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Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois. 



Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens 


Together with Biographies of all the 

Governors of the §tato, and of the f residents 





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jilE greatest of English historians, Mac-allay, and one of the most brilliant writers of 
the present century, has said: "The history of a country is best told in a record of tin- 
lives of its people." In conformity with this idea the Portrait and Biographk m 
Record of this county has been prepared. Instead of going to musty records, and 
taking therefrom dry statistical matter that can be appreciated by but few, our 
corps of writers have gone to the people, the men and women who have, by their 
enterprise and industry, brought the county to rank second to none among those 
comprising this great and noble State, and from their lips have the story of their life 
struggles. No more interesting or instructive matter could be presented to an intelli- 
gent public. In this volume will be found a record of many whose lives are worthy the 
imitation of coming generations. It tells how some, commencing life in poverty, by 
industry and economy have accumulated wealth. It tells how others, with limited 
advantages for securing an education, have become learned men and women, with an 
influence extending throughout the length and breadth of the land. It tells of men who 
have risen from the lower walks of life to eminence as statesmen, and whose names have 
become famous. It tells of those in every walk in life who have striven to succeed, and 
records how that success has usually crowned their efforts. It tells also of many, very 
many, who, not seeking the applause of the world, have pursued "the even tenor of their way." content 
to have it said of them as Christ said of the woman performing a deed of mercy — -they have done what 
they could." It tells how that many in the pride and strength of young manhood left the plow and the 
anvil, the lawyer's office and the counting-room, left every trade and profession, and at their country's 
call went forth valiantly "to do or die," and how through their efforts the Union was restored and peace 
once more reigned in the laud. In the life of every man and of every woman is a lesson that should not 
be lost upon those who follow after. 

Coming generations will appreciate this volume and preserve it as a sacred treasure, from the fact 
that it contains so much that would never find its way into public records, and which would otherwise be 
inaccessible. Great care has been taken in the compilation of the work and every opportunity possible 
iriven to those represented to insure correctness in what has been written, and the publishers flatter them- 
selves that they give to their readers a work with few errors of consequence. In addition to the biograph- 
ical sketches, portraits of a number of representative citizens are given. 

The faces of some, and biographical sketches of many, will be missed in this volume. For this the 
publishers are not to blame. Not having a proper conception of the work, some refused to give the 
information necessary to compile a sketch, while others were indifferent. Occasionally some member of 
the family would oppose the enterprise, and on account of such opposition the support of the interested 
one would be withheld. In a few instances men could never be found, though repeated calls were made 
at their residence or place of business. 

October. 1881. Biographical Publishing ( o 



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HE Father of our Country was 
I born in Westmorland Co., Va., 
x Feb. 22, 1732. His parents 
were Augustine and Mary 
(Ball) Washington. The family 
to which he belonged has not 
been satisfactorily traced in 
England. His great-grand- 
father, John Washington, em- 
igrated to Virginia about 1657, 
and became a prosperous 
planter. He had two sons, 
Lawrence and John. The 
former married Mildred Warner 
and had three children, John. 
Augustine and Mildred. Augus- 
tine, the father of George, first 
married Jane Butler, who bore 
him four children, two of whom, 
Lawrence and Augustine, reached 
maturity. Of six children by his 
second marriage, George was the 
eldest, the others being Betty, 
Samuel, John Augustine, Charles 
and Mildred. 
Augustine Washington, the father of George, died 
in 1743, leaving a large landed property. To his 
eldest son, Lawrence, he bequeathed an estate on 
the Patomac, afterwards known as Mount Vernon, 
and to George he left the parental residence. George 
received only such education as the neighborhood 
schools afforded, save for a short time after he left 
school, when he received private instruction in 
mathematics. His spelling was rather defective 

Remarkable stories are told of his great physica: 
strength and development at an early age. He was 
an acknowledged leader among his companions, and 
was early noted for that nobleness of character, fair- 
ness and veracity which characterized his whole life. 

When George was 1 4 years old he had a desire to go to 
sea, and a midshipman's warrant was secured for him, 
but through the opposition of his mother the idea was 
abandontd. Two years later he was appointed 
surveyor to the immense estate of Lord Fairfax. In 
this business he spent three years in a rough frontier 
life, gaining experience which afterwards proved very 
essential to him. In 175 1, though only 19 years of 
age, he was appointed adjutant with the rank of 
major in the Virginia militia, then being trained for 
active service against the French and Indians. Soon 
after this he sailed to the West Indies with his brother 
Lawrence, who went there to restore his health They 
soon returned, and in the summer of 1752 Lawrence 
died, leaving a large fortune to an infant daughter 
who did not long survive him. On her demise the 
estate of Mount Vernon was given to George. 

Upon the arrival of Robert Dinwiddie, as Lieuten- 
ant-Governor of Virginia, in 1752, the militia was 
reorganized, and the province divided into four mili- 
tary districts, of which the northern was assigned to 
Washington as adjutant general. Shortly after this 
a very perilous mission was assigned him and ac- 
cepted, which others had refused. This was to pro- 
ceed to the French post near Lake Erie in North- 
western Pennsylvania. The distance to be traversed 
was between 500 and 600 miles. Winter was at hand, 
and the journey was to be made without military 
escort, through a territory occupied 

bv Indians. The 



trip was a perilous one, and several limes he came near 
losing his life, yet he returned in safety and furnished 
a full and useful report of his expedition. A regiment 
of 300 men was raised in Virginia and put in com- 
mand of Col. Joshua Fry, and .Major Washington was 
commissioned lieutenant-colonel. Active war was 
then begun against the French and Indians, in which 
Washington took a most important part. In the 
memorable event of July 9, 1755, known as Brad- 
dock's defeat, Washington was almost the only officer 
of distinction who escaped from the calamities of the 
day with life and honor. The other aids of Braddock 
were disabled early in the action, and Washington 
alone was left in that capacity on the field. In a letter 
to his brother he says : "1 had four bullets through 
my coat, and two horses shot under me, yet I escaped 
unhurt, though death was leveling my companions 
on every side." An Indian sharpshooter said he was 
not born to be killed by a bullet, for he had taken 
direct aim at him seventeen times, and failed to hit 

After having been five years in the military service, 
and vainly sought promotion in the royal army, he 
took advantage of the fall of Fort Duquesne and the 
expulsion of the French from the valley of the Ohio, 
co resign his commission. Soon after he entered the 
Legislature, where, although not a leader, he took an 
active and important part. January 17, 1759, he 
married Mrs. Martha (Dandridge) Custis, the wealthy 
widow of John Parke Custis. 

When the British Parliament had closed the port 
->f Boston, the cry went up throughout the provinces 
that "The cause of Boston is the cause of us all." 
It was then, at the suggestion of Virginia, that a Con- 
gress of all the colonies was called to meet at Phila- 
delphia.Sept. 5, 1774, to secure their common liberties, 
peaceably if possible. To this Congress Col. Wash- 
ington was sent as a delegate. On May 10, 1775, the 
Congress re-assembled, when the hostile intentions of 
England were plainly apparent. The battles of Con- 
cord and Lexington had been fought. Among the 
first acts of this Congress was the election of a com- 
mander-in-chief of the colonial forces. This high and 
responsible office was conferred upon Washington, 
who was still a member of the Congress. He accepted 
it on Tune 19, but upon the express condition that he 
receive no salary. He would keep an exact account 
of expenses and expect Congress to pay them and 
nothing more. It is not the object of this sketch to 
trace the military acts of Washington, to whom the 
fortunes and liberties of the people of this country 
were so long confided. The war was conducted by 
him under every possible disadvantage, and while his 
forces often met with reverses, yet he overcame even- 
obstacle, and after seven years of heroic devotion 
and matchless skill he gained liberty for the greatest 
nation of earth. On Dec. 23, ^83, Washington, in 
a parting address of surpassing beauty, tesigned his 

commission as commander-in-chief of the army to 
to the Continental Congress sitting at Annapolis. He 
retired immediately to Mount Vernon and resumed 
Ins occupation as a farmer and planter, shunning all 
connection with public life. 

1 February, 1789, Washington was unanimously 
elected President. In his presidential career he w;i> 
subject to the peculiar trials incidental to a new 
government ; trials from lack of confidence on the pan 
of other governments ; trials from want of harmony 
between the different sections of our own country; 
trials from the impoverished condition of the country, 
owing to the war and want of credit; trials from the 
beginnings of party strife. He was no partisan. His 
clear judgment could discern the golden mean; and 
while perhaps this alone kept our government from 
sinking at the very outlet, it left him exposed to 
attacks from both sides, which were often bitter and 
very annoying. 

At the expiration of his first term he was unani- 
mously re-elected. At the end of this term many 
were anxious that he be re-elected, but he absolutely 
refused a third nomination. On the fourth of March, 
1797, at the expiraton of his second term as Presi- 
dent, he returned to his home, hoping to pass there 
his few remaining yeais free from the annoyances of 
public life. Later in the year, however, his repose 
seemed likely to be interrupted by war with France 
At the prospect of such a war he was again urged to 
take command of the armies. He chose his sill - 
ordinate officers and left to them the charge of mat- 
ters in the field, which he superintended from his 
home. In accepting the command he made the 
reservation that he was not to be in the field uniil 
it was necessary. In the midst of these preparations 
his life was suddenly cut off. December 12. he took 
a severe cold from a ride in the rain, which, settling 
in lis throat, produced inflammation, and terminated 
fatally on the night of the fourteenth. On the eigh- 
teenth his body was borne wih military honors to its 
final resting place, and interred in the family vault at 
Mount Vernon. 

Of the character of Washington it is impossible to 
speak but in terms of the highest respect and ad- 
miration. The more we see of the operations of 
our government, and the more deeply we feel the 
difficulty of uniting all opinions in a common interest, 
the more highly we must estimate the force of his tal- 
ent and character, which have been able to challenge 
the reverence of all parties, and principles, and na- 
tions, and to win a fame as extended as the limits 
of the globe, and which we cannot but believe will 
be as lasting as the existence of man. 

The person of Washington was unusally tan, erect 
and well proportioned. His muscular strength was 
great. His features were of a beautiful symmetry. 
He commanded respect without any appearance of 
haughtiness, and ever serious without K*>in C dull. 





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^f|| OHN ADAMS, the second 

:., President and the first Vice- 
is^ President of the United States 
//j was born in Braintree ( now 
Quincy ),Mass., and about ten 
™ miles from Boston, Oct. 19, 
735. His great-grandfather, Henry 
Adams, emigrated from England 
about 1640, with a family of eight 
I sons, and settled at Braintree. The 
parents of John were John and 
Susannah (Boylston) Adams. His 
father was a farmer of limited 
means, to which he added the bus- 
iness of shoemaking. He gave his 
eldest son, John, a classical educa- 
tion at Harvard College. John 
graduated in 1755, and at once took charge of the 
school in Worcester, Mass. This he found but a 
'school of affliction," from which he endeavored to 
gain .elief by devoting himself, in addition, to the 
study of law. For this purpose lie placed himself 
under the tuition of the only lawyer in the town. He 
had thought seriously of the clerical profession 
but seems to have been turned from this by what he 
termed " the frightful engines of ecclesiastical coun- 
jils, cf diabolical malice, and Calvanistic good nature,'' 
of the operations of which he had been a witne^ in 
his native town. He was well fitted for the legal 
profession, possessing a clear, sonorous voice, being 
ready and fluent of speech, and having quick percep- 
:ive powers. He gradually gained practice, and in 
1764 married Abigail Smith, a daughter of a minister, 
and a lady of superior intelligence. Shortly after his 
marriage, (17 ^5), the attempt of Parliamentary taxa- 
tion turned him from law to politics. He took initial 
steps toward holdir. = a town meeting, and the resolu- 

tions he offered on the subject became very populai 
throughout the Province, and were adopted word for 
word by over forty different towns. He moved to Bos 
ton in 1768, and became one of the most courageous 
and prominent advocatesof the popular cause, and 
.vas chosen a member of the General Court (the Leg- 
lislaturc) in 1770. 

Mr. Adams was chosen one of the first delegates 
from Massachusetts to the first Continental Congress, 
which met in 1774. Here he distinguished himselt 
by his capacity for business and for debate, and ad- 
vocated the movement for independence against tb ; 
majority of the members. In May, 1776, he mcved 
and carried a resolution in Congress that the Colonies 
should assume the duties of self-government. He 
was a prominent member of the committee of ave 
appointed June n, to prepare a declaration of inde- 
pendence. This article was drawn by Jefferson, but 
on Adams devolved the task of battling it through 
Congress in a three days debate. 

On the day after the Declaration of Independence 
was passed, while his soul was yet warm with thj 
glow of excited feeling, lie wrote .1 letter to his wife 
which, as we read it now, seems to have been dictatei 
by the spirit of prophecy. "Yesterday," he says, "the 
greatest question was decided that ever was debated 
in .America; and greater, perhaps, never was or wi! 
be decided among men. A resolution was passed 
without one dissenting colony, ' that these United 
States are, and of right ought to be, free and inde- 
pendent states.' The day i^ passed. The fourth of 
July, 1776, will be a memorable epoch in the history 
of America. I am apt to believe it will be celebrated 
by succeeding generations, as the great anniversary 
festival. It ought to be commemorated as the day of 
deliverance by solemn acts of devotion to Almighty 
God. It ought to be solemnized with i>omp, shows- 



games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires, and illuminations 
from one end of the continent to the other, from this 
time forward for ever. You will think me transported 
with enthusiasm, but I am not. I am well aware of 
the toil, and blood and treasure, that it will cost to 
maintain this declaration, and support and defend 
these States; yet, through all the gloom, I can seethe 
rays of light and glory. I can see that the end is 
w^rth more than all the means; and that posterity 
will triumph, although you and I may rue, which I 
hope we shall not." 

In November, 1777. Mr. Adams was appointed a 
delegate to France and to co-operate with Bemjamin 
Franklin and Arthur Lee, who were then in Paris, in 
the endeavor to obtain assistance in arms and money 
from the French Government. This was a severe trial 
to his patriotism, as it separated him from his home, 
compelled him to cross the ocean in winter, and ex- 
posed him to great peril of capture by the British cruis- 
ers, who were seeking him. He left France June 17, 
1779. In September of the same year he was again 
chosen to go to Paris, and there hold himself in readi- 
ness to negotiate a treaty of peace and of commerce 
with Great Britian, as soon as the British Cabinet 
might be found willing to listen to such pioposels. He 
sailed for France in November, from there he went to 
Holland, where he negotiated important loans and 
formed important commercial treaties. 

Finally a treaty of peace with England was signed 
Jan. 2i, 1783. The re-action from the excitement, 
toil and anxiety through which Mr. Adams had passed 
threw him into a fever. After suffering from a con- 
tinued fever and becoming feeble and emaciated he 
was advised to go to England to drink the waters of 
Bath. While in England, still drooping anddespond- 
ing, he received dispatches from his own government 
urging the necessity of his going to Amsterdam to 
negotiate another loan. It was winter, his health was 
delicate, yet he immediately set out, and through 
storm, on sea, on horseback and foot,he made the trip. 

February 24, 1785, Congress appointed Mr. Adams 
envoy to the Court of St. James. Here he met face 
to face the King of England, who had so long re- 
garded him as a traitor. As England did not 
condescend to appoint a minister to the United 
States, and as Mr. Adams felt that he was accom- 
plishing but little, he sought permission to return to 
his own country, where he arrived in June, 1788. 

When Washington was first chosen President, John 
Adams, rendered illustiious by his signal services at 
home and abroad, was chosen Vice President. Again 
at the second election of Washington as President, 
Adams was chosen Vice President. In 1796, Wash- 
ington retired from public life, and Mr. Adams was 
elected President,though not without much opposition. 
Serving in this office four vears,he was succeeded by 
Mr. Jefferson, his opponent in politics. 

While Mr. Adams was Vice President the great 

French Revolution shook the continent of Europe, 
and it was upon this point which he was at issue with 
the majority of his countrymen led by Mr. Jefferson. 
Mr. Adams felt no sympathy with the French people 
in their struggle, for lie had no confidence in their 
power of self-government, and he utterly abhored the 
classof atheist philosophers who he claimed caused it. 
On the other hand Jefferson's sympathies were strongly 
enlisted in behalf of the French people. Hence or- 
iginated the alienation between these distinguished 
men, and two powerful parties were thus soon organ- 
ised, Adams at the head of the one whose sympathies 
were with England and Jefferson led the other in 
sympathy with France. 

The world has seldom seen a spectacle of more 
moral beauty and grandeur, than was presented by the 
old age of Mr. Adams. The violence of party feeling 
had died away, and he had begun to receive that just 
appreciation which, to most men, is not accorded till 
after death. No one could look upon his venerable 
form, and think of what he had done and suffered, 
and how he had given up all the prime and strength 
of his life to the public good, without the deepest 
emotion of gratitude and respect. It was his peculiar 
good fortune to witness the complete success of the 
institution which he had been so active in creating and 
supporting. In 1824, his cup of happiness was filled 
to the brim, by seeing his son elevated to the highest 
station in the gift of the people. 

The fourth of July, 1826, which completed the half 
century since the signing of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, arrived, and there were but three of the 
signers of that immortal instrument left upon the 
earth to hail its morning light. And, as it is 
well known, on that day two of these finished their 
earthly pilgrimage, a coincidence so remarkable as 
to seem miraculous. For a few days before Mr. 
Adams had been rapidly failing, and on the morning 
of the fourth he found himself too weak to rise from 
his bed. On being requested to name a toast for the 
customary celebration of the day, he exclaimed " In- 
dependence forever." When the day was ushered 
in, by the ringing of bells and the firing of cannons, 
he was asked by one of his attendants if he knew 
what day it was? He replied, "O yes ; it is the glor- 
ious fourch of July — God bless it — God bless you all." 
In the course of the day he said, "It is a great and 
glorious day." The last words he uttered were, 
" Tefferson survives." But he had, at one o'clock, re- 
signed his spirit into the hands of his God. 

The personal appearance and manners of Mr. 
Adams were not particularly prepossessing. His face, 
as his portrait manifests,was intellectual ard expres- 
sive, but his figure was low and ungraceful, and h>s 
manners were frequently abrupt and uncourteous. 
He had neither the lofty dignity of Washington, nor 
the engaging elegance and gracefulness which marked 
the manners and address of Tefferson. 







born April ^. 1743, at Shad- 

pwell, Albermarle county, Va. 

His parents were Peter and 
Jane ( Randolph) Jefferson, 
th j former a native of Wales, 
and the latter born in Lon- 
don. To them were born six 
daughters and two sons, of 
whom Thomas was the elder. 
When 14 years of age his 
father died. He received a 
most liberal education, hav- 
been kept diligently at school 
from the time he was live years of 
age. In 1760 he entered William 
end Mary College. Williamsburg was then the seat 
of the Colonial Court, and it was the obodeof fashion splendor. Young Jefferson, who was then z-j 
years old, lived somewhat e.xpensivelv, keeping fine 
horses, and much caressed 1; _ society, \ et he 
was earnestly devoted to his studies, and irreproacha- 
able in his morals. It is strange, however, under 
such influences, that he was not ruined. In the sec- 
ond year of his college course, moved by some un- 
explained inward impulse, he discarded his horses, 
society, and even his favorite violin, to which he had 
previously given much time. He often devoted fifteen 
hours a day to haid study, allowing himself for ex- 
ercise only a run in the evening twilight of a mile out 
of the city and back again. He thus attained very 
high intellectual culture, alike excellence in philoso- 
phy and the languages. The most difficult Latin and 
Greek authors he read with facility. A more finished 
scholar has seldom gone forth from college halls: and 

there was not to be found, perhaps, in all Virginia, a 
more purenrinded, upright, gentlemanly young man. 

Immediately upon leaving college he began the 
study of law. For the short time he continued in the 
tice of his profession he rose rapidly and distin- 
guished himself by his energy and accuteness as a 
lawyer. But the times called for greater action. 
The policy of England had awakened the spirit of 
resistance of the American Colonies, and the enlarged 
views which Jefferson had ever entertained, soon led 
him into active political life. In 1769 he was chosei 
a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses In 
177; he married Mrs. Martha Skelton, a very beauti- 
ful, wealthy and highly accomplished young widow 

Upon Mr. Jefferson's large estate at Shadwell. th>n- 
majestic swell of land, caMed Monticello, which 
commanded a prospect of wonderful extent and 
beauty. This spot Mr. Jefferson selected (or his new 
home; and here he reared a mansion of modest ye* 
elegant architecture, which, next to Mount Vernon 
became the most distinguished resort in our land. 

In 1775 ' le was sent to the Cclonial Congress 
where, though a silent member, his abilities as a 
writer and a reasoner soon become known, and he 
laced uiion a number of important committees, 
and was chairman of the one appointed for the draw- 
ing up of a declaration of independence. This com- 
mittee consisted of Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, 
Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman and Robert R. 
Livingston. Jefferson, as chairman, was appointed 
to draw up the pa;ier. Franklin and Adams suggested 
a tew verbal changes before it was submitted to Con- 
gress. On June 2S. a few slight changes were made 
in it by Congress, and it was passed and signed July 
4. 1776 What must have been the feelings of that 



man — what the emotions that swelled his breast — 
who was charged with the preparation of that Dec- 
laration, which, while it made known the wrongs of 
America, was also to publish her to the world, free, 
sjoverign and independent. It is one of the most re- 
markable papers ever written ; and did no other effort 
uf the mind of its author exist, that alone would be 
sufficient to stamp his name with immortality. 

In 1779 Mr. Jefferson was elected successor to 
Patrick Henry, as Governor of Virginia. At one time 
the British officer, Tarleton, sent a secret expedition to 
Momicello, to capture the Governor. Scarcely five 
minutes elapsed after the hurried escape of Mr. Jef- 
ferson and his family, ere his mansion was in posses- 
sion of the British troops. His wife's health, never 
very good, was much injured by this excitement, and 
in the summer of 1782 she died. 

Mr. Jefferson was elected to Congress in 1783. 
Two years later he was appointed Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to France. Returning to the United States 
in September, 1789, he became Secretary of State 
in Washington's cabinet. This position he resigned 
Jan. 1, 1794. In 1797, he was chosen Vice Presi- 
dent, and four years later was elected President o\er 
Mr. Adams, with Aaron Burr as Vice President. In 
1804 he was re-elected with wonderful unanimity, 
and George Clinton, Vice President. 

The early part of Mr. Jefferson's second adminstra- 
iion was disturbed by an event which threatened the 
tranquility and peace of the Union; this was the con- 
spiracy of Aaron Burr. Defeated in the late election 
to the Vice Presidency, and led on by an unprincipled 
ambition, this extraordinary man formed the plan of a 
military expedition into the Spanish territories on our 
southwestern frontier, for the purpose of forming there 
a new republic. This has been generally supposed 
was a mere pretext ; and although it has not been 
generally known what his real plans were, there is no 
doubt that they were of a far more dangerous 

In 1809, at the expiration of the second term for 
which Mr. Jefferson had been elected, he determined 
to retire from political life. For a period of nearly 
.orty years, he had been continually before the pub- 
lic, and all that time had been employed in offices of 
the greatest trust and responsibility. Having thus de- 
voted the best part of his life to the service of his 
country, he now felt desirous of that rest which his 
declining years required, and upon the organization of 
the new administration, in March, 1809, he bid fare- 
well forever to public life, and retired to Monticelio. 

Mr. Jefferson was profuse in his hospitality. Whole 
families came in their coaches with their horses, — 
fathers and mothers, boys and girls, babies and 
nurses, — and remained three and even six months. 
Life at Monticelio, for years, resembled that at a 
fashionable watering-place. 

The fourth of July, 1826, being the fiftieth anniver- 

sary of the Declaration of American Independence, 
great preparations weie made in every part of th<; 
Union for its celebration, as the nation's jubilee, and 
the citizens of Washington, to add to the solemnity 
ot the occasion, invited Mr. Jefferson, as the framet. 
and one of the few surviving signers of the Declara- 
tion, to participate in their testivities. But an ill- 
ness, which had been of several weeks duration, and 
had been continually increasing, compelled him to 
decline the invitation. 

On the second of July, the disease under which 
he was laboring left him, but in such a reduced 
state that his medical attendants, entertained nc 
hope of his recovery. From this time he was perfectly 
sensible that his last hour was at hand. On the next 
d;iy, which was Monday, he asked of those around 
him, the day of the month, and on being told it was 
the third of July, lie expressed the earnest wish tha'; 
he might be permitted to breathe the airof the fiftieth 
anniversary. His prayer was heard — that day, whose 
dawn was hailed with such rapture through our land, 
burst upon his eyes, and then they were closed for- 
ever. And what a noble consummation of a noble 
life! To die on that day, — the birthday of a nation,- - 
the day which his own name and his own act had 
rendered glorious; to die amidst the rejoicings and 
festivities of a whole nation, who looked up to him, 
as tile author, under God, of their greatest blessings, 
was all that was wanting to till up the record his life. 

Almost at the same hour of his death, the kin- 
dred spirit of the venerable Adams, as if to bear 
him company, left the scene of his earthly honors. 
Hand in hand they had stood forth, the champions of 
freedom ; hand in hand, during the dark and desper- 
ate struggle of the Revolution, they had cheered and 
animated their desponding countrymen; for half a 
century they had labored together for tne good of 
the country; and now hand in hand they depart. 
In their lives they had been united in the same great 
cause of liberty, and in their deaths they were not 

In person Mr. Jefferson was tall and thin, rather 
above six feet in height, but well formed; his eyes 
were light, his hair originally red, in after life became 
white and silvery: his complexion was fair, his fore- 
head broad, and his whole countenance intelligent and 
thoughtful. He possessed great fortitude of mind as 
well as personal courage; and ;.:s command of tem- 
per was such that his oldest and most intimate friends 
never recollected to have seen him in a passion. 
His manners, though dignified, were simple and un- 
affected, and his hospitality was so unbounded that 
all found at his house a ready welcome. In conver- 
sation he was fluent, eloquent and enthusiastic ; and 
his language was remarkably pure and correct. He 
was a finished classical scholar, and in his writings is 
discernable the care with which he formed his style 
upon the best models of antiquity. 



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(i® of the Constitution, ' and fourth 
^President of the United States, 
; / was l)orn March 16, 1757, and 
s died at his home in Virginia, 
June 2S, 1836. The name of 
James Madison is inseparably con- 
nected with most of the important 
events in that heroic period of our 
country during which the founda- 
tions of this great republic were 
laid. He was the last of the founders 
of the Constitution of the United 
States to be called to his eternal 

The Madison family were among 
the early emigrants to the New World, 
landing upon the shores of the Chesa- 
peake but 15 years after the settle- 
ment of Jamestown. The father of 
James Madison was an opulent 
planter, residing upon a very fine es- 
tate called "Montpelier," Orange Co., 
Va. The mansion was situated in 
the midst of scenery highly pictur- 
esque and romantic, on the west side 
of South-west Mountain, at the foot of 
Blue Ridge. It was but 25 miles from the home of 
Jefferson at Monticello. The closest personal and 
political attachment existed between these illustrious 
men, from their early youth until death. 

The early education of Mr. Madison was conducted 
mostly at home under a private tutor. At the age of 
18 he was sent to Princeton College, in New Jersey. 
Here he applied himself to study with the most im- 

prudent zeal; allowing hirm.elf, for months, but three 
hours' sleep out of the 24. His health thus became so 
seriously impaired that he never recovered any vigor 
of constitution. He graduated in 177 1. with a feeble 
body, with a character of utmost purity, and with a 
mind highly disciplined and richly stored with learning 
which embellished and gave proficiency to his subsf 
quent career. 

Returning to Virginia, he commenced the study of 
law and a course of extensive and systematic reading. 
This educational course, the spirit of the times in 
which he lived, and the society with which he asso- 
ciated, all combined to inspire him with a strong 
love of liberty, and to train him fur his life-work ot 
a statesman. Being naturally of a religious turn of 
mind, and his frail health leading him to think that 
his life was not to be long, he directed especial atten- 
tion to theological studies. Endowed with a mind 
singularly free from passion and prejudice, and with 
almost unequalled powers of reasoning, he weighed 
all the arguments for and against revealed religion, 
until his faith became so established as never to 
be shaken. 

In the spring of 1776, when 26 years of age, he 
was elected a member of the Virginia Convention, to 
frame the constitution of the State. The next year 
(1777), he was a candidate for the General Assembly. 
He refused to treat the whisky-lovir.g voters, and 
consequently lost his election ; but those who had 
witnessed the talent, energy and public spirit of the 
modest young man, enlisted themselves in his behalf, 
and he was appointed to the Executive Council. 

Both Patrick Henry and Thomas Jefferson were 
Governors of Virginia while Mr. Madison remained 
member of the Council ; and their appreciation of his 



mtellectual, social and moral worth, contributed not 
a little to his subsequent eminence. In the year 
1780, he was elected a member of the Continental 
Congress. Here he met the most illustrious men in 
our land, and he was immediately assigned to one of 
die most conspicuous positions among them. 

For three years Mr. Madison continued in Con- 
gress, one of its most active and influential members. 
In the year 1784, his term having expired, he was 
elected a member of the Virginia Legislature. 

No man felt more deeply than Mr. Madison the 
utter inefficiency of the old confederacy, with no na- 
tional government, with no power to form treaties 
which would be binding, or to enforce law. There 
was not any State more prominent than Virginia in 
the declaration, that an efficient national government 
must be formed. In January, 1786, Mr. Madison 
carried a resolution through the General Assembly of 
Virginia, inviting the other States to appoint commis- 
sioners to meet in convention at Annapolis to discuss 
this subject. Five States only were represented. The 
convention, however, issued another call, drawn up 
by Mr. Madison, urging all the States to send their 
delegates to Philadelphia, in May, 1787, to draft 
a Constitution for the United States, to take the place 
of that Confederate League. The delegates met at 
>he time appointed. Fvery State but Rhode Island 
-■as represented. George Washington was chosen 
president of the convention; and the present Consti- 
tution of the United States was then and there formed. 
There was, perhaps, no mind and no pen more ac- 
tive in framing this immortal document than the mind 
and the pen of James Madison. 

The Constitution, adopted by a vote 81 to 79, was 
to be presented to the several States for acceptance. 
But grave solicitude was felt. Should it be rejected 
we should be left but a conglomeration of independent 
States, with but little power at home and little respect 
abroad. Mr. Madkon was selected by the conven- 
tion to draw up an address to the people of the United 
States, expounding the principles of the Constitution, 
and urging its adoption. There was great opposition 
to it at first, but it at length triumphed over all, and 
went into effect in 17S9. 

Mr. Madison was elected to the House of Repre- 
sentatives in the first Congress, and soon became the 
avowed leader of the Republican party. While in 
New York attending Congress, he met Mrs. Todd, a 
young widow of remarkable power of fascination, 
whom he married. She was in person and character 
queenly, and probably no lady has thus far occupied 
so prominent a position in the very peculiar society 
which has constituted our republican court as Mrs. 

Mr. Madison served as Secretary of State under 
Jefferson, and at the close of his administration 
was chosen President. At this time the encroach- 
ments of England had brought us to the verge of war. 

British orders in council deployed our commerce, and 
our rl.ig was exposed to constant insult. Mr. Madison 
was a man of peace. Scholarly in his taste, retiring 
in his disposition, war had no charms for him. But the 
meekest spirit can be roused. It makes one's blood 
boil, even now, tu think of an American ship brought 
to, upon the ocean, by the guns of an English cruiser. 
A young lieutenant steps on board and orders the 
cr c w to be paraded before him. With great nonchal- 
ance he selects any number whom he may please to 
designate as British subjects; orders them down the 
ship's side into his boat; and places them on the gun- 
deck of his man-of-war, to fight, by compulsion, the 
battles of England. This right of search and im- 
pressment, no efforts of our Government could induce 
the British cabinet to relinquish. 

On the iSth of June, 1S12, President Madison gave 
his appioval to an act of Congress declaring war 
against Great Britain. Notwithstanding the bitter 
hostility of the Federal party to the war, the country 
in general approved; and Mr. Madison, on the 4th 
of March, 18 13, was re-elected by a large majority, 
and entered upon his second term of office. This is 
not the place to describe the various adventures of 
this war on the land and on the water. Our infan. 
navy then laid the foundations of its renown in grap- 
pling with the most formidable power which ever 
swept the seas. The contest commenced in earnest 
by the appearance of a British fleet, early in February, 
1813, in Chesapeake Bay, declaring nearly the whole 
coast of the United States under blockade. 

The Emperor ot Russia offered his services as me 
ditator. America accepted ; England refused. A Brit- 
ish force of five thousand men landed on the banks 
of the Patuxet River, near its entrance into Chesa- 
peake Bay, and marched rapidly, by way of Bladens- 
burg, upon Washington. 

The straggling little city of Washington was thrown 
into consternation. The cannon of the brief conflict 
at Bladensburg echoed through the streets of the 
metropolis. The whole population fled from the city. 
The President, leaving Mrs. Madison in the White 
House, with her carriage drawn up at the doer to 
await his speedy return, hurried to meet the officers 
in a council of war He met our troops utterly routed, 
and he could not go back without danger of being 
captured. But few hours elapsed ere the Presidential 
Mansion, the Capitol, and all the public buildings in 
Washington were in flames. 

The war closed after two years of fighting, and on 
Feb. 13, i8i5,the treaty of peace was signed at Ghent. 

On the 4th of March, 1817, his second term of 
office expired, and he resigned the Presidential chair 
to his friend, James Monroe. He retired to his beau- 
tiful home at Montpelier, and there passed the re- 
mainder of his days. On June 28, 1836, then at the 
age of 85 years, he fell asleep in death. Mrs. Madi- 
son died July 12, 1849, 








pirjEs npjjfOR 

AMl'.S MONROE, the fifth 
.President of The United States, 
was born in Westmoreland Co.. 
Va.,April 2S, 1758. His early 
life was passed at the place of 
nativity. His ancestors had for 

- ; - ~ c_.~ T - many years resided 111 the prov- 
ince in which he was born. When, 
at 17 years of age, in the process 
of completing his education at 
William and Mary College, the Co- 
lonial Congress assembled at Phila- 
delphia to deliberate upon the un- 
just and manifold oppressions of 
Great Britian, declared the separa- 
tion of the Colonies, and promul- 
gated the Declaration of Indepen- 
dence. Had he been born ten years before it is highly 
probable that he would have been one of the signers 
of that celebrated instrument. At this time he left 
school and enlisted among the patriots. 

He joined the army when everything looked hope- 
less and gloomy. The number of deserters increased 
from day to day. The invading armies came pouring 
in ; and the tories not only favored the cause of the 
mother country, but disheartened the new recruits, 
who were sufficiently terrified at the prospect of con- 
tending with an enemy whom they had been taught 
to deem invincible. To such brave spirits as James 
Monroe, who went right onward, undismayed through 
difficulty and danger, the United States owe their 
political emancipation. The young cadet joined the 
ranks, and espoused the cause of his injured country, 
with a firm determination to live or die with her strife 

for liberty. Firmly yet sadly he shared in the mel- 
ancholy retreat from Harleam Heights and Whit 
Plains, and accompanied the dispirited army as it fle 
before its foes through New Jersey. In four month 
after the Declaration of Independence, the patrio; 
had been beaten in seven battles. At the battle o! 
Trenton he led the vanguard, and, in the act of charg 
ing upon the enemy he received a wound in the left 

As a reward for his braver}', Mr. Monroe was pro- 
moted a captain of infantry; and, having recovered 
from his wound, he rejoined the army. He, however, 
receded from the line of promotion, by becoming an 
officer in the staff of Lord Sterling. During the cam- 
paigns of 1777 and 1778, in the actions of Brandy 
wine, Germanlown and Monmouth, he continued 
aid-de-camp; but becoming desirous to regain hi, 
position in the army, he exerted himself to collect a 
regiment for the Virginia line. This scheme failed 
owing to the exhausted condition of the State. Upon 
this failure he entered the office of Mr. Jefferson, at 
that period Governor, and pursued, with considerable 
ardor, the study o( common law. He did not, however, 
entirely lay aside the knapsack for the green bag; 
but on the invasions of the enemy, served as avolun 
teer, during the two years of his legal pursuits. 

In 1782, he was elected from King George county, 
a member of the Legislature of Virginia, and by that 
body he was elevated to a seat in the Executive 
Council. He was thus honored with the confidence 
of his fellow citizens at 23 years of age ; and having 
at this early period displayed some of that ability 
and aptitude for legislation, which were afterwaids 
employed with unremitting energy for the public good, 



lie was in the succeeding year chosen a member of 
ihe Congress of the United States. 

Deeplyas Mr. Monroe felt the imperfections of the old 
Confederacy, he was opposed to the new Constitution, 
Thinking, with many others of 'he Republican parly, 
'.hat it gave too much power to the Central Government, 
and not enough to the individual States. Still he re- 
tained the esteem of his friends who were its warm 
supporters, and who, notwithstanding his opposition 
secured its adoption. In 1789, he became a member 
uf the United States Senate ; which office he held for 
four years. Every month the line of distinction be- 
tween the two great parties which divided the nation, 
the Federal and the Republican, was growing more 
distinct. The two prominent ideas which now sep- 
arated them were, that the Republican party was in 
sympathy with France, and also in favor of such a 
strict construction of the Constitution as to give the 
Central Government as little power, and the State 
Governments as much power, as the Constitution would 
warrant. The Federalists sympathized with England, 
and were in favor of a liberal construction of the Con- 
stitution, which would give as much power to the 
Central Government as that document could possibly 

The leading Federalists and Republicans were 
alike noble men, consecrating all their energies to the 
good of the nation. Two more honest men or more 
pure patriots than John Adams the Federalist, and 
James Monroe the Republican, never breathed. In 
building up this majestic nation, which is destined 
to eclipse all Grecian and Assyrian greatness, the com- 
bination of their antagonism was needed to create the 
light equilibrium. And yet each in his day was de- 
nounced as almost a demon. 

Washington was then President. England had es- 
poused the cause of the Bourbons against the princi- 
ples of the French Revolution. All Europe was drawn 
into the conflict. We were feeble and far away. 
Washington issued a proclamation of neutrality be- 
tween these contending powers. France had helped 
us in the struggle for our liberties. All the despotisms 
of Europe were now combined to prevent the French 
from escaping from a tyranny a thousand-fold worse 
than that which we had endured Col. Monroe, more 
magnanimous than prudent, was anxious that, at 
whatever hazard, we should help our old allies in 
their extremity. It was the impulse of a generous 
and noble nature. He violently opposed the Pres- 
ident's proclamation as ungrateful and wanting in 

Washington, who could appreciate such a character, 
developed his calm, serene, almost divine greatness, 
by appointing that very James Monroe, who was de- 
nouncing the policy of the Government, as the minister 
of that Government to the Republic of France. Mr. 
Monroe was welcomed by the National Convention 
in France with the most enthusiastic demonstrations. 

Shortly after his return to this countrv, Mr. Mol- 
roe was elected Governor of Virginia, and held the 
office for three yeais. He was again sent to Prance to 
co-operate with Chancellor Livingston in obtaining 
the vast territory then known as the Province of 
Louisiana, which France had but shortly before ob- 
tained from Spain. Ttieir united efforts were sue 
cessful. For the comparatively small sum of fifteen 
millions of dollars, the entire territory of Orleans and 
district of Louisiana were added to the United States. 
This was probably the largest transfer of real estate 
which was ever made in all the history of the world 

From France Mr. Monroe went to England to ob- 
tain from that country some recognition of 0111 
rights as neutrals, and to remonstrate against those 
odious impressments of our seamen. But Eng- 
land was unrelenting. He again returned to Eng- 
land on the same mission, but could receive no 
redress. He returned to his home and was again 
chosen Governor of Virginia. This he soon resigned 
to accept the position of Secretary of State nude 
Madison. While in this office war with England was 
declared, the Secretary of War resigned, and during 
these trying times, the duties of the War Departmen 
were also put upon him. He was truly the armor- 
bearer of President Madison, and the most efficient 
business man in his cabinet. Upon the return of 
peace he resigned the Department of War, but con- 
tinued in the office of Secretary of State until the ex- 
piration of Mr. Madison's adminstration. At the elei 
tion held the previous autumn Mr Monroe himself had 
been chosen President with but little opposition, and 
upon March 4, 1817, was inaugurated. Four year. 
later he was elected for a second term. 

Among the important measures of his President- 7 
were the cession of Florida to the United States; the 
Missouri Compromise, and the " Monroe doctrine.' 

This famous doctrine, since known as the " Monroe 
doctrine," was enunciated by him in 1823. At tha;^ 
time the United States had recognized the independ- 
ence of the South American states, and did not wish 
to have European powers longer attempting to sub 
due portions of the American Continent. The doctrine 
is as follows: "That we should consider any attempt 
on the part of European powers to extend their sys- 
tem to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous 
to our peace and safety," and "that we could no': 
view any interposition for the purpose of oppressing 
or controlling American governments or provinces in 
any other light than as a manifestation by European 
powers of an unfriendly disposition toward the United 
States." This doctrine immedia'elv ."fleeted the course 
of foreign governments, and has become the approved 
sentiment of the L T nited States. 

At the end of his fecond term Mr Monroe retired 
to his home in Virginia, where he lived until T830, 
when he went to New Vork to live with his son-in- 
law, In that city he died, on the 4th of July, 1831 

J , 5 , «-*•* ^ ^-^ 



1 301)1) QUIl^Y ^D^EQS. |f ^ 

sixth President of the United 
§8States, was born in the rural 
home of his honored father. 
John Adams, in Quincy, M ass , 
|S|i, on the 1 1 tli cf July, 1767. Hi-, 
mother, a woman of exalted 
worth, watched over his childhood 
during the almost constant ab- 
sence of his father. When but 
eight years of age, he stood with 
his mother on an eminence, listen- 
ing to the booming of the great bat- 
tle on Bunker's Hill, and gazing on 
upon the smoke and flames billow- 
ing up from the conflagration of 

When but eleven years old he 
took a tearful adieu of his mother, 
to sail with his fattier for Europe, 
through a fleet ot hostile British cruisers. The bright, 
animated boy spent a year and a half in Paris, where 
his father was associated with Franklin and Lee as 
minister plenipotentiary. His intelligence attracted 
the notice of these distinguished men, and he received 
from them flattering marks of attention. 

Mr. John Adams had scarcely returned to this 
cou/.try, in 1779, ere he was again sent abroad. Again 
Toh'fl Quincy accompanied his father. At Paris he 
applied himself with great diligence, for six months, 
to jtudy; then accompained his father to Holland, 
where he entered, first a school in Amsterdam, then 
the University at Leyden. About a year from this 
time, in 1 7 8 1, when the manly boy was but fourteen 
yea-s of age, he was selected by Mr. Dana, our min- 
ister to the Russian court, as his private secretary. 

In this school of incessant labor and of enobling 
culture he spent fourteen months, and then returned 
to Holland through Sweden, Denmark, Hamburg and 
Bremen. This long journey he took alone, in the 
winter, when in his sixteenth year. Again he resumed 
nis studies, under a private tutor, at Hague. Thence, 

in the spring of 1782, he accompanied his father I 
Paris, traveling leisurely, and forming acquaintance 
with the most distinguished men on the Continent 
examining architectural remains, galleries of paintings 
and all renowned works of art. At Paris he agaii. 
became associated with the most illustrious men oi 
all lands in the contemplations of the loftiest temporal 
themes which can engross the human mind. After 
a short visit to England he returned to Paris, ano. 
consecrated all his energies to study until May, 1785, 
when he returned to America. To a brilliant young 
man of eighteen, who had seen much of the world, 
and who was familiar with the etiquette of courts, a 
residence with his father in London, under such cir- 
cumstances, must have been extremely attractive 
but with judgment very rare in one of his age, he pre- 
ferred to return to America to complete his education 
in an American college. He wished then to study 
law, that with an honorable profession, he might be 
able to obtain an independent support. 

Upon leaving Harvard College, at the age of twenty 
he studied law for three years. In June, 1794, be- 
ing then but twenty-seven years of age, he was ap- 
pointed by Washington, resident minister at the 
Netherlands. Sailing from Boston in July, he reacheo 
London in October, where he was immediately admit- 
ted to the deliberations of Messrs. Jay and Pinckney 
assisting them in negotiating a commercial treaty with 
Gieat Brilian. After thus spending a fortnight i. 
London, he proceeded to the Hague. 

In July, 1797, he left the Hague to go toPortuga' as 
minister plenipotentiary. On his way to Portugal 
upon arriving in London, he met with despatches 
directing him to the court of Beiiin, but requeslirg 
him to remain in London until he should receive his 
instructions. While waiting he was married to ar. 
American lady to whom he had been previously en- 
gaged, — Miss Louisa Catherine Johnson, daughte' 
of Mr. Joshua Johnson, American consul in Iondon: 
a lady endownd with that beauty and those accom- 
plishment which eminently fitted her to move in tut 
elevated sphere for which she w*s '.'**' ined 



He reached Berlin with his wife in November, 1797 ; 
where he remained until July, 1799, when, having ful- 
filled all the purposes of his mission, he solicited his 

Soon after his return, in 1802, he was chosen to 
the Senate of Massachusetts, from Boston, and then 
was elected Senator of the United States for six years, 
from the 4th of March, rSoa. His reputation, his 
ability and his experience, placed him immediately 
among the most prominent and influential mem I ers 
of that body. Especially did he sustain the Govern- 
ment in its measures of resistance to the encroach- 
ments of England, destroying our commerce and in- 
sulting our flag. There was no man in America more 
familiar with the arrogance of the British court upon 
these points, and no one more resolved to present 
a firm resistance. 

In 1809, Madison succeeded Jefferson in the Pres- 
idential chair, and he immediately nominated John 
Quincy Adams minister to St. Petersburg. Resign- 
ing his professorship in Harvard College, he embarked 
at Boston, in August, 1809. 

While in Russia, Mr. Adams was an intense stu- 
dent. He devoted his attention to the language and 
history of Russia; to the Chinese trade; to the 
European system of weights, measures, and coins ; to 
the climate and astronomical observations ; while he 
Kept up a familiar acquaintance with the Greek and 
Latin classics. In all the universities of Europe, a 
more accomplished scholar could scarcely be found. 
All through life the Bible constituted an importai t 
part of his studies. It was his rule to read five 
chapters every day. 

On the 4th of March, 1817. Mr. Monroe took the 
Presidential chair, and immediately appointed Mr. 
Adams Secretary of State. Taking leave of his num- 
erous friends in public and private life in Europe, he 
sailed in June, 1819, for the United States. On the 
18th of August, he again crossed the threshold of his 
home in Quincy. During the eight years of Mr. Mon- 
roe's administration, Mr Adams continued Secretary 
of State. 

Some time before :he close of Mr. Monroe's second 
term of office, new candidates began to be presented 
foi the Presidency. The friends of Mr. Adams brought 
forward his name. It ivas an exciting campaign. 
Party spirit was never more bitter. Two hundred and 
sixty electoral votes were cast. Andrew Jackson re- 
ceived ninety-nine; John Quincy Adams, eighty-four; 
William H. Crawford, forty -one; Henry Clay, thirty- 
seven. As there was no choice by the people, the 
question went to the House of Representatives. Mr. 
Clay gave the vote of Kentucky to Mr. Adams, and 
he was elected. 

The friends of all the disappointed candidates now 
:ombined in a venomous and persistent assault upon 
Mr. Adams. There is nothing more disgraceful in 
*'*». oast bistorv of our countrv than the abuse which 

was poured in one uninterrupted stream, upon this 
high-minded, upright, patriotic man. There never was 
an administration more pure in principles, more con- 
scientiously devoted to the best interests of the coun- 
try, than that of John Quincy Adams; and never, per- 
haps, was there an administration more unscrupu- 
lously and outrageously assailed. 

Mr Adams was, to a very remarkable degree, ab- 
stemious and temperate in his habits; always rising 
early and taking much exercise. When at his home in 
Quincy, he has been known to walk, before breakfast, 
seven miles to Boston. In Washington, it was said 
that he was the first man up in the city, lighting his 
own fire and applying himself to work in his library 
often long before dawn. 

On the 4th of March, 1829, Mr. Adams retired 
from the Presidency, and was succeeded by Andrew 
Jackson. John C. Calhoun was elected Vice Presi- 
dent. The slavery question now began to assume 
portentous magnitude. Mr. Adams returned to 
Quincy and to his studies, which he pursued with un- 
abated zeal. But he was not long permitted to re- 
main in retirement. In November, 1830, he was 
elected representative to Congress. For seventeen 
years, until his death, he occupied the post as repre- 
sentative, towering above all his peers, ever readv to 
do brave battle' for freedom, and winning the title of 
" the old man eloquent." Upon taking his seat in 
the House, he announced that he should hold him- 
self bound to no party. Probably there never was a 
member more devoted to his duties. He was usually 
the first iu his place in the morning, and the last to 
leave his seat in the evening. Not a measure could 
be brought forward and escape his scrutiny. 'I he 
battle which Mr. Adams fought, almost singly, agains* 
the prosluverv piny in the Government, was sublime 
in its moral dating and heroism. For persisting in 
presenting petitions for the abolition of slavery, he 
was threatened with indictment by the grand jury 
with expulsion from the House, with assassination 
but no threats could intimidate him, and his final 
triumph was complete. 

It has been said of President Adams, that when his 
body was bent and his hair silvered by the lapse of 
fourscore years, yielding to the simple faith of a little 
child, he was accustomed to repeat even- night, before 
he slept, the prajer which his mother taught him in 
his infant years. 

On the 2 1st of February, 1848, he rose on the floor 
of Congress, with a paper in his hand, to address the 
speaker. Suddenly he fell, again stricken by paraly- 
sis, and was caught in the amis of those around him. 
For a time he was senseless, as he was conveyed to 
the sofa in the rotunda. With reviving conscious- 
ness, he opened his eyes, looked calmly around and 
said " This is the end of earth /'then after a moment's 
pause he added, "lam content." These were the 
last words of the grand "(lid Man Eloquent." 

Si: l 'EKTli J'RESlL ENT. 


-vi£Cfi/Si@-* < G_cfiJS£ 

S3&B4=9~§&® aT7r!r *~ 'dpQ* 

A#JE)*(W JACpKff X- 

.. —^^-^rt^^ 

I seventh President of the 
IP United States, was born in 
Y Waxhaw settlement, N. C, 
March 15, 1767, a few days 
after his father's death. His 
parents were poor emigrants 
from Ireland, and took up 
their abode in Waxhaw set- 
tlement, where they lived in 
deepest poverty. 
Andrew, or Andy,' as he was 
universally called, grew up a very 
rough, rude, turbulent boy. His 
features were coarse, his form un- 
gainly; and there was but very 
little in his character, made visible, which was at- 
t.a. live. 

When only thirteen years old he joined the volun- 
teers of Carolina against the British invasion. In 
17S1, he and his brother Robert were captured and 
imprisoned for a time at Camden. A British officer 
ordered him to brush his mud-spattered boots. " I am 
a prisoner of war, not your servant," was the reply of 
the dauntless boy. 

The brute drew his sword, and aimed a desperate 
Dlow at the head of the helpless young prisoner. 
Andrew raised his hand, and thus received two fear- 
ful gashes, — one on the hand and the other upon the 
head. The officer then turned to his brother Robert 
with the same demand. He also refused, and re- 
ceived a blow from the keen-edged sabre, which quite 
disabled him, and which probably soon after caused 
his death. They suffered much other ill-treatment, and 
were finally stricken with the small-pox. Their 
mother was successful it* obtaining their exchange, 

and took her sick boys home. After a long illnosv 
Andrew recovered, and the death of his mother wm 
left him entirely friendless. 

Andrew sapported himself in various ways,sj:'na9 
working at the saddler's trade, teaching school and 
clerking in a general store, until r7 84, when he 
entered a law office at Salisbury, N. C. He, however, 
gave more attention to the wild amusements of the 
times than to his studies. In 1788, he was appointed 
solicitor for the western district of North Carolina, of 
which Tennessee was then a part. This involved 
many long and tedious journeys amid dangers of 
every kind, but Andrew Jackson never knew fear, 
and the Indians had no desire to repeat a skirmish 
with the Sharp Knife. 

In 1791, Mr. Jackson was married to a woman who 
supposed herself divorced from her former husband. 
Great was the surprise of both parties, two years later, 
to find that the conditions of the divorce had just been 
definitely settled by the first husband. The marriage 
ceremony was performed a second time, but the occur- 
rence was often used by his enemies to bring Mr. 
Jackson into disfavor. 

During these years he worked hard at his profes 
sion, and frequently had one or more duels on hand, 
one of which, when he killed Dickenson, was espec- 
ially disgraceful. 

In January, 1796, the Territory of Tennessee then 
containing nearly eighty thousand inhabitants, the 
people met in convention at Knoxville to frame a con- 
stitution. Five were sent from each of the eleven 
counties. Andrew Jackson was one of the deiega'es. 
The new State was entitled to but one meml er in 
the National House of Representatives. Andrew Jack- 
son was chosen that member. Mounting his horse he 
rode to Philedelphia, where Congress then held its 


sessions, — a distance of about eight hundred miles. 

Jackson was an earnest advocate of the Demo- 
cratic party. Jefferson was his idol. He admired 
Bonaparte, loved France and hated England. As Mr. 
, kson took his seat, Gen. Washington, whose 
..Lund term of office was then expiring, delivered his 
last speech to Congress. A committee drew up a 
complimentary address in reply. Andrew Jackson 
did not approve of the address, and was one of the 
twelve who voted against it. He was not willing to 
say that Gen. Washington's adminstration had been 
" wise, firm and patriotic." 

Mr. Jackson was elected to the United States 
Senate in 1797, but soon resigned and returned home. 
Soon after he was chosen Judge of the Supreme Court 
of his State, which position he held for six years. 

When the war of rSi2 with Great Britian com- 
menced, Madison occupied the Presidential chair. 
Aaron Burr sent word to the President that there was 
an unknown man in the West, Andrew Jackson, who 
would do credit to a commission if one were con- 
ferred upon him. Just at that time Gen. Jackson 
jffeied his services and those of twenty-five hundred 
volunteers. His offer was accepted, and the troops 
were assembled at Nashville. 

As the British were hourly expected to make an at- 
tack upon New Orleans, where Gen Wilkinson was 
in command, he was ordered to descend the river 
with fifteen hundred troops to aid Wilkinson. The 
expedition reached Natchez; and after a delay of sev 
eral weeks there, without accomplishing anything, 
:he men were ordered back to their homes. But the 
energy Gen. Jackson had displayed, and his entire 
devotion to the comrfort of his soldiers, won him 
golden opinions; and he became the most popular 
man in the State. It was in this expedition that his 
toughness gave him the nickname of " ( (Id Hickory. ' 

Soon afler this, while attempting to horsewhip Col. 
Thomas H. Benton, for a remark that gentleman 
made about his taking a part as second in a duel, in 
which a younger brother of Benton's was engaged, 
he received two severe pistol wounds. While he was 
"lingering upon a bed of suffering news came that the 
I idians, who had combined under Tecumseh from 
Florida to the Lakes, to exterminate the white set- 
lers, were committing the most awful ravages. De- 
cisive action became necessary. Gen. Jackson, with 
his fractured bone just beginning to heal, his arm in 
a sling, and unable to mount his horse without as-i->- 
i.ince, gave his amazing energies to the raising of an 
army to rendezvous at Fayettesville, Alabama. 

The Creek Indians had established a strong fort on 
one of the bends of the Tallauoosa River, near the cen- 
ter of Alabama, about fifty miles below Fort Strother. 
Wi;h an army of two thousand men, Gen. Jackson 
' nversed the pathless wilderness in a march of eleven 
I vs. He reached their fort, called Tohopeka or 
Horse-shoe, on the 27th of March. iSu. The bend 

ot the river enclosed nearly one hundred acres ol 
tangled forest and wild ravine. Across the narrow 
neck the Indians had constructed a formidable breast- 
work of logs and brush. Here nine hundred warriors, 
with an ample suplyof arms were assembled. 

The fort was stormed. The fight was utterly des- 
perate. Not an Indian would accept of quarter. When 
bleeding and dying, they would fight those who en- 
deavored to spare their lives. From ten in the morn- 
ing until dark, the battle raged. The carnage was 
awful and revolting. Some threw themselves into the 
river; but the unerring bullet struck their heads as 
they swam. Nearly everyone of the nine hundred war- 
rior were killed A few probably, in the night, swam 
the river and escaped. This ended the war. The 
power of the Creeks was broken forever. This bold 
plunge into the wilderness, with its terriffic slaughter. 
so appalled the savages, that the haggard remnants 
of the bands came to the camp, begging for peace. 

This closing of the Creek war enabled us to con- 
centrate all our militia upon the British, who were the 
allies of the Indians No man of less resolute will 
than Gen. Jackson could have conducted this Indian 
campaign to so successful an issue Immediately he 
was appointed major-general. 

Late in August, with an army of two thousand 
men, on a rushing march, Gen. Jackson came to 
Mobile. A British fleet came from Pensacola, landed 
a force upon the beach, anchored near the little fort, 
and from both ship and shore commenced a furious 
assault The battle was long and doubtful. At length 
one of the ships was blown up and the rest retired. 

Garrisoning Mobile, where he had taken his little 
army, he moved his troops to New Orleans, 
And the battle of New Orleans which soon ensued, 
was in reality a very arduous campaign. This won 
for Gen. Jackson an imperishable name. Here his 
troops, which numbered about four thousand men, 
won a signal victory over the British army of about 
nine thousand. His loss was but thirteen, while the 
loss of the British was two thousand six hundred. 

The name of Gen. Jackson soon began to be men- 
tioned in connection with the Presidency, but, in 1824, 
he was defeated by Mr. Adams. He was, however, 
successful in the election of 1828, and was re-elected 
for a second term in 1832. In 1S29, just before he 
assumed the reins of the government, he met with 
the most terrible affliction of his life in the death cf 
his wife, whom he had loved with a devotion which has 
perhaps never been surpassed. From the shock of 
her death he never recovered. 

His administration was one of the most memorable 
in the annals of our country; applauded by one party, 
condemned I >v the other. No man had more bitter 
enemies or warmer friends. At the expiration of his 
two terms of office he retired to the Hermitage, where 
he died June 8, 1S45. The last years of Mr. Jack- 
son's life were that of a devoted Christian man. 



O 7 yuct <yz^yJu*^<^ 




A K 7 \>V ■ 

eighth President of the 
United States, was born at 
Kinderhook, N. Y., Dec. 5, 
1782. He died at the same 
place, July 2 4i 1862. His 
body rests in the cemetery 
at Kinderhook. Above it is 
a plain granite shaft fifteen feet 
high, bearing a simple inscription 
about hall way up on one face. 
w The lot is unfenced, unbordeied 
or unbounded by shrub or flower. 

There is but little in the life of Martin Van Buren 
of romantic interest. He fought no battles, engaged 
i,i no wild adventures. Though his life was stormy in 
political and intellectual conflicts, and he gained many 
signal victories, his days passed uneventful in those 
incidents which give zest to biography. His an- 
cestors, as his name indicates, were of Dutch origin, 
and were among the earliest emigrants from Holland 
to the banks of the Hudson. His father was a farmer, 
residing in the old town of Kinderhook. His mother, 
also of Dutch lineage, was a woman of superior intel- 
ligence and exemplary piety. 

Te was decidedly a precocious boy, developing un- 
usual activity, vigor and strength of mind. At the 
age of fourteen, he had finished his academic studies 
in his native village, and commenced the study of 
law. As he had not a collegiate education, seven 
years of study in a law-office were required of him 
before he could be admitted to the bar. Inspired with 
j. lofty ambition, and conscious of his powers, he pur- 
sued his studies with indefatigable industry. After 
spending six years in an office in his native village, 

he went to the city of New York, and prosecuted hi* 
studies for the seventh year. 

In 1803, Mr. Van Buren, then twenty-one years ot 
age, commenced the practice of law in his native vil- 
lage. The great conflict between the Federal and 
Republican party was then at its height. Mr. Van 
Buren was from the beginning a politician. He had, 
perhaps, imbibed that spirit while listening to the 
many discussions which had been carried on in his 
father's hotel. He was in cordial sympathy with 
Jefferson, and earnestly and eloquently espoused I lie 
cause of State Rights ; though at that time the Fed- 
eral party held the supremacy both in his town 
and State. 

His success and increasing ruputation led him 
after six years of practice, to remove to Hudson, th. 
county seat of his county. Here he spent seven years 
constantly gaining strength by contending in tin- 
courts with some of the ablest men who have adorned 
the bar of his State. 

Just before leaving Kinderhook for Hudson, Mi. 
Van Buren married a lady alike distinguished for 
beauty and accomplishments. After twelve short 
years she sank into the grave, the victim of consump- 
tion, leaving her husband and four sons to weep ovei 
her loss. For twenty-five years, Mr. Van Buren was 
an earnest, successful, assiduous lawyer. The record 
of those years is barren in items of public interest. 
In t8 1 2, when thirty years of age, he was chosen to 
the State Senate, and gave his strenuous support to 
Mr. Madison's adminstration. In 1815, he was ap- 
pointed Attorney-General, and the next year moved 
to Albany, the capital of the State. 

While he was acknowledged as one of the most 
p. ominent leaders of the Democratic party, he had 

4 S 


the moral courage to avow that true democracy did 
not require that " universal suffrage " which admits 
the vile, the degraded, the ignorant, to the right of 
governing the State. In true consistency with his 
democratic principles, he contended that, while the 
i;ath leading to the privilege of voting should be open 
to every man without distinction, no one should be 
invested with that sacred prerogative, unless he were 
in some degree qualified for it by intelligence, virtue 
and some property interests in the welfare of the 

In 182 i he was elected a member of the United 
States Senate; and in the same year, he took a seat 
in the convention to revise the constitution of his 
.lative State. His course in this convention secured 
the approval of men of all parties. No one could 
doubt the singleness of his endeavors to promote the 
interests of all classes in the community. In the 
Senate of the United States, he rose at once to a 
conspicuous position as an active and useful legislator. 

In 1827, John Quincy Adams being then in the 
Presidential chair, Mr. Van Buren was re-elected to 
.tie Senate. He had been from the beginning a de- 
.ermined opposer of the Administration, adopting the 
'State Rights" view in opposition to what was 
deemed the Federal proclivities of Mr. Adams. 

Soon after this, in 1828, he was chosen Governorof 
the State of New York, and accordingly resigned his 
seat in the Senate. Probably no one in the United 
States contributed so much towards ejecting John O. 
Adams from the Presidential chair, and placing in it 
Andrew Jackson, as did Martin Van Buren. Whether 
entitled to the reputation or not, he certainly was re- 
garded throughout the United States as one of the 
most skillful, sagacious and cunning of politicians 
It was supposed that no one knew so well as he how 
x> touch the secret springs of action; how to pull all 
:he wires to put his machinery in motion; and how to 
organize a political army which would, secretly and 
Tte-Uhily accomplish the most gigantic results. By 
these powers it is said that he outwitted Mr. Adams, 
Mr. Clay, Mr. Webster, and secured results which 
feu thought then^could be accomplished. 

kViien Andrew Jackson was elected President he 
appointed Mr. Van Buren Secretary of State. This 
position he resigned in 1831, and was immediately 
appointed Minister to England, where he went the 
same autumn. The Senate, however, when it met, 
refused to ratify the nomination, and he leturned 

home, apparently untroubled ; was nominated Vice 
President in the place of Calhoun, at the re-election 
of President Jackson ; and with smiles for all and 
fiowns for none, he took his place at the head of that 
Senate which hjd refused to confirm his nomination 
as ambassador. 

His rejection by the Senate roused all the zeal of 
President Jackson in behalf of his repudiated favor- 
ite; and this, probably mure than any other cause, 
secured his elevation to the chair of the Chief Execu 
five. On the 20th of May, 1836, Mr. Van Buren re- 
ceived the Democratic nomination to succeed Gen. 
Jackson as President of the United States. He was 
elected by a handsome majority, to the delight of the 
retiring President. " Leaving New York out of the 
canvass," says Mr. Parton, "the election of Mr. Van 
Buren to the Presidency was as much the act of Gen. 
Jackson as though the Constitution had conferred 
upon him the power to appoint a successor." 

His administration was filled with exciting events. 
The insurrection in Canada, which threatened to in 
volve this country in war with England, the agitation 
of the slavery question, and finally the great commer- 
cial panic which spread over the country, all were 
trials to his wisdom. The financial distress was at- 
tributed to the management of the Democratic party, 
and brought the President into such disfavor that he 
failed of re election. 

Wiih the exception of being nominated for the 
Presidency by the "Free Soil" Democrats, in 1848, 
Mr. Van Buren lived quietly upon his estate until 
his death. 

He had ever been a prudent man, of frugal habits, 
and living within his income, had now fortunately a 
competence for his declining years. His unblemished 
character, his commanding abilities, his unquestioned 
patriotism, and the distinguished positions which he 
had occupied in the government of our country, se- 
cured to him not only the homage of his party, but 
the respect ot the whole community. It was on the 
4th of March, 1841, that Mr. Van Buren retired from 
the presidency. From his fine estate at Lindenwald, 
he still exerted a powerful influence upon the politics 
of the country. From this time until his death, on 
the 24th of July, 1862, at the age of eighty years, he 
resided at Lindenwald, a gentleman of leisure, of 
culture and of wealth; enjoying in a healthy old 
age, probably far more happiness than he had before 
experienced amid the stormy scenes of his active life 

yCt?. /&)9&sla^c-i 



SflfL SON, the ninth President of 
.ffl® the L nited States, was born 
■NgMI at Berke!e>. Va., Feb. 9, 1773. 
His father, Benjamin Harri- 
son, was in comparatively op- 
ulent circumstances, and was 
one of the most distinguished 
men of his day. He was an 
intimate friend of George 
Washington, w as early elected 
a member of the Continental 
Congress, and was conspicuous 
among the patriots of Virginia in 
resisting the encroachments of the 
British crown. In the celebrated 
Congress of 1775, Benjamin Har- 
rison and John Hancock were 
both candidates for the office of 

Mr Harrison was subsequently 
chosen Governor of Virginia, and 
S^ «as twice re-elected. His son, 
William Henry, of course enjoyed 
in childhood all the advantages which wealth and 
intellectual and cultivated society could give. Hav- 
ing received a thorough common-school education, he 
entered Hampden Sidney College, where he graduated 
with honor soor. r.fter the death of his father. He 
then repaired to Philadelphia to study medicine under 
the instructions of Dr. Rush and the guardianship of 
Robert Morris, both of whom were, with his father, 
ligners of the Declaration of Independence. 

Upon the outbreak of the Indian troubles, and not- 
withstanding the *emons!vances of his friends, he 
abandoned his medical studies and entered the army, 
.laving obtained 1 commission of Ensign from Presi- 

dent Washington. He was then but 19 years old. 
From that time he passed gradually upward in rank 
until he became aid to General Wayne, after whose 
death he resigned his commission. He was then ap- 
pointed Secretary of the North-western Territory This 
Territory «vas then entitled to but one member in 
Congress and Capt. Harrison was chosen to fill that 

In the spring of 1800 the North-western Territory 
was divided by Congress into two portions. The 
eastern portion, comprising the region now embraced 
in the State of Ohio, was called " The Territory 
north-west of the Ohio." The western portion, which 
included what is now called Indiana, Illinois and 
Wisconsin, was called the "Indiana Territory." Wil 
liam Henry Harrison, then 27 years of age, was ap 
pointed by John Adams, Governor of the Indiana 
Territory, and immediately after, also Governor of 
Upper Louisiana. He was thus ruler over almost as 
extensive a realm as any sovereign upon the globe. He 
was Superintendent of Indian Affairs, and was in- 
vested with powers nearly dictatorial over the now 
rapidly increasing white population. The ability and 
fidelity with which he discharged these responsible 
duties may be inferred from the fact that he was four 
times appointed to this office — first by John Adams, 
twice by Thomas Jefferson and afterwards by Presi- 
dent Madison. 

When he began his adminstration there were but 
three white settlements in that almost boundless region, 
now crowded with cities and resounding with all the 
tumult of wealth and traffic. One of these settlements 
was on the Ohio, nearly opposite Louisville; one at 
Vincennes, on the Wabash, and the third a French 

The vast wilderness over which Gov. Flam- 1. 
reicned was filled with many tribes of Indian? Ab,. ■ 




the year 1806, two extraordinary men, twin brothers, 
of the Shawnese tribe, rose among them. Or.e of 
these was called Tecumseh, or " The Crouching 
Panther;" the other. Olliwacheca, or "The Prophet." 
Tecumseh was not only an Indian warrior, but a man 
of great sagacity, far-reaching foresight and indomit- 
able perseverance in any enterprise in which he might 
engage. He was inspired with the highest enthusiasm, 
and had long regarded with dread and with hatred 
the encroachment of the whites upon the hunting- 
grounds of his fathers. His brother, the Prophet, was 
an orator, who could sway the feelings of the untutored 
Indian as the gale tossed the tree -tops beneath which 
they dwelt. 

But the Prophet was not merely an orator: he was, 
i.i the superstitious minds of the Indians, invested 
with the superhuman dignity of a medicine-man or a 
magician. With an enthusiasm unsurpassed by Peter 
the Hermit rousing Europe to the crusades, he went 
from tribe to tribe, assuming that he was specially sent 
by the Great Spirit. 

Gov. Harrison made many attempts to conciliate 
the Indians, but at last the war came, and at Tippe- 
canoe the Indians were routed with great slaughter. 
October 28, 181 2, his army began its march. When 
near the Prophet's town three Indians of rank made 
their appearance and inquired why Gov. Harrison was 
approaching them in so hostile an attitude. After a 
short conference, arrangements were made for a meet- 
ing the next day, to agree upon terms of peace. 

But Gov. Harrison was too well acquainted with 
the Indian character to be deceived by such protes- 
tations. Selecting a favorable spot for his night's en- 
campment, he took every precaution against surprise. 
His troops were posted in a hollow square, and slept 
upon their arms. 

The troops threw themselves upon the ground for 
rest; but every man had his accourtrements on, his 
loaded musket by his side, and his bayonet fixed. The 
wakeful Governor, between three and four o'clock in 
the morning, had risen, and was sitting in conversa- 
tion with his aids by the embers of a waning fire. It 
was a chill, cloudy morning with a drizzling rain. In 
the darkness, the Indians had crept as near as possi- 
ble, and just then, with a savage yell, rushed, with all 
the desperation which superstition and passion most 
highly inflamed could give, upon the left flank of the 
little army. The savages had been amply provided 
with guns and ammunition by the English. Their 
war-whoop was accompained by a shower of bullets. 

The camp-fires were instantly extinguished, as the 
light aided the Indians in their aim. With hide- 
ous yells, the Indian bands rushed on, not doubting a 
speedy and an entire victory. But Gen. Harrison's 
troops stood as immovable as the rocks around them 
until day dawned : they then made a simultaneous 
charge with the bayonet, and swept every thing be- 
fore them, and completely routing th«" foe. 

Gov. Harrison now had all his energies tasked 
to the utmost. The British descending from the Can - 
adas, were of themselves a very formidable force ; but 
with their savage allies, rushing like wolves from the 
forest, searching out every remote farm-house, burn- 
ing, plundering, scalping, torturing, the wide frontier 
was plunged into a state of consternation which even 
the most vivid imagination can but faintly conceive. 
The war-whoop was resounding everywhere in the 
forest. The horizon was illuminated with the conflagra- 
tion of the cabins of the settlers. Gen Hull had made 
the ignominious surrender of his forces at Detroit. 
Under these despairing circumstances, Gov. Harrison 
was appointed by President Madison commander-in- 
chief of the North-western army, with orders to retake 
Detroit, and to protect the frontiers. 

It would be difficult to place a man in a situation 
demanding more energy, sagacity and courage; but 
General Harrison was found equal to the position, 
and nobly and triumphantly did he meet all the re 

He won the love of his soldiers by always sharing 
with them their fatigue. His whole baggage, while 
pursuing the foe up the Thames, was carried in a 
valise ; and his bedding consisted of a single blanket 
lashed over his saddle Thirty-five British officers, 
his prisoners of war, supped with him after the battle. 
The only fare he could give them was beef roasted 
before the fire, without bread or salt. 

In 18 16, Gen. Harrison was chosen a member ot 
the National House of Representatives, to represent 
the District of Ohio. In Congress he proved an 
active member; and whenever he spoke, it was with 
force of reason and power of eloquence, which arrested 
the attention of all the members. 

In 1819. Harrison was elected to the Senate oi 
Ohio; and in 1824, as one of the presidential electors 
of that State, he gave his vote for Henry Clay. The 
same year he was chosen to the United States Senate. 

In 1836, the friends of Gen. Harrison brought him 
forward as a candidate for the Presidency against 
Van Buren, but he was defeated. At the close of 
Mr. Van Buren's term, he was re-nominated by his 
party, and Mr. Harrison was unanimously nominated 
by the Whigs, with John Tyler forthe Vice Presidency. 
The contest was very animated. Gen Jackson gave 
all his influence to prevent Harrison's election ; but 
his triumph was signal. 

The cabinet which he formed, with Daniel Webstei 
at its head as Secretary of State, was one of the most 
brilliant with which any President had ever been 
surrounded. Never were the prospects of an admin- 
istration more flattering, or the hopes of the country 
more sanguine. In the midst of these bright and 
joyous prospects, Gen. Harrison was seized by a 
pleurisy-fever and after a few days of violent sick- 
ness, died on the 4th of April ; just one month after 
his inauguration as President of the United States. 




jj OHN TYLER, the tenth 
ja Presidentof the United States. 
He was born in Charles-city 
Co.. Va.. March 29, 1790. He 
was the favored child of af- 
fluence and high social po- 
sition. At the early age of 
twelve. John entered William 
and Mary College and grad- 
uated with much honor when 
but seventeen years old. After 
graduating, he devoted him- 
self with great assiduity to the 
study of law, partly with his 
father and partly with Edmund 
Randolph, one of the most distin- 
guished lawyers of Virginia. 

At nineteen years of age, ne 
commenced the practice of law. 
His success was rapid and aston- 
ishing. It is said that three 
months had not elapsed ere there 
was scarcely a case on the dock- 
et of the court in which he was 
i.jt retained. When but twenty-one years of age, he 
was almost unanimously e'ected to a seat in the State 
.-..-lature. He connected himself with the Demo- 
:ratic part)', and warmly advocated the measures of 
Jefferson and Madison. For five successive years he 
was elected to the Legislature, receiving nearly the 
unanimous vote or his countv. 

When but twenty-six years of age, he was elected 
a member of Congress. Here he acted earnestly and 
ably with the Democratic party, opposing a national 
bank, internal improvements by the General ^Vivsm- 

ment. a protective tariff, and advocating a strict con- 
struction of the Constitution, and the most careful 
vigilance over State rights. His labors in Congress 
were so arduous that before the close of his second 
term hj fo and ic necessary to resign and retire to his 
estate in Charles-city Co., to recruit his health. He, 
however, soon after consented to take his seat in the 
State Legislature, where his influence was powerful 
in promoting public works of great utility. With a 
reputation thus canstantly increasing, he was chostn 
by a very large majority of votes. Governor of his 
native State. His administration was signally a suc- 
cessful one. His popularity secured his re-election. 

John Randolph, a brilliant, erratic, half-crazed 
man, then represented Virginia in the Senate of the 
United States. A portion of the Democratic party 
was displeased with Mr. Randolph's wayward course, 
and brought forward John Tyler as his opponent, 
considering him the only man in Virginia of sufficient 
popularity to succeed against the renowned orator of 
Roanoke. Mr. T\ler was the victor. 

In accordance with his professions, upon taking his 
seat in the Senate, he joined thj ranks of the opposi- 
tion. He opposed the tariff; he spoke against and 
voted against the bank as unconstitutional; he stren- 
uously opposed all restrictions upon slavery, resist- 
ing all projects of internal improvements by the Gen- 
eral Government, and avowed his sympathy with Mr. 
Calhoun's view of nullification ; he declared that Ge:i. 
Jackson, by his opposition to the nullifiers, had 
abandoned the principles of the Democratic party. 
Such was Mr. Tyler's record in Congress, — a recoid 
in perfect accordance with the principles which he 
had always avowed. 

Returning 10 Virginia, he resumed the practice 1 1 
his profession. There was a cplit in the Democrats 



/arty. His friends still regarded him as a true Jef- 
iersonian, gave him a dinner, and showered compli- 
ments upon him. He had now attained the age of 
forty-six. His career had been very brilliant. In con- 
sequence of his devotion to public business, his pri- 
vate affairs had fallen into some disorder; and it was 
not without satisfaction that he resumed the practice 
of law, and devoted himself to the culture of his plan- 
tation. Soon after this he remo\ed to Williamsburg, 
lor the better education of his children ; and he again 
look his seat in the Legislature of Virginia. 

By the Southern Whigs, he was sent to the national 
convention at Harrisburg to nominate a President in 
•839. The majority of votes were given to Gen. Har- 
rison, a genuine Whig, much to the disappointment ot 
the South, who wished for Henry Clay. To concili- 
ate the Southern Whigs and to secure their vote, the 
convention then nominated John Tyler for Vice Pres- 
ident. It was well known that he was not in sympa- 
thy with the Whig party in the Noith: but the Vice 
President has but very little power in the Govern- 
ment, his main and almost only duty being to pre- 
side over the meetings of the Senate. Thus it hap- 
pened that a Whig President, and, in reality, a 
Democratic Vice President were chosen. 

In 1841, Mr. Tyler was inaugurated Vice Presi- 
dent of the United States. In one short month from 
that time, President Harrison died, and Mr. Tyler 
thus .; and himself, to his own surprise and that of 
the whole Nation, an occupant of the Presidential 
chair. This was a new test of the stability of our 
institutions, as it was the first time in the history of our 
country that such an event had occured. Mr. Tyler 
was at home in Williamsburg when he received the 
unexpected tidings of the death of President Harri- 
son. He hastened to Washington, and on the 6th of 
£.-ril "./as inaugurated to the high and responsible 
office. H_' was placed in a position of exceeding 
delicacy and difficulty. All his longlife he had been 
opjwsed tc the main principles of the party which had 
brought him into power. He had ever been a con- 
sistent, horx't man, with an unblemished record. 
Gen. Harrison had selected a Whig cabinet. Should 
Jie retain them, and thus surround himself with coun- 
sellors whose views were antagonistic to his own? or, 
on the other hand, should he turn against the party 
which had elected him and select a cabinet in har- 
n.ony with himself, and which would oppose all those 
views which the Whigs deemed essential to the pub- 
lic welfare? This was his fearful dilemma. He in- 
vited the cabinet which President Harrison had 
^elected to retain their seats. He reccommmded a 
day of fasting and prayer, that God would guide and 
bless us. 

The Whigs carried through Congress a bill for the 
incorporation of a fiscal bank of the United States. 
The President, after ten days' delay, returned it with 
his veto. He '*usaested. however, that he would 

approve of a bill drawn up upon such a plan as he 
proposed. Such a bill was accordingly prepared, and 
privately submitted to him. He gave it his approval. 
It was passed without alteration, and he sent it back 
with his veto. Here commenced the open rupture. 
It is said that Mr. Tyler was provoked to this meas- 
ure by a published letter from the Hon. John M. 
Botts, a distinguished Virginia Whig, who severely 
touched the pride of the President. 

The opposition now exultingly received the Presi- 
dent into their arms. The party which elected him 
denounced him bitterly. All the members of his 
cabinet, excepting Mr. Webster, resigned. The Whigs 
of Congress, both the Senate and the House, held a 
meeting and issued an address to the people of the 
United States, proclaiming that all political alliance 
between the \\higs and President Tyler were at 
an end. 

Still the President attempted to conciliate. He- 
appointed a new cabinet of distinguished Whigs and 
Conservatives, carefully leaving out all strong party 
men. Mr. Webster soon found it necessary to resign, 
forced out by the pressure of his Whig friends. Thus 
the four years of Mr. Tyler's unfortunate administra- 
tion passed sadly away. No one was satisfied. The 
land was filled with murmurs and vituperation. Whigs 
and Democrats alike assailed him. More and more, 
however, he brought himself into sympathy with his 
old friends, the Democrats, until atthe close of his term, 
he gave his whole influence to the support of Mr. 
Polk, the Democratic candidate for his successor. 

On the 4th of March, 1845, he retired from the 
harassments of office, tothe regret of neither party, aid 
probably to his own unspeakable relief. His first wife, 
Miss Letitia Christian, died in Washington, in 1S42; 
and in June, r 844, President Tyler was again married, 
at New York, to Miss Julia Gardiner, a young lady of 
many personal and intellectual accomplishments. 

The remainder of his days Mr. Tyler passed mainly 
in retirement at his beautiful home, — Sherwood For- 
est, Charles-city Co., Va. A polished gentleman in 
his manners, richly furnished with information from 
books and experience in the world, and possessing 
brilliant powers of conversation, his family circle was 
the scene of unusual attractions. With sufficient 
means for the exercise of a generous hospitality, he 
might have enjoyed a serene old age with the few 
friends who gathered around him, were it not for the 
storms of civil war which his own principles and 
policy had helped to introduce. 

When the great Rebellion rose, which the State 
rights and nullifying doctrines of Mr. John C. Cal- 
houn had inaugurated, President Tyler renounced his 
allegiance to the United States, and joined the Confed- 
erates. He was chosen a member of their Congress; 
and while engaged in active measures to destroy, by 
force of arms, 'he Government over which he had 
once presided, he was taken sick and soon died. 



zzzzzzj£&2%r? ■*:■.' ■ C ' y^s '-**~y > 




AMES K. POLK, the eleventh 
||skPresident of the United States, 

^ was born in Mecklenburg Co., 

N. C, Nov. 2, 1795. His par- 

Ssi, ents were Samuel and Jane 

."•->,' (Knox) Polk, the former a son 

of Col. Thomas Polk, who located 

at the above place, as one of the 

first pioneers, in 1735. 

In the year 1006, with his wife 
and children, ar.d soon after fol- 
lowed by most of the members of 
the Polk farnly, Samuel Polk emi- 
grated some two or three hundred 
miles farther west, to the rich valley 
of the Duck River. Here in the 
midst of the wilderness, in a region 
which was subsequently called Mau- 
ry Co., they reared their log huts, 
and established their homes. In the 
hard toil of a new farm in the wil- 
derness, James K. Polk spent the 
early years of his childhood and 
youth. His father, adding the pur- 
suit of a surveyor to that of a farmer, 
gradually increased in wealth until 
he became one of the leading men of the region. His 
mother was a superior woman, of strong common 
sense and earnest piety. 

Very early in life, James developed a taste for 
reading and expressed the strongest desire to obtain 
a liberal education. His mother's training had made 
him methodical in his habits, had taught him punct- 
uality and industry, and had inspired him with lofty 
principles of morality. His health was frail ; and his 
father, fearing chat he might not be able to endure a 

sedentary life, got a situation for him behind the 
counter, hoping to fit him for commercial pursuits. 

This was to James a bitter disappointment. He 
had no taste for these duties, and his daily tasks 
were irksome in the extreme. He remained in this 
uncongenial occupation but a lew weeks, when at his 
earnest solicitation his father removed him, and made 
arrangements for him to prosecute his studies. Soon 
after he sent him to Murfreesboro Academy. With 
ardor which could scarcely be surpassed, he pressed 
forward in his studies, and in less than two and a half 
years, in the autumn of 1815, entered the sophomore 
class in the University of North Carolina, at Chapel 
Hill. Here he was one of the most exemplaiy of 
scholars, punctual in every exercise, never allowing 
himself to be absent from a recitation or a religious 

He graduated in 181 8, with the highest honors, be- 
ing deemed the best scholar of his class, both in 
mathematics and the classics. He was then twenty- 
three years of age. Mr. Polk's health was at this 
time much impaired by the assiduity with which he 
had prosecuted his studies. After a short season of 
relaxation he went to Nashville, and entered the 
office of Felix Grundy, to study law. Here Mr. Polk 
renewed his acquaintance with Andrew Jackson, who 
resided on his plantation, the Hermitage, but a few 
miles from Nashville. They had probably been 
slightly acquainted before. 

Mr. Polk's father was a Jeffersonian Republican, 
and James K. Polk ever adhered to the same politi- 
cal faith. He was a popular public speaker, and was 
constantly called upon to address the meetings of his 
party friends. His skill as a speaker was such that 
he was popularly called the Napoleon of the stump. 
He was a man of unblemished morals, genial aid 


xnirterus in his bearing, and with that sympathetic 
nature in the jo) s and griefs of others which ever gave 
him troops of friends. In 1823, Mr. Polk was elected 
to the Legislature of Tennessee. Here he gave his 
strong influence towards the election of his friend, 
Mr. Jackson, to the Presidency of the United States. 

In January, 1824, Mr. Polk married Miss Sarah 
Childress, of Rutherford Co., Tenn. His bride was 
altogether worthy of him, — a lady of beauty and cul- 
ture. In the fall of 1825, Mr. Polk was chosen a 
member of Congress. The satisfaction which he gave 
to his constituents may be inferred from the fact, that 
for fourteen successive years, until 1839, he was con- 
tinuec' in that office. He then voluntarily withdrew, 
only that he might accept the Gubernatorial chair 
of Tennessee. In Congress he was a laborious 
member, a frequent and a popular speaker. He was 
always in his seat, always courteous; and whenever 
he spoke it was always to the point, and without any 
ambitious rhetorical display. 

During five sessions of Congress, Mr. Polk was 
Speaker of the House Strong passions were roused, 
and stormy scenes were witnessed ; but Mr. Polk per- 
formed his arduous duties to a very general satisfac- 
tion, and a unanimous vote of thanks to him was 
passed by the House as he withdrew on the 4th of 
March, ^39. 

In accordance with Southern usage, Mr. Polk, as a 
candidate for Governor, canvassed the State. He was 
elected by a large majority, and on the 14th of Octo- 
ber, 1839, took the oath of office at Nashville. In 1841, 
his term of office expired, and he was again the can- 
didate of the Democratic party, but was defeated. 

On the 4th of March, 1845, Mr. ^o\k was inaugur- 
ated President of the United States. The verdict of 
the countryin favor of the annexation of Texas, exerted 
its influence upon Congress ; and the last act of the 
administration of President Tyler was to affix his sig- 
nature to a joint resolution of Congress, passed on the 
3d of March, approving of the annexation of Texas to 
the American Union. As Mexico still claimed Texas 
as one of her provinces, the Mexican minister, 
Almonte, immediately demanded his passports and 
left the country, declaring the act of the annexation 
to be an act hostile to Mexico. 

In his first message, President Polk urged that 
Texas should immediately, by act of Congress, be re- 
ceived into the Union on the same footing with the 
other States. In the meantime, Gen. Taylor was sent 

with an army into Texas to hold the country. He was 
sent first to Nueces, which the Mexicans said was the 
western boundary of Texas. Then he was sent nearly 
two hundred miles further west, to the Rio Grande, 
where lie erected batteries which commanded the 
Mexican city of Matamoras, which was situated on 
the western banks. 

The anticipated collision soon took place, and wa: 
was declared against Mexico by President Polk. The 
war was pushed forward by Mr. Polk's administration 
with great vigor Gen. Taylor, whose army was first 
called one of "observation," then of "occupation,' 
then of "invasion, "was sent forward to Monterey. The 
feeble Mexicans, in every encounter, were hopelessly 
and awfully slaughtered. The day of judgement 
alone can reveal the misery which this war caused. 
It was by the ingenuity of Mr. Polk's administration 
that the war was brought on. 

' To the victors belong the spoils." Mexico was 
prostrate before us. Her capital was in our hands. 
We now consented to peace upon the condition that 
Mexico should surrender to us, in addition to Texas, 
all of New Mexico, and all of Upper and Lower Cal- 
ifornia. This new demand embraced, exclusive of 
Texas, eight hundred thousand square miles. This 
was an extent of territory equal to nine States of the 
size of New York Thus slavery was securing eighteen 
majestic States to be added to the Union. There were 
some Americans who thought it all right : there were 
others who thought it all wrong. In the prosecution 
of this war, we expended twenty thousand lives and 
more than a hundred million of dollars. Of this 
money fifteen millions were paid to Mexico. 

On the 3d of March, 1849, Mr. Polk retired from 
office, having served one term. The next day was 
Sunday. On the 5th, Gen. Taylor was inaugurated 
as his successor. Mr Polk rode to the Capitol in the 
same carriage with Gen. Taylor; and the same even- 
ing, with Mrs. Polk, he commenced his return to 
Tennessee. He was then but fifty-four years of age. 
He had ever been strictly temperate in all his habits, 
and his health was good. With an ample fortune, 
a choice library, a cultivated mind, and domestic ties 
of the dearest nature, it seemed as though long years 
of tranquility and happiness were before him. But the 
cholera — that fearful scourge — was then sweeping up 
the Valley of the Mississippi. This he contracted, 
and died on the 15th of June, 1849, in the fiftv-fourth 
year of his age, greatly mourned by his countrymen. 

^.COGn^PL^y^y/ ^y^xyy-- 



President of the United States, 
Jpwas born on the 24th of Nov., 
1784, in Orange Co., Va. His 
father, Colonel Taylor, was 
a Virginian of note, and a dis- 
tinguished patriot and soldier of 
the Revolution. When Zachary 
was an infant, his father with his 
wife and two children, emigrated 
to Kentucky, where he settled in 
the pathless wilderness, a few 
miles from Louisville. In this front- 
ier home, away from civilization and 
all its refinements, young Zachary 
could enjoy but few social and educational advan- 
tages. When six years of age he attended a common 
school, and was then regarded as a bright, active boy, 
rather remarkable for bluntness and decision of char- 
acter He was strong, fearless and self-reliant, and 
manifested a strong desire to enter the army to fight 
the Indians who were ravaging the frontiers. There 
is little to be recorded of the uneventful years of his 
childhood on his father's large but lonely plantation. 
In 1S0S, his father succeeded in obtaining for him 
the commission of lieutenant in the United States 
army ; and he joined the troops which were stationed 
at New Orleans under Gen. Wilkinson. Soon after 
this he married Miss Margaret Smith, a young lady 
from one of the first families of Maryland. 

Immediately after the declaration of war with Eng- 
land, in r8i2, Capt. Taylor (for he had then been 
promoted to that rank) was put in command of Fort 
Harrison, on the Wabash, about fifty miles above 
Vincennes. This fort had been built in the wilder- 
ness by Gen. Harrison, on his march to Tippecanoe. 
It was one of the first points of attack by the Indians, 
,ed by Tecumseh, Its garrison consisted of a broken 

company of infantry numbering fifty men, many of 
whom were sick. 

Early in the autumn of 18 12, the Indians, stealthily, 
and in large numbers, moved upon the fort. Their 
approach was first indicated by the murder of two 
soldiers just outside of the stockade. Capt. Taylor 
made every possible preparation to meet the antici- 
pated assault. On the 4th of September, a band of 
forty painted and plumed savages came to the fort, 
waving a white flag, and informed Capt. Taylor that 
in the morning their chief would come to have a talk 
with him. It was evident that their object was merely 
to ascertain the state of things at the fort, and Capt. 
Taylor, well versed in the wiles of the savages, kept 
them at a distance. 

The sun went down ; the savages disappeared, the 
garrison slept upon their arms. One hour before 
midnight the war whoop burst from a thousand lips 
in the forest around, followed by the discharge of 
musketry, and the rush of the foe. Every man, sick 
and well, sprang to his post. Every man knew that 
defeat was not merely death, but in the case of cap- 
ture, death by the most agonizing and prolonged tor- 
ture. No pen can describe, no immagination can 
conceive the scenes which ensued. The savages suc- 
ceeded in setting lire to one of the block-houses- 
Until six o'clock in the morning, this awful conflict 
continued. The savages then, baffled at every point, 
and gnashing their teeth with rage, retired. Capt. 
Taylor, for this gallant defence, was promoted to the 
rank of major by brevet. 

Until the close of the war, Major Taylor was placed 
in such situations that he saw but little more of active 
service. He was sent far away into the depths of the 
wilderness, to Fort Crawford, on Fox River, which 
empties into Green Bay. Heie there was but little 
to be done but to wear away the tedious hours as one 
best could, There were no books, no society, no in- 



telieciual stimulus. Thus with him the uneventful 
years rolled on Gradually he rose to the rank of 
-olonel. In the Black Hawk war, which resulted in 
the capture of that renowned chieftain, Col Taylor 
took a subordinate but a brave and efficient part. 

For twenty four years Col. Taylor was engaged in 
the defence of the frontiers, in scenes so remote, and in 
employments so obscure, that his name was unknown 
oeyond the limits of his own immediate acquaintance. 
In the year 1S36, he was sent to Florida to compel 
the Seminole Indians to vacate that region and re- 
tire beyond the Mississippi, as their chiefs by treaty, 
hac' promised they should do. The services rendered 
he.c secured for Col. Taylor the high appreciation of 
the Government; and as a reward, he was elevated 
tc he rank of brigadier-general by brevet ; and soon 
after, in May, 1838, was appointed to the chief com- 
mand of the United States troops in Florida. 

After two years of such wearisome employment 
amidst the everglades of the peninsula, Gen. Taylor 
obtained, at his own request, a change of command, 
:.nd was sutio.ied over the Department of the South- 
west. This field embraced Louisiana, Mississippi, 
Alabama and Georgia. Establishing his headquarters 
at Fort Jessup, in Louisiana, he removed his family 
to a plantation which he purchased, near Baton Rogue. 
Here he remained for five years, buried, as it were, 
r rom the world, but faithfully discharging even - duty 
imposed upon him. 

In 1S46. Gen. Taylor was sent to guard the land 
between the Nueces and Rio Grande, the latter river 
being the boundary of Texas, which was then claimed 
by the United States. Soon the war with Mexico 
was brought on, and at Palo Alto and Resaca de la 
Palma, Gen. Taylor won brilliant victories over the 
Mexicans. The rank of major-general by brevet 
was then conferred upon Gen. Taylor, and his name 
was received with enthusiasm almost everywhere in 
the Nation. Then came the battles of Monterey and 
Buena Vista in which he won signal victories over 
forces much larger than he commanded 

His careless habits of dress and his unaffected 
simplicity, secured for Gen. Taylor among his troops, 
the sobriquet of "Old Rough and Ready.' 

Tne tidings of the brilliant victory of Buena Vista 
: pread the wildest enthusiasm over the country. The 
name of Gen. Taylor was on every one's lips. The 
v Vhig party decided to take advantage of this wonder- 
ful popularity in bringing forward the unpolished, un- 
"■•ed, honest soldier as their candidate for the 
1 residency. Gen. Taylor was astonished at the an- 
nouncement, and for a time would not listen to it: de 
daring that he was not at all qualified for such an 
office. So little interest had he taken in politics that, 
'"or forty years, he had net cast a vote. It was not 
without chagrin that several distinguished statesmen 
who had been long years in the public sen-ice found 
*Lar claims set aside in behalf of one whose name 

had never been heard of, save in connection with Palo 
Alto, Resaca de la Palma, Monterey and Buena 
Vista. It is said that Daniel Webster, in his haste re- 
marked, " It is a nomination not fit to be made." 

Gen. Taylor was not an eloquent speaker nor a fine 
writer His friends took possession of him, and pre- 
pared such few communications as it was needful 
should be presented to the public. The popularity of 
the successful warrior swept the land. He was tri- 
umphantly elected over two opposing candidates, — 
Gen. Cass and Ex-President Martin Van Buren. 
Though he selected an excellent cabinet, the good 
old man found himself in a very uncongenial position, 
and was, at times, sorely perplexed and harassed. 
His mental sufferings were very severe, and probably 
tended to hasten his death. The pro-slavery party- 
was pushing its claims with tireless energy, expedi- 
tions were fitting out to capture Cuba ; California was 
pleading for admission to the Union, while slavery- 
stood at the door to bar her out. Gen. Taylor found 
the political conflicts in Washington to be far more 
trying to the nerves than battles with Mexicans or 

In the midst of all these troubles. Gen. Taylor, 
after he had occupied the Presidential chair but little 
over a year, took cold, and after a brief sickness of 
but little over five days, died on the 9th of July, rS5o. 
His last woids were, " I am not afraid to die. I am 
ready. I have endeavored to do my duty." He died 
universally respected and beloved. An honest, un- 
pretending man, he had been steadily growing in the 
affections of the people; and the Nation bitterly la- 
mented his death. 

Gen. Scott, who was thoioughly acquainted with 
Gen. Taylor, gave the following graphic and truthful 
description of his character: — " With a good store of 
common sense. Gen. Taylor's mind had not been en- 
larged and refreshed by reading, or much converse 
with the world. Rigidity of ideas was the conse- 
quence. The frontiers and small military posts had 
been his home. Hence he was quite ignorant for his 
rank, and quite bigoted in his ignorance. His sim- 
plicity was child-like, and with innumerable preju- 
dices, amusing and incorrigible, well suited to the 
tender age. Thus, if a man, however respectable, 
chanced to wear a coat of an unusual color, or his hat 
a little on one side of his head; or an officer to leave 
a corner of his handkerchief dangling from an out- 
side pocket, — in any such case, this critic held the 
offender to be a coxcomb (perhaps something worse), 
whom he would not. to use his oft repeated phrase, 
' touch with a pair of tongs.' 

"Any allusion to literature beyond good old Dil- 
worth's spelling-book, on the part of one wearing a 
sword, was evidence, with the same judge, of utter 
unfitness for heavy marchings and combats. In shor+ 
few men have ever had a more comfortable. '■■>>"». 
saving contempt for le3rnirg of every kind. 







T ^r — Hr 



teenth President of the United 
States, was born at Summer 
Hill, Cayuga Co., N. Y ., on 
the 7 1 h of January, 1800. His 
]/^ father was a farmer, and ow- 
c ing to misfortune, in humble cir- 
cumstances. Of his mother, the 
MmJ daughter of Dr. Abiathar Millard, 
Ui?\ of Pittsfield, Mass., it has been 
said that she possessed an intellect 
of very high order, united with much 
personal loveliness, sweetness of dis- 
position, graceful manners and ex- 
quisite sensibilities. She died in 
1 83 1 ; having lived to see her son a 
young man of distinguished prom- 
ise, though she was not permitted to witness the high 
dignity which he finally attained. 

In consequence of the secluded home and limited 
i-.ieans of his father, Millard enjoyed but slender ad- 
vantages for education in his early years. The com- 
mon r.chools, which he occasionally attended were 
very imperfect institutions; and books were scarce 
and expensive. There was nothing then in his char- 
acter to indicate the brilliant career upon which he 
was about to enter. He was a plain farmer's boy; 
intelligent, good-looking, kind-hearted. The sacred 
influences of home had taught him to revere the Bible, 
and had laid the foundations of an upright character. 
When fourteen years of age, his father sent him 
some hundred miles from home, to the then wilds o( 
Livingston County, to learn the trade of a clothier. 
Neai' the mill there was a small villiage, where some 

enterprising man had commenced the collection of a 
village library. This proved an inestimable blessing 
to young Fillmore. His evenings were spent in read- 
ing. Soon every leisure moment was occupied with 
books. His thirst for knowledge became insatiate 
and the selections which he made were continually 
more elevating and instructive. He read history 
biography, oratory, and thus gradually there was en- 
kindled in his heart a desire to be something nu*e 
than a mere worker with his hands; and he was be- 
coming, almost unknown to himself, a well-informed 
educated man. 

The young clothier had now attained the age of 
nineteen years, and was of fine personal appearance 
and of gentlemanly demeanor. It so happened tha'. 
there was a gentleman in the neighborhood of ample 
pecuniary means and of benevolence, — Judge Walter 
Wood, — who was struck with the prepossessing ap- 
pearance of young Fillmore. He made his acquaint- 
ance, and was so much impressed with his ability and 
attainments that he advised him to abandon his 
trade and devote himself to the study of the law. The 
young man replied, that he had no means of his own, 
r.o friends to help him and that his previous educa- 
tion had been very imperfect. But Judge Wood had 
so much confidence in him that he kindly offered to 
take him into his own office, and to loan him such 
money as he needed Must gratefully the generous 
offer was accepted. 

There is in many minds a strange delusion about 
a collegiate education. A young man is supposed to 
be liberally educated if he has graduated at some col- 
lege. But many a boy loiters through university hal" 
ind then enters a law office, who is by no means as 



well prepared to prosecute his legal studies as was 
Millard Fillmore when he graduated at the clothing- 
mill at the end of four years of manual labor, during 
which every leisure moment had been devoted to in- 
tense mental culture. 

In 1S23, when twenty-three years of age, he was 
admitted to the Court of Common Pleas. He then 
went to the village of Aurora, and commenced the 
practice of law. In this secluded, peaceful region, 
his practice of course was limited, and there was no 
opportunity for a sudden rise in foitune or in fame. 
Here, in the year 1826, he married a lady of great 
moral worth, and one capable of adorning any station 
she might be called to fill, — Miss Abigail Powers. 

His elevation of character, his untiring industry, 
his legal acquirements, and his skill as an advocate, 
gradually attracted attention , and he was invited to 
enter into partnership under highly advantageous 
circumstances, with an elder member of the bar in 
Buffalo. Just before removing to Buffalo, in 1829, 
he took his seat in the House of Assembly, of the 
State of New York, as a representative from Erie 
County. Though he had never taken a very active 
part in politics, his vote and his sympathies were with 
the Whig party. The State was then Democratic, 
and he found himself in a helpless minority in the 
Legislature , still the testimony comes from all parties, 
that his courtesy, ability and integrity, won, to a very 
unusual degn e the respect of his associates. 

In the autumn of 1832, he was elected to a seat in 
Lhe United States Congress He entered that troubled 
irena in some of the most tumultuous hours of our 
national history. The great conflict respecting the 
national bank and the removal of the deposits, was 
then raging. 

His term of two years closed ; and he returned to 
his profession, which he pursued with increasing rep- 
utation and success. After a lapse of two years 
he again became a candidate for Congress; was re- 
elected, and took his seat in 1837. His past expe 
rience as a representative gave him stiength and 
confidence. The first term of service in Congress to 
any man can be but little more than an introduction. 
He was now prepared for active duty. All his ener- 
gies were brought to bear upon the public good. Every 
measure received his impress. 

Mr. Fillmore was now a man of wide repute, and 
his popularity filled the State, and in the year 1847, 
he was elected Comptroller of the State 

Mr. Fillmore had attained the age of forty-seven 
years. His labors at the bar, in the Legislature, in 
Congress and as Comptroller, had given him very con- 
siderable fame. The Whigs were casting about to 
find suitable candidates for President and Vice-Presi- 
dent at the approaching election. Far away, on the 
waters of the Rio Grande, there was a rough old 
soldier, who had fought one or two successful battles 
with the Mexicans, which had caused his name to be 
proclaimed in tiumpet-tones all over the land. But 
it was necessary to associate with him on the same 
ticket some man of reputation as a statesman. 

Under the influence of these considerations, the 
namesof Zachary Taylor ar.d Millard Fillmore became 
the rallying-cry of the Whigs, as their candidates for 
President and Vice-Peesident. The Whig ticket was 
signally triumphant. On the 4th of March, 1849, 
Gen. Taylor was inaugurated President, and Millard 
Fillmore Vice-President, of the United States. 

On the 9th of July, 1850, President Taylor, but 
about one year and four months after his inaugura 
tion, was suddenly taken sick and died. By the Con- 
stitution. Vice-President Fillmore thus became Presi- 
dent. He appointed a very able cabinet, of which 
the illustrious Daniel Webster was Secretary of State. 

Mr. Fillmore had very serious difficulties to contend 
with, since the opposition had a majority in both 
Houses. He did everything in his power to conciliate 
the South; but the pro-slavery party in the South felt 
the inadequacy of all measuresof transient conciliation. 
The population of the free States was so rapidly in- 
creasing over that of the slave States that it was in- 
evitable that the power of the Government should 
soon pass into the hands of the free States. The 
famous compromise measures were adopted under Mr. 
Fillnure's adminstration, and the Japan Expedition 
was sent out. On the 4th of March, 1853, Mr. Fill- 
more, having served one term, retired. 

In 1856, Mr. Fillmore was nominated for the Pres- 
idency by the " Know Nothing " party, but was beaten 
by Mr. Buchanan. After that Mr. Fillmore lived in 
retirement. During the terrible conflict of civil war, 
he was mostly silent. It was generally supposed that 
his sympathies were rather with those who were en- 
deavoring to overthrow our institutions. President 
Fillmore kept aloof from the conflict, without any 
coidial words of cheer to the one party or the other. 
He was thus forgotten by both. He lived to a ripe 
old a-e, and died in Buffalo. N. V., March 8, 1874. 






!|> fourteenth President of the 
' United States, was born in 
||f Hillsborough, N. H.. Nov 
23, 1S04. His father was a 
Revolutionary soldier, who, 
with his own strong arm, 
hewed out a home in the 
wilderness. He was a man 
of inflexible integrity; of 
strong, though uncultivated 
mind, and an uncompromis- 
ing Democrat. The mother of 
Franklin Pierce was all that a son 
could desire, — an intelligent, pru- 
dent, affectionate, Christian wom- 
an. Franklin was the sixth of eight children. 

Franklin was a very bright and handsome boy, gen- 
erous, warm-hearted and brave. He won alike the 
love of old and young. The boys on the play ground 
loved him. His teachers loved him. The neighbors 
looked upon him with pride and affection. He was 
by instinct a gentleman: always speaking kind words, 
doing kind deeds, with a peculiar unstudied tact 
which taught him what was agreeable. Without de- 
veloping any precocity of genius, or any unnatural 
devotion to books, he was a good scholar; in body, 
in mind, in affections, a finely-developed boy. 

When sixteen years of age, in the year 1820, he 
entered Bowdoin College, at Brunswick, Me He was 
one of the most popular young men in the college. 
The purity of his moral character, the unvarying 
courtesy of his demeanor, his rank as a scholar, and 

genial nature, rendered him a universal favorite 
There was something very peculiarly winning in his 
address, and it was evidently not in the slightest de- 
gree studied: it was the simple outgushing of his 
own magnanimous and loving nature. 

Upon graduating, in the year 1824, Franklin Pierce 
commenced the study of law in the office of Judge 
Woodbury, one of the most distinguished lawyers of 
the State, and a man of great private worth. The 
eminent social qualities of the young lawyer, his 
father's prominence as a public man, and the brilliant 
political career into which Judge Woodbury was en- 
tering, all tended to entice Mr. Pierce into the faci 
nating yet perilous path of political life. With all 
the ardor of his nature he esi>o:ised the cause of Gen. 
Jackson for the Presidency. He commenced the 
practice of law in Hillsborough, and was soon elected 
to represent the town in the State Legislature. Here 
he served for four yeats. The last two years lie was 
chosen speaker of the house by a very large vote. 

In 18,33, at the age of twenty-nine, he was elected 
a member of Congress. Without taking an active 
part in debates, he was faithful and laborious in duty 
and ever rising in the estimation of those with whom 
he was associatad. 

In 1S37, being then but thirty-three years of age, 
he was elected to the Senate of the United States; 
taking his seat just as Mr. Van Buren commenced 
his administration. He was the youngest member ii 
the Senate. In the year 1834. he married Miss Jane 
Means Appleton, a lady of rare beauty and accom- 
plishments, and one admirably fitted to adorn every 
station with which her husband was honoied Of the 



three sons who were born to them, all now sleep with 
their parents in the grave. 

In the year 1838, Mr. Pierce, with growing fame 
and increasing business as a lawyer, took up his 
residence in Concord, the capital of New Hampshire. 
President Polk, upon his accession to office, appointed 
Mr. Pierce attorney-general of the United States; but 
the offer was declined, in consequence of numerous 
professional engagements at home, and the precariuos 
state of Mrs. Pierce's health. He also, about the 
same time declined the nomination for governor by the 
Democratic party. The war with Mexico called Mr. 
Pierce in the army. Receiving the appointment of 
brigadier-general, he embarked, with a portion of his 
troops, at Newport, R. I., on the 27th of May, 1847. 
lie took an important part in this war, proving him- 
self a brave and true soldier. 

When Gen. Pierce reached his home in his native 
State, lie was received enthusiastically by the advo- 
cates of the Mexican war, and coldly by his oppo- 
nents. He resumed the practice of his profession, 
vjrj frequently taking an active part in political ques- 
tions, giving his cordial support to the pro-slavery 
wing of the Democratic party. The compromise 
measures met cordially with his approval; and he 
strenuously advocated the enforcement of the infa- 
mous fugitive-slave law, which so shocked the religious 
sensibilities of the North. He thus became distin- 
guished as a " Northern man with Southern principles.'' 
The strong partisans of slavery in the South conse- 
quently regarded him as a man whom they could 
safely trust in office to carry out their plans. 

