position of bookkeeper in a 
manufacturing establishment at Mount Vic- 
tory, Ohio, where he remained ten months. 
In September, 1866, he came to Muncie, Ind. , 
and accepted a clerical position in the Bee 
Line office for eight months, and was then 
appointed the company's agent at Winches- 
ter, and filled the latter position for eleven 
years. Mr. Bishop next engaged as traveling 
salesmen for a mercantile firm of Hagerstown, 
Md. , passed three years on the road, returned 
to Muncie, and again entered the employ of 
the Bee Line Railroad company, continued for 
a limited period, and then became agent for 
the L. E. & W. for about three years. He 
then renewed his connection with the Bee 
Line, which in the meantime had been 
changed to the C, C, C. & St. L. R. R , 
becoming cashier in the freight department at 
Muncie, where he remained for three years, 
and then, owing to ill health, was compelled 
to resign. 

His next venture was the insurance business, 
which he has since conducted upon quite an ex- 

tensive scale in Muncie, representing at this time 
twenty of the leading companies of the world 
and carrying policies for many large manufac- 
turing establishments of the city. Mr. Bishop 
was married October 20, 1869, to Miss Elsie 
Dana, daughter of Dr. Marcus Dana of Fos- 
toria, Ohio. Mr. and Mrs. Bishop are the par- 
ents of three children, namely: ErvilleD. , Mar- 
cus S. and Charlotte L., all living. Socially 
he occupies a prominent place in the society 
of Muncie and in politics supports the princi- 
ples of the republican party. In the Masonic 
fraternity he stands high, having taken a num- 
ber of degrees, including that of Sir Knight, 
and he is also an active worker in the G. A. 
R. Erville D. Bishop was born November 6, 
1870, received his education in the Muncie 
schools, graduating in 1891, after which he 
became associated with his father in business. 
November 7, 1892, he was united in marriage 
with Miss Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph Prutz- 
man. Marcus, the second son, is a bright in- 
telligent lad of thirteen, and Charlotte is a 
charming Miss of eleven years. 

>^OHN H. BLOOR, D. D. S., Muncie, 
M Ind., was born in Mansfield, Ohio, 
«1 July 6, 1864, and is the son of Will- 
iam and Jane E. (Au) Bloor. His 
youthful days were passed in Mansfield, and 
while yet attending public schools had begun 
the study of dentistry, during vacations, in the 
office of Dr. C. M. Roe — graduating from a pub- 
lic school in 1884 and pursuing his studies an- 
other year. In 1885 and 1886 he attended 
the Ohio Dental college at Cincinnati, and be- 
gan practice at Fredericktown, Ohio, and then, 
in 1 89 1, went to Indianapolis, Ind., as assist- 
ant demonstrator of crown and bridge work 
in the Post Graduate school of prosthetic 
dentistry, and at the same time attended the 

'^ 41 

/ i » 





3&,r^..^^ e^.^. 


Indiana Dental college, from which he re- 
ceived the degree of D. D. S. He next went 
to Louisville, K}'. , where he took an interest 
in the New York Dental company, incorpor- 
ated under the laws of the state of Kentucky, 
and September 20, 1892, opened a branch of- 
fice of the company in Muncie, with parlors in 
the Wildermuth block, 2o8.\ south Walnut 
street. The doctor has made an excellent 
reputation in Muncie, as elsewhere, and makes | 
a specialty of crown and bridge work, con- 
sidered, to-day, the highest branch of dentist- | 
ry, and is, in the largest cities, the practical 
test of proficiency in the art. i 

Dr. Bloor was happily married, in 1888, to i 
the accomplished daughter of H. E. Kendall, 
of Mansfield, Ohio. The doctor is a member 
of tne I. O. O. F. and of the Knights of 
Pythias, and he and wife enjoy the respect of 
a large circle of friends and social acquaint- 
ances, while the doctor's professional stand- 
ing is with the highest. 

BARRA L. BOTKIN is a native of Ran- 
dolph county, Ind., born April 7, 
1868, and is a son of William T. and 
Martha (Cropper) Botkin. He re- 
ceived his preliminary education at the com- 
mon schools of the county, passed through the 
three terms of the normal school at Winches- 
ter, and then began the study of veterinary 
science at London, Ont., with Dr. J. H. Ten- 
nant, in October, 1888, and for two years pur- 
sued a private and practical course of study 
under that distinguished practitioner. He en- 
tered the Ontario Veterinary college, at Tor- 
onto, in the fall of 1890, and took another 
regular course for two years, being in actual 
practice with his old preceptor during vaca- 
tions, and graduated March 25, 1892. During 
his terms of study he received the silver medal 

for the best examination in pathology, and also 
the gold medal for the general examination in 
the sessions of 1891-92 in a class of 164 stu- 
dents from the United States, Canada, Eng- 
land, Scotland, Ireland, the West Indies and 
South America. In the spring of 1 892 Dr. 
Botkin located in Muncie, supplied with all the 
appliances and instruments necessary to per- 
form any surgical operation. In connection 
with his veterinary work, he makes a spec- 
ialty of dental surgery, in which he has 
acquired considerable skill. A liberal patron- 
age has already been given to him, and as soon 
as his qualifications shall have been known 
more generally he will not, by any means, be 
left with idle time on his hands. The doctor 
fully appreciates the exacting demands which 
the conscientious practice of veterinary science 
entails, and is prepared to meet them. It is a 
science whose representatives have made all 
the more important by the application of vital 
as well as medical truths in recent years, 
among which are the "germ theory of di.sease" 
by Pasteur (himself a veterinarian), and oth- 
ers of similar importance. 

HOMAS J. BOWLES, M. D., one of 
the most talented members of the 
medical profession in the county of 
Delaware, Ind., is a native of the 
state, having been born in Rush county, July 
24, 1836. His parents were James and Sarah 
A. (Smith) Bowles, natives of Kentucky, who 
settled in Rush county, Ind., about 1826. 
James Bowles was of English extraction, was 
born in 1807, and was reared to farming and 
stock raising. Having married Miss Smith in 
his early manhood, he took his departure by 
wagon from Kentucky to Indiana in 1826, and 
here settled among the pioneers of Rush 
county. His wife, and one Kentucky born 


child, Christina, were his companions, and 
after his arrival in Rush county, Ind., there 
were born to him five others; one infant, Paul, 
that was born and died in Kentucky, found its 
final repose in that state. Indiana gave birth 
to Joseph, Thomas J., Mary A,, James H. 
and Amanda. The father of this family, 
James Bowles, although not highly educated 
at school, was a man of deep reading and 
deeper observation, and still deeper thought. 
He held a sympathy and a communion with 
all nature, and was a lover of man — a philan- 
thropist. He was active in all enterprises cal- 
culated for the promotion of the well being of 
the inhabitants of his adopted county of Rush, 
and set an example to the younger members 
of the community by accumulating acres to the 
number of i,ooo, in order to show that in real 
estate there is a command over the respect of 
fellow men that is absent when there is no tangi- 
ble property to show that the individual has at 
least strained his sinews and bent his thought 
toward giving an evidence that he meant to 
deserve and win the esteem of his fellows. 
He took great interest in educational affairs, 
and was never niggardly in assisting their ad- 
vancement. In his early life he was an ardent 
whig, and a great admirer of Henry Clay, and 
later became as strong an adherent of Abraham 
Lincoln. In physical stature he was robust, 
but of medium build. Sickness was a stranger 
to him until within a few months of his death, 
which occurred in his eighty-sixth year, in 
September, 1892. In religious matters he was 
as deep thoughted as in worldly affairs, and 
by the world was thought to be agnostic. 

Mrs. Sarah A. (Smith) Bowles, of German 
parentage, was a woman of strong mind and 
clear thought, but of devout christian instinct 
and charitable tendencies. She died at the 
age of seventy-six, a consistent member of the 
Christian church. 

Thomas J. Bowles was in his early days 

inured to farm life among the pioneers of In- 
diana on his father's homestead, and inherit- 
ing all his father's intelligence and shrewdness, 
developed not only the complete farmer but 
the perfect man. His earlier school days were 
passed in the subscription schools of his 
neighborhood, and the thirst for knowledge 
there acquired was further whetted under the 
celebrated A. R. Benton, of Fairview, under 
whom he studied three years. He next en- 
tered the office of Dr. A. C. Dillon, near 
Rushville, and for two years gave his whole 
attention to the study of medicine. In 1858, 
toward the latter part of the year, he entered 
the Ohio Medical college at Cincinnati, from 
which he finally graduated in 1867. His 
first practice had been at Windsor, Randolph 
county, Ind., where he made his mark and 
kept his patients until his return from college 
in 1867. After another course of study he re- 
sumed his practice at Blountsville with re- 
newed success, until 1874, when he came to 
Muncie. Here he at once leaped into a fore- 
most professional position, but his love for 
study was not satisfied, and another course 
was taken at Bellevue hospital. New York, 
and at Chicago (111.) Rush Medical college. 
Thus equipped for the practice of his chosen 
profession, he has since made Delaware and 
adjoining counties the scene of his professional 
triumphs; Muncie, however, has been his home 
and the seat of his chief success, and here 
medicine and surgery have found their pro- 
foundest exponent in him. He was an organ- 
izer of a number, and is a member of all, the 
medical socities and associations of the cit)', 
county and state, and his lectures and contri- 
butions have received from the members of 
them all the most marked attention. In poli- 
tics he is a republican, but has never been an 
office seeker nor a partisan. Ardent in his 
advocacy of principle, he lends a willing hand 
and voice to the promotion of his party's cause. 


and as early as the days of John C. Fremont's 
campaign made numerous eloquent and effect- 
ive speeches in favor of free soil, as republi- 
canism was then called. 

Dr. T. J. Bowles is a man of rare and 
superior attainments; an extensive reader, 
especially of works of advanced minds, scien- 
tific and otherwise; is keenly alive to the 
interests of humanity; a bitter opponent of 
dogmatic theology, believing it to be an ene- 
my to human progress; an agnostic in belief, 
the doctor is an evolutionist and endorses 
Darwin's theory to the letter, believing that 
the evils of the world must be cured by the 
moral and intellectual growth of mankind; a 
man with an ardent desire to elevate the 
standard of intelligence and morality in our 
own city, and a faithful worker to attain that 
end, he has been the originator and principal 
organizer of several societies that have accom- 
plished great good in this direction, namely — the 
Scientific and Literary association; Literary 
Fireside; Home Circle and Ethical society. 
His peculiar mental attainments have fitted 
him for the work in hand. He is probably che 
best extemporaneous speaker in the city of 
Muncie. Florid in expression, a good debater, 
deeply in earnest, frequently sharp and incisive 
in his remarks, but of the most tolerant dispo- 
sition; a man of refined tastes, neat in person, 
temperate and industrious, a good neighbor, a 
good husband, an indulgent parent and firm 
friend. His benevolence makes him a philan- 
thropist. Science, art, ethics and literature 
absorb his attention and study, and all associ- 
ations for their culture and promotion meet 
with his hearty support. He has made him- 
self acquainted with ancient and modern phil- 
osophy and various theologies and mythologies, 
both modern and ancient. 

The doctor was married October 14, i860, 
to Miss Sophora Spangler, a daughter of Henr\- 
and Anna (Reves) Spangler, who resided near 

the historic battle ground of Gettysburg, Pa., 
and were of German descent. Mrs. Bowles was 
born in March, 1841, and is a member of a 
family composed of thirteen rhildren, all of 
whom were remarkable for their physical vigor 
and the purity of their German characteristics. 
Her early education was obtained at the com- 
mon schools of her native state, but her liter- 
ary training is chiefly due to the doctor. She 
has been a diligent student and an omniverous 
reader, and is thoroughly in sympathy with her 
husband. She is remarkably acute as a critic 
in the mythologies, the theologies and the 
philosophies of ancient and modern times, and 
is altogether companionable. She is the 
mother of seven children, born in the following 
order: Herschel, Homer, Ardella, Leora, 
Ada, Herbert and Herman, of whom, however, 
Herbert and Ardella are deceased. The doc- 
tor and his family are most highly esteemed in 
Muncie, and the refined society of the city is 
always rejoiced at their presence within its 


HARLES W. BOYCE, the Muncie 
electrician, was born in Alliance, Ohio, 
December 27, 1866, and is a son of 
James and Eliza I^oyce, who came to 
Muncie, Ind., when their son Charles W., 
with whose name we open this sketch, was 
but four years of age. The latter received his 
education in the schools of Muncie and at the 
Miami Commercial college, Dayton, Ohio. 
At the age of seventeen he went to Portland, 
Ore., where for two years he was a pressman 
in a printing office, and in 1885 clerked for a 
dry goods house. In 1887 and 1888 he worked 
as pressman at Des Moines, Iowa, on the 
State Register, whence he went to Chicago, 
and for a time was in the press department of 
Rand, McNally cS: Co. Next he became a 
traveling salesman for Randall, Hall & Co., 


for a brief period, and then engaged for two 
years as superintendent for his father in his 
electric plant. Fort Wayne, Ind., was the 
next scene of his operations, and there he 
became manager of the Jenney Electric Manu- 
facturing company, and assisted them in 
putting in a plant at Evansville, Ind., and 
ether points. In 1891 the Falher block was 
burned, and Mr. Boyce was called in to re- 
wire it. He has ever since been superintend- 
ent of the Heat, Power & Light company, 
the plant being now situated at the corner of 
Elm and Willow streets, Muncie. This com- 
pany has four Edison incandescent dynamos, 
two Brush arc dynamos, about five miles of 
wire, fifty arc lights and 1000 incandescent, 
with uninterrupted service. 

Mr. Boyce was married, in 1889, to Miss 
Minnie, daughter of Charles P., and Nancy 
(Humphries) Thomas, of Fortville, Ind., the 
union being blessed with one child, James G. 
Mrs. Boyce is a lady of remarkable literary 
talent, and the following extract from a metro- 
politan daily, will give an adequate idea of 
some of her work in this line: 

"Tragedies, comedies, romances are being 
lived all around us — it is the art of the story 
teller to give our every day experiences that 
touch of nature which makes all the world 
akin. Hoosier life is fertile and teeming with 
an element which is found nowhere else ; a 
humorous and a pathetic side which delights 
the world at large, and from this element 
springs the popularity of our own inimitable 
James Whitcomb Riley. No less popular are 
the wholesome and clever story delineations of 
Minnie Thomas Boyce. Her ' Punkin Holler' 
sketches, first appearing in the Chicago Inter 
Ocean, have been widely copied and no less 
widely admired. 'Bertha Jane,' which was 
published in the Ladies' Home Journal, is a 
story of much power. Mrs. Boyce adds to 
her talent as a story writer fine abilities as an 

elocutionist. She writes her own recitations 
and never fails to delight an audience. She 
composes rapidly and is more fortunate than 
most young writers in that she finds a ready 
market for MSS. Most of writers have their 
special hours for composition, her's are in the 
evening when the cares of the day are over. 
Mrs. Boyce has on hand a series of 'Hoosier 
Stories' which will appear in book form in the 
near future ; her original recitations may also 
be given to the public at a later date. She 
gives great promise in the developement of 
that western literature of which we are so 
justly proud and which is second to none in 
the world of literary art." 

deceased, was born in Wayne coun- 
ty, Ind., September 17, 1842, and 
was one of fourteen children born to 
Abner M. and Mary (Boyd) Bradbury. Alli- 
son B. Bradbury received his preparatory edu- 
cation in the public schools of his native 
county, and this was supplemented by a course 
in the Ann Arbor (Mich.) university. After 
graduating from the medical department of 
that institution of learning he entered on the 
practice of his chosen profession at Milton, 
Wayne county, Ind., in the spring of 1865, 
having taught school for several years just 
prior to his finally engaging in practice. In 
1868 and 1869 he attended the college of 
Physicians and Surgeons, at Brooklyn, N. Y. , 
for which he had been prepared by a course of 
study under Dr. Griffis, of Middletown, Ind., 
and in February, 1872, resumed his practice at 
Milton, Ind., for a short time, afterward re- 
siding at Cambridge City, Ind., where he met 
with flattering success, and felt justified in re- 
maining until 1879, when he was called to the 
more extensive and remunerative field of Mun- 



cie, where he held a prominent position in the 
practice until his death,. January 23, 1892. 
The marriage of the doctor was a most felici- 
tous one and took place July 26, 1863, to Miss 
Sarah Burr, who was born in Middletown, 
Ind., September 9, 1843, the daughter of 
Chauncy and Jane (Williams) Burr, both pio- 
neers of Henry county, Ind., the former a tan- 
ner by trade, and one of the most highly re- 
sjjected citizens of Henry county, in which lie 
served as justice of the peace for over fnrt\- 

To the union of Dr. Bradbury and Miss 
Burr were born three children, vi/: Bertrand 
F., Zerelda (deceased), Jane, a teacher in the 
city schools of Muncie. It was just about the 
time of the occurrence of his marriage that the 
doctor entered the one hundred days' service, 
which time he served with effective gallantry 
in the One Hundred and Thirt}-seventh 
Ohio national guards. Dr. Bradbury was 
a prominent republican and an active work- 
er from principle and not from aspiration 
to any public office. Although many times he 
sought to fill public office, he never acquiesced 
to his friends except to assume the office of 
secretary of the board of health of Muncie, 
which he filled creditably for a number of 
years. His death came suddenly, the result of 
an accident, and was a shock to his many 
friends, as he was a man dearly loved by all 
and filled a niche in society and his profession 
which can never be filled. He was a pioneer 
in spirit and purchased 400 acres of land near 
Carmack station in the wildest state, and 
transformed it into one of the best farms in the 

Bertrand F. Bradbury was born August i O, 
1866, and was a son of Allison and Sarah 
(Burr) Bradbury. His education was acquired 
at the public schools, and at the age of eight- 
een he began his business life by becoming a 
clerk in the store of J. B. Knowlton, imple- 

ment dealer, and luxt as book-keeper for J. 
Vogt, nicrciuint tailor, with whom he remained 
three years, after which time, in November, 
1889, in company with Lee Shaw, engaged in 
the hat trade, and since i S92 has been con- 
ducting the establishment on his sole account, 
making hosts of friends. 

*w ^ ON. ARTHUR W. BKADY, mayor of 
|f^ Muncie, is a nati\e of Delaware 
jL,r courrty, Ind., born on the 13th day 
of January, 1865, the son of Gen. 
Thomas J. and Emeline (Wolfe) Brady. After 
receiving a primary education in the schools 
of Muncie and attending a preparatory school 
in New Preston, Conn., Mr. Bradj', in 1883, 
entered Yale college, in which he completed 
the prescribed course, graduating in the class 
of 1887 with the degree of B. A. He then 
studied law in the office of K. C. Bell, of Ft. 
Wayne, Ind., one year, entered the law de- 
partment of the university of Michigan at Ann 
Arbor, and graduated in the year 1889. Mr. 
Brady, in the fall of the above yeaX, was ad- 
mitted to the Delaware county bar; has done 
an extensive legal business in the courts of 
Delaware county and the United States court, 
and in 1890 was made local attorney for the 
L. E. & W. R. R., which position he still re- 
tains. Mr. Brady is a democrat in his politi- 
cal affiliations, and in 1891 was nominated by 
his party for the office of mayor or Muncie, to 
which, with the assistance of independent re- 
publican voters, he was elected by the hand- 
some majority of 660. He has the honor of 
being the youngest man ever elected to this 
responsible position, and he has discharged 
the duties of the office in a manner highly 
creditable to himself and satisfactory alike to 
his friends and to those who opposed him po- 


Mr. Brady is a man of much more than or- 
dinary mental capacity, and with his facuhies 
well disciplined by collegiate training he has 
already arisen to a prominent place among his 
professional brethren of the Delaware county 
bar. Mr. Brady is an affable gentleman, 
courteous and kind hearted, and his integrity 
and worth have made him quite popular not 
only with his professional associates but with 
all classes of his fellow citizens of the city of 
Muncie. He was one of the organizers of the 
Ancile club, of which he has served as direct- 
or, and belongs to Muncie lodge. No. 443, A. 
F. & A. M. ; also to Welcome lodge, K. P. 

@EN. THOMAS J. BRADY was born 
in the city of Muncie, Delaware coun- 
ty, Ind., on the 12th day of Febru- 
ary, 1840. His father, John Brady, 
the second son of William and Julia Ann 
(Lerch) Brady, was born in Warren county, 
Ohio, September 30, 1803. John Brady, in 
March, 1824, removed to Indiana, settling at 
Richmond, where, on the i6th of March, 
1825, he was united in marriage to .Mary 
Wright, who, with her mother, had immi- 
grated to Indiana from Maryland in 1824. 
Afterward, he removed to Muncie, in 1836. 
John Brady served as associate judge from 
1 841 to 1 85 1 and as postmaster from 1847 to 
1 86 1. Subsequently, in 1865, he was elected 
mayor of Muncie, and filled the office from 
that date until 1867. In 1871 he was chosen 
a member of the city council and served until 
1873. From 1878 to 1880 he served as town- 
ship trustee, and for many years was one of 
the city commissioners. He died in the year 
1884, deeply lamented by all who knew him. 
The following are the names of his children: 
William, died at an early age, Samuel F. , 
Thomas J. and Edward W. 

Thomas J. Brady was educated in the 
Delaware county seminary and at Asbury 
universit}' at Greencastle, Ind. After gradu- 
ating, he entered the office of Hon. Thomas J. 
Sample of Muncie as a student. During the 
winter of 1S58-59, he served in the capacity 
of clerk to the judiciary committee of the 
state senate. After being admitted to the bar, 
he removed to Bethany, Mo., but one year 
later returned to Muncie, served as census 
enumerator in 1 860, and the same year was 
appointed principal of the Washington schools, 
which position he held during one winter. At 
the breaking out of the war Gen. Brady raised 
the first company that went from Delaware 
county, in 1861. This company was at first 
assigned to a provisional regiment organized 
by Gov. Morton, with Gen. Lew Wallace in 
command, to assist in averting the danger that 
menaced the national capital. The company 
from Delaware county, however, became com- 
pany C, Eighth Indiana infantry — three 
months' service. They served under Gens. 
McClellan and Rosecrans in West Virginia. 
Subsequently Capt. Brady's company became 
company A, and the regiment was assigned to 
the department of Missouri. Shortly after the 
battle of Pea Ridge, Capt. Brady became 
major of the regiment, which afterward formed 
a part of Gen. McClernand's corps in Missis- 

Gen. Brady participated in the battle of 
Port Gibson, the Black River and Champion 
Hills campaigns, and was also active- 
ly engaged during the siege of Vicks- 
burg. On the 19th of September, 1863, 
he was made the recipient of a colonel's 
commission by Gov. Morton. His regi- 
ment was the One Hundred and Seven- 
teenth Indiana infantry, six months' troops. 
The term of enlistment of the One Hundred 
and Seventeenth expired in 1864, and, on the 
loth of October of that year. Gen. Brady was 


commissioned colonel of the One Hundred and 
Fortieth regiment Indiana volunteer infantry, 
over one half of which he raised by his own 
efforts during the summer of that year. With 
this regiment he went to Nashville, to Mur- 
freesboro', Tenn., and finally to garrison duty 
at Fort Rosecrans, where he remained during 
the siege of Nashville. He participated with 
his command in all the engagements in the 
vicinity of Murfreesboro, and the regiment af- 
terward formed a part of the Third brigade. 
First division. Twenty-third army corps, un- 
der the command of Gen. Cox. In 1865 the 
regiment took part in the storming of Fort 
Anderson, and subsequently was engaged in 
the action at Town Creek bridge. The regi- 
ment was mustered out of service July i i , 
1865, and within a short time thereafter Col. 
Brady was honored with a promotion by brevet 
to the rank of brigadier general of volunteers. 
In the winter of 1863-64 Gen. Brady returned 
to Muncie and was united in marriage to Miss 
Emeline, daughter of Adam Wolfe, on the 
loth day of May of the latter year, and at the 
close of his army life, he resumed the practice 
of his profession. The children born to his 
marriage are named Arthur W. , Elizabeth W. 
and Winfield E. Brady. 

In 1868 he purchased the Muncie Times. 
In 1870 he was appointed, by Pres. Grant, to 
the consulate of the island of St. Thomas, 
West Indies, and on this account he severed 
his connection with the Times. In 1874, 
while on leave of absence, he was appointed 
chairman of the republican state central com- 
mittee. He resigned his position as consul 
in 1875, and was soon after appointed super- 
visor of internal revenue for the states of Ohio 
and Indiana. Subsequently he was transferred 
from this district to the one embracing Ken- 
tucky, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi and 
Louisiana. In July, 1876, Gen. Grant ten- 
dered him the position of second assistant 

which he accepted, but 
lice when he has resided 

postmaster gener;i 
resigned in 1881, 
at the east. 

Adam Wolfe, hitc i>n>iniiicnt nierriiant of 
Muncie, Ind., was born in Washington county, 
Pa. , December 9, 1807 His paternal grandfather 
came from Germany before the American Rev- 
olution and settled in Little York, Pa. , where 
he married, and afterward moved to Wash- 
ington county, that state. The father of 
Adam Wolfe was John Wolfe, and his mother 
was Catherine Devore. Adam Wolfe was the 
seventh of eleven children, all of whom 
reached adult age and reared large families. 
During his infancy his parents moved to 
Coshocton county, Ohio. His time was. most- 
ly employed on the farm until he attained his 
majority, at which time his father died. In 
1829 he engaged in the mercantile business at 
New Guilford, Coshocton county, where he 
remained until May, 1830, at which time, 
owing to his partner's dishonesty, he was 
obliged to abandon the mercantile trade, hav- 
ing lost the greater part of his capital. Sub- 
sequently he embarked in the goods business 
in the town of W^estfield, where he remained 
until 1 84 1, at which time he went into the 
pork packing business. He soon lost all he 
had accumulated and became heavily involved 
in debt. From 1842 to 1855. he engaged in 
the manufacture and sale of fanning mills in 
connection with the mercantile business, and 
during this period amassed a large fortune. In 
1855 Mr. Wolfe moved to Muncie, Ind., in 
which state he had previously opened three 
stores, and for some time thereafter was 
engaged in the banking business in Marion and 
Columbia City. Prosperity attended his 
enterprises, and besides two banks he became 
the owner of five stores, one in each of the 
counties of Delaware, Madison, Grant, Hunt- 
ington and Blackford. 

Politically Mr. Wolfe was a democrat and 


cast his first presidential vote for Andrew 
Jackson. His large business prevented his 
engaging actively in politics, and, though often 
urged, he always refused to accept office. Mr. 
Wolfe was married, April 26, 1832, to Miss 
Elizabeth Elliott, daughter of Samuel Elhott 
of New York, by which union he had seven 
children, of whom the following are now liv- 
ing : Sabina W. Willson, of Marion, Ind., and 
Clara E. Bell, of Ft. Wayne, Ind. 

Mr. Wolfe was steadily engaged in business 
for over half of a century, and the large for- 
tune he accumulated proved him to be pos- 
sessed of superior ability. He gained his 
wealth honorably and used it worthily, and he 
was a liberal contributor to both public and 
private charities and assisted in building 
schools, colleges and churches. He had many 
admirable traits of character, being so kind, 
forbearing and conscientious that his home 
life was always peaceful, and his relations 
with others were never known to be broken by 
a quarrel. It is said that he had no enemy, 
and the entire community regarded him as an 
excellent man and a model merchant. His 
death occurred March 20, 1892. 

^^^EORGE W. BROOKS, proprietor of 
■ ^\ of Brooks' creamery, was born in 
\^M Cumberland county, N. J., Septem- 
ber, II, 1850, a son of Lewis M. 
and Rachael (Wilson) Brooks, natives of New 
Jersey and Pennsylvania, respectively. He 
was reared in Chester county, Pa. , and was 
educated in the excellent public schools of his 
district, later serving a three years' apprentice- 
ship to the trade of miller. In 1872, Mr. 
Brooks came west and located in Delaware 
county, Ind. , engaging in farming on what is 
now known as the Galliher addition, two 
years later purchasing a farm in Hamilton 

township and living upon the same until 1886, 
when he moved into the city of Muncie. In 
June, 1887, he established his present pros- 
perous creamery business, success having 
attended it from the beginning. Now the out- 
put is as much as 150,000 pounds of butter 
yearly, the most of which goes to supply the 
home market, the excellence of the product 
causing its ready sale. Politically Mr. Brooks 
is a republican; he also is a member of the 
I. O. O. F. and of the Order of Red Men, In 
1880, he married Miss Naomi Moore, the 
daughter of Aaron Moore, of Hamilton town- 
ship, but she was removed by death, January 
10, 1885, leaving one daughter, Mary Ernes- 
tine. Mr. Brooks is a member of Grace 
Methodist Episcopal church of Hamilton town- 
ship, and is considered one of the best and 
most prosperous citizens of the community. 


lawyer of Muncie, was born near 
Winchester, Va., October 3, 1826. 
His father, John Brotherton, was a 
native of Yorkshire, England, and after coming 
to America, engaged in farming. His mother, 
whose maiden name was Mary P. Hodge, was 
born in Virginia. They removed in 1835 to 
Greene, county, Ohio, when their son William 
was nine years of age. His early education was 
largely obtained by earnest study at home, al- 
though good use was also made of the meager 
advantages afforded by a country school. In 
1849, he gratified his long cherished desire to 
study law, by becoming a student in the office 
of Judge Moses Barlow, of Xenia, Ohio, and in 
1 85 1, was admitted to the bar. Selecting 
Muncie, Ind , as the field of his future efforts, 
Mr. Brotherton at once removed thither, and 
commenced the practice of law. With limited 
pecuniary means, without influence, and an 



entire stranger in the place, he entered upon 
the toilsome way for legal distinction. He 
gradually gained a lucrative practice, and also 
interested himself in politics, in which his 
abilities soon obtained general recognition. 
In 1853, only one year after his arrival in 
Muncie, he was elected district attorney of the 
common pleas court for the counties of Dela- 
ware, Grant, and Blackford, served two years, 
and in 1855 was elected prosecuting attorney 
of the Seventh judicial circuit. 

The republican party had just begun the 
struggle for supremacy, and on that ticket, in 
185S, Mr. Brotherton was elected to a seat in 
the legislature as representative from Dela- 
ware county. The nomination was accepted 
only by the urgent solicitation of friends. At 
the close of the term, in accordance with a 
resolution expressed at his election, he resumed 
the duties of his profession, and never after- 
ward permitted himself to be made a candi- 
date for any political office. In 1853 he mar- 
ried Miss Martha Richardson, of Centerville, 
Ind. They have three children, Lillie B., 
wife of W. H. Halliday, of Columbus, Ohio; 
Wm. R., attorney of Muncie, and Mamie M. 
Mr. Brotherton's great independence of spirit, 
of which his life was a constant illustration, 
is shown particularly in the fact that when 
he was prosecuting attorney, and his duties 
requiring him to travel over the country, he 
refused the gift of a horse, proffered by his 
parents. He was a man of liberal religious 
opinions, and broad views, of a generous, sym- 
pathetic, and retiring disposition, and very 
humorous, which latter feature made him very 
companionable. In his domestic relations he 
was one of the most amiable of men, his home 
being the scene of perfect harmony. He was 
one of the ablest lawyers and most highly 
respected citizens of Delaware county. He 
continued in the practice of his profession until 
his death, which occurred July 11, 1888. 

William R. Brotherton, son of William Broth- 
erton, spoken of above, was born in Muncie, 

Ind., July 28, 1858, graduated the high 
school of Muncie in 1878, studied law with 
his father and was his able office assistant. In 
1888 he was admitted to the bar, since which 
date he has conducted his deceased father's 
legal business with the most satisfactory 

I /^ Muncie, was born in Ohio, August 
M . r 26, 1799, and died at his home, near 
Muncie, Ind., October 9, 1878, in 
the eightieth year of his age. His father, 
John Buckles, was a native of Virginia, to 
which his grandfather, Robert Buckles, emi- 
grated from England before the Revolution, 
and settled at a place afterward known as 
Bucklestown. Abraham was married, Sep- 
tember 3, 1818, to Elizabeth Shanks, a lady 
of German and Welsh descent. After the 
marriage he removed to Springfield, Ohio, 
and thence to Miami county in that state. In 
1829 he was ordained minister of the Baptist 
church. In October, 1833, he removed, with 
his family, to Delaware county, Ind., and 
settled on a farm near Muncie, where he re- 
sided till the close of his life. Soon after his 
arrival in that neighborhood he organized the 
Muncie Baptist church, and served as its pas- 
tor forty-five years without other reward than 
a consciousness of the faithful discharge of 
duty. In the early part of his life Mr. Buck- 
les held various political offices, and in 1839 
was elected to a seat in the general assembly 
from Delaware county, a position which he 
filled with honor. Mr. Buckles had five chil- 
dren: Hon. Joseph S. (see sketch); Thomas 
N., now in California; John S. , deceased, 
formerly an able lawyer in Geneseo, 111 ; Mary 
(Mrs. Goble); and Ellen (Mrs. Campbell), who 
died a few years ago. 



m Muncie, was born near Springfield, 
/» 1 Ohio, July 29, 1 819, a son of 
Rev. Abraham and Elizabeth (Shanks) 
Buckles. His mother was Elizabeth Shanks, 
whose parents were Joseph and Eleanor 
(Clawson) Shanks, respectively of Scotch and 
German descent. Joseph Buckles lived till he 
was fourteen years old in Miami county, 
Ohio, to which his father had removed several 
years before; and then, in 1833, went to Mun- 
cie. This has ever since been his home, ex- 
cept during a period of nine months spent in 
Blackford county. Much of his time was 
necessarily employed in the work on the farm 
and little could be devoted to school; but 
while he did attend he studied most diligently. 
Such was his thirst for knowledge that when 
obliged to labor all day he pursued his studies 
at night by the light of an open fire-place. In 
this manner, aided to some extent by pri- 
vate instruction, Mr. Buckles acquired pro- 
ficiency in the common branches and some ac- 
quaintance with general history. He now be- 
gan, at the age of nineteen, the labors of a 
district school teacher. While thus engaged, 
in 1838 he was urged by Mr. Kennedy, then 
member of congress from this district, to com- 
mence the study of law. This he did in Mr. 
Kennedy's office and was admitted to practice 
in the circuit court in 1841, and in the state, 
supreme, and the federal courts in September, 
1850. After practicing about five years, Mr. 
Buckles was elected prosecuting attorney for 
the Sixth circuit. At the close of the term of 
two years he was chosen state senator from the 
district composed of the counties of Grant and 
Delaware; and while in the senate was chosen 
chairman of the judiciary committee. In 
1857, at the expiration of his term, he re- 
turned, and devoted his time to his clients un- 
til 1858, when he was elected judge of the 
Seventh judicial circuit. In this position he 

remained twelve years, and then resumed 
practice in the state and federal courts. Dur- 
ing the campaign of 1872 Judge Buckles 
served as a senatorial elector, and canvassed 
the greater part of the state. Prior to 1S80 he 
was a free-soil democrat; but then deemed it his 
duty to support President Lincoln's admin- 
istration, and has ever been strongly attached 
to the republican party. 

Judge Buckles also took a prominent part 
in the organization of the United party in the 
state of Indiana during the war. As already 
stated he resumed the practice of his profes- 
sion at the expiration of his official term in 
1 870 and was actively engaged in the courts 
of Delaware and other counties in eastern 
Indiana until 1886, when he practically retired 
from business life. In the latter year he was 
elected to the state legislature, in which he 
served one term, and while a member of that 
body served on the agriculture and finance 
committees. In the development of the great 
gas fields of Indiana, Judge Buckles has acted 
a very important part. He is a stockholder 
and president of the York Prairie Manufactur- 
ing company and is also a member of the Cit- 
izens' Enterprise company of Muncie. Judge 
Buckles was one of the originators of the 
Lafayette, Muncie & Bloomington railroad, 
and is its attorney and a member of its board 
of managers; he was also instrumental in the 
construction of the Fort Wayne & Southern 
railway, and became the treasurer and general 
financial agent of the company. He married, 
January 27, 1842, Catharine H. Williams. 
She was born in Ohio, and was a daughter of 
Abel and Rebecca Williams, the former of 
whom is of Scotch descent. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Buckles were born eight children, four of 
whom are living: Elizabeth, wife of Captain 
A. K. Lindsey, of Kansas; Rebecca, now Mrs. 
J. W. McCrea; Josie, wife of William E. 
Yost, of Muncie; and Cora, wife of William 



McVay, who resides in Sterling, Kan. Mrs. 
Buckles died September, 1888, and in Decem- 
ber of the following year the judge was united 
in marriage with Miss Louisa S. Schroerlucke, 
of Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Judge Buckle's farm contains 680 acres of 
choice land, with good buildings. For twenty 
years he has been successful in politics, and 
one of the leading lawyers in that part of the 
state in which he resides. The circuit in 
which he administered the duties of judge 
embraced five of the most populous counties. 
He is a man whose mind is controlled by a 
motive power that does not require the advan- 
tage of wealth and influence to attain success, 
but steadily and surely advances. Judge 
Buckle's e.xample should encourage every as- 
piring youth to feel that, however dark the 
future may appear, perseverance, with a con- 
scientious regard for truth, will win a just 
reward. He has never deviated from that 
rigid rule of honor that ought to actuate and 
govern a true man. 

^'^AMUELO. BUDD, senior member of 
•^^^ the famous dental firm of Budd & Son, 

r\,^J Muncie, Ind., is a native of West- 
chester county, N. V., and was born 
November 23, 1829. His parents, John P., 
and Hebe (Sands) Budd, were also natives of 
New York state, the former of whom was of 
Scotch and French extraction and the latter of 
English parentage. To John P. and Hebe 
there were but two children born — Susan and 
Samuel O. The family came to Union county, 
Ind., in 1836, and settled near Fairfield, where 
Samuel O. was reared on a farm until twenty 
years of age. In April, 1S53, they came to 
Muncie, but in the meantime Samuel O. had 
learned both the carpenter's trade and gun- 
smithing, and on arriving in Muncie opened a 

gunsmith shop and carried on tlir business until 
i860. He then began the stud)- of dentistry 
with Drs. Riley & McCormick, and in a short 
time, under their preceptorship, he became a 
proficient in the art. In iS^i he ojicncd a 
dentist's office, but still continued doing odd 
jobs at gunsmithing. By 1863 his fame as a 
dentist had become established, and from that 
time on he has devoted his entire attention to 
the science. He has been a hard student and 
is thoroughly posted in his profession, has 
made an excellent reputation and enjoys a 
lucrative practice. 

Dr. Budd was married, in 1853, to Miss 
Indiana Allen, daughter of John Allen, a 
pioneer of Franklin county, Ind. ; this lady 
was born November i, 1834, and has become 
the mother of five children, viz: Ada S. A., 
now Mrs. Edwin p:ilis; Chester Allen, who 
entered into business with his father Jidy 15, 
1879; Rose; wife of William S. Stewart; Mary, 
deceased, and John M. The doctor and his 
amiable wife are members of the Universalist 
church being charter members of their church 
society. In his earlier days the doctor was a 
republican in politics, but in i 884 he became 
a prohibitionist and now is one of the stanchest 
advocates of that cause. He is a royal arch 
Mason, and as a member of society he and 
family enjoy the sincere respect of their 
neighbors, and as professional men he and his 
son hold positions among the foremost dentists 
of Muncie. 

a HESTER ALLEN BUDD, i,l the firm 
of Budd & Son, the famous dental 
surgeons of Muncie, Ind., is a native 
of the city and was born March 13. 
1S57, and of whom furtluT mention of his 
parentage has been made abo\e. Chester A. 
i has passed his whole business career in Mun- 



cie and all of his social career. From her 
high school he graduated in June, 1875, fol- 
lowing which date he entered the Ohio college 
of Dental Surgery at Cincinnati, and after 
graduating in 1879 returned to Muncie and en- 
gaged in practice with his father, and from 
that date on has filled a foremost position in 
the profession in all its various branches, pros- 
thetic and theoretical. He was most happily 
married, September 18, 1879, to Miss Fran- 
ces L. Corbly, who was born in Mount Wash- 
ington, Hamilton county, Ohio, December 20, 
1854, a daughter of William and Louise (Den- 
ham) Corbly, a most respectable family now 
residing in Muncie, having come to the state 
in 1874. Seven children have been born to 
bless this union and are named Alma S., 
William O., Ada May, Chester F., Bessie E. , 
Frank W. and Allen M. Mr. Budd is a mem- 
ber of Muncie lodge. No. 74, I. O. O. F., and 
the Muncie encampment. No. 30. In politics 
he is a republican, and with his wife he is a 
member of the Universalist church. 

<>^OBERT A. BUNCH, M. D., one of 
I /^ the most successful physicians and 
M . P surgeons of Muncie, was born Octo- 
ber 28, 1852, in the town of Portland, 
Jay county, Ind. Paternally he descended 
from French ancestry, and on the mother's 
side traces the history of his family back to 
Ireland. His grandfather, William Bunch, 
left France in an early day, emigrating to the 
United States and settling in North Carolina. 
He served with distinction in the war of 181 2, 
and many years ago moved to Indiana, set- 
tling in the town of Portland, thence later 
moved to Plymouth, Marshall county, where 
his death occurred at the advanced age of 
eighty-nine years. The doctor's maternal 
grandfather was born in Ireland, from which 

country he emigrated to Virginia, and after 
residing in that state a number of years became 
a resident of Ohio. Ishmael Bunch, the doc- 
tor's father, was born in North Carolina and 
came to Indiana at the age of thirty, settling 
west of Portland, in Jay county, where he en- 
gaged in farming and stock raising. He mar- 
ried, at the age of thirty-five. Miss Margaret 
Bishop of Greene county, Ohio, by whom he 
had five children, namely, Dixon M., Robert 
A., Nathan E., John A. and Elizabeth N. Of 
these, Robert A., Nathan E. and John A. are 
living at this time. Ishmael Bunch died on 
the 25th day of February, 1865, at his home 
in Jay county, after an illness of almost two 

Dr. Bunch attended the public schools of 
Portland until his fifteenth year, and then en- 
tered Liber college. Jay county, which he 
attended five terms, supplementing his educa- 
tion in that institution by a course in the 
Northern Indiana Normal school at Valparaiso. 
He early signified his intention of becoming a 
physician, and after finishing his literary course 
he began reading medicine in the office of 
Gillam & Allen of Portland, under whose 
instruction he continued for some time, and 
then began the practice of his profession at 
DeSoto, a small village in Delaware county. 
With a laudable desire to increase his profes- 
sional knowledge, Dr. Bunch entered the 
Eclectic Medical institute of Cincinnati, Ohio, 
in which he completed the prescribed course, 
graduating in June, 1881. He continued the 
practice at the town of DeSoto for a number 
of years, and then sought a wider- field in 
Muncie, moving to the latter city in 1889, 
where he has since established a large and 
growing practice and earned the reputation of 
one of the most successful physicians in Dela- 
ware county. So extensive has his practice 
become that he has found it necessary to em- 
ploy an assistant, and his professional business 

R. A. BUNCH, M. D. 




at this time is perhaps larger tlian that of any 
other medical man in Muncie. Dr. Bunch 
combines, with a thorough knowledge of his 
profession, the sympathizing nature and tender 
touch of the true healer; and he has earned 
the reputation of the poor man's friend, never 
turning any one away on account of inability 
to remunerate him for services rendered. He 
has good business tact, and his careful judg- 
ment, diligence, and faithful application to 
his profession, have secured him not only a 
very large and lucrative practice, but have 
made him exceedingly popular with all classes 
of people with whom he has had professional 
or other relations. He is a man of good pres- 
ence and dignified bearing, benevolent in all 
the term implies, and is certainly entitled to 
prominent mention among the representative 
men of Delaware county. Dr. Bunch was 
married April 20, 1877, to Miss Mary A. Bair, 
and his home has been brightened by four 
interesting children : Bessie G., RoUie H., 
Freddie L. , and Morrell McK., all living. 

EON. JOHN \V. BURSON was born 
August 21, 1820, at the Burson 
homestead in Springfield township, 
Bucks county. Pa. , within five miles 
of the town Bursonville. His parents were 
Dr. Edward and Jemima (Stroud) Burson, 
who removed from Bursonville to Stroudsburg, 
Pa. , and subsequently to Wilmington, Ohio. 
His father was an able physician, practiced 
both in Pennsylvania and Ohio, and died at 
Waynesville, Ohio, in 1852. His mother died 
at Richmond, Ind., in 1863. His paternal 
grandparents were David and Lydia (Will- 
iams) Burson. Lydia Williams was one of a 
numerous family who settled near the Dela- 
ware river, above Bristol, and not far from 
Irvina. Dr. Burson's father was a native of 
Wales and settled in America about the mid- 

dle of the eighteenth century. The matertial 
grandparents were Col. Jacob and ICli/abcth 
(McDowell) Stroud. Jacob was the foundiT 
of Stroudsburg, now a flourishing and beauti- 
ful village situated above the Delaware Gap. 
In the campaign of the English against the 
French, Col. Stroud, although a young officer, 
served on the staff of Gen. Wolfe, and was 
present at the death of his general at the 
storming of Quebec. 

In the year of 1 837, Mr. Burson accompanied 
his father's family to Clinton county, Ohio, 
where for seven years his time was employed 
in superintending a farm near Wilmington 
Subsequently he learned the carpenter's trade, 
and worked in Ohio and afterward at LaPorte, 
Ind. Returning from the latter city to Ohio, 
he was engaged in mercantile pursuits with 
the means saved from his earnings as a me- 
chanic. He possessed the qualties of a suc- 
cessful business man, more as the endowment 
of nature than the result of education, and, in 
1 848, at the age of twenty-eight years, he was 
elected teller of the Eaton branch of the old 
State Bank of Ohio, where he remained for 
about four years. It was during this period 
that he formed the acquaintance of his devoted 
wife, Mary E. Wilson, to whom he was united 
in marriage February 19, 1851. 

In 1853, he left the Eaton branch bank, 
and with John Hunt founded the Cambridge 
City bank, at Cambridge City, Ind. In the 
great financial crisis of a few years later, this 
was one of the few banks that withstood the 
shock. In 1856, he came to Muncie and 
formed the Muncie branch of the State I^ank 
of Indiana, with a capital of $100,000, which 
was soon increased to $150,000. In 1S65, 
this bank was reorganized under the national 
bank act, with a capital of $200,000, and a 
surplus sum of $100,000, and Mr. Burson was 
its ca.shier. In 1S71, the capital increased to 
$300,000, the surplus remaining as before. 



For a number of years Mr. Burson was a di- 
rector of the "Bee Line" railway, and a di- 
rector of the Lafayette, Muncie & Blooming- 
ton railway at the time of his decease. In 
politics he was a republican, and served as a 
member of the state central committee from 
this district from 1868 to the time of his de- 
mise. Once only did he permit himself to be- 
come a candidate for office. This was in 1 870, 
wh^n he was elected state senator from the 
districts composed of the counties of Delaware 
and Madison. 

After an illness of three weeks, Mr. Burson 
passed peacefully away on September 21, 
1872. The obsequies took place on the 24th, 
and a special train draped in mourning carried 
the Masonic order of neighboring cities, 
together with a large number of friends, to 
mourn the loss of the deceased. Business was 
suspended in Muncie, and the entire county 
was in mourning. The funeral services were 
conducted according to the rites of the Mason- 
ic order, and the corpse was in charge of the 
Muncie commandery. No. 18, of which he 
was a member. Raper commandery, and the 
members of the Scottish Rite order, from Indi- 
anapolis, were also in attendance. Among 
the distinguished visitors who came to mingle 
their tears with those of the bereaved family, 
was ex-Gov. Oliver P. Morton, between 
whom and Mr. Burson a strong personal 
friendship had existed for many years. Dur- 
ing that terrible period embraced between the 
years of 1861 and 1865, Gov. Morton had no 
firmer friend, no truer ally, and none to whom 
he could look with more positive assurance of 
encouragement and assistance, than Mr. Bur- 
son. Nothing was thought too extravagant, 
when represented as a need of the nation's 
defender; no journey was too tedious or too 
dangerous for him to undertake, and what- 
ever sum of money was asked by ' 'the war 
governor" of Indiana to further his plans or 

relieve the wants of the Indiana soldiers, it 
was cheerfully and unhesitatingly advanced. 

He became a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church in 1858, and, throughout 
his life was a faithful attendant upon its serv- 
ices and means of grace. He was a consist- 
ent and enthusiastic Free Mason and a Knight 
Templar. He received the orders of knight- 
hood in Raper commandery. No. i, at Indian- 
apolis, July 8 and 22, 1863; was a charter 
member of the Muncie commandery, No. 18, 
and took the thirty-second degree of Masonry 
(Scottish rite), at Cincinnati, Ohio. At the 
annual conclave of the grand commandery his 
death was referred to in touching language by 
the grand commander in his address, and both 
branches of the general assembly of Indiana 
adopted appropriate resolutions, while the sen- 
ate chamber was draped for a period of thirty 
days. In the church and in the Sunday 
school, in political and commercial affairs, his 
voice was heard, and his influence felt and 
acknowledged; and his keen judgment and 
scrupulous principles made him a safe and val- 
ued counselor in matters affecting public or 
private interests. 


ILLIAM CALAWAY, proprietor of 
one of the largest sale and livery 
stables in Muncie, Ind., was born 
in Wabash county, this state, in 
November, 1855, and was reared in the town 
of "Wabash, where his father, Stephen Cala- 
way, kept hotel. William attended school 
until thirteen years old, and then, of his own 
accord, left home and made his way to Wich- 
ita, Kan., did any work he could handle until 
seventeen, and then for a year and a half 
carried the mail between Wichita and Chey- 
enne, a distance of 1 20 miles. He next 
bought a feed yard at Wichita, but sold out at 
the expiration of two years, returned to Indi- 





ana, and traded in and shipped horses for a 
year at Fort \\'ayne; thence he went to Ko- 
konio, Ind., and for six years carried on a 
Hvery stable, and afterward owned stables at 
Liberty, then at Dublin, and again at Liberty, 
where he also bought and shipped horses in 
partnership with Hollis Beard. Here he sold 
out to his partner and came to Muncie in 
August, 1893, bought a livery stand on Frank- 
lin street, and also owned a feed yard on Elm 
and Main streets for a time, then sold and 
purchased his present barn, on Gilbert street, 
of Milt Hamilton. This is the largest and 
most popular livery, feed and sale stable in 
the city, as 510 horses have been sheltered in 
it at one time, and it is here where the semi- 
monthly Delaware county horse sales were 
held. Mr. Calaway also carries a full line of 
rigs for hire, at the lowest rates, and his ani- 
mals are among the best in the land. He has 
owned such thoroughbreds as Wild Duck, 
winner in Illinois and Iowa, and the Kentucky- 
bred horse. Kill Dove, that won several places 
in Ohio in 1891 ; also several trotters and pa- 
cers of note. 

Mr. Calaway was married, in 1880, to Rosa 
McCarty, of Marion, Ind. , but lost his lady in 
1886. In June, 1887, he married Miss Helen 
Rood, of Liberty, Ind., and this union has 
been blessed with four children, viz: Mary, 
Gertrude, Homer and Ma.\. Mr. Calaway is 
a <member of the I. O. O. F. , and as a busi- 
ness man he is regarded as strictly upright and 
without guile. Socially he is popular, and is 
agreeable in his intercourse with his fellow- 
men, accommodating and obliging. 

jV^AVID CAMMACK.— The grain and 

I I lumber bu'feiness of the city of Mun- 

/^^^ cie, of late years, has become quite 

extensive and profitable, and among 

the prominent men interested therein is the 

gentleman whose name introduces this biogra- 
phy. David Cammack was born in Wayne 
county, Ind., January 25, 1846, and is the son 
of Nathan H. and Priscilla (Morris) Cammack, 
natives of Indiana and North Carolina, respect- 
ively, the father for many years a successful 
manufacturer of woolen goods in Wayne 
county, this state. David Cammack received 
his elementary education in the public schools, 
and later became a student of Earlham college, 
Richmond, Ind., where he pursued his studies 
until December, 1 863, at which time he entered 
the army as private in company K, One Hun- 
dred and Twenty-fourth Indiana volunteer 
infantry, with which he served until the close 
of the war. His regiment formed a part of 
the army of the Cumberland, and during his 
period of service he participated in many of 
the noted and hard-fought battles of the south- 
western campaign, through all of which he 
passed without receiving an injury. After 
peace had once more descended upon the land, 
he returned home and became a partner with 
his father in the manufacturing business, which 
he continued until his removal to Cambridge 
City in the year 1869. He early became pro- 
ficient in the manufacture of woolen goods, and 
all the clothing worn by himself until his 
twenty-eighth year was made from goods 
woven with his own hands. In Cambridge 
City he began dealing in lumber, and after a 
successful continuance there of ten years re- 
moved to what is known as Cammack Station, 
Delaware county, and began the manufacture 
of hard-wood lumber, which he has since con- 
ducted upon an extensive scale in connection 
with the buying and shipment of grain. 

In 1890 Mr. Cammack was instrumental in 
organizing the Muncie Coil Hoop company, of 
which -he was president until F"ebruary, 1892. 
In a business sense Mr. Cammack is thorough- 
going and progressive, and the varifius enter- 
prises which have inured so greatl}- to the ad- 


vancement of this flourishing city have found 
in him an earnest friend and Hberal benefactor. 
At this time he is president of the Co-opera- 
tive Fuel Gas company, and he was the princi- 
pal mover and is now the executive head of 
what is known as the Cammack Gas company, 
the success of which is directly traceable to his 
efforts. He is also a potent factor and promi- 
nent member of the Citizens' Enterprise com- 
pany, and was a member of the Indiana State 
Cracker company, and acted as its president, 
and also vice-president of the Muncie Indus- 
trial Loan company, and also the vice-presi- 
dent of the Muncie Savings and Loan com- 

In 1 891 Mr. Cammack effected a co-part- 
nership with J. L. Streeter and William Marsh 
under the name of D. Cammack & Co. , which 
firm does a very extensive grain business, hav- 
ing warehouses at Cammack, Royerton and 
Selma. In 1883 the station and post office at 
the point known as Cammack were named in 
honor of David Cammack, through whose 
efforts so much has been accomplished toward 
the material development and upbuilding of 
this section of the gas belt. He is proprietor 
of a large lumber mill at Mulberry, Ind. , 
which does a very extensive and lucrative bus- 
iness, and is also prominently identified with 
various other enterprises which have resulted 
in great good to the country. Mr. Cammack 
is prominently identified with the Masonic fra- 
ternity, belonging to Muncie lodge, chapter, 
council and commandery, also to the Indiana 
consistory, S. K., the Murat temple, N. M. S., 
and the Muncie lodge of B. P. O. E. He 
was an organizer, and at this time is past sa- 
chem of the Cammack White Feather tribe, 
I. O. R. M., and is also a prominent member 
of Williams post, G. A. R., of Muncie. Po- 
litically Mr. Cammack is uncompromisingly 
republican and adheres to the doctrines of his 
party as persistently as he attends to his other 

duties of life. Mr. Cammack is in every re- 
spect a representative business man, and his 
success in his various enterprises has been the 
result of superior intelligence, directed and 
controlled by wise forethought. He has an 
elegant home in Muncie, his residence being 
among the finest in the city, the building alone 
representing a capital of over $8,000, and the 
furnishing, all of which is of the latest and 
most improved pattern, cost the sum of $5,000. 
In 1873 Mr. Cammack and Miss Ella E. Mar- 
son, daughter of John Marson of Cambridge 
City, Ind., became man and wife, and three 
children have been born to their union: Ralph, 
Grace May and Adda. The first named was 
born in 1880, and lost his life in an accident 
at the Cammack mills on the 17th day of July, 
1885. Mrs. Cammack and daughters are 
members of the Baptist church, but Mr. Cam- 
mack, himself, adheres to the simple Quaker 
belief of his forefathers. 

^>^ OBERT P. CAMPBELL, a success- 
I /^ ful business man, well and favorably 
J , P known in the city of Muncie, was 
born in Zanesville, Muskingum coun- 
ty, Ohio, July 27, 1857, a son of Thomas and 
Margaret (Smith) Campbell. The father was 
a native of England, born in the city of 
Carlysle, April 13, 1825, and eame to the. 
United States in 1845, locating in Zanesville, 
Ohio, where he became a leading druggist and 
where he resided until 1886. In the latter 
year he removed to Baltimore, Md., where he 
died November 29, 1887. He was a brave 
soldier in the war of the rebellion, and was a 
popular citizen and business man in the city 
where he resided. His wife died on the 5th 
of April, 1869. She bore her husband five 
children, whose names are as follows: Robert 
P., Maria, Thomas, editor of the Laborers' 


Journal of Zaiiesville, Ohio; Lizzie, ami Mar- 
garet, deceased. 

Robert P. Campbell was reared in his native 
city and enjoyed exceptional advantages for 
obtaining an education, graduating with honors 
from the high school at a comparatively early 
age From his fifteenth year he evinced a de- 
cided preference for the trade of book binding, 
to which he devoted all of his spare moments 
and in which he acquired an unusual degree 
of skill and proficiency. This trade requires 
extreme nicety of labor and an eye skilled to 
form and color, and such was the talent dis- 
played by young Campbell that the firm of 
Sullivan & Brown of Zanesville received him 
as an apprentice, the result of which was his 
retention by this well known house for a period 
of eleven years Here he became a skilled 
workman, but afterward acquired a more 
thorough knowledge of the trade in the great 
establishments of Dayton, Columbus, Balti- 
more and Chicago, following which, he located 
in the city of Lima, Ohio, where he carried on 
a successful business until his removal to Mun- 
cie in December, 1892 Since locating in the 
latter city Mr. Campbell's success has fully 
met his expectations, and he now has a tastily 
arranged office and business room in the Boyce 
block, which is supplied with all the modern 
appliances for book binding and the making 
of blank books of every description. He is 
thoroughly familiar with every detail of his 
business, has an extensive and constantly in- 
creasing patronage, and his reputation as a 
skillful workman in every line of the trade is 
already much more than local. In the affairs 
of business and of every day life Mr. Camp- 
bell's actions are governed by a high sense of 
honor, and since locating in Muncie he has 
gained the confidence of all with whom he has 
come in contact. Socially he is quite popular, 
and those whom he meets or with whom he 
has business or other relations unite in pro- 

nouncing liim a most congenial, companion- 
able and courteous gentleman. 

Mr. Campbell was married in Zanesville, 
Ohio, October 30, 1879, to Miss Ella Emery, 
daughter of James and Catharine (Watson) 
Emery, natives of Tyrone, Ireland, who be- 
came citizens of Zanesville in the year 1842. 
Four children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Campbell, namely: Robert, deceased; Clar- 
ence R., Robert P., Jr., and Ruth. Mr. and 
Mrs. Campbell are members of the Methodist 
church, in which they are highly regarded. 
Politically Mr. Campbell is a supporter of the 
republican party, belongs to the Sons of Vet- 
erans and is a member of the Roval Arcanum. 


I /^ Christian church, Muncie (retired), 
M . F was born in Monroe township, Dela- 
ware county, Ind., in 1841, and is a 
son of Patrick and Louisa (Gibson) Carmichael. 
He was reared on a farm four miles south of 
Muncie, and remembers when the city was but 
a small village. He was educated in the com- 
mon schools of Delaware county until he had 
passed his twentieth birthday, when he enlist- 
ed in company E, Nineteenth I. V. I., under 
Col. Sol Meredith, and was assigned to the 
army of the Potomac, being soon promoted to 
first sergeant. His first heavy engagement 
was at the second battle of Bull Run; then at 
South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, 
Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. Here, on 
the first day of the battle, he sustained a gun- 
shot wound back of the right knee; was taken 
to the hospital (the court house), but owing to 
the vast amount of work to be done by the 
surgeons, his wound was neglected for two 
weeks, and gangrene set in; being sent to the 
hospital at Baltimore, he was confined for 
three months, the gangrene in the meanwhile 


eating in a large hole in the flesh and render- 
ing the whole side of the lower part of the 
limb devoid of sensation. He was then trans- 
ferred to the Twenty-second Veteran Reserve 
corps, being unfit for further field service, and 
put on guard duty at Washington until honor- 
ably discharged, July 29, 1864, after three 
years' service He then returned to the farm 
in Delaware county, on which he remained 
until 1875, when, his health having further 
failed, he located in Muncie, and taught 
school at various intervals until about 1880. 
About the year 1865 he had united with the 
Christian church, in which he became an 
active worker, filling the position of elder for 
a long period. About 1 880 he began regular 
ministerial work, preaching at different points 
in Delaware county, principally as pastor at 
Smithfield, Pleasant Run, Royerton, Switzer, 
Centre, Swazee, and Converse, and after fer- 
vent and eloquent pleading for the cause of 
his Master, closed his labors about 1892 on 
account of failing health. 

Mr. Carmichael was married, in 1864, to 
Miss Martha, daughter of John add Mary 
(Thompson) Losh, of Delaware county. Five 
children blessed this union, viz: Otto, on the 
the editorial staff of the Detroit Journal; 
Milton, city editor of the same paper, and also 
former assitant chief of the Muncie fire depart- 
ment; Wilson, cutter in a custom tailoring es- 
tablishment at Indianapolis; Jesse, reporter on 
the Muncie News, and Mary, at home, Mr. 
Carmichael is a member of the Williams post, 
G. A. R. , and in politics is a stalwart repub- 

I /<^ is a native of Delaware county, Ind. , 
I , y and a member of one of the earliest 
pioneer families of the present town- 
ship of Monroe. His father, Patrick Car- 

michael, was born in Ohio, the son of Andrew 
Carmichael, a descendant of an Irish family, 
representatives of which came to the United 
States at an early period of the country's his- 
tory. Patrick Carmichael came to Delaware 
county with his parents as early as 1827, lo- 
cating on government land in Monroe town- 
ship, a part of his original entry being now 
owned by Rev. Valentine G. He cleared a 
farm, taught school for some years in an early 
day, and about the year 1839 or 1S40 was 
united in marriage with Miss Louisa Gibson, 
daughter of Valentine and Catharine (Harrold) 
Gibson, who became residents of the county 
of Delaware as early as 1825, moving to this 
part of the state from Tennessee. Patrick and 
Louisa Carmichael reared a family of fifteen 
children, namely. Oliver; Milton, member of the 
Fifty-seventh Indiana volunteers, died while in 
the service ; Andrew, also died while serving his 
country in the late war, member of the Sixty- 
ninth regiment, Indiana troops ; Valentine G. ; 
Eliza, wife of J. J. Clevenger ; Mary A., de- 
ceased ; Charles ; Catharine, married to Joseph 
Stiffler, resides in South Dakota ; William, 
deceased ; John, deceased ; Ephraim F. , re- 
sides in Muncie ; George W., also a resident 
of Muncie; Firmin V., lives with his mother 
on the old homestead ; Margaret, deceased, 
and Coloston, deceased. Patrick Carmichael 
was one of the well known pioneers of Dela- 
ware county, and during a long and very useful 
life earned the reputation of a straightforward 
and honorable man. He was a member of the 
church of Christ and supported the principles 
of the republican party, although descended 
from a family noted for its adherence to the 
democratic faith. He departed this life on 
the home farm and was laid to rest at the old 
cemetery in Monroe township. 

Valentine G. Carmichael was born July 
29, 1845, in the township of Monroe, and 
passed his youthful years on a farm, attending 



in the meantime the country schools, in which 
he pursued his studies until his eighteenth 
year. He attended two terms in Muncie high 
school, and in the fall of 1866 entered Wabash 
college at Crawfordsville, in which institution 
he took a three years' course, making substan- 
tial progress. On leaving college he returned 
to Delaware county, and for a number of years 
thereafter was acti\ely engaged in educational 
work, having taught in all seventeen terms, 
thirteen of which were in District No. i, in 
Monroe township. As a teacher, Mr. Car- 
niichael was careful and painstaking, and he 
brought to his work a mind well disciplined by 
long and careful study, which earned for him 
the reputation of being one of the ablest 
instructors of Delaware county. His success 
in the field of education is sufSciently attested 
by the fact of his having been retained for so 
many successive years in one place. Mr. Car- 
michael united with the church of Christ in 
the year i S69, and shortly thereafter began 
his first public religious work as a teacher in 
the Sunday school, and he was also frequently 
called upon to address other religious assem- 
blages. For a period of eighteen years he 
taught the infant class, and in 1S74 entered 
upon the active duties of the ministry, preach- 
ing at different points throughout the country, 
principally for congregations unable to support 
a regular pastor. For this work he received 
no pecuniary remuneration worthy of mention, 
supporting himself in the meantime by teach- 
ing and from the proceeds of his farm. On 
August 14, 1869, Mr. Carmichael was united 
in marriage with Samantha B. Tidd, daughter 
of Moses and Sarah (Golden) Tidd, of Ohio, 
to which union two children have been born; 
Anna, wife of Sherman Whitney, and Lacy, 
wife of Frank W. Ross, both daughters resid- 
ing in Monroe township. 

