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Henry County, Iowa, 


Full Page Portraits and Biographical Sketches of Prominent 
and Representative Citizens of the County, 



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( r(?-w^"^^^ greatest of English historians, Macauley, and one of the most brilliant writers 
I, y7 ^j ^^^ 1^^^^ century, has said : "The history of a country is best told in a record of the 
lives of its people." In conformity with this idea the Poutrait and Bio(;uai'hical 
Alisu.m of this county has been prepared. Instead of going to mustj' records, and 
taking therefrom dry statistical matter that can be appreciated by but few, our 
corps of writers have gone to the people, the men and women who have, by their 
enterju-ise and industry, brought the county to a rank second to none among those 
comprising this great and noble State, and from their lips have the story of their life 
struggles. No more interesting or instructive matter could be presented to an intelli- 
gent public. In this volume will be found a record of many whose lives are worthy the 
imitation of coming generations. It tells how some, commencing life in povertj% by 
industry and economy have accumulated wealth. It tells how others, with limited 
advantages for securing an education, have become learned men and women, with an 
influence extending throughout the length and breadth of the land. It tells of men who 
have risen from the lower wall<s of life to eminence as statesmen, and whose names have 
become famous. It tells of those in every walk in life who have striven to succeed, and 
records how that success has usually crowned their efforts. It tells also of many, very 
man}', who, not seeking the applause of the world, have pursued "the even tenor of their way," content 
to have it .said of them as Christ said of the woman performing a deed of mercy— "they have done what 
the}' could." It tells how that many in the pride and strength of young manhood left the i)low and the 
anvil, the lawyer's office and the counting-room, left every trade and profession, and at their country's 
call went forth valiantly "to do or die," and how through their efforts the Union was restored and peace 
once more reigned in the land. In the life of every man and of every woman is a lesson that should not 
be lost upon those who follow after. 

Coming generations will appreciate this volume and preserve it as a sacred treasure, from the fact 
that it contains so much that would never find its way into public records, and which would otherwise be 
inaccessible. Great care has been taken in the compilation of the work and every opportunity possible 
given to those represented to insure correctness in what has been written, and the publishers flatter them- 
.selves that they give to their readers a work with few errors of consequence. In addition to the biograph- 
ical sketches, portraits of a number of representative citizens are given. 

The faces of some, and biographical sketches of many, will be missed in this volume. For this the 
publishers are not to blame. Not having .x proper conce;)tio!i oi the work, some refused to give the 
information necessary to compile a sketch, others were indifferent. Occasionally some member of 
the family would oppose the enterprise, and on;scfcatl5it;of such opposition the support of the interested 
one would be withheld. In a few instances men cOuid'uev^t^iefonnd, though repeated calls were made 
at their residence or place of business. ' ^ /"I. .' .," '.•, ' 

In addition to the biographical matter, a condensed history of the county is given, together with 
sketches of its cities, villages and townsiiips. Our work is now ended. To those who so kindlj' assisted 
us in the work, we return our most sincere thanks. To onr patrons we present a work of which we are 
proud, and which we trust they will be proud to receive. 

Chicago, May, 1888. ACIME PUBLISHING CO. 














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PIRST presid£:nT. 





r7T.-.f'jja>., .,. 

HE Father of our Country was 

fe) born in Westmorland Co., Va., 

rife _ ' ' 

Feb. 2 2, 1732. His parents 
were Augustine and Mary 
(Ball) Washington. The family 
to which he belonged has not 
been satisfactorily traced in 
England. His great-grand- 
father, John Washington, em- 
igrated to Virginia about 1657, 
and became a prosperous 
planter. He had two sons, 
Lawrence and John. The 
former married Mildred Warner 
and had three children, John, 
Augustine and Mildred. Augus- 
tine, the father of George, first 
married Jane Butler, who bore 
him four children, two of whom, 
Lawrence and Augustine, reached 
maturity. Of si.x children by his 
second marriage, George was the 
eldest, the others being Betty, 
Samuel, John Augustine, Charles 
and Mildred. 
Augustine Washington, the father of George, died 
in 1743, leaving a large landed property. To his 
eldest son, Lawrence, he bequeathed an estate on 
the Patomac, afterwards known as Mount Vernon, 
and to George he left the parental residence. George 
received only such education as the neighborhood 
schools afforded, save for a short time after he left 
school, when he received private instruction in 
mathematics. His spellina was rather defective. 

Remarkable stories are told of his great physical 
strength and development at an early age. He was 
an acknowledged leader among his companions, and 
was early noted for that nobleness of character, fair- 
ness and veracity which characterized his whole life. 

When George was 14 years old he had a desire to go to 
sea, and a midshipman's warrant was secured for him, 
but through the opposition of his mother the idea was 
abandoned. Two years later he was appointed 
surveyor to the immense estate of Lord Fairfax. In 
this business he spent three years in a rough frontier 
life, gaining experience which afterwards proved very 
essential to him. In 175 i, though only 19 years of 
age, he was appointed adjutant with the rank of 
major in the Virginia militia, then being trained for 
active service against the French and Indians. Soon 
after this he sailed to the West Indies with his brother 
Lawrence, who went there to restore his health. They 
soon returned, and in the summer of 1752 Lawrence 
died, leaving a large fortune to an infant daughter 
who did not long survive him. On her demise the 
estate of Mount Vernon was given to George. 

Upon the arrival of Robert Dinwiddle, as Lieuten- 
ant-Governor of Virginia, in 1752, the militia was 
reorganized, and the province divided into four mili- 
tary districts, of which the northern was assigned to 
Washington as adjutant general. Shortly after this 
a very perilous mission was assigned him and ac- 
ce[)ted, which others had refused. This was to pro- 
ceed to the French post near Lake Erie in North- 
western Pennsylvania. The distance to be traversed 
was between 500 and 600 miles. Winter was at hand, 
and the journey was to be made without military 
escort, through a territory occupied by Indians. The 





trip was a perilous one, and several times he came near 
losing his life, yet he returned in safety and furnished 
a full and useful rei)ort of his expedition. A regiment 
of 300 men was raised in Virginia and put in com- 
mand of Col. Joshua Fry, and Major Washington was 
commissioned lieutenant-colonel. Active war was 
then begun against the French and Indians, in which 
Washington took a most important part. In the 
memorable event of July 9, 1755, known as Brad- 
dock's defeat, Washington was almost the only officer 
of distinction who escaped from the calamities of the 
day with life and honor. The other aids of Braddock 
\vere disabled early in the action, and Wasliington 
alone was left in that capacity on the field. In a letter 
to his brother he says : " I had four bullets through 
my coat, and two horses shot under me, yet I escaped 
unhurt, though death was levelin'; my companions 
on every side." An Indian sharpshooter said he was 
not born to be killed by a bullet, for he had taken 
direct aim at him seventeen times, and failed to hit 

After having been five years in the military service, 
and vainly sought promotion in the royal army, lie 
look advantage of the fall of Fort Duquesne and tlie 
expulsion of the French from the valley of tlie Ohio, 
CO resign his commission. Soon after he entered the 
Legislature, where, although not a leader, he look an 
active and imiKirtant part. January 17, 1759, he 
married Mrs. Martha (L)andridge) Custis, the wealthy 
widow of John Parke Custis. 

When the British Parliament had closed the port 
if Boston, the cry went up througliout the provinces 
that "The cause of Boston is the cause of us all." 
It was then, at the suggestion of Virginia, that a Con- 
gress of all the colonies was called to meet at Pliila- 
del[)hia,Sept. 5, 1774, to secure tjieir common liberties, 
peacealily if possilile. To this Congress Col. Wash- 
ington was sent as a delegate. On May 10, 1775, the 
Congress re-assembled, when the hostile intentions of 
England were plainly apparent. The battles of Con- 
<:ord and Lexington had been fought. Among the 
first acts of this Congress was the election of a coin- 
mander-in-chief of tlie colonial forces. Tliis high and 
res]xinsible office was conferred upon Washington, 
who was still a member of the Congress. He accepted 
it on June 19, but upon the express condition that he 
receive no salary. He would keep an exact account 
of exjienses and expect Congress to pay them and 
notliing more. It is not the object of this sketch to 
trace the military acts of Washington, to whom the 
fortunes and liberties of the people of tiiis country 
were so long confided. The war was conducted by 
him under every possible disadvantage, and wliilehis 
forces often met with reverses, yet he overcame ever)- 
obstacle, and after seven years of heroic devotion 
and matchless skill he gained liberty for the greatest 
nation of earth. On Dec. 23, 17S3, Washington, in 
a parting address of surpassing beauty, resigned his 

commission as commander-in-chief of the army to 
to the Continental Congress sitting at Annapolis. He 
retired iniiiiedialely to Mount Vernon and resumed 
his occupation as a farmer and planter, shunning all 
connection with public lite. 

In February, 1 7 89, Washington was unanimously 
elected President. In his presidential career he was 
subject to the peculiar trials incidental to a new 
government ; trials from lack of confidence on the pan 
of other governments; trials from want of harmony 
between the different sections of our own country ; 
trials from the impoverislied condition of the country, 
owing to the war and want of credit; trials from tlie 
beginnings of party strife. He was no partisan. His 
clear judgment could discern the golden mean; and 
while perhaps this alone kept our government from 
sinking at the veiy outset, it left him ex| osed to 
attacks from bot-h sides, which were often bitter and 
very annoying. 

At the expiration of his first term he was unani- 
mously re-elected. At the end of this term many 
were anxious that he be re-elected, but he absolutely 
refused a third nomination. On the fourth of Marih, 
1797, at the ex|)iiaton of his second term as Presi- 
dent, he returned to his home, hoping to pass there 
his few remaining yeais free from the annoyances of 
public life. Later in the year, however, his reixDse 
seemed likely to be interrupted by war with France. 
.\t the prospect of such a war he was again urged to 
take command of the armies. He chose his sub- 
ordinate officers and left to them the charge of mat- 
ters in the field, which he superinter.ded from his 
home. In accepting the command he made the 
reservation that he was not to be in the field until 
it was necessary. In the midst of these preparations 
his life was suddenly cut off. December 12, he took 
a sevce cold from a ride in the rain, which, settling 
in li s throat, i)roduced inflammation, and terminaied 
fatally on the night of the fourteenth. On the eigh- 
teenth his body was liorne wih military honors to its 
final resting place, and interred in the family vault at 
Mount Vernon. 

Of the character of Washington it is impossible to 
speak but in terms of the highest respect and ad- 
miration. The more we see of the operations of 
our government, and the more deeply we feel the 
difficulty of uniting all opinions in a common interest, 
the more highly we must estimate the force cf his tal- 
ent and character, which have been able to < hallenge 
the reverence of all parties, and principles, and na- 
tions, and to win a fame as extended as the limits 
of the globe, and which we cannot but believe will 
be as lasting as the existence of man. 

The person of Washington was unusally tan, erect 
and well jiroixirtioned. His muscular strength was 
great. His features were of a beautiful symmetn,'. 
He commanded respect without any appearance of 
haughtiness, and ever serious without being dull. 







-4--p-V-'^'- J©IIK ADAMS, '^Kw-pfo^ 


OHM ADAMS, the second 
s President and the first Vice- 
@ President of the United States, 
was born in Braintree ( now 
'-h^ Quincy),Mass., and about ten 
^*^ miles from Boston, Oct. ig, 
1735. His great-grandfather, Henry 
Adams, emigrated from England 
about 1 640, with a family of eight 
sons, and settled at Braintree. The 
parents of John were John and 
Susannah (Boylston) Adams. His 
father was a farmer of limited 
means, to which he added the bus- 
iness of shoemaking. He gave his 
eldest son, John, a classical educa- 
tion at Harvard College. John 
graduated in 1755, and at once took charge of the 
school in Worcester, Mass. This he found but a 
"school of affliction," from which he endeavored to 
gain relief by devoting himself, in addition, to the 
study of law. For this purpose he placed himself 
under the tuition of the only lawyer in the town. He 
had thought seriously of the clerical profession 
but seems to have been turned from this by what he 
termed " the frightful engines of ecclesiastical coun- 
cils, of diabolical malice, and Calvanistic good nature,'' 
of the operations of which he had been a witness in 
his native town. He was well fitted for the legal 
profession, possessing a clear, sonorous voice, being 
ready and fluent of speech, and having quick percep- 
tive jx)wers. He gradually gained practice, and in 
1764 married .Abigail Smith, a daughter of a minister, 
and a lady of superior intelligence. Shortly after his 
marriage, (1765), the attempt of Parliamentary taxa- 
tion turned him from law to politics. He took initial 
steps toward holding a town meeting, and the resolu- 

tions he offered on the subject became very jxipulai 
throughout tlie Province, and were adopted word for 
word by over forty different towns. He moved to Bos- 
ton in 1768, and became one of the most courageous 
and prominent advocatesof the jxjpular cause, and 
was chosen a member of the General Court (the Leg- 
lislature) in 1770. 

Mr. Adams was chosen one of the first delegates 
from Massachusetts to the first Continental Congress, 
which met in 1774. Here he distinguished himself 
by his capacity for business and for debate, and ad- 
vocated the movement for independence against the 
majority of the members. In May, 1776, he moved 
and carried a resolution in Congress tliat the Colonies 
should assume the duties of self-government. He 
was a prominent member of the committee of five 
appointed June 11, to prepare a declaration of inde- 
pendence. This article was drawn by Jefferson, but 
on Adams devolved the task of battling it through 
Congress in a three days debate. 

On the day after the Declaration of Independence 
was passed, while his soul was yet warm with the 
glow of excited feeling, he wrote a letter to his wife, 
which, as we read it now, seems to have been dictated 
by the spirit of projihecy. "Yesterday," he says, "the 
greatest question was decided tliat ever was debated 
in .America; and greater, perhaps, never was or will 
be decided among men. A resolution was passed 
without one dissenting colony, ' that these United 
States are, and of right ought to be, free and inde- 
pendent states.' The day is passed. The fourth of 
July, 1776, will be a memorable eiioch in the history 
of America. I am apt to believe it will be celebrated 
by succeeding generations, as the great anniversary 
festival. It ought to be commemorated as the day of 
deliverance by solemn acts of devotion to Almighty 
God. It ought to be solemnized with pomp, shows. 


a 21 


games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires, and illuminations 
from one end of the continent to the other, from this 
time forward for ever. You will think me transjxjrted 
with enthusiasm, but I am not. I am well aware of 
the toil, and blood and treasure, that it will cost to 
maintain this declaration, and su[)port and defend 
these States; yet, tluough all the gloom, I can see the 
rays of light and glory. I can see that the end is 
worth more than all the means; and that posterity 
will triumph, although you and I may rue, which I 
hope we shall not." 

In Noveml)er, 1777, Mr. Adams was appointed a 
delegate to France and lo co-oi)erate with Benijamin 
Franklin and Arthur Lee, who were then in Paris, in 
the endeavor to obtain assistance in arms and money 
from tlie French Government. This was a severe trial 
to his patriotism, as it separated him from his home, 
compelled him to cross the ocean in winter, and ex- 
posed him to great peril of capture by the British cruis- 
ers, who were seeking him. He left France June 17, 
1779. In Septeml)er of the same year he was again 
cliosen to go to Paris, and there hold himself in readi- 
ness to negotiate a treaty of peace and of commerce 
with Great Britian, as soon as the British Cabinet 
might be found willing to listen to such proposels. He 
sailed for France in November, from there he went to 
Holland, where he negotiated important loans and 
formed important commercial treaties 

Finally a treaty of i>eace with England was signed 
Jan. 21, 1783. The re-action from the excitement, 
toil and anxiety througii which Mr. Adams iiad passed 
threw liim into a fevei. After suffering from a con- 
tinued fever and becoming feeble and emaciated he 
was advised to goto England to drink the waters of 
IJath. While in England, still droo|)inganddes|)ond- 
ing, he received dispatches from his own government 
urging the necessity of his going to .\msterdam to 
negotiate another loan. It was vifinter, his health was 
delicate, yet he innnediately set out, and through 
storm, on sea, on horseback and foot,he made the trip. 

Feliruary 24, 1785. Congress appointed Mr. Adams 
envoy lo the ("ourt of St. James. Here he met face 
to face the King of England, who had so long re- 
garded him as a traitor. .'\s England did not 
condescend to appoint a minister to the United 
States, and .ts Mr. .\ilams felt that he was acconi- 
|)lishing but little, he sought ]>ermission to return to 
his own country, where he arrived in June, 1788. 

When Washington was first chosen President, John 
A<lams, rendered ilhistiious by his signal services at 
home and abroad, was chosen Vice President. .Again 
at the second election of Washington as President, 
.'\(lams was chosim Vice President. In 1796, Wash- 
ington retired from public life, and Mr. Adams was 
elected President, tliough not wilhotit much opposition. 
Serving in this office four years, he was succeeded by 
Mr. Jefferson, his opponent in politics. 

While Mr. .\dams was Vice President the great 

French Revolution shook the continent of Europe, 
and it was upon this point which he was atissuewith 
the majority of his countr\'men led by Mr. Jefferson. 
Mr. Adams felt no sympathy with the French people 
in their struggle, for he had no confidence in their 
power of self-government, and he uttedy abhored the 
classof atheist pliilosophers who he claimed caused it. 
On the other hand Jefferson's sympathies were strongly 
enlisted in behalf of the French iJeople. Hence or- 
iginated the alienation between tiiese distinguished 
men, and two powerful parties were thus soon org^ii.- 
ized, Adams at the head of the one whose sympathies 
were with England and Jefferson led the other in 
sympathy with France. 

The world has seldom seen a spectacle of more 
moral beauty and grandeur, than was presented by the 
old age of Mr. Adams. The violence of paity feeling 
had died away, and he had begun to receive that just 
appreciation which, to most men, is not accorded till 
after death. No one could look ujion his venerable 
form, and think of what he had done and suffered, 
and how he had given up all the prime and strength 
of his life to the puiilic good, without the deepest 
emotion of gratitude and respect. It was his peculiar 
good fortune to witness the complete success of the 
institution which he had been so active in creating and 
supporting. In 1824, his cup of hai)piness was filled 
to the brim, by seeing his son elevated to the highest 
station in the gift of the people 

The fourth of July, 1826, which completed the half 
century since the signing of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, arrived, and there were but three of the 
signers of that immortal instrument left upon the 
earth to hail its morning light. And, as it is 
well known, on that day two of these finished their 
earthly, a coincidence so remarkable as 
to seem miraculous. For a few days before Mr. 
Adams had been rapidly failing, and on the morning 
of the fourth he found himself too weak to rise from 
his lied. On being reipiested to name a toast for the 
customary celebration of the day, ho exclaimed " In- 
DF.PENDENCK FORKVF.R." When the day was ushered 
in, by the ringing of bells and the firing of cannons, 
he was asked by one of his ;:tteiulants if he knew 
what day it was? He replied, "O yes; it is the glor- 
ious fouriii of July — God bless it — God bless you all." 
In the course of the day he said, "It is a great and 
glorious day." The last words he uttered were, 
"Jeffer.son survives." But he had, nt one o'clock, re- 
signed his spiiit into the hands of his God. 

Tlie ])ersonal appearance and manners of Mr. 
Adams were not iiarticulail\- iirejxisses-^int-. His face, 
as his portrait manifests.wns intellectual ard expres- 
sive, but his figure was low and luigraceful, and his 
manners were frequently abrupt and uncourteous. 
He had neither the lofty dignity of Washington, nor 
the engaging elegance and gracefulness which marked 
tlie manners and address of Jefferson. 

1 ' 





I -^ -m^m<- 










born April 2, 1743, at Shad- 
^i^well, Albermarle county, Va. 
His parents were Peter and 
Jane ( Randolph) Jefferson, 
the former a native of Wales, 
and the latter born in Lon- 
don. To them were born six 
daughters and two sons, of 
whom Thomas was the elder. 
When 14 years of age his 
father died. He received a 
most liberal education, hav- 
ng been kept diligently at school 
from the time he was five years of 
age. In 1760 he entered William 
and Mary College. Williamsburg was then the seat 
of the Colonial Court, and it was the obode of fashion 
and splendor. Young Jefferson, who was then 17 
years old, lived somewhat expensively, keeping fine 
horses, and much caressed by gay society, yet he 
was earnestly devoted to his studies, and irreproacha- 
able in his morals. It is strange, however, under 
such influences,that he was not ruined. In the sec- 
ond year of his college course, moved by some un- 
explained inward impulse, he discarded his horses, 
society, and even his favorite violin, to which he had 
previously given mucli time. He often devoted fifteen 
hours a day to hard study, allowing himself for ex- 
ercise only a run in the evening twilight of a mile out 
of the city and back again. He thus attained very 
high intellectual culture, alike excellence in philoso- 
phy and the languages. The most difficult Latin and 
Greek authors he read with facility. A more finished 
scholar l)as seldom gone forth from college halls; and 

.^ — _ ;: 

there was not to be found, perhaps, in all Virginia, a 
more pureminded, upright, gentlemanly young man. 

Immediately uixin leaving college he began the 
study of law. For the short time he continued in the 
practice of his profession he rose rapidly and distin- 
guished himself by his energy and accuteness as a 
lawyer. But the times called for greater action. 
The policy of England had awakened tiie spirit of 
resistance of the American Colonies, and the enlarged 
views which Jefferson had ever entertained, soon led 
him into active political life. In 1769 he was chosen 
a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses. In 
1772 he married Mrs. Martha Skelton, a very beauti- 
ful, wealthy and highly accomplished young widow. 

Upon Mr. Jefferson's large estate at Shadwell, there 
was a majestic swell of land, called Monticello, which 
commanded a prospect of wonderful extent and 
beauty. This spot Mr. Jefferson selected for his new 
home; and here he reared a mansion of modest yet 
elegant architecture, which, next to Mount Vernon, 
became the most distinguished resort in our land. 

In 177s he was sent to the Colonial Congress, 
where, though a silent member, his abilities as a 
writer and a reasoner soon become known, and he 
was placed uixjn a number of important committees, 
and was chairman of the one appointed for the draw- 
ing up of a declaration of independence. This com- 
mittee consisted of Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, 
Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman and Robert R. 
Livingston. Jefferson, as chairman, was appointed 
to draw up the paper. Franklin and Adams suggested 
a few verbal changes before it was submitted to Con- 
gress. On June 28, a few slight changes were made 
in it by Congress, and it was passed and signed July 
4, 1776. What must have been the feeUngs of that 




, , lasl 

man — what the emotions that swelled his breast — 
who was cliarged with the preparation of that Dec- 
laration, wliich, while it made known the wrongs of 
America, was also to publish her to the world, free, 
boverign and independent. It is one of the most re- 
markable papers ever written ; and did no other effort 
\jf the mind of its author exist, that alone would be 
sufficient to stamp his name with immortality. 

In 1779 Mr. Jefferson was elected successor to 
Patrick Henry, ;.s Governor of Virginia. At one time 
the British officer, Tadeton, sent a secret expedition to 
Moniicello, to capture the Governor. Scarcely five 
minutes claiised after tlie hurried escape of Mr. Jef- 
ferson and his family, ere his mansion was in posses- 
sion of the British troops. His wife's health, never 
very good, was much injured by this excitement, and 
in the summer of 1782 slie died. 

Mr. Jefferson was elected to Congress in 1783. 
Two ye-rrs later he was appointed Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to France. Returning to the United States 
in September, 1789, he became Secretary of State 
in Washington's cabinet. This position he resigned 
Jan. I, 1794- 111 '797) he was chosen Vice Presi- 
dent, and four years later was elected President over 
Mr. Adams, with Aaron Burr as Vice President. In 
1804 he was re-elected with wonderful unanimity, 
and George Clinton, Vice President. 

The eariy part of Mr. Jefferson's second adminstra- 
tion was disturbed by an event which threatened the 
tranquility and peace of the Union; this was the con- 
spiracy of Aaron Burr. Defeated in the late election 
to the Vice Presidency, and led on by an unprincipled 
ambition, this extraordinary man formed tlie plan of a 
military expedition into the Spanish territories on our 
southwestern frontier, for the purpose of forming there 
a new republic. This has been generally supposed 
was a mere pretext ; and although it has not been 
generally known what his real plans were, there is no 
doubt that they were of a far more dangerous 

In 1809, at the expiration of the second term for 
which Mr. Jefferson had been elected, he determined 
to retire from political life. For a period of nearly 
forty years, he had been conUnually before the pub- 
lic, and all tliattime had been employed in offices of 
the greatest trust and responsibility. Having thus de- 
voted the best part of his life to the service of his 
country, he now felt desirous of that rest which his 
declining years required, and uiwn the organization of 
the new administration, in March, 1^09, he bid fare- 
well forever to public life, and retired to Monticello. 

Mr. Jefferson was profuse in his hosi)it:ility. \Vhole 
families came in their coaches with their horses, — 
fathers and mothers, boys and girls, babies and 
nurses, — and remained three and even six months. 
Life at Monticello, for years, resembled that at a 
fashionable watering-place. 

The fourth of July, 1826, being the fiftieth anniver- 

sary of the Declaration of American Independence, 
great preparations were made in every part of the 
Union for its celebration, as the nation's jubilee, and 
the citizens of Washington, to add to the solemnity 
of the occasion, invited Mr. Jefferson, as the framer. 
and one of the few surviving signers of the Declara- 
tion, to participate in their festivities. But an ill- 
ness, which had been of several weeks duration, and 
had been continually increasing, compelled him to 
decline the invitation. 

On the second of July, the disease under which 
he was laboring left him, but in such a reduced 
state that his medical attendants, entertained no 
hope of his recovery. From this time he was jjerfectly 
sensible that his last hour was at hand. On the next 
day, which was Monday, he asked of those around 
iiim, the day of the month, and on being told it was 
the third of July, he expressed the earnest wish that 
he might be permitted to breathe the airof the fiftieth 
anniversary. His prayer was heard — that day, whose 
dawn was hailed with such rapture through our land, 
burst upon his eyes, and then they were closed for- 
ever. And what a noble consummation of a noble 
life! To die on that day, — the birthday of a nation,- - 
the day which his own name and his own act had 
rendered glorious; to die amidst the rejoicings and 
festivities of a whole nation, who looked up to him, 
as the author, under God, of their greatest blessings, 
was all that was wanting to fill ui) the record his life. 

Almost at the same hour of his death, tiie kin- 
dred spirit of the venerable Adams, as if to bear 
him company, left the scene of his earthly honors. 
Hand in hand they had stood forth, the champions of 
freedom ; hand in hand, during the dark and desper- 
ate struggle of the Revolution, they had cheered and 
animated their desponding countrymen; for half a 
century they had labored togetlier for tlie good of 
the country; and now hand in hand they depart. 
In their lives they had been united in the same great 
cause of liberty, and in their deaths they were not 

In person Mr. Jefferson was tall and thin, rather 
above six feet in height, but well formed; his eyes 
were light, his hair originally red, in after life became 
white and silvery; his complexion was fair, his fore- 
head broad, and his whole countenance intelligent and 
thoughtful. He jiossessed great fortitude of mind as 
well as personal courage; and his command of tem- 
per was such that his oldest and most intimate frieiids 
never recollected to have seen him in a passion. 
His manners, though dignified, were simple and un- 
affected, and his hospitality was so unbounded that 
all found at his house a ready welcome. In conver- 
sation he was fluent, eloquent and enthusiastic ; and 
his language was remarkably pure and concct. He 
was a finished classical scholar, and in his writings is 
discernable the care with which he formed his style 
upon the best models of antiquity. 



^a.yu.^^ ^C( eo'<^Cc^ <rs„ 





PHQES npDisoi]. 



' 'K 

of the Constitution," and fourth 
President of the United States, 
was born March 16, 1757, and 
died at his home in Virginia, 
/*£ yune 28, 1836. The name of 
Tames Madison is inseparably con- 
nected with most of the important 
events in that heroic period of our 
, country during which the founda- 
tions of this great repubUc were 
laid. He was the last of the founders 
of the Constitution of the United 
States to be called to his eternal 

The Madison family were among 
the early emigrants to the New World, 
landing upon the shores of the Chesa- 
peake but 15 years after the settle- 
ment of Jamestown. The father of 
James Madison was an opulent 
planter, residing npon a very fine es- 
tate called " Mbntpelier," Orange Co., 
Va. The mansion was situated in 
the midst of scenery highly pictur- 
esque and romantic, on the west side 
of South-west Mountain, at the foot of 
Blue Ridge. It was but 25 miles from the home of 
Jefferson at Monticello. The closest [personal and 
political attacimient existed between these illustrious 
men, from their early youth until death. 

The early education of Mr. Madison was conducted 
mostly at home under a private tutor. At the age of 
18 he was sent to Princeton College, in New Jersey. 
Here he applied himself to study with the most im- 

prudent zeal; allowing himself, for months, but three 
hours' sleep outof tlie 24. His health thus Ijecame so 
seriously impaired that he never recovered any vigor 
of constitution. He graduated in 177 i, with a feeble 
body, with a character of utmost purity, and with a 
mind highly disciplined and richly stored with learning 
which embellished and gave proficiency to his subsf " 
quent career. 

Returning to Virginia, he commenced the study of 
law and a course of extensive and systematic reading. 
This educational course, the spirit of the times in 
which he lived, and the society with which he asso- 
ciated, all combined to inspire him with a strong 
love of liberty, and to train him for his life-work of 
a statesman. Being naturally of a religious turn of 
mind, and his frail health leading him to think that 
his life was not to be long, he diiected especial atten- 
tion to theological studies. Endowed with a mind 
singularly free from passion and prejudice, and with 
almoKt unequalled powers of reasoning, he weighed 
all the arguments for and against revealed religion, 
until his faith became so established as never to 
be shaken. 

In the spring of 1776, when 26 years of age, he 
was elected a member of the Virginia Convention, to 
frame the constitution of the State. The next year 
(1777), he was a candidate for the General Assembly. 
He refused to treat the whisky-lovir.g voters, and 
consequently lust his election ; but those who had 
witnessed the talent, energy and public spirit of the 
modest young man, enlisted themselves in his belialf, 
and he was appointed to tlie Executive Council. 

Both Patrick Henry and Tlionias Jefferson were 
Governors of Virginia while Mr. Madison remained 
member of the Council ; and their appreciation of hi? 





intellectual, social and moral worth, contributed not 
a little to his subsequent eminence. In the year 
1780, he was elected a member of the Continental 
Congress. Here he met the most illustrious men in 
our land, and he was immediately assigned to one of 
the most conspicuous positions among them. 

For three years Mr. Madison continued in Con- 
gress, one of its most active and influential members. 
In the year 1784, his term having expired, he was 
elected a member of the Virginia Legislature. 

No man felt more deeply than Mr. Madison the 
utter inefficiency of the old confederacy, with no na- 
tional government, with no power to form treaties 
which would be binding, or to enforce law. There 
was not any State more prominent than Virginia in 
the declaration, that an efficient national government 
must be formed. In January, 1786, Mr. Madison 
carried a resolution through the General Assembly of 
Virginia, inviting the other States to appoint commis- 
sioners to meet in convention at Annapolis to discuss 
this subject. Five States only were represented. The 
convention, however, issued another call, drawn up 
by Mr. Madison, urging all the States to send their 
delegates to Philadeli)hia, in May, 1787, to draft 
a Constitution for the United States, to take the place 
of that Confederate League. The delegates met at 
the time appointed. Every State but Rhode Island 
was represented. George Washington was chosen 
president of the convention; and tlie present Consti- 
tution of the United States was then and there formed. 
There was, perhaps, no mind and no pen more ac- 
tive in framing this immortal document than the mind 
and the pen of James Madison. 

The Constitution, adopted by a vote 81 to 79, was 
to be presented to the several States for acceptance. 
But grave solicitude was felt. Should it be rejected 
we should be left but a conglomeration of independent 
States, with but little (wwer at home and little respect 
abroad. Mr. Madison was selected by the conven- 
tion to draw up an address to the people of the United 
States, expounding the princiijles of the Constitution, 
and urging its adoption. There was great opposition 
to it at first, but it at length triumphed over all, and 
went into effect in 1789. 

Mr. Madison was elected to the House of Repre- 
sentatives in the first Congress, and soon became the 
avowed leader of the Republican party. While in 
New York attending Congress, he met Mrs Todd, a 
young widow of remarkable [xjwer of fascination, 
whom he married. She was in person and character 
queenly, and probably no lady has thus far occuj^ed 
so prominent a [)osition in the very peculiar society 
which has constituted our republican court as Mrs. 

Mr. Madison served as Secretary of State under 
Jefferson, and at the close of his administration 
was chosen President. At this time the encroach- 
ments of England had brought us to the verge of war. 

British orders in council destioyed our commerce, and 
our Hag was exposed to constant insult. Mr. Madison 
was a man of peace. Scholarly in his taste, retiring 
in his disposition, war had no charms for liim. But the 
meekest spirit can be roused. It makes one's blood 
boil, even now, to think of an American sliip brought 
to, upon the ocean, by the guns of an English cruiser. 
A young lieutenant steps on board and orders the 
crew to be paraded before him. With great nonchal- 
ance he selects any number whom he may please to 
designate as British subjects; orders them down the 
ship's side into his boat; and places them on the gun- 
deck of his man-of-war, to fight, by comiHilsion, the 
battles of England. This right of search and im- 
pressment, no efforts of our Government could induce 
the British cabinet to relinquish. 

On the 1 8th of June, 181 2, President Madison gave 
his approval to an act of Congress declaring war 
against Great Britain. Notwithstanding the bitter 
hostility of the Federal party to the war, the country 
in general approved; and Mr. Madison, on the 4th 
of March, 1813, was re-elected by a large majority, 
and entered upon his second term of ofifi:e. This is 
not the place to describe the various adventures of 
this war on the land and on the water. C)ur infant 
navy then laid the foundations of its rejiown in grap- 
pling with the most formidable [wwer which ever 
swept the seas. The contest commenced in earnest 
by the appearance of a British flett, early in February, 
1813, in Chesapeake Bay, declaring nearly the whole 
coast of the L^nited States under blockade. 

The Emperor of Russia offered his services as me 
dilator. America accepted ; England refused. A Brit- 
ish force of five thousand men landed on the banks 
of the Patuxet River, near its entrance into Chesa- 
peake Bay, and marched rapidly, by way of Bladens- 
burg, upon Washington. 

The straggling little city of Washington was thrown 
into consternation. The cannon of the brief conflict 
at Bladensburg echoed through the streets of the 
metropolis. The whole population fled from the city. 
The President, leaving Mrs. Madison in the White 
House, with her carriage drawn up at the door to 
await his speedy return, hurried to meet the officers 
in a council of war He met our troops utterly routed, 
and he could not go back without danger of being 
captured. Rut few hours elapsed ere ihe PrLsidential 
Mansion, the Capitol, and all the public- buildings in 
Washington were in flames. 

The war closed after two years of fighting, and on 
Feb. 13, i8i5,the treaty of peace was signed at Ghent. 

On the 4th of March, 1817, his second term of 
office expired, and he resigned the Presidential chair 
to his friend, James Monroe. He retired to his beau- 
tiful home at Montpelier, and there passed the re- 
mainder of his days. On June 28, 1836, then at the 
age of 85 years, he fell asleep in death. Mrs. Madi- 
son died July 12, 1849. 

#>^ \ 




35 i 

AMES MONROE, the fifth 
'rcsidtntof The United States, 
was l)oru in Westmoreland Co., 
Va., April 28, 1758. His early 
life was passed at the place of 
nativity. His ancestors had for 
many years resided in the prov- 
ince in which he was born. When, 
at 17 years of age, in the process 
of completing his education at 
William and Mary College, the Co- 
lonial Congress assembled at Phila- 
delphia to deliberate upon the un- 
just and manifold oppressions of 
Great Britian, declared the separa- 
tion of the Colonies, and promul- 
gated the Declaration of Indepen- 
dence. Had he been born ten years before it is highly 
probable that he would have been one of the signers 
of that celebrated instrument. At this time he left 
school and enlisted among tlie patriots. 

He joined the army when everything looked hope- 
less and gloomy. The number of deserters increased 
from day to day. Tlie invading armies came [wuring 
in ; and the tories not only favored the cause of the 
mother country, but disheartened the new recruits, 
who were sufficiently terrified at the prospect of con- 
tending witli an enemy whom they had been tauglit 
to deem invincible. To such brave spirits as James 
Monroe, who went right onward, undismayed through 
difficulty and danger, the United States owe their 
political emancipation. The young cadet joined the 
ranks, and espoused the cause of his injured country, 
with a firm determination to live or die with her strife 

for liberty. Firmly yet sadly he shared in the mel- 
ancholy retreat from Harleam Heights and White 
Plains, and accompanied the dispirited army as it fled 
before its foes through New Jersey. In four muntlis 
after the Declaration of Independence, tlie patriots 
had been beaten in seven battles. At the battle of 
Trenton he led the vanguard, and, in the act of charg- 
ing upon the enemy he received a wound in the left 

As a reward for his bravery, Mr. Monroe was pro- 
moted a captain of infantry ; and, having recovered 
from his wound, he rejoined the army. He, however, 
receded from the line of promotion, by becoming an 
officer in the staff of Lord Sterling. During the cam- 
paigns of 1777 and 1778, in the actions of Brandy 
wine, Germantown and Monmouth, he continued 
aid-de-camp; but becoming desirous to regain his 
position in the army, he exerted himself to collect a 
regiment for the Virginia line. This scheme failed 
owing to the exhausted condition of the State. Upon 
this failure he entered the office of Mr. Jefferson, at 
that period Governor, and pursued, with considerable 
ardor, the study of common law. He did not, however, 
entirely lay aside the knapsack for the green bag; 
but on the invasions of the enemy, served as a volun- 
teer, during the two years of his legal pursuits. 

In 17S2, he was elected from King George county, 
a member of the Leglislature of Virginia, and by that 
body he was elevated to a seat in the Executive 
Council. He was thus honored with the confidence 
of his fellow citizens at 23 years of age ; and having 
at this early period displayed some of that ability 
and aptitude for legislation, which were afterwards 
employed with unremittirgenergy for the public good, 






he was in the succeeding year chosen a member of 
ihe Congress of the United States. 

Deeply as Mr. Monroe felt the imperfections of the old 
Confederacy, he was opposed to the new Constitution, 
ihinkiiig, with many others of the Republican party, 
that it gave too much power to the Central Government, 
and not enough to the individual States. Still he re- 
tained the esteem of his friends who were its warm 
supporters, and who, notwithstanding his opposition 
secured its adoption. In 17S9, he became a member 
of the United States Senate; which office he held for 
four years. Every month the line of distinction be- 
tween the two great parties which divided the nation, 
the P'ederal and the Re|)ablican, was growing more 
distinct. The two prominent ideas which now sep- 
arated them were, that the Republican party was in 
sympathy with France, and also in favor of such a 
stiict construction of tiie Constitution as to give the 
Central Government as little ix)wer, and the State 
(rovernments as much 1 lower, as the Constitution would 
warrant. The Federalists sym|)athized with England, 
and were in favor of a liberal construction of the Con- 
stitution, which would give as much ]X)wer to the 
Central Government as that document could possibly 

The leading Federalists and Republicans were 
alike noble men, consecrating all their energies to the 
good of the nation. Two more honest men or more 
]Hire patriots than John Adams the Federalist, and 
James Monroe the Republican, never breathed. In 
building up this majestic nation, which is destined 
to ecli|>se all Grecian and Assyrian greatness, the com- 
iiination of their antagonism was needed to create the 
light ei)uilil)rium. And yet each in his day was de- 
nounced as almost a demon. 

Washington was then President. England had es- 
poused the cause of the Bourbons against the princi- 
ples (if the French Revolution. All Europe was drawn 
into the conflict. We were feeble and far away. 
Washington issued a proclamation of neutrality be- 
tween these contending powers. France had helped 
us in the struggle for our liberties. All the despotisms 
of Europe were now comliined to prevent the Frencii 
from escaping from a tyranny a thousand-fold worse 
than that which we had endured Col. Monroe, more 
magnanimous than prudent, was anxious that, at 
whatever hazard, we should help our old allies in 
their extremity. It was the impulse of a generous 
and noble nature. He violently opposed the Pres- 
ident's proclamation as ungrateful and wanting in 

Washington, who could apnrcciate such a character, 
developed his calm, serene, almost divine greatness, 
by appointing that very James Monroe, who was de- 
nouncing the policy of the Government, as the minister 
of that Government to the Republic of France. Mr. 
Monroe was welcomed by the National Convention 
in France witn the most entiuisiastic demonstrations. 

Shortly after his return to this country, Mr. Mon- 
roe was elected Governor of Virginia, and held the 
office for three yeais. He was again sent to France to 
co-operate with Chancellor Livingston in obtaining 
the vast territory then known as the Province of 
Louisiana, which France had but shortly before ob- 
tained from Spain. Their united efforts were suc- 
cessful. For the comparatively small sum of fifteen 
millions of dollars, the entire territory of Orleans and 
district of Louisiana were added to the United States. 
Tins was probably the largest transfer of real estate 
whicii was ever made in all the historj- of the world. 

From France Mr. Monroe went to England to ob- 
tain from that country some recognition of our 
rights as neutrals, and to remonstrate against those 
odious impressments of our seamen. but Eng- 
land was unrelenting. He again returned to Eng- 
land on the same mission, but could receive no 
redress. He returned to his home and was again 
chosen Governor of Virginia. This he soon resigned 
to accept the position of Secretary of State under 
Madison. Wiiile in this office war with England was 
declared, the Secretary of War resigned, and during 
these trj'ing times, the duties of the \\'ar i)e[)artment 
were also put upon liim. He was truly the armor- 
bearer of President Madison, and the most efficient 
business man in his cabinet. Ujxjn the return of 
peace he resigned the Department of War, but con- 
tinued in the office of Secretary of Stale until the ex- 
piration of Mr. Madison's adminstration. At the elec- 
tion held the previous autumn Mr. Monroe himself had 
been chosen President with but little opposition, and 
upon March 4, 1817, was inaugurated. Four years 
later he was elected for a second term. 

Among the important measures of his Presidency 
were the cession of Florida to the United Stales; the 
Missouri Compromise, and the " Monroe doctrine.'' 

This famous doctrine, since known as the "Monroe 
doctrine," was enunciated by him in 1823. .\\. that 
time the United States had recognized the independ- 
ence of the South American states, and did not wish 
to have European [Xjwers longer attempting to sub- 
due portions of the American Continent. The doctrine 
is as follows: "That we should consider any attempt 
on the part of European powers to extend their sys- 
tem to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous 
to our peace and safety," and "that we could not 
view any interposition Un the pur|)Ose of o|)|)ressing 
or controlling American governments or provinces in 
any other light than as a manifestation by European 
liowers of an unfriendly disposition toward the United 
States." This doctrine immediately affected the course 
of foreign governments, and has become the apjirovcd 
sentiment of the United States. 

At the end of his fecond term Mr Monroe retired 
to his honie in Virginia, where he lived imtil 1830, 
when he went to New Vork to live with his son-in- 
law. In that city he died, on the 4th of July, 1831. 



, ^ , ijrsl 





^'7Mr:/^>^ rM^ 

I 30I}1] QUI1]6Y ^D^IIQS. I"' 

sixth President of the United 
'States, was born in the rural 
home of his honored fatiier, 
John Adams, in Quincy, Mass., 
on the I ith cf July, 1767. His 
mother, a woman of exalted 
vorth, watched over his childhood 
iuring the almost constant ab- 
sence of his father. When but 
eight years of age, he stood with 
' his mother on an eminence, listen- 
ing to the booming of the great bat- 
tle on Banker's Hill, and gazing on 
upon the smoke and flames billow- 
ing up from the conflagration of 

When but eleven years old he 
took a tearful adieu of his mother, 
to sail with his fattier for Europe, 
through a fleet of hostile British cruisers. The bright, 
animated boy spent a year and a half in Paris, where 
his father was associated with Franklin and Lee as 
minister plenipotentiary. His intelligence attracted 
the notice of these distinguished men, and he received 
from them flattering marks of attention. 

Mr. John Adams had scarcely returned to this 
country, iu 1779, ere he was again sent abroad. Again 
John Quincy accompanied his father. At Paris he 
applied himself with great diligence, for six months, 
to study; then actompained his father to Holland, 
where he entered, first a school in .Amsterdam, then 
the ITniversity at Leyden. About a year from this 
time, in 1781, when the manly boy was but fourteen 
years of age, he was selected by Mr. Dana, our min- 
ister to the Russian court, as his private secretary. 

Tn this school of incessant labor and of enobling 
culture he spent fourteen months, and then returned 
to Holland through Sweden, Denmark, Hamburg and 
Bremen. This long journey he took alone, in the 
winter, when in his sixteenth year. Again he resumed 
his studies, under a private tutor, at Hague. Thence, 

in the spring of 1782, he accompanied his father to 
Paris, traveling leisurely, and forming acquaintance 
with the most distinguished men on the Continent; 
examining architectural remains, galleries of paintings, 
and all renowned works of art. At Paris he again 
became associated with the most illustrious men of 
all lands in the contemplations of the loftiest temporal 
themes which can engross the human mind. After 
a short visit to England he returned to Paris, and 
consecrated all his energies to study until May, 1785, 
when he returned lo America. To a brilliant young 
man of eighteen, who had seen much of the world, 
and who was familiar with the etiipiette of courts, a 
residence with his father in London, under such cir- 
cumstances, must have been extremely attractive; 
but with judgment very rare in one of his age, he pre- 
ferred to return to America to complete his education 
in an American college. He wished then to study 
law, that with an honorable profession, he might be 
able to obtain an independent support. 

Upon leaving Harvard College, at the age of twenty, 
he studied law for three years. In June, 1794, be- 
ing then but twenty-seven years of age, he was ap- 
pointed by Washington, resident minister at the 
Netherlands. Sailing from Boston in July, he reached 
London in October, where he was immediately admit- 
ted to the deliberations of Messrs. Jay and Pinckney, 
assisting them in negotiating a commercial treaty with 
Great Brilian. After thus spending a fortnight in 
London, he proceeded to the Hague. 

In July, 1797, he left the Hague to go to Portugal as 
minister plenipotentiary. On his way to Portugal, 
upon arriving in London, he met with despatches 
directing him to the court of Beilin, but requesting 
him to remain in London until he should receive his 
instructions. \\hile waiting he was mairied to an 
American lady to whom he had been previously en- 
gaged, — Miss Louisa Catherine Johnson, daughter 
of Mr. Joshua Johnson, American consul in London ; 
a lady endownd with that beauty and those accom- 
plishment which eniinenlly fitted her to move in the 
elevated sphere for which she was destined. 






He reached Berlin with his wife in November, 1797 ; 
where he remained until July, 1799, when, having ful- 
filled all the purposes of his mission, lie solicited his 

Soon after his return, in 1802, he was chosen to 
the Senate of iV[assat;husetts, from Boston, and then 
was elected Senator of the United States for six years, 
from the 4th of March, 1804. His reputation, his 
ability and his ex|jerience, placed him immediately 
among the most prominent and influential members 
of that body. Especially did he sustain the Govern- 
ment in its measures of resistarice to the encroach- 
ments of England, destroying our commerce and in- 
sulting our flag. There was no man in America more 
familiar with the arrogance of the British court upon 
these jxjints, and no one more resolved to present 
a firm resistance. 

In 1839, Madison succeeded Jefferson in the Pres- 
idential chair, and he immediately nominated John 
Quincy Adams minister to St. Petersburg. Resign- 
ing his professorship in Harvard College, he embarked 
at Boston, in August, 1809. 

While in Russia, Mr. Adams was an intense stu- 
dent. He devoted his attention to the language and 
history of Russia; to the Chinese trade; to the 
European system of weights, measures, and coins ; to 
the climate and astronomical observations.; while he 
Kept up a familiar acquaintance with the Greek and 
Latin classics. In all the universities of Europe, a 
more accomplished scholar could scarcely be found. 
All through life the Bible constituted an important 
part of his studies. It was his rule to read five 
cha[Hers every day. 

On the 4th of March, 1817, Mr. Monroe took the 
Presidential chair, and immediately appointed Mr. 
Adams Secretary of State. Taking leave of his num- 
erous friends in public and private life in Europe, he 
sailed in Jane, rSig, for the United States. On the 
1 8th of August, he again crossed the threshold of his 
home in Quincy. During the eight years of Mr. Mon- 
roe's administration, Mr, Adams continued Secretary 
of State. 

Some time before the close of Mr. Monroe's second 
term of office, new candidates began to be presented 
for the Presidency. The friends of Mr. .\dams brought 
forward his name. It was an exciting campaign. 
Party spirit was never more bitter. Two hundred and 
sixty electoral votes were cast. Andrew Jackson re- 
ceived ninety nine; John Quincy Adams, eighty-four; 
\Villiain H. Crawford, forty-one; Henry Clay, thirty- 
seven. As there was no choice by the people, the 
<|uestion went to the House of Representatives. Mr. 
Clay gave the vote of Kentucky to Mr. Adams, and 
he was elected. 

The friends of all the disappointed candidates now 
combined in a venomous and persistent assault upon 
Mr. Adams, '{'here is nothing more disgraceful in 
the past history of our country than the abuse which 

was poured in one uninterrupted stream, upon this 
high-minded, upright, patriotic man. There never was 
an administration more pure in principles, more con- 
scientiously devoted to the best interests of the coun- 
try, than that of John Quincy Adams; and never, per- 
haps, was there an administration more unscrupu- 
lously and outrageously assailed. 

Mr. Adams was, to a very remarkable degree, ab- 
stemious and tem[)erate in his habils; alwa\'S rising 
early, and taking much exercise. \\ hen at his homein 
Quincy, he has been known to walk, before breakfast, 
seven miles to Boston. In Washington, it was said 
that he was the first man up in the city, lighting his 
own fire and applying himself to work in his library 
often long before dawn. 

On the 4th of March, 1829, Mr. Adams retired 
from the Presidency, and was succeeded by Andrew 
Jackson. John C. Calhoun was elected Vice Presi- 
dent. The slavery question now began to assume 
jxDrtentous magnitude. Mr. Adams returned to 
Quincy and to his studies, which he pursued with un- 
abated zeal. But he was not long permitted to re- 
main in retirement. In November, 1830, he was 
elected representative to Congress. For seventeen 
years, until his death, he occupied the post as repi'e- 
sentative, towering above all his peers, ever ready to 
do brave battle' for freedom, and winning the title of 
"the old man eloquent." Upon taking his seat in 
the House, he announced that he should hold him- 
self bound to no party. Probably there never was a 
member more devoted to his duties. He was usually 
the first in his place in the morning, and the last to 
leave his seat in the evening. Not a measure could 
be brought forward and escape his scrutiny. The 
battle which Mr. Adams fought, almost singly, against 
the proslavery party in the Government, was sublime 
in Its moral daring and heroism. For persisting in 
presenting petitiotis for the aliolition of slavery, he 
was threatened with indictment by the grand jury, 
with expulsion from the House, with assassination; 
but no threats could intimidate him, and his final 
triumph was complete. 

It has been said of President Adams, that when his 
body was bent and his hair silvered by the lapse of 
fourscore yeais, yielding to the simple f.iith of a little 
child, he was accustomed to repeat every night, before 
he slept, the pra)er whicli his mother taught him in 
his infant vears. 

On the 2 1 st of February, 1S48, he rose on the floor 
of Congress, with a paper in his hand, to address the 
speaker. Suddenly he fell, again stricken by jiarnly- 
sis, and was caught in the arms of those around him. 
For a time he was senseless, as he was conveyed to 
the sofa in the rotunda. With reviving conscious- 
ness, he opened liis eyes, looked calmly around and 
said " This is llir endof cartli .-"then after a moment's 
pause he added, " I am ron/i-nt." These were the 
last words of the grand "Old Man Eloquent." 






seventh President of the 
;]■* United States, was born in 
Waxhaw settlement, N. C, 
March 15, 1767, a few days 
after his father's death. His 
parents were poor emigrants 
from Ireland, and took up 
their abode in Waxhaw set- 
tlement, where they lived in 
deepest poverty. 
Andrew, or Andy, as he was 
universally called, grew up a very 
rough, rude, turbulent boy. His 
features were coarse, his form un- 
gainly; and there was but very 
little in his character, made visible, which was at- 

When only thirteen years old he joined the volun- 
teers of Carolina against the British invasion. In 
1781, he and his brother Robert were captured and 
imprisoned for a time at Camden. A British officer 
ordered him to brush his mud-spattered boots. " I am 
a prisoner of war, not your servant," was the reply of 
the dauntless boy. 

Tlic brute drew his sword, and aimed a desperate 
blow at the head of the helpless young prisoner. 
Andrew raised his hand, and thus received two fear- 
ful gashes, — one on the hand and the other upon the 
head. The officer then turned to his brother Robert 
with the same demand. He also refused, and re- 
ceived a blow from the keen-edged sabre, which ipiite 
disabled him, and which probably soon after caused 
his death. They suffered much other ill-treatment, and 
were finally stricken with the small-jxjx. Their 
mother was successful in obtaining their exchange. 

and took her sick boys home. After a long illness 
Andrew recovered, and the death of his mother soon 
left him entirely friendless. 

Andrew supported himself in various ways, such as 
working at the saddler's trade, ' teaching school and 
clerking in a general store, until 1784, when he 
entered a law office at Salisbury, N. C. He, however, 
gave more attention to the wild amusements of the 
times than to his studies. In 1788, he was appointed 
solicitor for the western district of North Carolina, of 
which Tennessee was then a part. This involved 
many long and tedious journeys amid dangers of 
every kind, but Andrew Jackson never knew fear, 
and the Indians had no desire to repeat a skirmish 
with the Sharp Knife. 

In 1791, Mr. Jackson was married to a woman who 
supposed herself divorced from her former husband. 
Great was the surprise of both parties, two years later, 
to find that the conditions of the divorce had just been 
definitely settled by the first husband. The marriage 
ceremony was performed a second time, but the occur- 
rence was often used by his enemies to bring Mr. 
Jackson into disfavor. 

During these years he worked hard at his profes- 
sion, and frequently had one or more duels on hand, 
one of which, when he killed Dickenson, was espec- 
ially disgraceful. 

In January, 1796, tlie Territory of Tennessee then 
containing nearly eighty thousand inhabitants, the 
people met in convention at Kno.\vil1e to frame a con- 
stitution. Five were sent from each of the eleven 
counties. Andrew Jackson was one of the delegates. 
The new State was entitled to but one member in 
the National House of Representatives. Andrew Jack- 
son was chosen that member. Mounting his horse he 
rode to Philedelphia, where Congress then held its 



Andre w ja ckson. 



sessions, — a distance of about eight hundred miles. 

Jackson was an earnest advocate of the Demo- 
cratic party. Jefferson was his idol. He admired 
Bonaparte, loved France and hated England. As Mr. 
Jackson took his seat, Gon. Washington, whose 
second term of office was then e.vpi:ing, delivered his 
last si)cech to Congress. A committee drew up a 
complimentary address in reply. Andrew Jackson 
did not a[)prove of tlie address, and was one of the 
twelve who voted against it. He was not willing to 
say that Gen. Washington's adminstration had been 
'" wise, firm and patriotic." 

Mr. Jackson was elected to the United States 
Senate in 1797, but soon resigned and returned home. 
Soon after he was chosen Judge of the Supreme Court 
of his State, which position he held f-,r six years. 

When the war of 18 12 witii (ireat Britian com- 
menced, Madison occupied the Presidential chair. 
Aaron B irr sent word to the President that there was 
an unknown man in the West, Andrew Jackson, who 
would do credit to a commission if one were con- 
ferred u[X3n him. Just at that time Gen. Jackson 
offered his services and those of twenty-five hundred 
volunteers. His offer was accepted, and the troo[)s 
were assembled at Nashville. 

As the Britisli were hourly expected to make an at- 
tack upon New Orleans, where Gen Wilkinson was 
in command, he was ordered to descend the river 
with fifteen hundred troops to aid Wilkinson,,. The 
expedition reached Natchez; and after adrfsiy oTseV; 
eral weeks there, without acconiplisliing,,tvny,thirtgi- 
the men were ordered back to their hohies. Bift.-the, 
energy Gen. Jackson had dis|)layed, and his entire- 
devotion to the comrfort of his soldiers,'Won him 
golden oi)inions; and he became the most p.opular 
man in the State. It was in this expedition that his, 
toughness gave him the nickname of " ( )ld Hickory."- 

SoDn after this, while attempting to horsewhip Col. 
Thomas H. Benton, for a remark that gentleman 
made about his taking a part as second in a duel, in 
which a younger brother of Benton's was engaged, 
he received two severe pistol wounds. While he was 
lingering >iiK)n a bed of suffering news came that the 
Indians, who had combined under Tecumseh from 
Florida to the Lnkes, to e.xterminate the white set- 
tlers, were commilting the most awful ravages. De- 
cisive action became necessary. Gen. Jackson, with 
his fractured bone just beginning to heal, his arm in 
a sling, and unable to mount his horse without assis- 
tance, gave his amazing energies to the raising of an 
army to rendezvous at Fayettesville, Alabama. 

The Creek Indians had established a strong fort on 
one of the bendsof the Tallauoosa River, near the cen- 
ter of Alabama, about fifty miles below Fort Strother. 
With an army of two thousand men, (ien. Jackson 
traversed the pathless wilderness in a march of eleven 
days. He reached their fort, called Tohopeka or 
Horse-shoe, on tlie 27th of March. 1814. The bend 


of the river enclosed nearly one hundred acres of 
tangled forest and wild ravine. Across the narrow 
neck the Indians had constructed a formidable brea:,t- 
work of logs and brush. Here nine hundred warriors, 
with an ample suplyof arms were assembled. 

The fort was stormed. The fight was utterly des- 
perate. Not an Indian would accept of quarter. When 
bleeding and dying, they would fight those who en- 
deavored to spare their lives. From ten in the morn- 
ing until dark, the battle raged. The carnage was 
awful and revolting. .Some threw themselves into the 
river; but the unerring bullet struck their heads as 
they swam. Nearly everj'one of the nine hundred war- 
rios were killed A few probably, in tlie night, swam 
the river and escaped. This ended the war. The 
ix)wer of the Creeks was broken forever. This bold 
plunge into the wilderness, with its terriffic slaughter, 
so appalled the savages, that the haggard remnants 
of the bands came to the camp, begging for peace. 

This closing of the Creek war enabled us to con- 
centrate all our militia upon the British, who were the 
allies of the Indians No man of less resolute will 
than Gen. Jackson could have conducted this Indian 
campaign to so successful an issue Immediatelv he 
was ap[)ointed major-general. 

Late in August, with an army of two thousand 
men, on a rushing march. Gen. Jackson came to 
Mobile. A British fleet came from Pensacola, landed 
a force upon the beach, anchored near the little fort, 
and from both ship and shore commenced a furious 
assault The battle was long and doubtful. At length 
one of the ships was blown up and the rest retired. 
,. (Garrisoning Mobile, where he had taken his little 
army, he moved his troops to New Orleans, 
And the battle of New Orleans which soon ensued, 
was in reality a verj' arduous campaign. This won 
for Gen. Jackson an imperishable name. Here his 
troops, which numbered about four thousand men, 
won a signal victory over the British army of about 
nine thousand. His loss was but thirteen, while the 
loss of the British was two thousand six hundred. 

The name of Gen. Jackson soon began to be men- 
tioned in connection with the Presidency, but, in 1824, 
he was defeated by Mr. Adams. He was, however, 
successful in the election of 1828, and was re-elected 
for a second term in 1832. In 1829, just before he 
assumed the reins of the government, he met with 
the most terrible amiclion of his life in the death of 
his wife, whom he had loved with a devotion which has 
perhaps never been surpassed. From the shock of 
her death he never recovered. 

His administration was one of the most memorable 
in the annals of our country; applauded by one i)arty, 
condemned by the other. No man had more bitter 
enemies or warmer friends. At the exi)iration of his 
two terms of office he retired to the Hermitage, where 
he died June 8, r845. The last years of \Ir. Jack- 
son's life were that of a devoted Christian man 






"7 ? ^'^ot M-^^ ^^.^^^-^^-^ 



47 4 


eighth President of the 
United States, was born at 
Kinderhook, N. Y., Dec. 5, 
1782. He died at the same 
[ilace, July 24, 1862. His 
l)ody rests in the cemetery 
at Kinderhook. Above it is 
a plain granite shaft fifteen feet 
high, bearing a simple inscription- 
about hall way up on one face. 
The lot is unfenced, unbordered 
or unbounded by shrub or flower. 

There is but little in the life of Martin Van Buren 
of romantic interest. He fought no battles, engaged 
in no wild adventures. Though his life was stormy in 
lX)litical and intellectual conflicts, and he gained many 
signal victories, his days passed uneventful in those 
incidents which give zest to biography. His an- 
cestors, as his name indicates, were of Dutch origin, 
and were among the earliest emigrants from Holland 
to the banks of the Hudson. His father was a farmer, 
residing in the old town of Kinderhook. His mother, 
also of Dutch lineage, was a woman of superior intel- 
ligence and exemplary i)iety. 

He was decidedly a [irecocious boy, developing un- 
usual activity, vigor and strength of mind. At the 
age of fourteen, he had finished his academic studies 
in his native village, and commenced the study of 
law. As he had not a collegiate education, seven 
years of study in a law-office were reiiuired of him 
before he could be admitted to the bar. Inspired with 
a lofty ambition, and conscious of his powers, he pur- 
sued his studies with indefatigable industry. After 
spending si.K years in an office in his native village, 

he went to the city of Mew York, and prosecuted his 
studies for the seventh year. 

In 1803, Mr. Van Buren, then twenty-one years of 
age, commenced the practice of law in his native vil- 
lage. The great conflict between the Federal and 
Republican party was then at its height. Mr. Van 
Buren was from the beginning a politician. He had, 
perhaps, imbibed that spirit while listening to the 
many discussions which had been carried on in his 
father's hotel. He was in cordial sympathy with 
Jefferson, and earnestly and eloquently espoused the 
cause of State Rights ; though at that time the Fed- 
eral party iield the supremacy both in his town 
and State. 

His success and increasing ruputation led him 
after six years of practice, to remove to Hudson, th<: 
county seat of his county. Here he spent seven years 
constantly gaining strength by contending in tht- 
courts with some of the ablest men who have adorned 
the bar of liis State. 

Just before leaving Kinderhook for Hudson, Mi. 
Van Buren married a lady alike distinguished for 
beauty and accomplishments. After twelve short 
years she sank into the grave, the victim of consump- 
tion, leaving her husband and four sons to weep over 
her loss. For twenty-five years, Mr. Van Buren was 
an earnest, successful, assiduous lawyer. The record 
of those years is barren in items of public interest. 
In t8i 2, when thirty years of age, he was chosen to 
the State Senate, and gave his strenuous support to 
Mr. Madison's adniinstration. In 1815, he was ap- 
pointed Attorney-General, and the next year moved 
to Albany, the capital of the State. 

While he was acknowledged as one of the most 
prominent leaders of the Democratic party, he had 






the moral courage to avow tliat true democracy did 
not require that " universal suffrage" which admits 
the vile, the degraded, the ignorant, to the right of 
governing the State. In true consistency with his 
democratic principles, he contended that, while the 
path leading to the privilege of voting should be o|jen 
to every man without distinction, no one should be 
invested with that sacred prerogative, unless he were 
in some degree qualified for it by intelligence, virtue 
and some property interests in the welfare of tlie 

In 182 I he was elected a member of the United 
States Senate; and in the same year, he took a seat 
in the convention to revise the constitution of his 
native State. His course in this convention secured 
the approval of men of all parties. No one could 
doubt the singleness of his endeavors to promote the 
interests of all classes in the community. In tiie 
Senate of tlie United States, he rose at once to a 
conspicuous position as an active and useful legislator. 

In 1827, John Quincy Adams being then in the 
Presidential chair, Mr. Van Buren was re-elected to 
the Senate. He had been from the beginning a de- 
termined o[)poser of the Administration, adojsting the 
"State Rights" view in opposition \o what was 
deemed the Federal proclivities of Mr. Adams. 

Soon after this, in 1828, he was chosen Governorof 
the State of New York, and accordingly resigned his 
seat in the Senate. Probably no one in the United 
States contributed so much towards ejecting John Q. 
Adams from the Presidential cliair, and placing in it 
Andrew Jackson, as did Martin Van Uuren. Whetlier 
entitled to the reputation or not, he certainly was re- 
garded throughout the United States as one of the 
most skillful, sagacious and cunning of politicians 
It was supiwsed that no one knew so well as he how 
to touch the secret spiings of action; how to pull all 
the wires to put his machinery in motion; and how to 
organize a political army which would, secretly and 
stealthily accomplish the most gigantic results. By 
these ixjwers it is said that he outv/itted Mr. Adams, 
Mr. Clay, Mr. Webster, and secured results which 
few thought then could be accomplished. 

When Andrew Jackson was elected President he 
apixyinted Mr. Van Huren Secretary of Stale. This 
position he resigned in i83r, and was immediately 
apiwinted Minister to England, where he went the 
same autumn. The Senate, however, when it met, 
refused to ratify the nomination, and he retiirned 


home, apparently untroubled ; was nominated Vice 
President in the place of Callioun, at the re-election 
of President Jackson ; and with smiles for all and 
fiowns for none, he took his place at the head of that 
Senate which had refused to confirm his nomination 
as ambassador. 

His rejection by the Senate roused all the zeal of 
President Jackson in behalf of his repudiated favor- 
ite ; and this, probably more than any other cause, 
secured his elevation to the chair of the Chief Execu- 
tive. On the 20th of May, 1836, Mr. Van Buren re- 
ceived the Democratic nomination to succeed Gen. 
Jackson as President of the United States He was 
elected by a handsome majority, to the delight of the 
retiring President. " Leaving New York out of the 
canvass," says Mr. Parton, "the election of Mr. Van 
Buren to the Presidency was as much the act of Gen. 
Jackson as though the Constitution had 'jonferred 
upon him the jiower lo a|)point a successor." 

His administration was filled with exciting events. 
The insurrection in Canada, which threatened to in- 
volve this country in war with England, the agitation 
of the slavery question, and finally the great commer- 
cial panic which spread over the country, all were 
trials to his wisdom. The financial distress was at- 
tributed to the management of the Democratic party, 
and brought the President into such disfavor that he 
failed of re-election. 

With the exception of being nominated for the 
Presidency by the " Free Soil " Democrats, in 1848, 
Mr. Van Buren lived quietly uiwn his estate until 
his death. 

He had ever been a prudent man, of frugal habits, 
and living within his income, had now fortunately a 
competence for his declining years. His unblemished 
character, his commanding abilities, his uncpiestioned 
jiatriotism, and the distinguished |)ositions which he 
had occupied in the government of our country, se- 
cured to him not only the hjmage of his jiarty, but 
the respect ot the whole community. It was on the 
4th of March, 1841, that Mr. Van Buren retired from 
the presidency. From his fine estate at Lindenwald, 
he still exerted a jjowerful influence upon theiwlitics 
of the country. From this time until his death, on 
the 24th of July, 1862, at the age of eighty -ears, he 
resided at Lindenwald, a gentleman of leisure, of 
culture and of wealth; enjoyir.g in a healthy old 
age, probably far more happiness than he had before 
experienced amid the stormy scenes of his active life. 




^ //://o^yi^^^ 





1 navi 

SON, the ninth President of 
the United States, was born 
at Berkeley, Va., Feb. 9, 1773. 
His father, Benjamin llarri- 
son,was in comparatively op- 
ulent circumstances, and was 
one of the most distinguished 
men of his day. He was an 
intimate friend of George 
Washington, was early elected 
a member of the Continental 
Congress, and was conspicuous 
among the patriots of Virginia in 
resisting the encroachments of the 
British crown. In the celebrated 
Congress of 1775, Benjamin Har- 
rison and John Hancock were 
both candidates for the office of 

Mr Harrison was subsequently 
chosen Governor of Virginia, and 
was twice re-elected. His son, 
William Henry, of course enjoyed 
in childhood all the advantages which wealth and 
intellectual and cultivated society could give. Hav- 
ing received a thorough common-school education, he 
entered Hampden Sidney College, where he graduated 
with honor soon after the death of his father. He 
then repaired to Philadelphia tustudy medicine under 
the instructions of Dr. Rush and the guardianship of 
Robert Morris, both of whom were, with his father, 
signers of the Declaration of Independeni c. 

Upon the outbreak of the Indian troubles, and not- 
withstanding the remonstrances of his friends, he 
abandoned his medical studies and entered the army, 
having obtained a commission of Ensign from Presi- 

dent Washington. He was then but 19 years old. 
From that time he passed gradually upward in rank 
until he became aid to General Wayne, after whose 
death he resigned his commission. He was then ap- 
pointed Secretary of the North-western Territory. This 
Territory was then entitled to but one member in 
Congress and Capt. Harrison was chosen to fill that 

In the spring of 1800 the North-western Territory 
was divided by Congress into two portions. The 
eastern portion, comprising the region now embraced 
in the State of Ohio, was called '" The Territory 
north-west of the Ohio." The western portion, which 
included what is now called Indiana, Illinois and 
Wisconsin, was called the "Indiana Territory." Wil- 
liam Henry Harrison, then 27 years of age, was aj)- 
[Xjinted by John Adams, Governor of the Indiana 
Territory, and immediately after, also Governor of 
Upper Louisiana. He was thus ruler over ahnost as 
extensive a realm as any sovereign upon the globe. He 
was Superintendent of Indian Affairs, and was in- 
vested with powers nearly dictatorial over the now 
rapidly increasing white population. The ability and 
fidelity with which he discharged these responsible 
duties may be inferred from the fact that he was four 
times appointed to this office — first by John Adams, 
twice by Thomas Jefferson and afterwards by Presi- 
dent Madison. 

When he began his adminstration there were but 
three white settlementsin that almost boundless region, 
now crowded with cities and resounding with all the 
tumult of wealth and traffic. One of these settlements 
was on the Ohio, nearly opposite Louisville; one at 
Vincennes, on the Waliash, and the thiid a French 

The vast wilderness over which Gov. Harrison 
reigned was filled with many tribes of Indians. About 






the year 1806, two extraordinary men, twin brothers, 
of the Shawnese tribe, rose among them. One of 
these was called Tecumseh, or " The Crouching 
Panther;" tiie other, OUiwaclieca, or "The Prophet." 
TecLunseh was not only an Indian warrior, but a man 
of great sagacity, far-reaching foresight and indomit- 
able perseverance in any enterprise m which he might 
engage. He was inspired with the highest enthusiasm, 
and had long regarded with dread and with hatred 
the encroacliment of the whites upon the hunting- 
grounds of his fathers. His brother, the Prophet, was 
anorator, wiio could sway tiie feelings of the untutored 
Indian as the gale tossed the tree -tops beneath which 
they dwelt. 

But the Prophet was not merely anorator: he was, 
in the superstitious minds of tlie Indians, invested 
with the su|)erhunian dignity of a medicine-man or a 
magician. With an enthusiasm unsurpassed by Peter 
the Hermit rousing Europe to the crusades, he went 
from tribe to tribe, assuming tiiat he was si)ecially sent 
by the tlreat Spirit. 

Gov. Harrison made many attempts to conciliate 
the Indians, but at last the war came, and at Tippe- 
canoe the Indians were routed with great slaughter. 
October 28, 18 12, his army began its march. When 
near the Prophet's town three Indians of rank made 
their appearance and inquired why (lov. Harri=on was 
approaching tliem in so hostile an attitude. After a 
short conference, arrangements were made for a mat- 
ing the next day, to agree upon terms of peace. 

But Oov. Harrison was too well acquainted witli 
the Indian character to be deceived by such protes- 
tations Selecting a favorable spot for his night's en- 
campment, he took every precaution against surprise 
His troops were jxDsted in a hollow square, and slept 
upon their arms. 

The troops threw themselves upon the ground for 
rest; but every man had his accourtrements on, his 
loaded musket liy his side, and his bayonet fixed. The 
wakeful (lovernor, between three anil four o'clock in 
the morning, had risen, and was sitting in conversa- 
tion with his aids by the embers of a waning fire. It 
was a chill, cloudy morning with a drizzling rain. In 
the darkness, the Indians had crept as near as possi- 
ble, and just then, with a savage yell, rushed, with all 
the desperation which superstition and passion most 
highly inflamed could give, upon the left flank of the 
little army. The savages had been amply provided 
with guns and ammunition l)y the English. Their 
war-whoop was accompained liy a shower of bullets. 

The cani|)-fires were instantly extinguished, as the 
light aided the Indians in their aim. With hide- 
ous yells, the Indian bantls rusheti on, not doubting a 
speedy and an entire victory. l?ut Gen. Harrison's 
troops stood as immovable as the rocks around them 
until day dawned : they then made a simultaneous 
charge with the bayonet, and swept every thing be- 
fore them, and completely routing the foe. 

(iov. Harrison now had all his energies tasked 
to the utmost. The British descending from the Can - 
adas, were of themselves a very formidable force ; but 
with their savage allies, rushing like wolves I'roni the 
forest, searching out every remote farm-house, burn- 
ing, plundering, scalijing, torturing, the wide frontier 
was plunged into a state of consternation which even 
the most vivid imagination can but faintly conceive. 
The war-whoop was resounding everywhere in the 
forest. The horizon was illuminated with the conflagra- 
tion of the cabins of the settlers. Gen Hull had made 
the ignominious surrender of his forces at Detroit. 
Under these despairing circumstances, Gov. Harrison 
was api)ointed by President Madison commander-in- 
chief of the North-westetn army, with orders to retake 
Detroit, and to protect the frontiers. 

It would be difficult to place a man in a situation 
demanding more energy, sagacity and courage; but 
General Harrison was found equal to the position, 
and nobly and triuuqihantly did he meet all the re- 

He won the love of his soldiers by always sharing 
with them their fatigue. His whole baggage, while 
Itursuing the foe up the Thames, was carried in a 
valise; and his bedding consisted of a single blanket 
lashed over his saddle. Thirty-five British officers, 
his prisoners of war, supped with him after the battle. 
The only fare he could give them was beef roasted 
before the fire, without bread or salt. 

In i8i6. Gen. Harrison was chosen a member of 
the National House of Representatives, to rejiresent 
the District of Ohio. In Congress he proved an 
active member; and whenever he sjxjke, it was with 
force of reason and power of eloquence, which arrested 
the attention of all the members. 

In 18 19, Harrison was elected to tlie Senate of 
Ohio; and in 1824, as oneof the presidential electors 
of that State, he gave his vote Uix Henry Clay. The 
same year he was chosen to the United States Senate. 

In 1836, the friends of Gen. Harrison brought him 
forward as a candidate for the Presidency against 
Van Buren, but he was defeated. At the close of 
Mr. Van Buren's term, he was re-nominated by his 
party, and Mr. Harrison was unanimously nominated 
by the Whigs, with John Tyler lorthe ^'ice Presidency. 
The contest was very animated. Gen Jackson gave 
all his infiiience to [)revent Harrison's election; but 
his triumph was signal. 

The cabinet wliich he formed, with Daniel Webster 
at its head as Secretary of State, was one of the most 
brilliant with which anv President had ever been 
surrounded. Never were the jjrospects of an admin- 
istration more flattering, or the ho|)es of the country 
more sanguine. In the midst of these bright and 
joyous prospects, Gen. Harrison was seized by a 
pleurisv-fever and after a few days of violent sick- 
ness, died on the 4th of April ; just one month after 
his inauguration as President of the United States, 






OHN TYLER, the tenth 

ria, Presidentof tlie United States. 
He was born in Charles-city 
Co., Va., March 29, 1790. He 
was the favored child of af- 
fluence and high social po- 
sition. At the early age of 
twelve, John entered William 
and Mary College and grad- 
uated with much honor when 
but seventeen years old. After 
graduating, he devoted him- 
self with great assiduity to the 
study of law, partly with his 
father and partly with Edmund 
Randolph, one of the most distin- 
guished lawyers of Virginia. 

At nineteen years of age, lie 
commenced the practice of law. 
His success was rapid and aston- 
ishing. It is said that three 
months had not elapsed ere there 
was scarcely a case on the dock- 
et of the court in which he was 
not retained. When but twenty-one years of age, he 
was almost unanimously elected to a seat in the State 
Legislature. He connected himself with the Demo- 
cratic party, and warmly advocated the measures of 
Jefferson and Madison. For five successive years he 
was elected to the Legislature, receiving nearly the 
unanimous vote or his county. 

When but twenty-si.K years of age, he was elected 
a member of Congress. Here he acted earnestly and 
ably with the Democratic party, opposing a national 
bank, internal improvements by the General Govern- 

ment, a protective tariff, and advocating a strict con- 
struction of the Constitution, and the most careful 
vigilance over State rights. His labors in Congress 
were so arduous that before the close of his second 
term he found it necessary to resign and retire to his 
estate, in Charles-city Co., to recruit liis health. He, 
however, soon after consented to take his seat in the 
State Legislature, where his influence was powerful 
in promoting public works of great utility. With a 
reputation thus canstantly increasing, he was chosen 
by a very large majority of votes. Governor of his 
native State. His administration was signally a suc- 
cessful one. His popularity secured his re-election. 

John Randolph, a brilliant, erratic, half-crazed 
man, then represented Virginia in the Senate of the 
United States. A portion of the Democratic party 
was displeased with Mr. Randolph's wayward course, 
and brought forward John Tyler as his opponent, 
considering him the only man in Virginia of sufficient 
popularity to succeed against the renowned orator of 
Roanoke. Mr. Tyler was the victor. 

\\\ accordance with his professions, upon taking his 
seat in the Senate, he joined the ranks of the opposi- 
tion. He opposed the tariff; he simke against and 
voted against the bank as unconstitutional ; he stren- 
uously opposed all restrictions upon slavery, resist- 
ing all projects of internal improvements by the Gen- 
eral Government, and avowed his sympathy with Mr. 
Calhoun's view of nullification ; he declared that Gen. 
Jackson, by his opposition to the nullifiers, had 
abandoned the piinciples of the Democratic party. 
Such was Mr. Tyler's record in Congress, — a record 
in perfect accordance with the principles which he 
had always avowed. 

Returning to Virginia, he resumed the practice of 
liis profession. There was a rplit in the Democratic 

■ ^» 


party. His friends still regarded him as a true Jef- 
fersonian, gave him a dinner, and showered compli- 
ments upon him. He had now attained the age of 
forty-six. His career had been very brilliant. In con- 
sequence of his devotion to public business, his pri- 
vate affairs had fallen into some disorder; and it was 
not without satisfaction that he resumed the practice 
of law, and devoted himself to the culture of his plan- 
tation. Soon after this he removed to Williamsburg, 
for the better education of his children ; and he again 
took his seat in the Legislature of Virginia. 

By the Southern Whigs, he was sent to the national 
convention at Harrisburg to nominate a President in 
1839. The majority of votes were given to Gen. Har- 
rison, a genuine Whig, much to the disappointment of 
the South, who wished for Henry Clay. To concili- 
ate the Southern Whigs and to secure their vote, the 
convention then nominated John Tyler for Vice Pres- 
ident. It was well known that he was not in sympa- 
thy with the Whig party in theNo:th: but the Vice 
President has but very little [X)wer in the Govern- 
ment, his main and almost only duty being to pre- 
side over the meetings of the Senate. Thus it hap- 
pened that a Whig President, and, in reality, a 
Democratic Vice President were chosen. 

In 1841, Mr. Tyler was inaugurated Vice Presi- 
dent of the United States. In one short month from 
that time. President Harrison died, and Mr. Tyler 
thus found himself, to his own surprise and that of 
the whole Nation, an occu|)ant of the Presidential 
chair. This was a new test of the stability of our 
institutions, as it was the first time in the history of our 
country that such an event had occured. Mr. Fyler 
was at home in Williamsburg when he received the 
unexpected tidings of the death of President Harri- 
son. He hastened to Washington, and on the 6th of 
April was inaugurated to the high and resix>nsible 
office. He was placed in a position of exceeding 
delicacy and diffit:ulty. All his long life he had been 
opposed tc th.e main principles of the party which had 
brought him into power. He had ever been a con-" 
sistent, honest man, with an unblemished record. 
Gen. Harrison had selected a Whig caliinet. Should 
he retain them, and thus surround himself with coun- 
sellors whose views were antagonistic to his own.? or, 
on the other hand, should he turn against the party 
which had elected him and select a cabinet in har- 
mony with himself, and which would oppose all those 
views which the Whigs deemed essential to the pub- 
lic welfare? This was his fearful dilemma. He in- 
vited the cabinet which President Harrison had 
selected to retain their seats. He reccommended a 
day of fasting and prayer, that God would guide and 
bless lis. 

The Whigs carried through Congress a bill for the 
incor|)oration of a fiscal bank of the United States. 
The President, after ten clays' delay, returned it wiili 
his veto. Hv siiugested, however, that he >vould 

approve of a bid drawn up upon such a plan as he 
proposed. Such a bill was "accordingly prepared, and 
privately tmbmitted to him. He gave it his approval. 
It was passed without alteration, and he sent it back 
with his veto. Here commenced the open rupture. 
It is said that Mr. Tyler was provoked to this meas- 
ure by a published letter from the Hon. John M. 
Botts, a distinguished Virginia Whig, who severely 
touched the pride of the President. 

The ojjposition now exuliingly received the Presi- 
dent into their arms. The parly which elect(Jd him 
denounced him bitterly. All the members of his 
cabinet, excelling Mr. Webster, resigned. 'I'he Whi^s 
of Congress, both the Senate and the House, held a 
meeting and issued an address to the people of the 
United States, proclaiming that all [Malitical alliance 
between the Whigs and President Tyler were at 
an end. 

Still the President attempted to conciliate. He 
appointed a new cabmet of distinguished Whigs and 
Conservatives, carefully leaving out all strong party 
men. Mr. Wel)ster soon found it necessary to resign, 
forced out by the pressure of his U'hig friends. Tims 
the four years of Mr. Tyler's unfortunate administra- 
tion ]iassed sadly away. Ko one was satisfied. The 
land was filled with murmurs and vituperation. Whigs 
and Democrats alike assailed him. More and more, 
however, he brought himself into sympathy with his 
oM friends, the Democrats, until at the close of his term, 
he gave his whole influence to the support of Mr. 
Polk, the Democratie candidate for his successor. 

On the 4th of March, 1845, he retired from the 
harassments of office, to the regret of neither party, and 
probably to his own unsjieakalile lelief. His first wife, 
Miss Letitia Christian, died in Washington, in 1842; 
and in June, 1844, I'resident Tyler was again married, 
at New York, to Miss Julia Gardiner, a young lady of 
many personal and intellectual accomplishments. 

The remainder of his days Mr. Tyler passed mainly 
in retirement at his beautiful home, — Sherwood For- 
est, Charles city Co., Va. A polished gentleman in 
his manners, richly furnished with information from 
books and experience in the world, and ])ossessing 
brilliant jiowers of conversation, his family circle was 
the scene of unusual attractions. ^\'ith sufficient 
means for tlie exercise of a generous hospitality, he 
might have enjoyed a serene old age with the few 
friends who g.ithered around him, were it not for the 
storms of civil war which his own principles and 
policy had helped to introduce. 

When the great Rebellion rose, which the State- 
rights and nullifying do( trines of Mr. John C. Cal- 
houn had inaugurated, President Tyler renounced his 
allegiance to the United States, and joined the Confed- 
erates. He was chosen a member of their Congress; 
and while engaged in active measures to destroy, by 
force of arms, the Government over which he had 
once presided, he was taken sick and soon died. 






"" ■» " ■- 


^^^S&-#I^^^SA^X6 -^i§9^^ 


*< '^ ■■^. 


I AMES K.POLK, the eleventh 

i-.;j> President of the United States, 

was horn in Mecklenburg Co., 

N. C, Nov. 2, 1795. His par- 

,,. ,., ents were Samuel and Tane 

(Knox) Polk, the former a son 

of Col. Thomas Polk, who located 

at the above place, as one of the 

first [)ioneers, in 1735. 

In tlie year 1S06, with his wife 
and children, and soon after fol- 
lowed by most of the members of 
the Polk famly, Samuel Polk emi- 
grated some two or three hundred 
miles farther west, to the rich valley 
of the Duck River. Here in the 
midst of the wilderness, in a region 
which was subsequently called Mau- 
ry Co., they reared their log huls, 
and established their homes. In the 
hard toil of a new farm in the wil- 
derness, James K. Polk spent the 
early years of his childhood and 
youth. His father, adding the pur- 
suit of a surveyor to Ihatof a farmer, 
gradually increased in wealth until 
he became one of the leading men of the region. His 
mother was a superior woman, of strong common 
sense and earnest piety. 

Very early in life, James developed a taste for 
reading and expressed the strongest desire to obtain 
a liberal education. His mother's training had made 
him methodical in his habits, had taught him punct- 
uality and industry, and had inspired him with lofty 
principles of morality. His health was frail ; and his 
father, fearing that he might not be able to endure a 

sedentary life, got a situation for him behind the 
counter, hoping to fit him for commercial pursuits. 

This was to James a bitter disa])i)ointment. He 
had no taste for these duties, and his daily tasks 
were irksome in the extreme. He remained in this 
uncongenial occupation but a few weeks, when at his 
earnest solicitation his father removed him, and made 
arrangements for him to prosecute his studies. Soon 
after he sent him to Murfreesboro Academy. With 
ardor which could scarcely be surpassed, he pressed 
forward in his studies, and in less than two and a half 
years, in the autumn of 1815, entered the sophomore 
class in the University of North Carolina, at Chapel 
Hill. Here he was one of the most exemplary of 
scholars, punctual in every exercise, never allowing 
himself to be absent from a recitation or a religious 

He graduated in 18 18, with the highest honors, be- 
ing deemed the best scholar of his class, lioth in 
mathematics and the classics. He was then twenty- 
three years of age. Mr. Polk's health was at this 
time much impaired by the assiduity with which he 
had }irosecuted his studies. After a short season of 
relaxation he went to Nashville, and entered the 
office of Felix Grundy, to study law. Here Mr. Polk 
renewed his acquaintance with Andrew Jackson, who 
resided on his plantation, the Hermitage, but a few 
miles from Nashville. They had probably been 
slightly acquainted before. 

Mr. Polk's father was a Jeffersonian Republican, 
and James K. Polk ever adhered to the same politi- 
cal faith. He was a popular public speaker, and was 
constantly called upon to address the meetings of his 
party friends. His skill as a speaker was such that 
he was popularly called the Napoleon of the stump. 
He was a man of unblemished morals, genial and 




:ourteous in his bearing, and with that sympathetic 
nature in the jo) s and griefs of others which ever gave 
him troops of friends. In 1823, Mr. Poll: was elected 
to the Legislature of Tennessee. Here he gave his 
strong influence towards the election of his friend, 
Mr. Jackson, to the Presidency of the United States. 

In January, 1824, Mr. Polk married Miss Sarah 
Childress, of Rutherford Co., Tenn. His bride was 
altogether worthy of liim, — a lady of beauty and cul- 
ture. In the fall of 1825, Mr. Polk was chosen a 
member of Congress. The satisfaction which he gave 
to his constituents may be inferred from the fact, that 
for fourteen successive years, until 1839, he was con- 
tinued iu that office. He then voluntarily withdrew, 
only that he might accept the Gubernatorial chair 
of Tennessee. In Congress he was a laborious 
member, a frequent and a popular speaker. He was 
always iu his seat, always courteous; and whenever 
he spoke it was always to the point, and without any 
ambitious rhetorical display. 

During five sessions of Congress, Mr. Polk was 
Speaker of the House Strong passions were roused, 
and stormy scenes were witnessed ; but Mr Polk per- 
formed his arduous duties to a very general satisfac- 
tion, and a unanimous vote of thanks to him was 
passed by the House as he withdrew on the 4th of 
March, 1839. 

In accordance with Southern usage, Mr. Polk, as a 
candidate for Governor, canvassed the State. He was 
elected by a large majority, and on the 14th of Octo- 
ber, 1839,100k tlie oatli of office at Nashville. In 1841, 
his term of office expired, and he was again the can- 
didate of the Democratic party, but was defeated. 

On the 4tli of March, 1845, Mr. Polk was inaugur- 
ated President of the United States. The verdict of 
the country in favor of the annex;Uion of Texas, exerted 
its influence upon Congress ; and the last act of tlie 
administration of President Tyler was to affix his sig- 
nature to a joint resolution of Congress, passed on the 
3d of March, approving of the annexation of Texas to 
the American Union. As Mexico still claimed Texas 
as one of her provinces, the Mexican minister, 
Almonte, immediately demanded liis passports and 
left the country, declaring the act of the annexation 
to be an act hostile to Mexico. 

In his first message. President Polk urged that 
Texas should immediately, by act of Congress, be re- 
ceived into tlie Union on the same footing with tlie 
Other States. In the meantime, Gen. Tiiylor was sent 

with an army into Texas to hold the country. He was 
sent first to Nueces, which the Mexicans said was the 
western boundary of Texas. Then he was sent nearly 
two hundred miles further west, to the Rio Grande, 
where lie erected batteries which commanded the 
Mexican city of Matamoras, which was situated on 
the western banks. 

The anticipated collision soon took place, and war 
was declared against Mexico by President Polk. The 
war was pushed forward by Mr. Polk's administration 
with great vigor. Gen. Taylor, whose army was first 
called one of "observation," then of "occupation," 
then of " invasion, "was sent forward to Monterey. The 
feeble Mexicans, in every encounter, were hopelessly 
and awfully slaughtered. The day of judgement 
alone can reveal the misery which this war caused. 
It v/as by the ingenuity of Mr. Polk's administration 
that the war was brought on. 

'To the victors belong the spoils." Mexico was 
prostrate before us. Her capital was in our hands. 
We now consented to peace upon the condition that 
Mexico should surrender to us, in addition to Texas, 
all of New Mexico, and all of Upper and Lower Cal- 
ifornia. This new demand embraced, exclusive of 
Texas, eight hundred thousand square miles. Tiiis 
was an extent of territory equal to nine States of the 
size of New York. Thus slavery was securing eighteen 
majestic States to be added to the Union. There were 
some Americans who thought it all right : there were 
others who thought it all wrong. In the prosecution 
of this war, we expended twenty thousand lives and 
more than a hundred million of dollars. Of this 
money fifteen millions were paid to Mexico. 

On the 3d of M irch, 1S49, Mr. Polk retired from 
office, having served one term. The next day was 
Sunday. On the 5th, Gen. Taylor was inaugurated 
as his successor. Mr Polk rode to the Capitol in the 
same carriage with Gen. Taylor; and the same even- 
ing, with Mrs. I'olk, lie commenced his return to 
Tennessee. He was then but fifty-four years of age. 
He had ever been strictly temperate in all his habits, 
and his health was good ^^'itll an ample fortune, 
a choice library, a cultivated mind, and domestic ties 
of the dearest nature, it seemed as though long years 
of trantpiility and happiness were before him. But the 
cholera — that fearful scourge — was then sweeping up 
the Valley of the Mississippi. This he contracted, 
and died on the 15th of June, 1849, in the fifly-fourtii 
year of his age, greatly mourned by his countrymen. 


Mi i M 


At f 






a c^vaga.g : iv.V«^M ' SJV^J v i\p r^^^v^^v^v^^-Pv^A\\\AV. 

;^4f!|t.4.t¥ ¥4.¥*f «■ 

President of the United States, 
"was born on the 24th of Nov., 
1784, in Orange Co., Va. His 
father. Colonel Taylor, was 
a Virginian of note, and a dis- 
tinguished patriot and soldier of 
the Revolution. When Zachary 
was an infant, his father with his 
wife and two children, emigrated 
to Kentucky, where he settled in 
the pathless wilderness, a few 
miles from Louisville. In this front- 
ier home, away from civilization and 
all its refinements, young Zachary 
could enjoy but few social and educational advan- 
tages. When six years of age he attended a common 
school, and was tlien regarded as a bright, active boy, 
rather remarkable for bluntness and decision of char- 
acter He was strong, feailess and self-reliant, and 
manifested a strong desire to enter the army to fight 
the Lidians who were ravaging the frontiers. There 
is little to be recorded of the uneventful years of his 
childhood on his father's large but lonely plantation. 
In 1808, his father succeeded in obtaining for him 
the commission of lieutenant in the United States 
army ; and he joined the troops which were stationed 
at New Odeans under Gen. Wilkinson. Soon after 
this he married Miss Margaret Smith, a young lady 
from one of the first families of Maryland. 

Immediately after the declaration of war with Eng- 
land, in 18 1 2, Capt. Taylor (for he had then been 
promoted to that rank) was put in command of Fort 
Harrison, on the Wabash, about fifty miles above 
Vincennes. This fort had been built in the wilder- 
ness by Gen. Harrison,on his march to Tippecanoe. 
It was one of the first points of attack by the Indians, 
Jed by Tecunjseh. Its garrison consisted of a broken 

company of infantry numbering fifty men, many of 
whom were sick. 

Early in the autumn of 1812, the Indians, stealthily, 
and in large numbers, moved ui»n the fort. Their 
approach was first indicated by the murder of two 
soldiers just outside of the stockade. Capt. Taylor 
made every possible preparation to meet the antici- 
pated assault. On the 4th of September, a band of 
forty painted and plumed savages came to the fort, 
waving a white flag, and informed Capt. Taylor that 
in the morning their chief would come to have a talk 
with him. It was evident that their object was merely 
to ascertain the state of things at the fort, and Capt. 
Taylor, well versed in the wiles of the savages, kept 
them at a distance. 

The sun went down; the savages disappeared, the 
garrison slept upon their arms. One hour before 
midnight the war whoop burst from a thousand lips 
in the forest around, followed by the discharge of 
musketry, and the rush of the foe. Every man, sick 
and well, sprang to his post. Every man knew that 
defeat was not merely death, but in the case of cap- 
ture, death by the most agonizing and prolonged tor- 
ture. No pen can describe, no immagination can 
conceive the scenes which ensued. The savages suc- 
ceeded in setting fire to one of the block-houses- 
Until six o'clock in the morning, this awful conflict 
continued. The savages then, baffled at every point, 
and gnashing their teeth with rage, retired. Capt. 
Taylor, for this gallant defence, was promoted to the 
rank of major by brevet. 

Until the close of the war, MajorTaylor was placed 
in such situations that he saw but little more of active 
service. He was sent far away into the depths of the 
wilderness, to Fort Crawford, on Fo.\ River, whicli 
empties into Green Bay. Here there was but little 
to be done but to wear away the tedious hours as one 
best could. There were no books, no society, no in- 




tellectual stimulus. Thus with him the uneveuitul 
years rolled oa Gradually lie rose to the rank ot 
colonel. In the Black Hawk war, which resulted in 
tlie capture of that renowned chieftain, Col Taylor 
took a subordinate but a brave and efficient part. 

For twenty-four years Col. Taylor was engaged in 
the defence of the frontiers, in scenes so remote, and in 
emi)loyments so obscure, that his name was unknown 
beyond the limits of his own immediate acquaintance. 
In the year 1836, he was sent to Florida to com]jel 
the Seminole Indians to vacate that region and re- 
tire beyond the Mississippi, as their chiefs by treaty, 
had promised they should do. The services rendered 
here secured for Col. Taylor the high appreciation of 
the Government ; and as a reward, he was elevated 
to the rank of brigadier-general by brevet ; and soon 
after, in May, 1838, was appointed to the chief com- 
mand of the United States troops in Florida. 

After two years of such wearisome employment 
amidst the everglades of the peninsula. Gen. Taylor 
obtained, at his own request, a change of command, 
and was stationed over the Department of the South- 
west. This field embraced Louisiana, Mississijipi, 
Alabama and Cieorgia. Establishing his headquarters 
at Fort Jessup, in Louisiana, he removed his family 
to a plantation which he purchased, near Baton Rogue. 
Here he remained for five years, buried, as it were, 
from the world, but faithfully discharging every duty 
imposed upon him. 

In 1846, (ien. Taylor was sent to guard tlie land 
between the Nueces and Rio Grande, the latter river 
being the boundary of Texas, which was then claimed 
by the United States. Soon the war witli Mexico 
was brought on, and at Palo Alto and Resaca de la 
Palma, Gen. Taylor won brilliant victories over the 
Me.xicans. The rank of major-general by brevet 
was then conferred upon Gen. Taylor, and his name 
was received with enthusiasm almost everywhere in 
the Nation. Then came tiie battles of Monterey and 
Buena Vista in which he won signal victories over 
forces much larger than he commanded. 

His careless habits of dress and his unaffected 
simplicity, secured for Gen. Taylor among his troops, 
\\\Q sobriquet of "Old Rough and Ready.' 

The tidings of the brilliant victory of Buena Vista 
spread the wildest enthusiasm over the country, '{'he 
name of Gen. Taylor was on every one's lips. The 
Whig party decided to take advantage of this wonder- 
ful iiopularity in bringing forward the un|)olished, un- 
lettered, honest soldier as their candidate for the 
Presidency. Gen. Taylor was astonished at the an- 
nouncement, and for a time would not listen to it; de- 
claring that he was not at all (pialified for such an 
office. So little interest had he taken in politics that, 
for forty years, he had not cast a vote. It was not 
without chagrin that several distinguished statesmen 
who had been long vears in the public service found 
their claims set aside in behalf of one wliose name 

had never been heard of, save in connection with Palo 
Alio, Resaca de la Palma, Monterey and Buena 
Vista. It is said that Daniel Webster, in iiis haste re- 
marked, ■' It is a nomination not fit to be made." 

Ge[i. Taylor was not an eloquent speaker nor a fine 
writer His friends took possession of him, and pre- 
pared such few communications as it was needful 
should be presented to the public. The popularity of 
the successful warrior swept the land. He was tri- 
umphantly elected over two opposing candidates, — 
Gen. Cass and E.K-President Martin Van Buren. 
Though he selected an excellent cabinet, the good 
old man found himself in a very uncongenial [wsition, 
and was, at times, sorely per[ilexed and harassed. 
His mental sufferings were very severe, and probably 
tended to hasten his death. The pro-slavery party 
was pushing its claims with tireless energy, expedi- 
tions were fitting out to capture Cuba ; California was 
pleading for admission to the Union, while slavery 
stood at the door to bar her out. Gen. Taylor found 
the political conflicts in Washington to be far more 
trying to the nerves than battles with Mexicans or 

In the midst of all these troubles, Gen. Taylor, 
after he had occupied the Presidential chair but little 
over a year, took cold, and after a brief sickness of 
but little over five days, died on the Qlh of July, 1850. 
His last woids were, " I am not afraid to die. I am 
ready. I have endeavored to do my duty." He died 
universally respected and beloved. An honest, un- 
pretending man, he had been steadily growing in the 
affections of the people ; and the Nation bitterly la- 
mented his deatli. 

Gen. Scott, who was thoroughly acquainted with 
Gen. Taylor, gave the following graphic and truthful 
descri[)tion of his character: — " With a good store of 
common sense, Gen. Taylor's mind had not been en- 
larged and refreshed by reading, or much converse 
with the world. Rigidity of ideas was the conse- 
quence. The frontiers and small military posts had 
been his home. Hence he was quite ignorant for his 
rank, and quite bigoted in his ignorance. His sim- 
plicity was child-like, and with innumerable preju- 
dices, amusing and incorrigible, well suited to the 
tender age. Thus, if a man, however respectable, 
chanced to wear a coat of an unusual color, or his hat 
a little on one side of his head ; or an officer to leave 
a corner of his handkerchief dangling from an out- 
side iiocket, — in any such case, this critic held the 
olTL-nder to be a coxcomb (perhaps something worse), 
whom he would not, to use his oft repeated jjlirase, 
'touch with a pair of tongs." 

"Any allusion to literature beyond good old Dil- 
worth's spelling-book, on the part of one wearing a 
sword, was evidence, with the same judge, of utter 
unfitness for heavy marchings and combats. In short, 
few men have ever had a more comfortable, labor- 
saving contempt for learning of every kind." 












fy) tcentli President of the LInited 
"' .States, was born at bummer 
Hill, Cayuga Co., N. Y ., on 
the 7th of January, 1800. His 
'^ father was a farmer, and ow- 
ing to misfortune, in humble cir- 
cumstances. Of his mother, the 
daughter of Dr. Abiathar Millard, 
of Pittsfield, Mass., it has been 
said that she ixjssessed an intellect 
of very high order, united with much 
personal loveliness, sweetness of dis- 
position, graceful manners and ex- 
cpiisite sensibilities. She died in 
1831 ; having lived to see her son a 
young man of distinguished prom- 
ise, though she was not permitted to witness the high 
dignity which he finally attained. 

Li consequence of the secluded home and limited 
means of his father, Millard enjoyed but slender ad- 
vantages for education in his early years. The com- 
mon schools, which he occasionally attended were 
very imperfect nistitutions; and books were scarce 
and expensive. There was nothing then in his char- 
acter to indicate the brilliant career upon which he 
was about to enter. He was a plain farme'r's boy; 
intelligent, good-looking, kind-hearted. The sacred 
influences of home had taught him to revere the Bible, 
and had laid the foundations of an upright character. 
When fourteen years of age, his father sent him 
some hundred miles from home, to the then vifilds of 
Livingston County, to learn the trade of a clothier. 
Near the mill there was a small villiage, where some 

enterprising man had commenced the collection of a 
village library. This [iroved an inestimable blessing 
to young Fillmore. His evenings were S[)entin read- 
ing. .Soon every leisure moment was occupied \\ith 
books. His thirst for knowledge became insatiate; 
and the selections which he made were continually 
more elevating and instructive. He read history, 
biography, oratory, and thus gradually there was en- 
kindled in his heart a desire to be something more 
than a mere worker with his Viands; and he was be- 
coming, almost unknown to himself, a well-informed, 
educated man. 

The young clothier had now attained the age of 
nineteen years, and was of fine personal appearance 
and of gentlemanly demeanor. It so happened that 
there was a gentleman in the neighborhood of ample 
pecuniary means and of benevolence, — Judge Walter 
Wood, — who was struck with the jjrepossessing ap- 
pearance of young Fillmore. He made his acquaint- 
ance, and was so luuch imjiressed with his ability and 
attainments that lie advised him to abandon his 
trade and devote himself to the study of the law. The 
young man replied, that he had no means of his own, 
ro friends to help him and that his previous educa- 
tion had been very imperfect. But Judge Wood had 
so much confidence in him tliat he kindly offered to 
take him into his own office, and to loan him such 
money as he needed. Most gratefully the generous 
offer was accepted. 

There is in many minds a strange delusion about 
a collegiate education. A young man is supposed to 
be liberally educated if he has graduated at some col- 
lege. But many a l.ioy loiters through university halls 
ind then enters a law office, who is by no means as 








well prepared to prosecute his legal studies as was 
Millard Fillmore when he graduated at the clothing- 
mill at the end of four years of manual labor, during 
which every leisure moment had been devoted to in- 
tense mental culture. 

In 1S23, when twenty-three years of age, he v;as 
admitted to the Court of Common Pleas. He then 
went to the village of Aurora, and commenced the 
practice of law. In this secluded, peaceful region, 
his practice of course was limited, and there was no 
opportunity for a sudden rise in fortune or in fame. 
Here, in the year 1826, he married a lady of great 
moral worth, and one capable of adorning any station 
she might be called to fill, — Miss Abigail Powers. 

His elevation of character, his untiring industry, 
his legal acquirements, and his skill as an advocate, 
gradually attracted attention ; and he was invited to 
enter into partnership under highly advantageous 
circumstances, with an elder member of the bar in 
Buffalo. Just before removing to Buffalo, in 1829, 
he took his seat in the House of Assembly, of the 
State of New York, as a representative from Erie 
County. Though he had never taken a very active 
part in politics, his vote and his sympathies were witli 
the Whig ])arty. The State was then Dfertippr^ticj^: 
and he found himself in a helpless minority iiv'-''the ■ 
Legislature, still the testimony comes froifl all parties, > 
that his courtesy, ability and integrity, \t^n,'tp^;a;yery 
unusual degrie the respect of his associate^:- ■■'e^'"'':. 

In the autumn of 1832, he was elected to a^ 
the United States Congress He entered that troubled- 
arena in some of the most tumultuous hours of our 
national history. The great conflict respecting the 
national liank and tlie removal of tlie deposits, was 
then raging. 

His term of two years closed ; and he returned to 
his profession, which he pursued with increasing rep- 
utation and success. After a lapse of two years 
he again became a candidate for Congress ; was re- 
elected, and took his seat in 1837. His past exjje- 
rience as a representative gave lum strength and 
confidence. The first term of service in Congress to 
any man can be but little )nore than an introduction. 
He was now prepared for active duty. All his ener- 
gies were brought to bear upon the jiublic good. I'^very 
measure received his impress. 

Mr. Fillmore was now a man of wide repute, and 
his [xjpularity filled the Slate, and in the year 1847, 
he was elected Comptroller of the State. 

Mr. Fillmore had attained the age of forty-seven 
years. His labors at the bar, in the Legislature, in 
Congress and as Comptroller, had given him very con- 
siderable fame. The Whigs were casting about to 
find suitable candidates for President and Vice-Presi- 
dent at the a|)[)roaching election. Far away, on the 
waters of the Rio Grande, there was a rough old 
soldier, who had fought one or two successful battles 
with the Mexicans, which had caused his name to be 
proclaimed in tiumpet-tones all over the land. But 
it was necessary to associate with him on the same 
ticket some man of reputation as a statesman. 

Under the intluence of these considerations, the 
namesof Zachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore became 
the rallying-cry of the Whigs, as their candidates for 
President and Vice-Peesident. The Whig ticket was 
signally triumphant. On the 4th of March, 1849, 
Gen. Taylor was inaugurated President, and Millard 
Fillmore Vice-President, of the United States. 

On the 9th of July, 1850, President Taylor, but 
about one year and four months after his inaugura- 
tion, was suddenly taken sick and died. By the Con- 
stitution, Vice-President Fillmore thus became Presi- 
dent. He appointed a very able cabinet, of which 
the illustrious Daniel Webster was Secretary of State. 
■ "'Mr. Fillniore had very serious difficulties to contend 
■ Avith, since the opiwsition had a majority in both 
■H<j.tises. He did everything in his power to cone iliate 
the South; but the pro-slavery party in the South felt 
the inadequacy of all measuresof transient conciliation. 
The population of the free States was so rapidly in- 
creasing over that of the slave States that it was in- 
evitable that the power of the Government should 
soon pass into the hands of the free States. The 
famous compromise measures were adopted under Mr. 
I'"illmcre's adminstration, and the Japan Expedition 
was sent out. On the 4th of March, 1853, Mr I'ill- 
more, having served one term, retired. 

In 1856, Mr. Fillmore was nominated for the Pres- 
idency by the " Know Nothing " i)arty, but was beaten 
by Mr. liiiclianan. After that Mr. Fillmore lived in 
retirement. During the terrible conflict of civil war, 
he was mostly silent. It was generally siipimsed that 
his sympathies were rather with those wlio were en- 
deavoring to overthrow our institutions. I'resident 
Fillmore kept aloof from the conflict, without any 
cordial words of cheer to the one party or the other. 
lie was tlius forgotten by both. He lived to a ripe 
old age, and died in Buffalo. N. Y., March 8, 1874. 


^A ^A. Ix^zc^^ 





jfefseaa^^ "--: 

^ oS&:*it ^'FHflNKLIN PIEREE.^ 

^^^t-1"^' ••-^^' 


fourteenth President of the 
United States, was born in 
Hillsborough, N. H., Nov. 
23, 1804. His father was a 
Revolutionary soldier, who, 
with his own strong arm, 
hewed out a home in the 
wilderness. He was a man 
of inflexible integrity; of 
strong, though uncultivated 
mind, and an uncompromis- 
ing Democrat. The mother of 
Franklin Pierce was all that a son 
could desire, — an intelligent, pru- 
dent, affectionate, Christian wom- 
an. Franklin was the sixth of eight children. 

Franklin was a very bright and handsome boy, gen- 
erous, warm-hearted and brave. He won alike the 
love of old and young. The boys on the play ground 
loved him. His teachers loved him. The neighbors 
looked upon him with pride and affection. He was 
by instinct a gentleman; always speaking kind words, 
doing kind deeds, with a peculiar unstudied tact 
wiiich taught him what was agreeable. Without de- 
veloping any precocity of genius, or any unnatural 
devotion to books, he was a good scholar; in body, 
in mind, in affections, a finely-developed boy. 

When sixteen years of age, in the year 1820, he 
entered Bowdoin College, at Brunswick, Me He was 
one of the most popular young men in the college. 
The purity of his moral character, the unvarying 
courtesy of his demeanor, his rank as a scholar, and 

genial nature, rendered him a universal favorite. 
There was something very peculiarly winning in his 
address, and it was evidently not in the slightest de- 
gree studied : it was the simple outgushing of his 
own magnanimous and loving nature. 

Upon graduating, in the year 1824, Franklin Pierce 
commenced the study of law in the office of Judge 
Woodbury, one of the most distinguished lawyers of 
the State, and a man of great private worth. The 
eminent social qualities of the young lawyer, his 
father's prominence as a public man, and the brilliant 
political career into which Judge Woodbury was en- 
tering, all tended to entice Mr. Pierce into the faci- 
nating yet perilous path of political life. Witii all 
the ardor of his nature he esix)used the cause of Gen. 
Jackson for the Presidency. He commenced the 
practice of law in Hillsborough, and was soon elected 
to represent the town in the State Legislature. Here 
he served for four yeais. The last two years he was 
chosen speaker of the house by a very large vote. 

In 1833, at the age of twenty-nine, he was elected 
a member of Congress. Without taking an active 
part in debates, he was faithful and laborious in duty, 
and ever rising in the estimation of those with whom 
he was associatad. 

In r837, being then but thirty-three years of age, 
he was elected to the Senate of the United States; 
taking his seat just as Mr. Van Buren commenced 
his administration. He was the youngest member in 
the Senate. In the year r834, he married Miss Jane 
Means Appleton, a lady of rare beauty and accom- 
plishments, and one admirably fitted to adorn every 

station with wliich her husband was honoied. Of the 






three sons who were born to them, all now sleep with 
their parents in the grave. 

In the year 1838, Mr. Pierce, with growing fame 
and increasing business as a lawyer, took up his 
residence in Concord, the capital of New Hampshire. 
President Polk, upon his accession to office, appointed 
Mr. Pierce attorney-general of the United States; but 
the offer was declined, in consequence of numerous 
professional engagements at home, and the precariuos 
state of Mrs. Pierce's health. He also, about the 
same time declined the nomination for governor by the 
Democratic party. 'l"he war with Mexico called Mr. 
Pierce in the army. Receiving the appointment of 
brigadier-general, he embarked, with a portion of his 
troops, at Newport, R, I., on the 27th of May, 1847. 
He took an important part in this war, proving him- 
self a brave and true soldier. 

When Gen. Pierce reached his home in his native 
State, he was received enthusiastically by the advo- 
cates of the Mexican war, and coldly by his oppo- 
nents. He resumed the practice of his profession, 
very frequently taking an active part in political (jues- 
tions, giving his cordial support to the pro-slavery 
wing of the Democratic party. The compromise 
measures met cordially with his approval; and he 
strenuously advocated the enforcement of the infa- 
mous fugitive-slave law, which so shocked the religious 
sensibilities of the North. He thus became distin- 
guished as a "Northern man with Southern principles.'' 
The strong partisans of slavery in the South conse- 
quently regarded him as a man whom they could 
safely trust in office to carry out their plans. 

On the I 2th of June, 1852, the Democratic conven- 
tion met in Baltimore to nominate a candidate for the 
Presidency. For four days they continued in session, 
and in thirty-five ballotings no one had obtained a 
two-thirds vote. Not a vote thus far had been thrown 
for Gen. Pierce. Then the Virginia delegation 
brought forward his name. There were fourteen 
more ballotings, during which Gen. Pierce constantly 
gained strength, until, at the forty-ninth ballot, he 
received two hundred and eighty-two votes, and all 
other candidates eleven. Gen. Winfield Scott was 
the Whig candidate. Gen. Pierce was chosen with 
great unanimity. Only four States — Vermont, Mas- 
sachusetts, Kentucky and Tennessee — cast their 
electoral votes against him Gen. Franklin Pieice 
was therefore inaugurated President of the United 
States on the 4th of March, 1853. 

His administration proved one of the most stormy our 
country had ever experienced. The controversy be- 
tween slavery and freedom was then approaching its 
culminating point. It became evident that there was 
an "irrepressible conflict" between them, and that 
this Nation could not long exist " half slave and half 
free." President Pierce, during the whole of his ad- 
ministration, did every thing he could to conciliate 
the South ; but it was all in vain. The conflict every 
year grew more violent, and threats of the dissolution 
of the Union were borne to the North on every South- 
ern breeze. 

Such was the condition of affairs when President 
Pierce approached the close of his four-years' term 
of office. The North had become thoroughly alien- 
ated from him. The anti-slavery sentiment, goaded 
by great outrages, had been rapidly increasing; all 
the intellectual ability and social worth of President 
Pierce were forgotten in deep reprehension of his ad- 
ministrative acts. The slaveholders of tlie South, also, 
unmindful of the fidelity with which he had advo- 
cated those measures of Government which they ap- 
proved, and perhaps, also, feeling that he had 
rendered himself so unpopular as no longer to be 
able acceptably to serve them, ungratefully dropped 
him, and nominated James Buchanan to succeed him. 

On the 4th of March, 1857, President Pierce re- 
tired to his home in Concord. Of three children, two 
had died, and his only surviving child had been 
killed before his eyes by a railroad accident ; and his 
wife, one of the most estimable and accomplished of 
ladies, was rajiidly sinking in consumption. The 
hour of dreadful gloom soon came, and he was left 
alone in the world, without wife or child. 

When the terrible Rebellion burst forth, which di- 
vided our country into two parties, and two only, Mr. 
Pierce remained steadfast in the principles which he 
had always cherished, and gave his sympathies to 
that pro-slavery ])avty with which he had ever been 
allied. He declined to do anything, either by voice 
or pen, to strengthen the hand of the National Gov- 
ernment. He continued to reside in Concord until 
the lime of his death, which occurred in October, 
1869. He was one of the most genial and social of 
men, an honored communicant of the Episcopal 
Church, and one of the kindest of neighbors. Gen- 
erous to a fault, he contiibuted libcrallv for the al- 
leviation of suffering and want, and many of his towns- 
people were often gladened by his material bounty. 






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(Z^TTtfiJ QyeydjO. 







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.; ■■ ; I'.' ti'sgiit^'^'^iit^t^'^t^'^'j gutgOl; 




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AMES BUCHANAN, the fif- 
'^teenth President of the United 
States, was born ni a small 
frontier town, at the foot of the 
eastern ridge of the Allcglia- 
nies, in Franklin Co., Penn.,on 
the 23d of April, 1791. The place 
where the humble cabin of his 
father stuod was called Stony 
Batter. It was a wild and ro- 
mantic s[X)t in a gorge of the moun- 
tains, with towering summits rising 
grandly all around. His father 
was a native of the north of Ireland ; 
a poor man, who had emigrated in 
17S3, with little property save liis 
own strong arms. Five years afterwards he married 
Elizabeth Spear, the daughter of a respectable farmer, 
and, with his young bride, plunged into the wilder- 
ness, staked his claim, reared his log-hut, opened a 
clearing with his axe, and settled down there to per- 
form his obscure part in the drama of life. In this se- 
cluded home, where James was born, he remained 
for eight years, enjoying but few social or intellectual 
advantages. When James was eight years of age, his 
father removed to the village of Mercersburg, where 
his son was placed at school, and commenced a 
course of study in English, Latin and Greek. His 
progress was rapid, and at the age of fourteen, lie 
entered Dickinson College, at Carlisle. Here he de- 
veloped remarkable talent, and took his stand among 
the first scholars in the institution. His application 
to study was intense, and yet his native powers en- 

abled him to master the most abstruse subjects with 

In the year 1S09, he graduated with the highest 
honors of his class. He was then eighteen years of 
age; tall and graceful, vigorous in health, fond of 
athletic sport, an unerring shot, and enlivened with 
an exuberant flow of animal spirits. He immediately 
commenced the study of law in the city of Lancaster, 
and was admitted to the bar in 181 2, when he was 
but twenty-one years of age. Very rapidly he rose 
in his profession, and at once took undisputed stand 
with the ablest law) ers of the State. When but 
twenty-six years of age, unaided by counsel, he suc- 
cessfully defended before the State Senate 01 e of the 
judges of the .State, who was tried upon articles of 
impeachment. At the age of thirty it was generally 
admitted that he stood at tlie licad of the bar; and 
there was no lawyer in the Stale wlio liad a more lu- 
crative practice. 

