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Randolph, Jackson, Perry= 

# and rionroe Counties, 


Containing Biographical Sketches of Prominent 



Presidents of ttie United States, 







■^S^^ H-^'-t- <5^-» 

I IE greatest of English historians, Macaulat, and one of the most brilliant writers of 
tlie present century, has said: "The history- of a country is best told in a record of the 
lives of its people." In conformity with this idea tlie Poutuait and BioouAruicAL 
Ri:(;oKi) Qf tijj^ county lias been prepared. Instead of going to musty records, and 
taiiing therefrom dry statistical matter that can be appreciated by but few, oui 
^»j'"f3:i^ corps of writers have gone to the people, the men and women who have, by theii 
enterprise and industr}^ brought the county to rank second to none among those 
comprising this great and noble State, and from their lips have the story of their life 
struggles. No more interesting or instructive matter could be presented to an intelli- 
^ gent public. In this volume will be found a record of many whose lives are worthy the 
imitation of coming generations. It tells how some, commencing life in poverty, by 
iiidustr3' and economy have accumulated wealth. It tells how others, with limited 
advantages for securing an education, have become learned men and women, with an 
influence extending throughout the length and breadth of the land. It tells of men who 
have risen from the lower walks of life to eminence as statesmen, and whose names have 
become famous. It tells of those in every walk in life who have striven to succeed, and 
records how that success has usually crowned their efforts. It teUs also of many, very 
many, who, not seeking the applause of the world, have pursued "the even tenor of their waj-," contend 
to have it said of them as Christ said of the woman performing a deed of mercy — "they have done what 
tliey could." It tells bow that many in the pride and strength of young manhood left the plow and the 
anvil, the lawyer's office and the counting-room, left every trade and professioH, and at their country's 
call went forth valiantly "to do or die," and how through their efforts the Union was restored and peace 
once more reigned in the land. In the life of every man and of every woman is a lesson that should not 
be lost upon those who follow after. 

Coming generations will appreciate this volume and preserve it as a sacred treasure, from the fact 

that it c(mtains so much that would never find its way into pul)lic records, and which would otherwise be 

inaccessible. Great care has been taken in the compilation of the work and every opportunity possible 

^'given to those represented to insure correctness in what has been written, and the publishers flatter them- 

vjselves that they give to their readers ;i work with few errors of consequence. In addition to the biograph 

•oical sketclies, portraits of a number of representative citizens are given. 

^ The faces of some, and biographical sketches of many, will be missed in this volume. For this the 
^.publishers are not to blame. Not having a proper conception of the work, some refused to give the 
'^information necessary to compile a sketch, while others were indifferent. Occasionally some member of 
t^the family would oppose the enterprise, and on account of such opposition the support of the interested 
^one would be withheld. In a few instances men could never be found, though repeated calls were made 
^at their residence or place of business. 
^ April, 1894. ISkxmiaimiioal Publishing Co. 



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,t2^'Si^Mt,., ,, 



■ ^}i\f»<^<^' 

Governors of Illinois, 


H X I I J [l- 










y HE Father of our Countr)- was boni in West- 
( C moreland County, Va. , February 22, 1732. 
V2/ His parents were Augustine and Mary (Ball) 
Washington. The family to which he belonged 
has not been satisfactorily traced in Kngland. 
His great-grandfather, John Washington, emi- 
grated to \'irginia about 1657, and became a 
prosperous planter. He had two sons, Lawrence 
and John. The former married Mildred Wanier, 
and had three children, John, Augu.stine and 
Mildred. Augustine, the father of George, first 
married Jane Butler, who IxDre him four children, 
two of whom, Lawrence and Augustine, reached 
maturitj'. Of six children by his second mar- 
riage, George was the eldest, the others being 
Betty, Samuel, John Augustine, Charles and 

Augustine Wa.shington, the father of George, 
died in 1743, leaving a large landed property. 
To his eldest son, Lawrence, he bequeathed an 
estate on the Potomac, aften\*ards known as Mt. 
Vemon, and to George he left the parental resi- ' 
dence. George received only such education as 
the neighborhood schools afforded, sa\-e for a 
short time after he left school, when he received 
private instruction in mathematics. His spelling 
was rather defective. Remarkable stories are 
told of his great physical strength and develop- 
ment at an early age. He was an acknowledged 
leader among his companions, and was early 
noted for that nobleness of character, fairness and 
veracity which characterized his whole life. 

When George was fourteen },-ears old he had a 
desire to go to sea, and a midshipman's warrant 
was .secured for him, but through the opposition 
of his mother the idea was abandoned. Two 1 

years later he was appointed sur\'ej^or to the im- 
mense estate of Lord Fairfax. In this business 
he spent three years in a rough frontier life, 
gaining experience which afterwards proved very 
essential to him. In 1751, though only nineteen 
\-ears of age, he was appointed Adjutant, with thfe 
rank of Major, in the Virginia militia, then being 
trained for active .ser\'ice against the French and 
Indians. Soon after this he sailed to the West 
Indies with his brother Lawrence, who went there 
to restore his health. They soon returned, and 
in the summer of 1752 Lawrence died, leaving a 
large fortune to an infant daughter, who did not 
long sur\-ive him. On her demise the estate of 
Mt. \'ernon was given to George. 

Upon the arrival of Robert Dinwiddie as Lieu- 
tenant-Governor of Virginia, in 1752, the militia 
was reorganized, and the province divided into 
four military districts, of which the northern was 
a.ssigned to Washington as Adjutant-General. 
Shorth- after this a ver>' perilous mission, which 
others had refused, was assigned him and ac- 
cepted. This was to proceed to the French post 
near Lake Erie, in northwestern Penn.sylvania. 
The distance to be traversed was about si.x hun- 
dred miles. Winter was at hand, and the journey 
was to be made without militar>- escort, through 
a territory occupied by Indians. The trip was a 
perilous one, and .several times he nearly lost his 
life, but he returned in safety and furnished a full 
and useful report of his expedition. A regiment 
of three hundred men was raised in Virginia and 
put in command of Col. Joshua Fry, and Maj. 
Washington was commis.sioned Lieutenant-Colo- 
nel. Active war was then begun the 
French and Indians, in which Washington took 


a most important part. In the memorable event 
of July 9, 1755, known as "Braddock's defeat," 
Washington was almost the only officer of dis- 
tinction who escaped from the calamities of the 
day with life and honor. 

Having been for five years in the military ser\'- 
ice, and having vainly sought promotion in the 
royal army, he took advantage of the fall of Ft. Du- 
quesne and the expulsion of the French from the 
valley of the Ohio to resign his commission. Soon 
after he entered the Legislature, where, although 
not a leader, he took an active and important 
part. January 17, 1759, he married Mrs. Martha 
(Dandridge) Custis, the wealthy widow of John 
Parke Custis. 

When the British Parliament had closed the 
port of Boston, the cry went up throughout the 
provinces, ' ' The cause ol Boston is the cause of 
us aU! " It was then, at the suggestion of Vir- 
ginia, that a congress of all the colonies was 
called to meet at Philadelphia September 5, 
1774, to secure their common liberties, peaceably 
if possible. To this congress Col. Washington 
was sent as a delegate. On Maj' 10, 1775, the 
congress re-assembled, when the hostile inten- 
tions of England were plainly apparent. The 
battles of Concord and Lexington had been fought, 
and among the first acts of this congress was the 
election of a commander-in-chief of the Colonial 
forces. This high and responsible office was con- 
ferred upon Washington, who was still a member 
of the congress. He accepted it on June 19, but 
upon the express condition that he receive no sal- 
arj'. Jle would keep an exact account of ex- 
penses, and expect congress to pay them and 
nothing more. It is not the object of this sketch 
to trace the militarj- acts of Washington, to whom 
the fortunes and liberties of the people of this 
couiitrj- were so long confided. The war was 
conducted by him under every possible disadvan- 
tage; and while his forces often met with reverses, 
yet he o\-ercame every obstacle, and after seven 
years of heroic devotion and matchless skill he 
gained liberty for the greatest nation of earth. 
On December 23, 1783, Washington, in a parting 
address of surpassing beauty, resigned his com- 
mission as Commander-in-Chief of the army to the 

Continental Congress sitting at Annapolis. He 
retired immediately to Mt. Vernon and resumed 
his occupation as a farmer and planter, shunning 
all connection with public life. 

In February, 1789, Washington was unani- 
mously elected President, and at the expiration 
of his first term he was unanimouslj- re-elected. 
At the end of this term many were anxious that he 
be re-elected, but he absolutely refused a third 
nomination. On March 4, 1797, at the expiration 
of his second term as President, he returned to his 
home, hoping to pass there his few remaining 
years free from the annoj-ances of public life. 
Later in the year, however, his repose seemed 
likely to be interrupted by war with France. At 
the prospect of such a war he was again urged to 
take command of the army, but he chose his sub- 
ordinate officers and left them the charge of mat- 
ters in the field, which he superintended from his 
home. In accepting the command, he made the 
reservation that he was not to be in the field until 
it was necessary. In the midst of these prepara- 
tions his life was suddenly cut off. December 1 2 
he took a severe cold from a ride in the rain, 
which, settling in his throat, produced inflamma- 
tion, and terminated fatally on the night of the 
14th. On the 1 8th his body was borne with mili- 
tar>' honors to its final resting-place, and interred 
in the family vault at Mt. Vernon. 

Of the character of Washington it is impossible 
to speak but in terms of the highest respect and 
admiration. The more we see of the operations 
of our government, and the more deeplj' we feel 
the difficulty of uniting all opinions in a common 
interest, the more highly we must estimate the 
force of his talent and character, which have been 
able to challenge the reverence of all parties, 
and principles, and nations, and to win a fame as 
extended as the limits of the globe, and which we 
cannot but believe will be as lasting as the exist- 
ence of man. 

In person, Washington wa's unusually tall, erect 
and well proportioned, and his muscular strength 
was great. His features were of a beausiful .sym- 
metry. He commanded respect without any ap- 
pearance of haughtiness, and was ever serious 
without being dull. 


(TOHN ADAMS, the second President and the 
I first Vice-President of the United States, was 
C2? born in Braintree (now Ouinc\') Mass., and 
about ten miles from Boston, October 19, 1735. 
His great-grandfather, Henr>- Adams, emigrated 
from England about 1640, with a family of eight 
sons, and settled at Braintree. The parents of 
John were John and Susannah (Bojlston) 
Adams. His father, who was a farmer of limited 
means, also engaged in the business of shoe- 
making. He gave his eldest son, John, a classical 
education at Har\-ard College. John graduated 
in 1755, and at once took charge of the school at 
Worcester, Mass. This he found but a ' ' school 
of affliction," from which he endeavored to gain 
relief bj- devoting himself, in addition, to the 
study of law. For this purpose he placed himself 
under the tuition of the onlj- lawyer in the town. 
He had thought seriously of the clerical profes- 
sion, but seems to have been turned from this by 
what he termed ' ' the frightful engines of ecclesi- 
astical councils, of diabolical malice, and Calvin- 
istic good nature," of the operations of which he 
had been a witness in his native town. He was 
well fitted for the legal profession, possessing a 
clear, sonorous voice, being readj' and fluent of 
speech, and having quick perceptive powers. He 
gradually gained a practice, and in 1764 married 
Abigail Smith, a daughter of a minister, and a 
lady of superior intelligence. Shortly after his 
marriage, in 1765, the attempt at parliamentary- 
taxation turned him from law to politics. He 
took initial steps toward holding a town meeting, 
and the resolutions he offered on the subject be- 
came ver>- popular throughout the province, and 
were adopted word for word by over forty differ- 
ent towns. He moved to Boston in 1768, and 
became one of the most courageous and promi- 
nent advocates of the popular cause, and was 
chosen a member of the General Court (the Leg- 
islature) in 1770. 

Mr. Adams was chosen one of the first dele- 

gates from Massachusetts to the first Continent- 
al Congress, which met in 1774. Here he dis- 
tinguished himself by his capacity for business 
and for debate, and advocated the movement for 
independence against the majority of the mem- 
bers. In May, 1776, he moved and carried a res- 
olution in Congress that the Colonies should 
assume the duties of self-government. He was a 
prominent member of the committee of five ap- 
pointed June 1 1 to prepare a declaration of inde- 
pendence. This article was drawn by Jefferson, 
but on Adams devolved the task of battling it 
through Congress in a three-days debate. 

On the day after the Declaration of Independ- 
ence was passed, while his soul was j-et warm 
with the glow of excited feeling, he wrote a letter 
to his wife, which, as we read it now, seems to 
have been dictated by the spirit of prophecy. 
"Yesterday," he says, "the greatest question 
was decided that ever was debated in America; 
and greater, perhaps, never was or will be de- 
cided among men. A resolution was passed 
without one dissenting colon}', 'that these United 
States are, and of right ought to be, free and in- 
dependent states.' The daj^ is passed. The 
Fourth of Jul}-, 1776, will be a memorable epoch 
in the histor\- of America. I am apt to believe it 
will be celebrated bj- succeeding generations as 
the great anuiversar>- festival. It ought to be 
commemorated as the day of deliverance by 
solemn acts of devotion to Almighty God. It 
ought to be solemnized with pomp, shows, games, 
sports, guns, bells, bonfires and illuminations 
from one end of the continent to the other, from 
this time fon\-ard forever. You will think me 
transported with enthusiasm, but I am not. I 
am well aware of the toil and blood and treas- 
ure that it will cost to maintain this declaration 
and .support and defend these States; yet, through 
all the gloom, I can .see the rays of light and 
glorj-. I can see that the end is worth more than 
all the means, and that posterity will triumph, 



although you and I may rue, which I hope we 
shall not." 

In November, 1777, Mr. Adams was appointed 
a delegate to France, and to co-operate with Ben- 
jamin Franklin and Arthur Lee, who were then 
in Paris, in the endeavor to obtain assistance in 
arms and monej- from the French government. 
This was a severe trial to his patriotism, as it 
separated him from his home, compelled him to 
cross the ocean in winter, and exposed him to 
great peril of capture bj- the British cruisers, who 
were seeking him. He left France June 17, 
1779. In September of the same year he was 
again chosen to go to Paris, and there hold him- 
self in readiness to negotiate a treaty of peace and 
of commerce with Great Britain, as soon as the 
British cabinet might be found willing to listen 
to such proposals. He sailed for France in No- 
vember, and from there he went to Holland, where 
he negotiated important loans and formed im- 
portant commercial treaties. 

Finally-, a treat}- of peace ^-ith England was 
signed, Januarj- 2 1 , 1783. The re-action from the 
excitement, toil and anxiety through which Mr. 
Adams had passed threw him into a fever. After 
suffering from a continued fever and becoming 
feeble and emaciated, he was advised to go to 
England to drink the waters of Bath. While in 
England, still drooping and desponding, he re- 
ceived dispatches from his own government urg- 
ing the necessity of his going to Amsterdam to 
negotiate another loan. It was winter, his health 
was delicate, >-et he immediately set out, and 
through storm, on sea, on horseback and foot, he 
made the trip. 

Febniary 24, 1785, Congress appointed Mr. 
Adams envoy to the Court of St. James. Here 
he met face to face the King of England, who 
had so long regarded him as a traitor. As Eng- 
land did not condescend to appoint a minister to 
the United States, and as Mr. Adams felt that he 
was accomplishing but little, he sought permis- 
sion to return to his own countr}-, where he ar- 
rived in June, 1788. 

When Washington was first chosen President, 
John Adams, rendered illustrious by his signal 
ser\-ices at home and abroad, was chosen \'ice- 

President. Again, at the second election of Wash- 
ington as President, Adams was chosen ^'ice- 
President. In 1796, Washington retired from 
public life, and Mr. Adams was elected President, 
though not without much opposition. Ser\-ing 
in this office four years, he was succeeded by Mr. 
Jefferson, his opponent in politics. 

While Mr. Adams was Vice-President the 
great French Revolution shook the continent of 
Europe, and it was upon this point that he was 
at issue with the majority of his countrj-men, led 
by Mr. Jefferson. Mr. Adams felt no sympathy- 
with the French people in their struggle, for he 
had no confidence in their power of self-govern- 
ment, and he utterly abhorred the class of atheist 
philosophers who. he claimed, caused it. On the 
other hand, Jefferson's sympathies were strongly 
enlisted in behalf of the French people. Hence 
originated the alienation between these distin- 
tiuguished men, and the two powerful parties were 
thus soon organized, with Adams at the head of 
the one whose sympathies were with England, 
and Jefferson leading the other in sympathy \s-ith 

The Fourth of July, 1826, which completed the 
half-centurj- since the signing of the Declaration 
of Independence, arrived, and there were but 
three of the signers of that immortal instrument 
left upon the earth to hail its morning light. 
And, as it is well known, on that day two of 
these finished their earthh- pilgrimage, a coinci- 
dence so remarkable as to seem miraculous. For 
a few days before Mr. Adams had been rapidly 
failing, and on the morning of the Fourth he 
found himself too weak to rise from his bed. On 
being requested to name a toast for the cus- 
tomar}- celebration of the daj', he exclaimed 
"Independence forever!" When the day was 
ushered in by the ringing of bells and the firing 
of cannons, he was asked by one of his attend- 
ants if he knew what day it was? He replied, 
' ' O j-es, it is the glorious Fourth of July — God 
bless it — God bless you all!" In the course of 
the day he said, "It is a great and glorious 
daj-." The last words he uttered were, "Jeffer- 
son sur\'ives." But he had, at one o'clock, 
resigned his spirit into the hands of his God. 


>^ "^^S? 




^HOMAS JEFFERSON was bom April 2, 
IQ. 1743, at Shadwell, Albemarle County, Va. 
Vi2/ His parents were Peter and Jane (Ran- 
dolph) Jefferson, the former a native of Wales, 
and the latter born in London. To them were 
bom six daughters and two sons, of whom Thomas 
was the elder. When fourteen years of age his 
father died. He received a most liberal educa- 
tion, having been kept diligently at school from 
the time he was five years of age. In 1760 he 
entered William and Marj' College. Williams- 
burg was then the seat of the Colonial court, and 
it was the abode of fashion and splendor. Young 
Jefferson, who was then seventeen years old, lived 
somewhat expensively, keeping fine horses, and 
going much into gay society; yet he was ear- 
nestly devoted to his studies, and irreproachable in 
his morals. In the second year of his college 
course, moved by some unexplained impulse, he 
discarded his old companions and pursuits, and 
often devoted fifteen hours a day to hard study. 
He thus attained very high intellectual culture, 
and a like excellence in philosophy and the lan- 

Immediately upon leaving college he began the 
study of law. For the short time he continued 
in the practice of his profession he rose rapidly, 
and distinguished himself by his energy and 
acuteness as a lawyer. But the times called for 
greater action. The policy of England had awak- 
ened the spirit of resistance in the American Col- 
onies, and the enlarged views which Jefferson had 
ever entertained soon led him into active politi- 
cal life. In I 769 he was chosen a member of the 
Virginia House of Burgesses. In 1772 he mar- 

ried Mrs. Martha Skelton, a verj- beautiful, 
wealth}-, and highl\- accomplished young widow. 

In 1775 he was sent to the Colonial Congress, 
where, though a silent member, his abilities as a 
writer and a reason er soon become known, and he 
was placed upon a number of important com- 
mittees, and was chairman of the one appointed 
for the drawing up of a declaration of independ- 
ence. This committee consisted of Thomas Jef- 
ferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger 
Sherman and Robert R. Livingston. Jefferson, 
as chairman, was appointed to draw up the paper. 
Franklin and Adams suggested a few verbal 
changes before it was .submitted to Congress. On 
June 28, a few slight changes were made in it by 
Congress, and it was passed and signed Juh- 4, 

In 1779 Mr. Jefferson was elected successor to 
Patrick Henr)- as Governor of \'irginia. At one 
time the British officer Tarleton sent a secret 
expedition to Monticello to capture the Governor. 
Scarcely five miiuites elapsed after the hurried 
escape of Mr. Jefferson and his family ere his 
mansion was in possession of the British troops. 
His wife's health, never very good, was much 
injured bj- this excitement, and in the summer 
of 1782 she died. 

Mr. Jefferson was elected to Congress in 1783. 
Two years later he was appointed Minister Pleni- 
potentiary to France. Returning to the United 
States in September, 1789, he became Secretar>' 
of State in Washington's cabinet. This position 
he resigned January i, 1794. In 1797, he was 
chosen Vice-President, and four j-ears later was 
elected President over Mr. Adams, with Aaron 



Burr as Vice-President. In 1804 he was re- 
elected with wonderful unanimity, George Clin- 
ton being elected Vice-President. 

The earlj' part of Mr. Jeilerson's second ad- 
ministration was distin-bed by an event which 
threatened the tranquillitj- and peace of the Union; 
this was the conspiracj- of Aaron Burr. Defeated 
in the late election to the Vice-Presidenc}-, and 
led on by an unprincipled ambition, this extraor- 
dinary man formed the plan of a militarj' ex- 
pedition into the Spanish territories on our south- 
Western frontier, for the purpose of forming there 
a new republic. This was generally supposed 
to have been a mere pretext; and although it has 
not been generally known what his real plans 
were, there is no doubt that thej' were of a far 
more dangerous character. 

In 1809, at the expiration of the second term 
for which Mr. Jefferson had been elected, he de- 
termined to retire from political life. For a period 
of nearly forty j-ears he had been continually be- 
fore the public, and all that time had been em- 
ployed in offices of the greatest trust and respon- 
sibility. Having thus devoted the best part of 
his life to the service of his countrj-, he now felt 
desirous of that rest which his declining j-ears re- 
quired, and upon the organization of the new ad- 
ministration, in March, 1809, he bade farewell for- 
ever to public life and retired to Monticello, his 
famous country home, which, next to Mt. Vernon, 
was the most distinguished residence in the land. 

The Fourth of July, 1826, being the fiftieth an- 
niversarj' of the Declaration of American Inde- 
pendence, great preparations were made in everj- 
part of the Union for its celebration as the nation's 
jubilee, and the citizens of Washington, to add to 
the solemnity,' of the occasion, invited Mr. Jeffer- 
son, as the framer and one of the few sur\-iving 
signers of the Declaration, to participate in their 
festivities. But an illness, which had been of 
several weeks' duration and had been continually 
increasing, compelled him to decline the invita- 

On the 2d of July the disease under which he 
was laboring left him, but in such a reduced 
state that his medical attendants entertained no 
hope of his recovery. From this time he was 

perfectly sensible that his last hour was at hand. 
On the next day, which was Monday, he asked 
of those around him the day of the month, and 
on being told it was the 3d of July, he ex- 
pressed the earnest wish that he might be per- 
mitted to breathe the air of the fiftieth anniver- 
sary. His praj-er was heard — that day whose 
dawn was hailed with such rapture through our 
land burst upon his ej-es, and then they were 
closed forever. And what a noble consummation 
of a noble life! To die on that day — the birth- 
day of a nation — the day which his own name 
and his own act had rendered glorious, to die 
amidst the rejoicings and festivities of a whole 
nation, who looked up to him as the author, un- 
der God, of their greatest blessings, was aU that 
was wanting to fill up the record of his life. 

Almost at the same hour of his death, the kin- 
dred spirit of the venerable Adams, as if to bear 
him company, left the sceneof his earthly honors. 
Hand in hand they had stood forth, the cham- 
pions of freedom ; hand in hand, during the dark 
and desperate struggle of the Revolution, they 
had cheered and animated their desponding coun- 
tr\-men; for half a centur}' they had labored to- 
gether for the good of the countrj-, and now hand 
in hand they departed. In their lives they had 
been united in the same great cause of libertj', 
and in their deaths they were not divided. 

In person Mr. Jefferson was tall and thin, rather 
above six feet in height, but well formed; hisejes 
were light, his hair, originally red, in after life be- 
came white and silver}-, his complexion was fair, 
his forehead broad, and his whole countenance 
intelligent and thoughtful. He possessed great 
fortitude of mind as well as personal courage, and 
his command of temper was such that his oldest 
and most intimate friends never recollected to 
have seen him in a passion. His manners, though 
dignified, were simple and unaffected, and his 
hospitalit>' was so unbounded that all found at 
his house a readj- welcome. In conversation he 
was fluent, eloquent and enthusiastic, and his 
language was remarkably pure and correct. He 
was a finished classical scholar, and in his writ- 
ings is discernible the care with which he formed 
his style upon the best models of antiquit>'. 

OA'C-i-^ A^CC e*-^^^-^^ cr-^ 


(Tames MADISON, "Father of the Consti- 

I tution," and fourth President of the United 
(2/ States, was born March i6, 1757, and died 
at his home in Virginia June 28, 1836. The 
name of James Madison is inseparably connected 
with most of the important events in that heroic 
period of our countrj- during which the founda- 
tions of this great repubhc were laid. He was 
the of the founders of the Constitution of the 
United States to be called to his eternal reward. 

The Madison family were among the early emi- 
grants to the New World, landing upon the shores 
of the Chesapeake but fifteen years after the settle- 
ment of Jamestown. The father of James Madison 
was an opulent planter, residing upon a very fine 
estate called Montpelier, in Orange County, Va. 
It was but twenty-five miles from the home of Jef- 
ferson at Monticello, and the closest personal and 
political attachment existed between these illustri- 
ous men from their early jouth until death. 

The early education of Mr. Madison was con- 
ducted mostly at home under a private tutor. At 
the age of eighteen he was sent to Princeton Col- 
lege, in New Jersey. Here he applied himself to 
stud)' with the most imprudent zeal, allowing him- 
self for months but three hours' sleep out of the 
twenty-four. His health thus became so seriously 
impaired that he never recovered any vigor of 
constitution. He graduated in 1771, with a feeble 
body, but with a character of utmost purity, and 
a mind highly disciplined and richly .stored with 
learning, which embellished and gave efficiency 
to his subsequent career. 

Returning to Virginia, he commenced the study 
of law and a course of extensive and systematic 
reading. This educational course, the spirit of 
the times in which he lived, and the society with 
which he associated, all combined to inspire him 
with a .strong love of libert}-, and to train him for 
his life-work as a state.sman. 

In the spring of 1776, when twenty-six years of 

age, he was elected a member of the Virginia Con- 
vention to frame the constitution of the State. The 
next year (1777), he wasa candidate for the Gen- 
eral As.sembly. He refused to treat the whisky -lov- 
ing voters, and consequently lost his election ; but 
those who had witnes.sed the talent, energy and 
pubhc spirit of the modest j-oung man enlisted 
themselves in his behalf and he was appointed to 
the Executive Council. 

Botli Patrick Henry and Thomas Jefferson were 
Governors of Virginia while Mr. Madison re- 
mained member of the Council, and their apprecia- 
tion of his intellectual, social and moral worth 
contributed not a little to his subsequent eminence. 
In the year 1780 he was elected a member of the 
Continental Congress. Here he met the most il- 
lustrious men in our land, and he was immediately 
a.ssigned to one ot the most con.spicuous positions 
among them. For three j-ears he continued in Con- 
gress, one of its most active and influential mem- 
bers. In 1784, his tenn having expired, he was 
elected a member of the Virginia Legislature. 

No man felt more deeplj' than Mr. Madison the 
utter inefficiency of the old confederac}', with no 
national government, and no power to form trea- 
ties which would be binding, or to enforce law. 
There was not any State more prominent than 
Virginia in the declaration that an efficient na- 
tional government must be formed. In Januarj', 
1786, Mr. Madison carried a resolution through 
the General Assembly of Virginia, inviting the 
other States to appoint commis.sioners to meet in 
convention at Ainiapolis to discuss this subject. 
Five States only were represented. The conven- 
tion, however, issued another call, drawn up by 
Mr. Madison, urging all the States to send their 
delegates to Philadelphia in May, 1787, to draft 
a Constitution for the United States, to take the 
place of the Confederate League. The delegates 
met at the time appointed. Every State but 
Rhode Island was represented. George Washing- 



ton was chosen president of the convention, and the 
present Constitution of the United States was then 
and there formed. There was, perhaps, no mind 
and no pen more active in framing this immortal 
document than the mind and the pen of James 
The Constitution, adopted by a vote of eighty-one 
to sevent3--nine, was to be presented to the several 
States for acceptance. But grave solicitude was 
felt. Should it be rejected, we should be left but a 
conglomeration of independent States, with but 
little power at home and little respect abroad. Mr. 
Madison was elecfed bj' the com-ention to draw up 
an address to the people of the United States, ex- 
pounding the principles of the Constitution, and 
urging its adoption. There was great opposition 
to it at first, but at length it triumphed over all, 
and went into effect in 1789. 

Mr. Madison was elected to the House of Repre- 
sentatives in the first Congress, and soon became 
the avowed leader of the Republican party. While 
in New York attending Congress, he met Mrs. 
Todd, a young widow of remarkable power of fas- 
cination, whom he married. She was in person 
and character queenly, and probaby no lady has 
thus far occupied so prominent a position in the 
verj' peculiar society- which has constituted our 
republican court as did Mrs. Madison. 

Mr. Madison ser\'ed as Secretarj^ of State under 
Jefferson, and at the close of his administration 
was chosen President. At this time the encroach- 
ments of England had brought us to the verge of 
war. British orders in council destroj-ed our com- 
merce, and our flag was exposed to constant insult. 
Mr. Madison was a man of peace. Scholarly in 
his taste, retiring in his disposition, war had no 
charms for him. But the meekest spirit can be 
roused. It makes one's blood boil, even now, to 
think of an American ship brought to upon the 
ocean by the guns of an English cruiser. A 
young lieutenant steps on board and orders the 
crew to be paraded before him. With great non- 
chalance he selects any number whom he may 
please to designate as British .subjects, orders them 
down the ship's side into his boat, and places them 
on the giuideck of his man-of-war, to fight, by 
compulsion, the battles of England. This right 

of search and impressment no efforts of our Gov- 
ernment could induce the British cabinet to re- 

On the 1 8th of June, 181 2, President Madison 
gave his approval to an act of Congress declaring 
war against Great Britain. Notwithstanding the 
bitter hostility of the Federal party to the war, the 
countr>' in general approved; and Mr. Madison, 
on the 4th of March, 1813, was re-elected by a 
large majority, and entered upon his second term 
of office. This is not the place to describe the 
various adventures of this war on the land and on 
the water. Our infant na\'y then laid the found- 
ations of its renown in grappling with the most 
formidable power which ever swept the seas. The 
contest commenced in earnest by the appearance 
of a British fleet, early in Februarys 1813, in 
Chesapeake Bay, declaring nearly the whole coast 
of the United States under blockade. 

The Emperor of Russia offered his ser\-ices as 
mediator. America accepted; England refused. 
A British force of five thousand men landed on the 
banks of the Patuxet River, near its entrance into 
Chesapeake Bay, and marched rapidlj-, by way of 
Bladensburg, upon Washington. 

The stragghng little city of Washington was 
thrown into consternation. The cannon of the 
brief conflict at Bladensburg echoed through the 
streets of the metropolis. The whole population 
fled from the city. The President, leaving Mrs. 
Madison in the White House, with her carriage 
drawn up at the door to await his speedy return, 
hurried to meet the officers in a council of war. 
He met our troops utterly routed, and he could not 
go back without danger of being captured. But 
few hours elapsed ere the Presidential Mansion, 
the Capitol, and all the public buildings in Wash- 
ington were in flames. 

The war closed after two years of fighting, and 
on February 13, 181 5, the treaty of peace was 
signed at Ghent. On the4th of March, 1817, his 
second term of office expired, and he resigned the 
Presidential chair to his friend, James Monroe. 
He retired to his beautiful home at Montpelier, and 
there passed the remainder of his days. On June 
28, 1836, at the age of eighty-five years, he fell 
asleep in death. Mrs Madison died July 12, 1849. 

/■^2^,^-^'C ^ 


(lAMElS MONROE, the fifth President of the 
I United States, was born in Westmoreland 
(2) Couiitj-, Va., April 28, 1758. His early life 
WiiS passed at the place of his nativity. His an- 
cestors had for many years resided in the province 
in which he was bom. When he was seventeen 
years old, and in process of completing his educa- 
tion at William and Mary College, the Colonial 
Congress, assembled at Philadelphia to deliberate 
upon the unjust and manifold oppressions of Great 
Britain, declared the separation of the Colonies, 
and promulgated the Declaration of Independence. 
Had he been born ten j^ears before, it is highly 
probable that he would have been one of the 
signers of that celebrated instrument. At this 
time he left school and enlisted among the pa- 

He joined the arm}' when everj-thing looked 
hopeless and gloomy. The number of deserters 
increased from day to day. The invading armies 
came pouring in, and the Tories not only favored 
the cause of the mother country, but disheartened 
the new recruits, who were sufficient!}' terrified 
at the prospect of contending with an enemy 
whom they had been taught to deem invincible. 
To such brave spirits as James Monroe, who went 
right onward undismayed through difficulty and 
danger, the United States owe their political 
emancipation. The j'oung cadet joined the ranks 
and espoused the of his injured country', 
with a firm determination to live or die in her 
strife for liberty. Firmly, yet sadly, he shared in 
the melanchoh- retreat from Harlem Heights 
and White Plains, and accompanied the dispirited 
army as it fled before its foes through New Jerse}-. 
In four months after the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, the patriots had been beaten in seven 
battles. At the battle of Trenton he led the van- 
guard, and in the act of charging upon the enemy 
he received a wound in the left shoulder. 

As a reward for his bravery, Mr. Monroe was 
promoted to be captain of infantrj-, and, ha\ing re- 
covered from his wounds, he rejoined the army. 
He, however, receded from the line of promotion 
by becoming an officer on the staff of L,ord Ster- 
ling. During the campaigns of 1777 and 1778, 
in the actions of Brandywine, Germantown and 
Monmouth, he continued aide-de-camp; but be- 
coming desirous to regain his position in the 
army, he exerted himself to collect a regiment for 
the Virginia line. This scheme failed, owing to 
the exhausted condition of the State. Upon this 
failure he entered the office of Mr. Jefferson, at 
that period Governor, and pursued with consid- 
erable ardor the studj' of common law. He did 
not, however, entirely lay aside the knapsack for 
the green bag, but on the invasion of the enemy 
ser\-ed as a volunteer during the two years of his 
legal pursuits. 

In 1782 he was elected from King George 
Count}' a member of the Legislature of \'irginia, 
and by that bod}- he was elevated to a seat in the 
Executive Council. He was thus honored with 
the confidence of his fellow-citizens at twenty- 
three years of age, and having at this early period 
displayed some of that ability and aptitude foi 
legislation which were afterward employed with 
unremitting energy for the public good, he was 
in the succeeding year chosen a member of the 
Congress of the United States. 

Deeply as Mr. Monroe felt the imperfections of 
the old Confederacy, he was opposed to the new 
Constitution, thinking, with many others of the 
Republican party, that it gave too much power to 
the Central Government, and not enough to the 
individual States. Still he retained the esteem 
of his friends who were its warm supporters, and 
who, notwithstanding his opposition, secured its 
adoption. In 1789 he became a member of the 
United States Senate, which office he held for 



four years. Ever>' month the line of distinction 
between the two great parties which divided the 
nation, the Federal and the Republican, was 
growing more distinct. The differences which 
now separated them lay in the fact that the Repub- 
lican party was in sjmpathy with France, and 
also in favor of such a strict construction of the 
Constitution as to give the Central Government as 
little power, and the State Govemmtnts as much 
power, as the Constitution would warrant; while 
the Federalists sympathized with England, and 
were in favor of a liberal construction of the Con- 
stitution, which would give as much power to the 
Central Government as that document could pos- 
sibly authorize. 

Washington was then President. England had 
espoused the cause of the Bourbons against the 
principles of the French Revolution. All Europe 
was drawn into the conflict. We were feeble and 
far away. Washington issued a proclamation of 
neutrality between these contending powers. 
France had helped us in the struggles for our 
liberties. All the despotisms of Europe were now 
combined to prevent the French from escaping 
from a tyranny a thousand-fold worse than that 
which we had endured. Col. Monroe, more mag- 
nanimous than prudent, was anxious that, at 
whatever hazard, we should help our old allies in 
their extremity'. It was the impulse of a gener- 
ous and noble nature, and Washington, who could 
appreciate such a character, .showed his calm, se- 
rene, almost divine, greatness, bj* appointing that 
very James Monroe who was denouncing the pol- 
icy of the Government, as the minister of that 
Government to the Republic of France. Mr. 
Monroe was welcomed by the National Conven- 
tion in France with the most enthusiastic dem- 

Shortly after his return to this country, Mr. 
Monroe was elected Governor of Virginia, and 
held the ofiice for three j-ears. He was again 
sent to France to co-operate with Chancellor Liv- 
ingston in obtaining the vast territory then known 
as the province of Louisiana, which France had 
but shortly before obtained from Spain. Their 
united efforts were successful. For the compara- 
tively small sum of fifteen millions of dollars, the 

entire territory of Orleans and district of Loui- 
siana were added to the United States. This was 
probabh' the largest transfer of real estate which 
was ever made in all the history of the world. 

From France Mr. Monroe went to England to 
obtain from that countrj- some recognition of our 
rights as neutrals, and to remonstrate against 
those odious impressments of our seamen. But 
England was unrelenting. He again returned to 
England on the same mission, but could receive 
no redress. He returned to his home and was 
again chosen Governor of Virginia. This he soon 
resigned to accept the position of Secretary of 
State under Madison. While in this oifice war 
with England was declared, the Secretary of War 
resigned, and during these trj-ing times the 
duties of the War Department were also put upon 
him. He was truly the armor-bearer of President 
Madison, and the most efiicient business man in 
his cabinet. Upon the return of peace he re- 
signed the Department of War, but continued in 
the office of Secretarj- of State tmtil the expira- 
tion of Mr. Madison's administration. At the 
election held the previous autumn, Mr. Monroe 
himself had been chosen President with but little 
opposition, and upon March 4, 1817, he was in- 
augurated. Four }-ears later he was elected for 
a second term. 

Among the important measures of his Presi- 
dency were the cession of Florida to the United 
States, the Missouri Compromise, and the famous 
" Monroe doctrine." This doctrine was enun- 
ciated by him in 1823, and was as follows: ' ' That 
we should consider anj- attempt on the part of 
European powers to extend their system to an\' 
portion of this hemisphere as dangerous to our 
peace and safetj-," and that " we could not view 
any interposition for the purpose of oppressing or 
controlling American governments or provinces 
in any other light than as a manifestation by 
European powers of an unfriendly disposition 
toward the United States." 

At the end of his second term, Mr. Monroe re- 
tired to his home in Virginia, where he lived un- 
til 1830, when he went to New York to live with 
his son-in-law. In that citj- he died, on the 4th 
of July, 183 1. 

J, S, Ato/mi 


(John QUINCY ADAMS, the sixth President 

I of the United States, was born in the rural 
C^ home of his honored father, John Adams, in 
Quincy, Mass., on the nth of July, 1767. His 
mother, a woman of exalted worth, watched over 
his childhood during the almost constant ab- 
sence of his father. When but eight years of 
age, he stood with his mother on an eminence, 
listening to the booming of the great battle on 
Bunker's Hill, and gazing out upon the smoke 
and flames billowing up from the conflagration of 

When but eleven years old he took a tearful 
adieu of his mother, to sail with his father for Eu- 
rope, through a fleet of hostile British cruisers. 
The bright, animated boj' spent a year and a-half 
in Paris, where his father was associated with i 
Franklin and Lee as Minister Plenipotentiary-. 
His intelligence attracted the notice of these dis- 
tinguished men, and he received from them flat- 
tering marks of attention. 

John Adams had scarcely returned to this 
country, in 1779, ere he was again sent abroad. 
Again John Quincy accompanied his father. At 
Paris he applied himself to study with great dil- 
igence for six months, and then accompanied his 
father to Holland, where he entered first a school 
in Amsterdam, then the Universitj^ at Leyden. 
About a year from this time, in 1781, when the 
manly boy was but fourteen years of age, he was 
selected by Mr. Dana, our Minister to the Rus- 
sian court, as his private secretary-. 

In this school of incessant labor and of ennobl- 
ing culture he spent fourteen months, and then 
returned to Holland, through Sweden, Denmark, 
Hamburg and Bremen. This long journe)- he 
took alone in the winter, when in his sixteenth 
year. Again he resumed his studies, under a pri- 
vate tutor, at The Hague. Then, in the spring of 
1782, he accompanied his father to Paris, travel- 
ing leisurely, and forming acquaintances with the 
most distinguished men on the continent, examin- 

ing architectural remains, galleries of paintings, 
and all renowned works of art. At Paris he 
again became associated with the most illustrious 
men of all lands in the contemplation of the 
loftiest temporal themes which can engross the 
human mind. After a short visit to England he 
returned to Paris, and consecrated all his energies 
to study until May, 1785, when he returned to 
America to finish his education. 

Upon leaving Han-ard College at the age of 
twenty, he studied law for three years. In June, 
1794, being then but twenty-seven years of age, 
he was appointed by Washington Resident Min- 
ister at the Netherlands. Sailing from Boston in 
July, he reached London in October, where he 
was immediately admitted to the deliberations o) 
Messrs. Jay & Pinckney, as.sisting them in nego- 
tiating a commercial treaty with Great Britain. 
After thus spending a fortnight in London, he 
proceeded to The Hague. 

In July, 1797, he left The Hague to go to Por- 
tugal as Minister Plenipotentiarj-. On his way to 
Portugal, upon arriving in London, he met with 
despatches directing him to the court of Berlin, but 
requesting him to remain in London until he 
should receive his instructions. While waiting 
he was married to an American lady, to whom he 
had been previously engaged — Miss Louisa Cath- 
erine Johnson, a daughter of Joshua Johnson, 
American Consul in London, and a lady en- 
dowed with that beauty and those accomplish- 
ments which eminently fitted her to move in the 
elevated sphere for which .she was destined. He 
reached Berlin with his wife in November, 1797, 
where he remained until July, 1799, when, hav- 
ing fulfilled all the purposes of his mission, he so 
licited his recall. 

Soon after his return, in 1802, he was chosen 
to the Senate of Massachusetts from Boston, and 
then was elected Senator of the United States for 
six years, from the 4th of March, 1804. His rep- 
utation, his ability and his experience placed 



him immediately among the most prominent and 
influential members of that body. 

In 1S09, Madison succeeded Jefferson in the 
Presidential chair, and he immediately nominated 
John Quincy Adams Minister to St. Petersburgh. 
Resigning his professorship in Har\-ard Col- 
lege, he embarked at Boston in August, 1809. 

While in Russia, Mr. Adams was an intense 
student. He devoted his attention to the lan- 
guage and histors- of Russia; to the Chinese trade; 
to the European system of weights, measures and 
coins; to the climate and astronomical obser\-a- 
tions; while he kept up a familiar acquaintance 
with the Greek and Latin classics. In all the 
universities of Europe, a more accomplished 
scholar could scarcely be found. All through 
life the Bible constituted an important part of his 
studies. It was his rule to read five chapters 
everj- daj-. 

On the 4th of March, 181 7, Mr. Monroe took 
the Presidential chair, and immediately appointed 
Mr. Adams Secretary of State. Taking leave of 
his numerous friends in public and private life in 
Europe, he sailed in June, 18 19, for the United 
States. On the i8th of August, he again crossed 
the threshold of his home in Quincy. During the 
eight years of Mr. Monroe's administration, Mr. 
Adams continued Secretary- of State. 

Some time before the close of ^Ir. Monroe's 
second term of office, new candidates began to be 
presented for the Presidency. The friends of Mr. 
Adams brought for^vard his name. It was an 
exciting campaign, and party spirit was never 
more bitter. Two hundred and sixty electoral 
votes were cast. Andrew Jackson received ninetj^- 
nine; John Quincy Adams eighty-four; William 
H. Crawford forty-one; and Henr\- Claj- thirty- 
seven. As there was no choice bj^ the people, 
the question went to the House of Representa- 
tives. Mr. Clay gave the vote of Kentucky to 
Mr. Adams, and he was elected. 

The friends of all the disappointed candidates 
now combined in a venomous and persistent as- 
sault upon Mr. Adams. There is nothing more 
disgraceful in the past histor\- of our country- than 
the abuse which was poured in one uninterrupted 
stream upon this high-minded, upright and pa- 

triotic man. There never was an administration 
more pure in principles, more conscientiously de- 
voted to the best interests of the country-, than 
that of John Quincy Adams: and never, perhaps, 
was there an administration more unscrupulously 
and outrageously- assailed. 

On the 4th of March, 1829, Mr. Adams retired 
from the Presidency, and was succeeded by An- 
drew Jackson. John C. Calhoun was elected 
\'ice-President. The slavery' question now be- 
gan to assume portentous magnitude. Mr. Adams 
returned to Quincy and to his studies, which he 
pursued with unabated zeal. But he was not 
long permitted to remain in retirement. In No- 
vember, 1830, he was elected Representative in 
Congress. For seventeen years, or until his death, 
he occupied the post as Representative, towering 
above all his peers, ever readj- to do brave battle 
for freedom, and winning the title of "the Old 
Man Eloquent." Upon taking his seat in the 
House, he announced that he should hold him- 
self bound to no party. Probably there never 
was a member more devoted to his duties. He 
was usuallj- the first in his place in the morning, 
and the last to leave his seat in the evening. 
Not a measure could be brought forward and es- 
cape his scrutiny. The battle which Mr. Adams 
fought, almost singly, against the pro-slavery 
part\- in the Government was sublime in its 
moral daring and heroism. For persisting in 
presenting petitions for the abolition of slaverj-, 
he was threatened with indictment bj- the grand 
jurj-, with expulsion from the House, with assas- 
sination; but no threats could intimidate him, and 
his final triumph was complete. 

On the 2ist of Februarj-, 1848, he rose on the 
floor of Congress with a paper in his hand, to 
address the speaker. Suddenly he fell, again 
stricken by parah-sis, and was caught in the arms 
of those around him. For a time he was sense- 
less, as he was conveyed to the sofa in the ro- 
tunda. With reviving consciousness, he opened 
his e3-es, looked calml}* around and said ' ' This 
is the end of earth;" then after a moment's pause 
he added, " I am content." These were the last 
words of the gfrand ' ' Old Man Eloquent. ' ' 

r , 


GlNDREW JACKSON, the seventh President 
LA of the United States, was born in Waxhaw 
/I settlement, N. C, March 15, 1767, a few 
dajs after his father's death. His parents were 
poor emigrants from Ireland, and took up their 
abode in Waxhaw settlement, where they lived 
in deepest poverty. 

Andrew, or And}-, as he was universally called, 
grew up a verj- rough, rude, turbulent boy. His 
features were coarse, his form ungainly, and there 
was but very little in his character made visible 
which was attractive. 

When only thirteen years old he joined the 
volunteers of Carolina against the British invasion. 
In 1 78 1, he and his brother Robert were captured 
and imprisoned for a time at Camden. A British 
officer ordered him to brush his mud-spattered 
boots. "lam a prisoner of war, not j-our serv- 
ant," was the reply of the dauntless bo}-. 

Andrew supported himselfin various ways, such 
as working at the saddler's trade, teaching school, 
and clerking in a general store, until 1784, when 
he entered a law office at Salisbury, N. C. He, 
however, gave more attention to the wild amuse- 
ments of the times than to his studies. In 1788, 
he was appointed solicitor for the Western District 
of Xorttu Carolina, of which Tennessee was then 
a part. This involved many long journeys amid 
dangers of everj^ kind, but Andrew Jackson never 
knew fear, and the Indians had no desire to re- 
peat a skirmish with "Sharp Knife." 

In 1 79 1, Mr. Jackson was married to a woman 
who supposed herself divorced from her former 
husband. Great was the surprise of both parties, 
two years later, to find that the conditions of the 
divorce had just been definitely settled by the 
first husband. The marriage ceremony was per- 
formed a second time, but the occurrence was 
often used by his enemies to bring Mr. Jackson 
into disfavor. 

In January, 1796, the Territory of Tennessee 
then containing nearlj- eighty thousand inhabi- 
tants, the people met in convention at KnoxvUle 
to frame a constitution. Five were sent from 
each of the eleven counties. Andrew Jackson 
was one of the delegates. The new State was 
entitled to but one member in the National House 
of Representatives. Andrew Jackson was chosen 
that member. Mounting his horse, he rode to 
Philadelphia, where Congress then held its ses- 
sions, a distance of about eight hundred miles. 

Jackson was an earnest advocate of the Demo- 
cratic party, and Jefferson was his idol. He ad- 
mired Bonaparte, loved France, and hated Eng- 
land. As Mr. Jackson took his seat, Gen. Wash- 
ington, whose second term of office was then 
expiring, delivered his last speech to Congress. 
A committee drew up a complimentan,- address in 
reply. Andrew Jackson did not approve of the 
address, and was one of the twelve who voted 
against it. He was not willing to say that Gen. 
Washington's administration had been "wise, 
firm and patriotic." 

Mr. Jackson was elected to the United States 
Senate in 1797, but soon resigned and returned 
home. Soon after he was chosen Judge of the 
Supreme Court of his State, which position he 
held for six years. 

When the War of 18 12 with Great Britain com- 
menced, Madison occupied the Presidential chair. 
Aaron Burr sent word to the President that there 
was an unknown man in the West, Andrew Jack- 
son, who would do credit to a commission if one 
were conferred upon him. Just at that time Gen. 
Jackson offered his sendees and those of twenty- 
five hundred volunteers. His offer was accepted, 
and the troops were assembled at Nashville. 

As the British were hourly expected to make 
an attack upon New Orleans, where Gen. Wil- 
kinson was in command, he was ordered to de- 



scent! the river with fifteen hundred troops to aid 
Wilkinson. The expedition reached Natchez, 
and after a delay of several weeks there without 
accomplishing anything, the men were ordered 
back to their homes. But the energy Gen. Jack- 
son had displayed, and his entire de\otion to the 
comfort of his soldiers, won for him golden opin- 
ions, and he became the most popular man in the 
State. It was in this expedition that his tough- 
ness gave him the nickname of "Old Hickorj'." 

Soon after this, while attempting to horsewhip 
Col. Thomas Benton for a remark that gentleman 
made about his taking part as second in a duel 
in which a j-ounger brother of Benton's was en- 
gaged, he received two severe pistol wounds. 
While he was lingering upon a bed of suffering, 
news came that the Indians, who had combined 
under Tecumseh from Florida to the Lakes to ex- 
terminate the white settlers, were committing the 
most awful ravages. Decisive action became nec- 
essary-. Gen. Jackson, with his fractured bone 
just beginning to heal, his arm in a sling, and 
unable to mount his horse without assistance, 
gave his amazing energies to the raising of an 
army to rendezvous at Fayettesville, Ala. 

The Creek Indians had established a strong 
fort on one of the bends of the Tallapoosa River, 
near the center of Alabama, about fifty miles be- 
low Ft. Strother. With an army of two thousand 
men, Gen. Jackson traversed the pathless wilder- 
ness in a march of eleven da}s. He reached their 
fort, called Tohopeka or Horse-shoe, on the 27th 
of March, 1814. The bend of the river enclosed 
nearly one hundred acres of tangled forest and 
wild ravine. Across the narrow neck the Indians 
had constructed a formidable breastwork of logs 
and brush. Here nine hundred warriors, with 
an ample supply of arms, were assembled. 

The fort was stormed. The fight was utterlj- 
desperate. Not an Indian would accept quarter. 
When bleeding and dying, they would fight those 
who endeavored to spare their lives. From ten 
in the morning until dark the battle raged. The 
carnage was awful and revolting. Some threw 
themselves into the river; but the unerring bul- 
lets stmck their heads as they swam. Nearly 
ever}- one of the nine hundred warriors was 1 

killed. A few, probably, in the night swam 
the river and escaped. This ended the war. 

This closing of the Creek War enabled us to 
concentrate all our militia upon the British, who 
were the allies of the Indians. No man of less 
resolute will than Gen. Jackson could have con- 
ducted this Indian campaign to so successful an 
issue. Immediately he was appointed Major- 

Late in August, with an army of two thousand 
men on a rushing march. Gen. Jackson went to 
Mobile. A British fleet went from Pensacola, 
landed a force upon the beach, anchored near the 
little fort, and from both ship and shore com- 
menced a furious assault. The battle was long 
and doubtful. At length one of the ships was 
blown up and the rest retired. 

Garrisoning Mobile, where he had taken his 
little arm}', he moved his troops to New Orleans, 
and the battle of New Orleans, which soon ensued, 
was in reality a ver\- arduous campaign. This 
won for Gen. Jackson an imperishable name. 
Here his troops, which numbered about four 
thousand men, won a signal victory over the 
British army of about nine thousand. His loss 
was but thirteen, while the loss of the British was 
twenty-six hundred. 

The name of Gen. Jackson soon began to be 
mentioned in connection with the Presidency, 
but in 1824 he was defeated by Mr. Adams. 
He was, however, successful in the election ol 
1828, and was re-elected for a second term in 
1832. In 1829, just before he assumed the reins 
of government, he met with the most terrible 
afiliction of his life in the death of his wife, whom 
he had loved with a devotion which has perhaps 
never been surpassed. From the shock of her 
death he never recovered. 

His administration was one of the most mem- 
orable in the annals of our country — applauded 
by one party, condemned by the other. No man 
had more bitter enemies or warmer friends. At 
the expiration of his two terms of office he retired 
to the Hermitage, where he died June 8, 1845. The 
last years of Mr. Jackson's life were those of a de- 
voted Christian man. 

O > ^i/l^^^ z^^L^/^ ^^e-^^i^ 


yyiARTlN VAN BUREN, the eighth Presi- 

y dent of the United States, was born at Kin- 
(9 derhook, N. Y., December 5, 1782. He 
died at the same place, July 24, 1862. His body 
rests in the cemeterj- at Kinderhook. Above it is 
a plain granite shaft, fifteen feet high, bearing a 
simple inscription about half-way up on one face. 
The lot is unfenced, unbordered or unbounded 
by shrub or flower. 

There is but little in the life of Martin Van 
Buren of romantic interest. He fought no battles, 
engaged in no wild adventures. Though his life 
was stormy in political and intellectual conflicts, 
and he gained many signal victories, his days 
passed uneventful in those incidents which give 
zest to biography. His ancestors, as his name indi- 
cates, were of Dutch origin, and were among the 
earliest emigrants from Holland to the banks of 
the Hudson. His father was a farmer, residing 
in the old town of Kinderhook. His mother, also 
of Dutch lineage, was a woman of superior intel- 
ligence and exemplary piety. 

He was decidedlj- a precocious boy, developing 
unusual activity, vigor and strength of mind. At 
the age of fourteen, he had finished his academic 
studies in his native village, and commenced the 
stud}' of law. As he had not a collegiate educa- 
tion, seven years of study in a law-office were re- 
quired of him before he could be admitted to the 
Bar. Inspired with a lofty ambition, and con- 
scious of his powers, he pursued his studies with 
indefatigable industry'. After spending six years 
in an office in his native village, he went to the city 
of New York, and prosecuted his studies for the 
seventh year. 

In 1803, Mr. Van Buren, then twenty -one years 

of age, commenced the practice of law in his na- 
tive village. The great conflict between the Federal 
and Republican parties was then at its height. 
Mr. Van Buren was from the beginning a politi- 
cian. He had, perhaps, imbibed that spirit while 
listening to the many discussions which had been 
carried on in his father's hotel. He was in cordial 
sympathy with Jefferson, and earnestlj- and elo- 
quently espoused the of State Rights, though 
at that time the Federal party held the supremacy 
both in his town and State. 

His success and increasing reputation led him 
after six years of practice to remove to Hudson, 
the county seat of his county. Here he spent 
seven years, constantly gaining strength by con- 
tending in the courts with some of the ablest men 
who have adorned the Bar of his State. 

Just before leaving Kinderhook for Hudson, Mr. 
Van Buren married a lady alike distinguished for 
beauty and accomplishments. After twelve short 
years she sank into the grave, a victim of con- 
sumption, leaving her husband and four sons to 
weep over her loss. For twenty-five years, Mr. 
Van Buren was an earnest, successful, assiduous 
lawyer. The record of those years is barren in 
items of public interest. In 18 12, when thirty 
years of age, he was chosen to the State Senate, 
and gave his strenuous support to Mr. Madison's 
administration. In 1815, he was appointed At- 
torney-General, and the next year moved to Al- 
bany, the capital of the State. 

While he was acknowledged as one of the most 
prominent leaders of the Democratic party, he had 
the moral courage to avow that true democracy did 
not require that "universal suffrage' ' which admits 
the vile, the degraded, the ignorant, to the righi 



of governing the State. In true consistency with 
his democratic principles, he contended tliat, while 
the path leading to the privilege of voting should 
be open to everj' man without distinction, no one 
should be invested with that sacred prerogative 
unless he were in some degree qualified for it by 
intelligence, virtue, and some property interests in 
the welfare of the State. 

In 182 1 he was elected a member of the United 
States Senate, and in the same year he took a 
seat in the convention to revise the Constitution of 
his native State. His course in this convention 
secured the approval of men of all parties. No 
one could doubt the singleness of his endeavors to 
promote the interests of all classes in the com- 
munity. In the Senate of the United States, he 
rose at once to a conspicuous position as an active 
and useful legislator. 

In 1827, John Quincy Adams being then in the 
Presidential chair, Mr. Van Buren was re-elected 
to the Senate. He had been from the beginning 
a determined opposer of the administration, adopt- 
ing the "State Rights" view in opposition to what 
was deemed the Federal proclivities of Mr. Adams. 

Soon after this, in 1828, he was chosen Governor 
of the State of New York, and accordingl}' resigned 
his .seat in the Senate. Probably no one in the 
United States contributed so much towards eject- 
ing John Q. Adams from the Presidential chair, 
and placing in it Andrew Jackson, as did Martin 
Van Buren. Whether entitled to the reputation 
or not, he certainly was regarded throughout the 
United States as one of the most skillful, .sagacious 
and cunning of politicians. It was supposed that 
no one knew so well as he how to touch the secret 
springs of action, how to pull all the wires to 
put his machinery in motion, and how to organize 
a political amiy which would secretly and stealth- 
ily accomplish the most gigantic results. By these 
powers it is said that he outwitted Mr. Adams, Mr. 
Clay, and Mr. Web.ster, and .secured results which 
few then thought could be accomplished. 

When Andrew Jackson was elected President 
he appointed Mr. \^an Buren Secretary of State. 
This position he resigned in 1831, and was im- 
mediately appointed Minister to England, where 
he went the same autumn. The »Senate, however, 

when it met, refused to ratify the nomination, and 
he returned home, apparently untroubled. Later 
he was nominated Vice-President in the place of 
Calhoun, at the re-election of President Jackson, 
and with .smiles for all and frowns for none, he 
took his place at the head of that Senate which had 
refused to confirm his nomination as ambassador. 

His rejection by the Senate roused all the zeal 
of President Jackson in behalf of his repudiated 
favorite; and this, probably, more than any other 
cause secured his elevation to the chair of the 
Chief Executive. On the 20th of May, 1836, Mr. 
Van Buren received the Democratic nomination 
to succeed Gen. Jackson as President of the United 
States. He was elected by a handsome majority, 
to the delight of the retiring President. ' 'Leaving 
New York out of the canvass," says Mr. Parton, 
"the election of Mr. Van Buren to the Presidency 
was as much the act of Gen. Jackson as though 
the Constitution had conferred upon him the power 
to appoint a successor." 

His administration was filled with exciting 
events. The insurrection in Canada, which 
threatened to involve this country in war with 
England, the agitation of the slavery question, 
and finally the great commercial panic which 
spread over the country, all were trials of his wis- 
dom. The financial distress was attributed to 
the management of the Democratic party, and 
brought the President into such disfavor that he 
failed of re-election, and on the 4th of March, 
1 84 1, he retired from the presidency. 

With the exception of being nominated for the 
Presidency by the "Free Soil" Democrats in 1848, 
Mr. Van Buren lived quietly upon his estate until 
his death. He had ever been a prudent man, of 
frugal habits, and, living within his income, had 
now fortunately a competence for his declining 
years. From his fine estate at Lindenwald, he 
still exerted a powerful influence upon the politics 
of the country. From this time until his death, 
on the 24th of Jul}', 1862, at the age of eighty 
years, he resided at Lindenwald, a gentleman of 
leisure, of culture and wealth, enjoj'ing in a 
healthy old age probably far more happiness than 
he had before experienced amid the stormy scenes 
of his active life. 

^^ ;^;fe<zW^'>^ 


Piesideut of the United States, was born 
at Berkeley, Ya. , February 9, 1773. His 
father, Benjamin Harrison, was in comparatively 
opulent circumstances, and was one of the most 
distinguished men of his day. He was an inti- 
mate friend of George Washington, was early 
elected a member of the Continental Congress, 
and was conspicuous among the patriots of Yir- 
ginia in resisting the encroachments of the British 
crown. In the celebrated Congress of 1775, Ben- 
jamin Harrison and John Hancock were both 
candidates for the office of Speaker. 

Mr. Harrison was subsequently chosen Gov- 
ernor of Yirginia, and was twice re-elected. His 
.son William Henry, of course, enjoyed in child- 
hood all the advantages which wealth and intel- 
lectual and cultivated society could give. Hav- 
ing received a thorough common-school educa- 
tion, he entered Hampden Sidney College, where 
he graduated with honor soon after the death of 
his father. He then repaired to Philadelphia to 
.study medicine under the instructions of Dr. Rush 
and the guardianship of Robert Morris, both of 
whom were, with his father, signers of the Dec- 
laration of Independence. 

Upon the outbreak of the Indian troubles, and 
notwithstanding the remonstrances of his friends, 
he abandoned his medical studies and entered the 
army, ha\ ing obtained a commission as Ensign 
from President Washington. He was then but 
nineteen years old. From that time he passed 
gradually upward in rank until he became aide 
to Gen. Wayne, after whose death he resigned 
his comnii.ssion. He was then appointed Secre- 
tary of the Northwestern Territory. This Terri- 
torj' was then entitled to but one member in Con- 

gress, and Harrison was chosen to fill that position. 
In the spring of 1800 the Northwestern Terri- 
tory- was divided bj' Congress into two portions. 
The eastern portion, comprising the region now 
embraced in the State of Ohio, was called "The 
Territory northwest of the Ohio." The western 
portion, which included what is now called Indi- 
ana, Illinois and Wisconsin, was called "the Indi- 
ana Territorj-." William Henry Harrison, then 
twenty-seven j-ears of age, was appointed by John 
Adams Governor of the Indiana Territorj-, and 
immediately after also Governor of Upper Loui- 
siana. He was thus ruler over almost as exten- 
sive a realm as any sovereign upon the globe. 
He was Superintendent of Indian Affairs, and 
was invested with powers nearly dictatorial over 
the then rapidly increasing white population. The 
abilitj' and fidelity with which he discharged 
these responsible duties may be inferred from the 
fact that he was four times appointed to this 
office — first by John Adams, twice by Thomas 
Jefferson, and afterwards by President Madison. 

When he began his administration there were 
but three white settlements in that almost bound- 
less region, now crowded with cities and resound- 
ing with all the ' tumult of wealth and traffic. 
One of these settlements was on the Ohio, nearly 
opposite Louisville; one at Yincennes, on the; and the third was a French settlement. 

The vast wilderness over which Gov. Harrison 
reigned was filled with many tribes of Indians. 
About the year 1806, two extraordinarj- men, 
twin brothers of the Shawnee tribe, rose among 
them. One of these was called Tecumseh, or 
"the Crouching Panther;" the other OUiwa- 
checa, or "the Prophet." Tecum!;eh was not 
only an Indian warrior, but a man of great sagac- 



ity, far-reaching foresight and indomitable perse- 
verance in any enterprise in which he might en- 
gage. His brother, the Prophet, was an orator, 
who could sway the feelings of the untutored In- 
dians as the gale tossed the tree-tops beneath 
which they dwelt. With an enthusiasm unsur- 
passed by Peter the Hermit rousing Europe to the 
crusades, he went from tribe to tribe, assuming 
that he was specially sent by the Great Spirit. 

Gov. Harrison made many attempts to con- 
ciliate the Indians, but at last war came, and at 
Tippecanoe the Indians were routed with great 
slaughter. October 28, 1812, his army began its 
march. When near the Prophet's town, three 
Indians of rank made their appearance and in- 
quired why Gov. Harrison was approaching them 
in so hostile an attitude. After a short confer- 
ence, arrangements were made for a meeting the 
next day to agree upon terms of peace. 

But Gov. Harrison was too well acquainted 
with the Indian character to be deceived by such 
protestations. Selecting a favorable spot for his 
night's encampment, he took ever>' precaution 
against surprise. His troops were posted in a 
hollow square and slept upon their arms. The 
wakeful Governor, between three and four o'clock 
in the morning, had risen, and was sitting 
in conversation with his aides by the embers 
of a waning fire. It was a chill, cloudy morning, 
with a drizzling rain. In the darkness, the In- 
dians had crept as near as possible, and just then, 
with a savage yell, rushed, with all the despera- 
tion which superstition and passion most highly 
inflamed could give, upon the left flank of the 
little army. The savages had been amply pro- 
vided with guns and ammunition by the English, 
and their war-whoop was accompanied by a 
shower of bullets. 

The camp-fires were instantly extinguished, as 
the light aided the Indians in their aim, and 
Gen. Harrison's troops stood as immovable as 
the rocks around them until day dawned, when 
they made a simultaneous charge with the bayo- 
net and swept everything before them, completely 
routing the foe. 

Gov. Harrison now had all his energies tasked 
to the utmost. The British, descending from the 

Canadas, were of themselves a very formidable 
force, but with their savage allies rushing like 
wolves from the forest, burning, plundering, scalp- 
ing, torturing, the wide frontier was plunged into 
a state of consternation which even the vivid 
imagination can but faintly conceive. Gen. Hull 
had made an ignominious surrender of his forces at 
Detroit. Under these despairing circumstances, 
Gov. Harrison was appointed by President Madi- 
son Commander-in-Chief of the Northwestern 
Army, with orders to retake Detroit and to protect 
the frontiers. It would be difficult to place a man 
in a situation demanding, more energy, sagacity 
and courage, but he was found equal to the 
position, and nobly and triumphantly did he meet 
all the responsibilities. 

In 1816, Gen. Harrison was chosen a member 
of the National House of Representatives, to rep- 
resent the District of Ohio. In Congress he proved 
an active member, and whenever he spoke it was 
with a force of reason and power of eloquence 
which arrested the attention of all the members. 

In 18 ig, Harrison was elected to the vSenate of 
Ohio, and in 1824, as one of the Presidential Elec- 
tors of that State, he gave his vote for Henry 
Clay. The same year he was chosen to the Uni- 
ted States Senate. In 1836 his friends brought 
him forward as a candidate for the Presidency 
against Van Buren, but he was defeated. At the 
close of Mr. Van Buren's term, he was re-nom- 
inated by his party, and Mr. Harri.son was unani- 
mously nominated by the Whigs, with John Tyler 
for the Vice-Presidency. The contest was very 
animated. Gen. Jackson gave all his influence to 
prevent Harrison's election, but his triumph was 

The cabinet which he fomied, with Daniel Web- 
ster at its head as Secretary of State, was one of 
the most brilliant with which any President had 
ever been surrounded. Never were the prospects 
of an administration more flattering, or the hopes 
of the country more sanguine. In the midst of 
these bright and joyous prospects, Gen. Harrison 
was seized by a pleurisy-fever, and after a few 
days of violent sickness died, on the 4th of April, 
just one month after his inauguration as President, 
ofthe United States. 



(John TYLKR, the tenth President of the 
I United States, and was born in Charles 
Q) City Count}-, Va., March 29, 1790. He was 
the favored child of affluence and high social po- 
sition. At the early age of twelve, John entered 
William and Maiy College, and graduated with 
much honor when but seventeen years old. After 
graduating, he devoted himself with great assi- 
duity to the study of law, partly with his father 
and partly with Edmund Randolph, one of the 
most distinguished lawyers of Virginia. 

At nineteen years of age, he commenced the 
practice of law. His success was rapid and as- 
tonishing. It is said that three months had not 
elapsed ere there was scarcely a case on the 
docket of the court in which he was not retained. 
When but twenty-one j-ears of age, he was almost 
unanimously elected to a seat in the State Legis- 
lature. He connected himself with the Demo- 
cratic part}', and warmly advocated the measures 
of Jefferson and Madison. For five successive 
years he was elected to the Legislature, receiving 
nearly the unanimous vote of his county. 

When but twenty-six years of age, he was 
elected a Member of Congress. Here he acted ear- 
nestly and ably with the Democratic party, oppos- 
ing a national bank, internal improvements by 
the General Government, and a protective tariff; 
advocating a strict construction of the Constitu- 
tion and the most careful vigilance over State 
rights. His labors in Congress were so arduous 
that before the close of his second term he found 
it necessary to resign and retire to his estate in 
Charles City County to recruit his health. He, 
however, soon after consented to take his seat in 
the State Legislature, where his influence was 
powerful in promoting public works of great 
utilit}'. With a reputation thus constantly in- 
creasing, he was chosen by a very large majority 
of votes Governor of his native State. His ad- 
ministration was a signally successfiil one, and his 
popularity secured his re-election. 

John Randolph, a brilliant, erratic, half-crazed 
man, then represented Virginia in the Senate of 
the United States. A portion, of the Democratic 
party was displeased with Mr. Randolph's way- 
ward course, and brought forward John Tyler as 
his opponent, considering him the only man in 
Virginia of sufficient popularity to succeed the renowned orator of Roanoke. Mr. 
Tyler was the victor. 

In accordance with his professions, upon tak- 
ing his .seat in the Senate he joined the ranks of 
the oppo.sition. He oppo.sed the tariff, and spoke 
against and voted against the bank as unconsti- 
tutional; he strenuously opposed all restrictions 
upon slavery, resisting all projects of internal im- 
provements by the General Government, and 
avowed his sympathy with Mr. Calhoun's view 
of nullification; he declared that Gen. Jackson, 
by his opposition to the nullifiers, had abandoned 
the principles of the Democratic party. Such 
was Mr. T}Ier's record in Congress — a record in 
perfect accordance with the principles which he 
had always avowed. 

Returning to Virginia, he resumed the practice 
of his profession. There was a split in the Demo- 
cratic party. His friends still regarded him as a 
true Jeffersonian, gave him a dinner, and show- 
ered compliments upon him. He had now at- 
tained the age of forty-six, and his career had been 
very brilliant. In consequence of his devotion to 
public business, his private affairs had fallen into 
some disorder, and it was not without satisfac- 
tion that he resumed the practice of law, and de- 
voted himself to the cultivation of his plantation. 
Soon after this he removed to Williamsburg, for 
the better education of his children, and he again 
took his seat in the Legislature of Virginia. 

By the southern Whigs he was sent to the 
national convention at Harrisburg in 1839 to nom- 
inate a President. The majority of votes were 
given to Gen Harrison, a genuine Whig, much 
to the disappointment of the South, which wished 



for Henry Cla3^ To conciliate the southern 
Wliigs and to secure their vote, the convention 
then nominated John Tyler for Vice-President. 
It was well known that he was not in sympathy 
with the Whig party in the North; but the Vice- 
President has very little power in the Govern- 
ment, his main and almost only duty being to 
preside over the meetings of the Senate. Thus it 
happened that a Whig President and, in reality, 
a Democratic Vice-President were chosen. 

In 1S41, Mr. Tyler was inaugurated Vice- 
President of the United States. In one short 
month from that time. President Harrison died, 
and Mr. Tyler thus found himself, to his own 
surprise and that of the whole nation, an occu- 
pant of the Presidential chair. Hastening from 
Williamsburg to Washington, on the 6th of 
April he was inaugurated to the high and re- 
sponsible office. He was placed in a position of 
exceeding delicacy and difficulty. All his long 
life he had been opposed to the main j-rinciples of 
the party which had brought him into power. 
He had ever been a consistent, honest man, with 
an unblemished record. Gen. Harrison had se- 
lected a Whig cabinet. Should he retain them, 
and thus surround himself with counselors whose 
views were antagonistic to his own ? or, on the 
other hand, should he turn against the party 
which had elected him, and select a cabinet in 
harmony with himself, and which would oppose 
all those views which the Whigs deemed essen- 
tial to the public welfare ? This was his fearful 
dilemma. He invited the cabinet which Presi- 
dent Harrison had selected to retain their seats, 
and recommended a day of fasting and prayer, 
that God would guide and bless us. 

The Whigs carried through Congress a bill for 
the incorporation of a fiscal bank of ;he United 
States. The President, after ten daj-s' delay, re- 
turned it with his veto. He suggested, however, 
that he would approve of a bill drawn up upon 
such a plan as he proposed. Such a bill was ac- 
cordingly prepared, and privately submitted to 
him. He gave it his approval. It was passed 
without alteration, and he sent it back with his 
veto. Here commenced the open rupture. It is 
said that Mr. Tyler was provoked to this meas- 

ure by a published letter from the Hon. John M. 
Botts, a distinguished Virginia Whig, who se- 
verely touched the pride of the President. 

The opposition now exultingly received the 
President into their arms. The party which 
elected him denounced him bitterly. All the 
members of his cabinet, excepting Mr. Webster, 
resigned. The Whigs of Congress, both the 
Senate and the House, held a meeting and i.s.sued 
an address to the people of the United States, 
proclaiming that all political alliance between the 
Whigs and President Tyler was at an end. 

Still the President attempted to conciliate. He 
appointed a new cabinet of distinguished Whigs 
and Conservatives, carefully leaving out all strong 
party men. Mr. Webster soon found it necessary 
to resign, forced out by the pressure of his Whig 
friends. Thus the four years of Mr. Tyler's un- 
fortunate administration passed sadly away. No 
one was satisfied. The land was filled with mur- 
murs and vituperation. Whigs and Democrats 
alike assailed him. More and more, however, he 
brought himself into sympathy with his old 
friends, the Democrats, until at the close of his 
term he gave his whole influence to the support 
of Mr. Polk, the Democratic candidate for his 

On the 4th of March, 1845, President T)ler re- 
tired from the harassments of office, to the regret 
of neither party, and probably to his own un.speak- 
able relief The remainder of his days were 
passed mainly in the retirement of his beautiful 
home — Sherwood Forest, Charles City County, 
Va. His first wife, Miss Letitia Christian, died 
in Washington in 1842; and in June, 1844, 
he was again married, at New York, to Miss Julia 
Gardiner, a young lady of many personal and 
intellectual accomplishments. 

When the great Rebellion rose, wliicli the 
State Rights and nullifying doctrines of John C. 
Calhoun had inaugurated. President Tyler re- 
nounced his allegiance to the United States, and 
joined the Confederates. He was chosen a mem- 
ber of their Congress, and while engaged in 
active measures to destroy, by force of arms, the 
Government over which he had once presided, he. 
was taken sick and soon died. 

^k7 -- 


(TAMEvS K. polk, the eleventh President of 
I the United States, was bom in Mecklenburgh 
(2/ Countj', N. C, November 2, 1795. His 
parents were Samuel and Jane (Knox) Polk, the 
former a son of Col. Thoma,s Polk, who located 
at the above place, as one of the first pioneers, in 
1735. In 1806, with his wife and children, and 
soon after followed by most of the members of the 
Polk family, vSamuel Polk emigrated some two or 
three hundred miles farther west, to the rich val- 
ley of the Duck River. Here, in the midst of the 
wilderness, in a region which was .subsequently 
called Maun.- County, they erected their log huts 
and established their homes. In the hard toil of 
a new fanu in the wilderness, James K. Polk 
spent the early years of his childhood and youth. 
His father, adding the pursuit of a surveyor to 
that of a farmer, gradualh^ increa.sed in wealth, 
until he became one of the leading men of the 
region. His mother was a superior woman, of 
strong common sense and earnest piety. 

Very early in life James developed a taste for 
reading, and expressed the strongest desire to ob- 
tain a liberal education. His mother's training 
had made him methodical in his habits, had taught 
him punctuality and industr>% and had inspired 
him with lofty principles of morality. His health 
was frail, and his father, fearing that he might not 
be able to endure a sedentary life, got a situation 
for him behind the counter, hoping to fit him for 
commercial pursuits. 

This was to James a bitter disappointment. He 
had no taste for these duties, and his daily tasks 
were irksome in the extreme. He remained in this 
uncongenial occupation but a few weeks, when, 
at his earnest solicitation, his father removed 
him and made arrangements for him to pros- 
ecute his studies. Soon after he sent him to Mur- 
freesboro Academy. With ardor which could 
scarcely be surpassed, he pressed forward in his 

studies, and in less than two and a-half years, in 
the autumn of 18 15, entered the sophomore class 
in the University of North Carolina, at Chapel 
Hill. Here he was one of the most exemplar)- of 
scholars, punctual in ever)' exercise, never allow- 
ing himself to be absent from a recitation or a 
religious sen'ice. 

Mr. Polk graduated in 1818, with the highest 
honors, being deemed the best scholar of his class, 
l)oth in mathematics and the classics. He was 
then twenty-three j-ears of age. His health was 
at this time much impaired by the assiduity with 
which he had prosecuted his studies. After a 
short season of relaxation, he went to Nashville, 
and entered the office of Felix Grundj-, to study 
law. Here Mr. Polk renewed his acquaintance 
with Andrew Jackson, who resided on his planta- 
tion, the " Hermitage," but a few miles from 
Nashville. They had probably been slightly ac- 
quainted before. 

Mr. Polk's father was a Jeffersonian Republican 
and James K. adhered to the same political faith. 
He was a popular public speaker, and was con- 
stantly called upon to address the meetings of his 
party friends. His skill as a speaker was such 
that he was popularly called the Napoleon of the 
stump. He was a man of unblemished morals, 
genial and courteous in his bearing, and with that 
sympathetic nature in the joys and griefs of oth- 
ers which gave him hosts of friends. In 1823, 
he was elected to the Legislature of Tennessee, 
and gave his strong influence toward the election 
of his friend, Mr. Jackson, to the Presidency of 
the United States. 

In Januar)-, 1824, Mr. Polk married Miss Sarah 
Childress, of Rutherford County, Tenn. His 
bride was altogether worthy of him — a lady of 
beauty and culture. In the fall of 1S25 Mr. Polk 
was chosen a member of Congress, and the .satis- 
faction he gave his constituents may be inferred 



from the fact, that for fourteen successive years, 
or until 1839, he was continued in that ofl&ce. He 
then voluntarily withdrew, only that he might 
accept the Gubernatorial chair of Tennessee. In 
Congress he was a laborious member, a frequent 
and a popular speaker. He was always in his 
seat, alwaj^s courteous, and whenever he spoke 
it was alwaj's to the point, without any ambitious 
rhetorical di.splay. 

During five sessions of Congress Mr. Polk was 
Speaker of the House. Strong passions were 
roused and stormy scenes were witnessed, but he 
performed his arduous duties to a verj^ general 
satisfaction, and a unanimous vote of thanks to 
him was passed by the House as he withdrew on 
the 4th of March, 1839. 

In accordance with Southern usage, Mr. Polk, 
as a candidate for Governor, canvassed the State. 
He was elected by a large majority, and on Octo- 
ber 14, 1839, took the oath of office at Nashville. 
In 1 841 his term of office expired, and he was 
again the candidate of the Democratic party, but 
was defeated. 

On the 4th of March, 1845, Mr. Polk was in- 
augurated President of the United States. The 
verdict of the country in favor of the annexation 
of Texas exerted its influence upon Congress, 
and the last act of the administration of President 
Tj'ler was to affix his signature to a joint resolu- 
tion of Congress, passed on the 3d of March, ap- 
proving of the annexation of Texas to the Union. 
As Mexico still claimed Texas as one of her 
provinces, the Mexican Minister, Almonte, im- 
mediately demanded his passports and left the 
country, declaring the act of the annexation to be 
an act hostile to Mexico. 

In his first message. President Polk urged that 
Texas should immediately, by act of Congress, be 
received into the Union on the same footing with 
the other States. In the mean time. Gen. Taylor 
was sent with an army into Texas to hold the 
countrj'. He was first sent to Nueces, which the 
Mexicans said was the western boundary' of Tex- 
as. Then he was sent nearly two hundred miles 
further west, to the Rio Grande, where he erected 
batteries which commanded the Mexican city of 
Matamoras, which was situated on the western 

banks. The anticipated collision soon took place, 
and war was declared against Mexico by President 
Polk. The war was pushed forward by his ad- 
ministration with great vigor. Gen. Taylor, 
whose army was first called one of ' ' obsen'ation, ' ' 
then of "occupation," then of "invasion," was 
sent forward to Monterey. The feeble Mexicans 
in every encounter were hopeles.sly slaughtered. 
The day of judgment alone can reveal the miser>' 
which this war caused. It was by the ingenuity 
of Mr. Polk's administration that the war was 
brought on. 

"To the victors belong the spoils. " Mexico 
was prostrate before us. Her capital was in our 
hands. We now consented to peace upon the 
condition that Mexico should surrender to us, in 
addition to Texas, all of New Mexico, and all of 
Upper and Lower Califoniia. This new demand 
embraced, exclusive of Texas, eight hundred 
thousand square miles. This was an extent of 
territorj' equal to nine States of the size of New 
York. Thus slavery was securing eighteen ma- 
jestic States to be added to the Union. There 
were some Americans who thought it all right; 
there were others who thought it all wrong. In 
the prosecution of this war we expended twenty 
thousand lives and more than $100,000,000. Of 
this money $15,000,000 were paid to Mexico. 

On the 3d of March, 1849, Mr. Polk retired 
from office, having ser\'ed one term. The next 
day- was Snndaj-. On the 5th, Gen. Taylor was 
inaugurated as his successor. Mr. Polk rode to 
the Capitol in the same carriage with Gen. Tay- 
lor, and the same evening, with Mrs. Polk, he 
conmienced his return to Tennessee. He was 
then but fiftj--four years of age. He had alway-s 
been strictl}' temperate in all his habits, "and his 
health was good. With an ample fortune, a 
choice library^ a cultivated mind, and domestic 
ties of the dearest nature, it seemed as though 
long years of tranquillitj- and happiness were be- 
fore him. But the cholera — that fearful scourge 
— was then sweeping up the Valley of the Missis- 
sippi, and he contracted the disease, dying on the 
15th of June, 1849, i" the fifty-fourth year of his 
age, greatly mourned by his countr\-men. , 


G7ACHARY TAYLOR, Uvelfth President of 
j. the Uuitefl States, was born on the 24th of 
/~) November, 1784, in Orange County, \'a. 
His father. Col. Taylor, was a Virginian of 
note, and a distinguished patriot and soldier of 
the Revolution. When Zacharj- was an infant, 
his father, with his wife and two children, emi- 
grated to Kentucky, where he settled in the path- 
less wilderness, a few miles from Louisville. In 
this frontier home, away from civilization and all 
its refinements, young Zachary could enjoy but 
few social and educational advantages. When 
six years of age he attended a common school, 
and was then regarded as a bright, active boy, 
rather remarkable for bluntness and decision of 
character. He was strong, fearless and self-reli- 
ant, and manifested a strong desire to enter the 
army to fight the Indians, who were ravaging the 
frontiers. There is little to be recorded of the 
uneventful years of his childhood on his father's 
large but lonely plantation. 

In 1808, his father succeeded in obtaining for 
him a commission as Lieutenant in the United 
States annj-, and he joined the troops which were 
stationed at New Orleans under Gen. Wilkinson. 
Soon after this he married Miss Margaret Smith, 
a yoiuig lady from one of the first families of 

Immediately after the declaration of war with 
England, in 1812, Capt. Taylor (for he had then 
been promoted to that rank) was put in command 
of Ft. Harrison, on the Wabash, about fifty miles 
above Vincennes. This fort had been built in the 
wilderness by Gen. Harri.son, on his march to 
Tippecanoe. It was one of the first points of at- 
tack by the Indians, led by Tecumseh. Its garri- 
son consisted of a broken company of infantry, 
numbering fifty men, manj- of whom were sick. 

Early in the autumn of 1812, the Indians, 
stealthily, and in large nnmbers, moved upon the 

fort. Their approach was first indicated by the 
nuirder of two soldiers just outside of the stockade. 
Capt. Taylor made every possible preparation to 
meet the anticipated assault. On the 4th of Sep- 
tember, a band of forty painted and plumed sav- 
ages c&nie to the fort, waving a white flag, and 
informed Capt. Taylor that in the morning their 
chief would come to have a talk with him. It 
was evident that their object was merely to ascer- 
tain the state of things at the fort, and Capt. 
Ta\ior, well versed in the wiles of the savages, 
kept them at a distance. 

The sun went down; the savages disappeared; 
the garrison slept upon their arms. One hour 
before midnight the war-whoop burst from a 
thousand lips in the forest around, followed by 
the discharge of musketr>' and the rush of the 
foe. Every man, sick and well, sprang to his 
post. Every man knew that defeat was not 
merelj' death, but, in the case of capture, death by 
the most agonizing and prolonged torture. No 
pen can describe, no imagination can conceive, the 
scenes which ensued. The savages succeeded in 
setting fire to one of the block-houses. Until six 
o'clock in the morning this awful conflict con- 
tinued, when the savages, baffled at ever>' point 
and gnashing their teeth with rage, retired. 
Capt. Taylor, for this gallant defense, was pro- 
moted to the rank of Major by brevet. 

Until the close of the war, Maj. Taylor was 
placed in such situations that he saw but little 
more of active service. He was sent far away 
into the depths of the wilderness to Ft. Craw- 
ford, on Fox River, which empties into Green 
Bay. Here there was little to be done but to 
wear away the tedious hours as one best could. 
There were no books, no society, no intellectual 
stimulus. Thus with him the uneventful years 
rolled on. Gradually he rose to the rank of 
Colonel. In the Black Hawk War, which re- 



suited in the capture of that renowned chieftain, 
Col. Taylor took a subordinate, but a brave and 
efficient, part. 

For twentj'-four jears Col. Taylor was engaged 
in the defense of the frontiers, in scenes so re- 
mote, and in employments so obscure, that his 
name was unknown beyond the limits of his own 
immediate acquaintance. In the year 1836, he 
was sent to Florida to compel the Seminole Indi- 
ans to vacate that region, and retire beyond the 
Mississippi, as their chiefs by treaty had prom- 
ised they should do. The services rendered here 
secured for Col. Taylor the high appreciation of 
the Government, and as a reward he was ele- 
vated to the high rank of Brigadier-General by 
brevet, and soon • after, in May, 1838, was ap- 
pointed to the chief command of the United 
States troops in Florida. 

After two jears of wearisome emplo}-ment 
amidst the everglades of the Peninsula, Gen. Tay- 
lor obtained, at his own request, a change of 
command, and was stationed over the Department 
of the Southwest. This field embraced lyonisiana, 
Mississippi, Alabama and Georgia. Establishing 
his headquarters at Ft. Jessup, in Louisiana, he 
removed his family to a plantation which he pur- 
chased near Baton Rouge. Here he remained 
for five years, buried, as it were, from the world, 
but faithfully discharging every dut)- imposed 
upon him. 

In 1846, Gen. Taylor was sent to guard the 
land between the Nueces and Rio Grande, the 
latter river being the boundary of Texas, which 
was then claimed by the United States. Soon 
the war with Mexico was brought on, and at Palo 
Alto and Resaca de la Palma, Gen. Taylor won 
brilliant victories over the Mexicans. The rank 
of Major-General by brevet was then conferred 
upon Gen. Taylor, and his name was received 
with enthusiasm almost everywhere in the na- 
tion. Then came "the battles of Monterej- and 
Buena Vista, in which he won signal victories 
over forces much larger than he commanded. 

The tidings of the brilliant victory of Buena 
Vista spread the wildest enthusiasm over the 
country. The name of Gen. Taylor was on 
everj- one's lips. The Whig party decided to 

take advantage of this wonderful popularity in 
bringing forward the unpolished, unlettered, hon- 
est soldier as their candidate for the Presidency. 
Gen. Taylor was astonished at the announce- 
ment, and for a time would not listen to it, de- 
claring that he was not at all qualified for such 
an office. So little interest had he taken in poli- 
tics, that for forty )-ears he had not cast a vote. 
It was not without chagrin that several distin- 
guished statesmen, who had been long years in 
the public service, found their claims set aside in 
behalf of one whose name had never been heard 
of, save in connection with Palo Alto, Resaca de 
la Palma, MontercN- and Buena Vista. It is said 
that Daniel Webster, in his haste, remarked, " It 
is a nomination not fit to be made." 

Gen. Taylor was not an eloquent speaker nor a 
fine writer. His friends took possession of him, 
and prepared such few communications as it was 
needful should be presented to the public. The 
popularity of the successful warrior swept the 
land. He was triumphantly elected over two 
opposing candidates, — Gen. Cass and Ex-Presi- 
dent Martin Van Buren. Though he selected an 
excellent cabinet, the good old man found himself 
in a very uncongenial position, and was at times 
sorely perplexed and harassed. His mental suf- 
ferings were very severe, and probabl}- tended to 
hasten his death. The pro-slavery party was 
pu.shing its claims with tireless energy; expedi- 
tions were fitting out to capture Cuba; California 
was pleading for admission to the Union, while 
slavery stood at the door to bar her out. Gen. 
Taylor found the political conflicts in Wa.shington 
to be far more trying to the ner\'es than battles 
with Mexicans or Indians. 

In the midst of all these troubles. Gen. Taylor, 
after he had occupied the Presidential chair but 
little over a year, took cold, and after a brief 
sickness of but little over five days, died, on the 
9th of July, 1850. His last words were, "I am 
not afraid to die. I am ready. I have endeav- 
ored to do my duty." He died universally re- 
spected and beloved. An honest, unpretending 
man, he had been steadily growing in the affec- 
tions of the people, and the Nation bitterlj- la- 
mented his death. 


W : -^ ft; 

/ c/y '^(^c-^U^f <riO 


jV yi ILLARD FILLMORE, thirteenth President 
I y of the United States, was born at Summer 
[0 Hill. Cayuga County, N. Y., on the 7th of 
J.uuary, 1800. Hisfather was a farmer, and, owing 
t;j misfortune, in humble circumstances. Of his 
r.iother, the daughter of Dr. Abiathar Millard, of 
Pittsfield, Mass., it has been said that she pos- 
sessed an intellect of a high order, united with 
much personal loveliness, sweetness of disposi- 
tion, graceful manners and exquisite sensibilities. 
She died in 1831, having lived to see her son a 
young man of distinguished promise, though she 
was not permitted to witness the high dignity 
which he finally attained. 

In consequence of the .secluded home and limited 
means of his father, Millard enjoyed but slender 
advantages for education in his earh- j-ears. The 
common schools, which he cccasionalh- attended, 
were very imperfect institutions, and books were 
scarce and expensive. There was nothing then 
in his character to indicate the brilliant career 
upon which he was about to enter. He was a 
plain farmer's boy — intelligent, good-looking, 
kind-hearted. The sacred iufluences of home 
had taught him to revere the Bible, and had laid 
the foundations of an upright character. When 
fourteen years of age, his father sent him some 
hundred miles from home to the then wilds of 
Livingston County, to learn the trade of a clothier. 
Near the mill there was a small village, where 
some enterprising man had commenced the col- 
lection of a village librar}-. This proved an in- 
estimable blessing to j^oung Fillmore. His even- 
ings were spent in reading. Soon every leisure 
moment was occupied with books. His thirst for 
knowledge became insatiate, and the selections 
which he made were continually more elevating 
and instructive. He read history, biography, 
oratory-, and thus gradually there was enkindled 

in his heart a desire to be something more than a 
mere worker with his hands. 

The yoiuig clothier had now attained the age 
of nineteen j'ears, and was of fine personal appear- 
ance and of gentlemanly demeanor. It so hap- 
pened that there was a gentleman in the neigh- 
borhood of ample pecuniarj- means and of benev- 
olence, — Judge Walter Wood, — who was struck 
with the prepossessing appearance of young Fill- 
more. He made his acquaintance, and was so 
much impres.sed with his ability and attainments 
that he advised him to abandon his trade and de- 
vote himself to the study of the law. The j-oung 
man replied that he had no means of his own, 
no friends to help him, and that his previous edu- 
cation had been verj- imperfect. But Judge Wood 
had .so much confidence in him that he kindly 
offered to take him into his own office, and to 
lend him such money as he needed. Most grate- 
fully the generous offer was accepted. 

There is in many minds a strange delusion 
about a collegiate education. A young man is 
supposed to be liberallj- educated if he has gradu- 
ated at some college. But many a boy who loi- 
ters through uni\-ersitj- halls and then enters a 
law office is by no means as well prepared to 
prosecute his legal studies as was Millard Fill- 
more when he graduated at the clothing-mill at 
the end of four years of manual labor, during 
which even,- leisure moment had been devoted to 
intense mental culture. 

In 1823, when twent3^-three j-ears of age, he 
was admitted to the Court of Common Pleas. 
He then went to the village of Aurora, and com- 
menced the practice of law. In this secluded, 
quiet region, his practice, of course, was limited, 
and there was no opportunity for a sudden rise in 
fortune or in fame. Here, in 1826, he married a 
lady of great moral worth, and one capable of 


adorning any station she might be called to fill, — 
Miss Abigail Powers. 

His elevation of character, his untiring industry, 
his legal acquirements, and his skill as an advo- 
cate, gradually attracted attention, and he was 
invited to enter into partnership, under highly ad- 
vantageous circumstances, with an elder member 
of the Bar in Buffalo. Just before removing to 
Buffalo, in 1829, he took his seat in the House of 
Assembly of the State of New York, as a Repre- 
sentative from Erie County. Though he had 
never taken a very active part in politics, his vote 
and sympathies were with the Whig party. The 
State was then Democratic, and he found himself 
in a helpless minority in the Legislature; still the 
testimony comes from all parties that his courtesy, 
ability and integrity won, to a verj- unusual de- 
gree, the respect of his associates. 

In the autumn of 1832, he was elected to a 
seat in the United States Congress. He entered 
that troubled arena in the most tumultuous hours 
of our national history, when the great conflict 
respecting the national bank and the removal of 
the deposits was raging. 

His term of two years closed, and he returned 
to his profession, which he pursued with increas- 
ing reputation and success. After a lapse of two 
years he again became a candidate for Congress; 
was re-elected, and took his seat in 1837. ^i^ 
past experience as a Representative gave him 
strength and confidence. The first term of service 
in Congress to any man can be but little more 
than an introduction. He was now prepared for 
active duty. All his energies were brought to 
bear upon the public good. Every measure re- 
ceived his impress. 

Mr. Fillmore was now a man of wide repute, 
and his popularity filled the State. In the year 
1847, when he had attained the age of forty- 
seven years, he was elected Comptroller of the 
State. His labors at the Bar, in the Legisla- 
ture, in Congress and as Comptroller, had given 
him very considerable fame. The Whigs were 
casting about to find suitable candidates for Presi- 
dent and Vice-President at the approaching elec- 
tion. Far away on the waters of the Rio Grande, 
there was a rough old soldier, who had fought 

one or two .successful battles with the Mexicans, 
which had caused his name to be proclaimed in 
trumpet-tones all over the land as a candidate for 
the presidency. But it was necessarj^ to associate 
with him on the same ticket some man of repu- 
tation as a statesman. 

Under the influence of these considerations, the 
names of Zacharj^ Taylor and Millard Fillmore 
became the rallying-cry of the Whigs, as their 
candidates for President and Vice-President. The 
Whig ticket was signallj- triumphant. On the 
4th of March, 1849, Gen. Taylor was inaugurated 
President, and Millard Fillmore Vice-President, 
of the United States. 

On the 9th of July, 1850, President Taylor, 
about one year and four months after his inaugura- 
tion, was suddenly taken sick and died. By the 
Constitution, Vice-President Fillmore thus be- 
came President. He appointed a very able cabi- 
net, of which the illustrious Daniel Webster was 
Secretary of State;, he had serious 
difficulties to contend with, .since the opposition 
had a majority in both Houses. He did all in his 
power to conciliate the South; but the pro-slavery 
party in the South felt the inadequacy of all 
measures of transient conciliation. The popula- 
tion of the free States was so rapidly increasing 
over that of the .slave States, that it was inevitable 
that the power of the Government should soon into the hands of the free States. The fa- 
mous compromise measures were adopted under 
Mr. Fillmore's administration, and the Japan ex- 
pedition was sent out. On the 4th of March, 
1853, he, having served one term, retired. 

In 1856, Mr. Fillmore was nominated for the 
Presidency by the "Know-Nothing" part)-, but 
was beaten by Mr. Buchanan. After that Mr. 
Fillmore lived in retirement. During the terri- 
ble conflict of civil war, he was mosth- silent. It 
was generally supposed that his sympathies were 
rather with those who were endeavoring to over- 
throw our institutions. President Fillmore kept 
aloof from the conflict, without any cordial words 
of cheer to one party or the otlier. He was thus 
forgotten by both. He lived to a ripe old age, 
and died in Buffalo, N. Y., March 8, 1874. 



""RANKLIN pierce, the fourteenth Presi- 
'3 dent of the United States, was born in Hills- 
borough, N. H., November 23, 1804. His 
lather was a Revohitionary soldier, who with his 
own strong arm hewed out a home in the wilder- 
ness. He was a man of inflexible integritj', of 
strong, though uncultivated, mind, and was an un- 
compromising Democrat. The mother of Frank- 
lin Pierce was all that a son could desire — an in- 
telligent, prudent, affectionate, Christian woman. 

Franklin, who was the sixth of eight children, 
was a remarkably bright and handsome boy, 
generous, warm-hearted and brave. He won 
alike the love of old and young. The boys on 
the play-ground lo^•ed him. His teachers loved 
him. The neighbors looked upon him with pride 
and affection. He was by instinct a gentleman, 
always speaking kind words, and doing kind 
deeds, with a peculiar, unstudied tact which 
taught him what was agreeable. Without de- 
veloping any precocity of genius, or any unnatural 
devotion to books, he was a good scholar, and in 
body and mind a finely developed boy. 

When sixteen years of age, in the year 1820, 
he entered Bowdoin College, at Brunswick, Me. 
He was one of the most popular young men in 
the college. The purity of his moral character, 
the unvarying courtesy of his demeanor, his rank 
as a scholar, and genial nature, rendered him a 
universal favorite. There was something pe- 
culiarly winning in his address, and it was evi- 
dently not in the slightest degree studied — it was 
the simple outgu.shing of his own magnanimous 
and loving nature. 

Upon graduating, in the year 1824, Franklin 
Pierce commenced the study of law in the office 
of Judge Woodljur>', one of the most distinguished 

lawyers of the State, and a man of great private 
worth. The eminent social qualities of the young 
lawyer, his father's prominence as a public man, 
and the brilliant political career into which Judge 
Woodburj^ was entering, all tended to entice Mr. 
Pierce into the fascinating j-et perilous path of 
political life. With all the ardor of his nature he 
espoused the cause of Gen. Jackson for the Presi- 
dency. He commenced the practice of law in 
Hillsborough, and was soon elected to represent 
the town in the State Legislature. Here he 
served for four years. The last two years he was 
cho.sen Speaker of the House by a very large 

In 1833, at the age of twenty-nine, he was 
elected a member of Congress. In 1837, being 
then bui thirtj'-three j-ears old, he was elected to 
the Senate, taking his seat just as Mr. Van Buren 
commenced his administration. He was the 
youngest member in the Senate. In the year 
1834, he married Miss Jane Means Appleton, a 
lady of rare beauty and accomplishments, and one 
admirably fitted to adorn every station with which 
her hu.sband was honored. Of the three sons who 
were born to them, all now sleep with their par- 
ents in the grave. 

In the year 1838, Mr. Pierce, with growing 
fame and increasing business as a lawyer, took up 
his residence in Concord, the capital of New 
Hampshire. President Polk, upon his accession 
to office, appointed Mr. Pierce Attorney-General 
of the United States; but the offer was declined 
in consequence of numerous professional engage- 
ments at home, and the precarious state of Mrs. 
Pierce's health. He also, about the same time, 
declined the nomination for Governor by the 
Democratic party. The war with Mexico called 



Mr. Pierce into the army. Receiving the appoint- 
ment of Brigadier-General, he embarked with a 
portion of his troops at Newport, R. I., on the 
27th of May, 1847. He took an important part 
in this war, proving himself a brave and true sol- 

When Gen. Pierce reached his home in his na- 
tive State, he was received enthusiastically by the 
ad\-ocates of the Mexican War, and coldlj- by his 
opponents. He resumed the practice of his pro- 
fession, verj- frequently taking an active part in 
political questions, giving his cordial support to 
the pro-slaver>' wing of the Democratic part}'. 
The compromise measures met cordially with his 
approval, and he strenuously advocated the en- 
forcement of the infamous Fugitive Slave Law, 
which so shocked the religious sensibilities of the 
North. He thus became distinguished as a 
' ' Northern man with Southern principles. ' ' The 
strong partisans of -slaverj' in the South conse- 
quentl}- regarded him as a man whom they could 
safel}- trust in ofiBce to carrj^ out their plans. 

On the i2tli of June, 1852, the Democratic con- 
vention met in Baltimore to nominate a candidate 
for the Presidency. For four days they contin- 
ued in .ses.sion, and in thirty-five ballotings no one 
had obtained a two-thirds vote. Not a vote thus 
far had been thrown for Gen. Pierce. Then the 
Virginia delegation brought forward his name. 
There were fourteen more ballotings, during which 
Gen. Pierce constantly gained strength, until, at 
the fort3'-ninth ballot, he received two hundred 
and eightj-'two votes, and all other candidates 
eleven. Gen. Winfield Scott was the Whig can- 
didate. Gen. Pierce was chosen with great una- 
nimitj-. Only four States — Vermont, Massachu- 
setts, Kentucky- and Tennessee — cast their elec- 
toral votes against him. Gen. Franklin Pierce 
was therefore inaugurated President of the United 
Staters on the 4th of March, 1853. 

His administration proved one of the most 
stormj- our country had ever experienced. The 
controversy between slavery- and freedom was 
then approaching its culminating point. It be- 
came evident that there was to be an irrepressible 
conflict between them, and that this nation 
could not long exist " half slave and half free." 

President Pierce, during the whole of his admin- 
istration, did everj'thing he could to conciliate the 
South; but it was all in vain. The conflict ever>' 
year grew more violent, and threats of the disso- 
lution of the Union were borne to the North on 
every Southern breeze. 

Such was the condition of affairs when Presi- 
dent Pierce approached the close of his four- 
years term of office. The North had become 
thoroughl}- alienated from him. The anti-slavery 
sentiment, goaded by great outrages, had been 
rapidly increasing; all the intellectual ability and 
social worth of President Pierce were forgotten in 
deep reprehension of his administrative acts. The 
slaveholders of the South also, unmindful of the 
fidelity with which he had ad\-ocated those meas- 
ures of Government which tliej- approved, and 
perhaps feeling that he had rendered himself 
so unpopular as no longer to be able to accepta- 
bly sen-e them, ungratefully dropped him, and 
nominated James Buchanan to succeed him. 

On the 4tli of March, 1857, President Pierce re- 
turned to his home in Concord. His three chil- 
dren were all dead, his last surviving child hav- 
ing been killed before his ej-es in a railroad acci- 
dent; and his wife, one of the most estimable and 
accomplished of ladies, was rapidly sinking in 
consumption. The hour of dreadful gloom soon 
came, and he was left alone in the \\orkl without 
wife or child. 

When the terrible Rebellion burst forth which 
divided our country' into two parties, and two 
only, Mr. Pierce remained steadfast in the prin- 
ciples which he had always cherished, and gave 
his sympathies to that pro-slavery party with 
which he had ever been allied. He declined to 
do anything, either by voice or pen, to strengthen 
the hand of the National Govermnent. He con- 
tinued to reside in Concord until the time of his 
death, which occurred in October, 1869. He was 
one of the most genial and social of men, an hon- 
ored communicant of the Episcopal Church, and 
one of the kindest of neighbors. Generous to a 
fault, he contributed liberally toward the allevia- 
tion of suffering and want, and many of his 
towns-people were often gladdened by his material 




■^^<?7?^</ G 

-y^^o:;^^ /-> 



(Tames BUCHANAN, the fifteenth President 
I of the United States, was born in a small 
(2/ frontier town, at the foot of the eastern ridge 
of the Alleghanies, in Franklin County, Pa., on 
the 23d of April, 1791. The place where the 
humble cabin home stood was called Stony Bat- 
ter. His father was a native of the north of Ire- 
land, who had emigrated in 1783, with little prop- 
erty save his own strong arms. Five years after- 
ward he married Elizabeth Spear, the daughter 
of a respectable farmer, and, with his young bride, 
plunged into the wilderness, staked his claim, 
reared his log hut, opened a clearing with his 
axe, and settled down there to perform his obscure 
part in the drama of life. When James was eight 
years of age, his father removed to the village of 
Mercersburg, where his son was placed at school, 
and commenced a course of study in English, 
Latin and Greek. His progress was rapid, and 
at the age of fourteen he entered Dickinson Col- 
lege, at Carlisle. Here he developed remarkable 
talent, and took his stand among the first scholars 
in the institution. 

In the year 1809, he graduated with the high- 
est honors of his class. He was then eighteen 
years of age; tall and graceful, vigorous in health, 
fond of athletic sports, an unerring shot, and en- 
livened with an exuberant flow of animal spirits. 
He immediately commenced the study of law in 
the city of Lancaster, and was admitted to the 
Bar in 1 8 1 2 , when he was but twentj-one years 
of age. 

In 1S20, he reluctantly consented to run as a 
candidate for Congress. He was elected, and for 
ten years he remained a member of the Lower 
House. During the vacations of Congress, he 

occa.-:ionally tried some important case. In 1831 
he retired altogether from the toils of his profes- 
sion, having acquired an ample fortune. 

Gen. Jackson, upon his elevation to the Presi- 
dency, appointed Mr. Buchanan Minister to Rus- 
sia. The duties of his mi.ssion he performed 
with ability, and gave satisfaction to all parties. 
Upon his return, in 1833, he was elected to a seat 
in the United States Senate. He there met as 
his associates Webster, Clay, Wright and Cal- 
houn. He advocated the measures proposed by 
President Jack.son, of making reprisals against 
France to enforce the payment of our claims 
against that country, and defended the course of 
the President in his unprecedented and wholesale 
removal from oflSce of those who were not the 
supporters of his administration. Upon this 
question he was brought into direct collision with 
Henry Clay. He also, with voice and vote, ad- 
vocated expunging from the journal of the Senate 
the vote of cen.sure against Gen. Jackson for re- 
moving the deposits. Earnestly he opposed the 
abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia, 
and urged the prohibition of the circulation of 
anti-slavery documents by the United States 
mails. As to petitions on the subject of slavery, 
he advocated that they should be respectfully re- 
ceived, and that the reply should be returned 
that Congress had no power to legislate upon the 
subject. " Congress, " said he, "might as well 
undertake to interfere with slaverj' under a for- 
eign government as in any of the States where it 
now exi.sts. ' ' 

Upon Mr. Polk's accession to the Presidency, 
Mr. Buchanan became vSecretary of wState, and as 
such took his share of the responsibility in the 



conduct of the Mexican War. Mr. Polk assumed 
that crossing the Nueces by the American 
troops into the disputed territory was not wrong, 
but for the Mexicans to cross the Rio Grande 
into Texas was a declaration of war. No candid 
man can read with pleasure the account of the 
course our Government pursued in that movement. 

Mr. Buchanan identified himself thoroughly 
with the party devoted to the perpetuation and 
extension of slavery, and brought all the energies 
of his mind to bear against the Wilmot Proviso. 
He gave his cordial approval to the compromise 
measures of 1850, which included the Fugitive 
Slave Law. Mr. Pierce, upon his election to the 
Presidency, honored Mr. Buchanan with the mis- 
sion to England. 

In the year 1856, a national Democratic Con- 
vention nominated Mr. Buchanan for the Presi- 
dency. The political conflict was one of the most 
severe in which our country has ever engaged. 
All the friends of slavery were on one side; all 
the advocates of its restriction and final abolition 
on the other. Mr. Fremont, the candidate of the 
enemies of slavery, received one hundred and 
fourteen electoral votes. Mr. Buchanan received 
one hundred and seventy-four, and was elected. 
The popular vote stood 1,340,618 for Fremont, 
1,224,750 for Buchanan. On March 4, 1857, 
the latter was inaugurated. 

Mr. Buchanan was far advanced in life. Only 
four years were wanting to fill up his three-score 
years and ten. His own friends, those with 
whom he had been allied in political principles 
and action for years, were seeking the destruc- 
tion of the Government, that they might rear 
upon the ruins of our free institutions a nation 
whose corner-stone .should be human slavery. In 
tl:is emergency, Mr. Buchanan was hopelessly 
bewildered. He could not, with his long-avowed 
principles, consistently oppose the State Rights 
party in their assumptions. As President of the 
United States, bound by his oath faithfully to 
administer the laws, he could not, without per- 
jury of the grossest kind, unite with those en- 
deavoring to overthrow the Republic. He there- 
fore did nothing. 

The opponents of Mr. Buchanan's administra- 

tion nominated Abraham Lincoln as their stand- 
ard-bearer in the next Presidential canvass. 
The pro-slavery party declared that if he were 
elected and the control of the Go\ernment were 
thus taken from their hands, they would secede 
from the Union, taking with them as they retired 
the National Capitol at Washington and the 
lion's share of the territory of the United States. 

As the storm increased in violence, the slave- 
holders claiming the right to secede, and Mr. 
Buchanan avowing that had no power 
to prevent it, one of the most pitiable exhibitions 
of governmental imbecility was exhibited that the 
world has ever seen. He declared that Congress 
had no power to enforce its laws in any State 
which had withdrawn, or which was attempting 
to withdraw, from the Union. This was not the 
doctrine of Andrew Jackson, when, with his hand 
upon his sword-hilt, he exclaimed: "The Union 
must and shall be preserved!" 

South Carolina .seceded in December, i860, 
nearly three months before the inauguration of 
President Lincoln. Mr. Buchanan looked on in 
listless despair. The rebel flag was raised in 
Charleston; Ft. Sumter was besieged; our forts, 
navy-yards and arsenals were seized; our depots 
of military stores were plundered, and our cus- 
tom-houses and post-oflices were appropriated by 
the reliels. 

The energ}- of the rebels and the imbecilitj- of 
our Executive were alike marvelous. The na- 
tion looked on in agony, waiting for the slow 
weeks to glide awa}- and close the administration, 
so terrible in its weakness. At length the long- 
looked-for hour of deliverance came, when Abra- 
ham Lincoln was to receive the scepter. 

The administration of President Buchanan was 
certainly the most calamitous our country has ex- 
perienced. His best friends can not recall it with 
pleasure. And still more deplorable it is for his 
fame, that in that dreadful conflict which rolled 
its billows of flame and blood over our whole 
land, no word came from his lips to indicate his 
wish that our couutrj-'s banner should triumph 
over the flag of the Rebellion. He died at his 
Wheatland retreat, June i, 1S6S. 

/-t/T — 

c^~^ j^yv^t^^ 



61 BRAHAM LINCOLN, the sixteenth Presi- 
LA dent of the United States, was born in Hardin 
I I County, Ky., February- 12, 1809. About 
the year 1 7 So. a man by the name of Abraham 
Lincohi left \'irginia with his family and moved 
into the then wilds of Kentucky. Only two years 
after this emigration, and while .still a young man. 
he was working one daj^ in a field, when an Indian 
stealthily approached and killed him. His widow 
was left in extreme poverty with five little chil- 
dren, three boj-s and two girls. Thomas, the 
3-oungest of the boys, and the father of President 
Abraham Lincoln, was four years of age at his 
father's death. 