Mr. Carmichael resided upon his farm until 
February, 1892, when he rented out the 

place and moved to Muncie, since which time 
he has devoted nearly all his time to the active 
work of the ministry, preaching at different 
points, his present charges being at Woodland, 
III., and Frankton, Ind. In his ministerial 
work he has been very successful, and through 
his instrumentality many have been induced 
to unite with the church and start upon a 
better life. He has always been an uncom- 
promising enemy of the liquor traffic and 
carries his ideas of intemperance beyond the 
mere indulgence of intoxicants, and his life has 
been singularly free from those habits, which 
destroy so many men. He never remembers 
of swearing a single oath, and five cents spent 
years ago for tobacco represent the sum total 
of his money invested in narcotics of any kind. 
Financially Mr. Carmichael has met with 
gratifying success, being in possession of a 
comfortable competence gained by his own 
efforts. His life has indeed been one of great 
activity and usefulness, and the future awaits 
him with bounteous rewards. 

'^j'OHN CASSELL. a well-to-do farmer 
M and popular citizen of Centre township, 
A 1 is a native of Virginia, born in the 
county of Wythe, on the 23d day of 
July, 1825. David Cassell, his father, was 
born in Pennsylvania and married, in Virginia, 
Catherine Keesling, of Wythe county, who 
bore him ten children, seven of whom are liv- 
ing at this time. David and Catherine Cassell 
spent their married life in Virginia, where 
their deaths occurred in 1866 and 1867 
respectively. They are remembered as most 
excellent people, popular in the commimity 
where they resided, and were for a number of 
years devoted members of the Lutheran 
church. John Cassell was reared to manhood 


in his native county and state, received his 
education in such schools as the country 
afforded, and on attaining his majority began 
life for himself as a farmer, which useful voca- 
tion he has since successfully followed. He 
resided in Virginia until 1871, at which time 
he moved to Indiana, locating in Monroe 
township, Delaware county, where for a peri- 
od of two years he farmed land for a part of 
the proceeds. In 1873 he purchased eighty 
acres of land where he now resides, in addi- 
tion to which he also owns seventy-eight acres 
of land in the township of Hamilton. Mr. 
Cassell was married in Wythe county, Va. , 
June 10, 1858, to Mary F. Umbarger, who 
was born in the same county and state on the 
1 2th day of October, 1838. The parents of 
Mrs. Cassell, Michael and Nancy (Cassell) 
Umbarger, were both natives of Virginia, and 
descendants of old German families that set- 
tled in the Dominion state at an early period 
of its history. To the marriage of John and 
Mary Cassell have been born four children: 
Martin L. , of Delaware county, Ind. ; Nancy 
C, wife of William N. Williams; Margaret, 
who lives with her parents, and Berton, 

Mr. Cassell participated in the late war as 
a private in company C, Fifty-first regiment 
Virginia infantry, enlisting in 1863 and serv- 
ing until August of the following year. He 
received a severe wound in the side at the bat- 
tle of Sniggersford, Va. , shortly after going to 
the front, and from July 1 8 until September 20 
was in the disabled list at Winchester, where 
his hurt was properly cared for. ;For some 
time after returning to his home, owing to the 
effects of his wound, Mr. Cassell worked at 
the shoemaker's trade, but when sufficiently 
recovered he resumed the pursuit of agricul- 
ture, to which he has since devoted his atten- 
tion. He is a representative citizen, a suc- 
cessful farmer, and one of the substantial men 

of the neighborhood where he resides. In his 
political affiliation he is a republican, and in 
religion he and wife are communicants of the 
Lutheran church. 

HBRAM W. CHAPMAN.— Prominent 
among the well known and success- 
ful business men of Muncie and Dela- 
ware county is Abram W. Chapman, 
who was born in Brooke county, W. Va. , on 
6th day of April, 1837. His father, Thomas 
W. Chapman, also a native of the same coun- 
ty and state, was born June 21, 181 5, the son 
of William and Eli/abeth Chapman. Until 
the age of twenty-two, Thomas W. Chapman 
remained with his parents upon the farm, and 
then married and later removed to a place of 
his own in the same county, where he followed 
the pursuit of agriculture for the period of 
three years. At the end of that time he re- 
moved to Stark county, Ohio, where he be- 
came a very extensive farmer and stock raiser 
among the most celebrated in the state, and 
after remaining there until 1889 removed to 
Indiana, locating in Muncie, where he at present 
resides. Thomas W. Chapman was for many 
years prominently identified with the political 
history of Ohio, and at one time represented 
the counties of Stark and Carroll in the general 
assembly. He met with most gratifying suc- 
cess as a stock raiser, and by careful foresight 
and successful management accumulated a 
handsome fortune, the greater part of which 
he has since shared with different members of 
his family. When twenty-two years of age he 
married Rebecca Warner, daughter of John 
and Rebecca (Howenstein) Warner of Penn- 
sylvania, and raised a family of six children, 
whose names are as follows: Abram W. , 
William M., Clara A., Maria, Elizabeth E. 




and Alice, all living- with the exception of 
AVilliam M. The mother of these children 
died 1 89 1, and her remains were laid to rest 
in the Home cemetery, Stark county, Ohio. 
Abram W. Chapman grew to manhood in 
Stark county, Ohio, early became inured to 
the rugged usages of life on the farm, and at 
the age of fifteen entered Heidelberg college at 
Tiffin, where he pursued his studies until his 
eighteenth year, making substantial progress 
in the higher branches of learning in the mean- 
time. On the completion of his education he 
returned home and assisted his father on the 
farm until his marriage, at the age of twenty- 
five, to Susannah Walter, daughter of Capt. 
John and Elizabeth Walter of Tuscarawas 
county, Ohio, when he acquired a farm of his 
own and pursued agriculture and stock raising 
in his native state until July, 1885. At that 
date he disposed of his farm and purchased a 
tract of improved land adjoining the city of 
Muncie, Ind. , coming into possession of the 
same a short time prior to the discovery of 
natural gas in October, 18S6. The discovery 
of gas at once caused all real estate in the 
vicinity of Muncie to increase very rapidly in 
value, and in the spring of 1887 Mr. Chapman 
sold his farm at a greatly advanced price, re- 
alizing from the sale a very valuable consider- 
ation. W^ith wise forethought he at once 
engaged in real estate transactions and loan 
business, effecting a co-partnership therein 
with J. W. Ream, and the firm thus consti- 
tuted was soon conducting a very extensive 
business in both of these lines. 

Mr. Chapman soon afterward organized the 
well known Muncie Savings & Loan compa- 
pany, with a capital of $1,000,000, of which 
he has since been the executive head, and 
which, under his prudent management, has 
proved one of the most successful financial 
enterprises ever established in the city. The 
almost unprecedent success of this company- 

induced Mr. Chapman and other progressive 
business men to organize a new association, 
which was effected in 1892, and which, like 
the former, is now on the high road to pros- 
perity. In his real estate transactions Mr. 
Chapman has been signally fortunate, and in 
this line he easily leads the business in Muncie 
and Delaware county. As a business man he 
has few equals in the cit\-, and in his trans- 
actions of various kinds he has been governed 
by principles of the highest honor. Politically, 
he wields a potent influence for the democratic 
party. For a period of five years he has held 
the office of city commissioner, and in March, 
1893, was appointed, by the governor, a com- 
missioner of the metropolitan police system of 
Muncie, being at this time chairman of the 
board. His first wife, by whom he had no 
children, died in January, 1886, and subse- 
quently, November, 1888, he was united in 
marriage with Miss Emma Ankeney of Greene 
county, Ohio, who bore him three children, 
all of whom died in infancy. Mr. Chapman 
is a Presbyterian in his religious belief, and an 
earnest worker for and liberal contributcr to 
the congregation in Muncie. 

aHARLES H. CHURCH, a prominent 
business man of Muncie and one of 
the city's popular and highly esteemed 
citizens, is a native of New York, 
born on the 7th day of May, 1839, in the 
county of Chenango. His father, William 
Church, also a native of the same county, was 
born in the year 1806 at Church Hollow, a 
small hamlet named in compliment to the 
family, and was a descendant of one of the 
early pioneers of that section of the Empire 
state. For a number of years William Church 
was engaged in the mercantile business in 



Chenango county, and later carried on the 
same Hne of trade in the county of Orange, 
where his death occurred in 1890 at the ad- 
vanced age of eighty-four years. He was a 
man of more than ordinary mental endow- 
ments, took an active interest in all public 
matters, and at one time represented his 
county in the general assembly of New York, 
in which body he served two sessions. Politi- 
cally he was an ardent supporter of the old 
whig party, and religiously was for many years 
a leading member of the Presbyterian church 
in the community where he resided. His first 
wife, the mother of Charles H. Church, bore 
him five children, three sons and two daugh- 
ters, only two of whom are living at this time, 
one in Muncie and one at Susquehanna, Pa. 
Charles H. Church, when but three years 
of age, suffered the loss of that dearest of all 
earthly friends — mother — and his youthful 
years were passed in his native village, in the 
schools of which he received the rudiments of 
an English education. Subsequently he pur- 
sued the higher branches of learning in a local 
academy of Chenango county, and obtained 
his first insight into the active business of life 
as a clerk in his father's store, in which capac- 
ity he continued until embarking in mercan- 
tile trade for himself, at the age of twenty-one, 
at Coventry, a small country town. He con- 
tinued at this point for two years, doing a 
very encouraging business in the meantime, 
and then abandoned merchandising, and for 
five years thereafter dealt extensively in live 
stock and wool in Chenango and adjoining 
counties, frequently extending his business 
operations throughout various parts of the 
Western Reserve, Ohio. At the of twenty- 
six, Mr. Church was united in marriage with 
Miss Lou Tyler, daughter of Henry P. and 
Ann Tyler, natives of Vermont, but at that 
time residents of the Buckeye state. Imme- 
diately after his marriage, Mr. Church en- 

the mercantile and grain trade at 
New London, Ohio, in both of which lines his 
success was very marked, and he also estab- 
lished the First National bank in that city, of 
which he was vice president and manager for 
a period of about fourteen years. Disposing 
of his various business interests in New Lon- 
don, Mr. Church, in the spring of 1886, came 
to Muncie, Ind. , and assisted in organizing 
the Delaware County bank, of which he was 
cashier, which was succeeded by the Dela- 
ware County National bank, of which he also 
became cashier. He was the prime mover in 
the organization of the Hathaway Investment 
company, of which he has since been a di- 
rector; is secretary of the Muncie Street Rail- 
way company, and for several years has been 
treasurer of the Muncie Savings & Loan asso- 
ciation, in the establishment of which he bore 
a prominent part In all his business transac- 
tions Mr. Church has shown himself to be a 
man of uncommon sagacity and discreetness 
of judgment, of scrupulous integrity and gen- 
tlemanly demeanor. In all public enterprises, 
having for their object the general good of his 
adopted city, his name and individual efforts 
have always been foremost, and in all the at- 
tributes of honorable manhood, honesty of pur- 
pose and uprightness of character, he stands 
prominent, enjoying in full measure the friend- 
ship and good will of all with whom he has been 
associated. Financially his success has been 
commensurate with the activity displayed 
throughout a long and varied business career, 
and he is certainly entitled to a conspicuous 
place among the representative self-made men 
of the county of Delaware. Mr. Church cast 
his first presidential vote for Abraham Lin- 
coln, since which he has been a supporter of 
the republican party, but is not a partisan in 
the sense of seeking official preferment. He 
is the father of two children: William H. 
and Earnest, both living in Muncie. 


Q ARC US S. CLAYPOOL, proprietor 
of Alameda Place, the famous stock 
farm, of Muncie, was born near 
Connersville, Fayette county, Ind., 
August I, 1 85 1, and is the son of Austin B. 
and Hannah A. (Petty) Claypool, of Indiana. 
Marcus S. lived in Wayne county, on a farm, 
until ten years of age, when the family re- 
turned to Connersville, Fayette county, at 
which place he received his preparatory edu- 
cation ; then he attended school at Dublin, 
Wayne county, and eventually graduated from 
Asbury (now DePauw) university, in 1872. In 
July of the same year he came to Muncie, and 
for seven years was assistant cashier of the 
Bank of Muncie. In 1879 he was sept to 
Colorado as agent for the Victor and Yandes 
consolidated silver mining companies, and 
also there became the treasurer and secretary 
of the consolidated Columbia Tunnel & Mining 
company, which he organized, and remained 
in the country until 1884, when he returned to 
Muncie, and has here since devoted his atten- 
tion to the breeding of trotting horses, Jersey 
cattle and Shropshire sheep. Like his father, 
he had always been a lover or trotting horses, 
and as far back as 1875 he had secured some 
well bred mares and had patronized such fa- 
mous stallions as Blue Bull (75) and Hamble- 
tonian Tranby — the best bred in Indiana at 
the time — securing some superior road horses, 
that, however, were not trained for speed. 
John E. Burson, brother-in-law of Mr. Clay- 
pool, had established the stock farm at 
Alameda Place, now in the Riverside addition, 
and on his removal to St. Louis, Mo., Mr. 
Claypool bought from him three stallions and 
six mares — the stallions being Happy Traveler, 
2:27 1-2, son of Hambletonian Prince, dam 
Lady Larkin by Little Jack; Gift, Jr., still in 
stud, and Stansifer's Woful ; the si.x mares 
were by such sires as Hailstorm, Bonny Scot- 
land, etc. Mr. Claypool has now at Alameda 

Place three high-bred stallions, sired by the 
best producing sons of such animals as George 
Wilkes, Electioneer and Harold, further en- 
riched by the best producing dams from other 
renowned sires of trotting families. They are 
Agricola, son of Gambetta Wilkes : first dam 
by Princeps ; second dam by Volunteer ; third 
dam. Flora Belle (2:22 3-4). Messala, son of 
Norval (2:14 1-4): first dam by Onward (2:25 
1-4), second dam, Blanche Armour (2:26), 
third dam by Pilot, Jr., Russellami, by Lord 
Russell : dam. Lamia by Onward. Following 
these are the great stock horses Silvertone, by 
Happy Traveler, dam Little Dolly (dam of 
Gift, Jr., 2:27 1-2); Wilkes Pilot, son of 
Hambletonian Wilkes ; dam by Mambrino 
Chief, Jr., making him brother in blood to 
Phebe Wilkes (2:11); Gift, Jr. (2:271-2), 
sire of Sable Gift (2:24 1-4), also of Monk, 
(2:30) and others, and his son Edgewood, out 
of a daughter of Hambletonian Tranby. The 
entire collection of richly bred dams, colts and 
fillies number thirty-two head. The registered 
Jersey herd number nine, including the blood 
of Tormentor, Landseer's Fancy, and Signal. 
The Shropshire flock contains eighteen head, 
registered from the best imported strains. 
The farms include forty-eight acres at Alameda 
Place, 400 acres east of Muncie adjoining 
the city limits, and other extensive tracts in 
Centre township. 

Mr. Claypool has been secretary of the 
Delaware county board of agriculture for sev- 
eral years, and a member of the state board ; 
also a member of the Indiana Trotting and 
Pacing Horse Breeders' association, and secre- 
tary of the Eastern Indiana Jersey Cattle 
Breeders' association, and is thoroughly posted 
in everything that pertains to live stock in all 
its characteristics. 

The marriage of Mr. Claypool took place 
at Muncie, Ind., Jan. 14. 1880, to Miss Eliza- 
beth Burson, daughter of the late John W. 


Burson, banker of Muncie, whose sketch will 
be found in another part of this volume. 


'ILLIAM H. M. COOPER, one of 

the prominent members of the Del- 
aware county bar, and a man who 
has achieved an extensive acquaint- 
ance through the medium of his abstract office, 
was born in Bartholomew county, Ind., Octo- 
ber 13, 1840, son of Henry and Lucy (Wil- 
liams) Cooper, natives respectively of the 
counties of Decatur, Ind., and Clarke, Ohio. 
Mr. Cooper is the eldest of a family of seven 
children born to the above parents. He 
received his primary education in the common 
schools, subsequently took a course in Marion 
academy, and after completing his literary 
studies in the academy at Greencastle, began 
teaching, which profession he followed very 
successfully for several months. In 1859 he 
located in Perry township, Delaware county, 
and on the 2nd day of July, 1861, entered the 
army, enlisting in company K, Nineteeth Indiana 
volunteer infantry, with which he shared the 
vicissitudes and honors of war until August 28, 
1863, when he was honorably discharged from 
the service, on account of wounds received at 
the second battle of Bull Run. In r865 Mr. 
Cooper was elected recorder of Delaware coun- 
ty and served in that position for a period of 
five years, after which he took a course of law 
in the university of Michigan at Ann Arbor, 
having previously taken a commercial course 
at the Bryant & Stratton business colleges at 
Indianapolis and Cincinnati. He was admit- 
ted to the Delaware county bar in the year 
1 87 1, and has since practiced his profession at 
Muncie, where his well known legal abilities 
have won for him a large and lucrative busi- 

For many years Mr. Cooper has been en- 

gaged in the abstract business, in which he has 
become very proficient, being considered 
authority upon all matters pertaining to real 
estate in Muncie and Delaware county. Mr. 
Cooper is prominently identified with a num- 
ber of fraternal organizations, including Wil- 
liams post, G. A. R. ; the I. O. O. F. , encamp- 
ment and canton; Indianapolis lodge, B. P. 
O. E. ; Improved Order of Red Men; the 
Independent Order of Foresters; the Indiana 
Society Sons of the Revolutfon, in all of which 
organizations he is an active and valued mem- 
ber. In politics he is a stanch republican, 
and, as such, his counsels have been of valua- 
ble service and have contributed much to his 
party's success in a number of local and gen- 
eral campaigns. Mr. Cooper was married, in 
1868, to Miss Susannah N. Ellis, daughter of 
John H. Ellis, of Muncie, the fruit of which 
union is one child, Carrie T. , wife of A. G. 
Adamson. Mr. Cooper and family are attend- 
ants of the Presbyterian church of Muncie, and 
they move in the best social circles of the city. 
Throughout the entire county of Delaware, 
Mr. Cooper has the reputation of an honora- 
ble man and painstaking attorney, and when 
he assumes charge of a case his clients well 
know that all that can honestly be done in 
their favor will be performed. He has a com- 
prehensive knowledge of legal principles, 
exhibits great skill in the management of his 
cases, is faithful to clients and friends in all 
his business transactions, and in all relations 
of life is a true type of the honorable profes- 
sional man and christian gentleman. 

I I Prominent among the successful 
/^^_^ members of the medical profession of 
Muncie, Delaware county, Ind., oc- 
curs the name of Dr. Daniel W. Cottrell, who 


was born in the town of Scott, Cortland 
county, N. Y., January 4. 183S. His parents 
were Peleg S. and Mar}- Jane (Small) Cottrell, 
the former of whom was a native of western 
Rhode Island, a lineal descendant of William 
Cottrell, who settled there in 1669; while the 
mother was a native of Gilmanton, N. H., 
and taught for five years in the Lancaster 
school of Albany, N. Y. In 1S51 the family 
removed to Fayette county, A\'. Va., where 
they remained for ten years, removing to Indi- 
ana in 1 861. Upon arrival in the last named 
state they settled in Daleville, Delaware county, 
where the mother died one year later. The 
father survived for ten years, dying in 1872. 
Both parents were members of the Seventh 
Day Baptist denomination and were most ex- 
cellent people. Dr. Cottrell is the eldest of 
the four sons and two daughters that composed 
his father's family. He received his literary 
education at the Homer academy, N. Y. , and 
by private instruction in West Virginia. In 
order to read medicine, in 1856 he went to 
Allegany county, N. Y., and studied under 
Dr. Brayton Babcock. Finishing his course, 
Dr. Cottrell practiced medicine from 1859 to 
1 86 1 in West Virginia, but at the latter date 
came with the family to Daleville, Delaware 
county, Ind., following his profession there 
until 1 88 1, when he located in Muncie, where 
he has since remained, engaged in his life call- 
ing. In addition to his studies under Dr. 
Babcock, Dr. Cottrell attended lectures in the 
medical department of the university of New 
York during the winter of 1858-9, at which 
time he began the practice of his profession. 
In August, 1863, Dr. Cottrell enlisted in the 
Third Indiana battery, and served until the 
close of the war. 

The marriage of the doctor occurred 
December 8, 1859, with Miss Emily Jane 
McVey, of West \'irginia. Their married life 
was a short one, as she died April 5, 1863, 

leaving one cln-ld, nelphilia Loui.^e, wife of 
Motley H. Flint, United Slates post olfice in- 
spector for the Pacific coast, residing in Los 
Angeles, Cal. In 1867 Dr Cottrell married 
again, his second wife being Miss Catherine 
Drennen, of Delaware county, Ind., b\- whom 
he has had two children — John Francis and 
Charles Orrin. Dr. Cottrell is a member of 
the County Medical society and the Delaware 
District Medical societ)-. Politically he is a 
republican and supports the nominees of his 
party whenever occasion demands. Dr. 
Cottrell is an earnest and painstaking physi- 
cian and fully merits the trust reposed in him 
by the people of Muncie. During a twelve 
years' residence in the city lie has built up a 
fine practice, which is steadily increasing. 

ing, father of the gentleman whose 
name introduces this sketch, was 
born in the city of Carlisle, England, 
September 12th, 1800. He received a fair 
education in Dumfries, Scotland, came to 
America in 18 19, landing in Alexandria, Va. , 
where he worked at his trade as a tailor. 
Later he visited relatives in Washington, D. 
C. , and after remaining there a short time 
went with Nathaniel Horner, who afterwards 
became his brother-in-law, to Weston, W. 
Va., where he married Miss Rachel Hor- 
ner and located. In 1830 he removed to Fair- 
field, Greene county, Ohio, where he pursued 
his trade and acquired some property. In 
1840 he removed to Andersonville, Franklin 
county, Ind., at which place he served as post 
master for a period of twelve years. In 1853 
he removed to the county of Delaware and 
bought a farm near Muncie, where he resided 
until i860, at which time he removed to De- 
catur county. Six years later he retunred to 


Delaware county, where he made his home un- 
til the death of his wife, after which, until his 
own death on 6th of May, 1878, he lived with 
his children. His wife, Rachel Horner, was 
born in Hardy county, May 10, 1803, married 
in 1820 and died January 18, 1873, a consist- 
ent member of the Methodist church. Mrs. 
Cowing's great-grandfather, Richard Horner, 
was a native of Scotland and came to America 
with Lord Baltimore. For services rendered 
the colony he obtained a patent for 10,000 
acres of land lying between Annapolis and 
Baltimore. After his death his son, also 
named Richard, became sole heir, who, dying, 
left his estate to Benj. Horner, the grand- 
father of the subject of this mention. Benj. 
Horner was for three years a sailor and after- 
ward served as soldier in the army of Gen. 
St. Clair, from which he was honorably dis- 
charged September 14, 1800. To the union 
of Joseph and Rachel (Horner) Cowing were 
born nine children, three girls and six boys, 
two of the former dying in early childhood. 
Granville Cowing was born March i, 1824, 
near the town of Weston, Lewis county, Va. 
He learned to read, before six years old, by 
attending school taught by an old lady in her 
own house near his home. In 1830 he accom- 
panied his parents to Fairfield, Ohio, where 
he remained for nine years, in the meantime 
attending school in the winter and working on 
farms during the summer seasons. In August, 
1839, he went to Rushville, Ind., to live with 
his brother-in-law, in whose establishment he 
learned the trade of a tailor. Soon finding 
this business distasteful, he abandoned it to 
become a printer in the office of the Rushville 
Whig, a newspaper started in 1840 by P. A. 
Hackleman, to aid the election of Gen. Harri- 
son to the presidency. After serving an ap- 
prenticeship of three years, he continued in 
the office until the year of 1 845, at which time, 
in partnership with N. W. Cox, a life-long 

friend, he purchased the paper and published 
it for about three years, when, on account of 
ill health, Mr. Cox retired from the business, 
disposing of his interest to another party. In 
the fall of 1 849 Mr. Cowing also sold his inter- 
est in the paper and went to Washington, D. 
C, traveling over the Alleghanies by stage 
coach to Cumberland, Md. , where, for the first 
time in his life, he saw a railroad, on which 
he traveled until reaching his destination. 

He spent his first year at the capital in the 
office of the National Era, the great anti- 
slavery organ, which was then introducing 
tJncle Tom's Cabin to the public in its weekly 
issue. The paper was edited by Dr. Gamaliel 
Bailey and John G. Whittier, the poet, was 
printed by Buell & Blanchard, and its office 
was much frequented by the great anti- 
slavery leaders, Seward, Chase, Hale, Gid- 
dings, and others. Clay, Calhoun and Web- 
ster were engaged at the time in public affairs, 
and were familiar figures in the national capi- 
tal. In the fall of 1850 Mr. Cowing was ap- 
pointed to a place in the second auditor's 
office of the treasury department by Thomas 
Corwin, where, for six years, he settled all 
accounts of officers of the army for all com- 
pany arms and warlike stores required in 
active service. These duties often brought 
him in contact with many men who afterward 
became great leaders in the late civil war. 

His health suddenly failed in the beginning 
of 1857, and, obtaining leave of absence for 
three months, he returned to Indiana in the 
hope that the change might benefit him, but 
it did not; consequently he resigned his posi- 
tion. Before leaving Washington city, D. C , 
J. T. Ouisenberry, a friend with whom he had 
been associated in office for six years, fell heir 
to 2, 100 acres of land near San Antonio, Tex- 
as, and offered to give him 100 acres of it if 
he would go there with him, settle upon it and 
become his neighbor. This generous offer was 



declined with thanks, mainly beiause Mr. 
Cowing believed that ci\il war couKl not long 
be averted and he had no desire to be a citi- 
zen of a southern state when hostilities began. 
Since his return to Indiana in 1857, Mr. Cow- 
ing has resided on the same farm near Mun- 
cie — a period of thirt\-five years — cultivating 
farm crops and small fruits, and during that 
time he has been a constant contributor to 
horticultural magazines and newspapers. The 
strawberrj' has been his favorite fruit, and he 
was the first, and, for many years, the only 
person in Delaware county, who cultivated it 
largely for market. 

On September 2, 1S51, Mr. Cowing was 
united in marriage to Miss Ann Fitzgerald, of 
Washington, who died February 16, 1853, 
leaving one child, Frances Alice, whose death 
occurred on the i6th day of December, 1854. 
On the 1 8th of February, 1855, Mr. Cowing 
married Mrs. Lucy O'Farrell, to which union 
have been born three sons and one daughter: 
Lewis G. , George Edward, Hugh A. and Flor- 
ence. Lewis is one of the leading fruit grow- 
ers of Delaware county and an enthusiastic 
horticulturist; George Edward died at the age 
of six years, and Hugh is one of the promi- 
nent physicians of Muncie. 

The following is a brief sketch of the re- 
maining children of Joseph and Rachel 
Cowing. John G. Cowing was born Septem- 
ber 25, 1825, became a painter, married and 
settled at Andersonville, Franklin county, 
where he still resides. He enlisted at the be- 
ginning of the civil war and was made a con- 
firmed invalid at the siege of Forts Henry and 
Donelson by reason of exposure to snow and 
ice while in the trenches. Cultivating fruits 
is his favorite employment. Joseph L. Cow- 
ing was born in Virginia in 1826, became- a 
tailor, located in New Salem, Rush county, 
Ind., where he served as post master for many 
years and also several terms as township trus- 


SSo. Alvin 
acijuircd a 

tee. He dic<l in tlu- au 
M. Cowing was born in N'irgini; 
limited education in the ordinary schools, and, 
when old enough, K'arned tlie tailor's trade, 
in which he became quite proficient. He 
married Miss Judith Kemper of Clarksburg, 
Ind., and, soon afterward, with Mr. Jefferson 
Kemper, purchased the Rushville Republican, 
which he published for several years. Subse- 
quently he disposed of his interest in the paper 
and removed to Montezuma, Iowa, where he 
founded another newspaper. He was elected 
clerk of the Iowa legislature, and afterwards 
became one of its members, and in i860 
bought his father's farm near Muncie, Ind., to 
which he at once removed. August i, 1862, 
he enlisted in the Sixty-ninth regiment Indiana 
volunteers, was made lieutenant in company 
B, and received his death wound at Richmond, 
Ky., on the 30th of the same month, while 
endeavoring to rally his men toward the close 
of the battle. William J. Cowing was born 
in Ohio and entered the printing office of his 
brother Granville in 1848. He owned and 
edited the Rushville Republican for several 
years, and in 1861 received an appointment in 
the treasury department of Washington city. 
He remained in the national capital until the 
breaking out of the war, when he resigned 
his place and established a daily paper 
in Alexandria city, Va., which he published 
until the war ended. He was secretary of 
state under the restored government of \'ir- 
ginia, and afterwards received a place in the 
department of agriculture, which he retained 
until his death, in October, 1893. George 
W. Cowing was born in Ohio— became a 
printer, and was long employed in the govern- 
ment printing office in Washington city. 
During the war he was coimected with the 
quartermaster's department. He died Janu- 
ary 16, 1873, and his body was laid to rest 
in Beech Grove cemetery at Muncie, Ind. 



OSCAR W. CRABBS.— Conspicuous 
among the representative and suc- 
cessful business men of the city of 
Muncie is Oscar W. Crabbs, who 
was born in Montgomery county, Ohio, 
March 12, 1852. His parents, Benj. F. 
and Louise (Folcarth) Crabbs, are natives 
of the same county and state, where they now 
reside. Oscar W. Crabbs early manifested 
great aptitude for business, and at the age of 
seventeen embarked upon his commerical 
career by dealing in coal, wood, hay, grain, 
etc. , in which lines his success was fully com- 
mensurate with his expectations. In 1885 he 
located in Muncie, Ind., and engaged in buy- 
ing, pressing and shipping hay, from which 
has been developed his present business — one 
of the most successful of the kind in the city. 
He deals extensively in wheat, corn, clover, 
seeds, etc., and from long practice and wide 
experience has so learned to manage his busi- 
ness that prosperity has attended his efforts. 
Mr. Crabbs is a member of the Co-operative 
Gas company of Muncie, and is now looking 
after the city's interest as a member of the 
common council from the First ward, in which 
body he is chairman of the important commit- 
tees on water works, cemetery and judiciary. 
Politically he is a republican and stoutly sup- 
ports the party with which he is identified, 
believing that its principles inure to the best 
interests of the country. Mr. Crabbs was 
married in 1872 to Miss Mary E. Hosier, 
daughter of Robert Hosier of Montgomery 
county, Ohio, to which union have been born 
three children, namely: Claudia Burdelia, 
Frank Dodds and Robert Benj. Mr. Crabbs 
holds to the creed of the Methodist church, 
and with his family belongs to the Muncie 
congregation, in which he holds the position 
of trustee. He was one of the members of the 
building committee, and to him is largely due 
the credit of pushing forward to completion 

the present magnificent church edifice 
which the congregation worships. 

OZRO N. CRANOR, a leading mem- 
ber of the Delaware county bar and 
state senator for the counties of Del- 
aware and Randolph, was born in 
Wayne county, Ind., September 4, 1855, and 
is a son of John and Elizabeth (Study) Cranor, 
both families pioneer settlers of Wayne coun- 
ty. John Cranor, however, was born in 
Ohio, July 6, 1828, but has passed his whole 
life, so to speak, in Wayne county, having 
been brought here by his parents in the fall of 
the year of his birth. He now has his resi- 
dence in Dublin, that county, and has been a 
minister in the United Brethren church for 
thirty-three years. Mrs. Elizabeth (Study) 
Cranor, also a native of Wayne county, Ind., 
was born April 7, 1830. The maternal grand- 
mother of Ozro N. Cranor bore the maiden 
name of Lomax, and her family settled in 
what is now Wayne county, Ind., as early as 

Ozro N. Cranor is the second eldest in a 
family of five children. His preliminary edu- 
cation was obtained at the common schools of 
his native county, and this was supplemented 
by attendance at the Hartsville and Otterbein 
universities. In the spring of 1876 he went 
to Vermillion county, and for six years taught 
school, and while there, on the 4th day of 
September, 1878, was married to Miss Mattie 
J. Arrasmith, but insatiate Death stepped in 
ere little more than a year had passed, and 
claimed the bride as his own. Her death 
occurred September 28, 1879, but she left her 
husband a pledge of her love — Bertha — born 
June 23, 1879. In 1882, Mr. Cranor came to 
Delaware county, and November 23, 1883, 
chose for his second wife Miss Victoria L. , 

0. N. CRANOR. 



w -»<^ 

//^. Of: A 

^A-c^-TX-c^^ ly 



daughter of Capt. John and Ehza B. Koss, and 
to this happy union have been born two chil- 
dren — John R., born August 27, 1884, and 
Gifford B. , born May 21, 1893. Mr. Cranor 
having duly prepared himself, began the prac- 
tice of law in Muncie in 1889, and in this pro- 
fession he soon forged his way to the front. 
In politics he is a republican through and 
through, is a worker for his party, and is as 
popular in its ranks as he is before 
the general public. In 1888 he was elected 
to represent his fellow citizens of Del- 
aware county in the lower house of the 
state legislature, and so well did he take 
care of their interests during the term, that he 
was sent back to the state capital in 1892, as 
joint senator from the counties of Delaware 
and Randolph, of which office he is still the 
incumbent. Mr. Cranor is a member of Mun- 
cie lodge. No. 74, I. O. O. F. , and of Muncie 
Encampment, No. 30, and he and wife are 
consistent and faithful members of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church. As a professional 
man his success has been most gratifying, and 
as a member of society his gentlemanly de- 
portment has won him hosts of friends. 

@EORGE W. CROMER, one of the 
enterprising and successful members 
of the Delaware county bar, and a 
prominent politician of this part of 
the state of Indiana, was born in Columbus, 
Madison county, Ind. , May 13, 1857, a son of 
Joshua and Mary (Shultz) Cromer, natives of 
Maryland, and Wayne county, Ind., respect- 
ively. These parents moved to Salem town- 
ship, Delaware county, in 1857, where they 
purchased a farm and where they now reside. 
George W. Cromer in early life attended the 
public schools in Salem township and supple- 
mented his elementary education by a full 

course in the State university, at Bloomington, 
from which he graduated in 1882. Thus 
thoroughly equipped, he was ready to choose 
a profession, and, deciding upon the law, 
entered the office of Ellis & Walterhouse in 
1883, and so great was his application and 
natural ability that one year later he was ad- 
mitted to the Delaware county bar. Since 
that time he has been kept busy practicing in 
the district, county and state courts, and has 
succeeded in building up a large and lucrative 
legal business, being one of the most success- 
ful lawyers of the city of Muncie, which has 
long been known for its men of high legal at- 

Politically, Mr. Cromer is a republican, and 
has always been an active and energetic 
worker for his party. In 1892 he was chair- 
man of the county central committee and a 
member of the state republican committee for 
the Sixth congressional district. He was 
elected prosecuting attorney for the Forty- 
sixth judicial district in 1886, was re-elected 
in 1888, and discharged the duties of that po- 
sition in a manner highly creditable to himself 
and eminently satisfactory alike to his friends 
and to those opposed to him politically. 
Fraternally he is a member of the B. P. O. 
E., the I. O. R. M. and the I. O. O. F. He 
is also a member of the Evangelical Lutheran 
church. He is considered one of the rising 
men of the city, and his career is watched 
with much interest by his friends, who predict 
for him a future of great promise. 

>nr'AMES N. CROPPER was born in Ran- 
m dolph, county Ind., February 7, 1838, 
A 1 son of Bela W. and Elizabeth Cropper. 
Bela W. Cropper was a native of 
Woodford, county Ky., where he grew to man- 
hood on a farm, and later followed boating on 



the Ohio river, in which business he continued 
with a reasonable degree of success for some 
years. He married, in his native state, Ehza- 
beth Ashby, who was born in Henry county, 
Ky. , and after a brief residence in Ohio and a 
return to Kentucky, moved to Indiana about 
1833, setthng in Randolph county, eight miles 
southwest of Winchester, where he engaged 
in agricultural pursuits. Bela W. and Eliza- 
beth Cropper represented a parentage of four- 
teen children, five of whom are living at this 
time, the youngest of the family being James 
N. He was for many years an active mem- 
ber of the Regular Baptist church, being a 
deacon, and also serving as clerk of the asso- 
ciation. He was for many years a justice in 
the township of West River, and achieved 
considerable reputation in his community as a 
local politician, first as a whig and later as a 
republican. He was one of the pioneers of 
Randolph county, being among those who en- 
tered the county at a time when but little 
effort had been made to disturb the original 
possessors of the soil — the savage red man and 
.the wild beast of the forest. He possessed 
many noble traits of mind and heart, which 
have been reproduced in his descendants, and 
died at his home in West River township, 
Randolph county, at a ripe old age deeply la- 
mented by all who knew him His widow sur- 
vived him a short time, and now rests by his 
side in the cemetery at Huntsville near his old 

James N. Cropper was reared to agricul- 
tural pursuits on the homestead in Randolph 
county, and early became familiar with all the 
details of farm life. His primary education 
was acquired in the country schools, the train- 
ing thus received being afterwards supplement- 
ed by a course in what was known as the 
Farmers' academy. Jay county, in which insti- 
tute he made such commendable progress that 
within a short time he was sufficiently ad- 

vanced in his studies to procure a license 
enabling him to teach in the public schools. 
He served as local correspondent for the coun- 
ty papers and contributed to them and other 
publications numerous articles on topics of 
public interest. He was engaged as teacher 
in the winter seasons until the breaking out of 
the war, at which time he deemed it his duty 
to assist in preserving the Union. According- 
ly, on the 19th of July, 1862, he enlisted as 
private, and was mustered into the service at 
Indianapolis, as a sergeant, August 19, same 
year, in which capacity he continued until his 
promotion to the lieutenancy a few months 
later. He discharged the duties of the latter 
position in a creditable manner until 1864, 
in July of which year, owing to the consolidat- 
ing of his regiment into a battalion, and death 
at home, and with the consent of his com- 
manding officer, he resigned his commission, 
returned home and engaged in farm work and 
teaching. On the i6th day of November, 
1865, Mr. Cropper and Sallie A. Mills, daugh- 
ter of Rufus K. and Elizabeth J. (McPherson) 
Mills, were united in the bonds of wedlock, 
remaining for one year thereafter on a farm in 
Randolph county. In 1866 Mr. Cropper 
embarked in the general mercantile trade at 
the town of Huntsville, where he remained for 
about four and one-half years, at the end of 
which time he disposed of his stock, the busi- 
ness not proving remunerative, and located in 
Muncie, where, for some months, he was var- 
iously employed, working for a livelihood at 
whatever he could find to do. This was a 
trying period in his life, but he encountered 
and successfully overcame obstacles which 
would have discouraged many a man of less 
determination and will power. Among the 
different occupations in which he was engaged 
after coming to this city were wood sawing, 
gathering corn for neighboring farmers, market 
gardening, and various other kinds of labor. 


and teaching school in the country in winter. 
He was appointed and accepted the position of 
deputy township appraiser and assessor, and 
served five terms. He also served as deputy 
sheriff cf Delaware county under Andrew J. 
Slinger, the duties of which position he dis- 
charged in an eminently satisfactory manner 
for a period of two years. He then clerked 
with different mercantile firms of the city until 
1883, when he effected a co-partnership in the 
grocery trade with Jonathan P. Adamson, 
which relationship was severed two years later, 
Mr. Cropper purchasing the entire stock and 
continuing the business very successfully until 
June, 1892. He disposed of his stock in that 
year and retired from mercantile pursuits, 
since which date he has given his attention 
almost exclusively to his real estate interests 
in Muncie, being one of the principal movers 
in the Riverside addition, where his holdings 
are large and very valuable. 

Mr. Cropper is a commendable example of 
what may be accomplished by perseverance 
and prudent management, and he has shown 
himself to be a man of discreet judgment, 
scrupulous integrity and gentlemanly de- 
meanor. That he has been successful in his 
various business enterprises is sufficiently at- 
tested by his present conspicuous standing in 
Muncie, where only a few years ago he arrived 
without any capital worthy of mention, save a 
well formed determination to make the best of 
very discouraging surroundings and to over- 
come obstacles which to the majority of men 
would have appeared practically insurmount- 
able. He is not identified with any church, 
but affiliates with the Society of Friends, as 
also does his wife. He served as superintend- 
ent of the Mission Sunday school of this 
society for several years, commencing with its 
organization. Since attaining his legal ma- 
jority, he has exercised his elective franchise 
in behalf of the republican party, the princi- 

ples of which he believes to be for the best 
interest of the country. Mr. and Mrs. Cropper 
have one child, a daughter, Ina C., wife of 
F. B. Nickey, one of the leading business men 
of Muncie. 

@EORGE W. CROZIER, general man- 
ager of The Crozier Washing Machine 
company, is one of the progressive 
citizens who serve to build up and 
improve any community in which fortune has 
placed them. Mr. Crozier was born in Piqua, 
Ohio, July 21, 1847, a son of William. J. and 
Ann (Ross) Crozier, the former a native of 
Scotland, and an early settler of Piqua, 
and the latter a native of the same county. 
They now reside near Toledo, Ohio. 

George W. Crozier was educated in the 
public schools of Defiance, Ohio, after which 
he learned the machinist's trade, displaying a 
natural aptitude for mechanical work. In 
1873 he opened a foundry and machine shop 
at Napoleon, Henry, county, Ohio, which he 
conducted until 1879, when he removed to 
Columbia City, Ind., and changed his business, 
becoming the proprietor of the Central house. 
In 1883 he came to Muncie, and soon after 
this invented a patent buggy top, and engaged 
in manufacturing the same for four years, also 
manufacturing the Crozier gas regulator, of 
which he was also the inventor. 

In 1 890 Mr. Crozier was so fortunate as to 
patent something which filled a long felt want, 
this being the now celebrated Crozier washing 
machine, and he at once began the manafac- 
ture of them, in January, 1892, organizing the 
Crozier Washing Machine company, and be- 
coming general manager of the same. This 
company does the largest business in their line 
of any firm in the city. He is a stockholder 
in several co-operative gas companies, and is a 
member of the Citizens' Enterprise company. 



and is socially connected with the I. O O. F. 
and the I. O. R. M. Politically he is a demo- 
crat, and stanchly upholds the principles of 
his party. 

In 1872 Mr. Crozier was married to Miss 
Mary A. Rogers, daughter of Joseph Rogers, 
of Henry county, Ohio, but he was called 
upon to mourn her death in 1881. She left a 
family of five children, as follows: Gary, May, 
Elta, Leroy and Walter. In 1886, Mr. Cro- 
zier married Mrs. Jennie Ray, of Muncie, a 
lady of many fine qualities, and a member of 
the Baptist church. 


ALTER L. DAVIS, the well known 
journalist and business man of 
Muncie, is a native of Warren 
county. Pa. , born October 2 1 , 1850, 
in the town of Youngsville. His father, Wil- 
lard J. Davis, also a native of the same county 
and state, was born May 17, 1828, the son of 
Abraham and Ruth (Mead) Davis, whose an- 
cestors came to the United States from Wales 
a great many years ago. Willard J. Davis 
still lives upon the farm where he was born, a 
part of which is embraced within the corporate 
limits of Youngsville, and is perhaps the largest 
bee raisers in the state of Pennsylvania — his 
apiary consisting of over five hundred stands, 
the product of which finds sale in Philadelphia 
and other large eastern cities. He married, in 
1849, Miss Laura Littlefield, daughter of 
Stephen and Elizabeth (Mead) Littlefield, of 
Warren county, Pa. , a union blessed with the 
birth of four children: Walter L. , Homer F., 
James H., who died at the age of eleven years, 
and Mary Alice. Willard J. is a prominent 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church in 
the town where he resides, and for a period of 
fort}' years has been leader of the choir in the 

congregation of Youngsville. He has served 
as justice of the peace for a number of terms, 
has been a member of the school board for 
more than twenty years, and is a man of 
much more than ordinary mental endowments. 
Walter L. Davis was reared on the home 
place at Youngsville, and received his early 
educational training in the schools of that 
town, which he attended until his nineteenth 
year. He finished his studies in the high 
school of Muncie, Indiana, to which city he 
came in 1 869, and on quitting school accepted 
the position of salesman with his uncle, P. F. 
Davis, a dealer in agricultural implements. 
He was thus employed from 1870 to 1877, re- 
tiring from the business in the latter year and 
purchasing an interest, with Col. J. D. Will- 
iams, in the Muncie Courier-Democrat, with 
which paper he was connected for two years. 
He then became city editor of the Muncie 
Daily News, and one year later, in partner- 
ship with Charles Alf Williams, purchased an 
interest in the Muncie Democrat, which paper 
he managed very successfully during the cam- 
paign of 1880. Disposing of his interest in 
the Democrat to L. A. Kirkwood, Mr. Davis 
resumed his former position on the News, and 
continued in that capacity until 1885, in 
December of which year he again purchased 
the Democrat, consolidating it with the Mun- 
cie Herald, forming a partnership in the news- 
paper business with Thomas McKillip, editor 
of the latter, a relationship which continued 
until August, 1889, when he Sold out and be- 
came manager of the paper which he had 
formerly owned. He filled the latter position 
two and one-half years, when he retired from 
journalism, and in May, 1892, accepted the 
position of assistant secretar}- of the Muncie 
Savings & Loan company, one of the most 
successful associations of the kind in the state 
of Indiana. Mr. Davis was one of the original 
directors of this enterprise, and to his activity 



and judicious management is the association 
indebted for much of its present prosperity. 

Mr. Davis was married October 8, 1879, 
to Isadora F. Morehouse, daughter of Henry 
and Mary (Hiatt) Morehouse, of Michigan. 
To this union one child has been born: Ethel, 
whose birth occurred March 17, 1882. Mr. 
Davis belongs to the Masonic fraternity. 
Knights of Maccabees and the National Frater- 
nal union. In politics he is a democrat, and 
at this time holds the position of deputy state 
supervisor of oil inspection in the state depart- 
ment of geology. Mr. Davis is a man of good 
business tact, and his knowledge of men, and 
his experience as a journalist and newspaper 
man, have enabled him to discharge with credit 
the duties of the various positions to which, 
at different times, he has been called. He 
enjoys the confidence and esteem of his fellow 
citizens of Muncie, and is one of the city's most 
intelligent and progressive business men. 

M born in Perry township, Delaware 
« 1 county, Ind., May 7, 1858, the son of 
William and Amelia (Gibson) Dragoo, 
old settlers of the county, and highly respected 
residents of their township. William Dragoo, 
the father of John W., was a native of West 
Virginia, as it is now known, but at the early 
age of seven years, was brought to Delaware 
county by his father, who entered eighty acres 
of land in Perry township, the patent being 
signed by Andrew Jackson, and this land never 
changed hands until the death of the patentee, 
when it was divided among his heirs. William 
Dragoo was a member of a family of seven 
children that reached maturity, and had the 
advantage of an excellent education that he 
acquired at the schools of Muncie and New- 
castle, having as classmates such young men 

as Judge Shipley and C. Spilker, of Muncie, 
and others that became famous in later life. 
The early business life of William Dragoo was 
that of a general merchant at New Burlington, 
Delaware county, but later on he withdrew 
from mercantile trade and engaged in the pur- 
suit of agriculture, which he followed most 
successfully until his retirement from active 
labor to pass the remnant of his days at the 
residence of his son, John W., in Muncie. 
John W. also was reared a farmer, and was 
educated at the public schools. At fifteen 
years of age he relinquished his studies, and 
at twenty-one left the farm, and for five years 
was employed in school teaching and in at- 
tending schools of a higher grade. The next 
five years found him again on the farm, and 
from the expiration of that time until the 
present the school room has again been the 
field of his labor. He has in all taught over 
fifty months, included in which period are a 
term of one year as superintendent of the 
Yorktown schools and his present superin- 
tendency of the schools of Congerville. He 
has reached a high position in the estimation 
of his fellow citizens, and by them was elected 
county assessor in the winter of 1892. 

The marriage of Mr. Dragoo took place 
May 7, 1884, to Miss Frances R. Jump, the 
accomplished daughter of Dr. S. V. Jump, of 
New Burlington, and four children have been 
the fruit of this happy union, viz: Charles, 
Earl, Nina F., Mary L. and Charlene. In 
politics, Mr. Dragoo is a republican, and fra- 
ternally he is a Patriotic Son of America. He 
has led a studious and industrious life, has 
been faithful and energetic in the discharge of 
his professional and public duties, and has 
proven himself to be in every respect fully 
worthy of the responsible trusts reposed in 
him. The family hold a position in society of 
which they may well feel proud. 



>^OSIAH W. DRAKE, an ex-soldier and 
■ well known citizen of Muncie, Ind., 
A 1 was born in Brown county, Ohio, Jurie 
3, 1 841, a son of Robert and Melissa 
(Gardner) Drake. They were natives of Ohio, 
and after marriage followed farming. In 1851 
they came to Hamilton county, Ind. , where 
they now reside. Josiah W. Drake received 
a common school education, and engaged in 
business on his own account in 1865, begin- 
ning the harness making in Boxley, Hamilton 
county, Ind. He was appointed post master 
of the village by Andrew Johnson, serving in 
that capacity for one year. He then engaged 
in saw and flour milling, following these occu- 
pations for two years, and then spent one 
year in Orange county, at French Lick, for 
the benefit of his health. Becoming some- 
what better, he returned to Hamilton county 
and engaged for one year in selling Wheeler 
& Wilson sewing machines; then located at 
Berlin, Clinton county, Ind. , where he fol- 
lowed the mercantile business for one year, 
but sold this and removed to Circleville, same 
county, where he engaged in painting for the 
four succeeding years. At the end of that 
time he took a contract for supplying the ties 
for the L. E. &. W. R. R. for one year, and 
then removed to Muncie, continuing in the 
employ of the same road in the bridge depart- 
ment. Mr. Drake's war record is an honor- 
able one, and his pension of six dollars a month 
was valiantly earned. In July, 1861, he en- 
listed in company B, Thirty-ninth Indiana 
volunteers, and at the expiration of his term 
of service re-enlisted at Ringgold, Ga. , in Feb- 
ruary, 1863, serving in company B, Eighth 
Indiana cavalry. He participated in many 
hard skirmishes and took part in the battle of 
Chickamauga, being finally discharged at 
Wilmington, N. C. In 1885 Mr. Drake en- 
gaged in the restaurant business, and has since 
continued in the same line, becoming pro- 

prietor of the LaClede, October 13, 1892. 
Mr. Drake was married in Hamilton county, 
Ind., October 6, 1866, to Miss Aman- 
da Phillips, who was born in Morgan county, 
Ind., daughter of Thomas Phillips, a native of 
North Carolina. Three children have been 
born of this marriage — Myrtle and two infants, 
all deceased. Politically Mr. Drake is a dem- 
ocrat, and is one of the sterling citizens of the 
flourishing city of Muncie. 



S., M. D., is one of the prominent 
professional men of Muncie, a native 
son of Indiana, born in Centre 
township, Delawai-e county, near where the 
Indiana Iron works now stand, on the 6th day 
of October, 1858. His parents were John and 
Maria (Gibson) Driscoll. The doctor received 
a liberal education, graduating from Purdue 
university, Lafayette, Ind., in June, 1882, fol- 
lowing which he entered upon the study of 
medicine under the guidance of Dr. S. V. 
Jump, of New Burlington. He further took a 
full course at the Medical college of Ohio, at 
Cincinnati, where he graduated March, 1886, 
after which he began the practice at Cowan, 
Delaware county, where he resided for two 
years. In June, 1888, Dr. Driscoll located 
permanently in Muncie, where he has since 
enjoyed a large share of the remunerative 
practice, and where his superior medical 
knowledge has won for him a conspicuous 
place among the successful medical men of 
central Indiana. In April, 1886, he was 
elected coroner of Delaware county, and filled 
the office by successsive re-elections for the 
six succeeding years. 

Doctor Driscoll is well known among his 
professional associates, being a member of the 
Delaware County Medical society, of which he 


Cy! ^-^ey^^^>2<a:^^s 


was formerly president; belongs to the Dela- 
ware District Medical society, and the State 
Medical society of Indiana. In 1892, his ad- 
vice and good judgment were secured for the 
city by an election to the common council 
from the Third ward, and he is now serving in 
that body as a member of the police, street, 
and educational committees, and is also chair- 
man of the library board, in which organization 
he has taken a very active interest. Dr. 
Driscoll was appointed by Gov. Matthews to 
attend the first Pan-American medical con- 
gress, held at Washington, D. C , September 
5 to 8, 1893, in which he represented his state 
in the lectures on hygiene, and quarantine 
and infectious diseases. Politically Dr. Dris- 
coll is a republican, and, fraternally, belongs 
to Muncie lodge. No. 74, I. O. O. F. , and to 
Delaware lodge, No. 46, A. F. & A. M. He 
was one of the incorporators of the Muncie 
Silver Ash institute, and is physician in charge 
of the same at this time. He is a member of 
the Citizens' Enterprise company, and of 
various other projects having for their object 
the public good, and he is progressive and en- 
terprising in all those terms imply. Profes- 
sionally the doctor stands high in Muncie. 
His mental faculties, thoroughly disciplined 
by collegiate and professional training, enable 
him to keep pace with the advancement of 
medical science; his success is due as much to 
his original experiments and investigations, as 
to his extensive reading. On the 29th day of 
September, 1886, Dr. Driscoll and Maggie J., 
daughter of Samuel Chapman, of Oxford, Ind., 
were united in marriage, and one child has 
come to gladden their home, namely: John 
C. Driscoll. Mrs. Driscoll is a lady of cult- 
ure, refinement, and rare intelligence, having 
graduated in the same class with her husband 
at Purdue university. Dr. and Mrs. Driscoll 
are highly respected members of the High 
street Methodist church of Muncie, and they 

move in the best social circles nf the city. 
The attention of the reader is called to the 
fine portrait of the doctor on the o|)posite 

>T^OSEPH F. DUCKWALL, eminent as 
m an attorney at law of Muncie, was born 
/• 1 near Batavia. Clermont county, Ohio, 
July 8, 1834. His father was a 
wealthy and prosperous farmer, and the early 
life of Joseph F. was spent upon the paternal 
farm. The pursuit of agriculture not being 
suited to his inclinations, at the age of nine- 
teen, he left the farm and engaged in teaching, 
having received his early education in the 
common schools and the academy. In 1853 
he entered the Ohio Wesleyan university at 
Delaware, Ohio, where he remained nearly 
three years, defraying the principal portion of 
his expenses with his earnings as a teacher. 
He is liberally educated, and a gentleman of 
fine culture and extensive information. His 
maternal grandfather, Thomas Foster, was a 
soldier in the war of 1812, and was in Hull's 
infamous surrender, of which he could not 
speak except with deep indignation. His 
grandmother was the sister of the well known 
pioneer Methodist minister, Rev. Wm. H. 
Raper. His mother, Elizabeth (Foster) Duck- 
wall, was the cousin of Randolph S. Foster, 
D. D., now a bishop of the M. E. church. 

In June, 1857, Joseph F. Duckwall came 
to Muncie and engaged in the publication of 
the Muncie Messenger, of which he was editor 
and proprietor. In August, 1858, he moved 
his press to Anderson, and started the Madi- 
son County Republican, which he continued 
to publish until March, 1859, when he was 
compelled to suspend its publication for want 
of patronage. In this unfortunate venture he 
lost all that he possessed. He returned to Mun- 
cie, and on June i, 1859, was married to Miss 



Addie Jones, daughter of Wm. F. Jones, ex- 
mayor of Muncie, and soon after he was em- 
ployed as principal of the Muncie public 
schools, which position he held during the 
school year. In the summer of i860, at the 
solicitation of the Hon. Walter March, who 
kindly gave him financial aid, he purchased 
the Eastern Indiana Courant, the name of 
which he changed to The Delaware County 
Free Press, which he continued to edit and 
publish until the fall of 1867, when he sold 
the Press to Hon. Alfred Kilgore. The Free 
Press was a republican journal of the radical 
type, and was an able advocate of republican 
principles. Its columns doubtless contributed 
largely to the creation of that sterling republi- 
can sentiment which has long been the boast 
and pride of the people of Delaware county. 
His paper was regarded as one of the ablest in 
the state, and its editor acknowledged to be 
an able and forcible writer by all. His paper 
was admired for its independence and fearless 
advocacy of the right, regardless of policy or 
pecuniary gain or personal advantage. 

In the year 1869 Mr. Duckwall went to 
Greenfield, Mo., and engaged in the practice 
of law, and soon took position in the front 
ranks of his profession. His ability as a law- 
yer soon received public recognition. In 1 874, 
without his knowledge or consent, his name 
was placed upon a ticket as a candidate for 
prosecuting attorney of the Twenty-fifth judi- 
cial circuit, and came very near being elected. 
In the campaign of 1876, his services were 
demanded on the stump, and he made a large 
number of speeches in the interests of the 
republican party. In the fall of that year the 
republican convention of Greene county, held 
at Springfield, placed him before the people 
as a candidate for attorney general of the 
state, and instructed its delegates to vote for 
him in the state convention. He received 
similar endorsements from several other county 

conventions of southwestern Missouri, and 
when it is considered that he had not even 
thought of being a candidate for that office, 
this action is a high compliment to his ability 
and worth. The state was overwhelmingly 
democratic, and a place, upon the republican 
ticket was solely one of honor, and he made 
no effort to secure the nomination. In the 
fall of the same year he was nominated, by 
acclamation, by the republican convention of 
Dade county, for prosecuting attorney, and 
the nomination so made was tendered to him 
with a request that he accept the same, which 
he did, and was elected. This office he held 
for two years, discharging its duties with sig- 
nal ability and fidelity. Immediately after 
the expiration of his term of office he returned 
to Muncie, where he resumed the practice of 
law. Soon after his return he was solicited to 
become the editor of The Daily Times, which 
position he accepted and occupied nearly two 

Mr. Duckwall has been prominently identi- 
fied with the politics of Delaware county for 
many years, and has contributed with his pen 
and upon the rostrum to the advancement of 
the cause of republicanism and good govern- 
ment. He not only wields a trenchant pen, 
but is a forcible and entertaining public 
speaker. In addition to the positions of pub- 
lic trust held by him, above mentioned, he 
was the first city clerk of Muncie, and also 
city attorney, having been elected to the form- 
er and appointed to the latter. These offices 
he filled faithfully and acceptably to the peo- 
ple. As a lawyer, Mr. Duckwall is recognized 
as one of high rank and scholarly attainments, 
and well equipped in every branch of the pro- 
fession. Although he has never allowed the 
use of his name as a candidate, he has been 
favorably mentioned as a candidate for judge 
of the Delaware circuit court, and his eminent 
fitness and qualification for the position are, 





by those wlio know him, fully recognized. 
As a citizen, he is honest, upright and exem- 
plar}-, and universally respected. He is a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
and is regarded as a conscientious christian 
gentleman. He has practically retired from 
the practice of his profession, and is living a 
peaceful and quiet life in his pleasant home in 
Riverside, resting from the labors of an active 
and busy life, and rationally enjoying the 
fruits of his toil and the confidence and esteem 
of his fellow men. 

>T^OHN W. DUNGAN, proprietor of the 
m Glendale Jersey farm, and an old and 
A J honored resident of Delaware county, 
was born in Fayette county, Ind., June 
2, 1824, a son of Benjamin and Margaret 
(Mitchell) Dungan. The former was born in 
Bucks county, Pa., and was the son of John 
Dungan, a native of Ireland, who had come to 
America many years prior and located in New 
York state, later removing to Pennsylvania. 
Benjamin Dungan married in Butler county, 
Ohio, and removed with his family to Fayette 
county, Ind. , in quite an early day, where he 
engaged in farming (following the occupation all 
his life), and became the father of ten children 
the record of whom is as follows: Rebecca, 
Elias, William, Elizabeth, Esther and James, 
all deceased; John W. , Joseph A., of Muncie; 
Isaac J., a farmer of Missouri, and Benjamin 
W., deceased. The mother died January 22, 
1836, and the father September 15, 1855, 
both members of the Baptist church. Politi- 
ically, Mr. Dungan was a whig. After the 
death of his wife he removed to Delaware 
count}', in 1836, and remained here until 1853. 
John W. Dungan was reared to hard work 
on the farm and had very limited opportunities 

of becoming educated. He remained with his 
father until 1842, at which time he came to 
Muncie and engaged with Thomas S. Neelcy 
in the blacksmith trade, which he followed 
until 1859, when he was elected sheriff of 
Delaware county, serving in this position un- 
til he enlisted, October 19, 1864, in the Union 
army for one year. Before the expiration of his 
term of service he was honorably discharged, 
May 8, 1865, at Indianapolis. After his re- 
turn from the war, Mr. Dungan engaged in 
working at his trade, which he continued until 
1869, then sold implements for three years, 
and from 1873 to 1877 was employed as sales- 
man in a hardware store. At the end of that 
time he was re-elected to the office of sheriff 
and served from August, 1877, to August, 
1 88 1, when he retired to his farm adjoining 
the city. He had purchased eighty acres of 
land in 1879, and has forty acres now in Part- 

In Muncie, October 18, 1848, he married 
Miss Edith Dragoo, who was born in Preston 
county, W. Va. , in 1827, a daughter of Will- 
iam and Elizabeth (Prunty) Dragoo, natives 
of Virginia, of Irish ancestry, who came to this 
county in 1838, being among the pioneers. 
The family of Mr. and Mrs. Dungan bear the 
following names: George, a resident of Mun- 
cie; Leonidas, a blacksmith of this city; Cor- 
nelia A., deceased; Walter R., deceased; Caro- 
line, the wife of William Weeks, of Muncie; 
Jessie J., the wife of George Carmichael, a 
farmer of the county; Willie, deceased; Nettie, 
at home, and Harry F. , a commission mer- 
chant, in company with D. T. Haines, Jr. 
The parents are members of the Methodist 
church and have brought up a fine, moral 
family. Politically, Mr. Dungan is a republi- 
can, and was assessor of his township three 
terms, street commissioner two years, and has 
taken a great interest in the progress of the 
county. He is a member of the Masonic 



order and of I. O. O. F lodge, No. 74. 
Mr. Dungan is the proprietor of a fine farm 
whicli is known all over the county as the 
home of some of the finest thoroughbred 
Jersey cattle in this part of the state. He 
has made a success of, and takes great inter- 
est in, the breeding of these and other fine 

,>'^-OBERT DUNN, senior member of 
1 /^ the firm of Dunn Lime & Sewer Pipe 
I ^ P company, contractors for plastering, 
and wholesale and retail dealers in 
lime, hair, cement, plaster of paris, fire brick, 
fire clay, etc., is one of the representative 
business men of Muncie, and a highly respected 
citizen of Delaware county. He was born 
October 11, 1830, in Abbeville district, S. C, 
the son of James and Bethome (Evans) Dunn. 
The father was a farmer, which vocation he 
carried on in his native state in connection 
with shoemaking, and later in Fayette county, 
Ind. , where he moved in 1832, settling near 
the town of Connersville. In 1833 he moved 
to Rush county, this state, where he resided 
for two years, and then became a resident of 
the county of Hancock, where he made his 
home until 1846, at which time he located in 
Marion county, where his wife's death oc- 
curred in I 847. Subsequently he removed to 
Indianapolis, where he resided for a limited 
period, and then returned to his farm in Mari- 
on county, but did not long remain there, 
moving, within about one year, to the southern 
part of the state, and eventually returning to 
the county of Fayette. In 1851 he went back 
to his native state. South Carolina, and after 
a few years' residefice there, returned to Fay- 
ette county, in the year 1858. His second 
wife was Polly Simms. James Dunn was the 
father of eight children, namely: Elizabeth j., 

deceased; Robert, whose name introduces this 
sketch; James R. , deceased; Nancy, who lives 
in Chicago; Martha G., deceased; Andrew J., 
of Indianapolis; William Thomas, deceased, 
and George, a citizen of Marion county, Ind. 
Robert Dunn, the second of the above 
children, was reared on a farm until 1848, at 
which time he began learning the trade of 
plastering in Indianapolis, and with the ex- 
ception of two years spent in farming in Rush 
county, has followed that vocation ever since. 
He became a resident of Muncie in the year 
1888, and now does a very extensive and lu- 
crative business as a plasterer, beside dealing 
very largely in the articles enumerated in the 
introduction of this sketch — his place on west 
Dumont street being one of the well known 
business houses of the city. Mr. Dunn has 
been twice married; the first time, in August 
1850, to Miss Martha Day, who was born in 
Marion county, this state, in 1830, the daugh- 
ter of Mark and Elizabeth Day, of Ohio. To 
this union were born five children: William 
L. , associated with his father; Mary A., 
Richard W. , also his father's associate; Har- 
vey E. of Muncie, and George E. , who works 
at the tailoring business. The mother of 
these children, a most excellent christian 
woman, and for many years a member of the 
Methodist church, died in the year 1869. In 
1870 Mr. Dunn married his present wife, 
Mrs. Eliza J. W^olfe, of Rushville, Ind. Mr. 
Dunn is a republican in politics and fraternal- 
ly belongs to the I. O. O. F. Since his re- 
moval from Rushville to Muncie in the year 
above noted, he has succeeded in building up 
a large and lucrative business, and as a skilled 
workman he has been extensively employed in 
the city and throughout the country. He is 
one of the substantial citizens of Delaware 
county, and in a modest way has contributed 
his full share toward its development and 

^^^t^'^rnjiA & S^&€^-\^ 


^y^R. PETER B. DICK, one of the 
I I most prominent and most experienced 
A^^_^ medical practitioners of Muncie. 
Ind., is the youngest son of Hierony- 
mus and Mary Ann (Brunner) Dick, and was 
born in Highland county, Ohio, April 27, 1838. 
At the age of eight years he was brought to 
Indiana by his mother, who located in Jay 
county on a farm near North Salem, where 
she resided until Peter B. was about thirteen 
years old, when the family moved to a farm 
near Union City, Randolph county, where our 
embryo physician received his preparatory ed- 
ucation at the common schools, and in 1856 
took a course at Liber college, paying his own 
way from his own earnings. At the age of 
sixteen, he entered the store of L. D. Lambert 
as clerk, and there passed five or six years in 
the capacity mentioned, but utilized the win- 
ters in teaching school in Randolph county. 
Finally he became a partner with Mr. Lambert 
for two years in a store on the Ohio side of 
Union City, reading medicine in the meantime 
with Dr. Noah Simmons of that place. He 
made most rapid progress, and in 1867 grad- 
uated from the Eclectic Medical institute of 
Cincinnati, Ohio. His practice was begun at 
Daleville, Ind., whence he went to Union 
City, and thence to western Kansas, where he 
met with the most flattering success, but, 
after six years, ill health compelled him to re- 
linquish the profitable field and return to In- 
diana; accordingly, in 187S, he established 
himself in Muncie, where he has ever since en- 
joyed a high position in the esteem of the 
general public and in that of his fellow pro- 
fessionals. He is an active member of the 
State Medical society and keeps well abreast 
of the progress made in medical science. 