On the 1 2th of June, 1852, the Democratic conven- 
tion met in Baltimore to nominate a candidate for the 
Presidency. For four days they continued in session, 
,-...d in thirty-five ballotings no one had obtained a 
two-thirds vote. Not a vote thus far had been thrown 
for Gen. Pierce. Then the Virginia delegation 
brought forward his name. There were fourteen 
more ballotings, during which Gen. Pierce constantlv 
gained strength, until, at the forty-ninth ballot, he 
received two hundred and eighty-two votes, and all 
oilier candidates eleven. Gen. Winfield Scott was 
the Whig candidate. Gen. Pierce was chosen with 
great unanimity. Only four States — Vermont, Mas- 
sachusetts, Kentucky and Tennessee — cast their 
el-ctoral votes against him Gen. Franklin Pieice 
«as therefore inaugurated President of the United 
States en the 4th of March, 1853. 

His administration proved one of the most stormy our 
country had ever experienced. The controversy be 
tween slavery and freedom was then approaching its 
culminating point. It became evident that there was 
an " irrepressible conflict" between them, and that 
this Nation could not long exist " half slave and half 
free." President Pierce, during the whole of his ad- 
ministration, did every thing he could to conciliate 
the South ; but it was all in vain. The conflict every 
year grew more violent, and threats of the dissolution 
of the Union were borne to the North on every South- 
ern breeze. 

Such was the condition of affairs when President 
Pierce approached the close of his four-years' term 
of office. The North had become thoroughly alien- 
ated from him. The anti-slavery sentiment, goaded 
by great outrages, had been rapidly increasing; all 
the intellectual ability and social worth of President 
Pierce were forgotten in deep reprehension of his ad- 
ministrative acts. The slaveholders of the South, also, 
unmindful cf the fidelity with which he had advo- 
cated those measures of Government which they ap- 
proved, and perhaps, also, feelirg that he had 
rendered himself so unpopular as no longer to be 
able acceptably to serve them, ungratefully dropped 
him, and nominated James Buchanan to succeed him. 

On the 4th of March, 1857, President Pieice le- 
tired to his home in Concord. Of three children, two 
had died, and his only surviving child had been 
kiued before his eyes by a railroad accident , and his 
wife, one of the most estimable and accomplished of 
ladies, was rapidly sinking in consumption. The 
hour of dreadful gloom soon came, and he was left 
alone in the world, without wife or child. 

When the terrible Rebellion burst forth, which di- 
vided our country into two parties, and two only, Mr. 
Pierce remained steadfast in the principles which he 
had always cherished, and gave his sympathies to 
that pro-slavery party with which he had ever been 
allied. He declined to do anything, either by voice 
or pen, to strengthen the hand of the National Gov- 
ernment. He continued to reside in Concord until 
the time of his death, which occurred in October, 
1869. He was one of the most genial and social of 
men, an honored communicant of the Episcopal 
Church, and one of the kindest of neighbors. Gen 
eror.s to a fault, he contributed liberally for the al- 
leviation of suffering and want, and many of his towns- 
people were often gladened by his material bounty. 


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AMES BUCHANAN, the fif- 
teenth President of the United 
States, was born in a small 
frontier town, at the foot of the 
eastern ridge of the Allegha- 
nies, in Franklin Co., Penn., on 
c'-'g^ls) the 23d of April, 1791. The place 
where the humble cabin of his 
father st<-od was called Stony 
Batter. It was a wild and ro- 
mantic spot in a gorge of the moun- 
tains, with towering summits rising 
grandly all around. His father 
was a native of the north of Ireland ; 
a poor man, who had emigrated in 
1783, with little property save his 
own strong arms. Five years afterwards he married 
Elizabeth Spear, the daughter of a respectable farmer, 
and, with his young bride, plunged into the wilder- 
ness, staked his claim, reared his log-hut, opened a 
clearing with his axe, and settled down there to per- 
form his obscure part in the drama of life. In this se- 
cluded home, where James was born, he remained 
for eight years, enjoying but few social or intellectual 
advantages. When James was eight yeaisofage, his 
father removed to the village of Mercersburg, where 
Lis son was placed at school, and commenced a 
course of study in English, Latin and Greek. His 
progress was rapid, and at the age of fourteen, he 
entered Dickinson College, at Carlisle. Here he de 
veloped remarkable talent, and took his stand among 
the first scholars in the institution. His application 
to study was intense, and yet his native powers en- 

abled him to master the most abstruse subjects w 

In the year 1809, he graduated with the highest 
honors of his clas:.. He was then eighteen years cf 
age; tall and graceful, vigorous in health, fond of 
athletic sport, an unerring shot, and enlivened with 
an exuberant flow of animal spirits. He immediately 
commenced the study of law in the city of Lancaster, 
and was admitted to the bar in 1S12, when he was 
but twenty-one years of age. Very rapidly he rose 
in his profession, and at once took undisputed stand 
with the ablest lawyers of the State. When but 
twenty-six years of age, unaided by counsel, he suc- 
cessfully defended before the State Senate 01 e of the 
judges of the State, who was tried upon articles <>l 
impeachment. At the age of thirty it was generally 
admitted that he stood at the head of the bar; and 
there was no lawyer in the State who had a more lu- 
crative practice. 

In 1S20, he reluctantly consented to run as a 
candidate for Congress. He was elected, and for 
ten years he remained a member of the Lower House. 
During the vacations of Congress, he occasionally 
tried some important case. In r 831, he retired 
altogether from the toils of his profession, having ac- 
quired an ample fortune. 

Gen. Jackson, upon his elevation to the Presidency, 
appointed Mr. Buchanan minister to Russia. The 
duties of his mission he performed with ability, which 
gave satisfaction to all parties. Upon his return, in 
1833, he was elected to a seat in the United States 
Senate. He there met, as his associates, Wei stcr. 
Clay, Wright and Calhoun. He advocated the meas- 
ures proposed by President Jackson, of m iking repn- 

7 6 


sals against France, to enforce the payment of our 
claims against that country ; and defended the course 
of the President in his unprecedented and wholesale 
removal from office of those who were not the sup- 
porters of his administration. Upon this question he 
was brought into direct collision with Henry Clay. 
He also, with voice and vote, advocated expunging 
from the journal of the Senate the vote of censure 
against Gen. Jackson for removing the deposits. 
Earnestly he opposed the abolition of slavery in the 
District of Columbia, and urged the prohibition of the 
circulation of anti-slavery documents by the United 
States mails. 

As to petitions on the subject of slavery, he advo- 
cated that they should be respectfully received; and 
that the reply should be returned, that Congress had 
no power to legislate upon the subject. " Congress," 
wid he, " might as well undertake to interfere with 
slavery under a foreign government as in any of the 
States where it now exists." 

Upon Mr. Polk's accession to the Presidency, Mr. 
Buchanan became Secretary of State, and as such, 
took his share of the responsibility in the conduct of 
the Mexican War. Mr. Polk assumed that crossing 
the Nueces by the American troops into the disputed 
territory was not wrong, but for the Mexicans to cross 
the Rio Grande into that territory was a declaration 
of war. No candid man can read with pleasure the 
account of the course our Government pursued in that 

Mr. Buchanan identified himself thoroughly with 
the party devoted to the perpetuation and extension 
of slavery, and brought all the energies of his mind 
to bear agjinst the Wilmot Proviso. He gave his 
cordial approval to the compromise measures of 1S50, 
which included the fugitive-slave law. Mr. Pierce, 
ir.ion his election to the Presidency, honored Mr. 
Buchanan with the mission to England. 

In the year 1856, a national Democratic conven- 
tion nominated Mr. Buchanan for the Presidency. The 
political conflict was one of the most severe in which 
o ir country has ever engaged. All the friends of 
slavery were on one side; all the advocates of its re- 
striction and final abolition, on the other. Mr. Fre- 
mont, the candidate of the enemies of slavery, re- 
•eived 114 electoral votes. Mr. Buchanan received 
174, and was elected. The popular vote stood 
1,340,618, for Fremont, 1,224,750 for Buchanan. On 
March 4th. 1857, Mr. Buchanan was inaugurated. 

Mr. Buchanan was far advanced in life. Only four 
•'ears were wanting to fill up his threescore years and 
:er.. His own friends, those with whom he had been 
allied in political principles and action for years, were 
seeking the destruction of the Government, that they 
might rear upon the ruins of our free institutions a 
nation whose corner-stone should be human slavery. 
In this emergency, Mr. Buchanan was hopelessly be- 
wildered He could not, with his long-avowed prin- 

ciples, consistently oppose the State-rights party in 
their assumptions. As President of the United States, 
bound by his oath faithfully to administer the laws 
he could not, without perjury of the grossest kind, 
unite with those endeavoring to overthrow the repub- 
lic. He therefore did nothing. 

The opponents of Mr. Buchanan's administration 
nominated Abraham Lincoln as their standard bearer 
in the next Presidential canvass. The pro-slavery 
party declared, that if he were elected, and the con- 
trol of the Government were thus taken from their 
hands, they would secede from the Union, taking 
with them, as they retired, the National Capitol at 
Washington, and the lion's share of the territory of 
the United States. 

Mr. Buchanan's sympathy with the pro-slavery 
party was such, that he had been willing to offer them 
far more than they had ventured to claim. All the 
South had professed to ask of the North was non- 
intervention upon the subject of slavery. Mr. Bu- 
chanan had been ready to offer them the active co- 
operation of the Government to defend and extend 
the institution. 

As the storm increased in violence, the slaveholders 
claiming the right to secede, and Mr. Buchanan avow- 
ing that Congress had no power to prevent it, one of 
the most pitiable exhibitions of governmental im- 
becility was exhibited the world has ever seen. He 
declared that Congress had no power to enforce its 
laws in any State which had withdrawn, or which 
was attempting to withdraw from the Union. This 
was not the doctrine of Andrew Jackson, when, with 
his hand upon his sword-hilt, he exclaimed, " The 
Union must and shall be preserved!" 

South Carolina seceded in December, i860; nearly 
three months before the inauguration of President 
Lincoln. Mr. Buchanan looked on in listless despair. 
The rebel flag was raised in Charleston: FortSumpter 
was besieged ; our forts, navy-yards and arsenals 
were seized; our depots of military stores were plun- 
dered ; and our custom-houses and post-offices were 
appropriated by the rebels. 

The energy of the rebels, and the imbecility of our 
Executive, were alike marvelous. The Nation looked 
on in agony, waiting for the slow weeks to glide away, 
and close the administration, so terrible in its weak- 
ness At length the long-looked-for hour of deliver- 
ance came, when Abraham Lincoln was to receive the 

The administration of President Buchanan was 
certainly the most calamitous our country has ex- 
perienced. His best friends cannot recall it with 
pleasure. And still more deplorable it is for his fame, 
that in that dreadful conflict which rolled its billows 
of flame and blood over our whole land, no word came 
from his lips to indicate his wish that our country's 
banner should triumph over the flag of the rebellion 
We died at his Wheatland retreat, June 1, 1868. 







.msr-i.^ < LINCOLN. I> 


sixteenth President of the 
United States, was horn in 
Hardin Co., Ky., Feb. 12, 
1809. About the year 1780, a 
man by the name of Abraham 
Lincoln left Virginia with his 
family and moved into the then 
wilds of Kentucky. Only two years 
after this emigration, still a young 
man, while working one day in a 
field, was stealthily approached by 
an Indian and shot dead. His widow 
was left in extreme poverty with five 
ittle children, three boys and two 
girls. Thomas, the youngest of the 
boys, was four years of age at his 
father's death. This Thomas was 
the father of Abraham Lincoln, the 
President of the United States 
whose name must henceforth fo r ever be enrolled 
with the most prominent in the annals of our world. 
Of course no record has been kept of the life 
of one so lowly as Thomas Lincoln. He was among 
the poorest of the poor. His home was a wretched 
log-cabin; his food the coarsest and the meanest. 
Education he had none; he could never either read 
or write. As soon as he was able to do anything for 
himself, he was compelled to leave the cabin of his 
starving mother, and push out into the world, a friend- 
less, wandering boy, seeking work. He hired him- 
self out, and thus spent the whole of his youth as a 
iborer in the fields of others. 

When twenty-eight years of age he buili a log- 
cabin of his own, and married Nancy Hanks, the 
daughter of another family of poor Kentucky emi- 
grants, who had also come from Virginia. Their 
second child was Abraham Lincoln, the subject of 
this sketch. The mother of Abraham was a noble 
woman, gentle, loving, pensive, created to adorn 
a palace, doomed to toil and pine, and die in a hovel. 
" All lhat I am, or hope to be," exclaims the grate- 
ful son " I owe to my angel-mother. 

When he was eight years of age, his father sold his 

cabin and small farm, and moved to Indiana Where 
two years later his mother died. 

Abraham soon became the sciibe of the uneducated 
community around him. He could not have had a 
better school than this to teach him to put thoughts 
into words. He also became an eager reader. The 
books he could obtain were few ; but these he read 
and re-read until they were almost committed tc 

As the years rolled on, the lot of this lowly familj 
was the usual lot of humanity. There were joys and 
griefs, weddings and funerals. Abraham's sistei 
Sarah, to whom he was tenderly attached, was mar- 
ried when a child of but fourteen years of age, and 
soon died. The family was gradually scattered. Mr. 
Thomas Lincoln sold out his squatter's claim in 1830 
and emigrated to Macon Co., 111. 

\braham Lincoln was then twenty-one years of age. 
With vigorous hands he aided his father in rearing 
another log-cabin. Abraham worked diligently at this 
until he saw the family comfortably settled, and thei> 
small lot of enclosed prairie planted with corn, when 
he announced to his father his intention to leave 
home, and to go out into the world and seek his for- 
tune. Little did he or his friends imagine how bril- 
liant that fortune was to be. He saw the value ol 
education and was intensely earnest to improve hi; 
mind to the utmost of his power. He saw the ruin 
which ardent spirits were causing, and became 
strictly temperate; refusing to allow a drop of intoxi- 
cating liquor to pass his lips. And he had read in 
(lod's word, "Thou shalt not take the name of the 
Lord thy God in vain;" and a profane expression ha 
was never heard to utter. Religion he revered. His. 
morals were pure, and lie was uncontaminated by a 
single vice. 

Voting Abraham worked for a time as a hired laborei 
among the farmers. Then he went to Springfield, 
where he was employed in building a large flat-boat 
In this he took a herd of swine, floated them dowr, 
the Sangamon to the Illinois, and thence by the Mis- 
sissippi to New Orleans. Whatever Abraham Lin- 
coln undertook, he performed so faithfully as to give 
great satisfaction to his emr>lovers. In this ad\'c;i 



ture his employers were so well pleased, that upon 
his ret arn they placed a store and mill under his care. 

In 1832, at the outbreak of the Black Hawk war, he 
enlisted and was chosen captain of a company. He 
returned to Sangamon County, and although only 23 
years of age, was a candidate for the Legislature, but 
was defeated. He soon after received from Andrew 
lackson the appointment of Postmaster of New Salem, 
His only post-office was his hat. All the letters he 
received he carried there ready to deliver to those 
he chanced to meet. He studied surveying, and soon 
made this his business. In 1834 he again became a 
candidate for the Legislature, and was elected Mr. 
Stuart, of Springfield, advised him to study law. He 
walked from New Salem to Springfield, borrowed of 
Mr. Stuart a load of books, carried them back and 
began his legal studies. When the Legislature as- 
sembled he trudged on foot with his pack on his back 
one hundred miles to Vandalia, then the capital. In 
1836 he was re-elected to the Legislature. Here it 
was he first met Stephen A. Douglas. In 1839 he re- 
moved to Springfield and began the practice of law. 
His success with the jury was so great that he was 
soon engaged in almost ever)' noted case in the circuit. 

In 1854 the great discussion began between Mr. 
Lincoln and Mr. Douglas, on the slavery question. 
In the organization of the Republican party in Illinois, 
in 1856, he took an active part, and at once became 
one of the leaders in that party. Mr. Lincoln's 
speeches in opposition to Senator Douglas in the con- 
test in 1858 for a seat in the Senate, form a most 
notable part of his history. The issue was on the 
slavery que-tion, and lie took the broad ground of 
he Declaration of Independence, that all men are 
created equal. Mr. Lincoln was defeated in this con- 
test, but won a far higher prize. 

The great Republican Convention met at Chicago 
on the 16th of June, i860. The delegates and 
strangers who crowded the city amounted to twenty- 
five thousand. An immense building called "The 
Wigwam," was reared to accommodate the Conven- 
rion. There were eleven candidates for whom votes 
were thrown. William H Seward, a man whose fame 
as a statesman had long filled the land, was the most 
orominent It was generally supposed he would be 
the nominee. Abraham Lincoln, however, received 
the nomination on the third ballot. Little did he then 
dream of the weary years of toil and care, and the 
bloody death, n which that nomination doomed him: 
and as little did he dream that he was to render services 
;o his country, which would fix upon him the eyes of 
the whole civilized world, and which would give him 
a place in the affections of his countrymen, second 
cnlv, if second, to that of Washington. 

Election day came and Mr. Lincoln received 180 
electoral voles out of 203 cast, and was. therefore, 
constitutionally elected President of the United States. 
The tirade of abuse that was poured upon this good 

and merciful man, especially by the slaveholders, was 
greater than upon any other man ever elected to this 
high position. In February, 186 1, Mr. Lincoln started 
for Washington, stopping in all the large cities on his 
way making speeches. The whole journey was fraught 
with much danger. Many of the Southern States had 
already seceded, and several attempts at assassination 
were afterwards brought to light. A gang in Balti- 
more had arranged, upon his arrival to" get up a row," 
and in the confusion to make sure of his death with 
revolvers and hand-grenades. A detective unravelled 
the plot. A secret and special train was provided tc 
take him from HarrisL-urg, through Baltimore, at ar 
unexpected hour of the night. The train started at 
half-past ten ; and to prevent any possible communi- 
cation on the part ot the Secessionists with their Co 
federate gang in Baltimore, as soon as the train hac. 
started the telegraph-wires were cut. Mr. Lincoln 
reached Washington in safety and was inaugurated, 
although great anxiety was felt by all loyal people 

In the selection of his cabinet Mr. Lincoln gave 
to Mr Seward the Department of State, and to other 
prominent opponents before the convention he gave 
important positions. 

During no other administration have the duties 
devolving upon the President been so manifold, and 
the responsibilities so great, as those which fell to 
the lot of President Lincoln. Knowing this, and 
feeling his own weakness and inability to meet, and in 
his own strength to cope with, the difficulties, he 
learned early to seek Divine wisdom and guidance in 
determining his plans, and Divine comfort in all his 
trials, bo'h personal and national Contrary to his 
own estimate of himself. Mr. Lincoln was one of the 
most courageous of men. He went directly into the^ 
rebel capital just as the retreating foe was leaving, 
with no guard but a few sailors. From the time he 
had left Springfield, in 1861, however, plans had been 
made f >x his assassination,and he at last fell a victim 
to o.ieof them. April 14, 1865. he, with Gen. Grant, 
was urgently invited to attend Fords' Theater. It 
was announced that they would t.e present. Gen. 
Grant, however, left the city. President Lincoln, feel- 
ing, witn his characteristic kindliness of heart, that 
it would be a disappointment if he should fail them, 
verv reluctantly consented to go. While listening to 
the play an actor by the name of John Wilkes Booth 
entered the box where the President and family were 
seated, and fired a bullet into his brains. He died the 
next morning at seven o'clock. 

Never before, in the history of the world was a nation 
plunged into such deep grief by the death of its ruler. 
Strong men met in the streets and wept in speechless 
anguish. It is not too much to say that a nation was 
in tears. His was a life which will filly become a 
model. His name as the savior of his country will 
live with that of Washington's, iis father; his country- 
men being unable to decide which is ti>e greater. 






ViY O K W, V( ,ir)-ai>f?5Q 

^"fes^r ^r' 




. .eenth President of the United 
^States. The early life of 
Andrew Johnson contains but 
the record of poverty, destitu- 
tion and friendlessness. He 
was born December 29, 180S, 
in Raleigh, N. C. His parents, 
belonging to the class of the 
"poor whites " of the South, were 
in such circumstances, that they 
could not confer even the slight- 
est advantages of education upon 
their child. When Andrew was five 
years of age, his father accidentally 
lost nis life while herorically endeavoring to save a 
friend from drowning. Until ten years of age, Andrew 
was a ragged boy about the streets, supported by the 
labor of his mother, who obtained her living with 
her own hands. 

He then, having never attended a school one day, 
and being unable either to read or write, was ap- 
prenticed to a tailor in his native town. A gentleman 
was in the habit of going to the tailor's shop occasion- 
ally, and reading to the boys at work there. He often 
read from the speeches of distinguished British states- 
men. Andrew, who was endowed with a mind of more 
than ordinary native ability, became much interested 
in these speeches ; his ambition was roused, and he 
was inspired with a strong desire to learn to read. 

He accordingly applied himself to the alphabet, and 
with the assistance of some of his fellow-woikmen, 
^earned his letters. He then called upon the gentle- 
man to borrow the book of speeches. The owner, 

pleased with his zeal, not only gave him che book 
but assisted him in learning to combine the letter: 
into words. Under such difficulties he pressed o.. 
ward laboriously, spending usually ten or twelve hours 
at work in the shop, and then robbing himself of rest 
and recreation to devote such time as he could to 

He went to Tennessee in 1826, and located a' 
Greenville, where he married a young lady who pus 
sessed some education. Under her instructions he 
learned to write and cipher. He became prominent 
in the village debating society, and a favorite with 
the students of Greenville College. In 1828, he or- 
ganized a working man's party, which elected him 
alderman, and in 1830 elected him mayor, which 
position he held three years. 

He now began to take a lively interest in political 
affairs ; identifying himself with the working-classes, 
to which he belonged. In 1S35, he was elected a 
member of the House of Representatives of Tennes- 
see. He was then just twenty-seven years of age. 
He became a very active member of the legislature 
gave his adhesion to the Democratic party, and in 
1840 "stumped the State," advocating Martin Van 
Buren's claims to the Presidency, in opposition to thos.. 
of Gen. Harrison. In this campaign he acquired much 
readiness as a speaker, and extended and increased 
his reputation. 

In 1841, he was elected State Senator; in 1843, he 
was elected a member of Congress, and by successive 
elections, held that important post for ten years In 
1853, he was elected Governor of Tennessee, and 
was re-elected in 1855. In all these responsible (Kisi 
tions, he discharged his duties with distinguished ab-.. 

8 4 

A NDRE 1 1 ' fOHNSON. 

ity, and proved himself the warm friend of the work- 
ing classes. In 1857, Mr. Johnson was elected 
United States Senator. 

Years before, in 1845, he had warmly advocated 
the annexation of Texas, stating however, as his 
reason, that he thought this annexation would prob- 
ably prove " to be the gateway out of which the sable 
sons of Africa are to pass from bondage to freedom, 
and become merged in a population congenial to 
themselves." In 1850, he also supported the com- 
promise measures, the two essential features of which 
were, that the white people of the Territories should 
be permitted to decide for themselves whether they 
would enslave the colored people or not, and that 
the f ree States of the North should return to the 
South persons who attempted to escape from slavery. 

Mr. Johnson was never ashamed of his lowly origin: 
on the contrary, he often took pride in avowing that 
he owed his distinction to his own exertions. "Sir," 
said he on the floor of the Senate, ,; I do not forget 
that I am a mechanic ; neither do I forget that Adam 
was a tailor and sewed fig-leaves, and that our Sav- 
ior was the son of a carpenter." 

In the Charleston- Baltimore convention of rSc-o, ne 
was the choice of the Tennessee Democrats for the 
Presidency. In 186 1, when the purpose of the South- 
ern Democracy became apparent, he took a decided 
stand in favor of the Union, and held that " slavery 
must be held subordinate to the Union at whatever 
cost." He returned to Tennessee, and repeatedly 
imperiled his own life to protect the Unionists of 
Tennesee. Tennessee having seceded from the 
Union, President Lincoln, on March 4th, 1862, ap- 
pointed him Military Governor of the State, and lie 
established the most stringent military rule. His 
numerous proclamations attracted wide attention. In 
TS64, he was elected Vice-President of the United 
States, and upon the death of Mr. Lincoln, April 15, 
1865, became President. In a speech two days later 
he said, " The American people must be taught, if 
Jhey do not already feel, that treason is a crime and 
must be punished; that the Government will not 
always bear with its enemies ; that it is strong not 
only to protect, but to punish. * * The people 
must understand that it (treason) is the blackest of 
crimes, and will surely be punished." Yet his whole 
administration, the history of which is so well known, 
was in utter inconsistency with, and the most violent 

opposition to. the principles laid down in that speech. 

In his loose policy of reconstruction and general 
amnesty, he was opposed by Congress; and he char- 
acterized Congress as a new rebellion, and lawlessly 
defied ii, in everything possible, to the utmost. In 
the beginning of 1868, on account of "high crimes 
and misdemeanors," the principal of which was the 
removal of Secretary Stanton, in violation of the Ten- 
ure of Office Act, articles of impeachment were pre- 
ferred against him, and the trial began March 23. 

It was very tedious, continuing for nearly three 
months. A test article of the impeachment was at 
length submitted to the court for its action. It was 
certain that as the court voted upon that article so 
would it vote upon all. Thirty-four voices pronounced 
the President guilty. As a two-thirds vote was neces- 
sary to his condemnation, he was pronounced ac- 
quitted, notwithstanding the great majority against 
him. The change of one vote from the not guilty 
side would have sustained the impeachment. 

The President, for the remainder of his term, was 
but little regarded. He continued, though impotent';', 
his conflict with Congress. His own party did not 
think it expedient to renominate him for the Presi- 
dency. The Nation rallied, with enthusiasm unpar- 
alleled since the day s of Washington, around the name 
of Gen. Grant. Andrew Johnson was forgotten. 
The bullet of the assassin introduced him to the 
President's chair. Notwithstanding this, never was 
there presented to a man a better opportunity to im- 
mortalize his name, and to win the gratitude of a 
nation. He failed utterly. He retired to his home 
in Greenville, Tenn., taking no very active part in 
politics until 1875 On Jan. 26, after an exciting 
struggle, he was chosen by the Legislature of Ten- 
nessee, United States Senator in the forty-fourth Con- 
gress, and took his seat in that body, at the special 
session convened by President Grant, on the 5th of 
March. On the 27th of July, 1875, the ex-President 
made a visit to his daughter's home, near Carter 
Station, Tenn. When he started on his journey, he was 
apparently in his usual vigorous health, but on reach- 
ing the residence of his child the following day, was 
stricken with paralysis, rendering him unconscious. 
He rallied occasionally, but finally passed away at 
2 a.m., July 31, aged sixty-seven years. His fun- 
eral was attended at Geenville, on the 3d of August, 
witli every demonstration of respect. 





*v x v v- >^ • 


Pl\? ly! 


$ eighteenth President of the 
'United States, was born on 
the 29th of April, 1S22, of 
Christian parents, in a humble 
home, at Point Pleasant, on the 
banks of the Ohio. Shortly after 
his father moved to George- 
town, Brown Co., O. In this re- 
mote frontier hamlet, Ulysses 
received a common-school edu- 
cation. At the age of seven- 
teen, in the year 1839, he entered 
the Military Academy at West 
Point. Here he was regarded as a 
soiid, sensible young man of fair abilities, and of 
sturdy, honest character. He took respectable rank 
as a scholar. In June, 1843, he graduated, about the 
middle in his class, and was sent as lieutenant of in- 
fantry to one of the distant military posts in the Mis- 
souri Territory. Two years he past in these dreary 
solitudes, watching the vagabond and exasperating 

The war with Mexico came. Lieut. Grant was 
sent with his regiment to Corpus Christi. His first 
battle was at Palo Alto. There was no chance here 
for the exhibition of either skill or heroism, nor at 
Resaca de la Palma, his second battle. At the battle 
r,f Monterey, his third engagement, it is said that 
ie performed a signal service of daring and skillful 
horsemanship. His brigade had exhausted its am- 
munition. A messenger must be sent for mere, along 
a route exposed to the bullets of the foe. Lieut. 
Grant, adopting an expedient learned of the Indians, 
grasped the mane of his horse, and hanging upon one 
side of the animal, ran the gauntlet in entire safety. 


From Monterey he was sent, with the fourth infantry, 
10 aid Gen. Scott, at the siege of Vera Cruz. In 
preparation for the march to the city of Mexico, he 
was appointed quartermaster of his regiment. At the 
battle of Molino del Rev, he was promoted to a 
first lieutenancy, and was brevetted captain at Cha- 

At the close of the Mexican War, Capt. Grant re- 
turned with his regiment to New York, and was again 
sent to one of the military posts on the frontier. The 
discovery of gold in California causing an immense 
tide of emigration to flow to the Pacific shores, Capt. 
Grant was sent with a battalion to Fort Dallas, in 
Oregon, for the protection of the interests of the im- 
migrants. Life was wearisome in those wilds. Capt. 
Grant resigned his commission and returned to the 
States; and having married, entered upon the cultiva- 
tion of a small farm near St. Louis, Mo. He had but 
little skill as a farmer. Finding his toil not re- 
munerative, he turned to mercantile life, entering into 
the leather business, with a younger brother, at Ga- 
lena, 111. This was in the year i860. As the tidings 
of the rebels firing on Fort Sumpter reached the ears 
of Capt. Grant in his counting-room, he said, — 
"Uncle Sam has educated me for the armv : though 
I have served him through one war, 1 do not fe* 1 that 
I have yet repaid the debt. 1 am still ready to discharge 
my obligations. I shall therefore buckle on my fcword 
and see Uncle Sam through this war too." 

He went into the streets, raised a company of vol- 
unteers, and led them as their captain to Springfield, 
the capital of the State, where their services were 
offered to Gov. Yates. The Governor, impressed by 
the zeal and straightforward executive ability of Capt. 
Grant, gave him a desk in his office, to assist in the 
volunteer organization that was being formed in the 
State in behalf of the Government. On the 15th cf 



June, 1861, Capt. Grant received a commission as 
Colonel of the Twenty-first Regiment of Illinois Vol- 
unteers. His merits as a West Point graduate, who 
had served for 15 years in the regular army, were such 
that he was soon promoted to the rank of Brigadier- 
General and was placed in command at Cairo. The 
rebels raised their banner at Paducah, near the mouth 
of the Tennessee River. Scarcely had its folds ap- 
peared in the breeze ere Gen. Grant was there. The 
rebels fled. Their banner fell, and the star and 
stripes were unfurled in its stead. 

He entered the service with great determination 
and immediately began active duty. This was the be- 
ginning, and until the surrender of Lee at Richmond 
he was ever pushing the enemy with gTeat vigor and 
effectiveness. At Belmont, a few days later, he sur- 
prised and routed the rebels, then at Fort Henry 
won another victory. Then came the brilliant fight 
at Fort Donelson. The nation was electrified by the 
victory, and the brave leader of the boys in blue was 
immediately made a Major-General, and the military 
listrict of Tennessee was assigned to him. 

Like all great captains, Gen. Grant knew well how 
to secure the results of victory. He immediately 
Dushed on to the enemies' lines. Then came the 
terrible battles of Pittsburg Landing, Corinth, and the 
siege of Vicksburg. where Gen. Pemberton made an 
unconditional surrender of the city with over thirty 
thousand men and one-hundred and seventy-two can- 
non. The fall of Vicksburg was by far the most 
severe blow whicli the rebels had thus far encountered, 
and opened up the Mississippi from Cairo to the Gulf. 

Gen. Grant was next ordered to co-operate with 
Gen. Banks in a movement upon Texas, and pro- 
ceeded to Xew Orleans, where he was thrown from 
his horse, and received severe injuries, from which he 
was laid up for months. He then rushed to the aid 
of Gens. Rosecrans and Thomas at Chattanooga, and 
by a wonderful series of strategic and technical meas- 
ures put the Union Army in fighting condition. Then 
followed the bioody battles at Chattanooga, Lookout 
Mountain and Missionary Ridge, in which the rebels 
were routed with great loss. This won for him un- 
bounded praise in the North. On the 4th of Febru- 
ary, 1864, Congress revived the grade of lieutenant- 
general, and the rank was conferred on Gen. Grant. 
He repaired to Washington to receive his credentials 
and enter upon th* duties of his new office 

Gen. Grant decided as soon as he took charge of 
the army to concentrate the widely-dispersed National 
troops for an attack upon Richmond, the nominal 
capital of the Rebellion, and endeavor there to de- 
stroy the rebel armies which would be promptly as- 
sembled from all quarters for its defence. The whole 
continent seemed to tremble under the tramp of these 
majestic armies, rushing to the decisive battle field. 
Steamers were crowded with troops. Railway trains 
were burdened with closely packed thousands. His 
plans were comprehensive and involved a series of 
campaigns, which were executed with remarkable en- 
ergy and ability, and were consummated at the sur- 
render of Lee, April 9, 1S65. 

The war was ended. The Union was saved. The 
almost unanimous voice of the Nation declared Gen. 
Grant to be the most prominent instrument in its sal- 
vation. The eminent services he had thus rendered 
the country brought him conspicuously forward as the 
Republican candidate for the Presidential chair. 

At the Republican Convention held at Chicago. 
May 2i, 186S, he was unanimously nominated for the 
Presidency, and at the autumn election received a 
majority of the popular vote, and 214 out of 294 
electoral votes. 

The National Convention of the Republican party 
which met at Philadelphia on the 5th of June, 1S72, 
placed Gen. Grant in nomination for a second term 
by a unanimous vote. The selection was emphati- 
cally indorsed by the people five months later, 292 
electoral votes being cast for him. 

Soon after the close of his second term, Gen. Grant 
started upon his famous trip around the world. He 
visited almost every country of the civilized world, 
and was everywhere received wiih such ovations 
and demonstrations of respect and honor, private 
as well as public and official, as were never before 
bestowed upon any citizen of the United States. 

He was the most prominent candidate before the 
Republican National Convention in 1880 for a re- 
nomination for President. He went to New York and 
embarked in the brokerage business under the firm 
nameof Grant & Ward. The latter proved a villain, 
wrecked Grant's fortune, and for larceny was sent to 
the penitentiary. The General was attacked with 
cancer in the throat, but suffered in his stoic-like 
manner, never complaining. He was re-instated as 
General of the Army and retired by Congress. The 
cancer soon finished its deadly work, and July 23, 
1885, the nation went in mourning over the death of 
the illustrious General. 







r-.,'i •-,y.,y.,y. ', •..y..y.,y.,'. •■■',■;,■,■•.,' , ■. ■, ■. ':-:' : ,< : ,< : ,< : ,< ;v .• v : ,' : ,>,.- i ^>«^»«^>^><^ i 



the nineteenth President of 
the United States, was born in 
Delaware, O., Oct. 4, 1822, al- 
most three months after the 
^ death of his father, Rutherford 
Hayes. His ancestry on both 
the paternal and maternal sides, 
was of the most honorable char- 
acter. It can be traced, it is said, 
as far back as 1280, when Hayes and 
Rutherford were two Scottish chief- 
tains, fighting side by side with 
Baliol, William Wallace and Robert 
Bruce. Both families belonged to the 
nobility, owned extensive estates, 
and had a large following. Misfor- 
.une cv-.uaking the family, George Hayes left Scot- 
.and in 1680, and settled in Windsor, Conn. His son 
George was. born in Windsor, and remained there 
during his life. Daniel Hayes, son of the latter, mar- 
ried Sarah Lee, and lived from the time of his mar- 
riage until his death in Simsbury, Conn. Ezekiel, 
son of Daniel, was born in 1724, and was a manufac- 
turer of scythes at Bradford, Conn. Rutherford Hayes, 
son of Ezekiel and grandfather of President Hayes, was 
born in New Haven, in August, 1756. He was a farmer, 
blacksmith and tavern-keeper. He emigrated to 
Vermont at an unknown date, settling in Brattleboro, 
where he established a hotel. Here his son Ruth- 
erford Hayes the father of President Hayes, was 

born. He was married, in September, 1 8 1 3, to Sophia 
Birchard, of Wilmington, Vt., whose ancestors emi- 
grated thither from Connecticut, they having been 
among the wealthiest and best famlies of Norwich. 
Her ancestry on the male side are traced back to 
1635, to John Birchard, one of the principal founders 
of Norwich. Both of her grandfathers were soldiers 
in the Revolutionary War. 

The father of President Hayes was an industrious 
frugal and opened-hearted man. He was of a me 
chanical turn, and could mend a plow, knit a stock- 
ing, or do almost anything else that he choose to 
undertake. He was a member of the Church, active 
in all the benevolent enterprises of the town, and con- 
ducted his business on Christian principles. After 
the close of the war of 1812, for reasons inexplicable 
to his neighbors, he resolved to emigrate to Ohio. 

The journey from Vermont to Ohio in that day 
when there were no canals, steamers, nor railways, 
was a very serious affair. A tour of inspection was 
first made, occupying four months. Mr. Hayes deter 
mined to move to Delaware, where the family arrived 
in 1817. He died July 22, 1822, a victim of malarial 
fever, less than three months before the birth of the 
son, of whom we now write. Mrs. Hayes, in her sore be- 
reavement, found the support she so much needed in 
her brother Sardis, who had been a member of the 
household from the day of its departure from Ver- 
mont, and in an orphan girl whom she had adopted 
some time before as an act of charity. 

Mrs. Hayes at this period was very weak, and the 

9 2 


subject of this sketch was so feeble at birth that he 
was not expected to live beyond a month or two at 
most. As the months went by he grew weaker and 
weaker, so that the neighbors were in the habit of in- 
quiring from time to time l: if Mrs. Hayes' baby died 
last night.'' On one occasion a neighbor, who was on 
familiar terms with the family, after alluding to the 
boy's big head, and the mother's assiduous care of 
lira, said in a bantering way, " That's right ! Stick to 
him. You have got him along so far, and 1 shouldn't 
wonder if he would really come to something yet." 

" You reed not laugh," said Mrs. Hayes. "You 
vait and see. You can't tell but I shall make him 
President of the United States yet." The boy lived, 
in spite of the universal predictions of his speedy 
death; and when, in 1S25, his older brother was 
drowned, he became, if possible, still dearer to his 

The boy was seven years old before he went 10 
school. His education, however, was not neglected. 
He probably learned as much from his mother and 
: ister as he would have done at school. His sports 
were almost wholly within doors, his playmates being 
his sister and her associates. These circumstances 
tended, no doubt, to foster that gentleness of dispo- 
sition, and that delicate consideration for the feelings 
of others, which are marked traits of his character. 

His uncle Sardis Birchard took the deepest interest 
in his education; and as the boy's health had im- 
proved, and he was making good progress in his 
studies, he proposed to send him to college. His pre- 
paration commenced with a tutor at home; but he- 
was afterwards sent for one year to a professor in the 
Wesleyan University, in Middletown, Conn. He en- 
tered Kenyon College in 1838,31 the age of sixteen, 
and was graduated at the head of his class in 1842. 

Immediately after his graduation he began the 
study of law in the office of Thomas Sparrow, Esq., 
in Columbus. Finding his opportunities for study in 
Columbus somewhat limited, he determined to enter 
the Law School at Cambridge, Mass., where he re- 
mained two years. 

In 1 S45, after graduating at the Law School, he was 
admitted to the bar at Marietta, Ohio, and shortly 
afterward went into practice as an attorney-at-law 
with Ralph P. Buckland, of Fremont. Here he re- 
mained three years, acquiring but a limited practice, 
and apparently unambitious of distinction in his pro- 

In 1S49 he moved to Cincinnati, where his ambi- 
tion found a new stimulus. For several years, how- 
ever, his progress was slow. Two events, occurring at 
this period, had a powerful influence iq>on his subse- 
quent "!fe. One of these was his marrage with Miss 
Lucy Ware Webb, daughter of Dr. James Webb, of 
Chilicothe; the other was his introduction to the Cin- 
cinnati Literary Club, a body embracing among its 
members such men asTiief Justice Salmon P.Chase, 

Gen. John Pope, Gov. Edward F. Noyes, and many 
others hardly less distinguished in after life. The 
marriage was a fortunate one in every respect, as 
everybody knows. Not one of all the wives of our 
Presidents was more universally admired, reverenced 
and beloved than was Mis. Hayes, and no one did 
more than she to reflect honor upon American woman 
hood. The Literary Cluo brought Mr. Haye: into 
constant association with young men of high char 
acter and noble aims, and lured him to display the 
qualities so long hidden by his bashfulne:s and 

In 1856 he was nominated to the office of Judgi o'" 
the Court of Common Pleas; but he declined to ac- 
cept the nomination. Two years later, the office of 
city solicitor becoming vacant, the City Coitncii. 
elected him for the unexpired term. 

In 1 861, when the Rebellion broke out, he was a!" 
the zenith of his professional !if_. His rank at the 
bar was among the the first. But the news of the 
attack on Fort Sumpter found him eager to take '10 
arms for the defense of his country. 

His military record was bright ard illustrious. In 
October, 186 1, he was made Lieutenant-Colonel, and 
in August, rS62, promoted Colonel of the 79th Ohio 
regiment, but he refused to leave his old comrades 
and go among strangers. Subsequently, however, It*. 
was made Colonel of his old regiment. At the battle 
of South Mountain he received a wound, and while 
faint and bleeding displayed courage end fortitude 
that won admiration from all. 

Col. Hayes was detached from his regiment, after 
his recovery, to act as Brigadier-General, and placed 
in command of the celebrated Kanawha division, 
and for gallant and meritorious services in the battles 
of Winchester, Fisher's Hill and Cedar Creek, he was 
promoted Brigadier-General. He was also brevetted 
Major-General, "for gallant and distinguished f trvices 
during the campaigns of 1864. in West Virginia." In 
the course of his arduous services, four horses were 
shot from under him, and he was wounded four times 

In 1864, Gen. Hayes was elected to Congress, from 
the Second Ohio District, which had long been Dem- 
ocratic. He was not present during the campaign, 
and after his election was importuned to resign his 
commission in the army; but. he finally declared, "I 
shall never come to Washington until I can come by 
the way of Richmond." He was re-elected in 1866. 

In 1867, Gen Hayes was elected Governor of Ohio, 
over Hon. Allen G. Thurman, a populm Democrat. 
In 1869 was re-elected over George H. Pendleton. 
He was elected Governor for the third term in 1875. 

In 1876 he was the standard bearer of the Repub- 
lican Party in the Presidential contest, and after a 
hard long contest was chosen President, and was in 
augurated Monday, March 5, 1875. He served his 
full term, not, however, with satisfaction to his party, 
but his administration was an average or- • 

T i ! "£ . \ TIE TH PRESIDED " T. 

I" J MliE® A . G A R F I E LD .1 



UlL tieth President cf the United 


States was born Nov. 19, 
1S31, i;i the woods of Orange, 
aoga Co., O His par- 
ents were Abram and Eliza 
(Ballou) Garfield, both of New 
England ancestry and from fami- 
lies well known in the early his- 
tory of that section of our coun- 
try, but had moved to the Western 
Reserve, in Ohio, early in its settle- 

The house in which James A. was 
bom was not unlike the houses of 
poor Ohio farmers of that day. It 
..; about ^0x30 feet, built of logs, with the spaces be- 
n the logs filled with clay. His father was a 
_.ard working farmer, and he soon had his fields 
deared, an orchard planted, and a log barn built. 
fhe household comprised the father and mother and 
heir four children — Mehetabel, Thomas, Mary and 
~ames. In May, 1823 the father, from a cold con- 
tacted in helping to put out a forest fire. died. At 
diis time James was about eighteen months old, and 
Thomas about ten years old. No one, perhaps, can 
:ell how much James was indebted to his biother's 
toil and self-sacrifice during the twenty years 
ceeding his father's death, but undoubtedly very 
much. He now lives in Michigan, and the two sis- 
ters live in Solon, O., near their birthplace. 

The early educational advantages young Garfield 
enjoyed were very limited, yet he made the most of 
ihem. He labored at farm work for others, did car- 
penter work, chopped wood, or did anything that 
would bring in a few dollars to aid his widowed 
mother in he' struggles to keep the little family to- 

gether. Xor was Gen. Garfield ever ashamed of hi= 
origin, and he never forgot the friends of his strug- 
gling childhood, youth and manhood, neither did they 
ever forget him. When in the highest seats of honor 
the humblest friend of his boyhood was as kindly 
greeted as ever. The poorest laborer was sureof the 
sympathy of one who had known all the bitterness 
of want and the sweetness of bread earned by the 
sweat of the brow. He was ever the simple, plain, 
modest gentleman. 

The highest ambition of young Garfield until hi 
was about sixteen years old was to be a captain of 
a vessel on Lake Etie. He was anxious to go aboard 
a vessel, which his mother strongly opposed. She 
finally consented to his going to Cleveland, with th 3 
understanding, however, that he should try to obtaii 
some other kind of employment. He walked all the 
j Cleveland. This was his first visit to the city 
After making many applications for work, and trying 
to get aboard a lake vessel, and not meeting with 
success, he engaged as a driver for his cousin, Amos 
Letcher, on the Ohio &: Pennsylvania Canal. He re- 
mained at this work but a short time when he wen 
home, and attended the seminary at Chester fcr 
about three years, when he entered Hiram and the 
Eclectic Institute, teaching a few terms of school in 
the meantime, and doing other work. This school 
was started by the Disciples of Christ in 1850, of 
which church he was then a member. He became 
janitor and bell-ringer in order to help pay his wa\ 
He then became both teacher and pupil. He soon 
" exhausted Hiram " and needed more ; hence, in the 
fall of 1S54, he entered Williams College, from which 
he graduated in 1S56, taking one of the highest hon- 
ors of his class. He afterwards returned to Hiram 
College as its President. As above stated, he early 
united with the Christian or Diciples Church at 
Hiram, and was ever after a devoted, zealous mem- 
ber, often preaching in its pulpit and places where 
he happened to be. Dr. Noah Porter, President of 
Vale College, savs cf him in reference to his relicion : 



" President Garfield was more than a man of 
strong moral and religious convictions. His whole 
history, from boyhood to the last, shows that duty to 
man and to God, and devotion to Christ and life and 
faith and spiritual commission were controlling springs 
of his being, and to a more than usual degree. In 
_ny judgment there is no more interesting feature of 
nis character than his loyal allegiance to the body of 
Christians in which he was trained, and the fervent 
sympathy which he ever showed in their Christian 
communion. Not many of the few 'wise and mighty 
and noble who are called' show a similar loyalty to 
the less stately and cultured Christian communions 
in which they have been reared. Too often it is true 
that as they step upward in social and political sig- 
nificance they step upward from one degree to 
another in some of the many types of fashionable 
Christianity. President Garfield adhered to the 
:hurch of his mother, the church in which he was 
trained, and in which he served as a pillar and an 
evangelist, and yet with the largest and most unsec- 
'arian charity for all 'who love our Lord in sincerity.'" 

Mr. Garfield was united in marriage with Miss 
Lucretia Rudolph, Nov. 1 1, 1858, who proved herself 
worthy as the wife of one whom all the world loved and 
mourned. To them were born seven children, five of 
whom are still living, four boys and one girl. 

Mr. Garfield made his first political speeches in 1856, 
in Hiram and the neighboring villages, and three 
years later he began to speak at county mass-meet- 
ings, and became the favorite speaker wherever he 
was. During this year he was elected to the Ohio 
Senate. He also began to study law at Cleveland, 
and in 186 1 was admitted to the bar. The great 
Rebellion broke out in the early part of this year, 
and Mr. Garfield at once resolved to fight as he had 
talked, and enlisted to defend the old flag. He re- 
ceived his commission as Lieut. -Colonel of the Forty- 
second Regiment of Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Aug. 
14, 1 86 1. He was immediately put into active ser- 
vice, and before he had ever seen a gun fired in acrion, 
was placed in command of four regiments of infantry 
and eight companies of cavalry, charged with the 
work of driving out of his native State the officer 
'Humphrey Marshall) reputed to be the ablest of 
those, not educated to war whom Kentucky had given 
to the Rebellion. This work was bravely and speed- 
ily accomplished, although against great odds. Pres- 
ident Lincoln, on his success commissioned him 
Brigadier-General, Jan. 10, 1862; and as "he had 
'■>een the youngest man in the Ohio Senate two years 
oefore, so now he was the youngest General in the 
army." He was with Gen. Buell's army at Shiloh, 
in its operations around Corinth and its march through 
Alabama. He was then detailed as a member of the 
General Court-Martial for the trial of Gen. Fitz-John 
Porter. He was then ordered to report to Gen. Rose- 
crans, and was assigned to the "Chief of Staff." 

The military history of Gen. Garfield closed with 

his brilliant services at Chickamauga, where he won 
the stars of the Major-General. 

Without an effort on his part Gev Garfield was 
elected to Congress in the fall of 1862 from the 
Nineteenth District of Ohio. This section of Ohio 
had been represented in Congress for sixty years 
mainly by two men — Elisha Whittlesey and Joshua 
R. Giddings. It was not without a struggle that he 
resigned his place in the army. At the time he en- 
tered Congress he was the youngest member in that 
body. There he remained by successive re- 
elections until he was elected President in 1880. 
Of his labors in Congress Senator Hoar says : " Since 
the year 1864 you cannot think of a question which 
has been debated in Congress, or discussed before t. 
tribunel of the American people, in regard to whici, 
you will not find, if you wish instruction, the argu~ 
ment on one side stated, in almost every instance 
better than by anybody else, in some speech made in 
the House of Representatives or- on the hustings by 
Mr. Garfield." 

Upon Jan. 14, 1880, Gen. Garfield was elected to 
the U. S. Senate, and on the eighth of June, of the 
same year, was nominated as the candidate of his 
party for President at the great Chicago Convention. 
He was elected in the following November, and on 
March 4, 1881, was inaugurated. Probably no ad- 
ministration ever opened its existence under brighter 
auspices than that of President Gailield, and every 
day it grew in favo; with the people, and by the first 
of July he had completed all the initiatory and pre- 
liminary work of his administration and was prepar- 
ing to leave the city to meet his friends at Williams 
College. While on his way and at the depot, in com- 
pany with Secretary Blaine, a man stepped behind 
him, drew a revolver, and fired directly at his back. 
The President tottered and fell, and as he did so the 
assassin fired a second shot, the bullet cutting the 
left coat sleeve of his victim, but inflicting no further 
injury. It has been very truthfully said that this was 
" the shot that was heard round the world " Never 
before in the history of the Nation had anything oc- 
curred which so nearly froze the blood of the peopi? 
for the moment, as this awful deed. He was smit- 
ten on the brightest, gladdest day of all his life, and 
was at the summit of his power and hope. For eighty 
days, all during the hot months of July and August, 
he lingered and suffered. He, however, remained 
master of himself till the last, and by his magnificent 
bearing was teaching the country and the world the 
noblest of human lessons — how to live grandly in the 
very clutch of death. Great in life, he was surpass- 
ingly great in death. He passed serenely away Sept. 
19, 1S83, at Elberon, N. J., on the very bank of the 
ocean, where he had been taken shortly previous. The 
world wept at his death, as it never had done on the 
death of any other man who had ever lived upon it. 
The murderer was duly tried, found guilty and exe- 
cuted, in one year after he committed the foui deed. 




twenty-first Presi^-ut of the 

'United States was born in 

Franklin Courty, Vermont, on 

the fifth of Oc'ober, 1830. and is 

Vj^^iSS-f^ ■ the oldest of a family of two 

sons and five daughters. His 

father was the Rev. Dr. William 

Arthur, a Baptistd .rgyman, whi> 

emigrated to tb.s country from 

the county Antrim, Ireland, in 

his 1 8th year, and died in 1875, in 

Newton ville, neai Albany, after a 

long and successful ministry 

Young Arthur was educated at 
Union College, S< henectady, where 
he excelled in all his studies. Af- 
ter his graduation he taught school 
r^ rjHi in Vermont for two years, and at 
•^.ji^ the expiration of that time came to 
New York, with $500 in his pocket, 
and entered the office of ex-Judge 
E. D. Culver as student. After 
I being admitted to the bar he formed 
a partnership with his intimate friend and room-mate, 
Henry D. Gardiner, with the intention of practicing 
in the West, and for three months they roamed about 
in the Western States in search of an eligible site, 
but in the end returned to New York, where they 
hung out their shingle, and entered upon a success- 
ful career almost from the start. General Arthur 
soon afterward marred the daughter of Lieutenant 

Herndon, of the United States Navy, who was lost at 
sea. Congress voted a gold medal to his widow in 
recognition of the bravery he displayed on that occa- 
sion. Mrs. Arthur died shortly before Mr. Arthur s 
nomination to the Vice Presidency, leaving tuo 

Gen. Arthur obtained considerable legal celebrity 
in his first great case, the famous Lemmon suit, 
brought to recover possession of eight slaves who had 
been declared free by Judge Paine, of the Superior 
Court of New York City. It was in 1852 that Jon. 
athan Lemmon, of Virginia, went to N'ew York with 
his slaves, intending to ship them to Texas, when 
they were discovered and freed. The Judge decided 
that they could not be held by the owner under the 
Fugitive Slave Law. A howl of rage went up from 
the South, and the Virginia Legislature authorized the 
Attorney General of that State to assist in an appeal. 
Wm. M. Evarts and Chester A. Arthur were employed 
to represent the People, and they won their case, 
which then went to the Supreme Court of the United 
States. Charles O'Conor here espoused the cause 
of the slave-holders, but he too was beaten by Messrs 
Evarts and Arthur, and a long step was taken toward 
the emancipation of the black race. 

Another great service was rendered by General 
Arthur in the same cause in 1856. Lizzie Jennings, 
a respectable colored woman, was put off a Fourth 
Avenue car with violence after she had paid her fare. 
General Arthur sued on her behalf, and secured a 
verdict of $5 00 damages. The next day the compa- 
ny issued an order to admit colored persons to ride 
on their cars, and the other car companies quickly 


followed their example. Before that the Sixth A ve- 
nue Company ran a few special cars for colored per- 
sons and the other lines refused to let them ride at all. 

General Arthur was a delegate to the Convention 
at Saratoga that founded the Republican party. 
Previous to the war he was Judge- Advocate of the 
Second Brigade of the State of New York, and Gov- 
ernor Morgan, of that State, appointed him Engineer- 
in-Chief of his staff. In 1861, he was made Inspec- 
tor General, and soon afterward became Quartermas- 
ter-General. In each of these offices he rendered 
great service to the Government during the war. At 
the end of Governor Morgan's term he resumed the 
practice of the law, forming a partnership with Mr. 
Ransom, and then Mr. Phelps, the District Attorney 
of New York, was added to the firm. The legal prac- 
tice of this well-known firm was very large and lucra- 
tive, each of the gentlemen composing it were able 
lawvers, and possessed a splendid local reputation, if 
not indeed one of national extent. 

He always took a leading part in State and city 
politics. He was appointed Collector of the Port of 
New York by President Grant, Nov. 21 1872, to suc- 
ceed Thomas Murphy, and held the office until July, 
?o, 1878, when he was succeeded by Collector Merritt. 

Mr. Arthur was nominated on the Presidential 
ticket, with Gen. James A. Garfield, at the famous 
Xational Republican Convention held at Chicago in 
June, tSSo. This was perhaps the greatest political 
convention that ever assembled on the continent. It 
was composed of the 'wading politicians of the Re- 
publican party, all able men, and each stood firm and 
fought vigorously and with signal tenacity for their 
respective candidates that were before the conven- 
tion for the nomination. Finally Gen. Garfield re- 
ceived the nomination for President and Gen. Arthur 
for Yice-President. The campaign which followed 
was one of the most animated known in the history of 
our country. Gen. Hancock, the standard-bearer of 
the Democratic party, was a popular man, and his 
party made a valiant fight for his election. 

Finally the election came and the country's choice 
.vas Garfield and Arthur. They were inaugurated 
.vlarch 4, 1881, as President and Vice-President. 
\ few months only had passed ere the newly chosen 
President was the victim of the assassin's bullet. Then 
came terrible weeks of suffering, — those moments of 
anxious suspense, wher the hearts of all civilized na- 

tions were throbbing in unison, longing for the re 
covery of the noble, the good President. The remark 
able patience that he manifested during those hours 
and weeks, and even months, of the most terrible suf- 
fering man has often been called upon to endure, was 
seemingly more than human. It was God- 
like. During all this period of deepest anxiety Mr 
Arthur's every move was watched, and be it said to his 
credit that his every action displayed only an earnest 
desire that the suffering Garfield might recover, to 
serve the remainder of the term he had so auspi- 
ciously begun. Not a selfish feeling was manifested 
in deed or look of this man, even though the most 
honored position in the world .vas at any moment 
likely to fall to him. 

At last God in his mercy relieved President Gar- 
field from further suffering, and the world, as never 
before in its history over the death of any other 
man, wept at his bier. Then it became the duty of 
the Vice President to assume the responsibilities of 
the high office, and he took the oath in New York. 
Sept. 20, 1SS1. The position was an embarrassing 
one to him, made doubly so from the facts that 'all 
eyes were on him, anxious to know what he would do, 
what policy he would pursue, and who he would se- 
lect as advisers. The duties of the office had been 
greatly neglected during the President's long illness, 
and many important measures were to be immediately 
decided by him ; and still farther to embarrass him he 
did not fail to realize under what circumstances he 
became President, and knew the feelings of many on 
this point. Under these trying circumstances President 
Arthur took the reins of the Government in his own 
hands; and, as embarrassing as were the condition cl 
affairs, he happily surprised the nation, acting sc 
wisely that but few criticised his administration. 
He served the nation well and faithfully, until the 
close of his administration, March 4, 1885. and was 
a popular candidate before his party .for a second 
term. His name was ably presented before the con- 
vention at Chicago, and was received with great 
favor, and doubtless but for the personal popularity 
of one of the opposing candidates, he would have 
been selected as the standard-bearer of his party 
for another campaign. He retired to private life car- 
tying with him the best wishes of the American peo- 
ple, whom he had served in a manner satisfactory 
to them and with credit to himself. 

T^rL^T C/^uC-Cdyiy^Z 



H» (Stimn* (f\tml 

. - 

LAND, the twenty second Pres- 
ident of the United States, was 
born in 1837, in the obscure 
town of Caldwell, Essex Co., 
N. J., and in a little two-and-a- 
half-story white house which is still 
standing, characteristically to mark 
the humble birth-place of one of 
America's great men in striking con- 
trast with the Old World, where all 
men high in office must be high in 
origin and bom in the cradle of 
wealth. When the subject of this 
sketch was three years of age, his 
father, who was a Presbyterian min- 
ister, with a large family and a small salary, moved, 
by way of the Hudson River and Erie Canal, to 
Fayetteville, in search of an increased income and a 
larger field of work. Fayetteville was then the most 
straggling of country villages, about five miles from 
Pompey Hill, where Governor Seymour was born. 

At the last mentioned place young Grover com- 
menced going to school in the "good, old-fashioned 
way," and presumably distinguished himself after the 
manner of all village boys, in doing the things he 
ought not to do. Such is the distinguishing trait of 
all geniuses and independent thinkers. When he 
arrived at the age of 14 years, he had outgrown the 
capacity of the village school and expressed a most 

emphatic desire to be sent to an academy. To this 
his father decidedly objected. Academies in those 
days cost money; besides, his father wanted him to 
become self-supporting by the quickest possible 
means, and this at that time in Fayette /ille seemed 
to be a position in a country store, where his fathe" 
and the large family on his hands had considerable 
influence. Grover was to be paid $50 for his services 
I le first year, and if he proved trustworthy he was to 
receive § too the second year. Here the lad com- 
menced his career as salesman, and in two years he 
had earned so good a reputation for trustworthiness 
that his employers desired to retain him for an in 
definite length of time. Otherwise he did not ex- 
hibit as yet any particular " flashes of genius " or 
eccentricities of talent. He was simply a good boy. 
Bat instead of remaining with this firm in Fayette 
ville, he went with the family in their removal 10 
Clinton, where he had an opportunity of attending a 
high school. Here lie industriously pursued his 
studies until the family removed with him to a point 
on Black River known as the " Holland Patent,' a 
village of 500 or 600 people, 15 miles north of Utica. 
N. Y. At this place his father died, after preaching 
but three Sundays. This event broke up the family. 
and Grover set out for New York City to accept, at a 
small salary, the position of " under-teacher " in an 
asylum for the blind. He taught faithfully for two 
years, and although he obtained a good reputation in 
this capacity, he concluded that teaching was not his 


calling for life, and, reversing the traditional order, 
ne left the city to seek his fortune, instead of going 
to a city. He first thought of Cleveland, Ohio, as 
there was some charm in that name for him; but 
before proceeding to that place he went to Buffalo to 
»sk the advice of his uncle, Lewis F. Allan, a noted 
stock-breeder of that place. The latter did not 
•rpeak enthusiastically. " What is it you want to do, 
my boy? "he asked. "Well, sir, I want to study 
law," was the reply. "Good gracious!" remarked 
■ he old gentleman ; " do you, indeed ? What ever put 
that into your head? How much money have you 
got?" "Well, sir, to tell the truth, I haven't got 

After a long consultation, his uncle offered him a 
place temporarily as assistant herd-keeper, at $50 a 
year, while he could " look around." One day soon 
afterward he boldly walked into the office of Rogers, 
Bowen & Rogers, of Buffalo, and told Lhem what he 
wanted. A number of young men were already en- 
gaged in the office, but Graver's persistency won, and 
ne was finally permitted to come as an office boy and 
aave the use of the law library, for the nominal sum 
of $3 or 94 a week. Out of this he had to pay for 
his board and washing. The walk to and from his 
uncle's was a long and rugged one; and, although 
the first winter was a memorably severe one, his 
shoes were out of repair and his overcoat — he had 
none — yet he was nevertheless prompt and regular. 
On the first day of his service here, his senior em- 
ployer threw down a copy of Blackstone before him 
with a bang that made the dust fly, saying "That's 
where they all begin." A titter ran around the little 
circle of clerks and students, as they thought that 
was enough to scare young Grover out of his plans ; 
out in due time he mastered that cumbersome volume. 
Then, as ever afterward, however, Mr. Cleveland 
exhibited a talent for executiveness rather than for 
chasing principles through all their metaphysical 
possibilities. " Let us quit talking and go and do 
it," was practically his motto. 

The first public office to which Mr. Cleveland was 
eiected was that of Sheriff of Erie Co., N. Y., in 
which Buffalo is situated; and in such capacity it fell 
co his duty to inflict capital piT.ishment upon two 
caminals. In r88r he was elected Mayor of the 
City of Buffalo, on the Democratic ticket, with es- 
pecial reference to the bringing about certain reforms 

in the administration of the municipal affairs of that 
city. In this office, as well as that of Sheriff, hi-: 
performance of duty has generally been considered 
fair, with possibly a few exceptions which were fer- 
reted out and magnified during the last Presidential 
campaign. As a specimen of his plain language in 
a veto message, we quote from one vetoing an iniqui- 
tous street-cleaning contract : " This is a time foi 
plain speech, and my objection to your action shall 
be plainly stated. I regard it as the culmination of 
a mos bare-faced, impudent and shameless scheme 
to betray the interests of the peoplf. and to wors; 
than squander the people's money." The Xew York 
Sun afterward very highly commended Mr. Cleve- 
land's administration as Mayor of Buffalo, and there- 
upon recommended him for Governor of the Empire 
State. To the latter office he was elected in 18S2, 
and his administration of the affairs of State was 
generally satisfactory. The mistakes he made, if 
any, were made very public throughout the nation 
after he was nominated for President of the United 
States. For this high office he was nominated July 
ir, 18S4, by the National Democratic Convention tt 
Chicago, when other competitors were Thomas F. 
Bayard, Roswell P. Flower, Thomas A. Hendricks, 
Benjamin F. Butler, Allen G. Thurman, etc.: and he 
was elected by the people, by a majority of about a 
thousand, over the brilliant and long-tried Repub- 
lican statesman, James G. Blaine. President Cleve- 
land resigned his office as Governor of New York in 
January, 18S5, in order to prepare for his duties as 
the Chief Executive of the United States, in which 
capacity his term commenced at noon on the 4th ot 
March, 1885. For his Cabinet officers he selected 
the following gentlemen: For Secretary of State, 
Thomas F. Bayard, of Delaware ; Secretary of the 
Treasury, Daniel Manning, of New York; Secretary 
of War, William C. Endicott, of Massachusetts ; 
Secretary of the Navy, William C. Whitney, of New 
York; Secretary of the Interior, L. Q. C. Lamar, of 
Mississippi; Postmaster-General, William F. Yilas, 
of Wisconsin ; Attorney-General, A. H. Garland, of 

The silver question precipitated a controversy be- 
tween those who were in favor of the continuance of 
silver coinage and those who were opposed, Mr. 
Cleveland answering for the latter, even before his 





•c*o-g>Xi3)- < >* — 

nS iwenty-third President, is 
%? the descendant of one of the 
historical families of this 
i country. The head of the 
23 family was a Major General 
'H Harrison, one of Oliver 
Cromwell's trusted follow- 
- ad fighters. In the zenith of Crom- 
- power it became the duty of this 
Harrison to participate in the trial of 
Charles I. and afterward to sign the 
death warrant of the king. He subse- 
quently paid for this with his life, being 
hung Oct. 13. 1660. His descendants 
came to America, and the next of the 
family that appears in history is Benja- 
min I3arrison, of Virginia, great-grand- 
father of the subject of this sketch, and 
after whom he was named. Benjamin Harrison 
was a member of the Continental Congress during 
the years 1 774-5-6, and was one of the original 
signers of the Declaration of Independence. He 
wai three times elected Governor of Virginia, 
Gsn William Henry Harrison, the son of the 

distinguished patriot of the Revolution, after a suc- 
cessful career as a soldier during the War of 1812, 
and with-a clean record as Governor of the North- 
western Territory, was elected President of the 
United States in 1840. His career was cut short 
by death within one month ;.fter his inauguration. 
President Harrison was born- at North Bend, 
Hamilton Co., Ohio, Aug. :">0. 1S;>3 His life up to 
the time of his graduation by the Miami University 
at Oxford. Ohio, was the uneventful one of a coun- 
try lad of a family of small means. His father was 
able to give him a good education, and nothing 
more. He became engaged while at college to tlu 
daughter of Dr. Scott, Principal of a female schoo 
at Oxford. After graduating he determined to en- 
ter upon the study of the law. He went to Chi 
1 cinnati and then read law for two years. At the 
expiration of that time young Harrison received tt:. 
only inheritance of his life; his aunt dying left iiin; 
a lot valued at $800. He regarded this legacy as i 
fortune, and decided to get married at once, take 
this money and go to some Eastern town an . be- 
gin the practice of law. He sold his lot, and with 
the money in his pocket, he started out witii his 
3 - oung wife to fight for a place in the world. Me 



decided to go to Indianapolis, which was even at time a town of promise. He met with slight 
encouragement at first, making scarcely anything 
llie first year. He worked diligently, applying him- 
self closely to his calling, built up an extensive 
practice and took a leading rank in the legal pro- 
fession. He is the father of two children. 

In 18G0 Mr. Harrison was nominated for the 
position of Supreme Court Reporter, and then be- 
gan his experience as a stump speakei He can- 
vassed the State thoroughly, and was elected by a 
handsome majority. In 1862 he raised the 17th 
Indiana Infantry, and was chosen its Colonel. His 
regiment was composed of the rawest of material, 
out Col. Harrison employed all his time at first 
mastering military tactics and drilling his men, 
when he therefore came to move toward the East 
with Sherman his regiment was one of the best 
drilled and organized in the army. At Resaca he 
especially distinguished himself, and for his bravery 
?t Peachtree Creek he was made a Brigadier Gen- 
ial, Gen. Hooker speaking of him in the most 
complimentary terms. 

During the absence of Gen. Harrison in the field 
he Supreme Court declared the office of the Su- 
preme Court Reporter vacant, and another person 
was elected to the position. From the time of leav- 
irg Indiana with his regiment until the fall of 1864 
ne had taken no leave of absence, but having been 
nominated that year for the same office, he got a 
thirty-day leave of absence, and during that time 
made a brilliant canvass of the State, and was elected 
for another term. He then started to rejoin Sher- 
man, but on the way was stricken down with scarlet 
.ever, and after a most trying siege made his way 
to the front in time to participate in the closing 
'Incidents of the war, 

In 1868 Gen. Harrison declined " re-election as 
eporter, and resumed the practice of law. In 1876 
ie was a candidate for Governor. Although de- 
eated, the brilliant campaign he made won for him 
1 National reputation, and he was much sought, es- 
,>eeia;.y in the East, to make speeches. In 1880, 
as usual, he took an active part in the campaign, 
:<nd w:. f elected to the United States Senate. Here 
ne served six years, and ~'as known as one of the 
ibiest men, best lawyer'" and strongest debaters in 

that body. With the expiration of his Senatorial 
term he returned to the practice of his profession, 
becoming the head of one of the strongest firms in 
the State. 

The political campaign of 1888 was one of the 
most memorable in the history of our country. The 
convention which assembled in Chicago in June and 
named Mr. Harrison as the chief standard bearer 
of the Republican party, was great in eveiy partic- 
ular, and on this account, and the attitude it as- 
sumed upon the vital questions of the day, chief 
among which was the tariff, awoke a deep interest 
in the campaign throughout the Nation. Shortly 
after the nomination delegations began to visit Mr. 
Harrison at Indianapolis, his home. This move- 
ment became popular, and from all sections of the 
country societies, clubs and delegations journeyed 
thither to pay their respects to the distinguished 
statesman. The popularity of these was greatly 
increased on account of the remarkable speeches 
made by Mr. Harrison. He spoke daily all through 
the summer and autumn to these visiting delega- 
tions, and so varied, masterly and eloquent were 
his speeches that they at once placed him in the 
foremost rank of American orators and statesmen. 

( >n account of his eloquence as a speaker and his 
power as a debater, he was called upon at an un- 
commonly early age to take part in the discussion 
of the great questions that then began to agitate 
the country. lie was an uncompromising anti 
slavery man, and was matched against some of tLe 
most eminent Democratic speakers of his State. 
No man who felt the touch of his blade de: ired to 
lie pitted with him again. With all his eloq-'ence 
as an orator he never spoke for oratorical effect, 
but his words always went like bullets to the mark 
He is purely American in his ideas and is a spier 
did type of the American statesman. Gifted wit'u 
quick perception, a logical mind and a ready tongue, 
he is one of the most distinguished impromptu 
speakers in the Nation. Many of these speeches 
sparkled with the rarest of eloquence and contained 
arguments of greatest weight. Many of his terse 
statements have already become aphorisms. ( )rigi- 
nal in thought, precise i.\ logic, terse in statement, 
yet withal faultless in eloquence, he is recognized as 
the sound statesman and brilliant orator t- tiK day 

l|_ >&*■ «=*• 






.-jzmmtmism ■ 

HADRACH BOND, the first 
Governor of Illinois after its 
organization as a State, serving 
from 1818 to 1822, was born in 
, Frederick County, Maryland, 
in the year 1773, and was 
raised a farmer on his father's 
plantation, receiving only a plain 
English education. He emigrated 
to this State in 1794, when it was a 
part of the "Northwest Territory," 
continuing in the vocation in which 
he had been brought up in his native 
State, in the " New Design," near 
Eagle Creek, in what is now Monroe 
County. He served several terms as 
a member of the General Assembly 
of Indiana Territory, after it was organized as such, 
and in 1812-14 he was a Delegate to the Twelfth 
and Thirteenth Congresses, taking his seat Dec. 3, 
1812, and serving until Oct. 3, [814. These were 
ihe times, the reader will recollect, when this Gov- 
ernment had its last struggle with Great Britain. 
The year 1812 is also noted in the history of this 
State as that in which the first Territorial Legislature 
was held. It convened at Kaskaskia, Nov. 25, and 
adjourned Dec. 26, following. 

While serving as Delegate to Congress, Mr. Bond 
was instrumental in procuring the right of pre-emp- 
t-on on the public domain. On the expiration of his 
term at Washington he was appointed Receiver of 
Pubiic Moneys at Kaskaskia, then the capital of the 
Territory. In company with John G. Comyges, 

Thomas H. Harris, Charles Slade, Michael Jones 
Warren Brown. Edward Humphries and Charles W 
Hunter, he became a proprietor of the site of the 
initial city of Cairo, which they hoped, from its favor- 
able location at the junction of the two great 
rivers near the center of the Great West, would 
rapidly develop into a metropolis. To aid the enter- 
prise, they obtained a special charter from the Legis- 
lature, incorporating both the City and the Bank of 

In 1818 Mr. Bond was elected the first Governor 
of the State of Illinois, being inaugurated Oct. 6 
that year, which was several weeks before Illinois 
was actually admitted. The facts are these : In 
January, 1818, the Territorial Legislature sent a peti- 
tion to Congress for the admission -of Illinois as a 
State, Nathaniel Pope being then Delegate. The 
petition was granted, fixing the northern line of the 
State on the latitude of the southern extremity of 
Lake Michigan; but the bill was afterward so amend- 
ed as to extend this line to its present latitude. In 
July a convention was called at Kaskaskia to draft a 
constitution, which, however, was not submitted to 
the people. By its provisions, supreme judges, pros 
ecuting attorneys, county and circuit judges, record- 
ers and justices of the peace were all to be appointed 
by the Governor or elected by the Legislature. This 
constitution was accepted by Congress Dec. 30. At 
that time Illinois comprised but eleven counties, 
namely, Randolph, Madison, Gallatin, Johnson, 
Pope, Jackson, Crawford, Bond, Union, Washington 
and Franklin, the northern portion of the State be- 
ing mainly in Madison County. Thus it appears 
that Mr. Bond was honored by the naming of a 


county before he was elected Governor. The present 
county of Bond is of small limitations, about 60 to 80 
miles south of Springfield. For Lieutenant Governor 
the people chose Pierre Menard, a prominent and 
worthy Frenchman, after whom a county in this State 
is named. In this election there were no opposition 
candidates, as the popularity of these men had made 
their promotion to the chief offices of the State, even 
oefore the constitution was drafted, a foregone con- 

The principal points that excited the people in 
reference to political issues at this period were local 
or "internal improvements," as they were called, 
State banks, location of the capital, slavery and the 
personal characteristics of the proposed candidates. 
Mr. Bond represented the " Convention party," for 
introducing slavery into the State, supported by Elias 
Ke it Kane, his Secretary of State, and John Mc- 
Lean, while Nathaniel Pope and John P. Cook led 
the anti-slavery element. The people, however, did 
not become very much excited over this issue until 
1820, when the faniKis Missouri Compromise was 
adopted by Congress, limiting slavery to the south 
of the parallel of 36 30' except in Missouri. While 
this measure settled the great slavery controversy, 
so far as the average public sentiment was tempor- 
arily concerned, until 1854, when it was repealed 
under the leadership of Stephen A. Douglas, the issue 
as considered locally in this State was not decided 
until 1824, after a most furious campaign. (See 
sketch of Gov. Coles.) The ticket of 1818 was a 
compromise one, Bond representing (moderately) the 
pro-slavery sentiment and Menard the anti-slavery. 

An awkward element in the State government 
under Gov. Bond's administration, was the imperfec- 
tion of the State constitution. The Convention 
wished to have Elijah C. Berry for the first Auditor 
of Public Accounts, but, as it was believed that the 
new Governor would not appoint him to the office, 
the Convention declared in a schedule that " an 
auditor of public accounts, an attorney general and 
such other officers of the State as may be necessary, 
may be appointed by the General Assembly." The 
Constitution, as it stood, vested a very large appoint- 
ing power in the Governor; but for the purpose of 
getting one man into office, a total change was made, 
and the power vested in the Legislature. Of this 
provision the Legislature took advantage, and de- 

clared that State's attorneys, canal commissioners, 
bank directors, etc., were all " officers of the State * 
and must therefore be appointed by itself independ- 
ently of the Governor. 

During Gov. Bond's administration a general law 
was passed for the incorporation of academies and 
towns, and one authorizing lotteries. The session of 
1822 authorized the Governor to appoint commis- 
sioners, to act in conjunction with like commissioners 
appointed by the State of Indiana, to report on the 
practicability and expediency of improving the navi- 
gation of the Wabash River; also inland navigation 
generally. Many improvements were recommended, 
some of which have been feebly worked at even till 
the present day, those along the Wabash being of no 
value, Also, during Gov. Bond's term of office, the 
capital of the State was removed from Kaskaskia to 
Vandalia. In 1820 a law was passed by Congress 
authorizing this State to open a canal through the 
public lands. The State appointed commissioners 
lo explore the route and prepare the necessary sur- 
veys and estimates, preparatory to its execution; 
but, being unable out of its own resources to defray 
the expenses of the undertaking, it was abandoned 
until some time after Congress made the grant of 
land for the purpose of its construction. 

On the whole, Gov. Bond's administration was 
fairly good, not being open to severe criticism from 
any party. In 1824, two years after the expiration 
of his term of office, he was brought out as a candi- 
date for Congress against the formidable John P. 
Cook, but received only 4,374 votes tc 7,460 for the 
latter. Gov. Bond was no orator, but hod made 
many fast friends by a judicious L-e::tjwment of his 
gubernatorial patronage, and these worked zealously 
tor him in the campaign. 

In 1827 ex-Gov. Bond was appointed by the Leg- 
islature, with Wm. P. McKee and Dr. Gershom 
Jayne, as Commissioners to locate a site for a peni- 
tentiary on the Mississippi at or near Alton. 

Mr. Bond was of a benevolent and convivial dis- 
position, a man of shrewd observation and clear ap- 
preciation of events. His person was erect, stand- 
ing six feet in height, and after middle life became 
portly, weighing 200 pounds. His features were 
strongly masculine, complexion dark, hair jet and 
eyes hazel ; was a favorite with the ladies. He died 
April 1 1, 1830, in peace and contentment 

Id^^us^) Ccru2<7 


Il 5 

1; Ebwarfc Coles, 


m. . 


DWARD COLES, second 
Governor of Illinois, 1823- 
6, was born Dec. 15, 17S6, 
in Albemarle Co., Va., on 
the old family estate called 
"Enniscorthy," on the 
Green Mountain. His fath- 
er, John Coles, was a Colonel in the 
Revolutionary War. Having been fit- 
ted for college by private tutors, he 
was sent to Hampden Sidney, where 
he remained until the autumn of 1805, 
when he was removed to William and 
Mary College, at Williamsburg, Va. 
This college he left in the summer of 
1X07. .1 ~hort time before the final and graduating 
exa'iii lation. Among his classmates were Lieut. 
Gen. Scott, President John Tyler, Win. S. Archer, 
United States Senator from Virginia, and Justice 
Baldwin, of the United States Supreme Court. The 
President of the latter college, Bishop Madison, was 
a cousin of President James Madison, and that cir- 
cumstance was the occasion of Mr. Coles becoming 
personally acquainted with the President and re- 
ceiving a position as his private secretary, 1809-15. 
The family of Coles was a prominent one in Vir- 
ginia, and their mansion was the seat of the old- 
fashioned Virginian hospitality. It was visited by 
such potables as Patrick Henry, Jefferson, Madison, 
Monroe, the Randolphs, Tazewell, Wirt, etc. At the 
age of 23, young Loles founa himself heir to a plant- 
ation and a considerable number of slaves. Ever 
since his earlier college days his attention liad been 
drawn to the quescio 1 of slavery. He read every- 

thing on the subject that came in his way, and 
listened to lectures on the rights of man. The more 
he reflected upon the subject, the more impossible 
was it for him to reconcile the immortal declaration 
"that all men are born free and equal" wilh^he 
practice of slave-holding. He resolved, therefore, to 
free his slaves the first opportunity, and even remove 
his residence to a free State. One reason which de- 
termined him to accept the appointment as private 
secretary to Mr. Madison was because he believed 
that through the acquaintances he could make at 
Washington he could better determine in what par. 
of the non-slaveholding portion of the Union he woulc 
prefer to settle. 

The relations between Mr. Coles and President 
Madison, as well as Jefferson and other distinguished 
men, were of a very friendly character, arising from 
the similarity of their views on the question of slavery 
and their sympathy for each other in holding doc- 
trines so much at variance with the prevailing senti- 
ment in their own State. 

In 1857, he resigned his secretaryship and spent a 
portion of the following autumn in exploring the 
Northwest Territory, for the purpose of finding a lo- 
cation and purchasing lands on which to settle his 
negroes. He traveled with a horse and buggy, with 
an extra man and horse for emergencies, through 
many parts of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and Missouri, 
determining finally to settle in Illinois. At this time, 
however, a misunderstanding arose between our 
Government and Russia, and Mr. Coles was selected 
to repair to St. Petersburg on a special mission, bear- 
ing important papers concerning the matter at issue 
The result was a conviction of the Emperor (Alex- 

1 1 6 


ander) of the error committed by his minister at 
Washington, and the consequent withdrawal of the 
the latter from the post. On his return, Mr. Coles 
visited other parts of Europe, especially Paris, where 
he was introduced to Gen. Lafayette. 

In the spring of 1819, he removed with all his 
negroes from Virginia to Edwardsville, III , with the 
intention of giving them their liberty. He did not 
make known to them his intention until one beautiful 
morning in April, as they were descending the Ohio 
River. He lashed all the boats together and called 
all the negroes on deck and made them a short ad- 
dress, concluding his remarks by so expressing him- 
self that by a turn of a sentence he proclaimed in 
ihe shortest and fullest manner that they were no 
longer slaves, but free as he was and were at liberty 
to proceed with him or go ashore at their pleas- 
ure. A description of the effect upon the negroes is 
best desciibed in his own language : 

"The effect upon them was electrical. They stared 
at nr.e and then at each other, as if doubting the ac- 
curacy or reality of what they heard. In breathless 
sile'nee they stood before me, unable to utter a word, 
but with countenances beaming with expression which 
no words could convey, and which no language 
can describe. As they began to see the truth of 
what they had heard, and realize their situation, there 
came on a kind of hysterical, giggling laugh. After 
a pause of intense and unutterable emotion, bathed 
in tears, and with tremulous voices, they gave vent to 
their gratitude and implored the blessing of God 
on me." 

Before landing he gave them a general certificate 
of freedom, and afterward conformed more particu- 
larly with the law of this State requiring that each 
individual should have a certificate. This act of 
Mr. Coles, all the more noble and heroic considering 
the overwhelming pro-slavery influences surrounding 
him, has challenged the admiration of every philan- 
thropist of modern times. 

March 5, 1S10, President Monroe appointed Mr. 
Coles Registrar of the Land Office at EdwardsviLe, 
at that time one of the principal land offices in the 
State. While acting in this capacity and gaining 
many friends by his politeness and general intelli- 
gence, the greatest struggle that ever occurred in 
Illinois on the slavery ques'ion culminated in the 
furious contest characterizing the campaigns and 
elections of 1822-4. In the summer of 1823, when a 
new Governor was to be elected to succeed Mr. 
Bond, the pro-slavery element divided into factions, 
putting forward for the executive office Joseph 
Phillips, Chief Justice of the State, Thomas C. 
Browne and Gen. James B. Moore, of the State Mil- 
itia. The anti-slavery element united upon Mr. 
Coles, and, after one of the most bitter campaigns, 
succeeded in electing him as Governor. His plural- 
ity over Judge Phillips was only 59 in a total vote of 

over 8,000. The Lieutenant Governor was elected 
by the slavery men. Mr. Coles' inauguration speech 
was marked by calmness, deliberation and such a 
wise expression of appropriate suggestions as to 
elicit the sanction of all judicious politicians. But 
he compromised not with evil. In his message to 
the Legislature, the seat of Government being then 
at Yandalia, he strongly urged the abrogation of the 
modified form of slavery which then existed in this 
State, contrary to the Ordinance of 1787. His posi- 
tion on this subject seems the more remarkable, when 
it is considered that he was a minority Governor, the 
population of Illinois being at that lime almost ex- 
clusively from slave-holding States and by a large 
majority in favor of the perpetuation of that old relic 
of barbarism. The Legislature itself was, of course, 
a reflex of the popular sentiment, and a majority of 
them were led on by fiery men in denunciations of 
the conscientious Governor, and in curses loud and 
deep upon him and all his friends. Some of the 
public men, indeed, went so far as to head a sort of 
mob, or "shiveree" party, who visited the residence 
of the Governor and others at Vandalia and yelled 
and groaned and spat fire. 

The Constitution, not establishing or permitting 
slavery in this State, was thought therefore to be 
defective by the slavery politicians, and they desired 
a State Convention to be elected, to devise and sub- 
mit a new Constitution ; and the dominant politics 
of the day was "Convention" and "anti-Conven- 
tion." Both parties issued addresses to the people, 
Gov. Coles himself being the author of the address 
published by the latter party. This address revealed 
the schemes of the conspirators in a masterly man- 
ner. It is difficult for us at this distant day to esti- 
mate the critical and extremely delicate situation in 
which the Governor was placed at that time. 

Our hero maintained himself honorably and with 
supreme dignity throughout his administration, and 
in his honor a county in this State is named. He 
was truly a great man, and those who lived in 
this State during his sojourn here, like those who 
live at the base of the mountain, were too near to see 
and recognize the greatness that overshadowed them. 

Mr. Coles was married Nov. 28, 1833, by Bishop 
De Lancey, to Miss Sally Logan Roberts, a daughter 
of Hugh Roberts, a descendant of Welsh ancestry, 
who ca:iii to this country with Win. Penn in 1682. 

After the expiration of his term of service, Gov. 
Coles continued his residence in Edwardsville, sup- 
erintending his farm in the vicinity. He was fond 
of agriculture, and was the founder of the first agri- 
cultural society in the State. On account of ill 
health, however, and having no family to tie him 
down, he spent much of his time in Eastern cities. 
About 1832 he changed his residence to Philadel- 
phia, where he died July 7, 1868, and is buried at 
Woodland, near that city. 

' O c$-(*S&^Jl> 



~> AT \ -fe 


lYiiiian Edwards 


■>>— 5- 

V from 1827 to 1830, was a son 
p of Benjamin Edwards, and 
was bom in Montgomery 
o County, Maryland, in March, 
L 1775- His domestic train- 
'-'" ing was well fitted to give 
his mind strength, firmness and 
ho o:able principles, and a good 
foundation was laid for the ek 
character to which he afterwards 
attained. His parents were Bap- 
and very strict in their moral 
principles. His education in early 
youth was in company with and 
partly under the tuition of Hon. Wm. 
Wirt, whom his father Datronized 
and who was more than two years 
older. An intimacy was thus 
formed between them which was lasting for life. He 
was farther educated at Dickinson College, at Car 
iisle. Pa. He next commenced the study of law, but 
before completing his course he moved to Nelson 
County, Ky., to open a farm for his father and to 
purchase homes and locate lands for his brothers and 
sisters. Here he fell in the company of dissolute 
companions, and for several years led the life of a 
spendthrift. He was, however, elected to the Legis- 
lature of Kentucky as the Representative of Nelson 
bounty before he was 2 1 years of age, and was re- 
acted by an almost unanimous vote. 

In 1798 he was licensed to practice law, and the 
following year was admitted to the Courts of Tennes- 
see. About this time he left Nelson County for 
Russellville, in Logan County, broke away from his 
dissolute companions, commenced a reformation and 
devoted himself to severe and laborious study. He 
then began to rise rapidly in his profession, and soon 
became an eminent lawyer, and inside of four years 
he filled in succession the offices of Presiding Judge 
of the General Court, Circuit Judge, fourth Judge of 
the Court of Appeals and Chief Justice of the State, 
— all before he was 52 years of age ! In addition, in 
1S02, he received a commission as Major of a battal- 
ion of Kentucky militia, and in 1S04 was chosen a 
Presidential Elector, on the Jefferson and Clinton 
ticket. In 1S06 he was a candidate -'or Congress, 
but withdrew on being promoted to the Court of 

Illinois was organized as a separate Territory in 
the spring of 1S09, when Mr. Edwards, then Chief 
Justice of the Court of Appeals in Kentucky, received 
from President Madison the appointment as Gover- 
nor of the new Territory, his commission bearing date 
April 24, 1S39. Edwards arrived at Kaskaskia in 
June, and on the 1 ith of that month took the oath of 
office. At the same time he was appointed Superin- 
tendent of the United States Saline, this Government 
interest then developing into considerable proportions 
in Southern Illinois. Although during the first three 
years of his administration he had the power to make 
new counties and appoint all the officers, yet he always 
allowed the people of each county, by an informal 


vote, to select their own officers, both civil and mili- 
tary. The noted John J. Crittenden, afterward 
United States Senator from Kentucky, was appointed 
by Gev. Edwards to the office of Attorney General of 
the Territory, which office was accepted for a short 
time only. 

The Indians in 1810 committing sundry depreda- 
tions in the Territory, crossing the Mississippi from 
the Territory of Louisiana, a long correspondence fol- 
lowed between the respective Governors concerning 
the remedies, which ended in a council with the sav- 
ages at Peoria in 1812, and a fresh interpretation of 
the treaties. Peoria was depopulated by these de- 
predations, and was not re-settled for many years 

As Gov. Edwards' term of office expired by law in 
1 81 2, he was re-appointed for another term of three 
years, and again in 1815 for a third term, serving 
until the organization of the State in the fall of 1818 
and the inauguration of Gov. Bond. At this time 
ex-Gov. Edwards was sent to the United States 
Senate, his colleague being Jesse B. Thomas. As 
Senator, Mr. Edwards took a conspicuous part, and 
acquitted himself honorably in all the measures that 
came up in that body, being well posted, an able de- 
■ later and a conscientious statesman. He thought 
. eriously of resigning this situation in 1821, but was 
persuaded by his old friend, Wrn. Wirt, and others to 
< ontinue in office, which he did to the end of the 

He was then appointed Minister to Mexico by 
President Monroe. About this time, it appears that 
Air. Edwards saw suspicious signs in the conduct of 
Win. H. Crawford, Secretary of the United States 
Treasury, and an ambitious candidate for the Presi- 
dency, and being implicated by the latter in some of 
his statements, he resigned his Mexican mission in 
order fully to investigate the charges. The result 
was the exculpation of Mr. Edwards. 

Pro-slavery regulations, often termed "Black Laws," 
cisgraced the statute books of both the Territory and 
he State of Illinois during the whole of his career in 
.his commonwealth, and Mr. Edwards always main- 
tained the doctrines of freedom, and was an important 
;.ctor in the great struggle which ended in a victory 
Tt>r his party in 1824. 

In 1826 -7 the Winnebago and other Indians com- 
mitted soire depredations in the northern part of the 

State, and the white settlers, who desired the land= 
and wished to exasperate the savages into an evacu- 
ation of the country, magnified the misdemeanors of 
the aborigines and thereby produced a hostility be- 
tween the races so great as to precipitate a little war. 
known in history as the "Winnebago War." A few 
chases and skirmishes were had, when Gen. Atkinson 
succeeded in capturing Red Bird, the Indian chief, 
and putting him to death, thus ending the contest, a f 
least until the troubles commenced which ended in 
the " Black Hawk War " of 1832. In the interpre- 
tation of treaties and execution of their provisions 
Gov. Edwards had much vexatious work to do. The 
Indians kept themselves generally within the juris- 
diction of Michigan Territory, and its Governor, 
Lewis Cass, was at a point so remote that ready cor- 
respondence with him was difficult or impossible. 
Gov. Edwards' administration, however, in regard to 
the protection of the Illinois frontier, seems to havj 
been very efficient and satisfactory. 

For a considerable portion of his time after his re- 
moval to Illinois, Gov. Edwards resided upon his 
farm near Kaskaskia, which he had well stocked with 
horses, cattle and sheep from Kentucky, also with 
fruit-trees, grape-vines and shrubbery. He estab- 
lished saw and grist-mills, and engaged extensively 
in mercantile business, having no less than eight or ten 
stores in this State and Missouri. Notwithstanding 
the arduous duties of his office, he nearly always pur- 
chased the goods himself with which to supply the 
stores. Although not a regular practitioner of medi- 
cine, he studied the healing art to a considerable ex- 
tent, and took great pleasure in prescribing for, and 
taking care of, the sick, generally without charge. 
He was also liberal to the poor, several widows and 
ministers of the gospel becoming indebted to him 
even for their homes. 

He married Miss Elvira Lane, of Maryland, in 
1803, and they became the affectionate parents of 
several children, one of whom, especially, is well 1 
known to the people of the " Prairie State," namely, 
Ninian Wirt Edwards, once the Superintendent c< 
Public Instruction and still a resident of Springfield 
Gov. Edwards resided at and in the vicinity of Kas- 
kaskia from 1809 to 1818; in Edwardsville (named 
after him) from that time to 1824; and from the lat- 
ter date at Belleville, St. Clair County, until his 
death, July 20, 1833, of Asiatic cholera. Edwards 
County is also named in his honor. 



<y^J) cat . v csstH ir x . QT 


OHN REYNOLDS, Governor 1831- 
1"^, 4, was born in Montgomery Coun- 
=)" ty, Pennsylvania, Feb. 26, 1788. 
His father, Robert Reynolds and 
his mother, nee Margaret Moore, 
were both natives of Ireland, from 
which country they emigrated to 
the United States in 1785, land- 
ing at Philadelphia. The senior 
Reynolds entertained an undying 
hostility to the British Govern- 
ment. When the subject of this 
sketch was about six months old, 
his parents emigrated with him to 
Tennessee, where many of their 
relatives had already located, at the base of the 
Copper Ridge Mountain, about 14 miles northeast of 
the present city of Knoxville. There they were ex- 
Dosed to Indian depredations, and were much molest- 
ed by them. In 1794 they moved into the interior 
of the State. They were poor, and brought up their 
children to habits of manual industry. 

In 1800 the family removed to Kaskaskia, 111., with 
eight horses and two wagons, encountering many 
Hardships on the way. Here young Reynolds passed 
the most of his childhood, while his character began 
to develop, the most prominent traits of which were 
ambition and energy. He also adopted the principle 
and practice of total abstinence from intoxicating 
liquors. In 1807 the family made another removal, 

this time to the " Goshen Settlement," at the foot of 
the Mississippi bluffs three or four miles southwest 
of Edwardsville. 

On arriving at his 20th year, Mr. Reynolds, seeing 
that he must look about for his own livelihood and 
not yet having determined what calling to pursue, 
concluded first to attend college, and he accordingly 
went to such an institution of learning, near Knox- 
ville, Tenn., where he had relatives. Imagine his 
diffidence, when, after passing the first 20 years of 
his life without ever having seen a carpet, a papered 
wall or a Windsor chair, and never having lived in a 
shingle-roofed house, he suddenly ushered himself 
into the society of the wealthy in the vicinity of 
Knoxville ! He attended college nearly two years, 
going through the principal Latin authors; but it 
seems that he, like the rest of the world in modern 
times, had but very little use for his Latin in after 
life. He always failed, indeed, to exhibit any good 
degree of literary discipline. He commenced the 
study of law in Knoxville, but a pulmonary trouble 
came on and compelled him to change his mode 
of life. Accordingly he returned home and re- 
cuperated, and in 1S12 resumed his college and 
law studies at Knoxville. In the fall of 1812 he was 
admitted to the Bar at Kaskaskia. About this time 
he also learned the French language, which he 
practiced with pleasure in conversation with his 
family for many years. He regarded this language 
as being superior to all others for social intercourse 



From his services in the West, in the war of 1812, 
he obtained the sobriquetof the " Old Ranger." He 
was Orderly Sergeant, then Judge Advocate. 

Mr. Reynolds opened his first law office in the 
winter and spring of 1814, in the French village of 
Cahokia, then the capital of St. Clair County. 

In the fall of 18 18 he was elected an Associate 
Justice upon the Supreme Bench by the General 
Assembly. In 1825 he entered more earnestly than 
ever into the practice of law, and the very next year 
was elected a member of the Legislature, where he 
acted independently of all cliques and private inter- 
ests. In 1828 the Whigs and Democrats were for 
the first time distinctively organized as such in Illi- 
nois, and the usual party bitterness grew up and 
raged on all sides, while Mr. Reynolds preserved a 
■udicial calmness and moderation. The real animus 
if the campaign was " Jackson " and " anti-Jackson," 
he former party carrying the State. 

In August, 1830, Mr. Reynolds was elected Gov- 
.rnor, amid great excitement. Installed in office, he 
did all within his power to advance the cause of edu- 
cation, internal improvements, the Illinois & Mich- 
igan Canal, the harbor at Chicago, settling the coun- 
try, etc.; also recommended the winding up of the 
state Bank, as its affairs had become dangerously 
complicated. In his national politics, he was a 
moderate supporter of General Jackson. But the 
most celebrated event of his gubernatorial admin- 
istration was the Black Hawk War, which occurred 
in 1832. He called out the militia and prosecuted 
the contest with commendable diligence, appearing 
in person on the battle-grounds during the most 
critical periods. He was recognized by the President 
as Major-General, and authorized by him to make 
treaties witli the Indians. By the assistance of the 
general Government the war was terminated without 
much bloodshed, but after many serious fights. This 
war, as well as everything else, was materially re- 
tarded by the occurrence of Asiatic cholera in the 
West. This was its first appearance here, and was 
the next event in prominence during Gov. Reynolds' 

South Carolina nullification coining up at this time, 
t was heartily condemned by both President Jackson 
t.nd Gov. Reynolds, who took precisely the same 
grounds as the Unionists in the last war. 

On the termination of his gubernatorial term in 
.834, Gov. Reynolds was elected a Member of Con- 
gress, still considering himself a backwoodsman, as 
r e had scarcely been outside of the State since he 
became of age, and had spent nearly all his youthful 
lays in the wildest region of the frontier. His first 
iiove in Congress was to adopt a resolution that in 
all elections made by the House for officers tiie votes 
should be given viva voce, each member in his place 
naming aloud the person for whom he votes. This 
created considerable heated discussion, but was es- 

sentially adopted, and remained the controlling prin- 
ciple for many years. The ex Governor was scarceK 
absent from his seat a single day, during eight ses 
sions of Congress, covering a period of seven year^, 
and he never vacillated in a party vote; but he failed 
to get the Democratic party to foster his " National 
Road" scheme. He says, in " My Own Times " (a 
large autobiography he published), that it was only 
by rigid economy that he avoided insolvency while in 
Washington. During his sojourn in that city he was 
married, to a lidy of the place. 

In 1837, while out of Congress, and in company 
with a few others, he built the first railroad in the 
Mississippi Valley, namely, one about six miles long, 
leading from his coal mine in the Mississippi bluff to 
the bank of the river opposite St. Louis. Having not 
the means to purchase a locomotive, they operated it 
by horse-power. The next spring, however, the com- 
pany sold out, at great sacrifice. 

In 1S39 the ex-Governor was appointed one of the 
Canal Commissioners, and authorized to borrow 
money to prosecute the enterprise. Accord'ngly, he 
repaired to Philadelphia and succeeding in obtaining 
a million dollars, which, however, was only a fourth 
of what was wanted. The same year he and his 
wife made at our of Europe. This year, also, Mr. 
Reynolds had the rather awkward little responsibility 
of introducing to President Van Buren the noted 
Mormon Prophet, Joseph Smith, as a " Latter-Day 

In 1S46 Gov. Reynolds was elected a member of 
the Legislature (rom St. Clair County, more particu- 
larly for the purpose of obtaining a feasible charter 
for a macadamized road from Belleville to St. Louis, 
a distance of nearly 14 miles. This was immediately 
built, and was the first road of the kind in the State. 
He was again elected to the Legislature in 1852, when 
he was chosen Speaker of the House. In i860, aged 
and infirm, he attended the National Democratic 
Convention at Charleston, S. C , as an anti-Douglas 
Delegate, where he received more attention from the 
Southern Delegates than any other member. He 
supported Breckenridge for the Presidency. After 
the October elections foreshadowed the success of 
Lincoln, he published an address urging the Demo- 
crats to rally to the support of Douglas. Immedi- 
ately preceding and during the late war, his corre- 
spondence evinced a clear sympathy for the Southern 
secession, and about the first of March, 1861, he 
urged upon the Buchanan officials the seizure of the 
treasure and arms in the custom-house and arsenal 
at St. Louis. Mr. Reynolds was a rather talkative 
man, and apt in all the Western phrases and catch- 
words that ever gained currency, besides many cun- 
ning and odd ones of his own manufacture. 

He was married twice, but had no children. He 
died in Belleville, in May, 1865, just after the cbse 
of the war. 





Governor of Illinois Nov. 3 
as to 17, 1834, was a native 
of Kentucky, and probably 
of Scotch ancestry. He bad 
a fine education, was a gentle- 
man of polished manners and 
refined sentiment. In 1830 John Rey- 
nolds was elected Governor of the State, 
and Zadok Casey Lieutenant Governor, 
and for the principal events that followed, 
and the characteristics of the times, see 
sketch of Gov. Reynolds. The first we 
see in history concerning Mr. Ewing, in- 
forms us that he was a Receiver of Public 
M01 eys at Vandalia soon after the organization of 
t«ii.. State, and that the public moneys in his hands 
veie deposited in various banks, as they are usually 
* thi. /resent day. In 1823 the State Bank was 
obbed, by which disaster Mr. Ewing lost a thousand- 
-jolbr deposit. 

The subject of this sketch had a commission as 
■ olonel in the Black Hawk War, and in emergencies 
ne acted also as Major. In the summer of 1832, 
Vien c " r as rumored among the whites that Black 
Kawk and "lis men had encamped somewhere on 
Rock River, Gen. Henry was sent on a tour of 
reconnoisance, and with orders to drive the Indians 
from the State. After some opposition from his 
subordinate officers, Henry resolved to proceed up 
Rock River in search of the enemy. On tiie 19th of 
■uly, early in the morning, five baggage wagons, 

camp equipage and all heavy and cumbersome arti 
cles were piled up and left, so that the army might 
make speedy and forced marches. For some miles 
the travel was exceedingly bad, crossing swamps 
and the worst thickets; but the large, fresh trail 
gave life and animation to the Americans. Gen. 
Dodge and Col. Ewing were both acting as Majors, 
and composed the " spy corps " or vanguard of the 
army. It is supposed the army marched nearly 50 
miles this day, and the Indian trail they followed 
became fresher, and was strewed with much property 
and trinkets of the red-skins that they had lost or 
thrown away to hasten their march. During the 
following night there, was a terrific thunder-storm, and 
the soldiery, with all their appurtenances, were thor- 
oughly drenched. 

On approaching nearer the Indians the next day. 
Gen. Dodge and Major Ewing, each commanding a 
battalion of men, were placed in front to bring on the 
battle, but the savages were not overtaken this day 
Forced marches were continued until they reached. 
Wisconsin River, where a veritable battle ensued, 
resulting in the death of about 68 of Black Hawk's 
men. The next day they continued the chase, and 
as soon as he discovered the trail of the Indians 
leading toward the Mississippi, Maj. Ewing formed 
his battalion in order of battle and awaited the order 
of Gen. Henry. The latter soon appeared on the 
ground and ordered a charge, which directly resulted 
in chasing the red warriors across the great river. 
Maj. Ewing and his command proved particularly 
efficient in war, as it seems they were the chief actors 
in driving the main body of the Sacs and Foxes, in- 



eluding Black Hawk himself, across the Mississippi, 
while Gen. Atkinson, commander-in-chief of the ex- 
pedition, with a body of the army, was hunting for 
them in another direction. 

In the above affair Maj. Ewuig is often referred to 
as a "General," winch title he had derived from his 
connection with the militia. 

It was in the latter part of the same year (1832) 
that Lieutenant Governor Casey was elected to Con- 
gress and Gen. Ewing, who had been elected to the 
Senate, was chosen to preside over that body. At 
the August election of 1834, Gov. Reynolds was also 
elected to Congress, more than a year ahead ofcthe 
time at which he could actually take his seat, as was 
then the law. His predecessor, Chailes Slade, had 
just died of Asiatic cholera, soon after the elec- 
tion, and Gov. Reynolds was chosen to serve out his 
unexpired term. Accordingly he set out for Wash- 
ington in November of that year to take his seat in 
Congress, and Gen. Ewing, by virtue of his office as 
President of the Senate, became Governor of the 
Stato of Illinois, his term covering only a period of 
15 da""s. namely, from the 3d to the 17th days, in- 
clusive, of November. On the 17th the Legislature 
met, and Gov. Ewing transmitted to that body his 
message, giving a statement of the condition of the 
affairs of the State at that time, and urging a contin- 
uance of the policy adopted by his predecessor; and 
on the same day Governor elect Joseph Duncan 
vas sworn into office, thus relieving Mr. Ewing from 

the responsible situation. This is the only time that 
such a juncture has happened in the history of Illi- 

On the 29th of December, 1835, Gen. Ewing was 
elected a United States Senator to serve out the 
unexpired term of Elias Kent Kane, deceased. The 
latter gentleman was a very prominent figure in the 
early politics of Illinois, and a county in this State is 
named in his honor. The election of Gen. Ewing to 
the Senate was a protracted struggle. His competi- 
tors were James Semple, who afterwards held several 
important offices in this State, and Richard M. 
Young, afterward a United States Senator and a 
Supreme Judge and a man of vast influence. On 
the first ballot Mr. Semple had 25 votes, Young 19 
and Ewing 18. On the eighth ballot Young was 
dropped; the ninth and tenth stood a tie; but on 
the r2th Ewing received 40, to Semple 37, and was 
accordingly declared elected. In 1837 Mr. Ewing 
received some votes for a continuance of his term in 
Congress, when Mr. Young, just referred to, was 
elected. In 1842 Mr. Ewing was elected State 
Auditor on the ticket with Gov. Ford. 

Gen. Ewing was a gentleman of culture, a lawyer 
by profession, and was much in public life. In person 
he was above medium height and of heavy build, 
with auburn hair, blue eyes, large-sized head and 
short face. He was genial, social, friendly and 
affable, with fair talent, though of no high degree 0$ 
originality. He died March 25, 1846. 


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OSEPH DUNCAN", Governor 
1834-8, was born at Paris, 
Ky., Feb. 23, 1794. At the 
tender age of 19 years he en- 
listed in the war against Great 
Britain, and as a soldier he 
-wb acquitted himself with credit. He 
was an Ensign under the daunt- 
less Croghan at Lower Sandusky, 
or Fort Stephenson. In Illinois 
he first appeared in a public capa- 
city as Major-General of the Militia, 
a position which his military fame 
had procured him. Subsequently 
he became a State Senator from 
Jackson County, and is honorably 
mentioned for introducing the first bill providing for 
a free-school system. In 1S26, when the redoubt- 
able John P. Cook, who had previously beaten such 
men as John McLean, Elias Kent Kane and ex- 
Gov. Bond, came up for the fourth time for Congress, 
Mr. Duncan was brought forward against him by his 
friends, greatly to the surprise of all the politicians. 
\s yet he was but little known in the State. He was 
an original Jackson man at that time, being attached 
to his political fortune in admiration of the glory of 
his military achievements. His chances of success 
against Cook were generally regarded as hopeless, 
but he entered upon the campaign undaunted. His 
speeches, though short and devoid of ornament, were 
full of good sense. He made a diligent canvass of 
the State, Mr. Cook being hindered by the condition of 
his health. The most that was expected of Mr. 
Duncan, under the circumstances, was that he would 

obtain a respectable vote, but without defeating Mr 
Cook. The result of the campaign, however, was a 
source of surprise and amazement to both friends 
and foes, as Mr. Duncan came out 641 votes ahead! 
He received 6,321 votes, and Mr. Cook 5,680. Un- 
til this denouement, the violence of party feeling 
smoldering in the breasts of the people on account 
of the defeat of Jackson, was not duly appreciated. 
Aside from the great convention struggle of 1824, no 
other than mere local and personal considerations 
had ever before controlled an election in Illinois. 

From the above date Mr. Duncan retained his 
seat in Congress until his election as Governor in 
August, 1834. The first and bloodless year of the 
Black Hawk War he was appointed by Gov. Rey- 
nolds to the position of Brigadier-General of the 
volunteers, and he conducted his brigade to Rock 
Island. But he was absent from the State, in Wash- 
ington, during the gubernatorial campaign, and did 
not personally participate in it, but addressed circu- 
lars to his constituents. His election was, indeed, 
attributed to the circumstance of his absence, be- 
cause his estrangement from Jackson, formerly his 
political idol, and also from the Democracy, largelv 
in ascendency in the State, was complete; but while 
his defection was well known to his Whig friends, 
and even to the leading Jackson men of this State, 
the latter were unable to carry conviction of that fact 
to the masses, as mail and newspaper facilities at 
that day were far inferior to those of the present 
time. Of course the Governor was much abused 
afterward by the fossilized Jackson men who 're- 
garded party ties and affiliations as above all 
other issues that could arise; but he was doubtless 



sincere in his opposition to the old hero, as the latter 
j;ad vetoed several important western measures 
which were dear to Mr. Duncan. In his inaugural 
message he threw off the mask and took a bold stand 
r gain st the course of the President. The measures 
-e recommended in his message, however, were so 
desirable that the Legislature, although by a large 
majority consisting of Jackson men, could not refrain 
from endorsing them. These measures related 
Plainly to banks and internal improvements. 