When twenty-eight years old, Thomas Lincoln 
built a log cabin, and married Nancy Hanks, the 
daughter of another family of poor Ktntuckj- 
emigrants, who had also come from Virginia. 
Their second child was Abraham Lincoln, the sub- 
ject of this sketch. The mother of Abraham was 
a noble woman, gentle, loving, pensive, created 
to adorn a palace, but doomed to toil and pine, and 
die in a hovel. " All that I am, or hope to be,'' 
exclaimed the gratefiil son, " I owe to lay angel- 
mother." When he was eight j-ears ot age, his 
father sold his cabin and small farm and moved 
to Indiana, where two years later his mother died. 

As the j-ears rolled on, the lot of this lowly 
family was the usual lot of humanity. There 
were joys and griefs, weddings and funerals. 
Abraham's si.ster Sarah, to whom he was tenderly 
attached, was married when a child of but four- 
teen years of age, and soon died. The family 
was graduallj- scattered, and Thomas Lincoln 
.sold out his .squatter's claim in 1S30, and emi- 
grated to Macon County, 111. 

Abraham Lincoln was then twentN'-one years 
of age. With vigorous hands he aided his father 
in rearing another log cabin, and worked quite 
diligently at this until he saw the family com- 
fortably settled, and their small lot of enclosed 
prairie planted with corn, when he announced to 

his father his intention to leave home, and to gc 
out into the world and seek his fortune. Littk 
did he or his friends imagine how brilliant that 

. fortune was to be. He saw the value of educa- 
tion and was intenselj^ earnest to improve his 
mind to the utmost of his power. Religion he 
revered. His morals were pure, and he was un- 
contaminated by a single vice. 

Young Abraham worked for a time as a hired 
laborer among the farmers. Then he went to 
Springfield, where he was employed in building 
a large flat-boat. In this he took a herd of swine, 
floated them down the Sangamon to Illinois, and 
thence by the Mississippi to New Orleans. What- 
ever Abraham Lincoln undertook, he performed 
so faithfull3' as to give great satisfaction to his 
employers. In this adventure the latter were 
so well pleased, that upon his return they placed 
a store and mill under his care. 

In 1832, at the outbreak of the Black Hawk 
War, he enlisted and was chosen Captain of a 
company. He returned to Sangamon County, 
and, although onh- twenty-three jearsof age, was 
a candidate for the Legislature, but was defeated. 
He soon after recei\-ed from Andrew Jackson the 
appointment of Postmaster of New Salem. His 
only post-office was his hat. All the letters he 
received he carried there, read}- to deliver to those 
he chanced to meet. He studied surveying, and 
.soon made this his business. In 1834 he again 
became a candidate for the Legislature and was 
elected. Mr. Stuart, of Springfield, advi.sed him 
to study law. He walked from New Salem to 
Springfield, borrowed of Mr. Stuart a load oi 
books, carried them back, and began his legal 
.studies. When the Legislature assembled, he 
trudged on foot with his pack on his back one 
hundred miles to Vandalia, then the capital. In 
1836 he was re-elected to the Legislature. Here 
it was he first met Stephen A. Douglas. In 1839 
he removed to Springfield and began the practice 

' of law. His success with the jur\- was so great 



that he was soon engaged in almost everj' noted 
case in the circuit. 

In 1854 the great discussion began between Mr. 
Lincohi and Mr. Douglas on the slavery ques- 
tion. In the organization of the Republican party 
in Illinois, in 1S56, he took an active part, and at 
once became one of the leaders in that party. 
Mr. Lincoln's speeches in opposition to Senator 
Douglas in the contest in 1S58 for a seat in the 
Senate, fonn a most notable part of his history. 
The isstie was on the slavery- question, and he 
took the broad ground of the Declaration of In- 
dependence, that all men are created equal. Mr. 
Lincoln was defeated in this contest, but won a 
far higher prize. 

The great Republican Convention met at Chi- 
cago on the i6tli of June, i860. The delegates 
and strangers who crowded the city amounted to 
twenty-five thousand. An immense building 
called "The Wigwam," was reared to accommo- 
date the convention. There were eleven candi- 
dates for whom votes were thrown. William H. 
Seward, a man whose fame as a statesman had 
long filled the land, was the most prominent. It 
was generally supposed he would be the nomi- 
nee. Abraham Lincoln, however, received the 
nomination on the third ballot. 

Election day came, and Mr. Lincoln received 
one hundred and eighty electoral votes out of two 
hundred and three cast, and was, therefore, con- 
stitutionally elected President of the LTnited States. 
The tirade of abuse that was poured upon this 
good and merciful man, especiall}' by the slave- 
holders, was greater than upon anj- other man 
ever elected to this high position. In February-, 
i86i, Mr. Lincoln .started for Washington, stop- 
ping in all the large cities on his waj-, making 
speeches. The whole journey was fraught with 
much danger. Manj' of the Southern States had 
already seceded, and several attempts at assassi- 
nation were afterward brought to light. A gang 
in Baltimore had arranged upon his arrival to 
"get up a row," and in the confusion to make 
sure of his death with revohers and hand-gren- 
ades. A detective unra\'elled the plot. A secret 
and .special train was pro\ided to take him from 
Harrisburg, through Baltimore, at an unexpected 

hour of the night. The tram started at half- past 
ten, and to prevent anj-^ possible communication 
on the part of the Secessionists with their Con- 
federate gang in Baltimore, as soon as the train 
had started the telegraph-wires were cut. Mr. 
Lincoln reached Washington in safety and was 
inaugurated, althotigh great anxiety was felt by 
all loyal people. 

In the selection of his cabinet Mr. Lincoln gave 
to Mr. Seward the Department of State, and to 
other prominent opponents before the convention 
he gave important positions; but during no other 
administration had the duties devolving upon the 
President been so manifold, and the responsibilities 
.so great, as those which fell to his lot. Knowing 
this, and feeling his own weakness and inability 
to meet, and in his own strength to cope with, 
the difficulties, he learned early to seek Divine 
wisdom and guidance in determining his plans, 
and Divine comfort in all his trials, both personal 
and national. Contrary to his own estimate of 
himself, Mr. Lincoln was one of the most cour- 
ageous of men. He went directly into the rebel 
capital just as the retreating foe was leaving, with 
no guard but a few sailors. From the time he 
had left Springfield, in 1861, however, plans had 
been made for his assassination, and he at last 
fell a victim to one of them. April 14, 1865, he, 
with Gen. Grant, was urgently invited to attend 
Ford's Theatre. It was announced that they 
would be present. Gen. Grant, however, left the 
city. President Lincoln, feeling, with his char- 
acteristic kindliness of heart, that it would be a 
disappointment if he should fail them, very re- 
luctantly consented to go. While listening to 
the play, an actor by the name of John Wilkes 
Booth entered the box where the President and 
famih* were .seated, and fired a bullet into his 
brain. He died the next morning at seven 

Never before in the histor\- of the world was 
a nation plunged into such deep grief by the death 
of its ruler Strong men met in the streets and 
wept in speechless anguish. His was a life which 
will fitly become a model. His name as the 
Savior of his country will live with that of Wash- 
ington's, its Father. 



Gl NDREW JOHNSON, seventeenth President 

of the United States. The early life of An- 

1 I drew Johnson contains but the record of pov- 
erty, destitution and friendlessness. He was born 
December 29, 1808, in Raleigh, N. C. His par- 
ents, belonging to the class of "poor whites" 
of the South, were in such circum.stances that they 
could not confer even the slightest advantages of 
education upon their child. When Andrew was 
five years of age, his father accidentally lest his 
life, while heroically endeavoring to save a frien4 
from drowning. Until ten years of age, Andrew 
was a ragged boy about the streets, supported by 
the labor of his mother, who obtained her living 
with her own hands. 

He then, having never attended a school one 
day, and being unable either to read or write, was 
apprenticed to a tailor in his native town. A gen- 
tleman was in the habit of going to the tailor's 
shop occasionally, and reading to the boys at 
work there. He often read from the speeches of 
distinguished British statesmen. Andrew, who 
was endowed with a mind of more than ordinarj- 
ability, became much interested in these speeches; 
his ambition was roused, and he was inspired with 
a strong desire to learn to read. 

He accordingly applied himself to the alphabet, 
and with the assistance of some of his fellow- 
workmen learned his letters. He then called upon 
the gentleman to borrow the book of speeches. 
The owner, pleased with his zeal, not only gave 
him the book, but assisted him in learning to com- 
bine the letters into words. Under such difficul- 
ties he pressed onward laboriously, spending usu- 
ally ten or twelve hours at work in the shop, and 
then robbing himself of rest and recreation to de- 
vote such time as he could to reading. 

He went to Tennessee in 1826, and located at 

Greenville, where he married a young lady who 
possessed some education. Under her instructions 
he learned to write and cipher. He became 
prominent in the village debating society, and a 
favorite with the students of Greenville College. 
In 1828, he organized a working man's party, 
which elected him Alderman, and in 1830 elected 
him Mayor, which position he held three years. 

He now began to take a lively interest in 
political affairs, identifying himself with the work- 
ing-class, to which he belonged. In 1835, he 
was elected a member of the House of Represent- 
atives of Tennessee. He was then just twenty- 
seven years of age. He became a very active 
member of the Legislature, gave his support to 
the Democratic party, and in 1840 "stumped the 
State," advocating Martin Van Buren's claims to 
the Presidency, in opposition to those of Gen. 
Harrison. In this campaign he acquired much 
readiness as a speaker, and extended and increased 
his reputation. 

In 1841, he was elected State Senator; in 1843, 
he was elected a Member of Congress, and by suc- 
ce.ssive elections held that important post for ten 
years. In 1853, he was elected Governor of Tenn- 
essee, and was re-elected in 1855. In all these 
respon.sible positions, he discharged his duties 
with distinguished ability, and proved himself the 
warm friend of the working classes. In 1857, Mr. 
Johnson was elected United States Senator. 

Years before, in 1845, he had warmly adv-ocated 
the annexation of Texas, stating, however, as his 
reason, that he thought this annexation would 
probably prove ' 'to be the gateway out of which 
the sable sons of Africa are to pass from bondage 
to freedom, and become merged in a population 
congenial to themselves." In 1850, he also sup- 
ported the compromise measures, the two essen- 


tial features of which vver^, that the white people 
of the Territories should be permitted to decide 
for themselves whether they would enslave the 
colored people or not, and that the free States of 
the North should return to the South persons who 
attempted to escape from slavery. 

Mr. Johnson was never ashamed of his lowly 
origin: on the contrary, he often took pride in 
avowing that he owed his distinction to his own 
exertions. "Sir," said he on the floor of the 
Senate, "I do not forget that I am a mechanic; 
neither do I forget that Adam was a tailor and 
sewed fig-leaves, and that our Savior was the son 
of a carpenter. ' ' 

In the Charleston-Baltimore convention of i860, 
he was the choice of the Tennessee Democrats for 
the Presidency. In 1861, when the purpose of 
the Southern Democracj' became apparent, he took 
a decided stand in favor of the Union, and held 
that "slaverjf must be held subordinate to the 
Union at whatever cost. ' ' He returned to Tenn- 
essee, and repeatedly imperiled his own life to 
protect the Unionists of that State. Tennessee 
having seceded from the Union, President Lincoln, 
on March 4, 1862, appointed him Military Gov- 
ernor of the State, and he established the most 
stringent militar\- rule. His numerous proclama- 
tions attracted wide attention. In 1864, he was 
elected Vice-President of the United States, and 
upon the death of Mr. lyincoln, April 15, 1865, 
became President. In a speech two days later he 
said, "The American people must be taught, if 
they do not already feel, that treason is a crime 
and must be punished; that the Government will 
not always bear with its enemies; that it is strong 
not only to protect, but to punish. * * The 
people must understand that it (treason) is the 
blackest of crimes, and will surely be punished." 
Yet his whole administration, the historj' of which 
is so well known, was in utter inconsistenc}' with, 
and in the most violent opposition to, the princi- 
ples laid down in that speech. 

In his loose policy of reconstruction and general 
amnesty, he was opposed by Congress, and he 
characterized Congress as a new rebellion, and 
lawlessly defied it in everj^thing pos.sible to the ut- 
most. In the beginning of 1868, on account of 

"High crimes and misdemeanors," the principal 
of which was the removal of Secretary Stanton in 
violation of the Tenure of Office Act, articles of 
impeachment were preferred against him, and the 
trial began March 23. 

It was very tedious, continuing for nearly three 
months. A test article of the impeachment was 
at length submitted to the court for its action. It 
was certain that as the court voted upon that ar- 
ticle so would it vote upon all . Thirty-four voices 
pronounced the President guiltj-. As a two-thirds 
vote was necessary to his condenniation, he was 
pronounced acquitted, notwithstanding the great 
majorit}' against him. The change of one vote 
from the not guilty side would have sustained the 

The President, for the remainder of his term, 
was but little regarded. He continued, though 
impotently, his conflict with Congress. His own 
party did not think it expedient to renominate 
him for the Presidency. The Nation rallied with 
enthusiasm, unparalleled since the days of Wash- 
ington, around the name of Gen. Grant. Andrew 
Johnson was forgotten. The bullet of the assassin 
introduced him to the President's chair. Not- 
withstanding this, never was there presented to a 
man a better opportunitj- to immortalize his name, 
and to win the gratitude of a nation. He failed 
utterly. He retired to his home in Greenville, 
Tenn. , taking no very active part in politics until 
1875. On January 26, after an exciting struggle, 
he was chosen by the Legislature of Tennessee 
United States Senator in the Forty-fourth Congess, 
and took his seat in that body, at the special ses- 
sion convened by President Grant, on the 5th of 
March. On the 27th of July, 1875, the ex-Presi- 
dent made a visit to his daughter's home, near 
Carter Station, Tenn. When he started on his 
journey, he was apparently in his usual vigorou.s; 
health, but on reaching the residence of his child 
the following daj-, he was stricken with parah-.sis, 
which rendered him unconscious. He rallied oc- 
casionally, but finally pas.sed away at 2 a. m., 
July 31, aged sixt^'-seven jears. His funeral was 
held at Greenville, on the 3d of August, with 
every demonstration of respect. 



yLYSSES S. GRANT, the eighteenth Presi- 
dent of the United States, was born on the 
29th of April, 1822, of Christian parents, in 
a humble home at Point Pleasant, on the banks 
of the Ohio. Shortly after, his father moved to 
Georgetown, Brown County, Ohio. In this re- 
mote frontier hamlet, Ulysses received a common- 
.school education. At the age of seventeen, in 
the year 1839, he entered the Military Academy 
at West Point. Here he was regarded as a solid, 
sensible young man, of fair abilitj-, and of sturdy, 
honest character. He took respectable rank as a 
.scholar. In June, 1843, he graduated about the 
middle in his class, and was sent as Lieutenant of 
Infantn,- to one of the distant militar>- po.sts in the 
Missouri Territory. Two years he passed in these 
drearj' .solitudes, watching the vagabond Indians. 

The war with Mexico came. Lieut. Grant was 
.sent with his regiment to Corpus Christi. His 
first battle was at Palo Alto. There was no 
chance here for the exhibition of either skill or 
heroism, nor at Resaca de la Palma, his second 
battle. At the battle of Monterey, his third en- 
gagement, it is said that he performed a signal 
ser\'ice of daring and skillful horsemanship. 

At the close of the Mexican War, Capt. Grant 
returned with his regiment to New York, an 1 
was again sent to one of the militarj- posts on the 
frontier. The di.scovery of gold in California 
causing an tide of emigration to flow to 
the Pacific shores, Capt. Grant was sent with a 
battalion to Ft. Dallas, in Oregon, for the protec- 
tion of the interests of the immigrants. But life 
was wearisome in those wilds, and he resigned 
his commission and returned to the States. Hav- 
ing married, he entered upon the cultivation of a 
small farm near St. Louis, Mo., but having little 

skill as a farmer, and finding his toil not re- 
munerative, he turned to mercantile life, entering 
into the leather business, with a younger brother 
at Galena, 111. This was in the year i860. As 
the tidings of the rebels firing on Ft. Sumter 
reached the ears of Capt. Grant in his counting- 
room, he said: "Uncle Sam has educated me 
for the army; though I have served him through 
oile war, I do not feel that I have j-et repaid the 
debt. I am still read}' to discharge my obliga- 
tions. I shall therefore buckle on my sword and 
see Uncle Sam through this war too. ' ' 

He went into the streets, raised a company of 
volunteers, and led them as their Captain to 
Springfield, the capital of the State, where their 
sen-ices were offered to Gov. Yates. The Gov- 
ernor, impressed by the zeal and straightforward 
executive ability of Capt. Grant, gave him a desk 
in his office to assist in the volunteer organiza- 
tion that was being formed in the State in behalf 
of the Government. On the r 5th of June, 1861, 
Capt. Grant received a commission as Colonel of 
the Twenty-first Regiment of Illinois Volunteers. 
His merits as a West Point graduate, who had 
served for fifteen years in the regular army, were 
such that he was soon promoted to the rank of 
Brigadier-General, and was placed in command at 
Cairo. The rebels rai.sed their banner at Padu- 
cali, near the mouth of the Tennessee River. 
Scarcely had its folds appeared in the breeze ere 
Gen. Grant was there. The rebels fled, their 
banner fell, and the Stars and Stripes were un- 
furled in its stead. 

He entered the ser\'ice with great determina- 
tion and iramediatelj- began active duty. This 
was the beginning, and until the surrender of 
Lee at Richmond he was ever pushing the enemy 



with great vigor and effectiveness. At Belmont, 
a few daj-s later, he surprised and routed the 
rebels, then at Ft. Henry won another victory. 
Then came the brilliant fight at Ft. Donelson. 
The nation was electrified by the victory, and the 
brave leader of the boys in blue was immediately 
made a Major-General, and the military district 
of Tennessee was assigned to him. 

Like all great captains, Gen. Grant knew well 
how to secure the results of victor^'. He imme- 
diately pushed on to the enemies' lines. Then 
came the terrible battles of Pittsburg Landing, 
Corinth, and the siege of Vicksburg, where Gen. 
Pemberton made an unconditional surrender of 
the city with over thirty thousand men and one 
hundred and seventj^-two cannon. The fall of 
\'icksburg was by far the most severe blow which 
the rebels had thus far encountered, and opened 
up the Mississippi from Cairo to the Gulf. 

Gen. Grant was next ordered to co-operate with 
Gen. Banks in a movement upon Texas, and pro- 
ceeded to New Orleans, where he was thrown 
from his horse, and received severe'injuries, from 
which he was laid up for months. He then 
rushed to the aid of Gens. Rosecrans and Thomas 
at Chattanooga, and bj' a wonderful series of 
strategic and technical measures put the Union 
army in fighting condition. Then followed the 
bloody battles at Chattanooga, Lookout Moun- 
tain and Missionary- Ridge, in which the rebels 
were routed with great loss. This won for him 
unbounded praise in the North. On the 4th of 
Februarj-, 1S64, Congress revived the grade of 
lieutenant-general, and the rank was conferred 
on Gen. Grant. He repaired to Washington to 
receive his credentials and enter upon the duties 
of his new office. 

Gen. Grant decided as soon as he took charge 
of the army to concentrate the widely-dispersed 
National troops for an attack upon Richmond, 
the nominal capital of the rebellion, and endeavor 
there to destroj- the rebel armies which would be 
prompth- assembled from all quarters for its de- 
fense. The whole continent seemed to tremble 
imder the tramp of these majestic armies, rushing 
to the decisive battle-field. Steamers were crowd- 
ed with troops. Railway trains were burdened 

with closely-packed thousands. His plans were 
comprehensive, and involved a series of cam- 
paigns, which were executed with remarkable 
energy and ability, and were consummated at the 
surrender of Lee, April 9, 1865. 

The war was ended. The Union was saved. 
The almost unanimous voice of the nation de- 
clared Gen. Grant to be the most prominent in- 
.strimient in its salvation. The eminent services 
he had thus rendered the country brought him 
conspicuouslj^ forward as the Republican candi- 
date for the Presidential chair. 

At the Republican Convention held at Chicago, 
May 21, 1868, he was unanimouslj- nominated 
for the Presidency-, and at the autunm election 
received a majoritj- of the popular vote, and two 
hundred and fourteen out of two hundred and 
ninety-four electoral votes. 

The National Convention of the Republican 
party, which met at Philadelphia on the 5th 01 
June, 1872, placed Gen. Grant in nomination for 
a second term by a unanimous vote. The selec- 
tion was emphaticalh- indorsed bj- the people five 
months later, two hundred and ninety-two elect- 
oral votes being cast for him. 

Soon after the close of his second term. Gen. 
Grant started upon his famous trip around the 
world. He visited almost everj- country of the 
civilized world, and was ever\-w-here received 
with such ovations and demonstrations of respect 
and honor, private as well as public and official, 
as were never before bestowed upon any citizen 
of the United States. 

He was the most prominent candidate before 
the Republican National Convention in 1880 for 
a renomination for President. He went to New 
York and embarked in the brokerage business 
under the firm name of Grant & Ward. The 
latter proved a villain, wrecked Grant's fortune, 
and for larceny was sent to the 'penitentiary'. 
The General was attacked with cancer in the 
throat, but suffered in his stoic-like manner, never 
complaining. He was re-instated as General of 
the Army, and retired by Congress. The cancer 
soon finished its deadly work, and July 23, 1885, 
the nation went in mourning over the death 01 
the illustrious General. 

O oU_6^JV' 


RUTHERFORD B. HAYES, the nineteenth ' 
President of the United States, was born in 
Delaware, Ohio, October 4, 1822, almost 
three months after the death of his father, Ruther- 
ford Haj-es. His ancestrj- on both the paternal and 
maternal sides was of the most honorable char- 
acter. It can be traced, it is said, as far back as 
1280, when Hayes and Rutherford were two 
Scottish chieftains, fighting side b}' side with 
Baliol, William Wallace and Robert Bruce. Both 
families belonged to the nobility, owned extensive 
estates, and had a large following. Misfortune 
overtaking the family, George Hayes left Scotland 
in 1680, and settled in Windsor, Conn. His son 
George was born in Windsor, and remained there 
during his life. Daniel Ha^-es, son of the latter, 
married Sarah Lee, and lived from the time of 
his marriage until his death in Simsburj', Conn. 
Ezekiel, son of Daniel, was born in 1724, and was 
a manufacturer of scythes at Bradford, Conn. 
Rutherford Hayes, son of Ezekiel and grandfather 
of President Hayes, was born in New Haven, in 
August, 1756. He was a farmer, blacksmith and 
tavern-keeper. He emigrated to Vermont at an 
unknown date, settling in Brattleboro, where he 
established a hotel. Here his son, Rutherford 
Haj'es, the father of President Haj'es, was born. 
He was married, in September, 1S13, to Sophia 
Birchard, of Wilmington, Vt., whose ancestors 
emigrated thither from Connecticut, they having 
been among the wealthiest and best families of 
Norwich. Her ancestn,- on the male side is 
traced back to 1635, to John Birchard, one of the 
principal founders of Norwich. Both of her grand- 
fathers were soldiers in the Revolutionary- War. 

The father of President Hayes was an industri- 
ous, frugal, yet open-hearted man. Jle was of a 

mechanical turn of mind, and could mend a plow, 
knit a stocking, or do almost anything else that 
he chose to undertake. He was a member of the 
church, active in all the benevolent enterprises 
of the town, and conducted his business on Chris- 
tian principles. After the close of the War of 
1812, for reasons inexplicable to his neighbors, he 
resolved to emigrate to Ohio. 

The journey from Vennont to Ohio in that daj', 
when there were no canals, steamers, or rail- 
ways, was a verj' serious affair. A tour of in- 
spection was first made, occupying four months. 
Mr. Hayes decided to move to Delaware, where 
the family arrived in 181 7. He died July 22, 
1822, a victim of malarial fever, less than three 
months before the birth of the son of whom we 
write. Mrs. Hayes, in her sore bereavement, 
found the support she so much needed in her 
brother Sardis, who had been a member of the 
household from the day of its departure from 
Vermont, and in an orphan girl, whom she had 
adopted some time before as an act of charity. 

Rutherford was seven )-ears old before he went 
to school. His education, however, was not neg- 
lected. He probably learned as much from his 
mother and sister as he would have done at 
school. His sports were almost wholly within 
doors, his playmates being his sister and her asso- 
ciates. circumstances tended, no doubt, to 
foster that gentleness of disposition and that del- 
icate consideration for the feelings of others which 
were marked traits of his character. 

His uncle, Sardis Birchard, took the deepest 
interest in his education; and as the boy's health 
had improved, and he was making good progress 
in his studies, he proposed to send him to college. 
His preparation commenced with a tutor at home; 



but he was afterwards sent for one j-ear to a pro- 
fessor in the Wesleyan Uin\-ersity in Middletown, 
Conn. He entered Kenyo.n College in 1838, at 
the age of sixteen, and was graduated at the head 
of his class in 1842. 

Immediately after his graduation he began the 
study of law in the ofiBce of Thomas Sparrow, 
Esq., in Columbus. Finding his opportunities 
for study in Columbus somewhat limited, he de- 
termined to enter the Law School at Cambridge, 
Mass., where he remained two jears. 

In 1S45, after graduating at the L,aw School, he 
was admitted to the Bar at Marietta, Ohio, and 
shortlj- after^vard went into practice as an at- 
torney-at-law with Ralph P. Buckland, of Fre- 
mont. Here he remained three jears, acquiring 
but a limited practice, and apparentl}- unambitious 
of distinction in his profession. 

In 1S49 he moved to Cincinnati, where his am- 
bition found a new stimulus. For several years, 
however, his progress was slow. Two events 
occurring at this period had a powerful influence 
upon his subsequent life. One of these was his 
marriage witli Miss Lucy Ware Webb, daughter 
of Dr. James Webb, of Chillicothe; the other was 
his introduction to the Cincinnati Literarj' Club, 
a body embracing among its members such men 
as Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase, Gen. John 
Pope, Gov. Edward F. Noj-es, and manj' others 
hardlj' less distinguished in after life. The mar- 
riage was a fortunate one in every respect, as 
ever\-body knows. Not one of all the wives of 
our Presidents was more universalh- admired, 
reverenced and beloved than was Mrs. Hayes, and 
no one did more than she to reflect honor upon 
American womanhood. The Literarj-Club brought 
Mr. Hayes into constant association with young 
men of high character and noble aims, and lured 
him to display the qualities so long hidden by his 
bashfulness and modestj-. 

In 1856 he was nominated to the office of Judge 
of the Court of Common Pleas, but he decliiied to 
accept the nomination. Two j'ears later, the of- 
fice of Cit}- Solicitor becoming vacant, the City 
Council elected him for the unexpired term. 

In 1861, when the Rebellion broke out, he was 
at the zenith of his professional life. His rank at 

the Bar was among the first. But the news of 
the attack on Ft. Sumter found him eager to 
take up arms for the defense of his countr\-. 

His militan,- record was bright and illustrious. 
In October, 1861, he was made Lieu tenant- Colo- 
nel, and in August, 1862, promoted Colonel of 
the Sevent3'-ninth Ohio Regiment, but he refused 
to leave his old comrades and go among strangers. 
Subsequently, however, he was made Colonel of 
his old regiment. At the battle of South Moun- 
tain he received a wound, and while faint and 
bleeding displayed courage and fortitude that 
won admiration from all. 

Col. Hayes was detached from his regiment, 
after his recoverj-, to act as Brigadier-General, 
and placed in command of the celebrated Kanawha 
division, and for gallant and meritorious ser\-ices 
in the battles of Winchester, Fisher's HiU and 
Cedar Creek, he was promoted Brigadier-General. 
He was also breveted Major- General, "for gallant 
and distinguished ser\-ices during the campaigns 
of 1864, in West Virginia." In the course of his 
arduous ser\nces, four horses were shot from un- 
der him, and he was wounded four times. 

In 1864, Gen. Hayes was elected to Congress 
from the Second Ohio District, which had long 
been Democratic. He was not present during the 
campaign, and after the election was importuned 
to resign his commission in the army; but he fi- 
nally declared, " I shall never come to Washing- 
ton until I can come by way of Richmond." He 
was re-elected in 1866. 

In 1S67, Gen. Haj-es was elected Governor of 
Ohio, over Hon. Allen G. Thurman, a popular 
Democrat, and in 1869 was re-elected over George 
H. Pendleton. He w-as elected Governor for the 
third term in 1875. 

In 1876 he was the standard-bearer of the Re- 
publican party in the Presidential contest, and 
after a hard, long contest was chosen President, 
and was inaugurated Monday, March 5, 1877. 
He served his full term, not, however, with satis- 
faction to his party, but his administration was an 
average one. The remaining years of his life 
were passed quietly in his Ohio home, where he 
passed away January 17, 1893. 

^ L-K^^ 


(f AMES A. GARFIELD, twentieth President 
I of the United States, was born Xovember ly, 
C2/ 1831, in the woods of Orange, Cuyahoga 
County, Ohio. His parents were Abram and 
Eliza (Ballouj Garfield, both of New England 
ancestry, and from families well known in the 
early history of that section of our countrj-, but I 
who had moved to the Western Reser\'e, in Ohio, 
early in its settlement. 1 

The house in which James A. was born was 
not unlike the houses of poor Ohio fanners of 
that da}'. It was about 20 x 30 feet, built of logs, 1 
with the spaces between the logs filled with clay. 
His father was a hard-working farmer, and he 
soon had his fields cleared, an orchard planted, 
and a log barn built. The household compri.sed 
the father and mother and their four children, 
Mehetabel, Thomas, Marj- and James. In Ma}-, 
1823, the father died from a cold contracted in 
helping to put out a forest fire. At this time 
James was about eighteen months old, and j 
Thomas about ten years old. No one, perhaps, 
can tell how much James was indebted to liis I 
brother's toil and self-sacrifice during the twenty 
years succeeding his father's death. He now 
lives in Michigan, and the two sisters live in Solon, 1 
Ohio, near their birthplace. 

The early educational advantages young Gar- 
field enjojed were very limited, yet he made the 
most of them. He labored at farm work for 
others, did carpenter work, chopped wood, or did ; 
anything that would bring in a few dollars to aid ! 
his widowed mother in her struggles to keep the 
little family together. Nor was Gen. Garfield 
ever ashamed of his origin, and he never forgot 
the friends of his struggling childhood, youth and 
manhood; neither did they ever forget him. 
When in the highest seats of honor, the humblest 
friend of his boyhood was as kindly greeted as 
ever. The poorest laborer was sure of the sym- 
pathy of one who had known all the bitterness of I 

want and the sweetness of bread earned by the 
sweat of the brow. He was ever the simple, 
plain, modest gentleman. . 

The highest ambition of young Garfield until 
he was about sixteen years old was to be cap- 
tain of a vessel on Lake Erie. He was anxious 
to go aboard a vessel, but this his mother strongly 
opposed. She finally consented to his going to 
Cleveland, with the understanding, however, that 
he should try to obtain some other kind of em- 
ployment. He walked all the way to Cleveland. 
This was his first visit to the city. After making 
many applications for work, and trying to get 
aboard a lake vessel and not meeting with suc- 
cess, he engaged as a driver for his cousin, Amos 
Letcher, on the Ohio & Pennsylvania Canal. 
He remained at this work but a short time, when 
he went home, and attended the seminary at 
Chester for about three years. He then entered 
Hiram and the Eclectic Institute, teaching a few 
terms of school in the mean time, and doing other 
work. This school was started by the Disciples 
of Christ in 1850, of which body he was then a 
member. He became janitor and bell-ringer in 
order to help pay his way. He then became both 
teacher and pupil. Soon " exhausting Hiram," 
and needing a higher education, in the fall of 1854 
he entered Williams College, from which he grad- 
uated in 1856, taking one of the highest honors of 
his class. He afterwards returned to Hiram Col- 
lege as its President. As above stated, he early 
united with the Christian, or Disciples, Church at 
Hiram, and was ever after a devoted, zealous 
member, often preaching in its pulpit and places 
where he happened to be. 

Mr. Garfield was united in marriage, Novem- 
ber II, 1858, with Miss Lucretia Rudolph, who 
proved herself worthy as the wife of one whom 
all the world loved. To them were bom seven 
children, five of whom are still living, four boys 
and one girl. 



Mr. Garfield made his first political speeches in 
1856, in Hiram and the neighboring villages, and 
three 5-ears later he began to speak at county 
mass-meetings, and became the favorite speaker 
where\-er he was. During this year he was 
elected to the Ohio Senate. He also began to 
study law at Cleveland, and in 1861 was admitted 
to the Bar. The great Rebellion broke out in the 
early part of this year, and Mr. Garfield at once 
resolved to fight as he had talked, and enlisted to 
defend the Old Flag. He received his commission 
as Lieutenant- Colonel of the Forty-second Regi- 
ment of Ohio Infantry August 14, 1861. He 
was immediately put into active ser\dce, and be- 
fore he had ever seen a gun fired in action, was 
placed in command of four regiments of infantrj' 
and eight companies of cavalry, charged with the 
work of driving out of his native State the able 
rebel officer, Humphrey Marshall, of Kentucky. 
This work was bravely and speedily accomplished, 
although against great odds, and President Lin- 
coln commissioned him Brigadier- General, Janu- 
arj- 10, 1862; and "as he had bee^ the youngest 
man in the Ohio Senate two years before, so now 
he was the 3'oungest General in the arm}-." He 
was with Gen. Buell's army at Shiloh, in its 
operations around Corinth and its march through 
Alabama. He was then detailed as a member of 
the general court martial for the trial of Gen. 
Fitz-John Porter. He was next ordered to re- 
port to Gen. Rosecrans, and was assigned to the 
" Chief of Staff. "• The militarj' historj' of Gen. 
Garfield closed with his brilliant ser\-ices at Chick- 
amauga, where he won the rank of Major-General. 

Without an effort on his part, Gen. Garfield 
was elected to Congress in the fall of 1862, from 
the Nineteenth District of Ohio. This section of 
Ohio had been represented in Congress for sixty 
years mainly by two men — Elisha Whittlesey and 
Joshua R. Giddings. It was not without a strug- 
gle that he resigned his place in the armj'. At 
the time he entered Congress he was the youngest 
member in that body. There he remained by 
successive re-elections until he was elected Presi- 
dent, in 1880. Of his labors in Congress, Senator 
Hoar says: "Since the j'ear 1864 you cannot 
think of a question which has been debated in 

Congress, or discussed before a tribunal of the 
American people, in regard to which you will not 
find, if )-ou wish instruction, the argument on 
one side stated, in almost even- instance better 
than by anybody else, in some speech made in 
the House of Representatives or on the hustings 
by Mr. Garfield." 

Upon January 14, 1880, Gen. Garfield was elect- 
ed to the United States Senate, and on the 8th of 
June, of the same year, was nominated as the 
candidate of hife party for President at the great 
Chicago Convention. He was elected in the fol- 
lowing November, and on March 4, 1881, was 
inaugurated. Probabl}^ no administration ever 
opened its existence under brighter auspices than 
that of President Garfield, and every day it grew 
in favor with the people. By the ist of July 
he had completed all the initiatory and prelimi- 
nar>' worts of his administration, and was prepar- 
ing to leave the city to meet his friends at Will- 
iams College. While on his way and at the 
depot, in company with Secretarj' Blaine, a man 
stepped behind him, drew a revolver, and fired 
directly at his back. The President tottered and 
fell, and as he did so the assassin fired a second 
shot, the bullet cutting the left coat sleeve of his 
victim, but inflicting no further injury. It has 
been verj' truthfullj' said that this was ' ' the shot 
that was heard around the world." Never before 
in the history of the nation had anj-thing occur- 
red which so nearly froze the blood of the people 
for the moment as this awful deed. He was 
smitten on the brightest, gladdest day of all his 
life, at the summit of his power and hope. For 
eight\' days, all during the hot months of July 
and August, he lingered and sufiered. He, how- 
ever, remained master of himself till the last, and 
by his magnificent bearing taught the countrs- 
and the world one of the noblest of human les- 
sons — how to live grandly in the verj- clutch of 
death. Great in life, he was surpassingly great 
in death. He passed sereneh' away September 
19, 1883, at Elberon, N. J., on the very bank of 
the ocean, where he had been taken shortly be- 
fore. The world wept at his death, as it rarely 
ever had done on the death of any other great 
and noble man. 



E HESTER A. ARTHUR, twentj'-first Presi- ! 
dent of the United States, was born in Frank- | 
lin County, Vt., on the 5th day of October, 
1S30, and was the eldest of a family of two sons ; 
and five daughters. His father was the Rev. Dr. ! 
William Arthur, a Baptist clergyman, who emi- 
grated to this country' from County Antrim, Ire- \ 
land, in his eighteenth 3'ear, and died in 1875, in 
Newtonville, near Albany, after a long and suc- 
cessful ministry. 

Young Arthur was educated at Union College, 
Schenectady, where he excelled in all his studies. 
After his graduation he taught school in Ver- 
mont for two years, and at the expiration of that 
time came to New York, with $500 in his pocket, 
and entered the ofEce of ex -Judge E. D. Culver 
as a student. After being admitted to the Bar, he 
formed a partnership with his intimate friend and 
room-mate, Henrj' D. Gardiner, with the inten- 
tion of practicing in the West, and for three 
months thej- roamed about in the Western States 
in search of an eligible site, but in the end re- 
turned to New York, where they hung out their 
shingle, and entered upon a successful career al- 
most from the start. Gen. Arthur soon after mar- 
ried the daughter of Lieut. Herndon, of the 
United States Navy, who was lost at sea. Con- 
gress voted a gold medal to his widow in recog- 
nition of the bravery he displayed on that occa- 
.sion. Mrs. Arthur died shortly before Mr. 
Arthur's nomination to the Vice-Presidency, leav- 
ing two children. 

Gen. Arthur obtained considerable legal celeb- 
rity in his first great case, the famous Lemmon 
suit, brought to recover possession of eight slaves 
who had been declared free by Judge Paine, of 
the Superior Court of New York City. It was in 

1852 that Jonathan Temmon, of Virginia, went to 
New York with his sla\-es, intencUng to ship them 
to Texas, when they were discovered and freed. 
The Judge decided that they could not be held by 
the owner under the Fugitive Slave Law. A howl 
of rage went up from the South, and the Virginia 
Legislature authorized the Attorney-General of 
that State to a.ssist in an appeal. William M. 
Evarts and Chester A. Arthur were employed to 
represent the people, and they won their case, 
which then went to the vSupreme Court of the 
United States. Charles O' Conor here espoused 
the cause of the slaveholders^ but he, too, was 
beaten by Messrs. Evarts and Arthur, and a long 
step was taken toward the emancipation of the 
black race. 

Another great ser\-ice was rendered by Gen. 
Arthur in the same cause in 1856. Lizzie Jen- 
nings, a respectable colored woman, was put off 
a Fourth Avenue car with violence after she had 
paid her fare. Gen. Arthur .sued on her behalf, 
and secured a verdict of $500 damages. The next 
day the company issued an order to admit colored 
persons to ride on their cars, and the other car 
companies quickly followed their example. Be- 
fore that the Sixth Avenue Company ran a few 
special cars for colored persons, and the other lines 
refused to let them ride at all. 

Gen. Arthur was a delegate to the convention 
at Saratoga that founded the Republican party. 
Previous to the war he was Judge-Advocate of 
the Second Brigade of the State of New York, 
and Gov. Morgan, of that State, appointed him 
Engineer-in-Chief of his staff. In 1S61, he was 
made In.spector-General, and soon afterward be- 
came Quartermaster-General. In each of these 
ofiices he rendered great service to the Govern- 


ment during the war. At the end of Gov. Mor- 
gan's term he resumed the practice of law, form- 
ing a partnership with Mr. Ransom, and then 
Mr. Phelps, the District Attorney of New York, 
was added to the firm. The legal practice of this 
well-known firm was verj' large and lucrative, 
as each of the gentlemen composing it was an able 
lawyer, and possessed a splendid local reputa- 
tion, if not, indeed, one of national extent. 

Mr. Arthur alwaj-s took a leading part in State 
and city politics. He was appointed Collector of 
the Port of New York by President Grant, No- 
vember 21, 1872, to succeed Thomas Murphy, 
and he held the office until July 20, 1878, when 
he was succeeded by Collector Merritt. 

Mr. Arthur was nominated on the Presidential 
ticket, with Gen. James A. Garfield, at the 
famous National Republican Convention held at 
Chicago in June, 1880. This was perhaps the 
greatest political convention that ever assembled 
on the continent. It was composed of the lead- 
ing politicians of the Republican party, all able 
men, and each stood firm and fought vigorouslj- 
and with signal tenacit}' for his respective can- 
didate that was before the convention for the 
nomination. Finally Gen. Garfield received the 
nomination for President, and Gen. Arthur for 
Vice-President. The campaign which followed 
was one of the most animated known in the his- 
tory of our country. Gen. Hancock, the stand- 
ard-bearer of the Democratic partj', was a popular 
man, and his party made a valiant fight for his 

Finally the election came, and the country-' s 
choice was Garfield and Arthur. They were in- 
augurated March 4, 1881, as President and Vice- 
President. A few months only had passed ere 
the newly-chosen President was the victim of the 
assassin's bullet. Then came terrible weeks of 
sufiering — those moments of anxious suspense, 
when the hearts of all civilized nations were 
throbbing in unison, longing for the recovery of 
the noble, the good President. The remarkable 
patience that he manifested during those hours 
and weeks, and even months, of the most terrible 
suffering man has ever been called upon to en- 
dure, was seemingly more than human. It was 

certainly godlike. During all this period of 
deepest anxiety Mr. Arthur's every move was 
watched, and, be it said to his credit, that his every 
action displayed onh- an earnest desire that the 
suffering Garfield might recover to ser\-e the re- 
mainder of the term he had so auspiciously be- 
gun. Not a selfish feeling was manifested in 
deed or look of this man, even though the most 
honored position in the world was at any moment 
likely to fall to him. 

At last God in his mercy relieved President 
Garfield from further suffering, and the world, as 
never before in its history over the death of any 
other man, wept at his bier. Then it became the 
duty of the Vice-President to a.ssume the respon- 
sibilities of the high office, and he took the oath 
in New York, September 20, 1881. The position 
was an embarrassing one to him, made doubly so 
from the fact that all eyes were on him, anxious 
to know what he would do, what policy he would 
pursue, and whom he would select as advisers. 
The duties of the office had been greatly neglected 
during the President's long illness, and many im- 
portant measures were to be immediately decided 
by him ; and to still further embarass him he did 
not fail to realize under what circumstances he 
became President, and knew the feelings of manj' 
on this point. Under these trying circumstances. 
President Arthur took the reins of the Govern- 
ment in his own hands, and, as embarrassing as 
was the condition of affairs, he happily surprised 
the nation, acting so wisely that but few criticized 
his administration. He ser\'ed the nation well 
and faithfully until the close of his administra- 
tion, March 4, 1885, and was a popular candidate 
before his partj- for a second term. His name 
was ably presented before the convention at Chi- 
cago, and was received with great favor, and 
doubtless but for the personal popularity of one 
of the opposing candidates, he would have been 
selected as the standard-bearer of his party for 
another campaign. He retired to private life, car- 
rying with him the best wishes of the American 
people, whom he had served in a manner satisfac- 
tory to them and with credit to himself One 
vear later he was called to his final rest. 



" /■ ' 


-^1?^-^^ c/c^^/lAyU/ 


2\ twenty-second President of the United States, 
\~/ was born in 1837. in the obscure town of 
Caldwell, Essex County, X. J., and in a little 
two-and-a-half-stor\- white house, which is still 
standing to characteristicalh- mark the humble 
birthplace of one of America's great men, in 
striking contrast with the Old World, where all 
men high in office must be high in origin and 
bom in the cradle of wealth. WTien the subject 
of this sketch was three j-ears of age, his father, 
who was a Presbyterian minister with a large 
family and a small salarj', moved, bj- wa)- of the 
Hudson River and Erie Canal, to Fayette\-ille, N. 
Y., in search of an increased income and a larger 
field of work. Fayetteville was then the most 
straggling of countrj- villages, about five miles 
from Pompey Hill, where Governor Seymour 
was bom. 

At the last-mentioned place young Grover com- 
menced going to school in the good, old-fashioned 
waj', and presumably distinguished himself after 
the manner of all village boj-s — in doing the 
things he ought not to do. Such is the dis- 
tinguishing trait of all geniuses and independent 
thinkers. When he arrived at the age of four- 
teen j-ears, he had outgrown the capacity of the 
village school, and expressed a most emphatic de- 
sire to be sent to an academj-. To this his fa- 
ther decidedlj- objected. Academies in those 
days cost money ; besides, his father wanted him 
to become self-supporting bj- the quickest pos- 
sible means, and this at that time in Fayetteville 
seemed to be a position in a countrj- store, where 
his father and the large family on his hands had 

considerable influence. Grover was to be paid 
$50 for his services the first year, and if he proved 
trustworthj' he w'as to receive $100 the second 
year. Here the lad commenced his career as 
salesman, and in two years he had earned so good 
a reputation for trustworthiness that his employ- 
ers desired to retain him for an indefinite length 
of time. 

But instead of remaining with this firm in 
Fayetteville, he went with the family in their re- 
moval to Clinton, where he had an opportunity 
of attending a High School. Here he industri- 
ouslj- pursued his studies until the familj- re- 
moved with him to a point on Black River known 
as the "Holland Patent," a village of five or six: 
hundred people, fifteen miles north of Utica, N. Y. 
At this place his father died, after preaching but 
three Sundays. This event broke up the faniilj-, 
and Grover set out for New York City tD accept, 
at a small salarj-, the position of under- teacher 
in an a.sylum for the blind. He taught faithfullj' 
for two years, and although he obtained a good 
reputation in this capacitj-, he concluded that 
teaching was not his calling in life, and, revers- 
ing the traditional order, he left the citj- to seek 
his fortune, instead of going to the citj-. He first 
thought of Cleveland, Ohio, as there was some 
charm in that name for him: but before proceed- 
ing to that place he went to BuflTalo to ask advice 
of his uncle, Lewis F. Allan, a noted stock- 
breeder of that place. The latter did not speak 
enthusiasticalh'. "What is it you want to do, 
my bo}^?" he asked. "Well, sir, I want to stud^- 
law," was the replj' "Good gracious!" remarked 
the old gentleman; "do j-ou, indeed? Whatever 



put that into your head ? How much money 
have you got?" "Well, sir, to tell the truth, I 
haven't got any." 

After a long consultation, his uncle offered him 
a place temporarily as assistant herd-keeper, at 
$50 a year, while he could look around. One 
day soon afterward he boldly walked into the of- 
fice of Rogers, Bowen & Rogers, of Buffalo, and 
told them what he wanted. A number of young 
men were already engaged in the office, but Gro- ' 
ver's persistency won, and he was finally per- 
mitted to come as an office boj' and have the use 
of the law libran,-, receiving as wages the sum of 
$3 or $4 a week. Out of this he had to pay for his 
board and wa.shing. The walk to and from his 
uncle's was a long and rugged one; and although 
the first winter was a memorably severe one, his 
shoes were out of repair, and as for his overcoat he 
had none; yet he was, nevertheless, prompt and 
regular. On the first day of his service there, his 
senior emplojer threw down a copy of Black- 
stone before him, with a bang that made the dust 
fly, saying "That's where they all begin." A 
titter ran around the little circle of clerks and 
students, as they thought that was enough to 
.scare young Grover out of his plans; but in due 
time he mastered that cumbersome volume. 
Then, as ever afterward, however, Mr. Cleve- 
land exhibited a talent for executiveness rather 
than for chasing principles through all their 
metaphysical possibilities. "Let us quit talking 
and go and do it, ' ' was practically his motto. 

The first public office to which Mr. Cleveland 
was elected was that of Sheriff of Erie County, 
N. Y., in which Buffalo is situated; and in such 
capacity it fell to his duty to inflict capital punish- 
ment upon two criminals. In 1881 he was 
-elected Mayor of the City of Buffalo, on the 
Democratic ticket, with especial reference to bring- 
ing about certain reforms in the administration 
of the municipal affairs of that city. In this of- 
fice, as well as in that of Sheriff, his performance 
of dutj' has generally been considered fair, witli 
possibly a few exceptions, which were ferreted 
out and magnified during his Presidential cam- 
paign. As a specimen of his plain language in 
a veto message, we quote from one vetoing an 

iniquitous street-cleaning contract: "This is a 
time for plain speech, and my objection to your 
action .shall be plainly stated. I re^^ard it as the 
culmination of a bare-faced, impudent and 
shameless scheme to betraj' the interests of the 
people and to worse than squander the people's 
money." The New York Sim afterward verj- 
highly commended Mr. Cleveland's administra- 
tion as Maj-or of Buffalo, and thereupon recom- 
mended him for Governor of the Empire State. 
To the latter office he was elected in 1882, and 
his administration of the affairs of State was 
generally satisfactory-. The mistakes he made, 
if an}-, were made ver\- public throughout the na- 
tion after he was nominated for President of the 
United States. For this high office he was 
nominated July 11, 1884, by the National Demo- 
cratic Convention at Chicago, when other com- 
petitors were Thomas F. Baj-ard, Roswell P. 
Flower, Thomas A. Hendricks, Benjamin F. 
Butler, Allen G. Thurman, etc.; and he was 
elected by the people, by a majority of about a 
thou.sand, over the brilliant and long-tried Re- 
publican statesman, James G. Blaine. President 
Cleveland resigned his office as Governor of New 
York in Januar)-, 1885, in order to prepare for 
his duties as the Chief Executive of the United 
States, in which capacity his term commenced at 
noon on the 4th of March, 1885. 

The silver question precipitated a contro\ersy 
between those who were in favor of the continu- 
ance of silver coinage and those who were op- 
posed, Mr. Cleveland answering for the latter, 
even before his inauguration. 

On June 2, 1886, President Cleveland married 
Frances, daughter of his deceased friend and part- 
ner, Oscar Folsom, of the Buffalo Bar. Their 
union has been blessed by the birth of two daugh- 
ters. In the campaign of 1888, President Cleve- 
land was renominated bj' his party, but the 
Republican candidate, Gen. Benjamin Harrison, 
was victorious. In the nomination.'^ of 1892 
these two candidates for the highest position in 
the gift of the people were again pitted 
e\c\\ other, and in the ensuing election President 
Cleveland was victorious by an overwhelming 

^C4Af, C^^ 



QENJAMIN HARRISON, the twenty-third 
IC\ President, is the desceudant of one of the 
L/ historical families of this country. The first 
known head of the family was Maj.-Gen. Harrison, 
one of Oliver Cromwell's trusted followers and 
fighters. In the zenith of Cromwell' s power it be- 
came the duty of this Harrison to participate in 
the trial of Charles I., and afterward to sign the 
death warrant of the king. He subsequently 
paid for this with his life, being hung October 13, 
1660. His descendants came to America, and 
the next of the family that appears in history is 
Benjamin Harrison, of Virginia, great-grandfa- 
ther of the subject of this sketch, and after whom 
he was named. Benjamin Harrison was a mem- 
ber of the Continental Congress during the years 
1774, 1775 and 1776, and was one of the original 
signers of the Declaration of Independence. He 
was three times elected Governor of Virginia. 

Gen. 'Vl'^illiam Henry Harrison, the son of the 
di.stinguished patriot of the Revolution, after a 
successful career as a soldier during the 'V^'^ar of 
18 1 2, and with a clean record as Governor of the 
Northwestern Territory, was electe'd President of 
the United States in 1 840. His career was cut 
short by death within one month after his in- 

President Harrison was born at North Bend, 

Hamilton County, Ohio, August 20, 1S33. His 
life up to the time of his graduation from Miami 
University, at Oxford, Ohio, was the uneventful 
one of a countrj- lad of a familj' of small means. 
His father was able to give him a good education, 
and nothing more. He became engaged while at 
college to the daughter of Dr. Scott, Principal of 
a female school at Oxford. After graduating, he 
determined to enter upon the study of law. He 
went to Cinciiuiati and there read law for two 
years. At the expiration of that time young Har- 
rison received the only inheritance of his life — his 
aunt, dying, left him a lot valued at $800. He 
regarded this legacy as a fortune, and decided to 
get married at once, take this money and go to 
some Eastern town and begin the practice of law. 
He sold his lot, and, with the money in his pocket, 
he started out with his young wife to fight for a 
place in the world. He decided to go to Indian- 
apolis, which was even at that time a town of 
promise. He met with slight encouragement at 
first, making scarcely anything the first j'ear. 
He worked diligently, applying himself closely to 
his calling, built up an extensive practice and 
took a leading rank in the legal profession. 

In i860, Mr. Harrison was nominated for the 
position of Supreme Court Reporter, and then be- 
gan his experience as a stump speaker. He can- 



vassed the State thoroughly, and was elected by 
a handsome majority. In 1862 he raised the 
Seventeenth Indiana Infantry, and was chosen its 
Colonel. His regiment was composed of the raw- 
est material, but Col. Harrison employed all his 
time at first in mastering military tactics and drill- 
ing his men, and when he came to move toward 
the East with Sherman, his regiment was one of 
the best drilled and organized in the army. At 
Resaca he especially distinguished himself, and 
(br his bravery at Peachtree Creek he was made 
a Brigadier-General, Gen. Hooker speaking of 
him in the most complimentary terms. 

During the ab.sence of Gen. Harrison in the 
field, the Supreme Court declared the ofSce of 
Supreme Court Reporter vacant, and another 
person was elected to the position. From the 
time of leaving Indiana with his regiment until 
the fall of 1864 he had taken no leave of absence, 
but having been nominated that year for the same 
office, he got a thirty-day leave of absence, and 
during that time made a brilliant canvass of the 
State, and was elected for another term. He then 
started to rejoin Sherman, but on the way was 
stricken down with scarlet fever, and after a most 
trying attack made his way to the front in time to 
participate in the closing incidents of the war. 

In 1868 Gen. Harrison declined a re-election 
as Reporter, and resumed the practice of law. In 
1876 he was a candidate for Governor. Although 
defeated, the brilliant campaign he made won for 
him a national reputation, and he was much sought 
after, especially in the East, to make speeches. 
In 1880, as usual, he took an active part in the 
campaign, and was elected to the United States 
Senate. Here he served for six years, and was 
known as one of the ablest men, best lawyers and 
strongest debaters in that body. With the ex- 
piration of his senatorial term he returned to the 
practice of his profession, becoming the head of 
one of the strongest firms in the State. 

The political campaign of 1888 was one of the 
most memorable in the history of our country. 
The convention which assembled in Chicago in 
June and named Mr. Harrison as the chief .stmd- 
ard-bearer of the Republican party was great in 
everj- particular, and on fiis account, and the at- 

titude it assumed upon the vital questions of the 
day, chief among which was the tariff, awoke a 
deep interest in the campaign throughout the 
nation. Shortly after the nomination, delegations 
began to visit Mr. Harrison at Indianapolis, his 
home. This movement became popular, and from 
all sections of the country societies, clubs and 
delegations journej-ed thither to pay their re- 
spects to the distinguished .statesman. 

Mr. Harrison spoke daily all through the sum- 
mer and autumn to these vLsiting delegatior.s, 
and so varied, masterly, and eloquent were his 
speeches that th®^' at once placed him in the fore- 
most rank of American orators and statesmen. 
Elected by a handsome majority, he served his 
country faithfully and well, and in 1892 was nom- 
inated for re-election; but the people demanded a 
change and he was defeated by his predecessor 
in office, Grover Cleveland. 

On account of his eloquence as a speaker and 
his power as a debater. Gen. Harrison was called 
upon at an early age to take part in the dis- 
cussion of the great questions that then began to 
agitate the country. He was an uncompromisir.g 
anti-slavery man, and was matched against some 
of the most eminent Democratic speakers of his 
State. No man who felt the touch of his blade 
desired to be pitted with him again. With all 
his eloquence as an orator he never .spoke for ora- 
torical effect, but his words always went like bul- 
lets to the mark. He is purely American in his 
ideas, and is a .splendid type of the American 
statesman. Gifted with quick perception, a logi- 
cal mind and a ready tongue, he is one of the 
most distinguished impromptu speakers in the 
nation. Many of these speeches sparkled with the 
rarest eloquence and contained arguments of great 
weight, and many of his terse statements have 
already become aphorisms. Original in thought, 
precise in logic, terse in statement, yet withal 
faultless in eloquence, he is recognized as the 
sound statesman and brilliant orator of the day. 
During the fast days of his administration Presi- 
dent Harrison suffered an irreparable loss in the 
death of his devoted wife, Caroline (Scott) Har- 
rison, a lady of many womanly charms and vir- 
tues. They were the parents of two children. 




aoC-^^c^ ^^{T^^- 


HADRACH BOND, the first 
Governor of Illinois after its 
organization us a State, serving 
tioni 1818 to 1822, was born in 
Frederick County, Maryland, 
in tiie year 1773, and was 
raised a farmer on his father's 
plantation, receiving only a plain 
English education. He emigrated 
to this State in t794, when it was a 
part of the "Northwest Territory," 
continuing in the vocation in which 
he had been brought up in his native 
State, in the " New Design," near 
Eagle Creek, in what is now Monroe 
County. He served several terms as 
a member of the General Assembly 
of Indiana Territory, after it was organized as such, 
and in 1812-14 he was a Delegate to the Twelfth 
and Thirteenth Congresses, taking his seat Dec. 3, 
1812, and serving until Oct. 3, [814. These were 
the times, the reader will recollect, when this Gov- 
ernment had its last struggle with Great Britain. 
The year 181 2 is also noted in the history of this 
State as that in which the first Territorial Legislature 
was held. It convened at Kaskaskia, Nov. 25, and 
adjourned Dec. 26, following. 

While serving as Delegate to Congress, Mt. Bond 
was instrumental in procuring the right of pre-emp- 
tion on the public domain. On the expiration of his 
term at Washington he was appointed Receiver of 
Public Moneys at Kaskaskia, then the capital of tlie 
Territory In company with John G. Comyges, 

Thomas H. Harris, Charles Slade, Michael Jones, 
Warren Brown. Edward Humphries and Charles W 
Hunter, he became a proprietor of the site of the 
initial city of Cairo, which they hoped, from its favor- 
able location at the junction of the two great 
rivers near the center of the Great West, would 
rapidly develop into a metropolis. To aid the enter- 
prise, they obtained a special charter from the Legis- 
lature, incorporating both the City and the Bank of 

In 18 1 8 Mr. Bond was elected the first Governor 
of the State of Illinois, being inaugurated Oct. 6 
that year, which was several weeks before Illinois 
was actually admitted. The facts are these: In 
January, 1S18, the Territorial Legislature sent a peti- 
tion to Congress for the admission of Illinois as a 
State, Nathaniel Pope being then Delegate. The 
petition was granted, fixing the northern line of the 
State on the latitude of the southern extremity of 
Lake Michigan; but the bill was afterward so amend- 
ed as to extend this line to its present latitude. In 
July a convention was called at Kaskaskia to draft a 
constitution, which, however, was not submitted to 
the people. By its provisions, supreme judges, pros 
ecuting attorneys, county and circuit judges, record- 
ers and justices of the peace were all to be appointed 
by the Governor or elected by the Legislature. This 
constitution was accepted by Congress Dec. 30. At 
that time Illinois comprised but eleven counties, 
namely, Randolph, Madison, Gallatin, Johnson, 
Pope, Jackson, Crawford, Bond, Union, Washington 
and Franklin, the northern portion of the State be- 
ing mainly in Madison County. Thus it appears 
that Mr. Bond was honored by the naming of a 


county before he was elected Governor. The present 
county of Bond is of small limitations, about 60 to 80 
miles south of Springfield. For Lieutenant Governor 
the oeople chose Pierre Menard, a prominent and 
worthy Frenchman, after whom a county in this State 
is named. In this election there were no opposition 
candidates, as the popularity of these men had made 
their promotion to the chief offices of the Siate, even 
Oefore the constitution was drafted, a foregone con- 

The principal points that excited the people in 
reference to political issues at this period were local 
or " internal improvements," as they were called. 
State banks, location of the capital, slavery and the 
personal characteristics of the proposed candidates. 
Mr. Bond represented the " Convention party," for 
introducing slavery into the State, supiwrted by Elias 
Ke It Kane, his Secretary of State, and John Mc- 
Lean, while Nathaniel Pope and John P. Cook led 
the anti-slavery element. The people, however, did 
not become very much excited over this issue until 
1820, when the fimjjs Missouri Compromise was 
adopted by Congress, limiting slavery to the south 
of the parallel of 36° 30' except in Missouri. While 
this measure settled the great slavery controversy, 
so far as the average public sentiment was tempor- 
arily concerned, until 1854, when it was repealed 
under the leadership of Stephen A. Douglas, the issue 
as considered locally in this State was not decided 
until '824, after a most furious campaign. (See 
sketch of Gov. Coles.) The ticket of 1818 was a 
compromise one. Bond representing (moderately) the 
pro-slavery sentiment and Menard the anti-slavery. 

An awkward element in the State government 
under Gov. Bond's administration, was the imperfec- 
tion of the State constitution. The Convention 
wished to have Elijah C. Berry for the first Auditor 
of Public Accounts, but, as it was believed that the 
new Governor would not appoint him to the office, 
Uie Convention declared in a schedule that " an 
auditor of public accounts, an attorney general and 
such other officers of the State as may be necessary, 
may be appointed by the General Assembly." The 
Constitution, as it stood, vested a very large appoint- 
ing power in the Governor ; but for the purjxjse of 
getting one man into office, a total change was made, 
and the power vested in the Legislature. Of this 
provision the Legislature took advantage, and de- 

clared that State's attorneys, canal commissioners, 
bank directors, etc., were all '" officers of the State ' 
and must therefore be appointed by itself independ- 
ently of the Governor. 

During Gov. Bond's administration a general law 
was passed for the incorporation of academies and 
towns, and one authorizing lotteries. The session of 
1822 authorized the Governor to appoint commis- 
sioners, to act in conjunction with like commissioners 
appointed by the State of Indiana, to report on the 
practicability and expediency of improving the navi- 
gation of the Wabash River; also inland navigation 
generally. Many improvements were recommended, 
some of which have been feebly worked at even till 
the present day, those along the Wabash being of no 
value. Also, during Gov. Bond's term of office, the 
capital of the State was removed from Kaskaskia to 
Vandalia. In 1820 a law was passed by Congress 
authorizing this State to open a canal through the 
public lands. The State appointed commissioners 
10 explore the route and prepare the necessary sur- 
veys and estimates, preparatory to its execution ; 
but, being unable out of its own resources to defray 
the expenses of the undertaking, it was abandoned 
until some time after Congress made the grant of 
land for the purpose of its construction. 

On the whole. Gov. Bond's administration was 
fairly good, not being open to severe criticism from 
any party. In 1S24, two years after the expiration 
of his term of office, he was brought out as a candi- 
date for Congress against the formidable John P. 
Cook, but received only 4,374 votes tc 7,460 for the 
latter. Gov. Bond was no orator, but had made 
many fast friends by a judioioas be::owment of his 
gubernatorial patronage, and these worked zealously 
for him in the campaign. 

In 1827 ex-Gov. Bond was appointed by the Leg- 
islalure, with Wm. P. McKee and Dr. Gershom 
Jayne, as Commissioners to locate a site for a peni- 
tentiary on the Mississippi at or near Alton. 

Mr. Bond was of a benevolent and convivial dis- 
position, a man of shrewd observation and clear ap- 
preciation of events. His person was erect, stand- 
ing six feet in height, and after middle life became 
portly, weighing 200 pounds. H's features were 
strongly masculine, complexion dark, hair jet and 
eyes hazel ; was a favorite witli the ladies. He died. 
April II, 1830, in peace and contentment 

Ld^\^<-Uyu) Coxi<^ 



E&\var& Coles, 

DWARD COLES, second 
Governor of Illinois, 1823- 
6, was born Dec. 15, 1786, 
in Albemarle Co., Va., on 
ihe old family estate called 
"Enniscorth y," on the 
Green Mountain. His fath- 
Li I mil Coles, was a Colonel in the 
Revolutionary War. Having been fit- 
ted lor college by private tutors, he 
was sent to Hampden Sidney, where 
he remained until the autumn of 1805, 
when he was removed to William and 
Mary College, at Williamsburg, Va. 
This college he left in the summer of 
I Soy, a short time before the final and graduating 
examination. Among his classmates were Lieut. 
Gen. Scott, President John Tyler, Wni. S. Archer, 
United States Senator from Virginia, and Justice 
Baldwin, of the United States Supreme Court. The 
President of the latter college, Bishop Madison, was 
a cousin of President James Madison, and that cir- 
cumstance was the occasion of Mr. Coles becoming 
personally acquainted with the President and re- 
ceiving a position as his private secretary, 1809-15. 
The family of Coles was a prominent one in Vir- 
ginia, and their mansion was the seat of the old- 
fashioned Virginian hospitality. It was visited by 
such notables as Patrick Henry, Jefferson, Madison, 
Monroe, the Randolphs, Tazewell, Wirt, etc. At the 
age of 23, young Coles founa himself heir to a plant- 
ation and a considerable number of slaves. Ever 
since his earlier college days his attention had been 
drawo 13 tiie question of slavery. He read every- 

thing on the subject that came in his way, and 
listened to lectures on the rights of man. The more 
he reflected upon the subject, the more impossible 
was it for hira to reconcile the immortal declaration 
"that all men are born free and equal " with the 
practice of slave-holding. He resolved, therefore, to 
free his slaves the first opportunity, and even remove 
his residence to a free State. One reason which de- 
termined him to accept the appointment as private 
secretary to Mr. Midison was because he believed 
that through the acquaintances he could make at 
Washington he could better determine in what part 
of the non-slaveholding portion of tne Union he woulc 
prefer to settle. 

The relations between Mr. Coles and President 
Madison, as well as Jefferson and other distinguished 
men, were of a very friendly character, arising from 
the similarity of their views on the question of slavery 
and their sympathy for each other in holding doc- 
trines so much at variance with the prevailing senti- 
ment in their own State. 

In 1857, he resigned his secretaryship and spent a 
portion of the following autumn in exploring the 
Northwest Territory, for the purpose of finding a lo- 
cation and purchasing lands on which to settle his 
negroes. He traveled with a horse and buggy, with 
an extra man and horse for emergencies, through 
many parts of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and Missouri, 
determining finally to settle in Illinois. At this time, 
however, a misunderstanding arose between our 
Government and Russia, and Mr. Coles was selected 
to repair to St. Petersburg on a special mission, bear- 
ing important papers concerning the matter at issue 
The result was a conviction of the Emperor (Alex- 



aiider) of the error committed by his minister at 
Wiishington, and tlie consequent withdrawal of the 
the latter from the post. On his return, Mr. Coles 
visited other parts of Europe, especially Paris, where 
he was introduced to Gen. Lafayette. 

In the spring of 1819, he removed with all his 
negroes from Virginia to Edwardsville, 111., with the 
intention of giving them their liberty. He did not 
inake known to them his intention until one beautiful 
morning in April, as they were descending the Ohio 
River. He lashed all tlie boats together and called 
all the negroes on deck and made them a short ad- 
dress, concluding his remarks by so expressing him- 
self that by a turn of a sentence he proclaimed in 
the shortest and fullest manner that they were no 
longer slaves, but free as he was and were at liberty 
to proceed with him or go ashore at their pleas- 
ure. A description of the effect upon the negroes is 
best described in his own language : 

"The effect upon them was electrical. They stared 
at n-.e and then at each other, as if doubting the ac- 
curacy or reality of what they heard. In breathless 
silence they stood before me, unable to utter a word, 
but with countenances beaming with expression which 
no words could convey, and which no language 
can describe. As they began to see the truth of 
what they had heard, and realize their situation, there 
came on a kind of hysterical, giggling laugh. After 
a pause of intense and unutterable emotion, bathed 
in tears, and with tremulous voices, they gave vent to 
their gratitude and implored the blessing of God 
on me." 

Before landmg he gave them a general certificate 
of freedom, and afterward conformed more particu- 
lady with the law of this State requiring that each 
individual should have a certificate. This act of 
Mr. Coles, all the more noble and heroic considering 
the overwhelming pro-slavery influences surrounding 
him, has challenged the admiration of every philan- 
thropist of modern times. 

March 5, 1819, President Monroe appointed Mr. 
Coles Registrar of the Land Ofifice at EdwardsviLe, 
at that time one of the principal land offices in the 
State. While acting in this capacity and gaining 
many friends by his ix)liteness and general intelli- 
gwice, the greatest struggle that ever occurred in 
Illinois on the slavery ques'ion culminated in the 
furious contest characterizing the campaigns and 
elections of 1822-4. In the summer of 1823, when a 
new Governor was to be elected to succeed Mr. 
Bond, the pro-slavery element divided into factions, 
putting forward for the executive office Joseph 
Phillips, Chief Justice of the State, Thomas C. 
Browne and Gen. James B. Moore, of the State Mil- 
itia. The anti-slavery element united upon Mr. 
Coles, and, after one of the most bitter campaigns, 
succeeded in electing him as Governor. His pliiral- 
ity over Judge PhilHps was only 59 in a total vote of 

over 8,000. The Lieutenant Governor was elected 
by the slavery men. Mr. Coles' inauguration speech 
was marked by calmness, deliberation and such a- 
wise ex|)ression of appropriate suggestions as to 
elicit the sanction of all judicious politicians. But 
he compromised not with evil. In his message to 
the Legislature, the seat of Government being then 
at Vandalia, he strongly urged the abrogation of the 
modified form of slavery whi';h then existed in this 
State, contrary to the Ordinance of 1787. His posi- 
tion on this suliject seems the more remarkable, when 
it is considered that he was a minority Governor, the 
population of Illinois being at that time almost ex- 
clusively from slave-holding States and by a large 
majority in favor of the perpetuation of that old relic 
of barbarism. The Legislature itself was, of course, 
a reflex of the popular sentiment, and a majority of 
them were led on by fiery men in denunciations of 
the conscientious Governor, and in curses loud and 
deep upon him and all his friends. Some of the 
public men, indeed, went so far as to head a sort of 
mob, or " shiveree " party, who visited the residence 
of the Governor and others at Vandalia and yelled 
and groaned and spat fire. 

The Constitution, not establishing or permitting 
slavery in this State, was thought therefore to be 
defective by the slavery politicians, and they desired 
a State Convention to be elected, to devise and sub- 
mit a new Constitution; and the dominant politics 
of the day was "Convention" and "anti-Conven- 
tion." Both parties issued addresses to the people. 
Gov. Coles himself being the author of the address 
published by the latter party. This address revealed 
the schemes of the conspirators in a masterly man- 
ner. It is difficult for us at this distant day to esti- 
mate the critical and extremely delicate situation in 
which the Governor was placed at that time. 

Our hero maintained himself honorably and with 
supreme dignity throughout his administration, and 
in his honor a county in this State is named. He 
was truly a great man, and those wlio lived in 
this State during his sojourn here, like those who 
live at the base of the mountain, were too near to see 
and recognize the greatness that overshadowed ihem. 

Mr. Coles was married Nov. 28, 1833, by Bishop 
De Lancey, to Miss Sally Logan Roberts, a daughter 
of Hugh Roberts, a descendant of Welsh ancestry, 
who cam; to this country with Wm. Penn in 1682. 

After the expiration of his term of service, Gk)v. 
Coles continued his residence in Edwardsville, sup- 
erintending his farm in the vicinity. He was fond 
of agriculture, and was the founder of the first agri- 
cultural society in the State. On account of ill 
health, however, and having no family to tie him 
down, he spent much of his time in Eastern cities. 
About 1832 he changed his residence 10 Philadel- 
phia, where he died July 7, i868, and is buried at; 
Woodland, near that city. 

' o c^-(/[yc^-iJL 



INI .^N EDWARDS, Governor 
li Irom 1827 to 1830, was a sou 
'r of Benjamin Edwards, and 
was born in Montgomery 
yo County, Maryland, in March, 
-^ 1775- His domestic train- 
'' ^ mg was well fitted to give 
his mmd strength, firmness and 
ho orable principles, and a good 
foundation was laid for the elevated 
character to which he afterwards 
attained His parents were Bap- 
tists, and very strict in their moral 
principles His education in early 
jouth was in company with and 
partly under the tuition of Hon, Wm. 
Wirt, whom his father patronized 
and who was more than two years 
older. An intimacy was thus 
formed between them which was lasting for life. He 
was further educated at Dickinson College, at Car- 
lisle, Pa. He next commenced the study of law, but 
before completing his course he moved to Nelson 
County, Ky., to open a farm for his father and to 
purchase homes and locate lands for his brothers and 
sisters. Here he fell in the company of dissolute 
companions, and for several years led the life of a 
spendthrift. He was, however, elected to the Legis- 
lature of Kentucky as the Representative of Nelson 
County before he was 2 i years of age, and was re- 
jected by an almost unanimous vote. 

In 1798 he was licensed to practice law, and the 
following year was admitted to the Courts of Tennes- 
see. About this time he left Nelson County for 
Russellville, in Logan County, broke away from his 
dissolute companions, commenced a reformation and 
devoted himself to severe and laborious study. He 
then began to rise rapidly in his profession, and soon 
became an eminent lawyer, and inside of four years 
he filled in succession the offices of Presiding Judge 
of the General Court, Circuit Judge, fourth Judge of 
the Court of Appeals and Chief Justice of the State, 
— all before he was 32 years of age! In addition, in 
1802, he received a commission as Major of a battal- 
ion of Kentucky militia, and in 1804 was chosen a 
Presidential Elector, on the Jefferson and Clinton 
ticket. In 1806 he was a candidate for Congress, 
but withdrew on being promoted to the Court of 

Illinois was organized as a separate Territory in 
the spring of 1809, when Mr. Edwards, then Chief 
Justice of the Court of Appeals in Kentucky, received 
from President Madison the appointment as Gover- 
nor of the new Territory, his commission bearing date 
April 24, 1809. Edwards arrived at Kaskaskia in 
June, and on the i ith of that month took the oath of 
office. At the same time he was appointed Superin- 
tendent of the United States Saline, this Government 
interest then developing into considerable proportions 
in Southern Illinois. Although during the first three 
years of his administration he had the power to make 
new counties and appoint all the officers, yet he always 
allowed the people of each county, by an informal 


vote, to select their own officers, both civil and mili- 
tary. The noted John J. Crittenden, afterward 
United States Senator from Kentucky, was appointed 
by Gov. Edwards to the office of Attorney General of 
the Territory, which office was accepted for a short 
time only. 

The Indians in i8io committing sundry depreda- 
tions in the Territory, crossing the Mississippi from 
the Territory of Louisiana, a long correspondence fol- 
lowed between the respective Governors concerning 
the remedies, which ended in a council with the sav- 
ages at Peoria in 1812, and a fresh interpretation of 
the treaties. Peoria was depopulated by these de- 
predations, and was not re-settled for many je.irs 

As Gov. Edwards' term of office expired by law in 
181 2, he was re-appointed for another term of three 
years, and again in 1815 for a third term, serving 
until the organization of the State in the fall of 1818 
and the inauguration of Gov. Bond. At this time 
ex-Gov. Edwards was sent to the United States 
Senate, his colleague being Jesse B. Thomas. As 
Senator, Mr. Edwards took a conspicuous part, and 
acquitted himself honorably in all the measures that 
came up in that body, being well posted, an able de- 
bater and a conscientious statesman. He thought 
ieriously of resigning this situation in 1821, but was 
persuaded by his old friend, Wm. Wirt, and others to 
continue in office, which he did to the end of the 

He was then appointed Minister to Mexico by 
President Monroe. About this time, it appears that 
Mr. Edwards saw suspicious signs in the conduct of 
VVm. H. Crawford, Secretary of the United States 
Treasury, and an ambitious candidate for the Presi- 
dency, and being implicated by the latter in some of 
his statements, he resigned his Mexican mission in 
order fully to investigate the charges. The result 
was the exculpation of Mr. Edwards. 

Pro-slavery regulations, often termed "Black Laws," 
disgraced the statute books of both the Territory and 
'.he State of Illinois during the whole of his career in 
ihis commonwealth, and Mr. Edwards always main- 
tained the doctrines of freedom, and was an important 
rxtor in the great struggle which ended in a victory 
for his parfy in 1824. 

In 1826--7 the Winnebago and other Indians com- 
mitted soire depredations in the northern part of the 

State, and the white settlers, who desired the lands 
and wished to exasperate the savages into an evacu- 
ation of the country, magnified the misdemeanors of 
the aborigines and thereby produced a hostility be- 
tween the races so great as to precipitate a little war, 
known in history as the "Winnebago Wnr." A few 
chases and skirmishes were had, when Gen. Atkinson 
succeeded in capturing Red Bird, the Indian chief, 
and putting him to death, thus ending the contest, at 
least until the troubles commenced which ended in 
the " Black Hawk War " of 1832. In the interpre- 
tation of treaties and execution of their provisions 
Gov. Edwards had much vexatious work to do. The 
Indians kept themselves generally within the juris- 
diction of Michigan Territory, and its Governor, 
Lewis Cass, was at a point so remote that ready cor- 
respondence with him was difficult or impossible. 
Gov. Edwards' administration, however, in regard to 
the protection of the Illinois frontier, seems to hav; 
been very efficient and satisfactory. 

For a considerable portion of his time after his re- 
moval to Illinois, Gov. Edwards resided upon his 
farm near Kaskaskia, which he had well stocked with 
horses, cattle and sheep from Kentucky, also with 
fruit-trees, grape-vines and shrubbery. He estab- 
lished saw and grist-mills, and engaged extensively 
in mercantilebusiness, having no less than eiglitorten 
stores in this State and Missouri. Notwithstanding 
the arduous duties of his office, he nearly always pur- 
chased the goods himself with which to supply the 
stores. Although not a regular practitioner of medi- 
cine, he studied the healing art to a considerable ex- 
tent, and took great pleasure in prescribing for, and 
taking care of, the sick, generally without charge. 
He was also liberal to the poor, several widows and 
ministers of the gospel becoming indebted to hira 
even for their homes. 

He married Miss Elvira Lane, of Maryland, in 
1803, and they became the affectionate parents of 
several children, one of whom, especially, is welV 
known to the people of the " Prairie State," namely, 
Ninian Wirt Edwards, once the Superintendent c< 
Public Instruction and still a resident of Springfield 
Gov. Edwards resided at and in the vicinity of Kas- 
kaskia from 1809 to 1818; in Edwardsville (named 
after him) from tiiat time to 1824; and from the lat- 
ter date at Belleville, St. Clair County, until his 
death, July 20, 1833, of Asiatic cholera. Edwards 
County is also named in his honor. 

i^ M^t^-^^^-'^T'T^-Z/'t!-^-^^ 



o<a6-«i»^e>o — ^^-i*' 

% ^/*f ( "HN REYNOLDS, Governor 1831- 
4, was born in Montgomery Coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania, Feb. 26, 1788. 
{' W^^ *■ ^'^ fatter, Robert Reynolds and 
%\ r |; his mother, nee Margaret Moore, 
~ ' were botli natives of Ireland, from 
which country they emigrated to 
the United States in 1785, land- 
ing at Philadelphia. The senior 
Reynolds entertained an undying 
hostility to the British Govern- 
ment. When the subject of this 
sketch was about six months old, 
his parents emigrated with him to 
Tennessee, where many of their 
relatives had already located, at the base of the 
Copper Ridge Mountain, about 14 miles northeast of 
the present city of Knoxville. There they were ex- 
posed to Indian depredations, and were much molest- 
ed by them. In 1794 they moved into the interior 
of the State. They were poor, and brought up their 
children to habits of manual industry. 

In 1800 the family removed to Kaskaskia, 111., with 
eight horses and two wagons, encountering many 
Hardships on the way. Here young Reynolds passed 
the most of his childhood, while his character began 
to develop, the most prominent traits of which were 
ambition and energy. He also adopted the princi|)le 
and practice of total abstinence from intoxicating 
liquors. In 1807 the family made another removal. 

this time to the " Goshen Settlement," at the foot of 
the Mississippi bluffs three or four miles southwest 
of Edwardsville. 

On arriving at his 20th year, Mr. Reynolds, seeing 
that he must look about for his own livelihood and 
not yet having determined what calling to pursue, 
concluded first to attend college, and he accordingly 
went to such an institution of learning, near Knox- 
ville, Tenn., where he had relatives. Imagine his 
diffidence, when, after passing the first 20 years of 
his life without ever having seen a carpet, a papered 
wall or a Windsor chair, and never having lived in a 
shingle-roofed house, he suddenly ushered himself 
into the society of the wealthy in the vicinity of 
Knoxville! He attended college nearly two years, 
going through the principal Latin authors; but it 
seems that he, like the rest of the world in modem 
times, had but very little use for his Latin in after 
life. He always failed, indeed, to exhibit any good 
degree of literary discipline. He commenced the 
study of law in Knoxville, but a pulmonary trouble 
came on and compelled him to change his mode 
of life. Accordingly he returned home and re- 
cuperated, and in 18 12 resumed his college and 
law studies at Knoxville. In the fall of 1812 he was 
admitted to the Bar at Kaskaskia. About this time 
he also learned the French language, which he 
practiced with pleasure in conversation with his 
family for many years. He regarded this language 
as being superior to all others for social intercourse. 


From his services in the West, in the war of i8i 2, 
he obtained the sobriquet of the " Old Ranger." He 
was Orderly Sergeant, then Judge Advocate. 

Mr. Reynolds opened his first law office in the 
winter and spring of 1814, in the French village of 
Cahokia, then the capital of St. Clair County. 

In the fall of 181S he was elected an Associate 
Justice upon the Supreme Bench by the General 
Assembly. In 1825 he entered more earnestly tlian 
ever into the practice of law, and the very next year 
was elected a member of the Legislature, where he 
acted independently of all cliques and private inter- 
ests. In 1828 the Whigs and Democrats were for 
the first time distinctively organized as such in Illi- 
nois, and the usual party bitterness grew up and 
raged on all sides, while Mr. Reynolds preserved a 
"udicial calmness and moderation. The real animus 
if the campaign was " Jackson " and " anti-Jackson," 
'he former party carrying the State. 

In August, 1830, Mr. Reynolds was elected Gov- 
ernor, amid great excitement. Installed in office, he 
did all within his jxiwer to advance the cause of edu- 
cation, internal improvements, the Illinois & Mich- 
igan Canal, the harbor at Chicago, settling the coun- 
try, etc.; also reccmmended the winding up of the 
State Bank, as its affairs had become dangerously 
complicated. In his n?,tional politics, hr was a 
moderate supporter of General Jackson. But the 
most celebrated event of his gubernatcriai admin- 
istration was the Black Hawk War, which occurred 
in 1832. He called out the militia and prosecuted 
the cont.'jst with commendable diligence, appearing 
in person on the battle-grounds during the most 
critical periods. He was recognized by the President 
as Major-General, and authorized by him to make 
treaties with the Indians. By the assistance of the 
general Government the war was terminated without 
much bloodshed, but after many serious fights. This 
war, as well as everything else, was materially re- 
tarded by the occurrence of Asiatic cholera in the 
West. This was its first appearance here, and was 
the next event in prominence during Gov. Reynolds' 

South Carolina nullification coming up at this time, 
t was heartily condemned by both President Jackson 
«nd Gov. Reynolds, who took precisely the same 
grounds as the Unionists in the last war. 

On the termination of his gubernatorial term in 
..834, Gov. Reynolds was elected a Member of Con- 
gress, still coi:sidering himself a backwoodsman, as 
^e had scarcely been outside of the State since he 
became of age, and had spent nearly all his youthful 
days 'u the wildest region of the frontier. His first 
move in Congress was to adopt a resolution that in 
all elections made by the House for officers the votes 
should be given viva voce, each member in his place 
naming aloud the person for whom he votes. This 
created considerable heated discussion, but was es- 

sentially adopted, and remained the controiiing prin- 
ciple for many years. The ex Governor was scarcely 
absent from his seat a single day, during eight ses- 
sions of Congress, covering a period of seven years, 
and he never vacillated in a party vote; but he failed 
to get the Democratic party to foster his " National 
Road" scheme. He says, in " My Own Times " (a 
large autobiography he published), that it was only 
by rigid economy that he avoided insolvency while in 
VVashington. During his sojourn in that city he was 
married, to a lady of the place. 

In 1837, while out of Congress, and in company 
with a few others, he built the first railroad in the 
Mississippi Valley, namely, one about six miles long, 
leading from his coal mine in the Mississippi bluff to 
the bank of the river opposite St. Louis. Having not 
the means to purchase a locomotive, they operated it 
by horse-power. The next spring, however, the com- 
pany sold out, at great sacrifice. 

In 1839 the ex-Governor was appointed one of the 
Canal Commissioners, and authorized to borrow 
money to prosecute the enterprise. Accord'ngly, he 
repaired to Philadelphia and succeeding in obtaining 
a million dollars, which, however, was only a fourth 
of what was wanted. The same year he and his 
wife made at our of Europe. This year, also, Mr. 
Reynolds had the rather awkward little responsibility 
of introducing to President Van Buren the noted 
Moiinon Prophet, Joseph Smith, as a " Latter-Day 

In 1846 Gov. Reynolds was elected a member of 
the Legislature from St. Clair County, more particu 
larly for the purix)se of obtaining a feasible charter 
for a macadamized road from Belleville to St. Louis, 
a distance of nearly 14 miles. This was immediately 
built, and was the first road of the kind in the State. 
He was again elected to the Legislature in 1852, when 
he was chosen .Speaker of the House. In i860, aged 
and infirm, he attended the National Democratic 
Convention at Charleston, S. C, as an anti-Douglas 
Delegate, where he received more attention from the 
.Southern Delegates than any other member. He 
supported Breckenridge for the Presidency. After 
the October elections foreshadowed the success of 
Lincoln, he published an address urging the Demo- 
crats to rally to the support of Douglas. Immedi- 
ately preceding and during the late war, his corre- 
spondence evinced a clear sympathy for the Southern 
secession, and about the first of March, 1861, he 
urged upon the Buchanan officials the seizure of the 
treasure and arms in the custom-house and arsenal 
at St. Louis. Mr. Reynolds was a rather talkative 
man, and apt in all the Western phrases and catch- 
words that ever gained currency, besides many cun- 
ning and odd ones of his own manufacture. 

He was married twice, but had no children. He 
died in Belleville, in May, 1865, just after the close 
of the war. 




Governor of Illinois Nov. 3 
^3 to 17, 1834, was a native 
of Kentucky, and probably 
of Scotch ancestry. He had 
a fine education, was a gentle- 
man of polished manners and 
refined sentiment. In 1830 John Rey- 
nolds was elected Governor of the State, 
and Zadok Casey Lieutenant Governor, 
and for the principal events that followed, 
and the characteristics of the times, see 
sketch of Gov. Reynolds. The first we 
see in history concerning Mr. Ewing, in- 
forms us that he was a Receiver of Public 
Mor eys at Vandalia soon after the organization of 
Wii.s State, and that the public moneys in his hands 
vere deposited in various banks, as they are usually 
'•■th. -^Tesent day. In 1823 the State Bank was 
obbed, by which disaster Mr. Ewing lost a thousand- 
dollar deposit. 

The subject of this sketcli had a commission as 
Colonel in the Black Hawk War, and in emergencies 
nf acted also as Major. In the summer of 1832, 
■"/hen c was rumored among the whites that Block 
Hawk and nis men had encamped somewhere on 
Rock River, Gen. Henry was sent on a tour of 
reconnoisance, and with orders to drive the Indians 
from the State. After some opposition from his 
;ubordinate officers, Henry resolved to proceed up 
Rock River in search of the enemy. On the 19th of 
tuly, early in the morning, five baggage wagons, 

camp equipage and all heavy and cumbersome arti- 
cles were piled up and left, so that the army might 
make speedy and forced marches. For some miles 
the travel was exceedingly bad, crossing swamps 
and the worst thickets; but the large, fresh trail 
g.ive life and animation to the Annericans. Gen. 
Dodge and Col. Ewing were both actmg as Majors, 
and composed the " spy corps " or vanguard of the 
army. It is supposed the army marched nearly 50 
miles this day, and the Indian trail they followed 
became fresher, and was strewed with much property 
and trinkets of the red-skins , that they had lost or 
thrown away to hasten their march. During the 
following night there was a terrific thunder-storm, and 
the soldiery, with all their appurtenances, were thor- 
oughly drenched. 

On approaching nearer the Indians the next day. 
Gen. Dodge and Major Ewing, each commanding a 
battalion of men, were placed in front to bring on the 
battle, but the savages were not overtaken this day 
Forced marches were continued until they reached. 
Wisconsin River, where a veritable battle ensued, 
resulting in the death of about 68 of Black Hawk's 
men. The next day they continued the chase, and 
as soon as he discovered the trail of the Indians 
leading ic-.vard tlie Mississippi, Maj. Ewing formed 
his battalion in orde*- of battle and awaited the order 
of Gen. Henry. The latter soon appeared on the 
ground and ordered a charge, which directly resulted 
in chasing the red warriors across the great river. 
Maj. Ewing and his command proved particularly 
efficient in war, as it seems they were the chief actors 
in driving the main body of the Sacs and Foxes, in- 


eluding Black. Hawk himself, across the Mississippi, 
while Gen. Atkinson, commander-in-chief of the ex- 
pedition, with a body of the army, was hunting for 
them in another direction. 

In the above affair Maj. Ewing is often referred to 
as a " General," which title he had derived from his 
connection with the militia. 

It w^as in the latter part of the same year (1832) 
that Lieutenant Governor Casey was elected to Con- 
gress and Gen. Ewing, who had been elected to the 
Senate, was chosen to preside over that body. At 
the August election of 1S34, Gov. Reynolds was also 
elected to Congress, more than a year ahead of the 
time at which he could actually take his seat, as was 
then the law. His predecessor, Charles Slade, had 
just died of Asiatic cholera, soon after the elec- 
tion, and Gov. Reynolds was chosen to serve out his 
unexpired term. Accordingly he set out for Wash- 
ington in November of that year to take his seat in 
Congress, and Gen. Ewing, by virtue of his office as 
President of the Senate, became Governor of the 
State of Illinois, his term covering only a period of 
15 days namely, from the 3d to the 17th d-iys, in- 
clusive, of November. Om the ryth the Legislature 
met, and Gov. Ewing transmitted to that body his 
message, giving a statement of the condition of the 
affairs of the State at that time, and urging a contin- 
uance of the policy adopted by his predecessor; and 
on the same day Governor elect Joseph Duncan 
was sworn into office, thus relieving Mr. Ewing from 

the resjxjnsible situation. This is the only time that 
such a juncture has happened in the history of Illi- 

On the 29th of December, 1835, Gen. Ewing was 
elected a United States Senator to serve out the 
unexpired temi of Elias Kent Kane, deceased. The 
latter gentleman was a very prominent figure in the 
early politics of Illinois, and a county in this State is 
named in his honor. The election of Gen. Ewing to 
the Senate was a protracted struggle. His competi- 
tors were James Semple, who afterwards held several 
important offices in this State, and Richard M. 
Young, afterward a United States Senator and a 
Supreme Judge and a man of vast influence. On 
the first ballot Mr. Semple had 25 votes. Young 19 
•and Ewing 18. On the eighth ballot Young was 
dropped ; the ninth and tenth stood a tie ; but on 
the 1 2th Ewing received 40, to Semple 37, and was 
accordingly declared elected. In 1837 Mr. Ewing 
received some votes for a continuance of his term in 
Congress, when Mr. Young, just referred to, was 
elected. In 1842 Mr. Ewing was elected State 
Audit-'r on the ticket with Gov. Ford. 

Gen. Ewing was a gentleman of culture, a lawyer 
by profession, and was much in public life. In person 
he was above medium height and of heavy build, 
with auburn hair, blue eyes, large-sized head and 
short face. He was genial, social, friendly and 
affable, with fair talent, though of no high degree of 
originality. He died March 25, 1846. 




^<*X<^J -J 


1834-8, was born at Paris, 
Ky., Feb. 23, 1794. At the 
tender age of 19 years he en- 
listed in the war against Great 
Britain, and as a soldier he 
acquitted himself with credit. He 
was an Ensign under the daunt- 
less Croghan at Lower Sandusky, 
'\ or Fort Stiphenson. In Illinois 
lie first appeared in a public capa- 
city as Major-General of the Militia, 
a position which his military fame 
liad procured him. Subsequently 
he became a State Senator from 
I Jackson County, and is honorably 
mentioned for introducing the first bill providing for 
a free-school system. In 1826, when the redoubt- 
able John P. Cook, who had previously beaten such 
men as John McLean, Elias Kent Kane and ex- 
Gov. Bond, came up for the fourth time forCongress, 
Mr. Duncan was brought forward against him by his 
friends, greatly to the surprise of all the politicians. 
\«, yet he was but little known in the State. He was 
an original Jackson man at that time, being attached 
to his political fortune in admiration of the glory of 
his militaiy achievements. His chances of success 
against Cook were generally regarded as hopeless, 
but he entered upon the campaign undaunted. His 
speeches, though short and devoid of ornament, were 
fill of good sense. He made a diligent canvass of 
the State, Mr. Cook being hindered by the condition of 
his health. The most that was expected of Mr. 
Duncan, under the circumstances, was that he would 

obtain a respectable vote, but without defeating Mr 
Cook. The result of the campaign, however, was a 
source of surprise and amazement to both friends 
and foes, as Mr. Duncan came <Jut 641 votes ahead! 
He received 6,321 votes, and Mr. Cook 5,680. Un- 
til this denouement, the violence of party feeling 
smoldering in the breasts of the people on account 
of the defeat of Jackson, was not duly appreciated, 
.Aside from the great convention struggle of 1824, no 
other than mene local and pergonal considerations 
had ever before controlled an election in Illinois. 

From the above date Mr. Duncan retained his 
seat in Co.igress until his election as Governor in 
August, 1834. The first and bloodless year of the 
Black Hawk War he was appointed by Gov. Rey- 
nolds to the position of Brigadier-General of the 
volunteers, and he conducted his brigade to Rock 
Island. But he was absent from the State, in Wash- 
ington, during the gubernatorial campaign, and did 
not personally participate in it, but addressed circu- 
lars to his constituents. His election was, indeed, 
attributed to the circumstance of his absence, be- 
cause his estrangement from Jackson, formeriy his 
political idol, and also from the Democracy, largely 
in ascendency in the State, was complete; but while 
his defection was well known to his Whig friends, 
and even to the leading Jackson men of this State, 
the latter were unable to carry conviction of that fact 
to the masses, as mail and newspaper facilities at 
that day were far inferior to those of the present 
time. Of course the Governor was much abused 
afterward by the fossilized Jackson men who re- 
garded party ties and affiliations as nbove all 
other issues that could arise; but he was douDtless 



sincere in his opposition to the old hero, as the latter 
;iad vetoed several important western measures 
which were dear to Mr. Duncan. In his inaugural 
message he threw off the mask and took a bold stand 
ngainst the course of the President. The measures 
r.e recommended in his message, however, were so 
desirable that the Legislature, although by a large 
majority consisting of Jackson men, could not refrain 
from endorsing them. These measures related 
mainly to banks and internal improvements. 

It was while Mr. Duncan was Governor that the 
people of Illinois went whirling on with bank and in- 
ternal improvement schemes that well nigh bank- 
nipted the State. The hard times of 1837 came on, 
and the disasters that attended the inauguration of 
Jiese plans and the operation of the banks were mu- 
tually charged upon the two political parties. Had 
any one man autocratic power to introduce and 
carry on any one 01 these measures, he would proba- 
bly have succeeded to the satisfaction of the public; 
but as many jealous men had hold of the same plow 
handle, no success followed and each blamed the other 
for the failure. In this great vortex Gov. Duncan 
was carried along, suffering the like derogation of 
character with his fellow citizens. 

At the height of the excitement the Legislature 
" provided for " railroads from Galena to Cairo, Alton 
to Shawneetown, Alton to Mount Carmel, Alton to the 
eastern boundary of the State in the direction of 
Terre Haute, Quincy via Springfield to the Wabash, 
Bloomington to Pekin, and Peoria to Warsaw, — in all 
about 1,300 miles of road. It also provided for the 
improvement of the navigation of the Kaskaskia, 
Illinois, Great and Little Wabash and Rock Rivers ; 
also as a placebo, $200,000 in money were to be dis- 
.ributed to the various counties wherein no improve- 
ments were ordered to be made as above. The 
estimate for the expenses for all these projects was 
Jaced at a little over $10,000,000, which was not 
more man half enough ! That would now be equal to 
saddling upon the State a debt of $225,000,000 ! It 
was sufficient to bankrupt the State several times 
over, even counting all the possible benefits. 

One of the most exciting events that ever occurred 
in this fair State was the murder of Elijah P. Love- 
ioy in the fall of 1837, at Alton, during Mr. Duncan's 
term as Governor. Lovejoy was an " Abolitionist," 
editing the Observer at that place, and the pro- 
slavery slums there formed themselves into a mob. 

and after destroying successively three presses be- 
longing to Mr. Lovejoy, surrounded the warehouse 
where the fourth press was stored away, endeavoring 
to destroy it, and where Lovejoy and his friends 
were entrenching themselves, and shot and killed the 
brave reformer! 

About this time, also, the question of removing the 
State capital again came up, as the 20 years' limit for 
its existence at Vandalia was dravfing to a close. 
There was, of course, considerable excitement over 
the matter, the two main points competing for it be- 
ing Springfield and Peoria. The jealousy of the lat- 
ter place is not even yet, 45 years afterward, fully 

Gov. Duncan's term expired in 1838. In 1842 
he was again proposed as a candidate for the Execu- 
tive chair, this time by the AVhig party, against Adam 
W. Snyder, of St. Clair County, the nominee of the 
Democrats. Charles W. Hunter was a third candi- 
date for the same position. Mr. Snyder, however, died 
before the campaign had advanced very far, and his 
party substituted Thomas Ford, who was elected 
receiving 46,901 votes, to 38,584 for Duncan, and 
909 for Hunter. The cause of Democratic success 
at this time is mainly attributed to the temporary 
support of the Mormons which they enjoyed, and the 
want of any knowledge, on the part of the masses, 
that Mr. Ford was opposed to any given policy en- 
tertained in the respective localities. 

Gov. Duncan was a man of rather limited educa- 
tion, but with naturally fine abilities he profited 
greatly by his various public services, and gathered 
a store of knowledge regarding public affairs which 
served him a ready purpose. He possessed a clear 
judgment, decision, confidence in himself and moral 
courage to carry out his convictions of right. In his 
deportment he was well adapted to gain the admira- 
tion of the people. His intercourse with them was 
both affable and dignified. His portrait at the Gov- 
ernor's mansion, from which the accompanying was 
made, represents him as having a swarthy complex- 
ion, high cheek bones, broad forehead, piercing black 
eyes and straight black hair. 

He was a liberal patron of the Illinois ("ollege at 
lacksonville, a member of its Board of Trustees, and 
died, after a sliort illness, Jan. 15, 1844, a devoted 
member of tlie Presbyterian Church, leaving a wife 
but no children. Two children, born to them, had 
died in infancy. 



r. O" '< 

i^^^p} mx)''^^(^ 4j|aijiii|^]> I 


S^^*^^^^HOMAS CARLIN, tlie sixth 
" '~ " Governor of the State of 

Illinois, serving from 1838 
to 1842, was also 1 Ken- 
tuckian, being born near 
Frankfort, that State, July 
18, 1789, of Irish paternity, 
le opportunities for an education 
jing very meager in his native 
lace, he, on approaching years of 
■ment and maturity, applied 
iself to those branches of learn- 
that seemed most important, 
thus became a self-made man ; 
his taste for reading and 
c' xy r-i biiidv remained with him throuuh 

^Ji'^p) life. In 1803 his father removed 

10 Missouri, then a part of " New Spain," where he 
died in 18 10. 

In 1S12 young Carlin came to Illinois and partici- 
pated in all the " ranging " service incident to the 
war of that period, proving himself a soldier of un- 
daunted bravery. In 1814 he married Rebecca 
Huitt, and lived for four years on the bank of the 
Mississippi River, opposite the mouth of the Mis- 
souri, where he followed farming, and then removed 
to Greene County. He located the town site of Car- 
t\>'ion, in that county, and in 1825 made a liberal 
donation of land for county building purposes. He 
was the first Sheriff of that county after its separate 
organization, and afterward was twice elected, as a 
Jackson Democrat, to the Illinois Senate. In the 
Black Hawk War he commanded a spy battalion, a 
post of considerable danger. In 1834 he was ap- 
pointed by President Jackson to the position of 
Receiver uf Public Moii-^ys, and to fulfill the office 

more conveniently he removed to the city of Quincy. 

While, in 1S38, the unwieldy internal improvement 
system uf the State was in full operation, with all its 
expensive machinery, amidst bank suspensions 
throughout the United States, a great stringency in 
the money market everywhere, and Illinois bonds 
forced to sale at a heavy discount, and the " hardest 
times " existing that the people of the Prairie State 
ever saw, the general election of State officers was 
ap[)roaching. Discreet men who had cherished the 
hope of a speedy subsidence of the public infatua- 
tion, met witli disappointment. A Governor and 
Legislature were to be elected, and these were now 
looked forward to for a repeal of the ruinous State 
policy. But the grand scheme had not yet lost its 
dazzling influence upon the minds of the people. 
Time and experience had not yet fully demonstrated 
its utter absurdity. Hence the question of arresting 
its career of profligate expenditures did not become 
a leading one with the dominant party during the 
camp.iign, and most of the old members of the Leg 
islatuie were returned at this election. 

Under these circumstances the Democrats, in State 
Convention assembled, nominated Mr. Carlin for the 
office of Governor, and S. H. Anderson for Lieuten- 
ant Governor, while the Whigs nominated Cyrus Ed- 
wards, brother of Ninian Edwards, formerly Governor, 
and W. H. Davidson. Edwards came out strongly 
for a continuance of the State policy, while Carlir 
remained non-committal. This was the first time 
that the two main political parties in this State were 
unembar'assed i)y any third party in the field. The 
result of the election was: Carlin, 35,573; Ander- 
son, 30,335; Edwards, 29,629; and Davidson, 28,- 

Upon the meeting of the sulisequent Legislature 
(1839), the retiring Governor CDuncan") in his mes- 



sage spoke in emphatic terms of the impolicy of the 
internal improvement system, presaging the evils 
threatened, and uiged that body to do their utmost 
to correct the great error ; yet, on the contrary, the 
Legislature not only decided to continue the policy 
but also added to its burden by voting more appro- 
priations and ordering more improvements. Although 
the money market was still stringent, a farther loan 
of $4,000,000 was ordered for the Illinois & Mich- 
igan Canal alone. Chicago at that time began to 
loom up and promise to be an important city, even 
the great emporium of the West, as it has since in- 
deed came to be. Ex-Gov. Reynolds, an incompe- 
tent financier, was commissioned to effect the loan, 
and accordingly hastened to the East on this respons- 
ible errand, and negotiated the loans, at considera- 
ble sacrifice to the State. Besides this embarrassment 
io Carlin's administration, the Legislature also de- 
clared that he had no authority to appoint a Secretary 
of State until a vacancy existed, and A. P. Field, a 
Whig, who had already held the post by apix)intment 
.hrough three administrations, was determined to 
keep the place a while longer, in spite of Gov. Car- 
lin's preferences. The course of the Legislature in 
this regard, however, was finally sustained by the 
Supreme Court, in a quo ivarranio case brought up 
before it by John A. McClernand, whom the Gov- 
ernor had nominated for the office. Thereupon that 
dignified body was denounced as a "Whig Court!" 
endeavoring to establish the principle of life-tenure 
of office. 

A new law was adopted re-organizing the Judici- 
ary, and under it five additional Supreme Judges 
were elected by the Legislature, namely, Thomas 
Ford (afterward Governor), Sidney Breese, Walter B. 
Scales, Samuel H. Treat and Stephen A. Douglas — 
all Democrats. 

It was during Gov. Carlin's administration that the 
noisy campaign of " Tippecanoe and Tyler too " oc- 
curred, resulting in a Whig victory. This, however, 
did net affect Illinois politics very seriously. 

Another prominent event in the West during Gov. 
Carlin's term of office was the excitement caused by 
the Mormons and their removal from Independence, 
Mo.7to Nauvoo, 111., in 1840. At the same time 
they began to figure somewhat in State politics. On 
account of their believing — as they thought, accord- 
ing to the New Testament — that they should have 

" all things common," and that consequently " all 
the earth " and all that is upon it were the" Lord's " 
and therefore the property of his " saints," they 
were suspected, and correctly, too, of committing 
many of the deeds of larceny, robbery, etc., that 
were so rife throughout this country in those days. 
Hence a feeling of violence grew up between the 
Mormons and "anti-Mormons." In the State of 
Missouri the Mormons always supix)rted the Dem- 
ocracy until they were driven out by the Democratic 
government, when they turned their support to the 
Whigs. They were becoming numerous, and in the 
Legislature of 1840-1, therefore, it became a matter 
of great interest with both parties to conciliate these 
people. Through the agency of one John C. Ben- 
nett, a scamp, the Mormons succeeded in rushing 
through the Legislature (both parties not daring to 
oppose) a charter for the city of Nauvoo which vir- 
tually erected a hierarchy co-ordinate with the Fed- 
eral Government itself. In the fall of 184 1 the 
Governor of Missouri made a demand upon Gov. 
Carlin for the body of Joe Smith, the Mormon leader, 
as a fugitive from justice. Gov. Carlin issued th; 
writ, but for some reason it was returned unserved. 
It was ag.iin issued in 1842, and Smith was arrested, 
but was either rescued by his followers or discharged 
by the municipal court on a writ of habeas corpus. 

In December, i84r, the Democratic Convention 
nominated Adam W. Snyder, of Belleville, for Gov- 
ernor. As he had been, as a member of the Legisla- 
ture, rather friendly to the Mormons, the latter 
naturally turned their support to the Democratic 
party. The next spring the Whigs nominated Ex- 
Gov. Duncan for the same office. In the meantime 
the Mormons began to grow more odious to the 
masses of the people, and the comparative prospects 
of the respective parties for success became very 
problematical. Mr. Snyder died in May, and 
Thomas Ford, a Supreme Judge, was substituted as 
a candidate, and was elected. 

At the close of his gubernatorial term, Mr. Carlin 
removed back to his old home at Carrollton, where 
he spent the remainder of his life, £,; before his ele- 
vation to office, in agricultural pursuits. In 1849 
he served out the unexpired term of J. D. Fry in the 
Illinois House of Representatives, and died Feb. 4, 
1852, at his residence at Carrollton, leaving a wife 
and seven children. 





-sfeijCiju^ ->?=:S 

; i'- 


>rj jT^ 





jHOMAS FORD, Governor 

frum 1S42 to 1846, and au- 
thor of a very interesting 
history of Illinois, was born 
at Uniontown, Pa., in the 
year 1 800. His mother, after 
the death of her first hus- 
band (Mr. Forquer), married Rob- 
ert Ford, who was killed in 1802, 
by the Indians in the mountains 
of Pennsylvania. She was conse- 
quently left in indigent circum- 
stances, with a large family, mostly 
l^^gsv girls. With a view to better her 
condition, she, in 1804, removed to 
q^^^^'-Ak Missouri, where it had been cus- 
^W^ tomary by the Spanish Govern- 
ment to give land to actual settlers; but upon her 
arrival at St. Louis she found the country ceded to 
the United States, and the liberal policy toward set- 
tlers changed by the new ownership. After some 
sickness to herself and family, she finally removed to 
Illinois, and settled some three miles south of Water- 
loo, but the following year moved nearer the Missis- 
sippi bluffs. Here young Ford received his fir^t I 

schooling, under the instructions of a M •, Humphrey, 
for which he had to walk three miles. His mother, 
though lacking a thorough education, was a woman 
of superior mental endoivments, joined to energy 
and determination of character. She inculcated in 
her children those high-toned principles which dis- 
tinguished her sons in public life. She exercised a 
rigid economy to provide her children an education ; 
but George Forquer, her oldest son (six years older 
than Thomas Ford), at an early age had to quit 
school to aid by his labor in the support of the family. 
He afterward became an eminent man in Illinois 
affairs, and but for his early death would probably 
have been elected to the United States Senate. 

Young Ford, with somewhat better opportunities, 
received a better education, though limited to the 
curriculum of the common school of those pioneer 
times. His mind gave eariy promise of superior en- 
dowments, with an inclination for mathematics. His 
proficiency attracted the attention of Hon. Daniel P. 
Cook, wlic^ became his efficient patron and friend. 
The latter gentleman was an eminent iiunois states- 
man who, as a Member of Congress, obtained a grant 
of 300,000 acres of land to aid in completing the 
lUi.iois & Michigan Canal, and after whom the 
county of Cook was named. Tnrough the advice oi 


this gentleman, Mr. Ford turned his attention to the 
study of law; but Forquer, theu merchandising, re- 
garding his education defective, sent him to Transyl- 
vania University, where, however, he remained but 
one term, owing to Forquer's failure in business. On 
his return he alternated his law reading with teach- 
ir.g school for support. 

In 1829 Gov. Edwards appointed him Prosecuting 
Attorney, and in 1831 he was re-appointed by Gov. 
Reynolds, and after that he was four times elected a 
Judge by the Legislature, without opposition, twice a 
Circuit Judge, once a Judge of Chicago, and as As- 
sociate Judge of the Supreme Court, when, in 1841, 
the latter tribunal was re-organized by the addition 
of five Judges, all Democrats. Ford was assigned to 
the Ninth Judicial Circuit, and while in this capacity 
he was holding Court in Ogle County he received a 
notice of his nomination by the Democratic Conven- 
tion for the office of Governor. He immediately re- 
signed his place and entered upon the canvass. In 
August, 1842, he was elected, and on the Sth of De- 
cember following he was inaugurated. 

All the offices which he had held were unsolicited 
by him. He received them upon the true Jefferson- 
ian principle, — Never to ask .md never to refuse 
office. Both as a lawyer and as a Judge he stood 
deservedly high, but his cast of intellect fitted him 
rather for a writer upon law than a practicing advo- 
cate in the courts. In the latter capacity he was void 
of the moving power of eloquence, so necessary to 
success with juries. As a Judge his opinions were 
•ound, lucid and able expositions of the law. In 
practice, he was a stranger to the tact, skill and in- 
sinuating address of the politician, but he saw through 
;he arts of demagogues as well as any man. He was 
plain in his demeanor, so much so, indeed, that at 
one time after the expiration of his term of office, 
during a session of the Legislature, he was taken by 
a stranger to be a seeker for the position of door- 
keeper, and was waiied upon at his hotel near mid- 
night by a knot of small office-seekers with the view 
of effecting a " combination ! " 

Mr. Ford had not the " brass " of the ordinary 
politician, nor that impetuosity which characterizes a 
jx)litical leader. He cared little for money, and 
hardly enough for a decent support. In person he 
was of small stature, slender, of dark complexion, 
with black hair, sharp features, deep-set eyes, a 
pointed, aquiline nose having a decided twist to one 
side, and a small mouth. 

The three most important events in Gov. Ford's 
administration were the establishment o£ the high 
financial credit of the State, the " Mormon War "and 
;he Mexican War. 