The doctor was first married, in 1863, to 
Miss Martha Vale, who became the mother of 
two children, both of whom died in infancy, 
and in 1 867 the doctor also suffered the afflic- 

tion of the loss of the motiier and wife. The 
second marriage of the (li_)ctor occurred at 
Daleville. Ind., in 1870. to Miss Sallic Slicpji, 
who, in 1S73, bore one son, Kenneth Dick, 
now an operator for the Western Union Tele- 
graph company, at Muncie. In politics. Dr. 
Dick is a republican, and while in Kansas was 
elected coroner of Kane county, by that party, 
an office which he held at the time of leaving. 
He is an Odd Fellow, and has jxissed all the 
chairs of his lodge. For twenty-fi\'e }'ears he 
has been a member of the Disciples' church, 
and for many years has been very active in 
the Sunday school work of that denomination. 
The father of Dr. Dick was a native of Ran- 
dolph county, Va. , was a large land owner, 
and moved to Ohio about the }ear 1833 ; he 
settled near Hillsboro and died about 1840, 
leaving a widow and eight children — three 
sons and five daughters — who subsequently 
moved to Jay county, where the widow kept 
her family together until her removal to Ran- 
dolph county. Her death took place in 1878, 
at the age of eighty-four, in Olmstead county, 
Minn., at the home of her son, John Dick. 
She was a woman of very strong character and 
a sincere Christian, adhering faithfully to the 
tenets of the Baptist church. There are five 
of her eight children still living; viz: Harriet, 
wife of William Stooksberry, a farmer of Ran- 
dolph county, Ind.,; Rhoda, married to Ben- 
jamin Curtis, farmer of Delaware county, Ind. ; 
John, farmer of Minnesota ; Elizabeth, wife of 
L. D. Lambert, attorney, and Dr. Peter B. , 
whose name opens this sketch. The three 
deceased were Henry, the second son, who 
was a soldier in the Eighty-fourth Indiana in- 
fantry, and while on detail duty was killed by 
a sharpshooter just before the battle of Atlanta; 
Mary, wife of Hiram Grice, of Ja\- coimty, 
Ind., died about 1854; Rebecca, the wife of 
Tate Wright, a merchant of Illinois, died in 



'^j'AMES E. EBER, a successful agricul- 
J turist of Centre township, Delaware 
A 1 county, of which he is a native, is the 
son of Henry and Susan Eber. Henry 
Eber was a native of Germany, came to Dela- 
ware county when twenty-eight years old, locat- 
ing in Muncie, where he married Susan Clark, 
who bore him the following children: John, de- 
ceased ; William H., deceased ; Mary, wife of 
A. Drumn, of California, and James E., whose 
name appears at the head of this sketch ; 
George, and Catharine, deceased. On locating 
in Muncie, Henry Eber engaged in the busi- 
ness of brewing, which he followed for two 
years, and then purchased a tract of land in 
Centre township, and began tilling the soil. 
Financially he was quite successful, owning at 
one time 462 acres of valuable land in Dela- 
ware county, besides other property, which 
entitled him to a prominent place in the ranks 
of those who were more than ordinarily 
wealthy. He accumulated a handsome estate, 
and left all of his children in very comfortable 
circumstances. His religious belief was em- 
bodied in the Presbyterian creed, and his first 
wife, a most excellent christian lady, was a 
member of the Catholic church. She died 
May 20, 1862, and Mr. Eber afterwards 
married Nancy Alban, who departed this life 
in 1879; Mr. Eber was called to his final re- 
ward on the 26th day of January, 1876. 

James E. Eber was reared in Delaware 
county and assisted his father on the farm un- 
til the latter's death. His education was re- 
ceived in the common schools, and on the 22nd 
day of June, 1872, he was united in marriage 
to Miss Bitha Scott, who was born in Adams 
county, Ohio, August 8, 1852, daughter of 
David and Sarah (Ham) Scott. Mr. and Mrs. 
Scott were both natives of Ohio; the former of 
German parentage, and the mother descended 
from Irish ancestry. Mr. and Mrs. Eber have 
an interesting family of six children, namely: 

Ida, Lee, Katie, Stella, Pearl and Earl. One 
child, Emma, died December 13, 1890. As 
already stated, Mr. Eber is a successful agri- 
culturist, and no one would question his high 
standing as a representative citizen of Centre 
township. His beautiful farm of 190 acres is 
well improved, and in addition to tilling the 
soil, he pays considerable attention to live 
stock, breeding and dealing in the same quite 
extensively. He is a democrat in his political 
belief, fraternally belongs to the Improved 
Order of Red Men, and with his wife is a 
communicant of the Methodist church. Mr. 
Eber takes a father's pardonable pride in his 
family; his children are certainly very promis- 
ing, and bid fair to grow to manhood and 
womanhood, an honor to their parents and a 
blessing to the community. 

'^t'OHN C. EILER, a prominent business 
m man and a justice of the peace, of 
/• 1 Muncie, Ind. , was born in Troy, N. Y. , 
March 4, 1838, a son of Jacob and 
Bena (Fetzer) Filer. The parents removed 
from New York to Ohio, and from there, in 
1849, to Wabash county, Ind., and were pio- 
neers of that county. Mr. Eiler accompanied 
his parents to Ohio when four years of age, 
and when eleven years old came with them to 
Wabash county, Ind., where he grew to 
maturity, and received his education in the 
public schools. His first position of public 
trust was that of deputy clerk of Wabash 
county, which office he acceptably filled for 
several years. In 1858, he removed to 
LaGrange county, Ind. , and was made depu- 
ty clerk of that county until 1859, at which 
time he came to Muncie. In 1861 he was 
appointed a clerk in the census department at 
Washington, D. C, but in 1862 he was trans- 
fered to the pension department, where he 

-J^ C^^<^;.,^^^^^.<x^;fcT- 



continued until 1865, when he was forced to 
resign his position on. account of poor health; 
he then returned to Muncie and engaged in 
the horticultural business. This built up his 
shattered health, and, at a special session of 
the house of representatives, in 1872-3, he 
was appointed file clerk. In March, 1875, he 
was appointed post master at Muncie, under 
Pres. Grant, serving in this position for eight 
years. In June, 1883, he was appointed jus- 
tice of the peace, and was elected to the 
office in 1884, 1888 and 1890. In the last 
year he was made a member of the city coun- 
cil, in which he served one year and then 
resigned. Politically, he has been an ardent 
worker in the republican party from its organ- 
ization to the present time, and was chairman 
of the republican central committee of Dela- 
ware county in 1890 and 1891. 

Mr. Eiler was admitted to the bar in 1859, 
but has never practiced his profession. He 
now conducts an insurance and loan business 
in connection with his duties as justice of the 
peace. His social instincts have caused him 
to connect himself with the Muncie lodge of 
I. O. O. F. , and he is a charter member of the 
Citizens' Enterprise company. In the spring 
of 1 89 1, Mr. Eiler received the nomination of 
his party for the office of mayor of Muncie, 
but owing to a defection in the party, the 
whole ticket — mayor, marshal and treasurer-^ 
was defeated. With the exception of one year, 
from 1877 to 1883, Mr. Eiler was the editor 
of the Muncie Times, and editor and proprie- 
tor from July 1881, to January, 1883. 

On the first of January, 1862, he was 
married to Miss Margaret B. Cassady, of 
Delaware county, and is the father of two 
children, Annie and Erma. He and family 
are connected religiously with the Presbyter- 
ian church of Muncie, and are among the 
most esteemed residents of the city. Mr. 
Eiler has always been regarded as a conserva- 

tive and profound thinker, guided by principles 
of strict justice and goodness ol heart, and 
void of all e\il intent. 

@EORGE L ELLIOTT, deceased, for 
many years a leading jeweler of Mun- 
cie, was born January 28, 1 83 1 , at the 
town of Chardon, Geauga county, 
Ohio. His parents, Edmund G. and Nancy 
(Taylor) Elliott, were natives of New England, 
born, reared and married in the state of Mass- 
achusetts. Shortly after their marriage they 
removed to Ohio, and for a number of years 
Edmund Elliott carried on the jewelry busi- 
ness at Chardon and Springfield, that state. 
Subsequently, he removed to Anderson, Ind., 
where his death occurred after a long, active 
and successful business career; his wife follow- 
ing him to the grave a short time after. Ed- 
mund and Nancy Elliott reared a family of 
five children, all sons, namely: Jerome, Al- 
fred, George L. , Ozias and Dallas K., of 
whom Jerome, Alfred and George L. are de- 

George L. Elliott began learning the 
jeweler's trade at the age of thirteen with his 
father, and after acquiring great skill and pro- 
ficiency in his chosen calling worked at the 
same with his father until about 1854, at 
which time he went to Cincinnati, where he 
remained for a limited period, returning home 
the following year. In May, 1855, he was 
united in marriage to Elizabeth Smith, daugh- 
ter of John and Ruth (Marshall) Smith of 
Greene county, Ohio, removing in August of 
the same year to Muncie. Ind., where he rent- 
ed a window and engaged in repairing watches, 
jewelry, etc., on a very moderate scale. 
Later he entered the emplo\- of Armstead 
Klein, with whom he remained a short time, 



and then opened an establishment of his own 
on the corner of Main and Walnut streets, 
where he continued the trade for a period of 
nearly forty years, during which time he be- 
came one of the best known and most popular 
business men of Muncie. In all his relations 
with his fellow-men Mr. Elliott was the soul 
of honor, and his kindness of heart and uni- 
form courtesy were the subjects of remark by 
all, and became proverbial throughout Muncie 
and Delaware county. "Uncle George," as 
he was familiarly called, always had a cheer- 
ful word and pleasant greeting for every one, 
and he was one of those noble characters 
whose very presence exerted a genial influence 
throughout the community — one of nature's 
noblemen, whose honest impulses were mani- 
fested in every act of his life. In the home 
circle he was a model of gentleness, and his 
daughter, with whom he was ever on terms 
of the closest intimacy, cannot recall the 
memory of an unkind word or act. In his re- 
ligious belief Mr. Elliott was a Universalist, 
but he encouraged all churches, irrespective of 
doctrine or creed, and was ever in hearty sym- 
pathy with all movements of a benevolent or 
philanthropic nature. Politically he was an 
active supporter of the democratic party, and 
fraternally was indentified with Delaware 
lodge. No. 46, A. F. & A. M., and DeEmber 
tribe. No. 30, Improved Order of Red Men. 
He was noted as a friend of the poor and 
needy, was kindly disposed to all, and died, as 
he had lived, possessing the profound respect 
and esteem of his fellow-citizens. His death 
occurred on the ist day of April, 1892, and 
his remains were followed to their final place 
of repose by one of the largest funeral corteges 
ever seen on the streets of Muncie. Mr. 
Elliott was the father of one child, a daughter, 
Ida M., wife of John H. Ritter, an able opti- 
cian, who resides in the city at the present 

BRANK ELLIS was born in Delaware 
township, Delaware county, Ind., 
February 12, 1842, a son of John H. 
and Phebe (Kirkpatrick) Ellis, both 
natives of Ohio, who came to Delaware county 
at an early day, and were married in the 
county. By trade, the father was a carpen- 
ter, but finally engaged in the collection busi- 
ness and the practice of law, in Muncie. At 
the breaking out of the war he raised company 
B, of the Eighty-fourth Indiana, and served 
as captain of the same until he was killed at 
the battle of Chickamauga, on September 20, 
1863. His wife survives him, and now resides 
in Muncie. 

Frank Ellis is the eldest of ten children, 
and received but a limited education in the 
township and village schools of that period. 
He engaged in brick making for a short period, 
and then entered the office of the Delaware 
County Free Press, as office bo}', where he re- 
mained, except one term of three months, dur- 
ing which he taught a country school, until 
1862, when he enlisted in his father's company 
and served until the close of the war, being 
mustered out in June, 1865. After the death 
of his father he was made captain of company 
B, and he held that position all through the 
remainder of the war. He participated in the 
battles of Sherman's Atlanta campaign, and 
was with Thomas' army at Franklin and Nash- 
ville. In 1864 Mr. Ellis was nominated for 
the office of treasurer of Delaware county, and 
in the fall of that year was elected to the posi- 
tion, taking possession of the same in August, 
1865. In 1866, he was unanimously renomi- 
nated and triumphantly re-elected, serving in 
all four years, after which he engaged in mer- 
cantile business for some years, in the mean- 
time reading law, for which profession he had 
a great predilection. He was admitted to the 
Delaware county bar in 1882, and immediately 
formed a co-partnershjr> — -th Judge Lotz, 



which continued until the latter was called to 
the bench, when Mr. Ellis formed a co-part- 
nership with John T. Walterhouse. 

Mr. Ellis is a prominent and active mem- 
ber of the republican party, and has been a 
member of the state central committee. He 
served as mayor of the city from 1883 to 1885, 
and had been a member of the city council 
from 1883 to 1 89 1. On February 9, 1891, he 
was appointed postmaster of Muncie by Pres. 
Harrison, since which time he has efficiently 
served the people in that capacity. He is a 
member of Williams' Post, No. 78, G. A. R. , 
and was one of the organizers of the Sons of 
Veterans. In early life he joined the Dela- 
ware lodge, A. F. & A. M., and was one of 
the organizers of the Muncie lodge, No. 433, 
A. F. & A. M., and is a member of Muncie 
commandery. No. 18. Also, he is a member 
of Muncie lodge. No. 74, I. O. O. F. , and the 
encampment and canton, and the grand lodge 
and grand encampment of that order. He is 
a charter member of the Red Men, and of the 
Elks; and is also a member of the Ancile 
club of Muncie. 

Mr. Ellis was married, in 1870, to Miss 
Mary E. Martindale, daughter of Benjamin F. 
Martindale, of Muncie, a well known minister 
of the Christian church. Three children have 
been born to Mr. and Mrs. Ellis: Elizabeth, 
Mary, deceased, and Ethel Joy. 

^~V*AMUEL M. ELLIS, of Muncie, Ind., 
•^^^k* was born in Albany, in the same 

K^__y state, November 25, 1850, and is a 
son of John E. and Phctbe (Kirkpat- 
rickj Ellis. When about three years of age 
he was brought by his parents to Muncie, and 
was here educated in the public schools until 
thirteen years old, when he quit, to enter the 
army, being then the youngest soldier from 

Delaware county, and the only one nf the 
nine children in his father's family that did 
not graduate from the high school. In 1864 
he entered company B, One hundred and Forty- 
seventh I. \'. I., and served with the army of 
the Cumberland until the close of the war, tak- 
ing part at Winchester, Va , and a number of 
minor engagements. When hostilities ceased 
he went on the Fort Wayne. Muncie & Cincin- 
nati railroad as brakeman; as baggage master 
from Fort Wayne to Connersville, as yard- 
master at Muncie for the same company; was 
also in the employ of the "Bee" line for some 
years; broke, fired, switched, and was yard mas- 
ter and conductor on the Lake Erie & Western 
main line, between Sandusk} , Ohio, and 
Bloomington, Ills., for a long time — in all. 
railroaded over twenty years; and, having 
learned the trade of brick making prior to this 
time, worked at that trade at intervals about 
fifteen years, principally at Muncie. After 
relinquishing railroad work, Mr. Ellis, in 1890, 
began contracting for brick work in Muncie 
and followed that vocation until 1893, when 
he leased the McKinjey brick stable, at iio 
Howard street, where he transacts a livery, 
feed and boarding business, and keeps a full 
line of double and single rigs. 

Mr. Ellis is vice president of the Muncie 
Bricklayers' union, and still keeps a watchful 
eye over the interests of his former trade and 
craftsmen. He was married, in 1 871, to Miss 
Catherine J. Hawk, of Muncie, and is the 
father of one son, Harry J. Ellis. 

BRANK A. ELROD, city clerk of 
Muncie, Ind., a prominent politician 
and very pleasant and agreeable gen- 
tlemen, was born in Wabash county, 
Ind., June 7, 1853, a son of James J. and 
Juliet M. (Hess) Elrod, natives of Lawren' 


and Blackford counties, Ind., respectively. 
Mr. Elrod, Sr. , was a farmer by occupation 
and also a minister of the Methodist Episco- 
pal church, being connected with the North 
Indiana conference. He was a prominent 
Mason, and at his death, in 1858, was buried 
with the appropriate ceremonies of the order. 

Frank A. Elrod was reared in Cadiz, Hen- 
ry county, Ind.,- was educated in the public 
schools of that county, and afterward engaged 
in mercantile business. In 1881 he made a 
trip to Texas, and remained for six years, 
employed in the freight department of the 
Southern Pacific railroad, but, in 1887, he 
returned to Indiana, locating in Muncie, 
where he was employed as assistant shipping 
clerk for H. Roads & Co. In the spring of 
1892 he was elected city clerk and entered 
upon the duties of that office in September of 
the same year. Politically he is a republican, 
and takes an active interest in the manage- 
ment of the affairs of his party. He is a mem- 
ber of Delaware lodge. No. 46, A. F. & A. M., 
Welcome lodge. No. ^^j, K. of P., and Twa- 
Twa tribe. No. 145, I. O. R. M. 

Mr. Elrod was married February 21, 1876, 
to Miss Emma Personett, daughter of James 
Personett, of Henry county, Ind., and has a 
family of four children, James, Lizzie, Clara 
and Lloyd. He and wife are members of the 
High street Methodist church, and are among 
the most highly esteemed residents of the city 
of Muncie. 

(deceased) was born in New Hamp- 
shire, November 7, 18 16, of Eng- 
lish ancestry, and graduated from 
Harvard university in 1835. For a year or so 
he followed teaching, and in 1836 removed to 
Preble county, Ohio, where he was engaged 
in clerical work for a time, but later resumed 

teaching, and afterward became the first post- 
master at West Florence. His marriage took 
place January 30, 1840, to Eleanor McWhin- 
ney, a native of Preble county, Ohio, born 
June 6, 1 82 1, and daughter of Matthew and 
Temperance McWhinney, of Scotch-Irish an- 
cestry. To this union, which was consum- 
mated in Preble county, Ohio, were born 
twelve children, of whom five boys and five 
girls still survive, viz: Joseph, a broker; 
Matthew, in the lumber trade; Thomas M., 
traffic manager of the Atlantic Coast Line rail- 
road; Charles, publisher of the Muncie City 
and Delaware County (Ind.) directory, and an 
extensive dealer in real estate; Horace M., 
general passenger agent of the Atlantic Coast 
Line railroad; Elizabeth, wife of J. D. Fudge; 
Temperance, wife of A. C. Morse; Emmaretta, 
wife of Albert H. Williams; Mary A. and 
Eleanor. The father remained in Preble 
county until February 23, 1864, when he re- 
ceived a commission as army paymaster of the 
late rebellion, and located his family at Yellow 
Springs, Ohio, to receive the benefit of the 
excellent schools at that point. He served as 
paymaster until November i, 1866. He then 
located at Campbellstown, Ohio, where he 
was engaged in the mercantile business one 
year, and then moved to Marion, Ind., and 
was in the employ of the railroad company 
three years. In March, 1872, he came to 
Muncie and engaged in the manufacture of 
staves, heading and plow beams until 1885, 
when he retired from active business on ac- 
count of ill health. In politics he was a re- 
publican, and fraternally was a member of the 
A. F. & A. M. ; in religion he was a Congre- 
gationalist, and died in that faith, November 
3, 1890. He left his family in comfortable 
circumstances, and his sons all in prominent 
business positions, and his remains were fol- 
lowed by a large concourse of mourning rela- 
tives, friends and acquaintances to their last 




resting place from his late residence on east 
Jackson street, Muncie, Ind. His widow, who 
is a devout adherent of the Presbyterian church, 
is still an honored member of Muncie's best 
society, respected and honored by all who 
know her. 

Charles Emerson, real estate dealer and 
publisher of Muncie City and Delaware Coun- 
ty Directory, and son of Major Warren C. 
Emerson, whose sketch is given in detail above, 
was born in Butler county, Ohio, March 9, 1853. 
He attended school at Yellow Springs, Ohio, 
until fourteen years of age, when he was com- 
pelled to quit on account of ill health; he then 
engaged, as his first business venture, as assist- 
ant to his father in the railway office at Mari- 
on, Ind. , until 1872, when, with his parents, 
he moved to Muncie and became the super- 
vising agent of the Singer Manufacturing com- 
pany, which position he held until the spring 
of 1873, when, by the advice of his physician, 
he went south, locating at Nashville, Tenn., 
where he was engaged by the Howe Sewing 
Machine company to travel and establish 
agencies throughout eastern Tennessee until 
the fall of 1873, when he went to Savannah, 
Ga. , and engaged with the New York Publish- 
ing company in publishing city, county and 
state directories, remaining with the company 
for one year. He then engaged in the direc- 
tory publishing business for himself, and has 
published directories throughout eleven differ- 
ent states, gaining a national reputation as a 
competent and painstaking publisher. In 
1886 he accepted a position with the Singer 
Manufacturing company as manager at Rich- 
mond, Va. , which position he held until 1889, 
when he again engaged in the directory busi- 
ness and continued until February i, 1892. 
He then came to Muncie, Ind. , and under the 
firm name of Lyons & Emerson opened an 
office in the real estate and loan business 
which firm is now considered one of the lead- 

ing real estate firms of the city. Mr. Emer- 
son was married November 14, 1881, to Miss 
Maggie M. Houston, of Greensboro, N. C, 
and this union has been blessed by the birth 
of one child, William C. 

'^j'AMES N. EVERS.— Among the valua- 
M ble industries of the growing city of 
A 1 Muncie, that of the Cottage Steam 
laundry is deserving of worthy mention. 
James N. Evers, its proprietor, is a native of 
Indiana, born in the county of Wells on the 
17th day of September, 1853, a son of Parry 
and Jane (Golliver) Evers. The parents were 
both natives of Ohio, but removed to Indiana 
shortly after their marriage, settling in Put- 
nam county, where Mr. Evers engaged in the 
pursuit of agriculture. Later the family re- 
moved to Wells county, where Mr. and Mrs. 
Evers live a retired life in the pleasant town of 
Bluffton. Parry Evers has been a prominent 
citizen of Wells county for a number of years, 
is public spirited, and a man of great liberality. 
He is a republican in his political preferences, 
and the father of nine children, whose names 
are as follows: Minerva R., James N. , Darius 
A., David W. , Anna E., Colonel E., Parry J., 
Cora and Hugh W. Evers. 

James N. Evers was reared on the home 
farm, attending the country schools at intervals 
until sixteen years of age, when he began life 
for himself, choosing the useful vocation of 
agriculture for an occupation. He continued 
tilling the soil until his twenty-si.xth year, at 
which time he came to the city of Muncie and 
embarked in the mercantile business, making 
a specialty of the grocery line, which he car- 
ried on with success and financial profit for a 
period of six years. He severed his connection 
with merchandising in 1890, and established 
the Cottage Steam laundry, which he has sue- 



cessfully conducted ever since and which under 
his judicious management has become the 
largest and most profitable enterprise of the 
kind in the city. He fitted up his laundry 
with all the modern conveniences and improve- 
ments at a liberal expenditure of money, and 
such has been the constant increase in his busi- 
ness that additional appliances have been 
added, from time to time, until now fifteen 
helpers are employed in order to meet the de- 
mands of his growing custom. Mr. Evers has 
fully met his expectations in his business ven- 
ture, and, as a result of good management and 
earnest desire to please his patrons, he has 
acquired a reputation much more than local, 
and is justly esteemed among the worthy and 
reliable business men of Muncie. Socially he 
is popular with a large circle of friends in both 
city and country, and his public spirit has won 
for him a prominent place in the estimation 
of his fellow citizens. In his political senti- 
ments Mr. Evers is an earnest supporter of 
the republican party, and takes an active in- 
terest, in its advancement, but prefers to be 
considered a worker in the ranks rather than 
a seeker after the emoluments of of^ce. Re- 
cently he met with a heavy loss by reason of 
an accident in his laundry, but, with com- 
mendable energy, he has repaired the same, 
and greatly enlarged his business by the addi- 
tion of the latest and most improved appli- 
ances used in his line of work. On the 17th 
day of March, 1879, in Columbia City, Ind. , 
Mr. Evers and Miss Lizzie A. Goodwin of 
Ohio, daughter of Smith and Sarah (Conway) 
Goodwin, were made man and wife. Mrs. 
Evers died December 30, 1887, and on the 
1 5th day of January, 1889, Mr. Evers was 
united in marriage to his present wife, whose 
maiden name was Kate Stuckey, a native of 
Muncie, and daughter of Christian and Sarah 
(Grower) Stuckey. Mr. and Mrs. Evers are 
members of the Baptist church, in which they 

are highly esteemed. Fraternally, Mr. Evers 
is prominently connected with the orders of 
P. O. S. of A., Red Men, and Foresters. 

^'^EORGE W. FAY.— Among the citi- 
■ ^\ zens of Delaware county whose life 
\^^^ work is ended, few, if any, are held 
in more grateful and affectionate re- 
membrance than the late George W. Fay, of 
Muncie. Mr. Fay was a native of New York, 
born in the month of July, 1832, and his an- 
cestors for several generations had resided in 
the Empire state In the year 1858 he be- 
came a resident of Delaware county, Ind., and 
shortly after he arrived in Muncie accepted a 
clerkship in the dry goods house of Moses 
Neeley, in which capacity he continued for 
several years. Subsequently, he effected a 
co-partnership in the butchering business with 
Cyrus G. Neely. — Mr. Fay becoming widely 
and favorably known, not only as a most suc- 
cessful business man, but as an eminently 
sociable citizen as well. Later Mr. Fay be- 
came a street contractor, at which he con- 
tinued for several years, and to him is due the 
credit of providing Muncie with a system of 
streets which, in point of improvement and 
general utility, will compare favorably with 
those of any other city in central or eastern 
Indiana. On abandoning street work he em- 
barked in manufacturing, and was thus em- 
ployed for some years, meeting with success 
and financial profit in the meantime. Mr. 
Fay was a prominent member of the Masonic 
fraternity, in which he took a number of de- 
grees, including that of Sir Knight, and he 
was always a man of large sympathy and 
christian charity. In all the attributes of 
noble manhood Mr. Fay stood prominent 
among his fellows, and his one fault, if fault 
it may be termed, was an open handed gener- 


osity frequently exercised to his own financial 
detriment, but to the great financial benefit of 
the numerous beneficiaries of his munificent 

During a long and active business career, 
which of necessity brought him in contact 
with all classes, including the many unfortu- 
nate individuals who became his debtors, he 
was never known to sue on an account or resort 
to the courts to collect an obligation, in con- 
sequence of which his popularity became great, 
and his friends were numerous in Mimcie and 
throughout Delaware county. But for his 
generous and charitable disposition he could 
have acquired a large fortune, but he preferred 
to invest his means in those securities which. 
always return a princely income to the pos- 
sessor, namely: Liberal aid to the deserving 
pocr, and a financial as well as a heart-felt 
sympathy for all unfortunates who appealed to 
him for assistance. In all public and private 
charities of Muncie, Mr. Fay's name and indi- 
vidual efforts were ever foremost; he served 
one term as township trustee, in the discharge 
of the duties of which office, as well as those 
pertaining to every trust reposed in him, he 
brought to bear the strict integrity which char- 
acterized his life in all its various relations. 
As a citizen, his private character was above 
reproach; while his whole life, in whatever 
capacity he acted, was devoted to the public 
weal — in short, "he was one of those sturdy, 
upright and popular men, who, in the course 
of a long and useful career, leave their mark 
upon the times and the communities in which 
they dwell. The death of Mr. Fay occurred 
on the 1 2th day of June, 1889. His wife, 
Martha A. Braddock, daughter of Joseph and 
Margaret J. (Galbraith) Braddock, to whom 
he was married in 1876, survives him, as does 
also one daughter, Catherine Fay, an accom- 
plished young lady of Muncie, just budding 
into womanhood. 


ILLIAM H. FOKTNER, one of the 

most highly respected residents of 
the city of Muncie, is a native of 
Franklin county, Ind., born De- 
cember II, 1838, the eldest of si.\ children — 
five sons and one daughter — born to Solomon 
H. and Elizabeth E. (James) Fortner, natives, 
respectively, of Franklin county, Ind., and the 
state of Virginia. William H. was reared on 
the farm of his paternal grandfather Levi, a 
pioneer of Franklin county, Ind., until fifteen 
years of age, having, at the age of nine, lost 
his father. At the age of eleven he began 
supporting himself, working on the farm in 
summer and attending school in winter. In 
1853 he went to Greensburg, Ind., and during 
one winter worked in a general store and a 
hotel for his board; in the spring of 1854 he 
became clerk of the hotel and held the posi- 
tion nine consecutive years, interlarding the 
! time as newsboy, in which last capacity he 
carried the first copy of the Cincinnati En- 
quirer and Commercial delivered in Greens- 
burg. In 1 86 1 he enlisted in Company F, 
Seventh I. V. I., in the three months' service, 
and did duty in West Virginia at Philippi, 
Laurel Hill and Carrick's Ford. 

He sold out his paper route in 1863, and 
went to work upon a farm, near Greensburg, 
for eighteen months in order to regain his 
health, and then returned to town and worked 
for J. & J. Pool, marble dealers, for fourteen 
years, and was then, for six years, in the grain 
business with John Emmert. In March, 1885, 
he came to Muncie and here engaged in the 
wholesale furniture business with L. H. Har- 
per, but in the December following sold out 
and engaged as yard foreman and bookkeeper 
for Joshua Truitt for two years, and then went 
into the hotel business, which he followed four 
and one half years. In politics Mr. Fortner 
is a democrat; fraternally he affiliates with the 
I. O. O. F. encampment, No. 42, and Dela- 



ware lodge No. 143, and has filled all the 
chairs in each branch, and was a trustee for 
six years; he is also a member of the I. O. R. 
M., the K. of H., of which he was a trustee, 
and the K. & L. of H., of which last he has 
served as secretary. 

The marriage of Mr. Fortner took place 
February 18, 1863, to Miss Angelia Dillier, 
daughter of Joseph Dillier, a native of France. 
Mrs. Fortner is one of the most fashionable 
dressmakers of the city, and for years resided 
at Greensburg. 

*Y-» ONE A. FRANLIN, was born in 
I r Delaware county, Ind., July 9, 1863, 
1 ^ the son of Pierson W. and Emily 
(Dragoo) Franklin. He was reared 
in the city of Muncie, in the schools of which 
he received a practical English education, and 
at the early age of seventeen, began business 
upon his own responsibility as a buyer and 
shipper of live stock, principally cattle and 
hogs, which he shipped to the eastern markets. 
He continued in this line until 1886, at which 
time he engaged in the livery business, and is 
now the proprietor of one of the largest and 
most extensively patronized livery barns in 
Delaware county. 

P. W. Franklin, the father of Lone A., one 
of the oldest residents of Delaware county, and 
one of its most highly esteemed citizens, was 
born in Clark county, Ohio, September 19, 
1826. His father, James Franklin, and his 
mother, whose maiden name was Catherine 
Stover, were both natives of Botetourt county, 
Va. , and descendants of early German settlers 
of the Old Dominion state. James Franklin 
removed with his family to Clark county, Ohio, 
early in the twenties, and, in 1831, emigrated 
to Delaware county, Ind., settling about one 
and a quarter miles southeast of the public 

square of Muncie, where he purchased eighty 
acres of heavily timbered land. Upon this piece 
of land not a stick of timber had been cut, and a 
more uninviting prospect would be difficult to 
imagine. For a period of nine weeks the 
family lived in a rudely improvised camp, on 
which the rain poured down in torrents nearly 
every day. A small log cabin was in due 
time constructed, and in this primitive dwell- 
ing, without floor or windows, life in the back 
woods began in earnest. Mr. Franklin subse- 
quently entered two eighty acre tracts adjoin- 
ing his original purchase, and a part of the 
homestead farm is now within the corporate 
limits of Muncie. On this place James and 
Catherine Franklin spent the rest of their 
days, rearing a family of eight children, five sons 
and three daughters, to manhood and woman- 
hood. Mr. Franklin and his good wife were 
true types of the hardy pioneers, and their 
struggles for years with the hardships and 
trials incident to that period, cannot be ap- 
preciated by the younger people of the present 
generation. They lived to a good old age, the 
father reaching the Scriptural allotment of 
three score and ten years; the mother was 
called to her reward at the age of sixty. 

P. W. Franklin was but five years of age 
when his father settled in the woods near 
Muncietown. The court house square was at 
that period covered with hazel brush and logs, 
and wild game of any kind was killed. Mr. 
Franklin was enabled to attend the indifferent 
schools of the country only four or five weeks 
each year. He early assisted in removing the 
forest growth and developing the farm, be- 
came strong and rugged, and remained under 
the parental roof until his majority. He then 
began life for himself, working in the woods, 
and the first winter after leaving home he 
split rails for thirty-three cents a hundred, 
and later cleared forty acres of land, for which 
he received the equivalent of three dollars per 



acre in trade. In the spring of 1848 he found 
himself the possessor of $15.00 in money and 
a small horse, and with these he started west- 
ward for the purpose of herding cattle in Illi- 
nois. Until he could secure such employ- 
ment as he desired he worked as a farm laborer 
at $8.00 per month, but eventually he se- 
cured a place as a herder and continued the 
same for four or five years. Returning to 
Indiana he worked at different occupations for 
some time, and, on the i8thdayof December, 
1855, was united in marriage to Miss Emily 
Dragoo, who was born in Virginia, April 4, 
1834, the daughter of William and Elizabeth 
(Prunty) Dragoo, early settlers of Delaware 

Shortly after his marriage, Mr. Franklin 
located a piece of land southeast of Muncie, 
upon which about forty acres had been cleared, 
and here he and his family resided for twelve 
years. He developed a fine farm, and became 
one of the leading agriculturists of Centre 
township. He came to Muncie for the pur- 
pose of schooling his children. He owns a 
substantial home on East Jackson street, 
which, with his farm of 1 70 acres of highly cul- 
tivated land, is the result of his own unaided 
efforts. Mr. Franklin still manages his farm, 
driving to and from the same each day, and 
he yet possesses much of the physical vigor for 
which he was noted in the days of his youth 
and early manhood. He is a democrat in pol- 
itics, and in religion a Methodist. His wife, 
also a worthy member of the Methodist church, 
is a woman of many excellent traits of char- 
acter, and has been a helpmeet to her hus- 
band during the long years and many struggles 
of their wedded life. Their children are Carl 
P., a groceryman; Lone A., liveryman and 
stock dealer; Cary, dealer in horses, and 
Laura E. , wife of William W. Shirk, hard- 
ware dealer of Muncie. 

Lone A. Franklin is a splendid example of 

what energy and foresight, coupled with a 
determination to succeed, can accomplish in 
the face of adverse circumstances. He started 
out in life for himself empty-handed, and by 
his industry, enterprise and perseverance, has 
overcome the many difficulties by which his 
path was beset, and has steadily worked his 
waj- upward to a position which entitles him 
to mention with the representative business 
men in Muncie. Mr. Franklin has given a 
great deal of attention to the horse, and is 
considered an authority upon all matters per- 
taining to the breeding and training of the 
same. In his barn may be seen some very 
fine roadsters, among which Charley Ross and 
Lady Reece are well known beyond the con- 
fines of Muncie. Recently Mr. Franklin has 
completed a large and commodious three story 
brick barn on Mulberry street, which, in its 
various appointments and equipments, is far 
ahead of any other barn in Muncie, and second 
to but few structures of the kind in the state. 
The ground floor of this building embraces an 
area of 62^x125 ft., has two fine large halls on 
the second floor for the storage of his vehicles, 
and the large room on the third floor is used 
for an armory and a place of public entertain- 
ment. His line of surreys, buggies and car- 
riages is very full and complete, representing 
the workmanship of the best factories, and his 
horses, of which he keeps from eighteen to 
twenty head, are in the best condition, and 
show the skillful care of their owner. 

Mr. Franklin supports the democratic 
party by his ballot, and, as every true Ameri- 
can citizen should do, takes an interest in po- 
litical affairs, although he has never been a 
seeker after the honors or emoluments of office. 
He is a prominent member of the Masonic 
fraternity, belonging to lodge No. 433, of 
Muncie, and has also taken the degree of Sir 


QARTIN GALLIHER, a deceased 
pioneer of Delaware county, Ind., 
was born near Brownsville, Pa., 
April 2, 1809, and was reared in 
Monongalia county, Va. (now West Va. ) 
His early work was at cutting wood in the 
mountains of Virginia at twenty-five cents per 
cord, and at farm work at $7.00 per month. 
In fact, he started in life a poor boy, having, 
at the age of three years, lost his father by 
drowning, and beginning to earn a living at 
the age of eleven. He eventually made a 
fortune, however, and by his own unaided ex- 
ertions. On first coming west he engaged in 
street and turnpike contracting in Covington, 
Ky. , and later, in 1840, coming to Muncie 
with his savings, amounting at that time, to 
about $500. In the meantime, however, he 
had married, September 3, 1837, at Carthage, 
Ohio, Miss Rhoda A. Ogden. 

Martin Galliher, after coming to Muncie 
in 1840, opened a store, first where Baldwin's 
grocery now is, and later where Duck Everett's 
restaurant now stands. He built the three 
rooms from the alley west, and of these the 
first is still in the family. He continued in 
the goods business about nineteen years, and 
eleven years of that period were employed 
packing pork, having his packing house on 
Jackson street, on the present site of Ira Tur- 
ner's saloon. In this traffic he hauled pork 
to Cincinnati on wagons, and hauled back his 
goods for sale in Muncie. He retired from 
mercantile pursuits in 1852, and retired to his 
farm, and up to within ten years of his death 
devoted his attention and industry to develop- 
ing his agricultural interests, in which he was 
as successful as he had been in his mercantile 
affairs. He at one time owned all the land 
from Bee line to Ohmer avenue, between 
Madison street and Macedonia avenue, between 
the railroad and Williard, made four addi- 
tions to the city of Muncie, and afterward 

bought 100 acres south, making in all, before 
selling the Galliher sub-division, 340 acres, 
also 10 acres south. In politics Mr. Galliher 
was a democrat and a co-worker with Adam 
Wolf and Henry Wysor, and was a frequent 
delegate to both county and state conventions. 
In his religious faith he was a Baptist, and 
his wife was the first actual Baptist in Muncie. 
He joined the church in September, 1859, and 
was a faithful member until his death, June 29, 
1887, and was very liberal in donations to- 
ward erecting the Baptist church edifice. He 
was one of the charter members of the first 
Odd Fellows' lodge in Muncie, but was non- 
affiliating during the .later years of his life. 
In his death Muncie never lost a more useful 
citizen, a more enterprising merchant, or a 
more charitable man. His surviving children, 
who live to do honor to his name, are four in 
number, and are Martin Jerome, Susan Zon- 
netta, Ida G. and Charles W. , of whom fur- 
ther mention will be made elsewhere in these 
pages. Six other children were taken away 
in infancy. 

Mrs. Rhoda A. Galliher was the daughter 
of Samuel and Mary (Parnell) Ogden born at 
Cedarville, New Jersey, January 29, 1814. At 
the age of fifteen she was converted and joined 
the Baptist church at Roadstown, New Jersey. 
In the year 1 834, before the advent of railroads, 
she emigrated to southern Ohio, and Septem- 
ber 3, 1837, at Carthage, Ohio, she was mar- 
ried to Martin Galliher, then engaged in con- 
tracting and building streets and turnpikes in 
Ohio and Kentucky. In the year 1840, she 
came with her husband to Muncie, Ind., 
then only a hamlet of a few hundred 
inhabitants. Here Mrs. Galliher became a 
positive and potential factor, in promoting and 
building up the religious interests of the town. 
Being among the earliest of her denomination 
to settle here, her home was the nucleus of 
the first Baptist Missionary efforts to plant a 





church in this community. After nearly a 
score of years, in the year 1859, a little band 
of twelve believers, of which she was one, 
effected a church organization, and from that 
time forth she and her worthy husband were its 
most devoted members and stanch supporters. 
They gave material aid in erecting the old 
church on Jackson street, and her munificent 
contributions to the new church, made its 
erection a possibility. She further contrib- 
uted a beautiful memorial window, and made 
provision for the pastor's salary for the next 
ten years. 

The closing years of her life witnessed no 
diminution of her interest in the Master's 
work. Feeling a profound interest in the 
religious welfare of our industrial classes, she, 
with her devoted daughter, Mrs. Ida G. Rea, 
who contributed the site, and without materi- 
al help from others, built Calvary Chapel, a 
mission church in that suburb of Muncie, 
known as Industry. Thus, with the benedic- 
tion of a useful life, of nearly four score years, 
service in the Master's Vineyard, she passed 
from this life, July 31, 1893, in the blessed 
hope of a glorious immortality beyond the 

of Martin and Rhoda A. Galliher, 
is a native of Muncie, Delaware 
county, Ind. , and was born Febru- 
ary 15, 1847. At the age of eleven he went 
on his father's farm of 160 acres, which the 
elder Mr. Galliher had first become possessed 
of in 1852, but which, in 1858, had been but 
partially cleared, and improved with a log 
cabin and a barn, and this tract Martin J. 
assisted in clearing up, and also a tract of 
eighty acres to the east, on which are now lo- 
cated Ball's glass factory and nail works. 

Here he was engaged in farming until the 
discovery of natural gas, when, in April, 1887, 
217 acres were sold to the Heekin syndicate, 
there being only twenty-three acres retained 
for the family and known as Galliher's reserve. 
This was sub-divided among Mr. Galliher and 
his two sisters, Mrs. Rea and Mrs. Nutting. 
Mr. Galliher has been living in retirement for 
a number of years, in the enjoyment of the 
society of his family. 

His marriage took place, in this county, 
September 24, 1872, to Miss Caroline Moore, 
daughter of Parker Moore, and to this happy 
union have been born four children, viz: Er- 
nest J., Edward M., Homer (deceased at two 
years) and Adelbert. Mr. Galliher has been 
a member of the Baptist church for twenty 
years or more, is a trustee, and was a member 
of the building committee when the new 
church edifice was in course of construction. 
Mr. Galliher has proven himself to be the 
worthy son of a worthy sire, and his walk has 
been through life such as to show that he is 
conscious that he does not live for himself 

IDA (GALLIHER) REA, daughter of 
Martin and Rhoda A. Galliher,. was 
born on the Galliher homestead at 
Muncie, Ind., April 24, 1856, gradu- 
ated from the high school in 1872, and was 
married, July 3, 1878, to Dr. George N. Rea, 
of New Castle, Ind. Dr. Rea was born at 
Louisville, near New Castle, Henry county, 
Ind., in 1852, and graduated from the Ohio 
Medical college in Cincinnati, in 1878. He 
practiced medicine with great success at New 
Castle and Ft. Wayne until his death, Febru- 
ary 19, 1885, when his mortal remains were 
laid to rest at New Castle. To the marriage 
of Mr. and Mrs. Rea were born three children. 



viz: Clarence G., Rhoda O., and Martin J., 
the latter having died at the age of sixteen 
months. On the death of her husband, Mrs. 
Rea hastened and ministered with loving hands 
to both her father and mother in their last 

•^^^ NUTTING, daughter of Martin and 

^^ J Rhoda A. Galliher, was born in June, 
1850, opposite the court house, on 
Main street, Muncie, Ind. , and was but two 
years of age when taken by her parents to live 
on the home farm, now within the city limits, 
and then the best in Muncie. She graduated 
from the high school in 1 869, made a travehng 
tour with her father, and in June, 1873, was 
married to Edward Nutting, who was born at 
Evesham, England, within nine miles of Lon- 
don, in 1847, but who, when a young man, 
came to the United States, and to Muncie in 
1872. He had landed in New York city with 
three dollars in his pockets, but he had learned 
carpentering in England, was an expert stair 
builder and architect, having been entrusted 
with the supervision of the new Wysor Grand 
opera house here, and is now engaged in de- 
signing and contracting. To the union of Mr. 
and Mrs. Nutting have been born six children, 
Earl Galliher, Esther Louise, Carl Edward 
and Eugene, living ; two, Rhoda Alice, aged 
two years and eight months, and Beatrice, 
aged fourteen months, were taken away within 
twelve days of each other, dying from scarlet 

aHARLES W. GALLIHER, theyoung- 
est member of the family of Martin 
and Rhoda Galliher, was born Oct- 
ober 26, 1864. He was educated at 
the Muncie schools until within one year of 

graduation, when he entered the carriage fac- 
tory of J. B. McFarland, of Connersville, for 
the purpose of learning the trade of carriage 
painting. After an apprenticesnip of two 
years at this business, he became a traveling 
salesman for the Chicago Eagle Rubber works, 
and passed some months in their employ; 
then he visited southern Indiana and passed a 
year and a half, at the end of which time he 
returned to Muncie. In March, 1888, on the 
opening of the Boston store in this city, he 
took charge of its carpet department, and, 
being an accomplished salesman, he has 
retained the position ever since. Mr. Galliher 
was married June 28, 1888, at Rushville, Ind., 
to Miss Mary E. Boyer, daughter of the late 
Rev. Henry Boyer and Amanda (Griffin) 
Boyer. He is a member of the order of 
Knights of Pythias and of the Knights of Mac- 
cabees, and is held in high esteem by the citi- 
zens of Muncie generally. 

>^EREMIAH GARRARD, a prominent 
m real estate dealer of Muncie, is a na- 
A 1 tive of Ohio, born in the county of 
Warren, January 29, 1S45. His father, 
Harvey Garrard, was the son of John and 
Mary (Kirby) Garrard, who emigrated to Ohio 
from their native state, Pennsylvania, and 
settled in Warren county shortly after their 
marriage. Harvey Garrard was born March 
22, 1812, and grew to manhood on a farm. 
At the age of twenty-two, he married Hannah 
Gustin, daughter of Samuel Gustin of Warren 
county, Ohio, and engaged in farming for him- 
self, which calling he followed in his native 
state until his removal to Delaware county, 
Ind., in the year 1857. He settled in Union 
township, where he resided until 1874, at 
which time, he retired to the village of Royer- 
ton, where his death subsequently occurred. 



Harvey Garrard was a man of great industry 
and energy, was a republican, and for fifty 
years belonged to the Christian church, of 
which his good wife was also a faithful mem- 
ber. Harvey and Hannah Garrard were the 
parents of ten children, namely; Huston, 
Amelia, George, Mary, Joseph, Jeremiah, 
Clara, Sarah, Emma and an infant (deceased.) 
Of these, Huston and Mary are deceased. 

Jeremiah Garrard came to Delaware coun- 
ty with his parents at the age of twelve years 
and was reared on a farm near the village of 
Shindler, attending the common schools at 
intervals during his minority. In January, 
1864, he enlisted in company C, Twenty-first 
regiment. First Indiana heavy artillery, army 
of the Gulf, under Gen. Canby, who was after- 
ward killed by the Modoc Indians in Oregon. 
Mr. Garrard participated with his company in 
all the battles in which it was engaged, and 
bore the hardships of camp life until mustered 
out, January 10, 1866, at Baton Rouge, La., 
and on the 21st day of the same month was 
honorably discharged at Indianapolis, Ind. 
Mr. Garrard returned to Delaware county, and 
for some time thereafter attended school for 
the purpose of preparing himself for teaching, 
but he never saw fit to engage in that profes- 
sion. On quitting school, he was united in 
marriage to Miss Savanna Green, daughter of 
Dr. A. J. and Massy (Johnson) Green, of Dela- 
ware county, after which he rented a farm in 
Hamilton township and followed agricultural 
pursuits for three years. In the fall of 1872, 
he engaged in merchandising at the town of 
Royerton in partnership with his father-in-law, 
and carried on a successful trade until 1880, 
in the meantime serving as postmaster of the 
town for six or seven years. He next engaged 
in the furniture and undertaking business at 
Muncie with W. K. Wright, under the firm 
name of Wright & Garrard, which partnership 
was continued very successfully for four years. 

Mr Garrard then became interested with John 
K. Ritter, of Muncie, in the manufacture of bed 
lounges, mattresses, etc., for nearly two years, 
and then became a partner with I. T. Lake in 
the general furniture business for three years, 
and then sold out and engaged in the real es- 
tate and loan business, in partnership with 
John A. Keener. The firm of Keener & Gar- 
rard has done a very extensive business in 
Muncie and Delaware county, and also oper- 
ates to a considerable extent in other parts of 
the state. Mr. Garrard is a substantial citi- 
zen, quiet and unostentatious, and is very 
popular with those with whom he has business 
or other relations. He is an earnest supporter 
of the republican party, and for twenty-five 
years has been a consistent member of the 
Christain church. He is prominently identi- 
fied with several fraternities, belonging to the 
G. A. R., I. O. O. F., K. of P. and I. O. R. M. 
He belongs to the uniform rank of the Pythian 
order, takes an active interest in the branch of 
the fraternity known as the Pythian Sisters, 
and also belongs to the Rebecca degree in 
Odd Fellowship. 

EENRY N. GATES, harness maker, ol 
Muncie, Ind., is a native of York 
county, Pa., born August 4, 1845, 
and is a son of John and Mary (Nay- 
lor) Gates, who were of Pennsylvania German 
e.xtraction, residents of Little York, and who 
reared a family of six boys and six girls, nine 
of whom are still living, although the parents 
are now deceased. Henry N., at the age of 
ten, was tajcen to Cumberland county, Pa., 
and placed ^n a farm, on which he lived, at- 
tending schbol meanwhile and learning har- 
ness making, until the civil war broke out, 
when he enlisted, in June, 1862, in the Twen- 
tieth Pennsylvania cavalry, company A, at 



Mechanicsburg, being then not seventeen years 
of age. At the expiration of his term of six 
months he re-enlisted for three years and 
served until the close of the war. During his 
first term he served under Gens. Couch and 
Hunter, and fought at Piedmont and in vari- 
ous skirmishes. On veteranizing in January, 
1863, he was assigned to the consolidated 
Twentieth and Twenty-second Pennsylvania 
cavalry, which was designated the First Pro- 
visional, under Gen. Philip Sheridan, first divis- 
ion, second brigade, sixth armycorps,and 1863- 
64-65, serving at Gettysburg, Lynchburg, 
Ashby's Gap (near which place he was cap- 
tured, in Loudoun valley), Cold Harbor, second 
Fredericksburg and Winchester. At the latter 
place, with thirty others, he was again cap- 
tured and taken to Lynchburg, Danville, An- 
dersonville and Libby prison, and in all was con- 
fined eight months and three days, during 
which time Mr. Gates was reduced from 1 50 
to ninety-six pounds in weight. At Richmond 
he was out on parole thirty days, and in 
March, 1865, was released, receiving an hon- 
orable discharge from the service July 13, 
1865. Returning to Mechanicsburg, he fin- 
ished learning the trade of harness making, 
worked as journeyman until 1868, and then 
moved to Columbiana, Ohio, where he worked 
fifteen years. In 1883 he went to Indianapo- 
lis, worked at his trade three years, and then 
came to Muncie, and from 1886 until August, 
1 890, was foreman for Stuckey & Co. , and was 
also with Wachtell & Son until J. C. Cun- 
ningham opened his store, when he worked 
for that gentleman one year and ten months, 
then at the old Stuckey stand for seven months, 
when he bought out Mr. Cunningham in De- 
cember, 1892, and has since been the proprie- 
tor of the oldest harness shop in Muncie, on 
the west side of the court house, square, carry- 
ing the largest and best assorted stock of har- 
ness and saddlery, turf goods, etc. , in the city. 

The marriage of Mr. Gates took place at 
Columbiana, Ohio, October 25, 1871, to Miss 
Mary E. , daughter of Samuel and Esther 
(Brown) Sheets, and to this union were born 
three sons, viz: Robert Egbert, boiler maker, 
aged twenty-one years; William Ralph, aged 
seventeen, learning harness making with his 
father, and John Samuel, aged thirteen, at 
school in Orville, Ohio. The mother of these 
children was called away March 27, 1893, at 
the age of forty-two, and was sadly missed by 
her sorrowing family. Mr. Gates is a member 
of the Masonic fraternity, but is no longer an 
affiliating brother, but he still retains his con- 
nection with the G. A. R. He is highly re- 
spected by the community, and is regarded as 
one of Muncie's most useful citizens. 

>T^OSEPH A. GODDARD, prominent 
m among the active business men of 
A 1 Muncie, was born in Cleveland, Ohio, 
December 19, 1840, and is a son of 
John H. and Ann (Wilson) Goddard. He 
was reared in and near the above city until 
his seventeenth year, attended the public 
schools, in which he obtained a practical edu- 
cation, and attained his majority well equip- 
ped to do battle with the world. On leaving 
the parental roof he went to Cincinnati, in 
which city he found employment in the 
grocery business, and, with the exception of 
the time spent in the army, continued there 
until the year 1874. In 1862, with thousands 
of other young men who responded to the 
country's call for volunteers, Mr. Goddard 
entered the army, enlisting in company M, 
Fourth Ohio cavalry, with which he served 
for a period of six months, when he was as- 
signed to company D, of the same regiment, 
with the rank of second lieutenant. Later he 
was promoted captain of the. company, be- 








^.^ ^ 


- M 






coming; quarter master on the staff of Gen. 
W. L. Elliott, and later on the staff of Major 
Gen. W. H. Wilson. He was with his com- 
mand in several battles of the rebellion, 
among which were Chickamauga and Nash- 
ville, and served in the army of the Cumber- 
land, taking an active part in many of the en- 
gagements of the southwestern campaign. 
At the close of the war he returned to Cincin- 
nati and took service with his former employers, 
later becoming a commercial traveler for the 
firm, and was thus engaged until his removal 
to Indiana in 1874. On locating in Muncie, 
Mr. Goddard engaged in the grocery business 
with Mr. B. R. Adamson, which partnership 
continued until 1880, when the firm dissolved, 
Mr. Goddard, at that date, engaging exclusive- 
ly in the wholesale trade and eventually be- 
coming one of the leading jobbers in Indiana. 
He has now an extensive and lucrative busi- 
ness, which is constantly increasing and re- 
quires the services of three traveling salesmen, 
the house supplying the trade in many of the 
counties of eastern Indiana, besides being 
very extensively patronized by all the grocery 
establishments of Muncie. Mr. Goddard is a 
self-made man in all that term implies, and 
his present high standing in commercial circles 
has been attained by his own unaided efforts. 
He possesses business qualifications of a high 
order, his integrity and honor have never been 
questioned, and his fair and upright dealings 
have borne legitimate fruits in the large busi- 
ness which has made his name popular among 
the representative men of Muncie. 

Mr. Goddard was one of the organizers of 
the Citizens' Enterprise company, and for the 
past seven years has held the responsible po- 
sition of president of the Muncie school board. 
Politically he is a republican. In 1866 Mr. 
Goddard was united in marriage to Miss Mary 
Hough, daughter of William Hough, of Wayne 
county, Ind., to which union three children 

have been born, namely: William H., Grace 
and Annie — the last named being the wife of 
Mr. C. M. Rich. Mr. Goddard and family 
are prominent and consistent members of the 
Friend's society in Muncie, in the organization 
of which he was a leading spirit, and in which 
he now holds the position of elder. While 
his standing in the commercial world is that of 
a first-class business man, sound in judgment 
and wise in counsel, he also possesses in a 
generous degree the confidence of the public, 
and all movements having for their object the 
moral and educational welfare of the com- 
munity, find in him a liberal patron and gen- 
erous benefactor. 

Vj'OSEPH MILTON GRAY, the effi- 
m cient manager of the Muncie Casket 
A 1 company, is a native of Delaware 
county, Ind., born November 22, 1854, 
on a farm in Salem township. His father, 
James M. Gray, was born in Tennessee in 
Januar}-, 1S29, went to Ohio when a youth, 
and became a resident of Delaware county, 
Ind., in early manhood, locating in the town- 
ship of Salem, where he carried on farming 
for several years. Later he embarked in the 
mercantile business at Daleville, where he car- 
ried on a fairly successful trade for twenty- 
eight years, removing, at the end of that time, 
to the city of Anderson, where he engaged in 
the sale of buggies and carriages. His first 
marriage was consummated with Elizabeth 
Shoemaker, of Salem township, who died 
November 20, 1866, the mother of seven chil- 
dren — two sons and five daughters — Joseph 
M. being the third in order of birth. Mr. 
Gray's second marriage took place in the year 
1868 with Mrs. Mary A. McClanahan, widow 
of the late Elijah McClanahan, the union re- 
sulting in two children — a son and a daughter 



— the latter dying in infancy. For a number of 
years James M. Gray has been a leading mem- 
ber of the Christian church, and a prominent 
Mason. He met with encouraging success in 
his various business ventures, but suffered 
severe financial reverses during the panic of 

Joseph M. Gray first attended the district 
schools, and after the removal of his parents 
to Daleville became a pupil in the school of 
that village, obtaining thereby a fair English 
education. After the death of his mother, 
which occurred when he was twelve years old, 
he went to live with his uncle, P. M. Rudy, 
whose house was his home for about two years, 
or until his father's second marriage, when he 
returned to the village of Daleville and entered 
his father's store. At the age of nineteen he 
purchased an interest in the business, which 
from that time until the fall of 1881 was car- 
ried on very successfully under the firm name 
of J. M. Gray & Son, the latter retiring at 
that date, and effecting a co-partnership in the 
general mercantile and grain business with his 
two uncles, J. P. and S. B. Shoemaker, under 
the firm name of Shoemaker, Gray & Co. 
The relationship thus constituted lasted about 
nine years, at the end of which time Mr. Gray 
disposed of his interest, and with J. P. Shoe- 
maker purchased a controlling interest in the 
Muncie Casket works, of which he was made 
secretary. Subsequently he assumed general 
management of the concern, a position he still 
ret^iins, and under his able supervision the 
volume^ of business has been greatly increased, 
being over one hundred per cent, in excess of 
what was done when Mr. Gray became a part- 
ner. Mr. Gray has met with the most flatter- 
ing success in his various enterprises, and his 
judgment is seldom wrong in matters of busi- 
ness policy. He possessess rare executive 
abilities, is prompt and methodical in the 
management of his affairs, not given to specu- 

lation, being satisfied with legitimate gains; in 
short, he possesses those correct business 
principles which when directed and controlled 
by good judgment, seldom fail of insuring suc- 

Mr. Gray was married June 24, 1877, to 
Miss Jennettia Griffis, daughter of Robert 
Griffis, an old and prominent physician of 
Middletown, Henry county; two children re- 
sulted from this union: Owen Leslie, who 
died at the age of twenty-two months, and 
Myron Herbert, a bright boy of twelve, 
whose birth occurred on the 7th day of Sep- 
tember, 1 88 1. Mr. Gray has been a life- 
long republican, but his ambition has never 
run in the direction of seeking office, never 
having been a candidate for any position. He 
is a member of the Improved Order of Red 
Men and the order of Maccabees, and for some 
years has been a prominent Odd Fellow. He 
became identified with the Christian church in 
1870, since which date his life has been a 
practical exemplification of his religious pro- 

^^>^ FORGE R. GREEN, M. D., the 
■ ^\ well known physician whose name 
\^F introduces this sketch, is one of the 
most skillful and experienced of the 
city of Muncie, where he has many brother 
practitioners. He was born in Hamilton 
township, Delaware county, Ind., October 15, 
1 85 1, a son of Andrew J. and Massy (Johnson) 
Green, and a grandson of William Green, who 
was a native of New York and of English 
descent. William Green in an early day 
moved from from New York to Ohio, and 
from that state to Delaware county, Ind., 
where he purchased a tract of land in Niles 
township, being among the earliest pioneers 
of that section. Andrew J. Green was born 
in Athens county, Ohio, and accompanied his 




parents to Delaware county, Ind., when a 
child, and was here reared and educated. Af- 
ter attaining his majority he engaged in teach- 
ing school and also preached in the Christian 
church, later practicing medicine and continu- 
ing the latter profession for many j'ears. He 
was a man of many gifts, mainly self-educated, 
and proved his business acumen by the enter- 
ing of a tract of land in Hamilton township, 
which he cleared and made very valuable. 
His death occurred January 5, 1885, his wife 
still surviving him and residing in the city of 
Muncie. She was a North Carolinian by birth, 
and a daughter of James Johnson, who was an 
early settler of Wayne county. 

Dr George R. Green was reared in Ham- 
ilton township, received his literary education 
in the high school of Muncie, and after leaving 
school engaged in teaching for three years, 
read law for one year, and then began the 
study of medicine under his father. Subse- 
quently, in 1877, he graduated from the col- 
lege of Physicians and Surgeons, and the year 
following received an ad eundem degree from 
the Medical college of Indiana. He was a 
very bright and intelligent student, and during 
his course was selected from the class to be 
assistant to the demonstrator of anatomy, and 
graduated with high honors. Actuated by a 
commendable desire to excel in his profession, 
the doctor has since supplemented his medical 
education by a post-graduate course in the 
New York Polyclinic, and has also taken pri- 
vate instructions in gynecology at New York. 
Dr. Green began his medical practice in Roy- 
erton, Ind., but in June, 1885, came to 
Muncie, where he has since enjoyed an excel- 
lent and remunerative practice in Delaware 
and adjoining counties. He is a member of 
the Delaware County Medical society, the Del- 
aware District society, and the Indiana State 
Medical society, in the deliberations of which 
bodies he has taken an active and prominent 

part. He has served as president of the 
County Medical society, and is also a member 
of the American Medical association. Frater- 
nally he has connected himself with the 
Masonic fraternity, K. of P. and the A. O. U. 
W. , and politically is a republican. Dr. 
Green is a married man, his marriage to Miss 
Mary E. Monroe, daughter of Hugh Monroe, 
of Ohio, having taken place in 1871, and 
three children, Dwight, Earl and Bessie, with 
Mrs. Green, comprise the pleasant family. 
They are all valued members of the Presby- 
terian church, in which body the doctor is an 

— The following sketch of this most 
estimable gentleman was published 
at the time of his decease, in the local 
press of Muncie. George Washington Greene 
was born in White Hall, Washington county, 
N. Y. , October 6, 1829, and died at his resi- 
dence in Muncie, Ind., June 30, 1887. Mr. 
Greene was one of the early settlers of Muncie. 
His mother, whose maiden name was Char- 
lotte Gilbert, was a sister to Goldsmith C, 
William and Edmund Gilbert, who were 
among the pioneers of Muncietown. She was 
first married at her home in New York to Mr. 
Fuller, who died there, and subsequently she 
was united in marriage to George W. Greene, 
father of the subject of this sketch. 