In 1820, he reluctantly consented to run as a 
candidate for Congress. He was elected, and for 
ten years he remained a memberof tlie Lower House. 
During the vacations of Congress, he occasionally 
tried some imixirtant case. In 1831, he retired 
altogether from the toils of his profession, having ac- 
quired an ample fortune. 

Gen. Jackson, upon his elevation to the Presidency, 
appointed Mr. Buchanan minister to Russia. The 
duties of his mission he performed with ability, which 
gave satisfaction to all parties. LTpon his return, in 
1833, he was elected to a seat in tlie United States 
Senate. He there met, as his associates, Webster, 
Clay, Wright and Calhoun. He advocated the meas- 
ures proposed by President Jackson, of making repri- 






sals against France, to enforce the payment of our 
claims against that country; and defended the course 
of the President in his unprecedented and wiiolesale 
removal from ofticeof those who were not the sup- 
porters of his administration. Upon this question he 
was brought into direct collision with Henry Clay. 
He also, with voice and vote, advocated expunging 
from tiie journal of the Senate the vote of censure 
against (len. Jackson for removing the de[K)sits. 
Earnestly he o|)posed the alwlition of slavery in the 
District of Cokunliia, and urged the [irohibition of the 
circulation of anti-slavery documents by the United 
States mails. 

As to petitions on tlie subject of slavery, he advo- 
cated tliat tiiey should be respectfully received; and 
tliat the re[)ly should be returned, that Congress had 
no [jower to legislate upon the suljject. " Congress," 
said he, " miglit as well undertake to interfere with 
slavery under a foreign government as in any of the 
States where it now exists." 

Upon Mr. Polk's accession to the Presidency, Mr. 
Buchanan became Secretary of State, and as such, 
took his share of the responsibility in the conduct of 
the Mexican War. Mr. Polk assumed that crossing 
the Nueces by tlie American troops into the disputed 
territory was not wrong, but for tiie Mexicans to cross 
the Rio (irande into that territory was a declaration 
of war. No candid man can read with pleasure the 
account of the course our (jovernment pursued in that 

Mr. Buchanan identified himself thoroughly with 
the party devoted to the perpetuation and extension 
of slavery, and brought all the energies of his mind 
to bear agdinst the Wilniot Proviso. He gave his 
cordial api)roval to the compromise measures of 1S50, 
which included the fugiiive-slave law. Mr. Pierce, 
upon his election to the Presidency, honored Mr. 
Buchanan with the mission to Rngland. 

In the year 1856, a national Democratic conven- 
tion nominated Mr. Buchanan for the Presidency. The 
political conflict was one of the most severe in which 
our country has ever engaged. All the friends of 
slavery were on one side; all the advocates of its re- 
striction and final abolition, on the other. Mr. Fre- 
mont, the candidate of the enemies of slavery, re- 
ceived H4 electoral votes. Mr. Buchanan received 
174, and was elected. The popular vote stood 
1,3.^0,618, for Fremont, 1,224,750 for liuchanan. On 
March 4th, 1S57, Mr. Buchanan was inaugurated. 

Mr. Buchanan was far advanced in life. Only four 
years were wanting to (ill up his threescore years and 
ten. His own friends, those with whom he had been 
allied in political principles and action for years, were 
seeking the destruction of the Ciovernment, that they 
might rear upon the ruins of our free institutions a 
nation whose corner-stone should be human slavery, 
fn this emergency, Mr. Buchanan was hopelessly be- 
wildered He could not, with his long-avowed prin- 

ciples, consistently oppose the State-rights party in 
tlieir assumptions. As President of the United States, 
bound by his oath faithfully to administer the laws, 
he could not, without perjury of the grossest kind, 
unite with those endeavoring to overthrow the repub- 
lic. He therefore did nothing. 

The opiwnents of Mr. Buchanan's administration 
nominated Abraham Luicoln as their standard bearer 
in the next Presidential canvass. The pro-slavery 
party declared, that if he were elected, and the con- 
trol of the {Government were thus taken from their 
hands, they would secede from the Union, taking 
with them, as they retired, the National Capitol at 
Washington, and the lion's share of the territory of 
the United States. 

Mr. Buchanan's sympathy with the pro-slavery 
party was such, that he had been willing to offerthem 
far more than they liad ventured to claim. All the 
South had professed to ask of the North was non- 
intervention \\\yox\ the subject of slavery. Mr. Bu- 
chanan had been ready to offer them the active co- 
operation of the Government to defend and extend 
the institution. 

As the storm increased in violence, the slaveholders 
claiming the right to secede, and Mr. Buchanan avow- 
ing that Congress had no (xiwer to prevent it, one of 
the most pitiable exhibitions of governmental im- 
becility was exhibited the world has ever seen. He 
declared that Congress had no power to enforce its 
laws in any State whicli had withdrawn, or which 
was attempting to withdraw from tiie Union. This 
was not the doctrine of Andrew Jackson, when, with 
his hand uixjn his sword hilt, he exclaimed. " The 
Union must and shall be preserved!" 

South Carolina seceded in December, i860; nearly 
three months before the inauguration of President 
Ijincoln. Mr. Buchanan looked on in listless despair. 
The rebel flag was raised in Charleston; Fort SumjMer 
was 'besieged ; our forts, navy-yards and arsenals 
were seized; our depots of military stores were plun- 
dered ; and our custom-houses and post-offices were 
appropriated by the rebels. 

The energy of the rebels, and the imbecility of our 
Executive, were alike marvelous. The Nation looked 
on in agony, waiting for the slow weeks to glide away, 
and close tlie administration, so terrible in its weak- 
ness At length the long-looked-for hour of deliver- 
ance came, wlien Abraham Lincoln was to receive the 

The administration of President Buchanan was 
certainly the most calamitous our country has ex- 
perienced. His best friends cannot recall it with 
])leasure. And still more deplorable it is for his fame, 
that in that dreadful conflict wliich rolled its billows 
of flame and blood over our whole land, no word came 
from his lips to indicate his wish that our country's 
banner should Iriuniph over the flag of the rebellion. 
He died at his Wiieatland retreat, June i, 1868, 




p^^xfs^^ <-<r^-^ 



ABRAHAM 1> ^i>f ^<|p < LINCOLN. > | 



sixteenth President of tlie 
i^.^United States, was born in 
Hardin Co., Ky., Feb. 12, 
1809. About the year 1780, a 
man l)y the name of Abraham 
Lincoln left Virginia with iiis 
e^_-'l> -S Kunily and moved into the tiien 
wilds of Kentucky. Only two years 
after this emigration, still a young 
man, while worlving one day in a 
field, was stealthily appro:; died by 
an Indian and shot dead. His widow 
was left in extreme poverty with five 
little children, three boys and two 
girls. Thomas, the youngest of the 
boys, was four years of age at his 
father's death. This Thomas was 
the father of Abraham Lincoln, the 
President of the United States 
whose name must henceforth fcever be enrolled 
with the mi;st i)rominent in the annals of our world. 
Of course no record has been kept of the life 
of one so lowly as Thomas Lincoln. He was among 
the [Xjorest of the poor. His home was a wretched 
log-cabin ; his food the coarsest and the meanest. 
Education he had none; he could never either read 
or write. As soon as he was able to do anything for 
himself, he was compelled to leave the cabin of his 
starving mother, and push out into the world, a friend- 
less, wandering boy, seeking work. He hired him- 
self out, and thus spent the whole of his youth as a 
laborer in the fields of others. 

When twenty-eight years of age he buill a log- 
cabin of his own, and married Nancy Hanks, the 
daughter of another family of poor Kentucky emi- 
grants, who had also come from Virginia. Their 
second child was ."Vbraham Ijnroln, the subject of 
this sketch. The mother of Abraham was a noble 
woman, gentle, loving, pensive, created to adorn 
a palace, doomed to toil and pine, and die in a hovel. 
"All that I am, or hope to be," exclaims the grate- 
ful son "I owe to my angel-mother. 

When he was eight years of age, his father sold his 

cabin and small farm, and moved to Indiana. Where 
two years later his mother died. 

Abraham soon l>ecame the scribe of the uneducated 
community around him. He coidd not have had a 
better school than this to teach him to put thoughts 
into words. He also became an eager reader. The 
books he could obtain were few ; but these he read 
and re-read until they were almost committed to 

As the years rolled on, the lot of this lowly family 
was the usual lot of humanity. There were joys and 
griefs, weddings and funerals. Abraham's sister 
Sarnh, to whom he was tenderly attaciied, was mar- 
ried when a child of but fourteen years of age, and 
soon died. The family was gradually scattered. Mr. 
Thomas Lincoln sold out his sipuitter's claim in 1830, 
and emigrated to Macon Co., III. 

Abraham Lincoln was then twenty-one years of age. 
With vigorous hands he aided his father in rearing 
another log-cabin. Abraham worked diligently at this 
until he saw the family comfortably settled, and their 
small lot of enclosed prairie planted with corn, when 
he announced to his father his intention to leave 
home, and to go out into the world and seek his for- 
tune. Little did he or his friends imagine how bril- 
liant that fortune was to be. He saw the value of 
education and was intensely earnest to improve his 
mind to the utmost of his power He savv the ruin 
which ardent spirits were causing, and became 
strictly temperate; refusing to allow a drop of intoxi- 
cating liquor to pass his lips. And he had read in 
God's word, "Thou shalt not take the name of the 
Lord thy God in vain ;" and a profane expression he 
was never heard to utter. Religion he revered. His 
morals were pure, and he was uncontaminated by a 
single vice. 

Young Abraham woikcd for a time as a hired laborer 
among the farmers. Then he went to Springfield, 
where he was employed in building a large flat-boat. 
In this he took a herd of swine, floated them down 
the Sangamon to the Illinois, and thence by the Mis- 
sissippi to Nevif Orleans. Whatever Abraham I>in- 
coln undertook, he performed so faithfully as to give 
great satisfaction to his employers. In this adven- 





ture his employers were so well pleased, that upon 
his return tiiey placed a store and mill under his care. 

In 1832, at the outbreak of the Black Hawk war, he 
enlisted and was chosen captain of a company. He 
returned to Sangamon County, and although only 23 
years of age, was a candidate for the Legislature, but 
was defeated. He soon after received from Andrew 
Jackson the a[)pointmentof Postmaster of New Salem, 
His only post-office was his hat. All the letters he 
received he carried there ready to deliver to those 
he chanced to meet. He studied surveying, and soon 
made this his business. In 1834 he again became a 
candidate for the Legislature, and was elected Mr. 
Stuart, of Springfield, advised him to study law. He 
walked from New Salem to Springfield, borrowed of 
Mr. Stuart a load of books, carried them back and 
began his legal studies. When the Legislature as- 
sembled he trudged on foot with his pack on his back 
one hundred miles to Vandalia, then the capital. In 
1836 he was re-elected to the Legislature. Here it 
was he first met Stephen A. Douglas. In 1839 he re- 
moved to Springfield and began the practice of law. 
His success with the jury was so great that he was 
soon engaged in almost every noted case in the circuit. 

\\\ 1854 Ihe great discussion began between Mr. 
Lincoln and Mr. Douglas, on the slavery question. 
In the organization of the Republican party in Illinois, 
in 1856, he took an active part, and at once became 
one of the leaders in that party. Mr. Lincoln's 
speeches in opposition to Senator Douglas in the con- 
test in r858 for a seat in the Senate, form a most 
notable part of his history. The issue was on the 
ilavery (luestion, and he took the broad ground of 
.he Declaration of Independence, that all men are 
created equal. Mr. Lincoln was defeated in this con- 
test, but won a far higher prize. 

The great Republican Convention met at Chicago 
on the i6th of June, i860. The delegates and 
strangers who crowded tlie city amounted to twenty- 
five thousand. An immense building called "The 
Wigwam," was reared to accommodate the Conven- 
tion. There were eleven candidates for whom votes 
were thrown. William H Seward, a man whose fame 
as a statesman had long filled the land, was the most 
nrominent. It was generally sujiposed he would l)e 
the nominee Abraham Lincoln, however, received 
the nomination on the third ballot. Little did he then 
dream of the weary years of toil and care, and tlie 
bloody death, to which that nomination doomed him: 
andasliltledid he tl ream that he was to render services 
to his country, which would fix iqion him the eyes of 
the whole civilized world, and which would give him 
a place in the affections of his countrymen, second 
only, if second, to that of Washington. 

Election day came and Mr. Lincoln received 180 
electoral votes out of 203 cast, and was, therefore, 
constitutionally elected President of the United States. 
The tirade of abuse that was [Xjured u[)on this good 


and merciful man, especially by the slaveholders, was 
greater than upon any other man ever elected to this 
liigh position. In February, 1861, Mr. Lincoln started 
for Washington, stopping in all the large cities on his 
way making speeches. The whole journey was frought 
with much danger. Many of the Southern States had 
already seceded, and several attempts at assassination 
were afterwards brought to light. A gang in Balti- 
more had arranged, upon his arrival to" get up a row," 
and in the confusion to make sure of his death with 
revolvers and hand-grenades. A detective unravelled 
the plot. A secret and special train was provided to 
take him from HarrisL'urg, through Baltimore, at an 
unexpected hour of the night. The train started at 
halt-past ten ; and to prevent any possible communi- 
cation on the part ol the Secessionists with their Con- 
federate gang in Baltimore, as soon as the train had 
started the telegraph-wires were cut. Mr. Lincoln 
reached Washington in safety and was inaugurated, 
although great anxiety was felt l)y all loyal people. 
In the selection of his cabinet Mr. Lincoln gave 
to Mr Seward the Department of State, and to other 
prominent op[)onents before the convention he gave 
important positions. 

During no other administration have the duties 
devolving upon the President been so manifold, and 
the responsibilities so great, as those which fell to 
the lot of President Lincoln. Knowing this, and 
feeling his own weakness and inability to meet, and in 
his own strength to cope with, the ditficuhies, he 
learned early to seek Divine wisdom and guidance in 
determining his |)lans, and Divine comfort in all his 
trials, lio^h |)ersonal and national Contrary to his 
own estimate of himself, Mr. Lincoln was one of the 
most courageous of men. He went directly into the 
rebel ca[)ital just as the retreating foe was leaving, 
with no guard but a few sailors. From the time he 
had left Springfield, in 1861, however, [ilans had been 
made for his assassination, and he at last fell a victim 
to one of them. Aiiril 14, 1865, he, with Gen. Grant, 
was urgently invited to attend Fords' Theater. It 
was announced that they would Le present. Gen. 
Grant, however, left the city. President Lincoln, feel- 
ing, with his characteristic kindliness of heart, that 
it would be a disappointment if he should fail them, 
very reluctantly consented to go. While listening to 
the i)lay an actor by the name of John Wilkes Booth 
entered the box where the President and family were 
seated, and fired a bullet into his lirains. He died the 
next morning at seven o'clock. 

Never before, in the history of the world was a nation 
|)lunged into such deep grief by the death of its ruler 
Strong men met in the streets and wept ih speechless 
anguish. It is not too much to say that a nation was 
in tears. His was a life which will filly become a 
model. His name as the savior of his country will 
live with that of Washington's, ils father; his country- 
men being unable to decide which is the greater. 








teenth President of the United 
States. The early life of 
Andrew Johnson contains but 
the record of poverty, destitu- 
tion and friendlessness. He 
was born December 29, 180S, 
in Raleigh, N. C. His parents, 
belonging to the class of the 
"poor whites " of the South, were 
in such circumstances, that they 
could not confer even the slight- 
est advantages of education upon 
their child. When Andrew was five 
years of age, his father accidentally 
lost his life while herorically endeavoring to save a 
friend from drowning. Until ten years of age, Andrew 
was a ragged boy about the streets, supixsrted by the 
labor of his mother, who obtained her living with 
her own hands. 

He then, having never attended a school one day, 
and being unable either to read or write, was ap- 
prenticed to a tailor in his native town. A gentleman 
was in the habit of going to the tailor's shop occasion- 
ally, and reading to the boys at work there. He often 
read from the speechesof distinguished British states- 
men. Andrew, who was endowed with a mind of more 
than ordinary native ability, became much interested 
in these speeches ; his ambition was roused, and he 
was inspired with a strong desire to learn to read. 

He accordingly applied himself to the alphabet, and 
with the assistance of some of his fellow- workmen, 
learned his letters. He then called upon the gentle- 
man to borrow the book of speeches. The owner. 

pleased with his zeal, not only gave him the bciok, 
but assisted him in learning to combine the letters 
into words. Under such difficulties he pressed on- 
ward laboriously, spending usually ten or twelve hours 
at work in the shop, and then robbing himself of rest 
and recreation to devote such time as he could to 

He went to Tennessee in 1826, and located at 
Greenville, where he married a young lady who pos- 
sessed some education. Under her instructions he 
learned to write and cipher. He became prominent 
in the village debating society, and a favorite with 
the students of Greenville College. In 1828, he or- 
ganized a working man's party, which elected him 
alderman, and in 1830 elected him mayor, which 
position he held three years. 

He now began to take a lively interest in political 
affairs; identifying himself with the working-classes, 
to which he belonged. In 1835, he was elected a 
member of the House of Representatives of Tennes- 
see. He was then just twenty-seven years of age. 
He became a very active member of the legislature, 
gave his adhesion to the Democratic party, and in 
1840 "stumped the State," advocating Martin Van 
Buren's claims to the Presidency, in opposition to those 
of Gen. Harrison. In this campaign he acquired much 
readiness as a speaker, and extended and increased 
his reputation. 

In 1841, he was elected State Senator; in 1843, he 
was elected a member of Congress, and by successive 
elections, held that important jx)st for ten years. In 
1853, he was elected Governor of Tennessee, and 
was re-elected in 1855. In all these res])onsible posi 
tions, he discharged his duties with distinguished abil 







ity, and proved himself the warm friend of the work- 
ing classes. In 1857, Mr. Johnson was elected 
United States Senator. 

Years before, in 1845, he had warmly advocated 
the annexation of Texas, stating however, as his 
reason, that he thought this annexation would prob- 
ably prove " to be the gateway out of which the sable 
sons of Africa are to pass from bondage to freedom, 
and become merged in a population congenial to 
themselves." In 1850, he also supported the com- 
promise measures, the two essential features of which 
were, that the white people of the Territories should 
be permitted to decide for themselves whether they 
would enslave the colored people or not, and that 
the free States of the North should return to the 
South persons who attempted to escape from slavery. 

Mr. Johnson was neverashamedof his lowly origin: 
on the contrary, he often took pride in avowing that 
he owed his distinction to his own exertions. "Sir,'" 
said he on the floor of the Senate, " I do not forget 
that I am a mechanic ; neither do I forget that Adam 
was a tailor and sewed fig-leaves, and that our Sav- 
ior was the son of a carpenter." 

In the Charleston- Baltimore convention of i860, he 
was the choice of the Tennessee Democrats for the 
Presidency. In 186 i, when the purpose of the South- 
ern Democracy became apparent, he took a decided 
stand ill favor of the Union, and held that " slavery 
must be held subordinate to the Union at whatever 
cost." He returned to Tennessee, and repeatedly 
imperiled liis own life to protect the Unionists of 
Tennesee. Tennessee having seceded from the 
Union, President Lincoln, on March 4th, 1862, a[)- 
pointed liim Military Governor of the State, and he 
established the most stringent military rule. His 
numerous proclamations attracted wide attention. In 

1864, he was elected Vice-President of the United 
States, and ujxjn the death of Mr. Lincoln, April 15, 

1865, became President. In a speech two days later 
he said, "The American people must be taught, if 
they do not already feel, that treason is a crime and 
must be punished ; that the Government will not 
always bear with its enemies; that it is strong not 
only to protect, but to punish. * * Tlie people 
must understand that it (treason) is the blackest of 
crimes, and will surely l)e punished." Yet his whole 
administration, the history of which is so well known, 
was in utter itKonslstency with, and the most violent 

opiX)sition to, the principles laid down in that speech. 

In his loose policy of reconstruction and general 
amnesty, he was opposed by Congress ; and he char- 
acterized Congress as a new rebellion, and lawlessly 
defied it, in everything possible, to the utmost. In 
the beginnirig of 1868, on account of "high crimes 
and misdemeanors," the principal of which was the 
removal of Secretary Stanton, in violation of the Ten- 
ure of Office Act, articles of impeachment were pre- 
ferred against him, and the trial began March 23. 

It was very tedious, continuing for nearly three 
months. A test article of the impeachment was at 
length submitted to the court for its action. It was 
certain that as the court voted upon that article so 
would it vote upon all. Thirty-four voices pronounced 
the President guilty. As a two-thirds vote was neces- 
sary to his condemnation, he was pronounced ac- 
quitted, notwithstanding the great majority against 
him. The change of one vote from the 7wt guilty 
side would have sustained the impeachment. 

The President, for the remainder of his term, was 
but little regarded. He continued, though imiKitently, 
his conflict with Congress. His own party did not 
think it expedient to renominate him for the Presi- 
dency. The Nation rallied, with enthusiasm unpar- 
alleled since the days of Washington, around the name 
of Gen. Grant. Andrew Johnson was forgotten. 
The bullet of the assassin introduced him to the 
President's chair. Notwithstanding tliis, never was 
there presented to a man a better opixjrtunity to im- 
mortalize his nam.e, and to win the gratitude of a 
nation. He failed utterly. He retired to his home 
in Greenville, Tenn., taking no very active part in 
politics until 1875. On Jan. 26, after an exciting 
struggle, he was chosen by the Legislature of Ten- 
nessee, United States Senator in the fortj'-fourth Con- 
gress, and took his seat in that body, at the special 
session convened by President Grant, on the 5 th of 
March. On the 27th of July, 1875, the ex-President 
made a visit to his daughter's home, near Carter 
Station, Tcnn. When he started on his journey, he was 
apparently in his usual vigorous health, but on reach- 
ing the residence of his child the following day, was 
stricken with paralysis, rendering him unconscious. 
He rallied occasionally, but finally passed away at 
2 .\. M., July 31, aged sixty-seven years. His fun- 
eral was attended at Geenville, on the 3d of August, 
with every demonstration of respect. 









eighteenth President of the 
^United States, was born on 
the 29th of April, 1822, of 
Christian parents, in a humble 
l^4y home, at Point Pleasant, on the 
banks of the Ohio. Shortly after 
his father moved to George- 
town, Brown Co., O. In this re- 
mote frontier hamlet, Ulysses 
received a common-school edu- 
cation. At the age of seven- 
teen, in the year 1839, he entered 
the Military Academy at West 
I Point. Here he was regarded as a 
solid, sensible young man of fair abilities, and of 
sturdy, honest character. He took respectable rank 
as a scholar. In June, 1843, he graduated, about the 
middle in his class, and was sent as lieutenant of in- 
fantry to one of the distant military [x^sts in the Mis- 
souri Territory. Two years he past in these dreary 
solitudes, watching the vagabond and exasperating 

The war with Mexico came. Lieut. Grant was 
sent with his regiment to Corpus Christi. His first 
battle was at Palo Alto. There was no chance here 
for the e.i»liibition of either skill or heroism, nor at 
Resaca de la Palma, his second battle. At the battle 
of Monterey, his third engagement, it is said that 
he performed a signal service of daring and skillful 
horsemanship. His brigade had exhausted its am- 
munition. A messenger must be sent for more, along 
a route exposed to the bullets of the foe. Lieut. 
Grant, adopting an expedient learned of the Indians, 
grasped the mane of his horse, and hanging upon one 
side of the anifoa.!, ran the gauntlet in entire safety. 


From Monterey he was sent, with the fourth infantry, 
to aid Gen. Scott, at the siege of Vera Cruz. In 
prepararion for the march to the city of Mexico, he 
was appointed quartermaster of his regiment. At the 
battle of Molino del Rey, he was promoted to a 
first lieutenancy, and was brevetted captain at Cha- 

At the close of the Mexican War, Capt. Grant re- 
turned with his regiment to New York, and was again 
sent to one of the military posts on the frontier. The 
discovery of gold in California causing an immense 
tide of emigration to flow to the Pacific shores, Capt. 
Grant was sent with a battalion to Fort Dallas, in 
Oregon, for the protection of the interests of the im- 
migrants. Life was wearisome in those wilds. Capt. 
Grant resigned his commission and returned to the 
States ; and having married, entered upon the cultiva- 
tion of a small farm near St. Louis, Mo. He had but 
little skill as a farmer. Finding his toil not re- 
munerative, he turned to mercantile life, entering into 
the leather business, with a younger brother, at Ga- 
lena, 111. This was in the year i860. As the tidings 
of the rebels firing on Fort Sumpter reached the ears 
of Capt. Grant in his counting-room, he said, — 
"Uncle Sam has educated me for the army; though 
I have served him through one war, I do not feel that 
I have yet repaid the debt. I am still ready to discharge 
my obligations. I shall therefore buckle on my sword 
and see Uncle Sam through this war too." 

He went into the streets, raised a company of vol- 
unteers, and led them as their captain to Springfield, 
the capital of the State, where their services were 
offered to Gov. Yates. The Governor, impressed by 
the zeal and straightforward executive ability of Capt. 
Grant, gave him a desk in his office, to assist in the 
volunteer organization that was being formed in the 
State in behalf of the Government. On the 15th of 








June, 1 86 1, Capt. Grant received a commission as 
Colonel of the Twenty-first Regiment of Illinois Vol- 
unteers. His merits as a West Point graduate, who 
had served for 15 years in the regular army, were such 
that he was soon promoted to the rank of Brigadier- 
General and was i)laced in command at Cairo. The 
rebels raised their banner at Paducah, near the mouth 
of the Tennessee River. Scarcely had its folds ap- 
peared in the breeze ere Gen. Grant was there. The 
rebels fled. Their banner fell, and the star and 
stripes were unfurled in its stead. 

He entered the service with great determination 
and immediately began active duty. This was the be- 
ginning, and until the surrender of Lee at Richmond 
he was ever pushing the enemy with great vigor and 
effectiveness. At Belmont, a few days later, he sur- 
prised and routed the rebels, then at Fort Henry 
won another victory. Then came the brilliant fight 
at Fort Donelson. The nation was electrified by the 
victory, and the brave leader of the boys in blue was 
immediately made a Major-General, and the military 
jistrict of Tennessee was assigned to him. 

Like all great captains. Gen. Grant knew well how 
to secure the results of victory. He immediately 
pushed on to the enemies' lines. Then came the 
terrible battles of Pittsburg Landing, Corinth, and the 
siege of Vicksburg, where Gen. Pemberton made an 
unconditional surrender of the city with over thirty 
thousand men and one-hundred and seventy-two can- 
non. The fall of Vicksburg was by far the most 
severe blow wliicli the rebels had thus far encountered, 
and opened up the Mississip[)i from Cairo to the Gulf. 

Gen. CJrant was next ordered to co-operate with 
Gen. Banks in a movement upon Texas, and pro- 
ceeded to New Orleans, where he was thrown from 
his horse, and received severe injuries, from which he 
was laid up for months. He then rushed to the aid 
of Gens. Rosecrans and Tliomas at Chattanooga, and 
by a wonderful series of strategic and technical meas- 
ures put tlie Union Army in fighting condition. Then 
followed tile bloody battles at Chattanooga, Lookout 
Mountain and Missionary Ridge, in which the rebels 
were routed with great loss. This won for him un- 
bounded praise in the North. On the 4th of Febru- 
ary, 1864, Congress revived the grade of lieutenant- 
general, and the rank was conferred on Gen. Grant. 
He repaired to Washington to receive his credentials 
and enter upon the duties of his new office. 

Gen. Grant decided as soon as he took charge of 
the army to concentrate the widely-dispersed National 
troops for an attack upon Richmond, the nominal 
capital of the Rebellion, and endeavor there to de- 
stroy the rebel armies which would be promptly as- 
sembled from all quarters for its defence. The whole 
continent seemed to tremble under the tramp of these 
majestic armies, rushing to the decisive battle field. 
Steamers were crowded with troops. Railway trains 
were burdened with closely packed thousands. His 
plans were comprehensive and involved a series of 
campaigns, which were executed with remarkable en- 
ergy and ability, and were consummated at the sur- 
render of Lee, April 9, 1865. 

The war was ended. The Union was saved. The 
almost unanimous voice of the Nation declared Gen. 
Grant to be the most prominent instrument in its sal- 
vation. The eminent services he had thus rendered 
tlie country brought him conspicuously forward as the 
Republican candidate for the Presidential cliair. 

At the Republican Convention held at Chicago, 
May 21, 1868, he was unanimously nominated for the 
Presidency, and at the autunni election received a 
majority of the popular vote, and 214 out of 294 
electoral votes. 

The National Convention of the Republican party 
which met at Philadelphia on the 5th of June, 1872, 
placed Gen. Grant in nomination for a second tenn 
by a unanimous vote. The selection was emjihati- 
cally indorsed by the people five months l.Uer, 292 
electoral votes being cast for him. 

Soon after the close of his second term, Gen. Grant 
started upon his famous trip around the world. He 
visited almost every country of the civilized world, 
and was everywhere received with such ovations 
and demonstrations of respect and honor, private 
as well as public and official, as were never before 
bestowed upon any citizen of the United States. 

He was the most prominent candidate before the 
Republican National Convention in 1S80 for a re- 
nomination fijr President. He went to New York and 
enil)arked in the brokerage business under the firm 
nanieof Grant & Ward. The latter proved a villain, 
wrecked Grant's fortune, and for larceny was sent to 
the penitentiary. The General was attacked with 
cancer in the throat, but suffered in his stoic-like 
manner, never complaining. He was re-instated as 
(leneral of the Army and retired by Congress. The 
cancer soon finished its deadly work, and July 23, 
1885, the nation went in mourning over the death of 
the illustrious General. 



I A 










the nineteenth President of 
the United States, was born in 
Delaware, O., Oct. 4, 1822, al- 
most three months after the 
'^ death of his father, Rutherford 
^g Hayes. His ancestry on both 
the paternal and maternal sides, 
was of the most honorable char- 
acter. It can be traced, it is said, 
as far back as 1280, when Hayes and 
Rutherford were two Scottish chief- 
tains, fighting side by side with 
Baliol, William Wallace and Robert 
Bruce. Both families belonged to the 
nobility, owned extensive estates, 
and had a large following. Misfor- 
tune overtaking the family, George Hayes left Scot- 
land in 1680, and settled in Windsor, Conn. His son 
George was born in Windsor, and remained there 
during his life. Daniel Hayes, son of the latter, mar- 
ried Sarah Lee, and lived from the time of his mar- 
riage until his death in Simsbury, Conn. Ezekiel, 
son of Daniel, was born in 1724, and was a manufac- 
turer of scythes at Bradford, Conn. Rutherford Hayes, 
son of Ezekiel and grandfather of President Hayes, was 
born in New Haven, in August, 1756. He was a farmer, 
blacksmith and tavern-keeper. He emigrated to 
Vermont at an unknown date, settling in Brattleboro, 
where he established a hotel. Here his son Ruth- 
erford Hayes the father of President Hayes, was 

born. He was married, in September, 1813, to Sophia 
Birchard, of Wilmington, Vt., whose ancestors emi- 
grated tiiither from Connecticut, they having been 
among the wealthiest and best famlies of Norwich. 
Her ancestry on the male side are traced back to 
1635, to John Birchard, one of the principal founders 
of Norwich. Both of her grandfathers were soldiers 
in the Revolutionary War. 

The father of President Hayes was an industrious, 
frugal and opened-hearted man. He was of a me- 
chanical turn, and could mend a plow, knit a stock- 
ing, or do almost anything else that he choose to 
undertake. He was a member of the Church, active 
in all the benevolent enterprises of the town, and con- 
ducted his business on Christian principles. After 
the close of the war of 1812, for reasons inexplicable 
to his neighbors, he resolved to emigrate to Ohio. 

The journey from Vermont to Ohio in that day, 
when there were no canals, steamers, nor railways, 
was a very serious affair. A tour of inspection was 
first made, occupying four months. Mr. Hayes deter- 
mined to move to Delaware, where the family arrived 
in 1817. He died July 22, 1822, a victim of malarial 
fever, less than three months before the birth of the 
son, of whom we now write. Mrs. Hayes, in her sore be- 
reavement, found the support she so much needed in 
her brother Sardis, who had been a member of the 
household from the day of its departure from Ver- 
mont, and in an orphan girl whom she had adopted 
some time before as an act of charity. 

Mrs. Hayes at this period was very weak, and the 






subject of this sketch was so feeble at birth that he 
was not expected to live beyond a month or two at 
most. As the months went by he grew weaker and 
weaker, so that the neighbors were in the habit of in- 
quiring from time to time " if Mrs. Hayes' baby died 
last night." On one occasion a neighbor, who was on 
familiar terms with the family, after alluding to the 
boy's big head, and the mother's assiduous care of 
him, said in a bantering way, " That's right! Stick to 
him. You have got him along so far, and I shouldn't 
wonder if he would really come to something yet." 

" You need not laugh," said Mrs. Hayes. "You 
wait and see. You can't tell but I shall make him 
President of the United States yet." The boy lived, 
in spite of the universal predictions of his speedy 
death; and when, in 1825, his older brother was 
drowned, he became, if possible, still dearer to his 

The boy was seven years old before he went to 
school. His education, however, was not neglected. 
He probably learned as much from his mother and 
sister as he would have done at school. His sports 
were almost wholly within doors, his playmates being 
his sister and her associates. These circumstances 
tended, no doui)t, to foster that gentleness of dis|X)- 
sition, and that delicate consideration for the feelings 
of others, which are marked traits of his character. 

His uncle Sardis Birchard took the deepest interest 
in his education ; and as the boy's health- KatJ >ni-' 
proved, and he was making good progres^'jj^ijbjs 
studies, he proix)sed to send him to college. His pre'- 
paration commenced with a tutor at home; b;it he 
was afterwards sent for one year to a professq^ in tti.e 
^Vesleyan University, in Middletown, Conn. .'Heeij?^,- 
tered Kenyon College in 1838, at the age of sixt'e^i^j- 
and was graduated at the head of his class in 1842. 

Immediately after his graduation he began the 
study of law in the office of Thomas Sparrow, Esq., 
in Columbus. Finding his opportunities for study in 
Columbus somewhat limited, he determined to enter 
the I^aw School at Cambridge, Mass., where he re- 
mained two years. 

In 1845, after graduatmg at the Law School, he was 
admitted to the bar at Marietta, Ohio, and shortly 
afterward went into practice as an attorney-at-law 
witli Ralph P. Buckland, of Fremont. Here he re- 
mained three years, acquiring but a limited i)ractice, 
and apparently unambitious of distinction in his jiro- 

In 1849 he moved to Cincmnati, where his ambi- 
tion found a new stimulus. For several years, how- 
ever, his i)rogress was slow. Two events, occurring at 
this jieriod, had a powerful influence upon his subse- 
([uent life. One of these was his marrage with Miss 
Lucy Ware Webb, daughter of Dr. James Wcbl), of 
Ciiilicothe; the other was his introduction to the Cin- 
cinnati Literary C'lub, a body embracing among its 
members such meri as'^hief Justice Salmon P, Chase, 

Gen. John Pope, Gov. Edward F. Noyes, and many 
others hardly less distinguished in after life. The 
marriage was a fortunate one in every respect, as 
everybody knows. Not one of all the wives of our 
Presidents was more universally admired, reverenced 
and beloved than was Mrs. Hayes, and no one did 
more than she to reflect honor upon American woman- 
hood. The Literary Cluu brought Mr. Hayes into 
constant association with young men of high char- 
acter and noble aims, and lured him to display the 
qualities so long hidden by his bashfulness and 

In 1856 he was nominated to the office of Judge of 
the Court of Common Pleas; but he declined to ac- 
cept the nomination. Two years later, the office of 
city solicitor becoming vacant, the City Council 
elected him for the unexpired term. 

In 1861, when the Rebellion broke out, he was at 
the zenith of his prolessional life. His rank at the 
bar was among the the first. But the news of the 
attack on P'ort Sumpter found him eager to take up 
arms for the defense of his countr)-. 

His military record was bright ar.d illustrious. In 
October, 186 1, he was made Lieutenant-Colonel, and 
in August, 1862, promoted Colonel of the 79th Ohio 
regiment, but he refused to leave his old comrades 
and go among strangers. Subsequently, however, he 
was made Colonel of his old regiment. At the battle 
of.South Mountain he received a wound, and while 
/a.intand bleeding disjjlayed courage and fortitude 
tjiai.'.won admiration from all. 

"Col. Haves was detached from his regiment, after 
his recovery, to act as Brigadier-General, and placed 
' ttTc-command of the celebrated Kanawlia division, 
.'■aftd-for;gallant and meritorious services in tlie battles 
ofWinchester, Fisher's Hill and Cedar Creek, he was 
promoted Brigadier-General. He was also brevetted 
Major-General, "forgallant and distinguished fcrvices 
during the campaigns of rS64, in West Virginia." In 
the course of his arduous services, four horses were 
shot from under him, and he was wounded four times. 

In 1864, Gen. Hayes was elected to Congress, from 
the Second Ohio District, which had long been Dem- 
ocratic. He was not present during tlie campaign, 
and after his election was importuned lo resign his 
commission in the army ; but he finally declared, " I 
shall never coine to Wasliington until I can come by 
the way of Richmond." He was re-elected in 1866. 

\v. 1867, Gen Hayes was elected Governor of Ohio, 
over Hon. .Mien G. Thurman, a popular Democrat. 
In 1869 was re-elected over George H. Pendleton. 
He elected Governor for the third term in 1875. 

In 1S76 he was the standard bearer of the Repub- 
lican Party in the Presidential contest, and after a 
hard long contest was chosen President, and was in 
augurated Monday, March 5, 1S75. He served his 
full term, not, hcwever, with satisfaction to his party, 
but his admin'stration was an average op? 

_»► ■ < 



%£- ^^^'''' 




I Ji^MUl ii, ©ARFIEiLER., I 

'/i* -^ ,„ ,„ i% 

tieth President of the United 
States, was born Nov. 19, 
1S31, in the woods of Orange, 
Cuyahoga Co., O His par- 
ents were Abram and Ehza 
(Ballou) Garfield, both of New 
England ancestry and from fami- 
lies well known in the early his- 
tory of that section of our coun- 
try, but had moved to the Western 
Reserve, in Ohio, early in its settle- 

The house in which James A. was 
born was not unlike the houses of 
poor Ohio farmers of that day. It 
was about 20x30 feet, built of logs, with the spaces be- 
tween the logs filled with clay. His father was a 
hard working farmer, and he soon had his fields 
cleared, an orchard planted, and a log barn built. 
The household comprised the father and mother and 
their four children — Mehetabel, Thomas, Mary and 
James. In May, 1823, the father, from a cold con- 
tracted in helping to put out a forest fire, died. At 
this time James was about eighteen months old, and 
Thomas about ten years old. No one, perhaps, can 
tell how much James was indebted to his biother's 
toil and self-sacrifice during the twenty years suc- 
ceeding his father's death, but undoubtedly very 
much. He now lives in Michigan, and the two sis- 
ters live in Solon, O., near their birthplace. 

The early educational advantages young Garfield 
enjoyed were very limited, yet he made the most of 
them. He labored at farm work for others, did car- 
penter work, chopped wood, or did anything that 
would bring in a few dollars to aid his widowed 
piother in he' strijggles to keep the little family to- 
-«• — — 

gether. Nor was Gen. Garfield ever ashamed of his 
origin, and he never forgot the friends of his strug- 
gling childhood, youth and manhood, neither did they 
ever forget him. When in the highest seats of honor, 
the humblest fiiend of his boyhood was as kindly 
greeted as ever. The jworest laborer was sureof the 
sympathy of one who had known all the bitterness 
of want and the sweetness of bread earned by the 
sweat of the brow. He was ever the simple, plain, 
modest gentleman. 

The highest ambition of young Garfield until he 
was about si.xteen years old was to be a captain of 
a vessel on Lake Erie. He was anxious to go aboard 
a vessel, wliich his mother strongly opposed. She 
finally consented to his going to Cleveland, with the 
understanding, however, that he sliould try to obtain 
some other kind of employment. He walked all the 
way to Cleveland. This was his first visit to the city. 
After making many applications for work, and trying 
to get aboard a lake vessel, and not meeting with 
success, he engaged as a driver for his cousin, Amos 
Letcher, on tlie Ohio & Pennsylvania Canal. He re- 
mained at this work but a short time when he went 
home, and attended the seminary at Chester for 
about three years, when he entered Hiram and the 
Eclectic Institute, teaching a few terms of school in 
tlie meantime, and doing other work. This school 
was started by the Disciples of Christ in 1850, of 
which church he was then a member. He became 
janitor and bell-ringer in order to help pay his way. 
He then became both teacher and pupil. He soon 
" exhausted Hiram " and needed more ; hence, in the 
fall of 1854, he entered Williams College, from which 
he graduated in 1856, taking one of the highest hon- 
ors of his class. He afterwards returned to Hiram 
College as its President. As above slated, he early 
united with the Christian or Diciples Church at 
Hiram, and was ever after a devoted, zealous mem- 
ber, often preaching in its pulpit and places where 
he happened to be. Dr. Noah Porter, President of 
Yale College, says of him in reference to his religion ; 



"^ nl. <# 

" President Garfield was more than a man of 
strong moral and religious convictions. His whole 
history, from boyhood to the last, shows that duty to 
man and to God, and devotion to Christ and life and 
faith and spiritual commission were controlling springs 
of his being, and to a more than usual degree. In 
my judgment there is no more interesting feature of 
his character than his loyal allegiance to the body of 
Cliristians in which he was trained, and the fervent 
sympathy which he ever showed in their Christian 
communion. Not many of the few 'wise and mighty 
and noble who are called' show a similar loyalty to 
the less stately and cultured Christian communions 
in which they have been reared. Too often it is true 
that as they step upward in social and political sig- 
nificance they step upward from one degree to 
another in some of the many types of fashionable 
Christianity. President Garfield adhered to the 
church of his mother, the church in which he was 
trained, and in wliich he served as a pillar and an 
evangelist, and yet with the largest and most unsec- 
larian charity for all 'who loveour Lord in sincerity.'" 

Mr. Garfield was united in marriage with Miss 
Lucretia Rudolph, Nov. 11, 1858, who proved herself 
worthy as the wife of one whom all the world loved and 
mourned. To them were born seven children, five of 
whom are still living, four boys and one girl. 

Mr. Garfield made his first political speeches in 1 85 6, 
in Hiram and the neighboring villages, and three 
years later he began to speak at county mass-meet- 
ings, and became the favorite speaker wherever he 
was. During this year he was elected to the Ohio 
Senate. He also began to study law at Cleveland, 
and in i86i was admitted to the bar. The great 
Rebellion broke out in the early part of this year, 
and Mr. Garfield at once resolved to fight as he had 
talked, and enlisted to defend the old flag. He re- 
ceived his commission as I^ieut. -Colonel of the Forty- 
second Regiment of Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Aug. 
14, 1861. He was immediately put into active ser- 
vice, and before he had ever seen a gun fired in action, 
was placed in command of four regiments of infantr)' 
and eight companies of cavalry, charged with the 
work of driving out of his native State the officer 
(Humphrey Mirsliall) reputed to be the ablest of 
those, not educated to war whom Kentucky had given 
to the Rebellion. This work was bravely and speed- 
ily accomplisiied, although against great odds. Pres- 
ident Lincoln, on his success commissioned him 
Brigadier-General, Jan. 10, 1862; and as "he had 
been the youngest man in the Ohio Senate two years 
before, so now he was the youngest General in the 
army." He was with Gen. Buell's army at Shiloh, 
in its operations around Corinth and its march through 
Alabama. He was then detailed as a memberof the 
General Coutt-Martial for the trial of Gen. Fitz-Iohn 
Porter. He was then ordered to rejwrt to Gen. Rose- 
crans, and was assigned to the "Chief of Staff." 

The military Wstory of Gen. Garfield closed with 


his brilliant services at Chickamauga, where he won 
the stars of the Major-General. 

Without an effort on his part Gen. Garfield was 
elected to Congress in the fall of 1862 from the 
Nineteenth District of Ohio. This section of Ohio 
had been represented in Congress for si.xty years 
mainly by two men — Elisha Whittlesey and Joshua 
R. Giddings. It was not without a struggle that he 
resigned his place in the army. At the time he en- 
tered Congress he was the youngest member in that 
body. There he remained by successive re- 
elections until he was elected President in 1880. 
Of his labors in Congress Senator Hoar says : " Since 
the year 1864 you cannot think of a question wiiich 
has been debated in Congress, or discussed before a 
tribunel of the American people, in regard to which 
you will not find, if you wish mstruction, the argu- 
ment on one side stated, in almost every instance 
better than by anybody else, in some speech made in 
the House of Representatives or on the hustings by 
Mr. Garfield." 

UiX)n Jan. 14, 1880, Gen. Garfield was elected to 
the U. S. Senate, and on the eighth of June, of tiie 
same year, was nominated as the candidate of his 
party for President at the great Chicago Convention. 
He was elected in the following November, and on 
March 4, 1881, was inaugurated. Probably no ad- 
ministration ever opened its existence under brighter 
auspices than that of President Garfield, and every 
day it grew in favo; with the people, and by the first 
of July he had completed all the initiatory and pre- 
liminary work of his administration and was prepar- 
ing to leave the city to meet his friends at Williams 
College. Wliile on liis way and at the depot, in com- 
pany with Secretary Blaine, a man stepped behind 
him, drew a revolver, and fired directly at his back. 
The President tottered and fell, and as he did so the 
assassin fired a second shot, the bullet cutting the 
left coat sleeve of his victim, Init in.Ticting no further 
injury. It has been very truthfully said that this was 
" the shot that was heard round the world " Never 
liefore in the history of the Nation had anything oc- 
curred wiiich so nearly froze the blood of the people 
for tlie moment, as this awful deed. He was smit- 
ten on the brightest, gladdest day of all his life, and 
was at the summit of his ]X)wer and hope. For eighty 
days, all during the hot months of July and August, 
he lingered and suffered. He, however, remained 
master of himself till the last, and by his magnificent 
bearing was teaching the country and the world the 
noblest of human lessons — how to live grandly in the 
very clutch of death. Great in life, he was surpass- 
ingly great in death. He passed serenely away Sept. 
19, 1883, at Elbcron, N. J , on the very bank of the 
ocean, where he had been taken shortly i>revious. The 
world wept at his death, as it never had done on the 
death of any other man w ho had ever lived ujion it. 
The murderer was duly tried, found guilty and exe- 
cuted, in one year after he committed the foul deed. 









twenty-first Presi'^.^iiL of the 

'United States was born in 

Franklin Cour ty, Vermont, on 

g^ ^ . ,,,^ ,,.^-,^ the fifthofOc'obcr, 1830, andis 

^^'^■..■h';|r the oldest of a family of two 

^ ^ '"■ - ^ J sons and five daughters. His 

father was the Rev. Dr. William 

Ar':hur, a Baptist c'.rgyman, who 

emigrated to tb.s country from 

the county Antrim, Ireland, in 

his 1 8th year, and died in 1875, in 

Newtonville, n^ai Albany, after a 

long and successful ministry. 

Young Arthur was educated at 
Union College, S( henectady, where 
he excelled in all his studies. Af- 
ter his graduation he taught school 
1^ in Vermont for two years, and at 
*£> the e.xpiration of that time came to 
New York, with $500 in his pocket, 
and entered the office of ex-Judge 
E. D. Culver as student. After 
I being admitted to the bar he formed 
a partnership with his intimate friend and room-mate, 
Henry D. Gardiner, with the intention of practicing 
in the West, and for three months they roamed about 
in the Western States in search of an eligible site, 
but in the end returned to New York, where they 
hung out their shingle, and entered upon a success- 
ful career almost from the start. General Arthur 
soon afterward niaxr'pd the daughter of Lieutenant 

Herndon, of the United States Navy, who was lost at 
sea. Congress voted a gold medal to his widow in 
recognition of the bravery he displayed on that occa- 
sion. Mrs. Arthur died shortly before Mr. Arthur's 
nomination to the Vice Presidency, leaving two 

Gen. Arthur obtained considerable legal celebrity 
in his first great case, the famous Lemmon suit, 
brought to recover possession of eight slaves who had 
been declared free by Judge Paine, of the Superior 
Court of New York City. It was in 1852 that Jon, 
athan Lemmon, of Virginia, went to New York with 
his slaves, intending to ship them to Texas, when 
they were discovered and freed. The Judge decided 
that they could not be held by the owner under the 
Fugitive Slave Law. A howl of rage went up from 
the South, and the Virginia Legislature authorized the 
Attorney General of that State to assist in an appeal. 
Wm. M. Evarts and Chester A. Arthur were employed 
to represent the People, and they won their case, 
which then went to the Supreme Court of the United 
States. Charles O'Conor here espoused the cause 
of the slave-holders, but he too was beaten by Messrs. 
Evarts and Arthur, and a long step was taken toward 
the emancipation of the black race. 

Another great service was rendered by General 
Arthur in the same cause in 1856. Lizzie Jennings, 
a respectable colored woman, was put off a Fourth 
Avenue car with violence after she had paid her fare. 
General Arthur sued on her behalf, and secured a 
verdict of $500 damages. The next day the compa- 
ny issued an order to admit colored persons to ride 
on their cars, and the other car companies quickly 







followed their example. Before that the Sixth Ave- 
nue Company ran a few special cars for colored per- 
sons and the other lines refused to let them ride at all. 

General Arthur was a delegate to the Convention 
at Saratoga that founded the Republican party. 
Previous to the war he was Judge-Advocate of the 
Second Brigade of the State of New York, and Gov- 
ernor Morgan, of that State, apiX)inted hun Engineer- 
in-Chief of his staff. In 1861, he was made Inspec- 
tor General, and soon afterward became Quartermas- 
ter-General. In each of these offices he rendered 
great service to the Government during the war. At 
the end of Governor Morgan's term he resumed the 
practice of the lavv, forming a partnership with Mr. 
Ransom, and then Mr. Phelps, the District Attorney 
of New Yoik, was added to the firm. The legal prac- 
tioe of this well-known firm was very large and lucra- 
tive, each of the gentlemen composing it were able 
lawyers, and possessed a splendid local reputation, if 
not indeed one of national extent. 

He always took a leading part in State and city 
politics. He was appointed Collector of the Port of 
New York by President Grant, Nov. 21 1872, to suc- 
ceed Thomas Murphy, and held the office until July, 
20, 1878, when he was succeeded by Collector Merritt. 

Mr. Arthur was nominated on the Presidential 
ticket, with Gen. James A. Garfield, at the famous 
National Republican Convention held at Chicago in 
June, t88o. This was perhaps the greatest political 
convention that ever assembled on the continent. It 
was composed of the leading politicians of the Re- 
publican party, all able men, and each stood firm and 
fought vigorously and with signal tenacity for their 
respective candidates that were before the conven- 
tion for the nomination. Finally Gen. Garfield re- 
ceived the nomination for President and Gen. Arthur 
for Vice-President. The campaign which followed 
was one of the most animated known in the history of 
our country. Gen. Hancock, the standard-bearer of 
tlie Democratic party, was a popular man, and his 
party made a valiant fight for his election. 

Finally the election came and the country's choice 
was Garfield and Arthur. They were inaugurated 
March 4, i88r, as President and Vice-President. 
A few months only had passed ere the newly chosen 
President was the victim of the assassin's bullet. Then 
came terrible weeks of suffering, — -those moments of 
anxious suspense, when the hearts of all civilized na- 

tions were throbbing in unison, longing for the re- 
covery of the noble, the good President. The remark- 
able patience that he manifested during those hours 
and weeks, and even months, of the most terrible suf- 
fering man has often been called upon to endure, was 
seemingly more than human. It was certainly God- 
like. During all tliis period of deepest anxiety Mr. 
Arthur's every move was watched, and be it said to his 
credit that his every action displayed only an earnest 
desire that the suffering Garfield might recover, to 
serve the remainder of the term he had so auspi- 
ciously begun. Not a selfish feeling was manifested 
in deed or look of this man, even though the most 
honored jxisition in the world was at any moment 
likely to fall to him. 

At last God in his mercy relieved President Gar- 
field from further suffering, and the world, as never 
before in its history over the death of any other 
man, wept at his bier. Then it became the duty of 
the Vice President to assume the responsibilities of 
the high office, and he took the oath in New York, 
Sept. 20, 1881. The [xisition was an embarrassing 
one to him, made doubly so from the facts that all 
eyes were on him, anxious to know what he would do, 
what policy he would pursue, and who he would se- 
lect as advisers. The duties of the office had been 
greatly neglected during the President's long illness, 
and many important measures were to be immediately 
decided by him ; and still farther to embarrass him he 
did not fail to realize under what circumstances he 
became President, and knew the feelings of many on 
this point. Under these trying circumstances President 
Arthur took the reins of the Government in !iis own 
hands; and, as embarrassing as were the condition of 
affairs, he happily surprised the nation, acting so 
wisely that but few criticised his administration. 
He served the nation well and faithfully, until the 
close of his administration, March 4, 1S85, and was 
a popular candidate before his party for a second 
term. His name was ably presented before the con- 
vention at Chicago, and was received with great 
favor, and doubtless but for the personal popularity 
of one of tile opposing candidates, he would have 
been selected as the standard-bearer of his party 
for another campaign. He retired to private life car- 
rying with him the best wishes of the American peo- 
ple, whom he had served in a manner satisfactory 
to them and with credit to himself. 


'y^tZy/^ C/^Ayc//iAy^<-£l 



)r0^er ®lei3elHttfi.> 





LAN D, the twenty- second Pres- 
ident of the United States, was 
born in 1837, in the obscure 
town of Caldwell, Essex Co., 
N. J., and in a little two-and-a- 
half-story white house which is still 
standing, characteristically to mark 
the humble birth-place of one of 
America's great men in striking con- 
trast with the Old World, where all 
men high in office must be high in 
origin and born in the cradle of 
wealth. When the subject of this 
sketch was three years of age, his 
father, who was a Presbyterian min- 
ister, with a large family and a small salary, moved, 
by way of the Hudson River and Erie Canal, to 
Fayetteville, in search of an increased income and a 
larger field of work. Fayetteville was then the most 
straggling of country villages, about five miles from 
Pompey Hill, where Governor Seymour was bora. 

At the last mentioned place young Grover com- 
menced going to school in the "good, old-fashioned 
way," and presumably distinguished himself after the 
manner of all village boys, in doing the things he 
ought not to do. Such is the distinguishing trait of 
all geniuses and independent thinkers. When he 
arrived at the age of 14 years, he had outgrown the 
capacity of the village school and expressed a most 

emphatic desire to be sent to an academy. To this 
his father decidedly objected. Academies in those 
days cost money; besides, his father wanted him to 
become self-supporting by the quickest possible 
means, and this at that time in Fayetteville seemed 
to be a position in a country store, where his father 
and the large family on his hands had considerable 
influence. Grover was to be paid $50 for his services 
llie first year, and if he proved trustworthy he was to 
receive $roo the second year. Here the lad com- 
menced his career as salesman, and in two years he 
had earned so good a reputation for trustworthiness 
that his employers desired to retain him for an in- 
definite length of time. Otherwise he did not ex- 
hibit as yet any particular " flashes of genius " or 
eccentricities of talent. He was simply a good boy. 
But instead of remaining with this firm in Fayette- 
ville, he went with the family in their removal to 
Clinton, where he had an opportunity of attending a 
high school. Here he industriously pursued his 
studies until the family removed with him to a point 
on Black River known as the " Holland Patent," a 
village of 500 or 600 people, 15 miles north of Utica, 
N. Y. At this place his father died, after preaching 
but three Sundays. This event broke up the family, 
and Grover set out for New York City to accept, at a 
small salary, the position of " under-teacher " in an 
asylum for the blind. He taught faithfully for two 
years, and although he obtained a good reputation in 
this capacity, he concluded that teaching was not his 


"^ ► ^ ' 



calling for life, and, reversing the traditional order, 
he left the city to seek his fortune, instead of going 
to a city. He first thought of Cleveland, Ohio, as 
there was some charm in that name for him; but 
before proceeding to that place he went to Buffalo to 
isk the advice of his uncle, Lewis F. Allan, a noted 
stock-breeder of that place. The latter did not 
speak enthusiastically. "What is it you want to do, 
my boy?" he asked. "Well, sir, I want to study 
law," was the reply. " Good gracious ! " remarked 
the old gentleman; "do you, indeed ? What ever put 
that into your head? How much money have you 
got?" "Well, sir, to tell the truth, I haven't got 

After a long consultation, his uncle offered him a 
place temporarily as assistant herd-keeper, at $50 a 
year, w'nile he could "look around." One day soon 
afterward he boldly walked into the office of Rogers, 
Bowen & Rogers, of Buffalo, and told them what he 
wanted. A number of young men were already en- 
gaged in the office, but Grover's persistency won, and 
he was finally permitted to come as an office boy and 
have the use of the law library, for the nominal sum 
of $3 or $4 a week. Out of this he had to pay for 
his board and washing. Tiie walk to and from his 
uncle's was a long and rugged one; and, although 
the first winter was a memorably severe one, his 
shoes were out of repair and his overcoat — he had 
none — yet he was nevertheless prompt and regular. 
On the first day of his service here, his senior em- 
ployer threw down a copy of Blackstone before him 
with a bang that made the dust fly, saying "That's 
where they all begin." A titter ran around the little 
circle of clerks and students, as they thought that 
was enough to scare young Grover out of his plans ; 
but indue time he mastered that cumbersome volume. 
Then, as ever afterward, however, Mr. Cleveland 
exhibited a talent for executiveness rather than for 
chasing principles through all their metaphysical 
l»ssibilities. " Let us (juit talking and go and do 
it," was practically his motto. 

The first public office to which Mr. Cleveland was 
elected was that of Sheriff of Erie Co., N. Y., in 
which Buffalo is situated; and in such capacity it fell 
to his duty to inflict capital punishment upon two 
criminals. In i88r he was elected Mayor of the 
City of Buffalo, on tlie Democratic ticket, with es- 
pecial reference to the bringing about certain reforms 

in the administration of the municipal affairs of that 
city. In this office, as well as that of Sheriff, his 
performance of duty has generally been considered 
fair, with possibly a few exceptions which were fer- 
reted out and magnified during the last Presidential 
campaign. As a specimen of his plain language in 
a veto message, we quote from one vetoing an iniqui- 
tous street-cleaning contract: "This is a time for 
plain speech, and my objection to your action shall 
be plainly stated. I regard it as the culmination of 
a mos bare-faced, impudent and shameless scheme 
to betray the interests of the people and to worse 
than squander the people's money." The New York 
Sun afterward very highly commended Mr. Cleve- 
land's administration as Mayor of Buffalo, and there- 
upon recommended him for Governor of the Empire 
State. To the latter office he was elected in 1882, 
and his administration of the affairs of State was 
generally satisfactory. The mistakes he made, if 
any, were made very public throughout the nation 
after he was nominated for President of the United 
States. For this high office he was nominated July 
II, 1884, by the National Democratic Convention at 
Chicago, when other competitors were Thomas F. 
Bayard, Roswell P. Flower, Thomas A. Hendricks, 
Benjamin F. Butler, Allen G. Thurman, etc.; and he 
i^as elected by the people, by a majority of about a 
thousand, over the brilliant and long-tried Repub- 
lican statesman, James G. Blaine. President Cleve- 
land resigned his office as Governor of New York in 
January, 18S5, in order to prepare for his duties as 
the Ciiief Executive of the United States, in which 
capacity his term commenced at noon on the 4th of 
March, 18S5. For his Cabinet officers he selected 
the following gentlemen; For Secretary of State, 
Thomas F. Bayard, of Delaware ; Secretary of the 
Treasury, Daniel Manning, of New York ; Secretary 
of War, William C. Endicott, of Massachusetts; 
Secretary of the Navy, William C. Whitney, of New 
York; Secretary of the Interior, L. Q. C. Lamar, cf 
Mississippi; Postmaster-General, William F. Vilas, 
of Wisconsin; Attorney-General, A. H. Garland, of 

The silver question precipitated a controversy be- 
tween those who were in favor of the continuance of 
silver coinage and those who were opposed, Mr. 
Cleveland answering for the latter, even before his 












- or>o 


NSEL BRIGG8, the first 
gentleman chosen to fill the 
i>iibernatori;il chiih- of Iowa 
after its organization as a 
State, was a native of Ver- 
mont, and was born Vch. 3, 
180G. His parents, who likewise 
were New Engianders, were Ben- 
jamin and pjlecta Briggs. Tlie 
boyhood of our subject was 
passed in his native State, and in at- 
tendance upon the common schools 
he received a fair education which 
was subsequently improved by a 
term at Norwich Academy. When 
a young man he removed with his 
parents to Cambridge, (Juernsey Co., Ohio, where 
young Briggs engaged in the- work of establishing 
stage lines. He also here embai'ked in political 
affairs and as a Whig run for the <jttice of County 
Auditor but was defeated by John Ferguson, a 
Jackson Democrat. 

After remaining in Ohio for six years, tiie glow- 
ing accounts of the fair fields and the fertile prairies 
of the Territory of Iowa, led him westward across 
the Father of W.aters. He had previously united 
his fortunes in life with Nancy M. Dunlap, daugh- 
ter of Major Dunlap, an officer in the War of 1K12. 
Even prior to this marriage he had chosen a wife, 
a lady who was born on the same day and 3' ear as 
himself, but of whom he was soon liereft. He 
l)rought with him to Iowa his little famil}^ and lo- 
cated at Andrew, in Jackson County. Seeing tlie 

•^f* — — 

opportunity here for resuming his former business, 
he began opening up stage lines, frequently driving 
the old stage coach himself. He made several con- 
tracts with the FostolHce Department for carrying 
the United States mails weekly between Dubuque 
and Davenport, Dubuque .and Iowa City and other 
routes, thus opening up and carrying on a very im- 
portant enterprise. Folitically, Gov. Briggs was a 
Democrat, and on coming to Iowa identified him- 
self with that party. In 1842 he was chosen a 
member of the Territorial House of Representatives 
from .Tackson County, and subsequently was elected 
Sheriff of the same county. He had taken a lead- 
ing part- in public affairs, and upon the formation of 
the State Government in 184(5, he became a prom- 
inent candidate for Governor, and though his com- 
petitors in his own party were distinguished and 
well-known citizens, Mr. Briggs received the nom- 
ination. The convention was held in Iowa City, 
on Thursday, Sept. 24, 184G, and assembled to 
nominate State ofllcers and two Congressmen. It called to order by F. D. Mills, of Des Moines 
County. William Thompson, of Henry County, 
presided, and J. T. Fales, of Dubuque, was Secre- 
tarj'. Tho vote for Governor in the convention 
stood: Briggs, sixty-two; Jesse AVilliams, thii'ty- 
two, and William Thompson, thirty-one. The two 
latter withdrew, and Briggs was then cliojen by ac- 
clamation. Elisha CUitler, Jr., of Van Buren Coun- 
ty, was nominated for Secretary of State; Joseph 
T. Fales, of Linn, for Auditor, and Morgan Reno, 
of .Johnson, for Treasurer. S. C. Hastings and 
Sheperd Lefller were nominated for Congress. The 


i 112 


election was held Oct. 28, 184G, the entire Demo- 
cratic ticket being successful. Briggs received 
7,02<) votes and his coinju'titdr, Thomas McKnight, 
the Wliig canditlate, 7,37'J, giving Briggs a major- 
ity of 247. 

The in-ineipal questi(m lietween the two leading 
parties, the Democratic and the AViiig, at this period, 
was that of tlie Ijanking system. It is related that 
I short time prior ti) the meeting of the conven- 
Jion which nominated Mr. Briggs, tliat in offering 
I toast at a banquet, he struck tlie key-note wliicli 
made him the pt)pular man of the iiour. He said, 
"No banks l)ut earth and they well tilled." This 
was at once caught up by his party and it did more 
to secure him the nomination than anything else. 
His administration was one void of any special in- 
terest. He labored in harmonious accord with his 
party, yet frequently exhibited an independence of 
principle, characteristic of his nature. The Mis- 
souri boundai-y question which caused a great deal 
of excited controversy at this period, and even a 
determination to resort to arms, was handled by 
him with great ability. 

On his election as Executive of the State, Gov. 
Briggs sold out his mail contract, but after the ex- 
piration of his term of service he continued his 
residence in Jackson Countv. In ls70 he removed 
to Council Bluffs. He had visited the western^ 
part of the State before the day of railroads in that 
section, making the trip by carriage. On the occa- 
sion he enrolled liimself as one of the founders of 
the town of Florence on the Nebraska side of tlie 
river and six miles above Council Bluffs, and which 
for a time was a vigorous rival of Omaha. Dur- 
ing the mining excitement, in 18(50, he made a trip 
to Colorado, and tluce years later, in conqjany 
with his son John and a large party, went to 
Montana, where he remained until the ^ear 

1865, when he returned to his home in Iowa. 
As above stated, Gov. Briggs was twice married, 
his first wife being his companii>n for a brief time 
only. His second wife bore him eight chiklren, all 
of whom died in infancy save two, and of these lat- 
ter, Ansel, Jr., died May 15, 1867, aged twenty- 
five years. John S. Briggs, the only survivor of 
the family, is editor of the Idaho Herald. pul)lished 
at Blackfoot, Idaho Territory. Mrs. Briggs died 
Dec. 30, 1847, while her husband was Governor of 
the State. She was a devoted Christian lady, a 
strict member of the Presbyterian Church, and a 
woman of strong domestic tastes. She was highly- 
educated, and endowed by nature with that 
womanly t,act and grace which enabled her to adorn 
the high position her husband had attained. 
She dispensed a bounteous hospitality, though her 
li(nne was in a log house, and was highly esteemed 
and admired by all who met her. 

Gov. Briggs went in and out among his peoi)le 
for m.any j'cars after his retirement from the execu- 
tive ollice, and even after his return from tlie Mon- 
taivi expedition. He was admired for his able 
>"eL"tit«;s rendered so unselfishly during the pioneer 
lJt^'4f')d'tift.,the now great and populous State. His 
last''fifti)e.'5^f'>iJceration of the stomach, was of brief 
■.jluratiiTii, histiug only five weeks, indeed oulj' three 
•^liiys liefol'^ius Yle.ith he able to be out. His 
""Tj^'BiiStt occurml .at the residence of his son, John 
S. Bnggs, ill (bnaha. Neb., at lialf-past three of the 
iiioniing"of ■May ;■>, 1881. His death was greatl}- 
niourned''all over the .State. Upon the following 
day, (iov. (iear issued a proclamation reciting his 
services to the State, ordering half-hour guns to be 
fired and the national flag on the State capitol to 
he pnl :il halt'-niast during the day upon which 
the fuin'ial was held, whii'h was the following .Sun- 
day succeeding his death. 


y^ ji^^f^-^:^:^ 





ond Governoi' of Iowa, is a 
native of Connecticut, where, 
at New London, he was born 
Oct. 1, 1812. He resided in 
that State witli his pai'ents 
nntil 1828, when the family 
came West, locating upon a farm 
near Saint Louis. This was the 
liome of j'oung Stephen until 1830, 
when he went to (ialena. 111., where 
he served in the capacity of a clerk 
in a commission house for a time, 
lie was there during the exciting 
period of the Black Hawk troubles, 
and was an officer in an artillery 
company which had been organized for the protec- 
tion of Galena. After the defeat of Black Hawk 
and the consequent termination of Indian troubles, 
he entered the Illinois College at Jacksonville, 
where he remained for about two years. On ac- 
count of difficulties which he got into about 
sectarianism and abolitionism, he left the college 
and returned to Missouri. He shortly afterward 
entered the office of Charles S. Hempstead, a prom- 
inent lawyer of Galena, and Itegan the study of the 
profession in which he afterward became quite pro- 

ficient. In 1836 he was admitted to practice in all 
the courts of the Territory of Wisconsin, which at 
the time embraced the Territory of Iowa, and the 
same j'ear located at Dubuque, being the first law- 
yer who began the practice of his profession at that 

As might be expected in a territory but thinly 
populated, but one which was rapidly settling up, 
the services of an able attorney would be in de- 
mand in order to draft the laws. Upon the organ- 
ization of the Territorial Government of Iowa in 
1838, he was, with Gen. Warner Lewis, elected to 
represent the northern portion of the Territory in 
the Legislative Council, which assembled in Bur- 
lington that year. He was Chairman of the Com- 
mittee Judiciary, and at the second session of that 
body was elected its President. He was again 
elected a member of the Council, in 1845, over 
which he also presided. In 1844 he was elected 
one of the delegates of Dubuque County, for the 
first convention to frame a constitution for the 
State. In 1848, in company with Judge Cnarles 
Mason and W. G. Woodward, he was appointed 
by the Legislature Commissioner to revise the laws 
of the State, which revision, with a few amend- 
ments, was adopted as the code of Iowa in 1851. 

In 1850 Mr. Hempstead was elected Governor of 


■•► M - 






the State, and served with ability for four years, 
that being the full term under the Constitution at 
the time. He received 13,480 votes against 11,- 
403 east for his opponent, James L. Thompson. 
After the vote had been canvassed a committee 
was appointed to inform the Governor-elect that 
the two Houses of the Legislature were ready to re- 
ceive him in joint convention, in order that he 
might receive the oath prescribed by the Constitu- 
tion. Gov. Hempstead, accompanied by the retir- 
ing Executive, Gov. Briggs, the Judges of the Su- 
preme Court and the officers of State, entered the 
hall of the House where the Governor-elect deliv- 
ered his inaugural message, after which the oath 
was administered by the Chief Justice of the Su- 
preme Court. This was an important period in the 
history of the State, being at a time when the pub- 
lic affairs were assuming definite shape, and indeed 
it was what might be termed the foi-mative period. 
The session of the Legislature passed many import- 
ant acts which were approved Ijy the Governor, and 
during his term there were fifty-two new counties 
formed. Gov. Hempstead in his message to the 
Fourth General Assembly in December, ISfli, 
stated that among other things, the population of 
the State according to the Federal census was 192,- 
214, and that the State census showed an increase 
for one year of 37,786. He also stated that the re- 
sources of the State for the coming two years 
would 1)6 sufficient to cancel all that yiavt of funded 
debt which was payable at its option. 

Among the numerous counties organized was one 
named Buncombe, which received its name in the 
following way : The Legislature was composed of a 
large majority favcn'ing stringent corporation laws 
and the liability of individual stockholders for cor- 
parate debts. This sentiment, on account of the 
agitation of I'ailroad enterprises then lieing inaugu- 
rated, brought a large number of prominent men 
to the capital. To have an effect upon the Legis- 
lature, they organized a "lobby l^egislature" and 
elected as (Jovcrnor, \'er|)lank \'an Antwerp, who 
delivered 1<> tlie seU'-cDnstitutcd body a lengthy 
message in vvlii( li lie sharpl}- criticized the regular 
General Assi'inbly. Some of the members of the 
latter were in the habit of making long and useful 
speeches much to the hindrance of business. To 


these he especially referred, charging them with 
speaking for "Buncombe," and recommended that 
as a lasting memorial a county should lie called Ijy 
that name. This suggestion wa.s readily seized on 
by the Legislature, and the count.y of Binieombe 
was created with few dissenting voices. However, 
the Cieneral Assembly', in 1S02, changed the name 
to Lj'on, in honor of Gen. Nathaniel Lyon who was 
killed in the early part of the Civil War. 

The season of 1851 was one of great disappoint- 
ment to the pioneers of Iowa, and much suffering 
was the result of the bad season ot that j'ear. By 
the year 1854, the State had fully recovered fi'om 
the depression thus produced, and that year as well 
as the following, tlie emigration from the East was 
unprecedented. The i)rairies of Illinois were lined 
day after day with a continuous cai'avan of emi- 
grants pushing on toward Iowa. During a single 
month 1743 wagons bound for Iowa passed through 
Peoria.' So remarkable had been the influx of peo- 
ple into the State, that in an issue of the Burling- 
ton Teler/raph appeared the following statement: 
"Twenty thousand emigrants iiave passed through 
the city witliin the last thirty days, and they are 
still crossing the Mississippi at the rate of 600 a day." 

At the expiration of his term of service, which 
occurred in the latter part of the year 1854, Gov. 
Hempstead returned to his old home at Dubuque. 
In 1855 he was elected Count}- Judge of Dul)U(pie 
County, and S(j acceptably did he serve the peoi)le 
that for twelve years he was chosen to fill that posi- 
tion. Under his administration tlic princii)al 
county l)uilding, including the jail, pourliouse, as 
well as some valuable bridges, were erected. 
Owing to ill-health he was c<(m|)elled to I'etire from 
])ublic life, |)assing the reniaimler of his days in 
quietude and repose at Dubuque. Tluic lie lived 
until Feb. 16, 1883, when, at his home, the light of 
his long and evenffnl life went out. Tlic iccord 
he has made, wliicli was an iioMor;ililc and distin- 
guished one, was closed, and Iowa was called upon 
to mourn the loss of one of lier most distinguished 
pioneer citizens. He had Ijeen an unusually useful 
man of the State and his services, wiiich were able 
and wise, were rendered in that unselfish spirit 
which distinguished so many of the early residents 
of this now prosperous State. 


„ LENOX ^N0 



e4.-7 z> 







gfedSaas^ ■•>*sa 




third gentleman to fill the 
Executive Chair of the State 
jf Iowa, was born in the 
town of Deering, Hillsbor- 
ough Co., N. H., Oct. 20, 
1816. His parents, John and 
Elizabeth (Wilson) Grimes, were 
also natives of the same town. 
'fe The former was born on the 11th 
of August, 1772, and the motlior 
March 19,1773. They became the 
jiarents of eight children, of whom 
James was the youngest and be- 
came one of the most distinguished 
citizens of Iowa. He attended the 
district schools, and in early childhood evinced an 
unusual taste for learning. Besides attending the 
district schools, the village pastor instructed him 
in Greek and Latin. After completing his prepar- 
ations for college, which he did at Hampton Acad- 
emy, he entered Dai-tmouth College, in August, 
1832, which was in the sixteenth year of his age. 
He was a hard student, advanced rapidly, and in 
February, 1835, bid adieu to the college halls, and 
with James Walker, of Peterborough, N. H., he be- 
gan tb"- study of his chosen profession. 

Feeling that his native State afforded too limited 
advantages, and, in fact, being of a ratlier advent- 
urous disposition, as well as ambitious, he desired 
liroader fields in whicli to carve for himself a fort- 
une. He accordingly left the home that had 
sheltered him during his boyhood da\'s, and turn- 
ing liis face Westward proceede<l until he had 
crossed the great Father of Waters. It was in 
1836, and J'oung Grimes was indeed young to thus 
take upon himself such responsibilities; but pos- 
sessing business tact, determination and tenacity, 
as well as an excellent professional training, he de- 
termined to open an office in the then new town of 
Burlington, Iowa. Here he hung out his shingle, 
and ere long had establislied a reputation which 
extended far beyond the confines of the little city. 

In April, 1837, he was appointed City Solicitor, 
and entering upon the duties of that office he 
assisted in drawing up the first police laws of that 
town. In 1838 he was appointed Justice of the 
Peace, and became a law partner of William W. 
Chapman, United States District Attorney for 
Wisconsin Territory. In the early part of the year 
1841 he formed a partnership with Henry W. Starr, 
Esq., which continued twelve years. This firm 
stood at the head of the legal profession in Iowa. 
Mr. Grimes was widely known as a counselor with 







superior knowledge of the law, and with a clear 
sense of truth and justice. He was chosen one of 
the Representatives of Des Moines County in the 
first Legislative Assembly of the Territory of Iowa, 
which convened at Burlington, Nov. 1-2, 1838; in 
the sixth, at Iowa City, Dec. 4, 1843; and in the 
fourth General Assembly of the State, at Iowa City, 
Dec. 6, 1852. He carlj' took front rank among the 
public men of Iowa. He was Chairman of the 
Judiciary Committee in the House of Representa- 
tives of the first Legislative Assembly of the Ter- 
ritory, and aU laws for the new Territory passed 
through his hands. 

Mr. Grimes had liecome prominently identified 
with the Whig party, and being distinguished as an 
able lawyer, as well as a fair-minded, conscientious 
man, he was a prominent candidate for Governor 
before the convention which met in Februar}', 1854. 
It was the largest convention of that party ever 
held in Iowa and the last. He was clKjsen as a nom- 
inee for Governor, was duly elected, and in Decem- 
ber, 1854, assumed the duties of the office. Shortly 
after his election it was projjosed that he should go 
to the United States Senate, but he gave his;.rvd-. 
mirers to understand that he was determined ^iig 'fill 
the term of office for which he had been chosen! 
This he did, serving the full term to tlie entire sat- 
isfaction of all parties. He was a faithful . phrty 
leader, and so able were his services that, while at 
the time of his election as Governor Democracy 
reigned supreme in the State and its representatives 
in Congi'css were allied to the slave jiower, he 
turned the State over to the Republican party. 

His term of office expired Jan. 14, 1858, when 
he retired from the Executive Chair, only, how- 
ever, to assume the responsibilities of a United 
States Senator. Upon the 4th of March of the fol- 
lowing year he took his se:it in the Senate and was 
placed upon the C(jnimittee on Naval Affairs, upon 
which he remained during his Senatorial career, 
serving as Cliairman of tliat important committee 
from December, 18()4. Jan. IG, IStJi, Mr. Grinies 
was again chosen to represent Iowa in the Senate 
of the United States, receiving all l)ut six of the 
votes of the General Assemljly in joint convention. 

His counsel was often sought in matters of great 
moment, and in cases of peculiar difficulty. Al- 

ways ready to promote the welfare of the State, he 
gave, unsolicited, land worth $6,000 to the Congre- 
gational College, at Grinnell. It constitutes the 
" Grimes foundation," and " is to be applied to the 
establishment and maintenance in Iowa College, 
forever, of four scholarships, to be awarded b}' the 
Trustees, on the recommendation of the faculty, to 
the best scholars, and the most prcjniising, in any 
department, who may need and seek such aid, and 
without any regard to the religious tenets or opin- 
ions entertained by any person seeking cither of 
said scholarships." These terms were imposed bj' 
Mr. Grimes, and assumed Jul}' 20. 1865, bj- the 
Trustees. He received the honorary degree of 
LL.D. in 1865 from Dartmouth College, and also 
from Iowa College. He also aided in founding a 
public library in Burlington, donating §5,000, which 
was expended in the purchase of costlj- books, and 
subsequently sent from Europe 256 volumes in the 
German l.angu.ige, and also contributed 600 vol- 
umes of public documents. 

In January, 1869, he made a donation of s.'j.OOO 
to Dartmouth College, and ^l.dOdto the -'Social 
Friend," a literarv society of v.hich he was a mem- 
• ber-whcn in college. 
. itis health failing, ]Mr. Grimes sailed for Europe, 
April ' 14, 1869, remaining abroad two years, 
reaching home Sept. 22, 1871, apparently in im- 

:■ proved health and sjiirits. In November he cele- 

■ brate'd his silver wedding, and spent the closing 
months of his life with his family. He voted at 
the city election, Feb. 5, 1872. and was suddenly 
.attacked with severe pains in the region of the 
heart, and died after a few short hours of intense 

Senator Grimes was united in marriage at Hur- 
lington, la., Nov. 9, 1846, with Miss Sarah Elizabeth 
Neally. Mr. Grimes stood in the foremost ranks 
among the men of his time, not only in the Strife 

! but of tlie nation. I'he young attorncx nlio left 
the granite hills of New IIanii>shire for tlie fertile 
prairies of the "West, distinguislied himself both as 

I an attorney and a statesman. His personal history 
is so inseparably interwoven in th;it of the history 
of the State that a sketch of his life is indeed but a 
record of the history of his adopted State during 

I the years of his manhood and vigor. 



















f ALPH P. LOWE, tho fourth 
Governor of the State of 
Iowa, was born in Ohio in 
the year 1808, and like many 
others of tlic distinguished 
men of Iowa, eanie witliin her 
'll^^'jv. borders in early pioneer 
times. lie was a young man 
but a little over thirty years 
of age when he crossed the great 
Father of Waters, settling upon its 
western bank at the then small vill- 
age of Muscatine. He at once 
identified himself with the interests 
of the growing city, and ere long 
became quite prominent in local 
affairs and of recognized ability in 
questions of public policy. He was shortly after- 
ward chosen as a representative from Muscatme 
County to the Constitutional Convention of 1 844, 
which framed the Constitution which was rejected 
by the people. 

After this cf institutional convention, Mr. Lowe 
took no further part in pulilic matters for a num- 
ber of years. He removed to Lee County about 
1849 or '.50, where he became District Judge as a 
successor to George H. Williams, who was after- 
ward famous as President Grant's Attorney Gen- 
eral. He was District Judge five j-ears, from 1852 
to 1857, being succeeded by Judge Claggett. In 
the summer of 1857 he was nominated by the Re- 
publicans for Ciovenior of Iowa, with Oran Faville 
for Lieutenaut-Governor. The Democracy put in 

the field Benjamin M. Samuels for Governor and 
George Gillaspj- for Lieutenant-Governor. There 
was a third ticket in the field, supported liy the 
American or " Know-Nothing " party, and bearing 
the names of T. F. Henry and Easton Morris. 
The election was held in October, 1857, and gave 
Mr. Lowe 38,498 votes, against 36,088 for Mr. 
Samuels, and 1,000 for Mr. Ilenrj'. 

Hitherto the term of office had been four years, 
Imt by an amendment to the Constitution this was 
now reduced to two. Gov. Lowe was inaug- 
urated Jan. 14, 1858, and at once sent his first 
message to the Legislatui-e. Among the measures 
passed by this Legislature were bills to incorporate 
the State Bank of Iowa ; to provide for an agi'icult- 
ural college ; to authorize the business of banking ; 
disposing of the land grant made by Congress to 
the Des Moines Valley Railroad; to provide for 
the erection <:)f an institution for the education of 
the blind, and to provide for taking a State census. 

No events of importance occiu-red during the 
administration of Gov. Lowe, but it was not a 
period of uninterrupted prosperity. The Governor 
said in his biennial message of Jan. 10, 1860, 
reviewing the preceeding two years: "The period 
that has elapsed since the last Ijiennial session has 
been one of great disturbing causes, and of airxious 
solicitude to all classes of our fellow-citizens. The 
first year of this jjeriod was visited with heavy and 
continuous rains, which reduced the measure of 
our field crops below one-half of the usual jjroduct, 
whilst the financial revulsion which commenced 
upon the Atlantic coast in the autumn of 1857, did 






not reach its climax for evil in our borders until 
the year just past." 

He referred at length to the claim of the State 
against the Federal Government, and said that he 
had appealed in vain t<j the Secretary of the Lite- 
rior for the payment of the j per cent upon the 
military land warrants that the State is justly en- 
titled to, which then approximated to a million of 
dollars. The payment of this fund, he said, "is 
not a mere favor which is asked of the General 
CJovernment, hut a subsisting right which could be 
enforced in a court of justice, were there a tribunal 
of this kind clothed with the requisite jurisdiction." 

The subject of the Des Moines River gi-ant re- 
ceived from the Governor special attention, and he 
gave a history of the operations of the State author- 
ities in reference to obtaining the residue of the 
lands to which the State was entitled, and other in- 
formation as to the progress of the work. He also 
remarked " that under the act authorizing the (iov- 
ernor to raise a company of mountetl men for de- 
fense and protection of our frontier, approved 
Fel). 9, 1858, a company of thiity such men, known 
as the Frontier Guards, armed and equipped as re- 
quired, were organized and mustered into service 
under the command of Capt. Henry B. Martin, of 
Webster City, about the 1st of March then follow- 
ing, and were divided into two companies, one 
stationed on the Little Sioux River, the other at 
Spirit Lake. Their jjresencc afforded securitj' and 
gave quiet to the settlements in that region, and 
after a service of four months they were disbanded. 

" Late iu the fall of the year, however, great 

alarm and consternation was again felt in the 
region of Spirit Lake and Sioux River settlements, 
produced by the api)earance of large numbers of 
Indians on the liorder, whose bearing was insolent 
and menacing, and who were charged with clan- 
destinely running off the stock of the settlers. 
The most urgent appeals came from these settlers, 
invoking again the protection of the State. From 
reiiresentations made of the imminence of their 
danger and the losses already sustained, the Gov- 
ernor summoned into the field once more the 
frontier guards. After a service of four or five 
months they were again discharged, and i)aid in the 
manner prescrilied in the act under which thej^ were 
called out." 

Gov. Lowe was beaten for the renomination 
1)y Hon. S. J. Kirkwood, who was considered 
much the stronger man. To compensate him for 
his defeat for the second term, Gov. Lowe 
was apj)ointed one of the three Judges under the 
new Constitution. He drew the short term, which 
expired in 18G1, but was returned and served, all 
told, eight years. He then returned to the j)rac- 
tice of law, graduall}' working into a claim busi- 
ness at Washington, to which city he removed 
about 1874. In that city he died, on Saturday, 
Dec. 22, 18is;!. He had a large family. Carleton, 
one of his sims, was an officer in the Third Iowa 
Cavalry during the war. 

Gov. Lowe was a man of detail, accurate and 
industrious. In private and public life he was 
pure, upright and honest. In religious faith he 
was inclined to be a bpuitualist. 







mi^Mwoedo | 

V ' "^i?*' 

HE fifth Governor of Iowa 
was Samuel J. Kirkwood. 
lie was bom in Hartford 
County, Md., on his father's 
farm, Dee. 20, 1813. His 
father was twice married, 
first to a lady named Coulson, 
who became the nu)ther of tw( > 
sons. After the death of this 
companion, the elder Kirkwood 
was united in marriage with 
JNIary Alexander, who bore him 
three children, all of whom were 
sons. Of this little family Samuel 
was the youngest, and when ten 
years of age was sent to Washington City to at- 
tend a school taught by John McLeod, a relative of 
the family. Here he remained for four years, giv- 
ing diligent attention to his studies, at the close of 
which time he entered a drug store at Washington 
as clerk. In this capacity he continued with the 
exception of eighteen months, until he reached his 
majority. During the interval referred to, .young 
Kirkwood was living the life of a i)edagogue in 
York County, Pa. 

In the year 1835, Samuel quit AVashington .and 
came westward to Richland County', Ohio. His 
father and brother had preceded him from Mary- 
land, locating upon a timbered farm in the Buckeye 
State. Here Samuel lent them valuable assistance 
in clearing the farm. He was ambitious to enter 
1 f the legal profession, and in the year 1841, an oppor- 

tunity was afforded him to enter the ofl^ce of 
Thomas W. Bartley, afterward fJovernor of Ohio. 
The following two years he gave diligent applica- 
tion to his books, and in 1843, was admitted to 
pr.actice by the Supreme Court of Ohio. He was 
then fortunate enough to form an association in 
the practice of his profession with his former pre- 
ceptor, which relatii>ns continued for eigiit years. 

From 1845 to 1849 he served as Prosecuting 
Attorney of his county. In 1849 he was elected 
as a Democrat to represent his county and district 
in the Constitutional Convention. In 1851 Mr. 
Bartley, his partner, having been elected to the 
Supreme Judiciary of the State, Kirkwood formed 
a partnership with Barna])as Barns, ^vith whom he 
continued to practice until the spring of 1855, 
when he removed to the West. 

Up to 1854 Ml". Kirkwood had .acted with the 
Democratic party. But the measures proposed and 
sustained that year Ijy the Democracy in Congress, 
concentrated in what was known as the Kansas- 
Nebraska Act, drove him with hosts of anti-slavery 
Democrats out of the party. He besought l>y 
the opposition in the "Richland District" to be- 
come their candidate for Congress, but declined. 
In 1855 he came to Iowa and settled two miles 
northwest of Iowa City, entering into a partnership 
with his brother-in-law, Ezekiel Cl.ark, in the mill- 
ing business, and kept .aloof from public affairs. 
He could not long conceal his record and abilities 
from his neighbors, however, and in 1856 he was 
elected to the State Senate from the district com- 







posed of the counties of Iowa and Johnson, and 
served in the last session of the Legislatnre lield at 
Iowa City and the first one held at Des Moines. 

In 18")',) Jlr. Kirivwood was made the standard- 
bearer of the Kei)ul)lieans of Iowa, and though he 
had as able and popular a competitor as Gen. A. 
C. D(jdge, he was elected Governor of Iowa by a 
ni.ajority of over 3,000. He was inaugurated Jan. 
11, 1860. Before the expiration of his first term 
came the great Civil "War. As Governor, during 
the darkest daj's of the Rebellion, he performed an 
exceedingly important duty. He secured a prompt 
response by volunteers to all reqiiisitions by the 
Federal Government on the State for troops, so 
that during his Governorship no "draft" took 
place in Iowa, and no regiment, except the first, 
enlisted for less than three 3'ears. At the same 
time he maintained the State's financial credit. 
The Legislature, at its extra session in 18(J1, 
authorized the sale of $800,000 in bonds, to assist 
in arming and equipping troops. So frugally' was 
this work done, that but |;i00,(l()0 of the bouds. 
were sold, and the remaining $.jOO,000 notluwing 
been required, the Ijonds representing this amouiit 
were destroyed hy order of the succeeding Legis- 

In October, 1801, Gov. Kiikwond was, with ciini- 
paratively little op|)osition, re-elected — an honor 
accorded for the lirst time in the history of the 
State. His majority was about 18,000. During 
his second term he was apjiointed by President 
Lincoln to lie INI inister to Denmark, but he declined 
to enter upon his diitlomatic duties until the expir- 
ation of his term as Governor. The position was 
kept open for him until that time, but, when it 
cnnic, iiressim;- private business compelled a declin- 
ation iif the olllce altogether. 

In January, 18(;(;, he was a prominent candidate 
before the Legislature for United States Senator. 
Senator Harlan had resigned the Senatorsliip upon 

his ajipointment to the office of Secretary of the 
Interior by President Lincoln, just before his 
death, liut liail withdrawn from the cabinet soon 
after tlie accession of Mr. Johnson to the Presi- 
dency. In this waj' it happened that the Legisla- 
ture had two terms of United States Senator to fill, 
a short term of two years, to fill Harlan's unexpired 
term, and a long term of six j'ears to immeiliately 
succeed this ; and Harlan had now become a candi- 
date for his own successorship, to which Kirkwood 
also aspii'ed. Ultimately, Kirkwood was elected 
for the first and Harlan for the second term. Dur- 
ing his brief Senatorial service, Kirkwood did not 
hesitate to measure swords with Senator Sumner, 
whose natural egotism had begotten in him an ar- 
rogant and dictatorial manner, borne with humbly 
until then by his colleagues, in deference to his 
long experience and eminent ability, but unpalata- 
ble to an independent Western Senator like Kirk- 

At the close of his Senatorial term, ^larch 4, 
1867, he resumed the practice of law, which a few 
yeiU'S later he relinquished to accejjt the Presidency 
<jf,the, Iowa Citj' Savings Bank. In 1875 he was 
again elected Governor, and was inaugurated Jan. 
13, 1876. He served but little over a year, as 
early in 1877 he was chosen United States Senator. 
He filled this position four years, resigning to be- 
come Secretary of the Interior in President (iar- 
i field's Cabinet. In this office he was succeeded, 
April 17, 1882, by Henry M. Teller, of Colorado. 

Ciov. Kirkwood returned to Iowa Citj', his home, 
where he still resides, being now advanced in years. 
He was married in 1813, to Miss Jane Clark, a na- 
tive of Ohio. 

In 1886 Mr. Kirkwood was noniniatcd for Con- 
gress by the Republicans of his district. Consider- 
able interest was manifested in the contest, as both 
the Labor and Democratic parties had popular can- 
didates in till' lii'id. 





sixth Governor of Iowa, was 
born Oct. 14, 1827. His 
parents, Truman and La- 
vina (Nortli) Stone, who 
were of English ancestry, 
moved to Lewis County, N. 
Y., when AVilliam was but a 
William's grandfather, Aaron 
Stone, was in the second war with En- 
gland. Wlien our sidjject was six years 
of age his parents moved into Oiiio, lo- 
cating in Coshocton Countj'. Like many 
other self-made men, William M. had few 
advantages. He never attended a school 
of any kind more than twelve months. 
In lioyhood lie was for two seasons a team-driver 
on the Ohio Canal. At seventeen he was appren- 
ticed to the chairmaker's trade, and he followed 
that business until he was twenty-three years of 
age, reading law meantime during his spare hours, 
wherever he happened to be. He commenced at 
Coshocton, with James ilathews, who afterward 
became his father-in-law; continued his reading 
with Gen. Lucius V. Pierce, of Akron, and finished 
with Ezra B. Taylor, of Ravenna. He was admitted 
to the bar in August, 1851, by Peter Hitchcock 
and Rufus P. Ranney, Supreme Judges, holding a 
term of couit at Kavenna. 

After practicing three years at Coshocton with 
his old preceptor, James Mathews, he, in November, 
1854, settled in Knoxville, which has remained his 
home since. The 3'ear after locating here Mr. 
Stone purchased the Knoxville Journal, and was 
one of the prime movers in forming the Republican 
party in Iowa, being tlie first editor to suggest a 
State Convention, which met Feb. 22, 1856, and 
completed tiie organization. In tlie autumn of the 
same j'ear he was a Presidential elector on the Re- 
publican ticket. 

In April, 1857, Mr. Stone chosen Judge of 
the Eleventh Judicial District. He was elected 
Judge of the Sixth Judicial District when the new 
Constitution went into oi)eration in 1858, and was 
serving on the bench when the American flag was 
stricken down at Fort Sumter. At that time, 
April, 1861, he was holiling court in Fairfield, 
Jefferson Coinit}', and when the news came of the 
insult to the old flag he immediately adjourned 
court and prepared for what he believed to be more 
important duties — duties to his country. 

In May he enlisted as a private ; was made Cap- 
tain of Co. B, Third Iowa Inf., and was subse- 
quently promoted to Major. With that regiment 
he was at the battle of Blue Mill, Mo., in Septem- 
ber, 1861, where he was wounded. At Shiloh, the 
following spring, he commanded the regiment and 
was taken prisoner. By order of Jefferson Davis 





he was paroled for tlie time of forty clays, with 
orders to repair to Washiiiytuu, and if possible 
secure an agreement for a cartel for a general ex- 
change of prijioncrs, and to return as a prisoner if 
he did not succeed. Failing to secure that result 
within the period si)ecified, he returned to Rich- 
mond and had liis paroh; extended fifteen days; re- 
pairing again to Washington, he effected his pur- 
pose and was exchanged. 

In August, 1862, he was appointed by Gov. 
Kirkwood Colonel of the Twenty-second Iowa 
Infantr}-, which rendezvoused and organized at 
Camp Pope, Iowa City, the same month. The 
regiment was occupied for several months in guard- 
ing supply stores and the railroad, and escorting 
supi)ly trains to the Army of the Southeast Mis- 
souri until Jan. 27, 1863, when it received orders 
to join the army under Gen. Davidson, at AVest 
Plains, Mo. After a march of five daj's it reached 
its destination, and was brigaded with the Twenty- 
first and Twenty-third Iowa regiments. Col. Stone 
commanding, and was designated the First Brigade, 
First Division, Army of Southeast Missouri. April 
1 found Col. Stone at Milliken's IJend, Larj-to-^vssis-t., 
Grant in the capture of Vicksburg. 5le//#fts kovf- 
in immediate command of his regtmeVrfv'''iv'hich'?' 
formed .a i)art of a brig.'ule under Col, C. L. Harris, 
of the Eleventh Wisconsin. In tiie .idvahc'e' wjiOn- 
Port Gibson Col. Harris was taken sit-k* And -Col. ' 
Stone was again in charge of a brigade. In the 
battle of Port Gibson the Colonel and his com- 
mand distinguished thenaselves, and were successful. 

The brigade was in the reserve at Champion Hills, 
and in active skirmish at Black River. 

On the evening of May 21 Col. Stone received 
Gen. Grant's order for a general assault on the 
enemy's lines at 10 A. M. on the 22d. In this 
charge, which was' unsuccessful. Col. Stone was 
again wounded, receiving a gunshot in the left 
forearm. Col. Stone commanded a brigade until 
the last of August, when, being ordered to the Gulf 
Department, he resigned. He had become very 
popular with the people of Iowa. 

He was nominated in a Republican convention, 
held at Des Moines in June, 1863, and was elected 
by a very large m.ajoritj'. He was breveted Brig- 
adier-General in 1864, during his first year as Gov- 
ernor. He was inaugurated Jan. 14, 1804, and was 
I'e-elected in I860, his four years in office closing 
Jan. 16, 1868. His majority in 1863 was nearly 
30,000, and in 186') about 16,500. His diminished 
vote in 186;") was due to the fact that he was very 
strongly committed in favor of negro suffrage. 

Gov. Stone made a ver}- energetic and eflicient 
Executive. Since the expiration of his gubernatorial 
term he has sought to escajjc the public notice, and 
■fift^'giVen his time to his private business interests. 
jPti^isj in partnership with Hon. 0. B. Ayres, of 
Knoxyille, in legal jiractice. 
it- ; He: was elected to the General Assembly in 1877. 
and served one term. 

In May, 1857, he married Miss Carloaet Mathews, 
a native of Ohio, then residing in Knoxville. They 
have one sou — William A- 





--- "» ^- 

135 iL 



AMUEL MElRRILL, Governoi- 
from 18G8 to 1H72, was liorn 
in Oxford County, Maine, 
Aug. 7, 1822. He is a de- 
scendant on his mother's side 
of Peter Hill, who came from 
England and settled in Maine 
in 1053. Fnini this ancestr}' have 
sprung most of the Hills in Ameri- 
ca. On his father's side he is a de- 
pendant of Nathaniel Merrill, who 
came from England in l(;;5(;,and lo- 
cated in Massachusetts. Nathaniel 
had a son, Daniel, who in turn had 
a son named John, and he in turn 
begat a son called Thomas. The 
latter was born Dec. 18, 1708. On the 4th of Aug- 
ust, 1728, was born to him a son, Samuel, who was 
married and had a family of twelve children, one of 
whom, Abel, was taken by his father to Boston in 
1750. Abel was married to Elizabeth Page, who 
had five children, one of whom. A)>el, Jr., was the 
father of our subject. He married Abigail Hill 
June 25, 1809, and to them were born eight chil- 
dren, Samuel being the youngest but one. At the 
age of sixteen Samuel moved with his parents to 
Buxton, Maine, the native place of his mother, 
where his time was employed in turns in teaching 
and attending school until he attained his majority. 
Having determined to make teaching a profession, 
and feeling that the South offered better opportu- 
nities, he immediately set out for that section. He 

remained, however, but a short time, as he sa3^s "he 
was born too far North." Suspicion having been 
raised as to his abolition principles and finding tlie 
element ik )t altogether congenial, he so< m aljandoned 
the sunny South and went to the old (iranite State, 
where the next several years were spent in fanning. 
In 1847 he moved to Tamworth, N. H., where he 
engaged in the mercantile liusiness in company with 
a brother, in which he was quite successful. Not 
being satisfied with the limited resources of North- 
ern Now England he determined to try his good 
fortune on the broad prairies of the fertile West. 

It was in the year 1850 that Mr. Merrill turned 
his face toward the setting sun, finding a desirable 
location near McGregor, Iowa, where he established 
a branch house of the olil firm. The i)(>pulation in- 
creased, as also did their trade, and their house be- 
came one of the most extensive wholesale establish- 
ments on the Upper Mississippi. During all these 
years of business Mr. Merrill took an active part in 
politics. In 1854 he was chosen on the abolition 
ticket to the Legislature of New Hampshire. The 
following year he was again returned to the I>egis- 
latin-e, and doubtless had he remained in that State 
would have risen still higher. In coining to Iowa 
his experience and abilitj' were demanded by his 
neighbors, and he was here called into public serv- 
ice. He was sent to the Legislature, and though 
assembled with the most distinguished men of his 
time, took a leading part in the important services 
demanded of that body. The Legislature was con- 
vened in an extra session of 1801, to provide for 





a 136 

M ' 


the fxigeiK'ies of the Rebelliun, and in its deliber- 
ations Mr. Merrill took an active part. 

In the summer of 1.SG2, Mr. Merrill was commis- 
sioned Colonel of the 21st Iowa Infantry, and im- 
mediate!}' went to tile front. At the time Marma- 
duke was menacing the Union forces in Missouri, 
which called for iiroin[>t action on the part of the 
Union Generals. Col. Merrill was placed in com- 
mand, with detachments of the 21st Iowa and d'Jth 
Illinois, a portion of the 3d Iowa Cavalry and two 
pieces of artillery, with orders to make a forced 
march to Springfield, he being at the time eighty 
miles distant. On the morning of Jan. 11, 1863, 
he came across a l)<"ly of Confederates who were 
advancing in heavy force. Immediate preparations 
for battle were made by Col. Merrill, and after brisk- 
ly firing for an hour, the enemy fell back. Merrill 
then moved in the <lirection of Ilartville, where he 
found the enemy in force under Marmaduke, being 
about eight tliou>and strong, while Merrill had ))ut 
one-tenth of tliat mimber. A h(>t struggle ensued 
in which the 'rwenty-lirst distinguished- itself. The 
Confederate loss was several ollicers and three hun- 
dred men killed and wounded, while the I'nion loss 
was but seven killed and sixty-four wounded. The 
following winter the regiment performed active 
service, taking part in the cani|(aign of Vicksburg. ■ 
It fought under McCIeniand at Port (iibson, and 
while making the famous charge of lilack River 
Bridge. Col. 3Ierrill was severel_y wounded through 
the hip. lie was laid up from the 17th of May to 
Januarj\ when he again joined his regiment in 
Texas, and in June, 1(S(!4, on account of suffering 
from his wound, resigned and returned to Mc- 
Gregor. In ISlw Mr. Merrill was chosen Gov- 
ernor of the State, being elected u|><m the Repub- 
lican ticket. He served with such satisfaction, that 
in 1861) he was re-nominated and accordingly 

Under (lie adnihiistration of Gov. Merrill, 
the movement for liie erection of the new State 
House was inauguiated. The Thirteenth General 
Assendily provi<led for the liuil<ling at a cost of 
f l,.")(lll.O()(l, and made an appiopriation with wliich 
to liegin the work of ¥l.">o,oot). With this sum the 
work was begun, and Nov. 23, 1871, the corner 
r stone was laid in the presence of citizens from all 


parts of the State. On this occasion the Governor 
delivered the address. It was an historical view of 
the incidents culminating in the labors of the day. 
It was replete with historical facts, showed patient 
research, was logical and argumentative, and at times 
eloquent with the fire and genius of American pa- 
triotism. It is a paper worthy of the occasion, 
and does justice to the head and heart that con- 
ceived it. 

During the gubernatorial career of Gov. Mer- 
rill, extending through two terms, from Janu- 
ary, 1868. to January, 1872, he was actively en- 
gaged in the discharge of his otticial duties, and 
probably no incundient of that office ever devoted 
himself more earnestly to the public good, stand- 
ing by the side of Gov. Fairchild, of Wisconsin. 
The two were instrumental in i)lacing the slack- 
water navigation l)etween the ]Mississii)pi and the 
Lakes in the way (if idtimate and certain success. 
The Ciovernor treated this subject to great length 
and with marked ability in his message to the Tiiir- 
teenth General Assemlily, and so earnest was he in 
-liehalf of this impi'ovement, that he again discussed 
it in his message to the Fourteenth (ieneral Assem- 
lily. In the instigation of the work the Governors 
of tile different States interested, called conventions, 
and tlu'ough the deliberations of these assemblies 
the aid of the General Government was secured. 

Samuel Merrill was first married to Catherine 
Thomas, who died in 1847, fourteen moutiis after 
their marriage. In January, IS.'il. lie was united 
in marriage with a Miss Hill, of Huxtoii, Maine. 
She became the motlier of four t-hildren. three of 
whom died young, the eldest living to be only two 
and a iialf years old. 

After tlie expiration of liis public ser\ ice he re- 
turned to McGregor, but shortly afterward lenioved 
to i)es Moines, where he is now residing, and is 
President of the Citizens' National Uaiik. 

Tiiu> biielh' ha\'e been pointed out the leading 
features in tlie life of one of Iowa's most promi- 
nent citizens, and one who has maile an honorable 
record both in pulilic positions ami private cnter- 
[irises. He i> higlilv esteemed in the city where he 
resides and is regarded as one of the faithful rep- 
resentatives of the sons of New England. In stat- 
ure he is fully six feet high and finely propurtioncd. 









139 u 

''^^ug Qla'g' ^a>^^@Tit&T^ 

I i sist 


Governor of Iowa from 1872 
to 1875, inclusive, was born 
in Susquehanna County, Pa., 
Nov. 24, 1829. He was left 
_ ^^ an orphan at an early age, his 
aXV«*;\ mother dying when he was at 
the age of ten years, and his father two 
years later. He was left in destitute 
circumstances, and went first to learn 
the trade of a clothier, which, however, 
he abandoned after a few months, and 
engaged with a fanner, giving a term 
in the winter, however, to attendance 
upon the district school. When eighteen 
he ijegan teaching school, and the fol- 
lowing four years divided his time between teach- 
ing and attending the academy at Hartford. At 
the conclusion of this period he went to Ohio, 
where he engaged as a teacher for a year and a 
half, spending the summer at farm work. 

In the year 1854 Mr. Carpenter came further 
westward, visiting many points in Illinois and 
Iowa, arriving at Des Moines, then a village of 
some 1,200 inhabitants. This place, however, not 
offering a favorable location, he proceeded on his 
journey, arriving in Fort Dodge June 28, 1854. 
Owing to his being without funds he was compelled 
to travel on foot, in which way tlie journey to Fort 
Dodge was made, with his entire worldly posses- 
sions in a carpet-sack which he carried in his hand. 
He soon found employment at Fort Dodge, as as- 
sistant to a Government surveyor. This work be- 

ing completed, young Carpenter assisted his land- 
lord in cutting ha}', but soon secured another 
position as a surveyor's assistant. In the early 
part of the following January he engaged in teach- 
ing school at Fort Dodge, but in the spring was 
employed to take charge of a set of surveyors in 
surveying the counties of Emmet and Kossuth. 

On his return to Fort Dodge he found the land- 
office, which liad been established at that f)lace, 
was about to open for the sale of land. Being 
familiar with the country and the location of the 
best land, he opened a private laud-office, and 
f(jund constant and profitable employment for the 
following three years, in platting and surveying 
lands for those seeking homes. During this period 
he became extensively known, and, being an active 
Republican, lie was chosen as a standard-bearer for 
his section of the State. He was elected to the 
Legislature in the autumn of 1857. In 1861, on 
the breaking out of the Rebellion, he volunteered 
and was assigned to duty as Commissary of Sub- 
sistence, much of the time being Cliief Commissary 
of the left wing of the IGth Armj- Corps. In 1864 
he was promoted Lieutenant-Colonel and assigned 
to duty on the staff of Gen. Logan, as Chief Com- 
missary of the 15th Army Corps. He continued in 
the service until the close of the war, and in 
August, 1865, was mustered out. 

Upon the close of his service to his country he 
returned to his home at Fort Dodge, but, owing to 
so many changes which liad taken place, and such 
an influx of enterprising men into the city, he 
found his once prosperous business in the hands of 






others. He tinned his attention to the improve- 
ment of a piece of land, where he remained until 
his election, in the autumn of 18G6, as Register of 
the State Land-Office. He was re-elected in 18G8, 
and refused the nomination in 1870. This position 
took him to Dcs Moines, but in 1870 he returned 
to Fort Dodge. During the summer of the follow- 
mg year he was nominated bj' the Republican party 
for Governor. He was elected, and inaugurated as 
Chief Executive of Iowa Jan. 11, 1872. In 1873 
he was renominated by bis partj', and October 14 
of that year was re-elected, his inauguration taking 
place Jan. 27, 1874. Gov. Carpenter was an able, 
popular and faitliful Executive, and was regarded 
as one of the most honest, prominent and unselfish 
officials the State ever had. Plain, unassuming, 
modest, he won his public position more through 
the enthusiasm of his friends than by any personal 
effort or desire of his o\vn. Everywhere, at all 
times and upon all occasions, he demonstrated that 
the confidence of his friends was justified. He took 
an active part i u t4' ' ;,S,' ' '\'y<f. fW^4 ' 'A*ftVy ^ monopolies 
and transportatii mj 
tration were ; 

wise legislation i ii these respects.. 

Gov. Carpent 

11,11.-., ., i.iv^h '(rrirmg his adminis- 
P<yftUftt, W>W^%uch to secure 


as a 


speaker of morr tliiiw iiwlinnry ability, aifd has 
upon many occasions lieon the orator, and always 
appreciated b}' the people. 

At the expiration of his second term as Governor 
Mr. Carpenter was appointed Second Comptroller 
of the United States Treasury, which position he 
resigned after a service of fifteen u\onths. This 
step was an evidence of his unselfishness, as it was 
taken another Bureau officer was to be dis- 
missed, as it was held that Iowa liad more heads of 
Bureaus than she was entitled to, and his resigning 
an office of the higher grade saved the position to 
another. In ISSI he was elected to Congress, and 
served with ability, and in the Twentieth General 
Assembly of Iowa he represented Webster County. 

Gov. Carpenter was n>arrie<l, in March, 18G4, to 
Miss Susjin Burkholder, of Fort Dodge. No chil- 
dren have been born to them, but they have reared 
a niece of Mrs. Carpenter's. 

During his entire life Mr. Carpenter has been de- 
voted to the principles of Reform and the best 



interests of all classes of citizens who, by adojition 
or by birth-right, are entitled to a home upon our 
soil and the protection of our laws, under the great 
charter of " Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Hap- 
piness." In an address in 1852 he took advanced 
views upon the leading subjects of public interest. 
He had already- laid the foundation for that love of 
freedom which afterwards found an ample field of 
labor with the Republican party. There was noth- 
ing chimerical in his views. He looked at ever}' 
strata of human society, and, from the wants of the 
masses, wisely devined duty and prophesied destiny. 
He would have the people of a free Republic edu- 
cated in the spirit of the civilization of the age. 
Instead of cultivating a taste f «. .• a species of liter- 
ature tending directl}' to degrade the mind and 
deprave the heart, thereby leading back to a state 
of superstition and consequent barbarism, he would 
cultivate princijjles of temperance, industr}' and 
economy in every j'outhful mind, as the indispens- 
able ingredients of good citizens, or subjects upon 
whose banner will be inscribed Liberty, Equalitj'. 

Thus early in life Mr. Carpenter saw the destined 
tendency of our American institutions, and the ad- 
vancing civilization of the age. He saw it in the 
peace congress, whose deliberations have made the 
Rhine thrice immortal. He saw it in the prospect- 
ive railway, which he believed would one day 
unite the shores of the Atlantic with those of the 
Pacific — a fact realized by the construction of the 
great continental railwaj'. 

It was thus early that he began to study the 
wants of the world, and with what clearness and 
directness m.ay be seen by the correctness of his 
vision and the accomplishment of what he consid- 
ered an inevitable necessity. 

Thus, gi'owing up into manhood, and p.assing on- 
ward in the rugged jjathwaj' of time, disciplined in 
l^olitical economy and civil ethics in the stern 
school of experience, he was prepared to meet every 
emergenc}- with a steady hand; to bring order out 
of discord, and insure harmony and prosperity'. 

Gov. Carpenter is now cng.aged in the quiet pur- 
suits of farm life, residing at Fort Dodge, where 
he is highly esteemed as one nf ht'r [luic^t minded 
and most upright citizens. 





ninth Governor of Iowa, is 
a native of Pennsylvania, 
lie comes from that excellent 
stock known as the Friends, 
who very early settled in 
New Jersey. Joshua G. is the 
son of Barzilla and Catherine 
(House) Newbold, and was born 
in Fayette County, May 12, 
1830. He was born a farmer's 
boy and was reared in the vigor- 
ous employment of farm work. 
Wlien he was eight years of age the 
familj' moved to Westmoreland 
Count}', Pa., where, in the common 
schools and in a select school or academy, young 
Newbold received his education. When sixteen 
years of age he accompanied the family on their re- 
turn to Faj^ette County. Here for the following 
eight years he assisted his father in running a flour- 
ing-mill as well as devoting much of his time to 
teaching school. When about nineteen years of 
age our subject began the study of medicine, de- 
voting much of his time while teaching to his med- 
ical books. He, however, abandoned the idea of 
becoming a phj'sician and turned his attention to 
(lifTerent walks in life. 

In the month of March, 1854, Mr. Newbold re- 
moved to Iowa, locating on a farm, now iiartly in 
the corporation of Mount Pleasant, Heni'y County. 

At the end of one year he removed to Cedar 
Township, Van Buren County, there merchandising 
and farming till about 1800, when he removed to 
Ilillsboro, Henry County, and pursued the same 

In 18G2, when the call was made for 600,000 men 
to finish the work of crushing the Rebellion, Mr. 
Newbold left his farm in the hands of his family 
and his store in charge of his jjartner, and went into 
the army as Captain of Company C, 2oth Regiment 
of Iowa Infantry. He served nearly three years, 
resigning just before the war closed, fm account of 
disabilitj'. During the last two or three months he 
served at the South he filled the position of Judge 
Advocate, with headquarters at Woodville, Ala. 

His regiment was one of those that made Iowa 
troops famous. It arrived at Helena, Ark., in 
November, 18{)2, and sailed in December following 
on the expedition against Vicksburg by way of 
Chickasaw Bayou. At the latter place was its first 
engagement. Its second was at Arkansas Post, and 
there it suffered severely, losing in killed and 
wounded more than sixty. 

After Lookout Mountain it joined in the pursuit 
of Bragg's flying forces to Ringgold, where it en- 
gaged the enemy in their strong works, November 
27, losing twenty-nine wounded. The following 
year it joined Sherman in his Atlanta Campaign, 
then on the famous march to the sea and through 
the Carolinas. 

On returning to Iowa he continued in the mer- 





cantile trade at Hillsboro for three or four years, 
and then sold out, giving thereafter his whole at- 
tention to agriculture, stock-raising and stock-deal- 
ing, making the stock department an important 
factor in his business for -several years. Mr. New- 
bold a member of the 13th, 14th and 15th (ien- 
eral Assemblies, representing Henry County, and 
was Chairman of the School Committee in the 14th, 
and of the committee on appropriations in the 15th 
General Assembly. In the 15th (1874) he was tem- 
porary Speaker during the deadlock in organizing 
the House, In 1875 he was elected Lieutenant 
Governor on the Republican ticket with Samuel J. 