It was while Mr. Duncan was Governor that the 
people of Illinois went whirling on with bank and in- 
ternal improvement schemes that well nigh bank- 
-upted the State. The hard times of 1837 came on, 
and the disasters that attended the inauguration of 
.hese plans and the operation of the banks were mu- 
tually charged upon the two political parties. Had 
any oi:e man autocratic power to introduce and 
carry on any one of these measures, he would proba- 
bly have succeeded to the satisfaction of the public ; 
; ut as many jealous men had hold of the same plow 
Handle, no success followed and each blamed the other 
!or the failure. In this great vortex Gov. Duncan 
was carried along, suffering the like derogation ot 
character with his fellow citizens. 

At the height of the excitement the Legislature 
" provided for " railroads from Galena to Cairo, Alton 
to Shawneetown, Alton to Mount Carmel, Alton to the 
eastern boundary of the State in the direction of 
Terre Haute, Quincy via Springfield to the Wabash, 
Blootr.ington to Pekin, and Peoria to Warsaw, — in all 
about 1,300 miles of road. It also provided for the 
improvement of the navigation of the Kaskaskia, 
Illinois, Great and Little Wabash and Rock Rivers ; 
also as a placebo, $200,000 in money were to be dis- 
.ributed to the various counties wherein no improve- 
ments were ordered to be made as above. The 
estimate for the expenses for all these projects was 
.laced at a little over $10,000,000, which was not 
.nora man half enough ! That would now be equal to 
saddling upon the State a debt of $225,000,000 ! It 
was sufficient to bankrupt the State several times 
over, even counting all the possible benefits. 

One of the most exciting events that ever occutred 
ai this fair State was the murder of Elijah P. Love- 
'oy in the fall of 1837, at Alton, during Mr. Duncan's 
ierm as Governor. Lovejoy was an " Abolitionist," 
editing the Observer at that place, and the pro- 
slavery slums there formed themselves into a mob, 

and after destroying successively three presses be- 
longing to Mr. Lovejoy, surrounded the warehouse 
where the fourth press was stored away, endeavoring 
to destroy it, and where Lovejoy and his friends 
were entrenching themselves, and shot and killed the 
brave reformer! 

About this time, also, the question of removing tha 
State capital again came up, as the 20 years' limit for 
its existence at Vandalia was drawing to a close. 
There was, of course, considerable excitement over 
the matter, the two main points competing for it be- 
ing Springfield and Peoria. The jealousy of the lat- 
ter place is not even yet, 45 years afterward, fully 

Gov. Duncan's term expired in 1838. In 1842 
he was again proposed as a candidate for the Execu- 
tive chair, this time by the Whig party, against Adam 
W. Snyder, of St. Clair County, the nominee of the 
Democrats. Charles W. Hunter was a third candi- 
date for the same position. Mr. Snyder, however, died 
before the campaign had advanced very far, and his 
party substituted Thomas Ford, who was elected 
leceiving 46,901 votes, to 38,584 for Duncan, and 
909 for Hunter. The cause of Democratic success 
at this time is mainly attributed to the temporary 
support of the Mormons which they enjoyed, and the 
want of any knowledge, on the part of the masses, 
1h.1t Mr. Ford was opposed to any given policy en- 
tertained in the respective localities. 

Gov. Duncan was a man of rather limited educa- 
tion, but with naturally fine abilities he profited 
greatly by his various public services, and gathered 
a store of knowledge regarding public affairs which 
served him a ready purpose. He possessed a clear 
judgment, decision, confidence in himself and moral 
courage to carry out his convictions of right. In his 
deportment he was well adapted to gain the admira- 
tion of the people. His intercourse with them was 
both affable and dignified. His portrait at the Gov- 
ernor's mansion, from which the accompanying was 
made, represents him as having a swarthy complex- 
ion, high cheek bones, broad forehead, piercing black 
eyes and straight black hair. 

He was a liberal patron of the Illinois College at 
Jacksonville, a member of its Board of Trustees, and 
died, after a short illness, Jan. 15, 1844, a devoted 
member of the Presbyterian Church, leaving a wife 
but no children. Two children, born to them, had 
died in infancy. 






. ...- -i- . 

<*HOMAS CARLIN, the sixth 
•'ii^^li'f Governor of the State of 
Illinois, serving from 1838 
to 1842, was also a Ken- 
tuckian, being born near 
Frankfort, that State, July 
1 8, 17S9, of Irish paternity. 
The opportunities for an education 
being very meager in his native 
place, he, on approaching years of 
judgment and maturity, applied 
himself to those branches of learn- 
ing that seemed most important, 
and thus became a self-made man ; 
and his taste for reading and 
study remained with him through 
In 1803 his father removed 
10 Missouri, then a part of " New Spain," where he 
died in 18 10. 

In 18 1 2 young Carlin came to Illinois and partici- 
pated in all the "ranging" service incident to the 
war of that period, proving himself a soldier of un- 
daunted bravery. In 18 14 he married Rebecca 
Huitt, and lived for four years on the bank of the 
Mississippi River, opposite the mouth of the Mis- 
sctri, where he followed farming, and then removed 
to Greene County. He located the town site of Car- 
rc'ion, in that county, and in 1825 made a liberal 
donation of land for county building purposes. He 
was the first Sheriff of that county after its separate 
organization, and afterward was twice elected, as a 
Jackson Democrat, to the Illinois Senate. In the 
Black Hawk War he commanded a spy battalion, a 
post of considerable danger. In 1834 he was ap- 
pointed by President Jackson to the position of 
Receiver of Public Moneys, and to fulfill the office 

more conveniently he removed to the city of Quincy. 

While, in r838, the unwieldy internal improvement 
system of the State was in full operation, with all its 
expensive machinery, amidst bank suspensions 
throughout the United States, a great stringency in 
the money market everywhere, and Illinois bonds 
forced to sale at a heavy discount, and the " hardest 
limes" existing that the people of the Prairie State 
ever saw, the general election of State officers was 
approaching. Discreet men who had cherished the 
hope of a speedy subsidence of the public infatua- 
tion, met with disappointment. A Governor and 
Legislature were to be elected, and these were now 
looked forward to for a repeal of the ruinous State 
policy. But the grand scheme had not yet lost its 
dazzling influence upon the minds of the people. 
Time and experience had not yet fully demonstrated 
its utter absurdity. Hence the question of arresting 
its career of profligate expenditures did not become 
a leading one with the dominant party during the 
campiign, and most of the old members of the Leg 
islature were returned at this election. 

Under these circumstances the Democrats, in State 
Convention assembled, nominated Mr. Carlin for the 
office of Governor, and S. H. Anderson for Lieuten- 
ant Governor, while the Whigs nominated Cyrus Ed- 
wards, brother of Ninian Edwards, formerly Governor, 
and W. H. Davidson. Edwards came out strongly 
for a continuance of the State policy, while Carlb 
remained non-committal. This was the first time 
that the two main political parties in this State were 
unembarrassed by any third party in the field. The 
result of the election was: Carlin, 35,573 ; Ander- 
son, 30,335 ; Edwards, 29,629 ; and Davidson, 28,- 


Upon the meeting of the subsequent Legislature 
(1S39), the retiring Governor (.Duncan^ in his mes- 

• 3 6 


sage spoke in emphatic terms of the impolicy of the 
internal improvement system, presaging the evils 
Uireatened, and uiged that body to do their utmost 
to correct the great error ; yet, on the contrary, the 
Legislature not only decided to continue the policy 
but also added to its burden by voting more appro- 
priations and ordering more improvements. Although 
the money market was still stringent, a further loan 
of $4,000,000 was ordered for the Illinois & Mich- 
igan Canal alone. Cti'cago at that time began to 
loom up and promise to be an important city, even 
the great emporium of the West, as it has since in- 
ceed came to be. Ex-Gov. Reynolds, an incompe- 
tent financier, was commissioned to effect the loan, 
and accordingly hastened to the East on this respons- 
ible errand, and negotiated the loans, at considera- 
ble sacrifice to the State. Besides this embarrassment 
sc Carlin's administration, the Legislature also de- 
clared that he had no authority to appoint a Secretary 
of State until a vacancy existed, and A. P. Field, a 
Whig, who had already held the post by appointment 
.h rough three administrations, was determined to 
keep the place a while longer, in spite of Gov. Car- 
lin's preferences. The course of the Legislature in 
:his regard, however, was finally sustained by the 
Supreme Court, in a quo warranto case brought up 
before it by John A. McClernand, whom the Gov- 
ernor had nominated for the office. Thereupon that 
dignified body was denounced as a "Whig Court!'' 
endeavoring to establish the principle of life-tenure 
of office. 

A new law was adopted re-organizing the Judici- 
ary, and under it five additional Supreme Judges 
were elected by the Legislature, namely, Thomas 
Ford (afterward Governor), Sidney Breese, Walter B. 
States, Samuel H. Treat and Stephen A. Douglas — 
all Democrats. 

It was during Cov. Carlin's administration that the 
noisy campaign of ''Tippecanoe and Tyler too " oc- 
curred, resulting in a Whig victory. This, however, 
did net affect Illinois politics very seriously. 

Another prominent event in the West during Gov. 
Carlin's term of office was the excitement caused by 
the Mormons and their removal from Independence, 
Mo., to Nauvoo, 111., in 1840. At the same time 
they began to figure somewhat in State politics. On 
account of their believing — as they thought, accord- 
ing to the Mew Testament — that they should have 

" all things common," and that consequently " all 
the earth " and all that is upon it were the" Lord's " 
and therefore the property of his " saints," Ihey 
were suspected, and correctly, too, of committing 
many of the deeds of larceny, robbery, etc., that 
were so rife throughout this country in those days. 
Hence a feeling of violence grew up between the 
Mormons and "anti-Mormons." In the State of 
Missouri the Mormons always supported the Dem- 
ocracy until they were driven out by the Democratic 
government, when they turned their support to the 
Whigs. They were becoming numerous, and in the 
Legislature of 1840-1, therefore, it became a matter 
of great interest with both parties to conciliate these 
people. Through the agency of one John C. Ben- 
nett, a scamp, the Mormons succeeded in rushing 
through the Legislature (both parties not daring ;o 
oppose) a charter for the city of Nauvoo which vir- 
tually erected a hierarchy co-ordinate with the Fed- 
eral Government itself. In the fall of 1841 the 
Governor of Missouri made a demand upon Gov. 
Carlin for the body of Joe Smith, the Mormon leader, 
as a fugitive from j ustice. Gov. Carlin issued th ; 
writ, but for some reason it was returned unserved. 
It was again issued in 1842, and Smith was arrested, 
but was either rescued by his followers or discharged 
by the municipal court on a writ of habeas corpus. 

In December, 1841, the Democratic Convention 
nominated Adam W. Snyder, of Belleville, for Gov- 
ernor. As he had been, as a member of the Legisla- 
ture, rather friendly to the Mormons, the latter 
naturally turned their support to the Democratic 
party. The next spring the Whigs nominated Ex- 
Gov. Duncan for the same office. In the meantime 
the Mormons began to grow more odious to the 
masses of the people, and the comparative prospects 
of the respective parties for success became very 
problematical. Mr. Snyder died in May, and 
Thomas Ford, a Supreme Judge, was substituted as 
a candidate, and was elected. 

At the close of his gubernatorial term, Mr. Carlin 
removed back to his old home at Carrollton, where 
he spent the remainder of his life, as before his ele- 
vation to office, in agricultural pursuits. In 18-9 
he served out the unexpired term of J. D. Fry in the 
Illinois House of Representatives, and died Feb. 4. 
1S52, at his residence at Carrollton, leaving a wife? 
and seven children. 






_ .^. *.*& -& *~ 

=3*~ •**ir<&~3<i 

^■ i-y ^ 

"^HOMAS FORD, Governor 
from 1842 to 1S46, and au- 
thor of a very interesting 
history of Illinois, was born 
at Uniontown, Pa., in the 
year 1 800. His mother, after 
the death of her first hus- 
band (Mr. Forquer), married Rob- 
ert Ford, who was killed in 1802. 
by the Indians in the mountains 
of Pennsylvania. She was conse- 
quently left in indigent circum- 
stances, with a large family, mostly 
girls. With a view to better her 
condition, she, in 1804, removed to 
Missouri, where it had been cus- 
tomary by the Spanish Govern- 
ment to give land to actual settlers; but upon her 
arrival at St. Louis she found the country ceded to 
the United States, and the liberal policy toward set- 
tlers changed by the new ownership. After some 
sickness to herself and family, she finally removed to 
Illinois, and settled some three miles south of Water- 
loo, but the following year moved nearer the Missis- 
sippi bluffs. Here young Ford received his first 

schooling, under the instructions of a Mr. Humphrey, 
for which he had to walk three miles. His mother, 
though lacking a thorough education, was a woman 
of superior mental endowments, joined to energy 
and determination of character. She inculcated in 
her children those high-toned principles which dis- 
tinguished her sons in public life. She exercised a 
rigid economy to provide her children an education ; 
but George Forquer, her oldest son (six years older 
than Thomas Ford), at an early age had to quit 
school to aid by his labor in the support of the family. 
He afterward became an eminent man in Illinois 
affairs, and but for his early death would probably 
have been elected to the United States Senate. 

Young Ford, with somewhat better opportunities, 
received a better education, though limited to the 
curriculum of the common school of those pioneer 
times. His mind gave early promise of superior en- 
dowments, with an inclination for mathematics. His 
proficiency attracted the attention of Hon. Daniel P. 
Cook, who became his efficient patron and friend 
The latter gentleman was an eminent Illinois states- 
man who, as a Member of Congress, obtained a grant 
of 300,000 acres of land to aid in completing the 
Illinois &: Michigan Canal, and after whom the 
I county of Cook was named. Through the advice of 

! 4 


this gentleman, Mr. Ford turned his attention to the 
study of law; but Forquer, then merchandising, re- 
garding his education defective, sent him to Transyl- 
vania University, where, however, he remained but 
one term, owing to Forquer's failure in business. On 
his return he alternated his law reading with teach- 
ing school for support. 

In 1829 Gov. Edwards appointed him Prosecuting 
Attorney, and in 1831 he was re-appointed by Gov. 
Reynolds, and after that he was four times elected a 
Tudge by the Legislature, without opposition, twice a 
Circuit Judge, once a Judge of Chicago, and as As- 
sociate Judge of the Supreme Court, when, in 1841, 
the latter tribunal was re-organized by the addition 
of five Judges, all Democrats. Ford was assigned to 
the Ninth Judicial Circuit, and while in this capacity 
ne was holding Court in Ogle County he received a 
notice of his nomination by the Democratic Conven- 
tion for the office of Governor. He immediately re- 
signed his place and entered upon the canvass. In 
August, 1842, he was elected, and on the 8th of De- 
cember following he was inaugurated. 

All the offices which he had held were unsolicited 
by him. He received them upon the true Jefferson- 
ian principle, — Never to ask and never to refuse 
office. Both as a lawyer and as a Judge he stood 
deservedly high, but his cast of intellect fitted him 
rather for a writer upon law than a practicing advo- 
cate in the courts. In the latter capacity he was void 
of the moving Dower of eloquence, so necessary to 
success with juries. As a Judge his opinions were 
^ound, lucid and able expositions of the law. In 
practice, he was a stranger to the tact, skill and in- 
sinuating address of the politician, but he saw through 
;he arts of demagogues as well as any man. He was 
plain in his demeanor, so much so, indeed, that at 
one time after the expiration of his term of office, 
during a session of the Legislature, he was taken by 
a stranger 10 be a seeker for the position of door- 
keeper, and was waited upon at his hotel near mid- 
night by a knot of small office-seekers with the view 
Df effecting a "combination ! " 

Mr. Ford had not the " brass " of the ordinary 
politician, nor that impetuosity which characterizes a 
political leader. He cared little for money, and 
hardly enough for a decent support. In person he 
was of small stature, slender, of dark complexion, 
with black hair, sharp features, deep-set eyes, a 
pointed, aquiline nose having a decided twist to one 
side, and a small mouth. 

The three most important events in Gov. Ford's 
administration were the establishment of the high 
financial credit of the State, the " Mormon War "and 
•he Mexican War. 

In the first of tnese the Governor proved himself 
'o be eminently wise. On coming into office he found 
'he State badly paralyzed by the ruinous effects of 
.r.c notorious "internal improvement" schemes of 

the preceding decade, with scarcely anything to 
show by way of "improvement." The enterprise 
that seemed to be getting ahead more than all the 
rest was the Illinois & Michigan Canal. As this 
promised to be the most important thoroughfare, 
feasible to the people, it was well under headway in 
its construction. Therefore the State policy was 
almost concentrated upon it, in order to rush it on tc 
completion. Tlie bonded indebtedness of the State 
was growing so large as to frighten the people, and 
they were about ready to entertain a proposition for 
repudiation. But the Governor had the foresight to 
recommend such measures as would maintain the 
public credit, for which every citizen to-day feels 

But perhaps the Governor is remembered more for 
his connection with the Mormon troubles than for 
anything else; for it was during his term of office 
that the " Latter-Day Saints " became so strong at 
Nauvoo, built their temple there, increased their num- 
bers throughout the country, committed misdemean- 
ors, taught dangerous doctrines, suffered the loss of 
their leader, Jo Smith, by a violent death, were driven 
out of Nauvoo to the far West, etc. Having been a 
|udge for so many years previously, Mr. Ford of 
course was non-committal concerning Mormon affairs, 
and was therefore claimed by both parties and also 
accused by each of sympathizing too greatly with the 
other side. Mormonism claiming to be a system of 
religion, the Governor no doubt was " between two 
fires," and felt compelled to touch the matter rather 
" gingerly," and doubtless felt greatly relieved when 
that pestilential people left the State. Such compli- 
cated matters, especially when religion is mixed up 
with them, expose every person participating in 
them to criticism from all parties. 

The Mexican War was begun in the spring of 
1845, and was continued into the gubernatorial term 
of Mr. Ford's successor. The Governor's connection 
with this war, however, was not conspicuous, as it 
was only administrative, commissioning officers, etc. 
Ford's " History of Illinois " is a very readable and 
entertaining work, of 450 small octavo pages, and is 
destined to increase in value with the lapse of time. 
It exhibits a natural flow of compact and forcible 
thought, never failing to convey the nicest sense. In 
tracing with his trenchant pen the devious operations 
of the professional politician, in which he is inimit- 
able, his account is open, perhaps, to the objection 
that all his contemporaries are treated as mere place- 
seekers, while many of them have since been judged 
by the people to be worthy statesmen. His writings 
seem slightly open to the criticism that they exhibit 
a little splenetic partiality against those of hi* con- 
temporaries who were prominent during his term of 
office as Governor. 

The death of Gov. Ford took place at Peoria, 111., 
I Nov. 2, 1850. 

^^<p^^ 6^>^^c^y 





Augustus C. French, 

Augustus c. French, 

Governor of Illinois from 
1846 to 1 S5 2, was born in 
the town of Hill, in the 
State of New Hampshire, 
Aug. 2, 1 80S. He was a 
descendant in the fourth 
generation ot Nathaniel 
French, who emigrated from England 
in 1687 and settled in Saybury, Mass. 
In early life young French lost his 
father, but continued to receive in- 
struction from an exemplary and 
Christian mother until he was 19 years 
old. when she also died, confiding to 
his care and trust four younger broth- 
ers and one sister. He discharged his trust with 
parental devotion. His education in early life was 
such mainly as a common school afforded. For a 
Drief period he attended Dartmouth College, but 
from pecuniary causes and the care of his brothers 
and sister, he did not graduate. He subsequently 
read law, and was admitted to the Bar in 1831, and 
shortly afterward removed to Illinois, settling first at 
Albion, Edwards County, where he established him- 
self in the practice of law. The following year he 
removed to Paris, Edgar County. Here he attained 
eminence in his profession, and entered public life 
by representing that county in the Legislature. A 
jtrong attachment sprang up between him and Ste- 
phen A. Douglas. 

In 1839, Mr. French was appointed Receiver of 
the United States Land Office at Palestine, Craw- 
ford County, at which place he was a resident when 

elevated to the gubernatorial chair. In 1S44 he was 
a Presidential Elector, and as such he voted for 
Tames K. Polk. 

The Democratic State Convention of 1846, meet- 
ing at Springfield Feb. 10, nominated Mr. French 
for Governor. Other Democratic candidates were 
Lyman Trumbull, John Calhoun (subsequently of 
Lecompton Constitution notoriety), Walter B. Scates. 
Richard M. Young and A. W. Cavarly, — an array of 
very able and prominent names. Trumbull was per- 
haps defeated in the Convention by the rumor that 
he was opposed to the Illinois and Michigan Canal, 
as he had been a year previously. For Lieutenant 
Governor J. B. Wells was chosen, while other candi- 
dates were Lewis Ross, Win. McMurtry, Newton 
Cloud, J. B. Hamilton and W. W. Thompson. The 
resolutions declared strongly against the resuscita- 
tion of the old State Banks. 

The Whigs, who were in a hopeless minority, held 
their convention June 8, at Peoria, and selected 
Thomas M. Kilpatrick, of Scott County, for Governor, 
and Gen. Nathaniel G. Wilcox, of Schuyler, for 
Lieutenant Governor. 

In the campaign the latter exposed Mr. French's 
record and connection with the passage of the in- 
ternal improvement system, urging it against his 
election; but in the meantime the war with Mexico 
broke out, regarding which the Whig record was un- 
popular in this State. The war was the absorbing 
and dominating question of the period, sweeping 
every other political issue in its course. The elec- 
tion in August gave Mr. French 58,700 votes, and 
Kilpatrick only 36,775. Richard Eells, Abolitionist 
candidate for the same office, received 5,152 vot»s 



By the new Constitution of 184S, a new election for 
State officers was ordered in Novembei of that year, 
before Gov. French's term was half out, and he was 
re-elected for the term of four years. He was there- 
fore the incumbent for six consecutive years, the 
only Governor of this State who has ever served in 
that capacity so long at one time. As there was no 
organized opposition to his election, he received 67,- 
453 votes, to 5,639 for Pierre Menard (son of the 
first Lieutenant Governor), 4,748 for Charles V. 
Dyer, 3,834 for W. L. D. Morrison, and i,36r for 
James L. D. Morrison. But Wm. McMurtry, of 
Knox County, was elected Lieutenant Governor, in 
place of Joseph B. Wells, who was before elected 
and did not run again. 

Governor French was inaugurated into office dur- 
ing the progress of the Mexican War, which closed 
during the summer of 1847, although the treaty of 
Guadalupe Hidalgo was not made until Feb. 2, 
1848. The policy of Gov. French's party was com- 
mitted to that war, but in connection with that affair 
he was, of course, only an administrative officer. 
During his term of office, Feb. 19, 1847, the Legisla- 
ture, by special permission of Congress, declared that 
all Government lands sold to settlers should be im- 
mediately subject to State taxation; before this they 
were exempt for five years after sale. By this ar- 
rangement the revenue was materially increased. 
About the same lime, the distribution of Government 
.'and warrants among the Mexican soldiers as bounty 
threw upon the market a great quantity of good 
lands, and this enhanced the settlement of the State. 
The same Legislature authorized, with the recom- 
mendation of the Governor, the sale of the Northern 
Cross Railroad (from Springfield to Meredosia, the 
first in the State and now a section of the Wabash, 
St. Louis & Pacific) It sold for $100,000 in bonds, 
ilthough it had cost the State not less than a million. 
The salt wells and canal lands in the Saline reserve 
in Gallatin County, granted by the general Govern- 
ment to the State, were also authorized by the 
Governor to be sold, to apply on the State debt. In 
1850, for the first time since 1839, the accruing State 
revenue, exclusive of specific appropriations, was 
sufficient to meet the current demands upon the 
treasury. The aggregate taxable property of the 
State at this time was over $100,000,000, and ths 
population 851,47.-1. 

In 1S49 the Legislature adopted the township or- 
ganization law, which, however, proved defective, 
and was properly amended in 1851. At its session 
in the latter year, the General Assembly also passed 
a law to exempt homesteads from sale on executions 
This beneficent measure had been repeatedly urged 
upon that body by Gov. French. 

In 1S50 some business men in St. Louis com- 
menced to build a dike opposite the lower part of 
their city on the Illinois side, to keep the Mississippi 
in its channel near St. Louis, instead of breaking 
away from them as it sometimes threatened to do. 
This they undertook without permission from the 
Legislature or Executive authority of this State ; and 
as many of the inhabitants thera complained that 
the scheme would inundate and ruin much valuable 
land, there was a slight conflict of jurisdictions, re- 
sulting in favor of the St. Louis project; and since 
then a good site has existed there for a city (East St. 
Louis), and now a score of railroads center there. 

It was in September, r85o, that Congress granted 
to this State nearly 3,000,000 acres of land in aid of 
the completion of the Illinois Central Railroad, 
which constituted the most important epoch in the 
railroad — we might say internal improvement — his- 
tory of the State. The road was rushed on to com- 
pletion, which accelerated the settlement of the in- 
terior of the State by a good class of industrious citi- 
zens, and by the charter a good income to the State 
Treasury is paid in from the earnings of the road. 

In 185 1 the Legislature passed a law authorizing 
free stock banks, which was the source of much leg- 
islative discussion for a number of years. 

But we have not space further to particularize 
concerning legislation. Gov. French's administra- 
tion was not marked by any feature to be criticised, 
while the country was settling up as never before. 

In stature, Gov. French was of medium height, 
squarely built, light complexioned, with ruddy face 
and pleasant countenance. In manners he was 
plain and agreeable. By nature he was somewhat 
diffident, but he was often very outspoken in his con- 
victions of duty. In public speech he was not an 
orator, but was chaste, earnest and persuasive. In 
.business he was accurate and methodical, and in his 
administration he kept up the credit of the State. 

He died in rS65, at his home in Lebanon, St 
Clair Co.. Til. 




|OEL A. MATTESON, Governor 
r §{fe** 1853-6, was born Aug. 8, 1808, 
in Jefferson County, New York, 
to which place his father had re- 
moved from Vermont three years 
before. His father was a farmer 
in fair circumstances, but a com- 
mon English education was all 
that his only son received. Young 
Joel first tempted fortune as a 
small tradesman in Prescott, 
Canada, before he was of age. 
He returned from that place to 
his home, entered an academy, 
taught school, visited the prin- 
cipal Eastern cities, improved a farm his father had 
given him, made a tour in the South, worked there 
in building railroads, experienced a storm on the 
Gulf of Mexico, visited the gold diggings of Northern 
Georgia, and returned via Nashville to St. Louis and 
through Illinois to his father's home, when he mar- 
ried. In 1833, having sold his farm, he removed, 
ivith his wife and one child, to Illinois, and entered 
a claim on Government land near the head of An 
Sable River, in what is now Kendall County. At 
that time there were not more than two neighbors 
within a range of ten miles of his place, and only 
<hree or four houses between him and Chicago. He 
opened a large farm. His family was boarded 1 2 

miles away while he erected a house on his claim, 
sleeping, during this time, under a rude pole shed. 
Here his life was once placed in imminent peril by 
a huge prairie rattlesnake sharing his bed. 

In 1835 he bought largely at the Government land 
sales. During the speculative real-estate mania which 
broke out in Chicago in 1836 and spread over the State, 
he sold his lands under the inflation of that period 
and removed to Joliet. In 1838 he became a heavy 
contractor on the Illinois & Michigan Canal. Upon 
the completion of his job in 1841, when hard times 
prevailed, business at a stand, contracts paid in State 
scrip; when all the public works except the canal 
were abandoned, the State offered for sale 700 tons 
of railroad iron, which was purchased by Mr. Mat- 
teson at a bargain. This he accepted, shipped and 
sold at Detroit, realizing a very handsome profit, 
enough to pay off all his canal debts and leave him a 
surplus of several thousand dollars. His enterprise 
next prompted him to start a woolen mill at Joliet, 
in which he prospered, and which, after successive 
enlargements, became an enormous establishment. 

In 1842 he was first elected a State Senator, but, 
by a bungling apportionment, jc. in Pearson, a Senato- 
holding over, was found to be in the same distric*., 
and decided to be entitled to represent it. Mat- 
teson's seat was declared vacant. Pearson, however 
with a nobleness difficult to appreciate in this day of 



greed for office, unwilling to represent his district 
under the circumstances, immediately resigned his 
unexpired term of two years. A bill was passed in a 
few hours ordering a new election, and in ten days' 
time Mr. Matteson was returned re-elected and took 
his seat as Senator. From his well-known capacity 
as a business man, he was made Chairman of the 
Committee on Finance, a position he held during 
this half and two full succeeding Senatorial terms, 
discharging its important duties with ability and faith- 
fulness. Besides his extensive woolen-mill interest, 
when work was resumed on the canal under the new 
loan of $1,600,000 he again became a heavy con- 
tractor, and also subsequently operated largely in 
building railroads. Thus he showed himself a most 
energetic and thorough business man. 

He was nominated for Governor by the Demo- 
cratic State Convention which met at Springfield 
April 20, 1852. Other candidates before the Con- 
vention were D. L. Gregg and F. C. Sherman, of 
Cook ; John Dement, of Lee ; Thomas L. Harris, of 
Menard; Lewis W. Ross, of Fulton ; and D. P. Bush, 
of Pike. Gustavus Koerner, of St. Clair, was nom- 
inated for Lieutenant Governor. For the same offices 
the Whigs nominated Edwin B. Webb and Dexter A. 
Knowlton. Mr. Matteson received 80,645 votes at 
the election, while Mr. Webb received 64,408. Mat- 
teson's forte was not on the stump; he had not cul- 
tivated the art of oily flattery, or the faculty of being 
all things to all men. His intellectual qualities took 
rather the direction of efficient executive ability. His 
turn consisted not so much in the adroit manage- 
ment of party, or the powerful advocacy of great gov- 
ernmental principles, as in those more solid and 
enduring operations which cause the physical devel- 
opment and advancement of a State, — of commerce 
and business enterprise, into which he labored with 
success to lead the people. As a politician he was 
just and liberal in his views, and both in official and 
private life he then stood untainted and free from 
blemish. As a man, in active benevolence, social 
rirtues and all the amiable qualities of neighbor or 
citizen, he had few superiors. His messages present 
a perspicuous array of facts as to the condition of the 
State, and are often couched in forcible and elegant 

The greatest excitement during his term of office 
was the repeal of the Missouri Compromise, by Con- 

gress, under the leadership of Stephen A. Douglas in 
1854, when the bill was passed organizing the Terri- 
tory of Kansas and Nebraska. A large portion of 
the Whig party of the North, through their bitter op- 
position to the Democratic party, naturally drifted 
into the doctrine of anti-slavery, and thus led to what 
was temporarily called the "Anti-Nebraska" party, 
while the followers of Douglas were known as " Ne- 
braska or Douglas Democrats." It was during this 
embryo stage of the Republican party that Abraham 
Lincoln was brought forward as the "Anti-Nebraska" 
candidate for the United States Senatorship, while 
Gen. James Shields, the incumbent, was re-nom- 
inated by the Democrats. But after a fewballotings 
in the Legislature (1855), these men were dropped, 
and Lyman Trumbull, an Anti-Nebraska Democrat, 
was brought up by the former, and Mr. Matteson, 
then Governor, by the latter. On the nth ballot 
Mr. Trumbull obtained one majority, and was ac- 
cordingly declared elected. Before Gov. Matteson 's 
term expired, the Republicans were fully organized 
as a national party, and in 1856 put into the field a 
full national and State ticket, carrying the State, but 
not the nation. 

The Legislature of 1855 passed two very import- 
ant measures, — the present free-school system and a 
submission of the Maine liquor law to a vote of the 
people. The latter was defeated by a small majority 
of the popular vote. 

During the four years of Gov. Matteson s admin- 
istration the taxable wealth of the State was about 
trebled, from $137,818,079 to $349,951,272; the pub- 
lic debt was reduced from $17,398,985 to $12,843,- 
144; taxation was at the same time reduced, and the 
State resumed paying interest on its debt in New 
York as fast as it fell due; railroads were increased 
in their mileage from something less than 400 to 
about 3.000 ; and the population of Chicago was 
nearly doubled, and its commerce more than quad- 

Before closing this account, we regret that we have 
to say that Mr. Matteson, in all other respects an 
upright man and a good Governor, was implicated 
in a false re-issue of redeemed canai scrip, amount- 
ing to $224,182.66. By a suit in the Sangamon Cir- 
cuit Court the State recovered the principal and all 
the interest excepting $27,500. 

He died in the winter of 187 2-3, at Chicago. 




^illiai^ I£. ©issdl. 

.' ■' ; .' : i f .v : .' : / : . r ^i' :)■:»■ : ■' ?* } :v : i. :. : i .:v. l i:v. 1 . w-\ i c\ 

i » i *. 1 . i 

^ emor 1857-60, was bom 
£S April 25, 1S11, in the 
State of New York, near 
Painted Post, Yates County. 
His parents were obscure, 
honest. God-fearing people, 
who reared their children under the daily 
example of industry and frugality, accord- 
ing to the custom of that class of Eastern 
society. Mr. Bissell received a respecta- 
ble but not thorough academical education. 
By assiduous application he acquired a 
knowledge of medicine, and in his early 
manhood came West and located in Mon- 
roe County, this State, where he engaged in the 
practice of that profession. But he was not enam- 
ored of his calling: he was swayed by a broader 
ambition, to such an extent that the mysteries of the 
healing art and its arduous duties failed to yield him 
further any charms. In a few years he discovered 
his choice of a profession to be a mistake, and when 
he approached the age of $o he sought to begin 
anew. Dr. Bissell, no doubt unexpectedly to him- 
self, discovered a singular facility and charm of 
speech, the exercise of which acquired for him a 
readv local notorietv. It soon came to be under- 

stood that he desired to abandon his profession and 
take up that of the law. During terms of Court he 
would spend his time at the county seat among, the 
members of the Bar, who extended to him a ready 

It was not strange, therefore, that he should drift 
into public life. In 1840 he was elected as a Dem- 
ocrat to the Legislature from Monroe County, and 
was an efficient member of that body. On his re- 
turn home he qualified himself for admission to the 
Bar and speedily rose to the front rank as an advo- 
cate. His powers of oratory were captivating. With a 
pure diction, charming and inimitable gestures, 
clearness of statement, and a remarkable vein of sly 
humor, his efforts before a jury told with irresistible 
effect. He was chosen by the Legislature Prosecut- 
ing Attorney for the Circuit in which he lived, and 
in that position he fully discharged his duty to the 
State, gained the esteem of the Bar, and seldom 
failed to convict the offender of the law. 

In stature he was somewhat tall and slender, and 
with a straight, military bearing, he presented a dis- 
tinguished appearance. His complexion was dark, 
his head well poised, though not large, his address 
pleasant and manner winning. He was exemplarv 
in his habits, a devoted husband and kind parent. 
He was twice married, the first time to Miss Tames, 

15 2 


of Monroe County, by whom he had two children, 
both daughters. She died soon after the year 1840, 
and Mr. B. married for his second wife a daughter 
of Elias K. Kane, previously a United States Senator 
from this State. She survived him but a short time, 
and died without issue. 

When the war with Mexico was declared in 1 846, 
Mr. Bissell enlisted and was elected Colonel of his 
regiment, over Hon. Don Morrison, by an almost 
unanimous vote, — 807 to 6. Considering the limited 
opportunities he had had, he evinced a high order of 
military talent. On the bloody field of Buena Vista 
he acquitted himself with intrepid and distinguished 
ability, contributing with his regiment, the Second 
Illinois, in no small degree toward saving the waver- 
ing fortunes of our arms during that long and fiercely 
contested battle. 

After his return home, at the close of the war, he 
was elected to Congress, his opponents being the 
Hons. P. B. Fouke and Joseph Gillespie. He served 
two terms in Congress. He was an ardent politician. 
During the great contest of 1850 he voted in favor 
of the adjustment measures; but in 1854 he opposed 
the repeal of the Missouri Compromise act and 
therefore the Kansas-Nebraska bill of Douglas, and 
thus became identified with the nascent Republican 

During his first Congressional term, while the 
Southern members were following their old practice 
of intimidating the North by bullying language, 
and claiming most of the credit for victories in the 
Mexican War, and Jefferson Davis claiming for the 
Mississippi troops all the credit for success at Buena 
Vista, Mr. Bissell bravely defended the Northern 
troops : whereupon Davis challenged Bissell to a duel, 
which was accepted. This matter was brought up 
against Bissell when he was candidate for Governor 
and during his term of office, as the Constitution of 
this State forbade any duelist from holding a State 

In 1856, when the Republican party first put forth 
a candidate, John C. Fremont, for President of the 
United States, the same party nominated Mr. Bissell 
for Governor of Illinois, and John Wood, of Quincy, 
for Lieutenant Governor, while the Democrats nomi- 
nated Hon. W. A. Richardson, of Adams County, 
for Governor, and Col. R. J. Hamilton, of Cook 
County, for Lieutenant Governor. The result of the 

election was a plurality of 4,729 votes over Richard- 
son. The American, or Know-Nothing, party had a 
ticket in the field. The Legislature was nearly bal- 
anced, but was politically opposed to the Governor. 
His message to the Legislature was short and rathei 
ordinary, and was criticised for expressing the sup- 
posed obligations of the people to the incorporators 
of the Illinois Central Railroad Company and for re- 
opening the slavery question by allusions to the 
Kansas troubles. Late in the session an apportion- 
ment bill, based upon the State census of 1855, was 
passed, amid much partisan strife. The Governor 
at first signed the bill and then vetoed it. A furious 
debate followed, and the question whether the Gov- 
ernor had the authority to recall a signature was 
referred to the Courts, that of last resort deciding in 
favor of the Governor. Two years afterward another 
outrageous attempt was made for a re-apportionment 
and to gerrymander the State, but the Legislature 
failed to pass the bill over the veto of the Governor. 

It was during Gov. Bissell's administration that 
the notorious canal scrip fraud was brought to light 
implicating ex-Gov. Matteson and other prominent 
State officials. The principal and interest, aggregat- 
ing $255,500, was all recovered by the State except- 
ing $27,500. (See sketch of Gov. Matteson.) 

In 1859 an attempt was discovered to fraudu- 
lently refund the Macalister and Stebbins bonds and 
thus rob the State Treasury of nearly a quarter of a 
million dollars. The State Government was impli- 
cated in this affair, and to this day remains unex- 
plained or unatoned for. For the above, and other 
matters previously mentioned, Gov. Bissell has been 
severely criticised, and he has also been most shame- 
fully libelled and slandered. 

On account of exposure in the army, the remote 
cause of a nervous form of disease gained entrance 
into his system and eventually developed paraplegia, 
affecting his lower extremities, which, while it left 
his body in comparative health, deprived him of loco- 
motion except by the aid of crutches. While he was 
generally hopeful of ultimate recovery, this myste- 
rious disease pursued him, without once relaxing its 
stealthy hold, to the close of his life, March 18, 
i860, over nine months before the expiration of his 
gubernatorial term, at the early age of 48 years. He 
died in the faith of the Roman Catholic Church, of 
which He harV been a member since 1854. 







p- : OHN WOOD, Governor 1 860-1, and 
ftp** the first settler of Quincy, 111., 
was born in the town of Sempro- 
nius (now Moravia), Cayuga Co. f 
N. Y., Dec. 20, 1798. He was 
the second child and only son of 
Dr. Daniel Wood. His mother, 
nee Catherine Crause, was- of 
German parentage, and died 
while he was an infant. Dr. 
Wood was a learned and skillful 
physician, of classical attain- 
ments and proficient in several 
modern lai.guages, who, after 
serving throughout the Revolu- 
tionary War as a Surgeon, settled on the land granted 
him by the Government, and resided there a re- 
spected and leading influence in his section until his 
death, at the ripe age of 92 years. 

The subject of this sketch, impelled by the spirit 
of Western adventure then pervading everywhere, 
left his home, Nov. 2, 1818, and passed the succeed- 
ing winter in Cincinnati, Ohio. The following sum- 
mer he pushed on to Illinois, landing at Shawneetown. 
and spent the fall and following winter in Calhoun 
County. In 1820, in company with Willard Keyes, 
he settled in Pike County, about 30 miles southeast 
of Quincy, where for the next two years he pursued 
fanning. In 1821 he visited "the Bluffs" (as the 
present site of Quincy was called, then uninhabited) 
and, pleased with its prospects, soon after purchased 
a quarter-section of land near by, and in the follow- 
ing fall (1822) erected near the river a small cabin, 

18 x 20 feet, the first building in Quincy, of which 
he then became the first and for some months the 
only occupant. 

About this time he visited his old friends in Pike 
County, chief of whom was William Ross, the lead- 
ing man in building up the village of Atlas, of that 
county, which was thought then to be the possible 
commencement of a city. One day they and others 
were traveling together over the country between the 
two points named, making observations on the com- 
parative merits of the respective localities. On ap- 
proaching the Mississippi near Mr. Wood's place 
the latter told his companions to follow him and he 
would show them where he was going to build a city. 
They went about a mile off the main trail, to a high 
point, from which the view in every direction was 
most magnificent, as it had been for ages and as yet 
untouched by the hand of man. Before them swept 
by the majestic Father of Waters, yet unburdened by 
navigation. After Mr. Wood had expatiated at 
length on the advantages of the situation, Mr. Ross 
replied, " But it's too near Atlas ever to amount to 

Atlas is still a cultivated farm, and Quincy is ? 
city of over 30,000 population. 

In 1824 Mr. Wood gave a newspaper notice, 
as the law then prescribed, of his intention to apply 
to the General Assembly for the formation of a new 
county. This was done the following winter, result- 
ing in the establishment of the present Adams 
County. During the next summer Quincy was se- 
lected as the county seat, it and the vicinity then 
containing but four adult male residents and hall 


that number of females. Since that period Mr. 
Wood resided at the place of his early adoption un- 
til his death, and far more than any other man was 
he identified with every measure of its progress and 
history, and almost continuously kept in public posi- 

He was one of the early town Trustees, and after 
the place became a city he was often a member of 
the City Council, many times elected Mayor, in the 
f ace of a constant large opposition political majority. 
In 1850 he was elected to the State Senate. In ^56, 
on the organization of the Republican party, he was 
chosen Lieutenant Governor of the State, on the 
ticket with Win. H. Bissell for Governor, and on the 
death of the latter, March iS, rS6o, he succeeded to 
the Chief Executive chair, which he occupied until 
Gov. Yates was inaugurated nearly ten months after- 

Nothing very marked characterized the adminis- 
tration of Gov. Wood. The great anti-slavery cam- 
paign of r86o, resulting in the election of the honest 
Illinoisan, Abraham Lincoln, to the Presidency of the 
United States, occurred during the short period 
while Mr. Wood was Governor, and the excitement 
and issues of that struggle dominated over every 
other consideration, — indeed, supplanted them in a 
great measure. The people of Illinois, during all 
that time, were passing the comparatively petty strifes 
under Bissell's administration to the overwhelming 
issue of preserving the whole nation from destruction. 

In 1861 ex-Gov. Wood was one of the five Dele- 
gates from Illinois to the " Peace Convention " at 
Washington, and in April of the same year, on the 
breaking cut of the Rebellion, he was appointed 

Quartermaster-General of the State, which position 
he held throughout the war. In 1S64 he took com- 
mand as Colonel of the r37th 111. Vol. Inf., with 
whom he served until the period of enlistment ex- 

Politically, Gov. Wood was always actively identi- 
fied with the Whig and Republican parties. Few 
men have in personal experience comprehended so 
many surprising and advancing local changes as 
vested in the more than half century recollections of 
Gov. Wood. Sixty-four years ago a solitary settler 
on the "Bluffs,'' with no family, and no neighbor 
within a score of miles, the world of civilization away 
behind him, and the strolling red-man almost his 
only visitant, he lived to see growing around him, 
and under his auspices and aid, overspreading the 
wild hills and scraggy forest a teaming city, second 
only in size in the State, and surpassed nowhere in 
beauty, prosperity and promise; whose people recog- 
nize as with a single voice the proverbial honor and 
liberality that attach to the name and lengthened 
life of their pioneer settler, "the old Governor." 

Gov. Wood was twice married, — first in January, 
1S2C, to Ann M. Streeter, daughter of Joshua Streeter, 
formerly of Salem, Washington Co., X. Y. They had 
eight children. Mis. W. died Oct. 8, 1863, and in 
June, 1S65, Gov. Wood married Mrs. Mary A., widow 
of Rev. Joseph T. Holmes. Gov. Wood died June 4, 
1SS0, at his residence in Quincy. Four of his eight 
children are now living, namely: Ann E., wife of 
Gen. John Tillson; Daniel C, who married Mary J. 
Abernethy; John, Jr., who married Josephine Skinner, 
and Joshua S., who married Annie Bradley. The 
last mentioned now resides at Atchison, Kansas, and 
all the rest are still at Quincy. 





I^iel\ard Yates. 

>ICHARD YATES, the "War 
Governor/' iS6i-4, bom 
Jan. 1 8, 1818, on the banks of 
the Ohio River, at V'arsaw, 
Gallatin Co., Ky. His lather 
g^ moved in 1831 to Illinois, and 
after stopping for a time in 
Springfield, settled at Island 
Grove, Sangamon County. Here, 
after attending school, Richard joined 
the family. Subsequently he entered 
Illinois College at Jacksonville, 
where, in 1S37, he graduated with 
first honors. He chose for his pro- 
fession the law, the Hon. J. J. Har- 
din being his instructor. After ad- 
mission to the Bar he soon rose to distinction as an 

Gifted with a fluent and ready oratory, he soon 
appeared in the political hustings, and, being a 
passionate admirer of the great Whig leader of the 
West. Henry Clay, he joined his political fortunes to 
he party of his idol. In 1840 he engaged with great 
-•rdor in the exciting "hard cider" campaign for 
riarrison. Two years later he was elected to the 
Legislature from Morgan County, a Democratic 
stronghold. He served three or four terms in the 
Legislature, and such was the fascination of his ora- 
:^ry that by 1850 his large Congressional District, 
extending from Morgan and Sangamon Counties 
. orth to include LaSalle, unanimously tendered him 
fire Whig nomination for Congress. His Democratic 
opponent was Maj. Thomas L. Harris, a very pop- 
ular man who had won distinction at the battle of 
Cerro Gordo, in the Mexican War, and who had 
peaten Hon. Stephen T. Logan for the same position. 

two years before, by a large majority. Yates w<j.- 
elected. Two years later he was re-elected, over 
John Calhoun. 

It was during Yates second terra iii Congress that 
the great question of the repeal of the Missouri Com- 
promise was agitated, and the bars laid down for re- 
opening the dreaded anti-slavery question. He took 
strong grounds against the repeal, and thus became 
identified with the rising Republican party. Conse- 
quently he fell into the minority in his district, which 
was pro-slavery. Even then, in a third contest, he 
fell behind Major Harris only 200 votes, after the 
district had two years before given Pierce 2,000 
majority for President. 

The Republican State Convention of r86o met at 
Decatur May 9, and nominated for the office of Gov- 
ernor Mr. Yates, in preference to Hon. Norman B, 
Judd, of Chicago, and Leonard Swett, of Blooming- 
ton, two of the ablest men of the State, who were 
also candidates before the Convention. Francis A 
Hoffman, of DuPage County, was nominated for 
Lieutenant Governor. This was the year when Mr 
Lincoln was a candidate for President, a period re- 
membered as characterized by the great whirlpool 
which precipitated the bloody War of the Rebellion. 
The Douglas Democrats nominated J. C. Allen cf 
Crawford County, for Governor, and Lewis W. Ro-s, 
of Fulton County, for Lieutenant Governor. The 
Breckenridge Democrats and the Bell-Everett party 
had also full tickets in the field. After a most fear- 
ful campaign, the result of the election gave Mr. 
Yates 172,196 votes, and Mr, Allen 159,253. Mr. 
Yates received over a thousand more votes than did 
Mr. Lincoln himself. 

Gov. Yates occupied the chair of State during the 



most critical period of our country's history. In the 
fate of the nation was involved that of each State. 
The life struggle of the former derived its sustenance 
from the loyalty of the latter; and Gov. Yates 
seemed to realize the situation, and proved himself 
both loyal and wise in upholding the Government. 
He had a deep hold upon the affections of the 
people, won by his moving eloquence and genial 
manners. Erect and symmetrical in person, of pre- 
possessing appearance, with a winning address and a 
magnetic power, few men possessed more of the ele- 
ments of popularity. His orator)' was scholarly and 
captivating, his hearers hardly knowing why they 
were transported. He was social and convivial. In 
the latter respect he was ultimately carried too far. 

The very creditable military efforts of this State 
during the War of the Rebellion, in putting into the 
field the enormous number of about 200,000 soldiers, 
were ever promptly and ably seconded by his excel- 
lency ; and the was ambitious to deserve the title of 
"the soldier's friend." Immediately after the battle of 
Shiloh he repaired to the field of carnage to look 
after the wounded, and his appeals for aid were 
promptly responded to by the people. His procla- 
mations calling for volunteers were impassionate 
appeals, urging upon the people the duties and re- 
quirements of patriotism; and his special message 
in 1863 to the Democratic Legislature of this State 
pleading for material aid for the sick and wounded 
soldiers of Illinois regiments, breathes a deep fervor 
of noble sentiment and feeling rarely equaled in 
beauty or felicity of expression. Generally his mes- 
sages on political and civil affairs were able and com- 
prehensive. During his administration, however, 
there were no civil events of an engrossing character, 
although two years of his time were replete with 
partisan quarrels of great bitterness. Military ar- 
rests, Knights of the Golden Circle, riot in Fulton 
County, attempted suppression of the Chicago Times 
and the usurping State Constitutional Convention of 
1 S62, were the chief local topics that were exciting 
during the Governor's term. This Convention assem- 
bled Jan. 7, and at once took the high position that 
v ie law calling it was no longer binding, and that it 
ad supreme power; that it represented a virtual 
assemblage of the whole people of the State, and was 
sovereign in the exercise of all power necessary to 
effect a peaceable revolution of the State Government 

and to the re-establishment of one for the "happiness., 
prosperity and freedom of the citizens," limited only 
by the Federal Constitution. Notwithstanding the 
law calling the Convention required its members to 
take an oath to support the Constitution of the State 
as well as that of the general Government, they 
utterly refused to take such oath. They also as- 
sumed legislative powers and passed several import- 
ant "laws!" Interfering with the (then) present 
executive duties, Gov. Yates was provoked to tell 
them plainly that " he did not acknowledge the right 
of the Convention to instruct him in the performance 
of his duty." 

In 1863 the Governor astonished the Democrats 
by " proroguing " their Legislature. This body, after 
a recess, met June 2, that year, and soon began to 
waste time upon various partisan resolutions ; and, 
while the two houses were disagreeing upon the 
question of adjourning sine die, the Governor, having 
the authority in such cases, surprised them all by 
adjourning them " to the Saturday next preceding the 
first Monday in January, 1865 ! " This led to great 
excitement and confusion, and to a reference of the 
Governor's act to the Supreme Court, who decided in 
his favor. Then it was the Court's turn to receive 
abuse for weeks and months afterward. 

During the autumn of 1864 a conspiracy was de- 
tected at Chicago which had for its object the liber- 
ation of the prisoners of war at Camp Douglas, the 
burning of the city and the inauguration of rebellion 
in the North. Gen. Sweet, who had charge of the 
camp at the time, first had his suspicions of danger 
aroused by a number of enigmatically worded letters 
which passed through the Camp postofrice. A de- 
tective afterward discovered that the rebel Gen. 
Marmaduke was in the city, under an assumed 
name, and he, with other rebel officers — Grenfell, 
Morgan, Cantrell, Buckner Morris, and Charles 
Walsh — was arrested, most of whom were convicted 
by a court-martial at Cincinnati and sentenced to 
imprisonment, — Grenfell to be hung. The sentence 
of the latter was afterward commuted to imprison- 
ment for life, and all the others, after nine months' 
imprisonment, were pardoned. 

In March, 1873, Gov. Yates was appointed a Gov- 
ernment Director of the Union Pacific Railroad, in 
which office he continued until his decease, at St 
Louis, Mo., on the 27th of November following. 



Miehard J* Oglesby. 



ernor 1865-8, and re-elected 
in 1872 and 1884, was born 
July 25, 1824, in Oldham Co., 
Ky., — the State which might 
be considered the " mother of 
Illinois Governors." Bereft of 
his parents at the tender age 
of eight years, his early education 
was neglected. When 12 years of 
age, and after he had worked a year 
and a half at the carpenter's trade, 
he removed with an uncle, Willis 
Oglesby, into whose care he had 
been committed, to Decatur, this 
State, where he continued his ap- 
prenticeship as a mechanic, working six months for 
Hon. E. O. Smith. 

In 1844 he commenced studying law at Spring- 
field, with Judge Silas Robbins, and read with him 
one year. He was admitted to the Bar in 1845, and 
commenced the practice of his chosen profession at 
Sullivan, the county seat of Moultrie County. 

The next year the war with Mexico was com- 
menced, and in June, 1846, Mr. Oglesby volunteered, 
was elected First Lieutenant of Co. C, Fourth Illinois 
Regiment of Volunteers, and participated in the bat- 
tles of Vera Cruz and Cerro Gordo. 

On his return he sought to perfect his law studies 
by attending a course of lectures at Louisville, but 
on the breaking out of the California "gold fever " in 
1849, he crossed the plains and mountains to the 
new Eldorado, driving a six-mule team, with a com- 


pany of eight men, Henry Prather being the leader. 

In 1852 he returned home to Macon County, and 
was placed that year by the Whig party on the ticket 
of Presidential Electors. In 1856 he visited Europe, 
Asia and Africa, being absent 20 months. On his 
return home he resumed the practice of law, as a 
member of the firm of Gallagher, Wait & Oglesby. 
In 1858 he was the Republican nominee for the 
Lower House of Congress, but was defeated by the 
Hon. James C. Robinson, Democrat. In i860 he 
was elected to the Illinois State Senate ; and on the 
evening the returns of this election were coming in, 
Mr. Oglesby had a fisticuff encounter with " Cerro 
Gordo Williams," in which he came out victorious, 
and which was regarded as " the first fight of the 
Rebellion." The following spring, when the w.u 
had commenced in earnest, his ardent nature 
quickly responded to the demands of patriotism and 
he enlisted. The extra session of the Legislature 
elected him Colonel of the Eighth Illinois Infantry, 
the second one in the State raised to suppress the 
great Rebellion. 

He was shortly entrusted with important com- 
mands. For a time he was stationed at Bird's Point 
and Cairo; in April he was promoted Brigadier Gen- 
eral; at Fort Donelson his brigade was in the van, 
being stationed on the right of General Grant's army 
and the first brigade to be attacked. He lost 500 
men before re-inforcements arrived. Many of these 
men were from Macon County. He was engaged in 
the battle of Corinth, and, in a brave charge at this 
place, was shot in the left lung with an ounce ball, 
and was carried from the field in expectation of jrn.- 



mediate death. That rebel ball he .carries to this 
day. On his partial recovery he was promoted as 
Major General, for gillantry, his commission to rank 
from November, 1862. In the spring of 1863 he 
was assigned to the command of the 16th Army 
Corps, but, owing to inability fro 11 the effects of his 
wound, he relinquished this command in July, that 
year. Gen. Grant, however, refused to accept his 
resignation, and he was detailed, in December follow- 
ing, to court-martial and try the Surgeon General of 
the Army at Washington, where he remained until 
May, 1864, when he returned home. 

The Republican, or Union, State Convention of 

1864 was held at Springfield, May 25, when Mr. 
Oglesby was nominated for the office of Governor, 
while other candidates before the Convention were 
Allen C. Fuller, of Boone, Jesse K. Dubois, of Sanga- 
mon, and John M. Palmer, of Macoupin. Win. 
Bross, of Chicago, was nominated for Lieutenant 
Governor. On the Democratic State ticket were 
James C. Robinson, of Clark, for Governor, and S. 
Corning Judd, of Fulton, for Lieutenant Governor. 
The general election gave Gen. Oglesby a majority 
of about 31,000 votes. The Republicans had also a 
majority in both the Legislature and in the repre- 
sentation in Congress. 

Gov. Oglesby was duly inaugurated Jan. 17, 1865. 
The day before the first time set for his installation 
death v.sited his home at Decatur, and took from it 
his only son, an intelligent and sprightly lad of six 
years, a great favorite of the bereaved parents. This 
caused the inauguration to be postponed a week. 

The political events of the Legislative session of 

1865 were the election of ex-Gov. Yates to the 
United States Senate, and the ratification of the 13th 
amend nent to the Constitution of the United States, 
abolishing slavery. This session also signalized 
itself by repealing the notorious " black laws," part 
of which, although a dead letter, had held their place 
upon the statute books since 1819. Also, laws re- 
quiring the registration of voters, and establishing a 
State Board of Equalization, were passed by this Leg- 
islature. But the same body evinced that it was cor- 
ruptly influenced by a mercenary lobby, as it adopted 
some bad legislation, over the Governor's veto, nota- 
bly an amendment to a charter for a Chicago horse 
railway, granted in 1S59 for 25 years, and now 
sought to be extended 99 years. As this measure 
was promptly passed over his veto by both branches 
of the Legislature, he deemed it useless further to 
attempt to check their headlong career. At this 
session no law of a general useful character or public 
interest was perfected, unless we count such the 
turning over of the canal to Chicago to be deepened. 
The session of 1867 was still more productive of 
private and special acts. Many omnibus bills were 
proposed, and some passed. The contests over the 
.oration of the Industrial College, the Capital, the 

Southern Penitentiary, and the canal enlargement 
and Illinois River improvement, dominated every 
thing else. 

During the year 1872, it became evident that il 
the Republicans could re-elect Mr. Oglesby to the 
office of Governor, they could also elect him to the 
United States Senate, which they desired to do. 
Accordingly they re-nominated him for the Execu- 
tive chair, and placed upon the ticket with him for 
Lieutenant Governor, John L. Beveridge, of Cook 
County. On the other side the Democrats put into 
the field Gustavus Koemer for Governor and John 
C. Black for Lieutenant Governor. The election 
gave the Republican ticket majorities ranging from 
35>334 to 56,174, — 'he Democratic defection being 
caused mainly by their having an old-time Whig and 
Abolitionist, Horace Greeley, on the national ticket 
for President. According to the general understand- 
ing had beforehand, as sodu as the Legislature met 
it elected Gov. Oglesby to the United States Senate, 
whereupon Mr. Beveridge became Governor. Sena- 
tor Oglesby's term expired March 4, 1879, having 
served his party faithfully and exhibited an order of 
statesmanship beyond criticism. 

During the campaign of 1884 Mr. Oglesby was 
nominated for a "third term" as Executive of the 
State of Illinois, against Carter H. Harrison, Mayor 
of Chicago, nominated by the Democrats. Both 
gentlemen "stumped " the State, and while the peo- 
ple elected a Legislature which was a tie on a join: 
ballot, as between the two parties, they gave the 
jovial " Dick" Oglesby a majority of 15,018 for Gov- 
ernor, and he was inaugurated Jan. 30, 1885. The 
Legislature did not fully organize until this date, on 
account of its equal division between the two main 
parties and the consequent desperate tactics of each, 
party to checkmate the latter in the organization of 
the House. 

Gov. Oglesby is a fine-appearing, affable man, with 
regular, well defined features and rotund face. In 
stature he is a little above medium height, of a large 
frame and somewhat fleshy. His physical appear 
ance is striking and prepossessing, while his straight- 
out, not to say bluff, manner and speech are wel. 
calculated favorably to impress the average masses. 
Ardent in feeling and strongly committed to the pol- 
icies of his party, he intensifies Republicanism 
among Republicans, while at the same time hisjovia. 
and liberal manner prevents those of the opposite 
party from hating him. 

He is quite an effective stump orator. With vehe- 
ment, passionate and scornful tone and gestures, 
tremendous physical power, which in speaking he 
exercises to the utmost ; with frequent descents to 
the grotesque; and with abundant homely compari- 
sons or frontier figures, expressed in the broadest 
vernacular and enforced with stentorian emphasis, 
he delights a promiscuous audience beyond measure. 




J o if xV M. Pa l mer 



1Kb ''■■ 


ernor 1869-72, was born on 
E.igle Creek, Scott Co., Ky., 
Sept. 13, 1817. During his in- 
fancy, his father, who had been 
a soldier in the war of 18 12, re- 
moved to Christian Co., Ky., 
where lands were cheap. Here 
the future Governor of the great 
Prairie State spent his childhood 
and received such meager school- 
ing as the new and sparsely set- 
tled country afforded. To this 
he added materially by diligent 
reading, for which he evinced an 
eaily aptitude. His father, an ardent Jackson man, 
was also noted for his anti-slavery sentiments, which 
he thoroughly impressed upon his children. In 183 1 
he emigrated to Illinois, settling in Madison County. 
Here the labor of improving a farm was pursued for 
about two years, when the death of Mr. Palmer's 
mother broke up the family. About this time Alton 
College was opened, on the "manual labor " system, 
and in the spring of 1834 young Palmer, with his 
elder brother, Elihu, entered this school and remained 
18 months. Next, for over three years, he tried 
variously coopering, peddling and school-teaching. 

During the summer of 1838 he formed the ac- 
quaintance of Stephen A. Douglas, then making his 

first canvass for Congress. Young, eloquent and in 
political accord with Mr. Palmer, he won his confi- 
dence, fired his ambition and fixed his purpose. The 
following winter, while teaching near Canton, he be- 
gan to devote his spare time to a desultory reading 
of law, and in the spring entered a law office at Car- 
linville. making his home with his elder brother, 
Elihu. (The latter was a learned clergyman, of con- 
siderable orginality of thought and doctrine.) On 
the next meeting of the Supreme Court he was ad- 
mitted to the Bar, Douglas being one of his examiners. 
He was not immediately successful in his profession, 
and would have located elsewhere than Carlinville 
had he the requisite means. Thus his early poverty 
was a blessing in disguise, for to it he now attributes 
the success of his life. 

From 1839 on, while he diligently pursued his 
profession, he participated more or less in local 
politics. In 1843 he became Probate Judge. Ir 
1 847 he was elected to the State Constitutional Con 
vention, where he took a leading part. In 1852 hi 
was elected to the State Senate, and at the special 
session of February, 1854, true to the anti-slaver} 
sentiments bred in him, he took a firm stand in op 
position to the repeal of the Missouri Compromise 
and when the Nebraska question became a part} 
issue he refused to receive a re-nomination for th< 
Senatorship at the hands of the Democracy, issuing 
a circular to that effect. A few weeks afterward. 



however, hesitating to break with his party, he par- 
ticipated in a Congressional Convention which nomi- 
I. L. Harris against Richard Yates, and which 
i i | i.ilifiedly approved the principles of the Kansas- 
Nebraska act. But bter in the campaign he made 
the pkmge, ran for the Senate as an Anti-Nebraska 
Democrat, and was elected. The following winter 
K p it i i nomination for the United States Senate 
Mr. Trumbull, and was one of the five steadfast men 
who voted for him until all the Whigs came to their 
support and elected their man. 

In 1S56 he was Chairman of the Republican State 
Convention at Blootnington. He ran for Congress in 
1859, but was defeated. In 1S60 he was Republican 
Presidential Elector for the State at large. In 1861 
ne was appointed one of the five Delegates (all Re- 
publicans) sent by Illinois to the peace congress at 

When the civil conflict broke out, he offered his 
services to his country, and was elected Colonel of the 
■4th 111. Vol. Inf., and participated in the engagements 
at Island No. 10; at Farmington, where he skillfully 
extricated his command from a dangerous position ; 
at Stone River, where his division for several hours, 
Dec. 31, 1862, held the advance and stood like a 
rock, and for his gallantry there he was made Major 
General; at Chickamauga, where his and Van Cleve's 
divisions for two hours maintained their position 
when they were cut off by overpowering numbers. 
Under Gen. Sherman, he was assigned to the 14th 
Army Corps and participated in the Atlanta campaign. 
At Pe.ich-Tree Creek his prudence did much to avert 
disaster. In February, 1865, Gen. Palmer was as- 
signed to the military administration of Kentucky, 
which was a delicate post. That State was about 
half rebel and half Union, and those of the latter 
element were daily fretted by the loss of their slaves. 
He, who had been bred to the rules of common law, 
trembled at the contemplation of his extraordinary 
power over the persons and property of his fellow 
men, with which he was vested in his capacity as 
military Governor; and he exhibited great caution in 
the execution of the duties of his post. 

Gen. Palmer was nominated for Governor of Illi- 
nois by the Republican State Convention which met 
at Peoria May 6, 1868, and his nomination would 
probably have been made by acclamation had he not 
persistently declared that he could not accept a can- 

didature for the office. The result of the ensuing 
election gave Mr. Palmer a majority of 44,707 over 
John R. Eden, the Democratic nominee. 

On the meeting of the Legislature in January, 
1869, the first thing to arrest public attention was 
that portion of the Governor's message which took 
broad State's rights ground. This and some minor 
points, which were more in keeping with the Demo- 
cratic sentiment, constituted the entering wedge fir 
the criticisms and reproofs he afterward received 
from the Republican party, and ultimately resulted 
in his entire aleniation from the latter element. The 
Legislature just referred to was noted for the intro- 
duction of numerous bills in the interest of private 
parties, which were embarrassing to the Governor. 
Among the public acts passed was that which limited 
railroad charges for passenger travel to a maximum 
of three cents per mile ; and it was passed over the 
Governor's veto. Also, they passed, over his veto, 
the "tax-grabbing law" to pay r^ilrosi subscriptions, 
the Chicago Lake Front bill, etc. The new State 
Constitution of 1870, far superior to the old, was a 
peaceful " revolution" which took place during Gov. 
Palmer's term of office. The suffering caused by the 
great Chicago Fire of October, 187 r, was greatly 
alleviated by the prompt responses of his excellency. 

Since the expiration of Gov. Palmers 's term, he has 
been somewhat prominent in Illinois politics, and 
has been talked of by many, especially in the Dem- 
ocratic party, as the best man in the State for a 
United States Senator. His business during life has 
been that of the law. Few excel him in an accurate 
appreciation of the depth and scope of its principles- 
The great number of his able veto messages abun- 
dantly testify not only this but also a rare capacity to 
point them out. He is a logical and cogent reasoner 
and an interesting, forcible and convincing speaker, 
though not fluent or ornate. Without brilliancy, his 
dealings are rather with facts and ideas than with 
appeals to passions and prejudices. He is a patriot 
and a statesman of very high order. Physically he is 
above the medium height, of robust frame, ruddy 
complexion and sanguine-nervous temperament. He 
has a large cranial development, is vivacious, social 
in disposition, easy of approach, unostentatious in his 
habits of life, democratic in his habits and manners 
and is a true American in his fundamental principle. 1 
of statesmanship. 




•. '. . •. •. '. : '. : ', : '. • ■, ; •. •. '■ •. v..', •. ■, •. '. •. >y.> : >• : 1 1 : .' : .' : v .* .' .' ■' .' i'_.j r ■' i t ssi t ^>'^? i'^ 



IDGE, Governor 1873-6, was 
born in the town of Green- 
wich, Washington Co., N. Y., 
July 6, 1824. His parents 
£g5*kr/ were George and Ann Bever- 
"J.-^3i4^-l|^ '<Jg e - His father's parents, An- 
drew and Isabel Bcveridge, be- 
fore their marriage emigrated 
from Scotland just before the 
Revolutionary War, settling in 
Washington County. His father 
was the eldest of eight brothers, the 
youngest of whom was 60 years of 
age when the first one of the num- 
ber died. His mother's parents, 
James and Agnes Hoy, emigrated 
from Scotland at the close of the 
Revolutionary War, settling also in 
Washington Co., N. Y., with their 
first-born, whose " native land " was 
the wild ocean. His parents and 
grandparents lived beyond the time 
allotted to man, their average age 
being over 80 years. They belonged to the " Asso- 
ciate Church," a seceding Presbyterian body of 

America from the old Scotch school ; and so rigid 
was the training of young Beveridge that he never 
heard a sermon from any other minister except that 
of his own denomination until he was in his 19th 
year. Later in life he became a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, which relation he still 

Mr. Beveridge received a good common-school ed- 
ucation, but his parents, who could obtain a livelihood 
only by rigid economy and industry, could not send 
him away to college. He was raised upon a farm, 
and was in his 18th year when the family removed 
to De Kalb County, this State, when that section was 
very sparsely settled. Chicago had less than 7,000 
inhabitants. In this wild West he continued as a 
farm laborer, teaching school during the winter 
months to supply the means of an education. In the 
fall of 1S42 he attended one term at the academy at 
Granville, Putnam Co., 111., and subsequently several 
terms at the Rock River Seminary at Mount Morris. 
Ogle Co., 111., completing the academic course. At 
this time, the fall of 1845, his parents and brothers 
were anxious to have him go to college, even though 
he had not money sufficient; but, nat willing to bur- 
den the family, he packed his trunk and with only 
$40 in money started South to seek his fortune 



Poor, alone, without friends and influence, lie thus 
entered upon the battle of life. 

First, he taught school in Wilson, Overton and 
Jackson Cos., Tenn., in which experience he under- 
went considerable mental drill, both in book studies 
and in the ways of the world. He read law and was 
admitted to the Bar, in the South, but did not learn 
to love the institution of slavery, although he ad- 
mired many features of Southern character. In De- 
cember, 1847, he returned North, and Jan. 20, 1S48, 
he married Miss Helen M. Judson, in the old Clark- 
Street M. E. church in Chicago, her father at that 
time being Pastor of the society there. In the spring 
of 1S48 he returned with his wife to Tennessee, 
where his two children. Alia May and Philo judson, 
were born. 

In the fall of 1849, through the mismanagement 
of an associate, he lost what little he had accumu- 
lated and was left in debt. He soon managed to 
earn means to pay his debts, returned to De Kalb 
Co., 111., and entered upon the practice of his pro- 
fession at Sycamore, the county seat. On arrival 
from the South he had but one-quarter of a dollar in 
money, and scanty clothing and bedding for himself 
and family. He borrowed a little money, practiced 
.aw, worked in public offices, kept books for some of 
the business men of the town, and some railroad en- 
gineering, till the spring of 1854, when he removed 
to Evanston, 1 2 miles north of Chicago, a place then 
but recently laid out, under the supervision of the 
Northwestern University, a Methodist institution. 
Of the latter his father-in-law was then financial 
agent and business manager. Here Mr. Beveridge 
prospered, and the next year (1855) opened a law 
office in Chicago, where he found the battle some- 
what hard; but he persevered with encouragement 
and increasing success. 

Aug. 12, 1861, his law partner, Gen. John F. 
Farnsworth, secured authority to raise a regiment cf 
cavalry, and authorized Mr. Beveridge to raise a 
company for it. He succeeded in a few days in rais- 
ing the company, of course enlisting himself along 
with it. The regiment rendezvoused at St. Charles, 
HI., was mustered in Sept. rS, and on its organiza- 
tion Mr. B. was elected Second Major. It was at- 
tached, Oct. rr, to the Eighth Cavalry and to the 
Army of the Potomac. He served with the regiment 
until November, 1S65, participating in some 40 bat- 

tles and skirmishes : was at Fair Oaks, the seven days' 
fight around Richmond, Fredericksburg, Chancellors- 
ville and Gettysburg. He commanded the regiment 
the greater part of the summer of 1S63, and it was while 
lying in camp this year that he originated the policy 
of encouraging recruits as well as the fighting capac- 
ity of the soldiery, by the wholesale furlough system 
It worked so well that many other officers adopted 
it. In the fall of this year he recruited another com- 
pany, against heavy odds, in January, 1S64, was 
commissioned Colonel of the t7th 111. Cav., and 
skirmished around in Missouri, concluding with the 
reception of the surrender of Gen. Kirby Smiths 
army in Arkansas. In 1865 he commanded various 
sub-districts in the Southwest. He was mustered 
out Feb. 6, 1866, safe from the casualties of war and 
a stouter man than when he first enlisted. His men 
idolized him. 

He then returned to Chicago, to practice law, with 
no library and no clientage, and no political experi- 
ence except to help others into office. In the fall of 
1866 he was elected Sheriff of Cook County, serving 
one term; next, until November, 1870, he practiced 
law and closed up the unfinished business of h;- 
office. He was then elected State Senator; in No- 
vember, 187 1, he was elected Congressman at large; 
in November, 1S72, he was elected Lieutenant Gov- 
ernor on the ticket with Gov. Oglesby ; the latter be- 
ing elected to the U. S. Senate, Mr. Beveridge became 
Governor, Jan. 21, 1873. Thus, inside of a few 
weeks, he was Congressman at large, Lieutenant 
Governor and Governor. The principal events oc- 
curring during Gov. Beveridge's administration were: 
The completion of the revision of the statutes, begun 
in T869; the partial success of the "farmers' move- 
ment;" " Haines' Legislature " and Illinois' exhibit at 
the Centennial. 

Since the close of his gubernatorial term ex-Gov 
Beveridge has been a member of the firm of Bever- 
idge & Dewey, bankers and dealers in commercial 
paper at 7 1 Dearborn Street (McCormick Block). 
Chicago, and since November, 1S81, he has also been 
Assistant United States Treasurer : office in the 
Government Building. His residence is still at Ev- 

He has a brother and two sisters yet residing in 
De Kalb County — James H. Beveridge, Mrs. Jennet 
Henry and Mrs. Isabel French. 



nor 1877-83,(5 the sixth child 
of the late Richard N. Cullom, 
and was born Nov. 22, 1829, in 
Wayne Co., Ky., where his fa- 
ther then resided, and whence 
both the Illinois and Tennessee 
branches of the family originated. In 
the following year the family emi- 
grated to the vicinity of Washington, 
Tazewell Co., 111., when that section 
was very sparsely settled. They lo- 
cated on Deer Creek, in a grove at 
the time occupied by a party of In- 
dians, attracted there by the superior 
hunting and fishing afforded in that 
vicinity. The following winter was 
known as the " hard winter," the snow [being very 
deep and lasting and the weather severely cold; and 
the family had to subsist mainly on boiled corn or 
hominy, and some wild game, for several weeks. In 
the course of time Mr. R. N. Cullom became a prom- 
inent citizen and was several times elected to the 
Legislature, both before and after the removal of the 
capital from Vandalia to Springfield. He died about 


Until about 19 years of age young Cullom grew up 
to agricultural pursuits, attendi-.'g school as he had 
•opportunity during the winter. Within this time, 

swever, he spent several months teaching school. 

and in the following summer he "broke prairie "with 
an ox team for the neighbors. With the money ob- 
tained by these various ventures, he undertook a 
course of study at the Rock River Seminary, a 
Methodist institution at Mt. Morris, Ogle County; 
but the sudden change to the in-door life of a stu- 
dent told severely upon his health, and he was taken 
home, being considered in a hopeless condition. While 
at Mt. Morris he heard Hon. E. B. Washburne make 
his first speech. 

On recovering health, Mr. Cullom concluded to 
study law, under the instruction of Abraham Lincoln, 
at Springfield, who had by this time attained some 
notoriety as an able lawyer; but the latter, being ab- 
sent from his office most of the time, advised Mr. 
Cullom to enter the office of Stuart & Edwards. 
After about a year of study there, however, his health 
failed again, and he was obliged to return once more 
to out-door life. Accordingly he bought hogs for 
packing, for A. G. Tyng, in l'eoria, and while he re- 
gained his health he gained in purse, netting $400 in 
a few weeks. Having been admitted to the Bar, he 
went to Springfield, where he was soon elected City 
Attorney, on the Anti-Nebraska ticket. 

In 1856 he ran on the Fillmore ticket as a Presi- 
dential Elector, and, although failing to be elected as 
such, he was at the same time elected a Representa- 
tive in the Legislature from Sangamon County, by a 
local coalition of the American and Republican par- 
ties. On the organization of the House, he received 
the vote of the Fillmore men for Speaker. Practicir^ 

r 7 6 


law until i860, he was again elected to the Legisla- 
ture, as a Republican, while the county went Demo- 
cratic on the Presidential ticket. In January follow- 
ing he was elected Speaker, probably the youngest 
man who had ever presided over an Illinois Legis- 
lature. After the session of 1 861, he was a candidate 
for the State Constitutional Convention called for 
that year, but was defeated, and thus escaped the 
disgrace of being connected with that abortive parly 
scheme to revolutionize the State Government. In 
1862 he was a candidate for the State Senate, but 
was defeated. The same year, however, he was ap- 
pointed by President Lincoln on a Government 
Commission, in company with Gov. Boutwell of 
Massachusetts and Cnarles A. Dana, since of the 
New York Sun, to investigate the affairs of the 
Quartermaster's and Commissary Departments at 
Cairo. He devoted several months to this duty. 

In 1864 he entered upon a larger political field, 
being nominated as the Republican candidate for 
Congress from the Eighth (Springfield) District, in 
opposition to the incumbent, JohnT. Stuart, who had 
been elected in 1862 by about 1,500 majority over 
Leonard Swett, then of Bloomington, now of Chicago. 
The result was the election of Mr. Cullom in Novem- 
ber following by a majority of 1,785. In 1866 he 
was re-elected to Congress, over Dr. E. S. Fowler, by 
the magnificent majority of 4,103! In 1868 he was 
again a candidate, defeating the Hon. B. S. Edwards 
another of his old preceptors, by 2,884 votes. 

During his first term in Congress he served on the 
Committee on Foreign Affairs and Expenditures in 
the Treasury Department; in his second term, on 
the Committees on Foreign Affairs and on Territories ; 
and in his third term he succeeded Mr. Ashley, of 
Ohio, to the Chairmanship of the latter. He intro- 
duced a bill in the House, to aid in the execution of 
law in Utah, which caused more consternation among 
the Mormons than any measure had previously, but 
which, though it passed the House, failed to pass the 

The Republican Convention which met May 25, 
1876, nominated Mr. Cullom for Governor, while the 
other contestant was Gov. Beveridge. For Lieuten- 
ant-Governor they nominated Andrew Shuman, editor 
of the Chicago Journal. For the same offices the 
Democrats, combining with the Anti-Monopolists, 
placed in nomination Lewis Steward, a wealthy 

farmer and manufacturer, and A. A. Glenn. The 
result of the election was rather close, Mr. Cullom 
obtaining only 6,800 majority. He was inaugurated 
Jan. 8, 1877. 

Great depression prevailed in financial circles at 
this time, as a consequence of the heavy failures of 
1S73 and afterward, the effect of which had seemed 
to gather force from that time to the end of Gov. 
Cullom's first administration. This unspeculative 
period was not calculated to call forth any new 
issues, but the Governor's energies were at one time 
put to task to quell a spirit of insubordination that 
had been begun in Pittsburg, Pa., among the laboring 
classes, and transferred to Illinois at Chicago, East 
St. Louis and Braidwood, at which places laboring 
men for a short time refused to work or allow others 
to work. These disturbances were soon quelled and 
the wheels of industry again set in motion. 

In May, 1880, Gov. Cullom was re-nominated by 
the Republicans, against Lyman Trumbull, by the 
Democrats; and although the former party was some- 
what handicapped in the campaign by a zealous 
faction opposed to Grant for President and to Grant 
men for office generally, Mr. Cullom was re-elected 
by about 314,565, to 277,532 forthe Democratic State 
ticket. The Greenback vote at the same time was 
about 27,000. Both Houses of the Legislature again 
became Republican, and no representative of the 
Greenback or Socialist parties were elected. Gov. 
Cullom was inaugurated Jan. 10, 1SS1. In his mes- 
sage he announced that the last dollar of the State 
debt had been provided for. 

March 4, 1883, the term of David Davis as United 
States Senator from Illinois expired, and Gov. Cul- 
lom was chosen to succeed him. This promoted 
Lieutenant-Governor John M. Hamilton to the Gov- 
ernorship. Senator Cullom's term in the United 
States Senate will expire March 4, 1889. 

As a practitioner oflaw Mr. C. has been a member 
of the firm of Cullom, Scholes & Mather, at Spring- 
field ; and he has also been President of the State 
National Bank. 

He has been married twice, — the first time Dec. 
12, 1855, to Miss Hannah Fisher, by whom he had 
two daughters; and the second time May 5, 1863, 
to Julia Fisher. Mrs. C is a member of the Method- 
ist Episcopal Church, with which religious body Mr. 
C. is also in sympathy. 



ag#ss: o as: 

I ^ olpt jML Hai^iltoi^- I 



TON, Governor 1S83-5, was 
born May 28, 1847, in a log 
house upon a farm about two 
miles from Richwood, Union 
County, Ohio. His father was 
Is Samuel Hamilton, the eldest son 
cf Rev. Wm. Hamilton, who, to- 
gether with his brother, the Rev. 
^amuel Hamilton, was among the 
early pioneer Methodist preachers in 
Ohio. The mother of the subject of 
this sketch was, before her marriage, 
Mrs. Nancy McMorris, who was 
born and raised in Fauquier or Lou- 
doun County, Va., and related to the 
two large families of Youngs and Marshalls, well 
known in that commonwealth; and from the latter 
family name was derived the middle name of Gov. 

In March, r854, Mr. Hamilton's father sold out 
his little pioneer forest home in Union County, O., 
and, loading his few household effects and family 
(of six children) into two emigrant covered wagons, 
moved to Roberts Township. Marshall Co., 111., being 
21 days on the route. Swamps, unbridged streams 
and innumerable hardships and privations met them 
on their way. Their new home had been previously 
selected by the father. Here, after many long years 
of toil, they succeeded in payii.g for the land and 
making a comfortaWe home. John was, of course, 

brought up to hard manual labor, with no schooling 
except three or four months in the year at a common 
country school. However, he evinced a capacity 
and taste for a high order of self-education, by 
studying or reading what books be could borrow, as 
the family had but very few in the house. Much of 
his study he prosecuted by the light of a log fire in 
the old-fashioned chimney place. The financial 
panic of 1S57 caused the family to come near losing 
their home, to pay debts ; but the father and two 
sons, William and John, " buckled to '' and perse- 
vered in hard labor and economy until thev redeemed 
their place from the mortgage. 

When the tremendous excitement of the political 
campaign of i860 reached the neighborhood of Rob- 
erts Township, young Hamilton, who had been 
brought up in the doctrine of anti-slavery, took a zeal- 
ous part in favor of Lincoln's election. Making special 
efforts to procure a little money to buy a uniform, he 
joined a company of Lincoln Wide- Awakes at Mag- 
nolia, a village not far away. Directly after the 
ensuing election it became evident that trouble 
would ensue with the South, and this Wide-Awake 
company, like many others throughout the country, 
kept up its organization and transformed itself into a 
military company. During the ensuing summer thev 
met often for drill and became proficient; but when 
they offered themselves for the war, young Hamilton 
was rejected on account of his youth, he being then 
but 14 years of age. During the winter of 1863-4 he 
attended an academy at Henry, Marshall County 



and in the following May he again enlisted, for the 
fourth time, when he was placed in the 141st 111. 
Vol Inf., a regiment then being raised at Elgin, 111., 
for the 100-day service. He took with him 13 other 
lads from his neighborhood, for enlistment in the 
service. This regiment operated in Southwestern 
Kentucky, for about five months, under Gen. Paine. 

The following winter, 1864-5, ^ r - Hamilton taught 
school, and during the two college years 1865-7, he 
went through three years of the curriculum of the 
Ohio Wesleyan University at Delaware, Ohio. The 
third year he graduated, the fourth in a class of 46, 
in the classical department. In due time he received 
the degree of M. A. For a few months he was the 
Principal of Marshall " College " at Henry, an acad- 
emy under the auspices of the M. E. Church. By 
this time he had commenced the study of law, and 
after earning some money as a temporary Professor 
of Latin at the Illinois Wesleyan University at 
Bloomington, he entered the law office of Weldon, 
Tipton & Benjamin, of that city. Each member of 
this firm has since been distinguished as a Tudge. 
Admitted to the Bar in May, 1S70, Mr. Hamilton 
was given an interest in the same firm, Tipton hav- 
ing been elected Judge. In October following he 
formed a partnership with J. H. Rowell, at that time 
Prosecuting Attorney. Their business was then 
>mall, but they increased it to very large proportions, 
practicing in all grades of courts, including even the 
U. S. Supreme Court, and this partnership continued 
1 ; iroken until Feb. 6, 1883, when Mr. Hamilton 
was sworn in as Executive of Illinois. On the 4th 
of March following Mr. Rowell took his seat in Con- 

In July, 1S71. Mr. Hamilton married Miss Helen 
M. Williams, the daughter of Prof. Wm. G. Williams, 
Professor of Greek in the Ohio Wesleyan University. 
Mr. and Mrs. H. have two daughters and one son. 

In 1876 Mr. Hamilton was nominated by the Re- 
publicans for the State Senate, over other and older 
competitors. He took an active part '' on the stump " 
in the campaign, for the success of his party, and was 
sleeted by a majority of 1,640 over his Democratic- 
Greenback opponent. In the Senate he served on 
the Committees on Judiciary, Revenue, State Insti- 
tutions, Appropriations, Education, and on Miscel- 
lany ; and during the contest for the election of a 
U. S. Senator, the Republicans endeavoring to re- 

elect John A. Logan, he voted for the war chiet on 
every ballot, even alone when all the other Republi- 
cans had gone over to the Hon. E. B. Lawrence and 
the Democrats and Independents elected Judg? 
David Davis. At this session, also, was passed the 
first Board of Health and Medical Practice act, of 
which Mr. Hamilton was a champion, again; . ; 
much opposition that the bill was several times 
" laid on the table." Also, this session authorized 
the location and establishment of a southern peni- 
tentiary, which was fixed at Chester. In the session 
of 1879 Mr. Hamilton was elected President pro tern. 
of the Senate, and was a zealous supporter of John 
A. Logan for the U. S. Senate, who was this time 
elected without any trouble. 

In May, 1880, Mr. Hamilton was nominated on 
the Republican ticket for Lieutenant Governor, his 
principal competitors before the Convention being 
Hon. Wm. A. James, ex-Speaker of the House of 
Representatives, Judge Robert Bell, of Wabash 
County, Hon. T. T. Fountain, of Perry County, and 
Hon. M. M. Saddler, of Marion County. He engaged 
actively in the campaign, and his ticket was elected 
by a majority of 41,200. As Lieutenant Governor, 
he presided almost continuously over the Senate in 
the 32d General Assembly and during the early days 
of the 33d, until he succeeded to the Governorship. 
When the Legislature of 1883 elected Gov. Cullom 
to the United States Senate, Lieut. Gov. Hamilton 
succeeded him, under the Constitution, taking the 
oath of office Feb. 6, 1883. He bravely met all the 
annoyances and embarrassments incidental upon 
taking up another's administration. The principal 
events with which Gov. Hamilton was connected as 
the Chief Executive of the State were, the mine dis- 
aster at Braidwood, the riots in St. Clair and Madison 
Counties in May, 1883, the appropriations for the 
State militia, the adoption of the Harper high-licensj 
liquor law, the veto of a dangerous railroad bill, etc. 

The Governor was a Delegate at large to the 
National Republican Convention at Chicago in June, 
1S84. where his first choice for President was John 
A. Logan, and second choice Chester A. Arthur; but 
he afterward zealously worked for the election of Mr 
Blaine, true to his party. 

Mr. Hamilton's term as Governor expired Jan. 30, 
1885, when the great favorite "Dick" Oglesby was 




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-o*o-(g^^@-o«o. -< 

distinguished gentleman was 
elected Governor of Illinois 
November 6, 1888. He was 
IK3K "• \- popularly known during the 
'.-let IS' campaign as "Private Joe." He 
had served with great devotion 
to his country during the Re- 
bellion, in the Thirty-third 
Illinois Infantry. A native of 
Virginia, he was born in 1840. 
His parents, John and Mary 
(Daniels) Fifer, were American 
born, though of German de- 
scent. His father was a brick 
and stone mason, and an old 
Henry Clay Whig in politics. John and Mary 
Fifer had nine children, of whom Joseph was the 
sixth, and naturally with so large a family it was 
all the father could do to keep the wolf from the 
door; to say nothing of giving his children any- 
thing like good educational advantages. 

Young Joseph attended school some in Vir- 
ginia, but it was not a good school, and when 
his father removed to the West, in 1857, Joseph had 
not advanced much further than the "First Reader." 

Our subject was sixteen then and suffered a great 
misfortune in the loss of his mother. After the death 
of Mrs. Fifer, which occurred in Missouri, the 
family returned to Virginia, but remained only a 
short time, as during the same year Mr. Fifer 
came to Illinois. He settled in McLean County and 
started a brickyard. Here Joseph and his broth- 
ers were put to work. The elder Fifer soon 
bought a farm near Bloomington and began life as 
an agriculturalist. Here Joe worked and attended 
the neighboring school. He alternated farm-work, 
brick-laying, and going to the district school for 
the succeeding few years. It was all work and no 
play for Joe, yet it by no means made a dull boy 
of him. All the time he was thinking of the great 
world outside, of which he had caught a glimpse 
when coming from Virginia, yet he did not know 
just how he was going to get out into it. He 
could not feel that the woods around the new- 
farm and the log cabin, in which the family lived, 
were to hold him. 

The opportunity to get out into the world was 
soon offered to young Joe. He traveled a dozen 
miles barefoot, in company with his brother George, 
and enlisted in Company C, 33d Illinois Infantry; 
he being then twent}' years old. In a few days 



the regiment was sent to Camp Butler, and then 
over into Missouri, and saw some vigorous service 
there. After a second time helping to chase Price 
out of Missouri, the 33d Regiment went down 
to Milliken's Bend, and for several weeks "Private 
Joe" worked on Grant's famous ditch. The regi- 
ment then joined the forces operating against Port 
Gibson and "Vieksburg. Joe was on guard duty in 
the front ditches when the flag of surrender was 
run up on the 4th of July, and stuck the bayonet 
of his gun into the embankment and went into the 
city witli the vanguard of Union soldiers. 

The next day, July 5, the 33d joined the force 
after Johnston, who had been threatening Grant's 
rear; and finally an assault was made on him at 
Jackson, Miss. In this charge "Private Joe" fell, ter- 
ribly wounded. He was loading his gun when a 
minie-ball struck him and passed entirely through 
his body. He was regarded as mortally wounded. 
Hit brother, George, who had been made a Lieu- 
tenant, proved to be the means of saving his life. 
The Surgeon told him unless he had ice his brother 
Joe could not live. It was fifty miles to the nearest 
point where ice could be obtained, and tlie roads 
were rough. A comrade, a McLean county man, who 
had been wounded, offered to make the trip. An 
ambulance was secured and the brother soldier 
started on the journey. He returned with the ice. 
but the trip, owing to the roughness of the roads, 
was very hard on him. After a few months' care- 
ful nursing Mr. Filer was able to come home. The 
33d came home on a furlough, and when the 
boys were ready to return to the tented field, 
young Fifer was ready to go with them; for he was 
determined to finish his term of three years. He 
was mustered out in October, 18C4, having been 
in the service three years and two months. 

"Private Joe" came out of the army a tall, 
tanned, and awkward young man of twenty-four. 
About all he possessed was ambition to be some- 
body — and pluck. Though at an age when most 
men have finished their college course, the young 
soldier saw that if lie was to be anybody he must 
have an education. Yet he had no means to ena- 
ble him to enter school as most young men do. 
He was determined to have an education, however, 
and that to him meant success. For the following 

four years he struggled with his books. He entered 
Wesleyan University Jan. 1, 1865. He was not a 
brilliant student, being neither at the head nor the 
foot of his class. He was in great earnest, how- 
ever, studied hard and came forth with a well- 
stored and disciplined mind. 

Immediately after being graduated he entered 
an office at Bloomington as a law student. He had 
already read law some, and as he continued to work 
hard, witli the spur of poverty and promptings of 
ambition ever with him, he was ready to hang out 
his professional shingle in 1869. Being trust- 
worthy he soon gathered about him some influen- 
tial friends. In 1871 he was elected Corporation 
Counsel of Bloomington. In 1872 he was elected 
State's Attorney of McLean Count}'. This office 
he held for eight years, when he took his seat in 
the State Senate. Here he served for four years. 
His ability to perform abundance of hard work 
made him a most valued member of the Legisla- 

Mr. Fifer was married in 1870 to Gertie, daugh- 
ter of William J. Lewis, of Bloomington. Mr. 
Fifer is six feet in height and is spare, weighing 
i inly 150 pounds. He lias a swarthy complexion, 
keen black eyes, quick movement, and possesses a 
frank and sympathetic nature, and naturally makes 
friends wherever he goes. During the late Guber- 
natorial campaign his visits throughout the State 
proved a great power in his behalf. His happy 
faculty of winning the confidence and good wishes 
of those with whom he comes in personal contact is a 
source of great popularity, especially during a polit- 
ical battle. As a speaker he is fluent, his language 
is good, voice clear and agreeable, and manner 
forcible. His manifest earnestness in what he says 
as well as his tact as a public speaker, and his elo- 
quent and forceful language, makes him a most 
valuable campaign orator and a powerful pleader 
at the bar. At the Republican State Convention, 
held in May, 1888, Mr. Fifer was chosen as its candi- 
date for Governor. He proved a popular nominee, 
and the name of " Private Joe " became familiar 
to everyone throughout the State. He waged a 
vigorous campaign, was elected by a good majority, 
and in due time assumed the duties of the Chief 
Executive of Illinois. 


NE of the most important fac- 
tors in the business develop- 
ment and prosperity of a 
city, county or State, is its 
railroad communications. A 
retrospect of the history of 
Shelby and Moultrie Counties since 
the advent of railroad facilities, will 
convince the careful observer of the 
immense benefit resulting from the 
introduction of this essential adjunct 
of commercial enterprise. The fol- 
lowing brief sketches of the Leading 
railroad- of this section of the great 
commonwealth will form an interesting feature of 
this Rei om>. It may be remarked in this connec- 
tion that the roads referred to are not only the im- 
portant corporations of Illinois, but stand among 
the first in the Nation. 


1 •{••M-fr- 

The Wabash. 

ry ■ * ( ) the pulilie and our thousands of readers in 
( ($\ general: — It will no doubt be interesting to 
Vs./ all if we give a brief description of this 
road. The Wabash, as now known, has been op- 
erated under several names from time to time. It 
is the offspring, as it wen-, of the first line of mad 
projected in Illinois, then known as the Northern 

Cross Railroad, extending from Danville to 
Quincy. This was chartered in 1X37. and upon 
it the tirsl locomotive was placed in the winter of 
1838-39, running from Meredosia, on the Illinois 
River to Jacksonville. In 1X42 the road was com- 
pleted from Jacksonville to Springfield, and three 
trips wcrt.' made per week- The track was of the 
old fiat rail style, which was made by nailing thin 
strips of iron on inn parallel lines of timbers placed 
at the proper distance apart and running length- 
ways of the road. The engine as well as the road 
soon became so impaired that the former had to be 
abandoned, and mules substituted as the motor 
power. However such locomotion was destined to 
he of short duration, for the State soon aftei sold 
the entire road for a nominal sum. and thus for a 
short time was suspended one of the first railroad 
enterprises in Illinois. Hut in the West a new era — 
one of prodigious industrial activity and far-reach- 
ing results in the practical arts — was dawning, and 
within thirty years of the temporary failure of the 
road mentioned. Illinois had outstripped all others 
in gigantic internal improvements, and at present 
has more miles of railroad than any other state in 
the Union. 

The Great Western, whose name has been suc- 
cessively changed to Toledo. Wabash & Western. 
Wabash, and Wabash, St. Louisa- Pacific, and Wa- 
bash railroad, and The Wabash, the 'last of which 
it -til bears, was an extension of the Northern 
Cross Railroad, above mentioned, and traverses 
some of the finest portions of Illinois, Indiana and 


Ohio. Ii soon became the popular highway of 
travel and traffic between the Easl and West. 
Through a system of consolidation, unparalled in 
American railways, it has become a giant among 
them, and has added many millions of dollars to 
th<- value of bonds and shares of the various com- 
panies now incorporated in the Wabash system. The 
road takes its title from the river of that name, a 
tributary of the Ohio, which in part separates the 
States of Illinois and Indiana. In looking over 
the map of the Wabash Railroad ii will be seen 
that the line extends through the most fertile and 
wealthy portions of the United States, having 
termini at more large cities than any other West- 
ern Road. It was indeed a far-reaching sagacity 
which consolidated these various lines into the 
Wabash system, forming one immense chain of 
commercial activity and power. It> terminal fa- 
cilities are unsurpassed by any competing line. It> 
tablished in commodious quarters in St. Louis. The 
line- of the road are co-extensive with the import- 
ance of the great transportation facilities required 
for the products of the Mississippi Valley. This line 
passes through the States of Iowa. Missouri, Illi- 
nois, Indiana, Ohio and Michigan. 

The various lines of road may he divided into 
the following: 

Mi lo- 
st. Louis to Chicago 286 

Toledo to Kansas City 662 

St. Louis to Des Moines 360 

Logansport to Detroit 207 

Chicago to Laketon Junction .... 

Clayton to Keokuk 

Bluffs to Quincy. . . v 

Streator to Forest 

Attica to ( 'ovington 

Champaign to Sidney 

Edwardsville to Edwardsville 


Bement to Altamont and Effingham 

Brunswick to Omaha 

Roseberry to Clarinda 

Salisbury to Glasgow 

Centralis to Columbia 

1 2:! 





Prom the above main line and branches as indi- 
cated, it will readily he seen that the Wabash con- 
nect- with more large cities and great marts of 
trade than any other line, bringing Omaha, Kan- 
sas City. Des Moines. Keokuk. Quincy, St. Louis, 
Chicago, Toledo and Detroit together with one 
continuous line of steel rails. This road has an 
immense freight traffic of cereal-, live -tock. vari- 
ous productions and manufactured articles of the 
Wot and the State- through which it passes. It> 
facilities for rapid transit for the vast productions 
of the 1 packing houses of Kansas City and St. 
Louis, to Detroit. Toledo and the eastern mart- of 
trade. i> unequaled. A large portion of the grain 
production- of Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa. Missouri, 
Illinois and Indiana, finds its way to the eastern 
markets over tin- lines of this road. The Wabash 
has always taken an advanced position in tariffs, 
and il> course toward it> patrons hasbeen jusl and 
liberal, SO that it has always enjoyed the coinnien- 

dati f the business and traveling public. 'The 

road bed is one of the best in the country, and is 
ballasted with gravel and stone, well lied and laid 
with steel rail-. 'The bridges along the various 
lines and branches are substantial structures. 'The 
depots, grounds and general property of the road 
are in good condition. The management of the 
Wabash is fully abreast of the times. 'The road is 
progressive in every respect. The finest passenger 
cars on the continent are run on its lines, and 
every efforf made to advance the interest- of n> 
patrons. The passenger department is unexcelled 
for the elegant and substantial comfort afforded 
travelers. On several of the more important 
branches of the system, dining cars are run. 




Mile- of main line and branches. . . 2204 

Illinois Central Railroad. 

F^)IIIS i> one of the largest corporation- in 
Illinois, and with its splendid terminal fa- 
cilities in Chicago, and it- numerous subur- 
ban trains has been a potent factor in building up 
the South Side and South Chicago, while at the 
same lime enriching itself. Ii- management has 
always been careful and conservative, and it i> not 


too much to say that it has been im «-t potential in 
developing many of the rich agricultural districts 
of the State, besides fostering and encouraging the 
growth of towns an<l cities along its line. As this 
was one of the early roads of the State it will not 
be uninteresting to give a brief history of its in- 

In September. 1850, Congress passed an act. ami 
it was approved by President Fillmore, granting an 
aggregate of two million, five hundred and ninety- 
five thousand ami fifty-three acres to aid in build- 
ing this road. The ad granted the right of way 
and gave alternate sections of laud for six miles 
on either side of the road. The grant of land was 
made directly to the Mate. On the mth of Fel>- 
ruary, 1851, the Legislature of Illinois granted a 
charter to an Eastern company to build it. with a 

capital stock of $1,000, I. The Legislature in 

granting the charter and transferring to the cor- 
poration the lands, stipulated that seven percent 
of the gross earnings of the road should be paid 
semi-annually into the treasury of the state for- 
ever. This wise provision, in lieu of the liberal 
land grant yields a handsome annual revenue to the 
Mate: also that in the event of war, Government 
transportation should he furnished at a certain 
reduction from the juices regularly paid by the 
ifeiicnil (■oveinnieiit for such services. The pro- 
ceeds of land sales have heen regularly applied to 
the redemption of construction bonds, and it is 
significant that while the original issue of mort- 
gage bonds amounted to $22,000,000; thai amount 
has heen so reduced that in L891 the whole issue 
will lie practically retired, and the stockholders 
will own a road in Illinois more than one thousand 
miles in length, fully equipped, with no outstand- 
ing liability other than the share of capital. 

It may lie noted here that when the general 
Government donated lands to the States of Illinois, 
Mississippi and Alabama, it was intended that 
through the aid derived from these lands a through 
artery of travel should be established between the 
lakes and gulf ports. Had the war not supervened 
the project would then have been carried out in its 
entirety, and the North and South movement of 
traffic would have been fully developed, but the 
enforced delay in carrying out the original pro- 

gram was utilized in building up the State of Ill- 
inois, and in perfecting the track of this road. 
Strict attention to local business has always been a 
marked characteristic of the Illinois ( 'antral Hail- 
road management. 

By an extensive system of railroad construction 
and by it.s leased lines it lias termini in many im- 
portant centers of trade in the Missouri and Mis- 
sissippi Valleys, as well as the great chain of lakc> 
at Chicago. Through this vast system Chicago is 
brought into close connection with Sioux Falls. 
Dak.: siuux City. Cedar Rapids and Dubuque, 
Iowa: Lyle, Minn.: Dodgeville and Madison, Wis. 
At Cairo the Ohio River is spanned by a magnifi- 
cent steel bridge, from which point south connec- 
tions are had with the great cotton mart of Mem- 
phis and the principal cities of Mississippi, and 
New Orleans. During the past year a fast or lim- 
ited train has been put on between Chicago and 
New Orleans, greatly shortening the time between 
those points. The train consists of superb and 
elegant equipped Pullman sleepers, dining aud 
smoking car-. On account of these splendid facil- 
ities this has become the favorite route between 
the North and South. Thus it will be seen that 
the great metropolis nestling on the lake, by this 
sinuous artery of iron is brought into close traffic 
relations with the leading marts in the Sunny 
South, as well as the semi-Arctic region of Dakota. 
affording the traveler both in summer and winter 
unsurpassed facilities for reaching a pleasant clime. 


fe: ••• C*^s= 


Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago «& St. Louis 
Railroad. (Big 4). 

*j~+ Ills line was originally known as the In- 
( f~\ dianapolis & St. Louis. The road bed is of 
V_y substantial build, well ballasted, tied and 
ironed. It enters the state of Illinois in Edgar 
County, and the principal towns which it passes 
through in Illinois are Paris. Charleston, Mattoon, 
Shelbyville, Pana, Hillsboro, Litchfield, Alton and 
East St. Louis. For many years after the road was 
built it was one of the most potential factors in 
promoting the material growth of Shelby County 


in the central and eastern part. The line is laid 
through a fertile district and receives a fair pro- 
portion of traffic It is now controlled by the 
Vanderbilt system and its rolling stock has some- 
what unproved. 



Chicago & Eastern Illinois 

S now extending its line through .Moultrie and 
Shelby Counties via Sullivan and Shelbyville 
1 from Danville, thus increasing the facilities 
for communication with Chicago. 

»! ■ , > | 1 I ■! I ' 1 *■ 

? I ' l ' I ' I 

The Ohio & Mississippi Railroad. 

^|p*IlF southwest part of Shelby County is trav- 
M^. ersed by the Shawneetown and Beardstown 
\||P< division of the Ohio* Mississippi Railroad. 
The principal stations in this county are Tower 
Hill. Cowden, Lakewood and Holliday. The line 
at Flora intersects with the main road, running 
between Cincinnati and St. Louis. 

^§*§K^M ; 

Toledo, St. Louis & Kansas City Railroad. 

» 1 1 [ s-, important road whose termini are at To- 
ledo and St. Louis, enters Shelly County 
from the east at Neoga, where it crosses the 
Illinois Central. The two important station- in 

the county are Stewardson and Cowden. other 
stations are Kingman. Mode, Fancher andllerrick. 
At Stewardson the line crosses the Wabash, and at 
Cowden the Ohio A Mississippi road. This line 
ha- contributed largely to the development of the 
southern part of the county. 

Peoria Deoatur & Evansville 

JPg^&RAVERSES Moultrie County from a south- 
( (~~\ east to a northwest direction, crossing the 
V_y Wabash at Sullivan, the county seat. Other 
station- in the county are Dalton City, Bethany. 
Hampton, AJlenville and Coles. This road opens 
up a market for the various products of Moultrie 
County with Peoria and Evansville and the many 
cities lying between. 

Terre Haute & Peoria Railroad. 

70EMFRLY known as the Illinois Midland 
\—(s) Road. It was constructed in 1872; it enter- 
Moultrie County from the west, in the 
northern part of Dora Township and extends due 
easl to Lake City, where it diverges from a straight 
line in a southeast direction to Lovington. where 
the Wabash is crossed, the next stations being 
Williamsburg and Arthur. 

st-- 1 


i|= &~? >~p(-< $n& 5 


and M$,oul-bi?i@ (S&unbi&s 





^HE time has arrived when it 
becomes the duty of the 
people of this county to per- 
petuate the names of their 
pioneers, to furnish a record 
of their early settlement, 
and relate the story of their 
progress. The civilization of our 
day, the enlightenment of the age 
and the duty that men of the pres- 
ent time owe to their ancestors, to 
themselves and to their posterity, 
demand that a record of their lives 
and deeds should be made. In bio- 
graphical history is found a power 
to instruct man by precedent, to 
enliven the mental faculties, and 
to waft down the river of time a 
<=afe vessel in which the names and actions of the 
people who contributed to raise this country from its 
primitive state may be preserved. Surely and rapidly 
the great and aged men, who in their prime entered 
i he wilderness and claimed the virgin soil as their 
li.ritage, are passing to their graves. The number re- 
maining who can relate the incidents of the first days 
)f settlement is becoming small indeed, so that an 
actual necessity exists for the collection and preser- 
vation of events without delay, before all the earlv 
settlers are cut down by the scythe of Time. 

To be forgotten has been the great dread of mankind 
from remotest ages. All will be forgotten Foon enough, 
in spite of their best works and the most earnest 
efforts of their friends to perserve the memory of 
their lives. The means employed to prevent oblivion 
and to perpetuate their memory has been in propor- 
tion to the amount of intelligence they possessed. 
Th-; pyramids of Egypt were built to perpetuate the 
names and deeds of their great rulers. The exhu- 
mations made by the archeologists of Egypt from 
buried Memphis indicate a desire of those people 

to perpettfate the memory of their achievements. 
The erection of the great obelisks were for the same 
purpose. Coming down to a later period, we find the 
Greeks and Romans erecting mausoleums and monu- 
ments, and carving out statues to chronicle their 
great achievements and carry them down the ages. 
It is also evident that the Mound-builders, in piling 
up their great mounds of earth, had but this idea — 
to leave something to show that they had lived. All 
these works, though many of them costly in the ex- 
treme, give but a faint idea of the lives and charac- 
ters of those whose memory they were intended to 
perpetuate, and scarcely anything of the masses of 
the people that then lived. The great pyramids and 
some of the obelisks remain objects only of curiosity; 
the mausoleums, monuments and statues are crum- 
bling into dust. 

It was left to modern ages to establish an intelli- 
gent, undecaying, immutable method of perpetuating 
a full history — immutable in that it is almost un- 
limited in extent and perpetual in its action ; and 
this is through the art of printing. 

To the present generation, however, we are in- 
debted for the introduction of the admirable system 
of local biography. By this system every man, though 
he has not achieved what the world calls greatness, 
has the means to perpetuate his life, his history, 
through the coming ages. 

The scythe of Time cuts down all ; nothing of the 
physical man is left. The monument which his chil- 
dren or friends may erect to his memory in the ceme- 
tery will crumble into dust and pass away; but his 
life, his achievements, the work .lie has accomplished, 
which otherwise would be forgoiten, is perpetuated 
by a record of this kind. 

To preserve the lineaments of our companions we 
eng'ave their portraits, for the same reason we col- 
lect the attainable facts of their history. Nor do we 
think it necessary, as we speak only truth of them, to 
wait until they are dead, or until those who know 
them are gone : to do this we are ashamed only to 
publish to the world the history of those whose live* 
are unworthy of public record. 