In the first of these the Governor proved himself 
to be eminently wise. On coming into office he found 
the State liadly paralyzed by the ruinous effects of 
the notorious "internal improvement" schemes of 

the preceding decade, with scarcely anything to 
show by w.ay of "improvement." The enterprise 
that seemed to be getting ahead more than all the 
rest was the Illinois & .Michigan Canal. As this 
promised to be the most imixirtant tlioroughfare, 
feasible to the people, it was well under headway in 
its construction. Therefore the State policy was 
almost concentrated upon it, in order to rush it on tc 
completion. The bonded indebtedness of the State 
was growing so large as to frighten the people, and 
they were about ready to entertain a proposition for 
repudiation. But the Governor had the foresight to 
recommend such measures as would maintain the 
public credit, for which every citizen to-day feels 

But perhaps the Governor is remembered more for 
his connection with the Mormon troubles than for 
anything else; for it was during his term of office 
that the " Latter-Day Saints " became so strong at 
Nauvoo, built their temple there, increased their num- 
bers throughout the count-y, committed misdemean- 
ors, taught dangerous doctrines, suffered the loss of 
their leader, Jo Smith, by a violent death, were driven 
out of Nauvoo to the far West, etc. Having been a 
Judge for so many years previously, Mr. Ford of 
course was no i-committal concerning Mormon affairs, 
and was therefore claimed by both parties and also 
accused by each of sympathizing too greatly with the 
other side. Mormonism claiming to be a system of 
religion, the Governor no doubt was " between two 
fires," and felt compelled to touch the matter rather 
" gingerly," and doubtless felt greatly relieved when 
that pestilential peoj)le left the State. Such compli- 
cated matters, especially when religion is mixed up 
with them, expose every person participating in 
them to criticism from all parties. 

The Mexican War was begun in the spring of 
1845, and was continued into the gubernatorial term 
of Mr. Ford's suxessor. The Governor's connection 
with this war, however, was not conspicuous, as it 
was only administrative, commissioning officers, etc. 

Ford's " History of Illinois " is a very readable and 
entertaining work, 01450 small octavo pages, and is 
destined to increase in value with the lapse of time. 
It exhibits a flow of compact and forcible 
thought, never failing to convey the nicest sense. In 
tracing with his trenchant pen the devious operations 
of the professional politician, in which he is inimit- 
able, his account is open, perhaps, to the objection 
that all his contem[X)raries are treated as mere place- 
seekers, while many of them have since been judged 
by the people to be worthy statesmen. His writings 
seem slightly open to the criticism that they exhibit 
a little splenetic partiality against those of his con- 
temporaries who were prominent during his term of 
office as Governor. 

The death of Gov. Ford took place at Peoria, 111., 
Nov. 2, 1850. 





AtigustUH O. French 



^i^—.^^ — o<s6<lilSH<! 

Governor of Illinois from 
1846 to 1852, was born in 
the town of Hill, in the 
State of New Hampshire, 
Aug. 2, 1808. He was a 
descendant in the fourth 
generation ot Nathaniel 
French, who emigrated from England 
in 16S7 and settled in Saybury, Mass. 
In early life young French lost his 
father, but continued to receive in- 
struction from an exemplary and 
Christian mother until he was 19 years 
old, when she also died, confiding to 
his care and trust four younger broth- 
ers and one sister. He discharged his trust with 
parental devotion. His education in early life was 
such mainly as a common school afforded. For a 
Srief period he attended Dartmouth College, but 
from pecuniary causes and the care of his brothers 
and sister, he did not graduate. He subsequently 
read law, and was admitted to the Bar in 1831, and 
shortly afterward removed to Illinois, settling first at 
Albion, Edwards County, where he established him- 
self in the practice of law. The following year he 
removed to Paris, Edgar County. Here he attained 
eminence in his profession, and entered public life 
by representing that county in the Legislature. A 
strong attachment sprang up between him and Ste- 
phen .\. Douglas. 

In 1839. Mr. French was appointed Receiver of 
the Uiiieil States Land Office at Palestine, Craw- 
ford County, at which place he was a resident when 

elevated to the gubernatorial chair. In 1844 he was 
a Presidential Elector, and as such he voted for 
James K. Polk. 

The Democratic State Convention of 1846, meet- 
ing at Springfield Feb. 10, nominated Mr. French 
for Governor. Other Democratic candidates were 
Lyman Trumbull, John Calhoun (subsequently of 
Lecompton Constitution notoriety), Walter B. Scates. 
Richard M. Young and A. W. Cavarly,— an array of 
very able and prominent names. Trumbull was per- 
haps defeated in the Convention by the rumor that 
he was opposed to the Illinois and Michigan Canal, 
as he had been a year previously. For Lieutenant 
Governor J. B. Wells was chosen, while other candi- 
dates were Lewis Ross, Wm. McMurtry, Newton 
Cloud, J. B. Hamilton and W. W. Thompson. The 
resolutions declared strongly against the resuscita- 
tion of the old State Banks. 

The Whigs, who were in a hopeless minority, held 
their convention June 8, at Peoria, and selected 
Thomas M. Kilpatrick, of Scott County, for Governor, 
and Gen. Nathaniel G. Wilcox, of Schuyler, for 
Lieutenant Governor. 

In the campaign the latter exposed Mr. French's 
record and connection with the passage of the in- 
ternal improvement system, urging it against his 
election; but in the meantime the war with Mexico 
broke out, regarding which the Whig record was un- 
popular in this State. The war was the absorbing 
and dominating question of the period, sweeping 
every other political issue in its course. The elec- 
tion in August gave Mr. French 58,700 votes, and 
Kilpatrick only 36,775. Richard Eells, .Abolitionist 
candidate for the same office, received 5,152 vot»«s 


By the new Constitution of 1848, a new election for 
State officers was ordered in November of that year, 
before Gov. French's terra was half out, and he was 
re-elected for the term of four years. He was there- 
fore the for six consecutive years, the 
only Governor of this State who has ever served in 
that capacity so long at one time. As there was no 
organized opposition to his election, he received 67,- 
453 votes, to 5,639 for Pierre Menard (son of the 
first Lieutenant Governor), 4,748 for Charles V. 
Dyer, 3,834 for W. L. D. Morrison, and 1,361 for 
James L. D. Morrison. But Wm. McMurtry, of 
Knox County, was elected Lieutenant Governor, in 
place of Joseph B. Wells, who was before elected 
ai7.d did not run again. 

Governor French was inaugurated into office dur- 
ing the progress of the Me.^ican War, which closed 
during the summer of 1847, although the treaty of 
Guadalupe Hidalgo was not made until Feb. 2, 
1848. The iX)licy of Gov. French's party was com- 
mitted to that war, but in connection with that affair 
he was, of course, only an administrative officer. 
During his term of office, Feb. 19, 1847, the Legisla- 
ture, by special perinission of Congress, declared that 
all Government lands sold to settlers should be im- 
mediately subject to State taxation; before this they 
were exempt for five years after sale. By this ar- 
rangement the revenue was materially increased. 
About the same time, the distribution of Government 
.and warrants among the Mexican soldiers as bounty 
threw upon the market a great quantity of good 
lands, and this enhanced the settlement of the State. 
The same Legislature authorized, with the recom- 
mendation of the Governor, the sale of the Northern 
Cross Railroad (from Springfield to Meredosia, the 
first in the State and now a section of the Wabash, 
St. Louis & Pacific) It sold for $100,000 in bonds, 
ulthough it had cost the State not less than a million. 
The salt wells and canal lands in the Saline reserve- 
in Gallatin County, granted by the general Govern- 
ment to the State, were also authorized by the 
Governor to be sold, to apply on the State debt. In 
1850, for the first time since 1839, the accruing State 
revenue, exclusive of specific appropriations, was 
sufficient to meet the current demands upon the 
treasury. The aggregate taxable property of the 
State at this time was over $100,000,000, and the 
population 851,470. 

In 1849 the Legislature adopted the township or- 
ganization law, which, however, proved defectiKe, 
and was properly amended in 185 1. At its session 
in the latter year, the General Assembly also passed 
a law to exempt homesteads from sale 011 executions 
This beneficent measure had been repeatedly oiged 
upon that body by Gov. French. 

In 1850 some business men in St. Louis com- 
menced to build a dike opposite the lower part of 
their city on the Illinois side, to keep the Mississippi 
in its channel near St. Louis, instead of breaking 
away from them as it sometimes threatened to do. 
This they undertook without permission from the 
Legislature or Executive authority of this State ; and 
as many of the inhabitants tliera complained that 
the scheme would inundate and ruin much valuable 
land, there was a slight conflict of jurisdictions, re- 
sulting in favor of the St. Louis project; .nd since 
then a good site has existed there for a city (East St. 
Louis), and now a score of railroads center there. 

It was in September, 1850, that Congress granted 
to this State nearly 3,000,000 acres of land in aid of 
the completion of the Illinois Central Railroad, 
which constituted the most important epoch in the 
railroad — we might say internal improvement — his- 
tory of the State. The road was rushed on to com- 
pletion, which accelerated the settlement of the in- 
terior of the State by a good class of industrious citi- 
zens, and by the charter a good income to the State 
Treasury is paid in from the earnings of the road. 

In 1851 the Legislature passed a law authorizing 
free stock banks, which was the source of much leg- 
islative discussion for a number of years. 

But we have not space further to particularize 
concerning legislation. Gov. French's administra- 
tion was not marked by any feature to be criticised, 
while the country was settling up as never before. 

In stature, Gov. French was of medium height, 
squarely built, light complexioned, with ruddy face 
and pleasant countenance. In manners he was 
plain and agreeable. By nature he was somewhat 
diffident, but he was often very outspoken in his con- 
victions of duty. In public speech he was not an 
orator, but was chaste, earnest and persuasive. In 
business he was accurate and methodical, and in his; 
administration he kept up the credit of the State. 

He died in 1865, at his home in Lebanon, Sr. 
Clair Co., V.\. 


|(0el 3-V. 3-Ua-Mts 


lli|'%i^/lf" V'KL A. MATTESON, Governor 
w' '''''^l^L^ f^** 'S5 3-6, was burn Aug. 8, 1S08, 
''3 J' i^ilr'T ' ^' ''^ Jefferson County, New York, 
' 'X.'>i\^ f to which place his father had re- 
moved from Vermont three years 
before. His father was a f;irmer 
in fair circumstances, but a com- 
mon English education w;is all 
that his only son received. Young 
Joel first tempted fortune as a 
small tradesman in Prescott, 
Canada, before he was of age. 
He returned from that place to 
his home, entered an academy, 
taught school, visited the prin- 
cipal Eastern cities, improved a farm his father had 
given him, made a tour in the South, worked there 
in building railroads, experienced a storm on the 
Gulf of Mexico, visited the gold diggings of Northern 
Georgia, and returned via Nashville to St. Louis and 
through Illinois to his fatlier's home, when he mar- 
ried. In 1833, having sold his farm, he removed, 
with his wife and one child, to Illinois, and entered 
a claim on Government land near the head of Au 
Saljle River, in wliat is now Kendall County. At 
ihat time there were not more than two neighbors 
within a range of ten miles of his place, and only 
liree or fo ir houses betweeii him and Chicago. He 
opened a l.irge farm, His family was buardtd 12 

miles away while he erected a house on his claim, 

sleeping, daring this time, under a rude pole shed. 
Here his life was once placed in imminent peril by 
a huge prairie rattlesnake sharing his bed. 

In 1835 he bought largely at the Government land 
sales. During the speculative real-estate mania which 
broke out in Chicago in 1836 and spread over the State, 
he sold his lands under the inflation of that period 
and removed to Joliet. In 1838 he became a heavy 
contractor on the Illinois & Michigan Canal. Upon 
the completion of his job in 1841, when hard times 
prevailed, business at a stand, contracts paid in State 
scrip; when all the public works except the canal 
were abandoned, the State offered for sale 700 tons 
of railroad iron, which was purchased by Mr. Mat- 
teson at a bargain. This he accepted, shipped and 
sold at Detroit, realizing a very handsome profit, 
enough to pay off all his canal debts and leave him a 
surplus of several thousand dollars. His enterprise 
next prompted him to start a woolen mill at Joliet, 
in which he prospered, and which, after successive 
enlargements, became an enormous establishment. 

In 1842 he was first elected a State Senator, but, 
by a bungling apportionment, jc in Pearson, a Senator 
holding over, was found to be in the same distrlc;, 
and decided to be entitled to represent it. Mat- 
teson's seat was declared vacant. Pearson, however 
with a nobleness difficult to appreciate in this day of 



greed for office, unwilling to represent his district 
under the circumstances, immediately resigned his 
unexpired term of two years. A bill was passed in a 
few hours ordering a new election, and in ten days' 
time Mr. Matteson was returned re-elected and took 
his seat as Senator. From his well-known capacity 
as a business man, he was made Chairman of the 
Committee on Finance, a position he held during 
tliis lialf and two full succeeding Senatorial terms, 
discharging its imiMrtant duties with ability and faith- 
fulness. Besides his extensive woolen-mill interest, 
when work was resumed on the canal under the new 
loan of $[,600,000 he again became a heavy con- 
tractor, and also subsequently operated largely in 
building railroads. Thus he showed himself a most 
energetic and thorough business man. 

He was nominated for Governor by the Demo- 
cratic State Convention which met at Springfield 
April 20, 1852. Other candidates before the Con- 
vention were D. L. Gregg and F. C. Sherman, of 
Cook ; John Dement, of Lee ; Thomas L. Harris, of 
Menard; Lewis W. Ross, of Fulton ; and D. P. Bush, 
of Pike. Gustavus Koerner, of St. Clair, was nom- 
inated for Lieutenant Governor. For the same offices 
the Whigs nominated Edwin B. Webb and De-xter A. 
Kiiowlton. Mr. Matteson received 80,645 votes at 
the election, while Mr. Webb received 64,408. Mat- 
teson's forte was not on the stump; he had not cul- 
tivated the art of oily flattery, or the faculty of being 
all tilings to all men. His intellectual qualities took 
rather the direction of efficient executive ability. His 
turn consisted not so much in the adroit manage- 
ment of party, or the [wwerful advocacy of great gov- 
ernmental principles, as in those more solid and 
enduring operations which cause the physical devel- 
opment and advancement of a State, — of commerce 
and business enterprise, into which he labored with 
success to lead the people. As a politician he was 
just and liberal in his views, and both in official and 
private life he then stood untainted and free from 
blemish. As a man, in active benevolence, social 
rirtues and all the amiable qualities of neighbor or 
citizen, he had few superiors. His messages present 
a perspicuous array of facts as to the condition of the 
State, and are often couched in forcible and elegant 

The greatest excitement during his term of office 
was the repeal of the Missouri Compromise, by Con- 

gress, under the leadership of Stephen A. Douglas in 
1854, when the bill was passed organizing ilie Teni 
tory of Kansas and Nebraska. A large portion of 
the Whig party of the North, through their bitter op 
position to the Democratic party, naturally drifted 
into the doctrine of anti-slavery, and thus led to what 
was temporarily called the "Anti-Nebraska" party, 
while the followers of Douglas were known as " Ne- 
braska or Douglas Democrats." It was during this 
embryo stage of the Republican party that Abraham 
Lincoln was brought forward as the "Anti-Nebraska " 
candidate for the United States Senatorship, while 
Gen. James Shields, the incumbent, was re-noni- 
inated by the Democrats. But after a few ballotings 
in the Legislature (1855), these men were dropped, 
and Lyman Trumbull, an Anti-Nebraska Democrat, 
was brought up by the former, and Mr. Matteson, 
then Governor, by the latter. On the irth ballot 
Mr. Trumbull obtained one majority, and was ac- 
cordingly declared elected. Before Gov. Matteson 's 
term expired, the Republicans were fully organized 
as a national party, and in 1856 put into the field a 
full national and State ticket, carrying the State, but 
not the nation. 

The Legislature of r855 passed two very import- 
ant measures, — the present free-school system and a 
submission of the Maine liquor law to a vote of the 
people. The latter was defeated by a small majority 
of the popular vote. 

During the four years of Gov. Matteson 's admin- 
istration .the taxable wealth of the State was about 
trebled, from $137,8 r 8,07 9 to $349,95 1,272; the pub- 
lic debt w:is reduced from $17,398,985 to $[2,843,- 
144; taxation was at the same time reduced, and the 
State resumed paying interest on its debt in New 
York as fast as it fell due ; railroads were increased 
in their mileage from something less than 400 to 
about 3.000 ; and the population of Chicago was 
nearly doubled, and its commerce more than quad- 

Before closing this account, we regret that we have 
to say that Mr. Matteson, in all other respects an 
upright man and a good Governor, was implicated 
in a false re-issue of redeemed canal scrio, amount- 
ing to $224,182.66. By a suit in the Sangamon Cir- 
cuit Court the State recovered the principal and all. 
the interest excepting $27,500. 

He died in the winter of 1872-3, at Chicago., 






1 1 LIAM H. BISSELL, Gov- 
ernor 1857-60, was born 
Ajjril 25, iSii, in the 
State of New York, near 
Painted Post, Yates County. 
His parents were obscure, 
honest, God-fearing people, 
u lio re ired their children under the daily 
example of iiidustiy and frugality, accord- 
ing to the custom of that class of Eastern 
society. Mr. Bissell received a respecta- 
ble but not thorough academical education. 
By assiduous application he acquired a 
knowledge of medicine, and in his early 
manhood came West and located in Mon- 
roe County, this State, where he engaged in the 
practice of that profession. But he was not enam- 
ored of his calling: he was swayed by a broader 
ambition, to such an extent that the mysteries of the 
healing art and its arduous duties failed to yield him 
further any cliarms. In a few years he discovered 
his choice of a profession to be a mistake, and when 
he approached the age of 30 he sought to begin 
anew. Dr. Bissell, no doubt unexpectedly to him- 
self, discovered a singular facility and charm of 
speech, the exercise of which acquired for him a 
ready local notoriety. It soon came to be under- 

stood that he desired to abandon his profession and 
take up tliat of the law. During terms of Court he 
would spend his time at the county seat among the 
members of the Bar, who extended to him a ready 

It was not strange, therefore, that he should drift 
into public life. In r84o he was elected as a Dem- 
ocrat to the Legislature from Monroe County, and 
was an efficient member of that body. On his re- 
turn home he qualified himself for admission to the 
Bar and speedily rose to the front rank as an advo- 
cate. His powers of oratory were captivating. With a 
pure diction, charming and inimitable gestures, 
clearness of statement, and a remarkable vein of sly 
humor, his efforts before a jury told with irresistible 
effect. He was chosen by the Legislature Prosecut- 
ing Attorney for the Circuit in which he lived, and 
in tliat position he fully discharged his duty to the 
State, gained the esteem of the Bar, and seldom 
failed to convict the offender of the law. 

In stature he was somewhat tall and slender, and 
with a straight, military bearing, he presented a dis- 
tinguished appearance. His complexion was dark, 
his head well poised, though not large, his address 
pleasant and manner winning. He was exemplary 
in his habits, a devoted husband and kind parent. 
He was twice married, the first time to Miss James, 



ot Monroe County, by whom he had two children, 
both daughters. She died soon after the year 1840, 
and Mr. B. married for his second wife a daughter 
of Elias K. Kane, previously a United States Senator 
from this State. She survived hi•l^ but a short time, 
and died without issue. 

When the war with Mexico was declared in 1846, 
Mr. Bissell enlisted and was elected Colonel of his 
rcgi'iient, over Hon. Don Morrison, by an almost 
unanimous vote, — 807 to 6. Considering the limited 
opportunities he had had, he evinced a high order of 
military talent. On tlie bloody field of Buena Vista 
he acquitted himself with intrepid and distinguished 
ability, contributing with his regiment, the Second 
Illinois, in no small degree toward saving the waver- 
ing fortunes of our arms during that long and fiercely 
contested battle. 

After his return home, at the close of the war, he 
was elected to Congress, his opponents being the 
Hons. P. B. Fouke and Joseph Gillespie. He served 
two terms in Congress. He was an ardent politician. 
During the great contest of 1850 he voted in favor 
of the adjustment measures; but in 1854 he opposed 
the repeal of the Missouri Compromise act and 
therefore the Kansas-Mebraska bill of Douglas, and 
thus became identified with the nascent Republican 

During his first Cuiigressioaal term, while the 
Southern members were following their old practice 
of intimidating the North by bullying language, 
and claiming most of the credit for victories in the 
Mexican War, and Jefferson Davis claiming for the 
Mississippi troops all the credit for success at Buena 
Vista, Mr. Bissell bravely defended the Northern 
troops ; whereupon Davis challenged Bissell to a duel, 
which was accepted. This matter was brought up 
against Bissell when he was candidate for Governor 
and during liis term of office, as the Constitution of 
this State forbade any duelist from holding a State 

In 1856, when tlie Republican party first put fortii 
a candidate, John C. Fremont, for President of the 
United States, the same party nominated Mr. Bissell 
for Governor of Illinois, and John Wood, of Quincy, 
for Lieutenant Governor, while the Democrats nomi- 
nated Hon. W. A. Richardson, of Adams County, 
for Governor, and Col. R. J. Hamilton, of Cook 
Countv, for Lieutenant Governor. The result of the 

election was a plurality of 4,729 votes over Richard- 
son. The American, or Know-Nothing, party had a 
ticket in the field. The Legislature was nearly bal- 
anced, but was politically opposed to the Governor. 
His message to the Legislature was short and ratheJ 
ordinary, and was criticised for expressing the sup- 
posed obligations of the people to the incorporators 
of the Illinois Central Railroad Company and for re- 
opening the slavery question by allusions to the 
Kansas troubles. Late in the session an apportion- 
ment bill, based upon the State census of 1855, was 
passed, amid much partisan strife. The Governor 
at first signed the bill and then vetoed it. A furious 
debate followed, and the question whether the Gov- 
ernor h;id the authority to recall a signature was 
referred to the Courts, that of last resort deciding in 
favor of the Governor. Two years afterward another 
outrageous attempt was made for a re-apportionment 
and to gerrymander the State, but the Legislature 
failed to pass the bill over the veto of the Governor. 

It was during Gov. Bissell's administration that 
the notorious canal scrip fraud was brought to light, 
implicating ex-Gov. Matteson and other prominent 
State officials. The principal and interest, aggregat- 
ing $255,500, was all recovered by the State except- 
ing $27,500. (See sketch of Gov. Matteson.) 

In 1859 an attempt was discovered to fraudu- 
lently refund the Macalister and Stebbins bonds and 
thus rob the State Treasury of nearly a quarter of a 
million dollars. The State Government was impli- 
cated in this affair, and to this day remains unex- 
plained or unatoned for. For the above, and other 
matters previously mentioned. Gov. Bissell has been 
severely criticised, and he has also been most shame- 
fully libelled and slandered. 

On account of exposure in the army, the remote 
cause of a nervous form of disease gained entrance 
into his system and eventually developed paraplegia, 
affecting his lower extremities, which, while it left 
his body in comparative health, deprived him of loco- 
motion e.^ccept by the aid of crutches. While he was 
generally hopeful of ultimate recovery, this myste- 
rious disease pursued him, without once relaxing its 
stealthy hold, to the close of his life, March 18, 
i860, over nine months before tlie expiration o' hi-, 
gubernatorial term, at the early age of 48 years. He 
died in the faith of the Roman Catholic Church. o< 
which he har* been a member since 1854. 





iHNWOOD, Governo/ i86o-i,and 
i\ '' ^'^^ the first settler of Quincy, III., 
was born in the town of Sempro- 
<»; ll'vt*/ ^'^ nius (now Moravia), Cayuga Co., 

'via.t' ..^ei I^ .>■ N. Y., Dec. 20, 1798. He was 
the second child and only son of 
Dr. Daniel Wood. His mother, 
nee Catherine Crause, was of 
German parentage, and died 
while he was an infant. Dr. 
Wood was a learned and skillful 
physician, of classical attain- 
ments and proficient in several 
modern lai.guages, who, after 
serving throughout the Revolu- 
tionary War as a Surgeon, settled on the land granted 
him by the Government, and resided there a re- 
spected and leading influence in his section until his 
death, at the ripe age of 92 years. 

The subject of this sketch, impelled by the spirit 
of Western adventure then pervading everywhere, 
left his home, Nov. 2, 1818, and passed the succeed- 
ing winter in Cincinnati, Ohio. The following sum- 
mer he pushed on to Illinois, landing at Shawneetown, 
and spent the fall and following winter in Calhoun 
County. In 1820, in company with Willard Keyes, 
he settled in Pike County, about 30 miles southeast 
of Quincy, where for the ne.xt two years he pursued 
farming. In 1821 he visited "the Bluffs" (as the 
present site of Quincy was called, then uninhabited) 
and, pleased with its prospects, soon after purchased 
a quarter-section of land near by, and in the follow- 
ing fall (1822) erected near the river a small cabin. 

18 X 20 feet, the first building in Quincy, of which 
he then became the first and for some months the 
only occupant. 

About this time he visited his old friends in Pike 
County, chief of whom was William Ross, the lead- 
ing man in building up the village of Atlas, of that 
county, which was thought then to be the possible 
commencement of a city. One day they and others 
were traveling together over the country between the 
two points named, making observations on the com- 
parative merits of the respective localities. On ap- 
proaching the Mississippi near Mr. Wood's place, 
the latter told his companions to follow him and he 
would show them where he was going to build a city. 
They went about a mile off the main trail, to a high 
pwint, from which the view in every direction was 
most magnificent, as it had been for ages and as yet 
untouched by the hand of man. Before them swept 
by the majestic Father of Waters, yet unburdened by 
navigation. After Mr. Wood had expatiated at 
length on the advantages of the situation, Mr. Ross 
replied, " But it's too near Atlas ever to amount to 

Atlas is still a cultivated farm, and Quincy is a 
city of over 30,000 population. 

In 1824 Mr. Wood gave a newspaper notice, 
as the law then prescribed, of his intention to apply 
to the General Assembly for the formation of a new 
county. This was done the following winter, result- 
ing in the establishment of the present Adams 
County. During the next summer Quincy was se- 
lected as the county seat, it and the vicinity then 
containing but four adult male residents and half 



that number of females. Sinoe that period Mr. 
Wood resided at the place of his early adoption un- 
til his death, and far more tlian any other man was 
he identified with every measure of its progress and 
history, and almost continuously kept in public posi- 

He was one of the early town Trustees, and after 
the place became a city he was often a member of 
the City Council, many times elected Mayor, in the 
face of a constant large opposition political majority. 
In 1850 he was elected to the State Senate. In 1856, 
on the organization of the Republican party, he was 
chosen Lieutenant Governor of the State, on the 
ticket with Wm. H. Bissell for Governor, and on the 
death of the latter, March 18, i860, he succeeded to 
the Chief Executive cliair, which he occupied until 
Gov. Yates was inaugurated nearly ten months after- 

Nothing very marked characterized the adminis- 
tration of Gov. Wood. The great anti-slavery cam- 
paign of i860, resulting in tlie election of the honest 
Illinoisan, Abraham Lincoln, to the Presidency of the 
United States, occurred during the short period 
while Mr. Wood was Governor, and tiie excitement 
and issues of that struggle dominated over every 
other consideration, — indeed, supplanted them in a 
great measure. The people of Illinois, during all 
that time, were passing tlie comparatively petty strifes 
under Bissell's administration to the overwhelming 
issue of preserving the whole nation from destruction. 

In 1861 ex-Gov. Wood was one of the five Dele- 
gates from Illinois to the " Peace Convention " at 
Washingtoti, and in April of the san.e year, on the 
breaking opt of the Rebellion, he was appointed 

Quartermaster-General of the State, which position 
he held throughout the war. In 1864 he took com- 
mand as Colonel of the 137th 111. Vol. Inf, with 
whom he served until the period of enlistment ex- 

Politically, Gov. Wood was always actively identi- 
fied with tlie Whig and Republican parties. Few 
men have in personal experience comprehended so 
many surprising and advancing local changes as 
vested in the more than half century recollections of 
Gov. Wood. Sixty-four years ago a solitary settler 
on the "Bluffs," with no family, and no neighbor 
within a score of miles, the world of civilization away 
behind him, and the strolling red-man almost his 
only visitant, he lived to see growing around him, 
and under his auspices and aid, overspreading the 
wild hills and scraggy forest a teaming city, second 
only in size in the State, and surpassed nowhere in 
beauty, prosperity and promise; whose people recog- 
nize as with a single voice the proverbial honor and 
liberality that attach to the name and lengthened 
life of their pioneer settler, "the old Governor." 

Gov. Wood was twice married, — first in January, 
1826, to Ann M. Streeter, daughter of Joshua Streeter, 
formerly of Salem, Washington Co., N. Y. They had 
eight children. Mrs. W. died Oct. 8, 1863, and in 
June, 1S65, Gov. Wood married Mrs. Mary A., widow 
of Rev. Joseph T. Holmes. Gov. Wood died June 4, 
1880, at his residence in Quincy. Four of his eight 
children are now living, namely: Ann E., wife of 
Gen. John Tillson; Daniel C, who married Mary J. 
.'Vbernethy; John, Jr., who married Josephine Skinner, 
and Joshua S., who married Annie Bradley. The 
last mentioned now resides at Atchison, Kansas, and 
all the rest are still at Quincy. 


' Governor," 1861-4, was bom 
Jan. 18, 1818, on the banks of 
the Ohio River, at Warsaw, 
Gallatin Co., Ky. His lather 
moved in 1831 to Illinois, and 
fi-s ^ Uc "-^^ ^^"^"^ stopping for a time in 
ijTg^^^^ Springfield, settled at Island 

^^ij^'T'V Grove, Sangamon County. Here, 
s4.*'«Slii» ^fti^r attending school, Richard joined 
the family. Subsequently he entered 
'^^^^^ Illinois College at Jacksonville, 
J^^nL where, in 1837, he graduated with 

first honors. He chose for his pro- 
fession the law, the Hon. J. J. Har- 
din being his instructor. After ad- 
mission to the Bar he soon rose to distinction as an 

Gifted witli a fluent and ready oratory, he soon 
appeared in the political hustings, and, being a 
passionate admirer of the great Whig leader of the 
West. Henry Clay, he joined his political fortunes to 
he par.ty of his idol. In 1840 he engaged with great 
■■'dor in the exciting "hard cider" campaign for 
-.'arrison. Two years later he was elected to the 
Legislature from Morgan County, a Democratic 
nronghold. He served three or four terms in the 
I^egislature, and such was the fascination of his ora- 
ry that by 1850 his large Congressional District, 
I ^tending from Morgan and Sangamon Counties 
. jrth to include LaSalle, unanimously tendered htm 
t'i» Whig nomination for Congress. His Democratic 
opponent was Maj. Thomas L. Harris, a very pop- 
. 'ar man who had won distinction at the battle of 
^erro Gordo, in the Mexican War, and who had 
jeater. Mun. Stephen T. Logan for the same position. 

two years before, by a large majority. Yates waj 
elected. Two years later he was re-elected, over 
John Calhoun. 

It was during Yates second term in Congress that 
the great question of the repeal of the Missouri Com- 
promise was agitated, and the bars laid down for re- 
opening the dreaded anti-slavery question. He took 
strong grounds against the repeal, and thus became 
identified with the rising Republican party. Conse- 
quently he fell into the minority in his district, which 
was pro-slavery. Even then, in a third contest, he 
fell behind Major Harris only 200 votes, after the 
district had two years before given Pierce 2,000 
majority for President. 

The Republican State Convention of 1S60 met at 
Decatur May 9, and nominated for the office of Gov- 
ernor Mr. Yates, in preference to Hon. Norman B. 
Judd, of Chicago, and Leonard Swett, of Blnoming- 
ton, two of the ablest men of the State, who were 
also candidates before the Convention. Francis A. 
Hoffman, of DuPage County, was nominated fot 
Lieutenant Governor. This was the year when Mr. 
Lincoln was a candidate for President, a period re- 
membered as characterized by the great whirlpool 
which precipitated the bloody War of the Rebellion. 
The Douglas Democrats nominated J. C. Allen of 
Crawford County, for Governor, and Lewis W. Ro-s, 
of Fulton County, for Lieutenant Governor. The 
Breckenridge Democrats and the Bell-Everett party 
had also full tickets in the field. After a most fear- 
ful campaign, the result of the election gave Mr. 
Yates 172,196 votes, and Mr Allen 159,253. Mr. 
Yates received over a thousand more votes than did 
Mr. Lincoln himself. 

Gov. Yates occupied the chair of State during cne 



most critical period of our country's history. In the 
fate of the nation was involved that of each State. 
The life struggle of the former derived its sustenance 
from, the loyalty of the latter; and Gov. Yates 
seemed to realize the situation, and proved himself 
both loyal and wise in upholding the Government. 
He had a deep hold upon the affections of the 
people, won by his moving eloquence and genial 
manners. Erect and symmetrical in person, of pre- 
possessing appearance, with a winning address and a 
magnetic power, few men possessed more of the ele- 
ments of popularity. His oratory was scholarly and 
captivating, his hearers hardly knowing why they 
were transixjrted. He was social and convivial. In 
the latter respect he was ultimately carried too far. 

The very creditable military efforts of this State 
during the War of the Rebellion, in putting into the 
field the enormous number of about 200,000 soldiers, 
were ever promptly and ably seconded by his excel- 
lency; and the was ambitious to deserve the title of 
"the soldier's friend." Immediately after the battle of 
Shiloh he repaired to the field of carnage to look 
after the wounded, and his appeals for aid were 
promptly responded to by the people. His procla- 
mations calling for volunteers were impassionatc 
appeals, urging upon the people the duties and rer 
quirements of patriotism ; and his special message 
in iS6_^ to the Democratic Legislature of this State 
pleading for material aid for the sick and wounded 
soldiers of Illinois regiments, breathes a deep fervor 
of noble sentiment and feeling rarely equaled in 
beauty or felicity of expression. Generally his mes- 
sages on political and civil affairs were able and com- 
prehensive. During his administration, however, 
there were no civil events of an engrossing character, 
although two years of his time were replete wiih 
partisan quarrels of great bitterness. Military ar- 
rests. Knights of the Golden Circle, riot in Fulton 
County, attempted suppression of the Chicago Times 
and the usurping State Constitutional Convention of 
1862, were the chief local topics that were exciting 
during the Governor's term. This Convention assem- 
bled Jan. 7, and at once took the high position that 
'he law calling it was no longer binding, and that it 
.'.ad supreme power; that it represented a virtual 
assemblage of the whole people of the State, and was 
sovereign in the exercise of all power necessary lo 
effect a peaceable revolution of the State Government 

and to the re-establishment of one for the "happiness, 
prosperity and freedom of the citizens," limited only 
by the Federal Constitution. Notwithstanding the 
law calling the Convention required its members to 
take an oath to support the Constitution of the State 
as well as that of the general Government, they 
utterly refused to take such oath. They also as- 
sumed legislative powers and passed several import- 
ant "laws!" Interfering with the (tlien) present 
executive duties. Gov. Yates was -rovoked to tell 
them plainly that " he did not acknowledge the right 
of the Convention to instruct him in the performance 
of his duty." 

In 1863 the Governor astonished the Democrats 
by " proroguing " their Legislature. This body, after 
a recess, met June 2, that year, and soon began to 
waste time upon various partisan resolutions; and, 
while the two houses were disagreeing upon the 
question of adjourning .{/«<■ die, the Governor, having 
the authority in such cases, surprised them all by 
adjourning them " to the Saturday next i)receding the 
first Monday in January, 1865 ! " This led to great 
excitement and confusion, and to a reference of the 
Governor's act to the Supreme Court, who decided ir. 
his favor. Then it was the Court's turn to receive 
abuse for weeks and months afterward. 

During the autumn of 1864 a conspiracy was de- 
tected at Chicago which had for its object the liber- 
ation of the prisoners of war at Camp Douglas, the 
burning of the city and the inauguration of rebellioi 
in the North. Gen. Sweet, who had charge of the 
camp at the time, firs', liad his suspicions of danger 
aroused by a number of enigmatically worded letters 
which passed through the Camp postoffice. .A de- 
tective afterward discovered that the rebel Gen. 
Marmaduke was in the city, under an assumed 
name, and he, with other rebel officers — Grenfell, 
Morgan, Cantrell, Buckner Morris, and Charles 
Walsh — was arrested, most of whom were convicted 
by a court-martial at Cincinnati and sentenced to 
imprisonment, — Grenfell to be hung. The sentence 
of the latter was afterward commuted to imprison- 
ment for life, and all the otliers, after nine months' 
imprisonment, were pardoned. 

In March, 1873, Gov. Yates was appointed a Gov 
ernment Director of the Union Pacific Railroad, in 
which office he continued until his decease, at St. 
Louis, Mo., on the 27th of Novemlier following. 



RieJiard J. Oglesi 



ernor 1865-8, and re-elected 
in 1872 and 1884, was born 
July 25, 1824, in Oldham Co., 
Ky., — the State which might 
be considered the " mother of 
Illinois Gijvernors." Bereft of 
his parents at the tender age 
of eight years, his early education 
was neglected. When 12 years of 
age, and after he had worked a year 
and a half at the carpenter's trade, 
he removed with an uncle, Willis 
Oglesby, into whose care he had 
been committed, to Decatur, this 
State, where he continued his ap- 
prenticeship as a mechanic, working six months for 
Hon. E. O. Smith. 

In 1844 he commenced studying law at Spring- 
field, with Judge Silas Robbins, and read with him 
one year. He was admitted to the Bar in 1845, and 
commenced the practice of his chosen profession at 
Sullivan, the county seat of Moultrie County. 

The next year the war with Mexico was com- 
menced, and in June, 1846, Mr. Oglesby volunteered, 
was elected First Lieutenant of Co. C, Fourth Illinois 
Regiment of Volunteers, and participated in the bat- 
tles of Vera Cruz and Cerro Gordo. 

On his return he sought to perfect his law studies 
by attending a course of lectures at Louisville, but 
on the breaking out of the California "gold fever " in 
1849, lie crossed the plains and mountains to the 
new Eldorado, driving a six-mule team, with a com- 

pany of eight men, Henry Prather being the leader. 

In 1852 he returned home to Macon County, and 
was placed that year by the Whig party on the ticket 
of Presidential Electors. In 1856 he visited Europe, 
Asia and Africa, being absent 20 months. On his 
return home he resumed the practice of law, as a 
member of the firm of Gallagher, Wait & Oglesby. 
In 1858 he was the Republican nominee for the 
Lower House of Congress, but was defeated by the 
Hon. James C. Robinson, Democrat. In i860 he 
was elected to the Illinois State Senate ; and on the 
evening the returns of this election were coming in. 
Mr. Oglesby had a fisticuff encounter with " Cerro 
Gordo Williams," in which he came out victorious, 
and which was regarded as " the first fight of the 
Rebellion." The following spring, when the war 
had commenced in earnest, his ardent nature 
quickly responded to the demands of patriotism and 
he enlisted. Tlie extra session of the Legislature 
elected him Colonel of the Eighth Illinois Infantry, 
the second one in the State raised to suppress the 
great Rebellion. 

He was shortly entrusted with imiwrtant com- 
mands. For a time he was stationed at Bird's Point 
and Cairo; in April he was promoted Brigadier Gen- 
eral; at Fort Donelson his brigade was in the van, 
being stationed on the right of General Grant's army 
and the first brigade to be attacked. He lost 500 
men before re-inforcements arrived. Many of these 
men were from Macon County. He was engaged in 
the battle of Corinth, and, in a brave charge at this 
place, was shot in the left lung with an ounce ball, 
and was carried from the field in expectation of ina- 



mediate death. That rebel ball he carries to this 
day. On his partial recovery he was promoted as 
Major General, for gallantry, his commission to rank 
from November, 1862. In the spring of 1863 he 
was assigned to the command of the i6th Army 
Corps, but, owing to inability from the effects of his 
wound, he relinquished this command in July, that 
year. Gen. Grant, however, refused to accept his 
resignation, and he was detailed, in December follow- 
ing, to court-martial and try the Surgeon General of 
the Army at Washington, where he remained until 
May, 1864, when he returned home. 

The Republican, or Union, State Convention of 

1864 was held at Springfield, May 25, when Mr. 
Oglesby was nominated for the office of Governor, 
while other candidates before the Convention were 
Allen C. Fuller, of Boone, Jesse K. Dubois, of Sanga- 
mon, and John M. Palmer, of Macoupin. VVm. 
Bross, of Chicago, was nominated for Lieutenant 
Governor. On the Democratic State ticket were 
James C. Robinson, of ("lark, for Governor, and S. 
Corning Judd, of Fulton, for Lieutenant Governor. 
The general election gave Gen. Oglesby a majority 
of about 31,000 votes. The Republicans had also a 
majority in both the Legislature and in the repre- 
sentation in Congress. 

Gov. Oglesby was duly inaugurated Jan. 17, 1865. 
The day before the first time set for his installation 
death visited his home at Decatur, and look from it 
his only son, an intelligent and sprightly lad of si.ic 
years, a great favorite of the bereaved parents. This 
caused the inauguration to be postponed a week. 

The political events of the Legislative session of 

1865 were the election of ex-Gov. Yates to the 
United States Senate, and the ratification of the 13th 
amendment to the Constitution of the United States, 
abolishing slavery. This session also signalized 
itself by repealing the notorious " black laws," part 
of which, although a dead letter, had held their place 
upon the statute books since 1819. Also, laws re- 
quiring the registration of voters, and establishing a 
State Board of Equalization, were passed by this Leg- 
islature. But the same body evinced that it was cor- 
ruptly influenced by a mercenary lobby, as it adopted 
some bad legislation, over the Governor's veto, nota- 
bly an amendment to a charter for a Chicago horse 
railway, granted in 1859 for 25 years, and now 
sought to be extended 99 years. As this measure 
was promptly passed over his veto by both branches 
of the Legislature, he deemed it useless further to 
attempt to check their headlong career. At this 
session no law of a general useful character or public 
interest was perfected, unless we count such the 
turning oVer of the canal to Chicago to be deepened. 
The session of 1867 was still more productive of 
private and special acts. Many omnibus bills were 
proposed, and some passed. The contests over tlie 
^Dcation of the Industrial College, the Capital, tlie 

Southern Penitentiary, and the canal enlargement 
and Illinois River improvement, dominated every- 
thing else. 

During the year 1872, it became evident that if 
the Republicans could re-elect Mr. Oglesby to the 
office of Governor, they cotild also elect him to the 
United States Senate, which they desired to do. 
Accordingly they re-nominated him for the Execu- 
tive chair, and placed upon the ticket with him for 
Lieutenant Governor, John L. Beveridge, of Cook 
County. On the other side the Democrats i)ut into 
the field Gustavus Koerner for Governor and John 
C. Black for Lieutenant Governor. The election 
gave the Republican ticket majorities ranging from 
3S'334 to 56,174, — the Democratic defection being 
caused mainly by their having an old-time Whig and 
Abolitionist, Horace Greeley, on the national ticket 
for President. According to the general understand- 
ing had beforehand, as soon as the Legislature met 
it elected Gov. Oglesby to the United States Senate, 
whereupon Mr. Beveridge became Governor. Sena- 
tor Oglesby 's term expired March 4, 1S79, having 
served his party faithfully and exhibited an order of 
statesmanship beyond criticism. 

During the campaign of 1884 Mr. Oglesby was 
nominated for a "third term" as Executive of the 
State of Illinois, against Carter H. Harrison, Mayor 
of Chicago, nominated by the Democrats. Both 
gentlemen "stumped " the State, and while the peo- 
ple elected a Legislature which was a tie on a joiiv; 
ballot, as between the two parties, they gave tlie 
jovial " Dick" Oglesby a majority of 15,018 for Gov- 
ernor, and he was inaugurated Jan. 30, 1S85. The 
Legislature did not fully organize until this date, on 
account of its equal division between the two main 
parties and the consequent desperate tactics of eacl: 
party to checkmate the latter in the organization of 
the House. 

Gov. Oglesby is a fine-appearing, affable man, with 
regular, well defined features and rotund face. In 
stature he is a little above medium height, of a large 
frame and somewhat fleshy. His physical appear- 
ance is striking and prepossessing, while his straight- 
out, not to say bluff, manner and speech are wel. 
calcuL^Ued favorably to impress the average masses. 
Ardent in feeling and strongly committed to the pol- 
icies of his party, he intensifies Republicanisn: 
among Republicans, while at the same time his jovia. 
and liberal manner prevents those of the opposite 
party from hating him. 

He is quite an effective stump orator. With vehe- 
ment, passionate and scornful tone and gesture'., 
tremendous physical power, which in speak'ng ho 
exercises to the utmost ; with frequent descents to 
the grotesque; and with abundant homely compari- 
sons or frontier figures, expressed in the broadest 
vernacular and enforced with stentorian e::ii;hasis, 
he delights a promiscuous audience beyond measure 

cm^k (Pa 




./ HS M. Fal mer 

■'.; l'.^'^^'l'»;"l'.; i'd'.v i'h^ji'^;^' ; i' : i' /:^i 






[%*■ eriior 1869-72, was born on 
','j E:igle Creek, Scott Co., Ky , 

t" \t^\' Sept. 13, 1817. During his in- 

"W.""^ • »l%d!l r- fancy, his father, who had been 
a soldier in the wur of 1812, re- 
moved to Christian Co., Ky., 
wliere lands were cheap. Here 
the future Governor of the great 
'Jm^ Prairie State spent his childliood 

and received such meager school 
ing as the new and sparsely set- 
tled country afforded. To this 
he added materially by diligent 
reading, for which he evinced an 
eaily aptitude. His father, an ardent Jackson man, 
was also noted for his anti-slavery sentiments, which 
he thoroughly impressed upon his children. In 1831 
he emigrated to Illinois, settling in Madison Comity. 
Hltc the labor of improving a farm was pursued for 
abiiut two years, when the death of Mr. Palmer's 
nioiher broke up the family. About this time Alton 
College was opened, on the "manual labor " system, 
and in the spring of 1834 young Palmer, with his 
elder lirother, Elilui, entered this school and remained 
18 months. Next, for over three years, he tried 
variously coopering, peddling and school-teaching. 

Duiing the summer of 1838 he formed the ac- 
quain?;ince of Siei^ilien A Douglas, then making his 

first canvass for Congress. Young, eloquent and in 
political accord with Mr. Palmer, he won his confi- 
dence, Sred his ambition and fixed his purpose. The 
following winter, while teaching near Canton, he be- 
gan to devote his spare time to a desultory reading 
of la.v, and in the spring entered a law office at Car- 
liiiville, making his home with his elder brother, 
Elihu. (The latter was a learned clergyman, of con- 
siderable orginaliiy of thought and doctrine.) On 
the next meeting of the Supreme Court he was ad- 
mitted to the Bar, Douglas being one of his examiners. 
He was not immediately successful in his profession, 
and would have located elsewhere than Carlinville 
had he the requisite means. Thus his early poverty 
was a blessing in disguise, for to it he now attributes 
the success of his life. 

From 1839 on, while he diligently pursued his 
profession, he participated more or less in local 
politics. In 1843 he became Probate Judge. Ir 
1847 he was elected to the State Constitutional Con 
vention, where he took a leading part. In 1852 ht, 
was elected to the State Senate, and at the special 
session of February, 1854, true to the anti-slaverj 
sentiments bred in him, he took a firm stand in op 
position to the repeal of the Missouri Compromise, 
and when the Nebraska question became a part; 
issue he refused to receive a re-nomination for tin 
Senatorship at the hands of the Democracy, issuinj, 
a circular to that efTect, A few weeks afterward 



however, hesitating to break with his party, he par- 
ticipated in a Congressional Convention which nouii- 
T. L. Harris against Richard Yates, and which 
unqualifiedly approved the principles of the Kansas- 
Nebraska act. But later in the campaign he made 
the plunge, ran for the Senate as an Anti-Nebraska 
Democrat, and was elected. The following winter 
ne put in nomination for the United States Senate 
Mr. Trumbull, and was one of the five steadfast men 
who voted for him until all the Whigs came to their 
support and elected their man. 

In 1856 he was Chairman of the Republican State 
Convention at Bloomington. He ran for Congress in 
1859, but was defeated. In i860 he was Republican 
Presidential Elector for the State at large. In 1861 
ne was appointed one of the five Delegates (all Re- 
publicans) sent by Illinois to the peace congress at 

When the civil conflict broke out, he offered his 
services to his country, and was elected Colonel of the 
•4th 111. Vol. Inf, and participated in the engagements 
at Island No. 10 ; at Farmington, where he skillfully 
extricated his command from a dangerous position ; 
at Stone River, where his division for several hours, 
Dec. 31, 1862, held the advance and stood like a 
rock, and for his gallantry there he was made M;ijor 
General; at Chickamauga, where his and Van Cleve's 
divisions for two hours maintained their position 
when they were cut off by overpowering numbers 
Under Gen. Sherman, he was assigned to the i4lh 
Army Corps and participat:d in the .Atlanta campaign. 
At Peach-Tree Creek his prudence did much to avert 
disaster. In February, 1865, Gen. Palmer was as- 
signed to the military administration of Kentucky, 
which was a delicate post. That State was about 
half rebel and half Union, and those of tlio latter 
element were daily fretted by the loss of their slaves. 
He, who had been bred to the rules of common law, 
trembled at the contemplation of his extraordinary 
power ovjr the persons and property of his fellow 
men, with which he was vested in his capacity as 
military Governor; and he exhibited great caution in 
the execution of the duties of his post. 

Gen. Palmer was nominated for Governor of Illi- 
nois Ijy the Republican State Convention which met 
at Peori I May 6, 1868, and his nomination would 
probably liave been made by acclamation had he not 
persistently declared that he could not accept a can- 

didature for the office. The result of the ensuing 
election gave Mr. Palmer a m.ijjrity of 44,707 over 
John R. Eden, the Dvjmocratic nominee. 

Oi the meeting of the Legislature in January, 
1869, the first thing to arrest public attention was 
that portion of tlie Governor's message which took 
broad Slate's rights ground. This and some minor 
pjints, which were more in keeping with the Demo- 
cratic sentiment, constituted the entering wedge f)r 
the criticisms and reproofs he afterward received 
f 10 n the Republican party, and ultimuely resulted 
in his entire aleniaMon from the litter element. The 
Legislature just referred to was r.oted for the intro- 
duction of numerous bills in the interest of private 
parties, whicli were embarrassing to the Governor. 
Among the public acts passed was that which limited 
railroad charges for passenger travel to a maximum 
of three cents per mile; aid it was passed over the 
Governor's veto. Also, they passed, over his veto, 
the "tax-grabbing law" to pay r^.ilroed subscriptions, 
the Chicago Lake Front bill, etc. The sew State 
Constitution of [870, far superior to the old, was a 
peaceful " revolution" which took place during Gov. 
Palmer's term of office. The suffering caused by the 
great Chicago Fire of October, 1871, was greatly 
alleviated by the prompt responses of his excellency. 

Since the expiration of Gov. Palmers 's term, he has 
been somewhat prominent in Illinois politics, and been talked of by many, especially in the Dem- 
ocratic party, as the best man in the State for a 
United States Senator. His business during life has 
been that of tlie law. Few excel him in an accurate 
appreciation of the depth and scope of its principles- 
The great number of his able veto messages abun- 
dantly testify not only this but also a rare capacity to 
|)oint them out. He is a logical and cogent reasoner 
arid an interesting, forcible and convincing speaker, 
though not fluent or ornate. Without brilliancy, his 
dealings are rather with facts and ideas than with 
appeals to passions and prejudices. He is a patriot 
and a statesman of very high order. Physically lie is 
above the medium height, of robust frame, ruddy 
complexion and sanguine-nervous temperament He 
has a large cranial development, is vivacious, social 
in disposition, easy of approach, unostentatious in his 
habits of life, democratic in liis habits and manners 
and is a true American in liis fundamental princi[)le' 
of statesmansliii . 

Jlr^^^X^^ /Ju^v^^^oUc^ 



X^A f ®l\«|. %. jPf f^f fltlgf 

.a' •a'iSi'^'^^'^'a? 

IDGE, Governor 187 3-6, was 
born in the town of Green- 
wich, Washington Co., N. Y., 
July 6, 1824. His parents 
were George and Ann Bever- 
•',) idge. His father's parents, An- 
drew and Isabel Beveridge, be- 
fore their marriage emigrated 
from Scotland just before the 
Revolutionary War, settling in 
Washington County. His father 
- ' >| was the eldest of eight brothers, the 
^ _^j voungest of whom was 60 years of 
age when the first one of the num- 
ber died. His mother's parents, 
James and Agnes Hoy, emigrated 
from Scodand at the close of the 
Revolutionary War, settling also in 
;itl Washington Co., N. Y., with their 
first-born, whose " native land "was 
the wild ocean. His parents and 
grandparents lived beyond the time 
allotted to man, their average age 
being over 80 years. They belonged to the " .Asso- 
ciate Church," a seceding Presbyterian body of 

.\merica from the old Scotch school ; and so rigid 
was the training of young Beveridge that he neve: 
heard a sermon from any other minister except that 
of his own denomination until he was in his 19th 
year. Later in life he became a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, which relation he still 

Mr. Beveridge received a good common-school ed- 
ucation, but liis parents, who could obtain a livelihood 
only by rigid economy and industry, could not send 
him away to college. He was raised ujxsn a farm, 
and was in his i8th year when the family removed 
to De Kalb County, this State, when that section was 
very sparsely settled. Chicago had less than 7,000 
inhabitants. In this wild West he continued as a 
farm laborer, teaching school during the winter 
months to supply the means of an education. In the 
fall of 1842 he attended one term at the academy at 
Granville, Putnam Co., 111., and subsequently several 
terms at the Rock River Seminary at Mount Morris, 
Ogle Co., III., completing the academic course. At 
this time, the fall of 1845, his parents and brothers 
were anxious to have him go to college, even though 
he had not money sufficient; but, n .t willing to bur- 
den the family, he packed his trunk and with only 
$40 in money sUrted South to seek his fortune 



Poor, alone, without friends and influence, he thus 
entered upon the battle of life. 

First, he taught school in Wilson, Overton and 
Jackson Cos., Tenn., in which experience he under- 
went considerable mental drill, both in book studies 
and in the ways of the world. He read law and was 
admitted to the Bar, in the South, but did not learn 
to love the institution of slavery, although he ad- 
mired many features of Southern character. In De- 
cember, 1847, he returned North, and Jan. 20, 1848, 
he married Miss Helen M. Judson, in the old Clark- 
Street M. E. church in Chicago, her father at that 
time being Pastor of the society there. In the spring 
of 1848 he returned with his wife to Tennessee, 
where his two children. Alia May and Philo Judson, 
were born. 

in the fall of 1849, through the mismanagement 
of an associate, he lost what little he had accumu- 
lated and was left in debt. He soon managed to 
earn means to pay his debts, returned to De Kalb 
Co., 111., and entered upon the practice of his pro- 
fession at Sycamore, the county seat. On arrival 
from the South he had but one-quarter of a dollar in 
money, and scanty clothing and bedding for himself 
and family. He borrowed a little money, pnicticed 
^aw, worked ill public offices, kept books for some of 
the business men of the town, and soine railroad en- 
gineering, till the spring of 1854, when he removed 
to Evanston, 12 miles north of Chicago, a place then 
but recently laid out, under the supervision of the 
Northwestern University, a Methodist institution. 
Of the latter his father-in-law was then financial 
agent and business manager. Here Mr. Beveridge 
prospered, and the next year (1855) opened a law 
office in Chicago, where he found the battle some- 
what hard; but he persevered with encouragement 
and increasing success. 

Aug. 12, 1861, his law partner. Gen. John F. 
Farnsworth, secured authority to raise a regiment of 
cavalry, and authorized Mr. Beveridge to raise a 
company forit. He succeeded in a few days in rais- 
ing the company, of course enlisting himself along 
with it. The regiment rendezvoused at St. Charles, 
m., was mustered in Sept. 18, and on its organiza- 
tion Mr. B. was elected Second Major. It was at- 
tached, Oct. II, to the Eighth Cav.ilry and to the 
Army of the Potomac. He served with the regiment 
until November, 1863, participating in some 40 bat- 

tles and skirmishes : was a\ Fair Oaks, llie seven days 
fight around Riclimond, Fredericksburg, Chancellors- 
ville and Gettysburg. He commanded tlie regiment 
the greater part of the summer of 1863, and it was while 
lying in camp this year that he originated the policy 
of encouraging recruits as well as the fighting capac- 
ity of the soldiery, by the wholesale furlough system 
It worked so well that many other officers adopted 
it. In the fall of this year he recruited anothercom- 
pany, against heavy odds, in January, 1864, was 
commissioned Colonel of the 17th 111. Cav., and 
skirmished around in Missouri, concluding with the 
reception of the surrender of Gen. Kirby Smith's 
army in Arkansas. In 1865 he commanded various 
sub-districts in the Southwest. He was mustered 
out Feb. 6, 1866, s:ife from the casualties of war and 
a stouter man than when he first enlisted. His men 
idolized him. 

He then returned to Chicago, to practice law, with 
no library and no clienla-e, and no political experi- 
ence except to help others iito office. In the fall of 
1866 he was elected Sheriff of Cook County, serving 
one term; next, until November, 1870, he practiced 
law and closed up the unfinishtd business of his 
office. He was then elected State Senator; in No- 
vember, 187 I, he was elected Congressman at large; 
in November, 1872, he was elected Lieutenant Gov- 
ernor on the ticket with Gov. Oglesby ; the latter be- 
ing elected to the U. S. Senate, Mr. Beveridge became. 
Governor, Jan. 21, 1873 Thus, inside of a few 
weeks, he was Congressma 1 at large. Lieutenant 
Governor and Governor. The principal events oc- 
curring during Gov. Beveridge 's administration were: 
The completion of the revision of tlie statutes, begun 
in 1869; the partial success of t'v; " farmers' move- 
ment;" " Haines' Legislature " a id IlUiiois' exhibit at 
the Centennial. 

Since the close of his gubernatorial term ex-Gov 
Beveridge has been a member of tlie firm of Bever- 
idge & Dewey, bankers and dealers in commercial 
paper at 71 Dearborn Street (McCormick Block), 
Chicago, and since November, iSSi, he has also been 
-Assistant United States Treasurer- office in the 
Government Building. His residence is still at Ev- 

He has a brother and two sisters yet residing in 
De KaU) County — James H. Beveridge, Mrs. Jennet 
Henry and Mrs Isabel French. 



Shelby M. €ii.]a)m. 

nor 1877-83, ib the sixLh child 
of the late Richard N. Cullom, 
and was born Nov. 22, 1829,111 
Wayne Co., Ky., wliere his fa- 
ther then resided, and whence 
both the Ilhnois and Tennessee 
branches of the family originated. In 
the following year the family emi- 
grated to the vicinity of Washington, 
Tazewell Co., 111., when that section 
was very sparsely settled. They lo- 
cated on Deer Creek, in a grove at 
the time occupied by a party of In- 
dians, attracted there by the superior 
hunting and fishing afforded in that 
vicinity. The following winter was 
known as the " hard winter," the snow being very 
deep and lasting and the weather severely cold; and 
the family had to subsist mainly on boiled corn or 
hominy, and some wild game, for several weeks. In 
the course of time Mr. R. N. Cullom became a prom- 
inent citizen and was several times elected to the 
Legislature, both before and after the removal of the 
caviital from Vandalia to Springfield. He died about 

Until about 19 years of age young Cullom grew up 

tc agricultural pursuits, attending school as he had 

'DDortunity during the winter. Within this time, 

ov/ever, lie spent several months teaching ^rhool. 

and m the following summer he "broke prairie "with 
an ox team for the neighbors. With the money ob- 
tained by these various ventures, he undertook a 
course of study at the Rock River Seminary, a 
Methodist institution at Mt. Morris, Ogle County: 
but the sudden change to the in-door life of a stu- 
dent told severely upon his health, and he was taken 
home, being considered in a hopeless condition. While 
at Mt. Morris lie heard Hon. E. B. V/ashburne make 
his first speech. 

On recovering health, Mr. Cullom concluded to 
study law, under the instruction of Abraham Lincoln, 
at Springfield, who had by this time attained some 
notoriety as an able lawyer; but the latter, being ab- 
sent from his office most of the time, advised Mr. 
Cullom to enter the office of Stuart & Edwards. 
After about a year of study there, however, his healtb 
failed again, and he was obliged to return once more 
to out-door life. Accordingly he bought hogs for 
packing, for A. G. Tyng, in Peoria, and while he re- 
gained his health he gained in purse, netting $400 in 
a few weeks. Having been admitted to the, he 
went to Springfield, where he was soon elected City 
Attorney, on the .\nti-Nebraska ticket. 

In 1856 he ran on the Fillmore ticket as a Presi- 
dential Elector, and, although failing to be elected as 
such, he was at the same time elected a Representa- 
tive in the Legislature from Sangamon County, by a 
local coalition of the American and Republican par- 
ties. On the organization of the House, he received 
the vote of the Fillmore men for Speaker. Practictr^ 



law uiiiil iS6o, he was again elected to the Legisla- 
ture, as a Republican, while the county went J)emo- 
tr.itic on the Presidential ticket. In January foUow- 
inji he was elected Speaker, probably th^ youngest 
man who had ever presided over an Illinois Legis- 
lature. After the session of 1861, he was a candidate 
for the State Constitutional Convention called for 
that year, but was defeated, and thus escaped the 
disgiace of being connected with that abortive party 
scheme to revolutionize the State Government. In 
1862 he was a candidate for the State Senate, but 
was defeated. The same year, however, he was ap- 
pointed by President Lincoln on a Government 
Commission, in company with Gov. Boutwell of 
Massachusetts and Cnarles A. Dana, since of the 
Ntw York Sun, to investigate the affairs of the 
Quartermaster's and Commissary Departments at 
Cairo. He devoted several months to this duty. 

In 1864 he entered upon a larger political field, 
being nominated as the Republican candidate for 
Congress from the Eighth (Springfield) District, in 
opposition to the incumbent, JohnT. Stuart, who had 
been elected in 1862 by about 1,500 majority over 
Leonard Swett, then of Bloomington, now of Chicago. 
The result was the election of Mr. Cullom in Novem- 
ber following by a majority of 1,785. In 1866 he 
was re-elected to Congress, over Dr. E. S. Fowler, by 
the magnificent majority of 4,103! In 1868 he was 
again a candidate, defeating the Hon. B. S. Edwards, 
anr)tlier of his old preceptors, by 2,884 votes. 

During his first term in Congress he served on the 
Committee on Foreign Affairs and Expenditures in 
the Treasury Department; in his second term, on 
the Committees on Foreign Affairs and on Territories ; 
and in his third term he succeeded Mr. Ashley, of 
Oliio, to the Chairmanship of the latter. He intro- 
duced a bill in the House, to aid in the execution of 
law ill Utah, which caused more consternation among 
the Mormons than any measure had previously, but 
'.vhicli, though it passed the House, failed to pass the 

The Republican Convention which met May 25, 
1876, nominated Mr. Cullom for Governor, while the 
other contestant was Gov. Beveridge. For Lieuten- 
ant-Governor they nominated Andrew Shuman, editor 
of the Chicago Journal. For the same offices the 
Democrats, combining with the Anti-Monopolists, 
Dlaced in nomination Lewis Steward, a wealthy 

farmer and manufacturer, and A. A. Glenn. The 
result of the election was rather close, Mr. Cullom 
obtaining only 6,800 majority. He was inaugurated 
Jan. 8, 1877. 

Great depression prevailed in financial circles at 
this time, as a consequence of the heavy failures of 
1873 and afterward, the effect of wliich had seemed 
to gather force from that time to the end of Gov. 
CuUom's first administration. This unspeculative 
period was not calculated to call forth any new 
issues, but the Governors energies were at one time 
put to task to quell a spirit of insubordination that 
had been begun in Pittsburg, Pa., among the laboring 
classes, and transferred to Illinois at Chicago, East 
St. Louis and Braidwood, at which places laboring 
men for a short tune refused to work or allow others 
to work. These disturbances were soon quelled and 
the wheels of industry again set in motion. 

In May, 1880, Gov. Cullom was re-nominated by 
the Republicans, against Lyman Trumbull, by tlie 
Democrats; and although theformer party was some- 
what handicapped in the campaign by a zealous 
faction opposed to Grant for President and to Grant 
men for office generally, Mr. Cullom was re-elected 
by about 314,565, to 277,532 forthe Democratic State 
ticket. The Greenback vote at the same tmie was 
about 27,000. Both Houses of the Legislature again 
became Republican, and no representative of the 
(jreenback or Socialist parties were elected. Gov. 
Cullom was inaugurated Jan. 10, iS8t. In his mes- 
sage he announced that the last dollar of the State 
debt had been provided for. 

March 4, 1883, the term of David Davis as United 
States Senator from Illinois expired, and Gov. Cul- 
lo n was cliosen to succeed him. This promoted 
Lieutenant-Governor John M. Hamilton to the Gov- 
ernorship. Senator CuUom's term in tlie United 
St.-ttes Senate will expire March 4, 1889. 

As a practitioner oflaw Mr. C. has been a member 
of the firm of Cullom, Scholes & Mather, at Spring- 
field; and he has also been President of the State 
National Bank. 

He has been married twice, — the first time Dec. 
1 1!, 1855, to Miss Hannah Fisher, by whom he had 
t\*o daughters; and the second time May 5, 1863, 
to Julia Fisher. Mrs. C is p. member of the Method - 
isl Episcopal Church, with which religious body Mi. 
C. is also in sympathy. 





- ":. — S 'JisHJi^'^ 

TON, Governor 1883-5, ^^^ 
born May 28, 1847, in a log 
house upon a farm about two 
miles from Richwood, Union 
County, Ohio. His father was 
Samuel Hamilton, the eldest son 
of Rev. Wni. Hamilton, who, to- 
gether with his brother, the Rev. 
Samuel Hamilton, was among the 
early pioneer Methodist preachers in 
Ohio. The mother of the subject of 
this sketch was, before her marriage, 
Mrs. Nancy McMorris, who was 
born and raised in Fauquier or Lou- 
doun County, Va., and related to the 
two large families of Youngs and Marshalls, well 
known in that commonwealth; and from the latter 
family name was derived the middle name of Gov. 

In March, 1854, Mr. Hamilton's tether sold out 
his little pioneer forest home in Union County, O., 
and, loading his few household effects and family 
(of six children) into two emigrant covered wagons, 
moved to Roliens Township. Marshall Co., 111., being 
21 days on the route. Swamps, unbridged streams 
and innumerable hardships and privations met them 
on their way. Their new home had been previously 
selected by the faiher. Here, after many long years 
oftoil, tliey succeeded in paying for the land and 
.nakir.g a comfort''''-^ home. John was, of course, 

brought up to hard manual labor, with no schooling 
except three or four months in the year at a common 
country school. However, he evinced a capacity 
and taste for a high order of self-education, by 
studying or reading what books be could borrow, as 
the family had but very few in the house. Much of 
his study he prosecuted by the light of a log fire in 
the old-fashioned chimney place. The financial 
panic of 1857 caused the family to come near losing 
their liome, to pay debts ; but the father and two 
sons, William and John, "buckled to" and perse- 
vered in hard labor and economy until they redeemed 
their place from the mortgage. 

When the tremendous excitement of the political 
campaign of i860 reached the neighborhood of Rob- 
erts Township, young Hamilton, who had been 
brought up in the doctrine of anti-slavery, took a zeal- 
ous part in favor of Lincoln's election. Making special 
efforts to procure a little money to buy a uniform, he 
joined a company of Lincoln Wide-Awakes at Mag- 
nolia, a village not far away. Directly after the 
ensuing election it became evident that trouble 
would ensue with the South, and this Wide-Awake 
company, like many others throughout the country, 
kept up its organization and transformed itself into a 
military company. During the ensuing summer they 
met often for drill and became proficient; but when 
they offered themselves for the v.-ar, young Hamilton 
was rejected on account of his youth, he being then 
but 14 years of age. During the winter of 1863-4 he 
attended an academy at Henry, Marshall County, 



and in the following May he again enlisted, for the 
fourth time, when he was placed in the 141st 111. 
Vol. Inf., a regiment then being raised at Elgin, 111., 
for the 100-day service. He took with him 13 other 
lads from his neighborhood, for enlistment in the 
service. This regiment operated in Southwestern 
Kentucky, for about five months, under Gen. Paine. 

The following winter, 1864-5, Mr. Hamilton taught 
school, and during the two college years 1865-7, he 
went through three years of the curriculum of the 
Ohio Wesleyan University at Delaware, Ohio. The 
third year he graduated, the fourth in a class of 46, 
in the classical deparutient. In due time he received 
the degree of M. A. For a few months he was the 
Principal of Marshall " College '" at Henry, an acad- 
emy under the auspices of the M. E. Church. By 
this lime he had commenced the study of law, and 
after earning some money as a temporary Professor 
of Latin at the Illinois VVesleyaa University at 
Bloomington, he entered the law office of Weldon, 
Tipton & Benjamin, of that city. Each member of 
this firm has since been distinguished as a Judge. 
Admitted to the Bar in May, 1870, Mr. Hamilton 
was given an interest in the same firm, Tipton hav- 
ing been elected Judge. In October following he 
formed a partnership with J. H. Rowell, at that time 
Prosecuting Attorney. Their business was then 
small, but they increased it to very large proportions, 
practicing in all grades of courts, including even the 
U. S. Supreme Court, and this partnership continued 
atnbroken until Feb. 6, 1883, when Mr. Hamilton 
was sworn in as Executive of Illinois. On the 4tl) 
•f March following Mr. Rowell took his seat in Con- 

In July, 187 I, Mr. Hamilton married Miss Helen 
M. Williams, the dau_L;hter of Prof. VVm. G, Williams, 
Professor of Greek in the Ohio Weileyan University. 
Mr. and Mrs. H. have two daughters and one son. 

In 1876 Mr. Hamilton was nominated by the Re- 
publicans for the State Senate, over other and older 
competitors. He took an active pait " on the stump " 
in the campaign, for the success of his party, and was 
elected by a majority of 1,640 over his Democratic- 
Greenback opponent. In the Senate he served on 
the Committees on Judiciary, Revenue, State Insti- 
tutions, Appropriations, Education, and on Miscel- 
lany ; and during the contest for the election of a 
U. S. Senator, the Republicans endeavoring to re- 

elect John A. Logan, he voted for the war chief on 
every ballot, even alone when all the other Republi- 
cans had gone over to the Hon. E. B. Lawrence and 
the Democrats and Independents elected Judg? 
David Davis. At this session, also, was passed the 
first Board of Health and Medical Practice act, of 
which Mr. Hamilton was a champion, against cs 
much opposition that the bill was several times 
" laid on the table." Also, this session authorized 
the location and establishment of a southern peni- 
tentiary, which was fixed at Chester. In the session 
of 1879 Mr. Hamilton was elected Vx^'ixAtrA pro tern. 
of the Senate, and was a zealous supporter of John 
A. Logan for the U. S. Senate, who was this time 
elected without any trouble. 

In May, 1880, Mr. Hamilton was nominated on 
the Republican ticket for Lieutenant Governor, his 
principal competitors before the Convention being 
Hon. Wm. A. James, ex-Speaker of the House of 
Representatives, Judge Robert Bell, of '■"'abash 
County, Hon. T. T. Fountain, of Perry County, and 
Hon. M. M. Saddler, of Marion County. He engaged 
actively in the campaign, and his ticket was elected 
by a majority of 41,200. As Lieutenant Governor, 
he presided almost continuously over the Senate in 
the 32d General Assembly and during the early days 
of the 33d, until he succeeded to the Governorship. 
When the Legislature of 1883 elected Gov. CuUom 
to the United States Senate, Lieut. Gov. Hamilton 
succeeded him, under the Constitution, taking the 
oath of office Feb. 6, 1883. He bravely met all the 
annoyances and embarrassments incidental upon 
taking up another's administration. The principal 
events with which Gov. Hamilton was connected as 
the Chief Executive of the State were, the mine dis- 
aster at Braidwood, the riots in St. Clair and Madison 
Counties in May, 1883, the appropriations for the 
State militia, the adoption of the Harper high-license 
liquor law, the veto of a dangerous railroad bill, etc. 

The Governor was a Delegate at large to the 
National Republican Convention at Chicago in June, 

1884, where his first choice for President was John 
A. Logan, and second choice Chester A. Arthur; but 
he afterward zealously worked for the election of Mr. 
Blaine, true to his party. 

Mr. Hamilton's term as Governor expired Jan. 30, 

1885, when the great favorite "Dick " Oglesby was 






distinguished gentleman was 
elected Governor of Illinois 
November 6, 1888. He was 
[lopulavly known during the 
c-arapaigu as "Private Joe." He 
had served with great devotion 
to his country during the Re- 
bellion, in the Thirty-third 
Illinois Infantry. A native of 
Virginia, he was born in 1840. 
His parents, John and Mary 
(Daniels) Fifer, were American 
born, though of German de- 
scent. His father was a brick 
and stone mason, and an old 
in politics. John and Mary 
Fifer had nine children, of whom Joseph was the 
sixth, and naturally, with so large a family, it was 
all the father could do to keep the wolf from the 
door, to say nothing of giving his children any- 
thing like good educational advantages. 

Joseph attended school for a while in Virgina, 
but it was not a good school, and when his father 
removed to the AVest, in 1857, Joseph had not ad- 
vanced much further than the "First Reader." 
Our subject was sixteen then and suffered a great 
misfortune in the loss of his mother. After the 

Henry Clay Whig 

death of Mrs. Fifer, which occurred in Missouri, 
the family returned to Virgina, but remained only 
a short time, as during the same year Mr. Fifer 
came to Illinois. He settled in McLean County 
and started a brickyard. Here Joseph and his 
brothers were put to work. The elder Mr. Fifer soon 
bought a farm near Bloomington and began life 
as an agriculturist. Here Joe worked and attended 
the neighboring school. He alternated farm-work, 
and brick-laying, going to the district school for 
the succeeding few years. It was all work and no 
play for Joe, yet it by no means made a dull boy 
of him. All the time he was thinking of the great 
world outside, of which he had caught a glimpse 
when coming from Virginia, yet he did not know 
just how he was going to get out into it. He 
could not feel that the woods around the new farm 
and the log cabin, in which the family lived, were 
to hold him. 

The opportunity to get out into the world was 
soon offered to young Joe. He traveled a dozen 
miles barefoot, in company with his brother George, 
and enlisted in Company C, Thirty-third Illinois 
Infantry, he being then twenty years old. In a 
few days, the regiment was sent to Camp Butler, 
and then over into Missouri, and saw some vigor- 
ous service there. After a second time helping to 
chase Price out of Missouri, the Thirty-third Regi- 



ment went down to Milliken 's Bend, and for several 
weeks "Private Joe" worked on Grant's famous 
ditch. The regiment then joined tlie forces oper- 
ating against Port Gibson and Vicksl)urg. Joe 
was on guard duty in the front ditclies when the 
flag of surrender was run up on the 4th of Jul}-, 
and stuck tlie bayonet of his gun into the embank- 
ment and went into the city with the vanguard of 
Union soldiers. 

The next da}', July 5, the Thirty-third joined 
the force after Johnston, who had been threatening 
Grant's rear; and finally an assault was made on him 
at Jackson, Miss. In this charge "Private Joe" fell, 
terribly wounded. "He was loading his gun, when 
a minie-ball struck him and passed entirely 
through his body. He was regarded as mortally 
wounded. His brother, George, wlio had been 
made a Lieutenant, proved to be the mcaus of sav- 
ing his life. The Surgeon told him that unless he 
had ice his brother could not live. It was fift}- miles 
to the nearest point where ice could be obtained, 
and the roads were rough. A comrade, a McLean 
County man, who had been wounded, offered to 
make the trip. An ambxilance was secured and 
the brother soldier started on the journey. He re- 
turned with the ice, but the trip, owing to the 
roughness of the road, was very hard on liim. Af- 
ter a few months' careful nursing, Mr. Fifer was able 
to come home. The Thirtj'-third came home on a 
furlough, and when the boys were ready to return 
to the tented field, young Fifer was ready to go 
with them, for he was determined to finish his 
term of three years. He was mustered out in Oct- 
ober, 1864, having been in the service three 3-ears 
and two months. 

"Private Joe" came out of the armj- a tall, tan- 
ned, and awkward young man of twenty-four. 
About all he possessed was ambition to be some- 
body — and pluck. Though at an age when most 
men liave finished their college course, the young 
soldier saw that if he was to be anybody he must 
have an education. Yet he had no means to ena- 
ble him to enter school as most young men do. 
He was determined to have an education, however, 
and that to him meant success. For the following 
four years he struggled with his books. He en- 

tered Wesleyan University January 1, 1865. He 
was not a brilliant student, being neitlier at the 
head nor at the foot of his class. lie was in great 
earnest, however, studied hard and came forth with 
a well-stored and disciplined mind. 

Immediately after being graduated, he entered 
an office at Bloomington as a law student. He 
had previously read law a little, and as he continued 
to work hard, with the spur of poverty and prompt- 
ings of ambition ever with him, he was ready to 
hang out his professional shingie in 1869. Being 
trustworthy, he soon gathered about him some in- 
fluential friends. In 1871 he was elected Corpora- 
tion Counsel of Bloomington. In 1872 he was 
elected State's Attorney of McLean Count}^ This 
office he held eight years, when he took his seat in 
the State Senate. He served for four j-ears. His 
ability to perform abundance of hard work made 
him a most valued member of the Legislature. 

Mr. Fifer was married in 1870 to tiertic, daugh- 
ter of William J. Lewis, of Bloomington. Mr. Fifer 
is six feet in height and is spare, weighing only one 
hundred and fifty pouuds. He has a swarthy com- 
plexion, keen black eyes, quick movement, and pos- 
sesses a frank and sympathetic nature, and natur- 
lly makes friends wherever he goes. During the 
late gubernatorial campaign his visits throughout 
the State proved a great power in his behalf. His 
faculty of winning tlie confidence and good wishes 
of those with whom he comes in personal contact 
is a source of great popularity, especially during a 
political battle. As a speaker he is fluent, his lan- 
guage is good, voice clear and agreeable, and man- 
ner forcible. His manifest earnestness in what he 
says, .as well as his tact as a public speaker, and his 
eloquent and forceful language, make him a most 
valuable campaign orator and a powerful pleader 
at the bar. At the Republican State Convention, 
held in May, 1888, Mr. Fifer was chosen as its 
candidate for Governor. He proved a popular 
nominee, and the name of "Private Joe" became 
familiar to everyone throughout the Stale. He 
waged a vigorous campaign, was elected by a good 
majority, and in due time assumed the duties of 
the Chief Executive of Illinois. 






j-ClIX P. ALTGELD, the present 
v.; Governor of Illinois, is a native 
f'^**" of Prussia, born in 1848. Shortly 
after his birth his parents emi- 
grated to America, locating on 
a farm near Mansfield, Ohio. 
When but a mere lad, joung 
Altgeld had to walk from the 
farm to Mansfield with butter, 
eggs and garden produce, which 
he peddled from house to house. 
About 1856, his parents moved 
to the city of Mansfield, and for 
a time our subject was engaged 
morning and evening in driv- 
ing cattle to and from the pas- 
ture, a distance of eight miles. When fourteen 
years of age he hired out as a farm hand, and con- 
tinued in that avocation the greater part of his 
time until he was sixteen years of age, when he 
enlisted in Company C, One Hundred and Sixty- 
lourth Ohio Infantry, and served until the close of 
the war. On being mustered in, the regiment was 
sent to Washington and was actively engaged in 
the various canij)aigns in and around that city 
until the surrender of Lee. In the fall of 1864, 
young Altgeld was taken sick, while with his regi- 
ment in the front, and the surgeon desired to send 
him to a hospital in Washington; but he asked to 

be allowed to remain with the regiment, and soon 
recovering from his sickness was actively engaged 
until the close of the war. He was mustered out 
at Columbus, Ohio, in the spring of 1865. The 
succeeding summer he worked with his father on 
a farm, during which time he became connected 
with the Sunday-school and was given cliarge 'yl 
the Bible class. Before entering tlie army he had 
but very limited educational advantages, having 
attended school but a part of two summers and 
one winter. He had at home, however, studied 
the German language and had become familiar 
with some German authors. Determining to fit 
himself for a useful life, he resolved to attend a 
select school at Lexington, Ohio, and in a little 
eight-b}'-ten room, meagrely furnished, he kept 
"bachelor's hall," and in time was so far advanced 
that he secured a cei-tificate as teacher, and for 
two years was engaged in that profession. At the 
end of that time he left home and traveled exten- 
sively over the country', working at odd jobs, un- 
til he finally reached Savannah, Mo., where he en- 
tered a law office, and in 1870 was admitted to the 
Bar. In the fall of 1872, he ran as • rosecuting 
Attorney for Andrews County, Mo., and was de- 
feated by four votes. He ran again in 1874 and 
was elected. But life in the small town of Savan- 
nah was a little too monotonous for him, and he 
deterxnined to locate in Chicago. In October, 



1875, be resigned the office of Prosecuting Attor- 
ney, moved to Cliicago, and at once commenced 
the practice of law. For some j-ears after he had 
but little to do with politics, confining himself to 
his piactice and dealing in real estate. One year 
after his arrival in Chicago he found himself with- 
out a dollar, and in debt some $400. By a streak of 
good luck, as it might be termed, he won a case in 
court, from which he received a fee of $900, and 
after pa3'ing his debt he had 1500 left, which he 
invested in real estate. This venture proved a 
successful one, and from that time on the profits 
of one transaction were invested in others, and 
to-day he is numbered among the millionaire resi- 
dents of the great metropolis of the West. 

In 1884, Mr. Altgeld was nominated for Con- 
gress, but was defeated by three thousand votes. 
In 1886, be was nominated and elected Judge of 
the Superior Court of Cook County. His services 
as Judge were such as to commend him to the peo- 
ple. Early in the year 1892, by the solicitation of 

many friends, he announced himself as a candi- 
date for Governor. At the convention held 
April 27, he received the nomination and at once 
entered upon an active canvass. Alone, he traveled 
all over the entire State, and visited and consulted 
with the leading politicians of eveiy section. He 
made few public speeches, however, until near the 
close of the campaign, but it was ver}' evident that 
lie was master of the situation at all times. When 
tlie votes were counted at tiie close of election 
day, it was found that he had a majority of the 
votes, and so became the first Democratic Governor 
of Illinois since 1856. 

Born in poverty, alone, single-handed and un- 
aided, he faced the world, and with a determina- 
tion to succeed, he pressed forward, until to-day he 
has a National reputation,- and is the envied of 
many. The lesson of his life is worthy of careful 
study by the young, and shows what can be done 
by one who has the desire in his heart to attain a 
front rank among the noted men of the country. 


Randolph, Jackson, Perry 

and Monroe Counties, 


LJj ^i>j !i__y 



Y«r>£^%yHE time has arrived when it 
''[y/f becomes the duty of the 
■^'" people of this county to per- 
petuate the names of their 
pioneers, to furnish a record 
of their early settlement, 
and relate the story of their 
progress. The civilization of our 
day, the enlightenment of the age 
and the duty that men of the pres- 
ent time owe to their ancestors, to 
themselves and to their posterity, 
demand that a record of their lives 
and deeds should be made. In bio- 
graphical history is found a power 
to instruct man by precedent, to 
enliven the mental faculties, and 
to waft down the river of time a 
^afe vessel in which the names and actions of the 
people who contributed to raise this country from its 
l)rimitive state may be preserved. Surely and rapidly 
the great and aged men, who in their ])rime entered 
the wilderness and claimed the virgin soil as their 
heritage, are passing to their graves. The number re- 
maining who can relate the incidents of the first days 
jf setilement is becoming small indeed, so that an 
nctual necessity e.xists for tlie collection and preser- 
vation of events without delay, before all the early 
settlers are cut down by the scythe of Time. 

To be forgotten has been the great dread of mankind 
from remotest ages. All will be forgotten soon enough, 
in spite of their best works and the most earnest 
efforts of their friends to perserve the memory of 
their lives. The means employed to prevent oblivion 
and to perpetuate their memory has been in propor- 
tion 'o the amount of intelligence they possessed. 
Th-; (lyramiils of Kgvpt were liuilt to perijctuate the 
names and deeds of their great rulers. The exhu- 
mations made by the ar^-heologists of Egypt from 
buried Men-.phis indicate a desire of those people 

to perpetuate the memory of their achievements. 

The erection of the great obelisks were for the same 
purpose. Coming down to a later period, we find the 
Greeks and Romans erecting mausoleums and monu- 
ments, and carving out statues to chronicle their 
great achievements and carry them down the ages. 
It is also evident that the Mound-builders, in piling 
up their great mounds of earth, had but this idea — 
to leave something to show that they had lived. All 
these works, though many of them costly in the ex- 
treme, give but a faint idea of the lives and charac- 
ters of those whose memory they were intended to 
perpetuate, and scarcely anything of the masses of 
the people that then lived. The great pyramids and 
some of the obelisks remain objects only of curiosity; 
the mausoleums, monuments and statues are crum- 
bling into dust. 

It was left to modern ages to establish an intelli- 
gent, undecaying, immutable method of perpetuating 
a full history — immutable in that it is almost un- 
limited in extent and perpetual in its action; and 
this is through the art of printing. 

To the present generation, however, we are in- 
debted for the introduction of the admirable system 
of local biography. By this system every man, though 
he has not achieved what the world calls greatness, 
has the means to perpetuate his life, his history, 
through the coming ages. 

The scythe of Time cuts down all ; nothing of the 
physical man is left. The monument which his chil- 
dren or friends may erect to his memory in the cemt^ 
tery will crumble into dust and pass away; but his 
life, his achievements, the work he has accomplished, 
which otherwise would be forgotten, is perpetuated 
by a record of this kind. 

To preserve the lineaments of our companions we 
engrave theiu portraits, for the same reason we col- 
lect the attainable facts of their history. Nor do we 
think it necessary, as we speak only truth of them, to 
wait until they are dead, or until those who know 
them are gone: -to do this we are ashamed only to 
publish to the world the history of those whose lives 
are unworthy of public record. 



^^EN. JOHN A. LOGAN was born in Frank- 
'|[ (5— lin County, 111., in 1824. He entered mili- 
'^^5 tarj' service as Captain in the Mexican War 
and served for two 3'ears. At the beginning of 
the Civil War he espoused the cause of the Union 
and entered the volunteer service in 1861, when 
he raised and commanded the Thirty-first Illinois 
Infantry. At the battle of Belmont, Mo., he led 
his men into the fight with great gallantry. 
Though they were raw troops and had never stood 
fire, yet thej- fought on this occasion, under the 
lead of Colonel Logan, with a bravery seldom sur- 
passed bv veteran soldiei-s. 

At the battle of Ft. Donelson, Colonel Logan's 
command held the right of the line and was 
pressed b\' overwhelming odds. Stubbornly resist- 
ing the massed columns of the enemy, he succeeded 
in holding his position until reinforcements were 
brought and the Confederates finally driven from 
the field. On that occasion he was severely 
wounded the first day of the battle, but refused to 
go to the rear. For his meritorious conduct in 
that engagement he was made a Brigadier-General 
and assigned to the army under command of Gen- 
eral Grant. At the battle of Shiloh he displa\ed 
his usual courage and solid fighting qualities. For 
daring and distinguished conduct al this terrible 
trial of strength between the great contending 
armies, he was promoted to Major-General Novem- 
ber 29, 1862. 

Taking command of a division. General Logan 
accompanied Grant through the Vicksburg cam- 
paign, and after the fall of that city, the Father of 
Wat«rs became, as in days past, the common prop- 
erty of the American people. Before the war be- 
gan. General Logan, in a speech to the people of 
Illinois, declared that " If the rebel states, or anj' 
other foreign Government, ever attempted to con- 

trol the mouth of the JHssissippi River the men of 
the northwest would hew their way to the Gulf of 
Mexico, sword in hand." That prophecy was 
fully realized. The people of the northwest nobly 
vindicated the truth of what General Logan had 
said years before, and forever settled the question 
that the men of the great northwest are unaltera- 
bl}' resolved that the Mississippi River is the com- 
mon birthright of the children of its far-spreading 
valleys, which they will neither voluntarily relin- 
quish nor peacefully surrender. It was indeed a 
proud day for General Logan when he could stand 
on the ruins of the last hostile fortification along 
this noble river and fully realize the thought that 
the j-eomanrj' of the northwest had literally 
carved their way through the entire Confederacy 
to vindicate their claim to this, the greatest of all 
American rivers. The Stars and Stripes could now 
be raised on a steamboat at St. Paul, Minn., and 
borne, proudl3- waving, to the mouth of the na- 
tional thoroughfare and out on the gulf below. 
This work having been finished by the western 
arm^', the command sought other fields of con- 

From Vicksburg (ieneral Logan started with 
Sherman, through Mississippi and Alabama, to the 
relief of Chattanooga, in Tennessee. November 
24, 1863, the battle of Mission Ridge was fought 
and won. In that great conflict Logan bore a con- 
spicuous part and again acquitted himself with 
distinguished honor. At the beginning of the At- 
lanta campaign he was placed in command of the 
F'ifteenth Atlanta Cavalry. In command of this 
corps he made the celebrated march through the 
entire Confederacy, from Chattanooga to Atlanta, 
thence to Savannah, through the Carolinas and 
Virginia to Richmond, and on to Washington. On 
reaching the latter city General Howard was ap- 



pointed Superintendent of the Freedraen's Bureau, 
and General Logan succeeded to the command of 
the Arm}- of the Tennessee, consisting of tlie Fif- 
teenth and Seventeenth Atlanta Cavalry. Thus 
from the position of an humble station he had 
fought his way to tiie supreme command of a 
magnificent army of a hundred thousand men. 

In every department of life the native talents 
and energy of the General brought him success. 
As a lawyer his was a brilliant career. As a poli- 
tician, he had, before the Rebellion, attained a 
wide and growing popularity in Illinois, having 
been elected to Congress, and having held other 
posts of honor. Illinois may be proud of her Logan, 
whose noble valor has vindicated her honor in 
many a fiercely fought battle, and whose eminent 
achievements in peaceful pursuits are surpassed 
only by his daring deeds in the bloody theatre of 
war. He was a lover of militar}- science and born 
to be a commander. Among tlie soldiers he was 
the idol of the Army of the Tennessee. He Mas 
loved by his men not only because he was their 
commander, but literally their leader on all occa- 
sions where danger was to be encountered. 

At the close of the Civil War, General Logan 
resigned his position and retired to civic life, 
though from that time until his death, December 
26, 1886, he was closely associated with the history 
of Illinois and the United States as well. In per- 
son he was a remarkable man, resembling no other 
general. His complexion was dark, his eyes and 
hair very black, and in stature he was low and 
heav}-. He wore his hair and mustache long, 
which increased his resemblance to the Indian 
chiefs of the western wilds. 

^^^ APT. A. BEECHER, who now follows farra- 
[if^ ing on section 20, Makanda Township, 
^^^' Jackson County, is one of the honored vet- 
erans of the late war, who valiantly followed the 
Old Flag through the thickest of the fight and 
stood by the Union until its preservation was an 
assured fact. He was born in Canada, April 30, 
1836, and is a son of Alex and Harriet Beecher, 
who are still living in that country. His father 

was born in Massachusetts, but his mother was 
born in Canada, and was of French descent. The 
Captain was reared on a farm and was educated 
in the common schools. He followed brick-mak- 
ing for a few years, and in 1858 came to the 
United States. After a year spent in St. Louis, 
he took up his residence in Makanda Township, 
where he has since made his home. 

On the Uth of August, 1862, Mr. Beecher be- 
came a member of Company D, Eighty -ninth Illi- 
nois Infantry. He joined the regiment at Chicago, 
and was sent to Louisville, where the troops were 
attached to General Buell's command, and entered 
the Murfreesboro campaign, participating in the 
battles of Perryville, Murfreesboro, Liberty Gap, 
Hoover's Gap, Chickamauga, Chattanooga, Knox- 
ville, Daudndge and Lookout Mountain. He also 
helped to build the railroad bridge across the Hal- 
sten River, and then burned it. The Atlanta cam- 
paign came on, and Captain Beecher took part in 
the battles of Buzzard's Roost, Resaca, Dalton, 
Peach Tree Creek, Marietta, Atlanta, Lovejo}' Sta- 
tion, .Jonesboro, Pulaski, Pleasant Hill, Franklin 
and Nashville. He served under Generals Buell, 
Rosecrans and Thomas. On the 16th of November, 
1863, he was made Second Lieutenant, and in 
October, 1864, became Fii-st Lieutenant. He com- 
manded the company from September 21, 1863, 
until mustered out, June 27, 1865. He was never 
off duty and was never absent from a battle. A 
brave and faithful soldier, he was always found at 
his post, faithful to the Old Flag, which now floats 
triumphantly over the united Nation. 

Captain Beecher was married August 21, 1865, 
to Miss Belle Hilliard, who was born in Greene 
County, Ohio, January 7, 1844. They became the 
parents of ten children, of whom eight are j'et liv- 
ing: Jlattie S., wife of Henry M. Ingram, of 
Pinckneyville, by whom she has two children; 
Alex M., of California; Blanche B., wife of Allen 
Penrod, by whom she has one child; Fred Merrill; 
Alida A.. Josephine Myra, Katie Maud and Henry 
Ward. The family are all members of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church, and take an active part in 
church and Sunday-school work. Miss Alida is 
successfully engaged in teaching, and is a promi- 
nent worker in the Epworth League. The Captain 



is the oldest Mason in Makanda Township, and 
has frequently held offices in his lodge. He also 
belongs to the Knights of Honor and to Makanda 
Post, G. A. R. In politics he is a stalwart Re- 
publican, and in the year 1890 served as Census 
Enumerator of his district. Since the year 1859 
he has resided upon his present farm, and has 
been very successful in his agricultural pursuits. 
His life has been well and worthily spent, and 
Captain Beecher is one of the highly esteemed 
citizens of the community. 

/p^EORGE W. LEAYITT. Wiiat presents a 
ill g— pleasanter picture than old age grace- 
^^J fully reached after a well spent and pros- 
perous life! There is something very pleasant in 
looking back upon the years that intervene be- 
tween childhood and old age, and living in mem- 
ory all the triumphs and joys of years spent in an 
effort to benefit self and neighbors at the same 
time. And sucli is the case witli Mr. and Mrs. 
Leavitt, who are botii about eight3' years of age. 
They are strong and active, and are comfortably- 
fixed in a financial way. True, they have expe- 
rienced the usual amount of "ups and downs" 
that come almost invariably in a busy career, Ijut 
on the whole they have have known much of suc- 
cess and happiness. This is in a great measure 
due to the fact that they have passed their da3-s 
in peace, free from the dissipations and vexations 
of the gay world. 

Mr. Leavitt made his home in this count}' 
for more than fift}' jears, devoting his attention 
entirely to agricultural pursuits. His birth oc- 
curred near Kaskaskia, III., December 11, 1813, be- 
ing a son of Abijah and Elizabeth Leavitt, natives 
of Maine. The father came to Illinois in 1803 with 
Generals Stoddard and Pike, and located on a 
farm near Kaskaskia. Our subject enjoj'ed only 
limited opportunities for an education, attending 
the primitive schools of his neighborhood. When 
thirteen years old he began to carry the mail from 
Kaskaskia to St. Louis on horseback, and con- 
tinued at this for the following thirteen years. 

In 1840 Mr. Leavitt came to Randolph County 

with his young wife and purchased a small farm. 
He was soon enabled to purchase another tract, 
which he likewise improved. He was sufficiently 
shrewd to grasp at every opportunity for the bet- 
tering of his financial condition, but has never 
done so at the expense of his own self-respect 
or by fraudulent means. He is to-daj' the second 
oldest resident of the county, and is enjoying good 
health, and bj^ his correct mode of living has 
gained a popularity which is merited in every re- 
spect. Man}- and interesting are the incidents of 
pioneer life that he can relate, and he never fails 
in gaining attentive listeners. 

In 18-40 our subject was married to Miss Sarah 
Nifold, a daughter of Daniel Nifold, a native of 
Kentucky, but who was a resident of Randolph 
Count}- at the time of his death. To this mar- 
riage were born six children, all of whom are now 
deceased. In 1864 Mrs. Leavilt was also called to 
the home of rest, and our subject in 1865 was 
married to Sarah Meyers. Four children came to 
bless this union. Emily is the wife of Will- 
iam Wright and lives in this county; Annie mar- 
ried Ed Wilson and is a resident of Sparta; Jes- 
sie, the wife of Cul Nixon, resides in this county; 
Carrie Happick married Charles Bushe, and they 
also made their home in this county. Mr. Leavitt 
is a member of the Baptist Church, while his good 
wife belongs to the Methodist denomination. Po- 
litically, our subject casts his vote in favor of the 
Democracy, but in local matters thinks best to 
vote for the man and not the party. 

I I I 1 1 I |l a r Ml 

Sip^/ RE D E R I C K KESSEL, who is numbered 
ti/sy among the enterprising and representative 
Jts farmers of Kinkaid Township, Jackson 

County, makes his home on section 16. He was 
born in the kingdom of Prussia, Germany, Feb- 
ruary 21, 1832, and is a son of William Kessel, 
who was also a native of that country. By occu- 
pation the father was a farmer. He served for 
five j'ears in the army of Frederick the Great 
in the War of 1815 against Napoleon, was at 
the siege of Moscow, and took part in many 
of the battles of that war. He then returned 



to bis home, and in the j'ear 1857 he brouglit 
his family to America, taking up his residence on 
a farm in Jackson Count}', near AVilkinson Island, 
where he died on the 10th of August, 1858. He 
was married in Prussia to (Jertrude Suootenhouse. 
Unto them were born ten children: William, Jo- 
hanna, August, Minnie, Frederick, Harmon, John, 
Julius, Albert and Emily. All came to America 
with their father except \Villiam, who died in 
Prussia. The mother of this family was called to 
her final rest January 20, 1892, at the advanced 
age of ninety-one years. 

In the usual manner of farmer lads our subject 
was reared, and with the family crossed the brin}' 
deep. Upon his father's death, he purchased the 
home farm and began business for himself. On 
the 8th of January, 1858, he was united in mar- 
riage with Regina Rickels, daughter of William 
and Mary (Suootenhouse) Rickels. She was one 
of seven children, viz.: August, Joanna, Minnie, 
John, Godfrey, Cliarlotle and Regina. The par- 
ents both died in Prussia, and Mrs. Kessel, with 
her two brothers, John and Godfrey, came to 
America. John died in Texas in 1864, and God- 
frey died in Chester, III., October 27, 1891. 

Upon the farm which he purchased of his father 
Mr. Kessel resided for seven yeai-s, and then re- 
moved to Kinkaid Township, where he improved 
a farm three and a-half miles from his present 
home. In August, 1878, he removed to the farm 
on which he now resides. He has placed it under 
a high state of cultivation and made many excel- 
lent improvements upon it. It is two hundred 
and eighty acres in extent, and amid the well 
tilled fields stand a fine residence and large barns. 
He also owns four hundred and flftj'-one acres 
in a bottom farm and another tract of two hun- 
dred and eleven acres, making in all nine hundred 
and forty-two acres. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Kessel were born five chil- 
dren. Robert, born March 16, 1862, married Louisa 
Krugel, and they have one child, Gertrude; Albert 
F., born January 20, 1865, died December 5, 1889; 
Alfred, born Januarj- 2, 1867, Edward J., May 14, 
1872, and Leo August, November 9, 1877, are 
still at home. The parents are members of the 
Lutheran Church, but aided in the erection of the 

Baptist Church near their home and regularly 
attended its services. Mr. Kessel has always been 
a supporter of the Democracy, and is now serving 
as Ilighwaj'^ Commissioner and School Trustee. 
He belongs to the Knights of Honor. By exten- 
sive reading, experience and observation he has 
become one of the well informed men of this sec- 
tion, and is conversant with all the subjects of the 

• ^ ^(^ ' 

I;,-^ ENRY GROPPE. Township 6, range 7, 
r ]ll Randolph County, is the home of many 
.AW^ intelligent, industrious and prosperous 
'^^ farmers, who from a small beginning have 
won a competence, securing a considerable amount 
of land and surrounding themselves with all the 
comforts and conveniences which heart can wish. 
Among this number may he mentioned Henry 

Our subject was born in Hanover, Germany, 
December 18, 1840, and is a sou of Adolph and 
Mary (Knemeyer) Groppe. The father died in his 
native land, Germany. In 1850 the mother came 
to America, and was followed three years later by 
our subject. The first three jears of his residence 
in the United States were spent in St. Louis, after 
which he came to Randolph County and located 
on a farm near the one on which he now resides. 

Attending the model schools of his native land, 
our subject gained a fair education. While a resi- 
dent of St. Louis he was engaged in the tobacco 
business, and on reaching Randolph County was 
employed as a day laborer for a few 3-ears. In 
1863 he pureliased a partially improved piece of 
land and at once set about its cultivation. It now 
includes one hundred and sixty acres, and this val- 
uable property he has acquired through his in- 
domitable industry and good management. As 
a farmer he displays excellent judgment in the ro- 
tation of crops, fertilization of the soil and cultiva- 
tion of the land, and as a result of his efforts he 
has gained prosperity. The stock to be found on 
the jilace is of the best, and in it the owner takes 
great pride. 

The marriage of Jlr. Groppe and Mrs. Susannah 
(Wissel) Sinker occurred September 28, 1864. Mrs. 



Groppe is a daughter of Andrew and Kate Stat- 
miller) AVissel, both natives of Germany, but now 
residents of Illinois. Five children have come 
to bless the hearth and fireside of our subject 
and his wife: Hermann, Lizzie, Katie, Lulu and 
Emma, all of whom are living at home with their 
parents. Mrs. Groppe by her first marriage be- 
came the mother of tliree children, all of whom are 
still living: William, Mary and Anna. Our sub- 
ject and his entu'e famil}* are members of the Cath- 
olic Church. In national and state affairs our sub- 
ject is in favor of the Democrac3', but in local 
matters is rather conservative. 


^|[OHN TUDOR, who is a representative 
of a fine old English family in Randolph 
Count3', is a general farmer, and has a 
good estate located on section 4, township 
8, range 5, which he has supplied with all the 
necessary' buildings and farm implements suited 
to the purpose of a first-class agriculturist. Mr. 
Tudor was born iu France .lanuary 4, 1827, where 
his parents were temporarily residing. He was the 
fifth in order of birth in a family of eight chil- 
dren comprising the household of Thomas and 
Mary (Corbitt) Tudor, natives of Shropshire, En- 
land, where the family residence was located for 
many years. 

About 1832 Thomas Tudor came to America, 
locating in Haverstraw, N. Y., where he worked at 
his trade, that of a foundryman, for a number of 
3'ears before sending for his family to join him in 
the New World. He was more fortunate in a 
monetarj' waj' than man}' emigrants who made 
their home in America, and it was not for lack of 
funds that he delated sending for the family, but 
to make sure that he would be pleased with life as 
he found it in a new land. In 1836, the mother 
with her children took passage at Liverpool, and 
after a comparatively smooth passage of a month, 
they landed in New Yoik. One unpleasant inci- 
dent of the voyage, long to be remembered, was the 
fact of the supply of food giving out. The passen- 
gers had to be placed on short rations, but as the 
journe\' was nearly* at an end, tlieir suffering was 

not very great. Thomas Tudor met them in New 
York City, and they went directl}' to their new 
home in Haverstraw. 

Our subject immediately took a position with 
his father in the mill, where he remained until his 
twenty-second birthday. Having heard such glow- 
ing accounts of life in this then western country, he 
decided to cast in his lot with friends and kindred 
who had come to Illinois, and was accompanied on 
the journey- bj' his brother and his family. The 
part}- set out in May, 1849, and after a tedious 
journey, reached their destination in Jackson 
Count}' on the 1st of June. On arriving here, 
our subject first found emiiloyment working for 
his brother-in-law, receiving for his services ^l 1 per 
month. The following season, having received 
aid from his father, he purchased a tract of one 
hundred and twenty acres, paying for it in gold, 
which coin was so scarce that the officials were not 
inclined to take it, fearing that it might not 
be good. He was very successful in his calling, 
and soon purchased two hundred and forty acres, 
which now constitute the homestead, and he also 
owns two hundred acres lying in other townships. 

During his boyhood days our subject attended 
school in England, and while in Haverstraw he 
attended a school which was supported by the 
fund raised from the mill where he was employed. 
December 9, 1851, John Tudor and Miss Eliza, 
daughter of Samuel and Arabella (Price) Richards, 
were united in marriage. Mr. and Mre. Richards 
were living at that time in Haverstraw, N. Y., 
although they were natives of Shropshire, En- 
gland, and lived near the Tudors in the Mother 
Country. Mrs. Tudor departed this life January 
25, 1876, at the age of forty-four years. She had 
become the mother of eleven children, eight of 
whom survive: Thomas Henry, who is the present 
Postmaster of Rockwood; Arabella, Mrs. James 
Stewart, who resides on a farm near Rockwood; 
Guy Seymour, a blacksmith in Shiloh; George Ben- 
jamin, a farmer living in Jackson County; Charles 
Sherman, a teacher in Randolph County; Nellie, 
Mrs. Edward Morgan; Lydia Priscilla and Ernest 
Shubel. at home. Those deceased are, William 
Wallace, Rose Hannah and Florence Elizabeth. 

John Tudor is a member of the Presbyterian 



Church, as was also his good wife. He has been 
a Republican in politics since the organization of 
the party, casting his first vote for Fremont in the 
3'ear 1856. Besides having served as School Di- 
rector many terms, Mr. Tudor has officially repre- 
sented liis townsiiip as Supervisor on the County 

.\f OUNSON MARSHALL, of Kandoli>h Coun- 
ty, was born in Washington County, Pa., 
in October, 1823, and was the second child 
l)orn to William and Catherine (Mooney) 
Marshall. His father, a native of Ireland, came 
to America with his parents in 1801, and was 
reared in Allegheny City, Pa. Throughout life 
he followed fanning, and his death occurred in 
Cleveland in 1833. The Mooney family came 
from Scotland to America in an early daj' and lo- 
cated in Maryland, where the mother of our sub- 
ject was born. During her girlhood she accom- 
panied iier parents to Pennsylvania, and died in 
Princeton, that state, in 1873. Seven children 
were born unto Mr. and Mrs. Marshall, of whom 
five sons are yet living, three being residents of 
St. Louis. Mo., and one of Cleveland, Ohio. 

Johnson Marshall obtained a limited education 
in Cleveland, but his father died when he was 
ten years of .age, and he was then thrown upon 
bis own resources and had to assist in support- 
ing the family. He followed any employment 
that came in his way whereby he might earn an 
honest dollar. Thus liis time was passed until 
eighteen years of age, when he began boating on 
the Muskingum and Beaver Rivers, where he con- 
tinued for a number of years. In March; 1854, 
he began steaniboating, sailing from St. Louis, 
Mo., and since that time he has been engaged 
continuously in the same pursuit on the Missis- 
sippi and Missouri Rivers, there being but few 
ports along the way in which Captain Marshall is 
not known. In his business he has met with suc- 
cess, and by close application and earnest effort 
he has worked his way steadily upward. 

In October, 1855, the Captain was united in 
marriage with Miss Catherine Zollmann, daughter 
of Abraham and Rachel Zollmann, formerly of 

Pennsylvania, but afterward of Missouri, where 
their last davs were spent. Bj' the union of our 
subject and his wife there were born fifteen chil- 
dren, four of whom died in infancy. Tliose still 
living are, Emma, wife of E. W. Mann, of Ne- 
braska; Sarah, wife of William Heard, of Kansas; 
Robert, of St. Louis, who married Lizzie Cooley, 
and is engaged in steamboating on the Mississippi; 
Melia, wife of William Rosborough, who lives near 
Sparta, 111.; Frank, who married Elizabeth Raglin 
and lives in Oregon; Ida, wife of Robert Ruppert, 
of Chester; Caroline, wife of George Montroy; 
Norman, Mabel, Laura and Fred, all of whom are 
still with their parents. 

In his social relations Mr. Marshall is a Mason, 
belonging to Chester Lodge No. 72, A. F. & A.M., 
of Chester. He also holds membership with Ches- 
ter Lodge No. 57, I. O. O. F., and his estimable 
wife is a member of the Presbyterian Church. In 
politics he is a Democrat, but has never aspired to 
public office. A pleasant, genial gentleman, he 
wins friends wherever he goes, and his circle of 
agreeable acquaintances is very large. His life 
has been well and worthily spent, and he may truly 
be called a self-made man. 

f|j^x ICHOLAS W. KELLY. On section 8,town- 
II jjj ship 8, range 5, Randolph County, lies a 
jiyj^ pleasant, well improved farm, which is 
the propert3' of our subject. He is a native of 
this count}', and was born on the 8th of February, 
1845, to Thomas and Eliz.abetli (Anderson) Kell}-, 
natives of County Down, Ireland, and of Scotch 
origin. The parents emigrated to the United 
States about the year 1842, and after residing 
about seven j-ears in Haverstraw, N. Y. (where 
the father worked as a brick molder, and later as 
engineer in a chemical factory), came to Illinois. 
With the exception of four 3'eais spent in Jack- 
son Country and one year in Washington Count}', 
Kan., they have been residents of this county since 
coining west. 

Nicholas W. Kelly served eight months during 
the late war as a member of Company F, One Hun- 
dred and Fifty-fourth Illinois Infantry, under 



General Thomas. He was discharged at Nashville, 
Tenn., September 21, 1865, and was mustered out 
at Springfield, 111., nine days later. He was mar- 
ried April 24, 1866, to Miss Alsa C, daughter of 
Charles R. and Rhoda (Adams) Ilaskin, the former 
a native of New York, and the latter born in Ken- 
tucky. Mrs. Kelly was the eldest of seven chil- 
dren in her parents' family, and was born October 
22, 1847, in Jackson County, 111.- She became the 
mother of ten children, and departed this life No- 
vember 15, 1889. Only five of tlie family are liv- 
ing at the present time: Luella, Clara, Thomas A., 
Benjamin C. and Maida J. Mrs. Kell3' during her 
lifetime was an active member of the Kbenezer 
Presbyterian Ciiurch, in which bod3' our subject 
is an Elder. In his political relations Mr. Kelly 
is a Republican, and socially is connected with 
Rockwood Post No. 734, G. A. R. 



f|^^ICHOLAS VVELSCH, a well known farmer 
11 jl) of Monroe County, who now devotes his 
'^c^!) time and energies to agricultural pursuits 
on section 31, township 3, range 10 west, was born 
on the 18th of September, 1834, and comes of one 
of the re()resentative families of this comiuuiiity. 
His parents, John and Anna M. (Weirschem) 
Welsch, were both natives of Germany, and were 
there reared and educated. The father was a farmer 
by occupation and followed that pursuit in his na- 
tive land until 1839, when with his family he 
crossed the water to America. He took up his resi- 
dence in St. Clair County, 111., and two years later 
came to Monroe County, locating on a farm near 
Madonnaville. He purcliased one hundred and 
sixty acres of land, but afterward sold this and pur- 
chased a large farm, the same upon which our sub- 
ject now resides. At one time he owned over 
eight hundred acres of valuable land and was num- 
bered among the wealthiest citizens of the county. 
In 1870, he removed to Monroe, purchased a pleas- 
ant home, and there resided until his death, which 
occurred at the age of sixty -seven. His wife, a 
most estimable lady, passed awa^' at the age of 
seventy-two. They were both members of the 
Catholic Church, and Jlr. Welsch served as its 

Trustee for some time. In politics he was a stal- 
wart Democrat, and was honored with several local 
offices. He engaged extensively in raising grajjes 
for the manufacture of wine, wliich he sold to the 
St. I.ouis markets. In one year he made over four 
thousand gallons of wine. Mr. "Welsch, who was a 
very popular man, won many friends and was 
highl3- respected bj' all who knew him. 