Mr. and Mrs. Greene and their family, con- 
sisting of three children, came to Muncietown 
in 1830 and settled on the southeast corner of 
Walnut and North streets, where the father 
afterward died. Charles H. Greene, a third 
son, was born about six weeks after his 
father's death. Mrs. Greene was afterward, 
November 5, 1837, married to William S. 
Collins, and the family then moved to what 
has since been known as the "Kirby Pasture 



land," on the Middletown pike After the 
mother's death the family was broken up, the 
children going to different parts of the country, 
George W. , or "Wash" as he was familiarly 
called, being taken into the family of his uncle. 
Goldsmith C. Gilbert, with whom he lived un- 
til that gentleman's death in 1844, when he 
began working as a farm laborer in the north- 
ern part of the county. He did not remain 
long in the country, however, but soon came 
to Muncie and served an apprenticeship at the 
tailor's trade under William Perkins, whose 
shop stood on the ground now occupied by 
the Little block. He took charge of the busi- 
ness when he had "served his time," and, 
carried on tailoring until he entered the army. 
After his return from the war he was elected 
clerk of Delaware county circuit court in 1 866, 
and entered upon the discharge of his official 
duties August 23, of the following year. He 
was re-elected and held the office until August 
23, 1875, when he retired with the record of 
honorable service, having earned the reputa- 
tion of an honest and efficient officer. After 
his retirement from office he engaged in no 
active business, but occupied his time in look- 
ing after his property and managing his farm. 
Mr. Greene was married to Miss Nancy H. 
Fleming on October 6, 1851 ; she died in Mun- 
cie, December 13, 1857, aged twenty-eight 
years, three months and twenty-three days. 
The first child, George, died at the age of 
about six months. Their second and last 
child, Ella, wife of H. B. Athey, survives her 
father, and her only child bears his name, 
Georgie G. 

By no means the least interesting part of 
the life of George W. Greene is his career as a 
soldier. He enlisted in company E, Nine- 
teenth Indiana volunteers, July 29, 1861, and 
immediately thereafter was commissioned first 
lieutenant. Upon the honorable discharge of 
Capt. Luther B. Wilson, Lieutenant Greene 

was promoted captain of the company, and 
was at the head of his men when taken prison- 
er at the battle of Gettysburg on the first day 
of that memorable fight, July i, 1863. He 
was first taken to Libby prison, where he was 
confined for ten months, and was one of the 
daring fellows who, with Col. A. D. Streight 
of Indianapolis, tunneled a way out of the 
horrible prison pen and made their escape. 
Unfortunately, Capt. Greene was recaptured 
and returned to prison. He was then con- 
fined in Danville, Macon, and Charleston 
rebel prisons until March 12, 1865, at which 
time, he was paroled prisoner of war, and dis- 
charged at Washington, D. C. After long 
confinement in these prison pens in the south 
he became very much reduced in body and 
spirit, and was very sick and unable to walk. 
Capt. Greene never fully recovered from the 
effects of his twenty months' starvation and 
prison life, and suffered constantly, some- 
times severely, with rheumatism and bone 
fever, and his death was caused by general 
wearing out of a debilitated body. Mr. Greene 
was a good and faithful soldier, a brave and 
efficient officer, a generous and faithful friend, 
and a citizen in whom the people of Muncie 
and Delaware county placed the most implicit 
confidence. He was known and respected 
throughout Delaware county, and in his death 
all who knew him realized that they had lost 
a friend. 

t>^ ALPH S. GREGORY was born in 
1^^ Delaware county, Ind., February 28, 
I^P 1846. He lived upon a farm until 
fifteen years old, when he entered 
the high school at Muncie, Ind. After com- 
pleting the course of study there he entered 
Wabash college, where he continued his 
studies until 1862, when he entered the army 
as a private soldier in company B, Eighty- 





fourth Indiana volunteer infantry. He remained 
in the army about two years, when, on account 
of faihng health, he was honorably discharged 
at Shellmound, Tenn., having attained the 
rank of orderly sergeant. On returning home, 
having regained his health, he again entered 
Wabash college and remained there through 
the junior year. He then entered Asbury 
university, now Depauw university, where he 
graduated with honors in the class of 1867. 
The year following his graduation he was 
superintendent of the high school of the city 
of Huntington, Ind. He studied law and was 
admitted to the bar in 1 869, and has since 
continued the practice of that profession. His 
practice in both the civil and criminal courts 
has been successful and lucrative. He has 
won an enviable reputation for himself as an 
advocate, and is known throughout the state. 
He has won especial distinction in the prac- 
tice of the criminal law. He has a large 
library of the best text books and law reports, 
in addition to which he has a private library 
composed of the choicest works on history, art 
and literature. He belongs to many of the 
leading secret and fraternal societies, such as 
the Masons, Knights Templar, Knights of 
Pythias, and the Improved Order of Red Men, 
and has held many of the great offices in these 
societies, and especially in that of the Im- 
proved Order of Red Men, in which order he 
has been the great Incohonee, which is the 
chief officer of the order in the world. He is a 
close observer of men and things, and per- 
haps no one in Delaware county has a wider 
and more intimate acquaintance with the peo- 
ple of the state than he. He has always been 
a republican since his majority, except in the 
campaign of 1892, when his study of the 
tariff, and the attitude of certain leading 
statesman on the subject of bi-metalism, or 
the coinage of gold and silver as money upon 
a parity and equality, compelled him to with- 

hold his political influence from the success of 
the republican candidates. He is a firm be- 
liever in bi-metalism, and recognizes that 
silver money has been the established friend of 
the people, and that without its use as money 
the masses must necessarily be at a disadvan- 
tage with the rich or the security holders. 
He believes the McKinley bill as constructed 
was, and is, the most ingeniously prepared 
personal legislation that was ever devised by 
man. He is not a free trader, but believes in 
such a tariff as will sufficiently raise revenues 
to maintain the government, and that that 
tariff should be so placed as to protect labor 
and the industries in the true spirit of Ameri- 
can independenoe. 

Mr. Gregory has a wife and two children, 
Walter Leon, and Florence Madden Gregory. 
Mrs. Anna C. Gregory, the mother of these, 
was born at Piqua, Ohio, in 1863, a daughter 
of Timothy C. Madden, of Irish parentage; 
was educated in her native city, and is highly 
accomplished in music. The pictures of his 
wife and children are in a group in this 
volume, on the opposite page from his own. 
He is cool in discussion and forms no dislike 
for any one who honestly entertains an opin- 
ion differing with his. 

\^'~\ F- GRIBBEN, the accommodating 
\f^\ ticket agent of the " Big 4" railroad 
JK^J company at Muncie, Ind., was born 
in Pittsburg, Pa., June 4, 1852, and 
there attended the public schools until sixteen 
years of age, subsequently taking a special 
course at book keeping in the high school, 
and also served an apprenticeship at iron 
molding at Union City, Ind., where his father 
was partner in the foundry of White, Gribben 
& Co., and served from 1868 to 1871, when 
he returned to Pittsburg and worked in the 



Westinghouse air brake works, at his chosen 
trade, and a year and a half later returned to 
Union City and took charge of the Wooley & 
Fischers Electric Light company's molding 
department for a year; worked three months 
in the freight office of the " Big 4" and was 
then transferred to Muncie and was baggage 
master for eight years, and in August, 1890, 
was appointed to his present position. During 
his residence in Union City he was city clerk 
for seven years, on the Ohio side, and was the 
first president of the Delaware county and 
Gray club, of Muncie, a democratic organiza- 
tion. He was married in Union City, in 1873, 
to Miss Laura J. Dill, daughter of John W. 
Dill, of Greenville, Ohio, and has two chil- 
dren — Pearl M., at home, and Perry A., an 
employe of the Kirby house. 

Andrew J. Gribben, father of the subject, 
B. F. Gribben, was born in Pennsylvania, 
in 18 1 8, and settled in Union City, Ind., in 
1 868, and engaged in the foundry and machine 
business until 1872. While not licensed a 
lawyer, he was well posted in legal matters, 
and during the last few years of his life was 
engaged in real estate transactions. He was 
mayor, justice of the peace, and president of 
the board of education at different times, and 
died in August, 1 890, honored by his fellow 
citizens as a useful member of society and as 
an upright man. He married Harriet A. 
Verner, and had born to him five children, 
viz: Mary A., wife of Charles A. Gould, of 
Pittsburg ; B. F. , whose name opens this 
sketch ; Perry, yardmaster at Anderson ; Belle, 
wife of Herman C. Scranton, of Union City ; 
and Lizzie M. , wife of James E. Folley, of 
Anderson. The mother is still living in Union 
City, aged sixty-four. 

B. F. Gribben has most successfully won 
his way through the world by his almost un- 
aided self-exertion, and much credit is due him 
for his perseverance. 

,>^ OSCOE C. GRIFFITH.— The busi- 
I ^^ ness interests of the city of Muncie, 
I j f Ind., are well represented by the le- 
gal profession, and the subject of the 
present sketch has done his share in promot- 
ing the various enterprises which have served 
to make this place known throughout the 
state. Roscoe C. Griffith was born December 
15, 1863, in Huntington, Ind., and is the son 
of William H. and Seraphina (Clark) Griffith. 
William H. Griffith was born in the same 
county and state, January 9, 1834, and was 
the son of Jesse Griffith, a native of Pennsyl- 
vania, and one of the pioneers of Huntington 
county. He helped to cut the first road from 
Huntington to Goshen, and was one of the 
first jurymen in the first court held in Hunt- 
ington. Politically he was a democrat and a 
man of great prominence at that time. Wil- 
liam H. Griffith, his son, was reared on the 
farm and subsequently learned the trade of 
baker, engaging in that business in South 
Charleston, Ohio, but afterward returned to 
Huntington county, Ind., where he followed 
his chosen calling for a number of years. He, 
too, was a member of the democratic party, 
as his father had been; also was a prominent 
Mason, and treasurer of his home lodge for 
many years. He reared a family of seven 
children, six of whom are yet living, as fol- 
lows: AdorahJ., wife of Frank H. Minnich, 
of Muncie; David M., of Huntington; Roscoe 
C, Leota S., at home; Charles E., of Muncie: 
and Clark C. 

Roscoe C. Griffith received his education 
in the schools of Huntington, graduating from 
the high school of that city in 1883, and in 
October of the same year entered the law 
department of the university of Michigan, at 
Ann Arbor, in which he completed the pre- 
scribed course, graduating in June, 1885, and 
receiving the degree of B. of L. He began 
the practice of his profession in Huntington, 


and in 1886 he was appointed deputy prose- 
cutor of that county, but resigned the office in 
March, 1888, to remove to Muncie, where he 
has since conducted a very successful legal 
business, and now is the attorney for the Mun- 
cie Savings & Loan association. In May, 
1890, Mr. Griffith was made manager of the 
Galliher sub-addition to the city, and filled 
that position until September, 1892, when he 
resigned it to engage in a general real estate 
business, and in February, 1889, became a 
partner in the insurance agency of Shipley & 
Wright. Fraternally, Mr. Griffith is a char- 
ter member of Muncie lodge. No. 38, Knights 
of Maccabees, being past commander in the 
same, and is also a member of the K. of P. 
Politically he is a democrat, and his counsels 
and advice are of value to the party. Mr. 
Griffith was married August 12, 1886, to Miss 
Clara L. Marson, daughter of John Marson, of 
Wayne county, Ind. Both he and wife are 
members of the First Baptist church. Mr. 
Griffith is one of the enterprising citizens of 
Muncie, progressive and active, and not only 
urges others to duty but sets the example, put- 
ting his own shoulder to the wheel. He is 
one of the organizers of the Citizens' Enter- 
prise company, and has devoted time and en- 
ergies to the success of that corporation, 
besides taking an active interest in all move- 
ments having for their object the moral and 
material welfare of his adopted city, with the 
growth and development of which he has 
been- so prominently identified. 

* w ^ ON. THOMAS S. GUTHRIE, a well 

l'^^ known and prominent citizen of Indi- 

l^^P ana, is a native of Ohio, born in 

Madison county, that state, August 

10, 1830, the son of John C. and Jency J. 

Guthrie, who emigrated to Ohio in the year 

1826 from Campbell county, Va. The family, 
although poor, had always been honorable and 
highly respected, and consisted of the parents, 
eleven sons and one daughter. At the time 
of their settlement in Madison county, the 
country was comparatively a wilderness — bear 
and deer were yet frequently seen, and game 
of all kind was found in great abundance. 
With his brothers, Thomas early engaged in 
agricultural labor and assisted in clearing up 
five farms — four in Ohio and one near Winter- 
set, Iowa, about the year 1849 or 1850. At 
the age of twenty-two, Mr. Guthrie found 
himself with but limited educational training, 
there being no school nearer than the town 
of Mechanicsburg, distant about nine miles 
from his home. This obstacle, however, did 
not deter him from carrying out his intention 
of receiving an education. Accordingly, he 
made arrangements to walk the distance on 
Monday mornings and return home on Friday 
evenings, and so well did he succeed in his 
studies, that in 1853 he received a certificate 
entitling him to teach in the public schools. 
His first effort in this direction was in the 
town of Carysville, Champaign county, Ohio, 
where he remained some months, teaching 
during the winter and working at manual 
labor during the summer season. He was 
ambitious to succeed, and during this period 
studied medicine, and later practiced to some 
extent at Millerstown, Ohio, during 1856-57, 
but did not long continue in that profession. 

On March i, 1856, he was married to Miss 
Mary A. Comer, and they had born to them a 
son, J. A., and twenty-two years later a 
daughter. Ruble. From early boyhood Mr. 
Guthrie had been religously inclined, and at 
the age of nineteen connected himself with 
the Methodist church, but sometime after- 
ward, his views having undergone a change, 
withdrew from that religious body and joined 
the Universalists in 1853, with which demomi- 



nation he has since been prominently identi- 
fied. He preached a sermon in Palestine, 
Shelby county, in 1854, but did not formally 
engage in the work of the ministry until 1858, 
at which time he was received into fellowship 
with the Ohio convention. Since that date 
he has served as pastor of Universalist churches 
in Eaton, Cleveland and Springfield, Ohio, 
and at Lafayette and Muncie, Ind., in the 
latter place filling the pulpit for a period of 
eleven years. As a preacher, Mr. Guthrie is 
eloquent and logical, and for years has been 
considered one of the ablest expounders of the 
peculiar doctrine of his denomination in cen- 
tral Indiana. He is a pleasing and popular 
orator, and for special occasions is frequently 
sent for at long distances, going to Cleveland, 
Ohio, Bloomington, 111., and other cities on 
such missions. As already stated, Mr. 
Guthrie's early educational advantages were 
somewhat hmited, and, feeling the need of 
more extended literary knowledge, he entered 
college at Canton, N. Y., in 1870, being at that 
time forty years of age, and made rapid and 
substantial progress in the various higher 
branches of learning. 

Mr. Guthrie at one time engaged in busi- 
ness, which, proving very successful, enabled 
him to accumulate a handsome competence, 
and he is now living in very comfortable cir- 
cumstances. At the breaking out of the great 
civil war he responded to his country's call 
for volunteers, and enHsted, dechning the po- 
sition of captain of his company, but ten days 
later was promoted chaplain and served in 
that capacity until the discharge of the regi- 
ment at the expiration of its term of service in 
1864. During his military career he partici- 
pated in a number of engagements, including 
the taking of Lexington, Va., battle of Cum- 
berland, and Hunter's defeat at Lynchburg, in 
the last of which he, with his comrades, endured 
great suffering. He was honorably discharged 

September 2, 1864, and has a military record 
of which he feels deservedly proud. He is a 
member of the Grand Army and of the Loyal 
Legion, and proudly wears a badge placed 
upon him by ex-Pres. Hayes, who was at that 
time commander of the Loyal Legion com- 

Inheriting the Virginia blood of his ances- 
tors, Mr. Guthrie grew up pro-slavery in name 
and a democrat, but at the early age of twelve 
years began to oppose the nefarious institu- 
tion of African servitude, which led to a com- 
plete change in his political convictions. He 
voted for John C. Fremont and for all suc- 
ceeding republican candidates for the presi- 
dency, and has contributed largely to the suc- 
cess of the republican party in nearly every 
local and general election for the last quarter 
of a century. Mr. Guthrie was elected a 
member of the Fifty-seventh general assembly 
of the state by a majority of 1,456. He fig- 
ured fairly in the legislative body. He intro- 
duced bills on free text books; to forbid the 
playing of base ball on Sunday; on local 
option; on fees and salary, and favored the 
bill that did pass, and labored to have it take 
effect at the publication of the laws. He also 
introduced a bill, the object of which was to 
prevent capital punishment. Mr. Guthrie is 
now permanently located in Muncie, and has 
been prominently identified with a number of 
its principal business interests, having been a 
charter member of the Economic Gas com- 
pany, the first co-operative gas company of 
the city. He takes pleasure in recalling the 
stirring scenes of the late war, is popular with 
the surviving comrades of company B, One 
Hundred Fifty-second Ohio volunteer infantry, 
and is a member of the G. A. R. Post at 
Springfield, Ohio. He is also prominent in 
Masonic circles, having taken a number of 
degrees, including that of Sir Knight, and 
belongs to the lodge meeting in Muncie. 


BRANK D. HAIMBAUGH, editor of 
the Muncie Herald, was born in Fair- 
field county, Ohio, in September, 
1856, and is a son of David and 
Margaret N. • (Leonard) Haimbaugh. The 
family came to Indiana, and located in Fulton 
county in 1863, and here he was thoroughly 
trained to the hard labor of tilling the soil, 
being the only boy in the family. 

Until seventeen years of age he pursued 
his studies in the common schools preparatory 
to teaching, and an attendance at the Roches- 
ter high school, from which he graduated in 
1878. In 1880 he completed the scientific 
course at the Western Indiana Normal school 
at Valparaiso, from which he also graduated. 
The five years following he was engaged in 
teaching, during four of which he was princi- 
pal of the Brookston (Ind.) Academy. In 
1885, without any solicitation on his part, the 
trustees of his native county, Fulton, elected 
him county superintendent of schools, and 
during his two years' incumbency of the office, 
through his capability and thoroughness, these 
schools were placed upon a very high plane. 

In 1887 he engaged in the life insurance 
busines in Iowa and Indiana, but, this voca- 
tion not proving congenial to his taste, he 
bought an interest in the Miami county (Ind.) 
Sentinel, in 1889. He did some very excel- 
lent editorial work on this journal until April, 
1 89 1, when he sold his interest, removed to 
Muncie and bought a half share in the Herald, 
of which paper he is now the editor. He soon 
made his mark as a strong, logical and fear- 
less writer, who never hesitates to express his 
conviction as to the right or wrong of any 
public question. He became very popular 
socially and politically, and in 1889 was elect- 
ed door-keeper of the Indiana house of repre- 
sentatives, and that popularity still clung to 
him, as, in 1891, he was again elected door- 
keeper, an honor never before conferred on 

any individual — that of being elected to the 
office for two consecutive terms. In 1893 he 
was elected, by a unanimous vote, secretar\ of 
the democratic editorial association of the 
state, showing the high esteem in which he is 
held by his fellow democratic journalists 
throughout the state. His acquaintance with 
the leading men of Indiana, especially with 
those of the democratic party, and his sound 
judgment in matters political, although not 
professing to be a politician, make him a 
valuable factor in party councils, and his voice 
is never unheeded. He is a strong tariff re- 
former, and is regarded as an eloquent politi- 
cal orator, as he handles his subject in the 
hustings with the ease and clearness that come 
from well-founded convictions. 

In May, 1890, Mr. Haimbaugh was united 
in marriage with Miss Emma Elginfritz, of 
Warsaw, Ind., the union being blessed with 
one child, Paul A., whose presence in the 
household adds sunshine to the already bright 
and happy home of the parents. Mr. Haim- 
baugh, it will be perceived, has raised himself 
to his present elavated position solely through 
his own talents and persevering industry. 

aALVIN HAINES, a successful busi- 
ness man of Muncie, was born in 
Clinton county, Ohio, September 5, 
1 841, son of Stacy and Judith Haines, 
an appropriate mention of whom is found else- 
where in this volume. Mr. Haines was reared 
on the home farm until his thirteenth year, 
and then removed, with his parents, to the 
village of Sligo, Ohio, where he attended 
school until eighteen years of age. On quit- 
ting school he apprenticed himself to a Mr. 
Andrews to learn the blacksmithing trade, at 
which he worked for a period of three years, 
or until August, 1862, when he entered the 



army, enlisting in company I, Seventy-ninth 
Ohio volunteer infantry, with which he served 
until the close of the war. He was with his 
command in the Tennessee and Georgia cam- 
paigns and participated in all the battles from 
Chattanooga to Atlanta, through all which he 
passed without receiving the slightest injury. 
At one time, he was confined to the hospital 
at Nashville on account of sickness, but re- 
covered in time to take part in the great battle 
fought near that city which resulted in the de- 
struction of Hood's army. He was sent to 
Goldsborough, N. C, in 1865, and in June of 
that year was honorably discharged from the 
service at Washington, D. C. Returning 
home at the close of the war, Mr. Haines en- 
gaged in farming for two years, and then 
embarked in the grocery business, which he 
carried on with a reasonable degree of success 
until March, 1 869, at which time he disposed of 
his stock and moved to Muncie. 

On coming to this city he engaged in the dry 
goods trade until 1878, at which date he began 
handling feed, and also embarked in the ice 
trade, both of which lines he conducted until 
1884, and the former of which occupied his 
attention until 1891. In the latter year he 
disposed of his feed store and opened a meat 
market, which he conducted with success and 
financial profit until June, 1893. Mr. Haines 
has managed his various business enterprises 
with judicious care, and since becoming identi- 
fied with the commercial interests of Muncie, 
he has been recognized as one of the city's 
efficient and progressive citizens. He was 
married September 5, 1867, to Mary T. Har- 
vey, of Clinton county, Ohio, daughter of 
Simon and Ann (Townsend) Harvey, to which 
union three children have been born, namely: 
Walter H., a business man of Pueblo, Col; 
Harvey C, deceased; and Frank, who resides 
with his parents at home. Mr. and Mrs. 
Haines are consistent members of the Society 

of Friends; in politics Mr. Haines is a repub- 

^y^ AVID T. HAINES, one of the repre- 
I I sentative business men, and for many 
>^^_^ years a prominent citizen of Dela- 
ware county, is a native of Ohio and 
a member of an old Virginia family which 
settled in the "Buckeye" state before the 
dawn of the present century. John Haines, 
the grandfather of David T. , was born in Vir- 
ginia August 15, 1769, and married in Freder- 
ick county, W. Va. , December 4, 1792, Eliza- 
beth Allen, whose birth occurred on the lOth 
day of May, 1768. Shortly after marriage 
they moved to Warren county, Ohio, and set- 
tled in Wayneville, where he built the first 
mill in that part of the state, which began 
operations in 1797. Subsequently, he dis- 
posed of the mill and moved to Greene county, 
Ohio, entered a tract of land in the vicinity of 
Xenia, cleared a farm and reared a family of 
nine children, eight of whom grew to years of 
maturity. He died in November, 1823, and 
was buried on the old home farm near Xenia, 
where an appropriate monument marks the 
place; his wife died in Highland county, Ohio. 
Stacy Haines, son of John Haines and father 
of David T., was born August 2, 1795, in 
Frederick county, Va. , and was united in mar- 
riage December 3, 1817, in Highland county, 
Ohio, to Judith Terrell, who became the 
mother of twelve children; David T. , Noah, 
Mary, Amos, Samuel T. , John, Sarah, Stacy 
A.,' Martha wife of John Moore; Judith A., 
wife of George Breckney; Edwin A. and Cal- 
vin. Of these children David T., Stacy, 
Martha, Judith, Edwin A., Calvin and Allen 
are still living. Stacy and Judith Haines 
were birthright members of the Society of 
Friends, to which both branches of the family 
have belonged for several generations. The 


father died October 5, 1854, and on the 6th day 
of January, 1861, the mother was called away. 
David T. Haines was born in Xc-nia, Ohio, 
October i, 1818. He was reared on tlie home 
farm in Ohio, and in the common schools 
received an education, which, supplemented 
by subsequent years of association with the 
world, has enabled him to transact the duties 
of an active business life. While still younp^. 
he was engaged in teaming to Cincinnati, 
Dayton and other points, and at the age of 
twenty years began learning the tratie of mill- 
ing in Clinton county, Ohio, in the mill pur- 
chased there by his father in 1838. He con- 
tinued the trade for twelve years, and in 1848 
he came to Muncie, Ind., where, until 1853, 
he was engaged in the wholesale and retail 
grocery business. To Mr. Haines is largely 
due the credit for the general system of inter- 
nal improvements which did so much towards 
developing central Indiana and Delaware 
county, and in locating the Fort Wayne & 
Southern railroad through this part of the 
state, of which company he was secretary from 
1853 until its failure in I855. He continued 
as custodian of the archi\-es, stocks, bonds 
and books of the company until 1868, when 
they were turned over to John C. Parker, who 
attempted to rebuild the road from Jefferson- 
ville to Muncie. After the failure of this proj- 
ect, he assisted in organizing the company 
that built the road from Fort Wayne to this 
city, now the Ft. W. , C. & L. , of which he 
was secretary and treasurer, and later became 
vice-president of the road until sold to Chas. 
H. Dalton and others. He was elected an 
official in 1868 of the company that construct- 
ed the road from Connersville to Fort Wayne, 
which was subsequently leased to the Cincin- 
nati railroad company, after which he became 
secretary and a director of the same line, since 
known as the Fort Wayne & Cincinnati road. 
He was one of the committee that bought the 

iron for the road and the first six engines that 
are still in use by the company. He contin- 
ued with the company until it disposed of its 
interest to a Boston syndicate, and retained 
his official connection until the road changed 
hands. Practically ]\Ir. Haines had personal 
charge of the construction of the road, and it 
was by his exertions alone, and careful man- 
agement; that the company was enabled to 
complete the work at the time specified, in 
order to receive the subsidy promised by the 
citizens of Muncie and Delaware and Wells 
counties. He was identified with the com- 
pany until the sale of the line in 1872, at 
which time he devoted his attention largely to 
the grain trade in Muncie and other points, 
and in 1867 began to speculate in Kansas real 
estate. In 1865 he began buying grain in 
Chicago, later extended his operations in this 
line to Cleveland, Ohio, and in 1875 became 
prominently identified with the Muncie 
Machine works, of which he was a director 
and of which he afterwards became general 
manager. In 1881 Mr. Haines moved to Kan- 
sas, where he remained until 1892, at which 
time he returned to Muncie. 

Mr. Haines was married October 10, 1841, 
to Deborah Sever, of Warren county, Ohio, 
where her birth occurred on the 1 7th day of 
October, 18 19; she bore her husband three 
children, namely: Elma, wife of A. G. F. 
Janes of Topeka, Kan ; Adelbert, of Kansas 
City, Mo., and Melvina, widow of Samuel C. 
Gregg. Mrs. Haines died in 1852, and De- 
cember 7, 1853, Mr. Haines was united in 
marriage with Elizabeth Dragoo, a daughter 
of William and Elizabeth (Crantz) Dragoo. 
Mrs. Haines is a native of West Virginia and 
dates her birth from May 19, 1827. To Mr. 
Haines' second marriage three children have 
been born: Elizabeth, wife of J. N. Smith; 
Allen, of this city, and David T. , a commission 
merchant in Kansas City, Mo. 



Mr. Haines is a man of the highest stand- 
ing in the community, and his reputation has 
been gained by a long course of honest and 
straightforward conduct. He was a member 
of the common council of Muncie for two 
terms, and is entitled to the honor of introdu- 
cing Odd Fellowship to the city — being a 
member of the original lodge organized here 
in 1849. He was the original proprietor of 
the National hotel, which he conducted three 
and one half years under the name of the 
Haines house, and it was by his capital that 
the building was erected. In his political 
affiliations Mr. Haines is a republican, and in 
religion is a member of the Society of Friends, 
to which denomination his wife and different 
members of the family belong. 

was one of the most successful agri- 
culturists and general business men 
of Centre township, Delaware county, 
Ind., and was born in Monongalia county, Va. 
(now West Va.), February 19, 1828, the son 
of Stephen and Elizabeth (McAbee) Hamilton. 
He was the youngest son in a family of eight 
children: Alvin, farmer near Lyndon, Kan.; 
Washington, deceased when a young man; 
Henry (see sketch of Milton Hamilton),' Selina, 
wife of Silas Bates, farmer near Jerseyville, 
111. ; Mary, first wife of William Walling, of 
Muncie; Thomas, deceased, was a farmer near 
Deepwater, Mo. ; Stephen, farmer of Centre 
township, and Archibald, whose name heads 
this sketch. Archibald was but two and a 
half years old when brought to Centre town- 
ship, where his father entered 160 acres of 
land, on which Archibald was reared, and of 
which he in due time became part proprietor 
with his father until the latter's death. After 
receiving a fair amount of schooling in his 

neighborhood, but a still larger amount of 
farm training, he started for the gold fields of 
California with a company, of which his father 
and brother, Stephen, were also members, 
and of which party Archibald was the youngest. 
Having been fairly successful in the mines, 
Archibald returned, in 185 i, and invested $800 
of his earnings in a part of the old homestead 
and engaged in raising and dealing in live 
stock, in which enterprise his brother, Henry, 
afterward became associated, and which they 
together carried on until some time in 1868, 
when the partnership was dissolved. Then 
Archibald bought out the other heirs to the 
home farm, which then comprised 404 acres, 
and took upon himself the care of his parents. 
For the last fifteen or eighteen years of his 
life, Mr. Hamilton rented out this property 
and other that he had accumulated, amount- 
to 600 acres of farm land and numerous valu- 
able town lots. 

In December, 1887, Mr. Hamilton was 
married to Miss Harriet Fleming. Her par- 
ents, Isaac and Amelia Fleming, were from 
Marion county. West Va. , and settled in 
Henry county, Ind., in 1855. The father 
died in 1857, leaving a widow and seven chil- 
dren. His remains were interred in the ceme- 
tery at Hillsboro, Ind. In 1865 the widow 
removed to Muncie, Ind. , where she ended her 
days in March, 1892, at the age of seventy- 
nine, leaving as her survivors one son and 
three daughters, viz: Hugh H. Fleming, whole- 
sale hardware merchant of Sedalia, Mo. ; 
Harriet, widow of Archibald Hamilton; Mrs. 
Amanda Coffeen, widow of Zelomir Coffeen, 
and Lydia, wife of George H. Andrews. Three 
children, deceased, were named David, Pres- 
ton and Charles. 

Archibald Hamilton was called from life 
July 5, 1890. He was a man of extraordinary 
business sagacity and yet of great tenderness 
of heart. His good qualities are summed up 



in the few sentences following: He was very 
liberal with the poor and afflicted; was never 
extortionate with his tenants, but always gen- 
erous in his benefactions to public enterprises 
of merit; he was possessed of remarkable 
financial ability and was a wonderful mental 
mathematician; he was lenient to an extreme 
with his debtors, and seldom made a forclos- 
ure, and was, in the full sense of the term, a 
large-hearted, sympathetic man. He was a 
lover of fine horses and always drove a good 
one, and his aesthetic tastes are exemplified 
in the remodeling of his late residence, now 
occupied by his amiable and ladj'like widow. 
His name will be remembered with gratitude 
by hundreds of recipients of his bounty, and 
his loss deplored by his famil}- till time to them 
shall cease. 

y'TX ILTON HAMILTON, commission 
■ I ■ salesman, sale and livery stable 
\^ £ ^ keeper, Muncie, is a native of Dela- 
ware county, Ind., born in Centre 
township, January 3, 1853. His father, Henry 
Hamilton, was a native of West Virginia and 
son of Stephen and Ann (McAbee) Hamilton, 
who were among the pioneers of Delaware 
county, settling, many years ago, about three 
miles north of Muncie, upon 380 acres of land 
purchased from the government. Henry Ham- 
ilton was but eleven years of age when he ac- 
companied his parents to this county, and he 
grew to manhood amid the stirring scenes of 
pioneer times. It is stated that he never knew 
the use of a shoe until after his eleventh year, 
and during his youth he bore his full share in 
contributing toward the support of the family 
in their new home in the woods. He received 
his educational training in the indifferent 
country schools of that period, and at the age 
of twenty-four went to Illinois and entered a 
tract of government land in HenrN' county, that 

state. \Mien thirty-two years old, he was 
united in marriage with Mary C. Cpe, daughter 
of William and Harriet Coe, of Indiana, and 
immediately thereafter disposed of his interest 
in Illinois, and, returning to Delaware county, 
settled on the old home farm, where he re- 
mained, a successful tiller of the soil, until his 
death, which occurred on the 17th day of 
March, 1884. His wife survived him nearly 
two years, departing this life in January, 1886. 
Henry and Mary C. Hamilton had a family of 
four children, namely: Milton, Millard F., 
William Harry and Carl E. Of the above, 
William Harry is deceased; Millard F. and 
Carl are at this time engaged in farming and 
real estate business in the new state of Wash- 

Milton Hamilton was reared on the home 
farm in Centre township and received his 
educational training in the district schools. 
He remained under the parental roof until his 
twentieth year, at which time, thinking to bet- 
ter his financial condition in the west, he went 
to the distant state of California, where for a 
period of seven years he was engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits in Sacramento valley, princi- 
pally in the counties of Butte and Napa. 
He met. with a fair degree of success as a 
farmer, and in 1879 went to Washington terri- 
tory, pre-empted land, and there he resided 
until his return to Delaware county in the 
spring of 1884. From the latter year until 
September, 1892, Mr Hamilton was engaged 
in farming the old homestead, and then effect- 
ed a copartnership with F. Karn in the com- 
mission, sale and livery business, which he 
has since carried on and in which his success 
has been very encouraging. Mr. Hamilton is 
well known in business circles in Muncie, and 
his financial standing is first class in every 
particular. His close attention to his various 
lines of business has been marked by careful 
forethought, and he has been enabled to accu- 


mulate thereby a handsome property, owning 
at this time a valuable farm of 320 acres, be- 
side other real estate in the city and county. 
He is a director and stockholder in the Farm- 
ers' National bank of Muncie, and the business 
firm with which he is at present identified is 
one of the leading establishments of the kind 
in the city. 

Mr. Hamilton was married in Puget Sound, 
Wash., December 8, 1885, to Hattie C, 
daughter of John and Hattie McArdle. This 
union has been crowned with the birth of three 
children, namely: Hazel, Henry C. , and 
Louise — the second child dying in infancy. 
Mr. Hamilton's political affiliations are with 
the republican party, but he has never been a 
partisan in the sense of seeking oiScial prefer- 

•^^^k* township, Delaware county, Ind., 
p^^y was born in Monongalia county, W. 
Va., December 27, 1825, the son of 
Stephen and Anna E. (McAbee) Hamilton, 
natives, respectively, of Pennsylvania and 
Maryland. After their marriage Stephen and 
Anna Hamilton settled in Monongalia county, 
W. Va., where they made their home until 
the fall of 1830, at which time they moved to 
Delaware county, Ind., locating on what is 
now the Granville turnpike. Centre township, 
where they purchased from the government 
240 acres of land. To this Mr. Hamilton 
subsequently added another tract of 140 acres, 
and began life in the backwoods. His first 
dwelling was a rude log structure, eighteen by 
twenty feet in dimensions, covered with a 
clap-board roof held to place by weight 
poles, the door made of clap boards fastened 
with wooden hinges, while light was admitted 
to the interior of the domicile through a 
window in which greased paper was used in- 

stead of glass. Mr. Hamilton, for some time 
after coming to the new country, supplied his 
table with the meat of deer, bear, wild turkey 
and other game, with which the forests at 
that time abounded. He acquired great skill 
with a rifle, and no wild animal upon which 
he drew his deadly aim was ever known to 
have escaped. He was one of the original 
" Forty-niners" who sought the gold fields of 
far away California, and he started for the 
Pacific coast by a private conveyance to Rich- 
mond, Ind., thence by stage to Cincinnati, at 
which place he took a steamer for New 
Orleans and across the gulf to Chagres City. 
After crossing the Isthmus of Panama he was 
detained for about six weeks, at the end of 
which time, in company with a number of 
other spirits as daring as himself, he chartered 
an English vessel and proceeded to San Fran- 
cisco. He was engaged in mining for a period 
of eighteen months, during which time he 
accumulated considerable money. He re- 
turned home by the same route as he went to 
Calafornia, resumed farming, and was thus 
employed until his death, which occurred on 
the 17th day of May, 1872; his wife died 
December 11, 1868, on the home farm. 
These excellent people were members of the 
Episcopal church; they reared a family of 
eight children, whose names are as follows: 
Alvin, of Osage county, Kan. ; Washington, 
deceased; Henry, deceased; Selina, wife of 
S. Bates, of Illinois; Mary A., deceased; 
Thomas, deceased; Stephen, whose name 
opens this sketch, and Archibald, deceased. 

Stephen Hamilton was but four years of 
age when brought to this county, within the 
boundaries of which the greater part of his 
subsequent life has been passed. He re- 
calls, with pleasure, the exicting scenes of 
pioneer life, and amid the rugged duties, 
incident to the clearing and developing of 
the home farm, he acquired strength of 


body and determination of will which served 
him well in after years. In the primitive log 
school house he acquired the rudiments of an 
education, and at the age of twenty-three, in 
company with his brother Archibald, accom- 
panied his father upon the latter's long and 
perilous journey to the gold fields of Cali- 
fornia. For a period two years and two months 
he worked in the mines, and during that time 
succeeded in accumulating a considerable sum 
of money, which he judiciously invested in 
1 60 acres of fine land upon his return to Dela- 
ware county. The place he purchased is in 
Centre township, and he has since resided 
upon the same, being the owner at this time of 
a comfortable home and a hightly improved 

Mr. Hamilton was married October 18, 
1855, to Miss Rachael Moore, whose birth oc- 
curred in Butler county, Ohio, July 8, 1837. 
Her parents, Mark and Mary (Davis) Moore, 
both natives of Ohio, were married April 4, 
1835, and reared the following children: 
Zerelda, deceased; Rachael, whose name ap- 
pears above; John, a contractor of Muncie; 
Robert C, deceased; Anna, of Muncie; Lany, 
wife of John Pugh; Virginia, wife of J Smith of 
Kansas; Vincent T., of Muncie, a contractor. 
The father of these children died November 
24, 1 881; the mother still lives and makes her 
home in the city of Muncie. The wedded life 
of Mr. and Mrs. Hamilton has been crowned 
by the birth of ten children, whose names are 
as follows: Charles E.. of Seattle, Washing- 
ton; Lillie Z. , wife of George Shafer; Ann E., 
wife of L. Michner; F"rank E., Henry, Mary 
E., deceased; Iva, deceased; Archibald A., 
Grace S. and infant who died unnamed. Mr. 
Hamilton is a man of popularity m his com- 
munity; prudence and moderation are among 
his chief characteristics, and his life has been 
governed by pure and just precepts. By suc- 
cessful management he has accumulated a 

competency of this world's goods, and owns 
the fine farm already noted, beside valuable 
property in the city of Muncie. He is a re- 
publican in politics, and has always taken an 
active interest in the material prosperity of 
his township and county. 

^^^KAXT HANCOCK, contractor, of 
■ ^\ Muncie, Ind,, is a son of Watson and 
\^W Elizabeth (Davis) Hancock, and was 
born in Wayne county, Ind., June 1, 
1864. Watson Hancock was born near Ham- 
ilton, Ohio, in 1820 or 1821, was married at 
College Corner, Ohio, settled in Wayne coun- 
ty, Ohio, shortly after that event, thence 
moved to Randolph county, where he followed 
farming until about 1871, when he settled in 
Delaware county, near Yorktown, where he 
followed farming for about ten years, and 
then moved to Edgar county. 111., where 
he and wife are now living — he at the age of 
seventy-two years. These parents have ten 
children now living, viz: George, a farmer of 
Randolph county, Ind. ; Caroline, wife of Jerry 
Bennett, of Paris, 111. ; William, in business at 
Red Key, Ind. ; Hannah, wife of Frank Reed, 
Hildreth, 111. ; Alice, wife of Stephen Johnson, 
farmer, of Edgar county, 111. ; David, farmer of 
the same county; Grant Hancock; Ida, unmar- 
ried, at home with her parents; Watson, a car- 
penter, of Muncie, Ind. , and Nora, unmarried, 
with her parents. 

Grant Hancock, at the age of seventeen, 
worked for himself a year in Illinois at farm- 
ing* and from that on in Randolph county, 
Ind., until twenty-two. But agriculture was 
not congenial to his taste, and at the age 
named he apprenticed himself at carpentering 
— first to John Williams and then to George 
Barnett, who were doing much work along the 
line of the I. B. & W. railroad in Kan- 



dolph county. After two years' work for 
these parties he was prepared to do business 
on his own account, and began contracting. 
He erected a large number of buildings near 
Modoc and Losantville, and for three years 
met with much success, and then came to 
Muncie, in 1889, and began contracting as a 
member of the firm of Hancock & Smith for 
the first, season. In 1890 he formed a partner- 
ship with his brother David for one year, 
since which time he has been contracting 
alone. His work has been quite extensive 
since then, having, since 1892, built ninety- 
two dwelling houses, to-wit: Forty for W. A. 
Sampson, and thirty-five for A. L. Johnson & 
Co., in Gray's addition in 1892, and twenty- 
two in the spring of 1893, before the financial 
depression came on. In active times his ef- 
fective force of employees numbers 100 men. 
Mr. Hancock is in politics a democrat, and, 
as he believes in "live and let live," assisted in 
the organization of the carpenters' union in 
Muncie, but resigned in 1892, yet continued to 
treat his employees with the same considera- 
tion as the other contractors in the city. Mr. 
Hancock started at contracting with limited 
capital, but by skill, strict business integrity, 
promptness in filling his contracts, he has 
placed himself at the head of the contractors 
of Muncie, as the attendance of patrons at 
his office, 406 east Adams street, will attest. 
Mr. Hancock was married, in 1886, to Miss 
Rosa M. Grubbs of Modoc, Ind., who has 
added happiness to this home by the addition 
of three bright children — Alvin, Bertha and 
an infant son. 

ent efficient recorder of Delaware 
county, was born in Caroline county, 
Md. , May 25, 1843, a son of James 
and Martha (Numbers) Harrington, natives of 

the same state, and of Caroline and Kent 
counties, respectively. In 1872 these parents 
removed to Henry county, Ind., and located 
on a farm where the father died the same 
year; the mother survived him until 1889, 
departing this life in the city of Muncie. They 
belonged respectively to the Methodist Episco- 
pal church and Friends' Society, and were peo- 
ple eminently respected in the community 
where they resided. They were the parents 
of seven children, of which family four are 
now living, namely: Thomas E. ; Margaret, 
wife of John Anderson of Muncie; Lydia M. , 
and J. Harry, an employee of the Indiana 
Bridge company. Thomas E. Harrington was 
reared in his native county until eighteen years 
of age, and received his education in the pub- 
lic schools. On the breaking out of the rebel- 
lion he entered the army, enlisting, in 1861, 
in company D, First regiment Maryland vol- 
unteer infantry, and gave three years and 
three months to the service of his country. 
He was made fife-major of his company, and 
during the period of his service participated in 
the Gettysburg campaign, was on the block- 
ade service, and for some time was under the 
command of Gens. Butler, Lew Wallace, Dix 
and Brigadier-Com. Lockwood. After being 
honorably discharged, he returned to his 
native state and engaged in teaching, which 
he followed until 1870, when he came to Indi- 
ana, where he was similarly employed in 
Franklin county until 1874. 

In the spring of 1875 ''^r. Harrington lo- 
cated in Muncie, and in November of that 
year removed to Selma, where he taught 
school during the winter seasons and worked 
at the carpenter's trade in summers, until the 
fall of 1890, at which time he was compli- 
mented by his fellow citizens by being elected 
to the office of county recorder. In the dis- 
charge of the duties of this position Mr. Har- 
rington has been uniformly kind and obliging, 

y^^ C^-^iyH^ CLAy'\.^<~yt^'^^^ 



and his manner of conducting the affairs of 
the office is proof sufficient of the party's wis- 
dom in his election. Pohtically, Mr. Har- 
rington is and always has been a supporter of 
the republican party, and has contributed 
largely to its success in several important cam- 
paigns. He is post commander of the S. J. 
Williams pest, G. A. R., being also adjutant of 
the same, and is a member of the Selma lodge, 
No. 189, I. O. O. F., in which he is past 
grand chief and past grand patriarch; he is 
also a member of the Twa Twa tribe of Red 
Men. Mr. Harrington's marriage was solem- 
nized in December, 1865, with Miss Sue B. 
Norris, daughter of William Norris, and they 
are the parents of the following children: 
Alice L. , wife of C. O. Hanna of Selma, Ind. ; 
Dela S., Harry C, William H., Martha V., 
Charles O. (deceased), Lola J., Thomas R. 
and Georgia. Mr. Harrington and family are 
members of the Methodist church, belonging 
to the High street congregation of Muncie, 
and are among the most esteemfd residents of 
the city. His domestic relations, with the 
exception of the sadness occasioned by the 
one visitation of death to the family, have 
been of the most felicitous nature, and his 
public and social positions have been commen- 
surate in their pleasant current with the flow 
of his domestic huppiness. He has been de- 
serving o' all that has been bestowed upon 
him, and will ever be able to sustain the high 
position he has attained in the esteem of his 
fellow men. 

>^OHNJ. HARTLEY.— Perhaps no one, 
M from choice, would desire to be thrown 
f% J upon his own resources at an early age, 
but history continually gives the world 
examples of successful lives, where the youth- 
ful days were full of privation and self denial. 

John J. Hartley was born in Freedom, Beaver 
county. Pa., September 21, 1856, son of 
Charles A. and Barbara (Heffner) Hartley, 
natives of Baden Baden, Germany, who set- 
tled in Beaver county. Pa., in 1834. The 
father was a teacher by profession, had been 
educated for the ministry, but never entered 
the sacred calling, preferring teaching, and fol- 
lowing it in his native country and for some 
time after coming to America. He taught in 
tee schools of Pittsburg, and later became 
the principal of the Trevelyn school, Pennsyl- 
vania. He and wife died in Freedom, Beaver 
county. Pa. 

John J. Hartley received a limited educa- 
tion in the public schools, and at the early 
age of twelve years left home and for eight 
years thereafter acted as agent for Riley & 
Sargent and for the Union News company. 
He naturally took to business, and during the 
years of 1876 and 1877 he rented the privilege 
on the limited express trains on the P., Ft. 
W. & C. R. R. from Pittsburg to Crestline, 
and operated them successfully. In 1877 he 
became the manager of the Tremont house at 
Mansfield, Ohio, and the same year, June 21, 
was united in marriage to Miss Anna Mc- 
Sherry, the former proprietor of the Tremont. 

In 1882 Mr. Hartley engaged in the man- 
ufacture of crackers, which business he con- 
tinued one year under the firm name of Pur- 
tell, Hartley & Black, but, owing to poor 
health, was obliged to dispose of his interests 
and turn his attention to other pursuits. In 
1884 he engaged in the real estate and insur- 
ance business in Mansfield and continued 
there very successfully until the spring of 
1889, at which date he came to Muncie and 
since that time has given his entire attention 
to real estate transactions. In 1887 he pur- 
chased twelve acres of land and laid out what 
is known as the Hartley & Lowenstine addi- 
tion to Muncie, a very valuable and desirable 


part of the city. Mr. Hartley has been fore- 
most in every enterprise having for its object 
the pubhc welfare. He assisted in the organ- 
ization of the Muncie Real Estate exchange, 
of v^'hich he is the treasurer, and is also a 
stockholder in several large manufacturing 
plants, and one of the active members of the 
Citizens' Enterprise company, in the organi- 
zation of which he contributed $ 1,000 and 
much of his time. He is recognized as a busi- 
ness man of superior ability and marked prob- 
ity, and the city of Muncie recognizes in him a 
gentleman of exemplary character in the pri- 
vate walks of life as well as before the public 
gaze. His political attachments, though 
strong, are ever held in subservience to his 
sense of right, and as a member of the repub- 
lican party he is frequently consulted on mat- 
ters of interest in both local and general cam- 
paigns. He has been active in behalf of the 
city's welfare as member of the common coun- 
cil, to which body he was elected in 1891, and 
in which he served as chairman of the com- 
mittee on water works and other important 
committees. Fraternally he belongs to the 
Masonic order, in which he has taken a num- 
ber of degrees, including chapter, commandery 
and Scottish rite. He is also a member of 
the Pythian fraternity Mr. and Mrs. Hartley 
were formerly members of the Congregational 
church at Mansfield, Ohio, and now belong to 
the First Presbyterian church of Muncie. 

^"VETH G. HASTINGS, M. D.— Mun- 
•^^^kT cie is a city that rejoices in a number 
^\ ^^ of very efficient and skillful physi- 
cians and surgeons, and prominent 
among these is Dr. Hastings, who was born in 
Henry count), Ind. , March i, 1840, son of 
Wilham and Jane (Reece) Hastings. William 

Hastings was bo n in Wayne county, Ind. , 
son of William Hastings, a native of North 
Carolina, and one of the pioneers of Wayne 
county, Ind. The mother of the doctor was a 
native of North Carolina, who settled in Henry 
county, Ind., in 1823. The doctor's parents 
were married in the latter county and began 
mar ied life on a tract of land which they 
entered and proceeded to clear, residing there 
for many years. The father died in that 
county in 1854, but the mother still survives, 
making her home in Muncie with her son Seth 
G. Hastings. 

Dr. Hastings is the fourth child in a family 
of seven children, and received his education 
in the public schools. In the fall of 1859 he 
removed with his mother to Richmond, Ind., 
and graduated from the high school of that 
city, after which he entered Earlham college, 
graduating in the class of 1867. For the next 
eight years Dr. Hastings was a most efficient 
teacher and superintendent of schools in 
Wayne county, later being made the superin- 
tendent of the B. C. Hobbs school at Bloom- 
ingdale academy. After this he taught three 
years in the Wabash public schools, finally 
serving most acceptably as superintendent of 
the Decatur public schools for three years. 
During this time Dr. Hastings devoted some 
of his spare time to the study of medicine, and 
after filling the last named position at Decatur, 
he attended the Homeopathic Medical college, 
at Cleveland, Ohio, and finished his medical 
course at Cincinnati, graduating in 1877. 
After finishing his studies Dr. Hastings began 
his practice at Decatur, Adams county, Ind., 
but in 1 887 came to Muncie, where he has built 
up an extensive practice. He is a member 
of the State Homeopathic Medical association. 
Dr. Hastings was one of the organizers of the 
prohibition party in Indiana, and since that 
time has been a stanch supporter of the same. 
In 1892 he was the nominee of the party for 



coroner of Delaware county. February 3, 
1870, Dr. Hastings was united in marriage 
with Miss Edith Towell, daughter of Isaac 
and EHzabeth (Cox) Towell, of Fountain 
county, Ind. Mrs. Hastings died November 
2, 1889, leaving four children — Alton P., 
Laura Ellen, Williard S. and Carrie Esther. 
Dr. Hastings is a member of the Society of 
Friends, of Muncie, being very active in both 
church and Sunday school work. He has 
served as president of the Adams county Sun- 
day school union and of the District Sunday 
school association, embracing the Sunday 
schools of Wayne, Henry, Randolph and Del- 
aware counties. Dr. Hastings is deservediy 
popular with all the people with whom he is 
brought in contact, not only in a professional 
way, but as a friend and neighbor. The ca- 
reer of Dr. Hastings, as a professional, has 
been of the most flattering character, not only 
from a financial point of view, but from a 
scientific stand point. His reputation as an 
exponent of the particular school to which he 
belongs is widespread and exalted, and he may 
with complacency look upon the long list of 
patients his skill has brought him. His stand- 
ing in society is commensurate with his stand- 
ing as a physician. 

•^^^ ceased, one of the oldest and most 

K^_^ experienced physicians and surgeons 
of eastern Indiana, was born near Co- 
lumbus, Ohio, August 1 , 1 8 1 9, and was a son 
of Erastus and Mercy (Norton) Hathaway, 
natives of Massachusetts. He was reared on 
a farm, educated primarily in the common 
schools, and began the study of medicine under 
a private preceptor in Columbus, attended a 
medical college at Cleveland, graduated, came 

to Delaware county, Ind., in 1844, and prac- 
ticed at Granville until the California gold fever 
became rife in 1 849. He at once joined a com- 
pany of some fifty Muncie and other Delaware 
county people and went to the gold fields, where 
he passed a year and did fairly well. On his 
return he settled in Muncie in practice, and 
was also for some years in partnership in the 
drug business with John C. Helm. The doc- 
tor was favored with a large practice, extend- 
ing over a wide area, until about the close of 
the civil war, when he retired to a farm of 
thirty-three acres at what is now known as 
Riverside. Of this he made a nursery and 
fruit farm, and carried it on for several years, 
closing out the nursery in 1888. He was a 
man of great industry and perseverance, but 
was stricken with paralysis, and died in April, 
1 89 1, in his seventy-second year. His mar- 
riage took place May 26, 1853, to Sarah Jar- 
rett, daughter of Daniel Jarrett, for many years 
a resident of Delaware county. This union 
was favored with the birth of nine children, in 
the following order: Charles, who died at the 
age of eleven years; William, of Lafayette, 
Colo. ; D. Jarrett, in the lumber business at 
Topeka, Kan. ; May, wife of J. B. Ragan, of 
Sidney, Neb.; Stanley, at home; Sherman, in 
the stone business at Denver, Colo. ; Lydia, 
stenographer, at Pittsburgh, Pa. ; Addie, a ste- 
nographer, and Sallie, at home. 

Of the old Hathaway homestead, thirty-one 
acres constitute a part of the new and attrac- 
tive addition to Muncie, known as Riverside. 
It is laid out in wide streets, and forms one of 
the most desirable and beautiful residence sub- 
urbs of the city, is attracting the best class of 
business men; possesses good natural drainage 
and is underlaid with deep strata of gravel; is 
in close proximity to the business portions of 
the city, and is entirely free from factories and 
other annoyances that mar the quiet peace and 
repose of retired domesticity. 



^>^ EV. JACOB W. HEATH, was born 
I /^T February 23, 1829, in Wayne county, 
£ 9 Ind. , and is of English stock; his 
great-grandfather, together with two 
brothers, crossed the Atlantic, from.their Lon- 
don home, and stopped in Maryland, where 
the grandfather, Jacob Heath, was born and 
reared; and, early in his life, removed to Guil- 
ford county, N. C. , where Ralph Heath, 
father of Jacob W. , was born, reared and mar- 
ried to Miss Mary Tomlinson. After the birth 
of three sons and one daughter — the daughter 
dying in infancy — the parents decided to move 
the young family to the wilds of Indiana, and 
in October, 1828, they left their home in the 
sunny south, crossing the mountains in the lit- 
tle wagon, to Wayne county, Ind., where Mr. 
Heath stopped with his family for one year. 
During the summer of 1829 Ralph Heath came 
to Delaware county, to enter land; less than 
200 voters were in the county, and much of 
the land, where the city of Muncie now stands 
was congress land, subject to entry, at $1.25 
per acre. But Mr. Heath finally located in 
Salem township, five miles sonthwest of Mun- 
cie; built a cabin, and brought his family 
here December 25, 1829 — but one family liv- 
ing nearer than the little village of Muncie- 
town, five miles distant. The growling of 
the bear, the scream of the panther, and the 
howling of the wolf with all the loneliness of 
this wilderness country, were what the father 
and mother had to endure. The sons older 
than Jacob W. were Albert, now of Hannibal, 
Mo.; John W. , of Muncie, and the Rev. 
James W. , deceased, who all shared in the 
hardships of pioneer life with their father and 
mother. The father was a christian man 
and was among the first to open his cabin 
to the early missionaries of the M. E. 
church. This cabin was the preaching 
place in the early settlement for years, and 
this early training that Jacob W. received 

from the early ministers and parents fixed him 
in his religious convictions during life. 

Jacob W. Heath remained with his parents 
until of age attending the district schools dur- 
ing the winter and working on the farm dur- 
ing the summer. In 1848 and '49, he was a 
student in the old Delaware county seminary. 
In 1850, he was united in marriage to Miss 
Rhoda A. Perdiue, daughter of the Rev. Abner 
Perdiue, a pioneer minister, and an early 
settler of Delaware county. Mr. Heath, at 
the time of his marriage, was engaged in 
teaching, but soon engaged in the business of 
the farm, and continued in the same till 186S, 
when he removed to Muncie, since when his 
time has been taken up in the grocery busi- 
ness, life insurance and real estate. 

Mr. Heath joined the M. E. church when 
sixteen years of age. He has filled the offices 
of leader, steward, trustee. Sabbath school sup- 
perintendent, exhorter, and for the last seven- 
teen years, local minister. Mr. Heath became 
a member of Delaware lodge, No. 46, Free & 
Accepted Masons, in 1856, and is a strong be- 
liever in the principles of that order. He has 
been for many years a zealous workers in the 
cause of temperance, and has been heard from 
in almost every pulpit in the county and state. 
He attended the constitutional amendment 
case of the supreme court, in the city of Des 
Moines, Iowa, in 1S83, and did effective work 

In politics, Mr. Heath is a republican, and 
has been at all times in line with his party, and 
taken an active part in all political campaigns 
since i860. While Mr. Heath was not in the 
army during the dark days of the war, there 
was no man in the south part of the county, 
where he at that time resided, who did more 
for the support of the families of the men who 
went to the front, according to his financial 
ability. The fruits of J. W. Heath and wife's 
marriage, have been six sons and two daugh- 


ters, namely: John B., Frederick W., Perry 
S., Fletcher S. , Cyrus R. , Cassie E. and 
Mary A., and one son, Arthur, deceased. 

Mr. Heath calls to mind, the first death 
and funeral, that occurred between the very 
small village, of Muncietown and Middletown. 
In December, 1833; was present at the funeral, 
and saw the few early settlers deposit the 
remains of the wife and mother in the silent 
and new cemetery; this being the first one 
laid to rest in what is know now as the Old 
Heath cemetery. 

'Srj'ULIUS A. HEINSOHN, proprietor of 
M the Kirby house and one of the genial, 
A w pleasant and hospitable hosts of Muncie, 
is a native of Germany, born June 10, 
1837, the son of Andrew and Martha (Drum- 
mer) Heinsohn. He was reared and educated 
in the country of his nativity, where he 
remained until his eighteenth year, at which 
time, October i, 1856, he came to the United 
States, locating in Louisville, Ky. , where, until 
1859, he was engaged as bookkeeper, and in 
that year, in company with his brother, George 
E. , also of Louisville, came to Muncie, Ind., 
and engaged in the manufacturing business, 
which he continued until his return to Louis- 
ville in 1 86 1. In that city Mr. Heinsohn again 
became bookkeeper, in which capacity he con- 
tinued without change until 1872, when he 
returned to Muncie, Ind., and became proprie- 
tor of the well known Kirby house, which, 
under his management, has become one of the 
favorite resorts of the traveling public. Since 
taking charge of this hotel, Mr. Heinsohn has 
twice rebuilt the house, and in its appoint- 
ments and modern improvements it is now con- 
sidered one of the most complete places of the 
kind in the city. During his residence in 
Muncie, Mr. Heinsohn has not been unmind- 

ful of the city's material advancement, and he 
has been a potent factor in many of the impor- 
tant measures which have brought prosperity to 
this part of the gas belt. He was one of the 
organizers of the Muncie Natural Gas company, 
and is a director and stockholder in the Muncie 
Artificial Ice company, also a charter member 
and one of the board of advisers of the Citi- 
zens' Enterprise company. In politics Mr. 
Heinsohn is an unswerving supporter of the 
republican part}-, but has never sought pulitical 
distinction, preferring to devote his energies to 
his business. In business circles his presence 
is always felt, and socially his integrity of 
character has made him exceedingly popular 
with all classes of his fellow citizens of Muncie. 
Mr. Heinsohn was married November 8, 1866, 
to Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Kirby, of 
Muncie, and is . the father of two children, 
namely: Thomas Kirby, the present captain of 
the Muncie Fencibles, and Sarah Heinsohn. 
Mr. Heinsohn and family are members of the 
Episcopal church, belonging to the Muncie 
congregation, in which he has served as ves- 

*W ^ H. HIGHLANDS.— In these times 
1^^^ of modern invention and improve- 
M. . r ment, so much of the comfort of 
living is due to the plumber and gas 
fitter that the business has become one of the 
greatest interest and importance to all. The 
efficient and capable business man whose 
name introduces this sketch is a practical 
plumber and gas fitter, and is also much 
more — being one of the city's leading legisla- 
tors and one of the most energetic and pro- 
gressive among its well known business men. 
H. H. Highlands was born in Carroll county, 
Ohio, November 8, 1858, and is a son of Daniel 
and Mary (Gregory) Highlands, both parents 
natives of the same county and state. During 



the late war Daniel Highlands served his 
country as private in the One Hundred and 
Forty-first Ohio volunteer infantry, and died 
in the year 1864. 

H. H. Highlands received a practical edu- 
cation in the public schools, and when eighteen 
years of age engaged with the Alliance (Ohio) 
Gas Light company, of which in a few years 
he was made manager. In 1883 he accepted 
a position with the American Water Works 
and Guarantee company of Pittsburg, Pa., 
and built the gas works and the electric 
plant, also of that city, and the water works 
at Connellsville, Pa., and superintended the 
construction of the gas plants at Muncie and 
Marion, Ind. ; he then returned to Muncie and 
for some years had sole charge of the con- 
struction of the water and gas company's 
plants. In 1887, in partnership with P. T. 
Kirby, Mr. Highlands purchased the business 
of the Muncie Plumbing company, which, 
under the firm name of Highlands & Kirby, 
continued until January i, 1891, when Mr. 
Kirby retired and Mr. Highlands became sole 
possessor. At that date he severed his con- 
nection with the American Water Works and 
Guarantee company, since which time he has 
done an extensive wholesale business, and is 
now the leading dealer in chandeliers, gas 
fixtures, etc., in Muncie. He is prominent in 
many ways in the city, being an important 
member of the Masonic fraternity and a 
charter member and one of the leading movers 
and organizers of that important business as- 
sociation, the Citizens' Enterprise company, 
which has resulted so greatly to the benefit of 
Muncie city and Delaware county. He was 
one of the first to drill many of the gas wells 
in the vicinity of Muncie, and to his energy, 
perseverance and wise foresight is the city 
largely indebted for its present position as the 
leading city in the great Indiana gas belt. 

Politically Mr. Highlands has been a po- 

tent factor in the republican party of Delaware 
county, and his efforts in behalf of the city 
have been rewarded by his election to the 
common council, of which body he is a lead- 
ing spirit. He is a true guardian of the inter- 
ests of the city, a man of clear cut ideas, keen 
and thoughtful, and his career as a municipal 
legislator proves him to be a true servant of 
the people. He also served as chairman of 
the judiciary committee in 1891, Mr. High- 
lands was married in 1888 to Miss Margaret 
H. Smith, daughter of M. C. Smith, Esq., of 
Muncie, and has one child — Hubert Highlands. 
Mrs. Highlands is a member of the Episcopal 
church and a lady of culture, intelhgence and 
fine social qualities. The family is much 
esteemed in Munc'e, and move in the best 
social circles in the city. 

■ ^\ Muncie, a popular real estate and in- 
^lW surance agent, as well as secretary of 
the Mutual Home & Savings associa- 
tion, was born in Niles township, Delaware 
county, Ind., August 23, 1856. His father, a 
native of the state of Delaware, bore the 
name of Alexander Higman, and was brought 
to Delaware county by his parents. He was 
educated in the common schools, and faithful- 
ly helped to clear the home farm, which com- 
prised 160 acres entered from the government. 
Until his father's death, which occurred 
August 23, 1855, with a younger brother he 
aided in clearing this new home, and later 
aided his widowed mother, effecting the most 
satisfactory results to the family. In 186 1 he 
removed to Albany, and in 1863 to Morriston 
(now known as Parker), where he embarked 
in the saw milling business, and was making 
another success, when he was accidentally- 
killed, July 18, 1864, being caught on the saw 



carriage while paying in a log. He had mar- 
ried Miss Sarah Coulter, a daughter of Reese 
and Rhoda (Pugh) Coulter, and the result of 
the union was four boys, named as follows: 
George N. , whose name heads this sketch, John 
C, Arthur W., and Elmer E., all still living. 

George N. Higman was but a lad of seven 
years of age when he was left with his three 
younger brothers and their widowed mother. 
The family resided on a farm in Niles town- 
ship, to which they had removed after the 
father's death, and there George N. attended 
school and worked for neighboring farmers 
until his mother's marriage, two years later, 
to William T. Hale, when they all moved to 
a farm two and a half miles northwest of 
Albany, where the step-father died when 
George N. was fourteen years of age. On the 
settlement of the estate the mother moved to 
Blackford county and purchased a farm of 
forty acres, and for two and a half years there 
passed the time with her children; she then 
sold out and bought property in Dunkirk, 
where George N. worked at farm labor and 
again attended school until he was qualified 
to teach. For three terms he taught in Jay 
county and then came to Muncie, Delaware 
county, and engaged in the real estate busi- 
ness, in which he has made so great a success 
and to which he afterward added loans, in 
December 1883. After the discovery of 
natural gas he organized, in '889, the Mutual 
Home Savings association, of which he has 
been the secretary ever since. He is, also, 
a member of the Standard Manufacturing 
company, which is engaged in the production 
of a very ingenious little invention for stretch- 
ing and tacking floor carpets. 