% M: W - 

■ • 





- & 


esides in Sullivan, was 
>orn on the banks of the 
Joking River, eight miles 
from Owingsville, Bath 

^St^^ C " , ""- v - Ky ' Fehrawy ' 

L826. His father, John Paul Eden 
was born in Baltimore, Md., in 1796, 
and Jeremiah Eden, the grandfa- 
ther was a native of England, who 
came when a young man to Amer- 
ica and settled in Maryland. From 
that State he removed to Kentucky 
about the year 1800, and became a 
farmer in Bath County. There he 
bought a tract of timber land, which hecleared and 
turned into a rich and productive farm, making it 
his home until death called him away. 

The father of our subject was reared and mar- 
ried in Bath County, and resided there until 1831. 
when with his wife and four children he removed 
to Indiana. The removal was made with team-. 
and the far-famed prairie schooners, in which were 
all their household goods. Travelingby slowstages 
and camping by the way. the family reached In- 
diana and settled in Rush County. Having en- 
tered a trad of Government land, they built a 
cabin in the wilderness and commenced to clear a 

farm. The maiden name of the mother of our sub- 
ject was Catherine Can. and she was born in Ken- 
tucky in the year 1800, being a daughter of Joseph 
Can. In 1835 she was left a widow with six chil- 
dren to care for and she had a hard struggle to 
maintain them and keep them together. In 1852 
she removed from Indiana to Illinois, and spent 
her last years here with a son Joseph, dying in 

The subject of our sketch commenced when very 
young to assist upon the farm where his services 
were much needed. In his younger days there 
were no railroads, and Cincinnati was the nearest 
market and depot for supplies. The products of 
the farm formed the principal living of the family, 
and the mother made all the cloth which was used 
in the family, carding, spinning ami weaving the 
raw material into the needed fabrics. 

The Brat school which Mr. Eden attended, was 
in a cabin built of round logs. The chimney was 
made of >tieks and clay, and the fireplace occupied 
nearly one end of the building. The only window 
was produced by a log being taken out through 
nearly the entire length of the building, and it had 
no covering of glass, but in cold weather greased 
paper was used to cover the aperture to keep out 
the wind. The benches were made of puncheon 
with wooden pins for legs. Holes were bored in 



the logs under the window. and -i pegs_supported a 
smooth puncheon which served as a writing desk 
for the older scholars. He was very studious, mak- 
ing the most of the opportunities afforded him and 
at the age of eighteen commenced teaching, receiv- 
ing the usual salary of 120 a month and his board. 
He taught during the fall and winter for seven 
years, occupying the remainder of the year in farm- 
ing, and using every fragment of time not other- 
wise absorbed, to study law. 

In is.")2 Mr. Eden came to Illinois, traveling bj 
railroad to Terre Haute. Ind.. and thence by stage 
to Shelbyville, and a few days later was admitted 
to the bar and commenced practice. He practiced 
there until the fall of 1853, when he came to Sulli- 
van and since that time has made this place the 
main field of his work except when absent upon 
official duty. 

A liappy and congenial matrimonial alliance was 
madc by our subject in 18~)ti. when he chose as his 
wife Roxanna Meeker, a native of Bennington 
Township. Delaware (now Morrow) County, Ohio. 
This lady is a daughter of Ambrose ami Hannah 
(Ilartwell) Meeker, and a sister of the Hon. .Jona- 
than Meeker. The family of Mr. and Mrs. Eden 
comprises live living children, namely: Emma. 
Rose. Walter. Belle and Blanche. Rose is now Mrs. 
.1. Martin, of whom a sketch will he found else- 
where in this volume. 

Ex-Congressman Eden has always espoused the 
political views which had their ablest advocate in 
the author of the Declaration of Independence, 
and he cast his first vote for Lewis Cass. Ever 
since he came here he ha- been a prominent man in 
his district, as his natural abilities and well cul- 
tured mind have given him a commanding in- 
fluence. In 1856 he was elected state- Attorney 
for the Seventh Judicial District, which office he 
filled for four years. He represented the Seventh 
District in the Thirty-eighth Congress. Iieing elected 
thereto iu 18(>2. This was followed by his re-elec- 
tion, and service in the Forty-third, Forty-fourth, 
Forty-fifth and Forty-ninth Congresses. During 
this long period the boundaries, and numbers of 
the Congressional Districts were changed, and he 
represented the following counties: Moultrie. Ma- 
con. Piatt. Champaign. Ford. Iroquois, Vermilion, 

Douglas, Coles. Edgar. Clark. Cumberland, Effing- 
ham, Shelby, Jasper, Crawford, Lawrence. Fayette. 
Montgomery ami Macoupin. 

The most important committees of which this 
honorable gentleman was a member during the 
various sessi( >ns, were a.- f< >11< >w-: 1 Hiring the Thirty- 
eighth Congress the Committee on Accounts and 
Revolutionary Tensions: in the Forty-third the 
( ommittee on Claims and the Freedmen Affairs; 
in the Forty-fourth he was Chairman of the Com- 
mittee on War Complaints, and a member of the 
one appointed to investigate the Presidential elec- 
tion: during the next Congress he wasagain Chair- 
man of the same Committee, and during the Forty- 
ninth he belonged to the Committee on the Judi- 
ciary and Revision of Laws. In 1868 he was a 
Democratic candidate for Governor of Illinois. 

In every sphere of life, either professional or as 
a public servant, the Hon. John R. Eden has proved 
himself well-equipped and able to meet the serious 
emergencies which come before a man of affairs. 
As an attorney he has been successful in his prac- 
tice, and ha- built up an extensive clientage, and 
as a member of Congress he worked honestly and 
honorably for the prosperity of the entire country 
and the interests of his constituent-. 

A portrait of the Hon. Mr. F2den accompanies 
this biographical notice. 

,EORGEW. LONGEXBAUGH is one of the 

old settlers in Pickaway Township, being 
the owner of a farm located on section 20, 
at Longenbaugh corners. He early learned the trade 
of a blacksmith and on his settlement here estab- 
lished his smithy in the fall of 1858. He owns a 
fine little home on forty acres of land. This he 
operate- in connection with his business. He is a 
genial, whole-hearted fellow, necessarily well- 
known throughout the township, and justly popu- 
lar with his fellow-men. 

Our subject first came to the county in 1855, 
ami for two years worked as a journeyman at Prai- 
rie Bird, and later he spent a little more than a 



year with a partner in Moweaqua. He sold out 
however, his share of the establishment, and came 
to Pickaway Township and has here ever since 
been engaged, having done all the work in his line. 
On his advent into this county our subject was fl 
single man. He was born in Pickaway County, 
Ohio. October 21, 1834. and is the son of Jacob 
and Catherine (Yantis) Longenbaugh, natives of 
Ohio, who there lived and spent their la>t days in 
Pickaway County, passing away at the age of sixty- 
eight years. Our subject's father, like himself, was 
a blacksmith and fanner. Mrs. Longenbaugh was 
a member of the German Reformed Church. 

Our subject is the second son and third child of 
seven children, four of whom are yet living, he of 
whom we write being the only one residing in Illi- 
nois. He grew up at home, learning his trade 
at his father's smithy. About the time when 
he became of age he determined to start out in 
life for himself and came to this State, where he 
has ever >ince lived. Politically our subject is a 
Democrat, using his vote and influence for that 
party. He has since coming here, been Highway 
Commissioner and Justice of the Peace for a jjood 
many years, and is now Notary Public, having 
filled that office for several years. 

Our subject was married in Flat Branch Town- 
ship. March 11. 1858, to Miss Eliza Cockrain. She 
was bora in Tennessee and came to Illinois when a 
young woman with her parents. Robert and Mary 
(Ray) Cockrain. On coming to the county they 
settled in Flat Branch Township, there procuring 
a farm, where a few years later the husband ami 
father died while yet in middle life. His wife sur- 
vived him for several years, finally passing away 
on the old farm, being quite advanced in years. 
They were members of the Presbyterian Church. 
Mrs. Longenbaugh was one of eiuhi children, three 
of whom are now deceased, she was educated in 
her native State in the county schools, and had al- 
most reached womanhood when her parent- re- 
moved to Illinois. She and her husband are attend- 
ants upon the Baptist Church. 

Eight children have come to bless the home of 
the affectionate parents. Of these one died in in- 
fancy. The living children are: Mary C, Sophro- 
pia .1, and Samuel, who are twins. Anthony 1!.. 

Sarah E.. William W. and Joseph E. The eldest 
daughter i- the wife of Charles Pogue, who is a 
farmer in this township. Samuel is a blacksmith at 
Prairie Bird. His twin sister, Sophronia, is the 
wife of Robert Hunter, who is a real estate dealer 
and insurance agent in Decatur, this State. An- 
thony B. took to wife Miss Julia Pogue, and is the 
proprietor of a farm in this township. Sarah E. 
i> a teacher here, as have been the other daughters 
before their marriage. William W. and Joseph E. 
are still at home and assist their father on the farm. 
Our subject ha- given his children every educa- 
tional advantage that his mean- would allow. 
They are naturally bright and easily assimilate the 
progressive idea- of the day. 

OSEPH II. VOILES i- the Superintendent of 
the Shelby County Poor House, which is lo- 
cated on section 4. Rose Township. His 
father wa- Oile> Y. Voiles, ami he was born 
in Decatur County, Ind. He wa.- united in mar- 
riage with Lucinda Merritt, a native of Kentucky. 
and -ettled in his native county where he spent his 
days, and passed away in 1863. His wife afterward 
came to Shelby County where >he died in January. 
1885. They had a family of ten children of whom 
our subject wa- the eldest. 

Joseph Voiles was born in Decatur County. Ind.. 
December 28, 1843. in- father was a shoemaker 
by trade, but owned ami operated a farm besides 
following his trade. Our subject grew to man- 

1 Ion hi- father's farm. I'pou September 15. 

1864. this young man who had barely reached his 
majority, took to wife Miss Maris J. Gentry, who 
was born in Franklin County. Ind.. and who became 
the mother of ten children. Those who grew to 
maturity were as follows: Mary I..; Chloe. who 
died when about eighteen years old: Rosa E.. who 
is the wife of Henry Sherwood; Franklin A.. 
Oscar M.. William II. and Perley. Three who died 
young bore the name- of Henry. Alva and Cathe- 
rine. Mrs. Maria Voiles died in Rose Township. 
February 12, 1886. 



When Mr. Voiles was tir.-t married he settled in 
Decatur County, [nd., and engaged in farming, 
which business he >till carried on after coming from 
there to Shelby County in 1870. He was married 
a second time in Oconee, this county. December 
>~t. 1887, to Miss Anna M. Gould, daughter of 
Stephen and Jerusha (Read) Gould. Mr. Gould 
died in Shelby County. February 7. 1885. Of a 
family of seven children Mr-. Voiles is the eldest. 
and she was born in Union County, End., June 7. 
1857. She is the mother of one child, I.eland C. 

In September, 1881, Mr. Voiles was appointed 
Superintendent of the Shelby County Poor House, 
in which capacity he has gained the good opinion 
of every one who understand- the workings of the 
institution. The house is noted tor it- cleanliness 
throughout and for its good management. Much 
credit is due both Mr. and Mis. Voiles for their ex- 
cellent care of it< inmate-: ami in their gentle and 
kindly treatment of them they have truly evinced 
the genuine Christian character which is theirs. 
They are both connected with the Methodist Church 
and Mr. Voiles has always taken an active part in 
religious work, being Class-Leader, Steward and 
Trustee. His political views have led him to affil- 
iate with the Democratic party, in whose policy he 
firmly believe-. 


THOMAS Wool). To he an honorable 
and efficient agriculturist in the State of 
Illinois, where the soil respond- so gener- 
ously 'to the hand of him who cultivates it. is to 
be almost ensured in having a comfortable home 
and happy and congenial surroundings. The in- 
telligent and praiseworthy people who settled in 
tlii-^ State in its early days brought with them such 
conditions and such institution- as tended to 
gather about them the besl class of emigrants, and 
they and their descendants have built up such so- 
cial conditions as have tended to the prosperity 
and happiness of all. 

We find upon section 8, Oconee Town-hip. 
Shelly County, a prosperous farmer ami stock- 
raiser in the person of Thomas II. Wood, who was 

born in Woodbum, Macoupin County, this State. 
September II. L862. He is a son of .1. M. and 
Elizabeth M. ( Milliard) Wood, the former being 
horn in Sangamon County. 111., in 1823, and the 
mother in the same state in 1*2(5. The mother, who 
became a widow in May, 1887,afterher removal to 
this county, still resides on her farm in Oqonee 
Township. The Wood family is pleased. to count 
itself as descended from the sturdy English stock 
which is representative of the people who de- 
manded from King John that noble instrument — 
the Magna Charta. 

Eight -on- and four daughters were horn to the 
parents of our subject, namely: l'erminda. now 
Mrs. L. Howell, of Dodge City, Kan.; Mary, who 
ha- been twice married. lirst to .lame- Coffee ami 

after her widow 1 1 to .I.e. Lemay. and now lives 

at Gillespie, Macoupin County: Jennie, the wife of 
J. S. March, of Oconee: John II.. who live- with 
hi- wife. Ella Brennan, in Woodburn, Macoupin 
County; William J., who has been an invalid tor 
the la-t fifteen years, resides with his mother: 
Leonard I)., who i- farming in Gandy, Neb., and 
i- married to Clarissa Holbrook; Luther and Abbie, 
who died in early childhood; Weston, who resides 
in Oconee Township with his wife. Sadie Doyle; 
Thomas, our subject; .lame- M.. who married Gilla 
Combesl and resides on a farm in Oconee Town- 
ship; Waller B., who married Blanche Brown and 
live- upon the parental homestead. 

The subject of this brief life review came to 
Oconee Town-hip with his parents when a young 
lad of some twelve years, and here he grew to 
manhood and has made his home from that day to 
this, lie obtained his education in the district 
schools of Illinois, which gave him an excellent 
preparation for hi- life work, and received thor- 
ough training upon the home farm in the practical 
work of agriculture. February 2-'i. 1883, was the 
day of days in the life of this young man as it 
united him in marriage with the lady of his choice, 
Mis- Clara B. Speaker, daughter of David and 
Abbie Speaker, of Oconee, she was horn Novem- 
ber 27, 1861, in thi- township, of Rhode Island 
parentage. She lost her father when a little child 
and her mother took a second husband,. whose 
name is Combest She had three daughters by her 



tir>t marriage, Mr-. \Y 1 being tin- second in ag 

and the others l>ein<r Ida M.. now Mr-. Bowiner, of 
Providence, R. I., and Cilia A., dow Mr-. Murray. 
..f Pana, 111. 

To Mr. and Mrs. TV 1 two sons were born — 

Joseph", who came to them December 17. 1883, and 
the youngest, who was born March •"». 1891, is 
Cecil. Mr. Wood has always taken an active in- 
terest in political affairs and voted with the Demo- 
cratic party until quite recently when he joined 
the Fanner-' Mutual Benefit Association and now 
work- heartily with them for the benefit of the 
farming community. He holds no church connec- 
tion, but i- an active promoter of all movements 
which look to the prosperity and improvement of 
the township, in which he own- two hundred acres 
of rich and productive land, most of which i- situ- 
ated on section 8, where he makes his home. IIi> 
farm i.< finely improved and he lives in compara- 
tive ease, reaping the rich reward of the efforts oi 
his earlier rears. 


/-* EORGE TV. RICHARDSON, of Shelbyville, 
I — has for many years been closely identified 

V J( with the agricultural interest- of Shelby 

County, and i- regarded a- one of its most honor- 
able and reliable citizens. He is descended from 
good old Revolutionary ami pioneer stock, ami 
is a native of the Mate of Indiana, horn in Warren 
County August 13, 1836. His father. .lame- Rich- 
ardson, was al-o an Indianian by birth, horn in 
Parke County, of which his father. John Richard- 
son, wa- a very early settler. 

The grandfather of our subject was a native of 
North Carolina and the son of a Revolutionary 
soldier who lo-t his life in battle while fighting 
for the freedom of his country. John Richardson 
passed his boyhood in North Carolina, and was 
there married to Mary Salers, al-o a native of that 
Mate. In 1800 he left his old home with his fain- 
ilv to establish a new one in the forest primeval of 
the Northwestern Territory. He penetrated to the 
wilds of what is now Indiana, and wa- one of the 

first white men to settle in that territory, locating 
in what is now Parke County. When the land was 
surveyed and came into the market he purchased 
a tract heavily timbered, from which by hard labor 
he cleared a farm. He was a resident of Indiana 
until 1834, when he sold his property there and 
again became a pioneer, coming to this county and 
buying Government land in what is now Windsor 
Township. He improved a large farm, upon which 
lie lived some years, and he then once more changed 
hi- residence to still another State, going to Mis- 
souri, where he remained a few years ere he returned 
to this county, where his earthly pilgrimage was at 
length brought to a close December 31, 1865, he 
having attained a ripe old aire. Hi- venerable wife 
survived him until 1875, when she died in Big 
Spring Township. 

The father of our subject wa- reared in Indiana, 
and in due time took unto himself a wife, marry- 
ing in Warren County, that Mate. Delilah Small. 
a native of Ohio, and a daughter of Knight and 
Lydia Small. He bought a tract of land in that 
county and farmed it until 1839, when he. too. 
imbued with the same spirit that had characterized 
his ancestry, became a pioneer, coming to this 
State with his wife ami two children, making the 
entire journey by land, bringing his household 

g 1-. ami camping by the wayside at night. He 

settled in what is now Windsor Township, where 
he entered Government land, besides buying other 
land, which he has since improved into a fine farm, 
which is still his home. He and his family first 
lived in a loir bouse that stood on the land when 
he bought it. hut some year- later he replaced that 
humble abode by a more commodious frame struc- 
ture, and erected other suitable farm buildings. 
He is held in meat respect by his fellow-citizens 
a- one of the pioneers u f the county who has ma- 
terially contributed to it- growth. Death ha- de- 
prived him of the companionship of the wife of 
his early manhood. They reared two children — 
our subject and hi- brother John, the latter of 

whom occupies a part of hi- father's old home- 

George W. Richardson was hut three years old 
when hi- parent- brought him to Illinois, and it 
may he said that lie grew with the growth of the 



county which has ever since been his home, as at 
that time it too was in its infancy. The country 
round about their new home was almost in its 
primitive condition, and the land was mostly in 
the hands of the Government, which has since dis- 
posed of it at $1.25 an acre, or at a smaller price. 
Our subject attended the Bret schools opened in 
the county, that were taught in log houses. The 
seats were made of slabs or logs split and one side 
hewed smooth, and wooden pins were inserted for 
legs, and there were no hacks to the ~eals. The 
schoolrooms were lighted by an aperture made by 
the removal of a log, greased paper serving in- 
stead of glass. A slab laid on pegs driven into 
holes that had been bored into a hie- in the side of 
the building was the primitive arrangement for a 
writing desk for the older pupils. When the fam- 
ily first came to the county deer, wild turkeys ami 
other tcame in abundance roamed where are now 
finely cultivated farms and busy towns. St. Louis, 
one hundred and twenty miles away, was the near- 
est market to the settlers of this region, nine days 
being consumed in making the round trip. The 
people lived mostly on the products of their farms 
and the women spun and wove the cloth in which 
their children were clothed. 

Our subject remained an inmate of the parental 
home until he married and established one of his 
own. After attaining manhood he worked a part 
of his father's farm a few years and then bought a 
farm for himself in the same township. In the 
busy years that followed he greatly increased its 
value by judicious cultivation and by the many 
tine improvements that he made, and under his 
thrifty care it became one of the choicest farms in 
the township of Windsor. In 1888 he took up his 
residence at Shelbyville, though he still owns and 
superintends his farm. 

That our subject has a happy home replete with 
comfort is partly due to the active co-operation of 
his estimable wife, from whom he has always re- 
ceived a cheerful assistance and helpful counsel. 
They were united in marriage in 1855. Mrs. Rich- 
ardson was in her maiden days Mary E. Bland. 
She was born in Licking County. Ohio, and is a 
daughter of Joel and Harriet (Dittenhauer) Bland. 
Her marriage with our subject has been blessed 

with children, of whom these three are living: 
Ebenezer A.. Palmyra and Stephen. The latter is 
a prosperous farmer in Windsor Township. Eben- 
ezer. the eldest son. is one of the leading lawyers 
of the county. He received his early education in 
the district school and subsequently attended the 
Weslevan University at Bloomington. He studied 
law with Judge Ames and H. J. Hamlin, was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1883, and has since practiced 
his profession at Shelbyville. 

Mr. Richardson is a man of solid worth, possi — 
ing those traits that command respect in the busi- 
ness world and win esteem among his neighbors 
and associates. He and his wife are sincere Chris- 
tian people as is attested by their every day con- 
duct in all the relations of life that they sustain 
towards each other, towards their children and all 
about them. They and two of their children are 
members in high standing of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church. In his political views our subject is 
a decided Democrat. He has held important public 
positions with credit to himself and to the benefit 
of the community. While a resident of Windsor 
Township he represented it as a member of the 
County Board of Supervisors, and he was also Jus- 
tice of the Peace while he lived there. He has 
likewise been an incumbent of that office since he 
came to Shelbyville, having been appointed to it 
in 1889, and he was re-elected to the same position 
in 1H90. 

WILLIAM J. CLARK. To the city-bred man 
or woman who from childhood has heard 
of the remarkable progress of the Central 
States and has been constantly reading of the won- 
derful improvements made by various pioneers 
whose names wander promiscuously through the 
alphabet from A to X Y Z. it seems almost incred- 
ible that as late as 1871 large tracts of prairie land 
were taken up. the land being at that time in a 
perfectly wild and uncultivated state. While the 
progress of our country and especially the im- 
provements in its agricultural districts are unques- 
tionable, the fact also remains that the country is 



one of such magnificent distances thai Uere are 
yet opportunities for bright- and energetic young 
nun to experience pioneer life, although not. per- 
haps, in the sense in which the settlers of the '30s 
and '4iis experienced it, with it> privations, make- 
shifts and entire absence <>f congenial society. 

Our subject located on his present farm on sec- 
tions 21, 2t< and 29, of Flat Branch Township, in 
1871. It comprises one hundred and sixty acres, 
and at the time of his purchase was in a crude, un- 
developed, uncultivated state, it- most luxurious 
product being that enemy of the farmers — field 
daisies, with a multitude of other prairie flowers. 
Before securing x\\i- farm he had improved one on 
section 21, having come to the township and county 
in 1854, with his father. The latter purchased and 
improved a new farm, upon which he died. 

Our subject was born in Warren County, Ohio, 
on the 29th of October, 1836. He is a -on of William 
R. Clark, who was born in Hamilton County. His 
early training was that of a farmer lad. and when 
he reached manhood, like a majority of young 
men. he took the most important Step of his life, 
that of marriage, hi- wife's maiden name being 
Mir*- Nancy Berger. They were married about 
1830. The lady is a native of Virginia although of 
German parentage and ancestry. She had come 
to Ohio with her father and mother when quite 
young and was reared in Warren County. 

The original of our sketch, with ten brothel's 
ami sister-, came by the overland route with his 
parents to Illinois in 1854. Their home during 
the journey hither was in the old-time prairie 
schooner, and it was after a long and tedious jour- 
ney that they landed here. They began making 
their home in the new Mate on section 21. where 
the father and mother both afterward died, the 
former passing away in September. 1889, at the , 
Sue of eighty-seven years. He was a Democrat in 
polities and a hearty co-worker in all progressive 
causes. His wife died four years before her hus- 
band, at the age of seventy-nine years. 

Our subject is one of a pair of twin-. He be- 
came of age after coming to this township, and 
was here married to Ann E. Scott, his marriage 
taking place in December, 1864. The lady was 
born in Knox County, End., February 1, 1835. She 

is a daughter of Charles ami Sarah (Weidner) 

Scott, nativesof Indiana and -Virginia respectively. 
They met and married in Indiana, where the\ 
-pent tin' whole of their married lives. Mr. Scot I 
died in 1S44. at the age of fifty-six. Mrs. Scott 
survived her husband by a g 1 many year-, pass- 
ing away in 1*77. She was born in 17'Jtf. Both 
she and her husband ucn- members of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church. 

Mi-, (lark i- one of a large family of eleven 
children. She was reared to womanhood in her 
county, and there enjoyed very good educational 
advantages, finishing her school course at Lebanon. 
hid. she i- the mother of but one child. Charles 
s.. who wa- graduated at the Valparaiso (Ind.) 
Normal School, and was later connected with the 
counti offices, holding successively positions in 
the County Clerk's office, that of County Treas- 
urer and also with the Circuit Clerk. He is now 
engaged a- the operator of a farm, in which he is 
very successfid. 

Mr. Clark has for -some years past devoted him- 
self chiefly to the raising of horses, mainly road- 
sters, and has acquired quite a reputation through- 
out the county for breeding tine animals. Mrs. 
Clark i- a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. Mr. Clark and son are Democrats in poli- 


"P i* 

HEODORE F. DOVE, who is practicing law 
at Shelhyville. Shelby C 'utility, has gained 
^y distinction in his profession in the courts of 
thi> county, where, at one time, he occupied a prom- 
inent position as an educator, and during his resi- 
dence here li i^ name has ever been closely associated 
with the best efforts of the citizens of Central Illi- 
nois to promote it- social and religious advance- 
ment, and its well-being generally. 

Among the pioneers of Ohio who were active in 
it- early development was the Dove family, of 
whom Henry Dove, the grandfather of oursubject, 
was then the head. He was horn in Rockingham 
( ounty, \ a.. February 7. 1765, coming of one of 
the old Colonial families of that State, and there 



he grew to manhood and married, taking as his 
wife Mary Magdalina.Altarfer, who was also horn 
in the Old Dominion. January 1. 1775, the date of 
her birth. Grandfather Dove lived in his native 
State until 1804, and he then took his wife and 
the five children that had been horn to them across 
the border into Ohio, makingthe journey over the 
mountains and through the intervening rough 
country with pack horses, and there founded anew 
home in the primeval forests of Fairfield County, of 
which lie was one of the earliest settlers, lie had 
previously visited that locality in search of a suit- 
able loeation. journeying on horseback and carry- 
ing his silver for the purchase of land in his sad- 
dle bags. He invested in a tract of heavily w led 

land in what is now Bloom Township, paying there- 
for at the rate of x2..">o an acre. There was a log 
cabin on the land, in which the father of our sub- 
ject was subsequently horn. His father replaced it 
after a few years by a more substantial hewn log 
house. 20x30 feet in dimensions, which is still 
standing and is used as a dwelling. For many years 
there were no markets for produce nearer than Cin- 
cinnati, and consequently stock was very cheap, 
and horses, cattle and hogs were driven to Haiti- 
more to he disposed of. The highest priced horses 
would bring but $40 at Fairfield, large hogs sold 
there for $1, and steels were sold from $6 to $8 
each. The people raised their own food, varying the 
fare occasionally by a haunch of venison or bear 
meat, or wild turkey, for all kinds of game then 
abounded. By years of faithful toil the grandfather 
cleared a farm, on which he passed his closing years 
serenely, dying at a good old age in 1856. His wife 
preceded him in death many years, dying in 1817. 
She was a notable housewife, was expert in spin- 
ning and weaving, and clad her children in gar- 
ments of homespun. 

The father of our subject grew to a stalwart 
manhood under the pioneer influence that he ob- 
tained in his native county in the days when he 
was young. The school that he attended was taught 
in a log house, rudely furnished with slabs for seats, 
which were without backs, and there were no desks 
such as are in use at the present day. Holes were 
bored in logs, into which wooden pins were inserted, 
and a wide plank placed upon them answered the 

purpose of a more elaborate writing desk for the 
large scholars. Mr. Dove resided with his parents 
until he attained his majority, and he then began 
his independent career as a farmer by renting the old 
family homestead, lie afterward purchased the in- 
terest of the other heirs, and still retains the farm, 
although he ceased to occupy it in 1883, when he 
came' to Shelly ville. and is living here in retire- 
ment at a venerable age. He has always been a de- 
voted adherent of the Democratic party since he 
cast his first Presidential vote for Gen. Jackson 
more than half a century ago. Religiously, he is a 
faithful member of the Methodist Episcopal Church; 
which he joined in 1829. 

Mr. Dove was first married May 21. 1835 to 
Mary Small, who was born in York County. Pa., 
March 1*. 1S14. and was the eldest daughter of 
John and Elizabeth ( Loucks) Small, who were also 
lVnnsylvanians by birth. The mother of our sub- 
ject died September 1. 1K77. leaving behind her the 
record of a life spent in well-doing, and the blessed 
memory of a true womanhood. She was reared in 
the faith of theGerman Reformed Church, but after 
her marriage united with the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, to which her husband belonged. Of that 
marriage eight sons and seven daughters were 
reared to maturity, of whom twelve are living; 
April 19, 1883 the father of oursubject was married 
toa sister of his first wife. Tarcy Hall Small, and in 
her he finds a devoted companion. 

Theodore F. Dove, of whom this sketch is prin- 
cipally written was born on a farm in Bloom Town- 
ship, ten miles northwest of Lancaster. Fairfield 
County. Ohio. April 22. 1846, said farm being also 
the birthplace of his father. Elijah Dove, who was 
born there July 27. 1811. Theodore gained the 
preliminaries of his education in the local district 
schools, and afterward pursued a liberal course of 
study at the Fairfield Union Academy, from which* 
he was graduated in 1869, his proficiency in math- 
ematics having won him the compliment of being 
selected to teach a class in that branch while a stu- 
dent in that institution, lie subsequently entered 
the Ohio Weslevan University at Delaware. Ohio, 
and in due time graduated from that with a high 
standing for scholarship. He first turned to teach- 
ing after lie left college, and was thus engaged in 



his native Stale until 1*74. when lie came t<> Shel- 
byville to aceepl the position of Superintendent of 
the city schools. 

Our subject's work as an educator was, however, 
but a means to an end, as he purposed to adopt the 
legal profession, and in preparation therefor he de- 
voted Iii— -(■are time to the study of law. At the 
close of the school yearin 1875 he returned to Ohio, 
and was admitted to the bar in Delaware County. 

He came back to Shelbyville ami resumed the 
charge of the schools, which flourished under his care, 
and he held his office until 1876. In that year he 
again returned to the State of hi- nativitv.and for 
three months practiced law at Columbus. He next 
opened an office at Danville. III., ami was in that 
city until April, 1 s 7 7 . when he came to Shelbyville 
to enter into a partnership for law practice with 
W. J. Henry. He severed his connection with that 
gentleman in August, 1879, and since then has car- 
ried on his legal business alone. II*- enjoys a good 
l>raetiee.aud has an enviable reputation as one of our 
most trustworthy lawyers, and his client- feel sat- 
isfied that he will use hi- best efforts in their he- 
half, knowing also that he is well versed in all the 
technicalities of the common law. and understands 
thoroughly how to employ his knowledge to the 
best advantage so as to impress the jury. 

The marriage of Theodore Dove with Miss Alia 
W. Clark was consummated December 27.is77.and 
the home that they have established in this city i- 
a cheerful, cozy abiding place, its pleasant hospital- 
ities being one of the social features of the commu- 
nity, where host and hostess have made many 
friendships during their residence here. Their two 
sons, Theodore C. and Frank Roy, complete their 
household. Mrs, Dove is. like her husband, a na- 
tive of Ohio, her birthplace at Mechanicsburg, 
and she is a daughter of Dr. John and Minora ( Will- 
iams) Clark. 

In local affairs, our subject has done good service 
as a member of the Shelbyville School Hoard. He 
i- un-werving in his allegiance to the Democratic 
party, as he believes its policy the best for the 
guidance of the nation. He is prominent socially 
a- a member of various organizations, the Masonic 
Lodge of Carroll. Ohio: Modern Woodmen of 
America: and of Big Four Lodge, No. 136, Order 

of Tonti. He and his wile are members of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, their names being as- 
sociated with those who are most liberal in its sup- 
port, and who by the daily example of live - guided 
by Christian principle- have contributed to raise 
the moral standard of their community. 


C H 


EANDER A. STORM. Less than thirty years 
have passed over the head of our subject 

1 and yet he has made himself a place and 
recognized position in commercial life, which speaks 
well for the inherent qualities that he possesses. 
There i? nothing petty about Mr. storm's methods 
of dealing, and we predict that the future will 
bring him opportunities which he will seize, and 
which will carry him on the highway to prosperity. 
Making his headquarters in Strasburg, Shelby 
County, he is constantly making excursions into 
whatever part of the State promises a fine return 
in the staples in which he deals — hay and grain, and 
thus he obtains not only a perfect acquaintance 
with his own line of business, hut a broad intelli- 
gence of the general aspect and condition of the 
agricultural class in this State. 

Leauder Storm is a son of Harrison J. Storm. 
Hi- mother was in her maiden days. Harriet Ran- 
kin. They were both native- of Shelby County 
and experienced the vicissitudes of pioneer life. 
For a further history of Mr. Storm Sr. see sketch of 
.1. X. storm in another part of this volume. Our 
subject was Imni iii Ash Grove Township. Shelby 
County, this State May 15, 1863, and astrologers 
would doubtless tell us that his personal and busi- 
ness success and the peace which the country at 
large is at present enjoying, arise from one and the 
same cause, the conjunction of certain astral 
bodies at that momentous period in the history 
of the war. 

The original of our -ketch wa- reared to man- 
hood in Ash Grove and Big Spring Township. 
He received his education in the common Schools. 
When eighteen year- of age, he left home and 
went to California ami was there employed in 
different ways, lie remained, however, in that 



State only about ten months and then returned to 
Big Spring Township, where lit- stayed until the 
completion of his twentieth year. He then was 
united in marriage to Miss AnnieCox, after which 
lie settled in Big Spring Township, and was en- 
gaged in fanning until the fall of 1888 when he 
came to Strasburg, where he has since been a res- 

Mr. Sturm is now engaged in buying and ship- 
ping hay and has given his attention to this busi- 
ness since 1889. His marriage took place in Shelby 
Township. Two children have come to the young 
people. Raymond, who died in infancy, and a 
bright little one who is the joy and pride of her 
fond parents, and who hears the pretty child name. 
Flossie. In his political preference our subject is 
a Democrat. He is the owner of a farm of one 
hundred and twenty acres, that is very valuable 
land. He is an enterprising young business man 
wlio i- sure to make his mark in the world. 

" •i " i " t i, i i %z~? -:--:--:--:-- 

the farm located on section 36, of Richland 
1 Township, is a mosl loyal and appreciative 

German-American citizen. Full of energy ami vi- 
tality Mr. Doehring has not allowed himself to be 
distanced in his agricultural efforts by any of his 
aeighbors. He was born in Germany, September 
21, 1821, and he has now arrived at a point where 
he can look back upon the changes of his own life 
in relation to the changes that, as a whole, have 
taken place during nearly three-quarters of a cen- 
tury. He was reared on a farm in hi- native land 
and there remained until he was twenty-three years 
of age when he came to America. lie landed in 
New York and from there went to Ohio. 

The Bohemian spirit seemed to have possessed 
our subject at this period of his life, for from Ohio, 
lie removed in quick succession to Kentucky, Indi- 
ana, remaining a while in St. Louis, Mo., thence 
came to Madison County, this State, where he set- 
tled and began the serious business of life, remain- 
ing there twenty-six years, during which time he 
was engaged in the business of farming. In the 

Spring of 1869 lie came to Shelby County and set- 
tled in Richland Township, where he has ever since 
been a resident, and to which he has given the ef- 
forts and results of his mature and ripened years. 

Mr. Doehring has erected agoodset of buildings 
upon his farm which comprises three hundred and 
twenty acres. He was married in Madi-on County, 
this State, about 1848, to Dora Brockmejer, who was 
born in Germany. By her he became the father of 
six children, three of whom are Using. They are 
Frederick, Herman and Dora, all names that are as- 
sociated with some of the greatest productions in 
German literature. The daughter is now the wife 
of Lewis Miller. 

Mrs. Dora Doehring died January 11. 1889. She 
was a good and capable housewife, a tender help- 
mate and fond mother, ambitious for her children. 
and self-sacrificing to any degree that they might 
have every advantage. What better eulogy can we 
give the mother than that she made home pleasant? 
Mr. Doehring has always followed the calling of 
farming, in which he has been reasonably succi — 
ful. In his political relations he i- a Democrat, 
believing that that party works more for the inter- 
est and advantages of the people at huge than any 

Mr. Doehring has rilled several public offices in 
the township gift. While in Madison County he 
held the office of Supervisor for one year, and dis- 
charged its duties satisfactorily to it- constituents. 
He. with his family, is a member of the Lutheran 
Church. The farm upon which he at present lives 
bears evidence of careful attention, thoroughly 
well cultivated, its buildings are in excellent order 
and our subject's home residence is the epitome of 
comfort and neatness, lie i- a good man and a 
a 1 citizen. 


■x> . 

A. STEWARDSON, of the linn of Hamm 
.v Stewardson, of Strasburg, shelly County, 

is an enterprising and able young business 
man. The firm of which he is junior member 

deals in hardware, agricultural implements and fur- 
niture, stoves and tinware. Although not ret 



thirty years of age lie is the owner of some line 
land in this county, aside from the position thai 
he holds in the firm, and in which he is building 
up a reputation for business tact and talent, and a 
keen foresight in financial matters that make him 
rank already with the best business men in the 
township. Mr. Stewardson comes from a good 
family who are noted among their acquaintances 
for their practical and common-sense views of the 
affairs of daily life. 

Mr. Stewardson's father was Thomas Stewardson, 
who is now a resident of Shelbyville Township. 
His mother in her maiden da\ - was Sarah C. Brady. 
They were the parents of thirteen children, and of 
these our subject was the fourth in order of birth 
of the second set of children. He was born in Shel- 
byville Township November 25. 18(52. (For a 
fuller history of his parents see sketch of Thomas 
stewardson in another part of this volume.) Our 
subject grew to manhood in his native county. 
lie reeived a good common-school education in the 
schools of the vicinity, and he passed his early life 
in a divided attention to school duties and assist- 
ing with the work of the farm until he was twenty- 
one years of age, remaining during that time 
under hi- father's roof. He then for a period of 
a year and a half engaged in farm labor for other 
farmers in the neighborhood. At the end of that 
time he came to. Strasburg and was employed by 
J. N. Storm as clerk in his store for a period of 
about six years. 

On leaving Mr. storm 's employ our subject was 
for six months engaged in farming and August 1. 
1890, he formed a partnership with Martin Ilamm. 
to engage in the business of which they are now 
proprietors. He has ever since devoted himself to 
the interests of the tiwn. which carries a tine stoek 
of implements, and which is doing a good business. 
He is besides the owner of forty acres of land in 
Richland Township, which is well cultivated and 
valuable land. The calling of agriculture, how- 
ever, is not tin' one to which our subject feels him- 
self best adapted, preferring to deal more intimately 
with men. 

Our subject left the rank and file of bachelors 
February 24. L886, and was united in marriage to 
Elnora Davis, who was born in this county. Their 

wedding was solemnized in Windsor. The young 

couple have had three children, whose name- aii' 
Ethel, Mamie and Myrtle. The second child. 
Mamie, is deceased. Politically he of whom we 
write attiliates with the Democratic party. He has 
been Justice of the Peace for about two years and 
is well qualified to till any position in the gift of 
the township. When a man has made such a suc- 
cess of life at Mr. Stewardson's age. the world has 
reason to expect of him unqualified success in the 
future. Having already shown his ability, he will 
be given prominent positions both in public and 
private affairs. 

j ! i ' i i i i 

I | i | i , < . . < m < 

has said that the most desirable thing in 
life is to be well born, but there i> a differ- 
ent way of construing the expression among 
different classes of people. The writer's idea of 
good birth is the endowment of a fine physical 
constitution, crowned and sanctified by high men- 
tal and moral faculties, and having parents in 
whom shine "high erected thoughts, seated in 
hearts of courtesy." As Oliver Wendell Holmes 
says in his charming conversations over the tea- 
cups, the selection of parent- should be attended 
to several years before one's coming into the 
world, and all sociological questions should be 
carefully balanced. In the case of our subject this 
last consideration happened naturally and without 
his interference, lie is a son of A. Middlesworth. 
of Shelbyville. an honorable, upright and worthy 
man. to whom his son is much indebted, both phys- 
ically and mentally. A sketch of the gentleman 
may be found in another part of this volume. 

Our subject was born in Shelby County, 111.. 
September 11. I860, when the country was in the 
throes of secession and discussion was ripe over the 
decision of the Dred Scott affair. However, when 
he was old enough to understand these matters the 
strife was ended and the country was resuming its 
normal condition. Farmers who had left the plow- 
share to take the title and sabre had returned to 
their homes and resumed the duties of agricultural 



life. When John Middlesworth was eleven years 
old his father removed to Shelbyvillc in order to 
give his children better educational advantages. 
There our subject received his education and con- 
tinued living under his father's roof until his mar- 
riage, which occurred October 10, 1883. His wife's 
maiden name was Alice Stewart; with her he ex- 
perienced but one year of domestic bliss as her de- 
cease took place July 10, 1884. 

Later our subject was united in marriage with 
Athie Brooks, their nuptials being celebrated Sep- 
tember 28, 1885. The present Mrs. Middlesworth 
is a pleasing and attractive lady. She is a daugh- 
ter of Josias W. and Martha 1). (Selby) Brooks and 
one of seven children, there having been three 
sons and four daughters in her parents' family. 
Mrs. Middlesworth being the youngest daughter. 
she was horn inMoweaqua, [11., January 28,T 867; 
Her interest centers in her home and family, which 
includes three bright and attractive children. Their 
names are: Raymond B., William W. and - Glen S. 
He has long followed the calling of farming and 
is now the owner of four hundred and sixty-six 
acre- of finely improved land. .Many valuable im- 
provements have been made upon his farm. 

He of whom we write has long taken an active 
part in political affairs and has been an office-holder 
in the township in which he has lived. He is an 
adherent of the Republican party. His townsmen 
have shown their confidence in his executive abil- 
ity and sound judgment by giving him one of the 
most important offices in the township gift, that of 
School Director. He and his wife are earnest Chris- 
tian people and members of the Presbyterian 

AXIFL KESLER, one of the prominent 
business men of Cowden, Shelby County. 
I^f carries a full line of agricultural imple- 
ments and deal- extensively in grain. 
He was horn in Fairfield County. Ohio, February 
2o. 1845. his father. .John, being a native of the 
same county, and his mother. Mary (I. ear) Kesler, 
being born in Lancaster, Pa. They were happily 

united in marriage in Fairfield ( ounty, Ohio. June 
1. 1843. and became the proud parents of seven 
sons and two daughters, >ix of whom were horn in 
the county just named anil the three youngest 
came to them in Shelby County, this Stale. 

Among the children of John and Mary Kesler, 
our subject was the first-horn. Following him came 
Isaac who i- engaged in the lumber business in 
Cowden: Samuel who carries on fanning in Dry 
Point Township; Simon who i> an invalid and re- 
sides with his brother, our subject: John who farms 
in the township just named, as does also Charles, 
the next son in age; Laura, now the wife of Albeit 
L. Crumley, who resides in Cowden and whose 
husband is associated with her brother Daniel in 
the grain and implement business; William i- a 
telegraph operator and station agent in Edna, Kan., 
and Alice died at the age^of twenty-one after hav- 
ing married Albert L. Crumley who later became 
the husband of Laura. 

The father of this family, with Daniel and Isaac 
was a soldier during the Civil War. He was a 
member of the Fourteenth Illinois Infantry and 
died of typhoid fever at Louisville. Ky., June 18. 
1865. His wife is still living at Cowden. Daniel 
enlisted in Company G, One Hundred ami Forty- 
third Illinois Infantry and served bravely for seven 
months. Most of his time was spent in the South- 
west, a- he was assigned to duty in Arkansas. 
Isaac belonged to the same regiment as his father 
and served gallantly for nine months, being then 
discharged on account of peace being declared. 

Daniel Kesler chose as his partner to share life's 
joys and sorrows, Mi— Elizabeth Thompson, a 
daughter of John Thompson, of Ohio. She was 
born in Pickaway County, that State, where she 
lost her parents by death previous to coming to 
Illinois. The marriage took place March 11. 1865, 
and proved to be a true union ami one which led 
up to a life of more than ordinary domestic happi- 
ness and prosperity. They are both earnest and 
active members of the Free Methodist Church and 
they find in its communion and duties comfort in 
the trials of life and broad opportunity for use- 

To Mr. ami Mrs. Kesler have been born eight 
children, six of whom are now living. Mary Nettie 




is married to Lincoln Becbtel and resides on a farm 
in Dry Point Township; Elmer and Charles who 
are both unmarried and 'reside at Pullman. 111.. 
near Chicago, are in the employ of the Pullman 
Palace Car Company. The next daughter, Annie, 
makes her home with her parents, and the younger 
ones. Harry and Bessie, arc still at hone. Two 
lovely infants, John and Lola Belle, were snatched 
from their parents' arms by death. 

He nf whom we write is well known throughout 
the length and breadth of Shelby County as an 
honorable business man. possessing the esteem and 
confidence of all with whom he is associated in 
business. He deals in grain, stock and agricultural 
implements and has at present the control of the 
stock business at Cowden. This is a patriotic fam- 
ily who did not hesitate when the call came for 
volunteers to defend the old flag and the eternal 
principles of liberty in which they had been 
brought up. Political matters with them are based 
upon moral issues and a hatred of slavery and a 
love for their country became a controlling influ- 
ence. They cheerfully sacrificed the comforts of 
home and yielded with resignation to the loss of 
their father when the time came. During all Mr. 
Kesler's earlier years he was a Republican in his 
sentiments and vote, but a few years ago became a 
Prohibitionist and has since voted witli that party 
on legislative and national issues. 

ON. EDWARD ROKSSLER. In this sketch 
we present to the attention of our readers 
a short record of the life history of a man 
who is well known in Shelby County, not 
only on account of his honorable war record, lint 
also as the former representative of this district in 
the Legislature of the state of Illinois. We also 
invite the attention of the reader to his portrait 
mi the opposite page. His father. Christian Roes- 
sler. was born in Wurtemburg, Germany, and came 
to America in 1815, locating in Lancaster, Fair- 
field County. Ohio. lie learned the trade of a 
wagon-maker in the Old Country and pursued that 

business at different places in Europe. A skilled 
and competent workman, he earned an excellent 

reputation for thoroughness and efficiency. Upon 
coming to Lancaster. Ohio, he engaged in business 

for himself, and his work was noted far and wide 
for its excellence and completeness. He continued 
thus employed in Lancaster until 1832, when he 
sold out and purchased a farm in Fairlield County. 
where he turned his attention to far mini;' and made 
it his home until 1849. 

During the year just mentioned Christian Roes- 
sler sold his farm in Ohio and emigrated to Illi- 
nois, settling in what is now Rose Township. 
Shelby County. There he continued to live until 
his demise, which occurred in September, 1861. 
His marriage in Lancaster united him with Eliz- 
abeth .Miller, who was born in Hesse-Cassel. Ger- 
many, in the year 1799. She lived until July. 
1871, when she passed away in Pose Township. 
Both Christian Roessler and his wife were earnest 
in their religious life as members of the Lutheran 
Church. He ever took an active part in local 
affairs and was efficient in helping to build the 
old Indianapolis it St. Louis Railroad when it 
passed through Shelby County, and was a stock- 
holder in that company. He had a family of four 
sons and two daughters — Reuben. Edward: Re- 
gina, who is the wife of 15. Christman; Andrew; 
Philip, and Elizabeth, who is the wife of Charles 

Lancaster. Fairfield County. Ohio, is the native 
town of our subject, who was born January 13. 
1825. In that town his early years were passed, 
and he was about nine years old when his father 
removed to the farm, where the boy grew to man- 
hood, alternating his attendance at the district 
school with the healthful pursuits of farm life. He 
continued to remain at home until he had reached 
his majority and then enlisted, in 1846, with his 
brother Reuben, in the United States Army for 
service in the Mexican War. Edward became a 
member of Company P. Fourth Ohio Infantry, and 
was in service all through the war. The most im- 
portant engagement in which he took part was the 
battle of Monterey, lie was mustered out of the 
service at Cincinnati. Ohio, and returned to Lan- 
caster, the same State. 



The young man bad determined to come West, 
and in the spring of 1 H 4 '. > he removed to Shelby 
County, 111., with his father's family. He bought 
about two hundred and forty acres and his father 
some five hundred acres, all of it in Rose Town- 
ship. During the season lie set about improving 
his land and preparing to establish his home in the 
new country. During the latter part of the sum- 
mer he returned to the old home in Fairfield 
County, Ohio, and was there married August 5, 
18411, to Anna Stumpf, who was horn in Yerden, 
Hanover, Germany, her birth occurring February 
11, 1831. She was two years old when she came 
witli her parents to Ohio, h'er father being Gearhart 
Stumpf, and her mother's maiden name being Cath- 
erina Luehrs. The mother died of cholera in Cin- 
cinnati. Ohio, iu 1848, and the father did not long- 
tarry, but passed away after reaching Rose Town- 
ship in 1852. 

Mr. and Mrs. Roessler are the parents of twelve 
children, namely: Reuben, who died in infancy; 
David, who married Charlotte Wetzel; Solomon, 
who married Susie Kellogg, and is a military en- 
gineer in the Regular Army; Charles, a farmer, 
who married Emma Wetzel, now deceased; John, 
who took to wife Anna Harbour and is a professor 
in Valparaiso Normal School; Anna, now the wife 
of George Wendling; Amelia, who married Ed- 
ward Wagoner; Clara, who is Mrs. Adolph Reiss; 
Charlotta, the wife of "William Zollinger; Minnie, 
who is engaged in the Hoopeston College, of 
Hoopeston, 111., as a teacher of vocal and instru- 
mental music, in which she is very proficient; 
George and Henry. 

( )n the breaking out of the Civil War Mr. Roes- 
sler took an active part in forwarding enlistments. 
and himself raised an independent company, of 
which he was commissioned Captain. Hiscompanv 
was assigned to the Fifty-fourth Illinois Infantry, 
and he afterward raised two companies, which were 
asssgned to the same regiment. In consequence of 
his energy and zeal he filled the office of Colonel, 
although not regularly commissioned, and re- 
mained in that position until he resigned in No- 
vember, 1 862. 

In the fall of 1870 the subject of this sketch was 
elected to the Twenty-seventh General Assembly 

of the State of Illinois, lie filled this responsible 
position with ability and satisfaction to his con- 
stituents, and has continued to take an interest in 
politieal matters, especially in local movements. 
He was elected the first Supervisor of Rose Town- 
ship, after the organization of that township, and 
served in that capacity for about ten years, and 
for several years was Chairman of the Hoard. 

Roth Mr. and Mrs. Roessler are prominent mem- 
bers of the Lutheran Church and are active workers 
in its schemes of benevolence. They are liberal 
contributors to all church purposes and helped 
generously in the project of constructing a new 
house of worship. Our subject's chief business in 
life has been the pursuit of agriculture and he is 
now the owner of two hundred and forty acres, 
upon which he has placed good improvements, in- 
cluding excellent and commodious buildings. 

BIA CHIRPS. Located in the fertile val- 
ley of Jonathan Creek, is a farm of four 
fii hundred acres, located on section 15. of 
the township which takes its name from 
the water supply. Picturesque and beautiful are 
the meadows, pasture, orchard and wood lot of the 
farm, and happy should be the owner of so tine a 
place. The fortunate man who is possessor of this 
land, is he whose name is at the head of this sketch. 
He settled in the county in the fall, November 26, 
1858, and since that time, has here made his resi- 
dence, applying his time and attention to the up- 
building and cultivation not only of his own pos- 
sessions, but also to the improvement and the 
elevation in tone, of the whole community. 

Abia Chipps was born in Harrison County. W. 
Va., June 8, 1852. and is a son of Asa W and Mel- 
vina E. (Duvall) Chipps, natives respectively of 
Morgan and Harrison Counties. W. Ya. They were 
married in their native State, in 1851. The fam- 
ily came to this county in 1858. and purchased 
eighty acres of raw land. This is now beautified 
and made valuable by a line walnut grove which 
was planted by our subject. The mother of the 



family died April l. 1863. She had -ix children, 
of whom four lived to be grown. Tiny are Abia, 
Kate, Addie and Jefferson E. Kate is now the 
widow of John Landers; Addie is the wife of l{. 
1). Curd, and resides in Des Moines, Iowa: Jeffer- 
son K. operates a farm of his own. 

Our subject's father was a second time married, 
this union being with Mrs. Mary S. Adams nee liar- 
ton, and in 1*77. he removed with his famih to 
Columbia, Mo., remaining there for fourteen years 
and then returned to this county. By her previous 
marriage, Mrs. Chipps, Sr.. was the mother of one 
son. whose name was .lames Williams. Politically 
the father wa- a Democrat, and held local Office. 

Our subject was reared on a farm and educated 
at the Academy of Mount Zion, 111. A thoughtful 
young man. fond of study and of original research, 
he developed a liking for pedagogic work, and en- 
gaged for some lime in teaching, in which he con- 
tinued even two years after his marriage, which 
was solemnized January 1. 1*77. his bride being 
M is- America E. Lilly, who was horn in this county. 
After marriage our subject purchased eighty acres 
of land, and this amount with its proceeds, he so 
carefully husbanded, that he is now the owner of 
four hundred acres of land. He is engaged in the 
business of stock raising, which he finds very profit- 
able, bringing much of his stock to the metropoli- 
tan market-. 

( )ur subject and his wife are the parents of seven 
children, whose names are as follows: Ilallie. Wil- 
lis: Clifford, who is deceased; Raymond, Karl. 
Alta and Paul. Politically our subject is a mem- 
ber of the Democratic party. He has been Super- 
visor of the township for live terms, and has held 
various minor local offices. Socially he is a mem- 
ber of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 


S V 


yfcESLEY M. METSKER. A large and weli- 
improved farm in Tower Hill Township. 
V V Shelby County, is owned and occupied 
by Mr. Metsker. and its possession gives conclusive 
evidence of the ability with which he has prose- 
cuted his calling. It consists of two hundred acres 

on section 17. and is embellished with substantial 
buildings for the shelter of stock and storage of 
»rain. A passer-by will note with pleasure the 
orderly arrangement and neatness characterizing 

the place and the evidences of a pleasant home 
life that are seen about the residence. 

The family of which our subject is an honored 
representative originally came from ( rermany. The 
immediate progenitor's of Mr. Metsker were John 
and Sarah (Mowan) Metsker. natives of Pennsyl- 
vania and Ohio respectively. There were horn to 
them six children, our subject .being the second. The 
father died in Stark County, Ohio, at the age of 
seventy-two years: he wa- an honorable man. whose 
memory is revered in the hearts of his children. 
The mother died at the residence of our subject in 
Tower Hill Township in 1**."). 

The gentleman whose name introduces these 
paragraphs was born in Tuscarawas County, Ohio, 
September fi. 1834 and was reared to manhood in 
his native place. He lived on a farm although his 
father followed the occupation of an engineer in a 
blast furnace. He attended the district schools, 
where he became practically well informed in ordi- 
nary branches of study. Upon attaining to the 
opening years of a stalwart manhood Mr. Metsker 
in a few years earned enough to admit of his 
establishing a home, and accordingly he was mar- 
ried in Canton. Ohio, in November. 1858, to 
Catherine Heck, a native of Tuscarawas County. 
Ohio, and born about 1836. 

The young couple settled in that county where 
they continued to reside until 1865. In that year 
they removed to Illinois, choosing as their home 
section 17. Tower Hill Township, Shelby County, 
and here Mr. Metsker ha- since resided. Six chil- 
dren came to bless the home, a record of whom we 
give below: John W.. married Miss Nellie Dean 
and is a farmer in Colorado; Martha: Mary, is the 
wife of Charles W. Wolf, a fanner of Tower Hill 
Town-hip: Alice married James Bottsford; Emma 
and Lewis are still at home. The wife anil mother 
died at her home November 4. 1871. 

Mr. Metsker was again married, choosing a.- his 
bride Miss Elizabeth Heck, the sister of his former 
wife, and they have three children — l-'rcd. Augus- 
tus and Perrv. Mr. Metsker has always been en- 

■>i 18 


gaged in agricultural pursuits and has embellished 
his farm with good buildings. Politically he casts 
his ballot for the candidates of the United Labor 
party, the principles of which he believes will best 
subserve the welfare of the Government. He has 
held the important office <>f School Director and 
has in other ways been closely identified with the 
progress of the community. Mrs. Met-ker i- a faith- 
ful member of tin- Lutheran Church and enjoj - the 
esteem of her large circle of acquaintances. 

OHN P. GLASSCOCK The agricultural 
community of Whitley Township. Moultrie 
County, is one of the prime elements in the 
industrial and financial success of the 
county. It is notable a- being of a superior order. 
both in intelligence and enterprise and nowhere 
can lie found more efficient farmers or finer-look- 
ing farms. Among these capable agriculturists we 
name witli pleasure and pride the gentleman of 
whom we are now writing. 

Asa Glasscock, the father of our subject, was a 
native of Virginia and his mother. Mary (Pen- 
quite) Glasscock was a Peunsvlvanian by birth. 
The Old Dominion was the scene of their marriage 
and they shortly afterward emigrated to Kentucky 
settling in Fleming County in 181(3 and living 
there for a number of years. Asa Glasscock finally 
died in Mason ( ounty, Ky.. and his wife passed 
away in Warren County, Ohio. They hail eleven 
children of whom our subject was the youngest. 

Fleming County, Ky., i> the native home of 
John 1'. Glasscock and April 22, 1825 was his natal 
day. In this county he passed his early years, a 
little later emigrating to Masen County and after- 
ward to Warren County. Ohio, where he grew to 
manhood. The varied experiences of his early 
year- and the thorough drill which he received 
upon the farm added to his natural ability, pro- 
ducing a tine and vigorous young manhood, well 
equipped to undergo the struggles of life. 

In Warren County. Ohio, tin- young man met 
the lady whom he chose from all the world to tie 

hi- life companion, and he was married in 1845 to 
Catherine Crosson, by whom he had five children, 
namely: .Mary C. Sarilda. Margaret K.. Catherine 
S. and one who died in infancy. The lovely 
mother of these children died while' the family 
still resided in Ohio and somewhat later our sub- 
ject was married in Warren County to Elizabeth 
Mount, who also became the mother of live chil- 
dren — George O.. Ruth A.. Martha A.. Frances 
Anna and l. S. .Mrs. Elizabeth Glasscock died in 
Whitley Township in 1**7 upon the 12th of Sep- 

It wa- in 1869 that Mr. Ola— cock determined to 
remove from Ohio to Moultrie (ounty. 111., and 
here he settled upon section 16, Whitley Town- 
ship, where lie has ever since been a resident. Upon 
his farm here he has placed excellent buildings 
and his home i- not only attractively located hut 
i- also a place where friendly and social gatherings 
are held and where neighbors ever feel that they 
are welcome. Mr. O las-cock has been Highway 
Commissioner, having tilled that office with satis- 
faction and profit to his township. He has ever 
taken a fair degree of interest in local politics and 
i- considered one of the sound Republicans of that 
section of the county. 


SAAC HORN. An honorable citizen and a 
thorough business man. a practical mechanic, 
and the representative of a worthy family is to 
lie found in Isaac Horn, who i- now a farmer and 
stock-grower residing on section 2;t. Sullivan Town- 
ship. He was born in Washington County. Pa.. 
July :?<). 1832. Hi- parent- John and Mary M. 
(Gantz) Horn, as well as his paternal grandparents 
were natives of Pennsylvania, while the great- 
grandparents on that side came from Germany. 

The subject of this sketch worked with his father 
upon the farm in Pennsylvania until he reached 
the age of nineteen years, when he worked at the 
carpenter'- trade until 1870, at which time he made 
his permanent home on a farm in Moultrie County. 
111. It was in 1865 when he came to Illinois and 
on account of failing health being obliged to stop 



his mechanical work he decided to settle upon a 
farm. Forseveral years pasl he has done but little 
more than to superintend his various interests in 
Moultrie County. 

Tlir marriage of Mr. Horn, February 13, 1870, 
united him with Miss Barbara A. Hudson, a daugh- 
ter of J. J. Hudson, for whose family history, the 
reader will please see the sketch of Isaac Hudson 
upon another page. Of the Horn family there 
were twelve children born, seven sons and five 
daughters, namely: Martin, who resides on a farm 
in Knox County, Ohio; George C, who lives on 
the old homestead in Washington County. Pa.. 
which was entered from the Government by the 
great-grandfather of our subject; two girls who 
died in early childhood; Hugh X.. who resides in 
Henry County, Iowa and is engaged in farming; 
our subject; Mary M.. the widow of W. M. D. 
Price, who resides in California: Hannah, who 
married first Eleven Alva, who died in 1868, and 
i- now Mrs. Squire Woodruff: Jacob, who enlisted 
in a cavalry organization afterward known as the 
Ringold Cavalry, and having served three rears 
died a few days after the expiration of his term of 
service, passing away in Clarvsville Hospital, Md.: 
John, who died in Pennsylvania when sixteen 
years old: Sarah Maria, wife of George Coogle 
wlio resides in her native county and William M. 
who owns a portion of the old homestead in Penn- 
sylvania a tine tract of three hundred and four 
acres which was divided between George and 

Isaac Horn was the financier of the family ami 
in his early days undertook the difficult task of 
saving the old homestead from the relentless hand 
of a security debt which was contracted by the 
father. By dint of a tremendous effort and the 
Sacrifice of years of his early manhood the prop- 
erly was saved and he afterward sold his interest, 
a-- did the other heirs, to the two brothers. The 
parents passed away in Pennsylvania. 

To our subject and his estimable wife six children 
came: the eldest, a .-on. died in early infancy: the 
second a girl died when nine months old; Leslie 
C, was horn August :'>. 1*77; Doy < >.. February -'i. 
1882; Karl A.. April 12, 1884; and Chester July 3, 
1KSC. When Mr. Horn came to Illinois in 1865, 

he brought with him the results of hi- savings at 
the carpenter's bench and his -hare from the -ale 
of the old home-tead. making in all about 17,000. 
This he invested in lands anil improvements in 
Sullivan Town-hip. Mrs. Horn had inherited two 
hundred and seventeen acres and to this her hus- 
band has added at different times by purchase until 
they now own eight hundred and sixty-two acres 
of fine farming and timber lands. Fine improve- 
ments and good buildings are upon the place. I die 
of their farms, a tract of three hundred and live 
acres, located near Sullivan, is usually rented out 
on -hares. 

This gentleman has ever taken a thoroughly in- 
telligent interest in public affairs and his political 
convictions have led him to ally himself with the 
Republican party, but office he has never sought 
and has often declined, as he prefer- home-life and 
the quiet pursuit of agriculture to the turmoil of 
the political arena, lie has accumulated a line 
property, the income from which will afford him 
and his family a good living during their lives. 




■ OHN R. McCLURE, a successful general groc- 
ery man. doing business on the east side of 

the public square at Sullivan. Moultrie 
County, has recently erected a fine, two-story 
brick building, 70x25£feet with a basement, where 
he is carrying on an extensive business. His first 
store was opened in January. 1857, since which 
time he has been a successful merchant, with the ex- 
ception of fourteen years, during which time he 
engaged in farming in Sullivan Township. He has 
lived in this countj since October, 1853, making 
his home either in Sullivan or vicinity, and ever 
showing himself an energetic and public-spirited cit- 

Mr. McClure is active in local politics, being 
warmly attached to the Democratic party, and was 
at one time an Alderman of the city. He is deeply 
interested in schools and a promoter of the cause of 
education. Hewasborn in Franklin County, Ind.. 
August *. 1835. His father. Lewis D. McClure be- 
ing al-o a native of that county and a soil of Will- 



i.'iin MeClure, a Kentuckian who came of Scotch- 
Irish descent, but whose parents were born in Vir- 
ginia. They came to Kentucky in the time of 
Daniel Boone and became pioneers near Lexington. 

William MeClure became a tanner and was mar- 
ried in Butler County, Ohio, to Miss l'helie Eads. 
an aunt of the late Capt. Eads who built the great 
bridge at St. Louis, and also the builder of the 
Mississippi River jetties. Some years after marriage 
this couple, about the beginning of this century, 
removed to Franklin County, Ind., and there spent 
the remainder of their days, being past middle life 
at the time of their decease. They were consistent 
and earnest members of the old-school Baptist 
Church. Lewis I). MeClure, the father of our sub- 
ject, was born and reared in Franklin County. Ind., 
and learned the trade of a blacksmith which he fol- 
lowed for a number of years, after which he under- 
took farming. He was married in Franklin County 
to Miss Elizabeth Rockefellar, a kinswoman of the 
great oil speculator. Her parents. John and Mary 
(Thorp) Rockefeliar, were early settlers in Franklin 
County, coming then' in 1805 from Trenton. X. J., 
and there remaining through life. They were 
Methodists in their religious convictions. 

After the birth of three children Lewis J). Me- 
Clure and wife left Indiana with a team and wagon 
and after a long and tedious journey landed in 
Clark County. 111., where they settled upon the farm 
where they now reside. Mr. MeClure having reached 
the age of seventy-eight years and his wife being 
now eighty-two. They have both been active 
workers in the Methodist Episcopal Church through- 
out life and they are enjoying a quiet and peaceful 
old age. 

John R. MeClure is the eldest of six children, all 
but one of whom are still living. When eighteen 
years old he set out for himself, coining to Sullivan 
County, where he began life as a poor boy with 
but little means, and has now accumulated a com- 
fortable but modest fortune. Hismarriage to Miss 
Sophronia Tichenor, a native of Sullivan County, 
Ind., occurred in this comity. She died in the 
prime of life, leaving two children — Fdgar who is 
at home and assists his father; and William, who 
took to wife Laura Matterson, and lives in Sullivan 
City, although lie also assists his father a part of 

the time, but is a printer by trade. Mr. MeClure 
was the second time married in Sullivan, Miss 
Julia Calkins, who was born in Licking County. 
Ohio, becoming his wife. Her father. Uranius 
Calkins, lived to the age of four-score years, and 
her mother is still living in Licking County, being 
now about three-score and ten. Mr. and Mis. 
Calkins were efficient and consistent members of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church. Mrs. MeClure, 
like her husband, is a member of the Methodist 
Church, and is a true and good woman. She is 
bringing up her live children in the Christian faith 
and giving them the best advantages possible for 
an educational and domestic training. Their names 
are Charlie, Ida, Cora, Flora and Elmer. Mr. Mc 
Clure is a charter member of the lodge of Odd 
Fellows, and also of the Masonic lodgeal Sullivan. 

'• L 



of a minister in the Western States has ever 
\V entailed a great degree of severe labor and 
*^ privation, and the brave men who have 
undertaken the work of the preacher among new 
settlements have had abundant opportunity to em- 
ulate apostolic self denial and zeal, and have many 
of them (piite undermined their health by the severe 
efforts which they passed through. Such an one is 
our subject who now resides in Stewardson, Shelby 
County, and who was born in Holland Township. 
March 21. 1841. 

Mr. Gollogher is the son of Wesley and Sarah 
( Middlesworth) Gollogher, who were natives of 
Fairfield County. Ohio. The paternal grandfather 
of our subject, Thomas Gollogher, was born in Ire- 
land and came to the United States while a young 
man. While living in Pennsylvania, he was united 
in marriage to a lady of German birth and soon re- 
moved to Fairfield County, ( )hio. where they reared 
a pioneer family of eight sons and two daughters. 
Wesley Gollogher was the seventh son in that fam- 
ily, and he like his father, became a farmer by oc- 
cupation and in 1 s:>7 removed to Indiana. 

In 1839 the father of our subject came to Shelby 
County, 111., and settled in Holland Township, pur- 



chasing a small claim and entering some three hun- 
dred acre- of land. Here he made his borne until 
l.sT.s. when he removed to Shelbyville, «1htc he 
died January 28, 1880. He and his affectionate 
and faithful wife had been most harmoniously re- 
lated in their wedded life and their separation by 
death was brief, as her passage to the other world 
took place February 28, 1880, just one month after 
his. In their religious life they had been connected 
with the Methodist Church and were valuable and 
valued workers therein. 

The children of this worthy couple are Mis. Mary 
.1. Allen who resides in Wallace, Neb.; Sarah A. 
who is now Mrs. S. W. Wilson and resides near 
Shelbyville; Elijah, our subject; Louisa M.. mar- 
ried the Rev. David Gay and makes her home in 
Decatur; Minerva, whose husband, X. 1'. Smith. 
Is a physician in Paris, 111.; Thomas .1. who resides in 
Shelby County, and Lucy M. who married 11. B. 
smith M. 1). of Shelbyville. 

Farm training and the life of a schooi hoy in 
the common schools of Shelb) County, tilled up 
the early year- of our subject, but he did not take 
all of his education by any means in the school- 
house, for he ha- carried it on through life as he is 
an extensive reader and a man who delights in the 
pursuits of literature which is broadening and im- 
proving in its effects upon his mind. In 1866 he 
left the farm and for six years was in the grocery 
trade at Shelbyville, after which he returned to 
the farm for five years. 

Elijah Gollogher was but sixteen years old when 
he gave himself to Christ and became a member of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church. Being a nominal 
member of the church did not satiisfy him as he be- 
came at once an active worker in both church and 
Sabbath-school, and for many years devoted him 
self to the work of a local preacher. 

It was in 1 S7f) when this earnest man became a 
member of the Illinois Conference, after winch he 
located as pastor at Oconee for two years, at Lov- 
ington for two years and one year at Slewardson. 
Not having had the advantages of a thorough edu- 
cation in his boyhood, he endeavored to supplement 
this while carrying on his pastoral work, and owing 
to over exertion his health failed. This obliged him 
to de\ ote himself again for four years to the culti- 

vation of his farm, after which he became pastor 
for one year at Bismarck, then for three years at 
Murdock. and one year at l.erna, but on account 
of throat trouble he was obliged to leave the min- 
istry permanently and in the fall of 1890 he erected 
a beautiful residence at Stewardson where he hopes 
to make his home for life. He owns eighty acres 
of land in Prairie Township, upon which he is car- 
rying on fruit raising. 

The Rev. Mr.Gollogher was married May 22,1862, 
to Rebecca E. Young, a daughter of Thomas and 
Sarah (YVertinan) Young, who has proved a faith- 
ful and true-hearted companion. This lady was 
born in Christian County. III. The Democratic 
party commanded the respect and vote of our sub- 
ject in his early life but it was not long before he 
decided to ally himself with the organization which 
placed Abraham Lincoln in the Presidental chair. 
His deep and serious interest in the cause of tem- 
perance leads him now to vote for prohibition 
and to work for its success in both the moral and 
political field. 


*-7Z-^lI()MAS PORTER was born in one of the 
//T\ early pioneer homes of Central Illinois, on 
V_y a farm fifteen miles southwest of Spring- 
field, April 11. 1831, and consequently has wit- 
nessed much of the development of this part of the 
Male from a wilderness. And not only that, but 
he has aided in its growth by his work as a prac- 
tical farmer in Shelby County, where he now owns 
a valuable farm, finely located in Moweaqua 

Our subject's father. Henry Porter, was born in 
Maryland, and came from there to Illinois in 1!S2(I. 
He was one of the first settlers of Sangamon 
County, and fora few years resided on Lick Creek, 
where he busied himself in fanning the virgin soil, 
lie then became a pioneer of Christian C ounty. and 
with his limited means he bought forty acres of 
timber that was partly grown, and after he had 

built a log house to shelter his family, he c - 

menced to clear his land. lie remained a resident 
of that county many years, living to see it well 


developed, and died there at the venerable aire of 
ninety years. In early manhood he married Nancy 
Bowles, who was likewise a native of Maryland, 
and she died on the home farm in Sangamon 

Our subject was but three years old when his 
parents removed to Christian County, and he was 
brought mi amid pioneer surroundings, as at that 
time the country was very sparsely inhabited, deer, 
wild turkeys and other kinds of game being very 
plentiful where there are now productive farms 
and busy towns. There were no railways, and the 
nearest flour mill was in Sangamon County, fifty- 
five miles distant. People lived off the products 
of their farms, their limited fare being occasionally 
varied by the addition of game, and com meal 
was the principal breadstuff. 

When Mr. Porter was eight years old he went to 
live with John Campbell on the banks of Lick 
Creek, and remained with him three years. The 
sturdy, independent little lad then eared for him- 
self after that, and used to earn his living by 
working out by the month or day. For some 
years he was employed in a saw-mill, and in due 
time he was enabled to marry and establish a home. 
After marriage he turned his attention to farming 
in Shelby County, on a farm owned by his father- 
in-law in Flat Branch Township. He farmed there 
sixteen years, and at the end of that time bought 
his present farm, which is classed among the finest 
in all Moweaqua Township. Its two hundred and 
eighty at res an 1 admirably tilled and yield large 
harvests in repayment for the care expended upon 
them, while its improvements are of a good order. 
including three sets of commodious frame build- 

In January, I*."i7. Mr. Porter was married to 
Miss Julia Ann Stombaugh. and in her he found 
all that a true wife can be to her husband. She 
was a tender mother to their children, of whom 
there are five living: Mary Catherine, wife of John 
T. Haslam; Eliza A., wife of George 15. Carrington; 
Sarah Isabelle. wife of Wesley Snell; Dudley, who 
married Mary Prescott; and [daG., wife of Eugene 
Harper. Mrs. Pinter who was a daughter of Mar- 
tin ami Catherine (Traughber) Stombaugh, was 
born in Tennessee July 27. 1828, and died in the 

home in this township that she had blessed so many 
years March 15, 1891. She was a Christian in 
word and deed, and was a devoted member of the 
Protestant Methodist Church. 

In this summary of the life of our subject it is 
shown that he is a self-made man. who began to 
make his own way in the world at a much earlier 
age than is usual with boys, and with down-right 
hard labor, seconded by thrift and prudent man- 
agement, has become possessed of a comfortable 
property, so that he is well fortified against pov- 
erty, and can pass his remaining years free from 
the necessity of incessant toil. He is a thoroughly 
good citizen, a man of sterling honesty, and has 
led a consistent Christian life since he joined the 
Protestant Methodist Church in 186] with his wife. 
In politics he is a Democrat, tried and true. 






^^IIOMAS L LEGO ITT. This successful 
farmer and old soldier who resides on sec- 
W tion 7. Whitley Township, is the son of 
Thomas X. Leggitt, who was born in Licking 
County. Ohio, and of Evaline E. Kliver. a native 
of the same place. There they were married and 
made their first home and thence removed in course 
of time to Vigo County, Ind.. where they resided 
a year before coming to Edgar County. There 
they settled and remained permanently for eleven 
years, after which they returned to Indiana and 
purchased a farm in VigoCounty where they lived 
for five years. Thomas X. Leggitt then sold out 
his Indiana farm and removed to Kansas, settling 
near Independence where he died in 1889. His 
bereaved widow survives him and is making her 
home with her children in Kansas City. 

Of the fourteen children of this worthy couple 
our subject was the third in order of age, being 
born in Licking County. Ohio. August ;». 1842. 
He was still residing under the parental roof when 
the Civil War broke out and President Lincoln 
made his first call for troops, our young man 
promptly enlisted in the service of his country, the 
date of his enlistment being April 2(1. 1861. He 
joined Company G, Forty-third Indiana Regiment. 



.•ind served until August 29, 1*(;2. when In- was 
mustered out of service. 

Bu1 this >h< >ri period of warfare did not satisfy 
the young soldier and lie recruited and was mus- 
tered in again in Company 11. Seventy-first Indi- 
ana Regiment, or sixth Cavalry, serving in thai 
company until September, 1865, with the exception 
of three month.- during which he was in Company 
K. of the same regiment. He was wounded at 
Moore's Landing, Ark., the ball going through his 
left hand. All through tins period of conflict lie 
was the same brave, unflinching, intrepid soldier. 
\\(ii thy of trust and reliance and full of enthusiasm 
for the old flag and the Union. He neverfelt that 
he did or could do too much tor his native country 
and its institutions of liberty. 

When the war was over our young hero returned 
to his father's home in Edgar County. 111., but re- 
mained with him only a lew months as he had now 
resolved to strike out for himself. In March, 1866 
he came lo Moultrie County and began work by 
the month, afterward going to the home of an 
uncle and remaining two years. 

In .Moultrie County this young man found the 
lady who was to be his companion through life and 
was united with her in marriage April 20. 1871. 
She was a widow at the time of her marriage with 
him. her name being Mi's. Julia A. Whitfield, nee 
Reed. She was a native of .Moultrie County, hav- 
ing been born here November 11. 1844. After 
marriage they settled in Whitley Township where 
lie has -nice been a resident. 

The six children who have been granted tO Mr. 
and Mrs. Leggitt are Thomas I., Clara .1.. Mary E., 
Julia E., William A. and Olive A. William A. 
died when only nine months old but the other 
children have lived to be the joy and comfort of 
their affectionate and judicious parents. Mr. Leg- 
gitt has always been engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits and is a successful man in his work. One 
hundred and fifteen acres of rich soil constitutes 
his farm, upon which he has made excellent im- 
provements. Of his war record he may truly feel 
proud as it proved the stuff of which he was made 
and all who knew him in that relation are proud 
to say that he did good service and his full duty 
by his country in her hour of need. At the time 

he was mustered out he had the rank of First Cor- 
poral. The buildings upon his farm are first-class 
and his home is a delightful one. within the walls 
of which he and his amiable wife extend toward 
their friends a gracious hospitality. 

•>J— >J- , ' > i > i t ' ■ 

M ' i ' i ' i ' 

J sions is 

fr^S LEAZAR A. PYATT, M. I). To attain dis- 
ion in any one of the learned profes- 
the proud ambition of many a man 
who is struggling through the early portion of his 
career, but it is looked forward to as the prize to 
be gained toward the end of the race, and when 
then gained it may well be accounted as having 
been worth a struggle. We occasionally. how r ever, 
know of an instance when a man still young has 
attained to this high position, and his success is 
certainly worthy of applause and emulation. Such 
was the success of Dr. l'yatt, of Bethany. Moultrie 
County, during the early days of the Civil War. 
when he was placed in a position of responsibility 
and trust which established his reputation for all 

Or. Pyatt, who located in this county in 1868, 
and is therefore the oldest physician in Bethany, 
was born in Yancey County. N. C, October '.). HS32, 
and is a son of Joseph and Jane (Brooks) Pyatt, 
both of North Carolina, the latter being of Scotch 
descent. The grandfather of Joseph l'yatt was 
born in Coventry. England, of French parentage 
and came to the United States when only sixteen 
years of age, just before the breaking out of the 
Revolutionary War. He immediately attached 
himself to the cause of political liberty and served 
all through that period of conflict and shared in 
the struggles and hardships of Washington's army. 
At the conclusion of the war he settled in Burke 
County. X. C, and engaged in farming, though he 
was a hatter by trade. 

The father of our subject was reared a farmer, 
and having married in his native State. North Car- 
olina, resided there during his cut ire life, and dying 
at the age of seventy-four years, lie and his wor- 
thy wife reared two sons and four daughters and 
our subject is the fourth in order of birth, lie was 



the only one to choose a profession, as the others 
have all lieen abundantly satisfied with the pursuit 
<>f agriculture. Burnsville Academy in his native 
county gave to him a thorough education and pre- 
pared him excellently for the pursuit of his profes- 
sional studies which he began at a very early aire. 

When only twenty-five years old the Doctor was 
prepared to commence practice and located at Poor 
Hill. Tenn. lie subsequently entered Jefferson 
Medical College at Philadelphia, and took his di- 
ploma from that institution in 1861, soon after 
which he entered the Confederate army. He was 
mustered in as a private hut as soon a- his talents 
and his professional skill became known he was 
made Assistant Surgeon-General, having charge of 
the Eastern Department of the Tennessee during 
the formation of those forces, some twenty thou- 
sand men being mustered into service in that de- 
partment. After the duties of that position was 
discharged Dr. Pyatt was appointed Regimental 
Surgeon of the Nineteenth Tennessee Infantry, 
where he remained until the close of the war. being 
especially active during the engagements at Shiloh 
and Stone River. 

After the war Dr. Pyatt went to Virginia and 
was married October lii. 1865, in Washington 
County, that State, to Ann E. Mahaffey, daughter 
of Hugh Mahaffey. She was a native of the county 
in which her marriage took place, having been born 
there July 20. 1845. After marriage the young 
couple settled in Hancock County. Tenn.. whence 
in 1867 they came to Illinois and foreight months 
were located at Mt. Zion, from which point they 
removed to Bethany. Dr. and Mrs. Pyatt have 
had six children, one of whom died in infancy and 
another. Mary Grace, married Warren A. Wilkinson 
and died April 23. 1891, leaving one son. Walter 
A., who is now deceased. Those who are living of the 
Doctor's family are: Edward C. a druggist at 
Brownsville, Ore.; George A., who is now attend- 
ing Lincoln University; Lulu Pearl and Anna 

Dr. Pyatt is a Democrat in his political views. 
l>ut is not extremely partisan, notwithstanding the 
fact that he was connected with the Confederate 
service, hut he esteems it 1 lis duty to take enough 
interest in local matters to cast his vote on election 

day. In regard to his large and lucrative practice 
and the handsome property which he has accumu- 
lated, he may truly he styled a self-made man. for 
he had but 13.00 and a horse when he made his 
home in Tennessee after leaving his native state, 
and he was obliged to pawn his horse for six months' 
hoard. This, however, was only the beginning, as 
he at once commanded an extensive practice and 
was never again in straightened circumstances. 
He has easily accumulated property, as he has both 
the professional and business qualities which lead 
to success, and he now has over nine hundred acres 
of finely improved farming land, upon which he 
has placed over $9,000 worth of tiling. His land 
is all in Marrowbone Township, near Bethany, and 
i- considered one of the best farms in the township. 
His residence is said to he the finest in Moultrie 
County and it is not only beautiful in the exterior 
and delightfully located, but it is also furnished 
throughout with good taste and is the scene of cor- 
dial hospitality and domestic happiness. He is 
connected with the Cumberland Presbyterian 
Church, which he has joined since coming to this 
county, as he had formerly belonged to the Old 
School Presbyterian Church. 

A lithographic portrait of the Doctor accompan- 
ies this sketch. 

Jp^IIOMAS 11. GRAHAM. Circuit Clerk of 
//jjS shelly County, is a native of this Stale and 
V_y a representative of one of the early pioneer 
families of Illinois. He is a veteran of the late 
war. and he is well known and honored as one of 
Shelhyville's most worthy citizens. He was horn 
in Coles County. April 20, 1839. His father. Mar- 
tillas Graham, was horn at Ft. Harrison. Ind., 
November 25. 1^11. He was a son of Jonathan 
Graham, who was horn in North Carolina, January 
12. 1788. He was one of the pioneers of Indiana, 
where he located in territorial days on a tract of 
timber land in the vicinity of Ft. Harrison, and 
he cleared a farm from the wilderness. At the 
time of his settlement there Indians were more 
numerous than the whiles, and were oftentimes 



troublesome, and during the War of 1*12 lie ac- 
cepted the advice of Gen. Harrison to retire to the 
fort. He left the must of his belongings in hi* 
cabin, and that night after he had removed to the 
fort his home was ransacked by the Indians .'11111 
the block bouse was fired, lit- continued i" reside 
at the fori until 1831, when he sold bis farm to 
Thomas Springer, father of the Hon. William 
Springer, and removed to Illinois. He spent one 
year in Coles County, and then coming to Shelby 
County, bought a farm one mile above town on 
the river. There was a gristmill on the place 
operated bj horse power, and he managed that, 
while his sons carried on his farm. A few years 
later he sold that property, and returning to Coles 
County, bought a home seven miles north of Mat- 
toon and later entered Governnent land in the 
same locality, lie lived there some years hut after 
the death of his second wife he spent the rest of 
his life with his children. The maiden name of his 
first wife, grandmother of our subject, was Annie 
Hill. She was horn November 20. 1786, and she 
died on the farm in Shelby County. 

The father of our subject was reared and edu- 
cated amid the primitive scenes of the pioneer days 
of hi* native State. Later he accompanied his 
parents to their new home in the wilderness in 
this state, and followed farming with his father in 
this county until the family returned to Coles 
County, when he entered a tract of land from the 
Government, his claim being located seven miles 
from Mattoon on the line of Moultrie County. He 
built a frame house on the place, and at once began 
the bard work of reclaiming his land from its nat- 
ural wild condition. There were no railways, and 
as there was no market for grain In' fed his to his 
stock, which he drove to St. Louis or Chicago to 
sell. After living there two years lie returned to 
this county, and became prominently identified 
with its manufactures, purchasing a carding-mill at 
Shelbyville, which was operated by horse and ox- 
power, lie built an addition to the mill, and at 
the time of his death, which occurred January 25, 
1851, he had just introduced machinery to start a 
fulling-mill. He was a man of much energy of 
character and enterprise, and his removal while yet 
in life's prime was a serious l< »> to the interests of 

the county, where his name is still cherished as that 
of an honored pioneer who helped to lay the 

foundations of its prosperity. 

The parents of our subject were married August 
.'j. 1835, and the maiden name of his mother was 
Phananda Williams. She was horn in Pulaski 
County, Ky.j December .">. 1813. Her father was 
the Rev. Baylis Williams, a native of Virginia, 
coming from one of the wealthy old families of 
that State. lie inherited slaves, hut as he was op- 
posed to the institution of slavery, he liberated 
them and removed to a free state. He resided in 
Pulaski County. Ky., of which he was a pioneer, 
until 1830, when he came to Illinois with his wife 
and seven ch ildren , journeying thither with teams. 
bringing along household goods, and driving his 
stock. For four weeks the family traveled, camp- 
ing and cooking by the wayside at night and on 
Sundays, and at length arrived in this county, and 
settled one mile south of Shelbyville. The grand- 
father bought six hundred and forty acres of land 
in that vicinity, three miles south of the town, and 
there his mortal career was brought to a close in 
1831. Thus early the influence of this good man 
was losl to his community. He was of a strong, 
versatile character, and besides being a practicing 
physician, was a preacher of much local fame in 
the Methodist Episcopal denomination, and often- 
times he preached to his fellow -pioneers in the log 
court house. His mortal remains were deposited 
in the Ridge Cemetery. The maiden name of his 
first wife, the maternal grandmother of our suh- 
jecl. was Elizabeth Bowen. She died in Kentucky 
in 1817. The venerable mother of our subject 
still resides in Shelbyville. She retains in a re- 
markable degree her mental faculties, and is greatly 
respected for the genuine worth of her character. 
She has been a consistent member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church since 1K.S2. Her husband joined 
in his youthful days, and was an earnest Christian 
and supporter of the church until the day of his 
death. In his politics he was an old-line Whig. 
and was opposed to slavery. 

The subject of this biographical review laid the 
foundation of his education in the public schools 
of this State, and at the age of twelve years en- 
tered a printing office to learn to set type. His 



employer soon suspended, and the ensuing two 

years the lad was engaged at various kind- of 
work, and attended school during the winter ses- 
sions. At the age of fourteen he again entered a 
pi'inting office, and worked therein until lx.">7. He 
then accepted a position as clerk in the Circuit 
Clerk's office at Shelbyville and acted in that ca- 
pacity until 1859, when he started for the Terri- 
tory of Kansas, going by rail to st. Joseph, Mo., 
and thence by Stage to Lawrence, which was then 
a village of about two thousand people. The 
ensuing year he was engaged there a- manager of 
a sawmill, hut in the fall of I860 he gave up that 
position to resume his old trade in a printing office, 
where lie was employed until July, 1861. In that 
month he started with Others for the Rocky Moun- 
tains, making the journey across the plains with 
six yoke of oxen. At that time there were but 
very few white settlers between St. Joseph and the 
Rockies, and buffaloes and other wild animals 
roamed in large herds across the sterile plains 
known as the "Great American Desert." 

Mr. Graham roughed it as a frontiersman in the 
mountains nearly a year, and then retraced his 
footsteps to Kansas, where in duly. 1862, he en- 
listed in Company B, Twelfth Kansas Cavalry. He 
was soon detailed to serve in the Commissary De- 
partment, and rendered valuable aid in that im- 
portant branch of the service until after the close 
of the war. He was honorably discharged with 
his regiment at Ft. Leavenworth in July. 1865, and 
returning to Lawrence, he continued his residence 
in Kansas until 1868, when he came hack to his 
old home at Shelbyville: From that time until 
1881 hi- wa- a clerk in different law offices, and in 
that year wa- appointed Deputj County Clerk, lie 
retained that position until 1886, and was after 
that clerk in a law office until he was elected to his 
present office as Circuit Clerk in 1888, for a term 
of four years. Hi- selection for this important 
position was a wise one in point of qualification 
and experience, and he is performing the work 
connected with it with characteristic zeal and de- 
votion to his duty. 

A- a gentleman of unimpeachable integrity and 
high standing in the county where so many years 
of his life have been passed, our subject is looked 

upon with consideration and genuine respeel by all 

who know him. lie is soundin his political view-, 
which arc in accordance with the tenet- of the 
Democratic party, which has in him an earnest 
supporter. Socially, he i- allied with the Black 
Hawk Lodge, No. 183, K. of 1'. He is a Director 
in the Laborers' Loan Association, and lias helped 
to make it a success. 

E~ PHRAIM II. COOK, of Shelbyville, is one of 
the most popular, keen anil wide-awake of 
the men whose liberal, progressive and far- 
sighted methods have been potent in the making of 

thi- county. He ha- in various ways borne a part 
in its upbuilding and in the extension of its indus- 
trial interests for more than thirty years, and to- 
day is widely known a- one who ha- been influen- 
tial in the introduction and breeding of fine horses 
in this section of the state. 

In Washington County. Md.. is the birthplace of 
our subject, two miles from Hagerstown, and he 
tirst opened his eye- to the familiar scenes of his 
boyhood October 2, 1834. His father. John Cook, 
was a native of Franklin County, Pa. He was 
married at Greencastle, his native State, to Miss 
Hannah Hoffman, who was horn in Baltimore 
County. Md. and died in Funkstown. the same 
Mate, in lsis. leaving live children — lohn, I reorge, 
Fphraim II.. Eliza and William. The father was a 
blacksmith, and removing from Greencastle to 
Funkstown. he followed his trade there for a time 
and then opened a hotel. He resided there until 
his death in 1857, and hi- community was thus de- 
prived of one of its most substantial citizens who 
was greatly respected. 

He of whom this brief life-record is written was 
educated in his native town, and at the age of 
seventeen the energetic, -elf-reliant youth began an 
apprenticeship at Hagerstown to learn the trade of 
a carpenter and joiner, lie served two years, and 
having gained an accurate knowledge of his calling 
he worked at it on his own account at Greencastle, 
Pa. one season, and at Baltimore, Md.. for the same 
length of time. With characteristic foresight and 



business acumen he judged that the more newlj 
settled regions of the great Prairie state offered :i 
wider field to men in his line than the older por- 
tions of the country that had long been inhabited, 
and he resolved to take advantage of such oppor- 
tunities as he might seize here to build up his for- 
tunes, and in 1855 we find him Located at Mi. 
Morris, in OgleCounty. He was actively employed 
at his trade there until 1859, and in thai year took 
an important step in life in then making this county 
his future residence, which has accrued to his ben- 
efit as well as to that of the community at large. 
He has ever since made Shelbyville hi- home. He 
carried on the business of contractor and builder 
tor some years, was instrumental in introducing a 
Style of architecture useful as well a> ornamental, 
and some of the best buildings here, including the 
Methodist Episcopal and Presbyterian Churches are 
monuments to his skill. lie is a man of large en- 
terprise and by no mean.- confined his attention 
wholly to his work as a contractor, but branched 
out in other directions, and at the same time was 
interested iii a flouring mill at Windsor and in a 
saw-mill ten mile- south of the city, also engaged 
in the lumber business and farming, and for a time 
was interested in the foundry. 

Soon after coming here Mr. Cook bought his 
farm, which i- a valuable and well improved prop- 
erty, advantageously located three miles east of the 
city. It is admirably adapted to stock-raising 
purposes, and Mr. Cook devote- it principally to 
the business of breeding horses, and with Mich 

Success that he is the owner of some Of the finest 
thorough-breds, draft and trotting horses in the 
country. At the present time he has four stallions, 
one of them an imported English draft horse and 
one an imported Clydesdale. He i> the owner of 
the celebrated -Hazel X.." of the Hambletonian and 
Membrino stock, registered number 11,600. He is 
a handsome bay with black point-, and i- consid- 
ered one of the finest horses in the State. "Cuya- 
hoga Chief", another of his fine horses, is a handsome 
black, of the Blackhawk, Morgan and Membrino 
Chief strains. 

Mr. Cook was married in 1858 to Ellen Virginia 
Pouke, a native of shepherd-town. Ya.. and a 
daughter of .lame- and Angelina (liver-) Pouke. 

They are very pleasantly situated in one of the 
well-appointed residences of Shelbyville, whose 
furnishings and surroundings are luxurious, and 
the cordiality and good will exercised by its gen- 
erous host and hostess and others of the household 
toward all who enter therein i- something to be 
remembered with pleasure. Mr. and Mr-. Cook 
have seven children, namely: Wilbur; Eva, wife of 
Charles E. Haydon; John 11.. Nellie. Harry. Walter 
and Charles. 

Our subject has not stooped to query whether or 
no "life i- worth living", but ha- made it so by 
sheer force of an active spirit and an indomitable 
will, guided by sound sense and high principles 
and seconded by a judgment in business matters 
that is unerring and bya masterly ability to accom- 
plish whatever he -et- his hand to. He is a member 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church, is liberal in his 
contributions for it.- support, ami exercises true 
public spirit in all things that will in anyway en- 
hance the well-being of the community. He is a 
Republican in politics and i- devoted to his party. 

ACOB GALSTER As his name would in- 
dicate, our subject is of German descent. 
although born in the United States. His 
birthplace was Tuscarawas County. Ohio, 
and his natal day was April 4. 1843. He i- now a 
resident on section 27. and also own- land on see- 
tions 'I'l anil 28, Rural Town-hip. having made a 
settlement in Shelby County in the fall of 1864. 
His parent- were the Rev. MathiaS and lio.-anna 
(Haller) Galster, who were natives of Germany, and 
coming to the United States, were married in Tus- 
carawas County. Ohio, and there resided until 1853, 
when they removed to Huntington County. Ind.. 
whence in 1864, they came to Illinois and settled 
in Rural Township. 

Mathias Galster, the father of the original of 
our -ketch was a minister of the Evangelical 
Church for some forty year-, lie was a zealous 
worker, and had a special tact and talent in organ- 
ization, having organized four churches in Illinois. 



located respectively at Pana, Taylorsville, Oconee 
and Rural Township; also several in Ohio and in 
Indiana. He was bora November 2. lull, in the 
the Kingdom of Wurtemburg, Germany, and came 
to America with his parents when eighteen years 
of age. lie was converted at the age of twenty- 
two years, and felt that his mission in life was to 
preach the Gospel to the edification and sanctifiea- 
tion of his hearers. The first services that he con- 
ducted were held in private houses. In Ohio, he 
founded eight new churches, and at Huntington. 
Ind., four churches. 

On coming into Rural Township, our subject's 
father purchased a half section of land, and here 
resided until his death, which occurred March 25, 
1KK7. His wife had preceded him by several years, 
having died March W. 1880. He of whom we write, 
is one of five children, all of whom are grown up. 
Their names are Mathias, Jacob, our subject; Will- 
iam F., Christina and Mary. Mathais fought as a 
soldier in the Forty-seventh Indiana, and died 
while in service; Christina is now .Mrs. August 
Rosthner; .Mary married William Stanger, and died 
in 188;">. Our subject's maternal grandfather emi- 
grated at an early day from his native land and 
died in Shelby County. 

< )ur subject came to Shelby County with his fam- 
ily, and May 6, 1869, was united in marriage to 
Elizabeth K. Mautz, a daughter of George G. 
Mautz, for a history of whom see sketch of Philip 
A. Mautz in another part of this volume. After 
marriage our subject settled witli his wife on the 
place where he now resides. He owns and operates 
one hundred and forty-two acres of land, which is 
in first class condition, bearing excellent improve- 

Mr. and Airs. Galster have had nine children, 
eight of whom are living. They are Rosene M., 
George M., Barbara, Rebecca. Elizabeth, Jacob R. 
F., Anna C. W., John William and Samuel K. C. 
The children are all vigorous and intelligent young 
people, who promise to be the pride and comfort 
of their parents in their declining years. Politi- 
•allv our subject is a Democrat. He has held the 
office of Town Collector for five years, and the con- 
fidence that his townsmen have in his judgment 
and ability, is evinced by the fact that he has been 

elected to the position of School Director for sev- 
eral years. Mr. Galster was, some years ago, the 
victim of an accident which has made him a crip- 
ple for life. While riding he was thrown from his 
horse, and his foot being so firmly fixed in the stir- to prevent his shaking it loose, he was dragged 
for some distance and broke his leg in two places. 
He with his wife and family are members of the 
Evangelical ( Ihureh. 

JLLIAM PATTERSON, a general farmer 
ind stock-raiser living near the city of 
tyyj Sullivan, Moultrie County, which place 
has grown from an unbroken prairie to its present 
populous condition since he came here in the spring 
of 1H.'5(>, is one of the old timers of the county, and 
was a merchant for several years in Sullivan, lie 
came here prior to the winter which is so famous 
in the annals of the county as being marked by the 
"sudden change"" in temperature, when ice froze 
several inches thick in fifteen minutes according to 
the traditions of the old inhabitants. 

Mr. Patterson took his farm when it was mostly 
unbroken prairie, and has achieved success, although 
at one time he lost a modest fortune. He still owns 
an excellent farm of more than one hundred acres 
which is well improved, but most of his property is 
within the city limits. While he was engaged in 
the mercantile business he was unfortunate and met 
with heavy losses, but has recovered from them. 
He was here lief ore the county was changed from 
Shelby to Moultrie, and in the early days wild game 
was abundant, and he says that lie has seen as many 
as forty deer together at one time. 

Mr. Patterson is a native of this State, being born 
in Union County, August (!. 1*17. His father, 
Levi Patterson, was a native of Kentucky, and his 
grandfather, James Patterson, was a Virginian by 
birth, and prominent in the War of LSI 2. lighting 
with Jackson at the battle of New Orleans, and be- 
ing one of the regiments that met, defeated and 
slew Gen. Packingham. He is now interred in the 
soil of Sullivan County, having spent his last years 



in this region and dying in old age. 1 1 is religious 
belief had led him to conned himself with the 
Baptist Church, and his political opinions allied 
him with the Democratic party. 

Levi Patterson was reared in Kentucky, and 
there married Jane Penrod, a Tcnnesseean by birth 
and education, and the young couple soon emi- 
grated to Illinois, settling at an early day in Union 
County, where all their children were born. In 
1836 the whole household removed to what is now 
Moultrie County, traveling a distance of just two 
hundred miles, which trip, at that time traveling 
with team and covered wagon, occupied one month. 
Levi Patterson entered a large tract of Govern- 
ment land which was at that time known as the 
"Lost Land." the Government's first survey hav- 
ing been lost. Here he lived and died, passing 
away at the age of fifty-five years, an earnest mem- 
ber of the Christian Church in his religious belief, 
ami a stanch Democrat in politics. He was twice 
married and both wives brought to him children. 
and died in this county. 

Our subject is the second child by his father's 
first marriage, and he has all the experience of a 
pioneer, and loves to tell the story of the log 
schoolhouse with its stick cuimney, puncheon floor 
and rough seats. After reaching his majority, he 
returned to Union County to claim his bride in the 
person of Miss Margaret Carriker. a native of that 
county where her parents had settled al an early 
date, coming there from North Carolina. They 
came of Dutch stock, and belonged to old and 
highly esteemed North Carolina families and. died 
in l'n ion County full of years. 

For more than half a century .Mr. Patterson and 
his faithful and devoted wife have labored together 
and she is now in rather poor health, while Mr. 
Patter-on is still robust and active. They were 
both members of the Christian Church, and helped 
to organize that body here, being among its char- 
ter members, and Mr. Patterson acting as Deacon 
for years. He had held some local offices of trust 
and responsibility, and has always adhered to the 
principles of the Democratic party, and at present 
the Farmers' Mutual Kenetit Association claims his 

A truly patriarchal family, is that of Mr. and 

Mrs. Patterson, six children having passed to the 
Other shore, and eight being still upon this side. 
They are as follows: Daniel, who took to wife 
Ellen Hoke, and now farms in Sullivan Township; 
William .1.. wlio is in the same line of work, and 
married Rebecca Lynder; Bushrod, who married 
Miss Kate Blackwell, who has died, and who now 
makes his home with his father while managing a 
farm in this township; George, who took to wife 
Miss Lyda Glabrook, and now lives on a farm in 
Whitley Township, this county; Belle, who lives at 
home; Maggie, who is the wife of Stephen Under- 
wood, and lives on a farm in this township; and 
Sarah, is the wife of Richard Palmer, and lives in 
Nelson Township; and Sue A., wife of John Hani, 
and lives in Washington state. 


NTHONY GILLESPIE. A country with- 
out a nation, a people without a flag, it is 
not surprising that so many of the warm- 
hearted, sunny tempered, Celtic race should 
rally under the stars and stripes, and ally them- 
selves to the American people as loyal and true- 
hearted citizens of the land in which they are 
granted, not only freedom, but opportunity for ex- 
ercising their native keenness and of rising to the 
positions in both civil and political life for which 
they are so eminently lifted. Our subject, who is 
a native of the Emerald Isle, and was early at- 
tracted to the United States by the superior advan- 
tages that it offered to industry and energy. He 
was born in County Mayo. Ireland. March 2."). 

Our subject grew to manhood in his native 
county and emigrated to the United states. His 
landing in New York was made May 1.3. ltC>7. 
and there he remained until the following spring, 
when he came to this county and was engaged at 
farm labor by the month for a period of four or 
five years. He then rented land in Rose Town- 
ship, which he was engaged in cultivating- thor- 
oughly for some six years, after which he purchased 
a farm in Tower Hill Township, where he has since 
been a resident. The place of which he is the 



happy possessor, comprises two hundred and forty 

acres of good land upon which our subject has 
placed valuable and numerous improvements. He 
has erected good buildings on his farm, and has a 
very comfortable and attractive residence. 

He of whom we write, was married in Shelby - 
ville, this State, April 7. 1861 , to Miss Anna Feeny, 
who is a countrywoman of his own. having been 
born in County Mayo. Ireland. Their life to- 
gether has been very happy, as each endeavors to 
suit the other. Three children have grown up 
around them. They are John, William and Mary 
Ann. In his political preferences our subject affili- 
ates with the Democratic party, and under this 
party he has been awarded several township offices, 
having held the important position of Highway 
Commissioner and School Trustee. Religiously he 
with his wife and family are adherents of the 
Catholic Church, and are among the most devoted 
and loyal members of that religious body. Our 
subject has always been engaged in farming and 
agricultural pursuits, and is well up in the progress 
and science of his calling. 

The father of our subject was Patrick Gillespie. 
His mother was Ann Clark Gillespie. They were 
both natives of the county in which our subject 
was born and there they departed this life. They 
were the parents of six children;, and of these An- 
thony was the voiumest . 

V *=s 



\f? YMAN A. GOULD, who is one of the firm 
I (©) of Gould Brothers, dealers in grain and also 
HL -"^, Vice-President of the Commercial State 
Hank of Windsor, Shelby County, is one of the 
representative men of the place, having first class 
business ability, and known as a practical, far-see- 
ing manager whose judgment of commercial affairs 
may be depended upon. His firm is recognized 
throughout the county as one in whom implicit 
confidence may be placed, and it may lie said of 
him of whom we write, that he has cultivated "high 
erected thoughts, seated in a heart of courtesy." 
Lyman Gould is a son of David Gould, who was 

born in Drummondsville, Canada West in 1802. 
His mother was Sarah (Symonds) Gould, a native 
of Windsor, Conn. David Gould was a farmer In- 
occupation, lie had removed from his native place 
to Niagara County. X. Y., with his parents when 
about two years old. and there he spent his life, his 
decease taking place in the county in which he had 
lived for so many years, in 1880. The mother still 
survives (1891) at the age of eighty-one. Nine 
children entered the home circle, and of these our 
subject was the fifth in order of birth. He was 
born in Cambria, Niagara County, X. Y.. August 
30, 1841. Reared on his father's farm, he remained 
under the home roof until the spring of 1870. 

He early enjoyed the advantages of a good com- 
mon-school education in the State that prides her- 
self on the thoroughness of her district school sys- 
tem. He was thus fitted for practical commercial 
life, his native shrewdness and wit helping him out 
in emergencies. In the spring of 1870 he came to 
Decatur, this State, and was in the employ of the 
Wabash Railroad Company for about eight months. 
In the fall of that year, however, he came to Wind- 
sor, and was with his brother, of whom a sketch 
may be found in another part of this volume, and 
was engaged in buying grain for the firm of E. it 
I. Jennings. lie was thus engaged for one yew, 
and in the following spring, 1K72, in company 
with his brother. George F. Gould, he built the ele- 
vator at Windsor, and since that time, they have 
been large dealers in the cereals. In 1883, they 
dissolved partnership, George F. disposing of his 
interest to another brother, F. I). Gould, and since 
that time the firm has been known as Gould Broth- 
ers. They enjoy the distinction of being the chief 
grain buyers in Windsor, and indeed, there are not 
many who deal so extensively in this article of 
commerce south of Chicago. 

He of whom we write is the possessor of a fine 
farm of one hundred and sixty acres, located in 
Richland Township. This he rents. He has been 
Vice-President of the Commercial State Bank since 
the autumn of 1890. Mr. Gould's domestic life is 
all that could be desired. His wife is a Cleveland. 
Ohio. lady. They were there married October 15, 
1H73. The lady's name in her maiden days was 
Miss Clara A. Ford. They are the parents of four 





children, whose names are as follows: Horatio 
Clark, Kate C. Mary A. and Lyman A.. Jr. Mr. 
Gould has been a member of the City Council for 
several years and also School Director, in which 
position he has done efficient work. In his j >« >1 i t i- 
cal preference he is a staunch Democrat. TheFree 
Tariff plank in that platform is such as appeals 
most directly to his business interests. Both Mr. 
and Mrs. Gould are deeply interested in religious 
work, our subject having been a member of the 
church since 1866. First a Congregationalist, 
since coming t<> tlii.- State he has been connected 
with the Methodist Episcopal Church. His wife 
lias been a member of the Congregational (lunch 
from girlhood. 


[< HAEI, v < HNEIDER, the honored foun- 
der of the city of Moweaqua, Shelb) 
County, who i> now living in retirement 
in this beautiful locality, is one of theearly 
pioneers of Central Illinois, and his name is indis- 
solubly linked with its rise and growth. Hi- pro- 
gressive public spirit and generous benefactions, 
bestowed with rare judgment and critical discern- 
ment as to the future needs of the community and 
the l>est way to promote it- highest interest, have 
been instrumental in pushing forward various en- 
terprises that have Ween of greatbenefit to thi- sec- 
tion of the Mate. 

On the banks of the beautiful river Rhine, in 
Germany, our subject was horn in September, 1818. 
His father, who bore the same name as himself, was 
born in the same Rhenish province, and was there 
reared on a farm. He married Mary Bauer, who 
was a native of that part of Germany, and died 
therein 1820. In 1824, the father of our subject 
resolved to emigrate to America, where he hoped 
to better his condition. He came to this country 
accompanied by five of his seven ehildren.and first 
settled at Bethlehem, Pa. In 1827 he removed to 
Ohio, and for a time resided near C incinnati. He 
subsequently identified himself with the pioneers 
of Brown Countv. in the same State, and on the 

farm that he lK>Ught there passed the remainder of 
hi- life. 

Michael Schneider, of whom these line- are writ- 
ten, was a lad of eleven years when his father came 
to tlii- country, and he and a sister were at that 
time left in charge of an uncle, but two years later 
the father -cut for them, and they set sail from 
Hamburg in May. 1826, landing at New York eighty 
days later. Our subject went to Ohio with his 
father, and for a time lived with him near Cincin- 
nati, which was then only a l;- 1-sizcd village. 

He was a strong, self-reliant, manly hoy. and at 
once commenced to earn hi- own living, finding 
employment with Andrew Heredes, with whom he 
remained some years, and in 1833 he came with 
him to Illinois, making the journey hither over 
those great highways of pioneer travel, the Ohio 
and Mississippi River-. He located with his em- 
ployer on Lick Creek, in Sangamon County, and 
there Mr. Heredes erected one of the first -team 
grist mills ever operated in the Slate. 