In the Welsch family were twelve children, but 
seven of the number are now deceased. Those 
still living are Maria, Joseph, Catherine, Peter and 
Nicholas. Tiie last-named, who is the subject of this 
sketch, was reared and educated in Monroe County, 
spending the days of his boj^iood and youth in the 
usual manner of farmer lads. He began life for 
himself at the age of twenty-one, and as a com- 
panion and helpmate on life's journey chose Miss 
Mar3' E. Arns, a native of Germany. B}' their 
union were born eleven children, of whom two are 
now deceased. The others are, Anna S., Lizzie J., 
Mary L., Katie C, Louisa T., Josephine M., Emil 
J., George N. and Joseph J. They have also 
reared two orphan children, Henrietta Bucher and 
John Fageu. The mother of this family came to 
America when a maiden of twelve summers, and 
lived with her parents in New Orleans for two 
3'ears before coming to Illinois. She is a member 
of the Catholic Church, and is a most highl3' re- 
spected lad3', whose excellencies of character have 
gained her many friends. 

After the death of his father, Mr. Welsch pur- 
chased the old homestead farm, comprising more 
than five hundred acres of land. He has led a 
useful life, and as the result of his untiring labors 
he is now the owner of a very valuable property. 
His land is all under a high state of cultivation, 
and is improved with good buildings and all the 
accessories and conveniences of a model farm. In 
his political views, Mr. Welsch is a supporter of 
the Democracy; he has held the offices of Trustee 
and School Director, but has never been an active 
politician, preferring to devote his entire time and 
attention to his business interests, in which he 
has met with signal success. He and his chil- 
dren are all members of the Catholic Church, and 
he is a prominent and influential citizen of the 
eommunit3', and is held in high regard throughout 



the count}' in which he has so long made his 
home. He is numbered among the pioneer settlers, 
for since a very early da}' he has witnessed the 
growth and upbuilding of this region, and in the 
work of public advancement and improvement he 
has ever borne his part. 

i|t_. ENRY SCHULZE. Examples of unremitting 
\¥}i> zeal, strict integrity and financial success 
/■^^ may be met witli in every agricultural dis- 
v^^ trict in our country. Especially is this the 
case in Randolph Count}-, where the farmers are 
almost invariably well-to-do, intelligent and en- 
terprising. As a representative of this class we 
mention tiie name of Mr. Schulze, the owner and 
occupant of a farm located on section 2, township 
7, range 6. He is engaged in general farming, and 
is especially successful in stock-raising. 

A native of Germany, our subject, who was the 
son of Ciiarles and Dorothea (Welge) Schulze, was 
born November 17, 1838. His fatiier came to 
America with his family in the year 1849, and hav- 
ing heard such glowing accounts of the Prairie 
State, made his way directly to Randolph County, 
where he became a farmer. While residing in Ger- 
many, however, he worked at his trade of a shoe- 
maker, but followed that occupation only a few 
years after coming 1o the New World. His death 
occurred in 1879, while his good wife preceded him 
to the better land by many years. 

Henry Schulze was a lad of eleven years when 
he crossed the Atlantic, and while residing in 
his native land attended school. After locating 
in this county, and desiring to become thor- 
oughly conversant with the English language, 
young Schulze attended school, and later went to 
Chester, where he learned the trade of a shoemaker. 
Not liking that occupation, however, he returned 
to the farm and has ever since given his attention 
to agtieultural pursuits, and now has one of the 
finest estates in southern Illinois. He has been 
successful as a farmer, and his understanding of 
agriculture in its various departments is broad 
and deep. 

In 1861, Mr. Schulze and Miss Caroline Opper- 

man were united in marriage. The lady was born 
in Germany, and by her union with our subject 
she became the mother of six children, only two 
of whom, Mena and Sophia, are living. The 
elder daughter is the wife of Fritz Dreggemuller, 
and makes her home in Kansas, while Sophia re- 
sides with her father on the home farm. Mrs. Caro- 
line Schulze departed this life in the year 1871, 
and two years later our subject was married to 
Miss Mary Brammer. Their union was blessed by 
the birth of a daughter, Mary. Mrs. Mary Schulze 
died in 1876, and the following year Miss Louisa 
Hornbustle, of St. Louis, became the wife of our 
subject. To them has been born a son, William. 

Our subject is a stanch Democrat in politics, and 
in religious matters he and his wife are devoted 
members of the Lutheran Church. In this com- 
munity where he has so long made his home he is 
both widely and favorably known, and in the his- 
tory of his adopted county he well deserves repre- 

l(i). ^»^_... -@J 

FREDERICK DREVES. The career of 
this gentleman has been marked by en- 
terprise, industry and well directed efforts, 
and he has been rewarded by the accumu- 
lation of a large amount of land and the machinery 
and stock necessary for carrying on a first-class 
farm. Mr. Drevts is one of those German-Amer- 
ican citizens of whom we have reason to be proud 
on account of the example they present of indus- 
try, morality and good citizenship. He is at pres- 
ent residing in township 7, range 6, Randolph 
County, where he owns a good estate which he has 
placed under the best methods of improvement. 

Our subject was born in Prussia in March, 1841, 
and is the eldest of four children born to Henry 
and AVilhelmina (Hamote) Dreves. In 1849 the 
family emigrated to America, and on the journey 
across the Atlantic Mrs. Dreves and one daughter 
died. The father landed in the New World with 
three of his children, and on going to St. Louis, 
Mo., there found the cholera raging, and the re- 



maining brother and sister of our subject were 
taken away b_y that dread disease. 

The father of our subject was again married in 
St. Louis, and in 1850 came to Illinois and located 
a tract of land near Chester, which is the present 
home of Mr. Dreves of this sketch. The latter at- 
tended school in his native country and also at- 
tended a short time in St. Louis and in Chester, this 
state. He lias always made farming his life pursuit, 
and has brought to bear upon it a high degree of 
intelligence, and is looked upon as one of the best 
agriculturists in this part of the county. A new 
postoffice has been created near his home which 
bears his name. 

The subject of this sketch established a home of 
his own in 1865, at which time he was married to 
Miss Catherine Trede. Her parents were also na- 
tives of Germany and died in the Mother Country. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Dreves have been born seven 
children. Henry married Annie Shemory and re- 
sides near the old homestead, and the others are 
Dietlof, George, Hermann, William, Anna and 

Mr. Dreves believes in the principles laid down 
in the Republican platform, and therefore votes 
the straight ticket. His entire family are mem- 
bers of the Lutheran Church and conduct them- 
selves so as to win the respect of all with whom 
they come in contact. Although he never seeks 
office, our subject alwaj's manifests a great interest 
in the public welfare, and may be counted upon 
to bear his part in every worthy enterprise which 
is being promulgated in the neighborhood. 









ISAAC LEHNHERR. There is nothing of more 
interest to the general reader than a sketch of 
a gentleman who has won for himself both 
fame and fortune in the battle of life, and accord- 
ing to this principle a brief account of Mr. Lehn- 
herr cannot fail to prove interesting. He ranks 
among the most successful business men of Ches- 
ter, and is closely identified with both the com- 
mercial and social prosperity of the citj'. He is a 
man of sterling worth and superior intelligence, 

and at the present time is carrying on a splendid 
business, dealing in dry goods, groceries and gen- 
eral farming implements. 

Our subject is a native of Switzerland, and was 
born September 9, 1824. He is a son of Christian 
and Elizabeth C. (Klopsten) Lehnherr, the former 
of whom was a miller in his native land, and a 
well-to-do citizen in Spietz. Isaac was a lad of 
nine years when in 1833 he crossed the Atlantic 
in company with his parents. On landing in the 
New World, they went directly to New York City, 
whence the father soon went to Stark County, 
Ohio, and located on a farm near Paris. After 
living six years in the Buckeye State, the elder Mr. 
Lehnherr with his family came to Randolph Coun- 
ty, and located on a farm in Ellis Grove Township. 
This he continued to operate with fair success un- 
til his decease, which occurred in 1860. His good 
wife preceded him to the better land many years, 
dying in 1844. 

Our subject was the sixth in order of birth of 
the parental famil3' of seven children. His broth- 
ers and sisters bear the respective names of Susan, 
John, Christian, Martha, Jacob and Elizabeth. Af- 
ter coming to the United States, Isaac attended 
school in Ellis Grove Township, and thus gained 
a fair education in the English language. Young 
Lehnherr remained on the farm assisting liis father 
in its cultivation until 1849, when he began in 
life on his own account. 

On the 24th of Ma}', 1849, our subject and Miss 
Sophia Heitman were united in marriage. The 
lady was born on the 1st of May, 1826, and was 
a daughter of Herman and Margaret (Wayland) 
Heitman. After their marriage, the young people 
removed to a farm near Steelerille. In October, 
1856, Mr. Lehnherr established himself in busi- 
ness in Randolph County, opening a general store 
which he carried on for seven j-ears. At the ex- 
piration of that time, having good reasons to be- 
lieve he could better his condition, he removed 
his stock of goods to Chester, and soon after- 
ward put in a full line of hardware and agricult- 
ural implements, carr3-ing the Hocking, the Supe- 
rior and Hoosier drills, and the Belleville thresher. 
His honorable course in business, bis frank and 
1 courteous bearing, and his warm-hearted nature 



have won bim the confidence of the entire com- 
munity, and have given liini a high place in the 
regard of all with whom he associates either in a 
business or social way. 

The five children born to our subject and his 
wife are, Rudolph D., who aids his father in the 
store; Louis F., a druggist; Adelia, the wife of 
Fred Kebbe, of tiiis city; Herman IL, a saddler; 
and Enim.1, at home. In his political relations, Mr. 
Lehnherr is a Democrat, and has taken an import- 
ant part in the local government, serving for some 
time as Alderman of the Third Ward. In him the 
Lutheran Church finds one of its most earnest 
and valued members, and he has held the office of 

■ ^ P • 

OA. DEAN, M. D., who is successfully en- 
gaged in the practice of medicine in Camp- 
bell Hill, is a native of Cliester, 111. He was 
born June 22, 1854, and is a son of Robert W. and 
Sarah E. (Hanna) Dean. His father was a native 
of Kentuckj', and his mother belonged to one of 
the pioneer families of Randolph Count}'. For 
man}' years they resided in Chester, but are now 
residents of Perry County, 111. In their family 
were seven children, of whom six sons are yet 

The Doctor acquired his early education in the 
common schools, and it wa« supplemented by study 
in the select schools of Carbondale and Du Quoin. 
He was reared upon a farm and afterward engaged 
in teaching school in Randolph, Perry, Monroe and 
Jackson Counties. He was quite successful in that 
undertaking, but at length turned his attention to 
the drug business, and was employed as a clerk in 
a drug store for five years. On the expiration of 
that period, in 1884, he bought a drug store in 
Campbell Hill. He formed a partnership with 
James Hanna, and has since conducted the busi- 
ness with good success, the firm now enjoying a 
liberal patronage. 

Dr. Dean began reading at the age of twenty- 
four years and pursued his studies quietly during 
his leisure hours for some time. In order to fit 
himself for the profession, he then entered the 
medical college of Beaumont, and later became a 

student in the Missouri Medical College of St. 
Louis, from which he was graduated in the Class of 
'88. He at once opened an office in Campbell 
Hill, and from the beginning his practice has con- 
stantly increased, until he now has all of the prac- 
tice at this place. 

In 1877, Dr. Dean was united in miuiiagc willi 
Mrs. Mary A. Wayland, a native of Illinois. She 
died on the 1st of A|)ril, 1883, leaving three chil- 
dren, Grace, Clara and ^Mary. In 1887, the Doctor 
was again married, his second union being with 
Mary L. Redfield, a native of Jackson County, born 
March 8, 1856. They have oneciiild, a daughter, 
Pearl lone. The mother is a member of the Free 
Will Baptist Church and is a most estimable lady. 

The Doctor takes a very active interest in tem- 
perance work, and is a member of the Good Temp- 
lars" society, in wiiich lie lias served as Worthy 
Chief. He also belonged to the JMasonic fraternity. 
He takes an active interest in all that pertains to 
the welfare of the community, and does all in his 
power to advance public welfare. He has been a 
member of the County Medical Association and 
the Southern Illinois Medical Association, and 
among his brethren of the fraternity he holds an 
enviable position, while in the community where 
he lives his skill and ability have won for him a, 
most excellent practice. 

L. LUCIER is engaged in the grocery busi- 
ness in Murphysboro, and is enjoying a 
large trade. He has a well stocked store, 
J complete in all its appointments, and by fair 
and honest dealing and courteous treatment he 
has secured a liberal patronage, which is well mer- 
ited. He is also a Director in the Murphysboro 
Savings Bank. Enterprise and industry are num- 
bered among his chief characteristics and have 
been the essential factors in his success. 

Mr. Lucier was born near Montreal, Canada, 
September 18, 1848, and his grandfather and fa- 
ther, both of whom bore the name of Michael, were 
natives of that country. The father was a farmer 
and served in the Canadian Rebellion. He married 
Clara Danan, who was born in that country, and 



who is of French descent. His death occurred at 
the age of sixt^'-five, but his widow is still living 
in her native land, at the advanced age of eigiity- 
oue. Of their fifteen children, eleven grew to 
manhood and womanliood, while five sons and five 
daugliters are yet living. 

In the usual manner of farmer lads, J. 1^. Lucier 
was reared. He was educated in English and 
French, and in 1864 came to Murpli^sboro, joining 
his brother, Medor. He here attended school for 
two years, after which he spent some time in trav- 
eling in northern Illinois, and later went to Canada. 
Subsequently we find him engaged in clerking in 
Haverstraw, N. Y., and afterward carrying on busi- 
ness for himself. While living there he chose as a 
companion and helpmate on life's journey Miss 
Winnefred Fay. They were married in 1874, and 
became the parents of eight children, seven of 
whom are still under the parental roof, namely: 
K. M., James L., Ludger, Winnefred, Clara B., 
Eugenia and Charles. William died at the age of 
seven years. 

In the fall of 1877, Mr. Lucier again came to 
Murphysboro, and was employed as salesman in 
his brother's grocery store until the autumn of 1885, 
when he began business for himself. He secured a 
small stock of groceries and afterward added a 
stock of general merchandise. Through his ear- 
nest efforts he steadily increased his trade, and at 
length bought a two-story brick block located on 
the square. There he carried on business until the 
fall of 1893, when he built a large and handsome 
store and removed to his present location, at the 
corner of Main and Locust Streets. His store is 
29x93 feet, and two stories in height, with a base- 
ment. He handles general merchandise and ships 
produce quite extensively to St. Louis. He also 
carries on a feed store. In addition to his stores 
he owns a fine residence and other city property. 

Mr. Lucier is a stockholder and Director in the 
Murphysboro Savings Bank, and a stockholder in 
the Southern Illinois Mill and Elevator Company, 
and is a Director of the branch of the East St. Louis 
Safety Homestead and Loan Association of Mur- 
physboro. He was one of the organizers and is a 
Director of the Catholic Knights of Illinois. He 
has contributed liberally to various organizations 

that have materially advanced the best interests of 
the city, and is recognized as one of its valued 
citizens. He is a member and liberal supporter of 
St. Andrew's Catholic Church, and in politics is a 

'ifl OIIN IJ. BEARE. This name will at once 
be recognized by the majority of our read- 
ers as that of one who at one time 
^ was one of the leading agriculturists of 

Randolph County. In addition to general farm- 
ing he was extensively engaged in fruit growing 
and in the manufacture of brandy, wine and cider. 
The estate consists of two hundred and fifteen 
acres, which are tilled in the most thorough man- 
ner and are adorned with a fine set of build- 
ings, second to none in the township. They are 
complete in all their appointments, and the dwell- 
ing is surrounded with all that goes to make a 
home pleasant and attractive. 

Our subject was a representative of a prominent 
and highly esteemed family, whose identification 
with the early development of this county proved 
it a valuable factor in the county's civilization. 
Mr. Beare was born in the canton of Berne, Switz- 
erland, March 24, 1823, and when a child of three 
years was brought by his parents to America, they 
settling in Toledo, Ohio. In 1837 they came to 
Illinois and located in Randolph County, where 
our subject continued to live until the time of his 
death, which occurred May 27, 1892. He assisted 
his father in the operation of his farm until en- 
abled to own one of his own. He engaged in 
farming all his life with the exception of a few 
3'eais, when he was with his brothers, Joseph and 
John, in a grocery store at Chester. Possessing 
the progressive ideas of the age, and making of 
his agricultural pursuit both an art and a science, 
he proved successful in Lis chosen calling, gain- 
ing from the fertile soil abundant crops of excel- 
lent quality. His fruit farm was one of the finest 
in the count}' and the source of a good income. 

The marriage of our subject was solemnized 
April 18, 1849, his wife being Mrs. Mary (Nifong) 



Leavitt. Mrs. Beare bore her husband three chil- 
dren, Margaret, who is deceased; William Nicholas, 
a resident of Ellis Grove; and Joseph A., who 
lived iu San Francisco, Cal. Tiie good wife and 
mother died September 23, 1872, and May 14, 1873, 
Rlr. Beare was married to Mrs. Maria Sophia Eliza- 
beth Kemfor, who still survives. She was the widow 
of John Kemfor, was born in Germany and came 
to America when twenty-five years of age. She 
received excellent home training and good educa- 
tional advantages, and is therefore well qualified 
to fill lier place. She is a consistent member of 
the German Methodist Church, as was her good 
husband. In his political faith Mr. Beare was a 
stanch Democrat. 





<A I^ILLIAM K. BORDERS, one of the wealthy 
\/\J// and most enterprising citizens of Ran- 
^^ dolpli County, is at the head of the Bank 
of Sparta; indeed he is sole proprietor of that insti- 
tution, and is ranked among the leading business 
men of the city. His father, James J. Borders,- 
was born in Randolph County- July 2, 1818, only 
a short time before the state was admitted to the 
Union. At the age of twenty-five, he purchased 
land and began farming for himself. He contin- 
ued to reside on the homestead which he there de- 
veloped until 1878, when he came to Sparta. He 
engaged extensively in raising horses and mules, 
and also had on hand large land speculations. He 
owned at one time as much as ten thousand acres, 
and at his death was the largest land-owner in the 

In the year 1873, in connection with Mr. 
Boyle, James J. Borders purchased the Bank of 
Sparta, then operated by S. P. Smith, and re- 
tained his connection with it up to the date of his 
death. He was a charitable and benevolent man, 
and his help was given in a practical way, which 
enabled the receiver to help himself and thus re- 
tain his self-respect. In politics he was a Demo- 
crat. In 1873 he was elected County Commis- 
sioner. He had previously served as Justice of 
the Peace, but few cases came before him for trial, 

as he almost invariably induced the litigants to 
compromise. Socially he was a Master Mason. 
He was as honest as the day is long, outspoken 
and fearless, and had the confidence of all. His 
death occurred in Sparta, July 22, 1891. 

The mother of our subject bore the maiden 
name of Mary A. Ritchey. She was born in this 
county, and is a daughter of William and Sarah 
(_Hyndman) Ritchey, who were natives of Penn- 
sylvania, and who came thence to Illinois. The fa- 
ther was a coal dealer and a very successful business 
man. Mr. and Mrs. Borders were married about 
1854, and became the parents of eight children, 
namely: Andrew, .James B. and Maggie, deceased; 
William R., of this sketch; Andrew, Mattie E., 
Michael W. and Mary I. James B. married Ada 
McCormick, and lived at Nashville, III. They 
have six children. Andrew was Postmaster at 
Sparta during President Cleveland's first term, and 
is at present Postmaster at Tulare, Cal. He mar- 
ried Mamie Weir, and they have two children, 
Francis and Irene. Mattie E. is the wife of Dr. 
C. F. Taggart, a practicing physician of San Fran- 
cisco, Cal., who was graduated in St. Louis, and is 
now taking a post-graduate course in Berlin, Ger- 
many; they have one child, Norma H. Michael 
W., a practicing attorney of Belleville, III., was 
graduated from the Columbia Law School, of New 
York, and is now holding the office of City Attor- 
ney of Belleville, although he is only twenty-five 
years of age. He married Alice Abby, and they 
have one child. The Borders family is one of 
prominence in Randolph County, its members 
having been inseparably connected with the ma- 
terial progress and development of this com- 
munit}% Maj. Andrew Borders, father of James J., 
was one of the earl^- pioneers and prominent char- 
acters of Illinois. 

Our subject has also borne his share in the work of 
public advancement and improvement. He was 
reared in the usual manner of farmer lads, and be- 
came familiar with all the duties of farm life. He 
entered upon his business career as silent partner in 
the Bank of Sparta in 1873,. and is now sole proprie- 
tor. This is now one of the leading financial insti- 
tutions of the county, conducted on a safe and con 
servative basis, and is a credit to the community as 



well as to the owner. Mr. Borders is a mau of excel- 
lent business and executive abilit}'. and his success 
is well deserved. He is extensively interested in 
the natural gas wells at Sparta. In fact, he was a 
ruling spirit in the company which discovered 
natural gas in Sparta, and is now sole proprietor 
of three flowing wells, with about three miles of 
gas mains. He is also a prominent breeder of trot- 
ting and pacing horses and is a member of the Board 
of Directors of the National Standard Pacing 
Horse Breeders' Company. In politics he is a zeal- 
ous Democrat, but never held, and could net be 
induced to hold, an office. For eight years he 
served as Treasurer of Hope Lodge No. 162, A. F. 
& A. M., and he is also a member of Tancred Com- 
mandery No. 50, at Belleville, 111. He is the larg- 
est owner of city property in Sparta, and one of 
the largest holders of real estate in Randolph 

If j) sixteen years a Member of Congress from 
'^y^ the Eighteenth Congressional District of 
(^/ Illinois, was born in Monroe County, 111., 
September 14,1825. He secured his preliminary 
education in the common schools, and afterward 
attended McKendree College. He enlisted in the 
Mexican War and served as a private in Colonel 
Bissel's regiment under General Taylor, after 
which he studied law and was admitted to the Bar 
in Monroe County. 

In 1852 Mr. Morrison was elected Clerk of Mon- 
roe County, and served in that capacity until 1854, 
when he resigned. He was then chosen to repre- 
sent his district in the Legislature and became 
Speaker of the House in 1859. At the beginning 
of the Rebellion he organized the Forty-ninth Illi- 
nois Infantry and took an active and prominent 
part in the early portion of the war. At the bat- 
tle of Ft. Donelson he was severely wounded. In 
1862, while in command of his regiment, he was 
elected bj' the Democratic party to the Thirty- 
eighth Congress, but was defeated for the Thirty- 
ninth and Fortieth Congresses. 

In 1872 Colonel Morrison again received the 
nomination by the Democratic party, and was 

elected, taking his seat the following 3'ear and 
serving until 1887. From 1875 until 1877, and 
again from 1883 to 1887, he was Chairman of the 
Ways and Means Committee, and in that responsi- 
ble position rendered efficient service, as he did in 
every other duty entrusted to kim. In 1886 he 
was defeated for re-election. He was a delegate 
to the National Union Convention in 1866, and to 
the Democratic Conventions of 1856,1868,1884 
and 1888. At the time of the last election of Gen- 
eral Logan to the United States Senate, Colonel 
Morrison was his opponent, and there was a differ- 
ence of but two votes between their respective 
parties. Though the matter was long and hotlj' con- 
tested, the relations between the two were of the 
most friendly character, as they had been friends 
from an early day and comrades during the war. 
At the expiration of his Congressional service, 
in March, 1887, Colonel Morrison was appointed 
by President Cleveland a member of the Inter- 
State Commerce Commission for a term of five 
years, and was re-appointed by President Harrison 
for six years. For a long time he has been a promi- 
nent factor in the Democratic part}', which he more 
truly represents then any one else in this section. 
On two occasions he has had a strong following 
for the Presidential nomination. He is still active 
and influential in the councils of his party, and is 
held in high regard, nor only by those of similar 
political belief, but by his fellow-men, irrespective 
of part\' affiliations. 

ILLIAM W. COLLIER. This county is 
/' the home of quite a number of men who 
'^/m were thrown upon their own resources at 
an early age, and whose natural aptness and en- 
ergy were developed and strengthened by contact 
with the world, resulting in making their lives 
more than ordinarily successful in worldly prosper- 
ity and in winning respect. Among this number is 
William W. Collier, of Chester, where he is carry- 
ing on a splendid trade in the saddler}- and har- 
ness business. 

A native of Wayne County, Mo., our suliject 
was born near Frederickstown, September 12, 



1847, and is the son of Miles H. and Mary S. 
(Sliort) Collier, natives ies])eetively of Alabama 
and Tennessee. The father, who in early life was 
a merchant, later followed farming, and on the 
outbreak of the Civil War owned a fine estate, 
which with the slaves upon it was valued at 840,- 
000. Desiring to Leave the state, he sold his prop- 
erty for $400, and moving north, made his home 
in Carlj'Ie, Clinton County, this state. He em- 
barked in the saddlery business there, and con- 
tinued to make it his home for many years. He 
was a very capable man, and died while on a visit 
to his son in this cit}-. In his deatu, which oc- 
curred in 1882, not onl3' the family, but the com- 
munity- at large sustained a heav}' loss. The 
mother of our subject departed this life in 1886, 
in St. Louis, Mo., while at the home of her daugh- 
ter, Mrs. J. II. Donewald. 

William W. Collier was the third in order of 
birth of his parents' family of nine children, six 
of whom grew to mature years. He passed his 
boyhood and youth in this state, and at Carlyle 
received a good education in the public school. 
When old enough to choose a life occupation he 
learned the trade ot a saddler from his father, and 
remained in the above place working at his trade 
until 1870, the _year of his removal to Chester. 

May 7, 1870, Mr. Collier launched out in busi- 
ness in this citj-, opening a store along the river 
front, and has continued in the harness business 
up to the present time. He has been more than 
ordinarilj' successful in his chosen trade, although 
he met with severe losses on two occasions. .Jan- 
uary 9, 1879, his dwelling burned, and Decem- 
ber 24, 1887, his store was destroyed, he thereby 
losing 14,700. 

The lady to whom Mr. Collier was married 
March 31, 1874, was known prior to her marriage 
as Miss Angelique E. Smith. She was the daugh- 
ter of David and Frances Smith, and was born and 
reared in this cit}'. By her union with our sub- 
ject she has become the mother of the following 
six children: Minnie C, Lelia S.; Byron S. and 
Mamie, deceased; .Jolin W. and Elbert. 

Mr. Collier believes the principles laid down in 
the Democratic platform are best adapted to the 
needs of the nation, and therefore votes a straight 

ticket. He can alwaj's be counted upon to bear a 
I)art in every worthj' enterprise which is promul- 
gated in the neighborhood, and is particularity in- 
terested in the advancement of the cause of educa- 
tion. This is recognized bj' his fellow-citizens, 
who have bestowed upon him the office of School 
Trustee, which he held for two terms. Socially he 
is a Mason and belongs to Chester JjOdge No. 72. 
Mr. Collier has a neat residence, which is located 
on the bluflf and commands a fine view of the Mis- 
sissippi River. 


OBERT BROWN, who was one of the well- 
f to-do agriculturists of Randolph County, 
i4^\y was residing on an eighty-acre tract, lo- 
)^ cated on section 8, township 8, range 5, at 
the time of his death. He was the son of William 
and Pjliza (Carruthers) Brown, and was born in 
County Down, Ireland. August 22, 1838. He 
came to America in 1855, and meeting a brother 
who was living in Pennsylvania, remained there a 
few weeks, when he came with him to Randolph 
County, their destination being Rockwood, which 
at that time was known as Liberty. 

On reaching this county, the young Irish lad 
engaged to work on neighboring farms for several 
years, and then purchasing a tract of lorty acres 
in township 7, range 5, there made his home for 
six j-ears. Previous to buying tliis tract, however, 
he was married, February 28, 1858, to Miss Mar- 
garet L., daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth (An- 
derson) Kelly, also natives of Count}' Down, Ire- 
land, whence they emigrated to the United States 
some sixty years ago. The}- located in Rockland 
County, N. Y., where Margaret was born March 8, 
1841. In the summer of 1842, Thomas Kell\-. with 
his family, came to this count}-, and made his home 
near Rockwood until his death May 29, 1891. His 
good wife died July 5, 1872. 

After residing six years on his first purchase, 
our subject bought a quarter-section elsewhere in 
this locality, and resided on it for seven years, 
when he made permanent location on section 8. 
By this union with Miss Brown there were born 
ten children, of whom four survive. They are, 



Eliza Ellen, Maggie, Elijah and Harvey Robert. 
Those deceased are, William, Henry, Mary Ann, 
John Walker, John C. and Minnie. Mr. Brown 
during his lifetime was a member of the Presby- 
terian Church, with which body his widow and 
children arc connected. 

3<' ?^C 

/RANCIS GOLLON, one of the noted busi- 
ness men of the cit3' of Chester, is a native 
of Prussia Poland, and was born January 
26, 1839. His parents, Jacob and Barbara (Singer) 
Gollon, were also born in Prussia, and lived and 
died in that country. Our subject attended the 
schools of his native laud, and when old enough 
commenced to cultivate a farm for bis parents, at 
which he continued until reaching his eighteenth 
year, when he determined to emigrate to America. 
After landing in New York Cit}-, he made his way 
to Peoria, this state, and began to learn the trade 
of a baker, at which he worked for the following 
two years. At the expiration of that time he 
came to Chester to visit a brother who was resid- 
ing here. It had been his intention to go farther 
south, but instead he engaged to work in the 
bakery of William Bruns, who was just starting a 
shop. After a time our subject was enabled to 
embark in business for himself, and continued in 
this until the latter part of I860. The following 
year we find him working at his trade in New 
Orleans. Having an opportunity to engage as pas- 
try cook on the steamer "Paj'tona," plying from 
Louisville to New Orleans, he accepted the posi- 
tion, but a few months later, however, he resigned 
and commenced working in the last named city. 
After three months in that city he went to Cairo, 
and worked in the Government baker}' there until 
just after the battle of Pittsburg Landing, in 1862. 
Mr. Gollon then joined the army stationed at 
the above city and baked for them. He subse- 
quently visited many places, among which were 
Helena, Ark., and Vicksburg, and went with the 
regiment on Bank's expedition on Red River. In 
the spring of 1864 our subject returned to New 
Orleans, and in June of that year made his way to 
Chester. He soon entered into partnership with 

Valentine Ritter, who was engaged in the retail 
liquor business. After a year thus spent he bought 
out his partner, and has .since conducted the 
business alone. In addition to this he has been 
engaged in the hotel and restaurant business a 
great deal of the time, besides dealing extensively- 
in ice and in wholesaling beer. Because of his 
straightforward manner and sagacity he is consid- 
ered one of Chester's solid business men and has 
gained the entire confidence and respect of the 
community. Politically Mr. Gollon is a stalwart 
Republican in principle, but in local affairs is 
rather conservative, voting for the best man, irre- 
spective of party. 

January 11, 1866, Miss Rosa Dushinks}', a 
daughter of Joseph and Julia (Gollon) Dusbinks}-, 
became the wife of our subject. The parents of 
Mrs. Gollon emigrated from Prussia in an early 
day, and spent the remainder of their lives in Ches- 
ter. Fourteen children came to bless the union of 
our subject and his estimable wife, four of whom 
are deceased. The living are: Frank, who is mar- 
ried and makes his home in Chicago; Edward, who 
is engaged as a railway postal clerk; Louis, who is 
a jeweler; and Clem, John, Bertha, Rosa, Georgiana, 
Leon and James Blaine, all of whom are attending 
school. The last-named was born November 4, 
1884, on the night of the defeat of James G. 
Blaine for President. Mr. and Mrs. Gollon, with 
their entire family, are devout members of the Ro- 
man Catholic Church. 

JULIUS H. JAENKE, a harness dealer of 
Burksville, is numbered among the promi- 
nent and representative business men of 
that place. He well merits the prominent 
position which he fills and the high regard in 
which he is held. He was born in Germany, De- 
cember 21, 1851, and is a son of Ehrenfried G. 
and Christiana (Grallert) Jaenke, both of whom 
were natives of Prussia. Their family numbered 
six children, of whom four are 3-et living: Will- 
iam, Fred, Julius H. and George J. The parents 
were both reared and educated in their native 
land. The father was a millwright by trade. In 



1852 he brought his wife and children to the 
United Slates, and on reaching the shores of this 
country, came directly to Waterloo, 111., where he 
followed coopering for a time. He afterward pur- 
chased an eight3--acrc farm in Monroe Countj', and 
successfull}' carried on agricultural pursuits until 
his death. Both he and his wife were members 
of St. Paul's Church, and in politics he was a Re- 
publican. His death occurred at the age of sixty- 
seven, and his wife passed away at the age of 
sixty-two j'ears. 

It was during the infancy of our subject that 
he was brought to America. He attended school 
until thirteen 3'ears of age, and then began earn- 
ing his own livelihood by learning the harness- 
maker's trade, serving a three years' apprentice- 
ship. He then again attended school, and after 
pursuing his studies for a time in the high school 
at AVaterloo he began teaching. Subsequently he 
was for three terms a student in the state normal 
school at Carbondale, 111. He then resumed teach- 
ing, which profession he followed for twelve 3'ears, 
being recognized as one of the most able instruc- 
tors in the countj'. 

On leaving the normal school, Mr. Jaenke was 
united in marriage with Miss Maiy Keck, a native 
of Monroe County, who was reared and educated 
near Waterloo, and who is a highly cultured and 
refined lady. Two children were born to them, of 
whom one is j'et living, Julius H. The mother 
was a faithful member of St. Paul's Church of 
Waterloo, and was a most estimable lady. Her 
death occurred at the early age of twenty-six 
years. For his second wife, Mr. Jaenke chose 
Catherine Trost, also a native of Monroe County, 
where her maidenhood days were passed. Three 
children graced this union, of whom two are yet 
living, Lydia and Flora. The mother is a highly 
educated lady, and belongs to the Lutheran Church. 

Mr. Jaenke continued to engage in teaching for 
some years. He then abandoned that profession, 
and gave his entire attention to farming and har- 
ness-making, which pursuits he still follows. He 
is the owner of one hundred and eighty acres of 
rich land, under a high state of cultivation and 
well improved, and also owns some town property. 
As a harness dealer he is doing a good business, 

and enjoys a constantly increasing trade, which he 
well merits, for he is honorable and upright in all 
transactions and earnestly' desires to please his 
customers. He cairies a policy' in the Northwest- 
ern Insurance Company of Chicago for ^1,000. 
He is a member of the Harigari Lodge of Water- 
loo, and has held the offices of Township Assessor 
and Justice of the Peace, discharging his duties 
with credit to himself and satisfaction to his con- 
stituents. He votes indeiiendently, preferring to 
support the man whom he thinks best qualified for 
the office. Mr. Jaenke is a member of the Lutheran 
Church, and is now serving as its President. 


J^! NDREW GARNER, lately deceased, was an 
WlU\\ intelligent and enterprising farmer who 
resided in township 6, range 7, Randolph 
County. He was a native of the Father- 
land, and was born September 12, 1832. He was 
the second child in order of birth in a family of 
three children born to George and Magdalena 
(Helmana) Garner. The parents emigrated to the 
United States in 1851, locating in this county, 
where they died. 

Our subject attended the model schools of his 
native country, and after coming to America com- 
menced farming on his own account. He was then 
twenty-one years of age, and he became one of the 
leading farmers of the county. The neat and at- 
tractive estate com]n'ises two hundred fertile acres, 
on which he carried on general farming and stock- 
raising. On the place are to be found all the re- 
quisites necessary for conducting successful farm- 
ing, and the many outbuildings are adequate for 
the care of the grain and stock. In 1860 he 
erected a cooper shop on his farm and employed a 
number of men to make flour barrels, which enter- 
prise was very successful. 

In the j'ear 1854 Mr. Garner was united in 
marriage with Catherine Denninger, who was a 
native of Germanj^ and who came to Illinois 
in an earlj' day with her parents. She bore her 
husband four children, all of whom yet survive: 
Emma, who is the wife of Baty Schultz and lives 
in St. Louis; Jane, who is the wife of John McDon- 



aid, and resides on a farm near Ellis Grove; Chris- 
tian who married Ella Humphry, and is a farmer 
near Ellis Grove; and Anna, the wife of William 
Schoeppel, residents of Ellis Grove. On Septem- 
ber 1, 1892, the wife and mother passed to the 
land of rest, and Mr. Garner moved from his farm 
to Ellis Grove, where he lived with his youngest 
daughter until death called him to rest, Jan- 
uary 10, 1894. Neither Mr. Garner nor his wife 
were members of a church. He was a member of 
Kaskaskia Lodge No. 86, F. & A. M., and politi- 
cally cast his vote for the candidates of the Deni- 
ovatic party. 

^^EORGE B. ALLISON, of Chester, is a na- 
III (— , tive of Maries Count}-, Mo., and was born 
^^ijl March 10, 1862. He is a son of Ebenezer 
and Margaret (Gow) Allison, natives of Scotland, 
the former having been born in Fifeshire, and the 
latter in Perthshire. The paternal grandparents, 
John and Jane (Beveredge) Allison, were also na- 
tives of the Lowlands of Scotland. The maternal 
grandparents were William and Elizabeth Gow, 
the latter of whom is still living in the High- 
lands, and has attained the advanced age of one 
hundred and one years (1894). 

In the spring of 1856 Ebenezer Allison and 
Miss Margaret Gow were united in marriage, and 
a few months later they bade farewell to their 
childhood's home and set-sail for America. Land- 
ing in New York, they proceeded thence to Roches- 
ter, where they remained on a farm about three 
years. Traveling still further westward and set- 
tling in Missouri, they entered land some fourteen 
miles south of RoUa, where they engaged in farm- 
ing for seven years. The war coming on, they 
were unable to get away from the county, although 
the surroundings were not pleasant, owing to tlie 
fact that they were faithful to the Union, while 
their neighbors were mostly southern sympathizers. 
RoUa was at that time a military post, and Eben- 
ezer Allison joined the militia service, which 
drew upon him the animosity of his fellow-citi- 
zens. His life was constantly in danger, and 
often, after retiring, he could hear the sound of 

approaching footsteps, the neighing of horses and 
the lowing of cattle, and knew that his best 
stock was being stolen, but he did not dare to 
protest. Had he done so, it would have cost him 
his life. 

The Rebellion ended, Mr. Allison sold his farm 
in Missouri in the spring of 1866, and came di- 
rectly to Chester, where a brother held the position 
of miller in Cole's mill. For the four years suc- 
ceeding his advent in Randolph County he oper- 
ated rented land near Chester, and then pur- 
chased the farm where his widow still resides. 
Twenty years after coming to this state he passed 
awaj', in March, 1886. He and his wife had a 
famil}' of seven sons and one daughter, five of 
whom are now living, viz.: William G., a stock- 
dealer in Chester; George B., Postmaster at Ches- 
ter; Ebenezer, proprietor of a fine grocery store 
on Main Street, Chester; Alex G., who is living 
on the old homestead with his mother; and David. 

The subject of this sketch spent his early child- 
liood d.ays on the farm. His primary education 
was secured in the district school and was supple- 
mented with two years in the South Normal In- 
stitute of Carbondale. The six months succeeding 
his normal course he taught in thejdistrict schools 
of Randolph County. During the summer seasons 
he read law in the office of H. Clay Horner, of Ches- 
ter, and in August, 1886, he was admitted to the Bar 
of Randolph County. In the county seat he began 
the practice of his profession, and continued thus 
engaged until his appointment as Postmaster at 
Chester, under President Harrison, his commission 
bearing date of December 22, 1891. , 

Since casting his first vote in a Presidential 
election for James G. Blaine, Mr. Allison has con- 
tinued loyal to the principles of the Republican 
party. He made the race for Prosecuting Attor- 
ney, and, although the county is hopelessly Dem- 
ocratic, he ran some sixty votes ahead of his 
ticket. Socially, he is connected witli the order 
of Knights of Pythias, in which he has filled the 
highest local offices. He is also a prominent mem- 
ber of the Chester Club. 

The lady who, September 8, 1886, became the 
wife of Mr. Allison was Flora, daughter of Rob- 
ert and Kate (Harmon) Gant, natives of Randolph 



County. Her father was a representative of an 
old English family, members of which were earlj' 
settlers of Pennsj-lvania, coming thence to this 
county man3' years ago. The Harmon family is 
of Dutch origin. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Allison have 
been born three children, Maggie M., Robert G. 
and William E. Mrs. Allison is a member of the 
Methodist Church, and Mr. Allison is a regular 
attendant at the services of that denomination, 
though not a member. In the social circles of 
Chester they are worthily held in high esteem. 

Jn OHN S. BALTZELL, who for the past two 
I 3-ears has been telegraph operator at Perc}', 
' has the honor of being a native of Illinois, 
' his birth having occurred in Union County, 

July 11, 1860. He is the youngest child of John 
and Rapsy (Lewis) Baltzell. His father was a na- 
tive of Maryland, and when quite young came to 
this state with his parents, the family locating in 
Jonesboro, 111. The grandfather of our subject, 
Henry Baltzell, spent his remaining days in this 
state, and died near Grand Tower. The father 
carried on a supply store and wood yard on the 
river near Grand Tower until the great overflow 
in 1844, when he began school teaching, which 
profession he followed until his death, which oc- 
curred January 1, 1860, a few months before the 
birth of our subject. Mrs. Baltzell is still living, 
and has reached the advanced age of seventy-two. 
She makes her home in Belleville, 111. 

Mr. Baltzell of this sketch received his pri- 
mary education near Cobden, Union County, 111., 
and subsequently' attended school in Alto Pass, 
111., for two terms, alternating his studies with 
farm work in that community. At the age of six- 
teen he began learning telegraphy- in Jonesboro, 
and has since devoted the greater part of his time 
and attention to that work. After studying for 
seven months he started out to seek a position, 
and going to the south secured employment in 
Little Rock, Ark. He went from that place to 
Bismarck, Mo., and thence returned to Alto Pass, 
111. Later he was employed in the general office 
of the Mobile (k Ohio Railroad at St. Louis, Mo., 

and on leaving the city he went to Millstadt. We 
next find him in Perc}', where he continued tele- 
graph operating until his removal to Cairo, 111. 
On leaving that pl.ace he again went south, locat- 
ing in Union City, Tenn., whence he retunied to 
Columbia, 111. He afterward was again emplo3'ed 
in the general office in St. Louis, and later Jn 
O'Kean and Olyphant, Ark. A short time was 
then spent in McNeil. Mo., after which he returned 
home on a visit and then located in Baldwin, 111. 
After being emploj-ed as operator in Blackwater, 
Mo., for a period of four years he then again re- 
turned to Baldwin, later he was employed in A\^ 
Pass, and thence came to Percy, where he has now 
been located for the past two years. 

In 1888 Mr. Baltzell was united in marriage 
with Miss Alice Brown, of Percy, a daughter of 
David and Elizabeth (Harmon) Brown. Their 
union has been blessed with two children, Homer 
and Ethel, who are with their parents. Mrs. Balt- 
zell is a member of the Methodist Church, and is a 
most estimable lady, who is held in high regard 
throughout the communitj' in which she makes her 

Mr. Baltzell holds membership with Blackwater 
Lodge No. 127, 1. O. O. F., of Blackwater, Mo., has 
filled all of its offices, and is now Past Grand. He 
exercises his right of franchise in support of the 
Democratic part^-, but is busily emploved in his 
profession and has never aspired to public office. 
He thoroughly understands his business and is rec- 
ognized as an able operator. In Percy and through- 
out the community he h:is many warm friends who 
esteem him highl3- for his sterling worth. 

S|Hi)ENJAMIN J. L. GROSS is one of the enter- 
jll<^ prising business men of New Palestine, 
/^) I Randolph County. His birth occurred in 
'is^^ Rochester, N. Y., April 1, 1854, and he was 
the third child born to Conrad and Catherine 
(Dihlmann) Gross, both natives of Germanj-. In 
1866 the parents removed to this count3'. The3- 
lived here until their deaths, the mother, d3-ing 
June 19, 1881, and the father, .lune 24, 1888. 

Our subject was twelve years old when the 
journe3' was made hither. He had attended the 



schools in his native state, but after coming here, for 
three years was a student in the Lutlieran scliool, 
and spent one year at the public school. When 
fifteen years old he began learning his father's 
trade, blacksmithing, and has been in tliat business 
ever since. In 1880 he embarked for himself in 
New Palestine, where he is enjoj'ing a large and 
profitable trade, manufacturing wagons, plows and 
harrows in connection with his general repair 

The marriage of Mr. Gross and Miss Justina, 
daughter of Adam and Elizabeth Breacher, na- 
tives of Germany, occurred December 26, 1881. 
To this marriage nine children were born, tiie two 
eldest of whom died in infancy. The others are: 
John and Conrad, who are attending school in 
Chester; Alfred, Hulda, Irene, Justina and Sig- 
mund, who are at home with their parents. Mr. 
and Mrs. Gross are devoted members of the Lu- 
theran Church and are held in high esteem by 
the entire community. Politically, Mr. Gross is 
conservative, preferring to cast his ballot for the 
man, irrespective of party. 



bAVVRENCE MERGELE was born in Ger- 
) many on the 10th of August, 1826, and 
, I was reared and educated in that country. 

In 1845, at the age of nineteen, he bade adieu to 
friends and Fatherland and sailed for the New 
World. He landed in New York and worked for 
some time in that city in order to acquire the nec- 
essary funds to bring him to the west. He then 
made his way to Illinois, locating near Glasgow, 
where he afterward married Miss Mary Brown. 

The young couple began their domestic life 
upon an unbroken farm. The entire county was 
in its primitive condition, and the work of prog- 
ress and civilization seemed scarcely begun. All 
was wild and unimproved, and deer and wolves 
were numerous. The famil}' experienced all the 
hardships and trials of frontier life, but the efforts 
of Mr. Mergele were abi}' seconded by his wife, who 
proved to him a faithful helpmate. She was born 
in Germany in 1832, and when onl3' a year old 

was brought to this country by her parents, who 
settled in St. Louis, where she acquired her educa- 
tion m the common schools. Unto Mr. and Mrs. 
Mergele were born six children, but only four are 
now living. The eldest, Theresa, died in 1889, 
and the youngest, Lizzie, died at the age of ten 
years. Those still living are Caroline, Kate, Frank 
and Bernard. Kate was born in 1857, near Glas- 
gow, and under the parental roof grew to woman- 
hood. She attended a- convent in Waterloo one 
winter, but made her home with her parents until 
twent}'-five years of age, when she became the wife 
of George Leibach, and removed to Glasgow, where 
her husband worked as a saddler. Two years later 
they came to Burksville, where Mr. Leibach fol- 
lowed the same business for a time. Later they 
went to Denver, Colo., where he carried on a gro- 
cery store until going to New Mexico. His death 
there occurred on the 30th of November, 1892. 
Mrs. Leibach still survives her husband and is living 
upon the home farm in this county. She iiad three 
children, one of whom, Frank is deceased. Celia 
and George are still with their mother. . Bernard 
Mergele, the youngest member of the family, was 
born December 15, 1872, in this county, and now 
operates the old homestead. He is a wide-awake 
and enterprising agriculturist, and the neat ap- 
pearance of the farm indicates his enterprise. He 
holds membership with the Catholic Church. 

Mr. and Mrs. Mergele traveled life's journey 
together for fifty-five years, sharing witli each 
other its joys and sorrows, its adversity and pros- 
perity. They were separated by death in 1887, 
when the wife and mother was called to the home 
beyond. Her remains were interred in Tipton. 
With the Catholic Church she held membership, 
and she was a most highly respectecl woman. 
After the death of his first wife, Mr. Mergele re- 
moved to Burksville, and thence to a farm close 
by. He was afterward again married, his second 
union being with Mrs. La Forge, who is still living. 
While residing in Burksville, Mr. Mergele car- 
ried on milling for some time. In earl}' life he 
served in the Mexican War, and as a result of 
his service his health was always somewhat im- 
paired. By the Government lie was given a pen- 
sion, which proved of benefit to him in his declin- 



ing years. After about a year's illness his death 
occurred, May 17, 1890, and his remains were in- 
terred in Tipton Cemetery. He, too, was a mem- 
ber of the Catholic Church. By his industry and 
economy he had accumulated several hundred 
acres of land, and thus left his family in comforta- 
ble circumstances. His life was well and worthily 
passed, and by an lionorable, upright career, he 
won the high regard of all. 

P. WALKER, one of tlie well known 
farmers of Jackson County, resides on sec- 
tion 31, Elkville Township. He claims 
Michigan as the state of his nativity, his 
birth having occurred in Grass Lake, in 1838. He 
traces his ancestry back to 1620, and the family 
numbers among its members some of the most 
noted people of Ohio and Illinois. In his native 
state he grew to manhood, and there received a lib- 
eral education, which was completed by a course of 
study in the Kalamazoo Baptist College. For five 
years he tauglit school, and proved an able in- 
structor. With the capital which he had thereby 
acquired he then embarked in the drug business at 
Grass Lake, where for eight years he enjoyed a 
good trade and the prosperity it brought to him. 
In 1862, in his native town, Mr. Walker was 
joined in wedlock with Miss Malissa Babbitt, a 
daughter of Levi Babbitt, but tlie lady died of 
consumption shortly after her marriage. In 1866, 
he married Miss Katie Smith, of Schoolcraft, Mich. 
She was a most estimable lady and possessed su- 
perior talent in vocal music. Her death, which 
occurred in 1872, was widely and deeply mourned. 
On the 3d of June, 1879, Mr. Walker was united 
in marriage with Mrs. L. E. Kuglcr, a relative of 
J. H. Kugler, who is widely known as a steamboat 
pilot. Her father, Mahlon Van Pelt, was a noted 
stock-raiser of Highland, Ohio, and married P^liza- 
beth Arthur, a relative of tlie late President Arthur. 
Mrs. Walker is possessed of unusual force of char- 
acter and intelligence, and as a newspaper cor- 
respondent has won an enviable reputation by her 
sharp, clear sarcasm and her humor. The children 
of Mrs. Walker by her former marriage are two 

ill number, Fannie, who married Robert Ruther- 
ford, an artist residing in Council Bluffs, Iowa; 
and Dudley, who resides on the old homestead. 

About 1878, Mr. Walker removed from his old 
home in Grass Lake, Mich., and came to Jackson 
County, 111. He settled on section 31, Elkville 
Township, where he jjurcliased one hundred and 
sixty-five acres of valuable land, which constitutes 
one of the finest farms in the community. It is 
neat and thrifty in appearance, and the many im- 
provements upon the place stand as monuments to 
his thrift and enterprise. The greater part of his 
time and attention are now devoted to its further 
cultivation. Mr. and Mrs. Walker are people of 
intelligence and worth, and are well informed on 
the questions of the da}-. They take a deep interest 
in old-time mementos and relics, and as the years 
have passed, have collected a number of very in- 
teresting and valuable souvenirs. The}' have in 
their possession a copy of the Boston Gazette which 
was published in 1770, and a Vicksburg paper 
which was published during the war and printed 
on wall paper. 

J. BURGE. This name will be at once 
recognized as that of a leading business man 
of Tamaroa, who is carrying on a prosper- 
(^/' ous trade as a dealer in farm implements. 
His establishment is supplied with a complete line 
of machinery suited to the needs of the farmer. 
Both in prices and quality the stock is exceptional, 
and through reliable dealings with all, the proprie- 
tor has gained the confidence of the people of this 

The subject of this sketch was born in Wayne 
County, 111., in 1848. At the time his parents re- 
moved to this place, in 1859, he accompanied 
them, and has since made this place his home, 
with the exception of a short time spent in the 
west. He was one in a family of nine children 
born to William and Nanc}' (Adams) Burge, na- 
tives respectively of Tennessee and Kentucky. 
The eldest brother of our subject, John R., entered 
the Union army in 1862, becoming a member of 
Company F, Thirteenth Illinois Cavalry, and served 


f a'^^^k 





his country faithfullj' and well until the close of 
liostilities. His death, which occurred in Tamaroa, 
was caused b_y consumijtion. 

J. J. Burge was also of a ver^' patriotic nature, 
and was only detained from entering the army on 
account of liis age. In 1880 he engaged in selling 
farm implements, and eleven years later formed a 
partnership with H. W. Adams, the firm now con- 
ducting business under the stj-le of Adams & 
Burge. Our subject deals fairly with ever^' one, 
lives a life of the strictest integrity, and has gained 
not only the respect, but the high esteem of a very 
wide circle of acquaintances. 

The lady witii whom Mr. Burge was united in 
marriage in 1881 was Miss Cassie Freeman, a resi- 
dent of this city. Their union has been blessed 
b3' the birth of three children. Harlon C, Ebert (de- 
ceased) and A!«bie R. In his political relations 
Jlr. Burge is a stanch Republican, and although an 
active supporter of its principles, is not one to seek 
political preferences. He is a member of the In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows, with which bodj- 
he has been connected since early manhood. Mrs. 
Burge is a member of the Methodist Episcopal 

I^OX. WILLIAM J. ALLEN, LL. B., of the 
l|)V LTnited States District Court for southern 
/^^^ Illinois. In presenting to the readers of 
(^) this volume the biographj' of Judge Allen, 
we are perpetuating the life work of one of the 
most honored residents of the state. Throughout 
a long, honorable and influential career, he has 
maintained that energy and integrity which char- 
acterized his earlier \'ears. Nor has his success 
been merely in accumulating wealth, but in the 
better sense of the word, he has been successful in 
serving others, in doing good and in winning the 
respect and esteem of a very large circle of ac- 
quaintances. Laborious and patient, exhibiting 
by his life his self-reliant spirit and strong individ- 
uality, the influence he unconsciously exerts has a 
future as well as a present bearing upon the prog- 
ress of this section of the state. 

The record of the life of Willis Allen, father of 
the Judge, is one of which his descendants may 

justly be proud. Possessed of that indefatigable 
industry and legal ability which was later so abun- 
dautl3' evinced by the son of whom we write, he 
became eminent in the political circles of southern 
Illinois. He was born in Tennessee in December, 
1806, and there married Miss Elizabeth Joiner. 
In 1830 he came to Illinois and commenced farm- 
ing in what was then Franklin County'. He served 
as Sheriff, Representative and State Senator, and 
in 1841 was elected State's Attorney for the Cir- 
cuit. He was a member of the Constitutional Con- 
vention of 1847, and of Congress from 1851 until 
1855. As a lawyer he was successful, and at the 
time of his death was Judge of the Circuit Court. 
He died in April, 1859, while his wife, who was 
born in 1807, survived him three ^-ears, passing 
away in 1862. They left three sons and two 

Born in Wilson County, Tenn., June 9, 1829, 
our subject was brought by his parents to Illinois 
when an infant. He received his literary education 
at a boarding school, and was graduated in 1849 
from the Law School of Louisville, Ky. Open- 
ing an office at Metropolis, 111., he removed from 
there to Williamson County in 1853, and practiced 
in Marion until 1854, when he was elected to the 
Lower House of the State Legislature. In the 
spring of 1855 he was appointed United States Dis- 
trict Attorney, and four years later resigned that 
position to resume the practice of law at Marion. 
He was elected Circuit Judge to succeed his father 
in 1859. holding the office until December, 1861, 
when he became a member of the Constitutional 
Convention. In the spring of 1862 he was elected 
to Congress, and there served on the Committee 
on Claims, also the Committees on Territories and 

Next we find Judge Allen located at Cairo, 111., 
where he remained until 1874. and whence he re- 
moved to Carbondale. During his residence in 
these cities he devoted his attention to the prac- 
tice of his chosen profession, being employed by 
Governor Beveridge to prosecute the AYilliamson 
County vendetta. This delicate and dangerous 
service he performed with fearlessness and distin- 
guished ability, convicting all the leaders and re- 
storing peace to the community. In 1886 he re- 



moved from Carbondale to Springfield, and in 
,Iune of that year formed a partnership with C. C. 
Brown it Son, tlie.firm name being Allen, Brown A- 
Brown. This partnership was continued until our 
subject was appointed in 1887 to his present 
■ludgeship. Throughout his entire life he has 
been a stanch supporter of Deraocravic principles. 
The marriage of Judge Allen and Miss Annie 
McKeen, of Maryland, was celebrated in Decem- 
ber, 1858. Mrs. Allen was born in 1840, and is a 
daughter of Hugh Blair and Ursula McKeen, na- 
tives of Maryland, and now deceased. Of the 
union of Judge and Mrs. Allen, six children were 
born, five of whom are now living, namely: Willis, 
Miriam, Robert M., Louise and John B. 


i;ILLlAM FRICK, Sr., a well known farmer 
^jll residing on section 17, township 3, range 
'^^ 8 west, ]\Ionroe County, was born in the 
Hessian province of German}^ on the Sd of Octo- 
ber, 1819, and is a son of Henry and Catherine 
Frick. His father was a farmer and butcher. In 
1833, accompanied by his family, he crossed the 
Atlantic, landing in New Orleans in M.a^' of that 
year. The^- went thence to Little Rock, on to St. 
Louis, and later to Belleville, St. Clair County, in 
the vicinity of whicii place the family lived for 
some time, the members working for farmers in 
the neighborhood until 1834, when the father 
rented a farm. In the fall of 1835 the family 
came to Monroe County, where again a farm was 
rented. For a short time the sons worked for 
others, and then worked upon the home farm, a 
claim of school land having been secured. Mr. 
Frick. Sr., continued to live in this locality until 
called to the home beyond, on the 4th of .Septem- 
ber, 1860. In the familj' were eight children, five 
of whom are still living, John, William, Charles, 
Ernst and Jacob. 

William Frick, of this sketch, continued to work 
as a farm hand until twenty-two yeai-s of age. In 
1840 he bought land in Randolph County-, a tract 
of one hundred and sixty acres, comprising forty 
acres of timber land and one liundred and twenty 
acres of prairie. On the 17th of September. 1850, 

he married Mary Magdelena, daughter of Christo- 
pher He}-!, a native of Germany, who came to Illi- 
nois from Pennsylvania about 1835 and settled in 
Jlonroe Countj'. Mrs. Frick was born in Pennsyl- 
vania September 1, 1833. The j'oung couple be- 
gan their domestic life upon his farm in Randolph 
Count}', but after two years our subject sold out 
and removed to the farm which is now his home. 
He and his brother John are the oldest settlers 
living in the township. AVhen they came here, deer, 
wild turkeys and other game were very plentiful. 
The land was wild, and tlie work of civilization 
seemed hardly begun. 

In 1890, Mr. Frick was called upon to mourn the 
loss of his wife, who died on the 23d of Septem- 
ber. In their family were eleven children, eight 
of whom are still living: William Henry, a farmer; 
Mary Magdalena, wife of Charles "Menmann, who 
operates a farm belonging to her father; Louisa, 
wife of Amend Streichcr, of Red Bud; Carolina 
Henrietta; Johanna, wife of John Whiteside, an 
agriculturist of this community; Mary Ann, at 
home; Emil D., a merchant of St. Louis; Edward 
Christopher; and Ernest Henry, who are still upon 
the home farm. One child died in inSancy; Eliza- 
beth died at the age of six and a-half. and JIary 
when eight and a-half years of age. 

Mr. Frick at one time owned over four hundred 
acres of land, but now has three hundred and 
eighty-three acres, forty-three on section 18, forty 
on section 7, one hundred and twenty on section 
5, eigiity on section 17, eighty on section 21. and 
twenty on section 16. The land is all highly culti- 
vated and improved, and Mr. Frick successfully 
carries on general farming and stock-raising. He 
started in life for himself without a dollar, and in h is 
early years had to work very hard to provide for his 
own maintenance, but he was industrious and 
frugal, saved his money, and by judicious invest- 
ments and well directed efforts he has become one 
of the substantial farmers of the community. In 
politics he is a stanch supporter of the Democracy, 
and for three years was Supervisor of his town- 
ship. He was one of the organizere of the Evan- 
gelical Church, is now serving as Trustee, and has 
ever been one of its active and faithful workers. 
Mr. Frick in an early day drove a peddler's wagon 



from Hecker to 8t. Louis. He supplied tlie mer- 
chants with goods, and took their produce to 
market in St. Louis, making tliree trips every two 
weeks. This was during the cholera epidemic in 

•jf^^RITZ .JENKEL is classed among the intel- 
K^Gji ligeut, keen and successful German farm- 
/li ers of Perry County and is contributing 

much to its material prosperity. His property, 
which consists of one hundred and twenty acres, 
is located on section 36, township 4, range 3 west, 
and is kept up to the highest point in every re- 
spect, being supplied with neat and well ordered 
buildings and the most im[)roved modern ma- 

Fritz and Mar}' (Ahrens) Jenkel, the parents of 
our subject, were born in Germany. The grand- 
father was a tailor by trade, and for many years 
held a Government position as forestman. When 
too old to follow this business any longer he was 
retired with a good pension. In early manhood 
he was ordered to enter the German arm}-, and 
not wishing to do so, was about to be forced into 
the service when his young wife locked him in 
a clothes press and thus he evaded his would-be 

The father of our subject learned the carpen- 
ter's trade in early life, but did not follow that 
occupation, as he succeeded his father as forest- 
man and held that position until coming to the 
United States. The lady whom he married in his 
native country was the daughter of Henr>' Ahrens, 
a well-to-do farmer and a devoted Baptist in re- 
ligion, who was so persecuted by his enemies that 
he was compelled to spend the greater part of his 
•life either in the woods or in prison. 

Fritz .Jenkel, Sr., emigrated to the United States 
with his familj' in 1854, and when locating in St. 
Louis was without means of any kind. He worked 
for other people for the succeeding two 3'ears, 
after which he came to Illinois and made his home 
for some time in St. Clair County. In 1858 he 
came to Perry Count}', where he purchased eighty 
acres of land and resided until liis decease. The 

parental family included ten children, of whom 
six were born in Germany. They were William, 
Fritz, Elizabeth, Mary; Henry and Dora (twins); 
Mina, Ida, Catherine, and one who died in infancy. 
Of this family, our subject, Ida and Catherine are 
the only members living. 

Our subject born December 13, 1835, and 
I'eceived a fair education in his native land. Be- 
ing one of the eldest children, he was compelled 
to aid his father in the support of the family. 
When nine years of age he began to workout, and 
after coming to the United States was employed 
by other people for a number of years. The lady 
whom he married in his twenty-fifth year was Mrs. 
Julia A. Holstetter, daughter of Jacob Hoot. Mrs. 
Jenkel was also a native of Germany, and by her 
union with our subject has become the mother of 
five children, viz.: Henry, William, John, George 
and Mary. In 1862 our subject located in this 
county, and after renting property for a twelve- 
month purchased his present farm, the greater 
portion of which he has cleared himself. With his 
wife he is a member in good standing of the Bap- 
tist Church at Oak Grove, in which body he has 
served as Deacon for the past sixteen years. He 
is not connected with any political party, but al- 
ways votes for the best man. 

JR. W. J. HARRAL is a well known and 
) rising young physician now engaged in 
the practice of medicine in Elkville. He 
" claims Tennessee as the state of his nativ- 

ity, and in its schools he received a liberal educa- 
tion. Determining to take up the practice of 
medicine and make it his life work, he entered the 
college at Jlemphis, Tenn., and was graduated 
with honor from that institution with the degree 
of M. D. 

Mr. Harial is a doctor of the old school. He 
began practice in 1883 and has continued it unin- 
terruptedly up to the present time, in the early 
part of 1894. His ability to properly diagnose 
difficult cases soon brought him conspicuously be- 
fore the public and made him well known to a 
wide territory. His practice from the beginning 



steadily increased and in a few years extended 
tluoughout the more densely populated districts 
of the western part of Middle Tennessee. 

Shortly after beginning practice, as he was now 
starling out for himself, Dr. Harral chose as a 
companion and helpmate on life's journey Miss 
Kugcnia Thompson, a daughter of J.N.Thomp- 
son, a native of North Carolina. The parents of 
our subject. Baker and Rebecca (White) llarral, 
were also natives of North Carolina, and from 
that state some sixty years ago emigrated to Ten- 
nessee, where the father carried on agricultural 
pui-suits. Unto Dr. and Mrs. Harral have been 
born two children, a son and daugliter, Carl Riv- 
ers and Lonera. 

For about ten years our subject continued to 
practice in his native state and then came to 
Illinois, locating in Elkville in 1893. He has 
for about a year been engaged in practice in this 
place and is already doing a successful business. 
He is a close student of his profession, and his 
skill and ability have won for him a high reputa- 
tion, not only among his patrons, but also among 
his brother physicians. He is a wide-awake and 
enterprising young man, and this community finds 
in him a valued citizen who manifests a commend- 
able interest in everything pertaining to its wel- 
fare and its advancement. He possesses raan\' 
excellencies of character, and he and his estimable 
wife have gained many friends in this community. 

HARLES R. MILLER. Randolph County 
is the home of a goodly number of men 
who have put forth such industrious and 
well directed efforts that they have been able to 
retire from the toils and cares of life, and are now 
spending their time in ease and enjoyment. Among 
this number is the gentleman above named, who 
occupies an attractive home in Sparta, into which 
he moved in 1881. He still owns his fine farm, 
which consists of two hundred acres in township 
5, range 5, on wiiich he has erected every building 
necessary in carrying on the work of the estate, all 
being substantial and well arranged. 

Tiie father of our subject, Andrew Miller, was a 

native of Scotland, having been born in Glasgow, 
about 1776. He made his home in his native land 
until 1796, when he crossed the Atlantic, antl for 
twelve 3'cars resided in Ryegate, Vt. While living 
in the Green Mountain State he was the proprie- 
tor of a grist mill, which was burned down on two 
occasions. From Vermont he went to Gallowa}' 
Countj-, N. Y., where he engaged in farming for 
some time. In 1827 he came to Randolph County 
and made his home on section 9, township 5, range 
5, where he remained until his decease, which oc- 
curred in July, 1846. He was a member of the 
Covenanter Church, being identified with the 
Bethel congregation. Grandfather James Miller 
was also a native of Scotland, and a miller by trade. 

Mrs. Margaret (McLearj-) Miller, the mother of 
our subject, was a native of Ireland, and when 
ready to come to America made the trip across tlie 
Atlantic in compan}' with Rev. William Gibson. 
She located in Vermont, where she was married to 
.\ndrew Miller in 1802. Of their family of four- 
teen children, three died in infancy. Those who 
lived to mature years were, James, Jane, Robert, 
William, Margaret, Andrew, Mar}' Ann, Eliza, 
Rachael, John, and Charles, of this sketch. 

Charles R. Miller was born December 13, 1819, 
in Galloway County, N. Y., which was his home 
until 1827, when he accompanied his father to 
Chester. The journey' hither was made by canal 
from Amsterdam to Buffalo, where they crossed 
the lake to Dunkirk, and from that place they 
traveled eighteen miles by wagon. Then they 
built a liatboat, b^' means of which they reached 
Louisville, K}'., and there embarked on a steam- 
boat which landed them at Chester. Charles R. con- 
tinued to make his home with his parents until 1846. 
Three years previous to this he married Miss 
Elizabeth Adams, a native of Washington County, 
Pa. Mrs. Miller is the daughter of William and 
Sarah (Hughes) Adams, the former a native of 
Pennsylvania, and the latter Ixjrn in Wales. Mrs. 
Adams was brought to America when nine years 
of age, and departed this life while residing in 
Illinois. Her husband's decease occurred m Ohio. 

Upon the farm concerning which mention was 
above made, Mr. Miller continued to make his 
home until 1881, since which time he has been 



identified witii the interests of Sparta. In addition 
to liis valuable farm of two hundred acres he owns 
town property of value. He is a strong Republi- 
can in politics. With his wife he is a member of 
the Covenanter Church, in wliicli he has been 
Elder for the past forty-eight j^ears. By his 
union witii Miss Adams, ten children were born, 
viz.: Sarah, Andrew Calvin, Robert, .John, Charles, 
Delia, Nellie, Willie, Edward (deceased), and one 
who died in infancy. 

PRANK .J. IIRABIK, proprietor of a bakery, 
confectionery and grocery store, is one of 
the self-made men of the city. He began 
life empty-handed, but has steadil}' worked iiis way 
upward, and as a result of his enterprise and per- 
severance acquired a comfortable competence. 
He was born in Dolan, Bohemia, .July 7, 1853, and 
is a son of John and Annie (Stankovsky") Hrabik, 
both of whom were natives of the same country. 
The father was a farmer by occupation and fol- 
lowed that pursuit throughout his entire life. 
The parents never left tlieir native land. In the 
family were five children, but only two are now 

Our subject, who is the second in order of birth, 
was reared in his native province and attended 
the gymnasium or Latin school for three years, 
thus acquiring a good education, which fitted him 
for the practical duties of life. In 1871, at the 
age of seventeen years, he bade adieu to home and 
friends and sailed for the New World. He boarded 
an ocean steamer at Bremen and at length arrived 
in New York, whence he made his way to St. Louis. 
He there learned the trade of manufacturing 
confectionery and also learned the baker's trade, 
in the Quentin Bakery of that city. In 1877 he 
came to Mur[)h}'sboro, where he began working as 
a baker in the employ of E. Loosley, with whom he 
continued until 1881. During that time, through 
his industry and econora}', he had acquired some 
property and he now began business for himself at 
the corner of Broad and Mulberry Streets, build- 
ing an oven and engaging in trade as a baker. He 
afterward added a stock of groceries and confec- 

tionery and is now doing a good business. Tiie 
public soon found that it would fair well at his 
hands, and his courteous treatment and straight- 
forward dealing have secured for him a liberal 

The marriage or Mr. Hrabik was celebrated in 
Murphysboro in 1881, when Miss Henrietta Schoch 
became his wife. The lady was born near Ora- 
ville, Jackson County, and is a daughter of Con- 
rad Schoch, a native of Germany, who is numbered 
among the early settlers of this coramunit}'. They 
have become the parents of four children, a son 
and three daughters, Annie, John, Lillie and Lena. 

In politics Mr. Hi'abik is a supporter of the Re- 
publican party. He has never been an office 
seeker, his time and attention being entirely taken 
up by his business interests, in which he is meet- 
ing with good success. His prosperity is certainly 
well merited, for with nothing to depend upon 
except his own exertions he has become one of the 
substantial citizens of the community. Socially, 
he is connected with the Independent Order of 

<^ felLLIAM H. FOUNTAIN, a retired merchant 
\f\/ll '^^ Du Quoin, was born in North Carolina 
^1^ February 22, 1811. His father, William 
Fountain, was born in the same state and through- 
out life followed farming. His death occurred in 
18 16, when our subject was only five years of age. 
The family has long been established in North 
Carolina and was of English lineage. The mother 
of our subject bore the maiden name of Martha 
Kej'. She was born in North Carolina and died 
in 1875, at the advanced age of ninety 3-ears. 
William H. was their only son, but they had three 
daughters, one of whom died in childhood. Ma- 
hala married and lived in North Carolina until 
her death, which occurred in 1891. Nancy was 
married and removed to Missouri, where she 
reared a large famil}'. She was called to the home 
beyond in 1892. 

The educational advantages which Mr. Foun- 
tain of this sketch received were limited. In 1835 



he removed to Tennessee, and in 1840 went to 
Wn.'^liington County, 111., where he engaged in 
teaching school and carried on a small farm. Later 
he went to Franklin County, and in 1852 em- 
barked in merchandising in Benton, 111., and also 
ran a iiotel until 1862, when he came to Perry 
C'()unt3-, III. Three years later he opened a mer- 
cantile store in Du Quoin and continued opera- 
tions along that line until 1876, when he retired 
to private life, having accumulated a handsome 
property which enabled him to lay aside business 

In 1831 Mr. Fountain was united in marriage 
with Penelope Pope, who died in 1851. To them 
were born ten children, but only two are now liv- 
ing, although seven of the number grew to man- 
hood and womanhood. Henry, a prominent mer- 
chant of Du Quoin, died in 1867. Mary became 
the wife of Judge E. V. Pierce, and both are now 
deceased. Martha became the wife of Aaron Neal 
and died in 1869. Melvina E. was twice married, 
but is now a widow living in St. Louis. Penelope 
is the wife of Henry- W. Lever, of Du Quoin. T. T. 
was a soldier in the Civil War and held the rank 
of Second Lieutenant. He was graduated from 
the Michigan University of Ann Arbor and be- 
came a prominent attorney representing his district 
in the General Assembly. His death occurred 
October 6, 1892. D. W., the next son, who was 
a soldier in the late war, was a graduate of the 
Michigan State Universitj' and became a leading 
lawyer. He served as State's Attorney and was 
for a time engaged in the banking business in 
South Dakota. His death occurred in Du Quoin 
in October, 1891. For his second wife Mr. Foun- 
tain married the daughter of ex-Governor Daugh- 
erty, of Illinois. She died in 1884. 

Mr. Fountain has been a member of the Meth- 
odist Church since 1836, and has taken a very 
prominent part in its work. For many years he 
has been a Roj'al Arch Mason, and was at one 
time Master of the blue lodge and a member of 
the Grand Lodge of the state. In politics he has 
been a stanch Republican since Ft. Sumter was 
fired upon, and has been true and faithful to every 
duty. He has now reached the age of eighty-three 
years. His step is not as light and his baud is not 

as steady as it was in the prime of manhood, but 
his eye is bright and his intellect is as clear as it 
was a half-century ago. He is now living a quiet, 
retired life in his pleasant home, surrounded by 
the comforts and luxuries which he has been en- 
abled to secure through the capital acquired by 
his own exertions. He is indeed a self-made man 
and his honorable, upright life is well worthy of 

= ■!• •5* "i^J* "J* •}• "J* •5* i 

HOMAS DEVINE is one of the active and 
wide-awake business men of the citj- of 
Chester, in which place he made his advent 
in 1891, but has been a resident of this state for 
twenty 3'ears. His birth occurred in Birmingham, 
England, December 12, 1858, and his parents were 
James and Catherine Devine. The father was born 
in Ireland, and in early manhood emigrated to 
England, where he and his wife are still living, 
spending their declining years in ease and com- 

Our subject is one of a family of six children 
born to his parents. He attended the public 
schools in his native shire, gaining a good educa- 
tion, and when old enough he commenced to work 
in the rolling mills. He continued in this business 
until 1873, when he thought he could better his 
fortunes by coming to the United States. He im- 
mediately came to the Prairie State, settling in 
Grand Tower, Jackson County, where he worked 
for his uncle, John Devine. Two years later he 
went to Fredericktown, Mo., where he sta}'ed until 
his removal to this city, since which time he has 
been engaged with his uncle in the ice and saloon 
business. It has grovvn to be a lucrative enterprise, 
and part of the time he has carried it on alone. 

June 30, 1885, Miss Vena Bruns became the wife 
of our subject. The lady is a daughter of William 
and Sophia Bruns, who are residents of Chester, 
and who emigrated from Germany in an early day. 
Mrs. Devine is the second in a family of six chil- 
dren born to her worthy parents. She was reared 
in the faith of the Presbyterian Church, while her 
husband is a Catholic. 

Politically, Mr. Devine is a Democrat, but has 
never aspired to official duties, preferring the 



quietude of home life to political honors. Socially 
he is a member of Hercules Lodge No. 228, K. of 
P., at Chester. 


=-^i' NTON LANGSDORF is a prominent mer- 
iWiuW chant of Ruiksville, where he has carried 
on business for a number of years. He is 
now the proprietor of a general store, well 
stocked with everything found in that line. He 
receives from the public a liberal patronage, for he 
is honorable and upright in all his dealings and 
courteous in his treatment of his customers. The 
record of his life is as follows: 

Mr. Langsdorf was born in Germany .June 27, 
1833, and is a son of Martin and Elizabeth (Cappes) 
Langsdorf, both of whom were natives of the same 
country. They had a family of eight children, 
three of whom are now deceased. Those still liv- 
ing are, John, Anton, Elizabeth, William and 
Jacob. The father of this family served for seven 
years in the German army. His occupation was 
that of farming, and this he followed tlirougiiout 
life. Both he Jind his wife were faitiiful and con- 
sistent members of the Lutheran Church, and were 
highly educated people, who had the respect of all 
who knew them. They never left their native land. 
Mr. Langsdorf died at the age of sixty-three years 
and his wife at the age of sixty. 

Our subject spent the dajs of his boyhood and 
youth quietly, attending the public schools and 
thus acquirimg a good education. When a young 
man he determined to seek a iiome .ind fortune in 
the New World, for he believed that better oppor- 
tunities arfd advantages were afforded here than in 
the older countries of Europe. In 1855 he bade 
adieu to friends and country and crossed the At- 
lan^c. His first location was made in Waterloo, IlL, 
where he remained for four years. On the expira- 
tion of that period he came to Burksville, where 
he began working at the tailor's trade, which he 
followed for seven years. He labored industrious- 
ly and earnestly and acquired some capital, which 
he invested in a stock of general merchandise, 
and opened a store. 

Mr. Langsdorf was married in 1857 to Miss 
Charlotta Garber, a native of Germany, who came 

to the United States alone in 1853, locating in 
Waterloo. She is a lady possessed of many excel- 
lencies of character and has made many warm 
friends in this communitj'. By their union were 
born eight children, but only four are now liv- 
ing: Anton, William, Gustavus and Lewis. The 
sons "have been provided with excellent educa- 
tional privileges and are now young men of ster- 
ling worth, who are holding responsible business 
positions in St. Louis.' 

Both Mr. and Mrs. Langsdorf are leading mem- 
bers of and active workers in the Lutheran Church, 
in which he is now serving as Elder. They take a 
warm interest in all church and benevolent work, 
and tiie cause of education receives their heart3' 
support. In his political views, Mr Langsdorf is 
a Republican, and he has held the office of School 
Director. When he reached this country he not 
onlj' had no capital, but was $12 in debt, and 
tiierefore had to work his way upward from the 
very lowest round of the ladder. He has met with 
difficulties and obstacles, but he has overcome 
these by determined effort and has achieved a suc- 
cess of which he may justly be proud, having be- 
come one of the substantial citizens of this com- 
munity. It was a fortunate day for him when he 
determined to come to America, and he need never 
regret tliat he carried out this resolution. 



1 1^ * * - - 

OHN W. FIRTH is one of the representa- 
tive and enterprising farmers of Randolph 
County. He owns a farm of two hundred 
and ten acres of valuable land, of which 
one hundred and twenty acres are under a high 
state of cultivation and 3'ield to the owner a 
golden tribute in return for the care and labor 
he bestows upon it. The place is well improved 
with all the accessories and conveniences of a 
model farm and is stocked with fine grades of 
horses and cattle. 

The owner of this desirable place was born in 
Yorkshire, England, in 1842, and on both tlie pa- 
ternal and maternal sides is of English descent. 
His grandparents spent their lives in that country. 
His parents were Thomas and Charlotte (Naylor) 



Firth, natives of Yorkshire. The father was born in 
1800, and in 1820 was married. He and his wife had 
a family of fourteen children, of whom seven died 
in infanc}'. The others are, Seth, who died in 
1853; Benjamin, superintendent of tlie worsted de- 
partment of E. S. Iliggins (t Co., of New Yorlv; 
Obed, a retired policeman of New York City* Will- 
iam, who died in England; Rile}-, superintendent 
of the carding and si)inning department of the 
manufactory of E. S. Higgins & Co., of New York; 
Tliomas N., who was killed in England, and .Jolin 
W. The first named son, Seth, was employed by 
E. S. Higgins & Co., in 1848, as foreman of the 
carding and spinning department in their factory, 
and at his death, in 1853, his brother Benjamin 
took that position. 

The mother of this family was a member of the 
Wesleyan Methodist Church, and died in England 
in 1846. In 1847 the father came to America, and 
lived in New York Cit}' until 1861, when he emi- 
grated to Randolph County. Upon the farm on 
whicii our subject now makes his home he resided 
until his death, .June 5, 1881. In his native land 
he engaged in the manufacture of woolen goods, 
and during his residence in New York was with 
the firm of E.S. Higgins & Co., carpet manufact- 
urers, remaining in their emploj' from 1846 until 
1861. The latter 3-ears of his life were spent 
in farming, and he became the possessor of a com- 
fortable competence. He was a Roj'al Arch Ma- 
son and aided in organizing a number of Masonic 
lodges in New York. In politics he was first a 
Whig, and afterward a Republican. He was much 
interested iu churcli work and was a local minis- 
ter of the Methodist Episcopal Church for about 
twenty years. During bis residence in the east, he 
married Bettie Wilde, who died in 1874. 

Our subject was a lad of only seven summers 
when he came to this country. He remained with 
his father until the death of the latter. While in 
New York he was also employed in the carpet 
factor}' of Higgins & Co., in the carding and spin- 
ning department. In 1861 he came with liis father 
to Illinois, and together they carried on farming 
for a number of years. 

In Randolph County, December 25, 1868, Mr. 
Firth married Elizabeth Nelson, who was born in 

this locality, and who is a daughter of John D. and 
Janet (Nelson) Nelson, who were natives of Scot- 
land. Eight children have been born of their 
union: Charlotte J., wife of George H. Davis, of 
Indianapolis, who is connected with the Big Four 
Railway Company; William R., an engineer of 
Perry County, 111.; Thomas D., at home; Jennie, 
now a student in Sparta; Dianthy M., Luella, Chris- 
tina and Obed, all at lioine. 

Mr. Firth exercises his right of francliise in sup- 
port of the Republican party. For five 3'ears he 
served as Road Commissioner and was also Treas- 
urer and Collector of his township. We see in our 
subject a self-made man, who at tlie early age of 
fourteen started out iu life for himself and has 
since made his own way in tlie world. By de- 
termined effort he has overcome the obstacles and 
difHculties in his patii and has ste;idily worked his 
way upward to a position of afflueuce. His well 
spent life is worthy of emulation. 



'\fj OSEPH STEINLE, proprietor of the Mur- 
ph3'sboro Steam Bottling Works, and man- 
^^ ufacturer of soda and carbonated waters, 
t^^/ was born in Wurtemberg, Germany, No- 
vember 20, 1852, and is a son of Thaddeus and 
Elizabeth (Preig) Steinle, who were farmers of 
that count!-}'. In the family were seven children. 
Joseph is the third in order of birth and the onl\- 
one in America. He was reared upon the home 
farm until fifteen years of age, and was tlien ap- 
prenticed to a brewer, working along that line of 
business until 1883, wiien lie bade adieu to home 
and friends, having determined to try his fortune 
in America. He sailed from Antwerp, and after 
eleven days spent upon the briny deep reached 
New York City. Going to St. Louis, he was em- 
ployed in tlie Stevens' Brewery, where he contin- 
ued seven and a-half years. During the last three 
years of that time he served as second foreman. 

In July, 1890, Mr. Steinle came to Murphysboro 
and accepted the position of Superintendent of 
the Murphysboro Brewing Company. Through 
his instrumentality the business was placed on a 
paying basis. On the 6th of February, 1892, he 






purchased of Ed Hayes the Murphysboro Steam 
Bottling "Works, of which he has since been pro- 
prietor. He has greatly improved and enlarged 
the facilities, put in steam and made a fine well, 
and there are all the conveniences and accessories 
required in the business. During tiie summer he 
keeps an agent upon the road, and ships his goods 
from seventy-five to one hundred miles from this 
place. He manufactures California orange cider, 
English Club soda, ^rape soda, cream soda, lemon 
sour, pale lager beer, birch beer, champagne cider 
and Scotland Bay ginger ale. lie also carries in 
stock the Seltzer Spring waters and Silurian water, 
and deals in whiskey bottles and all kinds of glass- 

Mr. Steinle was married in Germany in 1879, 
the lady of his choice being Miss Louisa Kull, a 
native of the Fatlierland. They have one child, 
Frank. Our subject is a member of the Odd Fel- 
lows' society, of the Treibund and of the Turners' 
society. Ho is also connected with the St. Louis 
Brewing Company. During his residence in Amer- 
ica he has met with good success in his business, 
thus proving that his decision of seeking a home 
in the New AVorld was a wise one. He has already 
made many friends in tliis community and has a 
wide acquaintance. 


(r_, ON. JOSEPH B. GILL, Lieutenant-Gov- 
liTj' ernor of Illinois, and President of the State 
laVji^ Senate, has won his position of prominence 
'^P through merit and ability. He was born 
on a farm near Marion, Williamson County, 111., 
February 17, 1862, and is a son of the late John 
M. Gill, Jr., ex-Mayor of Murphysboro, 111. A na- 
tive of Jackson County, this state, he was born 
November 28. 1833, and was the fifth'of eight 
children, whose parents, John and Nancy Gill, 
were old residents of the county. The grand- 
father was born in Virginia, whence he accom- 
panied his parents to Illinois in 1813, and located 
near De Soto. His death occurred in December, 
1886. He was of English and Irish descent, while 
his wife was of German extraction. 

During his boyhood years John M. Gill, Jr., as- 
sisted his father in the work on the home farm. 

On the 6th of January, 1859, he married Miss 
Nancy J., daughter of Washington Wright, of 
Williamson County. They had two children, but 
one is now deceased. In 1855 Mr. Gill began 
merchandising in De Soto, and in 1859 removed 
to Williamson County, where he engaged in farm- 
ing .Tnd dealing in tobacco and other produce. 
In 1863 he returned to De .Soto, where he con- 
tinued to reside until 1868, and in that year came 
to IMurphysboro. Here he resumed mercantile pur- 
suits, hut his store was destroyed by lire in 1870, 
and he then turned his attention to milling. 

In politics John M. Gill, Jr., was a stalwart 
Democrat. In 1876 he was elected Mayor of 
Murphysboro, and filled the office for two terms, 
discharging its duties with rare judgment. He 
was also one of the Directors of the public schools 
of the city for many years, and was a member of 
the Masonic fraternity- for about twenty years. 
He founded the town of Gillsburg, on the narrow 
gauge railroad (now Oraville, on the Mobile & 
Ohio Railroad) about eight miles northwest of 
Murphysboro. As a business man he was ener- 
getic, and combined many of those qualities — hon- 
esty, integi'ity and suavity — which are the sure 
precursors of success in life. His death occurred 
February 27, 1886. 

In 1863 Joseph B. Gill was taken by his parents 
to De Soto, and in 1868 to Murphysboro, where 
he has since made his home. He was educated in 
the public schools and in the Christian Brothers' 
College, in ISt. Louis, and the Southern Illinois 
Normal School, at Carbondale, graduating from 
the latter in June, 1884. He then completed a 
law term of two years at Ann Arbor, graduating in 
July, 1886, and was admitted to the Michigan Bar, 
passing an examination before the Circuit and Su- 
preme Courts of that state. He has, however, 
never practiced his profession, for immediately 
on his return home he embarked in the newspaper 
business, buying an interest in the Murphysboro 
Independent, which he conducted and edited until 
January 1, 1893. 

November 28, 1893, Mr. Gill married Miss Pearl 
Hall, the daughter of James W. and Augusta Hall, 
formerly residents of southern Illinois, and later 
of San Bernardino, Cal., where Mrs. Gill was liv- 



infir at the time of her marriage. She is a lady of 
refinement :ind culture, and has evinced decided 
talent in l)otii music and painting. 

i.ike liis fatiier, the subject of this sketch be- 
came a stanch advocate of the principles of the 
Democratic party. In 1888 he was elected to the 
Lower House, and was re-elected in 1890. In 
both general assemblies lie was a strong anti-cor- 
poration man, and espoused the cause of the labor- 
ing people in every measure of interest to them. 
He championed the [lassage of the Gross- Weight 
Bill, the Weekly Pay Bill and tlie Anti-Truck 
Store Bill, and did all he could to advance the 
Arbitration Bill to a successful issue. His efforts 
to benefit a class of people who had few friends in 
the Legislature were appreciated, and soon after 
that body adjourned in 1891 there was a demand 
for his name to be placed on the state ticket. 

On the first ballot in April, 1892, Mr. Gill was 
nominated for the office of Lieutenant-Governor 
by the Democratic State Convention. An unusual 
interest was taken in his election on account of 
the close relations between the candidate and the 
class whose cause he espoused in tl»e Legislature. 
He was triumphantly elected, receiving the highest 
number of votes of an}- man on the ticket except 
the candidate for State Treasurer. This fact in- 
dicated his popularity among the working people, 
and also those in other walks of life. 

After the inauguration of Governor Altgeld, 
owing to sickness, he did not perform an}' of the 
official duties, but started immediately for the 
south. That being the case, Mr. Gill became act- 
ing Governor, and was the first representative of 
tiie Democratic part}' to fill the executive chair 
for over thirty-five years. Being mindful of the 
interests of the people, and believing that vast 
sums of money belonging to the state had hereto- 
fore been sequestered, he therefore, by the author- 
ity vested in liim as Governor, directed the Attor- 
ney-General to institute suits against ex-state 
officials extending over a long period of 3'ears. 
Wliile his action met with the unqualified approval 
of the tax-payers and common people of the state, 
it created constern.-ition in the ranks of those 
politicians whose financial interests were directly 
or indirectly affected. His course was highl}' 

commended bj' the press of the state and by those 
who favored good government and the econom- 
ical administration of affairs. While thus engaged. 
Governor Gill was also executing the law and 
putting into effect the principles of the platform 
on which he was elected. 

In February, 1894, owing to the absence of the 
Governor from the state, the Lieutenant-Gover- 
nor .again assumed the gubernatorial chair, and .as 
upon the previous occasion, discharged the duties 
of the office with skill and ability and to the 
entire satisfaction of the people. Many compli- 
ments have been extended hirn by the press of 
Illinois and other states, also b}' representative 
men of this state during his incumbency of the 
office. He is the youngest Lieutenant-Governor 
ever elected in this stale, yet his qualifications 
have made him an equal in the discharge of his 
duties with those whose years greatly outnum- 
bered his. He is an impartial presiding officer, 
and has alread}' won the respect of the Senate. 
Though scarcely j-et in the prime of life, he is 
recognized as an important factor in politics, and 
in the future, should he continue to devote his 
energies to this work, his career will undoubtedly 
be a brilliant one. 


ERNARD DANIEL has the largest bakery in 
^ Murphysboro, and is also engaged in gen- 
eral merchandising. lie is enterprising and 
industrious, and tliese qualifications, which 
are essential to success, have brought him a well 
deserved prosperit}-. Numbered among the native 
sons of Illinois, he was born in Belleville, July 31, 
1859. His father, Sebastian Daniel, was a native 
of Baden, Germany, and in his youth learned 
the baker's trade. When a young man of seven- 
teen, he came to the United States and followed 
that business in Belleville, III. During his resi- 
dence there he married Clara Furstenberg, who was 
born in Freedom, III. 

Later, Mr. Daniel established a bakeiy in Red 
Bud, where he continued business until enlisting 
in an Illinois regiment for service in the late war 
He faithfully aided in the defense of the Union 



until its preservation was an assured fact, and then 
returned to his business in Red Bud, where he 
continued until coming to Murphjsboro in 1869. 
At tlie corner of Union and Chesnut Streets he es- 
tablished a bakery, and in connection with his 
work in that line also engaged in the manufact- 
ure and sale of confectionery until his death, in 
1872. His widow still survives hira.audj-et makes 
her home in Murphysboro. The children of the 
Daniel family are, William, who is engaged in the 
bakery and confectionery business; Bernard, of 
this sketch; Christine, wife of John Stoeltzle; and 
Lizzie, wife of Al Ozburn. 

Bernard Daniel has lived in Murphysboro since 
the age of ten years, and is therefore well known 
to its citizens, among whom he is held in high re- 
gard. He was educated in its public and private 
schools, and with his father learned the baker's 
trade. On the death of the latter, he aided his 
mother in carrying on the business, and subse- 
quently worked as a baker until February, 1882, 
when he began business for himself in companj' 
with tho Borger brothers, under the firm name of 
Borger & Daniel. He bought out his partners' 
'interests in 1884, and has since conducted the 
business alone. The store is located at the corner 
of Walnut and Union Streets, where he carries a 
large stock of dry goods, boots and shoes, gro- 
ceries, queenswarc, provisions, etc. He also has 
the largest bakery in Murphysboro, and represents 
the Dozier Bakery of St. Louis, handling large 
quantities of the goods of that firm. The oven, 
located in the rear of the store, is 10x12 feet, 
and has a capacity' of one thousand loaves of bread 
per day. 

Mr. Daniel is a member of St. Andrew's Catho- 
lic Church, and is Financial Secretary of the Cath- 
olic Knights of Hlinois. He also belongs to Jack- 
son Camp No. 113, S. V., and is a member of the 
Camp Council. He exercises his right of franchise 
in sup[)ort of the Democratic nart^', but has neither 
sought nor desired public office, preferring to de- 
vote his entire time and attention to his business 
interests, in which he has met with signal success. 

In 1891 Mr. Daniel built a pleasant residence 
on Union Street. His wife was formerly Miss 
Lena Berger. She was born in Alabama, but her 

maidenhood da3's were passed in Murphysboro, 
and she is a daughter of Bartel Berger, of this 
place. The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Daniel was 
celebiated January 22, 1883, and has been blessed 
with three children, Gertie, William and Clara. 

_^,,, NDREW B. CHEW, who follows farming 
1@/-JI| on section 21, Ora Township, J.ackson 
County, was born in Jefferson County, III., 
April 20, 1830. His father, James Chew, 
was a native of Lebanon, Ohio, and there resided 
until he had attained to man's estate, when he 
removed to St. Clair Count}', 111. Soon afterwards 
he married Nancj' Million, daughter of Bennett 
and Nancy Million, who came from Kentuckj' to 
to this state in an early day. Mr. Chew was a 
tailor by trade, but followed school teaching 
through the greater part of his life. He removed 
to St. Louis and thence went to Jefferson County, 
111. Later he resided for a time in Ohio, after 
which he returned to St. Clair County, and finally 
located in Washington County, III. While on his 
way to Ohio, where he intended visiting, he was 
taken sick, at Logansport, Ind., and died. He was 
then only thirty-five \ears of age. He held mem- 
bership with the Masonic fraternit}-, and belonged 
to the Baptist Church, frequently occupying the 
pulpit. His wife long survived him and passed 
away in Bradley Townshij), Jackson County, in 
1892, at the age of seventy-nine. In their family 
were three children, Andrew B; Mary A., wife of 
David McCoy; and Nancy J., widow of John 
Smith, who died in 1893. 

Mr. Chew of this sketch aided in the labors of 
the home farm until eighteen years of age, when 
he went to Belleville, 111., and leai-ned the carpen- 
ter's trade with his uncle, John Million. He has 
since carried on business along that line. He 
was married in Carbondale, March 23, 1864, to 
Mahala J. Deason. He.r father. Shepherd Deason, 
emigrated from South Carolina to Illinois, and in 
this state married Elizabeth Troop. He followed 
farming near Carbondale, and was a well known 
citizen of that locality. The members of liis fam- 
ily were, McCager, who died in Missouri; Edwin, 



who died in Texas; Delilah, wife of Jesse Temple; 
Amos, who is living in Stoddard County, Mo., and 
Shepherd Allen, who died in cliildhood. 

For three years after tUeir marriage, Mr. and 
Mrs. Chew made their home in Murphysboro, 
and removed to their present residence on the 
oth of May, 1869. The following children were 
born to them: William, who was born April 22, 
J866, died October 1, 1887; Jesse, born October 
13, 1867, died in infancy; Frank, born Septem- 
ber 5, 1869, is now engaged in merchandising; 
Julia, born July 25, 1872, died in infancy; Phtcbe, 
twin sister of Julia, was married May 5, 1892, to 
B. McBride, and with their daughter, Martha J., 
they reside on a farm south of Ava; Delia was 
born February 23, 1874; Oliver was born July 15, 
1877; Eiizahetli and Nancy, twins, were born July 
24, 1880. 

Mr. Chew was found among the defenders of 
the country during tiie late war. He enlisted 
August 26. 1861, as a member of Company H, 
Twenty-seventh Illinois Infantry, under Capt. 
Mike H. Broods and Col. N. B. Buford. He par- 
ticipated in the battles of Belmont, Island No. 10, 
Corinth, Farmington, Iai verne. Stone River, Chick- 
amauga. Missionary Ridge and Knoxville. At 
Blaine's Cross Roads he re-enlisted as a veteran of 
Company G, Ninth Illinois Mounted Infantry, un- 
der Captain Martin and Colonel Hughes, and 
served under General Sherman in the Atlanta 
campaign, participating in the battles of Franklin 
and Nashville. After the fall of Richmond, in the 
spring of 1865, he went to Washington, D. C, and 
after participating in the Grand Review, was mus- 
tered out at Louisville, Ky. He was never 
wounded, but for six weeks was confined to the 
hospital with rheumatism. He also contracted 
granulation of the eyelids, and he still frequently 
suffers from that disease. 

Since his return from the war, Mr. Chew has con- 
tinuously engaged in carpentering near his home. 
He is a prominent member of the Free Will Baptist 
Church, in which he serves as Trustee and Deacon, 
and is a member of the Grand Armj^ post of Ava. 
In politics, he is a Republican, and has served as 
Township Assessor for two terms, and for one term 
was Justice of the Peace. His official duties and 

those of private life are discharged with the same 
fidelity that characterized his career when he went 
to the defense of his country and followed the 
Stars and Stripes to victory. 

O. Ml'RPllY, |)roprietor of an extensive 
clothing house, and the head of the mer- 
cantile firm of H. 0. Murphy &. Co., is rec- 
ognized as one of the leading business men 
of Pinckneyvillc, for he is connected with various 
enterprises in this place. lie was born here De- 
cember 6, 1862, and is a son of the Hon. William 
K. Murphy. The family is of Irish origin. The 
great-grandfather of our subject was born in the 
North of Ireland, came to America prior to the 
Revolution, and was a soldier in the great conflict 
which ended British rule over the American Col- 
onies. When their independence was achieved, 
he settled in Tennessee, and in 1818 came to Illi- 
nois, locating in Perry County, near what is 
known as Lost Prairie. He was a stonemason by 
trade, but his last days were spent on a farm, 
wliere his death occurred. 

Richard G. Murphy, the grandfather of our sub- 
ject, was born in Tennessee, January 4, 1801, and 
was the youngest of five brothers. He became a 
conspicuous figure in the history of southern Illi- 
nois. He served in the Black Hawk War, and in 
1832 was elected to the State Legislature, where 
he remained for ten consecutive years. In 1847 
he was appointed by President Polk as agent 
for the Sioux Indians, then on their reservation 
in Minnesota, whither he went, there spending 
three years. He then returned to Illinois, and in 
1850 was again elected to the Legislature, and was 
Chairman of the committee which incorporated 
the Illinois Central Railroad. In 1854 he again 
went to Minnesota, where he lived until his death, 
in 1874. He was thcie extensively engaged in 
farming and stock-raising, and was also a mem- 
ber of the first State Senate of Minnesota. The 
name of Richard G. Murphy was familiar through- 
out Illinois and IMinnesota, where he was numbered 
among the most prominent citizens. His brother, 
William C, who was also well known in southern 



Illinois, was for many years doorkeeper in the 
State Senate and House of Representatives when 
tlie State Capitol was located in Vandal ia. Upon 
tlie organization of Perry, in 1827, lie was ap- 
pointed Slieriff, and he also held other county 
offices. Miirpliysboro, the county seat of Jackson 
County, was named in his honor. 

Hon. William K. Murphy, the father of our sub- 
ject, was born in Perr3' County in 1835. He acquired 
such education as could be obtained in the com- 
mon schools half a century ago, and then took up 
the study of law, having determined to make its 
practice his life work. In 18.59 he was admitted 
to the Bar, and opened an office in Pinckney ville. 
When the Civil War broke out, he raised a com- 
pany', and was elected its Captain. It became 
Company H of the One Hundred and Tenth Illi- 
nois Infantry, and Mr. Murphy continued in com- 
mand until April, 1863, when he resigned and re- 
turned home. In 18(56 he formed a law partnership 
with the Hon. John Boyd, which connection was 
continued until 1882. This was considered the 
most able law firm in southern Illinois, and for 
many ye.irs there was not an important case tried 
in this part of the state with which they were not 
connected on one side or the other. 

In local [(olitics, Mr. Murphy has been an import- 
ant factor. He was Master in Chancery, and in 1864 
and 1866 was elected to the House of Representa- 
tives. In 1872 he was elected to the State Senate, 
and in 1880 and 1881 was again in the Lower 
House. In 1882 he was the Democratic candidate 
for Congress from the Twentieth Congressional 
District, but was defeated by two hundred and 
eighty votes in the district that two years previ- 
ously had given a Republican majority of two 
thousand. This was one of the failures which may 
be regarded as a victory. In 1893 he was appointed 
by President Cleveland Collector of the Port of 
Cairo, a position he is now filling. In addition 
to his professional and political life, he has been 
an active man in business, and is at the head of the 
banking house of Murphy, Wall & Co., of Pinck- 
neyville. He is President of the First National 
Bank of Murphysboro, and is at the head of the 
large mercantile house of Murph3', Crawford ik Co., 
besides beinur interested in various other extensive 

business concerns. He owns lai'ge tracts of land, 
and is accounted one of the wealthiest men of 
southern Illinois. 

Mrs. Murphy, the mother of our subject, bore 
the maiden name of Penina Ozbuin, daughter of 
the Hon. Hawkins S. Ozburn, a native of Tennes- 
see, who served as Captain in the Mexican War, 
and who was at one time a member of the Illinois 
State Senate. In the Murph.y family were but 
two children, H. 0., and Sadie V., wife of Joseph 
Crawford, of the firm of Murphy, Crawford & Co. 

Our subject acquired an excellent education, 
and was a student in Washington University, of 
St. Louis. He entered upon his business career 
in 1881, when he formed a partnership with C. H. 
Greser, as dealers in general merchandise. This 
connection continued for seven j'ears, when Mr. 
Murph}- withdrew from the firm and established 
his present extensive clothing house. He has 
other business interests, which yield toliim a good 

In July, 1889, was celebrated the marriage of H. 
O. Murphy and Miss Minnie B. Lawson, of Dead- 
wood, S. Dak., a most estimable lady, who has 
won many friends in this locality-. He is a Chap- 
ter Mason, and was the founder of the Knights of 
Pythias lodge in Pinckneyville. He served as its 
first Chancellor Commander, and is now represen- 
tative to the Grand Lodge. He is also a worthy 
representative of the honored Murphy family, and 
we have no doubt that the name will grow even 
brighter as he advances in his career. 

. T. MACLIN, M. D., one of the leading 
'' physicians of Du Quoin, who is now en- 

W^ joying a large and lucrative practice, was 
born in Williamson County, Tenn., August 9, 
1844. His father, W. T. Maclin, Sr., was born in 
Virginia October 12, 1804, and was a son of Willis 
Maclin, a native of Kings County, Ireland, who 
came to this country during the Revolution. 
Hiding on a British ship, he crossed the Atlantic 
and joined the Continental army, in which he 
served until after the surrender of Cornwallis at 
Yorktown. He was within a hundred feet of that 



general when he gave up his sword. Immediately 
after the war he locuted near Nashville, Tenn., and 
from that place entered the army for the War of 
1812. He became an extensive planter, but was 
always opposed to slaver^'. He was a man of liberal 
education and wasa great reader. In the militia he 
served as Captain, Major and Colonel. His death 
occuned in Tennessee in 1851, at the age of 
eighty-five. His nephew, William Maclin,was tlie 
first Secretary of .State in Tennessee. 

The Doctor's father was also a well educated 
man, a prosperous farmer and a prominent 
politician. He died in Tennessee in 1886. He 
had several brothers, and one of the number, Isaac 
E., served as a soldier in the late war in the Sev- 
enth Tennessee Cavalry. During the struggle he 
was made a prisoner bj' Forrest. When tiie war 
was over he came to Illinois, and was killed by a 
train at the depot in Du Quoin. 

Mrs. Maclin, mother of the Doctor, was in her 
maidenhood Anna M. Brooks, and was a native of 
Philadelphia. Her great-grandfather, Lord Brooks, 
had two sons, George and Samuel. The former 
came to America when a boy, but the latter re- 
mained in his native land until he had attained 
his majority, when he crossed the Atlantic to visit 
his brother, who was a sea captain. While return- 
ing to his native land lie was drowned. Capt. 
George Brooks was the grandfather of Mrs. Mac- 
lin. While on a voyage he was taken prisoner by 
the Spaniards, held captive for a period of seven 
years, and was finally condemned to death, but 
on making it known to some of the high officials 
that he was a Mason, he was promptly reprieved. 
Later he was liberated and his ship and cargo 
restored to him. He m.ade a fortune on the high 
seas and died in Philadelphia at an advanced age. 
The original of the famous painting "Four Sea- 
sons" was presented to him bj' a nobleman and is 
now in the possession of the Green family. His 
son George, father of Mrs. Maclin, was a promi- 
nent merchant of Philadelphia, and later went to 
Nashville, Tenn., where he engaged in merchandis- 
ing. He afterwards owned a tanner3- at Franklin, 
Tenn., where his last days were spent. He mar- 
ried Magdaline Green, daughter of Capt. John 
Green, who was also a sea captain and was of Irish 

descent. His home was in Philadelphia and he 
was said to be quite wealthy. In his family were 
five daughters, of whom four married physicians, 
namely: Dr. Shelby, Dr. .Sims, Dr. McNarry and Dr. 
Minich. The other daughter, Mrs. Brooks, died in 
Tennessee in the '40s. 

Our subject was the second in the family of 
three sons and three daughters. His sister Mary 
is now living near Nashville; Columbus C. is a 
phj'sician of Tennessee; B. F. is a farmer of Ten- 
nessee; Cordelia died in 1890; and Julia is the 
wife of C. K. Mitchell, a prosperous farmer of 
Tennessee. The Doctor was reared upon the home 
farm, acquired his education in the common 
schools and fitted himself for teaching. He began 
this work at the age of seventeen and continued 
it through the Civil War, during which time he 
also read medicine. He attended his first course 
of lectures in the Nashville Medical College in 
1865-66, then entered the Cincinnati Medical Col- 
lege and was graduated therefrom in 1868. In 
1881 he took a post graduate course in Memphis 
Hospital. He began practice in Cairo, Tenn., 
where he continued seventeen years, wiien, in 1884, 
he came to Du Quoin, where he has met with ex- 
cellent success, securing a most liberal palionage. 

The Doctor married, September 1, 1868, Mar}' 
E. Harrell, a native of Tennessee, who came of an 
old North Carolina family'. She died on her 
forty-first birthd.iy, December 16, 1890. They had 
a family of seven children, of whom five are }'et 
liying: Lula A., wife of Clarence E. Blakeslee, of 
the Blakeslee Manufacturing Compan}'; Anna E., 
wife of Stephen Rogers, a hotel-keeper of Mt. Ver- 
non, 111.; W. B.; John A. and Grover C, at home. 
On the 12th of October, 1893, the Doctor married 
Mrs. Catharine (Freudenberg) Weger,of Du Quoin, 
the widow of Adrian Wcger. This excellent lady 
was born in Belleville, III., and is connected with 
some of the oldest and most prominent German 
families of that city. She has four children, Oscar, 
Ida, Anna and Walter Weger. 

Dr. Maclin is a member of the National Associ- 
ation of Railway Surgeons, of the Southern Illi- 
nois Medical Association, and is local surgeon for 
the Illinois Central Railroad and the St, Louis, 
Alton & Terre Haute Railroad Companj'. During 



President Cleveland's first administration he held 
tlie office of Pension Examiner. He heeame an 
Odd Fellow iu 1 867, has filled all the chairs of the 
local lodge, and is a member of the Grand Lodge. 
In 1871 he was made a Mason, joined the chapter 
in 1874, and is a charter member of the Knights of 
Pythias. He served for eight years on the Board of 
Education, is a member of the City Council, and in 
his political views is a Democrat. In religious belief 
he is identified with the Christian Church. He is 
recognized as a valued citizen, one ever interested 
in what pertains to the upbuilding of the comnui- 

I®), ^Wa M 


if^ APT. WILLIAM M. NEIL, an honored vet- 
l( eran of the late war, who is now living a 

^^f) retired life in Pinckne^-ville, was born in 
Perry Count}', Ind., November 5, 1837. His fa- 
ther, David Gregory McNeil, was a native of 
Pennsylvania, hut removed to Kentucky, where 
he married Harriet Lay, who was born near Lex- 
ington, that state, and belonged to one of the 
most prominent families there. The father re- 
moved with his family to Perry County, Ind., 
where the}' were among the earliest settlei-s. Later 
they went to Greenville, Ohio, where the father 
died at the age of seventy-nine years, and the 
mother when eighty-four years of age. In their 
family were six children, four sons and two daugh- 
ters. The eldest, J. B., a Lieutenant of the late 
war, is a carriage maker by trade, and resides in 
Ann Arbor, Mich.; James, who was also one of 
the boys in blue, is now express agent for the 
American Express Company at Greenville, Ohio; 
Daniel was also a soldier for about two j'ears; 
Mary is the wife of Joseph Ritnour, who is en- 
gaged in fruit-growing near Madison, Ohio; and 
Elizabeth became the wife of I. N. Shiveley, near 
Greenville, Ohio, and died in 1890. 

In the usual manner of farmer lads. Captain Mc- 
Neil spent his early boyhood da3'S. After attend- 
ing the common schools, we find him a student in 
Liber College, of Portland, Ind., and at the age of 
seventeen he engaged in teaching. The year 1860 

witnessed his arrival in Illinois. He located in 
Du Quoin, and the following year there wedded 
Mary Mead, of that place. Their only child, Mary 
Alice, who was an artist of fine ability, was educa- 
ted in the State University at Champaign. She 
became the wife of Prof. M. E. Cliase, one of the 
art instructors of the university, but died two 
3-ears after her marriage. 

All of the sons of the McNeil family were I'nion 
soldiers. In 1862 our subject enlisted in his coun- 
try's defense, and was assigned to Company A, 
Eighty-first Illinois Infantry, under command of 
Col. John A. Logan. After a few days he was 
made Second Lieutenant, six months later became 
First Lieutenant, and afterward was promoted to 
the rank of C'aptain. During tiie last year of his 
service he was a member of the staff of Eugene A. 
Carr, under Gen. A. J. Smith, General Logan and 
General McPherson. He participated in the bat- 
tles of Raymond, Jackson, Champion Hills and 
Black River, and in the charge on Yicksburg was 
wounded, as were twent3'-flve of the thirt3--eight 
men under him. His Second Lieutenant was killed 
iu that battle. He took charge in the Red River 
expedition, the battle of Nashville and in the cap- 
ture of Ft. Blakelyand Spanish Fort, serving until 
August, 1865. 

AVhen the war was over and the preservation of 
the Union was an assured fact. Captain McNeil 
came to Pinckney ville, and for four 3ears was Prin- 
cipal of the cit}- schools. During the succeeding 
six years, he was engaged in the grain and lumber 
business, and for six 3-ears thereafter was proprie- 
tor of a drug store. In his business dealings he 
was ver}- successful, and b3' his well directed and 
determined efforts he won a handsome competcnc3', 
which now enables him to live retired, resting in 
the enjoyment of the fruits of his former toil. 

Although the C'aptain has never aspired to 
office, he has ever taken an active part in political 
matters, and has made thrilling political speeches 
in southern Illinois, the efl'ect of which has been 
seen at the polls by an increased Republican vote. 
He believes his part3- to be on the side of the peo- 
ple and the one best able to advance their interests, 
therefore is an earnest advocate of its principles. 
He is a prominent member of James P. Co wen 



Post No. 219, G. A. R., has served as its Com- 
mander and is now Quartermaster. He lias also 
been Master of the Jlasonlc lodge, and lias served 
as its Treasurer for the past eight years. 

^^^ CHURCIL of Prairie du Long, dates back 
^&J_M ("O t'lc first part of this century. Twelve 
families from Lancashire, England, came 
to Monroe County in 1812, and bought land of 
the Government near Prairie du Long Creek, in 
what is now known as the Prairie du Long District. 
The settlers, who were Catholics, soon erected a 
log church and were visited by Father Van Clos- 
tere, of Prairie du Rochcr. This church was situ- 
ated at English Settlement, then in Randolph 
County, but now in Monroe. 