Mr. Higman was married September 13, 
1 88 1, to Miss Martha A. Sullivan, daughter of 
James A. and Margaret (Shaffer) Sullivan of 
Jay county, Ind., and their three children 
have been named, Paul, Homer and Ruth. 

Since his residence in Muncie no person has 
1 taken a more lively interest in its progress. 
I and real estate has felt the effect of his in- 
fluence from the time of his coming. From 
the organization of the Real Estate exchange 
he has been its secretary, and this fact alone 
is indicative of his deep interest in the welfare 
of his adopted city. 



BRANK HINES, one of the progressive 
farmers of Centre township and son 
of John R. and Abigail Hines, was 
born in Delaware county, Ind., Janu- 
860. He received a good education 
common schools, remained with his 
parents on the home farm until obtaining his 
legal majority, and then engaged in agriculture 
for himself, which vocation he has since 
carried on with success and financial profit. 
He purchased forty acres of land in 1881, and 
subsequently added another forty tract, thus 
making a comfortable home and one of the 
best farms of its size in the township of 
Centre. Mr. Hines believes in the dignity of 
his calling and is one of the representative 
men of his class in Delaware county. Intelli- 
gent, energetic, and possessed of good busi- 
ness ability, he has made a success of life, 
and he occupies a deservedly high place in the 
estimation of his many friends and fellow citi- 
zens, all of whom respect him for his many 
sterling qualities of manhood. He takes an 
active interest in matters political, and since 
his twenty-first year has exercised the elective 
franchise in behalf of the republican party. 
Mr. Hines was married April 4, 1^77, to 
Lucy, the accomplished daughter of Caleb and 
Rachael Armitage. Mrs. Hines was born 
June 29, 1 86 1. Her parents, Caleb Armitage 
and Rachael McDonnald, both natives of 
Ohio, were married in Centre township, Del- 


aware county, Ind. , in the year 1858. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Hines have been born the fol- 
lowing children: Ina, Claude, Berl, Grace, 
John, Charles, Walter, and Blanche. 

'^j'OHN R. HINES is a native of Indiana, 
m born in the county of Randolph on the 
^1 8th day of June, 1828. His father, 
John Hines, was born in North Caro- 
lina, in which state his ancestors settled at a 
period antedating the struggle for American 
independence. Many years ago, John Hines 
emigrated to Highland county, Ohio, where 
he married Rachael Branson, thence, some- 
time after that event, moved to Randolph coun- 
ty, Ind., where he lived until 1830, at which 
time he became a resident of Delaware coun- 
ty, settling in Perry township, where he made 
his home for a limited period. Subsequently, 
he entered 120 acres of land in the township 
of Delaware, where he cleared a good farm 
from the woods, and five years later sold the 
same and purchased the farm in Perry town- 
ship upon which he had previously settled. In 
1839, he moved to Monroe township and was 
an honored resident of the same until his 
death, which occurred in 1865; his wife died 
previous to that time, the date of her demise 
being June, 1838. John and Rachael Hines 
reared a large family, only three of whom are 
living at this time, namely: Nolan, of Clarke 
county, Iowa; John R., and William, who re- 
sides in Kansas. The names of those deceased 
are as follows: Buella, Robert, Ellen, Reece, 
Elizabeth, Sarah, Lucinda, John and Rachael. 
John Hines was originally a whig in his politi- 
cal belief, and afterwards became a supporter 
of the republican party. He subscribed to 
the Universalist creed and believed in the final 
restoration and redemption of the entire 
human family. 

John R. Hines spent the years of his youth 
and early manhood amid the stirring scenes of 
pioneer times, and, on attaining his majority, 
began life for himself as a farmer. He con- 
tinued to till the soil until his twenty-third 
year, at which time, in the fall of 185 1, he 
joined the vast concourse of gold seekers, and 
went to California, via the Panama route, 
and remained for a period of three years, en- 
gaged in mining. He was one the few whose 
efforts in this direction were crowned with suc- 
cess, and after accumulating a handsome fort- 
une, he returned to Delaware county, and for 
one year thereafter was engaged in general 
merchandising. Since 1856 he has devoted 
his attention entirely to agricultural pursuits 
and stock-raising, and his success in the voca- 
tions has been very marked, and he now occu- 
pies a very conspicuous place among the repre- 
sentative farmers of the township of Centre. 
He ownes 200 acres of valued and highly im- 
proved land not far from the county seat, and 
in addition to tilling the soil, he has given a 
great deal of attention to the breeding and rais- 
ing of horses. 

Mr. Hines was married December 14, 1856, 
in Smithiield, this county, to Abigail Mans- 
field, who was born January 10, 1834, the 
daughter of Charles and Hannah (Shaffer) 
Mansfield, natives of Ohio, and early pioneers 
of the county of Delaware. The wedded life 
of Mr. and Mrs. Hines was blessed with eight 
children: Charles, a resident of Muncie; Han- 
nah, wife of O. McConnell; Frank, also a res- 
ident of Centre; George, who lives in Kansas; 
Elnore, wife of E. Kennedy; Henry R., de- 
ceased; Lucy J.; Mark, deceased, and Wil- 
liam, of Muncie. The mother of these chil- 
dren died in May, 1888, and an appropriate 
monument marks her last resting place in the 
city cemetery of Muncie. Mr. Hines has a 
beautiful home, the abode of plenty and hos- 
pitality. He is a man of intelligence, broad 

John R . H i n es 

Mrs. John R. Nines 

y/ ^ . crxDyoL^J^i^^L* 



and liberal views, and anionj; the well-to-do 
citizens of Centre township he occupies a 
deservedly conspicuous place. He is a repub- 
lican in politics, but not a partisan in the sense 
of seeking ofifice. 


the leading manufacturers of Mun- 
cie, and a gentleman well known 
and highly regarded by all with 
whom he comes in contact, is a native of the 
state of Connecticut, born on the 30th of 
January, 1859, in the city of Meriden. He is 
the elder of two children born to E. A. and 
Mary A. (Greene) Hitchcock, and was reared 
to manhood in Ashtabula, Ohio, to which city 
the family removed in his childhood, and in 
the schools of which he received a practical 
English education. Leaving his books at the 
age of fifteen, he accepted the important po- 
sition of teller in an Ashtabula bank, the 
duties of which he discharged in a very credit- 
able manner; and subsequently, from 1876 to 
1 879, was bookkeeper for the Meriden Bri- 
tannia company, of Meriden, Conn. In the 
latter year he severed his connection with the 
above company, and, returning to Ashtabula, 
embarked in manufacturing, becoming associ- 
ated with his father in the manufacture of 
skewers, etc., an enterprise which was con- 
ducted very profitably in that city until the 
removal of the business, in 1884, to Muncie, 
this state. 

On locating in the latter place, Mr. Hitch- 
cock, in partnership with A. L. and J. C. 
Johnson, organized the Muncie Skewer com- 
pany, for the manufacture of butchers' skew- 
ers, flag sticks, trunk slats, dowels, etc., etc., 
an enterprise which has proven eminently sat- 
isfactory, the factory at this time having a 
daily capacity of over one million skewers, the 

product in the several other lines being in 
proportion, for all of which there is a great 
demand in the markets of the United States 
and other countries. As sole manager of this 
large and important enterprise, Mr. Hitchcock 
has displayed rare executive ability, and his 
judgment on all matters of business policy 
pertaining to his manufacturing and other 
interests is seldom, if ever, called in question 
by his business associates. In addition to 
looking after the various interests of the firm 
with which he is identified, Mr. Hitchcock is 
prominently connected with a number of pub- 
lic enterprises, being a director in the Muncie 
Savings & Loan company. He holds a simi- 
lar position with the Industrial Savings & 
Loan association, and is also a director of the 
Merchants' National bank, of Muncie; presi- 
dent and treasurer of the Muncie Transfer 
company; and represents his party, the repub- 
lican, on the Metropolitan Police board of the 

As a business man he is zealous and am- 
bitious, and successful in the fullest sense in 
which that term is usually accepted; but no 
act inconsistent with the strictest honor and 
integrity has ever been imputed to him. Ab- 
sorbed in the prosecution of his various enter- 
prises, he still finds time to devote to political 
matters, being, as already noted, a republican, 
in the deliberations of which party, in Dela- 
ware county, he has been a potent factor. 
Fraternally he is a member of the A. F. & A. 
M., and in the social circles few stand higher 
in the estimation of the best people of Muncie. 

The marriage of Mr. Hitchcock was solem- 
nized September 30, 1885, with Miss Estelle 
Morehouse, of Muncie, a union blessed with 
the birth of two children: Edward H. and 
Fred W. , the latter of whom, a most interest- 
ing boy, was spared to his parents until Octo- 
ber 4, 1892, when he was called away, aged 
three years, six months and eighteen days. 



>T-»ACOB R. HUMMEL, manufacturer and 
M dealer in fine confectionery, and pro- 
A 1 prietor of the leading bakery of Muncie, 
is a native of Indiana, born in Con- 
nersville, Fayette county, March lo, 1861. 
His parents were George J. and Mary (Smith) 
Hummel, who brought him to Delaware 
county when but six months of age — conse- 
quently nearly all of his life has been passed 
within the present limits of Muncie. He 
acquired a good English education in the pub- 
lic schools, and, at the age of fifteen, went to 
Indianapolis and learned the confectioner's 
trade, which he worked at there two years and 
four months, and in which he became unusu- 
ally skillful. On attaining his legal majority, 
he became a partner with his father in the con- 
fectionery business, which relationship existed 
for six years, when he became sole proprietor, 
and has since carried on the trade with encour- 
aging success. As a manufacturer of fine con- 
fectionery, etc. , Mr. Hummel easily leads the 
trade in Muncie, and the product of his bakery, 
consisting of bread, crackers, all kinds of fine 
and fancy cakes, such as are turned out by 
first-class establishments, have a large sale in 
Muncie and neighboring cities and towns. He 
manufactures ice cream for the retail and 
wholesale trades, and his ice cream parlor, by 
far the finest in the city, is extensively patron- 
ized, and has become a popular and favorite 
resort during the season when delicious refresh- 
ments are looked upon as almost a necessity. 
Mr. Hummel possesses fine business qualities, 
is thoroughly familiar with every detail of the 
trade to which he has devoted so much time 
and attention, and his place on east Main 
street is one of the well known business houses 
of the city. Mr. Hummel is in the prime of 
life, has before him a future of much promise, 
and by judicious management, he has already 
accumulated a comfortable portion of this 
world's goods. He is a prominent member of 

the Odd Fellows fraternity, belonging to the 
subordinate lodge, encampment, canton and 
Rebecca branch, and he is also an active 
worker in the Pythian order, both in the sub- 
ordinate lodge and the uniform rank. He is a 
Mason in good standing and has risen high in 
the order of Red Men, being one of the lead- 
ers of the subordinate lodge, and has also 
taken the Pocahontas degree. Politically Mr. 
Hummel is a democrat, but he prefers to give 
his entire attention to his business instead of 
seeking official position at the hands of his fel- 
low citizens. Eminently sociable, he is a 
favorite with all, and it is but justice to accord 
him a prominent place with the popular young 
men of Muncie. 

BRANK G. JACKSON, M. D., one of 
the most efficient members of the 
medical brotherhood of Muncie, is a 
native of Delaware county, Ind. , 
born November 25, 1858, the son of William 
N. and Sarah (Collins) Jackson. The _ father 
was a native of Greenup county, Ky. . and a 
descendant of an old Virginia family which 
emigrated from Loudoun county, that state, to 
Ohio many years ago. The mother of the 
doctor was born in Delaware county, Ind., 
to which part of the state William N. 
Jackson had come with his parents in 
the year 1844. Thomas Jackson, the doctor's 
grandfather, was one of the pioneers of Mun- 
cie, in which city William N. now lives re- 
tired from active life. William N. Jackson 
was a soldier in the late war, entering the 
army, in 1862, as a member of company E, 
Nineteenth Indiana infantry, with which he 
served until the cessation of hostilities. His 
regiment formed a part of the army of the 
Potomac, and took part in all the Virginia 
campaigns under Gens. Meade, Hooker, Mc- 



Clellan, Burnside and Grant, and participated 
in forty-nine battles, in all of which Mr. Jack- 
son distinguished himself as a brave and gal- 
lant soldier. At this time he is adjutant of 
of Williams post, G. A. R. , in the organiza- 
tion of which he was a leading spirit, and in 
politics he wields an influence for the republi- 
can party. Religiously he is an active mem- 
ber of the Methodist church, as was also his 
wife, who died in the year 1879. 

Dr. Jackson is the third in a family of 
eight children, and was educated in the Mun- 
cie schools, graduating from the city high 
school in 1878. His early inclinations led 
him to select the medical profession for a life 
work, and he began preparation for the same 
in 1876 with Dr. H. C. Winans, under whose 
able instruction he pursued his studies for 
some time with most encouraging results. 
Subsequently he enlarged his professional 
knowledge by attendance at the Ohio Medical 
college, Cincinnati, in which he completed the 
prescribed course, graduating in 1882. With 
a thorough knowledge of his profession he 
entered upon the practice of the same, imme- 
diately after his graduation, at Mt. Summit, 
Henry county, Ind. , where he remained six 
years, at the expiration of which period he 
removed to Muncie, where he has since resided 
and where he now enjoys a large and lucra- 
tive practice, yearly becoming better known 
and more appreciated. The doctor has met 
with much more than ordinary success in his 
chosen calling, and stands deservedly high 
among his professional brethern of Muncie and 
Delaware county. He keeps fully abreast of 
the times in all matters pertaining to his pro- 
fession, is a close student and wide reader, 
and his large experience has won for him a 
prominent place in the medical fraternity of 
eastern Indiana. The doctor is a member of 
the Delaware County Medical society, and is 
now serving as secretary of the same. He 

was complimented by an offer of its presiden- 
tial ofifice, but was compelled to decline the 
honor on account of professional duties, which 
required his close and constant attention. He 
is also a member of the Delaware District soci- 
ety, the State Medical society and the 
American Medical association, to the 
last named of which he has been chosen 
delegate a number of times. His connection 
with the Masonic order is very prominent, 
having served in different official capacities at 
different times, and in 1891 was elected 
worshipful master of Delaware lodge. No. 46. 
He is considered one of the brightest blue 
lodge Masons in Muncie, and is widely and 
favorably known in the order throughout the 
state. The doctor is a charter member of 
Walterhouse camp, S. of V., and was also an 
original member of New Castle lodge, S. of 
v., in the organization of which he took an 
active part. For the past two years he has 
been surgeon of the Indiana division, and in 
1890 was the accredited delegate at large for 
the state of Indiana to the national command- 
ery, which convened at St. Joseph, Mo. In 
addition to the above fraternal orders. Dr. 
Jackson is also a member of Twa Twa tribe 
of Red Men, in which he is as active as in the 
other societies with which he is so prominently 

Politically the doctor is a republican, and 
manifests a lively interest in public affairs. 
He has been successful financially, having by 
close attention to his profession succeeded in 
accumulating a valuable property, his real 
estate holdings in Muncie being considerable. 
In 1892 he was made health officer, being the 
first official of the kind in the city, and he has 
since discharged the duties of the position 
with commendable fidelity. In 1883 Dr. 
Jackson was united in marriage with Miss 
Jesse Ice, daughter of E. T. Ice, of Mt. Sum- 
mit, Ind., to which union two children have 



been born, Lola J. and Sarah R. The family 
are members of the First Baptist church and 
are among the esteemed residents of Muncie, 
where they enjoy the respect and esteem of a 
large circle of friends. 

QILTON JAMES, M. D., late a prom- 
inent physician of Muncie, was 
born March 4, 1836, near the city 
of Greenfield, Ross county, Ohio, 
and was one of fourteen children born to 
Reuben and Mary James. Eight of these 
children are living at this time, five brothers 
and three sisters. Dr. James was reared on a 
farm and acquired, during his minority, a fair 
education, and before reaching manhood's 
estate entered the office of Dr. Milton Dun- 
lap, an eminent physician of eastern Ohio, 
with whom he began the study of medicine. 
After a thorough course of reading, he entered 
the Ohio Medical college, from which well 
known institution he graduated in the year 
1859. After completing his medical course he 
returned to the office of Dr. Dunlap, with 
whom he effected a co-partnership in the prac- 
tice of his profession. It was during this 
time, and before going into the army, that the 
doctor passed through a severe spell of sick- 
ness, which was the cause of much suffer- 
ing and distress in later years. After recover- 
ing his health. Dr. James enlisted, in Decem- 
ber, 1863, as surgeon, and was assigned to the 
Eighth division, Mississippi squadron, with 
headquarters on the United States war ship, 
Brilliant. He continued in the service until 
November 20, 1865, when he was honorably 
discharged and returned to his former home in 
Ohio. After a short visit among friends and 
the scenes of his boyhood days, a trip was 
taken throughout the west, during which he 
made a visit to Muncie, where several acquaint- 

ances of his had previously settled. It was 
while making this visit that he concluded to 
open an office in Muncie, and in the spring of 
1866 his shingle, bearing the inscription, 
" Doctor M. James," was tacked on his office 
door. In the following year, although a 
stanch democrat, he had so won the esteem 
and confidence of the people that he was 
elected coroner of the county, which position 
he held for two years. He also served the 
people as county physician for a term of years, 
and was a member of the city council for some 
time, having been elected from a republican 

In the year 1874 Dr. James was elected, 
by the Indiana legislature, as one of the 
trustees of the Deaf and Dumb asylum of 
the state, and was again elected in 1876 
and 1880, serving continuously in that ca- 
pacity for a period of ten years, eight years 
of which time he was treasurer of the 
board. No breath of suspicion was ever 
breathed against his honesty, integrity, or 
capability, and when he servered his con- 
nection with the asylum, in 1884, the record 
made was without spot or blemish. Dr. 
James was always regarded an earnest and 
hard working democrat, and he served his 
party in Delaware county for twenty years as 
chairman of the county central committee, 
and only relinquished the position at his own 
request. He was continued in party work, 
however, as one of the election commissioners, 
which position he held at the time of his 
death. After the election of Pres. Cleve- 
land, 1884, at the request of friends. Dr. 
James became a candidate for commissioner 
of pensions, his claim being pressed by many 
old soldiers of the state. He failed, however, 
of the appointment, but was offered by the 
president a deputy commissionership, which 
he declined. He was afterwards tendered the 
Muncie postoffice appointment and later a 

/ffui^^t^KA. y-;i^ 



position in the interior department at Washing- 
ton, but saw fit to dedine both these honors. 

In poHtics, the doctor was a devoted ad- 
herent to his party and a recognized leader, 
and while he took a prominent part in all 
political contests, yet his genial and forgiving 
disposition won confidence, esteem and 
friendship, that set aside all feelings of party 
differences, thus marking him as a man of big 
heart and generous disposition. In his pro- 
fession, Dr. James stood high as a successful 
practitioner, and at the time he was taken 
sick he was one of the oldest physicians in the 
city. It was his devotion to his patients, 
whether rich or poor, that acquired for him a 
reputation unconfined to classes, and while 
possessed of a large practice, yet his generous 
disposition was such that he never acquired 
more than a comfortable competency in a 
quarter-century in his profession. He was a 
charter member of the DeEmber tribe of Red 
Men, in the deliberations of which order he 
always took an active and prominent part. 
Dr. James was united in marriage to Martha 
M. Kennedy, youngest daughter of the late 
Hon. Andrew Kennedy, on the 29th of Octo- 
ber, 1867. Andrew Kennedy was a member 
of congress from Indiana from 1841 to 1847, 
and in the latter year received the democratic 
caucus nomination of the Ind'ana legislature 
for United States senator, but died before 
being elected to that body. Dr. and Mrs. 
James had born to them four children: Philip, 
Pearl, Ned and Fanny, the two former dying 
in childhood. Ned was born August 31, 1876, 
and Fannie July 6, 1880, and both survive to 
mourn with the mother and wife the great loss 
of husband and father, a trial and sorrow that 
none can know except where like afflictions 
have been sustained. Dr. James died on the 
1st day of April, 1891, and his death was felt 
as an almost irreparable loss by all classes in 
the city which had so long been his home. 

HBBOTT L. JOHNSON, one of the 
prominent and successful business men 
of Muncie, Ind., and one who has 
been largely instrumental in develop- 
ing her resourses, was born in Herkimer 
county, N. Y. , August 26, 1852, a son of Henry 
I. and Eliza (Ferguson) Johnson, both parents 
natives of the same state. Mr. Johnson, Sr. , 
was engaged in agricultural pursuits in New 
York, but subsequently, in 1864, removed to 
Ashtabula, Ohio, at which date he retired 
from active business life. In 1881 the family 
once more removed, locating in Muncie, Ind. , 
in which city the father departed this life in 
1886, but where his widow still resides. Mrs. 
Johnson is a devout member of the Methodist 
church and has raised a family of eight 
children, the subject of this mention being the 
seventh in order of birth. 

Abbott L. Johnson was reared in Ashta- 
bula, Ohio, from the age of twelve to twenty- 
one, and received his education in the public 
schools. On attaining his majority he started 
in business for himself, locating at Bluffton, 
Ind., where he engaged in the timber trade. 
He had previously been engaged with the 
Bentwood works at Ashtabula, and he located 
at Bluffton for the purpose of assisting in 
starting a plant in that place, which was 
afterwards disposed of to J. H. Smith & Co., 
now of Muncie. Soon after starting the Bent- 
wood works he engaged in the lumber busi- 
ness, remaining in Bluffton four years, at the 
end of which time he removed to Montpelier, 
associating with himself Mr. J. T. Arnold, 
doing business under the firm name and style 
of A. L. Johnson & Co. , for seven years, two 
years of which Mr. Johnson spent in Montpe- 
lier. He then engaged extensively in the lum- 
ber business, forming a partnership of seven 
years' duration with J. T. Arnold, which firm 
soon became widely and favorably known in 
business circles throughout the United States. 



On locating in Muncie, in 1878, he erected a 
lumber mill, and, in partnership with Mr. 
Arnold, operated two mills under the firm 
name A. L. Johnson & Co., until 1885, at 
which time he purchased the entire interest 
and became associated with his brother, J. C. 
Johnson, and the firm thus constituted still 
exists, being one of the leading enterprises of 
the city. 

In 1883, Mr. Johnson, in partnership with 
Mr. W. F. Hitchcock, engaged in the manu- 
facture of skewers, etc., and they now do an 
extensive business under the firm name of the 
Muncie Skewer company. Mr. Johnson is one 
of the principal stockholders of the Muncie 
Natural Gas company, being vice-president of 
the same, and is a stockholder in the Muncie 
Water Works company, the Conger Land 
company and the Indiana Iron company. In 
addition to the above enterprises, he is identi- 
fied with the Citizens' Enterprise company, in 
the organization of which he was a potent 
factor; is president of the Live Poultry Trans- 
portation company, of Chicago, which owns 
one hundred and fifty cars for the transporta- 
tion of poultry, and is also interested as a 
stockholder in the Ashtabula Water Works 
company, of Ashtabula, Ohio. Beside the 
flourishing and important enterprises enumer- 
ated, Mr. Johnson, in partnership with George 
F. McCulloch, is largely interested in real 
estate transactions, owning Johnson's first and 
second additions to Muncie, also being inter- 
ested in the Gray's addition, one of the very 
best in the city. 

Throughout his long and successful busi- 
ness career Mr. Johnson has been actuated by 
the most honorable principles, and his success, 
indeed very flattering, is the result of carefully 
planned purposes and dignified business trans- 
actions. In business circles he enjoys much 
more than a local reputation, and to such men 
is due the credit of promoting the growth and 

prosperity of the enterprising cities of the gas 
belt, of which Muncie may be taken as a type. 

In his political affiliations Mr. Johnson is a 
republican. In the Masonic order he stands 
high, having become a member of the chap- 
ter, commandery, Scottish rite and of the 
Mystic Shrine, and he not only bears the 
honors of these degrees, but his daily life is a 
practical exemplification of their precepts. 

Mr. Johnson was married, in 1872, to Miss 
Florence Merriman, daughter of Chas. Merri- 
man of Ashtabula, Ohio; a family of three 
children has blessed this union, namely: J. 
Edgar, Ray P. and Florence Grace. The 
family are members of the First Baptist 
church of Muncie, in which Mr. Johnson holds 
the offices of deacon and trustee. He was 
chairman of the building committee of the 
new church and contributed liberally, both in 
time and money, to the successful completion 
of the beautiful edifice in which the congrega- 
tion now worships. 

>^OHN C.JOHNSON.— The thriving city 
M of Muncie, Ind. , is very proud of the 
A 1 long list of prosperous and successful 
business men who have shown such an 
enterprising and progressive spirit, and have 
caused the advancement of the place beyond 
all reasonable expectations. Among those who 
have largely contributed to the progress of the 
city, John C. Johnson deserves extended 
mention. He was born in Albany county, N. 
Y., May 21, 1843, son of Henry I. and Ellax 
(Ferguson) Johnson. 

At the age of seven years, he accompanied 
his parents to Herkimer county, N. Y. , where 
he received a common school education, and at 
the age of seventeen he enlisted in the Union 
army, entering company K, Forty-fourth New 
York, known as the "Ellsworth Avengers," 




and served one year. Being wounded at the 
battle of Hanover Court House, he was sent 
to the Albany, N. Y., hospital, and from 
there to the Lexington Avenue hospital, in 
New York city, from which he was discharged, 
after recovery. His school days having been 
so rudely interrupted, he felt the advisability 
of continuing his studies, consequently he en- 
tered the Boys' academy at Albany, N. Y. , 
where he continued for two years, making 
rapid progress in the meantime. Following 
this, he took a course at Bryant & Stratton's 
Commercial college, and then entered the 
quartermaster's department at City Point, Va., 
under Captain C. E. Jones, in which capacity 
he continued until the close of the war. 

The next business which Mr. Johnson 
undertook was a clerkship with the lumber 
firm of H. W. Sage & Co . of Albany, N. Y., 
continuing for fifteen years with the same 
house (with the exception of a short time 
when he acted as bookkeeper for D. Weidman 
& Co. , .wholesale grocers) and thus obtained a 
thorough knowledge of the lumber business in 
all of its details. In 1882, he removed to 
Bridgeport, Conn., and became one of the 
organizers of the Bridgeport Lumber company, 
and was made secretary and treasurer of the 
same. He sold his interests in that concern 
in 1884, and purchased an interest in the firm 
of A. L. Johnson & Co., of Muncie, moving 
to this city in that year and immediately be- 
coming interested in public matters. He was 
one of the organizers of the Muncie Skewer 
company, and in 1891 engaged in the manu- 
facture of mineral paints and felt roofing, 
which business was placed in a stock company 
organized in 1892 and known as the Muncie 
Paint & Roofing company, of which he has 
since acted as president. He was formerly a 
stockholder in the Indiana Bridge company, 
but sold his interest in that in 189 1, and is now 
a stockholder and one of the prime movers in 

the Live Poultry Stock Car company, and is 
also largely interested in real estate, particu- 
larly in the Johnson and McCulloch additions 
to the city of Muncie. He is also stockholder 
and director in the Farmers' National bank 
and the same in the Delaware County Building, 
Savings & Loan association. Mr. Johnson is 
a representative type of that substantial class 
of business men who, in a great measure, 
mold the welfare of the country, for upon the 
efforts of such citizens depend, in a large 
degree, the vital interests of the people. 
Actuated by the loftiest motives, he has ever 
conducted his transactions in an honorable 
manner, in consequence of which his reputa- 
tion in business circles is that of an upright 
and dignified christian gentleman. 

Politically, Mr. Johnson is a republican, 
and has served as a member of the city coun- 
cil for the past four years, in which body he 
has been chairman of the finance, street, light, 
and a member of the sewer and drainage com- 
mittees. Fraternally, Mr. Johnson is a mem- 
ber of the A. F. & A. M., chapter and com- 
mandery, and a member of the George S. 
Dawson post, No. 63, G. A. R., of Albany, 
N. Y. 

In 1873, Mr. Johnson and Miss Martha J. 
Hutchison, daughter of David Hutchison, of 
Albany, N. Y. , were united in the holy bonds 
of wedlock, and one child, Mary E., has been 
born to their union. He and wife are active 
members of the First Presbyterian church, of 
Muncie, of which Mr. Johnson is a trustee 
and member of the building coniinittee. 

^^^EORGE R. JONES, one the ener- 

■ Q\ getic men of Muncie, dealer in gen- 

, ^^^W eral groceries, is a native of this city, 

I and dates his birth from October 3, 

I 1858. His father, Thomas Jones, was born 



in Greene county, Ohio, March, 1828; married, 
in 1850, Eliza Coffin, and, immediately 
thereafter located in Muncie and engaged in 
coopering, which trade he followed the greater 
part of his life. He is now living a life of 
retirement in North View, Muncie, and can 
easily recall the time when this flourishing 
city was but a country town of a few hundred 
inhabitants. He is a democrat in politics, 
and a member of the Methodist Protestant 
church; his wife belongs to the Christian 
church, and they are both highly regarded by 
their many friends and neighbors in Muncie. 
George R. Jones received his educational 
training in the country schools of Centre town- 
ship, Delaware county, and, before attaining 
his majority, learned the trade of coopering 
with his father, and became quite a skilled 
workman. He followed his chosen calling un- 
til his twenty-second year, and then accepted 
a clerkship in the grocery and feed store of J. 
P. Adamson, of Muncie, in which capacity he 
continued for a period of eight years, acquiring 
a thorough knowledge of every detail of the 
business in the meantime. Subsequently, in 
partnership with his employer, Mr. Adamson, 
he purchased the property on Walnut street 
now owned by Gilpin & Whetsel, and for five 
years sold groceries very successfully. In 
1 89 1 he moved to the corner of Howard and 
Liberty streets, where he purchased a lot and 
erected a comfortable and commodious store 
room, which is well stocked with a full line of 
choice groceries, notions, etc., and has since 
done a very comfortable and safe business. In 
fact, Mr. Jones is a successful tradesman, con- 
sults the wishes of his numerous customers, 
and always keeps on hand a full line of gro- 
ceries, etc., found in first class establishments 
of the kind. His store is well patronized, and 
Mr. Jones is certainly entitled to great credit 
for the active part he has taken in the com- 
mercial and industrial developement of Mun- 

cie. He is what may truthfully be termed an 
enterprising business man, and his popularity 
has for years been a matter of comment 
among his fellow tradesmen of the city. Mr. 
Jones was married February 16, 1888, to Mag- 
gie McConnel, a native of Delaware county, 
Ind., daughter of David and Christina (Saun- 
ders) McConnel. Mr. and Mrs. Jones live in 
a beautiful home on Liberty street and they 
have a great many friends in Muncie. Mr. 
Jones is a democrat in poHtics and a member 
of the Pythian fraternity; Mrs. Jones is a com- 
municant of the Christian church. 

*w * EVI J. JONES, general contractor, 
I C Muncie, Ind., was born in Owen 
[ ^ county, Ind., on a farm, January 23, 
1847, and is a son of Warren and 
Sarah (Stauffer) Jones, the former a native of 
Virginia, and the latter of Pennsylvania. 
When Levi J. was a lad of fifteen, the family 
settled on a farm in Randolph county, Ind., 
on which he was reared until reaching man- 
hood. At his majority, he became owner of a 
farm in Washington township, Randolph 
county, on which he lived until 1883, when he 
sold out and moved to Muncie, Delaware 
county, where he teamed for two years, and 
then began taking contracts for street improve- 
ments, cellar excavations, and other work of 
like character, including the City, Anthony, 
Ball and Opera House blocks. Young & Kess- 
ler's, Darnell's, Wachtell's excavations, and 
those for the public schools; Maring Hart 
glass works; crushed stone on Ohmer avenue, 
Blaine, Tenth, Walnut, Hackley and Main 
streets, Kirby avenue and many others; side- 
walks on Berlin street; constructed the McCul- 
loch boulevard and all the principal streets in 
Whitely's first and second additions; has em- 
ployed from fifteen to twenty men, run six 





1 ''-^ ., 







teams of his own and hired ten to forty others. 
He has planned and built his own handsome 
residence on west Jackson street, and has also 
had erected five houses on five acres of ground 
(Ml west Main street. In j-ears gone by he also 
had a contract for several thousand cross-ties 
for the railroad from Richmond to Portland, 
and, later, a contract with the Grand Rapids & 
Indiana road for a hundred and fifty cords per 
month for two years. 

The marriage of Mr. Jones took place, in 
1 87 1, in Randolph county, to Miss Mary A. 
Wood (sister of W. H. H. Wood, city engi- 
neer), a native of Richmond, Ind. To this 
union have been born eight children, vi^: Nel- 
lie, Jessie (died at eighteen months), Walter, 
Frances, Thomas, Clara, Minnie and Ruby. 
The parents of Mr. Jones came to Indiana 
with their parents, located in Wayne county, 
moved to Owen, and then to Randolph coun- 
ty. The father is now seventy-three years of 
age and the mother seventy. They have had 
born to them eleven children, viz: Melvina 
(Mrs. Hinsnaw), died at the age of thirty; 
Levi J. ; John Henry, farmer of Randolph 
county; Edmond, farmer of Jay county; 
■Jacob, teacher in Muncie; Granville, farmer in 
Randolph county; Lizzie, at home, unmarried; 
Ruth Ellen, wife of Mr. Duke, farmer of 
Wayne county; Herod, painter, Cheyenne, 
Wyo. ; Hannah (Bryant), whose husband is a 
farmer in Randolph county, and Sarah, wife 
of a farmer of Wayne county, Ind. 

Mr. Jones has acquired an enviable reputa- 
tion as a contractor, gives the strongest secur- 
ity for the faithful performance of his work, 
in\ariably makes his promises good, and does 
his work in the best manner possible and 
always in accordance with the specifications in 
every respect, and is always promptly on time. 
His name stands without a blemish both as a 
business man and a citizen, and his position in 
society is all that could be desired. 

•"V'TEPHENC. KEESLING, proprietor 
•^^^ of an establishment for the manufac- 
^^ y ture of vulcanized rubber roofing, one 
of the well known enterprises of Mun- 
cie, is a native of Delaware county, Ind., born 
February 2, 1850, son of Martin and Coressal 
Keesling, well known residents. Mr. Keesling's 
boyhood days were spent amid the routine of 
farm labor until his seventeenth year, and he 
received an education in the common schools, 
which he attended at intervals until attaining 
his majority. He remained with his parents 
until his twenty. first year, at which time he 
began life for himself, working for a short 
time at different occupations, and then turned 
his attention to the mercantile business, which 
he carried on for a limited period in Muncie. 
Later he was interested in different enter- 
prises, and in 1886 went to California, where, 
for four years, he was overseer of a marble 
quarry, in which he also purchased an inter- 
est. At the end of the time noted, he re- 
turned to Indiana, and, for one year thereafter 
was engaged in merchandising in the city of 
Anderson, and then opened a merchant tailor- 
ing establishment in Muncie, which business he 
carried on until the early part of 1892. In that 
year he began the manufacture of the well 
known composition, vulcanized rubber roofing, 
which he still carries on, and which, as already 
stated, has become one of tne well known and 
popular enterprises of Muncie. Mr. Keesling's 
business is already of large proportions and 
the permancy of his establishment in Muncie 
is already an assured fact. He has a large pat- 
ronage the city and the product of his factory 
is being quite extensively introduced through- 
out the United States and elsewhere. 

Mr. 'Keesling is an earnest supporter of the 
republican party and a prominent member of 
the order of Red Men. He was married in 
Muncie to Catharine M. Eber, daughter of 
Henry Eber. One child was born to this 


union — Ray, deceased — and Mrs. Keesling de- 
parted this life June i8, 1891. 

*w - ^ ENRY J. KELLER, so prominent 
1^^^ among the self made men of the gas 
^ , * belt of Indiana, was born August 15, 
1 86 1, in Winchester, Randolph coun- 
ty. His father, George Godfried Keller, was 
born in Wurtemberg, Germany, June 8, 1827, 
came to the United States in 1852, and located 
in Bucyrus, Ohio, where he met and married 
Elizabeth Kayser. After spending- two years 
in Bucyrus, Mr. Keller removed to Winches- 
ter, Ind. , where he was engaged in the boot 
and shoe business until the spring of 1869, at 
which date he embarked in the retail grocery 
trade. In 1883 he retired from business and 
is now spending his days in the city of Win- 
chester. George G. Keller has been an active 
man of affairs and has borne a conspicuous 
part in the material developement of the city 
in which he resides, owning considerable prop- 
erty, including residences and two business 
blocks. He has been a leading member of the 
German Evangelical church for a number of 
years, is a geat reader, and ranks among the 
most intelligent and progressive men of the 
county of Randolph. 

Henry J. Keller was rear-ed in Winchester 
and spent his youthful years alternately in the 
city and on the farm. A common school edu- 
cation and the practical knowledge gained in 
his father's store ended in the development of 
an aptitude for mercantile pursuits, and while 
still young he became a clerk for a dry goods 
and clothing firm in Winchester. Subse- 
quently he was similarly employed with var- 
ious business houses of that city, and in Janu- 
ary, 1888, he came to Muncie and entered into 
partnership with George W. Bliss, of Indian- 
apolis, in the retail clothing trade, opening a 

large stock of goads in the New Anthony block 
on Walnut street. Under the efficient man- 
agement of Mr. Keller, his partner being on 
the road as traveling salesman the greater part 
of the time, the business grew and prospered, 
and in time a new and more commodious 
apartment suitable to the increasing demands 
of the trade was procured in the Little block. 
As a business man, Mr. Keller has won a con- 
spicious place among the successful retail 
dealers of Muncie, and his place contains one 
of the largest and most complete stocks of the 
kind in the city. He began life, if not in the 
field of adversity, at least comparitively un- 
aided and dependent almost wholly upon self 
support, his capital consisting of a full share 
of brain power, energy and an inbred determi- 
nation to succeed. Personally Mr. Keller is 
very popular, eminently sociable, and, in every 
respect, a kind and courteous gentleman. 
He belongs to the B. P. O. E. , F. & A. M. 
and K. of P., holding official position in the 
former order; and he was a leading spirit in 
the organization of the Ball Business college 
of Muncie, of which he was made treasurer at 
the time of incorporation. 

The marriage of Mr. Keller and Miss Edna 
Haynes, daughter of Jesse G. and Matilda 
Haynes, was solemnized on the 2nd day of 
April, 1885; three children gladden the home 
of Mr. and Mrs. Keller, namely: Esther, 
aged five years; Nellie, aged three, and Paul 
G. , an infant at this writing. 

mQ\ KEMPER, M. D., is a native of 
^lM Indiana, born in Rush county, Decem- 
ber 16, 1839. His parents, Arthur 
S. and Patience (Bryant) Kemper, were na- 
tives of Kentucky and of German descent. 
The doctor's early life was similar in nearly 

G. W. H. KEMPER, M. D. 


every respect to that of the majoritj- of coun- 
try boys, having been reared on the farm, 
with the rugged usages of which he early be- 
came famihar. His father died in 1849, and 
at the early age of ten years he was compelled 
to rely very largely upon his own rescources. 
During the succeeding seven years, he was 
employed in tiUing the home farm, attending 
the common schools at intervals in the mean- 
time, in which he acquired a practical English 
education, and, later, pursued the higher 
branches of learning at the seminary at 
Greensburg, Indiana. In 1856 he removed to 
Iowa, locating at the town of Montezuma, 
where for one year he was employed as clerk 
in a dry goods house, at the end of which 
time he accepted a position in a printing 
office, in which he continued for a period of 
two years. He returned to Indiana in the 
winter of 1859, from which time until January, 
1 86 1, he resided at Greensburg, attending 
school as above noted. Having early decided 
to make the medical profession his life work, 
he began the study of the same, at the age of 
twenty-one, in the office of John W. Moodey, 
M. D. , under whose instructions he continued 
until the breaking out of the war, when he 
responded to his country's call, enlisting in 
company B, Seventh regiment Indiana volun- 
teer infantry, April 24, 1861. This was the 
first company to enter the service from Deca- 
tur county, and the doctor served for three 
months in the capacity of a private. On Sept- 
ember 25, 1 86 1, he re-enlisted and was ap- 
pointed hospital steward of the Seventeenth 
regiment Indiana volunteers, in which capaci- 
ty he served until February 20, 1863, when he 
was promoted assistant surgeon of said regi- 
ment, a position which he creditably filled un- 
til the expiration of his term of service, July 
27, 1864. While in the army the doctor ac- 
companied his regiment throughout its varied 
experiences, participating in a number of hard- 

fought battles, including Hoover's Gap, Chat- 
tanooga, Rock Spring, Chickamauga, McMinn- 
ville, Farmington, Mission Ridge, Cleveland, 
siege of Knoxville, Dallas, Big Shanty, Noon- 
day Creek, Kenesaw Mountain, and the vari- 
ous engagements before Atlanta. 

During the winter of 1864-5 the doctor 
further increased his knowledge of the healing 
art by attending a course of lectures at the 
university of Michigan, and the following 
spring took a course at the Long Island Col- 
lege hospital, Brooklyn, N. Y. , from which 
well known institution he graduated in 1865. 
In the latter year Dr. Kemper located in Mun- 
cie, Ind., where he has since been engaged in 
the general practice of his profession. He was 
coroner of Delaware county from 1870 till 
1875, and was one of the examining surgeons 
for pensions from May, 1872, to June, 1893, 
with the exception of a period of two years, 
when he was removed for political reasons. 
Dr. Kemper is a member of the Delaware 
County Medical society, the Indiana State 
Medical society, the American Medical associ- 
ation and the National association of Railway 
Surgeons, and takes an active interest in the 
deliberations of these bodies. In 1879 he was 
elected treasurer of the Indiana State Medical 
society, and served as such until 1886, when 
he was honored by election as its president, 
presiding during the session of 1887. The 
doctor is not unknown in the field of medical 
literature, having at different times contrib- 
uted a number of valuable papers on various 
medical subjects. He has studied much, and 
carefully examined many cases, and being an 
original thinker and a clear, logical writer, he 
has made known his investigations from time 
to time in a number of essays contributed to 
various medical journals or read before medi- 
cal societies. 

Among the contributions from his pen the 
following were much discussed: "Operation 


for the Radical Cure of Varicocele," "Ex- 
ophthalmic Goiter," "Labor Complicated by 
Peritoneal Adhesions of the Uterus," " Biblical 
Medicine," "Case of Inversion of Uterus," 
"Retention of Utero of the Dead Fcetus, 
Considered Particularly with Regard to its 
Effects upon the Mother," "Is Labor Pro- 
tracted by Early Spontaneous Rupture of the 
Membranes?" "A Case Illustrating the Use of 
Intrauterine Injections for the Arrest of Post 
Partum Hemorrhage," "Sequel to a Case of 
Retained Foetus," "A Case of Podolcoma," 
"A Contribution to Medical Jurisprudence," 
"Four Hundred Obstretrical Cases — Statis- 
tics and Observations," "Affections of the 
Gall-bladder Tending to Result in Cutaneous 
Biliary Fistula," "Ligation of the Femoral 
Artery," "Primary Cancer of the Lungs," 
"Angel-wing Deformity," "A Case of Lodge- 
ment of a Breech Pin in the Brain; removal 
on the second day; recovery," "Antiseptics in 
Normal Labor," "One Thousand Cases of 
Labor and their Lessons," "A Case of Senile 
Gangrene." The above papers and essays 
contain much which is of value to the medical 
fraternity. They are the fruits of reason and 
e.xperience combined, and met with much at- 
tention in the medical journals both at home 
and abroad. 

The doctor has not neglected, as many 
practitioners do, to record the result of his 
experience for the benefit of others. During 
the session of 1875-6, he was assistant to the 
chair of obstetrics and diseases of women and 
children in the college of Physicians and Sur- 
geons of Indiana, and he has achieved flatter- 
ing success in the varied fields of surgery and 
in the general practice of the healing art. In 
1872 he formed a co-partnership in the prac- 
tice with Dr. Robert Winton, a successful 
physician of Muncie, and at this time is asso- 
ciated with Dr. Hugh A. Cowing. The doc- 
tor is a member of the Methodist Episcopal 

church, is an earnest advocate of temperance 
reform, and labors- zealously in behalf of all 
religious, educational and temperance move- 
ments, thus setting an example worthy of imi- 
tation by his fellow citizens. In his person- 
ality. Dr. Kemper realizes the ideal of a suc- 
cessful physician and surgeon, adding to a' 
quick apprehension and thorough professional 
knowledge the gentle manner and sympathetic 
heart of a true healer. In every relation with 
his fellow man he has borne well his part, and 
now enjoys, in full measure, the confidence 
and esteem of his brethren in the profession 
and of his fellow citizens in all the walks of 
life. Dr. Kemper was married August 15, 
1865, to Hattie, daughter of William Kemper, 
Esq. , of Oskaloosa, Iowa, a union blessed 
with the birth of three children, namely: 
Georgette Moodey, Arthur Thomson, and 
William Winton Kemper. 

HSBURY L. KERWOOD traces his 
ancestral history back through a 
number of generations to England, 
from which country his great-grand- 
father, Richard Kerwood, with his family, 
consisting of wife, two sons and four daugh- 
ters, started for the United States about the 
year 1792. During the voyage, both himself 
and wife fell victims to ship fever and died a 
few days subsequent to their arrival. The 
captain of the vessel, who was a member of 
the Masonic fraternity, to which Mr. Kerwood 
also belonged, took a kindly interest in the 
welfare of the orphan children and succeeded 
in finding them homes. Richard, the grand- 
father of the subject of this sketch, was ap- 
prenticed to a blacksmith of Bordentown, 
N. J., and after mastering the details of his 
trade, moved to western Pennsylvania, locat- 
ing in Washington county, where he became a 



prominent and highly respected citizen. He 
married in New Jersey Mary Minor, who bore 
him five sons and two daughters, namely: 
Samuel, William, John R., Abia M., Richard, 
Nancy and Elizabeth. Richard Kerwood de- 
parted this life in Washington county. Pa., in 
1838. Mr. Kerwood's maternal ancestors 
were of Irish nativity, James Peden, the 
grandfather, immigrating to the United States 
in an early day and settling in Pennsylvania. 
He married Margaret Love, also a native of 
Ireland, and in 1835 removed to Ohio, thence 
subsequently to Henry county, Ind., where 
both he and wife died. The children of James 
and Margaret Peden were James, Joseph, 
David, Milton, Reuben, Hiram and Eliza- 

Abia Minor Kerwood, father of Asbury L. , 
was born in Washington county. Pa. , where 
he grew to manhood, working with his father 
at blacksmithing until attaining his majority. 
Later he went to Oxford, Ohio, where, in ad- 
dition to working at his trade, he attended for 
some time the Miami university. He was 
married, in 1840, to Miss Rebecca Peden in 
Preble county, Ohio, and shortly therafter en- 
gaged in mercantile pursuits at Sugar Valley, 
a town of that county, where he carried on 
business for several years, subsequently en- 
gaging in farming. In 1848 he moved to 
Wayne county, Ind., where he continued the 
pursuit of agriculture, varied by teaching 
school at intervals during the winter season, 
and in 1852 purchased and removed to a 
home on West river in the county of Ran- 
dolph. In the fall of 1854 he entered the 
ministry of the Methodist church, in which 
denomination he had long been a local preach- 
er and traveled various circuits for a period of 
twenty-five years. In 1879 he was placed on 
the superannuated list and spent the closing 
years of his life in Muncie, where he died in 
April, 1886. The family of Abia M. and 

Rebecca Kerwood consisted of four sons — As- 
bury L. , David L. , William R. and Albert, 
and two daughters, Mary E. and Margaret F. 

The eldest son, Asbury L. , was born June 
21, 1842, in Preble county, Ohio, and acquired 
a fair English education in the common schools 
of that and Wayne county, Ind., attending 
one term at Liber college, Jay county, after 
he was fifteen years of age. In October, 1859, 
he was apprenticed to Judge John Brady of 
Muncie to learn the trade of saddler and har- 
ness making. While thus employed the coun- 
try became enveloped in the clouds of civil 
war, and he enlisted April 6, 1861, in a com- 
pany raised by Gen. Thomas J. Brady for the 
three months' service. He accompanied his 
command to the front and participated in one 
of the first engagements of the war — the battle 
of Rich Mountain, W. Va., where he received 
a wound in the left arm and right breast, 
being the first soldier from Delaware county to 
receive injury by rebel bullets. 

On the 6th of August, 1861, he was honor- 
ably discharged, and in November of the same 
year he enlisted in Company F, Fifty-seventh 
Indiana volunteer infantary, as duty sergeant. 
His regiment went into camp at Richmond, 
Ind., thence moved to Indianapolis in Decem- 
ber, 1 86 1, and on the 23d day of the same 
month proceeded to the scene of conflict, the 
first engagement being the bloody battle of- 
Shiloh, which was reached after a forced 
march of thirty miles. Subsequently, Mr. 
Kerwood participated with his regiment in the 
following battles: Perryville, Ky. , three days' 
battle at Stone River, where for gallant con- 
duct he was promoted to rank of first sergeant; 
Mission Ridge, Tenn. , Rocky Face Ridge, 
Resaca, New Hope Church, Kenesaw Moun- 
tain, and other battles of the Atlanta cam- 
paign, in all of which he earned laurels as a 
brave and gallant soldier. Later he was with 
his regiment in the battles of Peachtree Creek, 


siege of Atlanta, Jonesboro, Ga., Franklin, 
Tenn., Springhill, Tenn., and Nashville. 

February 4, 1865, Mr. Kerwood was 
honorably discharged from the service, and 
after his return to Indiana was engaged at 
school teaching and other pursuits in Wabash 
and Hamilton counties, and devoted his time 
to the collection of material for the history of 
his regiment, which he completed and pub- 
lished in the spring of 1868. In the spring of 
1866 Mr. Kerwood made a tour of the eastern 
states, and upon his return temporarily located 
at Fairmount, Grant county, where he worked 
at his trade during the summer of that year. 
In October, 1867, he settled at Wheeling, 
Delaware county, where he made his residence 
until 1875. July 22, 1868, Mr. Kerwood and 
Mrs. Susan Craw, daughter of William P. and 
Sarah Reasoner, and widow of Ephraim Craw, 
were united in the bonds of wedlock. At the 
republican county convention, 1874, Mr. Ker- 
wood received the nomination for the office of 
the clerk of the circuit court, and in October 
of the same year was elected by the largest 
majority on the ticket. He was re-elected in 
1878 by a very large majority, and discharged 
the duties of his position in a faithful and 
able manner until the expiration of his term in 
August, 1883. In April, 1884, he was elected 
a director in the Citizens' National bank, to 
.fill the vacancy caused by the death of Henry 
Hamilton. In April, 1885, he succeeded 
George W. Spilker to the presidency of the 
bank, and has since filled that honorable po- 
sition to the eminent satisfaction of all con- 
cerned. In 1887 Mr. Kerwood became a 
member of the city school board, of which he 
is now treasurer, and to him is largely due 
much of the credit of bringing the schools of 
Muncie to their present high state of efficiency. 
He was one of the organizers of the Muncie 
Land company, of which he has since been a 
director and vice-president. For the past five 

years he has been a member of the firm of E. 
P, Smith & Co., manufacturers of hubs and 
spokes, and was one of the original directors 
of the Muncie Exploring company, which 
drilled the first gas well in Muncie. In addi- 
tion to the above enterprises Mr. Kerwood 
was a member of the first advisory board of 
the Citizens' Enterprise company. It will 
thus be seen that Mr. Kerwood's career has 
been oneof great business activity. He proved 
himself a faithful and efficient officer, and in 
all relations of life, whether official, business 
or social, he has shown himself to be worthy 
of the confidence and esteem of his fellow citi- 
zens, and those with whom he comes in con- 
tact unite in pronouncing him a true type of 
the intelligent and well bred gentleman. 

known miller, was born in Morgan 
county, Ohio, October 2, 1837, the 
son of Goodlief and Lucinda 
(Miller) Kidnocker. The father was a native 
of Germany and the mother of Massachusetts. 
Goodlief and Lucinda Kidnocker were married 
in Marietta, Ohio, and reared a family of eight 
children, as follows: Sarah (deceased), Robert, 
Malinda, Morris D. , David (deceased), Caro- 
line, Samantha and Luther. The father was 
a man of unblemished moral character, an 
earnest supporter of the republican party, and 
was honored by all who formed his acquaint- 
ance. He died in January, 1883; his wife 
died in March, 1865. Like her husband, she 
was a member of the U. B. church and a 
woman of eminent respectability. 

Morris D. Kidnocker was reared to man- 
hood in the county of his nativity, in the 
schools of which he received a good education, 
and at the early age of seventeen, began 
teaching, which profession he followed with 


creditable success for several years. On at- 
taining his legal majority he engaged in the 
manufacture of lumber, which business, in 
connection with agriculture, he pursued until 
1865, when he began the manufacture of flour 
in Ross and Hawkins counties, Ohio, to which 
calling he has since devoted his attention. 
He was married in Hawkins county, Ohio, in 
i860, to Clarissa Jane Wiggins, who was born 
March 18, 1838, the daughter of John T. and 
Nancy (Schultz) Wiggins. The parents of 
Mrs. Kidnocker were natives respectively, of 
Kentucky and \'irginia, and were among the 
early pioneers of the Buckeye state. The 
wedded life of Mr. and Mrs. Kidnocker was 
blessed with the birth of ten children: Ella, 
Albert, Silas (deceased), Gilbert, Hattie, Lillie, 
Rosie, Alma, Ottie and Wilber (deceased). 
The mother departed this life December 22, 
1 88 1, and, subsequently, in 1884, Mr. Kid- 
nocker was united in marriage with Mrs. Anna 
Witt, mother of Enoch Witt, a biographical 
mention of whom appears on another page of 
this volume. Mr. Kidnocker is a substantial 
citizen, and his life, though comparatively 
uneventful, has not been unfruitful of good 
results and kind deeds in behalf of his fellow- 
man wherever he has resided. He thoroughly 
understands the business to which so many of 
his years have been devoted, and the confi- 
dence and respect of the community are his in 
a satisfactory degree. He is a supporter of 
the republican party and takes an intelligent 
interest in public affairs. 


M Delaware county, was born in Harri- 

« 1 son county, Ky., April 3, 1804, the 

second in a family of four sons. His 

father, Obed Kilgore, was a native of Pennsyl- 

vania, but for many years, was a riti/iMi of 
Kentucky, where he carried on farming until 
1 8 19, when he removed with his family to 
Franklin county, Ind. , then a wilderness, but 
soon died at the residence of his son David at 
the age of eighty-two. Judge Kilgore's mother 
was Rebecca (Cusic) Kilgore; she died in 
Franklin county, in 1843. After the usual 
course of study in the common schools of his 
native place and of Franklin county, Ind., Mr. 
Kilgore commenced reading law without a 
preceptor, but was occasionally aidetl by Gov. 
James B. Ray and John T. McKinney, the 
latter afterward judge of the supreme court of 
Indiana. In 1830, having finished his pre- 
paratory studies, he started on foot for Dela- 
ware county, carrying all his worldly effects, 
which consisted of a small bundle of clothes, 
four law books and $4.75 in money. On 
reaching his destination, he secured a pre- 
emption claim and located upon it, but com- 
menced the practice of his profession. In 
1832 he was chosen on the whig ticket to 
represent Delaware county in the legislature, 
was several times re-elected, and in 1836 be- 
came speaker of the house. In 1839 Mr. 
Kilgore was elected judge of the judicial cir- 
cuit, composed of the counties of Randolph, 
Delaware, Grant, Jay, Blackford, Madison, 
Wells and Adams, and served seven years. In 
1850 he was a member of the convention that 
revised the state constitution. He was elected 
by heavy majorities to the thirty-fifth and 
thirty-si.xth congresses, and bore a part in the 
exciting discussions that there occurred during 
Buchanan's administration. Judge Kilgore 
was very active as one of the original builders 
of the Bee-Line railway, and was one of its 
directors for about twenty years. He was a 
stockholder in the Citizens' National bank of 
Muncie, and also a stockholder in the Muncie 
Natinal bank, and in the First National bank 
of Indianapolis. He was chiefly instrumental 


in establishing the Indiana Hospital at Wash- 
ington during the first year of the civil war. 

Judge Kilgore was a member of the Free 
and Accepted Masons and took all the council 
degrees. H°e helped organize the republican 
party, to which he remained firmly attached. 
He was born within the pale of the Presby- 
terian church, but afterward changed his rela- 
tions and became connected with the Metho- 
dist denomination. He married July 4, 1831, 
Mary G. Van Matre, daughter of Absalom 
Van Matre, a prominent resident of Virginia. 
Mr. and Mrs. Kilgore had a family of six sons: 
Henry C, who died in infancy; Alfred, who 
was a captain in the Thirty-sixth volunteers, 
afterward a district attorney and also member 
of the legislature three terms; Obed; Tecum- 
seh, a surgeon of the Thirteenth Indiana 
cavalry; David, also a captain, and James, a 
leutenant, both of the Nineteenth infantry. 

Alfred Kilgore, late of Muncie, will always 
be remembered as one of the most talented 
men of Indiana. With an ordinary English 
education, he arose by his own active energies 
to the high position he occupied at the bar, in 
political circles, and in the army. He was the 
son of Hon. David Kilgore, and was born 
April 7, 1833, on the homestead farm, in 
Mount Pleasant township, Delaware county, 
where also occurred his death, August 22, 
1 87 1. During boyhood he attended the old 
seminary at Muncie. On leaving school he 
engaged for a year or two in teaching, then 
studied law and was admitted to the bar in 
1857 in Muncie, where he soon gained an 
enviable reputation as a criminal lawyer. Mr. 
Kilgore held numerous local offices in the city 
and county, prior to i860; but when the first 
alarm of war was sounded in 1861, he was one 
of the first to offer his services. He recruited 
a company, which was assigned as company 
B, of the Thirty-sixth Indiana volunteer 
infantry, with which regiment he remained, 

and participated in all the campaigns of the 
army of the Cumberland until the battle of 
Shiloh. Though his spirit was brave his body 
was too weak to endure the hardships of the 
camp and field. Stricken with disease, he 
lingered in the hospital for months, then was 
brought home to die. His strong will con- 
quered the disease in a measure, but only par- 
tially, for it was the cause of his death. In 
appreciation of his talents and services, his 
friends elected him to the state legislature for 
two terms. Soon after the expiration of his 
term of office he was appointed United States 
attorney for the district of Indiana. Mr. 
Kilgore married, August 2, 1854, Miss Susan 
Shoemaker, now the wife of Hon. James N. 
Templer. Of this happy marriage two chil- 
dren were born — Charles W. , a young lawyer, 
who seems to have inherited his father's 
genius, and Mollie G. (Mrs. Davis), a lady of 
rare beauty 

aHARLES W. KILGORE, son of the 
late Hon. Alfred Kilgore, was born 
February 20, 1855, inYorktown, Dela- 
ware county, Ind. He received his 
education in the schools of Muncie and Smith- 
son college, Logansport, and at the age of 
eighteen began the study of law in the office of 
Templer & Gregory, under whose instructions 
he continued two years, making rapid progress 
in the meantime. He was admitted to the 
Delaware county bar in 1874, and his abilities 
soon won for him an extensive legal business 
as well as a prominent position among the 
successful lawyers of Muncie. In 1876 he be- 
came associated in the practice with Hon. 
O. J. Lotz, and continued the relationship un- 
der the firm name of Lotz & Kilgore, until his 
election as mayor in 1879, when he retired 
from active participation in the law in order to 
devote his attention to the discharge of his 



official functions. In the spring of 1893 Mr. 
Kilgore became interested in the construction 
of the Chicago, Indiana & Eastern railroad 
through central Indiana and Delaware county, 
and as a director of the same he was chiefly in- 
strumental in pushing the enterprise to a suc- 
cessful completion. The legal career of Mr. 
Kilgore presents a series of continued suc- 
cesses, and since his admission to the practice 
has been a prominent factor in the Muncie 
bar, standing deservedly high in the profes- 
sion. Although not as actively engaged in 
the practice as formerly, he still maintains an 
office and gives his attention to the prosecu- 
tion or defense of cases involving interests of 
great moment and requiring a high order of 
legal talent. For a number of years Mr. Kil- 
gore has been identified with various busi- 
ness enterprises in Muncie, among which 
are the Muncie natural gas plant and 
the Muncie Architectural Iron works — 
being vice president of the latter, and 
devoting to it the greater part of his 
attention. He was active in behalf of the 
city's interest for some time as a member of 
the common council from the First ward, and 
while identified with that body was instrumen- 
tal in promoting much important municipal 
legislation. Mr. Kilgore is a man of decided 
opinion and great strength of character, fear- 
less in the expression of what he believes to 
be right, and an active politician of the Jeffer- 
sonian school of democracy. His personal 
popularity is very great in Muncie, a proof of 
which was his election to the mayoralty, also 
his election to the common council from a 
ward which has always cast a heavy vote in 
favor of the republican nominees. Mr. Kil- 
gore was married June 20, 1877, to Addie, 
daughter of Milton Hess, of Henry county, a 
union which resulted in two children — a son 
and daughter: Alfred and Archa. 

a HAS. M. KIMBROUGH, clerk of the 
Delaware circuit court, and president 
and general manager of the Indiana 
Bridge company of Muncie, was born 
in Clinton county, Ohio, Nov. 5, 1847, and 
is a son of Ira and Clarissa (Howland) Kim- 
brough, natives of the same county and state. 
Mr. Kimbrough was educated in the public 
schools, and his early inclinations leading him 
to mechanical pursuits, he learned the trade of 
blacksmithing, in which he accjuired skill and 
proficiency, and which he followed until his 
twenty-sixth year. He then engaged in the 
mercantile business in Connersville, Ind., 
where he remained until 1876, on April 4 of 
which year he removed to Muncie and opened 
the first exclusive book and paper store in the 
city. His place of business was in the Walnut 
street Opera House block, and Mr. Kimbrough 
conducted a very successful business in his 
line until 1887, at which time he disposed of 
his mercantile interest in order to become 
manager of the Indiana Bridge company, of 
which, two years later, he was elected presi- 
dent. This company was established in 1886, 
and employs about i 50 persons. 

As a loyal citizen Mr. Kimbrough did serv- 
ice in defense of the national Union as mem- 
ber of company I, Eighteenth Ohio volunteer 
infantry, with which he served for a period of 
eight months, being discharged at that time at 
Augusta, Ga. His official career began in 
November, 1890, at which time he was elected 
to the responsible position of clerk of the 
Delaware county circuit court, the duties of 
which he has since ably discharged. As a 
member of the common council representing 
the Third ward, and as a member on the com- 
mittee on finance, he has been instrumental 
in effecting much important municipal legisla- 
tion. In matters educational, Mr. Kimbrough 
was also very energetic, having been a member 
of the city school board. As a business man 


he occupies a deservedly prominent place in 
the estimation of the people Muncie, and as 
presiding officer of the large manufacturing 
establishment with which he is identified has 
shown executive ability of a very high order. 
Personally, Mr. Kimbrough enjoys great popu- 
larity, and, irrespective of his position as a 
leading republican, has numerous friends 
throughout the county, irrespective of party 
affiliations. He is one of the busy, thorough- 
going, rehable men of Muncie, and as a mem- 
ber of the Citizens' Enterprise company 
manifests great interest in everything that 
pertains to the material welfare of this thriving 
city. Fraternally Mr. Kimbrough stands high 
in Masonry, in which he has taken a number 
of degrees, including both chapter and com- 
mandery, and he also belongs to Williams 
post. No. 78, G. A. R. In 1870 Mr. Kim- 
brough and Miss Margaret A. Curry, daughter 
of James and Mary Curry, of Clinton county, 
Ohio, became man and wife, and their union 
has been blessed by the birth of three children: 
Hal C, Frank H. and James Lloyd. Mr. 
Kimbrough and family are communicants of 
the Methodist Episcopal church, and he holds 
the position of trustee in the High street con- 

• HOMAS KIRBY (deceased).— Proba 
bly none of the early settlers of 
Muncie were more closely identified 
with the town and its growth than 
Mr. Kirby. He was one of its earliest as well 
as one of its most prominent citizens — having 
settled here when Muncie was but a small 
clearing in the wilderness, and was still called 
by its aboriginal name, "Outainink," by the 
Indians who lingered about the former town 
of the Delaware tribe. He was a member of 
the first mercantile firm in Muncie, and a 
leader in all public enterprises. If a sub- 

scription was to be raised for a turnpike, rail- 
road, or other object of a public nature, he 
was always the first to be solicited for his 
patronage, and never withheld his bounty. 
He was one of the first trustees elected in 
Delaware county, but was not a politician, 
and never aspired to the public positions to 
which his ability entitled him. He was born 
in the town of Stockbridge, Mass., December 
25, 1804, and, at the age of ten years, became 
an apprentice in a woolen factory. While 
thus employed, he gained an early education, 
by attending school in the winter; but this was 
supplemented by practical experience in later 
years. In the fall of 1827 he removed to 
Richmond, Ind. , and accepted employment at 
his trade with Levinas King. One year later 
he began to trade in furs, deerskins and gin- 
seng, buying about six thousand pounds of 
the latter article every year. In 1830, he 
removed to Muncie and was engaged in the 
mercantile business for five years. In the 
meantime he had acquired a large tract of 
land (a portion of which is now within the city 
limits), and retired from business life, and 
devoted his time to agricultural pursuits. He 
owned about one thousand acres adjoining 
Muncie, and made six additions to the town at 
various times, and donated the grounds on 
which were erected the Universalist and Pres- 
bjterian churches. He was a kind hearted 
landlord, and was repeatedly known to sell 
lots, and, when subsequent developements 
convinced the purchasers that they could not 
meet their obligations, instead of foreclosing 
the mortgages, he would refund the money 
already paid him, purchase the partially com- 
pleted buildings at their actual cost, and sell 
the lots to some one else. He erected the first 
brick store in Muncie, and also a fine hotel 
which bears his name. On the 1 5th of July, 
1833, he married Miss Sarah Tomlinson, a 
native of North Carolina, and daughter of 


Judge Tomlinson, one of the ea-^ly associate 
and probate judges of Delaware county. They 
had three sons — Thomas Hickman, John M. 
and George, now prominent business men of 
Muncie, and three daughters — Martha A., — ife 
of A. H. Hamilton; Elizabeth, wife of J. A. 
Heinsohn, proprietor of the Kirby house, and 
Sarah, who died quite young. 