In 1835 Mr. Schneider borrowed $50 of Esq. 
Campbell, and entered forty acre- of Government 
land in what is now Christian County, his purchase 
adjoining the present site of Moweaqua. He bought 
the claim of Mrs. Denton, and five acres of it were 
cleared, and a log house stood on the place. There 
were no railways here for many years after he set- 
tled on his land in 1837, and he had to draw all 
hi- main to St. Louis with ox-teams, where lie sold 
it for thirty-seven and a half cent- a bushel, and 
his hogs only brought him $1.25 to $1.50 a hun- 
dred pounds. Deer were plentiful, and with prairie 
chicken- and wild turkeys, formed a welcome addi- 
tion to the fare of the pioneers. 

Mr. Schneider worked early and late in the up- 
building of hi- new home, being greatly assisted by 
the active co-operation of his wif e, and he prospered 
exceedingly in his effort- to secure a competency. 
He invested his money judiciously, continually 
entering and buying other land near hi- original 
purchase until he had two thousand acres, all told, 
of land of surpassing fertility. This included the 
land upon which the thriving city of Moweaqua 
now stands. Attracted by the unrivalled beauty 
of the -pot. ami the natural advantages for the site 
of ,-i town, our subject determined to plat the land. 



.-mil afterward carried out his plans, which have 
given to this county one of its brightest ornaments, 
one of "the prettiest villages of the State." toquote 
from an enthusiastic admirer, and here center many 
lovely homo and happy firesides in dwellings of 
a modern and attractive style of architecture. Its 
people are cultured, thrifty, prosperous and enter- 
prising; its church privileges and educational ad- 
vantages are exceptional: its varied industries and 
business enterprises are ably conducted undersound 
financial methods. One attraction of the city. 
though it may be a negative one. is eminently 
worthy of mention, and that is the fact that there 
have been no saloons for the sale of liquor here for 
years, which speaks well for the temperance and so- 
briety of the citizens. 

In 1882 Mr. Schneider removed from Mowea- 
qua, and has since lived retired from active busi- 
ness. He has always taken a deep interest in all 
that concerns this city, which owes its origin to him. 
and no man has done more to established it on a 
solid basis of enduring prosperity than he. or has 
been more influential in raising its moral and relig- 
ious status. All schemes to add to its beauty have 
met with his hearty approval, and his generous gift 
of land for a public park in 1882 has greatly in- 
creased the attractiveness of the place. He encour- 
aged the building of the railway through here by 
a liberal donation of land and lots, and to Mr.* 
Eastman he gave land on condition that he would 
built a mill within the corporation limits of the 

The blessings of a happy married life have been 
vouchsafed to our subject, as by his marriage in 
October, 1833, with Miss Margaret Kantz he secured 
a true and loving wife, and they have lived 
in peace and harmony for nearly fifty-seven 
years. They have reared these seven children to 
honorable and useful lives. — Michael. Christopher. 
Margaret. William. Valentine, Adam and Caroline. 
Mis. Schneider was bom in Baden, Germany, March 
21. 1811. and is a daughter of Christopher and Car- 
oline (Lichtenberger) Kantz. who were also natives 
of Baden. Her father spent his entire life there. 
while her mother came to America in the latter 
part of her life and died in Iirown County. Ohio. 

Mr. and Mrs. Schneider are people of earnest re- 

ligious convictions, who lead exemplary Christian 
lives. Their parents were members of the Lutheran 
Church, and they were reared in that faith, but 
early in their married life they united with the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, and for more than 
half a century have been consistent and devoted in 
their membership with that church, and have borne 
a prominent part in its upbuilding in this section 
of the country. In their early life here when they 
lived in a log cabin, their humble abode was always 
open to preachers of all denominations, and meet- 
ings were frequently held within its walls. They 
contributed liberally of their means towards the 
erection of the present house of worship of the 
Methodists, and are generous in their support of 
the Gospel. On another page of this volume the 
lithographic portraits of Mr. and .Mrs. Schneider 
are presented, and it is a pleasure to thus perpet- 
uate the lineaments of this worthy couple. 

ENRY KIC1IMAX. The enterprising little 

village of Fancher counts among its inhab- 
itants some first-class business men. and 
y^y, among them we are gratified to note the 
Postmaster and merchant whose name appears in 
connection with this sketch, and who is one of 
the really enterprising men of Shelby County. His 
birth took place in Butler County. Ohio. October 
24. 1843. His parents were Samuel and Susan 
(Hill) Richmond. The father was born in New 
Jersey; and went to Ohio when he was sixteen 
years old. going on foot all the way from his na- 
tive State to Butler County, Ohio. In that latter 
named county his mother was born, although she 
was of Southern parentage, her parents being na- 
tives of Baltimore, Md. 

The parents of our subject had eight children 
gathered about their fireside and our subject was 
next to the youngest of this number. After the 
death of the mother the father again married and 
had two children by his second union. It was in 
1858 that Henry came to Illinois witli his father, 
and located in Shelly County, where the latter 
died some five years ago. Farming occupied the 



young man for aboul seven years after attaining 
his majority, but later lie engaged in the meal busi- 
ness, owning and operating a meat market al Wind- 
sor for five or six years. 

Aboul this time Mr. Rich man moved on to a 
farm near Stewardson, in Prairie Township, and 
remained thereabout five years and in 1**7 be 
made his final removal to Fancher and entered the 
mercantile business with William Hilsabeck. This 
partnership continued for aboul one year when our 
subject withdrew from the connection and opened 
a store in an adjoining building. Mr. Hilsabeck 
operated his store for about a year after which bis 
stock was sold out and he removed from the place. 

leaving Mr. Richman in possession of tin ly 

store in that line of goods in the place. 

This enterprising merchant carried a full line of 
general merchandise, consisting of dry-goods, groce- 
ries, provisions, clothing, hoots and shoes, hats and 
caps, hardware, tinware, patent medicines, notions 
and millinery. He has a handsome storeroom and 
it is well stocked with a well selected line of goods 
and he is doing a very satisfactory business. When 
he began his capital did not exceed $400 and his 
stock is now worth at least $5,000. 

The first marriage of Mr. Richman was his union 
with Miss Ella Fitzgerald, whodied two years after 
marriage. She had one child which died in infancy. 
His second wife was. before her marriage to him, a 
widow. Mrs. Lizzie White, whose maiden name was 
Hilsabeck. She was born in this county, and lias 
one daughter by her marriage with Mr. Richman. 
Gertie, now eleven years old. Mr. Richman is the 
Postmaster at Fancher and has held this position 
through most of the present administration. 

The military record of our subject is of interest 
to every One who loves his country, as he was a 
soldier dining the Civil War, belonging to Com- 
pany II. Fifty-fourth Illinois Infantry. This regi- 
ment was assigned to the Department of the South- 
west under Gen. Banks. He participated in all the 
labors required of the Fifty-fourth, although his 
company escaped at the time the rest of the regi- 
ment were taken prisoners at Ashley Station. Ark. 

The Republican party is the political organi- 
zation with which Mr. Richman affiliates and he 
takes a lively interest in political affairs, being 

public spirited and enterprising. lie is a thorough 
business man. having theconfidence ami esteem of 
all with whom he is associated either in business or 
in social life. His efficient and interesting com- 
panion is an earnest worker in the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church. 



R. PATTERSON, of the firm of Meeker & 

Patterson, attorneys-at-law and real estate 
and insurance agents of Sullivan, was born 
in Moultrie County, December is. 1849. 
The family has been prominently connected with 
this county lor many years. The grandfather of 
our subject. Levi Patterson, was born in Shelby 
( dunty. Tenn.. of American parentage and was one 
of a large family which was well represented in 
theWarof 1812. One of the brothers was wounded 
while lighting under Jackson at the battle of New 
Orleans. Levi Patterson was a young man when 
lie removed to Illinois, locating in Union County, 
where he grew to manhood on a farm. He married 
Mrs. .lane Pen rod. ner Beggs, a native of Tennes- 
see, who had lost her first husband in this State. 
After his marriage Levi Patterson settled on a 
new farm in Union County which he cultivated 
and improved and which is yet known as the old 
Patterson homestead. In 1836 he came with his 
family to Moultrie County, locating in Sullivan 
Township where he entered Government land and 
upon the farm which he there developed made his 
home until his death on the 10th of June, 1849. 
His first wife died soon after they came to this 
county and he married a lady of Irish birth. Miss 
Anna Patterson. After his death she became the 
wife of a Mr. Simmons and was called to her final 
rest in 1875 at the age of fifty years. Levi Patter- 
son was a Methodist in early life but later joined 
the Christian Church and was one of its original 
founders in this county. Honest and upright, he 
had the resped and confidence of all who knew 
him and we'd deserves mention among the pioneers 
of this locality. 

Jonathan Patterson or "Donty" Patterson. as he 
was commonly known, was the father of our sub- 



ject. When a youth of fourteen years he accom- 
panied his parents to Moultrie County, and in 
Sullivan Township spent his boyhood days. His 
school privileges were limited and he bore ih«' 
usual experiences of pioneer life. Having attained 
to mature years he determined to make a home for 
himself and on horseback returned to Union 
County. 111., where he married Pearlina Carriker. 
With his bride he returned, traveling a distance of 
two hundred miles on horseback and in tine fron- 
tier style they began their domestic life but by 
energy, perseverance and good business ability he 
became one of the wealthiest men in the county. 

Public spirited and progressive, Mr. Patterson 
was a valued citizen and did much the best inter- 
ests of the community, lie built one of the finest 
homes in the county, erected a large mill in Sulli- 
van, sunk a coal shaft at that place and afterward 
became a director in a proposed railroad which, 
however, was never built. He alsoaided in sinking 
an artesian well on the square and in those two 
enterprises lost $20,000. Any industry calculated 
to benefit the community received his support, 
lie loved to aid in every good work of improve- 
ment and did what he could toward the promotion 
of every reform. The cause of temperance found 
in him a warm friend and his labors to suppress 
the saloons were untiring. lie canvassed Central 
Illinois, making speeches in favor of prohibition 
and cast his last vote for the Prohibition party. 
He had previously voted with the Democracy. 
Some years be f 'ore his death he became an invalid 
but as far as possible hecontinued his works for the 
best interests of the community. For some years 
he was Deacon in the Christian Church and died 
in that faith September l.'i. 1878. 

As before stated Mr. Patterson wedded Miss 
Carriker. who was born in Union County, 111., Jan- 
uary 12. 1824. and there resided until her marriage. 
She still lives on a farm near Sullivan and is well 
preserved for a lady of her years. She. too. is a 
member of the Christian Church and has many 
warm friends in this locality. D. R. Patterson was 
educated in the public schools and for some years 
engaged in farming. On the 1st of January, 1880, 
he began reading Blackstone in .Indue Meeker's 
office, where he is now a partner, and after a year 

was elected Police Magistrate, which office he yet 
fills. Ill the meantime he practiced law in a small 
way until November, 1890, when he was admitted 
lo the liar, since which time he lias devoted his en- 
tire energies to the profession. The firm was es- 
tablished in January, L891, and ranks high at the 
county bar. Combined with the experience of the 
older member is the energy and activity of the 
younger one which insures their success. 

Mr. Patterson wedded Miss Ruth Leatherinan. 
who was born in Lawrence County, Ind.. in 1843. 
and when seven years old was brought by her fa- 
ther. Peter Leatherinan. to Douglas County. III. 
Her mother had died in Indiana. After following 
farming for a number of years her father removed 
to Kansas in February, 1878. and a year later was 
called to his finalrest. Mrs. Patterson became a suc- 
cessful teacher,having passed three years as a teacher 
in Sullivan Academy, and at one time numbered 
among her pupils the gentleman to whom she has 
since given her hand in marriage. Their children 
are: Oscar L..who was graduated from the Sullivan 

scl Is at the age of sixteen years; Harvey and 

Ernest at home, and Nathan I)., now deceased. Mr. 
and Mrs. Patterson and their children are members 
of the Christian Church and the family are promi- 
nent in public and social affairs. 

AMES S. WELCH. M.. 1).. deceased. Sulli- 
van. Moultrie County, is proud to name 
those in her foremost rank who have fallen 
in the conflict of life, but who have fallen 
honorably and whose past record makes them be- 
loved and respected by those who knew them and 
whose example is worthy of emulation by the ris- 
ing generation. Among such names we present 
Dr. James S. Welch who died at his home in Sulli- 
van. September 1. 1884. He had lived in the 
county for a good many years and was formerly a 
resident of Shelby ville. where for some time he 
was in the merchantile business. Sangamon County, 
this State, had been his home previous to his com- 
ing to Shelbvvillc. 

Dr. Welch was horn in Sangamon County, III.. 


28 I 

February 3, 1840, and as he had lost his father 
when quite young he had been reared ti> manhood 
by his mother who ha- since died in Sangamon 
County, full of years and in the enjoyment of 
the respecl and affection of all who knew her. Our 
subject was a student at Ann Arbor, Mich., and 
later was graduated from the St Louis Medical 
College. He practiced his profession for a short 
time only and then became a druggist, in which 
line of business he was very successful. 

Our subject was prominent in political and social 
circles, was active in promoting the success of the 
Democratic party and was identified with the order 
of odd Fellows at Sullivan. This order took charge 
of the funeral ceremonies after his death and he 
was buried with the honors of the lodge. His in- 
telliireuee and affability brought him many friends 
and his business ability commanded the respect 
of all. 

Miss Anna Reeder became the wife of Dr. Welch 
in Sullivan. She is a native of Warren County, 
Ohio, and a daughter of George W. and Jane 
(Thompson) Reeder, native- of Ohio who came of 
Eastern parentage, being descended respectively 
front families of Virginia and New Jersey. Mr. 
and Mr-. Reeder were married in Warren County, 
Ohio, and at once went to Wisconsin, becoming 
early settlers near Monroe, Green County, in the 
days when the Indian- were much more numerous 
than white-. They traveled from Ohio by way of 
water, taking the river at Cincinnati, LToinjr down 
the < >hio and up the Mississippi to Galena, 111., and 
thence with teams to Green County, Wis., where 
they lived for nine years, transforming the raw 
prairie into a productive farm which lie- two and 
one-half miles from the present city of Monroe. 
That city wa- at one time located upon their land 
lmt during a county-seat war was removed an an- 
other -ite. On Leaving Wisconsin they returned to 
Warren County, Ohio, and in the spring oi 1865 
they came to Illinois, settling in Coles County neat 
Mattoon, where they lived for two years and then 
came to Shelby ( ounty. Six years later they re- 
moved to Normal. McLean ( ounty. and there Mr. 
Reeder, died in 1 881, being then nearly seventy- 
two year- of age. 

Mr. Reeder was a strong Republican in politics 

and a leader among men. and wa- a successful 
farmer all his life. His wife, who survives him. is 
now seventy-two years of age and make- her home 
with her daughter, Mrs. Welch. She is the mother 
of seventeen children, ten of whom are yet living. 
Four of her sons, Joseph 11.. Allen B., Caleb T. and 
.lame- ( '.. wen soldiers during the War of the Re- 
bellion. The eldest of these fell at the battle of 
Ft. Donelson by a shot from the enemy's guns. 

lie wa- a member of the Eleventh Indiana Zouaves: 


the second -on mentioned died from typhoidfever 
upon a hospital hoat after the battle of Franklin, 
in which he took part: he was a Sergeant in an Ohio 
regiment. The last two named fought through 
the war and escaped unhurt. .lames Ileitis now a 
Kansas farmer, while Caleb F. is a general mer- 
chant at Stewardson, Shelby County. 

Prof. Rudolph Reeder, another son of this emi- 
nent family, i- -nice— fully filling the Chair of 
Training in the Normal School at Normal. 111., 
while another. Prof. George W. Reeder. has been 
Principal of various schools in Kansas and Colo- 
rado; their sister, Mr-. Welch, was carefully reared 
and well educated, completing her course in the 
Normal University at Normal. 111., and was for 
twelve years a teacher, serving both in Mattoon and 
Sullivan, having been only sixteen years old when 
she began teaching, she i- a Methodist in her re- 
ligious belief anil her mother belongs to the Bap- 
tist Church, she i- an earnest temperance worker 
and is active in promoting every movement which 
will lead to the prohibition of the -ale of alcoholic 
drink- in her town and country. 



OlIN LUFFERS. The name at the head of 
this sketch i- that of a practical fanner and 
stock-raiser residing on sections 17 ami 18, 
of Pickaway Township, where he settled in 
1851. since that time he has put a great number 
of tine improvements upon the place so that it is 
now a most comfortable and desirable home. He 
came to Shelby County in 1 846 and since that time 
he ha- lived here and in Flat Branch Township. 
Our subject hegan life here a- a poor man and 



lias since made all that he now possesses, and is at 
the present time looked up to as one of the most 
successful men in the county. He is worth at 

least $20,000 and pays annually fr $80 to $100 

in taxes. His farm, which consists <>t' one hundred 
and forty acres, is in very good condition. He is 
noted throughout the county for his industry and 

Our subject is of German birth and parentage, 
having first seen the light of day in the Kingdom 
of Hanover, Germany, January IS. 1826. His par- 
ents, who are Germans, were poor but worthy peo- 
ple and they lived and died in their native king- 
dom at quite an advanced aire. They were George 
and Ellen Luffers and were small farmers; the father 
adding a carpenter's trade to his stuck in store to 
aid in the support of his family. They were mem- 
bers of the Lutheran Church. Our subject is one 
of four children, there being three sons and one 
daughter, all of whom are now in this country. 
A sister died at an early aye in .Madison County, 
111. Mr. Luffers was the lirst of the family to come 
to the United States, being only eighteen years of 
aire when he left his native land, lie took passage 
on a sailing vessel called the -Little Competitor," 
and after eight weeks and three days spent on the 
ocean lie landed in New Orleans, coming thence to 
St. Louis. This little trip occupied ten days. It 
can now he accomplished in a little over one day. 
The delay was caused by the ice blockade on the 
river, for our subject came northward by boat. 
He then came to Edwardsville. Madison County, 
this State, where hespent his first year. Here he was 
married in the township of Pickaway, in October, 
1859, to Miss Louisa Smith. She was born in 
Madison County in 1828, and was a daughter of 
Thomas and Mary (Tolly 7 ) Smith, natives of Ken- 
tucky, who came to Illinois in an early day and 
settled in Madison County, where both parents 
died while yet in middle life. Mrs. Luffers spent 
the greater part of her life before her marriage in 
hei native county. She has ever been a true help- 
mate to her husband and is no small factor in his 
successful career. 

Our subject and his wife have had no children 
of their own but they have been the loving foster 
parents of several children. These art' Laura Car- 

barn, who is now the wife of M. F. Cutler, a farmer 
in this township; Kate ( toodwin and Thomas ( tood- 
win. the latter of whom is deceased. Kate married 
Ilerm Methias and they live on a farm in Flat 
Branch Township. 

Our subject came to his present location from 
Madison County. 111., where he had arrived in 
1845, spending about twelve months in that place 
doing what he could in the way of earning money 
for self support. His wages were but $7 or $8 
per month at that time. Soon after marriage, 
however, he obtained the nucleus of his present 
farm, and since that time has been steadily ad- 
vancing in his financial position. Politically 
Mr. Luffers affiliates with the Democratic party. 
He has held the position of Commissioner of High- 
ways and satisfactorily discharged its duties. He 
and his wife are charming people, having attained 
the mellow aye at which life is no longer a" strife 
but a waiting period for the better thing that is to 
come after. They are both attendants upon the 
Baptist Church and are liberal supporters of the 

Y ■ ' i ' H "■! ' 

AMES BARTON. Shelby County has an 
excellent reputation throughout the State 
for good farms and excellent stock, and 
those who are carrying on the industries 
connected with farming and stock-raising, have in 
almost every case achieved a creditable and satis- 
factory success. Among the independent farmers 
in Dry Point Township, we find on section 15, the 
home of .lames Barton, a native of the county, 
born June 7. 1853. in Okaw Township. 

David and Mary (Craig) Barton, the parents of 
our subject, were natives of Bedford. Ya.. the fa- 
ther being born in L818 and the mother in 1813. 
The former passed away from life on the farm 
where our subject now resides in 1886, and the 
mother makes her home with her son James. Their 
family consists of four stalwart sons and three beau- 
tiful daughters. William, the eldest, married Mary 
.1. Dihel and resides on an adjoining farm; Rhoda 
has been twice married, as after the death of her 



lirst husband, John T.Jones, she married < . R. 
Barton, and resides in this township; Elizabeth 
died in W65 al the age of nineteen years, and 
Charles passed away al the same age in lstiT: 
David married for his first wife Mary A. Reynolds, 
who died in 1882, and his second marriage was 
with Mary L. Flanders, and he now resides in this 
township; the next child in order of age is our 
subject, and the youngest i- Mary K. who married 
Y. L. Dihel and died in this township in 1881. 

Our subject received his education in the com- 
mon schools of the country districts and in the 
graded schools at Shelbyville. He early undertook 
the profession of a teacher, which work he began 
in ISTil and continued for twelve years. In 1890 
he »ave up his place at the teacher's desk and de- 
voted himself entirely to agricultural pursuits. 

The happy union by marriage of .lame- Barton 
and Mary V. Finks, occurred May 2,1878. This 
lady i- a native of this township, of Southern 
parentage and was here brought up to young 
womanhood. She was born October 12, 1859, and 
i- a daughter of C. L. and Alpha Finks, natives of 
Virginia, who became residents of Shelby County, 
this State, in the early days of the history of its 

Mis. Barton is the second child in a family of six, 
her brothers and sisters being James II. . who died 
in this township in 1890; C. W. who married and 
resided on a farm here: J. M., who married, but 
died in 1890 of typhoid fever: Silas W. who is 
married and living in the same township, and 
Annie, wife of ILL. Austin who also resides in 
Dry Point Township. 

Mr. Barton was elected Supervisor of Dry Point 
Township in 1888 and has twice succeeded himself 
in that honorable position, being now on his fourth 
year in that office, which he has tilled to the satis- 
faction of his constituents. For two years he served 
as Township Tax Collector and is now serving his 
eleventh successive year in performing the duties 
of School Trustee of the town-hip. His beautiful 
"arm of one hundred and sixty acres is in a tine 
state of cultivation and it- chief product i- hay. 

Tin- household of our subject has been blessed 
In the birth of two daughters and time -on-: Liz- 
zie, born March 9, 1879, John D.. March ■>■>. 1882; 

Thaddeu- \V.. February 15, 1884; Allie Ella, Feb- 
ruary it!. 1886, and Chester Roswe 11, February 5, 

1888. These affectionate and judicious parents 

have the great happiness of -till keeping all their 
little ones about them and seeing them preserved 
in life and health. They are both earnest and con- 
scientious members of the Separate Baptist Church. 
The subject of this life sketch has been a life- 
long Republican and is pleased to boast that he has 
never cast any other ballot than that which is en- 
dorsed by the Republican party. He is well-known 
as one of the most public-spirited and enterprising 
citizens of the township and takes an active part 
not only in political affairs, hut also in all move- 
ments which arc intended to promote the social 
and financial prosperity of the community. His 
brother William fought in the Union army during 
the Civil War. Mr. Barton has been a member of 
the Masonic order hut at present is not affiliated. 
Both he and his estimable wife arc very active ill 
church and Sunday-school work, taking great in- 
terest in the advancement of the cause of relig- 
ion through that worthy ally of the church, the 
Sunday-school. One peculiar feature of the liar- 
ton family is that every male member of the 
famih for two generations has married a woman 
whose first name was Mary, and even those who 
have twice married have observed this rule. 

T. BAIL. Among the most active and use- 
ful citizens of Sullivan are a class of men 
who now are able to employ their energies 
more directly in the line of public improvements 
than they could in the days when they were more 
heavily burdened with work. These are the retired 
farmers who having gained wealth and insured 
their last days in comfort and competence, haye 
withdrawn from active work and given themselves 
and their faithful companions the luxury of rest 
and ease in their declining days. 

Mr. Hail, whose name appears at the head of this 
-ketch left hi- farm in East Nelson Township in 
1890. To thai tract of land he had come in 1852 

23 I 


and there he grew to manhood, married and began 
farming. lit- now owns three hundred and sixty 
acres of as fine land as is to be found in Moultrie 

County and it is all under cultivation. lie placed 
upon it a tine set of farm buildings and has made 
it his Inline from that day until he retired from 

Our subject was horn in Pike County, Ohio, No- 
vember 19, 1842, his father being .Joseph Rail, a 
native of Virginia, and son of a Welshman who 
died in the Old Dominion. Joseph was still quite 
a young man when he came to Ohio and was mar- 
ried in Pike County to .Miss Elizabeth Divens, a 
native of Pennsylvania of Dutch Stock. She had 
come when a child with her parents to Ohio and 
there grew to womanhood. In 1«.")2 the Rail fam- 
ily came to Illinois traveling by team and wagon 
and camping out on the road. They were some 
four weeks on the way. and reaching Easl Nelson 
Township took up a farm there. It was on this 
farm they made their home and there Joseph Rail 
died in November, 1864, having reached the age 
of seventy-one .years. lie was a Republican in his 
political views and .Methodist Kpiscopal in his 
church connections. His bereaved widow who is 
now eighty-eight years old. is yet as efficient as 
many ladies at sixty and makes her home with her 
son. our subject. She is a great reader, very intel- 
ligent and active and an earnest and conscientious 
Christian, being still counted as one of the pillars 
in the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

E. T. Rail is one of his mother's thirteen chil- 
dren who lived to be grown, and eight are yet living. 
All througb his early and mature years he devoted 
himself untiringly and persistently to his labors as 
a fanner, lie was married to Miss Elizabeth Wiley, 
who was horn near Leroy. McLean County. 111.. 
July 12. 1JS4S. She is a daughter of Thomas and 
Margaret (Brean) Wiley who were horn of Pro- 
le-taut stock in the North of Ireland. They were 
married in their native island and came soon after- 
ward to the United States, settling in Vermilion 
County, 111., before coming to McLean County and 
afterward, in 1849, to Moultrie County. There 
they took and improved a new farm and there 
lived and died. Mr. Wiley passed away at the age 
of seventy years and his wife was taken from him 

when she was only forty years old. They were 
Protestants in their religion as are all of thai sturdy 
class who come from the North of Ireland. 

The children who have come to Mr. and Mrs. 
Rail are Albert S.. who died when a little child: 
Anthony 1... who is soon to he admitted to the bar 
and who was educated in the law school at Valpar- 
aiso, Ind. and at DePauw University, Greencastle. 
Ind. He is a hard student and is fitting himself 
liberally for success in his profession. The next is 
Florence, who is the wife of .1. D. Goddard, a 
farmer in Past Nelson Township, and Lulu L.. who 
is at home. Both Mr. Bail and his son are earnest 
and ardent Republicans in their political views and 
it is their aim to stand by the party which stood 
by the administration during the Civil War. 


ILLIAM M. KITTRICK. The name at the 
head of this sketch is that of one who was 

\ A / 

y V a compatriot with the poet Moore, and 
even yet his heart rebounds at the words of the 
old soul;'. 

"The harp that once thro' Tara's hall 

The soul of music shed 
Now hangs as mute on Tara's wall 

As if that soul were tied — 
So sleeps the pride of former days. 

So glory's thrill is o'er. 
And hearts, that once heat high for praise. 

Now feel that pulse no more." 

However successful a native of that unhappy land 
may Ik- in his adopted country he cannot hut he 
saddened at the thought that Ireland is no more 
what it was in the days of the Kings. 

Our subject is in the meridian of life and the 
hot of hi> successes are before him. He is of Irish 
parentage as well as birth, his father having been 
William McKittrick, who was a native of the Em- 
erald Isle, and his mother. Margaret (Quarrel) Mc- 
Kittrick, also of Ireland. They emigrated to the 
United States in 1858, and the father died after 
locating in Moultrie County, this State. The 
mother passed away in this county. They were 
Hie parents of thirteen children of whom our sub- 
ject was one of the youngest: he was born in Ire- 



land September 29, 1 849, and was about nine years 
of age when, with hi- parents, he came to America. 
They at once located in Madison County, this State, 
where our subject lived for seven years and then 
they removed to Shelby County where he has ever 
since been a resident. Hi' has always been engaged 
in farming, and has followed this pursuit with a 
reasonable degree of success. 

Thi' marriage of the original of our sketch t<><ik 
place in thi.- county, March 22. 1*77. The lady 
tn win mi he was united was in her maiden days 
Laura A. Patton, a daugher of James 11. ami Lydia 
(Friezner) Patton, the former a native of Virginia 
and the latter of Ohio. The father's death occurred 
in this county and he left to his bereaved wife ten 
children, of whom Mrs. McKittrick was the third: 
she was born in Fairfield County, Ohio, April 15, 
1853. Our subject and wife are the parents of -ix 
living children, whose names are as follows: Lydia 
A., William C, James F., Milo E., Margaret E. and 
and Mark N. The deceased children were taken 
away in infancy. 

A short period of our subject's early married life 
was spent in Cold Spring Township, after which 
they settled on section 26, of Tower Hill Township, 
where they owned two hundred acres of good, 
arable land. Mr. McKittrick is in his political 
tastes and favors a follower of the Republican 
party. He has been a School Director for some 
time. Neither our subject nor his wife are united 
by membership to any church, being liberal in their 
religious belief, still they do their part toward 
the support of the Gospel and exert and wield a 
good influence in the community. 


native of Shelby County, this state, born 
A near the town of Woodburn, Macoupin 
County, comes of the old pioneer stock of 
Illinois, and is a daughter of David B. Wood, a 
prominent and well-known citizen of her native 
county, she is the widow of Thomas Goodwin, 
a former prosperous farmer of Penn Township, and 
she still occupies the old farm mi sections 31 and 

:>2. where -he helped her husband make a comfort- 
able home in which the most i if their married life 
wa- pa— ed. 

Mrs. Goodwin's father was bora in Kentucky. 
of which State hi- father, .lames Wood, was also a 

native and a pioneer. Tin- grandfather of our 
subject came from Kentucky to Illinois and was 
one of the Hist settlers near the present site of 
Bunker Hill. Macoupin County. At that time the 
surrounding country contained lmt few white in- 
habitants, and deei'. wild turkeys and other game 
were still plentiful. There were no railways and 
for several years Alton and St. Louis were the 
nearest markets for the pioneers. Grandfather 
Wood improved a good farm upon which he resided 
until his demise. 

Mrs. Goodwin's father was young when his 
parents left his early Kentucky home to seek an- 
other in the untried wilderness of Illinois. He 
wa- reared to agricultural pursuits, and the old 
farm south of Woodburn that his father developed 
from a state of nature is now in his possession and 
he -till makes it his home. He ha.- arisen to an 
important place among the farmers and stock-raisers 
of Macoupin County and is known for the integ- 
rity of his character, his sound wisdom and his 
worth as a citizen. The maiden name of his first 
wife, mother of Mrs. Goodwin, was Barbara Davis. 
she died when her daughter was very young. His 
second wife wa- Mary Clanton, a native of South 

Mr-. Goodwin wa- carefully trained in her girl- 
hood in all useful household duties, and among 
other things learned to card and spin. and after her 
marriage she spun the wool to make her husband 
a suit of clothes. She continued an inmate of her 
father's household until she wa- wedded in 1865 
to Thonia- Goodwin, a most worthy young man 
of English birth and ancestry. Their union was 
one of mutual helpfulness and happiness, and 
among its blessings were the eight children born 
to them — lennie. Samuel. Maria. Hat tie. .John. Rose. 
George and Daisy. .lennie died when young, and 
Maria, who was married to William Wyatt and re- 
sided in Johnson ( ity.Tenn., died August is. 1891. 
The children occupy the old home with their mother. 
Mrs. Goodwin is a member of the Methodist Epis- 



copal Church and in all things is a consistent 

Thomas Goodwin was born af Vale Mills. Stoke- 
upon-Trent, England, May 1. 1835. His parents 
were Thomas and Jane< Goodwin, and they were also 
natives of England. They came to America in 
1844 and located in Madison County, this Stale. 
where the father spent the remainder of his life. 
The mother passed her lasl years in Macoupin 
County whither she removed after the death of 
her husband. 

Mrs. Goodwin's husband was a boy of nine years 
when his parents brought him to America. He 
was reared and educated in Madison County and 
in early manhood adopted the calling of farmer as 
his life-work. In 1SG7 he came to Penn Township 
and bought a tract of wild prairie land on sections 
.SI and 32. and threw his whole energies into the 
pioneer ta>k of reclaiming it. He was exceedingly 
industrious, working early and late to accomplish 
his undertaking, and in due time hi> labors were 
rewarded and the change that he wrought made 
him one of the best farms in the neighborhood. 
lie plaeed his land under line cultivation, erected 
neat and orderly buildings, and planted fruit. 
shade and ornamental trees to make his home more 
attractive. Here he laid down his life ere yet it 
had passed its meridian, closing his eyes in the 
dreamless sleep of death February 21. 1884, leav- 
ing behind him the record of years well-spent and 
a tender memory of a kind husband, a good father 
and a just and true neighbor and friend. 

% AVID (.. SAXNER. V. S., prominent and well- 
), known as a wealthy farmer and stoek-raiser. 
residing in Penn Township, Shelby County, 
lias large landed interests in this, Macon and Moul- 
trie Counties, and has contributed extensively to 
the development of the great agricultural resources 
of this section of his native State as one of the most 
enlightened and advanced men of his class within its 
borders. He is much interested in raising fine road 
horses, the Hambletonian strain being his favorite. 

and he also bears a high reputation as one of the 

most intelligent and skillful veterinary Slug* - of 

the county. 

May 16, 1*42. is the date of the birth of our sub- 
ject, in one of the pioneer homes of Madison County 
of which his father. Samuel Sanner. who was an 
early settler. The latter was a native of North- 
umberland County, Pa., and in early manhood mar- 
ried Barbara Paul, a native of Preston County. W. 
Ya. In 1833 he came to Illinois with his family 
and loeated in the wilds of Madison County, nine 
miles north of Edwardsville. During the many 
years that he lived there he applied himself busily to 
pioneer work, and in due time was well rewarded 
by becoming the possessor of a goodly amount of 
property. Fnl866 he took up his abode in Penn 
Townshipand there his remaining days were passed 
in tranquillity and comfort until he elosed his eyes 
in the dreamless sleep of death. He left behind him 
a good life-record and a memory that is cherished 
with reverence in the hearts of those who knew him. 

<>ur subject was the eighth child in a large fam- 
ily of children, twelve in number, and in his child- 
hood he had ample opportunity to acquire habits of 
industry and steady application that have been of 
use to him in his after life, as his father wisely de- 
termined that his boys should lie able to do all kinds 
of work on the farm, while at the same time he de- 
sired they should have an education. Our subject 
was well equipped in that respect, as in his youth 
excellent schools had already been established in 
Madison County, and he attended them whenever 
opportunity offered, and gained a sound knowledge 
of mathematics and other common branches. When 
the war broke out he was scarcely more than a boy. 
but he was eager to fightin defense of the old Bag. 
Owing to circumstances over which he had no con- 
trol, however, he was obliged to abandon the 
thought of enlisting until 1864, when he left the 
parental home September 3. to enroll as a mem- 
ber of Company A..( hie Hundred and Forty-fourth 
Illinois Infantry, commanded by t apt. George W 
Carr the regiment being mustered in at Alton. He 
was disappointed that his regiment was detained at 
Alton to do garrison duty instead of being sent to 
the front, some of the men being sent to Missouri so 
that he saw no active service in the held. He was 



soon detailed for service in the regimental band and 
remained at Alton during tin' winter of 1864-65. 
The war closed the following spring, and he was 
honorably discharged July l l. 1865, and mustered 
out :it Springfield. 

Returning to his father's farm after his exper- 
ience a- a soldier Mr. Sanner brought his family 
from his native county to this county in the spring 
of 1866. Ho continued to be an inmate of the par- 
ental household on section 21. Penn Township, 
until lie established a home of his own, securing as 
.-in efficient helpmate to preside over it. Miss Mary 
E. Freeland, then a resident of Milan Township, 
Macon County, to whoinhe was married in April. 
1870. Her father, David J. Frecland, was a native Of 
North Carolina whence became to Moultrie County; 
this Mate, when he was a boy of fifteen years. He 
was engaged in farm work in that ami Coles 
County some years, ami then took up his residence 
in Milan Township, of which he is now one of the 
extensive land-holders. He married for his second 
wife Martha .Sawyer, a native of Coles County, 
and Mrs. Sanner is their eldest child. 

When he married Ml'. Sanner commenced his in- 
dependent career as a farmer on a half section of 
land in Milan 'Township, and resided on that place 
for six years. At the expiration of that time he 
came back to Penn 'Township to take charge of his 
father's farm on section "21. In 1 S77 he took pos- 
se-sion of his present homestead, a beautiful farm 
of three hundred and twenty acres, finely located 
no section 23, Penn Township. Ho still retains his 
Macon County farm of half a section, renting that 
and part of his farm in Penn 'Township, and he has 
a thousand acres of land in all. including fifteen 
acres of timber in .Moultrie County and town prop- 
erty in Bethany. He is extensively engaged in 
general farming, having his farm well stocked, and 
he pays particular attention to breeding tine 
roadsters of Hambletonian blood. He has a thorough 
knowledge of the horse, having made a carefu| 
study of the animal for years, and is an acknow- 
ledged authority on all questions pertaining to it 
as hut few men observe the good points of a 
horse quicker, or detect its weak parts sooner than 
he. IK' i- also a successful veterinary surgeon of 
twenty-five years standing. 

A man of an active temperament, and indomi- 
table will and a large nature, our subject has won 

his way to a high place among our valued ami use. 
fill citizens. Ill— ha- been a busy life, hut not l.\ 
the force of sheer hard work has he acquired his 
property, his labors having been directed by a clear. 
well-balanced intellect, by practical business methods 
and by excellent powers of discrimination and 
judgment. In all his dealings, he has borne him- 
self with unswerving adherence to the principles of 
truth and probity, and his reputation is unblem- 
ished. 'The Sanner family are noted for their devo- 
tion to the Republican party, and our subject is no 
exception, he being one of the strongest advocates 
of the Republican policy in this part of the State, 
ami has been since in early manhood he cast his first 
Presidential vote for Abraham Lincoln in 1864. 
Socially, he is identified with William Penn Camp. 
M. W. A., and he is also a member of Prairie Lodge 
K. of II. He i- a stock-holder in the Prairie 
Home Building and Loan Association, and all en- 
terprises to promote the growth of the county find 
in him cordial support. 

Mr. and Mrs. Sanner have been truly happ\ in 
their married life, and their home has been glad- 
dened by the birth of children, of whom they have 
had ten. namely. — Charles Wesley. Carrie Belle, 
Franklin Ellis (who died in infancy). Samuel Wal- 
ter. Cyrus David, Orville Arthur. Lawrence Lester, 
Robert Lincoln. Etta May and Martha Barbara. 


ALCOLM I). LANK. One of the patriotic 
sons of our country, who in her time of 
peril gladly sprang to her defense and 
-pent almost the entire period of the Civil 
War in the army, we are proud to name as the 
brave soldier whose name heads this paragraph. 
He is now devoting himself to the peaceful pur- 
suits of farming up ... cct ion 19, Ridge Township, 
Shelby County, li. was born in Fairfield County. 
Ohio, October 26, 1.832, and his parents were William 
and Maria (Griswold) Lane. Hi.- father was born in 
Ohio, and hi- paternal grandfather in Westmore- 



land. Pa., while his mothev was a native of Con- 
necticut, whose ancestors came originally to Mary- 
land, and built one of the first houses which was 

erected on the site which is now covered by the 
city of Baltimore. 

Four sons and two daughters, grew up together 
beneath the parental roof, and Malcolm was the eld- 
est of the number; .Marcus died in this State in 1880; 
Naomi. Mrs. William Propeck, lives in Denison 
City, Tex.; Rachel, the wife of Jesse Columber, lives 
in this county; Henry and .lames M. now reside in 
.Marshall County. Kan.; and John died at the age 
of seventeen years. 

Our subject was married December !). 1855, to 
Miss Melinda Updegraff, of Miami County. Kan., a 
lady who was horn in Clarke County. Ohio. Jan- 
uary J. 1838, and went to Kansas with her parents, 
Andrew and Margaret (Lowman) LTpdegraph, who 
were natives of Ohio, in 1855, where she made the 
acquaintance of Mr. Lane. The young couple re- 
sided in that State for live years after marriage, 
and after the war made their home in Shelby 
County, this State. 

Malcolm I). Lane enlisted in Company I, Seven- 
teenth Ohio Infantry, in August. 1861, and was 
made a Corporal, lie served with Gen. Thomas in 
Kentucky, and participated in an engagement at 
Wild Cat, Ky., Mill Spring. Stone River, Chicka- 
mauga. Resaca, Kenesaw Mountain, and the At- 
lanta campaign, finally marching with Gen. Sher- 
man to the sea. ilis regiment then joined in the 
famous march back through the Carolinas to Wash- 
ington, I). C, and were present at the Grand Re- 
view in l.sii."). The gallant services of this young 
man were the cause of his being promoted, first to 
First Sergeant, then to Sergeant-Major, and finally 
to the rank of First Lieutenant of his company. 
He was mustered out of service at Louisville, Ky., 
July Hi. 1865, and returned to Shelby County, 111., 
where he taught school during the winters for some 
fifteen years. 

Nine children have blessed the home of Mr. and 
Mrs. Lane, namely: Samuel G.. Emma A.. Milton 
A. and J. Monroe ( twins). . Minnie R., George A.. 
Katie M., Ella M. and Walter M. The father of 
these children is wide-awake to all political move- 
ments and earnestly affiliates with the Republican 

party. He was three times elected Assessor of his 

township, and has held the office of Justice of the 
Peace, also that of member of the School Board as 
well as other minor offices. The family are mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian Church, in which their re- 
ligious activities find abundant opportunity for 


ENRY CROWL. lie whose name is at the 
lead of this sketch resides on section 6, 
Okaw Township, having settled in Shelby 
); County in 1861. lie was born in Knox 
County, Ohio. March 31, 1833, and is a son of John 
and Nancy (Steinmetz) Crowl, natives of Virginia, 
near the old Maryland line; it is uncertain whether 
the mother may not have been born in Maryland. 
The families of both father and mother removed to 
Ohio and settled in Knox County, where they were 
pioneers. John Crowl, the father of our subject, 
was a soldier in the War of 1812. After marriage 
he located in Knox County. Ohio. His first wife, 
the mother of our subject, died in 1.H44. She was 
the mother of eleven children, nine of whom lived 
to be grown. They were. Mary. John. Catherine. 
Lydia, Henry. George, Hannah. Cordelia and 

The original of this sketch was the only member 
of his family to come to Illinois. He was reared a 
farmer, his father having followed that pursuit all 
his life, as had his grandfather before him. Our 
subject received his education in the district 
schools of his native place, acquiring a know ledge 
of the branches that are indispensable to a practical 
business man. He was married Octobei 2.'t. 1859, 
to Miss Sarah Ann Marshall. The lady is a daugh- 
ter of Robert and Nancy Marshall, and was born 
in Ohio, where her parents were pioneers. 

Mr. Crowl came to Illinois in 1860, his first stop 
being in Livingston County, and in 18(11 he came 
to Shelby County and settled where he now resides 
they having at that time a small tract of unim- 
proved prairie land heri 1 . They now own one 
hundred ami seventy-six acres of well-improved 
land that under the capable management of our 


•i.",: i 

subject i> made to yield Bnecrops. He has erected 

upon the place a g 1 residence and barns, liis 

place having many of tin 1 latest improvement in 
agricultural implements. 

Mr. and Mrs. Crowl have been the parents of 
seven children. Five of these are now living, viz: 
Henrietta who is the wife of Samuel Turner; John 
M.. Arthur W., Emery A. and I.oreu L. lie of 
whom we write is an adherent of the Democratic 
party, believing that the principles of this party 
are those most suited to a Government where free- 
dom and personal liberty are supposed to he sov- 
ereign, lie has held some otliees in the gift of tile 
township, having filled the positions of Road Com- 
missioner and School Director to the entire satis- 
faction of his constituents. Mr. Crowl is a modest, 
unassuming man. hut one who is universally liked 
by his fellow-townsmen and neighbors because of 
his amiability and friendliness. 


1 LFRED F. ALLEN. County Clerk of 
Shelby County, is one of our most able 

/ ! and popular civic officials, lie is a native 
(v of Indiana, horn in Sugar Creek Town- 

ship. Parke County. March 'i, 1H47. His father, 
.lames Allen, ami his grandfather, Thomas Allen. 
were Virginians by birth. The father of the latter 
who was also named Thomas, served seven years as 
.1 spy in the interests of the Colonists during the 
Revolution. He was a man of a hold, resolute 
character, fearless and undaunted in time of peril. 
and his services were invaluable in securing in- 
formation of the movements of the enemy for his 
superior officers, lie removed from Virginia to 
Kentucky about 1812, and was a pioneer of that 
State. In 1*22 he went to Indiana to spend his 
last years, and made his home with his sou in 
Fountain County until death closed his mortal ca- 
reer. His remains were depositee! in Wolf Creek 
Cemetery in Park County. 

The grandfather of our subject spent his early 
life in his native Virginia, and was there married 
to Elizabeth Summers, who was also of Virginian 

birth. In August, 181 2, accompanied by his fam- 
ily, he went to Kentucky, and for some years re- 
sided in the wilds of that Slate. In 1822 he made 
another move and became a resident of Indiana, 
being among the first to settle on the line between 
Parke and Fountain Counties, performing t he jour- 
ney thither with teams and pack horses. He entered 
a tract of land in Parke and Fountain Counties, 
and built a house on the Fountain County side of 
the line, in which he lived until his death in Octo- 
ber, H-544 removed from that locality one of its 
most useful pioneers. 1 1 i — wifesurvived him until 
lKT'.l. when she too passed away on the home farm 
in Indiana. 

The father of our subject was a lad of twelve 
years when the family sought a new home in the 
forest wilds of Indiana, where he grew to man- 
hood on his father's farm. After marriage he 
settled on a tract of timber land he purchased in 
Sugar Creek Township, he and his bride beginning 
housekeeping in a log house, which was the birth- 
place of our subject. They resided there until 
1857, when Mr. Allen sold that place, and coming 
to Shelby County, bought a farm in Pig Spring 
Township. He lived thereon some years, and then 
sold it, and removing to Strasburg, is passing his 
declining years in retirement, well-earned by a 
long and honorable life of industry, with his chil- 
dren, lie was deprived of the companionship of 
his beloved wife by her deafh in 1879 at Strasburg, 
She was a native of Kentucky and bore the maiden 
name of Elizabeth Nickolls. Her father. John 
Xiekolls, a native of North Carolina, was an early 
pioneer of Kentucky, where he spent the remain- 
der of bis life. He was a teacher by profession. 
The maiden name of his wife was Elsie Wilson. 
The parents of our subject reared six children, of 
whom the following are the names: Thomas, 
Alexander. .lames p.. William, Alfred F. and 
Robert II. 

Alfred F. Allen inherited in a good degree those 
line traits of character of the sturdy Revolution- 
ary and pioneer stock from which he is descended, 
some of oui' best citizens coming from such an 
ancestry. When he was ten years old his parents 
brought him from the home of his birth to Shelby 
County, and from that time until his marriage he 



was of much assistance to his father in the im- 
provement of his farm. He was m thoughtful, 
studious lad, and in the district schools, which he 
attended quite steadily during Ids youth, he laid 
the basis of a sound education whereby he was 
well-equipped for the profession of a teacher, and 
he entered upon its duties at the age of twenty- 
two years. He taught the greater part of the time 
the ensuing fourteen years, and then abandoned 
that calling to accept a position as clerk in a store 
at Strasburg. lie remained a resident of that vil- 
lage until 1886, and during that time was ap- 
pointed Postmaster at that place, he being the first 
in the county to receive an appointment at the 
hands of President Cleveland. lie gave every 
satisfaction as an incumbent of that office, as lie 
managed its affairs after a most business-like man- 
ner, and was always courteous in his intercourse 
with the people of the village, by whom he was 
well-known, and who appreciated his genial social 
qualities and the worth of his character. 

In 1886 Mr. Allen removed to Shelbyville to 
assume the duties of County Clerk, to which posi- 
tion he had been recently elected. lie has ever 
since retained the office, and it is conceded on all 
sides, without regard to party, that no man better 
qualified in every way could have been selected. 

as he brings a g 1 understanding of the duties 

required of him. and a clear, well-trained intellect 
to bear upon his work, and his hooks will hear the 
inspection of the most critical. He is an ardent 
Democrat, and has been since he cast his first Pres- 
idential vote for Horace Greeley, always keeping 
himself well-informed in politics. While a resi- 
dent of Strasburg he was an important figure in 
its public and social life, and held several local 
offices. He served as . Justice of the Peace and 
Notary Public of that village, was at one time 
Town Clerk, and also acted as Assessor and as 
School Treasurer. He is a member of Jackson 
Lodge, No. 53, A. F. A- A. M.; of Jackson Chapter, 
Xo. ;">."). R. A. M.; of Black Hawk Lodge, No. 183, 
K. P.. and of the .Modern Woodmen of America. 

Mr. Allen was first married April 17. 1K73. to 
Mis> Mary E. Davis, a native of Moultrie County, 
and a daughter of Charles Davis. She died in 
1H7H after a few brief years of wedded happiness, 

leaving three children. Ida I. and Maggie and one 
since deceased. Mr. Allen was married in 1880 to 

his present estimable wife, formerly Mis- Allie J. 
Storm, a native of Ash (.rove Township, this 
county, and a daughter of John (. Storm. By 
this marriage two children have been born. Flora 
and one deceased. 

jjU^ <>N. ANTHONY THORNTON, of Shelby- 
J ville, Shelby County. ex-Judge of the Su- 
preme Court of Illinois, has distinguished 
himself on the bench ami before the tri- 
bunals of this State in the course of a long prac- 
tice, extending over Bfty-five years, and is to-day 
one of our foremost lawyers, whose learning, per- 
sonality and character have added lustre to the 
bar of this county, and have been potent in rais- 
ing it to its present high position in the judiciary 
of this Commonwealth. 

Judge Thornton is of Southern birth and an- 
cestry, coming of Colonial and Revolutionary 
stock. He was born on a Kentucky plantation, six 
miles from Paris. Bourbon County, November 9, 
1814. Hi- lather, who bore the -aim name as 
himself, was born in Caroline County, \'a.. and 
was a son of Col. Anthony Thornton, who was 
also a native of the Old Dominion, his father being 
a planter and a life-long resident of that State. 
Col. Thornton took an active part in the Revolu- 
t ion as Colonel of a body of Virginia state Militia, 
and his commission, which was given him by Pat- 
rick Henry, is now in the possession of our subject. 
Animated by a spirit of adventure, and a desire to 
avail himself of the superior advantages possessed 
by the virgin soil of Kentucky, in 1803 the grand- 
father of our subject pushed forward to the 
frontier, taking with him his family and his slaves, 
the latter about a hundred in number, and journey- 
ing to the new home across the mountains with 
teams. His daughter kept a journal, giving the 
details of each day's journey, and the original 
manuscript is now in the Judge's possession. For a 
time after their arrival in the wilds of Kentucky 
the family lived in Nicholas County, and then the 



Colonel bought a large tract of lain! in Bourbon 
and Harrison Counties, and in the dwelling that 
he erected in the latter county his remaining years 
were passed until hi? death. 

The father of our subject was reared and mar- 
ried in Virginia, and subsequently accompanied 
hi- parents and other members of the family in 
their exodus to the forest wilds of Kentucky. He 
purchased a tract of partly improvedland on Cane 
Ridge, mx miles from Paris, and gave his attention 
to agriculture, carrying on his farming operations 
with slave labor. Hi? life was brought to an un- 
timely end when scarcely past it- prime, hi? death 
occurring on his plantation in the year 1819. Hi? 
wife survived him only ?ix months, and then she 
too closed her eyes in that dreamless sleep that 
knows no waking. She was also a native of Vir- 
ginia, ami her maiden name was Mary Towles. 

Thus sadly bereft of a mother's and father's 
rare when he was but five yearsof age, our subject 
went to live with his paternal grandparents, who 
reared him tenderly, and he was given every ad- 
vantage to obtain a liberal education. He first 
attended the common schools, which were taught 
on the subscription plan, and at the age of sixteen 
wa- sent to Gallatin, Tenn.. to pursue his studies at 
the High School of that town. From there he went 
tii Danville., and fur a time was a student at Centre 
College. IK- next entered Oxford College, Oxford. 
Ohio, anil so far wa- he advanced he wa? eurolled 
a- a member of the junior class of that institution, 
and wa- graduated with a high standing for 
scholarship in the September Class of '34. 

After leaving college our subject entered upon 
hi- preparation fur the legal profession under the 
instruction of hi? uncle John R. Thornton, of 
Pari?. Ky., and in 1836 he was examined before 
the court of appeals by Judge .lame- Robertson 
and Judge Mar-hall, and was admitted to the bar. 
In the fall of the same year he -farted Westward 
with the intention of settling in Missouri, and 
while on hi- way came to this county to visit Gen. 
Thornton, traveling by the most expeditious route 
at that time, which was by the Ohio. Mississippi 
and Illinois River- to Meredosia, thence by stage 
through Springfield to Shelbyville. He found here 
but a small village of about two hundred people, 

living for the most part in log houses, while the 
surrounding country wa.- but little settled, and the 
land was nearly all owned by the Government. 
With characteristic acumen the Judge -non per- 
ceived that here wa- a tine field for legal talent, 
and he decided to tarry here, and enter upon his 
profe— ional career amid it- pioneer scenes. Ac- 
cordingly he opened an office in the village, and as 
lie became known and his ability was recognized, 
clients began to pour in upon him, and his busi- 
ness steadily grew with the growth of the county. 
justifying his anticipations of a good practice 
when he selected this location for a future home. 

Iii 1848 Judge Thornton entered the political 
arena as a member of the Mate Constitutional 
Convention that met that year to revise the Con- 
stitution of Illinois, and his legal equipment made 
hi? services valuable in the work of revision per- 
formed by the members of that convention. In 
1850 he was elected to the State Legislature on the 
Whig ticket, and again he played an important 
part as a member of that most important of all 
committees during that session, the one that had 
charge of railroad legislation, as then the princi- 
pal railroads of the Slate were organized and their 
route- defined. In 1864 the Judge wa? elected to 
i ongress, served throughout two sessions, display- 
ing in his career as a national legislator broad 
statesmanship, and so thoroughly satisfying his 
constituents that they paid him the compliment of 
re-nominating him to succeed himself. Then was 
presented the spectacle, rather rare in these days 
of the multifarious seekers after high places, of a 
man resolutely declining a proffered office, to- 
gether with it? honor? and emolument?. Our sub- 
ject's refusal to make the race again wa? actuated 
by his desire to retire from political life, and to 
resume once more hi- beloved profession. In 1870 
he was elected to the Supreme Bench, a position 
for which he was eminently fitted by experience. 
by his wide and extensive knowledge of law. and 
by the possession of masterly judicial qualities. 
He administered justice vigorously, equitably, and 
with a clear discernment of the merit? of each case 
that came under his jurisdiction. 

Notwithstanding the honor of being at the head 
of the Supreme Court of Illinois, Judge Thornton 



preferred his old place before the bar as an attor- 
ney, and in 1873 hi? resignation of the judgeship 
was tendered, an act unparalleled in the annals of 
the judiciary of this Mate, and was received with 
regret, his retirement from the high office he so 
adorned, and where he so ably conserved the ends 
■ if justice, being considered a loss t«i the bench. 
Since that time he has attended strictly to his law 
business, and devotes himself, heart and soul to 
the interests of his extensive clientage. 

The Judge is a man of strong nature, of a fine 
physique and distinguished presence, is popular 
with all classes, and has a firm hold upon the 
hearts of the people among whom the most active 
years of his life have been passed, and who delight 
to do him honor. He is seen at the best advantage 
amid the pleasant surroundings of his attractive 
home as a genial and courteous host, a devoted 
husband and indulgent father. He has been twice 
married. In I860 he was wedded to Mis- Mildred 
Thornton, a native of Virginia, and a daughter of 
William F. and Ann Thornton. Their married 
life was brief, as the young wife died in 1856, 
leaving two children. William T. and Anthony, 
the latter of whom is dead. In 1866 our subject 
was united in marriage to Miss Kate II. Smith, a 
native of this county, and a daughter of Addison 
and Mary Smith. Two children have been born of 
this union. Catherine P. and Lewis. 


OLMADT 1'. ROBERTS, a citizen well- 

e known in Shelby County (where he has 
lived for many years) as an honorable and 
upright man having the confidence and esteem of 
all who knew him. is always named as one of the 
most enterprising and energetic business men of 
Lakewood. that pleasant village situated near what 
was once tin- shores of Lake Miantowana. lie was 
born in Wayne County, Pa.. October 16,1844, 
his parents, John S. and Mary A. (Friggins) Rol>- 
erts, being native- of ( ornwall, England. The 
father was born in 1807 and the mother the year 
previous. Their marriage took place in England 
in 1830. 

After twelve years of married life in the old 

country John and Mary Roberts migrated to 
America and located in 1842 in Wayne County, 
Pa., where they remained for -even years. They 
removed to Lafayette County, Wis., in 1849, re- 
maining there till 1856 when they came to Shelby 
County, where they spent the remainder of their 
day-. The death of the father, which occurred in 
1878, resulted from a sunstroke and the mother 
passed away in 1884. 

Colmady P. Roberts received his education in 
the public school- of Wisconsin and of Shelby 
County, supplemented by attendance at the acad- 
emy in Shelhyville. He enlisted in the army un- 
der President Lincoln's last call for volunteer- in 
1865 for one year's service and after serving -even 
months received his discharge on account of the 
declaration of peace. He enlisted as Corporal in 
Company K. Fourteenth Illinois ( new organization ) 
and was discharged a- ( trderlv-sergeant of his 
company, lie took part in the race aftei Johnston 
with Sherman's army and marched up through the 
Carolinas in Virginia, to Richmond and Washing- 
ton and participated in the Grand Review. The 
regiment nave real service during its short term. 
It was near Ft. Kearney. Neb., when orders came 
to be mustered out. 

To Shelby County our subject returned after his 
discharge and engaged in the peaceful pursuit- of 
teaching and farming, following these pursuits for 
a number of years. Having reached the mature 
aire of twenty-five years this young man decided 
to agree practically with the scriptural doctrine 
that it is "not good for man to be alone." and 
chose for himself a wife in the person of Mis:- El- 
mira Carder, a native of this county, who was born 
here in August, 1850. They were married Novem- 
ber 11. 1869. Her parents, Joseph and France- 
Carder, were early pioneers of Shelby County and 
Mrs. Roberts was the youngest in their family of 
five children, the others lieiiiir James, Henry. Fran- 
ce-, and one sister who died in early life. Only 
two of this number now survive. Their mother 
died in 1851 and the father remarried and had six 
children by the second union, four of whom are 
living. The happy home of Mr. and Mrs. Roberts 
has been blessed by the birth of four children, three 
of whom Still make their home under the parental 

'*.s*ki - 




$?//w*aj£s &jz£a^i" u ^ 

C^y 6%^-^-isn,- 



roof. The oldest, Edwin A., was born June 30, 
1871, and died July t. 1891; Annie B.. born in Jan- 
uary 11. 1873, is next in age and Joseph S., born 
June •"•. 1875, is now attending school at Danville, 
hid., at an institution under the control of the 
State. Gracie R.. the pet and delight of the family, 
was born April 20, 1885. 

In 1872 Mr. Roberts engaged in buying grain 
and produce at Lakewood and has continued hand- 
ling grain and stock in connection with merchan- 
dising and farming up to the present date. He 
and lii— wife own about six hundred acres of farm- 
ing land in the vicinity of Lakewood and also 
some property within the village. lit- carries a 
general stock of dry goods, groceries, readj made 
clothing, boots and shoes, provisions, etc. His 
store is filled with a well-selected stock and he en- 
joys an excellent share of the trade of the town. 

This gentleman takes a great interest in religious 
w< rk and especially in Sunday-school, being a 
member of the Separate Baptist Church for which 
lie often preaches, being ever ready to supply 
vacancies and attend funeral services. Hi- excel- 
lent wife is also an active worker in the same church. 
IK- i- very useful in the community and is fre- 
quently called upon to settle estates and act as 
guardian for minor children, in both of which 
capacities he has shown himself eminently worthy 
of the confidence which was reposed in him. He 
ha- held the office of Justice of the Peace and is at 
the present time a Notary Public. His political 
views are expressed in the declarations of the Re- 
publican party, in the prosperity of which he takes 
great interest 



SDWARD 11. SANNER. The student of 
-« history finds abundant food for thought in • 

^ tlie life record of this gentleman who ha: 

materially added to the wealth and importance of 
Shelby County a> one of the leading agricultural 
centers of the meat Prairie State since he identified 
himself with it- most stirring and enterprising 
farmer- and stock-raisers a quarter of a century 
ago. lie has extensive landed interests both in this 

ami Macon County, and a beautiful home in l'enn 
Town-liiii. where he ha- a model farm, lie devotes 
this estate largely to stock-raising purposes, hav- 
ing here one of the best held- of Hereford- in this 
section, and several line Cleveland Bay horses 
among other valuable -tuck. A view of this line 
homestead appears on another page of this volume. 

Our subject was born April i".>. 1839, in one of 
the pioneer home- of Madi-on County. Hi> fa- 
ther. Samuel Sanner, "a- an early settler of thai 
Section of Illinois, who took an active part ill its 
development during the thirty-three year- that he 
resided there. He was a Pennsylvanian by birth, 
born in Northumberland. He married Barbara 
Paul, a native of that part of Virginia now in- 
cluded in We-t Virginia, and in 1833 came with 
her from Pennsylvania to this Mate In 1866 he 
removed with hi- family to this county, and here 
his life was closed in his home in l'enn Township 
in April. 1880, death coming to him after a long 
and busy career. He left a record worthy of emu- 
lation and an untarnished name that i- revered bi 
his descendants and by all who knew him. 

Edward Sanner grew to manhood under good 
home influences, and principle- of industry and of 
doing well whatever he undertook were early in- 
stilled into his mind and undoubtedly have con- 
tributed much to hi.- prosperity since he began his 
independent career as a fanner. A- soon as he was 
old enough he attended the district School and 
continued a student there until he became of age, 
and as he made the best of his opportunities he 
obtained a sound, practical education. His father 
intended to -end him to college at Lebanon, but 

his services were needed at home, and the idea of 

a course at college had to he abandoned, lie was 
living quietly in his father's home in Madison 
County when the great Civil War between the 
North and South broke out. and tired with patriot- 
ism, he desired to serve his country. But here 
again his wishes had to give way to his sense of 
duty, as some of hi- brothel's had entered the army, 
and he was more than ever needed to help carry 
on the farm, so he gave up the thought of enlist- 
ing in a regiment of zouaves a- he had contem- 
plated. But the work that he performed at home 
m sowing the -eed and harvesting the crops was as 



necessary to carrying on the war toa successful issue 
as the hard fighting thai the soldiers did at the 
front, for the wheat and com raised on the broad 
prairies of the Middle and Western States to supply 
the armies with needed food were important fac- 
tors in suppressing the rebellion and preserving 
the Union. 

The removal of the Sanner family, father and 
sons with their families, to this county in 1866, 
was an important event in the life of our subject. 
In the fall of that year he located on land bought 
from the Illinois Central Railway Company, com- 
prising the west half of section 20, Township 14. 
(Penn Township), range 3. east. Penu Township 
then funned a part of Pickaway, and the prairies 
of the northern part had been passed by, with but 
few exceptions, as unfit for settlement on account 
of the swampy character of the soil. This proved 
to be a mistaken idea, as since some of the finest 
farms of the county have been improved here, our 
subject's among others. With characteristic energy 
he entered upon the hard task before him of re- 
deeming his land from its wild condition by drain- 
ing it and placing it under careful cultivation, and 
to-day there is not a more desirable farm through- 
out the length and breadth of Shelby County than 
his, with its well-tilled fields yielding abundant 
harvests, and its commodious, conveniently ar- 
ranged frame buildings, including a large and 
handsome residence of a modern style of architec- 
ture, with pleasant .surroundings. He has added 
to his original purchase, and now has one thou- 
sand and ninety acres of well-improved prairie 
land, two hundred and ninety acres of it lying in 
.Macon County, and the remainder in this county. 
(arising on an extensive business as a general 
farmer. Mr. Sanner gives much attention to stock- 
raising. Hereford-, of which lie has a valuable herd. 
being his favorite breed of cattle, and in horses, 
Cleveland Rays stand first with him. and he has 
some fine specimens of that blood. 

The ceremony which made .Miss Naomi Pierson, 
of Bunker Hill, the wife of our subject was per- 
formed November ];">. 1865, anil in her he has 
found one of life's choicest blessings. Their 
wedded life has been productive to them of nine 
children, named Willie. Albert. Hattie. Clifford, 

Ruth. Fanny. Samuel, Quintus and Naomi. Fanny 
died at the age of twelve weeks. Mrs. Sanner is a 
native of Jacksonville, Morgan County. 111., bora 
in L840, and is a daughter of Dr. Daniel C. and 
Naomi C. (Nixon) Pierson, natives of New Jersey. 
Her father practiced medicine in his native State 
several years prior to his removal to Illinois in 
ls:S.L when he became a pioneer physician of 

Nature lias dealt generously with our subject 
and lias not only endowed him with a line physi- 
que, but has given him a keen, discerning, well- 
poised mind, and with these as capital, seconded 
by decision of character and tenacity of purpose, 
he could not fail to make life worth living and to 
achieve whatever he desired to accomplish. He is 
of an open-minded, fair, generous disposition, and 
has gathered around himself many warm friends, 
whom he is ever ready to oblige, and in times of 
trouble or need they are sure of his sympathy 
and assistance. Nurtured in the faith of the Re- 
publican party, which was organized in his boy- 
hood, and taught to believe that its tenets were 
the only true ones for the conduct of the Govern- 
ment, Mr. Sanner has always been a devoted fol- 
lower of the party ever since he began to exercise 
the right of suffrage by casting his first Presidential 
vote for Abraham Lincoln in 1860. 

The attention of the reader is invited to the 
lithographic portraits of Mr. and Mrs. Sanner. pre- 
sented in this connection. 


OlIN HENDRICKS. Among the prominent 
families who have helped to make the local 
history of Shelby County, we take pleasure 
in naming again the oneof which oursubject 
is a representative. John Hendricks resides on sec- 
lion 22, Okaw Township, and isa son of Samuel and 
Mary E. Hendricks. The grandfather of our sub- 
ject, who bore the name of George Hendricks, 
came to this State from North Carolina, and set- 
tling in Okaw Township, made his home there with 
his worthy wife and there they resided until they 
were called from earth by the call which no man 



disregards. His death occurred some years previ- 
ous to that of his faithful companion. He was 
born in Xorth Carolina, Jan uaiy 29, 1799 and died 
July II. 1835, while his wife, who was :i native of 
the same state, had her birth October 26, 1798 and 
passed away April 24, 1*72. They reared to use 
fulness three sons and two daughters, namely 
Samuel, John 11.. Zimri, Amanda, and Losada. 

Samuel and Mary F. Hendricks were the parents 
of eight children, one of whom died in infancy 
and seven grew to years of maturity, namely: 
Rebecca A. (Mrs. Charles Turney) John, our sub- 
jeet. David, deceased, Charles. Lawson, Alonsco 
and Mary K. (Mr-. Lewis Hawk). 

Our subject was reared i>n the farm and received 
his education in the common schools of Shelby 
County, lie is the eldest son and second child of 
his parents, being born January 22. 1 s.">< ». His 
early choice of an occupation for life was made in 
favor of farming pursuits, and he was married 
August 24. 1871, to Anna L. Patterson, a daughter 
of James and Frances Patterson and a native of 
Shelby County, 111., where she was born October 
26, 1851. 

About three years after marriage Mr. and Mis. 
Hendricks settled upon the farm of eighty acres 
where they now reside. Their eight children bear 
the names of Minnie F.. William F.. John E., James 
A.. Carrie F.. Rhoda F.. Myrtle P., and an infant 
who is yet unnamed. The political views of Mr. 
Hendricks are in accord with the declarations and 
platform of the Republican party but his interest 
in the welfare of the farming community has in- 
fluenced him of late to vote with the Farmers' Mu- 
tual Benefit Association. IK- is an active worker 
in the Christian Church and a man whose useful- 
ness therein is accorded by all who know him. 

David F. Hendricks, deceased, a brother of our 
subject, is worth} - of note in connection with this 
sketch. He was horn July 24. 1853, and died May 
15, 1881. Mr. Hendricks was a graduate of Chi- 
cago Commercial College and was book-keeper for 
a leading firm of contractors at Shelbyville. For 
five years he was chorister of the Christian Sunday- 
school and for one year chorister of the Royal 
Purple Temperance Association and also led the 
singing in church for some time. He was an hon- 

ored and beloved member of the Christian Church 
ami was also identified with the Independent Or- 
der of Odd Fellows. Hi- death was greatly felt in 
the community where he had made his home from 
ehildhoi id. 

JOSEPH F. EDEN, proprietor of the Fden 
House, of Sullivan. Moultrie County, is 
numbered among the honored pioneers of 
the county. Only seven of those living in 
Sullivan at the time of hi- arrival are still residents 
of that place. Probably no man in the community 
is more widely or favorably known than our sub- 
ject, who was horn in Batl^ County . Ivy .. Septem- 
ber 10. 1820. His father. John P. Fden, was born 
in Baltimore, Md., in IT'.Hi. and the grandfather, 
Jeremiah Eden, was a native of England. When 
a young man he crossed the Atlantic probably lo- 
cating in Maryland, where he wedded a lady of 
German descent. After living for a time in that 
stale, they removed to Hath County. Ky., where 
they spent the remainder of their lives. Both 
were members of the Methodist Church. The 
father of our subject was a young lad when his 
parents removed to Kentucky where he sjrew to 

manh 1 and married Catherine Cann. a native of 

Bath County, where her parents were early settlers. 
Their union was celebrated in 1K1K. and upon a 
farm in that locality they resided until 1831. when 
they removed to Rush County. Ind.. locating three 
miles from Rushville. .Mr. Fden procured land 
upon which he made some improvements and died 
at his home iii Indiana ill 1835. lie was a sound 
Democrat in polities and twiee voted for Andrew 
Jackson. Hi- wife survived him some \ ears and 
died at the home of our subject in 1870, at the 
age of seventy year-. In religious belief she was 
a Presbyterian. The family numbered six children, 
of whom Joseph F.. John, whose sketch i- given 
elsewhere. Mr-. Moon-, of Bruce, 111., and Mrs. 
Sampson, of Sullivan are yet living. 

Our subject was only fifteen years of age when 
his father died and being one of the older children 
ol the family much care and labor devolved upon 



him. He proved the main support of his widowed 
mother and the faithfulness with which he at- 
tended to his duties merits the highest praise. His 

school privileges were necessarily limited but he 
would gather hickory bark to make a torch light 
and during the long winter evenings would read 
such books as he could get hold of until at length 
he had acquired a good practical knowledge. The 
only school which he attended was a log Cabin 
furnished with puncheon Hoot- and slab scats, but 
so well did he prepare himself that for ten years he 
was a successful teacher in Hush County, Ind. 

During that time .Mr. Eden met and married 
Miss Matilda M. Bussell, who was born two miles 
from Rushville, Ind.. in 1828, and is a daughter of 
Col. William S. and Maria (Ward) Bussell, who 
were native- of Kentucky. With their respective 
families her parents went to Indiana during child- 
hood. Mr. Bussell served as a Colonel in the 
Black Hawk War and in Indiana occupied the 
office of County Sheriff. His business was that of 
a merchant and dealer in live-stock. In 1834, he 
started for Georgia, with a large drove of horses 
and while in that State died of spasmodic colic. 
He was then less than forty years of age. He was 
a man of commanding presence, fine-lookini> and 
his appearance commanded respect. He also served 
as Colonel in the State Militia. His wife survived 
him many years and died at the advanced age of 
eighty-four, in Jasper County, Ind. She was a sec 
ond time married, becoming the wife of Dr. Knox, 
who died at the home of our subject. 

Mrs. Eden remained with her mother until her 
marriage, which was celebrated May 14, IK4i>. By 
their union have been horn four children: William, 
who wedded Belle Alexander and resides in Eresno, 
Cal.; Susie, wife of Or. t ). C. Link, a successful 
physician of Lincoln, Neb., who was formerly Su- 
perintendent of the Insane Hospital at Yankton, 
S. Dak.: .1. F.. a leading liveryman of Sullivan, who 
wedded Josie Smizer; and E. B., who married 
Elizabeth Beverage. He resides in Sullivan and is 
engaged in the insurance and real-estate business. 

In the line of his trade, Joseph Eden has become 
widely known. He began operations in the hotel 
business in 1864, and was very successful in his 
undertaking until 18H0. when he suffered quite a 

loss by tire. However, on the site of the old hotel 
he erected a new one. which was completed in 
1883, and on the 3d of November of that year 
was opened to the public. It is situated on the 
southwest corner of the square and is a three-Story 
brick with basement, containing forty sleeping 
rooms, besides parlors, three sample rooms, commo- 
dious kitchen, dining-room. etc. The house is well 
arranged and is furnished with all modern con- 
veniences for the comfort and entertainment of 
guests. Mr. Eden exert.- himself to make his pa- 
trons feel at home and the hotel well deserve- its 
popularity. In connection he also had a large and 
fine livery which was burned on the Kth of August, 
IH7S>. just one year after it was completed. We 
thus see that he had met with reverses but with 
characteristic energy he set to work to retrieve his 
losses. Altogether his career lias been most pros- 
perous. Previous to his embarking in the hotel 
business he established a general store immediately 
after his arrival March 7. 1858. and for twenty 
years engaged in merchandising. In the meantime 
he purchased land and followed farming and stock- 
raising for fifteen years. His property was near 
the city and he still owns a portion of it. 

Mr. Eden has lived to see almost the entire de- 
velopment of the county and has done much for 
its interests. At the time of his arrival there were 
only about four hundred voters in the county and 
the work of progress seemed scarcely begun, lie 
held the office of Postmaster of Sullivan under 
Presidents Pierce and Buchanan, being first ap- 
pointed in 1853 and was superseded when the Re- 
publican party came into power. He was also 
Justice of the Peace for four years and soon after- 
ward was elected County .Indue, filling the office 
for a similar period. During that time the old 
county court house was burned and the present 
Structure erected. .Indue Eden was the prime 
mover in securing the sale of the swamp lands, 
with which funds the new court house was built 
and sufficient left to purchase the present poor 
farm of two hundred acres. In this purchase he 
met with much opposition, as many wished to use 
the money for school purposes, but he persevered 
and the poor farm has proved a valuable acquisi- 
tion, being now self-sustaining and a credit to the 


25 1 

county. When the agricultural society of the 
nuinty was organized in 1857, Mr. Eden became 
connected with it and for more than twenty years 
ha.- been it- President, holding that position at the 
present time. On the organization of the Building 
and Loan Association in 1887, he became its high- 
est official and i- yet it< President In politics he 
is one of thestanchest advocates of the Democracy 
and is a leader of his party in this portion of the 
State. He has been an honored delegate to the 
State and county conventions and forseveral years 
has been Chairman of the County Central Com- 
mittee. For thirty-seven year- he has been an 
Odd Fellow and for twenty-four years has lieen a 
member of the Grand Lodge of the State. He i- 
one of tin' charter members of the third lodge of 
Royal Templars in the State. located at Sullivan. 
We thus see how prominent Judge Fden ha* been 
in public affair-. 1 1 i> genial, kindly manner ha- 
won him many friends who esteem him highly for 
hi- sterling worth. The active part which he has 
taken in the upbuilding of the county entitles 
him to mention among it.- founder- and l>est citi- 
zen- and it is with pleasure that we present this 
-ketch to the readers of the Rei oko. 

oil jMCe. 52- 

gg&HARLES H. McCOY. Centuries ago, the 
work of an architect only began when the 
' idea, the plan- and specifications for his 
work were impressed upon his mind, and confided 
to parchment. After that he himself, with a myriad 
of workmen went into the forests, lie wed down the 
tic- that his judgment told him were best adapted 
for the work in hand, ami set about putting them 
in such shape with his chisel and saw. as could 
he used in his building. To-day. in architect- 
ure, as in every thing else, there are a hundred. 
yes, more, specialties, to which as many men bring 
the concentrated power of their intelligence, abil- 
ity and skill. Of these specialists, no one take- a 
more important part than he who furnishes the 
well-seasoned timbers that go to make up the skel- 
eton of a frame work, the odorous, piney shell, and 
the beautifully grained, marvelously shaded woods 

for the interior finish. The trade of a lumber 
dealer is one in which, if one have any artistic 
instinct, there is large opportunity for the fullest 
enjoyment of color, tone and form. 

( )ur subject, who ha- just reached that age when 
success begins to Ik- grateful was born in Mifflin 
County, Pa., February 10, 1851. His father wri- 
the late Samuel II. McCoy, a farmer by occupation 
and a native of Bucks County, Pa. where he was 
born December 1. 1818. Our subject's mother 
whose maiden name was Rachael J. Anderson, was 
born in Mifflin County. Pa. in July. 1832. After 
their marriage, the\ settled in the bride's native 
county, where together they pursued the course 
of life for many years, and where the father died 
June 8, 1890. They became the parents of five 
children, our subject being the second in order of 
birth. His birthplace was in Mifflin County. Pa. 
and hi.- natal day was .Inly 11). 1851. 

C harles II. McCoy was reared to manhood on his 
fathers farm, and remained under the parental 
roof until about 1873. After that time and until 
1876. he was employed in different occupations in 
his native State, and at that date, he came to Piatt 
County. III., where for a period of two years he 
was employed during the summer months at farm- 
ing and during the winter season he was engaged 
in teaching in Moultrie County. At this time he 
formed a partnership with .1. C. McCord and 
launched into the grain and lumber business in 
Rement. This partner-hip continued until 1881. 
at which time the firm dissolved and for about -even 
months afterward our subject was employed as hook- 
keeper for a coal company in New Mexico. His 
experience in that territory was new and interest- 
ins, but he was not so attracted that his inclina- 
tion- did not urge him to return to the Prairie 
state. Coming hither again he engaged in his 
former occupation, or rather, in the lumber trade, 
at Atwood. remaining there. however, hut for a short 
time, selling out his business and in the spring of 
1883 coming to Lovington, where he resumed the 
business in which he was formerly engaged but 
thereafter being sole proprietor, although for 
the first two year-, that i- from 1883 to 1885, he 
was in partnership with his brother. S. F. McC oy. 
The original of this -ketch enjoy- the reputation 



of being a straightforward business man honor- 
able in all his dealings, and ii speaks well for his 
credit that he enjoys to the fullest extent, the con- 
(idence and esteem of his fellow-townsmen. His 
marriage took place in Bement this State, December 
•25. 1879. Mrs. McCoy's maiden name was Susan L. 
Tabor. Her parents were Edwin and Nancy A. 
(Boyle) Tabor. She is a native of Kentucky, being 
born in the metropolis of that State February 25, 
1852. Their union has been blessed by the advent 
of three children whose names are respectively Ed- 
win T. Fred II. and Florence L. They are amiable 
and lovable young people endowed with bright 
minds and quick perceptive faculties. < >ur subject 
attiliates with the Republican party, and although 

he is greatly interested, as all g 1 men must be, 

in local government, he is not in any sense a seeker 
after office. He has. however, been elected to some 
local posts, and has rilled the important position of 
School Director with great appreciation of the re- 
sponsibilities of that otliee. 

'' ON. SAMUEL W. WRIGHT, Jr., repre- 
sents the Thirty-third Senatorial District 
in the General Assembly. From a local 
\§j£)) standpoint he is an enterprising citizen and 
a liberalsupporter of all worthy enterprises. Per- 
sonally he of whom we write is modest and retiring. 
but a thorough business man and a gentleman. He 
lives on a farm, which he oversees, hut as the 
greater part of his time is given to outside busi- 
ness the term of "gentleman farmer" might with 
propriety be applied to Mr. Wright, lie is the 
owner, however, of a good farm in Sullivan Town- 
ship, which, owing to his splendid management-, is 
a model of neatness, order and attractiveness. Like 
the majority of farmers who do business on a large 
scale in the State, he deals extensively in live- 
stock and is a general trader. 

The original of our sketch is the only son of 
.lames M. and Mildred (Dazey) Wright, and was 
born in this county June 30, 1850. The family 
removed, however, to Shelby County in the fall of 
1850, and there the lad passed his boyhood days. 

He was seventeen years old when the family came 
to Sullivan, and the young man finished his edu- 
cation at Bastian College, then a noted institution 
of learning, but now defunct. Like the present 
leader of the Republican parly, the Hon. .lames <.'.. 
Blaine, he began his career as a teacher, and doubt- 
less, in forming debating societies for his students. 
he early learned parliamentary rules and regula- 
tions that were of value to him later in his career 
in public life. 

In 187(1 Samuel Wright was married, his bride 
being Miss Angie Powell, who was born in Moul- 
trie County. March 4, 1850. Their nuptials were 
celebrated in Sullivan, where for a time the young 
couple made their residence. Mrs. Wright is a 
daughter of .John and Sarah (Harbough) Powell. 
In 1879 they settled in Moultrie County, where 
they at present reside. Here our subject is en- 
gaged while at home, in stock-raising, being able 
to boast of some of the finest breeds in the animals 
that he owns. Politically, the Originator of our 
sketch is an important factor in the local forces of 
the Democratic party. An intelligent, educated 
man. and a good speaker, he has done much for 
his parly in the State. He has for three terms held 
the local office of Township Supervisor, and has 
also been Chairman of the Board, and has been 
instrumental in effecting many changes that have 
benefited the county. 

In the fall of 1890 lie of whom we write was 
elected to the State Senate, and was one of the one 
hundred and one who supported the Hon. John 
M. Palmer so ably for the United States Senate. 
His standing in the Legislature speaks for itself in 
the fact that he was a member of some of the 
most important committees, serving on ten in 
all. among which were those on appropriations, 
hanks and banking, corporations, etc. He received 
the highly complimentary vote of three thousand 
four hundred majority over his Republican oppo- 
nents and several hundred over all other candi- 
dates, which speaks in most glowing terms of his 
popularity in the county. 

Mr. "Wright's domestic and home life is exceed- 
ingly happy. His wife is a charming woman, who, 
while her chief interests are centered in her home 
and family, presides with ureal dignity and ele- 



ganoe over the domestic realm. >ln- is a delight- 
ful hostess, making rich or poor, great or small. 
feel at home and easy in her gracious presence. 

She is the mother of eight children, whose names 
are a- follows: Carrie K.. Addie ( ).. Walter P.. 
.lames A.. Minnie May. Edward E.. Homer W 
and Samuel Palme]-. 

Our subject is Past Grand Master of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, and also a member 
of the Knights of Pythias. In their religious re- 
lation- both Mr. and Mrs. Wright are connected in 
membership with the Cumberland Presbyterian 
Church. Our subject is a man whose biographical 
sketch it is a pleasure to consider. Cultivated, 
educated and manly, with no inclination to boast 
of natural advantages or acquirements, he is one 
who naturally takes his place at the head of affairs 
and is recognized universally as one of nature's 

r~^ EORGE W. GRISSO. The hospitable and 
genial owner of the finely-improved farm 
located on section 12. of Tower Hill Town- 
ship, is a man whose ancestry and birth tell in his 
general status, for lie is intelligent, well informed, 
a lover of books and of beautiful things, altogether 
a manly man and a gentleman. His father was 
Christian Grisso, a native of Virginia, and his 
mother Elizabeth (Detrick) Grisso. Roth parents 
were of German ancestry. Our subject's father 
still survives, but hi- mother passed away about 
1858. They were the parent- of a family of eight 
children, and of these our subject was the fourth 
in order of birth, having been born in Clark 
County. Ohio. August 30, 1838. 

The original of thi- sketch attained to manhood 
in his native county and state, and December 13. 
1864, when he felt that he could take upon him the 
responsibilities and duties of wedded life, he was 
married to Miss Catherine Melliuger, a daughter 
of Malchor and Matilda (Bowman) Mellinger, who 
wire residents of Dayton, Ohio, at the time of 
their death, where they had lived for mam years. 

They were tin- parent- of ten children, of whom 
Mr-. Grisso was the second in order of birth, she 
was born in Richland County, Ohio. February 5, 

After the marriage of our subject, he. with his 
young wife, settled in Clark County. Ohio, and 
there lived live years, from which place they came 
to this county and settled in Tower Hill Township, 
where they have ever since been residents. Their 
domestic life has been very happy. Kindly and 
forbearing, each is appreciative of the intentions 
and acts of the other. Little ones have come about 
them, and those who survive have grown to be 
good and intelligent women, who have taken re- 
sponsible and honorable positions in society. They 
are a credit to their parents, and speak well for the 
years of tender guardianship and care which have 
been bestowed upon them. The names of the live 
children are as follow.-: Carrie M.. who died in in- 
fancy: Clarence A., who was also taken away while 
a babe; Emma .1.: Cora M.. who is the wife of 
Charles Malone: and Ivella I. 

Mr. Grisso ha.- been appointed to service in 
several local offices, having been Highway Com- 
missioner and School Director: and the compli- 
ment that ha.- been paid his judgment and ability 
has been returned by faithful and efficient serv- 
ice, lie ha- ever taken an active part in local po- 
litical affairs, striving to have the local govern- 
ment in the hands of such men as will conscien- 
tiously discharge their duties irrespective of party 
power. He fraternizes with the Prohibition ele- 
ment, thus -bowing hi- progressive tendencies. Hi- 
wife isa member of the Methodist Episcopal Church 
and he himself has ever been a generous contribu- 
tor to the support of the Gospel. 

He of whom we write ha.- found his vocation to 
be that of a producer and cultivator of the rich 
cereal treasures of the earth, and in this, although 
a comparatively young man. he has already been 
favored with a reasonable degree of success. Ib- 
is the owner of one hundred and twenty acres of 
good land, upon which he has expended much 
money and labor inline improvements. His resi- 
dence i- a cozy and comfortable home, which finds 
a place for the best influence wrought bv books 
and music and cheerful, animated conversation on 

25 I 


current topics of the day. lie devotes the greater 
part of his attention to the cultivation of small 
fruit, in which he has been particularly successful. 
and his farm in the warm days of June, July and 
August, when the bushes are laden with their fra- 
grant and juicy burdens, is an enticing and de- 
lightful place to visit. Socially he belongs to the 
Older of United Workmen. 

During the War of the Rebellion Mr. Grisso en- 
listed in the army, becoming a volunteer in Au- 
gust. 1862. in Company A., Ninety-fourth Ohio 
Regiment. He served about eleven months, at 

State. His character was such as to give him the 
warm regard as well as esteem of his neighbors. 
He was an honored member of the Christian ( hurch 
from October .">. 1841. and was a constant and true 
friend of the Union through all the trying scenes 
of the Civil War. 

The political convictions of this pioneer made 
him an ardent Republican yet he could not he 
called a politician in the usual sense of the word, 
as his intelligence and extensive reading had made 
him a man of breadth and he was cordially willing 
that every man should hold to his own opinions. 

the expiration of which time he was discharged never cherishing any hostility toward those who 

differed from him. His honorable attention to 
the affairs which concerned himself and his willing- 
ness to allow his neighbors the same privilege added 
greatly to his popularity. His funeral, which was 
one of the largest ever known in the county, at- 
tested to the high respect in which this honest and 
hard-working man was held. 

Mr. Samuel Hendricks had in his wife a worthy 
and efficient helpmate, one who made it her aim in 
life to do good to all with whom she came in con- 
tact, and to make her home the happiest place on 
earth. She was horn in Nicholas County, Ivy.. 
September (1, 1826, and came with her parents to 

on account of physical disability, lb' was taken 
prisoner near Frankfort. Ky.. and experienced 
something of the prison life, although he was par- 
oled soon after his capture. 

abounds in a line class of farmers who have 
^ given to this section of the Prairie State 
an excellent reputation and have been of 
help in building its commercial and agricultural 

interests. To such the county owes a debt which Shelby County when quite young. Her father 

is not easily paid and they will leave to their pos- 
terity a heritage which will be their best possession. 
Our subject, who is such a citizen and who resides 
on section 29, Okaw Township, where his farm is 
there tributary to the city of Shelbyville, is the son 
of Samuel and Mary E. (Sconce) Hendricks, natives 
of North Carolina and Kentucky respectively. 

Samuel Hendricks came to Illinois when a young 
man and was married in Shelby County, and gave 
his entire attention to farming, until a few years 

died at the age of seventy-five and her mother 
survived until the venerable age of seventy-eight 
Their daughter was an earnest member of the 
Christian Church and a steadfast worker therein, 
her death, which occurred in 1881, was felt as a 
great blow not only to her home friends but also 
in the community. 

The subject of this sketch was born February 24, 
1859, and received in the common schools of Illi- 
nois the education which fitted him for life's work. 

previous to his death, when, feeling that he had Upon his father's farm he was thoroughly drilled 
done his share in the work of subduing the soil in the practice and theory of farming and under- 
and adding to the world's riches through its culti- 
vation, he retired from active life and made his 
home in Shelbyville, where he died in May. 1888, 
at the age of sixty-two years. His good wife 
passed from earth in 1881. lb' was born March 
25. 182(5. and early became a pioneer of Illinois. 

took that work as his business for life. He was 
married in 188(1 to l.uella Hardy, daughter of 
Thomas and Eliza Hardy. Like himself she is a 
native of Shelby County, and is now the mother 
of one bright and promising child, to whom they 
have Sfiven the name of Fail. Mr. Hendricks has 

coming with his parents to Shelby County in 1831, resided where he now lives since his marriage anil 
and thus spent the greater part of his life in this now has in his possession one hundred acres of fine 



PORTRAIT AM) B L K .\i.\ 1*1 1 K A I. RECORD. 


soil upon which lie has placed substantial and per- 
manent improvements. His political views have 
led hi in in affiliate with the Republican party and 
in its prosperity lie feels a keen interest. 

f olIN 1'. liHAlill A.M. Living the life of a 
retired farmer in the pretty village of Lov- 
inglon, Moultrie County, where lie has a neat 
and attractive hoine,o>ir subject lias reached 
that period of life at which he may be pardoned if 
lie exults in his good birth and parentage. In truth 
lie was well born and a native of the State that boasts 
-II many men who have attained great fame as states- 
men and orators. Almost contemporary with Jef- 
ferson, Lee, Harrison and many others of the men 
who have enriched the historical pages of their 
Matt- by valiant word and deed. John P. Brabham, 
early grew up with a keen appreciation of oratory 
and statesmanship, for did lie not in his earliest 
infancy breathe in the very atmosphere that created 

Our subject's father was John Brabham, who 
was born in Loudoun County. \ a. His mother 
was Mary Elizabeth Power,olso of Virginia. After 
their marriage they settled in Loudoun County 
and remained there for a long time. In 1835 they 
determined to strike out in a new direction and 
removed to Morgan County, Ohio, where they 
lived for some two orthree years. They next re- 
moved tn Washington County, Ohio, where the 
decease of both occurred. It is not remarkable that 
they did not accumulate much wealth for they had 
fourteen little mouths to feed. However, as time 
passed the little ones grew to manhood and wo- 
manhood, becoming independent and a source of 
material help and comfort to the parents. It is 
a somewhat remarkable fact, that of this large 
family all reached maturity and had families of 
their own. The first break in the home circle was 
caused by the death of the youngest child, a daugh- 
ter, who left two children. 

Our Subject was the fourth child in order of 
birth, first opening his eyes in Loudoun County, 
Va,, his natal day being on the 1 4th of April, 1818. 

With his father and family he went to Ohio when 
seventeen year- of age and continued under the 
home roof until his marriage, which event took 
place December 2-'i. 1840, in Washington County. 
Ohio, his bride being Miss Doshe E. Webster, a 
daughter of John and Mary ( Lurries) Webster, 
the former of whom died in Hardin County. 
Ohio. After the death of her husband, who was 
accidentally killed by the discharge of a rifle, Mrs. 
Webster returned to Washington County and there 
remained until her death. She had eight children 
of whom Mrs. Brabham was the third. Her birth 
took place in Morgan County. Ohio. July '1 1. 1824. 

After the marriage of the original of our sketch 
and his wife the young couple settled in Washing- 
ton County, Ohio, and there continued to live un- 
til 1867, when he sold out his farm and came to 
this State and county, settling in I. owe Township 
on section 17. On that place they continued to 
live until May. 1889, when he rented his farm and 
removed to Lovington, of which he has since been 
a resident. When a young man our subject learned 
the cooper's trade which hi 1 carried on in connec- 
tion with farming while he lived in Ohio, but since 
coming to the Prairie State he has devoted his 
whole attention to agricultural affairs. 

Mr. Brabham is the owner of two hundred and 
forty acres, all of which is well improved. The 
soil, which is of the best quality, has for yearsbeen 
well tilled and the buildings upon the place are 
substantia] and good. Mr. and Mrs. Brabham are 
the parents of live children: Diantha C. was Mist 
married to John Rigg, in Ohio, in 1864, and of 
that union three children were horn — Vesta. Nor- 
ton M. and Arthur E. For a number of years she 
made her home with her parents until in June. 
1XX4. when she again married, becoming the wife 
of James Jones, and two children have come to 
bless this union. Walter and Wilda (twin.-), the 
latter dying at the age of two years. Her two sons 
by her first marriage still reside with their grand- 
parents and brighten the homes and lives of the 
worthy couple. Of the remaining children of Mr. 
and Mrs. Brabham the following is recorded: Walter 
II. died when sixteen years of age, just OS the golden 
gate of manhood was opening before him and the 
prospects within its portal seemed so fair; Francis 



M. married Miss Rebecca Deeter; Leonidas died 
when a lad of eleven years; David G. married Miss 
Hattie Dougherty. 

In political affairs Mr. Brabham has taken a fairly 
active interest and is a Republican by preference. 
He has held the office of Justice of the Peace for n 
long time and lias also been School Trustee and 
School Director. Both he and his wife are mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal Church and have 
been so connected since 1N42. Nearlya half-cent- 
ury of church experience and social relationship is 
theirs, and they have followed the chanties which 
have taken place in the customs of their church 
with interest and attention. Our subject has tilled 
various offices in the church, and has been local 
preacher for years, also Superintendent of the Sun- 
day-school. Deacon and Class-Leader. His wife 
has been a constant and faithful companion in all 
his good words and works, and is a woman of 
beautiful Christian character, whose amiability of 
disposition, gentleness and kindly spirit, have ever 
been an example of good to those around her. 
Mr. Brabham was a lay delegate to the Methodist 
Episcopal Conference held in Bloomington in Sep- 
tember, 1891, and always strives in whatever posi- 
tion placed to advance the cause of religion so 
dear to his heart. 

A lithographic portrait of Mr. Brabham accom- 
panies this sketch. 

JOHN MOLL. The young gentleman whose 
history it is our pleasure to here chronicle. 
is a successful farmer and stock-raiser opera- 
ting a place on section 20, of Pickaway 
Township. The tract comprises two hundred and 
forty acres of good land, which is so well managed 
as to be the admiration of all who have the oppor- 
tunity of seeing it. Although a young man to 
have the care of so large a place he has controlled 
it for the past two years, having been engaged as 
a farmer in Flat Branch Township for the five 
years previous to his coming here. 

Our subject was born on the farm which he now 

occupies, his natal day being February 27. 1862, 
and he is the fourth child in the parental family. 
Ilis parents were Daniel and Caroline (Wolf) Moll. 
natives of Pennsylvania and Ohio, respectively, 
both of German ancestry. They were married in 
Ohio and at once came to Illinois, settling in Ridge 
Township about 1854. Later they came to Picka- 
way Township and purchased a small farm, a part 
of which is now covered by the old homestead. 
This was the nucleus of the handsome property 
that Mr. Moll subsequently acquired. The farm 
comprised nine hundred and forty acres, most of 
which is now highly improved. The dwelling is a 
large two-story brick house, of imposing style and 
well located, commanding a magnificent view of the 
surrounding country. 

Six farm dwellings which make good homes for 
the tenants and workmen about the place have 
been built on the land. The place has been brought 
to its present high tone chiefly by the efforts of 
Mr. Moll Sr., who is now retired from a life of ac- 
tive engagement in agriculture to a beautiful home 
in Moweaqua, where lie and his wife live in quiet 
retirement at the ages of three score years. They 
are active and well-known factors in Moweaqua 
where they hold a prominent social position. Their 
church relations are connected with those of the 
United Brethren Church, of which Mr. Moll is a 
member. They have live living children. 

The original of our sketch was reared on the 
farm which he now occupies. He received the ad- 
vantages of a good public school education and 
is well fitted for practical business life. He was 
married in this township May 4. 1884, to Miss Ida 
Bell Tolly, who. like himself, is a native of this 
township, where she was born September 8, L867. 
Here she was reared and educated. She is the 
daughter of Cornelius and Elizabeth (Goodwin) 
Tolly, who are now living at Moweaqua and are re- 
tired farmers. They are old settlers in the county 
and have been successful in a financial way. Mrs. 
Moll was well and carefully reared. She is a bright 
woman, having an unusual conversational talent, 
an attractive personality and charming manners. 
She is the proud mother of two children, in whose 
care and education she is deeply absorbed. 

Mr. and Mrs. Moll are members of the old-school 



Baptist Church of Flat Branch Township. Our 
subject is a Republican in his politics as is his fa- 
ther. IK is a member of the order of the Farmers' 
.Mutual Benefit Association. 

1 < (NATHAN PATTERSON, familiarly known 
throughout this part of the state as "Dock" 
Patterson, belongs to a family of Scotch 
origin, the grandfather of our subject hav- 
ing been a native of the Highlands of (Scotland, 
where he received thorough training and education 
and when a young man came with Gen. Lafayette 
to the United states, where he served as a soldier 
through the latter part of the Revolutionary War. 
lie afterward settled in Tennessee and there mar- 
ried his first wife, who died while in the prime of 
life in Marshall County. After her death Mr. Pal 
terson removed to Muhlenberg County, Ky., and 
there met and married his second wife and came 
to Illinois in 1828. His son, David, father of our 
subject, came to Illinois the -nine year, traveling 
overland with an ox-team and a horse, the horse 
being hitched in front of theoxen. They brought 
their household goods with them and after stopping 
lor a short time in Edgar County, continued their 
travels in the same way to Moultrie County, which 
they reached in March. 1833. After visiting in 
Shelby County they finally settled near Sullivan, 
this county, and here David Patterson, the father 
of our subject, began life as a pioneer in the wilds 
of the new country. He helped to lay out the 
present city of Sullivan and spent his last years 
here, dying in October, 1867. His wife survived 
him for two years and passed away at an advanced 
age. By her marriage to David Patterson she had 
four sons and three daughters, four of whom are 
still living. 

David Patterson, the father of our subject, was 
born in Tennessee in 1806 and he was yet a young 
man when hi- came to Illinois, and here he married 
Polly tlarbaugh, whose parents. Jacob and Nancy 
(Hill) Harbaugh, were of Pennsylvania Dutch stock 
and came from West Pittsburg, Pa., traveling down 

the Ohio River on a Hatboat, making the first set- 
tlement in Muhlenberg County. Ky. After the 
marriage of their daughter, Polly, with David Pat- 
terson, the family Came to Illinois and settled in 
what is now Moultrie Country in the year 1833, 
ami here Mr. and Mrs. Harbaugh spent their last 
yeai"S and died of old age. They were well-known 
and highly respected among the pioneers of this 

part of the State. 

After David Patterson and his wife settled in 
this county they took a farm and improved it and 
spent the remainder of their days here. Mr. Patter- 
son died while on a visit in Marshall County, Tenn., 
in October, 1866, but his remains were brought 
home and lie in the cemetery at Sullivan. His 
wife died in August, 1869. They were members 
of the Christian Church and personal friends of 
Dr. Alexander Campbell. Mr. Patterson was a 
prominent man in the Democratic ranks and for 
many years served as Justice of the Peace and 
School Commissioner for a long while. He was 
County Judge foi twelve years and helped to or- 
ganize the county and to get the hill through the 
Legislature, and also assisted in locating the county 

••Dock" Patterson was the first born of his 
parents, his natal day being October 1. 1827, and 
his native place being in Muhlenberg County-, Ky. 
lie was thus not quite a year old when his parents 
came to Edgar County, this Slate, and was yet a 
child when they continued their migration to this 
county. He received a log schoolhouse education 
and grew to manhood, taking up the occupation 
of a farmer and stock-raiser. For forty years back 
■he has been the favorite auctioneer at sales of stock 
all over the county, and indeed throughout this 
portion of the State. In 1*83 he came to Sullivan 
and bought a livery stable which he is now man- 
aging on North Main Street. 

Our subject was married in this county to Miss 
Julia A. Souther, who was horn in Kentucky, Octo- 
ber Id. 1829. She came north with her parents in 
the fall of 1833 and received her training and 
education in this county. She is a woman of un- 
usual ability, a faithful wife and affectionate mother. 
Of their seven children four are deceased, namely : 
John, Marv. William A. and Charles II.. while those 



who remain in this life are, Sarah, the wife of Mack 
I). Philhower, a conductor on the Sante Fe Rail- 
road, residing in Pekin, 111., and Nancy and Katie 
who are at home with their parents. The positions 
of Deputy sheriff and Constable have for nine 
years been filled by Mr. Patterson and lie has 
also been Township Collector. His political views 
ally him with the Democracy and he is a member 
of the lUne Lodge of Masons, at Sullivan. Both 
he and his lovely wife are identified with the 
Christian Church in which he has served as Deacon. 

~<t ? 


ELLSWORTH FOSTER was born in Picka- 
way Township, Shelby County. December 
_- r :>.'!. 1863. his birthplace being the farm that 
he is now so successfully managing, and he lias 
taken his place among the manly, independent, 
wide-awake young fanners and stock-raisers who 
within recent years have stepped forward to help 
carry on the great agricultural interests of this 
county so well developed by their pioneer sires. 

Our subject i- a son of John Foster, an old and 
well-known citizen of this county, now living in 
honorable retirement at Shelbyville. He in turn 
was the son of another John Foster, both being na- 
tive- of Yorkshire, England. In 1843 the grand- 
father of our subject left his early English home 
to seek another in this country, bringing with him 
his wife and six children. The family set sail from 

Liver] 1 on the good ship Glasgow, and after a 

voyage of six weeks and four days, landed at New 
York, and proceeded directly to Ohio, journeying 
by the Hudson River to Albany, thence by Erie 
(anal to Buffalo, from there on the lake to Cleve- 
land. Ohio, and then by canal to Madison County. 
in the same State. 

In 1849 the elder John Foster brought his fam- 
ily to Shelby County, and was one of the first set- 
tlers on the prairie of Todd's Point Township, but 
few pioneers having preceded him to that locality, 
and they had selected homes in the timber. The 
country was mostly in its primitive condition, with 
deer and other kinds of wild game plentiful. Mr. 
Foster entered a tract of Government land, and 

building at once, devoted his time afterward to 

stock-raising and general farming until his life was 
rounded out by death at a ripe age. His wife also 
died on the home farm in Todd's Point Township. 
In her maiden days she bore the name of Ellen 
Atkinson. She was a Dative of Yorkshire. Eng- 
land, and a daughter of Thomas Atkinson. She 
rial rd 'six children, named as follows: Joseph, 
Mary. John. Alice, Thomas and James. 

The father of our subject was a lad of thirteen 
years when he came to America with his parents, 
brothers and sisters, and still has a vivid remem- 
brance of his boyhood's home and of the pioneer 
life that the family was obliged to lead after com- 
ing to this country in the newly settled regions 
where they located in Ohio and this State. He was 
bred to the life of a farmer, and resided under the 
parental roof until his marriage. He then engaged 
in fanning in Todd's Point Township a few years. 
His next venture was to buy one hundred and 
twenty acres of prairie in Pickaway Township. He 
busied himself in the years that followed in the im- 
provement of his place, erccting:i substantial set of 
frame buildings, putting the land under admirable 
tillage, and greatly adding to the attractiveness 
and value of the farm by planting fruit and shade 
trees. In 1889 Mr. Foster yielded the management 
of his farm to the competent hands of his son Ells- 
worth, and retired from active labor to a plea-ant 
home at Shelbyville, which he then purchased. 

John Foster took Rachel Dobson as his wife in 
1848. and for more than forty years they have 
shared life's joys and sorrow- together. Mrs. Fos- 
ter was born in Westmorelandshire, England, and 
is a daughter of John and Jane (Clark) Dobson. 
who were also native- of that shire, and came to 
America about 1836. They settled among the pio- 
neers of Stark County. Ohio, and there spent their 
remaining days. Both Mr. and Mrs. .Foster are 
sincere members of the Presbyterian Church, and 
are people of high principle and character. They 
are the parents of six children, namely : Ann Ame- 
lia, J. Williams, Wesley T., J. Ell-worth. Norman 
II. and Jennie. 

Ellsworth Foster grew to man's estate in the 
home of his birth, and was educated in the local 
public schools. He was an active, sturdy, self-re- 


26 l 

iiant littli' lad, and even when very young was of 
much assistance on the farm, and early acquired a 
thorough familiarity with agricultural pursuits. 
IK' lived with hi- parents until his marriage, and 
then they removed to town and he took charge of 
the farm. Ilr i- managing it judiciously and with 
good results, and has already acquired a good repu- 
tation for his skill and practicality in carrying on 
farming after the most approved modern methods. 
He is Straightforward and candid in his dealing-, 
stands well financially, and his pleasant social qual- 
ities make him popular with his associates, lie is 
an active memher of William lVmi (amp. M. W. 
A. He holds sound and sensible views in regard 
to politic-, and is a true Republican. 

To the lady who presides so pleasantly and gra- 
ciously over his home, and co-operates witk him in 
extending its hospitalities to friends or strangers 
who may happen beneath its roof, our subject was 
married in 1889. One child, whom they have 
named Faith, completes their household. Mrs. Fos- 
ter was formerly Edith Noon, is a native of Wau- 
kesha County. Wis., and a daughter of .lames and 
Hannah (Fear) Noon, an extended sketch of whom 
appears elsewhere. Mrs. Foster is a lady of culture, 
and in her the Unitarian Church has a valuable 
member, who is active in its every good work. 

•{• ss-hs;* 

X APT. HENRY 1.. HART, who won mili- 
tary honors during the Civil War as an 
officer of au Illinois regiment, is a promi- 
nent citizen of Shelly ville. Shelby County, where 
he has for some time conducted business as a fui 
niture dealer, and he has also been a conspicuous 
figure in the municipal government, lie was Horn 
in Fairfield County. Ohio. October 20, 1*:S7. a son 
of Barn hart Hart, who was horn in Pennsylvania 
in February, 1812. 

The grandparents of our subject removed from 
Pennsylvania to the Buckeye State during the 
first quarter of this century, and were among the 
early pioneers of Fairfield County, where they 
both died soon after they located in its primeval 

wilds. Their son Barnhart was vcr\ -mall when 
lie was thus orphaned, and he early had to work 
for a livelihood. At the age of fourteen he was 
hound as an apprentice to Mr. Beck, a blacksmith, 
of Lancaster, ami served with him seven years to 
learn the trade, receiving his hoard and clothes in 
repayment for his assistance. At the expiration of 
that time he did journey work forawhile. and then 
opened a smithy in the village of Jefferson, and 
carried on business in his line in that place until 
1851. In that year he bought a farm in Violet 
Township, and has since devoted his time to farm- 
ing, being one of the prosperous, well-to-do farm- 
er- of his neighborhood. In early manhood he 
took unto himself a wife, whose name prior to their 
marriage was Mary Wooster, and she was horn in 
Germany in 1812. The following are the names 
of the eight children that this worthy couple reared 
to maturity: Francis ('.. Henry L., Anna M.. 
Charles. John, Elizabeth, Susan A. and Irvin M. 
John, who was a memher of Company K. One 
Hundred and Fourteenth Ohio Infantry, died op- 
posite Yieksburg while bravely fighting for his 

In the county of his nativity he of whom these 
lines are written grew to man's estate, and in its 
schools he gained a good practical education, lie 
remained with his parents until his twenty-second 
year, affording his father valuable help on his farm, 
and he then came to this county, lie was em- 
ployed in farming here until 1861, and then the 
restless spirit of adventure and the prospects of 
gain sent him to the gold fields in the Rocky 
Mountains. In company with others, he started 
in the month of March on the long and tedious 
journey across the plains, going with a team to St. 
Louis, and there embarking team and all on a river 
steamer bound for Atchison. Kan., whence thev 
proceeded across the prairies to their destination. 
At that time buffaloes were plenty on the plains, 
and Indians, who were sometimes hostile, had full 
sway. Denver, which was then in its infancy, had 
a population of lint three or four hundred people. 