In 1834 sixty acres of land were donated by 
Edward Newsham and John Winstanley to the 
Rt.-Rev. Joseph Rosati, Bishop of St. Louis, 
on condition that a church be built and the land 
used for its benefit. A stone church was soon 
erected, and on November 1 1 , 1838, was consecrated 
to divine service by Bishop Rosati, with Rev. J. 
Kenney as its first pastor and resident priest. The 
edifice was about 40x60 feet, and was one of the 
finest churches in southern Illinois. "Among the 
oldest settlers and members of the congregation 
were Edward Newsham, John AVinstanley, John 
Newsham, Thomas Winstanley and John and 
Thomas Bamber, all of whom are now deceased. 

After the church was built the old building was 
used as a district school. The new church was 
erected about one hundred and fift}^ yards north- 
west and was over the line in St. Clair County. 
In 1854, it having become dilapidated, the con- 
gregation, on the 12th of February, decided to tear 
it down and rebuild. This was done and a paro- 
chial frame residence was erected. In 1867-68, a 
two-story brick parsonage was built by Rev. J. 
Beriage, who a short time previous had been ap- 
pointed rector. A tower was built on the church, 
in 1874, and the following year the old log church 
which had been used as a district school, was re- 
placed by a new building, which was erected fur- 

ther west on the bank of Prairie du Long Creek. 
A room which had been added to the old paro- 
chial residence, however, was used for a parochial 

In 1886 a new schoolhouse of brick, 20x30 feet, 
was erected by Rev. L. Riesen,and in 1889 the old 
cracked bell was replaced by two new bells, pur- 
chased by the present rector. Rev. J. B. Schlotmann. 
In taking down the old bell it was found that the 
steeple would be too weak for the bells, and sugges- 
tions were made by the members of the congrega- 
tion to enlarge and remodel the old and also build 
a sanctuary to the church. At the examination of 
the church, however, by an architect (Vul. Reis, of 
Belleville, now deceased) it was found very unsafe 
and not wortli further expenditure of money. It 
was tlien decided by the Trustees of the congrega- 
tion to build a new church and not at the old 
place, but at Freedom, a village about two miles 
east. The church at that time had a membership 
of over a hundred families. Freedom is a little 
town on the Belleville and Kaskaskia road and is 
the center of the congregation, and therefore more 
convenient and more readily accessible for its 
members. In spite of some opposition to the 
movementa piece of land of about three and a-half 
acres was purchased from Hy. Diefenbech, Octo- 
ber 17, 1892, a noble gentleman of Freedom, who 
keeps a hotel. 

When it became known that a Catholic Church 
was to be erected at Freedom, all endeavored, 
whether Catholics or Protestants, to help the same 
either by funds or labor. The plans, details and 
specifications for the new church were prepared by 
N. H. Melcher, an architect of St. Louis. These 
having been accepted by the rector and approved 
by the Rt.-Rev. J. Janssen, the bishop of the 
diocese, the corner-stone was laid by the latter 
April 11, 1893, in the presence of a great number 
of priests and laymen. The work was then begun 
under the superintendency of the architect and 
the rector. 

The size of the church is 44x90 feet, with a spire 
one hundred and ten feet above the level of the 
ground. The basement is nine feet high and built 
of native blue limestone, don!v>.ed by Benjamin 
Harbaugh, a member of the congregation. The 






superstructure walls are built of native sandstone, 
donated by F. Dejfenliardt, also a member, and 
are twenty-one feet above the water-tables, or 
twenty-four feet above the level of the ground. 
Tlie masonry work was done by Frank Tarantiuo, 
of St. Louis; the lumber was furnished by Charles 
Boedeker, who keeps a large lumber yard in Red 
Bud; mill-work by the Menke it Grimm Planing 
Mill Company, of (^uincy, 111.; carpenter work by 
J. H. fScheiper, of St. Libor}', III.; the caps, window 
sills and other cut stone are of Bedford limestone, 
and were furnished In- Ralph Dixon, of Alton, 111. 
The church is covered with old Bangor slate from 
Bethlehem, Pa., furnished by T. H. White, of St. 
Louis. All the contracts have been carried out to 
the satisfaction of the architect and rector. The 
churcli has ornamental glass of mosaic style, very 
pleasing, and was furnislied b3' the E. F. Kerwin 
Ornamental Glass Company, of St. Louis. The 
church will cost when completed about ^11,000. 
A now two-story parsonage will also be built this 
spring (1894). The basement will be of native 
blue limestone, and the superstructure of native 
sandstone. The house will be situated on the 
south side of the church, with which it will be 
connected b}- a porch. 


WILLIAM R. Mackenzie, M. D., a native 
of Nova Scotia, is of Scottish parentage. 
His grandfather, Alexander MacKenzie, 
Sr., was born in Inverness, in the Highlands of 
Scotland, and received a liberal education. He 
was a member of the Masonic order, and a stanch 
supporter of the Presbyterian Church. Alexander 
MacKenzie, Jr., the father of our subject, was born 
in Nova Scotia, JNIarch 6, 1797, and is pow in 
comparatively good health, bidding fair to become 
a centenarian. He still resides on part of the old 
homestead, where his father settled just after the 
Revolutionary War. 

Alexander MacKenzie, Sr., and William McMil- 
lan, grandfathers of our subject, were pressed into 
the British service during the Revolutionary War 
and therein- became British pensioners. Many of 
the former's descendants, including John and 

Daniel, two brothers of Dr. MacKenzie, partici- 
pated in the War of the Rebellion on the Union 
side. John was killed in the battle of Ft. Donel- 
son, February 15, 1862. 

The birth of William Robert MacKenzie occurred 
February 15, 1844, in Churchville, Pictou County, 
Nova .Scotia. He was the eighth child in order of 
birth. He had five brothers and four sisters, of 
whom there now survive one brother, Alexander 
G., residing at Chester, III., and four sisters, living 
within a radius of four miles from the old home- 
stead. His earlj' education was secured in the 
village schools of his native place, where he after- 
ward became a teacher. He spent his boyhood 
days on the old home farm in Nova Scotia, which 
was the stopping place of all the preachers of the 
United Presbyterian Church, and he was reared 
under the influences of the sturd}- old Cove- 

In 1865 our subject came to the United States, 
landing at Boston. Soon after his arrival he con- 
tracted measles. After over a month's severe ill- 
ness, during which, through improper treatment, he 
suffered a serious relapse, he recovered onl}- to find 
the stock of gold which he had brought from home 
very much depleted. Something had to be done 
to mend his crippled finances, so the advertising 
columns of the daily papers were scanned. A col- 
Icctorship for a gas fitting company caught his eye, 
and upon making application for the position he 
was accepted. Being a Nova Scotian was, in Bos- 
ton, a sufficient recommendation for his honesty, 
and no bond was required. 

After a few months in this position, a better 
opening was offered in the employment of William 
Tidd & Co., leather merchants, on Pearl Street, who 
also carried on business in Stoneham, IMass., where 
our subject was assigned a position. While there 
he fell in with a fellow countryman named Mc- 
Leod, who induced him to embark on a fishing 
expedition to the Grand Banks. Fitting out at 
Cape Cod, the vessel proceeded to the Grand 
Banks and began operations. The schooner, an 
old one, sprang aleak, and as it became unman- 
ageable, it was necessary to abandon it. After 
being looted of everything valuable on board by 
the rest of the fleet, she was fired and cast adrift. 



Each man Imd his own dory, and our subject and 
his partner were taken on board a schooner from 
Cape Breton Island, of which Captain Doolan 
was in command. 

After five months on the Atlantic without the 
sight of land, the vessel weighed anchor and 
started for iiome; and none too soon, for that 
same daj' a storm struck the Banks, and many of 
the vessels with their crews went down. Captain 
Doolan 's craft was more fortunate than many of 
them; and after scudding for two da3'S under bare 
poles the storm abated, and the journey homeward 
was begun in earnest. So suddenl}' did the storm 
burst upon the fleet, that instead of winding the 
sails in the usual manner, the ordet* was given to 
cut the halj'ard and let the sails fall. After a 
V03'age of about two weeks, the vessel, with crew 
and cargo, hove anchor safely in the harbor of 
Provincetown. Expecting nothing but his rescue 
and keeping for his labor after boarding the vessel 
of Captain- Doolan, our j'oung Nova .Scotian was 
surprised when the Captain, taking him to a bank, 
poured into his hands #80 in gold. 

Interesting incidents occurred while Dr. MacKen- 
zie was on board Captain Doolan 's vessel at the 
Grand Banks. One day, about noon, all the dories 
were out plying their lines. Suddenly the sky 
darkened, the waters seethed, and all but three of 
the boats started for and safel3' reached the fleet. 
Captain Doolan 's two brothers and one other 
man, each in a separate dor^', were so baffled by 
the dense fog that they lost sight of the fleet. 
Not being able to hear the fog-bell, and finding 
themselves rapidly drifting, tlie^- made prepara- 
tions to anchor in the deeper waters. Accordingly, 
they fastened the three dories together and occu- 
pied but one of them. The}' then converted the 
three anchors and the six leads, used in fishing, 
and weighing four pounds each, into one anchor, 
whose cable was formed by the union of the three 
cables and the six fishing lines. Notwithstanding 
all their precautions, however, the current was so 
strong that they drifted until they were unable to 
touch bottom. Their dories were tossed about 
until four o'clock the next evening, when the fog 
cleared, and just the tip of the tallest mast in the 
fleet was visiiile. Making for this thej- finally reached 

their vessel in an exhausted condition and suffering 
from want of food and water. Here they were re- 
ceived with joy, for all on board had believed them 
lost, as had been the fate of many who engaged in 
expeditions of this kind. McLeod,the companion 
previously referred to, became quarrelsome, and 
shifting from one vessel to another, finally boarded 
an English ship, was tal<en to Liverpool, England, 
and was returned to Boston bj- the American 

During young MacKenzie's absence, his brother, 
Alexander G., who was then a prosperous miner in 
Nevada, sent him a draft for ^lOO in gold, to assist 
him in pursuing his medical studies. During his 
long absence the letter was returned to the writer, 
who did not know but that his brother was dead. 
Communication being re-established, the check was 
again forwarded. William R., bronzed by his life 
at sea, of which he had had enough, secured an- 
other position, this time with M. M. Peyser & Co., 
on Winter Street, Boston. There he remained until 
February, 1867, when he went to Sparta, 111., and 
studied medicine, and also recited in Greek anil 
Latin to Rev. Mr. Stuart. Shortly afterward he en- 
tered the medical department of the L'niversity of 
Michigan, from which he was graduated March 30, 
1870. After a few months at Grass Lake, assisting 
E. B. Chapin, M. D., his preceptor, he returned to 
Illinois for the practice of his profession, locating 
at Kaskaskia. After remaining there for five 
years he removed to Chester, where he has been in 
continuous practice ever since. 

A leader in his profession, the Doctor holds a 
prominent place in man}' of the principal societies 
thereof. He is a member of the Southern Illinois 
Medical Association, Illinois State Medical Society, 
St. Louis Medical Societ}-, and theTri-State Medical 
Society- (Indiana, Illinois and Kentucky), now the 
Mississippi Vallc}' Medical Association. He was 
also a delegate to the International Medical Con- 
gress, which met in Washington, I). C, in 1887. 
During the course of this meeting he was a guest 
of the American Medical Editore at a banquet 
given the foreign medical editors. Ho was a rep- 
resentative of the Illinois State Board of Health 
at a meeting of the Sanitary Council of the Mis- 
sissippi Valley, which held in the cit}- of New 



Orleans in March, 1885. At the meetings of the 
Southern Illinois Medical Association, he usually 
has one or more papers ou topics of interest. At 
the meeting of this organization in January, 1880, 
he read a paper wiiich was afterwards published 
in tlie "St. Louis Medical and Surgical Journal," 
from which it wascopied, translated, and published 
in the "Paiis Medical Journal," Paris, France. 

June 15, 1883, Dr. MacKenzie was appointed a 
member of the Illinois State Board of Health by 
Gov. John M. Hamilton, to succeed Dr. J. M. 
Gregory, who had resigned. He was continued 
in office by appointment of Gov. Joseph W. Fifer, 
May 28, 1889. He served as Secretary of said 
Board from July 3 until December 31, 1891. 
Near the close of Fifer's term the Doctor sent in 
his resignation, which was not accepted until the 
lOlh of May, 1893, several months after the ac- 
cession of Governor Allgeld to the executive 
chair, thus giving the Doctor ten years in this im- 
portant position. At the meetings for examina- 
tion of candidates for license to practice medicine, 
his questions have been higlil3- commended for 
their thorougliness, comprehensiveness and ele 
mentary character. 

July 15, 1885, during Cleveland's first adminis- 
tration. Dr. MacKenzie was appointed by Commis- 
sioner J. C. Black to the Board of United States 
Examining Surgeons, at Chester, 111., and was re- 
appointed by Commissioner Tanner under Harri- 
son's administration. At the organization of said 
Board (in 1885), he was elected Secretary, in 
which capacity he served until his resignation, De- 
cember 7, 1893, a term of over eiglit years. F'or 
fifteen years past he lias been surgeon for the 
Wabash, Chester & Western Railway Company, 
and has, by his thorough knowledge of surgery, 
rendered the company invaluable services. He has 
held this position under three successive manage- 
ments of the road. 

May 17, 1875, Dr. MacKenzie married Miss Nellie 
M., daughter of Dr. William A. and Adeline S. 
Gordon, of Chester, whose biograpical sketch ap- 
pears elsewhere in this work. To tliem were born 
five children, three of whom are living, William 
A., Robert G. and Adeline E., aged respectively six- 
teen, twelve and seven years. Socially Dr. MacKen- 

zie is a member of the blue lodge chapter and coun- 
cil of the Masonic fraternity of Chester, the com- 
mandery of Knights Templar of Centralia, III., 
and the Chester lodge and encampment of In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows. He is a Pres- 
byterian, as are most of his race, while Mrs. Mac- 
Kenzie is a member of the Methodist Episcopal 

A no more appiopriate closing of this sketch 
could be made than to quote what has before been 
written of him by one who has known him for 
years. It is as follows: "Dr. MacKenzie is a care- 
ful and indefatigable student of his profession, 
and has attained a high reputation for learning 
among his fellow-practitioners in Illinois and Mis- 
souri. He has an extensive and lucrative practice 
and is one of the most highly' esteemed citizens of 
Chester. The same ability that has placed him in 
the front rank of his profession is always at the 
service of the community in which he lives for 
the promotion of meritorious enterprises. He was 
for nine years a member of the Board of Educa- 
tion of Chester, and President of that body for 
two terms. In his social relations Dr. MacKenzie 
is as popular as he is successful in his profession." 

J! H. WARD, one of the leading business men 
I of Du Quoin, is a member of the well known 
, firm of Ward ct Brother, and is a stock- 
holder and director in the First National 
Bank. His active business life has won him a 
position of prominence, and it is with pleasure that 
we present to our readers this record of his career. 
A native of Connecticut, he was born in New 
Haven, August 4, 1847, and is a son of Henry 
Ward, who was born in New Haven in 1819. The 
father was a carpenter and builder, and aided in 
the erection of the first building in which Seth 
Thomas made his famous clocks. At length he 
came to the west, locating in Williamson C'ounty, 
111., whence he removed to Carbondale, Jackson 
County. He is now a resident of Du Quoin. 

J. tl. Ward had fair educational advantages in 
his youth, and was thus fitted for the practical 
duties of life. Soon after the close of the war he 



went on the road as a salesman, traveling for two 
years in Iowa, anrt one 3'ear in Texas and Indian 
Territorj'. He tlien engaged in the butchering 
and grocery business in Carbondale, and subse- 
quently- was a dealer in men's clothing at that 
place. About 1873 he came to Du Quoin, where 
in connection with his brother, "W. D., he engaged 
in the livery and stock business, to which he has 
since devoted his energies. They have become 
the largest stock shippers in this section of the 
state, and have accumulated a handsome fortune 
along this line. They have also done an exten- 
sive livery business, and are the owners of the large 
brick building in which they carry on this enter- 
prise, together with other business property- — a 
thousand acres of farming land, several residences 
which they rent, and some valuable real estate in 
Carbondale. On their farm they have a large num- 
ber of blooded cattle and horses. Our subject is 
also one of the incorporators of the First National 
Bank, and is one of its stockholders and directors. 

In May, 1875, Mr. Ward wedded Miss Cephise 
Slawson, who was born in New Orleans, and was a 
daughter of Hiram Slawson, a native of New York. 
The latter was the nephew of .Joseph Slawson, the 
street car inventor, who died in New York City 
worth half a million. He served as foreman of 
his uncle's works in New Orleans. Mr. and Mrs. 
Ward have but one child, Hiram H., sixteen years 
of age. 

Sociallv, Mr. Ward is a Royal Arch Mason, and 
in politics has been a life-long Democrat. He was 
elected a member of the County Board of Com- 
missioners in 1887, and served for three years. 
He has also been twice elected to the Board of 
Aldermen of Du Quoin, and is one of the stock- 
holders and directors in the Du Quoin Building 
and Loan Association. He started out in life for 
himself with no capital, but has steadily worked 
his way upward and is now numbered among the 
substantial citizens of Perry County. 

W. D. Ward, who is the senior member of the 
firm of Ward & Brother, was born in Litchfield, 
Conn., in January, 1848, and came with his i)arents 
to the west. When he started out on his business 
career, he became a dry-goods merchant of Carbon- 
dale, but after a short time he sold his store and 

removed to Du Quoin, where he has since been as- 
sociated with his brother in all of the business and 
pi'operty interests before mentioned. In the family 
were five brothers and one sister, but the latter, 
Elraira, died at the age of eighteen years, and John 
died at the age of six. Another brother, George 
F. M., is an extensive clothing dealer of Mt. Ver- 
non, 111., and Samuel is in the clothing business in 
Murphysboro. W. D. Ward was united in mar- 
riage with Elizabeth, daughter of Jefferson Snider, 
of Carbondale, and to them were born four chil- 
dren, two of whom are living. Snider aged twelve, 
and Myrtle, three years of age. Mr. Ward is an 
Odd Fellow, and like his brother has alwa3's been 
a Democrat, but his time has been so largely taken 
up by business interests that he has never con- 
cerned himself greatly in political matters. 

— --S- ■.o«o.fcJ-/"V^5)"°*** *^'^ 

dolph County has much in the way of 
natural resources and commercial trans- 
actions to commend it to the public at 
large, the chief interest centres in the lives of those 
citizens who have achieved success for themselves, 
and at the same time benefited the comraunit}' in 
which they reside. Prominent among these men 
is the subject of this sketch. Having come to the 
county in 1845, he has since that time taken an 
active part in laying the foundation for the pres- 
ent prosperity of his community. 

Our subject was born in Sherborn. Mass.. May 
27, 1817, and is a son of Clark and Betsey (Bul- 
leu) Holbrook. The father was a large sheep 
grower in his native place, and at the same time 
carried on business as a merchant. He was the 
son of James Holbrook, who was also a native of 
the above place in Massachusetts, and was of Eng- 
lish descent. 

Our subject obtained his early education in the 
schools near his home, and later took a course of 
study in an academy at Brattleboro, Vt. It being 
his desire to become a lawyer, he began his legal 
studies in the otlice of Gov. William Bebb, of Ham- 
ilton, Ohio, to which place he went in 1836, and was 
graduated from the law school in Cincinnati about 



1840. After being admitted to the Bar, Mr. Hol- 

l)rooii went to Hamilton, Oliio, wiiere he engaged 
in tlie [iractice of liis profession until 1845, the 
j'ear of his advent into Sparta, tiiis county. There 
he built up a large practice and remained until 
1852, when he came to Chester and opened up 
business in this city. In 1854 he represented his 
district on the Whig ticket in the Legislature. He 
was residing in Chester on the outbreak of the 
Civil War, and later was appointed Paymaster in 
the arin^' b}' President Lincoln, continuing in this 
position until the close of the war in 1865. He 
then returned to Chester, and on account of ill 
health was obliged to discontinue his law prac- 
tice. He was later elected Police Magistrate, and 
served eight years. 

Mr. Ilolbrook was married May 15, 1845, at Ham- 
ilton, Ohio, to Miss Eliza Isabella McDill. She was 
born in Hamilton, December 28, 1822, and was the 
daughter of the Rev. David and Lydia McDill, who 
were of Scotch descent. Tlie maternal grandfather 
of Mrs. Holbrook, John McDannell, was a Colonel 
in the Revolutionaiy War. To our subject and liis 
wife were born seven children. Their eldest son, 
a graduate of Monmouth College, and an attor- 
ney-at-law, died in his twenty-fifth year. Two 
other sons died in infancy. Clara, now Mrs. 
Henry Smith, is quite a noted lecturer on the 
science and laws of health, and in the fall of 
1893 she lectured a week in W^ashington, D. C. 
She organized the Chautauqua Assembly in Ches- 
ter, and has always been foremost in forwarding 
movements for the benefit and development of 
intellectual culture. She is now a widow, and 
lives with her children on a ranch in California. 
Edward is a druggist in Chester, and is regarded 
as one of the most skilled in his calling in this 
part of the state. Elizabeth, who died January 31, 
1893, was a very talented j'oung lady and was 
given a fine musical education. She also won a 
wide reputation as an authoress, and wrote a novel 
entitled '-Old Kaskaskia Days," which was widely 
read. She was a young lady of great refinement and 
sweetness of manner, and of broad and liberal cul- 
ture. Her active mind was always seeking new 
avenues of investigation and aiding in the enlarge- 
ment of human understanding. Her great purity 

of heart and nobility of character were among the 
many charms which made her society sought by 
the best people in the community in which she 
dwelt. She was an indefatigable worker in the 
Columbian Society, and by her energ}' did much 
to help to make a proper showing for this old spot 
of historic interest. She was graduated with first 
honors at Monmouth College. Lydia, a lady of 
intelligence and culture, married James Reed, of 
Sparta, a mechanic for building bridges. 

Mr. Holbrook is a Democrat, and is a very popu- 
lar man. He is generous and open-hearted and is 
read\' at all times to do what he can to benefit 
both business and social circles. He and his wife 
are members of the Presbyterian Church. 



.. M. BATP^S, who is numbered among the 
i/Av/ leading business men of Du Quoin, is a 
^^J native of Mississippi, his birth having oc- 
curred in Woodville, Januarj' 9, 1852. His father, 
James G. Bates, was a native of Kentucky, born 
in 1817, and was a harness and saddle maker by 
trade. He wedded Mrs. Mary Ellen (Smith) Cot- 
ter, a native of Wilkinson County, Miss., and a 
representative of one of the pioneer families of 
that locality, where her father was at one time an 
extensive slave holder. By her first marriage she 
became the mother of three children, John M., 

i Matilda E. and Hlugene M. Mr. Bates served as a 

] soldier during the Mexican War, and was taken 
prisoner during that struggle, being held in the 

I city of Mexico when it was captured by General 
Scott. When the war was over and the countrj- 
no longer needed his services, he located in Mis- 

I sissippi, where he engaged in harness-making un- 
til 1858. That year witnessed his arrival in Du 

j Quoin, where he followed the same trade until his 
death, in 1863. His wife passed away in Du Quoin 
in 1876. He had a brother, William, who was a 
Lieutenant in the Mexican War. and on comino 
to Illinois settled on a farm in Franklin County, 

j where he departed this life in 1866. 

In the Bates family were five children, of whom 

! our subject is the eldest. He had two brothers 
and two sisters. One of the former is livina: in 



Arkansas. Tlie utlier, Charles P., disappeared nine 
years ago and has not been heard from since. His 
sisters reside in Texas and in Kansas City, Mo. 
W. M. Bates has been familiar with harness-mak- 
ing since liis earlies't days. Wlien in his eighth 
year lie began lo lielp his father in the shop wlien 
he was not in school. Upon his father's death he 
was thrown npon his own resources, and the suc- 
cess of his life is therefore due to his own efforts. 
For seven years he was in the employ of J. Mess- 
more, after which he went to St. Louis, where he 
followed the trade of harness-making. Later he 
carried on the same pursuit in Dixon and in 
Marion, 111., and in 1878 returned to Du Quoin, 
where he established the business which he has 
since successfully conducted. 

On the 2d of October, 1879, Mr. Bates was 
united in marriage with JSIiss Elizabeth Hughes, 
who was born in Aston. Lancashire, England, and 
during childhood came lo America with her par- 
ents, .lames and JIary A. (Ogden) Hughes, who 
settled in Du Quoin. They have had six children, 
but lost one in infancy. Those living are, Mary 
P., thirteen years of age; Ellen A., aged twelve; 
Charles J., aged eight; Beatrice, six years of age; 
and Paul W., the baby of two yeare. The one de- 
ceased bore the name of Clara. The parents are 
both members of the Catholic Church. In his po- 
litical affiliations, ftlr. Bates is a Democrat, but has 
never sought or desired public office, preferring to 
give his entire time and attention to his business 
interests, in which he has met with a well deserved 


(Vi )i>;ILEY GRAY, one of the oldest, best known 
and most highly respected citizensof Jack- 
son County, now makes his home in Elk- 
ville, where he is practically living a retired life. 
His parents, Russell and Martha (Phelps) Gray, 
were natives of Hopkins County, Ky., and there 
the father followed farming as a means of liveli- 
hood. On the 1.5th of August, 1825, a son was 
born unto them, to whom the name of Wiley was 
given. Two years later, on horseliack, they crossed 
the state of Kentucky to Illinois and took up their 

residence in Perry County, where the boy grew to 

manhood, his time being passed in the usual man- 
ner of farmer lads of that day, while with the fam- 
ily he experienced the hardships and trials of 
frontier life. 

After arriving at 3'ears of maturity, Mr. Giay 
came to Jackson County, where he has since made 
his home. On the 17th of September, 18.61, he 
was united in marriage with Miss Julia Glotfelty, 
and to them were born four children, Philip. 
Franklin, Martha and E^liza. In August, 1864, 
the mother passed away, and was laid to rest in 
the village cemetery. Two years later, in 1866, 
Mr. Gray married Miss Pha?be Porter, a daughter 
of Russell R. S. and Dorothea (Burnliam) Porter. 
Her parents were numbered among the early set- 
tlers of Ohio, and in 1844 they left the Buckeye 
State and emigrated to Jackson County, 111. Seven 
children were born of the second marriage, of 
whom fiveare yet living, namely: llattie.I., Annie, 
Russell, Amy and Wiley. 

When the thi'eats of secession were carried out 
and the south attempted to destroy the Union, Mr. 
Giay entered the service of his country in defense 
of the Old Flag, and the cause it represented. He 
participated in many of the most noted engage- 
ments of the Rebellion, and made for himself an 
honorable war record. As a private he joined 
what was popularly' termed the "preachers' regi- 
ment,'" the Seventy-third Illinois Infantry, which 
was commanded bj' Col. James F. Jacques. His 
term extended over nearly four years of hard cam- 
paigning, during which time he followed the fort- 
unes of General Sherman through tlie Atlanta 
campaign. He participated in the hard-fought 
battles of Chattanooga, F'ranklin, Nashville and 
others, and was ever found faithful to his dutj', 
although the service was hard and arduous. When 
hostilities had ceased and the preservation of the 
Union was an assured fact, he received an honor- 
able discharge, and returned to his home with the 
consciousness of having been faithful to his coun- 
try when the loyalty of its citizens received a 
severe test. 

Mr. Gray is a member of I)c Soto Post No. 564, 
G. A. R., and belongs to the Lutheran Church. 
He is an honored pioneer, and can relate many 



laughable and interesting incidents of frontier life. 
The countj' in which almost his entire life has been 
passed lie has secMi developed from an almost un- 
broken wilderness, and has ever borne his part in 
its advancement and progress. 


ARMON II. FOX, one of the prominent 
early settlers of Murphysboro, foi' many 
years was a traveling salesman, and later 
•)) was appointed by Governor Altgeld pur- 
chasingagent for theSouthern Illinois Penitentiarv 
at Cliester. He has spent his entire life in the 
county which is still his iiorae, his birth having 
occurred in Vergennes, June 16, 1836. His father 
and grandfather both bore the name of William, 
and were natives of Virginia. Tiie latter came 
with teams to Illinois in 1824, locating in Bradley 
Township, Jackson Count}', where he carried on 
farming until his death. 

William Fox, Jr., was a 3'oung man at the time 
of the removal of the family. In Bradley Town- 
ship he married Hannah Cheatam, a native of Ten- 
nessee, who came with her parents to this com- 
munitj' during her girlhood. They began their 
domestic life on wild land near«Vergennes, and 
Mr. Fox cleared and developed a farm. In the 
spring of 1852, he went overland to California 
with ox-teams, and was captain of tiie company 
with which he made the trip. On reaching Trinity 
County, he engaged in mining and in merchandis- 
ing, his death there occurring in 1867. His wife 
passed away on the old homestead in tiiis county, 
at the age of seventy -six. Of their six sons and 
three daughters, all grew to mature years, and five 
are yet living. 

H. H. Fox, the fifth of the family, was reared on 
the old home farm. In the winter season he at- 
tended school for three months, and during the 
remainder of the year aided in the labors of the 
field. On attaining his majority he left home, and 
was married in A'ergennes, February 27, 1855, to 
Miss Julia A., daughter of John Gill, a native of 
Virginia, who in his boyhood came to this state. 

For man 3' years he was a well known farmer of 
Somerset Township. In 1864, he removed to De 
Soto Township, where he carried on agricultural 
pursuits during the remainder of his da^'s. He 
wedded Ann Shumake, a native of Virginia, and 
they became the parents of eight children, two of 
whom are yet living. Mrs. Fox was born in Som- 
erset Township. Our subject and his wife have 
two children, Maiy A., wife of W. E. Chambers, a 
general merchant of Murphysboro, and John, who 
is here engaged in the livery business. 

On leaving home, Mr. Fox began the cultivation 
of a forty-acre farm, which he afterward traded 
for a tract of eighty acres. Upon this place was 
a log house, and he cleared and improved the land, 
transforming it into rich and fertile fields. His la- 
bors as an agriculturist continued until 1867, when 
he came to Murphysboro and embarked in the hotel 
business, becoming proprietor of the Henderson 
House. A year later he entered the retail groceiy 
trade and built a two-story brick building, in which 
he carried on business until 1872. He then sold 
his stock, but still owns the store. On disposing 
of his goods he became traveling representative for 
the firm of J. M. Anderson & Co., wholesale gro- 
cers of St. Louis. In the fall of 1880 he was elected 
Countj' Sheriff on the Democratic ticket for a term 
of two years. He faithfully discharged his duties, 
and when his time had expired again went on the 
road, continuing with J. H. Brookmier, of St. Louis, 
until 1889. He next was traveling salesman for 
Meyer, Smith & Robyn, wholesale grocers of St. 
Louis, with whom he continued until January', 
1893, when he became purchasing agent for the 
Southern Illinois Penitentiary. To this work he 
devoted his entire energies until the Governor de- 
clared that office vacant throughout the state. He 
now works in the interest of the Bauer Grocery 
Corapanj', of St. Louis. 

Mr. Fox is a member of the (Jdd Fellows' lodge, 
and his wife belongs to the Methodist Episcopal 
Church South. In his political views he is a Demo- 
crat, and has several times served as Alderman 
from the First Ward. He has known Murphys- 
boro since it was a small hamlet of one hundred 
inhabitants, and with its growth and upbuilding 
he has been prominently identified. His public 


aud private life are alike above reproach, and an 
honorable, upright career has won him the warm 
regard of all with whom business or social rela- 
tions have brought him in contact. 


]^ of Du Quoin, who is recognized as one of 
IjCU the progressive young men of Perry County, 
is^mbered among the native sons of Illinois, his 
birth having occurred in Abingdon, Knox County, 
on the 21st of November, 1861. His father, b. H. 
Ritchey, was a native of Kentucky, and was a law- 
yer by profession. In an early day he emigrated 
to this state, settling in Knox County, and became 
a prominent man in the early history of that com- 
munity. He there practiced law and took quite a 
leadina part in politics, being a stanch supporter 
of the'"principles of Democracy. He held the office 
of Postmaster of Abingdon, and was also Justice 
of the Peace. The mother of our subject bore the 
maiden name of Nancy Dodge, and is a native of 
Indiana. She went to Knox County, HI., with her | 
mother, her father having died during her early 
ahlhood, and is still living in Abingdon. 
° The subject of this sketch was the youngest in a 
family of five children, but three of the number 
died in early life. Frank L.. the only brother, is 
now a grocery merchant of Abingdon. The sub- 
ject of this sketch was reared in Abingdon, and 
received his education in the public schools of that 
place. At the age of twelve years he entered a 
newspaper office to learn the business, thus taking 
up the pursuit which he has made his life work. 
Soon after he went into the office of the Knox 
County Democi-al, of which his brother was foreman 
at the tin>e, and there remained for two years, dur- 
'i„<r which time he becime thoroughly familiar with 
the business in all of it« details. Later his brother 
established what was known as the Abingdon Ex- 
press and E. H. Ritchey continued in that office 
for eioht years. Later he attended school for a 
time Tnd experience, observation and study have 
nroved to him a faithful teacher, and made him a 
well informed man. The next work of Mr. Ritchey 
was in the office of the Enterprise, where he con- 
tinued for three years. 

In 1890, our subject was united in marriage 

with Miss Ida Burridge, a native of New York. 
Their union has been blessed with one child, Cleta, 
now two years of age. The parents have already 
won many warm friends in this community and 
rank his;h m social circles. 

On leaving Abingdon, Mr. Ritchey went to 
Manito, Mason County, where he established and 
carried on the Manito £j-jjress for two years. On 
the expiration of that period he sold out, and in 
November, 1893, came to Du Quoin, where he es- 
tablished the Adcocate. This paper, which is inde- 
pendent in politics, is devoted to general and local 
news and to the best interests of the community. 
It is already enjoying a good ciiculati.m. and a 
liberal patronage promises to be obtained. In his 
social relations. Mr. Ritchey is an Odd Fellow and 
a member of the Modern Woodmen. He also be- 
longs to the Knights of Pythias, and is a Past 
Chancellor of that lodge. 

\1) AMES D. BAKER, Warden of the Southern 
III Illinois Penitentiary, was born in New 
I! York City. March 16, 1854. and lived there 
(^/' until 1868, receiving his primary education 
i^Tthe schools of that city. His parents moved to 
St Clair County, 111- in 1868, and here he re- 
mained engaged in clerking and teaching school 
until 1874, whan he engaged in the banking busi- 
ness at Lebanon, 111. He followed that occupation 
continuously until January, 1894. when he with- 
drew from that line of business. During his resi- 
dence in St. Clair County, he served as Township 
Treasurer, School Treasurer, County Treasurer and 
Mavor of Lebanon. 

Our subject is a son of Daniel and Mary h. 
Baker, natives of Ireland, whose family comprised 
three sons and one daughter. The father is now 
a merchant in Indian Territory. On the 3d of 
August, 1879, Mr. Baker married Miss Ida B. 
Blanck, who was born in Lebanon, 111., and is a 
dau<Thter of Charles and Jennie E. Blanck. 

In religious belief Mr. Baker is a ineml>er of the 
Methodist Church. Politically he is a strong Demo- 
; at, and in the deliberations of that party always 
takes a prominent part. His ■"--f 3\«f f^' 
penitentiary has been most successful, and his fu- 
ture field is a very promising one. 






)RYCE CRAWFORD, formerly a prominent 
l|i-:v, farmer and stock-raiser of Randolph Coun- 
f^ll; ty, now resides in the city of Sparta, and 
devotes his attention to looking after his 
investments there and elsewhere. He is the pro- 
prietor of over four hundred acres of land in this 
county, twenty-seven hundred acres in Kansas, 
besides valuable town property. He also owns 
$1,080 worth of stock in the gas company in that 
place, and has a large sum of money to his credit " 
in the bank. 

Our subject is the son of William Crawford, 
who was born in Ayrshire, Scotland, about 1767, 
and passed the remainder of his life in his native 
land, dying in 1842. He was b}^ occupation a malt- 
ster, and possessed many pleasant personal quali- 
ties, which endeared him to all who knew him. He 
was a thoroughly Christian man and a member of 
the Presbyterian Church. The maiden name of 
our subject's mother was Helen Beverige. She 
was likewise a native of the above county in Scot- 
land, and when quite young was taken into the 
home of her eldest sister. Her father was a sea- 
man. The parents of our subject reared a family 
of fourteen children, all of whom lived to man- 
hood and womanhood with one exception. They 
bear the respective names of Andrew, John, Will- 
iam, David, Robert, George, Henry, James, Ellen, 
Benjamin, Bryce, Jane, Margaret and Mary Ann. 

Our subject was born in the j'ear 1815, in Ayr- 
shire, Scotland, and resided in his native land un- 
til 1838, when he embarked on a sailing-vessel 
bound for America. After landing here, he made 
his way to this state, and for two years was em- 
ployed in working out by the day on railroads. 
Later he located in Sparta Township, and became 
the owner of a quarter-section of land, which he 
farmed for thirty-five years. Patient industry and 
perseverance, which were the marked characteris- 
tics of his life, gave him an impetus upward to as- 
sured financial success. In 1875 he removed to 
the city of Sparta, and since that time has been en- 
gaged as administrator for many valuable estates. 

July 10, 1840, Mr. Crawford was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Marion Barr, who was also born in 
Ayrshire, Scotland. She was the daughter of An- 
drew and Jane Barr, and at her death, which oc- 

curred in August, 1892, was a devout member of 
the Presb3'terian Church. Her union with our 
subject resulted in the birth of eight children, 
namely: William D., Jane, Nellie, Andrew, Mary, 
Margaret, Marion and Andrew, the latter of whom 
died in infancy. 

In his political relations, our subject has always 
been a stanch Republican. He has served as Treas- 
urer of township 5, and was School Treasurer for 
a period of thirteen years. Deeply interested in 
all matters pertaining to local and national wel- 
fare, he is ever ready to lend a helping hand in 
the promotion of progressive enterprises. Relig- 
iously, he is a member of the Presbyterian Church, 
with which he has been connected since 1840, and 
has served his congregation as Trustee for nearly 
two-thirds of the time. 

l(s), ^^ ^ 



ONRAD DEHNER, a well known resident 
of Red Bud, located in this place in 1859, 

^^^ and has since been numbered among its 
progressive business men. The record of his life 
is as follows: He is a native of Prussia, and in 
that country passed the days of his boyhood and 
youth, no event of special importance occurring 
during the time. In 1852 he bade adieu to home 
and friends and sailed for America. On landing 
in this country he made his way to St. Louis, and 
in that city continued to reside until 1859, when 
he came to Red Bud. Here he worked at various 
employments until, through his industiy and en- 
terprise^ he had acquired some capital, when in 
1870 he embarked in business for himself. He 
has since bought a valuable property, on which 
he has erected a good building, which stands as a 
monument to his thrift and enterprise. 

After living in this country for a time, Mr. 
Dehner sent for his mother to join him. She 
came to him, and acted as his housekeeper until 
her death, which occurred in Red Bud, at the ad- 
vanced age of sixty-five years. She was a devout 
member of the Catholic Church, and had many 



warm friends in this community, who held her in 
high esteem for the many excellencies of her char- 

During the earlier years of his residence here, 
Mr. Dehner labored early and late, and as the result 
of his untiring efforts and strict economy, he ac- 
quired capital, which has since been increased by 
judicious investment, until he is now numbered 
among the substantial citizens of the community. 
His example ma}' well serve to encourage others 
who, like himself, start out in life empty-handed. 
In politics he is a stanch Republican, but has al- 
waj'S steadily refused office. Mr. Dehner has many 
warm friends in this community, and has the con- 
fidence and regard of those with whom business 
and social relations have brought him in contact. 







ELIHU B. McGUIRE is the efficient and pop- 
ular Mayor of Sparta, and a man whose 
business ability and sterling worth have 
placed him among the leading citizens of Ran- 
dolph County. He well deserves representation 
in her history, and it is with pleasure that we 
present his record to our readers. The family is 
of Irish origin. His grandfather, John McGuire, 
was born on the Emerald Isle, and on leaving that 
country located in South Carolina. He served in 
the War of 1812. 

Henry L. McGuire, the father of our subject, was 
born in 1805 in the Chester District of South Car- 
olina, where he lived until 1832. Thence, with 
only fifty cents in his possession, he started north, 
and arriving in Illinois, located in Washington 
County. In 1866 he came to Sparta, where his 
death occurred in 1875. By occupation a farmer, 
he entered a small tract of land in Washington 
County, and to this he added from time to time 
as his financial resources were increased, until he 
had about five hundred acres. On removing to 
Sparta, he purchased a house and lot and retired 
from active business. In politics he was a Repub- 
lican, and for a long period was a member of the 
Reformed Presb3'terian Church, in which he served 

as Elder for a number of years. Later, however, 
he joined the United Presbj'terian Church. His 
school privileges were ver}- limited, yet he became 
well informed, for he read extensively, and in bus- 
iness acquired a good commercial education. 

Henry McGuire was twice married. He wedded 
Eliza Campbell, bj' whom he had three children: 
Jane Matilda, wife of Hugh Matthews, a success- 
ful farmer of Jordan's Grove; Nancy T., wife of 
S. W. McKelve^', who is represented elsewhere; 
and Eliza, deceased. His first wife having died, 
in 1837 Mr. McGuire wedded Mary Lyons, who 
was born in County Antrim, Ireland, August 1, 
1 803, and when two years of age was brought to 
America by her father, James L3'ons, also a native 
of County Antrim. In 1805, Mr. Lyons emigrated 
with his family to South Carolina. While cross- 
ing the Atlantic, one of the children, a babe of 
six months, died. In 1833 the family removed 
to southern Illinois, settling on Elkhorn Prairie. 
Their nearest trading post was Sparta, fourteen 
miles awaj'. Mrs. McGuire was the eldest of a 
large family. She was full of energy and deter- 
mination, was industrious, frugal and hopeful, 
and was a worthy example for the early settlers. 
She had six children, but only John and Elihu 
survive her. She also leaves two brothers and a 
sister: John R., of Marissa; Robert, of Houston; 
and Mrs. Jeff Rainey, of Belleville. 

To those who knew Mrs. McGuire best she was 
ver3' dear, and no death in this community has 
been more widely or deeply mourned. She brought 
happiness to those around her, for her life was 
ever devoted to the interests of others. From 
earl}' 3'outh she was a member of the church, 
but for many years she was unable to attend 
services, yet she alwa3s maintained her deep in- 
terest in religious matters. In her last years she 
many times expressed herself as ready and will- 
ing to go to the home beyond, and on the 20th 
of September, 1893, she passed away, at the ad- 
vanced age of ninety years. Surely the world is 
better for her having lived. 

Elihu B. McGuire was born* in Washington 
County, 111., in 1814, and with the famil}- came 
to Randolph Count}'. He continued with his 
parents until separated from them by death, car- 



ing for them in their declining years and supply- 
ing them with all the comforts he could command. 
His business interests have been largely in the line 
of land speculating, although for a number of 
years he was engaged in the breeding of horses 
and mules with Mr. McConachie. He is President 
of the Merchants' Exchange Bank, which was or- 
ganized in 1892, with a capital of 825,000. He is 
a stockholder in the building and loan association, 
a Director of the Sparta Gas Compan}', and Vice- 
President of the Allen Improvement Compan3'. 
He is indeed prominent in business circles, and bj' 
his connection therewith has aided materially in 
the growth and upbuilding of the cit}-. 

In politics, Mr. McGuire is a Democrat, and in 
1888 was elected Chairman of the Central Com- 
mittee. In 1893, he was elected Ma3^or of Sparta, 
which position he is now creditably and acceptablj^ 
filling. His philanthropic and generous nature has 
been made manifest in the aid he has given to 
a number of homeless children toward securing 
their educations. His life has been well and 
worthily passed, and he is numbered among the 
most valued and honored citizens of Randoli)h 


JOHN B. HAMILTON occupies an important 
place in the farming community of Ran- 
dolph County and is active in advancing 
the agricultural interests of township 4, 
range 5. His father, .John Hamilton, was a native 
of Ireland, while his mother, who prior to her 
marriage was Miss Isabel Boyd, was born in 
Ohio. They were married in the latter state, 
there reared a large family of thirteen children, 
and there remained until death. They were mem- 
bers of the United Presbyterian Church and stood 
well in their communitj'. 

The five children who are now living of the 
parental family are, John B. (our subject), Thomas, 
Johnston, Margaret and Jane. Alexander died 
while a soldier in the Civil War, in which conflict 
the three other sons also took part. John B., of 
this sketch, was born in Coshocton Count}', Ohio, 
in 1839, and at the age of sixteen j-ears began to 

make his own way in the world. He came to Illi- 
nois six j^ears prior to the outbreak of the Civil 
War, and after spending some time in Blooming- 
ton made a trip to Texas, and on his return located 
in Randolph County. 

In August, 1862, our subject enlisted in the 
Union army, becoming a member of Coinpan\' G, 
Eightieth Illinois Infantry, which was organized at 
Centralia. With his company he joined the regi- 
ment at Louisville, Ky.', and later participated in 
the battle of Perryville. He was in the Atlanta 
campaign, and during the conflict at Peach Tree 
Creek was shot through the right leg, and in con- 
sequence was confined in the hospital for some 
time at Nashville. Later be was removed to Mound 
City, 111., where he remained until he was full}' 
recovered, and then rejoining his regiment at Straw- 
berry Plain, Tenn., he went with them to Green- 
ville, that state. On his return to Nashville some 
months later, he received his honorable discharge, 
after a faithful service of three years. 

After the establishment of peace, Mr. Hamilton 
came to Randolph County, where he has since 
been engaged in farming. October 1, 1868, he 
was married to Miss Sarah M., daughter of Stewart 
and Sarah (Gillespie) Burns. The father was born 
June 22, 1793, in County Antrim, Ireland, and 
the mother, a native of Chester County, S. C, was 
born August 3, 1802. Thev were married March 
7, 1820, in South Carolina, and on coming to Illi- 
nois in 1830, located on a farm in Randolph 
County, when the countiy roundabout was very 
sparsely settled. The father departed this life in 
the year 1865, and the mother in the year 1890. 
They reared a family of twelve children, ten 
of whom are living, the youngest being forty- 
five years old. Three of their sons, James G., 
David P. and William G., served in the late war, and 
the father was a soldier in the War of 1812. Mr. 
and Mrs. Burns were members of the Associate Re- 
formed Church and weie classed among the earliest 
settlers and well-to-do people of this locality. 

Mrs. Sarah M. Hamilton was born April 19, 1841, 
and has become the mother of two children, 
Sarah F^tta, now the wife of William H. Fulton, and 
William John, who resides at home. The estate 
of our subject comprises eighty-six acres, which is 



the old Burns homestead, and the house whicR 
the family occupies was built fifty-one j^ears ago. 
He devotes his attention to mixed farming, and in 
the management of his affairs shows that he is 
possessed of good business talent, and at the same 
time has proved himself invaluable in the upbuild- 
ing of his township. Our subject and his wife are 
members of the United Presbyterian Church at 
Tilden, and Mrs. Hamilton is an active worker in 
the missionary society, in which she has held the 
office of President for two terms. In politics Mr. 
Hamilton always votes with the Republican party. 
The brothers and sisters of Mrs. Hamilton are, 
Eliza F., now Mrs. John McDill; James G., who 
married Mary M. Edgar; Samuel, who married 
Nancy Cooper; Nan?y L., the wife of William B. 
Taylor; Joseph, who married Mary Lewis; John S., 
now the husband of Hannah McMillen; Archie, 
who married Marj' B. Hyndman; David P., who 
married Jane Roseborough; and William G., who 
married Josephine Tovera. 

The Burns faniih' holds a reunion every 3'ear, 
and their sixth annual celebration took place at 
the residence of our subject October 14, 1893, 
when a goodly number of the family were in at- 
tendance. A double interest was attached to the 
meeting, inasmuch as it was the twentj'-fifth anni- 
versary of the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Hamilton. 
After an excellent and bountiful dinner, James G. 
Burns, in behalf of the donors, tendered numerous 
valuable wedding gifts to the couple, who in re- 
turn responded in a pleasant manner. After a 
most enjoyable time the company adjourned, de- 
ciding to meet the following year at the home of 
Mr. Hamilton. 


"Sp^OBERT BOYD is the fortunate possessor 
L;*^ of a farm located in township 4, range 5. 
'^\ Randolph Count}'. He won considerable 
^^ distinction as a soldier, having served for 
two years as a member of the Union army. The par- 
ents of our subject, Samuel L. and Jane (Gibson) 
Boyd, were natives of South Carolina, while his 
paternal grandfather, Samuel Boyd, Sr., was born 
in Ireland in 1777. The latter, after emigrating 

to the United States, was married in South Caro- 
lina to Nancy Boyd, and came to Illinois about 
the year 1825, locating on section 17, township 4, 
range 5. In that early day the country was verj' 
thinly settled, and not an improvement detracted 
from the primitive charm of his home. With 
characteristic energy he set about the clearing 
and improving of his estate, on which he reared 
his family, and there lived until his decease. Only 
one son of that family is now living, John S., 
who makes his home in Kansas. 

The maternal grandfather of our subject, Robert 
Gibson, came to this state in an early day, and made 
his home in AVashington County at a time when 
the neighbors were few and far between. There 
he was married and there he made his permanent 
home. Both himself and wife are now deceased. 
They reared a family of nine children, of whom 
John is deceased. Those living are Mar}-, Rob- 
ert, Nancy, James, Jane (the mother of our sub- 
ject), Samuel, William and Margaret. 

Our subject was born November 7, 1843, on the 
section where he is at present residing, and received 
his education in the district school near his home. 
In December, 1863, when the Civil War was at its 
height, he left home and enlisted liis services with 
the Union army, becoming a member of Company 
K, Fifth Illinois Cavaliy. He joined his regiment 
at Vicksbuig, and later fought on the Yazoo River 
under General Custer, and after that was stationed 
at Vicksburg until the following summer. Then, 
with his regiment, he went into Tennessee, where 
they were engaged in fighting General Forrest, 
and after routing that officer went to Memphis, 
and later to Texas, where they were detailed to 
skirmish. He received his honorable discharge 
in the fall of 1865, and during his entire period 
of service was never wounded or taken prisoner. 

Returning home from the war, Mr. Bo3'd in the 
spring of 1866 was united in marriage with Miss 
Marion Bicket. The lady is a native of this coun- 
ty and the daughter of John Bicket. She became 
the mother of six children, and departed this life 
in 1880. Those of the family who are still liv- 
ing are, Mary J., Maggie B., John H., Samuel L. 
and Robert E. 

Our subject had a brother who was also a sol- 



dier in the late war, and who died in 1864, 
while in the army. Religiously, Mr. Boyd is 
a member of the United Presbyterian Church. 
Socially, he is a Grand Army man, and holds 
membership with the post at Coulterville. In poli- 
tics he always votes with the Prohibition party. 
He has been quite active in public affairs in his 
township, and has been elected School Director 
of District No. 3. 

-,,., NDREW BURNETT, of Baldwin, is one of 
(^ytJIi the honored pioneers of Randolph Coun- 
t3% who since an early day has been fa- 
miliar with the history of this community, 
has watched its growth and upbuilding and has 
aided in the work ofj^rogress and development. 
He is recognized as one of the valued citizens of 
the community, and it is with pleasure that we 
present this record of his life to our readers. He 
is a native of the Emerald Isle, and a son of An- 
drew and Ann (Wilson) Burnett, both of whom 
were born in Count}' Tyrone, IreLand, where they 
grew to mature years and were married. When our 
subject was a child of only two years, they crossed 
the Atlantic with their family to America, and lo- 
cated in the Abbey ville District of South Carolina, 
where they spent sixteen years. On the expiration 
of that period they came to Randolph County, in 
the autumn of 1840. They had a family of seven 
sons who grew to manhood, namely: .James, 
William, Alexander, John, Francis, Andrew and 

Andrew Burnett passed most of his boyhood in 
South Carolina, and at the age of nineteen he em- 
igrated westward, taking up his residence in 
dolph County, 111., where he embarked in farming 
on his own account. He managed the affairs of 
his father's family, and in his control of the same 
displayed more than average ability. In 1844, he 
entered a tract of wild land from the Govern- 
ment, and with characteristic energj' began its 
development, transforming the raw tract into 
richly cultivated fields. As his financial resources 
increased, he added to it from time to time, until 

he now owns nearly six hundred acres of valuable 
land, which yields to him a handsome income, and 
he is now numbered among Randolph County's sub- 
stantial agriculturists. June 2, 1853, Mr. Burnett 
was united in marriage with Miss Rhoda Preston, 
daughter of Daniel Preston. They have become the 
parents of a family of six children, namely: Daniel 
F.; W. J., now a resident of Ottumwa, Iowa; 
Andrew W.; Robert A.; James P., now a resident 
of St. Louis; and C. C, who completes the family. 
The Burnetts are widel}- and favorably known in 
this locality, where they have so long resided, and 
in social circles holds an enviable position. 

In his political views Mr. Burnett is a Democrat, 
but has never had time or inclination for public 
office, preferring to devote his energies to his busi- 
ness interests. He has been an industrious and 
hard-working man, and his labors have been re- 
warded by a comfortable competence. He now has 
a beautiful home and a valuable farm, and in his de- 
clining yeais is surrounded, not only with the ne- 
cessaries, but with many of the luxuries of life. He 
has reared a family of children who are a credit to 
him, and his career been one which has gained 
him high regard. 


y'-jILLIAM H. CAMPBELL. Among the men 
who are actively advancing the stock- 
„ ^ raising interests of Illinois stands our 
subject, who occupies a leading position among 
the farmers and stock growers of Evansville Pre- 
cinct. He has horses, cattle and hogs of standard 
grade that are as fine as any to be found in the 
state. His beautiful estate consists of two hundred 
acres and is located on section 17. He was born 
a half-mile from where he now lives, August 12, 

Samuel and Nancy (Glasgow) Campbell, the 
parents of our subject, were natives of South Car- 
olina, and in companj' with the McBride and 
Crozier families, came to Randolph County in an 
early day. They died in Evansville Precinct, the 
father in 185G, and the mother twenty years later. 
The former was an influential member of the Pres- 
byterian Church, while his good wife was a mem- 



ber of the Methodist Episcopal Church. They 
reared a family of five sons and three daughters, 
of whom William H., of this slvctch, is the only one 
living. He was reared in this precinct, and re- 
ceived his education in the district schools during 
the winter seasons. His father d^'ing when he was 
quite 3'oung, he was obliged to aid in the main- 
tenance of the famil}% and thus learned to carry 
on an estate in the best possible manner. 

Mr. Campbell and Miss Pauline Schuline, a na- 
tive of New York, were united in marriage Feb- 
ruary 16, 1874. The parents of Mrs. Campbell 
were early settlers in this county, where the3' were 
prominent and wealth}' farmers. To our subject 
and his wife have been born the following five 
children: Mary C, Albert J., William H., Anna 
V. and Agatha E. 

Mr. Campbell cast his first Presidential vote for 
Seymour, and voted with the Democratic party 
until 1892, when he joined the People's party. 
With his famil\-, he has been a member of the 
Catholic Church since 1887. He has taken a 
prominent part in educational matters, and has 
been School Director. He is now serving as Trus- 
tee of his township. A part of the farm which he 
owns was included in the old homestead, which he 
purchased from his mother in 1878. It is beauti- 
fullj- located about two and one-half miles east 
of Evansville, and from its cultivation he reaps a 
handsome income. 



^AVID McCONACHIE, a leading business 
man of Sparta, is also the owner of one 
hundred and sixteen acres of land in 
Randolph County, which valuable prop- 
erty has been acquired through his indomitable 
interest and good management. He is also largely 
engaged in shipping stock, and a man of en- 
terprise, he has taken an active part in the devel- 
opment of this county, and has been a prominent 
factor in the promotion of various important 

David McConachie, the father of our subject, 
was born in Count}- Antrim, Ireland, in 1800, and 

emigrated to America in 1848, landing in New Or 
leans. Thence he made his waj' up the Mississippi 
River and lived for some time in Chester, but later 
moved on a farm five miles south of Sparta, where 
he resided until a few years prior to his decease. He 
was a farmer by occupation, and died while living 
in Sparta in 1885. He had received a good Eng- 
lish education, and on coming to America had 
sufficient means to purchase a quarter-section of 
land. He was a member of the Convenanter 
Church in his native land, and when he died, in 
1885, it was felt by all who knew him that a good 
man had gone to his final reward. The paternal 
grandfather of our subject, David McConachie, 
also a native of Count}- Antrim, was a prosperous 
farmer, and lived to the advanced age of one 
hundred and eight j-ears. 

Mrs. Violet (Hunter) McConachie, the mother of 
our subject, was born in County Antrim, Ireland, 
in 1816, and was one in a family of six children, 
whose parents lived and died in the Emerald Isle. 
Eleven children were included in the parental 
family of our subject, namely: John H., David (of 
this sketch), Violet H., Robert C, Eliza Jane, 
W^illiam A., Jennie, Alexander, Ann, Thomas and 
James. His first wife having died, the father of 
our subject was married in 1881 to Mrs. Elizabeth 
HoUida}', who departed this life in April, 1893. 

David McConachie, who was born February 11, 
1834, in County Antrim, Ireland, accompanied his 
parents at the time of their emigration to America, 
and remained at home until 1852. He had been 
given a good common-school education, and when 
reaching his eighteenth year began to earn his 
own money by working out on farms. He was 
thus emploj'ed only for a twelvemonth, when he 
rented and cultivated land on his own account. 
In addition to tilling the soil, he operated a thresh- 
ing machine until 186 hand in that3-ear, the Civil 
War being in progress, he bought and sold Gov- 
ernment cattle, horses and mules. Mr. McCona- 
chie was thus employed until the close of the war, 
when he engaged in the mercantile business in 
company with his father-in-law, A. P. Foster, 
which connection lasted for two j'ears. At the 
end of that time our subject again began dealing 
in stock, this time shipping mules to Mississippi, 



in which branch of business he has been engaged 
for tlie past twenty-five years. 

The lady who became tlie wife of our subject 
April 22, 1862, was Miss Eliza Foster, a native of 
this county. She is a well educated lady and the 
daughter of A. P. and Mary (Crawford) Foster, 
the former of whom came to this section as early 
as 1832 from South Carolina. His first location 
was made on a farm ten miles south of Sparta, 
which he continued to operate until 1846, when 
he removed to Preston and engaged in the mer- 
cantile business for one summer. Later he be- 
came identified with the business interests of Ches- 
ter, forming a partnership with Alexander Beard. 
In the year 1851, however, he returned to his 
farm, and after two years spent there, Mr. Foster 
went again to Chester and operated a general 
store until 1854. In that year he came to Sparta, 
and here made his home until 1869, whence he 
went to Shiloh. Later, he made his home in Oak- 
dale, and on returning to Sparta departed this 
life, February 11, 1871. In early life a Democrat, 
he later voted with the Republican party, and was 
a man who kept himself thoroughly posted on the 
issues of the hour. He served as County Judge 
of Randolph County in 1848, and was a popular 
and gifted man. He was a member of the United 
Presbyterian Church and aided greatly in the 
spread of the Gospel in this section. The pater- 
nal grandparents of Mrs. McConachie were James 
and Ann (Morrow) Foster, natives of Ireland and 
the United States, respectiveh'. The former on 
coming to the United States with his family made 
his iiome in South Carolina. 

Of the three children born to our subject and 
his wife, we make the following mention: Lauros 
G. is engaged as a teacher in the Rugby school in 
Philadelphia. He is a finely educated young 
man, is a graduate of Knox College at Galesburg, 
and has been a student in the Pennsylvania Uni- 
versity, also in the Johns Hopkins University. Will- 
iam E., the second son of our subject, is engaged 
in business in Sparta, and Mary V., who is a grad- 
uate of the Sparta High School, remains at home 
with her parents. 

While his private affairs naturally receive the 
major part of his time and attention, yet Mr. Mc- 

Conachie is interested in public affairs and in prin- 
ciple and belief is a Republican. His wife is a 
member of the United Presbyterian Church, and 
is foremost in aiding religious and benevolent 

OHN DAUER, whose sketch we now have 
the pleasure of presenting, is a German by 
birth, having been born in Bremen, Ger- 
many, in 1830. He is the son of John and 
Robe (Storey) Dauer, and grew to man's estate in 
his native country, where he learned to cultivate 
the soil and acquired the principles of successful 
farming. His education was limited, but natural 
ability and fondness . for knowledge more than 
atoned for the lack of what is commonly called 

The parents of our subject were likewise natives 
of Germany, where thej' died, the father in 1849, 
and the mother in 1834. John Dauer was a farmer 
and shoemaker, and was twice married, the mother 
of our subject being his first wife. Only two chil- 
dren of this marriage are living: Peter, and John, 
of this sketch. Tbe latter emigrated to the United 
States in 1852, and after remaining for a time in 
Maryland, went to Pittsburgh, Pa., where he spent 
a few days, and from there journeyed to Ohio, later 
to Kentucky, and finally made a permanent settle- 
ment in Illinois, arriving in Randolph County in 
1855. Here he was variously engaged, working 
bj- the day and month for about three years, when 
he located on a fort3'-acre tract of land, and has 
since followed farming. 

Miss Margaret Meyeroth and John Dauer were 
united in marriage September 21, 1858. The lady 
was born in Germany, and the six children of 
which she became the mother are, Frederick G., 
Andrew T., August J., Dora B., Magdalena M. and 
Theodore H. Soon after his marriage, Mr. Dauer 
located upon the tract above mentioned, where he 
resided for thirteen j'ears, and then disposing of 
his forty acres, purchased the quarter-section where 
he now makes his home, and which is located in 
township 5, range 6. He has made this place his 



home since 1870. Like most of tlie early settlers, 
he was obliged to put up with numerous incon- 
veniences, but finally made good headway, and has 
rapidly gained a competence and many friends. 
He and his wife are sincere Christian people, and 
the German Lutheran Church has in tliem two 
of its best members. Our subject is a Republican 
in politics, casting his first ballot for Abraham 

' ^ ^P • 

W^-^ ENRY HITZSMANN. Randolph County is 
if )!■ greatly indebted for its present wealth and 
/^^^ I'igli standing to the sturdy, intelligent and 
\^)j enterprising tillers of the soil who came 
from Germany, and who have been instrumental 
in developing the vast agricultural resources of 
their adopted state. As a worthy member of the 
farming communit}' who have contributed toward 
its material advancement, it gives us pleasure to 
present Mr. Ilitzsraann in this volume. He has 
long been associated with the agricultural interests 
of township 4, range 8, where he built a com- 
fortable home, and owns a valuable estate of four 
hundred and thirtj' acres. 

The birth of our subject occurred January 4, 
1839, in Furstentuhm, Schaumburg-Lippe, Bucke- 
burg, Germany, where also his parents, Fred and 
Wilhelmena (Me3-er) Hitzsmann, were born, the 
father in 1811, and the mother in 1810. Mr. and 
Mrs. Fred Hitzsmann emigrated to the United 
States in 1858, and after locating in Randolph 
County, the father, who was a poor man, rented 
land, which he operated four years. Being a hard 
worker and a good financier, he managed to save 
enough of his earnings to purchase land, and at 
the date of his death, December 29, 1877, he was 
proprietor of one hundred and eighty acres of 
good land, located on Horse Prairie. His wife, 
the mother of our subject, reared a family of seven 
children, and is still living. 

The subject of this sketch received a good edu- 
cation in Germanj', and was a lad of seventeen 
years when he crossed the Atlantic, determining 
to make a fortune for himself in the New World. 
This was one year previous to the emigration of 

his parents, and it was through him that they lo- 
cated in this county. He has always followed the 
occupation of a farmer, and that he has met with 
good fortune in the prosecution of his. calling is 
made sure when we announce that he is the pro- 
prietor of four hundred and thirty acres of land, 
and is one of the solid men of his township. 

The marriage of Mr. Hitzsmann with Miss Wil- 
helmena Wiebke occurred December 18, 1862. 
Mrs. Hitzsmann was born in Randolph County, and 
is the daughter of Fred and Wilhelmena (Schrieber) 
Wiebke. Of the ten children of which she became 
the mother, only six are living, namelj': Ernest, 
Hcnr}-, AVilliam, Charles; Wilhelmena, Mrs. Charles 
Fair; and Lena, the wife of Rudolph Attman. 
The Democratic partj' ever finds in our subject a 
faithful supporter. He is a thoroughly upright, 
honest man, always dealing fairly and squarely 
by all, and his estimable character has given him a 
high place among his fellow-townsmen. He and 
his good wife are members of the Lutheran Church, 
and heartilj- aid in its everj' good work. 

foreign birth who have contributed their 
quota toward the development of their 
adopted land, and who by patience and persever- 
ance have made America what it is, may be prop- 
erly mentioned this gentleman, who is well known 
for his integrity as a citizen. He is an active 
farmer, making his home in township 5, range 7, 
Randolph County, where he is carrying on opera- 
tions with more than ordinary thrift and sagacity. 
He owns one hundred and fifty-three .acres of land, 
which is considered one of the model farms of the 

The parents of our subject, who were also na- 
tives of the Fatherland, were Christopher and 
Fredreka (Nasstedt) Meineke. They reared a 
familj' of ten children, and spent their entire 
lives in their native land. Fritz, of this sketch, 
received his education in the Old Countr}-, where 
his birth occurred June 19, 1830. He remained 
there until 1869, when, liaving heard glowing ac- 
counts of the New World, he decided to tr^' his 




fortunes in America, and came hither in 1869. 
Finding his way lo Randolph County, he located 
in Ellis Grove, where he worked out by the day 
for four j'ears. Then finding himself able to rent 
land, he operated a farm near Ellis Grove for a 
year, and then moved to Evansville Precinct, 
where he was similarly employed and rented prop- 
erty for two years. 

At the time of localing on his present property, 
it contained but niuet^'-six acres, and Mr. Meineke 
worked hard to place the land under cultivation 
and clear the sixty-six acres which were in a wild 
state. He erected as good buildings on the place 
as circumstances would allow, added to his acreage, 
and at the present time everything on the farm 
betokens the industry and thrift of the owner. 

Miss Minnie Hopfe, also a native of Germany, 
became the wife of our subject in 1855. She ac- 
companied her husband in his trip to the United 
States, and by her union has become the mother of 
three children: Fritz, William and Minnie (now 
Mrs. William Ricknagle). She is a devoted mem- 
ber of the Methodist Episcopal Church, with which 
denomination Mr. Meineke is also connected. In 
political affairs he always casts his vote with the 
Republican part}'. He has held the oflice of School 
Director for manj' 3'ears, and is an incumbent of 
that position at the present time. 

^T/OHN H. WILSON, who is now living a re- 
tired life in Columbia, Monroe County, was 
born in this county August 8, 1819, and is 
a representative of one of its honored pio- 
neer families. His father, William Wilson, was 
born in AVashington County, Ky., and when about 
five years old was brought to this place by Mrs. 
Tolbott. Here he grew to manhood, and after ar- 
riving at mature years he entered from the Gov- 
ernment large tracts of land. He married Ma- 
tilda Wallace, and then located on a farm a mile 
from Columbia, where in the midst of the forest 
he hewed out a good home, transforming wild, 
unimproved land into rich and fertile fields. This 
worthy couple became the parents of nine children, 
seven of whom reached manhood and womanhood, 
while four are yet living, namel}': Catherine, wife 

of John S. Morgan, who resides near Columbia; 
Deborah, of Monroe County; George and John H., 
both of Columbia. 

Upon the old homestead farm our subject spent 
the daj's of his boyhood and youth, and in the 
subscription schools acquired his education. When 
about twentj-three 3eai-s of age he was appointed 
Deputy Sheriff of the countj', and so well did he 
fill the position that in 1846 he was elected Sheriff 
for a term of two years. He proved a capable 
officer, discharging his duties with promptness and 
fidelity. In 1848 he was again elected to the 
same oflice, and in 1851 was re-elected, filling the 
position for a term of eight years. He was a mem- 
ber of the Constitutional Convention which in 
1870 framed the present constitution of the state, 
and served on the finance and other important 

In May, 1844, Mr. Wilson was united in mar- 
riage with Sarah, daughter of Edward T. Morgan, 
a native of Kentucky, and one of the early settlers 
of Monroe County. The lad}' was born and reared 
near Columbia, and after their marriage the young 
couple located on a farm two miles and a-half from 
this place. After two years they came to the town, 
and Mr. AVilson embarked in general merchandising 
under the firm name of Wilson & Winel. This 
partnership continued for four years, when Mr. 
Wilson formed a partnership with L. Warnock, 
and purchased the Columbia Star Mills. He fol- 
lowed milling for about four years, when he sold 
his interest to Ernest Gross, and resumed agricult- 
ural pursuits, which he has since carried on. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Wilson was born a son, 
Joshua, a lawyer of Waterloo, and the present 
State's Attorney for Monroe County. In politics 
our subject is a Democrat, and he has frequently 
served as a delegate to the county, congressional 
and state conventions of his party. Socially he is 
connected with the Odd Fellows' society, in which 
he has held various offices. He now has a com- 
fortable home in Columbia, besides his valuable 
farm of four hundred acres. He has been a resi- 
dent of Monroe County since 1819, and is there- 
fore one of its earliest settlers and honored pio- 
neers. Through life he has been a hard worker, 
and by his diligence and perseverance he has 



achieved success. He is a man of straightforward 
purpose, whose life has been characterized by hon- 
esty, and he is ever spoken of in the highest terms, 
being respected by young and old. rich and poor. 


'illOHN R. ALLEN. In the perusal of this 
volume the reader is doubtless impressed 
with the fact that it is not accident that 
helps a man on in the world, hut persistent 
energ\' and unceasing industry. The life of John 
R. Allen affords an illustration of the fact that he 
who is shrewd to discern opportunities and quick 
to grasp them will attain a high place in the re- 
gard of his fellow-men. A laborious, painstaking 
man, his was a life of diligence, honor and suc- 
cess, and when the sun of time sank below the 
horizon of eternity it was felt bj' all who knew 
him that a good man had gone to his final reward. 
At his death, which occurred August 26, 1890, he 
was one of the leading business men of Sparta, 
and had for many years been intimately identified 
with the progressive interests and rapid advance- 
ment of the city. The people of his community 
attested to their esteem for him by electing him 
Maj^or of Sparta in 1889, which position was un- 
solicited bj' him. 

Andrew M. Allen, the father of our subject, was 
born in the year 1810, in Preble County, Ohio, 
and when a lad of six years removed with his 
parents to this county, locating near Evansville. 
Andrew M. continued to reside at home until 
1827, when, his mother having died the previous 
year, the household was broken up, and his fa- 
ther made his home thereafter with his children 
until his decease, which occurred July 5, 1845, at 
the home of his son, William Allen, near Preston. 
The father of our subject was a tanner by trade, 
but spent the greater part of his active life on the 
farm. Politically, he was a Jacksonian Democrat. 
A devout member of the Presbyterian Church, he 
allowed no man to excel him in hospitality or kind- 
ness. The paternal grandparents of our subject, 
John and Sarah (Allen) Allen, are natives respec- 
tively of New Jersey and South Carolina. The 
former accompanied his parents at the time of 
their removal to Savannah, Ga.,and while residing 

in Jefferson County, that state, was married to 
Miss Sarah Allen, who was born in Soutli Carolina, 
and located with her parents in Georgia. John 
Allen and his wife then moved north to Preble 
County, Ohio, thence to Randolph Count}-, this 
state, where their decease occurred. The grand- 
father, who was a prosperous farmer, was a Demo- 
crat in politics and served in the War of 1812. 
The great-grandfather of our subject, Robert Allen, 
was a native of England, and, coming to America 
prior to the Revolutionary War, located in New 
Jersey. Being the eldest of his father's familj', he 
inherited the estate, as was the custom of that 
countiy, and as a consequence, was in very afflu- 
ent circumstances. He was an extensive ship- 
owner, and also held large possessions in Jamaica. 

The subject of this sketch is a native of this 
count}', having been born March 21, 1839, near 
Evansville, and continued to reside at home un- 
til the outbreak of the Civil War. Although a 
mere boy, he enlisted in Company I, Twenty- 
second Illinois Infantry, under John E. Dedrick, 
who is now in the Pension Department at Wash-" 
ington, D. C. As a soldier, young Allen served 
in some of the most decisive battles of the Re- 
bellion, such as the siege and capture of New 
Madrid, Stone River, Belmont, Farmiugton, siege 
of Corinth, Resaca and Chickaniauga. While in 
the latter battle he was sliot in the leg. September 
9, 1863, and was taken to the hospital at Crawfish 
Springs, where his limb was amputated. As that 
hospital was later captured by the Confederates, 
our subject was taken to Chattanooga, and on the 
7th of October, 1863, was exchanged and soon 
thereafter discharged. He was a quiet, unobtru- 
sive soldier, and won not only the respect of his 
comrades, but the confidence and esteem of his 
superior officers. 

After his return from the arm.y, John R. Allen 
established the first regular provision store in 
Sparta, which he continued to operate until within 
eighteen months of his death. A man of enter- 
prise, he always took an active part in the devel- 
opment of every measure set on foot for the ad- 
vancement of the cit3% and was a prominent factor 
in the promotion of various matters of mutual 
welfare. He was very charitable and benevolent, 



and established the cash system in business, 
pa3'ing the fanners either in cash or goods for 
their produce. During the financial depression 
early in the '70s, in order to help restore confi- 
dence, Mr. Allen sent to St. Louis for gold to pay 
the farmers, which fact not onlj' helped to in- 
crease his own business, but stimulated trade 
throughout tlie city. 

April 29, 1864, John R. Allen married Miss 
Mar\' C, daughter of Samuel and Nancy McClin- 
ton, and to them has been born one son, C. F. 
Allen. . In his political relations our subject was 
an uncompromising Republican, but at the same 
time conceded to everyone else the rights he 
claimed for himself. It was while on his way to 
the Republican Convention which was held in 
Evansville that death claimed him as his own. 
That sad event occurred August 2G, 1890. In 
early life he was a member of the United Presby- 
terian Church, but later joined the Presbyterian 
* Church, in which he was an Elder for many 
3' ears. 

AVID B. BOYD, a progressive farmer re- 
siding in township 5, range 6, Randolph 
Count}-, has risen to a position in agri- 
cultural affairs which many might envy. 
He is the owner of five hundred acres of valuable 
land, and has been largely' instrumental in bring- 
ing about man}' of the new and successful meth- 
ods of advancing business, educational and social 
standards. His father, Thomas Boyd, was born in 
County Antrim, Ireland, in 1784, and emigrated 
to America, locating in South Carolina about 

Thomas Boyd made his home in the above 
named slate until 1830, when he decided to try 
his fortunes in the Prairie State, and coming to 
Randolph County, located in township 5, range 6, 
where he was residing at the time of his decease, 
January 11, 1849. His occupation was that of 
farming. He was pressed into the British service, 
and while on a vessel, lost his hearing by the 
concussion of guns. In politics he was a Whig.and 
religiously was a member of the Reformed Pi-esby- 

terian Church. Thomas Boyd was the son of John 
and Susan (Neally) Boj'd, natives also of Coun- 
ty Antrim, Ireland. Like man}- of their fellow- 
countrymen, they made their way to the United 
States. They died in South Carolina, where they 
were farmers. Previous to coming to America, 
the grandfather of our subject was a weaver and 
ganger. His famih' consisted of three sons and 
two daughters, John, Thomas, Samuel, Susan and 

Mrs. Mary (Humes) Boyd was likewise born in 
the Emerald Isle, and when her parents, David and 
Elizabeth (Montgomery) Humes, emigrated to the 
New World, she accompanied them on the journey 
and located in South Carolina. There her father, 
who was a prosperous farmer, was an active member 
of the Presb^'terian Church. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas 
Bo3'd were married in 1807, and the children born 
to them were: Elizabeth and Susan, now deceased; 
John, who died in 1849; William, who departed 
this life in his twenty-second 3'ear; David B., of 
this sketch; Thomas, and one who died in infanc}'. 

Our subject was born IMa}* 22, 1819, in the New- 
bury District, S. C, and there continued to reside 
until the decease of his parents. He was given 
but few educational advantages, and upon reach- 
ing mature 3-ears engaged in farming pursuits. 
After coming to this count}-, in 1830, he first pur- 
chased eighty acres of land from his father, and 
on the death of the latter, came into possession of 
the old homestead, which he has occupied for over 
sixt}' 3'ears. 

December 30, 1847, Miss Tabitha Jane Brown 
and our subject were united in marriage. Mrs. 
Boyd was born within two miles of where she is 
now living. She is the daughter of David and 
Margaret (Morrow) Brown, natives respectively 
of South Carolina and Kentuck}-. Her parents were 
married in the Blue Grass State, and coming to 
Illinois, in 1826, located on Livel3- Prairie. David 
Brown was the son of Isaac and Jane (Means) 
Brown, natives of South Carolina. The grand- 
father died in Kentuck3'; his good wife came to 
Illinois, and departed this life in Randolph Count}'. 

To Mr. and Mrs Bo}'d have been born nine chil- 
dren: Maggie, Mrs. Samuel Wasson, of this coun- 
ty; Mary, who lives at home; Anna, Mrs. Samuel 



Fulton, of this county; William, who is a coal 
dealer in St. Louis; David, who is engaged in the 
coal business at Sparta; Thomas A., who nialies his 
home with his parents, and three who died in in- 
fanc}'. A man of untiring energy, Mr. Boyd's 
success in life is proved by the fact that, although 
he started without money or land, he has accumu- 
lated over five hundred acres, upon which he is en- 
gaged in general farming. In politics he is a stanch 
Republican. He is an Elder in the Presbyterian 
Church, with which denomination his wife also 
holds membership. 

If/ OHN KNOX BLAIR is one of the shrewdest 
and most intelligent agriculturists of town- 
ship 5, range 6, Randolph Countj', as is 
showu bj' the success which has crowned 
his eflforts. He was born February 6, 1828, in 
Tennessee, and is the son of James and Jane 
(Wiley) Blair, natives of .South Carolina, where 
the former was born in 1797. 

James Blair, the father of our subject, accom- 
panied his parents, William and Elizabeth Blair, 
on their removal to Tennessee in 1816. The 
latter were both natives of Ireland, but the grand- 
father of our subject died in Tennessee. In that 
state the parents of our subject were married, and 
in 1832 came to Randolph County and lived on 
what is now known as the Rile3' McKelvy Farm. 
Two years later the father entered land from the 
Government, which is the same property owned 
b\' the 3'oungest brother of our subject, James F. 
The old homestead contains two hundred acres, 
which tlie father cleared, and of which he made a 
valuable estate. He was a member of the New 
Light Covenant Church, in which he was an Elder. 
He departed this life February 25, 1860. The 
mother of our subject was born in 1799 and died 
in 1890, at the advanced age of ninety-one years. 
She was also a member of the Covenant Church. 

Our subject was the fourth in order of birth 
of a family of seven children, his brothers and 
sisters bearing the respective names of Samuel 
W., William R., Tirza M., James F., Martha and 

Louisa. John K. was only four j'ears of age at 
the time his parents removed to Randolph County, 
and here he received a limited education in the 
district schools. He remained at home until his 
marriage in 1852 with Miss Mary E. McCoughan, 
who was born in this couutv. 

After his marriage, Mr. Blair removed to Perry 
County, where he resided for five years, and then, 
his wife having died October 5, 1857, he returned 
to this county with his children, Gilbert S., Lem- 
uel and Mary E., the latter of whom is now de- 

Gilbert S., the elder son, married Miss Ida Mc- 
Guire, and resides in Parsons, Kan; Lemuel, the 
second son, is a graduate of the Chicago Homeo- 
pathic Medical College, and a practicing physician 
in Edgerton, Kan.; he married Sabina Reed, of Ced- 
arville, Ohio, who is deceased. Mre. Mary Blair was 
a faithful member of the New Light Covenant 
Church, in which bodj- her father was an Elder. 

The lady whom Mr. Blair married in 1862 was* 
Mrs. Mar}- Catherine (Brown) Wj-lie. By her 
marriage with Samuel Wiley she became the 
mother of three children, onlj- one of whom. 
Flora, now Mrs. James M. Hathorn, is living. 
By this union Mr. Blair had a family of three 
children, of whom James is deceased. Those liv- 
ing are Samuel L., Jr., and John Riley. After his 
second marriage, our subject removed to the farm 
owned by his wife, where the}- resided until 1880. 
He then purchased his present farm, it being the 
place where Mrs. Blair's father located upon com- 
ing to the county. In politics, Mr. Blair voted 
with the Republican partj- until two j-ears ago, 
when he joined the ranks of the Prohibitionists, 
and now casts his ballot fou the candidates of that 

Mrs. Blair was born in this count}- in 1830, and 
is the daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth (Morrow) 
Brown, natives of South Carolina, w-ho migrated 
to Kentucky, and thence in 1827 came to Ran- 
dolph County. Here Mr. Brown entered the land 
which is now owned by our subject, cleared and 
made valuable improvements on the same and re- 
sided there for fifty-five years. He was born in 
1797, and six years prior to his decease, in 1884, 
was afflicted with the loss of his eye-sight. He 



was four times married, his first wife being a Miss 
Steele, by wbom lie had one child, who is now de- 
ceased; his second union was with Miss Elizabeth 
Morrow. His thirti wife was Miss Chambers, and 
his fourth a Miss Woodside. Joseph and Eliza- 
beth (Morrow) Brown had a large family of cliil- 
dren, as follows: James M., deceased; Elizabeth J.; 
David, now deceased; Mary Catherine, ]\Irs. Blair; 
Joseph; Alvira A; John B.; Nancy M. and William 
M. The parents were members of the Associate 
Reformed (now the United Presli^'terian) Church, 
in which the father held the office of Elder. 






^1|_ UGH EASDALE. One by one the pioneers 
i[)|! of Randolph County are passing away, and 
1^^^' their labors and struggles will soon be a 
(^) matter of history. It is well to preserve a 
brief account of the privations and difficulties un- 
der which the}' labored in laying the foundation 
of our material, civil and religious prosperity. 
For this purpose a few facts regarding the honored 
gentleman above named will be presented to our 

The subject of this brief sketch was of Scotch 
birth, and was born in Ayrshire in October, 1814. 
He was reared to manhood in Scotland, and for 
many years made his home on a farm with his 
grandmother in that country. He was given a 
good education, and deciding to come to America 
in, 1840, he crossed the Atlantic, and after landing 
in the New World, made his way to Illinois and 
located in Randolph County. 

The marriage of our subject, which took place 
in 1849, was with Miss Mary Aitken, who was 
born in Ayrshire March 31, 1831. Mrs. Easdale 
was the daughter of James and Barbara (Stephen- 
son) Aitken, also natives of the above place, where 
the mother's decease occurred. The wife of our 
subject came to America in 1849, in company with 
two of her brothers, and with them made her home 
in this county. After her marriage with our sub- 
ject, the young people located upon a tract of 
land in township 4, range 5, which in that early 
day bore no improvement. The estate comprised 

three hundred and fifty acres, and at his death 
Mr. Easdale had placed two hundred and seventy 
acres under good tillage. The farm is supplied 
with a comfortable residence and all the accom- 
paniments in the waj' of barns, sheds, etc., that are 
needed in properly carrying on a farm. Our sub- 
ject was engaged in mixed farming, and made a 
specialty of breeding fine blooded horses. 

Of the ten children born to Mr. and Mrs. Eas- 
dale, we make the following mention: Mary mar- 
ried William Crawford, and resides in Kansas; 
Maggie is the wife of John Stephenson, and makes 
her home in this township; Janet is the wife of 
Samuel Boyd; Ida married James Lindsey; and 
Hugh A., Helen and Robert are at home. Mr. 
Easdale was Treasurer of the United Presbyterian 
Church, of which he was a member for many 
years. He was School Director of this district for 
many years, and also served as Township Trustee. 
A stanch Republican, he represented his party as 
delegate to the various conventions. He possessed 
those noble personal qualities which justl}' classed 
him among the best citizens of the county. The 
farm is managed by Mrs. P'.asdale and tlie three 
children who are at home. She is an intelligent 
and capable woman, and is a member of the United 
Presbyterian Church. 

'^\ OSEPIl R. PRESTON, a well known .agri- 
culturist residing on township 4, range 7, 
is one of the native sons of Randolph 
County and a representative of one of its 
honored pioneer families. In 1839 there came to 
Randolph County Robert H. Preston, with his wife 
and children. Tliej' located on a farm adjacent 
to Baldwin, purcliasing land of Jack Boyd, an 
earlj' settler of the community. The journey 
westward was made with a one-horse wagon. 
While in tlie east, Mr. Preston worked in woolen 
mills, being a weaver by trade. He brought with 
him to the west $600, which he invested in land, 
and at once engaged in farming. Although he 
was unfamiliar witli this pursuit, he met with most 
excellent success in his undertakings. His wife, 
who bore the maiden name of Elizabeth Flem- 



ing, was a native of New Jei-sey. Their family 
numbered three sons and a daughter: vSarah H., 
widow of John A. Spaeth, who resides with her 
family in Wilson County, Kan.; Joseph R., of this 
sketch; and Albert L. and Alfred L. (twins). The 
latter now resides near Baldwin, but the former 
died, leaving one son, who now makes his home 
in Baldwin. The father of this family was very 
successful and acquired a handsome competence. 
He was a faithful member of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church South, and gave liberally of his 
means for the erection of the house of worship in 
Baldwin. He was always ready to support any 
worthy' enterprise, and the poor and needj* found 
in him a friend. 

Joseph R. Preston was born on the old home- 
stead farm in 1841, and his boj'hood and }'outh 
were spent amidst pla^' and work. He early be- 
came familiar with all the duties of farm life, and 
in the common schools of the neighborhood he 
acquired a good English education. At the age 
of twenty- years he was united in marriage with 
Miss Margaret, daughter of William Cox, one of 
the earl3' settlers of Randolph Count}-. They be- 
gan their domestic life upon the old homestead, 
and Mr. Preston erected the house which is still 
their home, and in which manj' happy years have 
been passed. Seven cliildren were born to them, of 
wliom four are living, namel}': WiHiara R.,who mar- 
ried Sarah F.Carter and is engaged in merchandis- 
ing in Baldwin; Absalom K., M. Ma}- and John C, 
who are still under the parental roof. Elizabeth E. 
died at tlie age of sixteen years, and the others died 
in early childhood. 

The home farm of Mr. Preston comprises two 
hundred and eighty acres, and in connection with 
this he operates one hundred acres about a mile 
west. His lauded possessions aggregate seven 
hundred acres, the greater part of which he has 
cleared and developed himself. For several 3^ears 
he devoted his time and energies chiefly to gen- 
eral farming, but for some years past he has 
been quite extensively engaged in stock dealing. 
His business career has been a prosperous one, 
owing to his diligence and well directed efforts, 
and he is recognized as one of the practical and 
progressive farmers of the community. In poli- 

tics he is a stanch Democrat, but has alwaj-s re- 
fused public office. He contributes liberally to 
worth}- enterprises calculated to advance the gen- 
eral welfai'e, and jierforms many acts of kindness 
and charity, but all are done in a quiet and unos- 
tentatious manner. 

<^T UGUST H. KOCH, who is numbered among 
lO/// II ^jjg leading business men of Red Bud, con- 
tl ducts a harness establishment, and is also 
i@y a dealer in road vehicles and farm imple- 

ments. He is a native of the town which is still 
his home, his birth having occurred here in 1855. 
His parents, Henr}' and Sophia (Reinhart) Koch, 
were both natives of Germany, and in that coun- 
try were reared and married. The year 1840 wit- 
nessed their emigration to America. The}- located 
in St. Louis, but after a short time came to Red 
Bud, where the father engaged in business as a 
merchant-tailor until his death. The family num- 
bered six children, but with the exception of our 
subject all are now deceased. One brother, Henry, 
grew to manhood and married, leaving at his 
death two children. 

August H. Koch spent the first fourteen years of 
his life under the parental roof, and then went to 
St. Louis, where he served an apprenticeship of a 
term of four years to a harnessmaker. He thor- 
oughly mastered the business, becoming an expert 
workman, and then returned to Red Bud, where 
he opened his store. His trade has constantly in- 
creased from the beginning, and he now does as 
large a business as any harness dealer in the coun- 
ty. In 1889 he had purchased a stock of spring 
wagons, and the following year he added a stock 
of carriages, buggies, farm implements, etc. His 
enterprise and business ability have been the im- 
portant factors in his success, and have placed him 
among the substantial citizens of the community. 

In the year 1878 Mr. Koch was united in mar- 
riage with Sliss Katrina Diehl, a native of Monroe 
County, III. By their union have been born 
eleven children, seven of whom are still living. 
The parents hold membership with the Lutheran 
Church, contribute liberally to its support, and 



take an active part in its growth and iipbuilding, 
doing all in their power to advance tiie cause. 
Mr. Koch exercises his right of franchise in sup- 
port of tlie Republican party, and is a warm ad- 
vocate of its principles. He served for one term 
as City Treasurer, but has never been an office- 
seeker, preferring to devote his entire time and 
attention to his business interests. A well and 
worthily spent life has won him the high regard 
of a large circle of friends and acquaintances, and 
we take pleasure in presenting to our readers this 
record of one of the native sons of Randolph 

• ^ P • 

bllOMAS B. STEPHENSON. A man of un- 
tiring energy, the subject of this sketch has 
been successful in life, which is proved by 
the fact that, although he started for himself with- 
out money, he has accumulated a comfortable home 
and is now one of the prominent citizens of Ran- 
dolph County. He resides in Sparta, where he is 
Secretary and Treasurer of the Sparta Pressed 
Brick Company, of which he was one of the organ- 
izers. He is also a stockholder and Director in 
the Sparta Creamery, and has been prominentlj' 
connected with the organization of the building 
and loan association, of which he is the Secretary. 

The father of our subject, Edward Stephenson, 
was born in Lancashire, England, in 1829, and at 
the early age of nineteen was united in marriage 
with Miss Elizabeth Preston. "With his wife and 
a family of five small children, he left his native 
land to seek a home in the New World. He natu- 
rally turned to Her Majesty's province of Canada, 
and having acquired an education for the profes- 
sion of a school teacher, he turned his attention to 
that in his new home. But only a few more years 
were allotted him in this world. The hardships 
and anxieties of frontier life overcame him, and 
while yet a young man he laid aside his armor 
and entered into eternal rest. 

After a few years of widowhood, our subject's 
mother married the brother of her deceased hus- 
band, John D. Stephenson, who was born in 1836 
in Lancashire, England. In 1857 he emigrated to 

America, and locating in Canada, remained at To- 
ronto until 1860. when he came to the States and 
made his home in Sparta. The following j'ear he 
moved to a farm four miles northeast of the city, 
which he cultivated and resided upon until 1892, 
whea he returned to Sparta, and is now living a 
retired life. He is a carpenter by trade, but fol- 
lowed farming through the greater part of his 
active life. His early education was received in 
the common schools, and-although his advantages 
were not of the best, he improved his spare mo- 
ments, and became one of the well posted men of 
the section. In politics he is a stanch Republican, 
and is deeply interested in all matters pertain- 
ing to the advancement of his community. He 
held the oflices of Road Commissioner, Township 
Commissioner, .Justice of the Peace and School 
Trustee, and is recognized as a man of extended 
influence. He was formerly an official member of 
the Baptist Church, but is now associated with the 

The paternal grandparents of our subject, Chris- 
topher and Margaret (Walker) Stephenson, were 
also natives of Lancashire, England, where they 
lived and died. The grandfather, who was a. 
canal-keeper, was the son of William Stephenson, 
a Scotch sailor. The maiden name of our subject's 
mother was Elizabeth Preston. She likewise was 
born in the above shire in England, and was a 
daughter of John and Ann Preston, prosperous 
farmers, who spent their entire lives in their native 
land. During the latter 3'earsof her young woman- 
hood, Mrs. Stephenson made her home with her 
eldest brother, Roger, who was a Quaker, and 
through him received a good education. 

The mother of our subject was first married 
about 1848, and tiie union was blessed with the 
following named children: Roger P., Christopher, 
John, Edward, Thomas B., Margaret and Elizabeth 
A. To her second marriage five children were born, 
James, William R., Sarah J., Mary and Alonzo J. 
Tlie eldest son is now living in Salma, Kan., where 
he is pastor of the First Baptist Church; Christo- 
pher makes his home in Denver, Colo., and is a 
prominent lawyer of that place; John lives on the 
old homestead near Sparta; Edward makes his 
home in Jackson, Mich., and has charge of the 



Baptist Church there; Margaret is the wife of R. 
S. Burns, a. carpenter residing in Sparta; Elizabeth 
married Michael S. (Crawford, a farmer in Crawford 
County, Kan.; James is a member of the firm of 
Stei)henson Brothers, in Sparta; AVilliam R. is the 
junior member of the same firm; Alonzo is em- 
ployed in the pressed brick works, in which our 
subject is interested; Sarah J. and Mary are at 

Thomas B. Stephenson was born November 20, 
1855, in Lancashire, England, and accompanied 
his parents on their removal to Canada in 1857. 
He was reared to manhood in Randolpli Countj', 
111., in the meantime attending school when oppor- 
tunity offered, and also engaged in farming pur- 
suits. Later, his knowledge gained in the public 
sciiools was supplemented by attendance at the 
Carbondale Normal University, where he was 
a student for about two years. He earned his 
first money by teaching school in Cumberland 
County, III. After being thus engaged for two 
years in that place, young Stephenson returned to 
Randolph County, and was employed as teacher 
in this vicinity for four years, the last two terms 
of which time he taught in the liigli school at 

In 1881, while teaching school, Mr. Stephenson 
purchased the stock of goods from S. F. Hyndman, 
of Sparta, and, associated with his brother-in-law, 
J. L. Beattie, continued to carry on business as 
Stephenson & Beattie until 1890. In 1888, prior 
to disposing of his interests in that line, our sub- 
ject became book-keeper in the bank of F. R. 
Crothers & Co., with whom he remained until Feb- 
ruary of 1892. Mr. Stephenson assisted in incor- 
porating the Sparta Pressed Brick Company, which 
was organized with a capital of $14,000. It is a 
valuable acquisition to the town and gives employ- 
ment to many men. Tiie building and loan asso- 
ciation, which was incorporated in April, 1886, in 
a measure owes its existence to our subject, as does 
also the Sparta Creamer}', of which he is a stock- 
holder and Director. The latter was organized in 
1884, and now has a capital of ?!10,000. The com- 
pany paj'S out for milk each year from S50,000 to 
$60,000, and the product of the factory finds a 
ready sale in this vicinity. The Gas and Oil Com- 

pany of Sparta, of which Mr. Stephenson is now 
Treasurer, operates twelve wells, and has a capital 
stock of $15,000. 

October 8, 1879, IMiss Mary, daughter of Jacob 
B. and Elizabeth (McMillan) Beattie, became the 
wife of our subject. She is a native of Sparta, 
while her father was born in Allegheny County, 
Pa., and her mother was born in Paisley, Scotland. 
Mr. Beattie came to Randolph County in 1818, 
and located in township 4, range 5. February 9, 
1853, he married Elizabeth McMillan, and the}' 
still reside upon the old homestead. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Stephenson have been born three children, 
Edward B., Bertha E. and Carl C. In his political 
relations, our subject always votes with the Repub- 
lican party, and few residents of the county are 
more widely known, and none more favorablj', than 
he. With his wife he is associated with the Brethren. 



EUSADE PALMIER. This gentleman may 
truly be called a self-made man, as will be 
/- -i i seen by the perusal of his history. He oc- 
cupies a valuable estate of five hundred acres lo- 
cated in Prairie du Rocher Precinct, Randolph 
County, and ranks among the highly respected 
citizens of the county. He is an enterprising 
farmei', prudently changing his crops in order to 
keep up the fertility of the soil, and devotes the 
greater amount of his land to grain, without 
neglecting other articles of produce, however. 

Joseph and Mary L. (Chilcot) Palmier, the par- 
ents of our subject, were natives of St. Clair Coun- 
ty, this state, and were of French descent. They 
came from Canada in an early day and located in 
St. Clair County, where tlie father of our subject 
departed this life. His good wife is still living, 
at the advanced age of eighty-four j'cars. They 
were the parents of eight children, of whom three 
sons and two daughters are yet living. 

Eusade Palmier, of this sketch, was born May 7, 
1845, in St. Clair County, this state, and there re- 
mained with his parents until reaching his twelfth 
year, when, his father having died, he accompanied 
his mother on her removal into Randolph County, 





where be has since made his home. At the usual 
age he began attending school, receiving his edu- 
cation in a rude log cabin, which bore little resem- 
blance to the modern structures of to-day. 

January* 3, 1866, our subject and Miss Sophia 
Mougin were united in marriage, and to them 
were born nine children, namely: Arsen, Alfred, 
Cora, Louise, Vita, Marcel, Eddie, Harry, and Lean- 
der, wlio died when twelve j-ears old. INIr. Palmier 
lias been one of the important factors in promo- 
ting the growth and prosperit}- of his precinct, and 
being a progressive, liberal, public-spirited man, 
occupies a high place in social and educational 
matters. His fine farm is pleasantly located one 
and one-half miles southeast of Prairie du Rocher, 
and from its tillage be reaps large profits. 

In politics, our subject gives his allegiance to 
the Democratic part3', and he cast his first vote 
for .Sej-mour. He has never sought office, but at 
tlie solicitation of his fellow-citizens, he has served 
with satisfaction as Trustee of Prairie du Rocher, 
and, all in all, is an influential citizen. 

^ I^ILLIAM SCHUCHERT, ex-Mayor of the 
\r\/// city of Chester, and one of the leading 
\^/^ citizens of the place, is engaged in the diy- 
goods and grocerj- business, carrjing in bis estab- 
lishment a full line of all articles used in city and 
country households. He has done much toward 
advancing the prospentj- of the citj', and by his 
unceasing application to business has secured a 
competency, while his unwavering honesty and 
true nobilitj' of character have won him the high 
regard of his fellow-men. 

Like many of the best citizens of Randolph 
County, our subject was born across the waters in 
Germany, the date of his birth being September 
28, 1832. He is the son of J. F. W. and Mary (Selig- 
man) Schuchert. The father, who was a black- 
smith by occupation, emigrated to the United 
States in 1848, and on landing in New Orleans, 
made his waj' from the Crescent Citj^ up the Mis- 
sissippi River to Chester, where be arrived in 
February of that year. 

The parental family comprised two children, our 

subject and John F., the latter being a resident of 
Cape Girardeau, Mo. "William was a lad of six- 
teen 3-eais when he accompanied his father to the 
New World, prior to which he had received a good 
education in the model schools of his native land. 
On arriving in Chester, be assisted his father in 
opening up a blacksmitli shop, and remained with 
him for two years, when be went to St. Louis, Mo., 
and for six months was engaged as a clerk in a 
hotel. Returning to this City, lie again associated 
himself with bis father in the blacksmith's trade, 
and continued thus employed until 1852, at which 
time, having caught the gold fever, be went to 
California and engaged in mining. Not being very 
successful in this venture, be retraced bis steps to 
Ciiester in 1858, and entering the store of H. C. 
Cole, worked for him until 1867. He then pur- 
chased the stock of goods from his employer and 
engaged in business on his own account. In 1883 
he moved into bis large slore-room, 33x68 feet in 
dimensions, located on Water Street. 

In 1860, William Schuchert and Miss Luami Cas- 
tellaw were united in marriage. Mrs. Schuchert 
was born in Haj'wood County, Tenn., and is the 
daughter of Alfred Castellaw. In his political re- 
lations our subject is a stanch Democrat, and finds 
time in the midst of his business interests to bear 
an active part in the political affairs of his neigh- 
borhood, and for six years held the office of Maj'or. 
He is also interested in educational matters, and 
indeed in all movements which contribute to the 
general welfare of the citj-. Socially, he is a mem- 
ber of Chester Lodge No. 57, I. O. O. F., which 
he is serving as Treasurer. He represented this 
order in the Grand Lodge in 1867, and Sovereign 
Grand Lodge in 1885. 

^^EV. ,J. B. SCHLOTMANN, rector of St. 
Augustine's Church, at Hecker, was born 
at Hausstette, Grand Duchy of Olden- 
^^ burg, Germany, August 7, 1860. He at- 
tended the parochial school of bis native place, 
and afterward attended the gj^mnasium at Vechta. 
He emigrated to America October 1, 1880, and 
continued bi§ studies at St. Francis Solanus Col- 



lege at Quincj', 111., graduating at the end of the 
scholastic year, in 1884, having obtained the de- 
gree of A. M. He studied tlieology witli tlie Bene- 
dictine Fathers at St. Meinrad, Ind., and was or- 
dained priest June 9, 1887. Rev. J. B. Schlot- 
mann became rector of St. Augustine's Church Oc- 
tober 16, 1887, whicli position he still holds. 

\T_^ UGH R. GUTHRIE, M. D., is not only one 
rjj^ of the oldest ph3'sicians in Randolph Coun- 
i^^ ty, but is one whose extensive practice and 
(^) high standing in professional circles prove 
conclusively his mental and phj'sical endowment, 
his careful culture, and his painst.aking efforts to 
continually add to his theoretical linowledge and 
practical sivill. 

Our subject is a son of Thomas C. Guthrie, who 
was born in 1797, in County Antrim, Ireland, and 
emigrated to tlie United States in 1817. His first 
location in the New World was made in Crawford 
County, Pa., where he taught school for one year, 
having received an academic education before 
leaving his native land. ' Thence Thomas Guthrie 
went to the Smoky City, and entering the West- 
ern University of Pittsburgh, was graduated from 
that institution in 1822. While there he was a 
student under General Black's father, who was 
professor of Latin, Greek and theologJ^ The 
father of our subject was licensed to preacli by the 
Pittsburgh Presbytery in 182.5, and as a minister 
of the Gospel he first located at Pine Creek, Alle- 
gheny County, Pa.,where he had a charge for thirtj-- 
five years. Thence lie went to Mt. Pleasant, nine 
miles from that place, where he established a mis- 
sion and continued to preach for twelve years. 
At the expiration of that time, on account of his 
failing health, he gave up the active duties of a 
pastor, and in April, 1874, came to Sparta and 
made his home with his son, the subject of this 
sketch, until bis decease, wliich occurred in 1876. 
The paternal grandparents of our subject were 
Hugh and Sarah (Cathcart) Guthrie, natives of 
Countj' Actrirn, Ireland, where the former passed 
away; the latter died in Pennsylvania. 'Phe pa- 

ternal great-grandparents were natives of Scot- 
land, who, after removing to Ireland, located in 
County Antrim. Our subject's mother, whose 
maiden name was Eliza Caskey, was a native of 
Pennsylvania and the daughter of Joseph and 
Martha (Thompson) Caskej', wlio were born in Ire- 
land, and after emigrating to the llnited States 
made their home in Pennsylvania. The parents 
of our subject were married by Dr. Black, in Pitts- 
burgh, December 30, 1828, and reared a family of 
four children, namelj': Joseph C, Hugh R., Samuel 
and Lizzie M. They are all deceased with the ex- 
ception of Dr. Guthrie. Lizzie M. was a mission- 
ary to India in 1873, and while there was sent to 
Japan, where she remained about five years. In 
October, 1878, she returned to the United States, 
and departed this life at San Francisco in April, 

The mother of our subject having died, Thomas 
Guthrie was married January 26, 1837, to Mrs. 
Nancy McLean , the daughter of Barnard Gilleland, 
a native of western Pennsylvania. She became 
the mother of four children, and died June 1, 
1847. Her children were named Margaret, James, 
Barnet and John K. In 1848 the father of our 
subject married Mary McFann, who died in 1889, 
at the advanced age of ninety-one j-ears. 

Dr. Hugh Guthrie was born February 23, 1831, 
in Allegheny Count}', Pa., and there resided with 
his parents until the spring of 1855, with the ex- 
ception of a few months, in the meantime having 
taken a literary course in Duquesne College. 
Upon leaving home he came west, and tauglit 
school for ten months in Perry Countj', 111., and 
then returning to Allegheny County, began the 
study of medicine. He attended lectures in the 
Universitj' of Pennsylvania, and received his di- 
ploma as Doctor of Medicine in 1855. When 
ready to locate for ttie practice of his profession, 
he went to Madison', Wis., and after a residence 
there of two years came to Sparta, 111., and con- 
tinued here until 1864. Januaiy 1 of that year, 
he went to St. Louis, and took a post-graduate 
course in the St. Louis Medical College. Tiien re- 
turning to Sparta, he made his home in this city 
for one summer, when he went to Philadelphia, 
and there also took a post-graduate course in the 



University of Pennsylvania, after which he at- 
tended lectures on surgery in the Jefferson Medi- 
cal College. Returning to St. Louis in 1866, he 
practiced for a short time, and the following year 
came again to Sparta, where he has since made his 
home, and is now one of the oldest and most 
prominent citizens in the county. 

March 7, 1861, Dr. Hugh Outhrie and Miss 
Helen B., daughter of Dr. Joseph and Mary Ann 
(Miller) Farnan, were united in marriage. Dr. 
and Mrs. Farnan were natives respectively of Ire- 
land and New York, and after coming to Illinois 
they located in Sparta. To our subject and his 
wife have been born three children: Mary E., the 
wife of W. G. Pardee, an attorney at Santa Fe; 
Ada, who is a graduate of tiie Jacksonville Musi- 
cal College; and Margaretta. 

In liis political relations the Doctor is a strong 
Republican, and socially' is a member of the South- 
ern Illinois Medical Association, the Illinois State 
Medical Society, the American Medical Associa- 
tion and the Mississippi Yallej' Association. He 
was reared in the faith of the Presbj'terian Church, 
and for a number of years has held the position of 
Trustee. He is now President of the School Board, 
and a member of the local Board of Health. 



W[OHN J. HELBER was a native of Stras- 
I burg, Germany, and at the age of ten years 
was brought by his father to America, the 
family locating in Darke Count}', Ohio. 
There the father died, leaving two sons, John J. 
and his j'ounger brother. Christian. They were 
reared to manhood in the Buckeye State, and hav- 
ingattained to mature 3'ears, they madetlieir home 
in the city of Cincinnati until after their mar- 

Mr. Helber was joined in wedlock to Miss Bar- 
bara Stoehr, and with his wife removed to Farm- 
ington, Mo., in the _year 1852. A year later his 
brother and his wife also became residents of that 
place. The brothers were both shoemakers, hav- 
ing learned the business in their youth in Cin- 
cinnati, and in Farmington they carried on a 
large shoe factory, manufacturing shoes for the 

slaves of the planters in that locality. Mr. Hel- 
ber was appointed Postmaster of Farmington by 
President Lincoln, and held the office for two 
3'ears, but was then forced to leave, as on account 
of his political views the lives of himself and fam- 
ily were in danger. He had to sacrifice his prop- 
erty in this removal and thereby lost heavily. 

In 1861, his brother Christian enlisted in the 
Union armj', and became second Lieutenant o 
the company to which he belonged. He served 
until about the close of the war, when he was 
drowned in Duck River, Tenn. He left at his 
death five children: Jacob, Laura, Emma, Wesley 
and Edward, residents of Farmington, Mo. 

On leaving Farmington, our subject determined 
to locate where slavery was not permitted, for he 
was a stanch advocate of Abolition, and in conse- 
quence took up his residence in Iroquois County, 
111., where for a year he engaged in merchan Using. 
At the end of that time, in August, 1865, on ac- 
count of the ill-health of liis wife, he came to Red 
Bud. Resuming work at the trade of shoemak- 
ing, he followed it until 1869, when he opened a 
general merchandise store and continued in that 
line of business until his death, which occurred in 
1883, at the age of fifty-eight years. He was a 
stanch Republican in politics and alwa^-s took an 
active part in the campaigns. Mr. Helber, who 
was greatly interested in the study of ethnology, 
collected many curious and interesting Indian 
relics and made a special study of the customs and 
modes of life of the different tribes and the imple- 
ments they used in warfare and work. An hon- 
orable, upright man, possessed of man}' excellen- 
cies of character, Mr. Helber had the high regard 
of a wide circle of friends, and his death was deeply 

Mrs. Helber still survives her husband and is 
living in Red Bud. In the family were seven 
children: Emil}', now the wife of W. J. Perkins, 
of Red Bud; Maggie; William, who is engaged in 
the livery business; John C; Alfred, who carries 
on a jewelry store in St. James, Minn.; and 
Arthur, a resident of Red Bud. 

Charles T. Helber, the eldest of the familj', be- 
came interested with his father in merchandising 
in 1875, and they carried on business under the 



firm name of J. J. Helber & Son until 1879, when 
W. J. Perkins was admitted to partnership, and 
the firm name was changed to Helber & Co., un- 
der which style business is still conducted. 

The senior member of the firm, as it now stands, 
was married in 1876, the lad^- of his choice being 
Miss Alice Spence. To them have been born five 
sons, Orloff, C. Julian, C. Roland, Spence L. and 
S. Verdi. 

In his political views, Charles Helber is a Repub- 
lican. For a year and a-half he served as mail 
agent on the Mobile ife Ohio Railroad, and carried 
the first mail on this road from Murpli3'sboro to 
Cairo. He possesses the business ability for which 
his father was noted, and the firm of Helber & Co. 
isenjo^'ing a large and lucrative trade. 



eONRAD YOGES, a worth}' representative 
of the agricultural interests of Randolph 
Count}', who now follows farming in town- 
ship 4, range 8, claims German}' as the land of his 
birth. He was born near Hanover in 1836, and is a 
son of Conrad and Sophia (Kothe) Voges, who were 
also natives of the same country. In 1852, they 
came with their family to America, and their first 
location was made in Randolph County. They 
owned a part of the land on which the village of 
Red Bud now stands. At that time the town con- 
tained only five houses. The parents afterward 
removed to Monroe County, where their remain- 
ing days were passed. Their family numbered 
the following children: Conrad, of this sketch; 
Henry, who is living in Monroe County; Sophia, 
wife of William Schuck; Wilhelmina, wife of John 
Boren, of Red Bud; Hannah, wife of August Reib- 
bick, who is living in Belleville; August and Ham- 
mond, both of whom are residents of Monroe 

Our subject spent the first sixteen years of his 
life in Germany, and then accompanied his parents 
on their emigration to America. In this county 
he was reared to manhood, and became familiar 
with farming in all its details as carried on in a 
frontier settlement. Having arrived at years of 

maturity, he was married in Randolph County to 
Miss Wilhelmina Kroemer. Only three of their 
children are now living: Dora, wife of William 
Hettehiemer, of this county; Sophia, wife of Fred 
Mehring, and Henry, who is at home and aids in 
the operation of the farm. 

Mr. Yoges is the owner of more than four hun- 
dred acres of rich land, all of which he has accu- 
mulated through his own efforts. His farm is now 
under a high state of cultivation, and the well 
tilled fields and many improvements seen, indicate 
the careful supervision of tbe owner. Mr. Yoges 
is also Secretary of the Creamery Association, and 
is Secretary of the Horse Prairie Township Mutual 
Insurance Company. He belongs to the Lutheran 
Church, and in politics is a stalwart Democrat, who 
does all in his power to insure the success of his 
party. His fellow-townsmen have frequently 
called upon him to fill positions of public trust. 
He held the office of County Commissioner for 
one term, and for over twenty years has been 
School Director. For the past four years he has 
served as Justice of the Peace, and is now filling 
that oflSce. In the discharge of his public duties, 
his faithfulness and promptness have won him high 
commendation and led to his re-election. He is 
true to every public and private trust, and a well 
spent life has won him the confidence and good 
will of all with whom business or social relations 
have brought him in contact. 