About 1829 Mr. Ivirby traveled through 
the sparsely settled regions of eastern Indiana, 
on foot and on horseback, peddling goods for 
Stone & Co., of Dayton, Ohio, and brought 
his first stock of merchandise to Muncie by ox 
teams from that point. He was uniformly 
kind and honorable in his dealings with the 
world, and his memory is treasured in the 
hearts of all who knew him. He died August 
19. 1879- The funeral sermon was preached 
by Rev. Marion Crosley, of Fort Wayne, at 
the Universalist church, of which society Mr. 
Kirby was a member. His remains were in- 
terred in Beech Grove cemetery, and the cas- 
ket containing his remains was borne to the 
grave by Minus Turner, Warren Stewart, Mar- 
tin Galliher, John Brady, Thomas S. Neely, 
Daniel Pittenger, Robert Meeks, Joseph Strad- 
ling, Joseph S. Buckles, J. Henry W^ysor, 
Walter March, Marcus C. Smith, Arthur F. 
Patterson and Lloyd Wilcoxson. 

'^j'OHN M. KIRBY, a prominent business 
M man of Muncie and son of Thomas 
/• 1 Kirby, whose sketch appears above, is 
a native of Delaware county, Ind. , 
born on the 6th day of November, 1839. His 
educational training was acquired in the public 
schools of his native city, supplemented by a 
two years' course in Farmer's college of Cin- 
cinnati, in which institution he obtained a fair 
knowledge of the higher branches of learning. 
His early inclinations led him to embark upon 
a business career, and in i860 he engaged in 

the hardware trade in partnership with T. E. 
Putnam, and the firm thus constituted soon 
became one of the leading mercantile estab- 
lishments of Muncie. He continued in the 
hardware business very successfully until 1889, 
and in the meantime, 1879, became interested 
with his brothers in the lumber business, with 
which line of trade he has since been promi- 
nently identified. As a business man Mr. 
Kirby enjoys a reputation more than local, and 
to him is due in a great measure the present 
substantial growth of Muncie, in the material 
development of which he has always mani- 
fested a very active interest. Quick to foresee, 
wise to plan, and possessing business qualifi- 
cations of a high degree, he has wrought wisely 
and well, and in him have been reproduced the 
sterling qualities which for so many years 
marked the career of his father. 

In his political belief Mr. Kirby is an ar- 
dent supporter of the republican party, but 
he has never sought nor desired official prefer- 
ment. In religion he subscribes to the creed 
of the Episcopal church, in which faith the 
different members of his family have been 
reared and educated. Mr. Kirby is promi- 
nently identified with several fraternities, in- 
cluding the Royal Arcanum, Independent 
Order of United Workmen, and the A. F. & 
A. M. , in the last of which he stands high, 
having taken the Scottish rite degree, also that 
of Sir Knight. On the 14th day of June, 
1866, in the city of Muncie, was solemnized 
the marriage of John M. Kirby and Mary F. 
Putnam, daughter of F. E. Putnam, a union 
blessed with the birth of the following chil- 
dren: Thomas P. ; Ada, wife of Lewis Over; 
Susette and Sarah. The mother of these chil- 
dren died August 16, 1887, and on the nth 
day of March, 1S91, Mr. Kirby married his 
present wife, Mrs. Belle J. Gilbert, who was 
born in Muncie, the daughter of John Jack, 
Esq., deceased. 



@EORGE KIRBY, prominent among 
the successful business men and rep- 
resentative citizens of the county of 
Delaware, was born in Muncie, Ind. , 
on the 6th day of December, 1844. He is the 
son of Thomas and brother of T. H. and J. M. 
Kirby, and for the greater part of his life has 
been a valued citizen and an active business 
man of the city of his nativity. He was 
reared to manhood in Muncie, in the public 
schools of which he acquired his early educa- 
tion, and in 1863-4 attended the schools of 
Aurora, 111. Returning home in the latter 
year he entered the army, enlisting in company 
B, One Hundred and Thirty-fourth Indiana 
volunteer infantry, for the three months' serv- 
ice under Capt. Reese, and, after remaining 
with his command for a period of four months, 
was honorably discharged in September, 1 864, 
at Indianapolis. On severing his connection 
with the army Mr. Kirby resumed his studies, 
and after completing his education returned 
home and took charge of his father's business 
and was thus employed until the latter's death 
in 1879. During the succeeding year he man- 
aged the home farm, and in 1886 was elected 
treasurer of Delaware county, and immediately 
thereafter removed to Muncie and took charge 
of the office. He was re-elected in 1888, and 
discharged the duties of the office in a highly 
satisfactory manner until 1890, since which 
time he has been extensively engaged in real 
estate transactions in partnership with T. F. 
Rose, and through his instrumentality, aided 
by the efforts of other progressive men, 
a large number of manufacturing estab- 
lishments have been located in Muncie, 
thus making the city the most enterprising 
manufacturing center of the great gas belt. 
Mr. Kirby has been a prominent and active 
member of the Citizens' Enterprise company, 
of which he is a director, and he also served 
as trustee of the Manufacturers' association. 

much of the success of which is directly trace- 
able to his efforts. He is almost constantly 
conducting some enterprise that will inure to 
the city's advancement, and in him Muncie 
and Delaware county find one of their most 
substantial, energetic and highly respected 
representatives. As an official he displayed 
ability of a high order, and his dealings with 
his fellows in all relations of life have been 
marked by that high sense of honor which has 
made him deservedly popular with all with 
whom he has come in contact. Mr. Kirby is a 
republican in politics, and fraternally belongs 
to the Masonic order, in which he occupies a 
prominent position, being a Knight Templar 
and a member of the Scottish rite branch. 
He was married January 14, 1866, to Miss 
Kate W. Whipple, who was born in Washing- 
ton county, N. Y. , on the 19th day of March, 
1846, the daughter of Joab T. and Maria 
(Wilson) Whipple, the latter a sister of the 
late Volney Wilson, of Muncie. To the mar- 
riage of Mr. and Mrs. Kirby have been born 
the following children: Wilson W. , teller of 
the Citizens' National bank; Marion E. , 
Louise, John M. and Julius T. 

HOMAS P. KIRBY is the head of one 
of the leading plumbing and gas fit- 
ting establishments of Muncie and is 
entitled to mention as one of the 
city's representative young men. He is a son 
of John and Mary Kirby and was born in Mun- 
cie, Delaware county, Ind. , on the 4th day of 
April, 1867. He was educated in the city 
schools, and on attaining his majority began 
clerking for his father, in whose employ he 
continued for a period of two years, and then 
entered upon an apprenticeship for three years 
with the Muncie Water company for the pur- 
pose of learning the plumbing trade, in which 


he acquired great proficiency. After becoming 
familiar with the details of the business, he 
established his present plumbing, gas, steam fit- 
ting and sewer work, which, as already stated, 
is one of the largest and most successful enter- 
prises of the kind in the city of Muncie. In 
his business Mr. Kirby has displayed commend- 
able energy and foresight, and he has met 
with success such as few attain in a much 
longer life. He retains, in a marked degree, 
the respect and confidence of his fellow citizens 
of Muncie, and by inheritance as well as by 
steady application, possesses those sterling 
qualities essential to the successful manage- 
ment of affairs, and which undoubtedly insure 
for him a future of much promise and useful- 

Mr. Kirby was married in Muncie on the 
5th of July, 1888, to Miss Gertrude Maddy, 
whose birth occurred in the year 1867. Mrs. 
Kirby is the daughter of William R. Maddy, 
and she has borne her husband two children, 
namely: Frederick and Edgar. In his relig- 
ious views Mr. Kirby subscribes to the Episco- 
pal creed, of -which church his wife is also a 
member, and in politics he supports the princi- 
ples of the republican party. He is prominent 
in the Masonic order, having taken a number 
of degrees, including that of Sir Knight, and 
he is also an active worker in the Pythian 


W. KIRBY, receiving and paying 
teller of the Citizens' National bank 
of Muncie, Ind. , was born Septem- 
ber 13, 1867, in Muncie city, where 
he has since continued to reside. He attended 
the Muncie schools during the years of his 
minority, and at the age of seventeen obtained 
his first insight into the practical affairs of 
life as an assistant to his father in the stock 

business, with all the details of which he soon 
became familiar. Subsequently he took a 
course of mechanical engineering in the Rose 
Polytechnic institute, Terre Haute, and upon 
the election of his father as treasurer of Dela- 
ware county, he left his studies and became 
deputy county treasurer, the duties of which 
he discharged with commendable fidelity; 
within a short time of the expiration of the 
term of office, however he accepted the posi- 
tion of receiving and paying teller in the Citi- 
zens' National bank of Muncie. Mr. Kirby is 
an accomplished accountant, understanding 
thoroughly the many details of banking, and 
has already made a creditable record as a safe 
and reliable business man. He is energetic 
in all he undertakes, enjoys great personal 
popularity in his city, and by his honorable 
and manly course has succeeded in winning 
for himself a prominent position in the estima- 
tion of the public. He was united in marriage 
January i, 1890, with Miss Carrie Louise, the 
accomplished daughter of Dr. Robert and 
Elmira Winton, of Muncie. (See sketch of 
George Kirby, father of W. W. Kirby. ) 

aHARLES A. KITTS, of the firm of 
Kitts & Everet, real estate dealers, 
Muncie, Ind., is a son of Williard 
and Lottie (Adams) Kitts, and was 
born in Oswego, N. Y., March 8, 1861. He 
graduated from Union college, Schenectady, 
N Y., in 1884, and in 1885 began the manu- 
facture of knit underwear at Canastota, N. 
Y., on his own account, but two years later 
moved to Piqua, Ohio, where he formed a 
joint stock company, with $50,000 capital, 
which was incorporated as the Piqua Hosiery 
company, and of which he was made general 
manager and vice president, and was acti\e in 
the manufacture for two years — the company 



being still in operation. While in Piqua he 
also laid out and developed two or three addi- 
tions to the city. At the end of six years he 
sold out his interests and organized a land 
syndicate, with a capital of $80,000, and went 
to San Antonio, Tex., where he sub-divided 
Keystone Park, inaugurated street car service, 
sold a considerable portion of the tract, and 
still retains quite a number of the choice lots. 
He was also interested in developing Spring 
City, Tenn., and Kanawha, West Va. , 
and his efforts resulted in substantial gains 
for both places. In 1891, he became asso- 
ciated with W. N. Whitely in his Indiana 
gas belt enterprise, Eaton, Ind. , being the 
first town to enter into negotiation, and 
through the active exertion of Mr. Kitts, a 
subscription fund of $80,000 was raised and 
1,000 acres of land optioned — the largest 
bonus ever raised by an equal population for 
the purpose; but, owing to the superior bank- 
ing and shipping facilities of Muncie, Mr. 
Whitely decided upon that city as his head- 
quarters. Mr. Kitts thereupon organized the 
Fort Wayne Land & Improvement company, 
which took up the Eaton properties, located 
the Paragon Paper company and other indus- 
tries, and established a bank. Mr. Kitts a' so 
actively assisted the Whitely Land company in 
developing its property. After Mr. Whitely's 
withdrawal, Mr. Kitts formed a syndicate at 
Pittsburg, Pa., with $125,000, which pur- 
chased the 140-acre tract known as the Wysor 
Heights, together with the interests of the 
original company, and in the spring of 1893 
located the Whitely Malleable Ironworks. Of 
this company Mr. Kitts is a director, and with 
his partner, E. E. Everet, has general charge 
of its large real estate interests. Kitts & 
Everet were also the prime movers in devel- 
oping Parker, Ind. , where they formed a land 
syndicate, and in 1893 disposed of over 200 
lots at public sale and located three factories. 

Mr. Kitts was married in Chittenango, N. 
Y., in 1886, to Miss Hattie Walrath, a gradu- 
ate of Vassar college in the class of 1884, and 
the accomplished daughter of the late Frank- 
lin Walrath, wholesale grocer of Syracuse, N. 
Y. To this felicitous union has been born one 
daughter — Frances. Mr. Kitts is a chapter 
Mason, and as a business man enjoys a most 
enviable reputation, not only in Muncie, but 
wherever else known. 

KC. KLEIN is a son of Armstead M. 
and Sarah Klein, and was born in 
Delaware county, Ind., November 18, 
1842. He was reared to manhood in 
Muncie, received a good education, and in 
1855 entered as apprentice under his brother, 
John A. Klein, to learn the jewelry trade, in 
which he early acquired great proficiency. 
After serving three years he began, in 1858, to 
work at his chosen calling at Richmond, Ind. , 
with Charles Dickenson, and one year later 
went south, locating at Vicksburg, where he 
carried on business until the breaking out of the 
war in 1861, when he returned home and en- 
listed in company E, Nineteenth Indiana vol- 
unteer infantry, for three years. Owing to 
physical disability, he was discharged after a 
few months' service, but, after regaining his 
health, re-enlisted in the same company in 
October, 1861, and shared, with his comrades, 
all the vicissitudes of war, until his honorable 
discharge at the cessation of hostilities in 1865. 
During his period of service he participated in 
many of the leading battles of the Virginia 
campaign, including, among others, second 
battle of Bull Run, South Mountain, Antietam, 
Fredericksburg, Fitz Hugh Crossing, Chancel- 
lorsville, and Gettysburg, in the last of which 
he received a severe wound in the hip, which 
necessitated his being sent to the United States 


liospital of Philadelphia. Later he was trans- 
ferred to the hospital at Indianapolis, and was 
absent from his command for a period of about 
four months. After having sufficiently recov- 
ered, he rejoined his regiment and took part 
in the bloody battles of Mine Run, Wilderness, 
Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Wel- 
don Railroad, Hatcher's Run, and a number of 
lesser engagements, in all of which his conduct 
was that of a brave soldier. 

He has in his posse.ssion a beautiful record, 
in silk, containing the names of corps, brigade 
and regiment to which he belonged, and all 
the battles in which his command took part. 
On returning home he resumed the jewelry 
business, being at this time the leader in that 
line in Muncie. Since 1878 he has been sole 
proprietor of a large establishment which con- 
tains a magnificent stock, calculated to meet 
all the demands of the current trade. Mr, 
Klein is also interested in the manufacture of 
artificial ice in Muncie, beside which he has 
been a libe al promoter of the various enter- 
prises which have given Muncie its present 
high standing as the leading manufacturing 
city of Indiana. Mr. Klein is a republican, 
and fraternally belongs to the Masonic order, 
in which he stands high, having taken the 
Thirty-second degree. He also belongs to the 
society of Elks. Mr. Klein was married Feb- 
ruary 19, 1866, to Sarah C. Spilker, of Mun- 
cie, and sister of Geo. W. Spilker, mention of 
whom is found on another page of this volume. 
This marriage was blessed with the birth of 
five children, whose names are as follows: 
Efifie, deceased; Geo. A., Edward M., Arm- 
stead M. and Fred A. Mrs. Klein died No- 
vember 17, 18S7, and July 29, 1889, Mr. 
Klein was united in marriage with Flora Pat- 
terson, of Virginia. Mr. and Mrs. Klein are 
members of the Presbyterian and Methodist 
Protestant churches, respectively. 

Armstead Mason Klein, the pioneer jeweler 

of Muncie, was born at tht' town of Water- 
ford, Loudoun county, \'a., on the 26th day 
of June, 1S17. His father kept a hotel at 
that town, and apprenticed his son for eight 
years to a jeweler at Leesburg, \'a. Armstead 
reached Newark, Ohio, early in 1837, and. 
within a few months thereafter, married Sarah 
E. Ethell. In the fall of the same year he 
located at Evansville, Ind. , and late in the 
fall of 1838 came to Muncie. There were a 
few clocks and watches to be repaired in the 
village and county, and he found sufficient 


do to provide a very good livelihood 

for his family. About 1846 he opened a shop, 
■ the first of its kind in Delaware county, and 
situated on west Main street in a little frame 
I house. He kept abreast of the times, increas- 
ing his stock as occasion demanded, until he 
carried a fine line of goods valued at thousands 
of dollars. He worked at the bench sixteen 
and eighteen hours a day, for many years, 
I and only gave up the laborious part of his 
[ business to his sons, five years ago. 
I His first wife died March 2, 1859, leaving 
him with the care of five children, one of whom 
has since followed her to the grave, leaving 
Henry C., Madison C, William C, and Sarah 
E. On the 26th day of June, 1859, he married 
Justina Hardy. This union was blessed with 
j two children, both now deceased. 
' Mr. Klein was a well known citizen, and 

j no words of eulogy from our pen could add to 
his popularity, or the high grade in which he 
was held by all who know him. He was a per- 
i sistent worker, always honest and upright in 
his business transactions, and in his social rela- 
'tions genial and hospitable. In the summer 
1 of 1853 he united with the Masonic and Odd 
j Fellows' fraternities at Muncie. He was a 
Knight Templar in the former, and in the lat- 
ter took all the degrees in the subordinate 
I lodge and encampment, and was a member of 
I the grand lodge of Indiana. He was an ardent 



republican in politics, and served four years as 
a member of the city council of Muncie. 

m April 2, 1848. His parents are Peter 
A 1 and Katharine (Rinard) Koons, both 
natives of Henry county, Ind. , where 
they still live in the old homestead in Blue 
River township, respected by all, and loved 
most by those who know them best; they are 
honest, industrious, hospitable, unpretentious 
people. His ancestors were lovers of rural 
life, tillers of the soil, and were noted for 
industry, thrift and the prompt payment of 
debts. He is of German and Anglo-saxon 
descent. His grandparents on his father's side 
were George and Mary Koons, and on his 
mother's side were Nancy (Reddy) Rinard and 
George Rinard, who was a local preacher, and 
a very ardent abolitionist. His grandmother, 
Mary Koons, was a woman of remarkable 
memory, always keeping herself thoroughly 
posted in the doings of her ten children and 
her numerous grandchildren, being able, up to 
the time of her death, at the age of eighty- 
five years, to give in detail the condition of the 
affairs of each and all of them, which she took 
great delight in doing, taking to the last the 
keenest, liveliest interest in their welfare. 

Judge Koons received his education in the 
common schools and at the New Castle acad- 
emy in Henry county, and at the State univer- 
sity at Bloomington. At the age of fourteen 
he began teaching in the common schools of 
Henry county. While a student at the New 
Castle academy, he taught in the country 
schools during the winter, and became well 
known as a successful common school teacher. 
After finishing his course of academic study, 
he served four years as superintendent of the 
schools of Middletown, Henry county, Ind., 

where he gained an enviable reputation as a 
thorough and capable instructor. Having pre- 
viously pursued his legal studies under Messrs. 
Brown & Polk, attorneys at New Castle, he 
entered the law department of the State uni- 
versity in 1869, where he graduated with 
honors in 1 871, in a class of thirty-three, re- 
ceiving the degree of LL. B. After leaving 
the university he studied law during that sum- 
mer under the instruction and guidance of 
Hon. Jehu T. Elliot, of New Castle. In the 
of fall '71 he again accepted the position as su- 
perintendent of the Middletown schools for 
another year, at the close of which he began 
the practice of law in that town and remained 
there until June of 1874, when he removed to 
Muncie, where he has since remained in the 
enjoyment of a large portion of the legal busi- 
ness of the city and county. For a few years 
after coming to Muncie, he struggled along 
with apparently indifferent success, but by dint 
of industry, pluck, energy and perseverance, 
he gradually arose to the front rank among the 
lawyers of the Delaware county bar. 

Politically, the judge has been a life-long 
republican, and at one time was a candidate 
for the nomination by his party for the state 
legislature, but was defeated in the contest by 
the Hon. John W. Ryan. In 1892 he defeat- 
ed the Hon. J. N. Templer for the nomina- 
tion for judge of the Forty-sixth judicial cir- 
cuit of Indiana, at the primary election held in 
Delaware county, receiving the nomination of 
his party by a large majority of all the votes 
cast, and in the fall of that year was elected 
by a majority of 2, 024 votes over his democrat- 
ic competitor, the Hon. Chas. W. Kilgore, 
Rev. E. Holdstock, candidate on the prohibi- 
tion ticket, receiving a vote of 214. After his 
election, upon receiving his commission he 
immediately assumed the duties of his office 
and has continued to discharge the same with 
the wisdom and dignity expected of him by the 

/^ -L^OO-O 





people. As a judge he is popular alike with 
the lawyers and the litigants. He possesses a 
clear, judicial mind and enunciates his rulings 
with clearness and impartiality, is strictly up- 
right and honest and commands the respect 
and confidence of the people. He is blessed 
in a high degree with those qualities which are 
so necessary to success in the profession of 
law, and has been recognized for many years 
as a sound advocate, an able, safe and wise , 
counselor and adviser. He is a man of broad, ' 
humanitarian views, thoroughly democratic in 
feeling, and in close sympathy with his fellow 
men; a lover of all that is real, noble and 
good in humanity, and a steadfast friend of 
humble, lowly, well-meaning men in all the 
walks of life. Fraternally, the judge is a 
member of the A. O. U. W. and of the Im- 
proved Order of Red Men, and while at col- 
lege became a member of the Phi Kappi Psi 
Greek fraternity. He was a charter member 
of the Literary and Scientific association of 
Muncie, out of which grew the Literary Fire- 
side, the LTterary Home Circle, and finally the 
Ethical society, with the last three of which 
societies he and his wife have been prominent- 
ly identified, both being charter members. 

He was united in marriage September 6, 
1 87 1, to Josinah V. Hickman, daughter of 
William H. and Clarissa W. Hickman. They 
have four children, three of whom a e living. 
He is a kind husband and father, and his 
home life is a beautiful, quiet, and happy one. 

^'TX RS. J. V. H. KOONS is number three 
■ I ■ in a family of nine children. Her 

V 1 ^ father was William H. Hickman, 

whose mother was Josinah Van- 

matre Hickman and whose father was Joshua 

Lewis Hickman, a pioneer Baptist preacher, 

and whoso grandfather was Ezekiel Hickman, 
a captain in the Revolutionary war, who 
mortgaged a tract of land in Alleghany county, 
Pa., to one Isaac Mason and raised a company 
of seventy-five men and furnished them with 
horses at his own expense. 

Her mother was Clarissa Williams, daugh- 
ter of Rachael (Ball) Williams and David 
Williams of Lebanon, Ohio, whose paternal 
grandfather was William Williams, who was 
also a soldier of the Revolution, and came 
from Wales and was of the family of Roger 
Williams. From her mother she inherits her 
taste and talent for poetry. Her childhood 
was spent in the old home where she was born 
near Springport, Henry county, Ind. She 
attended the district schools and availed her- 
self of the meager advantages the}' afforded, 
afterward teaching successfully in the country 
schools. Once she received fifteen dollars 
more than the sum she had agreed to teach 
for, because, in the language of one of the 
trustees "She has teached the school better 
than a man could teach it." 

She early began to write original verses. 
The first to receive favorable mention ap- 
peared in the Lebanon (Ohio) Western Star, 
February 23, i860, and since that time, as 
fancy has dictated or opportunity afforded, 
she has written stories, sketches and poems, 
some of which have gone the rounds of the 
papers, receiving their full meed of praise. 

Little can be said of interest to biography 
lovers of a woman wholly devoted to her home 
and domestic duties, doing through all the best 
years of her life the lowly work that lay be- 
fore her. Only through her poems may 
glimpses here and there be had of the heart's 
struggle and the soul's great hope. She has 
shown us her creed in her peom entitled 
"White Days," in which she defines the word 
as follows: " The creeds are but notes in the 
world's hymn of praise. " 



The Muncie Times says of her: 


In Indiana's annals, 

"In the long- 
Hereafter of her speech and song-," 
besides the names of her Wallace, her Eggles- 
ton and her Riley, many -will stand forth as 
representatives of all that is best and purest 
in the literature of our state. Muncie can at 
least boast one truly inspirational poet in the 
person of Mrs. J. V. H. Koons. At her beau- 
tiful home in Riverside she creates without 
any study or effort those gems of melodious 
versification which glow with the "humanity 
of her sympathy," and which show a delight- 
ful familiarity with all that is artistic, tender 
and elevating in song. With a magnetic 
touch she charms the ear and shows the warm 
and tender heart of noble woman and the 
friend as well as the true poet. Whatever is 
best, purest and truest is voiced in her fervid 
and loving strains. 

She is the wife of Judge George H. Koons, 
and the mother of four children, three of 
whom are, Clara, Reda, and George Koons, 
jr. Mary Maud, the eldest, died in babyhood. 

The reader will view with pleasure, on the 
following pages, the life-like portrait of Mrs. 
J. V. H. Koons, and also that of her husband, 
Judge George H. Koons. 


'ILLIAM P. KOONS, a prominent 
member of the Delaware county 
bar and a rising lawyer of eastern 
Indiana, was born in the county of 
Henry, this state, on the loth day of Decem- 
ber, 1862. He is the son of Peter Koons and 
brother of Hon. G. H. Koons, the present 
judge of the Delaware circuit court. Mr. 
Koons attended the country schools and re- 

mained on the home farm in Henry county 
until his fourteenth year, at which early age 
he began to teach, and was thus employed four 
consecutive years at the same place. The 
school over which young Koons exercised super- 
vision had an unsavory reputation, and before 
he accepted the position four teachers had 
already been compelled to withdraw on ac- 
count of the insubordination of a class of 
young men who attended for the purpose of 
creating a disturbance. Mr. Koons' success 
as an instructor is attested by the fact that, 
during the four terms which he taught at that 
point, he was never compelled to resort to cor- 
poral punishment of any kind, a record unpre- 
cedented in that locality. Subsequently Mr. 
Koons attended three successive years the 
Muncie high school, after which he resumed 
educational work, teaching six terms in Henry 
county at the towns of Messick and Hillsboro, 
reading law in the meantime with his brother, 
Hon. George H. Koons, of Muncie. After 
becoming familiar with the principles of his 
profession he was admitted to the Ijarin 1889, 
and began the practice with his brother, with 
whom he remained until appointed, by Joseph 
Leffler, deputy prosecuting attorney. He dis- 
charged the duties of that position in a very 
able and satisfactory manner until the election 
of his brother to the judgeship, after which he 
resigned and took charge of the latter's exten- 
sive legal business, and has been one of the 
active practitioners at the Muncie bar ever 
since. Mr. Koons is ambitious and zealous in 
his chosen profession, and as a rising lawyer 
has undoubtedly a promising future. He is 
well grounded in the principles of the law, is 
a ready advocate, a wise and safe counselor, 
and his abilities are frequently recognized by 
his retention in many important and intricate 
cases. Mr. Koons was married June 28, 1892, 
to Miss Jennie, daughter of Samuel and Cath- 
erine (Allender) Downs, of Hillsboro, Ind. 



^^EORGE F. LEAGER. deceased, the 
■ ^\ famous restaurateur of Muncie, was 
\^_^ born in Caroline county, Maryland, 
August 12, 'S40. His parents, Ris- 
dom and Susan (Digging) Leager, were 
also natives of Maryland and were mar- 
ried in 1835. The father, however, died 
eleven years later, leaving his widow with two 
sons, George F. and Thomas, and a daughter, 
Mary. George F. Leager was reared on the 
old homestead and early inured to hard work 
on the farm before the war, he being the oldest 
male member of the family after his father's 
death. At the outbreak of hostilities he en- 
listed in company D, First regiment Maryland 
Eastern Shore volunteers, September 11, 1861, 
and served until honorablj- discharged, Novem- 
ber 2, 1864. He participated in the battle of 
Gettysburg and others, but was chiefly on 
duty in guarding the peninsula of Maryland 
and Virginia. While thus employed he there 
met, in 1861, Miss Sarah E. Melson, a daugh- 
ter of John and Margaret (Kelley) Melson, 
who reside at Accomac C. H., she being then 
but thirteen years of age. Mr. Leager was at 
that time suffering from some slight disability 
incurred in the performance of his duty as 
guard, and was in the habit of calling at the 
dwelling of the Melson family to obtain supplies 
of butter, milk, etc., and thus during his year's 
detail as guard, an acquaintanceship sprang 
up between himself and the young lady. Af- 
ter the war was over Mr. Leager entered a 
dry goods store at Greensboro, Md. , where he 
was employed some time as clerk, and, in 
1 87 1, came to Muncie, where he engaged as 
dry-goods clerk for B. Smith for a year. 

In 1872 he started a lunch room and con- 
fectionery in the Patterson block, opposite the 
Walnut street opera house, and at once be- 
came popular with the public. He began 
with a capital of $600 or $700, but his place 
became a favorite resort, and he kept the 

same room seventeen years. In the mean- 
time, about 1874, a brother-in-law. Rev. R. C. 
Jones, who had been in the same regiment 
with Mr. Leager, had occasion to visit Virgin- 
ia, and while in that state called on the Mel- 
son family, met the young lady, who was but 
a mere child when Mr. Leager had been doing 
guard duty, and found her still single. Mr. 
Jones recalled to her mind the Yankee soldier 
(if, indeed, she needed any reminder) and sug- 
gested a correspondence. The suggestion was 
adopted and the result was the union, in 1878, 
of the southern belle with the northern war- 

Mr. Leager, however, had been in delicate 
health ever after leaving the army, and August 
2, 1890, succumbed to the disorder therein 
incurred, at the age of fifty years, lacking ten 
days. He was an active member of the High 
street Methodist Episcopal church, was a 
class leader, and a member of the official 
board for many years. He was also a charter 
member of the Improved Order of Red Men 
of Muncie, and a member of the Royal Arca- 
num and the G. A. R. Mr. Leager had been 
the mainstay of his widowed mother from the 
time of his father's death, and the support of 
the other bereaved members of the family. 
He brought them all with him to Muncie in 
1 87 1, and here the mother passed away in 
April, 1888, at the age of seventy-three years, 
a devout Methodist. 

>^OSEPH G. LEFFLER, a prominent 
m lawyer of Muncie and prosecuting at- 
/• J torney of Delaware county, was born 
in Hamilton township, Delaware county, 
Ind., December 26, 1864, son of Philip and 
Mary (Girard) Leffler, natives of Ohio, both of 
whom were brought to this state by their par- 
ents in early childhood. The mother of Joseph 



G. died when he was but four years of age. 
Philip Leffler has always been engaged in ag- 
ricultural pursuits in Hamilton township, where 
his father, also named Philip Leffler, settled 
many years ago, having been one of the pio- 
neers of that section. The latter purchased a 
large tract of land of the government in the 
township of Hamilton, developed a fine farm, 
and in connection with agriculture carried on 
the tanner's trade, in both of which he was 
very successful. The father of Joseph G. 
Leffler was a stanch republican in his political 
belief, and proved his loyalty to his country, 
in 1863, by enlisting and serving gallantly until 
the close of the rebellion. Two of his three 
children are still living, namely: James Harvey, 
a hardware merchant of Albany, and Joseph G. 
Joseph G. Leffler passed the years of his 
youth and early manhood on his father's farm, 
received his primary education in the public 
schools, with some further instruction at the 
Danville Normal, but he is chiefly self-educated. 
When eighteen years of age he was sufficiently 
advanced in his studies to secure a teacher's 
license, and was employed four consecutive 
terms as teacher of the Center school, Hamil- 
ton township, where he earned a reputation of 
a careful and painstaking instructor. 

In 1884 he began reading law in the office 
of W. W. Orr and J. C. Mallette, was admit- 
ted to the Delaware county bar in 1888, and 
by diligent attention to his profession soon 
won for himself a conspicuous place among the 
successful attorneys of Muncie. Politically 
Mr. Leffler is, like his father before him, a re- 
pubhcan, and takes an active interest in the 
welfare of the party, which, recognizing his 
efficient services, has rewarded him by an 
election to an important official position. In 
1 890 he was elected to the office of county 
prosecutor, and in November, 1892, was 
honored by a re-election to the same position, 
the duties of which he has discharged in a 

manner highly creditable to himself and satis- 
factory to the people of the county. Mr. 
Leffler is an active political worker, an effect- 
ive and forcible speaker, and his ability in this 
direction has been very effectually employed in a 
number of campaigns. He is well informed 
in the principles of his profession, untiring in 
his efforts to mete out justice to violators of the 
law, and has before him a future fraught with 
much promise. Fraternally, Mr. Leffler is a 
member of Welcome lodge. Knights of Pythias, 
is identified with the Improved Order of Red 
Men, belongs to the Sons of Veterans, and is 
a charter member of the Ancile club. In 1890 
Mr. Leffler and Miss Laura Emerson, daugh- 
ter of Joseph Emerson, were united in the 
holy bonds of wedlock, to which marriage one 
child, Mary Eugenia, has been born. Mrs. 
Leffler is a valued member of the First Baptist 
church and is one of the popular ladies of 


M county of Delaware, Ind., has within 
/• J its borders many men of prominence in 
business circles, well known manufact- 
urers, skillful physicians and lawyers of state 
reputation; and she is not lacking in those 
who have obtained prominence on account of 
intellectual merit in other and just as impor- 
tant callings. Among the latter Prof. John 
Lewellen, the present efficient county superin- 
tendent of schools, occupies a conspicuous 
place. ■ Prof. Lewellen's birth occurred in the 
town of Smithfield, Liberty township, Dela- 
ware conty, Ind., on the 31st of July, 1852, a 
son of Z. M. and Sarah Ann (Truitt) Lewellen, 
natives of Virginia and Indiana, and of Welsh 
and English lineage respectively. These par- 
ents settled in Delaware county a number of 
years ago; the mother died June 3, 1893, but 




the father is still living, being among the old 
and substantial residents of Seltna, Liberty 
township. Prof. Lewellen is the eldest of a 
family of six children. He was reared in 
Liberty and Harrison townships, and enjoyed 
excellent educational advantages, attending 
first the schools of the township and subse- 
quently the Methodist college at Xenia, Ohio, 
the National Normal school of Lebanon, the 
same state, and the Northern Indiana Normal 
at Valparaiso, Ind., in the last named of which 
he finished the scientific course, graduating in 
1877. Following this excellent preparation. 
Prof. Lewellen taught one term of school at 
the town of Eaton, and then accepted a simi- 
lar position at Albany, where he followed the 
profession successfully for a period of six 
years, conducting a normal school for teachers 
in the meantime. In 1883 he was elected 
county -superintendent of Delaware county, 
and has since discharged the duties of that 
position in a highly satisfactory manner, hav- 
ing been unanimously re-elected each succeed- 
ing term, which fact is not only a compliment 
to his ability as an official, but attests his 
great personal popularity with the people. 

Prof. Lewellen is a man of great force of 
character, possesses executive ability of a very 
high order, and under his able supervision the 
schools of the county have been brought to 
their present state of efficiency. The recent 
improvements in the grading of the country 
schools have been brought about altogether by 
his efforts, and through his influence, a class 
of teachers of exceptional professional ability 
has been secured, and the present high 
standard attained by the schools of Delaware 
county will compare favorably with that of 
any other part of the state. Mr. Lewellen is 
the originator of an outline course of study for 
district schools, which he has had copy- 
righted, and which is being extensively 
adopted in a number of counties of Indiana 

and other states. As a school official. Prof. 
Lewellen is widely and favorably known 
throughout Indiana, and his suggestions per- 
taining to matters educational are respectfully 
listened to in all the conventions of county 
superintendents which he attends. Politically, 
he is a republican, and as such wields a 
potent influence for his party in Delaware 
county. He is a member of the Literary 
Fireside, and of the Pythian fraternity, in the 
latter of which he is past chancellor. He also 
belongs to Heart and Hand lodge, No. 361, of 
Albany, I. O. O. F. , being past grand in the 
same, and is an active member of Muncie 
tribe. No. 144, of Red Men, also of F. &. 
A. M. Prof. Lewellen was united in marriage 
December 25, 1877, to Miss Huldah Eleanor 
Crampton, daughter of Mahlon Crampton, of 
Harrison township, to which union two chil- 
dren have been born, namely: Albert Ross and 
Harry Crampton Lewellen. Mr. and Mrs. 
Lewellen are members of the Methodist Epis- 
copal church, and for the past two years have 
been teachers in the Sunday school. While 
residing in Albany, Prof. Lewellen officiated 
as Sunday school superintendent, and did 
much in awakening and keeping alive the 
religious interest in that place. 

>^OHN W. LITTLE, a prominent real 
m estate dealer of Muncie, was born in 
/• ■ the city of Philadelphia, Pa., March 13, 
1844, the son of John L. and Mary A. 
(Wilson) Little. John L. Little was a native 
of New Jersey, born in the year 1818, and his 
ancestors for several generations lived in that 
state. His parents were John and Mercy 
(Herbert) Little, both natives o' New Jersey 
and the father a farmer by occupation. John 
L. Little also was reared on a farm, and 
when a young man learned the saddler's trade, 



which he followed successfully in the city of 
Philadelphia. In after years he engaged in 
general merchandising for a coal company in 
the interior of the state, but subsequently re- 
turned to Philadelphia, where he engaged in 
business, and in the spring of 1858 came to 
Muncie, Ind. , where until 1866 he dealt quite 
extensively in dry goods. In the latter year 
he began dealing in sewing machines, and was 
thus employed until 1870, at which time he 
began the manufacture of feather dusters, es- 
tablishing the first and only enterprise of the 
kind ever operated in the city of Muncie. He 
disposed of his interest in this concern in 1882, 
and opened an insurance office and did a very 
flourishing business in that line until 1892, on 
September 16 of which year his death oc- 
curred. He was married in the city of Phila- 
delphia, in 1840, to Mary Ann Wilson, who 
bore him five children, namely: William L. , 
boot and shoe dealer of Muncie; John W. , 
whose name introduces this sketch; H. W. , 
deceased; Mary, wife of Dr. A. J. Finney; 
and D. B. F. , of Elwood, Ind. The mother 
of these children, at the age of sixty-eight 
years, died in Muncie. Mr. Little was a man 
of local prominence in Delaware county, took 
an active part in the material development of 
Muncie, and erected several buildings which 
are among the most substantial in the city. 
He was noted for his eminent social qualities, 
which made him popular with all, and his be- 
nevolence endeared him to a number of fami- 
lies of Muncie that received many tokens of 
his favor. He was the first man to introduce 
the use of coal oil in this city, and, in partner- 
ship with Thomas E. Neely, bought the first 
sewing machine that was ever used in Dela- 
ware county. Following are the names of the 
brothers and sisters of John L. Little: Gilbert 
C, J. H., Maria, Catherine, Ann, Hannah L. , 
Elizabeth and Jane, all deceased but Hannah, 
Elizabeth and Jane. 

John W. Little spent the first fourteen 
years of his life in his native state, where he 
received his early educational training, and in 
1858 accompanied his father to Muncie, in the 
schools of which city he pursued his studies 
until the breaking out of the late rebellion. In 
August, 1 86 1, he responded to the countr3''s 
call for volunteers, enlisting in company B, 
Thirty-sixth Indiana volunteer infantry, for the 
three years' service. He was with his com- 
mand until honorably discharged, September, 
1864, at Indianapolis, a period of three years 
and one month, during which time he partici- 
pated in a number of bloody battles, including 
Shiloh, Perryville, Murfreesboro, Lookout 
Mountain, Mission Ridge, Chickamauga, and 
the various engagements of the Atlanta cam- 
paign. In 1864, at Resaca, Ga. , he received a 
severe wound in the arm, which necessitated 
his remaining in the hospital for a period of 
three months. After h'is discharge, he returned 
to Muncie and embarked in the dry goods 
business, -which he continued until 1S66, when 
he went to Chicago, thence to Memphis, Tenn., 
where he clerked in a dry goods house until 
1868. From the latter year until 1871, he 
traveled for a sewing machine company, selling 
machines and attachments, and then became a 
partner with his father in the manufacture of 
feather dusters at Muncie, a relationship which 
continued until 1882, when the son became 
sole proprietor. After operating his factory 
until 1889, he sold out to Chicago parties, and 
engaged in real estate and loan business, to 
which he has since devoted his entire attention, 
and in which he has met with most gratifying 

Mr. Little was married, in 1866, to Miss 
Flora Case, who died January 2, 1868. On 
the 1 1 th day of June, 1871, Mr. Little was 
united in marriage to Miss Cornelia Long- 
streth of Lebanon, Ohio, who departed this 
life on the i6th day of June, 1889. Mr. 


Little's third niarriaye was solemnized on the 
28th day of December, 1891, in Muncie, with 
Miss Eva Hageman of Lebanon, Ohio, daugh- 
ter of Joseph and Amanda J. Hageman. Mr. 
Little has been a member of the I. O. O. F. 
for twenty-five years, and is a member of the 
G. A. R. of Muncie, his name appearing on 
the charter of the post of this city. From 
1885 to 1887 and from 1890 to 1892, he was a 
member of the common council of ^tuncie, 
and, during that time, looked after the city's 
interest by promoting some very important 
municipal legislation. A republican in politics, 
he has never sought official recognition, but 
his party has always found in him a wise coun- 
selor and earnest supporter. His religious 
faith is that of the Presbyterian creed, and he 
and wife are active members of the congrega- 
tion worshiping in Muncie. Possessing an 
active mind and having been trained to habits 
of industry, Mr. Little has made a success of 
life, and in the city of Muncie, where so many 
of his years have been passed, few enjoy the 
confidence and esteem of the public in a more 
generous degree. He is always interested in 
everything that pertains to the welfare of the 
city and county, and his many sterling quali- 
ties of manhood have rendered him one of 
^^uncie's most useful and respected citizens. 

* w ^ ON. ORLANDO JAY LOTZ, judge 
1'''^^ of the appellate court of Indiana, 
I ^ P representing the Fourth judicial dis- 
trict, was born January 15, 185 1, in 
Jay county, Ind. , son of Jeremiah and Melissa 
A. Lotz. The father, whose birth occurred 
December, 1824, in Gallia county, Ohio, is a 
son of Abraham Lotz, who left the Buckeye 
state as early as the year 1830, immigrating to 
Indiana and locating in the county of Jay. 
For a number of years Jeremiah Lotz followed 

the fanner's vocation, but subsequently, about 
1863, entered the internal revenue service of 
the United States, with which he is still iden- 
tified, being the oldest living official in that 
department of the government. His wife, 
whom he married about the year 1845, and 
whose maiden name was Melissa A. Schutt, 
was born of German and French parentage 
and departed this life in the year 1877 in Ran- 
dolph county. 

Orlando J. Lotz spent his youthful years 
amid the active duties of the farm, received 
his rudimentary education in the common 
schools, and later pursued the more advanced 
branches of learning in the high school of 
Fort Recovery, Ohio. Subsequently, he was 
engaged, for a limited period, as a teacher, 
but having early chosen the legal profession 
for his life work, he began the study of law in 
1873. Having gained a knowledge of the 
principles of his profession, Mr. Lotz entered 
the National Law school of Washington, D. 
C., in which he completed his prescribed 
course, graduating in 1874, and the following 
year began the practice in Muncie, Ind. From 
the beginning of his professional life Mr. Lotz 
exhibited a high order of talent, and won for 
himself the reputation of an able and success- 
ful lawyer. 

In March, 1885, upon the creation of the 
Forty-sixth judicial circuit, Mr. Lotz was ap- 
pointed judge of the same, and at the ensuing 
election, in 1886, was duly chosen his own 
successor by the direct vote of the people. 
He adorned the circuit bench for a period of 
seven years and eight months, at the end of 
which time he was called to a higher position 
of usefulness, being elected, in 1892, judge of 
the appellate court of Indiana from the Fourth 
judicial district. As a lawyer. Judge Lotz is 
studious, careful and judicious in the prepara- 
tion of legal papers, and painstaking and 
thorough in their presentation to the court. 



He was successful in the practice and came to 
the bench with the knowledge that fitted him 
for a good judge. Few judges of his age have 
acquired so high a reputation for soundness in 
the knowledge of the law, and for careful ap- 
plication of principles in the investigation and 
determination of questions sumitted for his 
disposal. Always ready in grasping facts per- 
tinent to the issues involved, and fortified by 
his convictions of right, he seldom committed 
errors of sufficient import to justify reversal at 
the hands of the supreme court. As the out- 
growth of his legal acumen and power of anal- 
ysis, he came upon the bench at a compara- 
tively early age, and, leaving that position with 
well earned judicial honors, it is but reasonable 
to predict for him a career of distinction as a 
member of the high tribunal to which he has 
so recently been called. Eminently popular 
in the profession. Judge Lotz is equally so as a 
man and citizen, and is held in great esteem 
by his fellow citizens. Politically, he is a 
democrat, and as such is recognized as a 
potent factor in the councils of his party in 

Judge Lotz was united in marriage May i6, 
1878, in Muncie, to Miss Amanda Inlow, 
daughter of Walter and Rachael Inlow, resi- 
dents of Delaware county; one child has been 
born of this marriage, a son, Walter J. Lotz. 

^^j»AMES B. LUDLOW, the senior- part- 
M ner of the firm of Ludlow & Glass, 
/• 1 general contractors and builders, with 
office at 501 South Jefferson street, 
Muncie, Ind., is the son of Israel D. and Eliza 
(McMillen) Ludlow, and was born in Miami 
county, Ohio, December 4, 1832. He was 
reared on a farm, but received an education at 
the common schools, which was somewhat 
above the ordinary training of farm lads of 

that day. In 1850 he entered upon an ap- 
prenticeship of three years with Lane & 
Buckles, carpenters, at Piqua, Ohio, and, 
after fully learning the trade, took a position 
as foreman in the door factory of Diltz & Sons, 
with whom he remained three years; then fol- 
lowed his trade in Troy, Ohio, for nine 
months; in April, 1856, he went to Galesburg, 
111., and assisted in the erection of Knox col- 
lege, and in the fall of 1856 went to Peoria, 
and for eight years was foreman for A. J. 
Hodges, one of the heaviest contractors of 
that city. In the spring of 1864 he came to 
Muncie, where he worked for P. H. D. Bandey 
and also for Martin Young; later had charge 
of the wood work and repairs of the bagging 
mill of James Boyce. After this he engaged 
for six years years in manufacturing and deal- 
ing in furniture, and later was pattern maker 
and millwright for the Wysor, Haines & Patter- 
son machine shop. About 1883 he went to 
Florida, and for five or six years was a con- 
tractor in St. Augustine, Chulooto and Oviedo, 
meeting with the most flattering success. 
About 1888 he returned to Muncie, and for a 
year did contracting on his sole account. In 
1889 he formed a partnership with Mr. Lee 
M. Glass, and established the present thriving 
business. Among the edifices erected by this 
enterprising firm maj' be named those for 
J. W. Heath, M. E. Vandercook, Vernon 
Davis, Carl A. Spilker, P. S. Heath, Bowers 
Bros., Muncie Glass factory and Young & 
Kessler. The firm, which is a progressive one, 
pride themselves on the superior character of 
their work, and consider it their best recom- 
mendation, and this is verified by the fact 
that, in 1892, their contracts amounted to 
$150,000.00. They employ, in the busy 
season, from twenty to fifty hands, and all of 
them are first-class workmen. Much credit is 
due to both partners for their industry and 
intelligent management of their business, as 



they had no outside financial aid at the start: 
and, as an illustration of Mr. Ludlow's indomi- 
table spirit, it may be mentioned that when he 
came to Muncie to remain he walked four 
miles to his work night and morning, receiving 
$ 1 . 50 per day for his labor. 

In 1855 Mr. Ludlow was happily united in ■ 
marriage with Harriet Merriweather, at Piqua, 
Ohio. To this union have been born four 
children, viz: Lizzie, who was born in Piqua, 
Ohio, but died at Peoria, 111., at the age of 
seven years; Ida, born at Peoria, and now at 
home with her parents; George W. , who was 
born at Peoria in 1 862 ; he was a machinist in 
the Indiana Bridge works, but, sad to relate, 
was killed while performing his duty, leaving 
a bride whom he had married only si.x weeks 
previously. The youngest child of Mr. Lud- 
low is Lottie M., who was born in Muncie, and 
is the wife of Ed. B Tyler, bookkeeper for 
the Iron Bridge company. Mr. Ludlow is a 
member of Delaware lodge, A. F. & A. M. ; 
and he has been a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal congregation for forty-two years, is 
a trustee of the High street church, and a 
member of the building and loan improvement 

To refer to the proximate genealogy of 
Mr. Ludlow, it is proper to state that his par- 
ents were natives of Cincinnati, and that the 
paternal grandparents came from New Jersey 
at a very early date, with subjecfs great- 
grandfather, who erected the first frame dwell- 
ing in that then infant city. They were of 
Scotch-Irish stock, and by marriage Salmon 
P. Chase was connected with the family. The 
maternal ancestors bore the name of McMillen, 
and were of Irish Presbyterian descent. Grand- 
father McMillen was a magistrate in Cincin- 
nati, and at one time had the unbounded au- 
dacity to order William Henry Harrison, then 
a lieutenant, to be whipped for insubordina- 
tion, but the sentence was suspended. 

>^AMES H. McCLUNG, of the firm of 
J Wildman & McClung, publishers and 
A 1 proprietors of the Muncie Times, was 
born in New Albany, Ind., February 7, 
1834. His father, also named James H., was 
a native of Rockbridge county, Va. , born 
September 23, 1807; his mother, who bore the 
maiden name of Mary Collins, was born in 
1 8 10, in Madison county, Ky. . whither her 
parents had emigrated from Virginia. The 
father died at Fredericksburg, Ind. ; the mother, 
who, after her husband's death, had been 
married to W. H. Green, a prominent news- 

I paper man of the state, died at Brookville, 
Ind., June 5, 1887. James H., Jr., led the 
uneventful life of a boy about a printing office, 
with intervals of attendance at school in win- 
ter, until si.xteen years of age, when he was 
placed on the footing of a journeyman printer 
and was paid journeyman's wages, at that 

[ time eight dollars per week. With the excep- 
tion of an additional attendance at school in 

' 1852, he worked as a journeyman until twenty- 
two years of age, and then purchased a half 
interest in the office of the Connersville Times, 
and in connection with Mr. Green, his step- 
father, conducted the paper until December, 

[ 1856, when he purchased the office of the 
Liberty Herald, then called the Union County 
Herald, which he owned and conducted for 
almost eleven years. In August, 1856, Mr. 

i McClung was married to Miss Clarissa Good- 
lander at Connersville. To their happy union 
were born three children, two sons and a 
daughter, all married and with families of 
their own. Mr. McClung enlisted in the early 
part of the war in company G, Thirty-sixth 
Indiana volunteers. He acted as orderly ser- 
geant of his company at Camp Wayne, but 
before leaving camp was commissioned as 
second lieutenant. He served in various ca- 
pacities in the field, being for a time A. A. A. 
G. on the staff of Gen. Jacob Ammen; adjut- 



ant of his regiment, and captain of his original 
company — G. His company was with the 
first of Buell's troops to reach the battle field 
of Shiloh, and besides many skirmishes and 
small engagements was present at Stone River, 
Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge and 
Chickamauga. On the 26th of January, 1864, 
Mr. McClung resigned his commission in the 
army, and returned to Liberty and assumed 
charge of his paper. He has, since selling the 
Liberty Herald office in 1867, been connected, 
as part owner, with the Connersville Times, 
Wabash Plain Dealer and the Muncie Daily 
and Weekly Times, purchasing in connection 
with his son, Charles, a half interest in the 
latter October 24, 1887. 

William H. McClung, the eldest son of 
James H. McClung, was born in Liberty, Ind., 
in September, 1857, and was married at the 
same place to Miss Georgia Pierce, who is now 
the mother of four children. William H. is 
now the foreman of the composition room of 
the Muncie Times. Charles T. McClung was 
born in Liberty, Ind., September 28, 1864; 
was educated in the common schools in his 
native town, and spent his boyhood days in 
the office of his father. He was married in 
Muncie, Ind., March, 1890, to Miss=/Minnie 
Smith, born in Liberty, Ind., in June, 1864, 
daughter of E. P. Smith, a prominent manu- 
facturer of the city. May McClung, the only 
daughter of James H. and Clarissa McClung, 
is the wife of F. H. Barton, a bookkeeper of 
Champaign, 111., and is the mother of six 

>T^OHN McCONNELL was born March 
m 22, 1832, in Scioto county, Ohio, the 
^ I son of William and Arie (Armstrong) 
McConnell. William McConnell was 
born April 10, 1807, and his parents were 
John and Barbara (Bowman) McConnell, the 

father of Scotch-Irish and the mother of Ger- 
man ancestry. John McConnell had a family 
of seven children, all of whom have passed to 
that bourne from which no traveler ever re- 
turns. In the year 1832 William McConnell, 
came to Delaware county, Ind., and entered 
eighty acres of land in section 20, township 
20, range 10, and the following year, moved 
from Ohio to his new home, in what was then 
an almost unbroken wilderness. He lived 
upon this place the greater part of his remain- 
ing life, and in his declining years moved to 
Muncie, where his death occurred in 1878. 
On moving to this county the present prosper- 
ous city of Muncie was but a mere hamlet of 
a few inhabitants, and surrounding the village 
was a dense forest, through which wild ani- 
mals and the scarcely less wild Indian roamed 
at pleasure. Mr. McConnell added to his 
original purchase from time to time, and 
became the possessor of 160 acres of valuable 
land, also some good town property. He was 
a man of local prominence, popular with his 
friends and neighbors, and served as justice of 
the peace for a number of years. His wife 
was a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, and died on the 26th day of February, 
1863. William and Aire McConnell reared 
the following children: Jererriiah, deceased; 
Rosanna, deceased; John; Abraham, of West 
Virginia; Sarah, wife of George Wilhelm; 
Moses, who is living a retired life in Muncie; 
Catherine, wife of Samuel Huston. Three 
others are dead — Levi, George and William. 
As will be seen, by reference to the above 
dates, John McConnell was but one year old 
when brought by his parents to Delaware 
county, in the growth and development of 
which he has borne no inconsiderable part. 
Reared to manhood amid the scenes of pio- 
neer times, his early life, of necessity, was one 
of hard work and considerable privation, and 
such educational advantages as the country at 




that time afforded were obtained in the old log 
school house, which he attended at intervals of 
about two months of the year during his mi- 
nority. He recalls the primitive log structure, 
with puncheon floor, greased paper windows, 
slab benches, and large fire place, which took 
up about one-fourth of the end of the building, 
while the writing desk was made of unplaned 
plank, laid upon pins fastened into the wall. 
In keeping with the building and its rude fur- 
niture was the instruction imparted therein, 
notwithstanding which Mr. McConnell laid the 
foundation of a practical education. He at- 
tended school in Muncie for a brief period and 
remained with his parents until his twenty-first 
year, at which time he began life for himself 
as a farmer, purchasing eighty acres of land in 
Blackford county, for which he paid the sum 
of $550. Subsequently he exchanged this land 
for eighty acres in Monroe township, Delaware 
county, which he improved, and upon which he 
lived until his removal to his present farm in 
section 28, Centre township. His first pur- 
chase in the latter township consisted of eighty 
acres, to which he afterward added forty acres, 
thus making him a very comfortable home and 
valuable farm. Besides this he owns his 
father's old homestead, a part of which has 
been laid out in lots under the name of McCon- 
nellsville. This addition consists of 132 lots, 
and such has been the growth and develop- 
ment of the city that what a few years ago was 
a cultivated field, is now a town of itself. 

The marriage of Mr. McConnell was sol- 
emnized October 7, 1857, in Muncie, with 
Margaret Bowers, who was born December 4, 
1835, in Perry county, Ohio. The parents of 
Mrs. McConnell were George and Margaret 
(Foster) Bowers, the former of Pennsylvania 
and the latter a native of Maryland. The father 
died in Ohio in 1837, ^"d the mother subse- 
quently came to Indiana and died in Muncie 
November 5, 1883. Her birth occurred in 1 809. 

Mr. and Mrs. McConnell are the parents of 
the following children: Oliver; William R. , 
deceased; Charles E., deceased; Laura, wife 
of Levi Stipp; Emily, deceased, and Nellie. 
Mr. and Mrs McConnell are among the few 
pioneers of Delaware county who live to tell 
the story of their early trials and struggles in 
laying a foundation, upon which the prosperi- 
ty and high state of civilization of the western 
country has been builded. Mr. McConnell is 
an intelligent and enterprising man, and for 
one of his years retains undiminished all his 
faculties, both mental and physical. He is a 
man of fine presence, and it is but just to 
state that few citizens of his township are as 
highly and universally respected as he. A 
democrat in politics, he has never been a 
seeker after official position, preferring to give 
his entire attention to his farm. He belongs 
to the I. O. O. F. and the Improved Order of 
Red Men. 

'^j'AMESMcCULLOCH, M. D., deceased, 
■ was born in Springfield, Cumberland 
ntj county. Pa., in 181 3, one of a large 
family, of Scotch ancestry. His earlier 
days were passed on a farm; merchandising 
succeeded, and then teaching, after which he 
was elected, as a democrat, recorder of his na- 
tive county, without solicitation on his part, 
and served his term of office at Carlisle, the 
county seat. In 1856, he became a republi- 
can. In the meantime he read medicine with 
Dr. Baughman, and attended lectures in Phil- 
adelphia, receiving his diploma from the uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania in that city. He com- 
menced practice in Carlisle, and at once arose 
to distinction. In 1851 he married Miss Car- 
oline J., the youngest daughter of Dr. George 
D. Foulke, and soon afterward removed to 
Kingston, in the same county, resided there 



three years, and in the fall of the third re- 
moved to Lancaster, Ohio, and the following 
April, a year, after living a few weeks in Leb- 
anon, Ind., he became a resident of Muncie, 
with his family, in 1856, forming a partnership 
with Dr. George W. Edgerly for a few months. 
He then continued alone in the active practice 
of his profession until failing health compelled 
him to retire. He died on the 3rd day of 
May, 1877, leaving one son — George F. — 
and four daughters. 

@EORGE F. Mcculloch was bom 
on the 25th day of September, 1855, 
in Lancaster, Ohio. His father, 
James McCulloch, was a native of 
Pennsylvania but left that state, emigrating to 
Ohio, thence, about 1856, to Indiana, locating 
in the city of Muncie, where he continued to 
reside for some years. George F. was then 
six , months old, and in. .the Schools of Muncie 
he received a liberal education, completing the 
high school course in 1870. Meanwhile he 
received his first introduction to practical life 
as a clerk in the queensware house of W. J. 
V. H. Cassad}', and after his graduation in the 
year noted, he accepted a position with Will- 
iam Steward as a deliverer of groceries, also 
carried the mail, delivered express matter, and 
handled baggage as his services were required. 
In the spring of 1 871, he engaged with J. L. 
Little as a salesman of sewing machine at- 
tachments for a limited period, and then as a 
clerk with the firm of Todd & Powers, dealers 
in general merchandise, remaining in their em- 
ploy until the fall of the same year. Mr. Mc- 
Culloch was next apprenticed to learn photog- 
raphy with Lon M. Neeley, of Muncie, in 
whose gallery he pursued the study until May, 
1872, at which date he became deputy clerk 
of the Delaware county circuit court under G. 

W. Greene. After the expiration of that 
gentleman's official term, Mr. McCulloch was 
retained by A. L. Kerwood, the successor of 
Mr. Greene, with whom he remained until 
January, 1881, severing his connection with 
the office at that time and effecting a copart- 
nership in the law with John McMahon, Esq. 
The firm thus constituted lasted until August, 
1883, at which time he assumed the duties of 
clerk, to which office he had been elected the 
year previous. 

Mr. McCulloch proved himself both capa- 
ble and popular, and in 1886 he was re-elected 
his own successor. Retiring from the office at 
the expiration of his term in 1891, Mr. McCul- 
loch turned his attention almost entirely to the 
industrial development of Muncie. In the 
organization of the Citizens' Enterprise com- 
pany, he w»s a prominent factor, having been 
made secretary of the soliciting committee, a 
position which he held for some time at the 
earnest solicitation of his associates. In 1892, 
he became interested in the Whitely Land 
company as general manager of the same, and 
to him as much as to any other man is the city 
indebted for the present town of Whitely, one 
of the most flourishing of the several suburbs 
of Muncie. In addition to those noted above, 
he is prominently identified with the Indiana 
Bridge company, the Nelson Glass works, the 
Muncie Natural Gas company, the Street rail- 
way of Muncie, of which he is secretary, and 
for a period of three years was connected with 
the Muncie Transfer company. 

Mr. McCulloch's marriage was solemnized 
September, 11, 1883, with Miss Cora, only 
daughter of Arthur Patterson, of Delaware 
county, the result of which is two children — 
one deceased. Mrs. McCulloch is a highly 
accomplished lady and is a leader in the 
society of Muncie. Her parents are members 
of one of the oldest families in the county of 



iHOMAS McKILLIP, founder of the 
Muncie Herald, and formerly a most 
successful farmer and stock dealer, 
has had a remarkably varied as well 
as prosperous career. He was born in Fayette 
county, Ohio, in 1840. His father, Thomas 
McKillip, also an extensive farmer and stock 
breeder, was born in North Carolina in 1809, 
but when young was taken by his parents to 
Fayette county, Ohio. The mother of our 
subject bore the maiden name of Sarah Pow- 
ell, and was of Scotch-Irish descent. 

Thomas McKillip received a somewhat 
limited education, as school houses were few 
and far between in the wilds of Ohio in his 
youthful days, and they of the rudest construc- 
tion, with tutors of a caliber to correspond. 
The school term consisted of three months 
during the winter, and yet many of the hours 
of this limited time were spent in caring for 
the live stock on the home place — the after- 
noons only, when available, being devoted to 
school. Thus the earlier years of Mr. McKil- 
lip's life were passed away until his majority 
was reached, when, in 1861, he married Miss 
Margaret A. Horney, of Jeffersonville, Fayette 
county, Ohio. But this matrimonial bliss was 
of short duration, as Mrs. McKillip was called 
away in January, 1864, leaving behind her one 
child about two years old. The following 
year, 1865, Mr. McKillip came to Indiana and 
purchased a 400-acre tract of land on the 
south side of Indian Prairie, in Sugar Creek 
township, Clinton county, where he did a very 
extensive business, both at farming and at 
handling cattle, sheep, hogs and mules, selling 
in the Cincinnati, Pittsburg, Buffalo, Indian- 
apolis, Chicago and New York markets for 
sixteen consecutive years. He was regarded 
as an expert in judging live stock, and for a 
number of years was a member of the Clinton 
County Agricultural association. In politics 
he has always been a pronounced democrat. 

and as such served three successive terms as 
township trustee, or six years in all. For a 
number of years, also, he was a member of 
the democratic county committee of Clinton 
county, and has always been an active and 
ardent worker for the good of the party. 

The second marriage of Mr. McKillip took 
place in 1867, to Cyenda A. Wilson, of Clin- 
ton county, Ohio, the result being a daughter 
and a son. 

The panic of 1873 brought to Mr. McKillip, 
as it did to thousands of others, reverse of for- 
tune, and caused him to change the base of 
his operations, and to make a new financial 
start. In 1882 he removed to Muncie, and, 
after sundry business ventures, he decided, in 
1885, to purchase the outfit of the New Castle 
(Henry county) Mercury, which he transferred 
to Muncie, and, placing the plant in the Mitch- 
ell block, on south Walnut street, issued the 
first number of the Muncie Democrat-Herald, 
October 2, 1885. 