Our subject engaged in mining until fall, then 
returned to this county with the proceeds of his 
labors. In the month of December he volunteered 
for service in the Union Army, having determined 



to join his patriotic fellow-countrymen Rt the front 
in help defend the stars and stripes. His name 
was enrolled as a member of Company II. Fifty- 
fourth Illinois Infantry, and he went Smith with 
his regiment. In all its campaigns, marches and 
battles, he was an active- participant, and on all 
occasions displayed true valor, coolness in danger, 
and promptness in action that mark the genuine 
soldier, which traits finally won for him deserved 
promotion from the ranks to the position of First 
Lieutenant, his commission being received in 1864. 
From that time he had command of his company, 
although he was not appointed its Captain until 
February, 1865. Mis men fought well under the 
inspiration of his leadership, and did their part 
bravely in every battle in which they met the 
enemy, continuing in the service until after the 
close of the war. when they and their gallant Cap- 
tain were honorably discharged. 

After leaving the army Capt. Hart returned to 
Shelbyville, and for some years was engaged here 
in the grocery business until failing health obliged 
him tn wind up his affairs and take a much needed 
rest. After selling out. he spent one year in the 
South and in his native State, and lie then came 
hack to Shelbyville. He was employed as a clerk 
until 1885, and then established himself in his 
present business, in which he has been eminently 
successful. lie lias a large and well-appointed 
store, stocked with a full line of furniture and 
house furnishing goods, our subject making it a 
point to carry every article used in the fitting up 
of a modern home demanded by the needs and 
tastes of his many customers. 

In 1866 Capt. Hart was united in marriage to 
Miss Isabella Fishbaugh, a native of Ohio, and a 
daughter of Mordecai and Isabella Fishbaugh. Their 
wedded life has been one of mutual felicity, and 
has brought them four sons — Francis ( '.. Lewis II.. 
William R. and Walter E. 

The Captain is a man of sound business princi- 
ples, is prompt in his dealings and methodical in 
the management of his affairs. Hi- fellow-citizens, 
recognizing these facts, and knowing their value in 
a civic official, at i ne time called him to the head 
of the municipal government, and for four years 
he served with distinction asMayorof Shelbi ville. 

He is a true Democrat in 1 1 is- politics, and in his 
religious faith a linn Presbyterian, both In- and his 
wife being active members of the church of that 
denomination in this city. 




OIIX N. STORM belongs to an energetic, 
enterprising family of whom the young 
men early started out ill life for themselves. 
Our subject is a general merchant in the 
village of Strashurg. and being thoroughly ac- 
quainted in the surrounding country, he has the 
advantage in both buying and selling. He of whom 
we write is a son of Hiram .1. Storm, who was born 
in Ash Grove Township, Shelby County, this State. 
His mother was Harriet Rankin, who was born in 
llii; Spring Township. Our subject's parents after 
marriage settled in Ash Grove Township. The 
mother died while her boys were young, passing 
away in 18(;,s. The father is still living and is 
employed as a farmer in Big Spring Township. 
They were the parents of seven children and of 
these our subject is the fourth in order of birth. 
He was born in Ash Grove Township. Shelby 
County, this State. January 13. 1858, and was 
reared chiefly in Big Spring Township, remaining 
with his father until he was eighteen years old, 
when he came to Strashurg and was engaged in 
wagon making and repairing, and was thus occu- 
pied for about two years. He then went into the 
saloon business but continued in this only a shorl 
time and then engaged in the general mercantile 


The original of our sketch carries a good and 
well-assorted stock of merchandise and enjoys a 
good trade. He has filled several local offices. lie 
has been both village and township (unstable. 
Justice of the Peace. Village Trustee and School 
Treasurer. He is a member of the Masonic frater- 
nity. .Mr. Storm's marriage look place in Richland 
Township. His wife's maiden name was Anna 1!. 
Martin. She was a daughter of Jacob Martin, who 
died in Richland Township. She was born in Indiana. 
They are the parents of five children, three of whom 
onlv are living. Their names are Merton R., Or- 



villi- and Ivy. Two died when very young. .Mr. 
Storm affiliates with the Democratic party. 

Our subject is a man who has a great deal of 
executive ability, and whose business dealings are 
(iii :iu extensive plane. He is engaged quite exten- 
sively in addition to his local business, in shipping 
eggs and poultry to tin- New York markets. 



I ARTIN L. L()\VK. Among the success- 
ful business men of Sullivan, Moultrie 
County, we are pleased to mention the 
name which appears at the head of this 
paragraph — the name of a prosperous dealer in 
horses and the head of a livery stable and who also 
deals in all kinds of farming implements and vehi- 
cles, lie keeps a line line of turnouts and horses 
at his place, which is well equipped and where he 
has been conducting business since October, \XH'.). 
Near the city of Sullivan he also has a good farm. 
Owning about four hundred and til'ty-two acres in 
this township and in East Nelson Township, and 
also has one hundred and sixty acres in Douglas 
County. His large property is stocked with about 
one hundred head of line cattle and some fifty 
head of horses and he has among them some fine 
animals of good grades. 

Mr. Lowe bears the reputation of being an ex- 
cellent business man and a "thoroughly good fel- 
low." and he is well and favorably known to the 
people of Sullivan in and near which city he has 
lived for twelve years. His native home was in 
Harrison County. W. Va.. where lie was born in 
ltfoK. He is the son of John B. I. owe. a native of 
Virginia who was a farmer by occupation and died 
in Harrison County in 1*7(1 at the age of seventy- 
live years, lie was the son of Old Dominion par- 
ents and our subject was yet quite young at the 
time of his father's decease. His mother, whose 
maiden name was Susan Robinson, died some years 
before. She was during most of her life a member 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church and came of 
excellent Virginian stock. 

Although bereaved of his parents in his youth. 
Martin Lowe was given an excellent education. 

lie was one of a numerous family, five of whom 
are yet living. He was early thrown upon his own 
resources and became independent and so more 
quickly fitted for supporting himself and a family. 
He was married in Harrison County. W. Va., to 
Miss Elizabeth K. Higginbotham, who was born in 
that county and came of an old established family. 
George Higginbotham. her father, is now living at 
an advanced age in Clarksburg, \V. Va., and was 
bereaved of his wife, whose maiden name was 
Lydia Griffin, in 1*7!). 

Mrs. Lowe, the wife of our subject, was one of a 
family of five children who received the best ad- 
vantages in an educational line and she shows 
marks of the culture which was bestowed upon 
her in her youth, for she is a woman of unusual 
ability and intelligence, is a true wife and a faith- 
ful mother and is bringing up her three lovely 
children — Omar. Georgie and Lulu — in the fear 
and admonition of the Lord. She is an earnest 
and conscientious member of the Methodist Church 
and a valued worker in every good effort. The 
political doctrines which receive the endorsement 
of Mr. Lowe are those which are found in (he 
declarations of the Democratic party. 



OHN N. LENOX. Born of parents who are 
conspicuous for the superior mental power 
that they possessed and which gave them. 
wherever they resided, a prominent position 
in the community, our subject was early trained in 
a direction of which comparatively few men have 
more than the suggestion of the true status of the 
position. Had he lived a little earlier or a little 
later doubtless our subject 's father would have been 
a confrere with Patrick Henry or with Abraham 
Lincoln. A Virginian, as was the lirst named, he 
possessed all the lire and ardor of the Southern 
orators, and was an effective speaker on political 
occasions. As it was. Mr. Lenox. Sr.. was repre- 
sentative of the best thought and policy in his 
part of the country and was advanced to many 
prominent positions which were unsought hv him. 
John Lenox, the father of our subject, was born 



in Virginia ami early learned the fiery speeches of 
the Revolutionary heroes. His wife was in her 
maiden day- a Miss Nancy Mellinger. At an early 
day they settled in Shelby County, Ohio, and there 
they died. Although the old gentleman was a 
farmer by occupation he was ever involved in pub- 
lic affairs. His ability in legislative matter- was 
such a? to inevitably bring him to the front He 
was County Judge of shelly County. Ohio, and 
served in the state Legislature for one term. The 
home life was such as to make therhildren thought- 
ful and to develop in them a liking for public 
affairs as well as a knowledge of Parliamentary 
rules. The family comprised eight children and of 
these our subject was fourth in order of birth. He 
wa- horn iu Shelby County. Ohio. December 2."). 
1825, and was reared to an agricultural life. 

John Lenox, sr.. was married December 28, 1848, 
to Rachael -lane Arbuckle, in their native county in 
Ohio. She wa- a daughter of Robert and Leatha 
(Harn) Arbuckle, both of whom were native- of 
.Maryland, where they grew U]> and were married 
and welcomed their little daughter Leatha. who 
was but two years of age when they removed to 
Ohio and settled in Shelby County, where they 
died. Mrs. Lenox, our subject's wife, wa.- born 
near Hagerstown. Md.. January 20, 1829. Af- 
ter their marriage they settled in Shelby County, 
Ohio, where Mr. Lenox wa- engaged in farming 
and stock-raising. 

In March. 1854. the original of our -ketch re- 
moved from his home in Ohio to Shelby County, 
this state, and in the following December settled 
upon the farm on section 16, where he now lives. 
They have a beautiful home pleasantly located and 
surrounded with tine shade trees, and in the fruit 
season one may regale one-elf with the choicest 
varieties of the fruits common to this latitude. 
The home ha- always been the center ami the meet- 
ing place for the most cultivated people of the 
vicinity, who are sure of finding in thegenial host. 
an enthusiastic and pleasing talker and a kiirrlly 
sympathetic listener. 

Mr. and Mrs. Lenox are the parents of four 
children whose names are. Zeru L. A.: Wallace \\\: 
Leatha C. and John M. The eldest daughter is 
the wife of William 11. Shaw, who is ex-Sheriff of 

Shelby County. Wallace W. i- a farmer and -lock- 
dealer in Richmond Township, and a progressive 
and thoroughly business young man. Leatha C. 
i- the wife of John M. Sargeant John X. i- a res- 
ident in St. Louis. Mo. He of whom we write has 
always been engaged in agricultural pursuits and 
in stock dealing which he v has found to he very- 
profitable, lie i- the owner of three hundred and 
twenty acres of finely improved land upon which 
he has made many valuable improvements. 

In poUtics our subject is a Republican, using his 
influence in favor of the party which is dear to 
him by principle and by association with the mem- 
ories of hi- younger days. Mr. Lenox has ever 
been a generous contributor to the up-building of 
churches and the support of the Gospel, and in- 
deed, every progressive measure has received Ids 
encouragement and aid. 

OAH SYFERT. This gentleman i> at the 
head of a large family of which he may 
1 /_ well he proud, a- the younger members 
show every mark of mowing up into as useful 
members of society as the parents and older child- 
ren proved themselves. The father of this gentle- 
man, < Jeorge Syfert, was horn in Pennsylvania, and 
passed away from earth in Fairfield County, Ohio. 
He had the useful trade of a shoemaker but de- 
voted himself mostly to agriculture. Hi- worthy 
wife, who bore the maiden name of Mary Oberly, 
was a native of Pennsylvania, who also died in 
Fairfield County, Ohio. This place was also the 
native county of our subject, who was horn 
Xoveinbe.1' 13, 1823, being one of a family of ten 

After heiiiir reared to manhood young Syfert re- 
sided for a number of years in his native home 
and then removed to Allen C ounty. the same state 
and lived there for thirteen years, before coming 
to Shelly County, 111. Here he made his home in 
Ridge Township, in January. 1867 and has been a 
permanent resident IIi> marriage had taken place 
in Ohio. August 2, 1849, his bride heintr Catherine 
Fiiesncr. who was horn in Fairfield County. Sept- 




ember 12,1831. This day was the beginning of a long 
life of domestic happiness and prosperity, and this 
union brought to the happy couple fifteen children ; 
John W. married Emma Askins; Franklin P. took 
t<i wife Anna Shumaker; Eliza A. is tin- wife of 
Edward McDonald; William B. married Elizabeth 
Yantis; Andrew J. was married to Emma Stivison, 
Sarah A. is the wife of William Fritz of whom our 
leader will find a sketeh in ihi> book; Lodema E. 
is the wife of .John Turner; Catherine R. became 
the wife of Newton Lupton; Lillie 15. i> unmanned; 
Lun C. married George Padgett ami the remaining 
children are Ida K.. Edward M. and Oliver s. Two 
little ones, ( ieorge 1 1, and Emma J. died in infancy. 
Agricultural pursuits have absorbed the time 
and attention of Mr. Syfert, and in them he has 
achieved success, lie has erected good buildings 
upon his farm and i> the owner of one hundred 
and fifty-six acres, lie has served educational in- 
terests as a member of the School Hoard and is an 
earnest and conscientious member of the society 
known a- the C'hurchof God. In political matters, 
he i- untrammeled by parties, and casts his vote for 
men and measures which are upheld by his own 

< jfclLLIAM A. SMITH. M. I). One of the 
\ / older men and physicians in Lovington, 

»V Dr. Smith belongs to a family that have 
experienced pioneer life in its many interesting, 
a- well as trying aspects. Hi- father was Nicholas 

C. smith, who was horn in Halt i more. Md.. in 1 7s 1. 
From there he went to Westmoreland County. Pa., 
at an early age, and while there he learned the car- 
penter's trade and on the breaking out of the 
Patriot's War in 1812, he enlisted in the regulai 
army for five years, and alter the Wattle of Lake 
Erie he was transferred to the Western frontier, 
lie was one of the first of fifty white men who 

ever set foot in Rock Island and assisted in erect- 
ing the Block House in that place and afterward 
erected another at Prairie du Chien. Wis. After 
hi- time of enlistment had expired he returned and 
settled in Davis County, Ind.. where he was mar- 

ried late in the year 1S2:>. to Mi-- Margaret Boos. 
who was bom near Wheeling, W. Ya.. and was (if 
Swiss and German ancestry. 

After the marriage of our subject's parents they 
lived in Davis Country, until the winter of 
1830-31, when they removed to Parke County. 
Ind.. and there continued to reside until the win- 
ter of 1836-37. 'They then removed to Mont- 
gomery County. Ind.. at which place the father of 
the family died in the winter of IS LI. Our 
subject's mother died in 'Tippecanoe County. Ind.. 
about 18(i2. They were the parents of four sons 
and five daughters, our subject being the eldest of 
the family. He was horn in Davis County, Ind., 
September 24. 1S2.">. 

I'p to the age of twenty. Dr. Smith made his 
home under the parental roof. At that age he went 
to Tippecanoe County. Ind.. and August Hi. 1846, 
he enlisted in Company K. in the regiment of 
Mounted Pities and served through the Mexican 
War. At the end of the war he returned to Tip- 
pecanoe County and entered the employ of a 
gentleman by the name of Black who was engaged 
in the tanning business. 'Tint- occupied he con- 
tinued there until the spring of 1849, when, July 
3. he was married in Clinton County, Ind.. to Mi- 
Sarah A. stinson. who was horn in Ohio, September 
in. 1839. 'They settled in Tippecanoe County and 
there they continued to live until the spring of 
I860, when the Doctor came to Sidney, Champaign 
County, this state. 

Long having had a taste for medicine, but never 
having had an opportunity to gratify his inclina- 
tion in that direction, in the winter of 1849, he 
embraced a chance which offered itself to begin 
reading medicine under Dr. Moses Baker, and con- 
tinued with him until 1857. At that time he at- 
tended a course of lectures at the Push Medical 
College in Chicago, remaining in that city during 
the winter of 1857-58. In the spring of 1858 he 
entered upon the practice of his profession at 
Odells Comers, in 'Tippecanoe County. Ind.. re- 
maining there until the spring of I860, "hen he 
went to Sidney. Here he remained for one year 
hut in the spring of 1861, removed to Newman. 
Douglas County, this state, and practiced there 
until 1878, with the exception of one year ( 1873) 



which he passer] at Kansas Station, this State, [n 
1878. he removed to Ellis. Ellis County, Kan., and 
there made his home for two years, but Indiana 
re-asserting her old claim over hi> affection and 
loyalty, he returned and settled in Parke County. 
Hi- remained in that county until 1885 when he 
came to Lovington, making his advent here in 
April of tin- last named year. Being one of the 
older practitioners, he here enjoys a confidence and 
regard that many of the younger men could 
hardly expect to have attained so soon, however 
aide and worthy they may be. 

Dr. Smith is the father of six living' children 
whose names are respectively James t '.. Alice, 
Moses I!.. Anna G., Emma E. and Eva. The eldest 
son is a railroad man being engaged as a conductor 
on a railroad in Kansas. Alice is the wife of I>. O. 
Bills; Moses B. is also a railroad conductor; Emma 
E. is the wife of Walter Liston of Decatur, this 
State, while Anna G. and Eva —Till complete the 
family circle and give a tone of freshness and 
youth to the social circle that would otherwise he 
marked by the sedateness of advanced years. One 
child was taken away from them in girlhood. 
Julia C. was but fifteen years ,,]' age when she died 
and her decease was a great Mow to her parents 
and friends for she was at the loveliest period of 
budding womanhood, and promised to be a woman 
of whom her parents might well lie proud. 

Mrs. Smith isa memberof the Methodist Episco- 
pal Church and has been so connected for many 
years. The Doctor is liberal in his religious belief, 
lb- has for many years been a Mason, having been 
so made in Laruramie Lodge. Tippecanoe County. 
Ind.. in 1849. He was conspicuously engaged in 
the Mexican War. during which he took part in all 
the engagements under Gen. Scott from the land- 
ing of Vera Cruz to the capture of the City of 
Mexico, at which his company was the first to 
enter the gates of the city after its capture on the 
morning of September 14. 1*47. After having 
performed heroic service his regiment was dis- 
charged by special Act of Congress August 2*. 

While in Ellis County. Kan.. Dr. Smith met with 
serious reverses on account of failure of crops. He 
had invested much of his money in a tract of 

land, but having sustained such heavy losses in 
other directions lie was compelled to dispose of his 
land at a great sacrifice. In spite of the fact that 
he had at this time passed his youth, he set about 
retrieving his losses and with an indomitable will 
and energy succeeded in a great degree in so doing, 
lie i- now in the possession of a good practice in 
Lovington and is much loved among the people of 
that place. 

In connection with this sketch a lithographic 
portrait of Dr. Smith is presented to our readers. 


in business, political and church circles, as 
'Jj^' a public-spirited and enterprising man. 
who does his full share in forwarding every move- 
ment to enhance the best interest of his town and 
county, we may well count the gentleman whose 
name appears at the head of this paragraph, lit- 
is now a dealer in drugs, wall paper, toilet articles. 
etc.. in Oconee. Shelby County, and was born 
March 3. 1842. in Baltimore. Md. 

John and Catherine (Fisher) Aughinbaugh. the 
parents of our subject, were natives respectively of 
Pennsylvania and Baltimore, and reared a tine fam- 
ily of three sons and four daughters: Amelia was 
the wife of John Caldwell, and died in Litchfield. 
111.; Annie is the widow of William McEwen, and 
also resides in Litchfield; our subject is the third 
in age. and his next brother. Levi, resides at Ilush- 
ii ell. 111., where he is engaged in business as a com- 
mercial traveler; Catherine, who is the wife of John 
Cress, went to the far distant West, and is making 
her home at Portland. Ore.: John, who is married, 
resides at St. Louis. Mo., where he is engaged as a 
compositor in the office of the Republican; Susan, 
wife of William Davis, makes her home at Litch- 

He of whom we write was educated at Hillsboro, 
I1L, having come to that city with his parents in 
the year l855,from Huntsville, Ala., to which they 
had previously removed from Baltimore. After 
the family had been living in this State for about 
eight years, the mother died in 1863 in Macoupin 



County, but the father who survived and married 
again, is living with «mr subject :it Oconee. 

Our subject served for two years during the Civil 
War in the Quartermaster's Department, being as- 
signed to duty with the armies of the Tennessee 
and the ( 'umberland respectively, being in the Post 
Department in both these connections. After the 
close of the war he returned to Hillshoro. and en- 
gaged in mercantile business, continued in that line 
successfully until 1867, when he sold out and re- 
moved to Oconee, this county. Here he again took 
up the mercantile business and continued in it for 
about six years. 

William II. Aughinbaugh and .Miss Sail ic U. Wil- 
mot were united in the sacred bonds of matrimony, 
in September, 1*70. This lady was horn in Chris- 
tian County. 111., and her wedded life began with 
a prospect of great happiness, but it was cut short 
by her decline in health, and she died of consump- 
tion in 1873, leaving two little children to mourn 
a mother's love and care. In January, 1H77. our 
subject was married to his second wife. Miss Mollie 
1. Wilmot. a sister of the first Mrs. Aughinbaugh, 
and a native of the same place, where she was horn 
in January, 1860. Two children were horn of the 
second marriage. The little ones who were left by 
Mrs. Sallie Aughinbaugh, Maud and Guy have both 
died. The children of the second wife are Arthur 
.1.. horn June 1. I879,and Bertha J., November 29, 
1 883. 

Our subject disposed of his mercantile interests 
some years ago, and about that time was elected 
Mayor of Oconee, to the duties of which ottiee he 
turned his attention, adding to it a business in col- 
lections, insurance and real estate, also loaning 
money ami buying paper. After nine years in this 
line of work, he turned his attention to the drug 
business in which he has continued for eleven years. 
His first official position was in the capacity of 
Clerk of Oconee, lie was then elected Mayor. 
serving in that office for eight years. Iii 1884 he 

was elected to the office of Supervisor of thistOWTl- 
-hip. a position of trust and responsibility, in which 
he has served in all some three years. 

Our subject belongs to the Masonic order, hav- 
ing been made a Mason in Mt. Moriah Lodge, No. 
">. at Hillshoro. 111., from which being demitted, he 

joined the Oconee Lodge, No. 392, where he served 

for twelve years as Master, and represented tin 1 
same in the Grand Lodge of this State for eight 
consecutive year.-. Afterward he served in this 
same capacity for two years, and is the present 
Representative for 1891. Mr. and Mrs. Aughin- 
baugh are worthy members of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church, where they arc active in every good 
work. This public-spirited and enterprising man 
is wide awake to tin- merits of the political situa- 
tion, and affiliates with the Democratic party. 


/ man who is widely known in Shelby County 
being a large and successful farmer and 
stockman who has done much toward introducing 
an improved grade of stock into this State and to the 
West generally, is he whose name is at the head of 
thi> sketch, lie is a progressive and public-spirited 
man whose tendencies are all towards an elevating 
influence, both in business relations and in his 
domestic life. Mr. McCluer resides on his fine 
farm on section K, of Rural Township. His home 
is one of the most pleasant places in the county and 
he has spared nothing that money could procure, 
to make it an ideal place of residence. He also 
owns land in section ;">. His residence in the county 
dates from 1865. 

The original of our sketch was horn in Darke 
County. Ohio, December 2!», 1829, and is a son of 
Nathaniel and Elizabeth (Wilt) McCluer both na- 
tives of Virginia and each of whom, with their 
respective families, removed to Ohio at an early 
day. Samuel McCluer, the grandfather of our 
subject settled in Darke County in 1812, and was 
one of the first settlers there. The maternal grand- 
parents of our subject, settled in the same county 
about 1814. They made their home in the midst 
of the forest, clearing out as time and opportunity 
permitted, a spate around the log cabin which con- 
stituted their home. 

Brought up as young people together, the par- 
ents of our subject early recognized an affinity and 
determined to make the journey of life together. 



Their marriage took place in Darke County, where 
they resided the remainder of their lives, upon the 
farm where they settled at an early day. The fa- 
ther lived to number four-score years. The mother 
passed away at the aye of sixty-six years. They 
were the parents of six children whose names are 
as follows: Melinda. Samuel, George, John, 
Catherine and our subject. .Melinda was twice 
married and died in her native State; Samuel re- 
sides in Darke County, Ohio, where his brother 
George died; John lives in Huntington County, 
Ind.; Catherine married and died in Southern Illi- 
nois. He of whom we write is the youngest of 
the family. He was reared on the farm and re- 
ceived his education in the district school. In IS(i). 
he enlisted in Company 1>. of One Hundred and 
Fifty-second Ohio Infantry, whose men enlisted for 
one hundred days, but who served for rive months. 
While they were not participants in any of the 
decisive battles, they took part in a number of 

In 1H65, Mr. McCluer was united in marriage to 
Melinda Almonrode. She was horn in Preble 
County, Ohio, September 20, 1*42, and was a 
daughter of John and Mary (Swane) Almonrode. 
Shortly after their marriage our subject and his 
bride came to this State and purchased two hun- 
dred acres, which was the nucleus of his present 
farm. At the time he settled here, his place was 
hut little improved, but lie took up the calling of 
farming with such vim. energy and intelligent 
management, that he is now the owner of nearly 
one thousand acres of land which is highly pro- 
ductive and which is dotted over with stock of the 
finest grade. He has been very successful in his 
agricultural career. 

Mrs. McCluer is an intelligent and capable 
woman. She presides over the beautiful home 
which her husband has made with an ease and 
dignity that only native refinement and courtesy 
can give. Although she is endowed with moie 
than ordinary ability, she has gladly given herself 
up to love's sweet servitude, her great pleasure 
being in insuring the domestic comfort of her hus- 
band and the rearing and educating of her chil- 
dren. She has sought to combine cultivation of 
mind and bodv, realizing that one with weak 

physical constitution and endowed with tine men- 
tal ['acidities has not the same chance in this 
world, whose motto seems to be the survival of the 
fittest, as one who is equally endowed with both a 
Strong physical and intellectual capacity. Two of 
the little ones were taken from their parents at a 
tender aye Four of the children are still living, 
and filled with vitality and brimming with the in- 
tensity for which American children are conspicu- 
ous, they are an interesting quartette. Their names 
are Elmer, John. Charlesand Rose E. The beauti- 
ful home within which the McCluer family live is 
surrounded by a large lawn which is kept of velvet 
smoothness by being frequently "one over with a 
lawn-mower. His home is handsomely furnished 
and the genial host and hostess hospitably entertain 
the many people who are attracted hither socially 
or by business. 



"it OHN S. EVEY. It is not necessary for the 
traveler to understand the details of farm 
life in order to determine the status of the 
owner of any particular tract of land. It is 
easy to form a conclusion from the general appear- 
ance of the property, the improvements that have 
been made upon it and the order or disorder that 
reigns supreme. No one looking at the farm of 
Mr. Evey on section 21, Tower Hill Township, 
would have the least doubt that its owner under- 
stands his business and is able to obtain good re- 
sults from tilling the soil. The farm consists of 
one hundred and eighty fertile acres, in whose 
pastures good stock is found, in the sheds modern 
machinery, and in the storehouses farm produce of 
excellent quality. About the dwelling are the 
manifestations of the refining hand of woman. 

Mr. Evey is a native of Maryland, born in 
Hagerstown. October 15, 1833. His father, whose 
given name was Henry, and his mother, whose 
maiden name was Rebecca Livers, were also born 
in Maryland. The parents removed to Shelby 
County, 111., about 1836, and located near Shelby- 
ville, where she died. After her decease the father 
came to Tower Hill Township and settled on 



section 21. where he died in 1865. Hewas a good 
citizen, an upright man and a devoted husband 

and father. Hi> family comprised three children, 
our subject being the eldest. 

When he was three years old our subject was 
brought by hi> parents to this county, where he 
grew to manhood on his father's farm. He was 
early initialed into the mysteries of farming and 
when he became a man he naturally chose agricul- 
ture as hir- life vocation. December 25, 1856 he 
was married in Tuner Hill Township to Mi>> Caro- 
line M. Jones, a native of Tennessee. This estim- 
able lady was brought by her parents to Indiana. 
whence, after her father's death, she came to Shelby 
County with a family named Li-ten. The congen- 
ial union of Mr. and Mrs. Evey has been blessed 
by the birth of >ix living children, viz: William E.. 
David H., Captolia, Hattie, Charles F. and John 
M. William E. is a farmer in Kansas; David II. 
i- a successful dentist at Monmouth. 111.: Captolia 
follow- the profession of teaching. 

A man of striking common sense, keen foresight 
and marked capability, Mr. Evey has Keen selected 
by his fellow-citizens as one well qualified to till 
public offices of importance. He formerly took an 
active part in politics and in his political affilia- 
tions i> independent, voting for the man whom he 
considers best fitted to serve the interests of the 
people. He has been Highway Commissioner sev- 
eral years, in which position he lias accomplished 
much for the good of the community. Socially, he 
is a member of the Ancient Order of United Work- 
men and the Farmer'- Mutual Benefit Association. 



UGH NELSON WALDEN. a well-known 
stock-raiser and farmer residing on section 
K/ 31, Windsor Township, Shelby County, was 

(£) born just a quarter of a mile south of his 
present residence. January 19, 1830. Hi- father. 
Hugh Walden.wa- a native of North Carolina, and 
his mother, whose maiden name was Mary Mont- 
gomery, wa- born in Kentucky. They both came 
to this State before marriage, and were united near 
Shawnee town, and became residi ntsof Illinois Ter- 

ritory in those earlj days prior to it- admission as 
a State. It was in 1827 that this young couple 
came to Shelby County, and settled in Richland 
Township, and there they -pent the remainder of 
their day-, the father being called hence in 1869, 
and the mother surviving him for ten years. 

Everj one of the live -on- and five daughters of 
this worthy couple lived to attain maturity, marry 
and establish families of their own. but eight of the 
ten have now passed away, seven of them dyingof 
that dire disease, consumption. The only surviv- 
ing brother of our subject is Leonard V.. the young- 
est of the family. He live- on the old homestead, 
which i> now a portion of his brother's large farm. 
Our subject ha- been twice married, his tir-t wife 
being Maria Davis, to whom he was united March 
17. 1853. Seven children were born of this mar- 
riage, of whom three an- now living — Mary M.. 
Nancy Ivy and Harlan, all of whom have grown to 
maturity and are living with their father. Their 
mother passed away March 6, 1874. Mr. Walden 
was married a second time. April 13, 1875, and was 
united at that time with Theoda 1). Ila/.en. who 
was born in Bridgeton, Me.. April 11. 1842. she is 
a daughter of John and Esther (Libbey) Hazen. 
Her father died in his native stale April 14. 1H77. 
and the mother still resides in Bridgeton. < inly one 
of her three sons and three daughters have passed 
away, and Mrs. Walden i> her eldest. By thismar- 
riage Mr. and Mr-. Walden have had three children, 
all of whom are deceased, two dying in infancy. 
Abbie Hazen, who wa- born October 2. 1*77. died 
March 12. 1890; she wa- a bright, beautiful girl of 
thirteen summers, whose place can never be tilled 
to her sorrowing parent-, and who was sincerely 
mourned h\ many admiring friends and playmates. 
Go to thy rest fair child. 

Go to thv dreamless bed 
While yet so gentle, undetiled. 
With blessings on thy head. 
Ere sin hath -eared thy breast, 

Or sorrow waked thy tear. 
Rise to thy throne of changeless rest 
In yon celestial sphere. 
If any man may be called a pioneer of Shelby 
County, Mr. Walden is pre-eminently one. as it has 
been his home for sixty-one year-, six hundred 
splendid acres constitute his farm in Windsor and 



Richland Townships, and upon them he lias excel- 
lent buildings and fine improvements, the whole 
estate being in fact an ideal country borne. Mr. 
Walden has always been a Democrat in his politi- 
cal views, and he says he expects to die a Democrat. 
He is a Universalist in his religious belief, although 
lie holds no church connection. His excellent wife 
joined the Cambridge Baptist Chinch in Massachu- 
setts, when she was only seventeen years of age. 
and she has ever maintained her membership with 
that organization. The township of Windsor has 
honored both itself and our subject by giving him 
at various times every office within its gift He 
served -even year- asSupervisor, ten years as High- 
way Commissioner, one term as Assessor, and 
School Director and Trustee for nine and ten year- 

KTlll'K G. LEE. The name at the head 
of this -ketch i- that of a man who enjoys 
to the utmost, the confidence of the people 
in the community in which he lives. This 
is shown by the fact that from among the best 
financial men in the place, he ha- Keen elected to 
the responsible position of President of the Com- 
mercial state Hank of Windsor. Shelby County. 
Our subject was 1 nun in Oshawa, Ontario, July 7. 
1865. He was reared on a farm until about four- 
teen years of age. and in the calm pursuits of agri- 
culture the mental fibre of his mind developed. 
Unrestrained by fine-spun theories, he saw life as it 
was and this practical view and keen insight into 
affairs has ever characterized his business dealings 
and has carried him on to the success which he so 
eminently merit-. 

Arthur Lee received the foundation of his edu- 
cation in the common schools of his native place 
after which he attended the High School from 
which he was graduated. He then began life for 
himself and was employed for a period of two 
years with steel Brothers & Company, merchants 
in Toronto. Canada, a- clerk. In 1886, he came to 
the States, and resided in Chicago untilJuly, 1889. 
He was employed as manager and had charge of 

the seed department for II. Sibley a- Co. In July, 
1889 he came to Windsor and organized the Com- 
mercial Hank, and November 14. of the same year 
it wa- re-organized a- a Commercial state Uank. 
under the State law. ( )n its first organization, he 
wa- Cashier of the hank and since it- re-organiza- 
tion under the State law. he has been it> President. 
Our subject's brother, Sidney .1. Lee. holds the 
position of Cashier in the hank. The institution 
transacts a good banking business, and i^- one that 
wa- greatly needed in the community, now afford- 
ing an opportunity for commercial exchange with 
much less trouble and expense than before it- or- 

The parents of our subject are George and Lucy 
(Curry) Lee. They were born in Canada. The 
father died a victim of typhi. id fever, October 9, 
1882, in Ontario. He was a tanner by occupation 
but had retired from the active pursuits of his 
calling at the time of his decease. They had three 
children, of whom our subject was the eldest. Mr. 
Lee wa.- married in Windsor June '.'. 1890 t<> Miss 
Minnie Shaffer, who is a native of this county and 
they have a very pleasant home located on the 
principal residence street in Windsor. His charm- 
ing young wife attracts the best social element of 
the place. They have one child, an infant son. 
Our subject, though yet less than thirty years of 
age; ha.- won the entire confidence of the commun- 
ity by his devotion to his business, and his broad- 
laid and carefully-executed plans. He i- a natural 
financier and has a peculiar faculty for seeing 
where investments can be made with the greatest 
prospects of large returns. In his political views. 
Mr. Lee favors the Democratic party. In his re- 
ligious views he is a Liberal. Socially, he of whom 
we write is a member of the Knights of Pythias. 
and has been a member of the Odd Fellow- since 
about 1886. He is one of the leading member's 
and occupies a prominent position. 

It is not out of place to say something of the 
ancestors of our subject at this point The lite of 
a good man who leave- an exemplary example is 
always worth reading. The paternal grandfather 
of our subject was George Lee. lie was drowned 
in the Straits of Belle Isle, being caught there in a 
field of ice. He was not addicted to the use of any 



form of intoxicants or tobacco and was a Metho- 
dist minister. Our subject's maternal grandfather 
was .lames Curry, who was also a Methodist clergy- 
man. He died at the aire of eighty-five years. 

-^~ + 

yELLIAM N. WOOD, a prominent farmer 
and stock-raiser residing' on section 17. 
Wy/ Sullivan Township, Moultrie County, is a 
native of Hardin County. Ky., where he was horn 
February 25. 1*17. His parents, X. II. and Eliza- 
beth (Lyon) Wood, were natives of Kentucky. 
They came to Illinois in 1852, bringing this son 
with them and located at Chariest own, Coles County. 
■ where they staid for two years, removing thence to 
Tuscola. Douglas Comity, where they remained 
until they passed from earth, the mother in Janu- 
ary, 1855, and the father in January, 18(>5. The 
family is of English origin, although the grand- 
parents of our subject were natives of Vermont, 
and became pioneers of Kentucky. Of their fam- 
ily our subject is the youngest of two sons'and four 

The household in which Mr. Wood was reared, 
consisted of the following children: Martha R», 
who became the wife of W. L. Parker, a jeweler of 
Kansas City, Mo.: Mary died at the age of twenty- 
three, in March. 1863. in Tuscola; James Stratton 
married Susanna Thompson, of Douglas County. 
and now resides in Carlisle. Ark. ; Sarah Jane is un- 
married anil resides at Lovington; William X.. and 
Elizabeth E., wife of J. M. Durbrow, is living in 
Champaign County. 

lleof whom we write attended the public schools 
near his home, and also took instruction at Lee's 
Academy in Stockton. 111. He taught school for 
two years before engaging in farming in Douglas 
County, and was married March 14. 1875. to Miss 
Margaret ('.. daughter of Peter and Mary Evans, 
who was born in Licking County. Ohio. October 25. 

Mrs. Wood is the youngest in a family of eight 
children, whose parents came to Illinois in 1856, 
and located in Moultrie County, where they both 
died, the father October 20, 1873, and the mother 

October 21. 1K7<>. Of this family only two are 
living: Mrs. Wood, and Annie who became the 
wife of Felix Weaver, and resides at Adrian, Mo., 
her husband being engaged in the stock and com- 
mission business at Kansas City. The Kvans fam- 
ily are of Weish and German ancestry. 

The farm where Mr. Wood now resides became 
the family home in the fall of 1875. One hundred 
acres of this land came to his wife by inheritance. 
and to it he has added by purchase until he has a 
fine tract of two hundred and thirty-live acres. 
upon which may be seen a tasteful and attractive 
home and capacious and commodious farm build- 
ings. Of their six children five are now living. 
their eldest daughter, Mary, who was born Septem- 
ber 1. 1876, being taken away March 1. 1K78. 
Those who are living, are: Elizabeth, bora October 
12. 1877; Norman II.. June 11. 1 s7'.»: Charles. 
May 5. 1881; Homer Howard. October 1:5. 1XM; 
Adeline. November 14. 1886. These children are 
all being thoroughly educated, but remain under 
the parental roof during their school days. Mr. 
Wood takes an interest in public affairs, and is a 
Democrat in politics, while his worthy wifeespouses 
the principles of the Republican party. He has 
held various offices in his township, and is a mem- 
ber of the Farmers' Mutual Benefit Association. 



... BSALOM PATTERSON. A number of the 

( @^j| | large landowners of Sullivan Township, 
Moultrie County, who have passed through 
hard struggles and by their industry and 
perseverance have attained the point where they 
may rest from labor, are retiring from business 
and m:iking their homes in Sullivan, than which 
no place is probably more delightful in which to 
seek comfort. Our subject, who is a retired farmer, 
came to the city from his farm in 1890, having 
been lor many years a stock buyer and shipper and 
still owns eleven hundred and forty acres in Sul- 
livan Township, most of which is improved, the 
remainder of it being well stocked ami used as 
pasture land. 

Mr. Patterson is a native of this township, being 



born here when it was known as a part of Shelby 
County, his aatal day being September 2K. 1^36. 
All of his fine estate was prairie bind when he took 
it and he lias himself brought it to its present 
splendid condition and lias been a successful man 
ill every endeavor of his life. 

David Patterson, the father of our subject^ came 
to this part of Illinois in 1833 after having lived 
for a few years in Edgar County. Later in life lie 
returned to his native home in Marshall County, 
Tenn., where he died in l*i>7 at the age of sixty 
years, being followed two years later by his wife. 
She was a native of Pennsylvania, Polly Harbaugh 
by name, and her parents belonged to that elass 
known as Pennsylvania Dutch. They removed to 
Kentucky and later to what is now Moultrie 
County, becoming pioneers and living here to a 
green old age. 

David Patterson and his wife were members of 
the Christian Church, and they were always suc- 
cessful in life. Mr. Patterson was a Democrat in 
his political views and at an early day under the 
old law he had been Associate County Judge and 
also held other local offices. Our subject is the fifth 
iu a family of seven children, four of whom arc 
yet living, are married, and reside in tins county. 
The first marriage of our subject united him with 
Naomi Henry, who died leaving him one child. 
Mary, who followed her to the spirit land within 
seven days. This young wife was a native of Shelby 
County and made her home in Illinois through 

The second marriage of Mr. Patterson took 
place in Moultrie County and gave to him as a 
companion Miss Matilda Souther who was born 
in this county and who also died while young. 
leaving one child. Carrie, who grew to be an at- 
tractive and beautiful young woman and married 
Klias Woodruff. She. like her mother, died during 
her early wedded life, passing away in the summer 
of 1890, leaving one daughter — Ethel byname. 
The present Mrs. Patterson was known in hei 
maidenhood as Miss Susie Ireland. She is a native 
of Kentucky and came when a young woman to 
Illinois where she met and married Mr. Patterson. 
She is the mother of four children, namely: Wesley, 
who took to wife Miss Flornev Wagoner, and lives 

upon a farm in Sullivan Township with his wife 
and two children — Montie and Ora; the three other 
children are still beneath the parental roof and 
bear the names of Gertie 15.. Levi L. and Louie (.. 
Mrs. Patterson is a member of the Christian Church 
of Sullivan and is an active and earnest promoter 
of all Christian work. Mr. Patterson has been three 
terms the Supervisor of Sullivan Township and has 
held other local offices. He takes a genuine inter- 
est in political movements, being a decided Demo- 
crat in his convictions and an earnest worker for 
the prosperity of his county. 

-) whose name heads this sketch, is the owner 
of a good farm located on section 33, Mo- 
weaqua Township. Shelby County, and a view of 
which is shown elsewhere in this volume, llecanie 
hither in 1K77. and has since been a resident in this 
place, giving the township the benefit of the im- 
provements that he has made, and of his own genial 
presence with that of his amiable family. Mr. Ruff- 
ner was born in Licking County, Ohio, October 1. 
1839. lie was only thirteen years of age when he 
went with his parents to Allen County, hid., where 
he remained for fourteen years. Later he came to 
this State and located in St. Clair County, where 
he was the proprietor of a farm for a period of five 
years. From there lie removed to Clinton County 
and five years later came to this county, where he 
has since lived. 

Our subject has always been engaged in agricul- 
tural work, his father before him having been a 
farmer. His father was Benjamin Ruffner, a native 
of Ohio, and a son of Benjamin and Ann (Ooff- 
nian ) Ruffner. both natives of Virginia. After 
marriage they removed to Ohio and settled in Fair- 
field County, which was at that time in a state of 
wild unbroken beauty, with virgin forests in which 
were found game of every description belonging 
to the latitude. As can be imagined, the country 
was then sparsely settled, and the educational ad- 
vantages were not what they now are. It was there 

-, ;- ■ 

— \'-¥ 

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fPU \ 



that their son Benjamin, Jr., was born, the father 
of our subject. There also our subject's grandfa- 
ther spent his last years, passing awai from this 
life while yd in middle ago. His wife survived 
him for -dine years and settled in Champaign 
County, where she died at the good old age of 
seventy-seven years. 

Benjamin Ruffner, lather of our subject, was one 
of fourteen children, of whom two are yet living. 
lie wa> educated a farmer, and one can imagine the 
social breaks in the monotony of pioneer farm life 
such as corn husking, barbecues, spelling school 
and singing matches. From among the maidens of 
the county in which he lived he chose his wife. 

who was before marriage a .Miss Mary Lamb, a na- 
tive of Ohio, whose parents were from Virginia 
like those of our subject. Her father was William 
Lamb, and her mother Catherine (t'upp) Lamb. 
They lived and died in Fairfield County, where 
they were well known as among the earliest and 
most respected pioneer settlers. They died full of 
vears and honor. They, like our subject's grand- 
parents, were members of the old school Baptist 
Church. Mr. Lamb served as a soldier in the War 
of 1812. There were ten children in this family. 
all of whom are living except our subject's mother. 
Mr. and Mrs. Lamb each lived to he over eighty 
years old. 

After their marriage, our subject's parents settled 
in Fairfield County. Ohio, where they remained 
until after the birth of their first child. They then 
removed to Licking County, there devoting them- 
selves to clearing up and improving a farm upon 
which they built a large brick house and laid out 
many valuable improvements. Later they removed 
their family, in February 1853, to Indiana, settling 
in Allen County, hnt afterward they returned to 
Ohio living for one year in Miami County. 

A spirit of unrest seemed to possess the family 
of Iiuffners. for after tin- many changes they had 
made in residence, they returned to St. Clair 
County, this Stati'. and a short time after located 
in Clinton County, where the father died at the 
age of sixty-six years. -His wife passed away at 
the home of her mhi> in this township and county, 
eight years later, in 1 ■-< 7 4 . She was at the time of 
her demise about seventy years of age She and 

her husband were devoted members of the l'.aptist 
The original of this sketch is the second in order 

of birth of eight children, six of whom are yet liv- 
ing, all having entered the marital relation with 
the exception id' one. Our subject reached his ma- 
jority in Allen County, hid., and when he made 
his advent into Illinois, he was still a single man. 
His first marriage look place in Kentucky, where 
he was united to Mis> Anna F. Coffman. She died 
in the prime of her life, after the birth of her first 
child, which also yielded its little life with that of 
its mother. She was only thirty-four years of age 
at the time of her death. 

Mr. Ruffner again married, inviting to be mis- 
trcss of his home Miss Mary .1. Ramsey. Their 
marriage was celebrated September 27. 1 .s.sjs. in 
Lancaster County, Pa., of which place the lady was 
a native, being there born August 30, 1842. she 
i> of Scotch and Dutch ancestry, llcr mother. 
whose maiden name was Lucy Gochnau, is yet liv- 
ing in her native town. The father. Samuel Ram- 
sey, died in Pennsylvania while in the meridian of 
life, lie also was a fanner. Mrs. Ruffner is a no- 
ble woman, having the best of qualities. She is 
kind, hospitable and sympathetic, and interested in 
all that interests her husband, to whom she is a 
great help. 


_ ! 


ACOlS V. KILL. Among the prominent 
agriculturists of Prairie Township, Shelby 
County. who have helped lo give this county 
its present proud position in the state is the 
gentleman whose name appears at the opening of 
this paragraph. His home is located upon section 
:i. is quite near to the village of Strasburg, and his 
settlement in the county dates from September t>. 
IS.") I. when he first purchased forty aero of land 
on Robinson Creek in Ridge Township. Here 111 
tilled the soil for two seasons and then removed to 
the region where he now lives, and purchased one 
hundred and ten acres of his present property on 
which at that time the principal improvements 
were a log cabin and the broken soil of a very few 



acres. He now owns about two hundred and thirty 
acres of land upon which are splendid improve- 
ments, and he has platted some additions to Stras- 
burg which he has sold off from his farm. A view 
<>f his pleasant homestead may be found elsewhere 
in this volume. 

Hocking County, uhio. was the native place of 
Mr. Kull. who was born January 31, 1836, being a 
son of Christopher F. and Johanna (Weidner) Kull. 
natives of Wurtemburg, Germany. In their native 
lend they had grown to manhood and womanhood, 
were united in marriage and one child was horn to 
them before leaving their Fatherland. In 1830 
they came to the United States and made their first 
short stop at Baltimore, Md., then went on to Ohio, 
settling on the prairie in Fairfield County. When 
the family arrived in the Buckeye state the father 
had *.~iii which he thought would be sufficient to 
keep them in frugal comfort until he could earn 
more, but the ague was then prevalent throughout 
that region, and the family being sick for some 
time the -"S'i 11 were spent for quinine. This dis- 
gusted Christopher Kull with prairie life and re- 
moving to Hocking County he settled among the 
hills and woods. His father, Jacob F. Kull. with 
his wife made his home there, also four sisters and 
a brother, Jacob F.. Jr., who died in Hocking' 

The father of our subject was fond of hunting 
and found plenty of game in that hilly region. 
As his health improved there he was well pleased 
witli Hocking County and made it his permanent 
home and reared a family of fourteen children, 
twelve of whom grew to maturity. They were: 
Magdalena, who married John Kireher and died 
in Shelly County; Christian who died in this 
county: Charles: our subject; Mary, wife of G. 
l'ieffer: Caroline, wife of John Ruff; Minnie, now 
Mrs. .1. F. Baur; Amelia, wife of Christ Bruney; 
Fmanuel. Adam: Matilda, wife of J. F. Mautz. and 
Julius. The parents of this large family came to 
Shelby County in 1865 and settled at Strausburg, 
where they remained until called hence by death. 

Jacob F. Kull was reared among the woods and 
hills of Hocking County and there grew up to a 
sturdy and intelligent manhood. In 1858 he decided 
to take to himself a wife and was married April 13. 

to Elizabeth Niller, who was born in Fairfield 
( 'minty. ( )hio. February 1*. 1839. She became the 
the mother of eight children and died in this 
county June 11. 1*77. The children who survive 
her are named as follows: Ferdinand J., Johanna 
A., wife of John Piefer; C. Louisa, wife of C. Mar- 
tin Rieger: Caroline Rosetta, wife of Charles Nipp; 
Matilda E. W".; William and Tobias. 

The second marriage of our subject took place 
February :!. 1*7*. he being then united with Cath- 
rine M. Clump who was horn in Fairfield County, 
Ohio, August l.">. 1857. Of their six children four 
are now living — Foseph B., John D., Caroline W. 
and Anna S. J. The religious belief of this family 
is in accord with the doctrines of the Lutheran 
Church with which they are connected, and the 
political views of Mr. Kull have led him to ally 
himself with the Democratic party. 

i FWIS BAUMGARTEN. The German-Amer- 

mT) iean citizen who has done so large a share 

J \ of leveling forests, breaking the soil and 

subduing wild prairies to a state of cultivation are 
among the most valuable and sturdy citizens of our 
country. They have proved themselves one of the 
essentia] element- in the building up of our country 
and to them we give the honor due to a class of 
men of integrity, industry and thrift. 

Our subject whose birth was across seas, reside- 
within the limits of the village of Stewardson and 
his residence in Shelby County dates from 186S. 
He was born in Germany, December 15,1827, being a 
son of Frederick and Elizabeth Baumgarten,the fam- 
ily came to this country in 1.S47. when this son was 
not yet of age and they settled in Sullivan County. 
Ohio, where the parents died, the mother at the 
age of seventy-six years and the father after he 
had reached the venerable age of eighty-five. 

Of the eight children of this worthy couple. 
Louise, the eldest, died in Germany, when about 
twent) years old. Following her came Lewis, our 
subject; Edward who reside- in Shelby County. 
Ohio: Rosa, now Mrs. Ilenrv Roegner who makes 



her home in Miami Couuty, Ohio; Thessa who mar- 
ried Conrad Uppermann and died in Pickaway, 
Ohio; Caroline afterward married Conrad Upper- 
liiann: Johanna became the wife of Frederick llum- 
iih'1 and resides in Decatur, Ala. and Frederick 
resides in Shelby County, Ohio. 

He of whom we write came to the United States 
with his lather'? family, and in 1856, he was uni- 
ted in marriage with Cony Brehm who was born 
December 23, 1838 in Baden, Germany, her parents 
being John A. and Margaret Brehm who brought 
their family to the United Mate- in 1846 and set- 
tled in Shelby County, Ohio. There the father 
died at the age of seventy-two years and there the 
mother is still living, having reached the age of 
seventy-nine years during the month of. Inly. 1891. 

The children of Mr. and Mrs. Brehm ali grew to 
maturity and were as follows: Frederick who died 
in Shelby County. Ohio; Catherine became the 
wife of Fred Madernsides anil lives in Hall 
County, Xeb.; tony, the wife of our subject; 
Margaret, married Lewis Neth and lives in Pick- 
away, Ohio; Barbara is the wifeof Andrew Madern- 
sides and lives in this county; Elizabeth married 
Antonia Augast and died in Shelby County, Ohio: 
Mary married Charles Buarnd, and died in Toledo, 
Ohio: and Rachel is the wife of Martin Iliegel and 
makes her home in Saline County, Neb. 

After marriage our subject resided for some years 
in ( »hio and purchased eight} - acres of timber land 
which he proceeded to clear and had about one- 
halt of it free from trees when he sold out and 
came to Illinois, where he purchased two hundred 
and sixty acres of land in Prairie Township, this 
county, very little of which was improved. There 
lie made his residence and upon it erected excel- 
lent buildings and put it in first-class condition. 
In June 1881 he removed to StewardsoD and set- 
tled where he now resides, having forty acres "t 
tine land there, besides his original farm. His Stew- 
ardsoii land is very finely improved and in a hand- 
some condition. 

In the mutation- which have been the fate of 
political parties of late years, it ha- been the lot 
of many men to be tossed about from one party to 
another SO much, perhaps, that they have been 
fickle in their political belief and attachment hut 

on account of the changes which have really taken 
place in the standards of political parties. In this 
way. our subject who was once a devoted adherent 
of the Republican party is now a- warmly attached 
to the Democratic. In religious belief the family 
are earnest and Von-i-tcnt members of the Luth- 
eran Church. Of the ten children who blessed the 
union of Mr. and Mrs. Baumgarten three only 
have passed away. The living are: Rachel (Mrs. 
John Bauer), John. France- ( Mr-. Andrew Bauer). 
Fred. Edith. Edward and Lew i>. 

ILI.IAM ( . MILLER. ex-County Treasurer 

' of Shelby County, occupies a conspicuous 

WW place among it- native-born sons who have 

done so much within the la-t generation to advance 
it to its present high standing as a rich and pros- 
perous community. lie is one of the principal 
farmer- and stock-dealers in this section and con- 
ducts an extensive and profitable business in his 
line in Flat Branch Township, where he hasa large 
farm that is complete in its appointment- and is a 
valuable property. 

Our subject is a son of Christopher Philip Miller, 
an old and well-known resident of this county, 
still living on the homestead farm that he devel- 
oped from the wilderness on Robinson Creek. 
Ridge Township, where William was horn in his 
pioneer home February 16, 1842. The father is 
of German birth and origin, born twelve miles from 
lie— e-C as-el. October 10, 1803, a -on of John Chris- 
topher and Hannah Francisco (Stralbnann) Miller. 
who were also natives ,,f the same locality as him- 
self. In 1804 the grandparents of our subject left 
their old home in Germany to emigrate to the 
United State- of America, voyaging aero-- the 
waters in a -ail vessel and landing at Philadelphia. 
The family settled in Chester County. Pa., and 
went from there in 1817 to Ohio with a pair of 
horses and a wagon. Tiny were among the first 
•to settle in Fairfield County, that State, where the 
grandfather, who was a shoemaker, used to ply his 
trade, going from house to house as was the custom 
in those days, lie died in that county in 1825, 



his wife having preceded him in death the year 
before. They reared nine children. 

Christopher P. Miller was one year old the day 
lie landed with his parents in Philadelphia. He 
remained with them in Pennsylvania and Ohio 
until his mother's demise, though he was lint a 
boy when he began to earn his own living, lie 
lived in Hickory Township. Fairfield County, Ohio, 
until 1839, and then with his wife and the four 
children that had been horn to them there, he came 
to Illinois, the journey being performed with a 
pair of horse- and a wagon, lie spent his first 
winter in this State in Shelbvville anil in the spring 
of IS 111 seleeted a Suitable location on the hanks 
of Robinson (reek and became one of the first 
settlers of Ridge Township, where he has ever since 
made his home on the place that he then purchased. 
During the half century and more that it has been 
in his possession he has wrought a great change, 
improving it into a fine farm. When he settled 
on it the prairies were but sparsely settled and deer 
and other kinds of game were abundant. There 
were no railways here and for some years St. Louis, 
one hundred and ten miles away, was the nearest 
market and depot for supplies. 

The father of our subject was first married Sep- 
tember 24. 1829, to Miss Amanda Carpenter. She 
was born near Lancaster, Ohio, and died in that 
State November 28, 1834, leaving two children, of 
whom Ezra, a resident of Assumption, is the Only 
survivor. The maiden name of Mr. Miller's secoi>d 
wife, mother of subject, was Catherine Spear. 
She was horn in Dauphin County, Pa., and died 
on the home farm in Ridge Township. February 
28, 1869. There are six children livingof that mar- 
riage, namely: Amanda, wife of Sam Yantis; 
Henry M.; William ('.; Mary, wife of Alvin 1'. 
Weakly; Eliza, wife of G. W. Townsend, and Henri 
etta, wife of William II. Bickner. .lames ('.. tin 
oldest child, died at the aye of fifty-eight years. 

lie of whom this biographical sketch is written 
was carefully reared under good home influences 
in his native township. The first school that he 
attended "as held in a typical pioneer log school 
house that stood in the woods on the hank of Rob- 
inson (reek. The building was heated by a large 
fireplace which occupied almost the entire end of 

the school room, and the furniture consisted of 

slab benches and a writing desk of the same mate- 
rial supported on pins of wood that were driven 
into the wall. September.'!. 1863, our subject was 
the victim of a serious accident whereby he lost 
his right arm just above the elbow. This loss 
changed the tenor of his life to a great extent as 
it determined him to secure a higher education 
than he had already acquired, and the same fall 
before his arm was healed he enrolled his name as 
a pupil in the seminary al Shelbvville. lie studied 
in that institution diligently for a year and in 
January. 1865, entered the profession of a teacher, 
taking charge of a school in Flat Branch Township. 
As soon as that term closed he was called to teach 
a school in Ridge Township near his old home, and 
after that he taught a two month's school at As- 
sumption. He then immediately returned to Ridge 
Township to teach there again, and his services 
were ill such constant demand, so successful was he 
in imparting knowledge, showing himself to pos- 
sess in a full degree the best requisites of an edu- 
cator, that his time was almost wholly given to his 
vocation with scarce an intermission for an entire 
year. He was afterward engaged in teaching in 
Ridge, Flat Branch and Tower Hill Townships for 
several winters. In the summer he devoted his 
time to raising hedge plants and was thus employed 
for eight seasons with g 1 financial returns. 

For some years prior to his marriage Mr. Miller 
became a resident of Flat Branch Township ami 
here he bought his first land, and after he was mar- 
ried lie located on a farm on section 33. At the 
close of his second term as County Treasurer, in 
the fall of 1877, he located on his present farm 
which is situated on section 24, Flat Branch Town- 
ship. He has six hundred and fifty-five acres of 
choice farming land which he is cultivating assidu- 
ously besides carrying on a lucrative business in 
trading in stock. He is a man of large enterprise, 
keen foresight, possessinga good understanding of 
the best ways of conducting his business so as to 
make the most money out of it. and has a taste 
for speculation in which he is in variably successful. 
combining boldness and caution in due proportion 
in his operations. 

The same traits that have made our subject one 



of our solid business men have also given him 
weight and influence in the public and political 
life of the county and gained him distinction as 
an office holder. Hi' has always affiliated with the 
Democrats and has generally - supported thai party 
in State and national issues, although he lias 
sympathized with the National Greenback party 
where questions of finance and currency are con- 
cerned and shared it- prejudices in regard to mo- 
nopolies. When the farmer's movement was at 
its strongest in this county In- was "in- of the most 
active leaders, and in tin- summer of 1873 was 
honored by nomination to tin- office of County 
Treasurer at a convention held at Shelbyville com- 
posed of the supporters of the Farmer's movement 
There was no opposition candidate and Mr. Miller 
was, of course, elected, and after looking alter the 
finances of the county tun years to the perfect sat- 
isfaction of all concerned, irrespective of party, he 
was again a candidate on the people's ticket. 
Though opposed by the nominee of the Demo- 
cratic party, so popular was he. he polled sixty-six 
more votes than his Opponent, and that. too. in a 
county that is usually overwhelmingly Democratic. 

Mr. Miller was first married July 13, 1871, to 
Miss Mary Chadwick, a daughter of William 
Chadwick, and a native of Flat Branch Township. 
She died June in. 1878, after a brief but happy 
wedded life in which three children had been horn, 
of whom these two survive, Ada May and t harles 
Cyrus. The youngest, Bertie Sylvan, died after 
its mother'- death at the aire of nine months. 

Our subject was married a second time February 
2. 1881, to Mrs. Nancy (Armstrong) Goodwin, 
daughter of John Armstrong and widow- of Joseph 
Goodwin. She was a consistent member of the 
Christian Church and i- in every way worthy of 
tlie respect of the community that -he shares with 
her husband. Mrs. Miller was horn in her father- 
pioneer log cabin in what is now Penn Township, 
July 18, 1835. Her father was horn in Warren 
County. Ky.. April I. 1803, his father. Aaron Arm- 
strongs native of south Carolina, being a pioneer 
of that section of the country, lie resided there 
until 1809, when he came to Illinois which was in 
that year organized a- a territory by an act of 
Congress, lie located in Madison County, being 

one of its early settlers, and lived there during the 
War of 1812, having to live in a fort a part of the 
time. He improved a farm in that COUntj and 
made it his home until death closed hi- earthly- 

Mr-. Miller's father married in Madison Countv. 
Jennie Roach, a native of Kentucky, and in 1826 
he, too, became a pioneer, coming to Shelbt County 
to build upa new home in the wilderness that then 
prevailed here. He made claim to a tract of Gov- 
ernment land including the southwest quarter of 
section 6,of township 14, range 3, east of the third 
principal meridian, now known as Penn Township. 
1 1 « - occupied a log cabin on his land and for a time 
hi- nearest neighbor wa- ten mile- distant. Deer, 
wild turkeys, wolves and other wild animals were 
plentiful in this then uncivilized region which the 
hand of man had done hut little to reclaim. Mr. 
Armstrong entered and bought other land besides 
his homestead and resided on tin- farm that he im- 
proved until after the death of his wife in l.s7.">. 
lie -pent the last eight year- of hi- life with his 
daughter. Mis. .Miller, dying at a venerable age 
August in. 1883. 

Mrs. Miller developed into a vigorous woman- 
hood in her parental home anil was taught all use- 
ful household duties, including the art of carding, 
spinning and weaving cloth. She was first mar- 
ried in 1870 to Joseph G Iwin, a native of Ten- 

nessee. He was a farmer by occupation and passed 
his last years on hi- farm in Penn Township, dying 
in 1875. By that marriage Mrs. Miller has one 
child. Flo Goodwin. Mr. and Mrs. Miller's child- 
ren are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
They are being carefully educated and all are stu- 
dents at the state Normal School, at Normal. III.. 
at the present time. 


i . » .. t-l"t - L 

i » I I.I.I AM II. RAGAN, although among the 
\ . / younger members of the bar, has an excel- 
\jjyvf/ lent reputation as a criminal lawyer. He 
was horn in Fairfield County, Ohio. September 30, 
1830, the son of .lames W. and Ellen (Springer) 
Ragan. His paternal ancestors were of Irish ex- 



traction his great-grandfather being born mi the 
Emerald Isle. The maternal ancestors were of 
German and Swedish blood but came to this coun- 
try in the early Colonial daysand one of his great- 
grandfathers served as a soldier all through the 
Revolutionary War. Fairfield County, was the 
native home of his parents and there they were 
married and reared their family, but removed to 
Illinois in 1 M(>7. and located first in Clark County. 
next m Effingham County, whence they came to 
Shelby County. The mother, who still survives, is 
a widow, her husband having died in 1886 at the 
age of sixty years. 

.lames W. Ragan, the worthy father of our sub- 
ject, was a soldier in the Union army during the 
Civil War, being a member of Company C, One 
Hundred and Fourteenth Ohio Infantry. After 
the battle of Haines Bluff he was detailed as nurse 
on a hospital boat which bore the name of the 
"City of Memphis" and went up the Mississippi 
River to Paducah, Ky., at which place he was in- 
jured lv a fall, while unloading the dead bodies of 
the brave boys who had fallen in conflict. In con- 
sequence of this accident he was placed in the 
hospital at St. Louis, from which he was in due 
time discharged, but he never entirely recovered 
from the injury, and his sufferings from it hastened 
his death. 

There were eight children in the family of the 
parents of our subject, namely: Laura A., now 
Mrs. John J. Gallagher; William II. our subject; 
Silas A;, Eber A.. George \\ '.. .lames F. and Joseph 
A. (who was drowned at the age of five years, in :i 
small creek near their home in Fayette County, 
Ohio) and Addison A. 

The early life of William Ragan was passed upon 
the home farm and at the age of fourteen he hired 
out as a farm hand at $5 a month, anil served in 
this capacity until he reached the age of eighteen 
years. lie then saw the need of an education and 
so for a number of years we find him attending 
school and teaching and he finally became a teacher 
in the High School at Shelby ville. lie studied law 
in the office of Hamlin & Ilolloway and in 1884 
was admitted to the bur. After practicing for one 
year he entered the Union College at Chicago, 
which college is the law department of the North- 

western University at Kvanston. Since taking his 
diploma in 1886 he has given his entire attention 
to his profession :it Shelbyville. lie has a general 
practice but gives particular attention to criminal 

The domestic life of Mr. Ragan is a very happy 
one. as he was married July 1. 1*77. to Mary C. 
Gallagher, daughter of Jacob and Sarah Gallagher, 
who was born in Shelby County, where her par- 
ents are among the pioneers. They have had three 
children gather about their fireside, the eldest. 
Jennie, dying in infancy, but Elza M. and Maude 
A., remain to be the joy and comfort of their par- 
ents, lie is deeply interested in political move- 
ments and espoused the cause of the Republican 
party until 188H at which time he supported the 
Democratic ticket, stumping the State and making 
brilliant and effective speeches in sixty different 
places. lie has never sought office and prefers to 
give his attention to private practice. He is iden- 
tified with the Masonic fraternity and has been an 
earnest and consistent member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church since he was fourteen years of 




LFRE1) REED. The sons of the pioneers 
have indeed reason to feel proud of their 
'honorable ancestry. The early settlers in 
Illinois were a class of men and women 
who came to the New West not alone for personal 
aggrandizement but mainly for the benefit of their 
posterity. They cheerfully endured hardships and 
wrought gladly with their hands that they might 
provide a future for those who are dependent upon 
them. Our subject was born in Shelbyville Town- 
ship. Shelby County. August 8, 1839, where he 
now resides, his parents being Moses and Ruth 
(Fortner) Reed. The father was born in Tennessee. 
March 3. 1807. and there married a lady who was 
born in North Carolina. March 12. 1808, a daugh- 
ter of Micajah Fortner. 

This young wedded couple came to Illinois and 
settled in Shelby County about the year 1825, 
when there were no houses between them and Yan- 
dalia and only two or three houses anywhere in 



their vicinity, Indians still abounded in Shelby 
County, deer and other game were plentj and 
wolves came about the dooryard. 

Mioses Reed entered land and settled mi section 
28, where he also purchased other land and dealt 
in real-estate more or less, having generally six 
hundred acres of land in possession at a lime. He 
made his permanent home where he first settled 
and remained there until his death in November, 
1884, a1 theage-of seventy-seven years. His widow 
died August 13, 1890, al the very advanced age 
of eighty-three years. Their ten children are Lu- 
einda. now Mrs. Jackson; Edward; Elizabeth, de- 
ceased; Eliza, now Mrs. Henry Hilton; Artimesia, 
now ilrs. Manning; Moses; Alfred, our subject; 
Elisha and Marion, deceased; and one who died 
in childhood. 

Having grown to manhood in Shelby ville Town- 
ship, and undertaken as his work for life agricul- 
tural pursuits, our subject decided to establish a 
home for himself and in 1862 lie married Rebecca, 
daughter of Jacob Kensil, who became the mother 
of live children and died in 187:5. Two only of 
her children are now living, namely: Sarah. 
now Mrs. Bazel Haywood and Mary .1.. the wife of 
Lewis Manning. In 1X77 Mr. Heed married Alzira 
Hoard, daughter of Andrew J. and Mary J. (High- 
land) Hoard. This lady was horn in Union County, 
Ohio. October 14. 1856, and came with her parents 
to Illinois in 1X68. They settled in Shelby County, 
and here this young girl grew up into a lovely 
young womanhood and received a training in the 
useful arts of housewifery, in which she became 
expert. Her beloved mother is still living and her 
worthy father died .Inly 4. 1*86. at the age of 
sixty-four years. One child only of the second 
marriage is now living, a daughter Zula; a little 
one dieel at the age of eighteen months some years 

About three hundred acres of land now form the 
home farm of this successful and thorough-going 
farmer. lie prefers to devote himself largely to 
stock-raising of which he makes a specialty, and in 
which he is very prosperous. His political views 
have led him to ally himself with the Democratic 
party, and he firmly believes that the principles 
endorsed by "Old Hickory" are the reliable ground 

for political act ion now-a-days. The high esteem 
in which lie is held by his neighbors has often led 
them to urge his acceptance of various local offices, 
but the only position which he has ever fell willing 
to accept was that of a member of the School 
Board in which In- has been very useful and has 
aided materially in forwarding the educational in- 
terests of his township. Socially he is a member 
of tile Independent Order of odd Fellows. 

I ^i ) fci I I I 1 E in f 

f 1 ' I ' - 


) ident of Tower Hill. Shelby County, has 
fr pursued a more honorable career or been of 
J greater value as a citizen and public servant 
than the gentleman whose name Introduces these 
paragraphs and who is well known throughout 
Shelby County. His life and character are well 
worthy of imitation by those who. like himself, 
must he the architects of their own fortunes and 
destinies to a great extent. His habits are unosten- 
tatious, his judgment impartial, his convictions 
strong and his benefactions, like his labors, constant 
and unremitting. In 1888 he was appointed Prin- 
cipal of the public schools of Towel' Hill, since 

which time he has advanced the grade of scholar- 
ship, deepened the public interest in educational 
matters and brought the school to the front rank 
among the. academies of learning in the county. 
Recently he has been invited to take charge of the 
school at Windsor in this county. 

Prof. McCormick is of Irish parentage. His 
father. Edward McCormick. was horn in County 
Oalwav. Ireland, of which county his mother, .lane 
(O'Brien.) McCormick, was also a native. After 
their marriage in Ireland they emigrated to Amer- 
ica during the latter part of the '50s, and coming 
directly to this State, settled on a farm near the 
village of Tower Hill, of which they have since 
been residents. They became the parents of four 
children, of whom our subject IS the eldest. lie 
was horn in County ( iahvay. Ireland. April I. 1858, 
and was about three years of age when he was 
brought by his parents to this country, lie grew 
to manhood in Tower Hill Township and received 



a good education in its graded schools. Later he 
becamea .student in the Central Normal College of 
Danville, Ind.. where lie fitted liimsell' for the pro- 
fession of a teacher. 

Since 1«77. when Prof. McCormlck taught his 
first school, he has been engaged in his chosen pro- 
fession and has become well-known as a splendid 
disciplinarian and one thoroughly able to impart 
knowledge to others. He was married in l'ana. 
111.. September 13, 1883, to Miss Minnie R., daugh 
ter of Samuel Milliken. This estimable lady was 
born in Shelby County, III.. June 1, 1860 and is a 
lady of recognized worth of character and kindly 
disposition. She and the Professor are both con- 
sistent members of the .Methodist Episcopal Church, 
in which he has been a Trustee. He has also served 
as Superintendent of the Sunday-school, and takes 
an active part in religious and benevolent work. 
In politics he is a Democrat and has served the 
township as Clerk and Assessor. He owns two 
hundred acres adjacent to the village of Tower 
Hill, a portion of which lies within the corpora- 

P"^RAXKLIX D.GOULD. Our subject is one 
j of the firm known as Gould Bros., dealers 
in grain, who have a wide reputation for 
honor and integrity, and enjoy the confidence of 
the community in which they are living by virtue 
of their fair and upright dealing. He of whom we 
are writing was born in Cambria, Niagara County. 
X. Y.. April i'l. 1 847. He was reared on his 
father's farm and was engaged in farming in his 
native county until 1883, when he disposed of his 
farm and came to this State, settling in Windsor, 
and soon after launched into the grain business in 
partnership with his brother, Lyman A. Gould. 

For two montns after coming to this State 
Mr. Gould was employed by K. &, I. Jennings 
at Mattoon, 111., in buying grain. lie went to De- 
catur, at which place he remained four months, 
being there employed by the Wabash Railroad 
Company. He was married in Cambria, X. V.. 
February 2K. 1K72. to Miss Agnes ('.Colt, who was 
a native of the same county and State as himself 

Mrs. Gould is a refined and womanly woman and 
makes a pleasant home for her husband and chil- 
dren, of which she has had four. They are: Elmer 
\V.. Clara M.. Florence and Grace A. It was a 
great blow to the parents when their eldest child 
and only son. and was taken from them in Febru- 
ary, 1890. He was at the full bud and promise of 
manhood, being seventeen years of age at the time 
of his death, lie was a victim of that dread dis- 
ease — La Grippe, which made vacant so many 
places in families throughout the country, suffer- 
ing severely lief ore his decease. The second daugh- 
ter, Florence, died when a small child, being only 
four years of age. 

Although not an otlice-seekcr in any sense. Mr. 
Gould, like most of the fresh, vigorous young men 
in our country, cannot but be interested in politi- 
cal life, lie has allied himself with the Democratic 
party. Both our subject and his wife are members 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church, he havingbeen 
so connected since 1866, and his wife's church re- 
lations dating from childhood. Mr. Gould is a 
modest and unpretentious man. whose first con- 
sideration is attention to his business. He is. how- 
ever, a favorite in both commercial and social 
circles, and is highly esteemed as one of the repre- 
sentative men of the town. 


/p^EORGE A. SMITH. M. 1). A successful and 
[/[ (— _, enterprising member of the medical profes- 

A^iji sion. residing in Ilenton. in Ridge Town- 
ship, is a son of the late John B. Smith, who was 
born in Butler County. Ohio. His mother, who 
bore the maiden name of Sarah Munson, was born 
in Xew Jersey. The father was a farmer by occu- 
pation and after his marriage with Miss Munson 
made his home in Franklin County. Ind.. whence 
he came in 1860 and settled in Ridge Township. 
Shelby County, where he completed his mortal 
career August 13, 1890. He left his faithful wife 
to mourn his loss. 

Our subject is one of seven children of the par- 

■ ital home and is the third in order of age. lie 




was born in Franklin County, Ind., October 30, 
lx.">.->. and was reared to manhood upon hisfather's 
farm in Shelby County. His earlier education "'as 
taken in the common schools and at Shelbyville. 
He entered the St Louis Medical College a1 St. Louis, 
Mo., in 1876, and graduated in the Class of '79, 
receiving hi> diploma at that time. He began his 
professional work at Henton and has now luiill up 
an excellent and broad practice. lli> marriage, 
which occurred April 29, 1891. united him with 
Miss Ida M. Stanley, daughter of Leroy and Eliza- 
beth ( Ward) Stanley. 

Dr. Smith lias taken an active part in all local 
movements and is an energetic and progressive 
citizen. His political views have led him to affiliate 
with tin- Democratic party, in the progress of which 
he feels a keen interest. He is a member of the 
Masonic fraternity and is also identified with the 
M< dern Woodmen of America. Hisexeellent judg- 
ment and genial nature commend him to his fel- 

*^»IK>MAs STEWARDSON, one of the early 
(f~\ pioneers of Shelby County and a man who 
\ZS has made his record for industry, hard 
work, perseverance and integrity, has a pleasant 
borne on section 24. Shelbyville Township, where 
bis residence dates from the fall of 1849. He was 
born in the North of England, March 1*. 1818, 
and i> the >on of William and Mary (Nicholson) 
Stewardson. The mother died when the subject 
of this sketch was hut a small hoy. leaving seven 
children, of whom Thomas was the eldest. Those 
who followed him were: Robert, who died in 
Shelby ( ounty; Samuel, went to the West Indies 
and there died; Isabella, married Mr. Brewster and 
died in shelbyville: William: John, who resides in 
Texas, and Mary, who died in Indiana in 1844. 
The father of our subject came to tin- United 
States, and settling in Illinois, lived in Shelby 
( ounty until his death. He took np the land 
for this son two years previous to our subject's 
coming here. 

Thomas stewardson was reared a farmer, and 

when a young man of some twenty-three years 
came to the I'nited stale-, settling in Ohio in the 
year 1840, and there married three years later the 
lady whom he had chosen from all the world to he 
his companion through life, she was Elizabeth 
l'arnell. a native of England and a daughter of 
John and Agnes l'arnell. After marriage they re- 
sided in Ohio for some nine years with the excep- 
tion of one season, which they spent in Northern 
Indiana. Elizabeth stewardson became the mother 
of six children, but was called from them by death 
in 1856, leaving them to mourn a mother's loss. 
They are all now grown to manhood and are occu- 
pying [positions of responsibility and honoring 
their parents by lives of usefulness and worth. 
They are as follows: John, who resides in Sac 
County. Iowa: Thomas, who lives in the State of 
Washington; James. Robert and William P.. who 
live in Shelby County; and Samuel, who makes 
lii— home in South Dakota. 

In December, 1856, our subject [was married to 
Sarah Brady, a daughter of Thomas and Martha 
(Vaughn) Brady, and a native of Shelby County, 
where she was born October 20,1839. Her par- 
ents were of Southern birth and came to Illinois 
in the pioneer days, taking up and improving land 
here. Their death occurred in Shelby County, 
and they left >ix children, as follows: William, de- 
ceased; Jane, the wife of Perry Reed, who resides in 
Butler County. Kan: Samuel, deceased; Sarah. Mr-. 
Stewardson; Narcissa A., who married Hiram Brown 
and died in Shelby County: and James, who is 
also deceased. 

The first possession of Mr. Stewardson in Illinois 
was forty acres, and he now owns two hundred 
and sixty, all excellent and well improved land. 
bearing upon it good feme-, excellent barn? and a 
substantial home. He followed sheep-raising for a 
number of years very successfully and has the 
qualities which lead to success in that department 
of work, as he is prudent and attentive to the 
needs of hi- stock. He now pursues general farm- 
ing. Mrs. Stewardson i> a member of the Hard 
shell Baptist Church and has brought up her seven 
children in the faith of the Christian religion. They 
are named: Martha Jane, wife of John Richardson; 
Edward; Doutrlas: Henry; Mary, now Mrs. Ben- 



jamiii Field; Eliza, the wife of Mathew Bain- 
brig; and Albert. The political views of our sub- 
ject liave brought liim into sympathy with the 
Democratic party, for whose success he is desirous, 
but he is not at all an office-seeker, although he has 
filled successfully the position of School Director. 
Elsewhere in this volume the reader will Qnd a 
lithographic portrait of Mr. Stewardson. 


(>I1N W. BEERY, a prominent and success- 
ful fanner residing on section .">. Ridge 
Township, Shelby County, and a man who 
I is ever active in political and church circles, 
is the son of Josiah Beery, a native of Rockingham 
County. Ya.. where his mother. Ann Jacobs was 
also horn. They had thirteen children, and our 
subject was among the older members of the fam- 
ily, being born September II. 1844. in Rockingham 
County, where he was reared upon a farm. 

At the time of the breaking out of the war, this 
young man was conscripted when only sixteen 
years old. into the rebel army. lie served in the 
ranks but a few days, and then was detailed to 
work in a shoe shop, where he served between three 
and four years. When Gen. Hunter made his 
famous raid up the Shenandoah Valley, all the de- 
tailed men were called out and given guns. The 
enemy was routed and our subject took leave of 
his brethren in arms against the Union without the 
consent of his commanding officer, and coming to 
Fairfield County, obtained employment at farm 

Here Mr. Beery remained until his marriage Sep- 
tember 2. L869, to Miss Rebecca Swartz, a daughter 
of Henry and Sarah (Beery) Swartz. both of whom 
were native- of Fail Held County. Ohio. The mother 
died in that county, and the father in Picka- 
way Township. Shelby County, 111., where he had 
settled in December. 187(1. The wife of our sub- 
ject was one of the younger members in a large 
family of twelve children, and was horn in Fair- 
field County. .Inly 22. 1847. 

The young married couple continued to reside 
in Fairfield County until the fall of 1872. when 

they removed to Shelby County and made their 
home in Pickaway Township for ten years, after 
which ihe\ removed to Ridge Township, and set- 
tled on section 5, where Mr. Beery owns a farm of 
eighty acres upon which he has placed good im- 

The children who have come to bless the home 
of our subject are: Thomas C, Mary A.. Laura ('.. 
Elmer ('.. Docie E., Lulu F... John < ). and Onie B. 
Elmer. John and Onie have passed to the better 
world. The father of these children is an intelli- 
gent and public-spirited man, who has always taken 
an active part in public affairs, and is an ardent 
and progressive Republican, lie has been School 
Director for five years, and in this capacity has 
done much to forward the educational interests of 
the Township. In the spring of 1 8110 he was elected 
Highway Commissioner, which office he has tilled 
to the satisfaction of his constituents and the bene- 
fit of the roads, lie has always been engaged in 
agricultural pursuits, and has made them a success. 
The Evangelical Association is the religious body 
with which he and his good wife are connected, 
and in its work they are ever ready to take part, 
and to do good. He has been in this connection 
Class- Leader. Trustee, Sunday-school Superinten- 
dent and exhorter. Mr. Beery is a member of the 
Modern Woodmen, and is also identified with the 
Farmers' Mutual Benefit Association. 

ip^ffl AMUEL W. MORTHLAND. Himself a 

V S^# lover of a fine horse, our subject under- 

V^J!/ stan ^ s * ne needs Of 'he traveling public so 

thoroughly as to keep all grades and styles 

of animals to suit each whim and taste. For the 

young man who Loves a level stretch of country 

and a good gait, he has in his stables roadsters that 

can keep up with any in the county. For the old 

physician who cannot get along without his forty 

winks as he goes from one place to another, he has 

the staid and reliable animals that will land him at 

his destination safely, without so much as a pull at 

the lines, and to the nervous lady who is afraid 



of a good, fast gait, and yel wants to travel behind 
a horse with some style, he gives a beautiful little 
mare with glossy mane and tail, and tender eyes 
thai promise of themselves the utmost sedateness 
united with elegant dignity, for .Mr. Morthland is 
:i livery man and cater.'- hi the traveling public "1' 
Lovington, Moultrie County. 

Tin' parents of our subject were Joseph T. ami 
Alice (McCardle) Morthland. Tin- former was a 
nativeof Pennsylvania and tin- latter emigrated in 
her young womanhood to the United States from 
Ireland. They were married in New York City and 
came from there to Decatur, III., in the year 1859. 
Two weeks after his arrival in the last-named city 
Joseph Morthland died. His wife followed him a 
good many years later, passing away from this life 
in Moultrie County, August 17. 1889. They were 
the parents of five children, and of these our sub- 
ject was the eldest, lie was horn in New York 
City. January 1 1. 1850, and was nine years of age 
when he came witli his parents to Decatur, this 

Mr. Morthland early knew what it was to take 
care of himself for in his young days he worked 
out for his hoard and clothing, spending four or 
five years in this way in Macon County, his mother 
having removed to Moultrie County and married 
again a man by the name of Levi Misenhelter. 
Our subject went to live with his mother and made 
his home under her roof until his marriage which 
took place in Lovington, December in. 1872. His 
bride was Rebecca McCravy.who was horn in Ten- 

After marriage the young couple resided in 
Lovington for several months and then removed 
to Lowe Township, where our subject was engaged 
in fanning for a period of aboul four years. At 
the expiration of this time he returned to Loving- 
ton and purchased a livery business in July. 1878. 
and has since continued giving his attention to 
this business. Mr. Morthland is a genial, whole- 
souled fellow who is a hail fellow well met with all 
the best spirits of the town. lie is deservedly .pop- 
ular with all classes of people and enjoys the con- 
fidence and respect of the community. 

Oursubject and his wife have had their domestic 
life enriched by the advent of one daughter therein. 

Her name is Ida M. and she is the pride of her 
parents whose ambition it is that every talent thai 
she possesses should he cultivated in the highest 
degree and that she should lie an accomplished and 
intelligent woman. Mr. Morthland has served on 
the Village Board for several years and has tilled 
the office of Township Clerk most acceptably. 
Socially, he is a member of the Masonic fraternity, 
and both an Odd Fellow and a Knight of Pythias. 
In connection with his livery business he also 
makes a specialty of Normans and roadsters. 
being engaged in breeding horses, lie also sells 
many buggies and vehicles of all descriptions. Be- 
sides his business in the village he has a general 
Oversight of his farm in the township which com- 
prises one hundred and twenty acres and which 
brings him in a handsome revenue. 

/AMES AVERY WOOD. A pleasant gentle- 
man whom Moultrie County may well be 
proud to claim as a son and native, is he 
whose name is at the head of this sketch. 
Born here March 31, 1848. his parents were Joseph 
M. and Parletha (Patterson) Wood. ( )ur subject's 
paternal grandfather, Avery Wood, came to this 
county before 1840, and entered a large tract of 
land upon which he made some improvements he- 
fore his death, which occurred in Sullivan Township, 
where his body lies interred. The father of our 
subject was the only boy in the family to attain 
the age of maturity. He was a farmer and died in 
Sullivan Township in the fall of 1852, having be- 
fore his death acquired a handsome property. Our 
subject's mother, married a second time, a gentle- 
man by the name of Montgomery, and by this union 
three children were horn which were reared with 
him of whom we write. 

The parental family consisted of three children 
whose names arc as follows: Sarah J.: James A.. 
our subject, and John W. Mr. Wood's only sis- 
ter married William Hodge; she died in Sullivan 
Township, without issue. James A. was married in 
lKCD to Mary A. Hoke, a daughter of Samuel and 
Amanda Hoke. She was a native of the same 



county and State as her husband being here born 
April 18, 1849. Her death occurred June 6, 1890, 
and her loss is deeply fell not only by her imme- 
diate family but by many who have been the recip- 
ients of her kindly sympathy and aid in times of 
trouble, she lived in Sullivan Township all her 

Mr. Wood is a progressive farmer and although 
he is comparatively a young man. has acquired a 
good farm which comprises one hundred and sixty 
acres of as fertile and weil-located land as there is 
in the county. Upon this lie has put valuable im- 
provements, and lias here a pleasant home. 
He devotes himself chiefly ti> general farming. 
bul has Mime fine stuck. The original of 
our sketch is not content to accumulate alone 
earthly riches, but realizes that for himself 
and family there are treasures of learning and wis- 
dom to be had for the getting. I lis- home boasts 
many books by standard authors and the latest cur- 
rent literature finds its way to his reading table. 
He is a thoughtful reader, forming lii> ideas from 
his own deductions, rejecting ready-made opinions 
upon any line of thought, whether it he political 
or otherwise. 

Five children comprise the family of our subject, 
whose name- are: Zolla Newton, Estella May, Sarah 
.lane. Samuel A. and Lora Edith. Politically. Mr. 
Wood's sympathies and interests center with the 
Democratic party and this receives the weight of 
his vote and influence. Religiously he is a member 
of the United Brethren Church, and seeks to live 
in his daily life, the lessons taught by the life 
of the Divine Man. 

P~RANK M. LOVING. Among the promin- 
ent citizens of Dora Township who has 
lived in this section for more than a quar- 
ter of a century, we are pleased to mention the 
name which appears at the head of this paragraph. 
Mr. Loving is a fanner who settled in Moultrie 
County in the fall of 1867, and whose pleasant 
home is to he found on section 22, Dora Township. 

He i- a native [Hinoisan, having been horn in Mc- 
Lean County. April 14. 1855, a son of Jasper D. 
and Maria J. (Messer) Loving, natives of Indiana 
and Illinois, respectively. 

Taylor Loving, the grandfather of our subject, 
was a native of North Carolina who came to this 
State and located in McLean County about the 
year 1835, locating near Normal, but later remov- 
ing to Gridley Township, where he became the 
owner of some five hundred acres of land upon 
which he passed his remaining years, dying at the 
aire of about fifty, lie left a family of four sons 
and one daughter. John. Philip, James. Jasper anil 
Nancy, which latter became the wife of George 
I ox. Jasper Loving was only about eighteen 
months old when the family settled in McLean 
County and he was educated in Bloomington and 
(hose husbandry as his pursuit in life. He was 
married in McLean County to Maria, a daughter 
of John Messer. an early yioneer of the county. 

After marriage the newly wedded pair settled in 
Gridley Township on land which Taylor Loving 
had entered from the Government He remained 
with his parents and assisted them while his brothers 
went to California during the gold excitement. and 
after the death of the father Jasper fell heir to a 
portion of the land and purchased the interest of 
some of the heirs, and thus became the owner of a 
fine farm. 

Jasper Loving, in 1867. sold his farm in McLean 
County and coming to Moultrie County, purchasi d 
from the Illinois Central Railrcad Company two 
hundred and forty acres of unbroken prairie to 
which he somewhat later added by purchase one 
hundred and twenty acres more, all of which he 
improved. In 1882. on account of his wife's feeble 
health, he sold a portion of his land and went to 
Montgomery County. Kan., where he purchased two 
small farms, but the change of residence did not 
bring as much improvement to Mis. Loving's health 
as had been hoped, and she left him for the spirit 
world in 1884. One year later he returned to 
Illinois and died June 7. is**, in Dora Township. 
He was an earnest Republican in his political views 
and at different times held various local offices. 
The Christian Church was the religious body in the 
communion of which he found comfort and strength. 



He and his g <<"\ wife had seven children, four of 
whom lived to years of maturity, namely: Frank 
M.. Mary ( .. wife of John 0. McMulIen, John T. 
and Lewis V. The latter was born Jane 1*. 1867, 
and reside* with our subject. 

Frank M. Loving came with his father's family 
i" Moultrie County in L867, and -ix year- later 
chose for himself a bride in the person of Fliza. 
daughter of John and Nancy McMullen. She was 
born in Ohio, June 22. 1855, and became the 
mother of two children. John .T. and Sylva E. The 
old homestead forms the residence of our subject, 
and he is the owner of eighty acres of finely im- 
proved land. His political views incline him to 
endorse the action of the Republican party, yet he 
is independent to a considerable extent and never 
allows himself to lie trammeled by party ties. In 
the membership of the Christian Church he and 
his excellent wife find themselves in a religious 
home which is in accordance with their faith and* 

OHS M. CUSAAC. It is contrary to the 
principles of true political economy to en- 
courage celibacy and discourage marriage, 
and the historian regrets the necessity of 
occasionally chronicling the fact that a man of 
noble life, integrity and honor, has been content to 
live a life of single blessedness and has not made 
for himself a true home by placing at his side a 
companion who would double his joys and halve 
his sorrows. Yet when a single life has been con- 
ducted so nobly and unselfishly as has that of our 
subject, the writer willingly touches lightly upon 
this dereliction from duty and is willing to paint 
in light colors the life of this worthy man. 

Our subject was born in Perry County, Ohio, in 
1825, l>einij the son of Andrew Cusaac. a native of 
Pennsylvania, and Jane Shaw, who was born in 
the same State. His parents settled in Perry 
County, Ohio, in 1813 and there made their home 
through life. ( )f their eight children two died in 
infancy. William died in Perry County, Ohio, 
and Jane, who married Mr. Ensminger. resides with 

our subject. ( aroline married Jacob Dial and her 
death occurred in June, 1890. Two children. 
James and Celis survive her. Mary married Cor- 
nelius Axline and died in Muskingum County, 
Ohio, leaving two children. William and Matilda. 
Lncinda is the wife of Robert Yost and Sarah M.. 
an unmarried sister, resides with our subject. Mr. 
Cusaac has ever been a kind and affectionate 
brother to his sisters and their comfort and support 
in times of trial. 

Mr. Cusaac first located on section 29, Shelby- 
ville Township, when he came to this county, and 
he here purchased nearly eight hundred acres of 
land. In this he was joined by his brother. A. J. 
About the year lxtil he purchased the farm upon 
which he now resides and upon which he has erec- 
ted a plea-ant home, excellent barns and other sub- 
stantial and handsome improvements, so that it is 
now counted as the best improved farm in Shelby- 
ville Township, and comprises some four hundred 
acres of land. His political views bring him into 
affiliation with the party which is proud to claim 
the names of Jefferson and Jackson, but he is not 
a politician nor wire puller and has steadfastly de- 
clined to accept office. Ik- is a supporter of the 
Presbyterian Church to which his sisters belong 
and is warmly interested in the cause of Christian- 
ity, although not a church member. His industry, 
economy and thrift have placed him upon a sub- 
stantial footing and given him the respect of his 
fellow -citizens. He settled in this county in 1866, 
and his pleasant home is located just outside the 
citv limits of Shelbvville. 

'■M~5~i- = 

ANIF1. SMITH, who resides on section ID. 

Ridge Township, Shelby County, is a cit- 

, K Izen of superior ability and intelligence. 

His father. Nathan smith, and his grand- 
father, Daniel, Sr.. wen- born in Maryland. The 
father of our subject was a fanner by occupation 
and married, while living in Nicholas County.Ky., 
Mary Killam. who was born in Nicholas County, 
December 2. 1799. After marriage thi- young 
couple settled in Nicholas Countj and remained 



there until death in the early prime of life. August 
15, 1830. His bereaved widow, who was the 
mother of live sons and one daughter, removed 
the following year to Shelby County. 111., and 
passed away January 30, 1880. 

The subject of this writing was the second in 
this family, being bom September 21, 1821, in 
Nicholas ( oiinty. Ky.. where he spent the early 
years of his life. The father died before the hoy 
had completed hi> ninth year and when he was ten 
years old he came with his mother and the family 
to Shelby County, and lived for some nine or ten 
years in Rose Township. Since that time he has 
made his home in Ridge Township. He received 
thorough training in thepractical work of farming 
in his boyhood and undertook that a- his life work. 

Daniel Smith and Sarah A. Wagoner were united 
in the sacred bonds of matrimony in Rose Town- 
ship. August 3, 1843. The bride is a daughter of 
Jacob and Dradv (Sargent) Wagoner, both of whom 
were Virginians by birth and first settled in Ken- 
tucky, afterward in Indiana and then pursued their 
pioneer life in Illinois, settling in Rose Township 
in 1833. The mother died in 1840 and the father 
passed away in Ridge Township, in 1857. They 
were the parents of eight children, five sons and 
three daughters, and Mrs. Smith, who was horn in 
Washington County. Ind.. July 1. 1823, was the 
sixth in order of age. 

Mr. and Mrs. smith have passed their married 
life in Ridge Township and here their family of 
five children have been horn. George W. is a resi- 
dent of Shelbyville; Mary, who became the wife of 
Samuel Brownback, who died in Rural Township 
in 1872, leaving one child. George, who has been 
reared by his grandparents; Russell is a farmer in 
Rural Township: and John J. carries on a farm in 
Ridge Township. The remaining child is -Olivia. 
Three little ones died in infancy. Mr. Smith has 
been Highway Commissioner and School Director 
for a number of years. His political convictions 
have led him to ally himself with the Democratic 
party and he cast his first vote for .lames K. Polk. 
His wife is an earnest and active member of the 
Christian Church. Mr. Smith bought his land from 
the Government and has a fine estate of four hun- 
dred and sixty-seven acres upon which he has 

erected a delightful home, commodious barns and 
other excellent outbuildings. These are situated 
upon the home farm which covers some one hun- 
dred and fifty acres. This intelligent gentleman 
and genial neighbor has made his mark in the 
community where he lives and i> worthy of the 
generous estimate which is every where accorded 




iODNEY ADKINs. There is probably no 
place in the wide world where a man can SO 
readily wrest from the soil a handsome com- 
petency and put himself in a financial con- 
dition to retire from active labor, as within the 
hounds of the rich Prairie State. 'Throughout i t> 
confines, north and south, east and west, we may 
find thousands of fanners who have, by hard toil 
•and enterprise, secured a degree of wealth which 
allows them to rot during their later years, and 
among these we are pleased to mctnion the still 
active and enterprising gentleman whose name we 
have given above. 

Rodney Adkins, who resides on section (i. Loy- 
ington Township, Moultrie County, dates his resi- 
dence in this county from 1865, and in Illinois 
from 1852. He was horn in Ross Count}', Ohio. 
August 24, \X'2.'t. being a son of Staunton and 
Anna (Tinnnons) Adkins. natives of Maryland. 
'This excellent couple have removed from their na- 
tive State to Ros> County previous to their mar- 
riage. Mr. Adkins at the date of that event being 
thirty years old. and his young bride but fifteen. 
Subsequent to their marriage they removed to Pick- 
away County, in the same State, and there settled 
on a farm. Mrs. Anna Adkins became the mother 
of thirteen children, and dieil at the age of forty, 
but her husband survived and reached the very ex- 
treme age of ninety-one years. 

The subject of this sketch was the fourth in this 
large family of the parental household, and re- 
ceived his early training upon a farm and through 
the active exercise and healthful manner of life in- 
cident to agriculture, he gained a sturdy and health- 
ful young manhood. He was married in Pickaway 
County, Ohio. March IX. 1X47. his bride being Lo- 



vena Eskridge, daughter of George and Sabrlna 
(Bryder) Eskridge, early pioneers of Pickaway 
( ounty and native? of the little State of Delaware. 
Their daughter, Lovena, was born in Pickaway 
County in May, 1824. 

The removal of our subject to Illinois was made 
in 1852 with three team-. This was a long, weari- 
some journey, but was taken leisurely, the party 
camping out at night and picn icing along the road. 
The principal expense which had to be incurred 
was the payment of toll at the toll-gates. Upon 
reaching the Prairie State. Mr. Adkins located in 
Cumberland County, and became the owner oi two 
hundred and forty-six acres of land within two 
miles of Toledo, the county-seat. For t lii- he paid 
at the rate oi $9 per acre and upon it be proceeded 
to make g 1 improvements, and had it in excel- 
lent condition before the exigencies of the Civil 
War called him from his home and fireside. 

Mr. Adkins enlisted in theserviceof hi- country 
in August, 1861, and was mustered into service in 
Company A. Fifth Illinois Cavalry, which regi- 
ment was ordered to the Southwest, and saw service 
in Arkansas. He was taken prisoner near Helena, 
that state, in October, 1862, and while under guard 
of six men. a captain of a company of guerillas, 
who also laid claim to beinga Methodist Episcopal 
preacher, rode up. and without leave or licenseshot 
him in the arm. This ball, which he still carries. 
so disabled him a- to cause him to be honorably 
discharged in February, 1863. 

Our subject returned u>( umberland County, and 
in the fall of 1864 sold hi- land at $10 an acre and 
proceeded to prospect in various part- of the State. 
spending one season farming in Ford County be- 
fore coming to Moultrie County. Here he pur- 
chased eighty acres of his presenl farm, which was 
then bnt little improved hut was considered of 
more than ordinary value, and even then cum 
manded 130 per acre. He now owns over one thou- 
sand acres i if land, seven hundred and titty of 
which are in one body, lie has erected a plea-ant 
home, excellent barns and other good outbuildings. 
Most of his prosperity may he attributed to his 
thorough, systematic and intelligent stock-farming, 
together with his dealings in live stock. 

To Mr. ami Mrs. Adkins have been born three 

children, and they have been -<• favored a- to re- 
tain these children in life until now they are ma- 
ture, and are taking their places in the world, be- 
ing fitted to shine as members of society and to be 
truly an honor to their worthy parent-. They are 
by name — William s.. Mary E., (wife of Henry 
Layman), and Luranna, who resides at home. For 
four years past Mr. Adkins ha- rented hi.- farm and 
now lives a retired life. He is a stanch Republican 
in his political belief, and deems it the duty of 
every patriot to exercise the right of suffrage 
with which he is endowed by the laws of his land. 
He take- an intelligent interest in political move- 
ments, hut has never held office, as he has preferred 
to devote his energies t>> Ins private business. 

■>i=->W O .1.1 ) > 

I ' I ' II I ' 

ORENZO 1>. EVANS. Our subject is one 
of the thousands of brave and loyal men 
afc- who came forward in the time of their 
country's trial and threw their lives in the balance 
with the chances of war that the L'nion might be 
preserved and the brotherhood which is now be- 
coming an accomplished fact between North and 
South, re-established. He is at present a general 
farmer owning one hundred and Gfty-three acres 
on section 4, Flat Branch Township, lie is the 
happy possessor of some of the best land in the 
town-hip and can view his acquisition with pride, 
as it is the result of his own industry and energy. 
Mr. Evans was born in Montgomery County, at 
Mt. Sterling, Ky., December 11. 1825. He comes 
of Maryland ?tock. His father. John Evans, who 
was a native of Wales, when young, came to 
the United state- and lived near Baltimore with 
hi- parent- fur some years. The family, however. 
removed to Montgomery County. Ky.. and there 
William Evans remained for some lime, lie re- 
turned to Baltimore, Md., where he died and was 
buried by the side of his wife who had there passed 
away before the removal of his family to Ken- 
tucky. William Evans lived t.> he an old man. 
IK- served through the War of 1812 and was a 
brave soldier. Hi? sons inherited from him his 
valor, fur all of them later sewed through the late 



Rebellion, and one who had been Provost Marshal 
of Mt. Sterling, was Later killed h\ an enemy, 
who in a cowardly manner, shot him in the back, 
while entering a store. Much enmity grew out of 
this and the family feud even endangered the dif- 
ferent families in the vicinity, nor did our subject 
escape these dangers, for he had many a hair- 
breadth escape from the enemy. 

After the coming of John Evans to .Montgomery 
County, Ky., he received training in a farmer's 
life, and lived and died in his adopted State, being 
quite an old man at the time of his decease. lie 
had there taken unto himself a wife whose maiden 
name was Miss Ann Beecraft, who was born near 
Baltimore. Md.. her parents being Benjamin and 
Elizabeth Beecraft. They came from Wales to this 
country and after living for some time in Mary- 
land, they settled in Kentucky. Their deaths, 
however, took place in Indiana. The daughter, 
Mrs. John Evans, after her marriage passed her life 
in Montgomery County, Ky., and there died. Our 
subject aud a sister are all who are now living of 
this family, lie inherited the fibre of bis sturdy 
Welsh ancestors and grew up full of the energy 
and determination known to but few men of his 

When the call was made for volunteers to flghl 
for liberty and freedom. Mr. Evans enlisted in the 
Thirteenth Regiment of Illinois Infantry. He 
served under Gen. Sherman and was in the engage- 
ment against Gen. Johnson at Charlotte. N. C, 
and saw active service until the close of the war, 
when he received an honorable discharge for his 
services in I860. He served as a private but had 
been a true and brave man and for his loyalty and 
valor no better record could lie referred to than 
his Colonel. Mr. Lawrence, of Madison, Capt. Jones, 
of the same place and Lieut. Lewis, of Munsev, 

Our subject has ever been a close student of 
human nature, it having been one of his greatest 
pleasures to study character as found in his travels 
throughout the country. This knowledge of hu- 
man nature has given him a great advantage in his 
dealings with men. He is a man who has exper- 
ienced much that is known to develop the sternest 
Characteristics Of one's nature. His early experi- 

ence in Kentucky when involved in the feud that 
threatened himself and family, taught him vigi- 
lance and caution, while it developed daring and 
recklessness. When Mr. Evans was a young man 
the hot blood -of the Southerner of Kentucky was 
even more pronounced than now. and a man took 
his life in his hands, when by a word, he acquired 
the hostility of an acquaintance. 

Mr. Evans was married in 1 K 1 « while in Ken- 
tucky, to Margaret Reibland who was born and 
reared ill that State. She is the mother of eight 
children, four of whom are now dead, having 
passed away in early years. Those who have a 
monument in the heartsof their parents, are Anna. 
Margaret, Mary E. and Wallace. The living chil- 
dren are Sarah .1.. Jennie. John W. and Lorenzo 
I). Sarah is the wife of William Simpson, who is 
proprietor of a farm in this township. Jennie is 
the wife of Jerome La Don and lives on a farm in 
Moweaqua Township. John W. took to wife Eliza- 
beth Gordon, and now lives in Donovan. III. 
Lorenzo D. is a farmer in this township. 




A WHENCE WARREN. No family in Shelby 
County has been more closely identified 
with the development of its vast resources 
than the gentleman whose name introduces these 
paragraphs. He is the proprietor of a beautiful 
and well-appointed farm, picturesquely situated on 
section 9, Tower Hill Township. The estate, which 
comprises one hundred and sixty acres, slopes 
toward the south and with its attractive residence, 
substantial farm buildings and cultivated fields 
forms a picture not easily forgotten. It is our 
pleasure to present on another page a view of this 
tine place. Step by step Mr. Warren worked his 
way until his worldly affairs were placed on a sub- 
stantial basis, and to-day he is numbered among the 
well-to-do men of the county. While advancing 
his financial interests he has not neglected the 
better things in life, but has discharged in an able 
manner the duties of citizenship, and helped to ele- 
vate the intellectual and moral status of the section 
in which he has made his home. 


- =_: ; ; ■- - ■■ - - -- : Y--~''- -'^~: 



y t -. ■ 




For tin- history of tin- parents of Mr. Warren 
the reader is referred to the sketch of -I. R. Warren 
un another page of this volume. Lawrence Warren, 
who was the tiftli in a family of six children, was 
was liorn in Pickaway t '< unity. ( )hii>. May II. 1829, 
In his native place lie passed his childhood and 
youth uneventfully, attending the district schools 
during the winter season and aiding in farm work 
during summer. lie has made agriculture his call- 
ing in life, although he has followed carpentering 
to some t xtent. 

When read j to establish a home of his own. Mr. 
Warren was married. August 2t. 1*.">4. to Miss 
Mary Ann. daughter of John and Catherine ( Rein- 
hammer) stout, natives of Pennsylvania. Mr. 
and Mrs. Stout were married in the Keystone Mate. 
whence they removed to Pickaway County, Ohio. 
and there the father died. The mother survived 
him a few years and passed away in Sandusky 
County, Ohio. They had six children, the eldest 
dying in Pennsylvania. Mrs. Warren, who was 
the third, was horn in Walnut Township, Pickaway 
County, Ohio, January 1. 1832, and was reared to 
womanhood under the parental roof, acquiring a 
good education and a knowledge of housewifely 

Immediately after their marriage Mr. Warren 
brought his wife to Illinois, making the journey 
in an emigrant wagon and Locating in Christian 
County. After a sojourn there of two years, he 
came to this county and purchased the farm in 
Tower Hill, which is still his home. Of his union 
ten children were born whose record is as follows: 
.lames M.. who died at the age* of twenty years: 
Emanuel F., who is a professor in the Western 
College at Toledo, Iowa: John, a farmer; Nelson, 
who married Mis- Anna 11. Rosenberry and is a 
farmer: Lewis II. and George W., farmers; Mary I., 
who died when nineteen years old: Nora J.; Otis 
W., and Edward N. 

Every measure calculated to contribute to the 
progress of the community rinds a firm friend in 
Mr. Warren, who is well known as a public-spirited 
citizen. In politics he is a Prohibitionist. He was 
the first Township Clerk in Tower Hill, ha- served 
as Highway Commissioner and held various school 
offices. Religiously he i- a member of the Metho- 

dist Church, while his wife belongs to the United 
Brethren Church, (if a genial and hospitable 
nature, it is not strange that his position among 
the citizens of this section is an influential one. 
ami that he numbers his friends among the worth- 
iest wherever he is known. 


ESTEH ('. FLEMING. Every traveler 
I ^ who passes along the highway is led to ad- 
1 — X mire the farm buildings of Mr. Fleming 
on section "2'.'. East Nelson Township. These are 
still new enough to have retained their pristine 
freshness a nd the impression made by their attractive 
appearance is re-inforced by a thorough examina- 
tion of their convenient and commodious arrange- 
ment. This farmer appreciates fully the true 
economy of lieing saved from the wear and tear 
which are incident to a poor home, illy-arranged 
barns, leaky sheds and tumble-down fences, and he 
has provided generously for both his family and 
his stock. 

Isaac Fleming, who was the father of Lester, 
was horn in Cumberland County, Md.. in isis. 
and married Miss Kittie A. Hilton, who was horn 
in the same county in lsl7. Their early married 
life was spent in Knox (ounty. Ohio, and they 
came thence to Moultrie County, 111., in 1864, set- 
tling in East NelSOn Township which has continued 
to be the family home with the exception of three 
years spent in Whitley Township. The father 
passed from this life in 1S8S on the 27th of Octo- 
ber, hut the mother still survives. ( )f their family 
our subject was the seventh in order of age and 
was horn in Knox County. Ohio, June 2s. 1S4S. 

Lester ('. Fleming came with his parents to lib 
nois and resided under the parental roof until his 
marriage which took place in 1S74 in Moultrie 
County, his hride being Mis- Mary II. Mathers, who 
hore to him one child, .lames I. Mr-. Mary B. 
Fleming did not long remain to enjoy her home. 
hut died in September, 1S77 in East Nelson Town- 
ship. The second wife of our subject hore the 
maiden name of Anna 15. Mallory and she also be- 
came the mother of one child. Hattie A., and died 



December 18, 1886. Some time subsequent to this 
sad event Mr. Fleming was married in Charleston, 

111., to Rosa Maxedon, who now presides over hi- 
pleasant home. 

For six year.- Mr. Fleming was engaged in op- 
erating a sawmill but aside from that and also 
during most of that time he gave his attention to 
fanning which Las been his chief business through 
life, as he thoroughly cultivates his eighty acres of 
land. In the spring of 1890 he became the Super- 
visor of Fast Nelson Township and so well did he 
-erve his constituents and transact the business of 
his county that he received his re-election to the 
same office in the spring of 1891. A- School Di- 
rector he has worked conscientiously to advance 
the schools of Easl Nelson Township and they are 
year by year rising to a higher plane. The plat- 
form of the Democratic party receives his hearty 
endorsement and in general intelligence he keeps 
abreast with the march of events and the world's 

Flsewhere in this volume appeal's a view of the 
home where Mr. Fleming and his family are com- 
fortably domiciled. 