^IJ^ICHGLAS HAMMEL. It is a well estab- 
[ jjj lished fact that a man of natural ability, if 
'l v2^ possessed of integrity and energy, can ac- 
complish almost any given purpose in life. Every 
day furnishes examples of men who commenced in 
life empty handed and in a brief period of time 
accumulated considerable fortune. Such is the 
case with our subject, who was born in Germany 
May 11, 1828, and has been a citizen of this coun- 
try since 1840. 

The mother of our subject died when he was two 
years old. He remained in his native land, where 
he was given a fair education, until 1840, when, 
in company with his father, Jacob Hammel, he em- 



barked on a sailing-vessel for the United States. 
Their destination was St. Clair Count}-, this jtate, 
and there the}- made their home until the decease 
of the father in 1855. In that 3-ear our subject 
came to Randolph Count}-, and after various re- 
movals, located upon his present property in 1866. 

After locating here, Mr. Hammel did hard pio- 
neer work in improving his property for many 
years. He devotes his entire time to agriculture, 
and to the quarter-secticn which he first owned he 
has added until his possessions number three hun- 
dred and ten acres. It is well improved with all 
the modern machinery found on the estate of an 
intelligent farmer, and is pleasantly located one 
mile northeast of Preston and eight miles west of 
Sparta. In connection with his farming operations 
Mr. Hammel for eighteen years operated a thresh- 
ing machine. 

In 1851 our subject and Miss Dorothy Armstuch, 
who was born in Pennsylvania, were united in mar- 
riage, and to them have been born ten children, of 
whom the five living are, Catherine, Mrs. William 
Rinehart; George; Tracy, the wife of Daniel Liber; 
Frank, and Sophia, Mrs. Albert Rinehart. In his 
political relations Mr. Hammel has always voted 
with the Republican party. Religiously he is a. 
member of the Lutheran Church, with which de- 
nomination his wife is also connected. 

ASPER HORSCHMAXX, who is engaged in 
farming on section 29, township 3, range 8 
west, Monroe County, was born in Deburg, 
Germany, November 4, 1839, and is a son of .John 
and Elizabeth Horschmann, who in 1840 came 
with their family to this country, and located in 
Round Prairie Precinct, of Monroe County, where 
the father entered one hundred and twenty acres 
of land from the Government. He also bought 
one hundred and sixty acres, and liad a fine farm 
of two hundred and eighty acres, which he opened 
up from a wild and uncultivated tract. He cleared 
tl\e land and transformed the raw prairie into rich 
and fertile fields. He one of the honored 
German settlers of this community and a leading 
farmer. In the family were five sons and two 

daughters, of whom the following are yet living: 
Peter, a resident of New Design Precinct; Casper; 
Jacob, of Prairie du Long; Matt, of Randolph 
County; Dora, who is living near Belleville, 111.; 
and Lizzie, wife of William Meuerich. The father 
of this family died February 8, 1865. 

Mr. Horschmann of this sketch was reared on 
the old homestead farm, which he helped to clear 
and develop, and was educated in the public 
schools, but bis privileges in that direction were 
quite limited. He worked as a farm hand for a 
time, and then learned the butcher's trade at Cen- 
treville, where he was also employed in a brewery. 
During two spring seasons he was engaged in 
steamboating. Thus to various pursuits he de- 
voted his energies in order to get a start in life. 

On the 4th of April, 1864, Mr. Horschmann was 
united in marriage with Miis Caroline Burker, 
daughter of Louis Burker, who was a native of 
Germany, and who came to the United States in 
1847. He first settled in Randolph County, but af- 
terward removed to Duquom, where he made his 
home for some time. Later he became a resident 
of Springfield, 111. Our subject and his wife be- 
gan their domestic life upon the farm which has 
since been their place of residence, and their union 
has been blessed with the following daughters: 
Dora Josephine, wife of Melcha Sauer, who is liv- 
ing in Monroe County, near Red Bud; Mary Eliza- 
beth, wife of Michael Bell, who makes his home in 
Prairie du Round Township; and Gertrude, wife 
of Anton Scherle, of the same township. 

During the late war, Mr. Horsclimann was 
drafted for service, but on account of ill health 
was exempted from duty. He is recognized as one 
of the leading agriculturists in this community, 
where he owns and operates one hundred acres of 
fine land. He carries on farming and stock-rais- 
ing, and is quite successful in his undertakings. 
The improvements upon his place stand as monu- 
ments to his thrift and enterprise. His residence 
is a comfortable and commodious dwelling, which 
is situated in the midst of well tilled fields, which 
yield to the owner a good income. He also owns 
a house and three lots in Red Bud. He and his 
family are all members of the Catholic Church, 
and in politics, he is a stalwart Republican. For 



twelve years he served as Constable, proving a 
capable officer. Mr. Horscliniaun is a self-made 
man, and, aided by his wife, he has achieved success 
in life. He is a highly respected citizen, and with 
pleasure we present to our readers this sketch of 
his career. 

^^=:0# P • . 

■{flOSEPH LINDSAY, a native of Randolph 
most intelligent and 
farming commu- 
I and carrying on the 
extensive agricultural interest of township 4, range 
6. He owns one hundred and cight\'-three acres 
of finely developed land located on section 24, 
where he and his family are enjoying the comforts 
of life. 

Thomas and Jane (Strahan) Lindsay, the parents 
of our subject, were natives respectively of Ken- 
tucky and Pennsylvania, the father having been 
born February 7, 1792, and the mother July 24, 
1801. Mrs. Jane Lindsay was the daughter of 
James and Ann (Blair) Strahan, early settlers in 
this county. The father of our subject was a pa- 
triot in the War of 1812, and during that period 
took part in the battle of New Orleans. On com- 
ing to Illinois, he located on the outskirts of the 
Irish settlement in Randolph County. Soon after- 
ward he was married, and witli liis wife made his 
home on the farm upon which our subject is resid- 
ing, and which was then a wild and uncultivated 
tract. For many years the only living creatures 
near his home were wild animals and Indians; 
here the parents continued to reside, giving their 
entire attention to the improvement and thor- 
ough cultivation of their farm. The father died 
in April, 1854, while his good wife, who survived 
him many years, departed this life August 24, 1880. 

The parental family included five sons and four 
daughters, of whom six are living. Joseph, of this 
sketch, was born December 16, 1840, on the old 
homestead, and when old enough conned his les- 
sons in a school which was carried on by means 
of subscriptions. He remained at home until at- 
taining mature years and tlius received a thor- 
ough training in farm duties, so that when the 

estate came into his possession he was well fitted 

to supcessfully manage it. 

The lady who became the wife of our subject 
in 1874 was Miss Margaret, daughter of Thomas 
and Ann (Edgar) Dock, natives of Scotland. On 
emigrating to America in 1853, the parents came to 
Illinois, making their first home near Marissa, St. 
Clair County, and later made permanent settlement 
in township 4, range 5. Mrs. Lindsay was born in 
July, 1842, in Scotland, and has become the mother 
of three children, Fred, Frank and Alfred. 

Mr. Lindsay has always resided upon the old 
homestead and devotes his time to mixed farm- 
ing. His tract is in a perfect state of cultivation, 
and by proper rotation of crops is made to yield 
a good increase. He has given his children good 
educations, and his eldest son is attending the 
Sparta High School. He is a close observer and 
is thoroughly in sj-mpathy with movements of a 
political and religious nature. In regard to the 
latter point he is a member of the Presbyterian 
Church at Sparta. In politics he is identified with 
the Republican part}- and is well known through- 
out the community as an honest, upright and 
warm-hearted man. 

\f ACOB MELLY, who resides in Red Bud 
and is one of its representative business men, 
deserves honorable mention in this volume, 
and with pleasure we present the record of 
his life to our readers. He is now engaged in the 
manufacture of brick and is doing a good business. 
He claims Illinois as the state of his nativity, his 
birth having occurred in Belleville in 1858. His 
parents, Michael and Sophia (Rudolph) Melly, 
were both natives of Alsace-Lorraine, France, and 
in childhood came to America. Their marriage 
was celebrated in Centreville, 111. They afterward 
removed to Belleville, and about 1859 went to 
Evansville, 111., whence they came to Red Bud a 
year later. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Melly was born a family of 
six children, all of whom are yet living, namely: 
Mary, Sophia, Jacob, Joseph, Emil and Willie. 



The father here established a brick manufactory, 
and from his yards came nearly all llie brick which 
has been used in the building of this place. Evi- 
dences of his handiwork are therefore seen on 
everj' side and indicate his thrift and enterprise. 
He continued business along that line until his 
death, which occurred in 1882. In politics he was 
a stanch Democrat, was an active Christian gen- 
tleman and a man of sterling worth, who had the 
high regard of all with whom business or social 
relations have brought him in contact. 

Under the parental roof Jacob Melly was reared 
to manhood, spending his boyhood days amidst 
play and work in the usual manner of farmer lads. 
The public schools of the neighborhood afforded 
him his educational privileges. From early life 
he was more or less in his father's brick-yard and 
soon became familiar with the business in all its 
departments, so that upon his father's death, in 
1882, he immediatel3- took charge of the business, 
which he has carried on continuously since, enlarg- 
ing his facilities to meet the demand of his in- 
creasing trade. He now does an extensive busi- 
ness, orders coming from long distances, for the 
product of his yards is of the best quality and 
therefore finds a ready sale on the market. 

Mr. Melly, his sister and mother, live together 
in the old home, which has now been the abode of 
the famil}' for a number of years. They are all 
members of the Catholic Church and are people of 
prominence in the communitj', where they liave 
many friends. 

~ -S-^-i'^^^' S ■ ; • 

at'law at Evansville, is one of the ablest 
and most popular men in his profession. 
He was born near Cleveland, Ohio, April 12, 1856, 
and is a son of Peter Paul and Elizabeth (Mosser) 
Schuwerk. The father of our subject was a native 
of Wurtemberg, German j-, where his birtii occurred 
in 1814. In 1852, when a young man, prior to 
his marriage, he emigrated to the United States, 
and two 3-ears later was married in Cuyahoga 
Count}-, Ohio. 

In the fall of 1859, the parents of our subject 
made their advent into Randolph County and lo- 

cated on a farm near Evansville, where the father 
was living at the time of his decease ten j'^ears 
later. After his death, the mother of our subject 
removed to the citj', where her decease occurred 
in 1888. She reared a family of six children, of 
whom Rosa, Fred and Paul are deceased. Those 
living besides our subject are Mary and Anna. 

■William Schuwerk, of this sketch, accompanied 
bis parents on their removal to Illinois in 1859, 
and received his primary education in the scliools 
of Randolph County. Later he entered McKen- 
dree College, and was graduated from that insti- 
tution and its law department in 1882. The fol- 
lowing year he began to practice his profession, 
and to-day has a large clientage and is one of the 
leading lawj'ers in thejjouuty. 

June 7, 188.3, our subject and Miss Mary M. 
Hoffman were united in marri.age. Mrs. Schuwerk 
was born in Macon Countv, 111., in 1862, and was 
the daughter of Miciiael and Josephine Hoffman, 
wlio at present make their home near this city. To 
our subject and his wife have been born two chil- 
dren. Myrtle M. and William H. 

The popularity of Mr. Schuwerk is indicated by 
the fact that he was elected a member of the 
Thirty-sixth General Assembljof the Illinois Leg- 
islature in 1888, serving a term of two years. His 
record is that of a man interested in public im- 
provement, liberal in his views regarding appro- 
priation, but averse to extravagance or fraud. In 
his political views he always afiiliates with the 
Democratic party, and cast his first vot« for Sam- 
uel J. Tilden. 

Socially Mr. Schuwerk is a Mason, and joined 
Kaskaskia Lodge No. 86 in 1885. He is also an 
Odd Fellow, being a member of Egypt Star Lodge 
No. 285, of Red Bud, 111. He is a ciiarter member 
of Hercules Lodge No. 228, K. of P., at Chester, 
111., and is connected with Lodge No. 2658, K. of H. 
at Red Bud, and the Odd Fellows' encampment at 
Chester. He has been very influential in these 
different orders and represented the Masons in the 
Grand Lodge at Chicago during 1887-88-90-92. 

The Hon. Mr. Schuwerk was admitted to prac- 
tice in the United States Courts in June, 1890. He 
sees at a glance the difficult point in question and 
readily sees the means to be adopted to carry it. 



Stanch in principles, clear in perception and de- 
cided in character, he deserves the good things 
which have come to him and the high character 
for probit\- which he has gained through his busi- 
ness and social acquaintance. 

jlL^ENRY VOSS, one of the worthy German 
W)f) citizens of Monroe County, now follows 
l^^ farming on section 36, township 3, range 8 
(^) west, where he owns and operates one hun- 
dred and forty-seven acres of good land. With 
the exception of twenty acres, the entire amount 
is under a high state of cultivation and well im- 
proved. He raises grain principally, and the 
waving fields tell of bountiful harvests and indi- 
cate to the passer-by the thrift and enterprise of 
the owner. 

The father of our subject, Fred Voss, was born 
in the province of Hanover, Germany, on the 18th 
of May, 1821, and there married Miss Dora Tott. 
He was a carpenter by trade, and followed that 
business in his native laud. In 1856 he emigrated 
with his family to the New World, and took up 
his residence in Randolph County,'IIl., where he 
followed carpentering until 1868. He also owned 
and operated one hundred acres of land in that 
community. In the j-ear just mentioned he came 
to Monroe County, and located upon the farm 
which is now the home of our subject, there se- 
curing two hundred acres of land. It was an un- 
improved tract, but ere his death he had trans- 
formed it into one of the fine farms of the 
neighborhood. He passed away April 20, 1893, in 
the faith of the Lutlieran Church, of which he was 
a member. In his political views he was a Demo- 

The Voss family numbered eight children, five 
of whom are still living, as follows: Henr^-, whose 
name heads this record; Fred, a resident farmer of 
township 3; Fredericka, wife of AVilliam Nagel,of 
Randolph County; Anna, wife of Herman Nagel, 
also of l^ndolph County; and Sophia, wife of An- 
drew Wickelheim, of Montgomery Count}', Mo. 

Henry Voss was born in Germany April 26, 
1848, and was a youth of onl}- eight summers 

when he crossed the ocean to this country. His 
education was acquired in the public schools of 
Randolph County, and he was early inured to the 
labors of the farm. On the 21st of October, 1873, 
he was united in marriage with Miss Sophia Nagel, 
daughter of Ernest Nagel, one of the early settlers 
of Randolph County, and a native of Germany. 
Six children grace their union: Henry, Caroline, 
Herman, Charles, Ernst and August. 

After his marriage, Mr. Voss located upon the 
farm which has since been his home, and to the cul- 
tivation of which he has since devoted his energies. 
He is recognized as one of the leading agricult- 
urists of the community. In religious belief he is 
a Lutheran, and in political faith he i.s a Democrat. 
He has served as School Director of his township, 
and takes an active interest in evcrj-thing per- 
taining to the welfare and advancement of the 
com muni t3\ 

AMUEL W. McKELVEY. Among those 
to whom Randolph County owes a debt of 
gratitude for their share in the develop- 
ment of her great agricultural resources 
and the various affairs through which the interests 
of society are advanced, the name of Samuel Mc- 
Kelvey should not be passed unnoted. He was 
born in township 4, range 6, of this county, Jan- 
uary 26, 1829, and is still residing on the home 
farm located on section 36, where he is the propri- 
etor of four hundred broad acres. The early recol- 
lections of our subject are of a country much more 
primitive in appearance than that upon which his 
eyes now rest. The pioneer school which he at- 
tended during his bo3'hood was held in a log 
house with primitive furnishings. 

The father of our subject, Charles McKelvey, 
was born in the Chester District, S. C, in Novem- 
ber, 1789. He was the eldest son of Hugh Mc- 
Kelvej", a native of County Antrim, Ireland, who 
came to America and located in South Carolina 
about 1787. The grandfather of our subject came 
to Illinois the year it was admitted into the Union 
as a state, and located upon the farm now occupied 
by the widow of William McElheiney, situated on 




the Sparta road from Coulterville, In this county. 
He was one of the very early settlers in tliis local- 
ity and accumulated a large amount of land. He 
had three sons and three daughters, all of whom 
are now deceased, and he departed this life about 

Mrs. Mary (Hunter) McKelvey, the mother of 
our subject, was also a native of South Carolina, 
where her birth occurred July 22, 1797. She was 
the daughter of John Hunter, who lived and died 
in that state. The parents of our subject were 
married March 26, 1817, in South Carolina, and 
in the fall of 1823 came overland to Illinois, 
locating on the farm which our subject is now oc- 
cupying. The tract included a quarter-section of 
oak openings, and at the time of his decease, April 
26, 1856, Charles McKelvey had placed one hun- 
dred acres under good improvement. His wife 
died January 22, 1881, after having become the 
mother of ten children, only five of whom are liv- 
ing, Alexander R., James R., our subject, Sarah 
(Mrs. John C. Ritchie) and Amelia (Mrs. William 
Walker). The parents were active members of the 
Reformed Presbyterian Church and had many sin- 
cere friends throughout tiieir community. 

Samuel W. McKelvey has spent his entire life 
on the home farm. He supplemented the knowledge 
gained in the primitive schools of his locality by 
attendance at the Sparta Academy. After the de- 
cease of his father he took charge of the farm, 
which now embraces four hundred acres all in one 
body, and which is devoted to general farming. 
He is also one of the largest stock-raisers in the 
county, having included this branch of farming 
with his other large interests in 1880. He now has 
a herd of over eighty head of registered Jersey 
cattle on his estate and supplies one creamery in 
this locality with cream. He has paid great atten- 
tion to the breeding of his cattle, and it is safe to 
say he has one of the finest herds in the United 
States. He was one of the first to establish the 
Sparta Creamery, which is still in existence, and 
in many other waj's he has aided in the industrial 
development of this country. 

May 18, 1858, Samuel W. McKelvey and Miss 
Nancy T., daiigliter of Henry L. and Elizabeth 
(Campbell) McGuire, were united in marriage. 

The lady is a native of Washington County, 111., 
where her birth occurred April 12, 1833. Her 
father was a native of South Carolina, and her 
mother was born near Erie, Pa. By her union 
■with our subject have been born five children, viz.: 
Charles Sumner, Eliza, Ella, Henr^' Elmer and 
Samuel W. The eldest son married Miss Lizzie 
Gaud, and makes his home in Santa Anna, Cal., 
where he is practicing law. He is a graduate of 
Knox College, Galesburg, 111., while the remaining 
children completed their studies in the Monmouth 
College. The family are members of tiie United 
Presbj'terian Church at Sparta, and our subject is 
one of its most active members, having been Trus- 
tee, a member of the session and a delegate from his 
church to the synod held at Hanover, III. He has 
always been a great worker in the Sunday-school, 
and held the Superintcndency for thirteen jears. 
Mr. McKelvey never fails to cast his vote in 
favor of Republican candidates, and although 
frequently solicited to do so, always refuses to 
a(!cept office of any kind. In 1870 he erected a 
fine brick residence on his place which cost $5,500, 
and wiiich is finished and furnished in modern 
style. The estimable character and useful life of 
our subject have secured for him the respect of 
his acquaintances and the deep regard of those 
who know him best. 

g<.;,, >is_^ -^ 

3<~T^^B— — ■ — -m 

\1l.^ ERMANN F. WIEBUSCII is engaged in the 
l/jj; hotel and retail liquor business at Chester, 
i^^ being proprietor of the Wiebusch Hotel. He 
(^) is a native of this cit}', where his birth oc- 
curred November 11, 1857. He is the fourth child 
born to Claus and Mary (Kipp) Wiebusch, the 
former of whom is a native of Germany, and came 
to America when a young man of eighteen years. 
A brick mason by trade, he followed that occupa- 
tion during his active years in Chester. He has 
now attained his seventy-second year, while his 
good wife has lived to see her seventieth birthday. 
In his boyhood the subject of this sketch was a 
student in the Lutheran school at Chester, where 
he acquired a pr.actical education. He became self- 
supporting at an early age, and for a time worked 



out on farms, and was also engaged as a teamster. 
When twent^'-two years of age he began in busi- 
ness for iiiinself by establishing a retail liquor 
store in Chester, of which he is still the proprietor, 
and at the same time is '"mine host" of the "Wie- 
busch Hotel. In 1881 he married Miss Wilhel- 
nnna, daughter of William and Sophia (Crumve- 
der) Sternberg, natives of Germany, who settled 
upon a farm near Blair, Randolph County. The 
union of Mr. and Mrs. Wiebusch was blessed by 
tlie birth of two children, one of whom died in 
infancy. George, who is still living, makes his 
horae with his parents. 

Mrs. Wiebusch is a consistent member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. Our subject is a 
stanch Democrat in politics, and while his private 
affairs naturally receive the major part of his 
time and attention, yet he is interested in the wel- 
fare of the public, and is prominent in local mat- 
ters. He has served as Alderman of the Third 
Ward for four years, and has been Director of the 
Fair Association for six years. Socially, he is a 
member of the American Legion of Honor, and 
has been Treasurer of that order for six j-eais, and 
at the present time holds the office of Commander. 
In 1884 and 1886 he was Chairman of the Chester 
Democratic Club, and indeed his name has been 
inseparably associated with the political affairs of 
this county for a number of years. 

jr.., LEXANDER WILSON was for man}' j-ears 
SLj! a leading and influential citizen of Ran- 

111 li dolph County. Here he was born and 
^ . reared, and iiere he spent his entire life. 
He comes of a family of Irish lineage, his grand- 
father, Alexander Wilson, haA'ingbeen a native of 
the Emerald Isle. He was also the founder of the 
family in America. After his emigration to this 
country, he took up his residence in Randolph 
County, where he spent his remaining days. 

Foster Wilson, the father of our subject, was 
born in this county, and b}- occupation was a 
farmer. Throughout life he followed that pursuit, 
and in his undertakings met with g«od success. 
His death occurred about the 3'ear 1880. He mar- 

ried Rachel Stephenson, also a native of Illinois, 

as were her parents. She was called to her final rest 
in the year 1849. To Mr. and Jlrs. Wilson were 
born three children: Alexander, whose name heads 
this record; Margaret T., who became the wife of 
James Anderson, and died leaving four children, 
Nancy, Alex (deceased), William and Loiene, of 
Sparta; and John, the youngest, who died at the 
age of seventeen. 

Alexander Wilson was born in 1843, and re- 
mained with his parents on the farm until after 
his mother's death. At the age of eight years he 
went to live with his uncle, Isaac Nelson, with 
whom he continued until 1864, when, having at- 
tained his majority, he started out in life for him- 
self. He followed various emploj'ments, but the 
greater part of his time and attention were de- 
voted to farming. Wiicn the war broke out he re- 
sponded to the country's call for troops, and did 
valiant service as one of the boj-s in blue of Com- 
pan3' C, One Hundred and Fift3'-fourth Illinois 

On the 24th of October, 1867, Mr. Wilson and 
Miss Elizabeth Lawson were united in marriage, 
and bj' their union were born nine children: 
Louisa, wife of Charles Thompson; Jessie and 
Ella, who are in St. Louis; Maggie, at home; John 
Alex, who died at the age of nine years; Mattie, 
at home; and three who died in infancj'. The fa- 
ther of this famil\' continued his agricultural pur- 
suits for a number of 3'ears, and by good manage- 
ment, industry and enterprise acquired a comfort- 
able competence. He never took a very prominent 
part in public affairs, but was alwa\'S found on the 
side of those enterprises calculated to promote the 
general welfare. In politics, he was a stanch sup- 
porter of the Republican part}', and socially was 
connected with the Grand Arm}' of the Republic. 
He was alike true to his country in times of peace 
and in war, and no trust reposed in him was ever 
betrayed. His death occurred February 26, 1884, 
and was deeply mourned b}- many friends, who 
held him in high regard. 

After the death of her husband, Mrs. Wilson 
married James B. Anderson, who was born in Ran- 
dolph County in 1826, on a farm southeast of 
Sparta. There he spent his entire life with the ex- 



ception of a short time passed in Pittsburgh, where 
he worked in a cotton factory. By occupation he 
Was a farmer. He started out in life for himself 
empty-lianded, and not only provided for his own 
wants, but also supported his motiier, giving her a 
home until her death. He first married Matilda 
Nimoek, and unto them were born two sons, one 
who died in early childhood, and .James, who died 
at the age of twenty-one. By the second marriage 
there was a daughter, Mary, who died when only 
three weeks old. 

In his political views, Mr. Anderson was a Re- 
publican, and took quite an active part in local 
politics. For several j-ears he served as School 
Trustee, and was an efficient ofHcer. He held mem- 
bership with the Presbj'terian Church, and served 
as Elder for some time. He took quite an active 
part in church and benevolent work, and was al- 
wa3-s found on the side of riglit. He was called 
to his final rest July 12, 1893. 


^ j^ILLIAM EDMISTON. The result of en- 
ergy and perseverance is nowhere better 
illustrated than in the career of Mr. Ed- 
miston, who began life with only the ability with 
which Nature had endowed him. He is at the 
present time one of the well known and highly 
respected citizens of Tilden, Randolph County. 
He is the son of William Edmiston, who was born 
in Virginia in 1795. The paternal grandparents 
of our subject removed from the above state to 
Lincoln County, Tenn., about 1810, where Will- 
iam, Sr., entered the War of 1812, taking part in 
the battle of New Orleans. The family is of 
Scotch origin. 

Mrs. Sarah (Askins) Edmiston, the mother of 
our subject, was a native of Tennessee. She was 
the daughter of George and Sarah (Muelharan) As- 
kins. the former of whom was born October 23, 
1755, and the latter January 27 of the same 3-ear. 
They had a familj- of four children, and the 
mother of our subject was born April 5, 1799. In 
1815 she married William Edmiston, a son of 
Susan (Hanah) Edmiston, and they resided in 
Tennessee until 1832, when thej^ emigrated to Illi- 

nois, arriving in Randolph County April 19. They 
immediately- located on section 5, township 4, 
range 5, and there the father erected a log cabin, 
which rude structure was his home for many years. 
The wife and motiier departed this life July 19, 
1833. the year after coming hither, and her hus- 
band continued to reside upon the home farm un- 
til reaching advanced years. He afterward made 
his home with our subject until his death, which 
occurred in 1885, at the age of ninety-one years. 

In the parental family of eight children, the 
subject of this sketch is the only survivor. His 
mother was a member of the Reformed Presbyte- 
rian Church, and although his father never united 
with an}' congregation, was alwa3's a strict observer 
of the Sabbath. In early life a Whig, he later 
joined the Republican part}', and during the late 
war was a strong Union man. He was very prom- 
inent and influential in this county, and aided in 
the organization of the various townships. 

Our subject was born March 21, 1823, in Lincoln 
County, Tenn., and was a lad of nine years when 
he came to this county, and he grew to manhood on 
the pioneer farm. He has spent sixt3'-two 3-ears 
of his life in Randolph County, and has thus been 
an e3'e-witness of the wonderful changes through 
which it has passed, and has aided very materiall3' 
in bringing it to its present high standing among 
its sister counties in the state. 

Miss Nancy, daughter of Thomas and Jane 
(Stralian) Lindsa}', became the wife of our suliject 
Februar}' 28, 1844. The parents of Mrs. Edmiston 
were natives respectively of Penns3'lvania and 
Kentucky, and were married after coining to this 
county, in Red Bud, in 1821. They located on 
Flat Prairie in 1827, where they passed the re- 
maining 3-ears of their lives, the father d3ing in 
1855, and the mother in August, 1880. The3^ 
were the parents of eight children, of whom those 
living are, Eliza Ann, Mrs. Edmiston, Margaret 
Jane, Samuel, Thomas B. and Joseph. Her parents 
were members of the Associate Reformed Church, 
in which Mr. Lindsay was an Elder. He was a prom- 
inent man in his localit3', and during the War of 
1812 was a patriot in its ranks. 

Mrs. Edmiston was born May 2, 1827, in Red 
Bud, this county, and after her union with our 



subject located on section 9, township 4, range 5, 
whicli was then an undeveloped tract. They be- 
gan life in a little log cabin, which was pro- 
vided witli a chimney built of clay and sticljs, 
and during the first night spent in this rude 
structure the snow covered the floor to a depth 
of six inches. They continued to make their 
home in that cabin until the year 1864, wiien 
Mr. Edmiston erected a fine brick residence, which 
contained nine rooms and a basement, and wiiich 
cost liim, exclusive of his own labor, $8,000. It 
bears all the modern improvements, is furnished in 
a tasteful manner, and is one of the best residences 
in the precinct. In 1862 he built a fine barn on 
his estate, which was valued at $1,000. 

In 1871 our subject gave each of his five chil- 
dren land and other gifts amounting to about 
$7,000, and removed with his wife into the village 
of Tilden, where for some time he was successfully 
engaged in the grain business. Of their family, 
James Henry married Maggie Bicket and lives on 
the old homestead; William Thomas, who married 
Martha Goren, makes his home on section 16, 
of this township; John Harmon married Josephine 
McGuire, and is also a resident of the above town- 
ship, where Jane Ann and Charles Fremont are 
living. The former is the wife of Alexander Bicket 
and resides on section 17, and the latter married 
Martha E. Stephenson, and makes his home on 
section 9. 

Mr. and Mrs. Edmiston have been .active mem- 
bers of the United Presbyterian Church for a quar- 
ter of a century. Our subject has been interested 
in Sunday-school work, and has taught a class for 
ten years. He is a strong Republican in politics, 
and has represented his party frequently as dele- 
gate to the various conventions. 

^^EORGE II. CAMPBELL, a well known citi- 


I ^^ zen of Sparta, who since 1881 has been one 

Of of tl 

tiie editors and proprietors of the Sparta 
Plain Dealer, is a representative of an old family 
of this community. His grandfather, Abel Camp- 
bell, was born in Mansfield, Conn., and his wife in 
Norwich, Conn. He was of Scotch-Irish lineage, 

and was descended from one who served as a 
soldier under Charles the Pretender, and after the 
battle of Culloden, fled to Ireland, where he mar- 
ried, and then emigrated to America. 

Lewis H. Campbell, father of our subject, was 
the sixth in a family of eight children, and was 
born in Middlebury, Vt., in 1818. At the age of 
twent3'-five he went to Troy, N. Y., where he 
worked in the car factory of Eaton, Gilbert & Co. 
In 1846, he emigrated to St. Louis, where he en- 
gaged in painting, and in 1858 came to Sparta, 
but in 1879 again returned to St. Louis, where he 
now makes his home. In politics he is a Republi- 
can, and he has served as Justice of the Peace in 
this count}'. He is a faithful member .and active 
worker in the Baptist Church. 

In Albany, N. Y., Mr. Campbell wedded Mary 
Scott, a native of that city, and a daughter of 
Marshall Scott. Her grandfather was LTriah Scott, 
of Sharon, Conn., and there her father was born. 
When a 3'oung man, he went to Albany, and there 
married Maria, daughter of Leonard Lewis. She 
died of cholera in 1832, leaving Mrs. Campbell, 
then a babe of two years. The parents of our sub- 
ject had a famil}' of five children. Lewis P., the 
eldest, now of St. Louis, wedded Mary Gorsuch, of 
Sparta, daughter of Dr. Gorsuch, a druggist and 
physician of this place. Thej"^ have one cliild, 
Frank. Charles M., who is business manager for 
the Word & Works Publishing Company of St. 
Louis, married Clara Morrow, and they have two 

Our subject started out in life for himself at the 
age of fifteen, beginning work as a printer in Mon- 
mouth, III. Since that lime he has been identified 
with newspaper work. In 1881, lie became con- 
nected with the Sparta Plain Dealer, in company 
with Don E. Detrich, and is now a member of the 
firm of Campbell & Smith, editors and proprietors 
of that paper. Tliis is a well conducted sheet and 
receives from the public a liberal patronage. 

Mrs. Campbell bore the maiden name of Marian 
Crawford. She was born in this county, and is a 
daughter of Bryce Crawford, who now resides in 
Sparta. Mr. and Mrs. Caaipbell have one child, 
Grace. They are members of the Presbyterian 
Church. In politics, he is a Republican, and has 



served as a member of the City Council. Socially 
he is a Master Mason, and belongs to Hope Lodge 
No. 162, A. F. & A. M. 

'•i-***'^^ •i"5"J"i-F 

llJOHN MURPHY. In every state in the 
I Union, Irish-American citizens are to be 
^^ 1 found, making their way steadily onward 
^^f/ in the accumulation of property, and se- 
curing their means by honest industry and untir- 
ing zeal. In Randolph County a good position 
among the farmers and land-owners is held by Mr. 
Murphy, who is a native of Ireland, born in Coun- 
ty Antrim in April, 1823. He grew to manhood in 
the Old Country, and there received a good edu- 

In the spring of 1849, when determining to 
try his fortunes in the New World, our subject 
boarded a sailing-vessel, and after a tedious voy- 
age landed on American shores. Spending six 
months in New York City, young Murphj^ came 
further west and purchased a farm located a short 
distance from his present estate. This he later 
sold for $17,000, and invested that money in sec- 
tion 3, township 4, range 5, which he immediately 
set about clearing and improving, and where he 
still makes his home. 

The lady whom our subject married in 1853 was 
also a native of County Antrim, Ireland, and bore 
the maiden name of Mary Smith. They have seven 
children now living, who bear the respective names 
of .John, Annie, Mar}', .Jane, Thomas, Roliert and 
Gracie. They have all been given good educa- 
tions, and Annie is married and resides in Ne- 
braska. John makes his home at Oakdale, Wash- 
ington Count3% 111., and Robert is at Monmouth 

In 1864 Mr. Murphy enlisted his services in the 
Union army, joining Company F, Twenty-eighth 
Illinois Infantry. After joining his regiment at 
Memphis, Tenn., he participated in the battles of 
Mobile and Whistler. He was in the service for 
twelve months, and during that period was neither 
wounded nor taken prisoner. 

Receiving his honorable discharge October 19, 
1865, at Brownsville, Tex., Mr. Murphy returned 

home, and has ever since given his time and 
attention to farm pursuits. In addition to rais- 
ing the various cereals he makes a specialty of 
breeding fine draft horses, and has a number of 
splendid animals on his place. With his wife he 
IS a member of the United Presbyterian Church at 
Tilden. As might be expected, he is a (irand 
Army man, holding membership with Post No. 209, 
at Coulter ville. He is a worthy representative of 
the Republican party, lias taken an active part in 
local affairs, and has been called upon by his fel- 
low-citizens to serve as a member of the School 
Board, which office he has filled with entire satis- 

\Yl OHN G. IIOY^, who carries on general farm- 
ing near Red Bud, Randolph County, 
where he owns and operates forty acres of 
<^^ good land, was born on Ralls Ridge in 
1848. His father, Bartholomew Hoy, was a native 
of Ireland. He came to this country, and having 
arrived ai. years of maturity married Julia Whalen, 
a native of Maryland. They became the i)arents 
of eight children, namely: Thomas, a resident of 
Red Bud; James M., of New Mexico; Mary; Bridget, 
deceased; Patrick, of California; Agnes, wife of 
William Jakle, of St. Louis; John G., and Isa- 
bella, wife of James Roscow, of Red Bud. 

The father of this family' emigrated to Randolph 
County in 1832, locating in Prairie du Rocher, 
where he engaged in merchandising for two years. 
He then sold out and came to this locality, where 
he purchased a half-section of land which he 
fenced and improved, transforming it into richly 
cultivated fields. He was a consistent member of 
the Catholic Church, and in politics was a Repub- 
lican. In his business he was sagacious and far- 
sighted and won success. His death occurred about 

Mr. Hoy whose name heads this sketch was 
reared to manhood on Ralls Ridge, and the greater 
part of his life has there been passed. In his 
youth he became familiar with the duties of farm 
life, and to agricultural pursuits he yet devotes 
his energies. His fields are well tilled, and the 



neat and thrifty appearance of the place indicates 
the careful supervision of the owner. He man- 
ages the Rail farm of three luindred and forty 
acres, and also engages in raising sheep, cattle and 
horses, making a specialty of llolstein cattle. 

In 1880 was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Hoy 
and Miss Mary A., daughter of T. Leo Mudd, 
whose people were the very earliest settlers of the 
countj'. Six children have been born of their 
union, namely: Julia M., Agnes A., T. James, 
Clara, Patrick A. and John B. Mr. Hoy and his 
family are members of the Catholic Church and 
contribute liberallj' to its support. In politics he 
is a stanch Democrat and warmly advocates the 
principles of his party. For four years he has 
served .is Justice of the Peace, proving a capable 
and efficient officer. His life has been a bus}' and 
useful one, devoted almost entirely to farm labor. 

, OLON R. BOYNTON, M. D., who is en- 
gaged in the practice of medicine in 
vSparta, comes of one of the oldest Amer- 
ican families. They came originally from 
Yorkshire, England, emigrating to America about 
the year 1620. Our subject's great-grandparents 
were Richard and Charlotte Boynton, and the 
former reached the advanced age of ninety 3'ears. 
The grandparents were Richard and Elizabeth 
(Davis) Boynton, natives of New Hampshire. The 
former was a member of the Masonic fraternity 
until the death of Morgan. He served two ye.ars 
in the Revolutionary War. His father was a 
merchant of Salem, JIass., and died when on board 
bis own vessel on the Atlantic. 

John Bo3'nton, the Doctor's father, born 
in Boston, Mass., in 1816, and there remained un- 
til he had attained his majority. In 1838 he mar- 
ried Harriet Whitney, who was born in Boston in 
1817, and was a daughter of Stephen and Ruth 
(Whitmore) Whitney. Her grandparents, William 
and Rebecca (Cody) Whitney, were natives of 
Roxbur}', Mass., and the former served in the 
Revolutionary War, in which he was wounded. 
He afterward received a pension in recognition 
of his services. Upon their marriage, Mr. Boj'n ton 

and his wife removed to Quincy, 111. When a 
youth he had served a seven years' apprenticeship 
to the carpenter's trade, which he followed through- 
out life. In 1841 he went to St. Louis, where he 
was employed as a contractor. His last days were 
spent in Ridge Prairie, St. Clair County, 111., 
where he died in 1888. He held membership with 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, for many years 
was one of its local ministers, and by his labors 
did much good in the world. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Bo3''nton were born eleven 
children. Willis and the child next in order of 
birth are both deceased. John R., an eminent 
surgeon, who is connected with a medical school 
of Chicago, married Framelia Curtis and has two 
children, Hattie and Nonine. Georgia is the wife 
of William Bodiker, a coal dealer of Murpbys- 
boro, by whom she has a daughter, Susa. js[^ilia 
is now deceased. The Doctor is the next younger. 
Otis, deceased, was a contractor. Susie is the 
widow of John Aylmer, of Murphysboro, and the 
mother of one child, Hattie. Joseph, who is a 
master mechanic living near Duquoin, married 
Maggie Reed, and they have three children: Lillie, 
Joseph and John R. Two children of the Boyn- 
ton family died in infancy. 

Dr. Boynton was born in 1852 in St. Louis 
County, Mo., in the old Seven Mile House on the 
St. Charles Rock Road. He there lived until five 
years of age, when his father removed to Ridge 
Prairie. In his boyhood he was emploj'ed in farm 
labor and in aiding his father as a carpenter. He 
then studied engineering, and in his leisure hours 
read medicine. He took his first course of lectures 
in 1880, in the St. Louis Homeopathic Medical 
College, from which he was graduated in 1882. 
In the spring of the following j-ear he located in 
Sparta, and has had a constantly growing practice. 
He has won considerable note .as a surgeon and is 
now local surgeon for the Mobile & Ohio Railroad, 

In 1872 the Doctor wedded Miss Zoe Whilaker, 
a native of England, who crossed the Atlantic with 
her brother on the Great Eastern in 1860, and lo- 
cated in St. Clair Count}'. They now have one 
son, Charles 0. The parents are both members of 
the Presbyterian Church, and are people of promi- 
nence in this community, holding an enviable po- 



sition in social circles. Dr. Boy n ton is a self-made 
man. He has been very successful in his under- 
takings, and in his profession is rapidly growing 
in popularit}'. In his political views he is a Re- 
publican. He holds membership with the Masonic 
fraternity and also with the Railroad Surgical As- 

• ^# P ' . 

eHRISTIAN F. GUEBERT was a native of 
Germany, and a son of Christian and So. 
phia Guebert, who were also born in the 
same countr}'. Emigrating to America, their last 
days were spent in Red Bud, 111. Their family 
numbered three sons and a daughter, as follows: 
Christian, William, Heniy and Sophia. The fam- 
ily are all members of the Lutheran Church, and 
take a very active part in church and benevolent 
work. The Gueberts are all representative people 
and are numbered among the leading families in 
the community in which they have so long re- 

In the common schools Christian Guebert ac- 
quired a good education, and under the parental 
roof he was reared to manhood. At length he de- 
termined to seek a home in America, and crossed 
the Atlantic in 1854. He here married Miss E. 
Kraemer, and unto them were born thirteen chil- 
dren, twelve of whom reached adult age. 

Mr. Guebert was an industrious and enterpris- 
ing man, and through his untiring labors and per- 
severance he accumulated nearly an entire section 
of land in the neighborhood of Red Bud. There 
he made his home until his death, successfullj- 
carrying on agricultural pursuits and placing his 
land under a very higli state of cultivation, thus 
making it one of the valuable and desirable farms 
of the neigliborhood. He also took a commend- 
able interest in public affairs, was a warm friend 
of the common schools and gave all of his chil- 
dren good educational privileges. In politics he 
.was a stalwart supporter of the Democr.acy, and 
in religious belief was a Lutheran. His family 
all belonged to the same church. Mr. Guebert was 
called to his final rest in 1892, having survived 
his wife about ten years. Tiiey were both active 

workers in the church, and those who knew them 
held them in high regard for their many excel- 
lencies of character, and their sterling worth. 
Their loss to the community was widely felt, and 
it is with pleasure that we present to our readers 
a record of the lives of people who were so well 
and favorabl3' known. 

Henry W. Guebert, their eldest son, was born 
in 1856, on the old homestead, which has always 
been his place of abode, and is dear to him from 
the associations of his childhood, as well as those 
of his niaturer years. He now owns and operates 
one hundred and fifty acres, which he has placed 
under a high state of cultivation. The well tilled 
fields and man3' improvements on the place, to- 
gether with its neat appearance, indicate the thrift 
and enterprise which is so characteristic of the 

In 1885 Henry Guebert was united in marriage 
with Miss Berta, daughtei of Chris Rosenberg, 
of Monroe Count}'. Their union has been blessed 
with four children: Rosa, Freda, Louis and Ed- 
win. Mr. Guebert has long resided in this lo- 
cality and is familiar with its history from an 
early day. He has taken a deep interest in the 
upbuilding of the community, and has ever borne 
his part in the work of public advancement. 

SAAC MORRIS, who carries on agricultural 
pursuits in township 5, range 6, Randolph 
County, has spent his entire life upon the farm 
which is still his home, and which was liis birth- 
place. He was born April 5, 1822, and comes 
of an English family, his grandparents, Samuel 
and Lucy (Stephens) Morris, having both been 
natives of P^ngiand. Emigrating to America, the 
grandfather followed farming in South Carolina, 
where he became quite well-to-do. 

William Morris, father of our subject, was born 
in Yorkshire, England, June 7, 1797, and there 
lived until 1789, when he crossed the Atlantic and 
spent the remainder of his boyhood in the Abbey- 
ville District of South Carolina. He there mar- 
ried, but his wife died not long afterward. He 
removed to Preble County, Ohio, and thence 



came to Illinois in 1816, locating upon the old 
Monis homestead. He entered from the Govern- 
ment a farm of one hundred and sixt}' acres, built 
a log cabin and began life in true pioneer style. 
As tiie years passed, however, he became well-to-do, 
and had five hundred acres of land, which he 
willed to his sons. In the War of 1812, Mr. Mor- 
ris served under General Harrison. In politics he 
was a Republican, and was a member of the Ma- 
sonic fraternity. He also belonged to the United 
Presbyterian Church. He was a very temperate 
man, never using tobacco or intoxicants, and he 
left to his family the iniceless heritage of an un- 
tarnished name. His death occurred in 1873. The 
mother of our subject bore the maiden name of 
Elizabeth Newton, and was a native of Ireland. 
The marriage was celebrated in 1810, and she died 
in Randolph County in 1831. Ten children were 
born of tlieir union: James, who died of cholera 
in 1832; Newton, Ephraim and William, all de- 
ceased; Lucy, widow of Joseph McNuUy; Eliza- 
beth, deceased; Pauline, Sarah and Alice. 

In the usual manner of farmer lads, Isaac Mor- 
ris spent the days of his boyhood and youth, and 
the occupation to which he was reared he has 
made his life work. In 1843 he was united in 
marriage with Priscilla Colbert, a native of Ran- 
dolph County, who died in February, 1848, leav- 
ing two children, one who died in early childhood, 
and Elizabetli, who died at the age of thirty years. 
In 1851 IMr. Morris was again married, his second 
union being with Mrs. Mary Campbell, who was 
born in this county. They had i-eveu children: 
Marj' Jane, who died at the age of two years; Al- 
bert, now of Sparta; James, who died at the age 
of four months; Priscilla Ellen, wife of William 
A. Ennis, b}' whom she lias four children, Mary E., 
Ora Ethel, Lydia Elizabeth and Hilda Ellen; Lydia 
Annetta, at home; Sidney Thomas, who died at 
the age of seventeen; and William Henry, who mar- 
ried Nellie Allen, by whom he has one child. He is 
now in a wholesale commission house in Omaha, 

On attaining his majority, Mr. Morris started 
out in life for himself. He has alwa3's followed 
agricultural pursuits, and is regarded as one of 
the practical and progressive agriculturists of the 

community. He is a man of good business ability, 
and his success is due entirely to his own efforts. 
He votes witli the Republican party. Both he and 
his wife iiold membership with the United Presby- 
terian Church, and are people of sterling worth, 
who hold an enviable position in social circles. 

<y; .}..i..i.^..^^..i..i.»»»» ^ »»»'i"5"i-»»»»-8H' ;X> 

llj'^ ^ A. DINGES, M. D., who is engaged in the 

jjf )j^ practice of medicine and also carries on a 
'Xy^ drug store in Red Bud, has the honor of 
(^ being a native of Illinois, his birth having 
occurred in Waterloo. His parents, George and 
Eva (Eckel) Dinges, were both natives of Ger- 
many, born near Frankfort-on-the-Main, where 
they grew to mature years and were married. 
About 1854 they bade adieu to their native land 
and crossed the Atlantic to America. Their fam- 
ily numbered six children, four of whom are still 
living. The father jvas a blacksmith by trade 
and one of his sons followed the same pursuit. 
One son, George, left home in 1861 to enlist among 
the boys in blue of the Union armj-, and for a 
time served under General Sigel. He continued 
with his company until after the siege and cap- 
ture of Vicksburg, and then died in Mississippi of 
yellow fever. Another brother, Adam, was killed 
b}' a mule, and at his death left a family of seven 
children. Two of the sisters reside in St. Louis, 
and one in Monroe County, 111. 

The subject of this sketch spent his boyhood in 
the place of his nativity, and during his j'outh 
began clerking in a drug store, thus earning his 
own livelihood. At the age of seventeen he left 
home and went to Cape Girardeau, Mo., where he 
spent one year, on the expiration of which period 
he located in St. Louis, where he continued in the 
drug business for five years. He then again changed 
his location, coming to Red Bud in October, 1878. 
In the autumn of 1883 he entered the Missouri 
Medical College, of St. Louis, from which institu- 
tion he was graduated after pursuing a three years' 
course, in 1886. He at once returned to Red Bud, 
and again took charge of the drug store which he 
had established in 1878. He also opened an of- 

John Steele 

Mrs.Jane Steele 



fice, and has since been successfully engaged in 
the practice of medicine. 

In the spring of 1879 Dr. Dinges was united in 
marriage with Miss Elizabeth, daughter of Henry 
and Margaret (Lohbeck) Schrage, who remained 
in Red Bud with her little ones while the Doctor 
attended college. They have three children, viz.: 
Eugene George, Ellanro Margaret and Henry Al- 
phons. The famil>^ is one of jjrominence in the 
community, its members ranking high in social 

Since 1891 Dr. Dinges has been an honored 
member of the Southern Illinois Medical Associa- 
tion. In politics he is a Democrat, and is now 
serving his second term as County Coroner. He 
and his family hold membership with the Catho- 
lic Church, and he is a member of the Catholic 
Knights of America, which society' he is now serving 
as State Vice-President. His skill and abilit3' in 
his profession have won him an enviable reputa- 
tion, and he is now doing a good business, both as 
a medical practitioner and as a druggist. 

\l I OHN STEELE, who was for many jears a 
successful and prominent general agricult- 
urist of Washington County, and a public- 
spirited citizen, widel}' and liighly esteemed, 
entered into rest September 11, 1882, mourned by 
a host of old-time friends, in whose hearts his 
memory will long be green. In 1865 he removed 
to Sparta, where he led a retired life until his de- 

James Steele, the father of our subject, was born 
in Franklin County, Pa., where he was reared to 
mature years. In 1835 he decided to better his 
financial condition by coming to Illinois, and lo- 
cated on Elk Horn Prairie, where he was residing at 
the time of his decease, in 1860. He was very pros- 
perous in his calling of an agriculturist, and there 
was scarcely a man in his vicinity who possessed a 
better knowledge of the Scriptures than did .James 
Steele. He was an Elder of the Covenanter Church 
and was one of the organizers of the congregation 
at Elk Horn. In politics he was a stanch Repub- 

lican, and was one who had the confidence of all, 
his word being considered as good as his bond. 

Mrs. Isabel (McClintock) Steele, the mother of 
our subject, was likewise a native of the Keystone 
State, and was married to James Steele in 1802. 
The eight children of whom they became the par- 
ents were, John, James (deceased), Alexander, 
Ezekiel, Cj'rus, Robert, Emily and Isabel. Mrs. 
Steele departed this life in 1833. 

Our subject was born March 4, 1804, in Frank- 
lin Count}', Pa., and there resided with his parents 
until 1835, when they removed farther west. Two 
years later he joined them, locating in Elk Horn, 
where he purchased three hundred and eighty 
acres of land, which he improved and resided 
upon until 1865. He was very methodical in his 
work, and was self-made in the truest sense of the 
word, all of his property being the result of much 
hard labor on his part. His life was an eminently 
useful one and he was one of the foremost of the 
venerable citizens of his township. Few residents 
of the countj' were more widely known and none 
more favorably than he. 

In 1837, in Fayette County, Pa., .John Steele 
married Miss Jane Sitherwood, a native of the 
al)Ove count}'. She was the daughter of Edward and 
IMary (Walker) Sitherwood, natives respectively 
of England and New Jersey, and both are now 
deceased. In his political relations our subject was 
a member of the Republican party. He never held 
nor aspired to public ofHce, preferring to devote 
his attention exclusively to his private affairs. 
He was a member of the Covenanter Church and 
was Elder in the Elk Horn congregation. 

■jllOSEPH KLINKHARDT is the enterprising 
I proprietor of the Hecker Creameiy, located 
in Hecker, 111. He is one of the native sons 
_ of Monroe County, his birth having oc- 
curred here, December 11, 1856. His father, Theo- 
dore F. Klinkhardt, was born in Germany December 
11, 1816, there grew to manhood, and in his native 
land married Caroline Kasten, also a German by 
birth. In 1840 he crossed the Atlantic to Amer- 
ica, and iJi 1842 brought his family to the New 



World. Coming west, he purchased property 

south of Freedom, .and when joined by his family, 
located upon his, which was a tract of wild 
prairie. He at once began its cultivation and im- 
provement and lived in true pioneer st3ie during 
the early years. He was enterprising and indus- 
trious and success crowned his efforts. From time 
to time he made other purchases, and at his death 
owned six hundred and sevent3^-five acres of 
farm land, besides other real estate and personal 
property. In politics he was a supporter of the 
Republican party, and served as Postmaster of 
Ilecker for about twelve years. He was also Jus- 
tice of the Peace for a period of twenty-two 
years, and was also Notary Public. He served as 
Trustee of the Catholic Church for many years. 
He was prominent in public affairs and was widely 
known as a valued and highly respected citizen. 
His death occurred December 30, 1880, aud his 
wife passed away on the 21st of June, 1884. They 
were the parents of six children, of whom one 
died in infancy. Five grew to mature }-ears and 
four are 3-et living, namely: Mar}-, wife of John 
Mann, a farmer of Perr^' County; Ellen, wife of 
Ernst Waldraaun, of Washington County, 111.; 
Tlieodore, a farmer living two and a-half miles 
south of Freedom; and Joseph. Augusta grew to 
womanhood and became the wife of Charles Frick, 
but is now deceased. 

Mr. Klinkhardt was reared on the old home- 
stead until fifteen years of age, when he went with 
his parents to Freedom. He was educated in the 
public sciiools and spent one term in St. Patrick's 
College. He then assisted his fatlier in the store 
and also carried on farming until his marriage. 
On the 21st of September, 1875, he married Miss 
Anna Thum, daughter of Jacob Thum,a native of 
Switzerland. The lady was born in Belleville, 
111., and was reared in Monroe Count}'. They 
have four children, Eliza, Theodore, Emma and 

After his marriage, Mr. Klinkhai-dt operated his 
father's farm until after the latter's death, when 
he bought out the entire place. For ten 3'ears he 
continued its cultivation and was a successful 
farmer. On tiie 1st of August, 1890, he estab- 
lished the Hecker Creamery, which he has since 

carried on in connection with the cultivation of 
his land. He owns two hundred and twent3'-five 
acres of land, one hundred and twenty acres of 
wliich are in St. Clair County, and the remainder in 
Monroe County. It is all under a high state of cul- 
tivation and is well improved. He keeps on hand 
a large number of cows for dair3' purposes, and the 
product of his creamery is so fine that he always 
receives the highest market prices in Belleville 
and St. Louis, to which places he ships his butter. 
His business career has been a prosperous one. In 
politics he is a stalwart Republican, and has served 
as District Clerk aud School Trustee. He and his 
wife hold membership with the Catholic Church, 
aud he is one of the Trustees of tliat organization. 


^{ ACOB B. BEATTIE. A foremost position 
among the agriculturists of Randolph Coun- 
t3' must be accorded to the subject of this 
sketch, who owns and occupies a fine farm 
of two hundred aud forty acres on section 33, 
township 4, range 5. He is the son of James H. 
Beattie, who was born near Newburgh, N. Y., in 
1788, and is tlie grandson of Francis and Jane 
(Hall) Beattie, also natives of the Empire State. 
The great-grandfather of our subject, Thomas 
Beattie, was born and married in the North of Ire- 
land, and after coming to the United States set- 
tled in Newburgh in 1740. 

The maiden name of our subject's mother was 
Hannah Burkhardt. She was born in Allegheny 
County, Pa., in 179.5, and was the daughter of 
Jacob Burkhardt, who was born in German}-, and 
after coming to America served as a soldier in the 
French and Indian War. The parents of our sub- 
ject were married in 1816, and four 3'ears later, 
the father, deciding to locate further west, sailed 
down the Ohio River in an emigrant boat, being 
accompanied on the journe3' b3' the families of 
AVilliam Marshall and William Temple. Arriv- 
ing at Shawneetown, January 1, 1821, they came 
overland to Randolph Count3- and located upon a 
farm in township 4, where the3- were among the 
earliest settlers. Here the father of our subject 
opened up a farm, and at the time of his decease 



had accumulated a large estate of six hundred and 
forty acres. His wife, of whom our subject is the 
only surviving son, died in 1819, and afterward 
he married Miss Margaret Black. Of the five 
children born to them onl\- one is living, Robert 
T.; Francis H. died in 1886, leaving a family of 
five children: Nettie, John B., William S., Rob- 
ert and Jefferson. Mrs. Margaret Beatlie died in 
1840, and the father of our subject departed this 
life in 1846. The latter was industrious, prudent 
and thrift}-, and had many warm friends through- 
out the county. 

J. B. Beattie is a native of Pennsylvania, where 
his birth occurred June 24, 1818, in Allegheny 
County. He was two years of age when his father 
came to Illinois. Here he received his education 
in the pioneer schools and here he was reared to 
farm pursuits. He has been a resident of town- 
ship 4, range 5, for the past seventy-three j-ears, 
and has been an important factor in advancing 
the agricultural interests of the county. At the 
time his father located here the country was in a 
wild condition, and was very sparsel}' inhabited. 
Deer, wild turkeys and other kinds of game were 
plentiful. Our subject's means were ver}' limited, 
but he was reared to habits of industry, and was 
energetic and ambitious, so that by j'ears of hard 
toil he has accomplished the pioneer task of de- 
veloping a highly productive farm from the wild- 

In February, 1854, Mr. Beattie and Miss Eliza- 
beth, daughter of John and Elizabeth (Mclnt3're) 
MclMillan, were united in marriage. Mrs. Beattie 
was born December 5, 1829, in Scotland, where 
her parents were also born. They are both now 
deceased, and at their death left a family of three 
children: John, Mrs. Beattie and Alexander. To 
our subject and his wife have been born six chil- 
dren: ISIary J., now Mrs. T. B. Stephenson, whose 
sketch will be found elsewhere in this Recokd; 
James Hall, who married Ada "SVarner and resides 
in Kansas Cit}-, Kan.; John Alexander, who mar- 
ried Miss Patience O. Rusk, and also resides in the 
above place; Jacob L., who makes his home in 
Sparta, this county; William M. and Hannah 11, 
both at home. 

Our subject is a devoted member of the United 

Presbyterian Church, while his good wife holds 
membership with the Christian Church near her 
home. In his political relations he is a Prohibi- 
tionist and has aided the progress of that party 
in this section very materially. He has been 
a School Director for the past ten years, and 
as the incumbent of that position has given en- 
tire satisfaction. His fine estate, which includes 
two hundred and forty acres, is all cultivated with 
the exception of seventy-five acres. The land is 
supplied with substantial improvements that make 
it one of the most desirable farms in the county. 

^|[ OHN C. RITCHIE is one of those progress- 
ive, wide-awake farmers who find both 
^,^1 ; pleasure and profit in cultivating the soil, 
^^^ and by means of dignitj' and ability tend 
to raise the standard of their chosen occupation. 
Besides agricultural pursuits, he is also interested in 
dairy farming, owning at the present time twenty- 
nine Jersey cows. His estate, which comprises two 
hundred acres, is pleasantly located on section 10, 
township 4, range 6, where also he has erected his 
creameiy, and now turns out each week two hun- 
dred pounds of butter. 

The father of our subject, Robert J. Ritchie, 
was born in County Derry, Ireland, in 1794, and 
was the son of William Ritchie, who married a 
Miss Hemphill. Tlie maiden name of our subject's 
mother was Jane Marshall. She was a native of 
South Carolina, and the daughter of James Mar- 
shall, who was married in that state. On coming 
to Illinois in 1837, he located on a farm three 
miles south of Edin, this count}-, and three years 
later came to this township. Here he entered land 
from the Governmeiit and made his permanent 
home, d3-ing in 1866. His good wife preceded 
him to the better land by many years, departing 
this life in 1844. The}' were the parents of six 
children, of whom those living besides our subject 
are: Mary, the wife of Moore Smith, who re- 
sides on section 11, township 4; and Jane, Mrs. 
Coulter, who lives in Arkansas. 

After the death of his first wife, the father of 
our subject was married to Miss Margaret, daugh- 



ter of Samuel Little, one of the earliest settlers in 
this section. By this union was born a daughter, 
Martha, who is now the wife of George Marshall, 
and who lives in Arkansas. The parents of our sub- 
ject were members of the Reformed Presbyterian 
Church, and were good and consistent Christians. 

John C. Ritchie was born January 31, 1835, in 
Fairfield District, S. C, and was only two years of 
age when his parents made their advent into this 
state, and five years old when they located on 
what is now his farm. Here he grew to man's 
estate, attending the district school and supple- 
menting the knowledge gained therein by a terra 
of six months in tlie Sparta schools. When eigh- 
teen years of age he hired out by the month to work 
on farms, and spent five years thus employed. 

In 1858 Mr. Ritchie and Miss Sarah, daughter 
of Charles and Mar}' (Hunter) McKelvey, old set- 
tlers in this county, were united in marriage. Mrs. 
Ritchie was born November 26, 1836, on the old 
McKelvey homestead, in this township, and has 
spent her entire life in Randolph Count}-. After 
the decease of his father, our subject purchased the 
interest in the old homestead of his sisters, and 
since then has been engaged in its profitable op- 
eration. As before stated, it comprises two hun- 
dred acres, and he has added to his income as a 
farmer by erecting a creamery on the farm, which 
is supplied with all modern machinery, and the 
churning is done by steam. The product of the 
dairy, which is of high grade, is disposed of mostly 
at Marissa. Mr. Ritchie is also largely interested 
in stock-raising, and has a number of Chester- 
White hogs on his farm. 

Of the nine children borji to our subject and 
his wife, we give the following: Charles M. mar- 
ried Jane Hemphill; Mary Ida is the wife of Oli- 
ver Wiley; AVilliam S. is the next in order of 
birth; Jane Amelia is the wife of Hugh McClure; 
James L., John W., Sidney Willis, Sarah Mabel 
and Stella are at home. They have all been given 
good educations, and the eldest son, who is a min- 
ister in the United Presbyterian Church, has a 
charge at Oakdale, this state. Mr. and Mrs. Ritchie 
are members of the Reformed Presbyterian Church, 
in which body the former has been Trustee for 
thirty years. He has also filled the office of School 

Director, and in politics votes the Prohibition 
ticket. William 8., the second son of our subject, 
is attending school in the Allegheny Seminary, in 
Alleghenj^ Pa., where he is fitting himself to be- 
come a minister, for which calling James and John 
are also preparing themselves. James is attending 
school at Groves City, Pa., and prior to going 
there was graduated from the S|)arta High School, 
standing one hundred in every study for three 

■ ^# P • . 

W GUIS GREGSON devotes his time and at- 
I (©) tcntion to agricultural pursuits on section 
jl' — ^v\ 21, township 3, range 8 west, Monroe Coun- 
ty, where he has under his control four hun- 
dred and forty acres of good land. He is a son of 
James Gregson,a native of England, who when a 
boy came to this countr}' with his father, John 
Gregson, who settled on Round Prairie, in Mon- 
roe County. Here he entered land from the Gov- 
ernment, and upon the farm which he there de- 
veloped made his home until his death. 

James Gregson was reared under the parental 
roof, and when he attained to man's estate, pur- 
chased a farm adjoining the old place. He was 
married in 1818 to Philipena Lower. Her fa- 
ther was a native of Germany, and upon coming 
to this country, settled on Round Prairie in an 
early day. In the family were four sons, namely: 
Philip, Henry, Conrad and Peter. Mr. and Mrs. 
Gregson located on section 30, township 3, where he 
owned one hundred and sixty acres of laud, besides 
his eight}' acres on Round Prairie and forty acres 
on the creek. There he followed farming until a 
short time before his death, when he removed to 
Red Bud. By his first marriage he had three chil- 
dren, who are yet living: Louis, of this sketch; 
John, of Red Bud; and Peter, who is living on the 
old homestead. After the death of his first wife, 
Mr. Gregson wedded Mrs. Mary Lower, and they 
had three children: James M., a conductor on a 
street car in St. Louis; William H., who is living in 
Jackson County, 111.; and Emily, the wife of Hugh 
Murphy, County Assessor of Monroe County. The 
father of this family was an honored pioneer of 



this section, and was a man highly respected for 
his sterling worth. 

On the home farm, November 5, 1840, occurred 
the birth of Louis Gregson. He is now probably 
the oldest native settler of the township. He was 
reared under the parental roof in the usual man- 
ner of farmer lads, and after arriving at years of 
maturity he was married, in February, 1866, to Miss 
Elizabeth McQuillan, daughter of John McQuillan, 
whose sketch appears elsewhere in tliis work. She 
was born in .St. Louis, but her girlhood days were 
spent in this cQunty. The young couple began 
their domestic life upon the farm which is now 
their home. They became the parents of 6ve chil- 
dren, and the family circle 3'et remains unbroken 
by the hand of death. Edward L., the eldest, is 
now a farmer of this community; Albert J. aids in 
the operation of the home farm; Louis J. is teach- 
ing school on Round Prairie; Gu}' Joseph and 
Martha Marj' are still with their parents. 

Mr. and Mrs. Giegson own four hundred and 
forty acres of valuable land, and he devotes his 
time and attention to general farming and stock- 
raising. He makes a specialty of the breeding of 
fine Norman horses. In polities he is a supporter 
of the Democracy, and has served as Highway 
Commissioner, Supervisor and School Director. 
In these various positions he has ever discharged 
his duties with a promptness and fidelity that have 
won him high commendation. He and his family 
are all members of the Catholic Church, and are 
prominent people of this community, holding an 
enviable position in social circles. 

LFRED ADAMS. There is in the devel- 
(@7LI|| opment of every successful life a lesson 
to everyone; for if a man is industriously 
ambitious and honorable in his ambition, 
he will undoubtedly rise to a position of promi- 
nence, whether having a prestige of family and 
wealth or the obscurity of poverty. We are led 
to these reflections in reviewing the life of Mr. 
Adams, who is Sheriff of Randolph County. 

A native of this county, our subject was born 
within three miles of Chester, March 27, 1849, 

and is the son of James and Filizabeth E. (Easton) 
Adams. His parents were natives of Scotland, 
whei'e they were married, and about 1839 emi- 
grated to the United States, locating the follow- 
ing year in this county. They were farmers by 
occupation and were numbered among the well- 
to-do citizens of this section until their decease. 
The father died in March, 1883, when in his 
seventy-third year, and his good wife departed 
this life in April, 1873. They reared a family of 
seven children, of whom our subject is the only 
one now living. 

Alfred Adams, of this sketch, passed his boyhood 
days on his father's farm, pursuing the advantages 
open to him in the common schools. Having no 
taste for agriculture, he determined to gain a good 
education and thus fit himself to occupy almost 
any position in life. He took a course of study 
in McKendrce College, at Lebanon, this state, and 
after completing liis studies returned to the home 
farm, where he married Miss Clementina Cowing, 
March 23, 1869. Mrs. Adams was a native of 
England, and was born in Liverpool December 
19, 1848. She was a daughter of Capt. Ran- 
dolph K. Cowing, and was only eleven years old 
when she came to the United States. Her father, 
who was a sea captain, was lost on one of his trips 
while crossing the Atlantic. 

Mr. and Mrs. Adams have been blessed with a 
family of three children, viz.: Minnie F., Natalie 
G. and Clementina B. In October, 1870, Mr. 
Adams came to this city, where he embarked in 
the retail grocerj' business, which he only carried 
on, however, for a twelvemonth. Later, he pur- 
chased a sale and livery stable in the city, of 
which he was the proprietor for eight years, dur- 
ing wliich time he managed his affairs in a most 
systematic manner. He was then compelled to 
dispose of his barns on account of being elected 
City Treasurer for a term of two years. For the 
succeeding three }^ears he was engaged in the in- 
surance business. 

In 1886 Mr. Adams was honored by his fellow- 
townsmen b}' being elected County Treasurer for 
a term of four years on the Democratic ticket. 
He filled this office very acceptably, and was so 
popular in political circles that on the expiration 



of his term as Treasurer he was elected Sheriff of 
Randolph County, which position he is holding 
at the present time. He is discharging the duties 
thus devolving upon him with sound judgment, 
rare discrimination, tact and fairness, and the 
people are well satisfied with his manner of con- 
ducting tlie affairs of his office. He has been very 
prominent in the upbuilding of the county, and 
was one of the organizers of the Chester Improve- 
ment Company. Socially, our subject is a mem- 
ber of the Knights of Pythias, and was one of 
the charter members of the lodge in the city of 

'■^ OHN B. BRATNF.Y, Postmaster at Preston, 
I Randolph Count}-, is also acting as agent 
^^ I for the sale of wagons, buggies and sewing 
^^fJ machines. He is a native born citizen of 
this count}', a son of one of its honored residents, 
and owns and superintends the management of his 
farm of two hundred and twenty-one acres, which 
is located one mile from Preston. 

Our subject was born one mile from where he is 
at present residing, February 25, 1827, and is the 
son of Joseph and Elenor (Beatty) Bratuey. The 
father, who was born in Tennessee, came to this 
state about 1818, where he purchased land from 
the Government at $1.25 per acre. Finally making 
his way to Randolph County, he built a sawmill 
near this place, which be operated for several 
years with indifferent success. Tlien moving up- 
on his farm, lie cleared and improved it, and was 
engaged in its operation for some time. After- 
ward he settled in Preston (which was in that 
early day known as Pollock), and engaged in the 
mercantile business. Later, however, he opened a 
tanning establisiiment in Evansville, and was en- 
gaged in that branch of business at the time of 
his decease, in the winter of 1849. He was a very 
enterprising citizen and never lost an opportunity 
to advance the welfare of his township materially 
or socially. 

Our subject has one brother living of a family 
of three sons and one daughter. He received his 

education in a primitive log schoolhouse, which 
was the best that the locality afforded. It was 
situated in the woods and bore little resemblance 
to the convenient and comfortable school build- 
ings of to-day. Our subject and his brother, New- 
ton, were taken into the home of their maternal 
uncle in childhood. John B. remained with this 
relative until starting out in life for himself. A 
short time prior to attaining his majority, he went 
to New Orleans, and on his return north came 
again to this count}', which has since been his 
home. During the Mexican War he joined a vol- 
unteer company, but as their services were not 
needed he did not go to war. 

In 1850 Mr. Bratney was united in marriage 
with Miss Mary Jane Crozier, who was also born 
in this county and reare^ on a farm, one mile 
from the birthplace of our subject. After their 
marriage the young people moved upon the farm 
which had been left to Mr. Bratney by his father, 
and on which lie had erected a comfortable resi- 
dence. There he farmed until 1858, when he was 
appointed Postmaster at Preston. Moving into 
the village, he engaged in merchandising in con- 
nection with his oflScial duties and there lived for 
twenty years. He has, however, held the office of 
Postmaster since his first appointment, during 
Buchanan's administration, and is still the incum- 
bent of that position. He has also been Justice 
of the Peace for two terms, was Trustee of the 
School Board, in which body he is now Clerk, and 
holds a similar position among the Road Commis- 
sioners. He cast his first Presidential vote for 
Zachary Taylor, and after the organization of the 
Republican party was a member of its ranks until 
1892, when he joined the People's party. 

Mrs. Mary J. Bratney died eleven months after 
her marriage, and Miss Henrietta, the sister of our 
subject, kept house for him until her marriage with 
Alexander Mann, one of the old settlers of this 
county. She is now deceased. The lady whom 
our subject married in 1853 was Miss Margaret 
Thompson. She became the mother of a son, 
Theodore S., who resides in St. Louis. His mother 
died in Preston in October, 1864. The present 
wife of Mr. Bratney, with whom he united in 
1868, was Miss Mary W. Pollock, aud to them has 



been born one daughter, Nettie F., now Mrs. W. 
A. Glore, of Steeleville. 

Robert, the grandfatlier of our subject, was a 
soldier in the War of the Revolution, and the fa- 
ther of Mr. Bratney served in tlie War of 1812, 
under General Jackson. The former with his wife 
is buried on the farm now owned by our subject. 
Robert Bratney, the brother of our subject, was 
shot and l\illed by his tenant, to whom he had 
rented his farm near Preston. He was a man of 
excellent character, and at the time of this sad af- 
fair was living in Sparta. 



^(OHN HAGP:D0RN, Justice of the Peace 
in Evansville Precinct, is also a prominent 
farmer, whose practical sagacity and thrift 
have brought him to the front as an agri- 
culturist. To this interest he also adds that of 
nurser3'man,and is lyell liked and respected bj' all 
who know him. Born in Prussia May 31, 1832, 
he is the son of Paules and Victoria (Hase) Hage- 
dorn, also natives of Prussia, where the mother 
died in 1861. 

The fatlier of our subject, who came to the 
United States in the year 1866, died that same 
year at the home of our subject. The parental 
family included six children, of whom three be- 
sides our subject are living — a brother in the 
Old Country and two sisters in America. John, 
of this sketch, was educated in Germany, and 
was there married on the 10th of February, 1857. 
On the 28th of the same month the young cou- 
ple started for their new home in America, 
and, making their wa}' directly to this state, lo- 
cated in Belleville, St. Clair County, where they 
made their home during the summer. Then, com- 
ing to Randolph County, Mr. Hagedorn located 
on property near his present home, clearing land 
and cultivating and embellisliing it with substan- 
tial buildings. On this present farm he continued 
to reside while improving another one he liad pur- 
chased. He is now tiie proprietor of two fine es- 
tates, which are located three miles east of Evans- 

ville, one comprising eight}' acres, and the other 
ninety-five acres of land. 

Mr. Hagedorn branched out in the nursery busi- 
ness in 1888, and now supplies the people in this 
section with the choicest variety of trees and 
shrubs. He also raises great varieties of fruit, for 
which he always finds a good market in the city. 
Miss Christina Metz and our subject were united 
in marriage in 1857.- Mrs. Hagedorn was born in 
Prussia, Germany, and by her marriage has be- 
come the mother of six children, of whom those 
living are: Sophia, Mrs. Edward Ludker; Minnie, 
the wife of James H. Mathews; and Theresa, at 

Mr. Hagedorn is a genial gentleman, and his 
social qualities make him a general favorite, while 
his ability gives him a prominent part in the 
management of local affairs. In politics he votes 
the Republican ticket, and has been Constable 
since residing here, or for eight years, and has 
served a like period as Justice of the Peace. 
That he is popular is shown by the fact that, al- 
though bis precinct is strongly Democratic, he 
never fails to be elected when brought before the 
people. He served as Deputy Sheriff for seven 
years, and cast his first vote for Abraham Lincoln. 
With his wife and family he is a member of the 
Catholic Church. 

• "^^ • 

^ OHN HEBERER was one of the pioneers of 
Monroe Count}-, 111. A native of Darm- 
stadt, Germany, he was born in 1812, and 
in 1832, at the age of twenty years, crossed 
the Atlantic to the New World. He took up his 
residence in Monroe Count}', 111., locating near Red 
Bud, where he entered land from the Government, 
making a settlement farther south than any other 
resident of this locality up to this time. He then 
turned his attention to the development of the 
wild land, and transformed the raw tract into 
rich and fertile fields. 

Mr. Heberer was twice married. He first wedded 
Miss Frick, whose people were among the pioneer 
settlers of Illinois, and two children were born 
unto tliem. John, tlie eldest, is now a resident of 



Perry County, where he is extensively engaged in 
farming. Kate became the wife of Peter Wicklein, 
and died, leaving six children. After the death 
of his first wife, Mr. Ileberer wedded Mar3' Schara- 
ville in St. Louis. The marriage was celebrated 
ou the day following their first meeting. Thej' 
became the parents of six children, viz.: Will- 
iam, a farmer; Henry, who died at the age of 
twenty-one; Charlie, a farmer of Jackson County; 
Alexander T. ]).; Edward, who is now engaged 
in the real-estate business in Red Bud; and Adam, 
an agriculturist of Jackson County. 

The family resided in Monroe County until about 
1880, when the farm in that locality of two hun- 
dred and eighty acres was sold, and the}' came to 
Red Bud. Here the father died in 1884, and the 
mother two years later. They were prominent 
members of the Lutheran Church, to the support 
of which they contributed liberally. Mr. Heberer 
was one of its most active workers, doing all in 
his power for its advancement. In 1860 he joined 
the ranks of the Republican party, of which he 
became a stanch advocate, and for four years he 
acceptably tilled the office of Justice of the Peace. 
His life was one well worthy of emulation, and 
his loss throughout the community was deeply 

Alexander Ileberer was born in Monroe Coun- 
ty in 1857, and was there reared and educated. 
To his father he gave the benefit of his services 
until he had attained to man's estate, when he 
began selling fruit trees for the Samuel Bayles' 
Nursery Companj' of St. Louis. He was thus em- 
ployed for three years, after which he spent one 
year as a farmer. In the meantime he was united 
in marriage with Miss Maiy Waldmann, by whom 
he has four children. 

In 1883 Mr. Heberer went to Jackson County, 
where his brothers had previously located, and 
purchased one hundred acres of land, to the im- 
provement of which he devoted his energies until 
his return to Red Bud, in March, 1893. He here 
purchased the Dunn Brothers' livery stable, and 
now has the largest livery stock in the city. His 
vehicles are of the finest, and he has some good 
horses. From the public he receives a liberal pat- 
ronage and is now doing a good business, which 

he well merits. Mr. Heberer is a member of the 
Treubund of Red Bud. Both he and his wife were 
reared in the Lutheran Church and are people of 
worth, who have many friends throughout this 

<^ MLLIAM E. LOHRBERG is a leading and 
\/\/// successful mercliant of Red Bud, his na- 
W^ tive town, where he was born in 1854. 
His parents, Henrj' and Mary (Wicklein) Lohr- 
beig, were both natives of Germany, and during 
childiiood came to this country, locating in Ran- 
dolph Count}', 111., where their marriage was cele- 
brated. Eight children have been born unto them, 
of whom William is the eldest. Josephine is now 
the wife of J. H. Parrott, of Kansas City, Kan. 
Elizabeth is the wife of P. Eisenbart, of Monroe 
County. George is engaged in farming in Mon- 
roe County. Rebecca, widow of Henry Ratz,is the 
proprietress of the Commercial Hotel. Maggie is 
the wife of Al Ratz, of Red Bud. 

In the usual manner of farmer lads our subject 
was reared to manhood, and the common schools 
of the community afforded him his educational 
privileges. He followed farming in Monroe Coun- 
ty until twenty-seven years of age, when he went 
to Kansas City, Kan., there spending one year. 
On the expiration of that period he came to Red 
Bud and secured a position as salesman in the store 
of Mr. Ratz. In connection with Henry Ratz, the 
son of his old employer, he purchased his present 
store, and since 1885 the business has been carried 
on under the firm name of Lohrberg & Ratz. 
They carry in stock everything found in a first- 
class mercantile establishment, and have succeeded 
in building up a good trade as the result of their 
courteous treatment, fair and honest dealing and 
earnest desire to please their customers. 

In 1884 Mr. Lohrberg was united in marriage 
with Miss Mary Diehl, and unto them have been 
born five children, as follows: Ralph, Elenora, 
Henry, Tolga and Edwin. Socially, Mr. Lohrberg 
is connected with the Knights of Honor and is a 
member of the Odd Fellows' societj'. In politics 
he is a supporter of Democratic principles. 

In connection with his other interests, our sub- 



ject is agent for the Heim Brewing Company, and 
is also engaged in tlie manufacture of soda water. 
He owns an interest in a farm of one hundred and 
twenty acres in Monroe County, and is the sole 
owner of one hundred and twentj' acres in the 
same county, which yields him a good income. He 
is recognized as one of the best business men of 
Red Bud, and tliough yet a young man, is widely 
and favorably known. He is also public spirited 
and progressive and takes an active interest in the 
advancement and growtii of the community in 
which he makes his home. It is with pleasure that 
we present to our readers the record of his life. 

loyal Americans will agree that the old 
soldiers who sacrificed iiome comforts, en- 
dured hardships and braved dangers dur- 
ing the da^s of the Nation's peril are deserving 
of remembrance. Tbe historian cannot detail the 
lives spent on the tented field, but he can mention 
the chief events by whicli the gallant soldier se- 
cured victory, too often, alas, at the price of manly 
vigor and missing limbs. Were there no other 
reasons than his army life, we should be glad to 
present to our readers an outline of the history of 
Major C'hilds, a prominent ph3'siciau of Randolph 
Count3', who is residing at Coulterville. 

Our subject was born March 12, 1826, fourteen 
miles from the city of Baltimore, Md., and is a son 
of Nathaniel Childs, who was born in Maryland in 
1770. The family traces its ancestry back to three 
brotliers who came to America from Sweden, one 
locating in New England, another in South Caro- 
lina, and the third in Maryland. Our subject's 
great-grandfather was a blacksmith in Erametsburg, 
Md., where ho lived over two hundred years ago. 

Nathaniel Childs, the father of our subject, was 
a soldier in the War of 1812, where he commanded 
a mounted company. The lady whom lie married 
was born in Baltimore in 1785, and bore the name 
of Mis5 Ann Jcssup. She was the daughter of 
William Jessup, a native of England, who emi- 

grated to America during the Revolutionary War. 
Our subject's parents came west in 1839 and made 
a permanent home in St. Louis, where the father 
was engaged in running a sawmill. He took an 
active part in politics in that city, and was a mem- 
ber of the Cit}' Council for ten years. He was Pro- 
bate Judge in Baltimore for a number of years, and 
was a valuable and influential man in his commu- 
nity. He depaited this life in 1852, and his good 
wife died in 1865. 

Our subject is the onlj' survivor in the parental 
family of sixteen children, fourteen of whom grew 
to mature years. He was a lad of twelve years 
when his parents removed to St. Louis, where his 
education was completed. He first attended the 
college at St. Charles, that state, and later the St. 
Xavier Catholic College at St. Louis. Deciding to 
become a physician, Mr. Childs entered the Eclectic 
Medical Institute of Cincinnati with the Class of 
'45, and two years later became a student in the St. 
Louis Medical College, from which he was gradu- 
ated in 1848. After practicing three years in that 
city he went to Madison, Ind., and after a resi- 
dence there of three years returned to the Mound 
City. A twelvemonth later, however, he came to 
Chester, this county, where he engaged in the 
practice of his profession until 1861, when he took 
up his abode in Sparta, this countj'. 

In September of the above year. Dr. Childs en- 
tered the Union army, being commissioned Eirst 
Lieutenant of Company K, Fifth Illinois Cavalry. 
He was sent to Pilot Knob, Mo., in February, 1862, 
and advanced through Arkansas to Helena, in the 
meantime skirmishing with Generals Price and 
Van Dorn. July 1, he moved with his company 
to Jackson Port, Ark., and in the skirmish which 
followed with General Hovey, Major Childs led 
the advance in person, and compelled the retreat 
of the enemy. Later they went to Clarendon, and 
on crossing the White River to Helena, Ark., he 
encountered the guerrillas. He then received com- 
mand to go forward with one hundred men as 
guards along the river, and in February, 1863, 
joined Grant's army. 

His health having been very much impaired. Dr. 
Childs returned home, intending to devote his 
time to his profession. His plans were frustrated, 



however, in May, 1864, by a call for one hundred- 
day men, when he raised a company of one hun- 
dred and thirty-iive volunteers, and on going to 
Springfield was commissioned Major of the One 
Hundred and Fort3r-second Regiment. He was 
then ordered to Memphis, Tenn., where he served 
under Gen. A. J. Smith. At the time Forrest made 
his last raid on Memphis, our subject's regiment 
was ordered to hold White Star Station, which he 
did at the head of his command. On his return 
to Memphis he was ordered to Chicago, where they 
were to be mustered out. General Price at that 
time was making a raid in Missouri, and Major 
Childs' regiment was called upon to go down and 
aid in the defense of St. Louis. They went for- 
ward, and after reaching the citj' reported to Gen- 
eral Rosecrans, who ordered them to Benton Bar- 
ricks and afterward to guard the Missouri Pacific 
Railroad. After ten daj'S thus occupied the}' re- 
turned to Chicago, where they were mustered out 
November 1, 1864. Major Childs was very popu- 
lar with "the boys" and was on many occasions 
highl}' complimented for his brave actions by his 
superior officers. 

On returning home from the war, Dr. Childs 
practiced medicine in Sparta until April, 1874, 
when he came to Coulterville, and has since made 
his home at this place. In March, 1847, he mar- 
ried Miss Elizaljeth A. Balridge, who was born in 
Ohio, November 13, 1828. She is the daughter of 
Alexander H. Balridge, M. D., who was Professor 
in the Eclectic Medical College at Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Mrs. Childs is a lady of high culture and fine edu- 
cation, and by her union with our subject has be- 
come the mother of eight children, of whom those 
living are: Emma F., the widow of S. B. Brown; 
Nathaniel, a student in the theological college at 
Xenia, Ohio; Charles A., a farmer; Elizabeth May, 
the wife of C. R. McKelve}', and Sally J., the wife 
of R. A. Leiper. The Doctor is a Presbyterian re- 
ligiously, while Mrs. Childs holds membership in 
the United Presbyterian Church. 

In politics the Doctor always takes an active 
part, and began making political speeches in be- 
half of the AVhig party when eighteen years old. 
He is an influential citizen, and was President 
of the Board of Trustees of Coulterville for 

twelve years. The schools of this vicinity find 
in him an earnest advocate, and the Sparta High 
School owes its existence to his push and en- 
ergy. He has been School Director for the past 
nine years, and during that time was Secretary of 
the Board. 

Dr. Childs was a personal friend of Gen. John 
A. Logan, Governors Yates, Hamilton and Fifer» 
and Senator CuUom. He was present at the state 
convention that instructed for Grant, during which 
time the contest between Logan and Farewell 
for the United States Senate took place. At dif- 
ferent times he has been associated on committees 
with Stephen A. Douglas, Jr., and Robert Lincoln. 
He has been delegate to five state conventions, and 
presided over the first Republican convention, held 
in Randolph County in 1856. 


^=!^,EORGE HOMRIGHAUSEN is a Notary 
i|| ,==, Public and a well known citizen of Red 
^^j) Bud. His father, Henry Homrighausen, 
was born in Prussia, Germany, in 1822, and came 
to America in 1841, locating in St. Louis, where 
he remained some months. In companj- with a 
friend he then went to Kansas Cit}', but finding 
no employmeut there, returned to St. Louis, where 
be worked in flouring mills. In 1847 he was 
married to Sophia Scharch, and in March, 1854, 
came with his family to Monroe County, 111., 
where he purchased eighty acres of land. The 
forty-acre tract on which he settled was but par- 
tially improved. He at once began its further 
development, and from time to time made addi- 
tional purchases, until at his death he owned five 
hundred and sixty acres of valuable and highly 
improved land. He came to this country a poor 
man, but by industry and economy arose to a posi- 
tion of affluence. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Homrighausen were born ten 
children, eight of whom grew to mature j^ears: 
George, of this sketch; Frank, of Monroe County; 
John, who resides on the old homestead; AVilliam 
and August, who are also living in Monroe Coun- 
ty; Catherine, who makes her home with the 
brothers just mentioned; Elizabeth, wife of Ernst 



Heyl, of Monroe County; and Annie, wife of 
George Hepp, Jr., of Monroe County. The father 
of this famih- held many offices of public trust. 
He served for sixteen yeai-s as Justice of the Peace, 
was seven 3'ears Town Tre.asurer, and was filling 
that position at the time of his death. In politics 
he was a stanch Republican, and was a member of 
the Evangelical Church, in which he took an act- 
ive interest. He died April 5, 1884, and his wife 
passed away October 2, 1887. They were consist- 
ent Christian people and had the high regard of 
all who knew them. 

George Homrighausen was horn in St. Louis in 
1851, and was only three 3-ears old when his par- 
ents came to Illinois. He grew to manhood on his 
father's farm, aiding in the labors of the field in 
the summer months and attending the common 
schools through the winter. He thus acquired a 
knowledge of the common branches, and at the 
age of sixteen he entered the seminary of Oakfield, 
Mo. Later he attended school in Waterloo, and 
having successfully passed an examination in 1869, 
he taught his first school in Prairie du Long in the 
following winter, after which he taught five con- 
secutive terms in the Union school. Afterward 
he followed his profession in Monroe Count\', 
having charge of the school at Freedom. Through 
each winter season until 1885 he followed the vo- 
cation of a teacher at various places. In 1873 he 
attended the Normal department of the Southern 
Illinois University, of Carbondale. In 1885 he 
abandoned teaching and devoted his time to farm- 
ing until 1891, when he located in Red Bud. 

In 1876 Mr. Homrighausen married Miss Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Philip Sauer, one of the pioneers 
of Monroe County and a native of German3'. He 
came to America in 183.3, at the age of twenty- 
four, locating in Pennsylvania, and remaining 
there until 1838. when he removed to Arkansas 
and engaged in contract work. In 1839 he re- 
moved to Monroe County, where he purchased 
and improved two hundred and eighty-eight acres 
of land, making his home thereon until his death. 
His wife bore the maiden name of Elizabeth Sen- 
sel and was a resident of Round Prairie. Thej' 
became the parents of the following children: 
Nicholas and William, who are millers, of Evans- 

ville; Philip, a farmer of Randolph County; Mary, 
deceased; Catherine, Mrs. August Slehfesl, now 
deceased; M.igdalena, Mrs. John Bartlie, Jr.; Eliza- 
beth, wife of our subject; and Sophia, wife of 
Frank Homrighausen. 

Our subject owns a valuable propertj^ in Red 
Bud and a well improved farm of one hundred 
and sixtv acres in Monroe Countj', which j'ields 
to him a good income. He devotes his time to 
looking after his interests and to his duties as No- 
tarv Public. He held the office of Town Treasurer 
in Prairie du Long for eight years and was nom- 
inated on the Independent ticket for County 
Clerk. He was one of the organizers of the Farm- 
ers' Mutual Benefit Association of Monroe Coun- 
ty and served as its President for several years. 
He is a member and Trustee of the Protestant 
Evangelical Church, and has lived an honorable, 
upright life, which lias gained him the confidence 
and good will of all witli whom he has been brought 
in contact. He is numbered among the pioneer 
settlers of this locality' and is well known in Ran- 
dolph and adjoining counties. 

^^IMOTHY LIDDY was born in County 
'rf^^ Limerick, Ireland, in 1809, and on emigrat- 
^^^ ing to America located in St. Louis, where 
he was engaged in contracting and in grading 
streets. In the winter of 1843-44, he came to 
Randolph County, bringing with him his wife and 
one child, and locating upon a farm of one hun- 
dred and sixt}- acres, which he had purchased in 
1842. In 1844 the country was almost flooded, 
the water reaching the highest mark ever known 
in this community. 

In 1842, Mr. Liddy was joined in wedlock with 
Margaret McKenna, a native of Dublin, Ireland, 
who came to America in 1834 with her mother 
and brothers. One son, James, was born unto 
them ere the3' left St. Louis, and on their farm 
upon the prairie the famil3' circle was increased 
by the birth of five children: Lizzie, who died at 
the age of three 3'ears; Margaret; Katie, wife of 



John "Wall, of Waterloo, now deceased; John, de- 
ceased, and Daniel. 

At the time of his death, Mr. Liddy owned 
over eight hundred acres of valuable land, the 
greater part of wiiich was situated in one body, 
and all of which had been accumulated through 
his own efforts; his industry, economy and good 
management being the factors that won him his 
well merited success. He owned besides this a 
third interest in nine hundred acres in the Missis- 
sippi Valley, near old Ft. Charter, all of which 
is now owned by his son, Daniel. In 1865, Mr. 
Liddy was stricken with paralysis, and from this 
affliction died in 1872. He retained his faculties 
up to the very last and transacted his own business. 
His wife survived him about four years. They 
were worthy people, and their many excellencies 
of character gained them high regard. 

John Liddy, the second son, resided on the old 
homestead with his brother, Daniel, and they were 
equal partners in the business until the death of 
the former. He died from sunstroke in August, 
1888. James, the eldest, disposed of his business 
interests in Randolph County, and is now a resi- 
dent of Perryville, Mo. 

Daniel Liddy was born in Randolph County in 
1853, and received a common-school and academic 
education. On the death of the father, the two 
brothers succeeded to the business, and since the 
death of John, Daniel has carried on the business 
alone. He has sold none of the propert3', but has 
managed it all, and in his careful supervision has 
displayed excellent business and executive abilit3^ 
His sister 3'et owns an interest in the propertj'. 
In the nine hundred acres, of which the father 
owned a third interest, the other owners were 
John and Daniel, and the property is now in the 
possession of the latter. On this farm stands a 
small village, which was esuablished by Mr. Liddj'. 
Altogether he and his sister own about twelve 
hundred acrres of fine land, which he manages and 
superintends personally. They reside on the old 
homestead in the house erected b^- their father be- 
fore his death. 

In their political views the members of the 
familj' are Democrats, but before the war, Mr. 
Lidd_v, Sr., was a strong opponent of slavery. He 

and his wife were conscientious Catholics, and 
reared their children in that faith. The name of 
Lidd^' is inseparably connected with the agricult- 
ural interests of this communit}', and in Daniel 
Liddy the family has a worthy' representative. 

^ ESSE BANNISTER, a well known citizen of 
I Randolph County, is descended from good 
^^ ' old Revolutionary stock, his paternal grand- 
^^f) father, Jesse Bannister, having aided in the 
struggle for independence. After tlie war was 
over he received a pension in recognition of his 
services. He was born in 1754, and much of his 
life was passed in Vermont. He was a son of 
Thomas Bannister, and his grandfather was Joseph 
Bannister, one of three brothers, who came from 
England to America in 1660 and settled in Massa- 

The father of our subject, Oliver Bannister, was 
born in Worcester, Mass., in Julj-, 1794, and when 
a young man of twentj--one went to New York. 
There he engaged in the manufacture of cloth 
until 1829, when he came west to Illinois, settling 
in Randolph County, where he also operated a 
carding machine and manufactured cloth. Later 
he removed to Eden, where his death occurred. 
By occupation he was a weaver and dj'er, and 
after coming west he followed farming in addition 
to other enterprises. At one time he owned four- 
teen hundred acres of land, but lost much of this 
in an unfortunate investment. He was a man of 
good habits and lived an upright, honorable life. 
In politics he was first a Whig and afterward a 
Republican. He belonged to the Reformed Pres- 
byterian Church, and served as one of its Trustees. 
His wife, who bore the maiden name of Eliza Paul- 
hemns, was a native of New Jerse}-, and her father 
was a native of Holland. Mr. and Mrs. Bannister 
had a large familj', but only four grew to mature 
years: Charlotte, who is deceased; Lj'dia, who died 
leaving one son; Lucretia, wife of John Baird; and 

The subject of this sketch was born in the Em- 
pire State, and when two years of age was brought 
by his parents to Illinois, wliere, amid the wild 



scenes of frontier life, be was reared to manhood. 
He remained under tlie parental roof until twent}'- 
six years of age, when, in 18o3. he was married, 
the lad}^ of his choice being Margaret, daughter of 
Joshua and Margaret Smith. Her parents -were 
natives of Ireland, and from that country emi- 
grated to Canada and thence to Missouri. Mr. and 
Mrs. Bannister became the parents of eleven chil- 
dren: Ormsby, who is now living in Eden; Laura, 
wife of C. Young, of this township; Olive, at home; 
Mar}', the wife of Alfred Miller, of Kansas; Eliza- 
beth and William T., both of Kansas; Irene, who 
died at the age of ten; Joshua R., who died at the 
age of twenty-two; U. S. Grant, at home; Charlotte, 
who died at the age of one 3"ear; and AValdo, who 
completes the family. 

Mr. Bannister began farming in his own interest 
upon his marriage, purchasing sixty acres of land 
at *10 per acre. From time to time he has extended 
the boundaries of his farm until it now comprises 
four hundred acres of good land, all of which is 
under a high state of cultivation and well im- 
proved. The place is neat and thrift^' in appear- 
ance and gives evidence of the careful supervi- 
sion of the owner. His time is largel}' taken up 
by his business, but he devotes some attention to 
public interests. For twentj' years he was a mem- 
ber of the School Board and did eflfective service 
for the cause of education. He is now serving as 
Township Trustee. In politics he is a Republican. 
His wife is a member of the Reformed Presbyterian 

PREDERICK GUKER was born near Stras- 
: burg, in Alsace-Lorraine, in 1808, and at 
the age of nineteen crossed the Atlantic to 
America. At the early age of eight, he was thrown 
upon his own resources, and for seven j'ears worked 
in a mill. He then served a three years' appren- 
ticeship to a baker, and a year later he determined 
to seek a home and fortune beyond the Atlantic. 
On the 4th of July, 1827, he landed in New York, 
where for five j-ears he worked at his trade. He 
then went to New Orleans, and for three jears was 
employed in the oldest baker}' in the city. In 
January, 1836, he went up the Mississippi to St. 

Louis, and a month later entered the emploj' of 
John McGinnis, of Kaskaskia, 111., as a baker. He 
served one year, and then bought out his em- 
plo3'er, carr^'ing on the business in his own inter- 
est, in connection with which he also established a 
hotel and liveiy business. These three enterprises 
he conducted until 1858, but the high waters of 
the winters of 1844, 1851 and 1858 completely 
swept away all he had accumulated. 

Mr. Guker then turned his attention to farming, 
but in December, 1859, again went to New Or- 
leans. He had married in 1835, in that city, the 
lad}' of his choice being Margaret Medart, a native 
of Germany, who came with her parents to this 
country in 1832, locating in the Crescent City. 
Twelve children were born to our subject and his 
wife, eight of whom grew to mature years. Chris- 
tina became the wife of Michael Case, and died 
leaving two children, Louisa and William; Mrs. 
Caroline Hendricks died leaving one son, August, 
now of New Orleans; Louise is the wife of George 
Hatters, of Algiers, La., and has three children, 
Georgiana, Clara and Vivian; Fred D. is now liv- 
ing in Red Bud; Margaret is the wife of John 
Rail, of Red Bud Precinct, by whom she has nine 
children; Sophia is the wife of James Ashton, a 
conductor on the Southern Pacific Railroad in Al- 
giers, La., and they have four children; Mary E. 
is the wife of William H. Toy, of Omaha, Neb. 
Daniel died in Red Bud, leaving five children, 
who make their home in Randolph County. 

In September, 1865, Frederick Guker came to 
Red Bud, where he made his home until his death, 
in April, 1875. In politics he was a stalwart sup- 
j)orter of the Democratic party. Warm hearted 
and generous, he gave libeially of his means to 
various interests and enterprises, and no needy 
one ever left his door empty-handed. He had the 
high regard of all who knew him, and his death 
was deeply mourned. 

Fred D. Guker was born in Kaskaskia, 111., April 
15, 1840, and in 1846 was taken to New Orleans, 
where he lived with an aunt, Mrs. Christine Rivoil, 
until 1854, when he returned home on a visit, 
spending six months in this state. In 1855, he 
again went to the Crescent City, but the following 
year returned to Kaskaskia, and continued to live 



with his parents until 1859. lu that j'ear he again 
went south, and from 1861 until April, 1862, was 
in the Confederate army. He was taken prisoner 
at that time, and on being paroled, went to New 
Orleans. lie acquired a good education in Algiers, 
La., and after coming to Red Bud, taught school 
for about six years. 

In 1873, Mr. Gukerwas united in marriage with 
Miss Olive, daughter of William Briekey. She 
died in January, 1876. and he afterward married 
Miss Mary Gross, a native of Missouri. Ttiej' had 
six children, five of whom are yet living: Reginald 
E., Fred D., George G., Irene E. and Clarence A. 
Edgar F. died in childhood. 

Mr. Guker has been honored with election to 
office. He has served as Town and City Clerk 
since May, 1874, with the exception of one term, 
and has held the office of Justice of the Peace for 
sixteen consecutive years. He was Notary Public 
for fifteen consecutive years, and has been Town 
Treasurer since June, 1892. In all these offices he 
has ever been found faithful and true, and the 
promptness and fidelity with which he has dis- 
charged his public duties have won him high com- 
mendation. He votes with the Democratic part}'. 
Socially, he is a member of the Masonic fraternity, 
and the Odd Fellows' and Knights of Honor lodges, 
in all of which organizations he has served as Sec- 
retary. A man of sterling worth, he has many 
friends throughout the couimunit}', and is held in 
high esteem b^' all. 

THOMAS II. BURNS. It is impossible in a 
brief biographical sketch to render full jus- 
tice to prominent men, and yet there are 
some who are so iutimatei^- and clearly identified 
with the countj^'s welfare, and whose names are so 
familiar to all, that it is only right to dwell upon 
what they have done and the influence of their 
career upon others. To this class belongs Thomas 
II. Burns, who is the present Trustee of township 5, 
range 10, Randolph County. He is an active, 
wide-awake fanner, who has won success in pur- 
suing his favorite occupation. 

Our subject's birth occurred in Monroe County, 

this state, December 8, 1841. lie is the son of 
James and Lucinda (Brewer) Burns, the former of 
whom was born in Perry County, Mo., in 1808. 
He was of Scotch-Irish descent, a farmer b\' occu- 
pation, and departed this life in 1848 in Monroe 
County, this state, where he had resided for a few 
years. The mother of our subject is still living, at 
the advanced age of eighty j-ears, and makes her 
home in this county. Our subject and his brother, 
Basil K., are the onlj' members living of the 
parental family of eight children. The former re- 
ceived a limited education in the common schools 
of Randolph County, and after the decease of his 
father, remained at home with his mother until 
reaching his majority. 

On the outbreak of the Civil War, Thomas H. 
Burns joined the Union ranks, and became a mem- 
ber of Company B, Fort3'-ninth Illinois Infantry, 
which was commanded b}' his brother, James P. 
At the battle of Ft. Donelson, in which our sub- 
ject participated, his brother was killed. Thomas 
H. was present at the siege of Corinth, and at the 
battle of Pleasant Hill, La., and with his company 
was detailed on the raid after Price. At the bat- 
tle of Nashville, which followed, he was color 
bearer, and in 1862, when at Henderson, Tenn., 
was taken prisoner and sent to Columbia, that 
state, whence he was paroled ten days later and 
couve3'ed to Columbus, Ohio, where he was ex- 
changed. During the last three ^years of his serv- 
ice he was Corporal of his company, and although 
in the war from the beginning to the close, he was 
never wounded, but for a month was confined in 
the hospital at White Station, Tenn., where he had 
an attack of bilious fever. 

After the establishment of peace, our subject re- 
turned home to Randolph County, where he worked 
out b}' the month for a year, and October 16, 1866, 
was married to Miss Mary A. Hull. The two chil- 
dren who have come to bless their home are 
Henry E. and Sarah. Mrs. Burns is a faithful 
member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, while 
the mother of our subject is a Catholic in religion. 

Mr. Burns has made this township his home 
since 1876. He is truly a self-made man, and has 
met with both friendship and financial success in 
his journey through life. He owns two hundred 



and forty-eight acres of well improved laud, and 
his residence is located one and a-quarter miles 
northeast of Brewersville. In politics he votes 
with the Republican party, and cast his first bal- 
lot for Abraham Lincoln. He takes an active in- 
terest in public affairs, and is now filling the office 
of Township Trustee. As might be expected, he is 
a Grand Army man, being connected with >;ichol- 
son Post No. 457, at Red Bud. 


<« felLLIAAJ 
V^ activeb 

<^ j^ILLIAM P. McLaughlin, a wide-awake 
man of Randolph County, is now 
i^ely connected with the business in- 
terests of Sparta, and conducts a large queensware 
and grocery store, carrying a stock valued at 
13,500. He is also the owner of a valuable estate 
of three hundred acres, the greater portion of 
which is under an admirable state of cultivation, 
and which brings him a good income from its 

Mathew McLaughlin, the father of our subject, 
is 4 native of Ireland, and was born in County 
Antrim in 1817. He crossed the Atlantic about 
1833, and landing on American soil, made bis way 
to this count3% where he purchased land on section 
36, township 5, range 6. Here he conducted farm- 
ing o|)erations, and was more than ordinarily suc- 
cessful in his chosen calling. He was classed among 
the wealthy agriculturists of his township. He 
received such an education as was common to give 
the youth of his day in Ireland, and departed this 
life on the alx)ve farm in 1883. He was ever a 
consistent Christian, and was a devoted member of 
the Presbyterian Church. He was a prominent man 
in politics and alwaj's cast his ballot for Repub- 
lican candidates. 

Michael and Jennie (Patton) McLaughlin, the 
paternal grandparents of our subject, were also 
natives of Ireland, where they were well-to-do 
farmers. They emigrated to the United States in 
company with their son alx)ut 1833. The maiden 
name of our subject's mother was Martha Kell. 
She was born in South Carolina, and accompanied 
her parents, John and Nancy Kell, on their re- 
moval to Randolph County. She died some time 

in the '50s, after having become the mother of four 
children, those beside our subject being John (de- 
ceased), John, the second of that name (who is 
also deceased), and Margaret, now the wife of 
James C. Wilson, of this count}'. 

A native of Randolph County, William P. Mc- 
Laughlin was born Decembert' 12, 1846. He re- 
mained at home with his parents until reaching 
his majority, in the meantime attending the dis- 
trict schools during the winter months, and work- 
ing out on farms through the summer seasons. 
When ready to establish a home of his own he was 
married, in 1867, to Miss Eliza Jane Ward, and 
the young couple immediately- located upon rented 
property-, which he continued to operate for the 
following four 3-ears. At the expiration of that 
time, his father having died, our subject fell heir 
to the old homestead, on which he made his home 
until 1883, the date of his removal to Sparta. For 
the succeeding five years, however, he gave his 
personal attention to the management of the 
home farm, but in 1888 rented the propertj' and 
launched out in the grocery business. , He has a 
well equipped establishment, and is prompt and 
courteous in his dealings with customers, and as a 
consequence is carrying on a very lucrative trade. 

Mrs. Eliza J. McLaughlin was a native of this 
county, and was the daughter of Josiah and Jane 
(Caldwell) Ward, natives of South Carolina. She 
became the mother of three children, and departed 
this life on the 14th of April, 1875. She was 
one of the leading members of the Presb^-terian 
Church, and in all things maide her life accord with 
the principles taught by that denomination. By 
this marriage there were the following children: 
Martha J.. Charles A. and Eliza J. The latter 
died on the 8th of September, 1875. In the year 
1876 our subject was united in marriage with 
Miss Margaret, daughter of Alexander and Mar- 
garet (Anderson) Russell, natives of Ireland. Mrs. 
McLaughlin was born in this county, and b}- her 
union with our subject has become the mother of 
the following four children: Margaret E., William 
L., Martin Henry and Ira G. Margaret E. de- 
parted this life July 8, 1879. 

Our subject is an official member of the United 
Presbvterian Church, with which denomination his 



wife is also connected. He is a stanch Republican, 
and as one of Sparta's most enterprising citizens, 
has ahva^'s been identilied witli uiorements bene- 
ficial to the communilN-. 

'jfjOIIN R. McQuillan is the junior member 
of the firm of Mudd & McQuillan, dealers 
^-^ in general merchandise at Red Bud. He 
'f^f' was born on the old McQuillan homestead 
in Monroe County, January 21, 1851, and is a son 
of John McQuillan, Sr., whose sketch ap[)ears else- 
where in tliis work. He was reared upon the old 
farm and early began work in the fields. His 
primary education was acquired in the district 
schools of the neighborhood, and was completed 
by study in the Mound City Commercial College 
of St. Louis. 

Having arrived at 3ears of niaturit}', Mr. Mc- 
Quillan was united in marriage with Miss R. J. 
Dinan, daughter of Timothy Dinan, one of the 
early settlers of Monroe County. The lady was 
born and reared in this county, and the marriage 
of the young couple was celebrated in 1879. They 
began their domestic life upon a farm and there 
lived for a number of years, Mr. McQuillan devot- 
ing his time and attention to the cultivation of 
his land. Three children came to bless their 
union, .John, Walter and Gus. 

In 1888, Mr. Mcfjuillan left the farm and came 
to Red Bud, forming a partnership with W. T. 
Mudd, which still exists. For the past six years 
they have carried on general merchandising, and 
now have a fine store at the southwest corner of 
Main and Market Streets. They began operations 
on a small scale, but their trade has constantly in- 
creased and they now have one of the largest 
stores in the place. They carry a fine line of 
goods, and by fair and honest dealing, earnest en- 
deavors to please their customers and by courteous 
treatment they have secured a very liberal patron- 
age. The members of the firm are both men of 
good business ability, enterprising and energetic, 
and their success is well deserved. 

Besides his store Mr. McQuillan owns a valuable 
farm comprising two hundred and eighty acres of 

rich land in Prairie du Long Township, Monroe 
County. This tract is under a high state of culti- 
vation and is well improved with all the acces- 
sories and conveniences which go to make up a 
model farm. 

In his political affiliations, Mr. McQuillan is a 
Republican and is a stanch advocate of party 
principles. He has served as School Director of his 
township, but has never been an office-seeker, pre- 
ferring to devote his entire time and attention to 
his business interests. He belongs to the Catholic 
Knights of Illinois, of which he is now Treasurer. 
He and his family are all members of the Roman' 
Catholic Church. Their home is one of the fine 
residences of Red Bud, and is the abode of hospi- 
tality and good cheer. 

^^EORGE SAXENMEYER, manager of the 
Ij I— : Saxenmeyer Lumber Companj', of Red Bud, 
^^J! and one of the progressive and enterprising 
business men of this place, has here spent his en- 
tire life. It is his native town. His father, George 
M. Saxenmeyer, was born in Bavaria, Germany, 
and in 1846, bidding adieu to home and friends, 
sailed for the New World. He located in St. 
Louis and was there united in marriage with Miss 
Sophia Friesenberg, and unto them was born a 
family of seven children: Theodore, Annie, 
George, Ferdinand, Bertha, Herman and Sophia. 
The father was a harness-maker by trade and fol- 
lowed that business throughout his entire life. He 
was called to his final rest in 1886. 

George Saxenmeyer was born in 1857, and in 
Randolph County, under the parental roof, grew 
to manhood. The common schools of the neigh- 
borhood afforded him his educational privileges, 
and on starting out in life for himself he learned 
the harness-maker's trade, beginning that business 
in 1872. He devoted his time and energies to the 
work for nineteen years and met with good success 
in his undertakings. 

In 1883 was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Sax- 
enmeyer and Miss WilhelminaC. Deterding. Their 
union has been blessed with six children, five of 
whom are still living, ihree sons and two daugh- 



ters: F'rederick, Minnie, Theodore, Ilenrj- and 
Tlieresa. Que daughter, Matilda, died in early 

Our subject continued to engage in harness- 
making until 1891, when he disposed of his inter- 
est in that business in order to embark in another 
enterprise. He became one of the organizers of 
what is now known as tlie Saxenmeyer Lumber 
Company, and was made its manager, and was also 
chosen .Secretary and Treasurer. Jn the two years 
which have elapsed since its formation, he has suc- 
ceeded in establishing an extensive trade and has 
gained a high reputation for the excellent qualit}' 
of lumber in which he deals. This is one of the 
largest lumber concerns in southwestern Illinois, 
and the success of the companj' is now an assured 
fact, owing to the untiring labors and well di- 
rected efforts of the manager. In his political 
views Mr. Saxenmeyer is a Republican. He keeps 
well informed on the issues of tiie day, but has 
never been a politician in the sense of office-seek- 
ing, preferring to devote his entire time to his bus- 
iness. He may truly be called a self-made man, 
and he is a citizen whom Red Bud could ill afford 
to lose. 

' ^ ^ P 

mEDEKICK PARROTT,oneof the wealthy 
land-owners of Monroe Count}-, now liv- 
ing on section 1, township 4,i'ange 9 west, 
claims France as the land of his birth, which oc- 
curred on the 7th of November, 1816. He is a 
son of George and Ann (Eagle) Parrott, lioth of 
whom were born and reared in France. The father 
worked in a cotton factory in that country for 
some time. In 1828, he determined to seek a 
home and fortune in the United States, and with 
his family came to this country. He first settled 
in Stark County, Ohio, where he worked on a canal 
and made his home until 1840. From that time 
until his death he resided upon the farm which is 
now the home of our subject. Mr. and INIrs. Par- 
rott had a family of nine children, of whom four 
are still living, namely: Frederick, George, Peter, 
and Louis, a resident of St. Louis. 