In March, 1886, he issued the first number 
of the Daily Herald, which immediately sprang 
into popular favor, and, being newsy and ably 
edited, it has come to be one of the leading 
dailies of eastern Indiana, although the journal 
was nurtured in the lap of poverty. Mr. 
McKillip, ever persistent and energetic, abso- 
lutely "footed it" all through the county, so- 
liciting subscriptions and business for the 
paper, and at last succeeded in establishing on 
a sure foundation this journalistic "little 
giant," that has so triumphantly withstood the 
onslaught of its political foes in this over- 
whelmingly republican county. Mr. McKillip 
is the present chairman of the Delaware county 
democratic committee. His energetic con- 
duct in pushing forward the interests of the 
Herald has won for him the confidence of his 
party, and the support of the party given to 
the Herald has been fully reciprocated on its 


>T*OEL R. McKIMMEY, ex-sheriff of 
M Delaware county, Ind., is a son of 
/• 1 James and Susan (Adamson) McKim- 
mey, and was born in Henry county, 
Ind., on the present site of New Lisbon, 
August 5, 1834. In October of the same year 
the father, with his wife and family of seven 
children, moved to Salem township, Delaware 
county, and entered 100 acres in the woods on 
the Range line road, as it is now called. On 
this farm Mr. McKimmey was reared, going to 
the old log school, two miles away through 
the woods, but going only in inclement 
weather, being required to assist in clearing 
up the farm when the days were fair. When 
twenty years of age, Joel began the affairs of 
life on his own account, and bought forty 
acres of woodland, and in 1855 married a 
girl who owned forty adjacent acres. He set- 
tled on this farm in 1856, and by 1874 had 
cleared and improved over half of it. In this 
year, also, he moved to Muncie, carried on a 
meat market for a year, and in 1875 began 
riding as deputy for sheriff A. J. Slinger, was 
with him two years, and then for four years 
was deputy for Sheriff John W. Dungan. In 
the spring of 1880, Mr. McKimmey, who is a 
stalwart republican and cast his first presi- 
dential vote for John C. Fremont, was nomi- 
nated in the republican primary as candidate 
for sheriff over nine contestants by a good 
plurality, and at the polls was elected by 1,670 
majority. In 1882 he was renominated with- 
out opposition, was re-elected in the fall, and 
served until August 27, 1885, when his second 
term expired. During his ten years' experi- 
ence as deputy and principal, ' during the 
greater portion of which time he was com- 
pelled to take his prisoners to New Castle, 
there being then no jail in Muncie, he never 
permitted a man to escape or break jail. In 
his incumbency of four years as sheriff, he 
handled 655 men in confinement, and during 

two years of his service the new jail was in 
course of construction. For some time after 
the expiration of his second term he was 
employed by his successor and b) the county 
commissioners in adjusting and arranging the 
records pertaining to the various county offices, 
and was also, for a term, deputy assessor for 
Centre township. For a year following, he 
was in the employ of C. Haines in the ice 
trade, and about 1890 became proprietor of 
the Muncie Lake Ice company. In May, 1893, 
he disposed of this lucrative branch of indus- 
try, and is now temporarily retired from active 
business. Mr. McKimmey has been a member 
of Delaware lodge, F. & A. M., since 1856, 
and of the I. O. O. F. since 1S78. 

The marriage of Mr. McKimmey took 
place in Delaware county, in 1855, to Miss 
Anna Modlin, who was born in Henry county, 
Ind., and who came to Delaware county, in 
1850 or 1 85 1, with her parents, John and 
Rachael (Parmer) Modlin, who were natives 
of North Carolina, had a family of four sons 
and one daughter, and died in Delaware 
county, Ind. To the union of Mr. and Mrs. 
McKimmey have been born five children — 
Linley W. , who was for six years in the sher- 
iff's office and is now in the employ of the 
Lake Erie & Western Railroad company; 
Mary M. , now the wife of L. A. Perdiue, of 
Muncie; Sarah C. , was wife of W. A. William- 
son, of Muncie — died in February, 1892, at 
the age of thirty-four; William H. ; and John, 
who died when about three years old. 

The paternal grandparents of Mr. McKim- 
mey came from Ireland and settled in North 
Carolina, where the grandmother died. The 
father of Mr. McKimmey, also a native of 
Ireland, was but three years of age when 
brought to America. In 18 16, the latter 
came to Indiana and located at Connersville; 
in 1 817, he went to Indianapolis with old John 
McCormick, and there helped the latter to 


; '^'^,JJjfel«W 






MRS. 0. J. Mclaughlin. 



make a clearing before the city had been de- 
cided upon as the state capital, and was so 
employed about a year; then returned to the 
settlements in Henry and Wayne counties; 
was married, first, in Henry county, where 
New Lisbon now stands, and came to Dela- 
ware county in 1834, as has been stated. He 
had born to him, by his first marriage, nine 
children, of whom six only are now living. 
He lost his wife about 1840, and his second 
marriage was to Mrs. Nancy Gallon, who bore 
him five children. The father, who had been 
a justice of the peace for a number of years in 
Monroe township, died in 1875, in his eighty- 
second year, as highly honored and respected 
in his day as are his descendants in theirs. 



1 17.J East Jackson street, 

Muncie, Ind. 

^'^EORGE N. McLaughlin.— The 

■ ^\ efficient trustee of Centre township, 
^^^M and one of the popular citizens of 
Muncie, was born in Delaware coun- 
ty, Ind., April 23, 1845. His father, John 
McLaughlin, was a native of Ohio, born near 
the city of Chillicothe, of Irish and German 
parentage. James McLaughlin, the grand- 
father of George N., came to the United 
States from Ireland many years ago, and was 
one of the early settlers of southern Ohio. 
John McLaughlin was by occupation a farmer; 
he grew to manhood in his native county, 
where, in early life, he married Rachael 
Beeler and, in 1834, moved with his family to 
Delaware county, Ind., locating in the town- 
ship of Mount Pleasant, of which he was one 

of the pioneers. He purchased 120 acres of 
government land, from the woods of which he 
redeemed a comfortable home, where he 
reared his family, and upon whicli the remain- 
der of his life was spent. He was a man of 
local importance in his community for a num- 
ber of years, was an earnest supporter of the 
old whig party, and, for some time, served the 
people of his township as a justice of the 
peace. He was a man noted for his integrity 
and high sense of honor; supported with 
energy all improvements of a public nature, 
and exemplified in his daily life and conduct 
the teachings of the Methodist church, in 
which he held the position of class-leader for 
a great many years; his wife survived him and 
continued to reside on the home farm, keeping 
the family together and looking after their in- 
terests. Of the five sons and three daughters 
born to John and Rachael McLaughlin all 
grew to maturity except one, who died in in- 
fancy. The following are their names: Will- 
iam H., Orlando L., George N. and Thomas 
J., all of whom served with distinction in the 
late war from this county. James S. was 
captured in Georgia while on picket duty, and 
shot to death by the enemy. The names of 
the sisters are, Maria, Priscilla and Sarah A., 
all living at this time. 

George N. McLaughlin inherits in a marked 
degree many of the traits which distinguished 
his ancestors, and in his veins the blood of the 
Celt mingles with that of the Teuton. Like 
the majority of country lads, the years of his 
boyhood were comparatively uneventful, and 
amid the rugged experiences of farm life, he 
learned the lessons of industry and economy 
which served as a foundation for much of his 
success in subsequent years. Being but five 
years of age when his father died, he early 
did his share of farm work, contributing to 
the support of his widowed mother and 
younger brothers and sisters, and during his 


minority attended the common schools, in 
which he obtained a practical English educa- 
tion. In the dark days of the rebellion, when 
the ship of state was almost stranded on the 
rugged rocks of disunion, Mr. McLaughlin, 
with commendable patriotism, responded to 
his country's call for volunteers, enlisting, at 
the age of eighteen, in company G, One Hun- 
dred and Thirty-fourth Indiana volunteer in- 
fantry, for the hundred days' service. He was 
mustered in, in March, 1862, and upon the 
expiration of his term of enlistment veteranized 
in company C, One Hundred and Fortieth regi- 
ment, Indiana infantry, with which he served 
until honorably discharged on the i ith of July, 
1865, with the rank of corporal. His first 
engagement of any note was the bloody battle 
of Murfreesboro, and subsequently he partici- 
pated in a number of battles, including Ft. 
Anderson, Twin Creek, Goldsborough, Rolla 
and Greensborough, N. C, being at the last 
named place when Lee surrendered his army 
at Appomattox. 

After his discharge Mr. McLaughlin re- 
turned home and resumed his studies, and in 
the fall of 1866 taught his first school in the 
Bethel neighborhood, Harrison township. He 
followed the profession very successfully for a 
period of twenty-two years, and earned the 
reputation of a very careful and painstaking 
instructor. With the exception of one year, 
1883, when he was principal of the Strong 
City high school, Kansas, his work in the edu- 
cational field was principally confined to Dela- 
ware county, and such was his efficiency that 
his services were always in demand while he 
remained in the profession. While teaching in 
1888, he was elected trustee of Centre town- 
ship, the duties of which position he dis- 
charged with such commendable fidelity that, 
in 1890, he was re-elected by a largely in- 
creased majority. Mr. McLaughlin proved 
himself a trustful custodian of the township 

property, and he built several school houses, 
which were among the best buildings of the 
kind in the county. In politics Mr. McLaugh- 
lin is a republican, and as such his counsels 
have contributed to his party's success in a 
number of general and local campaigns. He is 
a member of the Masonic fraternity, belonging 
to the chapter, commandery and Scottish rite 
branches, and has arisen to the thirty-second 
degree in his order. He also belongs to the 
I. O. O. F., K. of P., the G. A. R. and Patri- 
otic Sons of America. He was first married 
April 18, 1867, to Eliza A. Thomason, but a 
few months later the marriage tie was severed 
by mutual consent. December 3, 1870, Mr. 
McLaughlin and Miss Orintha J. Kilgore, 
daughter of George W. and Tabitha (Van- 
Matre) Kilgore, were happily made man and 
wife and their superb portraits will be found on 
pages adjacent. Mrs. McLaughlin was born 
September 5, 1850, and is the mother of one 
child, a daughter, Minnie F., who died at the 
age of three years. Mr. McLauglin is an effi- 
cient and courteous official, an affable and 
popular gentleman, universally liked by all 
with whom he comes in contact. He feels de- 
servedly proud of his success in life, possesses 
excellent judgment of men and things, well 
balanced by knowledge and experience. He is 
a gentleman of good personal appearance and 
courteous address, and is certainly entitled to 
mention with the representative men of Dela- 
ware county. 

Sr— ^ ON. WALTER MARCH (deceased) 

I^^V was born August 5, 18 14, at the town 

^ ^ P of Millbury, Mass., in Worcester 

county. His father, Samuel March, 

was a native of the same county, and a lineal 

descendant of Hugh March, who came to the 

colony of Massachusetts from England in the 




year 1635; and his mother, whose maiden 
name was Zoa Parks, was a nati\e of Harvard, 
Mass. The parents were industrious and 
fruf^al, and, while the proceeds of their farm 
did not elevate them to opulence, they were 
very comfortably situated, and desired to afford 
their children better educational advantages 
than they had themselves enjoyed. The latter 
improved well their opportunities, and grew 
up to fill important and responsible positions. 
The eldest son is a manufacturer and farmer at 
Charlton, Mass., another is a farmer near 
Oshkosh, Wis. ; another is a well known min- 
ister of the gospel at Woburn, Mass. ; and 
Walter, the second son, is the subject of this 
sketch. His boyhood was passed in a manner 
quite uneventful, amid pastoral scenes at 
home. What time could be spared from farm 
work was devoted to the improvement of his 
mind and the acquisition of a primary educa- 
tion at the common schools and the academy 
at Millbury. He entered Amherst college and 
graduated in 1837, after a course of four years, 
during which time he taught two terms in the 
common schools, and, after graduating, again 
took up the vocation of school teaching, which 
he pursued two terms longer. During this 
time and subsequentlj- he studied law with 
Judge Ira M. Barton, of Worcester, and after- 
wards attended lectures at Cambridge, Mass. 
In 1840, he was admitted to the bar at Wor- 
cester, and, in November of the same year, 
removed to Indianapolis, Ind. He engaged in 
the practice in that city, and remained until 
March of the following year, when he removed 
to Muncie. Here, in January, 1845, he was 
united in marriage to Miss Margaret J. , 
daughter of Benjamin and Ann Say re. Her 
parents both died at the age of ninety-one 
jears, and resided with Walter March until 
their death. 

Although a young man when he began the 
practice at Muncie, in 1841, Mr. March 

handled the most complicated cases success- 
fully, and, as confidence was established, he 
soon built up a large practice. One rule has 
marked his entire career: He would never 
undertake the cause of a client whom he 
thought was in the wrong; and under no cir- 
cumstances would he accept a case that he 
could not conscientiously defend. In 1850, 
he was elected a member of the constitutional 
convention from the district composed of the 
counties of Delaware and Grant. He was a 
democrat, and although this was a whig dis- 
trict, he was elected by a goodly majority over 
the candidate of that party. At heart he was an 
abolitionist, and, much against his convictions, 
fealty to party and public trust induced him to 
support measures not entire!}' in harmony with 
his will — especially those discriminating 
against the colored race. The open antago- 
nism of his party to his own principles finally 
culminated in his withdrawal from it, about 
the time of the Kansas and Nebraska troubles. 
He was intensely in earnest in his support of 
the party, and, as a public speaker, did more 
effectual work and accomplished more good in 
its behalf, perhaps, than any other man in the 
district; for he was an extraordinarily fine 
speaker, and a thorough scholar; and when he 
joined the ranks of the republican party, he 
brought with him the same energy and the 
same ability, and devoted himself as earnestly 
to the success of the newly espoused cause, 
and with results equally fruitful. 

While a member of the state constitutional 
convention, he advocated a change in the sys- 
tem of law practice then prevalent, by which 
the old English system should be abolished. 
With. the assistance of his associates, this 
measure was carried through, and the first 
legislature that assembled, after the adoption 
of the new constitution, appointed him one of 
the committee to draft a code of principles 
and practice which should obtain throughout 


the state. Among other things he incorpor- 
ated a clause investing circuit judges with the 
power to settle disputed points by arbitration, 
by which means a great deal of needless liti- 
gation could be avoided. It was tried in 
many of the counties — Delaware among the 
number — with good results; and this private 
and friendly mode of settlement was almost 
uniformly productive of better fellowship be- 
tween the plaintiff and defendant than a suit 
at law. But attorneys' fees were diminished 
in consequence of this peaceful mode of litiga- 
tion, and it was antagonized by attorneys 
throughout the state. Finally such was the 
pressure brought to bear that it was repealed 
by the general assembly of 1865. 

In 1852, he was elected judge of the court 
of common pleas, on the democratict ticket, 
and served four years. In 1856 he was 
elected state senator. He had then with- 
drawn from the democratic party, and was 
elected as an independent friend of the Union. 
He served four years, then became the candi- 
date of the republican party for the same 
position. He was returned for another term 
of four years, and served throughout that 
stormy period in the history of the Indiana 
senate embraced between the years i860 and 
1864. Within this period, the democrats, 
who were in the majority, attempted to de- 
prive the governer of his power over the state 
militia, and invest it in the four offices of the 
state. They were only prevented from ac- 
complishing their plan by the republican mem- 
bers absenting themselves from the senate, 
and thus breaking the quorum. Judge March 
was among the number, and was, in fact the 
leader of the "bolt." While in the senate he 
occupied many important positions, among 
which was that of chairman of the judiciary 
committee. He was a recognized leader of 
his party and in .many ways proved himself 
the soldier's friend. His career in the senate 

was characterized by dignity and ability, and 
the following tribute was paid him by the 
Cincinnati Gazette: "One of the clearest 
headed and coolest members of the Indiana 
senate is Walter March, senator from the 
district of Delaware, Blackford and Grant. 
He speaks not half so often as others on the 
floor, but always to the point, and with 
strength and force. He wastes no time by 
idle bombast, and has not the inordinate 
vanity possessed by some men, of loving to 
hear himself talk. 

"When Mr. March rises to make a speech, 
every member expects to hear something that 
will strike the sense of every one, and com- 
mand the attention of all. Although he is a 
solid speaker, he is yet almost poetical, and 
uses better language and a choicer selection of 
words than any other man on the floor of the 

At the close of his senatorial service, in 
1864, he resumed the practice of his profes- 
sion at Muncie, and in 1867, formed copart- 
nership relations with Maj. Jonathan W. Gor- 
don and Martin Ray, of Indianapolis, under 
the firm name of Gordon, Ray & March, re- 
taining at the same time his practice at Mun- 
cie. In the fall of 1878, he was elected by 
the republicans of this district as their repre- 
sentative in the general assembly of the state, 
by a majority of 1,250 votes. 

His was indeed a busy and a model life. 
He devoted himself assiduously to his profes- 
sion, and stood at the head of the bar of Dela- 
ware county. He was scrupulously conscien- 
tious in all his dealings with mankind, and has 
won the regard of all classes. He was firm in 
his judgment, and fearless in the advocacy of 
his convictions. He was a radical temperance 
man, and a friend to the deserving poor, but 
a relentless hater of impostors, or sham and 
hypocrisy in any guise. His private acts of 
charity were many, and will long live in the 


hearts of those who have been the recipients 
of his bounty. He was ever a friend to what- 
ever had a tendency to benefit and elevate 
mankind, and many of the pubHc improve- 
ments of this county number him among their 
warmest coadjutors. He was ever a lover of 
sciences, and found his chief recreation in 
study and reflection upon this theme. He 
was elected first president of the Literary and 
Scientific society of Muncie in 1879, and was 
a director of the Library Association of Mun- 
cie from the time of its organization until his 
death. A man of strong individuality, a fin- 
ished scholar and a polished gentleman, he 
occupied a special niche in society that none 
other can fill. He died March 31, 1883. 
Mrs. March, a lady of many admirable traits 
of character, contributed in no small degree to 
her husband's success in life. Mr. and Mrs. 
March had no children of their own, but in 
1867 they adopted the motherless son of John 
Pyle, of Indianapolis, at that time ten years 
old and now grown to manhood. His father 
died in 1891, since which time he has known 
no parent except Mrs. March who so kindly 
reared him. The parents of Mrs. March, na- 
tives respectively of New Jersey and New 
York, came to Muncie in December, 1840, 
and engaged in the hotel business. 

V-7*0HN MARSH, late cashier of the Citi- 
m zens' National bank of Muncie, was 
A 1 born in Preble county, Ohio, August 
22, 181 1. In his veins the blood of the 
Anglo-Saxon mingles with that of the Teutonic 
race. His father, Timothy Marsh, was the 
son of John Marsh, who came to this country 
from England, and settled in what is now Ger- 
mantown, Montgomery county, Ohio. He 
afterward served in the American army all 
through the Revolution. The mother was 

Mary Clawson, who was born near the mouth 
of the Little Miami river, August 22, 1787, and 
is said to be the first white child born in the 
territory of Ohio. Cincinnati was not then 
laid out, and the country was the home of wild 
beasts and of the red man. She died at the 
age of ninety, at the residence of her son, Sear- 
j ing Marsh, near Logansport, Ind., September 
15, 1877. Her father was John Clawson, a 
German, who settled first in Kentucky and 
afterward in Ohio, and took part in the long 
struggle by which the colonies threw off the 
British yoke. John Marsh was not allowed to 
spend all his boyhood in school, but only the 
winter term of every year, the remaining time 
being employed in work on the farm. Yet the 
school he attended was the best in the county, 
and there he obtained a good education in the 
common English branches. At the age of 
seventeen he went to Eaton, and served an 
apprenticeship of five years at the hatter's 
trade. During this period his spare hours were 
not wasted in the society of the vicious or the 
frivolous, but were devoted to the acquisition 
of useful knowledge. At length Mr. Marsh 
commenced business as a hatter in Camden, 
and continued it successfully until 1847, when 
he entered upon the dry goods trade. After 
one year he was elected treasurer of Preble 
county, and held the office by re-election three 
terms. So faithfully and well did he discharge 
his duties that, at the last election, he re- 
ceived all the votes cast in the county except 
thirty-six. During this time he was a stock- 
holder and a director of the Preble county 
branch of the State bank of Ohio. In October, 
1854. he removed to Wayne county, Ind., and 
was made president of the Cambridge City 
bank, one of those that withstood the crisis of 

Mr. Marsh removed to Delaware county in 
1856, and organized the Muncie branch of the 
State bank of Indiana, becoming its president. 



In 1865 it was converted into the Muricie 
National bank, and he remained its president 
until 1874. He then sold his interest, intend- 
ing to retire from business; but after a few 
weeks of recreation, at the earnest solicitation 
of a number of prominent men, he organized, 
with them, in November, 1874, the Citizens' 
bank, (converted into Citizens' National March 
15. 1875)1 '^nd being given his choice of 
positions, accepted that of cashier. Mr. 
Marsh had always been an active politician. 
His first ballot was cast for Henry Clay; he 
aided in the organization of the republican 
party, and ever after was in accord with the 
principles set forth. In 1838 he joined the 
Masonic fraternity and ten years later, at Day- 
ton, Ohic, took the commandery degrees. 
He was treasurer of Delaware lodge, of Mun- 
cie chapter, and of Muncie commandery, and 
helped organize the latter, of which he was 
treasurer until his death. After 1854 he was 
connected with the Methodist Episcopal 
church, of which he was trustee. Mr. Marsh 
was an able financier and secured a handsome 
competence. He had no small mental capac- 
ity, and might have achieved equal success in 
more important callings. Few were so en- 
dowed with qualities that inspire respect and 
friendship, and none lived in happier domestic 
relations than Mr. Marsh — his family being a 
model one, in which perfect harmony existed. 
He married, May 25, 1835, Miss Margaret, 
daughter of Nathan and Jane (Carr) Mitchell, 
both of Maryland, originally, but afterward 
pioneers of Ohio. Four children were born of 
this marriage, two of whom are living. Their 
mother died of cholera, July 29, 1849. Mr. 
Marsh was again united in marriage August 29, 
1854, to Mrs. Mary Mutchner, by whom he 
had four children. The kindness of heart of 
Mr. Marsh was proverbial, and hundreds re- 
vere his memory on that account alone, if for 
nothing else. 


ILLIAM M. MARSH, son of John 
Marsh, was born in Cambridge City, 
Wayne county, Ind. , on the 8th 
day of November, 1855. He spent 
his boyhood days in Muncie, where he en- 
joyed the advantages of a liberal education, 
graduating from the city schools in 1873, after 
which he began with the bank in the capacity 
of messenger, the duties of which position he 
discharged with commendable fidelity for 
some time. Subsequently, he became book- 
keeper for the same institution, and was thus 
employed until the death of his father, having 
in the meantime, for a period of two years, 
acted in the capacity of assistant cashier. 
Upon the death of his father he became 
cashier. Mr. Marsh was married on the loth 
day of October, 1883, to Miss Martha R. 
Wysor, daughter of Jacob H. Wysor, of whom 
a sketch appears elsewhere in this volume. 
Mrs. Marsh's birth occurred in Muncie, Decem- 
ber 12, 1859, and she has borne her husband 
two children, namely: Henry Wysor and 
John Edwin. The reputation of Mr. Marsh 
for energy and business capacity marks him as 
among the foremost, and socially he is deserv- 
edly popular with his fellow citizens, both 
of the city of Muncie and throughout the 
county. He is, at this time, vice-president of 
the Citizen's Enterprise company, is connected 
with the Ball Glass works, of which he was a 
charter officer, and is prominently identified 
with the Indiana Iron company. Mr. Marsh 
has always manifested an active interest in 
the material development of Muncie, to which 
he has contributed liberally of his means, and 
in 1889-90, he erected on one of the principal 
thoroughfares of the city a large and imposing 
brick structure known as the New Southern 
hotel. Mr Marsh stands high in Masonry, 
belonging to the Blue lodge, Muncie chapter, 
Muncie council and commandery, and is also 
an active member of the Society of Elks. 



>^OHN ROLLIN MARSH, chief engineer 
■ of the Indiana Bridge company, was 
/* 1 born January 13, 1863, in the city of 
Muncie, Delaware county, Ind. He 
grew to manhood in his native city, in the 
schools of which he obtained his early educa- 
tional training, completing the prescribed 
course and graduating from the high school in 
1879. On quitting school he accepted the 
position of deputy clerk, Delaware county cir- 
cuit court, later became duputy county record- 
er, in both of which capacities he served 
several terms under different officials, proving 
himself a very efficient and capable assistant. 
Actuated by a desire to complete his educa- 
tion in the special line of engineering, Mr. 
Marsh in the fall of 1883 entered the school 
of Mines, Columbia college. New York, where 
he pursued his technical studies for several 
years, graduating in 1887, after which he 
accepted the position of chief engineer of the 
Indiana Bridge company of Muncie. In his 
theoretical and practical knowledge of engi- 
neering Mr. Marsh has few equals in Indiana, 
and his name is well and favorably known 
among the experts of the profession through- 
out the state. He is a finished scholar, a 
polished gentleman, possesses the necessary 
traits of character which insure success and 
popularity, and enjoys the confidence of the 
large and well known company with which 
he is identified. 

He married August 5, 1889, Miss Susie 
Ryan, daughter of John W. Ryan, .of Muncie, 
and is the father of two bright children, John 
Rodney and Mildred Ryan. With the excep- 
tion of a college fraternity, Mr. Marsh belongs 
to no society or order; he and wife are mem- 
bers of the Episcopal church of Muncie, in 
which they are highly respected, and their 
hands and hearts are ever ready to respond to 
the cry of distress or want, as well as to 
plain charity. 


ILI.IA^^ E. H. MARSH, the genial 
and popular proprietor of the Na- 
tional Hotel, Muncie, Ind., is a 
native of Chelsea (Boston), Mass., 
was born May 14, i860, and is the only child 
of William E., Jr., and Ellen Maria Winship 
(Toppan) Marsh, of whom the former was born 
at Cincinnati, Ohio, November 11, 1836, of 
English and Scotch parentage, and the latter 
born at Newburyport, Mass., August 13, 1839, 
of English descent. William E. Marsh, Jr., 
was but ten years of age when taken east by 
his parents. For four years he attended school 
in Virginia, one year in New York state, and 
four years in Massachusetts, of the latter period, 
two years at Harvard university. On finishing 
his literary education he began his business 
life by entering the wholesale grocery estab- 
lishment owned by his father at Cincinnati, 
and for nine years assiduously devoted his at- 
tention to acquiring a knowledge of mercantile 
affairs; the following nine years were passed in 
real estate transactions at Plainfield, N. J., and 
the fifteen subsequent years in the hotel busi- 
ness, for which he seemed to be peculiarly 
adapted. In 1877 he became proprietor of the 
Gait House, in Cincinnati, which he conducted 
until 1892, when he went to Chicago and leased 
the Hotel Brewster, which he retained eighteen 
months. He then came to Muncie, Ind., where 
he is now interested with his son in the National, 
still retaining his interest in the Gait House, 
Cincinnati. As a business man he has but few 
equals, as a host he is unexcelled anywhere, 
being attentive, hospitable, obliging, and liberal 
in his consideration of the needs of his guests. 
The marriage of Mr. Marsh occurred December 
I, 1859; to Miss Toppan, and their union, as 
stated, was fruitful in the birth of only one 
child, a son. Mrs. Marsh is a consistent mem- 
ber of the Baptist church, and in politics Mr. 
Marsh is liberal in his views, relying on his own 
judgment in such matters, as in everything else. 



William Edward Henry Marsh is a gentle- 
man of splendid executive abilities, and has 
been thoroughly schooled in all those graceful 
accomplishments and that pleasing tact that 
constitute the perfect hotel manager. His 
boyhood was passed in Newburyport, Mass., 
and he was educated by private tutors to a 
high standard in literature and in the German 
and English classics, which training was sup- 
plemented by a course of study at the Nelson 
Business college at Cincinnati. At the age of 
sixteen he became associated with his father 
in the management of the Gait House, corner 
of Sixth and Main streets, Cincinnati, where 
he became so well versed in his vocation, and 
in 1890 came to Muncie, Ind., leased the now 
favorite National Hotel, which he refitted and 
converted into the elegant, and above all, the 
comfortable establishment it now is. His in- 
tuitive apprehension of the wants of his guests 
and anticipation of their wishes have placed 
him at the very head and front of hosts, and 
created a demand for accommodations at his 
house that at times taxes even his ingenuity 
to meet. Affable, urbane, and anxious to 
please, he has won golden opinions from all 
comers. He is a member of the Knights of 
Maccabees and the Ancile club of Muncie. 
In politics he affiliates with the republicans. 

>^OHN S. MARTIN, M. D., the profes- 
m sional gentleman whose name intro- 
A 1 duces this sketch, is a well known and 
highly valued citizen of Muncie, where 
his skill and medical knowledge are frequently 
called into exercise. Dr. Martin was born in 
Johnson county, Ind., November 21, 1851, 
and is a son of Samuel C. and Jane (Haw- 
thorne) Martin, both parents natives of Henry 
county, Ky. He enjoyed superior educational 
advantages, attending first the schools of his 

native county, and subsequently pursuing the 
higher branches of learning in Franklin col- 
lege, in which institution he made commenda- 
ble progress. After completing his literary 
educatiou. Dr. Martin began teaching, which 
profession he successfully followed for seven 
years, leaving it only to begin his medical 
studies with Dr. J. D. George, a well known 
and successful practitioner of Franklin, Ind. 
With a laudable desire to increase his knowl- 
edge of his profession, the doctor entered the 
Cleveland(Ohio) Homeopathic Hospital college, 
graduated in 1883, and immediately thereafter 
located in Muncie, where he has since prac- 
ticed with flattering success and financial 
profit. He began the practice at Indianapolis 
some time before completing his professional 
course in the above institution, and since 
locating in the gas belt his abilities have been 
recognized beyond the limits of Delaware 
county, and he is now one of the leading rep- 
resentatives of his school in this part of the 
state. The doctor's personal characteristics 
have won him many friends, and among his 
professional brethren he is recognized as a 
man of energy and determination, fully abreast 
of the times and active in upholding the dig- 
nity of the healing art. He is of good person- 
al presence, has an unblemished character, 
and is a man of high moral and social stand- 
ing among his fellow citizens of Muncie. Dr. 
Martin is a member of the Indiana institute of 
Homeopathy, also of the American institute, 
in the deliberations of which body he takes an 
active part, and of which he is now serving as 
treasurer. He is a prominent member of the 
K. of P. and Red Men fraternities, and exer- 
cises the elective franchise in behalf of the 
democratic party. The doctor was married, 
in 1874, to Miss Laura A. Clark, daughter of 
John R. and Keziah Clark, of Johnson county, 
Ind., the result of which union is one child, a 
son, Samuel Albert Martin. Mrs. Martin is a 




member of the Presbyterian church of Muncie, 
and is a lady of social prominence in the city. 

^"^AMUEL MARTIN, retired, was born 
•^^^k* in Clarke county, Ohio, July 29, 1827, 

f<^ and is a son of Stephen R. and Nancy 
(Kirkpatrick) Martin. His father was 
born near Cincinnati on October 11, 1804, 
and was a son of Samuel Martin, a native of 
New Jersey, who settled in Clarke county, Ohio, 
in 1805, where he entered a tract of land, and 
also entered a tract of land in Miami county. 
Stephen R. Martin moved to Delaware county, 
Ind., in 1834, and settled upon a farm in Hamil- 
ton township, and entered several tracts of land. 
He was one of the originators, the treasurer, 
and a director in the Granville pike, and a 
stockholder in the Bee Line railway. He was 
one of the original stockholders of the Citizens' 
National bank of Muncie, and a trustee in the 
Christian church for many years. He was a 
democrat, and was trustee of his township. His 
first wife died in June, 1867, and he remarried 
to Susan Spoor, of Iowa, who survives him. 
His family consisted of six daughters and two 
sons. The living are : Samuel, Phoebe, Ellen, j 
Mary, wife of John Pittinger, of Hamilton j 
township, and Emily, Stephen R. Martin 
died October 19, 1877. Samuel Martin was 
reared in Delaware county, and received his 
education in its early schools. When twenty- 
two years of age he went to California, where 
he spent several years in farming and mining, 
and then returned to Delaware county. In 
1857 he married Miss Mary WilHamson, daugh- 
ter of Peter Williamson, of Hamilton town- 
ship, and cleared a farm in that township, upon 
which he resided until 1879, when he moved 
into the city of Muncie, and engaged in the 
manufacturing of pumps, under the firm name 
of Puckett, Smell & Martin. He was also a 

memberof the hardware firm of Martin, Young, 
& Kessler. In 1886 he withdrew from all active 
business, and has since lived a retired life. He 
is a stockholder in the Co-operative Gas com- 
pany, and has large real estate interests in the 
city. Politically a democrat, he has repre- 
sented the First ward in the city council ; is a 
member of the A. F. & A. M. chapter and com- 
mandery. He and wife are members of the 
High street M. E. church, and he is the present 
treasurer of the same; also one of the trustees, 
and was a member of the building committee. 

OSCAR L. MEEKS, the gentleman for 
whom this biographical sketch is pre- 
pared, is a native of Delaware county, 
Ind., born December 7, 1853. the son 
of Isaac Meeks. He grew to manhood in his 
native city, in the public schools of which he 
received a practical English education, and, 
having early manifested a decided preference 
for mechanical pursuits, entered a furniture 
factory, and while still a boy became profi- 
cient as a workman. The proprietor of this 
factory was his father, Isaac Meeks, with whom 
Oscar L. subsequently effected a co-partner- 
ship, and the firm thus constituted continued 
until the destruction of the establishment by- 
fire, which .event occurred a short time before 
the senior member's death. Mr. Meeks then 
engaged with the Bandey Planing Mill com- 
pany as foreman, in which capacity he has 
since continued. He is a skillful mechanic, 
familiar with all the details of the business 
with which he is connected, and is one of the 
highly respected citizens of Muncie. Politically 
a republican, he cast his first vote for Benja- 
min Harrison for governor; and religiously a 
Methodist, he is one of the leading members of 
the High street congregation of Muncie. Mr. 
Meeks was married in June, 1876, to Miss 



Alice Kemper, daughter of William Kemper, to 
which union three children have been born, 
namely: Bessie, Emily and Harold, the first 
named of which is deceased. 

Isaac Meeks is a native of Monongalia county, 
W. Va. , born July 9, 1829. At the age of ten years 
he, with his parents, Amos and Nancy Meeks, 
immigrated to Indiana, locating, in the fall of 
1832, in the eastern part of Delaware county. 
They erected a log cabin in the heart of the 
forest and set about clearing off 150 acres of 
land. There being a large family (eight broth- 
ers and seven sisters, and one half-brother and 
half-sister), there was not enough employment 
for them on the farm, so Isaac, at the age of 
fifteen, decided to come to Mimcie and learn 
the cabinet making trade. Being naturally a 
mechanic, he soon became skilled in his work 
and entered into a partneship with his brother 
Robert in the cabinet business, a union which 
lasted for forty-five years. He married Mary 
E. McProud, of Randolph county, this state, 
to whom were born five children — two boys 
and three girls. In politics he was a strong 
republican — ^the party of his father. He was 
a member of the Methodist Episcopal church for 
over forty-five years, filling different positions 
in the church with a true christian zeal, until 
death claimed him, January 16, 1891. 

,>^ OBERTMEEKS.— Without a thought 

I /^T of disparagement for the many excel- 

£ , P lent characters herein illustrated, 

perhaps none, taken as a whole, are 

more noteworthy and more favorably and 

extensively known than the Meeks family. As 

the oldest representative of that family now 

living, we begin our group of their biographies 

with that of Robert Meeks. 

The parent stem of this sturdy old pioneer 
started in the eternal hills of West Virginia. 

He is the son of Amos and Nancy Meeks. His 
mother's maiden name was Means. He was 
born in Monongalia county, of that state, on 
July 8, 1822. The educational facilities of 
that time and place were very meager, and he 
attended subscription school in winter only. 
He was the eldest of fifteen children, nine of 
whom were born in West Virginia. He immi- 
grated to Delaware county, with his father's 
family, in the year 1839, when about seven- 
teen years of age. The whole journey was 
made in an old fashioned Virginia wagon 
drawn by four horses, and it occupied sixteen 
days to make the trip. They located about 
three miles northeast of what is now the town 
of Selma, on or near what is known as Sugar 
Ridge. The country was then simply a vast 
wilderness, and the next five years were spent 
in helping to clear up his father's farm, he 
being the main dependence of his father in 
this work, as his brothers were younger, and 
hence unable to contribute much in this direc- 
tion. He came to Muncie in May, 1844, and 
began his career for himself as an apprentice 
with Nottingham & Swain, to learn the trade 
of cabinet-making, in a two story frame build- 
ing, located then on the ground where the 
Boyce block now stands. He worked thus 
about one year, and about eighteen months 
later bought an interest in the firm of John 
Nottingham. The partnership with Swain 
continued less than a year, when Nottingham 
purchased the interest of Job Swain. During 
this partnership, Robert's brother, Isaac 
Meeks, was apprenticed to the firm to learn 
the trade also. Still later on, Robert bought 
the interest of Nottingham, and was then the 
owner of the shop — building and ground. The 
firm then became known as R. & I. Meeks, 
and continued thus to be successfully operated 
for a series of years, during which time the 
old sign board, which hung out from the old 
shop, bearing the letters of this old firm, was 



synonymous with honesty and fair dcahn^. 
About t>^e year 1 871, James \V. Meeks, the 
son of Robert, became a partner, and the 
style of the firm was then changed to R. & I. 
Meeks & Co. At this time a two story brick 
building was erected on the southeast corner 
of Washington and Elm streets and supplied 
with engine, boiler, and all the latest improved 
machinery, and the work of making furniture 
began on a scale up to the requirements of the 
times and the increasing demands for their 
products. In the meantime, Isaac Meeks was 
in charge of the sales department and storage 
rooms, located in their brick business block on 
east Main street, while Robert and his son 
James were in charge of the manufacturing 
shops as described. 

This partnership between the elder Meeks 
brothers lasted until the death of Isaac, on 
the 1 6th day of January, 1891. It is a curious 
fact that, while the business of making and 
selling furniture, in connection with their large 
undertaking business and funeral directorship, 
has increased to almost abnormal proportions, 
Amos Meeks, the old father of Robert and 
Isaac, nearly fifty years ago seriously wondered 
what they would do with the vast accumula- 
tion of furniture after they had once supplied 
the local demand; when the real fact is, the 
demand has always increased in a ratio faster 
than their facilities were able to supply. The 
factory was run to its full capacity until 1 890, 
when it took fire and was totally consumed. 
It was never rebuilt, and on January 2, 1892, 
old uncle Robert Meeks, as he is familiarly 
called, accidentally met with a fall, by which 
his leg and hip were broken, which confined 
him to his bed and house; since which time, 
owing to extreme lameness, he has lived in 
retirement, resting as well as possible on his 
well earned competency. This can certainly 
be all the better appreciated, when it is con- 
sidered that Mr. Meeks worked the first winter. 

after he learned his trade, and received only 
seventy-five cents in money, and took the rest 
due him in other articles. During his term of 
apprenticeship, he got only his board and the 
making of one overcoat, and at the end of the 
first year, as such, he was as good a workman 
as any man in the shop, and was able, in 1 848, 
to pay $450 for a half interest in their shop and 
building, and now the entire business of the 
concern, including undertaking, which he had 
carried on from the very start, is under the 
exclusive management of his three sons, James 
W., William A., and Martin L. Meeks, the 
last two having joined the firm of R. Meeks & 
Son in the year 1880, while his youngest son, 
Jacob Arthur, is associated in business with 
James Boyce, of Muncie, a sketch of each of 
them appearing in our lists of biographies. 
Robert Meeks was married, in 1846, to Miss 
Sarah Jones, daughter of Jacob and Beersheba 
Jones, who has been a faithful and devoted 
wife and mother and a helpmate, indeed, to a 
worthy husband. 

>^AMES W. MEEKS is the eldest son of 
M Robert and Sarah Meeks. He was 
/§ 1 born in Muncie, Ind., December 14, 
1848, and received a common school 
education, graduating from the Muncie high 
school in the class of 1870. He had spent 
most all his vacations and other spare time in 
the furniture factory of R. & I. Meeks, of 
which firm his father was a member, and after 
graduation went into the employ of said firm 
and worked one year. In the year 1871, he 
became a member of the firm, when it was 
changed to R. & I. Meeks & Co., and has 
been actively engaged in this occupation ever 
since. From 1871 to 1890, he was superin- 
tendent and foreman of the furniture factory, 
which was established about 1871, located on 


Washington and Elm streets, and is now the 
oldest active member of the iirm of R. Meeks 
& Sons, which is the oldest furniture and un- 
dertaking establishment in the county, cover- 
ing, as it does, a half century of continuous 
operation, and therefore one of the best and 
most favorably known institutions in eastern 
Indiana. Their storage and sales departments 
occupy the first, second and third floors of 
their large brick business block, No. 1 1 5 east 
Main street, in Muncie, where they carry a 
most complete line of the latest style and best 
made furniture and caskets, and from their 
well established reputation for honesty and fair 
dealing, do a very extensive retail business. 
He and all his brothers are practical under- 
takers and funeral directors. They furnish a 
free ambulance, and are often called to the 
most remote parts of the county. He was 
married on June 27, 1876, to Louisa C, 
daughter of Joseph and Mary Hummel. 
Three children have been born to them — 
Amelia B., Sarah M. and Robert H. Meeks. 
He has a beautiful home, and, being a tireless 
worker and having a taste for horticulture, has 
beautiful surroundings and all the home com- 
forts, and takes great delight in showing speci- 
mens of his home-grown grapes and other 
fruits. He is a worthy member of the I. O. 
O. F. and its encampment, and in the lodge 
he has passed all the officers' chairs. He was 
one of the incorporators of the Merchants' 
National bank of Muncie, and is one of the 
board of directors of the same. Mr. Meeks 
is also a faithful and consistent member of the 
High street Methodist Episcopal church, and 
at present fills the office of steward, and is 
treasurer of the Preachers' Aid society of the 
North Indiana conference of the Methodist 
Episcopal church. Charity never makes a 
call in vain on Mr. and Mrs. Meeks, and both 
are untiring in church work, while Sunday 
schools receive much of their attention. 


ILLIAM A. MEEKS, second son of 
Robert and Sarah Meeks, was born 
in Muncie, Ind. , April 8, 1851, and 
received the educational benefits of 
the Muncie schools, graduating in the higher 
branches in the class of 1870. He worked six- 
teen months at the harness making trade, then 
entered the furniture factory of his father and 
brother in the year 1872, where he continued 
to work until the steadily increasing demands 
made upon the Main street store and under- 
taking department had caused it to grow to 
such proportions that he was compelled to 
transfer his help to that department, where he 
has remained ever since. He became a part- 
ner in the concern in the year 1881, and by his 
zeal and efficient help has contributed his full 
share to the success of the business. He was 
married on October 17, 1883, to Miss Mary C. 
Dungan, daughter of ex-Sheriff John W. Dun- 
gan. Her mother's maiden name was Edith 
Dragoo, who was a sister to John W. and Will- 
iam Dragoo, the latter being ex-auditor of 
Delaware county. He is a member of the I. 
O. O. F. and K. of P. lodges, and is now the 
recording steward and secretary of the official 
board of the Methodist Episcopal church of 
this city. 

QARTIN L. MEEKS is the third son 
of Robert and Sarah Meeks, and 
was born in Muncie, Ind., October 
I, 1853, and, like his brothers, grad- 
uated from the Muncie high school in 1872. 
In the fall of the same year he went into the 
furniture factory of R. & I. Meeks & Co. and 
learned the wood turning trade. Immediately 
thereafter he took charge of the undertaking 
business of that firm, and for the last twenty 
years has had exclusive charge of the same. 
During this time he has attended personally 


a large number of the funerals that have occur- 
red at various times in Muncie. He has re- 
ceived instructions in this art from the most 
eminent professional embalmers, and keeps up 
with all the improved methods that are con- 
stantly being made in the line of his profession. 
He became a partner in the firm of R. & I. 
Meeks & Co. in 1881, and now owns a one- 
third interest in the whole concern. He was 
married November 21, 1876, to Miss Carrie 
Clark, daughter of Robert and Fannie Clark, 
of Delaware count}'. Four children have been 
born to them, two sons and two daughters: 
Arthur C, Earnest S., Mary W. and Fannie, 
the latter having died October 29, 1887, at the 
age of eight years, seven months and fifteen 
days. Martin L. Meeks and family, in com- 
mon with all of the families of the name, are 
active and consistent members of the Methodist 
Episcopal church. 

>Y'AC0B ARTHUR MEEKS, the young- 
M est son of Robert and Sarah Meeks, 
A ■ was born in Muncie, January 15, 1856. 
He attended the public schools, and 
graduated from the high school in 1873. His 
vacations from boyhood had been utilized by 
clerking in a grocery, and he was thus largely- 
employed byMaddy, Burt & Kirby until 1877. 
In that year he completed a commercial course 
in the Miami Commercial college, at Dayton, 
Ohio. In 1878 he was bookkeeper for a 
wholesale hat house at Toledo, Ohio. March 
I, 1880, he entered the emplo}- of James Boyce 
as bookkeeper in his bagging factory, and on 
August I, 1 88 1, he purchased an eighth inter- 
est in the plant. The day following his pur- 
chase the entire factory burned down, entailing 
a heavy loss, as the ratio of insurance was 
small, and the year following another dis- 
astrous conflagration occasioned a loss of $20,- 

j 000, principally on manufactured stock. Mr. 
Meeks continued in the manufacture of bagging 

! with Mr. Boyce until 1885, when they sold 
their entire plant to the Muncie Bagging com- 
pany. In the same year he purchased a half 
interest of James Boyce in the Muncie Handle 
works, and operated that plant successfully 
until it was destroyed by fire in April, 1893. 
The loss, however, was largely covered by in- 
surance, and in six weeks thereafter the works 
were rebuilt and ready for operation. They 
employ a complement of thirty hands, and an- 
nually make from 50,000 to 75,000 dozen of 
"D" and long shovel handles. Mr. Meeks is 
also interested in the Boyce Rivet company, 
and devotes his entire time to the management 
of these industries. He was married, in 1879, 
to Miss Lydia Gray, daughter of J. M, Gray, 
now a resident of Anderson, and of this union 
there is one son, Erie G. Meeks. 

*w ^ IKAM MESSERSMITH, real estate 
l*^^^ dealer of Muncie, was born near the 
M. . r Tippecanoe battle ground, Tippeca- 
noe county, Ind., September i i, 1840. 
His ancestors were early settlers of Virginia, 
from which state his grandparents immigrated 
to Indiana many years ago, locating in the 
county of Fayette. His father, Samuel Messer- 
smith, was born in the year 1807, and early in 
life became a skillful manufacturer of edged 
tools, in which line of work his antecedents for 
several generations had excelled. Samuel 
Messersmith married Miss Charity Freeman, a 
native of New York, and began housekeeping 
at Metamora, Franklin county, Ind., where 
Mr. Messersmith £or some time carried on a 
general blacksmithing business. Subsequently 
he removed to Connersville and worked at his 
trade, and later moved to the country and for 
several years carried on farming in connection 



with blacksmithing. His next move was to 
Tippecanoe county, where he resided until one 
year after the birth of Hiram, at which time 
he emigrated to Iowa and entered government 
land in the vicinity of Des Moines, a part of 
which city now occupies a portion of his origi- 
nal purchase. Two years later he returned to 
Indiana and located in Rush county, where, 
owing to sickness, superinduced by the expo- 
sure incident to his constantly moving from 
place to place, he died in the fall of 1843. Six 
children were born to Samuel and Charity 
Messersmith, namely: Almarine, Ephraim, 
Nancy, Sarah, Hiram and Clarissa; of these 
Nancy and Sarah are dead; the mother still 
survives and makes her home with her young- 
est daughter at Connersville. She has reached 
the ripe old age of eighty-two years and pos- 
sesses, in a marked degree, her physical and 
mental faculties. 

Hiram Messersmith was but three years of 
age when his father died, after which event he 
was taken by his mother to Columbia, Fayette 
county, where his boyhood days were passed. 
He worked at various occupations until the 
age of sixteen, when he learned the plasterer's 
trade, which he followed at Connersville and 
vicinity until 1865, in the meantime spending 
thirteen months in the army. In that year he 
went to Danville, 111., and, after becoming 
comfortably located in that city, returned to 
Indiana and married, on the 4th day of Octo- 
ber, 1865, Miss Sarah H. Lister, who accom- 
panied him to his new home. In 1869 Mr. 
Messersmith purchased a farm about six miles 
southwest of Connersville, near his old home, 
and for eight years thereafter was engaged in 
agricultural pursuits. He abandoned farming 
in 1877, and, moving to 'Glenwood, Rush 
county, embarked in the drug business, which 
he carried on for a period of eleven years. 
Disposing of his drug stock in 1888, Mr. 
Messersmith came to Muncie and engaged in 

the grocery trade, but after a few months 
severed his connection with merch'andising 
and opened a real estate office and has since 
been extensively engaged in real estate trans- 
actions in Delaware and other counties. The 
following are the names of the children born 
to Mr. and Mrs. Messersmith: Delia, wife of 
R. L. Gwynn; Gustave and a deceased infant. 
Mr. Messersmith is a democrat in politics and 
a member of the I. O O. F. While not a 
member of any church he is a believer in the 
truths of the Bible and contributes liberally to 
all religious and charitable purposes. His wife 
is a member of the Presbyterian denomination 
— a lady highly respected by all who know her. 
At the breaking out of the war Mr. Messer- 
smith enlisted, at the age of twenty, in company 
E, One Hundred and Sixteenth Indiana volun- 
teer infantry, which was mustered in at Con- 
nersville for the three months' service. His 
military record began at the first call of the 
president for volunteers, three days after the 
firing on Fort Sumter. While he was absent 
at home on a furlough his regiment left for the 
front. In company with five others he solic- 
ited aid from the citizens of Richmond to enable 
him to rejoin it. He rode in a cattle car to 
Baltimore, Md., but on reaching that city 
learned, to his great surprise and vexation, 
that the regiment had left sometime previous. 
Accordingly, he remained with the Twenty-first 
regiment for two weeks, in the meantime 
doing his utmost to ascertain the whereabouts 
of his command. Through the kind offices of 
Gen. Hicks he secured transportation to Point 
of Rocks, Md., but the only information he 
received there was that the regiment had passed 
through the place about two weeks before. 
He at once formed the resolution of following 
on foot, and after a number of days' rambling 
from place to place, at length succeeded in over- 
taking his comrades one nightfall in camp near 
what was then known as Sugar Loaf Mountain. 


Mr. Messersmith was in the army for a period of 
thirteen months and received an honorable 
discharge from the service at Washington, D. C. 

>^AMES MILLER, a brief review of 
■ whose Hfe is herewith presented, was 
/• 1 born October 27, 1836, in Dayton, 
Montgomery county, Ohio. James 
Miller, the father, a farmer by occupation, 
was a native of Adams county, Ohio, and later 
became a resident of Dayton, to which city he 
removed about the year 1830. He married, 
in his native state, Martha J. Lynn, who bore 
him eleven children, six of whom are living at 
this time, James being the sixth member of 
the family. James Miller, Sr. , died in 1876, 
while on a tour through the west in search of 
a location; Mrs. Miller is still living at her 
home in Dayton, Ohio. 

James Miller was reared on a farm n^ar 
Dayton, and received his education in the 
schools of that city. When the war cloud 
appeared in 1 861, he enlisted in the fall of 
that year in the Seventy-fourth Ohio volun- 
teer infantry, was mustered into the service at 
Xenia, Ohio, after which the regiment went 
into camp at Columbus. From Camp Chase 
the command went to Nashville, Tenn., and 
joined the army of the Cumberland under 
Gen. Rosecrans, and its first active participa- 
tion in the war was at Bowling Green, Ky. 
Mr. Miller took part at Stone River, Chicka- 
mauga. Mission Ridge, Buzzard's Roost, 
Resaca, Big Shanty, Kenesaw Mountain, 
Manetta, Chattahootchee, Atlanta, Jonesboro, 
Savannah and Bentonville, and was with 
Sherman in the celebrated march from 
Atlanta to the sea. He was fortunate in 
escaping with but a single wound, received at 
Stone River, and he points with pride to the 
fact that during the long period of service 

he never missed a nnister, or a battle 
in which his regiment was engaged. 
Mr. Miller received his discharge at Golds- 
boro, N. C, and immediately returned to 
Ohio and resumed the pursuit of agriculture 
in Montgomery county. After three years 
thus spent he located on a farm in Madison 
county, Ind., not far from Anderson, where a 
little later he was united in marriage to Miss 
Nancy Jane Myer. After farming there seven 
years he removed to the city of Muncie, where 
for a period of five years he followed the tim- 
ber business, buying extensively throughout 
Delaware, Madison and other counties of cen- 
tral and eastern Indiana. In the spring of 
1883 Mr. Miller was appointed a patrolman of 
Muncie, served with great credit for eight 
years, and was then elected city marshal. 
His popularity with the people, irrespective of 
political affiliation, is sufficiently attested by 
the fact of his having been elected to the 
office of marshal as a democrat, overcoming a 
republican majority of 700, and receiving 622 
more \otes than his competitor. Mr. Miller 
proved himself a very capable and efficient 
guardian of the peace, was popular with all, 
courteous in the discharge of his official func- 
tions, and it is a compliment well deserved to 
accord him a prominent place among the 
most capable and painstaking officials of Mun- 
cie, having been appointed superintendent of 
police March 17, 1893, and holding that posi- 
tion at present. Mr. Miller belongs to the 
G. A. R. and I. O. R. M., in both of which 
fraternities he is an active worker. The fol- 
lowing are the names of the children born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Miller: Margaret Jane, Charles 
Andrew, James Franklin, John Andrew, Mary- 
Frances, William Wilbert, Earl Clarence and 
Harry Miller. It will be seen from the above 
that James Miller was not only a brave soldier 
in conquering a peace, but has been equally 
brave in preserving it. 



I I cupies a very important position 
/^^^ among the well known and promi- 
nent business men of Muncie, Ind. 
He was born in Clarke county, Ohio, April 3, 
1 85 1, son of Joseph R. and Sarah (Saylor) 
Mitchell, natives of that county, who in 1865 
came to Muncie, where the father was engaged 
in contracting and building for about twelve 
years, but is now living retired. The mother 
passed from earth in 1880. Mr. and Mrs. 
Mitchell reared four sons, as follows: William 
H., superintendent of the Indiana Bridge 
company, of Muncie; Alpheus, of Detroit, 
Mich. ; Joseph, a resident of Indianapolis, and 
Darius C. Darius C. Mitchell was educated 
in the public schools of Muncie, served an 
apprenticeship to the trade of carpenter in 
Indianapolis, and as early as 1872 began con- 
tracting in Muncie, which has resulted in the 
following record of fine buildings erected by 
him: The New Southern hotel, at a cost of 
$17,000; Central block, at a cost of $16,000; 
Fred Klopfer's building, $9,800; George Bow- 
er's block, $7,000; Eagle block, $9,000; 
Branch Brothers' block, $8,000; Leager Block, 
$5,000; Boyce block (rebuilt), $9,000; Or- 
phans' Home, $8,500; Architectural Iron 
works, $7,500; Shoe factory, $7,000; Muncie 
Glass factory, $4,500; Muncie Casket factory, 
$10,000; Ball Bros. Glass works, $5,000; 
Muncie Rubber works, $3,000; David Cam- 
mack, residence, $5,000; twenty-five houses 
in Boyceton, $15,000; twenty houses in Avon- 
dale, $16,000; fifty houses, Homestead com- 
pany, $28,000; the Common Sense Engine 
works; J. H. Smith's residence; William E. 
Hitchcock's residence; the R. E. Hill Knit- 
ting works, and the Nelson Glass works. 

Mr. Mitchell has always taken a prominent 
part in everything that has seemed to offer 
benefit to the city, and was one of the largest 
contributors to the Citizens' Enterprise com- 

pany, and was a stockholder in the first gas 
well company. In politics Mr. Mitchell is a 
firm republican, and stanchly upholds the prin- 
ciples of his party upon every occasion. In a 
social way, he is a prominent member of the 
Masonic fraternity, having gone from the Blue 
lodge on to the Mystic Shrine, and takes a deep 
interest in the workings of the different lodges. 
Mr. Mitchell was married, in 1872, to Miss 
Elmira Newcomb, a daughter of Lyman B. 
Newcomb, of Yorktown, Ind.. and he is the 
father of four children, as follows : Lillian, 
Gertrude, Fern and Horace Irvin. He and 
family are members of the High street Metho- 
dist Episcopal church, in which he holds the 
office of steward. He is a free supporter of 
all churches and benevolent organizations, and 
is considered one of the most enterprising and 
valuable of the business men of the city of 

The high standing in the social circles of 
Muncie occupied by Mr. Mitchell and his family 
has been worthily won by that gentleman, and 
the citizens may well congratulate themselves 
on the fact that he so early took up his resi- 
dence among them, for his presence here has 
certainly done much toward lifting the city to 
its present high position as the chief among the 
manufacturing points of the natural gas belt. 

* w ^ ARVEY MITCHELL, M. D., was 

l^^^V born in Greene county. Pa., July 21, 

\ W 1825, and is the son of Thomas and 

Sarah Mitchell, both parents natives 

of the same county and state. Thomas Mitchell 

was born March, 1801, married in 1822 Sarah 

Shideler, whose birth occurred in the year 1 802, 

and in 1830 emigrated to Ohio, locating in 

Miami county, where he engaged in the pursuit 

of agriculture. He died in Ohio, September, 

1 86 1, after which event his widow went to 




California, where she departed this life at the 
home of her only daughter, Mrs. Carl, in the 
)ear 1866. Thomas and Sarah Mitchell were 
people of sterling worth and for many years 
leading members of the Christian church. 
They reared the following children: John A., 
a successful farmer of Troy, Ohio; Dr. Harvey, 
the subject of this mention; Isaac, a well 
known physician of Greenville, Ohio; Margaret, 
wife of Wesley Carl, a miner of California; 
Shadrach, farmer, residing in Dane county. 
Wis., and David, a railroad engineer, whose 
home is in California. 

The early years of Dr. Mitchell were spent 
on the home farm, and his educational train- 
ing embraced the studies usually taught in the 
common schools of that period. At the age of 
seventeen he yielded to an inclination of sev- 
eral years' standing and began the study of 
medicine, subsequently taking a full course in 
the Medical college at Columbus, Ohio, from 
which he was graduated in 1850. Thoroughly 
prepared for the active duties of his chosen 
calling, the doctor began the practice of the 
same at the town of Granville, Delaware county, 
Ind., in 1850, and continued there with most 
flattering success for a period of fourteen years, 
removing to Muncie in 1864. From that date 
until 1890 he continued in the active practice, 
but in the latter year, on account of failing 
health, was compelled to take a long needed 
rest, since which time he has gradually retired 
from the profession. In 1893 he met with a 
painful accident, resulting in the fracture of 
the bone in one of his lower limbs, the effect 
of which has made him an invalid, though he 
still retains, unimpaired, allof his strong mental 
faculties. Dr. Mitchell has met with encour- 
aging success in his profession, and financially 
his expectations have been more than realized, 
being at this time one of the wealthy men of 
Muncie. He is largely interested in real estate, 
owning valuable property in the country and 

cit\-, among his improvements in the latter 
being the well known Mitchell block. Orig- 
inally he was a supporter of the democratic 
party, but of late years has gradually drifted 
from the pr-nciples of that political faith, and 
is now a republican. In his religious views he 
adheres to the Christian church, of which he 
has been a consistent membt'r for a number of 

Dr. Mitchell was married in Granville, 
Delaware county, Ind., October 9, 1853, to 
Miss Catherine Ash, who was born in Green 
county, Ohio, May 30, 1837, daughter of 
William Ash. Two children resulted from this 
union: Sarah Florence, deceaseti, ami Har- 
riet B., wife of C. H. Anthonv. 

>^AMES F. MOCK, senior member of the 
m firm of Mock Bros., manufacturers of 
A 1 brick and brick machinery, Muncie, 
Ind., was born in Clarke county, Ohio, 
October 4, 1843, the son of Peter and Sarah 
(Ayers) Mock. These parents were married in 
the above county and state and resided upon 
a farm there until 1845, at which date they re- 
moved to Delaware county, Ind., and pur- 
chased 120 acres of land in Centre township, 
now Boyceton. They resided upon this place 
until 1 85 I, when they moved to what is now 
known as Mock avenue, Muncie, thence, in 
1864, to the corner of Macedonia and Kirby 
avenues, where the widow now resides, Mr. 
Mock having died November 11, 1885. Mr. 
and Mrs. Mock were the parents of six chil- 
dren, 'namely: Mary, wife of J. Russell; James 
F. , John D., Martin G., Riley (deceased) and 
Andrew. James F. Mock, was reared to agri- 
cultural pursuits, received his education in the 
common schools, and on attaining his legal 
majority entered into partnership with his 
father and brother in the manufacture of brick 



and drain tile, with which business he was con- 
nected for a period of twelve years. Disposing 
of his interest in the above business, he went 
to Indianapolis and there engaged with Cooper, 
Lamb & Co. in the manufacture of brick, and 
after one year thus spent he was for the same 
length of time engaged in the manufacture of 
carriages. He then returned to Muncie and 
continued in the same line for a period of two 
years, meeting with success in the meantime. 
His next venture was as a manufacturer of 
farm implements, which he carried on with a 
fair degree of success until 1881, at which 
time, in partnership with his brother, John D. 
Mock, he engaged in the manufacture of brick 
and brick machinery, a business which is still 
conducted by the same firm, and which has be- 
come one of the well known industries of Mun- 
cie. The Messrs. Mock employ forty men 
continually, and the output of their mill is es- 
timated at over six million brick per year, 
nearly all of which find ready sale in the local 
market. Mr. Mock was married November 6, 
1876, to Elizabeth C. Vannort, who was born 
in Brookville, Ohio, on the i6th day of Janu- 
ary, i860, the daughter of Thomas and Mary 
(Williams) Vannort. To Mr. and Mrs. Mock 
have been born the following children: Annie, 
Arthur and Leo C. Politically Mr. Mock is a 
democrat, and as a business man his reputation 
is not confined altogether to Muncie and Dela- 
ware county, but extends throughout the vari- 
ous parts of the United States. 

>^OHN D. MOCK, brother of the pre- 
M ceding, was born in Delaware county 
A J February 28, 1846. He grew to man- 
hood in his native county and early 
effected a business partnership with his father 
and brother, and for many years has been a 
prominent manufacturer of Muncie. Mr. 

Mock was married May 2, 1*^70, to Mary 
Jackson, daughter of William and Sarah (Col- 
lins) Jackson, of Delaware county. Mrs. 
Mock was born March 23, 1852, in the county 
of Delaware, and is the mother of seven chil- 
dren, whose names are as follows: James 
Frank, now bookkeeper for the firm; Wini- 
fred, deceased; Harvey; Jesse, deceased; Mil- 
dred, and two infants who died unnamed. 
Mr. and Mrs. Mock are members of the Bap- 
tist church of Muncie, and are most estimable 
and highly esteemed people. Mr. Mock has 
shown commendable energy in connection with 
the manufacturing establishment with which 
he is identified and is recognized in business 
circles as a man of honesty and integrity of 
purpose. He is a democrat in politics and a 
member of the Pythian fraternity. He is a 
member of the Order of Maccabees, and for 
fifteen years has been a deacon of the Baptist 
church of Muncie, also holding the position of 
trustee in the same at this time. John D. and 
James F. Mock recently purchased a valuable 
tract of land, consisting of sixty acres, known 
as the Cooper farm, north of the city, where 
they now operate an extensive brick factory, 
the capacity of which is over 40,000 per day, 
being one of the largest establishments of the 
kind in Delaware county. 