ARON .1. LEWIS. Asa fine type of the 
citizens who have contributed to the pros- 
' perity of Moultrie County, the gentleman 
Qj whose name introduces these paragraphs 

deserves especial mention. His splendid farm com- 
prises one hundred and two acres on sections li and 
7. Lowe Township, and is embellished with every 
necessary and convenient structure, good stock 
being kept and improved machinery used. The 
re-iilence. a view of which appears on another 
page, is a home-like structure, in which good cheer 
for mind and body is always to be found. During 
an honorable career as a sagacious agriculturist 
Mr. Lewis has displayed those -olid traits of char- 
acter that are needful to the attainment of fortune 
in any calling, and in his dealings with all he has 
ever shown himself to be a man of probity. 

The immediate progenitors of our subject are 
•lames T. and Paulina (Hostetler) Lewis. The 

father, now deceased, was born in Kentucky, but 
when quite young removed with his parent- to 
Orange County. Ind.. where he ixrew to a vigorous 
manhood amid primeval scenes. When ready to 
establish a home of his Own he was married to 
Paulina Ilotstetler. a native of Indiana, where 
after their union they settled in Orange County. 
This continued to be the home of the father until 
he closed his eyes to the scenes of earth September 
■>•>. 1852. The mother still survives at the ad- 
vanced age of eighty-one years, and makes her 
home in Indiana. She is a noble-hearted woman. 
whose children may "rise and call her blessed." 
She carefully reared her children, of whom there 
were- eight, to till positions of usefulness and re- 
sponsibility, and in working for their welfare her 
hands never wearied. 

The subject of this notice is now in the prime 
of life, having been born March 23. 1839, in 
( (range County. Ind. He was reared on a farm 
and early acquired a practical knowledge of agri- 
culture, and havinga natural aptitude forthisavo- 
cation, he chose it for his life calling when the 
time came for him to start out in life for himself. 
At the age of twenty-four years he was married, 
March 23, 1863, in Lawrence County. Ind.. to 
Miss Martha J. Coward, the daughter of William 
and Eliza (Martin) Coward. Mr. Coward is sup- 
posed to have been a native of Tennessee, while 
the mother was born in Washington County, Ind. 
They settled in Lawrence County, Ind.. where the 
faithful mother died in 1854. Twenty years later 
the father came to Moultrie County. 111., of which 
he has since been a resident. Mrs. Lewis, who was 
the fourth among seven children, was born in Law- 
rence County. Ind.. November 7. is) Land by 
careful training at home she became well pre- 
pared for the responsibilities of her married life. 

Immediately after the marriage of our sub- 
ject he brought his young bride to Moultrie 
County on a visit, and both were so well pleased 
with the appearance of the country that they con- 
cluded to make it their home. Accordingly, in the 
spring of 1864, they came hither to locate perma- 
nently, and this has since been the scene of their 
active labors. Having from youth been engaged 
in agricultural pursuits. Mr. Lewis is a practical 



agriculturist, and the air of thrift about his home- 
stead indicates t" every beholder that he is :> man 
of enterprise and good management. He settled 
on his present place in December. 1875. and bere 
he and his estimable wife have reared to maturity 
their seven children, whom they named as fol- 
low-: Benjamin I".. Anna K.. Mary K.. William 
('.. II. ( .. Gertie M. and Jessie L. Mr. Lewis 
has never been an office-seeker, but uniformly 
cast- bis ballot for the candidates of the Demo- 
cratic party, whose principles he believes to be 

MIOMAS M. WILMER Many prosperous 
farmers am) stock-raisers art- to be found 
"ssdy. within tin bounds of Oconee Township, 
Shelby County, and perhaps in> one of them is 
more notable for general intelligence and worth 
both in his person and hi> family than lit' whose 
name appears at the head of this paragraph, He 
wa> born in Warren County, X. J., -August "2."). 
1835. His parents were William A. and Catherine 
(Morrell) Wilmer. The father was a native of 
Pennsylvania, bora in Philadelphia in l*u."> and 
the mother was horn the same year in Essex 
( ounty, N. J. Five children came to cheer this 
home, of whom our subject is the eldest. 

The brothers and sisters of our subject are as 
follows: William R.. horn in 1838, enlisted as a 
private in Company P>. Seventy-third Illinois In- 
fantry. He was promoted to be Hospital Steward 
of his regiment and afterward Adjutant of the 
regiment and was killed in battle at Franklin. No- 
vember 30. 1864; Francis M., bora in 1840, enlisted 
in Company <;. Fifth Illinois ( avalry. He partic- 
ipated in many maneuvers and engagements but 
died at home in 1864. of sickness while on a fur- 
lough. He had been promoted to the office of 
First Sergeant of his company; Theodocia R.. bora 
May 25, 1841, was also one of the victims of the 
war. Her affianced was the Captain of a company 
in the Fifth Illinois Cavalry and died in service. 
Miss Wilmer, never very strong, took to her bed 
upon hearing the news of his death ami never re- 

covered from the shock but died in September, 
1865; Lambert, born November 9. 1844, married 
Miss Maggie McConnell in Shelby County in 1867. 
and engaged in farming. He had a bronchia] or 
lung trouble and removed to Colorado in 1881, 
hoping for relief but died at Ft. Morgan in that 
Mate in 1887. 

The removal of our subject from New Jersey to 
Illinois, occurred in March. 1*.">7. and he was then 
a young man under tin parental roof, which was 
located on the farm where he now reside-. His 
father was an itinerant minister of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. Thomas Wilmer was married 
in September, 1865, to Miss Lydia A. Reed who 
was horn in Mercer (Ounty. N. J., June :?. 1*47. 
Her parents came from New Jersey to this county 
in l. s ">7 and located in Oconee Township where 
they died, both in one year — 1883. In their fam- 
ily there were eleven children, namely: John, 
Abram, Winchester 11.. Achsa. Lydia A.. Alice. 
Willard, Charles. George, Mary and Emily. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Wilmer five children have been 
horn: Catherine M.. who first saw the light March 
2, 1867, has been a teacher in the public school- of 
Shelby County, for several year-: Anna E., born 
March 4. 1869, is also following the same profes- 
sion; Francis, horn December 17. 1871, is also 
qualified as a teacher, having passed a successful 
examination: Clara <;.. horn August 10, 1874,and 
Classena, horn February 6, 1880, are at home. 

Mr. Wilmer has always followed the business of 
farming, although he was educated for the profes- 
sion of a surveyor. He is a Republican in politics 
and takes an interest in public affairs, making an 
effort to keep himself informed on the current 
event- of the day. He is a thorough and sytematic 
leader. Mr. Wilmer is a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, although his preference i- for 
the Congregational body. Loth the paternal and 
maternal grandfather of our subject were soldiers 
in the Revolutionary War. The maternal grand- 
father. Thomas Morrell. held the rank of Major 
in the Fourth Regiment of New Jersey Conti- 
nentals and was wounded at the battle of Long 
Island anil left on the field for dead. (Hil- 
ton 15. Fisk in the New York Independent state- 
that Gen. Washington detailed four soldier- to 



carry Maj. Morrell to his father's house at Eliza- 
lii'ili. N. -I. On recovery he rejoined the army and 
remained with it until after the battle of Brandy- 
wine when his wound broke out afresh and he was 
compelled to leave the service. He spent twenty 
years of his later life as a Methodist minister. He 
was horn in New York City in 1717 and died in 
Elizabeth, X. J.,in L838. 

-OOsV^^oR - ^ ^ 



ILLIAM II. SNELL. The gentleman of 
whom we write, although deceased, still 
lives in the esteem and affection of his 
family, friends and neighbors, having, although 
modest and retiring in his temperament, always 
held an unimpeachable reputation for integrity and 
honor, ami being one whose adherence to principle 
»avc an elevating influence to those with whom he 
came in contact. He passed away from this life 
bidding his friends a last goodnight, that he might 
enter into < oid's upper light, from his home on 
section 19, Flat Branch Township. Shelby County, 
October 7, 1890. He was one of the pioneers of 
State, having located here in 1840, at which time 
he settled on a tract of new-, unbroken land. 

In 1842. he located on section 19, of Flat Branch 
Township, where he improved one hundred and 
sixtv acres of land, converting it from its virgin 
wildness, until it became a garden spot, luxuriant 
with waving grain and dotted with mild-eyed 
kine. Here he spent the most active part of his 
life. He was born in "Warren County, Ohio. Octo- 
ber l'.». 1816, where he remained until he became 
of aire. A full history of his family may be found 
under the biographical sketch of Fred P. Snell. 

Our subject was first married in his native 
county to Thisby .1. Briggs, who was bora and 
reared in New Jersey. She was of New England 
parentage and came to Ohio when a young woman. 
she was engaged in the work of teaching before 
her marriage with Mr. Snell. With her husband 
she came to Illinois in 1840 and bravelj assisted 
him not only by her prudence and economy, but 
also in a material way. in getting a start in life. 
She died here while yet in the prime of life. 

leaving six little children to her husband to mourn 
her decease, three of whom have since died. The 
living children are Sally. Fred M. and Mary 1). 
Sally became the wife of Joseph McGrath, and 
now resides on a farm in Flat Branch Township. 
Fred M. took to wife Mary C'ertin. and now lives 
near Day. Kan., where he is engaged in farming. 
Mary I>. is the wife of Charles Mazy. They also 
are farmers in Flat Branch Township. 

Our subject was a second time married, his nup- 
tials taking place in Flat Branch Township, and 
the lady who consented to be the sharer of his joys 
and sorrows, was Miss Louisa .1. Washham. She 
was born in the East, having come West while a 
young woman, and died in middle life on the old 
home place. She left a family of four children 
who are. Daniel B. Pugh E.. Cornelia A. and 
Edward M. The eldest son took to wife .lane 
Wolf and lived on a farm in Kansas. The second 
son was united in marriage to Lois E. Wbrley and 
resides in Ridge Township, on a farm. Cornelia 
A. is the wife of Samuel Haverlield. and lives at 
Assumption, this State; her husband belongs to the 
army of noble men and women educators. Edward 
was united in marriage to Lulu Proctor, and lives 
in Assumption. 

Our subject was a third time married. The cer- 
emony took place in Buell Township. Shelby 
County, the lady being Mrs. A. Catherine Black, 
net- Summers, she was a native of Washington 
County, Md.. where she was born August 1. 1832. 
She is a daughter of Adam and Nancy (Ilimes) 
Summers, natives of Tennessee and Maryland. Her 
parents were married in Washington County. Md.. 
and there lived until middle age. They were old 
residents of the county when they died. Tiny were 
of German slock, and Lutherans in religious pref- 

Mis. A. Catherine Snell was only a small child 
when her parents died. She had but one sister. 
Mrs. Delano, now Mrs. Eckton, of Washington 
County, Md. Mrs. Snell was reared by an uncle. 
Jacob Himes and was eighteen years of age when 
she came with him to Illinois. Her first marriage 
took place in Shelby County, her husband being 
I .losiah L. Black who was a native of Pennsylvania 
and came ^Vest when in middle life, passing from 



this life at Prairie Bird, this county. He left one 
child, Andrew D.,who tooktowife Minnie Spregg. 
The\ make their home with Mrs. Snellat Moweaqua. 
By her marriage with our subject, Mrs. Snell is the 
mother of eighl children, six of these are deceased, 
those having passed away being Lillie B.. Thomas. 
Myitie M.. Russell P., Ofa ().. and Emilia, who died 
eighteen months after her marriage. The living chil- 
dren are Alice 1). who is the wife of Hiram B. 
Goatley. Their home is in Moweaqua; William 
lives with his mother at the old homestead. 

Mr. Snell was an active member of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church in which he had been a 
Steward for some time. His deceased wives and 
his widow were one with him in his religious pref- 
erence. Since the death of her husband Mrs. Snell 
has made her home in Moweaqua. She is an 
amiable and womanly woman and although ad- 
vanced in years, retains perfectly, all her faculties. 

Mr. Snell was a charter member of the order of 
Masons in Moweaqua. 


HARLES M. BANE, lie who views the 
panorama of humanity with a broad and 
V far-seeing vision finds much to interest 
him in the prospective greatness of young men. 
He loves to note the characteristics, habits and 
ambitions winch point in this direction and to 
prophesy in regard to those who give promise of 
prominence. The future is of course hidden from 
human eyes, yet a shrewd reader can feel free to 
foretell much. Among those residents of Sullivan. 
Moultrie County, whose future is thus of interest 
is the young man whose name appears at the head 
of this paragraph. 

Mr. Bane is doing a general law business in 
Sullivan, having been admitted to the bar in 18KK. 
Upon November 22 of that year, he was examined 
at Springfield by the Appellate Court in session 
there and received his license from the Supreme 
Court during the January following. He had 
formerly been a student in the law office of R. 
Peadro. whose biography is to be seen elsewhere in 

this volume. He has been all his life a resident of 
this county, as he was born in Sullivan Township, 
October 2. 1X67), and received the training of a 
farmer's boy and a common-school education. 

Our subject is the son of Archie and Esther 
(Bewis) Bane, both natives of Illinois, having 
been born and reared in Coles County, but coming 
to Moultrie County where they afterward met and 
were married. They made a fine farm here and 
the mother was taken away in the prime of life, 
dying June 2. 1871. She was a member of the 
old school Baptist Church and was universally 
esteemed for her beautiful Christian character, her 
broad charity and genuine friendliness. She left 
six children and two had preceded her to the other 
world. Their names were Margaret and Elizabeth 
and a son William passed away immediately after 
his mother's departure. 

The five children of Archie and Esther Bane 
who are yet living, are Louisa E.. the wife of C. 
1'. Martin, a farmer in Whitley Township, this 
county; James B., who married Mary E. Martin 
and is farming in East Nelson Township: Lucinda 
J., who is the wife of W. H. Steven and lives upon 
a farm in Palmyra. Mo.; our subject, and Archie 
A., who took to wife Martha Miller and is farm- 
ing in Whitley Township. 

The father of these children contracted a second 
matrimonial alliance, choosing as his wife Miss 
Nancy E. Mehan. She was born in Illinois and 
reared in Shelby and Moultrie Counties. Since 
this marriage Mr. Archie Bane lias been farming 
in Moultrie County and now lives in Whitley 
Township. Both he and his wife are active mem- 
bers of the old school Baptist Church and Mr. 
Bane is a thorough-going old-fashioned Democrat 
who has held various local offices and served as 
Justice of the Peace for years in Sullivan and 
East Nelson Townships. 

Our subject is a bright and promising young 
man, well known as possessed of good habits and 
excellent character. His aspirations are for the 
best and highest ideals and his honorable intention 
and thorough integrity mark him as one who will 
ever have the confidence of his fellow-men. His 
political views have led him to affiliate with the 
Republican party and he is progressive in his ideas 



in regard to public matters. He is still living in 
:i state of single blessedness and his best friends 
predict that when he does take the step which will 
double his joys and halve his sorrows he will make 
an alliance that will be a credit to his judgment 
and his heart. 



1^ EZEKIAH WAGGONER. The gentleman 
whose name is at the head of this sketch is 
the owner of a line farm located on section 
2;5.of Whitley Township, Moultrie County. 
He is a native of this county, being born here 
June 5, 1838, and a son of George and Bethaney 
(Haney) Waggoner, who came to tins State in 
April. 1828. and settled on Whitley Creek in what 
is now known as Whitley Township. The parents 
of our subject were natives of North Carolina, in 
which State they were married and whence they 
came to Illinois. At the time of their coming 
hither there was quite an exodus from their native 
town, several other families accompanying them 
and all came through in two one-horse wagons. 

George Waggoner entered land in Whitley 
Township, and started out in life without a dol- 
lar. In the early days of their settlement here 
in order to get some Hour or meal ground, he was 
obliged to journey to Vandalia with his wheat 
or corn and patronize a mill run by horse power. 
The nearest market was St. Louis, anil at that time 
the butter, eggs and other produce of the farm had 
to be taken thither by wagon and sold in exchange 
for the necessary commodities of farm life. These 
were the inconveniences of pioneer settlement, but 
in many respects life was not hard, for game was 
plentiful, and the ground easily tilled and aston- 
ishingly fertile and productive. Indians, it is true. 
were numerous, but were also friendly. Although 
.Mr. Waggoner was all his life an industrious, 
hard-working man. he remained a poor man. lie 
lived to the age of four-score years and died June 
12. 187."). Our subject's mother had died some 
years previously at the age of fifty-one years. 

The old people reared a family of twelve chil- 
dren, their names being as follows: Alvin, Robert 

and Cecilia are deceased; Sarah. William. Isaac ('., 
Elizabeth, Isaiah. llezekiah, Narcissa, Hannah and 
Ira. Elizabeth married John 1>. Dougherty, she 
died in this county in November, 1889; Isaiah is a 
Baptist clergyman in Nebraska; Hannah is the 
widow of Thomas S. Dougherty. Our subject's 
parents were members of the old-school Baptisl 
Church, lie of whom we write was reared on a 
farm and received such early educational advan- 
tages as could lie attained at the school which the 
district afforded in those early days. 

He of whom we write was married in March 22. 
1863, to Cornelia Bullock, a daughter of Stephen 
and l.avina (Iloyck) Bullock. She was born in 
Delaware County. X. Y., September 22, 1846 and 
came to this State with her parents in I8,">7. her 
family settling in Whitley Township on a farm. 
Mrs. Waggoner's parents died in 1879, her father 
having attained the age of three-score years and 
ten, while the mother was seventy-one years of 
age at the time of her death. The lady is one of 
seven children who were born to her parents and 
all lirst saw the light of day in the Slate of New 
York. One girl died in childhood in the Umpire 
State and six came to this State with their parents. 
John died in this county; George resides in Lowe 
Township, as does also Reuben; Klisha lives m 
Greenwood County, Kan.; Cornelia is Mrs. Waggo- 
ner, wife of our subject; Milton resides in Lowe 

After marriage Hie original of our sketch settled 
on the farm where he now resides. There was 
originally but forty acres in the tract which he 
purchased and this was entirely unimproved land. 
He is now the owner of two hundred and forty 
acres of land, all of which is under most excellent 
cultivation. Mr. Waggoner has followed mixed 
husbandry anil has been reasonably successful. He 
and his wife have made a pleasant home that is the 
rendezvous for the best class of people in the 
neighborhood. They arc the parents of eight chil- 
dren, seven of whom have lived to be grown. 
Their names are Milton. Narcissa F.: Quincy, who 
is the wife of U. G. Armentrout; Newton, Ruth, 
Cornelia and Richard. They are all bright, ener- 
geticand progressive. Those who have grown to he 
men and women take hold of the duties which lie 



nearest them and fulfil] them to the tn-st of their 
ability, which in Itself, secures success. Mrs. 
Waggoner is a member of the Predestinarian Bap- 
tist Church. Politically he is a member of the 
Republican party, being a firm believer and adher- 
ent of every tenet and plank of its platform. 

fps=a A.Ml'HI. YANTIS is a farmer located on 
^^£ section 30, of Pickaway Township. lie 
v£2) P avs particular attention to the breeding 
of Polled Angus cattle and is the owner 
of a tine farm comprising one hundred and sixty 
acres, all of which is under a high state of cultiva- 
tion, lie has redeemed this land from crude un- 
broken prairie and has made it prolific to an aston- 
ishing degree. He has occupied the farm since 
1858, having thereon a fine residence that is not 
only comfortable and conveniently arranged, but 
is attractive and elegant. There are also barns 
that are filled to bursting with the products of the 

Mr. Yantis" farm bears an orchard in which are 
two hundred and fifty trees which are good fruit- 
bearers. The place is well watered and stocked. 
Our subject has lived in this township and county 
since his boyhood. He was born in Pickaway County. 
Ohio. April 20. 1*34. and is the eldest son of Dan- 
iel ami Elizabeth (Longenbough) Yantis. natives 
of Ohio, being there reared and married. In 1853 
they came as a family to Illinois, traveling thither 
by the overland route and livinga camp life on the 
way. They finally located in what is now Picka- 
way Township, this county, and here they began. 
They were in reduced circumstances but soon se- 
cured some new land and began the work of mak- 
ing new homes. The tracts which they secured 
proved to lie the best land in the county and they 
have ever since made this location their home. 

The father of the large family of which our sub- 
ject is the eldest, is still living and enjoying the 
afternoon of life, serene in the knowledge that he 
has earned his rest by early toil. Here it was that 
our subject grew up. lovingly cared for by his pa- 
rents but early learning the rigors of pioneer lift. 

He remained under the home roof until he became 
of aye. and has since been working on his own ac- 
count. He procured one hundred and sixty acres 
of fine land upon which he still lives. Mr. Yantis 
is one of the substantial men of the township, and 
a genial, good-natured fellow who is loved and 
respected by all who know him. 

Mr. Yantis" marriage occurred in this township 
and county, November 5, 1857. His wife's maiden 
name was Miss Amanda E. Miller. She was born 
in Fairfield County. Ohio, in 1836, being the 
daughter of ('. P. Miller, of whom see the biograph- 
ical sketch of W. C. Miller. When only four years 
of age Mrs. Yantis came with her parents to Illinois 
and settled on Robinson Creek, this county, where 
she was reared and educated. She is the eldest 
of the family and is an intelligent and callable 
woman, being one of the energetic, ambitious 
representatives of her sex in this township where 
she has become well known and much liked. 

Our subject and his wife are the parents of ten 
children, three of whom are now deceased: Cathe- 
rine was the wife of S. It. Cole; she died leaving 
one child, now also deceased. William and Henri- 
etta died early in life. The living children ait- 
George, Mary A.. Lydia .1.. Ellen. Harvey and Da 
vid. Of these the first mentioned took to wife 
Emma Erietz. and is engaged in fanning in this 
county: Mary A. is the wife of George M. Longen 
bough, a farmer in Colorado owning an extensive 
ranch; Lydia .1. is the wife of Stephen Cole, a far 
mer in this township; Ellen married Harry Hunter 
who also owns a farm in this township; the two 
youngest sons arc still under the home roof. 

TXANIEL WEIDNER. Twenty odd years 
Ijj of residence in such a county as Moultrie 
(gj^iir ijives a man an opportunity to show what 
is in him in the way of industry, enter- 
prise and integrity. He must by that time have 
gained for himself a reliable reputation for either 
good or ill, and have established himself among 
his neighbors. Our subject has thus lived in Dora 
Township, where he resides on section 20, and he 



has proved himself a thoroughly good neighbor, a 
successful agriculturist and a man of standing 
among his fellow-citizens. 

Mr. Weidner purchased eighty acres of land, 
which he found but slightly improved and en- 
tirely unbroken, when he first came into the county, 
and he lias added to it by purchase until he 
now possesses two hundred and ninety-three acres, 
upon which he has placed substantial improve- 
ments. He was born in Hocking County, Ohio, 
December 10, 1843. his honored parents being 
Frederick and Catherine Weidner, natives of Ger- 
many, and his paternal grandfather being George 
Weidner, who came many years ago to the United 
States and settled in Fairfield County, Ohio, where 
lie remained until death called him hence. He 
had reared a family of four sons and two daugh- 
ters, namely: Frederick. John, Godfred, Solomon, 
Phebe, Christina and Barbara. 

Frederick Weidner. the father of our subject. 
was married while residing in Ohio, and made his 
first home as a man of family in Hocking County, 
where he pursued farming, clearing up land in the 
woods and remaining there until his death, being 
snatched away in the prime of life at, the age of 
forty-seven years. His bereaved widow survived 
him for many years and reached the age of four- 
score and two years. She and her worthy husband 
were the parents of eleven children, seven of 
whom are still living, namely: George and John 
reside in Hocking County, Ohio; Solomon is living 
in Fairfield County, the same State; Daniel, our 
subject; l'hebe, who married William Fletcher and 
died in Dora Township: Catherine married David 
Ashbauch and resides in Nan Wert County. Ohio. 
and Barbara, who is the wife of William Walker 
and lives in Hocking County, Ohio. 

The ordinary life and training of a farmer's boy 
was given to Daniel Weidner in his youth and he 
grew up to a robust and active young manhood, 
and set about establishing himself both in his life 
work and in his life home. It was in 1867 when 
he Mas united in marriage to a lady who has been 
to him a congenial and helpful companion. Her 
maiden home was Mary A. Beery and she was born 
in Hocking County. Ohio. December 13, 184(1. 
being the daughter of Abraham Beery, She has 

been the mother of eleven children and has had 
the sorrow of laying five of her little ones in their 
graves. The six who survive are: Nannie, wife 
of Augustus Reeder; Frank, Lilly, Hettie, John 
and Elmer. 

The political views of our subject were formerly 
in accordance with the doctrines of the Demo- 
cratic party, but he is now independent of party 
ties. Both he and his excellent wife are earnest 
and active members of the church of the United 
Brethren, and in its communion and services they 
find a broad field for influence and work. Their 
standing among their neighbors gives them an in- 
fluence which is always exerted for good, and 
tlic success of Mr. Weidner in the cultivation and 
development of his farm his farm has earned for 
him the good opinion of all who know him. 

jJ-tJ-Ht-J i ' i ' 

•r ' I ' 

ACOB G. HOLDERMAN is the junior 
member of the firm of Scott tSi Holder man, 
proprietors of the Bethany Holler Mills, 
which are noted throughout the State for 
both quantity and quality of the farinaceous pro- 
duct which they prepare for use. Our subject was 
was located at Bethany where he engaged in busi- 
ness in September, 1KK7, and has since been a 
member of the above mentioned firm, which is 
broadly known as one upon whose word and judg- 
ment the greatest reliance may be reposed. Their 
dealing's have always been conducted on such a 
basis as to win the confidence of all with whom 
they are connected. 

lie of whom we write was born in Montgomery 
County. Ohio. January l>. 1850, and is a son of 
Joseph and Amanda (Wampler) Holderman. na- 
tives of Ohio and Maryland, respectively. He is 
the third in order of birth in a family of four 
children. His early life was passed on a farm in 
his native county. It was not his privilege to en- 
joy an extended education, though he was fond 
of books and made excellent use of his time at 
school. At the age of twenty years he went to the 
city of Indianapolis where he learned the milling 
business with the Gibson Milling Company. He re- 





mained in the employ of this company for four 
years, after which he went to Cincinnati and wa- 
in the employ of Root *v Co., for one year. 

Thus fully drilled and equipped with a knowl- 
edge of the business which he had chosen as that to 
which he should devote himself, our subjeel came 
to Deealur, 111., where he was in the employ of 
I).--. Shellebarger & Co., millers. After that he 
came to Bethany, Moultrie County, and became 
associated with A. B. Scott as partner in a milling 
business of their own. Bis career was begun by a 
thorough and complete overhauling of the entire 
mill. and in this work Mr. Bolderman showed him- 
self to be master of the mechanical workings of 
tin- business. When hi? work was finished the place 
was in first-class shape and besides being engaged 
as manufacturers they cany on a merchant and 
exchange business. The firm also deal- largely in 

Our subject was married in 1*7'.' to Miss Maggie 
Campbell, at the time of their marriage a resident 
of Indianapolis but a native of Scotland, and a 
daughter of Andrew Campbell. With her .Mr. 
tfolderman enjoyed but four years of marital felic- 
ity, her decease taking place in 1883. She left one 
little daughter whose name i- Marjery. Five years 
later Mr. Holderman was again married, taking as 
his companion a sister of his first wife. win >se given 
name is Mai. Their marriage was celebrated No- 
vember 14. 1888. Mrs. Holderman is an intelli- 
gent and bright woman whose wholesome presence 
animates and invigorate- those who are brought 
into communication with her. 

In hi.- political life he of whom we write i- a 
Democrat. Socially, he i.- a member of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellow-, and also of the 
Modern Woodmen of America. Mr. Holderman i- 
liberal in his religion- belief; his wife, however, i? 
a member of the Presbyterian Church, in which 
she i- an energetic and ardent worker, both for the 
support of the local organization and spreading of 
the ( rospel teachings. 

The father of our subject. Joseph Holderman. 
pursued farming as a business until the breaking 
out of the Civil War. when he entered the service 
with a regiment from Indianapolis and served four 
years a- trainmaster. After the war he was en- 

gaged a- a i ontractor ami builder at Indianapolis, 

during which he led a busy life. lb- i- spending 
his declining years at Troy, Ohio, our subject's 

mother died at Bunker Hill. Ind.. in 1857. of the 
parental family John M. was a soldier in the Union 
army during the Civil War. and was thus engaged 
for three vears. in which time he did honorable 
and effective service. After leaving the army he 
became a railroad man, being yardmasterat Lorain, 
( >hio. where he died when about forty years of age; 
George II. i- Superintendent of the fire alarm and 
telegraph at Indianapolis, Ind., and Orlando is a 
farmer at Hunker Hill. Ind. 

The paternal grandparents of our subject came 
from Pennsylvania at an early day and settled on 
the site now occupied by the National Soldiers' 
Home at Dayton, Ohio, the grandfather pursued 
the calling of fanning and was also a butcher and 
cattle dealer. Jacob O. Holderman. our subject. 
has been Very successful thus far in his career and. 
being a comparatively young man. he has a right 
to expect a greater degree of success to crown his 
plans and effort- for the future. 

ACKSON L. JENKINS. On the opposite 
page is presented a portrait of this gentle- 
man, who is a prominent farmer of Rural 
Town-hip. residing on section 14. and his 
residence in Shelby County date- from April. 1856. 
He was born in Delaware County, Ohio. June 30, 
1825. His parents were Jonathan W. and Rebecca 
I Rosecranz) Jenkins, native- of Pennsylvania. His 
father. Jonathan Jenkins, went to Ohio in 1816. 
He there married, and in 1835 removed with his 
wife to ( >gie County, and settled upon a farm, be- 
ing one of the early pioneers in that part of the 
state. Rebecca Jenkins was the mother of ten 
children, eight of whom lived to be grown, and of 
these our subject is the eldest. 

The father of our subject married a second time 
Mrs. Mulkins becoming his wife. He -till resides 
at Oregon, this state, and ha- attained a good old 
age. his natal day having been January 27. 1802. 



( )ur subject was but a boy when the family removed 
to Ogle County, and at that date there were at 
least tell Indians to every white man. Here our 
subject grew t<> manhood, and had a personal ac- 
quaintance with every man in Ogle County. He 
carried the first mail that was sent between Dixon 
,and Oregon, and the first mail bag that he ever 
-aw was one that he got at Dixon. He later ex- 
tended his mail route from Oregon to Buffalo 
Grove. At that time the mail wasearried onhorse- 
hack. He also carried the first mail pouches that 
were conveyed by wagons between ( hegon and 
Rockford. He was thus employed about four years. 
Our subject's father resided in town, but as he 
owned a farm near the village. \ oung Jenkins tilled 
the soil. In 1836 his father built the rtrst cabin in 
Oregon, having passed the winter of 1835-36 at 
Dixon. In 1856 our subject came to Shelby County, 
having previously purchased eighty acres of land, 
for which he paid $100. This he improved and 
sold, and since then his residence has been in Rural 
Township. The lumber for the first house which 
he built in Ogle County, our subject hauled from 
Chicago, a distance of one hundred miles, but when 
the dwelling was erected, its magnificence outshone 
anything in the county. He now owns two hun- 
dred and sixty acres of land in Rural Township. 

Mr. Jenkins has been twice married. .Inly 7. 
1850, he was united to Harriet L. Van Loon, who 
was a native of Delaware County. Ohio. She re- 
moved with her parents, Mathias and Elizabeth Van 
Loon to Ogle County, at an early age. she died 
in Shelby County in 1861, being only thirty-four 
years old at the time of her death. She left four 
children — Rebecca, John, William and George R. 
The eldest daughter is now the wife of V. J. Sevier 
and resides in Missouri. John and George make 
their homes in Rural Township, while William re- 
sides in Ridge Township. 

In 1 s i '> : i our subject married Mrs. Sarah A. Trav- 
ers nee Downs. She was a daughter of Daniel 
and Mary E. Downs, and married Alex Travels in 
L856. He died in 1862, leaving four children, all 
of whom passed away under twelve years of age. 
Mr. and Mrs. Jenkins have had eight children, 
seven of whom are living. They are Alice, who 
is the wife of Arthur Engle: Frank; Emma, who 

married William Mose; Chester, Effa, Edith and 

Our subject ami his wife are members in good 
standing of the Christian Church. Although in his 
political inclination Mr. Jenkins was formerly a 
Democrat, of late he has transferred his allegiance 
to the Farmers' Mutual Benefit Association. He is 
a man who is greatly interested in all progressive 
movements, the subject of education being one 
which is nearest and most important to him. for in 
it he realizes the influence that is strongest for 

g 1 in our country. He has held the position of 

School Director for thirty years, and has been a 
Road Commissioner for fifteen year-. 

Of a kindly and genial temperament, Mr. Jen- 
kins is beloved by all his fellow-townsmen, and 
having seen so many change- through which the 
country has passed since the days when he carried 
the mail over the prairie on horseback, he is a fer- 
tile source of information to those who are inter- 
ested in the history and advancement of their 


■ z 


OHN R. LEAN. Among the representative 

men of Jonathan Creek Town-hip. Moultrie 
County, who are prominent in business, 
farming, social and church circles, we are 
pleased to mention the name which appears at the 
head of this paragraph. Although still a young 
man Mr. Lean has proved himself in every sense 
of the popular word a ■■hustler". He is aggressive 
in hi- method- of conducting business and has in 
him enough "go-ahead-ativeness" to stock two 
or three ordinary farms. His beautiful farm, finely 
equipped with fences and all buildings necessary 
for the successful prosecution of work, give- abun- 
dant testimony to his thoroughness and success. 

James Bean, the father of our subject, was born 
in Monroe County. Ind.. and the mother Elizabeth 
(Collins) Lean, who was a native of Tennessee, 
died in Moultrie County, in September. 1880. They 
first settled in Monroe County. Ind. and resided 
there until I860, when they came to Moultrie 
County, and made a permanent settlement in Sul- 
livan Township. They had seven children of whom 



our subject was next to the youngest in age and 
he was born in Monroe County, [nd., Sept. 24, 1854. 
He was consequently about six years old when his 
parents left Indiana and moved to Illinois and it 
was in Moultrie County that he grew to the vig- 
orous and active manhood which we here recog- 
nize. James Bean removed to Kansas in IS.S7.and 
for two years resided in Clay County. 

Men who have had in their youth every educa- 
tional advantage, whose parents have been able to 
give to them a college and university training can 
hardly appreciate the feelings of a man who has 
had to struggle single-handed to attain his intelli- 
gent knowledge of letters and of the world which 
every ambitious man craves. To those who have 
thus educated themselves great credit is due and the 
accomplishment of their laudable desire should 
receive its just meed of praise. The educational 
advantages offered to John R. Bean were extremely 
limited and he may well lie called a self-made man. 

This young man resided under the parental roof 
up to the age of fifteen years, when he began life 
for himself by working for two years in a sawmill 
and afterward being employed at farm labor. Farm- 
ing has been his chief business in life and to do it 
he has devoted unceasing effort. lie was married 
in Moultrie County March (J. 1S77. his wife being 
Miss Nancy Drew, who was born in this county 
January 5. 1851. This respected couple have been 
called upon to lay one child in the grave — Frankie 
C. who died in infancy. The three bright and 
promising children who are still with their parents 
are Ida A.. Walter C. and Edna M. 

Every enterprise which concerns the industrial 
and social progress of Moultrie County finds an 
efficient and active promoter in Mr. Bean, and he 
is one of the five incorporators of the Moultrie 
County Board of Agriculture. He is a stockholder 
in this institution and for seven years he has be- 
longed on its Hoard of Directors. He has also held 
the office of School Treasurer, and with his noble 
wife is an active member of the Christian Church. 
He possesses a beautiful farm of one hundred and 
twenty-eight acres, upon which he has erected excel- 
lent farm buildings and where he has made other 
substantial improvements. Every movement which 
has for its object the welfare of the farming com- 

munity is of importance in hiseyesand he is prom- 
inently identified with tin' Farmers' Mutual Benefit 
Association. In politics he is a Republican and he 
has been Chairman of the Jonathan Creek Town- 
ship Republican Committee for six years. 

KA ICHAEL E. SNYDER isa farmer and stock- 

/ \\ raiser of Moweaipia Township, who iscon- 
/ : .s tributing his quota to the preservation of 
* its prosperity as a rich agricultural centre. 

He was born April 1. 1S.V.I in a pioneer home in 
Brown County. Ohio. Jacob Snyder was the name 
Of his father, and he was born in one of the Rhine 
Provinces in Germany. His father, who bore the 
same name as our subject, was born in the same 
locality as his son. and resided there until 1824. 
In that year he came to the United States with five 
of his seven children, and he lived in Pennsylvania 
until 1S27, when he became a pioneer of Ohio. He 
resided for a time at Cincinnati, but he finally 
bought a farm in Brown County, where he made 
his home until his mortal career was ended by death. 

The father of our subject was reared in the land 
of his birth, and was there married to Elizabeth 
Shilp, who was a native of the same locality as her 
husband. In 1S24 Mr. Snyder came to this coun- 
try, bringing with him his wife and two children 
that had been born to them in their old home. For 
a time he was a resident of Pittsburg, but he sub- 
sequently removed to Cincinnati, which was then 
only a small place, and he bought farm land now 
in the heart of the city. A few years later he re- 
moved to Brown County and bought four hundred 
acres of tine land, located two and one-half miles 
from Carlyle, and three miles from Arnhciui. 
There his years were busily and profitably passed 
until death released him from life. He and his 
good wife repose peacefully side by side in the 
pleasant Lutheran churchyard at Ainheim. They 
reared twelve children to lives of industry and to 
right living. 

The early life of their son Michael, who forms 
the subject of this brief sketch, was passed in his 
native county, and his education was conducted in 



its public schools. In 1865 he left Ohio to take 
up his residence in Illinois, where he shrewdly con- 
ceived that a young man of sufficient enterprise 
and capability could <h> well in agricultural pur- 
suits. His brother Daniel came with him, and to- 
gether they bought a farm in McLean County, near 
the town of El I'aso. In L875 he disposed of his 
share in that place at a good price,' and coming to 
Moweaqua Township, purchased eighty acres of 
land on section 32. which has since been his home. 
He lias bought other land, anil now has one hun- 
dred and forty-eight acres, that is admirably tilled, 
and yields abundant harvests in repayment for his 
hard toil. 

On May 18. 1<S7."> was the date of the marriage 
of our subject to .Miss Maggie Nottbook, a native 
of Moweaqua Township, and a daughter of Will- 
iam and Wilhelmina Nottbook, of whom a bio- 
graphy appears elsewhere in this work. Mr. and 
Mrs. Snyder have been blessed with the following 
four children — Annetta, Willie X., Elizabeth and 
Minnie. Oursubjectand his wife are found among 
the most respected membersof the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church, and their place in the community is 
among the people that are held in the highest con- 
sideration for kindly and upright lives. Our sub- 
ject was formerly a Democrat, but he is now a 
stanch Prohibitionist in word and deed. 

MERSOX RHODES, a respected and worthy 
citizen of Cushman and one of the promin- 
ent business men of that village, being en- 
gaged in merchandise and the transfer of grain, 
was born in what is now Moultrie County. 111.. 
June 29, 1837. He is a son of John and Rachel 
(Centony) Rhodes, the former being a native of 
North Carolina, born in 1808, and the latter being 
born in Kentucky, in 1811. It was in 1829 when 
this couple were married in Indiana, and three 
years later they came to Shelby County, 111., in Feb- 
ruary, 1832, and became pioneers here. Both died in 
Moultrie County after the division of counties was 
effected, the mother dying in 1879 and the father in 

1887. This departed couple were the parents of 
nine sons and one daughter, and live of these still 
survive. The children are. namely: Margaret,now 
Mrs. Souther, resides in Texas; Levi, died in 1802 
from the effect of measles while in the army, leav- 
ing a widow; William was twice married and lives 
at Anna, 111.; our subject; one who died in early 
infancy; Francis Marion died in 1862 while quite 
young; Loren and John who also died in early 
childhood; Ililery is married and lives on a farm 
in this county and Alfred, who is married and liv- 
ing in Bethany. 111. 

The gentleman of whom we write was united in 
the bonds of marriage upon New Year's Day. 1857, 
with Miss Matilda Roney. who was born in this 
county in 1835. Her parents. Joseph and Eliza- 
beth (Henderson) Roney, were very early settlers 
of Illinois and both of them natives of Kentucky. 
Soon after marriage Mr. Rhodes went South taking 
a tour for his health, and decided to make his 
home in Texas for seven years. It was in 18(56 
when he returned to his native county and three 
years later he returned to Texas, where he remained 
until 1883. While a resident of the Lone Star 
State he was a stock-dealer most of the time, and 
during a portion of his residence there he was on 
the Buffalo Range. In the fall of 1873 he built a 
mill, Caddo Johnson, Texas, investing several thou- 
sand dollars in this enterprise, which resulted in 
very serious embarrassment two years later by 
reason of its destruction by fire. He was a frontiers- 
man for many years and had frequent encounters 
with hostile Indians. Upon December 28, 1879, he 
had the misfortune to lose his companion by death. 

In the fall of 1883. Mr. Rhodes returned to his 
native county and married Maria Selby, who was 
born in this county in 1842. and whose parents 
were pioneers in the early days and still reside 
here. Her paternal grandfather, Joshua Selby, 
came to this county in 1830, and her parents, Nich- 
olas and Sarah (Goodman) Selby. were natives of 
Indiana. Immediately after his second marriage 
Mi-. Rhodes returned to Texas and brought his 
family to Moultrie County, where he has since re- 

The nine children by the first marriage are all 
living, namely: Theodore. Serilda J.. Barton. Mar- 



garet, John, William. Minnie. Charles and James. 
Five of ilu'in are residents of this county and four 
live in Johnson, Tex. To the second marriage one 
child was born, October 1"2. 1885, Gracie Gertrude 
by name. After his return to Illinois Mr. Rhodes 
was a farmer and operated a sawmill for about 
three years. He then engaged in buying grain and 
afterward combined that business with merchandis- 
ing. He carries a full stock of general merchan- 
dise, groceries, provisions, farm machinery, hard- 
ware, etc. Mrs. Rhodes has been the Postmistress 
at Cushman for about a year, and her husband was 
honored with the Deputyship. This lady is a 
worthy and consistent member of the Christian 
Church. Mr. Rhodes is a Democrat in polities and 
take:- an active interest in political affairs, serving 
a- School Director. 


I7SAAC RICHEY, a farmer and stock-raiser re- 
siding on section 13, Sullivan Township, Moul- 

1 trie County, was horn in Bedford County,Pa., 
May 7. 1845. Hi- parents were Abraham and Eliz- 
abeth (Bollman) Richey, and were natives of the 

Key-tone Mate. The father died in this county in 
1881, ami the mother, who still survives, reside- in 
Jonathan Creek Township, thi- county. She is 
now in her eighty-third year and has been the 
honored mother of nine children, five sons and 
four daughters. Of the latter only one remains 
on earth, but the sons are all living. 

Our subject came to Illinois with his parents in 
1866, and settled in Jonathan Creek Township as 
his father had purchased a farm there, on which 
the mother now lives. Mr. Richey has been twice 
married, his first wife being Ruth Homan, a na- 
tive of Kentucky. They were married in that 
State in 1879, and the young wife wa- called from 
earth about a year later. Our subject was a second 
time married, taking as his wife Mi— Anna A., 
daughter of David Kirkpatrick. Mrs. Richey is a 
native of Kentucky, and was horn in January, 
1859. Her parents still reside in the latter Mate. 
To this happy union four children were born, of 

whom one. Oliver J.. i> deceased. The remain- 
ing sons are: Clarence I).. Jessie Earl and Clyde I.. 

The business of farming has been the vocation 
to which Mr. Richey has devoted himself with en- 
ergy and enthusiasm throughout life, lie own- a 
line farm of one hundred and sixty acres, with 
good improvements and in a high state of cultiva- 
tion. A beautiful 'park surrounds his home and 
give- to it a charm which few houses can boast. 
The refinement and culture which is implied by 
thus beautifying one's abode is a delightful acquis- 
ition to any neighborhood. 

Mr. Richey is liberally inclined both in polities 
and religion. He has always voted for Republican 
candidates for President, but in state and local 
matter- he uses hi- own judgment in selecting the 
best man for the place and is governed in this by 
purely business principles. He never made any 
profession of religion, yet gives liberally of his 
means to the support of the Gospel and other re- 
ligious and benevolent enterprises, lie at one 
time belonged to the Patrons of Husbandry, but is 
not now connected with that body. The estimate 
in which he is held by his fellow-citizen- i- shown 
by the fact of his being twice elected to the office 
of Township Collector of Taxes, and his having 
been called upon to serve a- Supervisor of Road-. 

/1I.I.IAM .!. EDDY, a leading physician of 
Shelbyville, Shelby County, his native city. 
Vy wa- horn October 13. 1857. His father, 
the late William Eddy, a former well-known citizen 
of this county, was a native of the county of Cork. 
Ireland. His father was horn in the same county 
as himself , and was derived from Scotch ancestry. 
He wa- a shoemaker by trade and -pent his entile 
life in Ireland. 

The father of our subject early acquired the 
shoemaker's trade of his father, and followed it in 
his native land until his emigration to thi- country 
in is 17. He landed at New Orleans, and coming 
directly to Illinois, located at Galena, and was ac- 
tively engaged in the manufacture of -hoc- in that 



city for several years. In 1856 lie came toShelby- 
ville and worked at his trade here until lKTti. win n 
he removed to his farm near Lakewood, and was 
prosperously engaged in agricultural pursuits from 
that time until death closed his busy career in 
August, 1890, and deprived the county of a most 
worthy citizen, who had contributed his quota to 
its advancement. lie was a member of the Meth= 
odist Episcopal Church, and as a man of upright 
character was in every way deserving of the re- 
spect accorded to him. He was twice married. The 
maiden name of his first wife, mother of our subject, 
was Mary J. Roberts. She was a woman of many 
excellent qualities, and was a consistent member of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church. Her birthplace 
was in Cornwall, England, and she was a daughter 
of John S. Roberts, who was a native of the same 
shire as himself. He came to America with his 
family in IK 1(1, and first settled in Pennsylvania, 
after a residence there of a few years became one 
of the pioneers of Grant County, Wis. In 1856 
he came from there to this county, and identified 
himself with its fanners, buying a farm in Dry 
Point Township, on which lie made his home until 
his death. The mother of our subject departed 
this life in 1865. The father married a. second 
time, and by each marriage had four children. 

Dr. Eddy was given every advantage to secure 
a liberal education, laying a solid foundation in 
the city schools of Shelby ville. Three years' at- 
tendance at the Normal School, one year at Valpa- 
raiso, Ind. and two years at the State Normal at 
Carbondale, 111. still further advanced him in his 
studies. During that time he taught two terms of 
school, and employed his leisure hours in studying 
medicine, lie further prepared himself for the 
profession that he proposed to adopt for his life- 
work by becoming a student in the College of 
Physicians and Surgeons, at Chicago, from which 
he was graduated with a high standing in 1885. 
He at once opened an office in his native city, 
where he is well-known and popular, and soon won 
favor in his professional capacity, as he showed in 
his practice that he possessed in a full degree the 
requisites of a true physician — a sound knowledge 
of medicine, skill in diagnosing a case and in ap- 
plying remedies, and true tact and courtesy in his 

intercourse with his patients, lie is a member of 
the Shelby County Medical Society, and also of 
the Illinois State Medical Society, the American 
Association and of the Central Illinois District 
Medical Society. Religiously, he and his wife are 
members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

The Doctor was happily married in September, 
1K88, to Miss Carrie Chafee. a native of Ypsilauti, 
Mich., and a daughter of Dr. Noah F. Chafee, a 
well-known physician of this city, witli whom our 
subject is associated in practice. We are pleased to 
incorporate in this sketch a brief account of the 
life of Dr. Chafee. He was born in Vermont, Feb- 
ruary 6. 1833, a son of Daniel and Miranda (Haven) 
Chafee, who were also natives of the Green Moun- 
tain State. His father was a farmer, and died in his 
native State in 1839, leaving a widow and three 
sons. The mother removed with her children to 
Wayne County, N. V.. and three years later took 
up her residence in Monroe County, Mich., where 
she married again. 

Dr. Chafee grew to manhood in Michigan, and 
in 1862 came to Illinois. He stopped during the 
summer at Shelby ville, where, in the fall of l.SC>2, 
he enlisted as assistant Surgeon in the Fourteenth 
Illinois Infantry, he having previously graduated 
from the Medical Department of the Michigan 
University in the spring of 1862, and he therefore 
went to the front well prepared for his duties, and 
there gained a valuable experience amid the trying 
scenes on Southern battlefields and in army hospi- 
tals during the two years that he remained in the 
service. In 1863 he was with Gen. Sherman. In 
1864 he was in Georgia, and at Atlanta was taken 
prisoner while in the performance of his duties in 
caring for the wounded and dying, and was held 
in Libby Prison three weeks. After that he was 
returned to Springfield, 111., and as nearly all the 
men in his regiment were still prisoners, he was 

After the war Dr. Chafee returned to Michigan. 
and practiced medicine in Lenawee County until 
1884, when he came again to Shelbvville, and for 
some years has been associated in his profession 
with his son-in-law. Dr. Eddy. 

In April, 1864, while on a furlough, he was mar- 
ried to Miss Josephine McMath, a daughter of 



Samuel and Caroline McMatli, and :i native of 
Michigan. Tiny have had five children, three of 
whom died in childhood, and the others are Carrie, 
wife of Dr. Eddy, and Laura, who lives with her 

Dr. Chafee is a sound Republican, and always 
take* interest enough in public affairs to vote, but 
does not give much time to politics. Religiously, 
he is of the Methodist Episcopal faith. He is a 
thorough temperance man. and is in all respects a 
person of high character and standing asa physi- 
cian and a citizen. His record as a Surgeon in an 
Illinois regiment during the war is commemorated 
by his connection with the Grand Army of the Re- 


1!. TITUS. We are pleased to present i" 
our reader* a biographical -ketch of one of 
the prosperous citizens, thoroughly educated 
gentlemen and old settlers of Sullivan. 
Moultrie ( ounty. He i- one of the best known 
character* in this part of the county, and after hav- 
ing Keen an active and successful attorney, is now 
leading a retired life and looking after his real- 
estate interests in the place. He has been a resi- 
dent of the place since 1856, and one of its attor- 
ney* since l.*<(>2. The well known attorney. Hon. 
John R. Eden, and Judge Meeker, have been his 

Seime of the most valuable buildings in Sullivan 
have been put up by Mr. Titus, notably the Opera 
House Block, which he own*, and he has in the 
county some twelve hundred acres of land, most of 
it l>eiu>r in Sullivan Township, and all of it being 
finely improved. He i* one of the large property 
owners of the county, and the improvements upon 
his land have been mostly placed there by himself. 
He was County Clerk from 1865 to 1869, and while 
Supervisor of Sullivan Township, was Chairman of 
the Board. He ha* always been a live Democrat, 
and is frequently a delegate to Mute convention*. 

Our subject was born in Brookville. Franklin 
County, Ind.. and received hi* education in Miami 
College, being graduated in the Class of '58, and 

receiving the two degrees of Bachelor of Art*, ami 
Master of Art*. While in that institution, one of 
hi* instructors was Prof. David Swing, who is now 
so notable as a preacher in Chicago. After leav- 
ing Miami he entered the Law Schoolat Cincinnati, 
and was graduated at the Cincinnati Law College 
iii the Class of '60. He then spent two years in 
a law office in Cincinnati before coming to tin* 
place and also spent some time in teaching, lb' is 
a notable linguist, being the master of five differ- 
ent languages, and *tand* high among scholarly 

Mr. Titus has two children — a son, William li.. 
who is a practical farmer in Sullivan Township, 
and a daughter "Winnie, who is still at home with 
her father attending school and studying music, in 
which latter branch she is quite skillful. As a 
public-spirited man. a broad thinker and a pro- 
gressive citizen, Mr. Titus is a prominent figure in 





AMUEL WILsoN. Many of the best char- 
acteristics in every branch of social and 
commercial life, arc the outcome of the 
brawn and sinew of what is frequently 

called the middle cla*s of society; in reality, the 
best class, for in it is usually found a common 
sense and practical view of affairs that is often 
wanting in both the highest and lowest cla**c*. 
Our subject, although having tilled a humble por- 
tion in the ranks for some time, is one who by per- 
severance, energy and native ability has acquired 
much that many a richer man. and one who is 
pleased to think himself of a better cla*s. i* want- 
ing in. He is the owner of a neat little farm in 
Rural Township, having been a resident of Shelby 
County since 1875. 

Mr. Wilson was born in Delaware County, Ind.. 
February 28, 1848. He is a son of William and 
Lydia (Antrim) Wilson, native* of Pickaway 
County, Ohio. The\ were married however, in 
Indiana, and resided in that State the remainder of 
their lives. The father died in 1863 at the age 



of forty-five. They were the parents of nine 
children, eight of whom lived to be grown. They 
were: Sarah, Robert, Samuel, Emma. Alva, Lizzie, 
Martha and Florence. Of these Robert and Alva 
are deceased. 

After the death of our subject's father, his mother 
married :i second husband, but there were no chil- 
dren by this union. She is still living in Dela- 
ware County, 1ml.. and is the object of the filial 
affection and care of her children. Our subject's 
advent into this State was made in 1875. He 
worked by the year on a farm until 1*77, when he 
was united in marriage to Mary Ann Beckett, a 
daughter of William Beckett. She was born in 
Utica, N. Y. Our subject and bis wife have two 
children, Anna and Lenora, who are the pride and 
hope of their fond parents. Politically he of whom 
we write feels that his interests are best furthered 
by a union with his class, and he is a member of 
the Farmers' Mutual Benefit Association, although 
formerly he was a Republican. In his religious 
connection he is united with the Church of God, 
as is his wife, lie operates eighty acres of land. 


ftr^VARNABAS W. FULTON, a well-known and 
influential citizen of Moultrie County, bears 
ISjfi I a prominent part in various local affairs. 
^ — •* lie has an established reputation as a good 
farmer, and an upright man, and were it for no 
other reason save his valiant services as a soldier in 
the late war he would deserve representation in 
this volume. In agricultural affairs he has been 
very especially successful and is now the owner of 
three hundred and twenty acres of as tine land as 
is to be found in the county. This goodly tract is 
located on section 5. Lowe Township, and is well 
developed and is supplied with a full line of farm 

The parents of our subject were among the earli- 
est settlers of Moultrie County, coming here in 
1832 shortly after their marriage in Kentucky. 
Both were natives of Kentucky and bore the names 
of John B. and Amy (Hagden) Fulton. Upon their 
arrival in this county they located in Jonathan 

Creek Township, where they improved a tract of 
wild landand passed their remaining years. During 
the first years of their residence here they endured 
all the hardships of pioneer life, but by unflagging 
perseverance and indomitable energy they con- 
quered adversity and in their declining years were 
surrounded by the comforts for which they had 
labored so arduously in earlier life. All who love 
their country and are interested in its develop- 
ment, will hold in reverence the names of John B. 
Fulton and his good wife. 

The sixth in a family of eight children, our sub- 
ject was born in Jonathan Creek Township, this 
county, April 111, 1K40. His earliest recollections 
are of the scenes of frontier life and he has not 
only been an interested witness of the growth of 
this section, but has contributed his quota to its 
progress. He deserves especial mention not only 
as a pioneer but also as a brave defender of the 
Union. He was in his early manhood when the 
war broke out and all the enthusiasm and patriot- 
ism of his nature were tired in behalf of the Gov- 
ernment. Accordingly he enlisted in August. 1HC>2, 
in Company C, One Hundred and Twenty-sixth 
Illinois Infantry, and served until the close of the 

When the Government had no further need of 
his services he returned to Jonathan Creek Town- 
ship and resumed farming, to which he has ever 
since devoted his attention. He was married in 
that township in November, 1868, to Elizabeth 
Maston, a native of Coles County, 111., and their 
union was blest by the birth of two children — 
William, who died when one and one-half years 
old, and Barnabas, who is still under the parental 
roof. The wife and mother passed from earth at 
her home in Jonathan Creek Township, October 
28. 1873. 

The cozy home of Mr. Fulton is presided over 
by a lady of intelligence and refinement, whose 
maiden name was Sarah Maston and who was born 
in Jonathan Creek Township, September 12, 1854. 
Her parents were James and Mary (Campbell) 
Maston, the former of whom died in this township. 
The marriage of our subject and his estimable wife 
was solemnized March 23, 1874, and the congenial 
union has been blest by the birth of one child — 

& igte 

: '-- ■ ■ - • - -. •:^-=> .• -V.J-" \&& 

'.' ■ ' " : ^ r '' 7 '"- ""•'• ■ ■■ - ■-. ~ ' '-. j -:^ 

„ T ^-.,..... T , - 








a son — Isaac W. Mr. Fulton continued to reside 
in Jonathan Creek Township until 1 s 7 ."> . when be 
came to Lowe Township and settled on section 5, 
of which he has since been a resident. Politically 
Mr. Fulton is a Democrat, believing thai the prin- 
ciples of that party are best calculated to advance 
the interest of the nation. Socially he and his wife 
arc highly esteemed for their hospitality and many 
noble attributes of heart and mind. 

The attention of the reader is invited to a view 
of the commodious residence and other prominent 
buildings on the farm of Mr. Fulton. 


NDREW SENTEL. The soil of this 
county being very fertile and the mar- 
ket facilities excellent, a great number of 
(v agriculturalists secure a competence by the 

cultivation of a moderate acreage. One of these 
successful farmers in .Moultrie County is he whose 
name introduces these paragraphs. He owns and 
operates eighty acres in Lowe Township on section 
9, and by close attention to his business, wise man- 
agement and industry, he makes of his farm a more 
remunerative piece of property than do some who 
have many more acres. In all his enterprises he 
receives the cheerful co-operation of his amiable 
wife. t<> whom his success is largely to be attribu- 

The natal day of Andrew Sentel was March 7. 
1836, and he was born in Ross County, Ohio. He 
is the son of the late John Sentel. a native of Penn- 
sylvania, and Catherine (Reedy) Sentel. who was 
horn in Ross County. In the fall of 1845 the 
parents removed from Ross County. Ohio, to 
Coles County, 111., whence five years later they 
came to Moultrie County and settled in Sullivan 
Township. Their family comprised eight children, 
our subject being next to the oldest, lie passed 
his younger years in Ross County where he gained 
the rudiments of his education. Later lie attended 
school in Coles County, although his educational 
advantages were limited to the district schools of 
those days. 

Mr. Sentel was first married January •'!. 1858, to 

Miss Man Montgomery, a native of Ross County. 
Ohio, who died July 22. 1881, in Lowe Township. 
The present congenial companion of Mr. Sentel, 
who has been his devoted helpmate, was born in 
England January 1. 1848, ami was known in 
maidenhood as Anna Dalton. She was first mar- 
ried to Joseph Winskill and by that union became 
the mother of one child — John 1). Mr. Sentel and 
bis estimable wife were united in the holy bonds 
of wedlock in Sullivan. 111.. September 1!), 1.HK2, 
and their union has been blest by the birth of one 
child, a son. Elmer A. 

When Mr. Sentel began life for himself he set- 
tled in Sullivan Township, this county, where he 
lived several years. Next we find him operating 
a farm in Douglas County, but after sojourning 
there four years, he returned to .Moultrie County, 
and settled in Lowe Township on section I), which 
has since been his home. In his political atlilia- 
tions he is a Republican and has served the people 
in various official capacities, although he prefers 
domestic quiet to the turmoil incident to a public 
life. He is greatly interested in the cause of edu- 
cation and everything pertaining thereto, and has 
served acceptably as School Director. Public 
spirited and enterprising, it is not strange that his 
position among his fellow-citizens is an enviable 
one and that he is regarded as one of the most 
prominent agriculturists of the community. 

The attention of the reader is invited to a view 
on another page of the attractive residence and 
rural surroundings on the farm of Mr. Sentel. 

through the farming lands of Moultrie 
County will be pleased to observe the large 
number of well-improved farms and the numerous 
evidences of prosperity. In Last Nelson Town- 
ship an estate of eighty acres, which is admirably 
adapted for both farming and stock-raising, is 
owned and operated by the young gentleman 
above named. A visitor here will see everything 
that is necessary in the way of farm buildings. 



machinery and all the modem appliances of agri- 
culture. During his residence here Mr. Croudson 
has effected many improvements upon the farm 
and by a proper rotation of crops has brought the 
snil to a high degree of fertility, so that it is lit- 
tingly classed among the best farms of the town- 
ship. .V view of this place appears on anotherpage. 

Douglas County. 111., was the native place of 
Mr. Croudson and his eyes first opened to the light 
July 2*. 1862. He was the only son in the family 
circle and has two sisters, Sarah M.. now the wife 
of J. W. Bailey, and Lida J., who is still at home. 
The parents. William ami Lucinda (Lawrence) 
Croudson, were natives of England and Ohio, re- 
spectively, and passed the greater part of their 
lives in Douglas County, this State, where they 
both died. They were people of steady habits and 
high principles, doingas they would be done by in 
the various relations they sustained toward others, 
and the record of their lives is unblemished and 
worthy of emulation. 

The education of our subject was gleaned from 
the schools in the vicinity of the parental home, 
and his youth was passed in mingled work and 
play, his study developing the powers of his mind, 
while his recreation and boyhood sports developed 
a stalwart physique. Haying been reared to farm- 
ing pursuits, when the time came for him to chose 
a calling in life, he naturally selected agriculture 
and in his chosen avocation lie has been more than 
ordinarily successful. Although still quite young 
he is very comfortably situated and the future un- 
doubtedly contains many honors for him. He 
takes an active part in political affairs and is a 
Democrat in his views, believing the principles of 
that party are best calculated for the national wel- 
fare. He is greatly interested in educational affairs 
and has held the office of School Director, during 
which time he materially advanced tin' cause of 
education in the community. 

A very important eventin the lifeof oursubjeet 
was his marriage February It. 1886, in Moultrie 
County, 111., to Miss Margaret, the daughter of 
William and Sarah Wiley. Mrs. Croudson was 
born in this county, where she has passed her en- 
tire life and where her parents still reside. She 
has a cultivated mind, a sympathizing heart and 

adds thereto the housewifely knowledge which is 
necessary for all who make their homes attractive 
and comfortable. Into Mr. and Mrs. Croudson 
one child has been born, a daughter. Osa, whose 
birth occurred March 22. 1890. As a farmer Mr. 
Croudson is enterprising and industrious, well in- 
formed regarding things connected with his work 
and ranks high among his fellow-citizens. 

EREMIAH II1NTFRLY. Among the most 
valuable factors in the settlement and up- 
building of Illinois has been that portion 
of its population which is descended from 
natives of the German's Fatherland. Their fru- 
gal, industrious, thrifty manner of life and their 
steady devotion to agriculture have aided greatly 
in developing that portion of the Prairie State 
where they made their homes, and have given a 
reliable character to the neighborhoods in which 
they live. 

Mr. llinterly resides on section 24. Ridge Town- 
ship, Shelby County, and his settlement in this 
county dates from L858. His native home was in 
Fairfield County. Ohio, where he was born Decem- 
ber II. 1836, being the son of Jacob and Rachel 
llinterly. Jacob llinterly. Sl\, the grandfather of 
oursubjeet. was a native of Germany and became 
one of the earliest pioneers of Fairfield County in 
the days when that part of the country was a wil- 
derness inhabited only by savages and wild beasts. 

Our subject had the severe misfortune of 
losing his mother by death when he was but 
a babe, and he was her only child. His father 
subsequently married Rachel Fairchiid, and by 
this union two >ons were born — Nathaniel and 
William Henry, both of whom still make their 
home m Fairfield County. Ohio, where they are 
respected and useful citizens. The younger of 
these two was a soldier in the Civil War, and 
being a member of an Ohio regiment was under 
Sherman's command, and was with him in the 
famous "inarch to the sea.'" 

The first affliction of Jeremiah llinterly was 
followed seven years later by the death of his 



father, and he thus became at a tender age a double 
orphan. The sorrowful child was taken care <>t" 
by an uncle, with whom he passed the remainder 
of Ids early years, remaining in his native county 
until he attained his majority. While with his 
uncle he received training upon the farm and also 
spent two years as an apprentice to the trade ol n 

It was in the fall of 1857 that he made his 
first visit to Illinois, but he did not tarry long 
upon that occasion as he returned to Ohio for the 
winter, but the following spring brought him 
again to Shelby County, where he rented land and 
prepared to establish a home. He chose a bride 
from the daughters of Ridge Township. Shelby 
County, and upon Christmas Day. I860, he was 
united in the happy bonds of matrimony with 
Sarah M. Killam. a daughter of Isaac and Nancy 
Killam. who was horn April 23. 1H44. Her father 
was a Keiituckian by birth, and having been reared 
as a farmer, pursued that line of industry and was 
married in that Mate to Nancy Lee. a lady of 

After marriage our subject settled where he !i<>\\ 
resides, his wife receiving one hundred acres of 
land from her father. To this he has added one 
hundred and liffv acres more, and has placed upon 
it all good and substantia] improvements. It is 
now one of the finest farms in Ridge Township. 
being thoroughly cultivated and giving an excel- 
lent yield. To Mr. and Mrs. Hinterly have been horn 
three children — "William II.: Nancy (.).. who died 
at the age of ten years: and Cora Ann. The -on 
and daughter who are left to them are making a 
tine record and are proving both an honor and 
comfort to their worthy parents. The religious 
connection of the family is with the Christian 
Church, in which they arc highly useful and valu- 
able members, being active in every good Word 
and work, and willing to aid in every movement, 
both religious and social, which looks to the ad- 
vancement of the community. 

In political matters Mr. Hinterly is. and always 
has been to a good degree independent, as parties 
have changed and new issues have arisen he has 
felt at liberty to take his stand according to his 
convictions and according to what he considered 

the needs of the country and the policy of wisdom 
and good judgment. lie was reared in the polit- 
ical belief of the Democratic party, to which he 
adhered until the formation of the National Green- 
back party, the doctrines of which he judged to 
he the best for the financial success of our country. 
Mis interests being identified with those of tin 
agricultural community, he ha- now allied him- 
self with the Farmers' Mutual Benefit Association, 
and works in accordance with that SOcietj for the 
upbuilding and prosperity of the farmers. 

Jacob Hinterly. St., the grandfather of our sull- 
ied, was married before he came to the United 
States, and. as we have said, settled in Ohio in the 
very early day-. He reared two sons and two 

daughter John, Jacob, Mary. Mrs. Telweilier: 

and Elizabeth, Mrs. George Parkenson. 


-s^ QUIRE WOODRUFF, a retired farmer liv- 
ing in a pleasant home on Jefferson street. 
left his farm in Sullivan Township some 
three years ago ami for fourteen months 
made his home in Decatur before coming to 
Sullivan. Moultrie County. He purchased land in 
Sullivan Township when he first came to this 
county in 1854 and was remarkably successful in 
general farming and stock-raising, so that he now 
owns four hundred and sixty-seven acres of as tine 
land as there is in the county, three hundred ami 
thirty-seven acres of which is under the plow and 
subdrained with tiling, tine hundred and sixty 
.■id.- of this land was obtained by his father. 
Mose-. from the Government in 1837 and has 
never been deeded outside of the family. Mr. 
Woodruff has had unusual success in breeding the 
best grades of sheep, -wine, cattle and horses. He 
wa- born near the county seat of Fountain 
County. Ind.. July 29, 1*27. his father, being a 
native of New Jersey and a son of Samuel A. 
Woodruff of the same State, hut descended from 
old New England stock. 

The grandfather of our subject learned the trade 
of :i tailor ill New Jersey, and married Mi— .loan 



Potter and after the birth of their children they 
emigrated with their family to Ohio, settling at 
Shakers' village and joining thai peculiar sect, and 
lived there until her death. Somewhat later her 
husband tame to Indiana and died in the home of 
his son Aaron Woodruff in Fountain County, 
being then past seventy-four years of age. He ad- 
hered to the Shaker faith till his death, although 
his sons Moses and Aaron, when young men broke 
away from this faith and came to Indiana, there 
beginning life as farmers. This was just after the 
marriage of .Moses Woodruff with Miss Margaret 
Petro, a native of Pennsylvania who came to Ohio 
when ten years of age. They were married in 
Monroe County, Ohio, after which they came to 
Indiana and made a settlement in the woods in 
Fountain County. They were without means and 
did genuine pioneer work in that new region, and 
there Moses and his wife lived and died. Moses 
passed away iii 1838 when less than forty-two 
old, and his faithful wife survived him more than 
twenty years and died November 1 1. 1860, at the 
age of about sixty-eight years. Moses Woodruff 
was an I'ni versalist in his religious belief and his 
wife died in the faith of the Methodist Episcopal 

Squire Woodruff is the first born of his parents 
and he and his brother Martin, a farmer near 
Sullivan, are now all that remain of the family, as 
their sister Mary A. died in infancy. The first 
marriage of our subject took place in Fountain 
County. Ind., he being then united with Miss 
Asenafh Marvin of that county, who died in 
Moultrie County, 111., January 5, 1857, at the 
early age of twenty-six years. The second wife 
of Mr. Woodruff to whom he was united in this 
county bore the maiden name of Mary Ileffel- 
linger. She was born in Pennsylvania and came 
when quite young first to Indiana and later to Ill- 
inois, and when thirty-one years old passed away 
from this life March (!, 1869. The third marriage 
of Mr. Woodruff united him with Mary A. Yake- 
ley. His fourth wife was formerly Miss Eliza- 
beth Kepler. She died September 12,1882. Our 
subject was again married to Hannah Horn who 
was born in Washington County, Pa., and came to 
Illinois after herfirsl marriage. Mr. Woodruff had 

children by four of his wives and nine of them are 
living, namely: Ethan A., Mary E., Elias P., 
Martin A., Asenath, Cora B., Helen, Margaret A. 
and Edith I). The last three are unmarried and 
make their home with their father. 




W ST. 

ILLIAM VOGEL. The substantial farmers 
ilby County are a class to whom all 
minded citizens feel that they owe a 
debt for their share in effecting the prosperity 
which makes this county so popular as a place of 
residence and business. Were their work sub- 
tracted from the records of the county, little would 
remain to show its value Such an one is our sub- 
ject, who resides on section 12, Prairie Township, 
and who has been a citizen of this county from the 
spring of 1862, being one of the first to settle on 
Hie prairie, lie had purchased eighty acres of prai- 
rie land and forty acres of timber land, the pre- 
vious year, and made his home upon them in the 
spring, since which time he has devoted himself 
unceasingly and indefatigably to the work of forc- 
ing the rich soil to give forth its wealth. 

William Vogle was born in the Kingdom of 
Prussia, Germany, July 22, 1831, and is a son of 
Charles Vogel. Two brothers and two sisters of 
our subject are in the United States, namely: Fred, 
who resides in Holland Township; Herman, whose 
home is in Wisconsin; Augusta; and Minnie, the 
wife of August Wilke. ( )ur subject is the first one 
of the family to come to the United States, as he 
crossed the ocean in 1867, and first made his set- 
tlement in Cook County, this State, where he 
worked as a farm hand until he decided to come 
farther South and devote himself to the culture of 
the soil in Shelby County. Three hundred and 
sixty acres of rich and arable soil now constitutes 
the farm which he has transformed from a wild 
prairie to a well cultivated estate, and upon which 
he has placed beautiful buildings. 

The marriage in 1K(>2 of William Vogel and 
Elizabeth Lutz, united a couple who were destined 
to have a happy and harmonious life together. The 
lady, like her husband, was born in Germany, but 



had been in this country for a number of years. 
To them haw been born four children, namely: 
August \V.. Harmon C. F.. Albert II. and Ida. 
These children are becoming what their parents 
would have them be, honorable and worthy citi- 
zens of the Prairie State, which has become to them 
a dearly loved home. 

American politics have proved a subject of in- 
terest tn Mr. Vogel, and he has informed himself 
intelligently in regard to them, although he does 
not feel bound to govern his vote by the dictates 
of any party organization. In regard t<> local mat- 
ters he easts his ballot for the man and the meas- 
ures which seem to his judgment conducive to the 
peace and prosperity of the commonwealth, but 
uiinn national issues he usually votes the Repub- 
lican ticket. Both he and his efficient and excel- 
lent wife are earnest and active members of the 
Lutheran Church, in which they were brought up. 
Stuck farming has largely engaged the attention of 
our subject, and he has been successful in its prose- 
cution, as any one must be in Illinois, if he under- 
stands this branch of agriculture, and devotes him- 
self to it with assiduity. The worthy lives of Mr. 
and Mrs. Vogel and their family area standing re- 
proach to all who complain of hard times and pov- 
erty which they have incurred by their own lack 
of principle and a disregard of the industrious ap- 
plication of their time and strength. 




^ILLIAM s. MURKY. Our subject belongs 
to that class of people that have formed 
the brawn and sinew of the social and busi- 
ness life in America. A farmer himself, residing 
on a beautiful tract of land on section 36. of Lov- 
ington Township, Moultrie County, his father was 
a mechanic and manufacturer, and such were his 
resources, the quickness of perception of his keen 
mind and shrewd look, that had he been placed on 
a desert island he could have built up a small vil- 
lage for himself, with all the accessories necessary 
to civilized and retined life. Our subject's father 
was the late Samuel Shirey, who was born in Frank- 

lin County. Pa., April 26, 1806. His mother. Miss 
Barbara Ann Shade in her maiden days, was bora 
in Pennsylvania. April 24, 1808. 

Samuel Shirey was a wagonmaker by trade and 
this business he followed throughout his early life, 
afterward being engaged in farming. The first 
part of their married life was passed in Greencastle, 
Pa. Thence they removed to Maryland, and then 
returned to Pennsylvania, where they continued 
to live until the spring of 1861, when they deter- 
mined, for the sake of their growing sons, to re- 
move to a State where there was a broader field 
and better chances for young men. They came 
to Moultrie County and settled in Lovington Town- 
ship, where the father died June 2(1. 1870. The 
mother survived for some years, her decease taking 
place April '1. 1889. They had a family of ten 
children of whom our subject was the ninth in 
order of birth. 

William shirey was born in Greencastle, Cum- 
berland County. Pa., January 26. 1*46. He came 
to the Prairie State with his parents in the spring 
of 1861, and continued under his parental roof 
until he became of age and was ready to take upon 
himself the responsibilities of a home. He was 
married in Macon County. April 5, 1*66. to Miss 
Mary C. Cue. a daughter of John and Rachael 
(Kay lor) Cue. The father passed away in Macon 
County, this State. The mother died in Loving- 
ton Township at the residence of her son William. 
Mrs. Mary C. Shirey was born in Ross County. 
Ohio. After the wedding the young couple settled 
first in Macon County, where they continued to 
live until the spring of 1*6:1. when .Mr. Shirey 
came to Moultrie County and settled in Lovington 
Township, where he has since been a resident. 

It is not every man who has concentration of 
purpose and patience enough to be a farmer. 
While there are always any number of details 
about a farm to be worked out. the principal work 
of planting and waiting for the outcome. i> one 
of weary patience that is frequently tried to the 
uttermost by the thousand and one drawbacks that 
are inevitable to agriculture — drouth, flood, rust. 
grasshoppers, early or late frosts, are only a begin- 
ning of the trials that one might mention, that a 
farmer must endure patiently and uncomplainingly, 



and for which no one is to blame. He of whom 
we write has placed excellent Improvements on his 

farm and is the owner Of three hundred and twenty 
acres Of good land, well located, watered and 
drained. The latest improvements in agricultural 
implements are in use upon the place, and every 
acre is made to produce to the uttermost. He i- 
engaged in general farming. Their home is an 
ideal one in point of comfort and attractiveness 
from a domestic point of view; not hung with 
the richest tapestries, boasting no paintings by 
greal masters, it is yet the abiding-place of content. 
and a pleasant assurance that each member of the 
family i> the recipient of the affection and loving 
confidence of the others. Mr. and Mi's. Shirey are 
the parents of four living children, whose names 
are John Alpha, Willis B., Myrtle M. and Gracie 
Alice. Other little ones have come to the parents 
as buds of promise, hut drooped and withered in 
their infancy and were gathered up by the Divine 
hand, and now shed the sweetness of their spirits 
in a higher world. 

Mi's. Shirey i- an amiable and womanly woman, 
a discreet and wise mother, who studio the inter- 
ests of her children, nut from an envious or vainly 
ambitious standpoint, but seeking to help them to 
he men and women whose principles of right and 
honor shall be so high and perfect and whose in- 
tellects shall lie so developed, that they will he 
honorable additions to whatever phase of lite they 
may he placed. 

He of whom we write lias held many of the 
township offices, in local political life. He has 
been elected Highway Commissioner, in the smaller 
places an important office, that is not always so 
conscientiously attended to as it should he. but 
Mr. Shirey 's constituents have no reason to com- 
plain of him in this respect, for he fully realizes 
that the public highways are the veins and arteries 
through which How the wealth of the nation. He 
lias also held the position of Treasurer of Loving- 
ton Township, and that even more important post, 
that of School Director. This is, indeed, an almost 
sacred office, for the selection of our teachers and 
the government of school affairs is one which 
should lie given the most minute attention and 
wisest judgment. In his political relations he i- a 

member of the Republican party and the tenets 
and doctrines of that body are to him vital, by 
both association and inherited opinion. .Mrs. Shirey 
i> a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 

while her husband is liberal in his religious lielief. 
Socially he is a member of the Masonic fraternity, 
and also fraternizes with both Odd Fellows and 
Knights of Pythias. 

The indomitable spirit that our subject inherits 
from his father is apparent in all his dealings. 
While living in Maryland. Samuel Shirey met with 
a severe loss by the burning of his wagon shop, 
and also hi> blacksmith shop, which was connected 
with the first-named. In this catastrophe he lost 
nearly all he had. hut was undismayed and man- 
fully set about retrieving his position. 



OHX SIMS, is a general farmer on section 
27. of Flat Branch Township, Shelby 
County, and here owns one hundred and 
sixty acres of well-improved land, and forty 
.hi. section 26, which is covered with small 
timber. His home was originally procured a- a 
homestead claim. It was almost all unbroken in 
1855, ami Mr. Sims has since made it a good farm. 
placing many valuable improvements upon it. His 
success in an agricultural direction has been at- 
tained mostly through general farming and >tock- 
raising. He came to this county from Macoupin 
County, where he had settled in 1*3*. being one 
of the earliest t.. Locate there. 

On his advent into Macoupin County, he pro- 
cured a farm, upon which he placed some improve- 
ments, he later came in IK;}."), to this county. He 
was born in Madison County, this State, five miles 
eastof Edwardsville, January 19, 1820. Hi- par- 
ents were natives of Kentucky. His father. Austin 
Sims was however, born in North Carolina, hut 
removed at a very early age to Kentucky, with 
hi- parents, and was there reared. He is of South- 
ern parentage, although his ancestry is for the most 
part Scotch. The father of Austin Sims. Sr., who 
was horn and reared in North Carolina, from which 
State he served through the Revolutionary War. 



he having fought at the battle of Cowpens. Be 
later wont to Kentucky, and then proceeded to 
Southern Illinois; afterward to Morgan County. 
where both he and his wife died, lie at the aire of 
eighty-three years, and she eighty-one years old. 
Mr. Sims and wife were, early in life, members of 
the old school Baptist Church. 

Austin sinis. Jr., was reared to manhood in Ken- 
tucky, and there married his wife. The lad\ 's 
maiden name was Jennie Nivens. She was horn 
and brought up in Kentucky, being a member of 
an old and highly esteemed family in that State. 
After the birth of two children Austin sinis. Jr., 
ami wife removed in 1818, to this state locating 
on some Government land in Madison County. 
In lf*2.s. Mr. Sims went with his family to Morgan 
County, and entered some land here, being one of 
the first pioneers of that county. There he and 
his wife spent the active years of their life, and 
there Mrs. Sims died and was buried. Later her 
husband came to Christian County, this State, and 
died there at the aire of eighty-six years, his wife 
was not so old by twenty years at the time of her 
decease. They were leading members of the Chris- 
tian Church ami were among the first adherents of 
that reform in Kentucky, becoming interested in 
it at first through the preaching of Dr. Alexander 
Campbell, who was a personal friend. They fol- 
lowed his teaching of the New Testament with 
great care and zeal. 

Our subject was one of a family of six children, 
of which he and his sister, now Mrs. Polly Wilco, 
of Blue Mound. Macon County, are the only sur- 
viving members. He was reared to manhood in 
Morgan County, ami there married Catherine 
Weller. The lady was burn in Kentu -ky in 1818, 
and was young when her parents came to Morgan 
County, where she was reared until her marriage. 
She died at her home in this township, October 26, 
1881. She was a worthy woman and a kind and 
tender mother, highly looked up to. not only by 
the members of her family, but all those who knew 
her. She was a devoted member of the Christian 

Our subject was one of ten children born to his 
mother; four of these died, namely, .Joel. Robert. 
Alexander and Samuel. The living children are 

Lorinda, George W., John 1'.. William .1.. and 
Henry. Lorinda i- the widow of Samuel Tulley, 
and resides in this count\ : George W. took to wife 
Emma Tulley and the\ reside in Union, Ore.; 
John F. occupies the father's farm, bis wife being 
Lucy Ransford; William .1. married Juliana Tulley. 
and resides on a farm in this township; Henry re- 
mains at home with his parents and runs a part of 
the farm. Mr. Sims i- a member in good standing 
of the Christian Church. He i- a sound Democrat 
in politics. 

ON. CHARLES VnRIs. The town of 
| Windsor, Shelby County, is conspicuous for 
the number of young men that take a lead- 
ing part in commercial life. It is compar- 
atively a young town and fresh, vigorous young 

hi 1 sustains it- interests, and the moderation of 

middle age receives the reverence that is due it. 
Our subject is one of the men of more advanced 
year-, who holds the impoitant position of Post- 
master in the town of Windsor. He was bora in 
Summit County, Ohio, March. 21, 1838, where In- 
early life was spent on a farm. When about eigh- 
teen years of age. he left home to take a position 
in life for himself. At this period, the most -an- 
guine time of youth, all things seemed possible to 
him. and the golden possibilities seemed just be- 
yond his reach, lying waiting for him to stretch 
out his hand in their direction. 

Mr. Voris' first venture was in Galesburg, Knox 
County, this State, but there he only spent about 
six month-, and then worked fora while on a farm. 
Minnesota was next in the way of his perigrina- 
tions, and there he lived about six months, when 
In- returned to Galeshurtr. residing there a short 
time. He next went to Taylor County, Iowa, and 
there was engaged in opening up a farm. To this 
he devoted three years, and in February, I860, he 
came to Windsor and engaged in the grain ami 
lumber business, and in connection with this, in 
1CG2. he opened a dry-goods store. He continued 



in the lumber business about two years; while en- 
gaged in this line, carrying a very good stock, 
his mercantile business was conducted under tin- 
best auspices. lie continued in the grain trade 
for fourteen years, and during that time he 
also was engaged in the banking business with 
J, D. Bruce, with whom he was also in company in 
his other lines of commercial life. The linn was 
known as Bruce, Voris A- Co. They dissolved 
partnership in 1873 and since that time Mr. Voris 
has been engaged in the real-estate business and in 
farming. He has always been an active agent in 
the affairs of town and county. 

lie of whom we write was elected to the General 
Assembly in 18(56, re-elected in 1868, and in 1870, 
received the honor of election to the Senate from 
the Seventh District, and in 1872 was again re- 
turned from the Thirty-firsl District. During this 
term he was Chairman of the special committee on 
stock-yards, and acted on other important commit- 
tees. During his services as Senator, he did effici- 
ent work in gaining advantages for his district, 
lie served on the Railroad and Penitentiary Com- 
mittees, and on Corporations, lie was also a 
member of the committee on the rules that should 
govern the Senate. 

Mr. Voris has served in various local offices, and 
for some time has been a member of the City Board, 
His appointment as Postmaster was confirmed in 
July. 1889. If is hardly necessary to say that he 
has taken an active interest in politicial affairs as 
he had been so identified with the Government of 
the State. He is an ardent advocate of the prin- 
ciples of the Republican party. He has been solic- 
ited by the Central Republican Committee to 
assist in the present campaign in Ohio. 

He of whom we write obtained the charter for 
the Bloomington and Ohio River Railroad, now 
known as the Wabash, running from Bement to 
Effingham, and of this road he was the first Presi 
dent. For ten years he was engaged in the mill- 
ing business in Windsor, and during that length 
of time, the reputation that he had previously 
built up as a business man of sterling integrity and 
uncptestioned honor, was confirmed. His products 
were always of the best character, and his dealings 
with all parties was characterized by an upright- 

ness and sense of honor that could only redound 
to his favor. 

Mr. Voris' marriage took place in shelly County, 
his nuptials being celebrated November G, 1860. 
His bride was .Miss Mary Jane Templeton, who was 
a native of the county in which she was married. 
Only two children were born of this union: 
Annette and Julia, the latter deceased. 

( >ur subject, on his mother's side, hasa complete 
family record comprising over eleven thousand 
names from the landing of the "Mayflower" to 
1874; and over seven thousand names on his father's 
side, from L638 to L883. 


y-*v I M ROD TA V U )R. < me of the well-known 
J farmers residing on section. 1 1. Lowe Town- 
l!ij& ship, Moultrie County, is a son of James 
and Sarah Taylor. The father is still living, but 
the mother passed away some time since in Douglas 
County, this State. They had a family of eleven 
children, of whom our subject was the eldest, and 
he was born in Tippecanoe County, Ind., May "2, 
1 s 1 2. 

Our subject was eight years old when his parents 
Came to Illinois and settled in Douglas County, 
where this son was reared to manhood and received 
his education and training upon the farm and in 
the district school. He remained under the pa- 
rental roof until he reached the period of man- 
hood and was married in Moultrie County. March 
4, 1864. his bride being Mary .1. Nelson, a native 
of Virginia. After living upon his father's farm 
for a few years he removed with his wife to Texas, 
but not being satisfied with life in that region, he 
remained there only about eighteen months. 

Returning to Illinois, Mr. Taylor settled on the 
tract of land where he now resides — a fine farm, 
well improved and comprising some eighty acres. 
Six children have been granted to this worthy 
couple, three of whom died in infancy and the 
three who survive are .lames 1-'., Norah and Har- 
vey. The principles of the Democratic party em- 
body the political views of Mr. Taylor, and he is 
interested in the progress of that party, although 






not Mu active politician. The office of School Di- 
rector has been well filled by him, and while an 
incumbent of thai position he « 1 1 * I much to for- 
ward tlic educational interests of the township. 
Loth he and his good wife are earnest and active 
members of the New Light Church, and he ever 
takes a prominent part in religions movements. 


OSEPH WALKER Although our subject 
makes his residence in the town of Wind- 
sor, Shelby County, and thus enjoys the ad- 
vantages of town life, he is actively engaged 
in farming. Mr. Walker is an omniverous reader. 
and being a thoughtful man who judges and 
weighs for himself, lie has the advantage of some 
of hi- fellow-men, whose views of general matters 
and current topics are only those of some one else. 
Original to a refreshing degree, our subject is very 
pronounced in all his views. He is a progressive 
man although not readily attracted by every new 
idea that for the moment is paramount, being prac- 
tical in all his affairs. 

The original of our sketch was horn in Fayette 
( ounty, Ohio, March 10, 1814, and thus it is seen 
that he had lived a long and eventful life. The 
early part of his life was spent in the woods during 
which time he was engaged in dealing, and in his 
native county, and he repeated the same experience 
in Fayette County, Ind.. where he went when 
about nine years of age. In 1887 he came West 
and spent two months engaged in trading, visiting 
different parts of what was then considered the far 
West. At the end of that time he returned to 
Fayette County. Ind.. and launched into the busi- 
ness of buying and selling cattle and hogs, finding 
his market in Cincinnati. They were not shipped 
as now. by rail, but our subject was obliged to 
drive them over the public highway. 

September 20, is-17. Mr. Walker was united in 
marriage in Fayette County. Ind.. with Miss Sarah 
W. Horsey, and with her he began the journey of 
life, with a realization of the responsibilities that 
he had taken upon him. By this marriage he he- 
came the father of two children, whose names are 

respectively Sophronia and Amos W. The daugh- 
ter became the wife of .lames llartseUof Ash Grove 
Township. AmosW. is a teacher and has attained 
a wide reputation as an educator of advanced and 

progressive methods and theories. 

Mrs. Sarah W. Walker died in Fayette County, 
Ind.. about three years after their marriage and 
after his bereavement Mr. Walker returned to Illi- 
nois and settled permanently in Shelby County, in 
1859. Prior to this he had lived here in IS 12. hut 
his stay had been comparatively short. In com- 
pany with another man he had purchased twenty- 
thousand acre- of land in Kansas. In 1866 lie 
settled in Windsor Township and was from that 
time'until 1884 when he removed to the village of 
Windsor,engaged in farming. He owns about six 
hundred acres of land in the county and consider- 
ing his various possessions, must he accounted a 
wealthy man. 

Although .Mr. Walker i> a farmer and has been 
such for many years, he has never hound himself 
down to the drudgery of agricultural life, trading 
in live-stock having been his chief occupation. 
Politically he is in sympathy with the promoters 
of the Greenback party. He is highly esteemed in 
the community of which he i- a citizen and his 
opinions are regarded with a great deal of respect. 
His portrait is presented in connection with this 
brief biographical review. 

OX. CHARLES L. ROANE, who is now liv- 
ing a retired life in Sullivan. Moultrie 
County, has made his home in this locality 
since 1854, and in the years which have 
come and gone ha- occupied a prominent place in 
public affairs, lie has been prominently connected 
with both the business and official interests of the 
county and is widely known throughout this part 
of tin- State. The story of his life is as follows: 

Charles I.. Roane was born in Loudoun County, 
Ya.. October :'>. 1820, and is the son of .lames 
and the grandson of William Roane. The latter, 
a native of the old Dominion, belonged to the 
F. F. V.'-: lie -pent hi- entire life in Virginia and 



died when well advanced in years. The father of 
our subject was born and reared in Virginia and 
became a contractor and builder of turnpike roads. 
In Loudoun County he was joined in wedlock with 
.Mrs. .Mary Bartlett, daughter of Col. Timothy Tay- 
lor. The Colonel was born in Bucks County, Pa., 
and came of one of the old and highly respected 
families of the Keystone State. 

Mr. Taylor removed to Loudoun County, \'a., 
and after some years, on the breaking out of the 
War of IK 12 he enlisted and became Colonel of the 
Fifty-sixth Regiment of Virginia Volunteers. His 
two sons were also in that service, one serving as 
Colonel, the other as Adjutant and the old Colonel 
commanded a regiment engaged in protecting the 
city of Washington against the British forces. Fa- 
ther and sons escaped uninjured and Col. Timothy 
Taylor spent his last days in Virginia. The daugh- 
ter Mary grew to womanhood in her native county 
and when she had attained to years of maturity 
gave her hand in marriage to Mr. Bartlett who 
died, leaving two children. She afterward became 
the wife of James Roane and unto them were born 
four children, of whom our subject and his sister, 
Mrs. Clark of Virginia, are now living. The, latter 
is a widow of Leonard Clark, a Union soldier of 
the late war who laid down his life on the altar of 
his country. James Roane and his wife continued 
their residence in Loudoun County, Va., for some 
years, the husband there dying in 1832, when 
past middle life. His widow spent her last days 
in Harrison County, AV. Va., where she lived to a 
ripe old age. An intelligent and cultured lady, 
she had many friends and was highly respected by 
all who knew her. 

The subject of this sketch is the eldest of the 
parental family. After his father's death he was 
tenderly cared for and reared by his mother until 
able to care for himself. He is truly a self-made 
man and deserves no little credit for the success 
which has crowned his efforts. As before stated 
he came to Moultrie County. 111., in 1854, and 
soon afterward, his fellow-townsmen having recog- 
nized his worth and ability, was appointed Deputy 
County Clerk. A short time elapsed and he was 
elected to the position of County Clerk, which he 
filled acceptably four years, then in January, 1862, 

embarked in the general merchandise business,estab- 
lishinga store at the southeast corner of the square 
in Sullivan where he carried on operations for 
twenty-three years. Mr. Roane possesses good 
business ability, is energetic and enterprising and 
soon won a liberal patronage which constantly 
increased until his large trade netted him a good 
income and he became one of the substantial citi- 
zens of the community. His success was truly de- 
served for he tried to please his customers and 
honesty and fairness characterized all his dealings. 

In the meantime .Mr. Roane was nominated, in 
1883, on the Republican ticket for the Legislature 
and when the election returns were received it was 
found that he had been elected by a good majority 
to represent the district which includes Moultrie, 
Shelby and Effingham Counties. He was appointed 
on several important committees, including those 
of Hanking and Drainage, and was one of the 
members sent to visit and report on the State 
charitable institutions. His course as a member of 
the House won credit for himself and his constitu- 
ents and he formed many pleasant, acquaintances 
among the prominent men of the State. As before 
stated Mr. Roane continued in the mercantile busi- 
ness for twenty-two years, at the expiration of 
which time he sold out. Later he built and oper- 
ated a tile factory for a few years, but it was sub- 
sequently destroyed by fire. He has now retired 
from business life but is still interested in Decatur 
and Sullivan property. 

In the city where he yet makes his home, Mr. 
Roane was united in marriage with Miss Lucy Gar- 
land, a native of Bedford County, Va., and a daugh- 
ter of Nicholas A. and Mary (Mitchell) Garland. 
The family came to Sullivan at an early day and 
Mr. Garland built the first mill at that place, oper- 
ating it for more some years. Subsequently he and 
his wife removed to Springfield, 111., where he en- 
gaged in merchandising. He was also Deputy 
Sheriff of the county for some time and with his 
wife spent his last days in the capital city. Mrs. 
Roane is one of quite a large family. She has been 
a true wife and her union has been blessed with 
five children, four of whom are yet living, namely: 
Lucy, wife of W. A. Cash, a commercial traveler 
residing in Decatur; Fannie, wife of John K. Mun- 



seywho is employed :i> book-keeper for tin 1 linn of 
stratton & Bird, wholesale grocers of ( 'airo; ( 'harles, 
who wedded Eva Woodruff and is now engaged in 
the lumber business in Campbell, Franklin County. 
Neb., and Austin nt home. One daughter, Mary. 
i> now deceased. 

Mr. and Mrs. Roane are members of the Presby- 
terian Church and are people of worth who rank 
high in social circles and are widely and favorably 
known throughout the community. 


ytlLLLAM V. CARR, who has been appointed 
by Uncle Sam to take charge of the postal 
service at Stewardsori, Ills., was born 
in what is now Dry Point Township. Shelby 
County, October 9, 1*4 1. He is a son of Elias and 
Nancy (Siler) Carr, natives of North Carolina and 
Tennessee respectively. The father of our subject 
was born in 1804. His father having died in Ten- 
nessee, his mother, with a family of four chil- 
dren, three of whom were girls, came to Illinois in 
1816. The family first lived one year on Sand 
(reek. Shelby County, they then settled in Dry 
Point, and were thus the first settlers in that part 
of the country, and in fact, as early as any who 
located in the country. 

Here the father of our subject grew to man- 

1 1 pursuing fanning for a living. He passed 

his remaining years in Dry Point Township 
and died in the year 1848. He was a prominent 
member of the Methodist Church, being a Class- 
Leader at the time of his death. The mother of 
our subject came with her parents to the State of 
Illinois and the family settled in Cumberland, 
where her father, Benjamin Siler. passed his 
remaining years. While a young woman she mar- 
ried Mr. Carr, whose death she did not long sur- 
vive, following him in a few months, her decease 
taking place in 184 l .t. 

The original of our sketch is one of nine chil- 
ren, five of whom are still living, all being resi- 
dents of Shelby County. Martha is the wife of 
the Rev. Mr. Middlesworth. Mary married George 
lluffer. .Jefferson W.; John and our subject. 

William V. was only four years of age when he 
was left an orphan and his young life was spenl 
with various person-. His sister, Mrs. Huffer, was 

a foster mother to him for six years which he 
spent in her household. 

Educational advantages in those early days were 
limited and our subject was enabled to attain 
only the common branches. When there was 
school, held in a log house, after he had attained 
the age of nine years, he was obliged to walk three 
miles in order to reach it. While a mere lad he 
was obliged to work his own way. doing whatever 
he found to do in order to get a li\ in<;-. In these 
days when children are so tenderly cared for and 
enjoy the comforts, even among the poorer class, 
that were considered the most refined luxuries at 
the time our subject was a boy. it makes one sad 
to think how little youth he had. 

The three brothers in our subject's family, all en- 
listed and each served faithfully during the Civil 
War. William V. Carr enlisted in 1868 as a pri- 
vate of Company A., Fifty-fourth Illinois Infantry, 
lie served until the close of the war, being muster- 
ed out November 16, 1865. He was a participant 
in the battles that occurred at the siege of Vicks- 
burg, was with the Red River expedition, and 
was at the capture of Little Rock, Ark. While 
near that place, in August, 1864. he was taken 
prisoner at Batesville, where he remained until 
January, 1865. He then joined his command 
at Hickory Station. Ark., where he remained 
until he was mustered out at Ft. Scott. After 
the war our subject resumed farming in Prairie 
Township and continued this occupation until 
1888. when he removed to Stewardson, and in 
April, 1889, was apppointed Postmaster. 

In 1867. the original of our sketch was united 
in marriage to Miss Deborah Blue, a daughter of 
Erasmus Blue, she was born in Fairfield County, 
Ohio. By this wife our subject is the father of 
one daughter. Drotha. who is bright, intelligent 
and winsome. Politically Mr. Carr is a Repub- 
lican in party preference, using his influence and 
vote in its favor and having all confidence in its 
platform. He is a member of the Grand Army of 
the Republic, and riitds much pleasure in recount- 
ing with an old comrade, common experiences 



incident to the war. He still owns his farm of 
sixty acres upon which is a good tenant, he also 
has a handsome property in Stewardson. 

John Carr, a brother of our subject was horn in 
Shelby County in 1842. lie enlisted in 1861, in 
the Thirty-fifth Illinois Infantry, in which lie 
served until 186(i, having- re-enlisted in the regu- 
lar army. During his military experience he was 
never either wounded or taken prisoner. After 
the war he returned to Shelby County and has 
since been engaged in farming in Ridge Township, 
where he owns two hundred acres of land in a fine 
>tale of cultivation. He invited Caroline Downs 
to be his life partner, sharing with him its pleas- 
ures and burdens. They are the parents of eight 

/jp^ AMUEL 1). WEST is a prominent and well- 
^fc£ known citizen of Moweaqua, Shelby County! 
\J_M who has held important civic positions 
in the city government. For many years 
he was among the leading mechanics of the county. 
and conducted a good business as a blacksmith 
here until he retired October, 189(1 in favor of his 
son Frank. Our subject was born at Sempronius, 
Cayuga County, N. Y., August 12, 1821. His par- 
ents were Thomas and Rhoda (Dunbar) West, and 
they were natives of Oneida County, that State. 

.Mr. West was reared in Wayne County, N. V.. 
whither his parents removed in 1827. As soon as 
he was large and strong enough to handle the tools 
he began to work with his father in his smithy, 
and thus early acquired a good knowledge of the 
blacksmith trade. At the age of twenty-one he 
rented his father's shop at South Butler, Wayne 
County, and carried on his calling there some 
years. In the spring of 1854 he came to this 
county, as with characteristic shrewdness and fore- 
sight he saw that skilled mechanics would be in 
demand in a new and growing country. He came 
hither by rail to Chicago, and from there by the 
same means of transport, to Springfield and Dec- 
atur, and from the latter place with a team to 
Moweaqua, which he had selected as a suitable loca- 

tion to begin his new life. He bought a small shop 
in the village and at once went to work at his 
trade, which he increased from year to year, until 
he was conducting a flourishing and paying busi- 
ness as blacksmith at the time of his retirement. 

Our subject was married in May. 1844 to Miss 
Emma Baggerly, a native of ( lutario County. N. Y., 
and a daughter of Peter and .lane Baggerly. For 
forty-six years they walked together through the 
sunshine and shadow that lay across their pathway, 
and then Death parted them, removing the faith- 
ful wife from the home that her presence had glad- 
ened so long. She and our subject were blessed 
with two children. Frank B. and Jennie. The 
former married Mollie Weakly, and they have four 
children — Mabel, Bertha, Delia and Samuel. Jennie 
married Joseph B. Longevan. and they have two 
children living, Claud and Dwight. 

Mr. West was a Republican from the time the 
party was organized until 1888, and since then he 
has been a Democrat and a Prohibitionist. His 
fellow-citizens, appreciating his worth as a man of 
exemplary habits, unswerving honesty and truth- 
fulness in every word and act, and his capability, 
have often called him to responsible positions. He 
has served as a member of the City Council, and as 
President of the Board, and also as a member of 
the School Board. At one time he was elected 
Police Magistrate. lie was also Justice of the 
Peace three terms, and has been Notary Public for 
upward twenty years. 



1/ ENRY DIEPHOLZ. The gentleman whose 

J) name is at the head of this sketch and of 
whom it is our pleasure to give a short his- 
tory in outline, is a native of Germany, be- 
ing there born September II. 1840: Up to his 
fifteenth year he passed his boyhood days in his 
native land being engaged upon a farm and in 
school work, which in Germany is obligatory upon 
all the subjects of the Emperor. Thus he was in a 
manner fitted for the duties of manhood, although 
it must have taken him some time to adjust him- 
self to American manners and customs and ways of 



thought, on coming to this country. On leaving 
home, he came to America landing from a German 
steamer at Baltimore, Md., and from there went t" 
Cincinnati, Ohio. He was firsl employed nearCin- 
cinnati in the mixed duties of attending to a brick 
yard, and farming, and was t h n~ engaged for four 
years, after which lie came to Madison, this state. 

While in Madison County, cur subjecl was em- 
ployed as a farm laborer and continued work in 
this way for four years. < >n his marriage, he 
rented land which he operated for four years and 
at the expiration of that time, came to Shelby 
County and settled in Richland Township, where 
he has since been a resident. Here he is the owner 
of three hundred acres of finely improved land. 
Upon this tract he has erected a good ami substan- 
tial set of buildings. His home is comfortable and 
pleasant and his barns adequate f^>r the large crops 
which are annually his farm products. 

Mr. Diepholz was married in Madison County, 
111. to Miss Caroline Wirth, who like himself, was 
a native of Germany, but who had emigrated to 
America at an early age. Our subject and his wife 
are the parent? of four children, whose name- air 
Fred .1.. Henry. Caroline and Hermann. Heof whom 
we write is an honorable and upright man who is 
highly regarded by his neighbors and fellow-towns- 
men. He has been elected to till several important 
offices in the town-hip government and has been 
Assessor of Richland Township for three years. 
also Highway Commissioner for one term and lias 
done efficient service as School Direct or. In politic-. 
the original of our sketch is a Democrat. Religi- 
ously he and his wife are communicant? of the 
Lutheran Church of their township, and have ever 
Keen generous supporters and faithful adherent- of 
that religious body. 

1 ' ' ' ' ' ' ®^jH 

— - 


1 _ KNRY L. FISHER, an influential farmer re- 
J siding in Lowe Township, Moultrie County, 
was born in Loami Township. Sangamon 
County, 111., January 31, 1846. lie is the 
-.hi of John 15. and Nanev I). (Webb) Fisher, na- 
tives of Kentucky, who were married in Harrison 

County, thai State. At an early day they removed 
to Illinois and settled in Sangamon County, where 
they reared a large family of children, eleven of 
whom lived to attain to maturity. At the break- 
ing out of the Civil War the father enlisted in an 
Illinois regiment and served until the Government 
had no further need of his services. Being hon- 
orably discharged he returned to his home and re- 
sumed operations on his farm, where his death 
occurred after a long and useful life. 

Henry C. of this sketch, was reared to maturity 
on a farm and received a practical education in 
the common schools. Until he was married he spent 
hi? time under the paternal roof, with the excep- 
tion of four year- -pent ill different places. A 
very important event in his life and the source of 
merit happiness to him. was his marriage March 14. 
1S77. in Douglas County. 111., to Miss Mary Alice 
Reeder. This estimable lady was born in that 
place .Inly in. I8j7. and is the daughter of John 
and Mary (Harter) Reeder. also natives of Doug- 
la- County. Mr. and Mis. Reeder were natives of 
( )hio. and reared a family of eleven children. Mrs. 
Fisher being the eighth. 

The first home of our subject after his marriage 
was in Loami Town-hip. Sangamon County, whence 
after a residence of one year he removed to Chris- 
tian County. 111., and sojourned there for one \ ear. 
Next we find him in Piatt County for two years 
and then in Douglas County for six years and 
finally in the spring of L887 he settled in Lowe 
Township, this county, and he has been so well 
satisfied with hi- purchase here that he has decided 
to make it his permanent home, lie owns eighty- 
acres on section 17. and is also the owner of one- 
half section of land in Iowa. His farm buildings 
are first-class, while modern machinery and im- 
provements are all to lie found here. 

Five children have come to bless the congenial 
union of Mr. and Mrs. Fisher, named as follows: 
John E., Minnie M.. Lulu. May Olive, ami Willie. 
A- a School Director Mr. Fisher has aided in bring- 
ing about the present efficienc3 of the neighboring 
schools and in his pie-cut position £f Clerk of the 
School Board he is spoken well of for his capability 
in that position. He i> identified with the Repub- 
lican party and never fail- to cast hi- vote and ex- 



ert his influence for the principles in which lie 
believes. As a neighbor he is cordial and friendly, 

in domestic- life affectionate, and in his business 
relations to be relied upon. He is therefore re- 
garded with respect and has many warm personal 
friends. He and his amiable wife are active mem- 
bers of the Christian Church. 

city of Sullivan, in Moultrie County, counts 
among its citizens a number of men of un- 
usual intellectual grasp and acumen, whose 
experience in life has been such as to bring them 
prominently before their fellow-men and prove the 
sturdy and stanch material of which they are made. 
Among such whose professional ability as well as 
personal qualities commend them to our readers, we 
are pleased to mention the gentleman whose name 
appears at the opening of this paragraph, lie is a 
lawyer of more than ordinary ability and a man 
of massive frame and commanding presence. 

Our subject was born in Bennington Township 
in that part of Delaware County which is now in- 
cluded in Morrow County. Ohio. .Inly 25, 1831. 
Hi- father. Ambrose Meeker, was horn in Orange. 
N. .1.. and Grandfather Meeker was a farmer and 
-pent his last years in New" Jersey. His wife's 
maiden name was Miss Tompkins. 

The father of our subject was but two years old 
when his parents died and lie was cared for by his 
maternal uncle, and at the age of fifteen was made 
an apprentice to learn the trade of a blacksmith at 
Newark, N. .1. After completing his apprentice- 
ship he started for the then far West, walking over 
the Alleghany Mountain- to Ohio and settled in 
in that state at Newark. Licking County. Here 
he opened a shop and followed his trade for a time 
before removing to Delaware County, where be 
bought a farm, and for one year attended to cul- 
tivating it. He then returned to Newark and re- 
sinned business a- a blacksmith, remaining there 
until 1832, when lie carried on the same business 

at Etna after which lie became a pioneer at Mays- 
ville, Union County. 

The young man bought a tract of timber land 
and erected a shop, carrying on blacksmithing and 

farming together until 1*47. when he went to 
II an cock County. 111., making the removal by teams. 
There were five families in the colony and they 
prospected Hist in Nauvoo, then in Clark County, 
and in February. 1*4*. they came to Sullivan, 
which was then a small hamlet in a sparsely settled 
country with no railroad facilities. The land about 
here was then owned by the Government and Mr. 
Meeker purchased some property in the village 
besides forty acres of partly improved land and 
two hundred and forty acres of wild prairie land. 
Customers came to his shop from as far away as 
Douglas and Piatt Counties, and his business pros- 
pered, making hyp content to remain here for the 
remainder of his days. His death occurred in 
1881. when he was eighty-two years old. 

Hannah Hartwell Meeker, the mother of our 
subject, was a native of Plymouth. Mas-., her parents 
being descended from the first settlers of Plymouth. 
she had two children, our subject and his sister 
Roxanna. the wife of the Hon. John R. Eden. Her 
death took place in February, 1K4H. The pioneer 
school of Ohio afforded all the advantage- which 
these children received in their early days, and the 
log schoolhouse, the puncheon seats, the wide fire- 
places and the unglazed windows were familiar to 
their childhood. 