His Democratic competitor was E. D. Woodward, 
who received D3,000 votes. Mr. Newbold received 
134,106, or a majority of 31,106. Governor Kirk- 
wood lieing elected United States Senator during 
that session, Mr. Newbold became Governor, taking 
the chair Feb. 1, 1877, and vacating it for Gov. 
Gear in January, 1878. 

Gov. Newbold's message to the Legislature 
in 1878, shows painstaking care and a clear, busi- 
ness-like view of the interests of the State. His 
recommendations were carefully considered and 
largely adopted. The State's finances were then in 
a less creditable- condition than ever before or 
since, as there was an increasing floating debt, then 
amounting to 1340,826.56, more than $90,000 in 
excess of the Constitutional limitation. Said Gov. 
Newbold in his message : " The commonwealth 
ought not to set an example of dilatoriness 
in meeting its obligations. Of all forms of indebt- 
edness, that of a floating character is the most ob- 
jectionable. The uncertainty as to its amount will 

invariably enter into any computation made by per- 
sons contracting with the State for supplies, mater- 
ial or labor. To remove the present difliculty, and 
to avert its recurrence, I look upon as the most im- 
portant work that will demand your attention." 

One of the greatest problems before statesmen is 
that of equal and just taxation. The following 
recommendation shows that Gov. Newbold was 
abreast with foremost thinkers, for it proposes a 
step which }■ early finds more favor with the people : 
" The inequalities of the personal-property valu- 
ations of the several counties suggest to m3' mind 
the propriety of so adjusting the State's levy as to 
require the counties to pay into the State treasury 
only the tax on realty, leaving the corresponding 
tax on personalty in the county treasury. This 
would rest with each county the adjustment of its 
own personal jiropcrty valuations, without fear that 
they might be so high as to work injustice to itself 
in comparison with other counties." 

Gov. Newbold has always affiliated with the 
Republican party, and holds to its great cardinal 
doctrines, having once embraced them, with the 
same sincerity and honesty that he cherishes his re- 
ligious sentiments. He has been a Christian for 
something like twentj-five 3'ears, his connection be- 
ing with the Free-Will Baptist Church. He found 
his wife, Rachel Farquhar, in Fayette County, Pa., 
their union taking place on the 2d of May, 1850. 
They have had five children and lost two. The 
names of the living are Mary AUene, Emma 
Irene and George C. 

The Governor is not yet an old man, and may 
serve his State or county in other capacities in the 
coming years. 










OHN 11. GEAR, the tenth 
gentleman to occupy the 
Executive Chair of Iowa, is 
still a resident of Burlington. 
lie is a native of the Empire 
State, where in the city of 
Ithica, April 7, 1 8-2,5, he was born. 
Rev. E. G. Gear, his father, was 
born in New London, Conn., in 
1792, and became a distinguished 
clergyman of the Protestant 
I^piscopal Church. His family had 
removed with him, while he was 
still j'oung, to Pittsfield, Mass., and 
in the year 1816, after his ordina- 
tion as a clergyman of the Episco- 
pill Church, he went to New York 
and located at Onondaga Hill near 
the city of Syracuse. Shortly after 
this settlement, the young minister 
was united in marriage with Miss 
IMiranda E. Cook. After serving 
various congregations in Western 
New York for many years, he de- 
termined to become a pioneer in 
Northern Illinois, w^hich at the time, in the year 
18;3G, was ])eing rajiidly settled up. He found a 
desirable location at Galena where he remained un- 
til 1838, when he received the appointment as 
Chaplain in the United States army while located 
.at Fort Snelling, Minn. He lived a long and act- 
ive life, doing much good, quitting his labors in 


the year 1874, at the advanced age of eighty-two 

The only son born to Mr. and Mrs. E. G. Gear 
was J. H., afterward the distinguished Governor of 
Iowa. As above stated the birth occurred in 1825. 
In 1 843, when still a young man, he came West to 
liurlington, where he has since continued to reside, 
her most distinguished citizen. Shortly after his 
arrival in the young city, he embarked in his mer- 
cantile career, engaging at the time with the firm 
of Bridgman & Bros., in the capacity of a clerk. 
Remaining with this firm for a little over a year, 
he left them for an engagement with AV. F. Cool- 
baugh, who at one time was President of the 
Union National Bank, of Chicago, and who at that 
early period was the leading merchant of Eastern 
Iowa. He served Mr. Coolbaugh so faithfully, and 
with such marked ability for the following five 
years, that, when desirous of a partner in his busi- 
ness, the wealthy merchant could find no one in 
whom he could place greater confidence and with 
whom he could trust his extensive business rela- 
tions that pleased him better than the young clerk. 
Accordingly he was associated as a partner under 
the firm name of AV. F. Coolbaugh & Co. Under 
this arrangement the firm did a prosperous busi- 
ness for the following five years, when Mr. Gear 
purchased the entire business, which he cari'ied on 
with marked success until he became known as the 
oldest wholesale grocer in the State. He is at present, 
besides filling other prominent business relations, 
President (jf the Rolling Mill Co., of Galesburg. 







Mr.Gcar has been honored liy his feilow-citizens 
with many positions of trust. In 1852 he was 
elected Alderman; in 1863 was elected Mayor 
over A. W. Carpenter, being the first Republican 
up to tliat time who had been elected in Burlington 
on a party issue. In 18G7 the Burlington, Cedar 
Rapids & Minnesota Railroad Company was organ- 
ized, and he was chosen as its President. His ef- 
forts highly contributed to the success of the enter- 
prise, which did niucli for Burlington. lie was 
also active in promoting the Burlington <& South- 
western Railwa3% as well as the Burlington & North- 
western narrow-gauge road. 

He has always acted with the Republican party, 
and in 1871 was nominated and elected a member 
of the House of Representatives of the 14th 
General Assembly. In 1873 he was elected to the 
15th General Assembly. The Republican cau- 
cus of the House nominated him for Speaker by 
acclamation, and after a contest of two weeks he 
wae chosen over his opponent, J. AV. Dixon. lie 
filled the position of Speaker very acceptably, and 
at the close of the session all the members of the 
House, independent of party affiliations, joined in 
signing their names to a resolution of tlianks, which 
was engraved and presented to him. In 1875 lie 
was the third time nominated to the Assembly liy 
the Republican party, and whik^ his county gave a 
large Democratic vote he was again elected. He 
was also again nominated for Speaker by tlie Re- 
liublican caucus, and was elected by a handsome 
majority over his competitor, Hon. John Y. Stone. 
He is the only man in the State who ever had the 
honor of being chosen to this high jiusition a sec- 
ond time. He enjoys the reputation of being an 
able parliamentarian, his rulings never having been 
ai)pcal(!d from. At the close of the session he 
again received the unanimous thanks of the House 
of Representatives for his courtesy and impartiality, 
and for the able and satisfactory manner in whiiii 
he had presided over tiiat body. 

In 1877 he was nominated for Governor ])y the 
Republican convention which met at Des Moines, 
June 28, and at the election held the following 
October he received 121,546 votes, against 79,353 
for John 1". Irish, 10,631) for Elias Jessup and 38,- 
228 for D. V. Stubbs. His plui'ality over Irish 

was 42,103. He was inaugurated .Tan. 17, 1878^ 
and served four years, being re-elected in 1879 ]jy 
tlic followiag handsome vote: Gear, 157,571; 
Trimble, 85,056; Campbell, 45.430; Dungan, 3,258, 
(J ear's majority over all competitors, 23,828. His 
second inauguration occurred in January of the 
year 1880. 

Gov. Gear's business habits enabled him tt> dis- 
charge the duties of his office with marked ability. 
He found the financial condition of the State at a 
low ebb, but raised Iowa's credit to that of the 
best of our States. In his last biennial message he 
was able to report: "The warrants out-standing, 
but not bearing interest, Sept. 30, 1881, amounted 
to 122,093.74, and there are now in the treasury 
ample funds to meet the current cxijcuses of the 
State. The war and defense debt has been paid, 
except the warrants for $125,000 negotiated hy the 
Executive, Auditt>r and Treasurer, under the law 
of the 18th General Assembly, and :i!2,500 of 
the original bonds not j'et presented for paj'- 
ment. The only other debt owing by the State 
am(mnts to !s!245,435.U), due to the permanent 
school fund, a portion of which is matle irredeem 
aljle liy the Constitution. These facts i)lace Iowa 
practically among the States which have no ilebt, 
a consideration which must add much to her repu 
tation. The expenses of the State for the last two 
years are less than those of an3' other period sinco 
1869, and this notwithstanding the fact that the 
State is to-da}- sustaining sevenil institutions not 
then in existence; namelj', the hospital at Inde- 
pendence, the additional penitentiarj'^, the Normal 
School and the :isvlum for the feeble-minded chil- 
dren, bi'sides the girl's department of the reform 
school. The State also, at present, makes provision 
for fish culture, for a useful weather service, for 
sanitary supervision by a Board of Health, for en- 
couraging immigration to the State, for the inspec- 
tion of coal mines liy a State Inspector, and liber- 
ally for the military arm of the Government."' 

Gov. Gear is now in the sixty-first year of his 
age, and is in the full vigor of both his nientjd and 
physical faculties. He was married in 1852 to 
Harriet S. Foot, formerly of the town of Jliddle- 
burj', Vermont, bj- whom he has had four children, 
two of whom are living. 







6 J. ^c. Jn irrk^^^i^^ 





^•=s*^- t ^^ssSti^'i 

'^NE of the most distinguished 
gentlemen who was ever 
honored with the position 
of Chief Executive of the 
(State is Bnren R. Sherman, 
the eleventh Governor of 
Iowa, who is a native of New Tork. 
It was in the town of Phelps, in On- 
tario County, that he was horn to his 
parents, Phineas L. and Eveline 
(Robinson) Sherman, on the •2.Stli of 
Ylir-v Maj', 183G, and was the third son of 

n i \ vli a distinguished family of children. 
His parents were likewise natives of 
the Empire State. Buren R. attended the public 
schools of his neighborhood, but was subsequently 
given advantages of the schools at Almira, N. Y., 
where he acquired a very thorough knowledge of 
the English branches. His father, who was a me- 
chanic, advised him at the close of his studies to 
apprentice himself to learn some trade. He ac- 
cordingly made such arrangements with S. Ayers, of 
Almira, to learn the trade of .a watchmaker. Tn 
18.55, however, he left this position and joined his 
familj' on their removal to the then new State of 
Iowa. They settled upon a piece of unbroken prai- 
rie land on what is now Geneseo Township, Tama 


County, his father having previously purchased 
land from the Government. Here Buren R. labored 
diligently in developing his father's fields, devoting, 
however, leisure hours which he was granted, to the 
study of law. Before leaving his Eastern home he 
had decided upon that profession and began its 
study while yet in Almira. He soon secured a po- 
sition as a book-keeper in a neighboring to'v\ni, and 
with the wages earned there, materially assisted his 
father in the development of their home farm. In 
the meantime he had applied himself diligently to 
the study of his books, and so studious had he 
been that in the summer of 1859, he was enabled 
to pass a creditable examination and to be admitted 
to the bar. The following spring the young attor- 
ney moved to Vinton, hung out his shingle and be- 
gan the practice of his profession. He was associated 
with Hon. "William Smyth, formerl}' District Judge, 
and J. C. Traer, under the firm name of Smyth, 
Traer ik Sherman. The new firm rapidlj' grew into 
prominence, building up a prosperous practice, 
when Mr. Sherman withdrew to tender his services 
to the Government in defense of her integrity and 

It e.arly in l.sCl, directly after the enemy had 
assaulted the American flag on Sumter, that the 
j'oung attorney enlisted in Co. G, 13th Iowa Vol. 






Inf., and immediately went to the front. He 
entered the service as Second Sergeant, and in 
February, 1862, was made Second Lieutenant of 
Company E. On tiic 6tli of April following he was 
very severely wounded at the battle of Pittsburgh 
Landing, and while in the hospital was promoted to 
the rank of Cajitain. He returned to his company 
while yet obliged to use his crutches, and remained 
on cluty till the summer of IrtO.'S, when, by reason of 
his wound, he was comiielled to resign and return 
home. Soon after returning from the army he was 
elected County -Judge of Benton County, and re- 
elected without opposition in IHGo. In the autumn 
of 1866 he resigned his judgeship and accepted the 
office of Clerk of the District Court, to which he 
was re-elected in 1868, 1870 and 1872, and in 
Decemlier, 1 874, resigned in order to accept the 
office of Auditor of State, to which office he had 
been elected by a majority of 28,42.5 over J. M. 
King, the " anti-monojKjly " candidate. In 1876 he 
was renominated and received 50,272 more votes 
than W. Growneweg (Democrat) and Leonard 
Browne (Greenback) together. In 1S78 he was 
agajn chosen to represent the i;i'|iulilican party 
in that office, and this time received a major- 
ity of 7,164 over the combined votes of Col. 
Eiboeck (Democrat) and G. V. Swearenger (Green- 
back). In the six years that he held this oflice, he 
was untiring in his faithful application to routine 
work and devotion to his special share of the State's 
business. He retired with such an enviable record 
that it was with no surprise the peojile learned, 
June 27, 1881, that he was the nominee of the Re- 
publican party for Governor. 

The campaign was an exciting one. The General 
Assembly had submitted to the people the prohilii- 
tory amendment to the Constitution. This, while 
not a partisan (juestion, became ujipermost in the 
mind of the public. Mr. Sherman received 13,'3,- 
.•j;iO votes, against .s;l,2 14 for Kinne and 28,112 for 
D. M. Clark, or a i)lurality of ,")0,(),S6 :ind a major- 
ity of 21,974. In l.ssa he was re-nominated by 
till' Keiiublicans, ;is well as L. G. Kinne by the 
Democrats. The National party olTered .1. 15. 
Weaver. During the campaign these candidates 
held a number of joint discussions at different 
points in the State. At the election the vote was : 

Sherman, 164,182; Kinne, 139,093; Weaver, 23,- 
089; Sherman's plurality, 2o,089; majority. 2,000. 
In his second inaugural Gov. Sherman said : 

" In assuming, for the second time, the office of 
Chief Magistrate for the State, I full}' realize my 
grateful obligations to the people of Iowa, through 
whose generous confidence I am here. I .-.m aware 
of the duties and grave responsibilities of this ex- 
alted position, and as well what is expected of nie 
therein. As in the past I have given my undivided 
time and serious attention thereto, so in the future 
I promise the most earnest devotion and untiring 
effort in the faithful perf(_)rmance of my official re- 
quirements. I have seen the State grow from in- 
fancy to mature manhood, and each year one of 
substantial l)etterment of its previous position. 

" With more railroads than any State, save two; 
with a school interest the grandest and strongest, 
which commands the support and confidence of all 
the people, and a population, which in its entirety 
is superior to any other in the sisterhood, it is 
not str.auge the jiride which attaches to our people. 
When we remember that the results of our efforts iii 
the direction of good govei'ument have been 
crowned with such magnificent success, and to-day 
we have a State in most perfect ph\-sicai and finan- 
cial condition, no wonder our hearts swell in honest 
pride as wc contemplate the past and so confidently 
hope for the future. What we may become de- 
pends on our own efforts, and to that future I look 
with earnest and abiding confidence." 

Gov. Sherman's term of oflice continued until .Tan. 
14, 1886, when he was succeeded by William Larra- 
bec, and he is now, temixirarily. jierhaps, enjoying 
a well-earned rest. He has been a Ropul>lican since 
the organization of that i>arty, and his services a.s a 
campaign speaker have been for many years in 
great demand. As an officer he has been able to 
make an enviable record. Himself honorable and 
thorough, his management of public business has 
been of the same character, and such as has com- 
mendeil him to the ajiproval of his fellow-citizens. 

He was married, Aug. 20, 1862, to Miss Lena 
Kendall, of N'inton, Iowa, a young Lady of rare ac- 
coini)lisliinents and strength of character. Their 
union has been happy in every respect. They have 
two children — Lena Kendall and Oscar Eugene. 




■:^:-'.v.v>.. ' .A<''. ' '.-'.'A-!.- r? 



- ooo 


present alile Governor of 
Iowa, and the twelfth gen- 
tleman selected bj^ the 
people as the Chief Magis- 
trate of the gi-eat Com- 
monwealth, is a native of 
Connecticut. His ancestors 
were among the French Huguenots who 
came to America early in the seventeenth 
centurj' and located in Connecticut. At 
that time they bore the name of d'Larra- 
bee. Adam Larrabee, the father of AVill- 
iam, was born March 14, 1787, and was 
one of the early graduates of the West 
Point Military Academy. He served his 
country during the War of 1812, with distinction, 
holding the position of Second Lieutenant, to which 
he was commissioned March 1, 1811. He was pro- 
moted to the Captaincy of his company Feb. 1, 
1814, and on the 30th of the following March, at 
the battle of Lacole Mills, during Gen. AViUiinson's 
campaign on the Saint Lawrence River, he was 
severely wounded in the lung. He eventually re- 
covered from the injury and was united in mar- 
riage to Hannah G. Lester. This much esteemed 
lady was born June 3, 1798, and died on the 15tli of 
March, 1837. Capt. Larrabee lived to an ad- 
vanced age, dying in 1869, at the age of eighty- 
two years. 

As above mentioned, William, our subject, was 

born in Connecticut, the town of Ledyard being 
the place of his birth and Jan. 20,1832, the date. 
He was the seventh child in a family of nine chil- 
dren, and passed the early years of his life upon a 
rugged New England farm, enjoying very meager 
educational advantages. He attended, during the 
winter seasons, the neighboring district schools 
until he reached the age of nineteen years, when, 
during the following two winters, he fdled the posi- 
tion of schoolmaster. He was ambitious to do 
something in life for himself that would bring fort- 
une and distinction, but in making his plans for the 
future he was embarrassed by a misfortune which 
liefell him when fourteen years of age. In being 
trained to the use of fli-earms under his father's 
direction, an accidental discharge resulted in the 
loss of the sight in the right eye. This conse- 
quently unfitted him for many employments usually 
sought by amljitious young men. The family 
lived near the seashore, only two miles away, and 
in that neighborhood it was the custom for at least 
one son in each family to go upon the sea as a 
sailor. The two eldest brothers of our subject had 
chosen this occupation while the third remained in 
charge of the home farm. William was thus left 
free to chose for himself and, like many of the 
youths of that day, he wisely turned his face West- 
ward. The year 1853 found him on this journey 
toward the setting sun, stopping only when he 
came to the broad and fertile prairies of the new 
State of Iowa. He first joined his elder sister, Mrs. 






E. H. Williams, who was at that time living at 
Garnavillo, Clayton County. It was this circum- 
stance which led the young boy from Connecticut 
to select his future home in the northeastern por- 
tion of Iowa. lie resumed his occupation as a 
pedagogue, teaching, however, but one winter, 
which was passed at Hardin. The following three 
years he was employed in the capacity of foreman 
on the Grand Meadow farm of his lirother- in-law. 
Judge Williams. 

In 1857 he b(iught a one-third interest in the 
Clermont Mills, and located at Clermont, Fayette 
Count}^ He soon was able to buy the other two- 
thirds, and within a year found himself sole owner. 
He operated this mill until lK74when he sold to 
fS. M. Leach. On the breaking out of the war he 
offered to enlist, but was rejected on account of 
the loss of his right e^-e. Being informed he might 
possibly be admitted as a commissioned officer, he 
raised a conii)any and received a commission as 
First Lieutenant, but was again rejected fur the 
same disability. 

After selling the mill ]\[r. Larrabee devoted him- 
self to farming, and started a private bank at Cler- 
mont. He also, experimentall}', started a large 
nursery, l>ut this resulted only in confirming the 
belief thai Northern Iowa has too rigorous a cli- 
mate for fruit-raising. 

Mr. Larral)ee did not begin his political career 
until 1.SG7. He was reared as a Whig and became 
a Repul)lican on the organization of that party. 
While interested in politics he generally refused 
local odices, serving onl}' as Treasurer of the 
School Board prior to 1SG7. In the autumn of 
that year, on the Republican ticket, he was elected 
to represent his county in the State Senate. To 
this high p(jsition he was re-elected from time to 
time, so that he served as Senator continuously for 
eighteen years liefore being iiromoted to the high- 
est otiice in the State. He was so popiilar at home 
that he was generally re-nominateil liy acclamation, 
and for some years the Democrats did not even 

make nominations. During the whole eighteen 
j'ears Senator Larrabee was a member of the prin- 
cipal committee, that on Ways and Means, of which 
he was gener;illj- Chairman, and was also a member 
of other committees. In the pursuit of the duties 
thus devolving upon him, he was indefatigable. 
It is said that he never missed a committee meet- 
ing. Not alone in this, liut in private and public 
Ijusiness of all kinds, his uniform habit is that of 
close application to work. Many of the important 
measures passed by the Legislature owe their ex- 
istence or present form to him. 

He was a candidate for the gubernatorial nomina- 
tion in 1881, but entered the contest too late, as 
Gov. Sherman's following had been successfully 
organized. In 1 SS5 it was generally conceded be- 
fore the meeting of the convention that he woidd 
be nominated, which he was, and his election fol- 
lowed as a matter of course. He was inaugurated 
Jan. 14, ISSCi, and so far has made an excellent 
Governor. His position in regard to the liquor 
question, that on which political fortunes are made 
and lost in Iowa, is that the niajority should rule. 
He was personally in favor of high license, l)ut 
having been elected Governor, and sworn to up- 
hold the Constitution and execute the laws, he jiro- 
poses to do so. 

A Senator who sat beside him in the Senate de- 
clares him to be '' a man of the broadest compre- 
hension and information, an extraordinarily clear 
reasoner, fair and conscientious in his conclusions, 
and of S|)artaii lirniness in his matured judgment," 
and says that "he l)rings the practical facts and 
lihilosoph}' of human nature, the science and his- 
tory of law, to aid in his decisions, and adheres with 
the earnestness of Jefferson and Sumner to the 
fundamental i>rinciples of the people's rights." 

Gov. Larrabee was married Sept. 1 2, 1 86 1 , at Cler- 
I mont, to Anna M. Appelman, daughter of ('apt. 
G. A. Ai)i)elman. Gov. Larrabee has seven chil- 
dren — Charles, Augusta, Julia, Anna, William, 
I Frederic and Helen. 








«► 1 1 ^" 








■•» I I <• 


If bu 

HE time has arrived when it 
becomes the duty of the 
people of this county to per- 
petuate the names of their 
pioneers, to furnish a record 
of their early settlement, 
and relate the story of their 
progress. The civilization of our 
day, the enlightenment of the age 
and the duty that men of the pres- 
ent time owe to their ancestors, to 
themselves and to their posterity, 
demand that a record of their lives 
and deeds should be made. In bio- 
graphical history is found a power 
to instruct man by precedent, to 
V4/ « Avs*' enliven the mental faculties, and 
^ "^ to waft down the river of time a 

safe vessel in which the names and actions of the 
people who contributed to raise this country from its 
primitive state may be preserved. Surely and rapidly 
the great and aged men, who in their jjrime entered 
the wilderness and claimed the virgin soil as their 
heritage, are passing to their graves. The number re- 
maining who can relate the incidents of tlie first days 
of settlement is becoming small indeed, so that an 
actual necessity exists for the collection and preser- 
vation of events without delay, before all the early 
settlers are cut down by the scythe of Time. 

To be forgotten has been the great dread of mankind 
from remotest ages. All will be forgotten soon enough, 
in spite of their best works and the most earnest 
efforts of their friends to perserve the memory of 
their lives. The means employed to prevent oblivion 
and to perpetuate their memory has been in propor- 
tion to the amount of intelligence they possessed. 
The pyramids of Egypt were built to perpetuate the 
names and deeds of their great rulers. The exhu- 
mations made by the archeologists of Egypt from 
buried Memphis indicate a desire of those people 

to perpetuate the memory of their achievements. 
The erection of the great obelisks were for the same 
purpose. Coming down to a later period, we find the 
Greeks and Romans erecting mausoleums and monu- 
ments, and carving out statues to chronicle their 
great acliievements and carry them down the ages. 
It is also evident that the Mound-builders, in piling 
up their great mounds of earth, had but this idea — 
to leave something to show that they had lived. All 
these works, though many of them costly in the ex- 
treme, give but a faint idea of the lives and charac- 
ters of those whose memory they were intended to 
perpetuate, and scarcely anything of the masses of 
the people that then lived. The great pyramids and 
some of the obelisks remain objects only of curiosity ; 
the mausoleums, monuments and statues are crum- 
bling into dust. 

It was left to modern ages to establish an intelli- 
gent, undecaying, immutable method of perpetuating 
a full history — immutable in that it is almost un- 
limited in extent and perpetual in its action ; and 
this is through the art of printing. 

To the present generation, however, we are in- 
debted for the introduction of the admirable system 
of local biography. By this system every man, thougli 
he has not achieved what the world calls greatness, 
has the means to perpetuate his life, his history, 
through the coming ages. 

The scythe of Time cuts down all ; nothing of the 
physical man is left. The monument which his chil- 
dren or friends may erect to his memory in the ceme- 
tery will crumble into dust and pass away; but his 
life, his achievements, the work he has accomplished, 
which otherwise would be forgotten, is perpetuated 
by a record of this kind. 

To preserve the lineaments of our companions we 
engrave their portraits, for the same reason we col- 
lect the attainable facts of their history. Nor do we 
think it necessary, as we speak only truth of them, to 
wait until they are dead, or until those who know 
them are gone: to do this we are ashamed only to 
publish to the world the history of those whose lives 
are unworthy of public record. 














^v'..'l^-.V.'l'A>'|•J■ 'r'..'t';i'i"'.>V'.>^i-«-'>'V-'fl I 




, RESLP: Y SAUN DEES, who is a leading mer- 
chant of Mt. Pleasant, and President of the 
First National Bank of that city, is now the 
oldest living pioneer of the county, and is 
the founder and sponsor of the flourishing city 
within whose present bounds he has made his home 
for more than half a century. He was born in Flem- 
ing County, Ky., in 1<S09, and is a sou of Gunnell 
and Mary (Mazey) Saunders, both natives of Vir- 
ginia, who emigrated to Kentucky with their par- 
ents, and were married in the latter State. They were 
farmers, and lived in about the same way as other 
pioneers in the "dark and bloody ground," and 
there reared a family. In 1828 they decided to fol- 
low their sou Presley, who in the previous year had 
located at Springfield, III., and emigrated to that 
then small village. There they engaged in farm- 
ing, and remained several years, wheu once more 
they followed the footsteps of their enter|)iising 
sons, and came to Mt. Ple.asant, where both died. 
They were members of the Christian Church, and 
was respected by all who knew them. They were 
the parents of the following seven children : Jona- 
than It., who was a soldier in the Black Hawk W^ar, 
and died at Springfield, 111. ; Nancy, wife of Amos 
Locke, who with her husband died in Indiana; 
Frances, who was the wife of David Mackej', after 
whose demise she married Arthur Miller, and died 
in this county; Presley, the subject of this sketch; 
George, who is a farmer near Spriugfield, 111. ; Will- 
iam, who died in this county ; and Alviu, formerly 

a noted citizen of Mt. Pleasant, afterward Territor- 
ial Governor of Nebraska, and one of its first 
United States Senators after its admission as a State, 
and now a resident of Omaha. 

Presley Saunders was reared like the majoritj' of 
farmers' sons of his day, and received his education 
in the primitive pioneer schools of his native State. 
Wheu eighteen years old he went with a brother-in- 
law to the latter's home in Indiana; he worked for 
him a while, and then went to another place in the 
same State, but not liking the employment, which 
offered no inducements to his enterprising spirit, he 
determined to push on still farther west, his destina- 
tion being Springfield, 111., of which he had heard 
glowing accounts. He had left his liorse with his 
brother-in-law, and finding it wonld delay him to 
go back for it, he started on his 200-mile journey 
afoot. On getting to Springfield, he sought labor 
at whatever he could find to do. He mauled rails, 
l)uilt post and rail fences, worlced at day's labor, 
etc. This rude labor in the open air laid the found- 
ation of a constitution that has carried iiim to 
nearly fourscore years, and yet leaves him com- 
paratively hale and vigorous. Among his opera- 
tions while in Illinois the purchase of a farm, 
which he improved and sold at an advance. In 
1828 he and a Mr. Rogers took a drove of hogs to 
Galena, 111., feeding them on the mast found in the 
woods on the way. After disposing of the drove, 
he hired on a flatboat for a trij) to St. Louis, and 
being favorably impressed with tlie appearance of the 





country along the river, determined that whenever 
the land was opened for settlement, he would locate 
somewliere there. The treaty of 1832, after the de- 
feat and capture of Black Hawk, gave thi?^ oppor- 
tunitj', the Indians giving np possession June 1, 
1833. In the events which led to that treaty, and 
gave thi.s rich Territory* to the white man, Mr. Saun- 
ders was an active participant. On the breaking 
out of the Black Hawk War, in 1832, he enlisted in 
Capt. Moffet's company, and was in the fight at the 
Heights of Wisconsin, and at the battle of Bad Ax, 
and served until tiie capture of Black Hawk. The 
consequent treat}' prepared the way for him to keep 
the resolution formed years before, and in 1 834 he, 
with four compani(,>ns, started West. His first in- 
tention was to locate near the Mississippi, but a 
wholesome dread of the ague, inseparable in that 
day from the banks of the river, drove him farther 
inland, and the little company kept on over the 
prairie until the site of Mt. Pleasant was reached. 
Struck with the beauty of the place, and finding 
water convenient, Mr. Saunders drove his stakes 
right there. The selection was a fortunate one for 
him. In February. 1835, he brought his family 
from Illinois, and knowing this must be near the 
center of the new county whenever formed, he laid 
out a plat for a village, which he called Mt. Pleas- 
ant, a most appropriate name. In 1830 Mr. Saun- 
ders opened a store in the new village, and there be- 
gan the business life which he has followed, with 
strict integrity, and always successfully, for fifty- 
two consecutive years, making him the oldest mer- 
chant in the State, if not in the entire Northwest. 
Beside the original one, Mr. Saunders laid out 
two additional plats to the town which he founded. 
The county was organized by the Territorial Legis- 
lature of Iowa in 1838, and an old law giving the 
county the right to a quarter section for count}' pur- 
poses, Mr. Saunders gave up almost half his lots in 
the village for court-housebuildings, etc. The land 
not having yet been surveyed, he sold the balance of 
his lots to purchasers with a bond attached, guar- 
anteeing a deed when the title was secured from the 
Government. From tiiis timi^ on the rapid and 
healthy growth of the embryo city was secured, and 
Mr. Saunders reaped the reward of his foresight. 
Ills proi)erty rapidly increased in value, and that 

and the legitimate gains of a carefully conducted 
business have made him a wealth}- man, a result in 
which his life-long neighbors rejoice, taking a pride 
in the success of so justly an esteemed citizen. In 
1862, desiring to enlarge his field of operations, 
Mr. S;iunder> formed a partnership with James M. 
Kibben, and established a private bank under the 
name of Saunders & Kibben. This was the fore- 
runner of the First Natif>nal Bank of Mt, Pleasant, 
which organized under the National Banking 
Law, and of which be has been President, and a 
guiding spirit ever since its inception. To his 
sag.acious and prudent management must be attrib- 
uted in a large degree the success which has made 
it one of the soundest financial institutions in the 

Notwithstanding his prominence in the city and 
county, Mr. Saunders has .always refused to hold 
public office, but has given his attention exclusively 
to business matters. His duties as a citizen he has 
discharged in a quiet, unostentatious manner, and 
many are the quiet, good deeds recorded of him by 
those who know him best, aceoiniting in a meas- 
ure for the regard in which he is held b}' the peo- 
ple of Henry County. 

Our subject has been twice married, first in San- 
gamon County, III., in 1830, to Miss Edith Cooper, 
who was born in Tennessee, and was a daughter of 
John Cooper, a native of the s.ame State, who 
one of the earliest settlers of Sangamon County. 
Mrs. Saunders died at Mt. Pleasant in 1 836, leav- 
ing three children, of whom a daughter Mary, now 
a resident of Colorado, is the sole survivor. Mrs. 
Saunders was an estimable lady, who had the re- 
spect of the people among whom she lived : she was 
a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
The second m.arriage of Presle}' Saunders was the 
first within the bounds of Henry County. It was 
soknnnized in 1837. His wife was Huldah Bowen, 
with whom he has now passed a happy wedded life 
of over half a century. Mrs. Saunders was born 
near Chillicolhe, Ohio, in 1817, and is a daughter 
of Isaac and Rhoda Bowen, who were natives re- 
spectively of Maryland and Kentucky, who were 
married in Ohio, and removed to Mt. Pleasant, 
where both died. Mrs. Saunders is a member of 
the Christian Church, in which she is an active 







worker and a liberal supporter. Her long life has 
lieeu one of content ami happiness, and she, with 
her luisband, shares the good-will of the people of 
the city where they have lived so long. Their 
union was blessed with four children, all now liv- 
ing, viz.: Smith, who is married to Emma Jenness, 
and is a dealer in real estate in Council Bluffs, Iowa; 
Alvin B. married Alice Saunders, and was a real- 
estate dealer at Harper, Kan., Ijut is now manag- 
ing his father's store at Mt. Pleasant; Eliza, the 
wife of John Bowman, .and Etna, the wife of 
Fred Hope, all residents of Mt. Pleasant. 

As an illustration of the changes which have 
taken place during the long residence of Mr. Saun- 
ders in Henry County, he cites the fact that he had 
one child born in the Territory of Michigan, one in 
the Territoi-y of Wisconsin, one in the Territory of 
Iowa, and one in the State of Iowa, and during all 
the time wherein these births occurred, was living 
on the same quarter section, an extraordinary in- 
cident, prob.ably without parallel. 

The life of Mr. Saunders is full of encourage- 
ment to young men who have an earnest desire to 
succeed, and are possessed of the necessary quali- 
fications. His capital at the start was a good con- 
stitution, temperate and frugal habits, industry, 
and unquestioned integrity of character, with un- 
bounded pluck and perseverance, and but |.5 in 
money. From these humble beginnings he has 
raised himself to the prominent position he has held 
in the community for many years, and has acquired 
an ample fortune, and no man in the county stands 
higher in the estimation of his fellowmen then 
does Presley Saunders, the pioneer. 

For the excellent })ortrait of this honored citizen, 
which appears on an adjoining page, our readers 
are indebted to friends whf) contributed this 
memorial in honor of the most eminent pioneer 
of Henry County. That he is worthj' of the lead- 
ing place in this record of the best citizens of the 
county, will be conceded by every resident. 

[§I^ELS KLEN, a farmer residing on section 23, 
jj Wayne Township, Henrj' Co., Iowa, was 
^ born near Hesselholm, Sweden, Oct. 15, 
1838, and is the sou of Nels and Panilla (_ Benson) 

Rasmusson, born in thesanie country, where they 
were reared, married, and became the parents of 
seven children. Nels Rasmusson was a farmer 
and carpenter in Sweden, and during his life en- 
gaged in those occup.ations. He became quite 
wealthy and died in the autumn of 1878. His 
widow resides on the old homestead and has reached 
the mature .age of seventy-eight years. Only U\o 
of the children are residents of America, our sub- 
ject and Rasmus Nelson, who resides in York 
County, Neb., the husband of Louie Palmblad. The 
children living in Sweden are : Peter Nelson, who is 
the eldest brother and unmarried ; Banta, wife of 
O. Oleson, resides on the old homestead ; Anna 
came to America in 18C8, but in 1872 returned to 
Sweden where she afterward married ; Bengt, the 
youngest son, is also unmarried, and is a farmer in 
his native country. 

In 1865 our subject came to America and went 
to Galesburg, 111. He was married, December 16 
of that year, to Miss Panilla Benson, who came 
to America from Hastveda, Sweden, the same year 
with her brother John, now of Brown Count3% Kan., 
and a cousin, John Swenson. Her people remained 
aU their lives in Sweden, and died on the old home- 
stead before the daughter left her native land. A 
brother, Benjamin, preceded Mrs. Klen to America, 
coming in 1868. He became an employe of the 
Government in the Naval Department. Prospering 
greatly, he went to Helena, Mont., began mining, 
became wealthy, and now owns extensive water- 
works in that city. He was married in that country 
to a German lady and they now have three chil- 
dren. There were six children in the Benson fam- 
ily who reached adult age : the two mentioned 
above, Mrs. Klen, Mrs. John Peterson, and two 
brothers yet in Sweden — Peter, who married Bessie 
Oleson, and Nels, who is unmarried. 

Mr. Klen was acquainted with his wife in Sweden 
during her girlhood, and since their marriage many 
happy d.ays have been spent. The trials of life 
have long since been passed. When Nels arrived at 
Galesburg he only had $1 in his pocket, and being ill 
for almost six months, he ran greatly behind. Upon 
their marriage, Mr. and Mrs. Klen started even with 
the world, but with strong arms and willing hearts 
they began the battle of life, and to-day have a nice 






competency and are yet in their prime. They be- 
came residents of Henry County, Iowa, in 1872, 
having purchased his land three years previously. 
The broad acres that are now so finely iniprcjved 
were a vacant prairie, and every stick, every tree, 
everything in fact which makes life enjo3'able, have 
been placed there by Mr. Klen. No children bear 
their name. No more worth}^ family is a resident 
of the township, and since their arrival here both 
have been members of the Swedish Lutheran Church 
at Swedesburg. Nellie Patterson, known as Nellie 
Klen, has been reared from her third year by Mrs. 
Kleii, and in her tidy home Nellie has l»een taught 
all the mysteries of housekeeping. 

Mr. Klen is a Republican and received his citi- 
zenship in full in this county. He owns a fine farm 
on section 23, and we gladly give him and his wife 
a deserved place among tJie noted Swedish families 
of the county. 

-WV v\ta££/g>J^ 



) OHN P. SMITH, a farmer of Henry County, 
residing on section 16, Centre Township, 
was born near Elizabeth City, N. C, April 
11, 1818, and is of English and Welsh de- 
scent. He is a son of Samuel and Lydia (Pritch- 
ard) Smith, both of whom were natives of North 
Carolina. They were the parents of two children, 
one of whom is living, the subject of this sketch. 
Mr. Smith was previously married to Gresham 
Overton, and by this union there were two chil- 
dren, both of whom are now dead. Of all this 
family Mr. Smith is the only one left to record 
their history. John was a boy when his parents 
died and was bound out to John Gregery, a painter, 
but not liking this he ran away, and resolved to 
earn his own living. In 1838 he was married to 
Miss Julia Kenyon, a native of North Carolina, 
born in 1812. In 1843 they emigrated to Hemy 
County, Ind., and in 1 849 came to Henry Count}', 
Iowa. They made the journey with teams, camp- 
ing out at night, and located on land in Jackson 
Township. In 1830 he purciiased his present farm 
of forty acres in Center Township, situated a mile 
and a half south of Mt. Pleasant. The union of 
Mr. and Mrs. Smith has been blessed with six chil- 

dren: Thomas J. enlisted in Company K, 19th Iowa 
Volunteer Infantry, and was killed at the battle of 
Sterling Farm, in Louisiana, Sept. 29, 18C3; Will- 
iam L. also enlistetl in Company K, 19th Iowa ^'ol- 
unteer Infantry, and participated in the following 
battles: That of Ft. Morgan, Jliller's Ford, Browns- 
ville, Tex., siege of the Spanish Fort and the bat- 
tle of Mobile. He served thirtj- months and was 
always found at his post of duty. James M.,. of 
Ft. Madison, Iowa, also served in the same regi- 
ment. The other three died in infancy. 

Mrs. Smith departed this life in 1863. She was 
a sincere Christian, being a member of the Method- 
ist Episcopal Church, and a kind wife and mother. 
In the fall of 1863 Mr. Smith was again married, to 
Elizabeth J Booth, a daughter of Henry and Eliz- 
abeth Booth, who died in Guernsey County, Ohio. 
They were members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. By this last union there were live chil- 
dren : Rose E., who died Aug. 13, 1886; Bertram 
E., Jesse B., Joseph H. and Minnie E. Politicallj', 
Mr. Smith is a Republican, but before the organi- 
zation of that part}' he was a Whig. Mr. and Mrs. 
Smith are members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and are greatly respected throughout the 
commvmity. Mr. Smith has lived in Henry County 
since 1849, and lias witnessed the changes that have 
transformed it from a wild, uninhabited region, to 
one of the most cultivated counties in the State. 

-^ w - *ajei2/®^@ 


ON. JOHN S. STEPHENSON, deceased, an 
honored pioneer of Henrj- Comity, Iowa, 
of 1836, was born in \'irginia, in the old 
(^) block house :it the fort, on the site of the 
city of Parkersburg, now West ^'irginia, when the 
Northwest Territory was ceded b}- A'irgiuia to the 
I'nited States. His liirth occurred April 11, 1800, 
while his parents were temporarily seeking shelter 
at the fort from a threatened Indian attack. Their 
home properly was in Wood County, \a., to which 
they returned soon after the birth of our subject. 
His i)areuts, Edward and Elizabeth (I)ilts) Stephen- 
son, were worthy people of Scottish birth, and had 
emigrated to America in tiie first }-ears of tiie Re- 
public John S. was educated at Parkersburg, ^'a. 

HP «<•■ 




He was a farmer by occupation, and was married in 
Dearhorn County, Ind., in 1821, to Miss P^lizabeth 
Archibald, daughter of WiUiam and Elizabeth 
(White) Archibald. Mrs. Stephenson was born in 
Massachusetts, Oct. 28, 1801, and died in New 
London, Iowa, April 7, 1887. Mr. Stephenson 
removed to Dearborn County, Ind., from \'irginia, 
while a single, but resided in Hamilton County, 
Ohio, from the date of his marriage till 1836, when 
he emigrated from that county to Henr}' County, 
Iowa, and settled in what is now Baltimore Town- 
ship, on what is now known as the Britton farm. 
Three years later he removed to Jackson Township, 
in the same count}', where he bought a large tract 
of land, and was engaged in farming till 1 857, then 
removed to the village of Lowell, Baltimore 
Township, where he had established a general store 
several years before. He also had a store at Boyls- 
ton, which he left in the cue of his sons. 

Mr. and Mrs. Stephenson's familj' consisted of 
five sons and two daughters: William A., born 
Nov. 5, 1823, and died Jan. 26, 1844; Edmund 
J. was born Oct. 2, 1826, went to California in 
1849, and died at New Orleans, La., on his return 
voyage. May 2, 1854; Edward H. was born April 
27, 1829, married Permelia Smith, and is engaged 
in the drug business at New London. (See his 
sketch elsewhere in this work). Alva H. was born 
March 7, 1831, and married Nellie Kearns, and 
died April 29, 1885; his wife survives him, and 
resides in Memphis, Tenn. John S. was born Oct. 
2, 1834, and married Anna Price, and is a farmer 
of Pleasant Ridge Township, Lee Co., Iowa ; Sarah 
E., born Sept. 9, 1838, is the wife of Charles Kirk- 
patrick, of Lowell, Henry Co., Iowa; INIar^- Eliza, 
born Oct. 2, 1841, is the wife of William Jack- 
man, and resides in New London, Iowa. 

AVhen Mr. Stephenson settled in Jackson Township 
he purchased a claim on which he built a double- 
room log cabin, and named his place " Hard- 
scrabble," where he kept open house after the 
whole-souled, hospitable manner of the Virginians. 
He was known far and near, and every stranger or 
belated traveler who sought shelter with him was 
sure of a warm welcome, and the best the house 
afforded. Mr. Stephenson was a man of very 
superior mental endowments, a thorough scholar, 

■^a — 

and a great student of history and political econ- 
omy. He soon became prominent in'publicaffairs, 
and was elected Register of Land ^Claims in this 
part of the county, and Notary 1 Public, and was 
one of the first Justices of the county, and held 
that position for several yeixrs. He was chosen to 
i-epresent his district in the State Senate, and was 
influential in framing laws for the young common- 
wealth of Iowa. 

In early life he was a Whig of the pro-slavery 
t3'pe, and on the dissolution of his party in 185C 
attached himself to the Democratic party, of which 
he was an ardent supporter till the day of his death. 
While bitterl}' opposed to the policy of the Repub- 
lican party, during the war he was true to the 
Union, and the Constitution as made Lj' the fathers 
of the Republic. His fund of general information 
was comprehensive and varied, while his affable, 
courteous manner and entertaining conversation 
made him an agreeable hf)st and a welcome guest. 
His generosity was unbounded; no one ever asked 
in vain a favor within his power to grant. His 
brother Edward a gentleman of marked ability, 
and thorough culture, a great linguist, and a promi- 
nent lawyer of Virginia. His de.ath occurred 
at Mataraoras, Mex., April 11, 1870. Another 
brother, James, was born in Virginia, in 1791, and 
w;is a prominent and wealthy attorney of Wood 
County, Va. Mr. and Mrs. Stephenson were mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian Church from early life 
until its close. Mr. Stephenson continued to reside 
at Lowell until the time of his death, which 
occurred in 1866. His memory will long remain 
fresh in the hearts of his numerous friends. 

ylLLIAM L. SMITH, Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, 
one of the early settlers of Henry County, 
was born in Monongahela County, W. 
Va., Dec. 25, 1827. His father, Thomas P. Smith, 
was born in Virginia, in 1799, and was a soldier of 
the War of 1812. He married Sarah Lazell, a 
native of Monong.ahela County, Va. They settled 
in what is now West Virginia, where eight children 
were born, four sons and four daughters, four of 
whom are living: ,b)hn W., of Moundsville, W. 









Va. ; William L., the subjoot <if this sketch; ,lane, 
wife of William Logstun, v( West Xirgiiiia; 
Amanda, wifo of Frank Morgan, of l>elinonl 
County, Ohio. Thomas P. Smith was well posted on 
all affairs, and was a man iiiyhly respected in the 
country in which he lived. He died in ISoo. Mrs. 
Smith died later. 

The subject of tiiis .sketcli when four years of age 
went to live with ISIarcus Moore, and remained with 
him until nineteen years old, attending the common 
subscription schools in the winter, and working 
upon the farm during the summer months. On 
leaving Mr. Moore he returned to his old home, 
and engaged in the butchering business. On the 
;)d of July, l!54it, he was united in marriage 
with Miss Mary K. Grandstaff. a native of Marshall 
County, \'a., born in 18;U. While a citizen of 
Marshall County he appointed Deputy' Sheritf, 
and served two years. In 1855 he left his native 
State and came to Iowa, locating at Muscatine, 
wlierc he engaged in the butchering business. In 
1856 he came to Mt. Pleasant and embarked in the 
same trade, continuing in it until 18(!1. In 18G2 
he was api)ointcd United States Deputy Provost 
Marshal, and commissioned by Provost Marshal 
(General Fr_v, serving until the close of the war. Dur- 
ing this time he had some rough experiences. At Ft. 
Wayne, Ind., he came near being mobbed by rebel 
sympathizers. On the close of the war he engaged 
in the livery business at Jit. Pleasant, in wiiirh he 
continued for several years under the linn n.iuie of 
W. L. it J. M. Smith. In 18(>!i lie went to lUuling- 
anii', Kan., and embarked in the lumber tradi' 
under the firm name of Smith A' K'oads, and also at 
Wicltita, Kan,, under tlie tirni n:une of McClure it 
Co. In 1m7!I he went to Colorndi) where he 
interested in the Columbus mine, and also in the 
Tt>michi mining district, in IJunuison County". In 
188;i lie returned lo Henry Ciuinty, whore he has 
since continued to reside. Mr. and .Mrs. Smith are 
the parents of four living children: George W., 
now residing at Detroit, Mich.; Clara, wife of 
Dewitt Harden, of Monmouth, 111.; Ada, wife of 
A. W. Morton, of .Moninoulh. 111.; and Sally M., 
residing at home. 

Mr, Smith lisis taken great interest in Masonry, 
and was Miuster of Mt. Pleasant Lodge Xo. 8, for 

six years, and was a charter member of Xerium 
Lodge No. 207, of which he was appointed Worship- 
ful Master by dispensation, and was elected three 
successive terms thereafter; he wjw also High Priest 
in Henry Chapter No. 8, R. A. M., for two years, 
and was a Charter Member of Jerusalem Com- 
miuidery No. 7, K. T., in which he was Captain of 
the Guard. He has also taken the C(.)nsistory de- 
grees, being a :V2^'. In 1 8(59-70 he was Grand 
Warden of the (irand Lodge of Iowa, Politically, 
ISIr. Smith is a Hepublican. As a citizen he stands 
high in the estimation of the general public, and in 
every enterprise calculated for the jiublic good he 
is ready to do iiis part. 


v* MLLIAM SUMMERS, one of the proinimiu 
wiJ/l ^''''"'^'■* ^^^'■^ stock-raisers residing on SCO- 
'S^ tion 27, (enter Township, was born in 
Warwickshire, lingland, on the 2i)th daj- of No- 
vember, 1833, His parents were John and Mary 
(Hopkins) Sunnners, and to them three children 
were born: Richard, a machinist residing in Lon- 
don; Mary A., who died in Morgan County, AIo,, 
was the wife of W, C. Wheatlev; and William, our 
subject, Mr, and Mrs. Summers both departed 
this life in Kngland. For m;uiy years they were 
earnest workers in the Kpisct>pal Church. 

William Summers, deciding lo leave his native 
lan<l and come to America, embarked in a ship at 
Southampton for this country, in 185G. Soon 
aftei' lauding he purchased some land, but subse- 
quently removed to lleury County, where he still 
resides. In those day> hogs wore w^irth ?1.50 per 
hundred pounds, and thinking this might be a pay- 
ing iu\ estniont he killod and packed several hundred 
hogs, which he shipped to Kngland in 18(!2.' Corn 
at this time solil :it twelve :ind ^me-half cents per 
bushel, potatoes at tifleen cents, and eggs at two 
cent> per ilozen. After reni:iining in Kngland for 
about a year Mr. Summers returned lK>me. 

Mr. Sunnners was united in marriage before he 
was twenty-one years old to Kliza JIarv Wood- 
cock, a native of Kngland. born in Warwick- 
shire. Mr. and Mrs. Summers are the happy parents 
of ••even children: ,)t>seph. burn June 15, 1855, a 







resident of this cdimty; Theresa, born Dec. 8, 1856, 
wife of William R!ithd(jii, of Antehjpe County, 
Neb.; Helen, born April 3, 1863, a graduate of the 
university of Ml. Pleasant, is now a teacher in 
Fremont, Neb.; Mary, born JJec. 18, 1864, wife (^f 
William Moore, of Trenton, Mo.; Colletta, born 
April 21, 1867, now a student at the University of 
Mt. Pleasant; Maria, born Aug. 20, 1870; and 
John F., born March 6, 1874; are still inmates of 
the parental home. The deceased are William, 
Ambrose, Lucy and Waltei'. In politics Mr. .Sum- 
mers is a Democrat, and an active W(jrker for his 
party ; he has also held several township odices with 
credit to himself and to his constituents. In edu- 
cational matters he always takes an active interest, 
having a good, practical education himself, and has 
endeavored to give his children such an education. 
He is a man who keeps well [losted on the affairs of 
the county, and is always ready t<j advance any 
public enterprise. Mr. and Mrs. Summers are 
members of the C'atholic Church, and are univer- 
sally respected throughout the conimuiiiiy. 

^^^ YLVESTKR SMITH is a farmer and Post- 
^s5. master, residing <^n secti(ni .'>, Wayne 
|ll/)l) Township, Henry Co., Iowa. Only one 
person, Mrs. Elizabeth Woodruff, antedates 
oui' subject in priority of citizenship in Wayne 
Township. He was born in Lake County, Ohio, 
March 7, 1831, ;ind is a son of Sylvester and Lii- 
eretia (Woodworth) Smith, both natives of Franklin 
County, Mass. They were perhaps married in that 
State, removed later to Warren County, N. Y., and 
afterward to Lake County, Ohio, where Mr. Smith 
purchased a tract of woodland, and cleurcd up a 
fine farm prior to their removal to Iowa in 1«12. 
Sylvester .Sniitli, Sr., came the ^-ear previous and 
purchased lands, t<j wliieii tiic family removed the 
next spring. A house was erected within a few 
feet of where the fine residence of our subject now 
stands, and iierc for forty-five 3'ears the represent- 
atives of tiie honored father have held possession 
and wieldeil a power for good, both in the social 
anil business worlds. Nine children were born Ite- 
fore the family removed to Iowa, two of whom 

died in infancy, and a daughter, P^liza, when twenty 
years of age ; and the following six sons comprised 
the family in 1842: Dexter C, husband of Pluebe 
Pence, both now deceased; Edward, the husband, 
first of Celia .Schockley, and after her death of Mrs. 
Fannie (Buflington) Haines, all now deceased; 
John L., husband of Lucretia C. Woodworth; 
Elijah P., who wedded Catherine Haines, and after 
her death Addle Kimbal; Charles A., husband of 
Margaret Young; and Sylvester. The sons aided 
in the improvement of the new farm, at that time 
Wayne and Scott Townships forming one voting 
pr(;cinct, with thirteen polled voters. Through the 
instrumentality of Sylvester .Smith, .Sr., Wayne 
post-office was established in 1851, and he received 
in August of that year his commission, and a mail 
service was established between Iowa City and 
New London, one round trip made each week. 
Perry Ketchum was the first mail carrier. After 
the resignation of his father, our subject was ap- 
pointed Postmaster of Wayne, Nov. 10, 1858, his 
commission bearing the signature of Aaivni V. 
Hnnvn, Postmaster General, and from that time 
has held the place, being to-day the oldest con- 
tinuous Postmaster in the county, having for more 
than twenty-nine years filled that position. 

Charles A. Smith, one of the brothers, was u 
volunteer in Company G, 11th Iowa, and served 
from 1802 until the close of the war. He was cap- 
tured at the battle of Atlanta, July 27, 1861, and 
was confined in the (irison pen at Andersonville for 
several weeks, but was later sent to Florence where 
he was exchanged. 

Our subject, Sylvester Smith, is the son of a sol- 
dier of the War of 1812, and Sylvester Smith, Sr., 
laid his land warrant, received at that time, after 
he came to Iowa. He was an able man and one 
who aided largely in the culture and imjirovement 
of this community. Being a professed Christian, a 
ineniljer of the Congregational Church, the family 
were in attendance at the organization of the Craw- 
fordsville Congregational Church Uie next Sunday 
after they came, and when sufliciently strong to 
organize a church in Wayne Township, both him- 
self and wife aided in its establishment, Sylvester 
Smith, Sr., becoming its first Deacon, and remaining 
in that capacity the remainder of his life. The 




(leatli of that solid man occurred Dec. 21, 186.3. 
lie was known far and wide as " Yankee Smith," 
and was one of the organizers of the Republican 
part}' in this county, being an avowed Abolitionist 
for j-ears. His wife survived until Aug. 13, 187.'), 
having lived to see the principles so long advocated 
by her husband full}' established. 

Sylvester Sniitli, Jr., was married, Feb. 18, 1857, 
to -Miss Delilah J. Coen, of this count}', born in 
Washington County, Ohio, and a daughter of Will- 
iam and Racliel Coen. Both parents are now 
deceased, and only tliree of their children are liv.- 
ing: James S., who married a lady of Kansas, near 
(iarden City; Susan, wife of I'erry Ellis, of Carroll 
County, Mo.; and Delilah, wife of Mr. Smith. 

Since the spring of 1842 our subject has never 
known .-uiy other home but his present; changes, of 
course, have been made ; the roomy mansion has 
taken the placJ; of the unpretentious home of almost 
lialf a century ago ; children have been born, reared 
and married ; one generation has passed aw.ay, and 
the second is of mature years, and wealth has come 
as he and liis good wife have grown in years. Five 
children have graced their home, four now living: 
Charles S., a resident farmer of this township, 
wedded to Cliarlotte Kitch, of Marion Township; 
Harry K. is tlie husband of Margaret McKee, and 
also resides on a farm near tlie Smith homestead; 
William K. almost readied tlie .age of manhood ere 
sunnnoned from earth; Francis I. and Rosa J. are 
unmarried and still inmates of the parentid home. 
Francis has become an expert telegraph operator, 
and if his health permitted would make that his 
liusiness. We arc pleased to present this brief sketch 
of one of the oldest and best known families of the 
township, as they deserve this recognition of their 
long, useful, jjrosperous and happy domestic life 
witliin hei- boundary. 

j^^ AMUEL CANTWELL, a farmer of Henry 
_^^^ County, Iowa, resides on section 32, 

]|^^ Wayne Township. With pleasure we pre- 

~ ' sent tiiis sketch of Samuel Canlwell, one 

of tlie best known men of Wayne Townsiiip, who 

h.i- for many }cai's been a resident, and always ac- 

counted one of her most worthy citizens. He was 
born in Coshocton County, Ohio, and is the sou of 
Tlionias and Jemima (Kelley ) Cantwell. Thomas and 
probably his wife were of Irish parentage. They 
were married in Coshocton County, and during his 
lifetime Thomas Cantwell resided there. Ten 
children were born to them in that county, three 
only of whom are now living: our subject; Rachel, 
widow of Daniel Ryan, a farmer of Muskingum 
County, Ohio, and Hezekiah, a tailor of Coshocton, 
and the husband of Mary Rannels. After the 
death of Thomas Cantwell his widow married John 
Baker, a farmer of Muskingum County. 

Our subject wiis carefully reared until his seven- 
teenth year, when his mother died and Samuel was 
allowed to m.ake his own living. His step-father 
removed to Southern Illinois, where the remainder 
of his life spent. Samuel Cantwell remained 
in Ohio, working b}' the month, having had noth- 
ing left from iiis father's estate to begin business 
on. He saved his money carefully, and in 184fi 
made a trip to this county, and purchased forty 
acres of timber land. He returned to Ohio and 
continued farming in partnership with his brother 
Barn:ibas, who was also well known in this county 
as one of the early settlers, coming first in 184(! 
and later becoming a i)ermanent citizen, and until 
1874 was a familiar figure in Wayne Township. 
He removed to "Adams County, Neb., and died 
there in 1883. In 18.50 Samuel Cantwell returned 
to Iowa from his native State and ni.ade a purchase 
of 200 acres of land in this county, and went back 
to Ohio, where he remained until 1860. He 
r.apidly merging into bachelorhood before selecting 
a wife, and was thirty-three years of age when his 
marriage to Miss Charlotte Campbell was cele- 
brated. The ceremony was performed March 4, 
1852, by Rev. Wolf, a Metiiodist Episcopal minis- 
ter. Miss Campbell was the daughter of Samuel 
and Lydia (Harris) Campbell. Her father was 
born in Ireland, and came a single man to Virginia, 
in which State he was married to Lydia Harris, 
who was born near Wheeling. \\ . \a. They be- 
came residents of Washington County, and seven 
children were born before the death of the father. 
By trade Mr. Campbell was a miller, but in Ohio 
iii.iilc farming his occnpalion. .lolni. Iii> (irsl son, 

-•►-■— ^ 





married Yurith Lane, anrl resides in Douglas 
County, 111.; Lavina wedded Thomas Kinney, a 
resident ofTireat Bend, Kan.; Phn>be, deceased, 
became the wife of William James, who later re- 
moved to Kansiis; Jane married William McKane, 
now deceased, and resides in Coshocton, Ohio; 
Mary, also _ deceased, was twice married, John 
Cochrane becoming her first liusband, and William 
Dewson her last. Josephus died unmarried, and 
Mrs. Cantwell completes the family list. 

Four children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Cant- 
well before their removal to Iowa: Mary J., the 
wife of Presly Allender; Margaret, wife of George 
Meeker; Sarah E. died in childhood, and Matilda, 
wife of Samuel Taylor. In 186ft Samuel Cantwell 
and his family removed to Wayne Township, and 
upon his land he erected a small house the same 
year. Every improvement, every tree, fence and 
building, has been placed upon this tract since 
1860. Here his children "grew to maturity. Besides 
those named, other children were born in their new 
home: Emma, wife of Henry James; William II., 
now deceased; Alohzo, completing his education at 
Mt. Pleasant; Nora, Francos, Elma, Jessie M. and 
Annie M., all unmarried and inmates of the par- 
ental home. Here the faniil}- live in that style 
that comes to those of ample means, and as the 
family have increased in years so has the prosperity' 
of the parents, who for more than a quarter of a 
century have been ranked among the best families 
of Wayne Township. For several terms Mr. Cant- 
well has been connected with the School Board, and 
careful attention has been given to the education 
of his children. To such families as this Henry 
County is indebted for the business growth, pros- 
perity and social culture which so largely abound 
within its borders. 

ANIEL M. CAMPBELL, fanner and dairy- 
man, residing on section .SI, New London 
Township, was born in Ashland County, 
Ohio, Sept. 12, 1843, and is the son of 
Rol)ert and Margaret (Archibald) Campbell. His 
father was a native of Pennsylvania, born in West- 
moreland County, Jan. 26, 1800, and was descended 

from the Scotch. He married Miss Margaret Archi- 
bald in that State, by whom he had nine children, 
seven now living: the eldest. Dr. John Cam^jbell, 
residing in Gallion, Ohio, married Rachel Bryan; 
James married Ruth Cole, and is a farmer of New 
London Township; William married Lizzie Spear- 
man, and resides in Centre Township; Sarah Jane, 
wife of Thompson Chambers, a farmer of New 
London Township; Milton M., of Denver, Col., 
wedded Lucy Weston; Daniel M., a farmer of New 
London Township, wedded Mary Rhodes: Mary, 
wife of James Patten, of Centre Township. Robert 
Campbell removed to Ashland County, Ohio, in an 
earl}' day, and went from there with his family to 
Henry County in 1865, and located in New London 
Township, where he spent the remainder of his 
days, dying in June, 1877. His wife, an estimable 
lady, died in November, 1872. He spent his whole 
life in tilling the soil. 

Daniel M. was reared on a farm, and learned the 
plasterer's trade, at which he worked several years. 
He came to Henry County in the spring of 186.5, 
and was married near Salem, this county. May 30, 
1872, to Miss Mary Rhodes, daughter of John W. 
and Sarah (Thompson) Rhodes. Mrs. Campbell 
was born in Morrow, Warren Co., Ohio, Oct. 28, 
1844, and came to Henry County with her parents 
in 1851. Five children have graced their union, 
three of whom are now living. Daisy May, the 
eldest, died when four and a half j'ears old; Ross 
A. died when two and a half years old. Those liv- 
ing are Florence A., aged seven ; Daniel W., aged 
five, and Mary Helen, one 3'ear of age. Mr. and 
Mrs. Campbell are members of the First Presbj'- 
terian Church of New Loudon. iSIr. Campbell is a 
Democrat in politics. He has a fine dairy farm of 
240 acres, on which he keeps a large herd of cows, 
and manufactures butter and cheese. 

Mrs. Campbell's father, John AV. Rhodes, was 
born near Georgetown, Va., ,Iuly 10, 1800, and 
was descended from an old and highly respected 
Virginia family. He witnessed the burning of 
Washington by the British in the War of 1812. 
He moved to Morrow, Warren Co., Ohio, in 
his youth, and there married Sarah Thompson, a 
native of Virginia, boi'n of New lilngland parents. 
Her family were natives of Maine and weie of 







English descent. Mr. and Mrs. Rhodes had a 
family of eleven children, six sons and five daugh- 
ters. Clarksoii went .South prior to the late war and 
was a Captain in the Confederate army ; his death 
occurred in 1881. Samuel was a soldier in the 
Union army, a member of the California battalion, 
enlisted for a Massachusetts regiment, was cap- 
tured while on a scouting expedition, but escaped 
soon. Franlilin was a member of a regi- 
ment, was captured, and he also soon escaped; 
Newton, Milton and Wesley were in the 14th 
Iowa Volunteer Infantry; Wesley was wounded, 
Newton and Milton were talven prisoners at Shiloh, 
and both escaped from Macon, Ga. Caroline is 
the wife of Joel .Jones, of Salem Township; Hen- 
rietta is the wife of Caleb Trapp, residing in 
Florida; Eliza died at tiie age of twenty-eight; 
Mary is the honored wife of D. M. Campbell, of 
New London Township; Emma is the wife of 
Oliver Garretson, of Buffalo, N. Y. Mrs. Rhodes 
died in Ohio in 1848. Mi-. Rhodes came to Henry 
County in 1851, and settled in Tippecanoe Town- 
ship, wlierc liis death occurred in tiic spring of 1880. 
Mr. Rliodes was a second time married, to Mrs. 
Daraaris Alden, by whom he had four children, two 
of wliom are living. .Julia married Addison 
Frasier, living in Lincoln, Neb. : Edwin married 
Melissa Frasier, a sister, also living in Lincoln, 
Neb. Those deceased are Alice 1'. and Jennie. The 
mother is still living at an advanced age witii her 

OLIVER STEPHENSON, farmer and Trustee 
of W.ayiie Townsliip, Henry Co., Iowa, re- 
siding on section 18, was liorn in Southern 
.Sweden in 18.'54, and is tlie son of .Ste|ihen and 
Christiana C. (Poulson) Steplienson, who in IfSIl) 
cmigi'ated to America, settling in Trenton Town- 
ship, llcnry County. They bronglil witii Iheni 
eight children — Paul, Oliver, Charles ,J., Stephen, 
Caroline, Christiana, Mary and Louisa. The latter 
died in Chicago of ciiolera wliile on tlie way to 
luwa. ,Ste|)hcn Steplienson, .Sr., purciiased liie farm 
upon wliich Daniel Vorliies now lives, in 'I'lenton 
Township, and upon this the parents, two brotiiers 

and cue sister died. Besides Oliver, two sisters are 
now living. Caroline wedded Peter Alsen, who 
resides near Madrid, Boone Co., Iowa; and Chris- 
tiana is married to James Sexton, a native of Ohio, a 
Commercial agent for a Chicago firm, and a resident 
of Pella, Iowa. 

Our subject grew to manhood in Trenton Town- 
shii), and from boyhood developed the character- 
istics which have been so marked during his later 
years. He received but a limited school education, 
but, as his business liabits were formed he secured 
a practical one, and to-day takes front rank among 
the prominent farmers of the county. He was 
married in 1 860 to Miss M.arj- H. Johnson, also 
born in Sweden, who came alone from that country 
in 1858. The young couple began their domestic 
life ill Jefferson County, and six years later moved 
to Wayne Township, tiiis county, Mr. Stephenson 
purchasing a quarter section of land. He has made 
this one of the most beautiful farms in tlie town- 
ship, and has expended large sums of money in the 
erection of a mansion and fine out-buildings, and 
as his means increased, his acres have grown 
to a half section of land, where he resides; and he 
also owns other farms, in Nebraska, Kansas, and in 
this township aii<l in other parts of the count}', 
showing what can Ije accomplished in a few j-ears 
by industry and thrift, backed by good judgment. 
When Oliver was a lad he worked for twenty-five 
cents per d.ay, but is now one of the largest tax- 
payers in Wayne Township, and every dollar he is 
worth is tlie legitimate result of a successful busi- 

Since their mai'dage ten children have blessed the 
home of Mr. and Mrs. Stephenson : Tiliie, wife of 
John Lindell, a farmer of Wayne Township; Caro- 
line, Charles, Clara, Solomon, Archie, Alma, Mclvin 
(deceased), Ettie and George. Charles has taken 
a course at Howe's Academy, Mt. I'leasant, ;ind in 
point of education the children arc :ill intended to 
have every advantage. 

Oliver Stephenson has tilled almost ever}- town- 
ship office, and for years was President of the School 
Board, and also Treasurer from the organization 
of the independent district. He has repeatedly 
filled the offices of Township Supervisor, Township 
Trustee, and is the present incumbent and his own 





179 fl 

successor. He was one of the original members of 
the Swedish Lutheran Churcli, at Swedesburg, and 
was one of its first Trustees, being both Trustee 
and Deacon, with the exception of one year, from 
its organization. He was elected one of the Board 
of Directors of the Augustana College, of Rock 
Island, 111., in 1885, and has another year to serve. 
As a useful citizen the township and county are 
proud of Oliver Stephenson. As a family, all are 
held in high esteem, and with pleasure we offer this 
sketch of one of the best known men of his nation- 
ality in Wayne Township. 

^ OHN BANGS, a prominent pioneer of Henry 
County, Iowa, tirst settled in the township 
of New London May 29, 1838, in company 
_ with his father and family. He still re- 
sides on the old homestead, where he Las a finely 
improved farm of 440 acres, situated on section 36. 
Mr. Bangs was born in Yarmouth, Barnstable Co., 
Mass., Oct. 10, 1826, and is the son of John and 
Polly (Clark) Bangs. His father was born in 
Brewster, in the same county. The family is of 
English origin, and the first to emigrate was Edward 
Bangs, who landed from the English ship, "Anna," 
at the Plymouth Colony, Mass., in June, 1621. 
John Bangs, Sr., was born June 5, 1701, was a 
sailor in early life, and later a salt manufacturer. 
His father, John Dillingham Bangs, was born in 
Massachusetts, Dec. 30, 17.')7, and his mother. Con- 
tent (Smith) Bangs, daughter of Charles and Content 
Smith, was born May 16, 1757, in the same county 
as her husband. John Bangs, Sr., father of our 
subject, emigrated from Massachusetts with his 
family in May, 1838, and purchased a claim on 
what is now section 30, New London Township, 
and moved into a little log cabin which the f(jrmer 
proprietor had built. His family included his wife 
and five children, two boys and three girls; one had 
died in Massachusetts. Polly is the widow of 
William M. K. F'inley, now residing in Davis 
County, Iowa; Emeline was the wife of O. D. 
Laughlin, and died Sept. 6, 1851; Bethiah is the 
widow of 0. D. Laughlin, and now resides in New 
London; .John married Miss Lavina Cresap, and is 


a prominent farmer of New London Township, liv- 
ing on the old homestead; James IL, who married 
E. E. Burge, died in 187G. John Bangs, Sr.. died 
July 29, 1860, and his wife on the 10th of Sep- 
tember, 1866. They were both honored members 
of the Baptist Church. Mr. Bangs was a Democrat 
in his political views in early life, and most uncom- 
promising in his opinions. He was a strong free 
trade man, and opposed to National banks and 
monopolies. Later in life he became a Republican, 
and was just as ultra in his views from that stand- 
point. He was earnestly patriotic in his sentiments 
and was a soldier of the War of 1812. 

John Bangs, Jr., the subject of this sketch, was 
married in Danville, Des Moines Co., Iowa, July 2, 
1864, to Miss Lavina Cresap, daughter of Joseph 
Cresap. Mrs. Bangs was born in Maryland, and 
came to Iowa with her parents m 1850. Three 
children were born of their union, one son and two 
daughters: I'^mma, born July 14, 1865, now the 
wife of Charles Watkins, resides in New London 
Township; Cora, born Sept. 24, 1868;, and William 
H., born Jan. 17, 1877. The two youngest reside 
at home. Mr. Bangs has passed nearly half a cen- 
tury in Henry County as a resident of New London 
Township, during which time he has contributed 
his share to the improvement and development of 
the county. His residence, a fine brick structure, 
occupies the site of the pioneer cabin of 1838. Mr. 
Bangs is a Democrat in his views, but not an office- 
seeker, never having held office except as Super- 
visor, etc. He is a member of Charity Lodge No. 
56, I. O. O. F., of New London. 

aHARLES S. HOWE is a dealer in staple and 
fancy groceries, west side of Square, Mt. 
'' Pleasant, Iowa. He was born in Cincinnati, 
Ohio, Sept. 16, 1846, and is the son of Joseph and 
Fanny E. (Marsh) Howe. The father was born in 
Tuscarawas County, Ohio, June 21, 1819, while his 
mother was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, Nov. 22, 
1823. The pai'ents removed to Los Angeles, Cal., 
in 1877, where his mother still resides. His father 
died there May 2, 1883. The family, including 
Charles S., removed from Ohio to Taylorville, 111., y 





in 1852, and from there to Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, in 
1854. Charles learned the tinner's trade in this 
city, and opened a sliop in tliat line in 1868, at 
Marshall, now Way land, Iowa. Shortly afterward 
he started in business with his father in a general 
store at Marshall, and carried on the business until 
1870, when they returned to Mt. Pleasant, moving 
the slock of goods to this place. He continued in 
business with his father until 1.S75, and in May of 
that year he sold out to his father and was employed 
as a clerk till 1878, when he formed a partnership 
with S. and L. W. Sutton in the grocery trade, 
under the firm name of Howe & Sutton. This con- 
nection continued from Sept. 1. 1878, till April, 
1 884, when Mr. Howe purchased his partner's in- 
terest, and has since conducted the business alone. 

Charles S. Howe was married at IMt. Pleasant, 
June 6, 1872, to Miss IMar}' Sutton, daughter of 
Philip Sutton, a native of Greene County, Ohio. 
Four ehildri'u were born of their marriage, three of 
whom are now living: Charles R., born Jul}' 14, 
187.3; Frank S., born Nov. 24, 1875; Laura E., 
born Oct. G, 1880; Bert, born Sept. 22, 1884, died 
.Sept. 25, 1884. Mrs. Howe died May 10, 1885. 
Mr. Howe was married again, Jan. 2, 1887, at Mt. 
Pleasant, to Miss Nina Abbe, a daughter of Henrj' 
U. Aljbe, and a native of Hcnr}- County, Iowa. 
Her father was a soldier in the late war, and was 
one of the early settlers of Henry County. Mr. 
and Mrs. Howe are members of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church. Mr. Howe is a Republican in poli- 
tics, lie is a member of the Masonic fraternity, of 
Xenium Lodge No. 207, of Mt. Pleasant. 

c^^HOMAS MOREHEAD, one of the early 
'~~ settlers <if Butler County, Ohio, was born 
in Wostmorel.'ind Count}', Pa, in about 
178G. Ilis fatiier, Robert Morciiead, was a sol- 
dier in the War of 1812, and went to Cincinnati. 
()hii>, in 1801, and settled in Butler County, where 
Thomas was miirried to Hester Aim Shields, a native 
of Ireland, by wliom he liad a family of seven chil- 
dren: Mary Ann married (Jeorgc !'. Gi-afl, of 
Butler County, and died in thatcunnty; Jane, 
wife of Dr. Josej)!! Waterman, a I'ciebr.'ited Meth- 

odist preacher, died in Oxford, Butler Co., Ohio; 
Eliza, born in 1811, resides in this (Henry) county; 
Thomas married Miss Ann Be vis; Hester Ann, wife 
of William Pottenger, of Preble County, Ohio; 
Caroline, wife of William Lytic, came to this county 
where she afterward died ; her husband was sup- 
posed to have been murdered near Hamilton, Ohio, 
and his body thrown into the Miami River. John, 
who .settled in this count}' in 1840. Thomas More- 
head and wife were members of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church and for some years he was a Class- 
Loader. He was a man highly respected in the 
county where he lived. In politics, he was a stanch 
Jackson Democrat. 

Joiui S. Morehead was an earlj' settler of Henry 
County, Iowa. He was born in Butler Count}', 
Ohio, Aug. 12, 1820, and there grew to manhood 
and received a liberal education. In the fall of 
1846 he married Miss Charlott Forbes, a native of 
Butler County, Ohio, born .Jan. 1, 1827. Soon 
after their marriage they came to Henry County 
and located in Centre Township, where they re- 
mained until their death. Six children were born 
unto them, four of whom are living: Hester, wife 
of Erskine Becker, residing in New London Town- 
ship; Mary, wife of Nelson Cornick, of this county ; 
Callie, residing on the old homestead; Annettie, 
wife of Cornelius Smith, of Jefferson County, Iowa. 
Tlie deceased are John and an infant daughter. Mrs. 
Morehead died in 1865. Slie was a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church and a sincere Christian 
woman, loved by all. Mr. Morehead came to 
Iowa in the same year it was admitted into the 
Union of States. The greater part of the connti-y 
at this time was in a wild state, and in common with 
the pioneers generally he had but little capital 
other than a brave heart and willing iiands. He 
went immediately to work and soon had a splendid 
farm under a high state of cultivation. He was a 
man of marked ability, one calculated to make 
friends wherever known. Religiously, he was con- 
nected Willi the Methodist Episcopal Church, and 
as a member of that body did all in his power to 
advance liie Master's cause. Politically, he was a 
stanch Democrat, a Jinn believer in the principles 
advocated by Jefferson and Jackson. A friend of 
education, he gave each of his children opportunity 

» ► M ^ 





sufficient to become well versed in the various 
sciences of the day. June 21, 1887, Mr. Morehead 
was trampled by a frightened horse, which caused 
his death June 26, 1887. He was a kind husband 
and an indulgent parent, and no man could say 
aught against him. His death was universally 
mourned alike by his family and friends. 

Miss Eliza Morehead, the sister of John, has al- 
ways made her home \vith the family. She is a 
woman of superior ability and has been a member 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church for many years. 
Of a family of seven children she is the sole surviv- 
ing one. 

LFRED J. CAMPBELL is among the 
01 oldest and best known citizens of Henry 
Count3'. He was born in Sussex County, 
Del., April 2, 1816, and is a son of Rob- 
ert and Hannah (Hazard) Campbell, both na- 
tives of the same State, where their whole lives 
were passed. They were the parents of four sons 
and three daughters who grew up. Besides the sub- 
ject of this sketch, one other member of this fam- 
ily is now living, a brother, John S., who is now in 
his seventy-seventh j^ear and is a resident of Passa- 
dena, Cal. Both of his parents died when Alfred 
J. was six years old, and he went to live with older 
brothers and sisters. He received such education 
as the schools of that day afforded, and was reared 
on a farm until he was fourteen years old, when he 
came West with an older brother, William H., who 
kept a general store at Shelby ville, Ind. He was in 
his brother's employ for eight years, when he began 
on his own account in the same town. Two years 
later he began trading in the South, and some- 
times clerking, usuallj' spending the summers in 
the North. 

On the breaking out of the Mexican War, Mr. 
Campbell enlisted in the 3d Indiana Volunteers, 
under Capt. Sullivan, their Colonel being the after- 
ward celebrated Gen. James H. Lane, of Kansas 
border war fame. He participated in the battle of 
Bueiia Vista, fought by Gen. Taylor against tre- 
mendous odds, and which was one of the most 
brilliant victories of that war. On his return to 
peaceful pursuits he again settled in Shelby County, 

Ind. Mr. Campbell was married in September, 
183;), at Dayton, Oliio, to Miss Mary Sullivan, who 
died in July, 1848. The fruit of this union was 
one child who died in infancj'. In Seiitember, 
1849, Mr. Campbell was married to Mrs. Prudence 
Lockhart, widow of Benjamin Lockhart, of Ripley 
County, Ind., who died July 1.5, 1848. This couple 
had no children. 

In 1853 Mr. and INIrs. Campbell emigrated to 
Iowa, settling on a farm in Henry County, on which 
he lived for twent}- years, and on which, by the aid 
of his industrious and thrifty habits and good 
judgment, he accumulated a competence. In 1873 
he retired from active life on the farm and removed 
to his present home in Mt. Pleasant. In earlj- life 
Mr. Campbell acted with the Democratic party, but 
on the breaking out of the Rebellion joined the 
ranks of the Republicans with whom he has ever 
since affiliated. In his religious views he is a be- 
liever in Christianity and a liberal supporter of 
churches, but not a member of any denomination. 
His wife is a member of the Christian Church. A 
man of sound judgment, well informed as to public 
matters, and of undoubted probity of character, 
Mr. Campbell commands the respect of his fellow- 



VILLIAM SMITH, born Oct. 5, 1833, is a 
native of Beaver County, Pa. He resides 
on section 20, Trenton Township, where 
he owns a fine farm of eighty acres. AVhen but a 
lad of twelve years he emigrated with his parents, 
Robert and Nancy (Bryarly) Smith, natives of 
Pennsylvania, to Indiana. In that State William 
was reared on a farm and received his education at 
the district schools. He came to this county in the 
fall of 18.55 with his parents, who subsequently re- 
moved to Decatur County, where they both died. 
The father departed this life in August, 1877, and 
the mother in August, 1885. They were both 
members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He 
was a Republican, always taking a lively interest in 
jjolitical affairs. They reared a family of eight 
children : Sarah S., wife of John Jones, now resides 
in Decatur County, Iowa; Jane M., widow of John 

Bouse, now living in Tipton County, Ind. ; AVill- 
1 ^ 






iaiii. (iiir subject; Agnes, wife of Isaac Dick, resid- 
ing in Indiana; Margaret, widow of Jolin Stone, of 
Decatur County, Iowa; Robert, a soldier in tlie 
34th Iowa Volunteer Infantry, enlisted in August, 
18G2, and died at Helena, Ark., when fighting foi' 
hi.s country ; Mary A., wife of Preston Creveling, 
of Decatur County, Iowa; Louisa Ann died in 

William Smith, our subject, went with his par- 
ents to Decatur Countj^ Iowa, in the spring of 
1856; remaining but a short time, he returned to 
Henry County, engaging as a farm hand, then rent- 
ing farms until October, 1861, when he responded 
to his country's call for troops. He enlisted in 
Company D, 4th Iowa Cavalry, and served until 
Aug. 9, 1864, as Corporal. His eyes became sore 
and he suffered from other disabilities, from the 
effects of which diseases he has never fully re- 
covei'ed. After his discharge he returned to Henry 
County, and was united in marriage, in February, 
1865, with Rhoda Ann Messer, a native of Henrj' 
County, and a daughter of Hiram Messer. He made 
his home upon a rented farm on section 20, Tren- 
ton Township, until 1873, when he made a home 
on a farm of eighty acres which he had previously 
bought, and has developed a good farm. 

Mr. and Mrs. Smith were the parents of two chil- 
dren — W. G. and E. M. His first wife died April 
14, 1870, and ho was .again married in 1873, to 
Margaret Messer, a sister of his former wife, and 
by their union eight children have been born — Will- 
iam Sherman, Robert Hiram, John Miller, Ann 
Eliza, Rosa Blanche, Maggie Luella, Nanc}' Ade- 
line and .lames Harlan. Mr. Smith has held the 
office of Township Trustee for six years. Politically 
he is Republican. He is one of the stanch sup- 
porters of the party, and takes great interest in all 
political affairs. Mr. Smith commenced life a poor 
boy, and has made his own way in the world with- 
out .a.ssistance. 


J' OB CODNER, a farmer residing at New 
London Village, has a finely imjjroved farm 
of 205 acres adjoining the east city limits, 
another of seventy-seven acres in the same 
township, besides forty acres of good timber. Mr. 

Codner was born at Athens, Athens Co., Ohio, in 
December, 1820. His father, .John C. Codner, was 
a large land-owner in that county, but was born in 
Rhode Island, his parents being of French descent. 
The name uriginally was Cadnea, liut was changed 
to Co<lner bj' the founder of the family in America. 
John Chaplin Codner, our subject's father, was a 
farmer by occupation, and died in 1823, when his 
son Job was in his fourth year. His wife, Job's 
mother, was Fanny Tillinghast before marriage. 
She was also born in Rhode Island, and was of En- 
glish descent. Her death occurred in 1828. Left 
an orphan at the age of eight years, Job was placed 
in the care of a widow, Mrs. Esther Miller Ming- 
ham, a Connecticut woman of sterling practical 
sense and kind heart, and under her judicious cai-e 
Job was reared to industrious, frugal habits, and 
taught to be truthful, upright and honest. Mr. 
Codner still reveres the memory of his foster 
mother as one who did much to lay the foundation 
of a character that has aided him materially in his 
successful business career. 

Mr. Codner was married at Athens, Ohio, to a 
"maid of Athens," Miss Hannah Raj'nor Graham, 
daughter of Josiah and Clarissa (Ra^-nor) Graham, 
a native of Athens. Mrs. Codner's father was born 
in Scotland during a brief sojourn of his parents in 
that country while refugees from the North of Ire- 
land during the Irish rel)ellion. His people were 
Scotch-Irish of the old-school Presbyterian sort. 
He emigrated to America in his youth, and married 
Miss Clarissa Raynor on Long Island. .Mrs. Gra- 
ham was born on Long Island and was of Scotch 

Mr. and Mrs. Codner have two children, sons: 
Henr^' Hayes, born near West Point, Lee Co., Iowa, 
Nov. 17, 1850, wlio is a farmer of New London 
Township; the 3'ounger son, John C, was also 
born near West Point, Iowa, on the 6th of April, 
1855, and is married to Lillie Biesen, and is a 
farmer of New London Township, where he has a 
well-improved farm of eighty-one acres. Mr. and 
Mrs. John C. Codner have three children, two 
daughters and a son : Irena Maude, born Sept. 16, 
1882; Mabel May, born Dec. 5, 1884, and Leroy 
Champlin, born Sept. 3, 1887. Mr. Codner came 
to Iowa in 1817, purchasing a farm in Lee Count}' 




and then returning to Ohio. He sold his land soon 
afterward, but returned to Iowa with liis family in 
1850, and purchased another farm near West Point, 
Lee Countjs which he improved and cultivated 
until 1864. He then came to Henry Count}', lo- 
cating in New London Village, and one year later 
purchased a farm in New London Township and 
again engaged in tilling the soil. Having a turn 
for speculation, and possessing a good knowledge 
of values, he sold and bought several farms in rapid 
succession, making money l>y every transfer. In 
1878 he purchased the farm of 20.") acres near the 
east village limits which he still owns, and the ele- 
gant residence in the village, his jiresent home. Mr. 
Codner has not confined himself strictly to farm 
life, but has traveled over the world more or less. 
In 18.56 he made a trip to Texas, going overland 
through the Indian Territory. He left home in 
September, 1856, spent the winter in Texas and re- 
turned via the Red River, Louisiana, Arkansas and 
Missouri. While in North Missouri he was stricken 
with Spanish or yellow fever and came near dying. 
He reached home on the 25th of May, 1857. On 
the 16th of September, 1869, he started with 
his family for a cruise to the Pacific Slope, spent 
two months in California, visiting .San Fsancisco 
and other chief points of interest, and then returned 
to Iowa. In his younger days he was an old-line 
Whig, and on the formation of the Republican 
party, joined that organization, and has since been 
an earnest supporter of the party. Mr. and Mrs. 
Codner are members of the Baptist Church, and are 
highly respected by that society and by the entire 
community in which they make their home. 


■^.r^ «S 

^=^EORGE SHANER, merchant. New London, 
[|[ ,— , Iowa, a pioneer of Henry County of 1844, 
^^Jj was born in Westmoreland County, Pa., 
Jan. 15, 1840. His parents, George and Juliana 
(Bricker) Shaner, were Pennsylvanians by birth and 
of German descent. The family originally settled 
in Maryland, and went from there to Westmore- 
land County, Pa., where the father was born. 
George came to Iowa with his parents in 1844, 
when but a child. They spent a short time in 
Burlington and then came to New London. 


The subject of our sketch was educated in the 
village schools of that place, and on the breaking- 
out of the Civil War he was among the first to enter 
the .service in defense of the Union. He enlisted 
in June, 1861, and was sworn into the United 
States service July 17 following as a private of 
Company H, 6th Iowa Infantry, under command of 
Col. John Adair McDowell, who was succeeded by 
Col. John M. Corse, late Major General. His regi- 
ment was assigned to duty in the Army of the Ten- 
nessee, under Gen.' Slierman. The history of 
the 6th Iowa Infantry was one of hard-fought cam- 
paigns in which the regiment made a brilliant rec- 
ord for brave and efficient .service, and during 
which time it sustained a loss of 140 men killed 
outright in line of battle, and 349 wounded. The 
first important battle in which the regiment engaged 
was the battle of Shiloh, where they entered with a 
force of 600 men and sustained a loss of 284 in 
killed and wounded. Our subject participated in 
the following-named engagements: Battles of Shi- 
loh, March 16, 1862; siege of Corinth, May, 1862; 
siege of Yicksburg, winter of 1862-6.3. At the 
battles near Jackson, July 16, 1863, the regiment 
covered Itself with glory and was highly compli- 
mented in the reports of the general officers. In 
the mouth of November, 1863, it was engaged in 
the battle of Mission Ridge. In December follow- 
ing, the regiment took jiart in the famous expedi- 
tion for the relief of Knoxville, Tenn. Early in 
1864 the regiment veteranized and became the 6th 
Iowa Veteran Volunteers, and was granted a thirty- 
days furlough. Returning at the expiration of 
the furlough, about the last of April, 1864, it 
rejoined Sherman and fouglit the battles of Resaca, 
May 14 and 15; Dallas, May 28; New Hope, June 
1 to 4; Big Shanty, June 15, and Kennesaw on 
the 27th; then in all the great battles before At- 
lanta, July 21, 22 and 28, and at Jonesboro, in the 
rear of Atlanta, on the last of August and first of 
September. The roster at Dalton showed not more 
than 400 men when the regiment returned from 
veteran furlough, and on the campaign before At- 
lanta the casualties numbered over 200. When 
the regiment started with Sherman on his famous 
march to the sea, it numbered but little more than 
one full company. It took part in the battles of 



J 184 



Griswoldville, Ga., Nov. 22, 1864, where they r<uf- 
fered severely. It participated in the battle of 
Bentonville, March 20, 1805, the last battle of Sher- 
inan's campaign. In addition to the battles enumer- 
ated, Mr. Shaner tooli part in nnmerous skirmishes 
and many minor engagements. During all of 
this active and perilous service he fortunately es- 
caped without a scratch or a wound, but hardship 
and exjMjsure in a hot climate impaired his health 
seriously, producing a chronic complaint peculiar 
to the soldiers of the late war, but he kept to his 
post, driving ambulance when he could not march, 
until he finally discharged, April 13, 18G5,just 
at the close of the war. On his return from the 
war, and partial recovery of his health, he engaged 
in milling at New London. lie was employed at 
that work until 18CH, when he went to Oregon, 
Linn Co., Iowa, where he spent three years in a 
mill at Ilarrisburg. He then returned to New Lon- 
don, and in 1872 engaged in mercantile business. 
Mr. Shaner carries a fine stock of general merchan- 
dise and has built up a good trade. 

He was married at New London, Oct. 3, 1872, to 
Miss Mary E. L^'man, daughter of Ambrose Ly- 
man, Esq. Mrs. Shaner was born near Columbus, 
Ohio. Tiiey have four children, three sons and a 
daughter: Ambrose L., born Sept. 17, IStS;- 
Charles Ira, born Jan. 24, 1875; Aria Belle, born 
Jan. 23, 1878. and Ora J., Dec. 22, 1884. -Mr. 
Shaner is a Master Mason, a member of New Lou- 
don Lodge No. 28, A. F. & A. M., also a member 
of Charity Lodge No. 56, I. O. O. ¥. Politically, 
he is a Republican, having always voted with that 

London, Iowa, and a pioneer of Ilenrj' 
County of 1836, was born in Dearborn 
County, Ind., April 27, 1830. His parents, John 
S. and I';h'/,abctli (Archibald) Stephenson, were 
.'inKing the eaily jiioneers of Henry County, 
Iowa. His father was born in Wood County, \' a., 
April 11, 1800. lie came to Henry County, Iowa, 
in 1836, and was prominent in the early history of 
that countj', at one lime representing his district 



i in the State Senate (see sketch elsewhere in this 

! work). 

Our subject removed with his parents in early 
childhood to New Haven, Hamilton Co., Ohio, and 
from there to Henry County, Iowa, in 1836. He 
was brought up on his father's farm, and in the 
spring of 1849, in company with his elder brother, 
Edmund J., he started overland for California with 
ox-teauis for conveyance. The long and tedious 
journe}' was accomi)lished in safety after encounter- 
ing numerous adventures and hardships incident to 
crossing the plains in those early days. His party 
was fortunate in not finding the Indians so hostile 
as they became a few years later. The experience, 
however, was peculiar and attractive to our subject, 
who was but a boy in his teens. Arriving in Cali- 
fornia, young Stephenson engaged in placer min- 
ing, washing the precious metal by hand with the 
traditional rocker. Later he engaged with the 
Government at Benicia, building docks and ware- 
houses, spending three j'ears in that line. Mr. 
Stephenson remained in California five years, and 
was quite successful in his various ventures. He 
returned home via Panama and New Orleans. His 
brother Edmimd had been failing in health for some 
time before they started on their return voyage. 
He succeeded in reaching New Orleans, where he 
died May 2, 1854. After burying his brother, Mr. 
Stephenson returned to Henry County, Iowa, and 
engaged in farming. In 1857 he went to Lowell 
in the same county, where he engaged in milling 
and general merchandising in company with Dr. E. 
Archibald. He was manied at Lowell, Henr\- County, 
in April, 1851), to Miss Permelia Smith, daughter of 
Hiram Smith. Mrs. Stephenson was born in Lee 
County, Iowa, where her people were pioneers. 
Mr. and Mrs. Stephenson have two daughters, 
Clara and Nora. Mr. Steiihenson continued in 
business at Lowell until 1873, when he removed to 
New London and engaged in the dry -goods trade 
in company with Mr. Stoddard, under the firm 
name of the " Stoddard Company." That connec- 
tion continued till 1877, when he sold out and lived 
retired until 1884, when he commenced the drug 
business at New London, which he still carries on. 

Mr. Stephenson is an e.arnest Democrat in his 
political views, and a cordial supporter of the pres- 














ent National administration. He is a Master 
Mason and a uiembor of New London Lodge No. 
28, A. F. & A. M. He was made a Mason in Lowell 
Lodge No. 48, in 1858. The lodge was removed 
to Danville in 1864. Mr. Stephenson is one of the 
oldest settlers of Henry Count}', and is widely 
known and highl}' resjjected. His mother, a lady 
who was held in high esteem b}' all who knew her, 
survived her husband and lived to the good old age 
of nearly eighty-six years. She was born Oct. 28, 
1801, and died April 7, 1887. 

-^•-* ^ ?~^~g^? r"f~: ^ — • — 

'Jp H. DRAKE, M. D., the most prominent and 
successful practicing homeopathic physician 
of Mt. Pleasant, Henry Co., Iowa, was born 
^^^ in St. Thomas, Canada, Dec. 28, 1845. His 
ancestors were of Scotch and English descent, and 
came to America prior to the Revolution, settling 
in Northern Vermont. His paternal grandfather 
espoused the cause of the British during that 
struggle and removed to Canada, where his family 
were reared. The parents of the subject of this 
sketch were William and Eliza (Malott) Drake. 
The former was by occupation a builder and con- 
tractor, but later in life became a farmer, owning a 
large tract of land in Essex Countj^ Ontario, Can- 
ada. He was a prominent and well-known citizen, 
and a leader in the public affairs of that countj' 
and Province, and had held many local oflices. He 
was a man of unquestioned integrity, and de- 
servedly stood high in the estimation of the com- 
munity. He was a prominent member of the 
Masonic fraternity, and for seventeen years was 
Treasurer of the lodge in Kingsville, where he lived. 
He was also an ardent and consistent friend of the 
cause of temperance, antl abstained not only from 
the use of intoxicating liquors but of tobacco in 
every form. He and his wife were life-long com- 
municants of the Episcopal Church, and were 
known as zealous and efficient church workers. 
Mr. Drake died Feb. 4, 1882, aged seventy-six, his 
wife preceding him to the grave twenty years, 
dying Feb. 3, 18fi2, aged forty-five. Of their ten 
children, the following six are now living: James 
W., Thomas and Benjamin, contractors and 

builders, residing .at Kingsville, Canada; Margaret, 
wife of David Fuller, of Amherstburg, Canada; 
Kenneth M., a farmer at Meston, Canada, and Dr. 
J. H. The latter received his primary education 
in the common schools of his native place, and 
when seventeen years old came alone to Sandusky, 
Ohio, where he entered the graded school. Having 
from boyhood an ardent desire to become a phy- 
sician, he read all the medical works he could find, 
and in that way obtained a good general knowledge 
of the healing art. His means were limited and he 
was compelled to work his way through college, 
which he did successfully, graduating with honor 
in 1874. That same year he went to Linn County, 
Iowa, engaging in practice at Mt. Vernon, and 
acquiring a large and paying clientage and an ex- 
cellent reputation. Owing to his arduous labors in 
his extensive practice his health failed, and for a 
time he was compelled to rest. In the winter of 
1879-80 the Doctor attended Il.ahnemann Medical 
College, Chicago, where he gave especial attention 
to the study of diseases of the eye and ear, in 
which specialty he has been exception.tlly successful. 
In 1880 he settled in Mt. Pleasant, this county, 
where fi'om the first he has had a large and lucra- 
tive practice, and has gained a reputation as a 
skillful, kind and painstaking physician and surgeon, 
of which he may justly be proud. 

In 1871 Dr. Drake was married to Miss Mary E. 
Boyingtou, a native of Saratoga Countj^ N. Y., 
born in September, 1853. Their union has been 
blessed with four children — Frank J., Leon D., 
Carrie G. and William B. Dr. Drake is a member 
of the Hahnemann Medical Society of this State, 
and filled the office of Treasurer in 1885 and 1886. 
He is also a member of the Cedar Valley Medical 
Association, of which he was Secretary for three 
years. He is essentially a self-made man, and no 
person living in Henry County to-day is entitled to 
greater credit for raising himself from a compara- 
tively humble position to one of eminence in his 
profession, of which he is a leading member. He 
is still a student, as is every first-class member of 
the profession, and keeps abreast of all the latest 
discoveries in medical science. He possesses by 
far the finest collection of instruments and appli- 
ances of anj' physician in the county, and 



•■» ^B 4 




apartments fitted up for the administering of 
Turkish, Russian and vapor baths, and for electrical 
treatment and the practice of dentistry. He and 
his wife are active workers in the cause of temper- 
ance, Mrs. Drake being now Grand Superintend- 
ent of Juvenile Templars, having charge of the 
juvenile work under the auspices of the State 
Lodge of the Independent Order of Good Templars, 
and the Doctor is Grand Deputy Chief Templar for 
this district. Both are also members of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church of Mt. Pleasant, the 
Doctor filling the office of Steward. He is also a 
Master Masun, a member of Xenium Lodge No. 
108, A. F. & A. M., and politically is a warm 
supporter of the Republican part3', and in every 
way an honored citizen of the county'. 

The portrait of this gentleman appears on an 
adjoining page. 

AMUEL I. SHANER, merchant. New Lon- 
don, Iowa, dealer in clothing, gents' fur- 
nishing goods, notions and jewelry, and ex- 
County Treasurer, is a pioneer of Henry 
County of 1844. He was born in Westmoreland 
County, Pa., Dec. 7, 1832, and is the son of 
George and Juliana (Bricker) Shaner. His father 
was born in the same county, while his father's par- 
ents were of German birth, who on emigrating to 
America first settled in Maryland, and removed 
from there to Westmoreland County, Pa. Samuel 
came to Iowa with his parents in 1844, landing in 
Burlington on the lOtli of April; ten da3'S later they 
came to New London. His father was a tailor by 
trade, and engaged in that business until 1850, when 
getting the gold fever, he went overland to Cali- 
fornia, where he spent seven years in mining and 
other pursuits, and returned home in 18/)7, via 
Panama and New York. On his return he entered 
the service of the Burlington & Missouri Rall- 
waj' Company, as Station Agent at New London ; 
his death occurred in the winter of 187(5. 

Samuel learned the tailor's trade, but not being 
pleased with that vocation, did not follow it. He 
entered the service of the Burlington ifc Missouri 
Railway Company as agent at New London 

in 1858, Ijeing the second person to serve in that 
capacity at that place. He was retained in the 
company's employ until 1 872, covering a period of 
fourteen years, during which time he served as 
Station Agent, first at New London, as we have 
said, next at Fairfield, then atOtturawa, and again 
at New London. In 1872 he engaged in mercan- 
tile business at New Loudon, and continued it 
until 1882. He was elected Treasurer of Henry 
County in the fall of 1879, and entered upon the 
duties of the office ,Tau. 1, 1880. He was re-elected 
and served until Jan. 1, 1884. Mr. Shaner made a 
capable awd faithful officer. He had continued the 
mercantile business up to the close of his first term 
of office. He did not again I'esume active business 
until 1886, when he engaged in his present trade. 
He has held various local offices, and has taken an 
active part in public affairs. He was married at 
New London, Jan. 27, 1859, to Miss Martha G. 
McManus, a daughter of James N. McManus. Mre. 
Shaner was born in Fairfield, Ind. Thej' have two 
children, a daughter and a son. The daughter, 
Clara L., is the wife of M. B. Cullum, of St. Paul, 
Minn. The son, Frank N., was born at New Lon- 
don, Aug. 24, 1870, and is with his father in the 

Mr. Shaner is a Republican in politics, and has 
licen associated with that party since its organiza- 
tion. He has man}' friends in the count}', and 
bears an honoralile name in the comniuuity in 
which he resides. 


■^OEL C. GARRETTSON, farmer, is one of 
the oldest settlers within Jackson Township, 
and for many years has been prominent in 
(^// its history. He was born in Highland 
County, Ohio, Dec. 1.'), 1809, and is a son of Isaac 
and Alice (I'axton) Garrettson. Isaac Garrettson 
was a native of Adams County, Pa., and his wife 
was born in Stafford County, Va., and was a 
daughter of John and Mary Paxton, who soon after 
her birth removed to Loudonn County, in the same 
State. Later the I'axtons removed to Logan 
Countj-, Ohio, where the parents died at a ripe old 
age. They vvere the parents of four sons and five 






daughters, the youngest of whom, Susan, wedded 
Richard Shockly, removing to Jefferson County, 
Iowa; the remainder staid in Ohio. Isaac Garrett- 
son was l)orn May 17, 1765, married his wife in 
Grayson County, Va., April 5, 1801, and died 
Dec. 13, 1844. His wife, Alice, was born May 
19. 1769, and died Nov. 18, 1855. Soon after 
marriage the young couple emigrated to Highland, 
now Clinton Country, Ohio, traded for lands, and he 
began farming. Their tract comprised 230 acres 
of virgin woodland, which he cleared up, the first 
settlement being made about 1824. In that State, 
Joel C. and Isaac H., the latter now a resident of 
Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, who wedded Jeauette Pringle, 
were born. Their two eldest children, John G., 
who wedded JMary Goodson, and Mary A., wife of 
D. W. Henderson, of Salem, were born in 'N'irginia. 
After a lengthy experience in pioneering in Ohio, 
the Garrettson family removed to Iowa, being [ire- 
ceded by their sons, Isaac and .Joel, who located in 
this county in June, 1837. Our subject was 
married prior to their coming, to Miss Elizabeth P. 
Goodson, of Franklin County, Ohio. She was a 
daughter of George and Rebecca Goodson, of Vir- 
ginia, who left that State at an earl}- daj' and 
became pioneers of Ohio. Of the Goodson familj- 
there were six daughters and five sons, of whom the 
youngest son, George, married Eliza Hoffman, and 
they now live in Madison County, Ohio, and he is 
the onlj' survivor of the family. and Joel Garrettson both took claims, our 
subject selecting his present homestead, Isaac taking 
lands in Lee County, adjoining. These they 
secured at the first land sale in Burlington. As an 
incident of that sale, Mr. Garrettson informs the 
writer that ff>r all the registered claims in this 
township he was the bidder on behalf of the 
respective claimants, and perhaps the only man 
now living in this county who performed the same 
service. Isaac Garrettson was the inventor of the 
first nail cutting and heading machine ever in- 
vented, of which there is any record, and which 
was patented while George Washington was Presi- 
dent, the patent bearing the name of the Father of 
his Country. 

The first cabin built by Joel Garrettson was 
erected on the creek ou the east half of the south- 

west quarter of section 27. Their first son, Amos 
P., was born in Ohio; Emilj' R. was bc>rn in the 
first cabin built on their purchase in Iowa, on 
March 15, 1840. With two yoke of cattle hitched 
to a wagon, the journey was made from Ohio, and 
the team played no unimportant part after they 
were fairly settled. They turned over the virgin 
sod, drew the logs for their cabins, and as both 
brothers brought with them a horse, they also had 
a team for driving. Our subject and his brothers 
began life in the new country like other pioneers. 
They built their own cabins, split the puncheons 
for floors, and fashioned the clapboards for the 
roof. They also made a •' hominy mortar " of a 
hollowed log, and with a pestle made with a spring 
pole, somewhat similar to the old well-sweep, the 
corn was crushed into meal, and some of the neigh- 
bors, among whom were Ephraim Ratliffe and wife, 
patronized the primitive mill. The prosperous days 
that came later on did away with all that kind of 
labor, and the crushed corn was replaced by bolted and wheaten flour. Flocks and herds dotted 
the pastures, and almost before our subject and his 
young wife were aware of it they were wealthy 
people and the parents of a family of children, 
whose merry voices made the walls of the old cabin 
ring with their shouts of glee. As tlie days went 
by a modern house took the place of the pole cabin. 
The deer and wolves no longer raced across the 
prairies; the Indians who for years had hunted 
over the now fertile lands had gone, and Mr. Gar- 
rettson's remark to his friends when leaving Ohio, 
" that he had come West to secure lands and grow 
with the growth of the country," was fully real- 
ized. The children of Mr. and Mrs. Garrettson 
are: Amos, wedded to Mary A. Huffman, and who 
is a resident mechanic of Leon, Decatur Co., Iowa; 
Emily R. is the wife of Irenius M. Hoffman, a 
mechanic of Indianapolis, Ind. ; Julia, wife of Ben- 
jamin F. Pratt, a resident physician of Clarks, 
Merrick Co., Neb., is a gi-aduate of Whittier 
College, and also of the Florence Heights Medical 
College, New Jersey ; Albert H., the husband of 
Louisa Smith, is a graduate of the State University, 
and a resident attorney of Keokuk; John G., also 
graduated at Whittier and the State University, 
wedded Laura Bartlett, and is his brother's law 





partner, the firm Ijeiiig favorably known as Gar- 
rettson & Garrrttson; Owen A. graduated at 
Whittier College, and resides with his father on 
the farm, and is married to Miss Emma J. Diltz, a 
sister of Dr. Diltz, and daughter of Thomas Diltz, 
a well-known citizen of this township. 

Long since our subject gained a competence, and 
he and his wife for years took life easy. They 
lived uprightly, did faithfully their life work, and 
in their mature age, before death came to break 
their long companionship, could look upon children 
who are prominent factors in the business and 
social world. Having passed with honor all the 
offlcial positions in the gift of the i)eople of his 
township, Mr. Garrettson resigns public life to 
younger men. The golden wedding anniversary 
of Mr. Garrettson and his wife was celebrated in 
188G, and all their children were present. They 
were the grandparents of sixteen children and one 

On Dec. 4, 1887, the Angel of Death entered 
the happy home, and the loving wife and faithful 
mother passed from earth, rendering up her soul to 
Him who gave it, and the aged husband was left to 
mourn the loss of a tender wife, by whose side he 
had passed more than half a century. She was a 
noble woman, who nobly discharged all her duties, 
and was truly a helpmeet to her husband. Her end 
came suddenly and peacefully, and her memory is 
enshrined in the hearts of not only her family but 
of a large circle of friends, by whom she was held 
in high esteem. Mrs. Garrettson was born May 5, 
1816, in Franklin County, Ohio. 

^OHN KURTZ, a farmer residing on section 
7, Jefferson Town.fhip, Henry Co., Iowa, was 
^_^^ born in Maryland in 1 829, and is the son of 
(^^ John and Margaret (Harget) Kurtz, who 
were of German origin, Init were born, rcnred and 
married in Maryland. His grandfather on his 
father's side was born in Germany, and his name 
was also John Kurtz. The given name of his wife 
was Susan, who bore two children: Jolui and Susan, 
who remained in Mar3land, and |)rob:ih!y never 
married. The children of John Kurtz, fallier of 

our subject, are mentioned individual^ in the 
sketch of Newton INIcClintic, who wedded Ann R., 
the second youngest daughter. John Kurtz, Sr., 
died at the age of sixtj'-four, and his wife survived 
him a number of years, reaching the mature age of 
seventy-two. Both were buried on the old home- 
stead, and side by side all was mortal reposes, 
also one son, Peter, who died unmarrieil. 

John Kurtz, our subject, was married in 1850 to 
Martha A. Mason, a daughter of A. W. and Cyn- 
thia (Rogers) Mason, who were married in Monroe 
County', Teun. Mrs. Kurtz was born there, and 
came with her parents to Henry County in 1842, 
settling where Wayland is now located. Later Mr. 
Mason purchased a farm on section 8, where he 
lived for some years, but later purchased a small 
home on section 6, where himself and wife died. 
They were born in North Carolina, and reared a 
family of ten children. The first eight were born 
in Tennessee— James N., William R., Martha A., 
Mary J., Andrew J., Arch McC'racken, Rufus and 
Thomas. Leo and Margaret, in Iowa. Thomas 
died in Tennessee. The wife of A. W. Mason died 
in her forty-first year, and Mr. Mason wedded Isa- 
bella Murry, who bore Ilenrj' H., Charles A., 
Elizabeth C, Eliza E., Almeda M., Hettie, Homer 
C, Samuel D., Viola J. and Ida, all born in this 
county. A. W. Mason died in May, 18C9, aged 
sixty-four years. His widow yet resides in Wash- 
ington Count}', now the wife of Josejih Young, and 
has reached an advanced .age. 

Forty-six years in this county have crowned the 
head of John Kurtz, Jr., with hairs of gray, but he 
is the same genial man of twenty-live years ago. 
He is the father of seven children : Samantha, wife 
of John Lute, a farmer of Jefferson Township: 
Aramintha, wife of Abner Edwards, a farmer of 
Washington County; William, husband of Mattie 
Esslej', is farming near Coppack; David, the hus- 
band of Mary Windliiig, resides in Jefferson 
County, Iowa; Mattie, wife of John Page, an em- 
ploye on the C, B. it C^. R. R. ; Charles, an em- 
ploye in the State Asylum, and Frank, complete 
the number. Mr. Kurtz owns 140 acres of line 
land situated near Wayland, and within easj' walk- 
ing distance of Coppack. He lias grown wealthy 
willi l\is years, and lias served longer on the School 





Board than any man in his district. We iioint with 
pleasure to this family, who have come frym a race 
who have done much to build up and develop the 
new counties, and deserve a special mention. 



^^^HOMAS McMILLEN, one of the early set- 
tlers of Henry County, Iowa, resides on sec- 
tion 5, Center Township. He is a native of 
Wayne County, Ohio, born Nov. 11, 1832, and is 
a son of Thomas and Mary (Hoagland) McMillen. 
When Thomas was but eight years old the family 
came to Henry County, Iowa, and settled on sec- 
tion .5, Center Township, where his father purchased 
a claim of John II. Randolph, on which was a small 
building in the course of erection. Here our sub- 
ject remained until 18,52, working on the farm in 
the summer and attending school during the winter 
months, the school-house being situated a mile and 
a iialf from his home. It was a primitive log cabin 
with puncheon tloor, shakes for roof, slab se.ats, and 
lighted by means of a hole cut out from one of the 
logs, over which paper was pasted. An old-fash- 
ioned tirepl.nce which extended almost over one 
side of the room afforded warmth for those attend- 
ing the school. In the spring of 1852, in company 
with C. B. Dart, Mr. McMillon left for Oregon Ter- 
ritory with an ox-team. Leaving the Missouri 
River on the .')th of May, they arrived at Portland, 
Ore., August 10 of the same year. The jour- 
ney was a long and toilsome one, much unlike that 
which is made to-day in one of Pullman'.s jwlace 
cars. From Portland Mr. McMillen went to Ault 
House Creek, near Jacksonville, where he engaged 
in mining and where he remained four years. In 
185G he returned home by water, the first part of the 
journey being on the "Golden Age" to Panama, 
thence by the "Nortliern Star" to New York. He ar- 
rived at his home in Henry County July 3, 18.56. 
His experience in the gold regions served but to 
intensify his desire once more to engage in mining, 
and therefore after remaining at home a period of 
three years, he once more started across the plains, 
California being his destination. With ox-teams 
he traveled as far as S.alt Lake, when the oxen were 
exchanged for p.ack ponies ami the remainder of 

the journey was made in that way. He located at 
Coloma where gold was first discovered. Here he 
once more embarked in mining, and followed that 
occupation until 1866, when he again returned 
home, arriving here sometime in May of that year. 
Since his return home Mr. McMillen has been en- 
gaged in superintending the farm. With the ex- 
ception of the time spent on the Pacific Coast Mr. 
McMillen has been identified with this county a 
period of forty-seven years, during which time 
most wonderful changes have been made. When 
the family first settled in Henry County it was 
six years before Iowa's admission as a State, and 
fifteen years before a i-ailroad was started. The 
changes that he has witnessed and of which lie has 
been an active participant can scarcel}' be realized. 
"Wlierever known, Thomas McMillen is universally 

0"^ HARLES C. MILLER, a retired farmer of 
New London, was born in Fowle's Parish, 
, ' Forfarshire, Scotland, May 16, 1800. His 

parents, William and Cecelia (Walker) Miller, were 
also of Scottish birth. The mother was of High- 
land descent; the father died when our subject was 
but an infant. Charles C. learned the trade of 
landscape gardener, and when twentj' j-ears of age 
went to London, England, where he followed that 
occupation six years. He then went to County 
Kilkenny, Ireland, to accept a position of gardener 
to a ricli gentleman, and later .accepted the position 
as steward or superintendent of the estate of a large 
landed proprietor in County Wcstmeath, Ireland, 
where he staid thirteen years, until the death of his 
principal. He had a large number of hands to oversee , 
and was placed in a position of great responsibility 
and trust, and received a good salary for his serv- 
ices. He then entered the service of the Earl of 
Desert, in County Kilkenny, as superintendent of 
his estate, remaining four j'ears, when having a 
strong desire to be proprietor of a landed estate 
himself, he determined to emigrate to America, the 
country of cheap lands. 

Having several relatives and friends who wished 
to seek their fortune in the New World, he organ- 
ized a party of sixteen persons, of which he was 





leader, and in 1850 emigrated from Ireland to 
America, landing in New York. They came at 
once tt) Iowa and located in Pleasant Grove Town- 
ship, Des Moines Coimt3', where Mr. Miller pur- 
chased a farm of 200 acres, which he still owns. 
Some of his party settled near him, others in Henry 
Count3^ Several of these are now dead and others 
have removed farther west. 