Our subject was only twelve years of age when 
he accompanied his father on the emigration to 

America. During his boyhood he lived in Stark 
County and worked on a canal. When about 
seventeen years of age he left home and began 
working on steam boats on the Ohio and Missis- 
sippi Rivers. In that wa}' the five succeeding 
years of his life were passed, and when that period 
had expired he came to Illinois with the deter- 
mination of making his home in the west. About 
1833 he entered a tract of eighty-nine acres in 
Randolph County, upon which he settled. It was 
still in its primitive condition, not a furrow hav- 
ing been turned or an improvement made thereon. 
He devoted some time to its cultivation, butafter- 
ward returned to stearaboating, and the property 
was not further develojied until his father settled 
thereon in 1840. 

In Canton, Ohio, on the 23d of September, 1847, 
Mr. Parrott married Maria Vallat, daughter of 
Francis Vallat, a native of France. The lady was 
born iu that country November 3, 1822, and came 
to the United States three years before her marriage. 
The young couple began their domestic life in Ran- 
dolph County, hut after a short time Mr. Parrott 
sold his property there and came to Monroe 
Count}', locating upon the farm which is still his 
home. He has now resided in this community 
longer than any other of its citizens, and is very 
familiar with the history of the county's develop- 
ment and upbuilding. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Parrott 
were born nine children, of whom two sous and 
three daughters are j'ct living: Virginia, who en- 
tered St. Joseph's Convent in St. Louis, Mo., and 
is now known as Sister M.; Elizabeth, who is Sis- 
ter Superior in St. Joseph's Convent in Tucson, 
Ariz.; J. H., who is engaged in the real-estate bus- 
iness in Kansas City, Kan.; Frank, who aids iu the 
operation of the home farm, Mary C, wife of Nel- 
son Ziebold, who is engaged in the milling busi- 
ness in Red Bud; and Emma Louisa, at home. 

Mr. Parrott owns about fifteen hundred acres of 
land and is one of the largest tax payers in tlie 
county. His success in life has all been achieved 
through bis own efforts, and is therefore well 
merited.- From a humble position in life he has 
worked his way upward to one of affluence. In 
politics he is a stalwart Republican. His first 
Presidential vote was cast for William Henry 



Harrison, and his last for Benjamin Harrison, 
the illustrious grandson of the Tippecanoe hero, 
lie and his family are all members of the Catho- 
lic Church. Their home is one of tlie finest coun- 
try residences in Monroe County, and is the abode 
of hospitality and good cheer. The members of 
tiie liousehold are prominent people and rank high 
in social circles. 



ROF. J. H. GANS, of Red liud, who for 
many years has been devoted to the work 
of instruction, and is well known as an 
educator, was born in Fayette County, 
Pa., in the year 1831, and is a son of John and 
Jaue (Holmes) Gans, who were also natives of the 
Keystone Slate, the fatlier's birth having occurred 
in Fayette County, while the mother was born in 
Carlisle. Their family numbered seven children: 
George, who was a prominent law3'er and served 
as Judge of the Court at Eaton, Ohio, for nine 
3'ears; Amanda, who died in childhood; Joseph, a 
practicing attorney of Richmond, Ind.; J. II., of this 
sketch; Harriet, who is the wife of Dr. Tuttle, of 
Eaton, Ohio; David, wlio joined the boys in blue 
of the Thirty-fifth Ohio Infantry, was made cap- 
tain of his companj', and died in the service; and 
Esther, wife of Capt. John R. Cook, a prominent 
resident of Irontown, Ohio. The Judge was a 
man of more than ordinary ability', who won a 
prominent place in his profession. He wedded 
Miss Maria Morris, a highly educated lady of Fay- 
ette County, Pa. 

In his youth Professor Gans attended the com- 
mon and academical schools of his native coun- 
ty, and in 1854 entered Washington College, of 
Washington County, Pa. Previously, however, 
he had engaged in teaching school in both Penn- 
sylvania and Virginia. He was graduated from 
Wasiiington College in 1858, and then resumed 
teaching, and also took up the study of law at 
Sullivan, Ind., where he was afterward admitted 
to the Bar. Locating in Eaton, Ohio, he there 
continued his law studies with his brother. Judge 
Gans, and was admitted to practice before the Su- 

preme Court of Columbus. Continuing his resi- 
dence in Eaton, he in 1863 became chief clerk un- 
der Captain Denny, in tlie Quartermaster's depart- 
ment, in the Army of the Potomac, and when the 
war closed he located in Logansport, Ind., where 
he engaged in practicing law for about four years. 

In October, 1865, Professor Gans married Mrs. 
S. A. C. O'Brien, nee Colbiirn, a native of Boston, 
Mass., and a daughter of Marcus and Catherine 
(Hubbard) Colburn. Her father was a native of 
Rindge, N. II., and was a son of Josiah Colburn, 
wlio traced his ancestors back to the earl \- Puritans. 
Members of the family fought in the Revolution- 
ary War. The grandparents located in Boston, 
where their son received a fine education. He be- 
came a teacher of music, and was a leading mem- 
ber of the Handel and Hayden Musical Society. 
His family were also fine musicians. He located 
in New York, where for tliirty-two years he taught 
music in the city schools. He had a son, John, 
who was a finely educated man, and one of tlie 
first to leave New York for the gold fields of 
California. The vessel on which he sailed was 
wrecked, and he was picked up by an English ves- 
sel and taken to Australia. He became connected 
with a large commercial compan\% and located on 
the Sandwich Islands. He there married, and at 
his death, which occurred at the early age of thirty- 
three, left a family of two sons and a daughter. 
Mrs. Gans was the second of the Colburn famil3-. 
Marcus died in childhood, and one died in in- 
fancy. By a former husband, Mrs. Colburn had 
one son, George C. Rexford, who succeede(j Mr. 
Colburn as a teacher of music in the schools of 
New York Citj-. He held that position twenty- 
six years. He is a very fine singer, and an accom- 
plished man. In his social relations, Mr. Rexford 
is a Knight Templar. He has one son, George H., 
who is a fine actor, and by his second wife he has 
a daughter. The Colbiu'n family were all origin- 
all}' Congregationalists. They were energetic, 
liigh minded and noble people, who won positions 
of prominence, and in the musical world especially 
they were leaders. 

Like the other members of her family, Mrs. Gans 
was highly educated in music in Boston and New 
York, and under Madame E. Seguin, she studied 



Italian opera. She has taught music in the Po- 
tapsco Female College, near Baltimore, Md., where 
she had formerly been a pupil two years, was Prin- 
cipal of the musical department of the Ontario 
Female College of Canandaigua, N. Y., was Super- 
intendent of the musical department of the Ohio 
Female College at College Hill, Ohio, and after- 
ward was emploj'ed as music teacher in the Pres- 
byterian College, in which both male and female 
students were received. It was there she met and 
married Professor Gans. She afterward accepted 
a position in the Methodist Female College of 
Springfield, Ohio, and later engaged in teaching 
with her husband in St. Louis. 

By a former marriage, jMrs. Gans had two sons. 
The elder, Oswin J. O'Brien, is connected with the 
Riverside Printing Company of St. Louis, as fore- 
man. He is married and has five children: Blanche, 
Oswin, Mabel, Julia and Sybil. The other son, 
Ignatius, died at the age of fourteen j-ears. 

On leaving Logansport, Professor Gans went to 
St. Louis, and for eight years was Principal of one 
of the public schools of that city. He afterward 
served as Superintendent and Principal of the 
schools of Columbia, Jlonroe County, for five years, 
and then came to Red Bud in 1883, where, with 
the exception of one j'ear, he has been engaged in 
teaching continuously since. After leaving St. 
Louis, he was employed as a teacher in the Salem 
Academy, at Salem, Ark., for about eighteen 
months, and at Frederick, Mo., for one year. 
While in California, in the winter of 1891-92, he 
taught at Los Gatos, Santa Clara County. In Feb- 
ruar\', 1892, his wife went to Honolulu, and the 
Queen of the Sandwich Islands favored her with 
a reception. While there she made a special studj' 
of the natives of that country, their customs and 
habits, and since her return has delivered a num- 
ber of lectures concerning them. 

In his political views, the Professor has been a 
Republican since the organization of the party. 
While in Arkansas, he was appointed County Su- 
perintendent of Schools. In the fall of 1890, he 
was the candidate for that office on the Republican 
ticket in Randolph County. Socially, he is con- 
nected with the Masonic fraternity and with the 
Ancient Order of United Workmen. Both he and 

his wife are members of the Presbyterian Church. 
Culture, education and more than ordinary abil- 
ity have made them prominent people in literary 
and social circles, and Professor Gans and his wife 
are among the leading spirits in the circles of so- 
ciety in Randolph County. 



^^\ HARLES II. BOEDEKER, a lumber iner- 
(l( ^ chant and dealer in agricultural imple- 
^^/ ments in Red Bud, came to this place in 
1875 from Monroe County, 111., where his birth 
occurred. He was born in 1854, and was the third 
in order of birth in a family of five children, who 
grew to mature years. The parents were Fred and 
Christine Boedeker. 

Our subject spent the days of boyhood and 
youth upon his father's farm, attending the com- 
mon schools through the winter season, while in 
the summer months he aided in the labors of the 
field. When he had arrived at man's estate he 
bade adieu to home and friends and came to Red 
Bud, where he at once embarked in the lumber 
business in partnership with his brother Henry. 
Together they carried on operations for about 
eight years, when in the year 1883 Charles H. 
Boedeker purchased his brother's interest and 
has since carried on the trade under his own 
name. He devotes his entire time and attention 
to the business and is therefore a successful dealer. 
He carries a good assortment of all kinds of lum- 
ber, and by straightforward dealing and courteous 
treatment of his customers he has secured a liberal 
patronage. Since becoming sole proprietor of the 
business he has also dealt in farm implements, 
handling threshers, engines, binders, mowers, etc. 

In 1875 Mr. Boedeker was united in marriage 
with Miss Christiana Dann,a representative of one 
of the early pioneer families of Monroe County, 
111., and a cultured lady, who wins friends where- 
ever she goes. Five children have been born of 
their union, but two are now deceased. Those 
yet living are Tillie, Ardine and Elsie. Mr. and 
Mrs. Boedeker are widely known throughout this 
community, where they have now resided for al- 



most twenty yeare, and in social circles they hold 
an enviable position. 

In politics Mr. Boedeker is inde|)endent, casting 
his vote for the man whom he thinks best quali- 
fied for the office, regardless of party affiliations. 
In religious belief he and his wife are Lutherans. 
Mr. Boedeker is recognized as a man of good busi- 
ness abilitv, wide-awake and enterprising, and his 
diligence, sagacit}' and well directed efforts have 
brought him a deserved success. Tiie community 
recognizes in him a valued citizen, for he ever 
takes an active part in all that pertains to the 
welfare of the community and the promotion of 
its best interests. 

3****^^ ♦*•{••!•= 

^AVID A. FOSTER, who is now living a 
retired life, and is one of the pioneers of 
Randolph County-, was in early 3'ears a 
progressive farmer of township 4, range 5, 
and rose to a prominent position in agricultural 
affairs. His fine estate, located on section 31, he 
has divided among his children, and is now living 
retired from active work. 

Robert Foster, the father of our subject, was a 
native of Abigail District, S. C., where his birth 
occurred Februarj- 13, 1785. Grandfather Samuel 
Foster came from Ireland, and when a 3'Oiing man 
located in the above place, where ho remained 
until death. The mother of our subject, whose 
maiden name was Susan McClinton, was also a 
native of South Carolina, her birth occurring in 
1793. Sh§ came to Illinois in compan3' with her 
father, John McClinton. The latter was a native 
of South Carolina, and after coming to Randolph 
County, made his home in the old Irish settlement 
near Preston. 

The father of our subject rcnioved to this state 
in 1807, and the following year married, and lo- 
cated on what is now known as the John .Shuline 
])lace. When he took possession of the property 
it was one unbroken stretcli of brush and timber, 
but by means of inexhaustible energj' and good 
business judgment he cleared the land and resided 
upon it until his decease, February 12, 1821. His 
good wife, who became the mother of nine chil- 

dren, died in 1829. Of that large family only two 
are now living: William, who makes his home in 
Sparta Precinct, this county; and our subject. 
The deceased are Samuel, John, James A., Parme- 
lia, Elizabeth Jane, Nanc^', and one who died in 
infancy. After the death of his lirst wife, the fa- 
ther of our subject married Sarah Kell. 

()\ir subject was born January 13, 1822, on the 
old homestead in this county-, where he attended 
the pioneer subscription schools and was reared to 
manhood. Having been doubly orphaned when 
nine years of age, he made his home with his eld- 
est brother until reaching his fourteen tii your, when 
he began life on his own account. His lirst work 
was in Sparta, where he was emploj'cd in a butcher 
shop, receiving for his services ^1 per day. 

!n 1844, David A. Foster married Miss Rebecca 
M., daughter of Hugh C. and Nanc^" M. (Askins) 
Gault, natives respectively of North Carolina and 
Virginia. The}' were living in Tennessee at the 
time of their marriage, and removed to Illinois in 
1831, locating on section 18, townsliip 4, range 5, 
Randolph County. After residing there for many 
years they removed to Eden, where their dece.ose 
occurred. Mrs. Foster was born January 17, 1823, 
in Lincoln County, Tenn., and after her union with 
our subject, moved into the little log house on 
section 18, in which thej' continued to live until 
1850. In that year Mr. Foster removed to section 
31, where his wife's death occurred Februarj- 23, 
1884. Had she lived three d.\ys longer she would 
have completed the fortieth year of her wedded 

To our subject and his wife were born nine chil- 
dren, seven of whom are living. The first death 
in the faniil3' occurred -in 1880, when Miss Min- 
erva, ayoung lad}' of nineteen years, departed this 
life. Nancy, the wife of Hugh Clark, is also de- 
ceased. Those living are, Robert, William S., 
John C, Samuel McClinton, Mary E., Susan E. 
and Ilaltie F. Our suliject's fine estate, which 
comprised one hundred and twenty acres, has been 
divided among his children, with whom he makes 
his home. He is a devoted member of the United 
Presbj'terian Church. He is President of the 
Sparta Precinct Dei)artment of the Old Settlers' 
Association, and has been a member of the Good 



Templars' order for many years. lie takes an in- 
terest in political affairs, and has always voted the 
straight Republican ticket. He lias frequently 
been a delegate to conventions, and May 4, 1863, 
was one of three sent to represent Randolph Coun- 
t3' in the State Union League held at Springfield. 

^^1 NDREW DOUGLAS. The name of Doug- 
w£M las belongs to one of the most ancient 

/// ii and powerful noble families of Scotland. 
^1 According to one tradition the family is 

descended from one Theobald, to whom Arnold, 
Abbot of Kelso, made a grant of land on the 
Douglas, or Black AVater, in Lanarkshire, about 
the middle of the twelfth centur\-. Another story 
relates that their progeiiitf>r was an unknown 
chief, who received as a reward for success in 
battle, land in tlie same locality about 770 A. D. 
The best historians, however, trace the recor(J 
back no farther than to William D. Douglas, 1175 
to 1213. From him in direct descent come the 
men who have made the name of Douglas il- 
lustrious. "The good Sir .Tames" fought with 
Bruce at Bannockburn, and commanded a part of 
the Scottish army. After tlie death of Bruce, he 
was intrusted with the King's heart, which was to 
be taken to the IIol}^ Land, but on the way thither 
he was killed by the Saracens. The Douglases be- 
came a powerful family, and in the fifteenth cen- 
tury there was a proverb extant, "No man may 
touch a Douglas nor a Douglas' man, for if he do he 
is sure to come b3- the waur." The Angus branch 
of the Douglas family became especially famous, 
and to its members was granted the right to cast 
the first vote in Parliament, to lead the vanguard 
in battle and to bear the crown in public solemni- 
ties. This last right was held by the family up to 
the present century. On the field of battle and 
in public service the Douglas family has. been 
prominent, until the name is found on almost 
every page of Scottish history. They became di- 
vided into two branches, the Black and the Red 

Andrew Douglas, of this sketch, was descended 
from the latter, who followed peaceful avocations 

more than the warrior's life. Springing up at a 
wild and romantic period in early Scottish his- 
tory, the line is descended through a succession of 
powerful and warlike chiefs, who were connected 
with every hard-fought battle of their countr}-. 
The vitality- of the family has been maintained in 
a wonderful degree. In later years its members 
have become prominent in science, law and states- 
manship, and man}' of its worthy representatives 
are numbered among American people. 

Mr. Douglas whose name heads this record was 
born in Roxburglishire, Scotland, only five miles 
from the English border. There occurred the 
battle of Chevy Chase, between Earl Douglas and 
Lord Percy. This is celebrated in an old English 
ballad. The date of our subject's birth was July 
Ifi, 1818, and his parents were James and Janet 
(Lowrie) Douglas. He obtained his earl}- educa- 
tion in the schools of the neighborhood, which he 
attended until twelve years of age. The family 
numbered three sons and three daughters. The 
father was a farmer and miller. Andrew remained 
at home until twenty-five years of age, when he 
determined to seek a home in America. He was 
then joined b}' other members of the family, and 
in 1843 they landed in New York City. At once 
they came to Randolph Count}', III., where an 
uncle. Lot liouglas, had settled twelve years be- 
fore. The family rented land for a time. 

In January, 1848, Andrew Douglas wedded Eliza, 
daughter of .lohii Craig, one of the early settlers 
of this county. She was born in Paisley, Scot- 
land, May 13, 180'.), and came to America in 1840. 
The young couple began their domestic life upon a 
farm which M^-. Douglas had previously purchased. 
They became the parents of two sons and three 
daughters: John, who married Eliza Towsley and 
lives in this county; Eliza, wife of John Chaplin; 
Andrew, who operates the old homestead; Sarah 
J., who became the wife of Charles Livsey, who 
died February 5, 1888, since which time she has 
lived with her mother; and Beulah M., who mar- 
ried Frank Labriere and lives near Chester. 

In 1846 Mr. Douglas bought one hundred and 
twenty acres of land and entered other tracts, 
transforming the raw prairie into rich and fertile 
fields. In the home farm were three hundred and 



sixty acres, and in all he owned eight hundred 
acres of valuable land in Randolph Connt3". He 
was a man of good business abilit.v, and industry 
and enterprise were numbered among his chief 
characteristics. lie inherited also some of the best 
qualilios for wliicli the Douglas family was noted, 
and throughout this communit}' he was regarded 
as a man of sterling worth and strict integrity. 
He passed away March 19, 1879. 

\1L^ ENKY BOLLIXGER, of Steeleville, is rec- 
lj)|i ognized as one of tlie leading business 
i^y^^ men of tliat place, a man prominent in pub- 
(^) lie affairs and in all that pertains to the 
best interests of the community. Tiie record of 
his life is as follows: He was born in Switzerland 
September 1, 1833, and is a sou of Henrj' and An- 
nie (Walter) Bollinger, wiio were also natives of 
that country, and who there spent their entire 
lives. Henry engaged in the grocery business and 
was a successful merchant and business man. 

Our subject attended the public schools of Switz- 
erland until he had attjiined the age of fourteen, 
when he left the school room to serve an appren- 
ticeship in a watch case manufactory. He there 
continued for a term of four j-ears, during which 
time he thoroughly mastered the business. At 
length he determined to seek a home bc3-ond the 
Atlantic, hoping thereby to benefit his financial 
condition. It was in 1853 that he crossed the 
brinj' deep, landing at New Orleans, whence 
he made his way northward to Chester, 111. As 
his health was somewhat impaired and he did not 
wish to engage in indoor labor, he worked at any 
emploj-ment which he could find for six months, 
and then went to Evansvilie,Ill., where he learned 
the cooper's trade, following the same until 1858. 
In that year, Mr. Bollinger returned on a visit 
to his native land, and spent some time among the 
friends of his childhood and the scenes of his 3'outii. 
On his return he resumed work at the cooper's trade 
in Evansville, where he continued until tlie break- 
ing out of the late war, wlien, {)rompted by patriotic 
impulses, he responded to the country's call for 
troops, enlisting in Company B, Twentj'-fourth 

Illinois Infantry. He was mustered in at Alton, 
and was in active service for three j'ears. At the 
battle of Chickamauga he received a gunshot 
wound through the left leg and was confined to 
the hospital for three months, after which he re- 
joined his regiment. His old wound, however, 
still troubles him. He was ever found at his post 
of duty, faithful to the Old Flag and the cause it 
represented, and when the war over he was 
honorably discharged, being mustered out at Chi- 

Mr. Bollinger was married December 27. 1865, 
to Amelia Giesemau, daughter of Heury and Sophia 
Gieseman, who emigrated from Germany to Amer- 
ica in an earlj' daj*. To our subject and his wife 
have been born sis children, and the family yet re- 
mains unbroken. They are, Herman, Annie, Albert 
(a prominent attorney of Waterloo, III.), Heniy, 
Edward and Oscar. 

Mr. Bollinger is a member of Chester Lodge No. 
57, I. O. O. F., and of the Grand Army post of 
Steeleville. His wife belongs to the Lutheran 
Church. In politics he has been a Republican 
since attaining his majorit}'. On his return from 
tlie war he resumed the coopering business in 
Evansville, 111., where he continued until Januaiy 
1, 1865, when he came to Steeleville, and here he 
has since made his home. During the first year and 
a-half he can led on coopering and then embarked 
in the sale of malt liquors and in the hotel business. 
He is still engaged in the former business, and is 
recognized as one of the leading citizens and bus- 
iness men of this place. 

'jf'OSEPH M. ARNIN is a dealer in general 
■ merchandise at the southwest corner of 
^^ Main and Church Streets, Columbia. He 
^^!f/ has been part owner in this store since 
1887, and has been sole proprietor for more than 
three j'ears. He carries a fine line of goods, and 
b}' fair and honest dealing and courteous treat- 
ment of his patrons has secured a large trade. He 
is ranked among the leading business men of the 
city, and as such we present him to our readers. 
Mr. Arnin was bom March 19, 1860. His fa- 



ther, Johii Arnin, was a native of Baden, Germany, 
and in 1855 he crossed the Atlantic to the New 
World. He located lirst in St. Louis, but after a 
short time came to Columbia, where he was em- 
ployed as a farm hand. A year later he secured a 
situation as engineer in a mill, and filled that po- 
sition for the long period of a quarter of a cen- 
turj', or until his retirement from active business 
life in 1890. He was married in Columbia to Miss 
Annie Harm.aceii, daughter of George Ilarmacek, 
who was born in Bohemia, Prussia, and on coming 
to this countr}', in 1847, settled in Cairo, 111., whence 
he came to this place. He was a stone mason. 
Unto Mr. and Mre. Arnin were born four children, 
of whom two are living, Joseph M. and Louisa. 

Our subject spent the d.a3-s of his bo^'hood and 
youth in his parents' home, and in the public schools 
acquired his education. When that was completed 
he spent three years in clerking for J. P. Ebel. 
On the expiration of that period he went to St. 
Louis, where he was empld_ved as a salesman by 
Otto Kerner, a dr^'-goods merchant on Broad- 
way. He afterward clerked for William Neuen, 
and then returned to Columbia. For ten j'ears 
he was a salesman in the employ of Reid & 
Scheuler. When the junior partner died, Mr. 
Arnin purchased an interest in the business, which 
was conducted under the firm name of Reid vfe Ar- 
nin for three years, when our subject bought out 
his partner and has since been sole proprietor. 

In 1882, Mr. Arnin was joined in wedlock with 
Miss Lizzie, daughter of Philip Cupferschmidt. a 
baker of Columbia. The lad^' is a native of St. 
Louis. Bj' their union they have live children: 
John,' Bertha, Arthur, Harry and Olivia. The 
family- is one well known in this community, and 
its members hold an enviable position in social 
circles. Mr. Arnin votes with the Republican 
party, and is now serving as one of the Trustees 
of Columbia. For the past eight years he has 
been an efficient member of the Board of Educa- 
tion. Sociall}', he is connected with the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen, of which be is Treas- 
urer, and is Senior Warden of the Masonic lodge 
of this place. In 1892, Mr. Arnin erected the 
large two-story building in which he now does 
business. His store room is 28x90 feet, and he 

also has a large wareroom. He was also one of 
the originators of the electric light company. 
An enterprising and progressive man, he has aided 
materially in the upbuilding of the city and the 
promotion of its best interests. He is numbered 
among its leading business men, a place which is 
well deserved, for he has worked his way upward 
by merit, and his success is but the just reward of 
his efforts. 

■ • — ^D i^P — • 

ULIUS WELGE, a prosperous general agri- 
culturist and successful stock-raiser, is resid- 
ing upon one of the best farms in town- 
^_^ ship 7, range 6, Randolph Count}-. Like 
manj^ of the best residents .of his section, he is a 
native of Germany, and was born July 15, 1830. 
He is the son of Hartwig and Christina (Meyer) 
Welge, also natives of the Fatherland, where they 
were farmers b}' occupation. 

Julius, of this sketch, attended school in his 
native land until reaching his fourteenth year, and 
after leaving the school room he worked at various 
trades, and finally decided to become a carpenter. 
When reaching his majorit}', however, his plans 
were frustrated, as he entered the German army and 
served his country for three years as a soldier. At 
the expiration of that time he made his way 
to America, and finally coming to Chester, he 
worked for nine years for the H. C. Cole Milling 
Company. Later he was emplo3'ed for two years 
by Thomas Holmes, who was also engaged in the 
milling business, and in wliatever position he was 
called upon to occupy he always gave the utmost 
satisfaction. Mr. Wclge has been a verj^ hard 
working man, and a few j'ears ago he purchased the 
farm on section 16, where he is now living, and is 
engaged as a general agriculturist. 

In 1857 our subject and Miss Vena, daughter of 
Burnhard and Dora (Segteg) Olendorf, were 
united in marriage. The parents of Mrs. Welge 
came to Randolph County in an earlj- day, and 
were ranked among the best citizens in township 
7, range 6. To- our subject and his wife were born 
nine children, one of whom died in infancy. 
Those living are, Ida, wife of William Vieregge; 
Augusta, who married Adolph Welge; Otto, who 



married Mary Heitkamp; Lucetto, tlie wife of 
Cliarles Hartenberger; Julhis, Dena, Signuin and 
Charles, at home. Mr. Welge and famil3' are ac- 
tive members of the Lutheran Church. In poli- 
tics he is a Democrat, and in every enterprise to 
which lie gives his support lie maintains a deep 
and unwavering interest. Ihe patient industry- 
and tireless perseverance of our subject have been 
the marked characteristics of his life, and combined 
with his natural ability have given him an impetus 
upward, which will result in his assured financial 

[(S)^ ^Mih .(Sj 



^^EORGE B. COREY. Through the good 
jll (=^ management of his farming affairs in gen- 
^:^l eral, the subject of this sketch has demon- 
strated the fact that skdl and labor combined pro- 
duce the best results. He is the owner of about 
four hundred acres in Jackson County, and makes 
his home on section 13, Somerset Township, where 
lie has resided for many years. As an agriculturist 
and business man, he stands liigli in the confidence 
of the people, whose regard he has won by lionor- 
able dealings and genial courtes}-. 

The parents of our subject, Levi and Sarah 
(Gross) Corey, were natives of Massachusetts, and 
the latter, tradition saj-s, was a descendant of 
French ancestors. Grandfather Gross assisted in 
the construction of the American ship known as 
"Ironsides." For several generations the Corey 
family resided in Massachusetts, where they be- 
came well and favorably known as patriotic and 
loj'al citizens. Two of that name fought in the 
Revolutionary War, one being killed at Bunker 
Hill, where the other gallantly led his troops as 
Captain. Another uncle of our subject, Asel Corey, 
participated in the War of 1812. 

The subject of this sketch was born in Worces- 
ter County, Mass., August 10, 1831, and was reared 
to manhood in the place of his birth. At the age 
of sixteen he comn.euced to learn the drug busi- 
ness, which he followed for several years. Edu- 
cated in the common .and liisjfh schools, he hassup- 

plemented the knowledge there obtained by ex- 
tensive reading, and is now a well informed man, 
posted upon all general topics of interest. In 
1857 he came to Illinois, locating in .lackson Coun- 
ty, and two jears later purchased his present farm, 
then situated in the midst of a dense forest. Fort}- 
acres had been partially cleared, and to the clear- 
ing and cultivation of the remainder of the tract 
lie gave his time for mauj- years. His first home 
was a frame house containing two rooms, to which 
he has since added until he now occupies a pleas- 
ant and commodious residence. 

August 1, 1862, the name of George B. Corey enrolled as a member of Company K, Seventy- 
third Illinois Infantry, which became a pait of tht 
Army of the Cumberland. With his regiment he 
fought in numerous engagements, including those 
of Perry ville and Stone River. At the latter place 
he was severely- injured, and is now in receipt of a 
pension of *12 per montli. At the close of the 
war he was honorably disclmiged, June 30, 186.5, 
and returning to Illinois, took np the pursuits of 
peace. His career as a soldier was one of which he 
ma}^ well be proud. Enlisting as a private, he af- 
terward served as Fourth Sergeant of his company, 
and for a time filled the position of Hospital Stew- 
ard'at Jsashville, Tenn. He was instrumental in 
the organization of Worthen Post No. 128, G. A. 
R.. of which he was Commander for three years. 

The lad\- who, Februaiy 28, 1801, became the 
wife of George B. Corej' bore the maiden name of 
Rebecca Friedlinc, and was born in Somerset Coun- 
ty, Pa., April 22, 1842. Her parents, Daniel and 
Rachel Friedline, natives of Penns^ivania, are now 
deceased. To our subject and his wife there have 
been born three children: Addie V., who is the 
wife of G. II. Will, a resident of De Soto Town- 
ship; Kate D., the wife of Frank G. Procunier, of 
Chicago; and Sarah L. G. Mrs. Corey is identified 
with the Lutheran Cluirch, and is a devoted Chris- 
tian lady. 

In politics a stanch advocate of Republican prin- 
ciples, Mr. Corey has been elected on the ticket of 
that part}- to numerous positions of influence and 
honor. He served as Highway Commissioner and 
Clerk of Somerset Township, and in 1890 filled 
the position of United States Census Commissioner 


^i^V Tt^ rT'-. . ^ 

"='"^'^3 ' 











of this township. As a citizen he gives his sup- 
port to all measures for the benefit of the commu- 
nit}', and is a inan who occupies a high place in 
tlie regard of all who know him. 


and prominent business man of Chester, 

^J where he is residing at the present time. He 
was born in Washington County, this state, .July 13, 
1834, and is a son of Harvey and Aly (Haryman) 
Neville, natives respectivelj' of Kentucky and 
Tennessee. The mother was twelve xeai'S of age 
when her parents removed to Washington County, 
where she met and married Ilarvej' Neville. Her 
death occurred in 1874. A man of patriotic spirit 
and great courage, the elder Mr. Neville served as 
a soldier in the Black Hawk War. He iield the rank 
of First Lieutenant in the Mexican War, enlisting 
in 1848. During the Civil War, though advanced 
in J'ears, he went to the front with the bo^'s in 
blue and rendered valiant service to the cause of 
the Union as Captain of Company H, Twenty-sec- 
ond Illinois Regiment. Returning to Kandolph 
Count}', he remained here until his death, wliich 
occurred in 1878, at the age of sevent3--four 3-eai-s. 

On the paternal side our subject is of French 
descent, while his inotlier's famil}- is of German 
origin. He is one of six survivors of a large fam- 
ily of children. He attended the common schools 
of liis native county, and in 1851, after coming to 
Chester, continued his studies in this city. Later 
he entered JIcKendree College, and after a two 
3-ears' course in that institution began life on his 
own account by engaging in mechanical engin- 

The lad}' whom our subject married August 7. 
1857, was Miss Mary E., daughter of Robert Mann, 
of this city. When establishing a home of his 
own he made Chester his permanent abiding place, 
and became owner of the steamer "Belle of Ches- 
ter," a ferr}' boat plying between this place and 
Clary ville. He owns the steamer "Nick Sauer," a 
packet running from Chester up the Kaskaskia 

Of the seven children born to our subject and his 
wife, five are now living, namel}": May Phonetta, 

the wife of John D. Gerlach, whose sketch appears 
on another page of this record; .Joseph T., Cap- 
tain of the steamer "Nick Sauer;" Edith E., wife of 
Benjamin L. Simpson, of Columbus, Ohio; .Jennie 
A. and William AV.,at home. The wife and mother 
died in 1890, at the age of fifty-nine 3'ears. In his 
l)olitica! relations Mr. Neville is a strong Rei)ub- 
lican and always casts his vote for the candidates of 
that part}-. He is a member of Chester Lodge No. 
72, A. F. & A. M., and is also identified with H. 
G. Reynolds Chapter No. 84, R. A. M. In 1892 
he erected a beautiful residence in Chester, where 
he and his two youngest children entertain their 
hosts of friouds. 


\|, OHN BERNARD LONERGAN, an influen- 
tial farmer of Ruma Precinct, Randolph 
County, was born on a steamer on the Missis- 
sippi River, May 29, 1835, when his parents, 
Michael and Bridget (O'Rciley) Lonergan, were 
going from Memphis, Tenn., to St. Louis. His 
father was born in County Tipperary, Ireland, 
and crossed the Atlantic when a boy. After spend- 
ing some time in Canada, he came to the States 
and made his home in Potlsvillc, Pa., and later in 
Philadelphia. Subsequently he went to New Or- 
leans, thence to St. Louis, and in 1836 came to 
Randoli)h Couuty on a prospecting tour and pur- 
chased land, on wliich it was his intention to lo- 
cate the following spring. His death during that 
winter, however, prevented the fruition of his 
plans. Later, his widow, with the family, settled 
on a farm in this county, and there resided until 
her decease, in 1853. Three brothers of our sub- 
ject's father accompanied him on his trip to Hli- 
nois,and also located in this county, where one is a 
cooi)er, another a shoemaker, and the third a gun- 
smith and engineer. William Lonergan, an uncle 
of our subject, very wealthy, and died in St. 
Louis when seventy-four years of age. 

The subject of this sketch was one of three chil- 
dren born to his parents, of whom his brother 
William resides in Cairo, in this state, and Michael 
is deceased. He was reared in this county, where 
he received a limited education. At nineteen 
years of age he went to Louisiana, Mo., and while 



there married Miss Jane Williams, the date of their 
union being October 21, 1860. The following 
year Mr. Lonergan returned to this county, where 
his wife died in 1881. The five children of which 
she became the mother were named, Bridget L., 
Maggie, Sarah E., Cliristena and Laura E. 

The lady whom our subject chose as his second 
wife was Miss Eliza Blaiz. Slie is tlie daughter of 
Expedient and Margaret A. Blaiz, and was born 
August 15, 1847. Five cliildren were born of 
this union, one of whom, Henrj', is deceased. 
Those living are Julian, Aggie, Josephine and 
Charles. An industrious man and a reliable citi- 
zen, ]Mr. Lonergan is respected as he deserves by 
his fellow-citizens. He has held many positions of 
trust, has done efficient service as a member 
of the School Board for nine years, and has also 
been Road Supervisor for four terms. He held the 
office of Justice of the Peace, and was Constable 
for four years. In ])olitics he alwa3's votes with 
the Democratic part}-, casting his first ballot for 
Stephen A. Douglas. He is linown and respected 
for the honest3^ and sincerity of his character, and 
has been administrator for several valuable estates 
in the countj-. He owns a farm of one hundred 
and sixty acres in Monroe County, this state. 
This property is occupied by tenants, and has been 
improved by neat buildings and good fencing. 

l/OHN M. SCIIROEDER. Perhaps no very 
thrilling event has happened in the life of 
tliis steady-going and reliable citizen, but 
_ he is one of those who have assisted in es- 
tablishing the financial prosperity of Jackson 
County and upholding the standard of morality. 
His life occupation has been that of a farmer, in 
whicli he has been very successful, accumulating a 
valuable properly and fortifying himself against 
the days when he may wish to retire from active 
labor. His homestead lies in the southern portion 
of .Somerset Township, and with its well tilled 
fields, substantial buildings and general air of 
comfort, forjns an attractive picture in the land- 
scape of that region. 

A native of Prussia, the subject of this sketch 

was born February 2, 1833, and is a son of Henry 
and Elizabeth Schroeder, natives of Germany. At 
the age of eight j'ears he was orphaned by his 
mother's death, and three years afterward, in com- 
[jany witii his father and the other members of the 
family, iie emigrated to America, taking passage on 
a sailing-vessel and arriving in New Orleans after a 
tedious v03'age of about forty days. From that 
city the family went north to St. Louis, and after 
a short sojourn there, removed to St. Clair Count}^ 
111., in 1844, settling near Belleville, when that 
now nourishing cit}' was a small village. Soon 
after locating there the father died. He is sur- 
vived by tlie following children: Elizabeth, wife 
of Michael Seifert,a residentof Pen-}' County, III.; 
John M., of this sketch; Michael J., living in Du- 
(juoin. III., and Adam, whose home is in .St. Clair 
County, this state. 

Owing to the death of his father, our subject was 
in 3'outh thrown upon his own resources and was 
obliged to be self-supporting. His educational ad- 
vantages were therefore limited. For a time he at- 
tended a subscription school in St. Clair C'ount3'. 
Tlie schoolhouse was built of logs; slabs and planks 
were utilized for seats, upon which the 3'outhful 
seekers after knowledge passed the tedious hours. 
When necessar3' to heat the room, a fire was built 
in the large firepl.ace, and the smoke was coaxed 
to ascend outward b3' means of a stick and mud 
chimney, all not escaping in that way finding 
ready access to the outer air throirgh the numerous 
cracks in the walls. 

Although his school facilities were so meagre, 
3-et Mr. Schroeder there laid the foundation of 
the love of learning that remains with him to the 
present time, and b3' abundant and judiciousl3' 
selected reading he has supplied the lack of a bet- 
tereducation in liis 3'Outh. In 1853 he went to 
California via New Orleans and the Isthmus of 
Panama, and for two and one-half years engaged 
in working in the gold mines of that state, meet- 
ing with fair success. He returned home b3' prac- 
tically the same route as he went, and resumed 
farming operations in St. Clair Count3', where he 
remained until 1887. That 3ear witnessed his ar- 
rival in Jackson County and his location in Som- 
erset Township. In 1891 he came to the farm 



where he now resides. He is the owner of eighty 
acres of valuable land, and his wife also owns an 
eighty-acre tract. 

The first marriage of Mr. Schroeder united him 
with Looma Wildernian, who became the mother 
of four children: Lulu, wife of M. Bollion; Maggie, 
a teacher in the public schools of St. Clair Coun- 
ty; .Joseph, living in Murphysboro, 111.; and Eliza- 
beth, wife of H. Bost. The present wife of 
Mr. Schroeder bore the maiden name of Alice 
n. Wilderman, and their union has resulted in 
the birth of one child, John. Since coming to 
Jackson County, our subject has been active!}' 
identified with Somerset Grange No. 370, and for 
several years has served as Master of the lodge. 
While residing in St. Clair County he served as 
Master[lof St. Clair Lodge No. 24, A. F. &r A. M., 
at Belleville, and is now identififed with the lodge 
at Murphysboro. At the time of the laying of the 
corner stone of the present state capitol at Spring- 
field he was present, having been a delegate from 
the Masonic order of St. Clair Count}'. In pol- 
itics he is a stanch adherent of the Democratic 
party. Having learned the trade of chair-m(jking 
in that city, for several years he manufactured 
chairs there, and at one time employed as high as 
thirty laborers and mechanics in the business. 

<XI '5"H"i"i"»-i"i'»-i"i"S' ^ -t"»'{"i"i"i"3"i'»*'H' !?C> 

,OBERT II. MANN. One of tlie most hon- 
ored citizens of Chester is the gentleman 
whose personal history is outlined in these 
)^) columns, and who for many years has 
been intimately associated with the progress of 
Randolph County. He presents a marked type of 
the energetic, patriotic and sturdy sons of the 
great west — suaviter in modo, fortiter in re — with 
whom the high sense of duty stands first in every 
relation of life. Progressive in thought, and en- 
dowed by nature with a strong character and de- 
cision of purpose, he has achieved a success of 
which he is worthy, and which is the deserved re- 
ward of his energetic efforts. 

Born in Randolph County, HI., August 26, 1833, 
our subject is the son of Robert and Salina M. 
(Balch) Mann, natives respectively of South Caro- 

lina and Tennessee. His father came to this coun- 
ty in 1817, and settled near Preston, where he en- 
ergetically entered upon the task of clearing and 
improving a farm, meeting with considerable suc- 
cess in his labors as a tiller of the soil. In 1851 
he settled in Chester, where he continued to live 
in retirement until his death in 1878. 

In his youth, tlie subject of this sketch was a 
student in the private schools of Randolph County, 
after which he conducted his studies in a Ger- 
man school in this place. Entering upon his ac- 
tive business career, he became a clerk in the em- 
ploy of H. C. Cole <fe Co., with whom he remained 
for six years. In 1857 he embarked in the real- 
estate business, which he conducted successfully 
until the outbreak of the Civil War. At the open; 
ing of that conflict, he enlisted as a member of 
Company I, Tenth iHinois Infantry, Col. James D. 
Morgan commanding. In March, 1862, his regi- 
ment was incorporated with the Army of the Mis- 
sissippi, under General Pope. 

Among the important engagements in which 
Mr. Mann participated were those of New Madrid 
and Island No. 10, after which he was ordered to 
Arkansas, and from there proceeded to Pittsburg 
Landing and Corinth, taking part in those mem- 
orable battles. He afterward marched through 
various parts of Mississippi, and going into camp 
at Big Springs, remained there until July 20, 1862. 
He was ordered thence to Tuscumbia, Ala., to guard 
the line of the Memphis ife Charlestown Railroad, 
where he remained until the latter part of Septem- 
ber, 1862. Next he accompanied his regiment in- 
to Tennessee, and in July, 1863, was ordered to 
New Fosterville, on the N.ashville ik Chattanooga 
Railroad, where he remained for one month after 
the battle of Mission Ridge and the East Tennessee 

In JanuaiT, 1864, the regiment re-enlisted, and 
then was given a thirty days' furlough, atQuincy, 
III. Proceeding to the front, Mr. ]\Iann took part 
in the Atlanta campaign and in the inarch to the 
sea, and afterward was taken sick at Savannah. For 
meritorious conduct he was promoted to the rank 
of First Lieutenant. He was on staff duty the 
greater part of his service, in which capacity he 
was serving at the time of his discharge. His rec- 



ord as a soldier is cliaracteiized b_v tiie loftiest pa- 
triotism and most unwavering courage, and is one 
of which his friends may well be proud. 

Returning to the pursuits of civi<!life,Mr. JIann 
resumed his real-estate business, in which he has 
since engaged. lie has considerable valuable prop- 
erty in Chester and vicinity for sale, and is also 
tlic agent for land owned b^' eastern parties. In 
politics, he supports the Republican party. So- 
cially, he is identified with Chester Lodge No. 57, 
I. O. O. F., of whicli he is the oldest member, liav- 
ing united witli the lodge May 10, 1855. lie is 
also connected witli Randolph Encampment No. 
55. As would be supposed, he is prominent in tlie 
Grand Army of the Republic, and holds mem- 
bership in Swaiiwick Post No. 212, of which he 
has been Commander for some time. A man of 
sound judgment, moved bj' honest purpose and 
love for the general welfare of the people, he is 
always found identified with the right, and as 
migiit be expected, is popular with liis fellow-citi- 


IZEKIEL15ARBER. Randolph County fur- 
nished its full (juota of noble men to the 
I' — ^ rank and file of the Union armj-, among 
whom our subject occui)ied an honorable place. 
He is now one of the prominent business men of 
Sparta, where he is engaged in the real-estate busi- 
ness, and has been administrator for many valu- 
able estates. Mis father. Ezekiel Barber, was born 
November 22, 1802, in Marietta, Ohio, and was 
onl}' two and a-half years old when he brought 
by his parents to this county, they settling in Ellis 

The father was a farmer by occupation, and bj' 
tr.ade a millwright. He received an education such 
as it was possible to procure in that earlj- day. His 
death occurred four months prior to the birth of 
our subject. He was the son of Alexander and 
Nancy (Dennis) I'arber, natives respectively' of 
Connecticut and Pennsylvania. The grandparents 
were married in Ohio, and after coming to Illi- 
nois, located in Randolph County. The^y had 
started for Missouri, which was the home of Daniel 
Boone, but being taken sick while en route, re- 

turned to Kaskaskia, 111., where he died. He was 

a Whig in politics, and served as Justice of the 
Peace for over h.alf a ceiiturv, being appointed 
by Governor Edwards in 1809, and filled the 
oHice until 18G0. 

The great-grandparents of our subject, Ezekiel 
and Sour!inc3' Barber, were also natives of Connec- 
ticut, whence tho\- later removed to Ohio, and 
from there to Illinois, making their home at Eilis 
Grove, this countj', until their death. The great- 
grandfather was a stone-cutter b}- trade, and a 
farmer by occupation, and served as a soldier in 
the Revolutionary War, being present at the bat- 
tle of Trenton. He was a member of the Presby- 
terian Church. The Barber family, which is of 
Scotch descent, was first represented in America 
about 1700. 

Mrs. Jennie (Murphy) Barber, the mother of our 
subject, was born in North Carolina in 1797. She a j-oung lad}- of eighteen years when she 
came to tliis county, and a daughter of John 
Murphy, a native of Ireland, and a brick-layer 
b}' trade, who, while a patriot in the Revolution- 
ary War, participated in the battle of Kings Jloun- 
! tain. He and his wife defiarted this life in Perry 
I Countj-, 111. The mother of our subject died in 
j June, 1877, while a resident of Carroll County, 
this state. 

The parents of our subject were married in 
1823, and reared a famil^^ of two children. Alex- 
ander, formerly a resident of Grafton, this stale, 
died in 1888. He married Miss Con wa}-,, and they 
became the parents of eight children, four of whom 
are living: Francis, Ida J., Horace G. and John. 
Ezekiel, the second son, born December 15, 
1827, near Ellis Grove, this county. A year later 
his mother went to live with Grandfather Barber, 
with whom tliey continued to reside until August, 
1831. Our subject was educated in the old log 
schoolhouse of pioneer days, and when old enougli 
worked in a grist and sawmill for his grandfather 
m this county. In 1844 he went to Galena, and 
after working in the lead mines of that place for 
one and a-half 3'ears, he removed to Wisconsin. 
After two years spent in that state, he returned 
to the home of his grandfather, and worked for 
his uncle, James Barber, in the saw mill for two 



years. In 1850, having been seized with the gold 
fever, he crossed the plains to California, where 
he prospected for gold for two years, meeting with 
fair success. At the expiration of that time he re- 
turned home, and for a Iwelverooutli again worked 
for his uncle in the mill. 

In 1853 p;zekiel Baibcr niairitd IMisss Mary .1. 
Frazer, who was born in 1831 in Indiana. .She was 
the daughter of John and Elizabeth (Smith) Frazer, 
natives of Pennsylvania and Bowling Green, Ky., 
respectively. The father of Mrs. Barber was a 
cabinet-maker b^- trade, in politics was a Whig, and 
socially was a prominent Odd Fellow. He died at 
Rockwood, 111., January 1, 1845. Mrs. Frazer de- 
parted this life in New Albany, Ind., in Septem- 
ber, 1847. To our subject and his wife were born 
six children, of wlioni Bell, Charlie, Cora and Wil- 
lie are deceased. Those livinj; are Nellie and Min- 
nie, both highl}' educated young ladies and school 

The jear of his marriage Mr. Berber eiig.agcd in 
the mercantile business at Rockwood, and after 
disposing of his interests in that line, he became 
keeper of a wood yard in the same place. He was 
filling that position when, in 1864, he enlisted, 
and was assigned to the Fiftieth Illinois Infantry. 
This regiment then being with Sherman on the 
march to the sea, he was temporarily with others 
organized in the Fourth Battalion, in which he 
participated in the battle of Nashville on the 15th 
and 16tli of December, following Hood's retreating 
army into Alabama. Returning to Nashville, he 
was senttoNewbern, N. C, where he again was tem- 
porarily assigned to the One Hundred and Twen- 
ty-second New York Infantry, and participated in 
the battle of Kingston, N. C, March 8, 9, 10 and 
1 1, 18G5. He joined the Fiftieth Illinois Infantry, 
March 25, 1865, and was discharged at Louisville, 
Ky., July 13 of that year. 

Returning from the army, our subject went to 
Rockwood, and from theie to Missouri, it being 
his intention to prospect in the lead mines in 
Granb^^ Soon, however, he returned to Rock- 
wood, and until 1888 was engaged in shipping 
fruit, grain and cattle to St. Louis. At present he 
is the proprietor of a fine farm located in town- 
ship 8, range 6, besides having valuable town prop- 

erty. He is also engaged in loaning money, and 
is administrator for an estate worth $50,000. In 
his political relations he is a strong Republican, 
and is an influential member of Post No. 181, 
G. A. R., at Sparta. Although not a member of 
an J' denomination, he gives liberallj- of his means 
to the support of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
with which his wife is connected. 

Alexander lochhead derives both 

@/lJI pleasure and profit from the management 
li of his estate, which is located on section 
18, township 7, range 6, Randolph Coun- 
ty. It bears a full line of improvements, and in 
addition to the business of a general farmer, Mr. 
Lochhead in 1891 began in the dairy business, and 
he now has a paying route iu the cit^' of Chester. 
He is a native of Glasgow, Scotland, the date of 
his birth being November 27. 1839. 

The father of our subject, who also bears tiie 
name of Alexander, was reared to manhood in his 
native laud, Scotland, where he was an engineer. 
The lady to whom he was married, and who be- 
came the mother of our subject, was Miss Christina 
Flemming, also born in Glasgow, Scotland. In 
the 3'ear 1840 the parents set sail for America, 
when our subject was only a few months old, and 
on arriving in the New World, the^' made their 
wa}' directlj' to this county- and located on a farm 
five miles from Chester. 

For a number of years after coming here the 
father of our subject lived on rented laud, and 
continued to follow the occupation of a farmer 
until 1846, when his decease occurred. The 
mother of our subject was later married, her hus- 
band being Amos Taggert, and she departed this 
life iu 1875. Alexander of this sketch is a man 
of limited education, but sound common sense 
and accurate judgment, and in the pursuit of his 
occupation of farming has become the owner of 
valuable property. AVhen ft lad of fifteen years 
he went to Chester and tiegan clerking in the 
grocery store of George Rust, with whom he re- 
mained for four years, and then returning to farm 
life, has since devoted his time to cultivating the 



soil. He is engaged in general agriculture and 
reaps annually an abundant harvest frona his 
place, wliich thus makes excellent returns for the 
time and labor which he has invested. 

October 5, 1858, Alexander Lochliead was mar- 
ried to Eliza E., daughter of Isaac and Annis 
(Cochrane) Rust, natives of Maine. Their mar- 
riage was blessed by the birth of nine children, 
three of whom died in infanc3^ Those living are, 
Melvin, who married Carolina Heitkanip, and is a 
prosperous farmer near Chester; Albert R., who 
married Elizabeth Conn, and is also engaged in 
farming pursuits in this county; James; Christina, 
Gilbert and Grace, who are at home. Our subject 
and his wife are devoted members of the Method- 
ist Church, and arc classed among the substantial 
citizens of their township. Mr. Lochhead has al- 
ways voted with the Republican party, has been 
Road Commissioner and School Director of his 
town, and with excellent judgment and keen per- 
ception has materially' aided in the upward prog- 
ress of the public schools. 

/^) IIRI^TOPHER HACK, who is engaged in 
[l(^l, farming in Vergennes, claims Mississippi 
^^^' as the state of his nativity. He was born 
in Claiborne County, April 15, 1840, and is the 
son of Christopher Hack, a native of Germany, 
who when a small boy came with his parents to 
America. He had one brother, who lived in New 
Orleans. The mother of our subject died when 
her son was very young. He left liome when 
about ten years of age and began working on a 
steamboat on the Mississippi River, being thus 
employed until the beginning of the war, when he 
came north to Cairo, making his home in that 
place and in Mound Cit}' until 1862. 

Mr. Hack th^n enlisted in the Union navy, and 
was on board the "Monarch" during the greater 
part of his service. He was also detailed for car- 
penter work on the "Lancaster Ram," "Diana" 
and "Queen of the AVest." He participated in 
many naval engagements — the siege of Vicksburg, 
the expedition to assist Siierman, went up the 
Arkansas River to Arkansas Post, and landed with 

the troops as volunteers at Greenville. In the 
spring of 1864 he was discharged, but continued 
to remain in Vicksburg until the following July, 
when he returned to Jackson County. 

Mr. Hack first located in De Soto, and then 
came to Vergennes. He was married in Vicks- 
burg, in 1860, to Miss Mary Westfall, who died 
in the following year. On the 31st of May, 18C4, 
in Vicksburg, he wedded Miss Nancy Westfall, a 
sister of his first wife, and a daughter of David 
and Elizabeth (Lyons) Westfall. Her parents were 
both born and reared in Ohio, removing thence to 
Mississippi. Her father enlisted in the I'nion army 
and died in the service. They had the following 
children: Leander, Adam, Melvina, Mary M., Fran- 
ces and Nanc}". All are deceased except Fiances. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Hack were born five children. 
William and Minerva, twins, born Ma}' 30, 1866, 
died in infancy; Alice, born July 15, 1869, is the 
wife of William Mann; Henry C, born November 
6, 1871, is the next younger; and Mary A., born 
September 13, 1874, is now deceased. The mother 
of this family passed awaj' January 31, 1876. and 
on the 12th of December following Mr. Hack mar- 
ried Mahala Law. The}' have one child, ililton 
A., born September 22, 1885. Mrs. Hack died May 
21, 1889, and on the 10th of April, 1890, our sub- 
ject wedded Dollie Graer, widow of Benjamin 
Graer. The}' have two children: Fannie, born 
January 18, 189-1; and Charles B., July 22, 1893. 

Mr. Hack has followed farming tliroughout the 
greater part of his life, and for seven years has 
carried on general merchandising in Vergennes. He 
now owns two hundred and eighty acres of valuable 
land, besides considerable property in the village, 
and by well directed efforts, enterprise and in- 
dustry has acquired a handsome competence. He 
is a member of the United Brethren Church, in 
which he serves as Trustee, and is also a member 
of the building committee, which is now engaged 
in the erection of a new house of worship. In 
politics he is a Democrat, and has held the office 
of Highway Commissioner and Township Treas- 
urer. He has taken an active part in politics, but 
has never been a narrow partisan. Socially, he is 
connected with the Masonic fraternitj- and the 
Odd Fellows' society, and is now Trustee of the 



latter lodge. He possesses excellent business and 
executive ability, and the prosperity which has 
crowned liis efforts is but the just reward of his 

^ ^P • 

eHRISTIAN BKARE, whose sketch now in- 
vites attention, is one of the oldest resi- 
dents in the state of Illinois. In the course 
of his long life he has witnessed many clianges 
and an immense amount of progress in tlie state, 
and lias also accumulated a considerable fortune. 
Longevit}' for some reasons and in some cases is 
not a desirable thing, but it certainly gives a man 
a vastamount of valuable experience, and gains him 
a larger number of successes than can be accom- 
plished in a shorter span of years. Mr. Beare is 
one of the progressive farmers of township 6, 
range 7, Randolph County, where he owns an ex- 
cellent estate of four hundred and fifty acres. 

Our subject's birth occurred near Berne, Switz- 
erland, March 28, 1817, he being the third in or- 
der of birth in a family of five children born to 
Joseph and Gretta (Meyer) Beare. He emigrated 
to America when nine years of age with his par- 
ents, who first settled in Cleveland, Ohio, and later 
went to Canton, the same state. Some time later 
the family located on a farm near East St. Louis, 
but remaining there only a year, came to Randolph 
County and located on the farm which is now the 
home of our subject. He obtained very little 
schooling in his youth, but was naturally of a 
studious turn of mind, and through his desire for 
learning and eagerness to seize upon everything 
to increase his store of knowledge, he acquired a 
good idea of business. During his ^-ounger days 
he aided his father in the care of the farm, and 
energeticall3' shared the toils of seed-time and har- 
vest. He gained a thoroughly practical knowledge 
of the pursuit of agriculture, and was well fitted 
at an early age to self reliantly begin the battle of 
life. In 1843, when he was twenty-six years old, 
our subject sold the first crop of wheat for himself, 
and has continuously worked at his chosen pursuit 
until he has won a goodly amount of this world's 
goods. His productive farm lies one-half mile 
west of Ellis Grove, where he does all his trading. 

His father bad a family of five children, and came 
to this country expecting to make a good home 
for them. His efforts were not in vain, for they 
are all comfortably situated in life, and the family 
is one of the wealthiest in Hie county. 

Mr. Beare was married Eebruary 9, 1843, to 
Martha Lenherr, a daughter of Christian and Eliza- 
beth (Kloepeustien) Lenherr. The parents cele- 
brated their golden wedding February 9, 1893, 
and were surrounded' b3' seven children and eigh- 
teen grandchildren. They are enjoying their 
remaining days in peace and comfort. To our 
subject and his estimable wife has been born a 
family of eight children, one of whom died in in- 
fancy. John and Christian, are twins, and the 
former married Lizzie Heckraan, who died in the 
year 1883; the latter married Sophia Heckman. 
Joseph married Sarah Hargis, and is a merchant 
in Ellis Grove; Lizzie is the wife of Louis Wehr- 
heim, and they are residents of Ellis Grove; 
Henry married Emma Hargis,' and is also a mer- 
chant in Ellis Grove; Isaac, who is the present 
County Clerk of Randolph County, makes his liome 
in Chester; and Mary is the wife of Joseph Heob, 
who is a merchant in Ellis Grove. Mr. and Mrs. 
Beare are consistent members of the Methodist 
Church, and are highly esteemed by their many 
friends and acquaintances. Mr. Beare is now in 
his seventy-seventh year, and is hale and hearty. 
In his political affiliations he is a Democrat, casting 
his first vote for Van Buren. All of the children 
are also advocates of Democracy, and rank high in 
the esteem of their fellow-citizens. 

I^OBERT HOUSTON, foreman of the Ran- 
IWj dolph Mines, of Percy, and a highly re- 
'4i\\\ spected citizen of the coniraunit}-, claims 
^^ Scotland as the land of his nativity. He 
was born in June, 1841, and is the second child of 
Robert and Agnes (Gray) Houston. His father 
was a miner in Scotland, and lived in that coun- 
try until 1853, when with his family he emigrated 
to America, locating near Caseyville, Ky., where 
he began working in the mines. In 1859, he came 
to DuQuoin, where he spent most of his time en- 



gaged in miiiiiig until his death, which occurred 
in July, 1888. Ilu won the high regard of all with 
whom lie was brought in contact, and his loss was 
deeply mourned. His widow is yet living near 
])u( Juoin. 

Mr. Houston attended school in .Scotland dur- 
ing his early years, but his educational privileges 
were limited, for at the age of nine years he went 
into the mines with his father, and was thus ein- 
pIo\ed until coming to America in 18o4, when a 
youth of thirteen. Here he at once resumed min- 
ing, and has since followed that pursuit with the 
exception of one 3'ear, wlicn he entered the employ 
of a farmer, thinking that he might improve his 
education thereby. He worked in the fields, and 
for one term attended the district school, after 
which he returned to the mines. At the age of 
nineteen, he began working for himself, and was 
employed as a miner until lie had attained his ma- 

At that time, prompted by patriotic impulses, 
Mr. Houston entered the service of his countiy, 
enlisting at DuQuoin as Fife Major in tlie Highty- 
(irst Illinois Infantry for three years. He was 
with the regiment in all of its many engagements, 
and when the war was over, he was mustered out 
in Vicksburg, August 5, 1865, and received his 
discharge in Chicago. 

When the countr3- no longer needed his services, 
Mr. Houston returned to DuQuoin to visit his 
peopl, and then went to Mobile, Ala., where he 
spent the two succeeding years of his life. In 
1868, he returned to Sparta, and engaged in coal 
mining until 1880, when he took charge of the 
Rosborough Coal mines, being Superintendent of 
the same for seven years. He then went to In- 
diana, where he was emploj'cd for a few months, 
but after a short time he returned to Illinois and 
located in Percy, where he now serves as manager 
of the Randolph mines. These mines turn out about 
three hundred tons i)er day in the working season. 

In 1875, Mr. Houston was united in marriage 
with Miss Agnes Brown, daughter of James B. aud 
Margaret (Grant) Brown, who were of Scotch de- 
scent. By this union five children were born, as 
follows: Maggie, widow of Andrew Moffat, who 
resides with her father; Robert, Myrtle, and Eva 

and James A., twins. All are now under the pa- 
rental roof. Mr. and Mrs. Houston are members 
of the Presbj'terian Church, and he is a member of 
some civic societies, belonging to Mope Lodge No. 
162, A. F. & A. M., of Sparta, the Royal Arch 
Cliai)ter of Madisonville, Hopkins Countj', Ky.; 
aud Sparta Post No. 181, G. A. R. In politics, he 
is a supporter of Republican principles. He has 
lived an honorable, upright life, devoted largely 
to legitimate business interests, and is highly re- 
spected \>y all who know him. 

\T|01IX a. IIAIIN occupies an important place 
in the farming community of township 7, 
range 6, Randolph County, aud resides 
upon the old homestead where he was borni 
near Chester. His father. Christian Halm, was 
born in "West Baden, Germany, where he was 
reared to mature years on his father's farm, and 
emigrated to America when a young man. He 
was a tailor by trade, and after coming to Amer- 
ica made his first location in Kaskaskia, this state, 
where he began working at his trade. He was 
the first German to make settlement in that place, 
but only remained there two jears, when he came 
to Chester and established himself in the tailoring 
business, in which he was fairly successful for 
four years. Christian Hahn then purchased land 
near Chester and gave himself up to the work of 
its cultivation, residing there until his death, 
which occurred in 18C3. 

Soon after coming to Illinois, and while mak- 
ing, his home in Kaskaskia, the father of our sub- 
ject was married to Miss Elizabeth Fortman, of 
German parents, and their union was blessed by a 
familv of ten children. John A., of this sketch, 
who was the youngest in the famil}', was born 
February 20, 1852. He enjoyed only limited op- 
portunities for obtaining an education, aiding 
his father in the care of his farm, thus gaining 
a thoroughly practical knowledge of the pursuit 
of agriculture. After his father's death, John re- 
mained at home with his mother and carried on 
the home place, which has since come into his pos- 
session. His mother now makes her home with 

- d: ^^ 




him, and although having attained the advanced 

age of eighty-seven years, isenjo^'ing good health, 
and even- pleasant Sunday she may be seen walk- 
ing to church. 

May 12. 1874, .John A. Hahn and Miss Mary C, 
daughter of Mathew and Adelia (Riker) Muerer, 
were united in marriage. Mrs. Halin's parents 
were natives of German}', but at the time of her 
marriage were residing in Missouri. A family of 
three children has come to bless the home of our 
subject and his wife, Clara, Anna and .Joseph. 
The}' are all being given good educations and are 
students in the high school at Chester. In his re- 
ligious belief, Mr. Hahn and his entire family are 
devout Catholics. He is a strong Democrat in 
politics, but has never held or aspired to political 
office, preferring to devote his attention exclu- 
sivel}' to his private affairs. 

ON. J. F. TAYLOR, an attorney-at-law, who 
111 is successfully engaged in legal practice in 
Carbondale, is one of the prominent citi- 
zens of southern Illinois. His father, .James 
Taylor, was born in Columbus, Ind., in 1826, 
and is a son of Aaron Ta^'lor, who was born in 
Marietta, Ohio, in 1800, and came of an old Vir- 
ginian family. The motlier of our subject bore 
the maiden name of Catherine Formwalt. She 
was born in Fayetteville, Tenn., in 1829, and was 
a daughter of .Jacob Formwalt, who was born in 
the same state and was of German descent. 

The paternal grandfather emigrated to Illinois 
in 1832, and settled in Golconcia, Pope County, 
where he followed farming. There James was 
reared and educated, and for some time he en- 
gaged in teaching. The country found him among 
its defenders during the late war. He was' a Ser- 
geant of Compan}' K, One Hundred and Thirty- 
sixth Illinois Infantry. When the regiment re- 
turned, he was left in the south and was reported 
dead, but six weeks later he reached home a physi- 
cal wreck. His brother, Caleb M. Taylor, was 
Colonel of a Louisiana regiment in the Confeder- 
ate army. 

The Formwalt famil}' came to Illinois in 1835 

and settled in Pope County, where Mr. and Mrs. 
Taylor were married. They now reside nearHarts- 
ville. 111. They hold memliership with the Baptist 
Church, in which the father served as Deacon for 
forty years. In the family were nine children, six 
of whom are yet living, namely: J. F., Spencer B., 
Caleb M., Richard F., AVilliam F. S. and Priscilla L 

Our subject, who was born January 4, 1849, in 
Pope County, was reared on the home farm, and for 
four terms was a student in the State Normal School 
at Bloomington. He then served as Principal of the 
public schools of Elizabethtown for two years, and 
for two \-ears was Principal in Rosiclare, then a 
prosperous mining town. Later he attended the 
law school in Bloomington, Ind., and admitted 
to the Bar in the Supreme Court of Illinois in 
June, 1876. In 1877 he was elected Judge of the 
Count}' Court of Hardin County, and served for 
five years, never having but one opinion reversed. 
In 1886 he was elected to the State Legislature, and 
served as a member of the judiciary and other im- 
portant committees. Five years ago he came to 
Carbondale, where he has since been successfully 
engaged in law practice. 

In 1874 Mr. Taylor married Elizabeth Hemphill, 
a native of Polk County and a daughter of Squire 
Davidson Hemphill, of North Carolina. His fa- 
ther removed from that state to Polk County, 111., 
in 1830. To Mr. and Mrs. Taylor were born four 
sons: Oscar T., Otho Breeze, Clifton L. and Charles 
Harold, all of whom are students in the Normal 
Institute of Carbondale. The parents are members 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church and take an 
active part in its work. Mr. Taylor is a Mason, 
and is now serving as Worshipful Master of She- 
kinah Lodge No. 241, A. F. <t A. M., and as High 
Priest of Reynolds Chapter No. 75, R. A. M. 

As a stanch Democrat Mr. Taylor has always 
taken a warm interest in political affairs, and has 
served as Chairman of the Congressional Campaign 
Committee of the Twenty-second District. He is 
the author of the only bill which became a law in 
this state, appropriating money for the aid of 
L'nion soldiers who were disabled in the service. 
By this act, ^2,000 were appropriated for the relief 
of John B. Tucker, of Hardin County, a gallant 
Union soldier, who enlisted at the call of Governor 



Yates in 1861, and while in the service of his coun- 
try lost both arms by tlie accidental discharge of 
a cannon. At tiie time of entering the service he 
was a citizen of Illinois and crossed the river into 
Kentucky to enlist. The bill read as follows: 

See. 1. Be it en.icted by the people of the state of 
Illinois represented in Ceneral Assembly, that the 
sum of $10,000 be and the same is hereby appropri- 
ated out of the State Treasury to John B. Tucker, 
of Hardin County, late a private soldier in the 
Fifteenth Regiment of Kentucky Cavahj' in the 
late, and afterward by re-enlistment in Com- 
pany B, First Green River Batter}- of Kentucky 
\'olunloers, in the service of the United States while 
in line of duty in obedience to orders of his supe- 
rior otlicers, who had both arms shot off by the ac- 
cidental firing of a cannon. 

Sec. 2. The Auditor of Public Accounts shall 
draw his warrant on the treasury of the state of 
Illinois for * 10,000, hereby appropriated in favor 
of said John B. Tucker. The Treasurer shall pay 
said sum of mone}' on presentation of said 

The bill was afterward changed to read ^2,000, 
and was passed as amended. It was first referred 
to a committee which reported unfavorably, but 
Mr. Taylor prevailed upon the committee to give 
him a rehearing and they then reported favorably. 
The enemies of the bill had it referred to the Com- 
mittee on Appropriations, which reported favorably. 
The Chairman of the Judiciary Committee moved 
to strike out the enacting clause ic the House of 
Representatives, and it was then debated between 
that gentleman and Mr. Taylor, who won. He 
followed the bill into the Senate, went before the 
different committees there, and advocated it until 
it was enacted into law. He is a lawyer of acknowl- 
edged ability, a power in the court room, and his 
career, both public and private, has won him the 
high regard of his associates. 

(^ WILLIAM A. WOOD has been prospered 
\/\/li *'"'^® ^^ came to this countrj', over forty 
^^ years ago, and has been a resident of Ran- 
dolph County during that entire period, with the 
exception of two 3'ears. While assisting in the 
development of township 4, range 6, he has ac- 
quired a comfortable property and is still actively 

engaged in farming, owning two hundred and 
sixty acres of laud on section 35, and as a stock 
breeder has on his place thirty head of fine Jersey 

The father of our worthy subject, James Wood, 
was a native of Ayrshire, Scotland, where his 
mother, who prior to her marriage was Miss Jane 
Ilumphrej', was also born. They both died many 
years ago in their native land. The father was 
a d3-er and shoemaker b^' trade, and besides 
rearing a farail}- of thirteen children, he and his 
good wife performed the part of parents to three 
other children, one of whom is Hugh Wilson, Sr., 
(whose sketch will be found elsewhere in this Rec- 
ord). The parents were both members of the Es- 
tablished Churcli of Scotland. 

William Wood, of this sketch, who is also of 
Scotch birth, was born in Ajrshire, Sei)tember 13, 
1833, and received a good education in the com- 
mon schools of his native land. He came to 
America in the year 18.52, and passed two years in 
Maryland and Kentucky. Then coming to Illi- 
nois, he located on his present fine estate, which 
was at that time in a wild condition, and at once 
commenced the improvement of his farm, which is 
now in all respects one of the most desirable in 
the neighborhood. It is supplied with ample builil- 
ings for every purpose, including a comfortable 
dwelling, good barn, etc., and the machinery for 
operating the farm is of the most modern style. 
Mr. Wood is engaged in mixed farming, and is 
particularly successful as a stock-grower, owning 
thirt}- head of Jersey cattle, beside having eight 
milch cows. 

The marriage of our subject with Miss Susan, 
daughter of John Rusk, was celebrated in 18r)3. 
Mrs. Wood is a native of Scotland, where her birth 
occurred June 13, 1830. Thej' are the parents of 
two children, William A., Jr., and Mary. They 
have also taken into their hearts and home four- 
teen other children, among whom were Mary, 
David, Lizzie and Belle Rusk, John Beard, Eliza 
Rusk, Perry C. Fillis, James and William McGuf- 
fey, James Wood, a'nd an infant who died. He and 
his wife possess in an eminent degree those genial 
social qualities that attracted friends, of whom 
they have many, and their charming home is the 



center of '..hat true hospitality that knows so well 
how to welcome and speed the parting guest.l 

When first locating here, Mr. Wood owned 
eighty acres of land, but, being industrious and 
possessed of marked foresight and sound judg- 
ment, before long had accumulated two hun- 
dred and &ixty acres, placing the entire amount 
under imi)rovement. His farm was found to con- 
tain a fine coal vein, which he opened up and 
mined very successfully for about twenty years. 
He has, however, given up this line of work and 
deTotes himself entirclj- to farming. 

Our subject is a member of the United Presby- 
terian Church, and though called upon many 
times to accept office, has always refused to do so. 
He is a particularly healthy and robust man, and 
in the past forty 3'ears has never "had occasion to 
seek the advice of a phj'sician. He is a stanch 
Re[)ublican in politics. Mr. Wood has given his 
children a good education. His son is a graduate of 
Monmouth (111.) College, and he also took a course 
of study in the University of Michigan. In 1878 
he went to Colorado, at the same time visiting Cali- 
fornia, Washington, Arizona and Canada. When 
a little over fourteen years of age the son entered 
the Union army, serving through the entire war, 
and was with General Sherman on his march to 
the sea. 

JT| AMES M. PILLERS, one of the native sons 
l{ of Randolph County, has since 1886 en- 
I! gaged in dealing in live stock in Steele- 
s;^J^ ville, where he at present makes his home. 
He is a man of good business abilit}-, energetic 
and enterprising, and his well directed efforts have 
won him a fair degree of success. The record of 
his life is as follows: 

Mr. PiUers was born March 2, 1854. and is the 
eldest child of P. W. and .Jane M. (Wilson) Pillers, 
both of whom were also natives of Randolph Coun- 
ty, being representatives of pioneer families of this 
community. Both the Pillers and Wilson families 
originated in Ireland. The father of our subject 
was a prosperous farmer of Randolph C'ount\-, and 
followed agricultural pursuits until his death, 
which occurred on the 7th of April, 1886, His 

widow still survives him, and is yet living on the 
old homestead. They were both worthj' and 
highly respected citizens of this community, and 
bore a prominent part in the work of u|ibuilrting 
and development. 

The subject of this sketch attended the district 
schools of the neighborhood until twelve years of 
age, after which his mother taught him at home 
for a time. Later he spent the winter seasons in 
the school room until eighteen years of age, while 
through the summer months he aided in the labors 
of the farm. At that time he entered the Sparta 
High School, which he attended for eight and a- 
half months, when he was quarantined for forty 
days on account of small-pox near his home. He 
then returned to the farm, where he worked for 
some time, operating the old homestead in his own 
interest. He successful!^- carried on agricultural 
pursuits until 1878, in which year he removed to 
Blair, 111., where he engaged in dealing in live 
stock for eight years, when, in 1886, he came to 
Steeleville, and has since engaged in the same line 
of business. Inl893 he purchased a hotel here, 
and is now the genial and jjopular landlord of the 
Pillers House. 

On the 14th of June, 1875, Mr. Pillers was 
united in marriage with Miss Emma M. Garven, a 
daughter of George and Eliza M. (Gordon) Gar- 
ven. Her father's family was of Scotch lineage, 
and her mother's of Irish origin. Mrs. Pillers is a 
native of Randolph County, and is a member of 
the Presbyterian Church. By their union were 
born three children, George W., James M. and 
Rose Gertrude, and the family circle yet remains 
unbroken. The two sons are attending school. 

Mr. Pillers is a member of Alma Lodge No. 497, 
A. F. & A. M., of Steeleville, and three months af- 
ter his initiation into the same he was elected to 
office, and has since continued to serve in some 
official position. He has held ever}- office except 
that of Master, which he resolutely refused to ac- 
cept. In politics he is a stalwart Republican, has 
served as Village Trustee, and is now Police 
Magistrate and a member of the School Board. 
He is ever prompt and faithful in the discharge of 
his public duties, thus proving a capable officer. 
He lives a quiet unassuming life, but is admired 



and respected by all who know him for his many 
excellencies of character and his sterling worth, 
lie is indeed a wortliy representative of one of the 
honored pioneer families of his native county. 
The grandfather, .John Pillers, served in the Black 
Hawk War as Major. 

JOHN BOURCHIER carries on agricultural 
pursuits on section 34, Carbondale Town- 
ship, Jackson County, where he has a good 
,;j^ farm of two hundred and seventy-five acres 
of rich land. Of this, one hundred acres are under 
a high state of cultivation, and 3ield to him a 
golden tribute in return for the care and labor he 
bestows upon them. He also raises a good grade of 
stock. The neat and thrift}- appearance of the 
place indicates the owner to be a practical and 
progressive farmer. 

Mr. Bourchier was born in County Limerick, 
Ireland, July 27, 1846, and is a son of Thomas 
and Maria (Hincs) Bourchier, both of whom were 
natives of the Emerald Isle, the former born in 
1819, and the latter in 1820. The year 1849 wit- 
nessed their emigration to America. Tiiey landed 
at New Orleans and spent a 3'ear and a-half in 
that city, after which they came to Jackson Coun- 
ty. In his native land Mr. Bourchier had en- 
gaged in the grocery and bakery business, and 
after coming to America was eraplo3'ed as a sales- 
man in a dry-goods store for a time. He knew 
nothing about farming, but secured a tract of land 
on which was a log cabin. His nearest neiglibor 
was four miles distant, and it was eleven miles to 
the nearest postoffiee. Practical experience made 
him a good agriculturist, and in course of time 
he developed a fine farm, on which he made his 
home until his death. He served as School Di- 
rector for the last twent}' j'ears of his life, and 
was a prominent citizen. He and his wife were 
members of the Catholic Church. His death oc- 
curred September 15, 1881, and she passed aw.ay 
on the 30th of November following. 

Our subject was onlj' three years old when 
brought bj' his parents to the New AVorld. He 
was reared amid the wild scenes of frontier life, 

and aided in the arduous task of developing a 
new farm. He took charge of the old homestead 
on the death of his parents, and it has since been 
his property. 

In 1872 Mr. Bourchier was united in marriage 
with Miss Mary, daughter of George and Amanda 
(McCulloni) Simmons, both of whom were natives 
of Keutuckj', the former born in 1823, and tlie 
latter in 1826. They were married in that state, 
and thence emigrated to Illinois. Tlie father was 
a soldier in the Mexican War. ilrs. Bourcliier 
was born in Randolph Couutj', 111., on the 2d of 
June, 1851, and acquired her education in the 
schools of Chester and the Southern Illinois State 
Normal Universitj'. She is a lady of culture and 
refinement, and presides with grace over her hos- 
pitable home. Unto our subject and his wife- 
have been born six children: Thomas, Laura E., 
Anna M., George, Clarence R. and Nellie. 

ilr. Bourchier takes quite an interest in polit- 
ical affairs, and b}^ his ballot supports the men 
and measures of the Democracy. He has served 
as School Director, and the cause of education re- 
ceives his hearty support. He and his wife are 
devout and consistent members of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, and also take an active interest 
in the work of the Sunday- -school. The family is 
one of prominence in this community and well 
deserves representation in this volume. 

cessfully engaged in farming in township 5, 
range 6. Randolph Count}', has the honor 
^;j_,^ of being a native of this state. He was 
born in Warren County in 1839. His grandpar- 
ents, Joseph and Mary (Reed) Caldwell, were na- 
tives of Ireland and Scotland, respectively, and on 
emigrating to this country, located in Ohio, where 
they were married. The former was a son of Sam- 
uel Caldwell, who came to America in the "May- 
flower." The family is noted for longevity. 

The father of our subject, William Caldnell, w.<is 
born in Coshocton County, Ohio, in 1807, and in 
1818 went to Pittsburgh, and thence removed to 
Indiana, where for two years he engaged in teach- 



ing school. On the expiration of that period he 
went to Galena, III., where he engaged in teaching 
in a log schoolhouse, and also worked in the lead 
mines until the breaking out of the Black Hawk 
War in 1832, when he entered the service. He 
was wounded at Ash Grove, and was taken to Big 
Mound, 111., where he remained for two months. 
He then rejoined his company, and followed the 
Indians to Oakwalks. 

The troops there disbanded, and Mr. Caldwell 
went to Warren County, where he married Jane 
Orr, a native of Kilrain, Ireland. When a maiden 
of seven 3'ears, Mrs. Caldwell became a resident of 1 
Pittsburgh, Pa., and thence she came to Illinois in 
1834. B}- their marriage, which was celebrated in 
September, 1835, the3' became the parents of a large ' 
family, of whom we note the following: .James A., I 
who is a farmer living six miles north of Sparta, 1 
married Lizzie Ilolworth, and they had ten chil- 
dren, nine of whom are yet living; Alex M. died 
in 1860; Joseph AV. is the next younger; Mary E. 
is the widow of Charles A. Beattie, and lives in 
Randolph Countj- with her two children; Martha 
M. is the wife of William J. Dickey, b3' whom she 
has five children; Elizabeth A. is the widow of 
Thomas Crawford, of Coulterville, and had six 
children, three of whom are living; William F., 
who was married, was killed by the caving in of a 
silver mine in New Mexico; Stephen A. died at 
the age of nine years; and one child died in in- 

The father of this family' secured one hundred 
and sixty acres by a land warrant in AVarren County, 
entered a quarter-section, and also purchased one 
hundred and sist_v acres. lie there made his home 
until 1849, when he removed to Putnam Count^', 
and after residing there for ten years, came to 
Randolph Countj', in 1859. In the spring of 1864 
he removed to the farm upon which our subject 
now resides, making it his home until his death in 
1884. For a number of j'ears he engaged in teach- 
ing school, and was also a teacher of shorthand. 
His extensive reading and excellent memory' made 
him a well informed man. In politics he was fii-st 
a Whig, and afterward a Republican, and for some 
years he faithfully- served as Justice of the Peace. 
He was a member of the Associate Reformed 

Church, was one of the foundei-s of the Seceder 
Church of Warren County, which he joined in 
1828, and later became a member of the United 
Presbyterian Church. In 1848 he was made one 
of its Elders, and filled the position until his death. 
He was trulj' one of nature's noblemen, and was 
noted for his charity' and benevolence. His wife, 
who was born November 6, 1808, is living with her 
son, at the age of eightj'-five 3'ears. 

Mr. Caldwell whose name heads this record re- 
moved from his native count\- to Putnam County 
in 1859, and thence came to Randolph Countj-, 
where he has since made his home. He remained 
with his parents until 1861, when, prompted by 
patriotic impulses, he joined Compan3- II, of the 
Twent3--second Illinois Regiment. He was three 
times wounded at the battle of Chickamauga, and 
was taken prisoner at Crawfish Springs, but was 
afterward paroled and exchanged. When he se- 
cured his release from southern imprisonment he 
went home on a visit, but after two months re- 
joined his regiment in Tennessee, and continued 
in the service until honorablj' discharged in Spring- 
field in 1864. For a year after being mustered 
out he remained at home, and then purchased a 
farm of one hundred acres, upon which he resided 
for seven 3'ears, when in 1873 he removed to his 
present farm. 

In 1865, Mr. Caldwell married Miss Amanda J. 
Ireland, a native of this count3', and a daughter 
of Martin and Mary (Siiort) Ireland, natives of 
Kentuck3'. from which state they came to Illinois 
in 1836. Her father died in 1884, but her mother 
is now living in Mill Creek. The famih' is of 
Irish descent, and was founded in America in 
Colonial days. Mr. Ireland was numbered among 
the boys in blue of Compan3' H, Twentj'-second 
Illinois Infantr3-. He enlisted in 1861, and served 
until 1864. He was wounded at the battle of 
Stone River and at Chickamauga. He had four 
sons in the service: John aud William H. H. in 
Company H, Twent3--second Illinois; Thomas in 
Compan3- C, Thirtieth Illinois; and Peter in Com- 
pany F, One Hundred and Fift3--fourth Illinois In- 
fantrj-. John died in the hospital at Murfrees- 
boro, Tenn. 

Mr. and Mrs. Caldwell have reared two orphan 



children. At the age of fifteen months Nancy 
Tash came to them, and remained with them until 
her marriage to Sylvester Brown. Charles E. Ire- 
land has found a home with them since the age of 
six years. He is now a student in the Gem City 
Business College of Quincj', 111. Our subject and 
his wife are faitiiful and consistent members of 
the Presbyterian Church of Sparta, in which he 
has served as Elder for eight j'ears. They are 
prominent in church and benevolent work, and 
are ever found on the side of right. Mr. Caldwell 
is a member of the Sparta Building and Loan As- 
sociation and of the creamer^' company. As the 
result of earnest effort and close application, he 
has met with good success in business, and is now 
the owner of a fine farm of eighty acres. In poli- 
tics, he is a Republican, and is a charter member 
of Sparta Post No. 181, G. A. R., in which he lias 
held all the offices. 


\Jl OHN A. C. FLOYD, who carries on general 
farming on section 22, Carbondale Town- 
ship, .Jackson Count}', was born March 27, 
^^^^ 1844, in the neighborhood of his present 
home. His parents, Nathaniel W. and Nancj^ 
(Bush) Floyd, were botlunatives of Kentucky, and 
in that state their marriage was celebrated. About 
1841 the\' came to Illinois, settling northwest of 
Carbondale, and later removed to Rockwood, Ran- 
dolph County, where the father carried on a wood- 
yard. During the Civil War he was a member of 
the Home Guards. He met his death by accident 
about twenty years ago. His wife still survives 
him, at the age of eighty, and makes her home 
with our subject, who is the only survivor in a 
family of eleven children. Mrs. Floyd is a mem- 
ber of the Christian Church, and her husband was 
one of its ministers for thirty years. In politics 
he supported the Republican party. 

Under the parental roof Jolin Floj'd was reared, 
and in the schools of Rockwood he was educated. 
Responding to the country's call for troops July 1, 
1861, he became a member of Company A, Seventh 
Illinois Infantry. He was the first man in Jackson 
County to enlist in the Union army. With his regi- 

ment he was sent to Irontou, and to Pilot Knob 
after Jefferson Thompson. He then aided in build- 
ing Ft. Holt, and afterward participated in the 
battles of Ft. Henry and Ft. Donelson, and was 
chased by the enemy to Clarksville. Subsequently. 
Mr. Floyd was under fire at the battles of Nash- 
ville, Sliiloh and Corinth, and after a thirty days' 
furlough spent at home; he rejoined his regiment 
at Corinth and then moved on to Pulaski. After 
the battle of Tuscumbia, he went with the arm}- to 
Florence, Ala. His brother, Armistead, was taken 
prisoner, and died in Andersonville Prison. Only 
four of the company escaped capture after a 
hard run. This was followed by a battle against 
General Hood's forces at Altoona Pass, where our 
subject was wounded in the neck and in the left 
shoulder. He was then sent to the hospital at 
Rome, Ga., later to Chattanooga Hospital, thence 
to Nashville, and on to EvansviUe, Iiid.. where he 
was discharged May 8, 1865, after three years and 
ten months of hard service, during which he 
spent one year in the mounted infantiy. He was 
always found at his post, faithful to his countr}' 
and the Union cause. He now receives a pension 
of 124 per month. 

Mr. Floyd was married January 19, 1865, to 
Eliza Boien, who was born in Jackson County, 
September 22, 1841, and is a daughter of James 
and Sarah (Wingett) Boren. the former a native 
of Tennessee, and the latter of South Carolina. 
Her parents were married and came to Illinois in 
1829, locatingon section 26, Carbondale Township, 
being among the first settlers of the community. 
His death occurred at the age of eightj'-foui-, and 
his wife passed away at the age of seventj-two. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Floyd were born four children, of 
whom two are yet living: Alfred T., who married 
Elizabeth Timpner, 'o\- whom he has one child; 
and Sarah L. They are also rearing three orphan 

Upon his marriage, Mr. Floyd located in The 
Glades, and after two years located upon a fruit 
farm, where he also spent two years. He then 
bought the old homestead of seventy-nine acres, 
on which he has since made his home. His land 
is under a high state of cultivation and well im- 
jiroved, and the owner is regarded as one of the 



representative agriculturists of the community. 

He takes an active interest in politics, and is a 
warm advocate of Republican principles. He be- 
longs to the Grand Army post, and has served as 
Officer of the Day for three terms. He and his 
wife and botli children are meml^ers of the Chris- 
tian Church, and are people of generous and be- 
nevolent im|)ulses, highl}' respected by all. 

[(s). ^mMp... ,@j 

(^ '®f^i^~ "^ 

j^^ AMUEL W. MARSHALL, M. D., is one of 
*^^^ the foremost members of the medical pro- 
|(l/jl) fession of Sparta, as well as one of its 
most progressive and valued citizens. His 
grandfather, James Marsliall, was a native of Ire- 
land, and in 1795 founded the family in America. 
He settled in the Eairfield District of South Caro- 
lina, and there successfully engaged in teaching, 
and also served as Justice of the Peace. 

The father of the Doctor, Robert W. Marshall, 
was born in South Carolina in 1799, and removed 
thence to Randolph County, 111., in 1836. lie lo- 
cated four miles north of Sparta, and there made 
his home until his death, which occurred March 4, 
1871. He was educated by private instructors, and 
was a classical scholar. At the age of thirty he 
entered the Charleston Medical College, from 
which he was graduated in 1834. He then began 
practice, which he continued throughout his life. 
He was a man of recognized ability as a surgeon 
and stood at the head of the profession in this part 
of the state. In politics he was a Republican. In 
religion he was a member of the Koformed Pres- 
byterian Church, in which he served as Elder. He 
was a charitable, noble man, and had no enemies, 
for all who came in contact with him recognized 
his goodness and were his friends. 

In 1834 Robert W. Marshall married Susanna, 
daughter of James Arnett, and a native of South 
Carolina. She was also a member of the Reformed 
Presbyterian Church,, and her death occurred in 
1852. The family numbered eight children: Elea- 
nore, who died in South Carolina; William T., 
who died about 1873; Ellen C, wife of William 

MeClinton, of Sparta; Samuel W.; Sarah Jane, 

who died at the age of six 3^ears; Sarah, who be- 
came the wife of W. J. Porch, of Randolph County, 
and died in the fall of 1876, leaving two children, 
Eliza and William; Henrietta, and Charles F., who 
was educated in the St. Louis Medical College, and 
was practicing in Baldwin, 111., at the time of his 
death. He married Hattie C. Kenned}'. 

The birth of Dr. Marshall occuned in Randolph 
County in 1840. He remained with his parents 
upon the farm until 1864, although in the mean- 
time he attended Union Academy. In 1860 he 
commenced the study of medicine with his father, 
and in 1862 began a course of lectures in the St. 
Louis Medical College, from which he was gradu- 
ated in 1864. He then located in Sparta, but the 
following fall was appointed assistant surgeon of 
the Eighty-fourth Illinois Infantiy, under Dr. Kile. 
As his superior was at brigade headquarters. Dr. 
Marshall was the onl}' surgeon with the regiment. 
After six months' service he returned to Sparta, 
where he has since engaged in practice. 

In 1866 was celebrated the marriage of the Doc- 
tor and Miss Marcella Eiker, a native of Pennsyl- 
vania, who came to this place with her parents, 
Samuel and Elizabeth (Hoover) Eiker. Her par- 
ents were both born in the Ke3Stone Slate, and 
are now deceased. While the Doctor and his wife 
have no children of their own, they have reared 
three orphan children. Alice was educated in 
Monmouth ■College, and is the wife of C. C. French, 
pastor of the United Presb3terian Church of 
Greenwich, N. Y.; Frank E. received a commercial 
education, and is now book-keeper in the Carothe' 
Plow Works; Finley C. is book-keeper for the 
Keys Commission Company, at llie National Stock 
Yards at East St. Louis. 

Dr. Marshall votes with the Republican part}'. 
He has been a member of the School Board for fif- 
teen years, and for about five years was its Presi- 
dent. Socially he is connected with the Grand 
Army of the Republic, is a member of the Ameri- 
can Medical Association, and belongs to the South- 
ern Illinois Medical Association, of which he has 
served both as Vice-President and President. He 
and his wife hold membership with the United 
Presbyterian Church, in which he has held the of- 



fice of Elder for fifteen years. They are earnest 
workers in its interest, doing much for its ad- 
vancement and upbuilding. 

^]0I1N LICKISS. England has contributed 
to the United Slates many estimable citi- 
zens, but she has contributed none more 
worthy of success than the subject of this 
sketch, who for j^ears has been prominently iden- 
tified with the growth and development of Ran- 
dolph County. For some time he engaged in farm- 
ing in township 6, range 5, but in August, 1893, 
disposed of his estate and purchased property in 
Steeleville, where he is now living. 

Our subject was born in Yorkshire, England, 
November 5, 1836, and is the third in the family 
of Captain John and Mary A. (Scott) Lickiss. His 
father, who was also a native of England, followed 
a sea-faring life for forty years, but in April, 
1865, he brought his family to America and lo- 
cated upon land near Steeleville, 111. There he 
continued to reside until his death, which occurred 
July 18, 1888. His widow is still (1894) living, 
and although eighty-three years of age, is vigorous 
and strong; she makes her home with our subject. 

Having attended school until fifteen years of 
age, our subject then entered a merchant's office, 
where he completed his business education. He 
remained in that office as clerk until his father 
concluded to come to America, when he joined 
the family, and crossing the ocean located in Ran- 
dolph County. For a few years he assisted his 
father in the cultivation of the home farm, after 
which he came to Steeleville and entered the em- 
ploy of the firm of Lickiss <fe Son, his uncle and 
cousin, for whom he clerked three years. He then 
went to Chester and accepted a position, as book- 
keeper for John F. Schuchert, with whom he re- 
mained for three years. 

Returning to Steeleville, Mr. Lickiss embarked 
in the mercantile business, which he conducted for 
three years. He then disposed of the stock and 
accepted a position with H. C. Cole & Co., in 
whose employ he worked for twelve years. Owing 
to failing health he resigned that position, and lo- 

cating upon his farm near Steeleville, superin- 
tended the management of the estate until August, 
1893. As above stated, he now makes his home 
in Steeleville. In politics he is a Democrat and 
never fails to cast his ballot for the nominees of 
that party. Socially he affiliates with Chester 
Lodge No. 57, I. O. O. F., and has been the in- 
cumbent of the various chairs in the lodge, which 
he has also represented in the Grand Lodge. 

In 1858 Mr. Lickiss married Miss Sarah F., 
daughter of Staple and Sarah (Doty) Malone, na- 
tives of South Carolina, who came to Illinois in an 
early day. Mrs. Lickiss was born in Randolph 
County, 111., and by her marriage has become the 
mother of eleven children, eight of whom are de- 
ceased. Those living are: Rebecca, who married 
Hubert Townsend, a prominent insurance agent 
of St. Louis, Mo.; Mary F., who married Alexander 
Allison, a farmer and stock-dealer residing in 
Chester; and Alice C, who resides with her par- 
ents. Mr. Lickiss and his wife are members of the 
Baptist Church, and he is a Deacon in the congre- 
gation at Steeleville. 

SAAC C. BEARE. There is something about 
the life of a prosperous and popular }'Oung 
man very pleasant to contemplate — something 
that gives encouragement to those seeking to m.ake 
for themselves desirable positions in life. Such 
an example is given in the person of Isaac C. 
Beare, who is generally' conceded to deserve un- 
limited praise for the success he has attained, be- 
ing at the present time Count3' Clerk of Randolph 

Our subject is a native of Randoljjh County and 
was born February 20, 1860. He is the son of 
Christian and Martha L. Beare, natives of Switz- 
erland. Thev made the trip to the United States 
in 1830, locating in Stark County, Ohio, and 
about 1840 came to this county, where they fol- 
low farming. 

Isaac, of this sketch, was the sixth child in order 
of birth of his parents' family of seven children. 
He attended school some in the country, but 
gained his education mainly in the Central Wes- 

' \%v, 


".r. ,fe' JtSi^ ■ 





leyan College at Warren ton, Mo. When starting 
out in life for himself he clerked for eight months 
in his brother's store in Ellis Grove, this county, 
remaining with him until 1890. 

Mr. Beare has always been a member of the 
Democratic party, and is active in public life. In 
1890 he was elected to the important office of 
County Clerk, assuming the duties of the office 
December 4 of that year. He is a man of excel- 
lent habits, possesses a keen and intelligent mind, 
and in the incumbency of his office gives entire 
satisfaction. He possesses many social qualities 
and has a host of warm friends who delight in his 


J'OHN McQuillan, an enterprising farmer 
residing on section 17, township 3, range 8 
west, Monroe County, was born in Dayton, 
Ohio, April 2, 1820, and is a son of Ed- 
ward McQuillan, a native of the North of Ireland, 
who in early life emigrated to this country, and 
died in Brown County, Ohio. When John was 
quite a small lad his parents removed to Cincin- 
nati, and a few years later to Brown County. He 
was a youth of ten when his father died, and his 
mother died of the cholera in 1832. He was thus 
left an orphan at the age of twelve years, and 
then went to live with his eldest brother and sis- 
ter, with whom he continued until sixteen 3'ears 
of age. At that time he went to Cincinnati, and 
began serving an apprenticeship to the butcher's 
trade under Henry Cottom. Two years were spent 
in that city, after which his employer purchased a 
farm in Monroe County, III., three miles west of 
Red Bud, and our subject accompanied him to 
the west in 1839, continuing in his service for 
two 3'ears and a-half. 

In 1841, Mr. McQuillau went to St. Louis, where 
he worked at his trade, and followed other pur- 
suits whereby he might earn an honest living. He 
continued in that city until 1849, since which time 
he has lived in Monroe County. In 1847, be pur- 
chased his present farm of James Eckels, paying 
$1,000 for one hundred ^nd twenty acres. A lo<^ 
house was the only improvement upon the place, 
which was largely covered with brush, but he at 
once began to clear and develop the land, and has 

made additional purchases from time to time un- 
til he now owns twelve hundred acres in one bod 3-. 
He also has two hundred .acres in St. Clair County. 

On the otii of .September, 1842, Mr. McQuillan 
married Jliss Mary Thompson, daughter of Robert 
Thompson, who was born in England, and there 
spenthis entire life. His daughter came to America 
in 1840 with her mother, two brothers and a sister, 
and located in St. Louis. Her death occurred July 
28, 1885, and was widely mourned. Seven chil- 
dren were born of that union, of whom five are 
still living: Edward, who is fanning in St. Clair 
County; Elizabeth, wife of Louis Gregson, of Mon- 
roe C'ount3-; John, who is engaged iu merchandis- 
ing in Red Bud; Mary, wife of Theodore Klink- 
hardt, a resident farmer of tliis community; and 
Martha, wife of Joseph Roscoe. They live with 
our subject. .Sarah became the wife of Valentine 
Rapp, and died December 23, 1876. There are 
also twenty-three grandchildren. 

Mr. McQuillan is one of the oldest settlers of 
this township. His land is now operated by his 
children, and he gives his time to mechanical con- 
trivances. He lias patented three inventions — a 
cart replacer, a car coupler and a portable ladder. 
All of these are useful and will probably have a 
good sale. His home is adorned with pictures, 
the beautiful frames of which he has made in his 
leisure moments. Much of the furniture is also 
his handiwork, for he possesses great mechanical 
skill. Mr. McQuillan sUirted out in life emptv- 
handed, but by determined efforts overcame the 
obstacles in his path, and has steadily worked his 
way upward to a position of wealth and affluence. 
He is now one of the largest land-owners in the 
county. He cast his first Presidential vote for 
William Henry Harrison, and since the organiza- 
tion of the Republican party has been one of its 
stanch supporters. In religious belief he is a 

<i^*)HOMAS McINTYRE, one of the pioneers of 
1(^0^ Kan'^'jlpli County, now makes his home on 
^^^^' section 1, township 4, range 6, and has the 
confidence and esteem of the people throughout 
this part of the countiy. He is a son of John Mc- 
Intyre, who was born in 1787 in the Highlands of 



Scotland, where also his grandfather, Daniel Mc- 
Intyre, was born. 

The maiden name of the motlier of our subject 
was Margaret Oatl3-. She was born in Paislej', 
Scotland, in April, 1797, and was the daughter of 
Thomas (^atly. Her parents were born and mar- 
ried in Scotland. Mr. and Mrs. John Mclnt3-re 
resided in Renfrewshire, Scotland, where the 
former carried on his occupation of a weaver until 
1839, when he crossed the Atlantic, and after 
landing in America came west as far as Illinois, 
where he made his home. He had visited this 
country in 1804, when a lad of seventeen j-ears, 
in the interest of the Hudson Bay Fur Company, 
and had traded among the Indians. He remained 
for eleven years, and during that time learned the 
Indian language, which he could speak very well. 

After locating in Randolph County, the father 
of our subject purchased one hundred and twenty 
acres of land on section 12, township 4, which was 
then in its primitive wilderness. The following 
year, after erecting a cabin, he was joined by his 
family, who aided in hewing out a home from the 
wilderness. They suffered all the privations in- 
cidental to pioneer life. From their home to the 
Okaw River there was not a cultivated farm. 
Their neighbors were few, but Indians, deer and 
wildcats were veiy plentiful. The first year after 
coming here there was an immense prairie fire. 
Undaunted b\- obstacles, tiie father worked with 
diligence and soon accumulated considerable prop- 

The parental family included four children, of 
whom those living are, Daniel, who lives in Ar- 
kansas; John, who resides in Oklahoma; and our 
subject. The parents were members of the Pres- 
byterian Church. The father died in 1865, and 
his good wife followed him to the better land ten 
years later. John Mclntyre was a Republican in 
politics. He was very prominent among the pio- 
neers of this county, with whose interests his name 
has been inseparably connected, and his worth was 
appreciated throughout the entire community. 

Thomas Mclntyre was born September 10, 1835, 
in Renfrewshire, Scotland, and was five years of 
age when his parents emigrated to America. Their 
landing was made in New York harbor, whence they 

went to Philadelphia. From there they went to 
Pittsburgh, and later came by boat to Chester, this 
county, the trip being made down the Ohio and up 
the Mississippi River. While at Louisville, our 
subject and his brother John, who were both young 
in years, took a skiflf and began to row down the 
river. Being in ignorance of the falls, which were 
just ahead of them, they would have plungeii 
over had they not been rescued by people from 
the shore. Young Mclntyre after coming to this 
county attended school on Flat Prairie, which was 
conducted in a rude log house. 

January 31, 1876, Thomas Mclntyre and Miss 
Sarah Ann Curry were united in marriage. The 
lady was a native of Ireland, where her birth oc- 
curred January 13, 1839, and after her parents lo- 
cated in Knox Count}', Ohio, she was there reared 
to mature years and given a good education. B3' 
her union with our subject has been born one child, 
Maiy Ellen. Mrs. Mclntyre is a devoted mem- 
ber of the Reformed Presbj'terian Church, and 
although our subject is not a member, he is a reg- 
ular attendant and a liberal contributor to tlie 
same. Although in early life a Republican, he 
now reserves the right to vote for the man whom 
he considers will best fill the ofHce. He has been 
School Director of his district for sis years and is 
a man of much influence in his community. 

•il OHN H. BARTON, editor of the Herald of 
Carbondale, and one of the prominent citi- 
^,^1 . zens of the community, was born in West 
^5^^ Carlisle, Ohio, January 2, 1837. His par- 
ents, Henry and Charlotte (Harris) Barton, were 
also natives of the Buckeye State, tlie former born 
in 1809, and the latter in 1813. The mother was 
a daughter of Lazarus Harris, one of the early set- 
tlers of Ohio. Her entire life was spent in that 
state, and her death there occurred in 1857. Mr. 
Barton early in the late war enlisted in the Light 
Artillery of West Virginia, and was wounded at 
the battle of Cross Kej-s, Va. After his recoverj' 
he did hospital service in Washington, D. C, until 
discharged on account of disabilit_y resulting from 
his wound. He then continued his residence in 

Portrait ang biographical record 


the Capitol City until called to the home beyond, 
in 1890. In the Barton family were ten children, 
of whom four are yet living, namely: John H.; 
David L., of Mercer, Pa.; Vina, of Colorado 
Springs, Colo.; and Mrs. Flora Nelson, of Urichs- 
villc, Ohio. 

Our subject acquired liis education in West Bed- 
ford, Ohio, and at the age of fourteen years began 
learning the printer's trade under Joseph Medill, ou 
the Coshocton Republican, in 1851. He worked at 
the case for some time and became thoroughly famil- 
iar with the business. He was thus employed until 
October, 1860, when he removed to Cairo, 111- 
During the war he entered the service of his 
countr3', and for two years faithfully defended the 
Old Flag and the cause it represented. He held 
the rank of First Lieutenant of Company I, Eigh- 
teenth Illinois Infantry'. 

It was in September, 18G6, that Jlr. Barton ar- 
rived in Carbondale, where he has since made his 
home. He purchased the paper called the New 
Era and continued its publication until 1872, 
when he retired for a season. In 1868 he pur- 
chased the Free Press, which he sold in 1892. He 
is now at the head of the Hei-ald, which is a bright, 
newsy sheet, ably conducted and edited. It is de- 
voted to the local interests of the community and 
to the geneial advancement of civilization and 

The entire Barton famil}' has supported the Re- 
publican party, and its members have ever been 
faithful to their country. In the late war, the 
father of our subject and five of his sons were in 
the service at one time. The eldest son, Lafayette, 
was killed at the battle of Shiloh; Alonzo D. died 
from the effects of a wound received at Mills 
Springs, Kj'.; Lewis W. died from disease at Tus- 
cumbia, Ala., and John II. and David L. aie 3'et 

September 10, 1863, Mr. Barton was united in 
marriage with Miss Joanna Meagher, who was 
born in Ypsilanti, Mich., in June, 1838. She was 
educated in Cleveland, Ohio, and is a lady of cul- 
ture and refinement. Six children grace their 
union: David L., John L., E. E., Flora L., Josie 
May and Dick S. Mr. Barton is a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, and his wife belongs 

to the Catholic Church. He is a Royal Arch Mason, 
and has served as Master of the blue lodge and as 
High Priest of the chapter. He has also served as 
Commander of John W. Lawrence Post No. 297, 
G. A. R. He has frequently been sent as a dele- 
gate to the state conveniions of his party, but has 
never been an office-seeker, preferring to devote 
his entire time and attention to his business inter- 

'RITZ STUMPF is a native-born citizen of 
Monroe County and is now an important 
^\ member of its farming community, own- 

ing and ably managing a finely improved farm 
within the corporate limits of township 1, ranges 
9 and 10 west. Mr. Stumpf was the joungestson 
born to his parents. His birth occurred on his 
fntlier's homestead January 27, 18.56, and he was 
reared and educated here. He was bred to the life 
of a farmer, and having a natural taste for this 
calling, he adopted it for his life work when he 
arrived at years of discretion. He owns the old 
home estate, which comprises one hundred and 
seventeen acres, all under excellent tillage and 
amply i)rovided with neat and well ordered build- 
ings. For a period of thirteen years prior to pur- 
chasing his present estate, he farmed rented land. 
His career as a farmer has shown him to be sharp, 
practical and a good manager. He conducts his 
work in a business-like manner, so as to secure 
good returns, and the income that he derives from 
the cultivation of his land is very satisfactory. 
He is actively interested in all that pertains to the 
welfare of his native township, and no one is more 
zealous in promoting its interests than he. In 
politics Mr. Stumpf is a stanch Republican and his 
influence is used to advance the cause of his party. 
Our subject is a son of John Stumpf, who was 
born near Darmstadt, Germany, in 1819. In his 
native country he early learned the trade of a 
baker and followed it until coming to the United 
States m 1834. He at once bought forty acres of 
land in this county and township, which was a 
wild and heavily timbered piece of land, and which 
is still a part of the present estate of our subject. 



Tlie father worked hard and long to bring about 
its cultivation. John Stunipf was united in mar- 
riage with Elizabeth Rodeinech, on tlie 19th 
of April, 1838, who bore her husband nine chil- 
dren. Three of the family died in infancy, and 
those who grew to mature years are: Philip and 
Michael, farmers in this county'; Catherine, who 
married Henry Beck and resides in Columbia; 
Henrietta, wlio married William Diesel and is now 
deceased; Elizabeth, tlie wife of Paul Miller, and 
our subject. Tlie parents of this family were hon- 
ored members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church 
at New Hanover; and the fatlier passed from this 
life in 1882. His good wife is yet living and 
makes lier home with our subject. 

Our subject was married when twent3- years of 
age to Elizabeth Klohr, a daughter of Jacob and 
Margaret Klohr. Mrs. Slumpf is a native of Mon- 
roe County-, and by her union with our subject 
has become the mother of two children, Jacob and 
Catherine. She was called from this life on the 
15th of December, 1880, and Mr. Stumpf took as 
his second wife Miss Theresa, a daughter of Chris- 
tian and Theresa (Roemann) Scheler. By tiiis 
second marriage five children were born, Fred, 
Minnie, Louis, William and Edward. Mr. and 
Mrs. Stumpf are valued members of the Evangel- 
ical Lutheran Church at New Hanover and are held 
in iiigh esteem in the community in which they 



^ OHN BAER, a highly respected farmer re- 
siding on section 20, township 3, range 8 
west, Monroe Countj', was born in the 
province of Hessen, Germany, March 2, 
1818, and in the land of his birth spent the days 
of his boyhood and youth. He educated in 
its public schools and there learned the tailor's 
trade. In 1838, at the age of twenty years, he 
came to the United States, landing in Baltimore, 
Md., whence he went to Louisville, K3'., making 
the journey in a flatboat from Wheeling. In 
Louisville he worked at his trade for about two 
years and then removed to St. Louis. On leav- 
ing that cit}' he took up his residence in Belle- 

ville, 111., and later came to Monroe County, 
where for a time he worked as a farm hand. 

In 1840 Mr. Baer's parents came to America 
and entered a farm near Lebanon, St. Clair Count}'. 
Our subject aided in its operation for two years 
and then came with his father. William Baer, to 
Monroe Count}', where the latter entered Govern- 
ment land on Prairie du Round. This was a wood- 
land tr.act, but the labors of the father and sons 
cleared it, making of it a good farm, upon which 
Mr. Baer, Sr., spent his remaining da3's. In the 
family were five children, but only two are now 
living, John and Catherine. 

In May, 1847, John Baer enlisted in the Mex- 
ican War, in Company B of the St. Louis Le- 
gion, under Captain Wacliner and Colonel Eas- 
tun. He continued in the service for eighteen 
months, and mustered out in Independence, 
Mo., in October, 1848. When the war was over, 
Mr. Baer returned to this count}' and was given a 
land grant of one hundred and sixty acres in rec- 
ognition of his services. He began farming for 
himself in 1850, and in 1851 cliose as a com[)an- 
ion and helpmate on life's journey Miss Barbara 
Welsch, whose parents were natives of Germany. 
His farm was a wild and unimproved tract, not a 
furrow having been turned nor an improvement 
made thereon, but he at once began clearing it, and 
in course of time the timber land transformed 
into rich and fertile fields. For a number of years 
he carried on general farming and stock-raising, 
but his place is now rented. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Baer were born thirteen 
children, twelve of whom are yet living: William, 
a farmer of Washington; Henry, an .igriculturist 
of Belleville, III.; John, who is living in San Fran- 
cisco; Louisa, wife of John Wicklein; John Jacob; 
Sophia, wife of John Valentine, of Monroe Coun- 
ty; George August and Ernest William, both of 
whom are farmers of Washington; Catherine 
Mary, wife of Carl Ilartman, a merchant of Burks- 
ville; Magdelena, wife of Herbert Burt, of Wash- 
ington; August, Carl and Carrie, who are still at 

In politics Mr. Baer is a supporter of Republican 
principles. For one year he served as Town- 
ship Supervisor, and for many years has been 



School Director. The cause of education finds in 
him a warm friend and he takes an active interest 
in everytliing pertaining to the welfare of the com- 
munitj' and its upbuilding. He is a member of 
the Evangelical Church, and is one of the oldest 
settlers of the township. He can relate many in- 
teresting incidents of the da^'S when tliis was a 
pioneer settlement, and iie lived in true frontier 
stj'le. His life has been well and worthily passed, 
and by his own industrious efforts he has acquired 
the competence which now enables him to live 

-^v o♦o.•@^><^■.o♦o.. V- 

EWIS LEMEN, a representative farmer of 
?g) township 3, range 9, living on section 7, 
^ was born in Monroe County, Jul3- 29, 1853, 
and is a son of Josiah D. and Susan (Bales) Lemen, 
both of whom were natives of Illinois. The father 
was born and reared in tliiscountr3', and attended 
the common schools, where he completed his edu- 
cation. A well spent life and close attention to 
the details of his business made his career a pros- 
perous one. He was a good neiglibor and a kind 
hearted man, and the community recognized in 
him a valued citizen. His wife left an orphan 
when quite young. She proved to her husband a 
faithful companion and helpmate, but siie died in 
December, 1863, at the early age of twenty-nine 
3'ears. The}' were the parents of six children: 
Lewis, William, Albert, Jennie, and two who died 
in infancy. Mr. Lemen married for his second wife 
Bridget Riley, who is also now deceased. Of the 
six children of that union three died in infancy. 