QARTIN G. MOCK, a representative 
business man of Muncie, and the 
largest collector of ancient relics, 
curios, etc., in the west, is a native 
of Delaware county, Ind. , a son of Peter and 
Sarah Mock, mention of whom appears in 
connection with a preceding sketch. Martin 
G. Mock was born in Centre township on the 
ist day of May, 1848, and after obtaining an 
education, embracing the curriculum of the 
common schools, engaged with his father in 


Ii4i^ ^. M^cA 


the manufacture of brick, which business he cai, arrhaolof^ical, f,'eol()f,'ical, marine and 

continued until 1S74. From the latter year general scientific value, and his large collec- 

until 1878, he followed carriage making with tion, which is always o]ien to the inspection 

financial ]in>fit in the iit\' of Miiimm^-, ami then nf tlu' public, represents an cNpcnditure of 

began dealing in hardware and furniture, with 
which lines of trade he was prominently identi- 
fied for a period of nine years. At the end 
of that time he discontinued the hardware 
business and has since given his attention 
almost exclusixely to furniture and stoves of 
all kinds, being at this time the proprietor of 
one of the largest and best stocked houses of 
the kind in the city — known as the "World's 
Fair." His store rooms, situated on the cor- 
ner of Walnut and Wall streets, are stocked 
with a full line of all articles of furniture, 
ranges, stoves, etc. , demanded by the general 
trade, and his business has been conducted 
with a wisely directed energy that has borne 
results of a most satisfactory financial char- 

For a number of years Mr. Mock has de- 
voted much time and attention to the collect- 
ing of ancient relics and curiosities of histori- 

several thousand dollars in money, and exten- 
sive travel throughout nearly every state of 
the Union. The collection is the largest 
owned by any individual in the state, if not in 
the United States, and compares favorably 
with the public collection of the different his- 
torical societies throughout the countrj-. It is 
a museum within itself, and to enumerate the 
many curious and interesting objects with 
which his cabinets are stored would far tran- 
scend the limits of a sketch of this character. 
As already stated, the collection is the result of 
much tra\el, wide correspondence and pains- 
taking research, which certaiidy would have 
discouraged any one but a man actuated by 
the most intense enthusiasm in this valuable 
and fascinating pursuit. His collection of 
historical relics includes many articles not ob- 
tainable in any part of the country, embracing 
ancient arms of warfare, old muskets, which 


did valiant service in the hands of our fore- 
fathers in the struggle to throw off the British 
yoke; swords wielded by the sturdy hands of 
the colonists in their contests with the savages 
in ante-revolutionary times; curiously wrought 
fire arms from nearly all nations of the world, 
rude knives, clubs, spears, slings and other 
weapons, representing many of the savage 
tribes in different parts of the earth; imple- 
ments of domestic use and instruments of tor- 
tue, grewsome relics of savage butchery in the 
early history of the country, musical instru- 
ments used by the ancients, interesting 
mementoes from the leading battle fields of the 
United States and other countries, and from 
scenes of great national disasters, personal 
belongings of many of the leading men of this 
and other times, autograph letters of eminent 
soldiers, statesmen and other men of renown, 
books, whose value cannot be estimated, printed 
long before the existence of the American con- 
tinent was known to the civilized world, ancient 
coins, bearing the stamp of rulers who swayed 
the destinies of the Roman empire before the 
dawn of the Christian era, old land grants 
bearing the signatures of the early presidents 
of the United States, writs of attachment 
issued by the courts of the colonies, numerous 
missiles picked up on many southern battle 
fields, remnants of flags which annimated 
brave soldiers in many bloody struggles of the 
late war, and hundreds of other curious and 
interesting articles, the mere mention of which 
would be an exceedingly difficult undertaking. 
Among the many articles in the historical 
collection deserving of specific mention the 
following may be noted: a flintlock pistol 
made in 171 2 and carried by one of Gen. 
Braddock's men in the disastrous expedition 
against Fort Duquesne, a sword carried by 
Capt. Riggins in the Revolutionary war, gun 
barrel and six pound shot found at Fort Recov- 
ery, Ohio, 1 79 1, German gun elegantly inlaid 

with silver bearing the date of 1791, pair of 
pistols made in London in 1746, a pair of 
candelabrums that belonged to John Quincy 
Adams — while he was president of the United 
States, also snuffer and trays, and the hammer 
that made Washington's shoes while general 
of the army. 

The archaeological department is especially 
rare, and contains many valuable articles such 
as are found in no other private collection in 
the country, and the counterparts of which 
are to be seen in but few state historical col- 
lections. The collection of relics from mounds 
in different parts of the United States is es- 
pecially valuable, and the well preserved 
specimens of pottery, axes, knives, spear and 
arrow heads, and various stone implements of 
domestic use, speak eloquently of a strange 
and numerous people whose civilization ante- 
dated that of ancient Egypt, but whose his- 
tory is forever wrapped up in the silent 
mystery of the past. Stone tomahawks, flint 
knives, darts, pipes, scrapers, hoes, war clubs 
and other arms and numerous specimens of 
skillful as well as rude ornaments, are among 
the hundreds of relics of the aboriginal period, 
while implements and arms of a more recent 
type, namely, iron and brass hatchets, bows 
and arrows, knives, guns, etc., etc., represent 
the more modern status of the Indian tribes 
of the United States. A lover of books could 
desire no greater pleasure than to linger awhile 
among the ancient and rare volumes in Mr. 
Mock's collection, some of which represent the 
earliest stages of the art preservative, and 
speak of an age when only the wealthy could 
afford to gratify the taste for literature. In 
this department may be noted a Latin book 
250 years old, Luther's translation of the 
Bible 346 years old, a complete set of Peter 
Pindar's works, very rare; school books of all 
kinds, readers and spellers used in our country 
in pioneer times, papers printed during the 



Revolutionary period, complete files of tiie 
Illustrated Press printed during the late war, 
and other publications, manuscripts, etc., too 
numerous to mention. 

In addition to the numerous articles, of 
which but a mere mention has been made, Mr. 
Mock has a large and valuable collection of 
geological specimens, many varieties of marine 
plants and animals of great scientific value, 
many of which were gathered by himself in 
his travels and search after treasures. His 
large collection of ancient clocks, watches and 
sun dials is very valuable, and other specimens 
of skilled workmanship from many countries 
cannot be duplicated in any other collection in 
the west. All in all, the collection is a very 
creditable one and its value cannot be estimated 
in dollars and cents. Mr. Mock certainly 
deserves great credit for getting together so 
many rare and interesting articles, and the col- 
lection represents the labors of no ordinary 
mind in this field of research. 

Mr. Mock was married October 19, 1871, 
to Miss Martha D. Langdon, a native of Law- 
rence county, Ohio, born September 5, 1855, 
daughter of Elijah J. and Lucinda (Yingling) 
Langdon. The wedded life of Mr. and Mrs. 
Mock has been crowned with the birth of four 
children: Pearl (dead), Robert (living), and 
Minnie, and an infant that died unnamed. Mr. 
Mock wields an influence for the democratic 
party, but has never been an aspirant for politi- 
cal recognition or a seeker after the emolu- 
ments of of^ce. Religiously he is a Baptist, 
to which church his wife and son also belong, 
both being valuable members of the Muncie 
congregation. He is an active worker in sev- 
eral fraternal orders, in which he has held 
important official positions: He is P. G. S., 
Improved O. R. M. ; P. C, K. of P.; member 
of the I. O. O. ; F. P. M. W., A. O. U. W. ; 
S. V. K., K. of P.; second vice-chieftain Na- 
tional Chieftains' League, I. O. R. M. Per- 

sonally Mr. Mock enjoys popularity with all 
classes, and his life has been characterised by 
a uniform kindness and courtesy that are com- 
mendable in every respect. His many sterling 
qualities of mind and heart have won for him 
the confidence and esteem of all, and it is with 
pleasure that his biographical sketch is here- 
with presented with those of other representa- 
tive citizens of Delaware county. 

^y^ R. ANDREW R. MOCK, son of Peter 
I I and Sarah M. (Ayers) Mock, was 
/^.^ born near Muncie, March 13, 1859, 
and received his early education in 
the common schools of the city. In his youth 
and early manhood he was employed in farm- 
j ing and brickmaking, and in his maturer years 
became a street contractor. But medicine 
I early attracted his attention, and for some 
I time he was a student in the oflice of Dr. D. 
Schaub, of Muncie. In 1882 he graduated 
from the vitapathic school of the American 
Health co lege, and for three years was engaged 
j in active practice, and still occasionally con- 
sents to give professional advice in urgent 
cases. The system includes the clairvoyant 
diagnosis of diseases and the magnetic and 
massage treatment. In 1888 he entered 
largely upon taking street contracts, and im- 
proved several of the principal avenues of the 
city, graveling Ohmer avenue three miles, 
Macedonia avenue one-half mile, and finishing 
Heekin avenue over a half mile, and also 
graveling other streets and sidewalks, employ- 
ing in active times twelve to fifteen men, f\\t^ 
teams of his own, and hiring others. 
I The doctor was married, in 1883, to Miss 

1 Lillie F. Stewart, daughter of Mark O. and 
Hannah M. (Beemer) Stewart, and this union 
' has been blessed with the birth of five chil- 
1 dren, viz: Calaburn, George A., .\da May, 



Mabel and Grover Mock. The doctor and 
his wife are among the respected members of 
Muncie society, and enjoy the reputation of 
being among the foremost to forward every 
enterprise calculated to advance the moral and 
material progress of the city of Muncie. 

^V^ARKER MOORE, one of the oldest 
1 m and most respected agriculturists of 
^ Centre township, Delaware county, 

Ind., deserves to the full a brief 
notice among those other worthies of the 
township of whom mention is made in these 
pages. He was born February 28, 1826, in 
Scioto county, Ohio. His father, Lewis 
Moore, was born in Pennsylvania January 4, 
1797, and on the 4th day of January, 18 16, 
married Patience Truitt, a native of Arm- 
strong county, Pa., then residing in Scioto 
county, Ohio. They were the parents of ten 
children, namely: Nancy, Aaron, Amanda, 
Rhoda, Parker, John, Lewis, Sarah, Mary and 
Patience, of whom Nancy, Aaron and John 
are deceased. The father was a farmer, and 
followed that occupation during life. He 
sometimes built flat boats while living in Ohio, 
and, loading them with produce, sold it to 
towns along the river. He came with his 
family to Delaware county, Ind., in 1829, and 
entered land in Centre township, where he 
claimed and proved a farm. He died Novem- 
ber 20, 1 841. His wife died September 22, 

Parker Moore was but three years of age 
when he came to this country, and grew up 
with but very limited educational advantages. 
At the age of twenty-three years he married 
Miss Martha, daughter of John and Harriet 
Smith, who died December 10, 1871, leaving 
four children — Caroline, William R. , George 
W. and Parker T. August 8, 1872, he was 

united in marriage with Mrs. Christina, daugh- 
ter of Gilpin E. Cook, and widow of the late 
Andrew N. Ribble, of this county. Her par- 
ents came to Delaware county in 1846, where 
the mother died in 1854. The father then 
moved to Blackford county, Ind. , where he 
was engaged in milling operations until his 
death, which occurred in 1861. Mrs. Moore 
died July 17, 1876. April 16, 1887, Mr. 
Moore was wedded to his present companion, 
Miss Mary Cook, of this county, and the 
daughter ot Gilpin and Sarah (Bush) Cook, 
who were natives of Pennsylvania and who 
are both now deceased. Mr. Moore is one of 
the representative men of this township and 
occupies the old homestead farm. He is a 
successful farmer and an active friend to pub- 
lic improvements and the cause of education. 
He and wife are members of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, and they enjoy the good 
will of all who know them. He is one of the 
earnest republicans of this county and has 
been voting that ticket since the organization- 
of the party in 1854. 


LLIAM R. MOORE, the subject of 
of this sketch, is an old Delaware 
county boy, born and reared in this 
county, where he has spent all of 
his life, with the exception of about eighteen 
years. He is one of a family of eight children, 
the son of William J. and Sarah Moore, nee 
Wilcoxon, both of whom are now deceased. 

His parents were born and raised in Scioto 
county , Ohio. They came west with their 
parents and settled in this county in 1832. 
John Moore, the paternal grandfather, who 
was quite well to do, located on the old State 
road, about three miles southeast of Muncie, 
and built for himself a sub.stantial brick dwell- 
ing on what is now known as the James Boyce 


farm. Loyd Wilcoxon, senior, grandfather on 
the maternal side, located on the same road a 
little east of the other grandfather. 

William J. was given the farm by his father 
about one-half mile east of the old homestead, 
now known as the Charles W. Cecil farm, to 
which he added, by purchase, land enough to 
make in all 400 acre,^. He built for himself a 
comfortable two-story frame dwelling, which 
has been moved back to give place for Mr. 
Cecil's elegant farm dwelling. 

There was finite a colony of Scioto count}' 
people located, about the same year, near and 
around the ^^oores and Wilcoxons, nearly all 
related to them b\' blood or marriage ties, of 
whom we will mention the Truitts, Parker, 
George and James; Jackson's, Mahlon and 
Lemuel G., the latter an uncle of William J., 
and one of the founders of Muncietown, the 
Jackson donation to Muncie cornering at the 
northwest corner of Walnut and Jackson 
streets, being a part of his farm. 

In 1822, when what is now a part of the 
Big Four railway system, then known as the 
Indianapolis, Pittsburg & Cleveland railroad, 
was being constructed through this county, 
William J. removed from his farm (which was 
at that time well stocked, some eighteen head 
of horses, with cattle, sheep and hogs in propor- 
tion), to Selma, a new station on that road, 
six miles east of Muncie, where he engaged in 
general merchandising and continued for many 
years. Uunfortunately for him he could not 
deny any one credit; the result was a large 
number of his customers afterward removed to 
the far west, owing him in the aggregate thou- 
sands of dollars. At about the same time 
he, like many others, put his fine farm 
and some Muncie property into a railroad 
company then proposed building between Cin- 
cinnati and Chicago, via Muncie, receiving 
therefor stock and bonds of the fraudulent | 
corporation, which are still amongst the papers 

of his estate, and if they bore interest at six 
per cent, would anunmt to more than $75,000, 
and yet they are not worth the paper they are 
engraved on. He was of the kind- that never 
became discouraged, and possessed indomitable 
will power. Possessing the confidence and re- 
spect of all who knew him, he set himself the 
task of retriex'ing his lust fnrtnne. which he ac- 
complished by slow but sine degrees. He and 
his life partner lived happily together for nearly 
fifty-eight years, both departing this life in the 
same year, 1893, in the firm belief that " I^eath 
does not end all." 

William Roby, (jr "Kobe," as many are in 
the habit of calling him, was the fifth child, 
was born on the farm referred to, March 9, 
1S45. He receix'ed a good common school 
education, becoming \ery proficient in mathe- 
matics. After leaving school he learned the 
blacksmith's trade. At the breaking out of 
the war of the rebellion, in '61, his father's 
patriotism was such that he volunteered his 
services to help put down the rebellion, which 
was then thought to be a matter that could be 
squelched before breakfast. He was too old 
to be received into the service. Roby was 
then but little past sixteen, too young, but 
owing to the trade that he was working at was 
remarkably well developed, physically, for his 
years. Patriotism was in the air, the war 
news and the fife and drum worked upon him 
until he finally persuaded his father to permit 
him to go in his stead. He enrolled himself 
in Capt. Samuel J. Williams' company, who 
was a near neighbor of the Moores. On the 
2d day of July, '61, Capt. Williams proceeded 
to the state capitol with his company. ft was 
ordered into camp at Camp Morton. The 
various companies that were encamped there 
were being drilled daily in the arts and tactics 
of war by experienced drill masters. On July 
28, Capt. \\'illiams'compan\ was nuistered into 
the United States service for three jears or 


during the war. The company was assigned 
to the Nineteenth regiment Indiana voUmteer 
infantry and drew place as Co. K. Sol. Mere- 
dith, of Wayne county, an intimate friend of 
the governor, was commissioned as its colonel. 
The regiment left for the seat of war on 
August 5, arriving in Washington city, D. C, 
on the 7th, and went into camp on Kolorama 
Heights where daily drills continued. At the 
time that this regiment was organized, the 
United States government had not adopted 
any particular uniform for its troops. The 
state of Indiana, through the indomitable will 
power of its great chief executive officer, that 
grandest of war governors, Oliver P. Morton, 
although handicapped by rebel sympathizers, at 
its own expense uniformed, armed and equip- 
ped its own volunteers and sent them to the 
front. The Nineteenth was supplied with a 
gray uniform which proved to be a rebel color. 
The first engagement that the regiment was in 
it was necessary to tie strips of white muslin 
around their arms to distinguish them from the 
rebel soldiers. The Second, Sixth, and Sev- 
enth Wisconsin regiments, the Nineteenth 
Indiana and the Twenty-fourth Michigan, com- 
posed the famous Iron Brigade, being given 
this name after withstanding the furious on- 
slaught of a whole division of Stonewall Jack- 
son's corps at the battle of Gainesville, Va. 
At the time of the battle of Gettysburg, this 
brigade was the First brigade, First division of 
the First army corps. The First and Eleventh 
army corps opened the battle at Gettysburg 
and did heroic work in stemming the rebel 
advance during the first day until the Union 
army came up and secured position to wage 
successfully the decisive battle of the war. 

Young Moore took part with his regiment 
in various heavy battles — those of Gainesville, 
Chancellorsville, Fredericksburg, Second Bull 
Run, South Mountain, Antietam and other 
minor engagements, thirteen in all, without 

receiving so much as a scratch, until the bat- 
tle of Gettysburg, in the afternoon of the first 
day's fight, while bearing the regimental ban- 
ner, he had the index finger of his left hand 
shot away; was shortly after taken prisoner 
and held in the town of Gettysburg during all 
of the heavy engagements following. On the 
morning of the 4th day of July, 1863, the 
Union army having been victorious, he walked 
away from the place of his confinement, out 
through the streets of the little town, viewing 
the battle field covered with its thousand upon 
thousands of vahant dead soldiers— a battle 
field of historic renown, a battle field where 
the noble martyr Lincoln in- his unapproach- 
able gem of a dedication address of the Nation- 
al cemetery said: "But in a larger sense we 
cannot dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we 
cannot hallow the ground The brave men, 
living and dead, who struggled here, have con- 
secrated it far above our power to add or de- 
tract. The world will little note, nor long 
remember, what we say here, but it can never 
forget what they did here." 

From Gettysburg young Moore was sent to 
Philadelphia, where he was given a clerkship 
after his wound healed. ' The last six months 
of his service were spent in Indianapolis as 
chief clerk for Dr. P. H. Jameson, surgeon in 
charge of the soldiers' home. He was must- 
ered out of the service in August, 1864, and 
immediately secured a position on what is now 
the main line of the Big 4 system. After- 
wards he went to Cincinnati and took a com- 
mercial course in Bryant, Stratton & DeHans' 
Commercial college. Good luck seemed to 
follow him. He has seldom had to seek a 
situation. In 1865 he returned to his old 
home on a visit; while passing through Indian- 
apolis the superintendent of the Bee Line 
tendered him the agency of his road at Selma. 
His parents persuaded him to accept it, which 
he concluded to do. In connection with that 


he engaged in buyinj; and sliippin^ ;;iain and 
prospered in his business 

In 1866. he man-ied Susanna, daujjhtcr of 
W'ilham Miller, who was at one time county 
commissioner. Two children, girls, blessed 
this union but they were soon called to Him 
who gave them. In 1873 he was promoted 
and sent to take charge of the station at Sidney, 
Ohio. Two years after moving there the direc- 
tory of the First National bank of that place 
tendered him a position as cashier of their bank 
at a salary greatly in advance of any that they 
had ever paid previously. He accepted the 
position, and the earnings of the bank during 
his management was the greatest in its history. 
The Resumption act, to take effect in 1879, 
scared hundrds of National banks into liquida- 
tion. This bank went into voluntary liquida- 
tion, paying its shareholders one hundred and 
seventy-five cents on the dollar. He after- 
wards engaged in the grain trade on an exten- 
sive scale, subsequently taking a partner in the 
business. They operated several grain eleva- 
tors, and owned and operated a line of boats 
in connection with their business. Having 
splendid banking facilities, they engaged exten- 
sively in buying track grain of other dealers 
throughout Ohio and Indiana, and shipping it 
to the seaboard. During the large crop years 
of 1879-80, they got caught in a blockade with 
large quantities of grain, which they could not 
get into the seaport markets in time ti apply 
on their sales, in consequence; the}' were 
squeezed badly, crippling them, which event- 
ually ended in an assignment. Mr. Moore, 
when prosperous, had often said that he would 
not give shucks for a young man who could not 
get on his feet again after a financial failure, 
not knowing that he would so soon have a 
chance of trying it for himself. The loss of all 
of his money was as nothing as compared with 
the anguish and humiliation that he felt reflect- 
ed on his business judgment, on which he 


his f: 

self. Twn days afti 
friend from anntlier town ranie over expressly 
to offer him employment, knowing that it was 
needful for him to do something at once toward 
the wolf from the door. The friend pretended 
that it was doing him a favor, but it was princi- 
pally in the fact of his enjoyment of the con- 
sciousness that he had done a kind act to a fellow 
man in distress. The offer of emplnyinent was 
appreciated and promptly accepted and afforded 
time for the " lame duck " to get its bearings. 
After traveling a few weeks another friend volun- 
tarily offered him money for him to engage in 
his former business on a small scale; within six 
months he had cleared his first thousand dollars, 
passing the Rubicon. Mr. Moore had inherited 
from his father father pluck, preseverancc and 
good common sense, and with practical knowl- 
i edge gained in his varied business experiences 
I was soon on the road to prosperity once more. 
He removed to Union City, Ind., where he 
remained two and one-half years, and where 
I splendid opportunities offered for regaining 
lost wealth. 

In the spring of 1887 he removed to Mun- 
cie, and at the present time is devoting all of 
I his business ability to official duties of the 
! Delaware County Building, Savings and Loan 
I association, one of the largest in the state, of 
i which he was the promoter and principal or- 
i ganizer, he holding the principal office, that 
; of secretary. He has had many years" experi- 
ence in various capacities in the building and 
loan business, and has the reputation of being 
; the best posted in this particular line of business 
of any one in the state. 

Susanna Moore, the wife of William K. , is 
the daughter of William and Anna Miller, nee 
Janney. Her parents were born and reared in 
Stark county, Ohio, and removed to Harrison 
township, Delaware county, many years ago, 
where they continued to reside up to the year 
1865, when they removed to Selma. Her 


mother was of English descent and was a re- 
markably beautiful woman in her day. She 
died at her home in Selma, June 4, 1882, and 
was interred in Mount Tabor cemetery. Her 
father possesses a vigorous constitution and is 
still living at an advanced old age. He is en- 
dowed with good common sense, has a cultiva- 
ted mind and a large fund of general informa- 
tion. Susanna takes an active part in church 
work, in literary clubs and her domestic duties, 
and enjoys the confidence and respect of all 
who know her. 

@EORGE W. MUNN, route agent for 
the United States E.xpress company 
for all its lines within the state of 
Indiana, was born on a farm near 
Bradford, Vt., where he lived until he reached 
his eighteenth year, attending school in the 
meantime. In 1870, he went to Chicago, 
whither his brothers had preceded him, and 
just after the tremendous conflagration which 
swept that city in October, 1871; was ap- 
pointed messenger by the American Express 
company for the run between Chicago and 
Cairo, 111. In 1873 he was appointed deputy 
internal revenue collector for the first district 
of Illinois, and held the position until October, 
1875. In 1876 he went to Emporia, Kans. , 
was employed by the Adams Express com- 
pany as messenger on the run from Atchison, 
Kans., to Pueblo, Colo., for a year, and then 
between Emporia and Denison, Tex. ; he 
was then agent for the same company at Jop- 
lin. Mo., for six months, and in January, 1878, 
accepted a position with the Baltimore & 
Ohio Express company as messenger between 
Cincinnati, Ohio, and Parkersburg, W. Va., 
filling the position two years; the next nine 
months he was transfer agent at Cincinnati 
for the Baltimore & Ohio and Ohio & Missis- 

sippi companies, and then auditor of express 
accounts at Cincinnati for the Ohio & Missis- 
sippi company and for a time was acting 
superintendent. April 10, 1882, he became 
route agent for the Baltimore & Ohio Express 
company on the Ohio and Mississippi division 
between Cincinnati and St. Louis, and filled 
that position until March, 1887; later he was 
appointed route agent of the Baltimore & 
Ohio Express company for all of the Cincin- 
nati, Hamilton and Dayton territory, covering 
400 miles, with headquarters at Hamilton, 
Ohio. In September, 1887, the United States 
Express company succeeded the Baltimore & 
Ohio company and Mr. Munn was placed in 
charge at Deshler, Ohio. April i, 1891, he 
was transferred to Indiana, with headquarters 
at Muncie, where he has ever since had cha ge 
of the lines of the combined express companies 
for the state of Indiana, controlling 805 miles 
of road and 103 offices and all the employees. 

Mr. Munn was married in July, 1873, to 
Miss Jane E. Shants, of Willamette, 111. , the 
result being five children, of whom two are 
sons: Amos S. , and Clark C. The other 
three, daughters, are deceased. 

Clark Munn, the father of G. W. Munn, 
was born in New Hampshire, in 1801, and led 
the life of a farmer in the Green Mountain 
state until within the last ten years of his life. 
He was highly honored by his fellow towns- 
men, was their selectman and trustee. He 
ended his days with his children in Chicago, 
111., at the age of seventy-seven. His wife, 
who was born in West Fairly, Vt., February 
I, 1804, was a daughter of Randall Wild, and 
survived until December, 1892. Both were 
interred in Rose Hill cemetery, ten miles from 
Chicago. The family were Congregational- 
ists on both paternal and maternal sides, and 
Clark and his wife died in that faith. Of 
their family of seven sons and four daughters 
four are living, George W. being the seventh 



hoy, of the others, Benjamin M. Munn is a 
member of tlie noted law tirm of Munn cV 
Mapledoni, of ("liicago. Daniel W. is a mem- 
ber of the criminal legal tirm of Munn iS: 
\\' heeler, of the same city, and James Monroe 
Munn is in charge of the records of Cook 
count}-. 111. Each of these boys was a faith- 
ful soldier in the Union army during the civil 
war. Of the deceased children all expired in 
earh' _\outh e.xcepting two — Mary, wife of 
Daniel Hastings, of Corinth, \'t., who died 
about 1853, leaving two children, Hallie, and 
the other daughter was the wife of Sergeant 
Peabody, superintendent of the Baltimore & 
Ohio railroad at Columbus, and died Ma}- 22, 
1893, leaving three children. 

aHARLES F. W. NEELY, "editor and 
proprietor of the Morning, the Sunda}- 
and the Weekly News, Muucie, Ind., 
is a native of the city, born January 4, 
1859, and a son of Moses L. and Mary A. 
(Kenower) Neely. He was educated at the city 
schools, and after graduating at the Muncie 
high school, in 1877, studied law for three 
years in the office of Blount & Templer. 
About the time he was well prepared to enter 
upon the practice of his chosen profession, he 
found the city of Muncie overcharged with legal 
aspirants, and he found employment at other 
business at other points, including St. Louis, 
Mo , for one year, and Kansas City, in the 
same state, for one year, and elsewhere. In 
1885 he purchased the Evening News, of Mun- 
cie, from N. F. Ethell, who founded that 
journal in 1872. It was continued as an even- 
ing newspaper until July 5, 1892, w-hen it was 
changed to the Morning News. To venture 
upon the publication of a morning journal was 
a somewhat precarious undertaking, as many 
sad failures of similar ventures had occurred in 

cities much larger than Muncie, and therefore 
the success of the Morning News has been a 
source of much gratification to its proprietor. 
In August, 1S92. Mr. Neely associated with 
himself Frank J. Claypool, and together they 
began the publication of the Farmers' Record, 
which was, for the time, the official organ of 
the F. M. B. A., but when that political and 
economic organization began to show evidences 
of loss of vigor, Messrs. Neely & Claypool dis- 
posed of their organ to the American I'-armer 
company, of Springfield, Ohio. 

In politics, Mr. Neely has always been an 
earnest republican, and for five years has been 
chairman of the city central republican com- 
mittee; fraternally, he is a member of the B. 
P. O. E.. and of the I. O. R. M. He has 
always manifested a lively interest in the in- 
dustries of Muncie, and has done much toward 
forwarding them, both by the use of his pen 
and other means. He is a sprightly and 
incisive writer, a shrewd politician, and a 
born newspaper man. His marriage occurred 
March 23, 1886, to Miss Sarah E. Morgan, of 
Muncie, a daughter of Thomas Morgan, of 
of Madison county, Ohio. 

Moses L. Neely, father of Charles F. W. 
Neely, was born in Adams county. Pa., April 
30, 1 8 16, and was a son of Moses and Jane 
(Smith) Neely, who left Pennsylvania in 1834, 
and with their son, Moses, and other members 
of their family settled in Clarke county, Ohio. 
He was married March 20, 1838, to Mary A. 
Kenower, a native of Cumberland county, Pa. , 
born March 7, 1818, and taken to Clarke 
county, Ohio, in 1835, by her parents, Jacob 
and Sarah Kenower. In February, 1839, 
Moses L. Neely came to Muncie, Ind., and 
was the second cabinet maker in the town. 
After some years he engaged in general mer- 
chandising at the corner of Main and Walnut 
streets, carrying on the business for eighteen 
years, and then purchased a farm near town. 



to which he retired to enjoy the fruits of the 
labor of his earlier days, but in the short space 
of five years, on January 9, 1869, he passed 
away, leaving, to mourn his loss, a widow and 
ten children, the names of the latter being: 
Cyrus G. , Carey O., Charles F. W., Sarah 
F., Mary J., Laura S., WilmaE., Leonora I., 
Emma and Kate W. Mr. Neely was a repub- 
lican from the organization of that party, and 
a pious member of the Presbyterian church, 
of which, also, his widow is a consistent 

•HOMAS S. NEELY was born Sep- 
tember 13, 181 1, in Adams county. 
Pa. , of which county his grandfather, 
Thomas Neely, and his father, Moses 
Neely. were also natives. His father married 
Jane Smith in that county, and was engaged 
in agricultural pursuits, owning a farm within 
eleven miles from Gettysburg. In 1831, he 
moved with his family to Miami county, Ohio, 
and, about the year i 840, to Randolph count}-, 
Ind. , settling near the town of Windsor. His 
family consisted of four sons and five daughters, 
of whom Thomas S. is the only survivor. 

In early life Thomas S. Neely was engaged 
in the labor of farm work at home, attending 
the district school in the winter until seventeen 
years of age, when he was apprenticed to a 
blacksmith at Petersburg, Pa., to learn the 
trade. He remained with him for nearly three 
years, and having acquired a good knowledge 
of the trade, he began to work on his own ac- 
count, and in 1831 removed with his parents 
to Miami county, Ohio. He worked at his 
trade in Troy, Urbana, and other Ohio towns, 
and, in 1833, returned to his former home in 
Pennsylvania, and was wedded to Miss Matilda 
Wierman. He lived in Miami count}' six years, 
and, in February, 1839, came to Muncie, with 
whose interests he has long been identified. 

He at first engaged in the grocery trade, 
but the town was small and the merchants 
plenty, and he was soon convinced that there 
was a better opening for the mechanic than 
the merchant, and decided therefore to devote 
himself to his trade. He accordingly opened 
a blacksmith shop, and followed his trade for 
over twenty years. From 1842 to 1848 he 
served as a member of the board of county 
commissioners of Delaware county, and as 
school director subsequent to that time. In 
June, 1878, he was elected as a member of the 
board of education. His first purchase of real 
estate was the lot now occupied by the Abbott 
house, where he had his residence, and, at a 
later date, he erected the brick block on Main 
street, in which the photographic rooms of L. 
S. Smith are now located. In this building 
Mr. Neely established a daguerreotype gallery, 
and made the first pictures in Muncie, and 
was the leading photographer of this city until 
about twenty years ago, when he transferred 
the gallery to his son, Lon M. 

While carrying on the trade of black- 
smithing in Muncie, he was compelled to send 
to Cincinnati for iron, hauling it home by 
teams, and often had to leave his work here 
and make a personal visit to that city, when 
important purchases were to be made. This 
slow and expensive method of transportation 
set him to thinking, and with characteristic 
promptness, his thoughts developed into 
action. In the spring of 1847 he determined 
to move to secure the location of a railroad to 
Muncie, by some practical route; and acting 
upon this determination, circulated a subscrip- 
tion paper to secure funds with which to pay 
for posters to advertise a railroad mass meet- 
ing, to be held at Muncie. A hard canvass 
resulted in his securing only a part of the funds 
necessary, and, contributing the balance from 
his own purse, he had the bills struck and 
posted up, designating June 26, 1847, as the 



day of meeting. This meeting was almost 
barren of results, and was adjourned to August 
20, when men of talent and public spirit from 
abroad were invited, resolutions were passed 
recommending Delaware county to vote a tax 
of $12,000, at the ensuing fall election, to aid 
the enterprise. Mr. Neely, although unac- 
customed to public speaking, yet led in the 
public discussion of this question throughout 
the county, and had the pleasure of seeing it 
settled by an affirmative vote. 

The happy choice of a companion in early 
life proved the solace of other years; and they 
were each spared to bless the other, and see 
their children grow to honorable and useful 
maturity. Eliza is the wife of A. J. Wachtell, 
of Muncie; M. Jennie resides with the father; 
Thaddeus A., prominent manufacturer of 
Muncie, married Miss Harriet Huston, of Par- 
is, 111.; Leonidas M., married Miss Welthy 
Berkey, of Grand Rapids, Mich., and resides 
in Muncie. Mrs. Neely died September 19, 
1 886, since when Mr. Neely has lived with 
his daughter. Miss M. Jennie. 

M ceased), for many years an active busi- 
/• 1 ness man and prominent citizen of 
Muncie, was a native of Pennsylvania, 
born on the 3d day of March, 1826, in the 
county of Cumberland. His parents were 
Samuel and Elizabeth Nickey, both natives of 
the Keystone state, where their ancestors had 
resided from an early period in the history of 
the country. At the age of sixteen Jeremiah 
F. Nickey left the parental roof and located at 
Fairfield, Greene county, Ohio, but previous to 
that time he had learned the tailor's trade in 
the county of his nativity. Owing to circum- 
stances, over which he had no control, his 
means of obtaining a literary education were 

greatly limited, but possessing a mind of great 
activity, and desirous of acquiring a knowledge 
of books, he devoted his leisure moments to the 
accumulation of knowledge, frequently poring 
over his studies at a late hour, with no other 
light than that afforded by a blazing pine knot. 
After becoming proficient in his trade, he 
worked at the same for four years, in Ohio, 
and, at the same time, read medicine under 
the instruction of Dr. McElhaney, of Fairfield. 
Later, he added to his literary knowledge by 
a course in Wesleyan college, Delaware, Ohio, 
which institution he attended for some time, 
and after his marriage, in 1850, with Miss 
Christina Miller, he located at the town of 
Quincy, Ohio, where, in addition to working 
at his trade, he taught school until his removal 
to Muncie, Ind., in the year 1858. 

On locating in this city, Mr. Nickey ef- 
fected a co-partnership in the drug business 
with Dr. William Craig, which relationship 
terminated after five years' duration, the place 
of business being on Main street. After the 
retirement of his partner, Mr. Nickey con- 
tinued on the half square between Walnut 
and Mulberry streets, where he carried on 
business until his death. Mr. Nickey's life 
was characterized by energy and probity, and 
by his long residence in Muncie and active 
association with the people became widely 
known. He fairly solved the problem of suc- 
cess, so far as material wealth is concerned, 
earned the reputation of a man of honor and 
integrity, and ended a well rounded life on 
the /th of July, 1886. He was a life-long 
member of the Methodist church, and in the 
Masonic fraternity he was for many years an 
active worker, having taken a number of de- 
grees, including that of Knight Templar. 
Politically he was a republican. Mrs. Nickey, 
who survives her husband, was born in Greene 
I county, Ohio, April, 1830, and is the mother 
! of three living children: Vinton I., Mary V. 


and Frank B. ; a daughter, Artemissa, is de- 

Frank B. Nickey, third child of Jeremiah 
F. and Christina Nickey, was born June 9, 
1867, in Muncie, Ind., in which city his life 
has been passed to the present time. His lit- 
erary education was received in the Muncie 
schools, and in 1889 he graduated from the 
St. Louis college of Pharmacy, since May of 
which year he has been actively engaged in 
the drug trade. He is a Mason, being a mem- 
ber of both chapter and commandery, belongs 
to Welcome lodge. No. 37, K. of P., and is also 
connected with the K. O. E. M. Mr. Nickey 
was married, in 1889, to Miss Ina C, daughter 
of James N. and Sarah (Mills) Cropper, the 
fruit of which union is one child, a daughter, 

I /^ raphies should not be published unless 
JL^F there is something in the life or char- 
acter of the individual worthy of emu- 
lation or imitation by others under like circum- 
stances — certainly not for self aggrandizement. " 
Such were the words of Mr. Patterson when 
approached by the publishers of this work, but 
sufficient was drawn from him to learn that 
there was something in the inner life of the 
man worthy of more than incidental mention. 
Robert I. Patterson was born in Muncie, Ind., 
March 28, 1843. His father, S. R. Patterson, 
was a native of Vermont, and his mother was 
born in Lexington, Ky. , to which place her 
father. Burns Turner, moved with his family 
from the state of Delaware to assist in build- 
ing a house for that sterling patriot and states- 
man, Henry Clay. Here her mother died, 
and upon the completion of the building the 
family came to Indiana and located near Econ- 
omy, Randolph county, but later, in 1828 or 

1829, moved to Muncie, where her father, and 
her brothers. Minus and William Turner, 
engaged in burning brick, brick laying and 
plastering. At that time Muncie was little 
more than an Indian trading post, containing 
but a few log houses, and they built the first 
brick dwelling ever erected in Delaware county 
— the dwelling being on Main street and the 
business house on the ground now occupied by 
the Delaware County National bank. Minus 
Turner also built the first hotel (ortavern),onthe 
present site of the Patterson block, corner Main 
and Walnut streets. In this hotel the parents of 
our subject first met and were married. After 
a few years of hardship and privation incident 
to pioneer life, they moved in a covered wagon 
to Chicago, 111., where the father went into 
the tin and stove business, and became the 
owner of several lots at the ccrner of Lake 
and State streets. Here, also, the subject of 
this sketch (then a child) strayed from home 
and was lost for two days and a night, an 
event which so prostrated the mother that she 
was confined to her bed for many months. 
Disheartened by sickness and business losses, 
the father sold what little was left him and 
endeavored to retrieve his fortune at various 
points in Illinois. In Bloomington he was 
associated with the great land owner and 
cattle king, Isaac Funk, and later became ac- 
quainted with the then young lawyer, Abra- 
ham Lincoln. Being the only whig, or 
republican, at that time in a family of eight 
brothers, he was always an ardent supporter 
of this great and good man, and finally was 
killed at Kenesaw Mountain, Ga., in the serv- 
ice of this great chieftain. Robert I. Patter- 
son inherited this love of country and the 
cause of human freedom, and he, too, at the 
age of seventeen years, enlisted, in 1861, and 
served his country four years in the Nine- 
teenth Indiana infantry, and re-enlisted in the 
field for three years more. He was wounded 



at Antietam and Gettysburg, and at the latter 
place was also taken prisoner. 

The services of Mr. Patterson throughout 
the war were rendered in the celebrated Iron 
brigade, it being the First brigade. First di- 
vision of the First army corps of the army of 
the Potomac, being the first brigade organized 
in the Union army, and the official records 
show that it sustained a greater loss in actual 
killed than any other. He has an individual 
record of fourteen general engagemets, beside 
the minor battles and skirmishes in which the 
brigade took part. Up till the time of his 
enlistment, the life of Robert I. Patterson was 
passed in helping to batter the wolf of hunger 
and privation from his cabin home, and he was 
consequently deprived of even a common 
school education, but his father having been a 
school teacher, and the son being of a very 
studious nature, the latter mastered the rudi- 
ments of an English education, which were 
later supplemented by knowledge gained in 
the great school of experience. The precepts 
and examples of an earnest christian mother 
were fortitude and devotion at all times, 
especially through the dark days of the Rebel- 
lion, when she was left at home with eight 
small children to care for, one of whom died 
just before the father was killed and while the 
subject was lying wounded in the United 
States hospital. The good people, however, 
have been considerate of the claims of worthy 
soldiers, and Mr. Patterson has been honored 
by them. Being an ardent but consistent 
partisan and writer, his influence was appreci- 
ated, and he was appointed to a clerkship in 
the Indiana house of representatives during 
its session of 1876-77, a part of which term, 
however, he resigned to accept a position as 
railway postal clerk between Pittsburg, Pa. , 
and St. Louis, Mo. He was subsequently 
transferred and distributed mail between In- 
dianapolis, Ind. , and Cleveland, Ohio. The 

service was severe and the strain on his nerv- 
ous and physical system immense, aggravating 
his army injuries, and he was compelled to re- 
sign. About this time his name was men- 
tioned as a candidate for county treasurer, but 
the convention was corrupted and he lost the 
nomination. February 7, 1882, he was ap- 
pointed postmaster at Muncie by President 
Arthur, and filled the office very satisfactorily, 
and a change of administration alone prevented 
his re-appointment. The faculty of invention 
and construction is largely developed in Mr. 
Patterson, and he is the patentee of several 
useful inventions, among which are the J. I. C. 
steel wire curry-comb, and two patents on 
fruit jar fastenings, the complete jar, with its 
fastening, being now manufactured at West 
Muncie by the Patterson Glass company, and 
being pronounced b) experts the most simple, 
cheap and durable of any invented. Mr. Pat- 
terson, however, is perhaps best known as a 
poet, and many of his poems have had an ex- 
tensive publication in the poetical and secular 
press, some of them in the Indianapolis Jour- 
nal, the Judge, Cosmopolitan and other peri- 
odicals. Some have become more favorably 
known through their rendition by his daughter. 
Pearl, (now Mrs. W. R. Bean) who has earned 
a wide reputation as an elocutionist. 

>^ WALLACE PERKINS is a native of 
■ Delaware county, Ind., born in the 
A J city of Muncie on the 8th day of Octo- 
ber, 1846, the son of William H. and 
Susan (Russey) Perkins. The father was a 
native of Kentucky and located in Muncie 
when it was but a mere village and started the 
first tailoring establishment in the place. He 
followed his trade in Muncie continuously until 
Februar}-, 1855, when he moved to Vandalia, 
Mich. , thence two years later to the city of 


Niles, that state, where he resided until his 
death in 1875. William H. Perkins displayed 
commendable energy in his chosen calling and 
his death was the result of over exertion and 
exhaustion brought on by the sickness of his 
wife, who for a number of weeks had required 
his constant attention. He was the first man 
to introduce the sewing machine into Indiana, 
and the one he operated in Muncie cost him 
the sum of $250. He died at the age of sixty- 
three; his widow still survives, having reached 
the good old age of seventy-five years, and at 
this time resides with her youngest daughter 
in the town of Carthage, Ind. Mr. and Mrs. 
Perkins reared a family of three sons and three 
daughters, namely: Harvey W., Mary A., John 
S. , J. Wallace, Martha J. and Minnie E. Of 
the above sons, Harvey W. and John S. served 
in the late war as members of Michigan regi- 

J. W. Perkins spent the first nine years of 
his life in Muncie, and in 1855 was taken by 
his parents to Michigan, in which state he re- 
ceived his educational training, attending the 
common schools until his fourteenth year. On 
quitting school he entered a printing office in 
St. Joseph, Mich., where he worked for six 
months for $12.50 and board, and then se- 
cured a position in an office at Niles, where he 
was employed for about a half year at $30 
and board. He remained at Niles until 1868, 
and for one year thereafter worked in a job 
office at Indianapolis, thence came to Muncie, 
where for six months he held a position in the 
office of the Muncie Times. Returning to 
Indianapolis at the end of that period, he fol- 
lowed his trade in that city until, in partner- 
ship with William Chandler, he became asso- 
ciate publisher of the Muncie Telegraph, with 
which paper he was identified for about 
eighteen months. On the suspension of the 
Telegraph, Mr. Perkins again accepted a posi- 
tion on the Times, with which he remained 

until 1877, when he accepted a place in the 
government printing office at Washington, D. 
C, where he remained for a limited period. 
Returning to Muncie, he again engaged with 
the Times, and in 1 880, started a job office, 
which he has since successfully conducted, and 
with judicious management has made one of 
the leading printing establishments of the 
city. Mr. Perkins is a practical printer, thor- 
oughly familiar with all the details of the trade, 
and his office is equipped with all the modern 
improvements and latest appliances, and its 
reputation for first class work is second to no 
other printing house in eastern Indiana. 

Mr. Perkins is a republican in his political 
convictions and stands high in the councils of 
his party in Muncie and Delaware county. He 
is prominent in the Masonic order, having 
taken all the degrees of the York and Scottish 
rites of the fraternity, including the thirty- 
second degree. He held the responsible posi- 
tion of eminent commander of Muncie com- 
mandery. No. 18, for two years, and for the 
past twelve years has served as secretary of 
Muncie lodge. No. 403. Mr. Perkins was mar- 
ried on October 25, 1877, to Miss Mary L. 
Winton, daughter of Dr. R. Winton, a late 
prominent physician of Muncie, whose sketch 
appears elsewhere in these pages. Mrs. Per- 
kins was born in the town of Wheeling, Dela- 
ware county, and has passed the greater part 
of her life in Muncie, to which city she was 
brought, when a mere child, by her parents. 
Mr. Perkins has an enviable reputation both 
as a citizen and business man, and his success 
in life has been altogether due to his own 
efforts. He may be truly styled a self made 
man, in all the term implies, and his example 
should serve to encourage others who start out 
to fight life's battles empty handed. Person- 
ally, he enjoys great popularity in Muncie and 
is highly esteemed by all for his integrity, 
good character and sterling qualities of man- 



hood. He is strictly temperate in his habits, 
having always abstained from the use of all 
intoxicants and tobacco, and with his wife be- 
longs to the Episcopal church, in which he 
holds the office of vestryman. In a financial 
sense, Mr. Perkins has met with well deserved 
success and owns several valuable pieces of 
property in the cit)'. 

>^OHX S. PETTY, deceased, wasprobabl.\- 
m one of the most extraordinar\', as well 
A 1 as one of the most successful business 
men that ever resided in the city of 
Muncie. He was a son of Joshua and Sarah 
E. (Sheets) Petty, was born at New Paris, 
Ohio, July 12, 1830, and when a child was 
taken, by his father, to Wayne county, Ind., 
where he was reared on the home farm and 
received a good connnon school education. 
At the age of eighteen years, his father having 
a large family to maintain, he was given his 
"freedom," and his first business venture was 
to work one hundred days, at fifty cents per 
day, for Alvah Macy; he also worked for 
a while in the saw mill at Economy, Ind., 
near Hagerstown, and e\-en at that early day 
the spirit of speculation was made manifest 
within him. He was commissioned by an old 
Quaker gentleman to make a purchase of live 
stock, and his great success in filling this order 
confirmed this spirit. His father, who origi- 
nally came from near Winston, N. C. , and 
was married at New Paris, Ohio, moved from 
Wayne county to Miami county, Ind., and 
thither young Petty followed, and began buy- 
ing stock in a comparatively small way, on 
his own account, realizing handsome profits 
on every venture. At the age of twenty-three, 
April 22, 1855, he made his first venture on 
the sea of matrimony, and wedded Miss Fran- 
ces Bailey, of \\'ayne county, Ind., and then 

made his appearance in the city of Muncie, 
the scene of his future business exploits 
and triumphs. Here he was employed 
as a clerk in tlu' dry goods store of S. 
P. & E. Anthony, whom he served about 
two years, and while with them sus- 
tained the most serious accidental injury of 
his life. The firm carried, in addition to their 
stock of dry goods, a line of groceries, and in 
an effort to lift a barrel of rice somewhat 
heavier than the scope of his strength, Mr. 
Petty strained his spine, and for a year after- 
ward was invalided. The effect of this injury 
was to reduce his stature and to render his 
posture a stoop, but he recovered his health 
in a general sense, albeit somewhat malformed 
physically. On his coming to Muncie, with 
his usual astuteness Mr. Petty had invested 
his early earnings in western lands, and these 
he sold at the proper time at handsome profits. 
\^'ith the proceeds he embarked in the dry 
goods trade about a year before the breaking 
out of the Civil war. As an instance of his 
business sagacity, it may be mentioned that 
on one occasion during the war he had pur- 
chased a bill of dry goods from a firm in Cin- 
cinnati, foreseeing the advance in prices 
forthcoming, and at the same time took an 
option at duplicating the order — which he did 
— but the Cincinnati firm saw how they had 
been overreached by a superior tradesman, 
and offered Mr. Petty $2,000 to be released 
from the contract — but Mr. Petty was too far- 
seeing to consent to any such scheme, and 
realized a handsome profit. His surplus earn- 
ings were wisely and judiciously invested in 
town and city real estate, and with invariably 
remunerative results. So well established was 
his reputation for sagacity in business, that he 
was constantly consulted by his fellow mer- 
chants and others on all important ventures, 
and his advice never went amiss. During his 
mercantile career he never lost sight of the 



fact that there was money in live-stock, and 
his farm was in a great measure devoted to 
grazing and breeding, and profitably so. 

April 3, 1865, Mr. Petty had the misfortune 
to lose his wife by consumption. Her four 
children were also swept away by the same 
fell disease, two in infancy and two after having 
reached the years of maturity. The second 
marriage of Mr. Petty took place September 
24, 1867, to Mehssa A. Lewis, but a second 
time death deprived him of his companion. 
May 28, 1868. August i, 1869, he was most 
happily married to Melissa J. Bole, daughter 
of William Bole, Esq., of Delaware county, 
Ind. , and to this felicitous union two children 
were born, Wilbur A. and Walter E., both 
now at home. Mr. Petty continued in active 
business until 1875, when failing health warned 
him to retire, and the last seventeen years of 
his life were devoted to the care of his farm 
and vast city property, not so much for the 
purpose of adding to his already large fortune, 
but more for the reason that he was of that 
nervous temperament that precluded his being 
unemployed. He could not abstain, indeed, 
from working early and late, and while his 
health was unimpaired, he was vigorous to an 
extreme. When the time came, however, as 
it must come to all, he went to Martinsville for 
a week's rest and recuperation, but he went too 
late. Tired nature asserted herself, and for 
two years had tampered with his stomach and 
eventually with his heart, and on September 
13, 1892, the strong man yielded to the inevi- 
table, and passed to the spirit land at the age 
of sixty-two years and two months. He had 
been a life long communicant of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, and had lived faithfully up 
to its precepts, and yet he had had an abiding 
faith in the return to earth of the disembodied 
spirits of those who had gone before, and with 
whom he felt assured that he was in constant 
communication. Mr. Petty was a member of 

the I. 0.0 F. , and was fully in accord by 
nature with that benevolent fraternity, exercis- 
ing the doctrine of friendship, love and truth 
in and out of the order, none, really deserving, 
appealing to him in vain. 

,>^ EV. ABNER PERDUIE was born, 
I /^ reared and married in Guilford county, 
1 , P N. C. He obtained a most ecxellent 
classical education and was trained to 
preach in the Methodist Episcopal church 
when about seventeen years of age. He was 
actively engaged in the ministry in his native 
state and Virginia until about 1831, when he 
removed his family to Indiana, stopping first, 
for a few years, in Henry county, then coming 
to Delaware county. He entered land and 
settled two miles west of Muncie, where he 
made a good farm. He taught several schools 
and did much preaching, and after his remov- 
al to Indiana changed his relation in church 
from his early choice to the Protestant Meth- 
odist. In this relation he organized and 
started most of the churches of that denomi- 
nation in Delaware and Henry counties. Mr. 
Perdiue was a good orator, fine preacher, well 
versed in the theology of the Bible, always 
earnest for what he believed was the right, 
and popular in the pulpit and out. In his day 
he preached more funeral sermons and solem- 
nized more marriages than any minister in this 
part of Indiana. He died in 1876, aged 72 

t^/^ EV. NER H. PHILLIPS, retired 

I /^ Methodist Episcopal divine, of Mun- 

^ . P cie, Ind., was born in Washington 

township, Randolph county, Ind., 

September 11, 1829, and is a son of Thomas 

and Rebecca (Hammitt) Phillips, natives of 




Burlington count}-, X. J., and pioneers of In- 
diana, who entered i6o acres of land in Kan- 
dolph county in 1818, and made settlement 
thereon in 1819. On this farm the father 
passed the remainder of his life, being called to 
his final home April 9, 1874, and the mother 
followed him to his heavenly abode October 
10, 1886. They were parents of nine chil- 
dren, \'\z: Lydia A., wife of ^\'illiaIn Millman; 
Thomas, who died at the age of six years; 
Welsey, deceased, and William, twins; Rebec- 
ca, widow of John H. Bakehorn; Ner H., the 
reverend gentleman whose name opens this 
sketch; M. H., a merchant of Warsaw; Ancil 
B., a grocer of Muncie, and Hester Ann, wid- 
ow of John Hudson, of L}nn, Ind. The ]iar- 
ents were both sincere in their belief in the 
tenets of the Methodist church. The father 
was an industrious, hard-working man, had 
cleared from the wilderness over 100 acres of 
his 160 acre farm, and paid for his land twice 
over through going security for either unscru- 
pulous or unfortunate neighbors. 

Ner H. Phillips assisted in the clearing and 
the cultivating of his father's farm until he 
had attained twenty-four years (jf age, in the 
meantime, however, a\ailing himself of the 
means of education that the neighboring 
schools of the period afforded. He never at- 
tended college, as the expense of tuition would 
be too great a hardship for his father to meet; 
but, following an opposite course, became a 
mechanic by learning the carpenter's trade, 
which he followed as an adjunct to farming 
from the age of eighteen until that of twent}- 
four — working in the spring and fall, or before 
and after the crops had been cared for. Dur- 
ing the winters of 1850-51-52 he taught 
school, and then at twenty-four years of age 
entered the ministry of the Methodist Episco- 
pal church, receiving appointments to circuits 
and stations in the following consecutive order: 
Selma circuit, Delaware count\-, Ind., one 

year; Windsor, Randolph county, one year; 
Pern station, one year; Selma, again one year; 
Alliany. Delaware county, one year; Marion 
station, one year; Pendleton, Ind., two years; 
Williamsburg and Centreville circuit, one 
year; Knightstown station, two years; Pearl 
street, Richmond, Iml , two years; Berry 
street, Fort \\'ayne, two years; thence to the 
Sim]ison chapel, now High Street church, 
Muncie, and was presiding elder of the Muncie 
district for four years; then on the Warsaw 
district for four years, two years in Goshen, 
Ind., and then again at Knightstown, for two 
years, but during his second year here his 
health broke down and lie was compelled to 
rest for a year and one half; he then went to 
Hartford City for three years, then to Kendall- 
ville, Ind , two years; to I'ishersburg three 
years, and finally was retired to Muncie with 
impaired health. But he remains actively em- 
ployed in church work. During all these years 
of labor in the ministerial field his piety and 
elo(]uence have been duly recognized, and his 
work in the vineyard of the Lord perforce ac- 
knowledged. He holds membershi]) in North 
Indiana conference, which came to him with- 
out seeking for it, and was twice a delegate to 
and member of the general conference^once 
in Brooklyn, N. ^■., in 1872, and once in 
Baltimore, Md., in \S;i, an lionor imt to be 
slightingly io.,kedupon. 

Rev. Phillips was joined in the iioly bonds 
of matrimony, August 14, 1S51, in P>looining- 
ton, Randolph county, Ind., to Mary (larrett, 
who bore him five children, of whom three are 
living, viz: Katie, wife of O. B. Thacher, of 
Spokane, Wash., Mary J., wife of A. B. 
Kline, of Bluffton, Ind., and Emma G., at 
home with her father. The mother of this 
family was called from earth Januar\- 24, 1879, 
at Goshen, Ind., and her mortal remains lie 
interred at that place. The second marriage 
of Mr. Phillips was solemnized April 13. 1880, 



in Circleville, Clinton county, Ind., with 
Nancy E. (Wilson) White, widow of Dr. J. 
B. White. This lady is also a devout mem- 
ber of the Methodist church. In politics Mr. 
Phillips is a republican. He is at present a 
non-affiliating member of the I. O. O. F. , but 
before his voluntary withdrawal from active 
work iji the order was an honored and promi- 
nent member and had attained a high rank in 
the brotherhood. Mr. Phillips is a strong ad- 
vocate of temperance. He has never tasted 
an intoxicant during all his life, and never loses 
an opportunity to inveigh against the accursed 
traffic in liquor. 

I I sician, botanist and geologist," of 
/^^^ Muncie, Ind., was born in Russell 
township, Geauga county, Ohio, Au- 
gust 27, 1850. He was reared on the home 
farm until of age, receiving in the meantime a 
good common school education, supplemented 
by an attendance at Geauga seminary and two 
terms at Oberlin college, and at Allegheny col- 
lege, Meadville, Pa. , until he reached the ju- 
nior year, devoting special attention to the 
sciences and mathematics. During his colle- 
giate course, also, he employed his spare time 
in teaching in the common schools of Geauga 
and adjoining counties for six terms. In 1875 
he took his first course of medical lectures, be- 
ginning in the medical department of Wooster 
university; his second course was at Pulte 
Medical college, of Cincinnati, in 1876-77, 
from which he graduated in the last named 
year. For little over a year he practiced in 
Gallon, Ohio, and in October, 1878, come to 
Muncie, where he has had an excellent prac- 
tice ever since. He turned his especial atten- 
tion to botany at the time he left college, and 
his last work in this line ended with 1882, 

when he was employed to prepare a complete 
record of the flora of Delaware county, Ind. , 
which was published in the report of the state 
geological survey of that year. In this record 
he classified 720 plants, including grasses, 
sedges, rushes and flowers, and the task occu- 
pied him several years. The doctor has been 
a student of geology for many years, but his 
first official recognition was in 1881, when he 
was employed to make a geological survey of 
Delaware county, which proved to be so satis- 
factory that he was subsequently employed to 
survey Randolph, Grant, Henry and the north- 
ern portion of Wayne, and the results were in- 
cluded in the state report of 1882, 1883 and 
1885-86 (two in one). This was a labor of 
• five or six years, taken in connection with the 
practice of his profession. On the discovery 
of natural gas, the doctor began the study of 
the phenomenon minutely and scientifically, 
keeping a record of all the data obtainable 
throughout the state of Indiana, including 
records of all the geological strata passed 
through in drilling — thickness, altitude, depth 
of Trenton limestone; whether gas, oil 
or water was found, total depth of well, and 
other minute facts, and securing and label- 
ing samples of drillings. By these data he 
was enabled to determine the limits of the 
field, and was the first to accurately define it. 
These reports were made the base of a series 
of articles, by the doctor, published in the 
American Manufacturer and Iron World, in 
December, 1887, and afterward, in full, in the 
Indianapolis News, and in the Petroleum Age, 
at Bradford, Pa., and attracted profound at- 
tention throughout the country. Major J. W. 
Powell, director of the United States geologi- 
cal survey, impressed with the thoroughness 
of the work done, appointed the doctor United 
States geological surveyor for a continuation 
of the survey of the Indiana gas field and di- 
rected a complete report to be made thereon. 



«^ - 














This was a labor of three years, and forms a 
part of the eleventh annua! rejiort t)f the 
United States geological surve}'. It is amply 
illustrated with maps and sectional views, and 
embraces everything of interest in relation to 
the gas field. The doctor has also been 
called to different parts of the United States 
at various times, in connection with his work. 
He has secured one of the most comprehen- 
sive working geological libraries in the state, 
and has collected an e.xcensive variety of fos- 
sils, minerals and fresh water and land shells, 
embracing over 17,000 species, all classified 
and labeled. In the fall of 1892, this collect- 
ion was sold, and donated to Buchtel college, 
Akron, Ohio. The bulk of this immense re- 
search, study and labor has been accomplished 
within the past twelve years, and yet the 
doctor has assidiously attended to his daily 
professional duties, to which he now exclu- 
sively devotes himself, and in which he holds 
high rank. Music affords him his only pastime. 
The marriage of Dr. Phinney took place, 
October 16, 1879, to Miss Mary E. Little, 
daughter of John L. Little, of Muncie, and to 
this union one child, Louise, has been born. 

I his life work. In February, 1869, Mr. Pixley 
came to Muncie and engaged in painting with 
Alexander Wiley, and three years later became 
one of the principal workmen for the firm of 
Slinger & Wiley, and was thus employed until 
1892, when he became a member of the (inn. 
Mr. Pixley is a skillful painter, as is proved by 
the many specimens of his handiwork, as seen 
in the signs he has turned out. He is a repub- 
lican in his political affiliations, a member of 
the Odd Fellows' fraternity, and, for some 
years, has been an active worker in the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church. Mr. Pixley was mar- 
ried July 3, 1 861, to Miss Rebecca J. Kichey. 
of Delaware county, Ind., and their home has 
been gladdened by two children: Gertrude and 


ILLIAM N. PIXLEY, painter, was 
born in Adams count}-, Ohio, Sep- 
tember II, 1 85 I, son of Elijah and 
Harriet A. (Abbot) Pixley. Elijah 
and Harriet Pixley were born and married in 
the above county and state and reared a fam- 
ily of three children: William N., Jennie, 
(deceased), and James, who resides in Tacoma, 
Washington. The father died of cholera July 
4, 1855, and the mother is living at this time 
with her son in the city of Tacoma. William 
N. received his education in the common 
schools of Ohio, and at the age of eighteen began 
learning the painter's trade, which he has made 


HOMAS PORT began life at the bot- 
tom of the ladder, which he has 
mbed to the top with no help but a 
brave heart, industrious hands and 
an intelligent brain, and is a living example of 
what may be accomplished in this country by 
thrift and perseverance, even under discour- 
aging circumstances. He was born in Belfast, 
Ireland, May 3, 1836, a son of John and Mary 
Jane (Carlton) Port. The parents were na- 
tives of the same place, married there and 
were in comfortable circumstances, but the 
long trip across the water to America prett)' 
well drained their resources. They located in 
Fayette county, Ind., where they engaged in 
a general merchandise business, and Mr. Port 
followed this all of his life, wl^ich ended in 
1839, his wife dying in 1841, and they were 
buried in Fayette county. They had been 
members of the Presbyterian church, and in 
his political views he was a tory. Four chil- 
dren were born to them — William, Margaret 
and Eli^a J., all deceased, Thomas being the 


only one yet living. The mother afterwards 
married Jacob Troxall, and Thomas was reared 
by his step-father until he was seventeen years 
old, when he left home, possessing one pair of 
pants, one shirt and a straw hat, and reached 
the home of his sister, the wife of William 
Wilson, in the same county, bare-footed. 
Here he was given a good home and worked 
for a year for his board and clothes, at which 
time he decided to begin farming for himself. 
He engaged to buy an old horse for $60 on 
one year's time, and rented twenty-five acres 
of land. He tended a crop on this piece of 
land, sold it for $20 per acre, and thus gained 
a start in life. 

Coming to Muncie the ne.xt winter, his 
quick intelligence showed him that money could 
be made in the buying and selling of horses, 
and he traded all winter, buying in Muncie and 
selling in Fayette county, but when summer 
came he engaged in farming again. In i860 he 
bought eighty acres of land in Centre town- 
ship, Delaware county, paying $2,400 for it, 
and was able to pay down $1, 100, with notes 
for the balance, which long before they became 
due were fully paid. In 1864 he sold this land 
and then bought in Mount Pleasant township 
120 acres, upon which he lived until 1885, 
owning at that time 400 acres, and then he 
came to where he now resides. Here he bought 
160 acres and has made a pleasant home. In 
1 89 1 he sold 140 acres, the city of Muncie 
having so encroached upon him, and for this 
land he received $225 per acre. He has reserv- 
ed twenty acres around his home just outside 
the city, and he also owns 100 acres in Mount 
Pleasant township, which he has well improved. 

In 1870 Mr. Port began the buying and 
selling of stock very extensively, and has made 
it very profitable, managing his business with 
good judgment and unceasing care. He was 
married September 4, 1859, in Centre town- 
ship, to Miss Catherine Williams, a native of 

the township, born March i i, 1842, a daughter 
of William Y. and Sarah (Tomblison) Will- 
iams, who were natives of Ohio and early 
pioneers of Delaware county. Mr. and Mrs. 
Port had a family of seven children, as follows: 
Laura M., wife of Charles Koontz, a glass 
manufacturer of Muncie, who was deputy treas- 
urer for the term of eight years; Ellsworth, 
deceased; John W. . the secretary of the Port 
Glass works; Charles H. and two infants, de- 
ceased, and Maud, who resides at home. Politi- 
cally, Mr. Port is a believer in the principles of 
the democratic party, which he cordially sup- 
ports Mr. Port is one of the stockholders in 
the Port Glass works and is considered one of 
the strong financial men of Muncie. The 
father of Mrs. Port was born in 181 1, and now 
resides in Centre township. The mother of 
Mrs. Port died in this township in 1856, at 
about forty-one years of age. They had a 
family of nine children, as follows: John (de- 
ceased), Zadoc, Isaac, Catherine, Henry, Sarah 
Ann, William (deceased). Perry and Nathan. 
Mr. Williams is a republican and a member of 
the Protestant Methodist church. 

I t'^L and highly respected citizen of Centre 
J^^J township, a native of Monongalia 
county, Va. (now W. Va.), was born 
January 13, 181 5, and is a son of Nehemiah 
and Cassandra (Holland) Powers. Nehemiah 
Powers was a representative of an old pioneer 
family of (then) Virginia, and first saw the 
light of day in a fort which had been erected 
to protect the settlement from the incursions 
of the savages. By occupation he was a 
farmer, and he followed that useful calling all 
of his life. He moved to Indiana in 1823, 
settling in Wayne county, thence, five years 
later, moved to the county of Henry, where his 




death occurred in September, 1846. His wife, 
whom he married in his native state, was a 
daughter of Jacob and Mary (Gordon) Hol- 
land, natives of Pennsylvania and Virginia 
respectively. She became the mother of 
twelve children, six of whom are living at this 
time, viz: Brice P. ; Reason H. ; Maria, wife 
of John Williams, a retired farmer living in 
Muncie; James, a resident of Blackford coun- 
ty, Ind.,; Joshua H., of Oregon; and Mar\-, 
wife of Noah Branson, a farmer