Mr. Miller was married in New London Town- 
ship, Henry County, July 7. 1858, by the Rev. 
McBride, a Presbyterian minister, to Miss Martha 
W. Davis, daughter of Tamerlane W. W. and Jane 
Smith (Payne) Davis. Mrs. Miller was born in 
Bedford County, Va. Her parents were of Welsh 
and English descent and came of old families of 
Virginia. Mrs. Miller is a woman of superior in- 
telligence and culture, and is a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. Mr. Miller was en- 
gaged in farming in Des Moines County until 1862, 
when he rented his farm and removed to New 
London, where lie has since resided. He has three 
and a half acres of land in the suburbs of the vil- 
lage, which he cultivates with great care and taste. 
He is now in his eight3--eighth year, but is still act- 
ive and has full possession of his mental faculties. 
Mr. Miller has been a man of robust constitution, 
remarkahlj- active and energetic. He was a skilled 
sportsman, fond of his gun and dogs. In his mid- 
dle age, and even long after most men would have 
laid aside the gun, he could bring a quail or snipe 
to the ground as often as the most expert shot. 
His eye is still bright and his nerve stead}-, but he 
contents himself with llie cue of his little farm and 
domestic animals. He has accumulated a valuable 
property, and both lie and his cstiinal)lc wife are 
held in high esteem b^- their neighbors and fellow- 

flfc.^ AVJl) DAVIE8 is a farmer residing on sec- 
tion 4, Jefferson Township, Henry Co., 
Iowa. From a country far across the seas 
came a family of note in the history of this 
county. Henry Davies, Sr., was married lu Eliza- 
beth .Jenkins, in Wales. They had a faniil}' of 
twelve children prior to the emigration to America, 

of whom two are deceased. In Wales Henry 
Davies, Sr., a farmer, and owned two farms. 
These he sold after purchasing 1,000 acres in this 
and Washington County. With his wife and chil- 
dren he left Liverpool in 1853. The voyage was 
made without accident, but the loving wife and 
tender mother died on the ocean, and was buried 
in the blue waters of the Atlantic. That was a sor- 
rowful time for the company- of emigrants. The 
girls were young and knew but little about life's 
duties, but the family came to Henry County and 
! here found a home. The blow was a sad one to 
the husband, who had laid the foundation for a 
most successful business, but as joys and sorrows 
come to all alike, he bore the loss with all the pa- 
tience of a devoted Christian, and to her memory 
Henry Davies remained true, and reached the I'ipe 
old age of eighty-four j-ears. Of the eliildien we 
speak individually : David, our subject, is the eld- 
est; Henrj' Davies, Jr., married Mary, a daughter 
of John Davidson, of AV'ashington County, and re- 
sides in Wayland; Mary wedded Evan E. Davis, a 
farmer of Louisa County, who was .also born in 
Wales; Elizabeth married John Park, a dealer in 
stock and a resident ol Wjishington, Washington 
Co., Iowa ; Dinah is the wife of Robert T. Jones, a 
farmer residing in Louisa Count}' ; Hannah is the 
wife of Huston D. Fishburn, a farmer of Jewell 
County, Kan; Evan wedded Elizabeth Williams, a 
daughter of Hopkin Williams, who was one of the 
first settlers in the county, and in whose homir 
Williams Creek received its name; \Vinnie A. be- 
came the wife of William Sutheiland, a resident 
farmer of Washington Count}- ; Sarah, deceased, 
wedded J.acob Izenliart, who is in the restaurant 
business at Brighton, Washington Co., Iowa; Jolin 
married Addie Park, and resides on the original 
Davies homestead. 

Perhaps no family enjoy a higher degree of pros- 
perity or are nnjre favorably known for their excel- 
lence of character than the family under consider- 
ation. All are prosperous, and the m.ajority are 
members of the Methodist Episcoiial Chureli. David 
Davies, our subject, was born in 1832, and was 
married first to Miss Sail}-, a daughter of Hopkin 
Williams, in 18fiO. One st)n, William H., gr.aced 
the marriage, but his death occurred when a babe 







of four months, dying Sept. 11, 1861. His mother 
was disconsolate, and a short time afterward also 
died, her death occurring Nov. 26, 1861, and their 
bodies repose side by side in the village cemetery. 
In 1866 JMr. Davies was again married, Mrs. Nancy 
(Anderson) Schooler becoming his wife. This 
couple have enjoyed a happy married life of twen- 
ty-one years, during which time one son. Homer E., 
has brought added joy to their home. He is now 
in his fourteenth year. Two hundred and nineteen 
acres pay tribute to the energy of Mr. Davies, and 
his home overlooking the pleasant village of Way- 
land is cuninianding in appearance, and his large 
barn- and outhouses show him to be a man of enter- 
prise ami thrift. We welcome to these pages the 
history of such a family. 

ILLIAM BENNELTT, residing on section 
33, .Scott Township, Henr}' Co., Iowa, was 
born in Ross County, Ohio, May 17, 1820. 
He is a son of George and Mary (Holloway) Ben- 
nett. The father was a native of Pennsylvania and 
the mother of New Jersey. In 180(; they emi- 
grated from Winchester, Va., to Ross County, 
Ohio. Four of the family of ten children were 
born in the former State: Enoch, a blacksmith and 
farmer, died in Miami County, Ohio, in May, 1886; 
Sarah, the wife of Newton Hicks, of Ross County, 
Ohio, died in Clarke County, in August, 1882; her 
husband had died in November, 1845. James, 
born Nov. 2, 1800, died in Clarke Count}', Ohio, in 
August, 1881 ; Elizabeth died while yet an infant 
but a year and a half old. After the removal to 
Ohio six other children were born: (leorge, born 
April 28, 1809, died in Clarke County, Aug. 30, 
188.5; Benjamin, born in April, 1811, died June 
27, 1812; Rebecca, wife of Jacob Yager, died in 
Henr3' County, Iowa, March 13, 1857, at the age 
of forty-four; Mary, wife of M. McCafferty, resides 
in Winfield, Iowa; Benjamin H., born June 21, 
1817, was drowned in the Ohio River, July 3, 
1840; our subject is the youngest of the family. 
During most of his life George Bennett was a 
blacksmith, but when this labor became too heavy 
for him he moved upon a farm. He was calUMJ to 

his final home, in Clarke County, Dec. 19, 1861, at 
the age of ninety-two years, two months and seven- 
teen days. His wife departed this life Aug. 25, 
1853, aged seventy-seven years, seven months and 
four days. She was a member of the Society of 

William Bennett, our subject, was reared upon a 
farm in his native State. His education was 
received at the subscription schools of those times. 
He remained at home until twenty-one years of age. 
Mr. Bennett was united in marriage, in 1841, with 
Ann McCafferty, a native of Madison County, 
Ohio. He afterward rented his father's farm, 
residing upon this for nine years, at which time, 
Oct. 3, 1850, he removed to Henry County, Iowa, 
settling on a homestead of eighty acres on section 
11, Scott Township. He improved this farm, 
making it his home until 1869, when he sold out 
and removed to Mt. Pleasant, in order to furnish 
better educational advantages to his children. 
While residing in that city, on the 22d of Novem- 
ber, 1870, Mrs. Bennett was called to her final 
home. She was born in September, 1815. Two 
years later Mr. Bennett removed to Osborne 
County, Kan., where he improved a claim, resid- 
ing there for eight months, and in December of the 
same year returned to Henry County. He pur- 
chased eighty acres of land on section 33, Scott 
Township, where he still resides. 

Mr. Bennett was again married, April 7, 1874, to 
Margaret A. Harkness. She was born in New York, 
and is a daughter of James and Margaret (Fleming) 
Harkness, both of whom were natives of the same 
State. Her father died at Morning Sun, Iowa, 
March 20. 1880, when seventy-three years of age. 
He was a devoted church member, and one of the 
organizers of the Presbyterian Church of Winfield, 
having been an Elder for many years. Upon his 
removal to Morning Sun Xw. joined the United 
Presbyterian Church of that place, and was well 
known and universally respected. The mother 
died Jan. 24, 1887, aged seventy-six, and was also 
a believer in the United Presbyterian faith. 

B}' his first wife Mr. Bennett had five children: 
Sarah, wife of Emmons Courter, of Osborne County, 
Kan.; Mary, wife of W. R. Custer, residing in 
Taylor County, Iowa ; Electa Jane, wife of Stewart 




B. Terry, a farmer and stock-raiser of Jackson 
County, Mo. ; Elizalieth Ann, wife of Thomas F. 
Hull, residing in Hardy, Neb.; William Franklin, a 
merchant of Pomoua, Cal. By the second union 
there are two children, Edna and Georgiana. Mr. 
Bennett and wife are members of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, he being one of its Trustees. 

Mr. Bennett has five times been elected Justice 
of the Peace, and has held various other township 
offices. Politically, he is a Republican. Mr. Ben- 
nett always takes an active part in public enter- 
prises for the good of the community, and is a 
liberal friend to education, in fact, is foremost in 
all good works, and it is with pleasure that we place 
his sketch in the record of Henry County's people. 

(jp^ OLOMON H. DOVER, an honored pioneer 
^^^^ of Henry County, Iowa, of 18;U, and a 
l(|l£_j) resident of New London Township since 
18;!6, was born in Burke County, N. C, in 
1806, and is the son of Joshua and Elizabeth (ChiU 
ders) Dover. His father was also born in Burke 
Comity, N. C. His mother was born in South Caro- 
lina, and was a sister of Mrs. James K. Polk, wife of 
President Polk. Our subject removed to Warren 
County, near Bowling Green, K3'., with his parents 
when an infant, spent nine years in the State, and 
then removed to Tennessee, locating in Anderson 
County, later in Overton County, same State, where 
he married, Oct. 6, 1827, Miss Matilda Davis. 
Mrs. Dover was born in Kentucky. Mr. anil Mrs. 
Dover began life with a very limited auio\uit of 
this world's goods, but a good stock of health, hope 
.and jiluck, as their history shows. They had little 
else than a pair of horses, and the least iwssible 
amount of household goods. They had the inis- 
fortime to lose one of their horses just as they were 
on the point of cniigratiiig to Illinois. Nothing 
daunted, they p.icked what goods they could upon 
the remaining horse — a bed on one side was bal- 
anced by a bundle on the other. The liride was 
perched in tlie center, while the luisliand trudged 
along by her side on foot. At times the wife 
would insist on taking a turn at walking while her 
husband rested iiimself 1)3^ a short lide. In this 


manner they made their w.ay to Montgomery 
County, 111., and located at Hillsboro. Mr. 
Dover had 13 when he started on the journey. 
This was in 1828, when that region was a frontier 
country. Mr. Dover was a shoemaker by trade, 
but did not like the business, so engaged in farm- 
ing in a small way. He worked out to support his 
family, and earned enough to buy a mate to his 
horse. To make matters worse the climate proved 
unhealthful, and they were both sick with the ague, 
so after a short time thej' moved to Morgan 
Count}-, where Mr. Dover taught school a couple 
of years, and earned some money for a start. They 
then removed to Macomb, 111., in 1832. In 183i 
he came to Henry County, Iowa, and made a claim 
on section 3C, township 71 north, range 5 west, 
now New London. He erected a cheap shantj- on 
the claim, but a big storm coming on he gave up 
trying to improve his place, and leaving it to the 
care of his brother Abram, who had preceded him 
and was established here, he returned to Macomb. 
In April, 1836, he again started westward, and 
located his familj- on his claim, where the}' made 
their home till 1882, when Mr. Dover sold out his 
well-improved farm of IGO acres, and removed to 
the village of New London, where he now resides. 

Mr. and i\Irs. Dover were blessed with a large 
famil}-, having fourteen children, seven sons and 
seven daughters: Andrew, born Dec. 11, 1S2S, is 
unmarried, and resides in California; Cclina. born 
Feb. 10, 1831, is the wife of J. A. Hardin, of 
Beaver City, Neb.; Louisa, born March 16, 
1833, died in 1835; Sarah C, born Nov. 3, 1835, 
is the widow of George Matthews, who was a sol- 
dier in the late war, and was killed at Helena, Ark., 
July 0, 1863; she resides at New London. Will- 
iam L., born Aug. 20, 1836, the first while 
child born in New London Township; he is sup- 
posed to have been killed in the late war. Ellen 
E., born Feb. 10, 1838, died aged four years; C}'- 
rus W., born Nov. 30, 1839, married Eliz:a)etli 
Hampton foi' his lirst wife, and Snllic ll:iys for his 
second wife; he was a soldier of tlu' late war, and 
now resides in .Southern Kans;is. llenrie Anna, 
born Nov. 17, 1812, is the wife of J. T. Kennett, 
of Missouri; Harriet M., born Aug. 18, 1844, is 
the wife of Henry Hampton, a blacksmith of New 






195 ') 

London; John F., born Sept. 16, 1845, died Aug. 
■23,1805; Joel M., born July 29,1854, married 
Martha Hiles, and died Oct. 24, 1880; Zachaiy T., 
born Sept. 17, 1849, married for his first wife Agnes, 
daugliter of Prof. Maj'or, and for his second wife 
Ellen Rowland, and resides at New London ; Win- 
field Scott, born Aug. 26, 1851, is the editor and 
publisher of the New London Suii\ he married 
Miss Jennie New, who died in December, 1883. 
Laura JL, born Sept. 23, 1854, is the wife of Will- 
iam Reese, of New Loudon. 

IMrs. Dover, who had been lier husband's faithful 
lielpmeet through all the trials and hardships of 
their daily life and through the later cares and re- 
sponsibilities of rearing up so large a family, passed 
to eternal rest Sept. 3, 1869. Mr. Dover was mar- 
ried again, April 7, 1870, to Mrs. Eliza Beardsley, 
daughter of Benjamin Matthews, and widow of Lu- 
cian Beardsley, who died in March, 1857. Mrs. 
Dover was born at Yarmouth, Barnstable Co., 
Mass., Dec. 22, 1828. Her family were of English 
descent, but had been residents of Massachusetts 
f< ir generations. She had four children bj' her former 
marriage, tvyo sons and two daughters: Horace 
M., born Feb. 6, 1850, married Clara Ashley, and 
resides at Springfield, Mass.; Lorinda C, born 
Nov. 1, 1853, unmarried and lives at Danville, Iowa; 
Edwin D., born June 12, 1855, died aged twenty- 
one months; Harriet L., born in March, 1857, died 
aged two years. One child, a daughter, Lulu Belle, 
was born of the latter marriage, now a beautiful 
girl of sixteen years. 

Mr. and Mrs. Dover are members of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church. Mr. Dover was a Whig 
in his political affiliations in his earl\' life, but since 
the formation of the Republican party has voted 
with that organization. He has always been a hard- 
working, temperate man, upright and honorable in 
his relations with his fellowmen. 

ENOS GHEEN, a prominent farmer and stock- 
raiser residing on section 21, Marion Town- 
ship, Henry County, was born in Chester 
County, Pa., Dec. 24, 1844. From his did home 
cf)uld be seen the Brandywine battle-field, and the 

old Friends' meeting-house that was used for a 
hospital, and where the blood-stains may yet be 
seen. In this meeting-house Enos received his 
early religious instructions, his parents attending 
the same. His father, Enos Gheen, Sr., was of 
Scotch descent, and his mother, Ann (Seeds) 
Gheen, of Irish, though both were natives of Chester 
County, Pa. They were the parents of five chil- 
dren, the two eldest dying in infancy: Hannah 
A., wife of SarauelGuss, emigrated to Linn County, 
Mo., where he died in 1872, while she departed this 
life Sept. 8, 1882, leaving three children — Mary 
A., Enos and Frank. Mary lives with her grand- 
ma Gheen; the sons are now living with our subject. 
Mrs. Guss was a member of the Congregational 
Church of Hickory Grove. The second child was 
Mary E., wife of John Dugdale, a resident of Mt. 

The father of our sul)ject came to Henry County in 
the fall of 1862, and bought 190 acres of land on sec- 
tions 2 and 9, Marion Township, eighty acres of which 
were improved. In the spring of 1863 he removed 
with his famil}- to his farm. In his native State he 
was a devoted member of the Society of Friends, 
and was one of the Stewards of the old Birming- 
ham meeting-house, spoken of in the first part of 
the sketch. His occupation has alwaj's been that 
of a farmer and drover. He died Dec. 16, 1871, 
from typhoid fever, after six days' illness. He was 
a public-spirited man; his time and money were 
always ready to advance an}' interest for the good 
of the community. He was a noble and faithful 
friend to those who needed a friend and a highly 
I'espected citizen. His wife survives him, and at 
the age of seventy-two is a well-preserved lady 
both physically and mentally. She is a member of 
the Congregational Church, and does her part in 
all church work. 

Enos Gheen spent his earl}' life in attending the 
district school in winter, and working on the farm 
in summer. In the winter of 1860-61, he attended 
the academy of Malboro. After coming to Iowa 
he attended Howe's Academy at Mt. Pleasant, 
and in the winter of 1865 he commenced teach- 
ing in Louisa County, continuing in that occupation 
two years, wlien lie took charge of the home farm. 
He bought 120 acres on section 2, Marion Town- 







sliip, and was united in marriage, Aug. 1.3, 1874, 
with Miss Sarah A. Beeson, who was born Jan. 19, 
1848, in Henry County. Her parents were Ames 
and Lydia (Pickering) Beeson, the father a native 
of Ohio and the mother a native of Virginia. Her 
parents came from Ohio to Henry County in 184G. 
Mr. Beeson departed this life May 2G, 1887, at the 
age of sixty-seven. His wife still resides in Mt. 
Pleasant. Mr. Gheen remained on his first farm 
until Nov. 23, 1886. He then bought 240 acres on 
sections 16 and 21 in Marion Township, upon which 
he now lives ; he also owns ten acres of timber land 
on section 17, Trenton Township, and in Monroe 
County, eighty acres on section 17, Urbana Town- 
ship, making in all 450 acres. He also has four 
lots in Mt. Pleasant. He takes great interest in all 
public matters. Mr. and Mrs. Gheen are the parents 
of three sons and two daughters. Anna was born 
Aug. 18, 1876; Fred was bom Oct. 28, 1878; John 
was born April .30, 1880; Elizabeth was born April 
6, 1882; Benton H. born Feb. 23, 1884. 

Mr. and Mrs. Gheen are kind friends to the 
needy. Though not members of any church, they 
have always taken their part in all good works. 
Socially he is a member of the A. F. & A. M., and 
politically a Democrat. 

-^>J ■o«o..(§Jn^<!;^^..o*o <,^ — 

<ifjOIIN K. DnMARS, a tinner u{ \\ infield, 
Iowa, was born in Harrisburg, Pa., Jan. 3, 
1841, and is the son of William G. and Ilan- 
naii (Piiiil) DuMars, lK)th of wIkiui were 
also natives of Pennsylvania. Tlie}' were the par- 
ents of ten ciiildren, seven of wiiom .are living: 
Mary L., wife of Maj. William Ernest, of Harris- 
burg, Pii. ; Elizal)eth, also a resident of Harrisburg; 
Caroline is the wife of Samuel Franklin; Cornelius, 
a resident of llnrrisburg, was also a soldier, a mem- 
ber of a Pennsylvania reginienl, and was captured 
and confined in Libliy I'rison; James and M.aggie 
are also both residents of Hari'lsburg, ami .lolm isour 
subject. Those deceased are : Thomas; Susan, who 
married Capt. William Miller, a soldier <hning the 
late war, and (ieorge, who died in iiifanc}'. Mr. 
DuMars was a tinsmith, which ocrn|)ation he fol- 
lowed for five years. Before the lireakin" out of the 

Rebellion he was a Democrat, but after that war 
he voted with the Republican party. He was a 
consistent member of the Methodist Episcopal 

j Church. He departed this life in 1878, his wife 

j surviving him one year. 

.John K. DuMars is a prominent citizen of Win- 
field, Iowa. He is a tinner by trade and one of the 
best mechanics in the State. He was reared at 
Harrisburg, Pa., where he received a liberal educa- 
tion. When fifteen years of age he began an ap- 
prenticeship^of three years, receiving for his serv- 
ices for the first year $32, the second, $40, and the 
third, $60, and he was to board himself. He was 
also under instructions in New York for a year, 
where he received $1 a day. On the 18th of April, 
1861, Mr. DuMars enlisted in the 1st Penn- 
sylvania Infantry, when Lincoln called for 7."), 000 
men for three months. During that time he was 
mostly on guard duty, though he participated in 
some skirmishes. He re-eulisted at the end of that 
time in Battery D, 5th United States Artiller3% 
under Gen. Griffin, and was mustered in at Harris- 
burg. The command was then sent to Arlington 
Heights. He participated in the battles of York- 
town, Hanover Court-House, Mechanicsville, Gaines 
iSIill, and Malvern Hill in the seven-days fight. 
Manassas Junction, Fredericksburg, Chancellors- 
ville, Alton, Antietam, Blackman's Ford, Gettys- 
burg, Rappahannock Station, ]Mine Run, Bethe.sda 
Church, Wilderness, Spottsj'lvania, Todd's Tavern, 
Petersbtirg and Weldon Railroad, where, as his 
time had expired, he w;is discharged. He re-en- 
listed in the 21st Pennsylvania Cavalry, and while 
in thnt commimd participated in the battle of Five 
Forks. lie was mustered out at Lynchburg, Ya., 
at the close of the war. He was a brave soldier 
and was always found at his post of duty. At one 
time he was thrown from his horse, having been 
ambushed; at the battle of Gaines Mill he was cap- 
tured, but was recaptured in about twenty minutes 
by his comrades. He was at one time offered the 

I command as Second Lieuteuimt but would not ac- 

Returning to his home in Harrisburg, Mr. Du- 
.M;ii>, in I8(!6, was united in marriage with Miss 
F.-mnie llutchins, a daughter of David and ^Mar- 

j gari'tta (Wooils) Ilutchius. She was a native of 





Ohio, her parents being early settlers of that State. 
In the same 3' ear they were married Mr. and Mrs. 
DuMars removed to Elmira, N. Y., but later re- 
turned to Harrisburg, where Mr. DuM.Trs worked 
at his trade. In 1872 they again removed, this 
time settling in Columbus Junction, Iowa, from 
thence came to Crawfordsville in 1883, and the fol- 
lowing year to AViulield, where they have ever 
since resided. Mr. DuMars is a member of Scott 
Tent No. 6, Knights of the Maccabees Insurance 
Company, and Mort Hobart Post, G. A. R. Mr. and 
Mrs. DuMars have had twelve children, four of 
whom are living — Anna M., William G.. John B. 
and Frankie D. The remainder died in infancy. 
Mrs. DuMars and her daughter are members of the 
Presbyterian Church. Politically, Mr. DuMars is a 
stanch Republican, and an earnest worker for his 

ENRY DAVIES, Jk., a retired farmer, re- 
siding on section 10, .Jefferson Township, 
Henry Co., Iowa, is a member of one of the 
oldest and wealthiest families of Jefferson 
Township, and we add with pleasure his sketch iu 
this volume. He was born Dec. 22, 1833, in South 
Wales. His education was commenced in Wales, 
and completed iu Jefferson Township. He was 
married, in 18()7, to Miss Mary Davidson, of Wash- 
ington County, Iowa, a daughter of John and 
Elnora Davidson. The young wife was brought to 
a new home on the farm owned by her husband, a 
part of the Davies' land. On this farm their mar- 
ried life w,as begun. Here their children were born, 
namely: Sarah E., wife of William Ilenss, Jr., a 
resident on the home farm, and Jesse E. In 1883 
Mr. Davies became a resident of Wayland, pur- 
chasing twentj' acres of the Warren addition, atl- 
joining the original vill.age plat. After the marriage 
of their d.aughter the husband occupied the homo- 
stead and has since engaged in farm work, although 
bj- trade a mechanic, and the son of one of the old- 
est residents of Wayland. One grandson, Lester, 
plays gladly in the arms of the fond grandparents, 
who on both sides are living. No better name than 
that of Davies can these pages, and in pre- 


senting their history we offer the public a record 
of a people who have no superiors in social and 
moral virtues. Henry Davies, Ji'., broke with sev- 
eral yoke of cattle all the sod of his, and a part of 
the David Davies' tract, and with pleasure he re- 
lates his love for the work, and the way in which 
he could inan.ige his cattle in turning down the tall 
h.azel brush and the long prairie grass. 

R. MePHERSON, residing on section 8, 
WJv Scott Township, Henry Co., Iowa, was 

//rii born in Hamilton County, Ohio, near Cin- 
(^' cinnati, Feb. 2, 1812. His parents were 

Robert and Margaret (McCormick) McPhei'Son, the 
former born in Virginia in 1769, the latter near 
Baltimore, Md., iu 17S4. In 1811 they went to 
Hamilton Count}'. Ohio, and near Cincinnati, which 
was then but a small village, they made a home. 
Eight children were born to them, four sons and 
four daughters, five of whom are living: George; 
Mary J., wife of Dr. Jordan, now deceased; Mar- 
garet married John Myers, of Licking County, 
Ohio; John lives in Licking County, Ohio, and A. 
R., the subject of this sketch. Those deceased are: 
Adah, Elizabeth and William. Mr. McPherson was 
a prominent Mason, and he and his wife were 
reared, lived and died in the Presbyterian faith. 

The early life of our subject was spent under the 
parental roof, remaining on the farm until he 
twenty years of age. In 1832 he left home, going 
to Illinois, but returning the following year, he sub- 
sequently made two trips to New Orleans. His 
father, anxious that he should receive a good edu- 
cation, gave him #50 vvith which to pay his tuition 
at a school in Athens. About this time the Texas 
rebellion broke out, and, in com[)any with James 
McDonald, Mr. McPherson went to New Orleans, 
where he enlisted with the Texas Rangers under 
Gen. Morgan. He went with that command to 
Texas, where the Rangers were employed as scouts, 
doing some hard fighting, and having some hair- 
breadth escapes. At one time a company of ninety- 
six men were ambushed by tiie Comanelio Indians 
and Mexicans, and out of that number only thirty- 
two escaped, they having a hiind-to-hand fight. 









Mr. McPhersoii received several lancet wounds, 
but escaped otherwise uninjured. He served in the 
war until its close, receiving half a league of land 
for his services, which he afterward sold for $500. 
For several years he worked on the river, aceuinu- 
lating considerable money. 

In Hamilton County, Ohio, in 1811, he was 
joined in marriage with Miss Jane Daniels. Seven 
children came to make glad the parents' hearts: 
William, now a civil engineer, served in the late 
Kebelli(jn with honor; Joseph, now deceased, en- 
listed in the oOtli Iowa Volunteer Infantry, and 
was afterward promoted to the rank of Lieutenant: 
Elizabeth, deceased wife of Josephus Brown; Or- 
nian, also a soldier, in the 19th Iowa Volunteer In- 
fantry, resides, in Mercer County, 111.; Jlmma 
wedded H. White, of St. Louis, who is connected 
with the Globe Democrat; R. Franklin, of Chariton, 
Mo., and one child, who died in infancy. Mrs. 
McPherson was taken from her happy home in 1 S-OO. 

In 1846 Mr. McPherson enlisted in the Mexican 
War, serving in Company (', Cth United States 
Infantry. lie was appointed to the command as 
Seconil Lieutenant, but served as First. He partici- 
pated in the llattlc of I'alo Alto, where the regi- 
ment lost heavily, and also in the capture of Vera 
Cruz. In 18.J3 Mr. McPherson was again mariied, 
to Miss Martha M. Morris, a daughter of William 
and Abigal (Klwell) Morris, one of tlu- pioneer 
settlers of Louisa County, Iowa. Again seven chil- 
dren brought joy and gladness to their home, and 
six of these children are yet living: Clara, wife of 
A. R. Dayton, of Sherman County, Kan.; (irant, a 
resident of Henry County; Sherman, FIlie, James 
and Chnrles, who still reside with Iheii' parents; 
Adah died in infancy. In I8()2 Mr. McPherson 
with his family settled in Liiuisa County, Iowa, 
but in 1883 decided t() make Henry County his 
home, and here he has since resided. Success and 
losses co'iie alike to all, and Mr. McPherson's life 
has not been an exception to the general rule. lie 
has traveled extensively over our country, and has 
seen much that vvas pleasant, and this beautiful land 
of ours. In all his wanderings never during his life 
has h(? used toliaeeo or whisky. A remaikable rec- 
ord, ti'uly. In many of his tr;uis:u'tions he has be(»n 
very successful, liul. on tlu' other hand lie has met 

with seveial losses, which he paid dollar for dollar. 
Atone time he lost, through a partner, $30,000, but 
were it not for these very trials we could not fully 
appreciate our blessings. 

'\f| ESSF KKTCIIFM, of Mt. Pleasant, was born 
atFishkill, Dutchess Co., N. Y., on the 9th of 
April, 1809. His father, Timothy Ketchum, 
was born at Huntington South, Lons>- Island, 
in 1731. He served through the Revolutionary 
War, and at Fairfield, Conn., was wounded in the 
head, necessitating the removal of some i)ieces of 
skull. After the war he returned to Danbury, 
Conn., where he had previously located. Ho was 
twice married; his second wife was Miss Rebecca 
LaDue, :i native of New York. l{y this union 
there were nine children, three of whom are now 
living: Jesse, of Mt. Pleasant; James Madison, of 
Long Island; and Mary, of Queens County, Long 
Island, widow of George W. Anderson. Those de- 
ceased are Charity, Samuel, John, Ebenezer. Timo- 
thy, and an infant. Timothy Ketchum was a man 
who was highly respected for his honestly and integ- 
rity, and his word was as good as his bond. His 
motto was "to do good for evil." In politics Mr. 
Ketchum was an old-time Republican, and was a 
great admirer of President Madison. At the time 
when Dr. Barton White was elected to Congress he 
told Mr. Ketchum that when he went to W:ishing- 
ton he would get him a pension. Mr. Ketchum 
said he diil not want one, but when the Doctor re- 
turned he had a pension of * 1,800 for him, but he 
would not receive a cent, returning it to the Gov- 
ernment, saying: "I did not fight for nu)ne3' ; it was 
for liberty, the country, and ni}' God." Mr. 
Kelcliuin died at the advanced age of ninetj'-eight. 
Mrs. Ketchum was a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Cluu'ch, and an earnest Christian. She 
died at the age of forty-nine, in Dutchess County, 
N. V. 

The subject of this sketch grew to ni:inhood in 
Dutchess Count}', N. V.. and was educated In the 
primitive school-houses of those times, his books 
consisting of a Testament and :i Websler's spelling- 
book. He was married to AHss l'A\/.:i ChiM'chill, of 






Dutchess County, July 30, 1830. She was the 
daughter of John Churchill, a soldier of the French 
and Indian wars. Eight sons and three daughters 
were horn to them : Julia A. is the wife of Richard 
Armstrong, of Tuttle's Point, 111. ; Oscar C, a resi- 
dent of Southern Kansas; William B., living at Alt. 
Pleasant; Leander, also of Mt. Pleasant; Edward D., 
who enlisted in the 4th Iowa Cavalry, died of disease 
contracted in the army; Eliza is the wife of John 
Peterson, of Mt. Valley, Kan. ; Frank, of Henry 
County; Winfield, of Mendota, Mo. ; Albert, now 
deceased; Hattie, at home, and Jesse, Jr., at home. 
In 1855 Mr. Ketchum came to Henry County 
and located, and the following year moved his 
family. He worked at the carpenter's and joiner's 
trade for a short while, but afterward became a 
butcher, and gave that up to live on a farm. In 
1865 he removed to Mt. Pleasant, at which place he 
has since resided. In politics he is a stanch Re- 
publican. Mr. and Mrs. Ketchum stand high in the 
community where they have so long resided. Thej' 
are both members of the Baptist Church, always 
living a true Christian life, and ai'e only waiting 
the call of their Master to their final home. 

J AVID KINNEY, deceased, was aprominent 
pioneer settler of Henry County, Iowa, 
having come to this county first In 1845 
from Ohio. Remaining some six months he 
returned home, and again, in April, 1850, came to 
Henry Count}-, at which time he purchased 160 
acres of land on section 33, Trenton Township. 
He removed to this farm the same year, and by his 
own labor ti-ansformed it into one of the best in 
the county, residing upon it until his death. He 
was one of the successful farmers of Henry County, 
and in time became owner of 532 acres of land. 
Mr. Kinney was born Jan. 0, 1814, and died April 
5, 1883, mourned by a large circle of friends as 
well as relatives. Having lived in this county for 
so many years he was universally known, and was 
respected alike by old and young, rich and poor. 
I On the 22d of December, 1835, he was united 

~ in marriage with Margaret Johnson, a native of 

Ohio, and a daughter of Frederick Johnson. Five 
children blessed the union of Mr. and Mrs. Kinney: 
Mary Catherine, wife of Thomas J. Wilson, now 
residing in Harvey C'ounty, Kan. ; Frederick J., re- 
siding in Tippecanoe Township, married Mary Bon- 
field, 25th of March, 1870, and died on the 20th of 
September, 1881; thc}^ had one child, Franklin 1., 
who died in infanc}' ; Elizabeth S., died when eleven 
years of age; Rosamond, wife of Warren Chandler, 
a resident of Jefferson County, Iowa, died June 27, 
1877: and Franklin T. 

lOBERT S. GILLLS, Cashier of the National 
State Bank, of Mt. Pleas.ant, Iowa, was born 
in Ridgway, Elk Co., Pa., May 1, 1840, and 
^lis the son of Hon. James L. and Cecilia A. 
(Berry) Gillis. He i)assed his childhood and youth 
in his native State, receiving his education in the 
common schools. In 1859, his father having been 
appointed Indian Agent by President Buchanan, 
the family, including our subject, removed to the 
Pawnee Indian Reservation in Eastern Nebraska, 
and later to Omaha, from which place Robert S. 
entered the United States Naval Service in 1862, as 
Paymaster's Clerk in the North Atlantic and Gulf 
Squadron, and served till the close of the war. He 
was on board the United States man-of-war " Mil- 
waukee," which was commanded b}' his brother, 
James H. Gillis, when she was blown up b}' a tor- 
pedo in Mobile Bay. In 1 865 he went to Wash- 
ington with the Paymaster, and was connected with 
the Treasury Department till the fall of 1868. He 
then returned to his old home in Pennsylvania, and 
two years later came to Mt. Pleasant, Iowa. On 
coming to this city he was employed as bookkeeper 
in the State Bank, and was next made Assistant 
Cashier, and later was made Cashier to succeed Mr. 
J. H. Whiting, and has since held that position. 

Mr. Gillis was married at Mt. Pleasant, Aug. 4, 
1868, to Miss Sophia E. Whiting, daughter of 
Timothy Whiting (see sketch). Mrs. Gillis was 
born at Bath, Steuben Co., N. Y. Four children 
were born of this union, three sons and a daughter: 
James Timothy, now .aged eighteen ; Sarah Cecilia, 







aged fifloon; Robert Iloiiry, .ii^fi I lour, and Hugh 
(!laudiiis, aged Olio year. Mr. and Mrs. (^illis are 
memhors of llic ricsliytorian Cliurcli. Mr. Oillis 
is -A uu'inhcr of Mf. Plciisanl Iif)dgo No. s. A. V. &. 
A. M. riilitic.-illy 111' is M Dciiiocr.'il. I'cr.sonally he 
is regiirded as a gciillciiiaii of unlilemished ciiar- 
aeter, llioroiighly uprigiil in all Imsinoss (-raiisaotions, 
and a sl.raiglitforward iii;ni and ij'ood cilizcn. 




■UANKIilN T. KINNKV, residing on section 
1^ .!;!, 'I'ri'iiton Township, Ilonrv Co., Iowa, 
was lioiii .liiiu' U), 18.')7, on the farm where 
he now lives. His education was received at the 
district school. He was married, April 19, 1877, to 
Emma Mickey, a native of JelT'erson County, Iowa, 
and a daughter of Br^'soii and Harriet (Hcrlin) 
Micke}-, the father .'i native of Ohio, and the mother 
of Kentucky. Tliey came to Iowa ;i1 an early 
, day, settling in .Ii^tTerson County. Mr. and Mrs. 
Kinney are the i)arents of two children: Myrtle 
Keele, born .luly 21, 188.'1; and Frederick Johnson, 
born April 0, 1880. Politically he is a Democrat. 
He owns 285 acres of land, which constitutes one 
of the best farms in the county. The lessons of 
thrift and industry taught by Mr. Kinney's father 
have never been forgotten, and among the enter- 
prising citizens of Henry County none more truly 
deserve a phicc in this vohinie th;m does Franklin 

5>)ARniNER & ROTH are dealers m hardware 
and agricultural implements at ^\'ayland, 
Henry Co., Iowa. Desiring to make men- 
tion of the resjiective families of these gentlemen 
in comiection with their business we speak first of 
the senior member of the firm. 

Benedick Gardiner was born in New Hamburg, 
Canada West, in 18.'5!), and is the son of Christian 
and Anna (Roth) Oardiner. Christian Gardiner 
came to Washington County, Iowa, in 1857, being 
at the time the husband of Plnebe Roth, a relative 
of his lirst wife, who died in Canada, .'ind was the 
mother of seven children, and FlKche (Roth) 
Gardiner was the mother of three children. The 

death of Christian Gardiner, Sr., occurred in 
Iowa, and I'IkcIic, his widow, now resides in .lolni- 
son. Renedick Gardiner came to Iowa three years 
prior to his father, and when he was but fifteen 
years old. He worked on a farm in Lee County 
for a year and a half, when he went to Washington 
County, where he remained about the same length 
of time. Thence lie went to Davis County, and a 
3'ear later, in 1 855, came to Henry County. On 
his marriage he rented a farm for a j-ear, and a year 
later bought a farm in Trenton Townshii), on which 
he lived for nineteen years, and until his removal 
to Wayland, in 1881. He was married to Nauc}- A. 
Roth, of this county, in ISCl. They have three 
children living: F^lla, wife of Ed. II. I-'arris, the 
Station Agent at Wayland ; Ida .and Guy, who are 
unmarried, and live with thcii- parents. One son, 
William Edward, died in 1880, aged twelve years. 

On his removal to Wayland, in 1881, Mr. Gardiner 
engaged in a general mercantile business, which he 
hiter disposed of, and purchased a half interest in 
the hardware stock of Charles Bergh. This he 
later sold to Mr. Bergh, and for some time did an 
exclusive business in agricultural implements; but 
in 1886, with Joseph Roth, purchased the hardware 
stock and good -will of Mr. Bergh, and they have 
since done a large business in that line, besides 
dealing largely in all kinds of agriiadtural imple- 
ments. They carry a ^2,000 stock of hardware, 
and their sales the past season of buggies and agri- 
cultural im()lements alone amounted to over ^$4,500. 
Both the gentlemen named are enterprising business 
men, and their Integrity and courtesy have drawn 
trade remote from their legitimate business center. 
Such men arc valuable factors in any community, 
and to such the growth .ind prosperity of Wayhuid 
are due. 

Joseph Rotli, the junitir nieinlier of the firm, is 
the brother-in-law of Mr. Gardiner. He was born 
in Wayne County, Ohio, in 181;), and is the son of 
John and Katie (Grever) Roth, who eanie to this 
counUy in 1840. Several children who were born 
in Ohio came with their parents to Iowa — Michael^ 
John, Peter, Joseph, Nancy A., .Mary and Lydia. 
After their arrival in this State Katie, David and 
Elizabeth were born. The family reside on a farm 
near Trenton, and are highly- spoken of. 





Joseph Roth wedded Miss Nettie MoC'ra3', of 
Trenton, Iowa, Sept. 5, 1876. She was born P'el). 
11,18.5.'). Their domestic life begun upon a 
farm in Trenton Township, Vjut in Miucli, 1884, 
they removed to Wayland. Mrs. Roth engaged in 
the millinery and fancy goods business, and to iier 
is the honor due of having a large and well-selected 
Stoclt, and the only one in Wayland. Everytliing 
in ladies' goods is to be found there, and tlie store 
does a fine trade. Mr. and Mrs. Roth are parents 
of three children, all born in this county — Lulu, 
Earl and Clark. Tiie parents of Mrs. Roth, Frank 
and Hester (VanVoast) McCray, reside near Tren- 
ton, upon the same farm where foi' forty years a 
happy married life has been enjoyed. They were 
tlie parents of eight children, six living: Orlando, 
unmarried, a bookkeeper in tlie bank of Sioux City; 
Nettie, wife of Joseph Roth ; Joiin, unmarried, a 
farmer in Dakota; Mary, wife of Prof. William 
Hart, a resident teacher of Holdrege, Neb., where 
she is also a teacher; Joseph and Frank, unmnnicd, 
reside on the old homestead. 

\¥j ACOB S. KINNEY, a prominent farmer 
11 residing on section 30, Marion Township, 
^.^^ I was born in Pennsylvania, Sept. 1.5,1817, 
^g// and is tlie son <jf John and Betsej' (Hunt) 
Kinney. His father was a native of Pennsyl- 
vania and liis niotlier of Germany, and by tlieir 
union tliere were four children: David, wlio came 
to Henry County in 18')5, died near Rome, Iowa, 
in March, 1883; Elizabetii, wife of William Cass- 
ner, both died in Greene County, Ohio; Aaron, a 
fanner near Red Oak, Iowa; our subject was tlieir 
second cliild. .Mrs. Kinne\' died in Greene County, 
Ohio, in 1823. She was a devoted rnemlier of the 
Presbyterian Church. Mr. Kinney was again 
united in marriage, in 182.5, to Margaret Boren, and 
by this union there were twelve children, all of 
whom grew to man and womanhood. Mr. Kinnej' 
was a public-spirited man, and always cast his vote 
with tlio Democratic party, taking a live]}' interest 
in all that pertained to tlie same. He was also a 
memlier of tlie Presbyterian Church, and was 
called to his final home in 1804. 

Jacob Kinney, our subject, remained at home 
until 1830, at wiiich lime lie led t(j the marriage 
altar Miss Susan Glasg(nv, a native of Maryland. 
He rented a farm, for which he gave lialf that was 
raised in liaymcnt of rent, and also had to thrash 
the grain and deliver it at the mill. Mr. Kinney 
lived on a rented farm in Ohio until 18,51, when 
he decided to go west. He accordingly loadeil his 
effects into a wagon and started for Illinois, but 
passed through that State and located in Tippeca- 
noe Township, Henry Co., Iowa. Here he rented 
a farm for three 3'ears, and in 1 8,53 purchased 
100 acres of land, on whicii he now resides. 
Mr. Kinney now owns 210 acres in all, and has 
given 155 acres to his children. What this worthy 
couple possess they have obtained by hard labor 
and close economy. Mr. Kinney brought to Henry 
County some of the finest horses seen in this part 
of the State, and now owns a number of fine 
horses, which sell at good prices. Mr. Kinney 
received his education in a log-cabin school-house 
in Ohio. He is a pioneer of both Ohio and Iowa, 
and takes an active interest in all public affairs. 
He cast his first vote for the Democratic part3-, and 
has ever since favored the same. He is an active 
member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and 
is much interested in the welf.are of humanity. 
The union of Jacob Kinney and Susan Glasgow 
has been graced with five children : Robert J. 
married Emeline Gaston, who died about 187G, 
when he subsequenlh' married Mary Loganstein, 
and lives in Marion Township, having four children 
living and one deceased ; George married Martha 
Allender; Martin L., a sketch of whom appears in 
this work ; Franklin P., at home ; Nancy J. married 
Asbury Allcndei-, and resides in Marion Township, 

— "' "#5~#- ^ 

OHN G, KOCH, manufactui'er of and dealer 
in boots and shoes, Mt, Pleasant, Iowa, was 
born ill the village of Iloefingeii, Oberamt. 
Leonberg. in the Kingdom of Wiirtemberg, 
Germany, Oct. 25, 1849, and is the son of Frederick 
and Anna Mary (Etzel) Koch. In his youth our 
subject served a regular apprenticeship to the shoe- 
making trade in his native country, first serving 








three years and then spending one year iil travel as 
a journeyman. He emigrated to America in 18G7, 
coming direcll3' to Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, where he 
engaged with WillLini Tiiiimermann & Co. as a jour- 
neyman, and continued to vvork with them for ten 
years. In 1878 he formed a partnership with Mr. 
William Schnurr in the boot and shoe business, under 
the firm name of Koch & Schnuri-. This connec- 
tion continued five and a half years, since which 
time Mr. Koch has conducted the business alone. 
Mr. Kooh was married at Mt. Pleasant, Feb. 8, 
1874, to Miss Catherine Schmitt, daughter of Peter 
and Katherine (Bardo) Schmitt. Mrs. Koch was 
born near Augsburg, Gernian3', Dec. 24, 1850, and 
came to America in 18.55. Five children were born 
to their union — one son and four daughters — all 
born in Mt. Pleasant: Clara M., born Jan. 26, 
1875; Anna M. Helen, born April 1.3, 1876; John 
Frederick, born Jan. .31, 1878; L. Julia, born Nov. 
14, 1879; L. Katie, born Jan. 10, 1885. Mr. and 
Mrs. Koch are members of the German Presby- 
terian Church, of which he is a Trustee, and has 
been Superintendent of the Sunday-school; at 
present he is Assistant Superintendent. Mr. Koch 
is a Republican in his political views, with a tend- 
ency to being independent in local elections. He 
has built up a fine trade, and has made a reputation 
for good work and fair prices. Repairing receives 
his special attentiim. His store is situated on the 
south side of the Public Square. 

\t;UDGE JAMES L. GILLIS, who died in 
I Mt. Pleasant Jiil3' 8, 1881, was, during his 
^.^1 residence in that city, one of the mostprom- 
^^^ inent figures in its business and social life. 
He was born in Hebron, Washington Co., N. Y., 
Oct. 2, 1792. When eighteen years of age he went 
to Ontario County, in the same State, and two 
years later, in 1812, enlisted in the volunteer serv- 
ice in the war with Great Britain, and was com- 
missioned as Lieutenant of Cavalry. He participated 
in a number of battles and skirmishes, and among 
others was engaged at the battles of Ft. George, 
Chippewa and Lundy's Lane, under Gen. Winfield 
Scott, and in the latter engagement was severely 

wounded. He was taken prisoner near P't. Erie, 
Aug. 7, 1814, and was confined in jail at Toronto, 
Kingston, Prescott and Montreal, in Canada. 
Making his condition known to the Governor Gen- 
eral of the colony, that official released him, and 
gave orders that he should be well eared for, and 
near the close of the war he was exchanged at 
Quebec. Returning to New York he was, in 1816, 
united in marriage to Miss Mary B. Ridgway, of 
Philadelphia, and in 1821 removed to Jefferson 
County, Pa., then on the frontier. Here he got a 
tract of timber land manj' miles away from any 
neighbor, and set about clearing his land and build- 
ing a sawmill and a gristmill on the Clarion River. 
In two years he had 200 acres of land cleared and 
both his mills running, his lieing the first lumber 
rafted down that river. This energy and enter- 
prise was ever a distinguishing ciiaracteristic of Mr. 
Gillis. In 1825 his wife was in ill-health, and he 
took her to his old home in Ontario County, N. Y., 
for medical treatment, but her health was under- 
mined, and she died at Victor, N. Y., June 29, 1826, 
leaving two sons and one daughter. The daughter, 
Jeannette C, is the widow of J. Y. Houck, and is 
living at Ridgwaj', Pa. The sons, Ridgway- B. and 
Charles B., both died in Mt. Ple.asant. It was while 
Mr. Gillis was in New York, after his wife's death, 
that the celebrated Morgan abduction case took 
place, with which he became identified, and of 
which more will be said hereafter. 

Returning to Penns}dv.ania, Mr. Gillis continued 
his lumber manufacturing interests until 1862, and 
became a leader in that part of the State. In 1828 
he was married to Cecelia Berry, of New York 
State, who died in April, 1 855, leaving seven chil- 
dren, as follows: Mary B., wife of Samuel Porter, 
residing in Chautauqua County, N. Y. ; Augusta 
E., wife of .lames V. Noxon, of Volusia, N. Y. ; 
James H., a Commodore in the United States Navy, 
now temporarily residing in Binghamton, N. Y. ; 
Bosanquet W'., in Washington, 1). C; Claudius \'., 
in Kane, McKean Co., Pa. ; Cecelia, wife of Henry 
Whiting, now in Melbourne. Fla. : and Robert S., 
of Mt. Pleasant. (See sketch of Robert S. in an- 
other part of this work.) One of the sons, James 
H., made a brilliant record in the navy during the 
war of the Rebellion. He ciimmandcr of the 





iron clad, " jNIilwaiikce," wliich was blown np by a 
rebel torpedo at the siege of Mobile. Being among 
those saved, he continued in active service there, 
commanding a battery until the surrender of the 
city, and handled it in such an able manner as to be 
highly complimented by Gen. Canby in general 
orders. At the close of the war he was placed in 
command of a vessel at Norfolk, ^'a. 

While in Pennsylvania, Mr. Gillis was appointed, 
by Gov. David R. Porter, Associate Judge of Elk 
and Jefferson Counties. He was three times chosen 
Representative in the State Legislature, and three 
times was elected to the State Senate. In 1856 he 
was elected to Congress, serving two years. A 
man of marked ability, he made an honorable 
record in every position to which he was called, and 
was a friend of such men as Gen. Jackson, Henry 
Clay, Daniel Webster, Silas Wright, John C. Cal- 
houn, and other leaders. During President Bu- 
chanan's administration he was appointed Indian 
Agent at the Pawnee Reservation, discharging the 
duties of that position for three years. In 1862 he 
came to Mt. Pleasant, where he resided until his 

The Morgan abduction was an unpleasant episode 
in Judge Gillis' life. For a supposed connection 
with that affair he was twice arrested and tried, but 
was finally acquitted. His was the last trial, and 
he was the last survivor of those accused of ccmi- 
plicity in that mystery, which can now never be 
solved in this world. When the indictment was 
first found against Mr. Gillis he was attending to 
his business in Pennsylvania, and knew nothing of 
it for some time. But when he learned of it, through 
the slow and infrequent mails of that day and 
region, he at once set out for New Ycirk and de- 
manded a trial. He was jointly indicted with John 
Whitney, one of the men who took Morgan from 
the jail at Batavia. The latter had not been found, 
and the District Attorney refused to give Mr. 
Gillis a separate trial, but agreed to notify him 
when he was wanted, and he therefore returned to 
Pennsylvania. In May, 1829, the joint trial was 
had in the absence of Mr. Gillis, and Whitney was 
found guilty, but the jury disagreed as to Mr. 
Gillis. The rabid anti-Masonic feeling of the times, 
however, had to be pandered to, and the Sheriff was 


sent to rearrest Mr. Gillis at his Pennsylvania home, 
over 200 miles distant through a wild and mount- 
ainous country. He returned to New York, pro- 
cured a trial in November, 1 830, and was honorably 
acquitted, and with that the celebrated Morgan 
trials were ended. 

tludge Gillis was a life-long Democrat, and had 
lived under the administration of every President 
from Washington (during whose second term he 
was Ijorn) to the time of his death. His first Pres- 
dential vote was cast for James Monroe ; his last 
for Gen. Hancock. During the visit of Kossuth to 
this country, he was Chairman of the committee 
appointed to escort the distinguished Hungarian 
patriot from Philadelphia to Pittsburgh. After 
taking up his residence in Mt. Pleasant, Judge 
Gillis became one of the noted men of the young 
citj'. Of a lofty and stately carriage, his dignified 
form was noticeable vvhenever he appeared upon 
the streets. His stirring and eventful life had 
made him familiar with all classes of society, and 
his urbanity endeared him alike to all. He took an 
especially warm interest in educational matters, 
and was earnest in his support of all measures tend- 
ing to the advancement of the city. He was a 
liberal patron of the Ladies' Library, to which he 
made many valuable donations. His advanced 
years did not impair his faculties or dull his interest 
in the society of his neighbors or friends, whom he 
liked to have around him, and his death, although 
he had reached the ripe age of nearly eighty-nine, 
was mourned by a large circle of friends. After 
religious services at the house, his remains were 
taken in charge by the Masonic fraternity, of 
which he had been an honored member for nearly 
seventy years, and interred with impressive cere- 
monies, and a life full of stirring and eventful 
experiences, and rounded out with more honors 
than fall to the lot of most men, was brought to a 
fitting close. 

eV. ARNOLD, Treasurer of the Iowa State 
Hospital for the Insane, and senior partner 
of the firm of Arnold & Lyons, druggists 
of that city, was born in Morristown, Belmont 
Co., Ohio, Jan. 10, 1830. His parents, James 






H. and Sarah (Ewing) Arnold, were natives of 
Fayette Count}', Pa., who moTed to Ohio in 
earlj' life. The subject of this sketch learned the 
tinner's trade in his j'outh, and in 1853 removed to 
Henry Count}', low.i, locating at Salem, where he 
engaged in a stove, tinware and drug business, in 
which line lie continued until 1863, when he was 
elected Treasurer of Henry County and removed 
to Mt. Pleasant. He entered upon the duties of 
his office Jan. 1, 1864, and serving the people 
faithfully, he was twice re-elected and continued 
in office until 1870. Returning to Salem he en- 
gaged in general merchandising, and continued in 
that business until 1873, when he accepted the 
position as cashier of the First National Bank, of 
Mt. Pleasant, and served as such until the fall of 
1874, when he resigned and again engaged in the 
drug business at Salem. On the 1st day of Janu- 
ary, 1876, he removed the drug-store to Mt. Pleas- 
ant and entered into parlnershi]) with Dr. Lyon. 
At the same time he accepted the Deput}' Treasurer- 
ship of the county under Addison Roads, and 
served in that capacity with Mr. Roads and 
his successors, Samuel I. Shaner and George S. 
Gass, until Jan. 1, 1888, making the period in the 
County Treasurer's office eighteen years in all. In 
October, 1879, he was appointed Treasurer for the 
State Hospital for the Insane at Mt. Pleasant, and 
has served in that ])Ositi()n foi' more than eight 

On the 23d day of November, 1854, Mr. Arnold 
was united in marriage with Miss Amanda D. 
Richey, whose parents were among the early settlers 
of Henry County. She was born in Pike County, 
111., Dec. 31, 1835. Five children were born to 
them, one son and four daughters: Marcellus O., 
born in Salem, Iowa, Sept. 7, 1855, is living in 
Talladega, Ala. ; Nellie, born in Salem, June 16, 
1860, is the wife of T. J. Pittinger, of the same 
place; Effie L., born in Salem, Sept. 8, 1863, is the 
wife of Alfred H. Williams, of Arcadia, Fla. ; 
Mabel, born Jan. 12, 18GG, and Sarah Agnes, born 
Sept. 15, 1868, reside at home. One son, James 
B., born April 3, 1858, died at the age of eleven 
years. Mrs. Arnold died Feb. 11, 1874. 

Jlr. Arnold was again married, at Mt. Pleasant, 
May 12, 1875, toJIiss Addie E. Howard, daughter 

of Horton J. Howard, and a granddaughter of 
Elijah Bates, the eminent Quaker divine of Ohio. 
She was born at Mt. Pleasant, Jefferson Co., Ohio, 
March 25, 1844. Two children were born of the 
latter marriage : Mary Eliza, born in Salem, Iowa, 
Feb. 29, 1876, and Harold, in Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, 
May 12, 1877. Mrs. Arnold is an active member 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Mr. Arnold 
is a stalwart Republican, and an acknowledged 
potent factor in local politics. He is a Knight 
Templar Mason, a member of Jerusalem COmmand- 
ery No. 8, of Mt. Pleasant; of Henry Chapter No. 
8, R. A. M. ; of Salem Lodge No. 17, A. F. & A. M., 
and of Salem Lodge No. 48, I. O. O. F. Of the 
latter body he was the first actual Noble Grand 
thirt3'-four j'ears ago. 

Mr. Arnold has been a resident of Henry County 
for thirty-four years, more than twenty of which 
have been spent in public ijositions of trust and 
responsibility. During this time he has formed a 
more extensive acquaintance throughout the country 
than probably any other man. His methodical 
habits and fine executive ability, supported by a 
reputation for the strictest integrity, and close 
attention to details, have made him a most popular 
officer. A conscientious discharge of the duties 
devolving upon him, even to the smallest detail of 
business, has become a habit of his life. His long 
continuance in the responsible position he holds 
speaks in no uncertain tone of the high esteem in 
which he is held in the community where he has 
spent more than half his life. 

A fine portrait of Mr. Arnold is herewith pre- 
sented to the readers of the Ai.wm, which will be 
appreciated as the years go by. 


ellARLES B. PANGBORN. a farmer, and 
Township Trustee, residing on si'Ction 14, 
Jefferson Township, Henry Co., Iowa, was 
born in Cazcnovia, Madison Co.. N. Y., Dec. 31, 
1840, and is the son of Cyrus and Annie (.Mulkins) 
Pangborn. C^'rus was bi>rii in WmiuouI, and his 
wife in the town mentioned, in which village she 







was married to Mr. Pangborn.and all theif children 
were born in Cazenovia. The marriage was cele- 
brated April 10, 18.S9. The parents lived upon a 
farm until the removal to tliis county in September, 
1856, locating on a farm in Tippecanoe Township, j 
Cj'rus died while in the United States service, be- 
ing a member of the celebrated " Graybeard " regi- 
ment, which mainly did guard dutj' and was com- 
posed of Iowa men fiftj' j'ears of age and over. From 
illness contracted during his service, the death of i 
Mr. Pangborn occurred in 1864, while coming up 
the Mississippi from Memphis, and his remains were 
interred at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., belovv St. i 
Louis. He was the father of three children : 
Charles B. ; Nellie M., wife of James Rouse, of 
Mt. Pleasant; and James, who died in infancy. 

The first husband of Miss Annie Mulkins was 
Marara Lewis, of French ancestry. He was the i 
father of three children by this marriage: John S., 
husband of Adeline Bates, is a resident of Oswego 
Count^^ N. Y. ; Edward A. became the husband of 
Kate Driver, and is a resident farmer of Jefferson 
County, Iowa; and Adeline, deceased, who married 
Daniel Hopkins, a resident of Alamakee County, 
Iowa. All the sons of Mrs. Pangborn were soldiers 
during the war, as well as her devoted husband. 
Coming from patriotic blood on both sides, the 
father a Whig, and later a Republican, he advo- 
cated the sentiments which have made this a grand 
country, and his sons were taught thus from in- 
fancy. John S. Lewis was a member of a New 
I'ork regiment, serving the last two years of the 
war; Edward of the 12th Iowa, and our subject, a 
member of the 4th Iowa Cavalry, of whicli he was 
Sergeant of Company M. He enlisted in 1861, and 
in 1862 was discharged on account of disability. 
While his regiment was in camp at Camp Harlan, 
near Mt. Pleasant, Charles Pangborn was married 
to Miss Cassandra L. Richardson, of this county, 
born in Clarke County, Ohio, and a daughter of 
Elijah and Delia A. (Bishop) Richardson, who came 
to this county in 1856. The parents are both dead, 
and three children only are living: Edward, a resi- 
dent of Fair Play, El Dorado Co., Cal. ; Emeline, wife 
of John Brown, a resident of Mt. Pleasant; and 
Cassandra, wife of our subject. Her father was a 
large manufacturer of boots and shoes in Spring- 
•^ _ 

field, Ohio, but lived a retired life in this county, 
dying in his sixty-ninth year. 

After his return from the service Mr. Pangborn 
began farming near Rome, and excepting one year, 
has been a resident of this county from 1856 up to 
the present time. His jiresent farm was purchased 
in 1 883, although being a resident farmer of this 
neighborhood for several j'ears. Three children 
have graced their union : John H., husband of Mary 
P]. Stone; Freddie H., deceased; and Annie C, 
now in her eleventh year. Our subject, Charles 
Pangborn, has filled for a long term of years 
various offices in this township, a member of the 
School Board, Supervisor, and in 1886 was elected 
one of her Trustees, and is the present incumbent. 
In all the business enterprises of his county Mr. 
Pangborn is an important factor. His mother, now 
in her seventieth year, finds with her son and 
kindly daughter a home, known far and wide as 
one of the most hospitable and cheerj' in the neigh- 
borhood.' As a representative family, we welcome 
the Pangborns, and are pleased to present their 
sketch to the good people of Henry Count}-. 

^ €-*-^- 

ENRY' COOK, a farmer of Henry County, 
residing in Baltimore Township, was boi'n 
near Bealfeldt, Prussia, in 1836. His par- 
ents, Casper and Elizabeth Cook, were both 
born, reared and married in that country, and there 
they reared a family of five children, and the 
widows of two of the sons yet reside there. Casper 
Cook was a shoemaker, and worked at the trade 
during his lifetime. His children were Fred, Henry, 
Annie, William and Casper. 

Our subject left Prussia when a lad of sixteen 
years, in company with his LTncle Bremger, who 
settled in Burlington, Iowa, and lived and died 
there. Only a few dollars were in the pockets of 
our subject when he landed in Burlington, but he 
at once secured work on a farm at %i per month. 
For seven years he worked in that county, and 
when his marriage was celebrated in 1860 he was 

worth all told $125. His wife was Mary A. Hand, 








a lady possessing an equal amount of energy as Mr. 
Cook, so they concluded to rent a farm near the 
city, and from the day they were married prosperity 
has been with them and has come to staj*. Who 
can say that it was not due to the good counsels 
and associations with a good wife, for from the 
time they began their united efforts they have 
reared a fine family of industrious children, and 
have become owners of a splendid farm; all this, 
too, in a few years. After a residence in Des 
Moines County of fourteen years Mr. (Jook became 
a resident of Henry County, and purchased eighty 
acres of land, on which he now resides, that had 
once been cleared, but had gone back to brush. 
He built a small frame house and commenced work, 
and from four in the morning until ten at night he 
could be found digging and clearing. A few years 
later, having brought his first purchase to paying 
good returns on the investment, he bought other 
lands, cleared them in the same way, and now has 
230 broad acres all in fine order, over 100 in culti- 
vation. All his money has been invested in im- 
provements and land, and his fine house and barn 
are the best between New London and Lowell. 
The nice orchard was planted and the well planned 
arrangements of house and barn were jierfected by 
him. Surely, Mr. Cook and his good wife are en- 
titled to much credit for such enterprise, and as 
their children have grown to man and womanhood, 
they have been taught the same convictions of 
right and honesty of purpose possessed by their 

The names of the children arc: Olive L., wife of 
Charles Ilanes; Edward II., Ilomce C, Lyman, 
Martha E. and Florence. The unmarried five chil- 
dren live in a magnificent home with tlieir beloved 
parents, who are regarded by their neighbors as a 
model coui)le. Both are members of the C'iiristian 
Church, and as a family we learn of none who are 
more worthy and entitled to greater honor for 
having, during a quarter of a century, achieved 
a competence. Their home is supplied with all 
that makes life enjoyable. Flowers fill the room 
with fragrance, and the neatest of housewives makes 
welcome her guests in that cordial manner for 
which the family are noted. Mr. C'ook is largely 
engaged in raising of stock, and year by year his 

income becomes gi-eater. With his iudomitable 
energy, ten years more of active labor will rank him 
among the wealthiest men of his township, and his 
reward is and will be a fitting recompense for that 

-«A/v -'xaajza/®^^-? 


<i\ I^ILLIAM KEAN, section 7, Center Town- 
\/iJ// ^li'P' 'S ^ native of Berkele_v Countj', Va., 
Wi born Nov. 25, 181o. His father, William 
Kean, was born in Cumberland County, Pa., in 
1774. He married Miss Barbara Spaugler, a na- 
tive of Lancaster County, Pa., born in Septem- 
ber, 1783 or 1784. There were four children 
born to them in that State. In 1812 they re- 
moved to Berkeley County, Xa.., where six more 
children were born : Margaret is the wife of John 
Lee, of Trenton Township; John came to Henr}' 
County in 1836, and died some years ago; Eliza- 
beth is the wife of Chauncej- Cole, residing near 
Salem, Ore.; Percival died in Henry County in 
1840; Mary married Thomas Downing; both died 
in Trenton Township ; William and Thomas reside 
in this county. Sarah A. died while en route to Cali- 
fornia; Isabel, wife of Charles Dark, resides in 
Oregon; James died in this county. In 1 83:5 the 
family left Virginia, and went by team direct to 
Clarke County, Ohio, and from there to Henry 
County, Iowa, where the father bought a claim to a 
section and a half of land in Center Township. 
With the help of his son, he broke and fenced a large 
share. William Kean, Sr., * an old-line Whig, 
and a great admirer of Henry Clay and Daniel 
Webster. He was a man of mure than ordinary 
ability, a great reader and one of very retentive 
memory. While never aspiring for ollk'e he was 
often sought to run for various local ollices, and 
at any time could have received the uoniination 
for the Legislature in his native State. In early 
life he was a member of the Lutheran Cluucli, of 
which body his wife was also a member, but 
after going to Ohio, in 1833, they united with 
the Reformed Milhodirits. and after coming to 
Henry County, Iowa, united with the .Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church, with which they allili.ated 

» ll ^ « 





until their death. Mr. Ke:ui died in 1S49, and Mrs. 
Kean in 1852. The\' were peoi)Ie who stood high 
in the comnuinitj' in which thej- lived, and were 
known and respected as honest, upright citizens. 
The maternal grandfather of the subject of this 
sketch, Mr. Percival, was a native of Ireland, where 
he married, and from whence he emigrated to 
America, settling in Penns3'lvania. In their family 
were three sons and one daughter — John, Thomas, 
William T. and Barbara. 

The subject of this sketch came to Henry County 
in 1838, making the trip from Ohio on horseback. 
Soon after arriving here he entered a tract of land 
and began the improving of his farm. In March, 
1842, he was united in marriage with Miss Matilda 
McMillen, a daughter of Thomas McMillen, who 
was also one of the pioneers of Henry Count}'. By 
this union there have been four children: Mary is 
now the wife of Robert Lynn, of this county; 
Charles resides at home; Laura is the wife of Cary 
Cox, of Marion Township; Willis died March 3, 

For a period of fiftj- years Mr. Kean has been a 
citizen of Henry County, and in common with the 
early settlers experienced the toil and privation in- 
cident to pioneer life. He has sold wheat for twen- 
ty-five cents per bushel, and hogs for>*1.25 per 
hundred, and for years lived alone upon what 
the country could produce. In looking back over 
the past, and reflecting upon what he has passed 
through, he has little sympathy with those to-day 
who plead hard times, when surrounded by all the 
comforts which wealth can procure. 

Few men are better known in this section of the 
county than William Kean, and none are more uni- 
versally respected. In early life he was a Whig, 
and on its formation affiliated with the Republican 
party, voting with that party until 1872, since which 
time he has been liberal in his views, voting for the 
best man nominated. Like his father before him, 
he never sought office, but has filled several posi- 
tions of trust in his township, among which is that 
of Township Trustee, an office which he filled for 
several years. He has always been a friend to edu- 
cation, and has given much of his time to that 
cause. Religiously he is connected with the Chris- 
tian Church, and foi' man}' years he haslieen a mem- 

ber and an Elder of the congregation in Mt. Pleas- 
ant. AVell posted in the Scriptures, he can express 
himself ttueutlj' and intelligently upon all subjects 
connected therewith. 


E\^AN DA VIES, farmer, residing on section 4, 
Jefferson Township, Henry Co., Iowa, is a 
prominent member of the familj* whose 
earlier history is noticed under the name of an elder 
brother, David Davies, elsewhere in this volume. 
Evan Davies was born in South AVales, Aug. 3, 
1842, and came here w'hen his father emigrated in 
18.t3. His education was received here, and his 
father's house, near where he now lives, was his 
home until after his marriage. After getting such 
education as was afforded by the district schools he 
attended Howe's Academy in Mt. Pleasant for 
two years, and afterward gi-aduated from the Great 
Western Business College, at Mt. Pleasant, re- 
ceiving a diploma as "Bachelor of Accounts." His 
subsequent life has been passed in agricultural pur- 
suits, and the farm on which is his home was in- 
herited from his father a few years after his marriage. 
He is noted as one of the intelligent and successful 
men of Jeiferson Township, and has held nearly all 
the township offices. He is now Township Clerk 
and Treasurer of Independent School District No. 
5, and has l)een Justice of the Peace and Trustee. 
He is a member of Wayland Methodist Episcopal 
Church, of which he is Parsonage Trustee. His 
wife is likewise a member of the same church, and 
the family are held in high esteem. He was mar- 
ried, Nov. 29, 1870, to Miss Elizabeth Williams, the 
history of whose parents will follow. Upon their 
present homestead a happy and prosperous married 
life was begun, and to this day no nicer home or 
happier family graces Jefferson Township. Their 
new mansion was completed in 1874, and in 1884 
the great barn was erected. Thousands of dollars 
have been spent by Evan Davies in improvements, 
and his farm, consisting of 172 acres, adjoins the 
northwest corner of the village plat of Wayland. 
Six cliiNben were born to this couple, three now 



f 210 



i will 
It '■■"' 

deceased — Eva, Ira and Isa, twins. Those living 
are Addie B., Annie R. and Gracie E. 

As will be seen in referring to other pages in this 
volume, Wales furnishes some of the most distin- 
guished families of this part of the countj', and 
among her sons and daughters are those whose life's 
history no stain or blot has ever marred. Hopkin 
Williams was born in Wales, and in that country 
he was married to Wennie Jones, and had a family 
of four children before they emigrated to America. 
Hopkin Williams was a farmer in his native country. 
There is no obtainable history of either the Williams 
or Jones families back of Hopkin and his wife, but 
we propose to give their children data that to them 
will be valuable. In 183'2 the family' sailed for 
America, and located tirst in Tuscarawas County, 
Ohio, remaining there about two and a half 3'ears, 
where they purchased a farm. The Germans rapidly 
settled about liim and later purchased his farm. 
Having a desire to live further West, Hopkin 
packed his goods upon a steamer and with his fam- 
ily started down the Ohio. Before reaching the 
iVIississippi he decided to laud hi.-s goods and buy a 
team, which he did, and overland in a covered 
wagon the family- made their wa}' to Iowa, crossing 
the Mississippi at Burlington in the summer of 1835. 
After prospecting a few days, Mr. Williams pushed 
farther westward and found a tract with water, 
timber and prairie, which suited his ideas of what a 
farm should be. He selected a large claim, butaftei' 
it was surveyed by the Government found that 
others had taken part of it, consequently he entered 
different tracts in this ;ind Washingt(.)n County. 

John 11. Wallbank owns the farm u|)i)n which 
Hopkin Williams built his first cabin, which was 
later destroyed b^' lire, and at the same time 
the famil3' records and othei' valuable property was 
burned. While in tJhio, a daughter, Rachel, were 
bt)rn; she is now the widow of Amos Montgomerv. 
Ann, the wife of Evan Kvaiis, was born in \Vales. 
also her brother \Villi;im anil two other children 
who died unmariied. In this county were born 
Sarah, who wedded i^avid Davies. of whom mention 
is made elsewhei'e; .J;ine, who wcddi'd Solomon 
Cavenee, a resident of llem-y County; Benj.-imin, 
who wedded Jennie Benhani, and is a farmer of 
I'age Coiuit}', Iowa, :uid lilizabelli, llie lumoreil 

wife of Evan Davies. A long lifetime was spent 
in happiness by Hopkin Williams and his good wife. 
He was an industrious man, and his wife was one of 
the most amial>le of ladies. She was a member of 
the first Methodist Episcopal class organized in this 
township, and was during her lifetime a firm 
believer in the faith. .Some of her children fol- 
lowed her example, and all were numbered among 
the best residents of the eommunitj'. 

"Williams Creek" was named in honor of Hop- 
kin Williams; it passed through his claim, and his 
being the only white family in this part of the 
county nearer than Trenton, the name naturally 
followed. The Indians made sugar during the early 
spring months of each year in the maple groves 
skirting Mr. Williams' farm, and their dusky faces 
were more common by far than white ones. Hop- 
kin Williams died at the age of sevent3--three, and 
his wife survived him several years, making her 
home with her children. 


^^ ONROE SWIFT, miller, of New London, 
I l\\ ''■''* "Pt'i'ated the New London Mills almost 
I IK continuousl3' since April, 1802. He was 
* born in ]\lilan, Ripley Co., lud., Feb. 12, 

i>^.t-j, jind is the son of Mason and Mary (Han- 
nan) Swift. His father was boin in Connecticut, 
and his mother on the eastern shore of Marjdand ; 
both families were long time residents of this 
county. The sul)ject of this sketch spent his boy- 
hood on his father's farm, and when sixteen years of 
age began life for himself as a miller's ajiprentiee. 
He worked at all sorts of milling business, both in 
sawmills and gristmills, and was married, April 7, 
IK.'cJ, in his native State to .Miss Sarah .lane Courl- 
ne\. (laughter of Johnand Mir.anda Courtney. Mrs. 
Swill was born in .lerse^ville. 111. Five children 
were born of their union, three sons and two daugh- 
ters, two of whom died in infancy : Sadoras, aged 
thirly-seven, isa niachiiiisi. .•uid a residentof Argen- 
tine. Mo.; Estus resides .at .Ml. Pleasant, and is 
ciii|)loyed ilka mill; Mary Klleii is the wife of E. 
M. Aller, of I'aylor Counly, Iowa; Frank is in Ml. 



»» ll "^ 




Pleasant; Anna Belle, the youngest, keeps house for 
her father. 

Mr. Swift emigrated from Indiana tu Henrj' 
County, Iowa, in October, 1854, and for the next 
eight j'ears was employed in the sawmill business. 
He engaged as a miller in the New^London Mills in 
April, 1862, and has had charge of them ever since. 
Mrs. Swift, an estimable Christian lady, "died Sept. 
26, 1885. Mr. Swift is a Knight Templar Mason, a 
member of New Loudon Lodge No. 28, A. F. <fe 
A. M. ; of Henry Chapter No. 8, R. A. M., and of 
Jerusalem Commandery No. 7, K. T., the two last 
named of Mt. Pleasant. He is an out-and-out Re- 
l)ublican, and a member of the Baptist Church, and 
has held several offices in the township since he has 
resided here. He is well known and highly re- 
spected in the community. 




OHN BLACK, a son of William Black, was 
born in Knox County, 111., March 14, 1838. 
When but two years old he was taken by his 
/ parents to Henry County, where the}' resided 
in a log cabin. Here he received his primary edu- 
cation in a pioneer school. In October, 1861, he 
enlisted in the 4th Iowa Cavalry, and was mustered 
in at Camp Harlan, and was afterward sent to Keo- 
kuk hospital. He was in the battle of Guntowu, 
but being in very poor health, was taken to the hos- 
pital where he remained a year. He was mustered 
out at Memphis, Teun., at the expiration of his 
term of service. From the war he returned to his 
home, where he was married, in March, 1865, to 
Harriet Jameson, a daughter of James and Cordelia 
(Scoville) Jameson, who were the parents of two 
children, Harlan and Hariet. Mr. Jameson died 
in Ohio. Mrs. Jameson came to Henry County, 
Iowa, in 1858, and in 1866 removed to Crawford 
County, Kan. She was afterward married to 
Thomas Havens. By this union there was one 
child, Carlton I. 

Mr. and Mrs. Black are the parents of four chil- 
dren — Charles, Delia, Birdie and Maggie. In 
politics, he is a Uepublican and an active winktr in 


the party. Mr. Black has been identified with the 
county all his life, and has witnessed its growth 
from infancy. As he is one of the oldest, he is 
also one of the most respected citizens of the county. 

OUSTEN CULBERTSON, proprietor of the 
Hawkeye House, Winfleld, Iowa, was born in 
Richland County, Oliio, near Mansfield, 
April 5, 1835. His father, John Housten 
Culbertson, was a native of Fenton, County Tyrone, 
Ireland, in about the year 1798. We can not give 
the early history of this family, as the records were 
lost during the voyage to America. Mr. Culbert- 
son, bidding good-bye to his friends and the Green 
Isle of Erin, crossed the ocean and landed in 
America at Boston, Mass., on the country's birth- 
day, July 4, 1811. He soon after went to Phila- 
delphia via New York, and later, he and his brother 
started a manufactory in Delaware. The with 
Great Britain causing them to lose their property, 
they went to Baltimore, where thej' accumulated 
means to take them to the then far West. Going 
to Wheeling, W. Va., they continued their mechan- 
ical pursuits, and subsequently removed to Ohio, 
following the same occupation. Mr. Culbertson 
was a millwright by trade, and built many of the 
largest woolen and cotton mills in the East. In 
1822 he wedded Miss Mary Culbertson, who, al- 
though of the same name, was no relation. Mr. and 
Mrs. Culbertson both united with the Presbyterian 
Church at Crab Apple, Ohio, where he became a 
Ruling Elder. About 1830 he purchased a farm 
some six miles from St. Clairsville, abandoning to 
a great extent his mechanical pursuits. 

In 1833 Mr. Culbertson removed with his family 
to the homestead near Mansfield, Ohio, where he 
spent the remainder of his life. He was the father 
of twelve children, five yet living: James C, a resi- 
dent of Central Tennessee ; Jane, the wife of J. W. 
Pollack; Agnes, wife of Dr. J. R. McCullougti, a 
prominent physician and surgeon of Chicago; 
Housten, of Winfleld, Iowa, and Martha, wife of 
David Dean, of Huron County, Ohio. Three died 

Ol I 

in tj 





infancy; Mary Ann, wife of Dr. J. .J. Loughridge, 
deceased; William W". died in C'alifornia, Feb. 18, 
1851; ,T<ihn married Maria Campbell, and was 
killed at the battle of Shiloii : Chalmers P. married 
Miss Curtis, and was killed by an engine at Crest- 
line, Ohio. Mr. Culbertson was a man of great en- 
ergy and decision of character, and in no relation 
of life was his influence more felt than in matters 
pertaining to tiie church. lie accumulated con- 
siderable property, but gave it to tlie church with 
a geneious hand. He planned and helped t(j build 
many ciuirch edifices. Before the (la3's of excite- 
ment in regard to temperance, he practiced ab- 
stinence from intoxicating liquors in the face of 
fashion, and though it cost him extra wages he 
would not give his harvest hands spirituous liquors 
as a beverage. Tiie lesson learned when l)ut eight 
years old, from seeing a dreadful drunken tiglit, he 
never forgot. Perhaps no Ruling Elder in the West 
was more fully intVirmed as to church matters and 
more zealous for true doctrine than Mr. Culbertson. 
During the last three or four years of his life he 
was unable to join in the pulilic worship of God, but 
the interval was spent in the most careful study of 
the Bible. Apparently- conscious to the last, he 
str.iightened himself in lied, closed his eyes, and 
calmly fell asleep on the 12th of September, 1871. 

Servant of God. well done! 
Rest from thy loved employ: 
The b.attle fought, the victory W(jn, 
Enter thy Master's joj'. 

Mrs. Culbertson died Dec. 21, 1868. She was a 
native of Pennsylvania, born in Washington County, 
March 5, 1M02. She was a child of the Covenant. 
and jiossessing a strong judgment, she bowed in 
devotion to higii Christian principles. In all rela- 
tions of mother, wife and friend, her memory will be 
most affectionately chcrislied, for "tiic memory of 
the just is blessed." 

The subject of this sketcli was reared upon a 
farm in Richland County, Ohio, where he received 
a liberal education. He was married, May ;5, 18.59, 
to Miss Sarah McKee, who born in Richland 
County, where she had the advantages of careful 
Christian culture, and in her twentieth year pub- 
licly confessed Christ, connecting herself with the 
Unite<l Presbyterian Churcli. Mr. Culberl>oii and 

his young wife removed to Crawfordsville, Iowa, at 
which place they both united with the Presbyterian 
Church. They returned to Mansfield in 1.SG2, but 
in 1809 again removed to Iowa, settling in Wash- 
ington in the month of April. Mrs. Culbertson was 
sick for several year>, but bore her sufferings with 
great patience. She was a consistent Christian ; her 
conduct during her sickness vvas an example of her 
whole Christian life. She died Sept. 2, 1871, in 
Washington, at the age of thirty-seven, leaving three 
children, two now living: .Tames W., a te.acher: and 
William \V.: Ida J. is deceased. In May, 1875, 
Mr. Culbertson came to Winfield, where he clerked 
in a dry-goods store for a short time. He was again 
married, Nov. 13, 1875, to Miss Fannie A. Hough, 
a native of Pennsylvania. He soon after erected 
the llawkeye House, where ever since he has been 
mine host. Mr. and Mrs. Culbertson have two chil- 
dren — -Leila Estella and Le Roy G. He is one of 
the stanch Democrats of the county, having aflili- 
ated with the party all his life. Mr. Culbertson is 
a social, genial companion, alw.ays looking on the 
bright side of everything. He has the respect and 
confidence of all who knovv him. 


jF^OWARl) CARTER, residing on section 12, 
'jT]^ Marion Township, is one of the early set- 
1^^ tiers of Henry County. Iowa. He was born 
(^) in'Muskingum County. ( >hio, April 7, 1825, 
and is a son of Isaac G. and Harriet (Josselyn) 
Carter, both natives of Wald() County, Jfe. They 
both removed to Muskingum County. Oiiio, when 
quite young, and Dec. ICi, 1819, were married in 
Perry County, Ohio. He was the son of Isaac P. 
and .Joanna (Gay) Carter, and was born Sept. (!, 
1797. His wife was boin .June 9, 1 S02, and was 
the daughter of .loshua and S;u:ih (Chapman) Jos- 
selyn. Mr. and Mrs. Carter had a family- of ten 
sons, the first dying in infancy' : Ira J., j'et living on 
the old homestead in Grant County. Ind.: Howard, 
our subject, being third in order of birth: .loseph, 
a I'airner of Cass County, Iowa; Elijah, a black- 
<\\u\\\ of .Tonesboro, Grant Co., Ind.; John H., 





a merchant of New Cumberland, Grant Co., Intl.; 
Albert died at the age of two, in Grant County, 
Ind. ; Lewis, a farmer iu Grant County, Ind. ; Oliver 
died at the age of twenty-four, in Grant County, 
Ind. : Alfred died lu infancy. The seven oldest of 
these children were born in Musliingum County, 
Ohio, and the three youngest in Grant County, Ind. 
Shortly after their marriage Mr. and Mrs. (barter 
moved to Muskingum Count}-, Ohio, where for a 
few years he engaged in brick-making. In the year 
18-35, with his wife and children he moved to Grant 
County, Ind., where he bought 160 .acres of wild 
land, ti'ansforming it into a fiue farm. He was 
called to his final home Jan. 29, 1869, at the age of 
seventy-two, his wife having preceded him six 
years, dying April 1, 1863, at the age of sixty-one. 
Mr. and Mrs. Carter were devoted members of the 
Metliodist Episcopal Church, of which he was 
Steward for a number of years. 

Our subject received his education in the district 
schools of his native State. He remained with his 
parents until twenty-five years of age. He led to 
the marriage altar Miss Eleanor Lyon, on the 18th 
of Februarj', 1851. She was a native of Ohio, 
having been bora in Guernsey' County, Jan. 22, 
1831. Her parents were James and Nancy (Slater) 
Lyon, the father being a native of Virginia, and 
the mother of Ohio. Shortly after his marriage Mr. 
Carter with Ids young bride moved upon a farm 
that he had purchased of eighty acres. He added to 
this until he had 160 acres well cultivated. In 
1864 he sold his farm and came to Henry County, 
.and iu June, 1865, moved upon the wild land of 
section 12, where he immediately began to break 
the sod and fence the wild prairies. Now his land 
is iu excellent condition, and his buildings are 
models of convenience. He came to tliis county 
with his wife and eight children in the full hope 
and happiness of a bright future, but Nov. 24, 
1870, his wife was taken from his happy home. 
She was an active worker in the Metliodist Episco- 
pal Churcli. In her death the husband lost a lov- 
ing wife, the children a kind and indulgent mother. 
Mr. and Mrs. Carter were the parents of nine chil- 
dren : Nancy M., who was born in Grant County, 
Ind., .Ian. 24, 1852, is the wife of "William H. Snell, 
a farmer in Wayne Township, Henry Co., Iowa; 

Sarah J., born July 1, 1853, is the wife of .John 
Seberg, a farmer in Kearney County, Neb. ; Harriet 
J., born March 3, 1855, died Nov. 27, 1870; Leroy 
P., born Feb. 4, 1857, is a telegi'aph operator and 
Station Agent on the St. Paul & Duluth Railroad, 
at Sandstone Junction, Minn. ; RhodaC, born Nov. 
6, 1858, is the wife of Frank Tallman, a farmer in 
Osborne County, Kan.; M. Alice, born Oct. 12, 
1860, at home; William E., born Oct. 12, 1862, 
died May 1,1887; George H., born April 8, 1865; 
Eva I., born July 25, 1867, in Henry County, 
Iowa, was married to Alfred H. Anderson, Jan. 4, 

Mr. Carter is now one of the prominent and 
well-to-do farmers of Henry County, but all that 
he has was made by his own frugality and industry. 
He has one of the most excellent farms in the 
county, and upon it may be found a good grade of 
horses, cattle and hogs. Mr. Carter has held various 
township oflices of trust with credit to himself and 
his constituents. Politically he is a Republican. 
He contributes liberally to all charitable and public 
enterprises, and as a neighbor and citizen none 
stands higher than does Mr. Carter. 


ETER SMITH, a stock-raiser and farmer 
residing on section 28, Marion Township, 
was born July 12, 1830, in Switzerland 
County, Ind., and is a son of Abraham and 
Eleanor (VanDorin) Smith, the former a native of 
North Carolina, born May 19, 1794, and the latter 
Aug. 10, 18<i0, in Pennsj'lvania. They have had 
a family of twelve children: John, who died in 
1836; William and Sarah died in infancv; Jabez, a 
plasterer and brick-layer of Mllisca, Iowa; Mary A., 
widow of Abram Osborne, now a resident of Omaha, 
Neb.; Cheney, a farmer in Crawford County, Kan.; 
Peter, the subject of this sketch, is the seventh 
child; Marcus K., a farmer in Jefferson County, 
Iowa; James ('., a resident of Omaha, Neb.; Nancy 
L., deceased wife of Walter F. Crew, a resident of 
Maukato, Jewell Co., Kan. : Hiram, a fanner in 
Jefferson County, Iiiwa; l^lucbe C, wife of Rufus 



Yan Tassal, a farmer in Jewell County, Kan. Mrs. 
Smith went to Switzerland Count}', Ind., in 1804, 
and Mr. Smith in 1811. Here they became ac- 
quainted and friendship ripened into love, and the 
marriage was celebrated in 181.5. They remained 
in Switzerland Countj', Ind., until 1833, and here 
their seven oldest children were born. In that year 
they emigrated to Hancock County, Ind., at which 
place the five youngest children were born. Mr. 
and Mrs. Smith made Hancock County their home 
until 1849, when they came to Henry County, Iowa, 
locating near Rome. Here he bought 120 acres of 
raw land and developed a fine farm, residing here 
until his death in .Iulj% 1871. Mrs. Smith died 
Aug. 3, 1875. They were both members of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church at the time of their 
death, but had foi'nierly belonged to the Baptist 
Church before coming to Iowa. They were devoted 
members of the society, and no couple in tiie county 
were more higlil}- esteemed than they were. 

The earlier years of our suljject were spent in 
attending the common schools in the State of In- 
diana and doing his part of the farm work. Born 
upon a farm, the greater part of his life has been 
spent in the peaceful avocation of a farmer. He 
remained with his parents until 1853, when he 
made the overland trip to California, where he re- 
mained but a short time, then went to Oregon, and 
for two years was there engaged in farming. Re- 
turning to California, for about fourteen months 
he engaged in mining, and then went to freighting 
in Californi;!, Oregon, Idaho and Washington Ter- 
ritory, but l.-itcr engaged in stock-raising in Oregon, 
and for a time in merchandising. He was very 
successful in the far West, remaining there until 
18C8, when he returned to Henry County and pur- 
chased eighty acres of land, a portion of the farm 
on wliicli lie now resides. In 1883 he bought 
ninety acres more, making 170 aci'es, which is now 
under a fine state of cultivation. Mr. Smith is 
a successful stock-raiser, his stock consisting prin- 
cipally of fine I'oland China hogs and Durham cattle. 

Every tiling that he has was made by his own in- 
dustry. <»ii the -.'Oth <>( April, 1869, Mr. Smith 
was uniteil in marriage with Miss Lucy B. Crew, 
daughter of Walter and Sarah (Rice) Crew. She 
wa> biini Aug. IH, 1^*11. iie:ir Hiclniionil, Va. !''i\i' 

children have been bora to them: Annie L. was 
born Jan. -27, 1870; Nellie M., born Feb. 25, 1871, 
died May 28 of the same year; Charles S., born 
Aug. 16, 1873; Mary J., born Jan. 30, 1875; John, 
born Jan. 28, 1877, died Jan. 18, 1879. ]Mrs. Smith 
is a member of the Society of Friends. In politics 
he is a Democrat. As a citizen he stands high in 
the estimation of all. He is ahvaj's ready to ad- 
vance any interest for the public good. 

■^f/ AMES H. SCARFF, one of the leading far- 
mers of Trenton Township, Henry Co., Iowa, 
was born in Clarke County, Ohio, Aug. 4, 
1840. His parents, John and Laura (Osier) 
Scarff, were natives of Maryland, and came to this 
county in 1844, settling in Trenton Township, 
where on a farm the boyhood days of our subject 
were spent. James enlisted in the war for the 
Union, Aug. 27, 1862, in the 25th Iowa Volunteer 
Infantry, serving until the close of the war — almost 
three j'ears. He participated in the following bat- 
tles: Arkansas Post, Vicksburg, Jackson, Miss., 
Resaca, Marietta, and was with Sherman on the 
famous march to the sea. At Peachtree Creek he 
was wounded in the heel. He was at AVashiugton, 
D. C, on grand review, and was mustered out 
June 25, 1865, at Davenport, Iowa. Returning 
home he resumed fanning, which occupation he has 
ever since followed. He was married. May 6, 1866, 
to Mary A. Messer, a native of this county. Thir- 
teen children have graced the union of this worth}- 
couple : Charles Henry, born March 9, 1 867 ; John 
A., born July 2, 1868; James W., born June 2, 
1869; W. Edmund, born Sept. 29, 1870, died when 
nine months old; Asbury, born Feb. 28, 1874, also 
died when four months old; Martha Jane, born Feb. 
16, 1872; Calvin, born May 20, 1875, died at three 
years of age: Mary E., born Feb 11, 1877; Anna 
died when two 3'ears of iige; lona, born Jan. 26, 
1879; Ida Mariettii, born May 7, 188-3: Florence, 
born Feb. 15, 1885, and Eva V., born Feb. 19, 1887. 
.Mr. Scarff owns one of the finest farms in 
Ti'ciilon Tinvnship. IT'.i acres in extent. He :iiii] 

«» ■ -<• 






his estimable wife are members of the Methodist 
Protestant Church. Politically Mr. Scarff affiliates 
with the Democratic party. He is a pioneer of 
1844, and one of those to whom the county owes 
her prosperity. 



AROLD E. CLEMENT, M. D., of Trenton, 
Iowa, is a native of Wisconsin, born at 


jtv^ Racine in 1853, and is the son of the Hon. 
11^ Charles Clement, a native of Newburyport, 
Mass. His mother was Miranda (Ci'osby) Clement, 
a native of New Hampshire. Charles Clement was 
one of the first editors and publishers at Racine, 
Wis., having established the Racine Journal, which 
paper he edited until 1868. At that time his health 
failed, and he moved South with the hope that a 
change of climate would benefit him. He settled 
in McMinnville, Tenu., where he died Jan. 11, 
1885, when seventy years of age. He was a lead- 
ing man in political affairs in Racine for a number 
of years, was elected Superintendent of Public 
Schools of Racine County in 1851, filling that office 
for several years. He was afterward elected by the 
Republican party to the State Legislature, serving 
as Senator for several terms with credit to himself 
and to the satisfaction of his constituents. He was 
a well-read man, a college graduate and a thorough 
scholar. Mr. and Mrs. Clement were the [jarents 
of seven children, all of whom survive them. Tlie^' 
are named respectively : Charles F., engaged in a 
railroad office in Minneapolis, Minn. ; Florence M., 
residing in New York City; J. S., residing in Ra- 
cine, Wis., is in the Manufacturers' National Bank 
of that city ; George E., a locomotive engineer, 
lives in Minnesota ; Mary S. is the wife of Frank 
S. Strong, a merchant of Chicago; Harold E., the 
subject of this sketch, and Lewis R., residing in 
Racine, Wis., engaged in the Union National Bank, 
in that city. 

Harold E. Clement was educated at the public 
schools of Racine, Wis., and at a private school in 
Tennessee. He also attended for one year the Van- 
derbilt University, at Nashville, Teun., taking a 

course in the medical department of that institution. 
Afterward he .attended the Medical College at 
Keokuk, Iowa, graduating there in 1884. He lo- 
cated first at Richland, Iowa, where he practiced 
successfully for a year, and next located at Lowell, 
Henry County, in 1881, and here also enjo3'ed a 
good pr.ictice. In 1 884 he came to his present lo- 
cation at Trenton, where he has since remained and 
has an extensive practice, which many an older 
doctor might well envy. Dr. Clement is a thorough 
physician and a polished gentleman, and his worth 
is appreciated bj' the people of Trenton and vicin- 
ity, among whom he deservedly stands high. 

Dr. Clement has been twice married, first in 1875, 
to Miss Willie A. Hopkins, a native of McMinn- 
ville, Tenn., and a daughter of Samuel A. and 
Maltha (Scales) Hopkins. By this union two chil- 
dren were born — Minnie M. and Louise E., the 
mother dying in August, 1880, at the age of twen- 
ty-two. On the nth of December, 1884, Dr. 
Clement was .again married, his wife being Miss 
Manche Miller, a native of Iowa. 

ylLLIAM BLACK, one of the early settlers 
of Henry County-, was born iu Greeubriar 
County, Va., in 1805. He was married to 
iVIiss Rebecca Benson about 1832. In an early day 
he moved to Knox Count}', 111., and in 1840 re- 
moved to this county, and settled near Trentnn, in 
what is now Jefferson Township. Here he pur- 
chased 160 acres of prairie .andforty acres of timber 
land, and made many improvements on his farm. 
He was compelled to haul his flour and lumber 
from Burlington witli an ox-team. In early life 
Mr. Black was an old-line Whig. Mr. and Mrs. 
Black are parents of seven children : Joseph, now 
of Kearney, Neb., enlisted iu the war of the Rebel- 
lion, was elected Captain, and afterservingeighteen 
months resigned; John, who now resides in Mt. 
Pleasant; Samuel, of Kearney, Neb. ; VV'illiam, who 
enlisted in the 25th Iowa Regiment, died in this 
county in 1870; Asbnry, of Mt. Pleasant; Charles, 




iT 216 




of Kearney, Neb. ; Emma, wife of G. C. Wilson, of 
Wayne Township. Mr. anil Mrs. Black were mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal Church. They 
were widely known, and no couple were more highly 

JACOB ARTHAND, a farmer residing on sec- 
tion 15, Wayne Township, Henry Co., Iowa, 
was born in Upper Canada, near Hamburg, 
Sept. 2, 184.3, and is a son of Emile and 
Susannah (Ebersole) Arthand, l)0th natives of 
France, he V)orn near the central part, she in Alsace. 
The parents of Eniile Arthand both remained and 
died in France. By trade, Emile was a cutler, but 
after emigrating to Canada purchased a farm or 
rather woodland which he made into a farm later. 
While single he made a prospecting trip over part 
of the United States, making the journey on foot 
from the Dominion of Canada to the citj' of New- 
Orleans, and thence back to his first location 
in Canada, after which he sold his land. It was 
in about 1827 that he came to America, and his 
marriage was'celebrated at the age of thirty-three. 
This union was productive of a family of fifteen 
children, onlj' three of whom are deceased. The 
eight eldest were born in Canada — Christian, John, 
Jacob, Leo, Magdalena, Jonathan ; Samuel, deceased ; 
and Enos. In 1850 the familj' left Canada and 
located in Porter County, Ind., near Valparaiso, 
where a farm was purchased, but fifteen months 
later it was sold, and the family- moved direct to 
Iowa, locating permanently in Washington County 
in 1853, where the familj' resided until 18G8, 
when the father purchased a farm in Henry 
Countj', a part of which is owned by his son Ben- 
jamin. The death of Emile Arthand occurred Jan. 
26, 1887, having reached his eighty -first \^ear. In 
Iowa, Daniel ; Martin, deceased ; Benjamin ; Barbara, 
deceased ; Marj', Frank and Joseph, were born. The 
mother resides In a cottage near our subject, with 
her son Joseph and daughter Mary. Joscjjh and 
Frank are teachers by profession, having received 
their education at Howe's Aeademj'; Leo also 
taught some in Muscatine County, but is now, .is 

well as the others, engaged in farming; John is the 
husband of Anazelle Odell, and resides in Taylor 
County ; Leo wedded Diantha Moffett, of Musca- 
tine Count}', and now resides in Dallas County; 
Jonathan married Sarah AVelch, of Sherman County, 
Neb., where thej- reside; Christian is also a farmer 
in Sherman Count}', Neb. ; Lena is the wife of Egbert 
"V^anscoy, a farmer of the same county ; Daniel 
wedded Mary Henry, of Lee County, and resides 
in Taylor County ; Benjamin became tiie husband 
of Stella Beriman, and they reside on the old home- 

Jacob Arthand, our subject, is the husband uf 
Miss Christinia Conrad, daughter of Daniel and 
Alary (Klopfenstein) Conrad. She was born in 
this county, Dec. 29, 1852, and deserves special 
recognition as one of the daughters born on Henry 
County soil. On the .30th of October, 1870, the 
nuptials were celebrated at the home of the bride's 
brother Daniel in Washington County, and the 
young couple began their domestic life, the first 
year in Henry County, and the next six months in 
Washington County, where Mr. Arthand had pur- 
chased a farm. Later this was sold, and his present 
farm In Wayne Township was purchased in the 
autunni of 1872, when they removed to the same 
and since that day have been identified with the 
business and prosperity of Henry County. Here 
their children — Clara Lillian, William W. and 
Bertha — were born. 

Possessing the characteristics of his race, Mr. 
Arthand has led a life of enterprise, which has 
brought large returns in a financial sense. With 
his citizenship came the confidence of his townsman 
in his capabilities as an oHiclal, and he has been 
thrice elected Trustee of Wayne Township, and is 
now his own successor in that capacity. Since 
1874 he has been connected with the School Board, 
several years of which time he was Treasurer. His 
fine farm house was completed in 1882, one of tlic 
nicest in the norlliern part of the county, and over- 
looks the growing village of Olds, which furnishes 
school and railroad facilities. Not only has this 
been done, hut many of the most important im- 
provements of the county have been completed 
since the family first became residents of Henry 
County. The Artliands are not only well Unfjwn, 





but are bj" virtue of a long and honorable citizen- 
ship entitled to representation in the pages of her 
history. The parents of Mrs. Artiiand are botli 
deceased. They were parents of thirteen children, 
nine living and all married ; Christinia, wife of our 
subject; Marin wedded Anna Klopfenstein; Bar- 
bara is the wife of Christian Bachler; Catherine 
wedded John Rich; Daniel married Catherine 
Zeigler, now deceased: Fannie is the wife of Mi- 
cliael Klopfenstein ; Peter married Carrie Kapferer ; 
John is the husband of ^larj* Ferdamwalt, and 
Sarah wedded Peter Augspergur. Those deceased 
are Hannah, wife of S. B. Wyse, a merchant of 
Wayland ; Lydia, Mary and Anna. 


JOHN BECKER, a prominent and wealthy 
farmer of New London Township, on sectii.>n 
1 8, post-office Mt. Pleasant, has a well-im- 
proved farm of 333 acres of prairie laud. 
His farm is a beautiful place, formorlv known as 
the homestead of the late Prof. Howe, situated on 
the Mt. Pleasant and Burlington wagon road, four 
miles east of the former city. Mr. Becker was 
born in the town of Middleburg, Schoharie Co., 
N. Y., March 15, 1817, and is the son of Peter A. 
L. and Helen (Van Wie) Becker. His father was 
born in Albany County, N. Y., and was a descend- 
ant from the early Holland emigrants of that region, 
and his mother was born in the same locality-, and 
■was also of Holland descent. 

Our subject grew to manhood on a farm and was 
married in his native county, July 5, 1840, to Miss 
Christina Silvernail, a daught«r of Andrew and 
Helen Silvernail. She was born in the same county 
and town as her husband, on the 5th of September, 
1820. Nine children were born of their union, six 
sons and three daughters, all of whom are living at 
this writing. John F., the eldest, was born in 
Middleburg, N. Y., March 25, 1841, and married 
Louisa Morrison, and is now residing in Southern 
Florida; William was born in Geneva, N. Y., Nov. 
19, 1842, and married Cath.arine Rhodes, and re- 
sides in Smith Center, Smith Co., Kan.; George 

was born in Geneva, N. Y., Oct. 23, 1844, and 
married Lethe Graham, and resides in Sarp3- 
County, Neb., and has six children ; Erskine was 
also bom in Geneva, N. Y., Oct. 12, 184(i, married 
Hester Morehead, has four children,- and lives on 
the old homestead in New London Township, 
Henry Count3": Marj- was born Oct. 21, 1851, and 
is the wife of W. S. Wright, of New London 
Township, and has four children; Jacob was born 
Aug. 30, 1853, married Maria Hedge, has four 
children, and resides on a fann in New London 
Township; Elizabeth was born Sept. 14, 1856, is the 
wife of Clifton Cl.arke, has one child, and resides 
in Jefferson Township, Henry County; Wriley was 
born July 22, 1859, and is living in AYestern Kan- 
sas; Delia was born June 17, 1862, and resides with 
her parents. The five younger children were born 
in Huntington County, Ind. 

Mr. Becker removed with his famih' to Geueva,- 
N. Y., in 1842, and from there to Huntington 
Count}', Ind., in 1851, where he engaged in farm- 
ing until 1865. when he came to Iowa and located 
in New London Township, where he still resides. 
Two of Mr. Becker's sons served in the late war for 
the Union. John F. was a member of the 34th 
Indiana Volunteer Infantrj-, and enlisted in 1861 
and served until the close of the war. George was 
a member of the 47th Indiana Volunteer Infantry. 
He enlisted in 1861 and served until the close 
of the war. Mr. Becker and all his sons are Re- 
publican in politics. The family are descended from 
a rugged, hardy race, noted for their longevity^ 
Mr. Becker is a courteous gentleman of superior 
mental and phjsical force, and is held in high es- 
teem by his neighbors and acquaintances. 



<^ I^ILLIAM BATES, a representative and in- 
fluential farmer, residing on section 23, 
Trenton Township, Henrj^ Co., Iowa, is 
a native of Saxonj-, Germ.any, born Aug. 18, 
1838. His parents. Christian and Mai-garet (Panser) 
Bates, also natives of Saxony, came to America 
in the fall of 1854, locating in Henrj- County, 







where the father bought a farm on section 23 of 
Trenton Township, consisting of 320 acres of par- 
tially improved Iniifl.anrl still lives on the old homo- 
stead . 

Our sul)ject, William Bates, was reared upon the 
above-mentioned farm, and was married, Oct. 4, 
1806, to Elizabeth Ginkel, a native of Hesse, Ger- 
many. Her parents were Conrad and Catharine 
(Kanft) (linkel. who came to America in 1871, 
making Trenton Township their home. Mr. and 
Mrs. Bates have been the parents of five children : 
Louis, born July 11, 1867; Neil, born Sept. 27, 
1868, and Minnie, born July 19, 1872, are still 
inmates of the parental home; the other two 
children are dead : Ida, born Sept. 3, 1874, died 
when four years of age, and Amiel, born March 18, 
1 870, died when about seventeen months old. 

Mr. Bates is one of the well-to-do farmers of 
Henry County^ and is a large land-owner, owning 
260 acres of finely cultivated land in Trenton 
Township, and 640 acres in Pratt County, Kan., 
and also some property in Pratt Center. Every- 
thing about his farm denotes thrift and enterprise. 
The out-buildings are models of convenience, the 
barn alone being worth $1,000, and his stock is of 
the best grades. The hospitable host and hostess 
of a fine country residence, which was erected at a 
cost of $2,500, they deserve a place in the history 
of their county. Mr. Bates in his political views is 
liberal, voting for the man whom he thinks will 
best fill the office. 

AMUEL CHANDLER, a soldier of the 
War of 1812, was born Feb. 18, 1795. He 
was married to Miss Eliza Kenyon, who 
was born in 1805. The^' were the hapjjy 
parents of si.x children, four of whom are now 
living, viz : James K. is a resident of Los Gatos, 
Cal. ; Thomas B., a Sergeant in the late Re- 
bellion, was taken prisoner at the battle of Shiloh 
and confined at Macon, Ga., and is now living in 
Burlington, Iowa; Hon. Joseph H. was in the Mich- 
igan Cavalry, and served through the war and 
drilled a company of colored men, of which he was 



Captain: Mar}' M. is the wife of B. ('. Chandler 
and lives in IMt. Pleasant. Two, Edwin and Martha, 
are deceased. The mother finished her work on 
earth Nov. 19, 1851. Mr. Chandler still resides in 
Mt. Pleasant, and is a man worthy of the deepest 
respect and love of all. Though ninety-throe years 
of age, he is in full possession of all his faculties. 


I siding in Baltimore Township, was born in 
I Schlascan, Germany, in 1830, and is the son 
^^ of John G. and Elizabeth (Douftle) Schubert. 
Both parents were also born in or near Schlascan, 
where thej' were married and reared a family of 
three children : Christiana, deceased wife of Gott- 
fried Schermell ; Mary, wife of Aug. Kudabe, a 
wealth}' farmer of Jackson Township, and our sub- 
ject. The parents came to America in 1853, locat- 
ing in Green Bay, and the nest year purchasing- 
land in Henry County. They remained in this 
county until their death, the father departing this 
life in 1875, and the mother in 1885, at the 
advanced age of eighty-eight. 

Our subject was married, in 1859, to Anna 
Muschick, a lady born in Germany, whose parents 
were Martin and Lizzie Muschick, residents of 
Marshall County, Iowa. Thej- began their domestic 
life upon a farm in Baltimore Township, upon 
rented land, but two years later Gottlieb purchased 
the farm of his father and removed with his young 
wife to their present location. Their children, five 
in number, were all born in this township, namely : 
Martin, born May 13, 1861, died Aug. 14, 1863; 
Charley, born April 20, 1863; Frank, born Nov. 22, 
1865; Mary, born Jan. .'il, 1868, and Emma, born 
Dec. 12, 1874. All are yet under the paternal 
roof except Charles, who was married Jan. 19, 1888, 
to Rose A. Lee. Mr. Schubert, aided by a good 
wife, has become one of the wealth}' men of Balti- 
more Town>hip, in a comparatively short lifetime, 
farming upon his present farm. The broad acres 
are highly cultivated, and the elegant country 
homo is one of the most attractive to be seen in 




the south part of the countj'. The large barns 
give shelter to niaiij^ hear! of fine cattle, and cverj'- 
thing betokens a prosperous life. All the children 
are well educated in the English language, and 
are such as give a high moral and intellectual tone 
to the community in which they reside. There is 
no family [living in this part of the county 
more favorably known to her citizens than that of 
Gottlieb and Anna Schubert, and as Germany has 
contributed many valuable citizens to the grand 
State of Iowa, we gladl}' give them a place in the 
histor}' of Henry County. 


'^inll^-'^'^' CAULK, deceased, was one of the 
ILiK early settlers of Henry County. He was a 
native of Guilford County, N. C, born in 
1828. In 18.34 he went with his parents to 
Georgetown, 111., and in 1836 came to Henry 
County. His parents were Robert and Jane (Hem- 
pill) Caulk. In this county Bent grew to manhood, 
and received his education in the pioneer log school- 
house. Bent was married on the 17th of Oc- 
tober, 1852, to Miss Jane Moore, born in Sangamon 
County, 111., Aug. 1, 1832, a daughter of Joseph 
and Lydia (Cooper) Moore, the former being a 
native of Indiana and the latter of Tennessee. Both 
were among the early settlers of Sangamon County, 
111., where they became acquainted and were united 
in marriage. They were the parents of eight chil- 
dren, seven of whom are now living. They were 
as follows : Calvin, who died in Ringgold County, 
Iowa: Rebecca, deceased; Jane, widow of Bent 
Caulk; Amanda, wife of Daniel Biddlecom, of Cass 
County, 111. ; Ephraim, a carpenter of Mt. Pleasant; 
John, residing in Buffalo County, Neb.: E^dward, 
also living in that countj% who was a soldier in the 
war of the Rebellion ; and James, residing in Bates 
County, Mo. In 1835 Mr. Moore came to Henry 
County with his family, and located on section U, 
Center Township. Mrs. Moore was a member of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church in her early life, 
but afterward affiliated with the Christian Church. 
She was a sincere Christian woman, highly respected 

by all who knew her, and died in August, 1882, 
mourned by a large circle uf friends. In the spring 
of 18-49, Mr. Moore, in company with a party com- 
posed of old settlers of Henry Conntj', went to 
California, and there remained engaged in mining 
until 1851, when he took passage on board a vessel 
bound for New York. The ship was never after- 
ward heard from, and all on board are supposed to 
have been lost. His oldest daughter, Rebecca, 
wife of Aldred Lotspeich. was also on board the 
lost vessel. 

Mr. and Mrs. Caulk grew to manhood and woman- 
hood on adjoining farms; by their union two sons 
were born, Charles and Frank, both of whom yet 
reside in this county. Mr. Caulk died in February, 
1883, leaving a widow and two sons, and many 
relatives and friends to mourn his loss. He was a 
kind husband and father, and was well and favora- 
bly known throughout the county as an honest, 
upright man, who had the confidence and respect of 
the entire comnuinit}'. Politically he was a Demo- 
crat. At the time of his death he was owner of 
249 acres of land, 200 of which was under cultiva- 
tion, and which was valued at $75 per acre. Mrs. 
Caulk still resides upon the home farm, where she 
has lived a period of thirty-four years. At the 
time of their settlement upon this farm, they were 
the farthest north of any family in the county, and 
Indians were frequent visitors at their cabin. To- 
day all this is changed, and the farm is one of the 
best improved in Henry County. 


,ARTON C. CHANDLER, of Mt. Pleasant, 
Iowa, is the son of Edward and Jane E. 
(Marsh) Chandler, who were natives of 
Vermont, but who removed to Spafford, N. 
Y., where, on the 19th of May, 1829, Barton was 
born. In 1832, while Barton was yet a child, thej' 
moved to Huron County, Ohio, and subsequently 
to Knox County in the same State, and then to 
Ripley Count}', Ind. In 1851 they came to Henry 
County. Of their family of seven children four 
are now living: Nancy, wife of Milo Chandler, of 






Smith County, Kan.; Lydia is inarried to John 
Banghani, a resident of Wilmington, Ohio; William 
H., who enlisted in the 4th Iowa Cavaliy and served 
four years, now resides in Dallas County, Iowa, 
and Barton C, the subject of this sketch. Edward 
Chandler was a shoemaker by trade, and was a 
member of the Missionary Baptist Church, of which 
body his wife was also a member. They are both 
now reaping the reward of a righteous life. He 
was born in Mulberry, Vt., Oct. 23, 17119, and died 
at Smith Center, Kan., Oct. 10, 1878. His wife 
was born at Niles, N. Y., Oct. 28, 1810, and died 
in New London Township, this county, Nov. 28, 
1853; their marriage was celebrated Jan. 10, 1828, 
in Scott, N. Y. 

The subject of this sketch, not unlike thousands 
of others at that time, received but limited educa- 
tional advantages. In 1849 he came to Henry 
County, settling in Mt. Pleasant, where he was 
employed as a carpenter and stonemason. In 
1858 lie was united in marriage with Miss Mary M. 
Chandler (see above), born June 19, 1839. By 
this union there are three children: Vincent K., 
educated at the Burlington Commercial College, is 
now a book-keeper at Perry, Iowa; Eliza J. was 
educated at Howe's Seminary, Mt. Pleasant, and at 
the Business College of Burlington, Iowa; Carrie 
May was educated at the University of Mt. Pleas- 
ant. Religiously, Mr. Chandler is a Seventh-Day 
Adventist, and he takes an .active interest in all 
educational matters. He has lived in Henry County 
since early times, and has witnessed the changes 
which transformed its natural wilderness to beauti- 
ful farms and elegant homes. In his life Mr. 
Chandler endeavors to live in faithful obedience to 
all the commands found in the Word of God, and 
in so doing feels that comfort and satisfaction not 
enjoyed by those who do not believe. 

^^ RAFTON KIRBY, of section ;!, Center Town- 
'/[ (^ shi|), was born in Morgan County, Ohio, 
'^^L May 20, 1843, and is a son of Thomas and 
Rebecca Ann ((irafton) Kirby. Their marriage 
was celebrated in Morgan County, Ohio, and to 

them was born a family of six children, four sons 
and two daughters: Mary J., wife of Isaac Thomas, 
a resident of Wilmington, Ohio; Isaac, a resident 
of New Mexico: ^MarthaE. married Stephen Livzy, 
of Keokuk, Iowa; Grafton, the subject of this 
sketch; Milton S., of Des Moines County, Iowa; 
Melvin C, deceased. In 18CC Thomas Kirby re- 
moved to Henr3^ County and jjurchased the land 
on which Mr. Backus now lives. In politics he 
was a Democrat, and a great admirer of Stephen 
A. Douglas. He and his estimable wife were mem- 
bers of the Congregationalist Church of Mt. Pleas- 
ant. Ml'. Kirby took great interest in all matters 
pertaining to education, and was always well in- 
formed on the affairs of the county and nation. 

Grafton Kirby, the subject of this sketch, was 
reared in Morgan Count}-, Ohio, until eighteen 
years of age, receiving a common-school education 
in his native State. He came to Henry Count}' in 
1836, and in 1869 was united in marriage with 
Miss Elizabeth J. Barclay, a daughter of Henry 
and Elizabeth Barclay, natives of Greene County, 
Pa. Henry Barclay was born in Greene County, 
Pa., in 1799, and in the year 1828 formed a matri- 
monial alliance with Elizabeth Armstrong, who was 
born in 1809. In 1858 Mr. Barclay came to Henry 
County and purchased the place where Mr. Kirb}- 
now resides. They were the parents of nine chil- 
dren : Helen, wife of James Davidson, of Chariton, 
Iowa; Mary, wife of John Biddle, deceased, now 
resides in Shenandoah, luwa; lleniy A., of Bird 
City, Kan. ; Elizabeth, wife of Grafton Kirby, of 
Heni'}' Count}-, Iowa; Laura, widow of Melvin C. 
Kirby, resides at Council Bluffs, Iowa. Mr. and 
Mrs. Barclay were members of the Presbyterian 
Church, and always ready to advance the cause of 
their Master. Mr. Barclay was called to his final 
home in 1862, preceding his wife twenty years, she 
dying in February, 1882. In early life he held the 
political views of the Whigs until the organization 
of the Republican party, when he cast his vote with 
that body. 

Mr. and Mrs. Kirby are the happy parents of two 
daughters: Lena, a graduate of the High School 
of Mt. Pleasant, is now in Chicago studying short- 
hand and type-writing; Laura, the other daughter, 
is at home. In 1882 Mr. Kirby suffered quite a 




loss by the cyclone of June 17, his loss being 
valued at $1,000. His business is that of a fanner 
and general stock-raiser. He owns eighty acres of 
land, situated twt) and a half miles from Mt. Pleas- 
ant, valued at from $.50 to $75 per acre, all of 
which is under a high state of cultivation. Mr. 
and Mrs. Kirby are earnest Christian people, and 
are members of the Presb3-terian Church of Mt. 
Pleasant. In politics Mr. Kirby is a Democrat. 

ON. SAMUEL L. STEELE, manager of the 
Mt. Pleasant Manufacturing Company, and 
present Representative in the Iowa Legisla- 
(^) ture from the Twentieth District, resides on 
section 36, Marion Township, Henry Co., Iowa, and 
does business in Mt. Pleasant. Mr. Steele has been 
a resident of Henry County since 1847, and was 
born in Clarke County, Ohio, April 8, 1836. His 
parents, James and Marj' H. (White) Steele, were 
natives of Virginia, and were born in Berkeley 
County, now West Virginia. They were of the old 
orthodox Quaker faith. On the father's side the 
family was of Irish origin, but residents of America 
from Colonial daj's. Gen. Steele, of Revolutionary 
fame, was a distant relative of our subject. Mr. 
Steele's parents moved from Virginia to Clarke 
County, Ohio, in 1826, and from there to Henry 
County, Iowa, in 1847, arriving in Jefferson Town- 
ship, where they located Oct. 25, 1847. 