Tlie great-grandfather of our subject, Elder 
James Lemen, was the third son of the Rev. James 
and Catherine Lemen, who emigrated from Vir- 
ginia to Illinois in 1786. They were the parents 
of six sons and two daughters, all of whom were 
leading members of the Baptist Church, four of 
the sons being ordained ministers. Elder James 
Lemen was born in Illinois, October 8, 1787, and 
was the second white child born of American par- 
entage in this territoiy. When about twenty j-ears 
of age, he joined the church and commenced 
preaching. He was ordained in New Design, 111., 
in the only Baptist Church in the state, in 1809, 

the organization having been effected in 1796. He 
and Elder John Baugh were the only members of 
what was then known as Cantine Creek Church, 
now Bethel Church, with which Elder Lemen con- 
tinued his membership for over sixty years, or un- 
til the time of his death. He was an active and 
efficient minister of the Gospel, who traveled far 
and wide organizing and building churches and 
laboring with marked success. He did his work in 
Illinois, Missouri and other western states. His 
father was the first person baptized by immer- 
sion in Illinois, and at the father's ordination 
Elder Lemen assisted. He also preached his fa- 
ther's funeral sermon, and his brother Joseph 
[)reached the funeral sermon of their mother. By 
the marriage of Mr. Lemen and Polly Pullian, 
which was celebrated on the 8th of December, 
1813, were born eleven children. On Tuesday 
evening, February 8, 1867, the life of this good 
man ended. He walked fearlessly in the path of 
duty, and nothing could turn him from the course 
which he believed to be right. He was conscien- 
tious and true in all things, and lived as a faithful 
follower of the divine teaching. He was untiring 
in his labors in the ministry, and both by precept 
and example he led manj- to enter the straight and 
narrow way. On his death, the following resolu- 
tions were passed: 

Whereas, God in His wisdom and goodness has 
seen fit to remove from us our beloved brother, 
the Rev. James Lemen, Therefore 

Resolved, That in his deatli, the ministers aud 
churches of this association liave lost an eternal 
friend and wise counselor; that 1)3' his firm ad- 
herence to, and advocacy of, Bible doctrine, com- 
pleted with his consistent Christian life, he not 
only endeared himself to us while he lived, but 
left a name and memoiy that unite us to him and 
the God whom he loved, a memory that gives 
warning in danger, cheerfulness in adversity and 
Iiumility in prosperit}'. 

That in this heavy blow we recognize Him who 
handles the rod, and that we praise Him for the 
grace which enabled the departed and ourselves to 
know it was for our mutual and eternal good. 

That we sympathize with the afflicted relatives, 

hoping that tlie\' may so imitate the virtues of the 

departed that he may not i)rove to he lost to them, 

but onlj' gone before. 

1 Lewis Lemen was reared in Illinois, and re- 


iHHrriurr and biographical record. 

mained with his parents uutil llieir deaths. He 
was married May 19, 1881, to Mary V. Tolin, and 
they liave become the parents of four children, 
Clyde v., p:dith I., Carrie M.and William T. The 
wife and mother was born on the farm which is now 
her home. In early life she attended the common 
schools, and at the age of sixteen entered Almira 
College, at Greenville, III., where she studied tliree 
terms. She is a woman of intelligence, well posted 
on matters pertaining to history, and is a fine con- 

Mr. and Mrs. Lemen began their domestic life 
upon the farm where they yet reside, and in con- 
nection with agricultural pursuits lie has also en- 
gaged in teaching. He entered upon this work at 
the age of twenty years, and followed it for fif- 
teen consecutive years, after which lie rested from 
that labor foi- a few years. He is now teaching 
near Columbia, and is recognized as a competent 
and able instructor. The cause of education has 
ever found in him a warm friend, and he believes 
it to be one of the safeguards of the nation. He 
has served as vSchool Director for several years. 

In his political views, Mr. Lemen is a Populist 
and takes an active part in local politics. JSociall}', 
he is connected with the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen. Both he and his wife are faithful mem- 
bers of the Baptist Church, and are highly re- 
spected citizens, who hold an enviable position in 
social circles. They are worthy representatives of 
one of the oldest families of the state, and well de- 
serve mention in this volume. 

\Ti OIIX MrCLINTON is one of the native sons 
of Randolph County, and a leading and in- 
(lucntial farmer of township 5, range 5. He 
was born here September 22, 1822, his par- 
ents being Samuel and Nancy (Miller) McClin- 
ton. His grandfather, John McClinton, was a 
native of Ireland, and when a small boy was 
brought by his parents to this country, the family 
locating in South Carolina. He came to Randolph 
County' in 1802, and his death occurred the fol- 
lowing year. He was a blacksmith and farmer, 
and on removing westward, bought Government 

land near Kaskaskia, becoming one of the first sel- 
lers of that locality. 

Samuel McClintou was born in the Abbeyville 
District of South Carolina in the year 1800, and 
was brought by his parents to Illinois, where he 
spent the remainder of his da3's. Throughout life 
he followed the occupation of farming. He died 
in 1856, on the old homestead, three miles north of 
Sparta. His wife, who was also born in the Ab- 
beyville District, passed away in Randolph Coun- 
ty in 1841. Both were faithful members of the 
United Presbyterian Church, and were highly re- 
spected. Their family numbered six sons and five 
daughters, and with one exception the children 
are all yet living, namely: John, Jurenda, Will- 
iam, James, Berele, David, Joseph, Serena, Mary, 
BetS3' J. and Nancy J. 

In the county of his birth, John McClinton 
spent the days of his boyhood and youth. The 
subscription schools afforded him his educational 
privileges, and he remained with his parents until 
he had attained his majority. He thus became 
familiar with all the duties of farm life, and to 
agricultural pursuits has since devoted his ener- 
gies. As a companion and helpmate on life's jour- 
ney he chose Miss Mary Keuned^^, who was born 
near Fayetteville, Tenn. They were married in 
1844, and became the parents of six sons and two 
daughters: William T., now residing in Kansas; 
James R.; Mary, deceased; Samuel, also of Kansas; 
Joseph C., who is living in Indian Territory; John 
F.; Clinton A., of Idaho; and Millie V., the wife 
of James W. Hood. 

Soon after his marriage, Mv. McClinton pur- 
chased forty acres of land and began farming for 
himself. He cultivated that tract until 1856, when 
he purchased his present farm. He now owns one 
hundred and thirt}' acres of rich and highly cul- 
tivated land, pleasantly situated four miles south- 
east of Sparta, and the farm is one of the finest in 
the community. The owner is recognized as a 
progressive agriculturist, and the neat appearance 
of his place indicates to the passer-by his enter- 
prise. In politics, Mr. McClinton has been a Re- 
publican since the organization of the party. His 
first Presidential vote was cast for John P. Hale. 
He and his family are members of tte United 



Presbyterian Church, and are people of promi- 
nence in this commnnity, holding an enviable 
position in social circles where true worth and in- 
telligence aie received as the passports into good 

/RITZ BEGEM ANN, who resides in Steele- 
^ ville and follows farming in Randolph 
County, being one of the successful agri- 
culturists of the community, claims Germany as 
the land of his birth, which occurred about 1840. 
He was the fourtli child born unto Henry and 
Wilhelmina ( Westenbarger) Begemann, who were 
also natives of Germany. The father followed 
farming in that country until 1848, when he bade 
adieu to his old home, and, accompanied by bis 
family, sailed for America, liaving determined to 
try iiis fortune in the New World. He located 
near Steeleville, where he engaged in farming 
until retiring from active business life on account 
of his advanced years. Me died in 1872, at the 
age of seventy-three. His wife departed this life 
in 1849, soon after coming to America. 

The subject of this sketch attended school in his 
native land until the emigration of the family to 
the United States, which occurred wiien he was a 
lad of eiglit summers. He was afterward a stu- 
dent in the public schools near Steeleville, and 
tliere acquired a good Englisli education. In early 
life he became familiar with all of tlie departments 
of farm work, and aided liis father in tiie cultiva- 
tion of the home farm until lie had attained his 
majority, when he started out in life for himself. 
He worked as a farm hand for four years, after 
which be engaged in teaming between Steeleville 
and Chester for a period of seven years. When 
that time iiad expired, he engaged in farming for 
himself and has since carried on agricultural pur- 
suits. His land is always under a high state of 
cultivation and well improved, and he is regarded 
as one of the practical and progressive farmers of 
Randolpli County. 

In 1863 Mr. Begemann was united in marriage 
with Miss Marcella, daughter of Charles F. and 
Sarah (Bryan) Jay. Eight children were born 

of their union, but Allen died at the age of 

three years. Those still living are: Emma, wife 
of William Moulic, a prominent druggist of Percy; 
Mary and John, who are at home; Alice A., wife 
of James Gillespie, a resident of Steeleville, 111.; 
Fred, Albert and Bernice, who are yet attending 
school. Mr. Begemann resides in Steeleville in 
order to give his children the better educational 
advantages of the town and thus fit them for the 
practical duties of life. The family is one of 
prominence in the community, and its members 
rank higjj in the social circles in which they move. 
Mr. and Mrs. Begemann are members of the 
Methodist Church, in which he serves as Trustee, 
and are active workers in the Master's vineyard. 
By his ballot he supports the Prohibition party. 
He has served as Township Supervisor for three 
years, and has been a member of the Board of 
Trustees of Steeleville for seven years. His long 
continued service well indicates his fidelity to 
duty and the confidence and trust reposed in him 
by liis fellow-townsmen, who regard him as one 
of the valued citizens of the community and hold 
him in high esteem on account of the many ex- 
cellencies of his character. 

/p^EORGE H. BILDERBACK. The agricult- 
fll __ urists of Randolph County are, as a rule, 
^^4' possessed of general intelligence, a thor- 
ough understanding of their calling and great en- 
ergy, and they therefore rank well among the 
farmers the world over. One of these gentlemen 
who are successful!}' pursuing the peaceful occu- 
pation of tilling the soil is our subject, whose 
comfortable estate is located on section 25, town 
ship 7, range 6. 

Mr. Bilderback is a native of this county, and 
was born near Kaskaskia April 3, 1826. He is 
the second child in a family of eight children 
born to John and Sarah (McCormick) Bilderback, 
who were also natives of Randolph County, where 
the father died in 1837, and the mother departed 
this life in 1853. George H. obtained a limited edu- 
cation in the schools near his home. His father 
d^'ing when he was but eleven years of age, he was 



eomiielled to aid in tlie cariying on of tlie home 
farm in order to support his mother and sisters. 

Mr. Hilderback has always followed the occupa- 
tion of a farmer, and when ready to establish a 
lionie of his own, in 1856, he was married to Miss 
Nanc\' A., daughter of James F. and Rachael 
(Long) Glenn. Mrs. Bilderback was born in Ohio, 
of which state her parents were natives, and was 
fifteen 3ears of age when she accompanied them 
on their removal to this state. By her union with 
our subject twelve children have been born, of 
wliom those living are: Sarah R., who is the wife of 
Clarence Barber, and resides in this count}'; Will- 
iam II.; who married Elizabeth Moore, and resides 
near his father; Alice A., who married William C. 
Bilderback and lives near the old home; INIargaret 
N., who is tiie wife of Charles Moore, and makes 
her home near Rockwood; and Wallace E., at home. 

Our subject and his estimable wife, together 
with tbeir eldest daughter, are members of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church and have established 
a cozy home, where they welcome their hosts of 
friends. Mr. Bilderback is greatly respected in 
the county where his life has been passed, and his 
career has been creditable in the extreme. He has 
served as School Trustee and Director, and is ear- 
nest in his efforts to forward the educational inter- 
ests of this locality. He is a member of the Re- 
publican party, and cast liis first vote for General 

. • ^ P • 

eOL. B. L. WILEY was born in Jefferson 
. Count}', Ohio, in 1821, and is a son of 
Abel Wiley. His father was a native of 
Maryland, and was a carpenter and cabinet-maker 
by trade. About the time of his marriage he re- 
moved to the Buckeye State, locating in Jefferson 
County, where he lived until 1857, when he came 
with his family to Illinois. His last days were 
spent in the liome of the Colonel, and after his 
death his widow went to live with her daughter 
in Putnam County, 111. 

Colonel Wiley's educational privileges were quite 
limited. For many years he worked at the car- 
penter's trade as a means of livelihood. In 1846 
he enlisted in the Mexican AVar, and served as a 

non-commissioned officer for a year. Previous to 
that service he had come to Illinois, where he en- 
gaged in teaching school. In 1847 he located in 
Jonesboro, this state, where he followed carpenter- 
ing for some time. 

On tlie 5th of December, 1850, theColonel was 
united in mariiage with Miss Emily, daughter ol 
Winstead Davie, of Union County, 111. The lady 
was born in 1830, in that county, and tliere they 
began their domestic life, but in 1860 came to 
Jackson County and settled upon the old home 
farm. The following year Mr. Wiley responded 
to President Lincoln's call for troops, enlisting in 
the Fifth Illinois Cavalry. He was appointed 
Lieutenant-Colonel by Governor Yates, and served 
in that capacity until 1863, when he resigned and 
returned. He then entered the Provost-Marshal's 
office in Cairo, where he was employed until 1865, 
when he returned to the farm. The four suc- 
ceeding years of his life were devoted to agricult- 
ural pursuits, and in 1869 he was appointed by 
Governor Palmer as Commissioner of the Insane 
Asylum at Anna, which position he filled for three 

Unto the Colonel and Mrs. Wiley were born 
nine children, eight of whom are yet living, viz.: 
AVilliam, John, Anna, Ben, Dan, Ciiarles, Mary 
and Henry. James is now deceased. Colonel 
Wiley was a prominent and influential member of 
the Masonic fraternity, which he joined during 
the Mexican War, and was Deputy Grand Master 
of the state. On the organization of the Repub- 
lican party he joined its ranks, and was ever one 
of its stalwart supporters. He was one of the few 
who voted for Fremont in 1856 in this locality. 
For many years he was County Commissioner, and 
was twice nominated for Congress. His death oc- 
curred in March, 1890, and many warm friends 
mourned his loss, for he was a prominent and 
highly respected citizen. 

John Wiley, son of the Colonel, was born Au- 
gust 10, 1854, in Jonesboro, 111. He was educated 
in the district schools, and spent his childhood 
days in the usual manner of farmer lads. In 1880 
he married Margaret Applegate, who was born in 
Williamson County, 111., April 12, 1854, and is a 
daughter of Louis Applegate, a native of Ohio, 

C/y^ ceOfT/. ^^ g/7^<^^^ 



and a veteran of the Civil War, who is still living 
in Jackson Conntj-. Four children grace the union 
of Mr. and Mrs. Wiley: Charles, Bessie, Fannie 
and John. 

Mr. Wile_y is now the owner of eighty acres of 
land, the greater part of which is cievoted to fruit- 
growing. In his business dealings he lias met with 
good success and acquired a comfortable compe- 
tence. He holds membership with the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, and belongs to the Masonic fra- 
ternity of Makanda. In politics he is a Repub- 
lican. He has served on the School Board, and for 
two terms has been Township Supervisor. He is 
a representative and progressive citizen, one who 
manifests a commendable interest in everything 
pertaining to the welfare of the community. 

l®), ^^^mh... ,(Sj 

(^ '^f^^'" ^^ 

REDERICK KOCH, Sn., who is living a re- 
tired life in Columbia, was born in the 
kingdom of Prussia, Germany, August 7, 
1828, and is a son of Frederick and Christina 
Koch. His bo3'hood days were spent in his native 
land, and its public schools afforded him his edu- 
cational privileges. He learned the trade of car- 
pentering with his father. When aj'oung man of 
twenty-two he determined to stek a home and for- 
tune beyond the Atlantic, and has never had oc- 
casion to regret the fact that he carried out his 

In 1850 Mr. Koch sailed for America, and took 
up bis residence in AVaterloo, where for one year 
he worked at his trade. In 1851 he came to Col- 
umbia and embarked in business as a carpenter, 
continuing operations along that line until 1876, 
when he began farming. He had previously pur- 
chased land in the American bottoms, where he 
now owns eight hundred acres. All is under a 
high state of cultivation and well improved, and 
to the raising of grain his time has been devoted. 
His first purchase of land was a tract of three acres 
near Columbia. In 1864 he bought one hundred 
and seventeen acres, and to this he has added from 
time to time as his financial resources would per- 

mit, until he is now one of the extensive land- 
owners of the county. 

In 1851 Mr. Koch was united in marriage with 
Miss Johanna Genzel. The lady is a native of 
Prussia, Germany, and came to America in the 
year of her marriage. A family of six children 
has been born to them, namely: Frederick, who is 
now a contractor and builder of Columbia; Annie, 
wife of Fred Jleyer, a prominent merchant of this 
place; Louisa, now the wife of George Young, a 
rejuesentative farmer of Columbia Precinct, Mon- 
roe County; Harriet, wife of Albert Kuener, who 
is employed as a traveling salesman; Henrietta, 
wife of Joseph Southof, who is clerking in Colum- 
bia; and Emma, wife of Charles Rey, a resident 
farmer of Hanover Precinct. 

Mr. Koch has a pleasant home in Columbia, 
which stands as a monument of his enterprise. On 
all sides are seen his handiwork, for he has erected 
many buildings in this place. In his business deal- 
ings he has met with prosperity, for he carries for- 
ward to a successful completion whatever he un- 
dertakes, and by his own efforts he has worked his 
wa}' upw-ard from an humble position to one of 
wealth and afliuence. In politics he is a supporter 
of the Democratic party and its principles, but has 
never been an office-seeker. He and his family are 
all members of the Evangelical Church, in which 
he has served as Trustee. A public-spirited and 
progressive citizen, he manifests a commendable 
interest in everything pertaining to the welfare of 
the community, and well deserves representation 
in the history of his adopted county. 

I^^^ENRY C. COLE. The following is a 
Wji, brief sketch of the career of Mr. Cole. lie 
'A^ is a member of the H. C. Cole Milling 
(j^ Company, of Chester, and devotes the 
greater part of his time and attention to purchas- 
ing supplies in the way of grain for their large 
nulls. A native of this city he was born May 
13, 1852, and is the fourth child in a family of six 
children born to Herman C. and Emily (Cocks) 
Cole. He passed his boj'hood in attendance at the 
public schools, and later continued his studies in the 



University of Illinois at Champaign. In 1873 here- 
turned to this city and engaged with his father in 
the milling business. lie continued thus employed 
until the death of tlie latter, in 1874, when the 
business was transferred to the tliree sons, the other 
members of the firm being Charles B. and Zachary 
T. They operated under the firm name of H. C. 
Cole (t Co. until Julj-, 1888, when the style was 
changed to the H. C. Cole Milling Company-, by 
which it is known throughout this portion of the 

The marriage of our subject with Miss Blanche 
Dolbee occurred April 24, 1878. Mrs. Cole was 
born .Tune ,5, 1852, in Alton, and was the daughter 
of Shadrach H. and Hannah E. Dolbee. B\' her 
union with our subject have been born three sons 
and three daughters, to whom they are giving 
good educationb^, fitting them to occup}- honorable 
positions in life. 

Mr. Cole has always been keenly alive to the in- 
terests of his counts, and has been an important 
factor in promoting them. He has been the re- 
cipient of public honors from his fellow-citizens, 
who have lecognized his superior business tact and 
other fine qualifications and have called him to 
assist in the administration of public affairs. He 
has been Alderman of the city, and is at present a 
member of the School Board. 

\TU^ ON. JOHN .J. DOUGLAS, a progressive 
ifjj farmer of township 7, range 6, Randolpii 
/•y^ Count}-, has risen to a position in agricult- 
1^; ural affairs which many might env\-. He 
was born in the citj' of Chester, August 17, 1849, 
and has since made his home in this count}-. His 
father, Jolin Douglas, Sr., was born in Roxburgh- 
shire, Scotland, and was a son of James, who lived 
and died in Scotland. His wife, the grandmother 
of our subject, came to America, and settled in 
Chester in 1843. Her son John was at that time 
twenty-nine j'ears of age. He was a miller by trade, 
* and worked in tlie Holmes Mills at Chester until 
July 4, 1849, when he died with cholera. He was 
married in September of the previous year to Mar- 
garet Craig, who became the mother of our sub- 

ject. Mrs. Margaret Douglas was a daughter of 
John and Sarah Craig, who resided on a farm near 

His mother dying when he was but a lad of six 
years, our subject went to live with an uncle, 
James Douglas. He was cared for by him the 
same as though one of his own children, and at- 
tended the counti-}- schools, at the same time learn- 
ing the duties of farm work. When fifteen years 
old, his ancle died, but our subject still remained 
on the farm, helping to support the faniih- for 
three years, when he went to learn the trade of a 
miller at Chester. He completed his apprentice- 
ship in three years, and aftetwaid attended the 
commercial college of Bryant & Stratton at St. 
Louis, completing the course and fitting himself 
to enter business. 

AVhen twenty-three years of age. our subject com- 
menced farming on his own account on the land 
which is still his home. The farm at the time of 
his settlement on it consisted of one hundred and 
twenty acres of only partially improved land, but 
by hard work and sagacious management he has 
made it one of the finest farms to be found in the 
county and it now comprises three hundred and 
twent}' broad and fertile acres. He carries on 
general farming and stock-raising, and his land 
yields him abundant harvests in return for the 
labor expended. In 1871, Mr. Douglas took a 
trip across the Atlantic, visiting the old home of 
his parents. 

October 30, 1872, John J. Douglas and Miss 
Belle Adams were united in marriage. Mrs. Doug- 
las is a daughter of David and Margaret (Doug- 
las) Adams, both natives of Scotland, while the 
daughter was born in this county. To this mar- 
riage have been born the following named children : 
Alice, Everett, Irving, Elmer, Robert and Maggie, 
the last two being twins. They are all at home 
and constitute a happy faniil}'. Mr. and Mrs. 
Douglas are devoted members of the Presbyterian 

In his political affiliations our subject is a stanch 
Republican, and in 1892 was elected a member of 
the Thirty-eighth General Assembly, to represent 
Randolph, Perr}- and Monroe Counties in the 
State Legislature, During this session he served 



on the Road tind Bridges, Fees and Salaries, Mines 
and Mining and tlie Horticultural Committees, 
making a careful and diligent member. He is 
classed among the pre-eminently successful agri- 
culturists of bis township and has lost no opportu- 
nity for improving his estate or contributing to 
the welfare of the community, who hold him in 
such high esteem. 



^,- XTON SCHIEFERSTEIK, one of the prom- 
( @/u [[ inent and successful farmers of Monroe 

Ij Hi County, who carries on agricultural pur- 
suits on section 1, township 3, range 10 
west, claims German3' as the land of his birth, 
which occurred on the 16th of February, 1825. 
His parents, Casper and Mary (Keambel) Schiefer- 
stein, were also natives of the same countr^^ and 
in its schools were well educated. The father 
earned a livelihood by selling yeast. He and his 
wife never left their native land, but continued 
there to reside until called to the home be3'ond. 
Thej' were both members of the Lutheran Church, 
and both died when about Qfty-two jears of age. 

Under the parental roof Anton Schieferstein 
passed his boj'hood days, and in the public schools 
was educated, becoming familiar with all the com- 
mon branchesof learning. When he started out in 
life for himself, he worked as a farm hand by the 
year for $15. After his marriage, he also engaged 
in peddling yeast, as did his father. Ere leav- 
ing his native land, he chose as a companion and 
helpmate on life's journey Miss Catherine Gard- 
ner, who was also born in Germany. 

Hoping to at least secure a comfortable home, if 
not a fortune, in the isew World, Mr. Schieferstein 
left the Fatherland and with his family crossed the 
briny deep. On arriving in this country, he came 
direct to Monroe Count}-, 111., and as he had no 
capital with which to purchase land, he rented a 
farm for two years. By industry- and enterprise 
he was enabled to secure some money during that 
period, and on its expiration he bought eighty 
acres of land near where he now lives. He has 
added to this from time to time as his financial re- 
sources have increased, until he now owns over 

four hundred acres of valuable land under a high 
state of cultivation and well improved. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Schieferstein were born ten 
children, but six of the number are now deceased. 
The four still livuig are, Lizzie, Lena, Ben and 
Josephine. The last-named is still with her par- 
ents, but the others are all married. Our subject 
and his wife hold membership with the Lutheran 
Church, contribute liberall}' to its support, and 
take an active interest in its welfare. In his polit- 
ical views, Mr. Schieferstein is a stalwart Republi- 
can. He has led a busy and useful life, and by his 
well directed efforts, perseverance and economy, he 
has accumulated a valuable property, and his com- 
fortable competence now enables him to live re- 
tired. He rents his land, and in his elegant home 
he is spending his declining years in rest from all 
business cares. He is a leading and influential 
citizen, and one who has the high regard of all 
with whom he has been brought in contact. 

'^OHN FULLFORD. The name of FuUford 
is known and respected throughout Ran- 
^^ ] dolph County as belonging to one of the 
'f^if.' earliest pioneers of this section of the coun- 
try. The present representative of the name is a 
son of an old pioneer, who for many years has 
been an important factor in the agricultural life 
of township 7, range 6, where he is one of the 
well-to-do citizens. 

John Fullford was born on the home farm where 
he still resides November 9, 1848, and is the 
younger of the two sons born to Thomas and Mary 
A. (Tudor) Fullford, natives of England. The 
parents were married in their native country, and 
on coming to America in 1846, the father worked 
in the rolling mills in New York State for seven 
j'ears. At the expiration of that time deciding to 
trj' his fortunes in this then western countr}', he 
came to Illinois and located upon the farm which 
we have mentioned. Here he followed the avoca- 
tion of a farmer for many j'ears, and retired from 
active work fifteen years prior to his decease, 
which occurred January 27, 1893. His widow is 



still living, at the age of seventy-three years, and 
makes her home with our subject. 

Tlie subject of this sketch obtained his educa- 
tion in the district scliool near his home, and be- 
ing reared to farm pursuits, lias spent his entire 
life following that occupation. His elder brother, 
Thomas, dying in infancy, our subject on the de- 
cease of his father fell heir to his numerous estates 
and is now kept bus3' looking after iiis propertj', 
which comprises both farm lands and city real 
estate. He is a man of influence in his community 
and is numbered among tlie successful men of 
Randolph County. 

In 1877 John FuUford and Miss Mary, daughter 
of John Turner, of Louisiana, were united in mar- 
riage. Their union has been blessed by the birth of 
seven children, Alice Oracle, Lydia Priscilla, Ar- 
thur Jewett, Ruby I'earl, Ebba Jewell, Ida Cecil 
and Florence Elbe. In political matters, Mr. FuU- 
ford is a Republican in the national elections, 
but in local affairs reserves the right to vote for 
the best man, irrespective of party. 



UILLIAM H. HUBBARD, the able editor 
of the Free Press of Carboudale, is a na- 
^Jf^ five of the Empire State, and his birth 
occurred in Castile, on the 29th of June, 1849. 
His fatlier, William II. Hubbard, was born in New 
York in 1821, and is a son of Pliny and Charity 
(Brooks) Hubbard, the former born in Vermont, 
and the latter in the Empire State. He was a 
solder in the War of 1812. The Hubbard family 
was founded in America by three brothers of Eng- 
lish birth, who in early Colonial days braved the 
dangers of an ocean voyage to found homes in 
the New World. One settled in Connecticut, an- 
other in Massachusetts, and the third in Vermont. 
Nearly all of the Hubbards in America are de- 
scendants of these three brothers. 

The mother of our subject bore the maiden 
name of Evelyn P. Wells. She was born in New 
York in 1825, and was a daughter of Walter and 
Abigail (Chapin) Wells. Her father served in the 
War of 1812, and drew a pension until his death. 
Mr. and Mrs. William H. Hubbard, Sr., located 

near Canandaigua, N. Y., and made their home in 
the Empire State until 1875, when they emigrated 
to Michigan, locating at Ferry, where the father 
carried on merchandising and fanning. He was 
practically the owner of that town. About 1880 
he went to Chicago, afterward resided in Texas, 
and later took up his residence in Kansas City, 
Mo., but he is now once more actively engaged in 
business in Chicago as President of tiie Rutland 
Fire Insurance Company, although he makes his 
home in Kansas City. In his family were Bve 
cliildren: Foster W., William H., Charles P., Frank 
L., and Nellie L., the wife of F. M. Hosmer. 

Mr. Hubbard whose name heads this sketch 
began his education in the schools of Phelps, 
N. Y., and completed it in Syr.acuse in 1867. He 
then began reading law in that city and was ad- 
mitted to the Bar. Opening an office, he engaged 
in practice in Syracuse until 1875, which j-ear 
witnessed his removal to Hart, Mich, where he 
followed his profession until 1879. During that 
time he served as Prosecuting Attorney of the 
county. In 1879 he again went to Syracuse, 
where he continued in practice until 1888, when 
he returned to Michigan and bought the St. Joseph 
County (Mich.) liepublican, which paper he pub- 
lished until 1890. In that year he moved the 
plant to Carbondale, and established the Jackson 
County Republican. The paper is now known as 
the Republican Free Press. When a boy, Mr. Hub- 
bard had learned the printer's trade, and his prac- 
tical knowledge of the business now serves him in 
good stead. 

Our subject was married in Geneva, N. Y., in 
1867, to Mary I. Ide, a native of the Empire State, 
who was born in February, 1849, and is a daugli- 
ter of Darius and Mar^' (Colburn) Ide, also of 
New York. Mrs. Hubbard died in 1887, leaving 
two children, M. Evelyn and Charles W. In 1888 
Mr. Hubbard wedded Ida Britton, who was born 
in S.yracuse, N. Y., in 1852, and is a daughter of 
Matliias and Fiances S. (Hibbard) Britton. Her 
father was a prominent militia officer in New 
York. Our subject and his wife have a daughter, 
Mildred B. The parents are both prominent niern- 
bers of the Presbyterian Church and take an active 
part in its work. Mr. Hubbard is now teaching a 



class of young ladies in the Sunday-school, while 

liis wife is in charge of the infant class. Socially, 
he is a member of the Masonic lodge of Cayuga, 
N. Y., of which he has been Senior Deacon; lie be- 
longs to Oceana Chapter No. 56, R. A. M., of 
Pentwater, jfich; and Central City Commandery 
No. 25 of Syracuse, N. Y. He takes a very active 
part in politics, and alwajs supports the men and 
measures of the Republican party. 

^' OHN D. SMITH, a prosperous general agri- 
I culturist and successful stock-raiser resid- 
j ing upon one of the best farms in Ran- 
li^// dolph County, in townsiiip 7, range 6, has 
for two decades been identified with the advance- 
ment of his present home interests, and, widely 
known, is highly esteemed for his business ability 
and sterling integritj' of character. 

The father of our subject, David Smith, was 
born in Pennsjivania, his father bearing the same 
name. He came with his father to Monroe County, 
this state, in an early da}- and assisted in clearing 
a home out of the wilderness. They resided here 
some time before the latter passed from this 
life. He was a teacher by profession, a hatter by 
trade and a very successful man in his business 
affairs. David, Jr., gained his primary education 
in his native state, and after coming to Illinois 
was engaged for some time as a stage-coach driver. 
He was married to Miss Fannie Lylie, and later, in 
1844, he, with his family, removed to Missouri. 
But remaining in that state only two years, he 
again came to Illinois and located in Chester, fol- 
lowing the trade of a butcher, besides carrying on 
general farming and stock-raising to some extent. 
He died about 1878, while liis good wife is still 
living and makes her home in Chester, at the ad- 
vanced age of seventy-four years. 

Born Januarj' 18, 1842, in Monroe County, 111., 
our subject is the eldest in a family of five chil- 
dren born to his worthy- parents. He was brought 
to Randolph County when but two years old, 
and here received his limited education. He as- 
sisted his father in the butcher's business when a 
lad of ten 3ears, and on attaining his majority was 

given a half- interest. This partnership continued 
until the death of the father, when our subject 
conducted the business alone until 1889. Some 
years before this, however, Mr. Smith bought a 
fine farm and on the above date located thereon. 
He has since been engaged in its cultivation, and 
here he is carrying on mixed farming, paying con- 
siderable attention to the raising of fine stock. 
He prepares his own feed by steaming it, prefer- 
ring this to the raw. ' The Union Creamery is sit- 
uated on Mr. Smitii's farm, in which he is one of 
the principal stockholders. It has been running 
only about two 3-ears, but is one of the leading 
establishments of its kind in the county, handling 
about thirty-five hundred pounds of milk per day. 
Mr. Smith was married in October, 1863, to 
Margaret E. Aldridge, a daughter of Amasa and 
Roxana (Gray) Aldridge, natives of Massachusetts. 
Their union has been blessed by the birtii of eight 
children, one of whom died in infancy. The liv- 
ing are: Channing, who married Dais\- Douglas 
and resides on a farm near his father; Chester, 
who is engaged in the Clarion office at Chester, 
and married Annie Paulis; Eunice, Bertha, Harry, 
Gertie and Edna. The last-named are yet under 
the parental roof. Mrs. Smith is a member of the 
Methodist Church, while Mr. Smith is not identi- 
fied with any denomination. Socially, our subject 
is a member of Lodge No. 276, A. F. & A. M., at 
Chester, and is a stanch Democrat in politics. 


=^>J ••• ^^^jte •?• .-^» — ii'<D | » 

^lENJAMIN F. CLORE. There is no inher- 
itance so rich as the records of the worthj' 
lives of those who have departed from this 
world and gone to receive the reward which 
awaits them in Heaven. That death loves a shin- 
ing mark was illustrated when it became known 
that Benjamin F. Clore, one of Randolph Count\''s 
best known citizens, had departed this life. He 
was born in Boone County, K^-., November 2, 1832, 
and was a child of two years at the time his father, 
Abram Clore, removed to this county. 

Our subject attended the common schools of his 
neighborhood, and amid adverse surroundings 
gained the rudiments of his education. His par- 



ents when locating here made their home at the 
mouth of St. Mary's River, near Chester, wliere 
our subject spent his entire life on a farm, and 
where his death occurred December 19, 1891. His 
marriage With Miss Liieinda Rupert occurred De- 
cember 1, 1854, and Mrs. Clore at her death, June 
7, 1874, left a famil3- of four sons and tiiree 
daughters, of whom we make the following men- 
tion: Franklin F. married Ella Condor; Albert C. 
married Anna Clendenine; Gilford became the 
husband of Amanda Dillinger; Alice became the 
wife of Hermann Grab; Harriet L. married Cliarles 
Keith, and after his death became the wife of Mr. 
Tiiebold; Lucretia married Vincent Tucker, and 
Zachariah O. is still single. 

The lady whom our subject chose as his second 
companion Mrs. Mel vina F. Tingle, their union 
taking place May 7, 1876. Mrs. Clore died Octo- 
ber 1 of the next year, and November 2, 1880, our 
subject was married to Mrs. Salinda (Moore) Petit, 
daughter or John and Elizabeth (Mausker) Moore. 
Mrs. Salinda Clore was born and reared in this 
county, and by her union with our subject became 
the mother of four children, of whom the eldest is 
Nora S. Ozias died when six years of age, and 
Kennetli and Franklin May are residing with their 
mother, who still lives on the home farm. 

Mr. and Mrs. Clore were active members of the 
Methodist Church, and in his political relations 
our subject was a stanch Democrat. He was well 
known to the citizens of this section, and his cor- 
rect mode of living gained for him a popularity 
which was merited in every respect. 





PAUL I ROSE. Township 7, range 6, Ran- 
dolph Count}', is the home of many intelli- 
gent, industrious and prosperous farmers, 
jl\ who from a small beginning have won a 
competence, securing a considerable amount of land 
and surrounding themselves with man}' comforts 
and conveniences. Among this number may be 
mentioned Paul Irose, who is now occup^Mng a 
good farm on section 17. 

Our subject is a native of Poland, where he was 

born in June, 1842, and where also the birth of 
his father, Daniel Irose, occurred. The latter was 
married in his native land, and to them were born 
eight children, who accompanied them on their re- 
moval to America in 1854. The wife and mother 
dying while en route to this country, the father 
came to Illinois and located with his children on 
a farm five miles east of Chester, and at once be- 
gan farming, which was his vocation tiiroughout 
life. At his death, which occurred in 1862, he 
left a good property. 

After coming to America, the father of our sub- 
ject was married to Miss Mary Schlocher, and his 
widow still survives, making her home in Chester. 
Paul, of this sketch, attended school in Randolph 
Count}', and received such an education as was 
given to the boys and girls of that day. When a 
lad of seventeen, he learned the trade of a black- 
smith with Henry Koehns, of Chester, for whom 
he worked for three years. Then going to Ruck- 
wood, J'oung Irose worked at his trade with Rob- 
ert Emery for a short time, then made his way 
into Jackson County, this state. After two months 
spent there, he returned to this county, and at 
Archie Island worked for four years as a black- 
smith. At the expiration of that time he came to 
Chester and opened up a shop for himself, continu- 
ing to do a good business for twenty -six years. 
Being afflicted with rheumatism, he closed out his 
business and purchased a farm two miles east of 
Chester, where he is still living, engaged in rais- 
ing grain and fine grades of stock. 

October 22, 1868, Paul Irose was married to 
Miss Catherine Murkufsky, who, like himself, was 
born in Poland, and who was brought to America by 
her parents when quite young. Her father, Henry 
Murkufsk}', was a tailor, and met his death in the 
coal mines of Penns^'lvania. To our subject and 
his wife have been born eleven children, two of 
whom died in infancy. Those who are living are, 
Maggie, Lizzie, Paul, Katie, Joseph, Jessie, Robert, 
Alice and Cora. They have all been given good 
educations, and the three eldest are prominent 
teachers in this county. 

Although Mr. and Mrs. Irose have been reared 
in the Catholic faith, they are not closely identi- 
fied with the church now. Mr. Irose was in early 



life a Democrat, but of late jears has voted with 
tlie Republican pa^t3^ He takes a great interest in 
the educational affairs of his neighborhood, and 
has rendered efficient service as School Director. 

D<' ^'$1 

i^^ AVID MlCONACHIE, who is successfully 
engaged in farming in Randolph County, 
claims Ireland as the land of his birth, 
which occurred in County Antrim in 
1838. His giandparents, David and Jennie (Chest- 
nut) McConachie, were also natives of County 
Antrim, and there spent their entire lives. The 
family, however, is of Scotch descent, but on ac- 
count of religious persecution, its members re- 
moved to Ireland. Tiie grandfather, who was a 
farmer, was a member of the Scotch Seceder Church. 
He died at the age of ninetj-four. His wife was 
a daughter of Samuel and Anna (Leitreni) Chest- 
nut, the former of whom was an officer in the Brit- 
ish army. The latter was a daugliter of the Earl 
of Leitrem. 

Robert McConachie, father of our subject, was 
born in Countv Antrim in 1810, and in 1830 mar- 
ried Jane, daughter or John and Martha (Steele) 
McConacliie. They became the parents of five 
children: John, Jane and Robert, deceased, and 
David and William, of this county. In 1858 the 
father came with his family to America, and lived 
in the Sparta Precinct until his death, which oc- 
curred in 1879. He was a farmer and stone-mason. 
In politics he was a Republican. He was a mem- 
ber of the Covenanter Church, and in his native 
land served as Deacon. 

We now take up the personal history of our 
subject, who was a young man of twenty-one 
years when he came to the United States. He set- 
tled in xsew York and began working upon a farm. 
The following spring he joined his parents in this 
county and continued with them until 1873, 
when he was married. In 1861 he had purchased 
eighty acres of land, which he still owns. In 1863 
he enlisted in the Union army, becoming a mem- 
ber of Com |)any K, Forty-second Illinois Infantry, 
in which he served one hundred days. He then 
re-enlisted as a member of Company K, Fifth Illi- 

nois Cavalry, and continued in the service until 
the close of the war, when he was honorably dis- 
charged. He took part in the Meridian campaign 
and also in a number of important engagements. 

In August, 186.1, Mr. JMcConachie returned 
home, and in the year 1873 married Miss Lu- 
cinda Steele, a native of Randolph County and a 
daughter of Bilen and Jvancj' (Morrison) Steele, 
the fc>rmer a native of Ireland, and the latter of 
Illinois. To our subject and his wife have been 
born four children, Robert Henrj',Emma B., David 
Rilen and Nancy Jane. The family is one of 
prominence in the community, and its members 
hold an enviable position in social circles. 

The life of our subject has been a successful one, 
and his well directed afforts have received their 
reward in the comfortable competence which he 
possesses. He owns two hundred and forty acres of 
valuable land and has ll,000 in the buiiding and 
loan association. In politics he is a supporter of 
the Republican party, and he has been honored 
with some local offices of public trust. He served 
for twelve ^-ears as School Director, was Township 
Trustee four terms, and since 1865 has been 
School Trustee. He has filled these positions with 
credit to himself and satisfaction to his constitu- 
ents, for he is ever true and faithful to confidence 
and trust reposed in him. He belongs to the Grand 
Army of the Republic, of which he is Senior Vice- 
Commander, and both he and his wife hold mem- 
bership with the United Presb^'terian Church. 

IjU. ENRY BUETTNER, wlio carries on general 
11/ jli farming on section 36, township 3, range 

ili JJl 1 I o 

!iW^ 10 west, is numbered among the early set- 
'f^j tiers of Monroe Countj-, and as such well 
deserves representation in its history. He was 
born in Germany on the 29th of July, 1837, and 
is a son of Henry and Julia Buettner, who were 
also natives of the same countrj-. The father was 
a miller bj- trade and followed that occupation in 
his native land. In 1848 he brought his family 
to the New World and located in St. Louis, where 
he worked at the tailor's trade. He afterward 
came to Monroe Countj', where he purchased an 



eighty-acre farm, wliicli he cultivated until selling 
out preparatory to his removal to Kansas. In that 
state be purchased a large farm and continued its 
cultivation until his death, which occurred in 
Clark County, Kan., at the age of sixty-nine years. 
He was a member of the Lutheran Church, and in 
politics was a supporter of the Republican party. 
His wife died in St. Louis at the age of thirty-five. 
This worthy couple had a family of seven chil- 
dren, six of whomarej'et living.namel}-: Caroline, 
Adeline, Henry, Herman, Julia and Henrietta. 

Henry Buettner was a lad of eleven years when 
with his family he crossed tlie briny deep to the 
New World. He grew to maniiood in Monroe 
County, and its public schools afforded him his 
educational privileges. Le remained with his fa- 
ther until twent3'-four years of age, when he 
started out to make his own way in the world, and 
as a companion and iielpmate on life's journey he 
chose Miss Elizabeth Valentine, a native of Ger- 
many, who with her parents came to America 
when a maiden of ten jears. By the marriage of 
Mr. and Mrs. Buettner were born four children, 
but three of the number are now deceased. The 
only one living is .John, who is married and re- 
sides in Monroe County. The mother died at 
the age of thirty-two years, in the faith of the Lu- 
theran Church, of which she was a consistent mem- 
ber. For his second wife Mr. Buettner married 
Mena Hesterberg, a native of Germany. She 
brought by her parents to the United States dur- 
ing her infancy and was reared and educated in 
this county. By this union were born six children, 
but four of the number are now deceased. Sophia 
and Julia are still with their parents. 

Upon his first marriage Mr. Buettner purchased 
forty acres of land and upon that farm he has 
since resided, although lie has extended its boun- 
daries from time to time until it comprises one 
hundred and twelve acres of good land, which 
yields to the owner a golden tribute in return for 
the care and cultivation he bestows upon it. In 
earlier years he followed threshing in connection 
with his farm work, and as the result of his indus- 
try and perseverance he has become well-to-do. 
He exercises the right of franchise in support of 
the Republican party, and has lield several school 

offices, such as Director and Trustee. Both he 
and his wife are members of the Lutheran Church, 
and in social circles thev hold an enviable position. 
Mr. Buettner is a highly respected citizen, who 
during his long residence in this community', by an 
honorable, upright life, has gained the confidence 
and good will of all with whom he lias been 
brought in contact. 

^^ALENTINE KERN, who owns and operates 
a good farm of two hundred and forty 
acres on section 31, township 3, range 8 
west, is numbered among the leading agriculturists 
of Monroe County. His place is improved with 
substantial buildings and all the accessories of a 
model farm. It is neat and attractive in appear- 
ance, and the well tilled fields indicate to the 
passer-by the careful supervision of the owner. 

The father of our subject, Francis Kern, was 
born in the province of Deburg, Germany, in 
1809, and tliere wedded Mary Schroet. It was in 
1840 that he crossed the briny deep to the New 
World. He spent the winter in St. Louis, and the 
following spring came to Prairie du Long, Monroe 
County, and located a mile and a-half south of 
Freedom. After a short time he settled on section 
31, where he entered eighty-four acres of Govern- 
ment land, and in the midst of the forest hewed 
out a farm. He built a good home and placed the 
land under a high state of cultivation. He con- 
tinued the operation of his farm until his death, 
which occurred in 1881. In the family were only 
two children, who are now living: Valentine, and 
John, who is engaged in agricultural pursuits in 
Missouri. The father was one of the first German 
settlers of this conimunit}', and was an honored 
and highly respected citizen. He held member- 
ship with the Catholic Church. 

On the 26th of August, 1841, on the old home 
farm, occurred the birth oi's'alentine Kern. He 
was reared in the usual manner of farmer lads, at- 
tending the district schools through the winter 
season, and aiding in the labors of the farm dur- 
ing the summer months. Thus he grew to man- 
hood, and the home of his boyhood is still his 

^ '"^ -4 

RE'>iDFilCE& Ml LL OT J, M. V^i LL I AM5 , VFRGEN N E5 . ILL. 


•'^ i j^ 




1 ^ 






place of residence. In the year 1864, Mr. Kern 
was united in marriage with Miss Catherina Pur- 
tle. Tlie lady was born August 27, 1843, and is a 
daughter of Patrick Purtle, one of the earliest 
settlers of Monroe County. 

By the union of this worthy couple has been born 
a family of six children, as follows: Valentine, 
who was born April 20, 1865; Mary M., March 4, 
1868; Henry, March 12, 1870; John, September 3, 
1873; Elizabeth, April 14, 1877; .and Christian J., 
March 1, 1884. The eldest son married Maggie 
Steppig, who was born May 16, 1869, and they 
live on section 31, township 3, range 8. Mary is the 
wife of George Stadter, a resident of Monroe Coun- 
ty. The other children are still under the parental 
roof. The family circle yet remains unbroken by 
the hand of Death. The household is the abode 
of hospitality and good cheer, and its members 
rank liigh in the social circles in which they move. 

Mr. Kern devotes his entire time and attention 
U) the improvement and cultivation of his farm, 
which is one of the best in the community, and his 
labois are rewarded by a good income. He has 
led a busy and useful life, yet never neglects his 
public duties. He takes a warm interest in every- 
thing pertaining to the welfare of the community, 
and is a valued citizen. In politics, he is a Demo- 
crat. He and his family are members of the Cath- 
olic Church of Red Bud. 

lllOHN M. WILLIAMS, who is engaged in 
milling in Vergennes, occupies a prominent 
^^\ j position in business circles, and is recognized 
^^fJ as one of the leading citizens of the place. 
He was born August 4, 1839, in Floyd County, 
Ind., and is a son of Samuel and Lavina (I^ewis) 
Williams. His father was born in Clark County, 
Ind., November 29, 1813, and followed coopering 
and agricultural pursuits, making his home upon 
a farm. He married Miss Lewis in Floyd County, 
and unto them were born the following children: 
Sylvania, wife of Lorenzo D. Emery; David, 
James, Winfield S., George W.; Thomas J., now 
deceased; Mary Ann, wife of Conrad Baker; and 
Samuel. The father is a Democrat in his political 

views and has taken a prominent part in local 
politics, being honored with a number of official 
positions. He now owns two large farms and is 
well-to-do. His wife died at the age of thirty 

No event of special importance occurred during 
the boyhood and youth of our subject, which 
were quietly passed upon the home farm. At the 
age of twenty-one, in 1861, he came to Jackson 
County, but in September of that year he entered 
the service of his country as a member of the boys 
in blue of Company C, Forty-ninth Indiana In- 
fantry, under Col. James Keigwin. He served for 
three years and ten months, and participated in 
the battles of Cumberland Gap, Big Creek Gap, 
Vicksburg, Champion Hills, Port Gibson, Jackson, 
Miss., and the Red River expedition. In 1864 he 
re-enlisted and was elected Captain of his old 
company, in which position he served until hon- 
orably discharged at the close of the war, .Septem- 
ber 1.5, 1865. He was a faithful officer, and was 
ever found at his post of duty, valiantly defend- 
ing the Old Flag and the cause it represented. 

When the war was over, Mr. Williams re- 
turned to Floyd County, Ind., and after two 
years removed to Daviess County, where he en- 
gaged in farming. In the county of his nativit3% 
in 1867, he married Miss Martha, daughter of 
Jacob Miller. They became the parents of one 
child, Ollie, who was born April 26, 1868, and who 
mairied E. C. Lovejoy. They reside in Vergennes, 
and have two children, Ida and Carl. Mrs. Will- 
iams died in 1869, and the following year our 
subject wedded Maiy E. Palmer. Four children 
grace this union: William, born July 31, 1873; 
Carl, May 31, 1875; Cora, June 13, 1877; and Ger- 
tie, March 26, 1879. 

For twelve years Mr. Williams resided in Knox 
County, 111., and then came to Jackson County in 
1881. Settling in De Soto, he engaged in mer- 
chandising until 1884, when he came to Vergennes, 
and continued in the same line of business until 
1886. In that year he embarked in milling in 
connection with Joshua Palmer, his brotiier-in-law, 
and together they own and operate the douring 
and saw mill of this place. The3' do a large busi- 
ness, which is constantly increasing, and well de- 



serve the liberal patronage wbieh is accorded them. 
They also engage in grain dealing. 

Since 1865, Mr. Williams lias been connected 
witli tiie Odd Fellows' societj-, and has Iield the 
office of Secretary of the lodge and other official 
positions. lie votes vvitli the Republican parly, 
but lias never souglit or desired political prefer- 
ment for himself, although since 1885 he lias held 
the office of Township Clerk. His wife is a member 
of the Methodist Church, and both are prominent 
people of this community. They occupy an en- 
viable position in social circles and liave the warm 
regard of many friends. 


?)HOMAS LICKISS. All honor is due to tlie 
noble pioneers of Illinois, who braved the 
hardships of pioneer life, endured man}- 
privations, and sacrificed much in order to estab- 
lish homes for tliemselves and their families. It is 
due to their patient and persistent labors that the 
growth and prosperit}' of the state were laid upon 
enduring foundations. Some of these men have 
passed from the scenes of their earllil}' labors and 
live only in the affectionate remembrance of those 
who recognize their indebtedness to them. 

'l"he events in the life of Thomas Lickiss, em- 
braced in the period extending from his birth in 
England, in July, 1811, to his death in Randolph 
County, March 28, 1878, may be brieQy recorded 
as follows: He was reared to manhood in his na- 
tive place, and was a j'oung man of twenty-three 
years when in 1834 he came to America, remain- 
ing in this country about eleven years. Mean- 
time, he visited Mexico, Canada and various parts 
of the United States. He then returned to Eng- 
land, where he married and made his home for 
four years. However, he was not content to re- 
main permanently in England, and accordingly 
we find him in 1849 again in the United States. 
The same year witnessed his arrival in SteeleviUe, 
when; he afterward resided. 

Having learned the trade of a blacksmith in 
England, Mr. Lickiss opened a shop at SteeleviUe, 
and followed that occupation until compelled by 
disability to give it up. He then embarked in the 

mercantile business, and conducted a flourishing 
and profitable trade until the time of his death. 
In 1845, he married Miss Elizabeth Denniss, a na- 
tive of England, whose parents lived and died in 
that country. In 1879, Jlrs. Lickiss married John, 
the eldest brother of her late husband, and he con- 
tinued the mercantile business until his death, 
which occurred in November, 1879. Since that 
time, Mrs. Lickiss has continued the business, and 
notwithstanding the fact that she is neaiing her 
seventy-fourth birthday, she is quite active, and 
gives her personal supervision to the management 
of the store. She has never had any children of 
her own, but has reared three, Mar}^ A. Ford, an 
orphan, who married John Sanders, and now re- 
sides in California; Maud May Williamson, who 
is still with her, and Fred Williamson, whom she 
cared for from the time of his mother's death 
until his father's second marriage. 

Although Thomas Lickiss was a quiet, unassum- 
ing man, the people among whom he dwelt held 
him in warm regard, as they always found in him 
a true friend, ever considerate and pleasant in his 
manner, and they had a high opinion of his per- 
sonal character, knowing him to be a man of 
IM'inciple and sound integrity. In his religious 
preference he. with liis wife, was a Presbyterian, 
which has been the faith of tliu family for many 

•5— ^=^>^^-<^ 


>jp^| LI BECKLEY. There is sometliing about 
l^ the life of a prosperous and popular man 
I*' — ^ very pleasant to contemplate — something 
that gives encouragement to those seeking to make 
for themselves desirable positions in life. Such an 
example is shown in the career of Eli Becklc}', who 
is generally conceded to deserve unlimited praise 
for the success he has attained and for the strict 
integrity' of his business transactions. He is one 
of the largest land-owners in Randolph County, 
being the possessor of seven hundred and forty- 
five broad acres located in township 4, range 5, 
which he operated until 1893, when he moved into 
the village of Coulterville. 

A native of Staflfordshire, England, our subject 



was born October 25, 1827, to Daniel and Phoebe 
(Scliriven) Beckley, also nativesof England, where 
they lived and died, the father aged eighty-four 
years, and tlie mother when two years younger. 
They reared a family' of twelve children, nine of 
whom are living, but only two make their home 
in the United Stales, our subject and his brother 
Joshua, wlio is also a resident of this county. 

Eli, of this sketch, was educated and grew to 
manhood in England, and wiicn coming to Amer- 
ica, in 1854, settled in Pittsburgh, Pa., where he 
embarked in business as a brewer. Remaining 
there for nearly four years, he came to this state 
in 1857, and located within half a mile of his pres- 
ent home, which is on section 4, township 4, range 
5. He leased property for three years from Alex- 
ander Dicke}', but after living upon it two years, 
gave up the lease and moved to a finely improved 
farm of one hundred and forty-five acres, for which 
he paid ^2,700. It now includes seven hundred and 
forty-flve acres, which, under his careful manage- 
ment, has been placed under excellent cultivation, 
and now compares favorably with any other estate 
in the county in point of tillage and imijrove- 

Mr. Beckley has crossed the Atlantic twentj' 
times in behalf of his stock-raising interests, in 
which branch of farming he began in 1860. He 
now imports Clydesdale and Englishshire horses, 
of which he has the exclusive trade in this local- 
ity. He is a stockholder in the flouring mill at 
Coulterville, owns and operates the Coulterville 
Creamery, and has an interest in another establish- 
ment of that kind near Darmstadt, St. Clair Coun- 
ty', this state. He likewise publishes the only pa- 
per in Coulterville, and is looked upon as one of 
the wealthy and influential citizens of Randolph 

In 1854, Mr. Beckley and Miss Mary Kendrick, 
of Worcestershire, England, were united in mar- 
riage. The lady became the mother of six chil- 
dren, and departed this life in 1889. Her children 
were, William Henry, Mary, Abraham L., Caroline, 
Phoebe Ann and Lillie Ann. Our subject was 
again married in November, 1892, the lady of his 
choice being Sarah Barber. She likewise was a na- 
tive of the same county in P>ngland,and is a mem- 

ber of the Presbyterian Church. Mr. Beckley does 
all that he can to advance the educational inter- 
'ests of his locality. He is a stanch Republican in 
polities, and possesses those pleasant social quali- 
ties which have made for him a host of warm 
friends, who delight in his success. 

P.istor of St. Andrew's Catholic Church of 
Murphysboro, was born in Germantown, 
Clinton County, HI., November 12, 1864. His 
grandfather, Gerhard Toennies, born in Ger- 
many, and was a weaver by trade. In 1849, he 
came with his wife and three sons to America. 
One son had crossed the previous 3'ear, locating in 
Germantown. The grandparents both died of 
cholera on the trip up the Mississippi River. He 
was buried on the banks of the stream, and she 
was laid to rest in St. Louis. 

The father of our subject, Herman Toennies, 
was born in Germany, and accompanied his par- 
ents to the New World. By hard labor, he at 
length acquired enough capital to purchase land, 
and cleared and improved a farm of one hundred 
and sixty acres. He is now living a retired life 
in Clinton County, at the age of sixty-three 
years. In 1891, he paid a visit to his old home in 
the Fatherland. His wife, who bore the maiden 
name of Ann M. Koebbe. was born in German^', 
and in early life came with her parents to the 
United States. She died September 9, 1874, leav- 
ing a family of three sons and two daughters. 

Father Toennies, whose name heads this sketch, 
was reaied upon the home farm, and worked early 
and late, aiding in the development of the land. 
He then studied for a year and a-half with Father 
William Cluse, now Vicar-General of the diocese, 
later located in Germantown, and in 1883 en- 
tered Teutopolis College, graduating from the 
classical course. In 1887, he became a student in 
St. Francis' Seminary in Milwaukee, pursuing a 
course in philosophy and theology, and was gradu- 
ated in 1891. He was ordained a priest at Ger- 
mantown in St. Boniface Church, June 24, 1891, 
by Bishop Jansen, of the Belleville diocese, and 



was appointed Assistant Pastor at Murphysboro. 
On tlie 13th of July he came to this place, where 
he has since eainestly labored. He is also Assist-' 
ant Pastor of St. Elizabeth's Church, St. Ann's 
Church at Radville, St. Gregory's Church at Grand 
Tower, and the church at Cartersville. In 1894 a 
house of worship will be erected at the last named 

Father Toeunies has established a Latin class in 
the schools at this place. He is a highly' educated 
man, and is indefatigable in his efforts to advance 
the interests of his church. 

AVID SCIIEIN, the popular and ellicient 
]\j Postmaster of Berksville, and one of its 
leading merchants, is a native of Germany, 
his birth having occurred there February 
6, 1850. His parents, Andrew and Henrietta 
(Jacob.v) Schein, were also born in the same coun- 
try, and were there educated. The father was a 
machinist of Kcmpen, and was a very industrious 
and hard working man. Both he and his wife 
were members of the Hebrew Church. They have 
now departed this life, the father's death having 
occurred at the age of seventy -seven ^ears, while 
his wife passed away at the age of seventy-four. 
They were the parents of thirteen children, but 
only three are living, Joseph, Salo and David. 

Our subject acquired a good education in the 
public schools of the I'\athtrland. In 1866, at the 
age of sixteen 3'ears, he came with his brother, 
Salo, to this country, and after spending about a 
year in travel, he located in Berksville, Monroe 
County, where he has since made his home. He had 
had some business experience before his emigration 
to the New World, for he had been engaged in 
clerking in the Fatherland. After arriving here, 
he engaged in clerking for six years, and was a 
trusted employe, ever faithful to the interests of 
those for whom he woiked. In this wa}-, through 
his industry and economy, he acquired some capi- 
tal, which in 1875 he invested in a business of his 
own. Forming a partnership with Mr. Ziebold, 
they opened a general store in Monroe City, and 
together did business until 1877, when the con- 

nection was dissolved, and Mr. Schein opened a 
store of his own. This he conducted for eleven 
years, when in 1888 he sold out and came to 
Berksville, opening the stoie of which he is now 

The lady who bears the name of Mrs. Schein 
was in her maidenhood Emma Lorentz. She 
was born in Iowa, but the greater part of her girl- 
hood was speut in this county, where she acquired 
a good education. She is a member of the Lutheran 
Church, and is an estimable lady, who has many 
fiiends throughout the community. B3' their 
union were born eleven children, Ida (the wife of 
Peter Schneider), Nelson. Henry, Julius, Heniietta, 
George, Phelona, and four who died in infancy. 

In his political views, ilr. Schein is a stanch 
Democrat, and warmly advocates the principles of 
his party. lie has served as School Director, was 
Justice of the Peace for several years, and for nine 
years was Postmaster of Monroe City. He now 
holds a similar position in Berksville, and is a 
capable and efficient officer. He is a member of 
the Ilarigari Lodge, and holds membership with 
the Lutheran Church. He commenced life for 
himself without a dollar, but he is an excellent 
financier, and by careful attention to the details 
of his business and l\v well directed efforts, he has 
met with signal success, and has become one of 
the substantial citizens of the community. 


ANIEL j\I. DOTY. Though several years 
have come and gone since this gentleman 
passed away, his memory as a sincere 
friend and loj'al citizen is still as fresh in 
the hearts of his associates as in the days gone by 
and will be perpetuated in the affection and regard 
of posterity. During the entire period of his resi- 
dence in Jackson County he displayed an unceas- 
ing interest in the welfare of his fellow-citizens 
and did all in his power to advance their material 
prosperity. During the entire period of his resi- 
dence in Jackson Count}', he displayed an unceas- 
ing interest in the welfare of his fellow-citizens 
and did all in his power to advance their material 
prosperity. Especially was he intimately associ- 



ated with the history of Vergennes Township, 
whicli for a time was his home, and in which he 
achieved his higliest successes. 

A native of Jackson County, 111., our subject 
was born here .January 29, 1834, and was a son of 
William Doty, of whom further mention is made 
upon another page of this volume. In his youth 
he received such advantnges as were offered by 
the neighboring schools, but his education was 
largely secured b^' personal investigation and pri- 
vate study. From childhood days he was inter- 
ested in farming, and it was natural that upon 
choosing a life occupation he selected the voca- 
tion of an agriculturist. Succeeding years proved 
the wisdom of his choice. 

November 18, 1863, Mr. Doty was united in 
marriage with Miss Margaret G., daughter of 
Charles and Jane (McMurray) Blacklock, all na- 
tives of Scotland, and early settlers of Jackson 
County, having come here in tlie '50s. She is 
one in a family of four surviving children, the 
others being David A., who lives in Levan Town- 
ship, Jackson County; Thomas, a resident of Keo- 
kuk, Iowa; and Robert B., of Somerset Township. 
Mr. and Mrs. Doty became the parents of seven 
children, four of whom are now living, viz.: Charles 
M., James T., Agnes and Robert B. 

At the age of about fifty years, before the en- 
ergy of manhood had become enervated by tlie in- 
firmities of old age, Mr. Dot}' was called from 
earth. His demise occurred June 26, 1884, and 
was mourned not only by his immediate relatives, 
but also by the people throughout tiie county, for 
he was a kind neighbor, a generous and self-sacri- 
ficing friend and capable man. While he had not 
been actively identified with politics, he never- 
theless adhered with ardor to the principles of the 
Democratic partj', and never lost an opportunity 
to cast his ballot for the nominees of that political 

So successful had Mr. Dot}' been in his agricult- 
ural pursuits that at his death he left an estate 
comprising more tlian three hundred acres of land. 
Upon this homestead his widow has continued to 
make her home, superintending the management 
of the farm with such skill and efficiency that its 
value has been increased by the addition of sub- 

stantial improvements. In her religious belief she 
is identified with the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
to wliidi she contributes systematically, and in 
the work of which she is activel}' interested. 

LEXANDER CRISLER, whose sketch we 
now have the pleasure of presenting, is a 
native of this county, and was born in 
Rockwood Frecinct September 18, 1851. 
Here he grew to man 's estate, commencing at an 
early age to cultivate the soil and to learn the 
principles of successful farming. His education was 
limited, but his natural ability and fondness for 
knowledge can more than atone for the lack of 
what is commonly called "schooling." Mr. Cris- 
ler is now occupying a fine estate on section 36, 
township 7, range 6. where he devotes his attention 
to cultivating the soil. 

The i)arents of our subject, John and Mary 
(Hindman) Crisler, were natives of Kentucky, and 
came to this county previous to their marriage, 
when quite young. John Crisler was a blacksmith 
by trade, which calling he followed in Rockwood 
until his decease, which occurred in 1866. Our 
subject was a lad of fifteen years when his father 
died, and he was compelled to give up any am- 
bition he might have had for procuring an educa- 
tion, being obliged to work on the farm and 
assist in the support of his mother. The latter de- 
parted this life in 1876. 

Our subject began to break land on his own ac- 
count on reaching his majority, and has ever since 
been engaged as a general farmer and stock-raiser. 
Ever3thing about his estate has been accomplish- 
ed by arduous toil, and is now under a fine state 
of cultivation. He was married in 1871 to Miss 
Nancy Lowr}-, and they have become the parents 
of eight children, two of whom are deceased. John, 
Clemie, James, Edgar and Byrdare living at home, 
and Willis is residing with an aunt in Chester. 

Mrs. Crisler was the daughter of Hugh and 
Sarah Lowrj', who were residents of this count}- 
for many years; the father came from Ireland, and 
the mother is a native of Alabama. Our subject's 



wife departed this life May 16, 1886, and July 4, 
1888. Mr. Crisler was married to Margaret Lowry, 
a sister of his first wife. To them has been born a 
daugliter, Sadie, who is three j-cais old. Mrs. Cris- 
ler is an active worker in the Methodist Episcopal 

Mr. Crisler, until a few j'ears ago, was a Liberal 
in politics. Now, however, he casts his vote for 
tlie People's party candidates. He is one of the 
most public spirited and progressive men in this 
locality , and socially he is a member of Springvale 
Tvodge No. 922, F. ]M. B. A., and is now Chairman 
of the County Assembly'. 

//r^ JACOB JOBB IS a prominent businei 
[|[ (— ^ of Mae3-stown, widely and favorably 
■^^^1 throughout the communitj', and it 

JACOB JOBB is a prominent business man 

is with 

pleasure that we present to our readers this record 
of his life. A native of Germany, he was born 
June 24. 1844, to Lewis and Maggie (Heinefourth) 
Jobb, who were also natives of the same coun- 
try. They were the parents of eight children, 
but only two of the number are yet living, Cevilla 
and Jacob. The parents were both reared and ed- 
ucated in the Fatherland, and Mr. Jobb was a 
vcrj- well informed man. By trade he was a 
weaver. In 1854 he bade adieu to friends and 
countr}', and wi^h his family crossed the broad 
ocean to America. He at once went to Missouri, 
and purchasing forty acres of land in Cape Girar- 
deau Count}', there carried on agricultural pur- 
suits until his death, which occurred at the age of 
fifty-six years. His wife survived him some time, 
and her last days were spent in Maeystowu, where 
she departed this life at the age of sixty-three. The 
parents were both members of the Lutheran Church 
and were highly respected people. 

Midst play and work, Mr. Jobb of this record 
spent the d.ays of his boyhood and 3'outh. He 
was only ten years of age at the time of the 
emigration to the New World, and in Missouri he 
was reared and educated. He became familiar 
with all the details of farm life and aided in the 
labors of the field until nineteen years of age, 
when he began learning the harness-maker's trade, 

which he followed for a period of seven j-ears. 
In 1862 we find him among the defenders of tiie 
country, for he had joined the boys in blue of 
Companj' F, Twenty-ninth Missouri Infantry. 
He served for nineteen months, and was tiien 
honorabl}' discharged. He participated in the 
battles of Corinth and Nashville, and was mustered 
out at Kingston, Ga. 

Mr. Jobb at once returned to his home, and for 
some years past has resided in Maeystown, where 
he is engaged in business as a harness maker and 
dealer. He has followed his trade througliout 
life, and now receives from the public a liberal 
patronage, which he well deserves, for he carries a 
full and complete stock and earnestly desires to 
please his customers. Straightforward dealing has 
ever characterized his business career and undoubt- 
ed I3" has been an important factor in his success. 
In 1868 Mr. Jobb married Elizabeth Aites, who 
died leaving one son, Albert In 1873, Mr. 
Jobb married Gertrude Dillenberger, a native of 
Monroe Count}', and a highly educated and re- 
fined lady. Their union has been blessed witli a 
family of six children, of whom five are yet living, 
and are still under the parental roof, namely: 
Katie, Jacob, Lizzie, George and Clara. The chil- 
dren have been provided with good educational 
privileges, and are thus fitted for the practical and 
responsible duties of life. The parents are both 
prominent members of the Lutheran Church, in 
wiiich Mr. Jobb formerly held the office of Treas- 
urer. In politics he is a stalwart Republican, who 
warmly advocates the principles of his party. 
Socially, he is connected with Maeystown Lodge 
No. 3809, K. H., of Maeystown. A man of ster- 
ling worth and strict integrity, lie has won the con- 
fidence and high regard of all who know him. 

rj^gJ K ' S i £ ^S S is' 

ENRY E. EBBRECHT. The simple record 
of an honorable life is the best monument 
that can be reared to any citizen, and we 
shall therefore not attempt to enlarge 
upon the history of the gentleman above named, 
who was one of Chester's most reputable residents. 
He was called from this life in the prime of man- 



hood, February 11, 1893. His birth occurred No- 
vember 4, 1862, in this city. His parents were 
Henr3' and Carrie (Schrader) Ebbrecht, natives of 
Germany, wlio came to tiiis country when quite 
young, and were married in Chester. Five chil- 
dren were born to this couple, all d^-ing in in- 
fancy with the exception of our subject, who was 
the j'oungest in order of birth. 

Our subject received a fair education, attending 
the Chester schools until reaching his fourteenth 
year, when he commenced to work with his uncle, 
Ernest Schrader, learning the trade of a barber, 
and continuing at it for a period of three j^ears. 
"When but a child of three years he lost his mother 
by death and was reared by an aunt, Mrs. Wolf, 
until entering the above business, when he lived 
with his uncle. After leaving his uncle, he em- 
barked in the business on his own account at 
Buena Vista, now a part of Chester, and by his dili- 
gence and perseverance soon had a large trade. 
In 1890 he added a stock of jewelry, which in- 
creased his business greatly. 

August 12, 188.5, Mr. Ebbrecht was united in 
marriage with Miss Annie Boeger, a daughter of 
Fred C. and Minnie (Koelerl Boeger. Tlie father 
came to the United .Stales from German}' when 
but eighteen j'ears old and followed cabinet mak- 
ing, continuing thus engaged until his death, 
which occurred in Chester in 1887. In the mean- 
time he purchased a furniture store, which at the 
time of his demise was the leading store of the 
kind in Chester. His good wife, who came to this 
country when thirt}- years of age, was here mar- 
ried and is yet living, aged fifty-nine years. Mr. 
and Mrs. Ebbrecht bad one child, Lillie. She was 
born July 30, 1886, and is now a student at the 
Lutiieran school. 

•July 2, 1889, the good wife and mother died, and 
September 27, 1892, Mr. Ebbrecht was married to 
Emma Boeger, a sister of his first wife. Four 
months after this event, our subject was called to 
the land beyond, mourned and respected b}' his 
many friends and acquaintances. In politics he was 
a Democrat, working for his party whenever oppor- 
tunity offered, although never aspiring to public 
duties. He and his wife were devoted members 
of the Lutheran Church, the latter still being an 

active worker in that denomination. Mrs. Eb- 
brecht for awhile carried on her husband's jewelry 
business alone, but recently- sold it. She commands 
the respect of all with whom she comes in contact. 

<X[ ^.^»^»^.^.^.»»^-^.^.^. ^ ^.4.^^^•»»»^.4^^^••^♦ :x> 

"ill O H N M. C R I S L E R was for many years 
prominentl}' identified with the .agricultural 
interests of Randolph County, and his fine 
farm, located on section 36, township 6, 
range 7, is supplied with substantial imi)rovenients, 
including neat and commodious buildings, and is 
in every respect well improved and well managed. 
Our subject was born near Chester, this county, 
.lanuar}- 6, 1823, and is a son of Silas and Mary 
(Shafer) Crisler. The parents were natives of 
Boone County, Ky., and came to Illinois after 
marriage, remaining here the rest of their days. 
Our subject enjoyed onl}' limited opportunities 
for an education, but studied in the subscription 
schools of his native township. Aiding his father 
in the care of the home farm until his death, he 
then carried it on alone. When he was twenty- 
nine 3-ears old, he bought land of his own, which 
he carried on from then until his death, which 
occurred on the 22d of December, 1885. His fine 
farm was made up of two hundred and twentj' 
acres, which is a well improved tract, bearing a 
complete line of substantial buildings. The fertile 
acreage yields various grains and is a source of a 
sufficient income to surround the family with the 
comforts and many of the luxuries of life. 

On the 22d of August, 1855, John M. Crisler 
was married to Eliza (Dean) Cowan, a daughter 
of Obediali and Martha (Van Buren) Dean, natives 
of Maine and New York, respeetivelj'. To our sub- 
ject and his wife four children were born. Cecelia, 
who married John A. Maxwell, lives in this coun- 
ty; Efiie and Inez (twins) are next in order. The 
former was struck with palsy when a child and has 
been a cripple eversinee. Inez is the wife of Joseph 
Harris and lives near Chester. Gelo, the only son, is 
3'etat home. The good mother is a member of the 
Presbyterian Church and is now seventy-one years 
of age. She is hale and heart}- and bids fair to live 
for many j-ears. She was the widow of John Cowan 



wlien she became the wife of our subject, and by 
that marriage bore her husband two children: 
diaries Dean, who married Florence Fowler, and 
Sarah, who is the wife of Robert McNabney. 

In politics Mr. Crisler was always in favor of 
the Republican platform. He was a quiet, unas- 
suming man, who by his correct mode of living 
gained the respect of all with whom he had to do. 
At the time of his death he had accumulated a 
goodly portion of this world's goods and was en- 
abled to leave his widow and children a comforta- 
ble home. 

^^ HARLES VESPEH. This name will be rec- 
if^, ognized by many of our readers as that of 
^^>'' a gentleman who has been a resident of 
Steeleville for more than twenty j'ears, and who 
has also been a potent factor in the development 
of the interests of this section of the country. A 
native of Germany, Mr. Vesper was born October 
2, 1841. and is the eighth in order of birth among 
nine children comprising the family of William 
and Louisa (Bergmann) Vesper, both of whom 
spent their entire lives in Germany. 

In the excellent schools of his native land, the 
subject of this sketch received a practical educa- 
tion, and at the age of fourteen years commenced 
to work at an ore furnace, continuing thus en- 
gaged for three years. Afterward be was employ- 
ed in a coal mine until 1866, when he left his na- 
tive countrj', and embarking on a steamship cross- 
ed the ocean to America. For two j'ears after 
coming to the United States, he worked in the 
mines in Pennsylvania, after which he came west 
to Indiana and was employed in the mines in 
Daviess County for two years. 

From Indiana, Mr. Vesper removed to Illinois, 
and stayed in Murphysboro until 1873, when he 
located in Steeleville, and has since been a resi- 
dent of this place. For ten years he engaged in the 
retail liquor trade, and then entered the mercantile 
business, following that exclusively for four jears. 
He then entered the mines again, and still con- 
tinues thus engaged, but also carries on a profitable 
mercantile trade. 

The marriage of Mr. Vesper occurred January 

28, 1868, and united him with Miss Caroline, a 
daughter of Randell and Sarah (Palmer) Delk, na- 
tives of jS'ortli and South Carolina, respectively, 
who came to Indiana when quite j'oung and there 
continued to reside until his death. Of tliis union 
there have been born eight children, two of whom 
died in infancy. Those living are, Christina, who 
married John Gravener, and lives in Steeleville; 
Mary, the wife of John Thomas, a resident of 
Steeleville; Emma, Lydia, Gracie and Carrie, who 
are at home. The daughters liave all received ex- 
cellent educations and are accomplished and popu- 
lar young ladies. 

Since coming to this countrj', Mr. Vesper has 
been a careful student of its political institutions, 
and as a result of his investigations and observa- 
tions gives to the Democratic parly his steadfast 
support. He has never been an aspirant for office, 
preferring to devote his time to tiie conduct of 
his business and the discharge of his duties as a 
private citizen. He was reared in the faith of 
the Presbyterian Church, for which he entertains 
a preference. Mrs. Vesper is a member of the 
Baptist Cliurch, and is active in the work of that 



Al^jIRD W. HINDMAN, although quite young, 
IrS^ has been for some time identified with the 
//?M)ll agricultural interests of Randolph Countj', 
^&^ and has become quite well known as an en- 
terprising and prosperous man. His present resi- 
dence is on section 34, township 7, range 6, and 
his estate comprises sixty acres, which are under 
excellent tillage and bear numerous improvements. 
The dwelling and accompanying outbuildings are 
well built and are sufflcientlj' commodious for tlie 
purposes for which they are designed, and include 
whatever will add to the convenience in carrying 
on a first-class farm. 

Bird Ilindman was born Februarj' 27, 1866, five 
miles east of Chester, and is the youngest child 
born to James H. and Sarah (Johnson) Hindnian. 
His father, who was also a native of this countj', 
lived here during his entire life, and was one of 
the leading agriculturists of this section. He de- 



■d. i^^i^t^?^' 



parted this life November 15, 1891, and was pre- 
ceded to the better land by his good wife, who 
died in 1889. The paternal giandfather of our 
subject was Samuel Hindnian, who came from Ire- 
land to America in an early da}-, and lived and 
died in Illinois. 

Our subject enjoyed only limited opportunities 
for obtaining an education, studying in the dis- 
trict schools near his home. Aiding his father in 
the care of his farm, and energetically sharing the 
toil during the seed time and harvest, he gained a 
thoroughly practical knowledge of the pursuit of 
agriculture, and was well fitted to carry on an 
estate of his own. He remained at home, aiding 
in cultivating the home farm, until reaching his 
twenty-fifth year, since which time he has been 
classed among the leading j'oung farmers of this 

In .July, 1891, Mr.Hindman and Miss Nancy A., 
daughter of Stephen and Callie (Watson) Kenni- 
son were united in marri.age. Their union has 
been blessed by the birth of a daughter, who bears 
the name of Bertha May. Mrs. Hindman, who is 
a most estimable lady, is a member of the Free 
Will Baptist Church. Our subject is a stanch 
Democrat in politics, and is at the present time 
acceptably filling the office of School Director in 
his district. 

. • ^ P — • 


for many j'ears one of the most prominent 
physicians of Randolph County, and at his 
death his profession was deprived of one 
of its noblest representatives, and the citizenship 
of the community suffered a sad loss. Dr. Booth 
was born in Philadelphia, Pa., .June 30, 1828, and 
departed this life at Belleville, III., September 10, 
1892, aged sixty-four years. 

Dr. John J. Booth, the father of our subject, 
was born and educated in the Quaker City, and 
there practiced medicine until 1845, when he re- 
moved to Fredericktowu, Mo. Our subject, who 
was at that time attending the high school in 
Philadelphia, remained in that city, and after 
completing his studies, was, by the instruction of 
his father, bound as an apprentice to learn the 

drug business. During the last 3'ear of his appren- 
ticeship he attended a course of lectures at the 
Jefferson Medical College, and in the spring of 
1849 joined his parents in Fredericktowu, Mo. 
There he commenced the systematic stud}' of med- 
icine under the tutelage of his father, and attended 
the St. Louis Medical College during the session 
of 1849-50. The following two years he taught 
school, emploj'ing the leisure moments in reading 
medicine. In 1852 he removed to southwestern 
Missouri, and in Jasper County taught school and 
at the same time practiced medicine. 

Dr. Booth later removed to Newton Count}', 
that state, and on a petition of the citizens of 
McDonald Count}', they guaranteeing a certain 
amount of practice, he went to Enterprise, in the 
above county, and there remained until the out- 
break of the war. During the winter of 1859-60 
he attended the St. Louis Medical College, from 
which institution he was graduated. As the peo- 
ple in Enterprise, which was his home at that time, 
were strongly in sympathy with the south, tiie 
Doctor, who was a stanch Union man, was made 
very uncomfortable, and after the election of Lin- 
coln, in 1860, he desired to change his location, but 
having accumulated considerable property, he did 
not like to lose it, so he remained there until the 
Confederate forces occupied the country. Having 
gained a wide reputation as a fine surgeon, he re- 
ceived intimation that his services were needed and 
was requested to accompany the rebels, which he 
found best to do quietly, and assisted in attending 
to the wounded during the battle of Wilson's 
Creek. After that conflict he returned home and 
at once made preparation for leaving, which he 
did on horseback after night, and by knowing the 
lay of the land, he was able to keep clear of the 
Confederate army. 

After reaching St. Louis, Mo., Dr. Booth re- 
ceived such a cold reception from his old ac- 
quaintances that he went on to Philadelphia and 
occupied his time in attending lectures at the 
University of Pennsylvania. He passed the ex- 
amination, and was mnstered into the service of 
the Union army as Active Assistant Surgeon of 
the Mississippi Marine Brigade. It was his inten- 
tion to work his way back to Missouri and rescue 



his family, whom he had been compelled to leave 
behind. While in that, branch of the service he 
was stationed on board the "Monarch," later on 
the "Switzerland," and for some time liad charj^e 
of the bmall-pox hospital. At the time the "Queen 
of the West" was ordered to run by Vicksburg 
Dr. Booth was assigned to dut}' as the medical 
officer on that vessel, which passed Vicksburg on 
the morning of February 2, 1*^63. He was later 
captured on the Red River, on the evening of the 
14th of that month, his lioat having run aground 
on a sand bar opposite Ft. Taylor, and before she 
could be released, was disabled by the guns of the 
enemj'. All the officers and most of the crew on 
board escaped on cotton bales and in the small 
boats to a place not far distant. Soon after his cap- 
ture there was an exchange of prisoners, and the 
Doctor and the men who were with him were sent 
to New Orleans, thence to New York, and from 
there to the Philadelphia Navy Yard. While in 
the latter place, he employed his time in visiting 
the hospitals, and in August he was ordered to 
report at the New York Navj- Yard, where be was 
given charge of a train load of exchange prisoners 
bound for St. Louis. 

In the meantime Dr. Booth iiad not been able to 
gain any definite news from his family, who were 
within the Confederate lines. Anxiety on their 
account caused him to resign his position as Sur- 
geon, which was accepted the following October. 
While waiting in St. Louis, endeavoring to get an 
escort from the nearest point of Union forces to 
where his family was located, a vacancy occurred 
in the hospital at Springfield, Mo., and he was 
offered the position by the medical director of the 
department. He accepted, as it took him within 
a short distance of his family, and very soon after 
entering on his duties at Springfield he secured an 
escort and was enabled to bring his family into 
the Union lines, after having been separated from 
them for more than two years. He held the above 
position until July, 1864, when he resigned, and 
locating in Sparta, this county, remained in active 
practice here until September 1, 1889. He then 
removed to Belleville, where his decease occurred. 

January 27, 1850, Dr. David S. Booth married 
Miss Cynthia Grounds, and to them were born the 

following six children: Mary (deceased), Sarah, 
David, Frances, Josephine, and John J., who is now 
dece.ised. Mary was the wife of James E. Jordan, 
and at her decease left a son, Edward, who was 
reared b3- our subject; Sarah married Dr. Jerome 
Thompson, of Morrisonville, this state; David, is 
the assistant of Dr. C. H. Hughes, who holds the 
chair of nervous diseases in the Barnes Jledical 
College of St. Louis. He is a graduate of the St. 
Louis Medical College, and married a Jliss West. 
Frances, the wife of William Burnett, makes her 
home in Ottumwa, Iowa. Josephine is the wife of 
James Sproul. Jr., and is residing in Sparta. 

In his p^olitical relations Dr. Booth was a strong 
Republican, and socially was a prominent Ma- 
son and Knight Templar. In religious affairs 
he w.ns an active member of the Presbyterian 
Church. He was a man of exemplar}' habits, and was 
so thoroughly devoted to his chosen calling thiit 
few knew him outside of his professional life. He 
was enthusiastic in everything that would add to 
his knowledge as a physician and promote the 
science of medicine. He was prominently identi- 
fied with the Southern Illinois Medical Associa- 
tion, of which he had been President; also the 
Illinois State Medical Society, in which he occu- 
pied the same position. He was also a member of 
the American, the Mississippi Valley and the St. 
Clair County Associations. 

^'OlIN P. MtCLURKEN is a bright, intelli- 
gent young writer, who is making the Coul- 
,^^. , terville Republican a wide awake and well 
"^^f managed newspaper. He was born in 
Washington County, 111., and is the son of William 
McClurken, a native of .South Carolina, where his 
birth occurred in 1828. The father accompanied 
his parents on their I'cmoval to this state in 1833, 
and settled in Washington County, where he grew 
to man's estate, and where his father was the owner 
of a large tract of land. 

Miss Mary Cherry, as the mother of our subject 
was known in maidenhood, is a native of Randolph 
County, and the daughter of the late George 
Cherry, a pioneer of this swtiou. Here she was mar- 



ried to William McCliirken, and soon afterward 
they removed to Washington County, this state, 
wiiere they were residingat the time of the father's 
decease, in the fall of 1861. The mother is still 
living (1894) and has attained the age of sixty- 
two. Their family consists of two living children, 
our subject and Maggie E., Mrs. James Torrens, of 
Washington County. The parents were members 
of the Covenanter Church, in which body the.y 
were active workers. • 

Our subject was born September 26, 1854, in 
this state, and remained upon the home farm until 
sixteen years of age. Then with his mother and 
sister he went to Colorado with the St. Louis West- 
ern Colony, of which their pastor, Rev. A. C. Todd, 
was President. While in that state he worked in 
the Evans' Journal ofJico. After a sojourn of two 
years in the west, he returned home, and for a few 
years gave his entire time and attention to the 
completion of his education, attending successively 
Geneva College, at Northwood, Ohio; Monmouth 
College, this state; the Northern Normal and the 
Valparaiso Normal, in Indiana, thus fitting himself 
to occupy any position in life. Afterward he 
taught school for five years, and on July 4, 1891, 
be became the editor and manager of the HejmbUcan, 
in Coulterville, which he is conducting very suc- 
cessfully. The paper is non-partisan in politics, 
and since Mr. McClurken has had charge of it, the 
list of subscribers has been largely increased. Our 
subject is a member of the Covenanter Church, and 
is an Elder of the congregation at Oakdale, and 
also takes an active part in Sunday-school work. 

■ ^ - ag ' 3 i g ae ^6-^t^«»^!S^i^-S!S-g)g-3ig-3!S- 

nent resident of Baldwin, and an honored 
pioneer of Randolph County, was born 
where the town of Baldwin now stands in 
1841, and is the eldest child of James and Jennie 
(McBride) Wilson, both of whom were natives of 
this county. The father was born about 1820. 
and was a son of George and Susanna (Anderson) 
Wilson, who came to Illinois from the Abbe3'ville 
District in South Carolina. The grandmother was 
a native of Nova Scotia, and they were nmong 

the earliest settlers of this community. The fam- 
ily lived for some time in the old fort, which was 
erected for protection against the Indians by the 
old settlers. 

The subject of this sketch acquired his educa- 
tion in the common schools and afterward turned 
his attention to farming, to which pursuit he had 
been reared. He was a successful agriculturist 
and his land was hiwhl^' improved. The town of 
Baldwin was established on part of his father's 
farm, and Mr. Wilson then embarked in merchan- 
dising at that place, carrying on operations along 
that line for a period of five years. 

In 1864, our subject was united in marriage 
with Miss Ellen Been, and to them has been born 
a family of ten children, five of whom are yet liv- 
ing: Leonard; Jennie, wifeof M. J. Delanej'; Mag- 
gie; Martin and Ella. The family are all faithful 
and consistent members of the Presbyterian Church 
and take an active part in its work, and also in 
charitable and benevolent enterprises. The father 
and sons are stanch supporters of the Democratic 

In the year 1873, Mr. Wilson was elected Jus- 
tice of the Peace, and each succeeding re-election 
has found him the people's choice for that office. 
About 1869, he was elected Town Treasurer, and 
is still filling that position. He devotes his entire 
lime and attention to his oflficial duties, and his 
promptness and fidelity have not only caused his 
long retention in office, but have won him the high 
commendation of all and have gained him the con- 
fidence and good will of those with whom he has 
been brought in contact. Socially, he is connected 
with the Odd Pellows' society. He is a man of 
sterling worth and strict integrity, and a well spent 
life has won him universal esteem. 

Warren N. Wilson, a brother of our subject, was 
born on the present site of the town of Baldwin 
in 1857, and was reared to manhood in the coun- 
ty of his nativity. In fact, he has known no other 
home. His early education, acquired in the com- 
mon schools, supplemented by a course in 
Shurtleff College, of Upper Alton, which heentered 
in 1871, there pursuing his studies for two years. 
Later he took up the stud^' of law, and after a 
thorough preparation for that profession he was 



admitted to the Bar in Chester, in 1877, and has 
since siiccessfullj engaged in practice in the courts 
of tliis county. He is well read in his profession, 
and is rapidly winning his way to the front rank 
among leading practitioners of this part of the 
state. He is a supporter of the principles of the 
Democracy, and for six yeai-s he ably served in the 
office of Master in Chancery. He is now serving 
his eighth year as Judge of the County Court, 
having been elected for two terms of four years 

Warren N. Wilson was married in December, 
1878, the lady of his choice being Miss Helen 
Crittenden, whose fatlier located in Chester among 
the early settlers of the county. Both our subject 
and his wife are faithful members of tiie Presby- 
terian Church, and in social circles they rank high, 
for the AVilson family is numbered among the old- 
est arid best families of tlie county, and the his- 
tory of this community- would be incomplete with- 
out mention of tiiem. 

£ ^••{••{••{•'^^•M-++i — = 

\T SAAC MONTGOJIERY. In every department 
Ijl of activity, Steeleville has its leading em- 
iii porium, and unquestionablj' the mercantile 
establishment owned and managed by Mr. Mont- 
gomery should be ranked with the best of its kind. 
Since coming to this place in 1887. he has identi- 
fied himself closely with the business interests of 
the town and county, and is universally recognized 
as a man of superior executive ability and excel- 
lent judgment. 

A native of Indiana. Mr. Montgomery was born 
in Gibson County, February- 26, 182.3. and is a son 
of Thomas and Catherine (Teel) Montgomery. 
The maternal ancestors were originally from Ten- 
nessee. The grandfather came from Perthshire, 
Scotland, and settled in Culpeper Court House, 
Ya. He took part with the Colonies in the Revo- 
lutionary- War. The father of our subject was 
with General Harrison in the War of 1812, in the 
west against the Indians. He was born in Culpeper 
Court House, Va., removing thence to the north. 
and in an early day settled in Indiana, where he 
continued to reside until death. Having located 

in that state during the pioneer days, the family 
experienced all the hardships and privations in- 
cident to life upon the frontier, and the children 
enjoyed limited advantages, their time being de- 
voted to the labor of clearing and cultivating the 

Amid such surroundings, it is needless to sa}- 
that the subject of this sketch had few op|iortuni- 
ties to attend school, nor did he enjoy the manj- 
other advantages which the girls and bo^ys of this 
generation consider a necessity. AVith the excep- 
tion of three months' attendance at school, his time 
was devoted to farm work, and he early acquired 
familiarity with agricultural pursuits. His father 
dying when he was a youth of eighteen, he and 
his brothei-s afterward took charge of the farm, 
which they operated for a number of years. 

In 1845, Mr. Montgomery disposed of his inter- 
ests in Gibson County and removed to Franklin 
County, 111., and purchasing land near Benton, en- 
gaged in farming there for a period of thirty-five 
years. During that time he accumulated a com- 
fortable fortune, and also became well known as a 
man of integrity, energy' and progressive spirit. 
As above stated, he came to Steeleville in 1887, 
and embarked in the mercantile business, in which 
he has since been actively engaged. Though now 
somewhat advanced in \'ears, his mental faculties 
are as keen as when in life's prime, and his health 
is unimpaired. 

The first marriage of Mr. Montgomery occurred 
in 1845, and united him with Mi>s Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Jackson Armstrong, of Gibson County, Ind. 
Mr. and Mrs. Montgomery became the parents of 
twelve children, six of whom died in infancy. W. 
P. married Jliss Eva Naylor, and is a postal clerk 
of the Illinois Central Railroad; Louisa, the widow 
of John McCasland, resides in Ashland, Kan.; 
Henry married Bessie Orsbonie, and resides in No 
Man's Land; Mary is the wife of Simeon AUmon, 
and resides at Benton, 111.; and Joiin is now a 
student in Ewing College. October 23, 1887, Mi-s. 
Elizabeth Montgomery passed away. 

August 21. 1888, Mr. Montgomery married Mrs. 
Annie (Brashear) Courtney, the daughter of John 
W. and Mary G. (.Spencer) Brashear, of Pennsyl- 
vania. In their religious connections, Mr. and 



Mrs. Montgomery are members of the Missionary 
Baptist Church. In national affairs he is a Repub- 
lican, but in local matters he is conservative, vot- 
ing for the candidate whom he deems best quali- 
fied for the position, irrespective of political ties. 
During the late war he enlisted, in October, 1862, 
as a member of Company F, Fifteenth Illinois Cav- 
alry, and was in active service for three years, be- 
ing mustered out at Helena, Ark., in 1865. Alike 
in times of peace and war, he has been faithful to 
his duties as a citizen, and has contributed to the 
advancement of all public-spirited measures. 

ACOB KP'.LLER, M. D., who was engaged in 
the practice of medicine in Steeleville for 
many years, and was one of its leading cit- 

'f) izens, was born in St. Louis, Mo., in 1842. 
His father and motlier both died in that cit3- dur- 
ing the cholera epidemic of 1849, which also car- 
ried off eight children of tlie family, leaving 
-Tacob an orphan when only seven j^ears of age. 
He was reared by an uncle in his native city, 
and after attending the common schools, was grad- 
uated from Wasiiington University of St. Louis, 
and from the Missouri Medical College of St. 
Louis. He had determined to make the practice 
of medicine his life work, and to this end pursued 
a tliorough course of study. 

During the late war, Dr. Keller served as surgeon 
in the Sixth Missouii Infantry, and at the close of 
that struggle, when his aid was no longer needed, 
he took up his residence in Cliester, 111. Previous 
to this time he had gone to Kansas City, Mo., 
wliere he edited a medical journal for some time, 
and then removed to Chester, wliere he continued 
in the practice of his profession until tlie death of 
his wife. 

The Doctor first married Hattie T. Williamson, 
of Pleasant Hill, Mo., and by their union were 
born two cliildren, Robert G. and Mamie, both of 
whom are yet living in Pleasant Hill. In October, 
1874, Dr. Keller was again married, his second 
union being with Mary Glore, a daughter of Jep- 
llia and Margaret (Crisler) Glore, the former born 
in Kentucky, and the latter near Kaskaskia, III. 

Four cliildren grace the second marriage, all of 
whom are yet living, namely: Alargaret Lulu, 
Jacob, Hattie Belle and Cinderella. 

After the death of his first wife Dr. Keller made 
a trip to Europe and visited the colleges and med- 
ical schools on the continent, thus adding greatly 
to liis knowledge of medical science and to his 
ability for work along that lin«. After his return 
to his native land he again spent a shdi't time in 
Chester, and then removed to Steeleville, where he 
continued to reside until called to the home be- 
yond. He was very successful in the practice of 
his profession, and was regarded as one of the 
leading pli^-sicians and surgeons of southern Illi- 
nois, winning a most enviable reputation among 
his professional brethren and among the people at 
large. Socially he was u Roj'al Arch Mason, and 
was also connected with the Grand Army of the 
Republic. In politics he was a stanch supporter 
of Republican principles, and was a progressive 
citizen, who gave his support and hearty co-opera- 
tion to every enterprise calculated to prove of 
public benefit. He died May 21, 188,5, respected 
by all who knew him. His wife, a most estimable 
lad}', is living with her four children at their beau- 
tiful home in Steeleville. In 1883 the Doctor 
took atrip through Florida and South America. 

kEWIS O. McDonald. On section 18, 
township 6, range 7, Randoli)h County, 
lies a pleasant, finely tilled and well im- 
proved farm, which was the property of our sub- 
ject. He was born neai- Preston, this country. May 
6, 1857, to Thomas M. and Mary (Thompson) Mc- 
Donald, aiso natives of this county, who are still 
residing here. The primary education of young 
Lewis was obtained in the common and district 
schools near his home, but he later supplemented it 
by an attendance at the school at Carbondale, 
111^ Subsequently he gave his undivided atten- 
tion to the pursuit of agriculture until his death, 
which sad event occurred December 5. 1892, when 
the community was deprived of one of Its most 
honored and respected citizens. He was a very 
successful farmer, one who pursued the most 



approved methods in the raanageraent of his es- 
tate of sixty-eight acres. 

Miss Jane Jones became tlie wife of our subject 
March 21, 1878. Mrs. McDonald was a native of 
this county, and by lier marriage bore her hus' 
band four children: Clara S. and Charles T., who 
died at the same time as their beloved father; 
Lulu B. and William O., who are still living. The 
good wife and mother passed to the land of rest 
February 28, 1885, and May 18, 1890. Mr. McDonald 
was married to Minnie W., daughter of Samuel H. 
and Mary E. (Wiley) Thompson, also natives of 
this count}-. The father is still living in Chester, 
but the mother died in 1880. To this second 
union of our subject one child, Clay Hill, was 
born, who is now living with his mother. She is 
making her home at Ellis Grove and is a consist- 
ent member of the Baptist Church, as was her 
husband. Mr. McDonald was a leading member 
of the Farmers' Alliance at Ellis Grove, and was 
ever a stanch supporter of the Republican plat- 

_:=^# r^^ ' . 

W AMES M. TEMPLE, one of the most intelli- 
gent and popular farmers of Randolph 
^j^^i County, resides in township 5, range 6. He 
^5^^ is a son of Robert Temple, who was born in 
Allegheny Count}-, Pa., in 1813. His father, John 
Temple, was a native of Scotland, and during the 
Revolutionary War came to America as a British 
officer, but later he left that service and joined the 
Colonial ami}'. After the war he located in Alle- 
gheny County, Pa., where he followed farming un- 
til his deatii, although he was a w-eaver by trade. 
He belonged to the Covenanter Church. 

Robert Temple continued in his native county 
until 1855, when he emigrated to Randolph Coun- 
t}'. 111., and settled three miles southwest of Sparta. 
Later he removed to the farm upon which our 
subject now resides, and continued its cultivation 
until his death. He inairied Rebecca Gregor}-, a 
native of Pennsylvania, whose parents were born 
in Ireland. To them weie born nine children: 
William, who wedded Mary CaslidoUar, a mechanic 
of Houston, 111.; Elizabeth, wife of Andrew Mc- 
Lean, a farmer of this county, by whom she has six 

children; Martha, who became the wife of James 

McLean, and after his death married William 
Gregg, of Nebiaska, bj' whom she has two children; 
Samuel, a furniture dealer of .Missouri, who mar- 
ried Julia Sappiugton; John, who married Amanda 
AYallace, and died leaving three children; James, 
of this sketch; Robert, deceased; Joseph M.. a mer- 
chant of RoUa, Mo., who married Fanny Whittum, 
bj- whom he has seven children, and Charles E., 
also of RoUa, Mo. The father of this family was 
a Democrat in early life, but afterward became a 
Republican, and took a ver}- active interest in polit- 
ical affairs. He held membership with the United 
Presbyterian Chuich, in which lie served as Trus- 
tee, and lived an honorable, upright life, which 
won him the confidence and regard of all. His 
wife, a most estimable lad}-, passed away in 1872. 

James M. Temple was boi-n in Allegheny Coun- 
ty, Pa., October 31, 1840, and there made his home 
until 1855. He continued under the parental ruof 
until 1863, when he went to the front in defense 
of the Union, as a member of Company K, One 
Hundred and Forty -second Illinois Infantry, serv- 
ing under Captain Cliilds and Colonal Anchony. 
of Chicago. In that city he was discharged De- 
cember 15, 1864. Immediately afterward he re- 
turned home, where he remained for a year, and 
then spent three years and a-half in driving a 
stage between Sparta and St. Louis. At the expir- 
ation of that period he purchased his present farm, 
which comprises one hundred and twenty-six and 
a-half acres of good land. 

The marriage of Mr. Temple and Rosanna Sap- 
piugton, a native of Madison County, 111., was 
celebrated August 31, 1869. She is a daughter of 
Anderson and Fannie (Pipkin) Sappington, the 
former a native of Missouri, and the latter of Ten- 
nessee. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Temple have been 
born seven children: Robert A., who married Ada 
Moore, by whom he has a daughter. Lula E.; Lillie 
A., wife of Lyman Morrison; Jessie M., Rosalie, 
P. Roscoe, Bertha D. and Daisy W. 

Mr. Temple started out in life empty-handed, 
but is now in comfortable circumstances, and in 
addition to his farm he owns an interest in a 
creamery. His success is well deserved, for it is the 
reward of his own labor. He has served as Presi- 



dent of the Mutual Insurance Company. In poli- 
tics he is an independent Pi-ohibitionist, and was 
the candidate for State Senator on that ticket. So- 
cially, he is connected with tlie Grand Army of 
the Republic. Himself, wife and four children 
liold membership with the United Presliyterian 
Churcli of Sparta. For twenty-one years he served 
as an Elder in the United Presbyterian Church, 
and has ever been a leading and faithful worker 
for religious causes. He was true to liis country 
in her hour of peril, and his fidelity and faithful- 
ness are alike shown in times of peace by his ear- 
nest efforts to promote tiie public welfare. 

'\TJ OHN MUDD was for many years a promi- 
nent and highly respected citizen of Ran- 
dolph Count}', and when he passed away, 
the following words were spoken of him at 
the funeral service. "Mr. Mudd was one of those 
old pioneer citizens of Randulph County' whose 
number is growing painfully less, as the cold, piti- 
less hand of death plucks them, one bj' one, from 
the seclusion of the life they have chosen after 
the life wliich developed our civilization and the 
religion which tlieir posterity practice. No better, 
nobler old gentleman has gone to the realms of 
shade, and no truer Catholic and broad-hearted 
philanthropist, tlian he who sleeps beneath the 
humble mound in the cemeter_y where rests so 
many of old Randolph's noble dead. Born in 
Kentucky, he was a genuine American, and was a 
true and tried Christian. He had the satisfaction, 
which is so gratifying to the aged, of seeing his 
family filling honorable positions in society and 
the business walks of life. Having lived far past 
his three-score years and ten, he was an exemplifi- 
cation of the promise of the Almigiity, 'Honor 
thy father and thy mother that thy days may be 
long in the laud which the Lord thy God shall 
give to thee.' " 

Mr. Mudd was born in Slielby County, H-y., in 
February, 1802, and when but seventeen years of 
age came to Randolph County, locating in the 
neighborhood of Prairie du Rocher. Returning 
to his native state, he married Mary Brewer, and 

then brought his bride to his new home. They 
became the parents of six children: Vincent, who 
is married and with his family resides near the old 
homestead; Harrison, who died leaving four chil- 
dren; F. Celine, who died leaving three children; 
Sophia, wife of James Daily, of Monroe County; 
William T.; and John E., who is engaged in farm- 
ing near Red Bud. 

After coming to Randolph Count}', Mr. Mudd 
worked by the month, but by economy and indus- 
try he soon secured enough capital to purchase a 
small farm. To this lie added from time to time, 
until at his death he owned a valuable farm of 
two hundred acres. He was an unusually active 
man, and his success was well deserved. He was 
long a prominent worker in the Catholic Church, 
and in politics was an uncompromising Democrat, 
but would never accept public office, ('liarital)le 
and benevolent, he gave so freely that his liberal- 
ity was almost a fault. His death occurred in 
April, 1883, at the .age of eightj'-one. His wife 
survived him until July, 1893, when she too 
passed away at the age of eighty-one. An active 
Christian woman, like her husl)and she held mem- 
bership with the Catholic Church. 

William T. Mudd was born in this county, Sep- 
tember 14, 1843, and was educated in the common 
schools. In the spring of 1861 he went to Colo- 
rado, where he spent about four years on account 
of ill-health. In 1864 he returned, and the fol- 
lowing 3'ear was united in marriage with Miss 
Ella, daughter of James Roscow, one of the pio- 
neers of this county, who died in July, 1»79, at 
the age of sixty -seven years, leaving a family of 
six children, four of whom are yet living. His 
wife bore the maiden name of Maria Palmer and 
was a native of England. Mr. and Mrs. Mudd 
have one son, John T., who works in his father's 
store. He married TiUie Havermann, and they 
have one child, Roscoe. 

William T. Mudd and his family are all mem- 
bers of and active workers in the Catholic Church. 
In politics he is a Democrat. He came to Red 
Bud about 1868, and worked in mercantile stores 
for others until 1883, when he began business for 
himself. Five years later he sold out and formed 
a partnership with Mr. McQuillan, under the firm 



name of Mudd & McQuillan, and the partnership 
Las since continued. They deal in general merchan- 
dise, and also in farm imi)lements, and are doing a 
good business. 

^ - . ^■^♦♦♦♦♦•S"}- - - - ^ 

<^UGUST WILHKLMS, wiio resides on see- 
' Wl \ \ *'^" ^'' township 3, range 8 west, and 

I II there carries on general farming and 
^jfl stock-raising, is one of the worthy- citizens 

that Germany has furnished to Monroe County. 
He was born in Hanover October 15, 1841, and is 
a son of Henry and Christina Wilhelms. In bis 
native land the father followed weaving. In 
1845 he came to the United States, with the in- 
teuion of settling in Texas, but stopping at Alex- 
andria, La., thence turned his course northward, 
and came to Monroe County in the spring of 1846. 
On section 27, township 3, range 8 west, he bought 
forty acres of land and entered an eighty-acre 
tract of woodland, which by hard work he con- 
verted into fertile Qelds. Upon the old home- 
stead he lived until his death, which occurred 
May 18, 1854. He was a member of the Evangel- 
ical Church, and served as a Director of the church 
in his native land. 

Surviving Henry Wilhelms were his widow and 
six children, of whom we note the following: 
Henry was born May 1, 1831, and died Novem- 
ber 9, 1876. Caroline, who was born in 1834, 
married Fred Wagener, who, with their three chil- 
dren, August, Amelia and Lena, are still living; 
she died May 18, 1868. Frederick was born in 
1838, and died September 15, 1864. August, the 
subject of this sketch, is the next in order of birth. 
Charles, whose birth occurred in 1843, passed away 
January- 15, 1866. Louisa was born March 5, 
1851, and died February 13,1867. The widow 
is still living (1894) on the old homestead with 
her son, and has attained the advanced age of 
eighty-four years. 

After the death of his father, our subject 
remained with his mother until he was old 
enough to work out as a farm laborer. Soon, 
however, he drifted to the city, where he worked 
at various occupations in order to obtain the 
money for an education. In 1861, wlien the war 

broke out, he was found among the bo\'s in blue, 
lie enlisted August 27, 1861, and was mustered 
out November 4, 1865, at Nashville, Tenn. He 
was a member of Company M, Seventh Illinois 
Cavalry, and participated in the operations against 
New JLadrid. Island No. 10, Corinth, and in the 
battles of luka, Corinth, Port Hudson and Nash- 
vil'e, and the Giierson raid, in which eight hun- 
dred miles were traversed in seventeen days. On 
the 26tli of December, 1863, at Somerville, in an 
engagement with Forrest's cavalr3', he was taken 
prisoner, but through a daring effort and good 
"running gears" he managed to get away from his 
enemies. Altogether he was in sixty skirmishes 
and engagements. During the last two years he 
served as Orderly .Sergeant in his company. True 
to the Old Flag and the cause which it represented, 
he stood by his colors until the desired end was 
attained and the Union saved, after which he 
came back to his mother and commenced work on 
the old homestead. 

June 13, 1867, our subject married Miss Eliza- 
beth Von Schreeb, daughter of Adolph and Bar- 
bara (Welsh) Von Schreeb. Her father, who was 
born in tlie province of Mecklenburg, German^', 
joined the Dutch army at the age of fifteen years 
and went to the East Indies, from which place he 
sailed on a ship for China. During the voyage he 
was thrown overboard by a gale, but by means of 
a plank his life was saved. On reaching China, he 
was sick with yellow fever, and was taken on 
shore and placed under a shade tree, where he was 
found by a Chinese couple, who were mourning 
the loss of their only son. They adopted him as 
their child, and with them he remained for five 
years. Then, embarking on a ship, he returned 
to his native land, where he had long been counted 
with the dead. 

In 1834 Mr. Von Schreeb emigrated to the 
United States and engaged in boating on the 
Mississippi River until 1836, when he came to 
Monroe County and entered eighty acres on sec- 
tion 22, township 3, range 8 west. There he cleared 
a farm and made a good home, which continued to 
be his place of abode through life. He here mar- 
ried Clara Waldmann, by whom -he had three chil- 
dren, two djing in infancy. A son, Ernest Will- 


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iam, is living in Ottawa, La Salle Count}', 111. 
In 1847 Mis. Clara Von Schreob died, and during 
the following year Mr. Von Sclireeb married Bar- 
bara Welsh, their union being severed b}' his 
death .lanuary 22, 1849. One child was born of 
this marriage, Elizabeth, whose birth occurred May 
25, 1849. Mr. Von Sehreeb was one of the earli- 
est settlers of this community, and was an honored 
pioneer. He helped to haul the logs for the build- 
ing of the old Evangelical Church in this township, 
and was one of the faithful members of tliat re- 
ligious organization. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Willielins were born fourteen 
children, ten of whom are yet living: Hellena, wife 
of Philip Hecke, of this community; Mary W., at 
home; Edward W., August E., Elizabeth C, Albert 
J., Anna JL, Frank E., Adaline M. and Adolpli 
H. Louisa, Henry, Josephine and S3-lvester died 
in cliildhood. The famil}' has a pleasant home on 
a fine farm of three hundred and fort}' acres. Of 
this two hundred acres are under a high state of 
cultivation, and the neat and thrifty appearance 
of the place indicates the enterprise and careful 
supervision of the owner. 

In his political views, Mr. WiUielms is a Kepuli- 
lican. For the long period of twenty-one years he 
served as School Director, and for three years 
was Road Commissioner. He is a prominent 
worker in the Grand Army of the Republic, and is 
now Commander of Henry Nicholson Post No. 
457, G. A. R., of Red Bud. He also belongs to the 
Farmers' Mutual Benefit Association, and is a mem- 
ber of the Evangelical Church. He served as one 
of its Directors for a number of years, and is 
numbered among its faithful workers. Since 1846 
he has lived upon his present farm and is one of 
the honored pioneers of the county. 

l(S), ^iMjjk .(sj 

^/'RANK MATNEY. As a representative of 

P^ the progressive and successful farmers and 
stock-raisers of Randolph County, especial 
mention belongs to the subject of this sketch, who 
conducts general agricultural operations on sec- 

tion 25, township 6, range 7. Through the exer- 
cise of careful management in the conduct of his 
business affairs, he has become the owner of one 
hundred and twenty acres, wliich he has placed 
under excellent cultivation. 

The father and mother of our subject bore the 
names of Sylvester and Rlioda (Hill) Matney, and 
were natives of North Carolina, whence they re- 
moved to this state, and spent their last days in 
Marion County. There was born to them a fam- 
ily of two children, of whom our subject was the 
elder, the date of his birth being August 6, 1846. 
Losing his parents when quite young, our subject 
caine to this county when twelve years old, and 
lived with Charles Sanders, near Chester. He re- 
ceived his education in tlie common schools in the 
neighborhood, and worked on the farm for Mr. 
Sanders for his board and clothing. 

When seventeen years old, in 1863, young Mat- 
ney enlisted in the Union army, in Company I, 
Tenth Illinois Infantry, and proved a gallant sol- 
dier, remaining in the service until the close of 
hostilities. He was a participant in twenty-seven 
battles, among which were some of the most famous 
of the war. May 30, 1865, he was mustered out, 
and was honorably discharged at McDougal Hos- 
pital, near New York City. He was wounded at 
Bentonville, N. C, and remained in the hospital a 
short time. 

After leaving the army, Mr. M