Jonathan Meeker began work upon the farm 
while still ipiite young, and after coming to Illi- 
nois worked with his father in the blacksmith -hop 
and attended theacademy in Sullivan, and in 1858, 
at the aire of twenty-six. having devoted himself 
to the study of law. was admitted to the bar and 
commenced practice in Sullivan, which has been 
the scene of his labors from that day to this. Re- 
sides his professional duties he has been somewhat 
interested in farming, and ha.- made this his recrea- 
tion from intellectual effort 

The young lawyer soon began to think of estab- 
lishing himself in domestic life and in November. 
1860. he married Nancy Parker, a native of Rush 
County. End., and a daughter of Robert and Mary 
Parker. Five children came to bless this union. 



namely: Gertrude, Bstella, Clara Belle, Raymond 
and Grace. To these children their parents are 
giving the very besl advantages fur a liberal edu- 
cation. Clara Belle and Raymond arc graduates 
of Butler University, in Indiana. 

The public career of the Hon. Jonathan Meeker 
began as early as 1852, when he was elected as one 
of the village Trustees, in which office he served 
for several terms. Soon after this he was elected 
Justice of the Peace and he has represented the 
township as a member of the County Board of 
Supervisors, lie was elected as Representative to 
the Illinois State Legislature in 1870, and placed 
upon the bench of the County Judge in the year 
of 1877, which honorable office he held for nine 
years. At the beginning of the present year he 
formed a professional partnership with D. R. Pat- 
terson. Esq.. which bids fair t«-> be a business alli- 
ance which will benefit both parlies and increase 
their efficiency. This honorable gentleman will no 
doubt continue to augment his already Hue repu- 
tation as a member of the liar and as a public- 
spirited citizen fur many years yet to come. 

OHN W. Wool). The acquisitive faculty is 
one which some men possess in a high de- 
gree, and in which others are almost totally 
deficient. We frequently associate charac- 
teristics which are not admirable with one who is 
thus endowed. This, however, is neither just nor 
correct, for this faculty i- as distinctly a gift of the 
Creator as is a mechanical, musical or poetical gen- 
ius in people whom we cannot laud too highly for 
the results of their work. The name that heads 
this sketch is that of a man who possesses the ac- 
quisitive faculty in a large degree,and at the same 
time, he is generous and open-hearted to a fault. 
He is a prosperous, well-to-do farmer, owning four 
hundred and fifty acres of line land upon which 
are the best improvements, a pleasing and attrac- 
tively built house, good barns and granaries, sheds 
and outbuildings for the shelter and protection of 
his stock. 

Our subject was born in Moultrie County. 111.. 

February 28, 1850. His parents wen- Joseph M. 
and Purletha (Patterson) W 1. natives of Ken- 
tucky and Illinois, respectively. For a further his- 
tory see sketch of J. A. Wood in another part of 
this volume. He of whom we write was reared on 
a farm, and received the educational advantages 
common to hoys of his age ami position in life. 
On reaching manhood he was attracted by the 

charms and virtues of Miss Mary .1. Kirkw Land 

November 2, 1871. their nuptials were celebrated 
at the home of the bride's parents, who were James 
and Ann .1. Kirkwood. Mrs. Wood was horn in 
Ross County. Ohio, December 31, 1852. 

The married life of Mr. and Mrs. Wood was 
blessed by the birth of seven children, two of whom 
were taken into the fold by the Good Shepherd, 
while yet in the purity of infancy. Five of their 
children readied years of maturity: Minnie S.. died 
February 22. 1891, at the age of seventeen years. 
The living children are: M. Iiosella. Joseph W.; 
James A. and b'reeda F. Our subject in his relig- 
ious belief is non-sectarian, which does not. how- 
ever, indicate that he is either infidel or atheist, as 
he believes fully in the goodness and mercy of a 
Divine Creator and Father. In political affairs he 
is an ideal follower of Tolstoi, making no active 
opposition to any political party or measures, and 
in consequence favoring no party. He does not 
vote because it is contrary to his religious belief to 
do >o. leaving all political matters to solve them- 
selves by natural evolution, that is guided and 
governed by ( rod. 

(<l >ILLIAM WEAKLY. Among the best farms 
\ / nil seel i' in 3 i . Ridge Tow nshi p, Shelby 
V V County, will be noticed by every stranger 
or passer-by the finely cultivated acres and good, 
neat buildings of the excellent farmer whose name 
appears at the head of this paragraph. His father, 
Benedict Weakly, was born in Maryland. March 
24, 17*7. and his mother. Margatha Mathews, a na- 
tive of the same State, was born May 1. 1 7 '. • 7 . They 
were married December 22, 1816, and made their 

33 1 


lir-t home in their native State removing after- 
ward to Fairfield County, Ohio, and in the summer 
of 1843 emigrated to Illinois and settled in Ridge 
Township, Shelby County, where they spent the 
remainder of their days; the father was called 
hence November 1 I. 1858, and the mother followed 
him to the grave April 15, 1878. 

This worthy and venerated couple had ten chil- 
dren: Robert. Rebecca, Nancy, John, Henry, James, 
Margaret, Mary, William, and George. Robert is 
a fanner in Kansas; Rebecca was the wife of David 
Ewing and died in Ridge Township, September lfi. 
1843; Nancy married Richard Keirn and died in 
Assumption, 111.: John died in South Dakota. July 
•J.">. 1888; Henry is a clergyman and farmer resid- 
ing in Ross Township; James died in Kansas, in 
Harper County in July, 1889; Margaret was the 
wife of Samuel Smith and passed away in Tower 
Hill Township, September 21, 1885; Mary died in 
infancy; William is a farmer in Ridge Township; 
and George died in infancy. 

William Weakly was born in Fairfield County, 
Ohio, August •"). 1835, and was about eight years 
old when he came to Shelby Count) with his par- 
ents and here in Ridge Township, where he grew 
to manhood he has made his home from that day 
to this. He lias always followed agricultural pur- 
suits and is the owner of two hundred and eighty 
acres of land which are highly cultivated and in a 
splendid productive condition. In his political 
views he is strongly inclined to believe in the doc- 
trines which are promulgated in the platform of 
the Republican party. 


OEL T. WALKER The name at the head 
of this sketch is that of one of the linn of 
Walker & Co., who are dealers in grain and 
owners of the Moweaqua elevator, which 
has the capacity for storing six thousand bush- 
els. They have besides cribs for sixty thous- 
and bushels of corn and fifty thousand bushels of 
oats. Mr. Walker has had the management of the 
elevator for the past three years. Under the 
present management the firm buy and sell from two 

to tour thousand bushels annually. They deal 
chiefly in corn, and their business in this direction 
is the largest of any in the county. Our subject 
brings to it a judgment and executive ability that 
could not fail of success. 

Prior to coming to this place, Mr. Walker engaged 
in business at Lawrence. Kan., dealing largely in 
grain and live-stock, lie came to this county in 
June, 1888. Our subject was born in Madison 
County, 111.. October 13, 1835. He was only three 
year- of age when his parents. Edwin and Rebecca 
(Chance) Walker, removed to Lebanon. St. Clair 
County, where he was reared and educated. There 
he was married to Miss Eliza Alexander. She was 
born and reared in our subject's adopted county, 
and her parents David and Mary (Thomas) Alexan- 
der were early settlers there. Her father, Mr. Alex- 
ander, went there from Pennsylvania when quite 
young. His wife was a native of the county and 
a sister of Col. John Thomas, who is yet a resident 
of Belleville, having attained an honorable old age. 

After marriage, our subject and his wife lived 
in St. Lawrence County on a farm for a period (if 
three years, and then moved to Macon County. 
settling in Pine Mound Township, at a very early 
da\ on an unbroken farm which was a part of the 
railroad lands of that state. By unceasing efforts 
they improved it and made a line place on which 
they lived for some years. Later they purchased 
a farm near the present village of Walker (so 
named in honor of our subject). This place they 
also improved but sold on going to Kansas, in Aug- 
ust, 1873. While in Kansas he spent some months 
of each year in the mining districts of Breckenridge, 
Colo. On leaving Kansas he came to this place 
where he has since been a resident. 

since Mr. Walker's advent in Moweaqua he has 
been President of the Village Board for one year 
ami is ex-Mayor also of the town. While in 
Kansas he was Probate Judge in Anderson County 
for one term, less a year, at which time he re- 
signed to go to Lawrence County, Kan. While in 
Macon County, he was for four years Supervisor 
of Macon Township. His first vote after reaching 
his majority was cast for President Lincoln and 
since that time he has been an active and ardent 



Mr. Walker met with a bereavement in the loss 
of his Brst wife who died in Macon County, in June 
1868, being :it the time only twenty-seven years <>f 
age. She left three children, Lawson L. Bertha 
and Mary K. Lawson is now engaged in business 
with Ins father, and the same traits that have made 
Ins father successful are apparent in the son. Bertha 
is the wife of Henry Nougle and living in Blue 
Moundville. Macon County. Mary E. is the wife 
of Wesley Langley. They reside in Lawrence, Kan. 

Mr. Walkerwas a second time married. The lady 
whom he prevailed upon to become the mistress of 
his home was Mrs. Amelia A. Ration, nee Mason. 
a nativeof Lowell, Washington County. Ohio. She 
came West when a young lady, as a teacher but 
was soon married to William Patton in Iowa. Mr. 
and Mrs. Walker are religiously inclined, Mr. 
Walker being a member of the Methodist Church 
and his wife, a Baptist. They are both united 
however, in their sympathy for everything that 
relates to the well being of their fellow-men. They 
are one. also, in their love for home and home en- 

Mr. Walker's mother is still living, making her 
home with her son Elijah in Mason County; she 
was horn in March 1812. Her husband's natal 
year was 1819. He lived until 1849. Our subject 
i- one of four children; -John W., Elijah, Edwin 
and J< lei T. 



y/RKDKRICK W. RISSHR. M. I). The heal- 
'-y ill"' art is one that has many disciples, hut 
comparatively few capable followers. Each 
spring season sees hundreds of young men turned 
out from our medical colleges with the degree of 
M. I). A few of these are at onee so fortunate as 

to step into a g 1 practice. Others spend a short 

time in seeking for a location, and not being able 
to wait for the happy chance that shall give them 
an exercise of their healing ability, turn to some 
other profession or business, still others patiently 
woo fortune in their chosen calling until that tickle 
lady smiles upon their efforts. Oursubjecl has been 
one of the fortunate ones, for although yet a very 

young man. his ability and devotion to his calling 
have been recognized anil he has charge of a good 

practice in the place which he has chosen for his 

When engaged in making mud pies and distill- 
ing queer concoctions when a boy, I) i'. Risser showed 
small promise of being the wide-awake and able 
young physician that he now i>. He was horn in 
Troy. Madison County, this State, January 1.1863. 
His father, Henry A. Risser, was by birth and par- 
entage a German, hut emigrated with his uncle to 
America when about seven years of age, his par- 
ents having both died in Germany prior to his com- 
ing to America. On reaching manhood lie was 
married in Chillicothe. Ohio, to Miss Cecelia Zan- 
ders, who was horn in the Buckeye State. After 
marriage they began their life together in St. Louis. 
Mo., where they remained about one year and then 
settled in Troy. Madison County, this State, of 
which they have since been residents. The father 
was engaged there as a merchant. 

Our subject was brought up in the village of 
Troy where he remained until he had attained to 
manhood. He received his education in the Troy 
schools where he studied until sixteen years Of age, 
after which time he was engaged for three years in 
teaching school, hut during vacations and in the 
interims of his work he was pursuing bis medical 
studies to which he had determined to devote him- 
self. In the fall of 1882 Mr. Risser entered the St. 
Louis Medical College and pursued his course for 
a period of four years, during which he did excel- 
lent work. In 1886 he was graduated from the 
college and received his diploma. 

Looking about for a good place in which to 
locate, our subject was charmed with the village of 
Strasburg and its surrounding country and de- 
termined to here build himself up a profession, and 
in this place he lias been ever since the commence- 
ment of his career as a professional man. lie en- 
joys an extensive practice and ranks among the 
best physicians of Shelby County. Broad minded 
and progressive, he does not recognize any pain or 
suffering that it is not within the realms of science, 
at least, to alleviate. 

He of whom we write was married ill Strasburg. 
October 10, 1888, to Miss Mary Doehring,a daugh- 



ter of Ernst F. and Mary (Wirth) Doehring, who 
an' residents of Prairie Township. Mrs. Risser was 
bom in Madison County, this State. September 18, 
lKli;"). Dr. and Mrs. Risser are the proud parents 
of one child who bears the sweet Southern name of 
Nita. She was born August 5, 1889. Our subject 
and his wife are both members of the Lutheran 
Church. They are popular young people in Stras- 
burg, taking readily the social position to which 
their culture and natural advantages entitle them. 
A lithographic portrait of Dr. Risser is presented 
on another page of this volume. 


MLLIAM ELDER, now a retired banker, 
If/ living in Sullivan, was engaged in busi- 
ness here from 1870 until 1885, during 
which time his hank was known as the Farmer's 
and Merchants' Lank, hut it was operated by our 
subject as a private bank, and is now run in the 
same way by Air. William Steele. William Elder 
came to this county in the fall of 1834, and has 
since made his home in what is now Moultrie 
County, with the exception of four years when he 
resided in Dallas County. Iowa. After coming 
here he took an Interest in agriculture and im- 
proved three or four farms, taking them as raw 
Government land in their prairie state and trans- 
forming them into finely cultivated estates. 

Our subject came to this county from Morgan 
County, where he had lived with his parents for 
a short time only, lie was born in Jefferson 
County. Tenn.. May 17. 1824, his father being of 
Tennessee birth and coming of Southern stock. 
The Judge in his early days was a farmer, and 
while pursuing that calling was united in marriage 
with Miss Didana French, a native of North Caro- 
lina, who had her early education in Tennessee. 

After marriage .lames Elder and his wife lived 
for sonic years in Jefferson County. Tenn.. and in 
the spring of 1838 they set out for Illinois, coming 
according to the fashion of that day. with teams 
ami wagons overland, cooking their meals by the 
roadside and camping out at night. They made 
their first settlement at what is the present site of 

Waverly, Morgan County, where they remained 
for some eighteen months, after which they jour- 
neyed on to this section, where they secured and 
improved a new farm in Fast Nelson Township. 
Moultrie County. After a short time .lames Elder 
established a store in that part of the county and 
was one of the first merchants in this county and 
his trade extended throughout almost every town- 
ship, few of the pioneer families of the county 
failing to he included in his list of customers. In 
the fall of 184f> he sold out his store and coming 
to Sullivan, built an hotel on the present site of 
the Fden House anil also put up a store on an op- 
posite corner. His executive abilities were now 
severely taxed, as while carrying on the store and 
hotel he was also cultivating a farm. He finally 
closed out his business interests in the town and 
for a while devoted himself exclusively to agricul- 

The first bank which Sullivan ever saw was the 
Elder Lank which was established by Judge James 
Elder in 1868, and which is perpetuated in the 
present existing bank. He operated this until 1H70 
when, upon January (>. he passed away, being then 
well along in years, as he was born in December, 
1803. He had served the county for a number of 
years as County Judge and has represented this 
district in the State Legislature for some years. He 
was a prominent man in the county for years, and 
highly respected in the Republican party, to which 
he attached himself after abandoning the old Whig- 
party of his early days. His excellent wife sur- 
vived him for several years, dying in 1882, having 
reached the limit of three-score years and ten. 
Throughout all her long and godly life she has 
been a member, and a consistent one, of the Bap- 
tist Church of which her husband had also been a 
member during his earlier years, although later in 
life he identified hinself with the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church. 

He of whom we write is the eldest surviving 
member of the children of his parents. One sister 
of his. Mrs. Dr. Lewis, lives in Texas; another sis- 
ter. Mary, is the wife of W. P. Corbin, a furniture 
dealer in Sullivan. The lady to whom Mr. Elder 
was united in marriage bore the name of Louisa 
Ewing and she was born in White County, 111., 



May 11. 1828. Her father, Judge R, B.Ewing was 
reared in Kentucky although a Tennesssean by 
birth, and came to White County. III., where early 
in the '20s lie married Miss Elizabeth Culberson, 
after which he removed to Logan County and 
afterward to .Moultrie County. He was for years 
Judge of both Moultrie and Logan Counties and 
for many years held the office of Justice of the 
Peace. He was a leading man in that vicinity 
during the early days. He had been a merchant 
and fanner for years and came to Sullivan in its 
pioneer days, in fact before the organization of 
the county. 

Judge Ewing was a Representative in the Legis- 
lature of Illinois and served his constituents well. 
He was from early manhood prominent in the Re- 
publican ranks and also a Leading member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, filling the office of 
( 'lass-Leader for many years and preaching as a local 
minister on this circuit and in the county for many 
years. Many funerals in all parts of this county 
have demanded his services, and he was a leading 
man in everyway. He was born in 1801, and died 
June 8, 1ST."), being full of year- and honors. His 
widow ^t ill survives, and now in her eighty-fourth 
vear makes her home with her daughter, Mrs. 

The wife of our subject is one of the live surviv- 
ing members <>f her parents' family. Three of 
her brothers were soldiers in the War of the Rebel- 
lion and all lived to see the old Hair triumphant 
and to return to their homes, two ol them having 
since died. Mrs. Elder is a bright and very intel- 
ligent lady and is prominent in Sullivan church 
ami social circles. Mr. Elder has filled most of the 
church offices and is now Trustee of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, lie is a Republican in his 
political views and a stanch advocate of the prin- 
ciples and policy of the party which placed "Old 
A he" in the Presidential chair. He has met with 
>ome financial reverses hut has nevei allowed a 
misfortune to place him where he could not hold 
up his head as an honest business man who is de- 
termined to deal with his fellow-citizens on the 
basis of Integrity. 

The twu children of our subject were Belinda 
Estella, a bright and beautiful daughter who died 

at the age of sixteen years, and .lame- \\\. who is 
at present the Mayor of Sullivan and a stock-buyer 
in business, lie is a highly respected and promi- 
nent citizen of this city and i- united in marriage 
with a lovely and intelligent companion who bore 
the maiden name of Julietta Newcome. and whose 
early home was in Mattoon. 111. Nine children 
have been horn to them, two of whom. Louisa and 
.lames, have passed on to the care of the Good 
Shepherd above. Those who are living are: Will- 
iam ( ).. Arthur. Degratia, Belinda, Loanna, Lavina 
and Richard. 


REDERICK SCHUETZ, a prosperous farmer 
residing on section 2'.». I. owe Township, 
made his first settlement in Moultrie County 
in March, 1*77. He was horn in Prussia, Germany, 
January in. is lo. being the son of Frederick Schu'etz 
who lived and died in hi- native land. This son 
Frederick is the only one of the family who has 
ever come to the United State-. He left his native 
land in 1864 and sunn landed in New York Har- 
bor where he at mice took cars for the Great W est. 
coming on without stopping to Bloomington, 111. 
He wa- now utterly ah me anil among stangers, as 
there was not a man. woman or child in the United 
State- who was known In him. hut he found that 
although in an alien land he was not outside the 
bounds of human kindness and friendliness, audit 
was nut long before he felt at home even among 
strangers. He first served asa farm hand hut finally 
decided to he more independent ami having 
learned the methods of agriculture employed in 
this country, rented land and began to work it. 

The land which Mr. Schuetz first rented and 
which he took charge of in 1866 wa- located in 
McLean County, and he continued in that countj 
for some seven years, after which he went to Piatt 
County and rented land there and afterward re- 
moved from thereto Moultrie County. He wa- now- 
prepared to purchase property and bought the 
land which he now owns, which was at that time 
hut very little improved, being nearly all ran 



land. He now has most of this under the plow 
and in a richly productive condition and has 
placed upon his farm a pleasant, commodious resi- 

The marriage of our subject took place Febru- 
ary 26, 1867. that united him with Mary Railing, 
who was born in Prussia. Germany, March !». IS 11. 
and came ti> the United Stales alone, being the 
only one of her family in this country. To this 
worthy couple have been born ten children, namely: 
Minnie, born October 2,1867; Otto February 11, 
1869; Emma. November 22, 187<»; Mary, October 
19, 1H72; Fred, June 30, 1874; Sophia, August 6, 
1876; Lizzie. July 27. 1X7'.); Willie, December 6, 
1881; Edward. May 27, 1885. and Lydia, Decem- 
ber 5, 1887. 

Mr. Schuetz has a handsome farm of one hun- 
dred and sixty acres, which is now in fine condi- 
tion and very productive. It is in fact an ideal 
Illinois farm and well worthy the notice of the 
passerby. This worthy family arc prominently 
identified with the Methodist Episcopal Church, in 
which they are ever ready to assist in every good 
work and cast their influence upon the right side. 
The declarations of the Republican party embody 
the political belief of our subject and he casts his 
vote with the candidates of that party. 

ylLLIAM P. McGUIRE belongs to one of 
those Tennessee families who emigrated to 
Illinois many years ago and found upon 
the prairie the air of liberty and the institutions 
which they desired for their children. The year 
1850 is the date of his first coming to .Moultrie 
County, and he has been in the business of mer- 
chandising most of the time since 1853. 

( hir subject was born in Jefferson County. Tenn., 
September 17, 1829, and is the son of Thomas and 
Rachel (Ashmore) McGuire, Tennesseeans by birth, 
of whom more is told at length in the biography 
of their son, Joseph II. McGuire, upon another 
page of this book. In 1840 the family removed to 
Illinois and made their first home in Coles County, 
where they resided until they came to this section. 

The early life of William McGuire was spent upon 
a farm and he assisted his father until he started 
out for himself, lie thus gained a thorough knowl- 
edge of farm work and a sound and hearty con- 
stitution as well as invaluable habits of industry 
and application. 

Margaret Ashmore. a daughter of Alfred Ash- 
more, became the wife of our subject in 1856. She 
was born in this county and had been brought up 
here and by the judicious training and education 
which had been given her she was well fitted to fill 
the position which she occupied. The ordinary 
trials of a young wife and housekeeper, were sup- 
plemented within four years after her marriage by 
the cares anil anxieties which befell the wives of 
soldiers, for in 1861 her husband enlisted in the 
service of his country, being mustered into service 
with Company F, Forty-ninth Illinois Infantry. 

The regiment with which our subject was con- 
nected was commanded by Col. William Morrison. 
and Mi - . McGuire served under him. until 1863. 
when he received an honorable discharge on ac- 
count of a wound received in the battle of Ft. 
Donelson. This wound had very serious effect upon 
his constitution as the injury resulted in partially 
paralyzing his leftside. After recruiting from this 
injury Mr. McGuire engaged in the business of 
merchandising at Bethany and has since that time 
continued in this line of work. 

A truly patriarchal family of twelve have clus- 
tered around the fireside of our subject, and nine 
of this number are living, whose names are as fol- 
lows: .lames I., an implement dealer in Bethany; 
Thomas a druggist of Bethany; William who is in 
the store with his father; Clarence, Claude, Mary 
E., wife of Thomas Lytic of Decatur; Rachel A.. 
Cora and Nannie. The members of the family 
seem to inherit the ability and characteristics of their 
parents and although still young the sons and 
daughters arc adding to the family reputation by 
their good judgment, business qualities and attrac- 
tive traits of character. 

The Republican party in its declarations em- 
bodies the political principles which our subject 
considers a safe guide for State and nation, lie 
has been a member of the Hoard of Supervisors for 
some fifteen years and Justice of the Peace for the 



Mime length of time and still holds this latter 
office. Formorethan forty years be has been a 
member of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church 
and for a number of 3 r ears, has served as Elder 
therein. He is identified with the Knights Tem- 
pl-ir and also with the Grand Army of the Re- 
public, in which latter organization he lias been 
Commander of the Washington Alexander l'ost No. 
176, Aside from his business in Bethany he was 
fur one year carrying on mercantile business in 
Dalton City. 



AMES GAVIN, an early settler of Mowea- 
qua Township, Shelby County, and one of 
the substantial, well-to-do fanners of this 
county, was horn in County .Monauhan. Ire- 
land. November l. 1817, to Michael and Anna 
(Higgins) Gavin. His parents were also natives 
of that county, and his mother spent her entire life 
there. The father and live of the children came to 
America, and the former passed his last years in the 
home of our subject. 

He of whom we write was reared to agricultural 
pursuits, and carried on his occupation on his na- 
tive soil until 1852, when he came to the United 

state-, sailing from Liver] 1 and landing at New 

Orleans after a voyage of nine weeks. He came 
from there to Naples, in this State, by the way of 
the Mississippi and Illinois Rivers, and from there 
went to Exeter, Scott County. His means were 
very limited at that time, and he sought employ- 
ment on a farm to earn his living. He worked by 
the month for a year, and then farmed as a renter 
the following live year-. He was industrious and 
frugal, and at the end of that time had money 
enough saved so that he could purchase land of "his 
own. and he became the possessor of ninety acres 
on section 2*. Moweaqua Township, and ha- re- 
sided lure continuously since, lie has provided 
his homestead with a line set of frame buildings, 
and has added to his farm by further purchase so 
that it now comprises three hundred anil sixty 
ane- of choice land, that is well improved. Be- 
sides this lie own- four acres of land in the village 

of Moweaqua. and fourteen acres of land adjoining 
the village, which constitutes a valuable property. 

In 1868 Mr. Gavin took unto himself a wife in 
the person of Mis. Ellen (Roche) Ilarty. who look- 
well after his comfort, and has materially aided 
him in the acquirement of his possessions, she 
was horn in Limerick. Ireland, in 1833. Her par- 
ents, David ami Ellen Roche, came to this country 
in 1852, resided in the State of New York until 
1858, and then came to Illinois. They lived in 
Decatur for a time, and then bought a farm in Ma- 
con County, where they dwelt some years. Dis- 
posing of that place, they removed to Moweaqua. 
where they passed their remaining years. 

Mrs. Gavin was first married to John Ilarty. a 
native of County Armaugh, Ireland. He died in 
1866. Mr. and Mrs. Gavin have two children, 
Maria and .lames. The family are members of the 
Catholic Church, and are much esteemed in the 
community. Mr. Gavin is a true Democrat in 
politics, lleisan intelligent man. who is well read 
and posted on all general subjects,and in the man- 
agement of his affairs has shown himself to he pos- 
sessed of sound discrimination, foresight, and an 
excellent knowledge of his calling. 

•»->^ T> T i » ' I » 

el'RTIs W. BROWN. The center of : 
grain producing country, the com: 
populace abounds in middlemen wl 

gj, URTIS W. BR< >WN The center of a great 


rtio deal 

exclusively in the chief products of the State. 
Our subject, Mr. Brown, is one of these operators. 
being a large grain dealer, buying from the farm- 
ers and finding a market in the eastern metropoli- 
tan cities. lie has displayed such quickness of 
perception, knowledge of the resources of the 
country and influence- upon the trade, that he has 
gained the confidence of both factions or classes of 
people with whom he deals. The farmers know 
that in selling to him. they get a reasonable price, 
and eastern buyers ami elevator owners are aware 
that the grains they get of him are the best that 
the country produces, and arc willing to make 
concessions in his favor. 

Like most of the inhabitants of the Central and 



Western States even yet, our subject is of Eastern 
pat en tage, and also of birth. His father was Job 
Brown, a native of New Jersey. His mother was 
Phoebe Williams, who was probably born in New 
York. They tirsl settled in New Jersey where 
they continued to reside for five years. He was a 
carpenter by trade and was constantly so employed 
in his early home. They removed from New 
Jersey to Ohio, and settled in Butler County, 
where they remained about two years, and then 
settled ill Johnson County. Ind.. in the village of 
Edinburg. There they lived for nine years and 
then came to Illinois early in 1860 and settled in 
Cla\ County, where they remained until their 

Our subject is one of eight children, the family 
comprising five sons and three daughters. Of 
these, he of whom we write was the eldest, having 
been born in New Jersey, August is. 1842. He 
made his home with his parents until he was about 
twenty years old, coming with them to this State 
early in the '60s, and with the exception of the 
time spent in the war. he has ever since here made 
his home, early engaging in business for himself 
and acquiring business ways and knowledge. 

When that terrible period in our country's 
history began, at the tiring of the first gun of Ft. 
Sumter, Mr. Brown responded to the call for 
volunteers and enlisted in the army in 1862, 
joining Company C. of the Ninety-eighth Illinois 
Regiment. He served until the close of the war. 
seeing much hard fighting and a great deal of 
both good and bad on both sides. He took pari 
in the battles of Chickamauga, .Mission Ridge, and 
was through the siege of Atlanta, (la., at the 
battle of Selma. Ala., at Montgomery and Macon. 
Ga. He was so fortunate as throughout his 
service to have escaped sickness and bore the hard- 
ships of army life with fortitude and an admirable 
spirit that made the best of all discomforts that 
could not be remedied, lie received his discharge at 
Springfield, this State, after which he returned to 
Clay County. HI., and engaged in farming. 
remaining there from 1869 until the fall of 1 s 7 2 . 
when he came to Moultrie County. 

Upon settling in this county, the gentleman of 
whom we write engaged iii farming and stock 

raising, his residence and place of business being 
in Dora Township. He was thus occupied for 
nearly seven years, when lie removed to Lovington 

Township, and has here resided for two years, 
during which time he was engaged in farming. 
The next change was made to the village of 
Lovington. and here he has been engaged in 
active commercial business. He has sold agri- 
cultural implements and dealt largely in stock, the 
grain business, however, occupying the greater 
portion of his time and attention. 

Curtis W. Brown left the bachelor ranks when 
in Clay County. 111., and February .'5, 1866. was 
united in marriage to Miss Minerva Price, who 
was a native of the same county in which their 
marriage was solemnized. Mrs. Brown is an 
admirable lady and has been a true helpmate and 
companion to her husband. The rearing of her 
family has not left her a great deal of time for 
social pleasures, for she has had the care as well 
as maternal duties, of ten children. Their names 
are as follows: Lima. Mollie. Guy, James, Inis, 
Charles, Albert, Emma, Ida and William. Most of 
the children are sturdy and original young people, 
with a strong vital energy, and having ideas of 
their own regarding their individual and personal 

Politically, our subject casts his vote with the 
Republican party, having great faith in the leaders 
and executives that in the wisdom of the party 
have been placed at the head of the nation. That 
his fellow-townsmen have reposed the greatest 
confidence ill his judgment and intelligence and 
ability as a manager, is evidenced by the fact that 
he has been appointed to many local offices in the 
gift of the township. While in Clay County, for 
two years he held the office of Collector, and also 
served as School Director and Highway Commis- 
sioner. Since coining to Lovington Township he 
has filled most acceptably the chair of Supervisor 
for a space of one year, and has also been a 
member of the Village Board. In his social rela- 
tions he is a member of the Masonic fraternity 
and also belongs to the Lovington Post of the 
Grand Army of the Republic. Mr. Brown is a 
public spirited and generous man and has always 
shown himself ready in any time of emergency 



either for the country at large, or the locality in 
which he resides, to become an active and respon- 
sible party in the upholding of the principles of 

right and justice. 

AMUEL F. (.AM MILL. There is no 
broader field for a man to become familiar 
with the phases of Human nature, than in 
the business of a merchant, nor ran one 
gain a more intimate knowledge of family life, 
unless it lie in the legal profession, and a broad- 
souled man who i- in sympathy with Ins fellow- 
creatures has in this calling an unparalleled oppor- 
tunity for doing good. Especially is this true of 
one engaged in general merchandise, for one will 
make many sacrifices of pride and self-respect if 
one family is in need of the necessities "t life, and 
happy is the man whose position enables him to 
respond to his generous impulses and relieve these 

The gentleman of whom it is our pleasure and 
privilege to here give a short biographical sketch 
is a general merchant in the village of Gays being 
the oldest merchant here who ha- I. ecu thus en- 
gaged. He was born in Whitley Township, this 
Mate. June 20, 1841. ami i> a son of Andrew and 
Jane (Whittes) Gammill, both natives of North 
Carolina, who with their respective families, moved 
to Tennessee. Our subject was hut two years old 
at the time of his emigration to that State, having 
been carried thither on horseback from North 
Carolina to Tennessee, in which county the young 
people married, and after which in 1832, they emi- 
grated to this state. -! - 1 1 1 i 1 1 1^ in Whitley Township. 
being among the first settlers on, Whitley (reek. 
There they entered some land and pursued their 
calling of farming. They continued to reside 
here, with the exception of the year? 1847 and 
1H48. when they lived in Cole- County, one \ ear 
of which time they made their home in the house 
built and formerly occupied by Thomas Lincoln. 
father of Abraham Lincoln. 

The father of our subject died in 1867, at the 

age of sixty-seven years. The mother passed 
away in 1876 at the age of seventy-four years. 
For years they had been consistent and conscien- 
tious members of the Cumberland Presbyterian 
Church. Eleven children clustered about their 
fireside and board. One of these died in child- 
hood and ten lived to he grown. They are by 
name Adaline, Caroline Lucinda, William James, 
.lame- Newton. Madeline. Louisa. Samuel F. and 
Nancy L. and Klein \V. Adaline married Joseph 
Hendricks, and died at Ottumwa, Iowa. Caroline 
married John Shoemaker, of Coles County; Lu- 
cinda was united to .1. H. Whetstone, of Pomona. 
Kan. William resides in Woodford, Cal. .lames 
was a member of Company K. of the Fifth Illinois 
Cavalry, and died of smallpox, while in service. 
James Newton i- a resident of Hickman. Neb. 
Madeline i> the wife of John T. Alexander, of 
Ottawa, Kan. Louisa has been three time- wid- 
owed, her first husband was George Curry, the 
second was .lame- Renner, and the third Joseph 
Harden. She now resides at Pomona. Kan. 
Klem \V. is the wife of Thomas Kimball of Whitley 

Our subject was reared upon a farm. Hi- 
school day- were limited hut being an ambitious 
hoy and fond of reading, he made up by outside 
work, many of the deficiencies of his school life. 
During the early part of the war, -non after the 
firing of the first gun, our subject enlisted. Sep- 
tember 7. 1861, and was mustered into service with 
Company 11. of the Seventh Illinois Cavalry. He 
was mustered out November 4, 1865, having re- 
enlisted in 1864. He entered a- a private, hut 
was advanced to the post of First Lieutenant. 
having filled all the ranks below, except those of 
Orderly Sergeant and Second Lieutenant. That 
long period of bloodshed was one in which our 
subject lived a life-time of adventure ami experi- 
ence, most of which was of a bloody and terrible 
character. He was a participant in the following 
engagements: that of Madron. Mo.. Corinth, and 
was in the lead of Grant's army to Coffevville, 
Mi— ..on the Grierson raid from LaGrange, Tenn., 
April 16, 1863, and landed at Baton Rouge. La.. 
May 2. 1862. During this inarch they covered 
eight hundred and fiftv-three mile- and the raid is 



memorable in the memory of him of whom we 
write as being the hardest trip taken during the 
war. He was also present at the siege of Ft. 
Hudson, a participant in the battle of Collierville, 
Tenn., Campbellville, Tenn., and was with Gen. 
Smith m Mississippi, starting with his army in 
February of 1864. Tin' battle of Nashville, Tenn., 
September 15 and HI. 1864, has left a deep and 
lasting impression on the memory of our subject, 
lie also took part in several minor engagements. 
()n returning home, .Mr. Gammill resumed farm- 
ing and in 1869 came to <iays and established his 
present business house, llis marriage took place 
in 1873 when he was unitedto Margaret C. Wilson, 
a daughter of Johnand Charity Wilson. She was 
bora in Ash Grove Township,Shelby County. Four 
children have been the outcome of this marriage. 
Their names are Mack, Tola J., Stella May, and 
one who died in infancy. Mr. Gammill affiliates 
with the Republican party and in recognition of 
his loyalty as well as his fitness as a man of intel- 
ligence and firm standing in the community, he 
was appointed Postmaster at Gays, which position 
he held for twelve years. In his religious prefer- 
ence, he with his wife, is a member of the Cumber- 
land Presbyterian Church. He is one of the thin- 
ning ranks of the Grand Army of the Republic, 
being a veteran who thoroughly enjoys, when at 
reunions, a recital of the striking experiences that 
he or other comrades had while in the war. Not 
slow to recognize bravery in friend or foe. many 
a piquant and spicy story i> at his tongue's end. 

WILLIAM KANITZ. One of the substan- 
tial farmers of the township anil a man 
who. having had experience in two coun- 
tries in his chosen calling, and having profited by 
the example and results in original experiments 
among the Germans in an agricultural way. Mr. 
Kanitz has been enabled to make a success of buc- 
colic life, that while it has not been void of pleas- 
ure and beauty, has been an advantage to him 
pecuniarily. He is now a resident on section 34. 
of Lowe Township. Moultrie County, whereon he 

ha- a fine farm that boasts of the besl improve- 
ments. It is as fertile and prolific as constant cul- 
tivation and intelligent care will make it. 

Mr. Kanitz is a native of Germany, as his name 
would indicate, having been born in Saxony. 
March "2ii. 1830, and being a son of Godfried and 
Theresa Kanitz. There were seven children in the 
family, four sons and three daughters, and of these 
three sons were attracted to the United States by 
the superior advantages that it offered young men 
who are industrious and ambitious to acquire 
homes and fortunes for themselves. The three 
who came hither are Charles, who is a farmer in 
Moultrie County, Edward, who. however, was 
killed by lightning in Christian County, this State. 
and our subject. 

The original of our sketch passed his boyhood 
on the farm in his native land, and in addition to 
the manifold duties of the farmer's lad, which he 
early learned, he acquired the miller's trade, and 
having this for his main resource, in 1853, ac- 
companied by his brother Charles, he came to the 
United States. Their passage hither was made in 
a sailing vessel which landed in Xew Orleans, and 
in that strange cosmopolitan city, they met many 
of their own countrymen, and divers were the ad- 
vices given the young men as to the best place to 
locate, but with a customary German confidence 
in one's own judgment, they determined to decide 
that important matter for themselves. They went 
to St. Louis and were occupied in that city as 
common laborers. At the time, our subject was 
afflicted with that dread disease which attacks 
many foreigners who have not yet become ac- 
climated, and many a time, while shaking with 
ague, has he longed for his native land, but he 
was in the position of the general who had burned 
his bridges behind him. for he was without money, 
and SO obliged to remain here. 

In 1854, he of whom we write came to this State 
anil located in Sangamon County, where he was 
engaged for several years as a farm hand. From 
there he went to .Marion County, and four years 
later, in 1871, he came to Moultrie County, first 
settling in Arthur, where he purchased some land. 
a part of which, however, he donated for railroad 
purposes. In 1874 he traded this land for thai 




fe5/ <-\^k 

«.' II i 






8 1 7 

which lie now owns in Lowe Township. lie is now 
the proprietor <>f three hundred and sixty acres of 
good land which beat's fair improvement. Al- 
though be is :i general farmer, for some 'cars be 
has followed stock-raising and in that specialty 
has made great advancement in the breeding of 
line stock. 

Mr. Kanitz. while in St. Louis, took upon him- 
self the responsibilities and obligations of married 
life. In 1856 he was married to Caroline llines. 
who was born in Lowenstein, Germany, she came 
with our subject and one brother to this country. 
and the friendship that was formed on the way 
over ripened into an affection that ended in a 
wedding. Mr. Kanitz 's brother, with whom she 
came hither, was by name Frank times who died 
later in Montana. 

Mr. and Mrs. Kanitz are the parents of nine chil- 
dren whose names are Richard, Frank. Henry, 
Joseph, Charles, Emma, Josephine, Ella and Anna. 
They are all bright and intelligent young' people, 
who are bound to make themselves a place in the 
world. Politically our subject is a Democrat, his 
early training preparing him for a recognition of 
the merits and advantages of that party. In his 
church with bis amiable and admirable 
wife who has ever been a loving and tender help- 
mate to him and a fond and careful mother, is a 

YXIEL YANTIS. The mind of a man who 
I, has lived four-score years, is to him a king- 
dom in which he can send out the mes- 
sengers and servants of thought, memory 
and reflection, and live over the pleasures of the 
past that have grown intense under the magnify- 
ing influence of time. He realizes in a subdued 
way the pains which at the time of their experi- 
ence, seemed tragedies, modified and made inter- 
esting by the lapse of years. Content has come to 
gently round off the afternoon with its golden glow 
of sunset. Our subject, who has ascended the sun- 
lit heights, looks back over a broad expanse of ex- 

perience in a land where experiences arc ever fresh 

and invigorating. 

()n the opposite page appears a portrait of Ml. 
Yantis. who is an oldsettler and successful fanner 
and stock-raiser living on his homestead, located 
on sections 29 and .'!(•. of Pickaway Township, 
Shelby County. This fine farm is the same which 
he secured from the Government in a raw. prairie 
state, comprising two hundred and forty acres. His 
purchase was made in 1853, and since that time he 
has bent every effort to making the farm a model 
of agricultural neatness and productiveness. Our 
subject came here from Pickaway County. Ohio. 
He was born September 15, 1X11. in Frederick 
County, Md. His father was Henry Yantis.a native of 
Maryland and bis paternal grandfather was John 
Yantis, who came to America from Germany prior to 
the Revolutionary War and made settlement in 
Maryland. As far as our subject knows, bis grand- 
father did not, however, take part in the war, but 
after the death of his wife, he went to Ohio with 
his sons, where he remained until bis death. His 
wife was a native of Maryland, who lived and died 
there at an advanced age. 

It was about 1815 when John Yantis, our subject's 
grandfather, came with his grown sons to Picka- 
way County, and there he lived for a time in the 
unbroken wilderness. After a time he went with 
his son William to Franklin County, Ohio, at which 
place be died when past ninety years of age. His 
death, however, was caused by an accident while 
he was assisting his son in rolling logs. lie and 
his wife were members of the Presbyterian 
Church and politically he was a Democrat. Henry 
Yantis. the fattier of our subject, was probably the 
eldest of his father's children, of whom there were 
seven,four sons and three daughters. He attained his 
growth and manhood in Frederick County. Ohio, 
and was married to Miss Catherine Yantis. an own 
cousin, whose father had emigrated from Germany. 
The parental family comprised five children, 
namely: Lydia, Solomon. Elizabeth and Catherine. 
besides the subject of this notice, the latter being 
the only one now living. 

Our subject's family settled in Pickaway County, 
Ohio, when he was hut a lad and they there began 
life as pioneers in the woods. Henry Yantis and 



his two suns cleared three farms in that county and 
there our subject's father died when at the age of 
eighty-seven years and nine months. His wife 
had preceded him to a better world some time 
at the age of seventy- live years. They were mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian Church and were good, 
true, unaffected pioneer people. Our subject be- 
came of aye in Pickaway County and there in 1833 
married Elizabeth Longenbach, a sister of Isaac 
Longenbach, a history of whom may be found un- 
der the biographical sketch in another part of this 

Mrs. Yantis was reared in Pickaway County. The 
young couple took up the burdens and joys of life 
together and after the birth of all their children 
but one, they left Ohio, coming with teams by way 
of the overland route and living a camp life on the 
way. They made the journey one of pleasure in- 
stead of discomfort and enjoyed the trip probably 
more thoroughly than do we of to-day, who are 
hurried from one end of the country to another in 
the space of a few hours. They reached theirdestina- 
tion without accident, and at once settled on the 
tract which Air. Yantis had secured previous to 
bringing his family hither, having made a journey 
on horseback and reconnoitered the country well 
in order to select a good location. They began life 
in their new home on an entirely unbroken farm, 
and although there were many privations and in- 
conveniences in living so far from neighbors, they 
made the conditions as pleasant as possible and the 
children grew up knowing that they held resources 
within themselves irrespective of others. 

After securing their home, our subject and his 
wife took pleasure in bringing about them com- 
forts and even luxuries of life. They put up good 
buildings on their place and as they were the rep- 
resentative people of their township and leading- 
citizens thereof, they were naturally the center of 
social life. Mrs. Yantis passed to the other world 
February Hi. 1890, after having lived with her 
husband in a close and tender companionship for 
fifty -seven years. She was born December 2, 1809. 
She was a noble woman being of the liber of which 
heroines are made, and her character was beautified 
by a lovely temperament and genial, kindly man- 
ners. She was a good wife and mother and a kind. 

thoughtful neighbor. She was the mother of fifteen 
children, six of whom, however, died. They were 
Mary. David, Alary, Sarah, Lydia and Jacob. 

The living are: Samuel, George, Henry, Solomon, 
Elenore, Isaac, I )aniel. Barbara and John W. ( Jeorge 
W. is a farmer in this township, and made mistress 
of his heart and home, Miss Lucinda Tolly, who 
died, and he later married Mrs. Mollie Smith. 
Henry is a merchant in Yantisville. this township. 
and married Barbara Longenbach. A biographical 
sketch of Solomon may be found in another part 
of this volume. Elenore is the wife of Nathan Kil- 
lam, and now resides in Elk County. Kan., on a 
farm. Isaac took to wife Emma Pogue, and lives 
in Moultrie County. Daniel is the proprietor of a 
livery stable at King City, Mo. He took to wife 
Mary A. Klar. Barbara is the wife of James Min- 
cer and they live on a farm in Texas County, Mo. 
John, who is a resident of Shelby ville, first married 
Lucy James, who died, and afterward took to wife 
her sister Cordelia. 

Mr. and .Mrs. Yantis have for years been mem- 
bers of the Reformed Presbyterian Church and are 
highly regarded among the people. He has been 
the Assessor of the township for three years and 
has had other local offices, lie is an adherent of 
the Democratic party both by tradition and con- 
viction, for. as will be seen above, his father and 
grandfather before him were followers of that party. 
Our subject cast his first Presidential vote for Gen. 

lifeof a country physician is one of many 
if^))j|! trials and hardships and yet of real satis 
^~=< faction in consideration of the fact that 
the one who Mils this place is of value to a 
large community of families. To him they appeal 
in times of distress and sorrow. He is the first 
one to whom they turn for sympathy when a new 
life begins and an old one passes away and his is 
the kind hand which administers relief during 
days and weeks of suffering and languor. One 
who worthily appreciates his opportunities for in- 



fluence in this capacity can do perhaps inure to 
establish a proper standard of living in :i country 
community than any other man. not even except- 
ing the spiritual adviser. Such an opportunity has 
been appreciated and improved by the worthy 
gentleman whoso name appears at the head of this 
paragraph, and whose pleasant home is at Bethany, 
Moultrie County. 

Dr. McMennamy came to Bethany in l*7ii. and 
is a native of Macon County, tin- state, where he 
was bora October 21, 1847, being a son of John 
II. and Nancy (Hill) McMennamy. John McMen- 
namy, the grandfather of our subject, located in 
Macon County at a very early date, settling on a 
farm there, and when the county was organized 
he was made its first Sheriff. lie subsequently re- 
moved to Texas where he died in Grayson County. 

The lather of our subject was born in Tenn- 
essee and came with the family to Illinois, and 
there married a Miss Clark, after which he remov- 
ed to Texas where his wife died. Subsequent to 
this he returned to Macon County, this state, and 
married Nancy Hill who became the mother of our 
subject and two other children, none but Ben- 
jamin, however, having survived. Their mother 
died in Macon County in 1849, and in 1K7(> the 
father again removed to Texas and there died the 
the following year. 

The early life of our subject was passed upon 
the farm and he received his education al a semin- 
ary which was then located at Mt. Zion. and so 
well did he avail himself of his opportunities for 
instruction that he was soon titled for the profes- 
sion of a teacher, which he pursued for a number 
of years. In 1869, after he had reached hi- maj- 
ority, he took up the study of medicine with Dr. 
N. G. Blalock, then a well-known practitioner of 
Mt. Zion. but now making his home in Walla 
Walla. Wash., and in 1K72 graduated from the 
Chicago Medical College, The first place at which 
the young doctor hung out his prof essional shingle 
was at Mt. Zion. but after he had attained a little 
more experience he decided to come to Bethany, 
a- he believed that he would here find a better 
tield for the fulfilment of his ambition. 

The same year in which our subject took 
hi- degree he was united in marriage upon the 

28th of May to Anna E. Smith, daughter of 
S. King Smith of Mt. Zion. This lady was born 
in Princeton, Ky.. September 7. 1852, and to her 
have been given four children, the two who are 
living being Francis Earl and Clifford Dale. Be- 
sides the practice of medicine the- Doctor carried 
on a drug business in Bethany from 1877 to 1886. 

The declaration and plat form of the Democratic 
party express the political view- of Dr. McMen- 
namy. but although he has held some local offices 
he takes only a modicum of interest in political 
movements, especially upon the local stage. He. 
however, believes it to be the duty of every loyal 
citizen to cast his vote upon every occasion when 
a question comes up for decision or a name is 
presented for office, as only by doing so can the 
rights of citizenship be maintained. 

An excellent and extensive practice has been built 
up by this worthy physician and as it is found- 
ed upon his devotion to his profession and to the 
humane interests of his calling, and has been car- 
ried on with unflagging interest and enthusiasm. 
coupled with true research and scientific study, it 
is a practice which will continue to improve in 
both quality and extent for many years. Both he 
and his lovely and capable companion are mem- 
bers and active worker- in the Cumberland Pres- 
byterian Church and their pleasant home is the 
scene of many social reunions among the best 
circles of Bethany. The Doctor is also identified 
with the Ionic Lodge. No. 812 A. F. * A. M. He 
i- also a member of the Central District Medical 
Societv and the Illinois state Medical Society. 


~7I LEXANDEE WARD. Whether it is that 
C - /- I Shelby County is especially notable for 

/ i the longevity of it- inhabitants or not, the 
qJ writer is not certain. It is a fact, how- 

ever, that almost allot' the gentlemen whose history 
it has been our pleasure to write, have passed the 
meridian of life and the majority of them are 
pioneer settlers who can look back upon the growth 
of the county from the earliesl occupancy, when 
deer, and wild turkevs were much more fre- 



quently seen than the face of a neighbor. Our 
subject is one of the many whose experience in- 
clude* the changes through which hi* vicinity and 
county have passed. Now residing on section 1. 
Ridge Township, he was born April 24. 1833. in 
Okaw Township, and is a son of John and Cather- 
ine (Lohr) Ward. 

The grandfather of our subject, .lames Ward, 
resided in Kentucky, and thence three of his sons, 
namely. William L., John and .lames, came to 
Shelby County. Of these, William L. first came, 
his advent being in 1828. He located in what is 
now known as Todd's Point, where he entered a 
tract of land upon which he resided until about 
1850, when he removed to Pickaway Township. I 
residing there until his death, which occurred in 
July, 1872. James Ward came to the county in 
1845 and resided in Okaw Township. Later he 
removed to Dry Point where he died about the 
year I860. John Ward was bora in Trumbull 
County, Ohio, but when very young his parents 
removed to Kentucky, where he grew to manhood. 
He first came to Illinois in 1830, stopping for a 
time in Shelby County and then went back to 
Kentucky, but in 1832 heagain returned toShelby 
County, and in August, that year, was united in 
marriage to Catherine Lohr. who was reared in the 
same neighborhood with her husband in Kentucky. 
At the time of her marriage her home was in 
Morgan County. 111., where her family were early 

After marriage the young couple located in ( >kaw 
Township where they entered land anil experienced 
all the ups and downs of pioneer life. He was. 
however, successful and became the owner of over 
two thousand acres of land, a large proportion of 
which he himself entered. He followed stock-rais- 
ing principally, being especially interested in the 
breeding of cattle and mules. He died in March, 
18K0. being over seventy years of age. His wife 
died in 1870. lie was always interested in politics, 
both national and local. At first belonging to the 
old-line Whig party, he afterward became a Repub- 
lican. He was a member of the Christian Church. 
being a generous supporter of the same. He was 
a broad-minded, public-spirited man. interested in 
all public enterprises that promised to be to the 

advantage of the people. He was well and favor- 
ably known throughout Shelby County as a man 
of unstained honor and integrity. 

John and Catherine Ward were the parents of 
eleven children, one of whom died in infancy, one 
in childhood and one daughter was accidentally 
killed when ten years of age. Eight of the chil- 
dren lived to be grown; of these our subject is the 
eldest; James W. lives in Decatur, 111.; Lucinda is 
the wife of James Sudduth and resides in Spring- 
field. Mo.; John W. died in Okaw Township; 
Charles resides in Shelbyville; George W. died in 
the latter place; Elizabeth is the wife of George 
A. Roberts and lives in Shelbyville, and Benjamin 

F. makes his home in Lincoln. Neb. 

Our subject grew to manhood in his native town- 
ship and he distinctly remembers pioneer days 
when deer and other game were plentiful. He at- 
tended such schools as were provided and in Sep- 
tember, 1859, was married to Cordelia Van Hise, a 
daughter of James 11. and Sarah Van Hise. She 
was born in Fairfield County, Ohio, December 2, 
1838. The first home of the young couple was 
upon the place where he now resides. It then, 
however, comprised only ten acres of ground. 
hemmed in by a rail fence, their first dwelling be- 
ing a log cabin which was primitive, indeed. Four 
years after marriage the log cabin gave way to his 
present resilience, and since that time he has made 
many changes in his home and placed many sub- 
stantial improvements upon his place. Mr. Ward 
i< now the owner of six hundred acres of land, 
three hundred and seventy-three acres being lo- 
cated in Shelby County, and the balance in Moul- 
trie County, on which he has good buildings. 

Five children are the fruit of the union of our 
subject and his estimable wife. They are, Abraham 
L., Catherine, Edward S., George A. and Ulysses 

G. Mr. Ward is a stanch Republican in politics 
and always votes at general elections for the man 
he believes best fitted for tin- office. He himself 
has never been ambitious to be an office-holder. 
Socially he is a member of the Association of 
United Workmen. Our subject is especially in- 
terested and engaged in the stock business, buying, 
breeding, shipping, etc.. stock to the metropolitan 
markets. His history in itself is an apt illustration 



of what a man may accomplish in the fertile lands 
of the Middle States, by his own efforts, alone and 
unaided, but with ambition, industry and per- 


HARLES W. DICK. Among the prominent 
agriculturists <>f Lowe Township, Moultrie 
County, who had their birth across the seas 
but who have brought to their adopted country 
the valuable characteristics which belong to the 
men of their native land is the resident on section 
8, whose name appears at the head of this sketch. 
His parents. Charles and Fredericka (Hinnak) 
Dick, were born in Germany and spent their 
days in their native land. Our subject was the 
only child by this marriage and was born in Zeitz, 
Germany, December 18, 1825. 

After receiving the ordinary education provided 
for the German youth, our subject upon reaching 
manhood learned the trade of a weaver and be- 
came a journeyman, working at his trade in 
various parts of the country, lie emigrated from 
Germany to America in 1854. landing in New- 
York in September of that year. Traveling West 
he came to Columbus, Ohio, where he found em- 
ployment in Pickaway County. Ohio, busying him- 
self at farm labor at the wages of $8 per month, 
working for such wages two years. 

The marriage of our subject took place in Pick- 
away County, Ohio. June 10, 1850, his bride being 
Miss Anna R. Herrmann who was born in Shwele- 
walte, Germany, December 19, 1882. Her parents 
were Gottlieb and Eva R. (Schnyder) Herrmann, 
both of German birth and who died in the old 
country. Mrs. Dick came to America in 1855, mak- 
ing her home in Pickaway County and lived there 
and in Madison County. Ohio, until 1862, when 
they came to Illinois and settled in Moultrie 
County. They tried various parts of Moultrie 
County, living for two years in Lovington Town- 
ship then in Lowe Township where they have since 
been residents. 

Mr. and Mrs. Dick have been the happ\ parents 
of seven children, two of whom they were called 

upon to resign to the Good Shepherd. Those still 
living are: Henry L. who married Dora Koken- 
doffer; John \V.; Samuel who married Hattie Mor- 
row; Sarah M.. wife of .lames A. Hook, and Louisa 
A. who is an accomplished lady and school teacher. 
Since coming to America this gentleman has de- 
voted himself entirely to agricultural pursuits as 
he found this more profitable upon our fertile soil 
than the pursuit of his trade. He owns one hun- 
dred and sixty acres and has made excellent im- 
provements upon his farm. lie has filled and filled 
well some of the local offices in the township and 
is highly respected not only by his neighbors but 
by all with whom he came in official relations. 
Mr. and Mrs. Dick are members ot the German 
Baptist Church, and in their religious connections 
are highly honored for their true Christian lives 
and earnest helpfulness in every good cause. Mr. 
Dick is a public-spirited man and an earnest pro- 
moter of every movement looking to the progress 
of Lowe Township and Moultrie Count3 r . 

•:• -:• * 

/ •fr=-}-^ 

I OHN BUSHART. It has with too many been 
the belief that if a man is once a farmer he 
must always continue to be a drudge, and 
Kg|J that his working days would only end with 
his call to the grave; but many are finding that 
this is not so, and that by hard work, enterprise 
and thrift in their early days and through the 
strong period of middle life they may so arrange 
their affairs as to take comfort during their declin- 
ing years. This has been the case with the retired 
farmer whose name appears at the head of this 
writing, and whose residence in Moultrie County, 
dates from 1855. 

Mr. Bushart was born in Perry County, Ohio, 
November 15. 1822, his worthy and respected par- 
ents being Jacob and Magdalena (Croomrine) 
Bushart, both of them uatives of Pennsylvania. 
They resided on a farm in Perry County. Ohio, for 
some years after their son John came to Illinois, 
when they followed him and made their home with 



this son. until the death of the father at the age of 
nearly ninety years, and thai of the mother at the 
age of eighty-two. 

The seven children of this excellent couple were 
our subject; William, who was a soldier in the One 
Hundred and Sixteenth Illinois Infantry, and was 
mortally wounded at the battle of Vicksburg; Sam- 
uel, who is a farmer in Moultrie County; Elizabeth, 
who married Charles Thar]) and resides in Allen 
County. Ohio; Sarah J., who married Joseph Smutz 
and lives at Cerro Gordo, 111.; Jacob, who was a 
soldier in an Ohio Regiment and was killed at 
Murfreesboro; and Eliza, who married .John Goetz, 
of Moultrie ( 'ounty. 

The subject of this sketch is the oldest of the 

family, and was reared upon the farm, his school 
days being very limited. When quite young he 
engaged as a farm hand, working by the month. 
and early struck out for himself. When twenty- 
two years he resolved to establish a home of his 
own and took to himself a wife in the person of 
Catherine Patterson, daughter of Alexander Pat- 
terson, she was horn in Fairfield County, Ohio, 
where .Mr. Bushart was residing at the time of their 
marriage, his parents having removed to that 
county when he was Imt a hoy. After marriage he 
worked at farming with the exception of three 
years when he was in other business. 

In lK.Vi .John Bushart came to the Prairie State, 
and as he was still a poor man and unable to pur- 
chase a farm, he rented land and worked as besl 
he could. About two years after coming to Moul- 
trie County, he had accumulated some money and 
purchased forty acres of raw land, going in debt 
for a part of it. He worked hard to pay off this 
indebtedness, and before he had completed the pay- 
ment, he purchased more. By great exertion and 
due economy he succeeded in his endeavors. He 
continued farming until the fall of 1889, when he 
retired from active life, being then the owner of 
four hundred and fifty-nine acres of land, upon 
which he had placed good improvements, and in 
which he has laid over fifteen miles of tiling. In 
1.HN7 he purchased fourteen acres of land in Beth- 
any, on which he erected one of the handsomest 
and most comfortable homes to be found in Moul- 
trie County. This is situated in grounds which 

have been adorned and beautified, and here he and 
his interesting wife find a happy home. 

While on the farm. Mr. Bushart paid consider- 
able attention to stock-raising, and also bought and 
sold live slock. All but one of the seven children 
of this family are still in life and health. They 
are as follows: Mary E.; Eli. who died at the age 
of thirteen years; George W., a farmer in Missouri; 
John J.. Sarah J., Laura, the wife of X. B. Allison, 
of Mattoon. 111.; and Tunis V., who married Lydia 

The political belief of .Mr. Bushart is in accord- 
ance with the declaration of the Republican party, 
in the prosperity of which he feels great interest. 
Before removing to Bethany he resided in Dora 
Township, and while there held various local offices, 
which he always tilled conscientiously and with 
benefit to the community. He is a man of deep re- 
ligious convictions, and has long been a member 
of the Christian Church. 

ARTIN LANDGREBE. The great com- 
monwealth of Illinois is the home of many 
self-made men. but none whose lives afford 
a better example of untiring industry, 
faithfulness and zeal in personal affairs, than can 
be found in the subject of this brief biographical 
notice. He owns and occupies a farm in Moultrie 
County, consisting of one hundred and twenty 
acres pleasantly located on section 10. Lowe Town- 
ship. He has elected thereon a comfortable and 
substantial dwelling, good barns and other out- 
buildings, and is successfully carrying on mixed 
farming. He and his faithful wife have done much 
hard work, and their home is the result of labor 
upon which they may well look back with mingled 
feelings of sorrow and joy. 

Germany is the native home of Mr. Landgrebe, 
and he was born June 2K, 1839. His parents, also 
natives of the Fatherland, bore the names of Jacob 
and Christine (Fisher) Landgrebe. After their 
marriage in Germany they settled first in their na- 
tive land, whence they removed in 18;j7 to Amer- 
ica. Their first home in the United States was in 



Sangamon County, 111., where they sojourned until 
186(5. being employed as farmers. Thence they re- 
moved to Moultrie County and settled in Lowe 
Township, where the mother died August 3, 1878. 
The father still survives and makes his borne in 
Lowe Township. Through his unceasing effortshe 
has become well-to-do, and better than worldly 
prosperity, has by his honorable dealings and iiji- 
right life, gained the confidence of all. 

The birth of Martin Landgrebe took place in 
Germany, .lime 8, 1839, and he was the third of 
the eight children born to his parents. When his 
father and mother crossed the broad Atlantic to 
make a home in America, he accompanied them 
and with them located first in Sangamon County, 
aud later in Moultrie County. His youth was 
passed in much the usual manner of fanners' boys 
at that early day. and the education which he 
gleaned from the ordinary text books of the times, 
while not extensive, was very thorough. Through 
subsequent reading he has become well informed 
on all subjects of importance, and being a plea-ant 
conversationalist, is very popular. 

The presiding genius in the home of Mr. Land- 
grebe is the lady who became his wife October 1. 
1863, and who was known in maidenhood as Sarah 
Ann Ilarhur. She is the daughter of Levi and 
Mary (Sawyer) Harbur, who died in Sangamon 
( ounty, 111. Mrs. Landgrebe was born in Sanga- 
mon County, February 16, 1845, and received not 
only a good common-school education, hut a No that 
careful home instruction which fitted her for the 
duties of wifehood and motherhood, and have 
given her a prominent place in the society of this 
locality. Of the eleven children born to them, six 
are living, viz: Mary C, born August •"'. 1865, and 
is the wife of JohnSchable; Jacob I... born Decem- 
ber 17. 1866, who married Ruth Shonkwilea; Lana 
E., born April 3, 1871; Joseph W., September 6, 
1*7:1; Benjamin F., December 29, 1877; and Dai-\ 
I).. February Hi. 1882. 

Mr. Landgrebe dates his arrival in this county 
from the year lsii7. when he settled on section 10, 
Lowe Township. He has embellished his farm with 
all modern improvements and buildings, and has 
placed the entire tract under good cultivation. lie 
ha- taken an active part in local affairs, votes the 

Democratic ticket, and lias held the offices of High- 
way Commissioner and School Director a number 
of years, and is now School Trustee to the satisfac- 
tion of all concerned, A devout Christian, his 
membership is in the Missionary Baptist Church, 
where he i- a J)eacoii. lie hold- a prominent place 
among the people of thi- section, ami is <_ r enerally 
respected for his honorable dealings and good char- 
acter, our subject is one of the first settlers in 
this township, and when he first came here the land 
on the southeast corner of section 10, was at that 
lime a large lake of water, and he says he could 
travel from his place to Bement across the prairie. 



>ILLIAM H.TAYLOR The business men 
of Dalton City are well-known throughout 
Moultrie and adjoining counties as worthy 
of high esteem on account of their thorough going 
integrity, their active enterprise and their prompt- 
ness in responding to the necessities of a business 
life. They have brought forward the financial in- 
terests of Dalton and made the young town one of 
mark in the county and throughout this portion 
of the State, and it i> well for the rising generation 
to study not only their methods hut their characters, 
as they are worthy of emulation. 

The lumber merchant whose oame appears at the 
head of this writing, located in Dalton in 1881, 
establishing the business which he has since con- 
ducted continuously. He was horn in Wayne 
County. HI. May 23, 1853, being a son of Robert 
and Mahala (Hawk) Taylor, both natives of Ohio. 
who settled in Wayne County in 1853 and are 
-till residents there where the father is carrying on 
a farm. 

The subject of this -ketch is the third in a fam- 
ily of seven living children, there being nine in 
the number originally, lie was reared upon the 
farm and educated in the districl schools, and in 
March. 1875, he went to Macon County and pur- 
sued farming until 1880, when he began work in a 
lumber yard. In the fall of 1880 he came to Dal- 
ton City aud took charge of the lumber business 
for s. D. Moore, becoming in 1*83 a partner iii the 



business, and two years later assuming the pro- 
prietorship and establishing also m trade in agricul- 
tural implements. 

Mr. Taylor was married in January, 1881, to Anna 
Bottemfleld, daughter of John and Maria Botteni- 
field, of Macon County. III. Hit nativity was in 
Ohio, January 30, 1K.">7. She lias two lovely and 
interesting children, Edna Verne and Lynn. A 
number of local offices have been filled by Mr. 
Taylor to the satisfaction and profit of the com- 
munity, lb' is a Republican in his political ties 
and an earnest advocate of the principles announced 
in the platform of that party. The Methodist 
Episcopal Church forms the religious home in 
whose communion and labors Mr. Taylor chooses 
to place himself. 

^ * i ' i t^^ t ^r ' ' 

/ip^USOX SWEET, a general farmer and stock- 
[l | ( raiser of Renn Township, Shelby County is 
x Vt/f< ranked among the most thrifty and enter- 
prising men of his class in this section of the 
county, lie was horn in Russell, Geauga County. 
Ohio, February 19, 1841. lie comes of one of the 
pioneer families of that State, where Ins father, 
Daniel Sweet, was also bom. his birthplace being 
in Ashtabula County. He. in turn, was a son of 
Louis Sweet, who was horn and reared, and mar- 
ried in the good old New England State of Conn- 
ecticut. In the prime and vigor of manhood he 
had emigrated from that section of the country to 
to Ohio and was one of the early settlers of that 
state, lie resided for a time in Ashtabula County 
and then cast in his lot with the pioneers of Gea- 
uga County, locating in Russell Township, where 
he cleared a farm from the finest, upon which he 
lived until death terminated his earthly career, lie 
served with credit in the War of 1812, and was a 
pensioner the last years of his life. The maiden 
name of his wife, grandmother of our subject, was 
Betsey Woodbury. 

The father of Our subject was but an infant when 
his parents took up their abode in the wilds of 
Geauga County, where he was reared to a sturdy 
manhood under pioneer influences. In his youth 

the country surrounding his early home was still 
mostly in its primitive condition and bears, wild 
turkeys and other kinds of game roamed through 
the forests which have since given way to rich 
farms and busy towns and cities. For many years 
there were no railways and the pioneers had to 
market their produce and obtain their supplies at 
Cleveland. Mr. Sweet early learned the trade of a 
carpenter and was prosperously engaged at that 
for several years. He still resides at Russell and is 
well known in that part of the country where the 
most of his life has been spent. The name of his 
wife was Philena Millard, and she was born in the 
town of Kirtland, Lake County, Ohio. Her father. 
Brazil Millard, is thought to have been born in 
Vermont, and was a pioneer farmer of Ohio, lie 
spent his last years with his son in Michigan. The 
mother of our subject died in August, 181)0, leav- 
ing behind her a record of a life well-spent. But 
two of her eleven children are now living, our sub- 
ject and his brother Edwin, the latter residing on 
the old homestead at Russell, Ohio. 

Orson Sweet, of whom this biography is written, 
was reared to agricultural pursuits in his native 
county and made the best of his opportunities to 
obtain an education at the public schools. When 
thirteen years old, the manly, resolute young lad 
began to earn his own living by working on a farm 
by the month, receiving at first but $X a month. 
This was a hard training for a boy. but he obtained 
a good insight into the best methods of carrying 
mi fanning while he winked out. which he con- 
tinued doing until his marriage, lie then bought 
forty-two acres of land in Chester Township, in 
his native county. There was a small frame house 
and barn on the place, and about thirty acres of 
the land were under cultivation. 

In 1869 our subject sold his Ohio farm as he had 
decided that the Prairie State afforded a wide- 
awake young fanner superior opportunities for 
carrying on agriculture, and coming to this county 
he bought the farm where he now resides on sec- 
tion 33. Penn Township, and a view of which is 
shown elsewhere in this volume. He had devoted 
his whole energies to the betterment of his farm 
and to the business of stock-raising-, and already 
occupies an important place among the principal 



stock men of this vicinity, lie makes a specially 
of raising thoroughbred Short-horn cattle. Per- 
cheron and Ilambietonian horses and Chester-white 


The marriage of our subject with Miss Ervilla 
Pelton took place in I860. Mrs. Sweet is also a 
native of Russell, Ohio and is a daughter of <■. S. 
and Lydia (Bailey) Pelton. To her and our sub- 
ject has been horn one daughter, lona. She mar- 
ried Jacob L. Fryar, of Maysville, Mo., and is the 
mother of these six children — Herbert Orson. Art- 
hur Lee. Mark Herman. Ada Blanche, Nellie Grace 
and Walter. Mr. and Mrs. Sweet are members in 
high standing of the Methodist Episcopal Church 
and regarded as among our best people socially, 
lie is a member of the Farmers' Alliance, but in 
politics he is unswerving in his allegiance the Re- 
publican party. 

THOMAS II. CROWDER. Perhaps there is 
no family in Marrowbone Township whose 
'various members are more prominent in 
social, political, agricultural and religious circles 
than that represented by the gentleman whose 
name appears at the head of this writing. Such a 
circle is broadly and thoroughly influential in 
upbuilding the material interests as well as the 
social and moral characteristics of a neighborhood. 
A more complete history of the parents of our 
subject will be found in the sketch of David M. 
Crowder, which appeals upon another page of this 

In a family of ten children our subject is the 
fourth in order of age. and was born in Jennings 
County. Ind.. March 31. 1835. He was about 
three years old when his parents came to what is 
now Moultrie County. 111., and his life to manhood 
was spent upon his father's farm in what is now 
known as Marrowbone Township. He resided at 
home until his marriage, which event took place 
in Sullivan, October 11, 1855. 

The lady who became Mrs. Thomas 11. Crowder. 
bore the maiden name of Marv McCord and is a 

daughter of John and Elizabeth McCord. who 
died in Marrowbone Township, she was born in 
Jennings County, Ind.. December I*. 1834. Her 
two children are John 1>. (who married first Miss 

Dora Hampton and subsequent to her death was 
united with Miss Katie Mott) and a daughter. 
Mary E.. who is the wife of F. D. Ilenneigh. 
Mrs. Mary Crowder had but a short experience 
of married life, as she died at her home in Marrow- 
bone Township, March 15, I860, leaving a wide 
circle of friends to mourn her loss. 

The second marriage of Mr. Crowder took place 
in Marrowbone Township, June 2<). I860, his bride 
being Miss Louvina Bosley, who was born in 
Shelby County, this State. February 1. 1837. 
Seven children have crowned this union — Sarah 
I!., who died when young; William E.. who 
married Miss Nellie Jordan; Mattie M., the wife of 
\V. II. Logan; Andrew who died in childhood; 
Armilda R.. Viola G. and Thomas II.. Jr. 

Farming and stock-raising in Marrowbone 
Township have fully employed the energies and 
enterprise of our subject anil he has employed the 
wise plans and shown the absorbing attention in 
business which have brought success. Upon his 
farm he has erected an excellent set of buildings 
suitable for carrying on the work and sheltering 
his Stock, and he is the owner of between four 
hundred and live hundred acres of excellent land" 
His well known reputation as a judicious and 
intelligent gentleman has led his fellow-citizens to 
twice elect him to the office of Supervisor of 
Marrowbone Township, lie is considered a leader 
in the Republican ranks and takes an active part 
in local politics. For more than twenty years he 
has been an Elder in the Cumberland Presbyterian 
Church in which his wife is also a member and 
where they are esteemed as conscientious and 
devoted helpers in every good work. 

The introduction of Short-horn cattle in this 
section of the country may justly be credited to 
this enterprising gentleman, and he is in the 
possession of the only full set of American Herd 
Looks in Shelby and Moultrie Counties, lie also 
makes a specialty of South Down stock as well as 
carriage, coach ami draft horses. He takes a great 
interest in every phase of the subject pertaining 



to fine stuck and is thoroughly informed in 
regard to this matter, t >»-in l; considered the 
fountain head of information on thesubject. The 
beautiful buildings upon his farm and his delight- 
ful residence, a view of winch appears on another 
page, speak forth their own praise of the system- 
atic, conscientious and cultured gentleman whose 
estate they crown. 

\f|OHN If. SHELTON, a tanner residing on 
section 2. Lowe Township, was horn in 
Chatham Township, Sangamon ( ounty. 111.. 
April 28. 1833. Hi- father, the late William 
Shelton. was a native of Virginia, while his mother, 
whose maiden name was Prudence Xeal. was bora 
in Kentucky. They came to Illinois early in life, 
and after their marriage in Sangamon County, set- 
tled in Chatham Township, where after a long and 
honorable life, the father died about L878, at the 
age of seventy-two years. The mother survives at 
an advanced aye and makes her home inSangamon 

The seven children born to this worthy couple 
were named as follows: William. John R., Aniar- 
ine. Daniel M., Zarilda, .lames and George. The 
second son. John R., the subjeel of this biographi- 
cal notice, was reared to manhood in Sangamon 
County, his youth being passed in much the usual 
mannerof fanners' hoys of that period. He gleaned 
the rudiments of his education from the primitive 
text hooks still in use in the district schools, and 
this knowledge has been enlarged and broadened 
through subsequent study, until he is now thor- 
oughly informed on all events of local ami general 
importance, and an agreeable conversationalist 
with whom many a pleasant hour may he passed. 

When ready to establish a home of his own. our 
subject left the parental roof, and with his bride, 
began life on a farm in Loami Township, lie has 
ever received the cheerful co-operation of his wife, 
with whom he was joined in the holy bonds of 
wedlock in Loami Township. Sangamon County, 
November 30, 1854. Mrs.8helton bore the maiden 
name of Eliza J. Kinney, and was the daughtei of 

the late Henry and Martraret (l)orronce) Kin- 
ney, natives respectively of Madison and Oneida 
Counties, New York. Mr.and Mrs. Kinney passed 
the first years of their happy wedded life in 
Loami Township, whence after a sojourn of many 
years, they removed to Chatham village and there 
the mother died in September, 1883. The father 
afterward made his home in Springfield and also 
with our subject until his death in Springfield, 
April 2. 1889. His family comprised five children. 
namely: Daniel, Clarissa, Caroline. Eliza J., and 
Rebecca M. 

The birthplace of Mrs. Shelton was Loami Town- 
ship, Sangamon County, and her natal day October 
9, 1834. Under the careful training of her parents 
she grew to a noble womanhood, well fitted to take 
charge of a home of her own. Her first home after 
marriage was in Loami Township, hut later she and 
her husband settled in Chatham Township. This 
was not their permanent home, however. In Sep- 
tember. 1874. they came to .Moultrie County, where 
they purchased a farm on section 2. Lowe Town- 
ship, and here they still remain. The farm com- 
prises one hundred and nine acres, and he has a 
neat set of buildings, including a commodious, 
conveniently-arranged residence, where comfort 
reigns supreme and hospitality abounds. 

Seven children have been horn of the happy 
wedded lite of Mr. and Mrs. Shelton; William and 
Lewis are deceased, the former dying at the age of 
one year and the latter when seven years old: 
William (2d) died in Lowe Township in 1876 when 
seventeen year- old: Richard is a farmer in Color- 
ado: Luella is the wife of Frank Kagey; Charles 
and Caroline M. are still at home. Mrs. Shelton is 
a member of the Missionary Baptist Church, to 
which she ha- belonged since 1865. Her maternal 
great-grandfather was a surgeon in the Revolu- 
tionary War and lost his life at Ft. QuQuesne. On 
her father's side .Mrs. Shelton is of English ex- 
traction, and on the maternal side of Irish descent. 
When the preservation of the Union was threat- 
ened Mr. Shelton was deeply devoted to her wel- 
fare and enlisted in her behalf in August, l*fi2. in 
Company B, One Hundred and Thirtieth Illinois 
Infantry, serving three years until the close of the 
war. Dnring this time he was on constant duty 



and tin- hardships and exposures so undermined 
his strength that In- has -nice never regained his 
former health. He participated in tin- following 
important engagements: Magnolia Hill. Champion 
Hills. Jackson, Miss., Vicksburg, Ft. Blakesly and 
Spanish Fort, besides numerous skirmishes of minor 
importance though not less dangerous, lie was 
with the One Hundred and Thirtieth Illinois from 
the time of his enlistment until May 6, 1863, when 
he was detached ami joined the Mercantile Battery 
of Chicago. After remaining with this battery 
one year he rejoined the regiment with which he 
had originally enlisted. This was consolidated 
with the Seventy-seventh Illinois Infantry, of 
which it was an integral part until peace was 

As might lie expected Mr. Shelton is a promi- 
nent member of Harker Post, No. 189, (-. A. li. 
In politics he is a firm Republican, but has never 
Keen an office-seeker, preferring domestic pleasures 
to the turmoil of public life. lie is a tine type of 
our self-made men. as he entered upon his career 
as a fanner with but little means and only by the 
exercise of ambition and industry coupled with 
practical economy and excellent business judg- 
ment, has he worked his way up to a position of 
importance among the most substantial citizen- of 
I -owe Township. 

ACOB H. DUMOND. Although an Amer- 
ican by birth, education and association, of 
which fact he is proud, our subject is of 
French parentage and ancestry, and all his 
business dealings have been carried on with a dash 
and vivacity for which hi- ancestors have always 
been noted. Now. at the zenith of his career, lit- 
is a farmer and stock-dealer residing in Loving- 
ton, Moultrie County, but his interests have been 
so large and varied for the past twenty-five year-. 
and his exploits in commercial fields have brought 
such sudden and rich returns that one hesitates to 
set bim down as a fanner. His name i- one that 
i- most frequently met with in the environs of 

Our subject's father wa- William Dumond. who 

was of French parentage. His mother wa- Martha 
Housel, who was born in Steuben County, X. Y. 
There they were married and settled on a farm. 
whence they came to Edgar ( ounty, this State, in 
1840, where they lived until their decease. The 
father passed awaj September 24, 1850. The 
mother's decease occurred in June, 1884. He was 
a fanner by occupation and brought up his sons 
to a thorough knowledge of agricultural work. 

They hail six children, three -on- and three daugh- 
ters, and Of these our subject was the eldest, lie 
was born in Steuben County, X. Y., March 18, 
1835, and came to this State with his parents in 

June, 1840. Here he grew to maul 1. being 

reared on his father's farm, and although educa- 
tional advantages were not of the best, he man- 
aged to acquire a good and practical education. 
He lived at home with hi- mother until he lie- 
came of age. early shouldering the responsibilities 
and care- of the family as his father had died 
when the son was but fifteen year- of age. 

After leaving home, our subject was engaged 
in a saw and grist mill in Oakland, Coles County. 
for a period of four years, "hence he went to 
Vermilion County, this state. His attention was 
attracted thither by the fact that a severe wind- 
Storm or cyclone passing through a heavy belt of 
timber in Vermilion County laid lowmany thou- 
sands of the monarch- of the forest that had only 
to lie drawn ton convenient place to be -awed into 

timber. Borrowing the monej with which to 
cany out hi- plans, he erected a sawmill in a een 
tral location and began the work of transform- 
ing the logs into merchantable shape. Although 
he got the very small amount of sixty-five cents 
per hundred for his work, he paid the amount 
loaned him and had remaining quite a handsome 
interest lie continued there about two years, 
when he traded his interest in the machinery for 
one hundred and twenty acres of land near Oak- 
land. Cole County, and upon this he settled, en- 
gaging in farming. There he remained for thret 
years, at the end of which time he traded his 
farm for one hundred and sixty acre- in Moultrie 
(ounty without seeing it. Besides this he received 
*:;h<i in cash, and this Mr. Dumond considered 
One "f the best trade- he ha- cw-i made. The land 



was located in Lowe Township, to which place our 
subject removed and continued t<> live until the 
spring of 1**6. when he retired from active farm- 
ing and came to Lovington, where he has since 
resided. He is now the owner of eight hundred 
and five acres, seven hundred and sixty of which 
are in one body. 

When quite a young man Mr. Dumond took 
upon himself the responsibilities of married life. 
taking as his wife Elizabeth Kerns. Their nuptials 
were celebrated in Oakland, Coles County, this 
State. November 19, 1859. Mrs. Dumond was a 
native probably of Pennsylvania, although < >hio 
may have been her birthplace, as her parents lived 
there when she was very young. This marriage 
was blessed by the advent of three children, whose 
names are: Hat-tie A., the wife of Thomas Ran- 
dolph, of White County, this State: Henry P. is 
a farmer in Lowe Township; and Kulista died in 
infancy. Mrs. Elizabeth Dumond's death occurred 
in Lowe Township .June Hi. 1869. She was an 
admirable woman, her chief interest being centered 
in her home and family. 

( ) in- subject's second marriage was to .Mrs. Eliza- 
beth Hunsinger, the widow of Simon Hunsinger, 
who was born in White County, 111. By her first 
marriage she was the mother of two children — 
Mary and Willie, deceased. By her union with Mr. 
Dumond she became the mother of one child — 
Arabella. Mrs. Dumond was a member of the Baptist 
Church and a most estimable woman, she died 
duly 1."). 1885. 

The paternal grandparents of our subject were 
William V. and Eliza Dumond, both natives of 
France. The maternal grandparents were Jacob 
and Sarah Housel, natives of New York State. 
Jacob Housel was one of the settlers in Edgar 
County and locaters of the old state road which 
runs from Springfield to the State line, and join- 
ing with the road going on to Indianapolis, lie 
located many of the early settlers of Edgar 
County, this state. To Mr. Housel i> due the 
credit of being one of the promoters of the old 
Terre Haute and Alton Railroad, now known as 
the "Big Four.'" running at the present time from 
Indianapolis to St. Loins, and in his efforts and 
zeal for the success of this road he so involved 

himself financially that he lost all his property, 
but during the years that have since elapsed he 
recovered to a great extent his financial standing. 
The original of our sketch i> a man whose nat- 
ural abilities and pleasing presence have pushed 
him to the front in local public life. He has tilled 
the office of Supervisor of Lowe Township upwards 
i if -even years, and for several years was Chairman 
of the Town Board. Mr. Dumond has taken an 
active part in political affairs, being a devoted 
and enthusiastic adherent of the Democratic party. 
Socially lie i> a member of the Masonic fraternity 
and has held many of the chairs in that society. 

be descended from an honorable ancestry 
and to trace one's lineage from men and 
women of past generations who lived noble lives 
and served their country and their God is a just 
subject for pride and self-congratulation. And such 
a record i> his whose name appears at the head of 
this. paragraph. 

Capt. Freeland, who resides upon section 17. 
Marrowbone Township, Moultrie County, is the 
son of the late John .1. Freeland. who was born in 
Orange County. X. ( '.. upon Xew Year's day, 170*. 
John Freeland. the father of John J., was born in 
the same county in 1762, and his father. .lames (the 
great-grandfather of our subject) first saw the light 
within twenty miles of Londonderry. Ireland, in 
1730. The father of this ancestor, whose name is 
unknown, is said to be one of the Huguenot refu- 
gees who fled from Pickardy. France, and settled 
near Londonderry, Ireland. The persecutions of 
those day- >ent out from their native homes hun- 
dreds of valuable citizens whose worth was not ap- 
preciated by the Government under which they 
lived, but those lives in Eoreign lands proved the 
seed-corn from which sprang religions and politi 
cal liberty. 

James Freeland, the great-grandfather of our sub- 
ject, came about the year 1725 from Ireland and 
settled on the Schuylkill River, in German town, 



which was afterward the site of a notable conflict 
and is now probably the mosl elegant suburb of 
Philadelphia. After the Revolutionary War he 
removed to Ninth Carolina where his son, James, 
made a matrimonial allianee with Sally, daughter 
of Gov. Dinwiddie, who was Governor of Virginia 
under the British Crown. The great-grandfather 
of our subject took a very active part in all impor- 
tant movements and was one of the prominent 
men of that day. His last days were spent in Ala- 
mance County. N. C, where he died at the age of 

John Freeland, the grandfather of our subject, 
was born, as before stated, in 1762, and was Deputy 
Sheriff at an early age under his father, and like 
him was an active and prominent man. He passed 
the last years of his honorable career upon his 
plantation in Orange County. X. ('.. where he. like 
his father, reached the advanced age of eighty-five 
years. He was an independent soldier in the Revo- 
lutionary War and carried on "bushwhacking" 
against the British. 

John .1. Freeland. the father of our subject, 
resided in North Carolina and was the proprietor 
of a plantation and numerous slaves and was also 
engaged in the mercantile business. The Gover- 
nor of the State appointed him Judge of the 
County Court, besides which he held other impor- 
tant positions. He was prominently identified 
with the Masonic order and for many years was 
Master of the lodge and attained the Thirty-second 
degree of Masonry. In his religious life he car- 
ried out the principles of his Huguenot ancestry. 

The new West attracted the attention of John 
.1. Freeland and he emigrated hither and settled 
at Freehand's Point which was named for his 
brother .lames. It was in 1856 that he came to (his 
State with his wife and the younger members of 
the family and here he engaged in farming and 
pa— ed the remainder of his days, dying in July, 
l^TT. at Freeland Point. Marrowbone Township. 

The mother of our subject, whose maiden name 
was Mary Craige, was born in Orange County. N. 
C. June <1. 1801, her parents being Col. David ami 
Retty (Burroughs) Craige. who were natives of the 
same county where they spent all their days. 
Eleven children were born to .lohn J. and Mary 

Freeland. These live sons and six daughters are 
Charles -I. who is a physician at Rogers, Ark.; 
Betty, is the wife of Dr. s. I). Schoolfield of 
Macomb. Miss.; Catherine, a resident of Moultrie 
County: Caroline, who was the wife of . I. B. Knight, 
and died in Marrowbone Township about the year 
1875; Francis M.. died in infancy: (apt. 
William .1. of whom we wili speak more at length; 
Mary, is the wife of Rev. Clark Loudoun of 
Pierre, S. Dak.; Thomas J., of Dalton City, whose 
biographical sketch will be found elsewhere in this 
volume; Sarah .1.. who resides in Moultrie County: 
(apt. .lohn Andrew ami Emma T.. who i> the wife 
of .lames A. Ronev. a grain-dealer of Decatur. 111. 

(apt. William .1. Freeland. the brother of our 
subject, was an officer in the Confederate army 
where he played an important part, as he com- 
manded the provost guards of Whitney's division 
of the army, and at the request of Gen. Whiting, 
the right wing of the i'nion Army at the first 
battle of Bull Run was attacked by him and cap- 
tured the battery known as Old Betsey. He was 
mortally wounded and captured at Fair Oaks and 
dying at Fortress Monroe, was buried there with 
Masonic honors. Before the breaking out of the 
war he was filling the position of General Superin- 
tendent of the North Carolina Central Railroad. 

.lohn Andrew, who was next to the youngest in 
this large family, was born in Orange County. N. 
C, October 31. 1839, anil his early life was spent 
there until he came to Moultrie County. 111., with 
his father in 1856. He was living at home when 
the war broke out and at once enlisted under the 
I'nion flag. May 1. 1861, being one of the first 
volunteers in Moultrie County. He became a 
member of Company E, Twenty-first Illinois Regi- 
ment which was afterward known as Grant's Regi- 
ment and to whom was given the honor in 1891 
of unveiling the magnificent equestrian statue of 
that hero which has been erected in Lincoln Park. 
Chicago. The young man was mustered into the 
United states service at Springfield, 111., .luue 28. 
1861, receiving the commission of Second Lieuten- 
ant. He served in that capacity until November 
20th of the same year when he was promoted to 
the rank of F'irst Lieutenant and received further 
promotion February 17. 1863, when he was given 



the commission of Captain. This position he held 
until July 5, 1864, when he was honorably dis- 
charged mid mustered out of service at Chatta- 
nooga, To nn. 

Our young hero was in the battle of Fredericks- 
town, Mo., which was the first Union victory dur- 
ing the Civil War and remembers being an eye 
witness to the death of the rebel Gen. Lowe, who 
was instantly killed in thai engagement. For sev- 
eral weeks he was engaged with others in driving 
the rebel General, Jeff Thompson, known as the 
••Swamp Fox." across the White River into Arkan- 
sas. He took pari in the siege <>f Corinth and saw 
the smoke of battle at Perryville, Knob Gap, Stone 
River, Liberty Gap and Chickamauga. Forseven- 
teen days and nights he was under fire on John- 
ston's ro treat from Kingston to Marietta, Ga. 

After being mustered out of the service Capt. 
Freeland returned to the peaceful engagement of 
agriculture, devoting himself assiduously to farm- 
ing and dealing in stock. Previous to the breaking 
out of the war he had been married in Moultrie 
County, his wedding day being February 5, 1861, 
and his bride Miss Elvira Honey, a native of this 
county, who bore to him two children — Alice, who 
died when about live years old and William, who 
was snatched from the arms of bis parents when a 
babe of live months. The mother of these children 
passeil to the other world April .'ill. [866. 

Our subject was again married in Moultrie 
County. .Inly I. I«l>7. to Miss l.yda J. Langton, 
who was born in Lewiston, Pa., August 13, 1845. 
They have had eight children: William C, John 
11.. Joseph L., Ella B., May. Maude. Harry I., and 
Homer. .May died when she was fourteen months 
old. The family resided in Marrowbone Township 
until 1874, when they removed to Sullivan and 
here the Captain undertook the study of law, being 
with Eden A- Clark for two years and being admit- 
ted to the bar in Kansas in 1*77. In the spring 
of that year he removed to Kinsley, Edwards 
County, Kan., and practiced law there for two years, 
during which time he was elected County .Indue for 
one term and in 1879 returned to Illinois and again 
made his homo in Marrowbone Township, since 
which time he has paid his almost undivided atten- 
tion to farming and raising tine horses and cattle. 

Upon his lino farm of two hundred and sixty 
acres (apt. Freeland has made valuable improv- 
nients and within his hospitable home he and his 
lovely and intelligent companion are ever ready to 
extend gracious welcome to every friend who 
seeks their door. One who visits this household 
can but fool that he is the guest of a true gentle- 
man and a genuine gentlewoman and those who 
know' the public-spirited course which the Captain 
always pursues in regard to affairs of public import, 
are assured that ho is a disinterested citizen of his 
county, lie is prominently identified with the 
Washington Alexander Post. No. 17fi. O. A. R. 
and has repeatedly been Commander of the post 
and has been President of the Regimental Associ- 
ation of Grant's old regiment. Ho is a Royal Arch 
Mason and in politics is a Republican and formerly 
took an active part in political affairs. 




W / 

> 1LKIXSON BROS. The union of the fam- 

ily interests in business enterprises has 
long boon made prominent both in the old 
country and in America. Many prominent linns 
have for generations borne the family name and it 
lias been the pride of those thusconnected to main- 
tain these business relations and to build up an 
honorable record as a commercial family. So strong 
has boon this feeling in some notable instances as 
to compel any who joined the firm as members to 
legally adopt the family name. This union of the 
family affection and business interests is well illus- 
trated in the record of the well-known firm whoso 
name appears at the head of this paragraph. 

The Wilkinson Pros., dealers in lumber, tile and 
coal at Bethany, Moultrie County, established busi- 
ness under the present firm and style in 1.S.H2. The 
members of the firm are four brothers, namely: 
Jasper N., John J., Warren A., William W., all of 
them natives of Vinton County, Ohio, and sons of 
Jacob and Mary (Morrison) Wilkinson. The par- 
ents were also natives of Vinton County, were 
there married and reared their family, remov- 
ing to Illinois in the fall of 1864, and passing the 
winter at Millniine. The following year they lo- 



cated al :i small town (now defunct) which bore 
the name of Dawtown, and the father of the fam- 
ily worked in :i sawmill there as his business in 
Ohio had been in the line of operating sawmills 
and gristmills. 

The family removed in 1868 to a farm near Ar- 
genta, Macon County. 111., and there thej rented 
land and afterward purchased a farm of three hun- 
dred acres, tilling and improving it and placing 
upon it fine -tuck. There the parents Mill reside 
and the father who has made a success of stock- 
raising, is uow engaged in breeding red-polled 
cattle. These faithful parents who have succeeded 
in bringing up to maturity so fine a family are 
people of true Christian character and prominent 
members of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. 

Twelve children blessed this frugal pioneer home 
and nine of the number are Mill living, namely: 
Jasper N\. Warren A.. John J., William \\ '.. Mary 
F... George V... Charles F... Arthur L. and I.uella J. 
.Mary is now the wife of Walter L. William-: Jas- 
per N. was born in 1851 and early distinguished 
himself in local circles by his studious disposition, 
fitting himself for teaching at the early age of fif- 
teen. In 1874 he was graduated from the Mate 
Normal University at Normal. 111., and he is now 
a Professor in the Mate Normal School at Emporia, 
Kan. He has formed a congenial marriage with 
Mi-s Nellie Reynolds, of Buda, 111. 

Warren A. was born December 14. 1857, and 
was reared upon a farm until 1881, when he came 
to Bethany and engaged in the manufacture of 
tile, being associated with his brothers; he built a 
tile factory, which they still own and operate, and 
thus was inaugurated the successful business which 
beat's their name. His marriage with Grace, daugh- 
ter of Dr. E. A. Piatt, brought him three beautiful 
children, all of whom are now deceased: his wife 
:i 1~> ■ passed to the other world in 1891. Warren A. 
resides at Bethany and gives his whole attention to 
the business of the firm. John A. was born Sep- 
tember 2.S. 1859, and, like his eldest brother, is a 
graduate of the State Normal University al Normal. 
111., being, a member of the (lass of '85; he also 
gives his attention to teaching, being t lie Principal 
of the grammar school at Springfield, III., and hav- 
ing held the principalship of the Lovington schools 

from 1885 to 1889. William W. was born Septem- 
ber 1. 1861, and when he had completed his ele- 
mentary education he devoted himself to the study 
of .book-keeping and commercial law at Lincoln, 
11L, and later attended Bryant & Stratton's Busi- 
ness College at Chicago. After completing his 
studies he became a useful member of the firm of 
Wilkinson Bros, in 1882. He and his brother War- 
ren are the active members of the firm and the effi- 
cient and capable managers, making their home at 

This honorable and intelligent family have 
shown themselves capable both in the intellectual 
and business world and the parents of these sons 
have abundant reason to rejoice, not only in their 
success in life in their respective fields and in the 
respect whicb is meted out to them 1>\ all who 
know them, but also in their admirable Christian 
characters and in their efficiency in church work as 
they are all workers in the Cumberland Presbyter- 
ian Church, with which most of them are person- 
ally identified. 



Sp^>HOMA»S F. MAYES. The wonderful suc- 
/V-n cess which ha- crowned tin- efforts of thou— 
V_y and- of farmers who came to Illinois in 
poverty, is worthy the annals of the historian. 
The wealth in the soil of the Prairie Mate like the 
gold hidden in the dins-, responded magically to 
the alchemy of the earnest effort, enterprise and 
industry of the pioneer farmer, and astonished the 
world by its splendid results. The farming com- 
munity of Dore Town-hip. Moultrie t ounty,gives 
many instances of this success in agriculture and 
one of its farmer- who reside- within the limits of 
Dalton City, is the gentleman whose name appears 
at the head of this sketch. 

Our subject owns titty five acres of land within 
this corporation, besides two hundred and forty 
outside. He settled ill Moultrie County in the 
spring of 1865, and has since been a resident of 
Dore Township. He was born in Mifflin County. 
Pa.. April 7. 1*:>7. being a son of Matthew T. and 
Martha (Ewing) Mayes, the father of our subject 

w; i 


being a tanner by trade. The paternal grandpa- 
rentscame from Maryland, and the parents <>f our 
subject lived and <li<-<l in Pennsylvania, and dur- 
ing their later years resided on a farm, where the 
father died August 31. 1845, being then only forty- 
two years old. while the mother survived until 
the spring of 1869, and passed away at the age of 

The four children of Matthew and Martha 
Mayes are as follows: James, who is a resident of 
Lewiston, Pa.; Eliza, who married Mr. G.W. Soult, 
and resides on the old home in Mifflin County, 
l'a.: William E., who resides in Strawn, Kan., and 
our subject, who is the third in order of age. His 
early life was passed upon the farm, and after tak- 
ing a public school education he received instruc- 
tion in the academy, ami ill 1857. took a business 
course at Pittsburg, l'a.. after which he clerked in 
different business houses. 

Tin' marriage of our subject took place Decem- 
ber 2<>. 1861, and lie was then united with Isabel 
Laugton, who was horn : in Pennsylvania, and is a 
daughter of Joseph I. and Catherine Laugton. 
They continued to reside in Pennsylvania until 
1865, when they came to Illinois and purchased 
one hundred and sixty acres of slightly improved 
land, anil proceeded to carry on the business of 
stock-raising. In 1K7I. .Mr. .Mayes removed to 
Dalton City, as he had been some time prior to 
this movement appointed station agent, and he 
was also carrying on the lumber business. He con- 
tinued as station and express agent for two years, 
after which he was for three years not employed in 
the former capacity, hut in 1K7K. he took the posi- 
tion again and still continues in it. At the same 
lime he has carried on his farm successfully, hut in 
May. 1875, he disposed of his lumber business. 

Mr. and Mrs. Mayes have hail seven children, on c 
daughter, Harriet ().. having died in her thirteenth 
year. The others are as follows: Martha C. wife 
of Lowell A. Smith, of Macon County; Anna M., 
who now lias charge of the railroad station at 
Dalton City; Eliza E., wife of .lames Freeland, 
of Macon County: Joseph I.. Matthew T.. and 
.lames \\\. who are at home. In 1875. Mr. Maves 
erected upon one of the prominent sites of the 
town a tine store building, and established a drug 

business which he conducted for some three years. 
He has held a number of local offices and is a de- 
voted adherent to the principles and policy of the 
Democratic party. He is identified with both the 
Knights of Honor and the Masonic fraternity. 
Mrs. Mayes is a woman of devoted Christian char- 
acter and a leading member in the Presbyterian 
Church. Her pleasant home is the center of a true 
social life and her gracious hospitality affords a 
hearty welcome to every guest. 

V *=»=♦ J 

l man-American citizens who have con- 
^ tributed so largely to the development of 
.Moultrie County and have been so prom- 
inently connected with its progress, conspicuous 
mention belongs to Mr. Erhardt who owns and 
operates a tine farm on section 1(1. Lowe Township. 
A worthy representative of the class of farmers 
upon whom the prosperity of the world depends, 
he is pursuing his chosen avocation with energy 
and skill. In every movement that is likely to 
advance the material or moral welfare of the citi- 
zens, he is ever ready to bear what part he can. and 
he and his estimable wife are ever to lie relied on 
when there is need of neighborly service or friendly 

Mr. Erhardt is the son of the late George Er- 
hardt. a native of Germany, who was married in 
bis native land to Barbara Erhardt, who was of the 
same name hut no relative. In 1K54 the parents 
emigrated to America and directly after landing 
came to St. Louis, Mo., whence, after a residence 
of one year, they removed to Sangamon County. 
111. Several years afterward they came to Doug- 
las County, where the father died in 1^72. The 
mother survived him many years and passed from 
earth in Moultrie County in 1886. Our subject, 
who was the youngest among live children, was 
horn in Germany, November 28. 1850. lie was 
only about four years old when he was brought by 
his parents to this country, of which he has ever 
since been a resident. 




After passing the early years of lii- life in San- 
gamon County, 111., and gaining the rudiments of 
an education in its district schools. Mr. Krhardt 
accompanied his parents to Douglas County. 
There he was married June 11. 1874, to Miss 
Catherine K. Hoover, daughter of Benjamin and 
Nancy Hoover. Mr. Hoover resides in Arthur. 111. 
He and his wife were the parents of nine children, 
Mrs. Krhardt being the third, and she was born in 
Pennsylvania December "2(i. Ijs.'pI. After their 
marriage our subject and his wife located in Doug- 
las County where they lived until 1881. 

Upon coming to Moultrie Comity in 1881 Mr. 
Krhardt located on section 10, Lowe Township, 
where he now owns one hundred and twenty acres 
of good land. Having followed farming pursuits 
from his youth he has acquired a thorough prac- 
tical knowledge of all its departments and has be- 
come known as one of the most enterprising and 
successful farmers of the vicinity. He is a firm 
believer in the principles of the Democratic party 
and supports its ca ididates with his ballot and in- 
llucnee. He has held the offices of Highway Com- 
missioner and School Director and has done efficient 
service for the public in both capacities. He and 
his wife are both active members of the Christian 
Church, in which he has held the office of Elder. 
They are the parents of four children. Benjamin, 
George, Freddie and Alfred. George and Alfred 
are deceased. The surviving children are receiv- 
ing excellent educations and bid fair to hold re- 
sponsible positions in life. 


► • it 


S APT. JOHN J. SIMMONS, who resides on 
section 18, of Tower Hill Township. Shelby 
' County, was born in Troy. N. Y.. May 7. 
181 1. When he was very young his father removed 
to Covington, Kv.. and lived there about two years. 
From there he removed to Switzerland ( ountv. End., 
where he remained forseven years, then he removed 
again to Cincinnati, and with his family occupied 
the first house in Cincinnati. Ohio, which was built 
of logs. From the time our subject was a lad of 
fourteen years of age until his parents" death, he 

made himself their protector and provider, supply- 
ing them with all the comforts of life that it was 
possible for him to give them. After he was four- 
teen years of age he was employed in steam boat- 
ing on various rivers and was thus engaged for 
fifty years. 

In August, 1K74. the gentleman whose philan- 
thropic life it is our pleasure here to chronicle, 
and whose portrait is also presented to his many 
friends, came to Shelby County and settled in 
Tower Hill, where he has since been a resident. He 
is the owner and proprietor of two hundred and 
seventy acres of land, upon which he has erected a 
very good series of buildings. His residence, to 
which he has given the very suggestive name 
"Happy Home'" is located at only a short distance 
from the meeting of two roads and as the traveler 
approaches he sees the name of the place in large 
letters on the house; of course it attracts much at- 
tention. It is. in fact and deed, a happy home. 

Capt. and Mrs. Simmons, at the present writing, 
(May. 1891) have been married about fifty-seven 
years, and during all this time not an unpleasant 
word has passed between them. Everything within 
and without denotes happiness and comfort. Capt. 
Simmons, who is at an advanced a^ at the pres- 
ent lime in feeble health, and is the object of the 
solicitude and kindest attention of each and every 
member of his family. His marriage took place in 
Cincinnati, Ohio, October 8, 1835, and the cere- 
mony was solemnized by the father of Benjamin 
Harrison, present President of the United States. 
Mrs. Simmons was Miss Elizabeth Gunning,and was 
born near Cincinnati, January 11. 1K17. Ten 
children were born to this worthy couple and in- 
stead of being cares and sources of trial to their 
parents, as is unhappily too frequently the case, 
they have been welcome, and grown up both lov- 
ing and beloved among themselves and bearing a 
tender regard for the authors of their being. In 
name they are as follows: Alonzo, Caroline. Al- 
bert. John •!.. Temperance .1.. Moses E. and Charles. 
The deceased children - died in infancy. Alonzo 
was married to Mary Xewbold. Caroline was the 
wife of Monroe Taylor. Albert was united to Lu- 
cindia Frailkill. John .1. married Anna Custer. 
Temperance J. is the wife of Marshall Hipes. Moses 



K. married Elizabeth Elliott. Charles was united 
to Ella Fluckey. 

dipt. Simmons has ever been a supporter of the 
Gospel and lit- and liis wife are members of the 
( hristian Church. Socially he has been united with 
the Masonic fraternity, for many years, and is also 
an Odd Fellow. His Masonic connection extend- 
over fifty years, and his alliance with the ( >dd Fel- 
lows for the same length <>t' time. It is a commen- 
tary upon the effect of the use of stimulants that 
Capt. Simmons, who has attained an age a good 
many years transcending that which is usually al- 
lotted to man. has never used tobacco in any form, 
and although, having been a rivercaptain for many 
years and associated with men who have the repu- 
tation for indulging in stimulants to an alarming 
extent, he scarcely knows the taste of intoxicants. 

('apt. Simmons is the proud possessor of a line 
on-hard covering thirty acres. For this he was 
offered $100 an acre, by D. James, who is a prom- 
inent nurseryman in Christian County. The fruits 
that are the outcome of this orchard are as luscious 
as any that come from the Golden Mate. The 
father of our subject was John W. Simmons, who 
was a native of New York City. He died in 1859 
while on a visit to AVisconsin. Our subject 'smother 
was Dolly (Ginison) Simmons, who was horn in 
Boston, Mass.. and died in Kokomo. Ind. The 
parents of Mrs. Simmons were Robert and Temper- 
ance (Cox) Gunning. They were horn in Knoxville, 
Tenn.. and died in Indiana. 

The position of chief engineer as well as that of 
( aptain was held by Mr. Simmons who is the pos- 
sessor of fifty sets of Government licenses. He 
served through the war. taking pari in the marine 
conflicts on different gunboats, sometimes changing 
from as many as live different boats in a single day. 
although he had not enlisted in regular marine ser- 
vice. His daughter, Mrs. Caroline Taylor, at whose 
instance this sketch is written is the mother of two 
children. John S. and Frank S. 

The venerable old gentleman, whose picture 
would serve as a happy representation of the he- 
loved follower of the Master, is revered by all. All 
his fads and fancies are quaint and benevolent and 
show a generous spirit. He has provided a . 
comfortable room in an outbuilding, which he pre- 

pared especially for tramps or homeless people, 
knowing all to be God's people, and believing it to 
be incumbent on all who are prospered, to care for 
the helpless, the homeless, and the unfortunate. He 
i- a dear old gentleman, and makes one better and 
gentler to come in contact with him. 

»»-> fc- >*^ H 


OBERT McCLUNG. Among the old resi- 
dents of Moultrie ( ounty and numbered 
among her brave hoys who were sent forth 
to defend the flag of our Union we are 
pleased to name the progressive and intelligent 
farmer, whose prosperity we here record. Mr. Mc- 
Clung resides on section 30, J. owe Township, and 
his residence in the county dates from 1859, dur- 
ing which year there were hut seven voters in the 
township and of that seven our subject is the only 
one now remaining within its bounds. 

This gentleman was horn in Union County. 
Ohio, -Inly 12. 1836, his respected parents being 
Thomas arid Elizabeth (Danderson) Met lung, who 
had their birth in the ( >ld Dominion and the Buck- 
eye State respectively and who met and married 
in Perry County, Ohio. The tirst wedded home 
of this couple was established in Logan County, 
that State, where they were early settlers before 
moving to Union (ounty. 

"Westward the star of Empire takes its course." 
and following this beacon the family undertook a 
removal with team and wagon from Ohio to Iowa. 
Arriving there in 1844 they prospected for a while. 
but being dissatisfied with the Hawkeye State they 
turned hack as far as Vigo County. Ind.. where 
they remained for some time and where the mother 
died in 1846. she had been the mother of eleven 
children of whom seven grew to years of maturity. 
The father eventually returned to Ohio where he 
remained for several years, hut his final end came 
in Vigo County, Ind.. while he was making a visit. 

The early orphanage of our subject by the death 
of his mother when he was ten years old led to his 
making his home with an uncle and both at his 
father's and at his relative's lie was thoroughly 
trained in farm duties and prepared for a practical 



life, lint in various ways his schooling was inter- 
fered with and his book education was limited. 
His first coming West was in 1S.")2 and his first 
settlement was at Monticello, Hi., where he made 
the acquaintance of the Piatt family with whom 
he made Ins home and served as a farm hand. In 
1859 he left this family (for whom the flourishing 
county of Piatt was named) and came to Moultrie 
County where he rented a farm, lint his patriotic 
impulse did not permit him to remain here follow- 
ing the pursuits of peace, lie enlisted in 1862 
and was mustered into service in Company A, One 
Hundred Twenty-sixth Illinois Infantry under 
command of Cant. Van Fleet. This company 
served through three years of fatiguing marches. 
severe engagements, numerous skirmishes and 
gained for themselves an enviable renown. 

After the war our subject returned to Moultrie 
County and purchasing eighty acres of rich lint 
unbroken prairie soil started in to make his for- 
tune. In his effort he has been unusually success- 
ful and now owns f