Samuel L. was reared on a farm, and in August, 
1862, enlisted for the late war. He was elected 
Second Lieutenant of Company B, 25th Iowa Vol- 
unteer Infantry, and was promoted to a First Lieu- 
tenancy in August, 1863, and served in that capacity 
until the close of the wai-. He was mustered out 
at Davenport, Iowa, June 6, 1865. His regiment 
was assigned to the 15th (Gen. John A. Logan's) 
Army Corps, and participated in the battles of 
Chickasaw Bayou, Miss. ; Arkansas Post, Ark. ; siege 
of Vicksburg, Miss.; Lookout Mountain, Missionary 
Ridge, Ringgold, the Atlanta campaign, the battle 
of Goldsboro, N. C, and Sherman's historic march 
to the sea. The official history of the regiment 

shows that it participated in thirty-seven dis- 
tinct engagements. In almost all of these Lieut. 
Steele was a participant, and showed himself a brave 
and gallant soldier. On his return from the war 
Mr. Steele engaged in the mercantile and lumber 
business at Sedalia, Mo., which business occupied his 
time for four j'ears, at the end of which he returned 
to Hemy County, Iowa, and engaged in farming on 
section 6, Marion Township. In 1873 he purchased 
a farm of 280 acres on section 36 of the same town- 
ship, where he still resides. He has lately sold 120 
acres, leaving his present farm 160 acres in extent. 
Mr. Steele was married in Jefferson Township, 
Henry County, May 27, 1866, to Miss Sarah Mar- 
garet, daughter of Lawrence M. and Margaret L. 
Everts. Mrs. Steele was born in the State of New 
York, and came to Iowa in childhood. One child, 
a daughter, Mary E., was born to them, who is now 
the wife of Guy Norton, of St. Paul, Nel>. Mrs. 
Steele died Oct. 26, 1868. He was again married 
Dec. 24, 1872, in Henry County, to Miss Martha 
D. Oaks, a daughter of John S. Oaks, who was born 
in Lycoming County, Pa. Five children, four sons 
and a daughter, were born of their union : John 
Oaks, now aged eleven; James Arthur, aged nine; 
Edna, aged seven; Charles C, aged three, and 
Fred', an infant. 

Mr. Steele is an out-and-out Republican, and has 
voted with that party since its organization. He 
has been chosen to various offices of public honor 
and trust, and was elected as a member of the 
County Board of Supervisors in 1 808, and sub- 
sequently re-elected and served six years. Prior 
to that he had served as a member of the Town- 
ship Board of Trustees, and for fourteen years has 
been a member of the District School Board. He 
was elected Nov. 8, 1887, on the Republican ticket, 
as Representative to the State Legislature from the 
Twentieth District, by a majority of 596 over his 
competitor. In every position to which he has been 
chosen he has borne the reputation of a competent 
and upright official, and has earned the esteem of 
his fellow-citizens. 

Mr. Steele is a memlier of the McFarland Post 
No. 20, G. A. R., and is a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, of which church his first wife 
was also a member, while his present wife is a 







Presbyterian. lu August, 1887, he was instru- 
mental in organizing and incorporating the Mt. 
Pleasant Manufacturing Company, of which he is 
general manager. (See notice of business elsewhere 
in this work.) Mr. Steele is an energetic, sagacious, 
business man, a most indomitable worker, possess- 
ing superior executive ability and great force of 
character. The enterprise upon which he has so 
lately entered promises to develop into an impor- 
tant industry, and already orders are flowing in 
faster than the company, with their present facili- 
ties, can fill them. Mr. Steele is a man of un- 
questioned integrity, and justly ranks among the 
leading business men of Henry County. 

, EN JAM IN W. SPRY, now deceased, was a 
native of Ohio, and was born in Zanesville, 
f|!)))II' ^^^- '^^' 181'''- He remained in that city 
until after his marriage, which occurred in 
March, 1844, to Miss Ivy Johnson, who was also a 
native of Ohio. He was engaged in the mercantile 
business until the time of liis death, which occurred 
July 6, 1827. His life throughout was an entirely 
upright one, and he was held in iiigh esteem by all 
who knew him. His devoted wife preceded him to 
the better world, her death occurring June 25, 
1875. After the death of his wife Mr. Spry made 
his home with his son-in-law, G. W. Burton, of Mt. 
Pleasant. Mr. and Mrs. Spry were the parents of 
seven children: Hattie J., born in 1845, is now the 
wife of E. D. Anderson, wliose sketch appears else- 
where in this work; Annie E., born in 1846, is the 
wife of J. W. Burton, of Mt. Pleasant; Charles W., 
born in 1847, is a farmer in Marion Township; he 
married Flora B. IMoford. J. W. died in in- 
fancy; Mary E., who makes her home with her 
sister, Mrs. J. VV. Burton; Emma C, who died in 
1873, at the age of twenty : Homer J., born in 1857, 
is a farmer in Marion Township; his wife was Miss 
E. L. Anderson. 

Mrs. Harriet Boyce, now deceased, was a native 
of Washington (bounty, Md., and a grandmother of 
Mrs. Anderson. Her maiden name was Thompson. 
She was born Dec. 7, 171)2. Her first husband was 
Jacob Johnson, .and to them were born thirteen 


children, of whom twelve grew to man and woman- 
hood. At the time of her death she had seven 
children, forty-eight grandchildren, and twenty- 
seven great-grandchildren. Her second husband 
was Mr. Boyce. She was a member of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church. 

^OHN HANNAH, farmer, in Jackson Town- 
ship section 15, was born in the year 1831, in 
Brown County, Ohio, and is a son of James 
and Elizabeth (Fulton) Hannah. The Han- 
nah ancestors were of Irish origin, and the Ful- 
tons were probabl}^ of Scotch descent. Both James 
Hannah and his wife were born in Pennsylvania, 
and were married in Washington County of that 
State. James was by trade a shoemaker, but after 
his marriage engaged solely in agriculture, remov- 
ing at a very earlj' date to Brown County', Ohio, 
where he entered lands, built a house, and had a 
family of eight children before he removed to 
Clermont Countj' in the same State. The children 
were .as follows: Thomas, who died unmairied, had 
gone to New Orleans with a flatboat loaded with 
sundries, and on arriving there contracted yellow 
fever, and as he was returning home on a steamer 
died, and was buried at Cairo, III., more than 
fifty j'ears ago. Margaret wedded John McCartj', 
who during his lifetime was a farmer of Jackson 
County, Ind., and after his death married 
George Hampton, of Illinois, and is now his widow ; 
Fulton married first, Almeda Bryant, and after her 
death wedded Mrs. Lewis, and is a farmer in Brown 
County, Ohio; James wedded first, Margaret West, 
and after her death married a Miss Thompson, and 
.also resides upon a farm in Brown County; Ann, 
deceased, became the wife of Matthias Freedman, a 
farmer of Jackson Ci)unty, Ind.: David is wedded 
to Nancy J. Richards, of Clermont County, Oiiio, 
and resides in Edgar County, HI., on a farm; Jo- 
seph wedded for his first wife Eliza Ketcham, and 
after her death married again, and resides also in 
Brown County, Ohio. 

John Hannah, our subject, was married in Cler- 
mont Countj-, Ohio, in 1851, to Miss Catherine 
Seton, daughter of Ebenezer and Barbara (Bush- 



»► I I ^ » 




man) Setoii. The Setoii familj' were of Irish ex- 
traction, while the liushuuin family were of Ger- 
man and English origin, although born in Virginia. 
Both families were early settlers of Ohio, and were 
among the first to take up claims in that part of the 
eountr}-. A great-uncle of Mrs. Hannah, Thomas 
Seton, was a Captain in the army during the War 
of 1812. Great-grandfather Seton was a weaver in 
Ireland, but verj" little history can be obtained, as 
all the elder members of the family who could have 
furnished it are now dead. Grandfather Bushman 
purchased 1,300 acres of land, which was left to his 
children, and his descendants yet own it. He died 
at Point Pleasant, Ohio, which his land adjoined. 
Mrs. Hannah was one of a family of twelve : 
Elizabeth, Mary, Rebecca, Martha, William, John, 
Benjamin, Sarah, David, Catherine, Sippy A. and 
Ebenezer. The latter was born after his father's 
death. One son, John, was suffocated by damp in 
a well in Shelby Count}-, Ohio, and of the entire 
famil}' only Mrs. Hannah, Ebenezer and Benjamin 
are now living. Ebenezer is a farmer of Washing- 
ton County, Iowa, and Benjamin, wedded to Nancy 
A. Donnellj', is a farmer near Blue Rapids, Kan. 
After the marriage of our subject and his 3'oung 
wife, they remained two years in Ohio, and then 
removed to Jaclison County, Ind., near Seymour. 
They only remained there one year, and in Novem- 
ber, 1854, emigrated farther west and located in 
this township, on lands now owned by Alexander 
Kudobe. Benjamin Seton was a partner in the 
purchase of the 1 20 acres, and later Mr. Hannah 
sold his interest to Mr. Seton and purchased the 
farm upon which he now resides, on section 15, 
Jackson Township. One who looks at his fine im- 
provements to-day would scarcely think that in 
thirty years such a farm could be made. In March, 
1858, Mr. and Mi'S. Hannah moved into a little 
cabin which stood upon this tract, of which only 
three-fourths of an acre was then broken. Mr. 
Hannah was not a holder of United States bonds at 
that time, but he possessed a wealth of muscle and 
industry, and his good wife was ready to share in 
every undertaking. While her husband was at 
work getting out rails and grubbing tirush, she was 
doing her share to aid in the work, and as children 
came to bless their home, the labor of love was 

lightened. Their first-born was Martha E., now 
deceased, who was the wife of Van Jackman; she 
was born in Ohio, and all the others in this town- 
ship. Benjamin F. wedded Angelina Bunker; 
George died in infancy; Mary is deceased; Jane is 
the wife of Harlan Pickard ; Owen W., John W., 
and Margaret A., deceased, and Robert F., complete 
the familj'. The three unmarried sons reside with 
their parents in a handsome cottage on the hill 
overlooking a wide expanse of country, and the 
site furnishes a view unsurpassed from any point in 
the township. Mr. Hannah came to this count}' a 
poor man, but by economy and hard labor he has 
realized a nice fortune, and his meager purchase of 
1854 has grown to 2.35 acres, purchased as he was 
able. The good wife still superintends her house- 
hold, and Mr. Hannah can take his ease if he de- 
sires, as they have already a competence, and the 
boys are skilled in farm work. Mr. Hannah has 
served in numerous official positions, his first elec- 
tion as Trustee occurring in 1 860, since which time 
he has been frequentlj' re-elected to the same office, 
and has also served upon the School Board for sev- 
eral years. B. Frank, the eldest son, served two 
years as Township Clerk, and is the only son of 
age. Both Mr. and Mrs. Hannah are members of 
Donaldson Methodist Episcopal Church, in which 
he has often served in an official capacity. We add 
this sketch with pleasure to the number of repre- 
sentative families in this county, and none are en- 
titled to or will receive a more cordial greeting. 
Ebenezer Seton, father of Mrs. Hannah, removed 
from Clermont County, Ohio, to Shelby County, 
Ohio, and while digging a well there, and leaving it 
for dinner, heard a noise below. Supposing water 
had broken in he sent his young son, John, down 
in the bucket to bring up the tools. The cause of 
the noise was damp, and the boy fell out of the 
bucket suffocated. The father, not knowing the 
cause, went down to rescue his child, and he also 
fell a victim, both being dead before the}' were 
got out by the neighbors. The mother, with 
her remaining children, returned to Clermont 
County, where she lived a widow until her death, 
dying in 1877, nearly seventy-nine years of age. 
She spun, wove, and worked in every way to keep 
her family together, and bring them up properly, as 







she did, and her chiklren have cause to revere her 

Another of the famil}', William, also met an 
accidental death. He was a resident of Jackson 
Township, having become a citizen of Henry 
Countj-. Nov. 9, 1874, while digging a cistern for 
Stephen Booth it caved in upon him. When the 
attempt was made to rescue him he was barely 
able to speak, but was dead before he was extricated. 


f OHN Z. NUGEN, a farmer residing at New 

London Village, has 120 acres of land. He 

J was born in New London Township, Ai)ril 
■25, 1845, and is the son of Jarrett and 
Meliuda (Butler) Nugen, of whom a history is 
given elsewhere. He was reared on the farm, and 
received a common-school education, and when 
nineteen j-ears of age enlisted, Ma3' 1, 18G4, as a 
private in Company G, 45th Iowa Volunteer In- 
fantry, and served four months in the Army of the 
Tennessee. On his return from the war he engaofed 
in farming in New London Township. He was 
married in Des Jloines County, Iowa, Sept. 25, 
1870, to Miss Zora Belle Newell, daughter of Albert 
and Martha Newell. Mi-s. Newell was born in 
Pleasant Grove Township, Des Moines Co., Iowa. 
Six children have gathered round the hearthstone of 
this worthy couple, live of whom are now living: 
Aria, born Nov. 1, 1871 ; Jarrett, deceased; Eliza- 
beth, William II., Ethel, and an infant daughter, 
unnamed. Mr. Nugen moved to the village of 
New London in 1887. Mrs. Nugen is a member 
of the Protestant Episcopal Church, and Mr. Nugen 
is a member of Charity Lodge No. 56, I. O. O. F., 
and of J. W. Hardin Post No. 384, G. A. R., and 
in politics is a Democrat. 

EDWARD L. PENN, a leading merchant and 
old settler of Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, and one of 
the most prosperous business men of that 
thrift}' city, was born in the good old cit^' of Broth- 
erly Love (Philadelphia), which was founded by 


his namesake, William Penu. His father, Abraham 
Penn, was a Quaker, born in Chatham, England, 
and descended from an old Quaker family of 
that locality". His mother, whose maiden name was 
Elizabeth Livingston, was born at Philadelphia, and 
was a daughter of Capt. John Livingston, wlio was 
killed at the battle of Brando-wine. She was also a 
niece of Robert R. Livingston, t)ne of thesignersof 
the Declaration of Independence. 

The subject of this sketch while a youth removed 
with his parents to a point near C'hillicothe, Ohio. 
He was trained to mercantile pursuits earlj- in life, 
and was engaged in merchandising in various places 
South and West. He spent twelve j-ears in that 
I line at Lafayette, Ind., and came to Mt. Pleasant, 
Iowa, in October, 1850. Oncoming to this city, 
he engaged in the drv-goods and boot and shoe 
business, having a double store. Mr. Penn devoted 
his whole attention to his business, which he con- 
ducted so successful!}- that he acquired a comfort- 
able fortune. For the past twelve years Mr. Penn 
has retired from active participation in the details of 
the business, though still retaining his interest there- 
in. In 1878 he formed the existing partnership 
with Mr. C. A. Holwick, under the firm name of 
Penn & Holwick. This house carries an extensive 
stock of staple dry-goods, carpets, boots and shoes. 

Mr. Penn was united in marriage at Lafayette, 
Ind., Aug. 12, 1851, wiili ^Miss Amelia A. Weaver, 
daughter of Dr. Jacob Weaver. Mrs. Penn's father 
was a Trustee of Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pa., 
and Professor of the art of elocution. He lectm-ed 
and wrote extensively on the subject, and the 
author of text books on elocution which are the 
standard authority among students and elocution- 
ists. He was a man of superior ability, and enjo^'ed 
a wide and flattering repuUition. Mr. and Mrs. 
Penn were blessed with three children, daughters: 
Ella A. and Lulu B. were born in Lafaoette, Ind. ; 
Katie Alma, the youngest, was born in Mt. Pleas- 
ant, Iowa. Mr. Penn, his wife and daughters, are 
members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He 
is a Republican in politics, but in no sense a politi- 
cian in the way of seeking for office, which he 
would not accept. He has never coveted political 
preferment, desiring the more quiet and unpretend- 
ing life of a m:in of business. He has taken an act- 



►■ 11 ^ * 




ive interest iu educational matters, and for twenty 
years has served as a member of tlie Board of Trus- 
tees of tlie Iowa Wesleyan ITniversity, and for the 
past fifteen years has been President of the Execu- 
tive Board of that institution. He was one of the 
incorporators of the First National Bank of Mt. 
Pleasant, of which he is a large stockholder, and has 
served as member of the Board of Directors since 
the establishment of the bank. 

Mr. Penn has been a resident of Mt. Pleasant for 
the past thirty-one ,years, during which time he has 
been prominently identified with the mercantile in- 
terests of the city, and has always been recognized 
as one of its leading merchants, and most highly 
respected citizens. He is now living in the quiet 
enjoyment of well-earned influence. His residence 
on North Jefferson street, surrounded by extensive 
and tastil}' arranged grounds, is one of the finest 
and most attractive in the city. 

^ ^^ ^ 

j^^ C ADAM BROTHERS, James and William 
A., photographers, have been established in 
business atMt. Pleasant since 1875. James, 
the senior partner, and active member of 
the firm, was born in Harrison County, Ohio, Oct. 
20, 1846, and is a son of George and Ann (Moore) 
McAdam, both of whom were also natives of Harri- 
son County, Ohio. Our subject went to Wenona, 
Marshall Co., 111., in the spring of 1857, and in 
that place learned the art of photograpiiy. In the 
winter of 1809-70 he commenced business for him- 
self at LaSaUe, 111., but gave it up after six months, 
and engaged in ranching in Colorado for another 
six months, when he returned to Illinois and again 
began business, this time at Wenona, where he re- 
mained in business until 1875. In that year, in 
compan}- with his brother George, he started his 
present gallery at Mt. Pleasant, and has been con- 
tinuously engaged in business here ever since, and 
has made many friends, both in business and socially. 
In his business he is materially assisted by his wife, 
who is a lady of talent and business capacity. His 
brother and partner takes no active part in the busi- 
T ness, which is successful, and constantly increasing, 

owing to the fine class of work done, and reason- 
able prices charged. 

June 27, 1877, James McAdam w-as married to 
Miss Agnes S. Phillips, daughter of Lieut. William 
Phillips, who was killed in the famous "battle of the 
AVilderness." Mrs. McAdam was born at Pitts- 
burgh, Pa. Mr. and Mrs. McAdam have been the 
parents of three children, two of whom died in in- 
fancy. The survivor is a daughter, Mary A., now 
nine years of age. Mr. and Mrs. McAdam are 
members of the Presbyterian Church, and in politics 
he is a supporter of the Republican party. Both 
are respected members of society, who are held in 
esteem by all who know them. 

AREY D. SHELLEDY, a farmer and stock- 
raiser, residing on section 29, Baltimore 
Township, was burn in Jennings County, 
Ind., in 1 822, and is the son of George and Isabella 
(Graham) Shelledy. Edward, the paternal grand- 
father of our subject, was born in Virginia, and the 
ancestors are supposed to be of Irish origin. He 
married Miss Bovell, and later moved to Ohio, 
from thence to Jennings County, Ind., and lastly 
to Edgar Count}', 111., where both himself and wife 
died. They had seven children: Margaret, de- 
ceased, who wedded William Moore, of Lowell, 
Iowa, and died in that village ; George, father of 
(jur subject, who married Isabella Graham in Indi- 
ana, where his death accidentally occurred while 
clearing up his farm; Stephen married Elizabeth 
Vance, and both are deail; Alfred, Gillen and Alex, 
who died unmarried, and John, married to Mary 
A. Milton, completed the number of children. 

The family of George and Isabella SheUedy con- 
sisted of three sons — Edward, George and Carey 
D. The widow afterward married John Compton, 
and bore him six children — Samuel, Virginia, Loui- 
siana, Stephen, William and Isabella. The death 
of the mother occurred in Marion Count)', Iowa, 
in 1822. After the death of his father and mar- 
riage of his mother Carey D. Shelledy, then sixteen 
years of age, left home and vvent to Charleston, 111., 
where he learned the saddlery and harness trade. 
When eighteen years old he came to this county, 


1 ' 






and in the winter of 1840 opened a shop, the first 
mechanic of this art in the now thriving county 
seat. He madu the first saddle and breeching har- 
ness ever nianufactui'ed in Henry County. His 
shop stood upon the site of Presley Saunders' bank, 
but there was not enough call for his services to 
pay the young man, and he went to Lowell and 
took charge of a carding-mill for Thomas Angell, 
which he operated for two years. The next year 
he went to what is now known as the second pur- 
chase of Indian lauds, upon which Ottuuiwa and 
Oskaloosa are situated. He aided in building all 
the first cabins of Oskaloosa, as when he reached 
the place only one log store stood upon its site. 
This was a general store that retailed groceries and 
whisky, owned at the time by Leeper .Smith. Mr. 
Shelledy was present at the Os.agc Agency when the 
treaty was made, and selected three claims, built a 
log cabin on each, later sold two claims, and secured 
enough monej' to enter eighty acres at the first 
land sale at Fairfield. His marriage had been cele- 
brated prior to this lime, Miss Amanda Shelledy 
becoming his wife. They began life on limited 
capital, and in Mahaska County theirs was one of 
the first marriages. The father of Judge Seavers 
performed the ceremony, and the young bride was 
installed mistress of a log cabin, with hewed pun- 
cheon floor erected by her husband. That was the 
beginning of his good fortune. Children came 
to their cabin home. The first was Elizabeth, now 
the wife of Charles Simpson; her birth was followed 
by that of a son, George E., who died in infancy; 
then Jane, who died in childhood, and who was 
born in Jasper County, to which her parents had 
removed, and where other children were born, viz. : 
Ella, now wife of George Collins; Margaret, wife 
of Hugh Bowen, and Stephen, the husband of De- 
borah Collins. In 1869 Mr. Shelledy returned to 
Henry County, and ])urchased the farm upon which 
William Archibald now resides. His wife died in 
Jasper County, and in l)es Moines County Mr. 
Shelled}' married his second wife, Mrs. Jane (^Lin- 
der) Hale, who had three children by her first hus- 
band, named George W., Sylvester and Sarah J. 
After her marriage to Mr. Shelledy she bore Lean- 
der and Andrew, twins ; Fremont, Nathaniel, 
Emma, Charles, Amy, Ella, John, Frank and Fred. 

All are living except Ella, and are widely scattered. 
Leander married Mary Kyle, and Andrew married 
her sister Rena; Fremont wedded Ella Cook, in 
Nebraska; Emma is Richard Foster's wife, while 
the others are unmarried. Margaret was a teacher 
in Marion and Cass Counties prior to her marriage, 
but all the sons are farmers, and the daughters have 
wedded farmers. 

From the lad in 1 840, with thirty-seven and a half 
cents in his pocket, our subject grew to manhood, 
reared a large family, and is now, in his mature years 
one of the large land-owners and wealthy men of 
Baltimore Township. For many years Mr. Shelledy 
served as a member of the School Board, but dis- 
liking to attend to an\' business except his own, 
has declined any connection with other olHcial po- 
sitions. His education in his youth was very lim- 
ited, all his learning being self-acquired, but his 
children have all been given a liberal education. 
In 187G he purchased the Hussey farm, and is now 
the owner of 200 broad acres, and is in emy cir- 
cumstances. He is the grandsire of eighteen chil- 
dren, and the father of seventeen. Genial and 
social, Mr. and Mrs. Shelled^' have alwa3's been 
noted for their hospitality, and this sketch will be 
read with interest by scores of old pioneers, among 
whom they are numbered. His step-father was a 
cruel man to the children, and was very fond of 
chastising them upon the least provocation. The 
last seen of him bj' our subject, he was standing in 
the door with a birch switch in his hand, waiting 
for Carey to put in an appearance, but he had 
climbed out of a back window, and was making 
tracks for Illinois, without bidding any of the fam- 
ily adieu. When he next saw his mother he had 
grown to manhood, and she failed to recognize 
him. He went to Indiana after her, intending to 
give her a home, her second husband being also 
dead at the time. That good lad}- accompanied 
him to Iowa, and found a comfortable home under 
his roof during the remainder of her life. Mr. 
Shelledy was in early d.ays an avowed Abolitionist, 
and was largely interested in the underground rail- 
ro.Mcl, of which mention will he made elsewhere, and 
in that connection acted both ;is .SUition Agent and 
as conductor, and was instrumental in securing the 
froecloni of many a poor colored man before the 




»► l l^ » 



Emancipation Proclamation gave tliem all their lib- 
ertj-. For his manly character, his uprightness and 
straightforward manner, he is greatly esteemed by 
those who know him. 

ARRETT NLTGEN,a former residing on sec- 
tion 36, New London Township, is a pioneer 
of 1840. He has several well-improved 
farms, aggregating 59.5 acres, and liis post- 
oflice is New London. Mr. Nugen is a native of 
Virginia, and was born in Kanawha County, now 
in West Virginia, in February, 1813. His parents 
were also natives of Virginia. His father, John 
Nugen, Sr., was born near Richmond, Va., in 177.5, 
of Irish parents, and was a soldier of the War of 
1812. He was married in Kanawha County, Va., 
to Miss INIary C. Lee. They were the parents of 
sixteen children, thirteen of whom grew to man 
and womanhood ; and four sons — David, Jarrett, 
Charles and Silas — came to Iowa, and settled in New 
London Township, Henry County; Charles came 
in 1838, Jarrett and David in 1840, and Silas in 
1855. Of these David and Jan-ett are still residents 
of this county, are wealthy, and large land-owners. 
Silas resides in Dakota Territory, and Charles is 
now deceased. The family are remarkable for their 
longevity, there being now living eleven of the 
twelve children who reached maturity. The oldest 
was born in 1804, and is now eighty-three years of 
age; the youngest is fifty-seven years old. 

John Nugen, Sr., emigrated from Virginia to 
Kentucky, and a few years later to Wayne County, 
Ind., in 1818. He continued to reside in that 
county, engaged in farming, until his deatli, wliich 
occurred in 1859. His wife was of an old Virginia 
family of Colonial times. Her father served through 
the Revolutionary War as a soldier of the Conti- 
nental army, and was a warm patriot. 

Jarrett Nugen, our subject, was reared on his 
father's farm, and was united in marriage in Wayne 
County, Ind., March 8, 1838, to Miss Melinda 
Butler, daughter of Samuel Butler. Mrs. Nugen 
was born in Wayne County, Ind., and her fatlier 
was a native of Georgia, emigrating to the former 
State at an early day. Seven children were born 

■"^ ' — ^— 

of their union, five sons and two daughters, and 
five are now living : William H. was boi'n in Des 
Moines County, Iowa, Jan. G, 1841, and served in 
the late war as a member of Company K, 25th 
Iowa Volunteer Infantry ; he was engaged in the 
mercantile business at New London for twelve 
j'ears, four in company with Capt. Richard, and 
eight by himself, but is now engaged in farming. 
Mary, born April 6, 1843, is the wife of Gad 
Lyman, of New London; John Z., born April 25, 
1845, married Miss Zora Belle Newell, and resides 
at New London (see his sketch) ; Lizzie was born 
May 28, 1847, and resides with her father; Josephus, 
born April 27, 1850, died at the age of four; Ell- 
wood died in childhood ; the other being an un- 
named infant. Mr. Nugen first came to Iowa Oct. 
18, 1839, purchasing a claim in Des Moines County, 
and after a brief stay returned to Indiana. The 
following year he returned with his family, arriving 
at their home in Pleasant Grove Township Oct. 8^ 
1840. On the 2d of M.arch, 1841, he moved to 
Henry County, and on the 16th of November of 
that year he established his permanent home, where 
he has since resided. Mr. Nugen was a Whig in 
early life, and since the dissolution of that party 
has been a Democrat. He is a Master Mason, a 
member of New London Lodge No. 28, A. F. & A. 
M. He has been an active business man, and by 
industry and good management has accumulated a 
large property, and his character as a man and 
citizen is above reproach. 


W. SATTERTHWAIT, druggist, Mt. Pleas- 
ant, Iowa, was born in Guernsey County, 
Ohio, March 29, 1835, and is the son of 
Enoch and Nancy (Dilley) Satterthwait. His 
parents were natives of England, but came to 
America in early life. They settled in New Jersey, 
and subsequently moved to Guernsey County, 
Ohio, when that county was in a primitive condi- 
tion, where his father owned a large tract of land, 
on which he carried on farming and stock-raising. 
J. W. lost his mother when he was but two years 
old, and his father died six years later, leaving the 
gon an orphan at the tender age of seven j'ears. His 






people were members of the Society of Friends, and 
he was reared among Quakers and educated at a 
Quaker school. He served several years as a 
druggist's clerk, and in the autumn of 1856 came 
to Mt. Pleasant, Iowa. The succeeding four years 
were spent in various undertakings, and in 18G0 he 
purchased an interest in the drug business, but did 
not engage personally in it at that time. He en- 
listed in the war of tlie Rebellion in response to 
the first call of the President for troops in April, 
1861, and entered the service as a member of Com- 
pany F, 1st Regiment Iowa Volunteer Infantry 
(three-months men), and served through the term 
of his enlistment and a few days longer. He par- 
ticipated in the campaign under Gen. Lyon ; the 
regiment remaining in the service a short time after 
the expiration of their term of enlistment before 
being mustered out, in order to take part in the 
battle of Wilson's Creek, then ponding, and in 
which they were activel3- engaged. 

On his return from the war, in August, 1861, he 
engaged actively in the drug business at Mt. Pleas- 
ant, in which he has continued ever since. In 1869 
he was elected by the Republican party to repre- 
sent Henry County in the Iowa Legislature, and 
served one term ; he has also served as a member 
of the Common Council of Mt. Pleasant. He was 
one of the proprietors and organizers of the Henry 
County Agricultural Society, and has ever since 
been a member, and has held the positions of Secre- 
tary and Treasurer. Mr. Satteithwait has always 
taken a warm interest in educational matters, and 
has served about twenty years as a member of the 
Board of Education, which jiosition he holds at this 
writing, and most of the time lieing President of 
the Board. He is :ilso a member of the Board of 
Directors of the State Normal Sciiool, and has filled 
that position four years, and lias always wielded a 
large influence in educational matters, and has given 
eminent satisfaction tf) the people in every position 
to which he has been called. 

IMr. Sattcrthwait was married al i\lt. I'leasant, 
in Aijril, 1802, to Miss Emma Randolph, a daughter 
of John H. Randol|>li. Mrs. Sattertli wail was born 
in Mt. Pleasant, Iowa. Her father was a native of 
Virginia, and a member of tlie well-known family 
<pf thai name. Her mother was born in Kentucky. 

The family were among the early settlers of Henry 
County, Iowa. 

Mr. and Mrs. Satteithwait have four children, 
all girls — Myra, Lulu, Stella and Gladys; all born 
at Mt. Pleasant. Myra is the wife of W. W. Bene- 
dict, now of Passadena, Cal. The rest are unmar- 
ried. Mr. Sattcrthwait is a 32d degree Mason, and 
prominent!}' identified with the fraternit\- in Iowa. 
He has held oflicial positions in all the local Masonic 
bodies of Mt. Pleasant, and in the grand bodies of 
Iowa. He was one of the charter members of Jeru- 
salem Commander}' No. 7, Mt. Pleasant, and is the 
present Eminent Commander of that body. He is 
also Worthy Patron of Bethlehem Chapter No. 38, 
of the order of the Eastern Star. As his Masonic 
record shows, Mr. Sattcrthwait possesses superior 
executive ability and the essential qualities of a 
leader among men. 

Mr. Sattcrthwait, although not a communicant, 
is a friend and supporter of St. Michael's Episcopal 
Church, of which two of his daughters are mem- 
bers. He is also the leader of the church choir. 
His wife and daughter Lulu belong to the Presby- 
terian Church. Physically, he is tall, well-formed, 
and of commanding presence. As a business 
man, and socially, he is held in high esteem among 
those who know him best, and is jnstlj' regarded as 
one of Mt. Pleasant's foremost citizens. 

ELIJAH RICHARD, deceased, was for many 
years a prominent merchant in New Loudon, 
) where he located on his first arrival in Iowa 

from Virginia, in which State he was born, near 
Pembroke, Fi'cdcrick County, Nov. 14, 1798. The 
anccstr}' of Mr. Richard on both sides were of Ger- 
man extraction, his mother being a native of 
Germany, who came to tlii?. country with her par- 
ents, landing on her eighth birthday. His boyhood 
days weresiieut in \\'inchester, in liis native county, 
in which place he was engaged in mercantile busi- 
ness for Samuel Rrowu, a member of the Society of 
Friends. When a young man he removed to Wood- 
stock, Shenandoah Co., \:\., where he liegan busi- 
ness for hiuiself, and where a few years later he was 
married to. Miss l-lliza II. Tliompsou, ;i native of 














■> ■ ' <•■■ 




Chester County, Pa., who came to Woodstock with 
her pai'ents when a child. Their marriage wast'ele- 
brated in April, 1818. After some years spent in 
business in Woodstock. Mr. Richard went onto a 
farm given him by his father, situated in the same 
county, and on that place he remained until his re- 
moval to Iowa. In that county all of Mr. and Mrs. 
Richard's children were born. The eldest was an 
infant who lived hut a few hours; the next was 
Catherine A. G., now the sole survivor of the 
family, and the occupant of the old family home in 
New London. The others were: William Thomp- 
son Henry, who died when but a little over four 
j'ears of age; John Thompson, who came to Iowa 
with his parents and died in New London in Sep- 
tember, 1845, having been tw-enty-oue years old 
the preceding month; Mary Elizabeth, who was 
twice married in Henrj' County, her first husband 
being John Green, of Mt. Pleasant, where he died ; 
her second husband was El isha. Saunders, also of Mt. 
Pleasant, but who subsequently removed to New 
London, where both died. The youngest of the 
family w-as Ignatius Perry McCandless, who also 
accomi)anied his parents to Henry County, and died 
in August, 1844, having been sixteen years old the 
preceding April. 

The new Territory of Iowa at that time attract- 
ing much attention, in 1841 Mr. Richard deter- 
mined to remove thither, and selling his Virginia 
farm he made the journey overland, crossing the 
Mississippi at P't. Madison in the beginning of Oc- 
tober of that year. A few days later he bought a 
place at New London, to which he at once removed 
his family, arriving there Oct. 27, 1841. For two 
years he cultivated the small farm with the aid of a 
man he had brought from Virginia, but this did 
not satisf}' his active temperament, and in the spring 
of 1844 he engaged in mercantile business in New 
London, which he carried on until the increasing 
infirmities of age caused him to retire a few years 
before his death. During eight years of that time 
he was Postmaster of New London, but on the 
inauguration of President Lincoln in 18G1, resigned 
the position, he being a strong and uncompromising 
Democrat. During the later years of his life he 
lived retired, in the enjoyment of ample means in 
the home which was selected as their future resi- 

dence by his daughter Catharine, on the ver3- day 
on which they arrived in New London, and on 
which he subsequently built the commodious resi- 
dence which she yet occupies. 

For more than forty years Mr. Richard was a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and 
had many times offered a site for a church edifice 
in New London, but the matter had not been set- 
tled when he passed away, and his daughter, faith- 
ful to her father's memory, kei)t his pledge, and in 
1887 donated to the society over an acre of ground 
In the center of the village, on which the neat frame 
church now stands and in which services are regu- 
larly held. 

In April, 1848, Mrs. Eliza II. Richard passed 
from this life, mourned by her husband and sur- 
viving children, and with the love and esteem of 
all who knew hei- as she was, a loving wife and de- 
voted mother. Mr. Richard followed her June 22, 
1881, passing away suddenl}', unexpectedly and 
painlessly, living but a few minutes after he was 
attacked by illness. He left behind him the repute 
of an honorable man, a good citizen and faithful 
friend, who was never known to do wrong. His 
loving daughter still occupies the family home, 
calmly waiting for the summons which will reunite 
her to those who have gone before. The excellent 
portrait on an adjoining page of this Album is a 
tribute of her affection for the niemorj' of the par- 
ent whom she so dearl3' loved and so greatlj' 

RANK P. PECK, M. D., Second Assistant 
Physician and Pathologist of the Iowa State 
Hospital, Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, since April 1, 
1883, was born in Will Ct>unty, 111., near Joliet, 
Oct. 1, 1858, and is the son of Armenius D. and 
Hannah H. (Hopping) Peck. He received his lit- 
erary education at the Lockport ( 111.) High School, 
and taught school for five years before entering the 
Chicago Medical College in 1879, where, after a 
regular course, he graduated in the class of 1883, 
having spent eighteen months of that time in 
Cook County Hospital. He then came directly to 
Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, to accept the position he now 
holds, as stated above. In politics he is a Repub- 

- ► ■ <* 




lican; religiously a member of the Baptist Chnreh, 
and fraternally a Master Mason, a member of Mt. 
Pleasant Lodge No. 8, A. F. & A. M. 

Dr. Peck is a young physician of fine ability, a 
thorough student of .advanced ideas, and has spared 
no pains to familiarize himself with all that pertains 
to a thorough knowledge of his profession as rap- 
idly as possible, and has already won a high place 
in the estimation of those best qualified to judge of 
his merits. His father, Armeiiius D. Peck, was a 
farmer bj^ occupation, and a worthy man of good re- 
pute. He was born in Jefferson County, N. Y., 
Oct. 20, 1820. In his youth he went to Chautau- 
qua County, .and then in 1835, to Danville, 111., 
with his parents. The following year the family 
removed near Joliet, Will Count}', where the father 
engaged in farming. He married Miss Hannah Hop- 
ping. Five children were born to^them, three sons 
and two daughters, Frank P. being the third child. 
Mr. Peck is connected with the Baptist Church, 
and in politics is a Republican. Mrs. Peck was born 
in Onondaga County, N. Y., Nov. 23, 1821. She 
was an estimable lady, a devoted wife and mother, 
an earnest Christian and member of the Baptist 
Church. Her death occurred Oct. 23, 1879. 




l/OHN C. COLLINS is a farmer of Baltimore 
Township. The Collins family came from 
Indiana to this county in 18.50. Henry B. 
Collins, the father of -our subject, was born 
in New York, and his wife, Catherine Sh.annon, in 
Pennsylvani.a. They were married in Ohio Count}', 
Ind., where our subject, the eldest son, w;is born; 
iiis birth was followed by that of Adeli.a, wife of 
Robert Wood; William, who wedded Rachel Bun- 
ker; George, husband of Ella Shelled}-; Mary, wife 
of R. T. Wood; .Julia, deceased wife of Jonathan 
Hunker; Deborah .1., wife of Slcphen Sliellcdy; 
Olive B., wife of .bilui Grubb; Margaret, wife of 
George Hannah, wliich completed the family. 

When Henry 15. Collins came to this county he 
pureliased 20G acres on section 30, Baltimore Town- 
ship, upon which his son George resides. With the 
exception of a small cabin and some cultivated 

land, Henry Collins improved the tract during his 
lifetime, and with the exception of the farm house 
built since his death by his widow, all the improve- 
ments stand as monuments of his industry. His 
widow survived him ten years, dying at the age of 
seventy-two. The children of this family have all 
been possessed of the same enterprise which char- 
acterized the parents, and all who are living, with 
the exception of Mary, who resides in Webster 
County, are still residents of Henry County. Henry 
B. Collins died July 30, 1877, aged sixty-eight, and 
his widow April 26, 1886. 

Our subject was born Jan. 5, 1838, and was mar- 
ried, in 1 859, to Miss Phabe E. Kent, of Lee County, 
who was born Nov. 22, 1842, and is a daughter of 
H. Tapley and Cynthia A. (Crossley) Kent, who 
came from Montgomery County, Ohio, about 185G, 
to Lee County. Her mother is still living in Caw- 
ker City, Kan., and of their children, three sons and 
one daughter, William wedded Emma Glover; 
Theodore became the husband of Lizzie Cra-michael ; 
Ross is unmarried, and resides in the West; and 
Ph<ebe is the wife of John C. Collins. Since his 
marriage Mr. Collins has been a farmer four years 
in Lee County, one winter in Kansas, one in Mills 
County, Iowa, and the remainder of his married 
life has been passed in Henry County. Eight chil- 
dren have graced their union: Lucy M., wife of 
Adam Myers; William, Annie, Bertha, Tapley, 
Belle, Thurman and Frank. AVilliam is now a 
teacher in Kansas, and with Annie and Bertha, com- 
pleted a classical course at the Denmark Academy, 
and Annie is now engaged in teaching in Cawker 
City, Kan. We ai'e pleased to present the sketch of 
this family, who have for years been accorded a 
noble place in the social and business world, .and as 
the Collinses ever will remain on record as among 
those who have aided largely in the development 
of Henry County, they are given a deserved place 
in her history. 

In comi)any with his lirotiier, George Collins, a 
dairy established on tin- II. B. Collins farm in 
June, 1887; the cai)acity of the cheese factory is 
150 pounds a day, and they in partnership are using 
fifty cows in the dairy, which nuiulier they intend 
to increase. Mr. Collins superintends the outfit, 
and is .a practical operator with large experience. 


>■ m < » 



Not a pound is shipped, the products not being suffi- 
cient to supply home demand. In this enterprise 
over $1,500 is invested, and thoy exi)ect to largely 
increase the stock the coming months. 

i\ ATHIAS S. BOWERS, a farmer and stock- 
raiser, of Marion Township, residing on sec- 
tion 25, was born in Muskingum County, 
Ohio, Feb. 24, 183y, and is the son of John 
and Rebecca (Vernon) Bowers. His father was born 
in Greene County, Pa., June 24, 1792, and his mother 
in Muskingum County, Oct. 10, 1805. John and 
Rebecca Bowers were the parents of twelve chil- 
dren ; of that number eleven are still living: Amos 
married Miss Elizabeth Spry, of Custer County, 
Oliio; Henry wedded Miss Sarah Violet, and re- 
sides in Wasliington, Washington Co., Iowa; Lu- 
cinda, widow of Patterson Calhoun, resides in 
Zanesvillc, Ohio; Cornelius married Catherine Cal- 
houn, and resides in La Harpe, Hancock Co., 111. ; 
Charles S. married Emeline Moore, who died in 
1866, leaving two children, and he was again mar- 
ried, to Eliza Erving, and now resides at Elmwood, 
Peoria Co., 111. ; Charles was a member of the 4th 
Iowa Cavalry and served three years; Mathias, our 
subject, is the sixth child in order of birth ; Dorothy, 
wife of Allen Vernon, of Council Bluffs, Iowa; 
Lizzie, widow of Jacob Twigs, a resident of 
Beatrice, Neb.; Harrison was a member of tlie 4th 
Iowa Cavalry, and died at Memphis, Tenn., in 
1864; Harriet, wife of a Mr. Humphrey, a con- 
ductor on the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Rail- 
road, resides at Lincoln, Neb.; Eliza, wife of Allen 
Courtney, a farmer of Marion Township ; and Chris- 
tiana, wife of Logan Myers, residing near Marshall, 
Iowa. Their children were all born in Muskingum 
County, Ohio, their father having settled in that 
county at a ver}' early day and was married at 
that place. He found the country in a state of 
natur.ll wildness. With but few exceptions the 
virgin soil vvas yet unvexed by the plow. The 
nimble deer, thoughtless of danger, lightly bounded 
over the plain, contentedly grazing upon the succu- 
lent gi-asses. He cleared 100 acres of land and made 
for himself a home, and continued to live there 

until 1832, when the desire to again become a pio- 
neer took possession of him, and he accordingly 
loaded his famil}^ and household effects into wagons 
and started on the long, tedious journey to Iowa, 
leaving Lucinda and Cornelius at the old home- 
stead, where they remained for several years, and 
later moved to Hancock County, 111. Leaving his 
well-improved farm of 160 acres and all the com- 
forts of liome, he landed in Henry County, which 
was an unbroken wilderness, and bought 605 acres 
of wild land in Marion and Canaan Townships, in 
one body. At that time there were no laid out 
roads or landmarks. The first road marked out 
was fiom the place where Hill's building now 
stands in Mt. Pleasant to Wapello. This was laid 
out with an ox-team. He was a man who lived for 
his familj',and was quiet and reserved iu his way, 
but had man}' friends and was highly respected. 
He and his good wife were both members of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, and she was taken 
from him in the year 1872. Mr. Bowers was 
called to his heavenly home in 1881, at the age of 
eighty-nine years and eleven months. He had no 
pain, and day by day saw him grow weaker, yet on 
the day of his death he ate a hearty dinner. His 
last words were: " I am not sick," but befell back 
dead in his son's arms. 

Our subject was reared on a farm, and in the oc- 
cupation of tilling the soil has continued to labor 
all his life. His earl}- education was received at the 
common school. Mr. Bowers has witnessed the 
rapid changes in this county since 1852, for since 
that time he has made his home in Marion Town- 
ship, where he has a well regulated farm of ninety- 
five acres. He was united in marriage to Miss 
Kmma Spry, born in Muskingum County. Ohio, 
Oct. 30, 1837. She is the daughter of William and 
Mary (Vernon) Sprj', who had a family of twelve 
children: Elizabeth; Lucinda, deceased; M. B. ; 
Martha, wife of Thomas Moore, residing in Florida; 
Milton J., a farmer in Kearney County, Neb.; 
Joseph W., a member uf the 25th Iowa Volunteer 
Infantry, died at Vicksburg; Sanuiel N., a farmer 
and stock-raiser in Nodaway County, Mo. ; AVilliam 
K., a farmer of this county; May, wife of William 
Steadman, a farmer of Marion Township; John E., 
in Villiska, Iowa; Charley W., a farmer in Ne- 






braska; Christin, wife of Charles Campbell, of 
Ogle Alley, Neb. The father of these children 
died ill 1881, and the mother is still living- in 
Marion Township. 

Mr. and Mrs. Bowers' family consists of four chil- 
dren: William G., born Dec. 29, 1863: Leroy C. 
born Sept 3, 1867, now attending school: Charles 
H., born Oct. 10, 1870; Black O., born Sept. 26, 
1878. Mr. and Mrs. Bowers have given their chil- 
dren good edncational advantages. They are 
members nf the Methodist Episcopal church, and 
are greatly interested in all church work. Mr. Bow- 
ers is pi>liticall3', a Republican, and is held in high 
esteem throughout the county in which he has been 
so long a resident, and no one more justly deserves 
this esteem than does he. He has taken an active 
interest in all public affairs, and is an intlueutial 

"\f]OHN SAMPLE, deceased, a pioneer of 
Heniy County, of 183'.), and one of her 
most highly respected citizens, fell a victim 
i^^T/ to cholera June 5, 1851, his wife also dying- 
two days later. Samuel D. Wood worth, a son-in- 
law of John Sample, and his two sons, all died 
within seven days of the appearance of the disease 
among them. Mv. Sample was born in Washing- 
ton County, Pa., with the birth of the Republic in 
1776, March 23, a few years prior to the issuing 
of the Declaration of Independence, and his child- 
hood and youth were spent amid the stirring- scenes 
of the great Revolution, from which has sprung 
the greatest Republic known in the history' of the 
world. His father was an English emigrant, his 
mother a native of (iermany, both worthy people. 
John .Sample was apprenticed to a millwright, 
and served his time at that useful trade. In 
pursuit of employment he afterward wended his 
way to Butler County, Ohio, about the close of 
the last century, where he was married, Jan. 20, 
1803, to Miss Ann Taylor, daughter of Henry 
Taylor. Mrs. Sanii)lo was born in Cincinnati 
A]iril 10, 1783. Her father was a [lioneer of Cin- 
cinnati, and a brother of hers was the first white 
male child burn in that city. Mr. Sample removed 
to Randolpii County, Ind., in l.sl8, wiierc he en- 

gaged in building mills. In the spring of 1839 he 
set out witii his family for the then "far west" of 
Iowa. Their mode of convej'ance was liy f>ne- 
horse team and two ox-teains, with the usual covered 
emigrant wagons. He located land in Tippecanoe 
Township, the same Land now forming a part of the 
farm of his son-in-law, William Davis. Mr. and 
Mrs. Sample were blessed with a nuiuci-oas family, 
consisting of eleven children, seven of whom grew 
to maturity. Mar}' was born Jan. I, 1804, and 
was the wife of S. D. Wood worth; she died in Jan- 
uary, 1845. Jane H. was born May 14, 1812: she 
married Arthur Bull, Nov. 12, 1829, and died 
Sept. 26, 1831. William was born June 14, 1814; 
he married Amanda T. (loddard, and died of 
cholera June 9, 1851. Robert was born Oct. 13, 
1816, and died Aug. 12, 1839; John was born Sept. 
26, 1818, and died in September, 1842; Eliza A. 
was born Feb. 25, 1821. 

Mr. Sample was a consistent member of the 
Presbyterian Church, and his wife was an earnest 
Methodist. He was a Whig in politics and his 
sons walked politicallj' in his footsteps. While liv- 
ing in Randolph County, Ind., he was chosen one 
of the three judges who constituted the courts of 
that county, and served with honor and abilitj- in 
that capacity. He was a man of jiositive views 
and of great force of character, upright and honor- 
able in all his intercourse with his fellowmen, and 
he enjoyed in a marked degree the respect and 
esteem of all who knew him. He was a master me- 
ch.anic and delighted in the exercise of his skill. 
His course westward was marked bj- mills of his 
erecting, and up to the time of his sudden death he 
was desirous of building another mill. His daugh- 
ter, Eliza A., the wife of Mr. AVilliam Davis, is the 
only surviving member of that once large family. 

eLARA J. SWAN, M. 1)., homeopathic i)liy- 
sician. Ml. Pleasant, Iowa, was born in St. 
Paul, Minn. Her parents, Andrew and Mar- 
garet Swan, were natives of Sweden, who emi- 
grated to America in their j'outh. They were hon- 
est and industrious, and died leaving Clara an 
orphan when she was but eight j'cars old. She came 

»► ■-# 






to Iowa in 1873, and lived near Oakland Mills, 
Henry Count}', where she received her primary 
education in the public schools. In 18.S2 she came 
to Mt. Pleasant and entered Prof. Howe's Academy 
and Training Sclionl, where she took a two-years 
course of general stud\\ She began reading medi- 
cine with Dr. J. H. Drake in 1883, and in October, 
1884, entered the Iowa State University as a medi- 
cal student, taking a general course of study in 
medicine and surgerj-, and graduating in the class 
of 1887. Immediately after receiving her diploma, 
she opened an office at Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, where 
at present she is the only lady physician in actual 

Dr. Swan is a young lady of superior ability, 
and is a thorough medical student and cool rea- 
soner. Her misfortune in childhood of being left 
an orphan has taught her that self-reliance and pa- 
tience necessarj' to win an honorable place in tlie 
profession of her choice. She realizes that she has 
much to contend with from the competition of the 
many able ph3-sicians in the city, and from the 
common prejudice .against emplo3'ing female physi- 
cians, especially one so young. But time remedies 
many things and rights many wrongs. The most 
eminent in the profession have been guilty of the 
heinous crime of once having been young, and the 
world is fast learning that men must not, nor can- 
not, monopolize the learned professions. That she 
may win that high rank among practitioners that is 
the result of steadfast determination and earnest 
effort, is certainly the desire of all who know her, 
and who admire the courage that triumphs over 
every obstacle. 

5^^ ANDERS BROS. The firm of Sanders Bros. 
(Eddy E. and John E.) is well known in 
Waj'land and vicinity, they having for four 
years done business in the village, and 
their trade is becoming yearly more prosperous. 
The brothers are both heads of families and entitled 
to consideration aside from their business relation- 
ship. Both were born in Erie County, N. Y., sons 
of Emmons H. and L. J. (Eddy) Sanders. The 
father was a native of New York, and was a man 

full of promise when his death occurred. His 
youngest son was then unborn, and after his birth 
the mother, accompanied bj' her children, came to 
this State in 18.57, and until her second marriage 
their home was made with her parents, her father, 
Ezekiel Eddy, being an early and well-known 
citizen in this part of the country. The Eddy 
family located in Iowa in 1853 on a farm. Their 
cliildren are ten in ntunbcr — Wilbur, Alvin, Israel, 
Lutheria J. (mother of our subjects,) .Jenette, Diana, 
Zilplia, Mary, Martha and Ruby. The i)arents 
remained in this neighborhood until 1807, then 
removed to Oregon, where the wife died. Ezekiel 
Eddy yet resides in Benton, tliat State, and has 
reached his eighty-fifth year. While living near 
Brighton, Mrs. Lutheria Sanders wedded Christian 
Schafer, a gentleman of large acquaintance and 
wealth. He was born in Germany, near Witteni- 
berg, and for more than a quarter of a century 
was a resident of this part of Iowa, altliough not of 
this county. He was three times married, the first 
wife having three children — Mar}', Caroline and 
Elizabeth. His second wife was Mrs. Kinser, who 
bore to her first husband one son, .lohn Kinser. 
After the marriage to Mrs. Sanders the union was 
graced by the births of Eva M., George C. and 
Fredericka, the latter the wife of Dr. A. E. Moore, 
a resident physician of Wayland. With Mrs. 
Schafer the Doctor and his wife make their home 
since the death of Mr. Schafer and the marriage of 
his daughter to the Doctor. 

Our subjects were reared upon a farm, received 
a practical business education during tlieir boy- 
hood, and in 1883 both came to Wayland, and 
purchased the stock of goods formerly owned by 
B. F. Morris. The senior member of the firm 
wedded Miss Samantha McClintick, of this county. 
They are the parents of one daughter, Anewa, now 
in her third year. Elizabeth Pfeiffer became the 
wife of John E. Sanders. They have been the 
parents of eight children — Emmons, Pidward ; John, 
deceased; Fred, deceased; Gussie, Julia, Myra and 
Grover C, the latter also deceased. John E. San- 
ders is route agent for transportation of the United 
States mail between Wayland and Mt. Pleasant, 
making tri-weekly trips. 

Sanders Bros, carry a $4,000 stock of general 






merchandise, and do an annual retail trade of 
$7,(100 or over. We are pleased to give the young- 
men credit for their enterprise, and a place in this 
history of the best of families of Henry County. 

J JOSEPH L. STEADMAN, a fanner and stoek- 
I raiser of section 24, Marion Township, was 
' born in Bainbridge, Ross Co., Ohio, Dec. 
' 25, 1846, and is a son of G. AV. and Eliza- 
beth (Long) Steadman. (See O. W.'s 
sketch on another page of this work.) He attended 
school in his native town until 1861, when he en- 
tered the army, enlisting in Company G, 60th Ojiio 
Volunteer Infantry. Tlie regiment was captured at 
Harper's Ferry. Va., but Joseph was taken sick 
with typhoid fever at Wincliester, and subsequently 
captured and held prisoner for about two months. 
His mother having gone to the bedside of her sick 
boy, remained with him until he was exchanged and 
sent home. As soon as sutliciently recovered, he 
was sent to Chicago, where he was paid off and dis- 
charged in November, 1 862. Returning home, he 
remained there until January, 1863, wiien he re-en- 
listed, in the 4th Independent Battalion of Ohio 
Volunteer Cavalr3' for six months, but remained 
nine in that command. The battalion was assigned 
to tiie Army of the Tennessee, and participated in 
a number of minor engagements, but was generallj- 
engaged in scouting and foraging. After he was 
disciiarged from this regiment, he again enlisted, in 
the 13tii Oliio Cavalry, and was in the seven-days 
liattle of the Wilderness, also at Ilatciies Run, Wel- 
don Railroad and Five Points. On the .list of 
March, 1 86"), Mr. Steadman was wounded in tlie 
rigiit arm above the elbow, and was again taken 
prisoner. Having a good knowledge of Anderson- 
ville, he determined to risk his chances at escape, 
and did get awa}', but was shot at twice and missed. 
Not having had his wound dressed for some hours, 
the pain was so intense that it almost crazed him, 
l)ut he was limilly cared for, nndscut to City Point, 
Va., au'i from there (o Washington,!). C. He was 
in Ford's Tiieater the memorable night when our 
beloved President Lincoln was assassinated. This 
caused such an excitement and jam, that in trying 

to escape from the building he was hurt and had to 
be sent home on the general order of furloughs for 
all disabled soldiers. He remained at home until 
July, 1865, when he went to Cincinnati, and there 
received his discharge. 

In the spring of 1866 Mr. Steadman went to 
Tennessee, Arkansas, and the Indian Territory, but 
returned home and was united in marriage, March 
20, 1867, with Miss Caroline M. Mathews. She was 
born in Lipidelmutt, Prussia, Aug. 25, 1848, and is 
a daughter of Henry and Caroline L. M.athews, 
both deceased. Jlr. and Mrs. Steadman are the par- 
ents of nine children, four of whom died in infancj'; 
the living are Launi L., George H., Joseph A., Ed- 
ward W. and Lillie Lena. After their marriage 
they moved to Henry County, Iowa, where thej- 
lived for six ye,ars on a farm. In 1872 they emi- 
grated to Elbert Countj', Col., where Mr. Steadman 
took up a soldier's claim of 160 acres, and lived on 
it for three years. In 1875 he sold his farm and 
engaged in the hotel business in South Park for 
about one year. Taking his family by team, he 
went to Walla Walla, Wash. Ter., being on the way 
sixty d.ays. From there he went to Spokane Falls, 
w^hcre he bought a piece of land, but also ran a 
hotel in that place about two years. He was also 
eng.aged in the transportation business with a drove 
of thirty animals. His route was from the evolu- 
tion on South Fork of Canir d'Alene River, to 
Eagle City, on the North Fork of the Cu'iir d'Alene 
River, in Id.aho, then in 1885-86 feighted from 
Granite to Aspen, Col. He ran a freight team across 
the Continental Divide for two years. In June, 
1887, Mr. Steadman returned to Henry County, 
after an absence of nearl}' fifteen j-ears, and took 
charge of his father's farm of 160 acres, where he is 
at present employed. Folitically, he is a Repub- 
lican, and takes great interest in public affairs. 

ARTIN F. BURKET has been a dealer in 
stoves, tinware and kindrod articles in Mt. 
Pleasant for twenty-one years. He was 
born in Huntingdon County, Pa., Doc. 9, 
18211, and is a son of John and Lydia (Funck) 
Burket, both natives of Pennsylvania, and on botli 






sides of German extraction. Our sul)ject, when 
eight years of age, was taken by his parents to Blair 
County, Pa., and seven years later, when he was 
fifteen, to Center County, same State. In these 
places his boyhood days were passed, living in the 
latter county until he was twenty-one. He learned 
the tinsmith's trade, and when about twenty-two 
3'ears of age embarked in business on his own 
account at Warrior's Mark, Huntingdon Countj', 
where lie remained for over two j-ears, then selling 
out to come west. 

In the spring of ISoa Mr. Burket came to Iowa, 
locating at West Point, Lee County, in which place 
he successfully carried on the trade until 1866, 
when he came to Mt. Pleasant, and here he again 
engaged in the business of a stove and tinware 
dealer, beside doing all kinds of jobbing in his line. 
For four years, from 1876 to 1880, he had as a 
partner Oliver Griffith, but in the latter year the 
firm sold out, and Mr. Burket worked as a journey- 
man until 1887, in the spring of which 3'ear he 
recommenced business, and now carries a full stock, 
besides being well prepared to do all kinds of work 
in his line. He is a good mechanic, and Las always 
borne the reputation of an upright business man. 

Mr. Burket was married in Center County, Pa., 
Nov. 11, 18.52, to Miss Nanc}' Glenn, daughter of 
.John Glenn. She was born in Center County. 
Three children were born to them, of whom one, a 
daughter, Ina S., died when nineteen years old. 
Wilbur F. is married and lives at Lyons, Kan., and 
John G. is single and a resident of Page County, 

Mr. and Mrs. Burket are members of the Method- 
ist Episcopal Church. In polities he is a supporter 
of the Republican party, and socially is a member 
of Mystic Lodge No. 55, I. O. O. F., and is per- 
sonally held in esteem by his neighbors and fellow- 

\f) AMES F. MILLER, farmer and stock-raiser, 
resides upon section 11, Jackson Township, 
and as one of the typical farmers of the 
township, we are pleased to present a sketch 
of his familj' history. In his township, and iu the 

county as well, he bears an enviable reputation as 
a gentleman .and citizen. He was born in Scott 
County, 111., March 21, 1833, and is the son of 
Alfred and Nancy (New) Miller. Alfred Miller 
was born iu North Carolina and his wife in Tennes- 
see. They were married in Illinois and all their 
children were born in that State. Alfred died in 
1853, and his widow afterward married John B. 
Abbey, who was a resident of this county, and one 
of the first settlers in Baltimore Township. Upon 
the land that he entered in 1840 his widow now re- 
sides. He took the claim, made some improve- 
ments, and entered the lands at the first land sale 
held in Burlington. By her second marriage Mrs. 
Miller had no heirs, but to her first husband she 
bore Lucinda, now deceased, who was the wife of 
James Six ; Francis M., who became the husband 
of Marj- Steelman ; James F., who married ]\Iatilda 
Kirkpatriek in 1853; Lorenzo J., husband of Mi- 
nerva Blaney ; Adam, married to Margaret, a sister 
of Matilda, wife of our subject; Nancy, deceased, 
became the wife of Addison McGavick; William 
wedded Caroline Welsh, while Alfred remains a 

In 1852 our subject came to Iowa and first 
located in Lee County. While there the acquaint- 
ance was first formed with Miss Matilda Kirkpat- 
riek, and her parents removing to this county in 
1853, the wedding was celebrated in Henry Count}', 
where they have since resided. Her paients, Will- 
iam and Mary (Pratt) Kirkpatriek, were among the 
very first settlers of Clark's Point, Lee Co., Iowa, 
locating there in 1 834, and entering over a half 
section of land. They came from Sangamon 
Count}-, 111., where they were married. Miss Kirk 
patriek a native of Ohio, horn July 2, 1835, 
leaving that State when a girl ten years of age. 
William Kirkpatriek was a soldier during the Black 
Hawk War, after which he was married, and during 
his residence iu Illinois engaged in farming. They 
were the parents of ten children, all born in Iowa, 
except the two eldest, Jane and Charles. Jane, who 
lives in Missouri, was twice wedded, first to John 
Thompson, then to Grnndville Arnold, both now 
deceased; Charles married Sarah Stephenson, and 
resides near Lowell, in this county. In Iowa were 
born Matilda, wife of our subject; Lucinda, wife of 



of Tl 




William Tull; Martha, who became the wife 
of Thomas Diits; Margaret, the wife of A. 
Miller, a brother of our subject; Emma, weddeci to 
Marion Daggs; Sarah, who became the wife of 
Josepli Masters; William, who is the husband of 
Libbie Rank; and Joseph, wedded to Ella Marsh. 
All are now living. 

The first land owned by Mi'. Miller was his 
present farm. lie began domestic and agricult- 
ural life in this county on a rented farm in Balti- 
more Township, and succeeded so well that in a few 
years he had a farm of his own. All the nice 
improvements of this farm have been made since 
18G6,and they are of that substantial character 
which betokens thrift and energy. He has always 
enjoyed the confidence of his fellowmen, and 
although a Democrat from his first vote, has been 
repeatedly elected to positions of trust in his town- 
ship, serving as Trustee times. Assessor 
three years, and having another year yet to serve. 
At the last election he was made a candidate with- 
out his knowledge, and was elected without oppo- 
sition. This of itself stamps him as a correct official 
and public-spirited man. 

Mr. and Mrs. Miller have seven children. Those 
living are: Charles F., who is wedded to Mary 
.Stacker, living in Jackson Township; AVilliam, hus- 
band of Emma Brazill, now living in Nebraska; 
Flora, wife of A. D. Brazill, also living in Nebraska; 
Clara and Linnie, living with their p.arents, and 
their birthplace in the roomy old mansion has been 
to them a hai)py home. Those deceased .are: 
Josephine, who was the wife of Robert Francey, 
and left a daughter, Stella; and Clement, who died 
in infancy. All the children were born in this 
county, and are in every sense identified witii its 
interests. We are pleased to thus mention this 
family and assign them a place .among those who 
with them have grown gray and wealthy, since the 
improvement of Henry County was begun in the 
days of " .auld lang sine." Both Mr. and Mrs. Miller 
are members of the Protestant Methodist Church, 
anil at different dates he has been Superintendent 
of the Sabbath-scliool and an officer of the church. 
Both were members of the first church organization 
of that society in this section of the country, about 
18G8, in the Greenwood school-house. Rev. .loini 

Mason being the pastor. Among the first members 
were also William Myers, William Walters and 
wife, Adam Miller and wife, John Francey and 
wife, and others. Of these AVilliam Myers was the 
first Class-Leader, and our subject the first Steward. 
The society is still in a prosperous condition and 
regular services are held. By such families as 
those mentioned are the schools, churches, morals 
and wealth of a community built up, and to none 
is the good repute of Henrj' County more due 
than to Mr. Miller and family. 

-^ ^-^ ^ 

^?^EORGEW. TRIMBLE, Superintendent of 
ill (=n the Mt. Pleasant Water Companj', and a 
^^^ resident of Mt. Plea.sant since 1855, was 
born in Westmoreland County, Pa., April 7, 1821, 
and is a son of John and Mary (Carnahan) Trim- 
ble. His father was a native of Ireland, .and came 
to America with his parents in infancy. His 
mother was born in Pennsylvania, of Scotch par- 
ents. The early life of George was spent on a farm, 
and in his youth he learned the carpenter's trade, 
at which he worked for some years. On the 3d of 
December, 1853, in Westmoreland County, Pa., 
he was united in marriage to Miss Elizabeth Fre^', 
a daughter of Hon. Jacob Frey. Her parents were 
Germans, and her father a prominent man of 
that region. Five children were born unto Mr. 
and Mrs. Trimble, one in the East, and the re- 
mainder in Mt. Pleasant: John W. is a druggist's 
clerk in Chicago; IMary died at the age of thirteen 
years; Charles is in British Columbia; Emma J. is 
the wife of l'hilli|)s Fluke, a dairyman of Mt. 
Pleasant; Estella M. lives with her father at Mt. 
Pleasant. Mrs. Ti'imble died at Mt. Pleasant, in 
August, 1883. 

In 1855 Mr. Trimble decided on coming West, 
and in June of that year landed at Burlington, Iowa, 
where he remained a short time, and in August fol- 
lowing came to Mt. Pleasant, where he since 
continued to reside, eng.aged principall}' in wurking 
at his ti'ade of contracting and building. On the 
1st day of Januarj-, 1.S8G, he became coniiecled 
with the water company, George B. Inman it Bro., 
of New York, and has since been Superintendent. 



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For inauy years he was politically a Kcpiiblican, 
but since the Greeley campaign of 1«72 he has 
afliliated with the Democratic partj^ Fraternally 
he is a member of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, his membership being with Mystic L<.idge 
No. 55, at Mt. Pleasant. Mr. Trimble has not been 
an office-seeker, but for some years was a menilx-r 
of the City Council. In the third of a century that 
he has been a resident of Mt. Pleasant, he has made 
many warm friends, and enjoys the respect and con- 
fidence of the entire community. Many of the best 
buildings in the city were constructed under his 

■^llAMES HARVEY DAY, residing on section 
I 35, Marion Township, was born in New 
1 London, Iowa, Jan. 19, 1855. His father, 
^^ Ransom Day, is a native of Logan County, 
Ohio, and his mother, Rachel (Cox) Day, is a native 
of Canada. They emigrated to Henry County 
about 1848, settling in New London, where he was 
engaged in carpenter vvork, which trade he had 
learned when a young man and still follows. When 
James was but an infant his parents removed to the 
city of Des Moines, where thej- resided for two 
years, then going to Augusta, Des Moines County, 
they made that place their home until 18C9, w'hen 
they removed to Marshall. 

When a lad of fourteen years James Day went 
to Mt. Pleasant, where he was employed in a brick- 
yard as one of the burners, working in that yard 
until 1874, and at last had charge of a kiln. Going 
to Fairfield, he worked in that city during the sum- 
mer of 1874 as foreman of a brickyard. Return- 
ing to Mt. Pleasant, he was again engaged in the 
old brickyard, working until 1878, when he wont 
to Wilber, Neb., where he worked at his trade for 
a short time, but soon returned to Bit. I'leasant. 
In 1879 Mr. Day decided to go to Topeka, Kan., 
and in that city worked one winter at the carpenter 
trade, and the next spring began track work on the 
Santa Fe Railroad. He was then employed by the 
railroad company as bridge carpenter, continuing 
in their employ for nearly two years, and then 
returned again to Mt. Pleasant. He engaged to work 
<■ ^-, 

with the St. Louis, Keokuk & Northern Railroad, 
but only remained with them for two months. 
Going to Ketcham's, a place four miles west of Mt. 
Pleasant, he engaged as Superintendent of the 
brickyard, being in this eraploj' for a year, during 
which time he went to Missouri and made a kiln of 
brick. Returning to Mt. Pleasant, he again took 
charge of the old brickyard, manufacturing brick 
for the asylum. He made two and a half millions 
of brick in three years. In the sprijig of 1887 
Mr. Da}' purchased seventeen acres of laud and a 
neat cottage on section 35 of Marion Township, 
and also the brickyard formerly operated by Daniel 
Stephens. Upon this farm he moved, and con- 
tinues to carry on brick-making. This first year 
he has manufactured four hundred thousand bricks. 
He intends making stock brick for fronts and fine 
walls, and will also take contracts for supplying 
customers with all kinds of brick. Mr. Day is a 
thorough workman, and understands his profession 
perfectly, and of the young, enterprising business 
men none rank higher than our subject. 

Mr. D.ay was united in marriage, in 1873, with 
Miss Elizabeth Edw.ards, who is a native of Henry 
County, and a daughter of Hiram Edwards. Nine 
children have graced the union of this worthy 
couple: Morris R, ; Eddie, deceased; William, Mat- 
tie ; Belle, who died in infancy; Leander, Bessie, 
Bertha and Richard. Mr. Day holds the political 
views of the Republican party, while socially he is 
a member of the I. O. O. F. 

Within the pages of this volume will be found a 
fine engraving of the brickyard spoken of .above 
and belonging to Mr. Day. 

0-"^ APT. WILLIAM DRAPER was born in 
, Rupert County, \t., and was married, Oct. 
_' 10, 1806, to Miss Mary Richmond. Mr. 
Draper was one of the brave men who fought so 
gallantlj' to free the Colonies from the British yoke 
of oppression, and served during the Revolution- 
ary War, first as Second Lieutenant, then as First 
Lieutenant, and later as Captain, beloved and 
esteemed b}' the men under him and admired and 
respected by his superior oflicers. Mr. and Mrs. 








Draper were the parents of seven children, five 
sons and two daughters: Charles L., AUanson B., 
Leonard L., Prudence, Susanna, John L. and 
Samuel W., all of whom are now dead with the 
exception of Mrs. Campbell. Mr. and Mrs. Draper 
emigrated to Dearborn County, Ind., in the year 
1819, and the following year removed to Ripley 
County, the same State. Mr. Draper was called 
from earth to his heavenly home Sept. 5, 1827, 
and his beloved wife survived him many years, 
dying Feb. 25, 1878, at the advanced age of eighty- 
seven. Mr. and Mrs. Draper were members of the 
Baptist Church. They were highlj' esteemed by 
all who knew them, always ready to help those in 
need, and were truly Christian workers in the 
church and elsewhere, and when the final summons 
came they were ready to enter into the joys pre- 
pared for the just by their Heavenly Father. 

eHARI.ES B. RUKGABER, Clerk of the Dis- 
trict Court of Henry County, was born in 
Wurtemlierg, Germany, May 14, 183 1, and is 
a son of Joseph and Mary (Baur) Rukgaber. He 
was reared and educated in his native country-, and 
in 1857 emigrated from Germany to America in 
company with his mcitlier and sister, his father 
having died July C, 1845. The latter was in his 
youth a door and sash and caliinet-maker, but after 
his marriage liecaine a faiiner. He was a Town 
Councilor of Felldorf, in Wurtemberg, a position 
of trust and responsiliility. Ho was a man of in- 
tegrity, a good husband and father. He was born 
in 1800, and was therefore forty- five years old 
at the time of his death, which was caused by 
the fall of a tree he was felling, by which he re- 
ceived injuries from which he never recovered, 
dying in less than a year afterward. His wife was 
al>o a native of Wurtemlierg, liorn in 1798. Since 
her emigration to America she has made her home 
mainly with her son Charles B., with wliom she 
is now living, in exceptiunally good health, al- 
though in her ninetieth year. One brother, John, 
had preceded tiie others to this country. He lived 
first in Richmond, \:i., and in 1857 removed to 
Washington, D. C, and the following year came 


to Mt. Pleasant, where he has since resided. 
Another brother, David, of whom see sketch, came 
to America in 1858; Christian emigrated in 1869, 
and is also a resident of Mt. Pleasant. The sis- 
ter was named Rosa. In 1859 she l)ecame the wife 
of Charles Williams, and died in that citj- in 1876, 
leaving a sou Charles, now living in Kansas. Mr. 
Williams also died in Mt. Pleasant. 

On coming to America Charles B. made his home 
first in Washington, D. C, where he resided one 
year, and in 1858 remos^ed to Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, 
in company with his brother David, arriving in 
this city August 16. Here he engaged in the boot 
and shoe business until the breaking out of the war 
of the Reliellion, when on the 18th of August, 
1861, he enlisted as a private in Companj' C, 4th 
Iowa Cavahy, He was promoted Orderly Ser- 
geant, and re-eulistcd as a veteran Dec. 12, 1863, 
and served four years, or to the close of the war, 
being mustered out with his regiment at Atlanta, 
Ga., Aug. 10, 1865. His regiment was attached to 
Grant's army during the siege of Vicksburg, and 
during his term of service did some hard work. 
The following is a list of the prinei[ial battles and 
engagements in which Mr. Rulvgalier participated: 
White River, Helena, Brown's Ford, and Red 
River, in Arkansas; at Fourteen-Mile Creek, 
Raymond, Mechanicsburg, first and second Missis- 
sippi Springs, first and second battles of Jackson, 
siege of Vicksburg, at Canton, Brandon, Browns- 
ville, Meridian and Cohhvater, all in Mississipjii; ;it 
Memphis, Tenn.; at Guntown, Ripley and Tupelo 
(Old Town Creek), Miss. He mustered out 
in August, 1865, after four years of hard cani- 
pnigning, in which he won the reputation of a 
brave and gallant soldier. 

On his return from the army Mr. Rukgaber 
engaged as clerk for J. B. Shaw, iiardn-are merchant 
of Mt. Pleasant, continuing in that capacity from 
1866 to 1872, when he bought an interest in the 
business, the lirni being Shaw & Rukgaber. This 
connection continued till the death of Jlr. Shaw in 
1875, when Horace Clark bought the interest of 
the Shaw heirs, and the new firm became Rukgaber 
& Clark. Four years later Mr. Clark went out, and 
J. S. IMcGregor and Edward Baines bought in, 
forming the firm of Rukgaber, McGregor & Baines, 






243 a 

which conuection continued till Mr. Rukg.aber's 
election in the fall of 1886 to the oflice he now 
hokls, when he sold out to give his entire time to 
his official duties, which he performs in the most 
thorough and satisfactory manner. 

ISIr. Rukgaber was united in marriage at Mt. 
Pleasant, April 11, 1861, to Miss Joanna Mueller, 
daughter of Victor and Amelia (Fehrcnbach) 
Mueller. Mrs. Rukgaber was born in Baden, Ger- 
many, in 1*843, and came to America with her par- 
ents in 1845, and to Henry County, Iowa, in 18.')5. 
Her parents landed in New Orleans, where they 
lived for nine years, and in 1854 entered some 
land in County, Mo., on which they lived 
for a, when they came to Mt. Pleasant. In 
1859 Mr. Mueller and a brother, like thousands of 
others, crossed the plains to Pike's Peak in search 
of gold. Disliking the country, he went to Cali- 
fornia, where he was joined by his wife the follow- 
ing year. In 1867 he returned to Mt. Pleasant, 
and soon after went to their Missouri farm, where 
both died, the husband in 1878, and the wife in 
1876. Mr. Mueller served his time in the army in 
Germany, and was by trade a carpenter. He was an 
industrious man, and in his labors in the mines con- 
tracted rheumatism, from which effects he died. 
An upright, honorable man, he was held in esteem 
by his neighbors. 

Mr. and Mrs. Rukgaber are the parents of five 
children, four of whom are living, all born in Mt. 
Pleasant. Louisa, born Oct. 25, 1866; Emily, 
born March 27, 1868, died Sept. 13, 1887; Mina, 
born Nov. 23, 1869; Carrie, born June 16, 
1871; and Victor, born March 11, 1873. The 
daughter Emily, who died, was a beautiful and 
highly accomplished j'oung lady, possessing rare 
musical talents, and had been the organist of St. 
Michael's Elpiscopal Church for a long time. She 
was a great favorite in society, and her untimely 
death was a sad blow to her family and numerous 
friends. The members of the church of which she 
was an ornament, and in which she was universally 
beloved, decided to erect a testimonial to her mem- 
ory, which has t.aken the form of a beautiful 
stained glass window. 

Mr. Rukgaber has borne an active part in local 
public affairs. He has served one year as Secretary 

of the Henry County Agricultural Society, and 
six years as a member of the Mt. Pleasant Board 
of Education. He is a member of Mt. Pleasant 
Lodge No. 8, A. F. & A. M. ; Henry Lodge No. 
10, I. O. O. F., and of McFarland Post No. 20, G. 
A. R., of which he is one of the charter members, 
and has been Junior Vice Commander. In politics 
he is a Republican, and has been active in all party 
affairs. Religiously he is a member of the Episco- 
pal Church, his wife and children being also mem- 
bers of the same society. He is an honorable gen- 
tleman, courteous in his intercourse with the public, 
and capable and attentive in the discharge of the 
duties of his office, and is justly held in high esteem 
for his upright and manly character. 

-€^^ « 



AVID RUKGABER, of Mt. Pleasant, a 
son of Joseph and Mary (Baur) Rukgaber, 
was born in Wurtemberg, Germany, Dec. 
30, 1830, and is one of a family of five chil- 
The family history is given under the name 
of Charles B. Rukgaber. Joseph Rukgaber de- 
parted this life in 1845, in Germany, and in 1857 
Mrs. Rukgaber emigrated to America, locating in 
Mt. Pleasant, at which place she still resides. The 
family are members of the Catholic Church. 

David Rukgaber is a well-educated man, having 
received a liberal education while in Germany. At 
the age of twenty he enlisted in the German army, 
serving for six years. After being discharged he 
immediately came to America in 1858, and located 
at Mt. Pleasant, and in 1859 he led to the mar- 
riage altar Miss Magdalene Rupreeht, who was also 
a native of Germany, born in Ilohenzollern in 
1830. He farmed until 1861, when at the break- 
ing out of the Rebellion, Mr. Rukgaber enlisted in 
the 4th Iowa Cavalry, and was mustered into serv- 
ice at Mt. Pleasant. The regiment then went to 
St. Louis, where they were armed and equipped, 
remaining there three weeks. It then proceeded 
to Springfield, Mo., was in the raid after Price, and 
was in several skirmishes and fought in the engage- 
ments at Guntown, Tupelo, Holly Springs, and other 
places. The regiment was afterward made a part 
of Grant's army, and was at the siege of Vicksburg. 






Mr. Rukgaber served four years, but was mustered 
out at Memphis, before the remainder of his regi- 
ment, on account of losing his sight. He was a 
brave soldier, always at his post, never shirliing his 
duty though danger threatened on every side. 
The Government has awarded him a pension of $30 
per month for the injuries he sustained. He is a 
member of the McFarland Post No. 20, G. A. R., 
taking an active interest in all work pertaining to 
the order. 

Mr. and Mrs. Rukgaber have the respect and 
good-will of all. The}' have a family of five chil- 
dren: Mary, now the wife of Lewis Scheunenian, a 
resident of Mt. Pleasant; Amelia, Bertha, Otto A. 
and Willie. The parents are members of the Cath- 
olic Church. In politics he is a Republican. 


"if/OHN T. NORTH, residing on sections 26 
and 27, Scott Township, Henry Co., Iowa, 
is descended from good old Revolutionary 
stock. He was born in Holmes County, 
Ohio, and is the son of Samuel and Elizabeth 
(Stallings) North, both of whom were natives of 
Maryland, though the father was of German parent- 
age. They emigrated to Ohio in about 1831 and 
there developed a farm in the timber. In 1841 
they emigrated to Henry County, and settled near 
New London. There were six children in the 
family, the two eldest, Christian, now the wife of 
Peter Oni, a carpenter of New London, and Susan, 
wife of AVilliam Wilson, residing in Harrison 
County, Mo., were born in Maryland. While 
residing in Ohio three other children were born : 
Matilda .1., wife of J. D. Bj'ers, of New London 
Township, died in 1872; John T., our subject, and 
Martha, wife of Charles B. Weller, residing near 
Kent, Adams Co., Iowa. Etnma B., the j'oungest 
child, was born in Henry Count}', married John 
Wriglit, and <lied at Powhattan, Ohio, in 1 875. The 
father resided on his farm in this county until the 
time of his death, which occurred July 27, 1847, 
when fort^'-seveu years of age. He was an earnest, 
sincere Cl)ristian, a member of the Mctlu)dist 
Episcopal Church. He owned at the time of his 
death 140 acres of laud, which was a part of the 

original claim. The mother was born in 1804, and 
now resides with her daughter near Kent, Adams 
Co., Iowa. She is an active worker in the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church, and took great interest in 
the pioneer organizations of the county, and was a 
member of the first church organized in New Lon- 
don Township. Her father was a soldier in the 
war of the Revolution. 

Our subject was reared on a farm in New Lon- 
don Township, receiving his education at the 
district schools. Being the only son, lie was 
obliged to help his father ujjon the farm, and after 
his death had the whole control of it. He formed 
the sole support of his mother and two single 
sisters, but when tlie war broke out he left home 
and enlisted in Company E of the 1st Iowa Cavalry, 
June 22, 1861, as a private. He was mustered out 
March 16, 1865, as (Quartermaster Sergeant. He 
participated in the following battles : Meradozine, 
Mo. ; Lone Jack, Fayetteville, Mo. ; Jenkins Ferry, 
Prairie Grove, Bj'merta and Little Rock, Ark. 
He was on the scout for fort}' da^s, during which 
time he participated in numerous engagements. In 
the Camden campaign, under Steele, the_y fought a 
hard battle at Saline River, and were under fire for 
ten days in a running fight with Gen. Price. 

After returning homo Mr. North resumed his 
occupation of farming on the old homestead, iiaviug 
bought the shares of the other heirs in the same, 
continuing this until March, 1882. He was united 
in marriage, April 11, 1867, with Maria L. Smith, 
a native of Pennsylvania, and a daughter of ^ohu 
and Ruth (Whitlatch) Smith, the former a native 
of Maryland, of Englisii parentage, and the latter 
a native of Pennsylvania, though of Scotch descent. 
The father departed this life in I'ennsj'lvania in 
1860, at the age of seventy -eight years. He was a 
blacksmith by trade, and served as Colonel in the 
State Militia of Pennsj'lvania. He was a member 
of the Presb3terian Church, and a prominent man 
in the neighborhood where he resided. His wife 
died in June, 1881. She was also a luembor of the 
Presbyterian Church. 

Mr. and Mrs. North arc the iiarents of four 
children — Charles S., James H., Frank K. and 
Mabel, all still inmates of the paternal home. 

In November, 1882, Mr. North sold his farm in 




New London Township, purchasing 160 acres of 
land on sections 26 and 27 of Scott Township, 
where he still resides. This farm is one of the best 
in the county, and a glance is sufficient to show 
that thrift and enterprise are characteristics of its 
owner. An elegant residence has Ijeen erected, at 
a cost of ^4,000, and the bam is valued at $600. 
Mr. North is a practical fanner, and one of Henry 
County's best citizens. He is numbered among the 
pioneers of the count)', and is respected alike by 
old and young, rich and poor. He is a stalwart 
llepublican, and has held various township offices. 





li-^ ON- I-EROY GRH-'FIN PALMER, a proni- 
'r^^yi inent attorney of Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, was 
i^\Jy born in Christian County, Ky., Nov. 3, 
l(^ 1821. His parents were Lewis G. and Ann 
H. (Tutt) Palmer. His father was born in Spott- 
sylvania County, Ya., in .June, 1781, and was the 
son of Isaac Palmer, who was a prominent Fed- 
eralist and a soldier of the Revolution. Judge 
Palmer's mother was born in Culpeper, Va., and emi- 
grated to Kentucky with her father in 1805, or 
about the same time that the Palmers settled in 
that State. 

Our subject accompanied his father to Madison 
County, 111., in the spring of 1831. He received a 
common-school education, and not having collegi- 
ate advantages he entered upon a course of self- 
instruction and qualified himself for the vocation 
of a teacher and taught several terms of school. 
While thus emph)j'ed at Carlinville, 111., he en- 
gaged in the study of law, under the direction of 
his brother, John M., then an eminent attorney of 
Macoupin Countj", and since Governor of Illinois. 
He was admitted to the bar at Hillsboro, Mont- 
gomery C!o., 111., in 1846, and formed a law 
partnership with his brother, John M., under the 
firm name of J. M. & L. G. Palmer. That connec- 
tion continued but a short time, on account of our 
subject's enlistment in the volunteer service for the 
Mexican War, wliich occurred May 26, 1846, at 
Springfield, 111., where he became a member of 
Company B, 4th Illinois Volunteer Infantry. He 
was assigned to the Quartermaster's depart nient. 

and served in Mexico until April 27, 1847, when 
he was discharged at Ft. Polk, Point Isabel, for 
physical disability. His condition was such at the 
time of his removal from the fort to the transport 
tliat he was not conscious of being carried on ship- 
board. He returned to Illinois in May following, 
where he recruited his health, and in November, 
1 847, came to Iowa and opened a law office at Mt. 
Pleasant. He has pursued the practice of his pro- 
fession at that place continuously since, and has 
been called to fill various public positions of honor 
and trust. He has served two terms in the City 
Council of Mt. Pleasant, and was a member of the 
State Senate from 1861 to 1864, and served one 
term, from 1862 to 1864, as County Judge of 
Henry County. 

Judge Palmer was married at Mt. Pleasant, Aug. 
7, 1850, to Miss Orphia Bowen, a daughter of Isaac 
Bowen, a worthy pioneei- of Henry County. Mrs. 
Palmer was born in Pickaway County, Ohio, and 
came to Henry County, Iowa, with her parents in 
childhood. Five children were born of their union, 
four sons and a daughter: Lero)' A. was born at 
j\It. Pleasant in August, 1857, and was educated in 
the common schools of the city and at Howe's 
Academj' in same city, under the care of its founder, 
the late Samuel Howe, and studied law with his 
father, and in an office at Keokuk, Iowa, and was 
admitted to the bar at Mt. Pleasant in 1878. He 
married Miss Lucy McCarty, and is now in Govern- 
ment employ in the Patent Office at Wasliington, 
D. C. Charles F. was born at Mt. Pleasant in 
June, 1853, and is now engaged in mining with his 
uncle. Senator Bowen, at Summitville, Col.; Horace 
LaMont was born at Mt. Pleasant in April, 1857, 
and is a musician of marked talent and sufjerior 
culture; Jessie L. was born at Mt. Pleasant in May, 
1864, and is the wife of Dr. D. D. Robinson, a 
druggist of Burlington, Iowa; George L. is em- 
ployed in the United States Mail Service, with head- 
quarters at Burlington. 

Judge Palmer is a Democrat, but opposed his 
party and voted for Abraham Lincoln Ijoth in 
1860 and 1864. As a Democrat, he is earnest and 
pronounced in his views, especially in his hostility 
to the States meddling with the rights of the indi- 
vidual citizen, and has borne a more or less prom- 





y ' rem 

inent part in political affairs. The Democrac}' al- 
ways in the minority in both county and State, his 
personal popularity lias induced his party to place 
him in nomination for various offices a greater 
number of times than almost anj' other man in the 
State. At every election in which he was a candi- 
date he succeeded in polling a vote many times 
over his party strength. In 1874 he was the Demo- 
cratic nominee for Congress against Hon. George 
W. McCray, and succeeded in cutting the Repub- 
lican majority down from about 5,000 to 1,500. 
He has been the most determined and persistent 
opposer of the building of railroads by means of a 
public tax, and of every scheme of the Government 
engaging in business in any way. 

Judge Palmer has alwaj's been of studious habits, 
and is well versed in his profession, as well as in his- 
tory and general practical information. He is gifted 
as a conversationalist, and is a companionable man, 
whose superior attainments command respect and 

— *> #"#- ^ 

OBIi;RT T. CANFIELD,a prominent farmer 
of Jackson Township, was born in Randolph 
County, Va., in 1826, and is the son of 
[^ Titus and Phcebe Canfield, who died when 
our subject was a mere lad. They were the parents 
of seven children — Elizabeth, Johnson, Sarah, Mary, 
Nancy, Robert T. and Ketuiah. All were left or- 
phans while yet children, and as the parents were 
poor they became scattered and their later history 
is not fully known. Some went West, part liecame 
residents of Kansas and some of Wisconsin. 

Our subject when five years of age was taken by 
his father to Ohio, and in that State the father died, 
leaving his boy to the care of George Harmon, with 
whom he remained until he was sixteen years of 
age, when he began life's battle for himself. Leaving 
Seneca Count}', Robert went to Clarke County and 
later toJlianii County, Ohio, then in 1849 to Jef- 
ferson County, Ind. in the year 1853 he was 
united in marriage with Miss Mirey Swager. Mr. 
Canfield was at that time in the employ of the Madi- 
son & Indianapolis Railroad Company. Jn 1866 
the death of his wife occurred and the next year he 
removed to Iowa, locating in Henry Count}'. His 

four children came with him, namelj' : Elma, now 
the wife of Archie Ross; Clinton, also married; 
James and Ida, the latter now deceased. 

After a residence of two j'ears in this count}', Mr. 
Canfield was again married, to IMrs. Margaret 
(Maupin) Chancy, the widow of Andrew J. Cha- 
ncy, a well-known resident of this county, who with 
his good wife settled here in 1849, coming from 
Jefferson County, Tenn. Mr. and Mrs. Chaney 
were the parents of eight children, all now dead ex- 
cept Flora B., wife of Fred Huxley, and Edward, 
yet unmarried. The deceased are: William, Sarah 
E., Mary Jane, Ellis C, Leonard F. and Carrie. 
Mr. Chaney resided upon a farm near Lowell, 
and after his death his widow purchased the farm 
upon which she and her present husband reside. 
The father of l\Ir. Chaney owned a large plantation 
in Tennessee, and also owned a number of slaves, 
but prior to his death liberated them, thus show- 
ing his sentiments regarding the rights of man. 
After a few years, Mr. and Mrs. Chaney decided 
to move to Texas, but after trying the country, 
they removed back to Henry County, and for }ears 
were identified with her business growth and 

In 18G7 the death of her husband occurred, and 
her man-iage to Mr. Canfield was celebrated in 
March, 1869. In a cosy farmhouse the couple 
live, beloved by their neighbors, and in the enjoj'- 
ment of a ripe old age both Mr. and Mrs. Caufleld 
find themselves blessed by such .associations as their 
position in life entitles them to. Both are worthy 
members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Mrs. Canfield was born in Blount County, Tenn., 
and reared in Jefferson County from her fifteenth 
year. Her father, Morgan G. Maupin. born 
in France and married Elizabeth Collins in Ten- 
nessee. He was a Revolutionary soldier and had a 
family by another wife prior to that war, but no 
definite history can be given of them. With the 
blood of a patriot, and his grandsire a Revolution- 
ary soldier, Edward m.ay well feel a pride that few 
have reason to boast of. The father of Andrew J. 
Chaney a native of Ireland, who came to 
America a poor man, but .accumulated a large prop- 
ert}'. For a quarter of a century he owned and 
conducted a large hotel near Morristown, Tenn., 







and owned a large plantation adjoining. He reared 
a family of fourteen children, of whom Andrew J. 
was the youugest. 

eHARLES NILSON, a farmer residing on 
section 2G, Wayne Township, Henry Co., 
Iowa, was born in Southeastern Sweden, 
near the small village of Westerwik. He is a son 
of Neils W. Swenson and Charlotte Sweuson, who 
were both born, reared and married in Sweden, and 
after a long lifetime were buried in that far-away 
land. They were parents of four children — Charles, 
Gustoph, Orfried and Anna. The second and 
third sons are still residents of Sweden, married, 
and are stonemasons in Westerwik. Anna fol- 
lowed her brother Charles to America, coming 
alone in 1882. Two years later she became the 
wife of Fred Johnson, a farmer of Wayne Town- 
ship, who was also born in Sweden, near the birth- 
place of our sulijcct. 

Charles Nilson came to this country in 1869, and 
after a few months spent in Burlington went to 
Prairie City, 111. His marriage was celebrated in 
Sweden, in April, 1869, and the bridal tour was the 
voyage made by the young coujile across the broad 
Atlantic. They brought nothing with them but 
strong arms and willing hearts. The first year 
Charles found work on the C. B. & Q. R. R. In 
the year 1870 he began farming rented land, 
and for thirteen years tilled the same soil, and 
when the couple came to Henry Count3', in 1884, 
they brought money enough that had been earned 
and saved to buy a nice little farm of eighty acres, 
and they have a beautiful home one and a half 
miles southeast of Swedesburg. On the farm in 
Illinois their children were born — Axell and Gus- 

Our subject became a naturalized citizen of the 
United States in 1878, and became a member of 
the Republican party of Illinois, and is now promi- 
nently identified with the same in Henry County, 
Iowa. At Prairie City, 111., Mr. Nilson was made 
a member of the I. 0. O. F., No. 205, in 1875. 
To this organization he still belongs, and is one of 
the only three Swedes in Wayne Township who 
belong to any secret organization. Both himself 

and his wife love American institutions and the 
laws and customs which prevail. They came to 
stay, and as they grow in j-ears and prosperity 
their sons take their rightful places in the busi- 
ness world. For them they have lived, have toiled, 
and to them they give a heritage of honor, truth 
and enterprise. 

Mrs. Nilson is a daughter of Jonas and Anna 
(Peterson) Johnson. They have nine children — 
John, Christina, Gustoph, Clara, Louisa, William, 
Charles, Mary and Augusta. In America live 
Clara, wife of our subject; William, who married 
Nellie Johnson, and lives in Illinois ; Charles, who 
married Lotta Johnson, and lives in Illinois. The 
other children, of whom John and Christina are 
living, remained in Sweden. 

C-rs^^HOMAS G. ALLENDER, deceased, was 
born near Baltimore, Md., Jan. 28, 1818, 
and moved from there with his parents to 
Ohio when but a small boy. In 1838 the family 
moved to the Territory of Iowa, which had just 
been organized, and located in Trenton Township, 
Henry County. On the 31st day of March, 1842, 
Mr. Allender was united in mari'iage with Miss 
Jane M. Allred, a native of North Carolina. By 
this marriage there were ten children: Elizabeth 
Ann, born Jan. 11, 1843, married M. L. Rice, a 
native of Pennsylvania, June 9, 1859, and died in 
July, 1870; Martha I., born Oct. 26, 1844, married 
J. C. McCoy, March 25,1866; Eliza Jane, born 
July 26,1846, died Sept. 4, 1865; AVilliam H., 
born Aug. 23, 1848, married Mary E. Downing, 
Nov. 7, 1869; she was born in Jefferson County, 
Iowa, March 5, 1849, and died Jan. 20, 1882. He 
again married, Sept. 20, 1883, Martha 0. Schloder, 
a native of Henry County, Iowa, born Aug. 2, 
1849. Benjamin R., born in November, 1850, died in 
infancy; Thomas E., born March 23, 1852, married 
Anna Coleman, Dec. 7, 1879, and now resides in 
Nebraska; John A., born March 13, 1854, married 
Martha E. Logsdon, Aug. 26, 1875, a native of Mt. 
Vernon, Knox Co., Ohio, born Dec. 10, 1855; Cor- 
nelia F., born Jan. 18, 1856, married Charles W. 
Downing, Sept. 6, 1872, and now resides in Fur- 




^^» M 4' 



nas County, Neb.; James F., born Sept. 22, 1860, 
married Margaret A. Lawrence, Oct. 24, 1882; she 
was bora Feb. 22, 1855, at Cleveland, Ohio. One 
died in infancy. 

After their marriage our subject and wife lived 
three years in Trenton Township, where Mr. Allen- 
der engaged in farming. He then moved to Tippe- 
canoe Township, lived there two years, then moved 
to Jefferson Township, where he remained five 
years, returning then to Trenton Township, in 
1852, where he resided thirty-two j'ears. Mrs. Al- 
lender died March 25, 1882, and Mr. Alleuder two 
years later moved to Mt. Pleasant, where he died 
March 23, 1886. Thej' were both members of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. For nearly forty 
years he filled official positious in church and state. 
As a School Director he was very eHicient, and 
would employ only the best teachers procurable. 
In him the cause of education alwaj's found a stead- 
fast friend, and in his death the county lost a most 
valuable citizen. 

importance of the history of Henry County 
depends largely' upon the accuracj' of the 
personal sketches <-if the men who have for 

a generation been interested in tlie development 
of her soil, her society, her schools and her 
churches. Among such men we are pleased to no- 
tice James Hammond Arnold, the second oldest 
man now living in the countj', and the oldest in 
Salem Township. His famil}' are all widely known 
and highly respected, and of each one we will 
make mention in tlieir proper place. James H. 
Arnold was born Dec. 7, 17'.)7, near Brownsville, 
Fayette Co., Pa., and is a son of James and Com- 
fort (Conwein Arnold. Tlirc^e brothers, Andrew, 
Jonathan and Jesse Arnold, emigrated from Ches- 
ter County, Pa., near Pliil:idelphia, to Ft. Red- 
stone, on the cast side of tiie Monongahela River, 
and settled within protecting distance of the fort, in 
1705. Jonath.'Ui Arnold, grandfather of our sulgect, 
wedded Rachel Scott, whose parents came from 
Scotland, in which country she was probably born, 
and he located on the cast bank of tiic river oppo- 

site the mouth of Ten-Mile Creek, and the 
others immediatel}- below. The claim of Jonathan 
consisted of over 1,000 acres, which he im- 
proved, and upon whicli he lived and died. Of 
his ciiildren there were .Jonathan. Benjamin, Levi, 
Hannah, Rachel, Sarah, William and James, tiie two 
latter being twins. James, like the others of his 
name, was a farmer. His father, and Jonathan, his 
oldest brother, also owned and operated a powder 
mill on the old homestead, and James owned a mill 
in Jefferson Countj', Ohio. He removed with iiis 
family to Jefferson (now Harrison) County, Ohio, 
in 1803, the date of her admission as a State. He 
was wedded in Pennsylvania to Comfort Connell, 
who bore in that State, James H., our subject, 
Hyatt and Narcissa L. The Arnolds were among 
the first families settling in that part of Oliio, and 
there a daughter, Matilda, was born the same year 
they made their settlement. Her birth was fol- 
lowed by those of Putnam and William C, the date 
of the birth of the latter being 1808. From the 
best knowledge of our subject, the family were of 
Quaker stock, but his mother was a member of the 
Presbj'teriau Church, and James Arnold donated a 
church site for the latter denomination, and the same 
site is still known as the "Beech Spring" meeting- 
house, and is yet occupied as church property. 
The death of James Arnold occurred in Harrison 
County, Ohio, Jan. 24, 1811, and his widow after- 
ward married George Keller, a farmer of the same 
county. To him she bore no heirs. She died in 
that neighborhood in her fifty-first year. 

Our subject is the onlj' surviving menil>er of 
the family. After the death of his father he re- 
turned to Washington Count}-, Pa., and learned 
the process of wool manufacturing. lie tiien took 
a trip down the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers, and 
then to Culm, and back to Philadelphia. This 
voj'age exhausted his cash resources, so on foot, 
with his bundle on his back, he tramped over the 
mountains 300 miles to Fayette County, Pa., where 
he rented a woolen-mill, and again accumulated 
some money. Wliile there he formed the acquaint- 
ance of Sarah, daughter of .lohu :ind Martha (Sam- 
ple) Ewan, to wiiom he \va.> married April 29, 
1821, in F.a^'ette County, I'm. She was btirn Jan. 
2 1, 17US, ill Wiii(lie,-.U'r, \:i. Thi'V remained in 






Pennsylvania till 1823, Mr. Arnold all the while 
engaged in tlie manufacture of wooleus. In that 
State the eldest daughter, Martha, was born, but 
died in infancy. He removed in the fall of 1821 
tt) Belmont County, Ohio, where ho rented anotlier 
woi.ilcn-mill, at Belmont Station, operating it for 
five years, then going to Morristown, where he 
erected a large faetor}^ and for years carried on 
the same. In 1842 he sold the factor}', and en- 
gaged in merchandising, and being also appointed 
Postmaster, he continued in business until their 
removal to Iowa, in 1853. The mechanical inge- 
nuity of our subject led to his invention of many 
valualile devices in the manufacture of woolens, 
and he has the honor of lieing the patentee of the 
first threshing-machine ever patented, July 8, 1830, 
the patent bearing the signature of President An- 
drew Jackson, with Martin Van Buren, Secretary of 
State. Mr. Arnold built a machine which was 
later improved by other patents, and he then de- 
cided to have nothing more to do with it. The 
children liorn in Ohio are Louisa N., now the wife of 
George Pitman, a farmer of Salem Township : Liber- 
tatia, the widow of Hon. A. J. Withrow, who was a 
former Representative of this count}' in the State 
Legislature; Columbus V., ex-Treasurer of this 
county (see sketch) ; he is now the husband of 
Addie Howard, and resides in Mt. Pleasant. Boli- 
var W. and Cleopatra died in childhood ; Pizzaro 
C, the hardware merchant of Salem, wedded 
Phosl)e Childs; Galileo died in childhood ; Xeno- 
phon H., with whom our subject resides, wedded 
first Mary Ilaskett, and after her death Miss Emma 
V. Armstrong, of Fayette County, Pa. In April, 
1853, James H. Arnold purchased the farm which 
is jet his home, and without any experience as a 
farmer decided to reside in the country. After 
his sons became old enough to work it, they as- 
sumed its management, and each child married and 
removed to other localities, except X. H., familiarly 
known as Zen, who became manager in full. The 
death of the wife and mother occurred in 1 ^74, at the 
age of seventy-six years. She was a loving wife 
and tender mother, and the aged couple for many 
years braved the vicissitudes and privations t)f 
toil, lint in their ripe old age were blessed with 
abuudanec, and their children have each made an 


enviable record in both the financial and social 
world. Our suliject is to-day hale and hearty. 
He can still use his rifle, and often from the tree- 
top falls the nimble squirrel at the crack of his gun. 
Although living for so many years on the farm, he 
has never plowed a furrow, but has plenty to spare, 
and spends his declining years in ease and comfort. 
For more than a quarter of a eentuiy he has kept a 
weather diary, and the temperature is taken by 
him at sunrise and at 2 P. M., also the direction of 
the wind. It is noted in the jtlainest script, and 
gives exact information regarding the above points 
for every day covering the period mentioned. Not 
only is he one of the oldest, but one of the most 
respected, citizens of the township, and a host of 
friends wish for him many more years of life and 

—>-i-4- — o^*^(f!)))).iss-o S»-5<s-- 

ESSE B. ALLEN is a farmer .and resides on 
section 4, .Tefferson Township, Henry Co., 
Iowa. He was born in 1837, and was nine 
j^ears of age when his parents came to Henry 
County, which has been his home ever since, ex- 
cepting two years spent in California with his 
brother John. Reared and educated upon a farm 
he chose that avocation, and in it has gained the 
success which comes to those of industrious habits. 
In 1867 Miss Rachel, daughter of Jonathan and 
Julia (Gardiner) Anderson, of this county, became 
his wife. Her family came to Henry County in 
1865, from Licking County, Ohio, in which State 
Mr. and Mrs. Anderson were married. Julia Gardi- 
ner was a native of Maryland, and Jonathan Ander- 
son of Virginia. There were nine children born to 
this worthy couple: Daniel, who wedded Eliza J. 
Palmer, resides in Smith County, Kan. ; Catharine 
wedded Edward Crosby, a farmer of Page County, 
Iowa; Nancy married David Davies; Maria be- 
came the wife of Sterling Davis, of Smith County, 
Kan. ; Jennie married Calvin Oglesby, of Osborne 
County, Kan. ; James, deceased ; Rachel, wife of 
our subject; Ellen, widow of Sebastin Roush, of 
Page County; Mr. Roush died in this township, 
where he was well known. William became the 
husband of Mariab Harlan; they reside in Page 
County. The parents of these children removed to 





that county in 1879, and three years later the wife 
and mother died. Jonathan Anderson, now an 
aged gentleman of eight3'-three 3'ears, finds a com- 
fortable home with his children, all of whom are in 
easy circumstances, the sons being farmers and the 
daughters wives of farmere. Two children have 
blessed the union of Jesse and Rachel Allen — the 
first, Wade J., })orn March 29, 1869, and the second 
died in infancy'. 

In 1865 Mr. Allen purclinsed his jH-esent farm 
near the village of Wayland, which furnishes excel- 
lent school facilities, markets and church privileges. 
The family are, like those of their name and kin- 
dred, honored in society, esteemed b}' their neigh- 
bors, and prominent factors in the township in 
which they reside. 

K. LEEDHAM,of Leedham A- Baugh, deal- 
ers in lumber, lath, shingles, and manufact- 
urers of sash, doors, blinds, moldings, etc., 
Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, established the latter 
business liere in 1872. The firm employ about four- 
teen hands in tlie factory, situated at the terminus 
of Lincoln, on Henry street. JSIr. Leedham was 
born in Washington County', Ohio, Dec. 24, 1830, 
and is the son of John and Sarah (Kensington) 
Leedham. His parents were born in England and 
came to America in 1818, settling at Marietta, Ohio, 
and were among the earliest settlers in that region. 
They came to Iowa in 1814, and settled in New 
London Township, Henry Count}-, where John 
Leedham engaged in farming until his death, 
wliicli occurred in JIarcli, 1865. His wife also died 
in the same montli, but four years later. John 
Leedham was an upright man of unbleuiished char- 
acter, who was considered by those wlio knew him 
to be one of the best men of the locality in which 
he resided. In England both husband and wife 
were members of the Established C Inirciu but after 
coming to this country- adhered to Ihe liiiversalist 

The sulijccl of this sketch, K. K. Leedham, was 
reared on a farm, but learned the cariienter's tra<le, 
at which he worked three years, lie was also em- 
ployed at a s:uvmill aliout tiu'ec years, and after- 

ward ag.ain went to farming. In 1872 he com- 
menced the manufacture of sash, doors and blinds, 
in company with Mr. L. G. Baugh (see sketch), 
which connection has now continued for fifteen 
years. Mr. Leedham was married, July 12, 1853, 
to Elizabeth Clark, daughter of Jacob Clark, wlio 
Wiis an old settler of Van Buren County, low.i. 
Mrs. Leedham was born in Pennsylvania, and died 
childless in April, 1861. Mr. Leedham was mar- 
ried again, Feb. 16, 1862, inUes Moines County, 
Iowa, to Mrs. P^mma Wrigiit, widow of John 
Wright, and daughter of Aimer Lewis. This lady also born in Pennsylvania. Three children 
were born of this union: Perr}' A., born Dec. 16, 
1864, who has been reading medicine, and is now 
studying in Iowa Cit}' with a view to ado|)ting the 
profession of a physician; Ida M., born Feb. 3, 
1869, died June 16, 1871, .and Earle M., born May 
29, 1880, died Sept. 24, 1882. 

Mr. Leedham is independent in politics, believ- 
ing that good government is more likely to be ob- 
tained through electing good men to ollice than bj' 
a close adherence to party lines. He is a broad- 
gauged, whole-souled style of a man, to whom, to 
use a Western phrase, it " is safe to tie to." As a 
business man and a citizen, he is justlv held in 
esteem, and for his manly qualities and his integrity 
of character, he enjoys the confidence of tlie entire 

<jl7 EWIS a. BAUGH, of the firm of Leedham 
il (© '^' Baugh, manufacturers of and dealers in 
j''—^. sash, doors, blinds, etc., Mt. Pleas.ant, Iowa, 
was born in Loudoun County, Va., .Jan. 0, 1827, 
and is a son of Lewis K. and Eliza A. (Boedle) 
Baugh. His father also a native of Loudoun 
Count}', \'a., born Nov. 19, 1795. He a mdl- 
wright by trade, and came to Iowa in 1855, and 
died in Lee County, Sept. 10, 1 862. His mother was 
liorn in Alexandria, Va., Jan. 31, 1797, and died 
in Clarke County, Ohio, March 5, 1885. Our sub- 
ject learned the trade of millwright with his father, 
who had learned it of his f.ather, the grandfatlier of 
Lewis G., who <lied at the good old .age of ninety 
3-ears. Ou the 21st daj- of June, 1853, Lewis G. 





251 n! 

Baugh was united in marriage, in Miami County, 
Ohio, Willi Miss Jane Darst, a native of that county, 
horn Soi)t. 13, 1.S30, and daughter of Ucv. .luiui 
Darst, a Dunkavd preacher (if prominence in liis 
State. Her people were among the early settlers of 
Dayton, Ohio. She has a twin sister, the e.xact 
counterpart of herself, living in Christian County, 
III., the widow of .loseph Ilackenberg. Iler 
parents had seven children in all, and her muLlier 
died when she and her twin sister were but three 
weeks old, and the infants were brought up by an 
aunt, with whom they lived until they were aliout 
six years old, when, their father having married 
again, they returned to his home. At the age of 
ten Mrs. Baugh was taken by another relative, with 
whom she lived until she was about sixteen, when 
an elder brother assumed the care of her and her 
twin sister, and had them educated. With him she 
lived until her marriage with Mr. Baugh. Besides 
her sister, she has two brothers now living: Samuel, 
a carpenter, living near Springfield, Ohio, and 
Henry H., a practicing ph^'sician at Toledo, 'Ohio. 
She has also two half brothers and two sisters living. 
Mr. and Mrs. Baugh have had five children, only 
one of whom is now living. Two of their daugh- 
ters, who had grown to womanhood, together with 
a son twelve years of age, were victims of diph- 
theria, and all died within a period of tvventy-six 
daj's. The only remaining daughter when just 
entering upon womanhood was drowned. Flora 
was born Aug. G, 1«54, and died July f>, 1874; 
Julia was born Nov. 7, 1859, died Aug. 4, 1874; 
John L., born Aug. 12, 1862, died July 9, 1874; 
Edith S., born April 19, 1868, was drowned Nov. 
7, 1884, in the distressing accident which happened 
on Tracy's Pond, in Mt. Pleasant, when she lost her 
life, as did Prof. Wolfe, of the High .School; Miss 
Carpenter, of Cedar Falls, Iowa, a teacher, and a 
classmate, ^Hss EllaTeter, by the sinking of a boat. 
The only survivor of tlie family is Charles Henr}-, 
who was born in Mt. Pleasant, July 21, 1871, and 
is now attending school in Mt. Pleasant, and cm- 
ploys his leisure time in his father's mill, having 
given evidence of superior skill, which his father is 
giving him every oi)p(jrtuiiity to develop. Some 
of his handiwork would be creditable to older iiic- 
ehanics, and indicates a decided genius in that line. 

Mr. Baugh came to Iowa in November, 1857, 
and to Mt. Pleasant in May, 1858. lie worked at 
his trade till ls72,wlicu he formed the existing 
partnership willi II. K. I.ceclham (see sketch) in the 
manufacture of sash, doors and blinds. The firm 
of l.ecdham ife Baugh have a large establishincnt 
and are doing a fine business. Mr. Baugh is a man 
of more than ordinary skill in his business, and 
attends closely to the interior work of the mill, and 
the marked excellence of the articles manufactured 
by the firm is largely due to his careful oversight. 
For thirty years he has been a resident of Mt. 
Pleasant, and in that time has done his share in 
building up the city (jf his adoption. He is a good 
business man and an excellent citizen. Politically 
he is a Republican, and sociallj' a member of the 
I. O. O. F., holding membership with Henry Lodge 
No. 10, of Mt. Pleasant, joining that body in Ohio 
when he was tvventy-one years old. 

When the partnership of Leedham & Baugh was 
formed, May 9, 1X72, nearly sixteen years ago, 
preparations were at once begun to erect the mill, 
and that season the main building was finished. It 
is three stories high and is 45x60 feet in dimensions. 
The following year they added a building 20x28, 
two stories in height, principally used for stor.age 
of manufactured goods. These buildings being 
not yet large enough to accommodate their rapidly 
growing business, the next year they added another 
22x44, and two stories high ; a drying-house, 1 8x50, 
two stories, was the next, and a couple of years 
later another building was put u|), size 30x50, like- 
wise two stories high. These, with stables and 
sheds, give them ample facilities for their large 
trade, which still keeps growing. Power is fur- 
nished l)y a sixty horse-power engine. When the 
firm first began they employed six men, but now 
have fourteen hands at work, who, with the greatly 
improved machinery invented and put into the mill 
of late years, turn out more than four times the 
amount of work formerly done. In round figures, 
their product the first year was worth ^8,000. 
Last year it footed up |i40,000, showing a decidedly 
healthy growth. The\- now handle between eighty 
and 100 carloads of lumber each year, and have 
a steady demand for all they can turn out. Their 


- ► ■— 







trade is mostly lucal, but they sliip goods to other 
States, to Nebraska, Missouri, etc. They have also 
a special trade on walnut house brackets, which 
they send all over the country. 

The steady growth of the business of this firm 
is due to the reputation tliey have earned of always 
turning out honest work, fully up to and generally 
a little better than it is represented to l)e. The 
trade fully appreciate this, and consequently the 
firm is never at a loss for customers, as one once 
made is secured for good. The result is that while 
other factories of the kind susjiend a part of each 
year, these works are never shut down except for 
necessary repairs. 

^^EORGE C. TRAXIjER, residing on section 
III (-— , 20, Marion Township, is by birth a Pennsyl- 
^^ijj vaniau, having been born in Cumberland 
County of that State, Oct. 31, 1842. His parents, 
Jacob and Elizabeth (Cramer) Traxler, were also 
natives of Pennsylvania, though of German de- 
scent. The father and mother of Jacob Traxler 
came to America at a very early day and settled in 
Pennsylvania, where Jacob was born. Jacob and 
Elizabeth Traxler were the parents of nine children : 
Catherine A., wife of Levi Flickinger, now resides 
in Story County, Iowa; John, a farmer and brick- 
maker of Seward County, Kan., wedded Rebecca 
Yount; Jacob, whose first wife was Eliza J. Humes, 
who died Aug. 5, 1867, leaving three children, was 
ag.ain married, to Mrs. Elizabeth Gould, and is a 
resident of Trenton Townsliij), llenrj- County ; Mary, 
deceased wife of .John PJack, of Trenton Township; 
Elizabeth, the deceased wife of Ellas Black: Frances 
R., the deceased wife of J. W. Moore, of Marion 
Township; George, tlie subject of this sketch, is 
next in order of birth; Joscpli, a farmer of Appa- 
noose County, Iowa, and (irazel, who died at the 
age of nine. John Traxler emigrated to Iowa in 
IS").*?, and his fatiiei' Jacob, with the rest of the 
family, came in 1S,54. The father l)ought eighty- 
four acres of land in Marion Township, on which he 
lived until his death, wliich occurred April 24, 
1871. He was born Oct. 28, 1807, ami iiad been 
bliml for ;i iiunilicr of years l)efore his death, hav- 

ing lost his sight while blasting. His wife died 
Oct. 9, 1872. They were both members of the 
Lutheran Church, and were regular and faithful 
attendants of the same. 

George Traxler obtained his education in liie 
common schools of the township, but at an early 
age he left to learn the trade of brick-making, which 
business he followed until 1885. On the 15tli of 
October, 1865, he was united in marriage with Miss 
Emma L. Harper, of Franklin Count}', Ohio. Jlrs. 
Traxler is a daughter of Elisha and Ana (Davis) 
Harper, and was born Jan. 29, 1845. Mr. and Mrs. 
Harper were natives of Pennsylvania, but of Ger- 
man and Irish descent. To them were born six 
children: David, a farmer of Marion Township; 
Eliza A., wife of Samuel Jay, of Dallas, Col. ; Will- 
iam J., a farmer of Page County, Iowa; Mrs. Trax- 
ler; Margaret, wife of David Kenworthy, of Mt. 
Pleasant, and Eli. a farmer of Trenton Township. 
Mr. Harper died Nov. 18, 1855, and his wife was 
again united in marriage, with Reuben Mannings, 
now deceased. Mrs. Mannings is now residing in 
Trenton Township. 

Mr. and Mrs. Traxler are the happy parents of 
two children: Levi A., born Dec. 20, 1866, and 
Annetta, born Oct. 11, 18G8. In March, 1886, 
Levi started a store of general merchandise on the 
Washington road. Mr. Traxler and his good wife 
are highly respected by all who know them. He 
was reared a Democrat, luit cast his first vote with 
the Independent part}'. He owns a nice farm of 
fifty -six acres, on which he has good and substantial 
farm buildings. 


UILLIAM R. CREW, farmer As stated in 
the sketch of Hon. M. L. Crew, all the 
W^ children of Walter :ind Sarah (Rice) Crew 
were born in Hanover County, ^'a. William was 
born in December, 1826. and was in company witli 
his piuents and their entire family when the}' came 
to tills Slate. I'rior to that event he was engaged 
in the milling business, and soon after his marriage 
began business for himself, and from 1854 to 1857 
w;is in the mercantile business with his brother-in- 
law, Alfred Sluylcr. In Sidem. 




253 ' ■ I 


The marriage of William R. Crew and Miss Caro- 
line Richey was celebrated in February, 18G2. 
Eight children blessed their union, viz: Cordelia 
A., now wife of D. S. Swan, a merchant of 
Cheyenne, AVyo. ; Leroy B., husband of Ella 
Matthews, and a resident farmer of this township; 
Eva E. is the wife of William B. Donaldson, formerly 
a druggist of Salem, now doing business in the 
West; Edwin G. became the husband of Lucy 
Bales, and is farming in this township; Luella H. 
married John H. Boj'ce, a farmer of Salem Town- 
ship; Alfred S. is with his brother-in-law Swan in 
Cheyenne, and Fannie F. is lier father's liouse- 
keeper. One, Carrie, died in infanc_v. After a few 
years spent in mercantile business, Mr. Crew re- 
moved to the Crew homestead, and later purchas- 
ing the farm now his property, removed ti> it in 
1866. His wife died Aug. 3, 1867, and on March 
24, 1870, the man-iage of Mr. Crew and Mary E. 
Smith wascelebr.ated. Her parents were James and 
Mary (Brown) Smith, who were residents of 
Waynesville, Ohio. The death of her mother 
occurred when Mary was five years of age, and after 
her father died she came to Iowa in company with 
several of her brothers and sisters, who intended mak- 
ing a home in the West. The children were named 
respectively: Orestes R., who wedded Elizabeth 
Hartle, and died in Salem in 1883; Asher B., who 
removed to Ohio, and Rachel, wife of Samuel 
Siveter; the two latter were twins. Mary H,wife 
of our subject, and Charles G., a resident of Dakota. 
The wife of Mr. Crew was during a part of her 
residence in Iowa, a teacher, having received a good 
education at the Friends' School in Richmond, Ind. 
She was thirty-five years of age when she be- 
came the wife of Mr. Crew, and bore him two 
children — Leonard F. and AVilliam R., twins. The 
death of the latter occurred in infancy. Assuming 
the cares of a mother to all the children born to 
Mr. Crew's first wife, she enacted a noble part, and 
no mother could have been more truly loved. Be- 
tween her own son and his half brothers and sisters no 
favoritism was shown, and to each and all she was a 
true mother in every sense of the word. Each vied 
with the other in promoting her pleasure, and wlieu 
her spirit took its flight, each and all felt most 
keenly the loss of one who in every deed and word 

acted only fiir their welfare. The remains of Mrs. 
Mary E. Crew were laid forest Dec. 7, 1883, in the 
Salem Churchj-ard, the funeral services being con- 
ducted by her pastor. Rev. L. T. Rowley, the min- 
ister of the Congregation.ll Church in Salem, to 
which Mr. and Mrs. Crew both belonged. Wher- 
ever she went, as hei- husband expresses it, "sun- 
shine followed," and much of his good fortune 
came from her care and after she became the head 
of his household. AD the children are married 
and aw.ay from the parental home except Fannie 
and Leonard. They are surrounded b}' every- 
thing that can make home pleasant, and the farm 
is a model one in this township. 

To Mr. Crew have come sorrows hard to bear, 
but he is yet in his prime, with large experience, 
possessed of wealth, character and honor. P^ive 
terms he has served upon the Board of Supervisors, 
is a member of tiie School Board, and for fifteen 
years was Superintendent of the Congregational 
S.abbath-school, at Salem. He is a large breeder of 
stock, and owns more than a half section of land in 
one body. Both as a man .and citizen he commands 
the respect of all who know him. 

''wv. -^«iii2i2/©-^^< 

»^,5!/Zrzrs»v. "w/*- 

ENRY BROWN, one of the pioneer settlers 
of Henry County, residing on section 3, 
Center Townsliip, was born in F.ayette 
ji County, Ohio, Nov. 3, 1819, and is a sou of 
John and Mary (Tate) Brown. They were natives 
of Frederick County, Va., emigrating to Fayette 
County in an early day. Thej' were the parents of 
five sons and six daughters, seven of whom .are still 
living: Sydney, of Appanoose County, Iowa; Lu- 
cinda, of this county; Manley, of Washington 
County, Iowa; Jackson, now a resident of S.alem 
County, Mo.; Ellen, wife of John Tendergrass, of 
W.ashington County, Iowa; William, of Council 
Bluffs, Iowa. In 1847 Mr. and Mrs. Brown came 
to Iowa, remaining here until their death, the father 
dying in Washington County, and the mother in Des 
Moines. In politics he was a Jackson Democrat. 
They were people highl}' respected in the commun 
ity where they resided. 

The subject of this sketch in his boyhood diiys 





remainecl on a farm in Fayette County, Ohio, and 
like so many other lioys of that time, attended the 
log school-house with its punchon lloors, slab seats, 
greased paper windows and immense fireplace. In 
1841 Mr. Brown led to the marriage altar Miss 
Barbara A. Helphrey, a native of Ohio, born in 
Licking County in 1823. Mr. and Mrs. Brown 
have had a faniilj* of six children, five of whom are 
now living: Alice, wife of Cyrus Bush, of Washing- 
ton County, Iowa; George, still an inmate of the 
parental iiome; Rosa, also at home; Florence, wife 
of David Durst, of Washington County, Iowa, and 
Parrott, of Mt. Pleasant. In 1846 Mr. Brown 
emigrated to Iowa, making the journey with teams, 
settling near Burlington for about two years, but 
subsequently removing to Henry County. He re- 
mained in this county for twenty-two years, then 
removed to AVashington County, Iowa, which place 
he made his home for fourteen j-ears. In the 
spring of 1882 he returned to Henrj' County, pur- 
chasing a f.arm, as before stated, in Center Town- 
shij), and here he still resides. 

In early life our subject exerted his influence 
for and voted witli the Democratic party until the 
breaking out of the war, since which time he has 
always voted with the Republican party. Mr. 
I'rown came to this county a poor man, but with a 
willing- heart and a strong arm, he patiently labored 
until he is now one of the well-to-do farmers of 
Henry County. His farm, consisting of 120 acres, 
situated a mile and a half from Mt. Pleasant, is one 
of the best cultivated in this part of the State. 
The beloved wife was called from her happy home 
on earth to the better one above, March 13, 1881. 
Mr. Brown is one of the early settlers of the county, 
is alvvays ready to aid in any public enterprises for 
the public good, and is universally esteemed. 

haps no man in Salem Township is more 
widely known, or is considered more of a 
peculiar character, than tlie gentleman named above. 
He was l)orii in Leeds County, Canada, Dec. 20, 
1809, and is a son of Jeremiah and Experience 
(Fuller) Sheldon. They were natives of Pittsford, 

Conn., and emigrated to Canada several 3-ears be- 
fore the birth of our subject. For many j-ears be- 
fore his marriage, and as long as he remained in 
Connecticut, Jeremiah Sheldon was a Lieutenant in 
the regular army. The eldest son, Horace, was 
born before the family removed to Canada, where 
the father purchased a farm, upon which Rilej% Rus- 
tin W., Amelia, Richard, Fr.ancis D., Jane, Alexan- 
der and Experience, were born. 

The parents both died on this farm, their children 
being grown and well educated prior to that time. 
Our subject fell from a tree when seventeen years 
of age, and broke both his wrists, which practically 
disabled him for farm work, but his father being in 
somewhat straightened circumstances, the son de- 
termined to shift for himself. He attended school 
for three years, and paid both for board and tuition, 
and when twenty-one years old began teaching, 
which he continued for three years. Not liking 
that profession, in 1823 he began clerking in astore, 
and in 1826 was married to Sarah, a daughter of 
Sheldon and Olive Stoddard, the former a member 
of the firm of Hartwell & Stoddard, in whose em- 
ploy he had been. 

Francis Sheldon had economized and saved 
money enough to purchase a farm at Rideau Lake, 
near Beverly, and the domestic life of the 3'oung 
couple was begun on this farm. The father of Mrs. 
Sheldon was, in his day, a very wealthy man, who 
owned extensive mills, and shipped large quantities 
of lumber to Quebec; and was also engaged in the 
mercantile trade. Later, they removed to Porter 
County, Ind., where they both died. One daughter, 
Olive, now deceased, graced the union of our sub- 
ject and wife before they became residents of the 
United States. Their removal was made to I'orter 
County, Ind., about 1836, and the next year they 
went to Cass County, Mich., where Mr. Sheldon 
purchased a farm. In Porter County, Ind., a son, 
Franklin, was born, who wedded Mary Vaughn, and 
at the time of his death, Dec. 19,1883, was the 
editor of the McPherson (Kan.) F)-ee Thinker. 
Olivia, the second d.aughter, now deceased, was born 
in Michigan. She became the wife of William M. 
Carter, of Lee County, Iowa. 

Mr. Sheldon had erected a new lionse on his farm 
in Cass County, Mich., and after it was cleaned and 

•^ ^ m ^» 






ready to move into, the cabin caught fire and 
burned to the ground with all its contents. This 
was a severe loss to the 3'oung couple, as it swept 
awaj' all their earnings; so they returned to Indiana, 
where the death of Mrs. Sheldon occurred the next 
year, Dec. 9, 1841. While a resident of Canada, 
our subject embraced the doctrine of the Friends, 
and for a term of years was a prominent member 
of that societj'. After the division in that body re- 
garding slaverj% ]\Ir. Sheldon still remained in the 
church, though in sentiment he was an Abolitionist. 
He labored faithfully in the society even after his 
removal from Michigan, and after the death of his 
wife, returned to Cass County, Mich., and taught a 
monthly meeting school. The next year he re- 
turned to Canada, and while there was married to 
Miss Charlotte Booth. She was a daughter of Isaac 
and Thursey (Wing) Booth, whom, as is well authen- 
ticated, bore in their veins royal blood. Her father 
was born iu Orange County, and her mother in 
Dutchess County, N. Y., but their parents were 
natives of England. Mr. and Mrs. Booth settled 
on a farm in Canada, and there their children grew 
to maturity. Charles, the eldest son, was a well- 
known surveyor, and also taught school, as did Mrs. 
Sheldon before her marri.ige. Her mother bore fif- 
teen children, nine reaching maturity — Anna, Eliza- 
beth, Caroline, May, Rebecca, Charlotte, Charles, 
James and Daniel. Mrs. Sheldon is the only one 
living, and was born July 9, 1822. 

After their marriage, Mr. and Mrs. Sheldon lived 
for three j'ears in Cass County, Mich., and in 1845 
came to Lee County, Iowa, where he purchased a 
farm. For many years after his coming to Iowa, 
Mr. Sheldon labored earnestly in the Society oi 
Friends, but after careful consideration of the sub- 
ject, aided by a liberal and intelligent studj' of 
moral and Divine law, he and his w'ife (who was 
born in that faith) asked for a discontinuance of 
their membership. Having fully investigated the 
subject, both have allied themselves with the great 
body of materialists, and with all their former zeal 
are now laboring for the welfare of their fellow- 
men. In 1878 they became residents of Salem, 
where they have a neat cottage on a nice little farm 
inside of the corporation. Six daughters and three 
sous have graced their union : Sarah, the wife of 

Charles Brown, a farmer of Henry Count}'; Thursey 
wedded to Hiram H. Root, a farmer in Colorado; B. was a soldier during the late war, belong- 
ing to an Iowa regiment, and was wounded at the 
battle of Atlanta, but recovered, and is now a resi- 
dent of Mesa County, Col., and is a bachelor; Re- 
becca is the widow of James South, and resides in 
Lee County, Iowa; Experience is the wife of Elihu 
Bond, and resides in Dawson County, Neb.; Rachel 
is the wife of Lemuel Kenley, a resident of the 
same county ; Charles W. married Minnie Stamper, 
and resides in this township; Olive is the wife of 
William JI. Steward, a farmer of Henry County; 
Franklin Sheldon, the other son, was also a soldier 
in the late war, serving three years, apart of which 
time he was connected with the hospital staff. 

Mr. Sheldon and his wife, by reason of their long 
residence in the State, and their unswerving up- 
rightness of character here, are entitled to and have 
the respect and esteem of the people who know 

ll^ EV. STEPHEN MILLER, a farmer residing 
iUif on section 24, Jefferson Township, Henry 
Co., Iowa, was born in Holmes County, 
JJ^Ohio, in 1844, and is the son of Tobias 
and Barbara (Yoder) Miller. The father of Tobias, 
Daniel Miller, a native of Somerset County, 
Pa., and married Miss Troyer, and moved to Ohio 
in 1817, thus becoming one of the first settlers of 
Holmes County. They were the parents of Tobias, 
born in 1801, Benjamin, Moses, Joseph, Susannab 
and Aaron. Their father was for many years a 
Deacon in the Mennonite Church, and died in his 
eighty-tirst year. His sect>nd wife was Mrs. Mag- 
dalena (Miller) Troyer. After the marriage of 
Tobias Miller to Barbara Yoder, he began domestic 
life on a farm, upon which he remained during his 
lifetime. His wife died in 1849, and he married 
Mrs. Annie (Hostettler) Yoder. To the first wife 
was born: Moses, who married Lizzie Yoder; 
Elizabeth, wife of Samuel Hostettler; Daniel died 
unmarried; Christian wedded Elizabeth Mast; 
Lydia died in childhood ; John wedded Catherine 
Mast, and after her death Fannie Zook; Rebecca 
became the w-ife of Daniel Stuzman: David mar- 
. «► 





ried and resides in Goshen, Ind., where he is en- 
gaged in retail boot and shoe trade ; Jacob wedded 
Lydia Wenuei-, and after her death a lady of La- 
grange County, Ind. ; then onr sul)ject: and Fannie, 
wife of Eli Wenger, of Wayne Count3', Ohio. The 
second marriage was graced by the l)irth of one 
son, Aaron, now the husband of Miss .Scholl, and a 
physician of Tuscai-awas County, Ohio. 

Our subject was married first in Ohio, Jan. 4, 
1866, to Catherine Degler. She was the mother 
of two children — Emma I., and Sarah A., deceased. 
After her death, which occurred March 9, 1809, 
Rev. Miller remained a widower until Dec. 1, 1871, 
when Miss Leah Wenger became his wife, which 
union was blessed by the births of: Frederick, 
Nettie; David, deceased; Mary; John, deceased; 
Elmer, deceased, and Samuel. In Ohio Rev. Miller 
was elected Deacon of the Mennonite Church in 
1877. The next year, with his family, he removed 
to Henry County, purchasing his present farm in 
Jefferson Township. He was elected by the Men- 
nonite congregation, of which he became a mem- 
ber, as minister, and was ordained in the spring of 
1879, and to this date has faithful!}' performed the 
trust reposed in him. He is accounted one of the 
most worth}' citizens, and no family can claim a 
higher degree of respect. During his ministry the 
church has prospered greatly, and among those who 
devote a large portion of their time to the holy 
calling of sowing the good seed, we are pleased to 
make mention of Rev. Stephen Miller. 

^^ TEPHEN THATCHER, farmer, on section 
^^^ 12, in Salem Township. For a (piailer of 
lv<^13) ■' centni'v our sul)j('ct has been engaged in, 
and identified with, the busine.-^s intei'ests 
of Henry Coiuily. lie was liorn in Rochester, 
Warren Co., Ohio, and is a son of Joseph and 
Elizabeth (Linton) Tiiatcher. The Thatcher fam- 
ily arc of English origin, and <in the Linton side 
they emigrated with AVilliam I'enn to Anu'rica. 
Elizabetii Linton was born in Bucks County, Pa., 
and her husband in Berkeley County, \'a.. The 
parents on both sides became residents of Ohio, 
the Thatchers settling in (irecne County in 1800. 



Joseph Thatcher and Elizabeth Linton were married 
in Clinton County, Ohio, and removed to Roch- 
ester, Warren County, where they owned a farm 
and also kept a tavern for a few years. All their 
children were born in Ohio, as follows : Jesse and 
Ruth, who died unmarried; Hannah was next, and 
is married to Augustus Cox, of Page County ; Will- 
iam married Sydney A. Thompson; David wedded 
Charity Cook; Hannah was next, and is married to 
Augustus Cox, of Page County; then Thomas, wh 
was married to Melinda Scott, were all born in Clin- 
ton Comity. In 'Warren County were born Stejjhen, 
our subject; John, who wedded Anna Buffington, 
and Ann, deceased. The entire family removed to 
this State in 1840, and settled near Salem. One year 
later Joseph Thatcher purchased a farm near 'West 
Point, and five years later returned to Marion 
County, Ind., near Indianapolis, remaining there, 
however, only two years, when he again came to 
Henry County and purchased a farni near Salem, 
upon which he staid a few years, and then purchased 
property in Salem, where both the parents lived 
and died. Both reached a ripe old age, Joseph be- 
ing ninety-one and his wife seventy-nine years 
old at the time of their death. 

Stephen Thatcher has always been a farmer. He 
was nlarried, Oct. 20, 1853, to Miss Ann Hadley, of 
Morgan County, Ind., where she died May 27, 
1803. She was the mother of three children: Jared 
is the husband of Emma Lamb, and is a fanner of 
Thayer County, Neb. ; Marietta became the wife of 
George Pruitt, a resident physician of Blanchard, 
Page Co., Iowa, and Albert is deceased. The second 
wife of our subject was Miss Achsah Pidgeou, a 
daugliter of Isaac and I'hcebe Pidgcon, who have 
an extensive history elsewhere. The wedding was 
celebrated March 21, 1861, and their two first 
years of married life were spent in Indiana. In 
1863 Mr. Thatcher came to this county, purchased 
his present farm, and has been a citizen of Henry 
Count}- ever since. To their union were born six 
children: Charles, a graduate of the Burlington 
Commercial College, is a resident of Yama, Col. ; 
Isaac E. is now a resident of Imperial, Chase Co., 
Neb.; Ruth I., Alice and Anna B. are yet at home, 
and Daisy is deceased. Almost a quarter of a 
century of hapj)}' married life came to our subject 






and his wife, when, beloved by all, in a home made 
joj'ous b}' the bright smiles and happy voices of 
her children, the spirit of the faithful wife and 
loving- mother passed from this earth to life eternal, 
Nov. 8, 1885. An elegant home was thus left 
without a matron, and a husband who adored her 
in life and now reveres her memory, still remains 
true to his trust, and the children, guided b.y the 
correct teaching and loving counsel of their mother, 
have lightened his sorrow as best thej- could. The 
neighborhood in which Mr. Thatcher resides is 
composed of the best families in Salem Township, 
and all unite in their praises of him as a father, a 
gentleman, and a public-spirited citizen. Born in 
the Quaker Church, to which his parents belonged, 
he still holds his allegiance with it, and j^et retains 
his membership in the first society of Friends 
organized in Henry County, Salem Township. 

♦^^s^— ^4!i^^'" "*'*^ 

J '~' AMES B. HART, a retired farmer, and a pio- 
neer of Henry County, Iowa, was born near 
Waynesburg, Greene Co., Pa., March 29, 
' 1819. His parents were John and Jane 
(Buchanan) Hart, natives of Maryland. His father 
was a farmer by occupation, and died when James 
was but three years of age. His mother was a dis- 
tant relative of President Buchanan. Her death 
occurred in 1881. The subject of this slcetcli was 
reared on a farm and there acquired industrious and 
economical habits, and when twentj'-two years of 
age emigrated to Iowa, and located at Mt. Pleas- 
ant, arriving in this place in April, 1841, where he 
spent the first 3'ear in carpenter work. He was 
mamed near Mt. Pleasant, June 11, 1843, to Miss 
Jane Smith, a native of Washington County, Pa., 
and daughter of Thomas Smith. She came to 
Henry County, Iowa, in companj' with her parents 
in 1840. One child, a daughter, Elizabeth, was 
born of their union. She married John Mehl, now 
deceased, by whom she had three children: Will- 
iam H., aged twenty-one years, was killed on the 
railroad ; Ernest is now nineteen j'ears of age, and 

Frederick, aged seventeen. Mrs. Mehl resides in 
Mt. Pleasant with her parents. 

In 1852 Mr. Hart engaged in the lumber business, 
and continued in that line of trade for several 
years. He was also in the grocery business about 
five years. In 1862 he enlisted in the volunteer 
service in the War for the Union, as a private in 
the 37th Iowa ^'^olunteer Infantry, known as the 
" Grayl)eards." This regiment was stationed at St. 
Louis, l)ut was not called into active service. He 
was promoted to Sergeant and served seven 
months. During the first years of the war he" 
acted as local sutler to a company of soldiers en- 
camped at Mt. Pleasant. 

Soon after coming to Mt. Pleasant, Mr. Hart 
purchased a farm in Marion Township, and engaged 
for a time in farming. He also erected several 
buildings in this city, which he rented, some for 
business purposes and some as dwellings. From 
time to time Mr. Hart has purchased land until he 
now is the owner of 1,400 acres, situated in Iowa 
and adjoining States. Several of his best farms lie 
in Henry County, Iowa, and are well improved. 
In early life Mr. Hart was a Whig, and on the dis- 
solution of that party, and the formation of the 
Republican part\', he associated himself with the 
latter organiz.ation, and has since voted the Repub- 
lican ticket. He united with the Congregational 
Church in 1846, and has remained a consistent 
member of that denomination to the present time. 
His wife united with the same church four years 
prior to her husband's conversion, and has since 
been a f.aithfnl and exemplary member. 

Since 1852 Mr. Hart has been a resident of the 
city of Mt. Pleasant. He has never been an aspir- 
ant for the honors or emoluments of public office, 
but has preferred to devote his undivided attention 
to busiuess pursuits, in which he has been eminently 
successful. He began life with nothing, but by in- 
dustry, frugality, and the exercise of good judg- 
ment in his business ventures, has accumulated a 
large and valuable property. During his long 
residence in Henry Count}' he has made many warm 
friends, and has won a high place in the esteem of 
his fellow-citizens, for his upright and fair conduct 
in all the affairs of life. An excellent view of his 
city residence is shown in this work. 
, m^ 







ERNHARD TRAUT, a resident of Marion 
Townsliip, living on section 21, was born in 
Eppingen, State of Baden, Germany, Feb. 
29, 1832, and is the son of George and 
Catharine (Lindner) Traut, who were also natives 
of Germany. George and Catharine Traiit were 
the parents of six children, but only three grew to 
man and womanhood: Louisa, deceased; Nancy 
died in Germany at the age of thirty ; Mina mar- 
ried Henry Klingemeier, a farmer now living in 
Wapello County, Iowa; Elizabeth, Catharine and 
one other child died in infancy. Bernhard was the 
fourth child, and when four j'earsof age his parents 
removed to Bretten, where he attended school. At 
the age of fifteen he left school to learn the trade 
of d3'eing' and printing goods of various kinds, at 
which trade he worked about three years, or until 
he was eighteen years old, at which time he made 
up his mind to leave his native country. Accord- 
ingl}', April 1, 1850, he embarked on board a 
ship and sailed for America. After a voyage of 
forty-five days he landed in New York City May 
13, where he remained for about two months, work- 
ing in a brewery at 12 a month for the first, and 13 
for the .second month. About this time a friend of 
young Traut came from Philadelphia to New York, 
and Traut concluded to go with him on his return 
to the City of Brotherly Love, which he did. After 
looking around for some time, he concluded to 
learn the cari)entcr's trade, and accordingly went 
to work with the firm of George Link & Fisher, at 
$30 per year, board and washing included. He 
worked with them two years and eight months, or 
until he was twenty-one years old. At the expira- 
tion of his time with Link & Fisher, he began tak- 
ing instructions in stair-building, receiving |il.25 
per day for the first year, boarding himself. 'I'hc 
second year he worked as journeyman, and re- 
ceived $1.75 in summer and $1.50 in winter. In 
May, 1 855, he went to Chicago and remained there 
until sometime in June, when he went to Burling- 
ton, Iowa, and from there bj' wagon to Mt. Pleas- 
ant, where he went to work at his trade for Robert 
Reed, for whom he woiked one month, when the}- 
formed a partnership, under the firm name of Reed 
& Traut. In January, 1856, he went to St. Louis 

and from there to New Orleans, where he remained 

three weeks. Taking passage on a steamer, he re- 
turned to New York, remaining there until the time 
of his marriage, which occurred July 15, 1856, to 
Miss Caroline Schneider, who was born at Ober, 
Oterbach, in the State of Bav.aria. German}', April 
7, 1832. She was the daughter of Frederick and 
Frederica (Fath) Schneider, who were both natives 
of Germany. In August, young Traut returned to 
Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, with his young bride, and built 
his first home in America. He worked at his trade, 
part of the time at St. Louis and Jefferson City, 
Mo., until 1858, when he went to work on the hos- 
pital for the insane at Mt. Pleasant, and continued 
at this work from June until December. \York 
being scarce in Mt. Pleasant, he again went to St. 
Louis, and engaged in stair-building at $2.25 per 
day, remaining three months. When his work was 
finished, his emploj'ers made him a present of §10 
as a token of their appreciation of his ability as a 
workman. While he was in St. Louis, Jlr. Traut 
received word that his father had come to New 
York, and he returned to Mt. Pleasant with the in- 
tention of going for him, but in the meantime the 
old gentleman arrived at that place, where he made 
his home with his son and daughter. He died at 
the age of eighty-one years and three months. His 
wife died when Bernhard was twelve years old. Mr. 
Traut began work on the asylum in 1850, working 
there until the spring of 1861, when he bought 
forty acres of land, but two acres of which were 
cleared, and on which was a log cabin. He com- 
menced working on his land, grubbing and clearing, 
and adding buildings and more land from time to 
time, until he now has 235 acres. He and his two 
sons own 515 acres, of which the first forty acres 
were the foundation. Mr. Traut has erected good 
liuildings on his farm, and it is under a fine state of 
cultivation, being the result of economj' and indus- 
try on his part, for at the age of twenty-one he had 
but $4 in cash with which to begin the battle of life. 
To-day none stand higher in the respect of the 
citizens of Henry County than do Mr. Traut and 
his estimable wife. 

Four children have graced their union : Louisa, 
the eldest, died in infancy; George, born Dec. 20, 
1858, was united in marriage with Miss Maggie 
Smith, now deceased; by this union he had one 




child, Frederick, born Sept. 27, 1886, and resides on 
section 20, Marion Township. Henry, bcnn in Jul3-, 
1862, married M.ary Lafferty. a daughter of .Tobn 
Lafferty, and now resides on a farm in Marion 
Township; Lillie, born Oct. 10, 1866, is still living 
at home. Mr. and Mrs. Traut have given each of 
their children a good education, and all are held in 
high esteem. In politics, Mr. Traut holds liberal 
views, voting for the man and not the party. 

-» -HH--^)jt:|:$t>ijt-HH-«. 

'I^^ATHANIEL E. ARMSTRONG, a prominent 
I jj and well-known citizen of Henry County, 
li\J^ residing on section 24, Tippecanoe Town- 
ship, was born in Hamilton County, Ohio, in 1816, 
and is the son of Leonard and Rebecca (Riggs) 
Armstrong, the former a native of Virginia, and 
the latter of North Carolina, the father being of 
Scotch and the mother of German descent. Leonard 
Armstrong settled at Columbia, Ohio, in 1796, near 
where Cincinnati now stands, though at that time 
there was no settlement there. Here he lived a 
short time, then moved a few miles east to the 
Little Miami River, where he and three brothers, 
John, Thomas and Nathaniel, each claimed a mill 
site and built a mill. These mills were widely' 
knowu as the Armstrong Mills, and were among 
the first erected in that part of Ohio. They were 
visited by the settlers for 100 miles around. One 
of them was used for the manufacture of woolen 
goods and the others were saw and flouring mills. 
Mr. and Mrs. Armstrong reared a family of 
eleven children, four sons and seven daughters, all 
of whom grew to man and womanhood, and lived 
to rear families of their own, and eight of them are 
still living. They were as follows : Nathaniel, our 
subject; William P., who now resides in Missouri, 
and is a miller by trade; John R., also a miller, re- 
siding in Illinois; Hannah Ann, wife of John C. 
Webb, of Hamilton County, Ohio, both decea.'ed ; 
Harriet, the wife of John W. Millspaugh, a car- 
penter of Winfield, Kan. ; Philomelia, wife of Thomas 
Spellman, a resident of Kansas ; Selina, wife of An- 
drew Riggs, residing in Eddyville, Iowa; Frances 

■^•^ : ^, - - 

v., w'ife of Alfred Riggs, of Mahaska County, Iowa; 
Aniarida, wife of John Slemmons, residing at Coun- 
cil Bluffs, Iowa; Zelia Jane married B. K. Pharr, a 
citizen of this count}', and departed this life in 
Salem, in 1868, he dying in the same place in 1865; 
CIa3-ton W. died in Winfield. Kan., at the age of 
si xt}' -five. 

Our subject passed his youth on a farm and 
worked in a mill. He was educated at the public 
schools and at Parker's Academy in Clermont 
County, Ohio. At the age of twenty-seven, in 
1843, he was united in ra.arri.ige with Miss Char- 
lotte Millspaugh, who was born in 1826, in Cler- 
mont County, Ohio, and is a daughter of James 
and Cynthia (Corwin) Millspaugh. The latter was 
a cousin to Thomas Corwin, the distinguished 
orator and Statesman of Ohio. In the spring of 
1844 Mr. Armstrong emigrated with his young- 
wife to AVarrick County, Ind., there purchasing 
eighty acres of land in the forest, with but a few 
acres cleared, on which was a log cabin. In this 
cabin he lived happily in true frontier style for 
four years. Selling this, Mr. Armstrong purchased 
a tract of land of seventy-six acres in the suburbs 
of Boonville, Ind., residing there for ten years en- 
gaged in farming and running a mill. In 1 858 he 
emigrated to Henry County, Iowa, purchasing the 
Oakland Mills and 320 acres of land in connection 
with his three brothers-in-law, Messrs. Riggs, Spell- 
man and Millspaugh. Mr. Armstrong still owns 
his interest, his p.artner being John P. Stringer, the 
husliand of his daughter Eugenia. 

Mr. and Mrs. Armstrong are the parents of six 
children, namely: Marcellus, who resides in Cen- 
ter Township in this county; Sarah Belle died at 
the age of fifteen ; Alice died at the age of eighteen ; 
T. N., who resides with his father; Eugenia, wife of 
John P. Stringer, of this county; Milton, residing 
in Colorado, is engaged in the mercantile business, 
and Josephine, who makes her home with her par- 
ents, is an artist of. considerable ability. 

Mr. Armstrong is very liberal in his political 
views, believing in political reform, and at present 
heartily indorsing the ininciples of the Union La- 
bor party. In religion he is a free-thinker. He 
has held many township offices with credit to him- 
self and satisfaction to the community, and has held 





■ the office of Township Treasurer for twelve years. 
Mr. and Mrs. Armstrong are among the pioneer set- 
tlers of this count)', and are well known and highly 
respected by all who know them. 

EVI L. BEERY, a farmer and dairj^man of 
Baltimore Township, is prominent among the 
[ L^^ agriculturists and business men of Henry 
County, and his name has been for years a familiar 
one. He was born in Fairfield County, Ohio, in 
1814, and is the son of Isaac and Mary (Cridle- 
baugh) Beery, who came to this county in 1842. 
Isaac Beery was born in Rockingham County, Va., 
and his wife in Reading, Pa., their marriage being 
celebrated in Ohio. Mr. Beery built a flatboat for 
the purpose of emigration, and on it made the jour- 
ney to Ohio, where he was one of the first settlers. 
He was a minister of the Dunkard faith, also a 
farmer, and after living for man}- years lives worthy 
of emulation, the parents were called to their final 
home. They reared a family of twelve children: 
Delilah, Catherine, George, Andrew, Elizabeth, Levi 
L., Maria, Elijah, Jesse, Isaac, Enoch and Priseilla. 
Eight of these children are now living, but our sub- 
ject is the only one residing in this county. In 
Ohio Levi L. Beery was wedded to Miss Margaret 
Short, in 1839. He came to this count}', as before 
stated, in 1842, and the next j-ear brought his 
young wife, selecting this for a permanent home. 
He was present at the treat}' made with the In- 
dians, at the time of the second purchase, and the 
land selected by Mr. Beery was upon the Black Hawk 
purchase, and the fertile valley that produces such 
bountiful crops was the favorite luinting-ground 
of the Indians, wIki had two considerable villages 
not far from his present homestead. Mr. Beery 
made a first purchase of 1C2 acres, which was occu- 
pied by a squatter who had built a small cal)in 
upon the site of his jiresent home. With his young 
wife, Mr. Beery moved into the cabin, and after 
twelve months of pioneer life he erected a more 
commodious house. 

Mr. Beery is an example of a typical self-made 
■^« _^_^___^_ 

man, and was in straightened circumstances when 
he first came to this county. He erected a mill in 
1844, which lie operated for perhaps a score of 
years. Later, putting in an engine and boiler, he 
added a gristmill, and this was also operated for 
several years, Mr. Beerj' having learned the miller's 
trade while engaged in the business. The ruins 
now serve as a landmark. This mill was the prin- 
cipal source of Mr. Beery's good fortune, and from 
that investment his possessions have increased with 
his years, until he now owns nearly a section of the 
finest land in Baltimore Township, stocked with 
flocks and herds, and the bottom lands are of the 
most productive character. His buildings are in 
keeping with his enterprise, and in addition to his 
farming interests he has a cheese factory with a 
capacity of 700 pounds weekly. His own cows sup- 
ply the milk, and the products find a ready sale in 
the home markets: in fact, the demand is greater 
than the supply. Aside from the industries men- 
tioned, Mr. Beery has done a large business for 
years in both grain and stock, which has been also 
a source of profit and pleasure. 

Mr. and Mrs. Beery have seven children: Jane, 
now the wife of A. L. Micksell, a resident of Cov- 
ington, Miami Co., Ohio: AVilliam H., wedded to 
Lizzie Briton : Isaac, husband of Nellie IMoul ; 
Enoch, married to Susie Rains; Mary, Delilah and 
Angeline, at home with their parents. In addition, 
Mr. and Mrs. Beery are rearing as carefully as their 
own, a niece, Gertie Beery, a daughter of Jefferson 
and Martha Beer}'. 

This household has ever been noted for its cour- 
tes}' and kindness, and as host and hostess the names 
of L. L. Beery and his estimable wife are known 
far and wide. The first family reunion occurred 
Oct. 15, 1887, at which all the children were pres- 
ent with their respective husbands and wives. Mr. 
Beery has lived a life worthy of emulation, and as 
his years increase, his love and veneration for the 
Republican party increase, and although nut a 
candidate forollicial position, he isan ardent worker, 
and at the last county convention, held at Mt. 
Pleasant, he was Chairman. His children have been 
carefully educated, and all have certificates enti- 
tling them to teach, and some of them have taught 
in this count}'; Delilah and Angeline have been 






teachers in Nebraska, and Jane in Ohio. The same 
teacher that was preceptor wlieii Mr. Beerj' was a 
student, was the instructor of his children— Prof. 
S. L. Howe, who founded the academy which bears 
his name, and which has given an education to many 
people of note from this and other States. 

Mr. Beery was a schoolmate with Gen. W. T. 
and .Tohn Siierman, Tom Ewing and other noted 
men, and in their boyhood days their debates grew 
ardent in their literary societies. Men grow old 
in years, but their good deeds and their virtues are 
left for examples for future generations, and to 
such men as Mr. Beery Henry Countj^ owes much 
of the fame she possesses as a leading county in the 
State of Iowa. 

!<^ AVID BURDEN, merchant and Postmas- 
^' ter, Salem, Iowa, was born in Charlbury, 
Oxfordshire, England, in 1833, and is the 
son of James and Ann (Sales) Burden. 
Both parents were natives of England, and James 
for many years was a stone-cutter and mason. 
They reared eleven children, seven of whom are 
now living, and four are deceased. Those living in 
England are : Ann married Mr. Kench ; Har- 
riet wedded her cousin, AVilliam Burden; Han- 
nah is married to William Kerry; Sarah became the 
wife of Job Tolley, and William is also married. 
John is the onlj- unmarried one, and is a teacher in 
Oxfordshire, England, in which locality all the 
children except David reside. He left his native 
home in 1854, and landed in America before he had 
reached his twenty-first year. He was full of the 
enthusiasm that fills the breasts of enterprising 
young men, and expected to better his condition in 
life, although he was engaged in the mercantile busi- 
ness before leaving England. His .academic educa- 
tion was completed in Europe and he was well fitted 
for any occupation. His first experience was in Au- 
rora, N. Y., he taking a position with the mercan- 
tile house of E. B. Morgan & Co. The senior pro- 
prietor was then a Member of Congress. During 
his residence of ten months in Aurora, our subject 

became acquainted with Miss Rosa Savage. After 
the family left New York and emigrated to Iowa, 
he followed them, and Jan. 1, 1857, he became the 
husband of Miss Rosa Savage, the wedding being 
celebrated beneath the paternal roof. Rev. L. J. 
Rogers, of the Methodist Episcopal Church, per- 
forming the ceremony. One mile east of Salem 
the young couple began their domestic life, which 
has been continued under the most happy circum- 
stances. Until the breaking out of the Civil War 
Mr. Burden farmed in the summer and taught 
school in the winter, and was at that time teaching 
in Southern Illinois. He was one of the first to vol- 
unteer in a CO mpanj' raised in Richland County, 111. 
Their services were proffered the State, but the quota 
being full and a regiment then partly organized in 
St. Louis being readj' to start to the front, they be- 
came Company E, of the 1 1th Missouri Regiment of 
the noted Eagle Brigade. They formed a part of the 
western army, and their first engagement was at 
Fredericktijwn, Mo., followed by that of Point 
Pleasant, Mo., below Island No. 10. He then partici- 
pated in the siege of Corinth and the battles following. 
He was tlien detached from the regiment and assigned 
to special duty at Gen. Grant's headquarters. He re- 
mained at the executive part of headquarters, and at 
Holly Springs was taken prisoner and escaped three 
times during the daj'. The last time, however, he 
was paroled and returned to headquarters, where 
he was in the service of the medical department. 
Following this, the transfer of Gen. Grant to 
Commander-in-Chief of the United States armies, 
placed Gen. Sherman in charge of the department 
in which our subject was serving. His abilities 
secured his retention, and during his entire service 
he remained with the executive headquarters of 
Sherman's army. After the battle of Vicksburg 
he was discharged from the volunteers and made a 
member of the regular army. He was selected by 
the Secretary of War, and retained by him with in- 
creased work and salary. His appointment l)ears 
the signature of Gen H. W. Ilalleck, dated Aug. 1, 
1 863. While lying at Vicksburg the smallpox broke 
out, and our subject vaccinated most of the offi- 
cers at headquarters, among whom was Gen. Grant, 
and has the lancet still in his possession with which 
he performed the operation. Among his numerous 







war relics is a receipted liill from Claghorn & Cun- 
ningham, of Savannah, Ga., Sept. 7, 1864, for a 
pound of tea, price §40, lionght b}' Charles C. 
Jones, Secretary of the Georgia Historical Society-. 
He was discharged from the service Sept. 18, 1865, 
having served over four years. His discharge 
bears the signature of J)r. .John Moore, now Sur- 
geon (General of the United States Army. We 
quote from the certificate given in writing by that 
distinguished surgeon : "Hospital Steward Burden, 
United States Army, has been in my office for 
more than twu years. He is a man of spotless moral 
character, and one of the most efficient clerks I 
have met in the armj- in a service of thirteen years." 
After his return from the army, Mr. Burden pur- 
chased a farm near Salem, remaining there until 
1877. He took an active part in the organization 
of the Grange store at Salem, and was placed in 
charge, and under his management, from 1874 until 
its incorporation expired, it was successfully con- 
ducted, and its stockholders realized in the ten 
years one hundred and forty per cent in dividends 
on their investment, and received their stock back 
in full. Prior to the fire that destroyed Union Block, 
Mr. Burden had sold his farm and invested his cash 
in that business, but the accumulation of years was 
in one short hour swept away. He secured another 
stock of goods, and has remained in business to date. 
In local politics he has been an important factor, and 
has frequently lieen a delegate tv District and State 
Conventions, sent by the Democratic part}'. April 
1, 1887, he took charge of the post-office at Salem; 
his appiiintment, dating March 1, bears the signa- 
ture of I'ostmaster-Cieneral N'ilas. He has fitted up 
an oflice in the rear of his stcire, with improved 
boxes, and there is no better ollice in anj" country 
town in the county. Five children have graced the 
union of Mr. and Mrs. Burden — Charles F., Lena 
L., Oliver VV.. Sidney \V. antl \'ietor K. The 
eldest son is a graduate of Wliittier College; he 
is by profession a teacher. Mr. Burden, his wife 
and two children, arc members of the Congre- 
gational Church, and he was a member of the 
Congregational National Council held in 1886 at 
Chicago, representing the Denmark Association, and 
in the Church Bi>ard of olMcials he is one of the 
Trustees. Feb. 6, 1855, he took out his first papers, 

and by the act of Congress admitting all soldiers of 
the late war to citizenship, became a citizen of the 
United States. Later, he secured full naturaliza- 
tion papers, and expects to live and die in the 
country and under the flag for which he fought. 
He is a member of Salem Lodge No. 48, L O. O. 
F., and has passed all the Chairs, and has been Dis- 
trict Deputy and representative to the Grand 
Lodge. As a gentleman and citizen he stands high 
in the estimation of all his acquaintances. 


^ 1^1 J. MARTIN, inventor of the reversible 
\/jJ// Monitor or Roadgrader, of Mt. Pleasant, 
V^^ was born in Schuylkill County, Pa., on the 
16th of February, 1848. His father, John L. Mar- 
tin, the first stonemason and contractoi' of Mt. 
Pleasant, was also a native of Pennsylvania, and his 
mother was Carrie (Bird) Martin. The}' were mar- 
ried in Pennsylvania, and in 1856 emigrated to 
Henry County, Iowa, settling in Mt. Pleasant, 
where he embarked in his business, residing here 
until his death, which occurred in 1880. Mrs. Mar- 
tin resides at Des Moines, and is a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. Mr. and Mrs. Martin 
were the parents of five children, two of whom are 
dead; the living are: William, who is a stone- 
mason, of Brighton, Iowa, and Wellington J., 
the subject of this sketch, and Clementine E., wife 
of W. H. Penn, a postal clerk, residing in Des 
Moines. John L. Martin held the political views 
of the Whigs until the organization of the Repub- 
lican party, alwa^'s since then voting with that 

Our subject received his education at the com- 
mon schools. He is a carriage-maker and mechanic 
by trade. In the year 1877 he was united in 
marriage to Miss Clara Picking, daughter of ('. 
Picking, of Nebraska. l{y this union there are four 
children — Pearl P., Harry, Florence and Lydia. 

In the year 1877 Mr. M:utin patented the road 
grader, of which mention will be made in another 
part of this book; the thought flashing .across his 
mind all in an instant, he set to work to invent that 






most useful machine. He has now another machine 
under consideration which he hopes soon to com- 
plete. As a machinist, he has more than ordinary 
abilitj'. having no superiors and few equals in this 

Mr. and Mrs. Martin are bighly esteemed by all 
who know them, and have the confidence and love 
of the whole community. Mr. Martin is a member 
of the I. 0. 0. F., and also the Knights of L.ibor. 
Politically he is a Democrat. 

' ' eui 

R. J. B. ALLEN, Hillsboro, Iowa. Few 
men in a business or professional life re- 
main for a quarter of a century in one city 
or village, but the subject of this sketch 
has been a continuous resident and phj'sician of 
Hillsboro for almost twoscore years. He was born 
in Muskingum County, Ohio, in 1822, and is a son 
of Thomas and Rachel (Green) Allen. The death 
of Thomas Allen occurred when his son, our sub- 
ject, was one year old. Thomas Allen was a Major 
in the War of lbl2, and died at the age of thirt3'- 
five years, leaving a widow and five children. The 
mother owned a small farm upon which they lived 
for a few years, and .all was harmonious and the 
children were happj- in the love of their mother 
and the companionship of each other until the 
death of the mother in 1833. The children were 
named respectively — Jane, Alfred A., Thomas G., 
Joseph B. and Calvin. The eldest daughter wedded 
.Julius Beach, a farmer of that county, about a year 
after her mother's death, and the eldest son be- 
came an inmate of the family of David Bacon. 
Later he taught school in Ohio, and afterward prac- 
ticed medicine in Elizabethtown, Ind., later in 
Mercer County, 111., and is now a practicing physi- 
cian in Dakota. He was twice married ; the first 
wife was Sarah Heal, who bore one daughter; the 
deaths of both mother and daughter occurred in 
Illinois, and in that State Nancy Maloy became his 
wife. She bore several children, one of whom, 
Austin B., is a physician and surgeon of prouiin- 
ence in Missouri. 

The death of Calvin occurred in infancy, and the 
two younger surviving sons, and Joseph 
B., were consigned to the care of Deacon John 
Hammond, b}' the loving mother upon her dying 
bed. He was a father to the two orphan boys and 
they were given all the opportunities for an educa- 
tion that the Deacon's children enjoyed. All were 
reared upon a farm. Thomas remained a bachelor, 
and at one time a merchant of Hillsboro, Henry 
Co., Iowa, but is now a resident of Nebraska. Our 
subject, Dr. Joseph B. Allen, always desired to 
become a physician, and having secured all the edu- 
cation afforded by the common schools, his foster- 
father, the good Deacon mentioned, sent him to an 
academ3' in Guernsey County, Ohio, he being at 
that time eighteen j^ears of age. At twenty he 
began the study of medicine with Dr. Welcome 
Ballon, of Cumberland, and his first practice was in 
partnership with his brother in Indiana. In 1844 
the Doctor came West and located in the country 
in Mercer County, III., and a few months later set- 
tled in Little York, Warren Count}', where he re- 
mained ten years. While a resident of that village, 
in 1845, he wedded Dorothy M. Hammond, a niece 
of the Deacon mentioned. She bore four children, 
two of whom are j'et living: Richard E. and Mary 
A., the latter the wife of Cyrus Newbold, a brother 
of ex-Gov. J. G. Newbold. After the death of 
Mrs. Allen the Doctor removed to Iowa, and located 
in Hillsboro, Henry County, in 1854. He purchased 
the practice of the resident physician. Dr. Weir, 
and eighteen months later was wedded to Miss 
Sarah J. Kimes, a daughter of Dr. Royal P. and 
Priscilla (Hull) Kimes, who were residents of Hills- 
boro, where Dr. Kimes practiced, but at the 
time of his death was in St. Louis, whither he had 
gone for the purpose of graduating. His widow 
later wedded John Billingsley, whose death oc- 
curred afterward, and she now resides in Van Buren 
County, near Hillsboro. Two children were born 
to the second marriage — Mary and Samuel. Dr. 
Allen has been actively engaged in the practice of 
medicine for thirty-three consecutive years, and 
also has engaged in mercantile business in Hills- 
boro. During his residence in that village .and 
since his last marriage five children have gi-aced his 
home: William S., a lawyer of Birmingham, Iowa, 






the husband of Ella McCorraick; Louis B. is a 
practicing physician of Humboklt, Neb., the hus- 
band of Queen V. Gaj'lur; he was formerly a part- 
ner of his father in Hillsboro, and after three years 
spent witli him removed to his present location, 
and is now the principal physician of that city. 
Louis is a graduate of Keokuk Medical College, 
and "William is a graduate of the law department 
of the State University. Emma was the first daugh- 
ter, followed 1)3' Anna B., now the wife of John W. 
Harper, of Ravenna, Garfield Co., Kan., where he 
is in part proprietor of the probable county seat. 
Flora, the youngest daughter, died in infancy. 
During a long lifetime of honorable management 
our subject has earned and saved a competence. 
He is one of the most widely known |>hysicians of 
his county*, and among society and in ()ublic he and 
his family enjoy a most enviable reputation. Dr. 
Allen is a graduate in medicine from New I'ork 
Citj- and belongs to the regular school. Forty 
years of active practice have made him an expert 
in diagnosis. We are pleased to give him a place 
as a deserved one among the professional men of 
his county. 


ant, Iowa, is a dealer in dry-goods, carpets, 
notions, etc., and is also a partner of the 
firm of John Moroney & Co., dealers in 
staple and fancy groceries, of the same citj'. He 
was born in Fleming County', Ky., Sept. 28, IS3G, 
and is the son of James and Margaret (Saunders) 
G.arvin. In 1848, when he was but twelve years 
of age, the family emigrated to Henry County, 
Iowa, and settled upon a farm in Center Township. 
In the public schools of his native and also of his 
adopted .State, Mr. Garvin received his primary 
education, and then look a course of study at the 
celebrated academj- of I'rof. Samuel L. Mowe, of 
Mt. Pleasant, Iowa. In 18.J8 lie made his home at 
Mt. Pleasant and commenced business as a mer- 
chant clerk, in which capacity ho served initil Au- 
gust, 1 8C2, when he enlisted as a private in Company 

B, 2oth Iowa Volunteer Infantry. Before going to 
the front he was appointed Sergeant of his com panj- 
and was promoted Commissar^' Sergeant of the regi- 
ment, and faithfuU}' served until the close of the 
war, receiving his discharge in June. 1865. The 
25th Iowa Volunteer Infantry was assigned to the 
15tli Army Corps, and made a glorious record dur- 
ing the war, participating in the battles of Chicka- 
saw Ba^-ou, Arkansas Post, siege of Vicksburg, bat- 
tles of Raymond, Champion Hill, Lookout Mount- 
ain, Missionary Ridge, Resaca, Snake Creek Gap, 
Kennesaw Mountain, the battles of July 22 and 28, 
1864, at Atlanta, and the siege of Atlanta, battles 
of Jonesboro, Sherman's march to the sea, capture 
of Savannah, march through the Carolinas, battle 
of Bcntonville, N. C, and other minor engagements. 

On his return from the army, Mr. Garvin en- 
gaged as a clerk at Mt. Pleasant for three and a half 
j'ears, then, in .September, 186H, he formed a part- 
nership with T. II. Garlick in the mercantile busi- 
ness, which partnership existed for one and a half 
years. He was next in partnership with William 
G. Saunders in the same line of trade for six 
years, since which time he has carried on the busi- 
ness alone. As a merchant he has been quite suc- 
cessful, and has a reputation far and wide for the 
good quality of his goods. In addition to his ex- 
tensive dry-goods business, Mr. (iarvin is a part- 
ner in the grocerj- house <if John Moronej- (k Co., 
which connection dates since April. 1877. 

Mr. Garvin was married at Mt. Plcisiuil, Iowa, 
Sept. 5, 1867. to Miss Emma Fitcli Franklin, a 
daughter of \\'illiam and Lydia Franklin, both of 
whom were from the St^itc of New York, locating 
in Iowa at an early day. Mrs. fiarvin was born in 
Toolsboro, Iowa. Five ciiildren have been b(jrn 
to thein, two sons and thiee daughters: Will- 
iam F., aged eighteen years; Nina S., aged fifteen 
years; Mamie S., aged thirteen 3'ears; George W., 
aged nine years, and Emma, an infant. Mr. and 
Mrs. (iarvin are members of the Ciiristian Church 
and have ever taken an .active interest in all ihurch 
work. For several years Mr. (iarvin w.-is an lOlder 
in the Mt. Pleasant Churcii and also served as 
Superintendent of the .Suixlay -school. Politically he 
is a Ke()nl)lican and a lirm believer in Prohibition. 
.Socially he is a member of the McFarland Post No. 











20. fi. A. R. In addition to his other business Mr. 
Garvin is a member of the Comstoek Scale Com- 
pany and Machine "Works, of which he was Vice 
President for several j'ears. 

As a means of relaxation, Mr. Garvin made a 
trip to Colorado in the spring of I860, and re- 
mained in the mountains, mining, ranching and 
hunting, until the fall of 1861. He made another 
trip to the same region in the summer of 1887. 
He is one of the leading business men of Henry 
County, is a genial gentleman, methodical and ex- 
act in his business habits, and is held in high esteem 
as a business man, neighbor and friend. In con- 
nection with this sketch a fine portrait of Mr. Gar- 
vin is given on the opposite page. 


III J—, farmer and blacksmith, of Mt. Pleasant, 
^^;jj( Iowa, was born in Jefferson County, Va., 

Jan. 15, 1815, and is the sou of William .and Mary 
(Berry) Steadman. His father was born in Vir- 
ginia, and was descended from good old English 
stock. His mother was born in Maryland, and was 
.also of English descent. When sixteen 3'ears of 
age our subject was apprenticed to the blacksmith 
trade, to work uutil twenty-one years of age, at 
$36 a year, and eight days in harvest time. Dur- 
ing the first year he saved $18 out of his w.ages, but 
at the end of the first six months of the second year 
his employer failed and went out of business, leav- 
ing his apprentice to begin over again, and .at a loss 
of his h.alf year's earnings. He was then newly ap- 
prenticed to another man in the same business, for 
the term of three j'ears, at the rate of $5i» for the 
first year, $55 for the second and $65 for the third. 
His employer was a very close, but upright man, and 
taught his apprentices to be as well as in- 
dustrious. At the end of the three years it 
found that our subject had lost two and a half days, 
which he was obliged to make up. Having finislied 
his four and a half years of apprenticeship, six 
months prior to his majority, he began work as a 
journeyman. In tiie spring of 1836 he went to 

Highland County, Ohio, and opened a shop, but 
not meeting with the success he anticipated, he re- 
moved to Chillicothe, the same State, where he 
worked as a journeyman, at $ I per day. Six months 
later he started a shop for himself at Marble Fur- 
nace, Adams Co., Ohio, where he met the estimable 
lady whom he afterward made his wife, Miss Eliza- 
beth Long, daughter of John Long, who was born 
in Adams County July 28, 1 820, and to whom he 
was married April 19, 1838. Having carried on a 
shop at Marble Furnace for one year prior to his 
marriage, six months later Mr. Steadman went 
with his wife to Sinking Springs, Highland County, 
where he opened a shop in companj' with his 
brother-in-law, where he carried on business for 
eight years, and then removed to Bainbridge, 
Ross County, where he worked at his trade very 
successfully for eleven years, securing the best 
of the trade and m.aking considerable money. At 
the end of this time Mr. Steadman again removed, 
this time going to Hillsboro, in that State, in hopes 
of doing still better, but this move was a mistake, 
and he sunk about $3,000 of his h.ard-earned 
savings. He then came to Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, 
ill the spring of 1857. 

The financial panic of that year crippled all lines 
of business, and after a year and a half spent at 
Mt. Pleasant he became disgusted with the prospect 
and returned to Bainbridge, Ohio, .and opened a 
shop, and again made money. Mr. Steadman re- 
mained at this place eight years, at the end of which 
time he went to Montgomery, Ind., and thence 
returned to Mt. Pleasant in 1867. He purchased a 
grocery and bakerj', which he conducted a year and 
a half, when, being satisfied thattliore was no money 
in enterprise for him, he sold out and returned 
to his old trade of blacksmith ing. Two years later 
he bought his present fine farm of 160 acres in 
Marion Township, since which time he diviiies his 
attention between his farm and his residence in the 

Mr. and Mrs. Steadman have been tiie parents of 
seven children, four daughters and tliree sons, four 
of whom are living. Evaliue was born May 30, 
1 839, and is the wife of James Miller, of Marion 
Township, and to tliem were born two sons and two 
, daughters; Mary Ann, born Dec. 21, 1843, who 






was the wife of Abraham Blackson, and died April 
24, 1869, leaving three children, two daughters and 
a son; Samuel Joseph, born Dec. 25, 1846, mar- 
ried Carrie Mathews, and resides on the home farm 
in- Marion Township, and to them were born three 
boj's and two girls ; William E. was born March 13, 
1 849, married Mary Spry, and lives in Marion Town- 
ship, and four children, one boy and three girls, 
graced their union; Laura was born Feb. 27, 1854, 
and is the wife of L. E. Williams, a resident of Keo- 
kuk, and thej' have one child living; Lizzie, born 
March 7, 1865, died July 22, 1885. Mr. and Mrs. 
Steadman have now been married nearly fifty years, 
and if living, they can celebrate their golden wed- 
ding on the inth of April, 1888. They have been 
members of the Methodist Episcopal Church nearly 
all their lives, and their children are members of 
the same denomination. Mr. Steadman united with 
the church in 1833. He is an earnest Republican 
in politics, with strong temperance sentiments. 
During the seventy-two years of a well-spent life he 
has lived a temperate, industrious life. Both he 
and his wife have always been industrious and fru- 
gal in their habits; starling in life with almost noth- 
ing, they have lived well, reared a large family, and 
accumulated a comfortable property. Mr. Stead- 
man is a thorough mechanic in his line, and wher- 
ever he has worked has always won the highest 
opinions of his customers for the rapid dispatch and 
fine quality of his work. I'h^sicians and druggists 
have never enjoyed much profit from In's custom. 
Temperate and !i total abstainer in his habits, his 
total doctor's bills during his life will not exceed §5. 
He is still rugged and strong, and bids fair to enjoy 
man}' more years of life. 

|0?2L M. SMITH, one of the oldest and most 

prominent citizens of I\It. I'leasant, was born 

in IhMuy County. low.'i, on the Sth day of 

July, I8.'>8, wheu Iowa was yet a Territory. 

His parents were .Samuel and Hannah (Wallers) 

Smith; the fcirmer, a native of Henderson County, 

Ky., was born in 1816, and the latter, a native of 

Tennessee, was born in 1822. His grandparents 
were Scotch and French, with the exception of his 
grandmother on his father's side, who \vas an In- 
dian squaw. Samuel Smith left Kentuckj' in 1832 
while yet a young man, and located for a short 
time in Burlington, Iowa. He then went to Au- 
gusta, Des Moines Co., Iowa, where he was married, 
subscquentl}' settling near Skunk River, in Jackson 
Township, Henry County. Here he took up a 
claim which he developed into a beautiful and pro- 
ductive farm. In 1850 he removed to California, 
where he remained two years engaged in mining. 
He then returned to Henry Countj% where his wife 
died the following year, leaving a family of eight 
children to mourn their loss. Of these, three are 
now living: Joel, of Mt. Pleasant; Elias, of Des 
Moines, and Benjamin E., a contractor, also of Des 
Moines. Mr. Smith was again married, to Miss Mar}- 
J. Herring. By this union there were two children, 
one of whom is dead ; the other, Calvin B., is lo- 
cated in Warren County, Iowa. Mr. .Smith was a 
man of intelligence, and one who always kept well 
posted on all public affairs. 

Joel M. Smith, the subject of this sketch, re- 
ceived but three months' schooling, having no 
chance to obtain an education b}-the usual methods, 
but by sheer hard work and earnest application has 
obtained more than an ordinary education, and 
what is better, a practical one. He .always keeps 
well informed in regard to the affairs of the country, 
and is a good conversationalist. In 1858 Mr. Smith 
went to Pike's Peak, then relumed to Florence, 
Neb., where he had a brothor-in-law who was a 
Mormon Elder. From there he went to Denver 
Plains, where he remained till 1863, as wagon- 
master. He then proceeded to Montana, with Cal. 
Bozman, traveling around Big Horn. Thej" were 
the first men to make the trip. Subsequently he 
went to the Red Kivcr country, and continued 
traveling until ISOli. In the year of 1869-70 he 
embarked in business at \\'alla Walla, Wash. 
Ter.. but in 1871 returned to Henry Count}', 
where he lias since resided, and for a lime was en- 
gaged in railroading, which proved a losing busi- 
ness. In 1883 Mr. Smith patented a tile ditching- 
machine, and a company was organized for its 
manufacture, known as the Iowa Ditching-Machine 






Manufacturing Company, of which he was elected 
President, having full charge of the business until 
the time he disposed of his interest. The Monitor 
Roadgrader was the invention of W. J. Martin, to 
which Mr. Smith added man^- improvements. 

Mr. Smith has been twice married. His first wife 
was Miss Isabel Martin, by whom he had two ehil- 
(li-en — Thomas J. and Laura Bell. His present wife 
was Alice H. Roderick, and by this union there are 
four children now living — Joseph S., Clyde A., 
Bertie and Dottie. Mr. Smith is a self-made man. 
With no advantages, by hard labor and good man- 
agement, he has gained a competency, and is the 
owner of 2,480 acres of land in Cheyenne County, 
Neb., worth $8,000. In politics Mr. Smith is a 
Greenbacker, and was the first man to be initiated 
into the Knights of Labor in Henry County. He is 
a strict abstainer from all that can intoxicate, and 
is a just and upright man. 



HARLES H. TRIBBY, farmer. There are 
(11 ^^ many of the young men of to-day, who were 
^^Jf' born in other States, that are representatives 
of the business interests of Henr3' County. Among 
these we are pleased to mention Charles H. Tribby, 
who is favorably known to many of the people of 
this county as an energetic farmer whose home for 
a score of years has been in Salem Township. He 
was born in Harrisville, Harrison Co., Ohio, in 
1855, and is a son of John W. and Jane H. Tribby. 
The paternal grandfather of our subject, and his 
family, were natives of Virginia, and of their early 
history but little is known. John Tribby, grand- 
father of our subject, was left an orjDhan when ten 
years of age, and before he reached full manhood 
went to Harrison County, Ohio, where lie was mar- 
ried to Ann White, then in her sixteenth year. Her 
death occurred in this State in 1873, and her mar- 
riage must have been one of the earliest celebrated 
in that county, and was consummated, perhaps, in 
1813. Her husband was a tanner by trade, aud be- 
fore his marriage worked at that business in \'ir- 
ginia. He also owned ami operated a tannery in 

Ohio .after his marriage, and engaged in clearing up 
aud farming the lands previously entered. They 
were the parents of several children, of whom we 
mention: Sarah J., who is the wife of Milton Men- 
denhall, and lives in Colorado; Isaac B., married to 
Mary Yost, lives in Londonderry, Ohio; Lewis D. 
is married to Melissa Thompson, and lives in Mar- 
shall County, Iowa; John W., father of Charles H. ; 
and Samuel. Several died young. The children 
were born, reared and married in Ohio, and with 
their parents emigrated to this county in 1864, pur- 
chasing land four miles north of Salem. Upon that 
farm the parents lived, and died within a year of 
each other, at a ripe old age. They were of the 
Friends' faith, and were zealous advocates of their 
doctrines. John W. and his wife, Jane Howard, are 
the parents of six children, living: Martha, wife of 
Wyke Elliott; .lulia, wife of .Sanuiel Spray ; Han- 
nah, wedded to Levi Parkins; Ella, the wife of 
Marion Weimer; Melissa wedded Alpheus Taylor; 
and Charles H. Possessed of an adventurous spirit, 
the parents have taken a Western trip, and have 
located a tract of unimproved land in Greelej^ 
County, Kan., although their connection with this 
count}- has not been severed. 

Our subject attended school in this county, com- 
pleting his education at Whittiei- College in the 
summer of 1879. For several years both before 
and after that time, he engaged in teaching in this 
and Lee Count}', in which profession he was favor- 
ably known. Having been reared upon a farm he 
learned to love its independent life, and worked at 
farming at intervals. The 3'ear prior to his mar- 
riage he was in the employ of the "Gate Citj- Pub- 
lishing Compan}'," engaged in reportorial and vari- 
ous kinds of work in the States of Illinois, Iowa and 
Missouri. IJesirous of l)ecoming settled in life, and 
of engaging in the breeding of stock, he relinquished 
journalism, and on the 30th of November, 188'2, 
Miss Mar}' Carver, of Lee County, this State, bo- 
came his wife. Her mother, Mary (Cook) Carver, 
died at her birth, and Mary was reared and educated 
by her uncle and aunt, Samuel and Susan Hill, 
formerly of Lee, but now respected citizens of 
Salem Township, this county. Mr. and Mrs. Hill 
were early pioneers <^f Lee County, and began life 
in the most primitive way, but the ends for which 


J 275 


they toiled have been accomplished, and they are 
now numbered among the aged and wealthy couples 
of this county. In 1844 they settled in Lee County, 
but subsequently became residents of Henry County 
solely for the purpose of educating their niece, who 
was in attendance at Whittier College. She was 
reared with all the care and tenderness a mother and 
father could have bestowed upon her, and to the 
aged couple her love goes out with all the warmth 
of affection of an appreciative daughter. Mr. and 
Mrs. Hill had no children of their own, conse- 
quently their attention was given not only to Mrs. 
Tribb3% but they also partly reared several other 
children, all of whom are now gone from the home- 

After his marriage, in the winter of 1882-83, Mr. 
Tribby was assistant teacher at Whittier College, 
and this closed his school work. Mr. and Mrs. 
Tribby are the parents of two children, Nellie and 
Ray, both bright, interesting children. In 1887 
Mr. Tribby leased a half section of land near Salem, 
and has stocked it with breeds of the best cattle and 
hogs, and intends to engage largely in the rearing 
of stock. Having been the son of a good father, 
who W.1S industrious but poor, Charles was obliged 
to work his own way in the world, and he is a thor- 
oughly self-made man. Mr. Tribby is a charter 
member of Monarch Lodge No. 143, K. of P., of 
which he was first Past Chancellor, and also its first 
representative at the Grand Lodge. In local poli- 
tics be is a prominent factor. He is the soul of 
courtesy, and an honored citizen, respected and 
esteemed by all who know him. 


/^EORGE W. TVNEH, fanner, ami President 
of tiie Salem Hank. I ml iaiia has contributed 
many enterprising men to the Western States, 
and Iowa has shared largely in securing them. The 
fertility of her soil, the facilities for raising stock 
and for the production of cereals, are a boon of which 
she is justly proud. 

Our subject was born in Hancock Countj', Ind., 
in 1832, and is a son of Elijah and .Sarah A. (Hal- 

»► ^ ^> 

berstout) Tyner. Elijah T^'ner was born on Little 
River, Abbey ville District, S. C, March 21, 1799, 
and was the second son of Rev. William Tyner, a 
Baptist minister who removed with his famil}' to 
Kentucky in 1802, and three years later to the Ter- 
ritory of Indiana, locating near where Brookville 
has since been built. In 1854 he removed to De- 
catur County, Ind., where his death occurred. 
Elijah Tyner was thrice married. The first wife 
was Martha McCune, who had one son, William M. 
The second wife was Mary Nelson, whose children 
were Martha A., Mary J., Robert N. and Charlotte. 
Sarah A. Hallierstout was the third wife, and had 
seven children — George W., our subject, John H., 
Oliver H., James M., Elbert, Alonzo and Missouri. 

Before the first marriage of Elijah Tyner, he took 
a claim in Hancock Countj-, Ind., where there was 
no road but Indian trials to guide the chance trapper 
or occasional squatter to and from his humble cabin, 
and here Elijah opened a small stock of general 
merchandise in a log cabin. As long as he lived 
he was engaged in the mercantile trade, and upon 
his original claim, which he finelj- improved, he 
lived and died. He was a very exemplary and suc- 
cessful business man, and by reference to clippings 
from Indiana journals we learn that he was one of 
the wealthj' and highly' respected citizens of that 
county. At the time of his death he owned over 
1,000 acres of land in one body. His wife still re- 
sides on the Indiana homestead, and has reached the 
ripe age of eighty years. 

In 1854 George W. Tyner left Indiana and lo- 
cated in McDonough County, 111., where he began 
the business of stock-breeding and farming. In 
1855 he took a survey of Southeastern Iowa, and 
purchased his present farm on section 33, Jackson 
Township, in the autumn of that year. While a 
resident of Illinois, Mr. Tyner first met the lady 
who is now his wife, and the occasion was the 
removal of her parents from Indiana with the inten- 
tion of locating in this county. They stopped dur- 
ing the winter in tiie village of Olena, in Illinois, 
o|)p<)site Burlington. It agreed thatthej' 
should be wedded, and after a few months, by mu- 
tual agreement our subject followed the young lad}' 
til this county, and in the autumn of 1855 Miss 
Mar}' F. Bartlett became his wife, the ceremony 






273 t\ 

being performed at the home of her parents, John 
W. and Catherine (Carraichael) Bartlett, in Jack- 
son Township. The Bartlett family are yet exten- 
sively represented in the county, one son, William 
A., being in the clothing business in Salem, and Jesse 
D. residing on a farm near Mt. Pleasant. 

The parents of Mrs. Tyner lived for many j-ears 
after they came to this county, the mother dying 
Aug. 4, 1879, the father. May 22, 188.=1. During 
bis earlj' life John W. Bartlett resided in Virginia, 
and when a young man removed to Cincinnati, 
Ohio, and learned the coach and carriage making 
trade, which he afterward carried on in that city. 
He was married at Lawrenceburg, Ind., and when 
the family removed to Iowa they came from 
Rush County, Ind. Mrs. Tyner was born in Harri- 
son, Dearborn County, in that State, Nov. 3, 1832. 
She is the eldest living of the ten children. Her 
birth was followed by those of William, Jesse D., 
Kate and Maggie, who are all living and married. 
Five others died In infancy. 

The domestic life of Mr. and Mrs. Tyner was be- 
gun under the most favorable circumstances upon 
their present farm. Their union has lieen one of 
the happiest, their successes the most continuous, 
and their social qualities so well known as to win 
for them the respect and good-will of their neigh- 
bors. Thej' are the parents of eight children, of 
whom six are living — Elijah, Sarah C, Jlelvin, 
Oliver, James and Elbert; and William and John, 
deceased. Two of the children are married. Eli- 
jah is the husband of Emma, and resides in 
Tippecanoe Township, this count}', and Sarah C. is 
the wife of Dr. A. J. Rodgers, a physician of Hast- 
ings, Neb. The four eldest children were educated 
at Whittier College prior to its destruction by fire. 
Melvin has been engaged in teaching in this county, 
and is another of the manj" teachers educated in the 
old college which has fitted many of the youth of 
this county for a successful business life. 

Aside from his farm duties, Mr. Tyner finds time 
to attend to other business of importance. He was 
for two years Township Clerk, and for four years 
has been a member of the School Board. The 
Salem District Fair owes much of its success to the 
efforts made by him, Mr. O. H. Cook and Mr. Z. H. 
Arnold, to whose enterprise the successful exhi- 

bitions of 1886 and 1887 are largely due. From 
its beginning he has been one of the principal pro- 
moters and supporters of the enterprise. He has 
been Treasurer of the association since its organi- 
zation, and no debt remains unpaid. The society 
is now fully organized and future meetings will prob- 
ably be even better than the past. As a successful 
farmer, his well-tilled fields give evidence. To be 
assured of their courtesy, it is only necessary to 
visit the Tyner home, and to judge of their social 
and business life, the praise of neighbors is suffic- 

For several j-ears Mr. Tyner has been connected 
with the Bank of Salem, as a stockholder, and since 
1882 has been its President. For a term of four- 
teen years he has been in partnership with J. L. 
Bennett in the purchase and shipment of stock. 
Mr. Tyner is widely known in a business and social 
way, and is one of the most successful farmers and 
business men inthecount3^ He and his famil}' are 
distinguished for their social qualities, and he is 
justly regarded as one of the leading and estimable 
citizens of the count}'. 


ENRY CLAY SAUNDERS, dealer in real 
estate, loan and collection agent, Mt. Pleas- 
ant, Iowa, was born in the Shenandoah Val- 
ley, near Staunton, Augusta Co., Va., Dec. 
1829, and is the son of Bartley M. and 
Annie (Caulk) Saunders, who were pioneers of 
Henry County, Iowa. Henrj^ C. removed with his 
parents to Tennessee in early childhood, and from 
there went to Georgia. From Georgia the family 
removed to Georgetown, 111., and from there to Mt. 
Pleasant, Iowa, arriving May 26, 1838. Our sub- 
ject vvas educated in the public schools and at Mc- 
Kinney's High School, of Mt. Pleasant, and after 
completing his studies engaged as a merchant's 
clerk at Mt. Pleasant, following that occupation for 
ten years. He was appointed Postmaster at Mt. 
Pleasant in 1849, under President Zachary Taylor's 
administration, and served four years. He was 
next made Deputy Recorder and Treasurer of 






Henrj' Count}-, and served in that rapacity about 
six years. He then entered ii|i(iii \n> piesent l)usi- 
ness, which he has [)iirsucd coiitimioiisly since. Mr. 
Saunders was married at West Union, Fayette Co., 
Iowa, in November. 1855, to Miss Rhoda Bowman, 
a daughter of John Bowman. She was born in 
Warren County, Pa., whence her jiarents re- 
moved to Henry County, of which they were early 
settlers. Mr. and Mrs. Saunders have four chil- 
dren, two sons and two daughters: Dermont M., 
married to Miss Stella Comstoclf, and residing in 
Mt. Pleasant: Frank D., unmarried, and living in 
Grand Rapids, Mich. ; Ona, wife of Harry Porter, 
living in Lincoln, Neb., and Anna, still at home, 
ail born in Mt. Pleasant. Mrs. Saunders is a mem- 
ber of the Christian Church. He is a member of 
Mt. Plca.sant Lodge No. 8, A. F. <t A. M. He is 
also a member of the L O. O. F., Henry Lodge No. 
10. He has passed all the Chairs of the Grand 
Lodge of Iowa, and is one of the charter members 
of the oldest lodge of the order in Mt. Pleas- 
ant. In politics he is a supporter of the principles 
of the Republican party. 

■^t> ' ^~^i^^^5«^^^tfitf< 

SSAAC W. ALLEN, of Henry County, Iowa, le- 
sides on section 9, Jefferson Township, and is 
engaged in farming. Jackson Allen, the fatlier 
of our subject, came with his family from Clarke 
County, Oliio, in October, 1840, and located in 
Henry County, and liled a claim upon land one 
mile south of where Wayland now stands. Braxon 
Bcnn Iiad built a small eal)in, and for this and iiis 
claim Mr. Allen traded a span of horses. In Ohio, 
Jackson Allen wedded Mary Ann Wade, and eleven 
children were born to tiiem in that State, two of 
whom were twins, who died in infiuicy, their names 
being Mary A. and .lulia A.; Joiin, who is married 
and resides near Stockton, Cal. ; Maria became tlie 
wife of Erastus Warren, vvho died in the army; 
Jesse, husl)and of Kacliol Anderson, is a farmer re- 
siding in Jefferson Townsliip: Heecc wedded Me- 
lissa J. Warren, and resides in Jefferson Townsliip; 
Ellen D. wedded J. N. Allen, now deceased, who 


was ex-County Clerk of Heniy Count}' ; his widow 
resides in Mt. Pleasant. Our subject followed ; then 
came Jane, whfi died unmarried; .Samantha, resid- 
ing in Council Bluffs, is tlie wife of Edward Saj'les, 
agent at the Union Depot in tlint city ; Sarah E. is the 
widow of Dennis Warren, and Alvin S., husband of 
Aia Maiiafsfy, resides in Wayland, and born in 
tliis county. Alvin was older than Sarah. The last 
tliree were born in Henrj- Count}-. Jackson Allen 
entered forty acres of land and purchased the claim 
mentioned. After a long lifetime spent on the 
farm, he sold the first purchase, removed to Way- 
land and lived a retired life. Mrs. Allen died at 
the age of sixty-seven years, and Mr. Allen in his 
eightieth year. .Jackson Allen was for several 
years in the early history of the county, Assessor, 
and afterward represented the township as Trustee. 
He was active in the erection of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church at Wayland, of which his wife 
was a member. He was by birth and profession a 
Friend, and worshiped at their chnrcli in W.ayland 

Isaac Allen was born in 1844. and from his sec- 
ond year has been a resident of Henry County, with 
the exception of two years spent in California. He 
was educated, married, and has reared a family on 
her soil, and is one of her best known men. In 
1867 Miss Keziah Musgrove, of tliis county, became 
his wife. She was born and reared in Clark County, 
111. Her people have all removed from that State 
to Kansas, and her father, John Musgrove, a mem- 
ber of Company H, 25th Iowa Infanti-y, died in the 
service. Reece Allen was a member of the same 
comp.any and regiment, and also Erastus Warren. 
Since the marriage of Isaac Allen and Miss Mus- 
grove five children have gr.aced their home: Cora 
B. ; Ella M., who married C. C. Wenger, Jr., of 
Wayland, Dec. 8, 1887; John Jackson, Bessie I. 
and Anna. Mr. Allen resides upon the farm last 
purchased liy his father, adjoining the town of 
Wayland, known .as the R. M. Pickle farm, and a 
portion of vvhich comprises the village (ilat of Way- 
land. When a young man he learned the black- 
smithing trade of M. C. McCormick & Son, and 
started a shop of his own in Wayland, at which 
trade lie worked twenty years, then bought his 
present farm and went to farming. He is a suc- 

— ■ » 





cessfiil farmer and owns 120 acres of land, and is a 
credit to the townsliip in wliicli liis famil}' resides. 
We are pleased to make such mention as the Allen 
family deserve in the history of tiie county, where 
for many years they have resided. 

DDISON CHANDLER, harness-malier, sad- 
dler and dealer in horse furnishing goods, 
New London. Mr. Chandler settled in 
New London in 1852. and for twentj'-five 
years has served as Postmaster of that village. He 
was born in Cayuga County, N. Y., Oct. 24, 1817, 
and is the son of Ebenezer and Lueinda (Niles) 
Chandler. He served a regular apprenticeship to 
the saddle and harness maiiing trade at Skaneateles, 
N. Y. He removed to Indiana in 1837, and located 
at Moore's Hill, where he worked as a journeyman. 
He started in busines.s at Wilmington, Ind., in the 
line of his trade, and later removed to Manchester, 
Ind., where he also carried on a shop. He was 
married at Moore's Hill, June 17, 1839, to Miss 
Mary Emeline Hedge, daughter of Samuel Hedge. 
Mrs. Chandler was born in Steuben County, N. Y. 
Seven children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Chand- 
ler: Isabel is the wife of C. Whit Smitli, and re. 
sides in Burlington, lovva; James married Martha 
De Long, and lives in Lincoln, Neb. ; Janett died 
aged five years; Otho A. died at the age of one 
year; those named above were born in Manchester, 
Ind. The remainder of the children were born at 
New London: Thomas married Nettie Lewis, and 
lives in Burlington ; Frank is at home, and Maggie 
is the wife of S. E. Symons, of Saginaw, Mich. Mr 
Chandler removed from Indiana to Ft. Madison 
Iowa, Nov. 20, 1851, and the following September 
came to New London. He opened a harness-shop 
at that place, and carried on the business till 1862, 
when he was appointed Postmaster of New London 
under President Lincoln, in August of that year. 
He had been Acting Postmaster from the April pre- 
vious, was re-appointed, and held office utitil Janu- 
ary, 1887, when he resigned. During his twenty- 
five years of service as Postmaster he was never 

absent a single day on account of sickness, and 
rarely from an}- other cause. His administration 
of the office was prompt, efflcient and courteous, 
and most satisfactory to the people. Soon after 
taking the postniastership Mr. Chandler formed a 
partnership with his son-in-law, Mr. Smith, in the 
mercantile business, under the firm name of Chand- 
ler <fe Smith. They dissolved partnership soon after 
the close of the war, and Mr. Chandler conducted 
the business alone until 1884, when he closed out 
his stock in anticipation of going out of office. He 
has just perfected his arrangements to resume busi- 
ness again in the hainess-making line. Mr. Chan- 
dler iias served two terras as Justice of the Peace 
at New London, and is a member of New London 
Lodge No. 28, A. F. &. A. M. Mrs. Chandler was 
a member of the Protestant Methodist Church, and 
was a most estimable Christian lady, and a devoted 
wife and mother. Her death occurred April 30, 
1884. Mr. Chandler's father was born in Vermont 
and his mother in Cayuga Countj'. N. Y., and both 
families date their origin in America back to Colo- 
nial days. 


'^ C. ALLSUP was born in Jackson County, 
Ind., on the 3d of February, 1823. His 
parents were John and Nancy (Shumaker) 
(^^j// Allsup, l-he former a native of Virginia and 
the latter of Tennessee. In 1810 they emigrated 
to Indiana and settled in Jackson Countj, where 
John Allsup felled the trees, and in the midst 
of the forest developed a fine farm. There were 
eight children in the family who grew to man- 
hood, but only two of these are now living: Rich- 
ard H., of Jackson Count}-, Ind., and J. C., our sub- 
ject. John Allsup was reared in the Dunkard 
Church. Mrs. Allsup died a member of the Chris- 
tian Church. She was a true mother, a sincere 
Christian, an earnest worker for the Master. 

The subject of this sketch is a pioneer of two 
States, Indiana and Iowa. He was reared in the 
new country of Indiana, educated in the primitive 
schools, and was apprenticed to his trade of a car- 
penter in 1838, receiving his board and a suit of 





■» II 4 


clothes. His apprenticeship was over a terra of 
two years. In the fall of 1841 he came to Henry 
County, remaining one winter on Skunk River, and 
in 184,5 he led to the marriage altar Miss pylizaboth 
M. Burge. She was born in Licking County, Ohio, 
in April, 1825. One child was born to them, R. 
Elizabeth, now the wife of John Noble, of Page 
County, Iowa. Mrs. AUsup was called to her final 
home in the year following her marriage. Mr. AU- 
sup was again married, in 1847, to Mrs. Elizabeth 
Sharp, widow of Davis Sharp, by whom she had 
three children: Davis, of Lee County, Iowa; Han- 
nah, wife of Edward Forbes, of Oregon, and Robert 
J., of Oregon. 

Mr. and Mrs. Allsup had a family of six chil- 
dren, five of whom are now living: Ellen, who is 
the widuw of Francis M. Prickett; .Jennie, residing 
in Taylor County, Iowa, is the wife of Charles 
Richardson; Leni Leoti lives at home; Harrison 
resides at Canton, 111. : Jessie is the wife of Hiram 
Allen, of New London. In 1865 Mr. Allsup came to 
Mt. Pleasant, where he has since resided. When he 
first came to this county the settlements were so 
few that each man knew all uf the settlers of the 
county. One could travel miles and not strike a 
farm, and there were but two or three settlers be- 
tween New Loudon :ind Middletown. Mr. Allsup 
will always be remembered for the good he has 
done for Mt. Pleasant and Henry County, Iowa. 
In politics, he is a Republican, though he has voted 
with the Greenback party. 


^jP^ AMUEL L. MILNER, dealer in stock and 

^^^^ real estate, now of Hastings, Neb., was for- 

1ft^\uj nicrly a resident of Tippecanoe Township^ 

Henry County, and is a son of Joiiii T. ;uid 

Harriet Milner, foi- sketch of whose history see 

Couitland W. Milner. Our subject was Ixirn in 

I'ickaway, Miiuni Co., Oliio, June 4, 1<S42, and was 

eleven years old nhen iiis parents emigrated to Van 

Buren County, Iowa, where he lived until 1857, 

when he went to work in the Oakland Mill in Tip- 

pee.inoe Township. Henrj- County, for his uncle, 
Nathaniel E. Armstrong. There he remained until 
the fall of 1861, when he volunteered in the com- 
pan3' known as " The Tippecanoe Rangers," John 
Millspaugh Captain, who entered the State service 
as Home Guards for three months. On the expi- 
ration of this term Mr. Milner enlisted in Company 
B, 25th Iowa Volunteer Infantr}', and served until 
the close of the war, being mustered out at Daven- 
port, Iowa, June 16, 1865. He participated in the 
battles of Chickasaw Bagou, Arkansas Post, the 
siege of Vicksburg, Lookout Mountain, Mission 
Ridge, Ringgold, Resaca, Kennesaw Mountain, the 
siege of Atlanta, the historic " march to the sea," 
at Savannah, Ga., Columbia, S. C, and the closing 
scenes of the war, to the great review at the cap- 
ital, where Company B led the advance of Sher- 
man's army. On his return Mr. Milner rented the 
sawmill at Oakland, which he carried on until Jan- 
uary, 1866, when it was wrecked by a freshet. He 
then went to Louisa County, Iowa, where for three 
years he was engaged in farming, going thence to 
Ottumwa, where he entered mercantile life, and 
also bought a f.arm four miles from that place, 
which he subsequentlj' sold. P'rora Ottumwa he re- 
moved to Sheridan, Lucas Co., Iowa, running a 
woolen-mill for two years, and then selling it, en- 
gaged in selling implements, traveling for three 
years. In 1876 Mr. Milner removed to Webster 
County, Neb., and opened a new farm, on which 
he lived for seven years, when he sold it and re- 
moved to Hastings, Neb., where he has since been 
engaged m the stock business, and recentl}- has 
been engaged considerably in real-estate transac- 

December 24, 1865, Mr. Milner was married 
to Miss Tliirza A., daughter of Israel and Mary 
(Scott) Murphy, who were early settKMS in Knox 
County, Ohio, where Mr. Murphy had for a long 
time been engaged in carpentering and contracting. 
The family removed to Mt. Plea,<ant. Iowa, in 1864, 
and thence to Louisa Count\', whore Mr. .Murphy 
died in 1867. His wife is now living in Sheridan, 
Iowa. Mrs. Milner was born in Mt. Vernon, Ohio, 
Oct. 1, 18311. Mr. and Mrs. Milner were l)lessed 
with eleven children, of whom si.\ are now living, 
namel}': John F., Fannie Belle, AUie May, Harry 

■► i 4 







Leonard, Fli)i;i and Hattie. Those deceased were 
Rossie, Ettie and Nora, and two twin infants. 

Mr. Miluer is an energetic man, wIki has been 
quite snccessful, and has always borne the reputa- 
tion of an upright man and good citizen. In relig- 
ious matters he is liberal . in his belief, and in 
politics believes in the doctrines of the Union Labor 

^^EN. NICHOLAS GREUSEL, of Mt. Pleas- 
[|| g=^ ant, was born in Bavaria, Germany, July 
^^Jl 4, 1817, and liefore leaving the old coun- 
try received a fair education in German and 
French in the schools of his native city of Blies- 
kastle. The Greusels, consisting of father, mother, 
brothers and sisters, emigrated to the United 
States in the summer of 1833, and on arriving at 
the city of New York strangers and penniless, the 
eight larger children were told by their father that 
they were now in a free country, that he had noth- 
ing more than a parent's blessing to bestow, and 
that they must commence the battle of life for 
themselves, but that in case of sickness or misfort- 
une, such a home as he might be in possession of 
should be theirs. AVithout knowing a word of the 
linglish language, the future of these poor children 
looked dark and gloomy. The boy Nicholas wan- 
dered over the citj' for hours in search of em. 
ployment, when, after many failures and rebuffs, a 
kind and benevolent ladj' admitted him under her 
roof, and gave him shelter and work. The lady 
who at this dark hour proved an angel of mercy to 
him was the mother of Hamilton Fish, once Sena- 
tor from New York, and afterward Secretary of 
State under President Grant. Here Nicholas re- 
mained a year, and the following year worked in a 
brickyard at Nasburg, N. Y., when the whole family 
removed to the Territory of Michigan, reaching 
Detroit by canal and steamer, Nov. 1, 183o. At 
first such odd jobs as could be found were resorted 
to for a liveliliood, such as driving team, gathering 
ashes, etc., but in the spring of 1836 he obtained a 
permanent situation in the firm of Rice, Coffin &. 
Co., in the business of lumbering, and remained in 
their employ for eleven years, until the breaking 
out of the Mexican War. Prior to this he had 

served as Captain of the Scott (Guards, a local mili- 
tary company, and subsequently as Major of the 
Frontier G uards, and was on dutj' during the Patriot 
rebellion in Canada. At the municipal election in 
Detroit in 1844, he was elected Alderman of the 
Fourth Ward on the Whig ticket, and served in that 
capacity two years. On the breaking out of the 
Mexican Wax he raised a compau}' for service, 
which became Compan}' D, 1st Michigan Volun- 
teers, of which he was elected Captain. Marching 
to Springfield, Ohio, the company were sent thence 
hj rail to Cincinnati, and hy steamer to New 
Orleans and Vera Cruz, which latter place was 
reached ten days after its sui-reuder to Gen. Scott. 

In the march upon the city of Mexico the Michi- 
gan Volunteers were attached to the division of 
Gen. Bankhead, which marched through Cordova 
and Orizaba some distance out on the National 
road to the Mexican capital. Their progress through 
the country was almost a continuous battle with 
bands of guerrillas and bodies of Mexican soldiery, 
who swarmed from their mountain fastnesses. In 
their encounters with the enemy the Michigan Vol- 
unteers acquitted themselves nobly, performing 
successfully and well every duty assigned them. 

The war being ended, in the summer of 1847 the 
regiment returned home, arriving at Detroit July 
12. At the outset Capt. Greusel's company num- 
bered 105 men, and he returned with eighty-five, the 
company having been better cared for and in better 
health than any other in the regiment. Under his 
economical management about ^300 company 
money was saved, with which he purchased new 
shirts, shoes, blacking, and such articles of clothing 
as were lacking, and when within a few hours' ride 
from Deti'oit, directed his men to shave, wash, 
and dress in the new outfit provided for them. The 
other officers were astonished and somewhat cha- 
grined to find that his company were clean and well 
dressed, while theirs were walking bundles of dirty 
rags. On landing, Col. Williams placed Companj' 
D in the advance in marching through the cit3% 
and the newspapers were filled with articles eulo- 
gistic of Capt. Greusel and the fine appearance of 
his veteran company. 

The day succeeding his discharge and muster 
out of the service, found him back in his old posi- 





tion in the Itimber-yard of Rice, Coffin & Co., at- 
tending to business as of j'ore. Subsequently he 
was elected Captain of the City Guards, and then 
Lieutenant Colonel of the battalion : was appointed 
Superintendent of the city water- works in 1849, 
and was the first Inspector General of lumber for 
the State of Jliehigan in 1 850, which office he held 
two years. An unfortunate investment stripped 
him of the hard earnings of a lifetime, and he 
again commenced at the lowest round of the lad- 
der of life to win his way to a competency, and to 
fame. He next turned his attention to railroad- 
ing, and found continuous employment as a con- 
ductor, first upon the Michigan Central, and then 
with the Chicago, Burlington & (^uincj- Railroad 
Compan}', in whose employ the Rebellion found him. 
A company recruited by him at Aurora, 111., 
was among the first to respond to the President's 
call for troops, he being the first man to enlist in 
that city, and on the organization of the 7th Regi- 
ment he was commissioned as Major, and pro- 
ceeded with it to the front. This was the first 
regiment raised in the State of Illinois. At the close 
of the three months' service he was commissioned 
Lieutenant Colonel of the regiment, which had re- 
enlisted for three years, and on Aug. 14, 1861, was 
promoted to Colonel of the 36th Illinois Vol- 
unteer Infantry, and served as such until Feb. 7, 
1863. He was a brave and efficient officer, and 
soon after the close of the war received the follow- 
ing letter from Lieut. Gen. Phil. H. Sheridan : 

Headquarters, Mo. Div. of the U. S. 
Chicago, Oct. 15, 1865. 
CoL. N. Greusel, 

Late of the 36th 111. Vol. 
Aurora, III. 
My dear Colonel: — It gives me great pleasure 
to summarize the service performed by ^-ou while 
under my command. I first met 3'ou as Colonel 
of the 36th Illinois Infantry. In the fall of 1862 
your service was most valuable. At the battle of 
Perry villc, Ky., Oct. 8, 1862, while in command 
of a brigade, you were quite gallantly leading 
your brigade all the time, and on the campaign to 
Nashville the excellent discipline your men main- 
tained was a model for all. In the battle of Stone 
River, Dec. 31, 1862, while commanding your regi- 


ment, and after the death of Gen. Sill, the brig- 
ade (1st Brigade, 3d Division, right wing), your 
services were marked by bravery and good judg- 
ment, and when you were compelled to leave us it 
was much regi-etted, for it was felt that our cause 
was losing one whom it could ill}- spare. 
I am, mj- dear Colonel, yours truly, 

P. H. Sheridan, Lieutenant General. 

Gen. Greusel left the army on account of dis- 
abilitj' by rheumatism, which he contracted on the 
night of Jan. 2, 1863, at the battle of Stone River. 
He had been fighting for several days, and had 
no sleep nights, and on the night in question, in 
company with^Gen. Sheridan, occupied a brush shel- 
ter. The wind shifted during the night, and in 
the morning they were completely' covered with 
snow, and he was unable to move, and was com- 
pelled to resign in consequence, Feb. 7, 1863. 
He was breveted Brigadier General, b^' recom- 
mendation of Gen. Rosecrans, after Stone River. 
Returning to Aurora, 111., as soon as he was able to 
work, he was offered the position of conductor on 
the Chicago, Burlington lV Quiucy Railroad, which 
he filled until Sept. 1, 1866, when he removed to 
Burlington, Iowa, and in January following made 
his home in Mt. Pleasant. He came to Iowa as 
Roadmaster of the Burlington it Missouri River 
Railroad, holding that position for three years, 
when he retired from active life with the good 
wishes, and greatlj- to the regret of his superior 
officers on the road. He has in his possession a 
valuable solid gold badge, in shape and size of an 
annual pass, suitably inscribed, given to him in 
1866 by James C. Sherman, President of the Con- 
ductors' Association, which is one of his most cher- 
ished souvenirs. 

Gen. Greusel since his residence in Mt. Pleasant 
has connected himself with the Masonic fraternity 
here, demitting from the Illinois bodies. He is a 
member of Mt. Pleasant Lodge No. 8, A. F. & A. 
M. ; of Henry Chapter No. 8, R. A. M., and Jerusa- 
lem Commandery No. 7, K. T., in which latter 
bod}' he has been Senior Warden for sixteen years. 

In Detroit, Mich., in 1839 Gen. Greusel was 
united in marriage with Jane Doumens, a native of 
France. By this union there were twelve children, 
eight of whom are now living: E. Stu^'vesaut is 







assistant master ineclianic at Plattsmouth, Neb.; 
Josephine is the wife uf Lafayette Langston; Eliza- 
beth F. is the wife of John A. Wh'te, a resident of 
Aurora, 111. : Rachel married Fred Grouch, a resi- 
dent of Sandusky, Ohio; John 0. resides at Mt. 
Pleasant; Nettie is still at home; Susie, wife of 
Charles Martin, of Plattsmouth, Neb. ; Phil. Sheridan 
is employed on the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy 
Railroad; Joseph R. enlisted in the 27th Michigan 
Volunteers, and was killed while on the steamer 
"Lyon," in 1 863. In 1 860 Gen. Greusel came to Mt. 
Pleasant. The General and Mrs. Greusel are both 
members of St. Michael's Episcopal Church at Mt. 
Pleasant, of which he is a "N'estryman. They are 
highlj' respected by all who know them. By good 
management and hard labor, they have obtained a 
competencj'. Probably no man has held more of- 
fices of trust, or served more faithfully his adopted 
country, than has Gen. Greusel. Hismilitarj' abili- 
ties are very great, as is shown by the letter we 
give from Gen. Sheridan, which, coming from such 
a soui'ce, is higher praise than any we could give. 
Alone, unaided, b3'his own might he has conquered 
all, and from humble beginnings he has won for 
himself an honorable name and an enviable position. 
The portrait of this brave and gallant soldier and 
honorable man is given on an accompanying page. 

-^ ^-^ ^ 

, LIVER McDonald is a farmer of Baltimore 
Township, Henry Co., Iowa. One of the 
early settlers of this State was the father of 
our subject, who located in Pleasant Grove Town- 
ship, Des Moines County, in 1837, on land adjoin- 
ing that upon which his son Oliver now resides. 
Originally, the McDonalds were of Scotch and Irish 
ancestry, and wo trace their history back to Mary- 
land, where .John, father of Oliver McDonald, was 
born. He went to Kentucky a single man, and later 
wedded l\[ary Mahan, near Lexington, in that State. 
Most of their children were born in Adair County, 
Ky. They were: Elizabeth T., wife of Isaac Cor- 
nelius, and both now deceased; Alexander, who 
died single; John E., wedded to Mary L. Parrot; 
W. Wallace, who died in childhood; Archibald C, 
who died unmarried, and Oliver, of whom we write. 


completes the list. He is the only living represent- 
ative of the family. In the spring of 1 836 the 
family went to McDonough Count}', 111., and not 
finding a good title to the land there open for entr}-. 
Ml-. McDonald pushed on to Iowa and took the 
claim mentioned above, leaving his familj' in Illi- 
nois until the next spring. The lands are on what 
is known as the Black Hawk purchase, and that cele- 
brated chief, with his band, was at Burlington when 
the emigrants landed in Iowa. Oliver, who was 
born June 3, 1828, a lad, but being so near their 
village for nearly a year, he formed a personal 
acquaintance with man_y of the tribe, as well as with 
the chief Black Hawk. This village was a mile and 
a half above Burlington, at the mouth of Flint 
Creek, now in the city limits, and Oliver remembers 
well when the tribe took their final departure. 
Even after they had gone and came back on annual 
visits to Burlington to receive their annuity, boys 
with whom he pla^-ed remembered him, as they 
stopped often at his father's cabin. 

Familiar in every detail with pioneer life, our 
subject, who has lived for half a century upon the 
same land, has witnessed its entire development, 
from the first cabin to the fine farm house and sub- 
stantial home which take the place of the old cabins 
and pole sheds of fifty years ago. The death of 
his mother occurred when Oliver was only six 
months old. and his father, who loved her with all 
the fervor that a foud husband can love, remained 
true to her memory. His daughter Elizabeth was 
her father's housekee[)er until her marriage, and 
then his sister, Maria McDonald, remained with him 
during his lifetime. He died in 1 854 in his seventy- 
first year, and his remains were interred at Pleas- 
ant Grove Cemetery in Baltimore Township. 

Oliver McDonald, the same year, was married to 
Miss Ann;R. Algeo, of Des Moines County. She 
is the daughter (>{ John and Ann (Stewart) Algeo, 
and the paternal ancestors were of Irish origin. 
They came from Wellsburg, Va., where she was 
born, and the famil}' removed to this State about 
1847. John Algeo went to California in 1850, and 
died in a mining camp. After her daughter, Eu- 
genie Archer, and her husband, decided to go to 
California, Mrs. Algeo resolved to accompany them, 
and in that State her death occurred later. She 

^ — — •^-m^^i* 







was the mother of six children : Thomas, John, 
Ann R., Eugenie, William and Ridgeley. Four of 
these are now living: John wedded Louisa Harlan; 
Eugenie married John Archer; Ridgelej' was mar- 
ried in California and lives there, and Ann is the 
wife of our subject, and was born Dec. 29, 1837. 

After the death of his father and the other heirs, 
Mr. McDonald and his brother, John E., purchased 
the old homestead, and our subject now owns the 
original site where stood the pioneer cabin. The 
domestic life of the young couple was begun on 
the same tract, and the same residence to-daj' is the 
one in which, for almost thirty-five years, they 
have lived the happiest of lives. Four children 
have blessed their union : John E. and William 
Edgar, who are single: Anna B., wife of Seneca Kcl- 
ley, a farmer of New London Township, and Mil- 
ton, the husband of Ivenette Williams, residing in 
Danville Township, Des Moines County. 

The family circle remains intact, and in a cosy 
home, with all that makes life worth living, and 
with children of whom they have every reason to 
feel proud, the historian leaves the subject of this 
sketch, who has been an industrious and fortunate 
man, and has accumulated since he began life for 
himself, 2S0 acres of very desirable land. Neither 
he nor his father have ever desired or ever held 
public oflicc. but as citizens, gentlemen, and kindly 
neighbors, few men have greater credit. Mr. and 
]Mrs. McDonald are members of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church at Pleasant Grove, of which he 
has been Steward and Class-Leader, and is now a 
Trustee. Socially he is a member of Charity Lodge 
No. .'ifi, L 0. O. F., of New London, and in politics 
has been a life-long Democrat. 


^^ APT. WARREN BECKWITH, a leading 
(i\ r ''"*''"^*s '"''" ^"d prominent citizen of 
^^^ Mt. Pleasant, was born in Henrietta, Mon- 
roe Co., N. Y., in 1833, his parents being George L. 
.'Uid Sally (AVinslow) Bcckwith. The former was a 
native of New Brunswick, born in 1800, who went 
with his parents to Buffalo, N. Y., in 1813. The 
following year his father died, directly after which 
event news reached the settlers of the intended 

destruction of the place by the Indian allies of the 
British, in the war then existing between the 
United States and Great Britain. Mrs. Beckwith 
and her family were among those who sought safetj^ 
by flight beyond the Genesee River. In 1816 the 
family settled on a farm in Henrietta, Monroe 
County, near Rochester, N. Y., where the subject 
of this sketch was born, and which he now owns. 
George L., his father, was the eldest of the family, 
and the management of the farm naturally devolved 
upon him, and he subsequently became its owner. 
On this place he lived all of his after life, and died 
there in 1883, at the age of eighty-three years. He 
was always a farmer, but in his 30unger days had 
also been a teacher. He was a man of positive 
character and of strongly marked personal charac- 
teristics. Though never an office-seeker, he took 
an active part in public affairs; a Democrat by con- 
viction, he was also an original Abolitionist, a be- 
liever in the doctrines of William Lloyd Garrison, 
and an ardent admirer of Horace Greeley. He w.os 
an extraordinarily well-read man, a sound thinker 
and cogent reasoner and fluent speaker, and wielded 
a more than ordinary influence in his locality. In 
the infancy of tiie common schools of the State he 
was an influential friend and supporter, and did 
much to insure their success in that region. On 
the breaking out of the Rebellion he took an active 
part in support of the Government, helping to fill 
the (juota of lii> county, and three of his sons were 
in the army, in which two of tliem lost their lives. 
He never engaged in any occupation but that of 
farming, and at his death left a competence. He 
was married in 1829 to Sall^-, daughter of Jonathan 
Winslow, of Henrietta, who had come to that place 
from New Bedford, Mass. She was boin in 1805, 
and died in 1885, aged eighty 3'ears. They had 
seven children, namel_v : Adolphus, who was a farmer 
in his native count}', and entered the Union armj- 
in 1861. enlisting in the 8th New York Cavalry, 
and (lied of typhoid fever in cnnii) in Virginia, in No- 
vember, 1862; Samuel, the next son, was part of his 
life in the railroad business, and came to Mt. I'leas- 
ant, where he was Station Agent of the Burlington 
& Missouri River Railroad from 1859 to 1864, 
when he returned to the old home in New York, 
staying there until 1880, during which period he 


>■ m< » 




was elected to the State Legis-lature ; he came 
back to Mt. Pleasant and died here in 1884. War- 
ren was the next son, and after him came George, 
who died young; Sarah, the next child, also died 
while young; Everett, who followed Sarah, also 
was a Union soldier, in the same regiment as his 
brother, and like him died in camp of typhoid 
fever, in January, 1863; the youngest of the fam- 
ily, Elizabeth, died in childhood. 

Warren Beckwith, the subject of this sketch, was 
reared on the home farm, and was educated at the 
Monroe Academy and at the Genesee Wesleyan 
Seminary, at Lima, Livingston Co., N. Y. Leaving 
school at the age of nineteen, he embraced the pro- 
fession of civil engineering, his first work being 
done on the Genesee Valley Railroad. He followed 
this business in the East until November, 1854, when 
he went to Kansas, and the following winter, at Ft. 
Riley, helped to laj' out Pawnee City, designed by 
Gov. Reeder for the capital of the State. He as- 
sisted in putting up a building for the Legislature, 
which however, occupied it but one day. This 
work was in charge of Natlianiel Lyon, then a Cap- 
tain in the regular army, with wiiom he was brought 
into close relations, and who afterward became 
famous as Gen. Lyon, and who undoubtedly frus- 
trated the plots of the secessionists, and saved 
Missouri to the Union. 

In 185G Mr. Beckwith came to Burlington, Iowa, 
entering the employ of the Burlington & Missouri 
River Railroad, with whom he staid until 1860, 
when he went to Texas with a drove of sheep. He 
was there when the war began, and determined to 
return North and offer his services to the Govern- 
ment. He came by way of New Orleans, In which 
city he spent the Fourth of Jul}', 1861. Reaching 
Burlington, Iowa, he enlisted in September, 1861, 
as a private in Company C, 4th Iowa Cavalry, and 
served until after the close of the war, proving him- 
self a brave and gallant soldier, and making an hon- 
orable record. Dec. 25, 1S61, he was promoted to 
First Lieutenant of his company, and on Jan. 1, 
1863, was made Captain. He was with his company 
in service under Gen. Curtis in Southwestern 
Missouri, was subsequently at Helena, Ark., and 
during the summer and fall of 1862 was in active 
duty, in skirmishing and scouting tlirough that 

dangerous region. The regiment joined Grant's 
army at Grand Gulf, on the march to Vicksburg, 
and participated in the arduous labors of the siege 
and capture of that rebel stronghold. They re- 
mained in and near that city until February, 1864, 
when they took part in the Meridian expedition 
under Gen. Sherman. Later in the year they had 
a lively time in and about Memphis, Tenn., where 
they were engaged in chasing the rebel cavalry 
under Forrest, who were trjdng to intercept Sher- 
man's communications. The regiment during this 
time was engaged in sharp fights at Guntown, 
Tupelo, Holly Springs and at other places. In 
January, 1865, the 4th Iowa was joined to Wilson's 
Cavalry Corps, and saw a good deal of active serv- 
ice, notably at Selma, Columbus, etc., and it is the 
universal testimony of his comrades that wherever 
Capt. Beckwith was engaged he acted in a brave 
and soldierljr manner, and had not only the confi- 
dence of his superior officers, but of his own men 
and of all those with whom his duties brought him 
into contact. In 1864 he was on detached duty, 
and was in command of the mounted provost guard, 
district of West Tennessee, and in 1865 was Brigade 
Inspector General. He was mustered out Aug. 29, 
1865, after an honorable army career of four years, 
during which he saw much hard service, but was 
fortunately never wounded. As a recognition of 
his meritorious services he was tendered a commis- 
sion in the regular army, which he did not accept. 
Returning to the pursuits of peace he came to Mt. 
Pleasant and again engaged with the Burlington & 
Missouri River Railroad Company, and after the 
consolidation of the lines in 1872, became Chief 
Engineer and Superintendent of Track of the Chi- 
cago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad Company. In 
1879 he began contracting on the road, and was in 
that business until a" short time since. He and his 
brother-in-law, Frank P. Porter, are now proprietors 
of the quarries at Dudley, Iowa, where is found the 
best stone in the State, all of wiiich is taken by the 
railroail company ns fast as taken out. Capt. Beck- 
with, Charles H. Smith and Richard Stubbs were 
the originators of the Western Wheel Scraper 
Works at Mt. Pleasant, for a description of which 
see sketch of Charles H. Smith. Another business 
carried on by him. and which is evidently a labor 






of love, is the breeding and raising of fine horses, 
both draft and driving, principally Shires for 
work and Hambletoniau for driving purposes. At 
his extensive farms near the citj' of Mt. Pleasant 
he has usually about sixty head of blooded stock, 
which is doing much to raise the standard of the 
horses in this section of the country. 

Capt. Beckwith was married, in 1863, to Luzenia 
W., daughter of Col. A. B. Porter, an eminent citi- 
zen of Henry County, of whom a history is given 
elsewhere. She died in 1880, leaving five children, 
as follows: p]verett, Orvillc, Emil}', Florence and 
Warren, all living with their father. The mother 
of this family was an estimable lady, whose death 
was sincerely mourned, not only by her family but 
by a large circle of friends to whom her lovable 
character had greatl}' endeared her. She was a 
prominent member of St. Mich.iel's p]piscopal 

In 1881 Capt. Beckwith was united in marriage 
to Miss Sarah E. Porter, a sister of his first wife, 
and a lady of decided ability and culture. She 
likewise is a communicant of the Episcopal Church. 

The sul)ject of this sketch is a member of Mt. 
Pleasant Lodge No. 8, A. F. & A. M., of McFar- 
land Post No. 13, G. A. U., and of the Loyal 
Legion of America — the most exclusive organiza- 
tion in the country, membership to vvhich is granted 
only to commissioned officers of the army and navy 
who saw sei'vice in the Civil War, and after a most 
searching examination into tlie private and public 
record of the candidate, vvhich must be unblemished. 

Contact with the world, together with his inher- 
ited qualities, have made Capt. Beckwith a man 
of broad and lUn'ral ideas. A natural leader among 
men he has acquired many warm friends, not only 
at his home, but among leading men in all parts of 
the country, and m the community in which he 
resides he is a prominent figure. 


^ )»/ELLlNGTON BIRD, M. D., a prominent 
\/^// physician of Henry County since 1841), 
W^ iiiid a resident of Mt. Pleasant, was born 
in Northumberland County. Pa., M.-xy ij, lf<17, and 
is a son of WilliMni and JIargaret (Moyer) Bird. 
His father was boin in New Jersey in 17Da, and 

emigrated with his parents to Pennsj'lvania when 
two years of age. James Bird, the grandfather of 
the Doctor, was a soldier in the war of the Revolu- 
tion in the Patriot army. He was a wagonmaster, 
and participated in the battle of Monmouth, and 
served till the close of the war. His wife's name 
was Osborne, to whom he was married in New 
Jersey, and with whom he removed to Northumber- 
land County in 1797. where they both died. The 
Birds were a large, athletic race, descended from 
the sturdy yeomen of old England. Dr. Bird's 
mother was born in Philadelphia, and was of Ger- 
man descent, her father being a native, of German 
parentage, while her mother was a native of Ger- 
many, who came to this country while young, and 
lived to the extreme old age of ninety-five years, 
dying in Catawissa, Pa. William Bird, the father of 
our subject, was a blacksmith b^' trade, and worked 
in Columbia County, Pa., and adjoining places, his 
home for some years prior to his coming west being 
in Danville, Montour County, from which place he 
removed to Mt. Pleasant in 1858. After coming 
here he and his wife lived retired in a house owned 
bj' their son. Mr. Bird died at the age of seventy- 
six. His wife survived him about ten years, dying 
at the age of eighty-five. Mr. Bird was a pleasant, 
genial and popular man, and was well liked by all 
who knew him. He and his wife were members of 
the IMethodist Episcopal Church. They had twelve 
children, all of whom grew to maturity. Those 
now living are: Caroline, widow of John Martin, 
late of Mt. Pleasant; Philip, a fanner in Kansas; 
Wilhelmina, a widow now living in Dauphin 
County, Pa.; Charles, a machinist at Danville, Pa.; 
Clement, living at Afton, Iowa; and Wellington 
who was the oldest of the family. When twelve 
years old the latter went with his parents to 
Bioomsburg, Columbia Co., Pa., and there received 
his education, and grew to manhood. He took a 
regular course of study at the Jefferson Medical 
College, of Philadelphia, and graduated in the class 
of 1841. In October of that year he was united 
in marriage, at Hloomsburg, Pa., to Miss Sarah, 
daughter of Eli Tliornlon, a prominent and respected 
citizen of tlnil place, and a member of the Penn- 
sylvania Legislature for several terms. 

Immediately ufler taking his degree Dr. Bird 








located in Knox County, Ohio, and established a 
fine practice at the city of Frederickstown. Having 
a desire to come farther west he emigrated in July, 
1849, from Ohio to Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, where he 
has since been engaged in the practice of his pro- 
fession. While his professional duties have been 
quite exacting he has yet found time to give some 
attention to other enterprises. On the establishment 
of the Iowa Wesleyan College, at Mt. Pleasant, now 
the Iowa Wesleyan University, he took an active 
part in the management, in its construction and 
outfitting. He was elected a Trustee of the college, 
and served in that capacity for twenty-five years, 
or until he resigned to accept an appointment as 
Indian Agent in 1877. On the breaking out of 
the late war, in 18C1, he was appointed as Assistant 
Surgeon of the 4th Iowa Cavalry, which position 
he resigned to accept that of Commissary of Sub- 
sistence, with rank of Captain, and served in that 
capacity till the fall of 18G2, when he resigned on 
account of ill-health. His son, Hiram T., who was 
then a student of the Iowa Wesleyan College 
enlisted in lcS63, at the age of seventeen, as a 
private of the 8th Iowa Cavalry, and was subse- 
(|uently appointed Hospital Steward. lie was 
made prisoner before Atlanta during McCook'sraid, 
and was taken to Charleston, S. C, where, having 
been classed as an Assistant Surgeon, he was ex- 
changed without much dela}-. After one month 
spent at home, on furlough, he returned to the 
front, and participated in Wilson's raid and other 
engagements, serving till the fall of 18G5. 

In 1866 Dr. Bird went to Idaho, and spent one 
year on the headwaters of the Columbia River. 
Returning to Mt. Pleasant at the expiration of that 
time he resumed practice, and was actively engaged 
until his appointment, by President Hayes, in 1877, 
to the Indian Agency at Ft. Peck, Mont. He 
served in this capacity nearly three years, during 
which time he was quite successful in his manage- 
ment of the natives. When he took the agency 
there was not an acre of land under cultivation, 
buthe instructed tlie Indians in the metliods of agri- 
culture and labor, and at the close of his term had 
a thousand acres enclosed, and several hundred 
under cultivation. He returned to his home in 
Mt. Pleasant in 1880. 

Dr. and Mrs. Bird are active members of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, the Doctor's member- 
ship dating from 1846, and Mrs. Bird's from 1839. 
He is President of the Board of Trustees. They 
have been blessed with nine children: William 
N. died in childhood; Myra is the wife of Hon. 
John S. Woolson, State Senator, and a prominent 
attorney in Mt. Pleasant (see sketch) ; Allie is the 
wife of Hon. Washington I. Babb, a leading at- 
torney of Mt. Pleasant (see sketch) ; Hiram T. 
married Florence McLaran, and is engaged in busi- 
ness at Mt. Pleasant; Regina is the wife of Theo- 
dore F. Twinting, formerly of Mt. Pleasant, now 
of Passadena, Cal. ; Caroline was burned to death 
in childhood by her clothes catching fire; Horace 
died in 1859, aged three and a half years; Burnetta 
died in infancy; Leslie, the youngest, is unmarried, 
and lives in Mt. Pleasant. 

Dr. Bird is a prominent citizen; he has been a 
member of the City Council for a number of years; 
he was many times elected Trustee of the public 
schools, and for several terms was President of the 
board. He is a member of McFarland Post No. 
20, G. A. R., and is still in the active practice of 
his profession, his skill and ability having won for 
him a flattering reputation and a large practice. 

ILLIAM S. BURTON, Clerk in the War 
fl Department, Washington, D. C.,and a resi- 
dent of Mt. Pleasant since 1865, was born 
in Guilford County, N. C, Feb. 7, 1820, and is the 
son of Ainsley and Sarah (Clarke) Burton. He re- 
moved with his parents to Davidson County, in the 
same State, in childhood, where he learned the car- 
riage-maker's trade. In 1842 he removed to Ran- 
dolph County, Mo., and established himself in 
business in Huntsville, where he remained until 
1854, when he came to Iowa and located at Rich- 
land, Keokuk County, and there embarked in the 
carriage business. From Richland he came to Mt. 
Pleasant in 1865, and opened a carriage-shop which 
he continued until the spring of 1882, when he was 
appointed to his present position in the War De- 
partment by Robert T. Lincoln. Mr. Burton held 
various local offices while in Missouri and Richland, 






and was Mayor of Mt. Pleasant in 1879 and 1880, 
and he has held other minor offices. In politics he 
IS a He is a member of Mystic Lodge 
No. 55, I. O. 0. F., and of the Camp, and has been 
Grand Master of the order in Iowa, also Grand 
Patriarch, and represented the Grand Lodge in the 
Sovereign Grand Lodge of the United Stales in 
1866 and 18G7. 

Mr. Burton was married in DavidsonC'ount}', N. 
C, in March, 1839, to Miss Malinda Moffitt, daugh- 
ter of Robert and Lydia Mofiitt. She was born in 
Davidson Count)', N. C. Ten children were born 
of their marriage, seven of whom are now living, 
four sons and three daughters: Lydia C. is the wife 
of James S. Pringle, residing in Richland, Iowa: 
Sar.ih A. resides at home : William M. married Miss 
Vaughn, and resides in Jefferson County, Ark.: 
Robert A. married Fannie S. Way, and resides in 
Washington City, D. C; Lorenzo W. died at the 
age of two years; Constantine B. is single, living 
in Cohirado: James K., single, now at Mt. Pleasant: 
Harriet M., single, resides at home; Mariettii died 
in childhood. Mr. and Mrs Bm-ton are members of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church. 



'NDREW W. McCLURE, M. D., is the most 
W£M noted physician, and the one longest estab- 
lished in practice in Mt. Pleasant. He was 
born at Lebanon, \\:uren Co., Ohio, June 
10, 1828, and is a son of Andrew and Mary (Gra- 
ham) MfClure, both natives of Dauphin County, Pa., 
the former born in 179.'), and the latter in 1790. 
They emigrated to Warren County, Ohio, and were 
among the first settlers of that region. There they 
took up a farm among the timber, whicli they 
cleared, and on which they lived for many years. 
They were of Scotch and Irish ancestry, and both 
were strict members of the Presbyterian Church. 
When they removed to Ohio, they were poor in this 
world's gooils, but by industry and thi-ifl, and care- 
ful JKibits, acquired a comfortable cumpetence. 
Mr. McClure was a patriot soldier in the War of 
1 812. He was a Free-Soiler .'uid old-line A\'hig, and 
a supporter of Henry Clay and Daniel Webster. 
He died in 1858, and his wife iu 1884, aged eighty- 

eight. They were the parents of eight children, of 
whom three are now living: Hugh, a resident of 
Eureka Springs, Ark.; Ann, wife of Robert H. 
Todd, (jf Warren County, Oiiio; and Andrew W., 
the subject of this biographical notice. He was 
reared upon the farm, and after leaving the district 
schools received an academic education at the 
Lebanon Academy. When twenty-one years old, 
he began reading medicine in the office of Dr. 
Fisher, a prominent practicing physician of Leb- 
anon, at the same time having charge of Turtle 
Creek Academy, a Qu.aker school near that place. 
Under Dr. Fisher he laid a good groundwork for 
a thorough medical education, and in 185"2-5o at- 
tended the Ohio Medical College at Cincinnati, 
graduating in the latter year. He at once began 
the practice of his profession at Paris, 111., in con- 
nection with Dr. S. York, of that place. This part- 
nership was dissolved in 1856, and Dr. McClure 
came to Mt. Pleasant, where he has acquired the 
well-deserved reputation of a skillful and successful 
physician and surgeon. On first coming to Mt. Pleas- 
ant, he formed a partnei'ship with Dr. Bird, which 
continued until 1861, and that fall Dr. McClure re- 
sponded to his country's call, and entered the service 
as surgeon of the 4th Iowa Cavahy. The regiment 
was in a camp of instruction at Mt. Pleasant until 
the spring of 1862, when the regiment was sent to 
St. Louis, and thence to Springfield, Mo. After the 
battle of Pea Ridge, they were joined to the com- 
mand of Gen. Curtis, in Gen. Carr's division, and 
the summer was spent in marching and scouting in 
the Southwest. They wintered in Helena, Ark., 
and on the investment of Vicksburg were made a 
part of Grant's army, taking part in the siege and 
capture of that place. After the fall of Vicksburg, 
Dr. .MctClure resigned his commission, having served 
two years, and returned tu Mt. Ple;isant. and again 
engaged in pr.actiee. 

In 1858 Dr. McClure wa.s married at Homer, III., 
to .Maria Conke}', a native of Massachusetts, who 
lived but a year after, her babe surviving her but a 
siiort time. In the fall nf ISOO Dr. McClure 
married iu .Ml. Pleasant to .Miss Emily I'orter, 
daughter of Col. A. 1!. Porter, one of the earliest 
settlers of Henry County, and one of its best 
known citizens. .Mrs. McClui'e w;is born iu this 






county in 1839. Dr. and Mrs. McClure are the 
parents of three children, of whom two daughters, 
Mary and Jlartha, are now living. 

Dr. McOnre is prominently identified with the 
industrial, professional and social life of the city 
where he has made his home for more than thirty 
years. He is a member of the Wheel Scraper Com- 
pany, the leading manufacturing enterprise of tiie 
cit}', of which a sketch appears elsewhere. While 
not in the ordinary sense a politician, he takes an 
intelligent interest in public affairs, and is a sup- 
porter of the Republican party. In all educational 
matters he takes a warm interest; he has been for 
ten j'ears one of the Trustees of the State Hospital 
for the Insane, and is in fact heartily in support of 
everything tending to the advancement and pros- 
perity of the city and county. He and his wife 
are members of the Presbyterian Church. 

As a physician, Dr. McClure occupies a leading 
position, not only in the city, but abroad. He is 
a member of the American Medical Association ; 
the DesMoines Medical Society, of which he was 
President for one year, and since 1858 has been a 
member of the Iowa State Medical Society, and was 
President in l88fi-87. The address which he de- 
livered before that body at their annual meeting in 
Sioux City, in 1887, received the warmest enco- 
miums from the most eminent physicians present, 
and has been widely copied in medical and other 
journals. Mt. Pleasant numbers among its citizens 
no more worthy and creditable representative than 
Andrew W. McClure. 

ICHARD AMBLER, of the firm of R. Am- 
bler & Son, is a well-known and successful 
attorney of Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, of thirty 
^years' practice in this city. He was born in 
Pittsburgh, Pa., in 18.31, and is the son of Henry 
and Hannah M. (Spright) Ambler. He received a 
liberal education, and engaged in the study of law 
in New Philadelphia, Ohio, and was admitted t(j the 
bar in 185.5. In 18o7 he came to Mt. Pleasant, 
Iowa, and entered upon the practice of his profes- 
sion, and in 1862 formed a partnership with his 
brother Henry, which connection continued for 

twenty-three years. The existing partnership with 
his son Harry was formed in 1880, under the firm 
name of R. Ambler & Son. Mr. Ambler was mar- 
ried in Henry County, Iowa, in the fall of 1858, to 
Miss N. H. Andrews, born in Trumbull County, 
Ohio, and a daughter of D. G. Andrews. Four 
children were born of this union, one son and three 
daughters, all of whom were born in Mt. Pleasant, 
namely : Sarah, Harry, Lulu and Dolly. Harry was 
educated at the Iowa AVesleyan University, at Mt. 
Pleasant, studied law with his father, and was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1884, and in 1886 formed the 
existing partnership with his father, and has since 
pursued the practice of his profession at this place. 
The children are living with their parents. 

Mr. Ambler has been a Republican since the in- 
ception of the party. He is a Knight Templar Ma- 
son, a member of Mt. Pleasant Lodge No. 8, A. F. 
& A. M., of Henry Chapter No. 8, R. A. M., and 
of Jerusalem Commandery No. 7, K. T. 

ENRY TRAUT, one of the young, enter- 
prising farmers of Henr^' County, residing 
onsecti<m21, Marion Township, was born 
f^j in this county, July .3, 1862, and is the son 
of Bernhard and Caroline (Schneider) Traut, whose 
sketch appears elsewhere in this work. His parents 
were natives of Germany, emigrating to Iowa in 
1856, where Henrj' was born. He was reared upon 
the home farm, and attended the district school, 
but his parents feeling that this was not enough, 
sent their son one term to Howe's Academy at Mt. 
Pleasant and two terms to the Wesleyan Univer- 
sity, where he made such good progress that he 
received a teacher's certificate. He is a man who 
believes that a farmer, to be successful, must be in- 
telligent and keep posted in the current events of 
the day. After his return from school, he made 
his home with his parents until Feb. 17, 1886, when 
he concluded to take to himself one of Iowa's fair 
daughters. He w:us married to Miss Mary I. Laf- 
ferty, who was born Aug. 24, 1861, in Henrv 
County, Iowa, and is the daughter of John and 
Martha (('ampbell) Lafferty, natives of Indiana. 
Mr. Traut owns a fine farm of 160 acres, and in 






1886 erected a beautiful and commodious two- 
story house thereon, which has added much to 
the beauty and value of his farm, which stands 
second to none in the county. He is turning his 
whole attention to farming and stock-raising, and 
has been very successful in both. Mr. Traut is a 
young man full of energy and enterprise, never 
hesitating to lend a helping hand to any enterprise 
that is for the general good of the community. He 
and his 3'oung wife stand high in the esteem of 
their friends and neighbors, and Henry County has 
few nobler sons and daughters than Mr. and Mrs. 
Traut. His political interests are with the Demo- 
cratic party. 

'JilOSEPH McDowell, residing in Center 
I Township, was born in Tuscarawas County, 
Ohio, Feb. 5, 1822, and is the son of John 
(^^Jj and Susainia (Vaughn) McDowell, both of 
whom were natives of Pennsylvania. They emi- 
grated to Ohio in 1812, and were among the pio- 
neer settlers of Tuscarawas Countj', wiiere he trans- 
formed the wild land into a fine farm. In the year 
1854 they removed to Henry County, Iowa, locat- 
ing on section 31, Center Township, where he 
bought ninety-two acres of partially improved land, 
living tliere until his death, wliich occurred in I8G1 
at the ripe ;ige of seventy-seven yea: s, being l)orn 
in 1784. Mr. McDowell served during the War 
of 1812 as a non-commissioned ollicer. He was a 
conscientious man, and was an earnest Christian. 
He held tlie political views of the Republican party. 
Mrs. McDowell was called to her final home Nov. 
10, 1870. She was born on the 20th of February, 
1792. Mr. and Mrs. McDowell were the parents of 
eleven <liil(Ii-cn, four of whom are j'et living: 
Martha is now the wife of Daniel Richey, of Corn- 
ing, Iowa; Joseph, our subject; Eliz.'ibeth. the wife 
of Silas Thomas, residing in Mt. Fleasaui, and 
Agnes, the wife of Alford Wilson, a minister in 
Page County, Iowa. 

Joseph McDowell lived u\nm iiis father's farm 
in Tuscarawas County, Ohio, until the age of 
twenty-one. at which lime he went to Holmes 
County, Ohio, working as a farm hand until tiie 

fall of 1846. Mr. McDowell then went back to his 
native county, where he was united in marriage, on 
the 6th of September, 1846, to Rebecca Kwope, a 
native of Pennsylvania, and a daughter of James 
and Rachel (Frazier) Swope, both of whom were 
natives of Huntingdon County, Pa. After his mar- 
riage, Mr. McDowell engaged in farming uutil the 
spring of 1848, when he emigrated to Henry 
County, Iowa, settling near Mt. Pleasant. Here 
he rented a farm until the spring of 1851, when he 
moved to section 29 of Center Township, where he 
rented a farm for sixteen years. Mr. Mcl3owell 
afterward moved to section 0, Jackson Township, 
where he bought a farm of eighty acres in I860. 
He resided upon this latter farm for four years, 
when he bought the ninety-two acres on section 31, 
Center Township, which his father bought in 1854 
on coming to Iowa, where he now lives. He now 
owns 213 acres of land, mostl\' under cultivation. 

Mr. and Mrs. McDowell have had .1 famil}- of 
thirteen children: William, who died when but 
nineteen months old; David, now residing in Jack- 
son Township; Henry, a resident of Center Town- 
ship; Elizabeth, who is the wife of Columbus 
Watson, of Jefferson County, Iowa; Iowa, the wife 
of Robert Jemmeson, a harness-maker of Mt. Pleas- 
ant, who served as a soldier during tiie Rebellion; 
James now resides in Jefferson County, Iowa; 
Clara is at home; Mary is the wife of Z;icliariali 
Doan, a resident of Salem Township; Albert, John 
and JNIargaret reside with their parents. Those de- 
ceased are William, Ellen and Sarah. 

In politics, Mr. McDowell s^-mpathies with the 
Labor Union part}'. Mrs. McDowell is a member 
of the Holiness Ciuucli, while .Mr. McDowell be- 
lieves in universal salvation. Mr. and Mrs. Mc- 
Dowell have gained all that the}' have b}' their own 
tiirifl and economy. Tiie}' are highly esteemed 
througliont tiie commuiiitv in whicii tliev reside. 


5, LSI 3, in W.ashington County, P:i., and 
resides on section 27 of Trenton Townshi|), 
Henry Co., Iowa, where he is engaged in farming, , 
althougii a tanner by trade. His i)arents, Seth and y 







Sarah (Mileson) Buffington, were also natives of 
Pennsylvania, born in Chester Countj'. They were 
both members of the Society of Friends, and reared 
a family of eleven children, all of whom lived until 
maturity, though but four are now living, namely: 
William B. ; Joseph, a farmer residing in Washing- 
ton County, Pa.; Robert, living in Cincinn.ati, 
Ohio, is a carpenter, and Abigail, wife of John 
Dean, a resident of Bates County, Mo. Seth Buf- 
fington spent his whole life upon a farm, dying in 
1840, when seventy-four years of age, and his wife 
in 1858, at the age of seventy-three. 

Our subject was reared upon a farm, receiving 
his education at the district school. When sixteen 
years of age he began an apprenticeship of five 
years to the tanner's trade, after which he went 
into a distillery, where he worked as a hand for two 
years, and the following three years was employed 
upon a farm in Pennsylvania. Sept. 18, 1834, he 
was joined in marriage with Elizabeth C. Goodrich, 
a native of Greene County, Pa., and a daughter of 
Goodwin B. and Ruth (Bayne) Goodrich, the father 
a native of Connecticut, and the mother of Wash- 
ington Comity, Pa. Her father died Nov. 14, 
1861, in Mt. Pleasant, at the age of seventy-six, 
while on a visit to his daughter. He was a devoted 
member of the Christian Church, and was a soldier 
in the War of 1812; and her grandfather, Jesse 
Goodrich, was a soldier in the Revolutionary War. 
Goodwin B. Goodrich owned a fine farm near 
Columbus, Ohio, at the time of his death. The 
mother died when Mrs. Buffington was but ten 
years of age. 

William B. Buffington and his young wife emi- 
grated to Ripley County, Ind., locating at New 
Marion, where he remained for three years. Going 
to Milford, Decatur Co., Ind., he was employed as 
foreman of a distillery for two years, and then re- 
moved to Rush County, Ind., where he bought a 
sawmill, which he operated for two years. Again 
removing, he settled this time in Tipton, building a 
sawmill, and remaining there until 1858, when he 
came to Iowa, locating southeast of Mt. Pleasant. 
He repaired Boyls' mill and operated the same for 
two years, when he removed to Mt. Pleasant and 
engaged as engineer, and in that city resided for 
two years. Mr. Buffington then purchased 100 

acres of raw land out of which he developed a 
farm. He erected a mill upon his farm, which he 
operated for twenty years, and at the end of that 
time, in 1881, the mill blew up, and he has never 
rebuilt it. Credit is due Mr. Buffington from the 
fact that all his property was acquired by his own 
labor, helped on by good management and fair 
dealing. Mrs. Buffington, an estimable lady, pre- 
sides over the home, and welcomes the stranger, 
the friend or the Isinsman who enters her door. Not 
only in Trenton Township, but throughout Henry 
County, are this worthy couple universally known 
and respected. To make the family circle com- 
plete, two children have blessed their union: Ruth is 
now the wife of George Boyer, a carriage-maker of 
Tipton, Ind., and to them have been born two 
children: Frances Olive, wife of Martin Vickery, 
M. D., of Tipton, and Asher G., who died at the 
age of twenty-four. The other child is Reason S., 
who married Mary A. Edy, of Canada ; they now re- 
side in Leadville, Col., and have a family of four 
children — William J., Francis E., Lulu May and 
Edna B. 

*EORGE W. S. ALLEN, dealer in clothing, 
hats, caps and furnishing goods, has been 


^JiS! established in that business in Mt. Pleasant, 
Iowa, since 1882. He is a native of Rutland 
County, Vt., born Oct. 15, 1850, and is a son of 
Robert and Eliza (Albee) Allen, both of whom 
were also natives of the Green Mountain State. 
The Allen family were of English and Scotch an- 
cestry, and for many generations had been resi- 
dents of New England. The parents of the sub- 
ject of this sketch removed to Iowa in 1855, and 
made their home in Lee County, whence they re- 
moved to Salem, Henr}' County, in 18G2, in which 
j'ear the elder Allen died, aged forty-three. His 
wife is now living atCreston, Iowa. Mr. and Mrs. 
Allen had four children, .all of whom are now liv- 
ing, and are named: J(jhn F., who is a hotel-keeiter 
at Creston, Iowa; Elvira, wife of Levi Snell, for- 
merly a merchant in Mt. Pleasant, now a real-estate 
dealer in Lincoln, Neb. ; Ella M., wife of Charles 
Dahlburg, in charge of the telegraph lines on the „ 
West Division of the C, B., & Q. R. R., and liv- * 





ing at Creston, and George W. S., who was the 
youngest. After getting such education as was af- 
forded by the public schools, the latter attended 
the High School at Mt. Pleasant, and began his 
business life as clerk for E. L. Penn & Co. He re- 
mained vvitli that firm some time, and then sought 
employment witli Mr. George H. Spohr, clothier, 
with whom he remained until he engaged in busi- 
ness for himself, which was in the year 1882. He 
carries a stock of from *10,000 to $15,000 worth 
of goods. 

Mr. Allen was married, Oct. 28, 1886, to Miss 
Mary Whiting, daughter of .John H. Whiting, of 
Mt. Pleasant, of whom see sketch in another part of 
this volume. Mrs. Allen is a n.ative (if Mt. Pleas- 

^@: — -^ > 

^jy^ LIJAH ANDERSON, of Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, 
one of the pioneer settlers of Henry County, 
Iowa, was born in Hampshire County, Va., 
Dec. 18, 1825. His father, Jesse Anderson, was 
also a native of Virginia, while his mother, Anna 
(Harvey) Anderson, was born in Licking County, 
Ohio, to which State her parents emigrated at an 
early day, but subsequently returned to Hampshire 
County, Va., where she wedded .Jesse Anderson. 
They were the parents of fifteen children, only five 
of whom are now living: Elijah, residing in Mt. 
Pleasant, is the subject of this sketch; Abraliam 
resides in Buffalo County, Neb. ; David also resides 
in Buffalo County, Neb. ; Rachel lives in Marshall 
County, Va. ; Margaret is the wife of John Allen, a 
resident of Marshall County, \'a. Politically, Mr. 
Anderson was a Whig, and was well informed on 
all questions of interest in his day. He was a 
devoted member of the Metliodist Episcopal Church 
for many years, of which body his wife was also a 
member. They had the respect and confidence of 
all wlio knew them, and were always ready to help 
a fellow traveler over the difficulties and trials 
which he could not meet unaided. Both died in 
Marshall Count3% \'a. 

Tlie subject of this sketch received his education 
in the log school-house so common in early days, in 
whicli vvere tiie puncheon floor and seats, while ii 
portion of one of the logs was removed, and the 

aperture covered with greased paper served as a 
window. The fireplace was of enormous size, occu- 
pying nearly the whole of one end of the building. 
In 1855 Mr. Anderson came to Henry County, 
Iowa, at a time when the country was yet compara- 
tively new. . Here he became acquainted with Miss 
Mary E. Curtis, and the acquaintance ripened into 
love, and on the 15th of October, 1858, he led her 
to the marriage altar. By this union seven children 
were born, six of whom are now living: Gertrude 
is the wife of Harvey Harrison, a butcher of Mt. 
Pleasant; Wyley lives on a farm; Laura and Lula, 
twins; Stella and Carrie Maud. For many ^-ears 
Mr. Anderson has given his attention to the raising 
of fine stock. At one time he owned Kentucky 
Bill, one of the finest horses ever brought to this 
county, measuring sixteen hands high, and widel}' 
known throughout the State. At present he owns 
Little Matt, a gelding, seven j'ears old, and one of 
the finest steppers in the county. He can now 
trot his mile in 2:25, and by judicious training will 
doubtless make it in 2 :20. Little Matt is from 
old Iron Duke, he by Cassius M., he by Henry 
Claj', he by Andrew Jackson, he from a colt by old 
Bashaw, and lie bj- a colt from Kentucky Bo^. 

Mr. Anderson liolds political views with the 
Democratic part^', in which he is an active worker. 
When he came to Henry County he was i)oor in this 
world's goods, but he and his estimable wife by 
their hard labor, thrift and econom}', have accumu- 
lated a fine proijerty. For thirty-two years he has 
been identified with the county, and has seen the 
forest leveled, and the wild prairies transformed 
into beautiful homes. In the various changes that 
have been made he has borne well his part. 





ATRICK BAKER, Station Agent at Rome, 
was born in County Clare, Ireland, March 
17, 1827, and isasoiiof Michael and JIary 
(O'Gr.idy) Baker, both of whom were na- 
tives of Ireland, and were reared, married, and 
ilied in County Clare. His father was eighty- 
two years old at his death, and his motlier 
seventy-five. They were both members of the 
Catholic Church, and reared a family of nine chil- 


— i-4»- 




dren, all of whom grew to man anrl womanhoofl. 
Tbey were named: Thomas, who died in Ireland: 
Mary, wife of Patrick Bja-on, also a native of Ire- 
land ; Bridget, wife of James C'lune, of the same 
country: Ellen, wife of John Snllivan; Ann, wife 
of James Daloiighty; Daniel, also a resident of his 
native country: Michael, who died there; John, 
who died in Rome, Iowa, in 1874, and Patrick. 

Our subject was the second one of the familj' to 
emigrate to America. He crossed the water in 
1849, settling in New York, where for seven years 
he was engaged as section foreman on the New 
York & Erie Railroad. In 1855 he came to Bur- 
lington, and engaged as track foreman for the B. & 
M., now the C.,B. & Q. R. R., and in 1858 came to 
Rome. Here Mr. Baker was engaged as foreman, 
continuing in this emploj'ment until 1878, when he 
was made Station Agent, which position he has held 
ever since. 

Mr. Baker was united in marriage, in 1 855, to 
Johanna Ambrose, a n.ative of County Limerick, 
Ireland, and a daughter of William Ambrose. B}' 
this union seven children have been born: Michael 
A., now a resident of Keokuk, is chief dispatcher of 
the C, B. & Q. R. R. : John C. is operator at Rome ; 
Katie is a teacher in the same village; Maggie is 
also a teacher; Peter B. and James D. are now en- 
gaged in fanning, and Johanna is the youngest. 
Mr. and Mrs. Baker with their children are mem- 
bers of the Catholic Church. He was poor in this 
world's goods when he came to this county, but by 
close attention to business, and good management, 
has gained a competence. He now owns 200 
acres of fine land, all improved, adjoining Rome. 
Politically, he is a Democrat, and has been Presi- 
dent of the Board of Education for ten years. He 
takes great interest in educational and public affairs, 
and of the citizens of Tippecanoe Township, none 
deserve more respect than does our subject. 

ylLLIAM S. MILLSPAUGH, proprietor of 
the Millspaugh Mill, of Trenton, was born 
in Shelby County, Ohio, in 1844. He is 
the son of Harvey and Sarah A. (Kyle) Millspaugh, 
the father a native of Orange County, N. Y., and 
the mother of Clermont County, Ohio. The parents 

of Harvey Millspaugh, James and Cynthia (Cor- 
win) Millspaugh, were of German descent. William 
came with his parents to this county in 185G. They 
settled in ]\It. Pleasant, making that their home for 
two years, when they moved to Tippecanoe Town- 
ship, where they lived some years, then moved to 
Trenton Township. Harvey Millspaugh and his 
wife were both members of the Missionary Baptist 
Church. He was a miller by trade, and was a well- 
informed man upon all subjects, especiallj'f upon 
political affairs, and always cast his vote with the 
Republican part}'. While in Ohio he held the 
office of Assessor. Mr. and Mrs. Millspaugh were 
the parents of seven children, four of whom are 
yet living: John R., who is owner of a sawmill in 
Gunnison, Col.; Electa resides with our subject, 
William 8.; and Thomas, who is in Colorado with 
his brother John. Those who have died are : George 
W., who died Dec. 29, 1885; Harvey died at the 
age of twenty-one; and Elizabeth, the deceased 
wife of Thomas McCall, of Montana Territory,- 
died in 1877; three died in infancy. Mr. Mills- 
paugh departed this life May 28, 1861, at the age 
of fifty-three. His wife still survives him, and 
finds a happy home with our subject. 

William Millspaugh when twelve years old came 
with his parents to this county, and here he has 
continued to reside. He learned the miller's 
trade, and has been engaged in that business 
nearly ever since. On the 22d of January, 1885, 
he was united in marriage with Mary Rivey. She 
is a native of Jefferson County, Iowa, though 
her parents, Peter and Permelia (Draw) Rivey, 
were natives of France. One child, a darling- 
little daughter, has come to make glad the fond 
parents' hearts. To this daughter, who was born 
Dec. 31, 1886, the name of Ethel has been given. 

The Star Mill, owned by Mr. Millspaugh, was 
erected in 1879, and a capacity of six bushels 
of wheat per hour, and ten bushels of corn. It 
is a water-power mill, and Mr. Millspaugh being 
well acquainted with his business cannot but make 
it a success. Mr. Millspaugh was reared in the 
Baptist Church, and is a member of the same, 
taking an active interest in and doing his part of 
all the work. He is one of the enterprising busi- 
ness men of Trenton Township, and has done much 
i » 





toward developing and building np the countj', 
and among the citizens of Henry County none 
deserve more iionor tlian he. 

'■ " t S^^ 

ir and farmer, 

County, N. J., in 1 8.32, and is the son of Cor- 
nelius V. and Joanna (Rogers) Conover. Both 
were n.itives of that State, of German ancestr}', al- 
though for five generations they rank as native 
Americans. Joanna Rogers was three weeks old 
when the battle of Monmouth was fought, and her 
parents resided at Penolopen during the progress of 
that war. After their marriage Cornelius and 
Joanna began domestic life upon a farm in New Jer- 
sey, and there all their children were born. They 
are: Cornelius, now a farmer of Monmouth County, 
■N. J. ; George H. ; Samuel, deceased ; Marj- M. ; Jo- 
anna B. ; Ann and Charlotte L. 

Our subject learned his trade in New York City 
with Ills uncle, E. F. Rogers, a noted .irchitect and 
builder. He completed the palatial residences of 
Cyrus W. Field, the great telegraph monopolist, at 
the corner of Twenty -first street and Lexington 
avenue, and the philanthropist, Peter Cooper's, at 
the corner of Lexington avenue and Twenty-.sec- 
ond street, besides many other buildings of note. 
After four years' residence in New York City, 
George Conover came west to visit his uncle, John 
T. Rogers, who at that time resided on the Calvin 
Burrows farm in Jefferson Township. .Seeing a 
great future for the new country he was easily pre- 
vailed upon to make this his home, and at once be- 
gan work at his trade, his first job contracted for be- 
ing the elegant residence of Jacob Moore, which was 
completed at a cost of ijifi.OOO, and was tiie liiiest resi- 
dence ever erected in Jefferson Township. It was 
later destroyed bj- lire. lie built the Trenton 
Presbyterian Church in 1868, also the Rus.sell .school- 
house, the Foster school building, the Union School 
in Wayne Township, the Crawford School, and also 
the fine farm residences of John Montgomery, 
Perrj' Morrison, John Felger, Dr. Leeper, Oliver 
Stephenson, Evan Davis, and a iiost of others of 

greater or less importance. For thirty-one yeare 
Mr. Conover has been the most prominent con- 
tractor and builder in tiie northern part of the 
coinit^' and formerly emplo3'ed a large number of 
hands. The past three years his sons have aided in 
the work, the two eldest having become finished 
workmen and the third le.irning the trade. 

Mr. Conover was married, in 1856, to Adelaide, 
daughter of George W. an^ Rebecca (Rame) 
Kingsbury, who came from Indiana to Henry 
County in 1855, and who, after a twelve years' resi- 
dence in Henry Count3- removed to Labette Count}', 
Kan., where the widowed mother and other mem- 
bers of the family yet reside. Jlr. and Mrs. Cono- 
ver have had twelve children, of whom but five 
are now living, namely: Edmund F., who has been 
twice married, first to Ida Fulton, and after her 
death to Miss Emma Ramer; Howard H., George 
W. ;Irvin and Florence, who are married. Ed- 
mund manages the home farm, the father giving 
all his attention to his trade. Living onl}- two 
miles from where he first located in the count}', Mr. 
Conover has perhaps done more in his line of busi- 
ness than any other man in the county. His skill in 
mechanics keeps him constantly employed. The farm 
upon which the famil}- has since resided was bought 
in 1862, and the fine residence built in 1873. Prom- 
inent in social .and business life, we are pleased to 
make this mention of one of the best known resi- 
dents of Henry County. 

The father of Mrs. Conover during his oar- 
Her years a mechanic, and was also a minister of 
the Baptist Church. In Indiana he was Judge of the 
Franklin County Court, and by that title he was 
familiarly known in this county. He died in his 
sixtieth year, in Labette County, Kan. Two 
grandchildren, Edua and James IL, are the favor- 
ites of the grandparents, and the same farm is the 
residence of both families, who live within easy 
walking distance of each other. We complete this 
family history with mention of the brothers and 
sisters of our subject and his wife, who are : 
Maryi M., wedded to James H. Hough, also a 
contractor and builder, of Brooklyn, N. Y. ; Ann, 
widow of John Lippincott, who during his life 
was a merchant of Freehold, N. J.: Charlotte L., 
wedded to John Bowden, also a resident of Free- 



■» .^ li- 







hold, N. J., and owner of a large tVnuKlry. Of Mrs. 
Conover's brothers and sisters, Theodosia wedded 
Jacob Rubel, a minister of Oswego County, 
Kan ; Theodore, deceased, was married to Hannah 
Hinebaugh, who resides in Labette County, Kan. ; 
Madison M. became the husband of Zettie Cosier, 
and resides in Oswego County, Kan., engaged in 
the wholesale drug business; Winfield Scott wedded 
K.ate Pliilpot, and resides in Missouri, where he is both 
a merchant and a farmer; William is the latter's 
partner in business, and the husband of Hattie 
Cosier; Joseph became the husband of Amelia Bur- 
rows, now deceased, and he is married again and 
operates a photograph gallery in Oswego, Kan.; 
Libbie married James Dickerman, a dealer in real 
estate in Oswego. 

THOMAS COAD, a farmer residing on section 
23, Canaan Township, Henry Co., Iowa, is 
of English ancestry. He is a son of John 
and Jennie (Jeffry) Coad, both natives of Devon- 
shire England, where they were married, and 
whence they came to America, about the year 
1827, settling in Westmoreland County, Pa. In 
1844 the family came to Iowa, settling in Des 
Moines County, near Burlington. VV^ith them from 
England came seven children, all born there : Louisa, 
widow of Isaac Coljbet, of Butler County, Pa. ; 
Edward married Nancy Ford, and resides in New 
Loudon Township; W^illiam wedded Mary A. Mc- 
Laughlin, and then came to Iowa, where they both 
died ; Priscilla, deceased, wedded Daniel Beer, of 
Pennsylvania, and came in 1844 to Iowa; Robert, 
deceased, married in Kentucky, and resided there 
the remainder of his life; Mary A. wedded Isaac 
Horn, and yet resides in Indiana County, Pa. ; John 
married in Builington, Margaret Thompson becom- 
ing his wife, and still resides in Des Moines County; 
Henry, the first son born in America, wedded Maria 
Riffle, and resides in Des Moines County; James 
wedded Susan Dixon, of Burlington, where they re- 
side, he being in the employ of the Chicago, Burling- 
ton & Quiney Railroad; Samuel wedded Annie 
O'Neil, of Oregon, and is engaged in farming in 
Salem, that State. 

^ ^« 

Thomas, our subject, and the youngest one of the 
family, was born in Westmoreland County. Pa., 
July 8, 1835. Since 1844 he has resided in South- 
eastern Iowa, and for twentj'-one 3-ears in Henrj' 
Count}'. He was a soldier, enlisting Oct. 11, 1861. 
in Company A, 14th Iowa Volunteers, and after 
two years' service, was mounted and became a mem- 
ber of the 7th Cavalry. The first three companies 
were assigned to the frontier service, taking the 
place of the regulars who were sent to the front. 
Until July, 1866, he was in active service in guard- 
ing the outposts from marauding Indians. 

After Mr. Coad returned from the war, he was 
united in marriage with Miss Emeline Hale, daugh- 
ter of John D. and Sarah (Lee) Hale, old settlers of 
this county, and highly respected people. The 
ceremony was performed Dec. 12, 1869, Rev. James 
Haines, a Methodist Episcopal minister, officiating. 
Their domestic life began on the farm of Mr. Hale, 
and after a few years Mr. Coad removed to his 
own farm in the same neighborhood that he had im- 
proved. This was afterward sold, and his present 
farm of 160 acres was purchased, to which he re- 
moved in 1880. His new residence was completed 
in 1 887 at a cost of $2,000, it being one of the finest 
in the township. Truly it is a fitting home for a 
man who has done so much to improve the countiy, 
and surelj- no happier one can be found. 

The children are John M., Harry E., Laura M., 
Minnie L. and Edgar T. The eldest and youngest 
are deceased. Mr. Coad is a Republican in politics. 
His wife is a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, known as Trinity Chapel. 

^'AMES SNYDER, a farmer residing on sec- 
tion 25, Canaan Township, Henry Co., Iowa, 
was born in Marshall County, W. Va., April 
_ 21, 1830, and is a son of Andrew and S.arah 
(Baker) Snyder. Andrew Snyder was born in 
Jefferson County, Ohio, and Sarah Baker in Mar- 
shall County, Va. George Snyder was the grand- 
father of our subject and a Pennsylvanian German 
by birth and parentage. He married Rachel Taff 
in Pennsylvania, then removed to Virginia, and 
from thence to Highland County, Ohio, their last 



'► J i 4» 





daj'Si being speut in Brown C'dunty, where they died 
and were buried. They were parents of Samuel, 
Hiram, William. Adam, Peter, Andrew, Mary A., 
Nancy and Kittie. Of these, Adam, and probablj- 
Peter, are living, the first in Centerville, Iowa, the 
latter in Ladoga, Ind. 

Andrew Snyder went to Virginia, and there mar- 
ried Miss Sarah Baker about 1827. She was a 
daughter of George and Sarah Baker, who resided 
on a farm in that county. After a married life of 
eighteen years in V^irginia, during which time eight 
children were born, the family removed to Iowa, 
settling in Des Moines County, near Danville, in 
1844. The children were Rachel, wife of Oliver 
Little; James, our subject; Elizabeth, who resides 
with him: Mary A., who died unmarried; Caroline, 
who wedded James Crogan; Sarah, wife of Charles 
Crocker: William W.. who died in childhood, and 
Lou J., wife of E. A. Miller. Mr. Snyder pur- 
chased a half section of land in Des Moines County 
and erected a log house, which has long since been 
torn down. Under its roof were born Theo. 
B., an attorney-at-law in Burlington aa4/the hus- 
band of Mary L. Dorgan, and Wilbur, a resiclfent 
farmer of Pleasant Grove Township, who married 
Nellie Burns, of Des Moines County-. For thirt\'- 
seven happy years the parents lived on their old 
homestead, when the mother was taken from them, 
the father living three years longer, when he too 
died, on the old homestead. 

The pioneer life of Mr. and Mrs. Snyder was 
shared in its fullest sense. The imjoroving of a 
new farm was not such a hardship for them as for 
many, thej' living so near the city of Burlington. 
Their lands were productive, and their children 
grew to man and womanhood, bringing gladness 
and joy to the old homestead. All except one had 
reached maturity at the time of the mother's death, 
which occurred in December, 1882. Her remains 
were interred near the old family mansion in Pleas- 
ant Grove Township. She reached the mature age 
of seventy-four, and her funeral obsequies were 
held on Christmas Day in 1882. The husband sur- 
vived until 188.5. and all that was mortal of the 
pioneer was laid to rest by the side of the wife he 
had loved so well. The very advanced age of 
eighty-three had been reached by that patriarch. 

who had held in his arms a score and a half of 
grandchildren, some of whom are now parents. 
Andrew Snyder was a quiet and good citizen, 
always a farmer, and his children were early taught 
habits of thrift and sobriety. 

Our subject gi-ew to manhood in Des Moines 
Count\'. He was united in marriage with Miss 
Mahala Doty, Nov. 27, 1859, Rev. G. B. Bowman, 
President of Cornell College, Mt. Vernon, Linn 
Co., Iowa, performing the ceremony at the 
residence of the bride's mother in Linn Countj\ 
Ephraim Doty, the father of Mrs. Snyder, was born 
in Ohio County, Va., and wedded Mary Snyder in 
that State. They removed to Highland County, 
and thence to Williams County, Ohio, where his 
death occurred in the autumn of 1844. He was 
the father of twelve children, the eldest of whom 
were born in Virginia. His widow came to 
Iowa the same year, locating at Mt. Vernon, Linn 
County, where she remained until her death, in 
August, 1881. Her house was the home of all her 
fatherless children except the eldest, who married 
in Ohio. We are pleased to give not onlj* the 
names, but the wives and husbands of those 
•children, who were pioneers in Southeastern 
Iowa : Rachel manned Caleb Richart, who died in 
phiof Kittie A. became the wife of Barnej' 
Pettj'court, of Williams Count3\ Ohio: Abner, 
husband of Mary A. Barnes, died in Western Ne- 
braska; Mary A. wedded Horatio Wtilker, and 
resides in Buchanan County, Iowa; Phiebe became 
the wife of Chauncy Blodgett, of Mt. Vernon, 
Iowa; Andrew married Hannah McElro}', and was 
killed at the battle of Champion Hills, where his 
bodj- was buried; George W. was killed at the bat- 
tle of Pittsburg Landing, and was burled in the 
National Cemetery there; Minerva, wife of Joseph 
S. Cookus, of Crete, Neb. ; Mahala, wife of our 
subject, is a twin sister of Minerva; Ephraim mar- 
ried Emily L. Jenks. and resides in Mt. Vernon, and 
with Ruah, his sister, formed another pair of twins. 
She wedded Christian Cordes, of the same village, 
and Eliz.abfth became the wife of Peter H. H. 
Kepler, also of Mt. Vernon. 

Six years after the marriage of our subject he 
removed to Henry Countv and purchased a farm, 
upon which he now lives. Not a tree was standing 








299 , , 

uor a furrow tinned uijon this tract, but from the 
beginning a farm has been made, substantial im- 
provements erected, and for years Mr. Snyder has 
been recognized as one of the leading farmers of 
Canaan Township. Mr. and Mrs. Snyder are the 
parents of six children: Virginia A., wife of W. 
H. Deal, of Scott Township; Rachel F., wife of J. 
H. Forbes, a resident farmer of Crawford, Neb.; 
Charles W., James P]., Wilbur D. and Howard T., 
complete the family and are all beneath the paternal 
roof. Both the daughters were educated at Howe's 
Academy, and were engaged in teaching in this and 
Des Moines County prior to their marriage. Since 
1865 Mr. Snyder and his family have been honored 
residents of Canaan Township, and as such we 
desire to do them justice and give them the credit 
they deserve for the part taken in the development 
of this goodly land. 


A J. 



EONARD FARR, a retired f.armer, resides 
■ ^ at Mt. Pleasant. He was a pioneer in Iowa 
^ of 1841, and has been a resident of Henry 
County'since 1848. He was born in Huntington, 
Crittenden. Co., Vt., April 1, 1814, and is the son 
of Artemas and Mercy (Fitch") Farr. His father 
was born at Tinraouth, Conn., in 1781, and removed 
to the wilds of Vermont with his family when but 
a lad. He was a soldier of the War of 1812, and 
commanded a company of volunteers at the battle 
of Plattsburg. A farmer by occupation, he emi- 
grated to Ohio in 1824, settling in Butler Countj', 
where he was engaged in his chosen vocation. He 
came to Iowa at the time of the land sales, in 1839, 
and purchased claims in Henry County, returned 
east, and moved to Henry County in 1841, and 
settled in New London Township. He died near 
Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, Oct. 18, 1844. The paternal 
grandfather of Leonard emigrated from Wales to 
America in Colonial days, and settled in Martha's 
Vineyard. Leonard's mother, Mercy Fitch Farr, 
was born in Coventry, Conn. Her father, John 
Fitch, was also a native of that place, and came of 
old New England stock. Her mother's father was 
Maj. Elias Buell, an officer of the war of the nevo- 
id.— ---^—-—-^^— -——___ 

lutiun. Her uncle, Hon. Jesse Buell, of Coventry, 
Conn., and later of Albany, N. Y., was a prominent 
man of his day, being an eminent agriculturist and 
horticulturist of those early times, the publisher of 
the pioneer agricultural journal in this countrj', 
the well-known Culiivator and Country Gentleman, 
of Albany, N. Y., .and a leading man of that place. 
The Buell farail}' trace their descent from the 
nobility of England. William Buell, the founder 
of the family in America, came from England in 
the year 1630, and landed at Pl3'mouth Colony, 
Mass. The family subsequently settled at Coventry, 
Conn., and to-day their, descendants are to be found 
in every State in the Union, many of them having 
distinguished themselves as soldiers. Statesmen, and 
in the private walks of life. 

Leonard Farr received his primary education In 
the district school, and pursued his studies at the 
Hudson River Seminary, Kinderhook, N. Y., .and 
at the Burr Seminary, Manchester, Vt. AVhen 
nineteen years of age he commenced teaching 
school in Butler County, Ohio, and followed that 
calling in that count}' until 1838, when he removed 
to Rushville, Ind., where he was similarly engaged 
for one year. He spent the years 1839 and 1840 
in traveling and teaching in the Southern States. 
In the latter part of 1840 he located in Augusta 
County, Va., and taught school in that county until 
December, 1848. He was married, Feb. 22,1848, 
to Miss Margaret D. Bush, a daughter of John 
Bush, a resident of Augusta County, Va. Previ- 
ous to this time Mr. Farr had made several trips to 
Henry County, Iowa, the first being in 1841, when 
he purchased some land. He back and forth 
afterward three or four times, seeing to its im« 
provement, and in 1 848 he removed west and made 
his home at Mt. Pleasant. In 1855 he bought the 
seminar}' property at Salem, and conducted that insti- 
tution until the fall of 1856, following which he 
and his wife traveled east for two years. Returning 
to Iowa, he settled on his farm near Salem, in Salem 
Township, where he remained five years, and then 
moved to the city of Mt. Pleasant, where he has 
since continued to reside. In his life-work he has 
been reasonably successful, having at the present 
time some 1,600 acres of land, 1,300 of which lie 
in a body in Salem Township. 

»HB— «<• 




From its organization until 1870 Mr. F.arr was a 
member of the Republican party, since which time 
he has acted with the Greenback part3^ In 1868 
he was elected Superintendent of Public Schools of 
Henry County, and served with his characteristic 
abilit3' one term. Religiously he is identified with 
and is a member of the Christian Church, and has 
contributed liberally to religious and educational 
institutions. While unpretending and disposed to 
avoid being thought a philanthropist, he is broad, 
liberal and humane in his views, and is ever ready 
to lend himself to the support of worthy objects. 
He gave twelve acres of land with good buildings 
to the Christian Church in Mt. Pleasant, the pro- 
ceeds of which go toward the support of the 
church, of which he and his wife are prominent 
members. His home is on the corner of Clay and 
Marion streets, and a fine view of it is given in this 
work. Portraits of this well-known citizen and his 
wife will also be found on preceding pages. 


\f? EVI CAMMOCK, who is now a retired 
I (© farmer, lesiding in Salem Township, Henry 
jlL^ Co., Iowa, was born in Greene County, 
Ohio, Nov. 4, 1815, and is the son of John and 
Jane (Ilollingsworlh) Cammock. The grandfather, 
James Cammock, was born in Scotland, but went 
with his parents to p]ngland, and subsequently, in 
1780, to North Carolina, where he was twice mar- 
ried. His first union was with Ann Inscoe, who was 
the mother of John Cammock. James Cammock 
removed to Greene County, Ohio, where he was one 
of the first settlers. Later he removed to W.ayne 
County, Ind., and there died. 

In Greene County, Ohio, John Cammock was 
man-led and there sevieral of his children were born: 
Janu'S, who wedded Penina Cook, and after her 
death Edith Pearson, is a farmer, residing in Ham- 
ilton County, Ind.; Henry married Sally Horn, and 
resides in Rush County, Ind.; Levi, our subject, 
and Ira. In the spring of 1816 John Cammock 
settled in Wayne County, Ind., and entered eighty 
acres of land, building his own log cabin, and 
enduring all the hardships of true pioneer life. Indi- 
ana was very sparsely settled at that date, but the 

Cammock families were of the enterjnising kind 
that soon made homes in the wild woods, and from 
their toil a competence was in after years secured. 
Other children were born in that State : Elihu, who 
mairied Rebecca Wiggs, and afterward Remina, 
widow of his brother Martin, is a resident of Mar- 
shalltown, Iowa; Martin, deceased, married Anna 
Wiggs, and after her death Remina Davis, the lady 
now the wife of Elihu; Johanna, deceased, married 
Jesse Morris, and died in Reed County, Ind. ; Elijah, 
a resident of Hamilton County, Ind., wedded 
Marj' Jay ; William married Hannah Horn, and 
resides in Miami C(»unty, Ind.; Sarah wedded 
Thomas Knight, but after their removal to Iowa 
she died; Mary died in Indiana, and two other 
children died in infancy. 

The parents and ancestors of our subject for 
generations back were Quakers of the strictest 
sort. They were among the first of their faith in 
both North Carolina and Indiana, and in the latter 
State botii the parents of Levi Cammock were bur- 
ied. He was left fatherless at thirteen years of age. 
He was reared on the Indiana farm, and from boy- 
hood until he left that State was engaged in grub- 
bing the stumps, felling trees, rolling and burning 
the logs, and doing everything that a lad could do to 
aid in clearing up a farm and make a start in life. 
When his wedding was celebrated, he was barely 
past his seventeenth birthday, and as the historian 
is writing Uncle Levi makes the remark, "This is 
m}- fifty-fourth marriage annivcrsarj', the 19th day 
of September, 1887. I was married in a Quaker 
Church, according to their customs." His wife, 
Elizabetli Frazior, was eighteen months his senior, 
but during their long lifetime and through all the 
tribulations and struggles of their earlier years she 
was ever devoted, tender and true. Uncle Levi says 
the}' had not a dollar in the woild but were fully 
determined to make the best of life, let come what 
would. Mrs. Cammock's mother w.ns a widow, and 
owned eighty acres (if land, upon one corner of 
which Levi built a pole cal)in, and Jlrs. Frazler 
gave them a few things to commence housekeeping 
with. He relates with glee how he had to make 
rails at tlilrtj'-sevcn cents perlnindrcd to [lav for his 
wedding clothes, but notwithstanding all this, the}' 








Deciding to move further west, we will follow 
for a time their fortune. Uncle Levi states: "We 
left our little cabin in the green woods May 10» 
1837, having a good wife, two little children, and 
an old wagon to which was hitched three yoke of 
small young cattle." In his pockets reposed twelve 
silver dollars, and it was his intention to return if 
|6 of the same were spent when his journej' was 
half completed. There were forty-five souls in the 
colony that were en route to Iowa, all Quakers, and 
a herd of cattle and hogs was driven by members 
of the party in the rear of the caravan. The roads 
were not graded, nor were man}' of the streams 
bridged, but day after Any the troops made prog- 
ress, yet the trip required almost six weeks. They 
crossed the Mississippi at Ft. Madison, June 14, 
1837, and camped on this side of the river. That 
night a steamboat came up the river and frightened 
the stock, causing a general stampede, and the}- 
were all the next day in getting them together 
again. The next night the company reached West 
Point, and as it looked like rain, on account of his 
wife and children Mr. Cammock concluded to sleep 
in the hotel. This was a log house with a sod 
chimney, which on top was surmounted with a salt 
barrel to add to its height and give it a better 
draught. Mr. Cammock looked over his cash, 
found $1, and when the bill was paid next morning 
received seventy -five cents in change, which consti- 
tuted the capital from which he later built up an 
immense landed estate. The next night the party 
encamped within sight of where we are now writ- 
ing. Aunt Polly Pugh was then in her new cabin, 
of which mention is made elsewhere, it being the 
onl3' house in sight. The horses and cattle were 
turned loose to range across the prairies, where 
until that time nothing fed except wild deer and 
wolves, and the white man had scarcely a dwelling- 
place. The next day was spent in visiting Uncle 
Aaron Street, who lived farther up the Little Ce- 
dar. On Monday the wagons were unloaded, and 
Levi, Thomas Cook, and Mrs. Frazier's families, 
made one household for the season. They at once 
went to work, and by Saturdaj' week had the cabin 
built in Salem on a lot donated by Mr. Street. The 
last seventy-five cents owned by Levi purchased 
corn meal, and again he was even with the world. 

He was furnished with money by the neighbors, 
and started back to Illinois with his oxen for meal. 
He made two trips for meal and one for bacon 
during the fall. He then went to Adams County, 
111., for hogs, in company with Henry Johnson. 
They drove them home, buttheir trip made in three 
days was a terrible one. Over night the wolves 
would fight with them and a continuous squealing 
and howling was kept up. His boots were carried 
on his arm, and the long frozen prairie grass cut 
the woolen stockings from his feet as he trudged 
over the frozen ground, but he persevered and 
brought in the stock. He paid §12 for a bushel of 
salt to cure his meat, and that winter salt was worth 
$60 per barrel. He turned his cattle on brush 
along Skunk River during the winter and spring, 
and in the spring of 1838 bought a claim on the 
half section where he now resides, upon which 
he built a cabin-. That fall the land came into market, 
and Mr. Cammock and other men in the neighbor- 
hood went to Burlington to attend the land sale. 
Scarcely any of them had a dollar, but they in- 
tended getting money of brokers at Burlington, 
paying fifty per cent, but b}- good luck Mr. Cam- 
mock's uncle, Reuben, arrived at the same time 
with $100 belonging to Levi, who, by borrowing 
$100 from Jones Richey at fifty per cent, entered 
one and one-fourth sections. He became a very 
prosperous man, and during his business life was 
one of the largest dealers in stock in Southeastern 
Iowa. He has 'owned thirteen 80-acre tracts of 
land during his residence here, and has put under 
fence and cultivation since coming, 15,000 acres, 
building four good houses, and at one time owned 
640 acres in one body. His kindliness of heart has, 
however, caused him the loss of almost his entire 
fortune. Security debts by the thousands of dol- 
lars melted it away like snow before a summer's 
sun. For one man he paid $20,000 and for others 
larger amounts. 

The home of Levi Cammock was always rioted 
for its hospitality, and his genial manner and their 
well-spread board were known to all both far and 
wide. The death of his first wife occurred in 1865. 
Every pioneer grieved when that most estimable 
lady passed from earth. She was tender, kind and 
true. Her love of home, devotion to her husband, 



^^» ^ ll ■» 





children .aiu) friends, was an axiom in tliis comnin- 
nit}'. She was the mother of three sons and six 
daughtei's, all of whom are married except one 
daugliter who is deceased. 

On the 9lh of September, 1865, he was again 
married, to Ann Wilcoxon, who has borne him one 
daughter, Laura B. The blood of Levi Cammock 
flows in the veins of fifty grandchildren and nine 
great-grandchildren; all the latter are sons. Who 
can air a prouder name than a Cammock.'' Who has 
done more to develop and support tiiis countj' with 
her schools, her churches and her colleges than our 
subject? Methinks not one. In a lifetime of almost 
half a century he has wielded an influence in this 
community unsurpassed by any man a resident of 
Salem Township. Business, and nothing but business, 
has been his watchword. In conclusion, he is now 
seventy 3'ears of age, has never used tobacco in 
any form, never tasted anj' kind of spirits, tea or 
coffee, and never used a pair of spectacles. He is 
to-day mentally as brilliant as when thirty years of 
age, and despite his reverses of fortune is the same 
hale, genial, Levi Cammock as in the pioneer days 
of 1837. 

^ OHN SAVAGE, farmer, was born in North- 
amptonshire, England, Jan. 22,1838, and is 
a son of William and Marj' (Worrall) Sav- 
age. William Savage was born in the same 
shire, and Mary, his wife, in Warwickshire, in the 
city of Coventry. William and his father, John 
Savage, Sr.. were both tailors, and during a long 
term of years William worked in London and 

In London his marriage was celebrated Aug. 4, 
1829, at St. Pancreas Church, in the county of Mid- 
dlesex. In London their first son, John, was born, 
whose death occurred in infancy. Not long after- 
ward Mr. Savage removed to Northamptonshire, 
to Greens-Norton, where Rosa, who is now the 
wife of David Burton, of Salem, was born. Rosa's 
birth was followed by that of Mary, wife of Ed- 
ward Simkin, a carpenter of Salem, formerly a 
farmer. Then came John, our subject, and 
Thomas W., deceased, who was wounded during 

the late war, his death occurring eleven da3-s after. 
He was a member of Company K, 19th Iowa Regi- 
ment, and had been but two months in the service 
when his death occurred, he having not yet reached 
his majority. The Savage family removed from 
England to America, landing in New York May 1, 
1 846, after a voyage lasting two months. His un- 
cle, Samuel Savage, was one of the leading Friends 
in the township of Venice, Cayuga Co., N. Y., and 
to that point William made his way. The family 
were warmly welcomed, and Samuel, who was also a 
tailor, advised William to locate in the same town- 
ship, on the Poplar Ridge Road. William engaged 
in business there for nine \'ears. Our subject was 
then a lad grown old enough to work, and his father's 
trade was too confining for the boy, so he engaged 
at farm work for a farmer living in the neighbor- 
hood, at $1..50 per month, and liking it very much, 
he prevailed upon his parents to go farther west, 
and in 18')5 the family removed to Iowa, making a 
landing at Burlington. 

Dr. Thomas Siveter, a well-known resident of 
Salem, had been somewhat in correspondence with 
Mr. Savage, and being also a native of England, 
tendered the hospitalities of his home to the famil3' 
until they could look over the countrj-. The offer 
was accepted, and a team carried them to Salem 
soon after their arrival at Burlington. The next 
day rooms were rented in Salem, and William and 
our subject drove over the country and selected the 
tract now the home farm (if John Savage. The 
family removed within a few days to their new 
home, consisting of a small house of two rooms 
and thirty acres of cleared land, and in the same 
year an ox-team was purchased and in the autumn 
of 1 8o5 the first crop was harvested. The parents 
both lived and died on this farm, and for several 
years prior to the death of the father John managed 
the place. The family' were only in moderate cir- 
cuiostances, but their last days were spent in an easy 
manner. William Savage and his wife were devoted 
Christi.ins. For man}' 3'ears he was a leader of the 
Methodist Episcopal class at Wesle}" Chapel, near 

The marriage of John Savage to Miss Tacy D., 
daughter of Walter and Sarah Crew, was celebrated 
Oct. 24, 1862; she was born Sept. 14, 1834. (An 







interesting histoiy of her family appears elsewhere.) 
The domestic life of our subject and his young 
wife was begun on the farm of Charles Poulter, his 
brother-in-law, he, liowever, managing the farm of 
his father. One year later he completed a room in 
the Savage residence, and brought his young wife 
to the farm upon which they have since lived, and 
all their children except Nellie, the eldest daughter, 
were born in the old farmhouse of their grand- 
father. The famil}' was composed of eleven chil- 
dren — Nellie M., Jennie T.; Thomas E. and Alice 
S., twins; Walter H. and William, twins, the lat- 
ter deceased ; Sarah, deceased ; then William C. and 
John R., twins, Samuel M. and David L. After the 
death of his parents our subject became sole owner 
of the homestead. He had, however, purchased 
other lands, and his successors have since added 
man}' broad acres to his domain. The children old 
enough to learn have a substantial education, and 
Jennie, Alice and Thomas hold certificates entitling 
them to teach in the schools of this county. 
Thomas and Jennie have both been engaged in that 
profession, the former now having charge of a school. 
Several terms were taken by them in Whittier Col- 
lege and in tlie schools of Salem, and we are pleased 
to observe that the children of such parents have all 
a literary taste. 

Mr. Savage had secured a good education before 
his parents came to this State, and prior to his mar- 
riage he had taught several terms of school in this 
county, the first of which was in what was known 
as District No. 7, which is now consolidated with 
another. Continuously, with two exceptions, Mr. 
Savage tauglit for seventeen consecutive winters, 
and many of the middle-aged residents in this 
township were former students under his tutel- 
age. For many years Mr. Savage has been a mem- 
ber of the School Board, and a long while before 
and until the school districts became independent, 
he was Treasurer of the School District Township 
Board of .Salem. In 1883 he was elected Assessor 
of Salem 'I'ownship, serving two years. Mr. Savage 
now gives his entire attention to the management 
of his farms, which have increased from a 60-acre 
tract in 1871, to 340 acres in 1887. This is indic- 
ative of his energy and good management, and 
few men have a better business record. Politically, 

he has acted with the Republican party sinc§ its 
organization, but of late has leaned strongly to the 
cause of prohibition, of which he is an ardent advo- 

Mrs. Savage has for some time past been an inva- 
lid, but bears her suffering with Christian pa- 
tience and resignation. By birthright, she was a 
member of the Society of Friends. She has ever 
proved herself a sincere Christian, a faithful and 
devoted wife and loving mother. 



F. MORRIS is a merchant and dealer in 
stock in the new town of Coppack, where 
he and his wife do the principal business in 
the mercantile, stock, grain and millinery 
Mr. Morris is a native of Indiana, born 
near Knightstown, Henry County, in 1840. His 
fatiier, Benjamin F. Morris, died in that State, and 
with the widowed mother our subject came to Jef- 
ferson County, Iowa, in 1857. She was a Miss 
Catherine Williams, and was the mother of ten 
children: Lucinda, now wife of William Huddle- 
son; Hannah, deceased wife of Joseph Wiggins; 
Levi, husband of Mrs. Sarah (Tracy) Flannigan; 
William, wedded to Miss HoUingsworth ; Lavina, 
wife of David Hoilopeter; Cyrus, who wedded Ra- 
chel Echroid; Martin, the husband of Minnie 
Williams; Benjamin F., our subject; Kate, who died 
unmarried; and Louisa, the wife of Thaddeus 
Cooper, completed the number, all of whom, except 
Lucinda, Louisa and Hannah, came to Iowa. The 
family removed from Jefferson County, and located 
near Brighton, Washington County, the mother 
finally selling her place and living with her chil- 
dren. She died in Keokuk County, where Keota now 

Our subject, Benjamin F. Morris, engaged in 
farming in Washington County until 1867, when 
he bought a farm near Sigourney, Keokuk Co., 
Iowa, which he sold two years later, removing 
to West Grove, Davis Co., Iowa, and emiiarkiiig 
in mercantile pursuits. A few years later he sold 
out and rented the farm of his wife's father in Jef- 
ferson County. Two years later he bought the lat- 
ter's business at Brighton, which he carried on there 

: «^ 








for a year, then removing to Wayland, in this 
county, in which village he and his wife remained 
in business for nearly ten years, then selling out and 
going back to his own farm in Jefferson Township. 
Farming did not satisfi' his energetic temperament, 
and in 1886 he built his present store in the new vil- 
lage of Coppack, adjoining the depot of the Iowa 
Central Railroad, where he is doing a flourishing 
trade. In October, 1866, he was married to Eliza A. 
Wood, a daughter of Charles and Catharine (Freder- 
ick) Wood, of Jefferson County, both natives of 
Ohio, coming from that to this State in 1 840, making 
them among the earlj' settlers of Jefferson Coimtj-. 
There Mrs. Morris was born, reared, educated and 
married. Mr. Morris now owns 450 acres of land 
in a bod}", adjoining the village of Coppack. Mrs. 
Morris was the first lady who did a millinery busi- 
ness at Wayland, and also in the future history' of 
Coppack can claim the same distinction. .She is a 
practical business ladj', and during her girlhood 
was a teacher for three years in Washington, Jeffer- 
son and Henry Counties. For twenty years she has 
aided her husband as clerk and counselor, and while 
he purchases and ships grain and stock, she man- 
ages the store and office of the Iowa Central Rail- 
road, of which he is Station Agent. They carry a 
stock of general merchandise of over $4,000, and 
do an annual trade of perhaps $9,000. No heirs 
have come to grace their home, but the}' are rearing 
a nephew, Charles Frederick, a son of Martin Mor- 
ris. In connection with his other business, Mr. 
Morris manages his extensive farm, and this is indic- 
ative of his enterprise, and also adds to his bank 
account. We are pleased to welcome Mr. and Mrs. 
Morris to a place in this volume. 

HARLES L. MOREHOUS, editor and pro- 
prietor of the Jit. Pleasant Evening Nev:s 
and Weekly Independent, was born in the State 
of New York June 13, 1830. His parents were 
among the early settlers in Ohio, to which State 
they removed in 1833, going to New York in 1835, 
and returning to Ohio in 1839. In 1853 they re- 
moved to Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, our subject coming 
with them. His father, George W. Morehous, was 
a cattle-dealer and stockman, but since coming to 


this count}' has principally lived a retired life. He 
is still living, in his eighty-eighth year, in Wash- 
ington, Iowa, of which place he has been a resident 
for over thirty years. His mother, whose name was 
Elizabeth Ann, died in 1886, aged eighty-six years. 
George W. Morehous is a prominent and honored 
member of the Masonic fraternity. He was the 
projector and principal oi'ganizer of Henry Chap- 
ter No. 8, R. A. M., in Mt. Pleasant. He has been 
a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church for 
nearly sixty-five years. Mr. and Mrs. Morehous 
were the parents of twelve children, of whom the 
following-named five are deceased : Lucretia, Cor- 
nelius B., Abigail, George W., and an unnamed in- 
fant. The survivors are: Philo D., a resident of 
Washington, Iowa, where he has kept a hotel for 
twenty-five years; Alice Ann, wife of Rev. Cad- 
wallader, living at Jacksonville, Fla. ; George W. 
(2d), who is a mine owner at Star City, Utah, was 
foreman of the grand jury which indicted John D. 
Lee ; John W., a fanner at Nephi, Utah, was Deputy 
Sheriff at the time of the conviction of Lee : Rosana, 
widow of William Timberlake, now living in Har- 
rison County, Ohio; Parker A., an engineer living 
at Baraboo, Wis., and Charles L., our subject. The 
latter learned the trade of a printer at Rochester, N. 
Y., and has been connected with it all his mature 
life, and since his removal to Iowa has been con- 
nected with many newspaper enterprises. In 1859 
he removed to Washington, Iowa. In 1865 he 
went to Ft. Madison, and established there the 
' Democrat^ a Republican paper, which he conducted 
until 1868, when he sold it out and returned to Mt. 
; Pleasant, which he has ever since considered his 
I home, and where his family have liveil most of the 
I time. In 1869 Mr. Morehous established the Salem 
Register, and in 1872 the Mt. Pleasant Daily Re- 
porter, which lie sold in 1880, and in the year 1881 
began the publication of the Enterprise, in Iledrick, 
Keokuk Co., Iowa. His next venture was the 
Journal, at Williamsburg. Iowa County, which he 
began in 1883. Returning to Mt. Ple.isant. he es- 
tablished the Daily News and Weekly Independent, 
the first number being issued Dec. 26, 1884. He is 
still at tlie helm of these enterprises, and the Neivs 
is a bright newsy afternoon paper, which Mt. Pleas- 
ant people could not now do without. 







Mr. Morehous was married, Dec. 24, 1853, to 
Elizal)eth A., daughter of William and Sarah E. 
Meredith. She wasboru in Indiana, Feb. 18, 1832. 
Her father was a machinist by trade, and removed 
from Greensbnrgto Mt. Pleasant in the fall of 1850' 
In 1 852 he started for California, but died of cholera 
when near Ft. Laramie. His widow continued to 
live in Mt. Pleasant, where she died in May, 1875, 
at the age of sixtv-S(^ven. 

Tiie union of Mr. and Mrs. Morehous was blessed 
with three children. The oldest son, James Frank- 
lin, is married to Nellie Clark, whose parents came 
to Henr3- County from Boston, and lived here a few 
years, when they returned to Massachusetts, where 
both now reside. James F. has one child, named 
Ethel. A daughter, Laura Belle, is the wife of At- 
wood T. Porter, and a resident of Canton, 111. The 
youngest of the family is Frederick D., who is mar- 
ried, assists his father on the newspaper, and lives 
with his pai-ents. Mr. Morehous and wife are estima- 
ble people, wht) have the respect of all who know 

a^/ C. MARTIN, a farmer residing on section 
JU 10, Jefferson Township, Henry Co., Iowa, 
jTli ^^'■is born in Greene Count}-, Pa., April 8, 
ijl 1834, and is a son of Bonham and PhcBbe 

(Conkling) Martin, both natives of Greene County, 
Pa., where the}' were reared and married. The 
origin of the family is presumably German, as the 
grandparents spoke the German language. Louis 
Martin was the grandfather of our suliject, and 
both himself and wife lived and died in Greene 
County, they each being over ninety years of age. 
They reared a family consisting of James, Daniel, 
William, John, Bonham, Hannah, Mar^- and Bettie. 
All of these were married except Mary, but Bon- 
ham, the father of our subject, is the oul^y one who 
came to Iowa. Perliaps none of these children are 
living, at least no obtainable facts can be secured. 
All the children of Bonham Martin and wife were 
born in Greene County, Pa., and with the excep- 
tion of the two eldest, came with their parents to 
this State in the spring of 1845. All finally be- 
came residents, however, of Henry County . of whom 

A. C. Martin is the only representative in this 
State. Bonham Martin entered the southeast quar- 
ter of section 1, in Jefferson Township, this county, 
but really began making a farm and home on the 
east half of section 11, but this was entered after 
his settlement bj- another man, and Bonham had to 
purchase it of the man, although b}^ right its real 
possessor. The tract on section 1 , and au 80-acre 
tract in Washington County, were entered with a 
soldier's warrant, which two of his sons improved, 
the father making his home during the remainder 
of his lifetime on section 11. For almost thirty 
years Bonham Martin resided on that ti-act. His 
wife died in 1865, aged sixty-eight 3-ears. Ten 
children graced the union. Susannah, now deceased, 
the eldest daughter, married Henry Ro6p in Penn- 
sylvania; they removed to this county and later to 
Schuyler County, Mo., where her death occurred. 
Louis died in Pennsylvania unmarried: Ananias 
also mari'ied in Pennsylvania, Margaret McCormick 
becoming his wife; her death occurred in Ore- 
gon, where he yet resides, and is the husband of 
Mrs. E. T. Mitchell. Daniel wedded Rachel Pech- 
over, and resides in Schuyler Countj-. Mo.; James 
M. became the husband of Caroline Mathew, also 
of Schuyler Count}-. Mo., then comes our subject, 
followed b}- Simon, who wedded Adeline Mathew; 
Elizabeth wedded Amos Adams, of Jefferson Town- 
ship; two children, Samuel and David, died in Penn- 
sylvania, which completes the family. After the 
death of his wife, Bonham Martin married Miss 
Ester ileyer, of Washington, in Washington County, 
who became the mother of two children: Ella, wife 
of Silas B. White, of Keokuk County; and Frank, 
now a lad of twelve years. The death of Bonham 
Martin occurred in 1876, being then in his seventy- 
seventh year. His widow yet resides in Washing- 
ton. Iowa. 

A. C. Martin, our subject, was married, Dec. 25, 
1856, to Miss Sadie M. Matthews, whose parents, 
Madison and Lanah (Coleman) Matthews, came 
from Gallia, Ohio, to this county in 1849, locating 
on section 2, Jefferson Tosvnship. bringing two chil- 
dren, Sadie M. and Ester C. After their coming 
four other children were born — Charlotte, Brazilla. 
Catherine E. and Emma R. The parents are yet 
living ou the same section, where for thirty-seven 








years everything wliich brings joy and happiness 
to a home has been theirs. All their chiklren are 
married : Ester is the wife of W. W. Woods, of Jef- 
ferson Township; Charlotte became the wife of 
Harvey Leeper; Catherine is the wife of Andrew 
Johnson ; and Emma is the wife of Harvey John- 
son, no relation to Andrew. 

Our subject and his j'oung wife began their domes- 
tic life on section 12 in Jefferson Township, remain- 
ing there until 1873, when his present home farm 
was purchased. The history of the family is that 
of a successful one. The eldest child of A. C. and 
Mrs. Martin is Mary L., wife of William Nichols, 
of Yam Hill County, Ore.; Elmer wedded Mary 
Johnson, a sister of Andrew, and lives with our 
subject near Wayland ; Cora completes those of 
the children living. Madison B., named in honor 
of his two grandsires, died in infancy. We need 
only add that this faniil}' have always been foremost 
in enterprise, in moral and social life, and that their 
home near Wayland is one of the most commodi- 
ous and pleasant ones in the neighborhood. In 
1884 Mr. Martiu served his township as Trustee, 
and his olBcial acts were such as made him the 
choice of his party in 1887 for the same position. 
In Jefferson Township there is a large Republican 
majority, but he was only defeated by eight votes. 
He was for several j'ears a member of the School 
Board, and his only son completed his education at 
Howe's Academy in 1880. This son is the f.ather 
of two children — Edwin Richard and Maxie G. 
The daughter. Mar}' L., is the mother of Martin M., 
Wellman 1). and Blanche M. 





JETER M. ANDERSON is a farmer, resid- 
) ingon section 2!), Wayne Township, Henry 
Co., Iowa. ( )ne of the prominent families 
I \ and one of the most substantial men of 
Wayne Township is our subject, who was born in 
Kristeanstad, Sweden, in 1830, and is a son of N. 
B. and Nellie (Christianson) Anderson. The father 
of our subject died wiien Peter was four years of 
age. The widowed mother was left with three 
small children — Peter, Christi.ana, and a son who 
died in childhood. The niolher is yet a resident of 

^0- • 

Sweden and finds a home with her daughter, who 
married a soldier, Mr. Lindo, who is 3'et a member 
of the regular army. Peter Anderson was adopted 
b3' his uncle, Hans Malm, who lived in the village 
mentioned. He learned the trade of brick-making, 
and in 1854 decided to try his fortune in America, 
He made the voyage in a sailing-vessel, the trip 
between Liverpool and Quebec lasting eight weeks. 

Peter had just enough money to pay his passage 
to Galesburg, 111., where he secured work with a 
farmer, and two years later went to Biggsville, 111., 
where after two years he was married, Miss Mary 
!Malmburg becoming his wife. The young couple 
began life upon a rented farm, Peter's earthly i)OS- 
sessions at that time consisting of a team and wagon, 
and for seven years they prospered, and when they 
left Illinois in 18G7 he brought monej' enough, the 
result of their thrift, to buy the farm upon which 
they now live. This for a score of years has been 
their home, and here their children have gi'own to 
man and womanhood, and here all except the three 
eldest were born. Here they have become impor- 
tant factors in the church and in society, and as 
Peter and his good wife near the meridian of life, 
they feel that a useful and hap]n' wedded life has 
been theirs. Their children are — Edwin O., Charles 
E., John M., Minnie D., Joseph A., Nellie, Bertha, 
Tillie and Lilian J. The two eldest ;50ns have taken 
a classical course at Howe's Academy. Charles is 
a clerk in a dry-goods store at Mt. Ple.asant; Edwin 
is with Keys & Bros., hardware dealers of Red Oak, 
Iowa. All the others are residents beneath the pater- 
nal roof. 

Mrs. Anderson also born in Sweden, and is a 
daughter of John and Christiana (Nelson) Jlalm- 
burg, who were married in Sweden, and were the 
parents of seven children before thej- left their 
native land for America. The}' sailed in 1863 and 
settled in Biggsville, where their daughter lived. 
There the father died seven years later, and the 
mother survived until 1887, and died in Red Oak, 
Iowa, at the age of eighty-five. Three of their 
children are living: Andrew, who resides in 
stone, 111., the husband of Helena Knutstrom ; John, 
residing at Red Oak, Iowa, is a grocery mercluant, 
and the husband of Sophia Haugland; and Mrs. 
Anderson completes the family. Of her and her 








family we are pleased to make mention. Their 
home is a pleasant one, and books, music, and all 
the evidences of wealth and culture grace that 
home. All this too has been brought about in a 
few j'ears, for when they were married only a few 
dollars composed their united fortune. 


■B,ILLIAM F. NIXON. J. P., a wealthy and 
■' influential farmer, residing on section 17, 

\i/% Marion Township, was born in Washing- 
ton County. Ind.. April 2G, 1824, and is the 5i>n of 
Foster and Susanna (.Jordan) Nixon. They were 
natives of North Carolina, and to them were born 
six children: Thomas died in Helena, Ark.: Zach- 
ariah died in Washington County, Ind., in 1886; 
AVilliara F., of Mt. Pleasant; Benjamin T., a silver- 
smith of Louisville, Kj-. ; Cyrus, editor of the 
Chanute (Kan.) Times; Margaret, deceased. The 
father with his two eldest children removed to 
Washington County', Ind., in 1825, where he was 
engaged in mercantile business, and in partnership 
with his brother was running the Nixon Mills at 
the time of his death, which occurred in 1832. He 
was a man full of energy and life, and no enter- 
pi'ise was undertaken by him but what it was ac- 
complished. At one time while shipping a boat 
load of goods to New Orleans he was robbed of 
$1,000; the monej' was recovered, but being a very 
tender-hearted man, he did not prosecute the of- 
fender. Foster Nixon was a fine business man, and 
was highly respected in the community. By his 
death the family lost a kind and indulgent parent, 
and the couuty of Washington a good citizen. 
Mrs. Nixon was again married, to Jehosaphat Mor- 
ris, and bj- him she had one child. Mr. iiorris died 
in 1872. She was united in marriage, the third time, 
with Levi Knight. Mrs. Knight yet resides in 
Washington Count}-, Ind., at the advanced .age of 
ninety, and is a wonderfull}' preserved lad}- for her 
age, being able to take care of her own house. She 
was clerk of the Society- of Friends for many years, 
of which she and her three husbands were all mem- 

Our subject lived with his mother until the age 
of seven, when he was adopted b}' his grandfather 

Nixon, living there until the age of twenty. After 
whipping the wheat out of the straw to feed the 
cattle he trudged off to the little log school-house, 
where he received his education. Ater the death 
of his grandfather, in 1844, he bought the old mills, 
taking charge of them for about a year, but was 
forced to quit this business on account of illl- 
health, and selling out, he went to work by the 
month, receiving but 19 per month. On the 17th 
day of March, 1847, he led to the marriage altar 
Miss Nancy J. Davis; who was born in Washing- 
ton County. Ind., Jan. 20, 1833, and was the 
daughter of Farlow and Sophia (Spoon) Davis, 
natives of North Carolina. Three weeks after their 
marriage Mr. Nixon and his young wife started for 
Henrj- Couuty, Iowa, traveling from Keokuk to 
Henry County in wagons. Settling in Marion 
Township he rented a farm for four years, and in 
1851 he bought forty acres of land on section 17. 
He erected a little log cabin in which thej- began 
housekeeping, living here until the bre^ikiug out of 
the Rebellion, when he enrolled his name among 
the manj- brave boys of the 4th Iowa Cavalry. For 
many wear}- months he lay sick in the hospital, and 
was discharged after having been in the service 
for three years and six months. Returning home 
he again turned his attention to farming, adding to 
his first purchase until he now has 120 acres of fine 
land, all under cultii-ation. The little log cabin has 
long since given place to a beautiful two-story resi- 
dence, and the little saplings have developed into 
large, stately trees. 

Mr. Nixon began life a poor man, but with the 
aid of his estimable wife, who has truly been a 
helpmeet to him, he hai become indepen lent. 
They ai-e the parents of five children : Margaret, 
born Feb. 23, 1849, died in .September, 1854. 
.She had gone with her father on a visit to the old 
home, when she was taken sick and died on the re- 

j turning journey. Sophia, who was born March 21. 
1851. is the wife of John Cubbison, and to them 
two children have been born — Vinnie and Frank; 
Benjamin F., born March 27, 1855, is in partnership 
with his brother-in-law, John Cubbison. in the 
mercantile business at Fairmont, Neb. : .Sarah Belle, 
born M.ay 2, 1858. is the wife of Levi Miller, a 
farmer of Cheyenne Couuty. Neb., and to them 






have been born three sons — Charles, Jesse and Ira 
D. ; Enoch D., born Jan. 28, 1866, is now clerking 
in a store at Fairmont, Neb. 

Politically Mr. Nixon is a Republican; he has 
hekl many township offices of trust with credit to 
iiimself, and to the satisfaction of his contituents, 
and is now serving his fourth term as Justice of 
the Peace, having held the office for six jears. 
Mr. Nixon has given iiis children good educations, 
and all of them have been teachers in the eountj'. 
Mrs. Nixon is a great worker in the temperance 
cause. They are both members of the Methodist 
Episcopal Cliurch, and have tlie respect of all who 
know them, and they are always ready with their 
time and money to aid in all charitable, temperance 
and church work. In him tiie poor find a helper, 
and his acquaintances a noble friend. 

^:^EORGE W. MARTIN, residing on section 
III g— , 23, Marion Township, was born Nov. 25, 
^^Ij 1809, in Fredericksburg, Lebanon Co., Pa. 
His parents, Frederick and Sarah (Wolf) Martin, 
were natives of Pennsylvania, but of English 
ancestry, and to them were born four children : Will- 
iam, deceased, whose widow now resides in Potts- 
ville, Pa. ; Jesse died at the age of eighty-one in 
Fredericlvsburg, Pa.; Sarah, wife of Jacob Hoffe^', 
a resident of Fredei-icksburg, Pa.; our subject is 
the fdurlli child in order of birth. His fathei' died 
at the age of fifly-one and liis motlier at the age of 
forty-five, in Fredericksburg, Pa. They were both 
members of fhe Presbyterian Church, and took 
great interest in ;ill the chiu'ch work. Mr. Martin 
held the offices of Surveyor and Recorder of Public 
Deeds, and was celebi-ated far and near for his ex- 
cellent pcnmanshii). He was a line scholar, though 
entirely a self-e<lucaled man, and none in the coni- 
mnnity were more respected and liked than Fred- 
erick Martin. 

Our subject remained under the parental roof 
until he was twenty-one years of age, and during 
this time he attended the public schools, w.alking 
three and a half miles both nH>rniiig and evening. 
His parents died when he was thirty years of age. 
In 1830 he wedded Miss Mary Pefley, a native of 

Lebanon County, Pa., born in 1809. Four children 
have graced their union: Josiah, a resident of 
Delaware, Pa.; Sarah A., wife of Jerrj' Martin, a 
bricklayer in Sharaokin, Pa.; William, who has 
been married twice, his first wife being Marj' 
Bealer, and to them were born a son and daughter, 
Thornton and Ida; Mrs. William Martin died in 
1880, and he was again united in marriage, with 
Mrs. Elizabeth Baxter, and now resides in Marion 
Township. Rebecca, wife of Joseph Howard, a resi- 
dent of Mt. Pleasant. Mary, the mother of these 
children, died in 1842 in Pottsville, Pa. Mr. Martin 
was a second time united in marriage, on the 21st 
of December, 1843, to Miss Eliza Bird, a native of 
Catawissa, Pa., and b}' this union there were seven 
children: Emma, wife of Alva Lindley, a resident 
of IMt. Pleasant; Grace, at home; George, a farmer 
near Hastings, Neb., wedded Mary Reed ; Elliot 
P. married Emily Orr, now residing at Plattsmouth, 
Neb. ; Maggie, wife of Collins Lindley, a farmer in 
T.aylor County, Iowa : Charles, a resident of Platts- 
mouth, Neb., was united in marriage with Susan 
Greusel; Mary, wife of Robert Garard, residing 
near Plattsmouth, Neb. Mrs. Martin dei);uted this 
life March 5, 1876. She was a kiTid mother, a de- 
voted member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
and was greatly esteemed by all. Mr. Martin's 
thlid union with Mrs. William Ogg, and her 
maiden n.ame was Sabina J. Frame. She was born 
in Laporte County, Ind., Feb. 24, 1838, and by 
her first husband she had two children: Nellie and 
Jennie, who are l)Oth at home. I?y this third union 
there is but one child, ClilToid. 

In 1856 Mr. Martin came to Henry County, 
purchasing eight}' acres of laud, on which he still 
resides. He now owns ICO acres of :is finely im- 
proved land as there is in the county. He has been 
a hard wc)rker and all that he now possesses lias 
lieen made by his own industry. He and his es- 
timable wife are members of the Methodist Episco- 
pal Church. Mr. Martin has always borne his part 
in every public enterprise, and in jiolitics casts his 
vote with the Republican part}'. Being honest and 
upright, in all he undertakes, Mr. Martin has the 
rcspfft of ;UI. 

.Mr. William Ogg was born Sept. 23, 1834, and 

w:is Mrs. Martin's first husband, ;ind father of Nel- 

■ » 


>^m<» ' 





lie and Jennie. Mr. Ogg enlisted in Company K, 
■4tU low.i Cavalry, Oct. 5, 1861, at Mt. Pleasant, 
and was discharged from the United States service 
Dec. 18, 1863, at Yicksburg, Miss., by reason of re- 
enlistment on the 19th of December, 1863, at 
Vicksburg. He served until Aug. 8, 1865, and was 
discharged at Atlanta, Ga., after serving nearly 
four years. His death occurred at Mt. Pleasant, 
March "23, 1871, of consumption, contracted while 
in the army. 

\||AMES M. MITTS, prominent among the 
1 well-to-do farmers and stock-raisers, resides 
I on section 19, Marion Township, Henry 
^^|// Co., Iowa, and was born in Center Town- 
ship, this county, April 6, 1837. He is the' 
son of .James and Martha (Moffett) Mitts. His 
father was born July 11, 1807, and his mother 
March 5, 1809. Her maiden name was Moffett, 
and she was first married to Calvin Stevenson, 
by whom she had one child, whose name was also 
Calvin, who is now a farmer of Marion Town- 
ship. After the death of her first husband Mrs. 
Stevenson married Mr. James Mitts, by whom she 
had thirteen children, eight of whom are now liv- 
ing. The record is : William, born in Sangamon 
County, 111., Aug. 5, 1832, now resides on a farm 
in Macon County Mo.; John, born Feb. 5, 1834, 
in Sangamon County, 111., died about the j-ear 
1872; Thomas Calvin Stevenson, born April 30, 
1833; James M. and Margaret J., born April 6, 
1837, in Henr3' Count\-, Iowa; Margaret married 
Stephen M. Cook, M. D., and now resides at Belle 
Plaine; Sarah M., wife of John W. Lee, was born 
Nov. 9, 1839, and resides on a farm in Trenton 
Township; George H. was born July 18, 1841, 
and was married to Lyda Ogg, who died in March, 
1865; he was again mnrried,to Hettie McCormick, 
and now resides in Wichita, Kan. Mary E., bom 
March 25, 1843, was the wife of Wesley Allender, 
a farmer of Marion Township; she is now de- 
ceased. Abraham W., born Nov. 8, 1846, died at 
the age of two years; Franklin, born June 5, 
1847, is now a farmer of Barber County, Kan.; 
Oscar and Osbert, born Oct. 20, 1849; Osbert 

died in 1875, and Oscar is a farmer in Marion 
Township, and his wife was Elizabeth Ogg, Mar- 
tha L., wife of James Logston, was born Dec. 29, 
1852, and now resides on a farm in Trenton Town- 

James Mitts, Sr., moved from Kentucky to San- 
gamon County, 111., about the year 1831, where he 
remained until 1837, when he removed to Henry 
County, Iowa, and first settled on the farm now 
owned by Thomas Carnes, in Center Township. 
Thus Mr. Mitts was a pioneer settler of both 
Illinois and Iowa, moving with teams from Ken- 
tucky to Illinois, and in the same year from there 
to Iowa. He made a fine farm of his first settle- 
ment, which he sold, and then bought 158 acres 
in Marion Township, which is now owned by 
David Harper. Mr. Mitts was of a retiring dis- 
position, but a man who won the hearts of all with 
whom became in contact. His death occurred Julj' 
13, 1884, and that of his wife Jan. 10, 1865. They 
were both earnest and devoted members of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, he being a member 
for forty-five years, and she for thirtj'. Thej' were 
ver3' active in both churcli and .Sunday-school work, 
and instructing their children in the teachings of 
the Bible, and were always read3' to help along any 
enterprise of worth. 

James M. Mitts, Jr., spent his early life at home 
on the farm, getting his education in the common 
schools of early days in Henry County-. His home 
has been in this countj- for over fift}' years, and he 
has seen the county pass from a state of wildness 
to the condition when a church and school-house 
grace each hilltop, and fine farmhouses and well- 
filled barns have taken the place of the log cabin 
and straw shed. At the breaking out of the Rebel- 
lion Mr. Mitts did not stop to debate as to what 
was his duty, but at once offered his services to his 
country, and enlisted in Company K, 4th Iowa Cav- 
alry, for three years. His first four engagements 
were at the siege of Vicksburg; he was in both en- 
gagements at Jackson, Miss., also at Black River, 
and was in the campaign in Missouri when tlicy 
drove Price out of the State; was with Grant 
and Sherman in their campaign through Louisiana 
and Mississippi and at Mechanicsburg, also in the 
chase after the rebel General, Forrest. He was with 





•> ■- 


'the regiment in all its engagements, except for four 
months, during which time he was in the hospital at 
Keokuk, with a low grade of fever. After serving 
three 3-ears and two months he was mustered out at 
Memphis, Tenn., and received his discharge at 
Cairo, 111. 

After returning home he again turned his atten- 
tion to farming. On the 23d of March, 18G5, he 
was united in marriage with Miss Elizabeth Mus- 
grove, who was born in Clark County, HI., June 
18, 1837. .She is a daughter of Henr}' and Eliza- 
beth (Croy) Musgrove. Her father was from Vir- 
ginia, and her mother from Ohio. Mr. and Mrs. 
Mitts' union has been blessed with seven children : 
James H. was born July 3, 186fi; Mary F., born 
Sept. 12, 18G7; Martha L., born April 18, 1870; 
Anna A., born Oct. 29, 1871, and died Aug. 14, 
1873; one died in inf.ancy; William A., born May 
23, 1882, .and Nellie May, Oct. 24, 1883. 

Mr. Mitts owns a farm of 132 acres, where he 
has lived since February, 186G. He and his wife 
are both active members of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church, and he is also a member of the Tren- 
ton Lodge No. 55, 1. O. O. F., and of McFarland 
Post No. 20, G. A. R., of Mt. Pleasant. In politics 
he is a Republican, and takes an active interest in 
church and political matters. 

ENRY MUSGROVE, deceased, a minister 
of the Christian Church, was born May 23, 
1800, and united in marriage to Eliza- 
(^) bclh Croy Nov. 1, 1820. He was a native 
of Virginia and his wife was a native of Ohio. By 
this union there were born unto them seven children : 
John, born April 21, 1823, who enlisted in the 25tli 
Iowa Volunteer Infantry', and died in the service of 
his country; Keziah, widow of W. M. R. Forbes, 
was born Sept. 5, 1825; Henjamin B., born Feb. 5, 
1827, died March 6, 185G; Henry, born March 20, 
1829, died in 1876; Tabitha, born April 27, 1832, 
died in 1881 ; Christopher, born March 3,1834, 
died May 2, 1847; .Elizabeth, born June 18, 1837. 
Mr. ]\Iusgrove and family moved to Illinois in 
1836, where they remained until 1855, when they 

removed to Henry County, Iowa, where the}* m.ade 
their home until the time of their death. They 
resided in Mt. Pleasant until a few 3-ears before 
their death, when they went to live with their 
daughter and her husband, Mr. and Mrs. James 
Mitts, of Marion Township. Mr. Musgrove de- 
parted this life in September, 1869, and his wife in 
April, 1870. He devoted manj' years of his life 
to the preaching of the Gospel as taught by the 
Apostles, in its primitive truth and holiness, and 
under his teachings many were led to seek that 
better way which leads to life eternal. 

1 OB MESSER, a prominent farmer of Trenton 
I Township, Henry Co., Iowa, was burn Nov. 
IG, 1847, in the township where he now re- 
sides, and is the son of John and Rhoda 
(Miller) Messer, both of whom are natives of 
Guernsey County, Ohio. They had a family of 
fourteen children, two of whom died in infancy : 
Josephus married Rebecca J. Huffman; John mai-- 
ried Cornelia Hollowell; Mary married James 
Scarff; Job is our subject; Simon married Jane 
Henthorn ; Alfred married Maria Hemsler for his 
first wife, who died in 1877 ; he was married again, to 
Rebecca Richards; Jane married George Allen- 
der; Calvin married Lizzie Smith; Alvin; Hiram 
Lincoln ; Rebecca Ann married Isaac Shook. They 
came to Iowa in an early day. John Messer was 
a soldier in the Graybeard regiment, but dis- 
charged for disability. He died Feb. 7, 18G5, at 
the age of seventy years. He a farmer all his 
life, and at his death owned a fine place of eighty 
acres. Politically', he was a Rcjjublican. 

Our subject was reared on a farm, and received 
such education as the district schools at that time 
afforded. On the 4th of July, 1871, he was united 
in marriage with Martha Jane Smith, who was also 
;i native of this county, and a daughter of Jacob 
and Margaret Smith. B^' their union three chil- 
dren were born — Margaret Ann, John Alvin and 
Frank Melviu. His wife died in 1877, and Mr. 
Messer was again married, his second wife being 
Susanna Harmon, a native of Indiana, who came to 
Henry County when a child with her parents, where 





she has resided nearly all of the time siiife. Five 
children have graced this second union — Reason, 
Carrie, Charles, Mary Jane and Milford. Mr. 
Messer is an energetic and enterprising man. Every- 
thing on his farm, a fine one of 100 acres, denotes 
thrift and good management. He commenced life 
without .1 dollar in his pocket, but bj' his own earn- 
est and honest labor has gained a competency, 
and the respect and esteem of bis fellowmen. 



RA MITCHELL, Sr., is one of the best known 
men of his age residing in Salem, Iowa, and 
since his coming has grown grey in years and 
rich in purse. He was born in Tioga County, Pa., 
.July 3, 1803, and is a son of Ensign and Lucj^ 
(Hubbard) Blitehell, both of whom were born, 
reared and married in Massachusetts. Ensign 
Mitchell a soldier in the Revolutionarj' War, 
enlisting as a drummer boy when fifteen years of 
age. His father, also named Ensign, served at the 
same time, and both spent five years in that war, 
experiencing all its hardships, which are well known 
to readers of history. After the marriage of Ensign, 
Jr., they removed first to New York State, and later 
to Tioga County, Pa. Our subject was six years of 
age when his parents removed to Ohio, the journey 
being made down the Ohio River from Pittsburgh 
to Cincinnati. A permanent location was made in 
Cliamijaign County, Ohio, near Mechanicsburg, and 
for many years our subject was a resident of Darby 
Plains, that county, where he was married, Dec. 12, 
1826, to Miss Jane Rhodes, daughter of John and 
Sarah (Brittin) Rhodes, of Welsh origin, who were 
early settlers of that county, and were residents 
there before Ohio was a State. They were married 
in Ross Count}', and there Mrs. Mitchell was born. 
Her father was the first man who invented a mowing- 
machine, and to obtain a patent on it rode on horse- 
back from Ohio to Washington and back. Her old 
home was the first one in Champaign County, cov- 
ered with boards put on with iron nails, and was 
painted by her father. 

There were eleven children of the Mitchell 
family, all of whom reached maturity, married and 
reared families, and some of them reached the 

remarkable .age of almost one hundred years. Onl}' 
two of the children are living to-daj', our subject 
and his brother Abizar, who resides in Madison 
County, Ohio, u farmer and stock -raiser, and one of 
the oldest citizens of that county. He was born in 
1807, and has lived in that neighborhood since he 
was a mere lad. 

Our subject and his wife removed to Miami 
County, Ind., in 1834, where a tract of 500 acres of 
land was entered in the Pottawatomie reservation. 
This was covered with heavy timber, and only 
those familiar with making homes in the dense 
woods can appreciate the Labor incident to clear- 
ing and getting into successful cultivation a large 
body of land of such a character. Mr. Mitchell was 
a great lover of stock in his day, and raised and 
dealt largely in cattle. His prosperity was greatly 
due to his enterprising habits, and indefatigable 
labor. Three children were born in Ohio: S.arah, 
who died when nine years of age; Abigail, who 
wedded Welcome W.ilker, a resident of Salem ; and 
Ovid H., husband of Amanda Sittin, living in 
Springfield, Mo.; in Indiana Ira R., Jr., was born; 
he is a farmer of S.alem Township, and was during 
her lifetime the husband of Lida Green. His birth 
was followed bj' that of Lucy M., now deceased, 
who wedded H. H. Hess; Elizabeth, .another d.iugh- 
ter, after the death of her sister, wedded Mi'. 
Hess, a well-known farmer of S.alem Township; 
John E., a resident of Salem, is the patentee of 
the w.asher bearing his name, and is married to 
Elma Henderson ; Francis M. is the husband of 
Annie Kittle, daughter of William Kittle, a well- 
known hotel man in that part of the county; 
Leonard M., the youngest child, was .also a resident 
of Salem, and the husband of Ella Murphy, and 
died in Salem, Oct. 23, 1887; the last of the family 
was Claudius, who was also born in Indiana, and 
died when two and a half years old. 

After clearing up his original purchase in Indiana, 
and adding other lands, Mr. Mitchell decided to 
come to this State. In 18.53 the removal was made, 
and one year later the family became residents of 
Henry County, purchasing over half a section 
one mile west of Salem, where they resided until 
the spring of 1884, when the farm was disposed of, 
and the aged couple became residents of the pleas- 






ant village of Salem. The children were well mar- 
ried and settled, and the old folks, who are now in 
their sixty-second year of wedded life, have grown 
old together, and their love for each other has 
been strengthened as their life's journey has been 
made. Their sons, Ira and John, were both mem- 
bers of Company I, 14th Iowa, of which Ira was 
Sergeant, being promoted from the ranks. Thej' 
were both taken prisoners at the battle of Shiloh, 
and confined first at Memphis, then at Mobile, and 
Macon, Ga. ; and lastly Ira was an inmate of Libby 
Prison, the horrors of which have been told thous- 
ands of times. Ira, who weighed when captured 
15.5 pounds, was only the ghost of a man when 
released, weighing at that time only seventy pounds. 
John was paroled at Macon, Ga., and escaped the 
prison walls of Libby. TLey have been residents 
of the West since returning to the pursuits of peace. 
John was only nineteen when he enlisted, but he 
left his college and became a soldier from pure pat- 
riotism. The sketch of this family who from Revo- 
lutionary times have been patriots and estimable 
citizens, lends interest to this volume, and among 
the old settlers and honored families of the county 
we gladly give it a |)lace. 

-*' ^-^^ ''^ 

"\f?OHN D. SMITH, one of the farmers and 
extensive stock-raisers residing on section 
7, Marion Township, was born in Richland 
^11 County, Ohio, April 21, 1830, and is the 
son of Thomas and Elizabeth (McCready) Smith, 
both of whom were natives of Pennsylvania. 
Robert McCre.ady, grandfather of our subject, was 
one of those brave men who fought so gallantly 
for the freedom of his country during the Revolu- 
tionary War. Nine children blessed the union of 
Thomas Smith and Elizabeth McCready: Nancy, 
widow of Alexander Lawthers, now resides in 
Washington County, Pa., on a farm adjoining the 
old home farm ; Jane, wife of J. B. Hart, a resident 
of Mt. Pleasant; Robert M., whodied Jan. 1, 1886, 
in Davis County, Iowa; Joseph, a farmer of Van 
Buren County, Iowa; Thon)as V. died near Mt. 
Pleasant in 1846; Elizabeth died on the home farm 
in Henry County, where H. C. Weir now lives; our 



subject is the seventh child in the order of birth; 
William McCready Smith was Ch.iplain in a Penn- 
sj'lvania regiment during the late war, and died in 
the service in 1864; E. J. died in Henry County in 
1 855 ; Anna M. is the deceased wife of P. M. Ogan, a 
resident of St. Louis. 

Thomas Smith brought his family to Iowa in 
1840, settling on the farm now owned by H. C. 
Weir, on which he made the first improvements, 
and at the time of his death he had one of the best 
farms in the countj*. He was an active church 
worker, and organized the first temperance society 
in Richland County, Ohio, and was also one of the 
first farmers who dared to lay aside the use of 
whisky in the harvest fields and in public gather- 
ings. He was a man of great moral convictions, 
always upholding that which was right, and in 
politics was an old-line Whig and a strong Aboli- 
tionist. In his younger days Mr. Smith was a teacher, 
and for several terms held the office of Justice of 
the Peace of the count}'. He ended this life in 
April, 1848, and was highlj' respected by all who 
knew him. His wife died in 1866, and with her 
husband was a member of the Congregational 

Our subject's earl}- life was spent in attending 
the district school until the age of twent^'-one, 
when, in the spring of 1852, he decided to goto 
California. Crossing the plains with an ox-team 
he landed in Placcrville, and from there went to 
Scott's Vallejs Siskiyou Co., Cal., where he engaged 
to work on a farm. The first year he received 
§1,000, the second and third jear ijl,200 each, and 
the last two years he received $180 per month, 
from all of which he saved §6,000. Returning to 
Henry County, he purchased 125 acres of land, of 
which he took possession in the spring of 1858, 
when he was united in marriage with Miss Isabel 
Paine, a native of Virginia, being born in Berkeley 
County in 18;52. She came to Hour}' County with 
her parents in 1836. Mr. and Mrs. Smith are the 
parents of five children: Nevada, born June 25, 
1859, died March 20, 1861, in infancy: Charles, 
born Oct. .30, 1861 ; Clara A., born May II, 1864; 
Walter E., born Jan. 23, 1867, died April 10, 1874, 
and Elbert E., born June 5, 1870, now in college 
at Mt, Pleasant. 




315 1^ 

Mr. Smith has kept adding to his first purchase 
until he now owns 525 acres of the best cultivated 
land in the county. Starting in life with a capital 
of 854, he lias b^' his own honest labor become one 
of the well-to-do farmers of Henry Count}', and is 
an extensive stock-raiser. He imported the first 
fine imported Norman horse into the county in 
1873, for which lie paid *;2,500. Politically Mr. 
Smith is a Republican, and lias held many township 
offices. He is always read}' to push forward any 
public interest, and is, with his wife, an earnest 
worker in the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

'^'^^•-is-^ j^^ .^5«^ .^itf- 

y^ILLIAM ARCHIBALD, a farmer of Balti- 
more Township, residing on section 20i 
\^^ was born in Hamilton County, Ohio, and 
is a son of Edmund and Belinda (Calhoun) Archi- 
bald. The sire was a native of Massachusetts, and 
Belinda Calhoun was a relative of the noted John 
C. Calhoun. In Indiana the parents of our sub- 
ject were married, and their eldest child, Alva, was 
born in that State. Later the family removed to 
Hamilton Count}', Ohio, where Mr. Archibald 
worked at his trade, that of wagon-making, in con- 
nection with farming. While residing there Laura, 
now deceased, was born, as was also our subject. 
In the autumn of 1837 the Archibald famil}' emi- 
grated to Iowa, and settled on Skunk River, where 
Edmund took a claim adjoining the present village 
of Lowell on fhe west. He entered this land later, 
improved it, and upon this spot both himself and 
wife lived and died. 

William Archibald was born in 1834, and was 
only a little past three years of age at the time his 
father located here, and the Black Hawk tribe yet 
had their village located upon his father's claim, 
and their old wigwams were still standing, and the 
same were used when sugar-making time came in 
the spring. But little of the Indian language was 
learned by our subject, but he remembers well the 
band of Indians who passed through on their way- 
east, in 1838, for the chief's son, John Black Hawk, 
made a speech, in which he denounced bitterly the 
building of the dam across the river. He said: " I 
am mad at this thing, the dam is mad; hear it 

roar." The homes which the Indians knew are 
now peopled bj' white men, and their choice hunt- 
ing-grounds have brought back large returns of 
wealth to the white man who settled in this fertile 
valley. After all the other Indians had gone, one 
lone savage was loath to leave the forests where he 
had passed so many happ}- tlays. By name he was 
known as Dr. Jim, and for a long time he brought 
in lead or ore and sold to the settlers, who would 
make him drunk and trj' to learn the place where 
it was obtained, but Dr. Jim was too shrewd for 
them, and to this da\' no trace of the ore has 
ever been discovered, although he would bring in 
supplies two hours after he had found a customer. 
He went to the second purchase near the Osage 
Agency, and it is currently reported that his own 
tribe killed him. 

After Mr. Archibald settled here one other child 
was born, Sarah E., now the wife of John W. 
Grigg, of Lowell, Iowa. Edmund Archibald 
studied medicine after he came to this county, 
and became one of the most successful men of his 
profession in his day, and enjo^'ed a reputation, both 
far and near, which was truly an enviable one. He 
amassed a large fortune during his life, and left his 
children wealthy. He died at the age of sevent\'- 
three, respected alike by rich and poor, old and 
young. His wife died in her sixty-eighth year. 

Our subject was married when twenty years of 
age, to Miss Sarah A. Hufstedler, the daughter of 
Martin and Mary Hufstedler, who came from Indi- 
ana in 1852, and settled in Van Buren County, Iowa, 
and in 1857 became residents of Henry County. 
Her father died near Hillsboro, and her mother now 
resides in Osceola, Clarke County, at the age of 
eighty -four. Mr. and Mrs. Archibald are the par- 
ents of eight children, some of whom are deceased. 
They are named: William M., the husband of Kate 
Flenor, resides near Clarinda, Page County ; George 
W. is engaged in railroading: Mary F. is the wife of 
Howard Root, of Marion County ; Ola, Albert, 
Harry and Ernest are unmarried. William Archi- 
bald has been a resident of this count}' for half a 
century, and during his business life has been a suc- 
cessful farmer. Declining all official positions, his 
time has been given to the furtherance of his busi- 
ness, and almost within sight of his boyhood home 






he has lived and roared his family, and the name 
of Archibald is as widely known in Henry County 
as any of the many names which have given her a 
desired prominence. 

-w^ ^/\«i2j2a/©'^«< 



y" ILLIAM H. JACKMAN is the proprietor 
of the City Hotel and livery stable, New 
London, Iowa, and carrier of mail and 
passengers between New London and Lowell. He 
was born in Washington County, Pa., Aug. 12, 
1832, and is the son of Nathan and Catherine 
(IloUman) Jackman. His father was born in Wash- 
ington County, Fa. The family were residents of 
Pennsylvania for several generations, and were of 
Irish descent. His mother was born near Hagers- 
tow n, Md., of German descent, and went to Wash- 
ington County, Pa., with her parents when but 
twelve years of age. In the spring of 1844 the 
family moved to Ft. Madison, Iowa, and a few 
weeks later (in July) to Henry County, locating in, 
Jackson Township. They si)ent one year in thiit 
localit}', and then removed to Marion Township, 
Lee County, where Mr. Jackman engaged in farm- 
ing (nominally only) as he was a ship carpenter, 
miller and millwright by trade. He devoted his 
time principally to mechanical pursuits, while the 
care of the farm devolved on his sons. There 
were eleven children in the f.amily, nine sons and 
two daughters, all of whom are now living except 
two, all remarkably rugged and healthy, as befitted 
emigrants to a new country : Benson II. wedded 
Mary Lynch, and resides in Lee County, on the old 
homestead ; Clarkson, whose iionie is in Baltimore 
Tovvnship, was twice married, his first wife being' 
Martha (Smith, and his second Addic Wheatley; 
Addison II. married Rebecca Abraham, .nud lives 
in Southwestern Nebraska, at Ft. Robinson; Hen- 
rietta, deceased, was the w^fe of Silas P. Blair, of 
Grant County, Wis.; Melissa is the wife of Robert 
P. Jackman, of Pilot Grove, Lee Co., Iowa; Will- 
iam H. married Eliza M. Stephenson, and resides in 
New London, Iowa; Nathan married Lucy Logan 
for his first wife, and Lulilia Stockdale for his 
second, and lives near Moundville, Mo.; John Q. 
married Elizabeth Brown, and is a fanner of Balti- 

more Township; Van Buren married Martha Han- 
nah, and resides in Crawford, Neb. ; Joseph H. has 
been twice married, bis first wife being Lydia J. 
De Wilt; Robert A. died at the age of nineteen, 
while in service during the late war. 

Mr. Jackman, Sr., was an earnest Democrat in his 
political sentiment, and his sons have all followed 
his example. His death occurred in Lee Count}', 
in February, 1874, his wife surviving him, and 
dying Oct. 6, 188.5. 

William H. Jackman was married, Nov. 25, 1858, 
in Lowell, Iowa, to Miss Eliza M. Stephenson, 
daughter of John and Elizabeth Stephenson, whose 
historj' appears on another page. Mrs. Jackman was 
born at Hardscrabble farm, Jiickson Township, 
Henry Co., Iowa, Oct. 2, 1841. Three children were 
born of their union, two sons and a daughter : Willie 
S. was born March 30, 18(J0, and died at the age of 
one year; Clarence H. was born Nov. 12, 1861, and 
died when two .ind a half years of age; Lucy E., 
born Nov. 6, 1864, is now the wife of Homer E. 
Lyman, of New London. Mr. Jackman settled in 
Lowell at the time of his marriage, and resided 
there till March, 1886, when he moved to New 
Lo^idon, and engaged in his present business. 
While a resident of Lowell he was engaged in farm- 
ing and teaming. In politics, Mr. Jackman and 
his entire family are most uncompromising Demo- 
crats. He is a man of modest pretensions, but of 
sound judgment and unquestioned integritj'. The 
City Hotel, under the able management of '"mine 
host " Jackman and his amiable and kind-hearted 
wife, is one of the most home-like hotels in the 

j^ ANIEL PRICE was born in Wales, in 
March, 1804, and was the son of John 
and Mary (Jones) Price, who were also 
natives of that country, where his father 
was a large land-owner. While a young man, he 
worked as a foreman on the railroad and in the 
mines, for twenty j'ears. He left his native land 
and emigrated to America in 1851, first locating at 
Philadelphia, Pa., but remained there only three 
weeks, and then went to the State of New Jersey, 
residing there one winter, engaged in chopping 







wood. He then removed to Franklin County, Ind., 
remaining there three years, engaged as a common 
laborer. He then emigrated to Henry Count}^ 
Iowa, locating in the village of Trenton, remaining 
one winter, and on the 1st of April, 1856, he re- 
moved to section 22 of Trenton Township, where 
he purchased ten acres of timber land. Here he 
lived until his death, which occurred Oct. 19, 1887. 
He added to his possessions until he had a fine farm 
of 12C acres at the time of his decease. He was so 
poor when he bought his first ten acres that he had 
to go in debt for it, but by hard labor and good 
management, he gained a competence. Mr. Price 
was a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
and a sincere, earnest Christian. In politics he was 
a Democrat. He was a self-educated man, and 
always kept well informed upon public affairs, 
whetlier political or otherwise. His wife still sur- 
vives him, and resides on the home farm, at the age 
of sixty-four. She also belongs to the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. This worthj^ couple were the 
parents of four children : William Penn, a farmer 
residing in Mills County, Iowa; Mary EUen; Mar- 
garet Jane, wife of George Dies, of Brighton, 
Iowa; and John M., who has charge of the home 
farm, and was married. Dee. 21, 1887, to Miss Sally 
Wood, daughter of Clark and Catherine Wood. 
Among the pioneers and prominent men of Henry 
County, Iowa, none more truly deserved the respect 
and confidence of all than Daniel Price. 

^ AMES M. KIBBEN, deceased, was born in 
Culpeper County, Va., near Harper's Ferry. 
He was left an ori)han at the tender age of 
nine yeai'S, without fortune or friends, and 
began the battle of life as an apprentice to a wagon- 
maker. His early years were such as often fell to 
the lot of the destitute orphan. Hard work and 
abuse were rewarded with a pittance. Possessed 
of a strong will and superior intelligence, he fought 
his way tlirough to manhood, and then went to Co- 
lumbus, Ohio, where he worked at his trade a short 
time only, when he removed to Faj'ette County, 
Ind., and there engaged in farming. He was mar- 
ried in Fayette County, Oct. 3, 1833, to Miss Jane 

Sample, by whom he had one child, a son, Marcus, 
who died in infancy'. His wife survived but a few 
years, and died Sept. 23, 1836. Mr. Kibben was 
again married, Nov. 22, 1839, in the same county, 
to Miss Rebecca Farmer, daughter of William 
Farmer. She was born near Dayton, Ohio, Nov. 2, 
1810. Her father was born in South Carolina, and 
her mother in Georgia. They were members of the 
Society of Friends, and were earnestly opposed to 
slavery, so much so that they would not own ne- 
groes, or reside in a slave State; therefore they 
wended their w.iy northward to the free State of 
Indiana. Separated from those of like faith, and 
living in a sparsely settled country, they attended 
the Methodist Episcopal Church as that the nearest 
in sympathy with them. Mr. Farmer united with 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, but his wife clung 
to the Quaker faith. Their daughter, now Mrs. 
Kibben, united with the Methodist Episcopal 
Church when fifteen years of age, and has now been 
a member of that society for sixty-two years. 

Mr. and Mrs. Kibben had five children born to 
them, of whom three are now living: Mary, widow 
of Rev. P. P. Ingels, a prominent minister of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, who resides at Des 
Moines, Iowa; Walter S. and Oliver P. were tw.'us; 
Walter was drowned at the age of tvventy years ; 
Oliver P. married Miss Delia Gamage, of Mt. Pleas- 
ant, and resides at Curtis, Neb., where he is en- 
gaged in the cattle-raising business ; Prudence M. 
is the wife of Rev. S. S. Murphy, a well-known 
minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church, of 
Burlington, Kan. ; Virginia, the youngest, died in 

Mr. Kibben removed with his family from Indi- 
ana to Will County, 111., in 184G, and engaged ex- 
tensively' in farming and stock-growing at Twelve- 
Mile Grove. He continued to reside in Illinois for 
ten years, and in 1856 came to Mt. Pleasant, Iowa. 
At this time he was possessed of liberal means, and 
soon bought an interest in the Saunders' bank. He 
was instrumental in the organization of the First 
National Bank of Mt. Pleasant, and for many j^ears 
served as a Director of that institution. In his 
political views he was an earnest Democrat, and be- 
lieved in maintaining the constitution and union of 
the States, regardless of the institution of slavery. 




He was fearless and outspoken in his views, and 
on the breaking out of the late war he found him- 
self placed in a false position. While he contended 
that a failure on the part of the free States to prop- 
erly observe the Constitution precipitated the con- 
flict he did not sj'mpathize with or apologize for 
armed opposition to the Government. He was true 
to the Union and the principles of the Constitution. 
His death occurred Sept. 9, 1874. 

Mr. Kibben a consistent member of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church, with which he had been 
connected since his 3'outh. He was a warm-hearted, 
upright gentleman, who commanded the respect 
and esteem of even those who were bitterly op- 
posed to him in political opinion, and was eminently 
a self-made man. Starting in life an orphan and 
penniless, by industry, strong wiU and fine business 
ability, he won his way to wealth and independence. 
His widow, an estimable lady, survives him, and 
still resides in Mt. Pleasant. While her life now 
numbers seventy-seven years, and she has witnessed 
all the wonderful discoveries in science and 
mechanics, and the great march of improvement of 
the present centurj', her eyes are still bright, her 
form erect, while a genial, kindly intelligence en- 
dears her to all who are so fortunate as to be classed 
among her friends. 

The many friends of IMr. Kibben will be pleased 
that we have secured an excellent portrait of the 
gentleman, which is presented on an accompanying 
page to the readers of this volume. 





s^^ B. WYSE, the senior member of the firm of 
Wyse & Schantz, is a well-known resident 
of Wayland, who for several years has 
made Jefferson Township his home, and has 
become an important factor in its business interests. 
He was born in Fulton County, Oiiio, in 1815, and 
is the son of Peter and Catherine (Brandt) Wyse, 
both of whom were natives of the Canton of Berne, 
Switzerland. The parents of I'eter W^'se lived 
and died in that country, and Peter came to America 
when a young man, and was married to Catherine 
Brandt in Ohio. Iler f.athcr emigrated to Americi 
in 1817, bringing his family with liini. Only his 

second and third daughters are now living: Eliza- 
beth, widow of Jacob Gyman, resides in Fulton 
County, Ohio, and Catherine, mother of Mr. Wyse, 
now a widow in her eighty-first year, and at present 
an inmate of his home in Wayland. Two other 
daughters, Annie and Barbara, are now deceased. 

Our subject was reared upon a farm in Fulton 
County, Ohio, and secured a practical education, 
fitting him for conducting a successful business. 
His first experience away from the homestead began 
in his twentieth year, when he went to Butler 
County, Ohio, and engaged in farm work. A few 
months later he returned home, and remained until 
1867, when his first visit was made to Henry County, 
Iowa, and he was pleased with the prospects of the 
future, which was rapidly developing. He for a 
time engaged in farm work, threshing, etc., and 
after a two years' residence, he returned to the home 
of his boyhood. The acquaintance having been 
formed while here of Miss Hannah Conrad, he 
returned to Henry County in 1870, and they were 
married and began life for themselves in this county. 
Her parents were Daniel and Maria (Klopfenstine) 
Conrad, who were among the early settlers in this 
part of the State, locating about 1840, but after a 
long lifetime of usefulness both were gathered to 
"that bourne from which no traveler returns." Their 
memory is dear to those of the old pioneers who 
yet remain. 

After his marriage, Mr. Wyse taught several 
terms of school in this county, two at Prospect 
school-house. In 1883 he engaged in company 
with Mr. Jacobs in the mercantile business at 
AVayland, the firm opening a new stock of gen- 
eral merchandise. In February, 1886, IMr. Jacobs 
retired from the firm, Mr. C. C. Schantz purchas- 
ing his interest, and the two gentlemen, Wyse and 
Schantz, who were reared together in the Buckeye 
State, receiving their lesson in the school-boy d.aj's 
within two miles of each other, are now men of ma- 
ture years, and arc jiaituers in a splendid retail store, 
doing a successful business. In January, 1888, Mr. 
Wyse was appointed Poslm.asler of Wayland, under 
President Cleveland's administration, in rccogniticju 
of his life-long devotion to the creed of the Demo- 
cratic party, of which he has always been a hearty 
supporter. The wife of Mr. W3'se became the mother 





of five children — Ella, Emma, Frank, Lester and 
an infant. The joy of the parents was greatly en- 
hanced by their births, but the "silent reaper" 
marked the loving wife and tender mother' for his 
own. Christmas Eve of 1885, the births of Lester 
and a twin brother occurred, the latter dying at 
birth, and the life of their mother ended one week 
later. Sorrow and joy come to all, but the merry 
peals of the church bells ringing in the glad New 
Year, found the bereaved husband full of grief 
and care for his motherless children, but in him 
they have found an affectionate father, who sup- 
plies their every want. 

Side by side in the village churchyard the re- 
mains of mother and child repose. Both herself 
and husband were faithful members of the Ornish 
Meunonite Church, and Christians in the fullest 


(^ I^ILLIAM MELTON, one of the prominent 
and representative farmers of this county, 
was born in Warren County, Ind., and in 
that county his boyhood days were spent. He 
received iiis early education in the common schools 
of his native State, and in the year 1858 came 
West, locating in Henry County, where he resided 
a short time with his uncle. In the meantime he 
became acquainted with Miss Sarah Wilson, the 
acquaintance ripened into love, and in October, 
1859, he led her to the marriage altar. Her parents, 
Mr. and Mrs. John Wilson, were among the very 
earliest settlers of the county. On the 29th of Feb- 
ruary, 183G, at the home of Mr. John Wilson, on 
Brush Creek, Ky., Mrs. Melton, the first white child 
of Henry County, was born. Mrs. Melton has a 
most wonderful head of hair, being at the present 
time long enough to drag upon the floor, and at 
one time before being cut off it measured seven 
feet and three inches. Mrs. Melton is a woman of 
good address and fine intellect. The hospitable 
door of the home always stands open, and both 
husband and wife are always ready to welcome the 
weary traveler. In their home love for each other 
and their fellowman reigns supreme, and those 
simple but powerful gifts, a kind word and a cheery 
smile, are ready for all. Soon after their marriage 

Mr. and Mrs. Melton went to Warren County, Ind., 
where they remained for twenty-five years, until 
hearing of Mr. Wilson's sickness, when thej' re- 
turned home, staying with him until his death. 

T^^EWTON McCLINTIC, a farmer residing on 
I j) section 8, Jefferson Township, Henry Co., 
\V\M-i Iowa, was born in Bartholomew County, Ind., 
June 11, 1836, and is the son of Alex and Anca 
(Bates) McClintic. They were married in Ken- 
tucky, but Alex was born in Pennsylvania, his wife 
being a native of the former State. The father of 
Ales McClintic was also named Alex McClintic, 
and Thomas Bates was the father of Anca Bates. 
On the paternal side the ancestors came from Ire- 
land, and on the maternal side from Germany. The 
father of our subject, Alex McClintic, was a soldier 
in the War of 1812 and drew a land warrant for 
160 acres of land from the Government. But lit- 
tle history of either family can be given, as the 
father of our subject died when Alex was a small 
boy, and Anca Bates came to Indiana from her na- 
tive State with relatives, and as both are now 
deceased, the early history of the family died with 
them. They came to this State about 1839, enter- 
ing a claim of one section of land, but later pur- 
chased several hundred acres more, amounting to 
about 1,100 acres in the whole farm, a part of which 
original entry adjoins thatof our subject on the north. 
Daniel Eicher now owns the original tract upon which 
Alex McClintic settled, and the homestead site is 
within easy view of where Newton now lives. Dur- 
ing his lifetime Alex and his sons improved at least 
400 acres. Mrs. McClintic died about five years 
after she came to this count}'. She was a most 
estimable lady, and the mother of nine children : 
John, who wedded Elizabeth Barclow, resides in 
Washington County, Iowa; Jane, who married 
Lucas Covert, and remained in Indiana; Alex, de- 
ceased, wedded for his first wife May A. Lloyd, and 
for his second wife Harriet Pangborue, who after 
his death married Henry Neff, of this county, but 
now resides in Missouri; Abigail, deceased, married 
Henry Cohee, a resident physician of Rome, Iowa; 
she died at Mt. Pleasant in 1881. Olive A. became 



»» m ^ t 




the wife of Robert Scott, a farmer of Plymouth 
Count}', Iowa; Robert, deceased, wedded Martha 
A. Custer, who after his death married Amos Moore, 
of Washington County, where they reside; Mitchell, 
deceased, married Hester Ann Custer, who now 
resides in Jefferson Township. 

Our subject was the youngest of the family. > In 
Henry County he was reared, educated, married 
and resides. He early learned to clear the brushy 
lands, and many broad acres has he grubbed and 
plowed in making ready for the first crop. He has 
witnessed since boyhood the building of the towns 
and cities, the railroads, and the deyelopment of 
almost the entire county has been accomplished in 
his day. He remembers distinctly when a boy the 
Indian tribes that for many years had hunted over 
the ])rairies and through the woods, fished in the 
streams, and, though dispossessed by the whites, yet 
gave the new-comers a fairly cordial welcome and 
never molested their property. 

Newton McClintic was wedded to Miss Ann R. 
Kurtz, Oct. 13, 1800. Her parents were natives of 
Maryland, from whence they came after marriage 
and settled near Lebanon, Ohio. They emigrated 
to Iowa in 1841 and settled on Skunk River, in 
Henry Count}', where the parents both died. Six 
children were born to them in Ohio, and one was 
born in this count}'. Their names and location are 
individually given. Peter died unmarried; John 
wedded Martha Mason, and is a resident farmer of 
Jefferson Township; Henry married Hannah Pang- 
borne, and resides in Washington County; jMary 
wedded Nimrod Leece, a merchant of Crawfords- 
ville, Iowa; Susan became the wife of W. R. Mason, 
also a resident of Jefferson Township; Ann R., wife 
of Mr. McClintic, and Martha became the wife of 
Nimrod Long, who is a merchant and also Post- 
master of Crawfordsvillo, Iowa. These children 
are well known in this county, and their names 
should properly appear in her history. Since his 
marri.age Mr. McClintic has resided upon a farm. 
A handsome country residence was erected in 1871). 
and the family circle is made happy by several chil- 
dren, all of whom were born in this township. The 
eldest daughter, Margaret, is the wife of Isaac Van 
Wagenen, a mechanic of Washington County; they 
have three children — James, Alva N. and Anna. 

The other children of our subject are: Marietta, 
Anna M., Susie, Abbie, Angeline, Eva J., deceased, 
and John N., twins. 

One hundred acres of land bring Mr. McClintic 
a comfortable income, and they live in the cosy 
style which delights those of taste and culture. Mr. 
McClintic has long been connected with the School 
Board and is greatly interested in the cause of edu- 
cation. To such families much praise is due, they 
having done much to elevate the moral and social 
world in which they live. 


^ OHN MELTON, one of the early and hon- 
ored settlers of Henry County, was born in 
Virginia, and was a son of Allen Melton. 
His mother died when he was only five years 
old. He was reared upon a farm, being bound out 
to a farmer until he grew to manhood. When about 
twenty-one years of age, John Melton led to the 
marriage altar Miss Phoebe Heston, who born 
in Pennsylvania, and was a daughter of Phineasaud 
Sarah Heston. Shortly after his marriage, he with 
his young wife emigrated to Ohio, where they lived 
for a number of years. Thence he went to Warren 
County, Ind., where he staid several years. In 1839 
Mr. Melton removed to Henry County, which place 
he made his home until his death. He took up his 
residence on a farm in Center Township, remaining 
there until 1853, when he removed to section 36, 
Tippecanoe Township. Twelve children graced the 
union of John Melton and l'h(ebe Heston, only three 
of whom are yet living: John, a miner, residing in 
California; Mrs. Alfred Doan;and Isaac, a farmer, 
now living in Republic County, Kan. When the 
Republican party came into existence, Mr. Melton 
found the principles enunciated by its leaders were 
in accordance with those he had held, and therefore 
acted with it until he departed this life in October, 
1870, his wife also dying in the same month of the 
same year. She was a member of the Society of 
Friends, and though Mr. Melton was not a church 
member, his integrity and uprightness were un- 
doubted. He was a large land-holder in this county, 
and one of its best citizens. Having a heart over- 
flowing with love for humanity, to the poor he was 

>► m ^ 






ever kind and considerate, and no man ever stood 
higher in the community than Mr. Melton, his high 
char.icter and many good deeds endearing him to 
all classes. 

-^ W -^ «2j2j2/®-^* 

»^^^ STUf— ~>/w 

^^EORGE C. BELL, a blacksmith of Rome, 
III (— , Henry Co., Iowa, and a prominent citizen 
^^jj of that village, was born in Greene County, 
Ohio, June 7, 1825, and is a son of Joshua and 
Mary (Bales) Bell, the former a native of Mary- 
land, and the latter of Ohio. Joshua Bell was of 
Scotch-Irish descent, and was born on the 13th of 
February, 1776, and departed this life in Henry 
County, July 12, 1856. All his life was spent 
upon a farm. He took great interest in local 
politics, always voting with the Whig party. He 
was a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
and a sincere, earnest Christian. Nathaniel D. Bell, 
the grandfather of our subject, emigrated from the 
North of Ireland to America. He was a soldier in 
the Revolutionary War. Mary Bell, the mother of 
George, was of German descent. She was also a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and 
is now deceased. 

In 1829, when George was a lad of four years, 
his parents removed to Tippecanoe County, Ind., 
where they remained until the fall of 1841. Com- 
ing to Henry County they located in Tippecanoe 
Township. George was reared upon the farm until 
his seventeenth year. He then learned the black- 
smith trade, which he has followed ever since. On 
the 7th of August, 1846, the marriage of George 
C. Bell and Delila Grant was celebrated. She was 
a native of Indiana, being born in Harrison County, 
Nov. 3, 1827. Her parents were Thomas and 
Christiana (Davis) Grant. Eight children have 
gathered round the hearthstone of Mr. and Mrs. 
Bell: Malinda, now the wife of William Fry: 
William, an engineer, residing in Rome; John D., 
who died when five years of age; Naomi J., widow 
of Reiley Lloyd, residing in Fremont County, Iowa: 
Thomas I., a resident of Rome ; Martha, wife of 
Charles H. Huston, a resident of McLean Count}', 
Dak. ; Charlotte, at home ; and -Mary Rebecca, wife 
of James Phillips, of Dakota. The mother of these 

children died Sept. 16, 1886, at the age of fifty-nine, 
and great indeed was the grief felt at her death. She 
was a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church 
for many years, and an earnest worker for her 

At the breaking out of the Rebellion our subject 
responded to his country's call for troops, and 
enlisted Sept. 25, 1863, in the 9th Iowa Volunteer 
Cavalry, serving two years and seven months. He 
was engaged in many skirmishes, and was mustered 
out Feb. 28, 1866, at Little Rock, Ark. After 
returning home he resumed blacksmithing in Jeffer- 
son County, where he resided until 1872. He then 
came to Rome, at which village he has since made 
his home. Here he built a blacksmith-shop, and 
has ever since continued to work at his trade. Mr. 
Bell served as ]Ma3'or of Rome, and as Marshal for 
a year each, and as Constable for three years. He 
is a stalwart Republican, and never swerves in his 
allegiance to that party. 



ICHAEL CLARK is a farmer and stock- 
raiser, residing upon section 1, Jackson 
Township. He was born in County Cavan, 
Ireland, in 1833, and is a son of Thomas 
and Ellen (Smith) Clark. The family emigrated to 
America in 1845, settling in Sullivan County, N. 
Y. In 1848 they came to Chicago, but returned 
the same year to New York. At that time there but one hotel in that now prosperous city, and 
the swampy location offered but little inducement 
for the family to remain. They remained three 
years in New York, then went to New Haven, 
Conn., and remained until about the year 1854, 
when they came to this county. Here the parents 
lived and died, and were Ijuricd in the pioneer 
cemetery at Mt. Pleasant. They were pious Catho- 
lics, and were the parents of three children, two of 
whom died in New York .State, leaving our subject 
the only one to represent a family whose name has 
been a familiar one in this county for more than a 
quarter of a century. He was married in this 
county to Miss Annie, daughter of John and Mary 
(Cassidy) Courtney, Jan. 4, 1871, Rev. Father 
Welch, of Mt. Pleasant, performing the ceremony. 








Our subject had earned by hard labor with his own 
hands every dollar that he paid for his nice farm, 
whicli was |)urchased before the marriage, and the 
young bride came immediately to the cosy little 
cabin which her husband bad built in anticipation 
of her coming. From the beginning they have 
prospered, and their pastures are dotted with herds 
of cattle, and his well-tilled fields bring abundant 
crops. A new frame iiouse took the place of the 
cabin in which their married life was begun, and 
the union has been blessed with several promising 
children. The sons are stalwart young men, and 
the daughters resemble their mother in both intellect 
and features. They were named in order of their 
birth : James, John, Ellen, Pearl, Mary, Rose, Kate 
and Sylvester. The family have ever been reck- 
oned by their neighbors as one whom they can 
value as people of intelligence and thrift. As a 
self-made man Michael Clark is entitled to credit, 
and his good wife is an honor to her sex, and the 
faithful mother of her happy family' of children, 
all of whom were born on the farm in Jackson 

At the breaking out of the late war our subject 
joined Company D, 4th Iowa Cavalry, and for four 
years braved the shot and shell along with his com- 
rades under Capt. Spearman. He was in every 
engagement in which his regiment participated, and 
was only in the hospital two weeks during his four 
years of service. All honor is due our gallant men 
who fought to preserve the Union, and we are pleased 
to make honorable mention of them. By his gal- 
lantry as a soldier, his integrity of character, and 
his honorable record as a good citizen, Mr. Clark 
is entitled to a place among the best people of 
Henry County. 

JONATHAN rilELl'S, farmer in Jackson 
Township, section 36, was born in Randolph 
County, N. C, July .5, 1823, and is tlie son 
of Samuel and Sarah (Newby) I'helps, wlio 
owned a plantation in that State, but never owned 
a slave. They emigrated to Henry County, Ind., 
in 1842, and jjurchased a farm, where both died. 
Their children were all born in North Carolina ex- 

cept Marj', Joseph and Jabez, whose births took 
place in Indiana. Jane was the wife of Joseph Small, 
a farmer of Hendricks, Ind., and both she and 
her husband are deceased: Elias. who is married to 
Anna Hill, and is a resident farmer of Henry Count3', 
Ind. ; Eleanor, deceased, who became first the wife 
of John Hodson, and after his death married Will- 
iam Stanley ; Frederick, who wedded Dorcas Boone, 
and botii died, he in Indiana and she in Poweshiek 
County, Iowa; prior to his death he was married 
to Sarah Newby. Bethany married Robert Cross, 
and formerly resided in Boone County-, this State, 
but both are deceased ; Maiy, also deceased, was 
wedded to Abner Ratliffe, who is again married, 
and resides in Henry County, Ind. ; Ezekiel married 
Sarah Hoover, and also resides in Henry County, 
Ind.; Joseph died unmarried while a young man; 
Jabez married Miss Hodson, after whose death he 
married again; Jonathan, the subject of this sketch, 
is the second son, and was married in Henry County', 
Ind., to Asenath J.ay, April 13, 1848. She was 
born in Randolph County, Ind., Feb. I, 1825, 
her parents being Joseph and Edith (Mills) Jay, 
who were Friends. Thej^ were among the first 
settlers of that count}', and came from Belmont 
County, Ohio. The death of Mr. Jay occurred in 
Randolph Countj'., Ind., his widow afterward mar- 
rying Thomas Kirk, and l>oth dying in Henry 
County, Ind. Three children were born to the 
first marri.age: Ruth A., deceased, who wedded 
Davis Grey; Hugh, who became the husband of 
Mary J. Martin, both deceased, and the wife of our 
subject, Asenath. 

After his marriage, Joiiatiian Phelps farmed in 
Indiana for five years, and in 1853 the young 
couple came to Lee County, Iowa, and puix'hased 
the farm now owned by Henry Minke, which they 
disposed of in 1805, and became residents of 
Henry County. When the war broke out he was 
full of patriotism, and was one of the first to volun- 
teer in the 100-days service. After his term was 
served he returned home, was drafted, and this time 
sent a substitute. Mr. and Mrs. Phelps have two 
children, both born in Indiana — -Seth and Joseph J. 
The first was educated at Burlington, and married 
Rose Miller; Joseph J. became the husband of Ad- 
die Lessinger, whose father has alwaj's been a 





pronlinent man in this county, and is now managei* 
of the Henry County Infirmary. Joseph was a 
teacher in this county for several years, but resides 
upon the home farm, and is one of the enterprising 
young men of Jaclison Township. He is the father 
of four children : Rudoli)h, deceased ; Fred, Carl 
and Maud. He is a prominent local politician, and 
has held manj' offices within the gift of the people 
of his township, having been Assessor, Township 
Clerk, Trustee and Justice of the Peace, and for 
years has been connected with the School Board. 
He was educated in the public schools and is fitted 
to fill any position of trust. Of the Phelps family 
we are pleased to make mention, for the}' honor the 
community in which they live. The father is 
comfortablj' situated, and the sons possess his 

For thirty-two years Mr. Phelps has been en- 
gaged in the sheep business, in which he has made 
a fortune, and no man in the county or State is 
more widely known in business circles. He and his 
good wife have no need for further labor, and their 
home is ahva3's bright, but 3-cars of labor have so 
imbued them with the spirit of enterprise that it is 
impossible to refrain from work.- AVe find Mr. 
Phelps holding the plow while this sketch is written, 
and he is yet hale and hearty and as jovial as in his 
boyhood days. In private and public life he bears 
the repute of a man of uprightness and integrity. 


L. WHITE is a merchant, and is also Post- 
master of Swedesburg, and is now one of 
the oldest business men in the northern 
part of Henry County, being a resident 
since 1846. His parents, Thomas H. and Elizabeth 
(Kibler) White, were among the early and well- 
known residents of the new State, but the death of 
Thomas White occurred ton 3'ears after locating in 
the county. His wife reached the ripe age of sev- 
enty-two, and died in 1875. They were former 
residents of Berkeley County, Va., where our sub- 
ject was born. He was ten years of age when his 
parents removed to this county. Here Mr. White 
has grown from boj'hood to manhood, and here be 
was married, and in this county his children were 

born. He has seen the entire county transformed 
from its virgin state to one of cultivation and 
wealth, villages and cities have been created, and 
the log cabins of early days have been replaced by 
modern residences. 

His brothers and sisters were : George H., now 
deceased, who wedded Maria Tedrow; Mary E. be- 
came the wife of Emanuel Ernst; Deborah wedded 
J. W. Bird; the next was our subject; Sarah, who 
died unmarried; Thomas W. married Rebecca 
Tedrow; and Jacob L., who became the husband 
of Phemia Perkins. Thomas W. was a member of 
Company B, 25th Iowa Volunteers, and served 
throughout the war. 

Our subject was educated at the Iowa Wesleyan 
University, and his attention was given to the pro- 
fession of teaching for many years, his first term 
being at the Union Schoof, in Wayne Township, in 
1857. For sixteen consecutive winters he taught 
school in this county, and among his scholars who 
have become noted we mention: Wesley James, 
now a student in the State University, J. E. Con- 
nor, son of the County Recorder, and quite a well- 
kndwn teacher; and many of the resident farmers, 
who have grown to manhood in this county, were 
members of his school. During the time Mr. White 
was engaged in teaching, he was married to Miss 
Drusilla Havens, who was a pupil in his school in 
this township. The marriage was celebrated March 
6, 1861, at the home of her father, Thomas Havens, 
of this township. Her mother died in New Jersey, 
and was the mother of George, Drusilla; Mary A., 
deceased ; Martin, deceased ; and Alexander. The 
mother, Phcebe (Case) Havens, was a native of New 
Jersey, of English origin. After her death Mr. 
Havens svedded Mrs. Cordelia (Scoville) Jameson, 
near Columbus, Ohio, where the Havens family at 
that time resided. In 1853 they removed to this 
county, and until 1866 they resided here. Mr. 
Havens died in Crawford County, Kan., in 1876, 
and his widow now resides in this county. One 
child was the result of the second marriage, Carl- 
ton, unmarried, and residing with his mother. 

S. L. White, our subject, taught school in the win- 
ter, and farmed in summer until 1866, when he 
removed to Sedalia, Mo., and for six months was as- 
sociated in business with the Hon. Samuel L. Steele, 






now a member of the Iowa General Assembly for 
Henry County. The same year he returned to 
Wayne Township, and improved a tract of land 
owned by him. and there made his home until 1875, 
when Swedesburg was surveyed. He eame to the 
new town, rented the store built by a company 
known as the Prairie Hall Association, and for nine 
years did business in the hall. In 1884 he erected 
his present store building, and his residence was con- 
pleted in 1882. From 1875 to this date, Mr. AVhite 
has done an extensive business, and from a trade in 
1875 of $13,000. the business has increased to over 
$20,000 in 1887. Mr. White handles hardware in 
connection with his genend stock of merchandise, 
and a fair invoice will rate it above $8,000. 

In September, 1876, Mr. White assumed the office 
of Postmaster at Swedesburg. to which he was ap- 
pointed in August of that year. He has served in 
that capacity for eleven years, and is the present in- 
cumbent. Five children have come to bless the 
union of Mr. and Mrs. White, but two only are now 
living — Edmund E. and Thomas L. Those de- 
ceased are Mary, Anna and Elizabeth, all nearly 
grown when summoned from earth. The loss 
brought great grief, not only to the jDarents, but to 
a large circle of friends and acquaintances. 

As a business man, Mr. White is a fine representa- 
tive of Henry County's sons, and his eldest son is 
chief clerk in the store and office. His education 
was received at the noted academy founded by 
Prof. Howe, and in business he will receive a 
practical education in the trade at Swedesburg. 
We welcome our subject and family to a place 
among those of the pioneers who remain, and are 
among the reliable business men of the county. 



Jj'OHN WILSON, one (»f the pioneer settlers 
I of Henry County, was l>orn in Clay County, 
I Ky., July 10, 1809. He was reared in Clay 
' County, receiving his education in a log 
school-house. lie was married in that State to 
Miss Mary Thomas, and in 1835 they left Kentucky 
on horseback, bringing with them their three chil- 
dren and all tlie worMly goods thej' possessed. 
They first stopped for a short time on Brush Creek, 

and shortly after they purchased a claim on section 
2u, Center Township. Mr. Wilson building a log 
cabin where they lived for four j^ears. At the end 
of this time a fire destroyed their cabin, which was 
their all. This was supposed to be the work of an 
incendiary, the fire probabl}' being kindled bj' a 
man who wanted the claim. Before leaving Ken- 
tucky this same misfortune happpened to them, and 
now for the second time a fire destroyed their 
home, but a kind neighbor, Mrs. Maulding, gave 
them shelter until Mr. Wilson could provide an- 
other home for his family. A rude log cabin was 
constructed and into this they moved before the 
floor was laid. They had no bedstead, but putting 
up poles on which they placed some straw, with a 
free conscience they slept better than many a mil- 
lionaire in his luxuriant home. Mr. Wilson was 
taken sick about this time, and without mone}' the 
future indeed looked dark, but Mr. Rea gave him 
$75, which was truly a godsend to him, and in this 
way he was enaliled to keep the wolf from the door. 
At this time a little child was born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Wilson, and their noble friend, Mrs. Willeford, 
took the mother and her baby to her own home, 
caring for them for seven weeks until they could 
care for themselves. As the darkest hour is just 
before the dawn, so in the case of Mr. and Mrs. 
Wilson, the clouds now began to vanish and pros- 
perity to smile upon them ; Mr. Wilson worked hard 
and soon accumulated a corapetenc3'. 

Nine children came to bless their union, seven 
of whom yet live: iJavid, of Cirundy Center, Iowa; 
Alford, of Page County, Iowa, enlisted in the 25th 
Iowa Volunteer Infantrj-, serving as Second Lieu- 
tenant of the company; Sarah, wife of William 
Melton, and first white child born in this county, 
residing on the old homestead; Philip is a lumber 
dealer of Ft. Collins, Col.; Jemima J., wife of 
Peter Perine, both deceased ; Jonathan and Elislia, 
twins; the former now residing in Mt. Pleasant, en- 
listed in the 25th Iowa Volunteer Infantr3', and 
the latter resides in Baxter, Jasper Co., Iowa. 
Rachel, wife of George Cooper, of Osborne County, 
I Kan.; John, of Greene County, Iowa; Marj', wife 
! of Gabriel Burton, of Henry County, Iowa. 

In politics, .Mr. Wilson wjis a Democrat. He 
I and his wife were earnest Christian people, and 






were highly respected in the community where 
the}' resided. Alwaj's honest and ni>right, Mr. 
Wilsons' word was as good as his bond. The 
mother departed this life Oct. 16, 1873, being 
sixty-two years of age. She preceded her husband 
to the home of the redeem"fed thirteen years, he 
dying on the -iGth of January. 1887, at the age of 

-^ -^-^ "^ 

ON. JOHN S. WOO LSON, senior partner of 
V^ the prominent law firm of Woolson & Babb, 
of Mt. Pleas.-int, and a member of the Iowa 
State Senate, was born at Tonawanda, Erie 
Co., N. Y., Dec. 6, 1840. His father, Theron AV. 
Woolson, was an earlj- settler of Henry County, 
and a leading attorney (a sketch of his life and his 
portrait will be found elsewhere in this work). His 
mothers maiden name was Clarissa Simson. The 
family on both sides are descended from patriotic 
ancestry in the war of the Revolution. His pater- 
nal grandfather particii)ated in the war of Inde- 
pendence and in that of 1812, while his maternal 
grandfather took an active part in the latter war. 

Onr subject, as his histor\- shows, was true to the 
patriotic instincts of his forefathers, and bore his 
part in the War for the Union in 1861-65. He re- 
ceived liis primar}- education in his native town, 
and when sixteen yeai-s of age (June, 1856), he ac- 
companied his parent* to Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, where 
he entered the Iowa Wesleyau Universitj- as a 
student and graduated with the honors of his class 
in 1860. He at once engaged in the study of law 
in his father's otlice, but the breaking out of the 
war excited his patriotic ardor, and throwing aside 
his I'.lackstone and Chitty, he forsook the peaceful 
paths of the law for a position in the United Skites 
Navj\ He was appointed Assistant P.aymaster of 
the United States Navy in February, 1862, and 
was assigned to the United States sloop-of-war 
" Housatonic," of the South Atlantic squadron. He 
continued to serve on the " Housatonic " till she 
w:is sunk by a Confederate torpedo boat off Charles- 
ton Harbor, Feb. 17, 1864. The sloop sank within 
fifteen minutes after the torpedo exploded. 
Mr. Woolson succeeded in securing himself to a 

floating spar which proved but a precarious support, 
as it overloaded and submerged bj^ the numbers 
clinging to it. By the timely arrival of a l)oat from 
another vessel of the squadron, he and his compan- 
ions were rescued from their perilous position. 

He was next assigned to the double turreted 
monitor " Monadnock," then in service in the North 
and South Atlantic squ.adron. He participated in 
all the attacks on Ft. Sumter and both attacks on 
Ft. Fisher. He served at different times .as signal 
officer of the squadron, and during the attacks ou 
Ft. Fisher had command of one of the pilot-houses 
of the monitor. He was up the James River at the 
taking of Crow's Nest and the capture of Richmond. 
He was also at " Butler's Dutch Gap Canal," and 
served till the surrender of the Confeder.ate army 
and the close of the war. He was previously sent 
with an expedition to Havana to capture a rebel 
ram in those waters. The ram failed to accept the 
challenge, but sought protection under the guns of 
the Spanish forts. ^Ir. Woolson resigned his posi- 
tion in the regular service in December, 1865, re- 
turueil to Mt. Pleasant and resumed the studj' of 
law with his father as preceptor, and was admitted 
to the bar in Sei)tember. 1866. He at once formed 
a law partnership with his father, under the firm 
name of T. W. A- John S. Woolson, which connec- 
tion continued till the death of his father, Nov. 8, 
1872. In January, 1873, he formed the existing 
partnership with lion. W. I. Babb. 

Mr. Woolson has taken a prominent part in pub- 
lic affairs, and has been chosen to fill various offices 
of honor and trust. He has served several years as 
a member and Secretary of the School Board of 
Mt. Pleasant. He was appointed a member of the 
Henry County Board of Commissioners of Insanity 
in 1870, and was elected President of the Board, 
and held that position continuously" since. Mr. 
Woolson was elected b}' the Republican party to 
the State Sen.ate in 1875, was re-elected and served 
six j-ears. He appointed Chairman of the 
Judiciary Committee, was chosen President pro 
tem of the Senate, and had the honor of presiding 
at the re-inauguration of Gov. J. H. Gear. He 
was re-elected in 1885, and again elected President 
pro tem, which position he still holds. In 1884 he 
was the Republican candidate for Congress for the 






First Iowa Congressional District. Mr. Woolson 
had taken positive ground while in the State Sen- 
ate in favor of the right of the State and (General 
Government to control within constitutional limits 
the estalilishnient of rates of passenger and freight 
tratlic, and to protect tlie people against anj' extor- 
tion ])y monopolies. Notwithstanding the fact that 
he liad thus antagonized the powerful railvvay in- 
fluence, and that his opi>oneut, the Hon. Benjamin 
J. Hall, had the earnest and undivided support of 
the railway corporations, in addition to the prestige 
of an opposition majority of from 800 to 1,000, 
which had been cast against the Republican ticket 
in the two previous elections, Mr. Woolson was 
defeated by but seventy-three votes, a high com- 
pliment to his personal popularity. 

Mr. Woolson united in marriage at Mt. Pleas- 
ant, April 9, 18G7, to Miss Mira T. Bird, daugliter 
of Dr. W. Bird, a prominent physician and early 
settler of that city, and whose iiistor}' is given on 
another page. Mrs. Woolson was born at Freder- 
ickstown, Knox Co., Ohio. Five children were 
born of their union, four of whom are living: Paul 
B., born May 13, 18C8; Ralph T., born May 25, 
1871, died Nov. 8, 1886 ; Miriam, born May 19, 1873 ; 
Grace S., born .July 17, 1875; Ruth S., born Oct. 
18, 1880. Mr. Woolson, his wife and three elder 
children, are members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. He is a member of the McFarland Post 
No. 20, G. A. R., and of the Iowa Commandery of 
the Loyal Legion. He is a Master Mason, and a 
member of Mt. Pleasant Lodge No. 8. He and his 
wife are members of Betiilehem Chapter No. 38, of 
the order of the Eiistern Stiu-. 

Tiie sul>ject of this sketch is so well known that aii}-- 
tliing that might be said in a short sketch like this 
would not add to or detract from his high stiniding 
in the conmiunity with the present generation, but 
as this work is designed as a standard reference for 
coming generations, it is eminently proper to state 
that Mr. Woolson stands in the front rank of his 
profession in Henry County, and is among tlie 
leading lawyers of the State. He is an indefatigable 
worker and student, possessing qualities of mind 
and a high order of talent that eminentlj' fit iiim for 
the profession of the law and :\ foremost place 
among the legislators of tlie country. As a lawyer 

he is quick to analyze the subject matter of the 
business in hand, careful and methodical in the prep- 
aration of cases, eloquent and logical in his ad- 
dresses to court and jury, and isalways to be relied 
upon to present the claims of his clients in the best 
possible light and to guard their interests with 
ability, integrity and fidelit}'. As a legislator he 
has always proved true to the interests of ills con- 
stituents, consistent with his broad views of public 
policy. He served on important committees, in the 
discharge of whose duties he has alw.ays borne a 
prominent part. As a speaker, he is fluent, logical 
and eloquent. His well-known habit of thoroughly 
investigating any subject on which he is to speak 
adds force to his remarks and carries conviction to 
the minds of his audience. Possessing these char- 
acteristics, it is not strange that his people should 
favor him with their choice for positions of public 
iionor and trust, and that they are proud to ac- 
knowledge him as a leader among them. 

■^Z OHN MESSER, deceased, was a native of 
Ohio, and his parents were Job and Sarah 
(Green) Messer. He was among the earliest 
pioneer settlers of Heiuy Count}', Iowa, hav- 
ing come to this county in 1839, and settled in Tren- 
ton Township, on section 8, where he lived until the 
time of his death, which occurred Feb. 7, 18U5. 
He was united in marriage with Rhoda Ann Miller, 
and the}' were the parents of fourteen children, of 
whom Michael and .Sarah died 3'ouug; Josephus 
was the eldest; the next was John, of Trenton Town- 
ship; Miir}', wife of James II. Scarff, of Trenton 
Township; Job, also of Trenton Township; Simon, 
also a farmer of Trenton Township; Alfred, who 
died Aug. 27, 1885; Jane, wife of George Alexan- 
der, of Trenton Township; Calvin, residing in Jef- 
ferson Township; Alvin, who has charge of the 
home farm for his mother; Hannah departed this 
life in January, 1874; Lincoln; Becca Ann, wife 
of Is:iiic Shuck, a resident of Trenton Township. 
Jlr. Messer in early life alliliated with the Whig 
party, and until the organization of the liepublican, 
when he voted with the latter party. He served as 
a soltlier in tlie late Hebellion, enlisting in what was 

»» ■- 




known as the old Graybeard regiment, from which 
he was honorably discharged for disability. Mr. 
Messer owned a fine farm of eighty acres of land 
at the time of his death. Among the honored 
names of the pioneer settlers, that of John Messer 
ranks among the first. 

Joseplms Messer was born and reared on tlie farm 
in Trenton Township, on which his parents had set- 
tled on coming to Henry Connty. He was among 
the many brave boys in blue who fought so gal- 
lantl}^ for their country, enlisting in the 4th Iowa 
Cavalry, serving three years, and participating in 
the many battles in which his regiment was engaged. 
On the 9th of July, 18G4, he married Rebecca Jane 
Hoffman, a native of Indiana, and a daughter of 
Paul and Azuba (Washburn) Hoffman, the father a 
native of Canada, and the mother of Ohio. Mr. 
and Mrs. Hoffman are now residing in Decatur 
County, Kan. 

Mr. and Mrs. Messer have been the parents of ten 
children: Zion, born Nov. 1, 1865; Marj* Florence, 
born July 22, 1867, now the wife of Jesse F. Fields, 
a resident of Trenton Township; Freeman, born 
Nov. 26, 1868; Sheridan, Nov. 30, 1870; Alice, 
born March 6, 1872, died Aug. 14, 1873; Emma 
Jane, born Dec. 13, 1873; Joe, March 25, 1876; 
Azuba Ann, Oct. 27, 1879; Lavina, Aug. 10, 1881 ; 
Sarah Frances, Oct. 11, 1885; and Rhoda, May 26, 
1 887 ; one died in infancj'. Mr. Messer owns a 
farm of seventy -two acres of land, well cultivated. 
Politically he is an adherent of the Republican 
party. Mr. and Mrs. Messer are highly esteemed 
both as citizens and neighbors. 

AX E. WITTE, M. D., First Assistant 
Ph^^sician at the Iowa State Hospital for 
the Insane at Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, was born 
in Berlin, Prussia, on the 31st of January, 
His parents were G. W. and W. (Rakow) 
Our subject came to America with them in 
the autumn of 1864. The family located in Jack- 
son County, Iowa. Max E. received his literary 
education at Galena, 111., and then took a three- 
years course at the State University of Iowa, grad- 
uating from the medical department in the class of 


1881. He read medicine with Prof. W. D. Middle- 
ton, M. D., and began the practice of his profession 
at Davenport, Iowa. He was appointed to his 
present responsible position, and entered upon his 
duties as First Assistant Physician at the Iowa State 
Hospital in November, 1881. He is a member of 
the Lutheran Church, and Republican in politics. 
Dr. Witte has proved an able assistant to Dr. Gil- 
man, being well skilled in his profession, and 
earnest and conscientious in the discharge of the 
responsible duties of his offlee. 

-^*> o^.-(C)^><^..o*o <<— 

"jp ACOB TRAXLER, residing on section 25, 
Trenton Township, Henry Co., Iowa, is a na- 
tive of Cumberland County, Pa., born Sept. 
(^// i), 1831, and is of German ancestry. Our 
subject learned the trade of brick-making, which he 
has followed most of his life. He came to this 
county in 1854 with iiis father, settling in Marion 
Township, where he purchased 266 acres of land, 
which he afterward sold, buying a farm of 120 
acres on section 9 of the same township. He re- 
sided upon that farm from 1859 until 1884, and 
during that time made many improvements, but 
sold in that year, and rented a farm in Trenton 
Township, where he has since made his home. 

In the fall of 1855 Jacob Traxler was united in 
marriage with Eliza J. Hume. She was born Dec. 
18, 1838, in Ohio, and is the daughter of James 
Hume, a native of Virginia. B}' that marriage five 
children were born, namely: James B., who was 
born Sept. 21, 1856, w.asfor four j'ears School Super- 
intendent of Henr^- County, and is now teaching in 
Grenada, Col. ; an infant, born May 6, 1859, was 
the second child; Elizabeth J., born Aug. 5, 1860, 
who was a teacher in the public schools, became the 
wife of J. Wallace Miller, a farmer of Marion Town- 
ship; Grezelle A., born April 6, 1869, died in Ma^', 
1883; George C, born Ma}' 5, 1866, died in in- 
fancy. Eliza J. Traxler died Aug. 5, 1866. She 
was a devoted member of the Methodist Episcopal 

Mr. Traxler was again married, Jan. 16, 1867, to 
Ruth E. Carpenter, who was the widow of John F. 
Gould, of Jones County, Iowa, who died Feb. 28, 


>► m ^^~ 



1865, and by that marriage Mrs. Traxler had one 
child, Hiram E. Gould, now living in Nebraska. 
B}'' Mr. Traxler's second marriage ten children were 
born: Viola C, born Oct. 25, 1867; John E., Nov. 
15, 1869; Clarence C, 13, 1872; William L., 
April 29, 1874; Rosa Belle, Dec. .3, 1875; Mary A., 
April 5, 1877; Minnie B., born Feb. 25, 1879, died 
March 20, 1882; Alvin J., born Nov. 24, 1880, 
died Feb. 26, 1882; Louis E., l)Orn July 31, 1883; 
and Catherine, March 5, 1885. Polilicall}', Mr. 
Traxler is a Democrat, though he is liberal in his 
views. Mr. and Mrs. Traxler are among the highly 
respected people of Trenton Township, and we wel- 
come them to a place in the history of Hein-y 

,,.,, LEX. .S. PERRY is a farmer and stock- 
!0| raiser, residing on section 15, Center Town- 
Ill ship. He was born in Washington County, 
Pa., Jan. 12, 1826, and is the son of T. 
J. R. and Margaret (Gaston) Perry, the former a 
native of Maryland, and the latter of Pennsylvania. 
They were the parents of nine children: John G., 
decea.sed ; Alex. S., the subject of this sketch ; Char- 
ity A., wife of Wesley Howard, of Des Moines; 
Samuel G., who enlisted in Company C, 30th Iowa 
Volunteer Infantry, was killed May 22, 1836, dur- 
ing the siege of Vicksburg; Hon. Thomas, Jr., en- 
listed in the 1st Iowa Cavah-y, served nearly four 
years, and now resides in Western Kansas; William 
P. enlisted in Company C, 30th Iowa Volunteer In- 
fantry, serving out his time, re-enlisted and was trans- 
ferred to the Veteran Reserve Corps, being stationed 
at Indianapolis, Ind., where he was engaged guard- 
ing prisoners; he now resides on the old home- 
stead. Margaret married Jerome Turner, and is 
now deceased ; Mathew M. enlisted in the 45th Iowa 
Volunteer Infantry, served out his time, and now 
resides in Chariton, lovva; Rebecca is the wife of 
W. W. I'crry, of Pottawattamie County, Iowa. In 
11S45 the family emigrated to Des Moines County, 
Iowa, where the father located a large tract of land 
where he resided untd death. I'olitically, he was 
an old-lino Whig in his early life, but became a 
Republican on the organization of that party. He 

was elected a member of the House of Representa- 
tives of the General Assembly of Iowa, and served 
[ with credit to himself and constituents. A man of 
more than ordinary ability, he was a frieud to edu- 
cation, and everything calculated for the public 
good, was a strict temperance man and did much 
for that cause. 

The subject of this sketch remained in his native 
kState until nineteen j-ears of age, when he came to 
Iowa with his parents, and settled in Des Moines 
County. The educational advantages enjoj'ed by 
him were those of the common school, but the in- 
formation obtained therein has been supplemented 
b3' extensive reading since that day. On coming to 
Iowa he helped his father improve his farm, and for 
some time was engaged in breaking the wild prairie 

In 1855 Mr. Perry was united in marriage with 
Miss Catherine Baumguardner, a native of Eastern 
Pennsylvania and daughter of John Baumguard- 
ner, who settled in Des Moines County in 1849. 
After his m:u-riage, Mr. Perr^- engaged in farming 
until 1862, when, in response to the call of Presi- 
dent Lincoln for 300,000 more men to put down the 
Rebellion, he enlisted in Company C, 30th Iowa 
Volunteer Infantry, and was mustered into United 
States service at Keokuk. From Keokuk the regi- 
ment was seht to Benton Barracks, near .St. Louis, 
where it remained a short time, and was sent from 
there to Helena, Ark., and then to Chickasaw 
Bayou, where it was engaged, and where Mr. Perr3' 
was wounded in the hand. From the field, he was 
sent to the hospital at Paducah, K}'., where he re- 
mained three months, and was then discharged, re- 
turning to his home in Des Moines County, where 
he remained until 1868, when he moved to Ml. 
Pleasant, where he continued to reside until the 
spring of 1888, when he removed to his farm on 
section 13, Center Township, where he now lives. 
In politics, Mr. Perry is a Republican, and has allili- 
ated with that party since its organization. In 1 SIli;, 
while a resident of Des Moines Count}', he was 
elected Sheriff, and served one term. Mr. and Mrs. 
Perry have no natural heirs, but have reared three 
children, one of whom, Maria C. Wennick, is now 
the wife of William AL VanVleet, of New London. 
Mr. I'erry is a member of McFarland Post No. 20, 






G. A. R. Mrs. Perry is a member of the Christian 
Church of Mt. Pleasant. Both are highly respected 
citizens of the county. 

P^^=tREDERICK L. WIEGAND, merchant, was 
)j born in Saxe-Meinigen, Germany, in 1837, 
and is the sou of Andrus and Margaret 
(Chocher) Wiegand, both of whom were natives of 
Germany. By trade Andrus Wiegand was a cabi- 
net-maker, and carried on business in Badlevein- 
stein, a noted watering place, where he lived and 
died. They had only two sons, Charles F. and our 
subject. When ten years of age Frederick left his 
native land, his mother having married after the 
death of her first husband, Matthias Glotzbach, 
who preceded the family to America, settling in 
Philadelphia, where his wife with her two sons 
landed in 1846. At the age of eleven years Fred- 
erick went to work for a cotton manufacturer of 
that citj', and at twelve was apprenticad to a shoe- 
maker for five years, but his mother took him away 
when she, with her husband, left Philadelphia the 
next j'ear. In 1850 they started for Iowa but 
stopped to visit relatives in Indiana, afterward 
resuming their journey via the Ohio River, but when 
Louisville, Ky., was reached, the mother was taken 
violently ill, and after stopping in that city for 
some time, they returned to Madison, Ind. Later 
the illness of Mrs. Glotzljach grew more serious, 
and she was taken back to Louisville, and died in 
the hospital intliatcity in 1850. Charles remained 
in Philadelphia, being bound to a barber, and after 
serving out his apprenticeship, in 1863 went to Cal- 
ifornia, and for several j-ears had a shop on board 
a vessel plying between San Francisco and Panama. 
In 1858 he quit that business, having saved con- 
siderable money, and started east to look for his 
brother, knowing of his mother's death. After 
advertising largely in the papers without learning 
of the whereabouts of Frederick, he returned to 
Europe, thinking perhaps the orphan lad had gone 
back to his fatherland. Getting no tidings of him, 
however, he returned to America and located in 
Portland, Ore., married Rosina Wilhelm, and con- 
ducted a lar^e business. His death occurred twelve 


years later, and his widow and five children yet 
reside in that city. 

After the death of his mother our subject was set 
adrift by his step-father who refused to have any 
further care for him, and a young lad but fourteen 
years of age he started out alone in the world to 
seek his fortune, and for twenty-two years he neither 
saw nor heard of any of his relatives. He found 
employment first on a steamer running on the Ohio, 
lie found it hard to get a place, everyone thinking 
that a lad of his j'ears had run away from home, 
but by chance a gentleman having charge of a 
steamer kindly kept him over night, gave him his 
breakfast and ten cents in money, the first casli that 
he ever had of his own, and he found a situation 
the next daj^ as cabin boy on an Ohio steamer. He 
only staid a short time with this man, as he was a 
drinking and blasphemous fellow, but he found em- 
ployment in the same capacity on another boat 
running between Cincinnati and St. Louis, and in the 
former city met a boy who was an old acquaintance. 
Wishing to see the South they engaged on a boat 
bound for New Orleans, and while in that city the 
trunk containing the clothes of our subject was 
stolen, and he was left penniless. They tried for 
some time to obtain passage North, but had no 
monej' and could not obtain work. Finall^'^ they 
became stowaways on the steamer "United States," 
and for their provisions depended on the scraps 
left by the deck hands. Before the boys had jour- 
neyed three days the clerk spied them, and Fred- 
erick made a plain statement of the facts and was 
told by the clerk to remain, at least until the Cap- 
tain found them out, who it seems learned the same 
day that they were aboard. He put them off in 
Mississippi, where they remained until the next 
steamer came along. They were given shelter and 
something to eat by the negroes, and then boarded 
a boat with the consent of the Captain and were 
taken to Louisville. The cold weather was at hand 
and their clothes were getting thin. They walked 
to Madison, Ind., begging food en route. The 
other boy, John Yeager, had relatives living at 
Indianapolis, but at North Madison they became sep- 
arated, but Frederick being determined to find his 
companion, st-arted on foot and reached Indianapo- 
lis after .all kinds of adventures, where he discovered 







his boy friend who had found liis relatives, but 
tliere was no place for Frederick. A few d.nys later 
he obtained employment with Mr. Shirner, a farmer 
four miles east of the citj', only getting the place by 
persistent begging, as they feared he was a runa- 
way. They kindlj' cared for him during the win- 
ter, giving hira clothes, and during the next summer 
he engaged with a son, William Shirner, until the 
following spring. He remained in that vicinity- 
seven years working on farms. His education was 
very limited, less than six months including all his 
sciiooling in America. His wages were carefully 
saved, but at 15 and $10 per month his bank .ac- 
count was not very large when he left for Kansas 
in the spring of 1857, where he pre-empted a quarter 
section of land near Ossawatomie. His home was 
made with a Quaker, Richard Mendenhall, where 
old John Brown m.ade his headquarters, and Fred- 
erick was personally acquainted with that noted 
man. Mr. Wiegand improved his land and for 
eighteen years remained a farmer. In the spring 
of 1862 he enlisted in the Missouri State Slilitia, 
later enlisted in Company T), 15tli Kansas Cavahy, 
serving during the remainder of the war in the 
western army. At West Point, Mo., he was 
wounded and yet carries the ball which, however, 
causes him little inconvenience. After the war he 
returned to his farm, and in 18G7 was married to 
Miss Sarali ,]., daughter of Eli and INIartha (llun- 
nicut) White. INIiss White came into the neighbor- 
hood to teach school, and the acquaintance was 
then formed which resulted in marriage. In 1874 
Mr. Wiegand sold his Kansas farm and removed to 
Mokena, Will Co., 111., where for some time he 
operated a fruit farm and was subsequently elected 
Justice of the Peace, serving two years. The resi- 
dence in Mokena lasted nine years, and in July, 
188.'!, he disposed of the Illinois property and 
started to Oregon, but stopping in Salem to visit 
relatives of Mrs. Wiegand. and a business invest- 
ment offering .'it Hillsboro, he purchased the store 
and goods of William INIickelwaite, and has con- 
ducted the business to this date, having a large 
stock of general merchandise and a fine trade. He 
was api)ointed Justice of the Pe.'ice after coming to 
the village, but at present attends solely to his 
mercantile business, being aided by his wife and 

their only son, Charles F., born in Kansas in 1868. 
Mr. Wiegand is a successful business man and 
has accumulated a fine property, educated himself 
in language and business methods, and intends hav- 
ing his son graduate in a commercial college. Mr. 
Wiegand is a member of John L. Jordan Post 246, 
G. A. R., and is at present Post Quartermaster. 
He is also a member of the I. O. O. F. and of the 
Baptist Church. Mrs. Wiegand is a member of the 
Society of Friends. 

-^ ^^ ^ 

If^ ILLER MESSER is a farmer and stock- 
raiser of Henry County, Iowa, residing on 
section 17, Trenton Township, wiiere he 
owns 120 acres of land, all under a fine 
state of cultivation. He is a son of Hiram Messer, 
and was born in this county in 1848. His father 
came to Henry County in 18.39, locating on the 
farm where Miller now lives. The bojhood days 
of our subject were spent upon the farm on which 
he now resides. He received his education at the 
district school, and in 1870 was united in marriage 
with Miss Adeline Miller. She is the daughter 
of William Miller, and is a native of Ohio. Mr. 
and Mrs. Messer have been the parents of two chil- 
dren : Henry, who was taken from them by death at 
the age of three; and Layura May. He is one of 
the stalwart supporters of the Republican party, 
and has never swerved in his allegiance to the same. 
His business is that of general farming and stock- 
raising, and among the young business men of the 
county, Mr. Messer ranks with the first. 


JOHN T. MESSER, residing on section 17, 
Trenton Townshij), w;is born in Guernsey 
County, Ohio, Jan. 21, 1834, and is the son 
of Hiram .and Barbara (Miller) Messer. His 
father was a native of F.aj'ette County, Pa., and 
was the son of Job and Sarah (Green) Messer. He 
was one of a family of eight children, five boys and 
three girls — Israel, Hiram, James, John, Re.ason, 
Mariam, Harriet and Jane, and was reared on a 
farm. With the exceplii)n of a few 3'ears, when he 




was engaged in running a still for Andy Craig in 
his native State, he spent his entire life in farm- 
ing. In 1839 he emigrated with his family to 
Henry County, Iowa, settling on section 17, Tren- 
ton Township, where he resided till his death, which 
occurred April 12, 1871. His farm originally con- 
sisted of 371 acres. 

John T. Messer was reared on the farm on which 
he now resides. He was married, Jan. 28, 1855, to 
Senith Black, a native of Champaign, Ohio. Her 
father was Samuel Black, one of the pioneers of 
Henry County. By this union six children have 
been bom: Samuel Hiram, a farmer of Trenton 
Township; Albert Mitchell, also a farmer residing 
in Trenton Township; Anna Bell married George 
Black and lives in Trenton Township; James W., 
at home; Geneva Frances, born July 8, 1871, died 
at the age of three ; and an infant. Assisted by 
his good wife Mr. Messer has made all he possesses. 
By good management and close attention to busi- 
ness he has gained a competence, and now owns 
200 acres of finely improved land. He is a practi- 
cal farmer, and everything on the farm denotes 
thrift and enterprise. Mrs. Messer's father, Samuel 
Black, departed this life July 22, 18G5. 

-W/V -vtajl2£7g^g/»>-< 

•^^gyZTTT?!?^ -UW- 

<JY|OSEPH T. PATCH, attorney-at-law, has 
been a resident of Mt. Pleasant since De- 
cember, 18G9, and has been engaged in prac- 

tice since February, 1876. He was born in 

Rutland County, Yt., Sept. 25, 1838, and is a son of 
Abram and Lydia (Tucker) Patch. His father was 
born in Groton, now a suburb of Boston, Mass. 
His mother was a native of Rutland County, Vt. 
On the paternal side, the family had been residents 
of New England since the advent of the "May- 
flower," on which historic vessel the first Patch came 
to the New World. His mother was also a descend- 
ant of one of the old Colonial families of Mass.achu- 
setts. In his father's family there were two sons 
and three daughters. His brother is Joel V. D. 
Patch, a portrait painter living at Monroe, Iowa; 
the oldest sister was Lydia J., who died at the age 
of seventeen; Arethusia is the wife of Hon. E. C. 
Calkins, a prominent attorney of Kearney, Neb.; 

the youngest, Orvilla, died aged sixteen; the sub- 
ject of this sketch was the eldest of the family. 
When he was seven j'ears of age his parents removed 
to Erie Countj^, N. Y. He attended the Ellington 
Academy, in Chautauqua County, N. Y., for two 
years when he entered Union College at Schenectady, 
N. Y., then under the presidency of the celebrated 
Dr. Nott. After completing his junior year he left 
college and engaged in teaching school, following 
the profession for several years in the States of New 
York and Ohio. In 1863 Mr. Patch entered the 
law department of Michigan University at Ann 
Arbor, and graduated thence in 1865. That sum- 
mer he went to Polk County, Mo., and was for one 
year Principal of the academy at Bolivar, in that 
county. The following year he practiced law in 
Hickory County, Mo., and in 1867 took a trip 
which led to his settling in Mt. Pleasant. In 1869 
Mr. Patch began working at carpentering, at which 
he continued until 1876, when he resumed the 
practice of his profession in Mt. Pleasant, following 
it to the present time and also making a specialty 
of Government claims, at which he has been very 

September 28, 1869, Mr. Patch was married at Mt. 
Pleasant to Miss Mary E. Vernon, only daughter 
of Rev. J. B. Vernon, a pioneer of Henry County. 
She was bt)rn in Montgomery County, Ind. They 
have three children living, one boy and two girls, 
and have lost a daughter, Olivia M., who died at 
the age of seven j'ears. The other children are: 
Mary Edna, aged thirteen; Leroy Vernon, twelve; 
and Alline L., four. Mr. and Mrs. Patch are 
members of the First Methodist Episcopal Church 
in Mt. Pleasant. In politics he is a Republican, and 
socially is a worthy and estimable gentleman. 

yENGER BROS., merchants. The 
most enterprising firm of young men in the 
village of Wayland are the brothers, Joseph 
and Christian C. AVenger, both born in Washington 
County, Iowa, and are the two eldest sons of Chris- 
tian and Elizabeth (Goldsmith) Wenger. Christian 
was born in Switzerland and is a son of Christian 
and Mary (Roth) Wenger, who emigrated from 








Germany to Hamburg, Canada, and thence to 
\V^ashington Count}', Iowa, making the jourueywith 
a team, passing through Chicago when that now 
great city was a village but a trifle larger tlian 
Wayland. Settling in 1832, in Marion Township, 
Washington Co., Iowa, the grandsire of our subject 
purchased a claim, upon which stood a small cabin 
and later entered the lands. This family were 
among the first settlers in that county, and both 
lived and died upon the farm which the}' had put 
in fine cultivation. His wife reached sixtj', and 
Christian Wenger, Sr., the ripe age of eighty-three 
years. All their children but the three eldest were 
born in Canada, and came with them to Iowa, and 
perhaps no better family has ever settled in her 
boundary. We are pleased to make separate men- 
tion of each: John married Mary Ernst; Christian, 
father of our subject, wedded Elizabeth Goldsmith; 
Nicholas died unmarried; Joseph wedded Elizabeth 
Roth; Benjamin became the husband of Lena Gen- 
gerich ; Annie married Cliristian Eicher; Mary wed- 
ded Joseph Rich; Lena wedded Christian Ernst, a 
brother of John's wife; Katie became the wife of 
John Miller, of Davis County; and Barbara became 
the wife of Christian Schlatter, the proprietor of 
the Wayland sawmills. Under the name of Chris- 
tian Wenger the further history of the family is 
given. His five eldest children were born in Wash- 
ington County and are: Joseph, Christian, Samuel, 
Jacob and Lizzie, the latter the wife of Jacob Kabel. 
On the farm in Henry County, John, Daniel, Henry, 
Ella and Levi, were born. Samuel was educated at 
Howe's Academy, and has taught in the public 
schools of this county. The two eldest sons were 
educated in the schools of the township, but are 
brilliant business men, and their retail trade is suc- 
cessfully managed. 

In 1881 Christian C. left the farm and in 1882, 
in company with Benjamin Gardiner, engaged in 
the mercantile trade. Their new store building 
was erected in 1883, but prior to its completion 
Joseph purchased the interest of Mr. Gardiner, and 
tlie firm was changed to Wenger Bros. The firm 
carry a full line of general merchandise and the 
largest stock in the Miorthern part of the county, 
their stock invoicing over *G,000. Everything is 
of the best, and selling goods at the lowest living 

profit has given these young men a trade of over 
§10,000 per annum, and located as thcj' are in the 
midst of an excellent agricultural region, their trade 
is constantly increasing. They are an honor to their 
parents, their village and their countr}'. and to men 
of such business enterprise the growth and pros- 
peritj' of Henr}' County is due. 

The wedding of Joseph, the elder member of this 
firm, w.TS a brilliant affair, and was celebrated on 
Thursday, Oct. 27, 1887, the bride being Miss 
Katie, the handsome d.-iughter .of Mr. and Mrs. 
William Henss. the veteran wugon-maker, and one 
of the wealthy men of Wayland. The young couple 
took a pleasant bridal tour, and are now cosily set- 
tled in Wayland. the birthplace of the bride, who 
has one of the best of husbands and a man in whom 
the public repose confidence. 

Christian C. the younger member of the firm. 
but the original partner of ilr. Gardiner, is also 
happilj' married, having, on Dec. 8, 1887. been 
united to ^liss Ella, daughter of Isaac and Keziah 
Allen, of Wayhmd, of which jilaee she is a native. 
She was educated in the schools of the village, .md 
has always been regarded as one of the brightest 
and best of its daughters, as her husband is known 
as one of its most honorable and enterprising mer- 

1^^ ENRY CLAY AVEIR, residing on section 
29, Marion Township, was born in Wash- 
ington County, Pa., June 24, 1835. His 
parents, Adam and Marj' (Carter) Weir, 
were natives of Pennsylvania, though of Scotch 
descent. They were the parents of ten children : 
Elizabeth, the deceased wife of Abel Evans, resided 
in Washington Count}', Pa.; Sarah, wife of George 
McKanna, neither of whom are now living; Jane, 
the widow of J. N. Ringlaud, resides in Keokuk, 
Iowa; Maria, deceased ; Charlotte, deceased, the 
wife of Daniel F. Humphrey, who still resides at 
Saginaw, Mich.; John B. is living at Wymore, Neb., 
and is engaged quite extensively in the grain and 
stock business at that place; William C deceased; 
Henry Clay, subject of this sketch; Caleb B., who 
when his country called for men to defend her, 
enlisted in the 1 1 th Iowa Infantry, and was First 

. v' 









Lieutenant of Company G-, but acted as aide to 
Gen. McPhersou. Returning home on a sick fur- 
lough he was seriously injured in a railroad acci- 
dent at Chattanooga, Tenn., which, together with 
his impaired health, caused his death in August, 
18G4; James P. and family live in Marion Town- 

Adam Weir, with his family, moved to Lee 
County, Iowa, in 1851, and settled near Pilot 
Grove. In 1854 he bought eighty acres of land 
in that township, and added to it from time until he 
owned 120 acres of splendid land_and in a good 
state of cultivation. He died Dec. 1, 1874, at the 
advanced age of eighty-four years, having been born 
in 1790; his wife died in 1868. They were both 
members of the Presbyterian Church, of which be 
was an Elder, and always took an active part in 
matters pertaining to the church, and those of gen- 
eral interest to the community. They were highly 
respected by the citizens of both AVashington 
County, Pa., and Lee County, Iowa, where they 

Henry Clay Weir, the subject of this sketch, 
continued at home with his parents, working on the 
farm and attending the district school. On the 12th 
of June, 1802, he was married to Maggie Potter, 
who was a daughter of Andrew and Katharine 
Potter, being born in Cleveland, Ohio, Feb. 18, 
1842. Her father was a native of Ireland, and died 
about the year 1881, at Mt. Pleasant, Iowa. His 
wife is still living in Mt. Pleasant. 

Mr. and Mrs. Weir are the parents of live chil- 
dren: William, who died in infancy; Edward, May, 
Charles F. and Adam. After the marriage of Mr. 
and Mrs. Weir, they still remained at the old home- 
stead until 1866, when he bought 130 acres in Ma- 
rion Township, Lee Co., Iowa, and moved on to 
it. He added to his first purchase until he owned 
280 acres. In the fall of 1875 he sold his farm in 
Lee County, and bought 262 acres in Marion 
Township, Henrj' County, where he now resides, and 
has from time to time added to his original pur- 
chase until he now owns 500 acres, and it is not 
only one of the largest and finest but it is also one 
of the best cultivated farms in the count}', and he 
has the satisfaction of knowing that he has made it 
all by his own industry. In politics he is a Repub- 

lican, and was elected, in 1886, by the party as a 
member of the Board of Supervisors. Although 
a man of reserved habits, he is always willing to 
lend a helping hand to promote all public enter- 


• i^itf^' 

IP^-^ EV. EBER CRANE, deceased, was a well- 
\l^ known and highly respected mission minis- 
1 ter of the Baptist Church, and a resident of 
i^Henry County from 1853 to the time of his 
death, which occurred at Mt. Pleasant in 1884. 
The subject of this memoir was bom in Clinton, 
Conn., near Long Island, May 3, 1808. His ances- 
tors on his father's side were among the earliest 
colonists of New England. The histoi'y of the 
family dates back to earlj' in the seventeenth cen- 
tury, soon after the establishment of the Plj'mouth 
Colony of ^lassachusetts. Two brothers, Benjamin 
and Henry Crane, emigrated from England and 
settled in Southeastern Connecticut, and were the 
founders of the family in America. One of their 
descendants, Col. John Crane, was a prominent 
officer of the war of the Revolution. A meeting 
of representatives of the Crane family was held at 
the Elliott House, New Haven, Conn., Sept. 8, 
1880, to consider the advisability of compiling a 
genealogical record of the family. An association 
for that purpose was organized, which held a second 
meeting in New York City, Oct. 5, 1881. The 
President was Zenas M. Crane, of Dalton, Mass. ; 
Vice Presidents, Gen. Nerom M. Crane, of Horuells- 
ville, N. Y., and Phineas ^I. Crane, of East Boston. 
Plans were perfected for the work in hand. 

The parents of our subject removed to Ohio 
when he was but four j^ears old. Both died within 
a week of each other when Eber was in his sixteenth 
year, and this sudden double bereavement turned 
his thoughts to religious matters, and he was sin- 
cerely converted, and resolved to devote his life to 
the ministry of the Gospel. Returning East he 
began his studies in Newton Theological Seminary, 
in Massachusetts. Love for his fcllowmen, espec- 
ially for the poor and afflicted, which became such 
a marked characteristic in later life, developed 
early in him. While still a student, and before his 








ordination, he gave much of his time to the poor 
and the destitute. His heart overflowed with love 
for suffering humanity, and in imitation of the 
Divine ^Master he had elected to follow, he sought 
out the lowly and despised and "them who were in 
bonds," visiting almshouses and prisons, ministering 
to their inmates with love for their immortal souls 
and sympathy for their ufBictions, trying earnestly 
to guide them into leading better lives. 

Mr. Crane was an earnest thinker and a strong 
advocate of human liberty. He was one of the 
original Abolitionists, and while still a student was 
a member of William Llo^'d Garrison's little band. 
When he offered to join the society Mr. Garrison 
happened to have just received a very threatening 
letter (nothing unusual), in which he was advised 
to cease his agitation of the anti-slavery question 
or suffer the consequences, which it was plainly as- 
serted woidd be the loss of his life. He asked Mr. 
Crane if he knew what he was .about to do, and the 
probable consequences, at the same time giving 
him the letter spoken of. Mr. Crane assured liim 
that he liad given the matter due consideration 
and was ready to take all risks in a cause so holy. 
He became one of the most earnest workers in the 
then unpopular cause of abolition. 

After his ordination as a minister of the Baptist 
Church, Mr. Crane w;is engaged in the home mis- 
sion work of the cliurch in tlie then AVestern State 
of Ohio. While engaged in this field he became 
convinced of the great evils of intemperance, and 
with characteristic zeal espoused the cause of total 
abstinence, at a time when it required great courage 
and indomitable will to join in the crusade against 
liquor, which in that day was in universal use, 
among church members and the clergy almost as 
much as among others. In this cause he was an 
earnest laborer until his death. His labors in Ohio 
were productive of much good, and he filled man}' 
lmi)ortant pastorates in that State, remaining there 
until 1853, when in consequence of impaired hc.allii 
he came to Iowa, settling with his family in Mt. 
Pleasant. He pursued his hoi}' calling in this 
county and vicinity until the inexorable reaper. 
Death, closed his useful career on April 4, 1884, 
at the ripe .age of seventy-live j'ears, eleven months 
and one day. 

Mr. Crane's S3'mpathies were alw.ays witli the op- 
pressed and in favor of human freedom. During 
the border war in Kansas begun under President 
Pierce's administration, he took an active part in 
favor of the free State men, making many eloquent 
speeches, .and doing much to mold public ojiinidn. 
On the breaking out of the war of the Rebellion he 
was of course a chami)ion of the cause of the Union, 
:nid freel}' gave to the ranks of his country's de- 
fenders the two of his sons who were of sufficient age 
to become soldiers. True to his anti-slaver}' prin- 
ciples and instincts, he was from the first a believer 
in the truth that the war could never be ended un- 
til the curse of human slavery was wiped from the 
country. He was an early and earnest advocate of 
the public school system, and was a member of the 
School Board of Mt. Pleasant when it adopted, 
and it was by this bo.ard the new scliool buildings 
were erected, which marked such an important ad- 
vance in public education. 

Mr. Crane twice mai-ried, first in INIethuen, 
Mass., to Caroline Nevins, wlio died at Akron, 
Ohio, leaving no issue, her only child being buried 
with her. He was .again married, at Kent, Ohio, 
Dec. G, 1837, to Nancy A., daughter of Deacon 
William Kuowlton. Mrs. Crane was born in Bran- 
don, Vt., Jan. 5, 1817. They were blessed with 
eight children, five sons and three daughters: Baron 
H. is a merchant in Mt. Pleasant (see sketch) ; 
Ilervey N. married Ellen M.ay, dauglitcr of INIaj. 
Lyman, of Muscatine. Iowa, and is also a merchant 
at Mt. Pleasant; Carrie E. is the wife of Josiah P. 
Brenholtz, of Mt. Pleasant; .Tubus A. is a pr.actic- 
ing physician at Santa Ana, Cal.. and is married to 
Minnie, daughter of Hon. O. H. Sehenck, of Bur- 
lington, Iowa; Klla AV., Mrs. Leib, died in 18S4, 
aged thirty-four; Mary F. met a tragic death b\- 
drowning at Marengo, Iowa, July 2y, 1875, at the 
.age of twenty-four: Eber K. is ra.arried to Nettie, 
daughter of Gen. George A. Stone, of Mt. Pleas- 
ant, and resides at Humboldt, Neb.; Willie K., the 
youngest, lives with his mother in Mt. Plea.sant. 

The life of Mr. Crane was until its close one of 
usefulness and honor. In liis .age, as in his youth, 
he was the fiiend of the poor and the afflicted, and 
the miserable and neglected ever found in him a 
true friend and consoler. It might truly be said of 

■► m -^ 






him as of Abou Ben Adhem, of old, he was "one 
who loved his fellowmen," and death found him 
ready to meet that Master to whose service his life 
had been consecrated, and the upright man was 
laid to his last rest amid the tears and prayers of a, 
large concourse of sorrowing friends, who yet do 
not mourn " as those without hope," knowing he is 
but gone to meet the reward promised by Him who 
said : "Mark the perfect man, and behold the upright, 
for the end of that man is peace." 

The portrait of Mr. Crane on a preceding page is 
one eminently fitted to grace the pages of this 
volume. He was truly a representative of one of 
the highest types of humanity, and our readers will 
thank us for preserving his lineaments to future 

lARON H. CRANE, dealer in hardware, 
stoves and tinware, Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, the 
eldest child of Rev. Eber and Nancy A. 
^^^ (Knowltun) Crane, was born in Kent, Port- 
age Co., Ohio, Nov. 20, 1838. His father was born 
at Clinton, Conn., near Long Island Sound, May 3, 
1808. He was descended from one of the oldest 
families of New England (see sketch). Baron H. 
spent his boyhood in his native State, and in 1853 
came with his parents to Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, where 
he completed his schooling. He was engaged in 
farn)ing until he enlisted, in August, 1802, as a 
private of Company B, 25tli Iowa Volunteer In- 
fanti'y. He was regularlj^ promoted through all the 
non-commissioned officers of his compan}', and was 
commissioned Second Lieutenant and detailed as 
aide-de-camp at headquarters 3d Brigade, 1st Divis- 
ion, ISth Army Corps, where he served till the 
close of the war, and was mustered out after three 
years' service, in June, 1865. He participated 
in twenty-seven distinct engagements, and was 
wounded at the battle of Chattanooga by a gunshot. 
He participated in the capture of Columbia, S. C, 
and received honorable mention in the offlei.-il re- 
port of his Colonel (Stone) for gallant conduct on 
that occasion. After his return from the war he 
spent the succeeding four years in farming, at the 
end of which time he engaged in the hardware busi- 

ness in Mt. Pleasant, in 1869, and has carried it on 
continuously since that time. He was married at 
Quiney, 111., Jan. 2, 1866, to Miss Abbie E. Mellen, 
daughter of Wilder J. and Al)igail K. (VanDoorn) 
Mellen, of that city. Mrs. Crane was born at 
Quiney, 111., July 18, 1843. Her father .and pater- 
nal grandfather were both born in Massachusetts, 
and were of Scotch-Irish descent. On her mother's 
side she is descended from the Ingrams, her 
forefather, Timothy Ingram, having married a lady 
who was the only heir to the great estates of Joseph 
Wilson, of Leeds, England, and which were entailed 
to the fourth generation, which is the present in the 
history of the family. The Ingrams and their kin 
have arranged to prosecute this claim to the estate, 
which is very extensive and valuable. Mr. and 
Mrs. Crane have nine children, five sons and four 
daughters, all born in Mt. Pleasant, and in the fol- 
lowing order — Anna M., Herbert W., Laura E., 
Frederick B., George E., Julius H., Ralph K., 
Helen Van D. and Edith Allison. Mr. and Mrs. 
Crane are members of the First Baptist Church. 
Mr. Crane is a Republican in politics, and is a mem- 
ber of McFarland Post No. 20, G. A. R. 

Mr. Crane has been a resident of Ilenrj^ County 
for nearly thirty-five years, and an active business of Mt. Pleasant for more than eighteen years. 
He has proved himself an upright, honorable citizen, 
a patriotic, brave and gallant soldier, and kind hus- 
band and father. He has an elegant home in the 
eastern part of the city, where he passes mueth of 
his time in the genial company of his wife and 


Since the above was written the silent reaper Death 
has invaded this happy home, and the family circle 
has been broken by the loss of its honored head, 
who passed from this life Dec. 20, 1887. Mr. 
Crane's health was somewhat impaired by hard- 
ships endured while in the service of his country, 
and he never afterward very robust, but did 
not consider himself an invalid until about five 
years since, when it became evident that an incur- 
able disease had fastened itself upon him. Since 
that time he had gradually failed, but though 
knowing he could never recover, he attended 
cheerfully to his business until a week before his 






death. The end, though not unlocked for either 
by himself or friends, came rather suddenly, as he 
was not confined to his bed until less than twenty- 
four hours before his death. His remains were fol- 
lowed to their last resting-place by a large con- 
course of sorrowing friends, by his comrades of 
McFarland Post, and by tiie members of James A. 
Harlan Post No. 34, Sons of Veterans. In his death 
society lost a useful and honored member, his com- 
rades a brave and generous associate, and his family 
a loving husband and devoted parent. 

-^ ^-^ —^-^ 


^i OL CAVENEE, farmer, also importer and 
breeder of thoroughbred Norman horses. 
Short-horn cattle and Poland-China hogs, 
residing on section 5, New London Town- 
ship, is the only importer in that township of 
blooded horses. His post-ofHce address is Mt. 
Pleasant. The subject of this sketch was born in 
the town of New Lexington, Perry Co., Ohio, Maj' 
20, 1841, and is the son of Patrick and Jane 
(Montgomery) Cavenee. His father was liorn in 
Bedford County, Pa., in LSI 2, and was of Irish 
descent. His mother was born in North Carolina, 
Dec. 2, 1811. The family emigrated to Henry 
County, Iowa, in 185G, and settled in Center Town- 
ship, where the father purchased a farm and con- 
tinued to reside until the time of his death, whicli 
occurred Aug. 28, 1855. The mother survived her 
husband and resides at Mt. Pleasant. 

Our subject was reared on his father's farm, and 
when twenty years of age enlisted, in September, 
1861, as a member of Company K, 4th Iowa Cav- 
alrj', and served four years, or until the close of 
the war, and was mustered out Aug. 10, 1865. 
Mr. Cavenee's regiment was assigned to the loth 
Army Corps, and took part in most of the prin- 
cipal battles in the Southwest. In the battle of 
Guntown, Tenn., his company' lost half their number 
in killed and wounded. He was detailed as Orderly 
on the staff of Gen. Thomas, and served in that 
capacity several months. On his return from the 
army he resumed farming, and was married at 
Trenton, Iowa, Nov. .'5, 1868, to Miss J.anc Will- 
iams, daughter of Hopkin Williams. Mrs. Cavenee 

was born in Marshall (now Wayland). Henry Co., 
Iowa, May 19, 1840. Her people were from Wales, 
and emigrated to Henry Count}' in 18.34, being 
among the verj' earliest pioneers (see sketch of 
Evan Davies). Mr. and Mrs. Cavenee have four 
children, one son and three daughters: Georgiana, 
born Oct. 27, 1869; Nellie Winnie, born Sept. 2, 
1872; Mary Jane, born July 12, 1876; Clark M. 
was born on the fifth Sunday in Fel)ruary, 1880, 
which was the 29th, and he will be forty yeai-s old 
before his birthday .again falls on Sunday. 

Mr. (;;avenee purchased his present farm in 1865, 
where he has made his home continuously since, 
and has 220 acres of well-improved prairie land. 
He has been largely engaged in importing and 
breeding thoroughbred Norman and English Shire 
horses. On his last trip to Europe he imported ten 
fine horses, and has now in his stables two of the 
finest specimens of Norman and one of English Shire 
stallions that can be found in the West. He also 
breeds full-blood Siiort-horn cattle and Poland 
China hogs. Mr. Cavenee has devoted much time 
to the study of the best methods of improving the 
stock best .adapted to this region, and his travels 
and investigations of the various breeds in the stock-growing centers of Europe, have enabled 
him to mature his judgment and select the best. He 
is widelj- and favorably known as a successful 
stockman, and his horses have a reputation secorid 
to none in the State. He has held various local 
ollicos, and has been a consistent Kopuhlican since 
the organization of tiiat party. Both Mr. and .Mrs. 
Cavenee are members of the INIethodist Episcopal 

.m.^^—^ 0.,W1.1. 

■O ^^-{.^B. 

VH. WISE, of the firm of W. 11. Wisest Co., 
hardware dealers, of Winfield, Iowa, estab- 
lished a hardware store in 1887. It is one 
of the neatest stores in that part of the county. 
They carry a full and complete line of shelf hard- 
ware, and the l)usincss cannot help but be a success 
when conducted l)y the gonial proprietors, W. H. 
and C. I. Wise. In comicction with hardware they 
also carry a full line of machinery, including thrash- 
ers manuf.actured b^' the Springfield Engine and 
Thi'ashing Company, of Springfield, Ohio, and also 





D. M. Osborne & Co.'s harvesters anrl mowers, 
both of which are leading machines. They also 
carry first-class buggies, received from Washington, 
Iowa. The members of the firm are both young 
men, and by tlieir fair dealing have gained a lib- 
eral share of patronage. 

W. H. Wise was born in Greene County, Pa., 
April 13, 1856. He is a son of Morgan Wise, now 
a resident of this county. While yet an infant, his 
parents removed to La Salle. 111., where Mr. Wise 
grew to manhood. He was educated in the com- 
mon schools <jf Illinois, and also attended school in 
Winfield, to which place they removed in 1872, 
and subsequently he took a partial course at the 
University of Mt. Pleasant, in the fall of 1874. In 
1879 Mr. Wise began business for himself; he 
purchased an interest in the grocery and restaurant 
business, and the firm was known as Glass & Wise. 
The following spring the business was sold out and 
he began work in a clothing store. In the spring 
of 1885 he purchased a half interest in the store 
and the firm name was again Glass & Wise. In the 
fall of 1886 he sold his interest to Mr. Glass, and 
engaged in the hardware and implement business, 
as before stated. In 1878 W. H. Wise led to the 
marriage altar Ellie L. Farr, daughter of Herman 
H. and Almira Farr. Mrs. Wise is a native of Ver- 
mont. One child was born of this union, Lorena 
Myrtle. Mr. Wise is a member of the Masonic 
fraternity. In politics he affiliates with the Demo- 
cratic party. 

yll. TAYLOR, Sr., residing on section IG, 
Center Township, Henry Co., Iowa, was 
born in Providence, R. I., Sept. 10, 1816, 
and is a son of Horace and Hannah (Ballon) T.iylor. 
A shoemaker by trade, his father had a contract 
for making army shoes during the War of 1812. 
In 1818 he removed to Lewis County, N. Y., where 
he secured Government land, residing there for 
some years, engaged in farming during the summer 
and shoemaking during the winter. Horace and 
Hannah Taylor were the parents of nine children, 
five sons and four daughters, six of whom are now 
living. Later, in 1828, the family removed to Mid- 


d-lebm-y, Vt., where the children found employment 
in the cotton factory. 

William Taylor, in 1829, was apprenticed to a 
harness-maker, Walter R. Gilkey, in Middlebury, 
Vt., receiving no compensation during the five 
years of his apprenticeship except his board and 
clothes, and at the age of tvventy he emigrated with 
his brother Horace and others in an emigrant c.inal- 
boat on LakeChamplain to Whitehall, .and was three 
weeks making the journey to Buffalo, N. Y. . Re- 
maining in that city but a short time, he went to 
Cleveland, Ohio, working there for six months, and 
then proceeded to Athens, Ohio, where he had a 
half-sister living, and remained there for a year. 
Subsequently going to Marietta, that State, he there 
became acquainted with Susan H. Talbot, daughter 
of William and Jemima J. Talbot, and their mar- 
riage was celebrated Oct. 28, 1838, the ceremony 
being performed by the Rev. Mr. Petty. Carrying 
on harness-making until 1856 in Marietta, he, with 
his family, removed to Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, and 
again embarked in the same business. Eight chil- 
dren grace their union: Sarah E., wife of Dr. T. L. 
Andrews, resides in Wichita, Kan.; B. Franklin 
enlisted in Company B, 25th Iowa Volunteer In- 
fantry, under Capt. Smith, participating in the battle 
of Arkansas Post, and during the siege of Vicks- 
burg contracted a disease from which he never 
recovered, dying in the general hospital at St. 
Louis, Mo., and was buried in Forest Home Ceme- 
tery, Mt. Pleasant; W. H., Jr., a resident of Wichita, 
Kan., enlisted in the 100-days regiment, and served 
on guard duty near Memphis, Temi. ; Mary S. is in 
business in Bloomfleld, Davis Co., Iowa; Anna 
T., wife of Clinton !M. .Shultz, commercial editor of 
the Pioneer Press, at St Paul, Minn., where they 
reside; Laura J., wife of Will Van Benthuysen, 
who is night editor of the Chicago Tribune, having 
the general make-up of the paper, and the son of 
Judge Van Benthuysen, of Bloomfield, lovva; Nellie 
L., wife of Nelson Culver, a carpenter of Chicago; 
RoUie, the youngest child, is at home. 

Among those who so gallantly defended their 
country during the late Civil War, besides his two 
sons, Mr. Taylor had two brothers and five nephews. 
One brother, Hor.ace, was taken prisoner during the 
Kilpatrick raid on Richmond, suffering all thecruel- 



•► ■ •^ - 




ties and miseries of the rebel treatment of prisoners 
of war, and at last starved to death on Belle Isle. In 
early life Mr. Taylor was a Whig, casting his first 
vote for "the log cabin candidate," William Henry 
Harrison, and since the organization of the Repub- party he has been one of its stanch supporters. 
Nearly half a century has elapsed since Mr. and Mrs. 
Taylor were married, and we gladly welcome this 
worthy couple to a place in the history of Henr3' 

^ HARLES G. WILLITS, one of the prom- 
inent citizens of Henr^' County, Iowa, re- 
siding on section 34, Marion Township, was 
born Jan. 12, 1821, in Fairfield County, Ohio, and 
is the son of Samuel and Elizabeth (Gossage) 
Willits, the former a native of Penns3'lvania and 
the latter of Maryland. Samuel Willits was mar- 
ried three times. His first wife was Miss Mary 
Harrison, by whom he had one daughter, Sarah A., 
now living in Montgomery Count}-, Iowa, at the 
advanced age of seventy 3'ears. His second wife 
was Elizabeth Gossage, by whom he had seven chil- 
dren, four sons and three daughters : Charles G. ; 
Jesse married Mary Ann Shields, resides in fier- 
cer County, 111. ; George died in 1851, in New 
Boston, III. ; Tabitha, deceased wife of Samuel 
Sheriff, who is a resident of Geneseo, 111. ; Elizabeth 
J. died at the age of twelve; Mary R. died in 
infancy'; Job died in Chicago in April, 1887, where 
his wife and children yet live. IMrs. Willits de- 
parted this life in March, 1831, in Fairfield County, 
Ohio. She was a devoted Christian. Mr. Willits 
was again married, in 1836, to Miss Nancy Hall, 
a native of Vii-ginia. In the fall of 1837 thej' 
removed to Mercer County, III., settling upon a farm, 
where the children grew to manhood and woman- 
hood. Mr. Willits' third wife died in August, 

Our subject was united in marriage, in Mercer 
County, 111., with Miss Rachel Thornton, a native 
of Peinisylvania, a daughter of Eli Tliorntoii. Mr. 
and Mrs. Willits were the parents of four children, 
who were born in Mercer County, 111. : Charlotte, 
wife of William Hendricl<s, a farmer in Musca- 
tine County, Iowa; Sarah married Jolni Litzeu- 

burg, a farmer of Hamilton County, Neb. ; Alice, 
the wife of Orville Campbell, a farmer in Wano, 
Kan. ; Thornton married IMiss Marj' Carrons, the 
only daughter of Robert Carrons, a large land- 
owner in Henry Count}-, residing in Center Town- 
ship. In the spring of 1855 Mr. Willits emigrated 
to Henrj' County, Iowa, where he bought 320 acres 
of land partially improved on sections 35, 34, 2U 
and 27. In this county three other children were 
born to them: Samuel died at the age of sixteen; 
Ledru married Miss Nancy Lee, a native of Iowa; 
Novello is the widow of Leander Shields. The 
mother departed this life in March, 1862; she was a 
devoted member of the Presbyterian Church, and 
a noble wife and mother, and was buried in the 
Ebenezer Cemetery. 

]\Ir. Willits, in 1803, married Miss Ellen Cozier, 
a daughter of John and Hannah (Carter) Cozier, 
both of whom were natives of Clarke Count}', 
Ohio; the former born Dec. 21, 1810, died June 7, 
1863, and the latter born Oct. 9, 1811, died May 
25, 1857. They were the parents of thirteen chil- 
dren — Benjamin, Ellen, Sophronia, Minerva, Sarah 
A., Hugh, Ilenr}', Lisset, Martha Jane, Mary 
Frances, John C, William H. and Harriet ^'. Of 
these four are dead — Sarah- A., Minerva, William 
H. and Henry. Mrs. Willits was born in Clarke 
County, Ohio, and attended school in her native 
State, completing her education in Springfield, 
Ohio. She is a fine scholar, taking an active interest 
in all educational work, and had seven sisters who 
were teachers, and a brotlier wlio had charge of the 
schools of Mt. I'lcasant for thirteen years. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Willits liavc been born two children: 
John C, now in Boston, Mass., finishing his educa- 
tion for the ministry: Wilniot Charles is attending 
school in Ml. Pleasant. Mr. Willits has taken great 
pride in educating his children. aii<l all arc well 
qualified to hold any position they are called upon 
to fill. Teaching was alwa3's Mrs. Willits' favorite 
occupation, and she spared no pains to prepare her- 
self for her work, and withheld no energy that 
necessary to success. Mr. and Mrs. Willits have 
truly a model famil}', none of them having used 
tobacco and liquor in any waj*. Mr. Willits is 
one (>{ the pioneer settlers of Henry County, and 
is entirely a self-maile man. Wiliiout a cent in his 



<--w r <*' 




pocket he began life working by the month, saving 
his earnings, and in this way got a start. He bought 
eight acres of land which he improved, afterward 
buying a farm of eighty acres, adding to this until 
he had at one time a fine farm of 400 acres, but 
has sold and given to his son Thornton until he now 
has 287 acres. He sold his farm of 400 acres in 
Mercer County, 111., and came to Henry County, 
/purchasing the land as above stated, and all this he 
has made by his own industry and economy. An 
honorable, upright man, always ready to advance 
any public enterprise, he has the respect of the 
whole community. The family are members of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. Mr. Willits is a zeal- 
ous Republican, and is always working for the 
advancement of his party. 

— s-- 



pioneer physician and surgeon of New 
London, Henr}' County, and a resident of 
(^g// Iowa since 1837, was born in Barren County, 
Ky., Nov. 7, 1828. His p.arents, Jonathan and 
Sarah (Frazier) Philpott, were also pioneers of Iowa. 
Jonathan Philpott was born in Barren County, Ky., 
Aug. 27, 1806, cametoDes Moines County in 1837, 
and to Henry County in 1854. His death occurred 
in New London Township, April 2'J, 1857. His 
wife, Sarah Frazier, was born in Tennessee, Nov. 12, 
1801>, and died in Des Moines County, Iowa, July 
4, 184L 

Dr. Philpott emigrated from Kentucky to Des 
Moines County, Iowa, with his parents in 1837. 
He attended a select school at Burlington and the 
Wesleyan University at Mt. Pleasant, where he re- 
ceived his literary education. On the completion 
of his college course he entered upon the study of 
medicine at Burlington, with Dr. pj. D, Ransom as 
preceptor. He attended botii medical colleges of 
St. Louis, tiie Missouri Medical and the State 
Medical, but did not com|)lete a course in either. 
He then attended the American Medical College at 
Cincinnati, then a regular medical school, later 
eclectic in its system of instruction, and graduated 
in the class of 1854. He entered upon the practice 
of his profession at New London, Iowa, July G, 

1854, and has pursued it with marked success con- 
tinuousljr since, covering a period of over thirty 
years. Studious in his habits and a close observer, 
Dr. Philpott has kept well up with the times, and 
is thurougiily skilled in his profession, both as a 
physician and surgeon. His practice has extended 
through Henry and adjoining counties, and has 
proved eminently successful. The fact that his 
books show that he has attended 2,683 obstetric 
cases should convey something of an idea of the 
extent of his practice in that direction, while his 
general practice, both as a physician and surgeon, 
has been extensive. The Doctor is the oldest, both . 
in years and experience, of the local physicians of 
New London, and justly ranks as one of the lead- 
ing members of the profession in Henry County. 

He was united in marriage at New London, Iowa, 
Aug. 15, 1854, with Miss Louisa M. Farrar, daugh- 
ter of Philetus and Calista (Farrell) Farrar. Mrs. 
Philpott was born in Rupert, Bennington Co., Vt., 
April 26, 1 831. Her father was born in New Hamp- 
shire, and her mother in Vermont. Four children 
were born of their union, two sons and two daugh- 
ters: Sarah Calista was born Aug. 23, 1855, and 
died Sept. 11, 1856; John William was born Dec. 
24, 1856. He began the study of medicine with 
his father and is a graduate of the Keokuk College 
of Physicians and Surgeons, at Keokuk, Iowa, of 
the class of 1878, and also of the medical depart- 
ment of the University of Vermont, of the class of 
1884. He is .at present the local surgeon, at Ft. 
Madison, Iowa, of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa 
Fc Railroad, and enjoys an extensive and lucrative 
practice. He is thoroughly skilled in the science 
of medicine .and surgery, and has won a place in 
the foremiist ranks of the profession. Dr. J. W. 
Philpott married Miss Lucy L. Bollinger, daughter 
of Alexander Bollinger, and has one child, Austin 
Flint, born Feb. 15, 1882. The Doctor is a Knight 
Templar Mason, belonging to the Lodge, Chapter 
and Commandery in Ft. Madison. Charles Harvey, 
the second son, was born at New London, Iowa, 
May 22, 1860. He, too, entered upon the study of 
medicine with his father, and is a graduate of the 
medical department of the State University of 
Iowa, of the of 1882. Soon after his gradu- 
ation he located at Omaha and engaged in practice, 






and was admitted to membership in the Nebraska 
State Medical Association, which he had the honor 
to represent in the American Medical Association 
at Chicago in the session of 1887. He is also a 
member of the Iowa State Medical Association, and 
a member of the Des Moines Valley Medical Asso- 
ciation, and is engaged in practice at Burlington. 
Four years since, he was appointed local surgeon of 
the Iowa Central and Chicago, Burlington & Quincy 
Railroads, which position he still holds. He has 
built up an extensive practice and stands at the 
head of his profession. As a skillful surgeon his 
services are sought far and near, in difficult and 
dangerous cases, and his reputation is already 
assured. He was united in marriage with Miss Eva 
E. Smith, daughter of the Rev. U. B. Smith, of 
Danville, Iowa. Dr. C. H. Philpott and wife are 
members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and 
he, like his brother, is also a Knight Templar Mason, 
a member of Malta Commander}' No. 31, of 
Ottumwa. Dr. J. II. Philpott's daughter, Mary 
Ellen, or "Minnie," as her friends call her, was born 
at New London, Jan. 23, 1862, and is the wife of 
E. A. Lyman, editor and publisher of the New 
London Eclipse, to whom she was married Sept. 4, 

The Doctor is a Master Mason, and a member of 
New London Lodge No. 28, A. F. & A. M. He 
and his wife are members of the Presliytcrian 
Church, and politically the Doctor and both his 
sons are Republicans. 

/^ IIARLKS D. WOOD, residing on section 21, 
((( n ^*''"'''^'' 'I'ownship, Henry Co., Iowa, was 
^^J l>orn in Quincy, 111., Dec. 12, 1837, and is 
the youngest son of Daniel and Kdith Wood, the 
former a native of Long Island. N. Y., and the lat- 
ter, whose maiden name was Edith Athens, of North 
Carolin.a. When young people, they came to Hamil- 
ton County, Ohio, with tlioir parents, where they be- 
came acquainted and united in marriage. After a 
few years' residence in Ohio, they removed to Law- 
renceburg, Ind., where they remained for three 
years, and securing some forest land, they hewed 
down the trees and develope"d a line farm. Bcconi- 

ing dissatisfied with the country on account of ill- 
health, they returned to Ohio, remaining there but 
a short time, next taking up their residence in 
Quincj% 111. At the expiration of two j'ears, they 
left that city, crossed the "Father of Waters" into 
Iowa, locating near Lowell, Henry Count}', and 
after a residence of six months, removed for the 
last time to the homestead which was occupied by 
them until, by the hand of death, they were called 
hence, the father departing this life Sept. 10, 1881, 
in the eighty-fifth year of his age, the mother June 
8, 1866, aged sixty-two j'ears. Both were con- 
sistent members of the Methodist Episcopal Church 
for over forty years. Mr. Wood was an earnest 
advocate of every charitable and noble cause, con- 
tending fearlessly for the rights of his fellowmen of 
whatever race, color or condition, and for many 
years was proud to be a member of that heroic lit- 
tle band of Abolitionists, who so nobly battled and 
suffered in the cause of human rights, .and later, 
when the war cloud that for years had been gather- 
ing, burst, and Ft. Sumter was fired upon, at the 
appeal from the National Government aX Washing- 
ton for money to .arm and equip the soldiers in the 
field, he proved his patriotic faith bj- cheerfully 
tendering all his available means to his countrj-, re- 
ceiving from the Government jiromise to pa\-, and 
continued to do this from time to time, until the 
war was ended, and the country saved. During the 
darkest days of the Rebellion, when the armies for 
the Union were beaten back, the country seemed to 
be trembling in the balance, and the hope of many 
had wellnigh given w.ay to despair, he was admon- 
ished that there was great risk in placing so much 
of his h.ard-earned savings in the Government. To 
this, he promptly replied, "tliat if tlie Governnient 
went to pieces, it would probably be upcm that 
theory, and if we should all act on that sup- 
position the Government would surely not be main- 
tained. Slavery cannot alwaj's exist, or the slave 
power nuich longer rule, and in the justness of our 
cause, and with honest Abe at the head, we are sure 
to win." 

Mr. and Airs. Wood were the parents of seven 
children, four of whom are still living: ,Tohn F., of 
San Bern.ardino, Cal. ; Theodoeia B., wife of John 
Dawson, of Henry County, Iowa; Daniel C, also 







of Henry Countj'. Charles D. Wood, our subject, 
received his education in the primitive schools of 
the time, and in 1838 came to Henrj' County with 
his parents, remaining on the farm until 185G, when 
he went to Kansas, then a Territory, engaging in 
the border rutfian war under old Jim Lane, and 
using [lis vote and influence in maliing that State a 
home for free men. In the fall of 1860, having con- 
ceived a desire to visit the place of his birth, he bad 
adieu to Kansas, the land of the cayote and border 
rutlian, and turning his face toward the rising sun, 
he st.arted in a private conveyance, in due time 
hailed the ferryman at Nauvoo, and crossed into 
the land of his e.arly childhood, remaining there till 
July 13, 1861. He enlisted in Company K, 2d Illi- 
nois Cavalry, being mustered in at Camp Butler, 
near Springfield, where the regiment was encamped, 
and then went to Paducah, Ky., the regiment re- 
maining there for a year. During this time Mr. 
Wood was taken sick with measles, and was dis- 
charged April 30, 1802. Like the prodigal, he then 
returned home, and on the 12th of February, 1863, 
was married to Miss Addie E. Willeford, daughter 
of Samuel and Rhoda Willefonl. formerly of Ken- 
tucky, but pioneers of this county. She born 
May 8, 1844, iu Henry County, Iowa, and five chil- 
dren graced their union — Florence H., Edith A., 
Ada B., Viola May and Charles R. R. 

Shortly after marriage, Mr. and Mrs. Wood lo- 
cated on a farm three miles south of Mt. Pleasant, 
residing there until the spring of 1873, when they 
removed to the vicinity of Weaverville. Trinity 
Co., Cal., purchasing a farm in the Golden State, 
located on the banks of Trinity River, from whence 
could be seen the snow-capped mountains all the 
year. Two very prosperous years were passed, but 
owing to the rough state of society, and the lack of 
educational advantages for their growing family, 
the parents determined to sell and return to Iowa. 
Carrying out this purpose, they purchased the farm 
where they reside one and a half miles south of the 
city of Mt. Pleasant, and again became residents of 
Henry County. 

Mr. Wood's belief is in the Right, having no 
special preference for sects or creeds. A stanch 
Republican in politics, he believes that the great 
evil of intemperance can be so surely suppressed in 

-^« • 

no other way then through the policy of Prohibi- 
tion advocated by that party. Believing that the 
protective policy of the Republican party to Ameri- 
can industries will be most beneficial to the Ameri- 
can laborer, and will more rapidly develop our 
latent resources, bringing prosperity to all indus- 
trious classes of society; believing that through the 
Republican partj' we may hope to see the ballot ex- 
tended to the noble women of our land, bringing in 
its wake a higher state of refinement, more humane 
and better laws ; believing that no other party is so 
willing to accord to the LTuion soldier the justice 
and honor he is entitled to for the grand achieve- 
ment wrought on the many bloody battle-fields of 
the South for the maintenance of the LTnion, and 
the suffering endured in hospital and prison pen ; 
he sincerely hopes, and confidently expects, if he 
should live to a ripe old age, to see these policies 
maintained, and in consequence, to witness the 
brightest, most prosperous and happy era that ever 
dawned on the American people. 

<^ jp 'R- MASON, residing on section 5, Jeffer- 
\rJ/i son Township, is a prominent farmer of 
W^ Henry County. The only male represent- 
ative of the Mason family in tliis county is our 
subject, who was born in Monroe County, Tenn., 
Aug. 18, 1830. His parents and their respective 
children are severally' mentioned in the historj' of 
John Kurtz, and we therefore confine the history of 
this gentleman to his own personal record. He was 
twelve years of age when his parents came to Henry 
County, and minutely he lias watched the progress 
of the county as it has developed year by year. 
He was not twenty-one years of age when the 
desire was formed to see the far western country, 
and also to engage in gold mining, at that time 
causing such an exodus of young men from the 
States. On the 21st of April, 1851, in company 
with his older brother, James N. Mason, and two of 
the Moore brothers, an ox-team was rigged out, and 
with covered wagon the party joined others who 
were en route from this part of the State. Every- 
thing progressed finely, and with the exception of 
one little skirmish at Ft. Hall, on Snake River, they 

hey t| 







had no trouble with Indians or otherwise. The 
boys enjoyed the trip; the bracing air, their great 
game supplies cooked in a huge pot suspended by a 
crane over the fire, brought with them the best of 
appetites and perfect digestion. Only a few of the 
men wiio made the overland journey to Oregon and 
California in 1850, or even later, are living, but 
when one is found the stories of buffalo hunting, 
the seeniingl}' endless journe}', and the graphic way 
they have of telling the story, make it sound almost 
like a romance, yet all is true and vouched for by 
many men of the highest repute. Their first house 
in Oregon was made Sept. 21, 1851. The brothers 
sold their oxen when the mountains were reached, 
and hired to a man at ^'2 per day to drive cattle 
over the Cascade Range. This seemed to the boys 
like big wages, but they were well used to such 
before their return to Iowa. After footing it over 
the mountains, they reached Portland, and decided 
to take a trip on the steamer "Columbia," plying 
between that city and San Francisco. Both stopped 
at Jlilwaukee, Ore., and commenced work on a dam 
in process of construction, and when tliat was com- 
pleted made a trip to Sacramento, and from there 
went into the mining country, both securing work 
with tlie "Bear River Water Company," which 
furnished water to the miners. Three months later 
they went further uj) the mountains and began 
mining, but after trying it one sunuuer concluded 
that more money coidd be made b^' farming, and 
purchasing teams took a claim in the Sacramento 
Valley, in Yolo County, twenty-five miles from the 
city. After farming two years, during wliicii time 
they did well, the brothers again decided to try 
milling, and selling their claim and teams, made 
their way back to tlie mountains, and in partner- 
ship with Messrs. Ball and Leathers, opened amine 
known tiien as the "Scent Diggings," whicli paid 
them handsomelj'. 'I'iiis was operated six 3'ears, 
when William Mason sold his interest for ^3,000, 
and hired to another company at 5=1 per da}', working 
for them two years, lie tlieii liegan farming again 
in the Bodega \'a!ley, and for fourteen years re- 
mained there in that business. 

While engaged in mining the second time, .Mr. 
Mason was married to .Aliss Adelia Clark, whose 
death occurred soon afterward. He remained un- 

married until after his return home, having been 
absent for almost twenty-three years. Boj's had 
become men of mature years, had married and 
reared families; elegant farms and great houses 
stood upon commanding sites, over which he had 
hunted and phij'cd in childhood; villages dotted 
the prairies, and in fact the transformation was 
almost, to him, without a parallel. His father had 
died, his brothers and sisters had married, and the 
family circle was to him completely disorganized. 
He purchased a farm, the old Kurtz homestead, but 
the next year returned to California and disjiosed 
of his property there, and in 187G came back to the 
home of his boyhood. On the 13th of December, 
1877, William Mason was married to Miss .Susanna 
Kurtz, and upon the farm and in the same house 
that had been for years her home, the}- began their 
domestic life. They remained there three years, 
and then purchased their present farm near the 
vilKage of Wa_ylaud, where they live as contentedly 
as if their married life had begun forty years .ago 
instead of ten. ilr. and Mrs. Mason have no heirs, 
but are rearing an orphan lad, Willie Woods, who 
finds with thein a home, and in the household of 
;\lr. and Airs. IMason feels no need of father or 
mother, brother or sister. 

JOSEPH A. TAGUE, a proniiiieiil farmer re- 
siding on section 7, Scott Township, Henry 
Co., Iowa, was born in Baltimore Township, 
Sept. 12, 1842. His parents were Joseph 
and Lucinda (Kees) Tague, the former a native of 
Keiituckj', of Ocrinan and Scotch ancestry, and the 
latter born in Pennsylvania, though of Welsh and 
Dutch parentage. Joseph Tague, Sr., emigrated to 
this county in 1S37, settling in Baltimore Township, 
where he and his wife died, the mother when our 
subject was but a child. His father died in Au- 
gust, 1884, at the advanced age of sevenl}' years. 
He was a life-long farmer, a member of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church, and had served his country' 
during the War of 1812, and was a Democrat in 
politics. He had been thrice married, his tirst wife 
being Malinda Glassby. Four children were born 
of this marriage, all of whom are living: George, a 





347 ^} 

farmer residing in Des Moines County, Iowa; John, 
proprietor of a hotel in Fremont County ; William, 
a resident of Mills County, Iowa, was a soldier in 
the ICtli Iowa Volunteer Infantry ; and Nancy Jane, 
wife of William Weater, of Missouri. Joseph is 
the only living child of the second marriage. 

Mr. Tague, after the death of his second wife, 
was united in mai'riage with Eliza Gott, and by 
their union four children were born : Martha and 
Otis, who died in childhood; Lorenzo Dow and 
Francis M., residents of Baltimore Township. At 
the time of his death !\Ir. Tague owned a farm of 
230 acres of land, on which his widow still resides. 

Our subject was born and reared upon a farm, 
and his whole life has been spent as a tiller of the 
soil. He was one of the brave boys in blue, being 
a member of Company A, 4th Iowa Cavalry. He 
enlisted Dee. 3, 1863, and was discharged at the 
close of the war, March 20, 1865. He participated 
in the battles of Ripley and Memphis, Tenn., and 
in numerous other slcirmishes. After his discharge 
he returned to this county, remaining two years 
engaged as farm hand, and then went to Mills 
County. There he rented a farm for one year and 
then purchased forty acres of land, upon which he 
resided for three years. Selling his farm in Mills 
County he bought eight3f acres in Fremont County, 
but later removed to Baltimore Township, where 
he rented a farm for two years. He then bought 
eighty acres of land on section 7, of Scott Town- 
ship, his present home. This farm was partially 
improved, yet he has made manj' more improve- 
ments. He has a nice home which was erected at a 
cost of §1,200, and good out-buildings for the use 
of his stock and grain. Everything about the place 
denotes thrift and enterprise, showing that Mr. 
Tague well understands the business of farming. 

On the 11th of December, 1866, Joseph Tague 
brought to his home his young bride, Deborali Kerr. 
She is one of Henry County's daughters, and was 
born in Baltimore Township. Her parents were 
Bernard and Sarah (Dillingham) Kerr, her father a 
native of England and her mother born in New 
York. They were among the early settlers of 
Henry County. ]Mr. Kerr was drowned in Skunk 
River, June 1, 1851, when forty-five years and 
eleven months old. His wife survived him sev- 

eral years, dying at the age of sixty-three years, in 
1862. Mrs. Tague was a member of the Society of 
Friends. There are four of her father's family yet 
living: Mary, widow of Joseph Bancer; AVilliam 
R., a resident farmer of Grant County, Wis.; Ed- 
ward, residing in Baltimore Township, engaged in 
farming, and the honored wife of our subject. 

Mr. and Mrs. Tague have no children of their 
own, but have an adopted son, Festus, upon whom 
they bestow all the love and care that would have 
been given to their own children. Mr. and Mrs. 
Tague are devoted members of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church of Winlield. He is lilieral in his 
views, voting for the man whom he thiniis would 
best fill the office. Having lived in this couutj- all 
their lives, Mr. and Mrs. Tague are universally 
known, and of such citizens Henr\' County is justly 

AXTON FITCH, one of the prominent 
farmers and stock-i-aisers of Henry County, 
resides on section 20, Trenton Township. 
He was born in Guernsey County, Ohi<j, in 
1827, and is the son of James and Elizabeth (Pax- 
ton) Fitch, the father a native of Pennsylvania, 
and the mother of Maryland. James Fitch came 
to this county in 1854, and remained here until his 
death, which occurred in 1857 at the age of sixty- 
four, his wife dying in 1882 when ninety years of 
age. They reared a family of nine children, two 
only of whom are now living — Elizabeth, wife of 
Samuel Sprouts, of Noble County, Ohio, and Pax- 
ton. The latter learned the shoemaker's trade in 
Ohio, and followed it for five 3'ears. In the spring 
of 1852 he came to Henry County and settled in 
Center Township, where he rented a farm and lived 
for two years. He then purchased seventy acres 
of land on section 20, of Trenton Township, where 
he still resides, but has added to the original pur- 
chase until he now owns a well-improved fai in of 
103 acres. 

In 1856 he was united in marri.age with Sarah 
Messer, a native of Ohio, and a daughter of Hiram 
Messer, whose sketch appears elsewhere in this work. 
Four children have been born to them : Hiram 









Oscar, a farmer residing in Trenton Township, was 
married, Nov. 18, 188G, to Laura E. Scarff; Wil- 
bert J., Margaret Ann and Dora Alice still reside 
with their parents. Mr. Fitch is of Irish descent 
on his father's side. Politically', he is a Republican, 
and has held the office of Constable of the town- 
ship. In connection with general farming Mr. 
Fitch still works at his tr.ide of shoeraaking. He 
is one of the men who have helped to build up 
Henry County, is always ready to aid in any pub- 
lic enterprise, and the esteem and confidence 
of all. 

ALEXANDER RUTH, a prominent farmer 
K-JI ! residing on section 6, Scott Township, 
Henry Co., Iowa, was born in Rockbridge 
^ County, Va., Nov. 7, 1833. His father, 

Daniel Ruth, was born in Berks County, Pa., 
in 1794. He was a soldier in the War of 1812, and 
participated in the battle of Baltimore. He formed 
a matrimonial alliance with .Sarah E. Imboden, who 
was born in Augusta County, Va., in 1800. The 
marriage was celebrated in her native county at 
Waynesboro. Eleven children blessed their union, 
seven of whom grew to man and womanhood: 
Henry, a resident of W.irren County, Iowa ; George 
was a soldier in the Mexican War, and died from 
disease contracted at Matamoras; Benjamin F., 
who has been a resident of Washington Territory, 
residing near Puget Sound since 1855; Elizabeth is 
the wife of John Webb, of Warren County, Iowa; 
Alexander is our subject; Mary E., wife of John 
Loring, of Cinciiuiati, Ohio, died in Iiidianola, low.i, 
in 1858; David is a resident of Helena, Mont.; 
Samuel and Daniel are deceased, while two died in 
infancy'. In 1840 Daniel Ruth emigrated with his 
family to McLean County, 111., settling near Bloom- 
ington. The county was but sparsely settled, and 
Bloomington was but a small village. Mr. Ruth 
cast his last vote for William Henry Harrison while 
on his way to Illinois. He died in the fall of 1841. 
She kept the family together, and securing eighty 
acres of land, made a home for herself and children. 
In 1857 she came to Iowa, settling in Indianola, 
where she died in 1884, at the advanced .age of 
eighty-four years. She was a woman of more than 

ordinary ability-, and much credit is due her for the 
admirable management and energy shown in the 
manner in which she provided for her large family. 
She was a relative of Colonel and General Imboden. 
She and her husband were both members of the 
Presbyterian Church. 

The subject of this sketch was but seven years 
old when his parents removed to Illinois. There 
he received his education in a log school-house. He 
was united in marriage in 1862, in Scott Town- 
ship, Henry Co., Iowa, with Miss Rilla J. Myers, 
a daughter of George and Jane (Lynch) M^ers. 
She is a native of Greenbrier County, W. Va., born 
in 1844. Seven children have gathered round the 
hearthstone of this worthy couple: Lois, the wife 
of George Brown, of Louisa County, Iowa; Minnie 
Ua, who wedded Harvey Beauchamp, of Scott Tomi- 
ship; Sarah J., Mary E., Colin, Marie and Frank are 
still inmates of the parental home. 

;\Ir. Ruth was poor in this world's goods when he 
came to Henrj- County, but by economy and enter- 
prise, assisted by his good wife, he has accumulated 
a comfortable property. He owns a farm of 115 
acres, most of which is timber land, but sevent3'-five 
are under cultivation. In politics Mr. Ruth is a 
Greenb.ocker, though liberal in his views. Of the 
good people of Henry County, none stand higher 
or more truly deserve a place in her history' than 
du Mr. Ruth and his interesting family. 

•*• '•^t^'*^^*-^^ ^ • ' I ' 

(il IfclLLIA.M WAUGII is a prominent farmer 
\/sJ/l ''"^' stock-raiser of New London Township, 
W^ :iiifl resides on section 30, where he has a 
well-improved and valuable farm of 235 acres; his 
post-oflice is Mt. Pleasant. His father, David B. 
Waugh, a worthy citizen of Henrj' County' from 
1864 until his death on M.ay 15, 1881, was born in 
Washington County, Pa., Feb. 17, 1801, and was 
the son of William and Sarah (Boyd) Waugh, his 
ancestors being of Scotch-Irish descent, and resi- 
dents of America from Colonial times. 

David B. Waugh was married in his native 
county, Feb. 18. 1830. to Miss Maria .Moore, daugh- 
ter of William Moore. Mrs. Waugh was born in 
the same county in which her husband was born. 





Eight children were born of this union, seven of 
whom lived to be men and women : Jane was born 
Dee. 6, 1830. and is now the widow of Thomas 
Dodds, of Mt. Pleasant, Iowa; Sarah was born Oct. 
1, 1832, and is the wife of O. H. P. Buchanan, of 
Nebraska; John M. was born Aug. 20, 1834, mar- 
ried Miss Jane Waugh, and resides in Shenandoah, 
Page Co., Iowa; William is the subject of this 
sketch; Robert, liorn March 3, 1838, married Eliza- 
beth Shivelcy. and is a farmer of Center Township, 
Henry County; Caroline, born JMay 14, 1840, in 
Virginia, is the wife of A. AV. Shelton, of De Kalb 
Count}', 111. ; Richard, born in Brooke County, Va., 
Oct. 3, 1842, married Anna McDonald, and resides 
in Furnas County, Neb.; James R., born June 12, 
184G, died in infanc}-. All of the children older 
than Caroline were born in Washington County, 

Mr. Waugh moved to Brooke Countjs Va., now 
West Virginia, in 1840, where his j'oungest children 
were burn and where his wife died July 29. 184(). 
Mr. Waugh was married again, Oct. 2, 1849, to 
Mrs. Jane B. Miller, nee Blair, and emigrated from 
Virgina to Henry County, Iowa, and located 
in Center Township, where he was engaged in 
farming until his death. His oldest son, Robert, 
served in the late war as a member of Compan}' B, 
1st Virginia Volunteer Infantrj', U. S. A. In early 
life 'Sir. Waugh voted with the Whig partj-, and on 
the organization of the Republican part}' became a 
warm supporter of that body, and his sons followed 
his example. His two wives and himself were mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian Church, as are several of 
his children. Mr. Waugh was an upright, industri- 
ous man of unquestioned integrity and morality. 
His life was a bright example for his children, who 
have profited well by his teachings, 

AVilliara Waugh, the subject of this sketch, was 
born in Washington County, Pa., Feb. 16, 183fi. 
He received a liberal education and was reared to 
the vocation of a farmer. He was united in mar- 
riage in his native county in Pennsylvania, Oct. 2(i, 
1865, to Miss Rebecca Hamilton, daughter of Alex- 
ander and Matilda (Thompson) Hamilton. Mrs. 
Waugh was also born in Washington Count}', Pa. 
Mr. and Mrs. Waugh have four ciiildren, all sons, 
born in New London Township, and named respect- 

ively: William Howard, born Dec. 6, 1866; Charles 
Hamilton, born Dec. 26, 1868; Harry Buchanan, 
born Aug. 8, 1871, and Herbert Tappan, born 
Aug. 6, 1873. The parents and three sons belong 
to the First Presbyterian Church of Mt. Pleasant. 
Mr. Waugh hns been an earnest Republican since 
the organization of that party. His first vole was 
cast for Abraham Lincoln, and he has never wavered 
in his allegi.ince to the party since. He is one of 
the substantial farmers of Henry County, and does 
an extensive business in stock-raising and dairying. 
He is held in good repute as a neighbor and citizen, 
and is eminently worthy of the highest res])ect and 

/^ REGORY BONNIFIELD, one of the pioneer 
(f[ (==^ settlers of Henry County, residing on section 
^^JI 1, Tippecanoe Township, was born in Ran- 
dolph County, Va., Feb. 11, 1821, and is a son of 
Rhodham and N.ancy (Menier) Bonnifield, both of 
whom were also natives of Virginia. There were 
thirteen in his father's family when they emigrated 
to Iowa. They located in Jefferson County, in 
the spring of 1836, and during the third winter fol- 
lowing three of the children and also the father 
and mother died, the father at the age of fifty-two 
and the mother at the age of fifty. Both of the 
parents were devoted memliers of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. Three of the family have since 
died and seven are now living: Samuel, engaged 
in the mercantile business in Nevada; Gregory, our 
subject; Wesley B., a banker residing in Ottumwa, 
Iowa ; McCaska, a lawyer in Nevada ; Ellis, a farmer 
residing in JMitchell County, Kan.; Martha, widow 
ot V. Chandler, residing near Fairfield, Iowa, and 
Catherine, wife of William Ross, a resident of Reno 
County, Kan. 

After his father's death, our subject managed 
the home farm until the spring of 1852, when he 
removed to Henry County, settling on section 1, 
Tippecanoe Township. He purchased 380 acres 
of partially improved land, which he has trans- 
formed into a beautiful farm, and on this he still 
resides, now owning 340 acres. He was united in 
marriage, on the 9th of November, 1848, with Miss 







Lydia Shuman, a native of Guernsey County, 
Ohio, and a daughter of Daniel and Mary (Len- 
ington) Shuman, the former a native of Ohio, and 
the latter of New Jersey. Her parents settled in 
Henry County in the fall of 1840, locating on the 
farm now owned by Mr. Bonnifleld. Her father 
died in June, 18.51, at the age of fortj^-nine, from 
an attack of cholera; his wife departed this life in 
April, 1864. They were both members of the 
Presbyterian Church, and always ready to aid with 
time or money in the Master's service. Mr. and 
Mrs. Shuman were the parents of eleven children, 
nine of whom are now living: Jane, widow of 
Linens Fairchild, who was a farmer of Tippecanoe 
Township, where she yet lives; Mrs. Bonnifleld; 
Thomas died in Corning, Iowa, in 1884; Moses, 
now a resident of Corning, Iowa; Elizabeth, wife 
of Thomas Abies, now residing in Santa Maria, 
Cal. ; John, also a resident of Santa Maria; Sarah, 
wife of II. Davis, residing in Cheyenne County, 
Kan.; Clarissa, wife of John Inglebright, residing 
in Marion Township: William, now residing in the 
State of Oregon ; Maggie, wife of Elias Ogg, of 
Henry County, and Fhobe, who was the eldest of 
the family, and was the wife of Thomas Jackson, 
then of Tippecanoe Township, died of cholera at 
the same time as her father. Mr. Bonnifleld is en- 
tirely a self-made ; he commenced life a poor 
boy, and all that lie has he has made b^- hard work, 
good man.age